Science.gov

Sample records for joint military operations

  1. Joint Doctrine for Civil-Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-02-08

    significant patient population differences, (e.g., normal military population , pediatric , and relative health status of the local population and environmental...authorities, and the general population , resources, and institutions in friendly, neutral, or hostile areas where their forces are employed in order to...reduce friction between the civilian population and the military force. The objective is to minimize interference with military operations by the

  2. Developing a pharmaceutical formulary for joint military medical operations.

    PubMed

    Caouette, Marc L

    2005-02-01

    This article describes the development of a standardized formulary for medical contingency operations for any theater of operations. The article compares peacetime health care systems within the Department of Defense and the formulary systems developed and used within the fixed facility environment with Department of Defense contingency health care operations systems and the complications encountered while attempting formulary development for the deployed environment. Despite great difficulties, the Joint Readiness Clinical Advisory Board developed, published, and marketed a jointly approved, standardized, modernized formulary to assist forces deploying for Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. The process used by the Joint Readiness Clinical Advisory Board during formulary development is described in detail, giving readers an understanding of the foundations of the Joint Deployment Formulary. The military departments will experience the benefits of enhanced supply chain predictability and responsiveness, increased clinician satisfaction, and improved patient safety and health care quality by implementing the Joint Deployment Formulary for their forces engaged in contingency operations.

  3. Joint and National Intelligence Support to Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-10-07

    dissemination and evaluation ” to “dissemination and integration” as an intelligence operation and discusses the integration of intelligence and operations...Adds “ evaluation and feedback” as an intelligence operation. Revises the discussion of intelligence support to joint planning. Discusses...these evaluations and the resulting feedback, remedial actions should be initiated, as required, to improve the performance of intelligence operations

  4. Personnel Security during Joint Operations with Foreign Military Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-01

    century society into the twenty-first century encounters a number of obstacles. Illiteracy and innumeracy rates are high, and repressive social values are...Operations with Foreign Military Forces Feature quickly degraded into executions for social infractions like blasphemy. Repression soon followed, and the...is functionally illiterate, how do we expect to close this gap without a massive education program to support it? Miscommunication is the breeding

  5. Distance Learning in Advanced Military Education: Analysis of Joint Operations Course in the Taiwan Military

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tung, Ming-Chih; Huang, Jiung-yao; Keh, Huan-Chao; Wai, Shu-shen

    2009-01-01

    High-ranking officers require advanced military education in war tactics for future combat. However, line officers rarely have time to take such courses on campus. The conventional solution to this problem used to take the inefficient correspondence courses. Whereas Internet technologies progress, online course is the current trend for military…

  6. Joint Task Force-Bravo: A Case Study in Military Operations Other Than War.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Pheasant , was initiated. The United States military elements along with their Honduran allies were in positions within thirty-six hours of the...Second, multinational exercises are effective as foreign deterrence options. Big Pine II and Operation Golden Pheasant produced diplomatic, social

  7. EU Civil-Military Cell: Useful Model for Joint/Interagency Operations?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-22

    facilities provided by one of the five Operation Headquarters (OHQs) currently available in European Member States. These are: the French OHQ in Mont ...security-defence/capabilities/eu-civilian-and-military- capability-development?lang=en (accessed January 20, 2012). 3 Carmen Gebhard, “The

  8. Operational Stress and Correlates of Mental Health Among Joint Task Force Guantanamo Bay Military Personnel.

    PubMed

    Webb-Murphy, Jennifer A; De La Rosa, Gabriel M; Schmitz, Kimberly J; Vishnyak, Elizabeth J; Raducha, Stephanie C; Roesch, Scott C; Johnston, Scott L

    2015-12-01

    Military personnel deployed to Joint Task Force Guantanamo Bay (JTF-GTMO) faced numerous occupational stressors. As part of a program evaluation, personnel working at JTF-GTMO completed several validated self-report measures. Personnel were at the beginning, middle, or end of their deployment phase. This study presents data regarding symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, alcohol abuse, depression, and resilience among 498 U.S. military personnel deployed to JTF-GTMO in 2009. We also investigated individual and organizational correlates of mental health among these personnel. Findings indicated that tenure at JTF-GTMO was positively related to adverse mental health outcomes. Regression models including these variables had R2 values ranging from .02 to .11. Occupation at JTF-GTMO also related to mental health such that guards reported poorer mental health than medical staff. Reluctance to seek out mental health care was also related to mental health outcomes. Those who reported being most reluctant to seek out care tended to report poorer mental health than those who were more willing to seek out care. Results suggested that the JTF-GTMO deployment was associated with significant psychological stress, and that both job-related and attitude-related variables were important to understanding mental health symptoms in this sample.

  9. 9 April 1940 German Invasion of Norway - The Dawn of Decisive Airpower during Joint Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-03-01

    April 1940, (US Army Command and Staff College, Ft Leavenworth, KS : April 1988) 7-8 7Johns Andenaes, et al., Norway and the Second War, ( Olav Riste...in Norway, 10 6Johns Andenaes, et al, Norway and the Second War, ( Olav Riste & Magne Skodvin, Tanum-Norli, 1966), 9-13 7Ibid. 8Earl Ziemke, The German...Leavenworth, KS ) 23 4Ibid., 23-24 5Joint Pub 3-56.1, Command and Control for Joint Air Operations, (14 November 1994) II-2 6Gordon Prange, At Dawn

  10. Whole of Government - The Search for a True Joint Interagency Approach to Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-22

    represents a small change in the initial condition of the system, which causes a chain of events leading to large-scale phenomena . Had the butterfly...regional police services. This groundwork paid dividends in the successful joint investigation into the Bali bombings. The foundation of the investigation

  11. Joint Newspaper Operating Agreements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parsons, Marie

    The number of competing daily newspapers in American cities has dwindled until only about 50 cities boast two papers. Of the newspapers in those cities, 23 now maintain separate editorial operations but have joint printing, advertising, and circulation departments. The concept of joint operation is 50 years old, dating from the Depression years…

  12. The Joint Medical Workstation (JMeWS) database in 2003: intradeployment health encounters of military personnel supporting Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom.

    PubMed

    Hooper, Tomoko I; DeBakey, Samar F; Bellis, Kimberly S; Cox, Kenneth L; Gackstetter, Gary D

    2008-02-01

    The Joint Medical Work Station (JMeWS) is a theater medical surveillance system that integrates information from three separate health data collection systems for the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines. Our objective was to characterize JMeWS data during its first year of implementation in 2003. We conducted a descriptive analysis of health events documented in JMeWS among military personnel deployed to Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. Among the 38,498 individuals (7.8%) with a JMeWS record, women, college-educated, older individuals, and Reserve/Guard personnel were over-represented. There was wide variability by service (Air Force, 25%; Army, 5.5%; Marine Corps, 1.2%; and Navy, 0.6%). The most common diagnoses were in the categories of injury and poisoning, respiratory conditions, and musculoskeletal disorders. Differences in distribution of the various patient encounter modules in theater likely resulted in variable data capture across services. System enhancements should improve future applications.

  13. Risk Management and the Joint Military Commander.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-02-01

    risk assessment, is the process called risk management . Practiced repeatedly, personal and professional risk management can become ’common sense...war and military operations other than war (MOOTW). This report discusses the USA Five Step Process, from which users develop tools, techniques, and procedures for applying risk management in their areas of responsibility.

  14. Contractors Supporting Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-30

    syndrome among contracting officers which has likewise been noted. The fielding of large numbers of on-site contract oversight personnel rather than... Clipper . By December 1941, the A.V.G. was preparing to move to Kunming, its base in China. Each squadron in the A.V.G. had at least twenty operational...to the inevitable and surrendered the atoll. Before the war, Wake Island was a refueling and rest stop for the Pan American clipper . For about

  15. Joint Electromagnetic Spectrum Management Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-20

    synchronizing, and deconflicting JEMSMO actions (p. IV-7) Doctrine Update for JP 6-01, Joint Electromagnetic Spectrum Management Operations...communications system directorate of a joint staff (J-6), to support joint planning, coordination, and control of the spectrum for assigned forces. Executive...in the respective Service or joint publications. Interference Resolution To ensure critical frequencies and spectrum-dependent systems are

  16. Deficiencies in Indian Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-26

    India’s Sri Lanka Fiasco: Peace Keepers at War (New Delhi: Vision Books, 1990), 137. 3...Joint Force 2020 (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 10 September 2012), 16; Indian Army Doctrine, Part II Conduct of Operations, 1st ed...the US principles of joint operations. 11 JP 3-0, I-1. 12 Capstone Concept for Joint Operations: Joint Force 2020 , 16. 13 Indian Army Doctrine, Part

  17. Joint Doctrine for Space Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    c. USSPACECOM Space Operations Center ( SPOC ). The SPOC is the focal point with USSPACECOM for obtaining space support. d. Day-to-Day Operations...notify the National Military Command Center (NMCC) and the NORAD and USSPACECOM chains of command (including the NORAD Operation Center and SPOC ), as...commanders from NORAD-USSPACECOM’s CMOC, which is backed up by the SPOC . USSPACECOM will also operate and maintain global and regional satellite

  18. Joint Operation Planning

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-12-26

    feasibility — only then does he issue an order.” General Mathew B. Ridgway The Korean War, 1967 SECTION A. JOINT STRATEGIC PLANNING — TYPES AND SCOPE 1...necessary. Meanwhile from the west would come the U.S. (sic) Army’s power punch. Looking at [Commander, XVIII Airborne Corps, Lieutenant General] Gary

  19. The Impact of Unmanned Aerial Systems on Joint Operational Art

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-17

    The Impact of Unmanned Aerial Systems on Joint Operational Art A Monograph by Major Joel E Pauls USAF School of Advanced Military Studies...Unmanned Aerial Systems on Joint Operational Art 6. AUTHOR(S) Joel E. Pauls Major, United States Air Force 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND...Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited 13. ABSTRACT (Maximum 200 Words) The use of Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) by the United States

  20. Civil Military Operations In Ecuador

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-03-01

    governments of Argentina , Chile, El Salvador, and Guatemala are examples of the application of the praetorian military mind in accordance with the... Argentina and Chile during the 1970s and 1980s, and Central America during the 1980s and 1990s. With the spread of democracy, respect for human rights...27 Harold A. Trinkunas, "Crafting Civilian Control in Argentina and Venezuela", in David Pion - Berlin, Civil Military Relations

  1. Joint Operations. Change 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-02-13

    include: (a) Authority to speak for the JFC or other parent commander. (b) Familiar with the combat identification ( CID ) capability of both parties...information that is mission essential, affects lower- level operations, facilitates CID , and is perishable. (8) Logistics. Multinational logistics is a...identification checks on a set but unpredictable pattern. For additional guidance on antiterrorism. refer to JP 3-07.2, Antiterrorism (7) CID is the

  2. Military Implications of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-06-01

    gentlemen with impressive credentials. Mr. Richard M. Connaughton was educated at Duke of York’s Royal Military School, at Sandhurst, and at St...and international relations. Mr. Connaughton is tile author of a number of publications on tile suhjcect of military security. The other panelist is Mr... Connaughton MY TASK IS TR) DISCUSS ASPECTS of Command. Cont011 and Coalition Operations. Coalition Operations as a plausiblc means of collective

  3. The Joint Master Operational Planner

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-04

    understanding of complex environments, and apply forces and functions effectively within these environments. These planners are as much in the dark as...student understanding of Joint Matters from a Service component perspective at the operational and tactical levels of war.”61 Learning areas include...subject matter .63 To comprehend, students must the meaning of the material and information.64 59

  4. The Egyptian Military Elite: An Operational Code

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-09-01

    borneiof common experience and Cconn& social background; (2) Therq-mi-1it - seek the political universe in perpetual conflict-They--.>avJ will continue...elite has a common approach to decision making borne of common experience and common social background. 2) The Egyptian military sees the political... experience affects the military’s operational code. The historical analysis is divided into four time periods: 1955-61, 1961-67, 1967-73, 1973-75. The

  5. The United States Military and Humanitarian Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-01-01

    stated that, "The wave of the future will be putting together task forces that will be able to respond to crisis management or humanitarian...equipped for combat. "The skills needed to feed hungry people in Africa or build tent cities for hurricane victims are different from the skills needed...examine three options for the military’s role in humanitaria operations at home and abroad. Option 1: Virtually Eliminate Anv Military Role This is the

  6. Joint Professional Military Education: Time for a New Goal

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    creation of the general staff. The most celebrated was the German Krieg’s Academy.2 The subjects, concepts and methodologies have changed and...appears to be a key distinction between joint and jointness beyond the grammatical differences between a noun and an adverb ...Staff Officer Education for the 21st Century: Examining the German Model. Leavenworth: School of Advanced Military Studies, United States Army

  7. Joint Special Operations Task Force-Philippines

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-21

    conditions of the Philippines operational environment and the regional military objectives established by senior policy makers. The indirect approach...employed by the JSOTF-P offers a model for the U.S. military to combat regional /global terrorism inside a partner nation’s sovereign territory under...American military personnel operating within the country or region ; or the partner nation has a constitutional or otherwise legal prohibition against

  8. Military Contingency Operations: The Lessons of Political-Military Coordination

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-06-06

    of political-rntlitary coordination* case I studies of contingency force interventions, and comparative analysis of the interventions, fact~ors...srvey of the lIt erature of political-military coordination, case studies of contingency force Interventions, and comparative analysis of’ the...intervontions, factors fundamental to successful contln- gency operations are developed. The study finds that many contingency force opera- tions have

  9. 7 CFR 1400.203 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Joint operations. 1400.203 Section 1400.203... AND SUBSEQUENT CROP, PROGRAM, OR FISCAL YEARS Payment Eligibility § 1400.203 Joint operations. (a) A member of a joint operation will be considered to be actively engaged in farming with respect to...

  10. 49 CFR 225.23 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Joint operations. 225.23 Section 225.23....23 Joint operations. (a) Any reportable death, injury, or illness of an employee arising from an accident/incident involving joint operations must be reported on Form FRA F 6180.55a by the...

  11. 49 CFR 225.23 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Joint operations. 225.23 Section 225.23....23 Joint operations. (a) Any reportable death, injury, or illness of an employee arising from an accident/incident involving joint operations must be reported on Form FRA F 6180.55a by the...

  12. 7 CFR 1400.203 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Joint operations. 1400.203 Section 1400.203... AND SUBSEQUENT CROP, PROGRAM, OR FISCAL YEARS Payment Eligibility § 1400.203 Joint operations. (a) A member of a joint operation will be considered to be actively engaged in farming with respect to...

  13. 49 CFR 225.23 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Joint operations. 225.23 Section 225.23....23 Joint operations. (a) Any reportable death, injury, or illness of an employee arising from an accident/incident involving joint operations must be reported on Form FRA F 6180.55a by the...

  14. 7 CFR 1400.203 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Joint operations. 1400.203 Section 1400.203... AND SUBSEQUENT CROP, PROGRAM, OR FISCAL YEARS Payment Eligibility § 1400.203 Joint operations. (a) A member of a joint operation will be considered to be actively engaged in farming with respect to...

  15. 49 CFR 225.23 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Joint operations. 225.23 Section 225.23....23 Joint operations. (a) Any reportable death, injury, or illness of an employee arising from an accident/incident involving joint operations must be reported on Form FRA F 6180.55a by the...

  16. 49 CFR 225.23 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Joint operations. 225.23 Section 225.23....23 Joint operations. (a) Any reportable death, injury, or illness of an employee arising from an accident/incident involving joint operations must be reported on Form FRA F 6180.55a by the...

  17. 7 CFR 1400.203 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Joint operations. 1400.203 Section 1400.203... AND SUBSEQUENT CROP, PROGRAM, OR FISCAL YEARS Payment Eligibility § 1400.203 Joint operations. (a) A member of a joint operation will be considered to be actively engaged in farming with respect to...

  18. 7 CFR 1400.203 - Joint operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Joint operations. 1400.203 Section 1400.203... AND SUBSEQUENT CROP, PROGRAM, OR FISCAL YEARS Payment Eligibility § 1400.203 Joint operations. (a) A member of a joint operation will be considered to be actively engaged in farming with respect to...

  19. Cultural intelligence support for military operations

    SciTech Connect

    Guthormsen, Amy M.; MacKerrow, Edward P; Merritt, Terence M; Morgart, Ruth E

    2010-04-08

    It has long been recognized that military success relies on knowledge of the enemy. In the context of standard warfare, adequate knowledge of the enemy may be gained by analyzing observable, measurable data. In the context of modern counterinsurgency operations and the global war on terror, the task of predicting the behavior of the enemy is vastly more complex and difficult. Without an understanding of the ways individuals in the host nation interpret and react to events, no amount of objective information can provide the insight required to accurately predict behavior. US military doctrine has begun to recognize the importance of the many ways that local culture can affect operation success. Increasingly military decision makers use cultural information in the service of operation planning, and troops are provided with pre-deployment cultural training. However, no amount of training can cover the breadth and depth of potentially useful cultural information, and no amount of careful planning can avoid the need to adapt as situations develop. Therefore, a critical challenge is to provide useful tools to US personnel in their efforts to collect, analyze, and utilize cultural information. Essential functions for cultural support tools include the following: (1) to narrow down a broad range of available data and focus the user's attention on context-relevant information, (2) to present cultural information in an easily understood form, (3) to prompt the user to seek relevant information in the environment, (4) to synthesize information, and (5) to predict outcomes based on possible courses of operation. In this paper, we begin by reviewing the ways in which military operations can benefit from cultural intelligence. We then discuss frameworks for analyzing cultural information in the context of a military operation. We conclude with a demonstration of our current efforts to develop a tool that meets the aforementioned functional challenges.

  20. Computational Linguistics in Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    information dominance at the operational and tactical level of war in future warfare. Discussion: Mastering culture and language in a foreign country is decisive to understand the operational environment. In addition, the ability to understand and speak a foreign language is a prerequisite to achieve truly comprehension of an unfamiliar culture. Lasting operations in Afghanistan and Iraq and the necessity to breach the language gap lead to progress in the field of Machine Translation and the development of technical solutions to close the gap in the past decade. This paper

  1. The application of CRM to military operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cavanagh, Dale E.; Williams, Kenneth R.

    1987-01-01

    The detailed content of the CRM training component of the C-5 Aircrew Training System (ATS) was left to the discretion of the contractor. As a part of determining what the content should be, United Airlines Services Corporation has made an effort to understand how the needs of MAC crews compare with those of civilian airline crews. There are distinct similarities between the crew roles in the cockpits of civilian airliners and military air transports. Many of the attitudes and behaviors exhibited by civil and military crew members are comparable, hence much of the training in the field referred to as Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) is equally appropriate to civil or military aircrews. At the same time, there are significant differences which require assessment to determine if modifications to what might be termed generic CRM are necessary. The investigation enabled the definition and specification of CRM training which is believed to address the needs of the C-5 operational community. The study has concentrated largely on military airlift, but the training objectives and course content of the CRM training are readily adaptable to a wider range of military cockpits than are found in strategic airlift. For instance, CRM training focusing on communication, leadership, situational awareness, and crew coordination is just as appropriate, with some modification, to the pilots manning a flight to Tactical Airlift Command A-7's as it is to the pilots, flight engineers, and loadmasters crewing a C-5.

  2. Military Police Operations and Counterinsurgency

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-01

    for special access programs. , 3.10. Employs specialized investigative techniques to include forensic and t:>ehavioral sciencell and hypnosis . 3.11...for Forensic Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (polygraph) examinations. 3.13. Operates the U.S. Air Force Special Investigations Academy

  3. The Effectiveness of Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-01-01

    and the Pacific made the long-range heavy bomber the most promising means for coming directly to grips with those nations on their own territory and...approved further operations in the Mediterranean, the prospect of coming to grips with the German main forces appeared to be receding into the...double envelopment, the Zangenangriff ( pincers movement), the employment of two maneuver elements to encircle the enemy, replaced the hammer and the

  4. Medical supply on contingency military operations: experience from Operation GRITROCK.

    PubMed

    Robinson, J P; Reeves, P

    2015-01-01

    Medical supply during military operations has the ability to affect the efficacy of the operation being undertaken, either negatively or positively. An appropriately-managed maritime platform with a robust medical supply chain during transit and on arrival in theatre is the main aim. A secure supply chain will reduce any implications that logistics may have with regard to capability, and negate the effects of deficiencies of short shelf life items occurring over time and during use in high tempo operations.

  5. Military Personnel: Joint Officer Development Has Improved, But a Strategic Approach Is Needed. Report to the Subcommittee on Military Personnel, Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

    In response to the need of military leaders to be better prepared to plan, support, and conduct joint (multi-service and multi-national) operations, Congress enacted the Goldwater- Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986. Positive steps were taken to implement provisions in the Act that address the education, assignment, and…

  6. New York Operation: Military Kids Afterschool Universe Cosmic Camps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schaff, N.

    2010-08-01

    The Cornell Center for Radiophysics and Space Research education and public outreach program and the New York State Operation: Military Kids program partnered to plan four weekend "Cosmic Camps" for youth from military families using the NASA Afterschool Universe program.

  7. Operation Anaconda. Lessons for Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-01

    ample education, training, and exercises on the applicable joint doctrine and procedures, including theater air ground systems (TAGS). Sub-Lesson 1B...exercises and evaluation . Thus, there are conflicting interpretations of how CAS is treated in joint training and how it is practiced today. In USAF...air support system , weather delays of a few days provided an opportunity to practice joint fire support with the air component. Early on Day 1 of the

  8. Joint Military Ethics: A Framework for the Future.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    a vain attempt to put out a forest that is burning to the ground. The military is currently undergoing an evolution in mission and force structure...severely hamper future operations. CHARACTER DEVELOPMENT "A man of character in peace will be a man of courage in war." - Lord Moron By most accounts

  9. El Ro De Gente: U.S. Military Role in Joint, Interagency, Intergovernmental, and Multi-National Operations to Help Manage the River of People from Central America to the U.S.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-10

    U.S. military alone is not the solution to difficult global security issues including immigration. Consistent with U.S. national strategy represented...U.S. can remain actively engaged globally in phase-0 operations through JIIM operation in a strategy to prevent future major conflicts. Learning from...challenges to national security posed by illegal immigration. The broad overview of global migration was covered as background to develop the idea

  10. El Rio De Gente: U.S. Military Role In Joint, Interagency, Intergovernmental, and Multi-National (JIIM) Operations to Help Manage the River of People from Central America to the U.S.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-10

    U.S. military alone is not the solution to difficult global security issues including immigration. Consistent with U.S. national strategy represented...U.S. can remain actively engaged globally in phase-0 operations through JIIM operation in a strategy to prevent future major conflicts. Learning from...challenges to national security posed by illegal immigration. The broad overview of global migration was covered as background to develop the idea

  11. American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-26

    16 Table 14. Operation Iraqi Freedom: Military Deaths , March 19, 2003, Through...Freedom: Military Deaths , March 19, 2003, Through February 6, 2010 Casualty Type Totals Army Navya Marines Air Force Hostile 3,469 2,524 65 851 29...2 Table 2. Worldwide U.S. Active Duty Military Deaths

  12. Mortuary Affairs in Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-06-05

    Armed Forces Medical Examiner System (AFMES) as warranted. Human remains are handled with great care in regard to preservation of forensic evidence...general, the AFME has the authority to conduct a forensic pathology investigation, including an autopsy, of the death of any military member serving on...released from US custody without authorization from the AFME and the responsible commander. The AFMES has the expertise in the fields of forensic

  13. 21st Century Military Operations in a Complex Electromagnetic Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-07-01

    Operations in a Complex Electromagnetic Environment 4 waveforms it radiates , techniques, or timing, within hours as what works and what does not work is...21st Century Military Operations in a Complex Electromagnetic Environment JULY 2015 This page intentionally blank REPORT OF...THE DEFENSE SCIENCE BOARD STUDY ON 21st Century Military Operations in a Complex Electromagnetic Environment July 2015 Office of the

  14. Joint Operation Planning and Execution

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-03-01

    CLASSIFICATION AUTHORITY 3 . DISTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY OF REPORT Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 2b. DECLASSIFICATIONJDOWNGRADING...11 3 . Views of Resources ... ............ . 11 a. Requirements Planning .. ......... .. 12 b. Capabilities Planning .. ......... .. 12 4...16 ( 3 ) Combatant Commands .. ........ .. 17 (4) Service Component Commands .... 17 (5) Subordinate Joint Commands .... 18 2. Supported and Supporting

  15. Developing Joint Information Operations Warriors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-13

    the spectrum of conflict more than ever before. Information dominance has always been important, but the speed and methods at which it can be sent... information dominance . The analysis begins with a quick review of joint IO doctrine, Service approaches to IO, and IO personnel management. Next, IO

  16. The Effect Terrorist Labels Have on Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-17

    Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited The Effect Terrorist Labels Have On Military Operations A Monograph by MAJ Leighton W...NOTES 14. ABSTRACT This research conducts an analysis of U.S. laws surrounding terrorism in order to assess the effects they have on military...STUDIES MONOGRAPH APPROVAL Major Leighton W. Anglin Title of Monograph: The Effect Terrorist Labels Have On Military Operations Approved by

  17. Implementing Joint Operational Access: From Concept to Joint Force Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    multiple DOTMLPF-P gover - nance processes across the Department of Defense (DOD). Finally, pulling all of the various activities together related to JOA...eral Martin E . Dempsey signed the Joint Concept for Entry Operations (JCEO) on April 7, 2014. 5 Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership, 5. 6 JOAC, 33–36

  18. Major Joint/Combined Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    engagements, strikes) conducted by various combat forces of a single or several services, coordinated in time and place to accomplish an...operational and sometimes strategic objective in an operational area. These actions are conducted simultaneously or sequentially in accordance with a common...In generic terms, a major operation can be described as consisting of a series of related major and minor tactical actions by two or more combat

  19. Engineer Doctrine for Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    command relationships. Engineer forces could be OPERATION FUERTE APOYO ENGINEER COMMAND AND CONTROL In late October 1998, Hurricane Mitch slammed into...Salvador, and Guatemala. OPERATION FUERTE APOYO ENGINEER COMMAND AND CONTROL USSOUTHCOM ENGINEER Miami, FL JTF-B J7 Soto Cano, HO JTF-Aguila Engineer

  20. Civil Military Cooperation for Counterterrorism Operations within the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    military, specifically Special Operations Forces, possesses a pool of talent in advanced counterterrorism operations that is not being utilized by...United States. The U.S. military, specifically Special Operations Forces, possesses a pool of talent in advanced counterterrorism operations that...examine and restructure the force allowing creativity to be applied to existing and older problems. The Army has created new and effective ideas when

  1. Effective monitoring and evaluation of military humanitarian medical operations.

    PubMed

    Waller, Stephen G; Powell, Clydette; Ward, Jane B; Riley, Kevin

    2011-01-01

    Non-military government agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have made great strides in the evaluation of humanitarian medical work, and have learned valuable lessons regarding monitoring and evaluation (M&E) that may be equally as valuable to military medical personnel. We reviewed the recent literature by the worldwide humanitarian community regarding the art and science of M&E, with focus toward military applications. The successes and failures of past humanitarian efforts have resulted in prolific analyses. Alliances of NGOs set the standard for humanitarian quality and M&E standards. Military medical personnel can apply some of these standards to military humanitarian M&E in complex and stability operations. The authors believe that the NGO community?s M&E standards should be applied to improve evaluation of U.S. military medical humanitarian operations.

  2. The oil and gas joint operating agreement

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    This book covers the following topics: introduction to the AAPL model form operating agreement; property provisions of the operating agreement; Article 6---the drilling and development article; duties and obligations revisited---who bear what risk of loss; operator's liens; accounting procedure joint operations; insurance; taking gas in kind absent a balancing agreement; RMMLF Form 5 Gas Balancing Agreement; tax partnerships for nontax professionals; alternative agreement forms.

  3. Applying Culture to Military Operations: A Review of Foreign Militaries

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-04

    competency and therefore must be trained in basic media , communication , cultural and linguistic skills and specific in-country knowledge.” 26 But...ability to effectively communicate with and understand the cultures of coalition forces, international partners, and local populations.” 2 and the DoD...terms of beliefs, traditions, religions, and social norms. The challenge for militaries with defining culture is that the definition seems

  4. Future Operating Concept - Joint Computer Network Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-17

    of explosive vests in a central market, a beheading captured in streaming video, precise cyber/space/ missile strikes, or Know the enemy and know...cross-theater campaigns. 18 USSTRATCOM integrates space, global strike, ISR, network warfare, and missile defense into functional commands 63...These operations are ―highly dynamic and maneuverable with transitions between F2T2EA phases nearly instantaneously.‖ Integrating effects based

  5. Recommendations for Improving FBI Joint Counterterrorism Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-13

    Development includes specific activities designed to expand mindsets, in addition to the behaviors , skills, and experience of the individual.48 As described...operations with the military, the FBI enhances its ability to conduct investigative activity in defense of the U.S. Without improvements to the...FBI’s existing system of assigning leaders to match the needs of the organization, the ability to fulfill these responsibilities, as set forth in the 9

  6. Planning and operational considerations for units utilizing military working dogs.

    PubMed

    Royal, Joseph; Taylor, Charles L

    2009-01-01

    Military working dogs are rapidly becoming integral to military operations. While they bring many valuable capabilities to the battlefield, it is important that Special Operations leaders consider canine team capabilities and requirements when planning missions. Careful logistical and operational planning can optimize the health, performance, and readiness of the working dog while protecting the safety and well-being of the team members working with them. We also offer recommendations for medical treatment of dog bites.

  7. The Joint Master Operational Planner

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-04

    analysis, gestalt problem solving, mind mapping, deconstruction, value engineering, and simulations. Operational Environment Analyst The JMOP is an...exposure to a broader base of knowledge in areas of inquiry such as psychology , sociology, economics, and political science. Another subject of study...areas that broaden the student in a way that current PME lacks. Specifically, the program begins a tailored study in the fields of psychology

  8. Coordinating medical civil military operations in Multinational Division-North.

    PubMed

    Smyrski, John A; Rainey, McKinley; Roach, Shane; Stevens, Mark; Hernandez, Gloria; Vargo, Ruth

    2010-11-01

    Medical civil military operations (MCMO) are part of military civil capacity-building efforts within the full spectrum of military operations, from war to military operations other than war. In 2008-2009 during Operation Iraqi Freedom, the Division Surgeon's Section (DSS) of the 25th Infantry Division (25ID) and Multinational Division-North developed an innovative MCMO program in northern Iraq. The program centered on understanding and mapping key relationships, empowering brigade-level programs, and leveraging technology to identify and share best practices. The DSS mapped the critical relationships within and between the three entities affecting MCMO: the government of Iraq (GOI), Department of State (DOS), and the Department of Defense (DOD). A division MCMO working group was then created along with processes to facilitate MCMO project execution and program management. The structure and organization of the 25ID MCMO program lend themselves to other operational environments requiring synchronization of medical capacity-building efforts.

  9. Joint Logistics: A Direct Approach to Effective U.S. Military Foreign Disaster Assistance

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-03

    large 5 variety of military forces and multinational and other government organizations ( OGAs ). 10 The JLE exists within this operational...decrease parallel efforts of the military, OGAs and NGOs. Fixing the inefficiencies in the military logistical system is the first step to providing a

  10. An innovative medical civil-military operation training program.

    PubMed

    Lougee, Douglas; Kemmer, Teresa M; Lynch, Julia

    2007-02-01

    The San Antonio Military Pediatric Center has developed an innovative humanitarian civic assistance (HCA) program. Many medical HCA programs focus on short-term medical interventions and provide transient benefit. To have a more lasting impact, this program focuses on public health surveillance. U.S. military medics conduct random household nutritional surveys and train in austere settings and on rounds in Honduran hospitals. Since 2001, >200 military medics have been trained in population assessment, primary medical care in developing nations, and other skills critical for medical civil-military operations. All activities are coordinated with the host nation. Public health data are collected and reported to Honduran public health leaders, the U.S. Agency for International Development, and nongovernmental organizations, to assist with program and policy development. This innovative project is a potential model to improve both military training and host nation benefit from HCA programs.

  11. Benign joint hypermobility syndrome in soldiers; what is the effect of military training courses on associated joint instabilities?

    PubMed Central

    Azma, Kamran; Mottaghi, Peyman; Hosseini, Alireza; Abadi, Hossein Hassan; Nouraei, Mohammad Hadi

    2014-01-01

    Background: Hypermobile joints are joints with beyond normal range of motion and may be associated with joint derangements. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS) among soldiers and effect of training courses on related joint instabilities. Materials and Methods: In a prospective cohort study on 721 soldiers of Iran Army in Isfahan in 2013 the prevalence of joint hypermobility was obtained by using Beighton criteria. Soldiers divided in two groups of healthy and suffered based on their scores. The prevalence of ankle sprain, shoulder and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocations identified before beginning service by history-taking and reviewing paraclinical documents. After 3 months of military training, a recent occurrence of mentioned diseases was revaluated in two groups. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS-20 software using Independent-T and Chi-square tests. Results: The frequency of BJHS before military training was 29.4%. After passing military training period, the incidence of ankle sprain was significantly higher in suffered group achieving the minimum Beighton score (BS) of 4 (4.3%, P = 0.03), 5 (5.5%, P = 0.005) and also 6 out of 9 (6.5%, P = 0.01). The incidence of TMJ dislocation was not significantly different based on a minimum score of 4, while it was higher in suffered group when considering the score of 5 (2.1%) and 6 (2.6%) for discrimination of two groups (P = 0.03). There was no significant difference between two groups in case of shoulder dislocation anyway. Conclusion: Military training can increase the incidence of ankle sprains and TMJ dislocations in hypermobility persons with higher BS in comparison with healthy people. Therefore, screening of joint hypermobility may be useful in identifying individuals at increased risk for joint instabilities. PMID:25364364

  12. Gender and Diversity in Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-02-09

    society.23 In Jordan, Her Royal Highness Princess Aisha bint Al Faisal is the head of the Directorate of Military Women’s Affairs. Such role models like...23 Ibid. 24 HRH Princess Aisha bint Al Faisal sister of present HRH King Abdullah of Jordan; she is a Sandhurst graduate and got the rank of BG. 25

  13. Family stress and posttraumatic stress: the impact of military operations on military health care providers.

    PubMed

    Gibbons, Susanne W; Barnett, Scott D; Hickling, Edward J

    2012-08-01

    This study uses data from the 2005 Department of Defense Survey of Health-Related Behaviors Among Military Personnel to examine relationships between family stress and posttraumatic stress symptoms across 4 subgroups of Operation Iraqi Freedom-deployed (i.e., war in Iraq) or Operation Enduring Freedom-deployed (i.e., war in Afghanistan) active-duty military service members. Results suggest the following: (a) the greatest positive correlation of family stressors with posttraumatic stress symptoms was found within the military health care officer group, and (b) these military health care officers differed in family stressors mediating posttraumatic stress with divorce and financial problems accounting for significant and unique portions of the variance. Implications for care of service members and their families are discussed.

  14. Stability operations and the implications for military health services support.

    PubMed

    Bricknell, M C M; Hanhart, N

    2007-03-01

    This paper examines the implications of the new military campaign type--Stability Operations--on military health service support. The paper uses the format of the medical estimate process and shows how the health service support planning factors of Mission Analysis; Ground; Enemy forces; Friendly forces; Time and Space; Security; Casualty Estimate; Medical Command, Control, Communication, Computers and Information (C4I); Medical Capabilities; Medical Force Protection; Medical Logistics; and Medical CBRN are affected by this change. The paper also identifies two new roles for military medical services, assistance to security sector reform and assistance to reconstruction and development. These two new roles will be discussed more fully in later papers.

  15. Explosives Hazard Reduction (EHR) Studies Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    Analysts, Inc. (ISA) Explosives Hazard Reduction (EHR) ProgramAs of: 2 ● Identify / Quantify Explosives Hazards ● Minimize Risks ● Resolve long...Siting Recommendations ● Produce DDESB Compliant Explosives Safety Site plans EHR Goals & Objectives Explosives Hazard Reduction (EHR) ProgramAs of: 3...of Barricades ● Automated Wash Rack ● Use ISO Trailers in MSA Explosives Hazard Reduction (EHR) ProgramAs of: 6 Proposed Facilities Joint Operations

  16. FOLLOW ME! Assisting United States Government Organizations Supporting Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-26

    Briem, Christopher, Joint is dead, what is next?, Proceedings of the United States Naval Institute, January 2004, Volume 130. Bronson , Rachel...20021101faessay99997/rachel- bronson /when- soldiers-become-cops.html. Building Security, Interagency Security Committee Has Had Limited Success in Fulfilling Its...Russell, Richard L. Tug of war: the CIA’s uneasy relationship with the military, SAIS Review, Summer/Fall 20023, volume 22. 72 Shapiro, Shlomo

  17. Operational Capabilities and Legal Implications of a Military Space Plane

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Charania, A.

    2002-01-01

    The potential challenges for the United States military in this upcoming century may require new types of capabilities only achievable through the application of new technologies. One of these potential capabilities includes a Military Space Plane (MSP). An MSP is a concept to use reusable launch vehicle (RLV) technologies in a system to provide the military global access and reach in a timely fashion that could be operational within a decade. New awareness is evident from both recent federal commission reports and activities in Afghanistan of the military's possible use of such capabilities to provide asymmetric advantages. The MSP may eventually become part of a new spaceforce that coordinates the broad range of defensive and offensive space assets. In addition, a new emphasis is being placed upon NASA and the U.S. Air Force to coordinate activity on such a space plane/RLV development. The interaction of civilian and defense agencies for such a program has ramifications, not just in terms of the requirements on a final operational vehicle, but also on the legal charters of both entities. This examination presents operational scenarios for a military space plane in order to derive various legal implications.

  18. Joint Operations and the Vicksburg Campaign

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-06-04

    Inab OIlKlfon O’ r i ntdhun. ncluotcf .r ja dLtlunvJ ori t uot -’.00 g Inl ’ tOCI to Vbi n’ tflloqyrled % s .ft %. Ul).te ?or nlvrmt,ton o(p,i...93 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE S . FUNDING NUMBERS Joint Operations and the Vicksburg Campaign 6. AUTHOR( S ) MAJ John W. Tindall, USA 7. PERFORMING...ORGANIZATION NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) S . PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER U.S. Army Command and General Staff College Attn: ATZL-SWD-GD Ft. Leavenworth, KS

  19. Traditional Military Operations: A Legitimate Policy Alternative to Covert Action

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-01

    expressed in this student academic research paper are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army...fulfillment of the requirements of the Senior Service College fellowship. The views expressed in this student academic research paper are those of the...requirements of traditional military operations. For the purposes of this paper, clandestine and unacknowledged operations will be used interchangeably . The

  20. GIS applications for military operations in coastal zones

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Fleming, S.; Jordan, T.; Madden, M.; Usery, E.L.; Welch, R.

    2009-01-01

    In order to successfully support current and future US military operations in coastal zones, geospatial information must be rapidly integrated and analyzed to meet ongoing force structure evolution and new mission directives. Coastal zones in a military-operational environment are complex regions that include sea, land and air features that demand high-volume databases of extreme detail within relatively narrow geographic corridors. Static products in the form of analog maps at varying scales traditionally have been used by military commanders and their operational planners. The rapidly changing battlefield of 21st Century warfare, however, demands dynamic mapping solutions. Commercial geographic information system (GIS) software for military-specific applications is now being developed and employed with digital databases to provide customized digital maps of variable scale, content and symbolization tailored to unique demands of military units. Research conducted by the Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science at the University of Georgia demonstrated the utility of GIS-based analysis and digital map creation when developing large-scale (1:10,000) products from littoral warfare databases. The methodology employed-selection of data sources (including high resolution commercial images and Lidar), establishment of analysis/modeling parameters, conduct of vehicle mobility analysis, development of models and generation of products (such as a continuous sea-land DEM and geo-visualization of changing shorelines with tidal levels)-is discussed. Based on observations and identified needs from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, formerly the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, and the Department of Defense, prototype GIS models for military operations in sea, land and air environments were created from multiple data sets of a study area at US Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Results of these models, along with methodologies for developing large

  1. Campaign Planning/Operational Art, Primer AY 07: Joint Advanced Warfighting School (JAWS) Joint Operation Planning Process

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    Counterintelligence; Civilian Internees CIA Central Intelligence Agency CIAP Command Intelligence Architecture Plan CID Criminal Investigation...MILGP Military Group (assigned to American Embassy in host nation) MIO Maritime Intercept Operations MIW Mine Warfare MLRS

  2. Recent Military Operations on Urban Terrain

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-07-01

    conduct of operations, innovations, and outcomes are described for each case, and findings about weapons, tactics and C3 noted. Maps and phutographs are...conclusions that might be drawn from each and from the two taken together. The sources of information for this study are interviews conducted in...AAA antiaircraft artillery (same as AA gun) APC armored personnel carrier AT antitank ATGM antitank guided missile bde brigade bn battalion C command

  3. Environmental Assessment Reserve Military Operations Area

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-12-01

    MOA) in Catron County of west New Mexico for supersonic operations. The 49th Tactical Fighter Wing (TFW) at Holloman Air Force Base (AFB), New Mexico...MOA/ATCAA). The Reserve MOA is located in Catron County in west New Mexico. The Air Force also proposes to grant permanent authority for supersonic...25 111-4 Principle Vegetation Types in New Mexico .. ......... ... 28 111-5 Historical and Projected Population Growth, Catron County , New

  4. Operational Risk Management and Military Aviation Safety

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-09-01

    accidents has caused the leadership to seek to reduce its mishap rate. The Army’s Class A aviation mishap rate declined after it implemented risk management (RM...principles in 1987. This reduction caught the attention of Air Force leadership who have since stated that the application of operational risk ... management (ORM) is how the Air Force will reduce, even eliminate, mishaps. With current budget constraints, ORM is considered to be the most cost

  5. Outsourcing Small Wars: Expanding the Role of Private Military Companies in U.S. Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    lost less than twenty personel . However, the cease-fire agreement required that EO leave Sierra Leone. Ninety-five days after EO’s departure, the...military involvement. Although there were some U.S. agents among the Brigade, there were not enough of them, and the planned naval support was only limited...During the course of planning for the operation, noted Kennedy Administration historian Arthur Schlesinger Jr. noted that “somehow the idea took

  6. Civil-Military Relations: From Vietnam to Operation Iraqi Freedom

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-01

    jaded towards their services best interest.60 The next revision, The Defense Reorganization Act of 1958, initiated during the Eisenhower...crisis with the military was the Bay of Pigs fiasco.97 The operation which had been approved for planning and preparation by the Eisenhower...WWII as a statistician, teaching them the benefits statistical analysis. Also, more recently, the Bay of Pigs had shaped his strategic outlook.131

  7. Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics During Simulated Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-13-2-0043 TITLE: Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics During Simulated Military Operations PRINCIPAL...muscle physiology and lumbar spine kinematics data we have collected to date. We currently have three manuscripts in preparation for this study...Evaluation of SEAL Delivery Vehicles Unit Level Training The primary aim of this project is to describe the physiological , physical, cognitive and sleep

  8. An Augmented Reality System for Military Operations in Urban Terrain

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-12-05

    24061 ABSTRACT Many future military operations are expected to occur in urban environments. These complex, 3D battlefields intro- duce many...from ISIM, France, and an M.S. in computer science in 1999 from the University of Central Florida. His research interests are in computer graphics, 3D ...information needed and reduce it to a minimum during high-stress situations. The Shared Information Database The system contains a detailed 3D

  9. Are We Winning? A Brief History of Military Operations Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-01

    objectives in Vietnam. While this effort represented a highly innovative approach to a very difficult problem , the process proved highly unreliable as...learned from operations assessment history and apply them to the development of processes that avoid the problems of the past and anticipate future...Research in War and 2 doctrine defines OR as “the analytical study of military problems undertaken to provide responsible commanders and

  10. Fatigue in Military Operational Environments: An Annotated Bibliography

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-07-01

    Office Soldier, SFAE-SDR, 5901 Putnam Road, Bldg. 328, Ft. Belvoir, VA 22060-5422. Reproduction of all or part of this report is authorized...During the operation there was an extensive use of hypnotics (temazepam) by air crews. The workload was depending on aircraft type and mission...countermeasures. Various components of the U.S. military have authorized the use of specific compounds for this purpose. Hypnotics such as temazepam

  11. United States Special Operations Command Professional Military Education

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-01

    Force Management and Development Division; Gap Analysis; Formal Documents; Command and Staff College ; Admiral William H. McRaven; Senior Officers...ACSC Air Command and Staff College ARSOF Army Special Operations Forces CAC Combined Arms Center CGSC Command and General Staff College CJCS...Corps Command and Staff College MCU Marine Corps University MCWAR Marine Corps War College MMS Master’s of Military Science NCR National Capital

  12. Military deployment health surveillance policy and its application to Special Operations Forces.

    PubMed

    Hartman, Richard T; Wolfson, Jay; Yevich, Steven J

    2004-01-01

    An evaluation research methodology was used to determine whether deployment health surveillance for Special Operations Forces conformed with Department of Defense policy directives for the specified target population. Data for this methodology were based on pre- and postdeployment health assessments as well as patient encounters recorded during deployments. The data represented 1,094 individual and unique Special Operations Forces members deployed to 12 different countries from October 2000 through December 2001. Results from the study suggested that military deployment health surveillance policy goals for predeployment medical referrals, patient data capture, and documentation during the deployment and postdeployment medical referrals were being poorly met when Department of Defense and Joint Chiefs of Staff mandates were applied to Special Operations Forces in an unconventional operations environment. Preliminary evaluation indicates that deployment health surveillance implementation could be improved with the introduction of policy awareness education, training, and technology.

  13. Joint Interdiction

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-09

    Purpose This publication has been prepared under the direction of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. It sets forth joint doctrine to govern the...governmental and nongovernmental organizations, multinational forces, and other interorganizational partners. It provides military guidance for the...exercise of authority by combatant commanders and other joint force commanders (JFCs), and prescribes joint doctrine for operations and training. It

  14. Toxoplasmosis in military personnel involved in jungle operations.

    PubMed

    Gómez-Marín, Jorge Enrique; de-la-Torre, Alejandra; Barrios, Patricia; Cardona, Nestor; Álvarez, Catalina; Herrera, Claudia

    2012-04-01

    Tropical diseases, mainly leishmaniasis and malaria, increased among Colombian military personnel due to intensive operations in the jungle in the last ten years; as a result the Colombian army developed important preventive strategies for malaria and leishmaniasis. However, no knowledge exists about toxoplasmosis, an emergent disease in military personnel. We compared the prevalence of IgG anti-Toxoplasma antibodies by ELISA and of parasitaemia by a real time PCR assay, in 500 professional soldiers that operated in the jungle with a group of 501 soldiers working in an urban zone (Bogotá). We found that the prevalence was significantly different between both groups of soldiers (80% in soldiers operating in jungle vs. 45% in urban soldiers, adjusted OR 11.4; CI 95%: 3.8-34; p<0.0001). All soldiers operating in the jungle drink unboiled and chlorine untreated lake or river water. In urban soldiers, these risk factors along with eating wild animal meat or eating tigrillo (little spotted cat) were significantly associated with a higher prevalence. Characteristic toxoplasmic choriorretinal lesions were found in 4 soldiers that operated in the jungle (0.8%) and in one urban soldier (0.19%). All soldiers before being deployed in jungle operations should be tested for Toxoplasma antibodies and to receive adequate health information about the routine use of personnel filters to purify their water for consumption.

  15. An Operant Analysis of Joint Attention Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holth, Per

    2005-01-01

    Joint attention, a synchronizing of the attention of two or more persons, has been an increasing focus of research in cognitive developmental psychology. Research in this area has progressed mainly outside of behavior analysis, and behavior-analytic research and theory has tended to ignore the work on joint attention. It is argued here, on the one…

  16. Military Chaplains and Joint Professional Military Education: Why am I Here?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-06

    hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and...Joint Culture and Language 4 Chaplains in the Mix 7 The Equipping Mandate for the Joint Forces Chaplain 10... the way she plans and fights her wars. A half century ago, our strategy for defense fixated upon one enemy or variants of the same, preparing for

  17. Redefining Joint Fires Service Functions to Better Support Joint Force Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-01

    of tasks and systems that provide the collective and coordinated use of Army indirect fires, air and missile defense (AMD), and joint fires...effort. Operational fires can occur anywhere within the Joint Operating Area (JOA) and may be delivered via a variety of platforms, weapon systems ...freedom of maneuver for the joint force. They require defensive fires to protect the force. The JFC, using systems that allow rapid response to changes

  18. Military Exercises, Knee and Ankle Joint Position Sense, and Injury in Male Conscripts: A Pilot Study

    PubMed Central

    Mohammadi, Farshid; Azma, Kamran; Naseh, Iman; Emadifard, Reza; Etemadi, Yasaman

    2013-01-01

    Context: The high incidence of lower limb injuries associated with physical exercises in military conscripts suggests that fatigue may be a risk factor for injuries. Researchers have hypothesized that lower limb injuries may be related to altered ankle and knee joint position sense (JPS) due to fatigue. Objective: To evaluate if military exercises could alter JPS and to examine the possible relation of JPS to future lower extremity injuries in military service. Design: Cohort study. Setting: Laboratory. Patients or Other Participants: A total of 50 male conscripts (age = 21.4 ± 2.3 years, height = 174.5 ± 6.4 cm, mass = 73.1 ± 6.3 kg) from a unique military base were recruited randomly. Main Outcome Measure(s): Participants performed 8 weeks of physical activities at the beginning of a military course. In the first part of the study, we instructed participants to recognize predetermined positions before and after military exercises so we could examine the effects of military exercise on JPS. The averages of the absolute error and the variable error of 3 trials were recorded. We collected data on the frequency of lower extremity injuries over 8 weeks. Next, the participants were divided into 2 groups: injured and uninjured. Separate 2 × 2 × 2 (group-by-time-by-joint) mixed-model analyses of variance were used to determine main effects and interactions of these factors for each JPS measure. In the second part of the study, we examined whether the effects of fatigue on JPS were related to the development of injury during an 8-week training program. We calculated Hedges effect sizes for JPS changes postexercise in each group and compared change scores between groups. Results: We found group-by-time interactions for all JPS variables (F range = 2.86–4.05, P < .01). All participants showed increases in JPS errors postexercise (P < .01), but the injured group had greater changes for all the variables (P < .01). Conclusions: Military conscripts who sustained lower

  19. SERVARE VITAS- Political Consequences for Romanian National Government and Military of Hostage Deaths in a Romanian Special Operations Forces Hostage Rescue Operation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-01

    plan (U.S. Joint Pub 3.07,1998, p. VI-2). This study will focus on the requirements that present a great risk to hostages in a hostage-taking...identified by Major General Shlomo Gazit, now retired, who, as Israel’s director of military intelligence, participated in the planning of the 1976... planning of the rescue operation, including detailed approval of all contingency plans . If there are other solutions or efforts that can free the

  20. Balancing Tyche: Nonlinearity and Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    of nonlinearity. Regarding the final characterization of analytical blindness, mathematician Henri Poincare warns, that “weakness forbids us from...conduct of war, linearity is endemic to the theory and prosecution of the American way of war. Beginning with Henry Hallack’s translation of Jomini in...Greenwood Press, 1986), 312. 15 Murray, 314-315. 16 Beyerchen, 61. 17 Henry W. Hallack, Elements of Military Art and Science or, Course of Instruction

  1. Operation IVY. Joint Task Force 132, 1952

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-09-01

    reef corfiguration but information necessary for possible model studies of the atoll az an aid iJ interpretatiz• o srot-tfe -.eas-zec~ents. b. ’ Method...PAGE COUNT I FROM TO 5301W 9 141 𔄀 SUPPLEMENTARY NOTATION This report has had sensitive military Information removed in order to Brovide an...Classified material has been removed in order to make the information available on an unclassified, open publication basis, to any interested parties. The

  2. Expeditionary Operations Require Joint Force Capabilities in the Future Operating Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    point for civilian and military expeditions. Chapter Two looks at the existing joint expeditionary architecture to provide the foundation for what the...Jun., 1989): pp. 893-894, http://www.jstor.org/stable/1873989. Moskos, Charles C., John Allen Williams,and David R.Segal, eds. "The Postmodern

  3. Diver Relative UUV Navigation for Joint Human-Robot Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-01

    NAVIGATION FOR JOINT HUMAN- ROBOT OPERATIONS by Andrew T. Streenan September 2013 Thesis Advisor: Noel Du Toit Second Reader: Doug...COVERED Master’s Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE DIVER RELATIVE UUV NAVIGATION FOR JOINT HUMAN- ROBOT OPERATIONS 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S...here: a robotic diver assistant that enables close-quarters robotic operations with human divers. A robotic diver assistant has the potential to

  4. Facilitation of evidence-based nursing practice during military operations.

    PubMed

    Bridges, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    The translation of research to clinical practice and health decision making is challenging. Under military operational conditions (e.g., the provision of care in the field), translation may be even more challenging. Two barriers that limit the use of evidence to guide practice, which are particularly germane under operational conditions, are conflicting or absent research results specific to the population of interest and relevant studies not being compiled in one place (Titler, 2007; Titler & Everett, 2001). The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Knowledge Transfer Framework (Nieva et al.,2005) provides a structure to facilitate evidence translation and to overcome these barriers. This article summarizes one aspect of a program of operational nursing research supported by the TriService Nursing Research Program, which exemplifies the three stages of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality framework.

  5. Command and Control of Joint Air Operations through Mission Command

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    point by declaring that renewed emphasis on the concept of mission command is absolutely vital to executing operations effectively as “Joint Force 2020 ...General Dempsey highlights the fact that “trust is the moral sinew that binds the distributed Joint Force 2020 together” and observes that “unless...these attributes are made central to the basic character of the force, Joint Force 2020 will struggle to reach optimal performance levels.”19 Moreover

  6. An introduction to the special section on U.S. military operations: effects on military members' partners and children.

    PubMed

    Kelley, Michelle L; Jouriles, Ernest N

    2011-08-01

    The deployment of U.S. military personnel to global hot spots, whether as combatants or as peacekeepers, has increased attention to the psychological well-being of military personnel and their family members. Despite the growing awareness that deployments have reverberating effects on all family members, theoretical explanations and empirical research on the impact of deployment on couple, family, and child adjustment, factors that serve to protect families from the demands of military employment, and effective methods of treating the mental health needs of military families are needed. The seven papers in this section increase our understanding of how the demands of U.S. military operations impact couples, family functioning, parenting, and child psychological adjustment and provide an additional resource for mental health professionals who work with these families.

  7. Joint Reserve Forces: An Evolution in Military Affairs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-01-01

    leading to related initiatives within other unified commands. One - Stop Shopping The ACOM JRU is organized differently. Its stated mission is to...organizational distinc- tion between units is the addition by ACOM of a JRU chief of staff and a subordinate headquarters staff to provide one - stop shopping for...a headquarters element will pro- vide one - stop shopping for administration, train- ing, and operations for all Reservists. Under the original SOUTHCOM

  8. Gunshot Wounds in Military Working Dogs in Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom: 29 cases (2003-2009)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    severity at the time of presentation to veterinary care was not correlated with length of time until return to duty. (J Vet Emerg Crit Care 2013; 23(1...action MWD Military Working Dogs OEF Operation Enduring Freedom OIF Operation Iraqi Freedom RTD Return to duty time TACEVAC tactical evacuation TCCC...Tactical Combat Casualty Care WIA wounded in action Introduction Military Working Dogs (MWDs) have been used exten- sively in current military areas of

  9. A review of recent American military space operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Day, Dwayne A.

    1993-12-01

    The United States (US) Department of Defense (DOD) has launched a large number of satellites into Earth orbit during the past five and a half years. These range from highly classified signals intelligence and imaging satellites to more mundane scientific and experimental microsats. This period saw a dramatic overhaul in operations due to the Challenger and other launch disasters. Many of these resources were used during the war in the Persian Gulf, which highlighted some of the limitations of current systems. A significant amount of new information has emerged in recent years due to the changing political situation, leading to this general overview of American military satellite programs during this period using unclassified and declassified sources as well as informed specculation. It is primarily a review of space operations and technical developments rather than the policy and doctrine that drives them.

  10. Joint motion clusters in servomanipulator operation

    SciTech Connect

    Draper, J.V.; Sundstrom, E.; Herndon, J.N.

    1986-01-01

    The Consolidated Fuel Reprocessing Program (CFRP) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory is developing advanced teleoperator systems for maintenance of future nuclear fuel reprocessing facilities. Remote maintenance systems developed by the CFRP emphasize man-in-the-loop teleoperation. This paper reports the results of a recent experiment which investigated how users interact with a multi-degree-of-freedom servomanipulator. Principal components analysis performed on data collected during completion of typical remote maintenance tests indicates that joint motions may be summarized by two orthogonal clusters, one which represents fine-adjusting motions and one which represents slewing motions. Implications of these findings for servomanipulator design are discussed. 5 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  11. Joint Forward Operating Base Elements of Command and Control

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Summers, William C.

    2002-01-01

    Since the 1986 Goldwater-Nichols Act directed the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to develop doctrine for the joint employment of the armed forces, tactics, techniques, and procedures have evolved at different rates depending on the competency. Whereas the command of joint air forces is well prescribed within the structure of the air operations center and its associated leadership, command of air assets at a joint forward operating base lacks guidance. Today, the United States prosecutes an air war over Afghanistan from bases in Uzbekistan, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. Elements of the United States Army, Air Force, and Marines combine at these geographically minute locations, each bringing a certain complement of support and command and control. Evidence from operations during the 1999 air war for Kosovo at Tirana Rinas Airport in Albania suggests that when these service elements meet at the airfield for the first time, there are problems associated with local procedure. At best, time is wasted creating local joint systems to overcome the difficulties. At worst, safety and mission accomplishment are jeopardized. This thesis will address the need to develop doctrine and a jointly integrated organization to support the command and control function at a forward operating base.

  12. Operation Sea Lion: A Joint Critical Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-16

    formal alliance with Germany known as the Rome -Berlin Axis. The Axis would later include Japan in September 1940 (2). Overseas in the United States...Operation CATAPULT , in which the Royal Navy was to seek and destroy the French fleet. By 1800 on that same afternoon, British warships opened fire on...case of the Vichy government, Hitler should have encouraged Vichy belligerency against Britain immediately following the British Operation CATAPULT of

  13. Medical civil-military operations: the deployed medical brigade's role in counterinsurgency operations.

    PubMed

    Bryan, Jeffrey; Miyamoto, Danelle; Holman, Vincent

    2008-01-01

    Medical civil-military operations are a critical combat multiplier directly supporting the counterinsurgency fight. Army Medical Department Soldiers support medical civil affairs activities at all levels from platoon to the United States Mission-Iraq (Department of State) initiatives enhancing the legitimacy of medical services in the Iraq Ministry of Health, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of the Interior, and Ministry of Justice. The civil-military operations mission of the deployed Task Force 62 Medical Brigade has also evolved into a broad mission encompassing over 120 contractors including Iraqi-American, Bilingual Bicultural Advisors-Subject Matter Experts serving as case management liaison officers and medical trainers, as well as Iraqi Advisor Task Force members providing medical atmospherics, assessments, training, and the overall management of Iraqi linguists supporting all level III medical facilities.

  14. Joint Doctrine for Civil Affairs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Authorities ( MACA ), DODD 5525.5, DOD Cooperation with Civilian Law Enforcement Officials, and JP 3-07.7, Joint Doctrine for Civil Support. II-15 Civil Affairs...Joint Operation Planning and Execution System JP joint publication JTF joint task force LOAC law of armed conflict MACA military assistance to civil

  15. Command and Control for Joint Land Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding...Force Land Component deployment data (TPFDD). Based on the Service and functional component recommendations, the JFC develops the integrated TPFDD and...in planning air supporting and support requirements. The ACCE interface includes exchanging current intelligence and operational data , support

  16. Integrating Special Operations Forces Operational Design and Joint Doctrine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-04

    Design in his book, Going Big by Getting Small: The Application of Operational Art by Special Operations in Phase Zero. Colonel Petit categorizes his......pre-intervention activities, otherwise known as left of bang . Special operations play a significant role in the Army’s core competencies and USASOC

  17. MARO - Mass Atrocity Response Operations: A Military Planning Handbook

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-01

    innovative dimension was the creation of a standing body of retired and active duty military planners to provide pro- fessional horsepower for thinking...The strategic guidance should provide clarity with respect to ac- tions taken against the host nation’s government or its military (if they are...services, develop infrastructure, and foster economic growth. Military plans usually are phased, based on anticipated activities or condi- tions. Although

  18. Joint Operations at Vicksburg: The Decisive Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    41 Musicant, Divided Waters, p. 265. 42 Musicant, Divided Waters, p. 265. 43 Kenneth P. Williams , Grant Rises in the West: From Iuka to...59 Grant, Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant, p. 288. 60 Williams , Grant Rises in the West, p. 362. 34 Vicksburg, it is important to...commanding officer of the gunboat Ottawa, reported the following to his operational commander, Flag Officer S.F. Dupont. Sir , *** Lieutenant Cogswell, a

  19. JOMAR: Joint Operations with Mobile Autonomous Robots

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-21

    improvements in GPS- aided navigation. * A data-association algorithm with applications to target tracking and computer vision applications, named the...A characterization of Global Positioning System (GPS) noise models in the MaxMixture framework, allowing significant improvements in GPS- aided ...autonomous tractor operations,” Autonomous Robots, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 87–104, 2002. [11] J. Kim and S. Sukkarieh, “SLAM aided GPS/INS navigation in GPS

  20. Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Base Defense

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-07-23

    Armed Forces of the United States in joint operations and provides the doctrinal basis for US military involvement in multinational and interagency...operations. It provides military guidance for the exercise of authority by combatant commanders and other joint force commanders and prescribes...doctrine and selected tactics, techniques, and procedures for joint operations and training. It provides military guidance for use by the Armed Forces in

  1. Authorities for Military Operations Against Terrorist Groups: The State of the Debate and Options for Congress

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    11. As of mid-2016, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) had been responsible for multiple terrorist attacks outside Iraq and Syria. It...Qaeda in Iraq AUMF authorization for the use of military force DoD U.S. Department of Defense H.J. Res. House joint resolution ISIL Islamic State of Iraq...and the Levant, also commonly known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) S.J. Res. Senate joint resolution 1 Authorities for Military

  2. Blending the Battlefield: An Analysis of Using Private Military Companies To Support Military Operations In Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-01

    theater of military operations” ( Kidwell , 2005:29). More recently, there has been an escalation in the use of civilians to augment military troops on... Kidwell expands upon the types of services provided by including “construction, security, training, maintenance of facilities and equipment, logistical...

  3. Experimental Setup to Assess Blast and Penetration-Induced Secondary Debris in a Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-11-01

    in a Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) Environment by Paul S Duvall Approved for public release; distribution...Research Laboratory Experimental Setup to Assess Blast and Penetration-Induced Secondary Debris in a Military Operations in Urban Terrain...Induced Secondary Debris in a Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) Environment 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM

  4. Digitization and The Commander: Planning and Executing Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Louis Caldera and Eric Shinseki, “Army Vision,” Military Review, Sept- Oct 2000, pages 3-5. Available at http://www.cgsc.army.mil/MilRev. 40 O’Hanlon...Barnaby, Frank. The Automated Battlefield. New York: The Free Press, 1986. Caldera , Louis and Eric Shinseki. “Army Vision.” Military Review

  5. Operational Risk Management: Increasing Mission Effectiveness Through Improved Planning and Execution of Joint Operations.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    operation plans. This deficiency should be remedied with the adoption of Operational Risk Management (ORM), an existing process which would provide...operations plans. The paper concludes that Operational Risk Management should be formally adopted into the deliberate and crisis action joint planning

  6. Soldiers Working Internationally: Impacts of Masculinity, Military Culture, and Operational Stress on Cross-Cultural Adaptation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keats, Patrice A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the ramifications of masculinized military culture and operational stress on cross-cultural adaptation. The author examines how characteristics of military culture may obstruct effective cross-cultural adaptation by promoting a hypermasculinity that tends to oppose effective management of trauma, and thereby suppresses skills…

  7. Success in Kashmir: a positive trend in civil-military integration during humanitarian assistance operations.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Wiley C

    2010-01-01

    The modern cast of disaster relief actors includes host nations, non-governmental organisations, private volunteer organisations, military organisations and others. Each group, civilian or military, has valuable skills and experiences critical to disaster relief work. The goal of this paper is to supplement the study of civil-military relief efforts with contemporary anecdotal experience. The paper examines the interaction between US military forces and other disaster relief actors during the 2005 Kashmir earthquake relief effort. The author uses direct observations made while working in Pakistan to contrast the relationships and activities from that effort with other accounts in prevailing scholarly disaster literature and military doctrine. Finally, this paper suggests that the Kashmir model of integration, coordination and transparency of intent creates a framework in which future humanitarian assistance operations could be successfully executed. Recommendations to improve civil-military interaction in future relief efforts will also be addressed.

  8. The expanding role of military entomologists in stability and counterinsurgency operations.

    PubMed

    Robert, Leon L; Rankin, Steven E

    2011-01-01

    Military entomologists function as part of medical civil-military operations and are an essential combat multiplier direction supporting COIN operations. They not only directly support US and coalition military forces by performing their traditional wartime mission of protecting personnel from vector-borne and rodent-borne diseases but also enhance the legitimacy of medical services by the host nation government such as controlling diseases promulgated by food, water, vectors, and rodents. These unique COIN missions demand a new skill set required of military entomologists that are not learned from existing training courses and programs. New training opportunities must be afforded military entomologists to familiarize them with how to interact with and synergize the efforts of host nation assets, other governmental agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and international military partners. Teamwork with previously unfamiliar groups and organizations is an essential component of working in the COIN environment and can present unfamiliar tasks for entomologists. This training should start with initial entry training and be a continual process throughout a military entomologist's career. Current COIN operations require greater tactical and operational flexibility and diverse entomological expertise. The skills required for today's full spectrum medical operations are different from those of the past. Counterinsurgency medical operations demand greater agility, rapid task-switching, and the ability to adequately address unfamiliar situations and challenges.

  9. The Joint Logistics Enterprise Enables Operation United Assistance

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-02-24

    support Operation United Assistance. (Photo by Maj. Dale Greer) July–August 2015 Army Sustainment32 As part of Operation Unit-ed Assistance (OUA), the...U.S. Africa Command (AF- RICOM) and U.S. Army Africa (USARAF) provided logistics, train- ing, and engineering support for the U.S. Agency for...worldwide in support of U.S. government policy. The joint logistics enterprise ( JLEnt) gave USARAF the muscle it needed to set the theater and accomplish

  10. Joint Operations 2030 - Final Report (Operations interarmees 2030 - Rapport final)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-01

    and to evolve in both the natural and social worlds. Teaching a rigid doctrine of leadership and operations rather than a more flexible version may...Stereochemistry • Thermochemistry • Thermodynamics Physics • Acoustics • Agrophysics • Atomic, molecular, and optical physics • Biophysics

  11. Afloat Forward Operating Bases for Joint Special Operations Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    BOS (to include dining facility, medical/ dental , living areas, showers, latrines, etc). Thus, using an Afloat Forward Operating Base for a JSOTF 5 can...including triage reception sites, Intensive Care/Critical Care surgery suites, X-ray/Computed Radiography 12 capabilities, and burn treatment rooms. The

  12. Joint Command and Control of Cyber Operations: The Joint Force Cyber Component Command (JFCCC)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-04

    relies so heavily on complex command and control systems and interconnectivity in general, cyber warfare has become a serious topic of interest at the...defensive cyber warfare into current and future operations and plans. In particular, Joint Task Force (JTF) Commanders must develop an optimum method to

  13. Non-operative management of osteoarthritis of the knee joint.

    PubMed

    Vaishya, Raju; Pariyo, Godfrey B; Agarwal, Amit Kumar; Vijay, Vipul

    2016-01-01

    Osteoarthritis is a chronic disorder of synovial joints in which there is progressive softening and disintegration of articular cartilage accompanied by the growth of osteophytes. Treatment designed for osteoarthritis should aim at reducing pain, improve joint mobility, and limit functional impairment. It can be achieved by pharmacological and non-pharmacological means. Non-operative treatment of OA is useful for patients with KL grade 1-3, which are early stages of OA. However, in an advanced stage of OA (KL grade 4), surgical treatment is needed as definitive treatment.

  14. Emissions from Open Burning of Simulated Military Waste from Forward Operating Bases

    EPA Science Inventory

    Emissions from open burning of simulated military waste from forward operating bases (FOBs) were extensively characterized as an initial step in assessing potential inhalation exposure of FOB personnel and future disposal alternatives. Emissions from two different burning scenar...

  15. Outsourcing, Managing, Supervising, and Regulating Private Military Companies in Contingency Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-09-01

    2. 2 Ibid. 3 Ibid. 4 Todd S. Milliard, “Overcoming Post Colonial Myopia : A Call to Recognize and Regulate Private Military Companies,” Master’s...instance, PMCs can be quickly mobilized and demobilized, and they may free up military personnel to focus on offensive combat operations.62 However...organizations seek to operate in a predictable environment, where uncertainty is low. Uncertainty brings about institutional myopia and

  16. Operation Slipper: The Australian Defence Force and Private Military Contractors in Afghanistan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-21

    specified area of operations is increasing exponentially . Although the rise in the reliance of private military contractors is not a new phenomenon, the...a specified area of operations is increasing exponentially . Although the rise in the reliance of private military contractors is not a new...analyze the causes of the growth of PMCs during the late 20th century and early 21st century US experience by relying on the demand for and supply of

  17. Evaluation of Extended-Wear Hearing Aid Technology for Operational Military Use

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-07-01

    1 AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-14-1-0254 TITLE: Evaluation of Extended-wear Hearing Aid Technology for Operational Military Use PRINCIPAL...DATES COVERED 01 July 2015 – 30 June 2016 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Evaluation of Extended-wear Hearing Aid Technology for Operational Military Use 5a...research effort is to determine the potential viability of the Lyric device both as a deployable hearing aid for Service Members with existing hearing

  18. Emotional ambivalence and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in soldiers during military operations

    PubMed Central

    Jerg-Bretzke, Lucia; Walter, Steffen; Limbrecht-Ecklundt, Kerstin; Traue, Harald C.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This pilot study examined the extent to which a specific mechanism of emotion regulation – namely, ambivalence concerning the expressiveness of German soldiers’ emotions – affects the severity of PTSD symptoms after a military operation. Methodology: A survey was conducted at three points in time among 66 soldiers deployed on military crisis operations. The Harvard Trauma Questionaire (HTQ), the Ambivalence over Emotional Expressiveness Questionnaire (AEQ-G18), and a questionnaire on the particular stress of German soldiers during military operations were used. Results: The study showed a significant correlation between emotional ambivalence and traumatization. Furthermore, it was shown that the subjective stress of soldiers leading up to deployment is more pronounced when emotional ambivalence is stronger in the context of military operations. This particular stress is greater before and during the military operation than after. Compared to a male control sample, the average AEQ-G18 scores of the soldier sample examined here are considerably lower. Conclusion: This pilot study clearly indicates that the AEQ-G18 could be a suitable predictor of the psychological burden on soldiers. The correlations between emotional ambivalence on the one hand and the particular and post-traumatic stressors on the other hand are not only statistically significant in the present pilot study, but may also be relevant as risk factors. It is, therefore, necessary to conduct more extensive studies on soldiers participating in military operations to verify the results of this pilot study. PMID:23798980

  19. Operation United Assistance: infectious disease threats to deployed military personnel.

    PubMed

    Murray, Clinton K; Yun, Heather C; Markelz, Ana Elizabeth; Okulicz, Jason F; Vento, Todd J; Burgess, Timothy H; Cardile, Anthony P; Miller, R Scott

    2015-06-01

    As part of the international response to control the recent Ebola outbreak in West Africa, the Department of Defense has deployed military personnel to train Liberians to manage the disease and build treatment units and a hospital for health care volunteers. These steps have assisted in providing a robust medical system and augment Ebola diagnostic capability within the affected nations. In order to prepare for the deployment of U.S. military personnel, the infectious disease risks of the regions must be determined. This evaluation allows for the establishment of appropriate force health protection posture for personnel while deployed, as well as management plans for illnesses presenting after redeployment. Our objective was to detail the epidemiology and infectious disease risks for military personnel in West Africa, particularly for Liberia, along with lessons learned from prior deployments.

  20. The supply of pharmaceuticals in humanitarian assistance missions: implications for military operations.

    PubMed

    Mahmood, Maysaa; Riley, Kevin; Bennett, David; Anderson, Warner

    2011-08-01

    In this article, we provide an overview of key international guidelines governing the supply of pharmaceuticals during disasters and complex emergencies. We review the World Health Organization's guidelines on pharmaceutical supply chain management and highlight their relevance for military humanitarian assistance missions. Given the important role of pharmaceuticals in addressing population health needs during humanitarian emergencies, a good understanding of how pharmaceuticals are supplied at the local level in different countries can help military health personnel identify the most appropriate supply options. Familiarity with international guidelines involved in cross-border movement of pharmaceuticals can improve the ability of military personnel to communicate more effectively with other actors involved in humanitarian and development spheres. Enhancing the knowledge base available to military personnel in terms of existing supply models and funding procedures can improve the effectiveness of humanitarian military operations and invite policy changes necessary to establish more flexible acquisition and funding regulations.

  1. The supply of pharmaceuticals in humanitarian assistance missions: implications for military operations.

    PubMed

    Mahmood, Maysaa; Riley, Kevin; Bennett, David; Anderson, Warner

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we provide an overview of key international guidelines governing the supply of pharmaceuticals during disasters and complex emergencies. We review the World Health Organization?s guidelines on pharmaceutical supply chain management and highlight their relevance for military humanitarian assistance missions. Given the important role of pharmaceuticals in addressing population health needs during humanitarian emergencies, a good understanding of how pharmaceuticals are supplied at the local level in different countries can help military health personnel identify the most appropriate supply options. Familiarity with international guidelines involved in cross-border movement of pharmaceuticals can improve the ability of military personnel to communicate more effectively with other actors involved in humanitarian and development spheres. Enhancing the knowledge base available to military personnel in terms of existing supply models and funding procedures can improve the effectiveness of humanitarian military operations and invite policy changes necessary to establish more flexible acquisition and funding regulations.

  2. Integration of Special Operations Forces into the Joint Targeting Process

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-01-01

    INTEGRATION OF SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES INTO THE JOINT TARGETING PROCESS A thesis presented to the Faculty of the U. S . Army Command and General...B. S ., Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 1991 Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 2003 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited...CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR( S ) Hester, Johnny, L 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7

  3. Task Force Gator: Best Practices in Civil-Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-08-17

    speaking, most CMOCs will employ a Civil-Military Officer (CMO), Project Purchasing Officer ( PPO ), Pay Agent (PA), Public Affairs Officer (PAO), Civil...companies, where each commander had a qualified PPO and PA at his disposal. This structure was also maintained during the battalion‟s micro grant surge

  4. Military Operations Research. Summer 1994. Volume 1, Number 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-01-01

    LP2) are well- lem of allocating random search effort to a collec- represented amongst contemporary military plan- tion of cells ( Chames and Cooper...appear). Postgraduate School. Chames , A. and Cooper, W. 1958, "The Theory of Search: Optimum Distribution of Search Effort," Management Science, 5, pp. 44

  5. American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-14

    907) 428-6007, craig.campbell2@us.army.mil American Samoa Attorney General Sialega Malaetasi Togafau, America Samoa Government, P.O. Box 7, Pago ... Pago , AS 96799, (684) 633-4163 Arizona Major General David P. Rataczak, Emergency and Military Affairs Department, 5636 East McDowell Road, Phoenix

  6. Dengue and US military operations from the Spanish-American War through today.

    PubMed

    Gibbons, Robert V; Streitz, Matthew; Babina, Tatyana; Fried, Jessica R

    2012-04-01

    Dengue is a major cause of illness among travelers and a threat to military troops operating in areas to which it is endemic. Before and during World War II, dengue frequently occurred in US military personnel in Asia and the South Pacific. From the 1960s into the 1990s, dengue often occurred in US troops in Vietnam, the Philippines, Somalia, and Haiti. We found attack rates as high as 80% and periods of convalescence up to 3-1/2 weeks beyond the acute illness. The increase in dengue throughout the world suggests that it will remain a problem for military personnel until an effective vaccine is licensed.

  7. Assessing Operation Purple: A Program Evaluation of a Summer Camp for Military Youth

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    objectives: (1) to assess whether Operation Purple is associated with self-reported improvements in the four main camp outcome areas (commu- nication...programs (e.g., Student 2 Student, Living in the New Normal) Introduction 5 targeted at improving academic outcomes for military children. Military...found that camps for siblings of cancer patients were useful in offering an opportunity for the sibling campers to receive and provide social support by

  8. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    commander B-61 Joint Pub 1 -02 Appendix B MNF Multinational Force MNFC multinational force commander MNP master navigation plan MNS mission needs statements...component logistics staff officer N- 5 Navy component plans staff officer B-64 Joint Pub 1 -02 Appendix B N-6 Navy component communications staff officer NAAG...Terminology Points of Contact a. Joint Military Terminology Group (JMTG) ( 1 ) Office, Joint Military Terminology Group Operational Plans and Interoperability

  9. Military Bankers: Fact or Fiction? The Role of the Military in Reestablishing a Banking System during a Military Stability Operation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-10

    Framework,‖ New Partnership for Africa’s Development, June 2005, http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/ lib.nsf/db900sid/ PANA -794D7A/$file/nepad-jun2005.pdf...out that because the military used US Dollars on a large scale , the Afghan population was reluctant to trade in Afghan currency. Spending by the...NEPAD Secretariat. ―African Post-Conflict Reconstruction Policy Framework.‖ June 2005. http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/lib.nsf/db900sid/ PANA -794D7A/$file

  10. Measures of Effective Military Public Health Interventions in Stability Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-10

    GetTRDoc. pdf&AD =ADA485508 (accessed 15 May 2011). Clunan, Anne L. ed. ―Civil-Military Medicine: On Dangerous Ground.‖ Monterey, CA: Center for...pubs/govt/ AMEDD_Futures_2039_Project_072909.pdf (accessed 14 May 2011). Jones, Seth G., Lee H. Hilborne, C. Ross Anthony, Lois M. Davis, Federico...Girosi, Cheryl Benard, Rachel M. Swanger, Anita Datar Garten, and Anga Timilsina. 92 Health System Reconstruction and Nation-Building. RAND

  11. Operating in the Gray Zone: An Alternative Paradigm for U.S. Military Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-01

    ADVANCING STRATEGIC THOUGHT SERIES OPERATING IN THE GRAY ZONE: AN ALTERNATIVE PARADIGM FOR U.S. MILITARY STRATEGY Antulio J. Echevarria II...College educates and develops leaders for service at the strategic level while advancing knowledge in the global application of Landpower. The...future leaders in the analysis, evaluation, and refinement of professional expertise in war, strategy , operations, national security, resource

  12. Joint Service Operational Requirement for the Protective Mask

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-20

    8217) Cmdt, Marine CO1-DS (RD)(OTOS)(LMC-3) CSAF CRDQLM) CINC USAREUR & Seventh Am~y (AEAGC-NC) USAREDCOM (j5E) Cdr USA CA CD Acty (ATCA-CS) USA Log Cen...Agency National Security Agency (D-9𔃻) USAMP&CS/TC&FM (ATZN- CA ) (ATZN-CM-CDM) USA Foreign Science & Tech Cen (DRXST-PO) USA Log Eval Agcy * Naval Sea...pertinalReqireentfortheProec iveMsLW~. USA nf Sh ( TSH -D) 101C1 1970 JOINT OPERATIONAL REQtIREKENT FOR PROTECTIVE MASK 1. Description of Need: a.This

  13. Contractors on Deployed Military Operations: United Kingdom Policy and Doctrine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    defense outsourcing statistics indicates that the MoD most closely matches DoD trends. As Figure 1 shows, the number of UK MoD “ public private partnerships ” (PPP...International Statistics on Public Private Partnerships (PPP) in Defense. with the premise that “there are no military core competencies, and that all...and scope of MoD’s “ public private partnerships ” program. The second analyses the premises underpinning the “government orthodoxy” and the

  14. Space Situational Awareness in the Joint Space Operations Center

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wasson, M.

    2011-09-01

    Flight safety of orbiting resident space objects is critical to our national interest and defense. United States Strategic Command has assigned the responsibility for Space Situational Awareness (SSA) to its Joint Functional Component Command - Space (JFCC SPACE) at Vandenberg Air Force Base. This paper will describe current SSA imperatives, new developments in SSA tools and developments in Defensive Operations. Current SSA processes are being examined to capture, and possibly improve, tasking of SSN sensors and "new" space-based sensors, "common" conjunction assessment methodology, and SSA sharing due to the growth seen over the last two years. The stand-up of a Defensive Ops Branch will highlight the need for advanced analysis and collaboration across space, weather, intelligence, and cyber specialties. New developments in SSA tools will be a description of computing hardware/software upgrades planned as well as the use of User-Defined Operating Pictures and visualization applications.

  15. The Military Leaders Survey: NATO Military Leaders’ Perspectives on Psychological Support on Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-01

    France. E-mail: phil.arvers@free.fr Capt Psy José Puente Inspección General de Sanidad-Unidad de Psicologia [Joint Medical Office-Unit of...health professionals ( social workers, psychiatric nurses, psychologists), chaplains, and medical professionals. Many nations also mentioned relying on...homecoming procedure.” Along the same lines, another respondent noted it would be good “…to have psychologists present at a social event 3 months after

  16. Interagency Coordination in Military Operations Other Than War Implications for the U.S. Army,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-01-01

    Children’s Emergency Fund UNITAF United Task Force XV11 UNMIH USACOM USAID USCENTCOM USIA USLO UN Mission in Haiti U.S. Atlantic Command U.S...ORH) in Somalia, Operation Support Hope (OSH) in Rwanda, and Operation Uphold Democracy (OUD) in Haiti . U.S. military efforts in each operation...additional responsibilities. In Haiti , for example, the Justice Department initially agreed to assume responsibility for helping to rebuild that country’s

  17. Program for Research on Dietary Supplements in Military Operations and Healthcare Metabolically Optimized Brain - JWF

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-01

    ABSTRACT “The Program for Research on Dietary Supplements in Military Operations and Healthcare: The Metabolically Optimized Brain ( MOB ) Study targets a...Operations and Healthcare: The Metabolically Optimized Brain ( MOB ) Study targets a more specific aspect of dietary nutrition, feeding policy and...psychological consequences of brain injury from high intensity training, and combat operations exposures. The MOB Study has 3 specific aims: 1. Convene a

  18. Joint Lead-Free Solder Test Program for High Reliability Military and Space Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brown, Christina

    2004-01-01

    Current and future space and defense systems face potential risks from the continued use of tin-lead solder, including: compliance with current environmental regulations, concerns about potential environmental legislation banning lead-containing products, reduced mission readiness, and component obsolescence with lead surface finishes. For example, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) has lowered the Toxic Chemical Release reporting threshold for lead to 100 pounds. Overseas, the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) and the Restriction on Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Dicctives in Europe and similar mandates in Japan have instilled concern that a legislative body will prohibit the use of lead in aerospace/military electronics soldering. Any potential banning of lead compounds could reduce the supplier base and adversely affect the readiness of missions led by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). Before considering lead-free electronics for system upgrades or future designs, however, it is important for the DoD and NASA to know whether lead-free solders can meet their systems' requirements. No single lead-free solder is likely to qualify for all defense and space applications. Therefore, it is important to validate alternative solders for discrete applications. As a result of the need for comprehensive test data on the reliability of lead-free solders, a partnership was formed between the DoD, NASA, and several original equipment manufactures (OEMs) to conduct solder-joint reliability (laboratory) testing of three lead-free solder alloys on newly manufactured and reworked circuit cards to generate performance data for high-reliability (IPC Class 3) applications.

  19. Environmental Impact Analysis Process. Environmental Impact Statement. Supersonic Flight Operations in the Reserve Military Operations Area, Holloman AFB, New Mexico

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-09-01

    mexicanus Muskrat Ondatra zibethica OLD WORLD RATS AND MICE MURIDAE Black Rat Rattus rattus House Mouse Mus musculus PORCUPINE ERETHIZONIDAE 5 Porcupine...carpet was a band about 16 feet wide parallel to the curved flight track. At the point where the overpressure is twice the nominal carpet, the width...iEFER TO: AS3 mU BJECT: Environmental Impact Statement - Supersonic Flight Operations in the Reserve Military Operations Area, Holloman AFB, New Mexico

  20. Optimizing Unity of Effort During Humanitarian Assistance Operations: Civil-Military Operations Centers "Inside and Outside the Wire"

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    mission and avoids working at cross-purposes to achieve unity of effort.൭ In Operation RESTORE HOPE: Summary Report. D. J. Zvijac and K. W. McGrady...Draft (Joint Pub 5-00.2) (Washington D.C: March 19, 1996), IX-37. 35 Seiple, 173. 36 Davis, 54. 37 JP 3-08,111-24. 19 38 David J. Zvijac and...Policy." February 7, 1994. Joint Warfighting Center Peace Operations CD-ROM. Ft. Monroe, VA: Joint Warfighting Center, June 1997. Zvijac , David J

  1. An Examination of Overt Offensive Military Operations Outside of Combat Zones

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-12-01

    The Hunt for Pancho Villa ................................................................21 4. Modern Offensive Operations...Richard H. Schultz, Jr., calls the "Somalia syndrome .൲ E. SUMMARY Concerns and misconceptions about the moral and legal use of military forces, use...42 The "Somalia Syndrome " is where the administration, fearing an embarrassment like the battle of Mogadishu, is wary of preemptive special

  2. Operative Findings and Demographic Characteristics of Chronic Pelvic Pain Patients in a Military Population

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-01

    military population, and to compare those findings to an asymptomatic control group during the same time period that underwent laparoscopic tubal... laparoscopic tubal ligation. The M2 data repository of standard inpatient data records was reviewed for all encounters associated with Diagnostic and...Operative Laparoscopy and Laparoscopic Tubal Ligation. Four hundred and fourteen subjects met inclusion criteria and there were 237 control subjects

  3. The Evolution of Joint Operations during the Civil War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-12

    book The Dynamics of Military Revolution 1300-2050.21 The value of Knox and Murray is in the criteria they use to analyze an RMA. The book is a key...The Dynamics of Military Revolution: 1300-2050 (New York, NY: Cabridge University Press, 2001), 11-14; Parker. History of Warfare, 223-25; Reed...211. 25 Mark Grimsley. "Surviving Miltary Revolution: The U.S. Civil War." MacGregor Knox & Williamson Murray. The Dynamics of Military Revolution

  4. Search comparison in the infrared spectra for military operations in the urban terrain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Devitt, Nicole M.; Flug, Eric; Moyer, Steve K.; Miller, Brian; Wilson, David L.

    2004-08-01

    This research compares target detection in the longwave and midwave spectral bands in urban environments. The Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate (NVESD) imaged one hundred scenes at several Army Military Operations in the Urban Terrain (MOUT) sites during day and night. Images were resized to make the field-of-view (FOV) for each scene approximately the same. These images were then presented in a time-limited search perception experiment using military observers. Probabilities of detection were compared between the two spectral bands. Results from MOUT search were compared with previous modeling efforts.

  5. Assessing the service quality of Iran military hospitals: Joint Commission International standards and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) technique

    PubMed Central

    Bahadori, Mohammadkarim; Ravangard, Ramin; Yaghoubi, Maryam; Alimohammadzadeh, Khalil

    2014-01-01

    Background: Military hospitals are responsible for preserving, restoring and improving the health of not only armed forces, but also other people. According to the military organizations strategy, which is being a leader and pioneer in all areas, providing quality health services is one of the main goals of the military health care organizations. This study was aimed to evaluate the service quality of selected military hospitals in Iran based on the Joint Commission International (JCI) standards and comparing these hospitals with each other and ranking them using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) technique in 2013. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional and descriptive study conducted on five military hospitals, selected using the purposive sampling method, in 2013. Required data collected using checklists of accreditation standards and nominal group technique. AHP technique was used for prioritizing. Furthermore, Expert Choice 11.0 was used to analyze the collected data. Results: Among JCI standards, the standards of access to care and continuity of care (weight = 0.122), quality improvement and patient safety (weight = 0.121) and leadership and management (weight = 0.117) had the greatest importance, respectively. Furthermore, in the overall ranking, BGT (weight = 0.369), IHM (0.238), SAU (0.202), IHK (weight = 0.125) and SAB (weight = 0.066) ranked first to fifth, respectively. Conclusion: AHP is an appropriate technique for measuring the overall performance of hospitals and their quality of services. It is a holistic approach that takes all hospital processes into consideration. The results of the present study can be used to improve hospitals performance through identifying areas, which are in need of focus for quality improvement and selecting strategies to improve service quality. PMID:25250364

  6. Military Police Brigade, Operational Art, and the Army Operating Concept 2016-2028

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-19

    Security, “800th Military Police Brigade ( EPW ) (USAR).” 35 U.S. Army Forces, Far East Command, General Headquarters, The Provost Marshal’s History...Personnel Recovered from the Enemy. Summary of EPW in ETO 1945, Washington, D.C.: War Department, 1945. Headquarters, 7th United States Army...Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, 2008. Global Security. 800th Military Police Brigade ( EPW ) (USAR). April 12, 2007. http

  7. Requirements for a Joint Terminal Attack Controller Primary Military Occupational Specialty in the Post-OEF Marine Corps

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-01

    8217 REPORT TYPE Master of Military Studies Research Paper September 201 0 - April 2011 !4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE REQUIREMENTS FOR A JOINT TERMINAL ATTACK...numbers as they appear in the report, e.g. 001; . AFAPL304801 0 ~. 6. AUTHOR(S). Enter name(s) of person(s) responsible for writing the report...Party (TACP) school.· The Marine TACP school is a four week course attended primarily by mid-grade 0 -3 aviators, E-5 or E-6 and some 2 0 -3 artillery

  8. Combat Readiness for the Modern Military Surgeon: Data from a Decade of Combat Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    Pusateri AE, Holcomb JB. A special report on the chitosan -based hemostatic dressing : experience in current combat operations. J Trauma. 2006;60:655...scientific advances have occurred, such as advancement in tourniquet use, he- mostatic dressings , renal replacement therapy, and endovas- cular...prepare capable military surgeons, predeployment training must involve an analysis of wounds and patterns seen in current operations and must be revised to

  9. American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-02

    include the Iranian Hostage Rescue Mission; Lebanon Peacekeeping; Urgent Fury in Grenada ; Just Cause in Panama; Desert Shield and Desert Storm; Restore...1982 - February 26, 1984 Hostileb 3 19 0 234 256 Nonhostile 5 2 0 2 9 Total 8 21 0 236 265 Urgent Fury, Grenada 1983 Hostile 11 4 0 3 18...Mayaguez Incident 8d 0 0 0 Grenada : Operation Urgent Fury 162 0 0 0 Panama: Operation Just Cause 9 e 0 0 0 Operation Desert Shield/Storm 400 0

  10. Military Intelligence Fusion for Complex Operations: A New Paradigm

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    analytic lexi- con, at least for COIN analysis.55 Instead of dividing analysis between “meat eaters” and “leaf eaters,” all analysts would be omnivores ... Omnivorous analysts would not only consume information from a holistic perspective, but they would also describe the environment holisti- 54 Here, it is...broadly to full-spectrum operations. 56 I draw this language (meat eater, leaf eater, and omnivore ) from Regional Command West Stability Operations

  11. Combat Urologic Trauma in US Military Overseas Contingency Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    operating room with 31 patients having nephrectomies . There were 189 bladder injuries with 26 patients (14%) having concomitant pelvic fractures. Conclusions...OR and 31 (15%) patients underwent nephrectomies . Seven patients had a partial nephrectomy /repair of renal laceration, and six were drained or... nephrectomies were 15% and 3% of kidney injuries, respectively, in contrast to 39% and 14% during the Vietnam War.11 This reduction in operative

  12. Army Special Operations Forces Professional Military Education for the Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    Battalion SR Special Reconnaissance TSOC Theater Special Operations Command TTP Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures USASOC United States Army... SR ) • Unconventional Warfare (UW) • Foreign Internal Defense (FID) • Civil Affairs Operations (CA) • Counterterrorism (CT) • Psychological...SF, created us specifically to conduct SR , UW, and FID missions. A look at our history helps make my point and adds some academic rigor to my

  13. Improving Information Operations with a Military Cultural Analyst

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    marketing – marketing is a holistic process that coordinates the functions of multiple activities, commonly referred to as the marketing mix .39 In reality...information operations. In fact, analysis of the elements of the marketing process – the target market and the marketing mix – provides the IO planner with...two distinct tools by which to improve the planning and execution of information operations. First, the study of the marketing mix , the four

  14. A Joint Forces Group: A Permanent Joint Echelon for the Operational Level of War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-05-21

    Government Printing Office, 1996), 539; A paper by Dr. William Gregor describes in some detail the development of the theater strategic level as well as...the current US command structure. William J. Gregor , Toward a Revolution in Civil-Military Affairs Understanding the United States Military in the...Jay Luvass, trans. G. H. Mendell and W.P. Craighill (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., 1862; reprint Wesport, CT: Greenwood Press, Publishers

  15. Joint Military Education: Actions Needed to Implement DOD Recommendations for Enhancing Leadership Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-10-01

    outcomes; (2) joint education continuums; (3) lifelong learning and advancements in learning technologies; and (4) faculty quality. See appendix III... educational outcomes; (2) joint education continuums; (3) lifelong learning and advancements in learning technologies; and (4) faculty quality. Several...opportunities to implement elements of lifelong learning in support of joint education . The study should examine: Current service efforts toward

  16. Monitoring Physical and Cognitive Performance During Sustained Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-01

    performances humaines dans les operations militaires de l’OTAN (Science, Technologie et Ethique)). RTO Human Factors and Medicine Panel (HFM) Symposium...Three levels of difficulty (Zero-back, One-back, Two-back) were included. The participants were presented with a series of capital letters on their

  17. Operational Encirclements: Can the United States Military Decisively Follow Through?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-21

    Office, 1991. Heller, Charles E. and Stofft, William A. America’s First Battles, 1776-1965. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1986. Hooker ...is the secret of successful war.”12 Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson ...operation was planned and designed by General William Westmoreland as a spoiling attack against three NVA regiments in order to prevent a planned

  18. Thirteenth Century Mongol Warfare: Classical Military Strategy of Operational Art?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-05-05

    two arguments. The first purports that operational art emerged with the industrial revolution. Union General Ulysses S. Grant’s 1864-65 campaign during...wage war. T= CZUAL EUROPEA CAMPAIGN (1241, Genghis Khan died in 1227, but his successors carried on his method of warfare with extraordinary skill

  19. Military Operations Other Than War: One Soldier’s Story

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    democracy. On March 12, 1990, due to civil unrest, Avril resigned in favor of Supreme Court Justice Ertha Pascal Trouillot, who became Provisional...Fundamentals of Operational Warfighting, DJMO Selected Readings Book vol. I. Fort Leavenworth. Kansas, 1998. Cornell - D’Echert, Blaise Jr. "We Need

  20. Roles of the Military Dietitian in Combat Operations and Humanitarian Assistance-Professional Development and Utilization.

    PubMed

    Story, Kerryn L; Bukhari, Asma S; Bovill, Maria

    2016-10-01

    Military dietitians have long been valued members of the health care team, called on for their expertise as early as World War I. However, in the more recent conflicts over the past two decades, their role in health care delivery as a component of medical stability operations has been largely undefined. The purpose of this study was to explore the types of missions supported by U.S. military dietitians and characterize any unique competencies critical to their success during these missions using an online questionnaire. Sixty-five military dietitians responded to an online questionnaire and 49 (75%) shared their deployment experiences, lessons learned, and recommendations for future training based on 57 deployments from 1975 to 2014. Results indicated that during these deployments nutrition- and dietetics-related competencies were capitalized along with staff positions in support of combat and humanitarian operations. The majority (n = 24; 51%) valued mentorship as a useful resource before deployments followed by field experience (45%) and Web-based training (43%). The authors propose standardized formal training for military dietitians aimed at increasing strategic level awareness of partnerships and collaborations between U.S. Government and interagency organizations; these associations are vital for sustained synchronization of global health efforts.

  1. The Benefits of Deploying Health Physics Specialists to Joint Operation Areas.

    PubMed

    Mower, Scott; Bast, Joshua D; Myers, Margaret

    2015-01-01

    Preventive Medicine Specialists (military occupational specialty [MOS] 68S) with the health physics specialist (N4) qualification identifier possess a unique force health protection skill set. In garrison, they ensure radiation exposures to patients, occupational workers and the public from hospital activities such as radioisotope therapy and x-ray machines do not to exceed Federal law limits and kept as low as reasonably achievable. Maintaining sufficient numbers of health physics specialists (HPSs) to fill authorizations has been a consistent struggle for the Army Medical Department due to the rigorous academic requirements of the additional skill identifier-producing program. This shortage has limited MOS 68SN4 deployment opportunities in the past and prevented medical planners from recognizing the capabilities these Soldiers can bring to the fight. In 2014, for the first time, HPSs were sourced to deploy as an augmentation capability to the 172nd Preventive Medicine Detachment (PM Det), the sole PM Det supporting the Combined Joint Operations Area-Afghanistan. Considerable successes in bettering radiation safety practices and improvements in incident and accident response were achieved as a result of their deployment. The purposes of this article are to describe the mission services performed by HPSs in Afghanistan, discuss the benefits of deploying HPSs with PM Dets, and demonstrate to senior medical leadership the importance of maintaining a health physics capability in a theater environment.

  2. Toward the Effective Use of Military Veterinarians in Stability Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    civilian agencies. • Develop and conduct monitoring and evaluation to identify and act upon “lessons learned.” x Toward the Effective Use of...the veterinary community). – Formal training related to interagency coordination prior to deployment. 6. Lack of (required) monitoring and evaluation , to...inform future stability operations: • DoDD 3000.05 requires monitoring and evaluation of projects to estimate progress toward a goal

  3. Measuring and Predicting Sleep and Performance During Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-23

    reaction speed, reaction accuracy, and physical capacity. The natural endpoint of this spectrum is involuntary sleep. Figure 3-1 shows a...addition, the firefight took place during the early morning hours, when the crew members’ complex mental operations were naturally waning because of their...Hours) Measured by Actigraphy 0 2 4 6 Benning Desert Mountain Swamp Fig. 3-5. Average daily sleep amounts obtained from soldiers during 58 days of

  4. Military Operations Research. Winter 1996. Volume 1, Number 4

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-01-01

    is vital information for the senior leader- ship that is assessing the courses of action. Present AMC airlift capability models (ADANS automated ... automated scheduler is used by the deliberate planners to produce a set of missions for a plan of operations. The information that is needed to run the... automated scheduler is quite extensive. The cargo and passenger requirements that are to be moved are input electronically; a large plan may contain

  5. Use of eternal flight unmanned aircraft in military operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kök, Zafer

    2014-06-01

    Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), are planned to use solar energy, are being more common and interesting gradually. Today, these systems are very promising while fossil fuels are diminishing rapidly. Academic research is still being conducted to develop unmanned aerial systems which will store energy during day time and use it during night time. Development of unmanned aerial systems, which have eternal flight or very long loiter periods, could be possible by such an energy management. A UAV, which can fly very long time, could provide many advantages that cannot be obtained by conventional aircrafts and satellites. Such systems can be operated as fixed satellites on missions with very low cost in circumstances that require continuous intelligence. By improving automation systems these vehicles could be settled on operation area autonomously and can be grounded easily in case of necessities and maintenance. In this article, the effect of solar powered UAV on operation area has been done a literature review, to be used in surveillance and reconnaissance missions.

  6. Military Operations in Built-Up Areas (MOBA).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-01-01

    sides. Results of the field 4 exercises Could then be used to update URBIWAR and URB3WAR stud , results used 1o organize and equip of!ensive and defensive...and offensive maneuvers by squads and (3) the mobility of the, soldier wearing night vision goggles for such tasks as room clearing, resupply, vehicle...axial silicon receiver operating at 0.9 u with the rhdiation split by a dichroic. The target will wear a group of solar cell buttons, filtered to 0.8 v

  7. [Military psychiatry in a theatre of operations: on mission in Mali].

    PubMed

    Colas, Marie-Dominique

    2015-01-01

    The recent missions of military psychiatrists in the theatres of operation underline the reactivity of the French healthcare system, focused on the expertise of the combat unit doctor. Operation Serval in Mali illustrates in particular the methods of medical-psychological support in exceptional situations, across a vast geographical area and in very difficult climatic conditions. The concept of "forward psychiatry" has a particularly important role to play in the early screening and treatment of psychological disorders in order to preserve the operational capacity of the deployed personnel.

  8. 76 FR 41307 - NASA Advisory Council; Space Operations Committee and Exploration Committee; Joint Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-13

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION NASA Advisory Council; Space Operations Committee and Exploration Committee; Joint.... ] International Space Station Mars Analog Status Update. Commercial Orbital Transportation Services/Cargo Resupply... they are attending the NASA Advisory Council Space Operations Committee and Exploration Committee...

  9. Energy Investments for Military Operations: For Fiscal Year 2013

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-01

    Energy Performance and  Efficiency in Operations and Training include:  generators and  microgrids  improvements;  combat vehicle improvements; an improved...Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013    15     U. S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Electrical Grid Projects.  These tactical  microgrid ...procurement for distribution in AFG   Reduce‐Hybrid 1‐2 Transportable Wind Solar. This effort deploys a solar  microgrid  to  reduce fuel consumption

  10. 78 FR 44436 - Safety Zone; Joint Operations Exercise, Lake Michigan, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-24

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Joint Operations Exercise, Lake Michigan... vessels from a portion of Lake Michigan due to a joint operations exercise involving the Department of... surrounding public and vessels from the hazards associated with the exercise. DATES: This rule is...

  11. 7 CFR 795.7 - Entities or joint operations not considered as a person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... provisions of § 795.3, each individual or other legal entity who shares in the proceeds derived from farming... individual or other legal entity shares in the proceeds derived from farming by such joint operation... farming by such joint operation shall not be considered as a separate person unless the individual...

  12. Army Transportation Systems in a Twenty-First Century Joint Operational Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    Wheeled Vehicles Classification : Unclassified Five components of the U.S. Army Transportation Systems collectively meet...Army Transportation Systems in a Twenty-First Century Joint Operational Environment by Lieutenant Colonel Mark D. Stimer...Transportation Systems in a Twenty-First Century Joint Operational Environment 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER

  13. 7 CFR 795.7 - Entities or joint operations not considered as a person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... provisions of § 795.3, each individual or other legal entity who shares in the proceeds derived from farming... individual or other legal entity shares in the proceeds derived from farming by such joint operation... farming by such joint operation shall not be considered as a separate person unless the individual...

  14. 7 CFR 795.7 - Entities or joint operations not considered as a person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... provisions of § 795.3, each individual or other legal entity who shares in the proceeds derived from farming... individual or other legal entity shares in the proceeds derived from farming by such joint operation... farming by such joint operation shall not be considered as a separate person unless the individual...

  15. 7 CFR 795.7 - Entities or joint operations not considered as a person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... provisions of § 795.3, each individual or other legal entity who shares in the proceeds derived from farming... individual or other legal entity shares in the proceeds derived from farming by such joint operation... farming by such joint operation shall not be considered as a separate person unless the individual...

  16. 7 CFR 795.7 - Entities or joint operations not considered as a person.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... provisions of § 795.3, each individual or other legal entity who shares in the proceeds derived from farming... individual or other legal entity shares in the proceeds derived from farming by such joint operation... farming by such joint operation shall not be considered as a separate person unless the individual...

  17. Seizing the Digital High Ground: Military Operations and Politics in the Social Media Era

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-13

    technological evolution, its impact on crowd behaviour, and using case studies of the Arab Spring and Islamic State, this thesis argues that unless there...Information Revolution, Islamic State, IS, ISIS, ISIL, Arab Spring, Military Operations, Crowd Behaviour 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF...using case studies of the Arab Spring and Islamic State, this thesis argues that unless there is a vastly improved understanding of the utility of

  18. The US Military’s Experience in Stability Operations, 1789-2005

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    the newly freed slaves, and revolutionize much of the 7 South’s economic infrastructure and social relationships . The timetable of results varied...course of a conflict confounds traditional thinking about the temporal relationship between the two categories. For example, when MCO planners insist...influences. In stability operations, however, reality often upsets the expectations born of this traditional politico-military relationship . The reality

  19. Exploiting Human Science Advances for Military Operations: Past Challenges & Future Vision

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-01

    6 RTO-MP-HFM-181 REFERENCES [1] Bell, D. et al. Effects of caffeine , ephedrine, and their combination on high intensity aerobic exercise...only locate, fix, and “kill” military targets, but to also do so from afar. The RMA concepts were effectively demonstrated in operations during the...use of drugs by athletes to improve their performance. 4. EXAMPLES OF POTENTIAL RESEARCH QUESTIONS LEADING TO KNOWLEDGE EXPLOITATION Creative

  20. Congressional Authority to Limit U.S. Military Operations in Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-04-24

    Carr, 369 U.S. 186, 211-12 (1962) (noting that justiciability of a foreign affairs matter is determined “in terms of the history of its management by...to a coordinate political department” the dominant factor for determining justiciability ). 140 Massachusetts v. Laird, 451 F.2d 26, 31-32 (1st Cir...duration of hostilities.”). Another court found justiciable the question of whether military operations were constitutional, proclaiming the test to

  1. Congressional Authority to Limit U.S. Military Operations in Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-07-11

    noting that justiciability of a foreign affairs matter is determined “in terms of the history of its management by the political branches, of its...the dominant factor for determining justiciability ). 171 Massachusetts v. Laird, 451 F.2d 26, 31-32 (1st Cir. 1971)(“The Congress may without...Another court found justiciable the question of whether military operations (continued...) authority as Commander in Chief.166 Nonetheless, historical

  2. Abundance and Utility: For Military Operations, Liquid Fuels Remain a Solid Choice over Natural Gas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-08-01

    and combat support vehicles, ships, and aircraft, the adoption of natural gas —whether as compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied natural gas (LNG...tacticaldefensemedia.com16 | DoD Power & Energy Fall 2014 For Military Operations, Liquid Fuels Remain a Solid Choice over Natural Gas By Bret...Strogen and Patrick Lobner Abundance and Utility Fueling the Force Natural Gas M ilitary energy strategists often recount the British Royal Navy’s decision

  3. Finding the Balance: U.S. Military and Future Operations (PKSOI Papers)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-01

    Latin America . Along with General James N. Mat- tis, he spearheaded the development of the FM 3-24, Counterinsurgency in 2006, the first intensive...FINDING THE BALANCE: U.S. MILITARY AND FUTURE OPERATIONS INTRODUCTION In 1755, the British Army in North America , shak- en by the defeat of General...in the complex environment of North America .1 In 1966 the U.S Army, shaken by it experience in Viet Nam transformed itself. By 1972 the Army had

  4. US Military Presence in Latin America: Making the Manta Forward Operating Location work

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-09-01

    operating.html; accessed on 6 June 2003. 86 Ana Maria Salazar , Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Drug Enforcement Policy and Support to the House of...efforts have steadily improved since the FOLs have been established. According to Ana Maria Salazar , then Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Drug...database on-line]; Available at http://www.wola.org/publications/ddhr_military_overview.pdf.; accessed on 4 June 2003. 94 Ana Maria Salazar

  5. Human Performance Enhancement for NATO Military Operations (Science, Technology, and Ethics)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-01

    to develop a drug known as endomorphin -1 that is based on the naturally occurring pain-control compound in the human brain, but with fewer of the...side effects of morphine. Endomorphin -1 proved to be rapidly metabolized. Subsequently, an analog of endomorphin -1 was developed that has similar...Performance Enhancement for NATO Military Operations (Science, Technology, and Ethics) 34 - 6 RTO-MP-HFM-181 endomorphin analog rewarding, in

  6. Prevalence of acute respiratory tract diseases among soldiers deployed for military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.

    PubMed

    Korzeniewski, K; Nitsch-Osuch, Aneta; Konarski, M; Guzek, A; Prokop, E; Bieniuk, K

    2013-01-01

    Respiratory diseases are one of the most common health problems among service personnel assigned to contemporary military operations which are conducted in areas characterized by adverse environmental conditions. This article reviews the results of the studies into the prevalence of acute respiratory tract diseases among soldiers of the Polish Military Contingent deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. The article also discusses a number of factors which increase the prevalence of diseases diagnosed in the population of soldiers on a military mission in different climatic and sanitary conditions. Retrospective analysis was based on medical records of Polish troops treated on an outpatient basis in Iraq in 2003-2004 (n = 871) and in Afghanistan in 2003-2005 (n = 400), 2009 (n = 2,300), and 2010 (n = 2,500). The intensity rates were calculated and were then used to calculate the prevalence of diseases per 100 persons in a given population of the military personnel. We found that acute respiratory tract diseases were one of the most common health problems treated in outpatient medical facilities in all four study populations. The incidence rate was 45.6 cases in Iraq in 2003-2004, and in Afghanistan it amounted to 61.8 in 2003-2005, 45.3 in 2009, and 54.8-100 persons in 2010. In conclusion, the prevalence of respiratory diseases was closely related to the environmental factors, such as sand and dust storms, extreme temperature changes, unsatisfactory sanitary conditions, and common disregard of basic principles concerning disease prevention.

  7. Higher-level fusion for military operations based on abductive inference: proof of principle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pantaleev, Aleksandar V.; Josephson, John

    2006-04-01

    The ability of contemporary military commanders to estimate and understand complicated situations already suffers from information overload, and the situation can only grow worse. We describe a prototype application that uses abductive inferencing to fuse information from multiple sensors to evaluate the evidence for higher-level hypotheses that are close to the levels of abstraction needed for decision making (approximately JDL levels 2 and 3). Abductive inference (abduction, inference to the best explanation) is a pattern of reasoning that occurs naturally in diverse settings such as medical diagnosis, criminal investigations, scientific theory formation, and military intelligence analysis. Because abduction is part of common-sense reasoning, implementations of it can produce reasoning traces that are very human understandable. Automated abductive inferencing can be deployed to augment human reasoning, taking advantage of computation to process large amounts of information, and to bypass limits to human attention and short-term memory. We illustrate the workings of the prototype system by describing an example of its use for small-unit military operations in an urban setting. Knowledge was encoded as it might be captured prior to engagement from a standard military decision making process (MDMP) and analysis of commander's priority intelligence requirements (PIR). The system is able to reasonably estimate the evidence for higher-level hypotheses based on information from multiple sensors. Its inference processes can be examined closely to verify correctness. Decision makers can override conclusions at any level and changes will propagate appropriately.

  8. Honing the Dagger: The formation of a Standing Joint Special Operations Task Force Headquarters

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Eagle: A Historical Perspective of U.S. Special Operations, 1976-1996 (Miami: Narwhal Press, 1998), 231. 20 The DOD Dictionary of Military Terms...Lenahan, Rod. Crippled Eagle: A Historical Perspective of U.S. Special Operations, 1976-1996. Miami: Narwhal Press, 1998. McConnell, Malcolm. Just Cause

  9. Occupational exposure of personnel operating military radio equipment: measurements and simulation.

    PubMed

    Paljanos, Annamaria; Miclaus, Simona; Munteanu, Calin

    2015-09-01

    Technical literature provides numerous studies concerning radiofrequency exposure measurements for various radio communication devices, but there are few studies related to exposure of personnel operating military radio equipment. In order to evaluate exposure and identify cases when safety requirements are not entirely met, both measurements and simulations are needed for accurate results. Moreover, given the technical characteristics of the radio devices used in the military, personnel mainly operate in the near-field region so both measurements and simulation becomes more complex. Measurements were made in situ using a broadband personal exposimeter equipped with two isotropic probes for both electric and magnetic components of the field. The experiment was designed for three different operating frequencies of the same radio equipment, while simulations were made in FEKO software using hybrid numerical methods to solve complex electromagnetic field problems. The paper aims to discuss the comparative results of the measurements and simulation, as well as comparing them to reference levels specified in military or civilian radiofrequency exposure standards.

  10. How Well do the Military Services Perform Jointly in Combat? DoD’s Joint Test-and-Evaluation Program Provides Few Credible Answers.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-02-22

    to comment. ""- Tear Sheet xi N. N """ C o n t e n t at’A Page DIGESTj CHAPTER 1 OBJECTIVES, SCOPE, AND METHODOLOGY 1 2 JT&E °s HISTORY, STRUCTURE...IDA Weapon System Evaluation Group and Institute -< for Defense Analyses - _Pa %" CHAPTER 1 OBJECTIVES, SCOPE, AND METHODOLOGY In most military...34there is no effective method for conducting OT&E [operational testing and evaluation] which cuts across Service lines . . ." (II.A.3, p. 90). 1

  11. Conventional Force Modernization and the Asymmetries of Military Doctrine: Historical Reflections on Airland Battle and the Operational Maneuver Group

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-09-20

    echelon, or Follow-On Forces Attack ( FOFA ). 6 1 The core of the workshop report on the Soviet threat was Christopher Donnelly’s analysis of an emerging...debate regarding the military-political implications of operational-maneuver-groups, AirLand Battle and Follow-On- Forces-Attack ( FOFA ), marks the...decisive manner at the operational-strategic level. 31 To some extent the surprise was the result of the poverty of Western analysis of Soviet military

  12. Joint Air Power, Transformation, and Operation Iraqi Freedom

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-31

    NOTES 1 Orson Scott Card, Ender’s Game. (New York: Tor Books 1977), 192-193. 2 Benjamin S...1989. Card, Orson Scott . Ender’s Game. New York: Tor Books, 1977. Cordesman, Anthony. The Iraq War. Strategy, Tacticics, and Military Lessons...21. 33 Cordesman. 184. 34 Scott Peterson and Peter Ford, “From Iraqi officers, three tales of shock and defeat,” Christian Science Monitor, (18 April

  13. Prairie North: a joint civilian/military mass casualty exercise highlights the role of the National Guard in community disaster response.

    PubMed

    Vukotich, George; Bayram, Jamil D; Miller, Miriam I

    2012-01-01

    In a joint military/civilian exercise conducted in June 2010, military National Guard medical and decontamination response efforts proved to be paramount in supporting hospital resources to sustain an adequate response during a simulated terrorist event. Traditionally, hospitals include local responders in their disaster preparedness but overlook other available state and federal resources such as the National Guard. Lessons learned from the exercise included the value of regular joint disaster planning and training between the military and civilian medical sectors. Additionally, military communication and medical equipment compatibility with the civilian infrastructure was identified as one of the top areas for the improvement of this joint exercise. Involving the National Guard in community disaster planning provides a valuable medical support asset that can be critical in responding to multiple casualty events. National Guard response is inherently faster than its federal counterpart. Based on the findings from our joint exercise, states are encouraged to incorporate their corresponding National Guard in civilian critical medical infrastructure disaster preparedness activities, as the National Guard can be an integral part of the disaster response efforts in real multiple casualty events.

  14. A complexity science-based framework for global joint operations analysis to support force projection: LDRD Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Lawton, Craig R.

    2015-01-01

    The military is undergoing a significant transformation as it modernizes for the information age and adapts to address an emerging asymmetric threat beyond traditional cold war era adversaries. Techniques such as traditional large-scale, joint services war gaming analysis are no longer adequate to support program evaluation activities and mission planning analysis at the enterprise level because the operating environment is evolving too quickly. New analytical capabilities are necessary to address modernization of the Department of Defense (DoD) enterprise. This presents significant opportunity to Sandia in supporting the nation at this transformational enterprise scale. Although Sandia has significant experience with engineering system of systems (SoS) and Complex Adaptive System of Systems (CASoS), significant fundamental research is required to develop modeling, simulation and analysis capabilities at the enterprise scale. This report documents an enterprise modeling framework which will enable senior level decision makers to better understand their enterprise and required future investments.

  15. SOCAP: Lessons learned in applying SIPE-2 to the military operations crisis action planning domain

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Desimone, Roberto

    1992-01-01

    This report describes work funded under the DARPA Planning and Scheduling Initiative that led to the development of SOCAP (System for Operations Crisis Action Planning). In particular, it describes lessons learned in applying SIPE-2, the underlying AI planning technology within SOCAP, to the domain of military operations deliberate and crisis action planning. SOCAP was demonstrated at the U.S. Central Command and at the Pentagon in early 1992. A more detailed report about the lessons learned is currently being prepared. This report was presented during one of the panel discussions on 'The Relevance of Scheduling to AI Planning Systems.'

  16. UAV-guided navigation for ground robot tele-operation in a military reconnaissance environment.

    PubMed

    Chen, Jessie Y C

    2010-08-01

    A military reconnaissance environment was simulated to examine the performance of ground robotics operators who were instructed to utilise streaming video from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to navigate his/her ground robot to the locations of the targets. The effects of participants' spatial ability on their performance and workload were also investigated. Results showed that participants' overall performance (speed and accuracy) was better when she/he had access to images from larger UAVs with fixed orientations, compared with other UAV conditions (baseline- no UAV, micro air vehicle and UAV with orbiting views). Participants experienced the highest workload when the UAV was orbiting. Those individuals with higher spatial ability performed significantly better and reported less workload than those with lower spatial ability. The results of the current study will further understanding of ground robot operators' target search performance based on streaming video from UAVs. The results will also facilitate the implementation of ground/air robots in military environments and will be useful to the future military system design and training community.

  17. Operational military helicopter interior noise and vibration measurements with comparisons to ride quality criteria

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clevenson, S. A.; Leatherwood, J. D.; Hollenbaugh, D. D.

    1983-01-01

    Balka (1981) has identified the attainment of a 'jet-smooth' ride as a primary goal of the helicopter industry for commercial and certain military helicopters. It was noted that criteria accounting for both multiple axis vibration and interior noise are needed. The present investigation has the objective to present a vibration and interior noise data base in a format suitable for direct evaluation of aircraft ride quality. The investigation is also concerned with an assessment of the measured environment against available criteria as an indication of the state-of-the-art for current machines. Interior noise and vibration measurements were obtained on eight military helicopters during routine operational flights. The data are presented in the form of a number of parameters.

  18. A Critical Analysis of Joint Logistics Professional Military Education for Army Logisticians

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-12

    how they might be harmonized .”5 A shared understanding of service capabilities, limitations, and systems within the Joint Force and broader Joint...Terms) as well as for developing logistics terminology . The following defined terms will provide context to the study and are significant to the...requirements. Any area that due to conflicting terminology was considered undefined was removed, but will be discussed in miscellaneous findings. To

  19. Professional Military Ethics Education and Core Character Values in the Joint Profession of Arms

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-01-01

    behavior pattern in a domestic animal detrimental to its health or usefulness... sexual immorality.ൗ Virtue on the other hand, according to...professionalism in all aspects of military performance is essential. One aspect, that of ethical behavior and moral conduct, is clearly a necessary element in...aspect, that of ethical behavior and moral conduct, is clearly a necessary element in terms of ultimate success. Richard A. Gabriel states that "some

  20. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 32, Autumn 2002

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-12-01

    nature of civil -military relations, and the relative development of state-of-the-art technology all shape wartime mobilization. By combining and...winning the global war on terrorism. Although the joint team has technologically superior weapons, command and control systems, and re- connaissance...Coordination by Charles N. Cardinal, Timber P. Pangonas, and Edward Marks 54 Civil -Military Operations: Joint Doctrine and the Malayan Emergency by

  1. Concept of Operations (CONOPS) for Foreign Language and Speech Translation Technologies in a Coalition Military Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-01

    concepts and architecture paths to reduce human language barriers experienced by the DOD Operational Community and the Intelligence Community...Specifically, the program is designed to; • Reduce the foreign language barriers across the full spectrum of transnational and joint coalition

  2. American Joint Helicopter Command: Addressing a Lack of Operational Control of Rotary Assets

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-06

    capture Taliban and al Qaeda leadership in the Shahi -Kot Valley of Afghanistan. CFLCC initially tasked Joint Special Operations Task Force- North...clearances, and tanker planning required to get the aircraft into the Shahi -Kot Valley. Additionally, the plan included neither Joint Terminal Area

  3. The medical department in military operations other than war. Part I. Planning for deployment.

    PubMed

    Baker, M S; Ryals, P A

    1999-08-01

    Many military deployments are "military operations other than war" (MOOTW), a spectrum of assignments less than all-out combat. The corresponding medical support requirement differs from conventional military medical combat support and also from customary civilian medical practice. Hence, medical planners will use different doctrine and planning tools than are used in civilian facilities or on field training exercises when tasked for MOOTW activities. The deployment team must be self-sufficient, plan for very large numbers of affected individuals, and arrange for food, water, shelter, sanitation, power, light, security, transportation, communications, and team health care in advance of arrival. Careful and well-thought-out advance liaison with numerous interested parties is required to ensure mission success. The medical department on these missions may represent the lead element, and other warfare specialists and line and staff officers may support the medical mission by providing security, communications, transportation, and logistics. The medical team may find that it represents the foreign policy "point of the spear" during MOOTW deployments.

  4. Impact of phlebotomine sand flies on U.S. Military operations at Tallil Air Base, Iraq: 1. background, military situation, and development of a "Leishmaniasis Control Program".

    PubMed

    Coleman, Russell E; Burkett, Douglas A; Putnam, John L; Sherwood, Van; Caci, Jennifer B; Jennings, Barton T; Hochberg, Lisa P; Spradling, Sharon L; Rowton, Edgar D; Blount, Keith; Ploch, John; Hopkins, Grady; Raymond, Jo-Lynne W; O'Guinn, Monica L; Lee, John S; Weina, Peter J

    2006-07-01

    One of the most significant modern day efforts to prevent and control an arthropod-borne disease during a military deployment occurred when a team of U.S. military entomologists led efforts to characterize, prevent, and control leishmaniasis at Tallil Air Base (TAB), Iraq, during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Soon after arriving at TAB on 22 March 2003, military entomologists determined that 1) high numbers of sand flies were present at TAB, 2) individual soldiers were receiving many sand fly bites in a single night, and 3) Leishmania parasites were present in 1.5% of the female sand flies as determined using a real-time (fluorogenic) Leishmania-generic polymerase chain reaction assay. The rapid determination that leishmaniasis was a specific threat in this area allowed for the establishment of a comprehensive Leishmaniasis Control Program (LCP) over 5 mo before the first case of leishmaniasis was confirmed in a U.S. soldier deployed to Iraq. The LCP had four components: 1) risk assessment, 2) enhancement of use of personal protective measures by all personnel at TAB, 3) vector and reservoir control, and 4) education of military personnel about sand flies and leishmaniasis. The establishment of the LCP at TAB before the onset of any human disease conclusively demonstrated that entomologists can play a critical role during military deployments.

  5. Enhancing Joint Warfighting Readiness Through Conduct of Foreign Disaster Relief Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-26

    overseas humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations. Examples include post- volcanic eruption support to Martinique and St. Vincent in 1902...formal [military decision-making processes] forced leaders to quickly develop solutions and execute.” 15 These same leadership and decision-making

  6. Shared meanings for military nurse veterans: follow up survey of nurse veterans from WWII, Korea, Vietnam, and Operation Desert Storm.

    PubMed

    Stanton-Bandiero, M P

    1998-01-01

    This study is an extension of a qualitative study involving military nurses in World War II, Korea, Vietnam and Operation Desert Storm. Common themes and shared meanings identified in the previous qualitative study were investigated using a broad sample of military nurses who had served at various times and different branches of the service. The present investigation used a survey to gather data, and results tended to validate results of the earlier study that the experiences of military nurses in times of war tend to transcend many factors including time and branch of service.

  7. Operation Urgent Fury - Grenada

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-11-01

    Organization Name(s) and Address(es) Joint History Office Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Washington, DC Performing Organization Report...FURY The Planning and Execution of Joint Operations in Grenada 12 October - 2 November 1983 Ronald H. Cole Joint History Office Office of the Chairman...Includes index. 1. Grenada-- History --American Invasion, 1983. 2. Military planning--United States. 3. United States--Armed Forces

  8. Final Environmental Impact Statement for Proposed White Elk Military Operations Area, Hill Air Force Base, Utah

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-01

    Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 i RECORD OF DECISION FOR THE WlllTE ELK MILITARY OPERATIONS AREA WIDTE PINE AND ELKO COUNTIES, NEVADA This document...western edge of the existing UTTR over White Pine County and Elko County in Nevada. Establishment of the additional airspace linked to the existing...proximity to Hill AFB for establishment of the new MOA Page2 airspace but only one, the area over White Pine County and Elko County on the western edge

  9. The PLA at Home and Abroad: Assessing the Operational Capabilities of China’s Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    day exercise called “Divine Matrix” designed on the assumption that a “nuclear-armed China would attack India by 2017 .” Following a 6-month study of...Fears Chinese Attack by 2017 ,” Hindustan Times Online, March 26, 2009. 32. Li Xiaokun, “Drill Report ‘Surprises’ Chinese Govern- ment,” China Daily...operational freedom of action; long-term life cycle readiness, maxi - mizing availability and reliability of systems at best value to the military services

  10. Energy Requirements of US Army Special Operation Forces During Military Training

    PubMed Central

    Margolis, Lee M.; Crombie, Aaron P.; McClung, Holly L.; McGraw, Susan M.; Rood, Jennifer C.; Montain, Scott J.; Young, Andrew J.

    2014-01-01

    Special Operations Forces (SOF) regularly engage in physically demanding combat operations and field training exercises, resulting in high daily energy expenditure, and thus increased energy requirements. However, the majority of studies assessing energy requirements of SOF have been conducted on soldiers going through intense SOF initiation training. The objective of the current investigation was to determine the energy expenditure of SOF conducting military training operations. Thirty-one soldiers taking part in Pre-Mission Training (PMT n = 15) and Combat Diver Qualification Courses (CDQC n = 16) volunteered to participate in this observational study. Energy expenditure was determined using doubly labeled water. Body weight (83 ± 7 kg) remained stable during both training periods. Overall energy expenditure adjusted for body composition was 17,606 ± 2326 kJ·day−1. Energy expenditure was 19,110 ± 1468 kJ·day−1 during CDQC and 16,334 ± 2180 kJ·day−1 during PMT, with physical activity levels of 2.6 ± 0.2 and 2.2 ± 0.3 during CDQC and PMT, respectively. Compared to the Military Dietary Reference Intakes for energy (13,598 kJ·day−1), these data are in agreement with previous reports that energy requirement for SOF Soldiers exceed that of the average soldier. PMID:24824290

  11. Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Laser Designation Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing...collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. 1 . REPORT DATE 28 MAY 1999 2. REPORT TYPE N/A 3. DATES...unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 PREFACE i 1 . Scope This publication provides joint tactics, techniques

  12. A Preliminary Investigation of Ship Acquisition Options for Joint Forcible Entry Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-01-01

    instability" extending from West Africa to Indonesia 4 Loosely speaking, sea basing is the ability to assemble, equip, and support forces from sea...and conflict, anywhere around the world. The Global Concept of Operations will employ a flexible force structure that includes: "* Carrier Strike...so-called zone of instability that extends from West Africa to Indonesia will continue as a focal point of American military operations for the rest

  13. Joint Forces Command - Operation United Assistance Case Study: Lessons and Best Practices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-07-01

    Services are better at that than any organization on Earth.” This Presidential Directive set in motion an operation that was the first U.S. military...Africa (USARAF) was designated as the Army Service component command (ASCC) for USAFRICOM in January 2012. The USAFRICOM commander directed USARAF...sustainment preparation of the theater, theater security cooperation, and integration of operational contract support. USARAF was directed by its

  14. The Joint Operating Environment (JOE): Challenges and Implications for the Future Joint Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-11-25

    be called on to protect our national interests. Merely sustaining the health of the Joint Force, never mind adapting and transforming, is far more...very powerful motives prevent us from doing so – security, honour, and self interest. And we were not the first to act in this way. Far from it.” 4...deep understanding of the enemy – his culture, history, geography, religious and ideological motivations , and particularly the huge differences in

  15. Performance assessments of Android-powered military applications operating on tactical handheld devices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weiss, Brian A.; Fronczek, Lisa; Morse, Emile; Kootbally, Zeid; Schlenoff, Craig

    2013-05-01

    Transformative Apps (TransApps) is a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) funded program whose goal is to develop a range of militarily-relevant software applications ("apps") to enhance the operational-effectiveness of military personnel on (and off) the battlefield. TransApps is also developing a military apps marketplace to facilitate rapid development and dissemination of applications to address user needs by connecting engaged communities of endusers with development groups. The National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) role in the TransApps program is to design and implement evaluation procedures to assess the performance of: 1) the various software applications, 2) software-hardware interactions, and 3) the supporting online application marketplace. Specifically, NIST is responsible for evaluating 50+ tactically-relevant applications operating on numerous Android™-powered platforms. NIST efforts include functional regression testing and quantitative performance testing. This paper discusses the evaluation methodologies employed to assess the performance of three key program elements: 1) handheld-based applications and their integration with various hardware platforms, 2) client-based applications and 3) network technologies operating on both the handheld and client systems along with their integration into the application marketplace. Handheld-based applications are assessed using a combination of utility and usability-based checklists and quantitative performance tests. Client-based applications are assessed to replicate current overseas disconnected (i.e. no network connectivity between handhelds) operations and to assess connected operations envisioned for later use. Finally, networked applications are assessed on handhelds to establish baselines of performance for when connectivity will be common usage.

  16. Purple Reign: Ascent and Decline of Joint Behavior in the U.S. Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-08-01

    am indebted to my advisory committee, who offered patient encouragement and timely advice throughout the humbling process of researching and...creative process . When they ascend to any type of useful outcome, joint endeavors reflect the energy put into them by invested leaders. The semantic...created all this process , which we’re really good at…with weighted factors for cost and everything else to determine what the preferred solution is for

  17. 14 CFR 249.21 - Preservation of records by public charter operators and overseas military personnel charter...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Preservation of records by public charter operators and overseas military personnel charter operators. 249.21 Section 249.21 Aeronautics and Space... of an authorized representative of the DOT. (a) All receipts and statements of travel agents and...

  18. What It Takes. Air Force Command of Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    ters staff. For the headquarters to reach full functionality, it needs to be augmented with additional staff from both the host service and the other...Operations Command Central SOCPAC Special Operations Command Pacific SOF special operations forces TAC CP tactical command post TACON tactical control ...defines control as 1. Authority that may be less than full command exercised by a commander over part of the activities of subordinate or other

  19. JELO: A Model of Joint Expeditionary Logistics Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-10-01

    copy Office of the Chief of Naval Operations N42 2000 Navy Pentagon Washington, D.C. 20350-2000 12. Captain James Stewart ............................................................................ electronic

  20. Feasibility Study for Joint Military-Civilian Use of Scott Air Force Base

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-05-01

    package express hubbing operation. Based on the growth of just - in - time manufacturing , tighter inventory management and overseas sourcing,, Scott AB...production line by providing the highly reliable service essential to operate just - in - time manufacturing systems. Operating Requirements: Prefers larger

  1. Operational impact of tongue piercing on French military pilots during overseas deployments: a case report.

    PubMed

    Gunepin, Mathieu; Derache, Florence; Audoual, Thomas

    2010-10-01

    Piercing in general and particularly tongue piercing is gaining popularity in the Western world. The French army and so the French air force are concerned by this phenomenon. A case report of a pilot suffering from dental pain with operational consequences due to a dental fracture during Operation Trident (Kosovo) is presented. The dental examination highlighted the fact that the dental fracture was directly due to the presence of a tongue piercing. Tongue piercing and wearing tongue jewelry have numerous adverse effects, especially frequent dental complications. If these complications do not result in death, they can generate sufficient pain to disturb the vigilance and concentration of pilots and can have a major impact on flight security. For these reasons, tongue piercing is in total contradiction to a professional army and particularly to military pilots and aircrews.

  2. Families overcoming under stress: implementing family-centered prevention for military families facing wartime deployments and combat operational stress.

    PubMed

    Lester, Patricia; Mogil, Catherine; Saltzman, William; Woodward, Kirsten; Nash, William; Leskin, Gregory; Bursch, Brenda; Green, Sara; Pynoos, Robert; Beardslee, William

    2011-01-01

    The toll of multiple and prolonged deployments on families has become clearer in recent years as military families have seen an increase in childhood anxiety, parental psychological distress, and marital discord. Families overcoming under stress (FOCUS), a family-centered evidence-informed resiliency training program developed at University of California, Los Angeles and Harvard Medical School, is being implemented at military installations through an initiative from Navy Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. The research foundation for FOCUS includes evidence-based preventive interventions that were adapted to meet the specific needs of military families facing combat operational stress associated with wartime deployments. Using a family narrative approach, FOCUS includes a customized approach utilizing core intervention components, including psychoeducation, emotional regulation skills, goal setting and problem solving skills, traumatic stress reminder management techniques, and family communication skills. The purpose of this study is to describe the development and implementation of FOCUS for military families. A case example is also presented.

  3. The Joint Agricultural Weather Facility's Operational Assessment Program.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Motha, Raymond P.; Heddinghaus, Thomas R.

    1986-09-01

    The Joint Agricultural Weather Facility (JAWF), a cooperative effort between the Climate Analysis Center, NMC/NWS/NOAA (National Meteorological Center/National Weather Service/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) and the World Agricultural Outlook Board, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), focuses on weather anomalies and their effects on the crop-yield potential in major international crop areas. The basic mission is to provide an objective procedure for translating the flow of global weather information into timely and accurate assessments of growing-season conditions which ultimately impact on global agricultural production and trade. Daily monitoring of satellite weather images and meteorological data provides the framework for agricultural weather analysis. Daily. weekly, and seasonal summaries are processed and merged with historical weather and crop data for evaluation of the crop-yield potential. Information is disseminated at routine briefings, in written summaries, and through informal discussions.

  4. Division Restructuring to Support the Joint Operational Access Concept

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-23

    FMI Field Manual Interim GPS Global Positioning System GWOT Global War on Terror HIMARS High Mobility Artillery Rocket System vi IADS...counterinsurgency concepts from the Vietnam War, the Army published Field Manual – Interim, FMI 3-07.22, Counterinsurgency Operations, to fill the...capability and doctrine gap. While focused on Counterinsurgency Operations (COIN), FMI 3-07.22 heavily relied on the Unified Action concepts of FM 3-07

  5. The Joint Air Operations Center in the Realm of Network Centric Warfare

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Air University Press, April 1998. Harter , Mark E. Rapid Dominance - Integrating Space into Today’s Air Operations Center. Maxwell AFB: Air... Susan Pardo, John Boggess, Sheron Leonard, Evelyn Spence, Steve Cash, Doug MacCrea, Mark Williams, and Dave Goldfein. Joint Air Operations Center: C4I

  6. ’Seams’ Of Inefficiency and Joint Interagency Task Force (JIATF) Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-31

    9 3. Figure 3: Operation Mayan Jaguar……………………..………… 14 4. Figure 4: Proposed JIATF East JOA …………………………….. 18 5. Figure 5...military forces from engaging in any civil law enforcement activities. By modifying the Act, President Reagan formally directed U.S. intelligence...kicked off operation MAYAN JAGUAR (See Figure 3). Combined CD Operations OP Mayan Jaguar with Guatemala, Feb 2002 92˚ West - JIATF East coordinated

  7. Door Opening Affects Operating Room Pressure During Joint Arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Mears, Simon C; Blanding, Renee; Belkoff, Stephen M

    2015-11-01

    Many resources are expended to ensure a sterile operating room environment. Efforts are made to prevent exposure of patients to personnel and to achieve positive room pressure to keep out airborne contaminants. Foot traffic into and out of the operating room during surgery can undermine these efforts. The authors investigated the number and duration of operating room door openings during hip and knee arthroplasty procedures and the effect of the door openings on room pressure. They tested the hypothesis that door openings defeat positive pressure, permitting air flow into the room. Room pressure and door status were monitored electronically during 191 hip and knee arthroplasty procedures. Operating room staff were unaware that data were being collected. The authors evaluated the data with regression analysis to determine whether the number and duration of door openings had an effect on room pressure. Significance was set at P<.05. Doors were open, on average, 9.5 minutes per case. In 77 of 191 cases, positive pressure was defeated, allowing air flow to reverse into the operating room. Total time with the door open significantly affected the minimum pressure recorded in the room (P<.02), but did not significantly affect average room pressure (P=.7). This finding suggested that the loss of positive pressure was a transient event from which the room recovered. The number and duration of door openings showed a significant association with length of surgery. Door openings threaten positive pressure, potentially jeopardizing operating room sterility. The causes of excessive operating room traffic must be evaluated to identify ways to reduce this traffic and the associated risks.

  8. Secure Multi-party Computation Protocol for Defense Applications in Military Operations Using Virtual Cryptography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pathak, Rohit; Joshi, Satyadhar

    With the advent into the 20th century whole world has been facing the common dilemma of Terrorism. The suicide attacks on US twin towers 11 Sept. 2001, Train bombings in Madrid Spain 11 Mar. 2004, London bombings 7 Jul. 2005 and Mumbai attack 26 Nov. 2008 were some of the most disturbing, destructive and evil acts by terrorists in the last decade which has clearly shown their evil intent that they can go to any extent to accomplish their goals. Many terrorist organizations such as al Quaida, Harakat ul-Mujahidin, Hezbollah, Jaish-e-Mohammed, Lashkar-e-Toiba, etc. are carrying out training camps and terrorist operations which are accompanied with latest technology and high tech arsenal. To counter such terrorism our military is in need of advanced defense technology. One of the major issues of concern is secure communication. It has to be made sure that communication between different military forces is secure so that critical information is not leaked to the adversary. Military forces need secure communication to shield their confidential data from terrorist forces. Leakage of concerned data can prove hazardous, thus preservation and security is of prime importance. There may be a need to perform computations that require data from many military forces, but in some cases the associated forces would not want to reveal their data to other forces. In such situations Secure Multi-party Computations find their application. In this paper, we propose a new highly scalable Secure Multi-party Computation (SMC) protocol and algorithm for Defense applications which can be used to perform computation on encrypted data. Every party encrypts their data in accordance with a particular scheme. This encrypted data is distributed among some created virtual parties. These Virtual parties send their data to the TTP through an Anonymizer layer. TTP performs computation on encrypted data and announces the result. As the data sent was encrypted its actual value can’t be known by TTP

  9. Department of Defense Dictionary Of Military and Associated Terms

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-12-31

    determination steps of the joint operation planning process. Also called COA. (JP 5 -0) covering fire — 1 . Fire used to protect troops when they are... 5 -0) As Amended Through 31 December 2010 202 JP 1 -02 joint planning group — A planning organization consisting of designated...execution of an operation. Also called OPORD. (JP 5 -0) operation plan — 1 . Any plan for the conduct of military operations prepared in response to

  10. Building a Better Trojan Horse: Emerging Army Roles in Joint Urban Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-01-01

    Building a Better Trojan Horse : Emerging Army Roles in Joint Urban Operations A Monograph by MAJ Christopher H. Beckert Infantry, U.S. Army School...xx-xx-2000 to xx-xx-2000 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Building a Better Trojan Horse : Emerging Army Roles in Joint...TELEPHONE NUMBER International Area Code Area Code Telephone Number 703 767-9007 DSN 427-9007 2 Abstract BUILDING A BETTER TROJAN HORSE : EMERGING ARMY

  11. The Command and Control of Communications in Joint and Combined Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-06-03

    on the mission, theater and communications factors. A discussion of the functional areas for management of joint communications closes the thesis...mission, theater and communications factors. A discussion of the functional areas for management of joint communications closes the thesis. Acc uý:ion For...TABLES Table Page 1 Comparison of Crisis Action Planning Phases and JTF Operational Phases . . . 25 2 Activity Sets for Management of Battlefield

  12. Joint position paper on rural surgery and operative delivery.

    PubMed

    Iglesias, Stuart; Kornelsen, Jude; Woollard, Robert; Caron, Nadine; Warnock, Garth; Friesen, Randall; Miles, Peter; Vogt Haines, Victoria; Batchelor, Bret; Blake, Jenny; Mazowita, Garey; Wyman, Roy; Geller, Brian; de Klerk, Braam

    2015-01-01

    Our professional organizations have prepared this paper as part of an integrated, multidisciplinary plan to ensure the availability of well-trained practitioner teams to sustain safe, effective and high-quality rural surgical and operative delivery services. Without these robust local (or nearby) surgical services, sustaining rural maternity care is much more difficult. This paper describes the "network model" as a health human resources solution to meet the surgical needs, including operative delivery, of rural residents; outlines necessary policy directions for achieving this solution; and poses a series of enabling recommendations.

  13. Interdependence, Interoperability, and Integration: Joint Force Analysis at the Operational Level

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-01

    Services, 1. 23 Robert 0. Keohane and JosephS. Nye , Power and Interdependence, third edition, New York: Longman Press, 2001, 4. 24 Chuck Harrison. "How...Assistance in Military Operations: The Least-Worst Option to Fill the U.S. Capacity Gap, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania: August 2010 Keohane ...Robert 0. and Nye , JosephS., Power and Interdependence, third edition, New York, New York: Longman Press, 2001 Krause, Michael D. and Phillips, R. Cody

  14. The effects of joint torque, pace and work:rest ratio on powered hand tool operations.

    PubMed

    Lin, Jia-Hua; McGorry, Raymond W; Maikala, Rammohan V

    2012-01-01

    Repetitive use of hand-held power tools is associated with work-related upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders. Using a pneumatic nutrunner, 21 men completed twelve 360 repetitive fastener-driving sessions on three joints (hard, soft and control) at slow and fast pace, and two different work:rest patterns. Handgrip force and perceived exertions were collected throughout each session. For the control joint, the mean grip force exerted was 39.6% of maximum voluntary exertion (MVE) whereas during hard and soft joint sessions it was 48.9% MVE and 56.9% MVE, respectively. Throughout each session, the grip force decreased, more while operating soft and hard joints as compared with the control joint (regression slope: -0.022 and -0.023, compared with -0.007 N/drive, respectively), suggesting considerable upper extremity muscular effort by participants during torque buildup. Fast work pace resulted in higher average grip forces by participants but a greater decrease in the force as the session progressed. Providing rest breaks reduced perceived exertions. The findings gain additional knowledge for assembly task design to possibly reduce the hand/arm injury risks for the operator. Practitioner Summary: Powered hand tools are widely used in assembly and manufacturing industries. However, the nature of their repetitive use on human operator biomechanical and perceptual responses is not fully understood. This study examined work-related risk factors such as joint torque, pace and work:rest ratios on powered hand tool performance.

  15. The Potential Scope for Use of Private Military Companies in Military Operations: An Historical and Economical Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-12-01

    Anthony Mockler, The New Mercenaries, (New York: Paragon House, 1987), p. 15. 6 Andre Corvisier, A Dictionary of Military History and the Art of War...final foreign free company on the Italian peninsula was that of the Bretons . Hereafter, the Italian states only employed Italian mercenaries, which...War.80 F. CONDOTTIERI After the defeat of the Bretons in 1380, foreign-born free companies ceased to exist in Italy.81 Hereafter, in an attempt to

  16. The Impact of Political-Military Relations on the Use of German Military Power during Operation Barbarossa

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-15

    Military Writings, trans. and ed. Robert T. Foley (London, England: Frank Cass Publishers 2003), 188. 22In March 1920 Colonel Bauer and Wolfgang Kapp...and Magna Bauer , Moscow to Stalingrad: Decision in the East (St. Petersburg, FL: Hailer Publishing, 2006), 14. 5Matthew Cooper, The German Army...War, 1941-45 (New York, NY: Praeger Publishers, 1971), 40. 7Earl Ziemke and Magna Bauer , Moscow to Stalingrad: Decision in the East (St. Petersburg

  17. A New Approach for Measuring the Operational Value of Intelligence for Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-01-01

    FMR FLOT Movement Rate FORSCOM Forces Command FSE Fire Support Element XdXi xm Acronyms G2 Intelligence Staff Office G3 Operations Staff Office GBCS...model is used to identify, locate, and track enemy units, according to events and to record the times of those events, with the aid of multilayer ...cohesion DLR (defender loss rate) ER (exchange rate) FMR (FLOT movement rate) [ ED loss rate Fraction taken map Troop tank ED Troop mech ED Troop inf ED

  18. Hurricane Relief Operations in the Caribbean: Is the Use of the Military in Hurricane Relief Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Caribbean hurricanes are a type of tropical cyclone . They originate in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa and affect the Caribbean and 2 the...that will prove to be more suitable in disaster relief situations. Matthew Yarrow also shares Dynes’ view. He believes that soldiers are ill-suited... Haiti operations, in part due to the battalion commander’s lack of authority over troops from different countries. However, the performance of the

  19. Interior noise and vibration measurements on operational military helicopters and comparisons with various ride quality criteria

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clevenson, S. A.; Leatherwood, J. D.; Hollenbaugh, D. D.

    1983-08-01

    The results of physical measurements of the interior noise and vibration obtained within eight operational military helicopters are presented. The data were extensively analyzed and are presented in the following forms: noise and vibration spectra, overall root-mean-square acceleration levels in three linear axes, peak accelerations at dominant blade passage frequencies, acceleration exceedance data, and overall and ""A'' weighted sound pressure levels. Peak acceleration levels were compared to the ISO 1-hr reduced comfort and fatigue decreased proficiency boundaries and the NASA discomfort criteria. The ""A'' weighted noise levels were compared to the NASA annoyance criteria, and the overall noise spectra were compared to MIL-STD-1294 (""Acoustical Noise Limits in Helicopters''). Specific vibration components at blade passage frequencies for several aircraft exceeded both the ISO reduced comfort boundary and the NASA passenger discomfort criteria. The ""A'' weighted noise levels, corrected for SPH-4 helmet attenuation characteristics, exceeded the NASA annoyance threshold for several aircraft.

  20. Interior noise and vibration measurements on operational military helicopters and comparisons with various ride quality criteria

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clevenson, S. A.; Leatherwood, J. D.; Hollenbaugh, D. D.

    1983-01-01

    The results of physical measurements of the interior noise and vibration obtained within eight operational military helicopters are presented. The data were extensively analyzed and are presented in the following forms: noise and vibration spectra, overall root-mean-square acceleration levels in three linear axes, peak accelerations at dominant blade passage frequencies, acceleration exceedance data, and overall and ""A'' weighted sound pressure levels. Peak acceleration levels were compared to the ISO 1-hr reduced comfort and fatigue decreased proficiency boundaries and the NASA discomfort criteria. The ""A'' weighted noise levels were compared to the NASA annoyance criteria, and the overall noise spectra were compared to MIL-STD-1294 (""Acoustical Noise Limits in Helicopters''). Specific vibration components at blade passage frequencies for several aircraft exceeded both the ISO reduced comfort boundary and the NASA passenger discomfort criteria. The ""A'' weighted noise levels, corrected for SPH-4 helmet attenuation characteristics, exceeded the NASA annoyance threshold for several aircraft.

  1. Joint Operations in the American Civil War: Blessings and Blunders

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-04

    land by holding, occupying, and possessing federal property in the South.10 In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow countrymen, and not in mine , is the...western Rebel states – Arkansas , Louisiana, and Texas – from the Confederate Capital of Richmond, and 3) support land-based operations by amphibious...forces. Napoleon abandoned his 13 objective of a decisive engagement with the Russians and forced them to fight. Although Napoleon gained his

  2. Barriers, Obstacles, and Mine Warfare for Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-04-26

    which are designed directly to meet challenges from barriers , obstacles , land mines, and other explosive hazards. These three are breaching operations...Provide Security . Barriers , obstacles , and minefields can be used in critical areas along the flanks of advancing forces to restrict enemy attacks. At...flank security . Shallows, reefs, and other maritime hazards can be used at sea. Existing barriers and obstacles can be strengthened with reinforcing

  3. Operational Physical Performance and Fitness in Military Women: Physiological, Musculoskeletal Injury, and Optimized Physical Training Considerations for Successfully Integrating Women Into Combat-Centric Military Occupations.

    PubMed

    Nindl, Bradley C; Jones, Bruce H; Van Arsdale, Stephanie J; Kelly, Karen; Kraemer, William J

    2016-01-01

    This article summarizes presentations from a 2014 United States Department of Defense (DoD) Health Affairs Women in Combat symposium addressing physiological, musculoskeletal injury, and optimized physical training considerations from the operational physical performance section. The symposium was held to provide a state-of-the-science meeting on the U.S. DoD's rescinding of the ground combat exclusion policy opening up combat-centric occupations to women. Physiological, metabolic, body composition, bone density, cardiorespiratory fitness, and thermoregulation differences between men and women were briefly reviewed. Injury epidemiological data are presented within military training and operational environments demonstrating women to be at a higher risk for musculoskeletal injuries than men. Physical training considerations for improved muscle strength and power, occupational task performance, load carriage were also reviewed. Particular focus of this article was given to translating physiological and epidemiological findings from the literature on these topics toward actionable guidance and policy recommendations for military leaders responsible for military physical training doctrine: (1) inclusion of resistance training with special emphasis on strength and power development (i.e., activation of high-threshold motor units and recruitment of type II high-force muscle fibers), upper-body strength development, and heavy load carriage, (2) moving away from "field expediency" as the major criteria for determining military physical training policy and training implementation, (3) improvement of load carriage ability with emphasis placed on specific load carriage task performance, combined with both resistance and endurance training, and (4) providing greater equipment resources, coaching assets, and increased training time dedicated to physical readiness training.

  4. Coordinated ground system for joint science operations for the ExoMars2016 TGO mission.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nazarov, Vladimir; Heather, David; Frew, David; Eismont, Natan; Manaud, Nicolas; Ledkov, Anton; Nazirov, Ravil; Metcalfe, Leo; Cardesin, Alejandro; Konoplev, Veniamin; Korotkov, Fedor; Batanov, Oleg; Brumfitt, Jon; Alvarez, Rub; Martin, Patrick; Melnik, Anton; Tretiakov, Alexey; Villacorta, Antonio

    International collaboration is increasingly important for space science missions, often requiring joint operations activity. Such an approach is extremely important for studies of planets and other bodies of the Solar system that usually require high budget for their realization. In addition, as the development of international payloads for such missions is a well-established practice, the establishment of common ground systems for joint science operations is an important feature. Benefits of such an approach are evident: • More science return • Reduced the cost • More redundancy • Technology exchange But on the other hand, common systems for joint operations pose some specific difficulties, such as: • Different review procedures in the developing organisations • Incompatible documentation structures (“document tree”) • A risk of producing a “multiheaded dragon” (inefficient/duplicated task distributions) • Different base technologies • Language problems This article describes approaches for resolving these problems on the basis of the coordinated system for joint science operations for the ExoMars2016 mission, which is at the design stage now. The architecture of the system, the scenario of distributed but joint data management, as well as some methodological and technological aspects, will be discussed

  5. A Simulation to Evaluate Joint Military Logistics in a Humanitarian Assistance Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-01

    THESIS Presented to the Faculty Department of Operational Science Graduate School of Engineering and Management Air Force...Science in Logistics and Supply Chain Management Ryan S. Fisher, BS Captain, USAF March 2012 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: APPROVED...Group CRN Common Random Numbers DOE Design Of Experiments ETMSC Enhanced Traffic Management System Counts EXPO Exponential FAA Federal Aviation

  6. National Policies for Military Unmanned Systems That Implement Joint Fires Missions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    systems, and provide critiques of the technologies, systems, and operating concepts being explored. One such article is George Galdorisi’s “The Dark Side...While articles on unmanned systems are widely produced by the media, the reports from research and academic institutions tend to consolidate these...3 Significance of the Problem ............................................................................................ 6 Research

  7. A Primer on Fire Support for Joint Special Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-04-15

    been "a battery commander with the 99th Field Artillery (Pack) at Fort Hoyle , Maryland." 3 7 The addition of the provisional cannon company to the Force...gatherer for special operations.143 ROLE OF THE FIRE SUPPORT OFFICER During a recent interview, Major General Fred F. Marty, Commandant of the Field...143. Ibid., 722-724. 144. Fred F. Marty, Major General, U.S. Army, Commandant of the U.S. Army Field Artillery School, Fort Sill, Oklahoma, interview by

  8. Operative treatment of cervicobrachialgia and vertigo due to uncovertebral joint arthritis.

    PubMed

    Del Sasso, L; Mondini, A; Brambilla, S; Pampuri, M; Martini, P

    1991-12-01

    In the field of cervical spondylosis, cervicobrachialgia caused by uncovertebral joint arthritis has been well defined and classified, as it is seen quite commonly in clinical practice. Non-operative treatment relieves the symptoms in most cases. Operative treatment is used when the neurovascular structures are involved and the patient does not respond to conservative treatment. The authors present the surgical technique they employed on 38 patients with neck and arm pain due to uncovertebral joint arthritis, and they report the long-term results.

  9. Selection of stirling engine parameter and modes of joint operation with the Topaz II

    SciTech Connect

    Kirillov, E.Y.; Ogloblin, B.G.; Shalaev, A.I.

    1996-03-01

    In addition to a high-temperature thermionic conversion cycle, application of a low-temperature machine cycle, such as the Stirling engine, is being considered. To select the optimum mode for joint operation of the Topaz II system and Stirling engine, output electric parameters are obtained as a function of thermal power released in the TFE fuel cores. The hydraulic diagram used for joint operation of the Topaz II and the Stirling engine is considered. Requirements to hydraulic characteristics of the Stirling engine heat exchanges are formulated. Scope of necessary modifications to mount the Stirling Engine on the Topaz II is estimated. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  10. U.S. Army Helicopters and U.S. Air Force Expeditionary Forces: Implications for Halting Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-06-01

    tried and proven day and night tank killer with excellent tactical range, target standoff and loiter time. Its capabilities enhance, complement, and...in Military Operations Jan S. Breemer, December 2000 20 Using Lasers in Space: Laser Orbital Debris Removal and Asteroid Deflection Jonathan W

  11. Lead Turning the Fight: The Joint Operational Access Concept and Joint Doctrine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    seize to create a JDN is Gaining and Maintaining Access ( GAMA ). Prepared by the Army and Marine Corps, this concept recognizes emerging AD trends...identified in the JOAC. It is a logical extension in the scope of operations designed to seize a lodgment, currently only discussed in JP 3-18. GAMA ...transparency combined with the instantaneous transmission of information around the world.”29 The central idea of GAMA is to “contribute to the

  12. Joint Space Operations Center (JSpOC) Mission System (JMS)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morton, M.; Roberts, T.

    2011-09-01

    US space capabilities benefit the economy, national security, international relationships, scientific discovery, and our quality of life. Realizing these space responsibilities is challenging not only because the space domain is increasingly congested, contested, and competitive but is further complicated by the legacy space situational awareness (SSA) systems approaching end of life and inability to provide the breadth of SSA and command and control (C2) of space forces in this challenging domain. JMS will provide the capabilities to effectively employ space forces in this challenging domain. Requirements for JMS were developed based on regular, on-going engagement with the warfighter. The use of DoD Architecture Framework (DoDAF) products facilitated requirements scoping and understanding and transferred directly to defining and documenting the requirements in the approved Capability Development Document (CDD). As part of the risk reduction efforts, the Electronic System Center (ESC) JMS System Program Office (SPO) fielded JMS Capability Package (CP) 0 which includes an initial service oriented architecture (SOA) and user defined operational picture (UDOP) along with force status, sensor management, and analysis tools. Development efforts are planned to leverage and integrate prototypes and other research projects from Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Air Force Research Laboratories, Space Innovation and Development Center, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology/Lincoln Laboratories. JMS provides a number of benefits to the space community: a reduction in operational “transaction time” to accomplish key activities and processes; ability to process the increased volume of metric observations from new sensors (e.g., SBSS, SST, Space Fence), as well as owner/operator ephemerides thus enhancing the high accuracy near-real-time catalog, and greater automation of SSA data sharing supporting collaboration with government, civil, commercial, and foreign

  13. Joint Task Force East and Shared Military Basing in Romania and Bulgaria (Occasional Paper, Number 21)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-08-01

    effectiveness in carrying out their full range of required tasks and missions. As expressed by Maj. Gen. Mircea Savu, Director of Operations at the...President Traian Basescu (who famously proposed a “Bucharest-London-Washington axis” in security policy) and Prime Minister Calin Tariceanu, both elected...on the key issues at stake. At the same time, the steadily-deteriorating relations between President Basescu and Prime Minister Tariceanu

  14. Redefining Information Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    ndupress .ndu.edu issue 69, 2 nd quarter 2013 / JFQ 109 W hether it is strategic com -munication, information operations, or cyberspace operations...Force continues to increase the number of behavioral influence analysts, integrating them into joint com - mands.3 In August 2012, the Joint Forces...previously known as psychological operations, electronic warfare, and military deception. This change should benefit the force. First, it allows the com

  15. Converting a commercial electric direct-drive robot to operate from joint torque commands

    SciTech Connect

    Muir, P.F.

    1991-07-01

    Many robot control algorithms for high performance in-contact operations including hybrid force/position, stiffness control and impedance control approaches require the command the joint torques. However, most commercially available robots do not provide joint torque command capabilities. The joint command at the user level is typically position or velocity and at the control developer level is voltage, current, or pulse-width, and the torque generated is a nonlinear function of the command and joint position. To enable the application of high performance in-contact control algorithms to commercially available robots, and thereby facilitate technology transfer from the robot control research community to commercial applications, an methodology has been developed to linearize the torque characteristics of electric motor-amplifier combinations. A four degree of freedom Adept 2 robot, having pulse-width modulation amplifiers and both variable reluctance and brushless DC motors, is converted to operate from joint torque commands to demonstrate the methodology. The commercial robot controller is replaced by a VME-based system incorporating special purpose hardware and firmware programmed from experimental data. The performance improvement is experimentally measured and graphically displayed using three-dimensional plots of torque vs command vs position. The average percentage torque deviation over the command and position ranges is reduced from as much as 76% to below 5% for the direct-drive joints 1, 2 and 4 and is cut by one half in the remaining ball-screw driven joint 3. Further, the torque deviation of the direct-drive joints drops below 2.5% if only the upper 90% of the torque range is considered. 23 refs., 20 figs., 2 tabs.

  16. Coup d’Oeil: Military Geography and the Operational Level of War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-05-16

    17566 School of Advanced Military Studies United States Army Command. and General Staff College SFort Leavenworth, Kansas Second Term 90-91 Approved...ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER(S) 6a. NAME OF PERFORMING ORGANIZATION |6b. OFFICE SYMBOL 7a. NAME OF MONITORING ORGANIZATION School of Advanced Military I...lsed until exhauited. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE All other~editir,ns are obsolete. URCLASSIFIT UNCLASSIFIED SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES

  17. Understanding the Links between Organized Crime and Terrorism in Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-15

    U.S. Army Command and General Staff College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE General...Standard Form 298 (Re . 8-98) v Prescribed by ANSI Std. Z39.18 ii MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE THESIS APPROVAL PAGE Name of Candidate...Page MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE THESIS APPROVAL PAGE ............. ii ABSTRACT

  18. A literature review of the military uses of silver-nylon dressings with emphasis on wartime operations.

    PubMed

    Barillo, David J; Pozza, Morano; Margaret-Brandt, Mary

    2014-12-01

    Medical support of military operations involves treatment of massive soft tissue wounds, thermal burns, open fractures, blast injuries and traumatic amputations under conditions that are often austere and far from supply lines. Military hospitals, as recently deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan, are designed and equipped for stabilization and rapid transfer of injured patients back to their home nation. These austere facilities are often tasked with the emergency or long-term treatment of local populations when injured or burned, further stressing the medical resupply system. Pathogens encountered in contemporary wartime practice are increasingly resistant to antibiotics. Ionic silver is bactericidal against a broad spectrum of bacteria, yeasts and fungi, has been utilized as a topical antiseptic for over 100 years, and has no known clinically-relevant resistance. Silver-nylon dressings, initially stocked in US military hospitals as a burn dressing, are now finding utility as a universal dressing for all types of combat wounds. Compared to conventional burn dressings, they are easier to transport and store, easier to use, and do not need to be changed as frequently, allowing for conservation of nursing resources. In this literature review, the recent military uses of silver-nylon dressings are examined. The stockpiling and use of silver-nylon as a universal military burn and wound dressing is advocated.

  19. Measurement and prediction of noise from low-altitude military aircraft operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barry, Bernard F.; Payne, Richard C.; Harris, Anthony L.; Weston, Ralph J.

    1992-04-01

    In response to the rapid growth in demand for information on noise levels around military airfields in the UK, NPL developed AIRNOISE, a mathematical model for computing aircraft noise contours. Since its first applications in 1981, the model has been used to determine zones of eligibility within the MoD compensation scheme. The model has been subject to continuous development, e.g., the incorporation of Harrier V/STOL operations. We have now extended the model to include noise from high-speed, low-level operations. The model predicts not only maximum levels but the complete time-history, so that the time-onset rate can be estimated. To aid refinement and validation of the model, a special exercise has been conducted in which Tornado, Harrier, Jaguar, Hawk, F-15 and F-16 aircraft have flown straight and level at heights between about 100 and 400 feet, at various speeds and engine power settings over an array of microphones. This paper describes the trial and the results obtained. The prediction model is outlined and comparisons made between predictions and measurements.

  20. Joint Chemical Defense for the Rear Battle: Main Operating Bases in NATO’s Central Region

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-04-01

    Specifically , the Air Force needs to develop a doctrine publications set to support air base operations the way Army Field Manuals 3-3. 3-4, 3-5, and 3...operational suitability of existing doctrine for joint, fiad site CUD opeoations. The Appendix will list specific problems using the following format...eyes and respiratory tract, a two-piece (jacket and pants) permeable overgarment (commonly called the Battle Dress Overgarment or BDO ) to protect the

  1. Advance Force Operations: The Middleweight Force’s Essential Role in the Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-18

    disclose if emplacements were manned or reveal carefully camouflaged machinegun positions: "Against an alert enemy the attacker will have to depend...Joint Chiefs of Staff and the primary responsibilities of the US Marine Corps.35 …the destruction of hostile weather and radar stations, destruction of...101 Interview with LTG Frank Helmick, XVIII Airborne Corps Commander during the 2011 US Army Reconnaissance Symposium . He commented that his AFO

  2. Technical and Operational Analysis of the Fortress Secure Wireless Access Bridge (ES-520) in Support of Tactical Military Coalition Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-01

    Media Access Control MANET Mobile Ad Hoc Networking Mbps Megabit per second MCA Multi-Channel Architecture MIL-STD Military Standard MIMO ...RESEARCH EFFORTS A. BACKGROUND The world of military communications is on the verge of massive and revolutionary change, from new generations of...and custom radio designs. This radio technology roadmap includes 802.11n Multiple-input multiple-output ( MIMO ), 4.9GHz WI-FI, etc [3]. 2. Mesh

  3. Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-17

    Familiar with the combat identification ( CID ) capability of both parties. (c) Able to speak the language of the command assigned. (d) Secure... CID , and is perishable. (8) Logistics. Multinational logistics is a challenge; however many issues can be resolved or mitigated by a thorough...guidance on antiterrorism, refer to JP 3-07.2, Antiterrorism. (7) CID is the process of attaining an accurate characterization of detected objects in the

  4. Comparative Occupational Survey of Civilian and Military Members in the Pavements Maintenance and Construction Equipment Operator Specialties. Final Report for Period 1 October 1975-30 October 1977.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowan, Douglas K.

    A study was conducted to analyze and compare the job performance of civil service and military pavements maintenance workers and construction equipment operators. A military sample of 2,675 and a civilian sample of 1,974 were surveyed by means of a job inventory checklist and relative time spent rating method. Of the three job types that were…

  5. Apparatus for maintaining aligment of a shrinking weld joint in an electron-beam welding operation

    DOEpatents

    Trent, J.B.; Murphy, J.L.

    1980-01-03

    The invention is directed to an apparatus for automatically maintaining a shrinking weld joint in alignement with an electron beam during an electron-beam multipass-welding operation. The apparatus utilizes a bias means for continually urging a workpiece-supporting face plate away from a carriage mounted base that rotatably supports the face plate. The extent of displacement of the face plate away from the base in indicative of the shrinkage occuring in the weld joint area. This displacement is measured and is used to move the base on the carriage a distance equal to one-half the displacement for aligning the weld joint with the electron beam during each welding pass.

  6. Apparatus for maintaining alignment of a shrinking weld joint in an electron-beam welding operation

    DOEpatents

    Trent, Jett B.; Murphy, Jimmy L.

    1981-01-01

    The present invention is directed to an apparatus for automatically maintaining a shrinking weld joint in alignment with an electron beam during an electron-beam multipass-welding operation. The apparatus utilizes a biasing device for continually urging a workpiece-supporting face plate away from a carriage mounted base that rotatably supports the face plate. The extent of displacement of the face plate away from the base is indicative of the shrinkage occuring in the weld joint area. This displacement is measured and is used to move the base on the carriage a distance equal to one-half the displacement for aligning the weld joint with the electron beam during each welding pass.

  7. Repeated concussion among U.S. military personnel during Operation Iraqi Freedom.

    PubMed

    MacGregor, Andrew J; Dougherty, Amber L; Morrison, Rosemary H; Quinn, Kimberly H; Galarneau, Michael R

    2011-01-01

    Concussions are a predominant injury of the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. The aims of this study were to describe repeated concussive events among U.S. military personnel injured in Operation Iraqi Freedom and examine subsequent healthcare utilization. We reviewed clinical records from the Expeditionary Medical Encounter Database to identify service members with repeat concussions. We abstracted demographic and injury-specific variables, calculated time between events, and identified healthcare utilization from electronic medical databases. Overall, 113 personnel experienced more than one concussion between 2004 and 2008. A majority of these incidents were blast related. The median time between events was 40 days, with 20% experiencing a second event within 2 weeks of the first and 87% within 3 months. Time between events was not associated with severity of the second event. Greater severity of the second concussive event was associated with higher postinjury utilization of mental health and neurology services. This study is one of the first to describe repeated concussions in a combat setting. We found that repeated concussions occur within a short interval among deployed personnel, although the effects of the first event are unclear. Further research is needed to define the effect of repeated concussions on the health of combat veterans.

  8. Emissions from open burning of simulated military waste from forward operating bases.

    PubMed

    Aurell, Johanna; Gullett, Brian K; Yamamoto, Dirk

    2012-10-16

    Emissions from open burning of simulated military waste from forward operating bases (FOBs) were extensively characterized as an initial step in assessing potential inhalation exposure of FOB personnel and future disposal alternatives. Emissions from two different burning scenarios, so-called "burn piles/pits" and an air curtain burner/"burn box", were compared using simulated FOB waste from municipal and commercial sources. A comprehensive array of emissions was quantified, including CO(2), PM(2.5), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and -furans (PCDDs/PCDFs), polybrominated dibenzodioxins and -furans (PBDDs/PBDFs), and metals. In general, smoldering conditions in the burn box and the burn pile led to similar emissions. However, when the burn box underwent periodic waste charging to maintain sustained combustion, PM(2.5), VOCs, and PAH emissions dropped considerably compared to smoldering conditions and the overall burn pile results. The PCDD/PCDF and PBDD/PBDF emission factors for the burn piles were 50 times higher than those from the burn box likely due to the dominance of smoldering combustion in the burn piles.

  9. Multinational Operations (REV)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-07

    military operations with an acceptable level of risk . See JP 3-0, Joint Operations, and JP 4-02, Health Service Support, for information on planning...perform their mission. It will also ensure that the associated risks in utilizing contingency contracting support (force protection, health issues...Support ............................................................................................. III-36 • Health Service Support

  10. An Approach and Framework to Synchronize Joint Exercises and Training with Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-06

    supported by an open and free international economic system, and upheld by fundamental human rights and each nation’s responsibilities.13 As budgets...aligned with China, such as Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar , the relief effort sends the message that the United States remains the biggest power in the...disasters and transnational threats such as trafficking , piracy, proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD), terrorism, cyber-aggression, and

  11. Army Support of Military Cyberspace Operations: Joint Contexts and Global Escalation Implications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    The ultimate deterrent remains nuclear forces, which would continue to be a mix of weapons delivered by aircraft and land- and sea-based ballistic ...Regional CERTs respectively, 1st IO CMD provides critical cyberspace all-source intel- ligence support, testing of the network defenses, network forensic

  12. Intelligence Support to Civil-Military Operations: The Application of Joint Doctrine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-04

    changes mandated by 27 MSgt Mark Haviland , USAF, “After Katrina: ACC’s Intel Team Applies... Haviland , Mark, MSgt, USAF. “After Katrina: ACC’s Intel Team Applies Lessons Learned.” Air Force Print News (31 August 2006): 1-2

  13. Development of a Joint Operation Planning and Execution System Army Military Occupational Specialty

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-11

    JOPES Branch E6 25B JOPS Team Chief Army Central ASCC Future Plans Division JOPES Branch E6 88N Transportation Management Army Central ASCC Future...Plans Division JOPES Branch E5 25B Senior JOPS Analyst Army Central ASCC Future Plans Division JOPES Branch E4 25B JOPS Analyst Army Central ASCC G4...Plans JOPES Section E4 25B JOPS Analyst US Army Europe ASCC Main Command Post Manuever Plans JOPES Section E3 25B JOPS Analyst US Army Europe ASCC

  14. Army Medical Support in Operations Other Than War: Opportunity for Civil-Military Cooperation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-04-07

    Chiefs of Staff, General John M . Shalikashvili is reported to have said, “We have a capacity like almost no one else to help with tragedies of a...and NGOs often request support from the military. As Steve Henthorne has said, “The military has assets that most NGOs can only dream about!”39 When...October 1994), 1-6. 4 Gaines M . Foster, The Demands of Humanity: Army Medical Disaster Relief (Washington, D.C.: US Army Center of Military History

  15. Automated ambulatory assessment of cognitive performance, environmental conditions, and motor activity during military operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lieberman, Harris R.; Kramer, F. Matthew; Montain, Scott J.; Niro, Philip; Young, Andrew J.

    2005-05-01

    Until recently scientists had limited opportunities to study human cognitive performance in non-laboratory, fully ambulatory situations. Recently, advances in technology have made it possible to extend behavioral assessment to the field environment. One of the first devices to measure human behavior in the field was the wrist-worn actigraph. This device, now widely employed, can acquire minute-by-minute information on an individual"s level of motor activity. Actigraphs can, with reasonable accuracy, distinguish sleep from waking, the most critical and basic aspect of human behavior. However, rapid technologic advances have provided the opportunity to collect much more information from fully ambulatory humans. Our laboratory has developed a series of wrist-worn devices, which are not much larger then a watch, which can assess simple and choice reaction time, vigilance and memory. In addition, the devices can concurrently assess motor activity with much greater temporal resolution then the standard actigraph. Furthermore, they continuously monitor multiple environmental variables including temperature, humidity, sound and light. We have employed these monitors during training and simulated military operations to collect information that would typically be unavailable under such circumstances. In this paper we will describe various versions of the vigilance monitor and how each successive version extended the capabilities of the device. Samples of data from several studies are presented, included studies conducted in harsh field environments during simulated infantry assaults, a Marine Corps Officer training course and mechanized infantry (Stryker) operations. The monitors have been useful for documenting environmental conditions experienced by wearers, studying patterns of sleep and activity and examining the effects of nutritional manipulations on warfighter performance.

  16. Moral Injury in Military Operations: A Review of the Literature and Key Considerations for the Canadian Armed Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-01

    that was linked to the Afghan mission. This paper focuses on a particular psychological aftermath of military operations, that which may be...concept of moral injury, formally defined as the psychological anguish that can result from“[p]erpetrating, failing to prevent, bearing witness to...moral injuries, which in turn, are associated with a wide range of damaging psychological , interpersonal, occupational and life threatening outcomes for

  17. A Present Value-Unit Cost Methodology for Evaluating Wastewater Reclamation and Direct Reuse at a Military Base of Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1974-12-01

    KEY WORDS (Conllnut on rtvtrt^ tldt II ntctttmry mnd Idtntlly by block numbtr) Waslewater reciainalion Wat(;r renovation Water reuse Present...applied to a water supply problem typical for a military operation. A relevant unit cost figure, called the "present value-unit cost" (PVUC), is...determined and applied to alternative methods for meeting a projected need for water . The concepls of reclamation am! dual supply systems are

  18. The Belgian Concept of Social-Psychological Support of Families of Military Personnel Deployed in Crisis Response Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-01

    e.g.: midlife crisis , retirement) • Social difficulties after the breakdown of a relationship or an illness, death, unexpected event (e.g...RTO-MP-HFM-134 37 - 1 The Belgian Concept of Social-Psychological Support of Families of Military Personnel Deployed in Crisis Response...Brussels BELGIUM Philippe.Manigart@rma.ac.be, Jean-Francois.Fils@rma.ac.be ABSTRACT With the multiplication of crisis response operations carried out

  19. [The Sauvé-Kapandji operation in the treatment of traumatic disorder of the distal radioulnar joint].

    PubMed

    Fousek, J; Klézl, Z

    2000-08-01

    The authors describe in a group of 22 patients their experience with Sauvé-Kapandji's operation in posttraumatic damage of the distal radioulnar joint. They analyze the causes of affection of the distal radioulnar joint, discuss the functional anatomy of this joint and describe the technique of operation. In the discussion they deal with possible complications and analyze in detail their results. They suggest a pattern of evaluation of the results of surgery based on objective and subjective findings. In the conclusion they mention the satisfactory results of this operation if the correct surgical technique is used and careful indication of the operation is made.

  20. Joint chemical defense for the rear battle: main operating bases in NATO's central region. Student report

    SciTech Connect

    Salmi, M.D.

    1988-04-01

    In 1984, the Chiefs of Staff of the US Army and the US Air Force signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) outlining a concept for the joint air defense of overseas air bases. With little previous experience in joint rear-area operations, problems were bound to occur, especially in the area of chemical warfare defense (CWD). The Army bases its CWD doctrine on the concept of maneuver while the Air Force bases its doctrine on being tied to air bases with little or no capability to avoid chemical attacks. Each Service developed its doctrine to support its operational concept. This study compared and contrasted the CWD doctrine of the Army and the Air Force. If found a great deal of commonality exists; however, there are also several problems which could lead to death, injury, and degradation of sortie generation capability.

  1. Military Communications with Special Focus on Tactical Communications for Network Centric Operations (Les communications militaires, et plus particulierement les communications tactiques pour les operations reseaux-centrees)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-01

    six groupes apparentés : Radio logicielle (SDR), Gestion de réseaux et de ressources , Performances, Communications urbaines, Sécurité, et Futurs...MP-IST-083 Military Communications with Special Focus on Tactical Communications for Network Centric Operations (Les communications militaires...et plus particulièrement les communications tactiques pour les opérations réseaux-centrées) Papers presented at the RTO Information Systems

  2. Optimization-Based Routing and Scheduling of IED-Detection Assets in Contemporary Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-01

    Mechanical Engineering United States Military Academy, 1998 SUBMITTED TO THE SLOAN SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS OF...E. Marks Submitted to the Sloan School of Management on 14 May 2009, in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of...explosive charge and, often, some type of shrapnel. A paint can filled with home-made explosives, nuts and bolts achieves this effect. Military

  3. Transforming and Relevant: Military Police in the Operating Forces-A Paradigm Shift for the Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-04-01

    Printing Office, 11 February 1992), 1-1. Cited hereafter as U.S. Marine Corps FMFM 3-5; and Major William M. Webber , USMC, Head, Military Police Unit, HQMC...21 All organizational charts are taken from, Webber , subject: “FDP Organization Description for the...the MAGTF elements on respective core competencies, and organizes CSS to more effectively support the warfighter, see Webber , “Military Police

  4. Reconsidering Military Support to Counterdrug Operations Along the U.S.-Mexico Border

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-11

    along the U.S.-Mexico border are not necessarily military in nature, have not been effective , are hampered by the requirement to maintain a free flow...military in nature, have not been effective , are hampered by the requirement to maintain a free flow of trade with Mexico, and prevent the proper...tremendous economic impact. According to Fernando Romero, the average U.S. citizen pays $300 annually in taxes to offset the effects of drug related crimes

  5. Nutrition for Health and Performance: Nutritional Guidance for Military Operations in Temperate and Extreme Environments

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-02-01

    contractors manufacture approved ration items for the military- Rations are made from "real foods" (commercially grown and processed). Commercial...brand name foods and military ration items are often very similar. In most cases, the manufacturers prepare the actual food product just as they would for...sweet at altitude, so foods that are too sweet at sea level may taste better at altitude Suggested snacks are raisins and other dried fruits, yogurt

  6. Proceedings of Military Operations Research Symposia (Index) Volume 3. 31st through 40th inclusive

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-11-01

    health sciences. 36-34 deFlorio Barbara J (with Bernard Kornhauser), Value of Ellefsen Richard (with B Coffland and G Orr). Phyvsical close air support...LEsnman and Gus C Lee). Market Hlartman James K (with NK Weiner), Auditing cost- analysis for military volunteers: education and health effecilveness...effectiveness (WGR). 35- analysis for military volunteers: education and health 143 sciences. 36-34 Mar-shall Robert D (with WA Brown and JE Lupo. Lehowicz

  7. Effect of commercial and military performance requirements for transport category aircraft on space shuttle booster design and operation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bithell, R. A.; Pence, W. A., Jr.

    1972-01-01

    The effect of two sets of performance requirements, commercial and military, on the design and operation of the space shuttle booster is evaluated. Critical thrust levels are established according to both sets of operating rules for the takeoff, cruise, and go-around flight modes, and the effect on engine requirements determined. Both flyback and ferry operations are considered. The impact of landing rules on potential shuttle flyback and ferry bases is evaluated. Factors affecting reserves are discussed, including winds, temperature, and nonstandard flight operations. Finally, a recommended set of operating rules is proposed for both flyback and ferry operations that allows adequate performance capability and safety margins without compromising design requirements for either flight phase.

  8. Strategic Planning to Conduct Joint Force Network Operations: A Content Analysis of NETOPS Organizations Strategic Plans

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-01

    information dominance , Joint Network Operations (NETOPS) organizations need to be strategically aligned. As result, to enhance the capabilities-based effects of NETOPS and reduce our NETOP infrastructures susceptibility to compromise. Once the key organizations were identified, their strategic plans were analyzed using a structured content analysis framework. The results illustrated that the strategic plans were aligned with the community of interests tasking to conduct NETOPS. Further research is required into the strategic alignment beyond the strategic

  9. Nation Before Service: The Evolution of Joint Operations to a Capabilities-Based Mindset

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-01

    evolved, I next identify the components of the current presumptive anomaly that necessitate the adoption of a new paradigm. Through the evaluation of...the components of the current presumptive anomaly that necessitate the adoption of a new paradigm. Through the evaluation of the Joint Force’s...evolutionary shift in the understanding of inter-service operations, but has been desperately searching for a new paradigm for some time. Evaluation

  10. Information Technology Management: Global Command and Control System Joint Operation Planning and Execution System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Information Technology Management Department of Defense Office of the Inspector General April 15, 2003 AccountabilityIntegrityQuality Global Command...Dates Covered (from... to) - Title and Subtitle Information Technology Management : Global Command and Control System Joint Operation Planning and...September 7, 1999; “GCCS Strategic Plan 1999-2002,” December 27, 1999; “JOPES Strategic Plan,” April 2000; “ Information Technology Management Reform Act

  11. The Principle of Mass Understood: A Qualitative Analysis for the Operational Planner

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-31

    COMBAT EFFECTIVENESS, *MILITARY DOCTRINE, *MASS, *JOINT MILITARY ACTIVITIES, POSITION(LOCATION), MILITARY STRATEGY, THEORY, INTEGRATION, MILITARY CAPABILITIES, PRECISION, HISTORY, TIMELINESS, QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS .

  12. STS payloads mission control study continuation phase A-1. Volume 2-C, task 3: Identification of joint activities and estimation of resources in preparation for joint flight operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1976-01-01

    Payload mission control concepts are developed for real time flight operations of STS. Flight planning, training, simulations, and other flight preparations are included. Payload activities for the preflight phase, activity sequences and organizational allocations, and traffic and experience factors to establish composite man-loading for joint STS payload activities are identified for flight operations from 1980 to 1985.

  13. Joint operations planning for space surveillance missions on the MSX satellite

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stokes, Grant; Good, Andrew

    1994-01-01

    The Midcourse Space Experiment (MSX) satellite, sponsored by BMDO, is intended to gather broad-band phenomenology data on missiles, plumes, naturally occurring earthlimb backgrounds and deep space backgrounds. In addition the MSX will be used to conduct functional demonstrations of space-based space surveillance. The JHU/Applied Physics Laboratory (APL), located in Laurel, MD, is the integrator and operator of the MSX satellite. APL will conduct all operations related to the MSX and is charged with the detailed operations planning required to implement all of the experiments run on the MSX except the space surveillance experiments. The non-surveillance operations are generally amenable to being defined months ahead of time and being scheduled on a monthly basis. Lincoln Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (LL), located in Lexington, MA, is the provider of one of the principle MSX instruments, the Space-Based Visible (SBV) sensor, and the agency charged with implementing the space surveillance demonstrations on the MSX. The planning timelines for the space surveillance demonstrations are fundamentally different from those for the other experiments. They are generally amenable to being scheduled on a monthly basis, but the specific experiment sequence and pointing must be refined shortly before execution. This allocation of responsibilities to different organizations implies the need for a joint mission planning system for conducting space surveillance demonstrations. This paper details the iterative, joint planning system, based on passing responsibility for generating MSX commands for surveillance operations from APL to LL for specific scheduled operations. The joint planning system, including the generation of a budget for spacecraft resources to be used for surveillance events, has been successfully demonstrated during ground testing of the MSX and is being validated for MSX launch within the year. The planning system developed for the MSX forms a

  14. Achieving Cross-Domain Synergy: Overcoming Service Barriers to Joint Force 2020

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-13

    Davis, Mr. Russ Crumrine, and Mr. Kevin Gentzler for their continued support during this lengthy process . Your prompt feedback and excellent guidance...and guiding me every step of the way. I know that this process has helped me to see the big picture and has developed my understanding of military...Component Commander JOAC Joint Operational Access Concept JOPP Joint Operational Planning Process JOPPA Joint Operational Planning Process Air

  15. Service and Joint Training: Lessons Learned from Recent Conflicts. Hearing before the Military Forces and Personnel Subcommittee of the Committee on Armed Services. House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Armed Services.

    This document contains the oral and written statements of persons whose testimony was presented before a Congressional hearing on training lessons learned from recent military conflicts. Principal witness was Mark E. Gebicke, Director of Military Operations and Capabilities Issues, National Security and International Affairs Division, U.S. General…

  16. Redefining Combat Mission Reporting in Contemporary Operations: Focusing the Air Component’s Process in Support of the Joint Warfighter

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-11

    REDEFINING COMBAT MISSION REPORTING IN CONTEMPORARY OPERATIONS: FOCUSING THE AIR COMPONENT’S PROCESS IN SUPPORT OF THE JOINT WARFIGHTER...Focusing the Air Component’s Process in Support of the Joint Warfighter 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6

  17. Geo-Environmental Change and the United States Military: How History Can Inform Future Arctic Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-17

    Middle East and South Asia ,‖ in USWB, 13.3.1981, 12. 177 Bowman and Lefebvre, ―The Indian Ocean,‖ in Dowdy and Trood, 421. 178 Larry W. Bowman...U.S. interests in the region varied over time, however. According to Ashok Kapur, ―In Middle East and South Asia military crises (1967, 1971, and...to East Asia emerged either in the State Department or the military,‖ and (4) ―the rapid decline of interest among the American public once most US

  18. Condition Greenlight: How World War II Airborne Operations Influence Joint Forcible Entry Operations Today

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-22

    supported by airborne operations, allowed the Allies to gain ground into Nazi occupied Europe. 39Warren, Airborne Missions in the Mediterranean, 33...destroy the German armed forces, and defeat the Nazi Reich. The campaign to regain Western Europe and attack toward Nazi Germany was daunting but...tactical air forces rendered the Germans ineffective. On June 7, Hitler and his generals began moving the 2 SS Panzer Division from southern France to

  19. A Question of Balance: Metrics or Art for Joint Force Decision-Making?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-23

    1 William J. Hartig, “Problem Solving and the Military Professional,” Joint Military Operations...The chapter identifies the contribution of William Lind and other civilian reformers that were integral to a professional debate over Army doctrine... William S. Murray, “A Will to Measure - Measures of Effectiveness in Military Decision-making,” Parameters (Autumn 2001), 1. http://www.carlisle.army.mil

  20. The Best of Both Worlds: Psychiatry Training at Combined Civilian-Military Programs.

    PubMed

    Welton, Randon S; Hamaoka, Derrick A; Broderick, Pamela J; Schillerstrom, Jason E

    2015-08-01

    Air Force psychiatry faces the task of training competent military psychiatrists in an era of continuing reductions. Beginning in the 1980s, the Air Force started collaborating with University partners to create hybrid training programs, civilian-military psychiatry residencies. These mergers provide stability for Air Force psychiatry training in the face of increased operational missions and uncertain military recruiting. As a result of these combined programs, Air Force psychiatry residents gain access to a broader range of civilian clinical experience and expertise while maintaining a focus on distinctive military requirements. The combining of programs opens up options for academic activities which may not have otherwise existed. Both military and civilian residents benefit from the occupational psychiatry experiences available within military clinical sites. These programs give civilian residents a chance to assist active duty members and their families and provide insight into the military "lifecycle." These collaborations benefit the universities by providing access to a larger pool of residents and faculty. The synthesis of the military and civilian programs raises some ongoing obstacles such as civilian residents' ability to gain access to military resources. The programs must also accommodate separate mechanisms for selecting residents (the National Residency Matching Program versus the Joint Selection Board for Graduate Medical Education). Military residents must also comply with military standards and requirements while maintaining the universities' standards of conduct and professionalism. Merging military training programs into university programs creates a vibrant opportunity to create exceptional military and civilian psychiatrists.

  1. Electronic Warfare: Rethinking the Importance of Its Role In Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-10

    Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Aug 2010), 21. 25 Control Center (JEMSCC), the Joint Electronic Warfare Center (JEWC) and the Joint...the new EW mindset should be. 2 Elsworth, Adam T., Electronic Warfare (New York: Nova ...Adam T., Electronic Warfare. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Aug 2010. Ettrich, Brian B., “The Principles of War: Are They Still

  2. [Sacroiliac joint dysfunction with groin pain after an operation for lumbar spinal disorder. A case report].

    PubMed

    Shimoda, Yusuke; Morimoto, Daijiro; Isu, Toyohiko; Motegi, Hiroaki; Imai, Tetsuaki; Matsumoto, Ryouji; Isobe, Masanori; Kim, Kyongsong; Sugawara, Atsushi

    2010-11-01

    A 75-year-old male presented with groin pain after an operation to treat lumbar spondylolisthesis (L5). Groin tenderness was localized to the medial border of the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS). Radiographical and physical examination raised the suspicion of sacroiliac joint (SIJ) dysfunction. Injection of a painkiller into the SIJ relieved symptoms, including groin tenderness. Symptoms improved gradually, and finally disappeared after five SIJ injections. Groin pain has been reported as a referred symptom of SIJ dysfunction in 9.3-23% of patients. Prior to the patient undergoing surgery to treat lumbar spondylolisthesis, SIJ dysfunction had not been noted on physical examination. Long periods spent in the abnormal posture due to lumbar spondylolisthesis induced SIJ stress. After the operation, an improvement in daily activity actually increased stress on the SIJ, resulting in SIJ dysfunction. Certain pathologies, including SIJ dysfunction, should be considered as residual symptoms after operations for lumbar spinal diseases.

  3. Technology and Command: Implications for Military Operations in the Twenty-First Century

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-07-01

    execution.” The feat is that involving high- level commanders in tactical decisions will discourage the initiative of the “commander on the spot,” and...technology has become the ultimate prosthesis .” xx. Carl H. Builder, “Five Faces of the Service Personalities,” The Masks of War: American Military

  4. A Model to Transform NATO’s Operational Level Military Capabilities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-01

    Dr. Matthias Dembinski leads a project “The International Organization for a Democratic Peace” funded by the German Society for Peace Research...32 Martin Dembinski , Eine Zukunft fuer die NATO, (Frankfurt, Germany: Hessische Stiftung...to restore and maintain the security of the North Atlantic Area. .. .” 34 Dembinski , 5. 35 The EU sees the use of military in the lower end of

  5. Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Petroleum Equipment and Technical Operations, QM0142, 19-5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

    This subcourse containg lesson assignments, lesson texts, and programmed reviews covers the most frequently used equipment for transporting and storing petroleum products from the time they are purchased until they are consumed by the user. The course is one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to…

  6. Challenges in Utilising Key Leader Engagement in Civil-Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    experience from Afghanistan represented different organisations: Swedish Armed Forces (SwAF), Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency ( Sida ...with Swedish civil and military personnel • Extensive experience from several missions, focus on Afghanistan • Organisations: SwAF, Sida , SAK and

  7. Charter Schools: Guidance Needed for Military Base Schools on Startup and Operational Issues

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-02-01

    offers a buddy program for military-connected students transferring into the school, a self - esteem program, and a support group for students with a...MasterCard, Visa, check, or money order. Call for additional information. Connect with GAO on Facebook , Flickr, Twitter, and YouTube. Subscribe

  8. Unicompartmental knee arthroplasties implanted for osteoarthritis with partial loss of joint space have high re-operation rates.

    PubMed

    Niinimäki, Tuukka T; Murray, David W; Partanen, Juha; Pajala, Ari; Leppilahti, Juhana I

    2011-12-01

    The indications and contraindications for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) are controversial. The aim of the study was to determine the risk factors for re-operation in our practice. A series of 113 medial UKAs with mean follow-up of 63 months were reviewed retrospectively. Pre-operatively all knees had radiographic or arthroscopic evidence of severe cartilage damage. The re-operation rate was not related to age, gender, arthroscopic finding or body mass index. It was related to the joint space on pre-operative standing weight bearing radiographs taken in extension. The re-operation rate was 6 (95% CI 2.1-17, P<0.001) times higher when the thickness of the pre-operative medial joint space was >2 mm rather than ≤2 mm. It was 8 (95% CI 2.8-22.5, P<0.001) times higher when the thickness of the pre-operative medial space was >40% of the thickness of the lateral space. The ratio of pre-operative joint spaces has a greater influence on revision rate than the absolute measurement and is independent of radiographic magnification or the patient's normal cartilage thickness. We therefore recommend that, in medial knee osteoarthritis, UKA should only be used if the pre-operative medial joint space on standing radiographs is ≤40% of the lateral joint space, even if severe cartilage damage is seen arthroscopically.

  9. Static Analysis of Large-Scale Multibody System Using Joint Coordinates and Spatial Algebra Operator

    PubMed Central

    Omar, Mohamed A.

    2014-01-01

    Initial transient oscillations inhibited in the dynamic simulations responses of multibody systems can lead to inaccurate results, unrealistic load prediction, or simulation failure. These transients could result from incompatible initial conditions, initial constraints violation, and inadequate kinematic assembly. Performing static equilibrium analysis before the dynamic simulation can eliminate these transients and lead to stable simulation. Most exiting multibody formulations determine the static equilibrium position by minimizing the system potential energy. This paper presents a new general purpose approach for solving the static equilibrium in large-scale articulated multibody. The proposed approach introduces an energy drainage mechanism based on Baumgarte constraint stabilization approach to determine the static equilibrium position. The spatial algebra operator is used to express the kinematic and dynamic equations of the closed-loop multibody system. The proposed multibody system formulation utilizes the joint coordinates and modal elastic coordinates as the system generalized coordinates. The recursive nonlinear equations of motion are formulated using the Cartesian coordinates and the joint coordinates to form an augmented set of differential algebraic equations. Then system connectivity matrix is derived from the system topological relations and used to project the Cartesian quantities into the joint subspace leading to minimum set of differential equations. PMID:25045732

  10. Static analysis of large-scale multibody system using joint coordinates and spatial algebra operator.

    PubMed

    Omar, Mohamed A

    2014-01-01

    Initial transient oscillations inhibited in the dynamic simulations responses of multibody systems can lead to inaccurate results, unrealistic load prediction, or simulation failure. These transients could result from incompatible initial conditions, initial constraints violation, and inadequate kinematic assembly. Performing static equilibrium analysis before the dynamic simulation can eliminate these transients and lead to stable simulation. Most exiting multibody formulations determine the static equilibrium position by minimizing the system potential energy. This paper presents a new general purpose approach for solving the static equilibrium in large-scale articulated multibody. The proposed approach introduces an energy drainage mechanism based on Baumgarte constraint stabilization approach to determine the static equilibrium position. The spatial algebra operator is used to express the kinematic and dynamic equations of the closed-loop multibody system. The proposed multibody system formulation utilizes the joint coordinates and modal elastic coordinates as the system generalized coordinates. The recursive nonlinear equations of motion are formulated using the Cartesian coordinates and the joint coordinates to form an augmented set of differential algebraic equations. Then system connectivity matrix is derived from the system topological relations and used to project the Cartesian quantities into the joint subspace leading to minimum set of differential equations.

  11. Method and apparatus for preloading a joint by remotely operable means

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kahn, Jon B. (Inventor)

    1993-01-01

    The invention is a method and apparatus for joining structures, an active structure and a passive structure, and imposing a tensile pre-load on the joint by a remotely operable mechanism comprising a heat contractible joining element. The method and apparatus include mounting on the structure, a probe shaft of material which is transformable from an expanded length to a contracted length when heated to a specific temperature range. The shaft is provided with a probe head which is receivable in a receptacle opening formed in the passive structure, when the active structure is moved into engagement therewith by an appropriate manipulator mechanism. A latching system mounted on the structure adjacent to the receptacle opening captures the probe head, when the probe head is inserted a predetermined amount. A heating coil on the shaft is energizable by remote control for heating the shaft to a temperature range which transforms the shaft to its contracted length, whereby a latching shoulder thereof engages latching elements of the latching system and imposes a tensile preload on the structural joint. Provision is also made for manually adjusting the probe head on the shaft to allow for manual detachment of the structures or manual preloading of the structural joint.

  12. Method and apparatus for preloading a joint by remotely operable means

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shelton, Robert O. (Inventor)

    1992-01-01

    The invention is a method and apparatus for joining structures, an active structure and a passive structure, and imposing a tensile pre-load on the joint by a remotely operable mechanism comprising a heat contractible joining element. The method and apparatus include mounting on the structure, a probe shaft of material which is transformable from an expanded length to a contracted length when heated to a specific temperature range. The shaft is provided with a probe head which is receivable in a receptacle opening formed in the passive structure, when the active structure is moved into engagement therewith by an appropriate manipulator mechanism. A latching system mounted on the structure adjacent to the receptacle opening captures the probe head, when the probe head is inserted a predetermined amount. A heating coil on the shaft is energizable by remote control for heating the shaft to a temperature range which transforms the shaft to its contracted length, whereby a latching shoulder thereof engages latching elements of the latching system and imposes a tensile preload on the structural joint. Provision is also made for manually adjusting the probe head on the shaft to allow for manual detachment of the structures or manual preloading of the structural joint.

  13. Joint Assessment of ETRR-2 Research Reactor Operations Program, Capabilities, and Facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Bissani, M; O'Kelly, D S

    2006-05-08

    A joint assessment meeting was conducted at the Egyptian Atomic Energy Agency (EAEA) followed by a tour of Egyptian Second Research Reactor (ETRR-2) on March 22 and 23, 2006. The purpose of the visit was to evaluate the capabilities of the new research reactor and its operations under Action Sheet 4 between the U.S. DOE and the EAEA, ''Research Reactor Operation'', and Action Sheet 6, ''Technical assistance in The Production of Radioisotopes''. Preliminary Recommendations of the joint assessment are as follows: (1) ETRR-2 utilization should be increased by encouraging frequent and sustained operations. This can be accomplished in part by (a) Improving the supply-chain management for fresh reactor fuel and alleviating the perception that the existing fuel inventory should be conserved due to unreliable fuel supply; and (b) Promulgating a policy for sample irradiation priority that encourages the use of the reactor and does not leave the decision of when to operate entirely at the discretion of reactor operations staff. (2) Each experimental facility in operation or built for a single purpose should be reevaluated to focus on those that most meet the goals of the EAEA strategic business plan. Temporary or long-term elimination of some experimental programs might be necessary to provide more focused utilization. There may be instances of emerging reactor applications for which no experimental facility is yet designed or envisioned. In some cases, an experimental facility may have a more beneficial use than the purpose for which it was originally designed. For example, (a) An effective Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) program requires nearby high quality medical facilities. These facilities are not available and are unlikely to be constructed near the Inshas site. Further, the BNCT facility is not correctly designed for advanced research and therapy programs using epithermal neutrons. (b) The ETRR-2 is frequently operated to provide color-enhanced gemstones but is

  14. Military Training Lands Historic Context: Training Village, Mock Sites, And Large Scale Operations Areas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    led by Colo- nel Rolfe at Fort Lewis, Washington, under little supervision from the war department. Two motels were rented at Mount Rainier , Washington...Bragg, NC, September 1952 (NARA College Park, RG 111-SC WWII, box 236, photo SC406849) 144 233 A 105 mm recoilless rifle mounted on a jeep during...179 290 Troopers going through phases of the military ski qualification course on Mt. Rainier . March 1942 (Jay, 1948, p 19) 182 291 Knees bent, ski

  15. Data-Driven Modeling of Target Human Behavior in Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-12

    variables specified in the theory into code (Loftin, Petty, McKenzie , & Gaskins, 2005; McKenzie , et al., 2008; Moya, McKenzie , & Nguyen, 2008...Loftin, R. B., Petty, M. D., McKenzie , F. D., & Gaskins, R. C. (2005). Modeling Crowd Behavior for Military Simulation Applications. In K. R. W...B. Rouse, Organizational Simulation (pp. 471-536). McKenzie , F. D., Petty, M. D., Kruszewski, P. A., Gaskins, R. C., Nguyen, Q. H., Seevinck, J

  16. The Supply of Pharmaceuticals in Humanitarian Assistance Missions: Implications for Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-08-01

    approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in support of these missions. 1 Regardless of the legal authority under which a military HA mission is...pro- hibit the donation of drugs that are expired or near their expi- ration date as these are considered adulterated products. Once TABLE I...http://www.usaid.gov/our_ work/cross-cutting_programs/private_voluntary_cooperation/denton guidelines.html ; accessed January 28, 2010 . 12. Food and

  17. Preparing The U.S. Air Force for Military Operations Other Than War,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-01-01

    chooses to embrace MOOTW and develop some of the technologies described in this report , air and space power could become the most versatile military...If the USAF chooses to embrace MOOTW and develop some of the technologies described in this report , air and space power could be- come the most...Stillion Äpprorsd ffti RAND The research reported here was sponsored by the United States Air Force under Contract F49642-96-C-0001. Further information

  18. Mind Games: Setting Conditions for Successful Counterinsurgency Military Information Support Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-12-01

    culturally and technologically. Second, both the United States and United Kingdom had closely linked military policy because of their common bonds...Now totaling six variables, the refined list used in this study is as follows: cultural knowledge, responsiveness to target audience feedback...on which to plan their actions. Such a framework would undoubtedly be based on their mission, but would have to include at least some cultural

  19. Study of the Military Intelligence Support to Domestic Law Enforcement in Counterdrug and Counterterrorism Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-08

    Director Dave Barton, Special Agent in-Charge James Capra , and Special Agents Ben McIntosh, Dean Yannacito and Stephen Bergeman for their perspectives...enforcement has definite ideas on how they want to utilize military support, which will be covered next. James Capra , Special Agent in Charge (SAC...class regarding interagency support and ties between drug trafficking and terrorism.23 After his remarks, SAC Capra agreed to an interview to delve

  20. Operational Implications of Private Military Companies in the Global War on Terror

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Singer,” interview by Terry Gross (11 May 2004), Fresh Air, National Public Radio. 71 Stuart McGhie, “Briefing: Private Military Contractors...involvement with the IRA . He had been working in and around British bases in Basra. 41 are...responsibility for Fallujah first heard about the killings whilst watching Fox News. The events that followed the killings are now widely acknowledged to be

  1. The Use of Personal Information Technology in Military Area of Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-19

    scaling, and utilization of secure mobile capability leveraging commercial mobile technology to enable an agile deployment environment for new and...published a Mobile Device Strategy in May of 2012 that laid out some of the broadest strategic goals in the use of mobile technology in the branches of...paper prove how the military is in a computerized world and incorporating mobile technology to remain an effective, resilient force. While the

  2. Constant Challenges and Evolution of US Military Transfusion Medicine and Blood Operations in Combat

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-01

    Spinella, MD, Wash- ington University in St Louis, St Louis Children’s Hospital , 660 S. Euclid, St Louis, MO 63110; e-mail: spinella_p@ kids.wustl.edu...and FFP are not available.3 Due to the short shelf life of PLTs, apheresis PLTs are also collected at US military hospitals in Iraq and Afghanistan...and distributed to sur- gical hospitals with high demand. Recent literature describing increased risk to critically ill patients who receive RBCs of

  3. Operational Applications of Autogenic Feedback Training Exercise as a Treatment for Airsickness in the Military

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gebreyesus, Fiyore; Cowings, Patricia S.; Toscano, William B.

    2012-01-01

    Airsickness is experienced by about 50% of military aviators some time in their career. Aviators who suffer from recurrent episodes of airsickness are typically referred to the Naval Aerospace Medical Institute (NAMI) at Pensacola where they undergo extensive evaluation and 8 weeks of training in the Self-Paced Airsickness Desensitization (SPAD) program. Researchers at NASA Ames have developed an alternative mitigation training program, Autogenic Feedback Training Exercise (AFTE) that has demonstrated an 80% success rate for improving motion sickness tolerance.

  4. An Information Requirements Analysis of Military Airlift Command (MAC) Aerial Port Operations.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-09-01

    16:19 (January 1985). Office of Public Affairs. Military Airlift Command Aerial Ports. United States Air Force Fact Sheet. Scott AFB IL: August 1986...the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the School of Systems and Logistics, the Air University, the United States Air Force, or the...intertheater ports are in the continental United States and are located at Travis AFB and Norton AFB, California; McChord AFB, Washington; McGuire AFB, New

  5. Nutritional Needs in Hot Environments-Applications for Military Personnel in Field Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-04-01

    list,, the nutrient standards but includes definitions of terminology . guide- lines for healthful diets. and clarification of the use of the MR[DA, for...Congress Catalog Card No. 93-83118 International Standard Book Number 0-309-04840-0 Additional copies of this report are available from: National...approaches for studying the relationship of diet to physical and mental performance; and to review and advise on standards for military feeding systems

  6. Repeated Concussion Among U.S. Military Personnel During Operation Iraqi Freedom

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    Dougherty Rosemary H. Morrison Kimberly H. Quinn Michael R. Galarneau Report No. 10 -33 The views expressed in this article are those of the...JRRD Volume 48, Number 10 , 2011Pages 1269–1278 Journal of Rehabil itation Research & DevelopmentRepeated concussion among U.S. military personnel...amber.dougherty@med.navy.mil DOI:10.1682/JRRD.2011.01.00131269 1270 JRRD, Volume 48, Number 10 , 2011concussions [9–13]. Evidence exists that some aspects of

  7. Assessing the Prospects and Limitations of Military Operations Other than War (MOOTW)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-04-01

    disparity between economic groups, disparities of technological innovations allowing the rich to get richer while the poor get poorer, and environmental...terrorist attacks over the years is miniscule. 4 See Roderick K. Von Lipsey , ed. Breaking the Cycle: A Framework for Conflict Intervention (New York...is presently clouded. At the highest level, the National Security Council is responsible for integrating the military with diplomatic and economic

  8. Joint Spacelab-J (SL-J) Activities at the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    The science laboratory, Spacelab-J (SL-J), flown aboard the STS-47 flight was a joint venture between NASA and the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) utilizing a manned Spacelab module. The mission conducted 24 materials science and 20 life science experiments, of which 35 were sponsored by NASDA, 7 by NASA, and two collaborative efforts. Materials science investigations covered such fields as biotechnology, electronic materials, fluid dynamics and transport phenomena, glasses and ceramics, metals and alloys, and acceleration measurements. Life sciences included experiments on human health, cell separation and biology, developmental biology, animal and human physiology and behavior, space radiation, and biological rhythms. Test subjects included the crew, Japanese koi fish (carp), cultured animal and plant cells, chicken embryos, fruit flies, fungi and plant seeds, and frogs and frog eggs. Featured together in joint ground activities during the SL-J mission are NASA/NASDA personnel at the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC).

  9. Joint Precision Approach and Landing System Increment 1A (JPALS Inc 1A)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-01

    approach and landing is a critical enabler for joint, coalition, combined, and inter-agency aviation assets to complete approaches and landings in... aviation assets for deployment, employment, sustainment, and redeployment. To be readily available to the Joint Force Commander (JFC), aviation assets...range of military operations in a fully automatic landing (auto-land) mode. A key to joint operational success is the ability of aviation assets to

  10. Bridging the Gap in Civil-Military Coordination to more Effectively Support Humanitarian Relief Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-31

    studies (Operation Sea Angel, Operation Uphold Democracy and Operation Fuerte Apoyo) are analyzed to support the theory that implementation of PDD-56 can...multiple actors. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Interagency Coordination, PDD-56, Operation Sea Angel, Operation Uphold Democracy, Operation Fuerte Apoyo, Complex...Operation Fuerte Apoyo – Central America Hurricane Mitch hit the coast of Central America in October 1998 and became the fourth most powerful Caribbean

  11. [Surgical activity at the military health service antenna during the Turquoise operation in Rwanda June-August 1994].

    PubMed

    Pons, F; Rigal, S; Dupeyron, C; de Saint-Julien, J

    1996-01-01

    The military health service provided a surgery antenna during the two months of the Turquoise operation in Zaire and Rwanda. During this period, the antenna functioned as a back-up station for the French troop and the local populations subjected to various conditions: Rwanda refugees who had escaped the massacres, subjects wounded by canon shots, war wounds, surgery emergencies in the refugee population. There were 315 operations performed including 33% in children and 70% for lesions of the limbs. The activity during the mission was analyzed on the basis of strategy for surgical diagnosis and treatment under local conditions (lack of complementary examinations, limited number of personnel, disrupted families in the refugee population, no possibility for transfer, major cholera and dysentery epidemic...).

  12. 28 CFR 48.4 - Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. 48.4 Section 48.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) NEWSPAPER PRESERVATION ACT § 48.4 Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. (a) Persons desiring to obtain...

  13. 28 CFR 48.4 - Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. 48.4 Section 48.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) NEWSPAPER PRESERVATION ACT § 48.4 Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. (a) Persons desiring to obtain...

  14. 28 CFR 48.4 - Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. 48.4 Section 48.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) NEWSPAPER PRESERVATION ACT § 48.4 Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. (a) Persons desiring to obtain...

  15. 28 CFR 48.4 - Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. 48.4 Section 48.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) NEWSPAPER PRESERVATION ACT § 48.4 Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. (a) Persons desiring to obtain...

  16. 28 CFR 48.4 - Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. 48.4 Section 48.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) NEWSPAPER PRESERVATION ACT § 48.4 Application for approval of joint newspaper operating arrangement entered into after July 24, 1970. (a) Persons desiring to obtain...

  17. Does pre-operative physiotherapy improve outcomes from lower limb joint replacement surgery? A systematic review.

    PubMed

    Ackerman, Ilana N; Bennell, Kim L

    2004-01-01

    A systematic review of randomised controlled trials was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of pre-operative physiotherapy programmes on outcome following lower limb joint replacement surgery. A search of relevant key terms was used to find suitable trials, with five papers meeting the inclusion criteria for the review. The methodological quality of the trials was rated using the PEDro scale. Estimates of the size of treatment effects were calculated for each outcome in each trial, with 95% confidence intervals calculated where sufficient data were provided. Of the three trials pertaining to total knee replacement, only very small mean differences were found between control and intervention groups for all of the outcome measures. Where confidence intervals could be calculated, these showed no clinically important differences between the groups. Two papers (one study) pertaining to total hip replacements found significant improvements in WOMAC scores, hip strength and range of movement, walking distance, cadence, and gait velocity for the intervention group, compared to a control group. Estimates of treatment effect sizes for these outcomes were larger than for the total knee replacement studies, with confidence intervals showing potentially clinically important differences between group means. However, as the intervention group also received an additional intensive post-operative physiotherapy program, these results cannot be attributed solely to the pre-operative program. This systematic review shows that pre-operative physiotherapy programmes are not effective in improving outcome after total knee replacement but their effect on outcome from total hip replacement cannot be adequately determined.

  18. [Environmental risk factors in the territory of military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan].

    PubMed

    Korzeniewski, Krzysztof

    2008-07-01

    Military service in Iraq and Afghanistan is burdened by series of environmental factors such as high and low air temperature, wind, sand, dust, and local fauna. In summertime the main hazard are heat injuries. Sand and dust storms also become troublesome. In the winter another health problem is effect of low temperature. In Afghanistan additional threat pose mountain conditions, especially in wintertime when appear intense snowfalls. Hard conditions more than once characteristic for duty of Stabilization Forces soldiers in both countries can cause significant threat for health and life.

  19. U.S. Military Currency Control Operations in the Vietnam War.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-04-19

    ADAMS Ace~son For TIS CGRAk-I DTIC TAB Unannounced Just iicatio__... eopv _ Dist ribut .on/ tNSPET _ Awa~I’ btilt’, Codes 19 APRIL 1982 AppZrved tor...of this directive may subject the violator to discipliniry act.on under the US Code or the Uniform Code of Military Justice; criminal or civil... code 95, irrespective of the amount of the transaction. c. Category A personnel not processing through an R&R Center when on emer- gency leave, special

  20. Advances in Systems and Technologies Toward Interopoerating Operational Military C2 and Simulation Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-01

    Standards   Organization   (SISO)   provides   a   collaborative   environment   for   exchange   of   information   about...19th  ICCRTS   “C2  Agility:  Lessons   Learned  from  Research  and  Operations”   Advances  in  Systems  and...Their vision is a future where military organizations can link their C2 and simulation systems without special preparation in support of coalition

  1. Joint service EOD robotics program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hacker, Kurt; Brezina, Byron; DeBolt, Chris

    2006-05-01

    Within the military, the Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) community has been an early adopter of robotic capabilities. The Joint Service EOD (JSEOD) Program is in the process of fielding its third generation of robotic systems to the EOD technicians. Robots have been an invaluable asset to the EOD technician, and they have been critical to operations in Iraq as we prosecute the IED problem. This paper provides a brief history of past EOD robotic systems, a description of currently fielded and supported systems, and the future of robotic programs within the Joint Service EOD community.

  2. Executive Report: JSOU (Joint Special Operations University) First Annual Symposium, 2-5 May 2006, Hurlburt Field, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-05

    strategic levels of analysis, organizational structure is very important. While employing international networks to counter the Al Qaeda terrorist network...respect to Department of Defense (DoD) intelligence structure . Among these are the launching of two important studies to improve intel- ligence...low priority of their vestigial Civil-Military Operations Center (CMOC) elements for assets—inattention to cultural, language training, and the

  3. Diarrheal illness among deployed U.S. military personnel during Operation Bright Star 2001--Egypt.

    PubMed

    Sanders, John W; Putnam, Shannon D; Gould, Philip; Kolisnyk, John; Merced, Norma; Barthel, Vincent; Rozmajzl, Patrick J; Shaheen, Hind; Fouad, Salwa; Frenck, Robert W

    2005-06-01

    In the fall of 2001, approximately 15,000 U.S. military personnel participated in a military exercise in the northwestern Egyptian desert. To assess the prevalence and impact of diarrhea and enteropathogen distribution, we conducted a post-deployment survey and a case series study. A departure convenience sampling (n = 3725) was used in the post-deployment survey. Overall, 9.3% reported diarrhea, 2.6% sought medical care, and 2.8% stopped or decreased their work for at least a day. Among those reporting diarrhea, 41.7% had symptoms for less than 2 days, 43.5% had symptoms from 2-5 days, and 14.8% had symptoms for more than 5 days. In the case series study, pathogens were identified in 53.6% of the 129 cases enrolled. Pathogens identified included enterotoxigenic E. coli (n = 53), enteroaggregative E. coli (n = 13), Cryptosporidium (n = 9), Campylobacter jejuni (n = 7), noroviruses (n = 7), Shigella flexneri (n = 2), rotavirus (n = 2), and Entamoeba histolytica (n = 2). Among those seeking care for diarrhea, two thirds reported a decreased ability or inability to perform their jobs for at least one day, but overall, diarrhea was much less prevalent than in past surveys in this region, with minimal impact on the mission.

  4. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  5. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  6. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  7. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  8. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  9. Does the Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (JSTARS) Support Military Peace Operations? A Case Study of JSTARS Support to Operation JOINT ENDEAVOR.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Socialist Republics (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro , Serbia, and Slovenia) and two Socialist Autonomous Provinces (Kosovo and...Europe (USAREUR) as well. 21 Roberto Corsini, Colonel, Italian Air Force, "The Balkan War, What Role for Airpower?" Air Power Journal, (Winter 95...Cappacio, Tony. "An Army Bosnia Review Rates JSTARS a White Elephant." Defense Week. (25 October 1996). Corsini, Roberto , COL, Italian Air Force

  10. Atypical Presentation of Tuberculosis of Elbow Joint in Operated Case of Distal Humerus Fracture

    PubMed Central

    Gaikwad, Yogesh; Khadilkar, Madhav; Ranade, Ashish S.; Vartak, Devendra N.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: A typical presentations of tuberculosis are not uncommon. Periprosthetic infection with tuberculosis after total joint replacement has well published. Tuberculosis of the elbow following open reduction internal fixation of a distal humerus fraeture is extremely rare. Case Report: We report case of a healthy, immunocompetenet 49-year-old male who underwent open reduction and internal fixation with bicolumnar plating for distal humerus fracture and presented after 18 month with cystic swelling over medial aspect of operated site. There was no wound dehiscence and the underlying fracture was healed well without any signs of implant loosening or bony involvement. Cystic swelling was excised and histopathology provided the diagnosis of tuberculosis. Patient was treated with anti tubercular chemotherapy and patient made uneventful recovery. Conclusion: Although synovial tuberculosis after fracture fixation is a rare entity, tuberculosis should be kept as a differential diagnosis. Surgeons should have high index of suspicion to diagnose atypical presentations of tuberculosis. PMID:27299044

  11. Assessing the Adequacy of Coverage of Joint Command and Control in the Capstone Concept for Joint Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-02-01

    move to the edge, making the lowest-level organizations joint and empowering them. Still other trends were cited: 1) There will be a “ market -based...C o m m ande rs to A ntic ip ate and b e P roac tive ag ains t re ac tive thre ats • Harm o nizatio n and Inte ro pe rab ility with

  12. Manual of Military Decorations and Awards: General Information, Medal of Honor, and Defense/Joint Decorations and Awards. Volume 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-11-23

    and Defense/Joint Decorations and Awards 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR( S ) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e...TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) Department of Defense,1400 Defense Pentagon,Washington,DC,20301...1400 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM( S ) 11. SPONSOR

  13. Joint Polar Satellite System's Operational and Research Applications from Suomi NPP

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goldberg, M.

    2014-12-01

    The Joint Polar Satellite System is NOAA's new operational satellite program and includes the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (S-NPP) as a bridge between NOAA's operational Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellite (POES) series, which began in 1978, and the first JPSS operational satellite scheduled for launch in 2017. JPSS provides critical data for key operational and research applications, and includes: 1) Weather forecasting - data from the JPSS Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS) and the Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (ATMS) are needed to forecast weather events out to 7 days. Nearly 85% of all data used in weather forecasting are from polar orbiting satellites. 2) Environmental monitoring - data from the JPSS Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) are used to monitor the environment including the health of coastal ecosystems, drought conditions, fire, smoke, dust, snow and ice, and the state of oceans, including sea surface temperature and ocean color. 3) Climate monitoring - data from JPSS instruments, including OMPS and CERES will provide continuity to climate data records established using NOAA POES and NASA Earth Observing System (EOS) satellite observations. These data records provide a unified and coherent long-term observation of the environment; the records and products are critical to climate modelers, scientists, and decision makers concerned with advancing climate change understanding, prediction, mitigation and adaptation strategies, and policies. To bridge the gap between products and applications, the JPSS Program has established a proving ground program to optimize the use of JPSS data with other data sources to improve key products and services. A number of operational and research applications will be discussed, including the use of CrIS and ATMS for improved weather forecasting, the use of VIIRS for environmental monitoring of sea ice, smoke, fire, floods, droughts, coastal water quality (e.g. harmful algal blooms

  14. [Hip replacement in military personnel].

    PubMed

    Maksimov, I B; Paniushin, K A; Brizhan', L K; Buriachenko, B P; Varfolomeev, D I; Mimanchev, O V

    2014-01-01

    Hip joint diseases and injuries are common for orthopedic pathology among military personnel. Hip replacement is one of the most frequent operations. Authors evaluated hip replacement in 136 servicemen treated at the center of traumatology and orthopedics of Burdenko General Military Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of Defense of Russia in 2010-2013. On the basis of the conducted analysis the main disease groups were revealed, peculiarities of pathology among this category of patients. Authors proposed surgical doctrine for the treatment of this contingent. Effective surgical treatment, in particular, hip replacement surgery, conducted with the use of the proposed principles, as a rule, fully functionally cured patients and contributes to return them in the system that contributes to the strengthening of defensibility of the country.

  15. User’s Manual for Generating Supersonic Data Bases for Military Operations Areas.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-10-15

    This report documents the development of supersonic data bases for five military opera- tions areas ( OAs ) and presents a user’s guide to the two...Sonic Boom Research, BBN Report 6044, January 1986. l te "" APPENDIX A MOAOPS PROGRAM OUTPUT EXAMPLES a" U I, . MIS3 1? N4 k -cI 621I-7 ’I!SS1ZON OAI6 43...ft fa Ct k -.w.- af84 PO.-- .. a.. Oi’ .100 C -fw40 Ila 4.44 - -4.. ft-)’" *i..i " .i"iAi. .4 . 44.44" .R 44449 &~ ft 9 i..444 .m - .4.i a. ~ ~ ja Sriii

  16. Sustaining Military Operations in the Arctic -- The U.S. Cannot do it Alone

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-04

    There has been a significant increase in maritime traffic in the region over the past ten years due to research, economic development, tourism , and...population, advanced ship technology and increased access have led to a growth in Arctic tourism . Since 2008, both cruise and ferry ship activity in the...Arctic has increased 11%. 8 The Canadian Joint Task Force North J2 notes increases in eco- tourism and expects that in 2011, nine cruise ships will

  17. Operational space trajectory tracking control of robot manipulators endowed with a primary controller of synthetic joint velocity.

    PubMed

    Moreno-Valenzuela, Javier; González-Hernández, Luis

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, a new control algorithm for operational space trajectory tracking control of robot arms is introduced. The new algorithm does not require velocity measurement and is based on (1) a primary controller which incorporates an algorithm to obtain synthesized velocity from joint position measurements and (2) a secondary controller which computes the desired joint acceleration and velocity required to achieve operational space motion control. The theory of singularly perturbed systems is crucial for the analysis of the closed-loop system trajectories. In addition, the practical viability of the proposed algorithm is explored through real-time experiments in a two degrees-of-freedom horizontal planar direct-drive arm.

  18. Two-axis hydraulic joint for high speed, heavy lift robotic operations

    SciTech Connect

    Vaughn, M.R.; Robinett, R.D.; Phelan, J.R.; VanZuiden, D.M.

    1994-04-01

    A hydraulically driven universal joint was developed for a heavy lift, high speed nuclear waste remediation application. Each axis is driven by a simple hydraulic cylinder controlled by a jet pipe servovalve. Servovalve behavior is controlled by a force feedback control system, which damps the hydraulic resonance. A prototype single joint robot was built and tested. A two joint robot is under construction.

  19. Operational vector-borne disease surveillance and control: closing the capabilities gap through research at overseas military laboratories.

    PubMed

    Evans, Brian P; Clark, Jeffrey W; Barbara, Kathryn A; Mundal, Kirk D; Furman, Barry D; McAvin, James C; Richardson, Jason H

    2009-01-01

    Malaria, dengue fever, chikungunya virus, leishmaniasis, and a myriad of other vector-borne diseases pose significant threats to the warfighter and to the overall combat effectiveness of units. Military preventive medicine (PM) assets must accurately evaluate the vector-borne disease threat and then implement and/or advise the commander on countermeasures to reduce a particular threat. The success of these measures is contingent upon the biology of the disease vector and on the tools or methods used to conduct vector/pathogen surveillance and vector control. There is a significant gap between the tools available and those required for operational PM assets to provide real-time, effective surveillance and control. A network of US Army and US Navy overseas laboratories is focused on closing the current capabilities gap. Their mission is to develop and field test tools and methods to enhance the combatant commander's ability to identify and mitigate the threat posed by these vector-borne diseases.

  20. Biometrics: Multi-Service Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Tactical Employment of Biometrics in Support of Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-01

    Biometrics in Support of Operations Biometrics-at-Sea: Business Rules for South Florida United States... South Florida , USCG Maritime Law Enforcement Manual Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms Joint Intelligence, Department of

  1. Military Psychology.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), *MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY , *TEXTBOOKS, USSR, ORGANIZATIONS, COMBAT READINESS, PSYCHOMOTOR FUNCTION, REASONING, SURVEYS...TRANSLATIONS, MILITARY TRAINING, OFFICER PERSONNEL, PERCEPTION( PSYCHOLOGY ), PERSONALITY, COMMUNISM, INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS, EMOTIONS.

  2. Strategic Planning for Comprehensive Security in the European Union’s Military Operations: EUFOR RD Congo, EUFOR Tchad/RCA, and EUNAVFOR Somalia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    David S . Yost Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK i REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form...Security in the European Union’s Military Operations: EUFOR RD Congo, EUFOR Tchad/RCA, and EUNAVFOR Somalia 6. AUTHOR( S ) Frank Hagemann 5. FUNDING...

  3. U.S. Army Helicopters and U.S. Air Force Expeditionary Forces: Implications for Halting Military Operations (Occasional Paper Number 22)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-06-01

    proven day and night tank killer with excellent tactical range, target standoff and loiter time. Its capabilities enhance, complement, and support...Military Operations Jan S. Breemer, December 2000 20 Using Lasers in Space: Laser Orbital Debris Removal and Asteroid Deflection Jonathan W

  4. Live From the Front: Operational Ramifications of Military Web Logs in Combat Zones

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-05-10

    their place in history” 21 Katherine C. Den Bleyker, “The First Ammendment versus Operational Security: Where Should the Milblogging Balance Lie...accessed 25 April 2007). 35 Bleyker, “The First Ammendment versus Operational Security: Where Should the Milblogging Balance Lie?” 36 Ibid. 37 Ibid...Bleyker, Katherine C. Den. “The First Ammendment versus Operational Security: Where Should the Milblogging Balance Lie?” Fordham Intellectual

  5. It is not their war: the impact of military operations on Philippine migrant care workers for elderly people in Israel

    PubMed Central

    Ron, Pnina

    2015-01-01

    Objective A majority of work immigrants from the Philippines came to Israel to fill positions involving personal and nursing care. Most of them were in Israel during the Second Lebanon War, the Cast Lead operation, and the Protective Edge Operation. These migrant care workers experienced these events no differently than did the Israeli population. The goal of this study was to examine the connections between the Philippine migrant care workers’ exposure to the military operations and the levels of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), death anxiety, and burnout among them. Methods A random sample of 147 Philippine migrant care workers was recruited through four agencies that employ migrant care workers. Participants completed a self-report questionnaire. Results Philippine migrant care workers reported high levels of PTSD, high levels of death anxiety, and low levels of burnout. Levels of exposure were positively associated with levels of PTSD, death anxiety, and negatively with burnout. A significant inverse relationship was found between interpersonal variables (self-esteem and sense of mastery) and the PTSD, death anxiety, and burnout levels reported by the participants. PMID:26170643

  6. Traffic in the operating room during joint replacement is a multidisciplinary problem

    PubMed Central

    Bédard, Martin; Pelletier-Roy, Rémi; Angers-Goulet, Mathieu; Leblanc, Pierre-Alexandre; Pelet, Stéphane

    2015-01-01

    Background Door openings disrupt the laminar air flow and increase the bacterial count in the operating room (OR). We aimed to define the incidence of door openings in the OR during primary total joint arthroplasty (TJA) surgeries and determine whether measures were needed and/or possible to reduce OR staff traffic. Methods We recorded the number of door openings during 100 primary elective TJA surgeries; the OR personnel were unaware of the observer’s intention. Operating time was divided into the preincision period, defined as the time from the opening of surgical trays to skin incision, and the postincision period, defined as time from incision to dressing application. Results The mean number of door openings during primary TJA was 71.1 (range 35–176) with a mean operative time of 111.9 (range 53–220) minutes, for an average of 0.64 (range 0.36–1.05) door openings/min. Nursing staff were responsible for 52.2% of total door openings, followed by anesthesia staff at 23.9% and orthopedic staff at 12.7%. In the preincision period, we observed an average of 0.84 door openings/min, with nursing and orthopedic personnel responsible for most of the door openings. The postincision period yielded an average of 0.54 door openings/min, with nursing and anesthesia personnel being responsible for most of the door openings. Conclusion There is a high incidence of door openings during TJA. Because we observed a range in the number of door openings per surgery, we believe it is possible to reduce this number during TJA. PMID:26022153

  7. Total and cause-specific mortality of Finnish military personnel following service in international peacekeeping operations 1990–2010: a comprehensive register-based cohort study

    PubMed Central

    Laukkala, T; Parkkola, K; Henriksson, M; Pirkola, S; Kaikkonen, N; Pukkala, E; Jousilahti, P

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To estimate total and cause-specific mortality after international peacekeeping deployments among the Finnish military peacekeeping personnel in comparison to the general population of similar age and sex. Design A register-based study of a cohort of military peacekeeping personnel in 1990–2010 followed for mortality until the end of 2013. Causes of death were obtained from the national Causes of Death Register. The standardised mortality ratio (SMR) for total and cause-specific mortality was calculated as the ratio of observed and expected number of deaths. Setting Finland (peacekeeping operations in different countries in Africa, Asia and in an area of former Yugoslavia in Europe). Participants 14 584 men and 418 women who had participated in international military peacekeeping operations ending between 1990 and 2010. Interventions Participation in military peacekeeping operations. Main outcome Total and cause-specific mortality. Results 209 men and 3 women died after their peacekeeping service. The SMR for all-cause mortality was 0.55 (95% CI 0.48 to 0.62). For the male peacekeeping personnel, the SMR for all diseases was 0.44 (95% CI 0.35 to 0.53) and for accidental and violent deaths 0.69 (95% CI 0.57 to 0.82). The SMR for suicides was 0.71 (95% CI 0.53 to 0.92). Conclusions Even though military peacekeeping personnel are working in unique and often stressful conditions, their mortality after their service is lower compared with the general population. Military peacekeeping personnel appear to be a selected population group with low general mortality and no excess risk of any cause of death after peacekeeping service. PMID:27799241

  8. Millimeter wave case study of operational deployments: retail, airport, military, courthouse, and customs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tryon, Gary V.

    2008-04-01

    In the wake of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on America, our security and defense industry was instantly tasked with delivering technologies that could be used to help prevent future terrorist activities. The general public world wide is asking for solutions that will foster a safe society and travel environment. Our best defenses rest in our talents within a free open society to prevent dangerous individuals from boarding planes, entering buildings, courthouses, transportations hubs and military bases with weapons capable of causing damage and bodily harm in the first place. Passive millimeter wave (PMMW) whole body imaging systems are based upon the principle that every physical entity emits, reflects, and/or absorbs electromagnetic energy. The term "passive" means that this approach does not bombard the test subject with energy radiation to further induce the discovery of hidden objects. PMMW whole body imaging systems focus on the human body's natural emission and reflection of millimeter wavelength energy. In physics, "millimeter waves" (MMW) are defined as extremely high-frequency (30-300 GHz) electromagnetic oscillations. On the electromagnetic spectrum these waves are just larger than infrared waves, but smaller than radio waves. The wavelength of a MMW is between 1 millimeter and 10 millimeters. That is approximately the thickness of a large paperclip up to the diameter of an "AAA" battery.

  9. 76 FR 13446 - Nittany Bald and Eagle Railroad Company-Operation Exemption-SEDA-COG Joint Rail Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-11

    ... Surface Transportation Board Nittany Bald and Eagle Railroad Company-Operation Exemption-SEDA- COG Joint Rail Authority Nittany Bald and Eagle Railroad Company (N&BE), a Class III carrier, has filed a... the Board in Susquehanna Union R.R.-Control Exemption- N. Shore R.R., Nittany & Bald Eagle...

  10. Reasons for crack nucleation in welded joints of main gas-pipelines after a long-term operation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maruschak, P. O.; Bishchak, R. T.; Shlapak, L. S.; Panin, S. V.

    2017-02-01

    A crack of operational origin in the welded joint of the main gas pipeline is analyzed. The reasons for its nucleation and impact on technological microdefects that were formed earlier during the welding are found. Micromechanisms and stages of nucleation and propagation of the crack are investigated.

  11. 76 FR 21789 - ITS Joint Program Office; Vehicle to Infrastructure Core System Concept of Operations; Notice of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-18

    ... host a free public meeting to discuss the Vehicle to Infrastructure (V2I) Core System Concept of... ITS Joint Program Office; Vehicle to Infrastructure Core System Concept of Operations; Notice of Public Meeting AGENCY: Research and Innovative Technology Administration, U.S. Department...

  12. Civil Military Engagements Program: A Special Operations Solution to Threats Derived from Undergoverned Areas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    educated force that has a deep understanding of cultures and foreign language , proficiency in small-unit tactics, and the ability to build and...operate within the population—specifically, to address sociocultural factors by understanding the culture of the population. Army operations must consider

  13. An Investigation of Network Enterprise Risk Management Techniques to Support Military Net-Centric Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-09-01

    Entreprise Risk Management .........................................116 B. RECOMMENDATIONS OF AREAS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH ..117 APPENDIX A...enterprise, can come from external or internal sources and can be directed at multiple objectives such as finance , people, processes, and operational...of managing risk is essentially the same for safety, finances , or operations. How it is applied depends in large part on the application.. Figure

  14. Towards an Intellectual Component of Joint Doctrine: The Philosophy and Practice of Experimental Intelligence

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-05-13

    Invest intellectual capital to develop the theory. This theory, built through rigorous critical analysis of joint operations and the results of joint...Without this investment of intellectual capital , Joint Doctrine will be relegated to a bumper sticker “teamwork” philosophy and will remain enslaved...necessary. The question is whether the U.S. Military will invest intellectual capital in an endeavor that will require time, rigorous adherence to the

  15. Stabilization Operations Beyond Government: Joint Venture Public-Private Partnerships in Iraq and Afghanistan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-09-01

    Defense Intelligence Agency. This article won the inaugural young Professionals in Foreign Policy Essay competition. Joint Venture Public - Private Partnerships in...Beyond Government: Joint Venture Public - Private Partnerships in Iraq and Afghanistan 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER...joint venture public - private partnerships hold the best possibility to achieve the goals of A Unique Private Sector Methodology Eurasia Group brings

  16. Military Perspectives on Cyberpower

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-07-01

    Zimet and Charles L. Barry Military cyberpower is the application of the domain of cyber- space to operational concepts to accomplish military objec...pable global backbone, unrestrained information sharing among com- mands, and truly interoperable networks wherein every authorized user can access...Special Operations Forces (SOF), and space forces performing missions around the world, and their supporting in- telligence networks. DOD divides

  17. Learning from Our Military History: The United States Army, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and the Potential for Operational Art and Thinking

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-14

    tradition in war and how it influences the way the US and the Army actually fights. In his book The American Way of War, historian Russell Weigley...CJTF-7.201 The US Army’s V Corps would assume command of CJTF-7 in May, with Lieutenant General (LTG) Ricardo Sanchez replacing LTG William Wallace as...unconstrained in the implementation of their 228James A. Russell , Innovation, Transformation, and War: Counterinsurgency Operations in Anbar and Ninewa

  18. The Study of Military History Through Commercial War Games: A Look at Operation Crusader with the Operational Art of War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    infantry, armor, intelligence, engineer, aviation, quartermaster, and field artillery) who have never played The Operational Art of War, and an... field grade officers a year train on command-level decision making by using computer simulations at the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College (CGSC...infantry, engineer, intelligence, field artillery, and logistics and compare the modeling of key elements of the war game to historical accounts. The

  19. Environmental Impact Analysis Process. Final Environmental Impact Statement Supersonic Flight Operations in the Valentine Military Operations Area

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-11-04

    sorties per month in both MOA’s (Valentine and Reserve) to minimize the number of sonic booms each area would receive. The primary environmental...concern associated with the proposed action is the effects of sonic booms. It is projected an individual would hear no more than 2 to 3 sonic booms per day...could occur in the area. Concerns have been raised about significant indirect impacts to the economy by sonic booms impacting ranching operations and

  20. Operation Unified Response: A Case Study of the Military’s Role in Foreign Disaster Relief Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-05

    SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT uu a. REPORT r · ABSTRACT 1 c. THIS PAGE UN CLASS UNCLASS UNClASS. 18.NUMBER OF PAGES...faces the same budgetary pressures· that the Department of Defense does, but from a low~ r baseline level. Additionally, the State Department faces a...example: Army Tactics Techniques, and Procedures Publications 4-15 Army Water Transport Operations, Army Field Manual 10-52 Water Supply in Theaters

  1. Overview of Carbon Dioxide Control Issues During International Space Station/Space Shuttle Joint Docked Operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Matty, Christopher M.

    2010-01-01

    Crewed space vehicles have a common requirement to remove the carbon dioxide (CO2) created by the metabolic processes of the crew. The space shuttle [Space Transportation System (STS)] and International Space Station (ISS) each have systems in place that allow control and removal of CO2 from the habitable cabin environment. During periods in which the space shuttle is docked to the ISS, known as "joint docked operations," the space shuttle and ISS share a common atmosphere environment. During this period, an elevated amount of CO2 is produced through the combined metabolic activity of the STS and ISS crews. This elevated CO2 production, together with the large effective atmosphere created by collective volumes of the docked vehicles, creates a unique set of requirements for CO2 removal. This paper will describe individual CO2 control plans implemented by STS and ISS engineering teams, as well as the integrated plans used when both vehicles are docked. The paper will also discuss some of the issues and anomalies experienced by both engineering teams.

  2. Overview of Carbon Dioxide Control Issues During International Space Station/Space Shuttle Joint Docked Operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Matty, Christopher M.; Hayley, Elizabeth P.

    2009-01-01

    Manned space vehicles have a common requirement to remove the Carbon Dioxide (CO2) created by the metabolic processes of the crew. The Space Shuttle and International Space Station (ISS) each have systems in place to allow control and removal of CO2 from the habitable cabin environment. During periods where the Space Shuttle is docked to ISS, known as joint docked operations, the Space Shuttle and ISS share a common atmosphere environment. During this period there is an elevated production of CO2 caused by the combined metabolic activity of the Space Shuttle and ISS crew. This elevated CO2 production, combined with the large effective atmosphere created by the collective volumes of the docked vehicles, creates a unique set of requirements for CO2 removal. This paper will describe the individual CO2 control plans implemented by the Space Shuttle and ISS engineering teams, as well as the integrated plans used when both vehicles are docked. In addition, the paper will discuss some of the issues and anomalies experienced by both engineering teams.

  3. Balancing Operations Security and Openness: Understanding the Military/Media Relationship in the Modern Media Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-07

    was never judged based on its merits, but the district court judge, Oliver Gasch, said that he doubted whether the temporary ban on press 17 Aukofer...Craig Pyes of the “Crimes of War Project” and Kevin Sack of the Los Angeles Times on a Special Forces Operational Detachment Alpha (ODA) operating...out of Gardez, Afghanistan in 2003. Pyes and Sack reported on two separate alleged murders of Afghan citizens detained by members of ODA 2021

  4. Phalanx. The Bulletin of Military Operations Research. Volume 45, Number 3, September 2012

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-09-01

    effectiveness and from this directive came the “Operations Research” title. Seeing the merit of this system , Air Chief Marshall Dowding asked that...techniques continues to grow, and those employing them have various titles such as industrial systems en- gineer, operational analyst, systems analyst...Riese of Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Lab as President Elect, Mr. Robert R. Koury of Price Systems as Vice President for Finance and

  5. Challenges to Military Operations in Support of U.S. Interests. Volume 2: Main Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-01

    manner. Tools and systems for countering attacks in space are insufficient given the documented threat. While there have been some initial defensive...to attack the nation with asymmetric tools of war, employed using non-traditional concepts of operation. Thus, challenges from nuclear weapons... tools of war may well be employed using non-traditional concepts of operation. And the battlefield may no longer be limited to regions afar, but may

  6. The Implications of Network-Centric Warfare for United States and Multinational Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    impact of network-centric warfare on United States naval operations will be without conducting much more research and many more experiments. Until...recognizable as the same species it is today? Perhaps, but progress will be slow. As a result, the impact of NCW on the Navy between now and 2010...force deployments in the future will be associated with multinational operations.1 This paper will focus initially on the impact of NCW on United

  7. Spread of vaccinia virus through shaving during military training, Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, TX, June 2014.

    PubMed

    Webber, Bryant J; Montgomery, Jay R; Markelz, Ana E; Allen, Kahtonna C; Hunninghake, John C; Ritchie, Simon A; Pawlak, Mary T; Johnston, Lindsay A; Oliver, Tiffany A; Winterton, Brad S

    2014-08-01

    Although naturally occurring smallpox virus was officially declared eradicated in 1980, concern for biological warfare prompted the U.S. Government in 2002 to recommend smallpox vaccination for select individuals. Vaccinia, the smallpox vaccine virus, is administered into the skin, typically on the upper arm, where the virus remains viable and infectious until the scab falls off and the epidermis is fully intact - typically 2-4 weeks. Adverse events following smallpox vaccination may occur in the vaccinee, in individuals who have contact with the vaccinee (i.e., secondary transmission), or in individuals who have contact with the vaccinee's contact (i.e., tertiary transmission). In June 2014 at Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, TX, two cases of inadvertent inoculation of vaccinia and one case of a non-viral reaction following vaccination occurred in the security forces training squadron. This includes the first reported case of shaving as the likely source of autoinoculation after contact transmission. This paper describes the diagnosis and treatment of these cases, the outbreak investigation, and steps taken to prevent future transmission.

  8. Strategic Mobility 21: SM21 CONOPS Revised - Phase II, Joint Force Deployment and Distribution Support Platform: Joint Operational Concept

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-02

    Southern California utilizing a selected inland multi-modal freight hub, or Integrated Logistics Center (ILC), located at Southern California Logistics...selected inland multi-modal freight hub, or Integrated Logistics Center (ILC), located at Southern California Logistics Airport (SCLA) in...network capability, substituting for a dedicated physical transportation link; (3) synchronized operations with an inland multi-modal freight hub as

  9. The Joint Air Land Battle System: An Alternative to the Air Ground Operations System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-06-11

    doctrine for modern war. "The Sovieat.kad Forces maintain over one hundred higher military * choo ’#t-With courses ranging from four to five years" (42:IV...Terms. Public Affairs Press, 1963. 21. E:-ae,o Eugene M. The Impact of Air Power. New York; D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc., 1959 22. Employment of

  10. Airborne Armed Full Motion Video: The Nexus of OPS/INTEL Integration in the Joint/Coalition Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-04-03

    49 Intelligence , Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Concept of Operations.....................49 RECOMMENDATIONS...problems with their use of these terms. The tasking chapter summarizes and analyzes joint intelligence , surveillance, and reconnaissance ( ISR ...operations. This chapter will explore the use of video technology in recent military operations. Historically, details of airborne intelligence

  11. Development of medical engagement training toolkits to support special operations military assistance programs in austere environments.

    PubMed

    Boedeker, Ben H; Boedeker, David; Tate, Charmaine

    2012-01-01

    The Medical Seminar (MEDSEM) is a medical operation that shares culturally appropriate medical information with a defined indigenous population based upon a "train the trainer" concept. This work describes the development of a hand washing training toolkit designed to support a MEDSEM action in Afghanistan.

  12. Civil & Military Operations: Evolutionary Prep Steps to Pass Smart Power Current Limitations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    ordnance delivery’ accuracy more for specific targets, to supplement the operational and strategic application of ‘carpet bombing’ which both have been...is encouraged to review and research the long and varied history of herbal medicine, mystical treatments, and natural medicines. Some aspects of

  13. Hours of Boredom, Moments of Terror: Temporal Desynchrony in Military and Security Force Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-10-01

    activity in the 2–3 hour range is well tolerated but prolonged activities which exceed a period of 4 hours in duration tend to prove more problematic...transition both in basic and advanced training. This is difficult since the “ adrenaline rush” of real operations is never quite replicated in

  14. Improving Civil-Military Information Sharing in Peace Support Operations Using a Service-Oriented Approach

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    solutions that operate reliable under adverse conditions including a bandwidth-limited environment, and provide them with customised information...236 Klein, G. (1998) Sources of Power: How people make decisions, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass ., USA, 1998 NATO (2007) NATO Architecture Framework

  15. Saving Lives on the Battlefield: A Joint Trauma System Review of Pre-Hospital Trauma Care in Combined Joint Operating Area - Afghanistan (CJOA-A)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-30

    What makes military medicine unique? 2. Why do military medical providers exist? 3. What is the leading cause of death on the battlefield? 4. Where do...the advocate for medics and pre-hospital battlefield trauma care? 13. Who owns battlefield medicine ? Unclassified 3 Unclassified SECTION II. EXECUTIVE...customized for use on the battlefield. [Maughon JS. An inquiry into the nature of wounds resulting in killed in action in Vietnam. Military Medicine 1970; 135

  16. Effect of opening of joints on the behavior of concrete dams during operation

    SciTech Connect

    Vovkushevskii, A.V.; Trapeznikov, L.P.; Sheinker, N.Ya.; Ginzburg, S.M.

    1995-08-01

    The present work presents the results of studies of the effect of thermal opening of joints on the downstream face on opening of the contact joint and was carried out for the example of the dam of the Bratsk hydroelectric station. Theoretical investigations confirmed considerable opening of the contact joint both in nonoverflow and in powerhouse sections. Other conditions being equal, the length of the zone of opening of the contact joint in the powerhouse sections is 2-3 meters greater than in the nonoverflow sections. In the winter period, the zone of opening in the powerhosue sections reaches the grout curtain, while in the summer period, the opening is about half as much. Such opening of the joint, together with decompressions of the foundation, leads to an increase in the uplift pressure, increase of seepage discharges, and decrease of safety against shearing. Calculations showed that the zone of opening of the contact joint can be followed by a closed joint zone with displaced surfaces (sliding zone). The size of the zone depends on many factors and requires further refinements, but in any event, this zone can completely enter the second column.

  17. Hybrid Threat Concept: Contemporary War, Military Planning and the Advent of Unrestricted Operational Art

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-19

    Albatross ?…………………………...44 Exploitation of Ambiguity……..........…………………………………………………...47 U.S. Operational and Strategic Planning Constructs...Warfare (IW): Umbrella Term or Conceptual Albatross ? Irregular warfare presents a competing explanation of the non-linear threat activities that

  18. Quality of Ambulant Measures of Distance, Speed, Load and Energy Consumption During Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-01

    and pelvis when walking on level and irregular surfaces. Gait and Posture 18 (2003) 35-46. [2] Everett Harman, Ki H. Han, Peter Frykman, Clay Pandorf...stress (e.g. decision making, exams, combat stress). The majority of these factors have a negative impact on the operational readiness of soldiers...walking, sleep deprivation) and mental stress (e.g. decision making, exams, combat stress). The majority of these factors have a negative impact on the

  19. Guide to Rebuilding Public Sector Services in Stability Operations: A Role for the Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-01

    economic growth. Each topic discussion focuses on the key issues, trade-offs faced in addressing those issues in stability operations, and recommended...top-down versus bottom-up planning. As discussed above, countries have a long-term development framework that expresses broad national strategy for...SERVICES This section discusses a relatively narrow range of issues and potential actions in rebuilding government, focusing on government’s provision

  20. Military Contractor-Operated Stores’ Contracts are Unmanageable and Vulnerable to Abuse.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-07-08

    include stores oper- ated by six nationwide contractors holding multiple contracts as follows: -- One Stop Motor Parts, Inc., Grand Prairie, Texas, holding...Command Contract/contractor Randolph AFB, Air Training Command COPARS/ One Stop Motor Texas Parts, Inc. Lackland AFB, Air Training Command COPARS/ One ... Stop Motor Texas Parts, Inc. Cannon AFB, Tactical Air Command COPARS/ One Stop Motor New Mexico Parts, Inc. Bergstrom AFB, Tactical Air Command COPARS

  1. ASP, Art and Science of Practice: Educating Military Operations Research Practitioners

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-01

    USMC: Assess- ing Resiliency of the JP-8 Distribution System on Guam (C). • LT Matthew T. Yokeley, USN: Effects of Sleep Deprivation on U.S. Navy...factors in many Navy mishaps. In addition to sleep deprivation , fatigue can also result from inadequately staffed ves- sels. Reduced staffing...5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Naval Postgraduate School (NPS),Operations Research Department,Monterey,CA

  2. Traditions, Changes, and Challenges: Military Operations and the Middle Eastern City

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-01-01

    Studies Institute,Fort Leavenworth, KS ,66027 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10...World: World Regional Urban Development, 3d ed. (New York: Harper & Row, 2003), 271. 12. Brunn, 2003, 269-72. 13. Pacione, 135. 14. Philip K . Hitti...Operation Iraqi Freedom. Fort Leavenworth, KS : Combat Studies Institute Press, 2004. Dewar, Michael. War in the Streets: The Story of Urban Combat

  3. The Contribution of Operational and Research Applications from the Joint Polar Satellite System to Societal Benefits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goldberg, M.

    2015-12-01

    Applications of satellite data are paramount to transform science and technology to product and services which are used in critical decision making. For the satellite community, good representations of technology are the satellite sensors, while science provides the instrument calibration and derived geophysical parameters. Weather forecasting is an application of the science and technology provided by remote sensing satellites. The Joint Polar Satellite System, which includes the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (S-NPP) provides formidable science and technology to support many applications and includes support to 1) weather forecasting - data from the JPSS Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS) and the Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (ATMS) are used to forecast weather events out to 7 days - nearly 85% of all data used in weather forecasting are from polar orbiting satellites; 2) environmental monitoring -data from the JPSS Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) are used to monitor the environment including the health of coastal ecosystems, drought conditions, fire, smoke, dust, snow and ice, and the state of oceans, including sea surface temperature and ocean color; and 3) climate monitoring - data from JPSS instruments, including OMPS and CERES will provide continuity to climate data records established using NOAA POES and NASA Earth Observing System (EOS) satellite observations. To bridge the gap between products and applications, the JPSS Program has established a proving ground program to optimize the use of JPSS data with other data sources to improve key products and services. A number of operational and research applications will be presented along with how the data and applications support a large number of societal benefit areas of the Global Earth Observation Systems of Systems (GEOSS).

  4. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 15, Spring 1997

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-06-01

    the number of tasks or steps necessary to defeat an enemy grew dramati- cally. There is evidence of this in the rapid in- crease in the size of...have found it much more difficult to execute Desert Storm. Until alternatively powered vehicles and weapons are de- veloped, logistics will remain...over military operations. More - over, as General Joulwan notes in his ar- ticle, a new array of concepts such as the combined joint task force, Partner

  5. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 22, Summer 1999

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-08-01

    promote understanding of the integrated employment of land, sea, air, space, and special operations forces. The journal focuses on joint doctrine, coalition...other agency of the Federal Government. Copyrighted portions of this journal may not be reproduced or extracted without permission of copyright...Army Command and General Staff College LtCol James I. Van Zummeren, USMC ■ Marine Corps War College A PROFESSIONAL MILITARY JOURNAL (continued from page

  6. Models Used by the Military Services to Develop Budgets for Activities Associated with Operational Readiness

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-02-01

    Request 27.6 23.9 12.0 15.3 78.8 Percentage Modeled 69 76 94 26 67 All Services The facilit operations that the se to that fun Corps do the Army...FunctionsMiscellaneousMaintenanceand Training Facilities Depending o roughly 45 pe requests for o models by fun nance, faciliti functions, op dollar amoun eled, and the...the length of the line at the dining hall). The Navy and the Army determine the amount and quality of services they will provide and multiply that

  7. Joint Center for Operational Analysis Journal. Volume 12, Issue 2, Summer 2010

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    into IJC implied unknown significant changes to each NATO country’s military career track, which probably also contributed to resistance.44 People...2009 14 John von Neumann, "Defense in Atomic War," in A. H. Taub, cd.. John von Neumann: Collected Works, Vol. IV: Theory of Games. Astrophysics ...her counterparts in the tra- ditional line staff. The typical career development for a physician includes clinical training that includes

  8. Operation Stavanger: Standing Up a Deployable Joint Headquarters for the NATO Response Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-06-01

    pgs. 13-16. Sheehan, J.H., P.K. Deitz, B.E. Bray, B.S. Harris and A.B.H. Yong. 2003. "The Military Missions and Means Framework ," in Proc. of...Yakov Haimes of Systems and Information Engineering, Un. of VA 9 Co-author of seminal paper on an EBO-related topic: " Missions and Means Framework " (2003

  9. The Linkage of Joint Operational Fires, Information Operations and the Army: Does the Army Have Effective Feedback Mechanisms that Integrate Operational Fires (Physical Destruction) and Information Operations?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    and adopt in the evolving age of IW. Classical Organization Theory Frederick Winslow Taylor and the Principles of Scientific Management The...Organization Theory ..........................................................................................................18 Frederick Winslow ...the entire spectrum of operations.48 The Conditions of Organizational Programming As stated earlier, Frederick Taylor and classical organizational

  10. A Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Investigation of the Efficacy of Modafinil for Maintaining Alertness and Performance in Sustained Military Ground Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-08-01

    modafinil exhibits a terminal half-life of 9-14 hrs with peak blood concentrations 2-4 hrs after absorption with an oral clearance of 50-60 mL/min (Wong...AFRL-HE-BR-TR-2006-0005 A DOUBLE-BLIND PLACEBO-CONTROLLED INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFICACY OF MODAFINIL FOR MAINTAINING ALERTNESS AND PERFORMANCE IN...CONTROLLED INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFICACY OF MODAFINIL FOR MAINTAINING ALERTNESS AND PERFORMANCE IN SUSTAINED MILITARY GROUND OPERATIONS 5b. GRANT

  11. Reframing Stability Operations: using Social Science to Identify Pillars of Stability Operations to Bridge the Gap Between the Principles of Joint Operations and Stability Operations Framework

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-11

    producers that begins with ovulation , continues through birth and socialization, and ends when offspring are no longer dependent on others for...must understand the institutions and relationships that make societies function .6 Such understanding can only come when a stability operator...comprehends the basic needs and functions of societies, then analyzes how a historical course of action fulfilled those needs. This allows them to

  12. Sustaining the Military Arts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-09-01

    pidgin isn’t the antidote for strategic illiteracy. The military arts of strategy, operations, and tactics are merely the creative bridges that allow...Strategic pidgin isn’t the antidote for strategic illiteracy. about military arts and sciences is not merely a ’question of rhetorical clarity. Indeed

  13. Assessing Israeli Military Effectiveness

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-01

    did during the 1967 Arab -Israeli War. If this is the case, is it due to a decline in IDF military effectiveness? If so, what are the factors that led...conflict, low-intensity conflict, hybrid conflict, Arab -Israeli War, Operation Accountability, Operation Grapes of Wrath, Operation Change of Direction...has not been able to consistently sustain the ability to achieve decisive military success as it did during the 1967 Arab -Israeli War. If this is

  14. Uncharted Waters: Expeditionary Operations and the Naval Component of Union Military Strategy April 1861 to April 1862

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-01

    ofthe Civil War. 1st ed. New York: Knopf, 1962. Barrett, John Gilchrist. The Civil War in North Carolina. Chapel Hill : University ofNorth Carolina...W. The Shenandoah Valley Campaign of1862. Military Campaigns of the Civil War. Chapel Hill : University ofNorth Carolina Press, 2003. ---,. The...Richmond Campaign of1862: The Peninsula and the Seven Days. Military Campaigns of the Civil War. Chapel Hill : University ofNorth Carolina Press, 2000. Gibson

  15. In the Middle of the Fight: An Assessment of Medium-Armored Forces in Past Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    History , U.S. Army, [1961] 1984. Bochkarev, Vladimir, and Vladimir Komol’tzev, “Rossiyskaya ‘Burya v Gorakh’ [Russian ‘ Mountain Storm...Office of the Chief of Military History , U.S. Army, 1989. Matyash, Vladimir, “Uchast’ Banditov V Gorakh Predpreshena [Fate of Bandits in Mountains ...Center of Military History The research described in this report was sponsored by the United States Army under Contract No. W74V8H-06-C-0001. Library of

  16. Endocrine-metabolic responses to military field operations: Effects of cold and moderate altitude exposure

    SciTech Connect

    Floyd, E.; Hackney, A.C.; Hodgdon, J.A.; Coyne, J.T.; Kelleher, D.L. Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill )

    1991-03-11

    Select endocrine-metabolic responses of US Marines to 4.5 day field operations (FOPS) in different environments were examined. Blood and urine samples were collected in the field immediately before and after FOPS at: (1) sea level, neutral temperatures (Ts) (SLN; n = 14), (2) sea level, cold Ts (SLC; n = 16), (3) 2,500 M altitude, neutral Ts (ALN; n = 16), and (4) 2,500 M altitude, cold Ts (ALC; n = 45). Measures examined were testosterone (T), cortisol (C), glucose (Glu), triglycerides (Tg), and urinary ketones (Uket). T decreased pre-post the FOPS in the cold conditions ({bar X}; 6.7 to 5.5 hg/ml; n = 61) but did not change in neutral conditions. C increased pre-post FOPS at SLC (12.1 to 19.8 ug/dl, p < 0.01), ALN (9.3 to 13.9 ug/dl, p < 0.01), and ALC (16.7 to 19.0 ug/dl, p = 0.08). Normoglycemia was maintained under each condition. Tg decreased (p < 0.01) at SLC, ALN, and ALC ({bar X}{triangle}: {minus}59.1, {minus}102.2, {minus}93.3 mg/dl, respectively), but increased at SLN (+74.0 mg/dl). Uket increased post FOPS only at ALN and ALC ({bar X}{triangle}: 3.4 mg/dl and +11.3 mg/dl). The Uket increases were correlated to Tg decreases. Results suggest FOPS induces a slight endocrine stress response, which is augmented with moderate altitude or cold exposure. Furthermore FOPS at altitude, especially in the cold, seems to shift the body towards fat metabolism.

  17. Pre-Operative Status and Quality of Life Following Total Joint Replacement in a Developing Country: A Prospective Pilot Study

    PubMed Central

    Niu, Nina N.; Collins, Jamie E.; Thornhill, Thomas S.; Alcantara Abreu, Luis; Ghazinouri, Roya; Okike, Kanu; Katz, Jeffrey N.

    2011-01-01

    Background: An increasing number of medical relief organizations have launched programs to perform total joint replacements in the developing world. There is a paucity of data on the clinical outcomes of these procedures. We documented pre- and post-operative pain and functional status in a group of low income Dominicans who underwent total hip or knee replacement performed by an American relief organization. Methods: In March 2009 and 2010, we surveyed patients participating in Operation Walk Boston, a medical relief organization that provides total joint replacements to patients in the Dominican Republic. Questionnaires included the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) Index scales and the Short-Form 36 (SF-36) scales for physical activity and mental health. Scores were transformed to a 0 - 100 point scale (100 is best). Results: 81 individuals (mean age 61 years, 60% female) completed the pre-operative questionnaires. Twenty eight of the 35 who completed preoperative forms in 2009 also completed follow up forms in 2010 (follow-up rate 80%). Patients reported poor pre-operative WOMAC function (mean = 33.6, sd = 22.0) and WOMAC pain (mean = 38.4, sd = 22.9) scores preoperatively. Mean post-operative WOMAC pain and function scores were 86.4 (sd = 13.1) and 88.1 (sd = 11.4) respectively. Improvement in pain and function was similar for patients undergoing hip (n=11) and knee (n=17) replacements. Conclusion: Total joint replacement was effective in relieving pain and restoring function in this program. These results are useful for comparison to outcomes in developed countries and for establishing benchmarks for future programs. PMID:21886686

  18. The Role of the Military Construction Engineers in the Hybrid War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    shaping the hybrid environment and when developing the civil -military relationship. The NATO military construction engineers are in a position to...military and non-military actors. Military construction engineers will be crucial in shaping the hybrid environment and when developing the civil -military...General Staff College CIMIC Civil -Military Co-operation CMO Civil -military Operations COIN Counterinsurgency DIME Diplomatic, Informational, Military

  19. The Common Operational Picture in Joint Vision 2020: A Less Layered Cake

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-26

    leads to an orderly transformation of military force and the ability to project power in a precise, pinpoint, and risk-mitigated way? The answer is...or not, depress the gas pedal , look both ways, steer the steering wheel straight, and look ahead simultaneously to get through the yellow light all...of C2 Arsenal ships, and two wolf-packs of UAV C2 fighter jets, platoon leaders and company commanders react to real-time C2 orders applying power

  20. The Relevance and Future of Joint Logistics Over the Shore (JLOTS) Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-01

    Determining the most cost -effective mix of these various approaches will require careful analysis considering technology advancements and expected...40 CHAPTER 4: JOINT LOGISTICS OVER THE SHORE (JLOTS) ANALYSIS ............42 JLOTS...future that could entail forces flowing into an area without the benefit of deep-draft ports or adequate airfields. While the JOAC specifies a future

  1. Optimizing Multi-Ship, Multi-Mission Operational Planning for the Joint Force Maritime Component Commander

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-01

    joint, combined, or interagency objectives (FFC, 2007). Zvijac (2008) points out that planning, information, and relationships are critical at the... Zvijac , D. J. (2008). Characteristics of the MHQ/MOC concept. Center for Naval Analysis, CRM D0018329.A4/1Rev. Available from http://www.cna.org/about

  2. Operational Vision: The Joint Force Commander’s Essential Quality to Achieve Success in the Future Operating Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-20

    an understanding and ability to competently leverage to yield a favorable operational outcome. 12 In his monograph Vulcan Anvil, Professor James J...DC: CJCS, 11 August 2011), II-3. 13 James J. Schneider, Vulcan Anvil: The American Civil War and the Foundations of Operational Art, Theoretical

  3. Space Operations, This document complements Joint Pub 3-56.1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    maintenance of on-orbit space assets. USSPACECOM uses the Space Operations Center ( SPOC ) to publish mission-type orders in the format of operations...operations forces SPACEAF Air Force Space Component [14 AF] SPOC Space Operations Center SPOT Satellite Probatore d’Observation de la Terre SRBM short

  4. 1990 Joint Military Net Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    the Office of Net Assessment 6 Deputy Director for Theater Assessments and Planning, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Program Analysis ...countermeasures electronic countermeasures European Economic Community electronic warfare -F- FOFA FY follow-on-forces attack fiscal year -G... analysis of current and projected capabilities of US forces, assisted by allies where appropriate, to deter war and, if deterrence fails, to terminate the

  5. Bacterial species diversity in cigarettes linked to an investigation of severe pneumonitis in U.S. Military personnel deployed in operation iraqi freedom.

    PubMed

    Rooney, Alejandro P; Swezey, James L; Wicklow, Donald T; McAtee, Matthew J

    2005-07-01

    This report presents results from a study on the bacterial diversity of cigarette brands collected from military personnel during the U.S. Army's investigation of a series of cases of acute eosinophilic pneumonitis in military personnel deployed in Operation Iraqi Freedom. Eight species of Bacillus, including five new species, and one new species of Kurthia were isolated from the cigarettes. Some of these species have been identified elsewhere as causes of hypersensitivity pneumonitis and other respiratory syndromes. All of the isolates were facultative anaerobes, and many displayed mucoid growth under anaerobic conditions. In addition, many isolates also displayed the ability to form surface biofilms under liquid culture. Although biofilm formation and mucoid growth were not correlated, the former was found to be much more pronounced under anaerobic conditions as opposed to aerobic ones. The implications of these findings are discussed.

  6. Small Wars in a Big Theater: Special Operations Air Component Integration with the Joint Air Component in Theater Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-01

    9,052 175 1,283 509,083 Adapted from Herbert Mason Jr., SSgt Randy G. Bergeron, and TSgt James A. Renfro Jr., Operation Thursday: Birth of the Air...interview. 6. Susan L. Marquis, Unconventional Warfare: Rebuilding U.S. Special Operations Forces (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1997), 33. 7...May 1977. Marquis, Susan L. Unconventional Warfare: Rebuilding U.S. Special Opera- tions Forces. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1997

  7. Institutional options and operational challenges in the management of a joint implementation regime

    SciTech Connect

    Mintzer, I.M.

    1995-11-01

    In 1992, the delegation from Norway introduced a concept into the negotiations of the Framework Convention on Climate Change which they called Joint Implementation. The term Joint Implementation (or simply JI) has been used subsequently to describe a range of cooperative arrangements between countries that are designed to reduce the risks of rapid climate change in a cost-effective manner. These arrangements may lead to the implementation of specific projects that seek to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (also called GHGs) to the atmosphere or increase the absorptive capacity of terrestrial and oceanic sinks for these gases. As an outcome of these projects, the countries may divide any greenhouse {open_quotes}credits{close_quotes} that accrue and that are recognized by the international community pursuant to the terms of the Framework Convention.

  8. Single-Leg Balance Impairments Persist in Fully Operational Military Special Forces Operators With a Previous History of Low Back Pain

    PubMed Central

    Sell, Timothy C.; Clark, Nicholas C.; Wood, Dallas; Abt, John P.; Lovalekar, Mita; Lephart, Scott M.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Single-leg balance (SLB) can be chronically impaired after low back pain (LBP). Impaired SLB is a risk factor for recurrent LBP and lower extremity injury. In the United States military, the special forces operator (SFO) deploys on high-risk missions under extreme conditions, and impaired SLB can potentially threaten SFO safety and mission success. Purpose: To compare SLB in fully operational SFOs with and without a history of LBP. The hypothesis was that SLB deficits would be present in SFOs with a history of LBP. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A total of 226 SFOs were included in this analysis. Comparisons were made between SFOs with and without medical chart documented history of LBP (LBP group [n = 43]: mean age = 31.2 ± 10.3 years, mean height = 177.3 ± 7.2 cm, mean mass = 87.3 ± 11.8 kg; healthy group [n = 183]: mean age = 28.0 ± 6.0 years, mean height = 177.9 ± 6.0 cm, mean mass = 84.9 ± 8.8 kg). Bilateral SLB was tested (eyes open and eyes closed) in both groups using a force plate. The variability in the ground-reaction forces was averaged across 3 trials for each leg for both conditions. Comparisons were made between legs in the LBP and between the LBP and healthy group (α = .05). Results: There were significant between-group differences for each leg for both conditions, with the healthy group demonstrating better SLB compared with the LBP group. P values ranged from .01 to .03. Conclusion: Impaired SLB persists in SFOs with previously reported LBP. Balance assessments of individuals who report LBP may assist with designing targeted interventions to address potential deficits that may increase the risk of future injury. Clinical Relevance: SFOs with a known history of LBP would benefit from examination of SLB and may benefit from balance training to resolve any deficits that may be present to lower the potential risk for future injury. PMID:26535329

  9. Contractors Supporting Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-01

    that name. However, it was soon in common usage and the Walt Disney organization eventually designed a logo for the unit showing a winged tiger...from World War Two and their Lessons for Today...primarily World War II. Rather than attempting to survey a catalog of issues, this research concentrates on a narrow set of issues. The issues

  10. Cyber Power for the Joint Force Commander: An Operational Design Framework

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-26

    William A. Owens, Kenneth W. Dam, and Herbert S. Lin, eds, Technology, Policy, Law, and Ethics Regarding U.S. Acquisition and Use of Cyberattack...and computer systems used in carrying out a mission.” 27 George J. Franz III, "Effective Synchronization and Integration of Effects Through...2007. Franz, George J. "Effective Synchronization and Integration of Effects Through Cyberspace for the Joint Warfighter." U.S. Cyber Command

  11. U.S. Joint Special Operations Forces: Two Few, Overworked, Young, Homogenous & Macho to Fulfill the Unconventional Demands of the Long War?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-28

    OVERWORKED, YOUNG, HOMOGENOUS, & MACHO TO FULFILL THE UNCONVENTIONAL DEMANDS OF THE LONG WAR? SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR...U.S. Joint Special Operations Forces: Two Few, Overworked, Young, Homogenous & Macho to Fulfill the Unconventional Demands of the Long War? 5a...Executive Summary Title: U.S. Joint Special Operations Forces: Too Few, Overworked, Young, Homogenous, & Macho to Fulfill the Unconventional

  12. STS payloads mission control study. Volume 2-A, Task 1: Joint products and functions for preflight planning of flight operations, training and simulations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1976-01-01

    Specific products and functions, and associated facility availability, applicable to preflight planning of flight operations were studied. Training and simulation activities involving joint participation of STS and payload operations organizations, are defined. The prelaunch activities required to prepare for the payload flight operations are emphasized.

  13. Comparing military and civilian critical thinking and information processes in operational risk management: what are the lessons?

    PubMed

    VanVactor, Jerry D; Gill, Tony

    2010-03-01

    Business continuity has expanded into a discipline that spans most functional areas of large enterprises. Both the military and financial sectors have consistently demonstrated an aptitude to expand the boundaries of continuity planning and crisis mitigation. A comparison of both enterprises is provided to see how their respective methodologies compare. Interestingly, the similarities far outweigh the differences. The paper provides commentary related to comparative insight from risk practitioners' perspectives from within the US Army, one of the largest military organisations in the world, and the Bank of Montreal, one of Canada's leading financial institutions.

  14. Marine Special Operations Helicopter Unit: Viability in the Joint Force of 2020

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-18

    Operations Squadron (SOS). Known as the “ Pony Express,” they operated the CH-3 in various 4 “unconventional warfare” 10 missions. However...Hornets,” continued through the Vietnam War operating the newer UH-1F/P model, some of which were flown in the “ Pony Express,” previous to the

  15. Joint Intelligence Operations Center (JIOC) Baseline Business Process Model & Capabilities Evaluation Methodology

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-01

    Targeting Review Board OPLAN Operations Plan OPORD Operations Order OPSIT Operational Situation OSINT Open Source Intelligence OV...Analysis Evaluate FLTREPs MISREPs Unit Assign Assets Feedback Asset Shortfalls Multi-Int Collection Political & Embasy Law Enforcement HUMINT OSINT ...Embassy Information OSINT Manage Theater HUMINT Law Enforcement Collection Sort Requests Platform Information Agency Information M-I Collect

  16. Interdicting Maritime Migrant Smuggling -- Applying Some Concepts of Operational Art to Coast Guard Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-23

    SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES A paper submitted to the Naval War College faculty in partial satisfaction of the requirements of the Joint Military Operations...ABSTRACT The issue of illegal human trafficking, smuggling, and migration in the maritime domain presents a challenge to the organizations charged with...LIEUTENANT COMMANDER, U.S. COAST GUARD A paper submitted to the faculty of the Naval War College in partial satisfaction of the requirements of Joint

  17. If You Don’t Know Where You Are Going, You Probably Will End Up Somewhere Else: Computer Network Operations Force Presentation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-01

    joint operational planning ( JOP ). One has to read doctrine carefully to find specific mention of how operational planning is conducted but the...Planning, which is the “joint template for military planning.”59 This is significant because JOP is intentionally designed for the operational...can support or enable operational art in other domains. It then continues with a reference to JP 5-0 to utilize JOP . Since operational art

  18. Effect of oxygen-absorbing packaging on the shelf life of a liquid-based component of military operational rations.

    PubMed

    Gomes, Carmen; Castell-Perez, M Elena; Chimbombi, Ezekiel; Barros, Frederico; Sun, Dazhi; Liu, Jia Daniel; Sue, Hung-Jue; Sherman, Peter; Dunne, Patrick; Wright, Alan O

    2009-01-01

    Oxygen within the sealed package can reduce the quality of liquid-based food products with high oil content such as hot-filled meal-ready-to-eat (MRE) cheese spread, a component of military operational rations. The aim of this study was to test a novel oxygen absorber-containing laminate material and its ability to maintain and/or extend shelf life of a cheese-spread MRE item. An iron-based oxygen absorber (ABSO(2)RB(R)) activated by moisture was incorporated into the laminate and used to pack hot-filled cheese spread MREs. The kinetics of oxygen absorption due to humidity and temperature were characterized and peel tests performed to ensure pouch seal integrity. Accelerated shelf-life tests of ABSO(2)RB and regular MRE pouches without the O(2)-absorber were conducted for 3 mo at 51.7 degrees C (125 degrees F), and 6 mo at 37.8 degrees C (100 degrees F) by measuring oxygen concentration (Mocon O(2)-analyzer), microbiological, and physicochemical quality characteristics, including color, texture, moisture, free fatty acid (FFA), pH, water activity, and vitamins and A. Pouches stored at 26.7 degrees C (80 degrees F) for 12 mo served as calibrated controls. Consumer tests were conducted in-house and a confirmatory sensory test was conducted at Natick by a trained panel using a 9-point hedonic scale. ABSO(2)RB-laminates maintain the same seal integrity and strength as those of the control samples. The headspace oxygen concentrations in these pouches reached (P < 0.05) < 0.5% in 11 d of storage at 26.7 degrees C (80 degrees F) and remained below this level throughout the storage period (1 y). No microbial growth (aerobic, coliforms, yeast, and molds) was detected (P < 0.05) for both packages. Overall, the ABSO(2)RB-pouches indicate an improved reduction in oxygen and vitamin C retention compared with MRE controls and maintained product quality (physicochemical and organoleptic). ABSO(2)RB-laminates met the accelerated shelf-life requirement of 1 mo at 51.7 degrees C

  19. Joint collaborative technology experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wills, Michael; Ciccimaro, Donny; Yee, See; Denewiler, Thomas; Stroumtsos, Nicholas; Messamore, John; Brown, Rodney; Skibba, Brian; Clapp, Daniel; Wit, Jeff; Shirts, Randy J.; Dion, Gary N.; Anselmo, Gary S.

    2009-05-01

    Use of unmanned systems is rapidly growing within the military and civilian sectors in a variety of roles including reconnaissance, surveillance, explosive ordinance disposal (EOD), and force-protection and perimeter security. As utilization of these systems grows at an ever increasing rate, the need for unmanned systems teaming and inter-system collaboration becomes apparent. Collaboration provides a means of enhancing individual system capabilities through relevant data exchange that contributes to cooperative behaviors between systems and enables new capabilities not possible if the systems operate independently. A collaborative networked approach to development holds the promise of adding mission capability while simultaneously reducing the workload of system operators. The Joint Collaborative Technology Experiment (JCTE) joins individual technology development efforts within the Air Force, Navy, and Army to demonstrate the potential benefits of interoperable multiple system collaboration in a force-protection application. JCTE participants are the Air Force Research Laboratory, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Airbase Technologies Division, Force Protection Branch (AFRL/RXQF); the Army Aviation and Missile Research, Development, and Engineering Center Software Engineering Directorate (AMRDEC SED); and the Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center - Pacific (SSC Pacific) Unmanned Systems Branch operating with funding provided by the Joint Ground Robotics Enterprise (JGRE). This paper will describe the efforts to date in system development by the three partner organizations, development of collaborative behaviors and experimentation in the force-protection application, results and lessons learned at a technical demonstration, simulation results, and a path forward for future work.

  20. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 372 - Overseas Military Personnel Charter Operator's Surety Bond Under Part 372 of the Special...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Overseas Military Personnel Charter... CFR Part 372) A Appendix A to Part 372 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF... (X-57), Office of Aviation Analysis, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC 20590,...

  1. The medial and lateral epicondyle as a reliable landmark for intra-operative joint line determination in revision knee arthroplasty

    PubMed Central

    Sen, T.; Cankaya, D.; Kendir, S.; Basarır, K.; Tabak, Y.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives The purpose of this study was to develop an accurate, reliable and easily applicable method for determining the anatomical location of the joint line during revision knee arthroplasty. Methods The transepicondylar width (TEW), the perpendicular distance between the medial and lateral epicondyles and the distal articular surfaces (DMAD, DLAD) and the distance between the medial and lateral epicondyles and the posterior articular surfaces (PMAD, DLAD) were measured in 40 knees from 20 formalin-fixed adult cadavers (11 male and nine female; mean age at death 56.9 years, sd 9.4; 34 to 69). The ratios of the DMAD, PMAD, DLAD and PLAD to TEW were calculated. Results The mean TEW, DMAD, PMAD, DLAD and PLAD were 82.76 mm (standard deviation (sd) 7.74), 28.95 mm (sd 3.3), 28.57 mm (sd 3), 23.97 mm (sd 3.27) and 24.42 mm (sd 3.14), respectively. The ratios between the TEW and the articular distances (DMAD/TEW, DLAD/TEW, PMAD/TEW and PLAD/TEW) were calculated and their means were 0.35 (sd 0.02), 0.34 (sd 0.02), 0.28 (sd 0.03) and 0.29 (sd 0.03), respectively. Conclusion This method provides a simple, reproducible and reliable technique enabling accurate anatomical joint line restoration during revision total knee arthroplasty. Cite this article: B. Ozkurt, T. Sen, D. Cankaya, S. Kendir, K. Basarır, Y. Tabak. The medial and lateral epicondyle as a reliable landmark for intra-operative joint line determination in revision knee arthroplasty. Bone Joint Res 2016;5:280–286. DOI: 10.1302/2046-3758.57.BJR-2016-0002.R1. PMID:27388715

  2. DEVELOPMENT, INSTALLATION AND OPERATION OF THE MPC&A OPERATIONS MONITORING (MOM) SYSTEM AT THE JOINT INSTITUTE FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH (JINR) DUBNA, RUSSIA

    SciTech Connect

    Kartashov,V.V.; Pratt,W.; Romanov, Y.A.; Samoilov, V.N.; Shestakov, B.A.; Duncan, C.; Brownell, L.; Carbonaro, J.; White, R.M.; Coffing, J.A.

    2009-07-12

    The Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC&A) Operations Monitoring (MOM) systems handling at the International Intergovernmental Organization - Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) is described in this paper. Category I nuclear material (plutonium and uranium) is used in JINR research reactors, facilities and for scientific and research activities. A monitoring system (MOM) was installed at JINR in April 2003. The system design was based on a vulnerability analysis, which took into account the specifics of the Institute. The design and installation of the MOM system was a collaborative effort between JINR, Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Financial support was provided by DOE through BNL. The installed MOM system provides facility management with additional assurance that operations involving nuclear material (NM) are correctly followed by the facility personnel. The MOM system also provides additional confidence that the MPC&A systems continue to perform effectively.

  3. [Operative corrections of posttraumatic deformities of the elbow joint in children].

    PubMed

    Eberl, R; Weinberg, A M

    2010-02-01

    Posttraumatic deformities with need for surgical correction are rare and demanding in the pediatric population. The consequences of a bad outcome may last a life time. The best prevention of deformities around the elbow joint is proper initial treatment. The most common deformities are cubitus varus, cubitus valgus, chronic dislocation of the radial head and pseudarthrosis of the radial condyle. In contrast to the wide spread opinion to await the effect of the further growth, the deformity should be treated contemporarily to the underlying injury. This strategy will optimize the outcome. In special cases treatment with delay is justified.

  4. An Analysis of the Twenty-Nine Capabilities of the Marine Corps Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Hostage Recovery ITG Initial Terminal Guidance JEO JTF Enabling Operations JTF Join Task Force JTT Joint/Combined Training/Instruction Team LAR Light...Limited Expeditionary Airfield Operations (EAO). 27. Show of Force Operations (SOFO). 28. JTF Enabling Operations ( JEO ). 29. Sniping Operations (SNO...Relief (HA/DR) Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) Airfield/Port Seizure (APS) Show of Force Operations (SOFO) JTF Enabling Operations ( JEO

  5. A Methodology for Examining Collateral Effects on Military Operations during a Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and/or Nuclear Attack - Operational Effectiveness Loss Multiplier (OELM)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-01

    heat stress while wearing protective equipment,22 adverse reactions to medical countermeasures, or psychological stress experienced by those...the decontamination procedures for chemical-, biological-, and nuclear-agent incidences. An examination of these procedures reveals virtually ...Values need to determine losses due to CS are difficult to establish because data pertaining to psychological stress effects of military personnel in

  6. An evolving joint space campaign concept and the Army's role

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Franke, Henry G., III

    1992-05-01

    This monograph examines the question of an evolving joint space campaign concept and the Army's role in it over the next 20 years. Analysis progresses logically through a series of topics in order to arrive at a complete picture of this evolutionary space campaign concept, as well as the Army's place in it. Space plays an increasingly important role in US military operations, particularly when tied together with advances in information management. The synergistic impact due to the combination of these two areas suggests a revolution in the nature of modern warfare which saw its emergence during the 1991 Gulf War. With this theme in mind, I review the Army's roles, missions, and historical involvement in space, then present technological opportunities and a perspective on investment strategies for military space. A detailed discussion of a near-term military space theory and current space doctrines supports the need for an accepted military space theory as a foundation for Joint and Service space doctrines, space campaign design and conduct, and space force generation. The basis for such a theory is established using Julian Corbett's maritime warfare theory as a point of departure, while recognizing that space as a unique military operating medium requires its own theory and a regime to govern the application of space forces.

  7. Longitudinal assessment of gender differences in the development of PTSD among US military personnel deployed in support of the operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.

    PubMed

    Jacobson, Isabel G; Donoho, Carrie J; Crum-Cianflone, Nancy F; Maguen, Shira

    2015-09-01

    Divergent findings from previous research examining gender differences in the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among US military members deployed to the operations in Iraq or Afghanistan (recent operations) prompted this study utilizing a matching approach to examine whether risk for new-onset PTSD and PTSD severity scores differed by gender. US military members from the Millennium Cohort Study deployed in support of the recent operations were followed for approximately 7 years from baseline through 2 follow-up periods between 2001 and 2008. Propensity score matching was used to match 1 male to each female using demographic, military, and behavioral factors including baseline sexual assault. Analyses were stratified by combat experience defined as reporting at least one of five exposures during follow-up. Outcome measures included a positive screen for PTSD and severity scores measured by the PTSD Patient Checklist-Civilian Version. Discrete-time survival analysis quantified the association between gender and incident PTSD. Among 4684 matched subjects (2342 women and men), 6.7% of women and 6.1% of men developed PTSD during follow-up. Results showed no significant gender differences for the likelihood of developing PTSD or for PTSD severity scores among women and men who reported combat experience and among those who did not. This study is the first of its kind to match a large population of male and female service members on important baseline characteristics including sexual assault. Findings suggest that while combat deployed personnel develop PTSD, women do not have a significantly different risk for developing PTSD than men after experiencing combat.

  8. Evaluating the U.S. Military’s Development of Strategic and Operational Doctrine for Non-Lethal Weapons in a Complex Security Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Another book by Nick Lewer and Steven Schofield, Non-Lethal Weapons: A Fatal Attraction?8, expresses concern about the development and misuse of...of weapons and use military-style tactics and operational behavior.”9 Nick Lewer also edited a more recent book, The Future of Non-Lethal Weapons...Weapons,” The Future of Non-Lethal Weapons, edited by Nick Lewer (Portland 2002), 46. 84CSIS, “Non-Lethal Weapons Policy Study,” p. 12. 85Ibid

  9. Joint Operational Targeting: Who’s In Charge: CINC, JFACC or JTCB

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-05-06

    General Arnold, ARGENT Operations Officer reported during the war: "Air support-related Issues continue to plague final preparations for offensive...Component Central Command, ARGENT ; Marine Component Central Command, MARCE5T; ITavy Component Central Command, NAVCEUT, and the Special Operations...Component Central Command, SOCCENT.56 (Figure 7) USCENTCOM COMMAND STRUCTURE (US FORCES) ARGENT USCINCCENT CENTAF (JFACC) MARCENT NAVCENT

  10. Redefining Projections of Disease and Nonbattle Injury Patient Condition Code Distributions with Casualty Data from Operation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-07-30

    1.18% 1.70% 201 Strain lumbosacral sacroiliac joint chronic all cases 1.81% 2.61% 148 Sprain ankle closed acute with complete ligament rupture 0.02...database and the Joint Patient Tracking Application were used to identify US military DNBI casualties during the time period of 01 March 2003 to 30...level and scope of medical support needed for a joint operation, as well as provides the capability of evaluating probable courses of action for a

  11. Evaluation of the Military Acute Concussion Evaluation for use in combat operations more than 12 hours after injury.

    PubMed

    Coldren, Rodney L; Kelly, Mark P; Parish, Robert V; Dretsch, Michael; Russell, Michael L

    2010-07-01

    The diagnosis and management of concussion can be difficult in a combat environment, especially in the absence of loss of consciousness or post-traumatic amnesia. As no validated test exists to diagnose or grade neurocognitive impairment from a concussion, the military currently employs the Military Acute Concussion Evaluation (MACE) in Iraq. This is a two-part test, which incorporates the standardized assessment of concussion (SAC) as its objective score, although it has not been shown to be valid unless administered shortly after injury. A research team deployed to Iraq between January and April 2009 to examine the validity of several tests of neurocognitive function following a concussion, including the MACE. When administered more than 12 hours after the concussive injury, the MACE lacked sufficient sensitivity and specificity to be clinically useful.

  12. ’For the Cause’ Cadiz and the Peninsular War: Military and Siege Operations from 1808 to 1812

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-01-01

    the established political, economic, and social life of Europe. The impact of French Philosophers such as Voltaire and Montesquieu along with English...French Revolution, such as local self-government, economic freedom for the merchants, and a flexible social structure based on ability, appealed to the...of enthusiasm to carry on the fight. Compounding the military and social situation of the siege, the Junta and Wellesley had to contend with a French

  13. Joint Battle Command - Platform (JBC-P) Multi-Service Operational Test and Evaluation Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    a low success rate in interrogating radio frequency identification ( RFID ) tags. JBC-P Log allowed operators to create duplicate RFID tags that...Identification ( RFID ) tag interrogation, and reporting and message exchange with the Battle Command Sustainment Support System (BCS3). The JBC-P Log provides...celestial or terrestrial), which increases network robustness during mission operations.  JBC-P Log Capability– JBC-P Log provides RFID tag

  14. Liquid temperature determination in a seasonal heat storage at joint operation with a solar collector and thermal energy consumer

    SciTech Connect

    Sivoraksha, V.E.; Zolotko, K.E.; Markov, V.L.; Petrov, B.E.; Lyagushyn, S.F.

    1998-07-01

    Usual solar thermal systems include a solar collector providing solar power conversion into the thermal form and a heat storage accumulating thermal energy, the great capacity of storage systems allows heating and hot water supply during the cold season. The joint operation of the solar collector and a seasonal heat storage has a cyclic mode day by day. The following operation scheme is analyzed in the paper: in night liquid (water) does not circulate; after sunrise the solar collector is warmed up and after its temperature reaching the temperature of water in the thermal energy storage TTS circulation is switched on and thermal power is transferred to the heat storage; after midday water temperature in the solar collector decreases and circulation stops when it becomes equal to the heat storage temperature. TTS increase results in the reduction of the duration of the joint operation of the solar collector and the energy storage and in the decrease of the heat power input. A functional connection between the daily input of power from the solar collector and an average temperature in the heat storage is of importance for technological calculations. The moments of the beginning and end of circulation and daily heat input from the solar collector are determined under the assumption of the sinusoidal law of solar radiation coming in the day-time. Then the heat balance equation is solved for the whole power system with taking into account power consumption and heat losses. The polynomial approximation for the dependence of heat input upon heat carrier temperature permits obtaining an analytical solution for the seasonal behavior of the liquid temperature in the thermal energy storage. The obtained dependence of TTS upon time allows calculation of this parameter with admissible accuracy at the stage of the project development proceeding from the performance of the solar collector and heat storage and from the averaged meteorological data.

  15. Psychological and Physiological Selection of Military Special Operations Forces Personnel (Selection psychologique et physiologique des militaires des forces d’operations speciales)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-01

    Cognitive Function during Stressful Military Training’ Lieutenant-Colonel Tony Littrell Presentation: ‘Overview of USASOC’ viii...physical pressures with quick recovery. In addition, they must be stable and stress -resistant, able to overcome fears, and endure and maintain...these tests into a single battery would be labour intensive and time consuming. Because several studies have demonstrated a strong link between working

  16. Recent Human Factors Contributions to Improve Military Operations (Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Bulletin. Volume 46, Number 12, December 2003)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-12-01

    operations run the full gamut from large-scale, theater-wide combat, as witnessed in Operation Iraqi Freedom, to small-scale operations against terrorists, to... gamut from large-scale, theater-wide combat, as witnessed in Operation Iraqi Freedom, to small-scale operations against terror- ists, to operations

  17. Linearizing the joint torque characteristics of an electric direct-drive robot for high performance control of in-contact operations

    SciTech Connect

    Muir, P.F.

    1992-01-01

    Many robot control algorithms for high performance in-contact operations including hybrid force/position, stiffness control and impedance control approaches require the command of the joint torques. However, most commercially available robots do not provide joint torque command capabilities. The joint command at the user level is typically position or velocity and at the control developer level is voltage current, or pulse-width, and the torque generated is a nonlinear function of the command and joint position. To enable the application of high performance in-contact control algorithms to commercially available robots, and thereby facilitate technology transfer from the robot control research community to commercial applications, a practical methodology has been developed to linearize the torque characteristics of electric motor-amplifier combinations. A four degree-of-freedom Adept 2 robot, having pulse-width modulation amplifiers and both variable reluctance and brushless DC motors, is converted to operate from joint torque commands to demonstrate the methodology. The average percentage torque deviation over the command and position ranges is reduced from as much as 76% to below 5% for the direct-drive joints 1, 2 and 4 and is cut by one half in the remaining ball-screw driven joint 3. 16 refs., 16 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. [Intersectoral experience to bridge the gap between human resources in public health and the technical-operational level for Peruvian Voluntary Military Service members].

    PubMed

    Romaní-Romaní, Franco; Curisinche-Rojas, Maricela; Arteaga, Norka Rojas; Lopez, Pedro Riega; Cabezas, César

    2016-01-01

    There is a gap between human resources and technical-operational education that limits the Peruvian health system's ability to implement public health interventions. The Peruvian Ministry of Health, through the National Health Institute and the Ministry of Defense, implemented a Public Health Training Program addressed to young full-time military servicemen, on the basis of the competency profile of a public health technician. The program consists of seven thematic units given in 390 hours, 200 of which correspond to classroom and field practices. Between July 2014 and December 2015, the program has been carried out in 10 venues of the three armed forces, training and certifying 405 young servicemen. The intervention provides the military service with an additional educational benefit, making it more appealing as a chance for development and opens up a line of work in the public health sector for young people in more remote areas. This experience seeks to increase public health-trained human resources to a technical-operational level. In collaboration with regional governments, graduates are expected to be welcomed and included in the public health system.

  19. Developing Military Health Care Leaders: Insights from the Military, Civilian, and Government Sectors.

    PubMed

    Kirby, Sheila Nataraj; Marsh, Julie A; McCombs, Jennifer Sloan; Thie, Harry J; Xia, Nailing; Sollinger, Jerry M

    2011-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Defense has highlighted the importance of preparing health care leaders to succeed in joint, performance-based environments. The current wartime environment, rising health care costs, and an increased focus on joint operations have led to recommendations for Military Health System (MHS) transformation. Part of that transformation will involve improving the identification and development of potential MHS leaders. An examination of how candidates are identified for leadership positions, the training and education opportunities offered to them, and the competencies they are expected to achieve revealed both a range of approaches and several commonalities in the military, civilian, and government sectors. A conceptual framework guided a series of interviews with senior health care executives from a wide range of organizations and military health care leaders from the Army, Navy, and Air Force, as well as a case study of the leader development approaches used by the Veterans Health Administration. Several themes emerged in terms of how leaders are developed in each sector, including the importance of mentoring, career counseling, 360-degree feedback, self-development, and formal education and training programs. Lessons learned in the civilian and government sectors hold importance for transforming the way in which MHS identifies and develops health care officers with high leadership potential for senior executive positions.

  20. Physiotherapy at a distance: a controlled study of rehabilitation at home after a shoulder joint operation.

    PubMed

    Eriksson, Lisbeth; Lindström, Britta; Gard, Gunvor; Lysholm, Jack

    2009-01-01

    We explored the benefit of video communication in home rehabilitation after shoulder joint replacement and compared it to referral for physiotherapy in the conventional way. A total of 22 patients were included in the study. The intervention group (n = 10) had training at home under the supervision of a physiotherapist at the hospital using videoconferencing. The control group (n = 12) had physiotherapy training in a conventional way in their home town. All patients had the same postoperative, three-phase-programme for two months. The outcome measures were a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain, range of motion (ROM), shoulder function ability (Constant score and SRQ-S) and health-related quality of life (SF-36). Questions about areas of priority for improvement and general satisfaction with the shoulder were also included. The telemedicine group received a greater number of treatments compared to the control group. After the intervention, there were significant improvements in VAS-pain, Constant score and SRQ-S for both groups. The telemedicine group improved significantly more in all three measurements than the control group (P < 0.001 for all). When changes from baseline to follow-up were compared, the telemedicine group improved significantly more in terms of decrease in pain (P = 0.004) and vitality (P = 0.001) than the control group. Despite some limitations, there seem to be clear benefits from physiotherapy at a distance with a telemedicine technique that allows patients to obtain access to physiotherapy at home.

  1. The Joint Committee for Traceability in Laboratory Medicine (JCTLM) - its history and operation.

    PubMed

    Jones, Graham R D; Jackson, Craig

    2016-01-30

    The Joint Committee for Traceability in Laboratory Medicine (JCTLM) was formed to bring together the sciences of metrology, laboratory medicine and laboratory quality management. The aim of this collaboration is to support worldwide comparability and equivalence of measurement results in clinical laboratories for the purpose of improving healthcare. The JCTLM has its origins in the activities of international metrology treaty organizations, professional societies and federations devoted to improving measurement quality in physical, chemical and medical sciences. The three founding organizations, the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM), the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) and the International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC) are the leaders of this activity. The main service of the JCTLM is a web-based database with a list of reference materials, reference methods and reference measurement services meeting appropriate international standards. This database allows manufacturers to select references for assay traceability and provides support for suppliers of these services. As of mid 2015 the database lists 295 reference materials for 162 analytes, 170 reference measurement procedures for 79 analytes and 130 reference measurement services for 39 analytes. There remains a need for the development and implementation of metrological traceability in many areas of laboratory medicine and the JCTLM will continue to promote these activities into the future.

  2. Military Government

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1949-07-01

    CGSC MG MILITARY GOVERNMENT LIBHARY ARI\\’IY WAR COLLEGE CJ\\RLISLE BARRACKS, PAa This text is approved for resident and extension-course...and functions · of ’ military government . It conforms ·substantially to the subject matter , of Field Manual 27-5, Civil Affairs/ Military Government ...Teaching experience at the Command and General Staff College has ···--·demonstrated the need for a military government text which brings to- gether

  3. Should a Joint Logistics Command Be Developed to Support Contingency Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-03-20

    logistical effort while sustaining the forces. In this study, the assumption was made that the industrial base and transportation sy5stems would provide...discussed in light of economy of logistical effort while sustaining the forces. In this study, the assumption was made that the industrial base and...2 Future Contingency Operations............6 Logistica ~l Requirements of Unified Commanders............................... 8 Logistical

  4. Unmanned Systems: Operational Considerations for the 21st Century Joint Task Force Commander and Staff

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-08

    strength to deal with and overcome her battle with breast cancer . I wish to thank to the CARL library staff for their unwavering support in ensuring...conflict, such as Pakistan/ India or North Korea/Japan; (3) conducting operations in a CBRNE contaminated environment, such as in the event of a

  5. The ’In Lieu Of’ Myth. Airmen in Joint Ground Operations (Walker Paper, Number 13)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    deaths in the other 14 conflicts totaled 5,400, as follows: Burundi (100), Sudan (100), Uganda (200), Colombia (500), Peru (25), India (700...Contingencies. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 1995. ———. Army Forces for Operations Other than War. Santa Mon- ica , CA: RAND, 1997. Stockholm International Peace

  6. 76 FR 13445 - North Shore Railroad Company-Operation Exemption-SEDA-COG Joint Rail Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-11

    ... operating agreement between SEDA-COG and NSRR has recently been filed at the Board in Susquehanna Union R.R.-Control Exemption- N. Shore R.R., Nittany & Bald Eagle R.R., Shamokin Valley R.R., Juniata Valley R.R., Lycoming Valley R.R., and Union Cnty. Indus. R.R., FD 35343, Pet. for Exemption Ex.......

  7. Battle Environment Assessment for Commanders: A Concept of Support for Joint and Component Strategy and Operations.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-03-14

    focused application of decision aids. These decision aids must incorporate standardized processes, computer assisted artificial intelligence, linkage...Theater Planning. A Strategic-Operational Perspective,’ by COL MIke ,or i n Olesak, John, LTC Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, Inteligence , U S

  8. Is There a Need For a Joint Reserve Components Command?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    decades of operational experience, the U.S. military has largely embraced jointness as a matter of culture and practice, though we must always...composition and culture . These differences may stem from the proportion of the Service force structure they provide and the way in which their...the command structure, common language and culture . For example, the Navy leadership might complement a sailor for a job well done with the words

  9. IO Sphere: The Professional Journal of Joint Information Operations. Special Edition 2008

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    The major players built the new picture of the world through traditional media enviroments: movies in earlier times, and TV now. Ukraine, with...collaboration among larger communities of cyber Porn versus Terror Years ago, authorities noticed that child pornography websites, though often...opinion. It also turned out that Israel suffered from critical information leaks. Anyone could easily find movies , pictures, and operational charts

  10. Service Culture Effects on Joint Operations the Masks of War Unveiled

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    2004): 56-60. Builder, Carl and James A. Dewar . “A Time for Planning? If not Now, When?” Parameters (Summer, 1994): 4-15. Burns, William F... James R., Victory on the Potomac (College Park, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 2002), 44. 3 analysis of operations and strategy indicates...review is the legislation itself. Another source, James R. Locher III’s work, Victory on the Potomac, is an in depth analysis of the Goldwater

  11. A Decision Model for Merging Base Operations: Outsourcing Pest Management on Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-11-30

    operators and repairman; and (3) maintenance, which employs maintenance mechanics and carpenters . All three divisions work together to carry out pest...rodents,  3=insects, 4= bats/birds,  5= bees /wasps, 6=sml mammals,  7=lrg mammals, 8=gnrl trtmnt;  9=snakes) Description Work Center  (WCJP5E=In  House

  12. Joint Mental Health Advisory Team 7 (J-MHAT 7) Operation Enduring Freedom 2010 Afghanistan (REDACTED)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-02-22

    Marine platoons. Eighty -five surveys were collected from behavioral health personnel in the Afghanistan Theater of Operations (ATO). From 27 July to 14...with Soldiers, Marines and behavioral health personnel, and (d) wrote the technical briefing and draft report. The report contains four key...Factors In the conceptual model, behavioral health rates are driven by risk factors. In this report, risk factors are broken down into four major

  13. Modern Amphibious Operations: Why the United States Must Maintain a Joint Amphibious Forcible Entry Capability

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-23

    Advancement, Amphibious OperationsSummit," fuformationallecture, Washington Marriott , Washington, DC, July 25- 27, 2011. 4 Gabe Collins, "China dispatches...December 10, 2011). 34 54 James F. Amos, Surface Navy Association Symposium, Hyatt Regency Hotel Crystal City, VA, 13 January 2011, 3. 55 Combined...Marine Corps Speech,’’ George P. Shultz Lecture Series Marines’ Memorial Club and Hotel , San Francisco, CA, posted Aug 13,2010 http://www.youtube.com

  14. Joint Center for Operational Analysis Quarterly Bulletin. Volume 7, Issue 3, June 2005

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-01

    those gaps. The mechanism for this to occur is for lessons themes to be produced in the Fall for the Program’s Executive Council and Board of Directors;4...analyzing the interoperability gaps, determining the best solutions, and then forming the project teams to actually deliver the ABCA product falls to...2001. The Australian commitments to Afghanistan and Iraq were Operations SLIPPER, BASTILLE , FALCONER, and now CATALYST. Upon direction from the Chief

  15. Discarding the Saber: An Assessment of the Utility of the Phasing Construct in Operational Campaign Design

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    promulgated strategic military objectives, and General Franks’ identified operational objectives. Rooted in a series of plans called the “INFINITE RESOLVE...of Operational Net Assessment (Norfolk VA: Joint Warfighting Center Doctrinal Pamphlet Series 4, February 2004), 4. 39... series phenomena, and the complexity of its representations are only limited literally by the observer’s ability to understand them. Critical

  16. Regional Joint-Integrated Air and Missile Defense (RF-IAMD): An Operational Level Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) Command and Control (C2) Organization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-15

    attempt to balance various competing interests against the commander’s guidance and stated objectives. In this process targets are nominated...apportionment recommendations and decisions: the Joint Air Operations Plan (JAOP) and Air Operations Directive ( AOD ). 12...the JFACC’s plan to integrate and coordinate operations across all the phases of air power (0 through 5). The AOD is the JFACC’s written guidance which

  17. Influenza Risk Management: Lessons Learned from an A(H1N1) pdm09 Outbreak Investigation in an Operational Military Setting

    PubMed Central

    Farrell, Margaret; Sebeny, Peter; Klena, John D.; DeMattos, Cecilia; Pimentel, Guillermo; Turner, Mark; Joseph, Antony; Espiritu, Jennifer; Zumwalt, John; Dueger, Erica

    2013-01-01

    Background At the onset of an influenza pandemic, when the severity of a novel strain is still undetermined and there is a threat of introduction into a new environment, e.g., via the deployment of military troops, sensitive screening criteria and conservative isolation practices are generally recommended. Objectives In response to elevated rates of influenza-like illness among U.S. military base camps in Kuwait, U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3 partnered with local U.S. Army medical units to conduct an A(H1N1) pdm09 outbreak investigation. Patients/Methods Initial clinical data and nasal specimens were collected via the existent passive surveillance system and active surveillance was conducted using a modified version of the World Health Organization/U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention influenza-like illness case definition [fever (T > 100.5˚F/38˚C) in addition to cough and/or sore throat in the previous 72 hours] as the screening criteria. Samples were tested via real-time reverse-transcription PCR and sequenced for comparison to global A(H1N1) pdm09 viruses from the same time period. Results The screening criteria used in Kuwait proved insensitive, capturing only 16% of A(H1N1) pdm09-positive individuals. While still not ideal, using cough as the sole screening criteria would have increased sensitivity to 73%. Conclusions The results of and lessons learned from this outbreak investigation suggest that pandemic influenza risk management should be a dynamic process (as information becomes available regarding true attack rates and associated mortality, screening and isolation criteria should be re-evaluated and revised as appropriate), and that military operational environments present unique challenges to influenza surveillance. PMID:23874699

  18. Cultural Competence and the Operational Level of War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-20

    Paper Advisor(if Any): LTC Craig Gendreau, USA 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) AND ADDRESS(ES) 8... PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER Joint Military Operations Department Naval War College 686 Cushing Road Newport, RI 02841-1207...enlightenment” reached its apex when the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps jointly published the new Counterinsurgency Field Manual in 2007. The manual

  19. Military Operations Research Society Symposium (70th): Military Operations Research at the Next Frontier. Held at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas on 18-20 June 2002. Final Program and Book of Abstracts.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-05-20

    Threat-Mission Study) will be presented Update on the Weapon Assignment Model (WAM) Rachel Echternach United States Strategic Command Abstract...Stockage Policy Opportunities 2nd Lt Rachel Oates, USAF AFLMA/LGY 501 Ward St. Maxwell AFB Gunter, AL 36114 (334) 416-4524 (fax (334) 416-4638...NMN) -Joint Warare Analysis Center Carroll, DR Dennis P - Metron, Inc. Beers, Lt Col Suzanne M - SMC Det 1 1/CWSN Carson , Mr Keith R - ODCSSA

  20. Detailed side and overhead views of geologic features from joint panoramic and blimp operations

    SciTech Connect

    Chase, T.E.; Young, J.D. )

    1990-06-01

    A portion of the California coast, including the Loma Prieta earthquake damage at Moss Landing, is shown with the topography displayed from side and overhead viewing angles. This technique offers a different approach to mapping shorelines and studying the oceanographic forces creating and shaping these geologic features. Two pieces of equipment were developed to create these views. The first is a panoramic camera with viewing angles up to 360{degree} and two telephoto settings (70mm and 210mm) allowing a feature to be photographed from the same point with different lens magnifications. The second is a 20 ft helium-filled blimp with 35mm cameras mounted in a tray with a radio control receiver triggering the camera shutters after receiving a signal transmitted from a person on the ground. Video camcorders can also be carried. Tethered to the person on the ground, the blimp's height is determined by the amount of line payed out. Horizontal movement of the blimp is controlled by the operator walking or riding slowly in a boat or truck. The blimp can be flown at different elevations, remain in a stationary position for time-lapse photographs, or be moved about to prepare a mosaic of the area. Both systems can be used in remote areas because they are portable and the power supplies needed to operate are from lightweight batteries.