Science.gov

Sample records for joint military operations

  1. Developing a pharmaceutical formulary for joint military medical operations.

    PubMed

    Caouette, Marc L

    2005-02-01

    This article describes the development of a standardized formulary for medical contingency operations for any theater of operations. The article compares peacetime health care systems within the Department of Defense and the formulary systems developed and used within the fixed facility environment with Department of Defense contingency health care operations systems and the complications encountered while attempting formulary development for the deployed environment. Despite great difficulties, the Joint Readiness Clinical Advisory Board developed, published, and marketed a jointly approved, standardized, modernized formulary to assist forces deploying for Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. The process used by the Joint Readiness Clinical Advisory Board during formulary development is described in detail, giving readers an understanding of the foundations of the Joint Deployment Formulary. The military departments will experience the benefits of enhanced supply chain predictability and responsiveness, increased clinician satisfaction, and improved patient safety and health care quality by implementing the Joint Deployment Formulary for their forces engaged in contingency operations.

  2. Joint and National Intelligence Support to Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-10-07

    planning, interference among users and a shortage of assignable frequencies may limit operations. The systems that each NIST element is capable of...to include retasking (if the requirement is not satisfied), adding new requirements, or canceling satisfied requirements. 14. Collection Operations...subscribe to numerous summaries from all theaters. Assign lowest possible precedence on summary messages. Cancel summaries for the subordinate joint

  3. Personnel Security during Joint Operations with Foreign Military Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-01

    this article. Princi- pally among these is the desire to keep one’s family together in a safe, stable home. A closer look at the perpetrators of...military personnel overseas, the US Air Force’s security forces are well suited to aid in de- veloping an advanced training module (fig. 6).25 Those

  4. Distance Learning in Advanced Military Education: Analysis of Joint Operations Course in the Taiwan Military

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tung, Ming-Chih; Huang, Jiung-yao; Keh, Huan-Chao; Wai, Shu-shen

    2009-01-01

    High-ranking officers require advanced military education in war tactics for future combat. However, line officers rarely have time to take such courses on campus. The conventional solution to this problem used to take the inefficient correspondence courses. Whereas Internet technologies progress, online course is the current trend for military…

  5. Distance Learning in Advanced Military Education: Analysis of Joint Operations Course in the Taiwan Military

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tung, Ming-Chih; Huang, Jiung-yao; Keh, Huan-Chao; Wai, Shu-shen

    2009-01-01

    High-ranking officers require advanced military education in war tactics for future combat. However, line officers rarely have time to take such courses on campus. The conventional solution to this problem used to take the inefficient correspondence courses. Whereas Internet technologies progress, online course is the current trend for military…

  6. 9 April 1940 German Invasion of Norway - The Dawn of Decisive Airpower during Joint Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-03-01

    illustrate Britain’s slow and half-hearted response. As early as the morning of 7 April, Royal Air Force Hudsons sighted one cruiser and six destroyers...Luftwaffe Attack on the British Home Fleet ..............................................................23 LESSONS FOR TODAY’S MILITARY...Figure 2. Weseruebung Command Structure / Operational Organization ........................13 Figure 3. German Attack on Norway, 7 - 9 April 1940

  7. EU Civil-Military Cell: Useful Model for Joint/Interagency Operations?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-22

    facilities provided by one of the five Operation Headquarters (OHQs) currently available in European Member States. These are: the French OHQ in Mont ...security-defence/capabilities/eu-civilian-and-military- capability-development?lang=en (accessed January 20, 2012). 3 Carmen Gebhard, “The

  8. Joint Task Force-Bravo: A Case Study in Military Operations Other Than War.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Pheasant , was initiated. The United States military elements along with their Honduran allies were in positions within thirty-six hours of the...Second, multinational exercises are effective as foreign deterrence options. Big Pine II and Operation Golden Pheasant produced diplomatic, social

  9. Operational Stress and Correlates of Mental Health Among Joint Task Force Guantanamo Bay Military Personnel.

    PubMed

    Webb-Murphy, Jennifer A; De La Rosa, Gabriel M; Schmitz, Kimberly J; Vishnyak, Elizabeth J; Raducha, Stephanie C; Roesch, Scott C; Johnston, Scott L

    2015-12-01

    Military personnel deployed to Joint Task Force Guantanamo Bay (JTF-GTMO) faced numerous occupational stressors. As part of a program evaluation, personnel working at JTF-GTMO completed several validated self-report measures. Personnel were at the beginning, middle, or end of their deployment phase. This study presents data regarding symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, alcohol abuse, depression, and resilience among 498 U.S. military personnel deployed to JTF-GTMO in 2009. We also investigated individual and organizational correlates of mental health among these personnel. Findings indicated that tenure at JTF-GTMO was positively related to adverse mental health outcomes. Regression models including these variables had R2 values ranging from .02 to .11. Occupation at JTF-GTMO also related to mental health such that guards reported poorer mental health than medical staff. Reluctance to seek out mental health care was also related to mental health outcomes. Those who reported being most reluctant to seek out care tended to report poorer mental health than those who were more willing to seek out care. Results suggested that the JTF-GTMO deployment was associated with significant psychological stress, and that both job-related and attitude-related variables were important to understanding mental health symptoms in this sample. Copyright © 2015 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies.

  10. Military Operations Other Than War in the New World Order: An Analysis of Joint Doctrine for the Coming Era.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-05-01

    Background 11 Policy, Doctrine, and Strategy: Some Important Differences 11 Current National Security Policy and Current National Military Strategy...how do these principles address the differences between war and operations short of war? How applicable are these principles across the broad range...Builder, 1995b:ix). To many military observers, the current doctrine for MOOTW, continues to marginalize operations short of war when just the opposite

  11. Whole of Government - The Search for a True Joint Interagency Approach to Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-22

    represents a small change in the initial condition of the system, which causes a chain of events leading to large-scale phenomena . Had the butterfly...regional police services. This groundwork paid dividends in the successful joint investigation into the Bali bombings. The foundation of the investigation

  12. Army Support of Military Cyberspace Operations: Joint Contexts and Global Escalation Implications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    Alexander as well as its cur- rent operations led by Admiral Michael Rog- ers. Also, it assesses the command’s mission to direct operations, defend...of the command under the leadership of General Keith Alexander as well as its current operations led by Admiral Michael Rogers. Also, it assesses...dissemination, Lieutenant Gen- eral Keith Alexander (Director, NSA and command- er, JFCC-NW) summed up the state of cyberspace operations in a 2007

  13. Integrating Special Operations Forces Operational Design and Joint Doctrine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-04

    prescribed by Joint Publication 5-0, Joint Operation Planning, are evaluated using historical and conceptual theories relevant to limited war 3 or...war’s second grammar.”2 A comparison of USASOC’s elements of SOF Operational Design to these same conceptual theories will provide contextual support to... theories are common within the military profession. Current and former practitioners of military art and science regularly seek to apply lessons

  14. Joint Newspaper Operating Agreements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parsons, Marie

    The number of competing daily newspapers in American cities has dwindled until only about 50 cities boast two papers. Of the newspapers in those cities, 23 now maintain separate editorial operations but have joint printing, advertising, and circulation departments. The concept of joint operation is 50 years old, dating from the Depression years…

  15. Joint Newspaper Operating Agreements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parsons, Marie

    The number of competing daily newspapers in American cities has dwindled until only about 50 cities boast two papers. Of the newspapers in those cities, 23 now maintain separate editorial operations but have joint printing, advertising, and circulation departments. The concept of joint operation is 50 years old, dating from the Depression years…

  16. Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Joint Special Operations Task Force Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-12-19

    military operations. It also provides an overview of joint special operations tenets and doctrinal principles . It includes guidance for organizing a JSOTF... principles and guidance also may apply when significant forces of one Service are attached to forces of another Service or when significant forces of...and the Principles of War ............................................................ I-4 • Characteristics of Special Operations Forces

  17. The Joint Medical Workstation (JMeWS) database in 2003: intradeployment health encounters of military personnel supporting Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom.

    PubMed

    Hooper, Tomoko I; DeBakey, Samar F; Bellis, Kimberly S; Cox, Kenneth L; Gackstetter, Gary D

    2008-02-01

    The Joint Medical Work Station (JMeWS) is a theater medical surveillance system that integrates information from three separate health data collection systems for the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines. Our objective was to characterize JMeWS data during its first year of implementation in 2003. We conducted a descriptive analysis of health events documented in JMeWS among military personnel deployed to Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. Among the 38,498 individuals (7.8%) with a JMeWS record, women, college-educated, older individuals, and Reserve/Guard personnel were over-represented. There was wide variability by service (Air Force, 25%; Army, 5.5%; Marine Corps, 1.2%; and Navy, 0.6%). The most common diagnoses were in the categories of injury and poisoning, respiratory conditions, and musculoskeletal disorders. Differences in distribution of the various patient encounter modules in theater likely resulted in variable data capture across services. System enhancements should improve future applications.

  18. El Rio De Gente: U.S. Military Role In Joint, Interagency, Intergovernmental, and Multi-National (JIIM) Operations to Help Manage the River of People from Central America to the U.S.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-10

    hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and...MILITARY ROLE IN JOINT, INTERAGENCY, INTERGOVERNMENTAL, AND MULTI-NATIONAL OPERATIONS TO HELP MANAGE THE RIVER OF PEOPLE FROM CENTRAL AMERICA TO...alone. Similarly, the migration facet as a threat to global and national security is also best managed though cooperation and partnership. 15. SUBJECT

  19. El Ro De Gente: U.S. Military Role in Joint, Interagency, Intergovernmental, and Multi-National Operations to Help Manage the River of People from Central America to the U.S.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-10

    hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and...MILITARY ROLE IN JOINT, INTERAGENCY, INTERGOVERNMENTAL, AND MULTI-NATIONAL OPERATIONS TO HELP MANAGE THE RIVER OF PEOPLE FROM CENTRAL AMERICA TO...alone. Similarly, the migration facet as a threat to global and national security is also best managed though cooperation and partnership. 15. SUBJECT

  20. Contractors Supporting Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-30

    syndrome among contracting officers which has likewise been noted. The fielding of large numbers of on-site contract oversight personnel rather than... Clipper . By December 1941, the A.V.G. was preparing to move to Kunming, its base in China. Each squadron in the A.V.G. had at least twenty operational...to the inevitable and surrendered the atoll. Before the war, Wake Island was a refueling and rest stop for the Pan American clipper . For about

  1. Risk Management and the Joint Military Commander.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-02-01

    risk assessment, is the process called risk management . Practiced repeatedly, personal and professional risk management can become ’common sense...war and military operations other than war (MOOTW). This report discusses the USA Five Step Process, from which users develop tools, techniques, and procedures for applying risk management in their areas of responsibility.

  2. Joint Electromagnetic Spectrum Management Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-20

    synchronizing, and deconflicting JEMSMO actions (p. IV-7) Doctrine Update for JP 6-01, Joint Electromagnetic Spectrum Management Operations...communications system directorate of a joint staff (J-6), to support joint planning, coordination, and control of the spectrum for assigned forces. Executive...in the respective Service or joint publications. Interference Resolution To ensure critical frequencies and spectrum-dependent systems are

  3. Maintain Stability Operations Capability During Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    foolishness, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us…1 —Charles Dickens 21st Century Challenges Borrowing the opening...sentence from 19th Century British Author Charles Dickens ’, A Tale of Two Cities, seems appropriate as a framework for the United States of America’s...the world, and enjoy, as Dickens would say, “the best of times”, and why should the U.S. Joint force be concerned with integrated operations with our

  4. Joint Doctrine for Space Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    c. USSPACECOM Space Operations Center ( SPOC ). The SPOC is the focal point with USSPACECOM for obtaining space support. d. Day-to-Day Operations...notify the National Military Command Center (NMCC) and the NORAD and USSPACECOM chains of command (including the NORAD Operation Center and SPOC ), as...commanders from NORAD-USSPACECOM’s CMOC, which is backed up by the SPOC . USSPACECOM will also operate and maintain global and regional satellite

  5. Andragogy And Pedagogy Theories Of Learning In Joint Professional Military Education

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-09-27

    the education and training environment? Joint Professional Military Education, though heavily based on pedagogical teaching methods , would...learners. Training and educational environments can be designed and tailored for adult learners by better understanding these teaching methodologies...coordination is critical for the United States to be successful in joint operations. The methods of training and educating service personnel have a

  6. Joint Operation Planning

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-12-26

    feasibility — only then does he issue an order.” General Mathew B. Ridgway The Korean War, 1967 SECTION A. JOINT STRATEGIC PLANNING — TYPES AND SCOPE 1...necessary. Meanwhile from the west would come the U.S. (sic) Army’s power punch. Looking at [Commander, XVIII Airborne Corps, Lieutenant General] Gary

  7. Other Than War: The American Military Experience and Operations in the Post-Cold War Decade

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    War The American Military Experience and Operations in the Post-Cold War Decade FRANK N. SCHUBERT The Author Frank Schubert was born in Washington...than War The American Military Experience and Operations in the Post-Cold War Decade FRANK N. SCHUBERT Joint History Office Office of the Chairman...American military experience and operations in the post-Cold War decade / Frank N. Schubert. p;lgcs till Includes bibliographical references and index

  8. Joint Counterdrug Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-02-17

    Coca Plant Growing Areas CATEGORIES OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES CATEGORIES DRUGS NARCOTICS Opium, Morphine, Codeine , Heroin, Hydromorphone, Meperidine...in most cases do not become part of the drug molecule . Essential chemicals are used in the production of cocaine or heroin. (Joint Pub 1-02) foreign...required in the synthetic or extraction processes of drug production, and become incorporated into the drug molecule . Not used in the production of

  9. The Impact of Unmanned Aerial Systems on Joint Operational Art

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-17

    The Impact of Unmanned Aerial Systems on Joint Operational Art A Monograph by Major Joel E Pauls USAF School of Advanced Military Studies...Unmanned Aerial Systems on Joint Operational Art 6. AUTHOR(S) Joel E. Pauls Major, United States Air Force 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND...Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited 13. ABSTRACT (Maximum 200 Words) The use of Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) by the United States

  10. Joint Operations. Change 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-02-13

    include: (a) Authority to speak for the JFC or other parent commander. (b) Familiar with the combat identification ( CID ) capability of both parties...information that is mission essential, affects lower- level operations, facilitates CID , and is perishable. (8) Logistics. Multinational logistics is a...identification checks on a set but unpredictable pattern. For additional guidance on antiterrorism. refer to JP 3-07.2, Antiterrorism (7) CID is the

  11. Saipan and Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-02-12

    8217 BACK’.GROUND (PAC IFI(’,." STRATEGY) The American economical conversion to products for fighting a war began the day after the attack on Pearl Harbor. In...prerparation and support of future attacks an the Japanese homeland. Admiral Turner s amphibious operations had showed dramatic improvements in the Marshall...Based Aircraft) Vice Admiral John H. Hoover WiauM Admiral- Turner (IE :.LL Expeditignarv y TX_-Lt Gen Holland M. Smith (USMC) So1.tgrn Attack E -2C Saipan

  12. The Joint Narrative: Describing the Future Environment and Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    ndupress .ndu.edu issue 54, 3 d quarter 2009 / JFQ 81 The Joint Narrative Describing the Future Environment and Joint Operations By J o h n M...USJFCOM) pub- lished the Joint Operating Environment (JOE) 2008 in November to describe potential future operational environments and their implica- tions...for the joint force. The JOE outlines likely challenges and opportunities, in essence describing the demand signals for the future joint force

  13. Strategic disaster preparedness and response: implications for military medicine under joint command.

    PubMed

    Burkle, F M; Frost, D S; Greco, S B; Petersen, H V; Lillibridge, S R

    1996-08-01

    With the end of the Cold War, renewed emphasis has been placed on humanitarian assistance such as disaster relief, refugee management, and humanitarian intervention during conflicts by the military forces of all nations. The role of the military in humanitarian assistance has been the subject of much recent debate, as the ability of the United States to mount an effective emergency response is linked to our nation's strategic policy and planning. This article describes and broadens the understanding of the evolving concepts of strategic disaster management and the role of Joint Military Commands in providing disaster relief. Examples of strategic humanitarian relief operations are discussed.

  14. The United States Military and Humanitarian Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-01-01

    stated that, "The wave of the future will be putting together task forces that will be able to respond to crisis management or humanitarian...equipped for combat. "The skills needed to feed hungry people in Africa or build tent cities for hurricane victims are different from the skills needed...examine three options for the military’s role in humanitaria operations at home and abroad. Option 1: Virtually Eliminate Anv Military Role This is the

  15. Joint Professional Military Education: Time for a New Goal

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    creation of the general staff. The most celebrated was the German Krieg’s Academy.2 The subjects, concepts and methodologies have changed and...appears to be a key distinction between joint and jointness beyond the grammatical differences between a noun and an adverb ...Staff Officer Education for the 21st Century: Examining the German Model. Leavenworth: School of Advanced Military Studies, United States Army

  16. Joint Special Operations Task Force-Philippines

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-21

    conditions of the Philippines operational environment and the regional military objectives established by senior policy makers. The indirect approach...employed by the JSOTF-P offers a model for the U.S. military to combat regional /global terrorism inside a partner nation’s sovereign territory under...American military personnel operating within the country or region ; or the partner nation has a constitutional or otherwise legal prohibition against

  17. Sustained Military Operations and Cognitive Performance.

    PubMed

    Vrijkotte, Susan; Roelands, Bart; Meeusen, Romain; Pattyn, Nathalie

    2016-08-01

    Cognitive performance is crucial during military operations. It is suggested that impaired cognitive performance accounts for most of the accidents during training courses and actual battle. There is a need to define when soldiers' operational readiness becomes impaired. The objective of this systematic review was to investigate the effects of sustained military operations (SUSOPS) on vigilance, reaction time, working memory, and reasoning in order to select good indicators for performance impairment. A systematic literature search was performed using publicly accessible databases (IngentaConnect, PubMed, Science Direct, and Defense Technical Information Center online) that were screened until July 2015. Keywords were military, sustained operations, (cognitive) performance, soldier, and training. Only 7 out of 589 studies met the inclusion criteria. Selected studies were difficult to compare due to different methodologies, cognitive tasks, and military courses. Vigilance, reaction time, and working memory were affected after only a few hours, showing severe impairment. They are linearly related to military stress up to 80 h of SUSOPS. These three indicators needed little recovery time to return to baseline levels. After more than 80 h of SUSOPS, no significant impairments of those indicators were observed. Reasoning becomes impaired after high stress levels of relatively short duration and can remain affected after more than 80 h of SUSOPS. Vigilance, reaction time, and working memory are affected after only a few hours while little recovery time is needed. For reasoning to return to baseline values, longer recovery is needed than the time available during SUSOPS. Vrijkotte S, Roelands B, Meeusen R, Pattyn N. Sustained military operations and cognitive performance. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2016; 87(8):718-727.

  18. Cultural intelligence support for military operations

    SciTech Connect

    Guthormsen, Amy M.; MacKerrow, Edward P; Merritt, Terence M; Morgart, Ruth E

    2010-04-08

    It has long been recognized that military success relies on knowledge of the enemy. In the context of standard warfare, adequate knowledge of the enemy may be gained by analyzing observable, measurable data. In the context of modern counterinsurgency operations and the global war on terror, the task of predicting the behavior of the enemy is vastly more complex and difficult. Without an understanding of the ways individuals in the host nation interpret and react to events, no amount of objective information can provide the insight required to accurately predict behavior. US military doctrine has begun to recognize the importance of the many ways that local culture can affect operation success. Increasingly military decision makers use cultural information in the service of operation planning, and troops are provided with pre-deployment cultural training. However, no amount of training can cover the breadth and depth of potentially useful cultural information, and no amount of careful planning can avoid the need to adapt as situations develop. Therefore, a critical challenge is to provide useful tools to US personnel in their efforts to collect, analyze, and utilize cultural information. Essential functions for cultural support tools include the following: (1) to narrow down a broad range of available data and focus the user's attention on context-relevant information, (2) to present cultural information in an easily understood form, (3) to prompt the user to seek relevant information in the environment, (4) to synthesize information, and (5) to predict outcomes based on possible courses of operation. In this paper, we begin by reviewing the ways in which military operations can benefit from cultural intelligence. We then discuss frameworks for analyzing cultural information in the context of a military operation. We conclude with a demonstration of our current efforts to develop a tool that meets the aforementioned functional challenges.

  19. Computational Linguistics in Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    information dominance at the operational and tactical level of war in future warfare. Discussion: Mastering culture and language in a foreign country is decisive to understand the operational environment. In addition, the ability to understand and speak a foreign language is a prerequisite to achieve truly comprehension of an unfamiliar culture. Lasting operations in Afghanistan and Iraq and the necessity to breach the language gap lead to progress in the field of Machine Translation and the development of technical solutions to close the gap in the past decade. This paper

  20. 7 CFR 1400.203 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Joint operations. 1400.203 Section 1400.203... AND SUBSEQUENT CROP, PROGRAM, OR FISCAL YEARS Payment Eligibility § 1400.203 Joint operations. (a) A member of a joint operation will be considered to be actively engaged in farming with respect to a...

  1. 7 CFR 1400.203 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Joint operations. 1400.203 Section 1400.203... AND SUBSEQUENT CROP, PROGRAM, OR FISCAL YEARS Payment Eligibility § 1400.203 Joint operations. (a) A member of a joint operation will be considered to be actively engaged in farming with respect to a...

  2. 7 CFR 1400.203 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Joint operations. 1400.203 Section 1400.203... AND SUBSEQUENT CROP, PROGRAM, OR FISCAL YEARS Payment Eligibility § 1400.203 Joint operations. (a) A member of a joint operation will be considered to be actively engaged in farming with respect to a...

  3. 7 CFR 1400.203 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Joint operations. 1400.203 Section 1400.203... AND SUBSEQUENT CROP, PROGRAM, OR FISCAL YEARS Payment Eligibility § 1400.203 Joint operations. (a) A member of a joint operation will be considered to be actively engaged in farming with respect to a...

  4. Military Medicine Focused for Joint Warfighting

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-04-15

    AD-A264 612 I I w vi m 6 P nU w i ps i Sw a mB of Un wI do ot memmly muset tib views of ld Dwaxrnit of Dede or MWy Of it qgmim Thr damumt my not be...military medicine fifty years ago. The new culture has not placed appropriate importance on medical readiness, or on training and organizing during...future, to continue the focus on peacetime care for those who have little influence on the outcome of future conflicts, or to "go outside the box" to

  5. The application of CRM to military operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cavanagh, Dale E.; Williams, Kenneth R.

    1987-01-01

    The detailed content of the CRM training component of the C-5 Aircrew Training System (ATS) was left to the discretion of the contractor. As a part of determining what the content should be, United Airlines Services Corporation has made an effort to understand how the needs of MAC crews compare with those of civilian airline crews. There are distinct similarities between the crew roles in the cockpits of civilian airliners and military air transports. Many of the attitudes and behaviors exhibited by civil and military crew members are comparable, hence much of the training in the field referred to as Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) is equally appropriate to civil or military aircrews. At the same time, there are significant differences which require assessment to determine if modifications to what might be termed generic CRM are necessary. The investigation enabled the definition and specification of CRM training which is believed to address the needs of the C-5 operational community. The study has concentrated largely on military airlift, but the training objectives and course content of the CRM training are readily adaptable to a wider range of military cockpits than are found in strategic airlift. For instance, CRM training focusing on communication, leadership, situational awareness, and crew coordination is just as appropriate, with some modification, to the pilots manning a flight to Tactical Airlift Command A-7's as it is to the pilots, flight engineers, and loadmasters crewing a C-5.

  6. Military Police Operations and Counterinsurgency

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-01

    for special access programs. , 3.10. Employs specialized investigative techniques to include forensic and t:>ehavioral sciencell and hypnosis . 3.11...for Forensic Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (polygraph) examinations. 3.13. Operates the U.S. Air Force Special Investigations Academy

  7. Current US military operations and implications for military surgical training.

    PubMed

    Tyler, Joshua A; Clive, Kevin S; White, Christopher E; Beekley, Alec C; Blackbourne, Lorne H

    2010-11-01

    Since 2001, US military surgeons have deployed frequently, with many surgeons deploying within 1 year of graduating residency. The purpose of this study was to evaluate readiness of recent graduates to manage combat-related injuries and to make recommendations for improvements in training military surgeons. We reviewed casualties treated at the 31st Combat Support Hospital in Baghdad from December 2003 to November 2004. We identified 3,426 wounded patients; of these, 2,648 (77.3%) required an operative procedure. There were 2,788 patients (81.4%) who sustained penetrating injuries. The most common procedures performed were debridement of wounds (39%), skeletal fixation (14.7%), and exploratory laparotomy (11.4%). Common procedures were compared with 15 case logs from the ACGME database for our institution from 2005 to 2009. Graduating residents averaged 973 cases during residency (range 867 to 1,293, median 921). This included experience with most procedures encountered except nephrectomy (1.5 procedures per resident [PPR]), craniotomy (1.1 PPRs), inferior vena cava injury (1.1 PPRs), bladder repair (0.87 PPR), and duodenal injury (0.6 PPR). Residents had minimal experience with skeletal fixation and external genital trauma. Recent surgical residency graduates are prepared for deployment in support of US military operations for the majority of injuries encountered. However, familiarization with procedures that fall outside the traditional general surgical curriculum would improve their ability to treat these injuries. To enhance experience with rare injuries, cadaver studies and animal models may serve as training tools before deployment. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  8. Medical supply on contingency military operations: experience from Operation GRITROCK.

    PubMed

    Robinson, J P; Reeves, P

    2015-01-01

    Medical supply during military operations has the ability to affect the efficacy of the operation being undertaken, either negatively or positively. An appropriately-managed maritime platform with a robust medical supply chain during transit and on arrival in theatre is the main aim. A secure supply chain will reduce any implications that logistics may have with regard to capability, and negate the effects of deficiencies of short shelf life items occurring over time and during use in high tempo operations.

  9. Standing Joint Forces: Spearhead for Global Operational Maneuver

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-05-26

    Base 5, then directly to Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Headquarters in Washington. Concurrent with the JTF mission , follow-on forces were...If America needs to spend a little more to accomplish its dual military missions - policing its virtual "empire" and deterring major-power...and under-equipped Pacific forces accomplished their mission through courage, ingenuity, and a reliance on joint/combined operations. While

  10. National Policies for Military Unmanned Systems That Implement Joint Fires Missions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    but also their sale . Arms control and export policies of the United States and other countries will affect how the United States achieves its foreign... scripted methods for seeking approval for the use of unmanned systems implementing kinetic strikes, and the Congressional oversight that is required...establishing policies and guidance for the acquisition, sale , and operation of military unmanned systems that perform joint fires missions. The second

  11. New York Operation: Military Kids Afterschool Universe Cosmic Camps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schaff, N.

    2010-08-01

    The Cornell Center for Radiophysics and Space Research education and public outreach program and the New York State Operation: Military Kids program partnered to plan four weekend "Cosmic Camps" for youth from military families using the NASA Afterschool Universe program.

  12. Military Personnel: Joint Officer Development Has Improved, But a Strategic Approach Is Needed. Report to the Subcommittee on Military Personnel, Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

    In response to the need of military leaders to be better prepared to plan, support, and conduct joint (multi-service and multi-national) operations, Congress enacted the Goldwater- Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986. Positive steps were taken to implement provisions in the Act that address the education, assignment, and…

  13. Operation Anaconda. Lessons for Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-01

    ample education, training, and exercises on the applicable joint doctrine and procedures, including theater air ground systems (TAGS). Sub-Lesson 1B...exercises and evaluation . Thus, there are conflicting interpretations of how CAS is treated in joint training and how it is practiced today. In USAF...air support system , weather delays of a few days provided an opportunity to practice joint fire support with the air component. Early on Day 1 of the

  14. Small-scale nuclear reactors for remote military operations: opportunities and challenges

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-08-25

    Small-scale nuclear reactors for remote military operations: opportunities and challenges Bret Strogen, PE, PhD August 25, 2015 NDIA Joint Service...do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of Defense or the U.S. Government 15-S-2449  The appeal of nuclear power for...military applications  DoD’s previous research initiatives and expressions of interest regarding terrestrial small modular ( nuclear ) reactor R&D • Army

  15. Joint Military Ethics: A Framework for the Future.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    a vain attempt to put out a forest that is burning to the ground. The military is currently undergoing an evolution in mission and force structure...severely hamper future operations. CHARACTER DEVELOPMENT "A man of character in peace will be a man of courage in war." - Lord Moron By most accounts

  16. American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-26

    16 Table 14. Operation Iraqi Freedom: Military Deaths , March 19, 2003, Through...Freedom: Military Deaths , March 19, 2003, Through February 6, 2010 Casualty Type Totals Army Navya Marines Air Force Hostile 3,469 2,524 65 851 29...2 Table 2. Worldwide U.S. Active Duty Military Deaths

  17. Deficiencies in Indian Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-26

    positions in an attempt to gain control of the Saichen Glacier , which would give them the advantage of a superior position for a future conflict in Kashmir...Pakistani military planners presented a Kargil War plan to Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto after the Indian Army gained control of the Saichen glacier

  18. Joint Operational Medicine Information Systems (JOMIS)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-03-01

    2016 Major Automated Information System Annual Report Joint Operational Medicine Information Systems (JOMIS) Defense Acquisition Management ...Automated Information System MAIS OE - MAIS Original Estimate MAR – MAIS Annual Report MDA - Milestone Decision Authority MDD - Materiel Development...August 24, 2015 Program Information Program Name Joint Operational Medicine Information Systems (JOMIS) DoD Component DoD The acquiring DoD

  19. Joint Doctrine for Civil-Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-02-08

    civic administration and reconstruction. Humanitarian aid — we are now finding that by and large with all the refugees practically now have returned...the need for humanitarian support from the returned refugees . The civic administration, civic functioning starting to come back on line. It needs...know the legal status of relief workers from the numerous agencies involved, DC, and refugees . CMO involve a myriad of statutory, regulatory, and

  20. Mortuary Affairs in Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-06-05

    are handled by the base hospital staff. The Navy does have the Armed Force’s only military morticians which are stationed throughout the world to...areas, storage points, hospitals , and other locations. These effects are collected, safeguarded, inventoried, and evacuated to the PE depot. The...Individual units and medical facilities (in case of death in a hospital ). (b) CP and TMEP. (c) In theater mortuary when established. Organizations

  1. The Effect Terrorist Labels Have on Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-17

    Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited The Effect Terrorist Labels Have On Military Operations A Monograph by MAJ Leighton W...NOTES 14. ABSTRACT This research conducts an analysis of U.S. laws surrounding terrorism in order to assess the effects they have on military...STUDIES MONOGRAPH APPROVAL Major Leighton W. Anglin Title of Monograph: The Effect Terrorist Labels Have On Military Operations Approved by

  2. Special Operations Professional Military Education for Field Grade Officers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-10-11

    UNIVERSITY SPECIAL OPERATIONS PROFESSIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION FOR FIELD GRADE OFFICERS by Eli G. Mitchell, Maj, USAF A Research Report Submitted to...States government. iii Abstract Current officer professional military education (PME) is lacking in the education of special operations...motivates an improvement in the development of its field grade officers. AU/ACSC/MITCHELL, E/AY16 1 Professional military education (PME) faces

  3. Secure Cloud Computing Implementation Study For Singapore Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-01

    COMPUTING IMPLEMENTATION STUDY FOR SINGAPORE MILITARY OPERATIONS by Lai Guoquan September 2016 Thesis Advisor: John D. Fulp Co-Advisor...DATES COVERED Master’s thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE SECURE CLOUD COMPUTING IMPLEMENTATION STUDY FOR SINGAPORE MILITARY OPERATIONS 5. FUNDING NUMBERS...addition, from the military perspective, the benefits of cloud computing were analyzed from a study of the U.S. Department of Defense. Then, using

  4. Increased protein intake in military special operations.

    PubMed

    Ferrando, Arny A

    2013-11-01

    Special operations are so designated for the specialized military missions they address. As a result, special operations present some unique metabolic challenges. In particular, soldiers often operate in a negative energy balance in stressful and demanding conditions with little opportunity for rest or recovery. In this framework, findings inferred from the performance literature suggest that increased protein intake may be beneficial. In particular, increased protein intake during negative caloric balance maintains lean body mass and blood glucose production. The addition of protein to mixed macronutrient supplements is beneficial for muscle endurance and power endpoints, and the use of amino acids improves gross and fine motor skills. Increasing protein intake during periods of intense training and/or metabolic demand improves subsequent performance, improves muscular recovery, and reduces symptoms of psychological stress. Consumption of protein before sleep confers the anabolic responses required for the maintenance of lean mass and muscle recovery. A maximal response in muscle protein synthesis is achieved with the consumption of 20-25 g of protein alone. However, higher protein intakes in the context of mixed-nutrient ingestion also confer anabolic benefits by reducing protein breakdown. Restricted rations issued to special operators provide less than the RDA for protein ( ∼ 0.6 g/kg), and these soldiers often rely on commercial products to augment their rations. The provision of reasonable alternatives and/or certification of approved supplements by the U.S. Department of Defense would be prudent.

  5. Risk propensity assessment in military special operations.

    PubMed

    Sicard, B; Jouve, E; Blin, O

    2001-10-01

    Risk taking, decision making, and stress factors are strongly associated in military operations. The authors used the Bond and Lader mood and alertness scale and a new scale, Evaluation of Risks (EVAR), to assess risk proneness in a maritime counter-terrorism exercise. EVAR items are distributed among five factors: self-control, danger seeking, energy, impulsiveness, and invincibility. In the study, 10 pilots were submitted to strenuous night flights with limited sleep deprivation. Compared with baseline data, pilots reported an increase in impulsiveness, whereas EVAR factors were consistent in a control group composed of 9 navy crew member. Correlations were observed between mood and alertness and risk factors. These results illustrate how EVAR can be used to evaluate change in risk proneness in individuals submitted to various stressors. But further studies are required to weigh stress factors and environmental conditions in risk propensity with a larger population of various age and personality traits.

  6. Developing Joint Information Operations Warriors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-13

    the spectrum of conflict more than ever before. Information dominance has always been important, but the speed and methods at which it can be sent... information dominance . The analysis begins with a quick review of joint IO doctrine, Service approaches to IO, and IO personnel management. Next, IO

  7. 7 CFR 1400.203 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES PAYMENT LIMITATION AND PAYMENT ELIGIBILITY FOR 2009 AND SUBSEQUENT CROP, PROGRAM, OR FISCAL YEARS Payment Eligibility § 1400.203 Joint operations. (a) A...

  8. Joint Operation Planning and Execution

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-03-01

    chapter are: a crisis may occur with little or no warning, it is fast breaking, and accelerated decisions are required, sometimes a crisis in one area will...step and could be crucial to the CINC’s influencing future decisions in a fast -breaking crisis. During this phase, the JCS Joint Staff will monitor the...compressing the second through fifth phases. It may be that in a fast -developing crisis situation, the JCS Execute Order may be the first record

  9. Civil Military Cooperation for Counterterrorism Operations within the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    military, specifically Special Operations Forces, possesses a pool of talent in advanced counterterrorism operations that is not being utilized by...United States. The U.S. military, specifically Special Operations Forces, possesses a pool of talent in advanced counterterrorism operations that...examine and restructure the force allowing creativity to be applied to existing and older problems. The Army has created new and effective ideas when

  10. Effective monitoring and evaluation of military humanitarian medical operations.

    PubMed

    Waller, Stephen G; Powell, Clydette; Ward, Jane B; Riley, Kevin

    2011-01-01

    Non-military government agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have made great strides in the evaluation of humanitarian medical work, and have learned valuable lessons regarding monitoring and evaluation (M&E) that may be equally as valuable to military medical personnel. We reviewed the recent literature by the worldwide humanitarian community regarding the art and science of M&E, with focus toward military applications. The successes and failures of past humanitarian efforts have resulted in prolific analyses. Alliances of NGOs set the standard for humanitarian quality and M&E standards. Military medical personnel can apply some of these standards to military humanitarian M&E in complex and stability operations. The authors believe that the NGO community?s M&E standards should be applied to improve evaluation of U.S. military medical humanitarian operations.

  11. Major Joint/Combined Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    engagements, strikes) conducted by various combat forces of a single or several services, coordinated in time and place to accomplish an...operational and sometimes strategic objective in an operational area. These actions are conducted simultaneously or sequentially in accordance with a common...In generic terms, a major operation can be described as consisting of a series of related major and minor tactical actions by two or more combat

  12. Implementing Joint Operational Access: From Concept to Joint Force Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    multiple DOTMLPF-P gover - nance processes across the Department of Defense (DOD). Finally, pulling all of the various activities together related to JOA...eral Martin E . Dempsey signed the Joint Concept for Entry Operations (JCEO) on April 7, 2014. 5 Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership, 5. 6 JOAC, 33–36

  13. Engineer Doctrine for Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    command relationships. Engineer forces could be OPERATION FUERTE APOYO ENGINEER COMMAND AND CONTROL In late October 1998, Hurricane Mitch slammed into...Salvador, and Guatemala. OPERATION FUERTE APOYO ENGINEER COMMAND AND CONTROL USSOUTHCOM ENGINEER Miami, FL JTF-B J7 Soto Cano, HO JTF-Aguila Engineer

  14. The oil and gas joint operating agreement

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    This book covers the following topics: introduction to the AAPL model form operating agreement; property provisions of the operating agreement; Article 6---the drilling and development article; duties and obligations revisited---who bear what risk of loss; operator's liens; accounting procedure joint operations; insurance; taking gas in kind absent a balancing agreement; RMMLF Form 5 Gas Balancing Agreement; tax partnerships for nontax professionals; alternative agreement forms.

  15. Future Operating Concept - Joint Computer Network Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-17

    of explosive vests in a central market, a beheading captured in streaming video, precise cyber/space/ missile strikes, or Know the enemy and know...cross-theater campaigns. 18 USSTRATCOM integrates space, global strike, ISR, network warfare, and missile defense into functional commands 63...These operations are ―highly dynamic and maneuverable with transitions between F2T2EA phases nearly instantaneously.‖ Integrating effects based

  16. Planning and operational considerations for units utilizing military working dogs.

    PubMed

    Royal, Joseph; Taylor, Charles L

    2009-01-01

    Military working dogs are rapidly becoming integral to military operations. While they bring many valuable capabilities to the battlefield, it is important that Special Operations leaders consider canine team capabilities and requirements when planning missions. Careful logistical and operational planning can optimize the health, performance, and readiness of the working dog while protecting the safety and well-being of the team members working with them. We also offer recommendations for medical treatment of dog bites.

  17. Coordinating medical civil military operations in Multinational Division-North.

    PubMed

    Smyrski, John A; Rainey, McKinley; Roach, Shane; Stevens, Mark; Hernandez, Gloria; Vargo, Ruth

    2010-11-01

    Medical civil military operations (MCMO) are part of military civil capacity-building efforts within the full spectrum of military operations, from war to military operations other than war. In 2008-2009 during Operation Iraqi Freedom, the Division Surgeon's Section (DSS) of the 25th Infantry Division (25ID) and Multinational Division-North developed an innovative MCMO program in northern Iraq. The program centered on understanding and mapping key relationships, empowering brigade-level programs, and leveraging technology to identify and share best practices. The DSS mapped the critical relationships within and between the three entities affecting MCMO: the government of Iraq (GOI), Department of State (DOS), and the Department of Defense (DOD). A division MCMO working group was then created along with processes to facilitate MCMO project execution and program management. The structure and organization of the 25ID MCMO program lend themselves to other operational environments requiring synchronization of medical capacity-building efforts.

  18. Joint Operational Access Concept (JOAC)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-17

    Roger, Mark Burles, Michael S . Chase, Derek Eaton, and Kevin L. Pollpeter. Entering the Dragon’s Lair: Chinese Antiaccess Strategies and Their...Operational Access Concept (JOAC) 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR( S ) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK...NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) Department of Defense,Washington,DC,20301 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION

  19. Joint Special Operations Targeting an Alternate Scheme

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-03-30

    Campaign Plan, which we will examine in the next chapter. End Notes 1. The Joint Chiefs of Staff, JCS PUB 3-05.5. Joint Special Operations Targeting...concept of targeting. End Notes 1. FM 31-20 Page 8-I S,11 ,, , I IIIIII II.. 8 CHAPTER III DIFFERENCES THAT AFFECT TARGETING The oversight of the Deep...can even infiltrate an element into the operational area. End Notes 1. Luttwak. Edward N. "Notes on Low-Intensity Warfare." Parametres. Vol 13

  20. Cupola windows during Joint Operations

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2010-02-17

    ISS022-E-066963 (17 Feb. 2010) --- This image is among the first taken through a first of its kind ?bay window? on the International Space Station, the seven-windowed Cupola. The image shows the coast of Algeria featuring (in the Cupola?s round window) an area between the cities of Dellys and Algiers. The image was recorded with a digital still camera using a 28mm lens setting. The Cupola, which a week and half ago was brought up to the orbital outpost by the STS-130 crew on the space shuttle Endeavour, will house controls for the station robotics and will be a location where crew members can operate the robotic arms and monitor other exterior activities.

  1. Challenges in applying artificial intelligence methodologies to military operations

    SciTech Connect

    Arrowood, L.F.; Hilliard, M.R.; Hwang, H.L.; Emrich, M.L.

    1986-01-01

    Artificial intelligence methodologies are being applied to support decision making at all levels of military operations. Applications being studied include assessing force readiness, reliability and capability; planning complex missions; and integrating data from multiple sources. Unclassified research is addressing the considerable challenges presented by supporting such decision making in time-sensitive environments. We examine current efforts to utilize artificial intelligence in the military, discuss difficulties which need to be resolved before intelligent systems can become fully operational, and identify potential applications of artificial intelligence for the Military Airlift Command of the US Air Force.

  2. Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics During Simulated Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-01

    AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-13-2-0043 TITLE: Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics During Simulated Military Operations PRINCIPAL...TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics During Simulated Military Operations 5b. GRANT NUMBER...evaluated the relationship between 3D geometry of the lumbar spine, under different loading conditions and positions, and the pathophysiology of the

  3. Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics During Simulated Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-13-2-0043 TITLE: Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics During Simulated Military Operations PRINCIPAL...31May2016 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER During Simulated Military Operations 5b...ABSTRACT This study evaluated the relationship between 3D geometry of the lumbar spine, under different loading conditions and positions, and the

  4. Applying Operational Art to the Joint Operational Access Concept (JOAC)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-23

    American Military History (New York: D. McKay, 1980), 502. 10 Walter Boyne , “Linebacker II,” Air Force Magazine, November 1997, 1, http://www.airforce­...essence of operational art at its best.25 John Boyd arrived at some of the same conclusions that the Russians and Naveh discussed in their work. Boyd...Science, Strategy and War: the Strategic Theory of John Boyd (New York: Routledge, 2007), 175. 12

  5. 49 CFR 225.23 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD ACCIDENTS/INCIDENTS: REPORTS CLASSIFICATION, AND INVESTIGATIONS § 225... accident/incident involving joint operations must be reported on Form FRA F 6180.55a by the employing... other railroad directly involved in the accident/incident, each must report the accident/incident on...

  6. 49 CFR 225.23 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD ACCIDENTS/INCIDENTS: REPORTS CLASSIFICATION, AND INVESTIGATIONS § 225... accident/incident involving joint operations must be reported on Form FRA F 6180.55a by the employing... other railroad directly involved in the accident/incident, each must report the accident/incident on...

  7. 49 CFR 225.23 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD ACCIDENTS/INCIDENTS: REPORTS CLASSIFICATION, AND INVESTIGATIONS § 225... accident/incident involving joint operations must be reported on Form FRA F 6180.55a by the employing... other railroad directly involved in the accident/incident, each must report the accident/incident on...

  8. 49 CFR 225.23 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD ACCIDENTS/INCIDENTS: REPORTS CLASSIFICATION, AND INVESTIGATIONS § 225... accident/incident involving joint operations must be reported on Form FRA F 6180.55a by the employing... other railroad directly involved in the accident/incident, each must report the accident/incident on...

  9. 49 CFR 225.23 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD ACCIDENTS/INCIDENTS: REPORTS CLASSIFICATION, AND INVESTIGATIONS § 225... accident/incident involving joint operations must be reported on Form FRA F 6180.55a by the employing... other railroad directly involved in the accident/incident, each must report the accident/incident on...

  10. An innovative medical civil-military operation training program.

    PubMed

    Lougee, Douglas; Kemmer, Teresa M; Lynch, Julia

    2007-02-01

    The San Antonio Military Pediatric Center has developed an innovative humanitarian civic assistance (HCA) program. Many medical HCA programs focus on short-term medical interventions and provide transient benefit. To have a more lasting impact, this program focuses on public health surveillance. U.S. military medics conduct random household nutritional surveys and train in austere settings and on rounds in Honduran hospitals. Since 2001, >200 military medics have been trained in population assessment, primary medical care in developing nations, and other skills critical for medical civil-military operations. All activities are coordinated with the host nation. Public health data are collected and reported to Honduran public health leaders, the U.S. Agency for International Development, and nongovernmental organizations, to assist with program and policy development. This innovative project is a potential model to improve both military training and host nation benefit from HCA programs.

  11. Joint Logistics: A Direct Approach to Effective U.S. Military Foreign Disaster Assistance

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-03

    large 5 variety of military forces and multinational and other government organizations ( OGAs ). 10 The JLE exists within this operational...decrease parallel efforts of the military, OGAs and NGOs. Fixing the inefficiencies in the military logistical system is the first step to providing a

  12. Gender and Diversity in Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-02-09

    society.23 In Jordan, Her Royal Highness Princess Aisha bint Al Faisal is the head of the Directorate of Military Women’s Affairs. Such role models like...23 Ibid. 24 HRH Princess Aisha bint Al Faisal sister of present HRH King Abdullah of Jordan; she is a Sandhurst graduate and got the rank of BG. 25

  13. Assessing Operation Purple: A Program Evaluation of a Summer Camp for Military Youth

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    serving military youth, such as Operation Military Kids and Operation Purple® (the focus of this report), there has been very little independent...Operation: Military Kids provides links to state-specific resources for military children. The Military Child Education Coalition has developed several...daily journal. Campers will use letter-writing to communicate with their parents. Military experience: “ Kids Serve, Too” Campers will increase their

  14. Family stress and posttraumatic stress: the impact of military operations on military health care providers.

    PubMed

    Gibbons, Susanne W; Barnett, Scott D; Hickling, Edward J

    2012-08-01

    This study uses data from the 2005 Department of Defense Survey of Health-Related Behaviors Among Military Personnel to examine relationships between family stress and posttraumatic stress symptoms across 4 subgroups of Operation Iraqi Freedom-deployed (i.e., war in Iraq) or Operation Enduring Freedom-deployed (i.e., war in Afghanistan) active-duty military service members. Results suggest the following: (a) the greatest positive correlation of family stressors with posttraumatic stress symptoms was found within the military health care officer group, and (b) these military health care officers differed in family stressors mediating posttraumatic stress with divorce and financial problems accounting for significant and unique portions of the variance. Implications for care of service members and their families are discussed.

  15. Stability operations and the implications for military health services support.

    PubMed

    Bricknell, M C M; Hanhart, N

    2007-03-01

    This paper examines the implications of the new military campaign type--Stability Operations--on military health service support. The paper uses the format of the medical estimate process and shows how the health service support planning factors of Mission Analysis; Ground; Enemy forces; Friendly forces; Time and Space; Security; Casualty Estimate; Medical Command, Control, Communication, Computers and Information (C4I); Medical Capabilities; Medical Force Protection; Medical Logistics; and Medical CBRN are affected by this change. The paper also identifies two new roles for military medical services, assistance to security sector reform and assistance to reconstruction and development. These two new roles will be discussed more fully in later papers.

  16. Beyond the Range of Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-01-01

    proposed for the new term that stated not only what it is but what it is not.6 The Next Step A later version had a condensed MOOTW definition7 and one...revised as needed and then renumbered during their assessments . The end of the Cold War brought new challenges which require that joint doctrine clearly and...needed. The assessment process and the subsequent revision of Joint Pub 3-0 can correct this flaw. This is not a call for immediate changes in joint

  17. Benign joint hypermobility syndrome in soldiers; what is the effect of military training courses on associated joint instabilities?

    PubMed Central

    Azma, Kamran; Mottaghi, Peyman; Hosseini, Alireza; Abadi, Hossein Hassan; Nouraei, Mohammad Hadi

    2014-01-01

    Background: Hypermobile joints are joints with beyond normal range of motion and may be associated with joint derangements. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS) among soldiers and effect of training courses on related joint instabilities. Materials and Methods: In a prospective cohort study on 721 soldiers of Iran Army in Isfahan in 2013 the prevalence of joint hypermobility was obtained by using Beighton criteria. Soldiers divided in two groups of healthy and suffered based on their scores. The prevalence of ankle sprain, shoulder and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocations identified before beginning service by history-taking and reviewing paraclinical documents. After 3 months of military training, a recent occurrence of mentioned diseases was revaluated in two groups. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS-20 software using Independent-T and Chi-square tests. Results: The frequency of BJHS before military training was 29.4%. After passing military training period, the incidence of ankle sprain was significantly higher in suffered group achieving the minimum Beighton score (BS) of 4 (4.3%, P = 0.03), 5 (5.5%, P = 0.005) and also 6 out of 9 (6.5%, P = 0.01). The incidence of TMJ dislocation was not significantly different based on a minimum score of 4, while it was higher in suffered group when considering the score of 5 (2.1%) and 6 (2.6%) for discrimination of two groups (P = 0.03). There was no significant difference between two groups in case of shoulder dislocation anyway. Conclusion: Military training can increase the incidence of ankle sprains and TMJ dislocations in hypermobility persons with higher BS in comparison with healthy people. Therefore, screening of joint hypermobility may be useful in identifying individuals at increased risk for joint instabilities. PMID:25364364

  18. Planning and Operational Considerations for Units Utilizing Military Working Dogs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    Planning and Operational Considerations for Units Utilizing Military Working Dogs 5 INTRODUCTION Military working dogs (MWDs) play an in- creasingly...certain conditions and sup- port elements to maintain maximal effectiveness. To gain the maximum benefit from canine units, teams that work with dogs must...take factors into consideration re- lating to canine health, handling, and safety. TRANSPORTATION AND HOUSING Transportation of dogs in the

  19. Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics During Simulated Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-13-2-0043 TITLE: Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics During Simulated Military Operations PRINCIPAL...TITLE AND SUBTITLE Sa. CONTRACT NUMBER Lumbar Spine Musculoske l etal Physiol ogy and Biomechanics Dur i ng s i mul ated Military Operati ons Sb...l ationship between 3D geometry of the lumbar spine, under different l oading conditions and positions , and the pathophysiol ogy of the

  20. Adoptable Afghan Customs or Practices in a Military Operations Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-21

    Military Operations Environment 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR( S ) MAJ Maurice V. Poitras 5d...PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) School of Advanced Military Studies 250...Gibbon Avenue Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027 8. PERFORMING ORG REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) U.S. Army

  1. Challenges with jointed-pipe underbalanced operations

    SciTech Connect

    Saponja, J.

    1998-06-01

    Successful underbalanced operations demand a systematic approach with integration of engineering, operations, production, reservoir, and geology. There are significant advantages to underbalanced drilling (UD). Formation damage can be minimized if proper circulating fluids and operating parameters are chosen; there is an opportunity for reservoir evaluation and characterization while drilling; lost circulation and differential sticking can be avoided, combined with improvements in drilling rate of penetration (ROP); and it also provides an alternative method of well control. This paper discusses engineering challenges and considerations for underbalanced operations using multiphase flow as well as advances made during UD with rotary jointed pipe. Excluding air, mist, and foam, underbalanced techniques with multiphase fluids are reviewed. Much of the discussion and concepts also apply to coiled-tubing underbalanced operations.

  2. FOLLOW ME! Assisting United States Government Organizations Supporting Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-26

    Briem, Christopher, Joint is dead, what is next?, Proceedings of the United States Naval Institute, January 2004, Volume 130. Bronson , Rachel...20021101faessay99997/rachel- bronson /when- soldiers-become-cops.html. Building Security, Interagency Security Committee Has Had Limited Success in Fulfilling Its...Russell, Richard L. Tug of war: the CIA’s uneasy relationship with the military, SAIS Review, Summer/Fall 20023, volume 22. 72 Shapiro, Shlomo

  3. Explosives Hazard Reduction (EHR) Studies Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    Analysts, Inc. (ISA) Explosives Hazard Reduction (EHR) ProgramAs of: 2 ● Identify / Quantify Explosives Hazards ● Minimize Risks ● Resolve long...Siting Recommendations ● Produce DDESB Compliant Explosives Safety Site plans EHR Goals & Objectives Explosives Hazard Reduction (EHR) ProgramAs of: 3...of Barricades ● Automated Wash Rack ● Use ISO Trailers in MSA Explosives Hazard Reduction (EHR) ProgramAs of: 6 Proposed Facilities Joint Operations

  4. Military Operations Other Than War: One Soldier’s Story

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Shelton , deployed to accomplish this mission. Cedras and Biamby, accompanied by family members and some staff members, departed for exile in Panama on...Operations and Training." Edited by Dennis J. Quinn , Peace Support Operations and the U S Military. Washington D.C.: Institute for National Strategic Study

  5. Are We Too Dumb to Execute Our Own Doctrine : An Analysis of Professional Military Education, Talent Management, and Their Ability to Meet the Intent of The Capstone Concept for Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-04

    5 Chapter 3: Height of Jointness and Growth of Joint Intellectual Capital ..........……….13 Chapter 4: The Capstone...CHAPTER 3: HEIGHT OF JOINTNESS AND GROWTH OF JOINT INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL Over the last 15 years, the armed forces developed a tremendous amount...the services’ current talent management systems , the resultant loss of intellectual capital with the departure of tens of thousands of combat

  6. Operational Capabilities and Legal Implications of a Military Space Plane

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Charania, A.

    2002-01-01

    The potential challenges for the United States military in this upcoming century may require new types of capabilities only achievable through the application of new technologies. One of these potential capabilities includes a Military Space Plane (MSP). An MSP is a concept to use reusable launch vehicle (RLV) technologies in a system to provide the military global access and reach in a timely fashion that could be operational within a decade. New awareness is evident from both recent federal commission reports and activities in Afghanistan of the military's possible use of such capabilities to provide asymmetric advantages. The MSP may eventually become part of a new spaceforce that coordinates the broad range of defensive and offensive space assets. In addition, a new emphasis is being placed upon NASA and the U.S. Air Force to coordinate activity on such a space plane/RLV development. The interaction of civilian and defense agencies for such a program has ramifications, not just in terms of the requirements on a final operational vehicle, but also on the legal charters of both entities. This examination presents operational scenarios for a military space plane in order to derive various legal implications.

  7. Joint Training In Combined Entry Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-02-13

    that address joint entry operations. The first of these exercises to be discussed is BOLD ALLIGATOR (BA). Beginning in 2008, the Chief of Naval...26 39 US Fleet Forces Command. Bold Alligator 2014 Factbook. Norfolk, VA: US Fleet Forces Command, 01 Oct 2014. 12 40 ibid, 12 41 ibid, 12, 19...42 Seck, Hope Hodge, “Next Live Bold Alligator Exercise Won’t Be Until 2017,” MarineCorps Times.com, 04 Feb 2015, http://www.marinecorpstimes.com

  8. Military general surgical training opportunities on operations in Afghanistan.

    PubMed

    Brooks, Adam J; Ramasamy, Arul; Hinsley, David; Midwinter, Mark

    2009-07-01

    In the UK, general surgical specialist trainees have limited exposure to general surgical trauma. Previous work has shown that trainees are involved in only two blunt and one penetrating trauma laparotomies per annum. During their training, nearly half of trainees will not be involved in the surgical management of liver injury, 20% will not undertake a trauma splenectomy and only a quarter will see a trauma thoracotomy. Military general surgical trainees require training in, and exposure to, the surgical management of trauma and specifically military wounding patterns that is not available in the UK. The objective of this study was to determine whether operative workload in the sole British surgical unit in Helmand Province, Afghanistan (Operation HERRICK) would provide a training opportunity for military general surgical trainees. A retrospective theatre log-book review of all surgical cases performed at the Role 2 (Enhanced) treatment facility at Camp Bastion, Helmand Province on Operation HERRICK between October 2006 and October 2007, inclusive. Operative cases were analysed for general surgical trauma, laparotomy, thoracotomy, vascular trauma and specific organ injury management where available. A total of 968 operative cases were performed during the study period. General surgical procedures included 51 laparotomies, 17 thoracotomies and 11 vascular repairs. There were a further 70 debridements of general surgical wounds. Specific organ management included five cases of liver packing for trauma, five trauma splenectomies and four nephrectomies. A training opportunity currently exists on Operation HERRICK for military general surgical specialist trainees. If the tempo of the last 12 months is maintained, a 2-month deployment would essentially provide trainees with the equivalent trauma surgery experience to the whole of their surgical training in the UK NHS. Trainees would gain experience in military trauma as well as specific organ injury management.

  9. Are We too Dumb to Execute Our Own Doctrine : An Analysis of Professional Military Education, Talent Management, and their Ability to Meet the Intent of the Capstone Concept for Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-04

    Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited. Based on a loss of intellectual capital and the current gaps in the area of joint...To stem the loss of joint intellectual capital and prepare the future force to meet the intent of CCJO through the execution of globally...Intentionally left blank ABSTRACT Over the last 15 years, the U.S. armed forces developed a tremendous amount of joint intellectual capital

  10. Traditional Military Operations: A Legitimate Policy Alternative to Covert Action

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-01

    expressed in this student academic research paper are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army...fulfillment of the requirements of the Senior Service College fellowship. The views expressed in this student academic research paper are those of the...requirements of traditional military operations. For the purposes of this paper, clandestine and unacknowledged operations will be used interchangeably . The

  11. The Future of Indigenous Security Force Training: Considerations for the Joint Operational Commander

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-06

    in Iraq and Afghanistan may not be sustained as these conflicts wind down. Where the U.S. conducts regime change or in failed states, U.S. forces...requirements of the Joint Force as across the full range of military operations ( ROMO ). 29 A major part of the Army transformation adds high demand... ROMO . Specific enhancements in planning, communications, computers, intelligence, civil affairs, public affairs, fires and effects, air space

  12. Unassailable Advantage: The British Use of Principles of Joint Operations from 1758-1762

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-05-25

    in the world could challenge Britain on the Atlantic, in America, or in India. Britain’s successes in the war gave it the ability to control...a study of successful joint operations is important for United States military professionals’ because the United States will continue to utilize its...failures between 1755-1757 facilitated the learning and growth that enabled their success from 1758-1763. Therefore, it is worth asking what did the

  13. The News Media and Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-02-11

    APPENDIX I OPERATION DESERT SHIELD GROUND RULES AND GUIDELINES FOR NEWS MEDIA .Z5 I I I? 1 i e: 5 FP:M riPL PAGE. 14 )AN 91 GFRULVES 7U following...numrical information on Mop strength, aircra, weapons systems, o-hud equipment, or p e (e.., artillery, tanks, udan missiles, tumcks, water ), Including

  14. Military Implications of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-06-01

    maintenance of law and order, protecting the delivery of humanitarian assistance, the denial of an air space and the guarantee of rights of passage . In...involve the coordinated presence of warships and combat aircraft in the disputed region. Operations to guarantee rights of passage may be mounted to ensure

  15. Congressional Authority to Limit Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-02-19

    case of INS v. Chadha.93 In Chadha, the Court held that for a resolution to become a law, it must go through the bicameral and presentment process in...Implications, by Jennifer K. Elsea and Matthew C. Weed; see also Sidak, supra footnote 96, at 81-86 (discussing historical operation of bicameralism

  16. GIS applications for military operations in coastal zones

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Fleming, S.; Jordan, T.; Madden, M.; Usery, E.L.; Welch, R.

    2009-01-01

    In order to successfully support current and future US military operations in coastal zones, geospatial information must be rapidly integrated and analyzed to meet ongoing force structure evolution and new mission directives. Coastal zones in a military-operational environment are complex regions that include sea, land and air features that demand high-volume databases of extreme detail within relatively narrow geographic corridors. Static products in the form of analog maps at varying scales traditionally have been used by military commanders and their operational planners. The rapidly changing battlefield of 21st Century warfare, however, demands dynamic mapping solutions. Commercial geographic information system (GIS) software for military-specific applications is now being developed and employed with digital databases to provide customized digital maps of variable scale, content and symbolization tailored to unique demands of military units. Research conducted by the Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science at the University of Georgia demonstrated the utility of GIS-based analysis and digital map creation when developing large-scale (1:10,000) products from littoral warfare databases. The methodology employed-selection of data sources (including high resolution commercial images and Lidar), establishment of analysis/modeling parameters, conduct of vehicle mobility analysis, development of models and generation of products (such as a continuous sea-land DEM and geo-visualization of changing shorelines with tidal levels)-is discussed. Based on observations and identified needs from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, formerly the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, and the Department of Defense, prototype GIS models for military operations in sea, land and air environments were created from multiple data sets of a study area at US Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Results of these models, along with methodologies for developing large

  17. Operational Risk Management and Military Aviation Safety

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-09-01

    accidents has caused the leadership to seek to reduce its mishap rate. The Army’s Class A aviation mishap rate declined after it implemented risk management (RM...principles in 1987. This reduction caught the attention of Air Force leadership who have since stated that the application of operational risk ... management (ORM) is how the Air Force will reduce, even eliminate, mishaps. With current budget constraints, ORM is considered to be the most cost

  18. 32 CFR 643.130 - Joint Carrier Military Traffic Offices (JAMTO, JBMTO, JRMTO, SAMTO).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Joint Carrier Military Traffic Offices (JAMTO, JBMTO, JRMTO, SAMTO). 643.130 Section 643.130 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued... furnish office space without charge for JCMTO offices established in accordance with AR 55-355. ...

  19. 32 CFR 643.130 - Joint Carrier Military Traffic Offices (JAMTO, JBMTO, JRMTO, SAMTO).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Joint Carrier Military Traffic Offices (JAMTO, JBMTO, JRMTO, SAMTO). 643.130 Section 643.130 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued... furnish office space without charge for JCMTO offices established in accordance with AR 55-355. ...

  20. Use of hearing protection on military operations.

    PubMed

    Patil, M L; Breeze, J

    2011-12-01

    Noise Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL) continues to be a significant source of morbidity for UK service personnel. The Personal Interfaced Hearing Protection (PIHP) system was procured as an Urgent Operational Requirement primarily to provide a connection to the Personal Role Radio. Through its custom- mould design it was also expected to act as Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) against NIHL in a method that had not been possible previously. The aim of this paper was to evaluate user opinion of the four current methods of hearing protection including PIHP. 108 service personnel serving in a Forward Operating Base in Afghanistan were questioned anonymously using a paper-based questionnaire. The response rate was 78%, reflecting the difficulties in anonymous data collection in an environment such as this. PIHP was perceived to be more practical for use on the ranges or patrolling than the standard methods of hearing protection. Although only 4% were routinely wearing PIHP on patrol, this was related to understandable reluctance in wearing a new system that had only been issued immediately prior to this deployment. Early design problems highlighted by our study, such as changes in the design of the ear-piece to improve retention, have already been implemented. Compliance will be improved through a dedicated educational programme to explain its relevance. Despite the logistical difficulties in providing custom- made ear moulds, the PIHP system must be delivered to all service personnel early in their career so they are confident in its use long before operational deployment. Future research is required to ascertain the effectiveness of PIHP as a method of PPE in reducing the incidence of NIHL.

  1. Campaign Planning/Operational Art, Primer AY 07: Joint Advanced Warfighting School (JAWS) Joint Operation Planning Process

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    Counterintelligence; Civilian Internees CIA Central Intelligence Agency CIAP Command Intelligence Architecture Plan CID Criminal Investigation...MILGP Military Group (assigned to American Embassy in host nation) MIO Maritime Intercept Operations MIW Mine Warfare MLRS

  2. Outsourcing Small Wars: Expanding the Role of Private Military Companies in U.S. Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    lost less than twenty personel . However, the cease-fire agreement required that EO leave Sierra Leone. Ninety-five days after EO’s departure, the...military involvement. Although there were some U.S. agents among the Brigade, there were not enough of them, and the planned naval support was only limited...During the course of planning for the operation, noted Kennedy Administration historian Arthur Schlesinger Jr. noted that “somehow the idea took

  3. An Augmented Reality System for Military Operations in Urban Terrain

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-12-05

    24061 ABSTRACT Many future military operations are expected to occur in urban environments. These complex, 3D battlefields intro- duce many...from ISIM, France, and an M.S. in computer science in 1999 from the University of Central Florida. His research interests are in computer graphics, 3D ...information needed and reduce it to a minimum during high-stress situations. The Shared Information Database The system contains a detailed 3D

  4. United States Special Operations Command Professional Military Education

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-01

    Force Management and Development Division; Gap Analysis; Formal Documents; Command and Staff College ; Admiral William H. McRaven; Senior Officers...ACSC Air Command and Staff College ARSOF Army Special Operations Forces CAC Combined Arms Center CGSC Command and General Staff College CJCS...Corps Command and Staff College MCU Marine Corps University MCWAR Marine Corps War College MMS Master’s of Military Science NCR National Capital

  5. Military deployment health surveillance policy and its application to Special Operations Forces.

    PubMed

    Hartman, Richard T; Wolfson, Jay; Yevich, Steven J

    2004-01-01

    An evaluation research methodology was used to determine whether deployment health surveillance for Special Operations Forces conformed with Department of Defense policy directives for the specified target population. Data for this methodology were based on pre- and postdeployment health assessments as well as patient encounters recorded during deployments. The data represented 1,094 individual and unique Special Operations Forces members deployed to 12 different countries from October 2000 through December 2001. Results from the study suggested that military deployment health surveillance policy goals for predeployment medical referrals, patient data capture, and documentation during the deployment and postdeployment medical referrals were being poorly met when Department of Defense and Joint Chiefs of Staff mandates were applied to Special Operations Forces in an unconventional operations environment. Preliminary evaluation indicates that deployment health surveillance implementation could be improved with the introduction of policy awareness education, training, and technology.

  6. Toxoplasmosis in military personnel involved in jungle operations.

    PubMed

    Gómez-Marín, Jorge Enrique; de-la-Torre, Alejandra; Barrios, Patricia; Cardona, Nestor; Álvarez, Catalina; Herrera, Claudia

    2012-04-01

    Tropical diseases, mainly leishmaniasis and malaria, increased among Colombian military personnel due to intensive operations in the jungle in the last ten years; as a result the Colombian army developed important preventive strategies for malaria and leishmaniasis. However, no knowledge exists about toxoplasmosis, an emergent disease in military personnel. We compared the prevalence of IgG anti-Toxoplasma antibodies by ELISA and of parasitaemia by a real time PCR assay, in 500 professional soldiers that operated in the jungle with a group of 501 soldiers working in an urban zone (Bogotá). We found that the prevalence was significantly different between both groups of soldiers (80% in soldiers operating in jungle vs. 45% in urban soldiers, adjusted OR 11.4; CI 95%: 3.8-34; p<0.0001). All soldiers operating in the jungle drink unboiled and chlorine untreated lake or river water. In urban soldiers, these risk factors along with eating wild animal meat or eating tigrillo (little spotted cat) were significantly associated with a higher prevalence. Characteristic toxoplasmic choriorretinal lesions were found in 4 soldiers that operated in the jungle (0.8%) and in one urban soldier (0.19%). All soldiers before being deployed in jungle operations should be tested for Toxoplasma antibodies and to receive adequate health information about the routine use of personnel filters to purify their water for consumption.

  7. Reframing Stability Operations: using Social Science to Identify Pillars of Stability Operations to Bridge the Gap Between the Principles of Joint Operations and Stability Operations Framework

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-11

    operations as a core military mission, leading to its parity amongst other more traditional military missions along the spectrum of armed conflict...stability operations as a core military mission, leading to its parity amongst other more traditional military missions along the spectrum of armed conflict...steps were taken to ensure that stability operations received equal effort and focus amongst the other more traditional missions, this came at the

  8. Command and Control for Joint Air Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-12

    and doctrine. For the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff LLOYD J. AUSTIN III Lieutenant General , USA Director, Joint Staff i Preface ii...INTRODUCTION • General .....................................................................................................................I-1...processes for UASs are similar to those for manned assets, several factors can make C2 challenging. UAS communication links are generally more

  9. An Operant Analysis of Joint Attention Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holth, Per

    2005-01-01

    Joint attention, a synchronizing of the attention of two or more persons, has been an increasing focus of research in cognitive developmental psychology. Research in this area has progressed mainly outside of behavior analysis, and behavior-analytic research and theory has tended to ignore the work on joint attention. It is argued here, on the one…

  10. Military Chaplains and Joint Professional Military Education: Why am I Here?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-06

    hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and...Joint Culture and Language 4 Chaplains in the Mix 7 The Equipping Mandate for the Joint Forces Chaplain 10... the way she plans and fights her wars. A half century ago, our strategy for defense fixated upon one enemy or variants of the same, preparing for

  11. Military Exercises, Knee and Ankle Joint Position Sense, and Injury in Male Conscripts: A Pilot Study

    PubMed Central

    Mohammadi, Farshid; Azma, Kamran; Naseh, Iman; Emadifard, Reza; Etemadi, Yasaman

    2013-01-01

    Context: The high incidence of lower limb injuries associated with physical exercises in military conscripts suggests that fatigue may be a risk factor for injuries. Researchers have hypothesized that lower limb injuries may be related to altered ankle and knee joint position sense (JPS) due to fatigue. Objective: To evaluate if military exercises could alter JPS and to examine the possible relation of JPS to future lower extremity injuries in military service. Design: Cohort study. Setting: Laboratory. Patients or Other Participants: A total of 50 male conscripts (age = 21.4 ± 2.3 years, height = 174.5 ± 6.4 cm, mass = 73.1 ± 6.3 kg) from a unique military base were recruited randomly. Main Outcome Measure(s): Participants performed 8 weeks of physical activities at the beginning of a military course. In the first part of the study, we instructed participants to recognize predetermined positions before and after military exercises so we could examine the effects of military exercise on JPS. The averages of the absolute error and the variable error of 3 trials were recorded. We collected data on the frequency of lower extremity injuries over 8 weeks. Next, the participants were divided into 2 groups: injured and uninjured. Separate 2 × 2 × 2 (group-by-time-by-joint) mixed-model analyses of variance were used to determine main effects and interactions of these factors for each JPS measure. In the second part of the study, we examined whether the effects of fatigue on JPS were related to the development of injury during an 8-week training program. We calculated Hedges effect sizes for JPS changes postexercise in each group and compared change scores between groups. Results: We found group-by-time interactions for all JPS variables (F range = 2.86–4.05, P < .01). All participants showed increases in JPS errors postexercise (P < .01), but the injured group had greater changes for all the variables (P < .01). Conclusions: Military conscripts who sustained lower

  12. Redefining Joint Fires Service Functions to Better Support Joint Force Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-01

    of tasks and systems that provide the collective and coordinated use of Army indirect fires, air and missile defense (AMD), and joint fires...effort. Operational fires can occur anywhere within the Joint Operating Area (JOA) and may be delivered via a variety of platforms, weapon systems ...freedom of maneuver for the joint force. They require defensive fires to protect the force. The JFC, using systems that allow rapid response to changes

  13. Military Training: Management Actions Needed to Enhance DOD’s Investment in the Joint National Training Capability

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-08-01

    agency officials and determined that they were sufficiently reliable for our purposes. Results from nonprobability samples cannot be used to make... techniques , and policies, using well- defined metrics to provide a feedback capability to the leadership. Additionally, DOD recently announced its plans...is defined as “Military training based on joint doctrine or joint tactics, techniques , and procedures to prepare joint forces and/or joint staff to

  14. Balancing Tyche: Nonlinearity and Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    of nonlinearity. Regarding the final characterization of analytical blindness, mathematician Henri Poincare warns, that “weakness forbids us from...conduct of war, linearity is endemic to the theory and prosecution of the American way of war. Beginning with Henry Hallack’s translation of Jomini in...Greenwood Press, 1986), 312. 15 Murray, 314-315. 16 Beyerchen, 61. 17 Henry W. Hallack, Elements of Military Art and Science or, Course of Instruction

  15. Operation IVY. Joint Task Force 132, 1952

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-09-01

    reef corfiguration but information necessary for possible model studies of the atoll az an aid iJ interpretatiz• o srot-tfe -.eas-zec~ents. b. ’ Method...PAGE COUNT I FROM TO 5301W 9 141 𔄀 SUPPLEMENTARY NOTATION This report has had sensitive military Information removed in order to Brovide an...Classified material has been removed in order to make the information available on an unclassified, open publication basis, to any interested parties. The

  16. Joint Operations and the Vicksburg Campaign

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-06-04

    His fresh-water sailors were busy shifting chains , lumber, bags of coal, and other materials to defend against plunging shot from the high fort...times out of ten during the Vicksburg campaign the waterborne supplies reached the front lines in time. The failure in the joint logistics system...maneuver warfare techniques, ;nd joint logistics would keep them alive and sustained for future fighting. These challenges, and how the Union leadership

  17. The New Wild West: Military Support in Border Security Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-08

    Command and General Staff College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE Homeland Security...MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE THESIS APPROVAL PAGE Name of Candidate: Major Paul A. Power Thesis Title: The New Wild West: Military Support in Border...vi TABLE OF CONTENTS Page MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE THESIS APPROVAL PAGE ............ iii ABSTRACT

  18. Facilitation of evidence-based nursing practice during military operations.

    PubMed

    Bridges, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    The translation of research to clinical practice and health decision making is challenging. Under military operational conditions (e.g., the provision of care in the field), translation may be even more challenging. Two barriers that limit the use of evidence to guide practice, which are particularly germane under operational conditions, are conflicting or absent research results specific to the population of interest and relevant studies not being compiled in one place (Titler, 2007; Titler & Everett, 2001). The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Knowledge Transfer Framework (Nieva et al.,2005) provides a structure to facilitate evidence translation and to overcome these barriers. This article summarizes one aspect of a program of operational nursing research supported by the TriService Nursing Research Program, which exemplifies the three stages of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality framework.

  19. An introduction to the special section on U.S. military operations: effects on military members' partners and children.

    PubMed

    Kelley, Michelle L; Jouriles, Ernest N

    2011-08-01

    The deployment of U.S. military personnel to global hot spots, whether as combatants or as peacekeepers, has increased attention to the psychological well-being of military personnel and their family members. Despite the growing awareness that deployments have reverberating effects on all family members, theoretical explanations and empirical research on the impact of deployment on couple, family, and child adjustment, factors that serve to protect families from the demands of military employment, and effective methods of treating the mental health needs of military families are needed. The seven papers in this section increase our understanding of how the demands of U.S. military operations impact couples, family functioning, parenting, and child psychological adjustment and provide an additional resource for mental health professionals who work with these families.

  20. A review of recent American military space operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Day, Dwayne A.

    1993-12-01

    The United States (US) Department of Defense (DOD) has launched a large number of satellites into Earth orbit during the past five and a half years. These range from highly classified signals intelligence and imaging satellites to more mundane scientific and experimental microsats. This period saw a dramatic overhaul in operations due to the Challenger and other launch disasters. Many of these resources were used during the war in the Persian Gulf, which highlighted some of the limitations of current systems. A significant amount of new information has emerged in recent years due to the changing political situation, leading to this general overview of American military satellite programs during this period using unclassified and declassified sources as well as informed specculation. It is primarily a review of space operations and technical developments rather than the policy and doctrine that drives them.

  1. Joint Reserve Forces: An Evolution in Military Affairs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-01-01

    leading to related initiatives within other unified commands. One - Stop Shopping The ACOM JRU is organized differently. Its stated mission is to...organizational distinc- tion between units is the addition by ACOM of a JRU chief of staff and a subordinate headquarters staff to provide one - stop shopping for...a headquarters element will pro- vide one - stop shopping for administration, train- ing, and operations for all Reservists. Under the original SOUTHCOM

  2. Disposable sensors: technical and operational challenges facing military employment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nocita, Shawn K.; Bales, Jason M.

    2005-05-01

    Advances in technologies are providing opportunities to increase situational awareness in military operations. One application of these technologies is small disposable sensor systems that have the potential to enhance the war-fighter's lethality and survivability. Considering that the sensors must be disposable, cost constraints increase the complexity of solving the technical and operational challenges. This paper will address two areas of consideration when designing disposable sensor systems: technical and operational. Technical design considerations: Sensor communication networks are a hot area of development, with a multitude of standards and protocols to choose from. Miniaturization is providing a multitude of sensor modalities that can be considered for a disposable sensor. Decisions must be made between factors such as cost, size, and power requirements. Power management through hardware and software, coupled with more efficient batteries, is giving extended life to sensor systems. Environmental issues must be addressed in a disposable system. Operational design considerations: For systems monitored and managed directly by soldiers, one of the most important elements is the user interface, and its affect on overall system ease-of-use. System usefulness is also affected by the capability to autonomously monitor the area where sensors are deployed without a soldier present. The packaging of sensors will be affected by the current state of technology integrated into the sensors, as well as requirements for emplacement. These emplacement requirements and constraints will impact the operational effectiveness of the overall system.

  3. Hurley in the MDDK during Joint Operations.

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-07-21

    S127-E-007384 (21 July 2009) --- Judging by the countenance of astronaut Doug Hurley, things are going relatively well for the 13 crew members of the joint station-shuttle aggregation. Hurley, STS-127 pilot, is pictured on Endeavour's mid deck while most of the crewmembers are busy on the orbital outpost. Crew members worked a great deal of robotics issues on this day, working from inside to move hardware around on the outside.

  4. Time and the Paradigm of Operational Art - Authority and Responsibility of the Operational Artist in the Political Military Discourse

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-02-15

    Time and the Paradigm of Operational Art–Authority and Responsibility of the Operational Artist in the Political- Military Discourse A Monograph...burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response , including the time for reviewing instructions, searching...SUBTITLE Time and the Paradigm of Operational Art – Responsibility and Authority of the Operational Artist in the Political-Military Discourse 5a

  5. Civil-Military Operations: Joint Doctrine and the Malayan Emergency

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-01-01

    government ef- fort—patrols, ambushes, intelligence, and popula- tion and food control—was directed by the war executive committees.”4 Although progress...e a Kuala Lumpur Melaka Muar Pinang Is. Butterworth Singapore T R E N G G A N U J O H O R E P A H A N GS E L A N G O R M E L A K A N E G R I S E M B...tight food controls on a village for failing to pro- vide intelligence and succoring the insurgents in its midst, he did so under established rules

  6. Medical civil-military operations: the deployed medical brigade's role in counterinsurgency operations.

    PubMed

    Bryan, Jeffrey; Miyamoto, Danelle; Holman, Vincent

    2008-01-01

    Medical civil-military operations are a critical combat multiplier directly supporting the counterinsurgency fight. Army Medical Department Soldiers support medical civil affairs activities at all levels from platoon to the United States Mission-Iraq (Department of State) initiatives enhancing the legitimacy of medical services in the Iraq Ministry of Health, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of the Interior, and Ministry of Justice. The civil-military operations mission of the deployed Task Force 62 Medical Brigade has also evolved into a broad mission encompassing over 120 contractors including Iraqi-American, Bilingual Bicultural Advisors-Subject Matter Experts serving as case management liaison officers and medical trainers, as well as Iraqi Advisor Task Force members providing medical atmospherics, assessments, training, and the overall management of Iraqi linguists supporting all level III medical facilities.

  7. Joint motion clusters in servomanipulator operation

    SciTech Connect

    Draper, J.V.; Sundstrom, E.; Herndon, J.N.

    1986-01-01

    The Consolidated Fuel Reprocessing Program (CFRP) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory is developing advanced teleoperator systems for maintenance of future nuclear fuel reprocessing facilities. Remote maintenance systems developed by the CFRP emphasize man-in-the-loop teleoperation. This paper reports the results of a recent experiment which investigated how users interact with a multi-degree-of-freedom servomanipulator. Principal components analysis performed on data collected during completion of typical remote maintenance tests indicates that joint motions may be summarized by two orthogonal clusters, one which represents fine-adjusting motions and one which represents slewing motions. Implications of these findings for servomanipulator design are discussed. 5 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  8. Operation Sea Lion: A Joint Critical Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-16

    formal alliance with Germany known as the Rome -Berlin Axis. The Axis would later include Japan in September 1940 (2). Overseas in the United States...Operation CATAPULT , in which the Royal Navy was to seek and destroy the French fleet. By 1800 on that same afternoon, British warships opened fire on...case of the Vichy government, Hitler should have encouraged Vichy belligerency against Britain immediately following the British Operation CATAPULT of

  9. Joint Forward Operating Base Elements of Command and Control

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Summers, William C.

    2002-01-01

    Since the 1986 Goldwater-Nichols Act directed the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to develop doctrine for the joint employment of the armed forces, tactics, techniques, and procedures have evolved at different rates depending on the competency. Whereas the command of joint air forces is well prescribed within the structure of the air operations center and its associated leadership, command of air assets at a joint forward operating base lacks guidance. Today, the United States prosecutes an air war over Afghanistan from bases in Uzbekistan, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. Elements of the United States Army, Air Force, and Marines combine at these geographically minute locations, each bringing a certain complement of support and command and control. Evidence from operations during the 1999 air war for Kosovo at Tirana Rinas Airport in Albania suggests that when these service elements meet at the airfield for the first time, there are problems associated with local procedure. At best, time is wasted creating local joint systems to overcome the difficulties. At worst, safety and mission accomplishment are jeopardized. This thesis will address the need to develop doctrine and a jointly integrated organization to support the command and control function at a forward operating base.

  10. MARO - Mass Atrocity Response Operations: A Military Planning Handbook

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-01

    innovative dimension was the creation of a standing body of retired and active duty military planners to provide pro- fessional horsepower for thinking...The strategic guidance should provide clarity with respect to ac- tions taken against the host nation’s government or its military (if they are...services, develop infrastructure, and foster economic growth. Military plans usually are phased, based on anticipated activities or condi- tions. Although

  11. Joint Operation s in the James River Basin, 1862 - 1865

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-06-04

    reconciliation impossible. (2) A naval blockade should be established to cut the Confederacy off from European military aid and diplomatic support. The...combined Army-Navy operation to control the Mississippi River should be mounted to split the Confederacy if half both physically and economically." Scott...the Union and Confederacy . Richmond was not only the capital city, but it was the premier industrial center, as well as one of the two main munitions

  12. A novel flight surgeon training model at a joint military and civilian surgical residency program.

    PubMed

    DeSoucy, Erik S; Zakaluzny, Scott A; Galante, Joseph M

    2017-07-01

    Graduating military preliminary interns are often required to fill flight surgeon billets. General surgery preliminary interns get experience evaluating surgical and trauma patients, but receive very little training in primary care and flight medicine. At a joint military and civilian training program, we developed a supplemental curriculum to help transition our interns into flight medicine. From 2013 to 2016, we developed a lecture series focused on aerospace medicine, primary care, and specialty topics including dermatology, ophthalmology, orthopedics, pediatrics, psychiatry, and women's health. During the 2016 iteration attended by 10 interns, pre- and post-participation 10-item Likert scale surveys were administered. Questions focused on perceived preparedness for primary care role and overall enthusiasm for flight medicine. Open-ended surveys from 2013 to 2016 were also used to gauge the effect of the curriculum. The composite number of agreement responses (indicating increased comfort with presented material) increased 63% after course completion. Disagreement responses and neutral responses decreased 78% and 30%, respectively. Open-ended surveys from 14 participants showed an overall positive impression of the curriculum with all indicating it aided their transition to flight medicine. Survey responses indicate an overall perceived benefit from participation in the curriculum with more confidence in primary care topics and improved transition to a flight medicine tour. This model for supplemental aerospace medicine and primary care didactics should be integrated into any residency program responsible for training military preliminary interns who may serve as flight surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  13. Command and Control for Joint Land Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding...Force Land Component deployment data (TPFDD). Based on the Service and functional component recommendations, the JFC develops the integrated TPFDD and...in planning air supporting and support requirements. The ACCE interface includes exchanging current intelligence and operational data , support

  14. Joint Operations at Vicksburg: The Decisive Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    41 Musicant, Divided Waters, p. 265. 42 Musicant, Divided Waters, p. 265. 43 Kenneth P. Williams , Grant Rises in the West: From Iuka to...59 Grant, Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant, p. 288. 60 Williams , Grant Rises in the West, p. 362. 34 Vicksburg, it is important to...commanding officer of the gunboat Ottawa, reported the following to his operational commander, Flag Officer S.F. Dupont. Sir , *** Lieutenant Cogswell, a

  15. Memetics--A Growth Industry in US Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection of...unclassified c. THIS PAGE unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 Table of Contents Disclaimer... form present a daunting challenge for most conventionally trained military forces. Tomorrow’s US military must approach warfighting with an

  16. Digitization and The Commander: Planning and Executing Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Louis Caldera and Eric Shinseki, “Army Vision,” Military Review, Sept- Oct 2000, pages 3-5. Available at http://www.cgsc.army.mil/MilRev. 40 O’Hanlon...Barnaby, Frank. The Automated Battlefield. New York: The Free Press, 1986. Caldera , Louis and Eric Shinseki. “Army Vision.” Military Review

  17. Evaluation of Extended-Wear Hearing Aid Technology for Operational Military Use

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-07-01

    1 AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-14-1-0254 TITLE: Evaluation of Extended-wear Hearing Aid Technology for Operational Military Use PRINCIPAL... Operations and Reports (0704-0188), 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202- 4302. Respondents should be aware that...DATES COVERED 01 July 2015 – 30 June 2016 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Evaluation of Extended-wear Hearing Aid Technology for Operational Military Use 5a

  18. Soldiers Working Internationally: Impacts of Masculinity, Military Culture, and Operational Stress on Cross-Cultural Adaptation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keats, Patrice A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the ramifications of masculinized military culture and operational stress on cross-cultural adaptation. The author examines how characteristics of military culture may obstruct effective cross-cultural adaptation by promoting a hypermasculinity that tends to oppose effective management of trauma, and thereby suppresses skills…

  19. Civil-Military Operations in the Post Conflict Environment: Northern Uganda Case Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-01

    also referred to as complex emergencies. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines such emergencies as follows: Complex emergencies are...economic development, reconstruction and stability. On the operational scale, CMO actions focus on near term issues such as health ...a military mission, but concurrently allowing that mission to benefit the overall development piece is the balance that military planners should

  20. 46 CFR 6.06 - Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift... by or chartered to Military Sealift Command. (a) Pursuant to the request of the Deputy Secretary of... Logistics, dated May 23, 1964, made under the provisions of section 1 of Public Law 891, 81st Congress...

  1. 33 CFR 19.06 - Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... to Military Sealift Command. 19.06 Section 19.06 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... § 19.06 Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command. (a) Pursuant to the request of... of Defense, Installations and Logistics, dated May 23, 1964, made under the provisions of section 1...

  2. 33 CFR 19.06 - Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... to Military Sealift Command. 19.06 Section 19.06 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... § 19.06 Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command. (a) Pursuant to the request of... of Defense, Installations and Logistics, dated May 23, 1964, made under the provisions of section 1...

  3. 46 CFR 6.06 - Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift... by or chartered to Military Sealift Command. (a) Pursuant to the request of the Deputy Secretary of... Logistics, dated May 23, 1964, made under the provisions of section 1 of Public Law 891, 81st Congress...

  4. 46 CFR 6.06 - Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift... by or chartered to Military Sealift Command. (a) Pursuant to the request of the Deputy Secretary of... Logistics, dated May 23, 1964, made under the provisions of section 1 of Public Law 891, 81st Congress...

  5. 33 CFR 19.06 - Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... to Military Sealift Command. 19.06 Section 19.06 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... § 19.06 Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command. (a) Pursuant to the request of... of Defense, Installations and Logistics, dated May 23, 1964, made under the provisions of section 1...

  6. 33 CFR 19.06 - Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... to Military Sealift Command. 19.06 Section 19.06 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... § 19.06 Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command. (a) Pursuant to the request of... of Defense, Installations and Logistics, dated May 23, 1964, made under the provisions of section 1...

  7. Soldiers Working Internationally: Impacts of Masculinity, Military Culture, and Operational Stress on Cross-Cultural Adaptation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keats, Patrice A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the ramifications of masculinized military culture and operational stress on cross-cultural adaptation. The author examines how characteristics of military culture may obstruct effective cross-cultural adaptation by promoting a hypermasculinity that tends to oppose effective management of trauma, and thereby suppresses skills…

  8. Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Base Defense

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-07-23

    Armed Forces of the United States in joint operations and provides the doctrinal basis for US military involvement in multinational and interagency...operations. It provides military guidance for the exercise of authority by combatant commanders and other joint force commanders and prescribes...doctrine and selected tactics, techniques, and procedures for joint operations and training. It provides military guidance for use by the Armed Forces in

  9. Operational Risk Management: Increasing Mission Effectiveness Through Improved Planning and Execution of Joint Operations.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    operation plans. This deficiency should be remedied with the adoption of Operational Risk Management (ORM), an existing process which would provide...operations plans. The paper concludes that Operational Risk Management should be formally adopted into the deliberate and crisis action joint planning

  10. Success in Kashmir: a positive trend in civil-military integration during humanitarian assistance operations.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Wiley C

    2010-01-01

    The modern cast of disaster relief actors includes host nations, non-governmental organisations, private volunteer organisations, military organisations and others. Each group, civilian or military, has valuable skills and experiences critical to disaster relief work. The goal of this paper is to supplement the study of civil-military relief efforts with contemporary anecdotal experience. The paper examines the interaction between US military forces and other disaster relief actors during the 2005 Kashmir earthquake relief effort. The author uses direct observations made while working in Pakistan to contrast the relationships and activities from that effort with other accounts in prevailing scholarly disaster literature and military doctrine. Finally, this paper suggests that the Kashmir model of integration, coordination and transparency of intent creates a framework in which future humanitarian assistance operations could be successfully executed. Recommendations to improve civil-military interaction in future relief efforts will also be addressed.

  11. The expanding role of military entomologists in stability and counterinsurgency operations.

    PubMed

    Robert, Leon L; Rankin, Steven E

    2011-01-01

    Military entomologists function as part of medical civil-military operations and are an essential combat multiplier direction supporting COIN operations. They not only directly support US and coalition military forces by performing their traditional wartime mission of protecting personnel from vector-borne and rodent-borne diseases but also enhance the legitimacy of medical services by the host nation government such as controlling diseases promulgated by food, water, vectors, and rodents. These unique COIN missions demand a new skill set required of military entomologists that are not learned from existing training courses and programs. New training opportunities must be afforded military entomologists to familiarize them with how to interact with and synergize the efforts of host nation assets, other governmental agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and international military partners. Teamwork with previously unfamiliar groups and organizations is an essential component of working in the COIN environment and can present unfamiliar tasks for entomologists. This training should start with initial entry training and be a continual process throughout a military entomologist's career. Current COIN operations require greater tactical and operational flexibility and diverse entomological expertise. The skills required for today's full spectrum medical operations are different from those of the past. Counterinsurgency medical operations demand greater agility, rapid task-switching, and the ability to adequately address unfamiliar situations and challenges.

  12. Operation United Assistance: infectious disease threats to deployed military personnel.

    PubMed

    Murray, Clinton K; Yun, Heather C; Markelz, Ana Elizabeth; Okulicz, Jason F; Vento, Todd J; Burgess, Timothy H; Cardile, Anthony P; Miller, R Scott

    2015-06-01

    As part of the international response to control the recent Ebola outbreak in West Africa, the Department of Defense has deployed military personnel to train Liberians to manage the disease and build treatment units and a hospital for health care volunteers. These steps have assisted in providing a robust medical system and augment Ebola diagnostic capability within the affected nations. In order to prepare for the deployment of U.S. military personnel, the infectious disease risks of the regions must be determined. This evaluation allows for the establishment of appropriate force health protection posture for personnel while deployed, as well as management plans for illnesses presenting after redeployment. Our objective was to detail the epidemiology and infectious disease risks for military personnel in West Africa, particularly for Liberia, along with lessons learned from prior deployments. Reprint & Copyright © 2015 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  13. Achieving the Operational End-State: The Linkage of Military Operations with Regional Strategy.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-04-23

    twenty-four year old U.S. marine, was shot and killed by General Manuel Noriega’s ’ Macho de Monte’ (the macho men of the mountains) troops when...attempting to evade a Panamanian military road block. On the same day, navy Lieutenant Adam J. Curtis and his wife were kidnapped, 25 beat and sexually ...U.S. to the combat zone in almost twenty-four hours occurred almost as quickly, but in reverse , during redeployment operations. Deployment and

  14. Afloat Forward Operating Bases for Joint Special Operations Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    BOS (to include dining facility, medical/ dental , living areas, showers, latrines, etc). Thus, using an Afloat Forward Operating Base for a JSOTF 5 can...including triage reception sites, Intensive Care/Critical Care surgery suites, X-ray/Computed Radiography 12 capabilities, and burn treatment rooms. The

  15. The Joint Military Medical Executive Skills initiative: an impressive response to changing human resource management rules of engagement.

    PubMed

    Kerr, Bernard J

    2007-01-01

    Confronted with a sudden and substantial change in the rules regarding who could command a military medical treatment facility (MTF), the Military Health System (MHS) responded to the challenge with an impressive human resource management solution-the Joint Medical Executive Skills Program. The history, emergence, and continuing role of this initiative exemplifies the MHS's capacity to fulfill the spirit and intent of an arduous Congressional mandate while enhancing professional development and sustaining the career opportunities of medical officers. The MHS response to the Congressional requirement that candidates for MTF command demonstrate professional administrative skills was decisive, creative, and consistent with the basic principles of human resource management. The Joint Medical Executive Skills Program is a management success story that demonstrates how strategic planning, well-defined skills requirements, and structured training can assure a ready supply of qualified commanders for the military's MTFs.

  16. Emissions from Open Burning of Simulated Military Waste from Forward Operating Bases

    EPA Science Inventory

    Emissions from open burning of simulated military waste from forward operating bases (FOBs) were extensively characterized as an initial step in assessing potential inhalation exposure of FOB personnel and future disposal alternatives. Emissions from two different burning scenar...

  17. Emissions from Open Burning of Simulated Military Waste from Forward Operating Bases

    EPA Science Inventory

    Emissions from open burning of simulated military waste from forward operating bases (FOBs) were extensively characterized as an initial step in assessing potential inhalation exposure of FOB personnel and future disposal alternatives. Emissions from two different burning scenar...

  18. Operation Slipper: The Australian Defence Force and Private Military Contractors in Afghanistan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-21

    Decisions” (Monograph, School of Advanced Military Studies, 2013), 43-44. 29 Ryan J. Scott, “The Use of Private Security by the United Kingdom and the...30 Kevin Clarke, “Microeconomics, Private Security, and the Significance to Operational Planning” (Monograph, School of Advanced...2003. Clarke, Kevin. “Microeconomics, Private Security, and The Significance to Operational Planning.” Monograph, School of Advanced Military

  19. Joint Command and Control of Cyber Operations: The Joint Force Cyber Component Command (JFCCC)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-04

    relies so heavily on complex command and control systems and interconnectivity in general, cyber warfare has become a serious topic of interest at the...defensive cyber warfare into current and future operations and plans. In particular, Joint Task Force (JTF) Commanders must develop an optimum method to

  20. Emotional ambivalence and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in soldiers during military operations

    PubMed Central

    Jerg-Bretzke, Lucia; Walter, Steffen; Limbrecht-Ecklundt, Kerstin; Traue, Harald C.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This pilot study examined the extent to which a specific mechanism of emotion regulation – namely, ambivalence concerning the expressiveness of German soldiers’ emotions – affects the severity of PTSD symptoms after a military operation. Methodology: A survey was conducted at three points in time among 66 soldiers deployed on military crisis operations. The Harvard Trauma Questionaire (HTQ), the Ambivalence over Emotional Expressiveness Questionnaire (AEQ-G18), and a questionnaire on the particular stress of German soldiers during military operations were used. Results: The study showed a significant correlation between emotional ambivalence and traumatization. Furthermore, it was shown that the subjective stress of soldiers leading up to deployment is more pronounced when emotional ambivalence is stronger in the context of military operations. This particular stress is greater before and during the military operation than after. Compared to a male control sample, the average AEQ-G18 scores of the soldier sample examined here are considerably lower. Conclusion: This pilot study clearly indicates that the AEQ-G18 could be a suitable predictor of the psychological burden on soldiers. The correlations between emotional ambivalence on the one hand and the particular and post-traumatic stressors on the other hand are not only statistically significant in the present pilot study, but may also be relevant as risk factors. It is, therefore, necessary to conduct more extensive studies on soldiers participating in military operations to verify the results of this pilot study. PMID:23798980

  1. Emotional ambivalence and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in soldiers during military operations.

    PubMed

    Jerg-Bretzke, Lucia; Walter, Steffen; Limbrecht-Ecklundt, Kerstin; Traue, Harald C

    2013-01-01

    This pilot study examined the extent to which a specific mechanism of emotion regulation - namely, ambivalence concerning the expressiveness of German soldiers' emotions - affects the severity of PTSD symptoms after a military operation. A survey was conducted at three points in time among 66 soldiers deployed on military crisis operations. The Harvard Trauma Questionaire (HTQ), the Ambivalence over Emotional Expressiveness Questionnaire (AEQ-G18), and a questionnaire on the particular stress of German soldiers during military operations were used. The study showed a significant correlation between emotional ambivalence and traumatization. Furthermore, it was shown that the subjective stress of soldiers leading up to deployment is more pronounced when emotional ambivalence is stronger in the context of military operations. This particular stress is greater before and during the military operation than after. Compared to a male control sample, the average AEQ-G18 scores of the soldier sample examined here are considerably lower. This pilot study clearly indicates that the AEQ-G18 could be a suitable predictor of the psychological burden on soldiers. The correlations between emotional ambivalence on the one hand and the particular and post-traumatic stressors on the other hand are not only statistically significant in the present pilot study, but may also be relevant as risk factors. It is, therefore, necessary to conduct more extensive studies on soldiers participating in military operations to verify the results of this pilot study.

  2. Skill sets and competencies for the modern military surgeon: lessons from UK military operations in Southern Afghanistan.

    PubMed

    Ramasamy, Arul; Hinsley, David E; Edwards, Daffyd S; Stewart, Michael P M; Midwinter, Mark; Parker, Paul J

    2010-05-01

    British military forces remain heavily committed on combat operations overseas. UK military operations in Afghanistan (Operation HERRICK) are currently supported by a surgical facility at Camp Bastion, in Helmand Province, in the south of the country. There have been no large published series of surgical workload on Operation HERRICK. The aim of this study is to evaluate this information in order to determine the appropriate skill set for the modern military surgical team. A retrospective analysis of operating theatre records between 1st May 2006 and 1st May 2008 was performed. Data was collated on a monthly basis and included patient demographics, operation type and time of operation. During the study period 1668 cases required 2210 procedures. Thirty-two per cent were coalition forces (ISAF), 27% were Afghan security forces (ANSF) and 39% were civilians. Paediatric casualties accounted for 14.7% of all cases. Ninety-three per cent of cases were secondary to battle injury and of these 51.3% were emergencies. The breakdown of procedures, by specialty, was 66% (1463) orthopaedic, 21% (465) general surgery, 6% (139) head and neck, 5% (104) burns surgery and a further 4% (50) non-battle, non-emergency procedures. There was an almost twofold increase in surgical workload in the second year (1103 cases) compared to the first year of the deployment (565 cases, p<0.05). Surgical workload over the study period has clearly increased markedly since the initial deployment of ISAF forces to Helmand Province. A 6-week deployment to Helmand Province currently provides an equivalent exposure to penetrating trauma as 3 years trauma experience in the UK NHS. The spectrum of injuries seen and the requisite skill set that the military surgeon must possess is outside that usually employed within the NHS. A number of different strategies; including the deployment of trainee specialist registrars to combat hospitals, more focused pre-deployment military surgery training courses, and wet

  3. Stability Operations and Government: An Inherently Military Function

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-25

    Maslow , “A Theory of Human Motivation,” Psychological Review 50 ( 1943 ): 370-96. 31 Bailey, 7-8. 32 Maslow , 370-96. 33 I. William Zartman, ed...Education in The Philippines, member of the AEF Staff in 1919 Siberia, and President of the University of California, told the 1943 School of Military...Endnotes 1 Richard Van Wagenen, “The Richard W. Van Wagenen Papers,” Course Materials from the 1943 class at the School of Military Government

  4. The supply of pharmaceuticals in humanitarian assistance missions: implications for military operations.

    PubMed

    Mahmood, Maysaa; Riley, Kevin; Bennett, David; Anderson, Warner

    2011-08-01

    In this article, we provide an overview of key international guidelines governing the supply of pharmaceuticals during disasters and complex emergencies. We review the World Health Organization's guidelines on pharmaceutical supply chain management and highlight their relevance for military humanitarian assistance missions. Given the important role of pharmaceuticals in addressing population health needs during humanitarian emergencies, a good understanding of how pharmaceuticals are supplied at the local level in different countries can help military health personnel identify the most appropriate supply options. Familiarity with international guidelines involved in cross-border movement of pharmaceuticals can improve the ability of military personnel to communicate more effectively with other actors involved in humanitarian and development spheres. Enhancing the knowledge base available to military personnel in terms of existing supply models and funding procedures can improve the effectiveness of humanitarian military operations and invite policy changes necessary to establish more flexible acquisition and funding regulations.

  5. The supply of pharmaceuticals in humanitarian assistance missions: implications for military operations.

    PubMed

    Mahmood, Maysaa; Riley, Kevin; Bennett, David; Anderson, Warner

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we provide an overview of key international guidelines governing the supply of pharmaceuticals during disasters and complex emergencies. We review the World Health Organization?s guidelines on pharmaceutical supply chain management and highlight their relevance for military humanitarian assistance missions. Given the important role of pharmaceuticals in addressing population health needs during humanitarian emergencies, a good understanding of how pharmaceuticals are supplied at the local level in different countries can help military health personnel identify the most appropriate supply options. Familiarity with international guidelines involved in cross-border movement of pharmaceuticals can improve the ability of military personnel to communicate more effectively with other actors involved in humanitarian and development spheres. Enhancing the knowledge base available to military personnel in terms of existing supply models and funding procedures can improve the effectiveness of humanitarian military operations and invite policy changes necessary to establish more flexible acquisition and funding regulations.

  6. The Soviet Military Views Operation Desert Storm: A Preliminary Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-09-23

    prevent such a war because it will feature PGMs, DEW systems, laser beams, accelerated robotics , EW, artificial intelligence, space, automated air... Sistem ," Voennaia MysI’, No. 9, September 1990, pp.24-33. 38. "Radar Chief on Problems Posed by Stealth Planes," p. 61. 39. "Military Lessons of Gulf

  7. Military Operations Research. Summer 1994. Volume 1, Number 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-01-01

    LP2) are well- lem of allocating random search effort to a collec- represented amongst contemporary military plan- tion of cells ( Chames and Cooper...appear). Postgraduate School. Chames , A. and Cooper, W. 1958, "The Theory of Search: Optimum Distribution of Search Effort," Management Science, 5, pp. 44

  8. RLG Military Operations and Activities in the Laotian Panhandle

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-01-01

    95 Reduction of Royal Lao Military Strength .. ........ 97 vii...Trams, were under the control 2of the 559th Transportation Group. Most main Binh Trams were composed of engineer, transportation, medical, anti- aircraft ...River to the Cambodia border. Laotian soldiers at the observation posts on the high ground along the rim of the Bolovens Plateau could hear the noise

  9. American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-14

    907) 428-6007, craig.campbell2@us.army.mil American Samoa Attorney General Sialega Malaetasi Togafau, America Samoa Government, P.O. Box 7, Pago ... Pago , AS 96799, (684) 633-4163 Arizona Major General David P. Rataczak, Emergency and Military Affairs Department, 5636 East McDowell Road, Phoenix

  10. Guide to Nongovernmental Organizations for the Military. A primer for the military about private, voluntary, and nongovernmental organizations operating in humanitarian emergencies globally

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    and De ni ons 6 Security assistance Peace operations Peace Operations Civil-military operations centers Civil- Military Operations USG Guidance...2007 (millions of US$) Sector United States Development Assistance Countries USG % of Total Educa on $841.41 $8,430.38 10 Health $1,135.03...International Aid InterAction Membership Directory, 2000�—2001 Global Work: Guide to Volunteer, Internship and Fellowship Opportunities Escape to Freedom

  11. [Arthroscopic therapy of ankle joint impingement syndrome after operation of ankle joint fracture dislocation].

    PubMed

    Feng, Zhibin; Mi, Kun; Wei, Renzhi; Liu, Wu; Wang, Bin

    2011-07-01

    To study the operative procedure and the effectiveness of arthroscopic therapy for ankle joint impingement syndrome after operation of ankle joint fracture dislocation. Between March 2008 and April 2010, 38 patients with ankle joint impingement syndrome after operation of ankle joint fracture dislocation were treated. Among them, there were 28 males and 10 females with an average age of 28 years (range, 18 to 42 years). The time from internal fixation to admission was 12-16 months (mean, 13.8 months). There were pressing pain in anterolateral and anterior ankle. The dorsal extension ranged from -20 to -5 degrees (mean, -10.6 degrees), and the palmar flexion was 30-40 degrees (mean, 35.5 degrees). The total score was 48.32 +/- 9.24 and the pain score was 7.26 +/- 1.22 before operation according to American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle and hindfoot score system. The X-ray films showed osteophyte formation in anterior tibia and talus; MRI showed cartilage injury in 22 cases. Arthroscopic intervention included removing osteophytes, debriding fabric scars and synovial membrane tissues, and removing osteochondral fragments. Arthroscopic microfracture technique was used in 22 patients with cartilage injury. All incisions healed primarily. Thirty-eight cases were followed up 10-26 months (mean, 16 months). At last follow-up, 26 patients had normal range of motion (ROM); the dorsal extension was 15-25 degrees (mean, 19.6 degrees) and the palmar flexion was 35-45 degrees (mean, 40.7 degrees). Eight patients had mild limited ROM; the dorsal extension was 5-15 degrees (mean, 7.2 degrees) and the palmar flexion was 35-45 degrees (mean, 39.5 degrees). Four patients had mild limited ROM and pain in posterior portion of the ankle after a long walking (3-4 hours); the dorsal extension was 0-5 degrees (mean, 2.6 degrees) and the palmar flexion was 35-40 degrees (mean, 37.5 degrees). The total score was 89.45 +/- 9.55 and the pain score was 1.42 +/- 1.26 after

  12. Integration of Special Operations Forces into the Joint Targeting Process

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-01-01

    INTEGRATION OF SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES INTO THE JOINT TARGETING PROCESS A thesis presented to the Faculty of the U. S . Army Command and General...B. S ., Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 1991 Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 2003 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited...CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR( S ) Hester, Johnny, L 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7

  13. Decision making: operative versus nonoperative treatment of acromioclavicular joint injuries.

    PubMed

    Bradley, James P; Elkousy, Hussein

    2003-04-01

    The classification system devised by Allman and Tossy, and revised by Rockwood, defines the extent of injury to the AC joint and helps to guide management of AC joint injuries [1,4,6]. In general, type I and II injuries may be treated nonoperatively with a sling, mainly for comfort, for a short period of time. Once this is removed, strength and motion are regained with rehabilitation. Patients typically have manageable long-term symptoms without any intervention, but some may require a steroid injection or distal clavicle excision for chronic pain from degenerative changes at the AC joint due to the injury. On the other end of the spectrum, type IV, V, and VI injuries nearly always require operative intervention. The surgical procedures for these injuries are performed in the acute phase if possible to minimize symptoms and maximize long-term function. Type III injuries are the center of the controversy for management of AC joint injuries. No perfect study exists which demonstrates clear superiority of surgical or nonsurgical treatment. Most of the studies in the literature support nonoperative treatment for most patients, however. Yet, other factors must be considered, including the patient's occupation and physical demands as well as the age of the injury. Overhead athletes and manual laborers place high demands on their shoulders, prompting some authors to consider acute surgical management for these patients. We, on the other hand, agree with the current consensus opinion that all type III injuries should initially be treated conservatively, regardless of occupation. The only advantage to operative intervention consistently borne out in the literature is an increased probability of anatomic reduction. There is no correlation between reduction and improvement in pain, strength, or motion, however. These patients usually are able to return to full sport with no deficits if rehabilitation is emphasized. For those patients who fail conservative management, a

  14. Dengue and US military operations from the Spanish-American War through today.

    PubMed

    Gibbons, Robert V; Streitz, Matthew; Babina, Tatyana; Fried, Jessica R

    2012-04-01

    Dengue is a major cause of illness among travelers and a threat to military troops operating in areas to which it is endemic. Before and during World War II, dengue frequently occurred in US military personnel in Asia and the South Pacific. From the 1960s into the 1990s, dengue often occurred in US troops in Vietnam, the Philippines, Somalia, and Haiti. We found attack rates as high as 80% and periods of convalescence up to 3-1/2 weeks beyond the acute illness. The increase in dengue throughout the world suggests that it will remain a problem for military personnel until an effective vaccine is licensed.

  15. Program for Research on Dietary Supplements in Military Operations and Healthcare Metabolically Optimized Brain - JWF

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-01

    minerals (17.9%), combination products (9.1%), and herbal supplements (8.3%).7 Reasons for DS use among military members were to improve health (64...Alcohol; Vitamins / Minerals / Antioxidants / Dietary supplements (not specified); Herbal Medicine (Subsets: Ginseng and Gingko Biloba); Diet...AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-13-1-0068 TITLE: Program for Research on Dietary Supplements In Military Operations and Healthcare Metabolically

  16. The Art and Science of Psychological Operations: Case Studies of Military Application. Volume Two

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-04-01

    Councils and a PSYOP Research Guide . M-61 ~ x -X 5 II OZAKI, Career Military officer ; assigned to Depart- John ment of Army (1969); served with ASA, head...for all crew members and officers in the form of cards and physical conditioning exercises. One sequence of pictures illus- trates the medical care ...casebook. Vt has been prepared in response to a request from the Office of the p uuty Chief of Staff for Military Operations, Department of the Army

  17. Military Bankers: Fact or Fiction? The Role of the Military in Reestablishing a Banking System during a Military Stability Operation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-10

    Framework,‖ New Partnership for Africa’s Development, June 2005, http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/ lib.nsf/db900sid/ PANA -794D7A/$file/nepad-jun2005.pdf...out that because the military used US Dollars on a large scale , the Afghan population was reluctant to trade in Afghan currency. Spending by the...NEPAD Secretariat. ―African Post-Conflict Reconstruction Policy Framework.‖ June 2005. http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/lib.nsf/db900sid/ PANA -794D7A/$file

  18. DARPA Workshop on Geothermal Energy for Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-01

    document is printed on 30% post-consumer recycled paper and is 100% recyclable. iii DARPA Workshop on Geothermal Energy for Military...describe ongoing federal support for geothermal energy research and development (R&D).  In Chapter 4, we report the main technical findings of the...Department of Energy (DOE) is the primary source of geothermal research funding in the federal government. Over the past few years, geothermal

  19. Military Engineer Contribution to Operational Art: The Hybrid Threat Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-22

    2 Thomas Huber, "Compound Warfare: A Conceptual Framework ," in Compound Warfare: That Fatal Knot, ed. Thomas M...4-7. 9 The decisive-shaping-sustaining framework is a conceptual representation for military planners and commanders to direct tactical...2010): 441-455. Huber, Thomas. "Compound Warfare: A Conceptual Framework ," in Compound Warfare: That Fatal Knot, ed. Thomas M. Huber. Fort

  20. American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-02

    memorialized in ABMC cemeteries overseas. The database allows searching by name, conflict (beginning with World War I), branch of service, unit number...state of entry, cemetery or memorial, and date of death. http://www.abmc.gov/search-abmc-burials-and-memorializations World War II Military...ABMC cemeteries overseas. The database allows searching by name, conflict (beginning with World War I), branch of service, unit number, state of entry

  1. Merdeka: Dutch military operations in Indonesia (1945-1950)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-26

    Dutch military capabilities; and the training and experience of the army leaders both in colonial and regular ‘European’ warfare. Dutch forces were...not able to prevail over the Indonesians, but were strong enough to resist being expelled. Although Dutch forces could control the towns and cities in... training and senior commanders make it impossible for this army to be formidable as anything but a force for guerrilla warfare and small scale raids

  2. Media Access to United States Military Operations: Grenada and Beyond

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    cultural revolution and intense social discord and change. The media were simply reflecting what was happening in the rest of American society. 58 The...and the marines were about to depart. On November 1, the JIB opened an office at the Grenada Beach Hotel and for the next four days more than one...pool is designed to provide access for the media and to accommodate their needs, while ensuring security for the military. 69 TR NATIAL MEIA QkL The

  3. 76 FR 41307 - NASA Advisory Council; Space Operations Committee and Exploration Committee; Joint Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-13

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION NASA Advisory Council; Space Operations Committee and Exploration Committee; Joint... and Space Administration announces a joint meeting of the Space Operations Committee and Exploration... CONTACT: Dr. Bette Siegel, Exploration Systems Mission Directorate, National Aeronautics and...

  4. Ensuring Operational Access: Leveraging Engineering Contractors in the Pacific

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-21

    SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14. ABSTRACT The Joint Operational Access Concept (JOAC) and Joint Concept for Entry Operations (JCEO) outline the specific...Operational Access Concept (JOAC) and Joint Concept for Entry Operations (JCEO) outline the specific operational requirements for gaining and...COMUSMACV Commander of US Military Assistance Command-Vietnam CPNAB Contractors Pacific Naval Air Bases FM Field Manual JCEO Joint Concept for Entry

  5. Rapid Operational Access and Maneuver Support (ROAMS) Platform for Improved Military Logistics Lines of Communication and Operational Vessel Routing

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-06-01

    demonstrate the Rapid Operational Access and Maneuver Support (ROAMS) v2.0 computational scripting/ application program interface (API) platform. ROAMS...typically lack the capability to translate those measurements into applicable decisions (U.S. Transportation Command 2016). Military operational ...Communication and Operational Vessel Routing. ERDC/CHL CHETN-IX-45. Vicksburg, MS: U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center. http://dx.doi.org

  6. Military Review: Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-09-01

    personnel and equipment in enormous quanti- BRIGHT STAR, QUICK FORCE, BLUE ties, flying all hours of the day and night to help FLAG and RED FLAG paved the...play of US determination and flexibility. Noth- 18 September 1991 * MILITARY REVIEW ""- - , ". A B-62 flying low over the PyramIkds dl . .~-. BRIGHT STAR...multisource al flying . communications capability had to be built from The challenges associated with the bed-down the ground up to tie the coalition

  7. Contractors on Deployed Military Operations: United Kingdom Policy and Doctrine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    defense outsourcing statistics indicates that the MoD most closely matches DoD trends. As Figure 1 shows, the number of UK MoD “ public private partnerships ” (PPP...International Statistics on Public Private Partnerships (PPP) in Defense. with the premise that “there are no military core competencies, and that all...and scope of MoD’s “ public private partnerships ” program. The second analyses the premises underpinning the “government orthodoxy” and the

  8. Military Operations: The Harmful Effects of Hubris Influenced Leaders

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-20

    loc =2.1.1 10. Barbara W. Tuchman, The March of Folly: from Troy to Vietnam (New York: Ballantine Books, 1985): 46. 11. John Jones, On Aristotle...Oxford Journals, 6 May 2009. http://brain.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2009/02/12/brain.awp008.full 16. Valerie Petit and Helen Bollaert...www.nytimes.com/2013/04/14/us/militarys-top-officers- face-review-of-their-character.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0 60. Valerie Petit and Helen Bollaert, “Flying too

  9. Joint Service Operational Requirement for the Protective Mask

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-20

    8217) Cmdt, Marine CO1-DS (RD)(OTOS)(LMC-3) CSAF CRDQLM) CINC USAREUR & Seventh Am~y (AEAGC-NC) USAREDCOM (j5E) Cdr USA CA CD Acty (ATCA-CS) USA Log Cen...Agency National Security Agency (D-9𔃻) USAMP&CS/TC&FM (ATZN- CA ) (ATZN-CM-CDM) USA Foreign Science & Tech Cen (DRXST-PO) USA Log Eval Agcy * Naval Sea...pertinalReqireentfortheProec iveMsLW~. USA nf Sh ( TSH -D) 101C1 1970 JOINT OPERATIONAL REQtIREKENT FOR PROTECTIVE MASK 1. Description of Need: a.This

  10. Joint Center for Operational Analysis Journal. Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2007

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-09-01

    Transformation of the Joint Lessons Learned Program ,” by Mr. Mike Barker, looks at the development of the program from the earliest Government Accountability...the Joint Lessons Learned Program ................................................... 42 JCOA Journal, September 2007vi JCOA Journal, September 2007...JCOA Journal, September 200742 The Transformation of the Joint Lessons Learned Program Mike Barker, Joint Center for Operational Analysis Executive

  11. Managing Safety and Operations: The Effect of Joint Management System Practices on Safety and Operational Outcomes.

    PubMed

    Tompa, Emile; Robson, Lynda; Sarnocinska-Hart, Anna; Klassen, Robert; Shevchenko, Anton; Sharma, Sharvani; Hogg-Johnson, Sheilah; Amick, Benjamin C; Johnston, David A; Veltri, Anthony; Pagell, Mark

    2016-03-01

    The aim of this study was to determine whether management system practices directed at both occupational health and safety (OHS) and operations (joint management system [JMS] practices) result in better outcomes in both areas than in alternative practices. Separate regressions were estimated for OHS and operational outcomes using data from a survey along with administrative records on injuries and illnesses. Organizations with JMS practices had better operational and safety outcomes than organizations without these practices. They had similar OHS outcomes as those with operations-weak practices, and in some cases, better outcomes than organizations with safety-weak practices. They had similar operational outcomes as those with safety-weak practices, and better outcomes than those with operations-weak practices. Safety and operations appear complementary in organizations with JMS practices in that there is no penalty for either safety or operational outcomes.

  12. The Military Leaders Survey: NATO Military Leaders’ Perspectives on Psychological Support on Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-01

    France. E-mail: phil.arvers@free.fr Capt Psy José Puente Inspección General de Sanidad-Unidad de Psicologia [Joint Medical Office-Unit of...health professionals ( social workers, psychiatric nurses, psychologists), chaplains, and medical professionals. Many nations also mentioned relying on...homecoming procedure.” Along the same lines, another respondent noted it would be good “…to have psychologists present at a social event 3 months after

  13. Space Situational Awareness in the Joint Space Operations Center

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wasson, M.

    2011-09-01

    Flight safety of orbiting resident space objects is critical to our national interest and defense. United States Strategic Command has assigned the responsibility for Space Situational Awareness (SSA) to its Joint Functional Component Command - Space (JFCC SPACE) at Vandenberg Air Force Base. This paper will describe current SSA imperatives, new developments in SSA tools and developments in Defensive Operations. Current SSA processes are being examined to capture, and possibly improve, tasking of SSN sensors and "new" space-based sensors, "common" conjunction assessment methodology, and SSA sharing due to the growth seen over the last two years. The stand-up of a Defensive Ops Branch will highlight the need for advanced analysis and collaboration across space, weather, intelligence, and cyber specialties. New developments in SSA tools will be a description of computing hardware/software upgrades planned as well as the use of User-Defined Operating Pictures and visualization applications.

  14. Military aviators, special operations forces, and causal malaria prophylaxis.

    PubMed

    Chambers, James A

    2003-12-01

    U.S. military aviators are currently restricted to the use of chloroquine or doxycycline for malaria prophylaxis. Ground forces are allowed the additional option of taking mefloquine. These medications are begun before deployment, must be taken for 4 weeks after leaving the malarious area, and primaquine must be added to the regimen the last 2 of those 4 weeks. Compliance with this regimen is often poor, especially in populations who travel abroad frequently for short periods of time. Causal malaria prophylaxis offers potential benefits of decreased length of postdeployment regimens and obviates the need for a second medication for terminal prophylaxis. Potential obstacles include adverse drug reactions, cost, and rapid development of resistance to new medications by Plasmodium species, which should be weighed against the risks to health and mission success in each deployment.

  15. Interagency Coordination in Military Operations Other Than War Implications for the U.S. Army,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-01-01

    Children’s Emergency Fund UNITAF United Task Force XV11 UNMIH USACOM USAID USCENTCOM USIA USLO UN Mission in Haiti U.S. Atlantic Command U.S...ORH) in Somalia, Operation Support Hope (OSH) in Rwanda, and Operation Uphold Democracy (OUD) in Haiti . U.S. military efforts in each operation...additional responsibilities. In Haiti , for example, the Justice Department initially agreed to assume responsibility for helping to rebuild that country’s

  16. Environmental Impact Analysis Process. Environmental Impact Statement. Supersonic Flight Operations in the Reserve Military Operations Area, Holloman AFB, New Mexico

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-09-01

    mexicanus Muskrat Ondatra zibethica OLD WORLD RATS AND MICE MURIDAE Black Rat Rattus rattus House Mouse Mus musculus PORCUPINE ERETHIZONIDAE 5 Porcupine...carpet was a band about 16 feet wide parallel to the curved flight track. At the point where the overpressure is twice the nominal carpet, the width...iEFER TO: AS3 mU BJECT: Environmental Impact Statement - Supersonic Flight Operations in the Reserve Military Operations Area, Holloman AFB, New Mexico

  17. Experimental Setup to Assess Blast and Penetration-Induced Secondary Debris in a Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-11-01

    in a Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) Environment by Paul S Duvall Approved for public release; distribution...MOUT) Environment by Paul S Duvall Weapons and Materials Research Directorate, ARL Approved for public release...Induced Secondary Debris in a Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) Environment 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM

  18. Joint Lead-Free Solder Test Program for High Reliability Military and Space Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brown, Christina

    2004-01-01

    Current and future space and defense systems face potential risks from the continued use of tin-lead solder, including: compliance with current environmental regulations, concerns about potential environmental legislation banning lead-containing products, reduced mission readiness, and component obsolescence with lead surface finishes. For example, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) has lowered the Toxic Chemical Release reporting threshold for lead to 100 pounds. Overseas, the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) and the Restriction on Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Dicctives in Europe and similar mandates in Japan have instilled concern that a legislative body will prohibit the use of lead in aerospace/military electronics soldering. Any potential banning of lead compounds could reduce the supplier base and adversely affect the readiness of missions led by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). Before considering lead-free electronics for system upgrades or future designs, however, it is important for the DoD and NASA to know whether lead-free solders can meet their systems' requirements. No single lead-free solder is likely to qualify for all defense and space applications. Therefore, it is important to validate alternative solders for discrete applications. As a result of the need for comprehensive test data on the reliability of lead-free solders, a partnership was formed between the DoD, NASA, and several original equipment manufactures (OEMs) to conduct solder-joint reliability (laboratory) testing of three lead-free solder alloys on newly manufactured and reworked circuit cards to generate performance data for high-reliability (IPC Class 3) applications.

  19. Optimizing Unity of Effort During Humanitarian Assistance Operations: Civil-Military Operations Centers "Inside and Outside the Wire"

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    mission and avoids working at cross-purposes to achieve unity of effort.൭ In Operation RESTORE HOPE: Summary Report. D. J. Zvijac and K. W. McGrady...Draft (Joint Pub 5-00.2) (Washington D.C: March 19, 1996), IX-37. 35 Seiple, 173. 36 Davis, 54. 37 JP 3-08,111-24. 19 38 David J. Zvijac and...Policy." February 7, 1994. Joint Warfighting Center Peace Operations CD-ROM. Ft. Monroe, VA: Joint Warfighting Center, June 1997. Zvijac , David J

  20. Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Club Restaurant Operations, Part I, 9-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Army Quartermaster School, Ft. Lee, VA.

    These reading materials, self-test reviews, and examination for part 1 of a secondary-postsecondary subcourse in club management operations are one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in civilian settings. Five lessons focusing on two topics are included…

  1. Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Club Restaurant Operations, Part II, 9-10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Army Quartermaster School, Ft. Lee, VA.

    These programmed instructional materials for part 2 of a secondary-postsecondary subcourse in club management operations are one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in civilian settings. This part of the subcourse consists of three lessons and an…

  2. Data-Driven Modeling of Target Human Behavior in Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-12

    Military Operations Elizabeth Mezzacappa, Ph.D. Gordon Cooke, MEME Gladstone Reid, MSBMS Robert DeMarco, MSBMS Charles Sheridan BA John...stress, and human behavior modeling and simulation issues. GORDON COOKE, MEME , is a Principal Investigator at the TBRL. He was also a Chief

  3. 48 CFR 246.270 - Safety of facilities, infrastructure, and equipment for military operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Safety of facilities, infrastructure, and equipment for military operations. 246.270 Section 246.270 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY...

  4. An Examination of Overt Offensive Military Operations Outside of Combat Zones

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-12-01

    The Hunt for Pancho Villa ................................................................21 4. Modern Offensive Operations...Richard H. Schultz, Jr., calls the "Somalia syndrome .൲ E. SUMMARY Concerns and misconceptions about the moral and legal use of military forces, use...42 The "Somalia Syndrome " is where the administration, fearing an embarrassment like the battle of Mogadishu, is wary of preemptive special

  5. Split Personality: Assessing the Potential for Organizational Identity in Reinforcing U.S. Military Jointness

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-07-17

    their identity and therefore 17 Maurice Matloff and Edwin M. Snell , Strategic Planning for Coalition...Administration, 1900- 1963 (Washington, DC: Center of Military History, 1975), 71-74; Laurent, 14; Matloff and Snell , 161, 194, 352. 17 Locher...Edwin M. Snell . Strategic Planning for Coalition Warfare, 1941- 1942. Washington, DC: Center of Military History, 1986. Millis, Walter

  6. Professional Military Ethics Education and Core Character Values in the Joint Profession of Arms

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-01-01

    Military ( Hastings - on - Hudson , NY: Institute of Society, Ethics and the Life Sciences, 1982), 19. CHAPTER 6 CONCLUSION Higher...Stromberg, Peter L., Malham M. Wakin and Daniel Callahan. The Teaching of Ethics in the Military. Hastings - on - Hudson , New York: Institute of Society

  7. Search comparison in the infrared spectra for military operations in the urban terrain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Devitt, Nicole M.; Flug, Eric; Moyer, Steve K.; Miller, Brian; Wilson, David L.

    2004-08-01

    This research compares target detection in the longwave and midwave spectral bands in urban environments. The Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate (NVESD) imaged one hundred scenes at several Army Military Operations in the Urban Terrain (MOUT) sites during day and night. Images were resized to make the field-of-view (FOV) for each scene approximately the same. These images were then presented in a time-limited search perception experiment using military observers. Probabilities of detection were compared between the two spectral bands. Results from MOUT search were compared with previous modeling efforts.

  8. Combat Readiness for the Modern Military Surgeon: Data from a Decade of Combat Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    Pusateri AE, Holcomb JB. A special report on the chitosan -based hemostatic dressing : experience in current combat operations. J Trauma. 2006;60:655...scientific advances have occurred, such as advancement in tourniquet use, he- mostatic dressings , renal replacement therapy, and endovas- cular...prepare capable military surgeons, predeployment training must involve an analysis of wounds and patterns seen in current operations and must be revised to

  9. Challenges to Military Operations in Support of U.S. Interests. Volume 2: Main Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-01

    enhance the capabilities of general -purpose forces to operate in an environment where WMD have been used. Further, the ability to operate in and...more generally , seemed sufficient to protect the homeland from attack. This complacency was shattered along with the World Trade Center in 2001. In... generally results in compliance. Defend allies. Direct engagement by U.S. military force may be required to defend its allies and their worthy

  10. Improving Information Operations with a Military Cultural Analyst

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    marketing – marketing is a holistic process that coordinates the functions of multiple activities, commonly referred to as the marketing mix .39 In reality...information operations. In fact, analysis of the elements of the marketing process – the target market and the marketing mix – provides the IO planner with...two distinct tools by which to improve the planning and execution of information operations. First, the study of the marketing mix , the four

  11. Assessing the service quality of Iran military hospitals: Joint Commission International standards and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) technique

    PubMed Central

    Bahadori, Mohammadkarim; Ravangard, Ramin; Yaghoubi, Maryam; Alimohammadzadeh, Khalil

    2014-01-01

    Background: Military hospitals are responsible for preserving, restoring and improving the health of not only armed forces, but also other people. According to the military organizations strategy, which is being a leader and pioneer in all areas, providing quality health services is one of the main goals of the military health care organizations. This study was aimed to evaluate the service quality of selected military hospitals in Iran based on the Joint Commission International (JCI) standards and comparing these hospitals with each other and ranking them using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) technique in 2013. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional and descriptive study conducted on five military hospitals, selected using the purposive sampling method, in 2013. Required data collected using checklists of accreditation standards and nominal group technique. AHP technique was used for prioritizing. Furthermore, Expert Choice 11.0 was used to analyze the collected data. Results: Among JCI standards, the standards of access to care and continuity of care (weight = 0.122), quality improvement and patient safety (weight = 0.121) and leadership and management (weight = 0.117) had the greatest importance, respectively. Furthermore, in the overall ranking, BGT (weight = 0.369), IHM (0.238), SAU (0.202), IHK (weight = 0.125) and SAB (weight = 0.066) ranked first to fifth, respectively. Conclusion: AHP is an appropriate technique for measuring the overall performance of hospitals and their quality of services. It is a holistic approach that takes all hospital processes into consideration. The results of the present study can be used to improve hospitals performance through identifying areas, which are in need of focus for quality improvement and selecting strategies to improve service quality. PMID:25250364

  12. Requirements for a Joint Terminal Attack Controller Primary Military Occupational Specialty in the Post-OEF Marine Corps

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-01

    8217 REPORT TYPE Master of Military Studies Research Paper September 201 0 - April 2011 !4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE REQUIREMENTS FOR A JOINT TERMINAL ATTACK...numbers as they appear in the report, e.g. 001; . AFAPL304801 0 ~. 6. AUTHOR(S). Enter name(s) of person(s) responsible for writing the report...Party (TACP) school.· The Marine TACP school is a four week course attended primarily by mid-grade 0 -3 aviators, E-5 or E-6 and some 2 0 -3 artillery

  13. Thirteenth Century Mongol Warfare: Classical Military Strategy of Operational Art?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-05-05

    two arguments. The first purports that operational art emerged with the industrial revolution. Union General Ulysses S. Grant’s 1864-65 campaign during...wage war. T= CZUAL EUROPEA CAMPAIGN (1241, Genghis Khan died in 1227, but his successors carried on his method of warfare with extraordinary skill

  14. Operational Encirclements: Can the United States Military Decisively Follow Through?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-21

    Office, 1991. Heller, Charles E. and Stofft, William A. America’s First Battles, 1776-1965. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1986. Hooker ...is the secret of successful war.”12 Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson ...operation was planned and designed by General William Westmoreland as a spoiling attack against three NVA regiments in order to prevent a planned

  15. Hernia operations using laparoscopic hernioplasty on military personnel with a short hospitalization time.

    PubMed

    Demirbas, Sezai; Ogun, Ibrahim; Akta, Osman; Kurt, Yavuz; Yildiz, Mehmet; Akin, M Levhi; Celenk, Tuncay

    2003-10-01

    Laparoscopic hernioplasty was performed by either transabdominal preperitoneal or totally extraperitoneal approaches, The purpose of this study was to demonstrate that laparoscopic hernioplasty is a way to treat military personnel in the army with less pain and for the patients to return to an active lifestyle in a short time. A total of 217 laparoscopic hernioplasty were performed in 192 patients. Eighty-eight hernias were operated by transabdominal preperitoneal and the 146 hernias were operated by totally extraperitoneal approach hernioplasty. The mean +/- SD operation times were 69.4 +/- 23.94 and 58.3 +/- 24.13 minutes for the transabdominal preperitoneal and the totally extraperitoneal approach, respectively (p = 0.42). Postoperative pain was monitored by the visual analog scale. Hospitalization time for patients without complications was significantly shorter (p = 0.02). Laparoscopic hernioplasty could be performed on military personnel who need to return to work quickly with a short hospitalization time, less pain, and lower recurrence rate.

  16. Joint road safety operations in tunnels and open roads

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adesiyun, Adewole; Avenoso, Antonio; Dionelis, Kallistratos; Cela, Liljana; Nicodème, Christophe; Goger, Thierry; Polidori, Carlo

    2017-09-01

    The objective of the ECOROADS project is to overcome the barrier established by the formal interpretation of the two Directives 2008/96/EC and 2004/54/EC, which in practice do not allow the same Road Safety Audits/Inspections to be performed inside tunnels. The projects aims at the establishment of a common enhanced approach to road infrastructure and tunnel safety management by using the concepts and criteria of the Directive 2008/96/CE on road infrastructure safety management and the results of related European Commission (EC) funded projects. ECOROADS has already implemented an analysis of national practices regarding Road Safety Inspections (RSI), two Workshops with the stakeholders, and an exchange of best practices between European tunnel experts and road safety professionals, which led to the definition of common agreed safety procedures. In the second phase of the project, different groups of experts and observers applied the above common procedures by inspecting five European road sections featuring both open roads and tunnels in Belgium, Albania, Germany, Serbia and Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. This paper shows the feedback of the 5 joint safety operations and how they are being used for a set of - recommendations and guidelines for the application of the RSA and RSI concepts within the tunnel safety operations.

  17. Gunshot wounds in military working dogs in Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom: 29 cases (2003-2009).

    PubMed

    Baker, Janice L; Havas, Karyn A; Miller, Laura A; Lacy, Ward A; Schlanser, Justin

    2013-01-01

    To describe the patient population, injuries, and treatment received on the battlefield, and ultimate outcome of U.S. military working dogs that incurred gunshot wound (GSW) injury in Operation Enduring Freedom (Afghanistan) or Operation Iraqi Freedom (Iraq). Retrospective study between January 2003 and December 2009. Twenty-nine military working dogs from the U.S. military with confirmed GSW injuries incurred in combat in Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom. None. Clinical data from battlefield treatment, which includes care from the point of injury through arrival to, but not including, a designated veterinary treatment facility. Twenty-nine dogs were injured between 2003 and 2009. All but one of the injuries were from high caliber, high velocity weapons. Of the 29 injured dogs, 11 survived the injuries and 18 died (38% survival rate). Of the dogs that died, all but 1 died from catastrophic nonsurvivable injuries before treatment or evacuation could be instituted. The thorax was the most common site of injury (50%) followed by extremity wounds (46%). The leading cause of death from GSWs was from thoracic wounds, followed by head wounds. Dogs with extremity wounds as their only injury were most likely to survive, and dogs with multiple injuries were least likely to survive. All surviving dogs received treatment at the point of injury by military medics and dog handlers consistent with Tactical Combat Casualty Care guidelines for combat injuries in human service members. Of the 11 that survived, all dogs returned to full duty with subsequent deployment to combat zones. Location of wounds and injury severity at the time of presentation to veterinary care was not correlated with length of time until return to duty. © Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society 2012.

  18. Roles of the Military Dietitian in Combat Operations and Humanitarian Assistance-Professional Development and Utilization.

    PubMed

    Story, Kerryn L; Bukhari, Asma S; Bovill, Maria

    2016-10-01

    Military dietitians have long been valued members of the health care team, called on for their expertise as early as World War I. However, in the more recent conflicts over the past two decades, their role in health care delivery as a component of medical stability operations has been largely undefined. The purpose of this study was to explore the types of missions supported by U.S. military dietitians and characterize any unique competencies critical to their success during these missions using an online questionnaire. Sixty-five military dietitians responded to an online questionnaire and 49 (75%) shared their deployment experiences, lessons learned, and recommendations for future training based on 57 deployments from 1975 to 2014. Results indicated that during these deployments nutrition- and dietetics-related competencies were capitalized along with staff positions in support of combat and humanitarian operations. The majority (n = 24; 51%) valued mentorship as a useful resource before deployments followed by field experience (45%) and Web-based training (43%). The authors propose standardized formal training for military dietitians aimed at increasing strategic level awareness of partnerships and collaborations between U.S. Government and interagency organizations; these associations are vital for sustained synchronization of global health efforts.

  19. 21st Century Military Operations in a Complex Electromagnetic Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-07-01

    addressing needs that are key to operating in a complex electromagnetic environment— dynamically managing use of the spectrum , achieving near real...emerged in the course of the study: • First is the need to dynamically manage use of the electromagnetic spectrum . The U.S. lacks not only current...in three separate areas: 1) the need to manage use of the electromagnetic spectrum far better and more dynamically than today; 2) the need to adapt

  20. Are We Winning? A Brief History of Military Operations Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-01

    classified database (called the Combined Information Data Network Exchange, or CIDNE).68 Operations analysts at MNF -I and MNC-I led this effort, and CIDNE...West ( MNF -W) in 2007, for example, relied on more qualitative methods involving the use of standards. These standards were defined for a number of...of MNF -W.69 EBA tended to devalue such qualitative inputs as necessarily subjective and therefore less reliable. However, as the limitations of

  1. Toward the Effective Use of Military Veterinarians in Stability Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    civilian agencies. • Develop and conduct monitoring and evaluation to identify and act upon “lessons learned.” x Toward the Effective Use of...the veterinary community). – Formal training related to interagency coordination prior to deployment. 6. Lack of (required) monitoring and evaluation , to...inform future stability operations: • DoDD 3000.05 requires monitoring and evaluation of projects to estimate progress toward a goal

  2. Military Operations. Actions Needed to Improve DOD’s Stability Operations Approach and Enhance Interagency Planning

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-05-01

    Guidance for Implementing Surface Ship Rotational Crewing, GAO-05-10 (Washington, D.C.: Nov 10, 2004); Chemical Weapons: Lessons Learned Program Generally...being captured. The department’s Joint Lessons Learned Program is a federation of separate lessons-learned organizations embedded within the Joint...but Not Incorporated into Plans The various organizations in the Joint Lessons Learned Program focus on capturing lessons learned at the strategic

  3. Use of eternal flight unmanned aircraft in military operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kök, Zafer

    2014-06-01

    Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), are planned to use solar energy, are being more common and interesting gradually. Today, these systems are very promising while fossil fuels are diminishing rapidly. Academic research is still being conducted to develop unmanned aerial systems which will store energy during day time and use it during night time. Development of unmanned aerial systems, which have eternal flight or very long loiter periods, could be possible by such an energy management. A UAV, which can fly very long time, could provide many advantages that cannot be obtained by conventional aircrafts and satellites. Such systems can be operated as fixed satellites on missions with very low cost in circumstances that require continuous intelligence. By improving automation systems these vehicles could be settled on operation area autonomously and can be grounded easily in case of necessities and maintenance. In this article, the effect of solar powered UAV on operation area has been done a literature review, to be used in surveillance and reconnaissance missions.

  4. A Joint Forces Group: A Permanent Joint Echelon for the Operational Level of War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-05-21

    Government Printing Office, 1996), 539; A paper by Dr. William Gregor describes in some detail the development of the theater strategic level as well as...the current US command structure. William J. Gregor , Toward a Revolution in Civil-Military Affairs Understanding the United States Military in the...Jay Luvass, trans. G. H. Mendell and W.P. Craighill (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., 1862; reprint Wesport, CT: Greenwood Press, Publishers

  5. Joint Military Education: Actions Needed to Implement DOD Recommendations for Enhancing Leadership Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-10-01

    outcomes; (2) joint education continuums; (3) lifelong learning and advancements in learning technologies; and (4) faculty quality. See appendix III... educational outcomes; (2) joint education continuums; (3) lifelong learning and advancements in learning technologies; and (4) faculty quality. Several...opportunities to implement elements of lifelong learning in support of joint education . The study should examine: Current service efforts toward

  6. Civil-Military Relations: From Vietnam to Operation Iraqi Freedom

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-01

    perceptions on the war in Iraq have at times been like riding a roller coaster . The publics view on Iraq started out very high, regardless of party...cornered and killed by a U.S. operation on June 7, 2006.36 Zarqawi’s stated purpose, other than causing coalition troops to leave Iraq, was as Finer...within DOD feared that if they gave any real power to the CJCS that a Czar like position would be created and the advice given would be degraded

  7. Medical stability operations--one approach to transforming the Department of Defense Military Health System.

    PubMed

    Licina, Derek

    2012-10-01

    The Department of Defense Instruction (DoDI) 6000.16 entitled Military Health Support for Stability Operations was published in 2010 and established policy that Medical Stability Operations (MSOs) would be a core military mission. The instruction set out to institutionalize how the Military Health Support (MHS) would effectively support MSOs and assist in bridging the gap with other actors operating in the same space. What is less clear is the current status of the MHS in accomplishing the responsibilities outlined in the DoDI. Even more concerning is how these efforts will support the "new" strategic guidance for the DoD published in January 2012 that states U.S. forces will no longer be sized to conduct large-scale, prolonged stability operations. In the absence of a publicly available DoDI 6000.16 implementation strategy, this article proposes the use of an organizational transformation process developed by internationally acclaimed leadership and organizational change expert Dr. John Kotter. The eight-step process is used as a framework to explore ways to effectively transform the DoD in meeting the intent of the MSOs DoDI. The past decade has transformed how service members think about MSOs. Now is the time to transform the MHS with urgency to institutionalize these thoughts.

  8. [Military psychiatry in a theatre of operations: on mission in Mali].

    PubMed

    Colas, Marie-Dominique

    2015-01-01

    The recent missions of military psychiatrists in the theatres of operation underline the reactivity of the French healthcare system, focused on the expertise of the combat unit doctor. Operation Serval in Mali illustrates in particular the methods of medical-psychological support in exceptional situations, across a vast geographical area and in very difficult climatic conditions. The concept of "forward psychiatry" has a particularly important role to play in the early screening and treatment of psychological disorders in order to preserve the operational capacity of the deployed personnel.

  9. Energy Investments for Military Operations: For Fiscal Year 2013

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-01

    Energy Performance and  Efficiency in Operations and Training include:  generators and  microgrids  improvements;  combat vehicle improvements; an improved...Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013    15     U. S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Electrical Grid Projects.  These tactical  microgrid ...procurement for distribution in AFG   Reduce‐Hybrid 1‐2 Transportable Wind Solar. This effort deploys a solar  microgrid  to  reduce fuel consumption

  10. The Benefits of Deploying Health Physics Specialists to Joint Operation Areas.

    PubMed

    Mower, Scott; Bast, Joshua D; Myers, Margaret

    2015-01-01

    Preventive Medicine Specialists (military occupational specialty [MOS] 68S) with the health physics specialist (N4) qualification identifier possess a unique force health protection skill set. In garrison, they ensure radiation exposures to patients, occupational workers and the public from hospital activities such as radioisotope therapy and x-ray machines do not to exceed Federal law limits and kept as low as reasonably achievable. Maintaining sufficient numbers of health physics specialists (HPSs) to fill authorizations has been a consistent struggle for the Army Medical Department due to the rigorous academic requirements of the additional skill identifier-producing program. This shortage has limited MOS 68SN4 deployment opportunities in the past and prevented medical planners from recognizing the capabilities these Soldiers can bring to the fight. In 2014, for the first time, HPSs were sourced to deploy as an augmentation capability to the 172nd Preventive Medicine Detachment (PM Det), the sole PM Det supporting the Combined Joint Operations Area-Afghanistan. Considerable successes in bettering radiation safety practices and improvements in incident and accident response were achieved as a result of their deployment. The purposes of this article are to describe the mission services performed by HPSs in Afghanistan, discuss the benefits of deploying HPSs with PM Dets, and demonstrate to senior medical leadership the importance of maintaining a health physics capability in a theater environment.

  11. Military Hydrology. Report 4. Evaluation of an Automated Water Data Base for Support to the Rapid Deployment Joint Task Force (RDJTF).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-11-01

    AD-AI09 590 BATTELLE COLUMBUS LASS ON F,. 8/6 MILITARY HYDROL.OGY. REPORT 4. EVALUATION OF AM AUTOMATED WATER --ETC(U) NOV 81 H W CALKINS, T Rt...MISCELLANEOUS PAPER EL-79-6 MILITARY HYDROLOGY Report 4 EVALUATION OF AN AUTOMATED WATER DATA BASE FOR SUPPORT TO THE RAPID DEPLOYMENT JOINT TASK FORCE...Report 4, S. TYPE OF REPORT & PERIOD COVERED EVALUATION OF AN AUTOMATED WATER DATA BASE FOR Report 4 of a series SUPPORT TO THE RAPID DEPLOYMENT JOINT

  12. After the Dust Settles: The Role of the US Military in Reconstruction Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    approach for organizing US reconstruction operations and if so, what should the military role or roles be within it? If history is any reliable indicator...elected in US history and as post-war Commander of the Army had had his attention split between reconstruction and the American Indian Wars. His...American troops had perished in Okinawa in what was considered by many to be the among the worst battles of the war. 7 When the theory of the atomic bomb

  13. Exploiting Human Science Advances for Military Operations: Past Challenges & Future Vision

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-01

    6 RTO-MP-HFM-181 REFERENCES [1] Bell, D. et al. Effects of caffeine , ephedrine, and their combination on high intensity aerobic exercise...only locate, fix, and “kill” military targets, but to also do so from afar. The RMA concepts were effectively demonstrated in operations during the...use of drugs by athletes to improve their performance. 4. EXAMPLES OF POTENTIAL RESEARCH QUESTIONS LEADING TO KNOWLEDGE EXPLOITATION Creative

  14. Congressional Authority to Limit U.S. Military Operations in Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-04-24

    Carr, 369 U.S. 186, 211-12 (1962) (noting that justiciability of a foreign affairs matter is determined “in terms of the history of its management by...to a coordinate political department” the dominant factor for determining justiciability ). 140 Massachusetts v. Laird, 451 F.2d 26, 31-32 (1st Cir...duration of hostilities.”). Another court found justiciable the question of whether military operations were constitutional, proclaiming the test to

  15. Congressional Authority to Limit U.S. Military Operations in Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-07-11

    noting that justiciability of a foreign affairs matter is determined “in terms of the history of its management by the political branches, of its...the dominant factor for determining justiciability ). 171 Massachusetts v. Laird, 451 F.2d 26, 31-32 (1st Cir. 1971)(“The Congress may without...Another court found justiciable the question of whether military operations (continued...) authority as Commander in Chief.166 Nonetheless, historical

  16. Finding the Balance: U.S. Military and Future Operations (PKSOI Papers)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-01

    Latin America . Along with General James N. Mat- tis, he spearheaded the development of the FM 3-24, Counterinsurgency in 2006, the first intensive...FINDING THE BALANCE: U.S. MILITARY AND FUTURE OPERATIONS INTRODUCTION In 1755, the British Army in North America , shak- en by the defeat of General...in the complex environment of North America .1 In 1966 the U.S Army, shaken by it experience in Viet Nam transformed itself. By 1972 the Army had

  17. Defense Infrastructure: Actions Needed to Enhance Oversight of Construction Projects Supporting Military Contingency Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-01

    and Maintenance This is a work of the U.S. government and is not subject to copyright protection in the United States. The published product may be...Use to Fund Construction Projects with Military Construction (MILCON) and Operation and Maintenance (O&M) Appropriations 8 Contents...reproduced and distributed in its entirety without further permission from GAO. However, because this work may contain copyrighted images or other

  18. Human Performance Enhancement for NATO Military Operations (Science, Technology, and Ethics)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-01

    to develop a drug known as endomorphin -1 that is based on the naturally occurring pain-control compound in the human brain, but with fewer of the...side effects of morphine. Endomorphin -1 proved to be rapidly metabolized. Subsequently, an analog of endomorphin -1 was developed that has similar...Performance Enhancement for NATO Military Operations (Science, Technology, and Ethics) 34 - 6 RTO-MP-HFM-181 endomorphin analog rewarding, in

  19. Higher-level fusion for military operations based on abductive inference: proof of principle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pantaleev, Aleksandar V.; Josephson, John

    2006-04-01

    The ability of contemporary military commanders to estimate and understand complicated situations already suffers from information overload, and the situation can only grow worse. We describe a prototype application that uses abductive inferencing to fuse information from multiple sensors to evaluate the evidence for higher-level hypotheses that are close to the levels of abstraction needed for decision making (approximately JDL levels 2 and 3). Abductive inference (abduction, inference to the best explanation) is a pattern of reasoning that occurs naturally in diverse settings such as medical diagnosis, criminal investigations, scientific theory formation, and military intelligence analysis. Because abduction is part of common-sense reasoning, implementations of it can produce reasoning traces that are very human understandable. Automated abductive inferencing can be deployed to augment human reasoning, taking advantage of computation to process large amounts of information, and to bypass limits to human attention and short-term memory. We illustrate the workings of the prototype system by describing an example of its use for small-unit military operations in an urban setting. Knowledge was encoded as it might be captured prior to engagement from a standard military decision making process (MDMP) and analysis of commander's priority intelligence requirements (PIR). The system is able to reasonably estimate the evidence for higher-level hypotheses based on information from multiple sensors. Its inference processes can be examined closely to verify correctness. Decision makers can override conclusions at any level and changes will propagate appropriately.

  20. Prevalence of acute respiratory tract diseases among soldiers deployed for military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.

    PubMed

    Korzeniewski, K; Nitsch-Osuch, Aneta; Konarski, M; Guzek, A; Prokop, E; Bieniuk, K

    2013-01-01

    Respiratory diseases are one of the most common health problems among service personnel assigned to contemporary military operations which are conducted in areas characterized by adverse environmental conditions. This article reviews the results of the studies into the prevalence of acute respiratory tract diseases among soldiers of the Polish Military Contingent deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. The article also discusses a number of factors which increase the prevalence of diseases diagnosed in the population of soldiers on a military mission in different climatic and sanitary conditions. Retrospective analysis was based on medical records of Polish troops treated on an outpatient basis in Iraq in 2003-2004 (n = 871) and in Afghanistan in 2003-2005 (n = 400), 2009 (n = 2,300), and 2010 (n = 2,500). The intensity rates were calculated and were then used to calculate the prevalence of diseases per 100 persons in a given population of the military personnel. We found that acute respiratory tract diseases were one of the most common health problems treated in outpatient medical facilities in all four study populations. The incidence rate was 45.6 cases in Iraq in 2003-2004, and in Afghanistan it amounted to 61.8 in 2003-2005, 45.3 in 2009, and 54.8-100 persons in 2010. In conclusion, the prevalence of respiratory diseases was closely related to the environmental factors, such as sand and dust storms, extreme temperature changes, unsatisfactory sanitary conditions, and common disregard of basic principles concerning disease prevention.

  1. Occupational exposure of personnel operating military radio equipment: measurements and simulation.

    PubMed

    Paljanos, Annamaria; Miclaus, Simona; Munteanu, Calin

    2015-09-01

    Technical literature provides numerous studies concerning radiofrequency exposure measurements for various radio communication devices, but there are few studies related to exposure of personnel operating military radio equipment. In order to evaluate exposure and identify cases when safety requirements are not entirely met, both measurements and simulations are needed for accurate results. Moreover, given the technical characteristics of the radio devices used in the military, personnel mainly operate in the near-field region so both measurements and simulation becomes more complex. Measurements were made in situ using a broadband personal exposimeter equipped with two isotropic probes for both electric and magnetic components of the field. The experiment was designed for three different operating frequencies of the same radio equipment, while simulations were made in FEKO software using hybrid numerical methods to solve complex electromagnetic field problems. The paper aims to discuss the comparative results of the measurements and simulation, as well as comparing them to reference levels specified in military or civilian radiofrequency exposure standards.

  2. Non-battle craniomaxillofacial injuries from U.S. military operations.

    PubMed

    Madson, Andrew Q; Tucker, David; Aden, Jay; Hale, Robert G; Chan, Rodney K

    2013-12-01

    Non-battle injuries (NBIs) can be a source of significant resource utilization for the armed forces in a deployed setting. While the incidence and severity of craniomaxillofacial (CMF) battle injuries (BIs) have reportedly increased in the ongoing U.S. military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, the prevalence and the nature of NBIs are not well described. The Joint Theater Trauma Registry was queried from October 2001 to February 2011, covering Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom, for both NBIs and BIs to the CMF region. Patient demographics, injury severity score, mechanism and type of injury were included in the query. Using ICD-9 diagnosis codes, CMF injuries were classified according to type (wounds, fractures, burns, vascular injuries, and nerve injuries). Statistical analysis was performed for comparative analysis. NBIs constituted 24.3% of all patients with CMF injuries evacuated to a regional combat support hospital (CMF BIs 75.4%). These injuries were characterized by blunt trauma, most commonly motor vehicle collisions (37%), and falls (20%). As compared to CMF BIs, CMF NBIs resulted in less mortality (1.3% vs. 3.1%, p < 0.0001), fewer injuries per patient (1.87 vs. 2.26, p = 0.055), and a decreased severity score (ISS) (8.38 vs. 12.98, p < 0.0001). However, a significant percentage of CMF NBIs still required evacuation out of theater (27.8% of NBIs vs. 42.2% of BIs, p < 0.0001), depleting the combat strength of the deployed forces. CMF NBIs accounted for a substantial portion of total CMF injuries. Though characterized predominantly by blunt trauma with an overall better prognosis, its burden to the limited resources of a deployment can be significant. This descriptive study highlights the need to allocate appropriate resources for treatment of these injuries as well as strategies to reduce both its incidence and severity. IV Prognostic. Copyright © 2013 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. All rights reserved.

  3. Joint Space Operations Center (JSpOC) Mission System Increment 3 (JMS Inc 3)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-03-01

    2016 Major Automated Information System Annual Report Joint Space Operations Center (JSpOC) Mission System Increment 3 (JMS Inc 3) Defense...1725 DSN Phone: DSN Fax: Date Assigned: May 16, 2014 Program Information Program Name Joint Space Operations Center (JSpOC) Mission System...approved program baseline; therefore, no Original Estimate has been established. JMS Inc 3 2016 MAR UNCLASSIFIED 4 Program Description The Joint Space

  4. Characterization and Planning for Computer Network Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    operations, as stated in Joint doctrine [58], before military activities in the information environment can be accurately and effectively planned, the...and shared”. While doctrine 1According to the DoD Dictionary of Military Terms [60], MCOO is defined as “a joint intelligence preparation of the...battlespace product used to portray the effects of each battlespace dimension on military operations. It normally depicts militarily significant aspects of

  5. 7 CFR 795.7 - Entities or joint operations not considered as a person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... provisions of § 795.3, each individual or other legal entity who shares in the proceeds derived from farming... individual or other legal entity shares in the proceeds derived from farming by such joint operation... farming by such joint operation shall not be considered as a separate person unless the individual...

  6. Army Transportation Systems in a Twenty-First Century Joint Operational Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    Wheeled Vehicles Classification : Unclassified Five components of the U.S. Army Transportation Systems collectively meet...Army Transportation Systems in a Twenty-First Century Joint Operational Environment by Lieutenant Colonel Mark D. Stimer...Transportation Systems in a Twenty-First Century Joint Operational Environment 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER

  7. 78 FR 44436 - Safety Zone; Joint Operations Exercise, Lake Michigan, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-24

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Joint Operations Exercise, Lake Michigan... vessels from a portion of Lake Michigan due to a joint operations exercise involving the Department of... surrounding public and vessels from the hazards associated with the exercise. DATES: This rule is...

  8. In Search of Jointness: The Air Force Officer as Operational Artist,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-04-26

    identification of the enemy’s operational center of gravity, the source of his strength and power. Con- e sequently, operational art for a theater commander...identification of the enemy’s operational center of gravity, the source of his strength and power. Consequently, operational art for a theater commander involves...political objectives. Within this framework, tactics defined the process of execution--the art of translating military force into successful battles

  9. Conventional Force Modernization and the Asymmetries of Military Doctrine: Historical Reflections on Airland Battle and the Operational Maneuver Group

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-09-20

    echelon, or Follow-On Forces Attack ( FOFA ). 6 1 The core of the workshop report on the Soviet threat was Christopher Donnelly’s analysis of an emerging...debate regarding the military-political implications of operational-maneuver-groups, AirLand Battle and Follow-On- Forces-Attack ( FOFA ), marks the...decisive manner at the operational-strategic level. 31 To some extent the surprise was the result of the poverty of Western analysis of Soviet military

  10. A Model to Transform NATO’s Operational Level Military Capabilities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-01

    structures. 109 Tony Skinner , “Deficiencies in C4I plague ISAF operations,” Jane’s Defense Weekly, (23 May 2007), 6. 42 to determine a common...Forces.” Survival 44, no.3 Autumn 2002, 117-132. Bonnart, Frederick . “Changing NATO.” Military Technology 27, 07/2003, 4. Bonsignore, Luca, “NRF...Center for Strategy And Technology, Maxwell AFB, AL, 2005. Skinner , Tony. “Deficiencies in C4I plague ISAF operations.” Jane’s Defense Weekly, 23 May

  11. SOCAP: Lessons learned in applying SIPE-2 to the military operations crisis action planning domain

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Desimone, Roberto

    1992-01-01

    This report describes work funded under the DARPA Planning and Scheduling Initiative that led to the development of SOCAP (System for Operations Crisis Action Planning). In particular, it describes lessons learned in applying SIPE-2, the underlying AI planning technology within SOCAP, to the domain of military operations deliberate and crisis action planning. SOCAP was demonstrated at the U.S. Central Command and at the Pentagon in early 1992. A more detailed report about the lessons learned is currently being prepared. This report was presented during one of the panel discussions on 'The Relevance of Scheduling to AI Planning Systems.'

  12. UAV-guided navigation for ground robot tele-operation in a military reconnaissance environment.

    PubMed

    Chen, Jessie Y C

    2010-08-01

    A military reconnaissance environment was simulated to examine the performance of ground robotics operators who were instructed to utilise streaming video from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to navigate his/her ground robot to the locations of the targets. The effects of participants' spatial ability on their performance and workload were also investigated. Results showed that participants' overall performance (speed and accuracy) was better when she/he had access to images from larger UAVs with fixed orientations, compared with other UAV conditions (baseline- no UAV, micro air vehicle and UAV with orbiting views). Participants experienced the highest workload when the UAV was orbiting. Those individuals with higher spatial ability performed significantly better and reported less workload than those with lower spatial ability. The results of the current study will further understanding of ground robot operators' target search performance based on streaming video from UAVs. The results will also facilitate the implementation of ground/air robots in military environments and will be useful to the future military system design and training community.

  13. Operational military helicopter interior noise and vibration measurements with comparisons to ride quality criteria

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clevenson, S. A.; Leatherwood, J. D.; Hollenbaugh, D. D.

    1983-01-01

    Balka (1981) has identified the attainment of a 'jet-smooth' ride as a primary goal of the helicopter industry for commercial and certain military helicopters. It was noted that criteria accounting for both multiple axis vibration and interior noise are needed. The present investigation has the objective to present a vibration and interior noise data base in a format suitable for direct evaluation of aircraft ride quality. The investigation is also concerned with an assessment of the measured environment against available criteria as an indication of the state-of-the-art for current machines. Interior noise and vibration measurements were obtained on eight military helicopters during routine operational flights. The data are presented in the form of a number of parameters.

  14. Operational military helicopter interior noise and vibration measurements with comparisons to ride quality criteria

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clevenson, S. A.; Leatherwood, J. D.; Hollenbaugh, D. D.

    1983-01-01

    Balka (1981) has identified the attainment of a 'jet-smooth' ride as a primary goal of the helicopter industry for commercial and certain military helicopters. It was noted that criteria accounting for both multiple axis vibration and interior noise are needed. The present investigation has the objective to present a vibration and interior noise data base in a format suitable for direct evaluation of aircraft ride quality. The investigation is also concerned with an assessment of the measured environment against available criteria as an indication of the state-of-the-art for current machines. Interior noise and vibration measurements were obtained on eight military helicopters during routine operational flights. The data are presented in the form of a number of parameters.

  15. Wolf signs mission decal in the JEM during Joint Operations

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-07-25

    S127-E-008616 (25 July 2009) --- Flight day 11 activities for the joint shuttle-station crews included the traditional autographing of the station. Astronaut Dave Wolf, STS-127 mission specialist, has the pen in this frame.

  16. Marshburn signs mission decal in the JEM during Joint Operations

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-07-25

    S127-E-008612 (25 July 2009) --- Flight day 11 activities for the joint shuttle-station crews included the traditional autographing of the station. Astronaut Tom Marshburn, STS-127 mission specialist, has the pen in this frame.

  17. Gender Integration of Women into U.S. Army Special Forces Operational Detachments Alpha as an 18 Series Military Occupational Specialty

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    GENDER INTEGRATION OF WOMEN INTO U.S. ARMY SPECIAL FORCES OPERATIONAL DETACHMENTS ALPHA AS AN 18 SERIES MILITARY OCCUPATIONAL SPECIALTY... Integration of Women into U.S. Army Special Forces Operational Detachments Alpha as an 18 series Military Occupational Specialty 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER...rescinded by the Department of Defense. The military services were allowed to gradually and systematically integrate women into male-only military

  18. Prairie North: a joint civilian/military mass casualty exercise highlights the role of the National Guard in community disaster response.

    PubMed

    Vukotich, George; Bayram, Jamil D; Miller, Miriam I

    2012-01-01

    In a joint military/civilian exercise conducted in June 2010, military National Guard medical and decontamination response efforts proved to be paramount in supporting hospital resources to sustain an adequate response during a simulated terrorist event. Traditionally, hospitals include local responders in their disaster preparedness but overlook other available state and federal resources such as the National Guard. Lessons learned from the exercise included the value of regular joint disaster planning and training between the military and civilian medical sectors. Additionally, military communication and medical equipment compatibility with the civilian infrastructure was identified as one of the top areas for the improvement of this joint exercise. Involving the National Guard in community disaster planning provides a valuable medical support asset that can be critical in responding to multiple casualty events. National Guard response is inherently faster than its federal counterpart. Based on the findings from our joint exercise, states are encouraged to incorporate their corresponding National Guard in civilian critical medical infrastructure disaster preparedness activities, as the National Guard can be an integral part of the disaster response efforts in real multiple casualty events.

  19. A complexity science-based framework for global joint operations analysis to support force projection: LDRD Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Lawton, Craig R.

    2015-01-01

    The military is undergoing a significant transformation as it modernizes for the information age and adapts to address an emerging asymmetric threat beyond traditional cold war era adversaries. Techniques such as traditional large-scale, joint services war gaming analysis are no longer adequate to support program evaluation activities and mission planning analysis at the enterprise level because the operating environment is evolving too quickly. New analytical capabilities are necessary to address modernization of the Department of Defense (DoD) enterprise. This presents significant opportunity to Sandia in supporting the nation at this transformational enterprise scale. Although Sandia has significant experience with engineering system of systems (SoS) and Complex Adaptive System of Systems (CASoS), significant fundamental research is required to develop modeling, simulation and analysis capabilities at the enterprise scale. This report documents an enterprise modeling framework which will enable senior level decision makers to better understand their enterprise and required future investments.

  20. Concept of Operations (CONOPS) for Foreign Language and Speech Translation Technologies in a Coalition Military Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-01

    concepts and architecture paths to reduce human language barriers experienced by the DOD Operational Community and the Intelligence Community...Specifically, the program is designed to; • Reduce the foreign language barriers across the full spectrum of transnational and joint coalition

  1. Qualifying Military Health Care Officers as "Joint": Weighing the Pros and Cons

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    points Roled SOURCE: DoDI 1300.19 (2007, Table E3. T2 and para. E3.4.1.2–E3.4.2). a Duration: one month = 30.4 days. Intensity: combat = multiplier of 3...of Defense, March 1986. As of October 30, 2008: http://www.ndu.edu/library/goldnich/ 9915 .pdf U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, CJCS Vision for Joint

  2. The medical department in military operations other than war. Part I. Planning for deployment.

    PubMed

    Baker, M S; Ryals, P A

    1999-08-01

    Many military deployments are "military operations other than war" (MOOTW), a spectrum of assignments less than all-out combat. The corresponding medical support requirement differs from conventional military medical combat support and also from customary civilian medical practice. Hence, medical planners will use different doctrine and planning tools than are used in civilian facilities or on field training exercises when tasked for MOOTW activities. The deployment team must be self-sufficient, plan for very large numbers of affected individuals, and arrange for food, water, shelter, sanitation, power, light, security, transportation, communications, and team health care in advance of arrival. Careful and well-thought-out advance liaison with numerous interested parties is required to ensure mission success. The medical department on these missions may represent the lead element, and other warfare specialists and line and staff officers may support the medical mission by providing security, communications, transportation, and logistics. The medical team may find that it represents the foreign policy "point of the spear" during MOOTW deployments.

  3. Towards an Integrated Campaign Plan: The Use of Political, Economic, and Military Elements of National Power at the Operational Level of War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-05-13

    200 words) SEE ATTACHED. 14. SUBJECT TERMS 15. NUMBER OF PAGES OPERATIONAL ART OPERATION JUST CAUSE 50 CAMPAIGN PLANNING OPERATION DESERT STORM 16...Through analysis of military theory and subsequent discussion and analysis of the recent operations, JUST CAUSE and DESERT SHIELD/DESERT STORM...analyzing the works of Clausewitz and later military theorists. By evaluating current U.S. military doctrine and the recent American campaigns, JUST CAUSE

  4. Impact of phlebotomine sand flies on U.S. Military operations at Tallil Air Base, Iraq: 1. background, military situation, and development of a "Leishmaniasis Control Program".

    PubMed

    Coleman, Russell E; Burkett, Douglas A; Putnam, John L; Sherwood, Van; Caci, Jennifer B; Jennings, Barton T; Hochberg, Lisa P; Spradling, Sharon L; Rowton, Edgar D; Blount, Keith; Ploch, John; Hopkins, Grady; Raymond, Jo-Lynne W; O'Guinn, Monica L; Lee, John S; Weina, Peter J

    2006-07-01

    One of the most significant modern day efforts to prevent and control an arthropod-borne disease during a military deployment occurred when a team of U.S. military entomologists led efforts to characterize, prevent, and control leishmaniasis at Tallil Air Base (TAB), Iraq, during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Soon after arriving at TAB on 22 March 2003, military entomologists determined that 1) high numbers of sand flies were present at TAB, 2) individual soldiers were receiving many sand fly bites in a single night, and 3) Leishmania parasites were present in 1.5% of the female sand flies as determined using a real-time (fluorogenic) Leishmania-generic polymerase chain reaction assay. The rapid determination that leishmaniasis was a specific threat in this area allowed for the establishment of a comprehensive Leishmaniasis Control Program (LCP) over 5 mo before the first case of leishmaniasis was confirmed in a U.S. soldier deployed to Iraq. The LCP had four components: 1) risk assessment, 2) enhancement of use of personal protective measures by all personnel at TAB, 3) vector and reservoir control, and 4) education of military personnel about sand flies and leishmaniasis. The establishment of the LCP at TAB before the onset of any human disease conclusively demonstrated that entomologists can play a critical role during military deployments.

  5. Military-to-civilian translation of battlefield innovations in operative trauma care.

    PubMed

    Haider, Adil H; Piper, Lydia C; Zogg, Cheryl K; Schneider, Eric B; Orman, Jean A; Butler, Frank K; Gerhardt, Robert T; Haut, Elliott R; Mather, Jacques P; MacKenzie, Ellen J; Schwartz, Diane A; Geyer, David W; DuBose, Joseph J; Rasmussen, Todd E; Blackbourne, Lorne H

    2015-12-01

    Historic improvements in operative trauma care have been driven by war. It is unknown whether recent battlefield innovations stemming from conflicts in Iraq/Afghanistan will follow a similar trend. The objective of this study was to survey trauma medical directors (TMDs) at level 1-3 trauma centers across the United States and gauge the extent to which battlefield innovations have shaped civilian practice in 4 key domains of trauma care. Domains were determined by the use of a modified Delphi method based on multiple consultations with an expert physician/surgeon panel: (1) damage control resuscitation (DCR), (2) tourniquet use, (3) use of hemostatic agents, and (4) prehospital interventions, including intraosseous catheter access and needle thoracostomy. A corresponding 47-item electronic anonymous survey was developed/pilot tested before dissemination to all identifiable TMD at level 1-3 trauma centers across the US. A total of 245 TMDs, representing nearly 40% of trauma centers in the United States, completed and returned the survey. More than half (n = 127; 51.8%) were verified by the American College of Surgeons. TMDs reported high civilian use of DCR: 95.1% of trauma centers had implemented massive transfusion protocols and the majority (67.7%) tended toward 1:1:1 packed red blood cell/fresh-frozen plasma/platelets ratios. For the other 3, mixed adoption corresponded to expressed concerns regarding the extent of concomitant civilian research to support military research and experience. In centers in which policies reflecting battlefield innovations were in use, previous military experience frequently was acknowledged. This national survey of TMDs suggests that military data supporting DCR has altered civilian practice. Perceived relevance in other domains was less clear. Civilian academic efforts are needed to further research and enhance understandings that foster improved trauma surgeon awareness of military-to-civilian translation. Copyright © 2015

  6. Shared meanings for military nurse veterans: follow up survey of nurse veterans from WWII, Korea, Vietnam, and Operation Desert Storm.

    PubMed

    Stanton-Bandiero, M P

    1998-01-01

    This study is an extension of a qualitative study involving military nurses in World War II, Korea, Vietnam and Operation Desert Storm. Common themes and shared meanings identified in the previous qualitative study were investigated using a broad sample of military nurses who had served at various times and different branches of the service. The present investigation used a survey to gather data, and results tended to validate results of the earlier study that the experiences of military nurses in times of war tend to transcend many factors including time and branch of service.

  7. Command and Control of Joint Air Operations through Mission Command

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    trust.”14 Such trust is mandatory for leading and executing in today’s complex global and geographically dispersed environments. To the joint force...those tactical-level commanders in the control and reporting center (CRC), Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS), Marine air command and control

  8. Romanenko signs mission decal in the JEM during Joint Operations

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-07-25

    S127-E-008635 (25 July 2009) --- Flight day 11 activities for the joint shuttle-station crews included the traditional autographing of the station. Russian Federal Space Agency cosmonaut Roman Romanenko, Expedition 20 flight engineer, has the pen in this frame.

  9. Payette signs mission decal in the JEM during Joint Operations

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-07-25

    S127-E-008614 (25 July 2009) --- Flight day 11 activities for the joint shuttle-station crews included the traditional autographing of the station. Canadian Space Agency astronaut Julie Payette, STS-127 mission specialist, has the pen in this frame.

  10. Wakata signs mission decal in the JEM during Joint Operations

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-07-25

    S127-E-008624 (25 July 2009) --- Flight day 11 activities for the joint shuttle-station crews included the traditional autographing of the station. Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency Astronaut Koichi Wakata, STS-127 mission specialist, has the pen in this frame.

  11. Thirsk signs mission decal in the JEM during Joint Operations

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-07-25

    S127-E-008638 (25 July 2009) --- Flight day 11 activities for the joint shuttle-station crews included the traditional autographing of the station. Canadian Space Agency astronaut Robert Thirsk, Expedition 20 flight engineer, has the pen in this frame.

  12. Barratt signs mission decal in the JEM during Joint Operations

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-07-25

    S127-E-008623 (25 July 2009) --- Flight day 11 activities for the joint shuttle-station crews included the traditional autographing of the station. Astronaut Mike Barratt, Expedition 20 flight engineer, has the pen in this frame. Photo credit: NASA

  13. Kopra signs mission decal in the JEM during Joint Operations

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-07-25

    S127-E-008609 (25 July 2009) --- Flight day 11 activities for the joint shuttle-station crews included the traditional autographing of the station. Astronauts Tom Marshburn (left), STS-127 mission specialist, and Tim Kopra, Expedition 20 flight engineer, are in this frame.

  14. Energy Requirements of US Army Special Operation Forces During Military Training

    PubMed Central

    Margolis, Lee M.; Crombie, Aaron P.; McClung, Holly L.; McGraw, Susan M.; Rood, Jennifer C.; Montain, Scott J.; Young, Andrew J.

    2014-01-01

    Special Operations Forces (SOF) regularly engage in physically demanding combat operations and field training exercises, resulting in high daily energy expenditure, and thus increased energy requirements. However, the majority of studies assessing energy requirements of SOF have been conducted on soldiers going through intense SOF initiation training. The objective of the current investigation was to determine the energy expenditure of SOF conducting military training operations. Thirty-one soldiers taking part in Pre-Mission Training (PMT n = 15) and Combat Diver Qualification Courses (CDQC n = 16) volunteered to participate in this observational study. Energy expenditure was determined using doubly labeled water. Body weight (83 ± 7 kg) remained stable during both training periods. Overall energy expenditure adjusted for body composition was 17,606 ± 2326 kJ·day−1. Energy expenditure was 19,110 ± 1468 kJ·day−1 during CDQC and 16,334 ± 2180 kJ·day−1 during PMT, with physical activity levels of 2.6 ± 0.2 and 2.2 ± 0.3 during CDQC and PMT, respectively. Compared to the Military Dietary Reference Intakes for energy (13,598 kJ·day−1), these data are in agreement with previous reports that energy requirement for SOF Soldiers exceed that of the average soldier. PMID:24824290

  15. Prevalence of environmental and other military exposure concerns in Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans.

    PubMed

    Quigley, Karen S; McAndrew, Lisa M; Almeida, Liliana; D'Andrea, Elizabeth A; Engel, Charles C; Hamtil, Heather; Ackerman, Adam J

    2012-06-01

    This study examined the prevalence of self-reported exposures in returning Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF)/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) veterans and the relationship of exposure reports to current physical symptoms. Using self-reports obtained immediately after return from deployment in a cohort of 760 enlisted Army reserve component military personnel, we assessed prevalence rates of environmental and other exposures and the association of these exposures to severity of physical symptoms. Reporting of environmental exposures was relatively low in veterans of OEF/OIF, but reporting more environmental and other exposures, in particular screening positive for a traumatic brain injury, was related to greater physical symptom severity immediately after deployment. Non-treatment-seeking, enlisted Army reserve component personnel reported relatively few exposures immediately after return from deployment; however, more exposures was modestly associated with greater severity of physical symptoms when controlling for predeployment symptoms, gender, and other deployment-related exposures.

  16. American Joint Helicopter Command: Addressing a Lack of Operational Control of Rotary Assets

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-06

    capture Taliban and al Qaeda leadership in the Shahi -Kot Valley of Afghanistan. CFLCC initially tasked Joint Special Operations Task Force- North...clearances, and tanker planning required to get the aircraft into the Shahi -Kot Valley. Additionally, the plan included neither Joint Terminal Area

  17. Normative Data for the NeuroCom Sensory Organization Test in US Military Special Operations Forces.

    PubMed

    Pletcher, Erin R; Williams, Valerie J; Abt, John P; Morgan, Paul M; Parr, Jeffrey J; Wohleber, Meleesa F; Lovalekar, Mita; Sell, Timothy C

    2017-02-01

    Postural stability is the ability to control the center of mass in relation to a person's base of support and can be affected by both musculoskeletal injury and traumatic brain injury. The NeuroCom Sensory Organization Test (SOT) can be used to objectively quantify impairments to postural stability. The ability of postural stability to predict injury and be used as an acute injury-evaluation tool makes it essential to the screening and rehabilitation process. To our knowledge, no published normative data for the SOT from a healthy, highly active population are available for use as a reference for clinical decision making. To present a normative database of SOT scores from a US Military Special Operations population that can be used for future comparison. Cross-sectional study. Human performance research laboratory. A total of 542 active military operators from Naval Special Warfare Combatant-Craft Crewmen (n = 149), Naval Special Warfare Command, Sea, Air, and Land (n = 101), US Army Special Operations Command (n = 171), and Air Force Special Operations Command (n = 121). Participants performed each of the 6 SOT conditions 3 times. Scores for each condition, total equilibrium composite score, and ratio scores for the somatosensory, visual, and vestibular systems were recorded. Differences were present across all groups for SOT conditions 1 (P < .001), 2 (P = .001), 4 (P > .001), 5 (P > .001), and 6 (P = .001) and total equilibrium composite (P = .000), visual (P > .001), vestibular (P = .002), and preference (P > .001) NeuroCom scores. Statistical differences were evident in the distribution of postural stability across US Special Operations Forces personnel. This normative database for postural stability, as assessed by the NeuroCom SOT, can provide context when clinicians assess a Special Operations Forces population or any other groups that maintain a high level of conditioning and training.

  18. Operative and Nonoperative Management of Achilles Tendon Ruptures in Active Duty Military Population.

    PubMed

    Renninger, Christopher H; Kuhn, Kevin; Fellars, Todd; Youngblood, Scot; Bellamy, Joseph

    2016-03-01

    The optimal management of Achilles tendon ruptures continues to be a subject of debate in orthopedics. These injuries are common in the active duty military population. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively compare the results of operative and nonoperative management of Achilles tendon ruptures in the active duty military population following the publication of a landmark level I study that has influenced practice patterns. All Achilles tendon injuries in active duty patients were identified at a single military institution from January 1, 2011, to January 1, 2014. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied and charts were reviewed. Demographic and treatment information were recorded along with return to duty status, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), rerupture, and other complication data. Rates of DVT, rerupture, other complications, and return to duty (including time to return) were then compared. Demographic data were described. Fifty-seven male patients met inclusion criteria with an average age of 31 years. There were 27 in the operative group and 30 in the nonoperative group. There were no significant differences in group demographics. There were no DVTs in either treatment group. There were no wound complications in the operative group. There were no significant differences in the rates of rerupture, return to duty, or other complications. There were 2 reruptures in the nonoperative group. Both were treated nonoperatively. There was one rerupture in the operative group that was treated nonoperatively. All reruptures were partial tears. Two patients underwent repair with flexor hallucis longus augmentation. Both of these patients were initially managed nonoperatively. When available data on time to return to duty was analyzed, patients who underwent operative management returned to duty on average approximately one and a half months earlier (6.7 vs 8.2 months) than nonoperative patients (P = .04). In 2011, 12% of injuries were treated nonoperatively

  19. Operation Urgent Fury - Grenada

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-11-01

    Organization Name(s) and Address(es) Joint History Office Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Washington, DC Performing Organization Report...FURY The Planning and Execution of Joint Operations in Grenada 12 October - 2 November 1983 Ronald H. Cole Joint History Office Office of the Chairman...Includes index. 1. Grenada-- History --American Invasion, 1983. 2. Military planning--United States. 3. United States--Armed Forces

  20. Forming a Better Joint Team: Understanding Service Culture Impact on the Effectiveness of Senior Military Leaders

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-13

    held beliefs about waging warfare [sic]. For the U.S. Army, the importance of firepower or the ability to apply significant volumes of bullets...General Staff College, 1995. Gaedecke, David M. The Glass Ceiling : A Question of Joint Officer Development -- Why Only Five USAF Geographic Combatant

  1. Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Laser Designation Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing...collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. 1 . REPORT DATE 28 MAY 1999 2. REPORT TYPE N/A 3. DATES...unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 PREFACE i 1 . Scope This publication provides joint tactics, techniques

  2. Padalka and Polansky in the Node 1 during Joint Operations

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-07-21

    S127-E-007430 (21 July 2009) --- Astronaut Mark Polansky (right) and Russian Federal Space Agency cosmonaut Gennady Padalka take a break from a busy agenda onboard the International Space Station on the eve of the third of five spacewalks scheduled as part of more than a week's worth of joint activities for Endeavour and ISS crewmembers. Polansky is STS-127 commander, and Padalka is the station commander.

  3. Polansky and Padalka in the Node 1 during Joint Operations

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-07-21

    S127-E-007453 (21 July 2009) --- Astronaut Mark Polansky (left) and Russian Federal Space Agency cosmonaut Gennady Padalka take a break from a busy agenda onboard the International Space Station on the eve of the third of five spacewalks scheduled as part of more than a week's worth of joint activities for Endeavour and ISS crewmembers. Polansky is STS-127 commander, and Padalka is the station commander.

  4. Implementing Network-Centric Operations in Joint Task Forces: Changes in Joint Doctrine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-06-16

    of Defense planning guidance and doctrine that date to July of 2001. The conclusions reached in this thesis are that size, structure , interdependence...and synchronization are key NCO organizational attributes dictating shifts in basic joint doctrine and JTF organizational architecture.

  5. Stabilization Operations Through Military Capacity Building-Integration Between Danish Conventional Forces and Special Operations Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-12-01

    N.Y: Frank Cass Publishers, 1998), 82–83. 146 Adams, US. Special Operations Forces in Action, 84–85. 147 Krepinevich Jr., The Army and Vietnam, 69...liaison teams, which were considered an important factor in the development of the Afghan National Army ( ANA ). Operational mentoring and liaison...Chief of Defence. Adams, Thomas K. U.S. Special Operations Forces in Action: The Challenge of Unconventional Warfare. New York: Frank Cass Publishers

  6. Joint Forces Command - Operation United Assistance Case Study: Lessons and Best Practices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-07-01

    other organization in the world. USAFRICOM and USARAF etched a place in history by being part of the largest U.S. military operation in support of...operational approach. Additionally, the OPT used theory, history , and doctrine to develop a conceptual planning framework to facilitate development...problem and quickly overwhelmed foreign disclosure officer (FDO) processes. Available alternate tools did not match the functionality of steady-state

  7. Cyber Power for the Joint Force Commander: An Operational Design Framework

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-26

    and the command and control of the full spectrum of military operations.” 4 Peter Finn, " Cyber Assaults on Estonia Typify a New Battle Tactic...34 Washington Post, May 18, 2007. This Washington Post article attributes a Russian concerted denial of service cyber - attack against Estonia; the author... attack on Iranian nuclear facility to discuss cyber operational issues of attribution, risk of collateral damage, and strategic risks from potential

  8. A Preliminary Investigation of Ship Acquisition Options for Joint Forcible Entry Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-01-01

    instability" extending from West Africa to Indonesia 4 Loosely speaking, sea basing is the ability to assemble, equip, and support forces from sea...and conflict, anywhere around the world. The Global Concept of Operations will employ a flexible force structure that includes: "* Carrier Strike...so-called zone of instability that extends from West Africa to Indonesia will continue as a focal point of American military operations for the rest

  9. Performance assessments of Android-powered military applications operating on tactical handheld devices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weiss, Brian A.; Fronczek, Lisa; Morse, Emile; Kootbally, Zeid; Schlenoff, Craig

    2013-05-01

    Transformative Apps (TransApps) is a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) funded program whose goal is to develop a range of militarily-relevant software applications ("apps") to enhance the operational-effectiveness of military personnel on (and off) the battlefield. TransApps is also developing a military apps marketplace to facilitate rapid development and dissemination of applications to address user needs by connecting engaged communities of endusers with development groups. The National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) role in the TransApps program is to design and implement evaluation procedures to assess the performance of: 1) the various software applications, 2) software-hardware interactions, and 3) the supporting online application marketplace. Specifically, NIST is responsible for evaluating 50+ tactically-relevant applications operating on numerous Android™-powered platforms. NIST efforts include functional regression testing and quantitative performance testing. This paper discusses the evaluation methodologies employed to assess the performance of three key program elements: 1) handheld-based applications and their integration with various hardware platforms, 2) client-based applications and 3) network technologies operating on both the handheld and client systems along with their integration into the application marketplace. Handheld-based applications are assessed using a combination of utility and usability-based checklists and quantitative performance tests. Client-based applications are assessed to replicate current overseas disconnected (i.e. no network connectivity between handhelds) operations and to assess connected operations envisioned for later use. Finally, networked applications are assessed on handhelds to establish baselines of performance for when connectivity will be common usage.

  10. Water Quantity and Quality Joint-Operation Modeling in Three Gorges, China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Yanjun; Xiao, Ge; Yang, Guolu; Zhang, Liping; Wang, Yuhua; Chen, Zhongxian; Bao, Zhengfeng; Xu, Tao

    2017-04-01

    Water quantity and quality joint operation of dams and floodgates is a cost-effective way to improve the water environment of a river at present. The Three Gorges is facing potential threatening of water pollution problems because accidental water pollution events have occurred sometimes. Taking a river containing the Three Gorges Reservoir and the Gezhouba Reservoir, which is one of the most attentive river sections in the Yangtze River basin, as the study area, this paper considers objectives of flood control, pollution prevention, and a water quantity and quality joint-operation model of dams and floodgates was established. By analyzing the operation rules of various composed scenarios, a three-stage operation method (TSOM) of water quantity and quality was proposed based on the model. Several typical operation scenarios were selected to be simulated. The joint operation of dams and floodgates will play a positive role in improving the current water quality of the main stream in the Yangtze River.

  11. 14 CFR 249.21 - Preservation of records by public charter operators and overseas military personnel charter...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Preservation of records by public charter operators and overseas military personnel charter operators. 249.21 Section 249.21 Aeronautics and Space... of an authorized representative of the DOT. (a) All receipts and statements of travel agents and...

  12. Operational impact of tongue piercing on French military pilots during overseas deployments: a case report.

    PubMed

    Gunepin, Mathieu; Derache, Florence; Audoual, Thomas

    2010-10-01

    Piercing in general and particularly tongue piercing is gaining popularity in the Western world. The French army and so the French air force are concerned by this phenomenon. A case report of a pilot suffering from dental pain with operational consequences due to a dental fracture during Operation Trident (Kosovo) is presented. The dental examination highlighted the fact that the dental fracture was directly due to the presence of a tongue piercing. Tongue piercing and wearing tongue jewelry have numerous adverse effects, especially frequent dental complications. If these complications do not result in death, they can generate sufficient pain to disturb the vigilance and concentration of pilots and can have a major impact on flight security. For these reasons, tongue piercing is in total contradiction to a professional army and particularly to military pilots and aircrews.

  13. Operational Physical Performance and Fitness in Military Women: Physiological, Musculoskeletal Injury, and Optimized Physical Training Considerations for Successfully Integrating Women Into Combat-Centric Military Occupations.

    PubMed

    Nindl, Bradley C; Jones, Bruce H; Van Arsdale, Stephanie J; Kelly, Karen; Kraemer, William J

    2016-01-01

    This article summarizes presentations from a 2014 United States Department of Defense (DoD) Health Affairs Women in Combat symposium addressing physiological, musculoskeletal injury, and optimized physical training considerations from the operational physical performance section. The symposium was held to provide a state-of-the-science meeting on the U.S. DoD's rescinding of the ground combat exclusion policy opening up combat-centric occupations to women. Physiological, metabolic, body composition, bone density, cardiorespiratory fitness, and thermoregulation differences between men and women were briefly reviewed. Injury epidemiological data are presented within military training and operational environments demonstrating women to be at a higher risk for musculoskeletal injuries than men. Physical training considerations for improved muscle strength and power, occupational task performance, load carriage were also reviewed. Particular focus of this article was given to translating physiological and epidemiological findings from the literature on these topics toward actionable guidance and policy recommendations for military leaders responsible for military physical training doctrine: (1) inclusion of resistance training with special emphasis on strength and power development (i.e., activation of high-threshold motor units and recruitment of type II high-force muscle fibers), upper-body strength development, and heavy load carriage, (2) moving away from "field expediency" as the major criteria for determining military physical training policy and training implementation, (3) improvement of load carriage ability with emphasis placed on specific load carriage task performance, combined with both resistance and endurance training, and (4) providing greater equipment resources, coaching assets, and increased training time dedicated to physical readiness training. Reprint & Copyright © 2016 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  14. Families overcoming under stress: implementing family-centered prevention for military families facing wartime deployments and combat operational stress.

    PubMed

    Lester, Patricia; Mogil, Catherine; Saltzman, William; Woodward, Kirsten; Nash, William; Leskin, Gregory; Bursch, Brenda; Green, Sara; Pynoos, Robert; Beardslee, William

    2011-01-01

    The toll of multiple and prolonged deployments on families has become clearer in recent years as military families have seen an increase in childhood anxiety, parental psychological distress, and marital discord. Families overcoming under stress (FOCUS), a family-centered evidence-informed resiliency training program developed at University of California, Los Angeles and Harvard Medical School, is being implemented at military installations through an initiative from Navy Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. The research foundation for FOCUS includes evidence-based preventive interventions that were adapted to meet the specific needs of military families facing combat operational stress associated with wartime deployments. Using a family narrative approach, FOCUS includes a customized approach utilizing core intervention components, including psychoeducation, emotional regulation skills, goal setting and problem solving skills, traumatic stress reminder management techniques, and family communication skills. The purpose of this study is to describe the development and implementation of FOCUS for military families. A case example is also presented.

  15. The Joint Operating Environment (JOE): Challenges and Implications for the Future Joint Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-11-25

    be called on to protect our national interests. Merely sustaining the health of the Joint Force, never mind adapting and transforming, is far more...very powerful motives prevent us from doing so – security, honour, and self interest. And we were not the first to act in this way. Far from it.” 4...deep understanding of the enemy – his culture, history, geography, religious and ideological motivations , and particularly the huge differences in

  16. What It Takes. Air Force Command of Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    ters staff. For the headquarters to reach full functionality, it needs to be augmented with additional staff from both the host service and the other...Operations Command Central SOCPAC Special Operations Command Pacific SOF special operations forces TAC CP tactical command post TACON tactical control ...defines control as 1. Authority that may be less than full command exercised by a commander over part of the activities of subordinate or other

  17. JELO: A Model of Joint Expeditionary Logistics Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-10-01

    copy Office of the Chief of Naval Operations N42 2000 Navy Pentagon Washington, D.C. 20350-2000 12. Captain James Stewart ............................................................................ electronic

  18. Feasibility Study for Joint Military-Civilian Use of Scott Air Force Base

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-05-01

    package express hubbing operation. Based on the growth of just - in - time manufacturing , tighter inventory management and overseas sourcing,, Scott AB...production line by providing the highly reliable service essential to operate just - in - time manufacturing systems. Operating Requirements: Prefers larger

  19. Cigarette Smoking and Sociodemographic, Military, and Health Characteristics of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans

    PubMed Central

    Hamlett-Berry, Kim; Barth, Shannon K.; Christofferson, Dana E.; Davey, Victoria J.; Eber, Stephanie; Schneiderman, Aaron I.; Bossarte, Robert M.

    2016-01-01

    Objective: We examined the sociodemographic, military, and health characteristics of current cigarette smokers, former smokers, and nonsmokers among Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) / Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) veterans and estimated smoking prevalence to better understand cigarette use in this population. Methods: We analyzed data from the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) 2009-2011 National Health Study for a New Generation of US Veterans. On the basis of a stratified random sample of 60 000 OEF/OIF veterans, we sought responses to a 72-item questionnaire via mail, telephone, or Internet. Cigarette smoking status was based on self-reported cigarette use in the past year. We used multinomial logistic regression to evaluate associations between smoking status and sociodemographic, military, and health characteristics. Results: Among 19 911 veterans who provided information on cigarette smoking, 5581 were current smokers (weighted percentage: 32.5%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 31.7-33.2). Current smokers were more likely than nonsmokers or former smokers to be younger, to have less education or income, to be separated/divorced or never married/single, and to have served on active duty or in the army. Comparing current smokers and nonsmokers, some significant associations from adjusted analyses included the following: having a Mental Component Summary score (a measure of overall mental health) above the mean of the US population relative to below the mean (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 0.81, 95% CI: 0.73-0.90); having physician-diagnosed depression (aOR = 1.52, 95% CI: 1.33-1.74), respiratory conditions (aOR = 1.16, 95% CI: 1.04-1.30), or repeated seizures/blackouts/convulsions (aOR = 1.80, 95% CI: 1.22-2.67); heavy alcohol use vs never use (aOR = 5.49, 95% CI: 4.57-6.59); a poor vs excellent perception of overall health (aOR = 3.79, 95% CI: 2.60-5.52); and being deployed vs nondeployed (aOR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.78-0.96). Using health care services from the VA

  20. Problems with veteran-family communication during operation enduring freedom/operation Iraqi freedom military deployment.

    PubMed

    Hinojosa, Ramon; Hinojosa, Melanie Sberna; Högnäs, Robin S

    2012-02-01

    Twenty Reserve component (Army and Marines) and Army National Guard male veterans of Operational Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom discuss their deployment and postdeployment family reintegration experiences. A Grounded Theory approach is used to highlight some of the ways in which family miscommunication during deployment can occur. Communication with civilian family members is affected by the needs of operational security, technical problems with communication tools, miscommunication between family members, or because veterans have "nothing new to say" to family back home. These communication difficulties may lead to an initial gulf of understanding between veterans and family members that can cause family strain during postdeployment family reintegration. We end with a discussion of veteran family reintegration difficulties.

  1. Operative splenectomy for treatment of homozygous thalassemia major in Afghan children at a US military hospital.

    PubMed

    Bolt, Jason D; Schoneboom, Bruce A

    2010-04-01

    Afghanistan is a war-ravaged country surrounded by mountainous terrain. Due to the geography and harsh living conditions, people have intermarried among tribes for centuries. The right familial combinations can cause manifestations of genetic linked diseases. Thalassemia major is one of these genetic diseases that are prevalent throughout southwest Asia and Africa. This condition is so severe that if left untreated, many patients die before their fifth birthday. Modern treatments in developed countries are not available in remote regions of Afghanistan. Frequent blood transfusions and surgical removal of enlarged spleens are the only options to improve life expectancy and quality of life. US military surgical hospitals and teams frequently encountered these patients and provided surgical treatment. Overall, surgical treatment of hypersplenism due to thalassemia major in this austere environment was highly successful. This article discusses the preoperative plan, intraoperative management, and postoperative care provided to 45 infants and children who underwent open splenectomy at a US military forward operating field hospital in Afghanistan.

  2. Heat strain during military training activities: The dilemma of balancing force protection and operational capability.

    PubMed

    Hunt, Andrew P; Billing, Daniel C; Patterson, Mark J; Caldwell, Joanne N

    2016-01-01

    Military activities in hot environments pose 2 competing demands: the requirement to perform realistic training to develop operational capability with the necessity to protect armed forces personnel against heat-related illness. To ascertain whether work duration limits for protection against heat-related illness restrict military activities, this study examined the heat strain and risks of heat-related illness when conducting a military activity above the prescribed work duration limits. Thirty-seven soldiers conducted a march (10 km; ∼5.5 km h(-1)) carrying 41.8 ± 3.6 kg of equipment in 23.1 ± 1.8°C wet-bulb globe temperature. Body core temperature was recorded throughout and upon completion, or withdrawal, participants rated their severity of heat-related symptoms. Twenty-three soldiers completed the march in 107 ± 6.4 min (Completers); 9 were symptomatic for heat exhaustion, withdrawing after 71.6 ± 10.1 min (Symptomatic); and five were removed for body core temperature above 39.0°C (Hyperthermic) after 58.4 ± 4.5 min. Body core temperature was significantly higher in the Hyperthermic (39.03 ± 0.26°C), than Symptomatic (38.34 ± 0.44°C; P = 0.007) and Completers (37.94 ± 0.37°C; P<0.001) after 50 min. Heat-related symptom severity was significantly higher among Symptomatic (28.4 ± 11.8) compared to Completers (15.0 ± 9.8, P = 0.006) and Hyperthermic (13.0 ± 9.6, P = 0.029). The force protection provided by work duration limits may be preventing the majority of personnel from conducting activities in hot environments, thereby constraining a commander's mandate to develop an optimised military force. The dissociation between heat-related symptoms and body core temperature elevation suggests that the physiological mechanisms underpinning exhaustion during exertional heat stress should be re-examined to determine the most appropriate physiological criteria for prescribing work duration limits.

  3. Secure Multi-party Computation Protocol for Defense Applications in Military Operations Using Virtual Cryptography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pathak, Rohit; Joshi, Satyadhar

    With the advent into the 20th century whole world has been facing the common dilemma of Terrorism. The suicide attacks on US twin towers 11 Sept. 2001, Train bombings in Madrid Spain 11 Mar. 2004, London bombings 7 Jul. 2005 and Mumbai attack 26 Nov. 2008 were some of the most disturbing, destructive and evil acts by terrorists in the last decade which has clearly shown their evil intent that they can go to any extent to accomplish their goals. Many terrorist organizations such as al Quaida, Harakat ul-Mujahidin, Hezbollah, Jaish-e-Mohammed, Lashkar-e-Toiba, etc. are carrying out training camps and terrorist operations which are accompanied with latest technology and high tech arsenal. To counter such terrorism our military is in need of advanced defense technology. One of the major issues of concern is secure communication. It has to be made sure that communication between different military forces is secure so that critical information is not leaked to the adversary. Military forces need secure communication to shield their confidential data from terrorist forces. Leakage of concerned data can prove hazardous, thus preservation and security is of prime importance. There may be a need to perform computations that require data from many military forces, but in some cases the associated forces would not want to reveal their data to other forces. In such situations Secure Multi-party Computations find their application. In this paper, we propose a new highly scalable Secure Multi-party Computation (SMC) protocol and algorithm for Defense applications which can be used to perform computation on encrypted data. Every party encrypts their data in accordance with a particular scheme. This encrypted data is distributed among some created virtual parties. These Virtual parties send their data to the TTP through an Anonymizer layer. TTP performs computation on encrypted data and announces the result. As the data sent was encrypted its actual value can’t be known by TTP

  4. The Joint Agricultural Weather Facility's Operational Assessment Program.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Motha, Raymond P.; Heddinghaus, Thomas R.

    1986-09-01

    The Joint Agricultural Weather Facility (JAWF), a cooperative effort between the Climate Analysis Center, NMC/NWS/NOAA (National Meteorological Center/National Weather Service/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) and the World Agricultural Outlook Board, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), focuses on weather anomalies and their effects on the crop-yield potential in major international crop areas. The basic mission is to provide an objective procedure for translating the flow of global weather information into timely and accurate assessments of growing-season conditions which ultimately impact on global agricultural production and trade. Daily monitoring of satellite weather images and meteorological data provides the framework for agricultural weather analysis. Daily. weekly, and seasonal summaries are processed and merged with historical weather and crop data for evaluation of the crop-yield potential. Information is disseminated at routine briefings, in written summaries, and through informal discussions.

  5. Diver Relative UUV Navigation for Joint Human-Robot Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-01

    Derivative ROV Remotely Operated Vehicle THAUS Tethered Hovering Autonomous Underwater System UUV Unmanned Underwater Vehicle xiv THIS PAGE...for this research is the SeaBotix vLBV300 platform, shown in Figure 3 [17]. It is a tethered, Remotely Operated Vehicle ( ROV ). The vLBV300 has six...an ce (m et er s) Following distance between diver and ROV 53 Figure 39. Cross track error of the THAUS 2. Potential Field Approach Applied to

  6. Division Restructuring to Support the Joint Operational Access Concept

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-23

    FMI Field Manual Interim GPS Global Positioning System GWOT Global War on Terror HIMARS High Mobility Artillery Rocket System vi IADS...counterinsurgency concepts from the Vietnam War, the Army published Field Manual – Interim, FMI 3-07.22, Counterinsurgency Operations, to fill the...capability and doctrine gap. While focused on Counterinsurgency Operations (COIN), FMI 3-07.22 heavily relied on the Unified Action concepts of FM 3-07

  7. A Critical Analysis of Joint Logistics Professional Military Education for Army Logisticians

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-12

    force common user logistics, port and terminal operations, detainee operations, mortuary affairs, postal administration, and provide sustainment...Intellectual skills are further defined to consist of, “discrimination, concept, rule -using, and problem-solving capabilities.”74 As learning objectives pass...

  8. Door Opening Affects Operating Room Pressure During Joint Arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Mears, Simon C; Blanding, Renee; Belkoff, Stephen M

    2015-11-01

    Many resources are expended to ensure a sterile operating room environment. Efforts are made to prevent exposure of patients to personnel and to achieve positive room pressure to keep out airborne contaminants. Foot traffic into and out of the operating room during surgery can undermine these efforts. The authors investigated the number and duration of operating room door openings during hip and knee arthroplasty procedures and the effect of the door openings on room pressure. They tested the hypothesis that door openings defeat positive pressure, permitting air flow into the room. Room pressure and door status were monitored electronically during 191 hip and knee arthroplasty procedures. Operating room staff were unaware that data were being collected. The authors evaluated the data with regression analysis to determine whether the number and duration of door openings had an effect on room pressure. Significance was set at P<.05. Doors were open, on average, 9.5 minutes per case. In 77 of 191 cases, positive pressure was defeated, allowing air flow to reverse into the operating room. Total time with the door open significantly affected the minimum pressure recorded in the room (P<.02), but did not significantly affect average room pressure (P=.7). This finding suggested that the loss of positive pressure was a transient event from which the room recovered. The number and duration of door openings showed a significant association with length of surgery. Door openings threaten positive pressure, potentially jeopardizing operating room sterility. The causes of excessive operating room traffic must be evaluated to identify ways to reduce this traffic and the associated risks.

  9. The Potential Scope for Use of Private Military Companies in Military Operations: An Historical and Economical Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-12-01

    Anthony Mockler, The New Mercenaries, (New York: Paragon House, 1987), p. 15. 6 Andre Corvisier, A Dictionary of Military History and the Art of War...final foreign free company on the Italian peninsula was that of the Bretons . Hereafter, the Italian states only employed Italian mercenaries, which...War.80 F. CONDOTTIERI After the defeat of the Bretons in 1380, foreign-born free companies ceased to exist in Italy.81 Hereafter, in an attempt to

  10. The Impact of Political-Military Relations on the Use of German Military Power during Operation Barbarossa

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-15

    Military Writings, trans. and ed. Robert T. Foley (London, England: Frank Cass Publishers 2003), 188. 22In March 1920 Colonel Bauer and Wolfgang Kapp...and Magna Bauer , Moscow to Stalingrad: Decision in the East (St. Petersburg, FL: Hailer Publishing, 2006), 14. 5Matthew Cooper, The German Army...War, 1941-45 (New York, NY: Praeger Publishers, 1971), 40. 7Earl Ziemke and Magna Bauer , Moscow to Stalingrad: Decision in the East (St. Petersburg

  11. ’Seams’ Of Inefficiency and Joint Interagency Task Force (JIATF) Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-31

    9 3. Figure 3: Operation Mayan Jaguar……………………..………… 14 4. Figure 4: Proposed JIATF East JOA …………………………….. 18 5. Figure 5...military forces from engaging in any civil law enforcement activities. By modifying the Act, President Reagan formally directed U.S. intelligence...kicked off operation MAYAN JAGUAR (See Figure 3). Combined CD Operations OP Mayan Jaguar with Guatemala, Feb 2002 92˚ West - JIATF East coordinated

  12. Hurricane Relief Operations in the Caribbean: Is the Use of the Military in Hurricane Relief Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Caribbean hurricanes are a type of tropical cyclone . They originate in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa and affect the Caribbean and 2 the...that will prove to be more suitable in disaster relief situations. Matthew Yarrow also shares Dynes’ view. He believes that soldiers are ill-suited... Haiti operations, in part due to the battalion commander’s lack of authority over troops from different countries. However, the performance of the

  13. The Joint Air Operations Center in the Realm of Network Centric Warfare

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Air University Press, April 1998. Harter , Mark E. Rapid Dominance - Integrating Space into Today’s Air Operations Center. Maxwell AFB: Air... Susan Pardo, John Boggess, Sheron Leonard, Evelyn Spence, Steve Cash, Doug MacCrea, Mark Williams, and Dave Goldfein. Joint Air Operations Center: C4I

  14. Space Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-29

    provide ISR, PNT, weather, and communications support to the joint force, enabling precise friendly force tracking (FFT), enhancing joint force...of debris are too small to track with current sensor capabilities. Currently, the US tracks only approximately 10 percent of space objects that are...military operations. 4. Functional Capabilities SSA can be divided into four functional capabilities (Figure II-1): a. Detect/ Track /Identify (D/T/ID

  15. Fatigue and stimulant use in military fighter aircrew during combat operations.

    PubMed

    Gore, Russell K; Webb, Timothy S; Hermes, Eric D A

    2010-08-01

    Fatigue in military aviation is a significant safety and operational problem resulting in diminished alertness and performance. Research demonstrates that stimulant medications maintain alertness and performance in sleep-deprived aircrew. However, these studies control many of the variables present during combat operations. Few studies have evaluated fatigue or the factors and effects associated with stimulant use in fighter aircrew during combat operations. The study consisted of three questionnaires administered to 29 deployed F-1 5E aircrew participants. An initial questionnaire compiled demographic and sleep behavior data. Pre- and postflight questionnaires for each sortie collected substance use, fatigue, and physical symptoms data. Regression analysis identified variables associated with in-flight stimulant use. Surveys were completed for 111 sorties averaging 7.6 h in duration. Stimulants were used on 35% of sorties an average of 2.8 h after takeoff. Stimulant use was associated with a decrease in in-flight and postflight fatigue without significant differences in postflight symptoms. Sorties airborne during the circadian trough, longer sortie durations, and preflight hypnotic use displayed statistically significant associations with in-flight stimulant use. In-flight stimulants decrease fatigue during combat operations without significant postflight symptoms. During combat, stimulants were used earlier, at lower doses, and on shorter sorties than previously thought. The factors associated with stimulant use are potentially modifiable by improving training and aircrew scheduling practices. Furthermore, current policies authorizing stimulant use, based primarily on sortie duration, should also consider hypnotic use, inconsistent aircrew scheduling, and circadian disruption.

  16. [Fractures of the proximal interphalangeal joint: Diagnostic and operative therapy options].

    PubMed

    Unglaub, F; Langer, M F; Hahn, P; Müller, L P; Ahrens, C; Spies, C K

    2016-02-01

    Joint fractures of the fingers often entail operative interventions in contrast to extra-articular fractures. These types of fracture are inclined to dislocate in addition to the actual fracture. The proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint in particular often shows comminuted fractures due to the long leverage of the finger and a relatively small diameter of the joint. The clinical examination, X-ray diagnostics and if necessary computed tomography allow the classification into stable and unstable fractures. Unstable fractures must be treated by surgical reduction and fixation. A multitude of operative techniques are available for these mostly complicated fractures. The foremost goal is a stable osteosynthesis of the fracture with repositioning of the dislocation, which enables early physiotherapy in order to prevent tendon adhesion and contracture. This article presents the different types of PIP joint fractures, their specific surgical treatment and postoperative treatment regimens.

  17. Interior noise and vibration measurements on operational military helicopters and comparisons with various ride quality criteria

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clevenson, S. A.; Leatherwood, J. D.; Hollenbaugh, D. D.

    1983-01-01

    The results of physical measurements of the interior noise and vibration obtained within eight operational military helicopters are presented. The data were extensively analyzed and are presented in the following forms: noise and vibration spectra, overall root-mean-square acceleration levels in three linear axes, peak accelerations at dominant blade passage frequencies, acceleration exceedance data, and overall and ""A'' weighted sound pressure levels. Peak acceleration levels were compared to the ISO 1-hr reduced comfort and fatigue decreased proficiency boundaries and the NASA discomfort criteria. The ""A'' weighted noise levels were compared to the NASA annoyance criteria, and the overall noise spectra were compared to MIL-STD-1294 (""Acoustical Noise Limits in Helicopters''). Specific vibration components at blade passage frequencies for several aircraft exceeded both the ISO reduced comfort boundary and the NASA passenger discomfort criteria. The ""A'' weighted noise levels, corrected for SPH-4 helmet attenuation characteristics, exceeded the NASA annoyance threshold for several aircraft.

  18. Interior noise and vibration measurements on operational military helicopters and comparisons with various ride quality criteria

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clevenson, S. A.; Leatherwood, J. D.; Hollenbaugh, D. D.

    1983-08-01

    The results of physical measurements of the interior noise and vibration obtained within eight operational military helicopters are presented. The data were extensively analyzed and are presented in the following forms: noise and vibration spectra, overall root-mean-square acceleration levels in three linear axes, peak accelerations at dominant blade passage frequencies, acceleration exceedance data, and overall and ""A'' weighted sound pressure levels. Peak acceleration levels were compared to the ISO 1-hr reduced comfort and fatigue decreased proficiency boundaries and the NASA discomfort criteria. The ""A'' weighted noise levels were compared to the NASA annoyance criteria, and the overall noise spectra were compared to MIL-STD-1294 (""Acoustical Noise Limits in Helicopters''). Specific vibration components at blade passage frequencies for several aircraft exceeded both the ISO reduced comfort boundary and the NASA passenger discomfort criteria. The ""A'' weighted noise levels, corrected for SPH-4 helmet attenuation characteristics, exceeded the NASA annoyance threshold for several aircraft.

  19. Joint position paper on rural surgery and operative delivery.

    PubMed

    Iglesias, Stuart; Kornelsen, Jude; Woollard, Robert; Caron, Nadine; Warnock, Garth; Friesen, Randall; Miles, Peter; Vogt Haines, Victoria; Batchelor, Bret; Blake, Jenny; Mazowita, Garey; Wyman, Roy; Geller, Brian; de Klerk, Braam

    2015-01-01

    Our professional organizations have prepared this paper as part of an integrated, multidisciplinary plan to ensure the availability of well-trained practitioner teams to sustain safe, effective and high-quality rural surgical and operative delivery services. Without these robust local (or nearby) surgical services, sustaining rural maternity care is much more difficult. This paper describes the "network model" as a health human resources solution to meet the surgical needs, including operative delivery, of rural residents; outlines necessary policy directions for achieving this solution; and poses a series of enabling recommendations.

  20. Interdependence, Interoperability, and Integration: Joint Force Analysis at the Operational Level

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-01

    Services, 1. 23 Robert 0. Keohane and JosephS. Nye , Power and Interdependence, third edition, New York: Longman Press, 2001, 4. 24 Chuck Harrison. "How...Assistance in Military Operations: The Least-Worst Option to Fill the U.S. Capacity Gap, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania: August 2010 Keohane ...Robert 0. and Nye , JosephS., Power and Interdependence, third edition, New York, New York: Longman Press, 2001 Krause, Michael D. and Phillips, R. Cody

  1. The Command and Control of Communications in Joint and Combined Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-06-03

    on the mission, theater and communications factors. A discussion of the functional areas for management of joint communications closes the thesis...mission, theater and communications factors. A discussion of the functional areas for management of joint communications closes the thesis. Acc uý:ion For...TABLES Table Page 1 Comparison of Crisis Action Planning Phases and JTF Operational Phases . . . 25 2 Activity Sets for Management of Battlefield

  2. Building a Better Trojan Horse: Emerging Army Roles in Joint Urban Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-01-01

    Building a Better Trojan Horse : Emerging Army Roles in Joint Urban Operations A Monograph by MAJ Christopher H. Beckert Infantry, U.S. Army School...xx-xx-2000 to xx-xx-2000 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Building a Better Trojan Horse : Emerging Army Roles in Joint...TELEPHONE NUMBER International Area Code Area Code Telephone Number 703 767-9007 DSN 427-9007 2 Abstract BUILDING A BETTER TROJAN HORSE : EMERGING ARMY

  3. The effects of joint torque, pace and work:rest ratio on powered hand tool operations.

    PubMed

    Lin, Jia-Hua; McGorry, Raymond W; Maikala, Rammohan V

    2012-01-01

    Repetitive use of hand-held power tools is associated with work-related upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders. Using a pneumatic nutrunner, 21 men completed twelve 360 repetitive fastener-driving sessions on three joints (hard, soft and control) at slow and fast pace, and two different work:rest patterns. Handgrip force and perceived exertions were collected throughout each session. For the control joint, the mean grip force exerted was 39.6% of maximum voluntary exertion (MVE) whereas during hard and soft joint sessions it was 48.9% MVE and 56.9% MVE, respectively. Throughout each session, the grip force decreased, more while operating soft and hard joints as compared with the control joint (regression slope: -0.022 and -0.023, compared with -0.007 N/drive, respectively), suggesting considerable upper extremity muscular effort by participants during torque buildup. Fast work pace resulted in higher average grip forces by participants but a greater decrease in the force as the session progressed. Providing rest breaks reduced perceived exertions. The findings gain additional knowledge for assembly task design to possibly reduce the hand/arm injury risks for the operator. Practitioner Summary: Powered hand tools are widely used in assembly and manufacturing industries. However, the nature of their repetitive use on human operator biomechanical and perceptual responses is not fully understood. This study examined work-related risk factors such as joint torque, pace and work:rest ratios on powered hand tool performance.

  4. Automated Support for Rapid Coordination of Joint UUV Operation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-01

    Figure 20. MOOS -IvP Simulation Test Run Using the pMarineViewer Graphical User Interface, from [9...Global Positioning System ISR intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance MAUV multiple AUVs Mbps megabits per second MOOS -IvP mission oriented...it to UUV coordination. D. Jiang et al. used the mission-oriented operating suite interval programming ( MOOS -IvP) architecture (open source) and a

  5. Command, Cooperation, and Control for Joint Distributed Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-02-13

    order to provide a sufficient C4 support system, adhoc and homegrown network capability was purchased and built by the battalion. Adequate secret...Marine a collector” and universal spotter. Next, the Marine Corps will field equipment sets to the distributed units necessary to network and...forward-deployed Marine Expeditionary Brigades at sea, (would be) fully capable of conducting globally networked distributed operations in all

  6. Operation TEAPOT. Report of the Test Manager Joint Test Organization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-11-01

    pation. The approved initial organization included AEC, DOD and FCDA at the policy level but concentrated operating responsibility fully in the FODA ...noted that some interference wa created in varying degrees to the Weapons Devel- opment program during the FODA Open Shot program outlined as follows...equipment and perscnnel for the Yucca Lake airstrip. SI i. Provided, limited administrative -and logistic support at Kirtland AFB, New Mexico , to

  7. Enhanced Army Airborne Forces: A New Joint Operational Capability

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    appropriate one, the next steps should include the following: • Refine the operational concepts associated with a new airborne light armored infantry...such as the SA-18, have seekers coated with lead sulfide and indium antimonide, which is sensitive to electromagnetic energy out to 5 micrometers. This...right for the airborne force. If this direction appears to be an appropriate one, the next steps should include the following: • Refine the

  8. Barriers, Obstacles, and Mine Warfare for Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-04-26

    which are designed directly to meet challenges from barriers , obstacles , land mines, and other explosive hazards. These three are breaching operations...Provide Security . Barriers , obstacles , and minefields can be used in critical areas along the flanks of advancing forces to restrict enemy attacks. At...flank security . Shallows, reefs, and other maritime hazards can be used at sea. Existing barriers and obstacles can be strengthened with reinforcing

  9. Joint Operational Problems in the Cuban Missile Crisis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-03-01

    Cuban exiles to overthrow Fidel Castro’s regime. Unlike the 1961 disaster at the Bay of Pigs, this 1962 plan, code-named " Mongoose ," allegedly was...to be accompanied by conventional American air and ground attacks on Cu ba2 Quite apart from the alleged Mongoose Plan, the crisis began much...operations plans at any time on or after 20 October. Thus, quite apart from any support for the Bay of Pigs sequel, Mongoose , the armed forces

  10. Human Factor Assessment in Support of Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-04

    Richard Ellingham, Philip Fatolitis, Tom Isom, David Ivezic, William Mangan, Andrew McClelland , Ethan Olberding, David Simpson, and David Wilson...Ability or Training, Lack of Motivation , Inadequate Preparation, Physical Injury or Illness, Substance Use or Abuse, Emotional Stress, Inadequate or...Operational Warfare: Theory and Practice (Newport, RI: U.S. Naval War College, 2007), VIII-95. 9 Ibid. 10 Ibid, VIII-96, 97. 11 Chairman. U.S

  11. Joint Operations in the American Civil War: Blessings and Blunders

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-04

    land by holding, occupying, and possessing federal property in the South.10 In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow countrymen, and not in mine , is the...western Rebel states – Arkansas , Louisiana, and Texas – from the Confederate Capital of Richmond, and 3) support land-based operations by amphibious...forces. Napoleon abandoned his 13 objective of a decisive engagement with the Russians and forced them to fight. Although Napoleon gained his

  12. 14 CFR 119.55 - Obtaining deviation authority to perform operations under a U.S. military contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Obtaining deviation authority to perform operations under a U.S. military contract. 119.55 Section 119.55 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... certificate holder that has a contract with the U.S. Department of Defense's Air Mobility Command (AMC) must...

  13. U.S. Army Helicopters and U.S. Air Force Expeditionary Forces: Implications for Halting Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-06-01

    tried and proven day and night tank killer with excellent tactical range, target standoff and loiter time. Its capabilities enhance, complement, and...in Military Operations Jan S. Breemer, December 2000 20 Using Lasers in Space: Laser Orbital Debris Removal and Asteroid Deflection Jonathan W

  14. Military Review, Volume 74, Number 1. January 1994. FM 100-5 and Operations Other than War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-01-01

    to a great degree, Havana province. Aguica prison in Matanzas determine the completion of Army province, Villa Marista detention center in...operations. however, is not the 68 January 1994 o MILITARY REVIEW A WWIJI Almanact~ i ~ The Landings at Anzio Major Francis A. Galgano Jr., US Army

  15. Coordinated ground system for joint science operations for the ExoMars2016 TGO mission.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nazarov, Vladimir; Heather, David; Frew, David; Eismont, Natan; Manaud, Nicolas; Ledkov, Anton; Nazirov, Ravil; Metcalfe, Leo; Cardesin, Alejandro; Konoplev, Veniamin; Korotkov, Fedor; Batanov, Oleg; Brumfitt, Jon; Alvarez, Rub; Martin, Patrick; Melnik, Anton; Tretiakov, Alexey; Villacorta, Antonio

    International collaboration is increasingly important for space science missions, often requiring joint operations activity. Such an approach is extremely important for studies of planets and other bodies of the Solar system that usually require high budget for their realization. In addition, as the development of international payloads for such missions is a well-established practice, the establishment of common ground systems for joint science operations is an important feature. Benefits of such an approach are evident: • More science return • Reduced the cost • More redundancy • Technology exchange But on the other hand, common systems for joint operations pose some specific difficulties, such as: • Different review procedures in the developing organisations • Incompatible documentation structures (“document tree”) • A risk of producing a “multiheaded dragon” (inefficient/duplicated task distributions) • Different base technologies • Language problems This article describes approaches for resolving these problems on the basis of the coordinated system for joint science operations for the ExoMars2016 mission, which is at the design stage now. The architecture of the system, the scenario of distributed but joint data management, as well as some methodological and technological aspects, will be discussed

  16. A Primer on Fire Support for Joint Special Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-04-15

    been "a battery commander with the 99th Field Artillery (Pack) at Fort Hoyle , Maryland." 3 7 The addition of the provisional cannon company to the Force...gatherer for special operations.143 ROLE OF THE FIRE SUPPORT OFFICER During a recent interview, Major General Fred F. Marty, Commandant of the Field...143. Ibid., 722-724. 144. Fred F. Marty, Major General, U.S. Army, Commandant of the U.S. Army Field Artillery School, Fort Sill, Oklahoma, interview by

  17. A Simulation to Evaluate Joint Military Logistics in a Humanitarian Assistance Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-01

    THESIS Presented to the Faculty Department of Operational Science Graduate School of Engineering and Management Air Force...Science in Logistics and Supply Chain Management Ryan S. Fisher, BS Captain, USAF March 2012 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: APPROVED...Group CRN Common Random Numbers DOE Design Of Experiments ETMSC Enhanced Traffic Management System Counts EXPO Exponential FAA Federal Aviation

  18. Operative treatment of cervicobrachialgia and vertigo due to uncovertebral joint arthritis.

    PubMed

    Del Sasso, L; Mondini, A; Brambilla, S; Pampuri, M; Martini, P

    1991-12-01

    In the field of cervical spondylosis, cervicobrachialgia caused by uncovertebral joint arthritis has been well defined and classified, as it is seen quite commonly in clinical practice. Non-operative treatment relieves the symptoms in most cases. Operative treatment is used when the neurovascular structures are involved and the patient does not respond to conservative treatment. The authors present the surgical technique they employed on 38 patients with neck and arm pain due to uncovertebral joint arthritis, and they report the long-term results.

  19. Selection of stirling engine parameter and modes of joint operation with the Topaz II

    SciTech Connect

    Kirillov, E.Y.; Ogloblin, B.G.; Shalaev, A.I.

    1996-03-01

    In addition to a high-temperature thermionic conversion cycle, application of a low-temperature machine cycle, such as the Stirling engine, is being considered. To select the optimum mode for joint operation of the Topaz II system and Stirling engine, output electric parameters are obtained as a function of thermal power released in the TFE fuel cores. The hydraulic diagram used for joint operation of the Topaz II and the Stirling engine is considered. Requirements to hydraulic characteristics of the Stirling engine heat exchanges are formulated. Scope of necessary modifications to mount the Stirling Engine on the Topaz II is estimated. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  20. Working Together during Noncombatant Evacuation Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-23

    ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER Joint Military Operations Department Naval War College 686 Cushing Road...terrorist threats or attacks. Ten other evacuations in Southeast Asia resulted from the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in the

  1. Joint Space Operations Center (JSpOC) Mission System (JMS)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morton, M.; Roberts, T.

    2011-09-01

    US space capabilities benefit the economy, national security, international relationships, scientific discovery, and our quality of life. Realizing these space responsibilities is challenging not only because the space domain is increasingly congested, contested, and competitive but is further complicated by the legacy space situational awareness (SSA) systems approaching end of life and inability to provide the breadth of SSA and command and control (C2) of space forces in this challenging domain. JMS will provide the capabilities to effectively employ space forces in this challenging domain. Requirements for JMS were developed based on regular, on-going engagement with the warfighter. The use of DoD Architecture Framework (DoDAF) products facilitated requirements scoping and understanding and transferred directly to defining and documenting the requirements in the approved Capability Development Document (CDD). As part of the risk reduction efforts, the Electronic System Center (ESC) JMS System Program Office (SPO) fielded JMS Capability Package (CP) 0 which includes an initial service oriented architecture (SOA) and user defined operational picture (UDOP) along with force status, sensor management, and analysis tools. Development efforts are planned to leverage and integrate prototypes and other research projects from Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Air Force Research Laboratories, Space Innovation and Development Center, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology/Lincoln Laboratories. JMS provides a number of benefits to the space community: a reduction in operational “transaction time” to accomplish key activities and processes; ability to process the increased volume of metric observations from new sensors (e.g., SBSS, SST, Space Fence), as well as owner/operator ephemerides thus enhancing the high accuracy near-real-time catalog, and greater automation of SSA data sharing supporting collaboration with government, civil, commercial, and foreign

  2. Lead Turning the Fight: The Joint Operational Access Concept and Joint Doctrine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    mortars, and missiles; naval and land mines; ground maneuver units; and antiaircraft artillery Space and cyber attacks on the systems and...ballistic and cruise missiles; long-range reconnaissance and surveillance systems; antisatellite weapons; submarine forces; and cyber attack ...networked, integrated, and attack -in-depth” operations across land, sea, air, space, and cyber domains in order to counter A2/AD capabilities and provide

  3. Coup d’Oeil: Military Geography and the Operational Level of War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-05-16

    17566 School of Advanced Military Studies United States Army Command. and General Staff College SFort Leavenworth, Kansas Second Term 90-91 Approved...ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER(S) 6a. NAME OF PERFORMING ORGANIZATION |6b. OFFICE SYMBOL 7a. NAME OF MONITORING ORGANIZATION School of Advanced Military I...lsed until exhauited. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE All other~editir,ns are obsolete. URCLASSIFIT UNCLASSIFIED SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES

  4. The challenge of civil-military relations in international peace operations.

    PubMed

    Pugh, M

    2001-12-01

    The relationship between military and civilian humanitarian organisations has developed in an increasingly integrative way. Military initiatives to institutionalise the relationship, since the interventions in Somalia and the Balkans, entail a dilution of humanitarian independence as was manifested in practice in Kosovo. Further, the state-centric foundations of military intervention run counter to the potential for humanitarian organisations to foster a cosmopolitan ethos that would not only preserve humanitarian principles but also contest statist assumptions about conflict, development and power.

  5. Redefining Information Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    ndupress .ndu.edu issue 69, 2 nd quarter 2013 / JFQ 109 W hether it is strategic com -munication, information operations, or cyberspace operations...Force continues to increase the number of behavioral influence analysts, integrating them into joint com - mands.3 In August 2012, the Joint Forces...previously known as psychological operations, electronic warfare, and military deception. This change should benefit the force. First, it allows the com

  6. The outcome of patients in traumatic cardiac arrest presenting to deployed military medical treatment facilities: data from the UK Joint Theatre Trauma Registry.

    PubMed

    Barnard, Ed B G; Hunt, P A F; Lewis, P E H; Smith, J E

    2017-10-06

    The UK military was continuously engaged in armed conflict in Iraq and Afghanistan between 2003 and 2014, resulting in 629 UK fatalities. Traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) is a precursor to traumatic death, but data on military outcomes are limited. In order to better inform military treatment protocols, the aim of this study was to define the epidemiology of TCA in the military population with a particular focus on survival rates and injury patterns. A retrospective database analysis of the UK Joint Theatre Trauma Registry was undertaken. Patients who were transported to a UK deployed hospital between 2003 and 2014 and suffered TCA were included. Those patients injured by asphyxiation, electrocution, burns without other significant trauma and drowning were excluded. Data included mechanism of injury, Injury Severity Score (ISS), Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) for each body region and survival to deployed (Role 3) field hospital discharge. 424 TCA patients were identified during the study period; median age was 23 years, with a median ISS of 45. The most common mechanism of injury was explosive (55.7%), followed by gunshot wound (38.9%), road traffic collision (3.5%), crush (1.7%) and fall (0.2%). 45 patients (10.6% (95% CI 8.0% to 13.9%)) survived to deployed (Role 3) hospital discharge. The most prevalent body region with a severe to maximum AIS injury was the head, followed by the lower limbs, thorax and abdomen. Haemorrhage secondary to abdominal and lower limb injury was associated with survival; traumatic brain injury was associated with death. This study has shown that short-term survival from TCA in a military population is 10.6%. With appropriate and aggressive early management, although unlikely, survival is still potentially possible in military patients who suffer traumatic cardiac arrest. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise

  7. Employment of a joint medical task force in a counterinsurgency operational environment.

    PubMed

    Avery, Scott; Holman, Vincent

    2008-01-01

    To understand the complexity of the medical task force mission in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom, we must first understand the operational environment and its impact on the military healthcare system and the medical task force charged with its execution in theater. Historically the medical task force has focused almost exclusively on delivering a robust and accessible set of level II and III care and force health protection support since operations began in Iraq. Consequently, after 5 years of stable positioning, security, and infrastructure within our bases there were no discernable standardization of healthcare support, clinical quality, or medical equipment beyond what the units had chosen to adopt. Task Force 62 Medical Brigade has taken advantage of this unique time in history to place a concerted focus on institutionalizing our combat healthcare system and meeting the challenges of the counterinsurgency operational environment. Whereas our predecessors rightly focused on delivering combat health support during their tenure, we focused on the future, laying the foundation for the eventual transition to an environment similar to that in the Republic of Korea as the security situation improves. The foundation laid during Operation Iraqi Freedom 07-09 can be the foundation for the Army and the military healthcare system's vision in creating and modifying the delivery of US standard healthcare in a combat theater.

  8. A literature review of the military uses of silver-nylon dressings with emphasis on wartime operations.

    PubMed

    Barillo, David J; Pozza, Morano; Margaret-Brandt, Mary

    2014-12-01

    Medical support of military operations involves treatment of massive soft tissue wounds, thermal burns, open fractures, blast injuries and traumatic amputations under conditions that are often austere and far from supply lines. Military hospitals, as recently deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan, are designed and equipped for stabilization and rapid transfer of injured patients back to their home nation. These austere facilities are often tasked with the emergency or long-term treatment of local populations when injured or burned, further stressing the medical resupply system. Pathogens encountered in contemporary wartime practice are increasingly resistant to antibiotics. Ionic silver is bactericidal against a broad spectrum of bacteria, yeasts and fungi, has been utilized as a topical antiseptic for over 100 years, and has no known clinically-relevant resistance. Silver-nylon dressings, initially stocked in US military hospitals as a burn dressing, are now finding utility as a universal dressing for all types of combat wounds. Compared to conventional burn dressings, they are easier to transport and store, easier to use, and do not need to be changed as frequently, allowing for conservation of nursing resources. In this literature review, the recent military uses of silver-nylon dressings are examined. The stockpiling and use of silver-nylon as a universal military burn and wound dressing is advocated.

  9. Respiratory disease among military personnel in Saudi Arabia during Operation Desert Shield.

    PubMed Central

    Richards, A L; Hyams, K C; Watts, D M; Rozmajzl, P J; Woody, J N; Merrell, B R

    1993-01-01

    OBJECTIVES. The purpose of this study was to determine whether respiratory disease due to crowded living conditions and high levels of suspended and blowing sand had a major adverse impact on US military personnel during Operation Desert Shield. METHODS. A questionnaire survey was administered to 2598 combat troops stationed in Northeast Saudi Arabia for a mean of 102 days. Samples of surface sand from seven different locations were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction. RESULTS. Among surveyed troops, 34.4% reported a sore throat, 43.1% complained of a cough, 15.4% complained of chronic rhinorrhea, and 1.8% were unable to perform their routine duties because of upper respiratory symptoms. Evaluation of sleeping accommodations indicated that complaints of a sore throat and cough were most closely associated with sleeping in air-conditioned buildings; in contrast, complaints of rhinorrhea were associated with exposure to the outdoor environment while living in tents. Sand samples consisted mostly of quartz, with just 0.21% by weight of respirable size (< 10 microns in diameter). CONCLUSIONS. These findings indicate that upper respiratory complaints were frequent among Operation Desert Shield troops and were related both to the troops' housing and to their exposure to the outside environment. PMID:8363011

  10. Measurement and prediction of noise from low-altitude military aircraft operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barry, Bernard F.; Payne, Richard C.; Harris, Anthony L.; Weston, Ralph J.

    1992-04-01

    In response to the rapid growth in demand for information on noise levels around military airfields in the UK, NPL developed AIRNOISE, a mathematical model for computing aircraft noise contours. Since its first applications in 1981, the model has been used to determine zones of eligibility within the MoD compensation scheme. The model has been subject to continuous development, e.g., the incorporation of Harrier V/STOL operations. We have now extended the model to include noise from high-speed, low-level operations. The model predicts not only maximum levels but the complete time-history, so that the time-onset rate can be estimated. To aid refinement and validation of the model, a special exercise has been conducted in which Tornado, Harrier, Jaguar, Hawk, F-15 and F-16 aircraft have flown straight and level at heights between about 100 and 400 feet, at various speeds and engine power settings over an array of microphones. This paper describes the trial and the results obtained. The prediction model is outlined and comparisons made between predictions and measurements.

  11. Converting a commercial electric direct-drive robot to operate from joint torque commands

    SciTech Connect

    Muir, P.F.

    1991-07-01

    Many robot control algorithms for high performance in-contact operations including hybrid force/position, stiffness control and impedance control approaches require the command the joint torques. However, most commercially available robots do not provide joint torque command capabilities. The joint command at the user level is typically position or velocity and at the control developer level is voltage, current, or pulse-width, and the torque generated is a nonlinear function of the command and joint position. To enable the application of high performance in-contact control algorithms to commercially available robots, and thereby facilitate technology transfer from the robot control research community to commercial applications, an methodology has been developed to linearize the torque characteristics of electric motor-amplifier combinations. A four degree of freedom Adept 2 robot, having pulse-width modulation amplifiers and both variable reluctance and brushless DC motors, is converted to operate from joint torque commands to demonstrate the methodology. The commercial robot controller is replaced by a VME-based system incorporating special purpose hardware and firmware programmed from experimental data. The performance improvement is experimentally measured and graphically displayed using three-dimensional plots of torque vs command vs position. The average percentage torque deviation over the command and position ranges is reduced from as much as 76% to below 5% for the direct-drive joints 1, 2 and 4 and is cut by one half in the remaining ball-screw driven joint 3. Further, the torque deviation of the direct-drive joints drops below 2.5% if only the upper 90% of the torque range is considered. 23 refs., 20 figs., 2 tabs.

  12. Perceptions of current and recent military internal medicine residents on operational medicine, managed care, graduate medical education, and continued military service.

    PubMed

    Salerno, S; Cash, B; Cranston, M; Schoomaker, E

    1998-06-01

    Current and recent internal medicine residents were surveyed on their level of confidence in practicing operational medicine, satisfaction with graduate medical education, the impact of TRICARE, the military managed care plan, on their patients and education, and intentions on remaining in uniformed service. Their sentiments were recorded on a five-point Likert scale (1 = strongly agree, 3 = neutral, 5 = strongly disagree). Two hundred twenty-one of the 294 surveys were returned (75.2%). Most physicians felt unprepared to perform duties in a nuclear, biological, or chemical warfare environment, or handle administrative aspects of operational medicine (mean scores, 3.2-3.7). A majority of respondents felt satisfied with the quality of their residency experience (mean score, 1.9). Although more than half of those surveyed (53.6%) listed the opportunity to teach residents as a top factor influencing their retention decision, most felt skeptical that graduate medical education would remain important in the future (mean score, 3.6). Most physicians agreed that restriction of TRICARE to patients less than 65 years old may degrade the quality of military internal medicine residencies (mean score, 1.6). Previous service, Reserve Officer Training Corps experience, and graduation from the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences were factors associated with increased physician intention to remain beyond their obligated service. The most common factors inducing physicians to leave the military included frequent deployments, relocations, and financial compensation. Factors cited most frequently as influencing physicians to stay on active duty included high-quality colleagues, opportunities for teaching residents, and freedom from malpractice and office management details.

  13. C2 after Contact with the Adversary: Execution of Military Operations as Dynamic Decision Making

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    1 16th ICCRTS “Collective C2 in Multinational Civil -Military Operations” C2 after Contact with the Adversary Execution of Military...France. Sterman, J. (1989), Misconceptions of feedbac in dynamic decision making. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Proceses , 43, 301-335

  14. Robonaut activities involving joint task operations with a EVA suited astronaut

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2003-06-17

    Photographic documentation of Robonaut activities involving joint task operations with a EVA suited astronaut (Nancy Currie) in bldg 9N,rm 1113 (Robonaut lab). Close-up view of Currie (in her EMU) working with the Robonauts (00299). Currie and one Robonaut work at a task .

  15. Joint Task Force - Bravo: The U.S. Military Presence in Honduras, U.S. Policy for an Evolving Region

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-05-06

    cultural machismo of Latin American militaries makes rank very important in the minds of Latin American officers. Also, the DAO and USMilGP positions are...elected in Nicaragua. The military dictatorship in Haiti, recent coup attempt in Venezuela and insurgency in Mexico point to a Hemisphere that is not

  16. Joint Chemical Defense for the Rear Battle: Main Operating Bases in NATO’s Central Region

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-04-01

    Specifically , the Air Force needs to develop a doctrine publications set to support air base operations the way Army Field Manuals 3-3. 3-4, 3-5, and 3...operational suitability of existing doctrine for joint, fiad site CUD opeoations. The Appendix will list specific problems using the following format...eyes and respiratory tract, a two-piece (jacket and pants) permeable overgarment (commonly called the Battle Dress Overgarment or BDO ) to protect the

  17. Learning from Our Military History: The United States Army, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and the Potential for Operational Art and Thinking

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-14

    command. The Necessity of Military History for Command Leadership Military educators might, of course, console themselves with the reminder that...also Robert Roberts, “Emotions in the Christian Tradition,” The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2011 Edition). The claim compassion is good...or virtuous, has perhaps more to do with a particular Judeo- Christian tradition and worldview that exalts suffering, both actual and vicarious

  18. Comparative Occupational Survey of Civilian and Military Members in the Pavements Maintenance and Construction Equipment Operator Specialties. Final Report for Period 1 October 1975-30 October 1977.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowan, Douglas K.

    A study was conducted to analyze and compare the job performance of civil service and military pavements maintenance workers and construction equipment operators. A military sample of 2,675 and a civilian sample of 1,974 were surveyed by means of a job inventory checklist and relative time spent rating method. Of the three job types that were…

  19. Ultrafine Particle Distribution and Chemical Composition Assessment during Military Operative Trainings.

    PubMed

    Campagna, Marcello; Pilia, Ilaria; Marcias, Gabriele; Frattolillo, Andrea; Pili, Sergio; Bernabei, Manuele; d'Aloja, Ernesto; Cocco, Pierluigi; Buonanno, Giorgio

    2017-05-30

    (1) Background: The assessment of airborne particulate matter (PM) and ultrafine particles (UFPs) in battlefield scenarios is a topic of particular concern; (2) Methods: Size distribution, concentration, and chemical composition of UFPs during operative military training activities (target drone launches, ammunition blasting, and inert bomb impact) were investigated using an electric low-pressure impactor (ELPI+) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM), equipped with energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS); (3) Results: The median of UFPs, measured for all sampling periods and at variable distance from sources, was between 1.02 × 10³ and 3.75 × 10³ particles/cm³ for drone launches, between 3.32 × 10³ and 15.4 × 10³ particles/cm³ for the ammunition blasting and from 7.9 × 10³ to 1.3 × 10⁴ particles/cm³ for inert launches. Maximum peak concentrations, during emitting sources starting, were 75.5 × 10⁶ and 17.9 × 10⁶ particles/cm³, respectively. Particles from the drone launches were predominantly composed of silicon (Si), iron (Fe) and calcium (Ca), and those from the blasting campaigns by magnesium (Mg), sulphur (S), aluminum (Al), iron (Fe), barium (Ba) and silicon (Si); (4) Conclusions: The investigated sources produced UFPs with median values lower than other anthropogenic sources, and with a similar chemical composition.

  20. Repeated concussion among U.S. military personnel during Operation Iraqi Freedom.

    PubMed

    MacGregor, Andrew J; Dougherty, Amber L; Morrison, Rosemary H; Quinn, Kimberly H; Galarneau, Michael R

    2011-01-01

    Concussions are a predominant injury of the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. The aims of this study were to describe repeated concussive events among U.S. military personnel injured in Operation Iraqi Freedom and examine subsequent healthcare utilization. We reviewed clinical records from the Expeditionary Medical Encounter Database to identify service members with repeat concussions. We abstracted demographic and injury-specific variables, calculated time between events, and identified healthcare utilization from electronic medical databases. Overall, 113 personnel experienced more than one concussion between 2004 and 2008. A majority of these incidents were blast related. The median time between events was 40 days, with 20% experiencing a second event within 2 weeks of the first and 87% within 3 months. Time between events was not associated with severity of the second event. Greater severity of the second concussive event was associated with higher postinjury utilization of mental health and neurology services. This study is one of the first to describe repeated concussions in a combat setting. We found that repeated concussions occur within a short interval among deployed personnel, although the effects of the first event are unclear. Further research is needed to define the effect of repeated concussions on the health of combat veterans.

  1. Emissions from open burning of simulated military waste from forward operating bases.

    PubMed

    Aurell, Johanna; Gullett, Brian K; Yamamoto, Dirk

    2012-10-16

    Emissions from open burning of simulated military waste from forward operating bases (FOBs) were extensively characterized as an initial step in assessing potential inhalation exposure of FOB personnel and future disposal alternatives. Emissions from two different burning scenarios, so-called "burn piles/pits" and an air curtain burner/"burn box", were compared using simulated FOB waste from municipal and commercial sources. A comprehensive array of emissions was quantified, including CO(2), PM(2.5), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and -furans (PCDDs/PCDFs), polybrominated dibenzodioxins and -furans (PBDDs/PBDFs), and metals. In general, smoldering conditions in the burn box and the burn pile led to similar emissions. However, when the burn box underwent periodic waste charging to maintain sustained combustion, PM(2.5), VOCs, and PAH emissions dropped considerably compared to smoldering conditions and the overall burn pile results. The PCDD/PCDF and PBDD/PBDF emission factors for the burn piles were 50 times higher than those from the burn box likely due to the dominance of smoldering combustion in the burn piles.

  2. Decentralized operating procedures for orchestrating data and behavior across distributed military systems and assets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peach, Nicholas

    2011-06-01

    In this paper, we present a method for a highly decentralized yet structured and flexible approach to achieve systems interoperability by orchestrating data and behavior across distributed military systems and assets with security considerations addressed from the beginning. We describe an architecture of a tool-based design of business processes called Decentralized Operating Procedures (DOP) and the deployment of DOPs onto run time nodes, supporting the parallel execution of each DOP at multiple implementation nodes (fixed locations, vehicles, sensors and soldiers) throughout a battlefield to achieve flexible and reliable interoperability. The described method allows the architecture to; a) provide fine grain control of the collection and delivery of data between systems; b) allow the definition of a DOP at a strategic (or doctrine) level by defining required system behavior through process syntax at an abstract level, agnostic of implementation details; c) deploy a DOP into heterogeneous environments by the nomination of actual system interfaces and roles at a tactical level; d) rapidly deploy new DOPs in support of new tactics and systems; e) support multiple instances of a DOP in support of multiple missions; f) dynamically add or remove run-time nodes from a specific DOP instance as missions requirements change; g) model the passage of, and business reasons for the transmission of each data message to a specific DOP instance to support accreditation; h) run on low powered computers with lightweight tactical messaging. This approach is designed to extend the capabilities of existing standards, such as the Generic Vehicle Architecture (GVA).

  3. Ultrafine Particle Distribution and Chemical Composition Assessment during Military Operative Trainings

    PubMed Central

    Campagna, Marcello; Pilia, Ilaria; Marcias, Gabriele; Frattolillo, Andrea; Pili, Sergio; Bernabei, Manuele; d’Aloja, Ernesto; Cocco, Pierluigi; Buonanno, Giorgio

    2017-01-01

    (1) Background: The assessment of airborne particulate matter (PM) and ultrafine particles (UFPs) in battlefield scenarios is a topic of particular concern; (2) Methods: Size distribution, concentration, and chemical composition of UFPs during operative military training activities (target drone launches, ammunition blasting, and inert bomb impact) were investigated using an electric low-pressure impactor (ELPI+) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM), equipped with energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS); (3) Results: The median of UFPs, measured for all sampling periods and at variable distance from sources, was between 1.02 × 103 and 3.75 × 103 particles/cm3 for drone launches, between 3.32 × 103 and 15.4 × 103 particles/cm3 for the ammunition blasting and from 7.9 × 103 to 1.3 × 104 particles/cm3 for inert launches. Maximum peak concentrations, during emitting sources starting, were 75.5 × 106 and 17.9 × 106 particles/cm3, respectively. Particles from the drone launches were predominantly composed of silicon (Si), iron (Fe) and calcium (Ca), and those from the blasting campaigns by magnesium (Mg), sulphur (S), aluminum (Al), iron (Fe), barium (Ba) and silicon (Si); (4) Conclusions: The investigated sources produced UFPs with median values lower than other anthropogenic sources, and with a similar chemical composition. PMID:28556812

  4. Overseas organ donation during wartime operations: Benchmarking military performance against civilian practice.

    PubMed

    Oh, John S; Malinoski, Darren; Martin, Kathleen D; De La Cruz, J Salvador; Zonies, David

    2017-08-01

    Over the past 15 years of war, eligible U.S. military members donated organs overseas in Germany. Our hypothesis was that outcomes at a military treatment facility were comparable to a civilian cohort. Military donors were matched 1:3 with a donor cohort from the U.S. United Network for Organ Sharing. Data were compared using univariate and multivariate analysis. Significance set at p < 0.05. Forty military organ donors were compared with 116 civilian matched donors. The military cohort conversion rate was 75.5% and recovered more organs per donor (4.6 vs. 4.0, p = 0.02) with more transplants (4.2 vs 3.5, p = 0.01). Multivariate analysis controlling for sex, age, and type of organ donation showed no difference in odds of total organs donated in the military versus civilian cohort (odds ratio 2.1, 95% CI 0.87-5.24, p = 0.10). Organ donation at a military treatment facility overseas can be accomplished successfully. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  5. Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-17

    Familiar with the combat identification ( CID ) capability of both parties. (c) Able to speak the language of the command assigned. (d) Secure... CID , and is perishable. (8) Logistics. Multinational logistics is a challenge; however many issues can be resolved or mitigated by a thorough...guidance on antiterrorism, refer to JP 3-07.2, Antiterrorism. (7) CID is the process of attaining an accurate characterization of detected objects in the

  6. Teleradiology network to improve patient care in a peacekeeping military operation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cleary, Kevin R.; Levine, Betty A.; Norton, Gary S.; Mun, Seong K.; Cramer, Timothy J.; de Treville, Robert E.

    1997-05-01

    The Imaging Science and Information Systems (ISIS) Center of the Department of Radiology at Georgetown University Medical Center recently collaborated with the US Army in developing an off-the-shelf teleradiology network for Operation Joint Endeavor, the peace-keeping mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The network is part of Operation Primetime III, a project to deploy advanced communications and medical equipment to provide state-of-the-art medical care to the 20,000 US troops stationed there. The network encompasses three major sites: the 212th Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) near Tuzla, Bosnia-Herzegovina; the 67th Combat Support Hospital (CSH) in Taszar, Hungary; and the Landstuhl Regional Medical Center (LRMC) in Landstuhl, Germany. Planning for the project began in January 1996, and all three sites were operational by April 1996. Since the system was deployed, computed radiography (CR) has been sued almost exclusively at the MASH and CSH for all general x-ray exams. From mid- May to September 1996, over 2700 CR images were acquired at the MASH and over 1600 at the CSH. Since there was not a radiologist a the MASH, the images were transferred to the CSH for primary diagnosis and archiving. In the same time period, over 550 patient folders were sent from the MASH to the CSH.

  7. Automated ambulatory assessment of cognitive performance, environmental conditions, and motor activity during military operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lieberman, Harris R.; Kramer, F. Matthew; Montain, Scott J.; Niro, Philip; Young, Andrew J.

    2005-05-01

    Until recently scientists had limited opportunities to study human cognitive performance in non-laboratory, fully ambulatory situations. Recently, advances in technology have made it possible to extend behavioral assessment to the field environment. One of the first devices to measure human behavior in the field was the wrist-worn actigraph. This device, now widely employed, can acquire minute-by-minute information on an individual"s level of motor activity. Actigraphs can, with reasonable accuracy, distinguish sleep from waking, the most critical and basic aspect of human behavior. However, rapid technologic advances have provided the opportunity to collect much more information from fully ambulatory humans. Our laboratory has developed a series of wrist-worn devices, which are not much larger then a watch, which can assess simple and choice reaction time, vigilance and memory. In addition, the devices can concurrently assess motor activity with much greater temporal resolution then the standard actigraph. Furthermore, they continuously monitor multiple environmental variables including temperature, humidity, sound and light. We have employed these monitors during training and simulated military operations to collect information that would typically be unavailable under such circumstances. In this paper we will describe various versions of the vigilance monitor and how each successive version extended the capabilities of the device. Samples of data from several studies are presented, included studies conducted in harsh field environments during simulated infantry assaults, a Marine Corps Officer training course and mechanized infantry (Stryker) operations. The monitors have been useful for documenting environmental conditions experienced by wearers, studying patterns of sleep and activity and examining the effects of nutritional manipulations on warfighter performance.

  8. [Case control study of fractures-dislocations of ankle joint with conservative and operative treatment].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Song-Tu; Lin, Yi-Rong; Chen, Lian-Yuan

    2010-10-01

    To compare the clinical efficacy of grade III, IV supination-eversion fractures-dislocations of ankle joint between manipulative treatment and operative treatment. From September 2007 to December 2008, the clinical data of 60 patients with grade III, IV supination-eversion fractures-dislocations of ankle joint were retrospectively analyzed. There were 32 males and 28 females, ranging in age from 18 to 70 years with an average age of 38.17 years. All patients were respectively treated with manipulative treatment (conservative group, 30 cases) and operative treatment (operative group, 30 cases). The joint function was compared with Mazur standard; the reduction and shifting of fractures were observed with X-ray; the hospitalization day and the therapeutic cost were compared between two groups. All patients were followed up with an average of 15.27 months (ranged, 6 to 25 months). In conservative group, 16 cases got excellent result in joint function, 10 good, 3 fair, 1 poor; in operative group, 20 cases got excellent result, 8 good, 2 fair, 0 poor. In conservative group in the X-ray showed 25 cases obtained excellent and good reduction, 4 fair, 1 poor; and in operative group in the X-ray showed 28 cases obtained excellent and good reduction, 2 fair, 0 poor. There was no significant difference at the joint function and X-ray film after treatment between two groups (P > 0.05). The hospital day was respectively (7.87 +/- 3.34), (17.37 +/- 4.64) d in conservative group and operative group; and the therapeutic cost was respectively (2 506.67 +/- 649.10), (11 473.33 +/- 1 564.90) yuan. There was significant difference at hospital day and therapeutic cost between two groups (P < 0.05). Conservative treatment and operative treatment can both reach a very good result in treating grade III, IV supination-eversion fractures and dislocations of ankle joint. However, conservative treatment has advantage of high safety factor, low therapeutic cost, can reduce medical costs for

  9. Intelligence Support to Civil-Military Operations: The Application of Joint Doctrine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-04

    changes mandated by 27 MSgt Mark Haviland , USAF, “After Katrina: ACC’s Intel Team Applies... Haviland , Mark, MSgt, USAF. “After Katrina: ACC’s Intel Team Applies Lessons Learned.” Air Force Print News (31 August 2006): 1-2

  10. An Approach and Framework to Synchronize Joint Exercises and Training with Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-06

    supported by an open and free international economic system, and upheld by fundamental human rights and each nation’s responsibilities.13 As budgets...aligned with China, such as Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar , the relief effort sends the message that the United States remains the biggest power in the...disasters and transnational threats such as trafficking , piracy, proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD), terrorism, cyber-aggression, and

  11. Development of a Joint Operation Planning and Execution System Army Military Occupational Specialty

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-11

    JOPES Branch E6 25B JOPS Team Chief Army Central ASCC Future Plans Division JOPES Branch E6 88N Transportation Management Army Central ASCC Future...Plans Division JOPES Branch E5 25B Senior JOPS Analyst Army Central ASCC Future Plans Division JOPES Branch E4 25B JOPS Analyst Army Central ASCC G4...Plans JOPES Section E4 25B JOPS Analyst US Army Europe ASCC Main Command Post Manuever Plans JOPES Section E3 25B JOPS Analyst US Army Europe ASCC

  12. Multinational Operations (REV)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-07

    military operations with an acceptable level of risk . See JP 3-0, Joint Operations, and JP 4-02, Health Service Support, for information on planning...perform their mission. It will also ensure that the associated risks in utilizing contingency contracting support (force protection, health issues...Support ............................................................................................. III-36 • Health Service Support

  13. Apparatus for maintaining aligment of a shrinking weld joint in an electron-beam welding operation

    DOEpatents

    Trent, J.B.; Murphy, J.L.

    1980-01-03

    The invention is directed to an apparatus for automatically maintaining a shrinking weld joint in alignement with an electron beam during an electron-beam multipass-welding operation. The apparatus utilizes a bias means for continually urging a workpiece-supporting face plate away from a carriage mounted base that rotatably supports the face plate. The extent of displacement of the face plate away from the base in indicative of the shrinkage occuring in the weld joint area. This displacement is measured and is used to move the base on the carriage a distance equal to one-half the displacement for aligning the weld joint with the electron beam during each welding pass.

  14. Apparatus for maintaining alignment of a shrinking weld joint in an electron-beam welding operation

    DOEpatents

    Trent, Jett B.; Murphy, Jimmy L.

    1981-01-01

    The present invention is directed to an apparatus for automatically maintaining a shrinking weld joint in alignment with an electron beam during an electron-beam multipass-welding operation. The apparatus utilizes a biasing device for continually urging a workpiece-supporting face plate away from a carriage mounted base that rotatably supports the face plate. The extent of displacement of the face plate away from the base is indicative of the shrinkage occuring in the weld joint area. This displacement is measured and is used to move the base on the carriage a distance equal to one-half the displacement for aligning the weld joint with the electron beam during each welding pass.

  15. The Belgian Concept of Social-Psychological Support of Families of Military Personnel Deployed in Crisis Response Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-01

    e.g.: midlife crisis , retirement) • Social difficulties after the breakdown of a relationship or an illness, death, unexpected event (e.g...RTO-MP-HFM-134 37 - 1 The Belgian Concept of Social-Psychological Support of Families of Military Personnel Deployed in Crisis Response...Brussels BELGIUM Philippe.Manigart@rma.ac.be, Jean-Francois.Fils@rma.ac.be ABSTRACT With the multiplication of crisis response operations carried out

  16. A Present Value-Unit Cost Methodology for Evaluating Wastewater Reclamation and Direct Reuse at a Military Base of Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1974-12-01

    KEY WORDS (Conllnut on rtvtrt^ tldt II ntctttmry mnd Idtntlly by block numbtr) Waslewater reciainalion Wat(;r renovation Water reuse Present...applied to a water supply problem typical for a military operation. A relevant unit cost figure, called the "present value-unit cost" (PVUC), is...determined and applied to alternative methods for meeting a projected need for water . The concepls of reclamation am! dual supply systems are

  17. Correlation-based regularization and gradient operators for (joint) inversion on unstructured meshes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jordi, Claudio; Doetsch, Joseph; Günther, Thomas; Schmelzbach, Cedric; Robertsson, Johan

    2017-04-01

    When working with unstructured meshes for geophysical inversions, special attention should be paid to the design of the operators that are used for regularizing the inverse problem and coupling of different property models in joint inversions. Regularization constraints for inversions on unstructured meshes are often defined in a rather ad-hoc manner and usually only involve the cell to which the operator is applied and its direct neighbours. Similarly, most structural coupling operators for joint inversion, such as the popular cross-gradients operator, are only defined in the direct neighbourhood of a cell. As a result, the regularization and coupling length scales and strength of these operators depend on the discretization as well as cell sizes and shape. Especially for unstructured meshes, where the cell sizes vary throughout the model domain, the dependency of the operator on the discretization may lead to artefacts. Designing operators that are based on a spatial correlation model allows to define correlation length scales over which an operator acts (called footprint), reducing the dependency on the discretization and the effects of variable cell sizes. Moreover, correlation-based operators can accommodate for expected anisotropy by using different length scales in horizontal and vertical directions. Correlation-based regularization operators also known as stochastic regularization operators have already been successfully applied to inversions on regular grids. Here, we formulate stochastic operators for unstructured meshes and apply them in 2D surface and 3D cross-well electrical resistivity tomography data inversion examples of layered media. Especially for the synthetic cross-well example, improved inversion results are achieved when stochastic regularization is used instead of a classical smoothness constraint. For the case of cross-gradients operators for joint inversion, the correlation model is used to define the footprint of the operator and weigh

  18. Malaria on a military peacekeeping operation: a case study with no cases.

    PubMed

    Houston, David J K; Tuck, Jeremy J H

    2005-03-01

    Malaria continues to be a disease of importance to travelers and the military is no exception. Individual protection measures based on advice, bite avoidance, chemoprophylaxis, and diagnosis are advocated for protection against the disease. However, the military has an additional strand to malaria protection--the chain of command. To describe the experience of a British military deployment where the Force Commander took a proactive approach to malaria protection. In 512 person-weeks of exposure in a theater with high rates of transmission of malaria, with an enduring threat of asymmetric military action and with a proactive approach by the chain of command to the implementation of malaria protection policy, no malaria cases developed. The chain of command can have a significant impact on compliance with malaria protection measures, which might reduce incidence of the disease in the deployed population.

  19. Operational Use Of Contact Lenses By Military Aircrew (L’Utilisation Operationnelle des Lentilles de Contact)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-10-01

    WITH CONTACT Early Studies With PMMA Lenses Military contact lens research has a history of almost 50 Since the beginning of military aviation, vision...wearing histories of more than permeable lenses when they were worn by subjects exposed 10 years. to high +Gz. Their results showed that the spherical...available concerning Flynnr 3m"’ published reviews of the medical histories of 55 possible predisposing conditions, and the data may not be aviators

  20. Proceedings of Military Operations Research Symposia (Index) Volume 3. 31st through 40th inclusive

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-11-01

    health sciences. 36-34 deFlorio Barbara J (with Bernard Kornhauser), Value of Ellefsen Richard (with B Coffland and G Orr). Phyvsical close air support...LEsnman and Gus C Lee). Market Hlartman James K (with NK Weiner), Auditing cost- analysis for military volunteers: education and health effecilveness...effectiveness (WGR). 35- analysis for military volunteers: education and health 143 sciences. 36-34 Mar-shall Robert D (with WA Brown and JE Lupo. Lehowicz

  1. Transforming and Relevant: Military Police in the Operating Forces-A Paradigm Shift for the Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-04-01

    Printing Office, 11 February 1992), 1-1. Cited hereafter as U.S. Marine Corps FMFM 3-5; and Major William M. Webber , USMC, Head, Military Police Unit, HQMC...21 All organizational charts are taken from, Webber , subject: “FDP Organization Description for the...the MAGTF elements on respective core competencies, and organizes CSS to more effectively support the warfighter, see Webber , “Military Police

  2. Optimization-Based Routing and Scheduling of IED-Detection Assets in Contemporary Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-01

    Mechanical Engineering United States Military Academy, 1998 SUBMITTED TO THE SLOAN SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS OF...E. Marks Submitted to the Sloan School of Management on 14 May 2009, in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of...explosive charge and, often, some type of shrapnel. A paint can filled with home-made explosives, nuts and bolts achieves this effect. Military

  3. Ensuring Operational Readiness: Private Military Contractor Support for the United States Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-03-15

    general strategy used to test the hypotheses. In the next section, a case study is presented that provides answers to the structure focused questions...States Air Force School of Advanced Military Studies United States Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 2017 Approved...Director, School of Advanced Military Studies James C. Markert, COL Accepted this 25th day of May 2017 by: ___________________________________, Director

  4. Military Communications with Special Focus on Tactical Communications for Network Centric Operations (Les communications militaires, et plus particulierement les communications tactiques pour les operations reseaux-centrees)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-01

    six groupes apparentés : Radio logicielle (SDR), Gestion de réseaux et de ressources , Performances, Communications urbaines, Sécurité, et Futurs...MP-IST-083 Military Communications with Special Focus on Tactical Communications for Network Centric Operations (Les communications militaires...et plus particulièrement les communications tactiques pour les opérations réseaux-centrées) Papers presented at the RTO Information Systems

  5. [Perioperative management of patients during general endoprosthethic operations on the knee joint (a review of literature)].

    PubMed

    Iudin, A M

    2006-01-01

    Arthrosis deformans of the knee joint (gonarthrosis) is a common disease accompanied by pain syndrome and disability. Medical treatment of the disease ensures only a temporary analgesic effect and fails to restore the range of motion in the legs. General endoprosthetic operations on the knee joint can significantly improve the results of treatment, alleviate pain, and restore the patients' working capacity. Most patients undergoing endoprosthetic repair of the knee joint are elderly and senile, who have concomitant multiple organ somatic pathology. Comorbidity, old age, the specific features and traumaticity of a surgical intervention make high requirements for anesthesic maintenance at surgery and for stability of hemodynamic parameters in the perioperative period, and adequate analgesia in the postoperative period. Different approaches to adequate anesthesia are considered in both intra- and postoperative period. Numerous references lead to the conclusion that many widely used anesthetic procedures (general inhalational and intravenous anesthesia, high-conduction anesthesia, etc.) are incompletely adequate during a general endoprosthetic repair of the knee joint. A number of authors state that spinal or combined spinal epidural anesthesia is the most adequate methods of intra- and postoperative anesthesia at general endoprosthetic repair of the knee joint.

  6. Effect of commercial and military performance requirements for transport category aircraft on space shuttle booster design and operation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bithell, R. A.; Pence, W. A., Jr.

    1972-01-01

    The effect of two sets of performance requirements, commercial and military, on the design and operation of the space shuttle booster is evaluated. Critical thrust levels are established according to both sets of operating rules for the takeoff, cruise, and go-around flight modes, and the effect on engine requirements determined. Both flyback and ferry operations are considered. The impact of landing rules on potential shuttle flyback and ferry bases is evaluated. Factors affecting reserves are discussed, including winds, temperature, and nonstandard flight operations. Finally, a recommended set of operating rules is proposed for both flyback and ferry operations that allows adequate performance capability and safety margins without compromising design requirements for either flight phase.

  7. Developing Military Health Care Leaders: Insights from the Military, Civilian, and Government Sectors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    mentioned that their leader development programs went beyond the traditional classroom format to include some or all of the following: stretch...how the military will operate in the future as a joint force and provides a format for leader development, states that joint force lead- ers should...and Halpin, 2001, p. vii) Most best-practice programs go beyond the traditional classroom format to include any or all of the following: stretch

  8. The Challenge for the Modern Day Operational Leader: Succeeding in the Realm of Civilian Organizations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-23

    operations, helped shape and focus U.S. military forces for these new challenges. Joint Publication 5-0, Joint Operation Planning , dictates that joint...back to the democratic government. When this transition did not proceed as planned , the earlier imposed international embargo was expanded and a...more aggressive effort to restore Aristide was initiated, which included plans for U.S. military intervention.7 During the preparation for this

  9. [The Sauvé-Kapandji operation in the treatment of traumatic disorder of the distal radioulnar joint].

    PubMed

    Fousek, J; Klézl, Z

    2000-08-01

    The authors describe in a group of 22 patients their experience with Sauvé-Kapandji's operation in posttraumatic damage of the distal radioulnar joint. They analyze the causes of affection of the distal radioulnar joint, discuss the functional anatomy of this joint and describe the technique of operation. In the discussion they deal with possible complications and analyze in detail their results. They suggest a pattern of evaluation of the results of surgery based on objective and subjective findings. In the conclusion they mention the satisfactory results of this operation if the correct surgical technique is used and careful indication of the operation is made.

  10. Joint chemical defense for the rear battle: main operating bases in NATO's central region. Student report

    SciTech Connect

    Salmi, M.D.

    1988-04-01

    In 1984, the Chiefs of Staff of the US Army and the US Air Force signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) outlining a concept for the joint air defense of overseas air bases. With little previous experience in joint rear-area operations, problems were bound to occur, especially in the area of chemical warfare defense (CWD). The Army bases its CWD doctrine on the concept of maneuver while the Air Force bases its doctrine on being tied to air bases with little or no capability to avoid chemical attacks. Each Service developed its doctrine to support its operational concept. This study compared and contrasted the CWD doctrine of the Army and the Air Force. If found a great deal of commonality exists; however, there are also several problems which could lead to death, injury, and degradation of sortie generation capability.

  11. Strategic Planning to Conduct Joint Force Network Operations: A Content Analysis of NETOPS Organizations Strategic Plans

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-01

    information dominance , Joint Network Operations (NETOPS) organizations need to be strategically aligned. As result, to enhance the capabilities-based effects of NETOPS and reduce our NETOP infrastructures susceptibility to compromise. Once the key organizations were identified, their strategic plans were analyzed using a structured content analysis framework. The results illustrated that the strategic plans were aligned with the community of interests tasking to conduct NETOPS. Further research is required into the strategic alignment beyond the strategic

  12. Honing the Dagger: The formation of a Standing Joint Special Operations Task Force Headquarters

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-05-26

    has greatly hindered the ability of SOF to prosecute the war on terrorism with the necessary efficiency, flexibility and agility . When a Joint Task...Operations, Ubiquitous Access, Regional Expertise, C4ISR Dominance, Agile and Unconventional Logistics, and Force Protection and Survivability.6 SOF’s...flexibility and agility of the organization. For example, if the need for the SJSOTF to expand into a JTF should arise, the Director of the Center for

  13. Information Technology Management: Global Command and Control System Joint Operation Planning and Execution System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Information Technology Management Department of Defense Office of the Inspector General April 15, 2003 AccountabilityIntegrityQuality Global Command...Dates Covered (from... to) - Title and Subtitle Information Technology Management : Global Command and Control System Joint Operation Planning and...September 7, 1999; “GCCS Strategic Plan 1999-2002,” December 27, 1999; “JOPES Strategic Plan,” April 2000; “ Information Technology Management Reform Act

  14. Joint Center for Operational Analysis Journal. Volume 9, Issue 2, June 2007

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-01

    Operational Analysis Journal Volume IX, Issue 2, June 2007 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR( S ) 5d. PROJECT...NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) USJFCOM JWFC ATTN: Joint Center for Lessons Learned...116 Lakeview Pkwy Suffolk, VA 23435-2697 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR

  15. SUSTAINING NAVAL SURFACE COMBATANT VERTICAL LAUNCH SYSTEM MUNITIONS DURING JOINT OPERATIONS

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-04-21

    the Navy should develop a balanced logistics force. 15. SUBJECT TERMS MK 41 Vertical Launch System, Naval Logistics, Underway Replenishment, Joint...to gain increased agility in conducting prolonged combat operations at sea, the Navy should develop a balanced logistics and auxiliary tender force...order to minimize the possibility of submarine attack. Success depended upon balancing the distance required to minimize further enemy attack with

  16. A Summary of Operating Conditions Experienced by Three Military Helicopters and a Mountain-Based Commercial Helicopter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Connor, Andrew B.

    1960-01-01

    The results of a survey of the flight conditions experienced by three military helicopters engaged in simulated and actual military missions, and a commercial helicopter operated in the mountainous terrain surrounding Denver, CO, are presented. The data, obtained with NASA helicopter VGHN recorders, represent 813 flights or 359 flying hours, and are compared where applicable to previous survey results. The current survey results show that none of the helicopters exceeded the maximum design airspeed. One military helicopter, used for instrument flight training, never exceeded 70 percent of its maximum design airspeed. The rates of climb and descent utilized by the IFR training helicopter and of the mountain-based helicopter were generally narrowly distributed within all the airspeed ranges. The number of landings per hour for all four of the helicopters ranged from 1.6 to 3.3. The turbine-engine helicopter experienced more frequent normal-acceleration increments above a threshold of +/-0.4g (where g is acceleration due to gravity) than the mountain-based helicopter, but the mountain-based helicopter experienced acceleration increments of greater magnitude. Limited rotor rotational speed time histories showed that all the helicopters were operated at normal rotor speeds during all flight conditions.

  17. Ultraclean air and antibiotics for prevention of postoperative infection. A multicenter study of 8,052 joint replacement operations.

    PubMed

    Lidwell, O M; Elson, R A; Lowbury, E J; Whyte, W; Blowers, R; Stanley, S J; Lowe, D

    1987-02-01

    To determine the value of ultraclean air in operating rooms, 8,052 operations for total hip- or knee-joint replacement were followed up for 1-4 years. For operations done in ultraclean air, bacterial contamination of the wound, deep joint sepsis, and major wound sepsis were substantially less than for operations done in conventionally ventilated rooms. Sepsis was also less frequent when prophylactic antibiotics had been given. The two precautions acted independently so that the incidence of sepsis after operation in ultraclean air and with antibiotics was much less than that when either was used alone. Wound sepsis was associated with an enhanced risk of joint sepsis. Staphylococcus aureus was the commonest joint pathogen, but infections with other organisms, often considered to be of low pathogenicity, were almost as numerous. Most S. aureus infections were traced to sources in the operating room.

  18. Airborne contamination of wounds in joint replacement operations: the relationship to sepsis rates.

    PubMed

    Lidwell, O M; Lowbury, E J; Whyte, W; Blowers, R; Stanley, S J; Lowe, D

    1983-06-01

    During operations for total joint replacement done in operating rooms with conventional ventilation the mean air contamination varied considerably among the 15 hospitals studied. The range was from 51 to as many as 539 bacteria-carrying particles per cubic metre. When the data from all the hospitals were grouped according to the mean level of bacterial airborne contamination, including operations done in control and in ultraclean air, there was a good correlation between the air contamination and the joint sepsis rate. There was also a correlation between the mean values of air contamination and the numbers of bacteria isolated from wound wash-out samples; but the apparent efficiency of the sampling method varied a great deal among the hospitals carrying out this procedure. From this data it would seem that by far the largest proportion of bacteria found in the wound after the prosthesis had been inserted reached it by the airborne route. With the mean air contamination found in the control series, 164 bacteria-carrying particles per cubic metre, this proportion was as much as 95 per cent. The risk of joint sepsis varied widely among the 19 hospitals. The differences between the highest and lowest being probably as much as 20-fold. However, the effect of an ultraclean air environment was asimilar at all hospitals.

  19. STS payloads mission control study continuation phase A-1. Volume 2-C, task 3: Identification of joint activities and estimation of resources in preparation for joint flight operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1976-01-01

    Payload mission control concepts are developed for real time flight operations of STS. Flight planning, training, simulations, and other flight preparations are included. Payload activities for the preflight phase, activity sequences and organizational allocations, and traffic and experience factors to establish composite man-loading for joint STS payload activities are identified for flight operations from 1980 to 1985.

  20. Joint operations planning for space surveillance missions on the MSX satellite

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stokes, Grant; Good, Andrew

    1994-01-01

    The Midcourse Space Experiment (MSX) satellite, sponsored by BMDO, is intended to gather broad-band phenomenology data on missiles, plumes, naturally occurring earthlimb backgrounds and deep space backgrounds. In addition the MSX will be used to conduct functional demonstrations of space-based space surveillance. The JHU/Applied Physics Laboratory (APL), located in Laurel, MD, is the integrator and operator of the MSX satellite. APL will conduct all operations related to the MSX and is charged with the detailed operations planning required to implement all of the experiments run on the MSX except the space surveillance experiments. The non-surveillance operations are generally amenable to being defined months ahead of time and being scheduled on a monthly basis. Lincoln Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (LL), located in Lexington, MA, is the provider of one of the principle MSX instruments, the Space-Based Visible (SBV) sensor, and the agency charged with implementing the space surveillance demonstrations on the MSX. The planning timelines for the space surveillance demonstrations are fundamentally different from those for the other experiments. They are generally amenable to being scheduled on a monthly basis, but the specific experiment sequence and pointing must be refined shortly before execution. This allocation of responsibilities to different organizations implies the need for a joint mission planning system for conducting space surveillance demonstrations. This paper details the iterative, joint planning system, based on passing responsibility for generating MSX commands for surveillance operations from APL to LL for specific scheduled operations. The joint planning system, including the generation of a budget for spacecraft resources to be used for surveillance events, has been successfully demonstrated during ground testing of the MSX and is being validated for MSX launch within the year. The planning system developed for the MSX forms a

  1. The Principle of Mass Understood: A Qualitative Analysis for the Operational Planner

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-31

    COMBAT EFFECTIVENESS, *MILITARY DOCTRINE, *MASS, *JOINT MILITARY ACTIVITIES, POSITION(LOCATION), MILITARY STRATEGY, THEORY, INTEGRATION, MILITARY CAPABILITIES, PRECISION, HISTORY, TIMELINESS, QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS .

  2. Complexity associated with the optimisation of capability options in military operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pincombe, A.; Bender, A.; Allen, G.

    2005-12-01

    In the context of a military operation, even if the intended actions, the geographic location, and the capabilities of the opposition are known, there are still some critical uncertainties that could have a major impact on the effectiveness of a given set of capabilities. These uncertainties include unpredictable events and the response alternatives that are available to the command and control elements of the capability set. They greatly complicate any a priori mathematical description. In a forecasting approach, the most likely future might be chosen and a solution sought that is optimal for that case. With scenario analysis, futures are proposed on the basis of critical uncertainties and the option that is most robust is chosen. We use scenario analysis but our approach is different in that we focus on the complexity and use the coupling between scenarios and options to create information on ideal options. The approach makes use of both soft and hard operations research methods, with subject matter expertise being used to define plausible responses to scenarios. In each scenario, uncertainty affects only a subset of the system-inherent variables and the variables that describe system-environment interactions. It is this scenario-specific reduction of variables that makes the problem mathematically tractable. The process we define is significantly different to existing scenario analysis processes, so we have named it adversarial scenario analysis. It can be used in conjunction with other methods, including recent improvements to the scenario analysis process. To illustrate the approach, we undertake a tactical level scenario analysis for a logistics problem that is defined by a network, expected throughputs to end users, the transport capacity available, the infrastructure at the nodes and the capacities of roads, stocks etc. The throughput capacity, e.g. the effectiveness, of the system relies on all of these variables and on the couplings between them. The

  3. Will Precision Airdrop Capability Provide the Joint Force Commander with the Rapid Response Required for Tomorrow’s Humanitarian Relief Operations?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-06

    guided parachutes now allow for airdrops with greater accuracy. JPADS has numerous applications across the Range Of Military Operations ( ROMO ), however...JFC. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Humanitarian Relief, Precision Airdrop, Precision Engagement, JPADS, JFC, ROMO , GPS 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17...JPADS has numerous applications across the Range Of Military Operations ( ROMO ), however this paper will focus on time-critical applications during

  4. Re-Defining the Radio Operator: Honing AFSOF’s Edge for the Joint IW Fight

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-02-16

    NOTE AIR WAR COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY RE-DEFINING THE “RADIO OPERATOR”: HONING AFSOF’S EDGE FOR THE JOINT IW FIGHT by John D. Cline, Lt Col...Airborne Communications Flights assigned to the 3 Operational Support Squadrons (OSS) at all CONUS and overseas Special Operations Groups (SOGs). If...BCTs) to Iraq and Afghanistan. 12 Airborne elements of JTRS have completed flight testing on AH-64Ds and F/A-18E/Fs, and will soon be integrated

  5. Operative Fixation of Chronic Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocation With Hook Plate and Modified Ligament Transfer.

    PubMed

    McKee, Michael D

    2016-08-01

    The optimal treatment for acute dislocation of the acromioclavicular (AC) joint remains unclear, and prior randomized trials did not reveal any significant improvements in the operative groups. However, it is clear that some patients treated nonoperatively are dissatisfied with their outcome and request surgical correction. This video demonstrates one method of repair of a chronic dislocation of the AC joint in a patient with significant symptomatology following nonoperative treatment of a high-grade AC dislocation. This video demonstrates the open reduction of a chronically dislocated AC joint. After mobilization of the distal clavicle and debridement of the joint, a step cut is made in the anterior surface of the distal clavicle. The coracoacromial (CA) ligament is then identified and mobilized, taking care to preserve its acromial origin. An anterior acromioplasty is then performed with a microsaggital saw. The AC joint is reduced, and the acromial fragment is sculpted to fit the step cut in the distal clavicle, where it is then fixed with a small-fragment cancellous screw in lag fashion. The blade of the hook plate is then contoured to fit under the acromion (posteriorly) to hold the joint in a reduced position. The deltoid is repaired with number 1 absorbable sutures, followed by a standard closure. Results are improved and complications minimized when care is taken to not avoid overreduction of the clavicle: an intraoperative radiograph, and/or comparison to the opposite side, may be useful. We do not shorten or resect the entire distal clavicle: this has been shown to lead to worse outcomes. We have found that CA transfer with a fragment of attached acromial bone results in more reliable healing than a CA transfer alone (the Weaver-Dunn transfer). In the setting of a chronic AC dislocation, hook plate fixation provides excellent reduction of the joint and a stable mechanical environment: this allows for the optimal healing of the ligament transfer. Typically

  6. Service and Joint Training: Lessons Learned from Recent Conflicts. Hearing before the Military Forces and Personnel Subcommittee of the Committee on Armed Services. House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Armed Services.

    This document contains the oral and written statements of persons whose testimony was presented before a Congressional hearing on training lessons learned from recent military conflicts. Principal witness was Mark E. Gebicke, Director of Military Operations and Capabilities Issues, National Security and International Affairs Division, U.S. General…

  7. Stress and Psychological Support in Modern Military Operations (Stress et aide psychologique dans les operations militaires modernes)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-01

    34 91 456 1976 email: jmpuenteo@oc.mde.es and jpuenteont@correo.cop.es SWEDEN Dr. Kristina POLLACK Director Military Psychology HQ GRO /UTB S...item depression module 7) Four-item PTSD module 8) Conflict and anger 9) Exposures to environmental hazards (solvents, pollution , lasers, smoke, etc...resolve, and the assurance that everything they had done and were feeling was entirely alright…. I don’t have any miracle cures to offer you

  8. Expeditionary Operations Require Joint Force Capabilities in the Future Operating Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    worldwide utility.” 6 The worldwide utility is derived from the agility of the expeditionary force being able to adapt to any climate , condition or...nation support. It is able to rapidly adjust to a changed environment, withdraw, reorganize and recommit where needed. He describes versatility as...expeditionary force to be scalable and still perform functions across the spectrum of operations. Conditions of employment can change at a moment’s

  9. Advance Force Operations: The Middleweight Force’s Essential Role in the Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-18

    Force” concept ; however, changes regarding Advance Force Operations have increased the risk of the Marine Corps not meeting its obligation as the...finding through a detailed discussion of “the sea, air and climate , land types, native populations, economic conditions, and the enemy”20 to support this...was further refined based on the extensive experience gained by both the Navy and Marine Corps reconnaissance elements. Doctrinal changes captured

  10. New Directions for Military Decision Making Research in Combat and Operational Settings

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-12-01

    Carl von Clausewitz, "is so continuously or universally bound up with chance" (1976:85). Unfortunately, research on military decision making under...34 American Behavioral Scientist, 1984, 27:813-828. Solberg , P.O. "Unprogrammed Decision Making." Industrial Management Review, 1967, 8:19-29. Sproull, L.S

  11. Comparison of Military and Commercial Design-to-Cost Aircraft Procurement and Operational Support Practices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-07-01

    oAft"uAt S 3. PA 7- 2 Figure 18. Typical Commercial Test Plan 52 The military Category I flight test program accomplishes essentially the same tesi ...Bur~-s cide . - perating Procedures, etc._ - as they relate to AVACS. i910 SPECIFIC (continued) 10. The nearly unanimous comment, that there is

  12. The United States’ Overseas Contingency Operations/Global War on Terror: A Military Revolution?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-21

    continues to shape U.S. foreign and domestic policies. Since these attacks, more than 2.5 million American men and women have deployed to support...Faculty of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND...

  13. Integration and Penetration Opportunities of Alternative Energy, Fuels, and Technologies within Military Systems, Logistics, and Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    industry estimates have shown that approximately 70 percent of processed crude oil is currently imported to the United States for further processing and...33 D. Feedstock, Production and Availability Metrics ....................................... 34 E. Residual Waste and Byproducts... industrial parks, and military installations continue to represent the largest consumer of non- renewable energy sources derived from fossil-fuel-based

  14. The US Military’s Experience in Stability Operations, 1789-2005

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    Constitutionalist Venustiano Carranza . Meanwhile, the city was a cesspool of disease, and the new American military govern- ment wasted no time in instituting a... Carranza and General Francisco Villa and Emiliano Zapata battled over the spoils. However, it was not until 23 November that the Americans evacuated

  15. Technology and Command: Implications for Military Operations in the Twenty-First Century

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-07-01

    execution.” The feat is that involving high- level commanders in tactical decisions will discourage the initiative of the “commander on the spot,” and...technology has become the ultimate prosthesis .” xx. Carl H. Builder, “Five Faces of the Service Personalities,” The Masks of War: American Military

  16. Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Petroleum Equipment and Technical Operations, QM0142, 19-5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

    This subcourse containg lesson assignments, lesson texts, and programmed reviews covers the most frequently used equipment for transporting and storing petroleum products from the time they are purchased until they are consumed by the user. The course is one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to…

  17. The Roles of Women in the Army and Their Impact on Military Operations and Organizations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-05-23

    justifiable or valid differences. All courses of instruction formerly closed to women opened, except combat arms and rhf > I’.S. Military Academy. Women...been or are in the process of successful resolution. Further study and definitive action is required in what may be defined as nontraditional areas

  18. Charter Schools: Guidance Needed for Military Base Schools on Startup and Operational Issues

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-02-01

    offers a buddy program for military-connected students transferring into the school, a self - esteem program, and a support group for students with a...MasterCard, Visa, check, or money order. Call for additional information. Connect with GAO on Facebook , Flickr, Twitter, and YouTube. Subscribe

  19. Challenges in Utilising Key Leader Engagement in Civil-Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    experience from Afghanistan represented different organisations: Swedish Armed Forces (SwAF), Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency ( Sida ...with Swedish civil and military personnel • Extensive experience from several missions, focus on Afghanistan • Organisations: SwAF, Sida , SAK and

  20. Redefining Combat Mission Reporting in Contemporary Operations: Focusing the Air Component’s Process in Support of the Joint Warfighter

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-11

    REDEFINING COMBAT MISSION REPORTING IN CONTEMPORARY OPERATIONS: FOCUSING THE AIR COMPONENT’S PROCESS IN SUPPORT OF THE JOINT WARFIGHTER...Focusing the Air Component’s Process in Support of the Joint Warfighter 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6

  1. Strategic Mobility 21: SM21 CONOPS Revised - Phase II, Joint Force Deployment and Distribution Support Platform: Joint Operational Concept

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-02

    vendor managed inventory ( VMI ) applications. 6.2 Strategic Mobility 21 – Joint Experimentation and Demonstration Campaign Phases The...United States Joint Force Command USMC US Marine Corps USTRANSCOM US Transportation Command VMI Vendor Managed Inventory WMS Warehouse Management ...fulfillment center for vendor - managed inventory and Business-to-Business (B to B) and Business to Customer (B to C) transactions.

  2. Risk Factors for Injuries During Military Static-Line Airborne Operations: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

    PubMed

    Knapik, Joseph; Steelman, Ryan

    2016-11-01

     To identify and analyze articles in which the authors examined risk factors for soldiers during military static-line airborne operations.  We searched for articles in PubMed, the Defense Technical Information Center, reference lists, and other sources using the key words airborne, parachuting, parachutes, paratrooper, injuries, wounds, trauma, and musculoskeletal.  The search identified 17 684 potential studies. Studies were included if they were written in English, involved military static-line parachute operations, recorded injuries directly from events on the landing zone or from safety or medical records, and provided data for quantitative assessment of injury risk factors. A total of 23 studies met the review criteria, and 15 were included in the meta-analysis.  The summary statistic obtained for each risk factor was the risk ratio, which was the ratio of the injury risk in 1 group to that of another (baseline) group. Where data were sufficient, meta-analyses were performed and heterogeneity and publication bias were assessed.  Risk factors for static-line parachuting injuries included night jumps, jumps with extra equipment, higher wind speeds, higher air temperatures, jumps from fixed-wing aircraft rather than balloons or helicopters, jumps onto certain types of terrain, being a female paratrooper, greater body weight, not using the parachute ankle brace, smaller parachute canopies, simultaneous exits from both sides of an aircraft, higher heat index, winds from the rear of the aircraft on exit entanglements, less experience with a particular parachute system, being an enlisted soldier rather than an officer, and jumps involving a greater number of paratroopers.  We analyzed and summarized factors that increased the injury risk for soldiers during military static-line parachute operations. Understanding and considering these factors in risk evaluations may reduce the likelihood of injury during parachuting.

  3. The Best of Both Worlds: Psychiatry Training at Combined Civilian-Military Programs.

    PubMed

    Welton, Randon S; Hamaoka, Derrick A; Broderick, Pamela J; Schillerstrom, Jason E

    2015-08-01

    Air Force psychiatry faces the task of training competent military psychiatrists in an era of continuing reductions. Beginning in the 1980s, the Air Force started collaborating with University partners to create hybrid training programs, civilian-military psychiatry residencies. These mergers provide stability for Air Force psychiatry training in the face of increased operational missions and uncertain military recruiting. As a result of these combined programs, Air Force psychiatry residents gain access to a broader range of civilian clinical experience and expertise while maintaining a focus on distinctive military requirements. The combining of programs opens up options for academic activities which may not have otherwise existed. Both military and civilian residents benefit from the occupational psychiatry experiences available within military clinical sites. These programs give civilian residents a chance to assist active duty members and their families and provide insight into the military "lifecycle." These collaborations benefit the universities by providing access to a larger pool of residents and faculty. The synthesis of the military and civilian programs raises some ongoing obstacles such as civilian residents' ability to gain access to military resources. The programs must also accommodate separate mechanisms for selecting residents (the National Residency Matching Program versus the Joint Selection Board for Graduate Medical Education). Military residents must also comply with military standards and requirements while maintaining the universities' standards of conduct and professionalism. Merging military training programs into university programs creates a vibrant opportunity to create exceptional military and civilian psychiatrists.

  4. [Sacroiliac joint dysfunction with groin pain after an operation for lumbar spinal disorder. A case report].

    PubMed

    Shimoda, Yusuke; Morimoto, Daijiro; Isu, Toyohiko; Motegi, Hiroaki; Imai, Tetsuaki; Matsumoto, Ryouji; Isobe, Masanori; Kim, Kyongsong; Sugawara, Atsushi

    2010-11-01

    A 75-year-old male presented with groin pain after an operation to treat lumbar spondylolisthesis (L5). Groin tenderness was localized to the medial border of the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS). Radiographical and physical examination raised the suspicion of sacroiliac joint (SIJ) dysfunction. Injection of a painkiller into the SIJ relieved symptoms, including groin tenderness. Symptoms improved gradually, and finally disappeared after five SIJ injections. Groin pain has been reported as a referred symptom of SIJ dysfunction in 9.3-23% of patients. Prior to the patient undergoing surgery to treat lumbar spondylolisthesis, SIJ dysfunction had not been noted on physical examination. Long periods spent in the abnormal posture due to lumbar spondylolisthesis induced SIJ stress. After the operation, an improvement in daily activity actually increased stress on the SIJ, resulting in SIJ dysfunction. Certain pathologies, including SIJ dysfunction, should be considered as residual symptoms after operations for lumbar spinal diseases.

  5. Comparison of Five 2nd-Generation Supraglottic Airway Devices for Airway Management Performed by Novice Military Operators

    PubMed Central

    Henlin, Tomas; Sotak, Michal; Kovaricek, Petr; Balcarek, Lukas

    2015-01-01

    Objectives. Five different second-generation supraglottic airway devices, ProSeal LMA, Supreme LMA, i-gel, SLIPA, and Laryngeal Tube Suction-D, were studied. Operators were inexperienced users with a military background, combat lifesavers, nurses, and physicians. Methods. This was a prospective, randomized, single-blinded study. Devices were inserted in the operating room in low light conditions after induction of general anesthesia. Primary outcome was successful insertion on the first attempt while secondary aims were insertion time, number of attempts, oropharyngeal seal pressure, ease of insertion, fibre optic position of device, efficacy of ventilation, and intraoperative trauma or regurgitation of gastric contents. Results. In total, 505 patients were studied. First-attempt insertion success rate was higher in the Supreme LMA (96%), i-gel (87.9%), and ProSeal LMA (85.9%) groups than in the Laryngeal Tube Suction-D (80.6%) and SLIPA (69.4%) groups. Insertion time was shortest in the Supreme LMA (70.4 ± 32.5 s) and i-gel (74.4 ± 41.1 s) groups (p < 0.001). Oropharyngeal seal pressures were higher in the Laryngeal Tube Suction-D and ProSeal LMA groups than in other three devices. Conclusions. Most study parameters for the Supreme LMA and i-gel were found to be superior to the other three tested supraglottic airway devices when inserted by novice military operators. PMID:26495289

  6. Unicompartmental knee arthroplasties implanted for osteoarthritis with partial loss of joint space have high re-operation rates.

    PubMed

    Niinimäki, Tuukka T; Murray, David W; Partanen, Juha; Pajala, Ari; Leppilahti, Juhana I

    2011-12-01

    The indications and contraindications for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) are controversial. The aim of the study was to determine the risk factors for re-operation in our practice. A series of 113 medial UKAs with mean follow-up of 63 months were reviewed retrospectively. Pre-operatively all knees had radiographic or arthroscopic evidence of severe cartilage damage. The re-operation rate was not related to age, gender, arthroscopic finding or body mass index. It was related to the joint space on pre-operative standing weight bearing radiographs taken in extension. The re-operation rate was 6 (95% CI 2.1-17, P<0.001) times higher when the thickness of the pre-operative medial joint space was >2 mm rather than ≤2 mm. It was 8 (95% CI 2.8-22.5, P<0.001) times higher when the thickness of the pre-operative medial space was >40% of the thickness of the lateral space. The ratio of pre-operative joint spaces has a greater influence on revision rate than the absolute measurement and is independent of radiographic magnification or the patient's normal cartilage thickness. We therefore recommend that, in medial knee osteoarthritis, UKA should only be used if the pre-operative medial joint space on standing radiographs is ≤40% of the lateral joint space, even if severe cartilage damage is seen arthroscopically.

  7. A Question of Balance: Metrics or Art for Joint Force Decision-Making?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-23

    1 William J. Hartig, “Problem Solving and the Military Professional,” Joint Military Operations...The chapter identifies the contribution of William Lind and other civilian reformers that were integral to a professional debate over Army doctrine... William S. Murray, “A Will to Measure - Measures of Effectiveness in Military Decision-making,” Parameters (Autumn 2001), 1. http://www.carlisle.army.mil

  8. Post-operative bracing after ACL reconstruction has no effect on knee joint effusion. A prospective, randomized study.

    PubMed

    Lindström, Maria; Wredmark, Torsten; Wretling, Marie-Louise; Henriksson, Marketta; Felländer-Tsai, Li

    2015-12-01

    It is unclear what factors contribute to knee joint effusion after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction. Knee homeostasis after injury and surgery is crucial for rehabilitation and knee well-being. We examined if effusion was affected by post-operative bracing, and if patients with effusion fit into a common profile. Patients were randomized to wearing or not wearing a post-operative brace for three weeks after ACL reconstruction with semitendinosus-gracilis tendons. Knee joint effusion was detected by computed tomography in 60 patients (22 women), before and three and 12 months after surgery. Joint effusion, clinical and subjective tests were analyzed. This is the first prospective, randomized study on post-operative bracing for patients with a semitendinosus-gracilis graft showed that bracing had no effect on three-months presence of joint effusion. Excessive joint effusion was present in 68% of the patients three months after surgery and was associated to prior meniscus injury (p=0.05) and higher prior Tegner activity level (p=0.006). We found a positive association between longer time from injury to surgery and joint effusion three months post-operatively (rho=0.29, p<0.05). Twelve months post-operatively, joint effusion had diminished to baseline levels. Subjective scores and activity levels were lower for women. Three-months joint effusion predicted lower final outcome scores in women. Prior meniscus injury and pre-injury Tegner activity levels are predictive significant variables for excessive knee joint effusion after ACL reconstruction. Post-operative bracing had no effect. A larger clinical cohort is needed to confirm findings of this logistic regression. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Static analysis of large-scale multibody system using joint coordinates and spatial algebra operator.

    PubMed

    Omar, Mohamed A

    2014-01-01

    Initial transient oscillations inhibited in the dynamic simulations responses of multibody systems can lead to inaccurate results, unrealistic load prediction, or simulation failure. These transients could result from incompatible initial conditions, initial constraints violation, and inadequate kinematic assembly. Performing static equilibrium analysis before the dynamic simulation can eliminate these transients and lead to stable simulation. Most exiting multibody formulations determine the static equilibrium position by minimizing the system potential energy. This paper presents a new general purpose approach for solving the static equilibrium in large-scale articulated multibody. The proposed approach introduces an energy drainage mechanism based on Baumgarte constraint stabilization approach to determine the static equilibrium position. The spatial algebra operator is used to express the kinematic and dynamic equations of the closed-loop multibody system. The proposed multibody system formulation utilizes the joint coordinates and modal elastic coordinates as the system generalized coordinates. The recursive nonlinear equations of motion are formulated using the Cartesian coordinates and the joint coordinates to form an augmented set of differential algebraic equations. Then system connectivity matrix is derived from the system topological relations and used to project the Cartesian quantities into the joint subspace leading to minimum set of differential equations.

  10. Static Analysis of Large-Scale Multibody System Using Joint Coordinates and Spatial Algebra Operator

    PubMed Central

    Omar, Mohamed A.

    2014-01-01

    Initial transient oscillations inhibited in the dynamic simulations responses of multibody systems can lead to inaccurate results, unrealistic load prediction, or simulation failure. These transients could result from incompatible initial conditions, initial constraints violation, and inadequate kinematic assembly. Performing static equilibrium analysis before the dynamic simulation can eliminate these transients and lead to stable simulation. Most exiting multibody formulations determine the static equilibrium position by minimizing the system potential energy. This paper presents a new general purpose approach for solving the static equilibrium in large-scale articulated multibody. The proposed approach introduces an energy drainage mechanism based on Baumgarte constraint stabilization approach to determine the static equilibrium position. The spatial algebra operator is used to express the kinematic and dynamic equations of the closed-loop multibody system. The proposed multibody system formulation utilizes the joint coordinates and modal elastic coordinates as the system generalized coordinates. The recursive nonlinear equations of motion are formulated using the Cartesian coordinates and the joint coordinates to form an augmented set of differential algebraic equations. Then system connectivity matrix is derived from the system topological relations and used to project the Cartesian quantities into the joint subspace leading to minimum set of differential equations. PMID:25045732

  11. Method and apparatus for preloading a joint by remotely operable means

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kahn, Jon B. (Inventor)

    1993-01-01

    The invention is a method and apparatus for joining structures, an active structure and a passive structure, and imposing a tensile pre-load on the joint by a remotely operable mechanism comprising a heat contractible joining element. The method and apparatus include mounting on the structure, a probe shaft of material which is transformable from an expanded length to a contracted length when heated to a specific temperature range. The shaft is provided with a probe head which is receivable in a receptacle opening formed in the passive structure, when the active structure is moved into engagement therewith by an appropriate manipulator mechanism. A latching system mounted on the structure adjacent to the receptacle opening captures the probe head, when the probe head is inserted a predetermined amount. A heating coil on the shaft is energizable by remote control for heating the shaft to a temperature range which transforms the shaft to its contracted length, whereby a latching shoulder thereof engages latching elements of the latching system and imposes a tensile preload on the structural joint. Provision is also made for manually adjusting the probe head on the shaft to allow for manual detachment of the structures or manual preloading of the structural joint.

  12. Method and apparatus for preloading a joint by remotely operable means

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shelton, Robert O. (Inventor)

    1992-01-01

    The invention is a method and apparatus for joining structures, an active structure and a passive structure, and imposing a tensile pre-load on the joint by a remotely operable mechanism comprising a heat contractible joining element. The method and apparatus include mounting on the structure, a probe shaft of material which is transformable from an expanded length to a contracted length when heated to a specific temperature range. The shaft is provided with a probe head which is receivable in a receptacle opening formed in the passive structure, when the active structure is moved into engagement therewith by an appropriate manipulator mechanism. A latching system mounted on the structure adjacent to the receptacle opening captures the probe head, when the probe head is inserted a predetermined amount. A heating coil on the shaft is energizable by remote control for heating the shaft to a temperature range which transforms the shaft to its contracted length, whereby a latching shoulder thereof engages latching elements of the latching system and imposes a tensile preload on the structural joint. Provision is also made for manually adjusting the probe head on the shaft to allow for manual detachment of the structures or manual preloading of the structural joint.

  13. Geo-Environmental Change and the United States Military: How History Can Inform Future Arctic Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-17

    and the Northern Sea Route, extraction of potential oil and gas resources, and expanded fishing and tourism .‖ 6 The Arctic‘s vast natural resources...sudden and substantial increase in commercial shipping, marine tourism , and large passenger vessels in the Arctic poses significant challenges to the...doctrinal adaptation before the tactical and strategic 32 Department of Defense, JP 1-02: Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms

  14. A Cost Analysis of Direct Cash Compensation In Lieu of Operating Military Commissary Stores

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    sector grocery chains began complaining that commissaries were “unnecessary” and a source of “ unfair government competition” (Skirbunt, 2008). The...without commissaries, such as recruiting duty far from military bases, may be too far from a commissary to take advantage of it, but those members are...closure of commissaries would depend on how many veterans actually live close enough to commissaries to take advantage of commissaries. C

  15. Military Operations in the Italian East Africa, 1935-1941: Conquest and Defeat

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    he considered essential to endure the Fascist regime. The overconfident emperor of Ethiopia Haile ’ Selassie ’ believed he could emulate the great Negus...Italian Somaliland? Haile ’ Selassie ’ decided to meet the Italian overwhelming military power face to face instead of resorting to guerrilla tactics and...86 See Figure 7, the British Counteroffensive 87 The 2nd of July, the Negus Haile ’ Selassie was in Khartoum ready to ignite the revolt in Ethiopia from

  16. Assessing the Prospects and Limitations of Military Operations Other than War (MOOTW)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-04-01

    disparity between economic groups, disparities of technological innovations allowing the rich to get richer while the poor get poorer, and environmental...terrorist attacks over the years is miniscule. 4 See Roderick K. Von Lipsey , ed. Breaking the Cycle: A Framework for Conflict Intervention (New York...is presently clouded. At the highest level, the National Security Council is responsible for integrating the military with diplomatic and economic

  17. Establish the Delta Military Operations Areas Environmental Assessment Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    calf death, nor did cow -calf pairs exhibit increased movement in response to the overflights. Maier et al. (1998) found that cow -calf pairs of the...low-income populations. The essential purpose of EO 12898 is to ensure the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of...concluded that military overflights did not cause any calf deaths, nor did cow -calf pairs exhibit increased movement in response to the overflights

  18. Field Artillery in Military Operations Other Than War: An Overview of the US Experience

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    Cold War, US policy makers and military strategists came to perceive Soviet and, after 1949, Chinese communist expansion as the principal threat to...would patrol the countryside , find the enemy (ranging anywhere between a two-man patrol to a VC regiment), disengage, and call in air, naval, and...Massing Fires and Reinventing the Wheel, Korean War Anthology (Fort Leavenworth, KS: Combat Studies Institute, 2003). 35. This brief look at US

  19. Guide to Rebuilding Governance in Stability Operations: A Role for the Military?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-01

    of Peace, Special Report No. 107, July 2003. Heinemann-Gruder, Andreas , and Igor Grebenschikov. “Security Governance by Internationals: The Case of...Bowman. “Police Reform Programs: Links to Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Social Stability in Violent and Fragile States.” In Cornwallis XI: Analysis...In Cornwallis XI: Analysis for Civil-Military Transitions, David Davis, Alexander Woodcock, and George Rose, eds., Clementsport, Nova Scotia

  20. Operational Applications of Autogenic Feedback Training Exercise as a Treatment for Airsickness in the Military

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gebreyesus, Fiyore; Cowings, Patricia S.; Toscano, William B.

    2012-01-01

    Airsickness is experienced by about 50% of military aviators some time in their career. Aviators who suffer from recurrent episodes of airsickness are typically referred to the Naval Aerospace Medical Institute (NAMI) at Pensacola where they undergo extensive evaluation and 8 weeks of training in the Self-Paced Airsickness Desensitization (SPAD) program. Researchers at NASA Ames have developed an alternative mitigation training program, Autogenic Feedback Training Exercise (AFTE) that has demonstrated an 80% success rate for improving motion sickness tolerance.

  1. An Information Requirements Analysis of Military Airlift Command (MAC) Aerial Port Operations.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-09-01

    16:19 (January 1985). Office of Public Affairs. Military Airlift Command Aerial Ports. United States Air Force Fact Sheet. Scott AFB IL: August 1986...the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the School of Systems and Logistics, the Air University, the United States Air Force, or the...intertheater ports are in the continental United States and are located at Travis AFB and Norton AFB, California; McChord AFB, Washington; McGuire AFB, New

  2. Repeated Concussion Among U.S. Military Personnel During Operation Iraqi Freedom

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    Dougherty Rosemary H. Morrison Kimberly H. Quinn Michael R. Galarneau Report No. 10 -33 The views expressed in this article are those of the...JRRD Volume 48, Number 10 , 2011Pages 1269–1278 Journal of Rehabil itation Research & DevelopmentRepeated concussion among U.S. military personnel...amber.dougherty@med.navy.mil DOI:10.1682/JRRD.2011.01.00131269 1270 JRRD, Volume 48, Number 10 , 2011concussions [9–13]. Evidence exists that some aspects of

  3. The Supply of Pharmaceuticals in Humanitarian Assistance Missions: Implications for Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-08-01

    approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in support of these missions. 1 Regardless of the legal authority under which a military HA mission is...pro- hibit the donation of drugs that are expired or near their expi- ration date as these are considered adulterated products. Once TABLE I...http://www.usaid.gov/our_ work/cross-cutting_programs/private_voluntary_cooperation/denton guidelines.html ; accessed January 28, 2010 . 12. Food and

  4. The Use of Personal Information Technology in Military Area of Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-19

    scaling, and utilization of secure mobile capability leveraging commercial mobile technology to enable an agile deployment environment for new and...published a Mobile Device Strategy in May of 2012 that laid out some of the broadest strategic goals in the use of mobile technology in the branches of...paper prove how the military is in a computerized world and incorporating mobile technology to remain an effective, resilient force. While the

  5. Operational Implications of Private Military Companies in the Global War on Terror

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Singer,” interview by Terry Gross (11 May 2004), Fresh Air, National Public Radio. 71 Stuart McGhie, “Briefing: Private Military Contractors...involvement with the IRA . He had been working in and around British bases in Basra. 41 are...responsibility for Fallujah first heard about the killings whilst watching Fox News. The events that followed the killings are now widely acknowledged to be

  6. The PLA at Home and Abroad: Assessing the Operational Capabilities of China’s Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    visited China, and in August 2007, when China’s Defense Minister General Cao Gangchuan returned his cour- tesy —the first time in 10 years a Chinese...www.stripes.com/article.asp?article=64377§ion=104. Sec- tion 1201 of the National Defense Authorization Act For Fiscal Year 2000 Public Law 106-65 prohibits...by fiscal , policy, organizational, and enterprise restructuring. Critically, defense funding was dramat- ically raised. The military budget roughly

  7. Regaining the High Ground: The Challenges of Perception Management in National Strategy and Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-17

    Joint Advanced War Fighting School in partial satisfaction of the requirements of a Master of Science Degree in Joint Campaign Planning and Strategy...Minneapolis, 1974). For a comprehensive look at the negative side of wartime propaganda, including the use of racism, sexism , and the most...and Associated Terms,” 8 August 2006. 13 which survive on the altar of the will of the people,” he argues, “then democracies need not fight shy

  8. Joint preserving surgery versus arthrodesis in operative treatment of patients with neuromuscular polyneuropathy: questionnaire assessment.

    PubMed

    Napiontek, Marek; Pietrzak, Krzysztof

    2015-02-01

    The purpose of the paper was to present the results of surgical treatment of foot deformities in peripheral neuropathies using bone procedures: both joint preserving and with joint arthrodesis. The study included 26 patients, 14 males and 12 females (43 feet). The age of the patients at surgery ranged from 5 to 55 years (average 23 years). The follow-up ranged from 0.5 to 15 years (average 4.3 years). Seventeen patients presented Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, three Friedreich's ataxia and six peripheral motor and sensory neuropathies of undetermined nature. Sixteen patients had bilateral procedures. Four patients had to be re-operated during the follow-up. The patients were divided into four groups depending on the age and the surgical technique applied. The groups I and II (9 children, 17 feet) included patients with growth plate still present in the foot just before surgery. In the groups III and IV (17 adults, 26 feet), bone growth was completed. The assessment of all patients based on a modified AOFAS scale ranged from 44 to 105 points (mean 83.7; SD 17.5). The assessment on the subjective scale ranged from 3 to 10 points (mean 7.4; SD 2.1). The assessment of quality of life on the WOMAC scale ranged from 0 to 41 points (mean 15.7; SD 13.2). All patients stated that they would decide to undergo the treatment again. For groups I and II, joint preserving surgeries gave better results; however, the results could not be statistically confirmed. The results for the groups III and IV were inconclusive as to which surgical techniques should be preferred, arthrodesis or joint preserving. The results show that none of the surgical techniques used for correction of foot deformities in motor-sensory polyneuropathies seems to be preferable.

  9. A review of 10 years of scapula injuries sustained by UK military personnel on operations.

    PubMed

    Roberts, Darren C; Power, D M; Stapley, S A

    2017-09-11

    Scapula fractures are relatively uncommon injuries, mostly occurring due to the effects of high-energy trauma. Rates of scapula fractures are unknown in the military setting. The aim of this study is to analyse the incidence, aetiology, associated injuries, treatment and complications of these fractures occurring in deployed military personnel. All UK military personnel returning with upper limb injuries from Afghanistan and Iraq were retrospectively reviewed using the Royal Centre for Defence Medicine database and case notes (2004-2014). Forty-four scapula fractures out of 572 upper limb fractures (7.7%) were sustained over 10 years. Blast and gunshot wounds (GSW) were leading causative factors in 85%. Over half were open fractures (54%), with open blast fractures often having significant bone and soft tissue loss requiring extensive reconstruction. Multiple injuries were noted including lung, head, vascular and nerve injuries. Injury Severity Scores (ISS) were significantly higher than the average upper limb injury without a scapula fracture (p<0.0001). Brachial plexus injuries occurred in 17%. While military personnel with GSW have a favourable chance of nerve recovery, 75% of brachial plexus injuries that are associated with blast have poorer outcomes. Fixation occurred with either glenoid fractures or floating shoulders (10%); these were as a result of high velocity GSW or mounted blast ejections. There were no cases of deep soft tissue infection or osteomyelitis and all scapula fractures united. Scapula fractures have a 20 times higher incidence in military personnel compared with the civilian population, occurring predominantly as a result of blast and GSW, and a higher than average ISS. These fractures are often associated with multiple injuries, including brachial plexus injuries, where those sustained from blast have less favourable outcome. High rates of union following fixation and low rates of infection are expected despite significant contamination

  10. Joint Assessment of ETRR-2 Research Reactor Operations Program, Capabilities, and Facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Bissani, M; O'Kelly, D S

    2006-05-08

    A joint assessment meeting was conducted at the Egyptian Atomic Energy Agency (EAEA) followed by a tour of Egyptian Second Research Reactor (ETRR-2) on March 22 and 23, 2006. The purpose of the visit was to evaluate the capabilities of the new research reactor and its operations under Action Sheet 4 between the U.S. DOE and the EAEA, ''Research Reactor Operation'', and Action Sheet 6, ''Technical assistance in The Production of Radioisotopes''. Preliminary Recommendations of the joint assessment are as follows: (1) ETRR-2 utilization should be increased by encouraging frequent and sustained operations. This can be accomplished in part by (a) Improving the supply-chain management for fresh reactor fuel and alleviating the perception that the existing fuel inventory should be conserved due to unreliable fuel supply; and (b) Promulgating a policy for sample irradiation priority that encourages the use of the reactor and does not leave the decision of when to operate entirely at the discretion of reactor operations staff. (2) Each experimental facility in operation or built for a single purpose should be reevaluated to focus on those that most meet the goals of the EAEA strategic business plan. Temporary or long-term elimination of some experimental programs might be necessary to provide more focused utilization. There may be instances of emerging reactor applications for which no experimental facility is yet designed or envisioned. In some cases, an experimental facility may have a more beneficial use than the purpose for which it was originally designed. For example, (a) An effective Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) program requires nearby high quality medical facilities. These facilities are not available and are unlikely to be constructed near the Inshas site. Further, the BNCT facility is not correctly designed for advanced research and therapy programs using epithermal neutrons. (b) The ETRR-2 is frequently operated to provide color-enhanced gemstones but is

  11. 32 CFR 700.403 - Statutory authority and responsibility of the Chief of Naval Operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... authority of the Secretary of the Navy to assign functions, powers and duties, the Chief of Naval Operations... military duties, not otherwise assigned by law, as are assigned to the Chief of Naval Operations by the... Secretary of the Navy regarding military advice rendered by members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on matters...

  12. 32 CFR 700.403 - Statutory authority and responsibility of the Chief of Naval Operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... authority of the Secretary of the Navy to assign functions, powers and duties, the Chief of Naval Operations... military duties, not otherwise assigned by law, as are assigned to the Chief of Naval Operations by the... Secretary of the Navy regarding military advice rendered by members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on matters...

  13. 32 CFR 700.403 - Statutory authority and responsibility of the Chief of Naval Operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... authority of the Secretary of the Navy to assign functions, powers and duties, the Chief of Naval Operations... military duties, not otherwise assigned by law, as are assigned to the Chief of Naval Operations by the... Secretary of the Navy regarding military advice rendered by members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on matters...

  14. Canadian Military Personnel's Population Attributable Fractions of Mental Disorders and Mental Health Service Use Associated With Combat and Peacekeeping Operations

    PubMed Central

    Belik, Shay-Lee; Afifi, Tracie O.; Asmundson, Gordon J. G.; Cox, Brian J.; Stein, Murray B.

    2008-01-01

    Objectives. We investigated mental disorders, suicidal ideation, self-perceived need for treatment, and mental health service utilization attributable to exposure to peacekeeping and combat operations among Canadian military personnel. Methods. With data from the Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 1.2 Canadian Forces Supplement, a cross-sectional population-based survey of active Canadian military personnel (N = 8441), we estimated population attributable fractions (PAFs) of adverse mental health outcomes. Results. Exposure to either combat or peacekeeping operations was associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (men: PAF = 46.6%; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 27.3, 62.7; women: PAF = 23.6%; 95% CI = 9.2, 40.1), 1 or more mental disorder assessed in the survey (men: PAF = 9.3%; 95% CI = 0.4, 18.1; women: PAF = 6.1%; 95% CI = 0.0, 13.4), and a perceived need for information (men: PAF = 12.3%; 95% CI = 4.1, 20.6; women: PAF = 7.9%; 95% CI = 1.3, 15.5). Conclusions. A substantial proportion, but not the majority, of mental health–related outcomes were attributable to combat or peacekeeping deployment. Future studies should assess traumatic events and their association with physical injury during deployment, premilitary factors, and postdeployment psychosocial factors that may influence soldiers’ mental health. PMID:18923111

  15. Canadian military personnel's population attributable fractions of mental disorders and mental health service use associated with combat and peacekeeping operations.

    PubMed

    Sareen, Jitender; Belik, Shay-Lee; Afifi, Tracie O; Asmundson, Gordon J G; Cox, Brian J; Stein, Murray B

    2008-12-01

    We investigated mental disorders, suicidal ideation, self-perceived need for treatment, and mental health service utilization attributable to exposure to peacekeeping and combat operations among Canadian military personnel. With data from the Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 1.2 Canadian Forces Supplement, a cross-sectional population-based survey of active Canadian military personnel (N = 8441), we estimated population attributable fractions (PAFs) of adverse mental health outcomes. Exposure to either combat or peacekeeping operations was associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (men: PAF = 46.6%; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 27.3, 62.7; women: PAF = 23.6%; 95% CI = 9.2, 40.1), 1 or more mental disorder assessed in the survey (men: PAF = 9.3%; 95% CI = 0.4, 18.1; women: PAF = 6.1%; 95% CI = 0.0, 13.4), and a perceived need for information (men: PAF = 12.3%; 95% CI = 4.1, 20.6; women: PAF = 7.9%; 95% CI = 1.3, 15.5). A substantial proportion, but not the majority, of mental health-related outcomes were attributable to combat or peacekeeping deployment. Future studies should assess traumatic events and their association with physical injury during deployment, premilitary factors, and postdeployment psychosocial factors that may influence soldiers' mental health.

  16. Bridging the Gap in Civil-Military Coordination to more Effectively Support Humanitarian Relief Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-31

    studies (Operation Sea Angel, Operation Uphold Democracy and Operation Fuerte Apoyo) are analyzed to support the theory that implementation of PDD-56 can...multiple actors. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Interagency Coordination, PDD-56, Operation Sea Angel, Operation Uphold Democracy, Operation Fuerte Apoyo, Complex...Operation Fuerte Apoyo – Central America Hurricane Mitch hit the coast of Central America in October 1998 and became the fourth most powerful Caribbean

  17. Joint Spacelab-J (SL-J) Activities at the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    The science laboratory, Spacelab-J (SL-J), flown aboard the STS-47 flight was a joint venture between NASA and the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) utilizing a manned Spacelab module. The mission conducted 24 materials science and 20 life science experiments, of which 35 were sponsored by NASDA, 7 by NASA, and two collaborative efforts. Materials science investigations covered such fields as biotechnology, electronic materials, fluid dynamics and transport phenomena, glasses and ceramics, metals and alloys, and acceleration measurements. Life sciences included experiments on human health, cell separation and biology, developmental biology, animal and human physiology and behavior, space radiation, and biological rhythms. Test subjects included the crew, Japanese koi fish (carp), cultured animal and plant cells, chicken embryos, fruit flies, fungi and plant seeds, and frogs and frog eggs. Featured together in joint ground activities during the SL-J mission are NASA/NASDA personnel at the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC).

  18. Joint Spacelab-J (SL-J) Activities at the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    The science laboratory, Spacelab-J (SL-J), flown aboard the STS-47 flight was a joint venture between NASA and the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) utilizing a manned Spacelab module. The mission conducted 24 materials science and 20 life science experiments, of which 35 were sponsored by NASDA, 7 by NASA, and two collaborative efforts. Materials science investigations covered such fields as biotechnology, electronic materials, fluid dynamics and transport phenomena, glasses and ceramics, metals and alloys, and acceleration measurements. Life sciences included experiments on human health, cell separation and biology, developmental biology, animal and human physiology and behavior, space radiation, and biological rhythms. Test subjects included the crew, Japanese koi fish (carp), cultured animal and plant cells, chicken embryos, fruit flies, fungi and plant seeds, and frogs and frog eggs. Featured together in joint ground activities during the SL-J mission are NASA/NASDA personnel at the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC).

  19. [Operative treatment and curative effects of the deltoid ligament injuries of the ankle joint].

    PubMed

    Cong, Pei-Jun; Liu, Bai-Hong; Wang, Ji-Ping; Qiao, Yong-Ping

    2009-12-01

    To explore the operative methods and curative effects of the deltoid ligament injuries. From 2002 to 2008, all 61 patients with ankle fractures complicated with deltoid ligament injuries were treated with open reduction and firm internal fixation. Among the patients, 39 patients were male and 22 patients were female, ranging in age from 14 to 71 years, with an average of 41 years. During the operation, the deltoid ligament was reconstructed to restore the medial and lateral stability of ankle joint. All the patients were followed up ranged from 5 to 30 months, with an average of 17 months. Fifty-nine patients had incision healed at the first stage; 2 patients had superficial infections at lateral malleolus, and healed at the 3rd week after changing dressings. The incisions at the internal medial malleolus were all healed at the first stage. According to Qi evaluation criteria, 35 patients got an excellent result, 13 good and 13 fair. The deltoid ligament should be treated properly in the treatment of ankle joint fractures when open reduction and firm internal fixation were emphasized.

  20. [Surgical activity at the military health service antenna during the Turquoise operation in Rwanda June-August 1994].

    PubMed

    Pons, F; Rigal, S; Dupeyron, C; de Saint-Julien, J

    1996-01-01

    The military health service provided a surgery antenna during the two months of the Turquoise operation in Zaire and Rwanda. During this period, the antenna functioned as a back-up station for the French troop and the local populations subjected to various conditions: Rwanda refugees who had escaped the massacres, subjects wounded by canon shots, war wounds, surgery emergencies in the refugee population. There were 315 operations performed including 33% in children and 70% for lesions of the limbs. The activity during the mission was analyzed on the basis of strategy for surgical diagnosis and treatment under local conditions (lack of complementary examinations, limited number of personnel, disrupted families in the refugee population, no possibility for transfer, major cholera and dysentery epidemic...).

  1. Challenges in the training of military surgeons: experiences from Dutch combat operations in southern Afghanistan.

    PubMed

    Hoencamp, R; Tan, E C T H; Idenburg, F; Ramasamy, A; van Egmond, T; Leenen, L P H; Hamming, J F

    2014-08-01

    To improve care for battle casualties, we analyzed the surgical workload during the Dutch deployment to Uruzgan, Afghanistan. This surgical workload was compared with the resident surgical training and the pre-deployment medical specialist program. Patient data from the trauma registry (2006-2010) at the Dutch Role 2 Medical Treatment Facility (MTF) were analyzed. The case logs of chief residents (n = 15) from the general surgery training program in the Netherlands were used for comparison. The trauma registry query yielded 2,736 casualties, among whom 60 % (1,635/2,736) were classified as disease non-battle casualties and 40 % (1,101/2,736) as battle casualties. During the study period, 1,427 casualties (336 pediatric cases) required 2,319 surgical procedures. Each graduating chief resident handled an average of 1,444 cases, including 165 laparotomies, 19 major vessel repairs, 28 amputations, and 153 fracture stabilizations, during their residency. Residents had limited exposure to injuries requiring a thoracotomy, craniotomy, nephrectomy, IVC repair, or external genital trauma. The injuries treated at the Dutch Role 2 MTF were often severe, and exposure to pediatric cases was much higher than reported for other combat hospitals in Iraq and in Afghanistan. The current civilian resident training does not equip the trainees with the minimally required competences of a fully trained military surgeon. The recognition in the Netherlands of military surgery as a subspecialty within general (trauma) surgery, with a formal training curriculum, should be considered. The introduction of a North Atlantic Treaty Organization Military (and Disaster) Surgery standard may facilitate the achievement of this aim.

  2. A pilot study to evaluate the utility of live training (LIVEX) in the operational preparedness of UK military trauma teams.

    PubMed

    Smith, J E; Withnall, R D J; Rickard, R F; Lamb, D; Sitch, A; Hodgetts, T J

    2016-12-01

    With the end of UK military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, it is essential that peacetime training of Defence Medical Services (DMS) trauma teams ensures appropriate future preparedness. A new model of pre-deployment training involves placement of formed military trauma teams into civilian trauma centres. This study evaluates the benefit of 'live training during an exercise period' (LIVEX) for DMS trauma teams. A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey of participants was conducted. Quantitative data were collected prior to the start and on the final day. Written reports were collected from the coordinators. Thematic analysis was used to identify emergent themes in a supplementary, qualitative analysis. Each team comprised 13 personnel and results should be interpreted with knowledge of this small sample size. The response rate for both the pre-LIVEX and post-LIVEX questionnaire was 100%. By the end of the week, 89% of participants (n=23) stated LIVEX was an 'appropriate or very appropriate' way of preparing for an operational role compared with 40% (n=9) before the exercise (p<0.01). However, completing LIVEX made no difference to participants' personal perception of their own operational preparedness. Thematic analysis suggested greater training benefit for more junior members of the team; from Regulars and Reservists training together; and from two-way exchange of information between DMS and National Health Service medical staffs. Completing LIVEX made no statistically significant difference to participants' personal perception of their own operational preparedness, but the perception of LIVEX as an appropriate training platform improved significantly after conducting the training exercise. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  3. Improving Interagency Planning and Execution at the Operational Level: Creating a Stability and Reconstruction Component Within a Joint Task Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-06-16

    multilateral peace operations ( Hamblet 2000, 1) and for the first time focused attention on the importance of improving coordination among...Until 1996, only JP 3-07.4, Joint Counterdrug Operations, contained useful information on interagency planning and operations ( Hamblet 2000, 1...coordination may look like at the JTF level. In the article “PDD 56 and Complex Contingency Operations,” William Hamblet and Jerry Kline discuss the

  4. Communications Data Base Analysis for Military Operations in a Built-Up Area (MOBA/COBA).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-08-09

    34. The objectives of this study were, broadly, (i) to a sess the state-of-the- art for radio communications in built- up areas; (ii) to determine the...assess the state-of-the- art for communications in built-up areas; (ii) determine the capabilities of the military to maintain reliable communications in...antenna, 0 namely its low profile (much , than a ,-.ar: i ,ve antenna) d small size and weight. 4.1 MOBA Communications Meeti,,,is with Europea

  5. A Look Down the Slippery Slope: Domestic Operations, Outsourcing, and the Erosion of Military Culture

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-01

    First off, I have to say that when I was a student here in 2006, I didn’t dream that I would have the job that I have now … or that such a job would... dreamed of the need for such an office. Back in 2006, our military establishment was focused on “Transformation” of the Department of Defense1 with an...most experienced soldiers and airmen.”104 To be frank, we found ourselves in a surreal situation; we had “contracted out” certain functions

  6. [Environmental risk factors in the territory of military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan].

    PubMed

    Korzeniewski, Krzysztof

    2008-07-01

    Military service in Iraq and Afghanistan is burdened by series of environmental factors such as high and low air temperature, wind, sand, dust, and local fauna. In summertime the main hazard are heat injuries. Sand and dust storms also become troublesome. In the winter another health problem is effect of low temperature. In Afghanistan additional threat pose mountain conditions, especially in wintertime when appear intense snowfalls. Hard conditions more than once characteristic for duty of Stabilization Forces soldiers in both countries can cause significant threat for health and life.

  7. Changes in gut hormones and leptin in military personnel during operational deployment in Afghanistan.

    PubMed

    Hill, Neil E; Fallowfield, Joanne L; Delves, Simon K; Ardley, Christian; Stacey, Michael; Ghatei, Mohammad; Bloom, Stephen R; Frost, Gary; Brett, Stephen J; Wilson, Duncan R; Murphy, Kevin G

    2015-03-01

    Understanding the mechanisms that drive weight loss in a lean population may elucidate systems that regulate normal energy homeostasis. This prospective study of British military volunteers investigated the effects of a 6-month deployment to Afghanistan on energy balance and circulating concentrations of specific appetite-regulating hormones. Measurements were obtained twice in the UK (during the Pre-deployment period) and once in Afghanistan, at Mid-deployment. Body mass, body composition, food intake, and appetite-regulatory hormones (leptin, active and total ghrelin, PYY, PP, GLP-1) were measured. Repeated measures analysis of 105 volunteers showed body mass decreased by 4.9% ± 3.7% (P < 0.0001) during the first half of the deployment. Leptin concentrations were significantly correlated with percentage body fat at each time point. The reduction in percentage body fat between Pre-deployment and Mid-deployment was 8.6%, with a corresponding 48% decrease in mean circulating leptin. Pre-deployment leptin and total and active ghrelin levels correlated with subsequent change in body mass; however. no changes were observed in the anorectic gut hormones GLP-1, PP, or PYY. These data suggest that changes in appetite-regulating hormones in front line military personnel occur in response to, but do not drive, reductions in body mass. © 2015 The Obesity Society.

  8. Diarrheal illness among deployed U.S. military personnel during Operation Bright Star 2001--Egypt.

    PubMed

    Sanders, John W; Putnam, Shannon D; Gould, Philip; Kolisnyk, John; Merced, Norma; Barthel, Vincent; Rozmajzl, Patrick J; Shaheen, Hind; Fouad, Salwa; Frenck, Robert W

    2005-06-01

    In the fall of 2001, approximately 15,000 U.S. military personnel participated in a military exercise in the northwestern Egyptian desert. To assess the prevalence and impact of diarrhea and enteropathogen distribution, we conducted a post-deployment survey and a case series study. A departure convenience sampling (n = 3725) was used in the post-deployment survey. Overall, 9.3% reported diarrhea, 2.6% sought medical care, and 2.8% stopped or decreased their work for at least a day. Among those reporting diarrhea, 41.7% had symptoms for less than 2 days, 43.5% had symptoms from 2-5 days, and 14.8% had symptoms for more than 5 days. In the case series study, pathogens were identified in 53.6% of the 129 cases enrolled. Pathogens identified included enterotoxigenic E. coli (n = 53), enteroaggregative E. coli (n = 13), Cryptosporidium (n = 9), Campylobacter jejuni (n = 7), noroviruses (n = 7), Shigella flexneri (n = 2), rotavirus (n = 2), and Entamoeba histolytica (n = 2). Among those seeking care for diarrhea, two thirds reported a decreased ability or inability to perform their jobs for at least one day, but overall, diarrhea was much less prevalent than in past surveys in this region, with minimal impact on the mission.

  9. Does pre-operative physiotherapy improve outcomes from lower limb joint replacement surgery? A systematic review.

    PubMed

    Ackerman, Ilana N; Bennell, Kim L

    2004-01-01

    A systematic review of randomised controlled trials was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of pre-operative physiotherapy programmes on outcome following lower limb joint replacement surgery. A search of relevant key terms was used to find suitable trials, with five papers meeting the inclusion criteria for the review. The methodological quality of the trials was rated using the PEDro scale. Estimates of the size of treatment effects were calculated for each outcome in each trial, with 95% confidence intervals calculated where sufficient data were provided. Of the three trials pertaining to total knee replacement, only very small mean differences were found between control and intervention groups for all of the outcome measures. Where confidence intervals could be calculated, these showed no clinically important differences between the groups. Two papers (one study) pertaining to total hip replacements found significant improvements in WOMAC scores, hip strength and range of movement, walking distance, cadence, and gait velocity for the intervention group, compared to a control group. Estimates of treatment effect sizes for these outcomes were larger than for the total knee replacement studies, with confidence intervals showing potentially clinically important differences between group means. However, as the intervention group also received an additional intensive post-operative physiotherapy program, these results cannot be attributed solely to the pre-operative program. This systematic review shows that pre-operative physiotherapy programmes are not effective in improving outcome after total knee replacement but their effect on outcome from total hip replacement cannot be adequately determined.

  10. Authorities for Military Operations Against Terrorist Groups: The State of the Debate and Options for Congress

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    Washington Post, Decem- ber 23, 2005; Glenn Greenwald, “Barbara Lee and Dick Durbin’s ‘Nobody-Could-Have- Known’ Defense,” The Guardian, May 7...principles/ Greenwald, Glenn, “Barbara Lee and Dick Durbin’s ‘Nobody-Could-Have- Known’ Defense,” The Guardian, May 7, 2013. House Joint Resolution 125

  11. 28 CFR 48.4 - Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. 48.4 Section 48.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) NEWSPAPER PRESERVATION ACT § 48.4 Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. (a) Persons desiring to obtain...

  12. 28 CFR 48.4 - Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. 48.4 Section 48.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) NEWSPAPER PRESERVATION ACT § 48.4 Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. (a) Persons desiring to obtain...

  13. 28 CFR 48.4 - Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. 48.4 Section 48.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) NEWSPAPER PRESERVATION ACT § 48.4 Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. (a) Persons desiring to obtain...

  14. 28 CFR 48.4 - Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. 48.4 Section 48.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) NEWSPAPER PRESERVATION ACT § 48.4 Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. (a) Persons desiring to obtain...

  15. 28 CFR 48.4 - Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. 48.4 Section 48.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) NEWSPAPER PRESERVATION ACT § 48.4 Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. (a) Persons desiring to obtain the...

  16. Joint Program Management Handbook

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-12-01

    program examples include the Worldwide Military Command and Control System (WWMCCS), Joint Stand-Off Weapon (JSOW), V22 Osprey , the Joint...MANAGEMENT HANDBOOK LIST OF FIGURES 1-1 DEFINITION OF JOINT POTENTIAL DESIGNATOR . .1-3 2-1 JOINT DOD ACQUISITION AUTHORITY CHAIN (ACAT ID PROGRAMS...INTRODUCTION TO JOINT PROGRAM MANAGEMENT This haIKlimk is designed to help curient and future joint program personnel. It contains advice that

  17. European military mental health research: benefits of collaboration.

    PubMed

    Himmerich, Hubertus; Willmund, G D; Wesemann, U; Jones, N; Fear, N T

    2017-06-01

    Despite joint participation in international military operations, few collaborative military mental health research projects have been undertaken by European countries. From a common perspective of military mental health researchers from Germany and the UK, the lack of shared research might be related not only to the use of different languages but also the different ways in which the two militaries provide mental health and medical support to operations and differences in military institutions. One area that is suitable for military health research collaboration within UK and German forces is mental health and well-being among military personnel. This could include the study of resilience factors, the prevention of mental disorder, mental health awareness, stigma reduction and the treatment of mental disorder. Military mental health research topics, interests and the studies that have been conducted to date in the UK and Germany have considerable overlap and commonality of purpose. To undertake the investigation of the long-term consequences of operational deployment, the specific burdens placed on military families and to further the understanding of the role of factors such as biomarkers for use in military mental health research, it seems advisable to forge international research alliances across European nations, which would allow for researchers to draw transcultural and generalisable conclusions from their work. Such an enterprise is probably worthwhile given the shared research interests of Germany and the UK and the common perspectives on military mental health in particular. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  18. Time, Space, and Force Considerations for a Joint Force Commander’s Air Operations in a Counterinsurgency

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-04

    end of the range of military operations ( ROMO ), particularly Counter-Insurgency (COIN), the JTF has many options when deciding how to conduct air...few in number, and are severely hampered by the elements. The desert environment may be an ideal location for them, but wind , rain, and clouds...simultaneously, and different portions of the ROMO . One unit in the AO may be establishing a new police force, while another is conducting a strike against a

  19. Executive Report: JSOU (Joint Special Operations University) First Annual Symposium, 2-5 May 2006, Hurlburt Field, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-05

    strategic levels of analysis, organizational structure is very important. While employing international networks to counter the Al Qaeda terrorist network...respect to Department of Defense (DoD) intelligence structure . Among these are the launching of two important studies to improve intel- ligence...low priority of their vestigial Civil-Military Operations Center (CMOC) elements for assets—inattention to cultural, language training, and the

  20. Does the Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (JSTARS) Support Military Peace Operations? A Case Study of JSTARS Support to Operation JOINT ENDEAVOR.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Socialist Republics (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro , Serbia, and Slovenia) and two Socialist Autonomous Provinces (Kosovo and...Europe (USAREUR) as well. 21 Roberto Corsini, Colonel, Italian Air Force, "The Balkan War, What Role for Airpower?" Air Power Journal, (Winter 95...Cappacio, Tony. "An Army Bosnia Review Rates JSTARS a White Elephant." Defense Week. (25 October 1996). Corsini, Roberto , COL, Italian Air Force