Science.gov

Sample records for jurisprudence and judicial processes

  1. [Refusal of the biological proof practice and the harm of the law to effective judicial guardianship in constitutional jurisprudence].

    PubMed

    Herrán Ortiz, Ana Isabel

    2007-01-01

    The Spanish Constitution protects the free investigation of the paternity on its 39.2 the article, in which is granted that possibility. This right is not absolute, it has limits, but those limits will have to be interpreted in a restrictive way due to the principles based on it, such as the legal equality of children, and the integral protection of them. In view of this, the sentences are a very valuable element to delimit the aplication of this right, and establish its limitations.

  2. An assessment of the existence and influence of psychoanalytic jurisprudence in the United States.

    PubMed

    Caudill, David S

    In light of the ongoing controversy over the value of psychoanalysis generally, this article summarizes the standards for scientific expertise in law and concludes that the future of psychoanalytic jurisprudence does not lie in the courtroom. After a brief survey of the history of psychoanalytic jurisprudence in legal contexts and institutions, I identify a revival of psychoanalytic jurisprudence, including (i) its association, primarily as a social theory, with Critical Legal Studies (in the US context), and (ii) the influence of Jacques Lacan in the legal academy. The unifying themes in this critical methodology include the construction of the subject through the language and rituals of the law, the failure of mainstream jurisprudence to be sufficiently critical of the legal status quo, and the repression or denial of injustices in legal history. Paralleling that revival, I note that a field of scholarship employing traditional Freudian conceptions is also currently engaging interdisciplinary legal studies, intervening in law reform efforts (particularly in criminal law), and criticizing the background assumptions and conventions in contemporary judicial opinions. I conclude that psychoanalysis is both threatening to mainstream legal culture and a rich source of insights for contemporary studies of legal processes and institutions.

  3. The judicial process: an overview from the TDA Council on Ethics and Judicial Affairs.

    PubMed

    Burk, Roy N

    2011-08-01

    From time to time, the Council on Ethics and Judicial Affairs must investigate and act on the alleged unethical behavior of Texas Dental Association members. Because the alleged behavior is directed at a colleague and TDA member, the work of the council is neither comfortable nor inviting. Nonetheless, council decisions are made taking into account its mission to investigate the allegation between the parties and to improve dental ethics in the state.

  4. Dealing with mentally ill domestic violence perpetrators: A therapeutic jurisprudence judicial model.

    PubMed

    Winick, Bruce J; Wiener, Richard; Castro, Anthony; Emmert, Aryn; Georges, Leah S

    2010-01-01

    People suffering from mental illness are increasingly referred to the domestic violence court. Yet the typical diversion programs available, including batterer's intervention programs, are inappropriate for those with serious mental illness. As a result, the Miami-Dade Domestic Violence Court has developed a new approach for dealing with this population that applies mental health court techniques in domestic violence court. This article will describe and discuss this pioneering model. It also will situate this model within the context of other problem-solving courts and discuss how the court uses principles and approaches of therapeutic jurisprudence. The paper presents some preliminary data that describe the social and legal characteristics of 20 defendants in the Domestic Violence Mental Health Court followed over a two year period between 2005 and 2007.

  5. Where Theory and Law Meet: Trends in Establishment Clause Jurisprudence in the US Federal Courts and Implications for Science Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Lance E.; Southerland, Sherry A.

    2013-01-01

    In this study, federal court opinions and writings of legal scholars, spanning 63 years of establishment clause jurisprudence in the US federal courts were analysed in an effort to determine dominant trends in judicial philosophy that are of significance to science educators. The study's findings suggest that the dominant legal theory underpinning…

  6. Judicial Checks and Balances

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    La Porta, Rafael; Lopez-de-Silanes, Florencio; Pop-Eleches, Cristian; Shleifer, Andrei

    2004-01-01

    In the Anglo-American constitutional tradition, judicial checks and balances are often seen as crucial guarantees of freedom. Hayek distinguishes two ways in which the judiciary provides such checks and balances: judicial independence and constitutional review. We create a new database of constitutional rules in 71 countries that reflect these…

  7. Pathologists and the judicial process: how to avoid it.

    PubMed

    Epstein, J I

    2001-04-01

    This review article covers the full range of issues concerning malpractice as it relates to pathologists. Following a brief summary as to the incidence and general statistics on the outcome of lawsuits as well as common pathology misdiagnoses resulting in lawsuits, the definition of malpractice is discussed. These include duty, breech of standard of care, proximal cause, and damage. Details are provided as to what a pathologist should do from the initial threat of a lawsuit, to the initial lawsuit, and through the initial physician/lawyer meeting. An in-depth analysis as to how pathologists should handle themselves through the discovery process and, in particular, deposition is provided. Plaintiff attorneys' goals at deposition are covered in depth. These goals include: 1) education about the pathologist's case and strategies; 2) impeachment of the pathologist's credibility; and 3) judgment as to how effective a witness the pathologist will be at trial. Various types of plaintiff's attorney at deposition are summarized. Also discussed is the post-deposition meeting with the legal representative, whether to settle, and specific issues relating to trial. Finally, general tips on how to avoid a lawsuit in pathology are reviewed.

  8. Legal Terms Used in Reception Order and their Relevance to Judicial Process

    PubMed Central

    Subramanian, Nakkeerar; Ramanathan, Rajkumar; Kumar, Venkatesh Madhan; Chellappan, Dhanabalan Kalingarayan Palayam; Ramasamy, Jeyaprakash

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Law governs the admission and management of involuntary admissions of mentally ill persons who are admitted under the provisions of the mental health act. The court directs the doctor to take charge of such persons. In the further dealings of such person the medical officer of the psychiatric facility comes across legal terms, which require understanding so that patients could be dealt with properly. Various terms such as accused, under police custody, judicial custody, remand prisoner, or under trial prisoner are used to denote their legal status. It is imperative for the medical officer to understand the nuances in the meanings of these terms. There are many times when the relevant section under which the admission is ordered is not found in the reception order. In these cases the terminology by which the patient is mentioned throws a light on the status of the patient. Towards this aim a study was carried out to assess the awareness and understanding of such terms by the faculty and post- graduates of a tertiary care hospital that deals with the admission and care of such patients. Method: They were administered a questionnaire containing these terms and asked to provide the meaning of these terms. Results: The results showed that nearly half the faculty and students were not having clarity in awareness or understanding of the terms. Discussion: Hence these terms and their meanings were gleaned from various judgments. The proper meaning of these terms and their use in judicial process and their importance is discussed. PMID:27833226

  9. Race, youth violence, and the changing jurisprudence of waiver.

    PubMed

    Feld, B C

    2001-01-01

    This article analyzes the legal history and jurisprudential theory of legislative offense-exclusion and prosecutorial waiver laws over the past quarter-century. Initially concerns about racial discrimination and civil rights motivated the Supreme Court in Kent v. United States to require due process in judicial waiver hearings. Offense-exclusion and "direct file" laws evolved and expanded in direct reaction to Kent as lawmakers sought simple and expedient alternatives to judicial waiver hearings. The "just deserts" sentencing movement of the 1970s, which advocated determinate and presumptive offense-based sentences, provided a conceptual alternative to judicial discretion and a jurisprudential rationale for offense exclusion laws. Research on delinquent and criminal careers in the 1970s, which initially promised empirically grounded selective incapacitation sentencing strategies, provided another conceptual foundation for offense-based waiver laws that focused on youths' prior records. Finally, offense exclusion provided a politically attractive strategy for "get tough" public officials who proposed to "crack down" on "baby boom" increases in youth crime. The jurisprudential shift in sentencing emphases from considerations of the offender to characteristics of the offense relocated waiver and sentencing discretion from judges to prosecutors. By the early 1990s, as a result of political "crack-downs" on youth crime, the scope of excluded offense legislation increased substantially, became overly inclusive and excessively rigid, and exhibited many of the negative features associated with mandatory sentencing laws.

  10. Ethical Sentiments and the Role of Literature in the Jurisprudence Seminar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penrod, Lynn

    2010-01-01

    This article focuses on a typical law and literature jurisprudence seminar and the use of literary texts in this type of class to foster the development of "ethical sentiments" in future legal practitioners. While the majority of jurisprudence courses within a standard law curriculum tend to use political theory, philosophical, or socio-cultural…

  11. Therapeutic jurisprudence and mental health courts for Maori.

    PubMed

    Toki, Valmaine

    2010-01-01

    For Maori, indigenous peoples of New Zealand, the Treaty of Waitangi required the Crown to protect all the treasures of Maori. This has been taken to include health and cultural concepts, values and practices. Despite this guarantee studies indicate that half of all Maori will develop a mental disorder within their lifetime. Failure by the Crown to provide adequate services has led to those who have already developed a mental illness more predisposed to engage in behaviour that the law regards as criminal. This article suggests that the Treaty principles such as partnership, active protection and participation place an onus upon the Crown to protect and provide for the health needs and cultural identity of Maori. It is proposed that a Mental Health Court underpinned by therapeutic jurisprudence can provide a solution.

  12. The fallibility of memory in judicial processes: lessons from the past and their modern consequences.

    PubMed

    Howe, Mark L; Knott, Lauren M

    2015-01-01

    The capability of adult and child witnesses to accurately recollect events from the past and provide reliable testimony has been hotly debated for more than 100 years. Prominent legal cases of the 1980s and 1990s sparked lengthy debates and important research questions surrounding the fallibility and general reliability of memory. But what lessons have we learned, some 35 years later, about the role of memory in the judicial system? In this review, we focus on what we now know about the consequences of the fallibility of memory for legal proceedings. We present a brief historical overview of false memories that focuses on three critical forensic areas that changed memory research: children as eyewitnesses, historic sexual abuse and eyewitness (mis)identification. We revisit some of the prominent trials of the 1980s and 1990s to not only consider the role false memories have played in judicial decisions, but also to see how this has helped us understand memory today. Finally, we consider the way in which the research on memory (true and false) has been successfully integrated into some courtroom procedures.

  13. The fallibility of memory in judicial processes: Lessons from the past and their modern consequences

    PubMed Central

    Howe, Mark L.; Knott, Lauren M.

    2015-01-01

    The capability of adult and child witnesses to accurately recollect events from the past and provide reliable testimony has been hotly debated for more than 100 years. Prominent legal cases of the 1980s and 1990s sparked lengthy debates and important research questions surrounding the fallibility and general reliability of memory. But what lessons have we learned, some 35 years later, about the role of memory in the judicial system? In this review, we focus on what we now know about the consequences of the fallibility of memory for legal proceedings. We present a brief historical overview of false memories that focuses on three critical forensic areas that changed memory research: children as eyewitnesses, historic sexual abuse and eyewitness (mis)identification. We revisit some of the prominent trials of the 1980s and 1990s to not only consider the role false memories have played in judicial decisions, but also to see how this has helped us understand memory today. Finally, we consider the way in which the research on memory (true and false) has been successfully integrated into some courtroom procedures. PMID:25706242

  14. Audiovisual communication and therapeutic jurisprudence: Cognitive and social psychological dimensions.

    PubMed

    Feigenson, Neal

    2010-01-01

    The effects of audiovisual communications on the emotional and psychological well-being of participants in the legal system have not been previously examined. Using as a framework for analysis what Slobogin (1996) calls internal balancing (of therapeutic versus antitherapeutic effects) and external balancing (of therapeutic jurisprudence [TJ] effects versus effects on other legal values), this brief paper discusses three examples that suggest the complexity of evaluating courtroom audiovisuals in TJ terms. In each instance, audiovisual displays that are admissible based on their arguable probative or explanatory value - day-in-the-life movies, victim impact videos, and computer simulations of litigated events - might well reduce stress and thus improve the psychological well-being of personal injury plaintiffs, survivors, and jurors, respectively. In each situation, however, other emotional and cognitive effects may prove antitherapeutic for the target or other participants, and/or may undermine other important values including outcome accuracy, fairness, and even the conception of the legal decision maker as a moral actor.

  15. Justice and justiciability: advancing solidarity and justice through South Africans' right to health jurisprudence.

    PubMed

    Forman, Lisa

    2008-09-01

    The South African Constitutional Court's jurisprudence provides a path-breaking illustration of the social justice potential of an enforceable right to health. It challenges traditional objections to social rights by showing that their enforcement need not be democratically unsound or make zero-sum claims on limited resources. Indeed the South African experience suggests that enforcing health rights may in fact contribute to greater degrees of collective solidarity and justice as the Court has sought to ensure that the basic needs of the poor are not unreasonably restricted by competing public and private interests. This approach has seen the Court adopt a novel fights paradigm which locates individual civil and social rights within a communitarian framework drawing from the traditional African notion of'ubuntu', denoting collective solidarity, humaneness and mutual responsibilities to recognize the respect, dignity and value of all members of society. Yet this jurisprudence also illustrates the limits of litigation as a tool of social transformation, and of social rights that remain embedded in ideological baggage even where they have been constitutionally entrenched and enforced. This paper explores the Constitutional Court's unfolding jurisprudence on the right to health, providing background to the constitutional entrenchment of a justiciable right to health; exploring early Constitutional Court jurisprudence on this right; turning to the forceful application of this right in relation to government policy on AIDS treatment; and concluding with thoughts about the strengths and limits of this jurisprudence in light of subsequent case-law.

  16. [Informing patients in otorhinolaryngology: legislation, jurisprudence, and incidences in practice].

    PubMed

    Manaouil, C; Strunski, V

    2007-03-01

    The law of March 4, 2002 is the pedestal of legal responsibility in medicine in France. This law resumed data stemming from the jurisprudence but innovated also by establishing for example the "confidant" person and the direct access of the patient to his medical file. This law established or strengthened the rights of the patients: respect for dignity, respect for refusal of care, right to end-of-life care, right to adequate analgesia, right to the respect for professional confidentiality but also right to the information. The obligation of information is justified by the respect for the autonomy of the patient and by the necessity of obtaining a free and lit assent. Information is not only a preliminary to the medical act; it has to be done before, during and after. In case of complication, it will be reinforced. The information has to deal with the necessity of the medical act, the expected benefits, the possible urgency, the consequences, the normally predictable frequent or severe complications, the alternatives and the predictable consequences in case of refusal. The oto-laryngologist can refuse to perform an act prescribed by a colleague that he considers useless or too dangerous as compared to the benefit expected. The surgical oto-laryngologist in private practice has to prove that he informed his patient and it is his (compulsory) malpractice insurance that financially compensates the patient in case insufficient information leads the patient to lose his or her chance to refuse treatment. If the surgical oto-laryngologist practices in a public hospital, the establishment has to bring this proof of sufficient information, and in case of litigation, the hospital must provide compensation. One will note that the more difficult it is to justify the medical act, the less the judges tend to tolerate insufficient patient information. If the indication of the act is indisputable from a medical standpoint, then legally there is usually no ground for litigation due

  17. The past, present and future of mental health law: a therapeutic jurisprudence analysis.

    PubMed

    Allan, Alfred

    2003-01-01

    This article uses a therapeutic jurisprudence perspective to review the evolution of mental health law in the Western world by examining developments at various stages in history, in particular the 20th century. It suggests that one of the major challenges for the future, from a therapeutic jurisprudence perspective, will be to help minimise the stigma, prejudice and discrimination associated with mental health law. The article concludes with the suggestion that the question of whether mental health law itself, because it contributes to discrimination against mentally disordered people, may be anti-therapeutic requires more investigation and consideration.

  18. Protective/Restrictive Orders and Judicial Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pickerell, Albert G.

    The issue of whether judicial orders restricting access to court proceedings should be subject to a procedural hearing, the standing of the media in such hearings, and the role of the media in the entire process are analyzed in this paper. The various sections of the paper deal with the following topics: the procedural plan, proposed to the…

  19. Student Rights and the Special Characteristics of the School Environment in American Jurisprudence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blokhuis, J. C.

    2015-01-01

    In American jurisprudence, there can be no presumption of constitutional rights coextensive with those of adults for children in any institutional context. This includes public schools, in part because of the legal status of minors and in part because the "special characteristics of the school environment" are predicated on a…

  20. 31 CFR 576.508 - Judicial process in legal proceedings involving ecological accidents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Judicial process in legal proceedings involving ecological accidents. 576.508 Section 576.508 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to... § 576.508 Judicial process in legal proceedings involving ecological accidents. The Office of...

  1. 31 CFR 576.508 - Judicial process in legal proceedings involving ecological accidents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Judicial process in legal proceedings involving ecological accidents. 576.508 Section 576.508 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to... § 576.508 Judicial process in legal proceedings involving ecological accidents. The Office of...

  2. Where Theory and Law Meet: Trends in establishment clause jurisprudence in the US federal courts and implications for science education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    King, Lance E.; Southerland, Sherry A.

    2013-03-01

    In this study, federal court opinions and writings of legal scholars, spanning 63 years of establishment clause jurisprudence in the US federal courts were analysed in an effort to determine dominant trends in judicial philosophy that are of significance to science educators. The study's findings suggest that the dominant legal theory underpinning the adjudication of establishment clause cases on the US Supreme Court has undergone a shift from one that emphasizes separation of church and state to one that favours integration of religion in the public sphere. This development poses significant challenges to science educators who are charged with the task of teaching in accordance with state science standards that emphasize topics that are considered controversial (e.g. evolution and global climate change) by many in the faith-based community. These findings constitute a basis for forecasting future actions in US courts regarding the role of government in establishing religious practices in the public sphere-particularly where such actions intersect with the roles of teachers in the nation's public K-12 science classrooms. Finally, we argue that scientists and science educators must adopt an assertive stance in defining science in curricular frameworks, providing something for the courts to draw upon in future decisions.

  3. The critical perspective in psychological jurisprudence theoretical advances and epistemological assumptions.

    PubMed

    Arrigo, Bruce A

    2002-01-01

    The critical perspectives of psychological jurisprudence identified above, along with their corresponding epistemological assumptions, reflect a radical agenda for change at the law-psychology divide. Although not exhaustively reviewed, the individual theories represent different approaches by which structural reform can be enacted and citizen well-being can therefore be realized. Collectively, the critical perspectives and their attending presuppositions challenge conventional wisdom about prospects for transforming (i.e., humanizing) the legal apparatus. I submit that the future viability of the law-psychology movement, and its overall utility for society, considerably depends on its capacity to facilitate and secure such widespread change. By focusing on critical theoretical inquiry, this article makes painfully clear that much of what is wrong with the legal system, especially in its interactions with and interpretations of people, cannot be amended or solved through it. Indeed, as Roesch (1995) observed, "changes in the justice system will never be sufficient to create a just society, nor will within system changes by themselves ever have much of an impact on individuals who come into conflict with the law" (p. 3). I agree. Accordingly, it is time to move on and, where necessary, to look elsewhere for guidance. The radical agenda in psychological jurisprudence represents a provocative strategy, providing a meaningful basis for critique and a sustainable basis for reform. Both are integral to the call for justice embodied in the founding of the AP-LS decades ago. Realizing this challenge, however, remains an unfulfilled dream. Thus, the task that awaits is to apply the insights of critical psychological jurisprudence to relevant areas of research and policy. I submit that the academy can ill afford to dismiss this task. Indeed, in the final analysis, to do so would not only defer prospects for justice but would destroy its very possibility, especially for

  4. Islam, brain death, and transplantation: culture, faith, and jurisprudence.

    PubMed

    Arbour, Richard; AlGhamdi, Hanan Mesfer Saad; Peters, Linda

    2012-01-01

    A significant gap exists between availability of organs for transplant and patients with end-stage organ failure for whom organ transplantation is the last treatment option. Reasons for this mismatch include inadequate approach to potential donor families and donor loss as a result of refractory cardiopulmonary instability during and after brainstem herniation. Other reasons include inadequate cultural competence and sensitivity when communicating with potential donor families. Clinicians may not have an understanding of the cultural and religious perspectives of Muslim families of critically ill patients who may be approached about brain death and organ donation. This review analyzes Islamic cultural and religious perspectives on organ donation, transplantation, and brain death, including faith-based directives from Islamic religious authorities, definitions of death in Islam, and communication strategies when discussing brain death and organ donation with Muslim families. Optimal family care and communication are highlighted using case studies and backgrounds illustrating barriers and approaches with Muslim families in the United States and in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia that can improve cultural competence and family care as well as increase organ availability within the Muslim population and beyond.

  5. Producing a Tribal Citizenry Literate in Law and Jurisprudence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wall, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    The relationship between American Indians and the U.S. federal government and state governments is complicated. It is a relationship that controls almost all aspects of tribal life and has resulted in American Indians being the most legislated people in the United States. For many years tribal people relied on non-Native attorneys to help navigate…

  6. Therapeutic jurisprudence and outpatient commitment law: Kendra's Law and case study.

    PubMed

    Perlin, Michael L

    2003-01-01

    This article considers the implications of assisted outpatient commitment laws (OPC), with specific focus on New York's "Kendra's Law" through the lens of therapeutic jurisprudence (TJ). In this article, the author offers perspectives on the relationship between involuntary civil commitment, outpatient commitment, and the concept of the "least restrictive alternative"; considers pertinent empirical research, and looks at OPC's controversial relationship to forced drugging. Here, the civil libertarian critique is briefly considered, as well as the MacArthur Research Network research. Finally, the author looks closely at Kendra's Law, providing a brief overview of the law itself, and identifying some "pressure points" and pivotal issues, and considers the TJ implications of Kendra's Law, to determine how it "fits" into the public's "take" on all of mental disability law.

  7. Disability inquiries shorn from Chicago's judicial review process.

    PubMed

    1997-03-07

    The Chicago Bar Association changed the wording of the questions it routinely asks judicial candidates for election and appointment to the bench. Prior to the change, the request for information was so broad that the bar association could learn the candidate's HIV status through a questionnaire that gave the result of the candidate's last physical examination. The new wording better reflects the spirit and intent of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).

  8. [Bioethical language in the law and jurisprudence about bioethical problems].

    PubMed

    Corral García, Eduardo

    2013-01-01

    The impact is analyzed that on the Spanish Law relative to questions bioethics--as the Law on artificial reproduction, the Law of biomedical investigation, and the Law on sexual and reproductive health--can have the conception of human embryo enunciated by the Court of Justice of the European Union in his judgment of October 18, 2011, considering it to be any ovum fertilized with independence of the degree of reached development.

  9. The Supreme Court, abortion, and the jurisprudence of class.

    PubMed Central

    Mariner, W K

    1992-01-01

    The US Supreme Court's decision in Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v Casey both protects a woman's liberty to choose to terminate her pregnancy and permits the state to make it more difficult for her to exercise her choice. In their opinion on the case, Justices O'Connor, Kennedy, and Souter eloquently defend constitutional protection of the right to make intimate decisions like continuing or ending a pregnancy. At the same time, they permit the state to try to persuade pregnant women not to have abortions and to make abortion harder to obtain and more costly, as long as the state's methods do not create an "undue burden" on the decision. Any restriction on abortion is a burden; whether it is "undue" (and therefore unconstitutional) depends on one's circumstances. The Court appears to view the difference between an undue burden and mere inconvenience from the perspective of privilege. The restrictions that were upheld may not significantly affect middle-class access to abortion, but they could prove insurmountable for many less privileged women. PMID:1443311

  10. International jurisprudence on trade and environmental health: one step forward, two steps back?

    PubMed

    Timmermans, Karin

    2008-01-01

    Since the creation of the World Trade Organization (WTO), there has been considerable debate regarding the impact of its rules on public health. By contrast, the role of the WTO dispute settlement mechanism has received little attention, even though the bodies responsible for settling disputes are the ultimate interpreters of WTO rules and agreements. To date, three WTO disputes that relate to occupational and/or environmental health have been fully litigated. A review of the decisions and reasoning in these cases indicates that WTO jurisprudence is evolving, as Panels and the Appellate Body try--with varying degrees of success--to balance countries' rights and obligations under international trade agreements with their right to protect occupational and environmental health. Disputes between nations can have an impact beyond the parties concerned, and raise questions about the relationship between trade agreements and other international agreements, especially multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs).

  11. Biomedical engineers and participation in judicial executions: capital punishment as a technical problem.

    PubMed

    Doyle, John

    2007-01-01

    This paper discusses the topic of judicial execution from the perspective of the intersection of the technological issues and the professional ethics issues. Although physicians are generally ethically forbidden from any involvement in the judicial execution process, this does not appear to be the case for engineering professionals. This creates an interesting but controversial opportunity for the engineering community (especially biomedical engineers) to improve the humaneness and reliability of the judicial execution process.

  12. 44 CFR 5.8 - Records involved in litigation or other judicial process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Records involved in litigation or other judicial process. 5.8 Section 5.8 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION...

  13. 31 CFR 576.508 - Judicial process in legal proceedings involving ecological accidents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... involving ecological accidents. 576.508 Section 576.508 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to... § 576.508 Judicial process in legal proceedings involving ecological accidents. The Office of Foreign... accident (including an oil spill) that occurred after May 22, 2003....

  14. Cloning: A Review on Bioethics, Legal, Jurisprudence and Regenerative Issues in Iran

    PubMed Central

    Nabavizadeh, Seyedeh Leila; Mehrabani, Davood; Vahedi, Zabihallah; Manafi, Farzad

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, the cloning technology has remarkably developed in Iran, but unfortunately, the required legal framework has not been created to support and protect such developments yet. This legal gap may lead to abuse of scientific researches to obtain illegal benefits and to undermine the intellectual property rights of scientists and researchers. Thus to prevent such consequences, the attempts should be made to create an appropriate legal-ethical system and an approved comprehensive law. In this review we concluded that the right method is guiding and controlling the cloning technology and banning the technique is not always fruitful. Of course, it should be taken into accounts that all are possible if the religion orders human cloning in the view of jurisprudence and is considered as permission. In other words, although the religious order on human cloning can be an absolute permission based on the strong principle of permission, it is not unlikely that in the future, corruption is proved to be real for them, Jurists rule it as secondary sanctity and even as primary one. If it is proved, the phenomenon is considered as example of required affairs based on creation of ethical, social and medical disorders, religious and ethical rulings cannot be as permission for it, and it seems that it is a point that only one case can be a response to it and it needs nothing but time. PMID:27853684

  15. Discrimination, developmental science, and the law: addressing dramatic shifts in civil rights jurisprudence.

    PubMed

    Levesque, Roger J R

    2014-01-01

    The civil rights movement fostered dramatic shifts in legal responses to discrimination based on race, gender, and a host of other group characteristics. The legal system now evinces yet another dramatic shift, as it moves from considering difference to focusing on neutrality, from efforts that seek to counter subjugation to those that adopt a "color-blind" approach. The shifting approach already has reached laws regulating responses to the group that spurred massive civil rights reform: minority youth. The shift requires a different body of empirical evidence to address it and a new look at equality jurisprudence. This article notes the need to turn to the current understanding of prejudice and discrimination for guidance, and uses, as illustration, developmental science to shed light on the development, manifestation, and alleviation of invidious discrimination. Using that understanding, the analysis details how the legal system can benefit from that research and better address discrimination in light of dramatic changes in law. The article articulates the need to address discrimination by recognizing and enlisting the law's inculcative powers through multiple sites of inculcation, ranging from families, schools, health and justice systems to religious and community groups. The discussion concludes with brief suggestions for reform benefiting from understandings of prejudice and its expression.

  16. Lineage and the rights of cloned child in the islamic jurisprudence.

    PubMed

    Moeinifar, Mohaddeseh; Ardebeli, Faezeh Azimzadeh

    2012-10-01

    Lineage in the Islamic law is one of the most basic human rights each individual inherits from his family. When modern assisted reproductive technologies appeared in recent decades, the issue of lineage and the child's rights did not encounter serious challenges. But with the advent of these technologies, the issue of the child's lineage resulting from new technologies has become the center of attention. These technologies have a large share in the field of medicine. A new technique known as cloning has entered the realm of science and technology. Considering the possibility of the widespread use of this technique, the subject of cloned child's lineage and his/her rights would be one of the major issues related to this subject. In this paper, the authors have examined the various aspects of the subject and the opinions of theologians in this regard in order to present a best solution to this issue. In fact, the fundamental concern in this paper is to figure out the relationship between the cloned child, the cell donor, the egg donor and the owner of the uterus. In this paper, after considering the concepts of the parentage and identical twins' relationship would be explored and then a detailed analysis of the parental relationship and the Shiite jurisprudence scholars' opinion on these issues would be presented. Finally, the rights of cloned children would be taken into consideration.

  17. Lineage and the Rights of Cloned Child in the Islamic Jurisprudence

    PubMed Central

    Moeinifar, Mohaddeseh; Ardebeli, Faezeh Azimzadeh

    2012-01-01

    Lineage in the Islamic law is one of the most basic human rights each individual inherits from his family. When modern assisted reproductive technologies appeared in recent decades, the issue of lineage and the child's rights did not encounter serious challenges. But with the advent of these technologies, the issue of the child's lineage resulting from new technologies has become the center of attention. These technologies have a large share in the field of medicine. A new technique known as cloning has entered the realm of science and technology. Considering the possibility of the widespread use of this technique, the subject of cloned child's lineage and his/her rights would be one of the major issues related to this subject. In this paper, the authors have examined the various aspects of the subject and the opinions of theologians in this regard in order to present a best solution to this issue. In fact, the fundamental concern in this paper is to figure out the relationship between the cloned child, the cell donor, the egg donor and the owner of the uterus. In this paper, after considering the concepts of the parentage and identical twins’ relationship would be explored and then a detailed analysis of the parental relationship and the Shiite jurisprudence scholars' opinion on these issues would be presented. Finally, the rights of cloned children would be taken into consideration. PMID:23926545

  18. "Too stubborn to ever be governed by enforced insanity": Some therapeutic jurisprudence dilemmas in the representation of criminal defendants in incompetency and insanity cases.

    PubMed

    Perlin, Michael L

    2010-01-01

    Little attention has been paid to the importance of the relationship between therapeutic jurisprudence (TJ) and the role of criminal defense lawyers in insanity and incompetency-to-stand-trial (IST) cases. That inattention is especially noteworthy in light of the dismal track record of counsel providing services to defendants who are part of this cohort of incompetency-status-raisers and insanity-defense-pleaders. On one hand, this lack of attention is a surprise as TJ scholars have, in recent years, turned their attention to virtually every other aspect of the legal system. On the other hand, it is not a surprise, given the omnipresence of sanism, an irrational prejudice of the same quality and character of other irrational prejudices that cause (and are reflected in) prevailing social attitudes of racism, sexism, homophobia, and ethnic bigotry, that infects both our jurisprudence and our lawyering practices. Sanism is largely invisible and largely socially acceptable, and is based predominantly upon stereotype, myth, superstition, and deindividualization. It is sustained and perpetuated by our use of alleged "ordinary common sense" (OCS) and heuristic reasoning in an unconscious response to events both in everyday life and in the legal process. This paper examines the literature that seeks to apply TJ principles to the criminal law process in general, drawing mostly on the work of Professor David Wexler. It considers why the lack of attention that I have referred to already is surprising (given TJ's mandate and the fact that many TJ issues are inevitably raised in any insanity or IST case). The paper then considers why this lack of attention is not surprising, given the omnipresence of sanism. It will consider some of the actual counseling issues that might arise in these contexts, and offer some suggestions to lawyers representing clients in cases in which mental status issues may be raised. The paper concludes that we must rigorously apply therapeutic

  19. Board of Curators of the University of Missouri v. Horowitz: Student Due Process Rights and Judicial Deference to Academic Dismissals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brock, Allan D.

    1979-01-01

    The Horowitz case is consistent with the general reluctance of courts to sustain constitutional challenges to decisions by educators in academic matters. Precedent is heavily weighted in favor of the academic community and should be overcome in future challenges. (Journal availability: Willamette University College of Law, Salem, OR 97301, $5.00…

  20. Interstitial Jurisprudence Illustrated in Teaching Criminal Law

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Funk, David A.

    1975-01-01

    The incorporation of criminal law theory into the first-year criminal law course is discussed as an example of adding the jurisprudence of specific subject matters to standard courses. Jurisprudential issues appropriate for study are suggested along with guidelines for teaching techniques, selection of materials, and use of class time. (JT)

  1. Judicial Views of Parole Decision Processes: A Social Science Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metchik, Eric

    1992-01-01

    Notes that future prospects for parole at the federal and state levels are increasingly unclear. Presents a way to integrate various conceptions of parole according to the broader sentencing framework within which board members operate. Discusses implications for due process requirements at parole hearings and guidelines reform efforts. (Author/NB)

  2. Therapeutic Jurisprudence in Health Research: Enlisting Legal Theory as a Methodological Guide in an Interdisciplinary Case Study of Mental Health and Criminal Law.

    PubMed

    Ferrazzi, Priscilla; Krupa, Terry

    2015-09-01

    Studies that seek to understand and improve health care systems benefit from qualitative methods that employ theory to add depth, complexity, and context to analysis. Theories used in health research typically emerge from social science, but these can be inadequate for studying complex health systems. Mental health rehabilitation programs for criminal courts are complicated by their integration within the criminal justice system and by their dual health-and-justice objectives. In a qualitative multiple case study exploring the potential for these mental health court programs in Arctic communities, we assess whether a legal theory, known as therapeutic jurisprudence, functions as a useful methodological theory. Therapeutic jurisprudence, recruited across discipline boundaries, succeeds in guiding our qualitative inquiry at the complex intersection of mental health care and criminal law by providing a framework foundation for directing the study's research questions and the related propositions that focus our analysis.

  3. Reversing the historical tide of iatrogenic harm: A therapeutic jurisprudence analysis of increases in arrests of domestic batterers and rapists.

    PubMed

    Simon, Leonore M J; Ellwanger, Steven J; Haggerty, John

    2010-01-01

    Therapeutic jurisprudence (TJ) proposes that the law is a social force that can heal or cause harm to parties in a legal action. Historically, women victims of intimate partner rape and domestic violence could not seek justice in the legal system because police, like other actors in the justice system, treated these offenses as private matters or fabrications. In domestic violence and intimate rape cases, TJ is concerned with the needs of the victims, and how the law and police play a role in increasing their well-being. In this article, we use a TJ approach to the study of police responsiveness to victims of these offenses by investigating arrests of the offenders pursuant to law reforms that encourage or mandate arrest. Given that in these offenses, victims have the lowest reporting rates of any violent crime, the victim decision to call the police represents an expectation that the mere physical presence of a police officer may redefine the nature of the violence from a private conflict to a societal wrong that will not be tolerated. Police partnership with and treatment of the victim with respect and dignity can change the dynamics of the violence, terminate the violence, and set the criminal justice process in motion by arresting the offender in most cases. Police arrest, and subsequent prosecution and conviction, sends a message to offenders that society does not tolerate their violence, and allows the victim to begin to heal. Yet, past research indicates that police are less likely to arrest intimates than acquaintances and strangers in misdemeanor and aggravated assault, rape, and sexual assault cases. Using the National Incidence Reporting System (NIBRS) for the year 2000, we examine police arrests of intimate partner rape and domestic violence in jurisdictions with mandatory and presumptive arrest policies compared to police arrests in full discretion jurisdictions. We also ascertain whether arrest rates are higher for strangers and acquaintances than for

  4. Prevention of suicide: police powers, parliamentary intent and judicial interpretation.

    PubMed

    Mendelson, Danuta

    2009-05-01

    While in most countries suicide is no longer a crime, it is also acknowledged that the state has an interest in the preservation of human life, the prevention of suicide, and the protection of vulnerable persons from harming themselves. In a civil, secular and democratic society, however, the public law principle of state protective powers has to be balanced against the private law principle of personal autonomy (personal self-determination). Under the doctrine of autonomy, competent adults of sound mind can make legally binding voluntary choices, including the so-called "death-choice" (refusal of life-sustaining or life-prolonging treatment as well as suicide). To add to the complexity, whereas the powers of the state in relation to suicide and its prevention have been codified, the concepts of personal autonomy and personal liberty are grounded in common law. Kirkland-Veenstra v Stuart [2008] Aust Torts Reports 81-936; [2008] VSCA 32, which is at present being considered by the High Court of Australia, exemplifies tensions that arise in the suicide-prevention area of jurisprudence. This article explores the powers and duties of police officers in relation to suicide prevention and the notion of mental illness by reference to the Kirkland-Veenstra case, the relevant statutory framework and the common law.

  5. 34 CFR 222.159 - When and where does a party seek judicial review?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When and where does a party seek judicial review? 222... Hearings and Judicial Review Under Section 8011 of the Act § 222.159 When and where does a party seek... administrative hearing proceeding under this subpart wishes to seek judicial review, the LEA or State...

  6. Judicial astrology in theory and practice in later medieval Europe.

    PubMed

    Carey, Hilary M

    2010-06-01

    Interrogations and elections were two branches of Arabic judicial astrology made available in Latin translation to readers in western Europe from the twelfth century. Through an analysis of the theory and practice of interrogations and elections, including the writing of the Jewish astrologer Sahl b. Bishr, this essay considers the extent to which judicial astrology was practiced in the medieval west. Consideration is given to historical examples of interrogations and elections mostly from late medieval English manuscripts. These include the work of John Dunstaple (ca. 1390-1453), the musician and astrologer who is known have served at the court of John, duke of Bedford. On the basis of the relatively small number of surviving historical horoscopes, it is argued that the practice of interrogations and elections lagged behind the theory.

  7. 76 FR 27089 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure. ACTION: Notice...

  8. 75 FR 11560 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure. ACTION: Notice...

  9. 78 FR 21977 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States, Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure. ACTION: Notice...

  10. 78 FR 76177 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure. ACTION: Notice...

  11. 77 FR 12078 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure....

  12. 77 FR 70466 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure. ACTION: Notice...

  13. 77 FR 72884 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure....

  14. 78 FR 52785 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Appellate Procedure. ACTION:...

  15. 77 FR 30025 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States. ACTION: Notice of open meeting. SUMMARY: The Committee on...

  16. 77 FR 72885 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence. ACTION: Notice of...

  17. 77 FR 72885 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure. ACTION: Notice of open...

  18. 77 FR 72885 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Criminal Procedure. ACTION:...

  19. 78 FR 53159 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Criminal Procedure. ACTION:...

  20. 77 FR 72885 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Appellate Procedure. ACTION:...

  1. 78 FR 45564 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure....

  2. ["Phylogenetic presumptions"--can jurisprudence terms promote comparative biology?].

    PubMed

    Pesenko, Iu A

    2005-01-01

    The paper presents the results of a critical analysis of the "phylogenetic presumptions" conception by means of its comparison with the hypothetic-deductive method of the phylogeny reconstruction within the framework of the evolutionary systematics. Rasnitsyn (1988, 2002) suggested this conception by analogy with the presumption of innocence in jurisprudence, where it has only moral grounds. Premises of all twelve the "phylogenetic presumptions" are known for a long time as the criteria of character homology and polarity or as the criteria of relationship between organisms. Many of them are inductive generalizations based on a large body of data and therefore are currently accepted by most of taxonomists as criteria or corresponding rules, but not as presumptions with the imperative "it is true until the contrary is proved". The application of the juristic term "presumption" in phylogenetics introduces neither methodical profits, nor anything to gain a better insight of problems of the phylogenetic reconstruction. Moreover, it gives ill effects as, by analogy with a judicially charged person and his legal defense, it allows a researcher not to prove or substantiate his statements on characters and relationships. Some of Rasnitsyn's presumptions correspond to criteria, which have been recognized as invalid ones on the reason of their non-operationality (presumption "apomorphic state corresponds more effective adaptation") or insufficient ontological grounds (presumptions "are more complex structure is apomorphic", "the most parsimonious cladogram is preferable", and "one should considered every to be inherited").

  3. Judicial Attitude toward Legal Rights and AIDS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stavis, Paul F.

    1989-01-01

    Caselaw that functions as law until statutes are enacted has been characteristic of legal issues surrounding the HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) and AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) diseases. In most cases such caselaw has protected the civil rights of persons with HIV/AIDS under established law as well as the traditions of Western…

  4. John Porter Book Prize Lecture: Bringing the Social Back In-On the Integration of Muslim Immigrants and the Jurisprudence of Muslim Minorities.

    PubMed

    Kazemipur, Abdolmohammad

    2016-11-01

    In much of the academic debate on the integration of Muslims into Western liberal democracies, Islam is often treated as one or the sole independent variable in the lives of Muslims. Offering to view Islam-or the understanding of Islam among Muslims-as the dependent variable, The Muslim Question in Canada discusses the influence of socioeconomic forces in shaping the Muslim immigrants' opinions, modes of thinking, and even interpretations of their faith. Drawing on this general approach, which is introduced and developed in the book using a variety of both quantitative and qualitative data, this article focuses on a school of thought within the Islamic jurisprudence known as fiqh al-aqalliyyat al-Muslema (the jurisprudence of Muslim minorities). The premise of the jurisprudence of Muslim minorities is that the lived realities of Muslims who reside in non-Muslim countries are so fundamentally different from those of the Muslim-majority nations that traditional Islamic jurisprudence cannot offer meaningful solutions for their problems. Therefore, there is a need to establish an entirely different jurisprudential approach centered around the lives of the Muslim minorities. The purpose of the bulk of jurisprudential theorization efforts in this line of reasoning is to facilitate the lives of the Muslim minorities; as well, they aim to create a foundation for the moral obligations of Muslims toward non-Muslims in such environments. I argue that a crucial element that triggers such a development is the existence of a positive relationship between Muslims and non-Muslims in immigrant-receiving countries. Souvent au sein des débats sur l'intégration des Musulmans dans des démocraties libérales de l'Ouest, l'Islam est traité comme un ou le seul enjeu dans la vie des fidèles. The Muslim Question in Canada examine l'Islam ou la compréhension de l'Islam chez les Musulmans comme un enjeu dépendent et aborde l'influence des forces socio-économiques sur les opinons des

  5. Restructuring of the jurisprudence course taught at the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College

    PubMed Central

    Gleberzon, Brian J.

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: The process by which the jurisprudence course was restructured at the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College is chronicled. Method: A Delphi process used to restructure the course is described, and the results of a student satisfaction survey are presented. Results: When asked “I think this material was clinically relevant,” over 81% of the 76 students who respondents strongly agreed or agreed with this statement; 100% of students agreed or strongly agreed that scope of practice; marketing, advertising and internal office promotion; record keeping; fee schedules; malpractice issues and; professional malpractice issues and negligence was clinically relevant. When asked “I think this material was taught well,” a minimum of 89% of students agreed or strongly agreed with this statement. Discussion: This is the first article published that described the process by which a jurisprudence course was developed and assessed by student survey. Summary: Based on a survey of student perceptions, restructuring of the jurisprudence course was successful in providing students with clinically relevant information in an appropriate manner. This course may serve as an important first step in development a ‘model curriculum’ for chiropractic practice and the law courses in terms of content, format and assessment strategies. PMID:20195427

  6. Critical incidents and judicial response during medium security treatment.

    PubMed

    Jeandarme, Inge; Wittouck, Ciska; Vander Laenen, Freya; Pouls, Claudia; Heimans, Henri; Oei, T I; Bogaerts, Stefan

    This study examined inpatient incidents in three Flemish forensic medium security units and analyzed the subsequent judicial reactions to these incidents. During medium security treatment, incidents were reported for more than half of the participants. The most frequently registered incidents were non-violent in nature, such as absconding and treatment non-compliance. The base rate for physically violent incidents was low. Although crime-related incidents during medium security treatment were rarely prosecuted and adjudicated, the base rate of revocation - and hence drop-out from treatment - as a result of these incidents was high.

  7. [Limits of pain treatment: medical and judicial aspects].

    PubMed

    Zenz, M; Rissing-van Saan, R

    2011-08-01

    Medical principles of pain treatment are generally in line with the judicial principles. To relieve pain is one of the fundamentals of medicine and this has also been acknowledged by the Federal Court in Germany. It is criminal bodily harm, when a physician denies a possible pain treatment. Whereas courts clearly see an obligation to basic and continuing education in pain diagnosis and therapy, pain is still not represented in the German licensing regulations for physicians. Only palliative medicine has been added to the obligatory curriculum. Very similar pain is not mandatory in many clinical disciplines leaving physicians without the needed knowledge to treat pain. The need for interdisciplinary treatment is not yet acknowledged sufficiently, although meanwhile chronic pain is regarded as a bio-psycho-social illness.Since 2009 the advance directive is regulated by law. However, still many physicians are unaware that not only the position of the patient but also of the relatives have been strengthened. In 2010 the Federal Court has pronounced a judgment allowing "passive euthanasia" in certain conditions but prohibiting any active handling even in line with the patient's will. This is also in line with the European Human Rights Convention. The judicial unpunished assisted suicide has provoked an ethical discussion within the medical profession. However, what is not illegal is not automatically accepted as ethical handling for physicians. Palliative medicine is at least one alternative in this discussion.

  8. Limitations of cadaveric organ donation on judicial cases and problems confronted in autopsy: Istanbul data in comparative perspective.

    PubMed

    Arslan, M N; Esen Melez, I; Melez, D O; Cavlak, M; Gur, A

    2014-04-01

    Organ transplantation is one of the most important services of modern medicine to the humanity. In judicial death cases the interaction between judicial needs and transplantation needs is inevitable and both should be provided in a short time before the decomposition of the body. Thus, the description of this interaction and the algorithm which should be carried out to manage these cases are important. Aim of this study is to determine the problems confronted in forensic autopsies and to determine what to do for both judicial processes' and cadaveric organ donations' not becoming limited due to each other. With these aims, autopsy case archive of the Council of Forensic Medicine Istanbul Morgue Department was reviewed, between the years 2009 and 2011, to reveal the number of organ donors among autopsy cases and also to find out the judicial problems confronted during autopsies. Among 12,016 judicial death cases referred to Istanbul Morgue Department in 3 years, 35 cases were found to have undergone cadaveric solid organ harvesting procedure and 307 cases cornea-only harvesting procedure. Manner of deaths for organ donor cases were blunt trauma due to traffic accident in 20 cases, firearm injury in 3 cases, stabbing in 2 cases, suspicious criminal battery in 4 cases and fatal falls in 5 cases. Only 1 case was suspected to have died due to high dose insulin administration. Through the whole data presented in this study, it can be concluded that consulting with the Forensic Medicine Expert not only for the autopsies but also during the clinical process of a judicial case, who is a candidate to be an organ donor, is absolutely important. The early contribution of the Forensic Medicine Expert would provide help to plan both the judicial process and the transplantation process which needs urgent decisions. A Forensic Medicine Expert may be an organ harvest team member performing initial investigations on the cause of death and collecting some of the toxicological

  9. Social Science Research: A Chronology for Judicial and Legislative Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, David G., Sr.

    The influence of social science research on educational policy, particularly since the 1954 Brown vs Board of Education decision, has been significant. The paper presents an historical overview of the judicial use of social science data. Three questions are investigated: to what extent has social science influenced judicial decision-making? what…

  10. The Impact of Judicial Reform on Crime Victimization and Trust in Institutions in Mexico.

    PubMed

    Blanco, Luisa

    2016-01-01

    This article studies the impact of judicial reform in Mexico. It does so using a survey about crime victimization and perceptions of insecurity (Encuesta Nacional Sobre la Inseguridad [ENSI]) collected in 2005, 2008, and 2009 in 11 Mexican cities, 3 of which implemented the reform in 2007 and 2008. This analysis shows that judicial reform not only reduces victimization but also lowers perceptions of security. Although we find that judicial reform has a negative effect on trust in the local and federal police, judicial reform reduces the probability of being asked by the transit police for a bribe.

  11. A Mere Footnote? "An American Dilemma" and Supreme Court School Desegregation Jurisprudence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Jon G.; O'Neill, Linda J.

    2011-01-01

    This article provides historical and legal context for recent U.S. Supreme Court school desegregation decisions. The Supreme Court's race-based and race-neutral arguments from "Brown" (1954) to "Parents Involved" (2007) are examined within their broader context. Policy implications and potential support for diversity goal…

  12. The cognitive interview method of conducting police interviews: eliciting extensive information and promoting therapeutic jurisprudence.

    PubMed

    Fisher, Ronald P; Geiselman, R Edward

    2010-01-01

    Police officers receive little or no training to conduct interviews with cooperative witnesses, and as a result they conduct interviews poorly, eliciting less information than is available and providing little support to assist victims overcome psychological problems that may have arisen from the crime. We analyze the components of a typical police interview that limits the amount of information witnesses communicate, and which militate against victims' overcoming psychological problems. We then describe an alternative interviewing protocol, the Cognitive Interview, which enhances witness recollection and also likely contributes to victims' well being. The component elements of the Cognitive Interview are described, with emphasis on those elements that likely promote better witness recollection and also help to assist victims' psychological health.

  13. Definition of life law and the situation with problems of China's life jurisprudence.

    PubMed

    Liu, Changqiu

    2008-12-01

    Life law is a new conception brought by the development of modern life science and biotechnology. There are many different ideas on the conception of life law in academy. The definition of life law should be footed on the domain of bioethics. Based on bioethics, life law is a group of legislations which are enacted or acknowledged by the state and implemented by the state compulsively with the goal of regulating all types of relations revolving the survival as well as terminal of human beings and some other creatures which play important roles in the maintenance of human's life and health. There are many problems in China's study on science of life law, which need paying special attention to by China's scholars.

  14. Toward a jurisprudence of drug regulation.

    PubMed

    Herder, Matthew

    2014-01-01

    Efforts to foster transparency in biopharmaceutical regulation are well underway: drug manufacturers are, for example, legally required to register clinical trials and share research results in the United States and Europe. Recently, the policy conversation has shifted toward the disclosure of clinical trial data, not just trial designs and basic results. Here, I argue that clinical trial registration and disclosure of clinical trial data are necessary but insufficient. There is also a need to ensure that regulatory decisions that flow from clinical trials - whether positive (i.e., product approvals) or negative (i.e., abandoned products, product refusals, and withdrawals) - are open to outside scrutiny. Further, a jurisprudence of drug regulation is needed. I develop two arguments motivated by (1) innovation concerns and (2) the value of good governance in support of openly publishing all final decisions for approved, abandoned, refused, and withdrawn products. After articulating why greater transparency in regulatory decision-making is needed, I distil four essential features of a jurisprudence of drug regulation that prescribe policy changes in terms not only of the transparency of regulatory outcomes and the underlying reasoning, but also regulatory organization.

  15. Genetically Modified Foods at the Intersection of the Regulatory Landscape and Constitutional Jurisprudence.

    PubMed

    Ghoshray, Saby

    2015-01-01

    An ecosystem...[y] ou always intervene and change something in it, but there's no way of knowing what all the downstream effects will be or how it might affect the environment. We have such a miserably poor understanding of how the organism develops from its DNA that I would be surprised if we don't get one rude shock after another.

  16. The response of Islamic jurisprudence to ectopic pregnancies, frozen embryo implantation and euthanasia.

    PubMed

    Ghanem, I

    1987-07-01

    The opinions of the Jurisconsult of Egypt on Islamic law regarding test tube fertilization, embryo transfer and abortion are explained. Test tube babies, if not derived from the husband's sperm, are by definition, "zina" or the result of illicit sexual intercourse. This type of quasi-adultery is punishable by mere disgracing, rather than lapidation, or stoning to death. Such children cannot inherit even from the mother. Possibly, a female child may marry the husband, to be legitimized in terms of inheritance. Under Islamic law, embryo transfer is illegal insofar as it involves artificial insemination of the donor by the husband; temporary maternity by the donor is a jural concept that has no place in Islamic family law. The egg of the donor, not the surrogate mother, places the issue in the thorny area of multiple suckling. There have been no pronouncements by Islamic legal experts on euthanasia or pregnancy by in vitro fertilization of orphaned embryos. Abortion law "ijhad" in Kuwait was amended in 1982 to permit abortion where either grievous bodily harm to the mother is imminent or it is proved that the baby will suffer incurable brain damage or severe mental retardation. The decision must be approved unanimously by 3 Muslim consultant physicians presided over by an obstetrician or gynecologist, parental consent is required, and the hospital must have an obstetric-gynecological wing. There is precedent in Islamic law for saving the life of the mother where there is a clear choice of allowing either the fetus or the mother to survive. Similarly in case of miscarriage or attempted miscarriage, damages for a fetus or stillborn are less than those paid for a live birth. Penalties for therapeutic abortion, for example after exposure to German measles, have been viewed as less serious before 120 days of gestation, when the Prophet indicated that the embryo is given a soul. These ethical interpretations are worth considering for Western jurists as a source of ideas.

  17. "The ladder of the law has no top and no bottom": how therapeutic jurisprudence can give life to international human rights.

    PubMed

    Perlin, Michael L

    2014-01-01

    In the past two decades, therapeutic jurisprudence (TJ) has become one of the most important theoretical approaches to the law. But, there has, as of yet, been puzzlingly little written about the relationship between TJ and international human rights law. To be sure, there has been some preliminary and exploratory work on the relationship between TJ and international law in general, but virtually nothing on its relationship to international human rights law in a mental disability law context. This paper seeks to focus on this lack of consideration, to speculate as to why that might be, and to offer some suggestions as to how to infuse some new vitality and vigor into this important area of law and social policy. In this article, first, I offer a brief explanation of TJ. Next, I discuss, also briefly, the impact (and the potential future greater impact) of the recently-ratified United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) on this area. Then, I consider the sparse commentary currently available on the intersection between TJ and international law in general, and will speculate as to why this is so sparse. Then, I offer some thoughts as to the TJ/international human rights law connection, looking specifically at three questions that require far more attention from this perspective (access to counsel, the use of state-sanctioned psychiatry as a tool of political oppression, and the potential redemptive power of the CRPD), and describe a research agenda that scholars might turn to in furtherance of the investigation of the relationships between therapeutic jurisprudence, international human rights law and mental disability law. I conclude by calling on scholars, activists, advocates and practitioners to begin to take this connection seriously in their future work.

  18. 14 CFR 406.179 - Judicial review of a final decision and order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Judicial review of a final decision and order. 406.179 Section 406.179 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION... Rules of Practice in FAA Space Transportation Adjudications § 406.179 Judicial review of a...

  19. 14 CFR 406.179 - Judicial review of a final decision and order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review of a final decision and order. 406.179 Section 406.179 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION... Rules of Practice in FAA Space Transportation Adjudications § 406.179 Judicial review of a...

  20. 14 CFR 406.179 - Judicial review of a final decision and order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Judicial review of a final decision and order. 406.179 Section 406.179 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION... Rules of Practice in FAA Space Transportation Adjudications § 406.179 Judicial review of a...

  1. 14 CFR 406.179 - Judicial review of a final decision and order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Judicial review of a final decision and order. 406.179 Section 406.179 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION... Rules of Practice in FAA Space Transportation Adjudications § 406.179 Judicial review of a...

  2. 14 CFR 406.179 - Judicial review of a final decision and order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Judicial review of a final decision and order. 406.179 Section 406.179 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION... Rules of Practice in FAA Space Transportation Adjudications § 406.179 Judicial review of a...

  3. 78 FR 49768 - Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committees on Rules of Bankruptcy and Civil Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committees on Rules of Bankruptcy and Civil Procedure AGENCY: Advisory Committees on Rules of Bankruptcy and Civil Procedure, Judicial Conference of...

  4. 76 FR 61072 - Committees on Administration and Management, Collaborative Governance, Judicial Review, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-03

    ... Governance, Judicial Review, and Regulation ACTION: Notice of public meetings. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby... Governance The Committee on Collaborative Governance will consider recommending improvements to the Federal... or improve the transparency of FACA committees. The Committee on Collaborative Governance may...

  5. [Judicial institutions of medical experts].

    PubMed

    Godoy, Roberto Lm

    2016-05-01

    This article considers the evolutive process that judicial organisms of medical experts have experienced in Argentina since their creation and formulates a proposal for its adequacy and modernization. Due to multiple and various evolutive factors, judicial organisms managing medicolegal expert activities show, nowadays, signals that a structural and dynamic reform is needed. They remain as organizational units of Public Administration and their effectiveness and efficiency depends not only of a scientific criteria but a managing one. The present and future challenge will be their conceptual transformation, from "corporate scientific entities" to "public-service-providing units" within the justice administration system.

  6. 76 FR 18144 - Committees on Administration & Management, Collaborative Governance, and Judicial Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-01

    ... Governance, and Judicial Review ACTION: Notice of public meetings. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of public... Collaborative Governance The Committee on Collaborative Governance will meet to discuss a draft...

  7. 40 CFR 49.172 - Final permit issuance and administrative and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE INDIAN COUNTRY: AIR QUALITY PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT General... Indian Country § 49.172 Final permit issuance and administrative and judicial review. (a) How will final... ensure that the affected community, general public and any individuals who commented on the draft...

  8. 40 CFR 49.172 - Final permit issuance and administrative and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE INDIAN COUNTRY: AIR QUALITY PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT General... Indian Country § 49.172 Final permit issuance and administrative and judicial review. (a) How will final... ensure that the affected community, general public and any individuals who commented on the draft...

  9. 40 CFR 49.172 - Final permit issuance and administrative and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE INDIAN COUNTRY: AIR QUALITY PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT General... Indian Country § 49.172 Final permit issuance and administrative and judicial review. (a) How will final... ensure that the affected community, general public and any individuals who commented on the draft...

  10. Annual committee reports on significant legislative, judicial, and administrative developments in 1981: Environmental-Quality Committee

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1982-01-01

    The committee found significant developments under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). There were no amendments to NEPA, but there were new rules affecting DOE defense-related nuclear facilities. Judicial developments continued a deference to agency discretion in environmental impact statement issues and conflicts with other laws. The administration's budget cuts effectively disabled the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ). The report also outlines significant legislative, judicial, and administrative developments for the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act, the Endangered Species Act, and the Toxic Substances Act. 188 references. (DCK)

  11. 28 CFR 13.7 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Judicial review. 13.7 Section 13.7 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ATOMIC WEAPONS AND SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIALS REWARDS REGULATIONS § 13.7 Judicial review. The decision of the Attorney General is final and conclusive and no...

  12. 28 CFR 13.7 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Judicial review. 13.7 Section 13.7 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ATOMIC WEAPONS AND SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIALS REWARDS REGULATIONS § 13.7 Judicial review. The decision of the Attorney General is final and conclusive and no...

  13. 28 CFR 13.7 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 13.7 Section 13.7 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ATOMIC WEAPONS AND SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIALS REWARDS REGULATIONS § 13.7 Judicial review. The decision of the Attorney General is final and conclusive and no...

  14. 28 CFR 13.7 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Judicial review. 13.7 Section 13.7 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ATOMIC WEAPONS AND SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIALS REWARDS REGULATIONS § 13.7 Judicial review. The decision of the Attorney General is final and conclusive and no...

  15. 28 CFR 13.7 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Judicial review. 13.7 Section 13.7 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ATOMIC WEAPONS AND SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIALS REWARDS REGULATIONS § 13.7 Judicial review. The decision of the Attorney General is final and conclusive and no...

  16. Court-Driven Reform and Equal Educational Opportunity: Centralization, Decentralization, and the Shifting Judicial Role

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Superfine, Benjamin Michael

    2010-01-01

    Judicial decisions focusing on equal educational opportunity involve significant issues of educational governance and often involve explicit questions about the extent to which authority to make educational decisions should be centralized or decentralized across various institutions and entities. This review aims at clarifying scholars'…

  17. 76 FR 54730 - Committees on Administration and Management, Collaborative Governance, Judicial Review, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-02

    ... Governance, Judicial Review, and Regulation ACTION: Notice of public meetings. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby..., from 2 to 5 p.m. Designated Federal Officer: Scott Rafferty. Committee on Collaborative Governance The Committee on Collaborative Governance will meet to consider two projects. The committee will...

  18. 12 CFR 1102.37 - Decision of the Subcommittee and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... and section 1118(c)(3) of title XI of FIRREA (12 U.S.C. 3348(c)(3)), a final decision of the ASC is a... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Decision of the Subcommittee and judicial review. 1102.37 Section 1102.37 Banks and Banking FEDERAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS EXAMINATION...

  19. 42 CFR 495.110 - Preclusion on administrative and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Preclusion on administrative and judicial review. 495.110 Section 495.110 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION STANDARDS FOR THE ELECTRONIC HEALTH...

  20. 40 CFR 179.117 - Designation and powers of judicial officer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Designation and powers of judicial officer. 179.117 Section 179.117 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS FORMAL EVIDENTIARY PUBLIC HEARING Decisions and Appeals § 179.117 Designation and...

  1. 30 CFR 921.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 921.775 Section 921.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE MASSACHUSETTS § 921.775 Administrative and...

  2. Judicious Use of Journal Impact Factors and the Preservation of Our Fields of Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cardinal, Bradley J.

    2013-01-01

    This article comments on the judicious use of journal impact factors. It aims to preserve our fields of study within the context of increased scholarly scrutiny and the hierarchical structures inherent in academia. It concludes by recommending actions for "JOPERD," other journals in the field, and the producers and evaluators of…

  3. Langue Francaise, Culture Juridique, et Certification (The French Language, Judicial Culture, and Certification).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rimbert, Emmanuel

    1996-01-01

    Focuses on the new French judicial certificate as a historic undertaking emphasizing the capability of the French language to take into account and highlight important points of contact between the business world and legal language. The article emphasizes that there is no true business career without legal horizons. (Author/CK)

  4. Influence of Child and Family Factors on Judicial Decisions in Contested Custody Cases.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, Sara R.; Koerner, Susan Silverberg

    2003-01-01

    Explores how child and family factors influence judicial decision making in contested custody cases through interviews with 18 family court judges. Judges cited a variety of factors as being influential, including the child's age and developmental status, the child's wishes regarding the custody arrangement, the child's stability, parental…

  5. Analysis of the Relationship between Neonaticide and Denial of Pregnancy Using Data from Judicial Files

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vellut, Natacha; Cook, Jon M.; Tursz, Anne

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: Using judicial files on neonaticides, (1) to examine the frequency of the association between neonaticide and denial of pregnancy; (2) to assess the accuracy of the concept of denial of pregnancy; (3) to examine its usefulness in programs to prevent neonaticides. Methods: Quantitative and qualitative analyses of data collected from…

  6. 26 CFR 301.6361-2 - Judicial and administrative proceedings; Federal representation of State interests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... to judicial proceedings), and under title 28 of the United States Code (relating to the judiciary and... involving the constitution of such State is unaffected by any provision of this paragraph; however, the... in a case involving the validity of a qualified tax statute under the State constitution, the...

  7. 26 CFR 301.6361-2 - Judicial and administrative proceedings; Federal representation of State interests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... to judicial proceedings), and under title 28 of the United States Code (relating to the judiciary and... involving the constitution of such State is unaffected by any provision of this paragraph; however, the... in a case involving the validity of a qualified tax statute under the State constitution, the...

  8. 32 CFR 1900.45 - Notification of decision and right of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Notification of decision and right of judicial review. 1900.45 Section 1900.45 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PUBLIC ACCESS TO CIA RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA) Cia Action on...

  9. 32 CFR 1801.45 - Notification of decision and right of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Notification of decision and right of judicial review. 1801.45 Section 1801.45 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC RIGHTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Action On Privacy Act Administrative...

  10. 32 CFR 1800.45 - Notification of decision and right of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Notification of decision and right of judicial review. 1800.45 Section 1800.45 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC ACCESS TO NACIC RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA) NACIC Action...

  11. 32 CFR 1801.45 - Notification of decision and right of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Notification of decision and right of judicial review. 1801.45 Section 1801.45 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC RIGHTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Action On Privacy Act Administrative...

  12. 32 CFR 1800.45 - Notification of decision and right of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Notification of decision and right of judicial review. 1800.45 Section 1800.45 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC ACCESS TO NACIC RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA) NACIC Action...

  13. 32 CFR 1800.45 - Notification of decision and right of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Notification of decision and right of judicial review. 1800.45 Section 1800.45 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC ACCESS TO NACIC RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA) NACIC Action...

  14. 32 CFR 1800.45 - Notification of decision and right of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Notification of decision and right of judicial review. 1800.45 Section 1800.45 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC ACCESS TO NACIC RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA) NACIC Action...

  15. 32 CFR 1801.45 - Notification of decision and right of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Notification of decision and right of judicial review. 1801.45 Section 1801.45 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC RIGHTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Action On Privacy Act Administrative...

  16. 32 CFR 1801.45 - Notification of decision and right of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Notification of decision and right of judicial review. 1801.45 Section 1801.45 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC RIGHTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Action On Privacy Act Administrative...

  17. 32 CFR 1801.45 - Notification of decision and right of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Notification of decision and right of judicial review. 1801.45 Section 1801.45 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC RIGHTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Action On Privacy Act Administrative...

  18. 32 CFR 1800.45 - Notification of decision and right of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Notification of decision and right of judicial review. 1800.45 Section 1800.45 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC ACCESS TO NACIC RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA) NACIC Action...

  19. The Timing and Accumulation of Judicial Sanctions among Drug Court Clients

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McRee, Nick; Drapela, Laurie A.

    2012-01-01

    Judicial sanctions are used by drug courts to encourage clients to comply with program requirements. However, few studies have explored the application of sanctions in drug courts or the relationship between sanctions and drug court graduation. This article reports the results of a study of sanctions as applied in a drug court in southwest…

  20. 78 FR 64012 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-25

    ...: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure. ACTION: Notice of Public Hearing and Open Meeting. SUMMARY: On November 7, 2013, the Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure will hold a one-day public hearing on the proposed amendments to Civil Rules 1, 4, 6, 16, 26,...

  1. 32 CFR 1901.45 - Notification of decision and right of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Notification of decision and right of judicial review. 1901.45 Section 1901.45 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PUBLIC RIGHTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Action on Privacy Act Administrative...

  2. 32 CFR 1901.45 - Notification of decision and right of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Notification of decision and right of judicial review. 1901.45 Section 1901.45 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PUBLIC RIGHTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Action on Privacy Act Administrative...

  3. 32 CFR 1900.45 - Notification of decision and right of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Notification of decision and right of judicial review. 1900.45 Section 1900.45 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PUBLIC ACCESS TO CIA RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA) Cia Action on...

  4. 32 CFR 1900.45 - Notification of decision and right of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Notification of decision and right of judicial review. 1900.45 Section 1900.45 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PUBLIC ACCESS TO CIA RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA) Cia Action on...

  5. 32 CFR 1900.45 - Notification of decision and right of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Notification of decision and right of judicial review. 1900.45 Section 1900.45 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PUBLIC ACCESS TO CIA RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA) Cia Action on...

  6. 32 CFR 1900.45 - Notification of decision and right of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Notification of decision and right of judicial review. 1900.45 Section 1900.45 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PUBLIC ACCESS TO CIA RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA) Cia Action on...

  7. Legal Rules and Logical Procedures in Appellate Judicial Decision-Making.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaly, Ingeborg

    In common law legal systems, the doctrine of precedent directs appellate judges to search out legal rules articulated in previous cases similar to the present case before making their decision. Although this principle is universally accepted, the extent to which legal rules determine decisions varies, since the rule element and judicial discretion…

  8. Access the Unified Health System actions and services from the perspective of judicialization1

    PubMed Central

    Ramos, Raquel de Souza; Gomes, Antonio Marcos Tosoli; de Oliveira, Denize Cristina; Marques, Sergio Corrêa; Spindola, Thelma; Nogueira, Virginia Paiva Figueiredo

    2016-01-01

    Objective: the judicialization of health is incorporated into the daily work of health institutions in Brazil through the court orders for access. In this study, the objective was to describe the contents of the social representations of access, through judicialization, for the health professionals. Method: qualitative study based on Social Representations Theory, involving 40 professionals, at a teaching hospital and at the center for the regulation of beds and procedures in Rio de Janeiro. Forty semistructured interviews were held, to which the thematic-categorical content analysis technique was applied. Results: the health professionals' attitude towards the reality the judicialization imposes is negative, but they acknowledge this resource as necessary in view of the public health crisis. Judicialization is considered a strategy to exercise citizenship that superimposes individual on collective law, increases social inequalities in access and compromises the efficacy of health policies. Conclusion: considering social representation as a determinant of practices, the representations that emerged can contribute to the change of the professionals' practices. Improvements in user care should be promoted, characterized as one of the main challenges to advance in universal access to health. PMID:27143542

  9. Chiropractic Name techniques in Canada: a continued look at demographic trends and their impact on issues of jurisprudence

    PubMed Central

    Gleberzon, Brain J

    2002-01-01

    In a previous article, the author reported on the recommendations gathered from student projects between 1996 and 1999 investigating their preferences for including certain chiropractic Name technique systems into the curriculum at the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC). These results were found to be congruent with the professional treatment technique used by Canadian chiropractors. This article reports on the data obtained during the 2000 and 2001 academic years, comparing these results to those previously gathered. In addition, because of the implementation of a new curriculum during this time period, there was unique opportunity to observe whether or not student perceptions differed between those students in the `old' curricular program, and those students in the `new' curricular program. The results gathered indicate that students in both curricular programs show an interest in learning Thompson Terminal Point, Activator Methods, Gonstead, and Active Release Therapy techniques in the core curriculum, as an elective, or during continuing educational programs provided by the college. Students continue to show less interest in learning CranioSacral Therapy, SacroOccipital Technique, Logan Basic, Applied Kinesiology and Chiropractic BioPhysics. Over time, student interest has moved away from Palmer HIO and other upper cervical techniques, and students show a declining interest in being offered instruction in either Network Spinal Analysis or Torque Release Techniques. Since these findings reflect the practice activities of Canadian chiropractors they may have implications not only towards pedagogical decision-making processes at CMCC, but they may also influence professional standards of care.

  10. Which Procedural Parts of the IEP Process Are the Most Judicially Vulnerable?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zirkel, Perry A.; Hetrick, Allyse

    2017-01-01

    To provide a missing piece to the legal foundation of professional development and practice for the individualized education program (IEP) process, the authors report the results of a comprehensive systematic analysis of court decisions specific to IEP-related procedural violations after the 2004 amendments of the Individuals With Disabilities…

  11. The persistence of low expectations in special education law viewed through the lens of therapeutic jurisprudence.

    PubMed

    Peterson, Richard

    2010-01-01

    For more than thirty-five years a paradigm of low expectations has infected efforts to educate children with disabilities and has been a persistent and stubborn obstacle to the successful implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), and its predecessor, the Education of All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA). This dilemma raises questions addressed in this paper: What is meant by low expectations in the context of Special Education Law? What are the root causes of this phenomenon, and what makes it so resistant to change? How does it impede implementation of the IDEA? And lastly, in what ways does the paradigm of low expectations impact children with disabilities socially, emotionally, and psychologically? The primary purpose of this paper is to consider these questions, particularly the last, utilizing therapeutic jurisprudence (TJ), a theoretical lens through which the emotional and psychological impact of the law and its processes upon those who interact in its context may be viewed and analyzed.

  12. Gender bias and judicial decisions of undue influence in testamentary challenges.

    PubMed

    Recupero, Patricia R; Christopher, Paul P; Strong, David R; Price, Marilyn; Harms, Samara E

    2015-03-01

    Allegations of undue influence constitute a common basis for contests of wills. Legal research from the 1990s suggests that gender bias factors significantly into judicial decision-making regarding alleged undue influence and testamentary intent. In this study, we sought to assess whether this bias is present today and to identify any factors that may be associated with it. Probate judges from several jurisdictions in the United States were asked to consider two hypothetical case vignettes drawn from actual published decisions. In our study, the gender of the testator played only a minor role in how judges weighed factors in the decision-making process and, overall, did not significantly influence opinions regarding the presence of undue influence. The specifics of the case and the gender of the judge emerged as the most consistent and robust potential influences on decision-making. Our results suggest that probate rulings involving undue influence are likely to represent a complex interaction of factors involving the testator's and judge's genders and the specifics of individual cases. The implications of these findings are discussed.

  13. Male student-athletes and violence against women: a survey of campus judicial affairs offices.

    PubMed

    Crosset, T W; Ptacek, J; Mcdonald, M A; Benedict, J R

    1996-06-01

    This study examines the institutional dimensions of violence against women through an analysis of officially reported incidents of violence against women. The data included records from 10 judicial affairs offices over a 3-year period from 1991-93. The findings reveal that male college student-athletes, compared to the rest of the male student population, are responsible for more than their share of the reported battering and sexual assault complaints to judicial affairs offices on the campuses of 10 Division I institutions. However, it needs to be emphasized that it is uncertain whether the association between athletic affiliation and violence against women is casual or the result of behavior only indirectly related to sport. These findings relate to other research because they are based on official reports and they strengthen previous works on athletes and violence against women that center on single institutions.

  14. The issue of delivery room infections in the Italian law. A brief comparative study with English and French jurisprudence.

    PubMed

    Zaami, Simona; Montanari Vergallo, Gianluca; Napoletano, Simona; Signore, Fabrizio; Marinelli, Enrico

    2017-01-31

    Delivery room infections are frequent, and many of them could be avoided through higher standards of care. The authors examine this issue by comparing it to English and French reality. Unlike England, in Italy and France the relationship established between health facility, physician and patient is outlined in a contract. In England, the judges' decisions converge toward a better and higher protection of the patient-the actor-and facilitate the probative task. In case of infections, including those occurring in the delivery room, three issues are evaluated: the hospital's negligent conduct, damages if any and causal nexus. Therefore, the hospital must demonstrate to have taken the appropriate asepsis measures according to current scientific knowledge concerning not only treatment, but also diagnosis, previous activities, surgery and post-surgery. In order to avoid a negative sentence, both physicians and hospital have to demonstrate their correct behavior and that the infection was caused by an unforeseeable event. The authors examine the most significant rulings by the Courts and the Supreme Court. They show that hospitals can avoid being accused of negligence and recklessness only if they can demonstrate to have implemented all the preventive measures provided for in the guidelines or protocols.

  15. Conforming to the rule of law: when person and human being finally mean the same thing in Fourteenth Amendment jurisprudence.

    PubMed

    Lugosi, Charles I

    The Fourteenth Amendment was intended to protect people from discrimination and harm from other people. Racism is not the only thing people need protection from. As a constitutional principle, the Fourteenth Amendment is not confined to its historical origin and purpose, but is available now to protect all human beings, including all unborn human beings. The Supreme Court can define "person" to include all human beings, born and unborn. It simply chooses not to do so. Science, history and tradition establish that unborn humans are, from the time of conception, both persons and human beings, thus strongly supporting an interpretation that the unborn meet the definition of "person" under the Fourteenth Amendment. The legal test used to extend constitutional personhood to corporations, which are artificial "persons" under the law, is more than met by the unborn, demonstrating that the unborn deserve the status of constitutional personhood. There can be no "rule of law" if the Constitution continues to be interpreted to perpetuate a discriminatory legal system of separate and unequal for unborn human beings. Relying on the reasoning of the Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court may overrule Roe v. Wade solely on the grounds of equal protection. Such a result would not return the matter of abortion to the states. The Fourteenth Amendment, properly interpreted, would thereafter prohibit abortion in every state.

  16. Prioritization of strategies to approach the judicialization of health in Latin America and the Caribbean

    PubMed Central

    Pinzón-Flórez, Carlos Eduardo; Chapman, Evelina; Cubillos, Leonardo; Reveiz, Ludovic

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To describe strategies that contribute to the comprehensive approach to the judicialization of health in countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. METHODS A search was structured to identify articles presenting strategies to approach the judicialization of health. A survey was designed, which included actors of the health system and judiciary sector. We prioritized the strategies qualified by more than the 50.0% of the participants as “very relevant”. Strategies were categorized according to: governance, provision of services, human resources, information systems, financing, and medical products. RESULTS We included 64 studies, which identified 50 strategies, related to the sub-functions and components of health systems. Of the 165 people who answered the survey, 80.0% were aged 35-64 years. The distribution of men and women was homogeneous. Half of the respondents were from Colombia (20.0%), Uruguay (16.9%), and Argentina (12.7%). We prioritized strategies that addressed aspects of generation of useful scientific evidence for decision making according to the health needs of the population, empowerment for the society, and creating spaces for discussion of measures of inclusion or exclusion of health technologies. The executive and judiciary decision makers prioritized questions that dealt with strategies that would ensure accountability. CONCLUSIONS The results of this study contribute to the identification of effective strategies to approach the phenomenon of judicialization of health, guaranteeing the right to health. PMID:27598786

  17. 45 CFR 1355.39 - Administrative and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER CARE MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS, ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES...

  18. 45 CFR 1355.39 - Administrative and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER CARE MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS, ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES...

  19. 45 CFR 1355.39 - Administrative and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER CARE MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS, ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES...

  20. 45 CFR 1355.39 - Administrative and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER CARE MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS, ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES...

  1. 45 CFR 1355.39 - Administrative and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER CARE MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS, ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES...

  2. [Research with human embryo stem cells. Foundations and judicial limits].

    PubMed

    Eser, Albin; Koch, Hans-Georg

    2004-01-01

    Research with human embryos, and particularly, the use for scientific purposes of human embryonic stem cells has given raise to different sort of problems at the international level. One of the most strict regulation in this field, is this lecture Professors Albin Eser and Hans-Georg Koch analyse the german legal framework in relation with the use of embryos and human embryonic stem cells for scientific purposes.

  3. Employment Rights of Handicapped Individuals: Statutory and Judicial Parameters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massaro, Toni M.

    1978-01-01

    Analyzes existing legislation, regulations, and case law interpreting statutory mandates to provide a survey of the current status of employment rights for the handicapped. Suggests an administrative framework to alleviate weaknesses in existing governmental programs. Available from Marshall-Wythe School of Law of the College of William and Mary,…

  4. 49 CFR 802.14 - Review procedure and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD RULES IMPLEMENTING THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Review of Initial Adverse Determination..., DC 20594, and shall contain a statement on the envelope and in the appeal: “Appeal from Privacy Act... envelope, “Privacy Act Statement of Disagreement.” (2) The Director, Bureau of Administration, or...

  5. [Judicial and administrative consequences of reporting of adolescents in danger].

    PubMed

    Rey, C; Alvin, P

    1995-05-01

    Adolescent victims of abuse or neglect are regularly reported to social agencies and legal authorities. However, decisions following reports often remain unknown, leaving the question of the reporting's relevance open. POPULATION AND METHODS--Forty-one consecutive written reports sent to child protective services were reviewed, and their content analysed. These services were then contacted by telephone, in order to gather information on outcome. RESULTS--Forty-one reports concerned 40 adolescents (32 girls, 8 boys); 36 of whom had been admitted to our adolescent medicine ward. The most common reason for admission was a suicide attempt (20 cases). Thirty-nine reports were destined to legal authorities, while two to social agencies. The reason for reporting was physical or sexual abuse in more than half of the cases. In twenty-five cases, the main request was a separation from the family. Eighteen adolescents were lost from our medical follow-up after reporting. Thirty-two reports to legal authorities had led to a hearing by a juvenile judge answered favorably in two-thirds of the cases, after a mean period of 26 days. All the subjects for whom a separation from the family was not requested in the report remained at home. CONCLUSION--A simple telephone call is enough to gather information about the following of reports and enables an evaluation of the relevancy of its requests. The interface between the health care and legal systems needs improving through better coordination. Pediatricians should be leaders in this field.

  6. Judicial Transparency and Ethics Enhancement Act of 2013

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Sen. Grassley, Chuck [R-IA

    2013-03-14

    03/14/2013 Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. (text of measure as introduced: CR S1862-1863) (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  7. 49 CFR 802.14 - Review procedure and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... search and collection of the requested records from field offices or other establishments are required... the U.S.C.; (5) To a recipient who has provided NTSB with adequate advance written assurance that the... transferred in a form that is not identifiable with respect to individuals; 1 1 The advance written...

  8. 49 CFR 802.14 - Review procedure and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... search and collection of the requested records from field offices or other establishments are required... the U.S.C.; (5) To a recipient who has provided NTSB with adequate advance written assurance that the... transferred in a form that is not identifiable with respect to individuals; 1 1 The advance written...

  9. Judicial, Legislative, and Administrative Trends Since Lau v. Nichols.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Stephen B.

    This tenth chapter of a book on school law discusses the "Lau v. Nichols" ruling which held that the San Francisco (California) Unified School District was denying non-English-speaking students the opportunity to obtain an education. Also covered are "Lau's" case law progeny, related federal statutes, and resulting…

  10. The Philosophical Underpinnings of Public School Funding Jurisprudence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hackney, James R., Jr.

    1993-01-01

    Uses the theories of John Rawls (democratic/egalitarian) and Robert Nozick (libertarian) as prisms through which to analyze judicial opinions underlying court decisions regarding public education financing. (302 footnotes) (MLF)

  11. 45 CFR 79.42 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Judicial review. 79.42 Section 79.42 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 79.42 Judicial review. Section 3805 of title 31, United States Code, authorizes judicial review by...

  12. 45 CFR 79.42 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Judicial review. 79.42 Section 79.42 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 79.42 Judicial review. Section 3805 of title 31, United States Code, authorizes judicial review by...

  13. 45 CFR 79.42 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 79.42 Section 79.42 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 79.42 Judicial review. Section 3805 of title 31, United States Code, authorizes judicial review by...

  14. 45 CFR 1703.601 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 1703.601 Section 1703.601 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE ACT Judicial Review § 1703.601 Judicial review. Any person...

  15. Impact of Evidence Type and Judicial Warning on Juror Perceptions of Global and Specific Witness Evidence.

    PubMed

    Wheatcroft, Jacqueline M; Keogan, Hannah

    2016-12-16

    The Court of Appeal in England and Wales held (R. v. Sardar, 2012) there had been no exceptional circumstances that justified a jury retiring with a transcript of the complainant's interview. This paper reports an investigation into the impact multiple evidence forms and use of a judicial warning has on juror evaluations of a witness. The warning focuses juror attention on placing disproportionate weight on the evidence as opposed to their general impression of it. Sixty jury-eligible participants were presented with witness evidence in transcript, video, or transcript plus video format. Half the participants in each condition received the warning. All mock jurors completed a questionnaire which assessed perceptions of witness and task. Outcomes showed that transcript plus video evidence, when accompanied by a warning, did impact on mock jurors' global assessments of the witness. The warning made the task less clear for jurors and, in the video condition, led to higher ratings of how satisfactory and reliable the witness was. Findings support the provision of a judicial warning to jurors and show some initial support for judiciary opposition to the provision of an additional transcript only when jurors are asked to make the more usual global witness assessments.

  16. [Is there still a future for the French "Perruche" jurisprudence?].

    PubMed

    Manaouil, C; Jardé, O

    2012-02-01

    Since March 1, 2010, French citizens have a new procedure for defending their rights: the Priority preliminary ruling on the issue of constitutionality (QPC). During a trial, any citizen may request that the Constitutional Council be seized if he/she considers that a provision of a law applicable is inconsistent with the Constitution. One of the first QPCs was released regarding the Perruche antijurisprudence provision. The decision of the Supreme Court (Cour de Cassation) on November 17, 2000 had granted the child Nicolas Perruche the right to financial compensation for the material costs related to his physical disability as a result of congenital rubella. In response, Article 1 of the law of March 4, 2002 was passed in order to prohibit the compensation of a child "solely because of his/her birth". Since this law was enacted, only the moral injury of the parents can be indemnified in a case like that of Nicolas Perruche. Over time, the application of this article of the law of March 4, 2002 has become the subject of a heated debate. In the QPC decision of June 11, 2010, the Constitutional Council found the "Perruche antijurisprudence" provision to be consistent with the Constitution, except for the transitional provisions. Thus, it is assumed that the "Perruche antijurisprudence" provision applies to all children born after the entry into force of the law, i.e., as of March 7, 2002. In addition, the Perruche jurisprudence prevails for all claims filed before March 7, 2002. The issue of the cases for which legal action was taken after March 7, 2002 for a child born before March 7, 2002 remains debated. The current debate is whether the implementation of the law of March 4, 2002 should be extended or not to instances subsequent to March 7, 2002 for births prior to that date. In the present state of jurisprudence, the Court of Appeals answers negatively and applies the Perruche jurisprudence to all children born before March 7, 2002, regardless of the date by which

  17. 26 CFR 301.7425-1 - Discharge of liens; scope and application; judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., had been filed. Under the law of Y, junior liens on real property are discharged by a judicial sale... administration as part of a decedent's estate under the laws of State X. However, C takes possession of Blackacre... on the mortgage. Under the law of X, junior liens on real property are discharged by a judicial...

  18. Annual committee reports on significant legislative, judicial and administrative developments in 1983: Air-Quality Committee

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-01-01

    Congress passed no significant amendments to the Clean Air Act (CAA) in 1983. Under judicial developments, the committee describes seven categories of cases concerning: nonattainment areas under CAA section 107, the adequacy and appropriateness of state implementation plans and regulation of interstate air pollution, new source-permitting cases, regulation of hazardous air pollutants, enforcement and attorneys fees and the scope of section 304 and 307 of the CAA, sections 120 and 123 of the CAA, and 1983 Title II cases. Administration developments included new steps under Titles I and II of the CAA taken by the Environmental Protection Agency to promulgate final regulation on nonattainment sanctions and new source standards and to revise hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide standards for heavy-duty engines and for vehicles at high altitudes. 264 references.

  19. Medico legal and epidemiological aspects of femicide in a judicial district of north eastern Italy.

    PubMed

    Moreschi, Carlo; Da Broi, Ugo; Zamai, Valentina; Palese, Francesca

    2016-04-01

    Femicide is the intentional killing of a woman because she is female, and often occurs when there are pre-existing relations, intimate or otherwise, between the victim and the murderer. A retrospective epidemiological study was made of 34 female homicides recorded in a university departmental register of post-mortems, pertaining to a judicial district of about 700,000 inhabitants in north eastern Italy, during a 21-year period from January 1st 1993 to December 31st 2013. The temporal trend, the socio-demographic characteristics of victims and perpetrators, the circumstances surrounding the crime and the risk factors for femicide were studied with the aim of identifying and developing preventive strategies.

  20. The Development of the Methodology of Judicial Behavior Research: A Historical Review and Critique of the Use and Teaching of Methods.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tate, C. Neal

    Methodologies and trends of judicial behavior research (the study of how and why court judges make decisions) are traced from the 1920s to the present. Arranged into five sections, the first two sections of the report identify principal points of social science research in general. A summary of methodology in judicial behavior research reveals…

  1. 14 CFR 16.247 - Judicial review of a final decision and order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... of an order of dismissal with prejudice issued by the Director, as provided in 49 U.S.C. 46110 or 49... orders subject to judicial review: (1) An FAA decision to dismiss a complaint without prejudice, as...

  2. 78 FR 52785 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-26

    ...: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence. ACTION: Notice of Open Meeting. SUMMARY: The Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence will hold a one- day meeting. The...

  3. 39 CFR 966.8 - Authority and responsibilities of Hearing Official or Judicial Officer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... attached to any evidence of record will rest within the sound discretion of the Hearing Official. The...) Granting reasonable time extensions or other relief for good cause shown. (b) The Judicial Officer,...

  4. 39 CFR 966.8 - Authority and responsibilities of Hearing Official or Judicial Officer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... attached to any evidence of record will rest within the sound discretion of the Hearing Official. The...) Granting reasonable time extensions or other relief for good cause shown. (b) The Judicial Officer,...

  5. 31 CFR 363.45 - What are the rules for judicial and administrative actions involving securities held in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... administrative actions involving securities held in TreasuryDirect ®? 363.45 Section 363.45 Money and Finance... BUREAU OF THE PUBLIC DEBT REGULATIONS GOVERNING SECURITIES HELD IN TREASURYDIRECT General Provisions Governing Securities Held in TreasuryDirect § 363.45 What are the rules for judicial and...

  6. Judicial Training and Research for Child Custody Litigation. Report To Accompany H.R. 1253. Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, 102d Congress, 2d Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on the Judiciary.

    The purpose of House Resolution (HR) 1253, an amendment to the State Justice Institute (SJI) Act of 1984, is to authorize the SJI to carry out research on state judicial decisions and develop judicial training curricula related to child custody litigation involving domestic violence, and to disseminate the results of this research. The report…

  7. 28 CFR 51.49 - Absence of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Absence of judicial review. 51.49 Section 51.49 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PROCEDURES FOR THE ADMINISTRATION OF SECTION 5 OF THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT OF 1965, AS AMENDED Processing of Submissions § 51.49 Absence...

  8. Re: Mental health rehabilitation in therapeutic jurisprudence: Theoretical improvements.

    PubMed

    Ferrazzi, Priscilla; Krupa, Terry

    2016-01-01

    Legal scholarship relevant to criminal court mental health initiatives that divert people with mental illness from prosecution to treatment has created the concept of therapeutic jurisprudence (TJ), an approach that seeks to maximize the law's potential for therapeutic outcomes. Despite recognition that TJ includes a rehabilitative response as a key animating principle and that it advocates for interdisciplinary synthesis, TJ has developed mainly from within the practice and discipline of law and without reference to the discipline of rehabilitation science, in which approaches to mental health rehabilitation (MHR) have witnessed significant developments in recent decades. In particular, concepts of MHR have shifted from a biomedical focus to a psychosocial approach, such as the recovery model, that incorporates values of self-determination, independence, and empowerment. It is argued that greater consideration of MHR will improve the theoretical validity of TJ by 1) helping define what 'therapeutic' means; 2) constructing a normative framework; and 3) broadening the scope of TJ as an interdisciplinary approach. More research is needed to ensure concepts from MHR rehabilitation science are considered in TJ legal scholarship and criminal court mental health initiatives.

  9. Are judicial status hearings a "key component" of drug court? Six and twelve months outcomes.

    PubMed

    Marlowe, Douglas B; Festinger, David S; Dugosh, Karen L; Lee, Patricia A

    2005-08-01

    Substantial evidence indicates that drug courts can be superior to traditional probation programs for enhancing treatment retention and reducing substance use and crime among drug offenders. Few studies have isolated the effects of the hypothesized "key components" of drug courts to determine their contributions to outcomes. This article presents outcomes at 6 and 12 months post-admission for misdemeanor drug court clients who were randomly assigned to different dosages of judicial status hearings. Although earlier work revealed superior during-treatment effects for high-risk participants who were assigned to more frequent bi-weekly hearings, those effects did not extend post-treatment. The results did reveal significant pre-to-post improvements for participants, as a whole, in self-reported drug use, alcohol use, and criminal recidivism; however, lacking a no-drug court control condition, it is not possible to discern the magnitude of the effect of the drug court program. Approximately, half of the participants resumed drug or alcohol use within 12 months of admission to drug court, and approximately 10-15% resumed illegal activities. These findings lend credence to the potential effectiveness of drug courts; however, continuing-care strategies are required to extend the effects of drug courts beyond the initial active phases of the program.

  10. 31 CFR 92.18 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 92.18 Section 92.18 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance UNITED STATES MINT OPERATIONS AND... States Mint § 92.18 Judicial review. A Final Notice of Assessment issued under the procedures in...

  11. 14 CFR 1264.141 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 1264.141 Section 1264.141 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL PENALTIES ACT OF 1986 § 1264.141 Judicial review. Section 3805 of Title 31, United States Code,...

  12. 50 CFR 296.15 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Judicial review. 296.15 Section 296.15 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CONTINENTAL SHELF FISHERMEN'S CONTINGENCY FUND § 296.15 Judicial review. Any...

  13. 50 CFR 296.15 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Judicial review. 296.15 Section 296.15 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CONTINENTAL SHELF FISHERMEN'S CONTINGENCY FUND § 296.15 Judicial review. Any...

  14. 78 FR 76177 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-16

    ...: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure. ACTION: Notice of Public Hearing. SUMMARY: On January 9, 2014, the Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure will hold a one-day public hearing on the proposed amendments to Civil Rules 1, 4, 6, 16, 26, 30, 31, 33,...

  15. 31 CFR 16.42 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 16.42 Section 16.42 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 16.42 Judicial review. Section 3805 of title 31, United States...

  16. 22 CFR 1101.15 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Judicial review. 1101.15 Section 1101.15 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO, UNITED STATES SECTION PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1101.15 Judicial review. After having exhausted all administrative...

  17. 33 CFR 140.30 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 140.30 Section 140.30 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF ACTIVITIES GENERAL General § 140.30 Judicial review. (a) Nothing in this subchapter shall...

  18. 38 CFR 42.42 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 42.42 Section 42.42 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 42.42 Judicial review. Section 3805 of title 31...

  19. 38 CFR 42.42 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Judicial review. 42.42 Section 42.42 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 42.42 Judicial review. Section 3805 of title 31...

  20. 29 CFR 1981.113 - Judicial enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial enforcement. 1981.113 Section 1981.113 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR... IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2002 Miscellaneous Provisions § 1981.113 Judicial enforcement. Whenever any person...

  1. 29 CFR 1981.113 - Judicial enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Judicial enforcement. 1981.113 Section 1981.113 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR... IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2002 Miscellaneous Provisions § 1981.113 Judicial enforcement. Whenever any person...

  2. 29 CFR 1981.113 - Judicial enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Judicial enforcement. 1981.113 Section 1981.113 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR... IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2002 Miscellaneous Provisions § 1981.113 Judicial enforcement. Whenever any person...

  3. 29 CFR 1981.113 - Judicial enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Judicial enforcement. 1981.113 Section 1981.113 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR... IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2002 Miscellaneous Provisions § 1981.113 Judicial enforcement. Whenever any person...

  4. 29 CFR 1981.113 - Judicial enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Judicial enforcement. 1981.113 Section 1981.113 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR... IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2002 Miscellaneous Provisions § 1981.113 Judicial enforcement. Whenever any person...

  5. 45 CFR 1203.11 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Judicial review. 1203.11 Section 1203.11 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY ASSISTED PROGRAMS-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 1203.11 Judicial review. Action...

  6. 40 CFR 180.30 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 180.30 Section 180.30 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS TOLERANCES AND EXEMPTIONS FOR PESTICIDE CHEMICAL RESIDUES IN FOOD Procedural Regulations § 180.30 Judicial review. (a)...

  7. 10 CFR 1013.42 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Judicial review. 1013.42 Section 1013.42 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES AND PROCEDURES § 1013.42 Judicial review... District Court of a final decision of the authority head imposing penalties or assessments under this...

  8. 45 CFR 1703.601 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE ACT Judicial Review § 1703.601 Judicial review. Any person may... the manner of their implementation. Such action may be brought prior to or within sixty days after...

  9. 45 CFR 1703.601 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE ACT Judicial Review § 1703.601 Judicial review. Any person may... the manner of their implementation. Such action may be brought prior to or within sixty days after...

  10. 45 CFR 1703.601 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE ACT Judicial Review § 1703.601 Judicial review. Any person may... the manner of their implementation. Such action may be brought prior to or within sixty days after...

  11. The Case of Pharmacological Neuroenhancement: Medical, Judicial and Ethical Aspects from a German Perspective.

    PubMed

    Franke, A G; Northoff, R; Hildt, E

    2015-11-01

    Pharmacological neuroenhancement (PN) describes the use of psychoactive drugs for the purpose of enhancing cognition (e. g., fatigue, concentration, memory etc.) by healthy subjects without medical need. Drugs used for this purpose can be divided into freely available, over-the-counter drugs (e. g., methylxanthines such as caffeine), prescription drugs (e. g., antidementia drugs, methylphenidate) and illicit drugs (e. g., illicit amphetamines). Clinical studies have shown that the aforementioned substances only have limited pro-cognitive effects and have considerable safety risks and side effects.The German judicial perspective shows legal differences between substances (drugs, food, food supplements, fortified food) that can be bought in a supermarket, drugs that can be bought in a pharmacy as over-the-counter- (OTC-) drugs, drugs with or without the need for a prescription and illicit drugs. Supermarket drugs and fortified food can be sold freely and follow the general rules of civil and penal law; regarding acquisition, parents are responsible for their children. OTC drugs require special information about therapy. Regarding prescription drugs, there are legal problems caused by an off-label use and the non-medical purposes of PN drugs. Furthermore, prescription stimulants for PN are governed by the specialized law for narcotics, and their use might be punished. Beyond the general lack of rules for regulation for PN drug use there are specific needs for prevention (e. g., control of the black market, etc.).Possible future policy will depend, among others, on the probability with which effective PN drugs with an acceptable risk-benefit ratio will be available, on individual and societal implications, and on public opinion towards PN. While 4 different general policy scenarios can be identified, it is important to advance a broad societal debate on PN to collect relevant empirical data and to address enhancement-related conceptual issues.

  12. Comparing the Effects of Judicial versus Child Protective Service Relationships on Parental Attitudes in the Juvenile Dependency Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashford, Jose B.

    2006-01-01

    This pilot study examined the attitudes of parents in the child dependency process to determine whether their perceptions of fairness, trustworthiness, and satisfaction with the juvenile dependency system differed across types of relationships: relationships with judges or child protective service (CPS) workers. Method: The study relied on a…

  13. The Cannabis Infringement Notice scheme in Western Australia: a review of policy, police and judicial perspectives.

    PubMed

    Sutton, Adam; Hawks, David

    2005-07-01

    Western Australia (WA) became the fourth Australian jurisdiction to adopt a 'prohibition with civil penalties scheme' for minor cannabis offences when its Cannabis Infringement Notice (CIN) scheme became law on 22 March 2004. This study examined the attitudes and practices of policy makers, members of the law enforcement and magistracy and other judicial sectors involved in enforcing the new scheme, and their views as to its likely impact on the drug market. As part of the pre--post evaluation of the legislative reforms a sample of 30 police, other criminal justice personnel and policy makers have been qualitatively interviewed. Data were collected both at the pre-implementation stage (March and June 2003) and shortly after the Act became operational (mid-June 2004). The Western Australia Police Service's implementation of the CIN scheme has been extremely professional. However, these early results suggest that while the CIN scheme has been designed to take into account problems with similar schemes elsewhere in Australia, possible problems include: some operational police being unsure about the operation of the scheme; expected savings in police resources will probably be reduced by procedures which require offenders to be taken back to the station rather than issue notices on the spot as intended by the scheme's architects; probable net widening; problems with exercise of police discretion to issue a CIN; and public misunderstanding of the scheme. In the early months of the scheme understanding of the new laws among both police and members of the public was far from perfect. For the system to achieve the outcomes intended by legislators, it is essential that levels of understanding improve. Media and other campaigns to inform the public that cannabis cultivation and use remain illegal, and to warn about risks associated with cannabis use, should be extended. As it will be at least 18 months before the scheme is operationally settled in, the media and others

  14. 36 CFR 1202.84 - Can I seek judicial review?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Can I seek judicial review... Can I seek judicial review? Yes, within 2 years of receipt of a NARA final determination as provided in § 1202.54 or § 1202.80, you may seek judicial review of that determination. You may file a...

  15. 32 CFR 935.60 - Wake Island Judicial Authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Wake Island Judicial Authority. 935.60 Section... INSULAR REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Judiciary § 935.60 Wake Island Judicial Authority. (a) The judicial authority under this part is vested in the Wake Island Court and the Wake Island Court of Appeals. (b)...

  16. 32 CFR 935.60 - Wake Island Judicial Authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Wake Island Judicial Authority. 935.60 Section... INSULAR REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Judiciary § 935.60 Wake Island Judicial Authority. (a) The judicial authority under this part is vested in the Wake Island Court and the Wake Island Court of Appeals. (b)...

  17. 32 CFR 935.60 - Wake Island Judicial Authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Wake Island Judicial Authority. 935.60 Section... INSULAR REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Judiciary § 935.60 Wake Island Judicial Authority. (a) The judicial authority under this part is vested in the Wake Island Court and the Wake Island Court of Appeals. (b)...

  18. 32 CFR 935.60 - Wake Island Judicial Authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Wake Island Judicial Authority. 935.60 Section... INSULAR REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Judiciary § 935.60 Wake Island Judicial Authority. (a) The judicial authority under this part is vested in the Wake Island Court and the Wake Island Court of Appeals. (b)...

  19. 32 CFR 935.60 - Wake Island Judicial Authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Wake Island Judicial Authority. 935.60 Section... INSULAR REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Judiciary § 935.60 Wake Island Judicial Authority. (a) The judicial authority under this part is vested in the Wake Island Court and the Wake Island Court of Appeals. (b)...

  20. Guidance: CERCLA Section 106 Judicial Actions

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This guidance provides criteria for consideration in selecting and initiating Section 106 judicial actions. The guidance also identifies and discusses issues that should be considered in preparation of a Section 106 referral.

  1. 31 CFR 92.18 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... THE TREASURY UNITED STATES MINT OPERATIONS AND PROCEDURES Assessment of Civil Penalties for Misuse of Words, Letters, Symbols, or Emblems of the United States Mint § 92.18 Judicial review. A Final Notice...

  2. 31 CFR 92.18 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... THE TREASURY UNITED STATES MINT OPERATIONS AND PROCEDURES Assessment of Civil Penalties for Misuse of Words, Letters, Symbols, or Emblems of the United States Mint § 92.18 Judicial review. A Final Notice...

  3. 31 CFR 92.18 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... THE TREASURY UNITED STATES MINT OPERATIONS AND PROCEDURES Assessment of Civil Penalties for Misuse of Words, Letters, Symbols, or Emblems of the United States Mint § 92.18 Judicial review. A Final Notice...

  4. 31 CFR 92.18 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... THE TREASURY UNITED STATES MINT OPERATIONS AND PROCEDURES Assessment of Civil Penalties for Misuse of Words, Letters, Symbols, or Emblems of the United States Mint § 92.18 Judicial review. A Final Notice...

  5. The Judicialization of Health and the Quest for State Accountability: Evidence from 1,262 Lawsuits for Access to Medicines in Southern Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Socal, Mariana P.; Amon, Joseph J.

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The impact of increasing numbers of lawsuits for access to medicines in Brazil is hotly debated. Government officials and scholars assert that the “judicialization of health” is driven by urban elites and private interests, and is used primarily to access high-cost drugs. Using a systematic sample of 1,262 lawsuits for access to medicines filed against the southern Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul, we assess these claims, offering empirical evidence that counters prevailing myths and affirms the heterogeneity of the judicialization phenomenon. Our findings show that the majority of patient-litigants are in fact poor and older individuals who do not live in major metropolitan areas and who depend on the state to provide their legal representation, and that the majority of medicines requested were already on governmental formularies. Our data challenge arguments that judicialization expands inequities and weakens the universal health care system. Our data also suggest that judicialization may serve as a grassroots instrument for the poor to hold the state accountable. Failing to acknowledge regional differences and attempting to fit all data into one singular narrative may be contributing to a biased interpretation of the nature of judicialization, and limiting the understanding of its drivers, consequences, and implications at local levels. PMID:27781011

  6. Adapting Judicial Supervision to the Risk Level of Drug Offenders: Discharge and 6-month Outcomes from a Prospective Matching Study

    PubMed Central

    Marlowe, Douglas B.; Festinger, David S.; Dugosh, Karen L.; Lee, Patricia A.; Benasutti, Kathleen M.

    2007-01-01

    This article reports recent findings from a program of experimental research examining the effects of adapting judicial supervision to the risk level of drug-abusing offenders. Prior studies revealed that high-risk participants with (1) antisocial personality disorder or (2) a history of drug abuse treatment performed significantly better in drug court when they were scheduled to attend frequent, bi-weekly judicial status hearings in court. Low-risk participants performed equivalently regardless of the schedule of court hearings. The current study prospectively matched misdemeanor drug court clients to the optimal schedule of court hearings based upon an assessment of their risk status, and compared outcomes to those of clients randomly assigned to the standard schedule of court hearings. Results confirmed that high-risk participants graduated at a higher rate, provided more drug-negative urine specimens at 6 months post-admission, and reported significantly less drug use and alcohol intoxication at 6 months post-admission when they were matched to bi-weekly hearings as compared to the usual schedule of hearings. These findings yield practical information for enhancing the efficacy and cost-efficiency of drug court services. Directions for future research on adaptive programming for drug offenders are discussed. PMID:17071020

  7. Adapting judicial supervision to the risk level of drug offenders: discharge and 6-month outcomes from a prospective matching study.

    PubMed

    Marlowe, Douglas B; Festinger, David S; Dugosh, Karen L; Lee, Patricia A; Benasutti, Kathleen M

    2007-05-01

    This article reports recent findings from a program of experimental research examining the effects of adapting judicial supervision to the risk level of drug-abusing offenders. Prior studies revealed that high-risk participants with (1) antisocial personality disorder or (2) a history of drug abuse treatment performed significantly better in drug court when they were scheduled to attend frequent, bi-weekly judicial status hearings in court. Low-risk participants performed equivalently regardless of the schedule of court hearings. The current study prospectively matched misdemeanor drug court clients to the optimal schedule of court hearings based upon an assessment of their risk status, and compared outcomes to those of clients randomly assigned to the standard schedule of court hearings. Results confirmed that high-risk participants graduated at a higher rate, provided more drug-negative urine specimens at 6 months post-admission, and reported significantly less drug use and alcohol intoxication at 6 months post-admission when they were matched to bi-weekly hearings as compared to the usual schedule of hearings. These findings yield practical information for enhancing the efficacy and cost-efficiency of drug court services. Directions for future research on adaptive programming for drug offenders are discussed.

  8. The Canadian Charter of Rights, American Jurisprudence, and Canadian Civil Libel Law: Will There Be an Occasion for Dancing in Canadian Streets?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pizante, Gary

    The new and immense task that awaits the judiciary of Canada is to decide what limitations, if any, ought to be imposed upon freedom of expression as protected in the new Canadian Constitution with an entrenched Charter of Rights. The area of civil libel law provides special problems related to free speech and press. One source of help for…

  9. O Direito Costumeiro na Legislacao e na Jurisprudencia do Brasil: A Desescravizacao (Common Law in Legislation and Jurisprudence in Brazil: Abolition of Slavery).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gebara, Ademir

    2000-01-01

    Demonstrates that in Brazil, common law was an important component for development of the political project, elaborated with the objective of organizing and disciplining the formation of a market of free workers. Considers that the history of work relations originated in the Portuguese discovery of Brazil in the 16th century. (BT)

  10. Educating Jurors about Forensic Evidence: Using an Expert Witness and Judicial Instructions to Mitigate the Impact of Invalid Forensic Science Testimony.

    PubMed

    Eastwood, Joseph; Caldwell, Jiana

    2015-11-01

    Invalid expert witness testimony that overstated the precision and accuracy of forensic science procedures has been highlighted as a common factor in many wrongful conviction cases. This study assessed the ability of an opposing expert witness and judicial instructions to mitigate the impact of invalid forensic science testimony. Participants (N = 155) acted as mock jurors in a sexual assault trial that contained both invalid forensic testimony regarding hair comparison evidence, and countering testimony from either a defense expert witness or judicial instructions. Results showed that the defense expert witness was successful in educating jurors regarding limitations in the initial expert's conclusions, leading to a greater number of not-guilty verdicts. The judicial instructions were shown to have no impact on verdict decisions. These findings suggest that providing opposing expert witnesses may be an effective safeguard against invalid forensic testimony in criminal trials.

  11. 40 CFR 49.159 - Final permit issuance and administrative and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE INDIAN COUNTRY: AIR QUALITY PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT General... the record as a result of the reviewing authority's evaluation of public comments; (viii) The final... portions so withdrawn. The new draft permit shall proceed through the same process of public comment...

  12. 40 CFR 49.172 - Final permit issuance and administrative and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE INDIAN COUNTRY: AIR QUALITY PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT General... placed in the record as a result of the reviewing authority's evaluation of public comments; (v) Other... addressing the portions so withdrawn. The new draft permit shall proceed through the same process of...

  13. The University and Due Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perkins, James A.

    An alarming aspect of the dramatic change in the relationship between a university and its constituents is the increasing number of court cases challenging traditionally academic decisions. The filing of these cases seems to suggest that judicial processes can be substituted for academic ones. Although many courts have recognized the distinctive…

  14. Antiretroviral drug expenditure, pricing and judicial demand: an analysis of federal procurement data in Brazil from 2004–2011

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Previous studies have described expenditures for antiretroviral (ARV) medicines in Brazil through 2005. While prior studies examined overall expenditures, they have not have analyzed drug procurement data in order to describe the role of court litigation on access and pricing. Methods ARV drug procurement from private sector sources for the years 2004–2011 was obtained through the general procurement database of the Brazilian Federal Government (SIASG). Procurement was measured in Defined Daily Doses (DDD) per 1000 persons-under-treatment per day. Expenditures and price per DDD were calculated and expressed in U.S. Dollars. Justifications for ARV purchases were examined in order to determine the relationship between health litigation and incorporation into Brazil’s national treatment guidelines. Results Drug procurement of ARVs from private sources underwent marked expansion in 2005, peaked in 2009, and stabilized to 2008 levels by 2011. Expenditures followed procurement curves. Medications which were procured for the first time after 2007 cost more than medicines which were introduced before 2007. Judicial actions initially resulted in purchases of newer medications for a select number of patients in Brazil but ultimately expanded availability to a larger population through incorporation into the national treatment guidelines. Conclusions Drug procurement and expenditures for ARVs in Brazil varied between 2004–2011. The procurement of some drugs from the private sector ceased after public manufacturers started producing them locally. Judicial demand has resulted in the incorporation of newer drugs into the national treatment guidelines. In order for the AIDS treatment program to remain sustainable, efforts should be pursued to reduce prices through generic drugs, price negotiation and other public health flexibilities such as compulsory licensing. PMID:24735589

  15. Student Misconduct: Historical Trends in Legislative and Judicial Decision-Making in American Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grossi, Elizabeth L.; Edwards, Terry D.

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the changing nature of the student-college relationship through (1) the development and application of the "in loco parentis" doctrine, (2) evolution of the doctrine to include relevant legal issues and application of certain due process rights in university disciplinary proceedings, and (3) legal issues related to abandonment of the…

  16. Sex-Reassignment Rules in Shiite Jurisprudence

    PubMed Central

    Kalbasi-Isfahani, Fahimeh; Deleer, Mohsen

    2016-01-01

    Background: The “Sex-Reassignment Surgery” is a solution that besides behavioral therapy has been suggested to people suffering from gender identity disorders in recent years. In Iran, this trend has become more popular over the past years due to the inclination to reach to the goal rapidly with less effort and also the surgery has attracted many patients with the problem. Religious clerics have tried to determine the religious doctrines for this practice and as a result a group of them favor an absolute permission while others choose prohibition and some of them favor a middle path. The aim of this study was to determine the religious doctrines for Sex-Reassignment and legitimate treatment for GID. Methods: The research method was a library research based on which an investigation was done by analyzing the relevant books, articles and dissertations. Primary documents of Islamic sources (Quran and tradition) along with scientific, medical and psychological materials were used in this research. Results: In this study, the survey shows that none of the reasons have the power to deliver a definitive and religious ruling on this issue because the validity of its reasons is related to the reality of “Sex-Reassignment”. Conclusion: The results demonstrate that Sex-Reassignment is prohibited and it is not authorized. In case of urgency for doing the surgery, the gender of the person should not be changed. PMID:27478771

  17. 43 CFR 4.1600 - Purpose and nature of the appeal process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purpose and nature of the appeal process... Circular A-76 § 4.1600 Purpose and nature of the appeal process. (a) This appeals procedure embodies an... rather than judicial in nature, and does not provide for a judicial review or for further levels...

  18. 43 CFR 4.1600 - Purpose and nature of the appeal process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Purpose and nature of the appeal process... Circular A-76 § 4.1600 Purpose and nature of the appeal process. (a) This appeals procedure embodies an... rather than judicial in nature, and does not provide for a judicial review or for further levels...

  19. 43 CFR 4.1600 - Purpose and nature of the appeal process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Purpose and nature of the appeal process... Circular A-76 § 4.1600 Purpose and nature of the appeal process. (a) This appeals procedure embodies an... rather than judicial in nature, and does not provide for a judicial review or for further levels...

  20. 43 CFR 4.1600 - Purpose and nature of the appeal process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Purpose and nature of the appeal process. 4... Circular A-76 § 4.1600 Purpose and nature of the appeal process. (a) This appeals procedure embodies an... rather than judicial in nature, and does not provide for a judicial review or for further levels...

  1. 43 CFR 4.1600 - Purpose and nature of the appeal process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Purpose and nature of the appeal process... Circular A-76 § 4.1600 Purpose and nature of the appeal process. (a) This appeals procedure embodies an... rather than judicial in nature, and does not provide for a judicial review or for further levels...

  2. Judicial Review: State Supreme Judicial Views on Balancing Civil Liberties and Public Safety/Security Measures during the Global War on Terror

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-01

    one clear effect [i]t would return all constitutional decision making to the people acting politically.”); Noting that United States senators may...Whingtton reasons that U.S. political leaders delegate tasks to the courts, because “the courts may be able to perform more effectively or reliably than...to cooperate with one another in order to perform effectively .”); see also, Jeffery K. Staton, “Constitutional Review and the Selective Promotion of

  3. [Allometry of scales in Chinese pangolins (Manis pentadactyla) and Malayan pangolins (Manis javanica) and application in judicial expertise].

    PubMed

    Zhou, Zhao-Min; Zhao, Hong; Zhang, Zhong-Xu; Wang, Ze-Hui; Wang, Han

    2012-06-01

    Pangolins are unique mammals in that they possess scales that serve a protective biological function. As an important raw material of traditional medicine, illegal trades of these scales are frequent and difficult to investigate or prosecute. We used allometric models of dry weight of scales to compare 35 Chinese pangolins (Manis pentadactyla) and 119 Malayan pangolins (Manis javanica). Our results showed that the dry weight of scales increases significantly faster with the length of head and body in Malayan pangolins (P=0.005), while dry weight of scales is positive (slope=3.725) in Malayan pangolins but isometric (slope=3.105) in Chinese pangolins. The differences in morphology between these species may reflect an evolutionary adaptation to different environments; Malayan pangolins in tropical regions appear to suffer from greater predation pressure than Chinese pangolins in temperate regions. We advise the conversion standards between dry weight of scales and number of individuals as 573.47 g in Chinese pangolins and 360.51 g in Malayan pangolins respectively, and when two are mixed together, average above two parameters of the median at 466.99 g. We propose these measurements be used as judicial evidences in forensic identification of related cases.

  4. [The thesis of judicialization of health care by the elites: medication for mucopolysaccharidosis].

    PubMed

    Medeiros, Marcelo; Diniz, Debora; Schwartz, Ida Vanessa Doederlein

    2013-04-01

    This paper evaluates the hypothesis that the judicialization of medicine for mucopolysaccharidosis in Brazil is an action promoted by economic elites. Previous studies upholding the thesis of judicialization by elites in the case of other types of medication that are more costly for the Unified Health Service are discussed. An analysis of all 196 processes containing information about judicial processes brought to court between February 2006 and December 2010 that ended by determining that the State should provide such medication free of charge to patients was conducted. There is evidence that attorneys' fees were covered by entities interested in the results of judicialization, such as the distributors or pharmaceutical industries. Patients may also be migrating for diagnosis and treatment to university centers that are a benchmark for medical innovation in the country, as the option for public health services is related to their higher technical and scientific capacity. Therefore, the resort to private lawyers, indicators of social exclusion based on the address of patients and the use of public health services, are not adequate class information to corroborate or refute the thesis of judicialization by the elites.

  5. 31 CFR 357.23 - Judicial proceedings-sovereign immunity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Judicial proceedings-sovereign immunity. 357.23 Section 357.23 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance....23 Judicial proceedings—sovereign immunity. (a) Department and Federal Reserve Banks not...

  6. 31 CFR 357.23 - Judicial proceedings-sovereign immunity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Judicial proceedings-sovereign immunity. 357.23 Section 357.23 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance....23 Judicial proceedings—sovereign immunity. (a) Department and Federal Reserve Banks not...

  7. 31 CFR 357.23 - Judicial proceedings-sovereign immunity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Judicial proceedings-sovereign immunity. 357.23 Section 357.23 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance....23 Judicial proceedings—sovereign immunity. (a) Department and Federal Reserve Banks not...

  8. 31 CFR 357.23 - Judicial proceedings-sovereign immunity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Judicial proceedings-sovereign immunity. 357.23 Section 357.23 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance...) § 357.23 Judicial proceedings—sovereign immunity. (a) Department and Federal Reserve Banks not...

  9. 14 CFR § 1264.141 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Judicial review. § 1264.141 Section § 1264.141 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL PENALTIES ACT OF 1986 § 1264.141 Judicial review. Section 3805 of Title 31,...

  10. 31 CFR 357.23 - Judicial proceedings-sovereign immunity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial proceedings-sovereign immunity. 357.23 Section 357.23 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance... Securities System (Legacy Treasury Direct) § 357.23 Judicial proceedings—sovereign immunity. (a)...

  11. 13 CFR 142.36 - Can I obtain judicial review?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Can I obtain judicial review? 142.36 Section 142.36 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Decisions and Appeals § 142.36 Can I obtain judicial review? If the...

  12. 5 CFR 1201.205 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 1201.205 Section 1201.205 Administrative Personnel MERIT SYSTEMS PROTECTION BOARD ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES PRACTICES AND PROCEDURES Attorney Fees (Plus Costs, Expert Witness Fees, and Litigation Expenses, Where...

  13. 34 CFR 303.236 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EARLY INTERVENTION PROGRAM FOR INFANTS AND TODDLERS WITH DISABILITIES State Application and Assurances Department Procedures § 303.236 Judicial review. If a State...

  14. 34 CFR 303.236 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EARLY INTERVENTION PROGRAM FOR INFANTS AND TODDLERS WITH DISABILITIES State Application and Assurances Department Procedures § 303.236 Judicial review. If a State...

  15. Judicious Discipline in the Music Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nimmo, Douglas

    1997-01-01

    Advocates a proactive method by Forrest Gathercoal of dealing with conflict and discipline in the music classroom through reliance on democratic principles. This method, "Judicious Discipline," is based upon the Bill of Rights and includes sharing power, allowing students to be heard, and acknowledging their thoughts as credible and…

  16. Semantic Storyboard of Judicial Debates: A Novel Multimedia Summarization Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fersini, E.; Sartori, F.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The need of tools for content analysis, information extraction and retrieval of multimedia objects in their native form is strongly emphasized into the judicial domain: digital videos represent a fundamental informative source of events occurring during judicial proceedings that should be stored, organized and retrieved in short time and…

  17. Judicial History on the World Wide Web: An Annotated Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baich, Laura; Loving, Jessica

    1998-01-01

    Describes 21 World Wide Web sites devoted to various aspects of judicial history. Includes for each entry the site name, address (Uniform Resource Locator), and brief description of site contents. Focuses primarily on United States judicial history but also includes some resources for Anglo-Irish legal history and world legal history. (DSK)

  18. 41 CFR 105-70.042 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Judicial review. 105-70.042 Section 105-70.042 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management... Administration 70-IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 105-70.042 Judicial...

  19. 22 CFR 1101.15 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Judicial review. 1101.15 Section 1101.15 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO, UNITED STATES SECTION... the requester seeks to challenge....

  20. 45 CFR 201.7 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Judicial review. 201.7 Section 201.7 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS TO STATES FOR...

  1. 45 CFR 80.11 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION UNDER PROGRAMS RECEIVING FEDERAL ASSISTANCE THROUGH THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 80.11 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the...

  2. 13 CFR 117.18 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Judicial review. 117.18 Section 117.18 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY ASSISTED PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES OF SBA-EFFECTUATION OF THE AGE DISCRIMINATION ACT OF 1975, AS AMENDED §...

  3. 45 CFR 80.11 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION UNDER PROGRAMS RECEIVING FEDERAL ASSISTANCE THROUGH THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 80.11 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the...

  4. 45 CFR 681.41 - What judicial review is available?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What judicial review is available? 681.41 Section 681.41 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Decisions and Appeals § 681.41 What judicial review...

  5. 36 CFR 1202.84 - Can I seek judicial review?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Can I seek judicial review... Can I seek judicial review? Yes, within 2 years of receipt of a NARA final determination as provided...) In which the NARA records are located; or (c) In the District of Columbia....

  6. 31 CFR 363.45 - What are the rules for judicial and administrative actions involving securities held in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... judicial proceeding involving competing claims to a security held in TreasuryDirect. (c) Divorce decree. We will recognize a divorce decree that either disposes of a security held in TreasuryDirect or ratifies a... divorce decree does not set out the terms of the property settlement agreement, we will require...

  7. 31 CFR 363.45 - What are the rules for judicial and administrative actions involving securities held in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... judicial proceeding involving competing claims to a security held in TreasuryDirect. (c) Divorce decree. We will recognize a divorce decree that either disposes of a security held in TreasuryDirect or ratifies a... divorce decree does not set out the terms of the property settlement agreement, we will require...

  8. 40 CFR 49.159 - Final permit issuance and administrative and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE INDIAN COUNTRY: AIR QUALITY PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT General Federal Implementation Plan Provisions Federal Minor New Source Review Program in Indian Country § 49.159... decision to ensure that the affected community, general public and any individuals who commented on...

  9. 40 CFR 49.159 - Final permit issuance and administrative and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE INDIAN COUNTRY: AIR QUALITY PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT General Federal Implementation Plan Provisions Federal Minor New Source Review Program in Indian Country § 49.159... decision to ensure that the affected community, general public and any individuals who commented on...

  10. 47 CFR 1.1529 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 1.1529 Section 1.1529 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Implementation of the Equal Access to Justice Act (EAJA) in Agency Proceedings Procedures for Considering Applications §...

  11. 34 CFR 300.184 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES State Eligibility Department Procedures § 300.184 Judicial review. If a State is dissatisfied...

  12. 34 CFR 300.184 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES State Eligibility Department Procedures § 300.184 Judicial review. If a State is dissatisfied...

  13. 43 CFR 27.12 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 27.12 Section 27.12 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior NONDISCRIMINATION IN ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED UNDER PERMITS, RIGHTS-OF-WAY, PUBLIC LAND ORDERS, AND OTHER FEDERAL AUTHORIZATIONS GRANTED OR...

  14. 45 CFR 1203.11 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Judicial review. 1203.11 Section 1203.11 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY ASSISTED PROGRAMS-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 §...

  15. 45 CFR 1203.11 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Judicial review. 1203.11 Section 1203.11 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY ASSISTED PROGRAMS-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 §...

  16. 6 CFR 7.13 - Judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Judicial proceedings. 7.13 Section 7.13 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION... Information Procedures Act (CIPA), Public Law 96-456, 94 Stat. 2025, (18 U.S.C. App.), and the...

  17. 10 CFR 207.8 - Judicial actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Judicial actions. 207.8 Section 207.8 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL COLLECTION OF INFORMATION Collection of Information Under the Energy Supply and Environmental... district court within the jurisdiction of which any inquiry is carried on may, upon petition by...

  18. 7 CFR 400.96 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Agency adverse decision to NAD in accordance with 7 CFR part 11 prior to seeking judicial review of the... appealable, the appellant must request a determination of non-appealability from the Director of NAD, and appeal the adverse decision to NAD if the Director determines that it is appealable, prior to...

  19. 7 CFR 400.96 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Agency adverse decision to NAD in accordance with 7 CFR part 11 prior to seeking judicial review of the... appealable, the appellant must request a determination of non-appealability from the Director of NAD, and appeal the adverse decision to NAD if the Director determines that it is appealable, prior to...

  20. 7 CFR 400.96 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Agency adverse decision to NAD in accordance with 7 CFR part 11 prior to seeking judicial review of the... appealable, the appellant must request a determination of non-appealability from the Director of NAD, and appeal the adverse decision to NAD if the Director determines that it is appealable, prior to...

  1. 7 CFR 400.96 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Agency adverse decision to NAD in accordance with 7 CFR part 11 prior to seeking judicial review of the... appealable, the appellant must request a determination of non-appealability from the Director of NAD, and appeal the adverse decision to NAD if the Director determines that it is appealable, prior to...

  2. 7 CFR 400.96 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Agency adverse decision to NAD in accordance with 7 CFR part 11 prior to seeking judicial review of the... appealable, the appellant must request a determination of non-appealability from the Director of NAD, and appeal the adverse decision to NAD if the Director determines that it is appealable, prior to...

  3. Traumatic Experiences and Juvenile Amenability: The Role of Trauma in Forensic Evaluations and Judicial Decision Making

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riggs Romaine, Christina L.; Goldstein, Naomi E. Sevin; Hunt, Elizabeth; DeMatteo, David

    2011-01-01

    The legal files of 144 juveniles charged as adults in one Pennsylvania county were reviewed to investigate whether trauma-related information was included in evaluations of amenability to treatment and how that information related to legal decisions to keep youth in criminal court or decertify them to the juvenile system. Potentially traumatic…

  4. 28 CFR 8.7 - Judicial forfeiture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial forfeiture. 8.7 Section 8.7 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FBI FORFEITURE AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN STATUTES § 8.7 Judicial... 5312(a)(3) of title 31 of the United States Code, the Special Agent in Charge of the FBI field...

  5. 28 CFR 8.7 - Judicial forfeiture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Judicial forfeiture. 8.7 Section 8.7 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FBI FORFEITURE AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN STATUTES § 8.7 Judicial... 5312(a)(3) of title 31 of the United States Code, the Special Agent in Charge of the FBI field...

  6. 28 CFR 8.7 - Judicial forfeiture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Judicial forfeiture. 8.7 Section 8.7 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FBI FORFEITURE AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN STATUTES § 8.7 Judicial... 5312(a)(3) of title 31 of the United States Code, the Special Agent in Charge of the FBI field...

  7. Medical experiments on persons with special needs, a comparative study of Islamic jurisprudence vs. Arab laws: UAE law as case study.

    PubMed

    Hammad, Hamza Abed Al-Karim

    2014-01-01

    This article is a comparative study of medical experiments on persons with special needs in Islamic jurisprudence and Arab laws; United Arab Emirates (UAE) law as case study. The current study adopts a comparative analytical and descriptive approach. The conclusion of this study points out that the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Special Needs, ratified by a number of Arab States, including the United Arab Emirates, approves conducting medical experiments on persons with special needs, subject to their free consent. As a result of ratifying this Convention, a number of special laws were enacted to be enforced in the United Arab Emirates. On the other hand, this issue is controversial from an Islamic jurisprudence point of view. One group of jurisprudents permits conducting these experimentations if they are designed to treat the person involved, and prohibits such experimentations for scientific advancement. Other jurisprudents permit conducting medical experimentations on persons with special needs, whether the purpose of such experimentations is treatment of the disabled or achieving scientific advancement. The opinion of this group is consistent with the International Convention and the Arab laws in this respect. However, neither the Convention nor the Arab laws regulate this matter by specific and comprehensive conditions, as addressed by some contemporary scholars. It is recommended that the Convention and the Arab laws adopt these conditions. Additionally, the Convention does not state whether the experimentations may be conducted for the interest of the person with disability or for the purpose of scientific advancement. The text of the Convention is unclear and therefore requires further illumination.

  8. 42 CFR 478.46 - Departmental Appeals Board and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ....46 Section 478.46 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) QUALITY IMPROVEMENT ORGANIZATIONS RECONSIDERATIONS AND APPEALS Utilization and Quality Control Quality Improvement Organization (QIO) Reconsiderations and Appeals §...

  9. 9 CFR 381.215 - Poultry or other articles subject to judicial seizure and condemnation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Poultry or other articles subject to... INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION...

  10. 9 CFR 381.215 - Poultry or other articles subject to judicial seizure and condemnation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Poultry or other articles subject to... INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION...

  11. 9 CFR 381.215 - Poultry or other articles subject to judicial seizure and condemnation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Poultry or other articles subject to... INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION...

  12. 9 CFR 381.215 - Poultry or other articles subject to judicial seizure and condemnation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Poultry or other articles subject to... INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION...

  13. 9 CFR 381.215 - Poultry or other articles subject to judicial seizure and condemnation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Poultry or other articles subject to... INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION...

  14. 19 CFR 181.102 - Administrative and judicial review of advance rulings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... rulings. 181.102 Section 181.102 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND..., Regulations and Rulings, Office of International Trade, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Washington, DC...) in the case of a Mexican exporter or producer and authorized agent thereof; (iii) The number and...

  15. 19 CFR 181.102 - Administrative and judicial review of advance rulings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... rulings. 181.102 Section 181.102 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND..., Regulations and Rulings, Office of International Trade, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Washington, DC...) in the case of a Mexican exporter or producer and authorized agent thereof; (iii) The number and...

  16. 19 CFR 181.102 - Administrative and judicial review of advance rulings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... rulings. 181.102 Section 181.102 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND..., Regulations and Rulings, Office of International Trade, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Washington, DC...) in the case of a Mexican exporter or producer and authorized agent thereof; (iii) The number and...

  17. 19 CFR 181.102 - Administrative and judicial review of advance rulings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... rulings. 181.102 Section 181.102 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND..., Regulations and Rulings, Office of International Trade, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Washington, DC...) in the case of a Mexican exporter or producer and authorized agent thereof; (iii) The number and...

  18. 40 CFR 179.117 - Designation and powers of judicial officer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... under this part may not be employed by OCSPP, by the Pesticides and Toxic Substances Division of the...) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS FORMAL EVIDENTIARY PUBLIC HEARING Decisions and Appeals § 179.117 Designation and...

  19. 40 CFR 179.117 - Designation and powers of judicial officer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... under this part may not be employed by OPPTS, by the Pesticides and Toxic Substances Division of the...) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS FORMAL EVIDENTIARY PUBLIC HEARING Decisions and Appeals § 179.117 Designation and...

  20. 40 CFR 179.117 - Designation and powers of judicial officer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... under this part may not be employed by OPPTS, by the Pesticides and Toxic Substances Division of the...) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS FORMAL EVIDENTIARY PUBLIC HEARING Decisions and Appeals § 179.117 Designation and...

  1. 40 CFR 179.117 - Designation and powers of judicial officer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... under this part may not be employed by OPPTS, by the Pesticides and Toxic Substances Division of the...) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS FORMAL EVIDENTIARY PUBLIC HEARING Decisions and Appeals § 179.117 Designation and...

  2. The Search for Accountability and Transparency in Plan Colombia: Reforming Judicial Institutions - Again

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-05-01

    alternative is social calamity, criminal anarchy, and civil war. The Strategic Studies Institute and the North-South Center are pleased to offer this...is supposed to provide $1 billion in humanitarian aid, social programs, and other nonmilitary assistance, but its money has not been forthcoming...materiel, and training, while other global partners, namely the Europeans, were to shoulder much of the cost for the humanitarian, social , and institutional

  3. Baseball bats and chocolate chip cookies: the judicial treatment of DNA in the myriad genetics litigation.

    PubMed

    Binnie, Ian; Park-Thompson, Vanessa

    2014-12-18

    In June 2013, the U.S. Supreme Court rendered a controversial ruling that naturally occurring DNA segments are "products of nature" and therefore not patentable subject matter. At this intersection between science and law, in litigation of crucial importance to patients, science, and multibillion-dollar biotech enterprises, the appellate judges sidestepped genetics and engaged in a war of metaphors from diamonds to chocolate chip cookies. This case is not an outlier. Apprehensive judges and juries in both Canada and the United States find many convenient excuses to avoid coming to grips with the underlying science in patent cases. But this is simply not acceptable. Legal rulings must be, and must seem to be, well grounded, as a matter of both law and science. The legitimacy of court decisions in the eyes of the stakeholders and the broader public depends on it.

  4. Annual committee reports on significant legislative, judicial, and administrative developments in 1980: Environmental Quality Committee

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-01-01

    The reporting responsibilities of the Environmental Quality Committee cover those major federal environmental statutes not covered by the Air Quality, Water Quality, Urban Environment, or Public Lands and Land Use Committees. The 1980 report includes significant developments under the National Environmental Policy Act, the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act, the Toxic Substances Control Act, the Endangered Species Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (Superfund). The dates of publication and page references in the Federal Register list the final procedures by agency in the appendix. 392 references.

  5. 42 CFR 495.110 - Preclusion on administrative and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... the Act, or otherwise, of the following: (a) For EPs— (1) The methodology and standards for... adjustments that apply to EPs beginning with 2015; (3) The methodology and standards for determining...

  6. A Comparative Study of Attitudes toward Child Sexual Abuse among Social Work and Judicial System Professionals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saunders, Edward J.

    1988-01-01

    Significant differences in attitudes toward perpetrators and victims of child sexual abuse were found among child welfare social workers, police officers, district attorneys, public defenders, and judges (N=132). In particular, professional groups differed in their beliefs about victim credibility and punishment of offenders. (JW)

  7. 9 CFR 329.6 - Articles or livestock subject to judicial seizure and condemnation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY..., part of a carcass, meat or meat food product, or any dead, dying, disabled, or diseased livestock, that... of the Act, or (b) Is capable of use as human food and is adulterated or misbranded, or (c) In...

  8. 9 CFR 329.6 - Articles or livestock subject to judicial seizure and condemnation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY..., part of a carcass, meat or meat food product, or any dead, dying, disabled, or diseased livestock, that... of the Act, or (b) Is capable of use as human food and is adulterated or misbranded, or (c) In...

  9. 9 CFR 329.6 - Articles or livestock subject to judicial seizure and condemnation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY..., part of a carcass, meat or meat food product, or any dead, dying, disabled, or diseased livestock, that... of the Act, or (b) Is capable of use as human food and is adulterated or misbranded, or (c) In...

  10. 9 CFR 329.6 - Articles or livestock subject to judicial seizure and condemnation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY..., part of a carcass, meat or meat food product, or any dead, dying, disabled, or diseased livestock, that... of the Act, or (b) Is capable of use as human food and is adulterated or misbranded, or (c) In...

  11. Does the punishment fit the crime? Judicial sentencing in adolescent and adult sexual assault cases.

    PubMed

    Du Mont, Janice; Forte, Tania; Badgley, Robin F

    2008-06-01

    This is the first Canadian study to focus directly on whether factors commonly identified as reflecting the seriousness of a sexual assault are noted by judges, and in turn, related to the severity of the sentences they impose. We examined adolescent and adult female sexual assault cases heard in Ontario between 1993 and 2001. Two hundred twenty-one cases were identified using Quicklaw, Canada's most comprehensive on-line legal information system, with data extracted onto a coding instrument. In 201 (91%) of these cases, a perpetrator had been sentenced to prison or jail. Judges reported that in a substantial proportion of these women they had been penetrated (67%), forced (49%), coerced (50%), physically injured (33%), and psychologically harmed (65%). However, only two of the six offence seriousness factors examined were associated with a prison versus jail sentence: the occurrence of vaginal and/or anal penetration and the threat or use of a weapon(s).

  12. Does the punishment fit the crime? Judicial sentencing in adolescent and adult sexual assault cases.

    PubMed

    Du Mont, Janice; Forte, Tania; Badgley, Robin F

    2007-12-01

    This is the first Canadian study to focus directly on whether factors commonly identified as reflecting the seriousness of a sexual assault are noted by judges, and in turn, related to the severity of the sentences they impose. We examined adolescent and adult female sexual assault cases heard in Ontario between 1993 and 2001. Two hundred twenty-one cases were identified using Quicklaw, Canada's most comprehensive on-line legal information system, with data extracted onto a coding instrument. In 201 (91%) of these cases, a perpetrator had been sentenced to prison or jail. Judges reported that in a substantial proportion of these women they had been penetrated (67%), forced (49%), coerced (50%), physically injured (33%), and psychologically harmed (65%). However, only two of the six offence seriousness factors examined were associated with a prison versus jail sentence: the occurrence of vaginal and/or anal penetration and the threat or use of a weapon(s).

  13. Judicial Enforcement of Educational Safety and Security: The American Experience. Research Article

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thro, William

    2006-01-01

    While education is an American constitutional value, the opportunity to pursue an education--particularly to pursue a quality education--is meaningless unless the student is able to pursue his/her educational rights in an environment that is both safe and secure. If students are subjected to sexual and racial harassment, to physical violence, to…

  14. Pennsylvania Alcohol Highway Safety Program (Curriculum Guide, Judicial, Law Enforcement, Counseling & Rehabilitation, and Local Officials Manuals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Alcohol and Mental Health Associates, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.

    This material is for the use of educators involved in the Pennsylvania Alcohol-Highway Safety Program. The 16-hour course of instruction has been prepared to inform both teachers and students of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania's DUI (Driving under the Influence) Safe Driving School. It concentrates on the development of knowledge, and the…

  15. Introspection on Uncertainty and Judicious Help-Seeking during the Preschool Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coughlin, Christine; Hembacher, Emily; Lyons, Kristen E.; Ghetti, Simona

    2015-01-01

    Little is known about the mechanisms underlying a ubiquitous behavior in preschoolers, help-seeking. We tested the hypothesis that preschoolers' awareness of their own uncertainty is associated with help-seeking. Three-, 4-, and 5-year-olds (N = 125) completed a perceptual identification task twice: once independently and once when they could…

  16. Working Smarter, Not Harder: Reaching the Tough to Teach. Part IV--Judicious Review and Synergy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rockwell, Sylvia

    2008-01-01

    Applying a skill or concept learned in isolation to a higher-order thinking problem can elude students who are at risk for school failure. They can complete a page of computation problems in math, but fail to connect those skills to daily challenges and work problems. They can read a chapter in the science book, define key vocabulary, and answer…

  17. Scholars as Policy Actors: Research, Public Discourse, and the Zone of Judicial Constraints

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welner, Kevin G.

    2012-01-01

    Courts, students are told, will protect minorities' legal rights against popular sentiment and political pressure. But courts can be expected to protect rights only within boundaries shaped in part by popular and political opinion. This suggests that litigation outcomes regarding education rights issues will depend on shifting the policymaking…

  18. 77 FR 49828 - Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committees on Rules of Appellate, Bankruptcy, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-17

    ... submitted are available for public inspection. The text of the proposed rules amendments and the....gov/rulesandpolicies/rules.aspx/ . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Benjamin J. Robinson, Deputy Rules... (202) 502-1820. Dated: August 15, 2012. Benjamin J. Robinson, Deputy Rules Officer and Counsel....

  19. Principals and Local School Councils: An International Comparison of Judicial Policy Affecting School Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menacker, Julius

    1996-01-01

    Compares the legal reasoning and results in two cases brought to courts by principals dismissed by local school governing boards under authority granted to these community groups by school reform laws in Chicago, Illinois, and New Zealand. Observations are made regarding the need for appropriate adjustments in school-based-management reform law…

  20. 42 CFR 405.1804 - Matters not subject to administrative and judicial review under prospective payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM FEDERAL HEALTH INSURANCE FOR THE AGED... discharges within the DRGs; or (3) Appropriate weighting factors that reflect the relative hospital...

  1. 42 CFR 419.60 - Limitations on administrative and judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... controlling unnecessary increases in volume. (b) The calculation of base amounts described in section 1833(t... associated with particular devices, drugs, or biologicals, and the application of any pro rata...

  2. Building Irish families through surrogacy: medical and judicial issues for the advanced reproductive technologies

    PubMed Central

    Sills, Eric Scott; Healy, Clifford M

    2008-01-01

    Surrogacy involves one woman (surrogate mother) carrying a child for another person/s (commissioning person/couple), based on a mutual agreement requiring the child to be handed over to the commissioning person/couple following birth. Reasons for seeking surrogacy include situations where a woman has non-functional or absent reproductive organs, or as a remedy for recurrent pregnancy loss. Additionally, surrogacy may find application in any medical context where pregnancy is contraindicated, or where a couple consisting of two males seek to become parents through oocyte donation. Gestational surrogacy is one of the main issues at the forefront of bioethics and the advanced reproductive technologies, representing an important challenge to medical law. This analysis reviews the history of surrogacy and clinical and legal issues pertaining to this branch of reproductive medicine. Interestingly, the Medical Council of Ireland does not acknowledge surrogacy in its current practice guidelines, nor is there specific legislation addressing surrogacy in Ireland at present. We therefore have developed a contract-based model for surrogacy in which, courts in Ireland may consider when confronted with a surrogacy dispute, and formulated a system to resolve any potential dispute arising from a surrogacy arrangement. While the 2005 report by the Commission on Assisted Human Reproduction (CAHR) is an expert opinion guiding the Oireachtas' development of specific legislation governing assisted human reproduction and surrogacy, our report represents independent scholarship on the contractual elements of surrogacy with particular focus on how Irish courts might decide on surrogacy matters in a modern day Ireland. This joint medico-legal collaborative also reviews the contract for services arrangement between the commissioning person/s and the surrogate, and the extent to which the contract may be enforced. PMID:18983640

  3. 5 CFR 1201.161 - Action by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission; judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Commission; judicial review. (a) Time limit for determination. In cases in which an appellant petitions the... reviewable on: (1) The date on which the decision is issued, if the appellant does not file a petition with... not consider the petition filed under 5 U.S.C. 7702(b)(2). (c) Commission processing and time...

  4. Judicial Recognition of Academic Collective Interests: A New Approach to Faculty Title VII Litigation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yurko, Richard J.

    1980-01-01

    Faculty Title VII litigation, challenges to the faculty evaluation process, and possible jucidial responses to faculty claims are reviewed. A proposed model would temper judicial interference in faculty employment disputes by informed deferences while preserving the unique character of academic institutions. (Journal availbility: Boston Univ. Law…

  5. A "Judicious" Use of L1 in TL Classroom: Socio-Political, Psychological and Functional Dimensions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Awan, Muhammad Afzal; Sipra, Muhammad Aslam

    2015-01-01

    In the present study, the authors deliberate that there are no separate boxes in human brain to restrict two different languages to interact with each other. The practice on ground is strongly in favour of allowing L1 to support target language (TL). The paper contests the status quo of maximal input hypothesis and documents enough research in the…

  6. 26 CFR 301.6361-2 - Judicial and administrative proceedings; Federal representation of State interests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... representation of State interests. (a) Civil proceedings—(1) General rule. Any person shall have the same right to bring or contest a civil action, and to obtain a review thereof, with respect to a qualified tax... (including review procedures) with respect to any matter, such procedures shall replace civil...

  7. 34 CFR 222.159 - When and where does a party seek judicial review?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ....159 Section 222.159 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION IMPACT AID PROGRAMS Impact Aid Administrative..., within 60 days after receiving notice of the Secretary's final decision, file with the United...

  8. Protecting the Right to Education and Responsibility of the Judge from the Judicial Standpoint

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yadong, Rao

    2006-01-01

    The author of this article was the administrative judge in the People's Court in Haiding District, Beijing during the controversial lawsuit of Tian Yong, a college student required by his school to immediately withdraw from the school on the grounds of cheating. In this article, he relates how this particular case and others have given him a large…

  9. Original Intent, Judicial Subjectivism, and the Establishment Clause: Implications for Educational Leaders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seigler, Timothy John

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to 1) examine the interpretive method applied to the United States Constitution referred of as"Original Intent" and the degree, if any, to which it is superior in objectivity than other methods, 2) discuss whether the application of the interpretive method would have an effect preferred by conservative or…

  10. [Mentally ill and dangerous: civil commitment or internment? The Belgian judicial framework].

    PubMed

    Smets, H; Verelst, R; Vandenberghe, J

    2009-01-01

    There are two important Belgian laws referring to psychiatric disturbances that may prove dangerous. The Civil Code includes the law relating to the protection of the mentally ill person, dated 26th June 1990, better known as the law of civil commitment of the mentally ill. Since April, 2007, the Penal Code has contained a new law on the internment of people with a psychiatric disorder; this new law replaces the old law of the 1st July, 1964, meant to protect the society. Although the two laws apply to different fields, in clinical practice there are sometimes 'grey areas' where it is not immediately evident which legal framework is applicable. Starting from a case study in which the civil judge ordered the civil commitment of a detainee, we explore these 'grey areas' and compare the two legal frameworks. We base our study on the new law on internment, clarify it and sketch the legal history of internment in Belgium.

  11. Recent Administrative and Judicial Decisions Regarding Consideration of Source Separation in Determining BACT Under PSD

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This document may be of assistance in applying the New Source Review (NSR) air permitting regulations including the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) requirements. This document is part of the NSR Policy and Guidance Database. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  12. A school peer mediation program as a context for exploring therapeutic jurisprudence (TJ): Can a peer mediation program inform the law?

    PubMed

    McWilliam, Nicky

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports an exploratory study of a school peer mediation program implemented as an alternative way to manage bullying and other destructive conflict. The study explores the effects of the program on the well-being of members of the school community by examining perceptions of students, staff and a sample of parents and former students. Drawing on therapeutic jurisprudence (TJ) the study explores whether the component parts of the program, separately or together, promote intended or unintended therapeutic effects. The preliminary findings of the study emphasise the importance of peer mediation training and suggest that existing scholarship in the area of school conflict resolution and peer mediation, when viewed through a TJ lens, may provide valuable insights into how to optimally configure programs for development and adoption in schools and other community settings. The study highlights the lack of attention paid by the legal system to valuable scholarship in the area of school conflict resolution and peer mediation, which may have implications for the understanding and development of legal processes and the law in general.

  13. 45 CFR 80.11 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 80.11 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section 603 of the Act. (Sec. 603, 78 Stat. 253, (42...

  14. 7 CFR 15.11 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... of the Department of Agriculture-Effectuation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 § 15.11 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as...

  15. 22 CFR 209.11 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 209.11 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as...

  16. Judicial Decisions in the Field of Labour Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Labour Review, 1993

    1993-01-01

    Summarizes recent judicial decisions in various countries concerning application of general legal principles to labor law, access to employment, conditions of employment, occupational safety and health, social security, and labor relations. (Author/SK)

  17. Movement and counter-movement: a history of abortion law reform and the backlash in Colombia 2006-2014.

    PubMed

    Ruibal, Alba

    2014-11-01

    In 2006, the Constitutional Court of Colombia issued Decision C-355/2006, which liberalized the country's abortion law. The reform was groundbreaking in its argumentation, being one of the first judicial decisions in the world to uphold abortion rights on equality grounds, and the first by a constitutional court to rule on the constitutionality of abortion within a human rights framework. It was also the first of a series of reforms that would liberalize the abortion regulation in four other Latin American countries. The Colombian case is also notable for the process of strategic litigation carried out by feminist organizations after the Court's decision, in order to ensure its implementation and counter the opposition from conservative actors working in State institutions, as well as for the active role played by the Court in that process. Based on fieldwork carried out in Colombia in 2013, this article analyzes the process of progressive implementation and reactionary backlash after Decision C-355/2006, with an emphasis on strategic litigation by the feminist movement and subsequent decisions by the Constitutional Court, which consolidated its jurisprudence in the field of abortion rights. It highlights the role of both feminists and of conservative activists within State institutions as opposing social movements, and the dynamics of political and legal mobilization and counter-mobilization in that process.

  18. 34 CFR 33.42 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Judicial review. 33.42 Section 33.42 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 33.42 Judicial review. Section 3805 of title 31, United States Code, authorizes judicial review by an appropriate United...

  19. 28 CFR 71.42 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 71.42 Section 71.42 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROVISIONS OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 Implementation for Actions Initiated by the Department of Justice §...

  20. 29 CFR 22.42 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Judicial review. 22.42 Section 22.42 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 22.42 Judicial review. Section 3805 of title 31 U.S.C., authorizes judicial review by an appropriate United States District Court of a...

  1. 28 CFR 42.111 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 42.111 Section 42.111... PROCEDURES Nondiscrimination in Federally Assisted Programs-Implementation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 1 § 42.111 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject...

  2. 10 CFR 12.309 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 12.309 Section 12.309 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION IMPLEMENTATION OF THE EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT IN AGENCY PROCEEDINGS Procedures for Considering Applications § 12.309 Judicial review. Judicial review of final agency decisions on awards may...

  3. From sidaway to pearce and beyond: is the legal regulation of consent any better following a quarter of a century of judicial scrutiny?

    PubMed

    Maclean, Alasdair

    2012-01-01

    In 1987, following a period of increasing judicial activity, Margaret Brazier published her insightful article on the legal regulation of consent: Patient autonomy and consent to treatment: the role of the law? In her article, she exposed the flaws in the law following the House of Lords case of Sidaway. She considered the strengths and weaknesses of the alternative standards of disclosure: the professional or Bolam standard, the reasonable patient standard, and the particular patient standard. After noting that all of these standards have their problems, she suggested that the best way forward was for a national law and ethics commission to explore the issues before revising the law by legislation. Almost a quarter of a century following her article, Professor Brazier's criticisms remain aposite. In this article, I explain her view of the law in 1987 and then I examine the current law through the lens of her article and conclude that her recommendations still have strength.

  4. 30 CFR 241.74 - May I seek judicial review of the decision of the Interior Board of Land Appeals?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false May I seek judicial review of the decision of... Oil and Gas Leases General Provisions § 241.74 May I seek judicial review of the decision of the Interior Board of Land Appeals? Under 30 U.S.C. 1719(j), you may seek judicial review of the decision...

  5. 49 CFR 41.125 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 41.125 Section 41.125 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation SEISMIC SAFETY § 41.125 Judicial review. Nothing in this part is intended to create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law by...

  6. 49 CFR 41.125 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Judicial review. 41.125 Section 41.125 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation SEISMIC SAFETY § 41.125 Judicial review. Nothing in this part is intended to create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law by...

  7. 7 CFR 1580.506 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Judicial review. 1580.506 Section 1580.506 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TRADE ADJUSTMENT ASSISTANCE FOR FARMERS § 1580.506 Judicial review. Any...

  8. 22 CFR 1101.15 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Judicial review. 1101.15 Section 1101.15 Foreign... PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1101.15 Judicial review. After having exhausted all administrative remedies set forth in § 1101.7(g)(3) or § 1101.14, a requester may bring a civil action against the Section, in...

  9. 29 CFR 1981.112 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Judicial review. 1981.112 Section 1981.112 Labor... IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2002 Miscellaneous Provisions § 1981.112 Judicial review. (a) Within 60 days after the issuance of a final order by the Board (Secretary) under § 1981.110, any person adversely affected...

  10. 29 CFR 1981.112 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Judicial review. 1981.112 Section 1981.112 Labor... IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2002 Miscellaneous Provisions § 1981.112 Judicial review. (a) Within 60 days after the issuance of a final order by the Board (Secretary) under § 1981.110, any person adversely affected...

  11. 29 CFR 1981.112 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Judicial review. 1981.112 Section 1981.112 Labor... IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2002 Miscellaneous Provisions § 1981.112 Judicial review. (a) Within 60 days after the issuance of a final order by the Board (Secretary) under § 1981.110, any person adversely affected...

  12. 29 CFR 1981.112 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Judicial review. 1981.112 Section 1981.112 Labor... IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2002 Miscellaneous Provisions § 1981.112 Judicial review. (a) Within 60 days after the issuance of a final order by the Board (Secretary) under § 1981.110, any person adversely affected...

  13. 29 CFR 1981.112 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 1981.112 Section 1981.112 Labor... IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2002 Miscellaneous Provisions § 1981.112 Judicial review. (a) Within 60 days after the issuance of a final order by the Board (Secretary) under § 1981.110, any person adversely affected...

  14. 10 CFR 1040.131 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Judicial review. 1040.131 Section 1040.131 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY ASSISTED PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES... terminate Federal financial assistance are subject to judicial review under the following laws: (a) Title...

  15. 32 CFR 195.12 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY ASSISTED PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 195.12 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section 603 of the Act....

  16. 34 CFR 100.11 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 100.11 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section 603 of the Act. (Authority: Sec. 603... Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE FOR CIVIL RIGHTS, DEPARTMENT OF...

  17. 22 CFR 141.10 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE CIVIL RIGHTS NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY-ASSISTED PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 141.10 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section 603 of...

  18. 22 CFR 141.10 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE CIVIL RIGHTS NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY-ASSISTED PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 141.10 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section 603 of...

  19. 34 CFR 100.11 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 100.11 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section 603 of the Act. (Authority: Sec. 603... Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE FOR CIVIL RIGHTS, DEPARTMENT OF...

  20. 34 CFR 100.11 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 100.11 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section 603 of the Act. (Authority: Sec. 603... Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE FOR CIVIL RIGHTS, DEPARTMENT OF...

  1. 22 CFR 141.10 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE CIVIL RIGHTS NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY-ASSISTED PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 141.10 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section 603 of...

  2. 34 CFR 100.11 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 100.11 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section 603 of the Act. (Authority: Sec. 603... Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE FOR CIVIL RIGHTS, DEPARTMENT OF...

  3. 22 CFR 141.10 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE CIVIL RIGHTS NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY-ASSISTED PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 141.10 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section 603 of...

  4. 22 CFR 141.10 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE CIVIL RIGHTS NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY-ASSISTED PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 141.10 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section 603 of...

  5. 34 CFR 100.11 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 100.11 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section 603 of the Act. (Authority: Sec. 603... Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE FOR CIVIL RIGHTS, DEPARTMENT OF...

  6. 49 CFR 21.19 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 21.19 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section 603 of the Act....

  7. 7 CFR 1.341 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Judicial review. 1.341 Section 1.341 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Procedures Related to Administrative Hearings Under the Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act of 1986 § 1.341 Judicial review. Section 3805 of...

  8. 20 CFR 355.42 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Judicial review. 355.42 Section 355.42 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES FOR FRAUDULENT CLAIMS OR STATEMENTS REGULATIONS UNDER THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 355.42 Judicial review. Section 3805 of...

  9. 20 CFR 355.42 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Judicial review. 355.42 Section 355.42 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES FOR FRAUDULENT CLAIMS OR STATEMENTS REGULATIONS UNDER THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 355.42 Judicial review. Section 3805 of...

  10. 20 CFR 355.42 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Judicial review. 355.42 Section 355.42 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES FOR FRAUDULENT CLAIMS OR STATEMENTS REGULATIONS UNDER THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 355.42 Judicial review. Section 3805 of...

  11. 29 CFR 1982.113 - Judicial enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ACT OF 2007, ENACTED AS SECTION 1413 OF THE IMPLEMENTING RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 9/11 COMMISSION ACT OF... RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 9/11 COMMISSION ACT OF 2007 Miscellaneous Provisions § 1982.113 Judicial enforcement... 29 Labor 9 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Judicial enforcement. 1982.113 Section 1982.113...

  12. 29 CFR 1982.112 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ACT OF 2007, ENACTED AS SECTION 1413 OF THE IMPLEMENTING RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 9/11 COMMISSION ACT OF... RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 9/11 COMMISSION ACT OF 2007 Miscellaneous Provisions § 1982.112 Judicial review. (a) Within... 29 Labor 9 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Judicial review. 1982.112 Section 1982.112...

  13. 29 CFR 1982.112 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ACT OF 2007, ENACTED AS SECTION 1413 OF THE IMPLEMENTING RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 9/11 COMMISSION ACT OF... RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 9/11 COMMISSION ACT OF 2007 Miscellaneous Provisions § 1982.112 Judicial review. (a) Within... 29 Labor 9 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Judicial review. 1982.112 Section 1982.112...

  14. 29 CFR 1982.113 - Judicial enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ACT OF 2007, ENACTED AS SECTION 1413 OF THE IMPLEMENTING RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 9/11 COMMISSION ACT OF... RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 9/11 COMMISSION ACT OF 2007 Miscellaneous Provisions § 1982.113 Judicial enforcement... 29 Labor 9 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Judicial enforcement. 1982.113 Section 1982.113...

  15. 29 CFR 1982.113 - Judicial enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ACT OF 2007, ENACTED AS SECTION 1413 OF THE IMPLEMENTING RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 9/11 COMMISSION ACT OF... RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 9/11 COMMISSION ACT OF 2007 Miscellaneous Provisions § 1982.113 Judicial enforcement... 29 Labor 9 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Judicial enforcement. 1982.113 Section 1982.113...

  16. 29 CFR 1982.113 - Judicial enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ACT OF 2007, ENACTED AS SECTION 1413 OF THE IMPLEMENTING RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 9/11 COMMISSION ACT OF... RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 9/11 COMMISSION ACT OF 2007 Miscellaneous Provisions § 1982.113 Judicial enforcement... 29 Labor 9 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Judicial enforcement. 1982.113 Section 1982.113...

  17. 29 CFR 1982.112 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ACT OF 2007, ENACTED AS SECTION 1413 OF THE IMPLEMENTING RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 9/11 COMMISSION ACT OF... RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 9/11 COMMISSION ACT OF 2007 Miscellaneous Provisions § 1982.112 Judicial review. (a) Within... 29 Labor 9 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Judicial review. 1982.112 Section 1982.112...

  18. 29 CFR 1982.112 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ACT OF 2007, ENACTED AS SECTION 1413 OF THE IMPLEMENTING RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 9/11 COMMISSION ACT OF... RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 9/11 COMMISSION ACT OF 2007 Miscellaneous Provisions § 1982.112 Judicial review. (a) Within... 29 Labor 9 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Judicial review. 1982.112 Section 1982.112...

  19. 49 CFR 41.125 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Judicial review. 41.125 Section 41.125 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation SEISMIC SAFETY § 41.125 Judicial review. Nothing in this part is intended to create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law by...

  20. 49 CFR 41.125 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Judicial review. 41.125 Section 41.125 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation SEISMIC SAFETY § 41.125 Judicial review. Nothing in this part is intended to create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law by...

  1. 49 CFR 41.125 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Judicial review. 41.125 Section 41.125 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation SEISMIC SAFETY § 41.125 Judicial review. Nothing in this part is intended to create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law by...

  2. A case in south-eastern France: a review of drug facilitated sexual assault in European and English-speaking countries.

    PubMed

    Dorandeu, Anne H; Pagès, Cheryl A; Sordino, Marie-Christine; Pépin, Gilbert; Baccino, Eric; Kintz, Pascal

    2006-07-01

    Drug facilitated sexual assaults (DFSA) have been increasingly reported in the medical literature since the 1980s but their legal recognition is more recent, at least in Europe. From a case treated in south-eastern France, whose judicial consequences were known, it seemed of interest to carry out an international study of jurisprudence concerning this type of rape. While from the medical viewpoint the drugs used are well-known and their presence can be clinically verified, the legal consequences of their use in subsequent criminal prosecution is less clear-cut. Some European countries have no jurisprudence in this area, while others consider the use of drugs as an aggravating circumstance. In France, it was only in 2003 that the first case of DFSA was truly punished by the judicial system, with considerable media attention. By contrast, in English-speaking countries, particularly the United States, the use of drugs to facilitate sexual assault has frequently been recognized in legislation and in criminal prosecutions. Prevention is fundamental and is recognised as demonstrated by campaigns in various countries.

  3. Process modeling - It's history, current status, and future

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duttweiler, Russell E.; Griffith, Walter M.; Jain, Sulekh C.

    1991-04-01

    The development of process modeling is reviewed to examine the potential of process applications to prevent and solve problems associated with the aerospace industry. The business and global environments is assessed, and the traditional approach to product/process design is argued to be obsolete. A revised engineering process is described which involves planning and prediction before production by means of process simulation. Process simulation can permit simultaneous engineering of unit processes and complex processes, and examples are given in the cross-coupling of forging-process variance. The implementation of process modeling, CAE, and computer simulations are found to reduce costs and time associated with technological development when incorporated judiciously.

  4. [Interest in periodic health examinations for young people in the judicial system].

    PubMed

    North, S

    2003-12-01

    The Centre for Health Examinations (CES) in Roche sur Yon has experience with the Periodic Health Examinations (EPS) on population groups in fragile or disadvantaged situations and young people in the process of integration. Minors followed by the Judicial Protection of the Youth (PJJ) are in a preoccupying state of health. Professionals led a working group for reflection from two institutions working in health management. This study aims to explore the representations of young people's health under the care of the judicial system in order to evaluate the pertinence of EPS in the health course of youth in the judicial correctional system. 23 semi-directed interviews allowed the team to show that if the youth have a somatic definition of health, they are nevertheless open to a comprehensive approach to health. Their parents are unavoidable reference points. The readability of the speakers in terms of mental health remains average. The resources in health documentation are under-utilised. The treating doctor remains a special partner for health. The knowledge of social rights is insufficient. The notion of risk and the need for more information concerns the areas of drunk driving, sexuality and road rage. The EPS very logically places itself in the health course of the youth. The partnership between the health and the justice systems should be constructed in the framework of a convention between the two institutions.

  5. Procedural justice in mental health courts: judicial practices, participant perceptions, and outcomes related to mental health recovery.

    PubMed

    Kopelovich, Sarah; Yanos, Philip; Pratt, Christina; Koerner, Joshua

    2013-01-01

    Research on mental health courts (MHCs) to date has been disproportionately focused on the study of recidivism and reincarceration over the potential of these problem solving courts to facilitate the recovery process and affect the slope of recovery. This study attempts to shift the focal point of interest from well-established criminal justice outcomes to the experiences and perceptions of MHC participants. The authors hypothesize that the actions of MHC judges that are consistent with procedural justice theory will engender high perceptions of procedural justice among this sample of divertees with SMI. Defendant perceptions of procedural justice in 4 NYC-area MHCs were also compared to those of uninvolved observers. Results suggest that defendant perceptions are distinct from observer perceptions, which tended to be more sensitive to the differences in judges between the four courts. Overall, participants' perceptions of procedural justice were moderate and increased between baseline and 4-month follow-up. Procedural justice was negatively correlated with symptoms at baseline and was positively correlated with participant's attitudes toward their own recovery. Between baseline and 4-month follow-up, participants in our sample tended to increase in perceptions of procedural justice; interestingly, the increase in procedural justice was associated with a decrease in symptoms but not to an increase in attitudes toward the recovery. Implications and future directions are discussed.

  6. 24 CFR 180.710 - Judicial review of final decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Judicial review of final decision. 180.710 Section 180.710 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

  7. 24 CFR 180.710 - Judicial review of final decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Judicial review of final decision. 180.710 Section 180.710 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

  8. 24 CFR 180.710 - Judicial review of final decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Judicial review of final decision. 180.710 Section 180.710 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

  9. 24 CFR 180.805 - Judicial review of final decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Judicial review of final decision. 180.805 Section 180.805 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

  10. 24 CFR 180.710 - Judicial review of final decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Judicial review of final decision. 180.710 Section 180.710 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

  11. 24 CFR 180.710 - Judicial review of final decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Judicial review of final decision. 180.710 Section 180.710 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

  12. 24 CFR 180.805 - Judicial review of final decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Judicial review of final decision. 180.805 Section 180.805 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

  13. 24 CFR 180.805 - Judicial review of final decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Judicial review of final decision. 180.805 Section 180.805 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

  14. 24 CFR 180.805 - Judicial review of final decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Judicial review of final decision. 180.805 Section 180.805 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

  15. 24 CFR 180.805 - Judicial review of final decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Judicial review of final decision. 180.805 Section 180.805 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

  16. Environmental Impact Assessment Law in China's courts: A study of 107 judicial decisions

    SciTech Connect

    Zining, Jin

    2015-11-15

    The article explores the practices of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Law in China's courts by examining 107 judicial decisions. Each of the 107 judicial decisions has been analyzed to determine the time/location of the decision, what type of EIA document was referred to, what specific claim was made by the plaintiffs, and what the court's ruling was on the case. The results indicate that: unlike in Germany or Japan, all kinds of EIA decisions made by environment protect bureaus (EPBs) in China were widely taken as justiciable, and China's courts generally allowed local residents to have standing and thus challenge the EPBs' decisions made during the EIA process. On the other hand, the research also shows the EPBs overwhelmingly prevailed in those EIA lawsuits. It is also found that China's reviewing judges were highly self-restrained, giving obvious deference to the technocrat with the substantial contents of EIA documents. Also, the concept of “flaw” was created when it came to procedural issues. These two factors, among others, were both helping the EPBs' prevailing successes. - Highlights: • 107 judicial decisions referring to China's EIA law are examined. • The justiciability of EPB's EIA decisions were taken for granted. • The defenders overwhelmingly prevailed in those EIA lawsuits. • The reviewing judges were highly self-restrained, defering to the technocrat with the EIA documents. • A functional concept, “flaw”, was created by reviewing judges when it came to procedural issues.

  17. 14 CFR § 1262.309 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Judicial review. § 1262.309 Section § 1262.309 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE... unsupported by the substantial evidence. [51 FR 15311, Apr. 23, 1986, as amended at 60 FR 12669, Mar. 8, 1995]...

  18. A Call for Restorative Justice in Higher Education Judicial Affairs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Karen L.

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to provide support for post-secondary institutions' exploring and implementing restorative justice in their judicial practices. Although restorative principles have been employed successfully across the globe in criminal proceedings and K-12 education, most colleges and universities have not yet embraced this practice. By exploring…

  19. 75 FR 65381 - Hearings of the Judicial Conference Committees on Bankruptcy, Criminal Rules

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-22

    ... UNITED STATES Hearings of the Judicial Conference Committees on Bankruptcy, Criminal Rules AGENCY: Advisory Committee on Bankruptcy Rules and Advisory Committee on Criminal Rules, Judicial Conference of the... on Bankruptcy Rules and the Advisory Committee on Criminal Rules have proposed amendments to...

  20. 36 CFR 251.101 - Policy in event of judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Policy in event of judicial proceedings. 251.101 Section 251.101 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF....101 Policy in event of judicial proceedings. It is the position of the Department of Agriculture...

  1. 36 CFR 251.101 - Policy in event of judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Policy in event of judicial proceedings. 251.101 Section 251.101 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF....101 Policy in event of judicial proceedings. It is the position of the Department of Agriculture...

  2. 36 CFR 251.101 - Policy in event of judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Policy in event of judicial proceedings. 251.101 Section 251.101 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF....101 Policy in event of judicial proceedings. It is the position of the Department of Agriculture...

  3. Names at the rank of class, subclass and order, their typification and current status: Supplementary information to Opinion 79. Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes.

    PubMed

    Tindall, B J

    2014-10-01

    The attention of the Judicial Commission was drawn to issues relating to the use of names at the rank of class, subclass and order and the nomenclatural type of names at the rank of class and subclass that were not covered by Opinion 79. The Judicial Commission ruled that names at the rank of class and order proposed by Cavalier-Smith (Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 52, 7-76, 2002) are to be placed on the List of Rejected Names (nomina rejicienda) and the use of names proposed in that publication above the rank of class is to be actively discouraged. In addition a list of names at the rank of class, subclass and order is given where the nomenclatural type, description or circumscription is unclear or where they otherwise appear to be not in accordance with the Rules of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria.

  4. 42 CFR 414.920 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... administrative or judicial review: (a) The establishment of payment amounts. (b) The awarding of vendor contracts. (c) The establishment of competitive acquisition areas. (d) The selection of CAP drugs. (e) The bidding structure. (f) The number of vendors selected....

  5. 15 CFR 8.14 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 General Compliance § 8.14 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to...

  6. 28 CFR 9.4 - Petitions in judicial forfeiture cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ....4 Section 9.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE REMISSION OR... in clear and concise terms: (i) The name, address, and social security or other taxpayer... releasing the interest in such property. (e) Filing petition with Department of Justice. A petition...

  7. 41 CFR 105-70.042 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 105-70.042 Section 105-70.042 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION Regional Offices-General...

  8. 20 CFR 410.670a - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, TITLE IV..., Finality of Decisions, and Representation of Parties § 410.670a Judicial review. A civil action may be... Social Security Act, as incorporated by section 413(b) of the Act....

  9. The Legitimizing Function of Judicial Rhetoric in the Eugenics Controversy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hasian, Marouf, Jr.; Croasmun, Earl

    1992-01-01

    Investigates the possibility that judicial policymaking is responsive to the situational exigencies created in part through public discourse. Investigates the elite and public perspectives regarding the eugenics controversy in the 1920s to explore the emergent relationship between the public and technical spheres of argument. (SR)

  10. 13 CFR 142.37 - What judicial review is available?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What judicial review is available? 142.37 Section 142.37 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL... defendant must file a petition in a timely fashion....

  11. Judicial Decisions in the Field of Labour Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Labour Review, 1982

    1982-01-01

    Presents a selection of summaries of recent judicial decisions in a number of countries concerninq the application of general legal principles to contracts of employment, acquired rights, liability of employers and workers, access to employment, nature of the employment relationship, and more. (Editor/CT)

  12. Judicial Review: Issues of State Court Involvement in School Finance Litigation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colwell, William Bradley

    1998-01-01

    Due to state legislatures' reluctance to initiate school-funding reform, judicial bodies are asked to provide relief from alleged inequities. Before providing judicial review, the judiciary must decide whether an issue is justiciable (does not violate separation of powers) and warrants court intervention. Children's education has not substantially…

  13. Practicing Judicious Discipline: An Educator's Guide to a Democratic Classroom. Third Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landau, Barbara McEwan, Ed.

    This book, a supplement to Forrest Gathercoal's "Judicious Discipline," is designed to give educators practical ideas for lesson plans, advice from educators who use "Judicious Discipline," and a compendium of strategies designed to assist in the creation of a school-wide democratic learning environment that will serve the needs of all students.…

  14. 7 CFR 1.426 - Appeal to Judicial Officer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appeal to Judicial Officer. 1.426 Section 1.426 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Rules of Practice Governing Adjudication of Sourcing Area Applications and Formal Review of Sourcing Areas Pursuant to the Forest...

  15. Iberian (South American) Model of Judicial Review: Toward Conceptual Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klishas, Andrey A.

    2016-01-01

    The paper explores Latin American countries legislation with the view to identify specific features of South American model of judicial review. The research methodology rests on comparative approach to analyzing national constitutions' provisions and experts' interpretations thereof. The constitutional provisions of Brazil, Peru, Mexico, and…

  16. Matching Judicial Supervision to Clients' Risk Status in Drug Court

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marlowe, Douglas B.; Festinger, David S.; Lee, Patricia A.; Dugosh, Karen L.; Benasutti, Kathleen M.

    2006-01-01

    This article reports outcomes from a program of experimental research evaluating the risk principle in drug courts. Prior studies revealed that participants who were high risk and had (a) antisocial personality disorder or (b) a prior history of drug abuse treatment performed better in drug court when scheduled to attend biweekly judicial status…

  17. Cultures in Collision: Cosmology, Jurisprudence, and Religion in Tlingit Territory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Caskey

    2009-01-01

    The term "first contact" usually conjures up an image of a group of European soldiers landing on a beach in the New World, their ship anchored just offshore, while a large group of Natives approaches the soldiers. On both sides there is caution but also curiosity. Beyond the physical collision of two different peoples there is also a…

  18. Annual committee reports on significant legislative, judicial and administrative developments in 1983: Solid and Hazardous Waste Committee

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-01-01

    There were several significant developments under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA or Superfund), the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), and the Toxic Substance Act (TSCA). Court cases on CERCLA involved basic liability issues, prerequisites to actions, and several miscellaneous issues, while adminstrative developments included issuing the national priorities list and amendments to the National Contingency Plan. Court decisions under RCRA addressed liability of those accepting wastes. The Environmental Protection Agency issued a new definition of solid waste and new regulations. Administrative developments under TSCA covered integrated control programs for new and existing chemicals, the collection of information on existing chemicals, and enforcement and inspection activities. 228 references.

  19. Annual committee reports on significant legislative, judicial and administrative developments in 1983: Public Lands and Land-Use Committee

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-01-01

    The Supreme Court made three major land-use decisions during 1983, two dealing with federalism and the third with federal jiduciary obligation. The US Forest Service Small Tracts Act added flexibility to the disposal of small tracts. Court cases relating to national forests dealt with title disputes, oil and gas leasing, Indian religious practices, dual permitting under the Wilderness Act, and licensing hydro projects on Indian lands. The committee reports uneven administrative progress by the Forests Service in managing the forests. Legislation relating to Department of Interior Management Lands focuses on Outer Continental Shelf and federal coal leases and wilderness areas. The Supreme Court made several decisions involving the classification of sand and gravel as minerals, trespass, nonimpairment standards, herbicides, and other issues. 132 references.

  20. Judicious Toggling of mTOR Activity to Combat Insulin Resistance and Cancer: Current Evidence and Perspectives

    PubMed Central

    Ong, Pei Shi; Wang, Louis Z.; Dai, Xiaoyun; Tseng, Sheng Hsuan; Loo, Shang Jun; Sethi, Gautam

    2016-01-01

    The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR), via its two distinct multiprotein complexes, mTORC1, and mTORC2, plays a central role in the regulation of cellular growth, metabolism, and migration. A dysregulation of the mTOR pathway has in turn been implicated in several pathological conditions including insulin resistance and cancer. Overactivation of mTORC1 and disruption of mTORC2 function have been reported to induce insulin resistance. On the other hand, aberrant mTORC1 and mTORC2 signaling via either genetic alterations or increased expression of proteins regulating mTOR and its downstream targets have contributed to cancer development. These underlined the attractiveness of mTOR as a therapeutic target to overcome both insulin resistance and cancer. This review summarizes the evidence supporting the notion of intermittent, low dose rapamycin for treating insulin resistance. It further highlights recent data on the continuous use of high dose rapamycin analogs and related second generation mTOR inhibitors for cancer eradication, for overcoming chemoresistance and for tumor stem cell suppression. Within these contexts, the potential challenges associated with the use of mTOR inhibitors are also discussed. PMID:27826244

  1. 40 CFR 22.4 - Powers and duties of the Environmental Appeals Board, Regional Judicial Officer and Presiding...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Powers and duties of the Environmental.../TERMINATION OR SUSPENSION OF PERMITS General § 22.4 Powers and duties of the Environmental Appeals Board... disqualified, the Regional Administrator from the Region where the case originated shall replace...

  2. 77 FR 6879 - Rules of Practice for Trials Before the Patent Trial and Appeal Board and Judicial Review of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-09

    ...The United States Patent and Trademark Office (Office or USPTO) proposes new rules of practice to implement the provisions of the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act that provide for trials before the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (Board). The proposed rules would provide a consolidated set of rules relating to Board trial practice for inter partes review, post-grant review, the transitional......

  3. [Temporality and trauma: Towards an articulation between the judicial, educational and psychological times in repeat teenage offenders].

    PubMed

    Kermarrec, S; Mougli, K

    2015-09-01

    Within the past few years, the problem of repeat teenage offenders has raised troubling questions among the various institutions in charge of this population. The temporalities of these adolescents are marked by immediacy, urgency, and repetition that circumvent a linear view of time and the programs set up to handle them. Studies on repeat teenage aggressors (notably, sexual aggressors) have shown that these young people often have a history of an acknowledged or unacknowledged trauma. The fact of having been a victim of abuse during childhood is thought to be a factor leading to later acting out. Our objective is to inquire into these juvenile delinquents and their treatment using a temporal framework of their life pathway that will influence the ways in which they are treated by professionals. By tracing back through the lives of these young authors of violence, we can find out whether they were themselves victims. Repeated acts of violence by a youth could then be seen not as isolated acts but as expressions of ill-being, of having been a victim, whether recognized or not. The act thus represents a link between the present and the past that can be analyzed by looking at occurrences of acting out. It would be interesting, moreover, to reflect upon how continuity could be created there where disruption strikes the youth and often the institutions too. We provide a detailed description of the notion of trauma by recalling its definition and its possible immediate and deferred effects on these youths. In the immediate time frame, the subject may present a physical reaction to the trauma. The psychological reaction will determine a psychic time frame expressed in several ways, whether immediately or at a distance from the traumatic event. Posttraumatic reactions may hamper the development of the teenager's personality. Some traumatized adolescents will express their ill-being by aggressiveness, as they replay the traumatic scene by staging violent and dangerous

  4. 77 FR 48611 - Rules of Practice for Trials Before the Patent Trial and Appeal Board and Judicial Review of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-14

    ...The United States Patent and Trademark Office (Office or USPTO) is revising the rules of practice to implement the provisions of the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (``AIA'') that provide for trials before the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (Board). This final rule provides a consolidated set of rules relating to Board trial practice for inter partes review, post-grant review, the transitional......

  5. Changes in Levels of Affirmative Action in College Admissions in Response to Statewide Bans and Judicial Rulings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blume, Grant H.; Long, Mark C.

    2014-01-01

    Affirmative action in college admissions was effectively banned in Texas by the Hopwood ruling in 1997, by voter referenda in California and Washington in 1996 and 1998, and by administrative decisions in Florida in 1999. The "Hopwood" and "Johnson" rulings also had possible applicability to public colleges throughout Alabama,…

  6. Judicial Assessment of the Credibility of Child Witnesses

    PubMed Central

    Bala, Nicholas; Ramakrishnan, Karuna; Lindsay, Roderick; Lee, Kang

    2010-01-01

    This article reports on the results of two research studies carried out by the authors that address the questions of how and how well judges assess the honesty and reliability of children’s testimony. One study tested the accuracy of judges and other professionals in assessing the honesty of children giving mock testimony. Judges performed at only slightly above chance levels, though the performance of judges was comparable to other justice system professionals, and significantly better than the performance of law students. The second study, a survey of Canadian judges about their perceptions of child witnesses, reveals that judges believe that compared to adults, children are generally more likely when testifying to make errors due to limitations of their memory or communication skills and due to the effects of suggestive questions. However, children are perceived to generally be more honest than adult witnesses. The survey also revealed that judges believe that children are often asked developmentally inappropriate questions in court, especially by defence counsel. There were no gender differences among the judges in either study. To put this research in context, the article first discusses the inherent challenges in assessing the credibility of witnesses and provides a review of the psychological literature and leading Canadian jurisprudence on the credibility and evidence of children. PMID:26566290

  7. Increasing the Generalizability of ANOVA Results by Judicious Selection of Fixed-, Random-, and Mixed-Effects ANOVA Models.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baugh, Frank G.

    The analysis of variance (ANOVA) is a frequently used statistical procedure by which the equality of more than two population means can be tested without inflating the Type I error rate (D. Hinkle, W. Wiersma, and S. Jurs, 1998). Fixed-, random-, and mixed-effects ANOVA models are each capable of yielding interesting and useful results when…

  8. Report of the AMA Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs: professionalism in the use of social media.

    PubMed

    Shore, Rebecca; Halsey, Julia; Shah, Kavita; Crigger, Bette-Jane; Douglas, Sharon P

    2011-01-01

    Although many physicians have been using the internet for both clinical and social purposes for years, recently concerns have been raised regarding blurred boundaries of the profession as a whole. In both the news media and medical literature, physicians have noted there are unanswered questions in these areas, and that professional self-regulation is needed. This report discusses the ethical implications of physicians' nonclinical use of the internet, including the use of social networking sites, blogs, and other means to post content online. It does not address the clinical use of the internet, such as telemedicine, e-prescribing, online clinical consultations, health-related websites, use of electronic media for clinical collaboration, and e-mailing patients (some of which are already covered in the AMA's Code of Medical Ethics).

  9. [Polygamy in Sub-Saharan Africa in countries formerly under French colonial rule (comparative and international judicial aspects)].

    PubMed

    De Vareilles-sommieres, P

    1993-01-01

    Legal aspects concerning the practice of polygamy in the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa formerly under French rule are compared and discussed. The focus is on the effect of political independence on the codification of marital customs into law.

  10. Blood transfusion practice in obstetric and gynecology: impact of educational programs to create awareness for judicious use of blood components.

    PubMed

    Gupte, Snehalata C; Patel, Pratima N

    2014-09-01

    The study presents the data analysis (1) To find out the trend of blood component use during the period 2003-2010 and to determine impact of component awareness programs on reduction in whole blood (WB) and single unit transfusions. (2) To determine Hb trigger. The details about blood units issued were entered in the integrated blood bank management software as well as in Microsoft Excel. The data of 4,838 cases of pregnancy anemia; 2,244 receiving blood for obstetric (Ob) hemorrhage including 270 cases of disseminated intravascular coagulation; 1,413 women having Gynecological (Gy) bleeding; 911 Ob, 2,032 Gy and 740 surgeries for Gy malignancy were analyzed. During the years 2003-2010 there was gradual increase in component utilization for pregnancy anemia, Ob/Gy surgeries and Ob/Gy bleeding and significant reduction in WB transfusions due to component awareness programs. But single unit transfusions showed comparatively lower trend of reduction. The mean Hb was 6.4 g/dL for pregnancy anemia, 8.1 g/dL for surgeries and 7.3 g/dL for Ob/Gy bleeding.

  11. Analysis of 756 cases of sexual assault in Tours (France): medico-legal findings and judicial outcomes.

    PubMed

    Saint-Martin, Pauline; Bouyssy, Marie; O'Byrne, Patrick

    2007-10-01

    We describe the medico-legal findings in a population of sexual assault cases assessed in an urban French referral centre, analyse the subsequent legal dispositions in each case and determine whether the characteristics of the assault and the medico-legal findings were associated with conviction of the assailant. We performed a retrospective study of medicolegal reports in all the sexual assault cases reported in Tours (France) during a seven-year period. We defined two groups of victims: children under 15 years old and victims aged 15 years or more. Legal outcomes were obtained from courtroom proceedings. The relationship between the outcomes and the circumstances of the case was analyzed by logistic regression. We enrolled a total of 756 cases during the study period. The mean age of the study population was 16.5 years and 68.3% of the cases involved children under 15 years old. In 57% of these cases, the assailant was a family member. 31.7% of all the victims were aged 15 years or more. The assailant was an acquaintance of the victim in 62.2% of the cases. Drug-facilitated assault was suspected in 2.9% of the cases. In 46.2% of the cases, formal criminal charges were not filed due to insufficient evidence; 36.3% of the assailants were convicted. Examination at the request of the police authorities and previous acquaintance of the assailant by the victim were significantly associated with conviction. Allegations of penetration, the presence of general body trauma and the presence of genital trauma were not necessarily associated with conviction. Medical examiners need to be circumspect when they record non-medical variables. Physical evidence of trauma was neither predictive nor essential for conviction. Successful prosecution depends on the quality of the testimony provided by the victim.

  12. Are people excessive or judicious in their egocentrism? A modeling approach to understanding bias and accuracy in people's optimism.

    PubMed

    Windschitl, Paul D; Rose, Jason P; Stalkfleet, Michael T; Smith, Andrew R

    2008-08-01

    People are often egocentric when judging their likelihood of success in competitions, leading to overoptimism about winning when circumstances are generally easy and to overpessimism when the circumstances are difficult. Yet, egocentrism might be grounded in a rational tendency to favor highly reliable information (about the self) more so than less reliable information (about others). A general theory of probability called extended support theory was used to conceptualize and assess the role of egocentrism and its consequences for the accuracy of people's optimism in 3 competitions (Studies 1-3, respectively). Also, instructions were manipulated to test whether people who were urged to avoid egocentrism would show improved or worsened accuracy in their likelihood judgments. Egocentrism was found to have a potentially helpful effect on one form of accuracy, but people generally showed too much egocentrism. Debias instructions improved one form of accuracy but had no impact on another. The advantages of using the EST framework for studying optimism and other types of judgments (e.g., comparative ability judgments) are discussed.

  13. "But a Step from College to the Judicial Bench": College and Curriculum in New England's "Age of Improvement"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nivison, Kenneth

    2010-01-01

    In 1827, two years after its incorporation as a college and six years removed from its founding as a "collegiate institution," Amherst College revamped its curriculum into what it called a "parallel course of study." In this new scheme, students were allowed to follow one of two tracks during their college years. Amherst's…

  14. Applying Positive Youth Development and Life-Course Research to the Treatment of Adolescents Involved with the Judicial System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradshaw, Catherine P.; Brown, Jennifer Southwick; Hamilton, Stephen F.

    2006-01-01

    Contemporary perspectives on positive youth development are considered in light of multidisciplinary life-course research regarding the development of serious behavior problems. Strategies are provided for applying the youth development perspective and life-course research to clinical interventions for court-involved youth. (Contains 1 table.)

  15. Professional Rigor, Public Engagement and Judicial Review: A Proposal for Enhancing the Validity of Education Adequacy Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rebell, Michael

    2007-01-01

    Background/Context: In recent years, state legislatures, state education departments, and advocacy groups in over 30 states have sponsored education adequacy studies, which aim to determine objectively the amount of funding needed to provide all students a meaningful opportunity for an adequate education. Not surprisingly, because of their growing…

  16. 19 CFR 103.9 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... review. (a) Failure to comply with time limitations. If the United States Customs Service fails to comply... United States. The Chief Counsel, United States Customs Service, 1300 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Judicial review. 103.9 Section 103.9...

  17. 19 CFR 207.50 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Judicial review. 207.50 Section 207.50 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS OF WHETHER INJURY TO DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES RESULTS FROM IMPORTS SOLD AT LESS THAN FAIR VALUE OR FROM...

  18. 19 CFR 207.50 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Judicial review. 207.50 Section 207.50 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS OF WHETHER INJURY TO DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES RESULTS FROM IMPORTS SOLD AT LESS THAN FAIR VALUE OR FROM...

  19. 19 CFR 207.50 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Judicial review. 207.50 Section 207.50 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS OF WHETHER INJURY TO DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES RESULTS FROM IMPORTS SOLD AT LESS THAN FAIR VALUE OR FROM...

  20. 19 CFR 207.50 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Judicial review. 207.50 Section 207.50 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS OF WHETHER INJURY TO DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES RESULTS FROM IMPORTS SOLD AT LESS THAN FAIR VALUE OR FROM...

  1. 19 CFR 207.50 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Judicial review. 207.50 Section 207.50 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS OF WHETHER INJURY TO DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES RESULTS FROM IMPORTS SOLD AT LESS THAN FAIR VALUE OR FROM...

  2. 22 CFR 209.11 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Judicial review. 209.11 Section 209.11 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT NON-DISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY-ASSISTED PROGRAMS OF THE AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 §...

  3. 5 CFR 900.411 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) INTERGOVERNMENTAL PERSONNEL ACT PROGRAMS Nondiscrimination in Federally Assisted Programs in the Office of Personnel Management-Effectuation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 § 900.411 Judicial review. Action...

  4. 5 CFR 900.411 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) INTERGOVERNMENTAL PERSONNEL ACT PROGRAMS Nondiscrimination in Federally Assisted Programs in the Office of Personnel Management-Effectuation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 § 900.411 Judicial review. Action...

  5. 5 CFR 900.411 - Judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) INTERGOVERNMENTAL PERSONNEL ACT PROGRAMS Nondiscrimination in Federally Assisted Programs in the Office of Personnel Management-Effectuation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 § 900.411 Judicial review. Action...

  6. 43 CFR 4.478 - Appeals to the Board of Land Appeals; judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Grazing Procedures (inside and Outside Grazing Districts) § 4.478 Appeals to the Board of Land Appeals... judicial review under 5 U.S.C. 704 of a final BLM grazing decision if the administrative law judge denies...

  7. 28 CFR 0.49 - International judicial assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false International judicial assistance. 0.49 Section 0.49 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Civil... authorities which are referred to the Department of Justice through diplomatic or other governmental...

  8. Processes and process development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hwang, H. L.

    1986-02-01

    Silicon material research in the Republic of China (ROC) parallels its development in the electronic industry. A brief outline of the historical development in ROC silicon material research is given. Emphasis is placed on the recent Silane Project managed by the National Science Council, ROC, including project objectives, task forces, and recent accomplishments. An introduction is also given to industrialization of the key technologies developed in this project.

  9. 21 CFR 1316.95 - Petition for expedited release of a conveyance in a judicial forfeiture action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Petition for expedited release of a conveyance in a judicial forfeiture action. 1316.95 Section 1316.95 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION... action. (a) Where a conveyance has been seized and is being forfeited in a judicial proceeding for a...

  10. A Comparison of the School Board Members' and School Board Attorneys' Levels of Moral Development and Ethical Reasoning Processes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sparkman, William E.; And Others

    This paper presents findings of a study that identified the levels of moral development and ethical reasoning processes of school board members and school district attorneys. The two groups were selected because of the quasi-judicial role that board members play and because of the increasing legalization of the schooling process. A survey of 155…

  11. Judicious Discipline. Revised Fourth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gathercoal, Forrest

    This book is a guide to creating a democratic classroom management style that serves as a real-life model for the same system of rules and responsibilities under which students will live when they leave school. The ideas are based on ethical, educational, and legal perspectives for school rules and decisions based on a democratic form of…

  12. [Sinusitis--judicious antibiotic treatment].

    PubMed

    Niedzielska, Grazyna

    2007-01-01

    The paper presents different forms of sinusitis in children and adults as well as the patomechanism of sinusitis of infective and non-infective origin. The role of bacterial infection has been discussed. Participation of major pathogens of URTI such as S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae and M. catarrhalis has been highlighted and the factors influencing growth of their antibiotic-resistant stains. Guidelines concerning antibiotic therapy in children and adults, depending on disease course, age and factors influencing growth of resistant stains have been presented. Causes of failure in treatment of sinusitis have been analysed eg. in case of bacterial biofilm growth or non-neutrophilic inflammation forms. Antimicrobial treatment concerns mainly acute and aggravated infections. In case of chronic sinusitis, antibiotic therapy is complementary to surgical treatment.

  13. 41 CFR 102-74.345 - Does the smoking policy in this part apply to the judicial branch?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Does the smoking policy... REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 74-FACILITY MANAGEMENT Facility Management Smoking § 102-74.345 Does the smoking policy in this part apply to the judicial branch? This smoking policy applies to the judicial branch...

  14. 41 CFR 102-74.345 - Does the smoking policy in this part apply to the judicial branch?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Does the smoking policy... REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 74-FACILITY MANAGEMENT Facility Management Smoking § 102-74.345 Does the smoking policy in this part apply to the judicial branch? This smoking policy applies to the judicial branch...

  15. 41 CFR 102-74.345 - Does the smoking policy in this part apply to the judicial branch?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Does the smoking policy... REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 74-FACILITY MANAGEMENT Facility Management Smoking § 102-74.345 Does the smoking policy in this part apply to the judicial branch? This smoking policy applies to the judicial branch...

  16. 41 CFR 102-74.345 - Does the smoking policy in this part apply to the judicial branch?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Does the smoking policy... REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 74-FACILITY MANAGEMENT Facility Management Smoking § 102-74.345 Does the smoking policy in this part apply to the judicial branch? This smoking policy applies to the judicial branch...

  17. 41 CFR 102-74.345 - Does the smoking policy in this part apply to the judicial branch?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Does the smoking policy... REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 74-FACILITY MANAGEMENT Facility Management Smoking § 102-74.345 Does the smoking policy in this part apply to the judicial branch? This smoking policy applies to the judicial branch...

  18. 28 CFR 105.12 - Notification for candidates eligible for expedited processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Notification for candidates eligible for expedited processing. 105.12 Section 105.12 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS Aviation Training for Aliens and Other Designated Individuals §...

  19. 28 CFR 105.13 - Notification for candidates not eligible for expedited processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Notification for candidates not eligible for expedited processing. 105.13 Section 105.13 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS Aviation Training for Aliens and Other Designated...

  20. 28 CFR 105.13 - Notification for candidates not eligible for expedited processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Notification for candidates not eligible for expedited processing. 105.13 Section 105.13 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS Aviation Training for Aliens and Other Designated...

  1. 28 CFR 105.12 - Notification for candidates eligible for expedited processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Notification for candidates eligible for expedited processing. 105.12 Section 105.12 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS Aviation Training for Aliens and Other Designated Individuals §...

  2. 28 CFR 105.13 - Notification for candidates not eligible for expedited processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Notification for candidates not eligible for expedited processing. 105.13 Section 105.13 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS Aviation Training for Aliens and Other Designated...

  3. 28 CFR 105.13 - Notification for candidates not eligible for expedited processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Notification for candidates not eligible for expedited processing. 105.13 Section 105.13 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS Aviation Training for Aliens and Other Designated...

  4. "Board of Curators of the University of Missouri v. Horowitz": Student Due Process Rights and Judicial Deference to Academic Dismissals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brock, Allan D.

    1979-01-01

    The "Horowitz" case is consistent with the general reluctance of courts to sustain constitutional challenges to decisions by educators in academic matters. Available from Willamette University College of Law, Salem, OR 97301. (Author)

  5. Outpatient commitment and procedural due process.

    PubMed

    Player, Candice Teri-Lowe

    2015-01-01

    A large empirical literature on Kendra's Law has assessed the impact of court ordered outpatient treatment on outcomes such as treatment adherence, psychiatric hospitalization, quality of life, and treatment costs. Missing from the empirical literature, however, is a better understanding of procedural due process under Kendra's Law. Procedural due process concerns the safeguards that must be in place when governments deprive persons of their liberties, for example--notice, the right to a hearing and the right to appeal. This article reports the findings from a qualitative study of procedural due process and assisted outpatient treatment hearings under Kendra's Law. Attorneys reported significant barriers to effective advocacy on behalf of their clients. Further, despite the shift from a medical model of civil commitment to a judicial model in the 1970s, by and large judges continue to accord great deference to clinical testimony.

  6. INFORMED CONSENT: THE MEDICAL AND LEGAL CHALLENGE OF OUR TIME

    PubMed Central

    Séllos Simões, Luiz Carlos

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To assess the real importance of obtaining informed consent, through an appropriate form, and its role in the outcome from civil liability claims. Methods: The wordings of the current Brazilian law and jurisprudence were compared with rulings from the State Court of the State of Rio de Janeiro, in 269 civil liability claims against healthcare professionals and hospitals. Results: Favorable and unfavorable outcomes (i.e. acquittals and convictions) were compared, and possible variations in the verdicts were discussed in relation to whether informed consent forms had been filled out or not. Conclusions: Obtaining informed consent, by means of appropriate forms, is still not a widespread practice in the Brazilian healthcare or judicial systems. It is recommended that this practice be adopted in the manner described in this paper, since this is prescribed in Brazilian law. PMID:27022541

  7. A moment in human development: legal protection, ethical standards and social policy on the selective non-treatment of handicapped neonates.

    PubMed

    Gostin, L

    1985-01-01

    Selective non-treatment decisions involving severely handicapped neonates have recently come under renewed judicial and legislative scrutiny. In this Article, the Author examines the legal, ethical and social considerations attendant to the non-treatment decision. In Part II of this Article the Author discusses the predominant ethical viewpoints relating to this issue and proposes a new moral standard based on personal interests. Part III presents a survey of the jurisprudence relating to selective non-treatment decisions. Parts IV and V of this Article provide a critical examination of the recently enacted Child Abuse Amendments of 1984, a federal legislative initiative designed to regulate treatment decisions relating to handicapped infants. The Author suggests that the ethical standards and treatment criteria proposed in this Article may prove useful to courts seeking to balance the handicapped neonate's constitutional right to privacy with the requirements of the new federal law.

  8. ['Judicialization' of public health policy for distribution of medicines].

    PubMed

    Chieffi, Ana Luiza; Barata, Rita Barradas

    2009-08-01

    The supply of medicines in response to court orders or injunctions has become a common practice in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. This 'judicialization' of the health system clashes with basic principles of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS), such as equal opportunity to access health services. The aim of this paper is to analyze the legal action used to obtain medicines through the São Paulo State Health Department, from two main angles: judicialization of public policies and breach of the equity principle. This is a descriptive study of legal action taken to obtain medicines through the São State Health Department, as listed in the Electronic Court Docket System for the year 2006. Most cases were filed through private attorneys; 47% of the patients had obtained their prescriptions through private care; and 73% of the cases involved patients from the three wealthiest areas in the city of São Paulo. The data demonstrate that such legal action violates key principles of the SUS such as equity, thereby privileging individuals with higher purchasing power and more access to information.

  9. The combination Enterobacter agglomerans is to be cited as Enterobacter agglomerans (Beijerinck 1888) Ewing and Fife 1972 and the combination Pantoea agglomerans is to be cited as Pantoea agglomerans (Beijerinck 1888) Gavini et al. 1989. Opinion 90. Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes.

    PubMed

    Tindall, B J

    2014-10-01

    The Judicial Commission affirms that, according to information presented to it, the combination Enterobacter agglomerans is to be cited as Enterobacter agglomerans (Beijerinck 1888) Ewing and Fife 1972 and the combination Pantoea agglomerans is to be cited as Pantoea agglomerans (Beijerinck 1888) Gavini et al. 1989.

  10. Causation in negligence: from anti-jurisprudence to principle--individual responsibility as the cornerstone for the attribution of liability.

    PubMed

    Bagaric, Mirko; Erbacher, Sharon

    2011-06-01

    Causation is one of the most esoteric and poorly defined legal principles. The common law standards of the "but for" test and common sense are, in reality, code for unconstrained judicial choice. This leads to a high degree of unpredictability in negligence cases. Changes to the causation standard following the torts reforms have done nothing to inject principle into this area of law: the concept of "appropriateness" is no more illuminating than common sense. Despite this, the trend of recent High Court decisions offers some prospect of clarifying the test for causation. Key themes to emerge are an increased emphasis on individual responsibility and the associated concept of coherency with other legal standards. This article examines the doctrinal reasons underpinning the increasingly important role of these ideals and suggests how they can be accommodated into the test for causation to inject greater coherence and predictability into this area of law.

  11. "Braxton Hick's" or the birth of a new era? Tracing the development of Ireland's abortion laws in respect of European Court of Human Rights Jurisprudence.

    PubMed

    Daly, Brenda

    2011-09-01

    In Ireland, Article 40.3.3 degrees of Bunreacht na hEireann (the Irish Constitution) guarantees the right to life of the unborn child and the equal right to life of the mother. Abortion in Ireland is permissible only where there is a real and substantial risk to the mother's own life. Since Ireland became a signatory to the European Convention on Human Rights in 1950,2 there have been concerns that it could result in Ireland being compelled to introduce a right to abortion. This article commences with a review of the extant law on abortion in Ireland, tracing the Constitutional protection afforded to the unborn child. The article will discuss the impact of the European Court of Human Rights' jurisprudence in regard to access to abortion and to information on abortion services in Ireland in an effort to ascertain if it really has resulted in a radical change to Irish abortion laws. As such, it will also be necessary to examine the more recent decisions of the ECtHR such as Tysiac v. Poland, and A, B, and C v. Ireland, to determine both the approach of the ECtHR to access to abortion in general and also to consider if it has resulted in a liberalisation of abortion law in Ireland.

  12. Matching Judicial Supervision to Clients' Risk Status in Drug Court.

    PubMed

    Marlowe, Douglas B; Festinger, David S; Lee, Patricia A; Dugosh, Karen L; Benasutti, Kathleen M

    2006-01-01

    This article reports outcomes from a program of experimental research evaluating the risk principle in drug courts. Prior studies revealed that participants who were high risk and had (a) antisocial personality disorder or (b) a prior history of drug abuse treatment performed better in drug court when scheduled to attend biweekly judicial status hearings in court. In contrast, participants who were low risk performed equivalently regardless of the court hearings schedule. This study prospectively matches drug court clients to the optimal schedule of court hearings based on an assessment of their risk status and compares outcomes to clients randomly assigned to the standard hearings schedule. Results confirmed that participants who were high risk and matched to biweekly hearings had better during-treatment outcomes than participants assigned to status hearings as usual. These findings provide confirmation of the risk principle in drug courts and yield practical information for enhancing the efficacy and cost-efficiency of drug courts.

  13. 76 FR 52349 - Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committees on Rules of Appellate, Bankruptcy, Civil...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-22

    ... proposed amendments to the following rules: Appellate Rules: 13, 14, 24, 28, and 28.1, and Form 4... UNITED STATES Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committees on Rules of Appellate, Bankruptcy, Civil, and Criminal Procedure and the Federal Rules of Evidence AGENCY: Advisory Committees on Rules...

  14. 21 CFR 1316.68 - Copies of petitions for judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Copies of petitions for judicial review. 1316.68 Section 1316.68 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS, PRACTICES, AND PROCEDURES Administrative Hearings § 1316.68 Copies of petitions for...

  15. 42 CFR 498.95 - Extension of time for seeking judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION APPEALS PROCEDURES FOR DETERMINATIONS THAT AFFECT PARTICIPATION IN THE MEDICARE PROGRAM AND FOR DETERMINATIONS THAT AFFECT THE PARTICIPATION OF ICFs/IID AND... seeking judicial review. (a) Any affected party that is dissatisfied with an Departmental Appeals...

  16. 42 CFR 498.95 - Extension of time for seeking judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION APPEALS PROCEDURES FOR DETERMINATIONS THAT AFFECT PARTICIPATION IN THE MEDICARE PROGRAM AND FOR DETERMINATIONS THAT AFFECT THE PARTICIPATION OF ICFs/IID AND... seeking judicial review. (a) Any affected party that is dissatisfied with an Departmental Appeals...

  17. 42 CFR 498.95 - Extension of time for seeking judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION APPEALS PROCEDURES FOR DETERMINATIONS THAT AFFECT PARTICIPATION IN THE MEDICARE PROGRAM AND FOR DETERMINATIONS THAT AFFECT THE PARTICIPATION OF ICFs/MR AND... seeking judicial review. (a) Any affected party that is dissatisfied with an Departmental Appeals...

  18. 42 CFR 498.95 - Extension of time for seeking judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION APPEALS PROCEDURES FOR DETERMINATIONS THAT AFFECT PARTICIPATION IN THE MEDICARE PROGRAM AND FOR DETERMINATIONS THAT AFFECT THE PARTICIPATION OF ICFs/IID AND... seeking judicial review. (a) Any affected party that is dissatisfied with an Departmental Appeals...

  19. 42 CFR 498.95 - Extension of time for seeking judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION APPEALS PROCEDURES FOR DETERMINATIONS THAT AFFECT PARTICIPATION IN THE MEDICARE PROGRAM AND FOR DETERMINATIONS THAT AFFECT THE PARTICIPATION OF ICFs/MR AND... seeking judicial review. (a) Any affected party that is dissatisfied with an Departmental Appeals...

  20. 44 CFR 5.59 - Judicial relief available to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial relief available to the public. 5.59 Section 5.59 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION Described Records §...

  1. 16 CFR 1101.46 - Other administrative or judicial proceeding exception.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... exception. 1101.46 Section 1101.46 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT... Statutory Exceptions of Section 6(b)(4) § 1101.46 Other administrative or judicial proceeding exception. (a... same meaning as set forth in either § 1101.44 (c) and (d) or § 1101.45 (c) and (d), whichever...

  2. 29 CFR 1905.51 - Finality for purposes of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Finality for purposes of judicial review. 1905.51 Section 1905.51 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR RULES OF PRACTICE FOR VARIANCES, LIMITATIONS, VARIATIONS, TOLERANCES, AND...

  3. Periodic Judicial Review of Children in Foster Care: Issues Related to Effective Implementation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davidson, Howard A.

    In 1974, the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges initiated a special project to promote, in courts throughout the country, periodic review of the status of all children in foster care. This paper explains the development of these judicial review systems, describes several alternative review mechanisms, and discusses key issues…

  4. 19 CFR 356.3 - Notice of intent to commence judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Notice of intent to commence judicial review. 356.3 Section 356.3 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES AND RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 1904 OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Procedures...

  5. 19 CFR 356.3 - Notice of intent to commence judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notice of intent to commence judicial review. 356.3 Section 356.3 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES AND RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 1904 OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Procedures...

  6. 19 CFR 356.3 - Notice of intent to commence judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Notice of intent to commence judicial review. 356.3 Section 356.3 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES AND RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 1904 OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Procedures...

  7. [Adolescents and violence. Impact of African traditions and customs on the signification of the law to children in familial, social, educative and judicial practices].

    PubMed

    Mbassa Menick, D

    2003-01-01

    Youth-related violence is a frequent topic of press reports and editorial comment. The most disturbing aspects of the phenomenon are the younger and younger age of delinquents and the greater and greater availability of firearms. While the advocates of an American-style approach of absolute repression clash with those of the educative approach to change aggressive attitudes and young people benefit from their "minor" status, the compelling reality is that all preventive programs have failed flatly. This purpose of this study was twofold. The first aim was to highlight the important contribution of tradition and custom to channeling youthful behavior in African society today and yesterday through signification and transmission of law in familial, social, educative and juridical practices. The second goal was to identify and define the psycho-relational elements that can be considered as factors promoting violent and self-destructive tendencies in minors of African origin tempted by migration in a society in which social representations inhibit parents and prevent them from conveying the limits of the law in their children.

  8. 28 CFR 28.24 - Exceptions based on the results of judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... judicial proceedings. 28.24 Section 28.24 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION... inapplicable in two circumstances relating to the results of judicial proceedings: (a) Judicial denial of DNA testing. Section 3600A(c)(1) exempts situations in which a court has denied a motion for DNA testing...

  9. 28 CFR 28.24 - Exceptions based on the results of judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... judicial proceedings. 28.24 Section 28.24 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION... inapplicable in two circumstances relating to the results of judicial proceedings: (a) Judicial denial of DNA testing. Section 3600A(c)(1) exempts situations in which a court has denied a motion for DNA testing...

  10. 28 CFR 28.24 - Exceptions based on the results of judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... judicial proceedings. 28.24 Section 28.24 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION... inapplicable in two circumstances relating to the results of judicial proceedings: (a) Judicial denial of DNA testing. Section 3600A(c)(1) exempts situations in which a court has denied a motion for DNA testing...

  11. 28 CFR 28.24 - Exceptions based on the results of judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... judicial proceedings. 28.24 Section 28.24 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION... inapplicable in two circumstances relating to the results of judicial proceedings: (a) Judicial denial of DNA testing. Section 3600A(c)(1) exempts situations in which a court has denied a motion for DNA testing...

  12. 28 CFR 28.24 - Exceptions based on the results of judicial proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... judicial proceedings. 28.24 Section 28.24 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION... inapplicable in two circumstances relating to the results of judicial proceedings: (a) Judicial denial of DNA testing. Section 3600A(c)(1) exempts situations in which a court has denied a motion for DNA testing...

  13. Standards Relating to Schools and Education. Juvenile Justice Standards Project [of the] Institute of Judicial Administration [and the] American Bar Association. Tentative Draft.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    [Buss, William; Goldstein, Stephen

    The standards and commentary in this volume are part of a series designed to cover the juvenile justice system and its relationship to the rights and responsibilities of juveniles. This volume on public education is addressed to legislators, courts, lawyers, educators, parents, students, and the general public. The volume proposes standards…

  14. 28 CFR 34.100 - Purpose and applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Purpose and applicability. 34.100 Section 34.100 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP COMPETITION AND PEER REVIEW PROCEDURES... a formal peer review process. Such process must utilize experts (other than officials and...

  15. Copyright and Telecommunications. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Intellectual Property and Judicial Administration of the Committee on the Judiciary. House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on the Judiciary.

    Representative William J. Hughes introduced a hearing to examine the Satellite Home Viewer Act of 1988 and issues arising from it. Discussion was presented on a recent Federal Communications Commission report on price discrimination, the definition of network, and the effectiveness of the "white area" amendment that permits the…

  16. State School Systems: III. Legislation and Judicial Decisions Relating to Public Education, October 1, 1908, to October 1, 1909. Bulletin, 1910, No. 2. Whole Number 438

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliott, Edward C.

    1910-01-01

    The work presented in this bulletin is in continuation of the plan inaugurated three years ago, which has resulted in two similar publications covering the periods 1904-1906 and 1906-1908 (Bulletin, 1906, No. 3, and Bulletin, 1908, No. 7). In this bulletin an attempt has been made to classify and to analyze the changes wrought in the public school…

  17. Vacuum-deposited small-molecule organic solar cells with high power conversion efficiencies by judicious molecular design and device optimization.

    PubMed

    Chen, Yi-Hong; Lin, Li-Yen; Lu, Chih-Wei; Lin, Francis; Huang, Zheng-Yu; Lin, Hao-Wu; Wang, Po-Han; Liu, Yi-Hung; Wong, Ken-Tsung; Wen, Jianguo; Miller, Dean J; Darling, Seth B

    2012-08-22

    Three new tailor-made molecules (DPDCTB, DPDCPB, and DTDCPB) were strategically designed and convergently synthesized as donor materials for small-molecule organic solar cells. These compounds possess a donor-acceptor-acceptor molecular architecture, in which various electron-donating moieties are connected to an electron-withdrawing dicyanovinylene moiety through another electron-accepting 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole block. The molecular structures and crystal packings of DTDCPB and the previously reported DTDCTB were characterized by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. Photophysical and electrochemical properties as well as energy levels of this series of donor molecules were thoroughly investigated, affording clear structure-property relationships. By delicate manipulation of the trade-off between the photovoltage and the photocurrent via molecular structure engineering together with device optimizations, which included fine-tuning the layer thicknesses and the donor:acceptor blended ratio in the bulk heterojunction layer, vacuum-deposited hybrid planar-mixed heterojunction devices utilizing DTDCPB as the donor and C(70) as the acceptor showed the best performance with a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 6.6 ± 0.2% (the highest PCE of 6.8%), along with an open-circuit voltage (V(oc)) of 0.93 ± 0.02 V, a short-circuit current density (J(sc)) of 13.48 ± 0.27 mA/cm(2), and a fill factor (FF) of 0.53 ± 0.02, under 1 sun (100 mW/cm(2)) AM 1.5G simulated solar illumination.

  18. Environmental assessment process needs and future directions

    SciTech Connect

    Gustafson, P.F.

    1985-01-01

    The environmental assessment process as legislatively mandated by the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) constitutes a double-edged sword as regards the successful management and disposal of radioactive waste. On the one hand, NEPA requires identification and disclosure of the environmental and societal consequences of a given major federal action, consideration of alternatives and/or mitigative measures leading to the same end result, a balancing of costs and benefits, and provides for and encourages public participation in the decision-making process regarding the proposed action(s). On the other hand, public participation supported by judicial decisions, based more upon procedural than substantive issues, may delay, alter, or indeed prohibit a proposed course of action. If the cognizant federal agencies (DOE and NRC in the radioactive waste area) comply with both the spirit and the letter of NEPA a framework for the successful management of radioactive wastes on all types can be developed. If however, these agencies are less than earnest in their NEPA compliance actions or if public opposition is backed by overzealous court action, any radioactive waste management/disposal action (however technically sound) can be hoisted upon a petard from which it may not be freed until well into the next century.

  19. Public Education, Constitutional Values and the Supreme Court of Canada: Has Our Highest Court Offered a Balanced Approach to Judicial Decision-Making?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarke, Paul T.

    2004-01-01

    Since the advent of the "Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms", the Supreme Court of Canada (SCC) has rendered judgments in four cases where individual educational stakeholders have alleged violations of their constitutional rights. In three of the cases, "R. v. Jones", "Eaton v. Brant County Board of Education",…

  20. Legislation and Judicial Decisions Relating to Education, October 1, 1909, to October 1, 1912. Bulletin, 1913, No. 55. Whole Number 566

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boykin, James C.; Hood, William R.

    1913-01-01

    This bulletin presents a summary of the laws relating to education enacted by the following legislative sessions: 1910: Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Virginia; 1911: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia,…

  1. Judicial Activism and the Origins of Parental Choice: The Court's Role in the Institutionalization of Compulsory Education in the United States, 1891-1925

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Provasnik, Stephen

    2006-01-01

    A considerable body of scholarship has examined the history of compulsory attendance in the United States in an effort to explain why compulsory attendance laws were enacted, what effects they had on school attendance rates, and what made enforcement of these laws effective eventually. Recent research has revealed that some long-standing…

  2. United States v. Lopez and the Demise of the Gun-Free School Zones Act: Legislative Over-Reaching or Judicial Nit-Picking?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russo, Charles J.

    1995-01-01

    In "United States v.Lopez," a highly fractured United States Supreme Court, in a five-to-four ruling that generated six different opinions, affirmed that Congress had exceeded its authority in adopting the Gun-Free School Zones Act. Provides an in-depth examination of the Court's ruling and concludes with an analysis of the legal issues…

  3. "But We're in a Court of Law. We're Not in a Legislature.": The Promise and Pitfalls of Educational Policy Reform through the Judicial Branch

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayrowetz, David; Lapham, John

    2008-01-01

    When courts engage in educational policymaking through what is called "public law litigation," they set foot in unsettled territory. Framing the authors' work in legal studies literature, this article relays how one court engaged in a sweeping reform of special education in Chicago and teacher certification in the entire state of…

  4. 29 CFR 90.19 - Judicial review of determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., certified or recognized union, or authorized representative of such worker or group, aggrieved by a final... Court of International Trade. The party seeking judicial review must file for review in the Court of International Trade within sixty (60) days after the notice of determination has been published in the...

  5. 29 CFR 90.19 - Judicial review of determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., group of workers, certified or recognized union, or authorized representative of such worker or group... determination with the United States Court of International Trade. The party seeking judicial review must file for review in the Court of International Trade within sixty (60) days after the notice...

  6. 29 CFR 90.19 - Judicial review of determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., group of workers, certified or recognized union, or authorized representative of such worker or group... determination with the United States Court of International Trade. The party seeking judicial review must file for review in the Court of International Trade within sixty (60) days after the notice...

  7. 29 CFR 90.19 - Judicial review of determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ..., group of workers, certified or recognized union, or authorized representative of such worker or group... determination with the United States Court of International Trade. The party seeking judicial review must file for review in the Court of International Trade within sixty (60) days after the notice...

  8. 26 CFR 301.6226(f)-1 - Scope of judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... respect to Partnership ABC in which the only item adjusted is depreciation. A petition for judicial review of that notice is filed. During the judicial proceeding, a partner of ABC, in accordance with...

  9. Desalination processes and performance

    SciTech Connect

    Summers, L. J.

    1995-06-01

    Different desalination processes are evaluated for feed, capacity, performance, energy requirements, and cost. These include distillation, reverse osmosis, or electrodialysis. Detailed information is given on distillation processes and membrane processes.

  10. 7 CFR 15f.26 - May I seek judicial review of the final determination?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false May I seek judicial review of the final determination... 741 What if I Do Not Agree With the Final Determination by USDA? § 15f.26 May I seek judicial review... determination denying your eligible complaint under these rules to seek judicial review in the United...

  11. 77 FR 66481 - Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States, Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure. ACTION: Notice...

  12. 75 FR 32816 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure. ACTION: Notice...

  13. 76 FR 27090 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure. ACTION: Notice...

  14. 78 FR 77492 - Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure; Federal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure... Bankruptcy Procedure, Judicial Conference of the United States. ACTION: Notice of Cancellation of...

  15. 76 FR 77250 - Hearing of the Judicial Conference Committee on Civil Rules

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Hearing of the Judicial Conference Committee on Civil Rules AGENCY: Advisory Committee on Civil Rules, Judicial Conference of the United States. ACTION: Notice of cancellation of open...

  16. 77 FR 76072 - Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure; Federal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure; Federal Register; Citation of Previous Announcement: 77FR 49828 AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the...

  17. 75 FR 32816 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Appellate Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Appellate Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Appellate...

  18. 75 FR 11560 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Appellate Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Appellate Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Appellate...

  19. 77 FR 12077 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy...

  20. 77 FR 12077 - Meeting of The Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of The Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure. ACTION: Notice...