Science.gov

Sample records for laane ruth kullus

  1. Ruth Wade Replies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wade, Ruth K.

    1985-01-01

    Ruth Wade replies to an article written by Georgea Sparks in the same issue of "Educational Leadership" (EA 518 309) as a response to Wade's meta-analysis of inservice teacher education also appearing in this issue (EA 518 308). A closer look at the major findings is needed. (DCS)

  2. Face to face. Interview by Ruth Williams.

    PubMed

    Leah, Vicki

    2009-12-01

    Vicki Leah qualified as a nurse in 1985. She has worked in a number of clinical leadership roles in acute care. Last year Vicki took up her post as nurse consultant--older people at Broomfield Hospital, part of Mid Essex Hospital Services NHS Trust, where she leads a multidisciplinary elderly assessment team which aims to improve the experience of older people in the hospital's emergency department and medical assessment unit. She spoke to Ruth Williams

  3. Community and Commitment: An Interview with Ruth Asawa.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dobbs, Stephen; Asawa, Ruth

    1981-01-01

    San Francisco sculptor Ruth Asawa discusses her own artistic development and describes the Alvarado Arts Workshop, a community-based arts education program begun by herself, other parents, and community leaders in the San Francisco schools. (Author/SJL)

  4. Rediscovering Ruth Faison Shaw and Her Finger-Painting Method

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayer, Veronica

    2005-01-01

    Ruth Faison Shaw was an art educator who developed a nontraditional educational perspective of teaching and a different vision about children's art. As such, she is considered by some to be the initiator of finger-painting in America (The History of Art Education Timeline 1930-1939, 2002.) Shaw developed the technique of finger-painting and a…

  5. Restoration of the endangered Ruth's golden aster (Pityopsis ruthii)

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Pityopsis ruthii Small (Small), Ruth’s golden aster, is an endangered herbaceous perennial that is endemic to small sections of the Hiwassee and Ocoee Rivers in the Southeastern United States. Our objective was to test the effect of bonded fiber matrix (BFM) on establishment and fecundity of P. ruth...

  6. Did Babe Ruth Have a Comparative Advantage as a Pitcher?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scahill, Edward M.

    1990-01-01

    Advocates using baseball statistics to illustrate the advantages of specialization in production. Using Babe Ruth's record as an analogy, suggests a methodology for determining a player's comparative advantage as a teaching illustration. Includes the team's statistical profile in five tables to explain comparative advantage and profit maximizing.…

  7. Did Babe Ruth Have a Comparative Advantage as a Pitcher?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scahill, Edward M.

    1990-01-01

    Advocates using baseball statistics to illustrate the advantages of specialization in production. Using Babe Ruth's record as an analogy, suggests a methodology for determining a player's comparative advantage as a teaching illustration. Includes the team's statistical profile in five tables to explain comparative advantage and profit maximizing.…

  8. A comparative study on the growth and characterization of nonlinear optical amino acid crystals: L-alanine (LA) and L-alanine alaninium nitrate (LAAN).

    PubMed

    Aravindan, A; Srinivasan, P; Vijayan, N; Gopalakrishnan, R; Ramasamy, P

    2008-11-15

    A comparative study on the properties of L-alanine and LAAN crystals has been made and discussed. It may be concluded that the protonation of the amino group in the L-alanine molecule is the key factor in increasing the relative SHG efficiency of LAAN. The protonation is justified by the crystal structure analysis, FTIR and photoluminescence studies. The factor group vibrations are compared and found that there is an increase in vibrational modes of LA when reacted with nitric acid forming LAAN.

  9. "Go to Ruth's House": the social activism of Ruth Lubic and the family health and birth center.

    PubMed

    Fairman, Julie

    2010-01-01

    This case of the work of Ruth Watson Lubic, an internationally known nurse midwife and women's and children's health care activist, provides a modern-day example of the intersection of forceful individual personalities, nursing as a type of activism in itself, and grassroots and local actions that produce larger movement-based activist organizations. Her work as a nurse midwife, in partnership with other nurse midwives, physicians, and community members, illustrates how the efforts of individual actors at a grassroots community level can be as significant as larger traditionally situated activist movements on the lives of everyday citizens.

  10. Ruth's resolve: what Jesus' great-grandmother may teach about bioethics and care.

    PubMed

    Hall, Amy Laura

    2005-04-01

    When thinking about the intersection of care and Christian bioethics, it is helpful to follow closely the account of Ruth, who turned away from security and walked alongside her grieving mother-in-law to Bethlehem. Remembering Ruth may help one to heed Professor Kaveny's summoning of Christians to remember "the Order of Widows" and the church's historic calling to bring "the almanah into its center rather than pushing her to its margins." Disabled, elderly and terminally ill people often seem, at least implicitly, expendable. By hearing the scriptural account of Jesus' steadfast great-grandmother, readers may recall another way. One may read Ruth's care for Naomi as a performative, prophetic act of faith. Ruth's faithful resolve, when set next to Orpah's prudent way, challenges the notion that a bioethic of care is innately feminine, and may further call women and men corporately to participate in a kind of care that is strenuous work.

  11. Word emotionality and the structure of the Old Testament book of Ruth.

    PubMed

    Whissell, Cynthia

    2007-12-01

    Words in the World English Bible version of the book of Ruth were studied in terms of their emotional implications using the Dictionary of Affect in Language which matched 2,225 (89%) of the words. The use of extremely Passive/Unpleasant words and that of extremely Pleasant words gave evidence of a V and inverse-V structure, respectively. Ruth was gentle in tone, containing 188% of the normative proportion of Pleasant/Passive words and approximately 50% of the normative proportion of various active and unpleasant categories of words.

  12. 2015 Summer Series - Ruth Globus - Flying Through the Ages: Rodent Research for Human Health

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2015-06-16

    Rodents are a model organism to study the short and long term effects of space travel. Building on its space shuttle experience, NASA Ames has developed the Rodent Research Habitat for the International Space Station to implement space biology investigations. Dr. Ruth Globus' seminar takes us into the world of rodent research in space and explains how it can support human health.

  13. The joint measuring campaign 1979 in Ruthe (West Germany) description and preliminary data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vanderploeg, R. R.; Tassone, G.; Vonhoyningen-Huene, J. (Principal Investigator)

    1979-01-01

    The measurements and observations performed as part of the TELLUS project on soil moisture and heat budget evaluations of selected areas in the vecinity of Ruthe, West Germany are presented and discussed. The main lines of investigation include evapotranspiration and moisture content in bare soils covered by vegetation, interactions between natural phenomena and mesoscale heat budget, and man made changes and their impact on regional heat budget.

  14. Ruth Rose Ashworth-Cleveland: a pioneer's journey as seen through personal letters.

    PubMed

    Nash, J

    1999-06-01

    Ruth Rose Ashworth-Cleveland accomplished a great deal during her eighty years of life. It is generally known that she was one of the founders of Cleveland Chiropractic College. However, she was also an accomplished public speaker and active in several chiropractic organizations for much of her adult life. Not much is known of her life after she left Cleveland Chiropractic College in the early 1940s. It is the author's hope in writing this to give the reader a greater awareness of her accomplishments, and of her as a person.

  15. Look Homeward Angel Now, and Melt with Ruth: The Role of a Subject-Specific Teaching Assistant in Promoting Rigorous Historical Scholarship and Reflective Classroom Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Geraint; Brown, Ruth; Goullée, Corinne; Stanford, Matt

    2016-01-01

    The history department at Cottenham Village College has one more member than you might expect. Ruth Brown is a teaching assistant (TA) and one of the longest-standing members of the department, and this article is about how her work has an impact on specific pupils, whole classes and teachers. The key factor is that Ruth has excellent subject…

  16. Look Homeward Angel Now, and Melt with Ruth: The Role of a Subject-Specific Teaching Assistant in Promoting Rigorous Historical Scholarship and Reflective Classroom Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Geraint; Brown, Ruth; Goullée, Corinne; Stanford, Matt

    2016-01-01

    The history department at Cottenham Village College has one more member than you might expect. Ruth Brown is a teaching assistant (TA) and one of the longest-standing members of the department, and this article is about how her work has an impact on specific pupils, whole classes and teachers. The key factor is that Ruth has excellent subject…

  17. Review of samples of tailings, soils and stream sediment adjacent to and downstream from the Ruth Mine, Inyo County, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Rytuba, James J.; Kim, Christopher S.; Goldstein, Daniel N.

    2011-01-01

    The Ruth Mine and mill are located in the western Mojave Desert in Inyo County, California (fig. 1). The mill processed gold-silver (Au-Ag) ores mined from the Ruth Au-Ag deposit, which is adjacent to the mill site. The Ruth Au-Ag deposit is hosted in Mesozoic intrusive rocks and is similar to other Au-Ag deposits in the western Mojave Desert that are associated with Miocene volcanic centers that formed on a basement of Mesozoic granitic rocks (Bateman, 1907; Gardner, 1954; Rytuba, 1996). The volcanic rocks consist of silicic domes and associated flows, pyroclastic rocks, and subvolcanic intrusions (fig. 2) that were emplaced into Mesozoic silicic intrusive rocks (Troxel and Morton, 1962). The Ruth Mine is on Federal land managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM). Tailings from the mine have been eroded and transported downstream into Homewood Canyon and then into Searles Valley (figs. 3, 4, 5, and 6). The BLM provided recreational facilities at the mine site for day-use hikers and restored and maintained the original mine buildings in collaboration with local citizen groups for use by visitors (fig. 7). The BLM requested that the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in collaboration with Chapman University, measure arsenic (As) and other geochemical constituents in soils and tailings at the mine site and in stream sediments downstream from the mine in Homewood Canyon and in Searles Valley (fig. 3). The request was made because initial sampling of the site by BLM staff indicated high concentrations of As in tailings and soils adjacent to the Ruth Mine. This report summarizes data obtained from field sampling of mine tailings and soils adjacent to the Ruth Mine and stream sediments downstream from the mine on June 7, 2009. Our results permit a preliminary assessment of the sources of As and associated chemical constituents that could potentially impact humans and biota.

  18. 75 FR 20979 - Six Rivers National Forest, Mad River Ranger District, Ruth, CA, Beaverslide Timber Sale and Fuel...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-22

    .... Hauling of commercial timber products on County Road 504 and Forest Service System roads within the... Forest Service Six Rivers National Forest, Mad River Ranger District, Ruth, CA, Beaverslide Timber Sale... supplemental environmental impact statement. SUMMARY: The Forest Service is proposing the Beaverslide Timber...

  19. Ruth Flockart and Dr Wood: A Crucial Relationship in the Development of Melbourne Methodist Ladies' College Music Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, Louise

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the notion that particular working relationships within school music programs can have a significant affect on the program's development and progress. To explore this notion the research focussed on the working relationship of a music teacher at Melbourne Methodist Ladies' College (MLC), Ruth Flockart (1891-1985) and the…

  20. CO(2), CO, and Hg emissions from the Truman Shepherd and Ruth Mullins coal fires, eastern Kentucky, USA.

    PubMed

    O'Keefe, Jennifer M K; Henke, Kevin R; Hower, James C; Engle, Mark A; Stracher, Glenn B; Stucker, J D; Drew, Jordan W; Staggs, Wayne D; Murray, Tiffany M; Hammond, Maxwell L; Adkins, Kenneth D; Mullins, Bailey J; Lemley, Edward W

    2010-03-01

    Carbon dioxide (CO(2)), carbon monoxide (CO), and mercury (Hg) emissions were quantified for two eastern Kentucky coal-seam fires, the Truman Shepherd fire in Floyd County and the Ruth Mullins fire in Perry County. This study is one of the first to estimate gas emissions from coal fires using field measurements at gas vents. The Truman Shepherd fire emissions are nearly 1400t CO(2)/yr and 16kg Hg/yr resulting from a coal combustion rate of 450-550t/yr. The sum of CO(2) emissions from seven vents at the Ruth Mullins fire is 726+/-72t/yr, suggesting that the fire is consuming about 250-280t coal/yr. Total Ruth Mullins fire CO and Hg emissions are estimated at 21+/-1.8t/yr and >840+/-170g/yr, respectively. The CO(2) emissions are environmentally significant, but low compared to coal-fired power plants; for example, 3.9x10(6)t CO(2)/yr for a 514-MW boiler in Kentucky. Using simple calculations, CO(2) and Hg emissions from coal-fires in the U.S. are estimated at 1.4x10(7)-2.9x10(8)t/yr and 0.58-11.5t/yr, respectively. This initial work indicates that coal fires may be an important source of CO(2), CO, Hg and other atmospheric constituents.

  1. Negotiating international bioethics: a response to Tom Beauchamp and Ruth Macklin.

    PubMed

    Baker, Robert

    1998-12-01

    Can the bioethical theories that have served American bioethics so well, serve international bioethics as well? In two papers in the previous issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, I contend that the form of principlist fundamentalism endorsed by American bioethicists like Tom Beauchamp and Ruth Macklin will not play on an international stage. Deploying techniques of postmodern scholarship, I argue that principlist fundamentalism justifies neither the condemnation of the Nazi doctors at Nuremberg, nor, as the Report of the Advisory Committee on the Human Radiation Experiments (ACHRE) demonstrates, condemnation of Cold War radiation researchers. Principlist fundamentalism thus appears to be philosophy bankrupt. In this issue of the Journal, Beauchamp and Macklin reject this claim, arguing that I have misread the ACHRE report and misunderstood Nazism. They also argue that the form of post-postmodern negotiated human rights theory that I proffer is adequate only insofar as it is itself really fundamentalist; insofar as I take postmodernism seriously, however, I mire international bioethics in relativism. In this response, I reaffirm my anti-fundamentalism, provide further evidence in support of my reading of the ACHRE report, and defend my post-postmodern version of rights theory. I also develop criteria for a minimally adequate theoretical framework for international bioethics.

  2. The Plight of the "Able Student": Ruth Wright Hayre and the Struggle for Equality in Philadelphia's Black High Schools, 1955-1965

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delmont, Matthew

    2010-01-01

    This article features Ruth Wright Hayre, Philadelphia's first black high school teacher and principal whose work at William Penn High School for Girls became a model for counseling and motivation programs at other majority-black high schools in Philadelphia, expanding educational and career opportunities for thousands of "able" students.…

  3. The Chicago Board of Education Desegregation Policies and Practices [1975-1985]: A Historical Examination of the Administrations of Superintendents Dr. Joseph P. Hannon and Dr. Ruth Love

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James, Michael

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study will be to examine the policies and practices of two distinguished superintendents of the Chicago Public Schools: Dr. Joseph P. Hannon and the first African American female Superintendent Dr. Ruth Love. Hannon's four year administration extended from 1975 through 1979. Love's administration encompassed the years 1980…

  4. The Plight of the "Able Student": Ruth Wright Hayre and the Struggle for Equality in Philadelphia's Black High Schools, 1955-1965

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delmont, Matthew

    2010-01-01

    This article features Ruth Wright Hayre, Philadelphia's first black high school teacher and principal whose work at William Penn High School for Girls became a model for counseling and motivation programs at other majority-black high schools in Philadelphia, expanding educational and career opportunities for thousands of "able" students.…

  5. The Chicago Board of Education Desegregation Policies and Practices [1975-1985]: A Historical Examination of the Administrations of Superintendents Dr. Joseph P. Hannon and Dr. Ruth Love

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James, Michael

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study will be to examine the policies and practices of two distinguished superintendents of the Chicago Public Schools: Dr. Joseph P. Hannon and the first African American female Superintendent Dr. Ruth Love. Hannon's four year administration extended from 1975 through 1979. Love's administration encompassed the years 1980…

  6. Thirteen new Costa Rican species belonging to the genus Triraphis Ruthe (Braconidae: Rogadinae) with their host records.

    PubMed

    Valerio, Alejandro A; Shaw, Scott R

    2015-01-08

    Thirteen new species belonging to the genus Triraphis Ruthe are described and illustrated: Triraphis baios sp. nov., T. balteus sp. nov., T. chinusi sp. nov., T. cortazari sp. nov., T. defectus sp. nov., T. guarusa sp. nov., T. huidobroi sp. nov., T. ikelosops sp. nov., T. melasops sp. nov., T. paraholos sp. nov., T. proxilus sp. nov., T. simphlex sp. nov. and T. willei sp. nov. The lepidopteran hosts were feeding on 17 genera of plants within 16 families. Two families of Lepidoptera are reported as new hosts for Triraphis: Acraga sp. (Dalceridae) parasitized by T. paraholos sp. nov. and Norape sp. (Megalopygidae) by T. guarusa sp. nov. Moreover, four Triraphis species are treated as new combinations under the genus Triraphis sensu van Achterberg: Triraphis areatus (Cresson) comb. n., T. fasciipennis (Cresson) comb. n., T. fusciceps (Cresson) comb. n. and T. ornatus (Cresson) comb. n.. 

  7. Phenolic compounds in berries and flowers of a natural hybrid between bilberry and lingonberry (Vaccinium × intermedium Ruthe).

    PubMed

    Lätti, Anja K; Riihinen, Kaisu R; Jaakola, Laura

    2011-06-01

    Hybridization between species plays an important role in the evolution of secondary metabolites and in the formation of combinations of existing secondary metabolites in plants. We have investigated the content of phenolic compounds in berries and flowers of Vaccinium×intermedium Ruthe, which is a rare natural hybrid between bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) and lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.). The berries and flowers of the hybrid showed characteristics inherited from both parent species in the distribution and contents of phenolic compounds. Bilberry is known as one of the richest sources of anthocyanins and to have a profile of 15 major forms combining cyanidin, delphinidin, petunidin, peonidin and malvidin with galactose, glucose and arabinose. Lingonberry contains only cyanidin glycosides. Hybrid berries contained all bilberry anthocyanins with pronounced cyanidin content. With regard to proanthocyanidins and flavonol glycosides, the hybrid inherited diverse profiles combining those of both parental species. The distribution of hydroxycinnamic acids was quite uniform in all studied berries. Of the identified compounds, 30 were detected in lingonberry, 46 in bilberry, 53 in hybrid berries and 38 in hybrid flowers. Hence, compared with the parent species, hybrid berries possess a more diverse profile of phenolic compounds and, therefore, can offer interesting material for breeding purposes.

  8. Effects of Bedrock Lithology and Subglacial Till on the Motion of Ruth Glacier, Alaska, Deduced from Five Pulses from 1973-2012

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Turrin, J.; Forster, R.; Sauber, Jeanne; Hall, Dorothy K.; Bruhn, R.

    2013-01-01

    A pulse is a type of unstable glacier flow intermediate between normal flow and surging. Using Landsat MSS, TM, and ETM+ imagery and feature tracking software, a time-series of mostly annual velocity maps from 1973 to 2012 was produced that reveals five pulses of Ruth Glacier, Alaska. Peaks in ice velocity were found in the 1981, 1989, 1997, 2003, and 2010; approximately every 7 years. During these peak years the ice velocity increased 300%, from approximately 40 m/yr to 160 m/yr, and occurred in an area of the glacier underlain by sedimentary bedrock. Based on the spatio-temporal behavior of Ruth Glacier during the pulse cycles, we suggest the pulses are due to enhanced basal motion via deformation of a subglacial till. The cyclical nature of the pulses is theorized to be due to a thin till, with low permeability, that causes incomplete drainage of the till between the pulses, followed by eventual recharge and dilation of the till. These findings suggest care is needed when attempting to correlate changes in regional climate with decadal-scale changes in velocity, because in some instances basal conditions may have a greater influence on ice dynamics than climate.

  9. "When Does It Stop Being Peanut Butter?": FDA Food Standards of Identity, Ruth Desmond, and the Shifting Politics of Consumer Activism, 1960s-1970s.

    PubMed

    Boyce, Angie M

    2016-01-01

    This article uses a historical controversy over the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's standard of identity for peanut butter as a site for investigating three topics of high importance for historians of technology, consumption, and food activism: how new industrial food-processing technologies have become regulatory problems; how government, industry, and consumer actors negotiate standards development; and how laypeople try to shape technological artifacts in spaces dominated by experts. It examines the trajectory of consumer activist Ruth Desmond, co-founder of the organization the Federation of Homemakers. By following Desmond's evolving strategies, the article shows how the broader currents of the 1960s-70s consumer movement played out in a particular case. Initially Desmond used a traditional style that heavily emphasized her gendered identity, working within a grassroots organization to promote legislative and regulatory reforms. Later, she moved to a more modern advocacy approach, using adversarial legal methods to fight for consumer protections.

  10. Identification of phenolic compounds from lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.), bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) and hybrid bilberry (Vaccinium x intermedium Ruthe L.) leaves.

    PubMed

    Hokkanen, Juho; Mattila, Sampo; Jaakola, Laura; Pirttilä, Anna Maria; Tolonen, Ari

    2009-10-28

    Phenolic compounds from leaves of lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.), bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.), and the natural hybrid of bilberry and lingonberry (Vaccinium x intermedium Ruthe L., hybrid bilberry) were identified using LC/TOF-MS and LC/MS/MS after extraction from the plant material in methanol in an ultrasonicator. The phenolic profiles in the plants were compared using the LC/TOF-MS responses. This is the first thorough report of phenolic compounds in hybrid bilberry. In total, 51 different phenolic compounds were identified, including flavan-3-ols, proanthocyanidins, flavonols and their glycosides, and various phenolic acid conjugates. Of the identified compounds, 35 were detected in bilberry, 36 in lingonberry, and 46 in the hybrid. To our knowledge, seven compounds were previously unreported in Vaccinium genus and many of the compounds are reported for the first time from bilberry and lingonberry.

  11. Is diabetes mellitus a heart disease equivalent in women? Results from an international study of postmenopausal women in the Raloxifene Use for the Heart (RUTH) Trial.

    PubMed

    Daniels, Lori B; Grady, Deborah; Mosca, Lori; Collins, Peter; Mitlak, Bruce H; Amewou-Atisso, Messan G; Wenger, Nanette K; Barrett-Connor, Elizabeth

    2013-03-01

    Several studies have concluded that diabetes mellitus and heart disease carry similar risk for future cardiovascular disease (CVD). Most of these studies were too small to quantify independent risks specific to women. The purpose of this study was to determine whether diabetes mellitus is a coronary heart disease (CHD) risk equivalent for prediction of future CHD and CVD events in women. The Raloxifene Use for the Heart (RUTH) trial was an international, multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of raloxifene and CVD outcomes in 10 101 postmenopausal women selected for high CHD risk. Of these, 3672 had a history of diabetes mellitus without known CHD, and 3265 had a history of CHD without known diabetes mellitus. Cox proportional hazard models were used to compare cardiovascular outcomes in these 2 groups. Mean age at baseline was 67.5 years; median follow-up was 5.6 years. There were 725 deaths, including 450 cardiovascular deaths. In age-adjusted analyses, diabetic women had an increased risk of all-cause mortality compared with women with CHD. Although the overall risk of CHD and CVD was lower in diabetic women compared with women with CHD, the risk of fatal CHD, fatal CVD, and all-cause mortality was similar (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval]: 0.85 [0.65-1.12], 0.99 [0.78-1.25], and 1.18 [0.98-1.42], respectively, after adjusting for age, lifestyle factors, CHD risk factors, statin use, and treatment assignment). In the RUTH trial, diabetes mellitus was a CHD risk equivalent in women for fatal, but not nonfatal, CHD and CVD.

  12. Ruth Moore Act of 2013

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Sen. Tester, Jon [D-MT

    2013-02-13

    Senate - 06/12/2013 Committee on Veterans' Affairs. Hearings held. Hearings printed: S.Hrg. 113-111. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  13. Ruth Moore Act of 2013

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. Pingree, Chellie [D-ME-1

    2013-02-13

    Senate - 06/06/2013 Received in the Senate and Read twice and referred to the Committee on Veterans' Affairs. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Passed HouseHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  14. Ruth Moore Act of 2013

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. Pingree, Chellie [D-ME-1

    2013-02-13

    06/06/2013 Received in the Senate and Read twice and referred to the Committee on Veterans' Affairs. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Passed HouseHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  15. Ruth Moore Act of 2013

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. Pingree, Chellie [D-ME-1

    2013-02-13

    06/06/2013 Received in the Senate and Read twice and referred to the Committee on Veterans' Affairs. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Passed HouseHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  16. Properties of Cordonnier, Perrin and Van der Laan Numbers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shannon, A. G.; Anderson, P. G.; Horadam, A. F.

    2006-01-01

    This paper aims to explore some properties of certain third-order linear sequences which have some properties analogous to the better known second-order sequences of Fibonacci and Lucas. Historical background issues are outlined. These, together with the number and combinatorial theoretical results, provide plenty of pedagogical opportunities for…

  17. Properties of Cordonnier, Perrin and Van der Laan Numbers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shannon, A. G.; Anderson, P. G.; Horadam, A. F.

    2006-01-01

    This paper aims to explore some properties of certain third-order linear sequences which have some properties analogous to the better known second-order sequences of Fibonacci and Lucas. Historical background issues are outlined. These, together with the number and combinatorial theoretical results, provide plenty of pedagogical opportunities for…

  18. LaaN: Convergence of Knowledge Management and Technology-Enhanced Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chatti, M. A.; Schroeder, U.; Jarke, M.

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge Management (KM) and Technology-Enhanced Learning (TEL) have attracted attention over the past two decades and are meanwhile considered as important means to increase individual and organizational performance. There is, however, a wide agreement that traditional KM and TEL models have failed to cope with the fast-paced change and critical…

  19. LaaN: Convergence of Knowledge Management and Technology-Enhanced Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chatti, M. A.; Schroeder, U.; Jarke, M.

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge Management (KM) and Technology-Enhanced Learning (TEL) have attracted attention over the past two decades and are meanwhile considered as important means to increase individual and organizational performance. There is, however, a wide agreement that traditional KM and TEL models have failed to cope with the fast-paced change and critical…

  20. Jenny Harris: 'we have been guilty of neglecting dental neglect', an interview by Ruth Doherty.

    PubMed

    Harris, Jenny

    2012-08-01

    Whilst at this year's British Dental Conference and Exhibition in Manchester, paediatric dentistry consultant, Jenny Harris spoke to the BDJ about neglecting dental neglect, managing paediatric patients and the GDP's role in child protection.

  1. First report of Alternaria alternata causing leaf spot on Ruth's golden aster (Pityopsis ruthii) in Tennessee

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Ruth’s golden aster, Pityopsis ruthii (Small), is an endangered, herbaceous perennial plant that is only endemic to small sections of the Hiwassee and Ocoee Rivers, in Polk County, Tennessee. In July 2015, a greenhouse grown plant exhibited symptoms of disease that included elongated brown lesions o...

  2. Remarks of Ruth Bates Harris, Deputy Assistant Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space Administration at summer institute closing activity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    Applications of experience and knowledge gained from aeronautical and space research and exploration are discussed briefly. Spinoffs are presented which improve the quality of life by contributing to advances in health, transportation, foods, communications, energy, safety, and manufacturing.

  3. 75 FR 51292 - Before Commissioners: Ruth Y. Goldway, Chairman; Tony L. Hammond, Vice Chairman; Mark Acton; Dan...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-19

    ...; and Nanci E. Langley; Competitive Product Prices; Global Expedited Package Services 3 (MC2010-28); Negotiated Service Agreement; Notice and Order Concerning Filing of Four Additional Global Expedited Package..., Order Granting Clarification and Adding Global Expedited Package Services 2 to the Competitive Product...

  4. One-Third of a Campus: Ruth Crawford Mitchell and Second-Generation Americans at the University of Pittsburgh

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wechsler, Harold S.

    2008-01-01

    Were colleges obliged to address the dilemmas faced by the many first- and second-generation Americans who enrolled after World War I? No, replied many administrators who espoused exclusion or assimilation, or who expressed indifference. These attitudes meant that many students would never learn to navigate the turbulent waters of campus social…

  5. Muted Rhetors and the Mundane: The Case of Ruth Mary Weeks, Rewey Belle Inglis, and W. Wilbur Hatfield

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bordelon, Suzanne

    2012-01-01

    This essay reveals the importance of investigating mundane internal documents, particularly when considering muted rhetors, who may use such texts strategically in an attempt to subvert the status quo. It does so by examining the first and second women presidents of NCTE and their efforts to professionalize the organization and to strengthen the…

  6. Muted Rhetors and the Mundane: The Case of Ruth Mary Weeks, Rewey Belle Inglis, and W. Wilbur Hatfield

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bordelon, Suzanne

    2012-01-01

    This essay reveals the importance of investigating mundane internal documents, particularly when considering muted rhetors, who may use such texts strategically in an attempt to subvert the status quo. It does so by examining the first and second women presidents of NCTE and their efforts to professionalize the organization and to strengthen the…

  7. One-Third of a Campus: Ruth Crawford Mitchell and Second-Generation Americans at the University of Pittsburgh

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wechsler, Harold S.

    2008-01-01

    Were colleges obliged to address the dilemmas faced by the many first- and second-generation Americans who enrolled after World War I? No, replied many administrators who espoused exclusion or assimilation, or who expressed indifference. These attitudes meant that many students would never learn to navigate the turbulent waters of campus social…

  8. Children’s Folk Songs of America: The Folk Music Legacies of John Langstaff and Ruth Crawford Seeger

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watts, Sarah H.; Bartolome, Sarah J.

    2013-01-01

    Teachers of general music are tasked with the challenge of locating high-quality repertoire for classroom use and to incorporate that repertoire into meaningful music learning encounters for children and youth. This task may become all the more difficult when seeking out repertoire of substance from traditional sources, finding songs of folk…

  9. Rational Management: Medical Authority and Ideological Conflict in Ruth Lawrence's "Breastfeeding: A Guide for the Medical Profession."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hausman, Bernice L.

    2000-01-01

    Presents a close reading of one chapter of the only guidebook for physicians about breast feeding. Notes that the medical discussion of the psychological aspects of breast feeding articulates conflicting ideological views of women and their place in society. Suggests medicine reflects and contributes to a cultural context ambivalent about women's…

  10. A Summer Program in Mathematics and Computer Science for Academically Oriented Students Held in Washington, District of Columbia on 25 June-27 July 1990

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-07-27

    Babe Ruth , New York 59 1957 Roy Sievers, Washington 42 1922 Ken Williams, St. Louis 39 1958 Mickey Mantle, New York 42 1923 Babe Ruth , New York 41 1959...1926 Babe Ruth , New York 47 1961 Roger Marls, New York 61 1927 Babe Ruth , New York 60 1962 Harmon Killebrew, Minnesota 48 1928 Babe Ruth , New York 54...1963 Harmon Killebrew, Minnesota 45 1929 Babe Ruth , New York 46 1964 Harmon Killebrew, Minnesota 49 1930 Babe Ruth , New York 49

  11. Creating a Successful Student-Athlete: Discipline, Focus and Hard Work Are Just a Few Attributes, Says Advising Expert Dr. Ruth Darling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Kendra

    2004-01-01

    Critics' of big-time college sports have been working for decades to control the rampant rise in commercialization on campus--and to hold the line on academic integrity. But the balancing act is a difficult one--as 2003, a year that saw academic scandals at St. Bonaventure University, University of Georgia, and Fresno State University, to name…

  12. Volatiles from intact and Lygus-damaged Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers. are highly attractive to ovipositing Lygus and its parasitoid Peristenus relictus Ruthe.

    PubMed

    Halloran, Sean T; Mauck, Kerry E; Fleischer, Shelby J; Fleisher, Shelby F; Tumlinson, James H

    2013-08-01

    Trap cropping and biological control can provide a sustainable means of controlling insect pests. Insects in the genus Lygus (Hemiptera: Miridae) are major pests on cotton and horticultural crops throughout the United States, and pesticide resistance within Lygus populations necessitates more sustainable long-term management techniques. Here, we explore behavioral responses of Lygus bugs (L. rubrosignatus Knight) and an introduced parasitoid, Peristenus relictus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), to a common field edge plant, Erigeron annuus, which has the potential to serve as a trap host. Erigeron annuus is attractive to Lygus in the field, with Lygus preferentially moving to Erigeron patches compared to more abundant cotton plants. To determine the role of odor cues in mediating this attraction, we collected volatiles from E. annuus with and without Lygus damage, and then tested the attractiveness of these volatiles vs. those of cotton to Lygus females and female P. relictus wasps using Y-tube and wind tunnel bioassays. We found that undamaged E. annuus emits high concentrations of a complex volatile blend (60+ compounds), with novel compounds induced and constitutive compounds up-regulated in response to damage. Additionally, both female Lygus bugs and female P. relictus wasps are highly attracted to E. annuus volatiles over those of cotton in almost every combination of damage treatments. Our results suggest that Erigeron annuus would be an effective trap plant to control Lygus in cotton, since it is highly attractive to both the pest and its natural enemy.

  13. From SEST to ALMA, from NTT to OWL: of vision, dreams and realities. Perspectives from the Directors General, past and present: Harry van der Laan, ESO Director General, 1988 - 1992

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van der Laan, Harry

    2002-09-01

    ESO has come a long way since in 1987 the first rocks were blasted at the NTT site on La Silla. Those were exciting days, when SEST came online and soon after the VLT programme was getting up to speed upon its approval in December 1987. It was not an easy time for staff or management: taking up the role of main contractor for its own design and construction programme rather than finding an industrial consultant to do so was an enormous challenge. It was not obvious that it could be done, for more than ninety per cent of ESO's staff capacity was occupied with running La Silla, operating Headquarter services and constructing the NTT. The VLT Blue Book and the bag of money Council had allocated to its realization were necessary but by no means sufficient. For the new, formidable task, manpower had to be found and trained, manpower both reassigned and newly recruited.

  14. Ten on Top from Down Under.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nist, Joan

    1988-01-01

    Discusses some works by the following Australian writers of young adult literature: Ivan Southall, Patricia Wrightson, Bill Scott, Ruth Manley, Allan Baillie, Colin Theile, Ruth Park, Lee Harding, Robin Klein, and Eleanor Spence. (MM)

  15. Ten on Top from Down Under.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nist, Joan

    1988-01-01

    Discusses some works by the following Australian writers of young adult literature: Ivan Southall, Patricia Wrightson, Bill Scott, Ruth Manley, Allan Baillie, Colin Theile, Ruth Park, Lee Harding, Robin Klein, and Eleanor Spence. (MM)

  16. Stages and Discharges of the Mississippi River and Tributaries and Other Watersheds in the New Orleans District for 1991

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    RUTH CANAL AT RUTH . LA. (EAST) LOCATION. LAT. 30-14-33 LONG. 91-53-02. ABOUT 100 FEET UPSTREAM FROM CONTROL STRUCTURE, 0.4 NILE MELOW JUNCTION WITH...FROM INCOPLETE RECORD) 3.75 FEET (CAUSED BY NURRICANE BABE ) ON SEP. 6, 1977. LO•EST, (FROMN I&CPLETE RECORD) NINUS 0.59 FOOT ON DEC. 25, 1963. DAILY...131 LACASSINE REFUGE (LA.) RUTH CANAL AT RUTH , LA. ...... ........... .. 151 MERMENTAU RIVER AT ....... .............. .. 172 GIBSON LA. LAFAYETTE LA

  17. Teachable Moments: When Protests Erupted Following the Publication of an Anti-Reparations Ad in a Campus Newspaper, Brown University President Ruth Simmons Decided Her Community Could Benefit from Taking a Closer Look at the University's Historical Ties to Slavery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Kendra

    2005-01-01

    It all started as a rather ran-of-the-mill campus controversy over race and slavery: an anti-reparations ad ran in The Brown Daily Herald; students cried foul, formed human chains and demanded "reparations" in the form of free advertising for the opposing side; still others responded with shouts of "political correctness." But then something…

  18. Safeguarding Adults in Nursing Practice Northway Ruth Jenkins Robert Safeguarding Adults in Nursing Practice 240pp £21.99 Learning Matters/Sage 9781473954847 1473954843 [Formula: see text].

    PubMed

    2017-08-31

    It is refreshing to find a book that relates nursing practice to adult safeguarding in the way this does. Mainly written for nursing students, it incorporates NMC Standards for pre-registration nursing education and essential skills clusters, which are threaded throughout the book.

  19. Teachable Moments: When Protests Erupted Following the Publication of an Anti-Reparations Ad in a Campus Newspaper, Brown University President Ruth Simmons Decided Her Community Could Benefit from Taking a Closer Look at the University's Historical Ties to Slavery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Kendra

    2005-01-01

    It all started as a rather ran-of-the-mill campus controversy over race and slavery: an anti-reparations ad ran in The Brown Daily Herald; students cried foul, formed human chains and demanded "reparations" in the form of free advertising for the opposing side; still others responded with shouts of "political correctness." But then something…

  20. The University of Barchester. The Case of Ruth Kerwin. A Role Playing Exercise of a Departmental Staff Meeting Discussing a Problem Student. Organiser's Copy. UTMU: University Teaching Methods Unit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piper, David Warren; Terry, Paul

    A role playing exercise is presented that can be run either with or without video-tape depicting a problem student in a play-acted version. Suggestions are offered for organizing the exercise, which is a meeting of professors, a residence hall worker, the assistant registrar, a tutor, and possibly a college counselor. General instructions for role…

  1. Air Force Human Resources Laboratory Mission and Capabilities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-05-01

    AFHRL-TP-88-62 AIR FORCE 4% AIR FORCE HUMAN RESOURCES LABORATORY MISSION AND CAPABILITIES _ __ H (0 U Edited by (0 Ruth M. Buescher 0 - Michelle...RESOURCES LABORATORY MISSION AND CAPABILITIES Edited by Ruth M. Buescher Michelle Olvera Leasley Besetsny INFORMATION SCIENCES DIVISION Brooks Air...the AFHRL divis;ions and command and staff. EDITOR: Dr. Ruth M. Buescher (AFHRL/TSRE) ILLUSTRATORS: School of Aerospace Medicine, Medical Illustrations

  2. 77 FR 67020 - Performance Review Board Appointments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-08

    ..., Michael Black, Michael Black, Steven Blanchard, Mary Josie Bolton, Hannibal Burden, John Burzyk, Carla..., David Velasco, Janine Ward, Joseph Weber, Wendi Welch, Ruth Wells, Sandra Wenk, Daniel Wessels,...

  3. Characterization of Lubricants in Terms of Transition Diagram Data.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-03-31

    London, Snaland COPERACT NUNIW DJA 64LS8-C-0015 TOO Netals Issearch institute, Apeldoorn , The Netherlands 400wve4 for ftblic Relessel distribution...and ZIP Cod#) 7b ADDRESS ;City State. and ZIP Cod.) P.O. Box 541, 7300 AM Apeldoorn , Box 65 Laan van Westenenk 501, 7334 DT Apeldoorn , FPO NY 09510-1500

  4. Study of a Structural Plasma Influence on Characteristics of Viscous Friction and Separated Near-Surface Zone Position Under High-Speed Airflow

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-11-01

    Reference to Section 1.3.2. 1. K. Kudu “About initial stages of discharge from tip in air.” (in rus.) Tartu (Estonia): Tartu State University, 1960...H. Korge, M. Laan, P. Paris, On the formation of negative coronas, J. Phys.D: Appl. Phys. 26 (1993) 231-236. 11. M. Aints, A. Haljaste, K. Kudu and

  5. Growth, structural, vibrational, optical, laser and dielectric aspects of L-alanine alaninium nitrate single crystal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caroline, M. Lydia; Prakash, M.; Geetha, D.; Vasudevan, S.

    2011-09-01

    Bulk single crystals of L-alanine alaninium nitrate [abbreviated as LAAN], an intriguing material for frequency conversion has been grown from its aqueous solution by both slow solvent evaporation and by slow cooling techniques. The optimized pH value to grow good quality LAAN single crystal was found to be 2.5. The grown crystals were subjected to single crystal X-ray diffraction studies to determine the unit cell dimensions and morphology. Vibrational frequencies of the grown crystals by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic technique were investigated. Also, the presence of hydrogen and carbon atoms in the grown sample was confirmed using proton and carbon NMR analyses. The dielectric constant and dielectric loss measurements of the as grown crystal at different temperatures and frequencies of the applied field are measured and reported. LAAN has good optical transmission in the entire visible region with cutoff wavelength within the UV region confirms its suitability for device fabrications. The existence of second harmonic generation signals was observed using Nd:YAG laser with fundamental wavelength of 1064 nm. Its Laser Damage Threshold (LDT) was measured and also tested by using a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser and the value of LDT of LAAN is 17.76 GW/cm 2 respectively, is found to be better than certain organic and semiorganic materials.

  6. Growth, structural, vibrational, optical, laser and dielectric aspects of L-alanine alaninium nitrate single crystal.

    PubMed

    Caroline, M Lydia; Prakash, M; Geetha, D; Vasudevan, S

    2011-09-01

    Bulk single crystals of l-alanine alaninium nitrate [abbreviated as LAAN], an intriguing material for frequency conversion has been grown from its aqueous solution by both slow solvent evaporation and by slow cooling techniques. The optimized pH value to grow good quality LAAN single crystal was found to be 2.5. The grown crystals were subjected to single crystal X-ray diffraction studies to determine the unit cell dimensions and morphology. Vibrational frequencies of the grown crystals by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic technique were investigated. Also, the presence of hydrogen and carbon atoms in the grown sample was confirmed using proton and carbon NMR analyses. The dielectric constant and dielectric loss measurements of the as grown crystal at different temperatures and frequencies of the applied field are measured and reported. LAAN has good optical transmission in the entire visible region with cutoff wavelength within the UV region confirms its suitability for device fabrications. The existence of second harmonic generation signals was observed using Nd:YAG laser with fundamental wavelength of 1064 nm. Its Laser Damage Threshold (LDT) was measured and also tested by using a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser and the value of LDT of LAAN is 17.76GW/cm2 respectively, is found to be better than certain organic and semiorganic materials.

  7. Family and Consumer Sciences Education. Subject Matters Volume 2, No. 2, Nov/Dec 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Techniques: Connecting Education and Careers, 2000

    2000-01-01

    Includes "Addressing the Critical Shortage of FACS [Family and Consumer Sciences] Educators"; "Leaving Home Economics in the Past" (Ruth E. Thaler-Carter); "Cutting-Edge Training and Career Relevance" (Ruth E. Thaler-Carter); and "Meeting the Demands of a Growth Industry" (Laird Livingston). (JOW)

  8. Family and Consumer Sciences Education. Subject Matters Volume 2, No. 2, Nov/Dec 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Techniques: Connecting Education and Careers, 2000

    2000-01-01

    Includes "Addressing the Critical Shortage of FACS [Family and Consumer Sciences] Educators"; "Leaving Home Economics in the Past" (Ruth E. Thaler-Carter); "Cutting-Edge Training and Career Relevance" (Ruth E. Thaler-Carter); and "Meeting the Demands of a Growth Industry" (Laird Livingston). (JOW)

  9. The Department of Defense Statement on Critical Technologies for Export Control by Dr. Ruth M. Davis Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Advanced Technology Before the Subcommittee on International Economic Policy and Trade Committee on Foreign Affairs of the United States House of Representatives 96th Congress, First Session,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-03-22

    I . fLu presumflpt ion of a set Of ii 1tr Cit i-1t1~ m0 sim I 11"’ in nmmhorv I and re Ia t i veIy% s tabl e overI t imt . 11 i S i ILi aor> no t )’ ~o...and conversion. End Products: o Undersea vehicles Submar ines Bottom crawlers Torpedoes Craft to a1id swimmers o Research and Exploration Seismic

  10. Ira C. Ritter and The Kroger Co., v. Jerry and Ruth Stanton. "Trial by Jury." Lesson Plans for Secondary Teachers on the Constitutional Protections of Trial by Jury. Courts in the Classroom: Curriculum Concepts and Other Information on Indiana's Courts for the K-12 Educator.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osborn, Elizabeth

    In the case of Ritter v. Stanton, the attorneys for Ira Ritter and Kroger alleged that the amount of damages awarded by the jury were excessive and asked the Indiana Supreme Court to review the matter. This set of three lesson plans for secondary educators uses the Ritter v. Stanton case to examine the concept of the U.S. constitutional right to…

  11. Stages and Discharges of the Mississippi River and Tributaries and other Watersheds in the New Orleans District for 1990

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-01-01

    YEAR WAS 14.19. HIGHEST STAGE WAS 21.02 AT 4:00 P.M. ON JAN 25. LOWEST STAGE WAS 9.49 ON NOV 26 AND LATER DATE(S). 150 DAILY STAGE FOR 1990 RUTH CANAL AT... RUTH , LA. (EAST) LOCATION. LAT. 30-14-33 LONG. 91-53-02. ABOUT 100 FEET UPSTREAM FROM CONTROL STRUCTURE, 0.4 MILE BELOW JUNCTION WITH BAYOU TECHE...STAGE WAS NOT DETERM;NED. 151 DAILY GATE-OPENINGS FOR 1990 RUTH CANAL CONTROL STRUCTURE PHYSICAL DATA. CONTROL STRUCTURE CONSISTS OF THREE GATES, EACH

  12. Natural Negotiation for Believable Agents.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-06-01

    card. Melvin is wearing his eye glasses. You are holding a Babe Ruth trading card, a Ted Williams trading card and a Henry Aaron trading card...to you: ’’The Klingon Empörer »ants to know if you would be willing to part with Babe Ruth for Reggie Jackson?". [Melvin wants to become the...8217’Are there any cards we (the Klingon high command and I) can offer you in return for Babe Ruth ?’’. PLAYER> Say to Melvin: Do you have anything

  13. 1962 Annual Typhoon Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-01-01

    RUTH SARAH THELMA VERA WANDA AMY CARLA DINAH EMMA FREDA GILDA IVY JEAN KAREN LUCY TYPHOON APR MAY MAY JUL JUL JUL JUL JUL AUG AUG AUG AUG AUG...700MB 850MB SLP TYPHOON MONTH DVLPMENT TEMP (C) HGT HGT (MB) GEORGIA HOPE IRIS JOAN KATE LOUISE NORA OPEL PATSY RUTH SARAH THELMA VERA WANDA CARLA... RUTH SARAH THELMA VERA WANDA AMY CARLA DINAH EMMA FREDA GILDA IVY KAREN LUCY APR MAY MAY JUL JUL JtJL JUL AUG AUG AUG AUG AUG AUG

  14. Binet's formula for generalized tribonacci numbers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cereceda, José Luis

    2015-11-01

    In this note, we derive Binet's formula for the general term ? of the generalized tribonacci sequence. This formula gives ? explicitly as a function of the index n, the roots of the associated characteristic equation, and the initial terms ?, ?, and ?. By way of illustration, we obtain Binet's formula for the Cordonnier, Perrin, and Van der Laan numbers. In addition, we establish a double identity that can be regarded as a parent of Binet's formula for generalized tribonacci numbers.

  15. 76 FR 69748 - National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-09

    ...: Ruth Grossman, DDS, Scientific Review Officer, National Institute of Biomedical Imagin and... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering... commercial property such as patentable material, and personal information concerning individuals associated...

  16. 75 FR 39547 - National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-09

    .... Contact Person: Ruth Grossman, DDS, Scientific Review Officer, National Institute of Biomedical Imaging... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering... commercial property such as patentable material, and personal information concerning individuals associated...

  17. KSC-86P-0156

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1986-10-14

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Kennedy Space Center Director Forrest McCartney and his wife, Ruth, cut a "Welcome to KSC" cake, with the assistance of NKMA member Susan Hilding, at the NASA Kennedy Management Association meeting. Photo credit: NASA

  18. 76 FR 34741 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request, Entitlement and State Community...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-14

    ... be sent to: LaRuth Harper, Reports Management Officer, OTAM, Department of Housing and Urban...-free number), or e-mail Ms. Harper at Laruth.M.Harper@hud.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Regina...

  19. Hispanics and Pancreatic Cancer: Things to Know

    MedlinePlus

    ... Diario/La Prensa publisher Carlos D. Ramirez. Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg was successfully treated for ... abdomen, the pancreas produces juices that aid in digestion as well as several hormones, including insulin. The ...

  20. 76 FR 40922 - National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-12

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering... personal privacy. Name of Committee: National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering Special.... Contact Person: Ruth Grossman, DDS, Scientific Review Officer, National Institute of Biomedical...

  1. 78 FR 37557 - National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-21

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering... personal privacy. Name of Committee: National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering Special...: Ruth Grossman, DDS, Scientific Review Officer, National Institute of Biomedical Imaging...

  2. 75 FR 15715 - National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-30

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering... personal privacy. Name of Committee: National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering Special.... Contact Person: Ruth Grossman, DDS, Scientific Review Officer, National Institute of Biomedical...

  3. The Role of Hispanic Women in the Making of Texas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Contreras, Gloria

    1990-01-01

    Sketches the biographies of 12 Hispanic women who contributed to Texas history. Suggests 13 activities pertinent to instruction on the topic. Describes the compilation of 20,000 items for the Texas Women's History Project by historian Ruth Winegarten. (GG)

  4. Synergistic Man: Outcome Model for Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rousseve, Ronald J.

    1973-01-01

    Drawing on the insights of Ruth Benedict and Abraham Maslow in their search for an ethical gauge by which to rate personal-social health, this article proposes synergistic man'' as the desired outcome model for counselors. (Author)

  5. 77 FR 55795 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-11

    ... Organization and bearing the declaration, ``These tomatoes were grown in an area recognized to be free of.... Ruth Brown, Departmental Information Collection Clearance Officer. BILLING CODE 3410-34-P ...

  6. ARC-2007-ACD07-0145-017

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2007-08-01

    NASA Officials gather at Ames Research Center to discuss Spaceship development progress. Constellation is developing the Orion spacecraft and Ares rockets to support an American return to the moon by 2020. (with Ruth Marlaire)

  7. Literacy Practitioner. Literacy and Community Development Issue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Literacy Practitioner, 1997

    1997-01-01

    This theme issue of a newsletter for adult literacy practitioners focuses on community development. Nine articles on this topic include the following: "Adult Literacy and Community Development" (Hal Beder); "Why Community Development?" (Kirk Baker); "Freire's Revolution" (Ruth Pelz); "Impacting Communities…

  8. 75 FR 33626 - National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-14

    ... Blood Institute Special Emphasis Panel Comparative Effectiveness Research in Clinical Hypertension... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; Notice of Closed... of Committee: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Special Emphasis Panel. Ruth L....

  9. Establishing a Marine Mammal Stranding Network in the Bahamas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-09-30

    mammal & turtle anatomy Dr Ruth Ewing, DVM, NOAA Fisheries Sample collection: The Basics Dr Charles Manire, DVM Atlantis Dolphin Cay Rescue...the Bahamas Pedro Baranda Dolphin Experience Sea turtles : species identification, strandings, and legislation Kelly Melillo Dolphin

  10. Synergistic Man: Outcome Model for Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rousseve, Ronald J.

    1973-01-01

    Drawing on the insights of Ruth Benedict and Abraham Maslow in their search for an ethical gauge by which to rate personal-social health, this article proposes synergistic man'' as the desired outcome model for counselors. (Author)

  11. Webscan.

    PubMed

    2007-09-01

    Job sharing Although health service providers are taking an increasingly flexible approach to work in order to support a better 'work-life balance', part time jobs for senior NHS managers are still hard to come by, writes Ruth Williams.

  12. 77 FR 5308 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-02

    ... JENNIFER MARY-LOUISE BLAIR CHRISTOPHER....... R BONNIER ADAM F BOUCHIER DAVID IAN BRACHER CLAUDIA RUTH... YAT CHOA TAK FUNG DAVID CHOW STELLA ZONG JE CHRISTEN BONNIE WOODWARD CHRISTIANSON ERIC DUANNE CHUN...

  13. Sub-Saharan Africa Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Faces of Apartheid (THE WEEKLY MAIL, 20-26 Mar 87) 95 Municipal Police, by Ruth Becker 95 Influx Control, by Jo- Ann Bekker 96 Removals, by Ruth...Peter Stacey; BUSINESS DAY, 18 Mar 87) 110 PRC Makes Trade Gesture (Frank Jeans; THE STAR, 18 Mar 87) Ill Briefs Number of Unemployed Indians...Up 112 Rise in Exports From Richards Bay 112 PGA Borehole Strikes Bird Reef 112 Builders Fund Gets Boost 112 Lisbon Trade Mission Arrives 113

  14. Battle of Narratives

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-01

    by Lars Ruth June 2012 Thesis Advisor: S . F. Everton Second Reader: H. Rothstein THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK...Master’s Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Battle of Narratives 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR( S ) Lars Ruth 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9...SPONSORING /MONITORING AGENCY NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) N/A 10. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY REPORT NUMBER 11. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES The views

  15. Guantanamo Bay -- Undermining the Global War on Terror

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland .55 The inter-agency group investigated four options: Military Commissions, criminal trials, military...Ruth Wedgewood, and Kenneth Roth , “Combatants or Criminals? How Washington Should Handle the Terrorists,” Foreign Affairs (May/June 2004): 126. See...Accessed 6 September 2004. Wedgewood, Ruth and Kenneth Roth . “Combatants or Criminals? How Washington Should Handle the Terrorists.” Foreign Affairs

  16. The Development of a Comprehensive Instrument to Measure Symptom Distress in Women After Treatment for Breast Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-05-01

    completion of adjuvant therapy . Muscle and joint pains, neuropathies, and menopausal symptoms persist in the year after treatment and truly affect... Treatment for Breast Cancer PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Marcia Boehmke Jean K. Brown, Ph.D. Ruth McCorkle M. Tish Knobf Bill Wu CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: The...0487 Symptoms and Symptom Distress in Women After Treatment for Breast Cancer 6. AUTHOR(S) Marcia Boehmke Jean K. Brown, Ph.D. Ruth McCorkle M. Tish

  17. Growth Suppression and Therapy Sensitization of Breast Cancer.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-07-01

    Therapy Sensitization of Breast Cancer PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Ruth A. Gjerset, Ph.D. CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center San Diego...Sensitization of Breast Cancer DAMD17-96-1-6038 6. AUTHOR(S) Ruth A. Gjerset, Ph.D. 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION...Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center REPORT NUMBER San Diego, California 92121 9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSORING

  18. Professional development through attending conferences: reflections of a health librarian.

    PubMed

    Jenkins, Ruth

    2015-06-01

    In this article, guest writer Ruth Jenkins from Berkshire Heathcare Foundation Trust reflects on two conferences she attended in 2014, LILAC and SLA. Through the process of reflection, she considers the benefits that attending conferences can have to library and information professionals in the health sector. In particular, she discusses the opportunities and areas for learning and professional development that conferences can offer including evidence-based practice and current awareness, gaining new knowledge and objectivity, and networking and the unexpected benefits of conferences. Ruth also offers some practical hints and tips on ways to facilitate your attendance at conferences, including through awards and funding. H.S. © 2015 Health Libraries Group.

  19. Annual Tropical Cyclone Report 1980

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-01-01

    72 TS GEORGIA DUNNAVAN ----------- 2 TY SPERRY SMITH ------------ 76 TS HERBERT mATSUM oT.--------- 36 TS THELMA TODD ------------- 0 TS...TY RUTH - - 7 5 - 13 1 2 28 TY PERCY 13 3 12 13 - 17 43 - 101 TY SPERRY 10 1 16 3 - 20 10 - 60 TS THELMA 8 8 8 - 22 - - 46 TY VERNON 18 4 15 2 - 30...TY RUTH 14 SEP-16 SEP 3 65 975 13 60 19 TY PERCY 14 SEP-19 SEP 6 125 919 20 1260 20 TY SPERRY 15 SEP-20 SEP 6 65 987 22 2624 21 TS THELMA 26 SEP-30 SEP

  20. Characterizations of Minerogenic Particles in Support of Modeling Light Scattering in Lake Superior Through a Two-Component Approach

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    Publicly accessible sourc s used for this publication Section Head Branch Head T&Q*ul* Urf./l, Robert A Arnone, 733d - Division Head Ruth...0^ r1 0$ Publicly 8cce93iblo Gourcea van ’or N* |>i;blic*rioi\\ 5V;cWn Head" Sr’aTich HeeiJ’ Tg, Robert A Arnone Division Head Ruth H...2001). The effects of this on bp are gener; lly less (Holland and Gagne 1970; Jonasz 1987). This, together with the greater sensitivity of 6bp(/l

  1. Supplement to the Proceedings of the Annual Symposium on Frequency Control (42nd) Held in Baltimore, Maryland on 1-3 June 1988. Subject and Author Index for the Proceedings for the 10th to 42nd Symposia on Frequency Control and Symposium Historical Information, 1946-1988

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-01-01

    Bernstein, I Clarence E. Searles, G.K. Guttwein, F.H. Reder Ruth C. Jenny 1958 Eduard A. Gerber I Jerome M. Havel Arrangements: I Clarence E. Searles, I Ruth...C. Jenny Facilities: I Millard F. Timm 1959 Eduard A. Gerber I Jerome M. Havel Arrangements: I Clarence E. Searles I Facilities: I Millard F. Timm...1960 Eduard A. Gerber I Jerome M. Havel Arrangements: I Clarence E. Searles I Facilities: I Millard F. Timm 1961 Eduard A. Gerber I Jerome M. Havel I

  2. Draft Environmental Impact Statement. MX Deployment Area Selection and Land Withdrawal/Acquisition DEIS. Volume IV. Part II. Environmental Consequences to the Study Regions and Operating Base Vicinities.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-12-01

    these historic trends. There is a significant probability that other projects, notably the reopening of Kennecott Copper Company mine near Ruth and...tOPERATZNS BABE NEAR DELTA) 430 23.0 - JI 0 4-307ALT*O POPULATION GROWTH WITHOUT M-Xv WITH M-X, RO WITH M-X PLUS OTHER PROJECTS WHITE PINE COUNTY. NEVND...demand for land develop- ment, with lesser effects likely in Ruth and McGill. In 1976 White Pine County had 1,872 acres of developed urban land and 893

  3. The Gaias (Earth Mothers) of the Ecological/Conservation Movements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradley, Rosa M.; Biermann, Carol A.

    1999-01-01

    Describes the contributions of women who have served as role models in the fields of ecology and conservation. Women discussed include Ellen Richards, Maria Merian, Jane Colden, Mary Chase, Emma Braun, Ann Morgan, Rachel Carson, Eugenie Clark, Sylvia Earle, Wangari Maathai, Dian Fossey, Birute Galdikas, and Ruth Patrick. Contains 26 references.…

  4. Images of Struggle and Triumph: Using Picture Books to Teach about the Civil Rights Movement in the Secondary Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkins, Karen H.; Sheffield, Caroline C.; Ford, Martha B.; Cruz, Barbara C.

    2008-01-01

    This article describes four picture books ("Mississippi Morning" written by Ruth Vander Zee, "Dad, Jackie, and Me" written by Myron Uhlberg, "Freedom on the Menu" written by Carole Boston Weatherford, and "A Sweet Smell of Roses" written by Angela Johnson) that provide a concise (yet nuanced) chronicle of the civil rights movement--from the Jim…

  5. Competencies: Fuzzy Concepts to Context. Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    This document contains three papers from a symposium titled "Competence: Fuzzy Concepts to Context.""Sales Superstars: Defining Competencies Needed for Sales Performance" (Darlene Russ-Eft, Edward Del Gaizo, Jeannie Moulton, Ruth Pangilinan) discusses a study in which an analysis of 1,688 critical incidents revealed 16…

  6. ESL Magazine, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beall, Kathleen R., Ed.

    2001-01-01

    The six issues in this volume include the following articles: "Preview of TESOL 2001" (Adelaide Heyde Parsons); "Six Internet Pioneers Teach English to the World" (Dennis Oliver, Randall Davis, Elaine Hoter, Charles Kelly, Dave Sperling, and Ruth Vilmi); "Integrated Skills in the ESL/EFL Classroom" (Rebecca Oxford);…

  7. LANGUAGE LEARNING--READINGS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Modern Language Association of America, New York, NY.

    SELECTED ARTICLES ON SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING AND REPORTS OF RESEARCH ON LANGUAGE LEARNING AND TEACHING, PUBLISHED FROM 1960 TO 1966, ARE PROVIDED IN THIS PACKET. INCLUDED ARE--(1) "UNDER-ACHIEVEMENT IN FL LEARNING" BY PAUL PIMSLEUR, DONALD M. SUNDLAND, AND RUTH D. MCINTYRE, (2) "THE PREDICTION OF SUCCESS IN INTENSIVE FL TRAINING" BY JOHN B.…

  8. Retrenchment: General Russell E. Dougherty and the Strategic Air Command During the Age of Detente

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-01

    what happened to Ruth Farnsworth, or the scrutiny of a death penalty case brewing with the undercurrents of racial tension, Dougherty grew...to do what there was to do. Guam was on a beer -and-taxicab economy.”30 Gerry became sick as well. She was forced to have surgery for a growth on

  9. Action for Quality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National League for Nursing, New York, NY. Dept. of Associate Degree Programs.

    Papers include "The New Concept of Technology" by Edwin Miner and reaction papers by Ruth Matheney and Hazle Blakeney; "Problems and Issues in Accreditation by Specialized Agencies of Vocational-Technical Curricula in Post Secondary Institutes" by Lloyd Messersmith; "State Board Examination Equals Licensure Plus…

  10. After Brown U.'s Report on Slavery, Silence (So Far)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartlett, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    This article, discusses Brown University's slavery report, a 106-page narrative examination of the early connections between Brown University and slavery, that has been greeted--so far--with silence. The report, done at the behest of Ruth J. Simmons, Brown's president and herself a descendant of slaves, is an unsparing look at a shameful side of…

  11. 77 FR 1707 - National Toxicology Program (NTP) Final Process for Preparation of the Report on Carcinogens (RoC)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-11

    ... available on the NTP Web site ( http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/go/rocprocess ) or by contacting Dr. Ruth Lunn (see...) on December 15, 2011 ( http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/go/9741 ). The NTP now announces the final process....gov/go/rocprocess ) or by contacting Dr. Lunn (see ADDRESSES). Background Information on the RoC The...

  12. Non-International Armed Conflict in the Twenty-first Century

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    fundamental purpose of the Charter is the maintenance of international peace and security. Id., art. 1 , para. 1 . See RUTH B. RUSSELL , A History of...International Law Studies). VOL 51 Brunson MacChesney, Situation, Documents and Commentary on Recent Developments in the International Law of the Sea

  13. Reading and the Exceptional Child; Highlights of the Annual Reading Conference (23rd, Lehigh University).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kender, Joseph P., Ed.

    This book presents eleven papers on reading and the exceptional child. Part 1, "Development of Positive Self-Concept in Readers," contains: "In Search of Self" by Marvin D. Glock, "A Mental Hygiene Approach to Reading" By Ruth Jackson, and "The Videotape Playback as an Adjunct to Developing Positive Self-Regard" by Joan C. Barth. Part 2, "Teaching…

  14. Studies in Public Library Government, Organization, and Support. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garrison, Guy

    This report consists of six individual reports that were done by staff members at the Library Research Center as part of the overall project. In Part I, "Financing Public Library Expansion: Case Studies of Three Defeated Bond Issue Referendums," Ruth G. Lindahl and William S. Berner analyze defeated library bond issue referendums in…

  15. Mining and Querying Multimedia Data

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-09-29

    international conference on Machine learning (ICML ’05), pages 792–799, 2005. [98] Jamie Shotton, John Winn, Carsten Rother, and Antonio Criminisi...Ashburner, Kathleen Falls, Paul Leyland, Peter McQuilton, Steven Marygold, Gillian Millburn, David Osumi-Sutherland, Andrew Schroeder, Ruth Seal, Haiyan

  16. 78 FR 66373 - National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-05

    .... Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: National Institutes of Health, Two Democracy Plaza, Suite 920, 6707 Democracy Boulevard, Bethesda, MD 20892 (Virtual Meeting). ] Contact Person: Ruth... Democracy Boulevard, Room 960, Bethesda, MD 20892, 301-496-8775, grossmanrs@mail.nih.gov . Dated: October 30...

  17. 76 FR 53690 - National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-29

    .... Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications. Place: National Institutes of Health, Two Democracy Plaza, 6707 Democracy Boulevard, Bethesda, MD 20892. Contact Person: Ruth Grossman, DDS, Scientific... Health, 6707 Democracy Boulevard, Room 960, Bethesda, MD 20892, 301-496-8775, grossmanrs@mail.nih.gov...

  18. Penn Working Papers in Educational Linguistics, Volume 6, Number 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardman, Joel, Ed.; And Others

    The working papers contained in this volume include the following: "Intercultural Communication and the Analysis of Conversation" (Nessa Wolfson); "Methods of Inquiry into Cultural Expression in Speech Behavior" (Ruth Benander); "'I Really Like Your Lifestyle': ESL Learners Learning How to Compliment" (Kristine…

  19. Testing Technology: A Sandia technology bulletin

    SciTech Connect

    Goetsch, B.; Floyd, H.L.; Doran, L.

    1994-08-01

    Inside this issue is a farewell to Testing Technology message from technical advisor, Ruth David. Also included are articles on: Testing the I-40 bridge over the Rio Grande, simulated reactor meltdown studies, an inexpensive monitor for testing integrated circuits, testing of antihelicoptor mines, and quality assurance on aircraft inspection.

  20. Designing economic impact assessments for USFS wildfire programs

    Treesearch

    Karen L. Abt; Robert J. Jr. Huggett; Thomas P. Holmes

    2008-01-01

    As often happens in the wake of a series of extreme fire seasons, such as those in 2000, 2002 and 2003, federal wildfire policy is being scrutinized and recommendations regarding changes both large and small are prevalent (Stephens and Ruth 2005, Busenberg 2004, Dellasalla et al. 2004, Dombeck et al. 2004). It is common practice for increases in acres burned and in...

  1. After Brown U.'s Report on Slavery, Silence (So Far)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartlett, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    This article, discusses Brown University's slavery report, a 106-page narrative examination of the early connections between Brown University and slavery, that has been greeted--so far--with silence. The report, done at the behest of Ruth J. Simmons, Brown's president and herself a descendant of slaves, is an unsparing look at a shameful side of…

  2. Standards and Certification. Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on standards and certification in human resource development (HRD). "Implementing Management Standards in the UK" (Jonathan Winterton, Ruth Winterton) reports on a study that explored the implementation of management standards in 16 organizations and identified 36 key themes and…

  3. Facilitating University Education: A View from the North

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiewiura, Joachim S.

    2016-01-01

    In this small essay, I will reflect on Michael Bérubé and Jennifer Ruth's arguments on the decline of educational professionalism in the United States. The purpose is to consider this loss of professionalism, and I will consider it in light of the arts and humanities in the Danish educational debate. Two reflections are presented: first, the…

  4. Shaping a Cohesive Agenda: Next Steps. National Conference on Adult and External Degree Programs. (7th, Memphis, Tennessee, October 7-10, 1987).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance, an Association for Alternative Degree Programs.

    Proceedings of an international conference on adult and external degree programs are presented. Selected papers are drawn from the areas of distance learning, support services, intra-institutional, curriculum, and teaching. They include: "Uses of Distance Education for Graduate Professional Degrees" (Ruth J. Person and Raymond Vondran); "Library…

  5. Off to a Good Start: Launching the School Year. Excerpts from the Responsive Classroom Newsletter No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northeast Foundation for Children, Greenfield, MA.

    Comprised of excerpts from the Responsive Classroom Newsletter, this book details practices for use during the beginning of the elementary school year to build a foundation for a successful school year. Chapter 1, "The First Six Weeks of School: Building the Foundation for a Successful Year" (Ruth Charney and Marlynn Clayton) introduces…

  6. Adult Learning and the New Austerity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adults Learning, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The spending review brought a promise to protect adult and community learning as well as swingeing cuts to further and higher education and local government. In this article, some of the key players--Lynne Sedgmore, Christopher Brooks, Graham Hoyle, Maggie Galliers, Louise Hazel, Richard Bolsin, Maggi Dawson, Ruth Bond, Stuart Etherington, Brendan…

  7. 27. VIEW LOOKING AFT ON STARBOARD SIDE OF MAIN DECK ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    27. VIEW LOOKING AFT ON STARBOARD SIDE OF MAIN DECK WITH TENDER ANNIE RUTH ALONGSIDE. COVER OF FORWARD COMPANIONWAY HAS BEEN PLACED ON MAIN DECK; SUN AWNING A TYPICAL FEATURE IN TROPICAL CLIMATES. CREW MEMBERS UNKNOWN Original 4-3/4'x6-3/4' photograph taken c. 1930? - Pilot Schooner "Alabama", Moored in harbor at Vineyard Haven, Vineyard Haven, Dukes County, MA

  8. ’Huts and Nuts’ or ’Hearts and Minds?’ -- Anthropologists and Operational Art

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-06

    military. During World War I, a leading cultural anthropologist Franz Boas publicly criticized four of his contemporaries for using their profession as...Ku Klux Klan. Ruth Benedict’s mentor Franz Boas was the first to introduce “scientific antiracism” which Benedict faithfully fleshed out in her 1934

  9. TESOL Newsletter, Volume XIV, Numbers 1-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haskell, John F., Ed.

    1980-01-01

    Six 1980 issues of the TESOL Newsletter are presented. Topics include the following: preparing a written paper for oral presentation (Fraida Dubin); current trends in teaching English as a second language (TESL) (Ruth Crymes); ESL syllabuses (Carlos Yorio); teaching Black English (Lorraine Goldman); the state of certification and employment within…

  10. Teaching Tolerance Magazine, 2003.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnes, Jim, Ed.

    2003-01-01

    This magazine provides teachers with classroom learning materials to help children learn to be tolerant with others. Articles in the magazine are: "A Standard to Sustain" (Mary M. Harrison); "Let's Just Play" (Janet Schmidt); "Who's Helen Keller?" (Ruth Shagoury Hubbard); "Margins of Error" (Joe Parsons);…

  11. 31 CFR 360.6 - Authorized forms of registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    .../98, 12-3456789. Ruth B. Grace and Pat A. Banks, Trustees under Agreement with Susan L. Chambers, dated 7/30/97, 12-3456789. Dennis R. Adams, Trustee under Declaration of Trust, dated 5/1/98, 12-3456789... Service annuitant, pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 8345(e). John F. Green or Mary B. Doe, Trustees of the Estate...

  12. International Reports on Literacy Research: Reading and Writing Connections

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mallozzi, Christine A., Comp.; Malloy, Jacquelynn A., Comp.

    2007-01-01

    This article presents the reports from the international research correspondents (IRCs) on the topic of reading and writing connections through an informal polling using a questionnaire in seven countries. The participating IRCs include: (1) Ruth Wong of the National Institute of Education in Singapore; (2) Anita Poon of Hong Kong Baptist…

  13. Adoption: A Lifelong Journey for Children & Families.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McManus, Marilyn, C., Ed.

    1996-01-01

    Several issues surrounding adoption are addressed in this journal. "Openness in Adoption," by Ruth G. McRoy and others, explores the movement away from confidentiality in adoption. "Mid-Life Reflections on Adoption" by Carol Yttri and "An Adoption Journey" by Shannon Latimer detail the experiences of adults who were…

  14. National Dance Association. Lectures by NDA Scholars 1977-1987.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, Reston, VA. National Dance Association.

    This monograph contains reprints of lectures presented by National Dance Association Scholars from 1977 through 1987. The following Scholars are represented: (1) Elizabeth R. Hayes; (2) Miriam Gray; (3) Ruth L. Murray; (4) Araminta Little; (5) Mary Frances Dougherty; (6) Charlotte York Irey; (7) Lois "Betty" Ellfeldt; (8) Mary Alice "Buff"…

  15. Books and Mortar & Beyond

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelley-Mudie, Sara

    2014-01-01

    The library is a unique space in schools and in students' lives--a place to pursue both academic and personal interests, a place to meet and work with peers, but also a place to find quiet and a space for reflection. As Jake Carson and Ruth Kneale have noted, "Through embedded librarianship, librarians move from a supporting role into…

  16. 78 FR 12031 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-21

    ... for serving nutritious, well-balanced meals to eligible children at the food service sites.... Frequency of Responses: Recordkeeping; Reporting: On occasion; Quarterly; Annually. Total Burden Hours: 175.... Frequency of Responses: Recordkeeping; Reporting: On occasion; Annually. Total Burden Hours: 47,601. Ruth...

  17. 76 FR 30089 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-24

    ... the submission of applications for approval by retailers, wholesalers, meal service providers, certain... Program Application for Store, FNS 252-2, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program for Meal Service... Respondents: 107,232. Frequency of Responses: Reporting: On occasion. Total Burden Hours: 16,125. Ruth Brown...

  18. CEC's New Policy--Behind the Scenes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2016

    2016-01-01

    CEC's new policy is a result of efforts begun in 2009 by members of CEC's Educators With Disabilities Policy Workgroup. The board-appointed workgroup was chaired by Jennifer Diliberto and included Mary Ruth Coleman, Marjorie Terhaar-Yonkers, Susan Osborne, and Stephanie Demayo. These CEC members' desire to create and support safe environments in…

  19. Cuban Migration to the United States: Policy and Trends

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-02

    Felipe Perez Roque announced that Mexico would began to repatriate Cubans who arrive in Mexico with proper documents.47 The director of the Cancun...Gonzalez: Legal Basics, by Larry M. Eig, and CRS Report RL30570, Elian Gonzalez: Chronology and Issues, by Ruth Ellen Wasem and Barbara A. Salazar

  20. Imperatives in Vocational Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Melvin D., Ed.; And Others

    Six articles on issues in vocational education are presented in this booklet. The first article, "A Need for Articulation in Vocational Education," by Joseph Semak, discusses different approaches to the problem of articulation. Ruth Volz, in "Vocational Education for Our Ageless Society," examines the need for developing programs and training to…

  1. Does Neuroscience Matter for Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schrag, Francis

    2011-01-01

    In this review essay, Francis Schrag focuses on two recent anthologies dealing completely or in part with the role of neuroscience in learning and education: The "Jossey-Bass Reader on the Brain and Learning", edited by Jossey-Bass Publishers, and "New Philosophies of Learning", edited by Ruth Cigman and Andrew Davis. Schrag argues that…

  2. Facilitating University Education: A View from the North

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiewiura, Joachim S.

    2016-01-01

    In this small essay, I will reflect on Michael Bérubé and Jennifer Ruth's arguments on the decline of educational professionalism in the United States. The purpose is to consider this loss of professionalism, and I will consider it in light of the arts and humanities in the Danish educational debate. Two reflections are presented: first, the…

  3. Ivy League Trailblazer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Kenneth J.

    2011-01-01

    Ruth Simmons made a big news splash a decade ago when she was named president of Brown University, making her the first Black president of an Ivy League institution. She made another splash three years later by naming a committee to investigate Brown's role in the slave trade and make recommendations on possible reparations. Reflecting on her…

  4. "The Best Way for Students to Remember History Is to Experience It!": Transforming Historical Understanding through Scripted Drama

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snelson, Helen; Lingard, Ruth; Brennan, Kate

    2012-01-01

    An article on scripted drama might seem an unlikely choice for an edition devoted to getting students talking. Surely the point about a script is that the words used are chosen and prescribed by others. However, the examples presented here by Helen Snelson, Ruth Lingard and Kate Brennan demonstrate how effectively a well-crafted script can serve…

  5. 78 FR 63294 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-23

    ...), Peter J. Ferguson, Jr. (MA), John L. Fischer (ND), Christopher E. Francklyn (CO), Justin R. Freeman (ID), Douglas E. Gibbs (TX), Clarence H. Holliman, Jr. (MS), Steve P. Hoppe (ND), Tracy S. Johnson (FL), Chad D...), Brain S. Ruth (AK), Carl L. Saxton (IA), Michael R. Sheddan (TN), Ronald S. Smith (NJ), Lawrence E...

  6. Reading and the Exceptional Child; Highlights of the Annual Reading Conference (23rd, Lehigh University).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kender, Joseph P., Ed.

    This book presents eleven papers on reading and the exceptional child. Part 1, "Development of Positive Self-Concept in Readers," contains: "In Search of Self" by Marvin D. Glock, "A Mental Hygiene Approach to Reading" By Ruth Jackson, and "The Videotape Playback as an Adjunct to Developing Positive Self-Regard" by Joan C. Barth. Part 2, "Teaching…

  7. The Vitality of Folklore: An Interview with Judy P. Byers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warren, Stephen

    1993-01-01

    Judy P. Byers talks about the work of the late folklorist Ruth Ann Musick and her own work as a folklorist. She describes the gathering of Appalachian folklore, particularly ghost stories, and her task completing Musick's unfinished work. Byers advocates the importance of folklore as a bridge between one's personal history and the great stories of…

  8. Incoming Students: Are They Ready? FACTC Focus, 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doerr, Mark, Ed.

    2009-01-01

    "FACTC Focus" is a publication of Faculty Association of Community and Technical Colleges (FACTC) with the purpose of presenting diverse views on faculty issues. Included in this issue are: (1) Grade Forgiveness: A Good Idea? (Ruth Frickle); (2) Getting Pre-College Students Connected (Phil Venditti); (3) Abbreviations confusion: Are…

  9. Smart Kids--Enhancing Science Learning with Pupil-Pupil Coaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunne, Mick

    2011-01-01

    This article presents an interview between the author and two teachers, Ruth Birtles and Michelle Proctor, who are involved in "Smart Kids", an AstraZeneca Science Teaching Trust (AZSTT) funded project for 2009-10 coordinated by the Centre for Science Education, Sheffield Hallam University. In this interview, Proctor and Birtles discuss…

  10. 75 FR 71427 - Clean River Power 12, LLC; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-23

    ... consist of the following: (1) A 100-foot- long, 8-foot-high, reinforced concrete diversion weir on Ruth Creek; (2) a 45-foot-long, 15-foot-wide, 12-foot-high reinforced concrete intake structure adjacent to... powerhouse; (5) a 60-foot-long, 40-foot-wide reinforced concrete powerhouse containing one horizontal...

  11. Book Review: The People.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hammond, Gordon

    1992-01-01

    Reviews "The Micmac: How Their Ancestors Lived Five Hundred Years Ago" (Ruth Holmes and Harold McGee), an illustrated book that shows how Micmac Indians adapted so well to the world. Describes the Micmacs' knowledge of herbs for treating sicknesses and injuries. Explains that the demise of the Micmacs came with new diseases brought to…

  12. Images of Struggle and Triumph: Using Picture Books to Teach about the Civil Rights Movement in the Secondary Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkins, Karen H.; Sheffield, Caroline C.; Ford, Martha B.; Cruz, Barbara C.

    2008-01-01

    This article describes four picture books ("Mississippi Morning" written by Ruth Vander Zee, "Dad, Jackie, and Me" written by Myron Uhlberg, "Freedom on the Menu" written by Carole Boston Weatherford, and "A Sweet Smell of Roses" written by Angela Johnson) that provide a concise (yet nuanced) chronicle of the civil rights movement--from the Jim…

  13. Language and Music as Communication: A Discussion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Roger; And Others

    1979-01-01

    Roger Brown, Diana Deutsch, Warren Benson, and Ruth Day comment on the similarities and differences between verbal language and music as forms of communication. This discussion occurred at the first session of the National Symposium on the Applications of Psychology to the Teaching and Learning of Music, Ann Arbor. (SJL)

  14. Vocational Education for Youth and Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sugarman, Michael N., Ed.; Pautler, Albert J., Ed.

    The collected papers deal with issues, trends and concepts in vocational and technical education. Contributors are Charles H. Buzzell, Sophie S. Hollander, Angelo C. Gillie, Sr., Ruth Midjaas, Edwin L. Kurth, Jimmie C. Styles, Patrick A. O'Reilly, Thomas C. Cooke, Charles O. Whitehead, John W. Glenn, Jr., Michael N. Sugarman, C. Thomas Dean,…

  15. Women and Men of the Manhattan Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marshall, Jill; Herzenber, Caroline; Howes, Ruth; Weaver, Ellen; Gans, Dorothy

    2010-01-01

    In the early 1990s Ruth Howes, a nuclear physicist on the faculty at Ball State University, and Caroline Herzenberg, a nuclear physicist at Argonne National Laboratory, were asked to write a chapter on the Manhattan Project for a volume on women working on weapons development for the military. Realizing that they knew very little about the women…

  16. 75 FR 427 - Notice of Continuation of Visitor Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-05

    ... Area. GRCA004-88 Magnum Enterprises, Inc Grand Canyon National Park. GRTE003-97 Rex G. and Ruth G... Resorts LLC Amistad National Recreation Area. AMIS003-87 Rough Canyon Marina, LLC Amistad National Recreation Area. CACH001-84 White Dove Inc., dba Thunderbird Lodge..... Canyon de Chelly National Monument...

  17. Coaching in the Library: A Management Strategy for Achieving Excellence. Second Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metz, Ruth F.

    2010-01-01

    Experienced librarian and coach Ruth Metz outlines a focused and results-oriented plan for achieving the best results from staff members through a coaching style of management. Real-world examples and coaching scenarios specific to library work will help librarians: (1) Be both a coach and a player by learning the terminology and techniques; (2)…

  18. Health Issues in the Latino Community.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aguirre-Molina, Marilyn, Ed.; Molina, Carlos W., Ed.; Zambrana, Ruth Enid, Ed.

    This collection of papers includes 6 parts. Part 1, "Latino Populations in the United States," includes: (1) "Latino Health Policy: Beyond Demographic Determinism" (Angelo Falcon, Marilyn Aguirre-Molina, and Carlos W. Molina); (2) "Latino Health Status" (Olivia Carter-Pokras and Ruth Enid Zambrana); and (3)…

  19. 75 FR 23241 - Marine Mammals; File No. 14514

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-03

    ..., Aquatic Animal Program, College of Veterinary Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610 (Ruth Francis-Floyd... for scientific research. DATES: Written, telefaxed, or e-mail comments must be received on or before... research are to study various aspects of disease afflicting marine mammals including viral pathogens and...

  20. 75 FR 50748 - Marine Mammals; File No. 14514

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-17

    ..., Aquatic Animal Program, College of Veterinary Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610 (Ruth Francis-Floyd... jurisdiction for scientific research. ADDRESSES: The permit and related documents are available for review upon... scientific research had been submitted by the above-named applicant. The requested permit has been issued...

  1. Handbook of Climate of the USSR. Humidity of Air, Atmospheric Precipitations, Snow Cover

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-12-07

    machine translation. Input by: Angelia M. Johnson, Lynda J. Lightner, Laura M. Matthews, Lisa K. Wiensch Merged by: Ruth A. Bennette Requester: USAF...26 U.a-,Xhayryac" . ....... 49 24 31 43 35 37 75 97 69 122 100 83 287 479 76 t 27 hayr -fso..v ............. .. 51 25 32 45 37 39 77 99 71 125 103 85

  2. Developmental Education in Higher Education. Advanced Institutional Development Program (AIDP) Two-year College Consortium, Vol. II, No. 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarke, Johnnie Ruth; And Others

    This monograph, consisting of four sections, focuses on developmental education in the higher education setting. The first section, by Johnnie Ruth Clarke, provides an overall perspective on learning through developmental programs. Included are discussions of the developmental approach, developmental students and instructional activities, and…

  3. Empowering Our Students to Make a More Just World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dorfman, Shari; Rosenberg, Ruth

    2013-01-01

    Fifth-grade teachers Shari Dorfman and Ruth Rosenberg strive to help their students see the possibilities that exist within themselves, so that their students can begin to envision their own future. To this end, Dorfman and Rosenberg choose to celebrate the legacy of Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. by sharing the stories of lesser-known…

  4. Conversations on Method: Deconstructing Policy through the Researcher Reflective Journal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slotnick, Ruth C.; Janesick, Valerie J.

    2011-01-01

    In this article the authors argue that the researcher reflective journal is a critical interpretive tool for conducting educational policy analysis. The idea for this research grew from the experiences of a doctoral candidate (Ruth) in pursuit of a policy focused dissertation and a series of on-going conversations with her qualitative…

  5. Active Faults and Associated Tectonic Stress in the Coso Range, California.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    infrared and microwave imaging were used. Low-sun-angle conditions are apparent in most of the low-altitude photography. The sun angle in the photography is...perhaps in the vicinity of the White Star Mine. At Hi-Desert Sauna and Spa, however, at the White Star Mine, Ruth Kirley reported that no one there felt

  6. Tasks and Language Learning: Integrating Theory and Practice. Multilingual Matters 93.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crookes, Graham, Ed.; Gass, Susan M., Ed.

    Essays on second language teaching focuses on how the kinds of tasks performed by the learner relate to language output. "Choosing and Using Communication Tasks for Second Language Instruction" (Teresa Pica, Ruth Kanagy, Joseph Falodun) contains a taxonomy of communication task types, based on the concepts of goal and activity,…

  7. The Medium and the Message: Oral History, New Media, and a Grassroots History of Working Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyerowitz, Ruth; Zinni, Christine F.

    2009-01-01

    In the Spring of 2000, Ruth Meyerowitz and Christine Zinni began collaborative efforts--inside and outside of academia--to enhance a course on The History of Working Women at SUNY Buffalo. Videotaping the oral histories of women labor leaders, they later teamed up with Michael Frisch and Randforce Associates--a research group at SUNY at Buffalo's…

  8. Whose Idea Is This? Teaching Artists Reflect on Intellectual Property Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Randall, Jill

    2006-01-01

    This article presents an interview with four seasoned Teaching Artists: Keith Terry, Kimberly de Caires, Ruth Bossieux, and Jeff Raz. The TAs reflect on the importance and complexity of intellectual property issues. They also shed new light on the views and experiences of TAs around this issue and encourages a broader dialog in the TA community.

  9. Vocational Education for Youth and Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sugarman, Michael N., Ed.; Pautler, Albert J., Ed.

    The collected papers deal with issues, trends and concepts in vocational and technical education. Contributors are Charles H. Buzzell, Sophie S. Hollander, Angelo C. Gillie, Sr., Ruth Midjaas, Edwin L. Kurth, Jimmie C. Styles, Patrick A. O'Reilly, Thomas C. Cooke, Charles O. Whitehead, John W. Glenn, Jr., Michael N. Sugarman, C. Thomas Dean,…

  10. Justified Self-Esteem

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kristjansson, Kristjan

    2007-01-01

    This paper develops a thread of argument from previous contributions to this journal by Richard Smith and Ruth Cigman about the educational salience of self-esteem. It is argued--contra Smith and Cigman--that the social science conception of self-esteem does serve a useful educational function, most importantly in undermining the inflated…

  11. Literature and Its Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLeod, Alan M., Ed.

    1984-01-01

    This theme issue of the "Virginia English Bulletin" focuses on "Literature and Its Teaching." The 15 major articles are: "Response to Literature" (Robert C. Small and Ruth Fisher); "The Power of a Good Book" (Gayle Sterrett); "Some Plain Truths about Teaching English" (Coalition of English Associations); "Introducing High School Students to…

  12. Women and Men of the Manhattan Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marshall, Jill; Herzenber, Caroline; Howes, Ruth; Weaver, Ellen; Gans, Dorothy

    2010-01-01

    In the early 1990s Ruth Howes, a nuclear physicist on the faculty at Ball State University, and Caroline Herzenberg, a nuclear physicist at Argonne National Laboratory, were asked to write a chapter on the Manhattan Project for a volume on women working on weapons development for the military. Realizing that they knew very little about the women…

  13. Does Neuroscience Matter for Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schrag, Francis

    2011-01-01

    In this review essay, Francis Schrag focuses on two recent anthologies dealing completely or in part with the role of neuroscience in learning and education: The "Jossey-Bass Reader on the Brain and Learning", edited by Jossey-Bass Publishers, and "New Philosophies of Learning", edited by Ruth Cigman and Andrew Davis. Schrag argues that…

  14. Cleft Palate Habilitation; Proceedings of the Annual Symposium on Cleft Palate Habilitation (5th, Syracuse University, New York, May 11-12, 1967).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lencione, Ruth M., Ed.

    With emphasis on the growing interdisciplinary approach to the treatment of cleft palate, Ruth M. Lencione introduces the subject covering incidence, causes, and classification. Richard B. Stark discusses surgery of the primary pharyngeal flap and E. Harris Nober presents a review of the literature on hearing problems. Aubrey L. Ruess examined…

  15. "Never Knew Literacy Could Get at My Soul": On How Words Matter for Youth, or Notes toward Decolonizing Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Ruth H.

    2013-01-01

    This article is organized as follows. First, the author introduces a few ways to consider and define spoken word in its current cultural and historical form. She then discusses spoken word literacy by bringing in the voices of youth spoken word artists to address further the question of relevance. In doing so, Ruth Kin connects how spoken word…

  16. Whose Idea Is This? Teaching Artists Reflect on Intellectual Property Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Randall, Jill

    2006-01-01

    This article presents an interview with four seasoned Teaching Artists: Keith Terry, Kimberly de Caires, Ruth Bossieux, and Jeff Raz. The TAs reflect on the importance and complexity of intellectual property issues. They also shed new light on the views and experiences of TAs around this issue and encourages a broader dialog in the TA community.

  17. Summary Report of the Defense Science Study Group, 1985-1988

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-09-01

    8217 -,’Copy 24 of 150 Copies NIDA PAPER P-2310 Two I SUMMARY REPORT OF THE 0 DEFENSE SCIENCE STUDY GROUP 1985 - 1988 0 DTIC JAN 3 11990 Richard J...CARRUTHERS Head, Department of Physics University of Arizona * RUTH DAVIS** President The Pymatuning Group, Inc. ALEXANDER H. FLAX Private Consultant EUGENE

  18. SLJ Library Computing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerhardt, Lillian N., Ed.

    1987-01-01

    Three articles include charts excerpted from "Pennsylvania Online: A Curriculum Guide for School Library Media Centers"; "Processing/Accessing Micro Software," in which Ruth Fitzgerald advocates integrating software into the card catalog; and "Microcomputer Software: A Sellers' Showcase to Physical Science Programs," in which Phyllis Levy Mandell…

  19. Reviewing the Expectations: The "Generation Gap" Revisited.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elkind, David

    1988-01-01

    Refutes sociological and anthropological theories about the generation gap held by Kingsley Davis, Margaret Mead, and Ruth Benedict. Argues for a psychological interpretation of intergenerational conflict. The latter is not a product of adult rigidity, but a natural consequence of adult generational responsibility toward youth. (MLH)

  20. Nontraditional Occupations for Women of the Hemisphere: The U.S. Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Employment Standards Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Women's Bureau.

    Edited versions of speeches presented at the conference are presented in the document. Section 1, Women in the Fields of Government, Education, Trade Unions, Business and Industry, presents personal accounts of women in nontraditional occupations. Speakers include Betty Southard Murphy, Lucille Maurer, Barbara G. Kilberg, Ruth Weyand, Julia M.…

  1. On the Treatment of Authors, Outliers, and Purchasing Power Parity Exchange Rates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jaeger, Richard M.

    1993-01-01

    Ruth Stott violates canons of scholarly debate by attacking author's October 1992 "Kappan" article on world-class academic standards. Average class size predicted only 10% of variation in 13 year-olds' mean mathematics scores in 14 nations supplying reasonable comprehensive sampling frames for International Assessment of Academic…

  2. Adult Learning and the New Austerity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adults Learning, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The spending review brought a promise to protect adult and community learning as well as swingeing cuts to further and higher education and local government. In this article, some of the key players--Lynne Sedgmore, Christopher Brooks, Graham Hoyle, Maggie Galliers, Louise Hazel, Richard Bolsin, Maggi Dawson, Ruth Bond, Stuart Etherington, Brendan…

  3. Books and DVDs Offer Excellent Resources for Childbirth Education Classes

    PubMed Central

    Shilling, Teri

    2006-01-01

    In this column, reviewers offer perspectives and comments on the second edition of The Labor Progress Handbook, a book by Penny Simkin and Ruth Ancheta; What Babies Want, a documentary directed by Debby Takikawa; A Pleasing Birth, a book by Raymond De Vries; and Baby Tata, a DVD production by Baby Tata LLC.

  4. "The Best Way for Students to Remember History Is to Experience It!": Transforming Historical Understanding through Scripted Drama

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snelson, Helen; Lingard, Ruth; Brennan, Kate

    2012-01-01

    An article on scripted drama might seem an unlikely choice for an edition devoted to getting students talking. Surely the point about a script is that the words used are chosen and prescribed by others. However, the examples presented here by Helen Snelson, Ruth Lingard and Kate Brennan demonstrate how effectively a well-crafted script can serve…

  5. SLJ Library Computing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerhardt, Lillian N., Ed.

    1987-01-01

    Three articles include charts excerpted from "Pennsylvania Online: A Curriculum Guide for School Library Media Centers"; "Processing/Accessing Micro Software," in which Ruth Fitzgerald advocates integrating software into the card catalog; and "Microcomputer Software: A Sellers' Showcase to Physical Science Programs," in which Phyllis Levy Mandell…

  6. The Language and Politics of Exclusion: Others in Discourse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riggins, Stephen Harold, Ed.

    A collection of essays on "the other" in discourse includes: "The Rhetoric of Othering" (Stephen Harold Riggins); "Political Discourse and Racism: Describing Others in Western Parliaments" (Teun A. van Dijk); "'Das Ausland' and Anti-Semitic Discourse: The Discursive Construction of the Other" (Ruth Wodak);…

  7. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (80th, Chicago, Illinois, July 30-August 2, 1997): Public Relations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

    The Public Relations section of the Proceedings contains the following 13 papers: "Pluralistic Ignorance and Educators in Public Relations: Underestimating Professionalism of Our Educator Peers and of Practitioners in the Field" (Lynne M. Sallot; Glen T. Cameron; Ruth Ann Weaver-Lariscy); "Critical Conflict Issues in Public…

  8. Writing Out of the Unexpected: Narrative Inquiry and the Weight of Small Moments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Erick; McKibbin, Kerry; Vasudevan, Lalitha; Vinz, Ruth

    2007-01-01

    In this tale of a single event told from the perspectives of multiple narrators, Erick Gordon, Kerry McKibbin, Lalitha Vasudevan, and Ruth Vinz write about their work together on a Student Press Initiative (SPI) writing project at Horizon Academy, the Department of Correction/Department of Education high school at Rikers Island Jail in New York…

  9. Dispersion and movement of the Lygus spp.parasitoid Peristenus relictus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) in trapcropped organic strawberries

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Alfalfa trap crops can be used to manage Lygus spp. in organic strawberries on the California Central Coast. The retention of Lygus spp. in alfalfa creates aggregated distributions that provide improved opportunities for biological control by the introduced parasitoid Peristenus relictus (Ruthe). ...

  10. Effects of Frequency Spreads on Beam Breakup Instabilities in Linear Accelerators

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-05-11

    22209 Attn: Dr. R. Patrick Attn: Mr. Ira F. Kuhn Dr. Dennis Reilly Dr. Nancy Chesser Ballistic Missile Def. Ad. Tech. Ctr. Fermi Natl. Accelerator...Perry Wilson Albuquerque, NM 87131 Dr. M. V. Chodorow Dr. Ron Ruth Dr. Howard Jory Dr. K. Thompson Varian Associates, Bldg. 1 Dr. Roger Miller 611

  11. Habits of Goodness. Case Studies in the Social Curriculum: With Case Studies by Six Elementary School Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charney, Ruth Sidney

    Expanding on Ruth Sidney Charney's ideas in "Teaching Children to Care," this book addresses the question of adding a caring dimension to classroom practice. The book draws on case studies from six elementary classroom teachers as they incorporate some aspect of a caring curriculum to their students. The book is divided into three parts with the…

  12. Literature and Its Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLeod, Alan M., Ed.

    1984-01-01

    This theme issue of the "Virginia English Bulletin" focuses on "Literature and Its Teaching." The 15 major articles are: "Response to Literature" (Robert C. Small and Ruth Fisher); "The Power of a Good Book" (Gayle Sterrett); "Some Plain Truths about Teaching English" (Coalition of English Associations); "Introducing High School Students to…

  13. The Genesis of Language: A Psycholinguistic Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Frank, Ed.; Miller, George A., Ed.

    The fourteen papers are: "Developmental Psycholinguistics," by David McNeill; "Comments on 'Developmental Psycholinguistics'," by Dan I. Slobin; "How to Learn to Talk: Some Simple Ways," by Jerry A. Fodor; "The Acquisition of Russian as a Native Language, " by Dan I. Slobin; "Some Questions on the Child's Learning of Phonology," by Ruth H. Weir;…

  14. The Genesis of Language: A Psycholinguistic Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Frank, Ed.; Miller, George A., Ed.

    The fourteen papers are: "Developmental Psycholinguistics," by David McNeill; "Comments on 'Developmental Psycholinguistics'," by Dan I. Slobin; "How to Learn to Talk: Some Simple Ways," by Jerry A. Fodor; "The Acquisition of Russian as a Native Language, " by Dan I. Slobin; "Some Questions on the Child's Learning of Phonology," by Ruth H. Weir;…

  15. International Reports on Literacy Research: Reading and Writing Connections

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mallozzi, Christine A., Comp.; Malloy, Jacquelynn A., Comp.

    2007-01-01

    This article presents the reports from the international research correspondents (IRCs) on the topic of reading and writing connections through an informal polling using a questionnaire in seven countries. The participating IRCs include: (1) Ruth Wong of the National Institute of Education in Singapore; (2) Anita Poon of Hong Kong Baptist…

  16. The Medium and the Message: Oral History, New Media, and a Grassroots History of Working Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyerowitz, Ruth; Zinni, Christine F.

    2009-01-01

    In the Spring of 2000, Ruth Meyerowitz and Christine Zinni began collaborative efforts--inside and outside of academia--to enhance a course on The History of Working Women at SUNY Buffalo. Videotaping the oral histories of women labor leaders, they later teamed up with Michael Frisch and Randforce Associates--a research group at SUNY at Buffalo's…

  17. Marking Advanced Essays

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donley, Michael

    1978-01-01

    A list of points to aid essay writers is suggested as the basis of a marking system for the teacher of English as a foreign language. The checklist, obtained from a book on higher education by Ruth Beard, can be adapted to the English as a foreign language situation. (SW)

  18. Coaching in the Library: A Management Strategy for Achieving Excellence. Second Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metz, Ruth F.

    2010-01-01

    Experienced librarian and coach Ruth Metz outlines a focused and results-oriented plan for achieving the best results from staff members through a coaching style of management. Real-world examples and coaching scenarios specific to library work will help librarians: (1) Be both a coach and a player by learning the terminology and techniques; (2)…

  19. An Assessment of the Nutritional Intake and Energy Expenditure of Unacclimatized U.S. Army Soldiers Living and Working at High Altitude

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-06-01

    Baby Ruth Candy Bar Crackers & Cheese Pizza Snickers Candy Bar Bread, slices Cream Pie Potato Chips Cinnamon/Spices Candy, Gum Sunflower Seeds Ketchup...of DA PORN 1303*. APP 84 PART U - TO BE COMPLETED BY INVESTIGATOR (cotd, 2 dioxide will be allowed to rise. Again, your exhaled carbon dioxide level

  20. Universal Camouflage for the Future Warrior

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-12-01

    throughout this program: James G. Fairneny (Material System and Integration Team-MSIT), and Veronica Panciocco (Advanced Technology Team – ATT...Jane Johnson, Allen Wright, Kathy Rock, Ruth Roth (The Product Optimization and Evaluation Team – POET), Dr. Kenneth Parham, Frederick Dupont, Thomas

  1. Serials Management in the Electronic Era: Papers in Honor of Peter Gellatly, Founding Editor of "The Serials Librarian."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Jim, Ed.; Williams, James W., Ed.

    This book assesses progress and technical changes in the field of serials management and anticipates future directions and challenges for librarians. The book consists of 18 chapters: (1) "Introduction" (Jim Cole and James W. Williams); (2) "Peter Gellatly--Editor with a Deft Touch" (Ruth C. Carter); (3) "The "Deseret…

  2. Empowering Our Students to Make a More Just World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dorfman, Shari; Rosenberg, Ruth

    2013-01-01

    Fifth-grade teachers Shari Dorfman and Ruth Rosenberg strive to help their students see the possibilities that exist within themselves, so that their students can begin to envision their own future. To this end, Dorfman and Rosenberg choose to celebrate the legacy of Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. by sharing the stories of lesser-known…

  3. Current Issues and Their Implications for Practical Nursing Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National League for Nursing, New York, NY. Dept. of Practical Nursing Programs.

    Papers on "Current Issues and Their Implications for Practical Nurse Programs" included in the document were authored by Margaret McLaughlin, Ruth B. Edelson, and Kenneth G. Skaggs. Summaries of presentations by Robert M. Morgan and Helen K. Powers are also included. (JK)

  4. Creative Ventures: Women of Substance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flack, Jerry

    2001-01-01

    This article offers suggestions for using biographies of famous women aviators with gifted students. Aviators suggested include Ruth Law, Jacqueline Cochran, Bessie Coleman, Beryl Markham, and Amelia Earhart. Teaching suggestions include creative book sharing, integration with map work, and student projects based on these lives. (Contains…

  5. Towards a Science of Motivated Learning in Technology-Supported Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayer, Richard E.

    2011-01-01

    This commentary reviews seven papers that study motivation with new media, contained in this special issue of "Educational Technology Research & Development" edited by Ruth Small. For each paper, this commentary summarizes exemplary contributions, offers an assessment of what is exciting, and suggests directions for future research. Some exciting…

  6. K-12 Educational Outcomes of Immigrant Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crosnoe, Robert; Turley, Ruth N. Lopez

    2011-01-01

    The children from immigrant families in the United States make up a historically diverse population, and they are demonstrating just as much diversity in their experiences in the K-12 educational system. Robert Crosnoe and Ruth Lopez Turley summarize these K-12 patterns, paying special attention to differences in academic functioning across…

  7. Authors, Authors, Authors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvey, Carl A., II; Kaplan, Allison G.

    2007-01-01

    This article features some of the programs offered in the Reno conference. Two of the preconferences at Reno will focus on children's literature. Judy Freeman will talk about some of the current and future trends for books for younger readers. She will share a plethora of some of the best picture books and chapter books. Ruth Cox Clark will take…

  8. Smart Kids--Enhancing Science Learning with Pupil-Pupil Coaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunne, Mick

    2011-01-01

    This article presents an interview between the author and two teachers, Ruth Birtles and Michelle Proctor, who are involved in "Smart Kids", an AstraZeneca Science Teaching Trust (AZSTT) funded project for 2009-10 coordinated by the Centre for Science Education, Sheffield Hallam University. In this interview, Proctor and Birtles discuss…

  9. First Report of Aerial Blight of Ruth’s Golden Aster (Pityopsis ruthii) caused by Rhizoctonia solani in the United States

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Ruth's golden aster (Pityopsis ruthii) is an endangered, herbaceous perennial that occurs only at a few sites along small reaches of the Hiwassee and Ocoee rivers in Polk County, Tennessee. This species has ornamental potential. In 2012, we vegetatively propagated various genotypes and established p...

  10. Program and Papers of the Second Workshop for Directors and College Supervisors of Student Teaching (Michigan State University, July 24-August 4, 1967).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dow, Clyde W., Ed.

    This document contains eight papers prepared by workshop participants: "Placement of Student Teachers: A Cooperative Venture Between Teacher Education Institutions and Public Schools" by Donald Abernethy, Robert Highland, Richard Terry, and Ruth Wilvert; "Handbook for Student Teachers" by Sister Rose McDonnell, Sister James…

  11. Testing the Capacity of the National Biological Dose Response Plan (NBDRP) EX40801

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-11-01

    Testing the capacity of the National Biological Dose Response Plan (NBDRP) EX40801 Ruth Wilkins, James McNamee, Hillary...2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Testing the capacity of the National Biological Dose Response Plan (NBDRP) EX40801 5a...Report July 2009 Page 2 of 11 Testing the capacity of the NBDRP

  12. Missing Chapters: Ten Pioneering Women in NCTE and English Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerlach, Jeanne Marcum, Ed.; Monseau, Virginia R., Ed.

    This book is a historical study showing how 10 key women in the English teaching profession earlier in this century helped to develop the concepts that shape the profession today. The 10 articles and their authors are (1) "Rewey Belle Inglis: A Crystal-Ball Gazer" (Jeanne Marcum Gerlach); (2) "Ruth Mary Weeks: Teaching the Art of…

  13. Color in the Classroom: How American Schools Taught Race, 1900-1954

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burkholder, Zoe

    2011-01-01

    Between the turn of the twentieth century and the "Brown v. Board of Education" decision in 1954, the way that American schools taught about "race" changed dramatically. This transformation was engineered by the nation's most prominent anthropologists, including Franz Boas, Ruth Benedict, and Margaret Mead, during World War II.…

  14. Cleft Palate Habilitation; Proceedings of the Annual Symposium on Cleft Palate Habilitation (5th, Syracuse University, New York, May 11-12, 1967).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lencione, Ruth M., Ed.

    With emphasis on the growing interdisciplinary approach to the treatment of cleft palate, Ruth M. Lencione introduces the subject covering incidence, causes, and classification. Richard B. Stark discusses surgery of the primary pharyngeal flap and E. Harris Nober presents a review of the literature on hearing problems. Aubrey L. Ruess examined…

  15. Fulbright-Hayes Seminars Abroad Program, 1993. Morocco and Tunisia. Final Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    America-Mideast Educational and Training Services, Inc., Washington, DC.

    This collection of Fulbright seminar projects focuses on Morocco and Tunisia. The first project (Ruth Brent) gives a descriptive analysis of images from the perspective of an interior design educator. The second project (Eileen Burchell) explores the theme of continuity and change as it is reflected in the contemporary French literature of the…

  16. National Reading Improvement Act, 1973; Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Education of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, U.S. Senate, 93rd Congress, First Session on S. 2069 to Improve National Reading Skills, S. 1318 to Amend the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, to Authorize Reading Emphasis Programs to Improve Reading in the Primary Grades, and for Other Purposes, Sept. 18-19, 1973.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare.

    This report is on the Senate Education Subcommittee Hearing held to consider legislation relating to reading instruction programs and a continuation of a prior hearing on this subject conducted by the subcommittee in April 1973. Witnesses testifying before the subcommittee included: Thomas Little, Herbert Kiesling, Ruth Holloway, Joseph Dionne,…

  17. "Never Knew Literacy Could Get at My Soul": On How Words Matter for Youth, or Notes toward Decolonizing Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Ruth H.

    2013-01-01

    This article is organized as follows. First, the author introduces a few ways to consider and define spoken word in its current cultural and historical form. She then discusses spoken word literacy by bringing in the voices of youth spoken word artists to address further the question of relevance. In doing so, Ruth Kin connects how spoken word…

  18. Optimized Breech Location in the Harry Diamond Laboratories 4-Inch Gas Gun

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-04-01

    Zop,)] 1𔃼 . (2) (3) (4) ’Arnold E. Seigel. Performance Calculations and Op- timization of Gas Guns, Chevy Chase, MD, HDL- CR-81-723-1 (May 1981...189 ATTN S. SUGARMAN GREEN ACRES ROAD WEST VALLEY STREAM, NY 11582 BOEING COMPANY AEROSPACE COMPANY PO BOX 3707 ATTN 8K-38, RUTH E. PERRENBOOM

  19. Learning from Examples via Self-Explanations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-07-13

    14853 Dr. Thomas XL Duff Dr. Meredith P. Crawford .Communicatism Design 3563 Hamlet Place .Center, 160 BH Chevy Chase, MD 20615 CaegsMelon University...Avenue Dr. Ruth Kanter Pttbur~gh, PA 15212 University of Minnesoca Department of Psycholog Dr. DaidT& H. Kraats Elliott HaSUearus of Piycholo 753E

  20. Trainability of Abilities: Training and Transfer of Abilities Related to Electronic Fault-Finding.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-03-01

    Newman Dr. Meredith Crawford 50 Moulton Street 5605 Montgomery Street Cambridge, MA 02138 Chevy Chase, MD 20015 1Dr. Robert Glaser LRDC Dr. Donald...15213 75 E. River Road Minneapolis, MN 55455 1 Dr. Richard S. Hatch Decision Systems Association, Inc. 1 Dr. Ruth Day 350 Fortune Terrace Center for

  1. Knowledge Base Refinement as Improving an Incorrect and Incomplete Domain Theory

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-04-01

    Chevy Chase, MD 20815 Co.re Mason University Washington, DC 00411 Univers.ity, of New England Dept. of Computer Science Department of Psychology 4400...CA 92112-1000 Dr. Ruth Kanter Ms. Julia S. Hougho University of Minnesota Prof. Larry Kerichherg 110 W. Harvey Street Department of Psychology Dept

  2. The Mechanism of Restructuring in Geometry

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-05-01

    Department of Computer Science Yorktown Heights. NY 10598 Technical Document Center Box 168&~ Ststion B AFHRLJLRS-TDC Vanderbilt University Dr. Ruth W...E. Bourne. Jr. Dr. Meredith P. Craweford 4400 University Drive Department of Psychology 3563 Hamlet Place Fairfax. VA 22030 Box 345 Chevy Chase, MD

  3. Ivy League Trailblazer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Kenneth J.

    2011-01-01

    Ruth Simmons made a big news splash a decade ago when she was named president of Brown University, making her the first Black president of an Ivy League institution. She made another splash three years later by naming a committee to investigate Brown's role in the slave trade and make recommendations on possible reparations. Reflecting on her…

  4. The Developing Child: Tools for Monitoring.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Agostino, Micheline

    1991-01-01

    This document examines the use of measurement tools to evaluate children's psychological development. The first part of the document discusses the identification and quantification of developmental landmarks and the reasons for evaluation. The second part reviews several evaluation instruments. The Ruth Griffiths mental development scales are used…

  5. Alcohol on Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACU-I Bulletin, 1984

    1984-01-01

    Alcohol use on campus and strategies colleges are using to educate students about alcohol are considered in two articles. In "When Alternatives Aren't," Ruth Bradford Burnham and Stephen J. Nelson explore the role alcoholic beverages play in young people's social lives and some of the implications for planning social events. They offer a balanced…

  6. "We Need to Make It Easier for People to Change Their Lives"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanistreet, Paul

    2012-01-01

    While her background leading a variety of public, private and voluntary sector organisations was not an obvious preparation for her new role as General Secretary of the Workers' Educational Association, the WEA is, nevertheless, in Ruth Spellman's blood. Her grandfather, who left school at 12, became fully numerate and literate through WEA courses…

  7. Creative Ventures: Women of Substance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flack, Jerry

    2001-01-01

    This article offers suggestions for using biographies of famous women aviators with gifted students. Aviators suggested include Ruth Law, Jacqueline Cochran, Bessie Coleman, Beryl Markham, and Amelia Earhart. Teaching suggestions include creative book sharing, integration with map work, and student projects based on these lives. (Contains…

  8. Shaping a Cohesive Agenda: Next Steps. National Conference on Adult and External Degree Programs. (7th, Memphis, Tennessee, October 7-10, 1987).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance, an Association for Alternative Degree Programs.

    Proceedings of an international conference on adult and external degree programs are presented. Selected papers are drawn from the areas of distance learning, support services, intra-institutional, curriculum, and teaching. They include: "Uses of Distance Education for Graduate Professional Degrees" (Ruth J. Person and Raymond Vondran); "Library…

  9. History. CUNY Panel: Rethinking the Disciplines. Women in the Curriculum Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berkin, Carol Ruth; Howell, Martha C.; Ortiz, Altagracia; Armstead, Myra B. Young; Zinsser, Judith

    This collection of five essays examines the ways in which history, as a discipline, currently reflects ongoing scholarship on gender, race, ethnicity, social class, and sexual orientation. In "Rethinking History," Carol Ruth Berkin reviews the incorporation of social history into elementary, secondary, and postsecondary textbooks. In…

  10. One City, Two Worlds, and Yet...: New York from "Roller Skates" to "Stevie."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendrickson, Linnea

    1998-01-01

    Explores Ruth Sawyer's "Roller Skates" and John Steptoe's "Stevie"--two very different works linked by common themes and settings. Concludes that these works portray children exploring the variety and richness of life in New York City of the 1890s and of the 1960s, and that both emphasize the importance of love, family, and…

  11. Color in the Classroom: How American Schools Taught Race, 1900-1954

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burkholder, Zoe

    2011-01-01

    Between the turn of the twentieth century and the "Brown v. Board of Education" decision in 1954, the way that American schools taught about "race" changed dramatically. This transformation was engineered by the nation's most prominent anthropologists, including Franz Boas, Ruth Benedict, and Margaret Mead, during World War II.…

  12. Creative Dramatics. Beginnings Workshop.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabriel, Julia; Sidlovskaya, Olga; Stotter, Ruth; Haugen, Kirsten; Leithold, Naomi

    2000-01-01

    Presents five articles on using creative dramatics in early childhood education: (1) "Drama: A Rehearsal for Life" (Julia Gabriel); (2) "Fairy Tales Enhance Imagination and Creative Thinking" (Olga Sidlovskaya); (3) "Starting with a Story" (Ruth Stotter); (4) "Using Creative Dramatics to Include All…

  13. 76 FR 44300 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-25

    ... Inspection Act (PPIA) (21 U.S.C. 451, et seq.), and the Egg Products Inspection Act (EPIA) (21 U.S.C. 1031, et seq.). These statutes mandate that FSIS protect the public by ensuring that meat, poultry, and egg...,873. Ruth Brown, Departmental Information Collection Clearance Officer. BILLING CODE 3410-DM-P ...

  14. The Developing Child: Tools for Monitoring.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Agostino, Micheline

    1991-01-01

    This document examines the use of measurement tools to evaluate children's psychological development. The first part of the document discusses the identification and quantification of developmental landmarks and the reasons for evaluation. The second part reviews several evaluation instruments. The Ruth Griffiths mental development scales are used…

  15. Higher Order Thinking: Definition, Meaning and Instructional Approaches.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Ruth G., Ed.

    This publication shares current thinking, research, and practice in the area of higher order thinking skills with home economics educators, including teachers, supervisors, and teacher educators. The first three articles provide general discussions of thinking skills. They are "Introduction" (Ruth Pestle); "Can Higher Order Thinking…

  16. 3rd Annual Disruptive Technology Conference

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-07

    pertaining to globalization and commercialization of science and technology to complement and focus intelligence collection and analysis. Emerging...Capability Electric Systems Mr. Scott Littlefield, PEO Ships Science & Technology Director, Office of Naval Research Panel -- Disruptive Technology Policy...C4ISR Division, Senior Group Vice President, Alion Science & Technology Corporation 8:30am Plenary Session Keynote Speaker: Dr. Ruth

  17. "We Need to Make It Easier for People to Change Their Lives"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanistreet, Paul

    2012-01-01

    While her background leading a variety of public, private and voluntary sector organisations was not an obvious preparation for her new role as General Secretary of the Workers' Educational Association, the WEA is, nevertheless, in Ruth Spellman's blood. Her grandfather, who left school at 12, became fully numerate and literate through WEA courses…

  18. Minimum Requirements for the CUS (Common User Subsystem) Workstation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-04-20

    Defense Technical Information Center 2 copies Cameron Station Alexandria, VA 22314 CSED Review Panel Dr. Dan Alpert , Director 1 copy Center for Advanced...Park Redondo Beach, CA 90278 Dr. Ruth Davis 1 copy The Pymatuning Group, Inc. 2000 N. 15th Street, Suite 707 Arlington, VA 22201 Dr. Larry E. Druffel 1

  19. Book Review: The People.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hammond, Gordon

    1992-01-01

    Reviews "The Micmac: How Their Ancestors Lived Five Hundred Years Ago" (Ruth Holmes and Harold McGee), an illustrated book that shows how Micmac Indians adapted so well to the world. Describes the Micmacs' knowledge of herbs for treating sicknesses and injuries. Explains that the demise of the Micmacs came with new diseases brought to…

  20. Tasks and Language Learning: Integrating Theory and Practice. Multilingual Matters 93.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crookes, Graham, Ed.; Gass, Susan M., Ed.

    Essays on second language teaching focuses on how the kinds of tasks performed by the learner relate to language output. "Choosing and Using Communication Tasks for Second Language Instruction" (Teresa Pica, Ruth Kanagy, Joseph Falodun) contains a taxonomy of communication task types, based on the concepts of goal and activity,…

  1. Language and Music as Communication: A Discussion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Roger; And Others

    1979-01-01

    Roger Brown, Diana Deutsch, Warren Benson, and Ruth Day comment on the similarities and differences between verbal language and music as forms of communication. This discussion occurred at the first session of the National Symposium on the Applications of Psychology to the Teaching and Learning of Music, Ann Arbor. (SJL)

  2. Use of an In Vitro, Nuclear Receptor Assay Panel to Characterize the Endocrine-Disrupting Activity Load of Wastewater Treatment Plant Effluent Extracts

    EPA Science Inventory

    Use of an In Vitro, Nuclear Receptor Assay Panel to Characterize the Endocrine-Disrupting Activity Load of Wastewater Treatment Plant Effluent Extracts Katie B. Paul 1.2, Ruth Marfil-Vega 1 Marc A. Mills3, Steve 0. Simmons2, Vickie S. Wilson4, Kevin M. Crofton2 10ak Rid...

  3. Projects Submitted by Participants of the Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars Abroad Program, 2000 (Poland and Hungary).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2000

    These curriculum projects were developed by participants of the Fulbright-Hays Seminars Abroad Program in Poland and Hungary during the summer of 2000. The following 11 projects are in the collection: "A Thematic Multicultural Interactive School Event on Poland and Hungary: Exploration and Learning for 6-to-9-Year-Olds" (Ruth Albert);…

  4. Images of Women in High Fantasy for Children and Adults: A Comparative Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solomon, Laura

    This paper presents a content analysis of 45 high fantasy novels randomly selected from the outstanding contemporary fantasy list in "Fantasy Literature for Children and Young Adults" (Ruth Nadelman Lynn), which divides high fantasy into three subgenres--travel to other worlds, alternate world/history, and myth. A comparison is made between male…

  5. Non-enzymatic dynamic kinetic resolution of secondary aryl alcohols: planar chiral ferrocene and ruthenium catalysts in cooperation.

    PubMed

    Díaz-Álvarez, Alba E; Mesas-Sánchez, Laura; Dinér, Peter

    2013-01-07

    "Ruth" helps iron! A novel method for the non-enzymatic dynamic kinetic resolution (DKR) of secondary aryl alcohols by the use of the planar chiral ferrocene derivative (+)-1 in combination with the ruthenium racemization catalyst 2 yields acetylated alcohols in high enantioselectivity and yield. This development opens opportunities for new developments in the field of non-enzymatic dynamic kinetic resolution.

  6. Health Issues in the Latino Community.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aguirre-Molina, Marilyn, Ed.; Molina, Carlos W., Ed.; Zambrana, Ruth Enid, Ed.

    This collection of papers includes 6 parts. Part 1, "Latino Populations in the United States," includes: (1) "Latino Health Policy: Beyond Demographic Determinism" (Angelo Falcon, Marilyn Aguirre-Molina, and Carlos W. Molina); (2) "Latino Health Status" (Olivia Carter-Pokras and Ruth Enid Zambrana); and (3)…

  7. 78 FR 57166 - National Institute on Drug Abuse; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-17

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Institute on Drug Abuse; Notice of Closed Meetings... of Committee: National Institute on Drug Abuse Special Emphasis Panel; Ruth L. Kirschstein National...-Wesley, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Office of Extramural Affairs, National Institute on Drug...

  8. U.S. Naval Sea Cadet Corps 2009 Annual Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    Contributions: Naval Sea Cadet Foundation, Inc. Individual Contributors: Estate of June Howell Ruth Ann Montgomery Estate of Rosina F. Campbell...Savage, Jr. John D. Stegman John W. Alger Charles T. Alaimo Al J. Benard W. L. " Babe " Crouch Joseph S. Donnell Patricia Du Mont Timothy Flatley

  9. Blast Loading and Response of Underground Concrete-Arch Protective Structures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1959-06-05

    Retrnles 6 And ’, be vubotantiAted for an undergrowid semicircular arch. then - ruth an arth would b~e otubjected to bending. and its ultimate load...CONCLUSIONS and RECOIVENDATIONS 5.1 CONCLUSIONS The following conclusions are babed on the behaior of :he soil-struc.ture combination de- scribed

  10. Copyright, Patent, and Trade Secret Protection of Software

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-06-01

    i1volved is specifi~ed. Scientific truths, mathematical formulas, principici5 in the abstract, fundamental t~ ruths , original causes, and motie~ cnno...transfers, between after Benson) before the Supreme Court’s the scratchpad registers and the system decision in Parker v. Fook, 437 U.S. 584, 98 babe

  11. Indications and Warning Analysis Management System IWAMS. A Design Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-03-01

    faster and less error-prone analysis. In terms of the models and modeling in the threat recogni- tion stage, a primary design goal for computer- babed ...Heuer, op cit. Sources Heuer draws on include: Fischhoff, Baruch and Seyth, Ruth . "I Knew It Would Happen: Remembered Probabilities of Once-Future Things

  12. Island End River, Chelsea, Massachusetts. Detailed Project Report and Environmental Assessment. Revised,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-02-01

    Karnella of my staff at FTS 837-9338. Sincerely, Ruth Rclhfuz t Acting Branch Chief 3-24 10 MAR 1980 0UNITED STATES DEPARTMEN- OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND...only 10,000 cubic yards out of a total of 130,000 cubic yards, Babed in the above data, it was therefore determined that ocean disposal was the only

  13. 75 FR 27923 - Nonprocurement Debarment and Suspension

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-19

    .... Subpart E-H Subpart I--Definitions Sec. 2000.930 Debarring official. The Debarring Official for the United... 1-800-397-4209, 301-415-4737, or by e-mail to pdr.resource@nrc.gov . Federal Rulemaking Web site...-3412, e-mail ruth.kowarskicooke@nrc.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background On May 11, 2004 (69...

  14. Creative Dramatics. Beginnings Workshop.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabriel, Julia; Sidlovskaya, Olga; Stotter, Ruth; Haugen, Kirsten; Leithold, Naomi

    2000-01-01

    Presents five articles on using creative dramatics in early childhood education: (1) "Drama: A Rehearsal for Life" (Julia Gabriel); (2) "Fairy Tales Enhance Imagination and Creative Thinking" (Olga Sidlovskaya); (3) "Starting with a Story" (Ruth Stotter); (4) "Using Creative Dramatics to Include All…

  15. Distance Education in Southern Africa Conference, 1987. Papers 6: Systems and Strategies in Distance Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adey, David, Comp.; And Others

    Eighteen papers from the University of South Africa's Conference on Distance Education are presented. They include: "Effective Second Language Reading in a Cross-Cultural Society" (Irma Zaslansky); "A BA Degree in Social Sciences at the Israel Open University" (Ruth Beyth-Marom); "Establishing a Theological Education by…

  16. The Gaias (Earth Mothers) of the Ecological/Conservation Movements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradley, Rosa M.; Biermann, Carol A.

    1999-01-01

    Describes the contributions of women who have served as role models in the fields of ecology and conservation. Women discussed include Ellen Richards, Maria Merian, Jane Colden, Mary Chase, Emma Braun, Ann Morgan, Rachel Carson, Eugenie Clark, Sylvia Earle, Wangari Maathai, Dian Fossey, Birute Galdikas, and Ruth Patrick. Contains 26 references.…

  17. Use of an In Vitro, Nuclear Receptor Assay Panel to Characterize the Endocrine-Disrupting Activity Load of Wastewater Treatment Plant Effluent Extracts

    EPA Science Inventory

    Use of an In Vitro, Nuclear Receptor Assay Panel to Characterize the Endocrine-Disrupting Activity Load of Wastewater Treatment Plant Effluent Extracts Katie B. Paul 1.2, Ruth Marfil-Vega 1 Marc A. Mills3, Steve 0. Simmons2, Vickie S. Wilson4, Kevin M. Crofton2 10ak Rid...

  18. Serials Management in the Electronic Era: Papers in Honor of Peter Gellatly, Founding Editor of "The Serials Librarian."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Jim, Ed.; Williams, James W., Ed.

    This book assesses progress and technical changes in the field of serials management and anticipates future directions and challenges for librarians. The book consists of 18 chapters: (1) "Introduction" (Jim Cole and James W. Williams); (2) "Peter Gellatly--Editor with a Deft Touch" (Ruth C. Carter); (3) "The "Deseret…

  19. Capture and Recycling of Sortase A through Site-Specific Labeling with Lithocholic Acid.

    PubMed

    Rosen, Christian B; Kwant, Richard L; MacDonald, James I; Rao, Meera; Francis, Matthew B

    2016-07-18

    Enzyme-mediated protein modification often requires large amounts of biocatalyst, adding significant costs to the process and limiting industrial applications. Herein, we demonstrate a scalable and straightforward strategy for the efficient capture and recycling of enzymes using a small-molecule affinity tag. A proline variant of an evolved sortase A (SrtA 7M) was N-terminally labeled with lithocholic acid (LA)-an inexpensive bile acid that exhibits strong binding to β-cyclodextrin (βCD). Capture and recycling of the LA-Pro-SrtA 7M conjugate was achieved using βCD-modified sepharose resin. The LA-Pro-SrtA 7M conjugate retained full enzymatic activity, even after multiple rounds of recycling.

  20. Cavity Ringdown Absorption Spectrum of the T_1 (n,π^{*}) ← S_0 Transition of 2-CYCLOHEXEN-1-ONE

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zabronsky, Katherine L.; McAnally, Michael O.; Stupca, Daniel J.; Pillsbury, Nathan R.; Drucker, Stephen

    2013-06-01

    The cavity ringdown (CRD) absorption spectrum of 2-cyclohexen-1-one (CHO) was recorded over the range 401.5-410.5 nm in a room-temperature gas cell. The very weak band system (ɛ ≤ 0.02 dm^3 mol^{-1} {cm}^{-1}) in this region is due to the T_1(n, π*) ← S_0 electronic transition. The 0^0_0 origin band was assigned to the feature observed at {24,558.6 ± 0.3 {cm}^{-1}}. We have assigned about 25 vibronic transitions in a region extending from {-200 to +350 cm^{-1}} relative to the origin band. From these assignments we determined fundamental frequencies for several vibrational modes in the T_1 excited state. The table below compares their frequencies to corresponding values measured for CHO vapor in the S_0 electronic ground state (via far-IR spectroscopy) and the S_1(n, π*) excited state (via near-UV CRD spectroscopy). Low-frequency fundamentals (cm^{-1}) of CHO vapor Mode Description S_0 S_1(n,π^*) T_1(n,π^*) 39 ring twist 99.2 122.1 99.5 38 bend (inversion of C-5) 247 251.9 253.2 37 C=C twist 304.1 303.3 247.8 36 C=O wag 485 343.9 345.5 For ν_{39} and ν_{37}, the differences between S_1 and T_1 frequencies are noteworthy. These differences suggest that the electron delocalization associated with the π^* ← n chromophore in CHO is substantially different for singlet vs. triplet excitation. T. L. Smithson and H. Wieser, J. Chem. Phys. {73}, 2518 (1980) M. Z. M. Rishard and J. Laane, J. Molec. Struct. {976}, 56 (2010). M. Z. M. Rishard, E. A. Brown, L. K. Ausman, S. Drucker and J. Laane, J. Phys. Chem. A {112}, 38 (2008).

  1. Doubly Robust and Efficient Estimation of Marginal Structural Models for the Hazard Function

    PubMed Central

    Zheng, Wenjing; Petersen, Maya; van der Laan, Mark

    2016-01-01

    In social and health sciences, many research questions involve understanding the causal effect of a longitudinal treatment on mortality (or time-to-event outcomes in general). Often, treatment status may change in response to past covariates that are risk factors for mortality, and in turn, treatment status may also affect such subsequent covariates. In these situations, Marginal Structural Models (MSMs), introduced by Robins (1997), are well-established and widely used tools to account for time-varying confounding. In particular, a MSM can be used to specify the intervention-specific counterfactual hazard function, i.e. the hazard for the outcome of a subject in an ideal experiment where he/she was assigned to follow a given intervention on their treatment variables. The parameters of this hazard MSM are traditionally estimated using the Inverse Probability Weighted estimation (IPTW, van der Laan and Petersen (2007), Robins et al. (2000b), Robins (1999), Robins et al. (2008)). This estimator is easy to implement and admits Wald-type confidence intervals. However, its consistency hinges on the correct specification of the treatment allocation probabilities, and the estimates are generally sensitive to large treatment weights (especially in the presence of strong confounding), which are difficult to stabilize for dynamic treatment regimes. In this paper, we present a pooled targeted maximum likelihood estimator (TMLE, van der Laan and Rubin (2006)) for MSM for the hazard function under longitudinal dynamic treatment regimes. The proposed estimator is semiparametric efficient and doubly robust, hence offers bias reduction and efficiency gain over the incumbent IPTW estimator. Moreover, the substitution principle rooted in the TMLE potentially mitigates the sensitivity to large treatment weights in IPTW. We compare the performance of the proposed estimator with the IPTW and a non-targeted substitution estimator in a simulation study. PMID:27227723

  2. Origins of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

    PubMed Central

    Roemer, Ruth; Taylor, Allyn; Lariviere, Jean

    2005-01-01

    The World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control originated in 1993 with a decision by Ruth Roemer and Allyn Taylor to apply to tobacco control Taylor’s idea that the WHO should utilize its constitutional authority to develop international conventions to advance global health. In 1995, Taylor and Ruth Roemer proposed various options to WHO, recommending the framework convention-protocol approach conceptualized by Taylor. Despite initial resistance by some WHO officials, this approach gained wide acceptance. In 1996, the World Health Assembly voted to proceed with its development. Negotiations by WHO member states led the World Health Assembly in May 2003 to adopt by consensus the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control—the first international treaty adopted under WHO auspices. The treaty formally entered into force for state parties on February 27, 2005. PMID:15914812

  3. 1965 Annual Typhoon Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-01-01

    RUTH 3. SARAH 4. THELMA 5. VERA 6, WANDA 7. AMY 8. T. D. 9. BABE 10. CARLA 11...FORECASTS NO. OF NO. OF MEAN NO. OF MEAN TYPHOON CASES ERROR CASES ERROR CASES ERROR PATSY WANDA BABE CARLA DINAH FREDA HARRIET Ivl’ JEAN LUCY MARY OLIVE...07.3N IAT 06.8N 06.9N 07.2N LAT 10.5N 10.7N TROPICAL STORM RUTH 21 JAN-25 JAN LONG 150.OE 148.2E 146.3E 144.3E 142.3E 140.6E 139.3E 138.3E 137.6E

  4. Fabrication for Nanotechnology

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-01

    nanotubes • Molecular self assembly for monolayers • Sol- gel process for nanolayers • ALD for semiconductor isolating layers • Nanoimprinting for...Nanolayers: molecular selfassembly: organic molecules • Nanoclays: sol- gel, ceramics • Semiconductor isolating layers: ALD : (Al2O3, TiN, Ru...The currently best developed area is the top-down nanofabrication with its base in the semiconductor industry. This industry is rapidly entering

  5. A Study to Evaluate the Organization and the Operating Procedures of the Patient Assistance Function at Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-08-01

    Winter 1978): 69-75. 18 " Psychsocial Aspects of Health Care: Te Hospital’s Responsibility," Statement - American Hospital Association, 1976. 19 Ruth Rvich...cac*edmIR cteecw •o MAR 7O 4q29 flL. Uk’ I& RESIrCA FORt-26. I DEC 5•. WHICH W.LL DE USED. *U.S.GPO:198 -- 1-,24j205DA MAR 3 4029 -s "- .. 1 NI---Lu nm

  6. Validation Test Report for the BioCast Optical Forecast Model Version 1.0

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-09

    Report D NRL PubiiC&IIon This publlcation~(does) contain military CtltiCIII technology D DIVISION HEAD NAME(~ (::5 SIGNATURE Other (Spccoly): RUTH...transported within the model. This may lead to spurious results in the forecast cycle. This is the Garbage In – Garbage Out (GIGO) principle. The user is...International Symposium on Technology and the Mine Problem, may 17 – 20 Monterey, CA, 2010 Jolliff J., Biological/chemical Forecasting System for Efficient

  7. Good Seeing: Best Practices for Sustainable Operations at the Air Force Maui Optical and Supercomputing Site

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    There are 18 full-time employees , most of whom are technical staff. Operations are dedicated mostly to astronomical research , and outside agencies...Lisa Ruth Rand, Dave Baiocchi Good Seeing Best Practices for Sustainable Operations at the Air Force Maui Optical and Supercomputing Site C O R P O...reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial use. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit www.rand.org

  8. A CRISPR-based MLST Scheme for Understanding the Population Biology and Epidemiology of Salmonella Enterica

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-26

    ES) U.S. Army Research Office P.O. Box 12211 Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2211 CRISPR, Salmonella, molecular subtyping, bacterial genetics ...N. Shariat, R. E. Timme, J. B. Pettengill, R. Barrangou, E. G. Dudley. Characterization and evolution of Salmonella CRISPR-Cas systems...clinical Salmonella isolates, CRISPR Evolution , Mechanisms, and Infection. 17-JUN-13, . : , Nikki Shariat, Ruth Timme, James Pettengill, Rodolphe

  9. Role of Heregulin in the Neovascularization of Breast Carcinoma Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-08-01

    transactivation of estrogen receptor (ER) in human endometrial adenocarcinoma cells". ONCOGENE 23 (28): 4945-4958, 2004. Short communication. 14. Javier A...Phosphatidylinositol 3’-Kinase/AKT Kinase Pathway" Abstract #22. ENH Research Reception September 19, 2002, Evanston (Illinois), USA. 15. Javier Abel...34 Abstract # 12. ENH Research Reception March 20, 2003, Evanston (Illinois), USA. 23. Ruth Lupu, Inderjit Mehmi, Ella Atlas, and Javier Abel Menendez

  10. Minimizing Skeletal Muscle Injury to Ischemia/Reperfusion with Adenosine A3 Receptor Agonists: Role of Matrix Metalloproteases

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-01

    necrosis (Carmo- Araujo et al. 2007). As the most vulnerable tissue in the extremities, ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) can cause significant injury to... Araujo EM, Dal-Pai-Silva M, Dal-Pai V, Cecchini R, Anjos Ferreira AL (2007) Ischaemia and reperfusion effects on skeletal muscle tissue: morphological...of biological chemistry 281: 681-687 Gomis-Ruth FX, Maskos K, Betz M, Bergner A, Huber R, Suzuki K, Yoshida N, Nagase H, Brew K, Bourenkov GP

  11. A Multithreaded Missions And Means Framework (MMF) Concept Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-01

    A Multithreaded Missions and Means Framework ( MMF ) Concept Report by Peter J. Grazaitis and Brian G. Ruth ARL-TR-5948 March 2012...A Multithreaded Missions and Means Framework ( MMF ) Concept Report Peter J. Grazaitis Human Research and Engineering Directorate, ARL Brian G...TYPE Final 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) 1 October 2010–20 September 2011 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE A Multithreaded Missions and Means Framework ( MMF

  12. Facial Expressions of Emotion and the Assessment of Performance

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    AFRL-RH-WP-TR-2010-0114 Facial Expressions of Emotion and the Assessment of Performance Regina M. Schmidt Christienne R. Ruth...To) January 2009 – May 2010 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Facial Expressions of Emotion and the Assessment of Performance 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER In-House...the ability of facial contractions to provide information regarding one‟s decision making capabilities under two emotional stressors. The study was

  13. Full Spectrum Operations: An Analysis of Course Content at the Command and General Staff College

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-01

    cultural norms. Seven percent of lessons involved regional studies on Algeria, Indonesia, Malaysia , the Middle East, and Islam that emphasized the...destruction, unrestricted warfare, and cyber warfare, which do not yet fit neatly within the operational theme construct. Finally, 1 percent explored... Bullis , Ruth Collins, and Christopher Paparone. “Mapping the Route of Leadership Education: Caution Ahead.” Parameters 34, no. 3 (Autumn 2004): 46-60

  14. Enhanced Fuel Cell Catalyst Durability with Nitrogen Modified Carbon Supports

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-02-12

    materials. enrichment in ruthenium with the N-modified samples as compared to the non-implanted commercial and in-house sputtered samples. Over- all we...found a major difference between commercial and sputtered samples with respect to their ruthenium compositions with the results summarized in Table I. In...commercial catalysts, surface ruthenium is distributed between metallic ruthenium (Ru(0), Ru(II), Ru(IV), ruthe- nium oxide RuO2 and hydrous ruthenium

  15. A Strategic Management Plan to Adopt a New Methodology for Treating Total Joint Replacement Patients

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-28

    Health System. I thank the following people for their assistance with the research involved with this project: Marcia Friesen , Ruth Wodia, Karen Koch...hospital is positioned to annually lose approximately $819,808 by year 2010 ( Friesen , 2006). The issue is further compounded by the high number of...Solucient MPP and may be viewed by county in Appendix A. When conducting a structural analysis, Michael Porter’s five forces model is a useful tool in

  16. 1978 Army Library Institute, 22-26 May 1978. Fort Bliss, Texas. A report of the Proceedings

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-10-01

    MEMBERS Dolores M. ANGUIANO Dorothy A. BROOKMAN Eva M. CATHEY M. Louise DOOLEY Judy A. HAWTHORNE Ruth S. JANSSEN Sharon J. KAUFFMAN Rosemary M...FORST Elizabeth T. HINKLE Patricia JARDIN Marie J. LINDSEY Rosemary C. MARLOWE John E. ROSENBERG Erica 0. SALOMON Dianne S. TAPLEY Joyce C...DORSEY Thomas A. GALLANT Rosemary C. MARLOWE RECOMMENDATIONS COMMITTEE Concetta R. ANACLERIO, Chairperson Madge J. BUSEY Lora-Frances DAVIS Agnes L

  17. k2photometry: Read, reduce and detrend K2 photometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Van Eylen, Vincent; Nowak, Grzegorz; Albrecht, Simon; Palle, Enric; Ribas, Ignasi; Bruntt, Hans; Perger, Manuel; Gandolfi, Davide; Hirano, Teriyuki; Sanchis-Ojeda, Roberto; Kiilerich, Amanda; Arranz, Jorge P.; Badenas, Mariona; Dai, Fei; Deeg, Hans J.; Guenther, Eike W.; Montanes-Rodriguez, Pilar; Narita, Norio; Rogers, Leslie A.; Bejar, Victor J. S.; Shrotriya, Tushar S.; Winn, Joshua N.; Sebastian, Daniel

    2016-02-01

    k2photometry reads, reduces and detrends K2 photometry and searches for transiting planets. MAST database pixel files are used as input; the output includes raw lightcurves, detrended lightcurves and a transit search can be performed as well. Stellar variability is not typically well-preserved but parameters can be tweaked to change that. The BLS algorithm used to detect periodic events is a Python implementation by Ruth Angus and Dan Foreman-Mackey (https://github.com/dfm/python-bls).

  18. Maintainability Prediction and Analysis Study. Revision A

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-07-01

    SS- 6b SECTION 1.0 INTRiODUCTION This document presents the results of a study to develop and document an improved maintainability prediction and...include operations on other RIs called out in the jth fault iscolation result . Tmujn Average time to perform the ruth corrective maintenance step for...of the study however, as the resulting time standards are used as Inputs In computing disassembly, interchange, and reassembly times for the

  19. Supplemental Environmental Assessment for the Mid-Bay Bridge Connector Phases 2 and 3, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-08-03

    Mail Station 2A Tallahassee, Fl. 32399 Ms. Barbara Ruth FDEP Northwest District 160 Governmental Center Pensacola, Fl. 32505 Mr. Scott M. Stroh... MCCLINTOCK . Colonel, USAF Commander. 96th Air Base Wing STATE OF FLORJDA By: ~ ~"’ llv* Jim Ve!f. Exceuti’-1 Din:cto<, Mid· Bay Bridge Aulhoriry...Andrews FDEP Aquatic Preserves: Shelley Alexander USFWS: Mary Mittiga The Nature Conservancy: Barbara Albrecht Channing St. Aubin URS

  20. Former Battalion Commander Survey

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-04-08

    sovuument Aesmy. FORMER BATTALION COMMANDER SURVEY BY SB D4 LIEUTENANT COLONEL HAROLD W. LORD, JR. LIEUTENANT COLONEL MICHAEL J. PETRUCCI LIEUTENANT...J. Petrucci & LTC Henry C. Rutf 13a. TYPE OF REPORT 13b. TIME COVERED 14. DATE OF REPORT (Year, Month, Day) 15. PAGE COUNT Group Study FROM TO 91 Apr...GROUP STUDY PROJECT by Lieutenant Colonel Harold W. Lord, Jr., OD Lieutenant Colonel Michael J. Petrucci , AD Lieutenant Colonel Henry C. Ruth, AV

  1. A New Program Structuring Mechanism Based on Layered Graphs.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-12-01

    advisor, Brian Reid. He has been an unfailing source of expertise, whether on technical matters , writing style, document preparation or steak...Lucy Berlin, Linda Kovach and Ruth Ossher. They * ’ saved me valuable time when it mattered most. Special thanks to Linda for - providing friendly and...other objects exist solely to provide them with the services they require, one grouping that immediately comes to mind consists of just two clusters

  2. Development of Parallel GSSHA

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-01

    C en te r Paul R. Eller , Jing-Ru C. Cheng, Aaron R. Byrd, Charles W. Downer, and Nawa Pradhan September 2013 Approved for public release...Program ERDC TR-13-8 September 2013 Development of Parallel GSSHA Paul R. Eller and Jing-Ru C. Cheng Information Technology Laboratory US Army Engineer...5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Paul Eller , Ruth Cheng, Aaron Byrd, Chuck Downer, and Nawa Pradhan 5d. PROJECT NUMBER

  3. Dynamic Linear Solver Selection for Transient Simulations Using Multi-label Classifiers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    Conference on Computational Science, ICCS 2012 Dynamic linear solver selection for transient simulations using multi-label classifiers Paul R. Eller ...preconditioned linear solver as the output. Email addresses: Paul.R.Eller@usace.army.mil (Paul R. Eller ), Ruth.C.Cheng@usace.army.mil (Jing-Ru C...unclassified c. THIS PAGE unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 1524 Paul R. Eller et al. / Procedia

  4. Animal welfare: what has changed in the past 50 years?

    PubMed

    2014-07-12

    The 3(rd) CABI symposium on animal welfare and behaviour was held on June 11, and featured a range of talks on 'animals as machines'. The symposium marked the 50(th) anniversary of the publication of the book 'Animal Machines' by Ruth Harrison. The book decried the conditions experienced at that time by many animals kept in intensive farming systems, and the speakers at the symposium discussed how far animal welfare had come since its publication. Georgina Mills reports.

  5. Automated Control of Endotracheal Tube Cuff Pressure During Simulated Flight

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    associated pneumonia in acute care hospitals : 2014 update. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2014; 35 Suppl 2:S133-S154. 5. Ruth MJ. Pressure changes in...AFRL-SA-WP-SR-2016-0008 Automated Control of Endotracheal Tube Cuff Pressure during Simulated Flight Thomas C. Blakeman...shall be subject to any penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number

  6. Testing the Capacity of the NBDRP EX30701

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-11-01

    Testing the capacity of the NBDRP EX30701 Ruth Wilkins James McNamee Hillary Boulay Greene Farah Flegal Defence R&D...AND SUBTITLE Testing the capacity of the NBDRP EX30701 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT...October 2008 Testing the capacity of the NBDRP – EX30701 Introduction The National Biological Dosimetry Response Plan (NBDRP) is currently

  7. The Effect of "Mentored" Relationships on Satisfaction and Intent to Stay of Company Grade U.S. Army Reserve (USAR) Nurses.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    34 HumanjRelations 49, no. 7, (1996): 947-975. Richard T. Mowday, Lyman W Porter■, and Richard M Steers, Employee- Organizational Linkages: The...1995): 272-277. Mowday, Richard T., Lyman W. Porter, and Richard M. Steers. Employee-Organization Linkages: The Psychology of Commitment...Schemm, Ruth L. and Theodore Bross. "Mentorship Experiences in a Group of Occupational Therapy Leaders." The American Journal of Occupational

  8. Aerobraking Teams

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Group and team photos of Langely's Aerobraking teams. These photo's were taken right after the 75 day aerobraking phase. People in the photographs include: Paul V. Tartabini, Mary Kae Lockwood, Richard W. Powell, Eric M. Queen, Bob Tolson, Alicia Dwyer, Jill Hanna, Michelle Munk, Zack Q. Chavis, dick Wilmoth, Naru Takashima, Ruth Amundsen, John Aguirre, Allison Roberts, Loreyna Young, Charles W. Davis, John Dec, Joe Gasbarre, Scott Striepe, Paul Escalera and G. M. Keating.

  9. The Navy and Marine Corps in Regional Conflict in the 21st Century

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-01-01

    CONFLICT IN THE 21ST CENTURY David R. Heebner, Science Applications International Corporation (retired), Study Chair Seymour J. Deitchman, Chevy Chase...Baciocco, Jr., The Baciocco Group, Inc., Chair Keith A. Smith, Vienna, Virginia, Vice Chair Ruth M. Davis, Pymatuning Group, Inc. Ivan A. Getting...Logistics Management Institute Norval L. Broome, Mitre Corporation Gerald A. Cann, Rockville, Maryland Seymour J. Deitchman, Chevy Chase, Maryland

  10. Israel: Background and U.S. Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-02-29

    Cabinet Ministers Post(s) Incumbent Party Prime Minister, Minister of Economic Strategy, Minister of Pensioner Affairs, Minister of Health , and...6, 2011. 7 Daniel Doron, “Crony Capitalism in Israel,” Wall Street Journal , October 9, 2010. 8 Ruth Levush, “Israel’s Social Protest and the Two...states increasingly supplanted Arab state governments as the primary champions of their people’s cause after Israel’s military occupation of the West

  11. Killer Captains: Producing Company Commanders Who Win Tactical Engagements

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-05-01

    EBSCOhost database (MasterFILE Premier) on the World Wide Web: http://search.epnet.com. Accessed on 18 September 2001. Internet. Cherrington, Ruth, and...Available from EBSCOhost database (MasterFILE Premier) on the World Wide Web: http://search.epnet.com. Accessed on 18 September 2001. Internet. Dixon...33. Available from EBSCOhost database (MasterFILE Premier) on the World Wide Web: http://search.epnet.com. Accessed on 18 September 2001. Internet

  12. Erratum to "Use of oysters to mitigate eutrophication in coastal waters" [Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 151 (2014) 156-168

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kellogg, M. Lisa; Smyth, Ashley R.; Luckenbach, Mark W.; Carmichael, Ruth H.; Brown, Bonnie L.; Cornwell, Jeffrey C.; Piehler, Michael F.; Owens, Michael S.; Dalrymple, D. Joseph; Higgins, Colleen B.

    2015-03-01

    The publisher regrets to inform that the article by Kellogg and colleagues (M. Lisa Kellogg, Ashley R. Smyth, Mark W. Luckenbach, Ruth H. Carmichael, Bonnie L. Brown, Jeffrey C. Cornwell, Michael F. Piehler, Michael S. Owens, D. Joseph Dalrymple, Colleen B. Higgins, Use of oysters to mitigate eutrophication in coastal waters, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Volume 151, Pages 156-168, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2014.09.025.

  13. Optical follow-up of SN 2017eaw

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    D'Avanzo, P.; Wolter, A.; della Penna, F.; Garofolo, S.; Monteverdi, F.; Moreschi, B. E.; Prato, A.; Salimbeni, M.; Zizioli, M.; Covino, S.; Bersanelli, M.; Tomasi, M.

    2017-05-01

    We carried out optical follow-up of the Type II supernova 2017eaw in the nearby galaxy NGC 6946 (ATel #10372, #10374, #10376, #10377) with the 1.3m Ruths telescope of the INAF-Brera Astronomical Observatory sited in Merate (Lecco, Italy) equipped with an SBIG STL-1001E CCD. The observations, carried out under clear sky and seeing of 3", were taken as part of the Astronomy II classes of the Physics Department of the University of Milan.

  14. Women oceanographers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The number of female physical oceanographers holding Ph.D's will grow by at least 15% this year when three female oceanography graduate students at Florida State University (FSU) receive their doctorates, according to James J. O'Brien, FSU professor of meteorology and oceanography and editor of the Oceans section of the Journal of Geophysical Research. The students (see Figure 1), Ruth Preller, Germana Peggion, and Sirpa Hakkinen, have all completed requirements for the doctorate degree.

  15. Improving Diagnostics Capabilities Through Enhanced Maintenance Data Collection

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-12-01

    Assistant Secretary of the Air Force, Communications, Computers and Logistics (SAF/AQK) The Pentagon, Room 4E128 Washington, DC 20330 Dr. Dan Alpert ...Director, Maintenance Policy The Pentagon, Room 3B915 Washington, DC 20301 Mr. Larry Miller 1 * Systems Control Technology 2970 Presidential Drive...0 IDA General Larry D. Welch, HQ 1 Mr. Philip Major, HQ 1 Dr. Robert Roberts, HQ 1 Ms. Ruth Greenstein, HQ 1 Dr. Richard Ivanetich, CSED 1 Ms. Anne

  16. Contributions of Women to U.S. Combat Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-24

    The ship carrying five female officers (Third Officers Martha Rogers , Mattie Pinette, Ruth Briggs, Alene Drezmal, and Louise Anderson) was...were needed to help fill unit vacancies in the military. Congresswoman Edith Nourse Rogers introduced a bill to Congress to establish a Women...perform non-combat duties. Congresswoman Rogers ’ bill created controversy and debate because she advocated equality in both male and female pay and

  17. Concurrent Simulation of the Eddying General Circulation and Tides in a Global Ocean Model

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    accessible sources used for this publication Section Head Branch Head Ho §4/L fjOT^i Gregg A. Jacobs, 7320 ^ llUJUA Division Head Ruth H. Preller...pfesentatron date«• be entered In me puMcatons date babe , to eacorttanc* ’• ’.; - i • •. •;•’’’ : "•’<• ??;ft: •’•; ’/;>.•;.•;. (-3 g$ subject paper

  18. A Comparative Analysis of the Officer Evaluation Systems of the U.S. Army and the U.S. Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-03-01

    A CO9AODW UMD R *T~ W -7..ai%~V.4kp AIR UNl’,IVElsRITYwn UNITED STATES AIR FORCE MAXWELL AIR FORCE BABE , ALBM IIIW 89 1L 09 245 Ali? WAR COLLEGE...Drake, Rodman L., "Leadership: It’s a Rare Blend of Traits," Management Review, August 1985, pp. 24-26. 10. Edwards, Mark R. and Sproull, Ruth J., "Rating

  19. Pearl Harbor: A Failure for Baseball?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crepeau, Richard C.

    The history of sports is closely tied to the larger history of the society in which they are played. Baseball in the United States in the 1920's and l930's assumed a major role in spreading the ideals of fair play, sportsmanship, and democracy to the Far East, with tours by amateur athletes and professionals such as Lou Gehrig and Babe Ruth. Even…

  20. Integrating the Acquisition Team. Proceedings of the Conference Held in Arlington, Virginia on July 14-16, 1986.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-07-16

    Ruth Dewald) 2550 Huntington Ave. Uarren MI 48397-5000 Alexandria VA 22303-1499 (313) 574-8669 ET 786-8669 (703) 960-4900 ET AL mY Aldo Domenichini... Leopold , LTC, USAF Eli Lesser ESD/SCM OASD(A&L)IP&Q ESD/SCM Pentagon, Room 2A318 Hanscom AFB MA 01731 Uashington DC 20301- 617-271-6022 478-5980 (202

  1. [Medical care proxy for an aging woman].

    PubMed

    Shalev, Carmel

    2009-04-01

    Naomi, a 93 year old woman, was hospitalized to undergo surgery after breaking a hip bone, and for rehabilitation in which she regained her ability to walk. She returned to live at home, and after some time raised the subject of dying in a casual conversation with Ruth, her daughter, wanting to express her wishes about future medical care. Ruth had difficulty taLking about the matter, but after Naomi mentioned it once more, she came for a consultation. The consuLtation process ended with Naomi signing a medical care proxy. The paper describes the templates of advance directives and proxy under the Dying Patient Law, 2005, and argues that they impose a medico-legal construction on the patient's will and are not appropriate for the psychosocial process of advance care planning. The paper also describes the medicaL proxy form under the Patient's Rights Law, 1996, and the "living will" of the Israeli Society to Live and Die with Dignity. The objective of the consuLtation process was to allow Naomi to express her wishes in her own Language, and to facilitate communication with Ruth on the sensitive subject of her mother's anticipated death. The paper suggests a need to create a supportive environment for dialogue with relatives, and to foster awareness of the emotional difficulty n thinking and talking about death, if the intention is to clarify a person's wishes with regard to end-of-life medical care.

  2. Effect of Nitrogen Nutrition on Endosperm Protein Synthesis in Wild and Cultivated Barley Grown in Spike Culture

    PubMed Central

    Corke, Harold; Atsmon, Dan

    1988-01-01

    In normal growth conditions, total protein percent (salt soluble plus hordein fractions) in the endosperm at maturity in barley cultivar Hordeum vulgare L. cv `Ruth' was about 14%, whereas in an accession of wild barley, Hordeum spontaneum Koch line 297, it was about 28%. Spike culture experiments were conducted to ascertain whether there were basic differences between the two genotypes under conditions of widely different nitrogen supply. Spikes of each genotype were grown from 8 to 25 days after flowering in in vitro culture in a growth medium containing 0 to 4 grams per liter nitrogen supplied as NH4NO3. Spikes were pulse-labeled at intervals from 12 to 24 days after flowering with 3.7 megabecquerel of [3H]leucine to determine relative rates of synthesis of hordein-1 and hordein-2 polypeptides. At low nitrogen levels `Ruth' had a lower protein content than 297, but at increasing nitrogen levels its protein content increased rapidly and reached a maximum (35%) higher than 297 (30%). The relative contribution of the hordein fraction to total protein increased mainly with time, and hordein-1 to total hordein increased mainly with nitrogen level, in both genotypes. There appeared to be no fundamental limitations in the capacity of `Ruth' to accumulate protein; 297 appears to have a greater basal level of nitrogen availability under normal conditions. Images Fig. 6 PMID:16666176

  3. Effect of nitrogen nutrition on endosperm protein synthesis in wild and cultivated barley grown in spike culture

    SciTech Connect

    Corke, H.; Atsmon, D. )

    1988-06-01

    In normal growth conditions, total protein percent, in the endosperm at maturity in barley cultivar Hordeum vulgare L. cv Ruth was about 14%, whereas in an accession of wild barley, Hordeum spontaneum Koch line 297, it was about 28%. Spike culture experiments were conducted to ascertain whether there were basic differences between the two genotypes under conditions of widely different nitrogen supply. Spikes of each genotype were grown from 8 to 25 days after flowering in in vitro culture in a growth medium containing 0 to 4 grams per liter nitrogen supplied as NH{sub 4}NO{sub 3}. Spikes were pulse-labeled at intervals from 12 to 24 days after flowering with 3.7 megabecquerel of ({sup 3}H)leucine to determine relative rates of synthesis of hordein-1 and hordein-2 polypedtides. At low nitrogen levels Ruth had a lower protein content than 297, but at increasing nitrogen levels its protein content increased rapidly and reached a maximum (35%) higher than 297 (30%). The relative contribution of the hordein fraction to total protein increased mainly with time, and hordein-1 to total hordein increased mainly with nitrogen level, in both genotypes. There appeared to be no fundamental limitations in the capacity of Ruth to accumulate protein: 297 appears to have a greater basal level of nitrogen availability under normal conditions.

  4. Kinetics of Slurry Phase Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

    SciTech Connect

    Dragomir B. Bukur; Gilbert F. Froment; Tomasz Olewski; Lech Nowicki; Madhav Nayapati

    2006-12-31

    The overall objective of this project is to develop a comprehensive kinetic model for slurry-phase Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) employing iron-based catalysts. This model will be validated with experimental data obtained in a stirred-tank slurry reactor (STSR) over a wide range of process conditions. Three STSR tests of the Ruhrchemie LP 33/81 catalyst were conducted to collect data on catalyst activity and selectivity under 25 different sets of process conditions. The observed decrease in 1-olefin content and increase in 2-olefin and n-paraffin contents with the increase in conversion are consistent with a concept that 1-olefins participate in secondary reactions (e.g. 1-olefin hydrogenation, isomerization and readsorption), whereas 2-olefins and n-paraffins are formed in these reactions. Carbon number product distribution showed an increase in chain growth probability with increase in chain length. Vapor-liquid equilibrium calculations were made to check validity of the assumption that the gas and liquid phases are in equilibrium during FTS in the STSR. Calculated vapor phase compositions were in excellent agreement with experimental values from the STSR under reaction conditions. Discrepancies between the calculated and experimental values for the liquid-phase composition (for some of the experimental data) are ascribed to experimental errors in the amount of wax collected from the reactor, and the relative amounts of hydrocarbon wax and Durasyn 164 oil (start-up fluid) in the liquid samples. Kinetic parameters of four kinetic models (Lox and Froment, 1993b; Yang et al., 2003; Van der Laan and Beenackers, 1998, 1999; and an extended kinetic model of Van der Laan and Beenackers) were estimated from experimental data in the STSR tests. Two of these kinetic models (Lox and Froment, 1993b; Yang et al., 2003) can predict a complete product distribution (inorganic species and hydrocarbons), whereas the kinetic model of Van der Laan and Beenackers (1998, 1999) can

  5. KINETICS OF SLURRY PHASE FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS

    SciTech Connect

    Dragomir B. Bukur; Gilbert F. Froment; Tomasz Olewski

    2006-09-29

    This report covers the fourth year of a research project conducted under the University Coal Research Program. The overall objective of this project is to develop a comprehensive kinetic model for slurry-phase Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) employing iron-based catalysts. This model will be validated with experimental data obtained in a stirred-tank slurry reactor (STSR) over a wide range of process conditions. The model will be able to predict molar flow rates and concentrations of all reactants and major product species (water, carbon dioxide, linear 1- and 2-olefins, and linear paraffins) as a function of reaction conditions in the STSR. During the fourth year of the project, an analysis of experimental data collected during the second year of this project was performed. Kinetic parameters were estimated utilizing product distributions from 27 mass balances. During the reporting period two kinetic models were employed: a comprehensive kinetic model of Dr. Li and co-workers (Yang et al., 2003) and a hydrocarbon selectivity model of Van der Laan and Beenackers (1998, 1999) The kinetic model of Yang et al. (2003) has 24 parameters (20 parameters for hydrocarbon formation, and 4 parameters for the water-gas-shift (WGS) reaction). Kinetic parameters for the WGS reaction and FTS synthesis were estimated first separately, and then simultaneously. The estimation of these kinetic parameters employed the Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) method and the trust-region reflective Newton large-scale (LS) method. A genetic algorithm (GA) was incorporated into estimation of parameters for FTS reaction to provide initial estimates of model parameters. All reaction rate constants and activation energies were found to be positive, but at the 95% confidence level the intervals were large. Agreement between predicted and experimental reaction rates has been fair to good. Light hydrocarbons are predicted fairly accurately, whereas the model underpredicts values of higher molecular weight

  6. 8. EARLY PHOTO OF THE CABIN WITH DOG TROT SECOND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. EARLY PHOTO OF THE CABIN WITH DOG TROT SECOND PEN AND CHIMNEY, PORCH, STEPS AND COMPOSITION ROOF. J. T. Young Jr., Annie Ruth Young, Bonnie Marie Young and Nadine Young, relatives of the photograph's donor, appear in the foreground. The structure in front of the house and to the right of the tree is a cage for pet squirrels. 2-1/4 x 2-1/4 copy negative, courtesy of former resident Preston Young. Photographer unknown, 1923. - Thomas Jefferson Walling Log Cabin, Henderson, Rusk County, TX

  7. Discussion of "Representation of People's Decisions in Health Information Systems: A Complementary Approach for Understanding Health Care Systems and Population Health".

    PubMed

    Al-Shorbaji, Najeeb; Borycki, Elizabeth M; Kimura, Michio; Lehmann, Christoph U; Lorenzi, Nancy M; Moura, Lincoln A; Winter, Alfred

    2017-02-01

    This article is part of a For-Discussion-Section of Methods of Information in Medicine about the paper "Representation of People's Decisions in Health Information Systems: A Complementary Approach for Understanding Health Care Systems and Population Health" written by Fernan Gonzalez Bernaldo de Quiros, Adriana Ruth Dawidowski, and Silvana Figar. It is introduced by an editorial. This article contains the combined commentaries invited to independently comment on the paper of de Quiros, Dawidowski, and Figar. In subsequent issues the discussion can continue through letters to the editor.

  8. 75 FR 51465 - Medicare Program; Announcement of Five New Members to the Advisory Panel on Ambulatory Payment...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-20

    ... term expires on September 30, 2010.) Edith Hambrick, M.D., J.D., Chair Ruth L. Bush, M.D., M.P.H. Dawn L. Francis, M.D., M.H.S. Kathleen M. Graham, R.N., M.S.H.A., C.P.H.Q. Patrick Grusenmeyer, Sc.D., M.P.A., F.A.C.H. David Halsey, M.D. Judith T. Kelly, B.S.H.A., R.H.I.T., R.H.I.A., C.C.S. Michael...

  9. International GNSS Service 2017

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Neilan, Ruth; Johnston, Gary

    2017-04-01

    International Global Navigation System (GNSS) Service - 2017 And Current Applications Gary Johnston1, Ruth Neilan2, Steve Fisher2, Chris Rizos3, Chuck Meertens4, Rolf Dach5 1 Geoscience Australia; 2 NASA Caltech JPL; 3 University of New South Wales, Australia; 4 UNAVCO, 5 Astronomic University of Bern, Switzerland This talk will give an update on the International GNSS Service (IGS). Key to these IGS efforts are activities in the many working groups - all quite active - and the overall strategy of the IGS for the next few years. Multi-GNSS and Global GNSS Real-Time aspects will be at the forefront. Please see: Igs.org Igs.org presents

  10. Advancing clinical governance Advancing clinical governance Myriam Lugon Jonathan Secker-Walker The Royal Society of Medical Press Ltd 215 £18.50 1 85315 471 7 1853154717 [Formula: see text].

    PubMed

    2001-10-01

    Making Clinical Governance Work For You sounds like the title of a book which is focused on the 'here and now'. And that is exactly what it is. The authors, Ruth Chambers and Gill Wakley, guide the reader through what they see as the key themes to achieving quality health care. This is certainly recommended reading for nurses who understand that clinical governance is something that they must do, but are unsure of how to do it, and perhaps more importantly, are unsure what to do. Any nurse looking to move on from the basics or simply gain inspiration around one of the current topics of debate should perhaps look elsewhere.

  11. Discussion of “Representation of People’s Decisions in Health Information Systems: A Complementary Approach for Understanding Health Care Systems and Population Health”

    PubMed Central

    2017-01-01

    Summary This article is part of a For-Discussion-Section of Methods of Information in Medicine about the paper “Representation of People’s Decisions in Health Information Systems: A Complementary Approach for Understanding Health Care Systems and Population Health” written by Fernan Gonzalez Bernaldo de Quiros, Adriana Ruth Dawidowski, and Silvana Figar. It is introduced by an editorial. This article contains the combined commentaries invited to independently comment on the paper of de Quiros, Dawidowski, and Figar. In subsequent issues the discussion can continue through letters to the editor. PMID:28144678

  12. The Inhalation Toxicity of Sarin (Gb) Vapor in Rats as a Function of Equilibration Time for Ten Minute Exposures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-10-01

    Mark V. Haley, James H. Manthei, Ruth A. Way, David C. Burnett, Bernardita P. Gaviola, Douglas R. Sommerville, Ronald B. Crosier, Robert J...J.H.; Way, R.A.; Burnett, D.C.; Gaviola, B.P.; Muse, W.T. Jr.; Anthony, J.S.; Durst , H.D.; Sommerville, D.R.; Crosier, R.B.; Thomson, S.A.; and...8. MacFarland, H.N. Respiratory Toxicology. Essays in Toxicology, 1975, 7, pp. 121-153. 9. Brickhouse, M.D.; Rees, M.S.; O’Connor, R.J.; Durst

  13. Guide to Instrumentation Literature

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1955-12-14

    1023. Hubert M. Jamsa, Nathanial B. Nichols and Ralph S. Phillps, editors, 7heory of servomechanisms. McGraw-Hill$ New Yorks 19147. 375 pp. (No. 25P...D. Booth and K. He V. Booth , Automatic Digital calculations. Academic Press, Now York, 1953. 231 pp. 220.. B. V. Bowden, editor, Faster than thoughts...New York, 1953. W44 pp. 31410, Cecil E. Hall, Introduction to electron microscopy. Iic~rau’-HiUp New Yorks 1L9539 1451 pp. 31411o Ruth McClung Jones

  14. Responsibilising managers and clinicians, neglecting system health? What kind of healthcare leadership development do we want?: Comment on "Leadership and leadership development in healthcare settings - a simplistic solution to complex problems?".

    PubMed

    Martin, Graham P

    2015-01-01

    Responding to Ruth McDonald's editorial on the rise of leadership and leadership development programmes in healthcare, this paper offers three arguments. Firstly, care is needed in evaluating impact of leadership development, since achievement of organisational goals is not necessarily an appropriate measure of good leadership. Secondly, the proliferation of styles of leadership might be understood in part as a means of retaining control over public services while distributing responsibility for their success and failure. Thirdly, it makes a plea for the continued utility of good administrative skills for clinicians and managers, which are likely to become all-the-more important given recent developments in healthcare policy and governance.

  15. Higher-order force gradient symplectic algorithms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chin, Siu A.; Kidwell, Donald W.

    2000-12-01

    We show that a recently discovered fourth order symplectic algorithm, which requires one evaluation of force gradient in addition to three evaluations of the force, when iterated to higher order, yielded algorithms that are far superior to similarly iterated higher order algorithms based on the standard Forest-Ruth algorithm. We gauge the accuracy of each algorithm by comparing the step-size independent error functions associated with energy conservation and the rotation of the Laplace-Runge-Lenz vector when solving a highly eccentric Kepler problem. For orders 6, 8, 10, and 12, the new algorithms are approximately a factor of 103, 104, 104, and 105 better.

  16. Alloy Modeling and Experimental Correlation for Ductility Enhancement in Near Stoichiometric Single Crystal Nickel Aluminide

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-07-31

    Here, the charge density at the midpoint between the Ru-Al nearest neighbors is approximately half that for Ru-Ru and the charge transfer from Al to Ru...the Ni-Al-V phase diagram [43], along with the reported existence of a Ni 2AlV Heusler phase [301, indicates that vanadium substitutes for aluminum. In...positions of the B2 structure indicate that the precipitates consist of the Heusler (L2 1) phase (see Figure 21b). In 3 40 F49620-88-C-0052 3 200

  17. Endotracheal Tube Cuff Management at Altitude

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-02-05

    Thomas C. Blakeman, RRT2; Dario Rodriquez Jr., RRT1; Capt Heather Ortiz, RN , FNP-C3; Maj John Eggert, RN1 1U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace...Middle East and is credited with improvements in outcomes (Ingalls N, Zonies D, Bailey JA, et al. A decade of care in the air: review of the first 10... quality , and postsleep performance. Aviat Space Environ Med 2009; 80(8):691-7. 7. Ruth MJ. Pressure changes in tracheal tube cuffs at altitude

  18. Living for the city: voices of black lesbian youth in Detroit.

    PubMed

    Robinson, Amorie

    2010-01-01

    This article aims to raise awareness of some of the psychosocial, emotional, and sociocultural challenges faced by many of the youth who have gravitated to the Ruth Ellis Center and Affirmations Center, both in the Detroit area. Those identifying as Black lesbians express their struggles of negotiating several identities at one time, without the advantage of access to convenient resources and role models. These personal stories may help mental health youth service providers gain insights into the impact of these stressors so that they can adjust their practices toward culturally competent treatment with Black lesbian adolescents and their families. Recommendations for youth-serving professionals will be summarized.

  19. Keystone microbiome meeting 2012: a mountain top experience

    PubMed Central

    Kostic, Aleksandar D; Garrett, Wendy S

    2012-01-01

    The joint Keystone Symposia on ‘Innate Immunity and the Microbiome' took place in March 2012 in Keystone, Colorado. Gabriel Nunez (U. Michigan, USA) and Akiko Iwasaki (Yale U., USA) organized sessions focused on innate immune sensing of microbe and damage signals, whilst Andrew Gewirtz (Georgia State U., USA), Fergus Shanahan (National U. Ireland, Ireland) and Ruth Ley (Cornell U., USA) organized the microbiome-focused session. Joint and concurrent talks, and poster sessions between the groups, made for a sensational meeting with active exchange between participants. This meeting point is focused on the microbiome meeting talks and joint sessions.

  20. The Global Geodetic Observing System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Neilan, Ruth

    2017-04-01

    Global Geodetic Observing System GGOS - 2017 until 2019 International Association of Geodesy (IAG) Ruth Neilan Vice Chair GGOS NASA/Caletch/Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California USA This talk will provide an update on the status of the Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS) and plans for the next years, until 2020. A summary of relationships of GGOS to other relevant international organizations will be defined. For this background, GGOS components work with the the International Association of Geodesy (IAG) and their IAG Scientific Services for integration of applications and their timely provision of data and products for geodesy and geoscience. Please see: http://www.iag-aig.org http://ggos.org

  1. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, Number 22, October-December 1975

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-05-17

    mmmmim-*’ _^__ *»■; ■■,-*»’" ■ I I I I I I I I 1 i 3 j ] 1 S «CESSION lor NTIS WDJte Section BOC Ba« Settton n JUSIjfltAriirl...3000 Program Manager Ruth N ess Tel: (301)770-3000 Short Title of Work: "Soviet Lasers" This research was supported by the Defense Advanced...distribution unlimited. App "nToisTR𔄃" TlON STATEMENT (o ^^nrrr^^^ ^^?Ui;7i^: n ^ ers Laser Tq—KEYWORDS— . s> Gas Lasers ^^^e^uts^ 8 Wrashort

  2. The United Nations’ Plan for Collective Security: Is It Relevant Today

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-06-01

    Charter clearly reflects the US position on the purpose for an international peace organization. ඙Ruth B. Russell and Jeannette E. Muther , A History...Conference. ŕRussell and Muther , p. 1. "’Russell and Muther , p. 2. 󈧟Russell and Muther , p. 8. As reported by Stettinius to President Truman at the end of...referred to as the "Big Powers" [China, France, Great Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union]. ൚Russell and Muther , p. 8. 55 The Big Powers

  3. Uniform Magnetic-Field-Induced Free-Electron Laser in a Waveguide,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-04-01

    IAMB, R., 22900 ATTN LINDSAY, D., 22900 ATTN LITZ , M ., 22900 ATTN RUTH, B., 22900 ATTN WHITTAKER, D., 22900 ATTN MCLEAN, B., 48100 ATTN ELBAUM, S., 97100...wc , is given in terms of the electron gyrofrequency, wS, as Wc=- (4) where M is the electron mass and y is defined as usual, y= _2)-1, 2 - v + (vj)2...probability distribution function for spontaneously generating m free-like photons of any polarization and travel- ling in either positive or negative z

  4. Regional flood reconstruction in Kullu District (Himachal Pradesh, India): implication for Disaster Risk Management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ballesteros-Cánovas, Juan Antonio; Stoffel, Markus; Trappmann, Daniel; Shekhar, Mayank; Bhattacharyya, Amalava

    2016-04-01

    simultaneously in more than two catchments, and that in 15% of the cases more than four catchments were affected. By contrast, 44% of event years were related with one specific catchment, corroborating the assumption that large-scale atmospheric conditions and specific weather and/or geomorphic conditions may operate as triggers of floods in Kullu district. The inclusion of peak discharge data related with these ungauged extreme flood events into the regional flood frequency evidenced that flood hazard was systematically underestimated. Our results allowed to highlight the potential causes of three paradigmatic cases of flood disaster incidents at Kullus district, suggesting that the lack of knowledge on past flood disaster could play an important role in Disaster Risk managment (DRM) at three actors-levels i.e. civil engineering, local authorities and inhabitants. These observations show that reliable DRM implementation is conditioned by lack of data to characterize the flood process, and therefore put in value the palaeohydrological approach used in this study.

  5. First-principles study of alloy formation at Fe/GaAs interfaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zutic, Igor

    2005-03-01

    The combination of the high Curie temperature of Fe, high-quality epitaxial growth of Fe on GaAs, and demonstrated high-efficiency spin injection in GaAs, together make Fe/GaAs heterojunctions very attractive candidates for room-temperature spintronic applications. However, little is known about the structure of Fe/GaAs interfaces, and there is a range of conflicting experimental results describing them---including findings of magnetically dead layers [1], an intermediate FeGaAs phase [2], and bulk-like magnetic moments at the interface [3]. Motivated by these findings, we use density-functional theory to study the structural and magnetic properties of interfaces involving possible alloyed phases occurring between Fe and GaAs. From the calculation of interface formation energies we report results on the stability of various structural and magnetic configurations, and provide microscopic parameters which may be used in studies of spin transport to assess the device potential of these heterostructures. [1] J. J. Krebs, B. T. Jonker, and G. A. Prinz, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 2596 (1987). [2] J. Deputier, R. Guerin, B. Lepine, A. Guivarc'h, and G. Jezequel, J. Alloys Comp. 262, 416 (1997). [3] J. S. Claydon, Y. B. Hu, M. Tselepi, J. A. C. Bland, and G. van der Laan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 037206 (2004).

  6. The Prevalence of Only-Child Status Among Children and Adolescents Referred to a Gender Identity Service Versus a Clinical Comparison Group.

    PubMed

    Hughes, S Kathleen; VanderLaan, Doug P; Blanchard, Ray; Wood, Hayley; Wasserman, Lori; Zucker, Kenneth J

    2016-07-11

    Several studies indicate that homosexual males have a high proportion of older brothers compared to heterosexual males. Natal males with gender dysphoria who are likely to be homosexual also display this sibship pattern. Until recently, there was little evidence linking homosexuality and/or gender dysphoria in females to unique sibship characteristics. Two studies have indicated that natal female youth clinically referred for gender dysphoria are more likely to be only children (Schagen, Delemarre-van de Waal, Blanchard, & Cohen-Kettenis, 2012; VanderLaan, Blanchard, Wood, & Zucker, 2014). However, these studies did not include control groups of youth clinically referred for other reasons. Thus, it is unclear whether the increased likelihood of only-child status is specific to gender-referred natal females. This study compared only-child status among youth referred to a mental health service for gender dysphoria (778 males, 245 females) versus other reasons (783 males, 281 females). Prehomosexual gender-referred males were less likely to be only children than clinical controls. Contrary to previous findings, gender-referred females were not more likely to be only children, indicating that increased likelihood of only-child status is not specific to gender-referred females, but is characteristic of clinic-referred females more generally.

  7. Positioning of microtubule organizing centers by cortical pushing and pulling forces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pavin, Nenad; Laan, Liedewij; Ma, Rui; Dogterom, Marileen; Jülicher, Frank

    2012-10-01

    Positioning of microtubule (MT) organizing centers with respect to the confining geometry of cells depends on pushing and/or pulling forces generated by MTs that interact with the cell cortex (Dogterom et al 2005 Curr. Opin. Cell Biol. 17 67-74). How, in living cells, these forces lead to proper positioning is still largely an open question. Recently, it was shown by in vitro experiments using artificial microchambers that in a square geometry, MT asters center more reliably by a combination of pulling and pushing forces than by pushing forces alone (Laan et al 2012a Cell 148 502-14). These findings were explained by a physical description of aster mechanics that includes slipping of pushing MT ends along chamber boundaries. In this paper, we extend that theoretical work by studying the influence of the shape of the confining geometry on the positioning process. We find that pushing and pulling forces can have centering or off-centering behavior in different geometries. Pushing forces center in a one-dimensional and a square geometry, but lead to off-centering in a circle if slipping is sufficiently pronounced. Pulling forces, however, do not center in a one-dimensional geometry, but improve centering in a circle and a square. In an elongated stadium geometry, positioning along the short axis depends mainly on pulling forces, while positioning along the long axis depends mainly on pushing forces. Our theoretical results suggest that different positioning strategies could be used by different cell types.

  8. Psychology and "the Babe".

    PubMed

    Fuchs, A H

    1998-01-01

    Psychologists and baseball players were among those Americans who formed professional associations in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. Psychologists used laboratory tasks to quantify mental and behavioral processes while sportswriters and baseball organizers measured individual and team performance. The most popular baseball player of the 1920s, George Herman "Babe" Ruth, possessed superior batting skills that were evident in the statistical indices of baseball performance. In 1921, he was brought to the psychological laboratory at Columbia University to perform standard laboratory tasks in an effort to discover the basis for his success in hitting home runs and to suggest the potential of tests for identifying future baseball stars. Baseball's addiction to quantitative indices of performance was thus brought together with a new science devoted to quantitative assessment and a desire to make such assessments useful. The attempt to analyze the basis of Ruth's batting skills is part of the history of applied psychology, sport psychology, and popular interest in the science of psychology.

  9. Report to the Nuclear energy Research Advisory Committee (NERAC) Subcommittee on "Long-Term Isotope Research and Productions Plan" - Responses to Questions

    SciTech Connect

    Ammoniums

    1999-07-01

    This report presents responses to two series of questions that were raised by a subcommittee of the Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee (NERAC) that has been charged with producing a ''Long-Term Isotope Research and Production Plan.'' The NERAC subcommittee is chaired by Dr. Richard Reba, and the Hanford Site Visit team, which comprises a subset of the subcommittee members, is chaired by Dr. Thomas Ruth. The first set of questions raised by the subcommittee on isotope production at the Hanford Site was received from Dr. Ruth on May 10, 1999, and the second set was received from him on July 5, 1999. Responses to the first set of questions were prepared as part of a June 1999 report entitled ''Isotope Production at the Hanford Site in Richland, Washington'' (PNNL 1999a). The responses to these questions are summarized in this document, with frequent references to the June 1999 report for additional details. Responses to the second set of questions from the NERAC subcommittee are presented in this document for the first time.

  10. A comparative assessment of endogenous water institutional change

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pande, Saket; Ersten, Maurits

    2013-04-01

    This paper builds the theory of endogenous institutional change, first proposed by Greif and Laitin (2004), for water scarce regions in context of water institutions. The current emphasis on environmental change, including hydrological change, largely ignores the adaptation of human societies to change. Humans have mostly been considered as boundary conditions or parameters of the dynamics of hydrological change and are not considered as conduits of feedbacks. Nonetheless, the dynamical representation of hydrological change with feedbacks between various components of a system is assuring since it is reminiscent of processual ecological anthropology(Orlove, 1980), except that individual decision making is absent. This paper proposes to consider selected dryland basins of the world, to conceptualize proxies of water relevant socio-economic organisation, such as spatial scales of upstream-downstream cooperation in water use, synthesized over time and then proposes a comparative assessment to test regularities predicted by an extension of river game theory (Ambec and Ehlers, 2008; van der Brink et al, 2012) to endogenous institutional change. References: Orlove, B. S. (1980). Ecological Anthropology. Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 9 (1980), pp. 235-273. Greif. A. and D. D. Laitin (2004). A Theory of Endogenous Institutional Change. American Political Science Review, Vol. 98, No. 4 November 2004. Ambec, S. and L. Ehlers (2008). Sharing a river amongst satiable agents. Games and Economic Behavior, 64, 35-50. Van der Brink, G. van der Laan and N. Moes (2012). Fair agreements for sharing international rivers with multiple springs and externalities. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 63, 388-403.

  11. Variable Selection for Confounder Control, Flexible Modeling and Collaborative Targeted Minimum Loss-Based Estimation in Causal Inference.

    PubMed

    Schnitzer, Mireille E; Lok, Judith J; Gruber, Susan

    2016-05-01

    This paper investigates the appropriateness of the integration of flexible propensity score modeling (nonparametric or machine learning approaches) in semiparametric models for the estimation of a causal quantity, such as the mean outcome under treatment. We begin with an overview of some of the issues involved in knowledge-based and statistical variable selection in causal inference and the potential pitfalls of automated selection based on the fit of the propensity score. Using a simple example, we directly show the consequences of adjusting for pure causes of the exposure when using inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW). Such variables are likely to be selected when using a naive approach to model selection for the propensity score. We describe how the method of Collaborative Targeted minimum loss-based estimation (C-TMLE; van der Laan and Gruber, 2010 [27]) capitalizes on the collaborative double robustness property of semiparametric efficient estimators to select covariates for the propensity score based on the error in the conditional outcome model. Finally, we compare several approaches to automated variable selection in low- and high-dimensional settings through a simulation study. From this simulation study, we conclude that using IPTW with flexible prediction for the propensity score can result in inferior estimation, while Targeted minimum loss-based estimation and C-TMLE may benefit from flexible prediction and remain robust to the presence of variables that are highly correlated with treatment. However, in our study, standard influence function-based methods for the variance underestimated the standard errors, resulting in poor coverage under certain data-generating scenarios.

  12. The whipworm (Trichuris suis) secretes prostaglandin E2 to suppress proinflammatory properties in human dendritic cells.

    PubMed

    Laan, Lisa C; Williams, Andrew R; Stavenhagen, Kathrin; Giera, Martin; Kooij, Gijs; Vlasakov, Iliyan; Kalay, Hakan; Kringel, Helene; Nejsum, Peter; Thamsborg, Stig M; Wuhrer, Manfred; Dijkstra, Christine D; Cummings, Richard D; van Die, Irma

    2017-02-01

    Clinical trials have shown that administration of the nematode Trichuris suis can be beneficial in treating various immune disorders. To provide insight into the mechanisms by which this worm suppresses inflammatory responses, an active component was purified from T. suis soluble products (TsSPs) that suppress---- TNF and IL-12 secretion from LPS-activated human dendritic cells (DCs). Analysis by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry identified this compound as prostaglandin (PG)E2. The purified compound showed similar properties compared with TsSPs and commercial PGE2 in modulating LPS-induced expression of many cytokines and chemokines and in modulating Rab7B and P2RX7 expression in human DCs. Furthermore, the TsSP-induced reduction of TNF secretion from DCs is reversed by receptor antagonists for EP2 and EP4, indicating PGE2 action. T. suis secretes extremely high amounts of PGE2 (45-90 ng/mg protein) within their excretory/secretory products but few related lipid mediators as established by metabololipidomic analysis. Culture of T. suis with several cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors that inhibit mammalian prostaglandin synthesis affected the worm's motility but did not inhibit PGE2 secretion, suggesting that the worms can synthesize PGE2 via a COX-independent pathway. We conclude that T. suis secretes PGE2 to suppress proinflammatory responses in human DCs, thereby modulating the host's immune response.-Laan, L. C., Williams, A. R., Stavenhagen, K., Giera, M., Kooij, G., Vlasakov, I., Kalay, H., Kringel, H., Nejsum, P., Thamsborg, S. M., Wuhrer, M., Dijkstra, C. D., Cummings, R. D., van Die, I. The whipworm (Trichuris suis) secretes prostaglandin E2 to suppress proinflammatory properties in human dendritic cells. © FASEB.

  13. Regression Analysis of a Disease Onset Distribution Using Diagnosis Data

    PubMed Central

    Young, Jessica G.; Jewell, Nicholas P.; Samuels, Steven J.

    2008-01-01

    Summary We consider methods for estimating the effect of a covariate on a disease onset distribution when the observed data structure consists of right-censored data on diagnosis times and current status data on onset times amongst individuals who have not yet been diagnosed. Dunson and Baird (2001, Biometrics 57, 306–403) approached this problem using maximum likelihood, under the assumption that the ratio of the diagnosis and onset distributions is monotonic nondecreasing. As an alternative, we propose a two-step estimator, an extension of the approach of van der Laan, Jewell, and Petersen (1997, Biometrika 84, 539–554) in the single sample setting, which is computationally much simpler and requires no assumptions on this ratio. A simulation study is performed comparing estimates obtained from these two approaches, as well as that from a standard current status analysis that ignores diagnosis data. Results indicate that the Dunson and Baird estimator outperforms the two-step estimator when the monotonicity assumption holds, but the reverse is true when the assumption fails. The simple current status estimator loses only a small amount of precision in comparison to the two-step procedure but requires monitoring time information for all individuals. In the data that motivated this work, a study of uterine fibroids and chemical exposure to dioxin, the monotonicity assumption is seen to fail. Here, the two-step and current status estimators both show no significant association between the level of dioxin exposure and the hazard for onset of uterine fibroids; the two-step estimator of the relative hazard associated with increasing levels of exposure has the least estimated variance amongst the three estimators considered. PMID:17680832

  14. Extreme jet ejections from the black hole X-ray binary V404 Cygni

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tetarenko, A. J.; Sivakoff, G. R.; Miller-Jones, J. C. A.; Rosolowsky, E. W.; Petitpas, G.; Gurwell, M.; Wouterloot, J.; Fender, R.; Heinz, S.; Maitra, D.; Markoff, S. B.; Migliari, S.; Rupen, M. P.; Rushton, A. P.; Russell, D. M.; Russell, T. D.; Sarazin, C. L.

    2017-08-01

    We present simultaneous radio through sub-mm observations of the black hole X-ray binary (BHXB) V404 Cygni during the most active phase of its June 2015 outburst. Our 4 h long set of overlapping observations with the Very Large Array, the Sub-millimeter Array and the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (SCUBA-2) covers eight different frequency bands (including the first detection of a BHXB jet at 666 GHz/450 μm), providing an unprecedented multifrequency view of the extraordinary flaring activity seen during this period of the outburst. In particular, we detect multiple rapidly evolving flares, which reach Jy-level fluxes across all of our frequency bands. With this rich data set, we performed detailed MCMC modelling of the repeated flaring events. Our custom model adapts the van der Laan synchrotron bubble model to include twin bi-polar ejections, propagating away from the black hole at bulk relativistic velocities, along a jet axis that is inclined to the line of sight. The emission predicted by our model accounts for projection effects, relativistic beaming and the geometric time delay between the approaching and receding ejecta in each ejection event. We find that a total of eight bi-polar, discrete jet ejection events can reproduce the emission that we observe in all of our frequency bands remarkably well. With our best-fitting model, we provide detailed probes of jet speed, structure, energetics and geometry. Our analysis demonstrates the paramount importance of the mm/sub-mm bands, which offer a unique, more detailed view of the jet than can be provided by radio frequencies alone.

  15. Treatment with Trichuris suis soluble products during monocyte-to-macrophage differentiation reduces inflammatory responses through epigenetic remodeling.

    PubMed

    Hoeksema, Marten A; Laan, Lisa C; Postma, Juliette J; Cummings, Richard D; de Winther, Menno P J; Dijkstra, Christine D; van Die, Irma; Kooij, Gijs

    2016-08-01

    Helminths have strong immunoregulatory properties that may be exploited in treatment of chronic immune disorders, such as multiple sclerosis and inflammatory bowel disease. Essential players in the pathogenesis of these diseases are proinflammatory macrophages. We present evidence that helminths modulate the function and phenotype of these innate immune cells. We found that soluble products derived from the Trichuris suis (TsSP) significantly affect the differentiation of monocytes into macrophages and their subsequent polarization. TsSPs reduce the expression and production of inflammatory cytokines, including IL-6 and TNF, in human proinflammatory M1 macrophages. TsSPs induce a concomitant anti-inflammatory M2 signature, with increased IL-10 production. Furthermore, they suppress CHIT activity and enhance secretion of matrix metalloproteinase 9. Short-term triggering of monocytes with TsSPs early during monocyte-to-macrophage differentiation imprinted these phenotypic alterations, suggesting long-lasting epigenetic changes. The TsSP-induced effects in M1 macrophages were completely reversed by inhibiting histone deacetylases, which corresponded with decreased histone acetylation at the TNF and IL6 promoters. These results demonstrate that TsSPs have a potent and sustained immunomodulatory effect on human macrophage differentiation and polarization through epigenetic remodeling and provide new insights into the mechanisms by which helminths modulate human immune responses.-Hoeksema, M. A., Laan, L. C., Postma, J. J., Cummings, R. D., de Winther, M. P. J., Dijkstra, C. D., van Die, I., Kooij, G. Treatment with Trichuris suis soluble products during monocyte-to-macrophage differentiation reduces inflammatory responses through epigenetic remodeling. © FASEB.

  16. Variable selection for confounder control, flexible modeling and Collaborative Targeted Minimum Loss-based Estimation in causal inference

    PubMed Central

    Schnitzer, Mireille E.; Lok, Judith J.; Gruber, Susan

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates the appropriateness of the integration of flexible propensity score modeling (nonparametric or machine learning approaches) in semiparametric models for the estimation of a causal quantity, such as the mean outcome under treatment. We begin with an overview of some of the issues involved in knowledge-based and statistical variable selection in causal inference and the potential pitfalls of automated selection based on the fit of the propensity score. Using a simple example, we directly show the consequences of adjusting for pure causes of the exposure when using inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW). Such variables are likely to be selected when using a naive approach to model selection for the propensity score. We describe how the method of Collaborative Targeted minimum loss-based estimation (C-TMLE; van der Laan and Gruber, 2010) capitalizes on the collaborative double robustness property of semiparametric efficient estimators to select covariates for the propensity score based on the error in the conditional outcome model. Finally, we compare several approaches to automated variable selection in low-and high-dimensional settings through a simulation study. From this simulation study, we conclude that using IPTW with flexible prediction for the propensity score can result in inferior estimation, while Targeted minimum loss-based estimation and C-TMLE may benefit from flexible prediction and remain robust to the presence of variables that are highly correlated with treatment. However, in our study, standard influence function-based methods for the variance underestimated the standard errors, resulting in poor coverage under certain data-generating scenarios. PMID:26226129

  17. [Analysis of X-rays of cervical imbalances syndrome before and after the treatment of osteopathy and traction intervention in 187 youth cases].

    PubMed

    Wang, Qing-Fu; Shi, Zong-Ting; Huang, Hu; Du, Chun-Lin; Li, Jun-Hai; Chen, Zhao-Jun; Chen, Li-Ming; Qi, Yin-Ze; Ma, Yu-Feng; Yin, Yue-Shan; Jiang, A-Di-Li; Zhang, Lei

    2013-01-01

    To observe X-ray features of before and after treatment of cervical imbalance syndrome with osteopathy and traction intervention in youth patients, then to investigate the clinical effect of the treatment of the cervical imbalances syndrome in youth by osteopathy. From September 2007 to December 2010, one hundred and eighty-seven students of 19 to 22 years (means 21 years) with neck pain as the main symptom in Beijing university of Chinese medicine were selected and divide them into osteopathy group and traction groups randomly. In osteopathy group, there were 94 patients including 40 males and 54 females; in traction group, there were 93 patients including 42 males and 51 females. The treatment of osteopathy group lasted for 3 weeks,three times per week; traction group by traction treatment three weeks,three times a week, too. X-ray before treatment and 3 weeks after treatment were collected. The osteopathy group:94 cases, before treatment, abnormal curvature in 57 cases, spinous position change in 45 cases and angular displacement in 44 cases, vertebral sliding in 15 cases, Ruth Jackson line intersect proneness change in 70 cases,stretch change in 47 cases; after treatment, abnormal curvature in 35 cases, spinous position change in 24 cases and angular displacement in 18 cases, vertebral sliding in 3 cases, Ruth Jackson line intersect proneness change in 41 cases, extension change in 33 cases; X-Ray measurement results: cervical curvature improved from (7.070 +/- 4.629) degrees before treatment to (7.660 +/- 4.156) degrees after treatment, angular displacement improved from (13.790 +/- 2.590) degrees before treatment to (11.050 +/- 2.560) degrees after treatment; vertebral sliding improved from (3.770 +/- 0.350) mm before treatment to (3.160 +/- 0.485) mm after treatment. The change of angular displacement and vertebral sliding were so significant before and after treatment in this group, there were statistical defferences between before and after the treatment

  18. Information Literacy Advocates: developing student skills through a peer support approach.

    PubMed

    Curtis, Ruth

    2016-12-01

    Since 2013/2014, an Information Literacy Advocates (ILA) scheme has been running at the University of Nottingham as an extracurricular module on the Nottingham Advantage Award programme. The Information Literacy Advocates scheme, which recruits medicine and health sciences students in their second year or above, aims to facilitate development of information literacy skills and confidence, as well as communication, organisation and teamwork, through the provision of peer support. Previous research indicates peer assistance effectively enhances such skills and is valued by fellow students who welcome the opportunity to approach more experienced students for help. This article, written by guest writer Ruth Curtis from the University of Nottingham, provides an overview of administering the ILA scheme and explores its impact on the Information Literacy Advocates, peers and librarians, and discusses future developments for taking the scheme forward. H. S.

  19. The verbal portrait: Erik H. Erikson's contribution to psychoanalytic discourse.

    PubMed

    Capps, Donald

    2011-12-01

    This article makes the case that Erik H. Erikson developed a form of psychoanalytic discourse-the verbal portrait-which, although not unprecedented, became a focal feature of his work, and the testing ground for the cogency of his major contribution to psychoanalysis (the concept of identity). It suggests that Erikson was inspired to develop the verbal portrait because he came to psychoanalysis from art and was, in fact, a portrait artist. Drawing especially on the work of Richard Brilliant, it presents the view that a portrait is a portrayal of the subject's identity and goes on to show how Erikson's memorial to the cultural anthropologist Ruth Benedict is representative of the verbal portrait.

  20. Women of the Manhattan Project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marshall, Jill

    2009-10-01

    In the book Their Day in the Sun, Ruth Howes and Caroline Herzenberg documented more than 1000 women who worked on the Manhattan Project, preserving their legacy for generations to come. At the 2009 Chicago meeting, the AAPT Committee on Women in Physics celebrated the accomplishments of these women and the men who worked beside them. Howes presented an overview of the contributions of women to the development of the first nuclear weapon, and the session was honored with talks from two Manhattan project veterans, Ellen Cleminshaw Weaver, who worked at Oak Ridge, and Dorothy Marcus Gans, who worked as a technician in the Metallurgical Laboratory in Chicago. I will present a summary of the session, analyzing the effect of working on the project on the career trajectories of the women involved, and point listeners toward additional documentation of this history.

  1. What optimization principle explains the zebrafish vasculature?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chang, Shyr-Shea; Baek, Kyung In; Hsiai, Tzung; Roper, Marcus

    2016-11-01

    Many multicellular organisms depend on biological transport networks; from the veins of leaves to the animal circulatory system, to redistribute nutrients internally. Since natural selection rewards efficiency, those networks are thought to minimize the cost of maintaining the flow inside. But optimizing these costs creates tradeoffs with other functions, e.g. mixing or uniform distribution of nutrients. We develop an extended Lagrange multiplier approach that allows the optimization of general network functionals. We also follow the real zebrafish vasculature and blood flows during organism development. Taken together, our work shows that the challenge of uniform oxygen perfusion, and not transport efficiency, explain zebrafish vascular organization. Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award (T32-GM008185).

  2. ANTHROPOLOGY AT WAR: ROBERT H. LOWIE AND THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE CULTURE CONCEPT, 1904 to 1954.

    PubMed

    Bargheer, Stefan

    2017-03-01

    The concept of culture used in American anthropology has fundamentally transformed throughout the first half of the twentieth century. The changing resonance of the work of Robert H. Lowie offers revealing insights into this development. Lowie was part of the first generation of students of Franz Boas that highlighted the importance of individual variation for the study of both primitive and civilized societies. Yet, its initial resonance notwithstanding, the culture concept that prevailed in the discipline went into a different direction as the result of anthropologists' involvement in the war effort. It was advanced by the second generation of Boas' students such as Ruth Benedict and Margaret Mead, who stressed the homogeneity of cultures. The contrast highlights the diversity of approaches available within anthropology in the first half of the century and the crucial impact of World War II in determining which of these possibilities became institutionalized in the decades after the war. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. The five elements and Chinese-American mortality.

    PubMed

    Smith, Gary

    2006-01-01

    D. P. Phillips, T. E. Ruth, and L. M. Wagner (1993) reported that 1969-1990 California mortality data show that Chinese Americans are particularly vulnerable to diseases that Chinese astrology and traditional Chinese medicine associate with their birth years. For example, because fire is associated with the heart, a Chinese person born in a fire year (such as 1937) is more likely to die of heart disease than is a Chinese person born in a nonfire year. However, many diseases were excluded from this study, some diseases that were included have ambiguous links to birth years, and the statistical tests were indirect. A more complete statistical analysis and independent California mortality data for the years 1960-1968 and 1991-2002 did not replicate the original results. Copyright 2006 APA, all rights reserved.

  4. Host Genetic Control of the Microbiome in Humans and Maise or Relating Host Genetic Variation to the Microbiome (2011 JGI User Meeting)

    SciTech Connect

    Ley, Ruth

    2011-03-23

    The U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (JGI) invited scientists interested in the application of genomics to bioenergy and environmental issues, as well as all current and prospective users and collaborators, to attend the annual DOE JGI Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting held March 22-24, 2011 in Walnut Creek, Calif. The emphasis of this meeting was on the genomics of renewable energy strategies, carbon cycling, environmental gene discovery, and engineering of fuel-producing organisms. The meeting features presentations by leading scientists advancing these topics. Ruth Ley of Cornell University gives a presentation on "Relating Host Genetic Variation to the Microbiome" at the 6th annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 23, 2011.

  5. Assessment of phytoplankton diversity as an indicator of water quality

    SciTech Connect

    Yergeau, S.E.; Lang, A.; Teeters, R.

    1997-08-01

    For the measurement of water quality in freshwater systems, there are established indices using macroinvertebrate larvae. There is no such comparable measure for marine and estuarine environments. A phytoplankton diversity index (PDI), whose basic form was conceived by Dr. Ruth Gyure of Save the Sound, Inc., is being investigated as a possible candidate to rectify this situation. Phytoplankton were chosen as the indicators of water quality since algae have short generation times and respond quickly to changing water quality conditions. The methodologies involved in this initial assessment of the PDI are incorporated into the Adopt-a-Harbor water quality monitoring program and its associated laboratory. The virtues of the procedures are that they are simple and quick to use, suitable for trained volunteers to carry out, easily reproducible, and amenable to quality assurance checks.

  6. The Dark Universe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Livio, Mario

    2010-04-01

    1. A brief history of dark matter Vera Rubin; 2. Microlensing towards the Magellanic Clouds Kailash Sahu; 3. Searching for galactic dark matter Harvey Richer; 4. Hot gas in clusters of galaxies and Omega Megan Donahue; 5. Tracking the Baryon density from the Big Bang to the present Gary Steigman; 6. Modified Newtonian dynamics and its implications Bob Sanders; 7. Cosmological parameters and quintessence from radio galaxies Ruth Daly and Eric Guerra; 8. The mass density of the Universe Neta Bahcall; 9. Growth of structure in the Universe John Peacock; 10. Cosmological implications of the most distant supernova (known) Adam Riess; 11. Dynamical probes of the Halo mass function Chris Kochanek; 12. Detection of gravitational waves from inflation Marc Kamionkowski and Andrew Jaffe; 13. Cosmological constant problems and their solution Alex Vilenkin; 14. Dark Matter and dark energy: a physicist's perspective Michael Dine.

  7. Black Holes in Higher Dimensions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horowitz, Gary T.

    2012-04-01

    List of contributors; Preface; Part I. Introduction: 1. Black holes in four dimensions Gary Horowitz; Part II. Five Dimensional Kaluza-Klein Theory: 2. The Gregory-Laflamme instability Ruth Gregory; 3. Final state of Gregory-Laflamme instability Luis Lehner and Frans Pretorius; 4. General black holes in Kaluza-Klein theory Gary Horowitz and Toby Wiseman; Part III. Higher Dimensional Solutions: 5. Myers-Perry black holes Rob Myers; 6. Black rings Roberto Emparan and Harvey Reall; Part IV. General Properties: 7. Constraints on the topology of higher dimensional black holes Greg Galloway; 8. Blackfolds Roberto Emparan; 9. Algebraically special solutions in higher dimensions Harvey Reall; 10. Numerical construction of static and stationary black holes Toby Wiseman; Part V. Advanced Topics: 11. Black holes and branes in supergravity Don Marolf; 12. The gauge/gravity duality Juan Maldacena; 13. The fluid/gravity correspondence Veronika Hubeny, Mukund Rangamani and Shiraz Minwalla; 14. Horizons, holography and condensed matter Sean Hartnoll; Index.

  8. Computer monitoring and control of the GEO 600 gravitational wave detector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Casey, M. M.; Ward, H.; Robertson, D. I.

    2000-10-01

    The GEO 600 gravitational wave detector is at an advanced stage of construction at Ruthe, near Hannover in Northern Germany. Successful long-term stable operation of long-baseline interferometers like GEO 600 will critically depend on continuous monitoring and control of the very large number of interdependent feedback systems involved. We present here a description of the control infrastructure developed for this task for GEO 600. Our solution is based on a combination of purpose-built interfacing hardware, standard local area network-connected personal computers, and control software written using LabVIEW. The software techniques developed allow monitoring of all detector systems and also provide the mechanisms for manual and automated control both locally and from remote internet-connected sites.

  9. After Action Report - Kazakhstan NSDD July 2015

    SciTech Connect

    Fox, Caterina; Eppich, Gary; Kips, Ruth; Knight, Kim; Belian, Anthony; Gray, Paul; Canazaro, B.

    2015-07-25

    On Monday 20 July, Caterina Fox, Ruth Kips and Kim Knight were invited to participate in Kazakhstan's nuclear material inventory management working group meeting coordinated by Alexander Vasilliev as nuclear forensics subject matter experts. The meeting included participants from Kazakhstan's nuclear regulatory agency (CAESC, the Committee on Atomic and Energetic Supervision and Control) and 3 institutes 1. Institute of Nuclear Physics, INP (Almaty), 2. National Nuclear Center, NNC (Kurchatov), and 3. Ulba Metallurgical Plant, UMP (Oskemen). CAESC requested attendance of an MC&A expert, an IT Specialist, and a Physical Security Specialist from each site. The general meeting concerned considerations for creating unified or compatible systems for nuclear material inventory management. NSDD representatives provided an overview of nuclear forensics and presented considerations for developments of inventory management that might be synergistic with future consideration of development of a National Nuclear Forensics Library to support nuclear forensics investigations.

  10. Building public trust: Actions to respond to the report of the Advisory Committee on human radiation experiments

    SciTech Connect

    1997-03-01

    Democratic government requires trust: people need to know and believe that the government is telling the truth. Without information about what the government is doing and why, citizens cannot exercise democratic control over government institutions. During his first year in office, President Clinton became concerned about reports that the government had conducted unethical secret human radiation experiments during the Cold War. To address this issue, in January 1994, President Clinton established the Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments (ACHRE), chaired by bioethicist Dr. Ruth Faden of Johns Hopkins University. The President also directed all Federal agencies to search for records related to human subjects radiation research and provide them to the Advisory Committee. This report presents the Administration`s actions to respond to the ACHRE`s findings and recommendations.

  11. An annotated catalogue of the Iranian Euphorinae, Gnamptodontinae, Helconinae, Hormiinae and Rhysipolinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae).

    PubMed

    Gadallah, Neveen S; Ghahari, Hassan; Achterberg, Kees Van

    2016-01-28

    The Iranian species diversity of five braconid subfamilies, Euphorinae (54 species in 16 genera and 8 tribes), Gnamptodontinae (4 species in 1 genus and 1 tribe), Helconinae (9 species in 5 genera and 2 tribes), Hormiinae (8 species in 4 genera and 2 tribe) and Rhysipolinae (3 species in 2 genera) are summarized in this catalogue. A faunistic list is given comprising both local and global distribution of each species under study as well as host records. In the present study ten new records are added to the Iranian fauna: Centistes (Ancylocentrus) ater (Nees), Centistes cuspidatus (Haliday), Meteorus affinis (Wesmael), Meteorus rufus (DeGeer), Microctonus brevicollis (Haliday), Microctonus falciger Ruthe, Peristenus nitidus (Curtis) (Euphorinae), Aspicolpus carinator (Nees), Diospilus capito (Nees) and Diospilus productus Marshall (Helconinae s.l.). Euphorus pseudomitis Hedwig, 1957 is transferred to the subfamily Hormiinae and Hormisca pseudomitis (Hedwig, 1957) is a new combination.

  12. Extrapolated gradientlike algorithms for molecular dynamics and celestial mechanics simulations.

    PubMed

    Omelyan, I P

    2006-09-01

    A class of symplectic algorithms is introduced to integrate the equations of motion in many-body systems. The algorithms are derived on the basis of an advanced gradientlike decomposition approach. Its main advantage over the standard gradient scheme is the avoidance of time-consuming evaluations of force gradients by force extrapolation without any loss of precision. As a result, the efficiency of the integration improves significantly. The algorithms obtained are analyzed and optimized using an error-function theory. The best among them are tested in actual molecular dynamics and celestial mechanics simulations for comparison with well-known nongradient and gradient algorithms such as the Störmer-Verlet, Runge-Kutta, Cowell-Numerov, Forest-Ruth, Suzuki-Chin, and others. It is demonstrated that for moderate and high accuracy, the extrapolated algorithms should be considered as the most efficient for the integration of motion in molecular dynamics simulations.

  13. A pseudo third order symplectic integrator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Fu-Yao; Wu, Xin; Lu, Ben-Kui

    2005-01-01

    The symplectic integrator has been regarded as one of the optimal tools for research on qualitative secular evolution of Hamiltonian systems in solar system dynamics. An integrable and separate Hamiltonian system H = H0 + Σi=1NɛiHi (ɛi ≪ 1) forms a pseudo third order symplectic integrator, whose accuracy is approximately equal to that of the first order corrector of the Wisdom-Holman second order symplectic integrator or that of the Forest-Ruth fourth order symplectic integrator. In addition, the symplectic algorithm with force gradients is also suited to the treatment of the Hamiltonian system H = H0(q,p) + ɛH1(q), with accuracy better than that of the original symplectic integrator but not superior to that of the corresponding pseudo higher order symplectic integrator.

  14. Editorial: Of Past And Future

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caulfield, H. J.

    1985-06-01

    To John Conant for six hard years of behind-the-scenes work, and To his staff (Barbara DeNapoli, Ann Lear, Ruth Azevedo, and Irene (Breen) for supporting him; To two successive managing editors (Marybeth Manning and Eric Pepper), who maintained the high standards of quality set by their predecessor, Elaine Cherry, Director of Publications 'for the Society; To my predecessor, John DeVelis, for continued encouragement; To my friend, Joe 'aver, Executive Director of SPIE, for his unfailing support; To Aerodyne Research, Inc., and especially to Chuck Kolb and Jim Draper, for six years of support not necessarily visible to anyone but me; To Joe Horner and Winn Gaynor for making "SPIE Reports" exciting and valuable; To the best executive secretary I have ever known, Shirley Fedukowski, for trying so valiantly to keep me organized; To the many contributors, special issue editors, reviewers, and readers of Optical Engineering-Thank you. I have truly appreciated your help.

  15. Kosmische Katastrophen und der Ursprung der Religion.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoyle, F.

    This book is a German translation, by V. Delavre, from the English original "The origin of the Universe and the origin of religion", published in 1993. Contents: E. Sens: Die unterbrochene Musikstunde. Einleitung zur deutschen Ausgabe. C. Ryskamp: Einführung. R. N. Anshen: Vorwort. F. Hoyle: Kosmische Katastrophen und der Ursprung der Religion - Die Folgen der Respektabilität; Eiszeiten und Kometen; Die allgemeine Situation in den Nacheiszeiten; Kometen und der Ursprung der Religionen; Der Übergang zu Mittelalter und Neuzeit. Diskussionsbeiträge: Ruth Nanda Anshen, Freeman Dyson, Paul Oscar Kristeller, John Archibald Wheeler, James Schwartz, Roger Shinn, Milton Gatch, Philip Solomon, Norman Newell. F. Hoyle: Schlußwort. A. Tollmann: Nachwort zur deutschen Ausgabe.

  16. Suicide prevention in the Pacific War (WW II).

    PubMed

    Suzuki, P T

    1991-01-01

    During the war against Japan, there were two facets of an American program to prevent suicide among the Japanese. One was a research component in the Foreign Morale Analysis Division (FMAD), a subunit of the Office of War Information. The principal FMAD figure who did most of the research on Japanese suicide and ways to prevent suicide among the Japanese military was the anthropologist Ruth Benedict, assisted by her Japanese-American aide Robert Hashima. The second facet was the suicide prevention program itself, which was put into effect toward the end of the war in the battles of Saipan and Okinawa. This program of action was undertaken by American GIs. These unheralded activities in suicide prevention merit a place in the annals of suicide prevention programs.

  17. Writing a competitive individual National Research Service Award (F31) application.

    PubMed

    Rawl, Susan M

    2014-01-01

    The National Institutes of Health (NIH) are committed to increasing the number of PhD-prepared persons to meet the demand for well-trained behavioral, biological, and biobehavioral scientists. The Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award (NRSA) individual Predoctoral Fellowship (F31) program provides financial support for full-time PhD students who are committed to research careers in scientific health-related fields relevant to the NIH. This article provides guidance for PhD nursing students who are preparing an individual NRSA application with emphasis on those being submitted to the National Institute of Nursing Research. The advantages of receiving this award are described along with the steps to complete the application. After careful self- and environmental assessments, the task of writing begins in close collaboration with research mentors. Essential components of NRSA applications are described along with strategies for making applications competitive and, ultimately, successful.

  18. Slurry filtration and cake washing after the HCl-leach of magnesite and serpentine—continuous washing model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blackburn, Denis; Nagamori, Meguru

    1994-06-01

    Four different ores of magnesite and serpentine were leached with hydrochloric acid to produce concentrated magnesium chloride liquors. The neutralized slurries were filtered at a constant pressure, and the cakes were washed with water. As for filtration, the mass balance was calculated based on magnesium analyses, while the Darcy-Ruth equation was used to investigate the kinetics and assess the specific resistance of cakes. As for washing, the mass balance and kinetics were accounted for in terms of a continuous mathematical model, which is compatible with the Moncrieff equation. This new model explains well the washing test results. Washing operations can be optimized only in economical terms, and a complete set of mathematical formulae was presented for the optimization procedure.

  19. Vicarious Collecting: A Review of Some Notable Books about Books - and where to acquire them!

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koester, Jack

    Reviews on Milestones of Science, Ruth A. Sparrow, Buffalo Museum of Science, 1972, The Face of the Moon, from the Linda Hall Library, Out of this World - The Golden Age of the Celestial Atlas, Linda Hall Library, including Bayer's Uranometria, Schiller's Coelum Christianum, Hevelius' Firmamentum, Flamsteed's Atlas Coelestis, and Bode's Uranographia, as well as Argelander, Bode, Cellarius, Coronelli, Doppelmaier, Kepler, La Caille, Messier, Piccolomini, and Wollaston, Heavenly Library, Angus MacDonald and A.D. Morrison-Low from Royal Observatory Edinburgh, Library, 1994, Catalogue of the Rare Astronomical Books in the San Diego State University Library, Louis A. Kenney, 1988, and Vanity Fair, from 1869 to 1914, including caricatures of famous astronomers and scientists, such as Airy, Ball, Huggins, and Proctor.

  20. An African theory of bioethics: reply to MacPherson and Macklin.

    PubMed

    Metz, Thaddeus

    2010-12-01

    In a prior issue of Developing World Bioethics, Cheryl Macpherson and Ruth Macklin critically engaged with an article of mine, where I articulated a moral theory grounded on indigenous values salient in the sub-Saharan region, and then applied it to four major issues in bioethics, comparing and contrasting its implications with those of the dominant Western moral theories, utilitarianism and Kantianism. In response to my essay, Macpherson and Macklin have posed questions about: whether philosophical justifications are something with which bioethicists ought to be concerned; why something counts as 'African'; how medicine is a moral enterprise; whether an individual right to informed consent is consistent with sub-Saharan values; and when thought experiments help to establish firm conclusions about moral status. These are important issues for the field, and I use this reply to take discussion of them a step or two farther, defending my initial article from Macpherson's and Macklin's critical questions and objections.

  1. Cyanide Formation by Chromobacterium violaceum

    PubMed Central

    Michaels, Ruth; Corpe, W. A.

    1965-01-01

    Michaels, Ruth (Columbia University, New York, N.Y.), and W. A. Corpe. Cyanide formation by Chromobacterium violaceum. J. Bacteriol. 89:106–112. 1965.—The formation of cyanide by a Chromobacterium violaceum strain was studied with growing cultures and with nonproliferating cells grown in complex and chemically defined media. Most of the cyanide was produced during the log-phase growth of the organism, and accumulated in the culture supernatant fluid. A synergistic effect of glycine and methionine on cyanide formation in a chemically defined medium was observed, and the amount of cyanide formed was found to be dependent on the concentrations of the two substances. Cyanide formation by nonproliferating cells was stimulated by preincubation with glycine and methionine. Cyanide formation by adapted cells in the presence of glycine and methionine was stimulated by succinate, malate, or fumarate, and depressed by azide and 2,4-dinitrophenol. Methionine could be replaced by betaine, dimethylglycine, and choline. PMID:14255648

  2. Cornerstone Documents, Milestones, and Policies: Shaping the Direction of Public Health Nursing 1890-1950.

    PubMed

    Kub, Joan; Kulbok, Pamela A; Glick, Doris

    2015-05-31

    The interplay of policy, milestone events, and cornerstone documents was critical in the evolution of the specialty of public health nursing (PHN) from 1890-1950. Using our contemporary lens, this article examines PHN development from an historical perspective, including events and milestones driving growth in the early 20th century. Some of the challenges faced by our founding public health nursing leadership are not unlike challenges we face today. In 1950, Ruth Hubbard, a former leader in the National Organization of Public Health Nurses and Director of the Visiting Nurse Society of Philadelphia, spoke of the value of examining the past to forge a new future. This article calls for contemporary public health nurses to act upon the lessons learned from the past, to strengthen the renewed focus on prevention, to develop policies that impact population health, and to foster a vision that will guide us into the future.

  3. Use of Seasat synthetic aperture radar and Landsat multispectral scanner subsystem data for Alaskan glaciology studies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hall, D. K.; Ormsby, J. P.

    1983-01-01

    Three Seasat synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and three Landsat multispectral scanner subsystem (MSS) scenes of three areas of Alaska were analyzed for hydrological information. The areas were: the Dease Inlet in northern Alaska and its oriented or thaw lakes, the Ruth and Tokositna valley glaciers in south central Alaska, and the Malaspina piedmont glacier on Alaska's southern coast. Results for the first area showed that the location and identification of some older remnant lake basins were more easily determined in the registered data using an MSS/SAR overlay than in either SAR or MSS data alone. Separately, both SAR and MSS data were useful for determination of surging glaciers based on their distinctive medial moraines, and Landsat data were useful for locating the glacier firn zone. For the Malaspina Glacier scenes, the SAR data were useful for locating heavily crevassed ice beneath glacial debris, and Landsat provided data concerning the extent of the debris overlying the glacier.

  4. Direct estimation of diffuse gaseous emissions from coal fires: current methods and future directions

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Engle, Mark A.; Olea, Ricardo A.; O'Keefe, Jennifer M. K.; Hower, James C.; Geboy, Nicholas J.

    2013-01-01

    Coal fires occur in nature spontaneously, contribute to increases in greenhouse gases, and emit atmospheric toxicants. Increasing interest in quantifying coal fire emissions has resulted in the adaptation and development of specialized approaches and adoption of numerical modeling techniques. Overview of these methods for direct estimation of diffuse gas emissions from coal fires is presented in this paper. Here we take advantage of stochastic Gaussian simulation to interpolate CO2 fluxes measured using a dynamic closed chamber at the Ruth Mullins coal fire in Perry County, Kentucky. This approach allows for preparing a map of diffuse gas emissions, one of the two primary ways that gases emanate from coal fires, and establishing the reliability of the study both locally and for the entire fire. Future research directions include continuous and automated sampling to improve quantification of gaseous coal fire emissions.

  5. Local stability of a five dimensional food chain model in the ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kusumawinahyu, W. M.; Hidayatulloh, M. R.

    2014-02-01

    This paper discuss a food chain model on a microbiology ecosystem in the ocean, where predation process occurs. Four population growth rates are discussed, namely bacteria, phytoplankton, zooplankton, and protozoa growth rate. When the growth of nutrient density is also considered, the model is governed by a five dimensional dynamical system. The system considered in this paper is a modification of a model proposed by Hadley and Forbes [1], by taking Holling Type I as the functional response. For sake of simplicity, the model needs to be scaled. Dynamical behavior, such as existence condition of equilibrium points and their local stability are addressed. There are eight equilibrium points, where two of them exist under certain conditions. Three equilibrium points are unstable, while two points stable under certain conditions and the other three points are stable if the Ruth-Hurwitz criteria are satisfied. Numerical simulations are carried out to illustrate analytical findings.

  6. Testing the Simple Biosphere model (SiB) using point micrometeorological and biophysical data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sellers, P. J.; Dorman, J. L.

    1987-01-01

    The suitability of the Simple Biosphere (SiB) model of Sellers et al. (1986) for calculation of the surface fluxes for use within general circulation models is assessed. The structure of the SiB model is described, and its performance is evaluated in terms of its ability to realistically and accurately simulate biophysical processes over a number of test sites, including Ruthe (Germany), South Carolina (U.S.), and Central Wales (UK), for which point biophysical and micrometeorological data were available. The model produced simulations of the energy balances of barley, wheat, maize, and Norway Spruce sites over periods ranging from 1 to 40 days. Generally, it was found that the model reproduced time series of latent, sensible, and ground-heat fluxes and surface radiative temperature comparable with the available data.

  7. Host Genetic Control of the Microbiome in Humans and Maise or Relating Host Genetic Variation to the Microbiome (2011 JGI User Meeting)

    ScienceCinema

    Ley, Ruth [Cornell University

    2016-07-12

    The U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (JGI) invited scientists interested in the application of genomics to bioenergy and environmental issues, as well as all current and prospective users and collaborators, to attend the annual DOE JGI Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting held March 22-24, 2011 in Walnut Creek, Calif. The emphasis of this meeting was on the genomics of renewable energy strategies, carbon cycling, environmental gene discovery, and engineering of fuel-producing organisms. The meeting features presentations by leading scientists advancing these topics. Ruth Ley of Cornell University gives a presentation on "Relating Host Genetic Variation to the Microbiome" at the 6th annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 23, 2011.

  8. Missile Defense Agency Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS): Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement. Volume 3 Appendices K - N

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    UCS K.2.1 Cahoon Ruth DC_M3880 UCS K.2.1 Cain Art DC_M3371 UCS K.2.1 Calabria Antonio DC_M0629 K.2.1 Calabria Antonio DC_M4089 UCS K.2.1 Calabria... Antonio DC_M4096 UCS K.2.1 Calderon Sheila DC_M7514 UCS K.2.1 Caldwell Kathryn DC_M4556 UCS K.2.1 Caldwell Mary Ellen DC_E0302 K.2.2 Calhoum Mary Laura...2.1 Casanova Ursula DC_M4382 UCS K.2.1 Casey Echo DC_M2521 UCS K.2.1 Casey Julia DC_M7838 K.2.1 Cashner Frances DC_M5025 UCS K.2.1 Caso Mark DC_M1372

  9. Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    UCS K.2.1 Cahn Alma DC_M3467 UCS K.2.1 Cahoon Ruth DC_M3880 UCS K.2.1 Cain Art DC_M3371 UCS K.2.1 Calabria Antonio DC_M0629 K.2.1 Calabria Antonio ...DC_M4089 UCS K.2.1 Calabria Antonio DC_M4096 UCS K.2.1 Calderon Sheila DC_M7514 UCS K.2.1 Caldwell Kathryn DC_M4556 UCS K.2.1 Caldwell Mary Ellen...Frances DC_M5025 UCS K.2.1 Caso Mark DC_M1372 UCS K.2.1 Cason Cynthia DC_M5659 UCS K.2.1 Cason Sherol DC_M6129 UCS K.2.1 Casper Christine DC_M2731 UCS K

  10. Electrocardiograms of Menopausal Women With Coronary Heart Disease or at Increased Risk for Its Occurrence

    PubMed Central

    Wenger, Nanette K.; Mischke, Jennifer M.; Schroeder, Rolf; Schroeder, Klaus; Collins, Peter; Grady, Deborah; Kornitzer, Marcel; Mosca, Lori; Barrett-Connor, Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    Little is known about electrocardiographic (ECG) characteristics of menopausal women with or at increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Data from 10,101 participants in the Raloxifene Use for The Heart (RUTH) trial were used to correlate baseline ECG abnormalities with clinical characteristics. Baseline characteristics that were statistically significantly associated (p ≤ 0.05) with ECG findings in univariate analyses were used to derive multivariate model selection. Of 59% normal electrocardiograms, 50% were from women with CHD and 69% from women at increased risk of CHD. In the women with CHD, 59% reported a previous myocardial infarction (MI); 43% had a normal electrocardiogram, and 49% had a definite ECG Q-wave MI. Women in the increased-risk group had not reported a previous MI, yet 11% had a definite ECG Q-wave MI. Of women reporting hypertension, 35% had ECG evidence of left ventricular hypertrophy, but 58% did not have an abnormal electrocardiogram. Significantly more women with diabetes in the increased-risk and documented CHD cohorts had abnormal electrocardiograms (p < 0.01 for the 2 cohorts). Percent abnormal electrocardiograms increased with increasing age (55 to 64, 65 to 74, and ≥75 years, p < 0.01) in all cohorts. Angina and coronary artery bypass graft surgery, but not percutaneous coronary intervention, predicted an abnormal electrocardiogram. In conclusion, there were high percentages of normal electrocardiograms in the increased-risk and documented CHD groups of RUTH participants, with substantial discrepancy between MI history and ECG MI documentation, and increasing age was the predominant correlate with an abnormal electrocardiogram in all 3 cohorts. PMID:21094358

  11. Citations Prize 2009 Citations Prize 2009

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Webb, Steve; Harris, Simon

    2009-12-01

    Physics in Medicine & Biology (PMB) awards its 'Citations Prize' to the authors of the original research paper that has received the most citations in the preceding five years (according to the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI)). The lead author of the winning paper is presented with the Rotblat Medal (named in honour of Professor Sir Joseph Rotblat who was the second—and longest serving—Editor of PMB, from 1961-1972). The winning co-authors each receive a certificate. Photograph of the 2009 Citations Prize winners Some of the winning authors with their certificates, and Christian Morel with the Rotblat Medal, at the award ceremony in Orsay, near Paris. From left to right are Corinne Groiselle, Lydia Maigne, David Brasse, Irène Buvat, Dimitris Visvikis, Giovanni Santin, Uwe Pietrzyk, Pierre-François Honore, Christian Morel, Sébastien Jan and Arion Chatziioannou. The winner of the 2009 Citations Prize for the paper which has received the most citations in the previous 5 years (2004-2008) is GATE: a simulation toolkit for PET and SPECT Authors: S Jan, G Santin, D Strul, S Staelens, K Assié, D Autret, S Avner, R Barbier, M Bardiès, P M Bloomfield, D Brasse, V Breton, P Bruyndonckx, I Buvat, A F Chatziioannou, Y Choi, Y H Chung, C Comtat, D Donnarieix, L Ferrer, S J Glick, C J Groiselle, D Guez, P-F Honore, S Kerhoas-Cavata, A S Kirov, V Kohli, M Koole, M Krieguer, D J van der Laan, F Lamare, G Largeron, C Lartizien, D Lazaro, M C Maas, L Maigne, F Mayet, F Melot, C Merheb, E Pennacchio, J Perez, U Pietrzyk, F R Rannou, M Rey, D R Schaart, C R Schmidtlein, L~Simon, T Y Song, J-M Vieira, D Visvikis, R Van de Walle, E Wieörs and C Morel Reference: S Jan et al 2004 Phys. Med. Biol. 49 4543-61 Since its publication in 2004 this article has received over 200 citations. This extremely high figure is a testament to the great influence and usefulness of the work to the nuclear medicine community. More discussion of the winning paper can be found on

  12. Computational Investigation of the T_1 (n,π^{*}) State of 2-CYCLOHEXEN-1-ONE

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McAnally, Michael O.; Drucker, Stephen

    2013-06-01

    We have used several computational methods, including TDDFT and EOM-EE-CCSD, to determine the equilibrium geometry and harmonic vibrational frequencies of 2-cyclohexen-1-one (CHO) in its T_1 (n,π^{*}) excited state. Atom displacement vectors for the normal modes indicate that the lowest-frequency vibration, ν_{39}, is best described as a ring-twisting motion, whereas ν_{38} is a ring-bending vibration consisting mainly of C-5 displacement toward and away from the plane in which the other heavy atoms lie. These updated descriptions are transposed with respect to those in the previous literature. The table below shows that the EOM-EE-CCSD harmonic frequencies generally agree well with fundamentals obtained spectroscopically.^b In particular, the ν_{3}9 frequency determined by EOM-EE-CCSD is more accurate than the TDB3LYP result, with errors of +2% and +20%, respectively. This outcome is traceable in part to a larger ν_{39} reduced mass calculated by EOM-EE-CCSD, stemming from a less planar O=C-C=C dihedral angle (170.4° via EOM-EE-CCSD vs. 177.4° via TDB3LYP). Low-frequency fundamentals (cm^{-1}) for CHO in its T_1 (n,π^{*}) state Mode Description TDB3LYP/cc-pVTZ EOM-EE-CCSD/cc-pVDZ Experiment 39 ring twist 119.6 101.4 99.5 38 bend (inversion of C-5) 255.9 272.0 253.2 37 C=C twist 306.9 223.0 247.8 36 C=O wag 359.0 340.2 345.5 The success of EOM-EE-CCSD in this application could be due to its ability to describe multiconfigurational wavefunctions within a single-reference formalism. T. L. Smithson and H. Wieser, J. Chem. Phys. {73}, 2518 (1980) M. Z. M. Rishard, E. A. Brown, L. K. Ausman, S. Drucker, J. Choo, and J. Laane, J. Phys. Chem. A {112}, 38 (2008).

  13. Effects of Aversive Classical Conditioning on Sexual Response in Women With Dyspareunia and Sexually Functional Controls.

    PubMed

    Both, Stephanie; Brauer, Marieke; Weijenborg, Philomeen; Laan, Ellen

    2017-05-01

    association of sex with pain and possibly deficient safety learning play a role in dyspareunia. Both S, Brauer M, Weijenborg P, Laan E. Effects of Aversive Classical Conditioning on Sexual Response in Women With Dyspareunia and Sexually Functional Controls. J Sex Med 2017;14:687-701. Copyright © 2017 International Society for Sexual Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Cognitive-Affective Dimensions of Female Orgasm: The Role of Automatic Thoughts and Affect During Sexual Activity.

    PubMed

    Tavares, Inês M; Laan, Ellen T M; Nobre, Pedro J

    2017-06-01

    of automatic thoughts and of positive emotions experienced during sexual activity. Data were not collected face to face, which constitutes a strength of this study, because it is known that social desirability is lower in self-administered online questionnaires compared with traditional paper-and-pencil questionnaires, particularly for more sensitive sexual issues. The fact that the sample was composed of heterosexual, premenopausal, and relatively young women demands some caution regarding generalization of the present results. The findings support the contribution of cognitive and affective factors to female orgasmic functioning. It is recommended that future research confirm these findings with other samples, particularly clinical samples of women with orgasmic difficulties. Tavares IM, Laan ETM, Nobre PJ. Cognitive-Affective Dimensions of Female Orgasm: The Role of Automatic Thoughts and Affect During Sexual Activity. J Sex Med 2017;14:818-828. Copyright © 2017 International Society for Sexual Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Mercury in the Black Sea - results of the 2013 GEOTRACES MEDBlack cruise

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heimbürger, L. E.; Sonke, J.; Rijkenberg, M. J. A.; Gerringa, L. J.; De Baar, H. J. W.

    2014-12-01

    Inorganic mercury (Hg), whether of natural or anthropogenic origin, can be converted into the neurotoxin methylmercury (MeHg). Today we believe this conversion occurs during the bacterial remineralization of sinking organic matter in the oceanic water column. The Black Sea with its high organic matter inputs and anoxic deep waters is an excellent study site to investigate in more detail the processes yielding MeHg. To date only one vertical profile of Hg species near the Western shelf and one vertical profile in the Western Gyre are published (Lamborg et al. 2008). We will present new results of the 2013 Dutch-led GEOTRACES MEDBlack cruise in the Black Sea. Research vessel "Pelagia" occupied 12 full depth stations along an east-west transect from 13 to 25 July 2013. High resolution vertical profiles were sampled using a titanium ultraclean CTD frame (de Baar et al., 2008) equipped with 24 x 24L PVDF samplers. Samples were filtered (0.2µm, Sartobran 300), drawn into pre-cleaned 250mL Savillex PFA bottles and acidified to 0.4% (v:v) with double-distilled HCl. Dissolved MeHg, as the sum of monomethylHg and dimethylHg, was analyzed via isotope dilution gas chromatography sector field inductively coupled mass spectrometry. Total dissolved Hg was determined following the US EPA 1631 method. We will present high resolution vertical Hg species profiles, including one ultra-high resolution profile (1 sample every 5m-depth) to understand the dynamics along the chemocline (Luther et al., 1991). We will also present the results of the GEOTRACES international intercalibration exercise for dissolved MeHg and dissolved total Hg in surface seawater that we organized during the same cruise. References De Baar HJW, Timmermans KR, Laan P, De Porto HH, Ober S, Blom JJ, Bakker MC, Schilling J, Sarthou G, Smit MG, Klunder M. Titan: A new facility for ultraclean sampling of trace elements and isotopes in the deep oceans in the international Geotraces program. Mar. Chem. 2008, 111

  16. Radium isotopes to investigate the water mass pathways on the Kerguelen Plateau (Southern Ocean)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Beek, P.; Bourquin, M.; Reyss, J.-L.; Souhaut, M.; Charette, M. A.; Jeandel, C.

    2008-03-01

    Natural iron fertilization promotes the phytoplankton bloom that takes place on the Kerguelen Plateau in the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean. We measured 228Ra ( T1/2=5.75 yr) and 226Ra ( T1/2=1602 yr) in waters above the Kerguelen Plateau in order to provide information on the water-mass pathways, which in turn could help elucidate the mechanisms controlling iron fertilization in that area. 228Ra activities are extremely low in this region, being in most cases <0.15 dpm/100 kg (<2.5×10 -18 g/kg). Station A3 (520 m depth), located on the plateau in the middle of the bloom area, also displays such low values but with higher 228Ra activities (and higher 228Ra/ 226Ra ratios) in the upper 150 m. Such a pattern suggests the presence of a water mass that recently interacted with sediments and therefore has been advected onto the Kerguelen Plateau. Elevated 228Ra activities were found in shallow waters in the vicinity of Heard Island, south of the Kerguelen Plateau. Contact of the water masses with the shallow lithogenic sediments likely explains these high 228Ra activities. When combined with physical observations, these results suggest that the water mass advected onto the plateau originates from the south of the Kerguelen Plateau. This northward advection might represent a supply of dissolved and/or particulate Fe for the observed phytoplankton bloom. Using the 228Ra profile obtained at station A3, we could estimate the vertical eddy diffusivity ( K z) on the Kerguelen Plateau. Our K z estimate (1.5×10 -4±1.3×10 -4 m 2/s) compares well with that reported by Park et al. [2008a. Internal tides and vertical mixing over the Kerguelen Plateau. Deep-Sea Research II, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.12.027] based on CTD/LADCP data. By combining this K z estimate with the gradient of dissolved Fe observed at A3 [Blain, S., Sarthou, G., Laan, P., 2008. Distribution of dissolved iron during the natural iron fertilization experiment KEOPS (Kerguelen Plateau, Southern Ocean). Deep

  17. The time-dependent emission of molecular iodine from Laminaria Digitata measured with incoherent broadband cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dixneuf, S.

    2009-04-01

    evidence for coastal iodine particles from Laminaria macroalgae - linkage to emissions of molecular iodine. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 4, 701-713 (2004). [3] Fiedler, S. E., Hese, A., Ruth, A. A. Incoherent broad-band cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy. Chem. Phys. Lett. 371, 284-294 (2003). [4] Vaughan, S., Gherman, T., Ruth, A. A., Orphal, J. Incoherent broadband cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy of the marine boundary layer species I2, IO and OIO. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10, 4471-4477 (2008).

  18. Out of the Shadows

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Byers, Nina; Williams, Gary

    2010-12-01

    Foreword Freeman J. Dyson; Introduction Nina Byers; 1. Hertha Aryton 1854-1923 Joan Mason; 2. Margaret Maltby 1860-1944 Peggy Kidwell; 3. Agnes Pockels 1862-1935 Gary A. Williams; 4. Marie Curie 1867-1934 A. Pais; 5. Henrietta Leavitt 1868-1921 Jean L. Turner; 6. Harriet Brooks 1876-1933 C. W. Wong; 7. Lise Meitner 1878-1968 Ruth Lewin Sime; 8. Emmy Noether 1882-1935 Nina Byers; 9. Inge Lehmann 1888-1993 Bruce A. Bolt; 10. Marietta Blau 1894-1970 Leopold Halpern and Maurice M. Shapiro; 11. Hertha Sponer 1895-1968 Helmut Rechenberg; 12. Irene Joliot-Curie 1897-1956 Hélène Langevin-Joliot and Pierre Radvanyi; 13. Katherine Burr Blodgett 1898-1979 Gary A. Williams; 14. Cecilia Payne Gaposchkin 1900-1979 Vera C. Rubin; 15. Mary Cartwright 1900-1998 Freeman J. Dyson; 16. Bertha Jeffreys 1903-1999 Ruth M. Williams; 17. Kathleen Yardley Lonsdale1903-1971 Judith Milledge; 18. Maria Goeppert Mayer 1906-1972 Steven A. Moszkowski; 19. Helen Megaw 1907-2002 A. Michael Glazer and Christine Kelsey; 20. Yvette Cauchois 1908-1999 Christiane Bonnelle; 21. Marguerite Perey 1909-1975 Jean-Pierre Adloff and George B. Kauffman; 22. Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin 1910-1994 Jenny P. Glusker; 23. Gertrude Scharff Goldhaber 1911-1998 Alfred Scharff Goldhaber; 24. Chien Shiung Wu 1912-1997 Noemie Bencze-Koller; 25. Margaret E. Burbidge 1919 Virginia Trimble; 26. Phyllis Freier 1921-1992 Cecil J. Waddington; 27. Rosalyn S. Yalow 1921 M. S. Dresselhaus and F. A. Stahl; 28. Esther Conwell 1922 Lewis Rothberg; 29. Cecile Dewitt-Morette 1922 Bryce DeWitt; 30. Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat 1923 James W. York Jr.; 31. Vera Rubin 1928 Robert J. Rubin; 32. Mildred S. Dresselhaus 1930 G. Dresselhaus and F. A. Stahl; 33. Myriam Sarachik 1933 Jonathan R. Friedman; 34. Juliet Lee-Franzini 1933 Paolo Franzini; 35. Helen T. Edwards 1936 John Peoples; 36. Mary K. Gaillard 1939 Andreszej Buras; 37. Renata Kallosh 1943 Andrei Linde and Michael Gutperle; 38. Jocelyn Bell Burnell 1943 Ferdinand V. Coroniti and Gary A

  19. Out of the Shadows

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Byers, Nina; Williams, Gary

    2006-08-01

    Foreword Freeman J. Dyson; Introduction Nina Byers; 1. Hertha Aryton 1854-1923 Joan Mason; 2. Margaret Maltby 1860-1944 Peggy Kidwell; 3. Agnes Pockels 1862-1935 Gary A. Williams; 4. Marie Curie 1867-1934 A. Pais; 5. Henrietta Leavitt 1868-1921 Jean L. Turner; 6. Harriet Brooks 1876-1933 C. W. Wong; 7. Lise Meitner 1878-1968 Ruth Lewin Sime; 8. Emmy Noether 1882-1935 Nina Byers; 9. Inge Lehmann 1888-1993 Bruce A. Bolt; 10. Marietta Blau 1894-1970 Leopold Halpern and Maurice M. Shapiro; 11. Hertha Sponer 1895-1968 Helmut Rechenberg; 12. Irene Joliot-Curie 1897-1956 Hélène Langevin-Joliot and Pierre Radvanyi; 13. Katherine Burr Blodgett 1898-1979 Gary A. Williams; 14. Cecilia Payne Gaposchkin 1900-1979 Vera C. Rubin; 15. Mary Cartwright 1900-1998 Freeman J. Dyson; 16. Bertha Jeffreys 1903-1999 Ruth M. Williams; 17. Kathleen Yardley Lonsdale1903-1971 Judith Milledge; 18. Maria Goeppert Mayer 1906-1972 Steven A. Moszkowski; 19. Helen Megaw 1907-2002 A. Michael Glazer and Christine Kelsey; 20. Yvette Cauchois 1908-1999 Christiane Bonnelle; 21. Marguerite Perey 1909-1975 Jean-Pierre Adloff and George B. Kauffman; 22. Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin 1910-1994 Jenny P. Glusker; 23. Gertrude Scharff Goldhaber 1911-1998 Alfred Scharff Goldhaber; 24. Chien Shiung Wu 1912-1997 Noemie Bencze-Koller; 25. Margaret E. Burbidge 1919 Virginia Trimble; 26. Phyllis Freier 1921-1992 Cecil J. Waddington; 27. Rosalyn S. Yalow 1921 M. S. Dresselhaus and F. A. Stahl; 28. Esther Conwell 1922 Lewis Rothberg; 29. Cecile Dewitt-Morette 1922 Bryce DeWitt; 30. Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat 1923 James W. York Jr.; 31. Vera Rubin 1928 Robert J. Rubin; 32. Mildred S. Dresselhaus 1930 G. Dresselhaus and F. A. Stahl; 33. Myriam Sarachik 1933 Jonathan R. Friedman; 34. Juliet Lee-Franzini 1933 Paolo Franzini; 35. Helen T. Edwards 1936 John Peoples; 36. Mary K. Gaillard 1939 Andreszej Buras; 37. Renata Kallosh 1943 Andrei Linde and Michael Gutperle; 38. Jocelyn Bell Burnell 1943 Ferdinand V. Coroniti and Gary A

  20. Early cytokine signatures of ischemia/reperfusion injury in human orthotopic liver transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Sosa, Rebecca A.; Zarrinpar, Ali; Lassman, Charles R.; Naini, Bita V.; Datta, Nakul; Rao, Ping; Harre, Nicholas; Zheng, Ying; Hoffmann, Alexander; Busuttil, Ronald W.; Gjertson, David W.; Zhai, Yuan; Kupiec-Weglinski, Jerzy W.; Reed, Elaine F.

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND. Orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) is the primary therapy for end-stage liver disease and acute liver failure. However, ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) can severely compromise allograft survival. To understand the evolution of immune responses underlying OLT-IRI, we evaluated longitudinal cytokine expression profiles from adult OLT recipients before transplant through 1 month after transplant. METHODS. We measured the expression of 38 cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors in preoperative and postoperative recipient circulating systemic blood (before transplant and 1 day, 1 week, and 1 month after transplant) and intraoperative portal blood (before and after reperfusion) of 53 OLT patients and analyzed this expression in relation to biopsy-proven IRI (n = 26 IRI+; 27 IRI–), clinical liver function tests early (days 1–7) after transplant, and expression of genes encoding cytokine receptors in biopsies of donor allograft taken before and after reperfusion. RESULTS. Bilirubin and arginine transaminase levels early after transplant correlated with IRI. Fourteen cytokines were significantly increased in the systemic and/or portal blood of IRI+ recipients that shifted from innate to adaptive-immune responses over time. Additionally, expression of cognate receptors for 10 of these cytokines was detected in donor organ biopsies by RNAseq. CONCLUSION. These results provide a mechanistic roadmap of the early immunological events both before and after IRI and suggest several candidates for patient stratification, monitoring, and treatment. FUNDING. Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award T32CA009120, Keck Foundation award 986722, and a Quantitative & Computational Biosciences Collaboratory Postdoctoral Fellowship. PMID:27942590

  1. Hostile-Helpless state of mind as further evidence of adult disorganized states of mind in neglecting families.

    PubMed

    Milot, Tristan; Lorent, Andra; St-Laurent, Diane; Bernier, Annie; Tarabulsy, George; Lemelin, Jean-Pascal; Ethier, Louise S

    2014-08-01

    This study aimed to assess disorganized states of mind in a sample of neglecting and at-risk of neglecting mothers using the recently developed Hostile-Helpless (HH) coding system (Lyons-Ruth et al., 2006) for the Adult Attachment Interview (Main & Goldwyn, 1998). The relation between HH states of mind and mothers' childhood traumas was also examined. Participants were 70 neglecting mothers and at-risk of neglecting mothers. Childhood traumas were assessed using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. HH states of mind were coded from Adult Attachment Interview transcripts by two reliable coders. Results revealed a high prevalence of disorganized states of mind in this sample. Forty-five mothers were classified HH, representing 64% of the entire sample. Most mothers reported at least one form of childhood trauma, with a mean of 2.9 different forms of trauma. Mothers classified HH reported having been emotionally abused, sexually abused and physically neglected more frequently than non-HH mothers. There was no difference between neglecting and at-risk of neglect mothers on HH states of mind and childhood experiences of trauma. These findings are in line with theorization on maltreating mothers' psychological background and they provide further empirical support to the validation of the HH classification system with at-risk populations.

  2. Women and Men of the Manhattan Project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marshall, Jill; Herzenberg, Caroline; Howes, Ruth; Weaver, Ellen; Gans, Dorothy

    2010-04-01

    In the early 1990s Ruth Howes, a nuclear physicist on the faculty at Ball State University, and Caroline Herzenberg, a nuclear physicist at Argonne National Laboratory, were asked to write a chapter on the Manhattan Project for a volume on women working on weapons development for the military. Realizing that they knew very little about the women who had been involved in that effort, they embarked on a mission to find out more. Howes and Herzenberg were able to document the wartime contributions of more than 1000 women in Their Day in the Sun,2 preserving this legacy for generations to come. At the 2009 AAPT Winter Meeting in Chicago, the AAPT Committee on Women in Physics celebrated the accomplishments of these women and the men who worked beside them in a session co-sponsored with the History and Philosophy of Physics and the Concerns of Senior Physicists committees. Howes presented an overview of the contributions of women to the development of the first nuclear weapon, and the session was honored with the presence of Manhattan Project veterans Ellen Cleminshaw Weaver, who worked at Oak Ridge, and Dorothy Marcus Gans, who worked as a technician in the Metallurgical Laboratory in Chicago.

  3. Use of NEXRAD to study shorebird migration in the Prairie Pothole region: A feasibility study

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Melcher, Cynthia P.; Skagen, Susan K.; Randall, Lori

    2006-01-01

    An essential component of shorebird conservation is identifying, protecting, and managing high-priority stopover sites and migration habitats crucial to the long-term persistence of migrating shorebirds. Because of the tremendous variability in migrant shorebird occurrence patterns in the Prairie Pothole Region of the U.S. (Skagen 1997), it is labor- and cost-intensive to locate the majority of sites used heavily by shorebirds in any one migration period. Because WSR-88D (Weather Surveillance Radar – 1988 Doppler) or NEXRAD (NEXt generation weather RADar) has been useful for locating migrating birds and revealing migration patterns and important roosting sites of some species (e.g., Diehl and others 2003, Gauthreaux and Belser 2003), we undertook a pilot field study to determine wheTHER it also might be feasible to use NEXRAD for locating important stopover sites used by migrating shorebirds in the prairie potholes landscape. Coordinated efforts to advance the applicability of radar technology to bird conservation are underway (Ruth and others 2005).

  4. Migrants' Health in Iran from the Perspective of Social Justice: a Systematic Literature Review.

    PubMed

    Shamsi Gooshki, Ehsan; Rezaei, Raheleh; Wild, Verina

    2016-10-01

    This paper presents a systematic literature review of studies that shed light on the health of migrants in Iran from the perspective of social justice. A systematic search was conducted in PubMed and Iranian databases, including IranMedex, Magiran, and SID, in June 2012. All studies that were published until June 2012 describing the health status of migrants - including refugees - in Iran were included. The search results were categorisoyed according to an adapted version of the six dimensions of well-being in Madison Powers' and Ruth Faden's theory of social justice in health. They consisted of access to health care, health, respect, self-determination and attachment, personal security, and social determinants of health. The majority of papers mentioned issues related to infectious diseases (100 papers, 60.2%). Only a few papers mentioned socioeconomic status and access to health services, education, and work. Infectious diseases and high population growth among migrants and the problematic image of migrants as "threat" to the Iranian population's health appear to be the most prominent results in our search. It is imperative to combat the high numbers of infectious diseases among migrants in Iran while simultaneously making efforts to change the public image of migrants as a health and social service threat to Iran. Data concerning social and ethical issues of migrants' health in Iran is scarce, and thus, future research is necessary using other methods and sources.

  5. Spatial density and movement of the Lygus spp. parasitoid Peristenus relictus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) in organic strawberries with alfalfa trap crops.

    PubMed

    Swezey, Sean L; Nieto, Diego J; Pickett, Charles H; Hagler, James R; Bryer, Janet A; Machtley, Scott A

    2014-04-01

    Alfalfa trap crops are currently used to manage Lygus spp. in organic strawberry fields on the California Central Coast. The retention of Lygus spp. in alfalfa creates aggregated distributions that provide improved opportunities for biological control by the introduced parasitoid Peristenus relictus (Ruthe). The abundance and distribution of P. relictus between two trap crops separated by 50 strawberry rows were analyzed in 2008 and 2010. Parasitism of Lygus spp. nymphs by P. relictus (measured by larval abundance and % parasitism) was greatest in alfalfa trap crops compared with strawberry rows. A significantly positive correlation between host nymphs and P. relictus larvae in and between trap crops was found. Movement of P. relictus adults from a marked alfalfa trap crop into adjacent strawberry rows or trap crops was also studied in 2008 and 2009 using a chicken egg-albumin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay mark-capture technique. In 2008 and 2009, 85 and 49% of protein-marked wasps were captured from central trap crops, respectively, indicating that alfalfa trap crops act as a concentrated "host-density anchor" in organic strawberry fields.

  6. Ugandan study shows no link between coercion and HIV.

    PubMed

    1998-07-01

    Lynn Paxton, of the Rakai Project, told an oral session that, based on the results of her study of HIV infection and female coercion in Uganda, fear of HIV infection does not appear to affect men's likelihood of coercing sex or women's likelihood of refusing sex; no difference was found in HIV prevalence between men and women reporting coercion and those who did not. Almost 25% of the 5000 women who were interviewed reported being coerced; 10% of the 4000 men in the study reported coercing their partners. Most coercive relationships were between spouses. Ana Maria Pluciennik, of Sao Paulo Health Services, reported that cases of HIV were increasing among Brazilian women. In 1983, cases in men outnumbered cases in women by 16 to 1; in 1996, the ratio was 3:1. Pluciennik recommended the following: 1) training courses concerning sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) for maternity clinic staff; 2) dissemination of information on family planning, and on prenatal and delivery care; and 3) distribution of educational materials and condoms. A study of mothers and daughters in Puerto Rico, where AIDS is the leading cause of death among women aged 20-39 and where 20% of live births are to teenage mothers, revealed a lack of knowledge about STDs and HIV and an absence of communication about sex. Ruth Nina-Estrella said the girls described an ideal of open communication that was far from reality.

  7. Health care law versus constitutional law.

    PubMed

    Hall, Mark A

    2013-04-01

    National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, the Supreme Court's ruling on the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, is a landmark decision - both for constitutional law and for health care law and policy. Others will study its implications for constitutional limits on a range of federal powers beyond health care. This article considers to what extent the decision is also about health care law, properly conceived. Under one view, health care law is the subdiscipline that inquires how courts and government actors take account of the special features of medicine that make legal or policy issues especially problematic - rather than regarding health care delivery and finance more generically, like most any other economic or social enterprise. Viewed this way, the opinions from the Court's conservative justices are mainly about general constitutional law principles. In contrast, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg's dissenting opinion for the four more liberal justices is just as much about health care law as it is about constitutional law. Her opinion gives detailed attention to the unique features of health care finance and delivery in order to inform her analysis of constitutional precedents and principles. Thus, the Court's multiple opinions give a vivid depiction of the compelling contrasts between communal versus individualistic conceptions of caring for those in need, and between health care and health insurance as ordinary commodities versus ones that merit special economic, social, and legal status.

  8. [Introduction of shock therapy and psychiatric emigration].

    PubMed

    Peters, U H

    1992-09-01

    The introduction and general acceptance of shock treatment was intimately connected with the emigration of psychiatrists from the German speaking countries in 1933-1938. In 1934 Manfred Sakel began in Vienna, possibly already in 1933 in Berlin, with insulin shock treatment, and later emigrated to the US. From 1936 Max Müller in Münsingen, Switzerland, practised and propagated the same treatment. Many psychiatric emigrants, on their way to their new countries, visited Münsingen to learn the methods and take them to their future countries of residence (e.g. Lucie Jessner, Gertrude May-Gross, Martin Gross, Ruth Wilmanns, Arthur Kronfeld, Justin Hans Adler and Jacob Peter Frostig). In 1934 Ladislas von Meduna, who emigrated to Chicago in 1939, using campher and Cardiazol also introduced the convulsion treatment. After Cerletti and Bini in Rome had changed the method of provoking convulsions by using electric current, other psychiatric emigrants (Lothar Kalinowsky, Fritz Kant, William Karlinger, Lilly Ottenheimer, Max Rinkel, among others) introduced this method to many countries. In addition, Wagner-Jauregg's best known collaborators for the well-introduced malaria therapy, also had to emigrate. Among these are Helene Deutsch, Josef Gerstmann, Bernhard Dattner and Martha Brünner-Ornstein. The review of life and work of the psychiatrists concerned, before and after emigration, has been complemented by unpublished material.

  9. Does ethical theory have a future in bioethics?

    PubMed

    Beauchamp, Tom L

    2004-01-01

    Although there has long been a successful and stable marriage between philosophical ethical theory and bioethics, the marriage has become shaky as bioethics has become a more interdisciplinary and practical field. A practical price is paid for theoretical generality in philosophy. It is often unclear whether and, if so, how theory is to be brought to bear on dilemmatic problems, public policy, moral controversies, and moral conflict. Three clearly philosophical problems are used to see how philosophers are doing in handling practical problems: Cultural Relativity, and Moral Universality, Moral Justification, and Conceptual Analysis. In each case it is argued that philosophers need to develop theories and methods more closely attuned to practice. The work of philosophers such as Ruth Macklin, Norman Daniels, and Gerald Dworkin is examined. In the writings of each there is major methological gap between philosophical theory (or method) and practical conclusions. The future of philosophical ethics in interdisciplinary bioethics may turn on whether such gaps can be closed. If not, bioethics may justifiably conclude that philosophy is of little value.

  10. A conceptual model of cyclical glacier flow in overdeepenings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Turrin, J. B.; Forster, R. R.

    2014-08-01

    A nearly four-decade, satellite-based velocity survey of the largest glaciers in the Alaska Range, Chugach Mountains, and the Wrangell Mountains of southern Alaska, spanning the early- to mid-1970s through the 2000s, reveals nine pulsing glaciers: Capps, Copper, Eldridge, Kahiltna, Matanuska, Nabesna, Nizina, Ruth, and Sanford glaciers. The pulses increase velocity by up to 2449% (Capps Glacier) or as little as 77% (Nabesna Glacier), with velocity increases for the other glaciers in the range of 100-250%. The pulses may last from between six years (Copper Glacier) to 12 years (Nizina Glacier) and consist of a multi-year acceleration phase followed by a multi-year deceleration phase during which significant portions of each glacier move en masse. The segments of each glacier affected by the pulses may be anywhere from 14 km (Sanford Glacier) to 36 km (Nabesna Glacier) in length and occur where the glaciers are either laterally constricted or joined by a major tributary, and the surface slopes at these locations are very shallow, 1-2°, suggesting the pulses occur where the glaciers are overdeepened. A conceptual model to explain the cyclical behavior of these pulsing glaciers is presented that incorporates the effects of glaciohydraulic supercooling, glacier dynamics, surface ablation, and subglacial sediment erosion, deposition, and deformation in overdeepenings.

  11. Improving Cancer Care Through Nursing Research.

    PubMed

    Mayer, Deborah K

    2015-09-01

    Nursing research and nurse researchers have been an integral and significant part of the Oncology Nursing Society's (ONS's) history, as evidenced by the development of the Nursing Research Committee within a few years of ONS's establishment. Ruth McCorkle, PhD, RN, FAAN, was the committee's first chairperson in 1979. This was followed by the creation of the Advanced Nursing Research Special Interest Group in 1989 under the leadership of Jean Brown, PhD, RN, FAAN. ONS also began to recognize nurse researchers in 1994 by creating the annual ONS Distinguished Researcher Award to recognize the contributions of a member who has conducted or promoted research that has enhanced the science and practice of oncology nursing. The list of recipients and of their work is impressive and reflects the wide range of our practice areas (see http://bit.ly/1MTC5cp for the recipient list). In addition, the ONS Foundation began funding research in 1981 and has distributed more than $24 million in research grants, research fellowships, and other scholarships, lectures, public education projects, and career development awards (ONS Foundation, 2015). And, in 2006, the Putting Evidence Into Practice resource was unveiled, which provides evidence-based intervention reviews for the 20 most common problems experienced by patients with cancer and their caregivers (www.ons
.org/practice-resources/pep)
.

  12. KSC-2014-3969

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2014-09-18

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Ruth Globus, project scientist, Rodent Habitat/Rodent Research-1, NASA Ames Research Center, briefs media representatives in Kennedy Space Center’s Press Site auditorium in preparation for the launch of the SpaceX CRS-4 mission to resupply the International Space Station. Globus is a member of the ISS Science Panel on Model Organisms. The mission is the fourth of 12 SpaceX flights NASA contracted with the company to resupply the space station. It will be the fifth trip by a Dragon spacecraft to the orbiting laboratory. The spacecraft’s 2.5 tons of supplies, science experiments, and technology demonstrations include critical materials to support 255 science and research investigations that will occur during the station's Expeditions 41 and 42. Liftoff is targeted for an instantaneous window at 2:14 a.m. EDT. To learn more about the mission, visit http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/structure/launch/index.html. Photo credit: NASA/Jim Grossmann

  13. Public Health Law and Institutional Vaccine Skepticism.

    PubMed

    Parasidis, Efthimios

    2016-08-16

    Vaccine-hesitant parents are often portrayed as misinformed dilettantes clinging to unscientific Internet chatter and a debunked study that linked vaccines and autism. While this depiction may be an accurate portrayal of a small (but vocal) subset, scholars have unearthed a more complex picture that casts vaccine hesitancy in the context of broader notions of lack of trust in government and industry. At the same time, commentators have highlighted limitations of the vaccine injury compensation program and US Supreme Court Justices Sonia Sotomayor and Ruth Bader Ginsburg have argued that preemption laws that provide vaccine manufacturers with broad legal immunities create "a regulatory vacuum in which no one ensures that vaccine manufacturers adequately take account of scientific and technological advancements when designing or distributing their products." In short, the discussions surrounding vaccine hesitancy that dominate public discourse detract from serious debate as to whether amendments to vaccine-related laws can address the limitations of the existing framework governing immunizations. This commentary examines these issues through a public health law lens.

  14. If he can do it, so can they: exposure to counterstereotypically successful exemplars prompts automatic inferences.

    PubMed

    Critcher, Clayton R; Risen, Jane L

    2014-03-01

    After incidental exposure to Blacks who succeeded in counterstereotypical domains (e.g., Brown University President Ruth Simmons, Nobel Laureate Toni Morrison), participants drew an automatic inference that race was not a success-inhibiting factor in modern society. Of note, participants' automatic inferences were not simply guided by their explicit reasoning (i.e., their beliefs about what these exemplars signify about the state of race relations). Studies 1-3 demonstrated the basic automatic inference effect and provided evidence that such effects unfolded automatically, without intention or awareness. Study 4 replicated the effect in non-race-related domains. Subsequent studies examined what features of exemplars (Studies 5 and 6) and inference makers (Studies 7 and 8) prompt automatic inferences. Study 5 suggested that counterstereotypically successful exemplars prompt racism-denying inferences because they signal what is possible, even if not typical. Study 6 demonstrated that when these exemplars succeed in a stereotypical domain (e.g., Blacks in athletics), similar automatic inferences are not drawn. Those most likely to draw automatic inferences are people predisposed to approach the world with inferential thinking: participants dispositionally high in need for cognition (Study 7) or experimentally primed to think inferentially (Study 8).

  15. Analytic method for spin transfer matrix in presence of snakes

    SciTech Connect

    Tepikian, S.

    1985-01-01

    Large accelerators can be made spin transparent using Siberian snakes. However, the number of snakes required is yet to be determined. An algorithm for finding the spin transfer matrix analytically is developed. This is applied to find the cos /sub p/ for the case involving 6 snakes in two different configurations. This is in contrast to R. Ruth's approach who found that the number of snakes is proportional to absolute value of epsilonS, where epsilon is the depolarizing resonance strength. Half the trace of the spin precession matrix with 6 equally spaced snakes is found analytically for two configurations. The first configuration involves alternating snakes with precession axes of +45 and -45 while the second configuration are alternating +75 and -75 as proposed by K. Steffen. Then the largest resonance strength absolute value of epsilon such that absolute value of cos /sub p/ less than or equal to less than or equal to 1 is determined. Finally, a comparison with tracking studies is made.

  16. Amplified pathogenic actions of angiotensin II in cysteine-rich LIM-only protein 4-negative mouse hearts.

    PubMed

    Straubinger, Julia; Boldt, Karsten; Kuret, Anna; Deng, Lisa; Krattenmacher, Diana; Bork, Nadja; Desch, Matthias; Feil, Robert; Feil, Susanne; Nemer, Mona; Ueffing, Marius; Ruth, Peter; Just, Steffen; Lukowski, Robert

    2017-04-01

    LIM domain proteins have been identified as essential modulators of cardiac biology and pathology; however, it is unclear which role the cysteine-rich LIM-only protein (CRP)4 plays in these processes. In studying CRP4 mutant mice, we found that their hearts developed normally, but lack of CRP4 exaggerated multiple parameters of the cardiac stress response to the neurohormone angiotensin II (Ang II). Aiming to dissect the molecular details, we found a link between CRP4 and the cardioprotective cGMP pathway, as well as a multiprotein complex comprising well-known hypertrophy-associated factors. Significant enrichment of the cysteine-rich intestinal protein (CRIP)1 in murine hearts lacking CRP4, as well as severe cardiac defects and premature death of CRIP1 and CRP4 morphant zebrafish embryos, further support the notion that depleting CRP4 is incompatible with a proper cardiac development and function. Together, amplified Ang II signaling identified CRP4 as a novel antiremodeling factor regulated, at least to some extent, by cardiac cGMP.-Straubinger, J., Boldt, K., Kuret, A., Deng, L., Krattenmacher, D., Bork, N., Desch, M., Feil, R., Feil, S., Nemer, M., Ueffing, M., Ruth, P., Just, S., Lukowski, R. Amplified pathogenic actions of angiotensin II in cysteine-rich LIM-only protein 4 negative mouse hearts.

  17. Seasonal use of red-cockaded woodpecker cavities by southern flying squirrels.

    SciTech Connect

    Loeb, Susan C; Ruth, Deanna L

    2004-12-31

    Loeb, Susan C., and Deanna L. Ruth. 2004. Seasonal use of red-cockaded woodpecker cavities by southern flying squirrels. In: Red-cockaded woodpecker; Road to Recovery. Proceedings of the 4th Red-cockaded woodpecker Symposium. Ralph Costa and Susan J. Daniels, eds. Savannah, Georgia. January, 2003. Chapter 8. Cavities, Cavity Trees, and Cavity Communities. Pp 501-502. Abstract: Southern flying squirrels can significantly impact red-cockaded woodpecker reproductive success (Laves and Loeb 1999). Thus exclusion or removal of flying squirrels from red-cockaded woodpecker cavities and clusters may be warranted in small woodpecker populations (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2003). However, development of effective and efficient protocols for southern flying squirrel control requires an understanding of the seasonal dynamics of southern flying squirrel cavity use. Most studies of southern flying squirrel use of red-cockaded woodpecker cavities have been conducted during spring (e.g., Harlow and Lennartz 1983, Rudolph et al. 1990a, Loeb 1993) and no studies have examined the effects of long term flying squirrel control on subsequent cavity use. The objectives of this study were to determine: (1) whether flying squirrel use of red-cockaded woodpecker cavities varies with season or cavity type, and (2) the long term effect of continuous squirrel removal.

  18. MATERNAL ROLE CONFUSION: RELATIONS TO MATERNAL ATTACHMENT AND MOTHER–CHILD INTERACTION FROM INFANCY TO ADOLESCENCE

    PubMed Central

    VULLIEZ-COADY, LAURIANE; OBSUTH, INGRID; TORREIRO-CASAL, MONICA; ELLERTSDOTTIR, LYDIA; LYONS-RUTH, KARLEN

    2014-01-01

    Self-reports of role confusion with the parent in childhood are associated with a variety of adverse outcomes. However, role-confusion has been studied primarily from the point of view of the child. The current study evaluated an instrument for assessing role confusion from maternal interviews rather than from child observations or self-reports in adulthood. Fifty-one mothers participating in a longitudinal study since their own child’s infancy were administered the Experiences of Caregiving Interview (C. George & J. Solomon, 1996) when the child was age 20. Interviews were coded using the newly developed Parental Assessment of Role Confusion (PARC; L. Vulliez-Coady & K. Lyons-Ruth, 2009). Maternal PARC scores were related to observational measures of role-confusion in interaction with the child both in infancy and late adolescence. PARC scores also were related to mothers’ hostile-helpless states of mind on the Adult Attachment Interview (C. George, N. Kaplan, & M. Main, 1984, 1985, 1986) and to the extent of Unresolved loss, but not Unresolved Trauma. PARC scores also were related to mothers’ self-reports of helplessness experienced in the parenting role. Discriminant validity of the PARC was demonstrated in that role confusion on the PARC was not related to hostile or disoriented forms of parent–child interaction. Implications for clinical assessment of role confusion are discussed. PMID:25544789

  19. Does host plant influence parasitism and parasitoid species composition in Lygus rugulipennis? A molecular approach.

    PubMed

    Gariepy, T D; Kuhlmann, U; Gillott, C; Erlandson, M

    2008-06-01

    Lygus Hahn plant bugs (Hemiptera: Miridae) are serious pests of a wide variety of economically important crops in North America. European Peristenus digoneutis Loan and P. relictus Ruthe (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) are being considered for release in Canada as part of a classical biological control program for Lygus. The attractiveness of different host plants to European Peristenus has not been addressed, but may be an important consideration prior to parasitoid release. Lygus rugulipennis Poppius nymphs were collected in the Northern Temperate Atlantic (NTA) ecoregion on red clover (Trifolium pratense L.; Fabaceae) and chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.; Asteraceae), and in the Western European Broadleaf Forest (WEBF) ecoregion on red clover and alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.; Fabaceae). Parasitism levels and parasitoid species were determined using a multiplex PCR assay for P. digoneutis, P. relictus, and P. pallipes Curtis. Mean parasitism levels in L. rugulipennis were 45-49% in the NTA ecoregion and 25-32% in the WEBF ecoregion. However, in neither ecoregion were parasitism levels and parasitoid species compositions significantly different in nymphs from different host plant species. Furthermore, multiparasitism was low despite the fact that P. digoneutis and P. relictus share the same host species.

  20. Human embryonic stem cell research, justice, and the problem of unequal biological access.

    PubMed

    Moller, Mark S

    2008-09-29

    In 2003, Ruth Faden and eighteen other colleagues argued that a "problem of unequal biological access" is likely to arise in access to therapies resulting from human embryonic stem cell research. They showed that unless deliberate steps are taken in the United States to ensure that the human embryonic stem cell lines available to researchers mirrors the genetic diversity of the general population, white Americans will likely receive the benefits of these therapies to the relative exclusion of minority ethnic groups. Over the past five years the problem of unequal biological access has not received much attention from politicians, bioethicists and even many researchers in the United States, in spite of the widely held belief in the country that there is an obligation to prevent and correct ethnic disparities in access to medical care. The purpose of this paper is to increase awareness of the problem of unequal biological access and of the need to do more than is currently being done to ensure that ethnic disparities in access to human embryonic stem cell-based therapies do not arise. Specifically, this paper explains why the problem of unequal biological access will likely arise in the United States in such a way that white Americans will disproportionately receive most of the benefits of the therapies resulting from human embryonic stem cell research. It also argues for why there is an obligation to prevent these ethnic disparities in access from happening and outlines four steps that need to be taken towards meeting this obligation.

  1. Nomenclature of Toso, Fas apoptosis inhibitory molecule 3, and IgM FcR.

    PubMed

    Kubagawa, Hiromi; Carroll, Michael C; Jacob, Chaim O; Lang, Karl S; Lee, Kyeong-Hee; Mak, Tak; McAndrews, Monica; Morse, Herbert C; Nolan, Garry P; Ohno, Hiroshi; Richter, Günther H; Seal, Ruth; Wang, Ji-Yang; Wiestner, Adrian; Coligan, John E

    2015-05-01

    Hiromi Kubagawa and John E. Coligan coordinated an online meeting to define an appropriate nomenclature for the cell surface glycoprotein presently designated by different names: Toso, Fas apoptosis inhibitory molecule 3 (FAIM3), and IgM FcR (FcμR). FAIM3 and Faim3 are the currently approved symbols for the human and mouse genes, respectively, in the National Center for Biotechnology Information, Ensembl, and other databases. However, recent functional results reported by several groups of investigators strongly support a recommendation for renaming FAIM3/Faim3 as FCMR/Fcmr, a name better reflecting its physiological function as the FcR for IgM. Participants included 12 investigators involved in studying Toso/FAIM3(Faim3)/FμR, representatives from the Human Genome Nomenclature Committee (Ruth Seal) and the Mouse Genome Nomenclature Committee (Monica McAndrews), and an observer from the IgM research field (Michael Carroll). In this article, we provide a brief background of the key research on the Toso/FAIM3(Faim3)/FcμR proteins, focusing on the ligand specificity and functional activity, followed by a brief summary of discussion about adopting a single name for this molecule and its gene and a resulting recommendation for genome nomenclature committees.

  2. Takin' the Heat

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    Langley Research Center has licensed a new high-temperature polyimide with versatile applications to Unitech LLC, of Hampton, Virginia, and J. D. Lincoln, Inc., of Costa Mesa, California. Through a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) and its license, Unitech, a client of the NASA Hampton Roads Technology Incubator (HRTI), is now selling the new polyimide, better known as RP46. Dr. Ruth Pater, of NASA Langley, developed RP46 for aerospace applications. The material was designed for re-entry vehicles and high-temperature engine components; however, its versatile nature makes it applicable as a molding, adhesive, coating, composite matrix resin, foam, or film. Available in liquid and powder forms, RP46 can also be fabricated over mesh for use in molds. RP46 presents a profitable option to manufacturers, because the ease of manufacturing the resin and the reduction in curing time saves money. Consumers save money because RP46 is more durable than similar products that are susceptible to microcracking when used as a coating or adhesive in high-temperature situations and often required reapplication. The chances of microcracking are significantly reduced with RP46 because of its unsurpased ability to resist heat and corrosion.

  3. Human embryonic stem cell research, justice, and the problem of unequal biological access

    PubMed Central

    Moller, Mark S

    2008-01-01

    In 2003, Ruth Faden and eighteen other colleagues argued that a "problem of unequal biological access" is likely to arise in access to therapies resulting from human embryonic stem cell research. They showed that unless deliberate steps are taken in the United States to ensure that the human embryonic stem cell lines available to researchers mirrors the genetic diversity of the general population, white Americans will likely receive the benefits of these therapies to the relative exclusion of minority ethnic groups. Over the past five years the problem of unequal biological access has not received much attention from politicians, bioethicists and even many researchers in the United States, in spite of the widely held belief in the country that there is an obligation to prevent and correct ethnic disparities in access to medical care. The purpose of this paper is to increase awareness of the problem of unequal biological access and of the need to do more than is currently being done to ensure that ethnic disparities in access to human embryonic stem cell-based therapies do not arise. Specifically, this paper explains why the problem of unequal biological access will likely arise in the United States in such a way that white Americans will disproportionately receive most of the benefits of the therapies resulting from human embryonic stem cell research. It also argues for why there is an obligation to prevent these ethnic disparities in access from happening and outlines four steps that need to be taken towards meeting this obligation. PMID:18823539

  4. INDISCRIMINATE BEHAVIOR OBSERVED IN THE STRANGE SITUATION AMONG INSTITUTIONALIZED TODDLERS: RELATIONS TO CAREGIVER REPORT AND TO EARLY FAMILY RISK

    PubMed Central

    Oliveira, Paula S.; Soares, Isabel; Martins, Carla; Silva, Joana R.; Marques, Sofia; Baptista, Joana; Lyons-Ruth, Karlen

    2014-01-01

    Socially disinhibited or indiscriminate behavior (IB) has traditionally been investigated using caregiver reports. More recently, an observational measure based on the Strange Situation Procedure (M. Ainsworth, M. Blehar, E. Waters, & S. Wall, 1978), the Rating of Infant and Stranger Engagement (RISE; C. Riley, A. Atlas-Corbett, & K. Lyons-Ruth, 2005), was validated in home-reared at-risk children. The present study aimed to validate the RISE in an institutionally reared sample using the caregiver report, to assess whether IB assessed with the RISE was elevated among the institutionalized children, and to explore potential risk factors associated with IB. The study was conducted among 74 institutionalized toddlers aged 11 to 30 months. Sociodemographic questionnaires were used to assess pre-admission experiences, and aspects of institutional placement were coded from the children’s files in the institution and staff’s report. Institutionalized children displayed high frequencies of IB as assessed on the RISE, and this instrument was validated against caregiver report. Pre-admission experiences of the institutionalized children in their biological families—namely, prenatal risk and maternal emotional neglect risk—predicted IB. Results suggest that the RISE is adequate to use among institutionally reared toddlers and point to aspects of the early familial environment that may be implicated in IB. PMID:25552781

  5. Endeavour returns from Hubble servicing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1993-12-01

    During the hour-long descent from space ESA astronaut Claude Nicollier helped mission commander Dick Covey and pilot Ken Bowersox monitor the shuttle's cockpit displays. During their 11-day mission the astronauts fitted the telescope with corrective optics and a new set of European solar panels. If all goes according to plan the observatory will be restored to very nearly its original capability. The first images from the rejuvenated telescope should be released in about 6-8 weeks. ESA had a major role in this mission. In addition to providing the solar arrays, the European Space Agency helped NASA test the Costar corrective optics system. ESA astronaut Claude Nicollier operated the shuttle's robot arm throughout the complex spacewalks to service the telescope and during the crucial capture and release phases. "This was a particularly important international mission from the standpoint of our Swiss and European Space Agency crew member Claude Nicollier, who played an incredibly important part in the repair of the Hubble Space Telescope", mission commander Dick told Swiss Minister of Internal Affairs Mrs Ruth Dreifuss, during a VIP telephone call on Sunday morning. "If there was an unsung hero of this mission it would be Claude and his arm because without them we could not have worked the way we did and been as successful as we were".

  6. A four-fold humanity: Margaret Mead and psychological types.

    PubMed

    Sullivan, Gerald

    2004-01-01

    Beginning in 1933, while working in New Guinea, Margaret Mead developed her so-called squares hypothesis. Mead never published its terms, though she made a brief comment on it in her autobiography, Blackberry Winter (1972), and the arguments found in Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies (1935) and the research leading to Balinese Character (Bateson & Mead, 1942) bore its imprint. Beginning with William McDougall's distinction between temperament (innate predispositions) and character (learned organization of habit), Mead articulated a morphological approach to the interplay between biology and culture that yielded four primary and four intermediary personality types. Under specified but not inevitable circumstances, the conscious choices of a given people could render one or another of these types characteristic or predominantly stable within their population, giving each of the other types a definite relation to the dominant type and thereby the cultural ethos of its society. Persons of each type followed a developmental path specific to their type different both from that of other types and in its manifestations given the various relations of the individual's type to the dominant type. Mead's hypothesis was, therefore, a vision of the unity and diversity of a single human species as well as an approach to the differing psychological positioning of individuals in cultures. In examining Mead's hypothesis, this essay also takes up Mead's debts to several leading psychologists (McDougall, C. G. Jung, and Erik Erikson), and (provisionally) how her vision differed from that of Ruth Benedict. Copyright 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  7. DIFFERENTIAL ATTACHMENT RESPONSES OF MALE AND FEMALE INFANTS TO FRIGHTENING MATERNAL BEHAVIOR: TEND OR BEFRIEND VERSUS FIGHT OR FLIGHT?

    PubMed

    David, Daryn H; Lyons-Ruth, Karlen

    2005-01-01

    Taylor and colleagues (2000) proposed that males tend to display fight or flight responses to threat while females are more likely to display affiliative "tend or befriend" responses. In light of this hypothesis, gender differences in infant attachment behaviors were examined in a sample of 65 low-income mother-infant dyads, half of whom were referred to a home-based intervention service because of concerns about the quality of caregiving. Attachment behaviors were assessed in the Ainsworth Strange Situation when infants were 18 months old, and maternal behaviors were coded both for frightened or frightening behaviors, using the Main and Hesse (1992) coding inventory, and for disrupted affective communication using the Atypical Maternal Behavior Instrument for Assessment and Classification assessment tool (AMBIANCE; Lyons-Ruth, Bronfman, & Parsons, 1999). Results indicated that as maternal behavior became more frightening, female infants tended to approach their mothers more than male infants. These gender differences in response to maternal frightening behavior also were evident in the clinically referred subsample. The results suggest that gender-based differences in tendencies to show affiliative behaviors to threat may complicate interpretation of attachment behavior in clinical contexts.

  8. KSC-2014-3970

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2014-09-18

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Members of an ISS Science Panel on Model Organisms brief media representatives in Kennedy Space Center’s Press Site auditorium in preparation for the launch of the SpaceX CRS-4 mission to resupply the International Space Station. From left are Stephanie Schierholz, NASA Public Affairs, Marshall Porterfield, division director, Space Life and Physical Sciences, HEOMD, Shiela Neilsen, principal investigator, Micro-8, University of Montana, Sharmila Bhattacharya, principal investigator, Ames Student Fruit-Fly Experiment, NASA Ames Research Center, and Ruth Globus, project scientist, Rodent Habitat/Rodent Research-1, NASA Ames. The mission is the fourth of 12 SpaceX flights NASA contracted with the company to resupply the space station. It will be the fifth trip by a Dragon spacecraft to the orbiting laboratory. The spacecraft’s 2.5 tons of supplies, science experiments, and technology demonstrations include critical materials to support 255 science and research investigations that will occur during the station's Expeditions 41 and 42. Liftoff is targeted for an instantaneous window at 2:14 a.m. EDT. To learn more about the mission, visit http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/structure/launch/index.html. Photo credit: NASA/Jim Grossmann

  9. KSC-2014-3954

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2014-09-18

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Members of an ISS Science Panel on Model Organisms brief media representatives in Kennedy Space Center’s Press Site auditorium in preparation for the launch of the SpaceX CRS-4 mission to resupply the International Space Station. From left are Stephanie Schierholz, NASA Public Affairs, Marshall Porterfield, division director, Space Life and Physical Sciences, HEOMD, Shiela Neilsen, principal investigator, Micro-8, University of Montana, Sharmila Bhattacharya, principal investigator, Ames Student Fruit-Fly Experiment, NASA Ames Research Center, and Ruth Globus, project scientist, Rodent Habitat/Rodent Research-1, NASA Ames. The mission is the fourth of 12 SpaceX flights NASA contracted with the company to resupply the space station. It will be the fifth trip by a Dragon spacecraft to the orbiting laboratory. The spacecraft’s 2.5 tons of supplies, science experiments, and technology demonstrations include critical materials to support 255 science and research investigations that will occur during the station's Expeditions 41 and 42. Liftoff is targeted for an instantaneous window at 2:14 a.m. EDT. To learn more about the mission, visit http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/structure/launch/index.html. Photo credit: NASA/Jim Grossmann

  10. Safety of Popular Herbal Supplements in Lactating Women.

    PubMed

    Amer, Marwa R; Cipriano, Gabriela C; Venci, Jineane V; Gandhi, Mona A

    2015-08-01

    The increasing popularity and use of dietary supplements has required health care professionals to become more knowledgeable of their properties, interactions, and adverse effects. The objectives of this review were to evaluate the safety of popular dietary supplements in breastfeeding mothers and the effects on the infants. Nine of the most popular herbal dietary supplements were identified based on the 2011 US market report of the top 10 selling botanicals and the most frequently received inquiries by the Ruth A. Lawrence Lactation Study Center at the University of Rochester Medical Center. Relevant publications were identified through June 2014 using PubMed and EMBASE; tertiary references, including the Drugs and Lactation Database and Natural Medicine Comprehensive Database, were also reviewed. These herbals include black cohosh, cranberry, echinacea, evening primrose, garlic, ginseng, melatonin, milk thistle, and St John's wort. Studies varied greatly with regard to study design, herbal intervention, and outcome measures. Findings suggested that dietary/herbal supplements have not been evaluated in high-quality clinical trials, and there is limited evidence supporting safety of use, particularly among lactating women. Therefore, it is essential for physicians to provide counseling for nursing mothers seeking information on dietary supplements, highlighting reliable safety profiles, inquiring about the potential benefits the patient is seeking, and assessing the patient's perception of this supplement during breastfeeding. More research and clinical trials are required in this area to guide the recommendations and expand our current knowledge of these products. © The Author(s) 2015.

  11. Surgeon General's Workshop on Health Promotion and Aging.

    PubMed

    1988-01-01

    The following report contains all of the recommendations of the working group on oral health that met during the Surgeon General's Workshop on Health Promotion and Aging, March 20-23, 1988, in Washington, DC, under the direction of Surgeon General C. Everett Koop and a number of leaders in geriatrics and gerontology. The working group was composed of 17 specialists, including Frank Martin, technical manager; Scott Presson, reporter; James Beck, chairman; and group members Ronald Ettinger, Jean Frazier, Mary Alice Gaston, Helen Gift, Neville Gilmore, Marc Heft, H. Asuman Kiyak, James Marshall, Roseann Mulligan, Linda Niessen, Vincent Rogers, Michele Saunders, Ruth Seigler, and Hongying Wang. The report also includes dental-related recommendations made by the working groups on medication, preventive health services, alcohol, physical fitness and exercise, injury prevention, mental health, smoking cessation, and nutrition. Eight workshops have been sponsored by the surgeon general since his appointment to office in 1981; this workshop was the first to focus on dentistry and aging.

  12. Systematics-insensitive Periodic Signal Search with K2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Angus, Ruth; Foreman-Mackey, Daniel; Johnson, John A.

    2016-02-01

    From pulsating stars to transiting exoplanets, the search for periodic signals in K2 data, Kepler’s two-wheeled extension, is relevant to a long list of scientific goals. Systematics affecting K2 light curves due to the decreased spacecraft pointing precision inhibit the easy extraction of periodic signals from the data. We here develop a method for producing periodograms of K2 light curves that are insensitive to pointing-induced systematics; the Systematics-insensitive Periodogram (SIP). Traditional sine-fitting periodograms use a generative model to find the frequency of a sinusoid that best describes the data. We extend this principle by including systematic trends, based on a set of “eigen light curves,” following Foreman-Mackey et al., in our generative model as well as a sum of sine and cosine functions over a grid of frequencies. Using this method we are able to produce periodograms with vastly reduced systematic features. The quality of the resulting periodograms are such that we can recover acoustic oscillations in giant stars and measure stellar rotation periods without the need for any detrending. The algorithm is also applicable to the detection of other periodic phenomena such as variable stars, eclipsing binaries and short-period exoplanet candidates. The SIP code is available at https://github.com/RuthAngus/SIPK2.

  13. Familial and social support as protective factors against the development of dissociative identity disorder.

    PubMed

    Korol, Susan

    2008-01-01

    The incidence of dissociative identity disorder (DID) is strongly correlated with exposure to serious physical and sexual abuse. Although studies of more than 1,000 DID sufferers indicate that severe child abuse is a predisposing factor in 95% to 98% of cases (B. Braun, 1988), abuse alone is not, in fact, predictive of DID (B. Rind & P. Tromovitch, 1997). Disorganized/disoriented attachment style and the absence of social and familial support, in combination with abuse history, best predict DID (D. Howe, 2006; R. Kluft, 1984; K. Lyons-Ruth, L. Dutra, M. Schuder, & I. Bianchi, 2006). Individuals who are securely attached are less likely to develop serious psychopathology in the event of abuse and are more likely to build a strong extrafamilial system of support--also a protective factor against psychopathology (S. Asher & J. Parker, 1989; D. Howe, M. Brandon, D. Hinings, & G. Schofield, 1999; G. Ladd & B. Golter, 1988). Recognition of the significance of secure attachment and familial and social support as protective factors against the development of DID suggests social intervention as an important area of research to mitigate the psychological consequences of insecure attachment, social disconnection, and abuse.

  14. The Internet: tomorrow's portal to non-traditional health care services.

    PubMed

    Tyson, T R

    2000-04-01

    It is not at all surprising that people are not enamored of hospitals, as they are almost always associated with negatives such as pain, loss of mobility, and high cost. On a less emotional level, hospitals are perceived as big businesses, and consumers are getting inured to a consistently decreasing level of caring and service, particularly from "service" businesses. Many people are going to the Internet for health information due to the belief that today's doctor-patient relationship lacks an attention to detail and personal touch that was there in the past. The Internet is empowering consumers. If it continues this way, consumers will rely on physicians less and shop for alternatives more. In this article, the author makes the following points: (1) Consumer attitudes about traditional health care providers are changing significantly as their desire for more involvement in and control over the management of their health increases. This desire increases their need for information. (2) The Internet is proving to be the information source consumers need. Anyone with a modem-equipped personal computer and a telephone line can access health care and scientific information on Web sites ranging from Medline and the Merck Manual to Ask Dr. Dean and Dr. Ruth. (3) There are alternatives to traditional providers and methods, and consumers can not only find them on the Internet, but also get information that is stated objectively and non-technically.

  15. Photochimie supramoléculaire et complexes decoordination

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amouyal, E.

    2003-06-01

    La photophysique et la photochimie de complexes de coordination de métaux de transition a connu un essor considérable au cours de ces demières années. D'une part, les complexes de coordination peuvent servir d'éléments de base dans l'élaboration de systèmes moléculaires et supramoléculaires; d'autre part, la lumière- outre son rôle de sonde et de caractérisation des molécules- peut être utilisée pour déclencher des processus spécifiques à ces systèmes. En particulier, le contrôle des processus de transfert d'électron photoinduits à l'échelle moléculaire constitue un défi important dans plusieurs domaines de recherche qui vont de la photosynthèse artificielle à l'électronique moléculaire. Dans ce cadre, nous présentons quelques exemples d'études photophysiques de molécules et de systèmes supramoléculaires à base de complexes polypyridiniques de ruthénium et d'osmium pour illustrer l'effet de l'organisation moléculaire sur les processus de transfert d'électron intramoléculaires.

  16. Is it morally permissible for hospital nurses to access prisoner-patients' criminal histories?

    PubMed

    Neiman, Paul

    2016-01-01

    In the United States, information about a person's criminal history is accessible with a name and date of birth. Ruth Crampton has studied nurses' care for prisoner-patients in hospital settings and found care to be perfunctory and reactive. This article examines whether it is morally permissible for nurses in hospital settings to access information about prisoner-patients' criminal histories. Nurses may argue for a right to such information based on the right to personal safety at work or the obligation to provide prisoner-patients with the care that they deserve. These two arguments are considered and rejected. It is further argued that accessing information about a prisoner-patient's criminal history violates nurses' duty to care. Care, understood through Sarah Ruddick's account as work and relationship, requires nurses to be open and unbiased in order to do their part in forming a caring relationship with patients. Knowledge of a prisoner-patient's criminal history inhibits the formation of this relationship and thus violates nurses' duty to care.

  17. Genetic services, economics, and eugenics.

    PubMed

    Paul, D B

    1998-01-01

    What are the aims of genetic services? Do any of these aims deserve to be labeled "eugenics"? Answers to these strenuously debated questions depend not just on the facts about genetic testing and screening but also on what is understood by "eugenics," a term with multiple and contested meanings. This paper explores the impact of efforts to label genetic services "eugenics" and argues that attempts to protect against the charge have seriously distorted discussion about their purpose(s). Following Ruth Chadwick, I argue that the existence of genetic services presupposes that genetic disease is undesirable and that means should be offered to reduce it. I further argue that the economic cost of such disease is one reason why governments and health care providers deem such services worthwhile. The important question is not whether such cost considerations constitute "eugenics," but whether they foster practices that are undesirable and, if so, what to do about them The wielding of the term "eugenics" as a weapon in a war over the expansion of genetic services, conjoined with efforts to dissociate such services from the abortion controversy, has produced a rhetoric about the aims of these services that is increasingly divorced from reality. Candor about these aims is a sine qua non of any useful debate over the legitimacy of the methods used to advance them.

  18. Several fourth-order force gradient symplectic algorithms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Jia; Wu, Xin

    2010-02-01

    By adding force gradient operators to symmetric compositions, we build a set of explicit fourth-order force gradient symplectic algorithms, including those of Chin and coworkers, for a separable Hamiltonian system with quadratic kinetic energy T and potential energy V. They are extended to solve a gravitational n-body Hamiltonian system that can be split into a Keplerian part H0 and a perturbation part H1 in Jacobi coordinates. It is found that the accuracy of each gradient scheme is greatly superior to that of the standard fourth-order Forest-Ruth symplectic integrator in T + V-type Hamiltonian decomposition, but they are both almost equivalent in the mean longitude and the relative position for H0 + H1-type decomposition. At the same time, there are no typical differences between the numerical performances of these gradient algorithms, either in the splitting of T + V or in the splitting of H0 + H1. In particular, compared with the former decomposition, the latter can dramatically improve the numerical accuracy. Because this extension provides a fast and high-precision method to simulate various orbital motions of n-body problems, it is worth recommending for practical computation.

  19. Building a pediatric neurocritical care program: a multidisciplinary approach to clinical practice and education from the intensive care unit to the outpatient clinic.

    PubMed

    Wainwright, Mark S; Grimason, Michele; Goldstein, Joshua; Smith, Craig M; Amlie-Lefond, Catherine; Revivo, Gadi; Noah, Zehava L; Harris, Zena L; Epstein, Leon G

    2014-12-01

    We describe our 10-year experience developing the Ruth D. & Ken M. Davee Pediatric Neurocritical Care Program at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. The neurocritical care team includes intensivists, neurologists, and an advanced practice nurse who have expertise in critical care neurology and who continue care in long-term follow-up of intensive care unit patients in a dedicated neurocritical care outpatient clinic. Brain-directed critical care requires collaboration between intensivists and neurologists with specific expertise in neurocritical care, using protocol-directed consistent care, and physiological measures to protect brain function. The heterogeneity of neurologic disorders in the pediatric intensive care unit requires a background in the relevant basic science and pathophysiology that is beyond the scope of standard neurology or critical care fellowships. To address this need, we also created a fellowship in neurocritical care for intensivists, neurologists, and advanced practice nurses. Last, we discuss the implications for pediatric neurocritical care from the experience of management of pediatric stroke and the development of stroke centers.

  20. Differential attachment responses of male and female infants to frightening maternal behavior: Tend or befriend versus fight or flight?

    PubMed

    David, Daryn H; Lyons-Ruth, Karlen

    2005-01-01

    Taylor and colleagues (2000) proposed that males tend to display fight or flight responses to threat while females are more likely to display affiliative "tend or befriend" responses. In light of this hypothesis, gender differences in infant attachment behaviors were examined in a sample of 65 low-income mother-infant dyads, half of whom were referred to a home-based intervention service because of concerns about the quality of caregiving. Attachment behaviors were assessed in the Ainsworth Strange Situation when infants were 18 months old, and maternal behaviors were coded both for frightened or frightening behaviors, using the Main and Hesse (1992) coding inventory, and for disrupted affective communication using the Atypical Maternal Behavior Instrument for Assessment and Classification assessment tool (AMBIANCE; Lyons-Ruth, Bronfman, & Parsons, 1999). Results indicated that as maternal behavior became more frightening, female infants tended to approach their mothers more than male infants. These gender differences in response to maternal frightening behavior also were evident in the clinically referred subsample. The results suggest that gender-based differences in tendencies to show affiliative behaviors to threat may complicate interpretation of attachment behavior in clinical contexts. ©2005 Michigan Association for Infant Mental Health. Copyright © 2005 Michigan Association for Infant Mental Health.

  1. Verifax: Biometric instruments measuring neuromuscular disorders/performance impairments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morgenthaler, George W.; Shrairman, Ruth; Landau, Alexander

    1998-01-01

    VeriFax, founded in 1990 by Dr. Ruth Shrairman and Mr. Alex Landau, began operations with the aim of developing a biometric tool for the verification of signatures from a distance. In the course of developing this VeriFax Autograph technology, two other related applications for the technologies under development at VeriFax became apparent. The first application was in the use of biometric measurements as clinical monitoring tools for physicians investigating neuromuscular diseases (embodied in VeriFax's Neuroskill technology). The second application was to evaluate persons with critical skills (e.g., airline pilots, bus drivers) for physical and mental performance impairments caused by stress, physiological disorders, alcohol, drug abuse, etc. (represented by VeriFax's Impairoscope prototype instrument). This last application raised the possibility of using a space-qualified Impairoscope variant to evaluate astronaut performance with respect to the impacts of stress, fatigue, excessive workload, build-up of toxic chemicals within the space habitat, etc. The three applications of VeriFax's patented technology are accomplished by application-specific modifications of the customized VeriFax software. Strong commercial market potentials exist for all three VeriFax technology applications, and market progress will be presented in more detail below.

  2. Exploration of the links among fathers' unresolved states of mind with respect to attachment, atypical paternal behavior, and disorganized infant-father attachment.

    PubMed

    Madigan, Sheri; Benoit, Diane; Boucher, Catherine

    2011-05-01

    Atypical maternal behavior has consistently been identified as a precursor of disorganized infant-mother attachment, but to date, no research has examined the role of atypical paternal behavior in the development of disorganized infant-father attachment. This study aims to enhance our understanding and conceptualization of infant-father attachment by examining the role of fathers' unresolved states of mind and the display of atypical paternal behavior in the development of disorganized infant-father attachment. Thirty-one middle-class couples participated in this study. Maternal and paternal Adult Attachment Interviews (C. George, N. Kaplan, & M. Main, 1996) were completed prenatally and at infant age 6 months, respectively. Infant-mother and infant-father dyads participated in the Strange Situation paradigm (M. Ainsworth, M. Blehar, E. Waters, & S. Wall, 1978) when the infants were 12 and 18 months of age, respectively. The Atypical Maternal Behavior Instrument for Assessment and Classification (E. Bronfman, E. Parsons, & K. Lyons-Ruth, 1999) was used to assess maternal and paternal behavior during the Strange Situation. Maternal states of mind regarding attachment predicted infant-mother attachment relationships, and paternal states of mind predicted infant-father attachment relationships. Atypical maternal behavior was associated with infant-mother disorganized attachment; however, atypical paternal behavior did not predict infant-father disorganized attachment. Thus, it is possible that other factors, yet to be uncovered, might contribute to the development of infant-father disorganized attachment. Copyright © 2011 Michigan Association for Infant Mental Health.

  3. Modeling W44 as a Supernova Remnant in a Density Gradient with a Partially Formed Dense Shell and Thermal Conduction in the Hot Interior. II. The Hydrodynamic Models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shelton, R. L.; Cox, Donald P.; Maciejewski, Witold; Smith, Randall K.; Plewa, Tomasz; Pawl, Andrew; Różyczka, MichaŁ

    1999-10-01

    In a previous paper, we presented the analytical background for a new model for W44; in this paper, we report hydrocode experiments verifying many of the details. Our model remnant is evolving in a moderately dense (~6 cm-3), ambient medium having a substantial density gradient. At the observed age (~20,000 yr), the shock is radiative over much of the surface, with expansion speeds of only ~130-200 km s-1 for the dense and rare ends, respectively. With these speeds, the remnant has a cool periphery and does not produce a limb-brightened X-ray image. It has thermal conduction within its hot interior, resulting in a nonnegligible density there, and its center is X-ray luminous. The combined effect creates a ``center-filled'' X-ray image. A thin, very dense cool shell has formed over the denser half of the remnant's surface, and its radio synchrotron emission derives from the highly compressed cosmic rays and swept up magnetic field, producing the usual ``shell-type'' image associated with radiative remnants. This combination of emission patterns results in the remnant being characterized as having a ``thermal composite morphology.'' Our previous paper demonstrated that the intensities and qualitative distributions of the anticipated optical, IR line, X-ray, radio synchrotron, and gamma-ray emissions from the model are comparable to those actually observed in W44. In this paper we first use a two-dimensional hydrocode to follow the remnant evolution in a density gradient, verifying that the spatial and velocity structure of the H I shell are a good match to the observations, without the complications suggested by Koo & Heiles, and demonstrating that the remnant's asymmetry does not substantially affect the distribution of X-ray emitting material. We also calculate the distribution of radio-continuum emission expected from the compression of the ambient magnetic field and cosmic rays into the dense shell (the van der Laan mechanism) and examine the role of surface

  4. Collaborative Double Robust Targeted Maximum Likelihood Estimation*

    PubMed Central

    van der Laan, Mark J.; Gruber, Susan

    2010-01-01

    Collaborative double robust targeted maximum likelihood estimators represent a fundamental further advance over standard targeted maximum likelihood estimators of a pathwise differentiable parameter of a data generating distribution in a semiparametric model, introduced in van der Laan, Rubin (2006). The targeted maximum likelihood approach involves fluctuating an initial estimate of a relevant factor (Q) of the density of the observed data, in order to make a bias/variance tradeoff targeted towards the parameter of interest. The fluctuation involves estimation of a nuisance parameter portion of the likelihood, g. TMLE has been shown to be consistent and asymptotically normally distributed (CAN) under regularity conditions, when either one of these two factors of the likelihood of the data is correctly specified, and it is semiparametric efficient if both are correctly specified. In this article we provide a template for applying collaborative targeted maximum likelihood estimation (C-TMLE) to the estimation of pathwise differentiable parameters in semi-parametric models. The procedure creates a sequence of candidate targeted maximum likelihood estimators based on an initial estimate for Q coupled with a succession of increasingly non-parametric estimates for g. In a departure from current state of the art nuisance parameter estimation, C-TMLE estimates of g are constructed based on a loss function for the targeted maximum likelihood estimator of the relevant factor Q that uses the nuisance parameter to carry out the fluctuation, instead of a loss function for the nuisance parameter itself. Likelihood-based cross-validation is used to select the best estimator among all candidate TMLE estimators of Q0 in this sequence. A penalized-likelihood loss function for Q is suggested when the parameter of interest is borderline-identifiable. We present theoretical results for “collaborative double robustness,” demonstrating that the collaborative targeted maximum

  5. Evidence for the formation of boninitic melt in the base of the Salahi mantle section, the northern Oman ophiolite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nomoto, Y.; Takazawa, E.

    2013-12-01

    The boninites in the Oman ophiolite occur as lavas and dikes of the Alley volcanic sequence (Ishikawa et al., 2002). Moreover, Yamazaki and Miyashita (2008) reported about boninitic dike swarms in the Fizh crustal section. The boninitic melt generation requires hydrous melting of refractory mantle peridotite under an extremely high temperature and low pressure condition. This condition is generally explained by the addition of slab-derived fluids into a hot young oceanic lithosphere, which previously experienced MORB melt extraction. In this study, we report an ultramafic complex mainly composed of dunite which is in equilibrium with chemical composition of boninites in the southwestern part of the Salahi mantle section in the northern Oman ophiolite. Based on the study by Nomoto and Takazawa (2013) the complex consists mainly of massive dunite associated with minor amounts of harzburgite, pyroxenites and wehrlite. We use spinel Cr# (=Cr/[Cr+Al] atomic ratio) as an indicator of extent of melt extraction in harzburgites. For dunites spinel Cr# varies as a function of extent of reaction and of melt composition (Dick and Bullen, 1984; Arai, 1994; Ozawa, 2008). The spinels in the dunites from the complex have Cr# greater than 0.7 indicating highly refractory signature. The range of spinel Cr# is similar to those of spinels in boninites reported worldwide (Umino, 1986; van der Laan et al., 1992; Sobolev and Danyushevsky, 1994; Ishikawa et al., 2002). The complex might be a section of dunite channel that formed by flux melting of harzburgites as a result of infiltration of a voluminous fluid from the basal thrust. We determined the abundances of rare earth elements (REE) in the peridotite clinopyroxenes (cpxs) by LA-ICP-MS to estimate the compositions of the melts in equilibrium with these clinopyroxenes. The chondrite-normalized patterns for clinopyroxenes in the dunites are characterized by enrichments in light REE (LREE) relative to those of the harzburgite

  6. PREFACE: VII Brazilian Congress on Metrology (Metrologia 2013)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Costa-Félix, Rodrigo; Bernardes, Americo; Valente de Oliveira, José Carlos; Mauro Granjeiro, José; Epsztejn, Ruth; Ihlenfeld, Waldemar; Smarçaro da Cunha, Valnei

    2015-01-01

    ) Brazilian National Institute of Metrology, Quality and Technology jcoliveira@inmetro.gov.br José Mauro Granjeiro (Editor on Biotechnology) Brazilian National Institute of Metrology, Quality and Technology jmgranjeiro@inmetro.gov.br Ruth Epsztejn (Editor on Conformity Assessment) Brazilian National Institute of Metrology, Quality and Technology repsztejn@inmetro.gov.br Waldemar Ihlenfeld (Editor on Electrical Metrology) Brazilian National Institute of Metrology, Quality and Technology wgihlenfeld-pronametro@inmetro.gov.br Valnei Smarçaro da Cunha (Editor on Chemistry Metrology) Brazilian National Institute of Metrology, Quality and Technology vscunha@inmetro.gov.br Technical and Scientific Committee for Metrologia 2013 Ado Jório (UFMG) Carlos Achete (UFRJ, Inmetro) Flávio Vasconcelos (UFMG) Giorgio Moscati (USP) Hans Peter Grieneisen (Inmetro) Humberto Brandi (Inmetro) José Carlos Valente de Oliveira (Inmetro) José Guilherme Pereira Peixoto (IRD) José Mauro Granjeiro (Inmetro) Luiz Claudio Moreira Paschoal (Petrobras) Luis Fernado Rust (Inmetro) Luiz Silva Mello (PUC RJ) Marcos Nogueira Eberlin (Unicamp) Oleksii Kuznetsov (Inmetro) Regis Landim (Inmetro) Ricardo Carvalho (ON) Rodrigo Costa-Felix (Inmetro) Romeu José Daroda (Inmetro) Ruth Epsztejn (Inmetro) Valnei Smarçaro da Cunha (Inmetro) Valter Aibe (Inmetro) Waldemar Guilherme Kürten Ihlenfeld (PTB) Wanderley de Souza (UFRJ, Inmetro)

  7. Multiverse: Increasing Diversity in Earth and Space Science Through Multicultural Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peticolas, L. M.; Raftery, C. L.; Mendez, B.; Paglierani, R.; Ali, N. A.; Zevin, D.; Frappier, R.; Hauck, K.; Shackelford, R. L., III; Yan, D.; Thrall, L.

    2015-12-01

    Multiverse at the University of California, Berkeley Space Sciences Laboratory provides earth and space science educational opportunities and resources for a variety of audiences, especially for those who are underrepresented in the sciences. By way of carefully crafted space and earth science educational opportunities and resources, we seek to connect with people's sense of wonder and facilitate making personal ties to science and the learning process in order to, ultimately, bring the richness of diversity to science and make science discovery accessible for all. Our audiences include teachers, students, education and outreach professionals, and the public. We partner with NASA, the National Science Foundation, scientists, teachers, science center and museum educators, park interpreters, and others with expertise in reaching particular audiences. With these partners, we develop resources and communities of practice, offer educator workshops, and run events for the public. We will will present on our pedagogical techniques, our metrics for success, and our evaluation findings of our education and outreach projects that help us towards reaching our vision: We envision a world filled with science literate societies capable of thriving with today's technology, while maintaining a sustainable balance with the natural world; a world where people develop and sustain the ability to think critically using observation and evidence and participate authentically in scientific endeavors; a world where people see themselves and their culture within the scientific enterprise, and understand science within the context that we are all under one sky and on one Earth. Photo Caption: Multiverse Team Members at our Space Sciences Laboratory from left to right: Leitha Thrall, Daniel Zevin, Bryan Mendez, Nancy Ali, Igor Ruderman, Laura Peticolas, Ruth Paglierani, Renee Frappier, Rikki Shackelford, Claire Raftery, Karin Hauck, and Darlene Yan.

  8. Who Pioneered the Use of Antipsychotics in North America?

    PubMed Central

    Stip, Emmanuel

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Neuroleptics were introduced into North America 60 years ago. The credit for this advance is generally accorded to Heinz Lehmann. I sought to explore whether Lehmann really was the first North American psychiatrist to study the effects of chlorpromazine (CPZ) and to provide a more balanced view of its application in a clinical context. Method: I searched for historical documents and published articles in several libraries and interviewed psychiatrists active from 1952–1970. Results: The first article in English was published in the July volume of the Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry in 1954 (n = 71). Another article, written in French by Roland Saucier and published in a journal called Le Saguenay Médical, also described the effects of CPZ on a Canadian psychiatric population in August 1954 (n > 200). However, the first prescription for CPZ was written by Roland Saucier, who brought the product back from Paris after a fellowship there. Ruth Kajander, in Ontario, was also one of the first prescribers of this drug, following her study of its use in anesthesia and a publication in the proceedings of a symposium. Conclusion: The contents of the 2 naturalistic studies were compared. Lehmann’s study started 1 month before that of Saucier. Lehmann was the first North American psychiatrist to publish an article on CPZ, but Roland Saucier nevertheless made an important contribution, being the first to prescribe this drug in North America and reporting results for a study with a sample size 3 times that of Lehmann’s study. PMID:25886681

  9. Corrective Action Decision Document/Corrective Action Plan for Corrective Action Unit 104: Area 7 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0

    SciTech Connect

    Patrick Matthews

    2012-10-01

    CAU 104 comprises the following corrective action sites (CASs): • 07-23-03, Atmospheric Test Site T-7C • 07-23-04, Atmospheric Test Site T7-1 • 07-23-05, Atmospheric Test Site • 07-23-06, Atmospheric Test Site T7-5a • 07-23-07, Atmospheric Test Site - Dog (T-S) • 07-23-08, Atmospheric Test Site - Baker (T-S) • 07-23-09, Atmospheric Test Site - Charlie (T-S) • 07-23-10, Atmospheric Test Site - Dixie • 07-23-11, Atmospheric Test Site - Dixie • 07-23-12, Atmospheric Test Site - Charlie (Bus) • 07-23-13, Atmospheric Test Site - Baker (Buster) • 07-23-14, Atmospheric Test Site - Ruth • 07-23-15, Atmospheric Test Site T7-4 • 07-23-16, Atmospheric Test Site B7-b • 07-23-17, Atmospheric Test Site - Climax These 15 CASs include releases from 30 atmospheric tests conducted in the approximately 1 square mile of CAU 104. Because releases associated with the CASs included in this CAU overlap and are not separate and distinguishable, these CASs are addressed jointly at the CAU level. The purpose of this CADD/CAP is to evaluate potential corrective action alternatives (CAAs), provide the rationale for the selection of recommended CAAs, and provide the plan for implementation of the recommended CAA for CAU 104. Corrective action investigation (CAI) activities were performed from October 4, 2011, through May 3, 2012, as set forth in the CAU 104 Corrective Action Investigation Plan.

  10. Translating community-based participatory research principles into practice.

    PubMed

    Burke, Jessica G; Hess, Sally; Hoffmann, Kamden; Guizzetti, Lisa; Loy, Ellyn; Gielen, Andrea; Bailey, Maryanne; Walnoha, Adrienne; Barbee, Genevieve; Yonas, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Although academics are trained in research methods, few receive formal training in strategies for implementing equitable community engaged research. Academics and their community partners can benefit from such direction and assistance as they establish and maintain community-based participatory research (CBPR) partnerships. Research partners from the University of Pittsburgh, the Johns Hopkins Center for Injury Research and Policy, and the House of Ruth Maryland, one of the nation's leading domestic violence centers serving Baltimore and the surrounding areas, joined together to design, implement, and evaluate a series of activities to increase local CPBR capacity. This article provides an overview of process and findings from two CBPR workshops jointly held for academic and community members and explores specific suggestions from the workshop participants about how to put the CBPR principles into practice to promote community engaged research to address intimate partner violence (IPV). Twenty-four academic and community partners with experience addressing IPV participated in the two workshops. Facilitators led discussions based on the core CPBR principles. Participants were asked to interpret those principles, identify actions that could help to put the principles into practice, and discuss challenges related to CBPR approaches for IPV research. Observational notes and transcripts of the discussions and workshop evaluations are summarized. The CBPR principles were interpreted and revised through consensus into common language that reflected the group discussion of the core CBPR principles. Workshop participants provided a range of actions for putting the principles into practice and identified the need for sensitivity in relation to IPV research. A majority of participants felt that the workshop generated novel ideas about how they could use CPBR in their own work. Translating CBPR principles into common, action-oriented language is a useful first step when

  11. Where are you sucking from? Using Stable Isotopes to understand Host Specificity in two Hemiparasitic plants above the tree line in Northern Sweden

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Macias Sevde, A. S.

    2012-12-01

    By Alejandro Macias, Erik Hobbie, Ruth Varner, Kaitlyn Steele Hemiparasites are known to suck nutrients from nearby plants but their host specificity is not well understood. Hemiparasites are ecosystem engineers, limiting surrounding plant's growth, and decreasing local biodiversity. To better understand this phenomenon, the host specificities of two hemiparasitic angiosperms, Bartsia alpina , and Pedicularis lapponica were studied above the tree line along an elevational gradient in Sweden. B. alpina specialized in wetter environments, as indicated by their higher δ13C signature, and their growth among Salixsp.Betula nana, Bistorta vivipara, Viola biflora, Geranium sp., and Trollious europaeus. P. lapponica was common in drier, less species rich environments, known as heaths, where B. nana, Empetrum negrum, Phyllodoce coeruela, Vaccinium myrtillus and Vaccinium vitis-idaea are the most common species. P. lapponica had higher foliage δ13C due to its better water-use efficiency in a dry environment. Field survey data and δN15 values of both the foliage of the parasitic plants and their potential hosts were used to determine host specificity. Since the δN15 value of the hemiparasitic plant and its host are similar due to parasitism, it was determined that P. lapponica had a preference for plants with an ericoid mycorrhizal association, such as Vaccinium sp, and E. negrum, but not for the common P. coeruela. This does not support the idea found in the literature that P. lapponica has a preference for grasses. B. alpina was less host specific, associating with non-mycorrhizal, ericoid, and ectomycorhizal plants, such as Carex sp, Vaccinium sp., and S. lapponum. The ectomycorrhizal species, Salix sp., and B. nana, were both potential hosts for B. alpina and P. lapponica due to their presence among them. However, the isotopic data revealed that B. alpina had a preference for Salix sp., and P. lapponica had a preference for B. nana.

  12. Normal development, oncogenesis and programmed cell death.

    PubMed

    Liebermann, D A

    1998-09-10

    Meeting's Report -- June 2, 1998, Sugarload Estate Conference Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. A symposium on Normal Development, Oncogenesis and Programmed Cell Death, was held at the Sugarload Estate Conference Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA sponsored by the Fels Cancer Institute, Temple University School of Medicine, with the support of the Alliance Pharmaceutical Corporation. The symposium was organized by Drs Dan A Liebermann and Barbara Hoffman at the Fels. Invited speakers included: Dr Andrei V Gudkov (University of Illinois) who started the symposium talking about 'New cellular factors modulating the tumor suppressor function of p53'; Dr Yuri Lazebnik (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratories) spoke about 'Caspases considered as enemies within'; Dr E Premkumar Reddy (Fels Institute, Temple University) talked about recent exciting findings in his laboratory regarding 'JAK-STATs dedicated signaling pathways'; Dr Michael Greenberg (Harvard University) spoke about 'Signal transduction pathways that regulate differentiation and survival in the developing nervous system'; Dr Richard Kolesnick's (Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center) talk has been focused at 'Stress signals for apoptosis, including Ceramide and c-Jun Kinase/Stress-activated Protein Kinase'; Dr Barbara Hoffman (Fels Institute, Temple University) described research, conducted in collaboration with Dr Dan A Liebermann, aimed at deciphering the roles of 'myc, myb, and E2F as negative regulators of terminal differentiation', using hematopoietic cells as model system. Dr Daniel G Tenen (Harvard Medical School), described studies aimed at understanding the 'Regulation of hematopoietic cell development by lineage specific transcription regulators'. Dr George C Prendergast (The Wistar Institute) talked about the 'Myc-Bin1 signaling pathway in cell death and differentiation. Dr Ruth J Muschel (University of Pennsylvania) spoke about work, conducted in collaboration with Dr WG McKenna, aimed at

  13. Career Satisfaction and Perceived Salary Competitiveness among Individuals Who Completed Postdoctoral Research Training in Cancer Prevention.

    PubMed

    Faupel-Badger, Jessica M; Nelson, David E; Izmirlian, Grant

    2017-01-01

    Studies examining career satisfaction of biomedical scientists are limited, especially in the context of prior postdoctoral training. Here we focused on career satisfaction defined as satisfaction with one's career trajectory and perceived salary competitiveness among a predominantly Ph.D.-trained population of scientists who completed cancer prevention-related postdoctoral training between 1987-2011. National Cancer Institute (NCI) Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program (CPFP) alumni (n = 114), and previous recipients of NCI-sponsored Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award (NRSA/F32) postdoctoral fellowships (n = 140) completed online surveys. Associations of career satisfaction and perception of salary competitiveness with demographic, training, and employment-related factors were examined using logistic regression. Overall, 61% reported high levels of satisfaction with their career trajectory to-date. Higher salary (odds ratio [OR] = 2.86, 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.07-7.69) and having more leadership roles (OR = 2.26, 95% CI:1.04-4.90) were independently associated with higher career satisfaction. Persons with race/ethnicity other than white (OR = 0.40, 95% CI: 0.20-0.82) or age ≥ 50 (OR = 0.40, 95%CI: 0.17-0.94) had lower career satisfaction levels. There were no statistically significant differences in career satisfaction levels by gender, scientific discipline, or employment sector. 74% perceived their current salary as competitive, but persons with 5-9, or ≥10 years in their current position reported lower levels (OR = 0.31, 95% CI: 0.15-0.65; and OR = 0.37, 95% CI: 0.16-0.87, respectively), as did individuals in government positions (OR = 0.33, 95% CI: 0.11-0.98). These data add to the understanding of career satisfaction of those with advanced training in biomedical research by examining these measures in relation to prior postdoctoral research training and across multiple career sectors.

  14. The 7th International Workshop on Chiral Dynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The 7th International Workshop Chiral Dynamics: Theory and Experiment (CD12) took place at Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia, USA, from August 6 to 10, 2012. Following in the tradition of this triennial series of Conferences, it attracted theorists and experimentalists, who were brought together to highlight the recent progress in the field of low energy QCD, and to discuss and explore the direction for future development. The conference consisted of plenary talks and three working groups. We would like to thank the working group organizers for their dedicated effort, namely: Goldstone Bosons: Mario Antonelli, Liping Gan, Jorge Portoles and Urs Wenger; Hadron Structure: Alessandro Bacchetta, Bastian Kubis, Kostas Orginos and Karl Slifer and Few Body Physics: Andreas Nogga, Assumpta Parreno, Michele Viviani and Henry Weller. We would like to express our special thanks to our co-organizers, Patricia Solvignon, Harald Griesshammer, Rocco Schiavilla, Dinko Pocanic, Robert Edwards, and Alexandre Deur for their hard work and advice. Last but not least, we thank the International Advisory Committee for their very useful inputs to the CD12 program. The organizers thank the excellent logistic and administrative support provided by the Jefferson Lab Conference Staff, Ruth Bizot, Cynthia Lockwood, Stephanie Vermeire, Marti Hightower and MeLaina Evans, and the Conference Secretary Mary Fox, which was instrumental for the success of the organization of CD12. We thank Joanna Griffin for the poster design. CD12 was primarily sponsored by Jefferson Lab, along with generous supports from Old Dominion University and the European Physics Journal. The CD12 homepage is located at http://www.jlab.org/conference/CD12 The upcoming Chiral Dynamics Workshop will take place in Pisa, Italy, in 2015. We thank Laura Marcucci and Michele Viviani for graciously taking the baton from us. Jose Goity and Jianping Chen

  15. Depositional phasing of volcanic aerosols in the WAIS Divide ice core over the past 2400 years

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koffman, B. G.; Kreutz, K. J.; Breton, D. J.; Dunbar, N. W.; Kurbatov, A.

    2011-12-01

    Explosive volcanic events originating in the tropics are an intermittent but significant factor in climate forcing, with the potential to cause global cooling for up to several years. Evidence of prehistoric eruptions in the form of tephra has been documented in sedimentary records throughout the globe, including the polar ice sheets. The chemical record of volcanic aerosols is also found in ice core records. While the record of tropical volcanism observed in Antarctic ice cores (based on sulfate deposition) is consistent regionally, little to no evidence of insoluble aerosols (ash particles) from tropical eruptions has been found. The upper 577 m (2400 years) of the WAIS Divide deep ice core (WDC06A) was melted using the UMaine WAIS Melt Monitor system, which allows accurate mm-scale depth co-registration of electrical conductivity and particle data, with subsequent collection of discrete samples for expanded particle, glaciochemical and geochemical analysis. The concentration and size distribution of microparticles were measured using a flow-through Klotz Abakus laser particle detector, developed by Ruth et al (2002) and calibrated with Coulter-Counter measurements. High-resolution analysis of ice spanning these volcanic intervals indicates that insoluble aerosols consistently arrive sooner than soluble aerosols (i.e., sulfate) at the WAIS Divide site (e.g., the Kuwae, Vanuatu eruption of ~1452 C.E.; Figure 1). We have observed this phasing difference for multiple tropical eruptions, including Agung (1963 C.E.), Krakatau/Tarawera (1886/1883), Tambora (1815), Kuwae (~1452) and Unknown (~1259). This phasing difference, which is on the order of 6-18 months, appears to be related to the eruptive column height and atmospheric transport of material.

  16. Assessing the use of HIV surveillance data to help gauge patient retention-in-care

    PubMed Central

    Lubelchek, Ronald J.; Finnegan, Katelynne J.; Hotton, Anna L.; Hazen, Ronald; Murphy, Patricia; Prachand, Nikhil G.; Benbow, Nanette

    2015-01-01

    Background Improved retention-in-care may enhance health outcomes for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). While laboratory surveillance data may be used to gauge retention, no previous reports have compared surveillance lab vs. clinic visit-based measures of retention-in-care. We compared lab surveillance vs. clinic visit-based approaches for identifying retention status for PLWHA. Methods We examined 2011 patient visit data from the Ruth M. Rothstein CORE Center, Cook County's HIV clinic. We defined retained patients as those with visits every 6 months over 2 years and matched patients classified via visit data against HIV surveillance labs reported to the Chicago Department of Health. We determined the sensitivity, specificity and receiver operator characteristics of varying lab surveillance vs. clinic visit measures of retention. Results Of patients classified via clinic visit data, 91% of 1,714 in-care vs. 22% of 200 out-of-care patients met our most stringent surveillance based retention definition – having ≥ 2 viral load/CD4s performed 90 days apart reported by the same laboratory in 2011. Of surveillance lab-based definitions for retention, having ≥ 2 HIV viral load and/or CD4 values at least 3 months apart reported from the same facility possessed the best receiver operator parameters and the receiver operator characteristics curve comparing several surveillance lab vs. clinic-visit based retention measures had an area under the curve of 0.95. Discussion Our findings demonstrate that surveillance laboratory data can be used to assess retention-in-care for PLWHA. These data suggest that bi-directional data sharing between public health entities and care providers could advance re-engagement efforts. PMID:25867775

  17. New cation-exchange material based on a sulfonated 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene monomer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stéphan, O.; Schottland, P.; Le Gall, P.-Y.; Chevrot, C.

    1998-06-01

    The electrochemical oxidation, in aqueous medium, of a 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene monomer functionalized by a sulfonate group exhibiting cation-exchange properties, allows the synthesis of a new type of water-soluble material. In order to synthesize in water, by oxidative electropolymerization, polymer films of controlled thickness containing attached sulfonate groups, we have investigated the polymerization of the functionalized monomer in the presence of the unsubstituted one without supporting electrolyte. Using an equimolar mixture (0.01 mol/l) of both monomers, copolymers exhibiting cation exchange abilities have been synthesized. As an example, th easy incorporation of hexaamine-ruthenium(III) into one of these copolymers is briefly reported. L'oxydation électrochimique en milieu aqueux d'un monomère de type 3,4- éthylènedioxythiophène fonctionnalisé par un groupement sulfonate permet d'envisager la synthèse d'un nouveau type de polymère hydrosoluble. Afin d'obtenir électrochimiquement en milieu aqueux, un film de polymère d'épaisseur contrôlée contenant des groupements sulfonates, nous avons evisagé de polymériser ce monomère en présence de son homologue non substitué. En partant d'un mélange équimolaire (0.01 mol/l) des deux monomères et en l'absence d'électrolyte support, nous avons synthétisé un matériau possédant des propriétés d'échange de cations. A titre d'exemple, nous présentons brièvement l'incorporation d'un complexe hexaaminé du ruthénium(III) dans un de ces copolymères.

  18. Looking for Life in Extreme Environments on Earth and Beyond: Professional Development Workshop for Educators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Droppo, R.; Pratt, L.; Suchecki, P. C.

    2010-08-01

    The Looking for Life in Extreme Environments workshop held at Indiana University Bloomington in July of 2009 was the first in a series of workshops for high-school teachers that are currently in development. The workshops' modules are based on the research of faculty members in the Departments of Geological Sciences, Biology, and Astronomy, the School of Education, and the School of Public and Environmental Affairs at Indiana University Bloomington; the modules use lessons from Exploring Deep-Subsurface Life. Earth Analogues for Possible Life on Mars: Lessons and Activities, curricular materials that were produced and edited by Lisa Pratt and Ruth Droppo and published by NASA in 2008. Exploring Deep-Subsurface Life is a workbook, a DVD (with closed-captioning), and a CD with the lessons in digital text format for adaptation to classroom needs and printing. Each lesson includes the National Education Standards that apply to the materials. The workbook's lessons are written with three considerations: Life Domains, Cellular Metabolism, and Extreme Environments and Microbes. Students are challenged to build, draw, measure, discuss, and participate in laboratory processes and experiments that help them understand and describe microbes and their environments. In the Capstone, the students write a grant proposal based on the three lessons' analogues. The DVD is collection of videotaped interviews with scientists in laboratories at Michigan State, Princeton, and Indiana University, who are working on water and gas samples they collected from deep gold mines in South Africa and the Canadian Arctic. The interview materials and some animated graphics are compiled into four video pieces that support and compliment the accompanying workbook lessons and activities, and offer students insight into the excitement of scientific discovery.

  19. Experimental Autoimmune Myasthenia Gravis (EAMG): from immunochemical characterization to therapeutic approaches.

    PubMed

    Fuchs, Sara; Aricha, Revital; Reuveni, Debby; Souroujon, Miriam C

    2014-11-01

    Myasthenia Gravis (MG) is an organ-specific autoimmune disease. In high percentage of patients there are autoantibodies to the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) that attack AChR on muscle cells at the neuromuscular junction, resulting in muscle weakness. Experimental Autoimmune Myasthenia Gravis (EAMG) is an experimental model disease for MG. EAMG is induced in several animal species by immunization with acetylcholine receptor (AChR), usually isolated from the electric organ of electric fish, which is a rich source for this antigen. Our lab has been involved for several decades in research of AChR and of EAMG. The availability of an experimental autoimmune disease that mimics in many aspects the human disease, provides an excellent model system for elucidating the immunological nature and origin of MG, for studying various existing treatment modalities and for attempting the development of novel treatment approaches. In this review in honor of Michael Sela and Ruth Arnon, we report first on our early pioneering contributions to research on EAMG. These include the induction of EAMG in several animal species, early attempts for antigen-specific treatment for EAMG, elicitation and characterization of monoclonal antibodies and anti-idiotypic antibodies, measuring humoral and cellular AChR-specific immune responses in MG patient and more. In the second part of the review we discuss more recent studies from our lab towards developing and testing novel treatment approaches for myasthenia. These include antigen-dependent treatments aimed at specifically abrogating the humoral and cellular anti-AChR responses, as well as immunomodulatory approaches that could be used either alone, or in conjunction with antigen-specific treatments, or alternatively, serve as steroid-sparing agents.

  20. Commentary: the 1944 patulin trial: the first properly controlled multicentre trial conducted under the aegis of the British Medical Research Council.

    PubMed

    Chalmers, Iain; Clarke, Mike

    2004-04-01

    The 1948 report of the British Medical Research Council's randomized trial of streptomycin for pulmonary tuberculosis is widely regarded as marking the beginning of the modern history of controlled clinical trials. Four years earlier, however, a methodologically sophisticated multicentre trial conducted under the aegis of the Medical Research Council was reported, which assessed the effects of the antibiotic patulin on the course of common colds. Philip D'Arcy Hart and Joan Faulkner (later Joan Doll) were the secretary and assistant secretary, respectively, to the committee overseeing the trial, and they clearly recognized the importance of preventing foreknowledge of allocations from those admitting patients to the study. To do this and to 'muddle people up', they and Ruth D'Arcy Hart devised a scheme involving the use of two patulin groups and two placebo groups, allocating patients to one of these four groups using strict rotation. Philip D'Arcy Hart believes that this study has been overshadowed by the celebrated streptomycin trial (for which he was also secretary to the oversight committee) because no beneficial effect of patulin was detected, and because the report of the streptomycin trial referred to the use of random sampling numbers to generate the allocation schedule. This article makes clear why we agree with Philip D'Arcy Hart that the 1944 patulin trial deserves wider recognition as the first well controlled, multicentre clinical trial to have been conducted under the aegis of the British Medical Research Council. This status is reflected in the International Journal of Epidemiology's reproduction of the full text of the trial report in this issue of the journal.

  1. On the 'discovery' of vitamin A.

    PubMed

    Semba, Richard D

    2012-01-01

    Vitamin A is essential for normal growth, reproduction, immunity, and vision. The characterization of vitamin A spanned a period of about 130 years. During this long, incremental process, there is no single event that can be called the 'discovery' of vitamin A. The physiologist François Magendie conducted nutritional deprivation experiments with dogs in 1816 that resulted in corneal ulcers and high mortality - a finding similar to the common clinical situation in poorly fed, abandoned infants in Paris. In the 1880s, Nicolai Lunin showed that there was an unknown substance in milk that was essential for nutrition. Carl Socin suggested that an unknown substance for growth in egg yolk was fat soluble. Frederick Gowland Hopkins proposed in 1906 that there were 'unsuspected dietetic factors' that were necessary for life. In 1911, Wilhelm Stepp demonstrated that this essential substance in milk was fat soluble. The following year, Hopkins showed that there were 'accessory factors' present in 'astonishingly small amounts' in milk that supported life. Contrary to the dogma that all fats had similar nutritional value, in 1913, Elmer McCollum and Marguerite Davis at Wisconsin and Thomas Osborne and Lafayette Mendel at Yale showed butter and egg yolk were not equivalent to lard and olive oil in supporting the growth and survival of rats. The growth-supporting 'accessory factor' became known as 'fat-soluble A' in 1918 and then 'vitamin A' in 1920. Paul Karrer described the chemical structure of vitamin A in 1932. Harry Holmes and Ruth Corbet isolated and crystallized vitamin A in 1937. Methods for the synthesis of vitamin A came with the work of David Adriaan van Dorp and Jozef Ferdinand Arens in 1946 and Otto Isler and colleagues in 1947. Further work on the role of vitamin A in immunity and child survival continued until through the 1990s. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  2. New Selective Estrogen and Androgen Receptor Modulators

    PubMed Central

    Clarke, Bart L.; Khosla, Sundeep

    2010-01-01

    Purpose of Review The present review focuses on the most significant recent findings regarding selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) and selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs). SERMs, which interact with estrogen receptor (ER)-α and ER-β in multiple tissues, continue to generate clinical interest in potential applications in as many disorders as the tissues in which the two known receptors are found. SARMs have been demonstrated to have fewer clinical applications to date, but continue to be investigated for use in multiple disorders in which androgen receptor (AR) modulation is likely to be important. Both types of compounds hold great promise for therapeutic use in multiple hormonal disorders involving tissue-specific effects mediated by estrogen or androgen receptors. Recent Findings While SERMs have been available for clinical use for 50 years, recent investigation has focused on large randomized clinical trials for newer indications of older agents, or smaller clinical trials of newer agents with improved clinical activity and reduced side effects in specific tissues. In particular, the large, prospective, randomized, controlled, multi-year STAR and RUTH clinical trials have recently shown interesting similarities and differences between tamoxifen and raloxifene in estrogen-responsive tissues. Lasofoxifene and arzoxifene are two newer SERMs that have recently been demonstrated to improve bone mineral density and lower serum cholesterol values compared to older SERMs in smaller clinical trials. SARMs are a newer category of drug still being investigated mostly at the basic and preclinical level, with fewer clinical trials available for review. SARMs are currently being investigated mostly for use in prostate cancer at different stages, but hold promise for multiple other applications. Summary Recent clinical trials indicate that selective estrogen receptor modulators are useful in treatment of disorders of bone and mineral metabolism and

  3. Preliminary study on evaluation of the pancreatic tail observable limit of transabdominal ultrasonography using a position sensor and CT-fusion image.

    PubMed

    Sumi, Hajime; Itoh, Akihiro; Kawashima, Hiroki; Ohno, Eizaburo; Itoh, Yuya; Nakamura, Yosuke; Hiramatsu, Takeshi; Sugimoto, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Daijuro; Kuwahara, Takamichi; Morishima, Tomomasa; Kawai, Manabu; Furukawa, Kazuhiro; Funasaka, Kohei; Nakamura, Masanao; Miyahara, Ryoji; Katano, Yoshiaki; Ishigami, Masatoshi; Ohmiya, Naoki; Goto, Hidemi; Hirooka, Yoshiki

    2014-08-01

    Transabdominal ultrasonography (US) is commonly used for the initial screening of bilio-pancreatic diseases in Asian countries due to its widespread availability, the non-invasiveness and the cost-effectiveness. However, it is considered that US has limits to observe the area, namely the blind area. The observation of the pancreatic tail is particularly difficult. The goal of this study was to examine the pancreatic tail region that cannot be visualized on transverse scanning of the upper abdomen using US with spatial positional information and factors related to visualization, and observation of the tail from the splenic hilum. Thirty-nine patients with pancreatic/biliary tract disease underwent CT and US with GPS-like technology and fusion imaging for measurement of the real pancreatic length and the predicted/real unobservable (PU and RU) length of the pancreatic tail. RU from US on transverse scanning and the real pancreatic length were used to determine the unobservable area (UA: RU/the real pancreatic length). Relationships of RU with physical and hematological variables that might influence visualization of the pancreatic tail were investigated. The real pancreatic length was 160.9 ± 16.4mm, RU was 41.0 ± 17.8mm, and UA was 25.3 ± 10.4%. RU was correlated with BMI (R=0.446, P=0.004) and waist circumferences (R=0.354, P=0.027), and strongly correlated with PU (R=0.788, P<0.001). The pancreatic tail was visible from the splenic hilum in 22 (56%) subjects and was completely identified in 13 (33%) subjects. Combined GPS-like technology with fusion imaging was useful for the objective estimation of the pancreatic blind area. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Opportunities to integrate solar technologies into the Chilean lithium mining industry - reducing process related GHG emissions of a strategic storage resource

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Telsnig, Thomas; Potz, Christian; Haas, Jannik; Eltrop, Ludger; Palma-Behnke, Rodrigo

    2017-06-01

    The arid northern regions of Chile are characterized by an intensive mineral mining industry and high solar irradiance levels. Besides Chile's main mining products, copper, molybdenum and iron, the production of lithium carbonate from lithium containing brines has become strategically important due to the rising demand for battery technologies worldwide. Its energy-intensive production may affect the ecological footprint of the product and the country's climate targets. Thus, the use of solar technologies for electricity and heat production might constitute an interesting option for CO2 mitigation. This study aims to quantify the impacts of the lithium carbonate production processes in Chile on climate change, and to identify site-specific integration options of solar energy technologies to reduce GHG life-cycle emissions. The considered solar integration options include a parabolic trough power plant with a molten salt storage, a solar tower power plant with molten salt receiver and molten salt storage, a one-axis tracking photovoltaic energy system for electricity, and two solar thermal power plants with Ruths storage (steam accumulator) for thermal heat production. CSP plants were identified as measures with the highest GHG mitigation potential reducing the CO2 emissions for the entire production chain and the lithium production between 16% and 33%. In a scenario that combines solar technologies for electricity and thermal energy generation, up to 59% of the CO2 emissions at the lithium production sites in Chile can be avoided. A comparison of the GHG abatement costs of the proposed solar integration options indicates that the photovoltaic system, the solar thermal plant with limited storage and the solar tower power plant are the most cost effective options.

  5. Medicaid reimbursement. Removal must be medically indicated in some states.

    PubMed

    1993-10-01

    Ruth Macklin, an epidemiologist at Albert Einstein Medical College and member of the National Advisory Board in Ethics in Reproduction, finds that any policy that restricts a woman's right to have implants removed is unethical. If a medical reason must be given for implant removal, then dislike of this method should be a medically viable reason that the clinician is obligated to support. Side effects such as weight gain should also be considered a viable medical reason for removal of implants. Coercion is the refusal to allow a person to discontinue a contraceptive method or any other drug that has unacceptable side effects to the user. Joyce Brown, director of the South Carolina family planning program in Columbia, indicated that Medicaid policy stipulated reimbursement for removal was contingent on medical indications. Most reasons in South Carolina are accepted due to a pattern of extensive counseling before implantation. The desire for a pregnancy would not be a medically justified reason for removal. Colorado does not have any restrictions on implant removal. Weight gain, uterine bleeding, hair loss, depression, and loss of libido were all indicated as medically acceptable reasons for removal. In South Dakota, however, women on Medicaid are not entitled to reimbursement for removal with a medical reason. In practice, the example is given of a South Dakota homeless shelter woman who requested a Medicaid removal due to excessive weight gain (65 lbs in 6 months) and was denied removal unless she agreed to a tubal ligation. The woman went out of state, and the Native American Women's Health Education Resource Center is considering taking legal action. The program director, Charon Asetoyer, finds this practice forced sterilization.

  6. Discovery of rotavirus: Implications for child health.

    PubMed

    Bishop, Ruth

    2009-10-01

    For centuries, acute diarrhea has been a major worldwide cause of death in young children, and until 1973, no infectious agents could be identified in about 80% of patients admitted to hospital with severe dehydrating diarrhea. In 1973 Ruth Bishop, Geoffrey Davidson, Ian Holmes, and Brian Ruck identified abundant particles of a 'new' virus (rotavirus) in the cytoplasm of mature epithelial cells lining duodenal villi and in feces, from such children admitted to the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne. Rotaviruses have now been shown to cause 40-50% of severe acute diarrhea in young children worldwide in both developing and developed countries, and > 600 000 young children die annually from rotavirus disease, predominantly in South-East Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Longitudinal surveillance studies following primary infection in young children have shown that rotavirus reinfections are common. However the immune response that develops after primary infection is protective against severe symptoms on reinfection. This observation became the basis for development of live oral rotavirus vaccines. Two safe and effective vaccines are now licensed in 100 countries and in use in 17 countries (including Australia). Rotarix (GSK) is a single attenuated human rotavirus, representative of the most common serotype identified worldwide (G1P[8]). RotaTeq (Merck) is a pentavalent mixture of naturally attenuated bovine/human rotavirus reassortants representing G1, G2, G3, G4, and P(8) serotypes. Preliminary surveillance of the numbers of children requiring hospitalization for severe diarrhea, in USA, Brazil, and Australia, after introduction of these vaccines, encourages the hope that rotavirus infection need no longer be a threat to young children worldwide.

  7. An Introduction to Rotorcraft Research at NASA Ames

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chen, Robert T. N.; Aiken, Edwin W. (Technical Monitor)

    1997-01-01

    NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA is the NASA lead Center for rotorcraft research. Rotorcraft research at Ames includes system analysis and configuration optimization, aeromechanics, and flight control and cockpit integration. Research in other areas such as composite structure and material, and rotor acoustics are conducted mainly at Langley Research Center, and rotorcraft propulsion and drivetrain are conducted at Lewis Research Center. This seminar will discuss Ames' rotorcraft research goals and some sample research projects and results. The talk will also briefly describe the newly fanned Army/NASA Rotorcraft Division, which combines the resources of rotorcraft branches in NASA Ames Aeronautics Directorate with Army's Aeroflightdynamics Directorate to better achieve the missions of the two previous rotorcraft research organizations at Ames. Rotorcraft research activities at NASA Ames are funded by two main program categories: Research and Technology (RUTH Base program and the Short Haul (Civil Tiltrotor) program. Work in the R&T program is carried out by the research staff in the Army/NASA Rotorcraft Division, and the work on SH(CT) program is carried out jointly by the SH(CT) program office and the Army/NASA Rotorcraft Division. Sample research projects and results in REST base program, such as conceptual assessment of several high-speed rotorcraft, rotorcraft CFD, individual blade control for reduction of external noise and vibration, noise-abatement flight procedures, engine inoperative procedures, handling qualities, and advanced flight control laws are broadly reviewed. High-speed rotorcraft research related to SH(CT) technology development conducted at Ames in the areas of low-noise proprotor, and low-noise terminal-area operations is also discussed.

  8. Report on the 5‘th scientific meeting of the “Verein zur Förderung des Wissenschaftlichen Nachwuchses in der Neurologie” (NEUROWIND e.V.) held in Motzen, Germany, Oct. 25th – Oct. 27th, 2013

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    From october 25th - 27th 2013, the 5th NEUROWIND e.V. meeting was held in Motzen, Brandenburg, Germany. This year more than 60 doctoral students and postdocs from over 25 different groups working in German university hospitals or research institutes attended the meeting to discuss their latest findings in the fields of neuroimmunology, neurodegeneration and neurovascular research. All participants appreciated the stimulating environment in Motzen, Brandenburg, and people took the opportunity for scientific exchange, discussion about ongoing projects and already started further collaborations. Like in the previous years, the symposium was regarded as a very well organized platform to support research of young investigators in Germany. According to the major aim of NEUROWIND e.V. to support younger researchers in Germany the 3rd NEUROWIND YOUNG SCIENTIST AWARD for experimental neurology was awarded to Ruth Stassart working in the group of Klaus Armin Nave and Wolfgang Brück (MPI Göttingen and Department of Neuropathology, Göttingen Germany). The successful work was published in Nature Neuroscience entitled “A role for Swann cell-derived neuregulin-1 in remyelination”. This outstanding paper deals with the function of Schwann cell neuregulin as an endogenous factor for myelin repair. The award is endowed with 20.000 Euro sponsored by Merck Serono GmbH, Darmstadt, Germany (unrestricted educational grant). This year’s keynote lecture was given by Albert Ludolph, Head of the Department of Neurology at the University Clinic of Ulm. Dr. Ludolph highlighted the particular role of individual scientists for the development of research concepts in Alzheimer´s disease (AD) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). PMID:24330587

  9. The June surprises: balls, strikes, and the fog of war.

    PubMed

    Fried, Charles

    2013-04-01

    At first, few constitutional experts took seriously the argument that the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act exceeded Congress's power under the commerce clause. The highly political opinions of two federal district judges - carefully chosen by challenging plaintiffs - of no particular distinction did not shake that confidence that the act was constitutional. This disdain for the challengers' arguments was only confirmed when the act was upheld by two highly respected conservative court of appeals judges in two separate circuits. But after the hostile, even mocking questioning of the government's advocate in the Supreme Court by the five Republican-appointed justices, the expectation was that the act would indeed be struck down on that ground. So it came as no surprise when the five opined the act did indeed exceed Congress's commerce clause power. But it came as a great surprise when Chief Justice John Roberts, joined by the four Democrat-appointed justices, ruled that the act could be sustained as an exercise of Congress's taxing power - a ground urged by the government almost as an afterthought. It was further surprising, even shocking, that Justices Antonin Scalia, Anthony Kennedy, Clarence Thomas, and Samuel Alito not only wrote a joint opinion on the commerce clause virtually identical to that of their chief, but that in writing it they did not refer to or even acknowledge his opinion. Finally surprising was the fact that Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Stephen Breyer joined the chief in holding that aspects of the act's Medicaid expansion were unconstitutional. This essay ponders and tries to unravel some of these puzzles.

  10. Abuse and resilience in relation to HAART medication adherence and HIV viral load among women with HIV in the United States.

    PubMed

    Dale, Sannisha; Cohen, Mardge; Weber, Kathleen; Cruise, Ruth; Kelso, Gwendolyn; Brody, Leslie

    2014-03-01

    Abuse is highly prevalent among HIV+ women, leading to behaviors, including lower adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) that result in poor health outcomes. Resilience (functioning competently despite adversity) may buffer the negative effects of abuse. This study investigated how resilience interacted with abuse history in relation to HAART adherence, HIV viral load (VL), and CD4+ cell count among a convenience sample of 138 HIV+ women from the Ruth M. Rothstein CORE Center/Cook County Health and Hospital Systems site of the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS). Resilience was measured by the 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). HAART adherence (≥95% vs. <95% self reported usage of prescribed medication) and current or prior sexual, physical, or emotional/domestic abuse, were reported during structured interviews. HIV viral load (≥20 vs. <20 copies/mL) and CD4+ count (200 vs. <200 cells/mm) were measured with blood specimens. Multiple logistic regressions, controlling for age, race, income, enrollment wave, substance use, and depressive symptoms, indicated that each unit increase in resilience was significantly associated with an increase in the odds of having ≥95% HAART adherence and a decrease in the odds of having a detectable viral load. Resilience-Abuse interactions showed that only among HIV+ women with sexual abuse or multiple abuses did resilience significantly relate to an increase in the odds of ≥95% HAART adherence. Interventions to improve coping strategies that promote resilience among HIV+ women may be beneficial for achieving higher HAART adherence and viral suppression.

  11. Environmental Stewardship at the Savannah River Site: Generations of Success - 13212

    SciTech Connect

    Looney, Brian B.; Bergren, Christopher L.; Gaughan, Thomas F.; Aylward, Robert S.; Guevara, Karen C.; Whitaker, Wade C.; Hennessey, Brian T.; Mills, Gary L.; Blake, John I.

    2013-07-01

    Approximately sixty years ago, the Savannah River Site (SRS) was built to produce nuclear materials. SRS production operations impacted air, soil, groundwater, ecology, and the local environment. Throughout its history, SRS has addressed these contamination issues directly and has maintained a commitment to environmental stewardship. The Site boasts many environmental firsts. Notably, SRS was the first major Department of Energy (DOE) facility to perform a baseline ecological assessment. This pioneering effort, by Ruth Patrick and the Philadelphia Academy of Sciences, was performed during SRS planning and construction in the early 1950's. This unique early generation of work set the stage for subsequent efforts. Since that time, the scientists and engineers at SRS pro-actively identified environmental problems and developed and implemented effective and efficient environmental management and remediation solutions. This second generation, spanning the 1980's through the 2000's, is exemplified by numerous large and small cleanup actions to address metals and radionuclides, solvents and hydrocarbons, facility and area decommissioning, and ecological restoration. Recently, a third generation of environmental management was initiated as part of Enterprise SRS. This initiative to 'Develop and Deploy Next Generation Cleanup Technologies' formalizes and organizes the major technology matching, development, and implementation processes associated with historical SRS cleanup success as a resource to support future environmental management missions throughout DOE. The four elements of the current, third generation, effort relate to: 1) transition from active to passive cleanup, 2) in situ decommissioning of large nuclear facilities, 3) new long term monitoring paradigms, and 4) a major case study related to support for recovery and restoration of the Japanese Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear power plant and surrounding environment. (authors)

  12. [Discussion of actual legal minimum requirements for feeder space and perch length in laying hen husbandry in the light of the body widths measured in Lohmann Selected Leghorn and Lohmann Brown laying hens].

    PubMed

    Briese, Andreas; Spindler, Birgit

    2013-01-01

    Legal requirements on space and dimensions regarding furnished cages and alternative systems in laying hen husbandry are subject of constant discussion. Further knowledge about basic measures of the hens might help to come to reasonable results in the future. Digital images of Lohmann Selected Leghorn (LSL) and Lohmann Brown (LB) laying hens, housed at the Lehr- und Forschungsgut Ruthe, University for Veterinary Medicine Hanover, Foundation, in Big Dutchman Eurovent laying hen cages, were made at three stages (19th, 36th and 58th week) of production. All hens had been taken out of their cages by night and set on a perch in a special cage used to photograph the hens frontally under controlled conditions. Body widths were calculated by a python application Cdisto.py0 2009 Andreas Briese) to mark and measure the body width in the digital images of a total of 156 hens. Mean body widths of 133.77 mm in Lohmann-LSL hens (SD = 9.71; N = 64; mean weight: 1.73 kg) and of 152.55 mm in Lohmann-LB hens (SD = 10.31; N = 92; mean weight: 1.93 kg) respectively were found. Even slight changes in body weights had no effect on the body width. Nonetheless the differences between both hybrids were always statistically significant (Mann-Whitney p < 0,001). Using these preliminary results on body width in a mathematical model simultanious feeding behaviour becomes only possible if the number of animals is reduced by 10.3% to 89.7% in LSL and by 21.3% to 78.7% in LB breeds in relation to a calculated maximum on base of the minimum space requirements for furnished cages in the EU-Dir 74/1999/EC.

  13. African-Americans' perceptions of health care provider cultural competence that promote HIV medical self-care and antiretroviral medication adherence.

    PubMed

    Gaston, Gina B

    2013-01-01

    Most studies of cultural competence in healthcare examine healthcare providers' definitions of cultural competence practices. This study is unique in that it examines the relationship between African-American patients' perceptions of the cultural competence of their HIV healthcare providers and the adherence of these patients to medical self-care and antiretroviral therapy (ART). This cross-sectional, exploratory, descriptive study was conducted at the Ruth Rothstein CORE Center in Chicago, Illinois. The sample consisted of 202 HIV-positive African-Americans who completed surveys during clinic visits. Multiple measures were used, including the Patient Assessments of Cultural Competency survey instrument developed by the Department of Health and Human Services Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Medical self-care was measured using the advice and instructions scale and the self-care symptom management for people living with HIV/AIDS categorical scale. ART adherence was measured using the Adherence Behaviors Self-Report and Adherence Self-Report scales. The data revealed many significant correlations between variables. The more patients believed that providers should integrate culture in HIV treatment; the better their reported health (F1,138=0.151, P=0.05) and the more they followed their provider's advice and instructions (medical self-care; F1,138=0.029, P=0.05). Participants who trusted their providers engaged in more medical self-care (F1,138=0.280, P=0.01). More shared treatment decisions were reported among participants who had higher levels of education (F1,127=0.337, P=0.05). Findings of this study indicate the need for increased attention to the role of cultural competence in HIV/AIDS care. Understanding patient perceptions of provider cultural competence has the potential to improve HIV treatment adherence and health outcomes.

  14. Robert R. Shaw, MD: thoracic surgical hero, Afghanistan medical pioneer, champion for the patient, never a surgical society president.

    PubMed

    Urschel, Harold C; Urschel, Betsey Bradley

    2012-06-01

    Dr Robert R. Shaw arrived in Dallas to practice Thoracic Surgery in 1937, as John Alexander's 7th Thoracic Surgical Resident from Michigan University Medical Center. Dr Shaw's modus operandi was, "You can accomplish almost anything, if you don't care who gets the credit." He was a remarkable individual who cared the most about the patient and very little about getting credit for himself. From 1937 to 1970, Dr Shaw established one of the largest lung cancer surgical centers in the world in Dallas, Texas. It was larger than M.D. Anderson and Memorial Sloan-Kettering Hospitals put together regarding the surgical treatment of lung cancer patients. To accomplish this, he had the help of Dr Donald L. Paulson, who trained at the Mayo Clinic and served as Chief of Thoracic Surgery at Brook Army Hospital during the Second World War. Following the War, because of his love for Texas, he ended up as a partner of Dr Shaw in Dallas. Together, they pursued the development of this very large surgical lung cancer center. Dr Shaw and his wife Ruth went to Afghanistan with Medico multiple times to teach men modern cardiac and thoracic surgery. They also served as consultants on Medico's Ship of Hope in Africa. Dr Shaw initiated multiple new operations including: 1) resection of Pancoast's cancer of the lung after preoperative irradiation; 2) upper lobe of the lung bronchoplasty, reattaching (and saving) the lower lobe to prevent the "disabling" pneumonectomy; and 3) resections of pulmonary mucoid impaction of the lung in asthmatics. Because of his humility and giving "the credit to others," Dr Shaw was never President of a major medical or surgical association.

  15. Abuse and Resilience in Relation to HAART Medication Adherence and HIV Viral Load Among Women with HIV in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Cohen, Mardge; Weber, Kathleen; Cruise, Ruth; Kelso, Gwendolyn

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Abuse is highly prevalent among HIV+ women, leading to behaviors, including lower adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) that result in poor health outcomes. Resilience (functioning competently despite adversity) may buffer the negative effects of abuse. This study investigated how resilience interacted with abuse history in relation to HAART adherence, HIV viral load (VL), and CD4+ cell count among a convenience sample of 138 HIV+ women from the Ruth M. Rothstein CORE Center/Cook County Health and Hospital Systems site of the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS). Resilience was measured by the 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). HAART adherence (≥95% vs. <95% self reported usage of prescribed medication) and current or prior sexual, physical, or emotional/domestic abuse, were reported during structured interviews. HIV viral load (≥20 vs. <20 copies/mL) and CD4+ count (200 vs. <200 cells/mm) were measured with blood specimens. Multiple logistic regressions, controlling for age, race, income, enrollment wave, substance use, and depressive symptoms, indicated that each unit increase in resilience was significantly associated with an increase in the odds of having ≥95% HAART adherence and a decrease in the odds of having a detectable viral load. Resilience-Abuse interactions showed that only among HIV+ women with sexual abuse or multiple abuses did resilience significantly relate to an increase in the odds of ≥95% HAART adherence. Interventions to improve coping strategies that promote resilience among HIV+ women may be beneficial for achieving higher HAART adherence and viral suppression. PMID:24568654

  16. God, Mammon, and the Pursuit of Science in Tribology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Granick, Steve

    2000-03-01

    systems containing groundwater and, with equal plausibility, to bio-tribology. (Work performed with Sangmin Jeon, Hiroko Ohtani, Marina Ruths, Karen Schnurbusch, Xueyan Zhang, and Yingxi Zhu.)

  17. Flow instabilities of Alaskan glaciers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Turrin, James Bradley

    Over 300 of the largest glaciers in southern Alaska have been identified as either surge-type or pulse-type, making glaciers with flow instabilities the norm among large glaciers in that region. Consequently, the bulk of mass loss due to climate change will come from these unstable glaciers in the future, yet their response to future climate warming is unknown because their dynamics are still poorly understood. To help broaden our understanding of unstable glacier flow, the decadal-scale ice dynamics of 1 surging and 9 pulsing glaciers are investigated. Bering Glacier had a kinematic wave moving down its ablation zone at 4.4 +/- 2.0 km/yr from 2002 to 2009, which then accelerated to 13.9 +/- 2.0 km/yr as it traversed the piedmont lobe. The wave first appeared in 2001 near the confluence with Bagley Ice Valley and it took 10 years to travel ~64 km. A surge was triggered in 2008 after the wave activated an ice reservoir in the midablation zone, and it climaxed in 2011 while the terminus advanced several km into Vitus Lake. Ruth Glacier pulsed five times between 1973 and 2012, with peak velocities in 1981, 1989, 1997, 2003, and 2010; approximately every 7 years. A typical pulse increased ice velocity 300%, from roughly 40 m/yr to 160 m/yr in the midablation zone, and involved acceleration and deceleration of the ice en masse; no kinematic wave was evident. The pulses are theorized to be due to deformation of a subglacial till causing enhanced basal motion. Eight additional pulsing glaciers are identified based on the spatiotemporal pattern of their velocity fields. These glaciers pulsed where they were either constricted laterally or joined by a tributary, and their surface slopes are 1-2°. These traits are consistent with an overdeepening. This observation leads to a theory of ice motion in overdeepenings that explains the cyclical behavior of pulsing glaciers. It is based on the concept of glaciohydraulic supercooling, and includes sediment transport and erosion

  18. Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 104: Area 7 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect

    2013-06-27

    This Closure Report (CR) presents information supporting closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 104, Area 7 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites, and provides documentation supporting the completed corrective actions and confirmation that closure objectives for CAU 104 were met. This CR complies with the requirements of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) that was agreed to by the State of Nevada; the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Environmental Management; the U.S. Department of Defense; and DOE, Legacy Management. CAU 104 consists of the following 15 Corrective Action Sites (CASs), located in Area 7 of the Nevada National Security Site: · CAS 07-23-03, Atmospheric Test Site T-7C · CAS 07-23-04, Atmospheric Test Site T7-1 · CAS 07-23-05, Atmospheric Test Site · CAS 07-23-06, Atmospheric Test Site T7-5a · CAS 07-23-07, Atmospheric Test Site - Dog (T-S) · CAS 07-23-08, Atmospheric Test Site - Baker (T-S) · CAS 07-23-09, Atmospheric Test Site - Charlie (T-S) · CAS 07-23-10, Atmospheric Test Site - Dixie · CAS 07-23-11, Atmospheric Test Site - Dixie · CAS 07-23-12, Atmospheric Test Site - Charlie (Bus) · CAS 07-23-13, Atmospheric Test Site - Baker (Buster) · CAS 07-23-14, Atmospheric Test Site - Ruth · CAS 07-23-15, Atmospheric Test Site T7-4 · CAS 07-23-16, Atmospheric Test Site B7-b · CAS 07-23-17, Atmospheric Test Site - Climax Closure activities began in October 2012 and were completed in April 2013. Activities were conducted according to the Corrective Action Decision Document/Corrective Action Plan for CAU 104. The corrective actions included No Further Action and Clean Closure. Closure activities generated sanitary waste, mixed waste, and recyclable material. Some wastes exceeded land disposal limits and required treatment prior to disposal. Other wastes met land disposal restrictions and were disposed in appropriate onsite landfills. The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Field Office

  19. Bubble snap-off and capillary-back pressure during counter-current spontaneous imbibition into model pores.

    PubMed

    Unsal, Evren; Mason, Geoffrey; Morrow, Norman R; Ruth, Douglas W

    2009-04-09

    A previous paper (Unsal, E.; Mason, G.; Ruth, D. W.; Morrow, N. R. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 2007, 315, 200-209) reported experiments involving counter-current spontaneous imbibition into a model pore system consisting of a rod in an angled slot covered by a glass plate. Such an arrangement gives two tubes with different cross-sections (both size and shape) with an interconnection through the gap between the rod and the plate. In the previous experiments, the wetting phase advanced in the small tube and nonwetting phase retreated in the large tube. No bubbles were formed. In this paper, we study experimentally and theoretically the formation of bubbles at the open end of the large tube and their subsequent snap-off. Such bubbles reduce the capillary back pressure produced by the larger tube and can thus have an effect on the local rate of imbibition. In the model pore system, the rod was either in contact with the glass, forming two independent tubes, or the rod was spaced from the glass to allow cross-flow between the tubes. For small gaps, there were three distinct menisci. The one with the highest curvature was between the rod and the plate. The next most highly curved was in the smaller tube, and the least highly curved meniscus was in the large tube and this was the tube from which the bubbles developed. The pressure in the dead end of the system was recorded during imbibition. Once the bubble starts to form outside of the tube, the pressure drops rapidly and then steadies. After the bubble snaps off, the pressure rises to almost the initial value and stays essentially constant until the next bubble starts to form. After snap-off, the meniscus in the large tube appears to invade the large tube for some distance. The snap-off is the result of capillary instability; it takes place significantly inside the large tube with flow of wetting phase moving in the angular corners. As imbibition into the small tube progresses, the rate of imbibition decreases and the

  20. Geology and complex collapse mechanisms of the 3.72 Ma Hannegan caldera, North Cascades, Washington, USA

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Tucker, D.; Hildreth, W.; Ullrich, T.; Friedman, R.

    2007-01-01

    Contiguous ring faults of the 8 ?? 3.5 km Hannegan caldera enclose the Hannegan volcanics in the Cascade arc of northern Washington. The caldera collapsed in two phases, which each erupted rhyolitic ignimbrite (72.3%-75.2% SiO2). The first collapse phase, probably trap-door style, erupted the ???900-m-thick ignimbrite of Hannegan Peak at 3.722 ?? 0.020 Ma. This single cooling unit, generally welded, has an uppermost facies of nonwelded ignimbrite and fine ash. A short period of localized sedimentation followed. Eruption of the ignimbrite of Ruth Mountain then led to a second trap-door collapse as the first-phase partial ring fault propagated to the south to completely enclose the caldera. Wallrock breccias are intercalated as lenses and megabreccia blocks in both ignimbrites. The minimum intracaldera volume is 55-60 km3. No base is exposed, nor are outflow sheets preserved. Caldera collapse and glacial erosion have removed precaldera volcanic rocks, which survive only as intracaldera breccias. Rhyolite dikes and pods, one of which yielded a 40Ar/39Ar age of 3.72 ?? 0.34 Ma, intrude the ring fault and caldera fill. Dacite-andesite domes, dikes, and lava flows were emplaced subsequently; one lava flow gives a 40Ar/39Ar age of 2.96 ?? 0.20 Ma. The quartz diorite of Icy Peak and the granite of Nooksack Cirque (plutons with 206Pb/238U zircon ages of 3.42 ?? 0.10 Ma and 3.36 ?? 0.20 Ma, respectively) intrude caldera fill and basement rocks on the southwest margin of the caldera. Both plutons are now exceptionally well expose on high, glacially sculpted peaks within the caldera, indicating erosion of at least 1 km of intracaldera fill. Hannegan caldera anchors the northeast end of a linear NE-SW age-progressive migration of magmatic focus from the Chilliwack batholith to the active Mount Baker volcano. ?? 2006 Geological Society of America.

  1. SFB 754 - Managing a large interdisciplinary collaborative research centre: what matters?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schelten, Christiane; Antia, Avan; Braker, Gesche; Kamm, Ruth; Mehrtens, Hela

    2016-04-01

    ) and a postdoctoral network (Integrated Marine Postdoc Network) both set up by 'The Future Ocean', a project funded within the German Excellence Initiative • gender measures (close cooperation with the Central Office for Gender Equality, Diversity & Family at Kiel University) • data management (part of a joint GEOMAR data management group) Thus, a motivated and also creative coordination team interested in pioneer work is essential to manage a large interdisciplinary research community. Overall, networking, transparent management tools linked to active communication as well as fairness in processes such as the distribution of funds are basic prerequisites of trustful cooperation in large scientific consortia. (This presentation is linked to posters by Dr. Nina Bergmann, Dr. Gesche Braker, Dr. Ruth Kamm and Dr. Hela Mehrtens.)

  2. Kinematics of an oblique deformation front using paleomagnetic data; the Altomira-Loranca structures (Iberian Chain, Central Spain)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valcarcel, M.

    2013-05-01

    Manoel Valcárcel1, 5, Ruth Soto2, Elisabet Beamud3, Belén Oliva-Urcia4 and Josep Anton Muñoz5 1 IGME, Departamento de Investigación y Prospección Geocientífica. C/ La Calera, 1, 28760 Tres Cantos; m.valcarcel@igme.es 2 IGME, Unidad de Zaragoza, C/ Manuel Lasala 44, 9 B, 50006 Zaragoza, Spain 3 Lab. Paleomagnetisme (CCiT UB-CSIC). ICT "Jaume Almera", Solé i Sabarís, s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain. 4 IPE-CSIC, Avda. Montañana 1005, 50059 Zaragoza, Spain 5 Grup Geodinàmica i Anàlisi de Conques, Universitat de Barcelona, Zona Universitària Pedralbes, 08028 Barcelona, Spain The Altomira and Loranca structures consist of a fold-and-thrust system detached on Triassic evaporites. They are oriented N-S to NNE-SSW and NNW-SSE at its northern and southern end, respectively, forming a subtle arc, oblique with respect to the general NW-SE trend of the Iberian Chain. The aim of this work is to characterize with paleomagnetic data the kinematic evolution of the the Altomira Range, located at the southwestern deformation front of the Iberian Chain, and of the structures within its associated piggy-back basin, the Loranca basin. This approach will also give clues regarding the primary and/or secondary origin of these structures to better characterize them in further studies (3D reconstruction and restoration, fault pattern). A total of 180 samples were obtained from 19 sites in Eocene, Oligocene and Miocene rocks (including clays, fine sandstones and limestones). They were analyzed by means of stepwise thermal demagnetization and subsequent measurement of the natural remanent magnetization (NRM). Although fold tests are not statistically significant, a primary origin of the magnetization is deduced by samples showing either normal or reverse polarity after bedding correction of the calculated characteristic components. Declinations of the site mean directions appear scattered after bedding correction suggesting differential vertical-axis rotations. Sites located at the

  3. Seasonal to centennial-scale variability of microparticle concentration and size distribution in the WAIS Divide ice core over the past 2.4 ka

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kreutz, K. J.; Koffman, B. G.; Breton, D. J.; Dunbar, N. W.; Kurbatov, A.

    2011-12-01

    We present results from continuous analysis of mineral dust in the upper 577 m (2.4 ka) of the WAIS Divide deep ice core, WDC06A. The core was melted using the UMaine WAIS Melt Monitor system, which allows accurate mm-scale depth co-registration of electrical conductivity and particle data, with subsequent collection of discrete samples for expanded particle, glaciochemical and geochemical analysis. The concentration and size distribution of microparticles were measured using a flow-through Klotz Abakus laser particle detector, developed by Ruth et al (2002) and calibrated with Coulter-Counter measurements. We found that background dust concentrations during the past two millennia have been low, comparable to other sites in interior Antarctica. Particle concentration ranges seasonally from ~20-1000 particles/ml. Particle deposition generally shows an annual signal, although the phasing varies relative to seasonal chemical indicators such as nssSO42-. Dust deposition on decadal to centennial timescales appears to be linked to hemispheric-scale climate variability during the late Holocene, and particularly to the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) climate oscillation. We compared the coarse particle percentage (5-10 μm diameter relative to 1-10 μm diameter) to a proxy record of the SAM developed using sea salt concentrations in the Law Dome, East Antarctica, ice core (Goodwin et al, 2004). Spectral characteristics of the coarse particle percentage at WAIS Divide seem to match the Law Dome proxy for the SAM. This suggests a coherent signal for the SAM and the potential to develop a particle size distribution proxy for the strength of the circum-Antarctic atmospheric circulation. Within the past two centuries of dust deposition, there were several dusty decades in the early-to-mid 1900s followed by a dramatic increase around 1980. Given that the particle size distribution does not show significant coeval change, we infer that this increased dust deposition has been driven

  4. Obituary: Preston F. Gott, 1919-2002

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Myles, Charles Wesley

    2003-12-01

    Scholarship Award in Physics and also endowed a scholarship in the Women's Studies Program, in memory of his first wife, long time TTU Economics Professor Edna Gott. He was a true gentleman and a friend to all who knew him. He will be sorely missed. He is survived by his wife, Orene, and his children, Eugene and Suzanne. His stepchildren are Ruth, Benita, and Diana (who pre-deceased him).

  5. Co- and counter-current spontaneous imbibition into groups of capillary tubes with lateral connections permitting cross-flow.

    PubMed

    Unsal, E; Mason, G; Ruth, D W; Morrow, N R

    2007-11-01

    A model for co- and counter-current imbibition through independent capillaries has already been developed and experiments conducted to verify the theory [E. Unsal, G. Mason, N.R. Morrow, D.W. Ruth, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 306 (2007) 105]. In this paper, the work is extended to capillaries which are connected laterally and in which cross-flow can take place. The fundamental pore geometry is a rod in an angled round-bottomed slot with a gap between the rod and a capping glass plate. The surfaces of the slot, rod and plate form capillaries and interconnecting passages which have non-axisymmetric cross-sections. Depending on the gap size either (i) a large single meniscus, (ii) two menisci one on each side of the rod, or (iii) three menisci, one between the rod and the glass additional to the ones on each side can be formed. A viscous refined oil was applied to one end of the capillaries and co-current and counter-current spontaneous imbibition experiments were performed. The opposite end was left open to the atmosphere for co-current experiments. When the gap between the rod and the plate was large, the imbibing oil advanced into the tubes with the meniscus in the largest capillary always lagging behind the two menisci in the other two smaller capillaries. For counter-current imbibition experiments the open end was sealed and connected to a sensitive pressure transducer. In some experiments, the oil imbibed into the smaller capillaries and expelled air as a series of bubbles from the end of the largest capillary. In other experiments, the oil was allowed to imbibe part way into the tubes before counter-current imbibition was started. The meniscus curvatures of the capillaries have been calculated using the Mayer and Stowe-Princen method for different cell slot angles and gap sizes using a value of zero for the contact angle. These values have been compared with actual values by measuring the capillary rise in the tubes; agreement was very close. A model for co

  6. Career Satisfaction and Perceived Salary Competitiveness among Individuals Who Completed Postdoctoral Research Training in Cancer Prevention

    PubMed Central

    Faupel-Badger, Jessica M.; Nelson, David E.; Izmirlian, Grant

    2017-01-01

    Studies examining career satisfaction of biomedical scientists are limited, especially in the context of prior postdoctoral training. Here we focused on career satisfaction defined as satisfaction with one’s career trajectory and perceived salary competitiveness among a predominantly Ph.D.-trained population of scientists who completed cancer prevention-related postdoctoral training between 1987–2011. National Cancer Institute (NCI) Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program (CPFP) alumni (n = 114), and previous recipients of NCI-sponsored Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award (NRSA/F32) postdoctoral fellowships (n = 140) completed online surveys. Associations of career satisfaction and perception of salary competitiveness with demographic, training, and employment-related factors were examined using logistic regression. Overall, 61% reported high levels of satisfaction with their career trajectory to-date. Higher salary (odds ratio [OR] = 2.86, 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.07–7.69) and having more leadership roles (OR = 2.26, 95% CI:1.04–4.90) were independently associated with higher career satisfaction. Persons with race/ethnicity other than white (OR = 0.40, 95% CI: 0.20–0.82) or age ≥ 50 (OR = 0.40, 95%CI: 0.17–0.94) had lower career satisfaction levels. There were no statistically significant differences in career satisfaction levels by gender, scientific discipline, or employment sector. 74% perceived their current salary as competitive, but persons with 5–9, or ≥10 years in their current position reported lower levels (OR = 0.31, 95% CI: 0.15–0.65; and OR = 0.37, 95% CI: 0.16–0.87, respectively), as did individuals in government positions (OR = 0.33, 95% CI: 0.11–0.98). These data add to the understanding of career satisfaction of those with advanced training in biomedical research by examining these measures in relation to prior postdoctoral research training and across multiple career sectors. PMID:28121985

  7. Taking centre stage...

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1998-11-01

    HAMLET (Highly Automated Multimedia Light Enhanced Theatre) was the star performance at the recent finals of the `Young Engineer for Britain' competition, held at the Commonwealth Institute in London. This state-of-the-art computer-controlled theatre lighting system won the title `Young Engineers for Britain 1998' for David Kelnar, Jonathan Scott, Ramsay Waller and John Wyllie (all aged 16) from Merchiston Castle School, Edinburgh. HAMLET replaces conventional manually-operated controls with a special computer program, and should find use in the thousands of small theatres, schools and amateur drama productions that operate with limited resources and without specialist expertise. The four students received a £2500 prize between them, along with £2500 for their school, and in addition they were invited to spend a special day with the Royal Engineers. A project designed to improve car locking systems enabled Ian Robinson of Durham University to take the `Working in industry award' worth £1000. He was also given the opportunity of a day at sea with the Royal Navy. Other prizewinners with their projects included: Jun Baba of Bloxham School, Banbury (a cardboard armchair which converts into a desk and chair); Kobika Sritharan and Gemma Hancock, Bancroft's School, Essex (a rain warning system for a washing line); and Alistair Clarke, Sam James and Ruth Jenkins, Bishop of Llandaff High School, Cardiff (a mechanism to open and close the retractable roof of the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff). The two principal national sponsors of the competition, which is organized by the Engineering Council, are Lloyd's Register and GEC. Industrial companies, professional engineering institutions and educational bodies also provided national and regional prizes and support. During this year's finals, various additional activities took place, allowing the students to surf the Internet and navigate individual engineering websites on a network of computers. They also visited the

  8. Automated multi-parametric sorting of micron-sized particles via multi-trap laser tweezers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaputa, Daniel S.

    the player in the card, one can start collecting Babe Ruth rookie cards instead of mint condition cards of bench warmers. In the future, even better multi-parametric laser tweezer particle sorting systems will be developed that make use of pulsed radiation in order to stimulate nonlinear optical phenomena. This dissertation discusses the feasibility of combining a rapid, non-invasive chemical imaging technology called coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) with a laser tweezer sorting system. This would allow for the birth of a laser tweezer particle sorting system of unprecedented speed and chemical specificity the likes of which the world has not yet seen.

  9. Hydrothermal Activity on the Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    German, C. R.; Connelly, D. P.; Evans, A. J.; Parson, L. M.

    2002-12-01

    We present evidence for high-temperature hydrothermal venting along the southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) 2-14S. The MAR south of the equator has been identified as a key target for hydrothermal exploration because the large-offset Romanche and Chain fracture zones may act as important barriers to biological communication along the ridge-axis (Van Dover et al., Science, 2002). During RRS James Clark Ross cruise JR65 (Sept-Oct. 2001) we occupied a series of 13 CTD hydrocast stations, one each at the centre of a series of 2nd-order ridge-segments, close to and away from the influence of the Ascension Island "hotspot". Post-cruise laboratory analyses have revealed TDMn anomalies of >2nmol/litre (background = 0.5 nmol/litre) at stations within each of four segments located between the Chain and Ascension Fracture Zones (away from the "hotspot") and in the two northernmost "hot-spot influenced" segments to the south, between the Ascension and Boca Verde Fracture Zones. Strongest anomalies were observed in the segment closest to Ascension Island itself, where TDMn anomalies measured in bottle-samples coincided with optical back-scatter anomalies measured in situ using a SeaTech LSS light scattering sensor. A weaker TDMn anomaly was also observed adjacent to the Boca Verde Fracture Zone and coincident with a WOCE section which has previously reported evidence for primordial 3He release from the MAR-crest (Ruth et al., Deep Sea Res., 2000). Our survey covered a large section of ridge-crest, comparable to that investigated by Klinkhammer et al. (Nature, 1985) on the northern MAR. Multiple offset segments have been investigated and the data support the presence of multiple discrete hydrothermal sources. To-date, the best positional information we have for any one vent-site is in the segment immediately south of the Ascension Fracture Zone. Water depth in this segment is >3000m yet it is situated <100km from the port of Georgetown, Ascension. We believe this station to be

  10. Ultra high resolution cation analysis of NGRIP deep ice via cryo-cell UV-laser-ablation ICPMS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Della Lunga, Damiano; Muller, Wolfgang; Olander Rasmussen, Sune; Svensson, Anders

    2014-05-01

    , K.K., Bigler, M., Clausen, H.B., Dahl-Jensen, D., Fischer, H., Goto-Azuma, K., Hansson, M., Johnsen, S.J., Jouzel, J., Masson-Delmotte, V., Popp, T., Rasmussen, S.O., Rothlisberger, R., Ruth, U., Stauffer, B., Siggaard-Andersen, M.L., Sveinbjornsdottir, A.E., Svensson, A., White, J.W.C., 2008. High-resolution Greenland Ice Core data show abrupt climate change happens in few years. Science 321, 680-684.

  11. Sugar-sweetened beverage intake in relation to semen quality and reproductive hormone levels in young men.

    PubMed

    Chiu, Y H; Afeiche, M C; Gaskins, A J; Williams, P L; Mendiola, J; Jørgensen, N; Swan, S H; Chavarro, J E

    2014-07-01

    Reproductive Health' (DEER) grant 212844. Grant P30 DK046200 and Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award T32 DK007703-16 and T32HD060454 from the National Institutes of Health. None of the authors has any conflicts of interest to declare.

  12. Initiation of methane turbulent flux measurements over a grazed grassland in Belgium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dumortier, Pierre; Aubinet, Marc; Chopin, Henri; Debacq, Alain; Jérome, Elisabeth; Beckers, Yves; Heinesch, Bernard

    2013-04-01

    Methane fluxes emitted by a grazed meadow were measured continuously during the 2012 grazing season at the Dorinne Terrestrial Observatory (50° 18' 44" N; 4° 58' 07" E; 248 m asl.) in Belgium. Measurements were made with the eddy covariance technique, using a fast CH4 analyzer (Picarro G2311-f). Carbon dioxide fluxes (LI-7000) and various micro-meteorological and soil variables, biomass growth and stocking rate evolution were also measured at the site. The site is an intensively pastured meadow of 4.2 ha managed according to the regional usual practices where up to 30 cows are grazing simultaneously. N2O emissions are currently measured through dynamic closed chambers (Beekkerk van Ruth et al., Geophysical Research Abstracts. Vol. 15, EGU2013-3211, 2013) and the carbon budget of the site has already been investigated (Jerome et al. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 15, EGU2013-6989, 2013). As no CH4 measurements were available, CH4 fluxes were estimated on the basis of dry matter intake by the cows and a conversion factor obtained from a literature review. We want to improve this estimation by measuring CH4 fluxes, identifying their main environmental drivers and understanding diurnal and annual exchange patterns. Methane emissions were found strongly related with cattle stocking rate with a slope of 7.34±0.78 mol CH4 day-1 LSU-1. Up to now, no methane absorption has been observed, the meadow behaving as a methane emitter, even in the absence of cows. In the absence of cows, no significant relation can be established up to now between methane emissions and environmental parameters. No clear diurnal evolution is observed, neither during grazing periods nor during cow free periods. During cow presence periods, fluxes are highly variable, probably due to cow movements in and out the measurement footprint and cow digestion rhythm. Further developments are ongoing in order to improve cattle geo-localization through individual home-made GPS devices and infra

  13. Microbial respiration activities correlated to sequentially separated, particulate and water-soluble organic matter fractions from arable and forest topsoils

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaiser, M.; Wirth, S.; Ellerbrock, R.; Sommer, M.

    2009-12-01

    Michael Kaiser1, Stephan Wirth2, Ruth H. Ellerbrock3, Michael Sommer3,4 1University of California Merced, Natural Science, 4225 N. Hospital Rd., Atwater, CA 95301 2,3 Leibniz-Center for Agricultural Research (ZALF) e. V. 2 Institute of Landscape Matter Dynamics 3 Institute of Soil Landscape Research Eberswalder Str. 84, D-15374 Muencheberg, Germany 4University of Potsdam, Institute of Geoecology, Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24-25, 14476 Potsdam, Germany Microbial respiration activities correlated to sequentially separated, particulate and water-soluble organic matter fractions from arable and forest topsoils Microbial decomposition of soil organic matter (SOM) accounts for roughly half of CO2 evolution from vegetated soil surfaces and plays a crucial role in the ability of soil to mitigate the greenhouse effect. The separation and identification of labile (i.e., easily decomposable) organic matter (OM) fractions from bulk SOM is of particular importance for a mechanistic understanding of microbial decomposition processes and for predicting the response of SOM to changes in land use, management, and climate. This work aimed to reveal differences in the relevance of particulate as well as water-soluble organic matter (OM) fractions from topsoils to the easily biodegradable soil organic matter (SOM). We selected eight paired sites with quite different soil types (Udorthent, Paleudalf, Glossudalf, Aquept, Hapludalf, Aquert, Udert, Haplorthod) and soil properties (e.g., clay content: 28 to 564 g kg-1). For each of these sites, we took samples from adjacent arable and forest topsoils. Physically uncomplexed, macro-, and micro-aggregate-occluded organic particle, as well as water-soluble OM fractions were sequentially separated by a combination of electrostatic attraction, ultrasonic treatment, density separation, sieving, and water extraction. The easily biodegradable SOM of the topsoil samples was determined by measuring microbial respiration during a short-term incubation

  14. Polyimide Resins Resist Extreme Temperatures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2009-01-01

    Spacecraft and aerospace engines share a common threat: high temperature. The temperatures experienced during atmospheric reentry can reach over 2,000 F, and the temperatures in rocket engines can reach well over 5,000 F. To combat the high temperatures in aerospace applications, Dr. Ruth Pater of Langley Research Center developed RP-46, a polyimide resin capable of withstanding the most brutal temperatures. The composite material can push the service temperature to the limits of organic materials. Designed as an environmentally friendly alternative to other high-temperature resins, the RP-46 polyimide resin system was awarded a 1992 "R&D 100" award, named a "2001 NASA Technology of the Year," and later, due to its success as a spinoff technology, "2004 NASA Commercial Invention of the Year." The technology s commercial success also led to its winning the Langley s "Paul F. Holloway Technology Transfer Award" as well as "Richard T. Whitcom Aerospace Technology Transfer Award" both for 2004. RP-46 is relatively inexpensive and it can be readily processed for use as an adhesive, composite, resin molding, coating, foam, or film. Its composite materials can be used in temperatures ranging from minus 150 F to 2,300 F. No other organic materials are known to be capable of such wide range and extreme high-temperature applications. In addition to answering the call for environmentally conscious high-temperature materials, RP-46 provides a slew of additional advantages: It is extremely lightweight (less than half the weight of aluminum), chemical and moisture resistant, strong, and flexible. Pater also developed a similar technology, RP-50, using many of the same methods she used with RP-46, and very similar in composition to RP-46 in terms of its thermal capacity and chemical construction, but it has different applications, as this material is a coating as opposed to a buildable composite. A NASA license for use of this material outside of the Space Agency as well as

  15. K-12 educational outcomes of immigrant youth.

    PubMed

    Crosnoe, Robert; Turley, Ruth N López

    2011-01-01

    The children from immigrant families in the United States make up a historically diverse population, and they are demonstrating just as much diversity in their experiences in the K-12 educational system. Robert Crosnoe and Ruth López Turley summarize these K-12 patterns, paying special attention to differences in academic functioning across segments of the immigrant population defined by generational status, race and ethnicity, and national origin. A good deal of evidence points to an immigrant advantage in multiple indicators of academic progress, meaning that many youths from immigrant families outperform their peers in school. This apparent advantage is often referred to as the immigrant paradox, in that it occurs despite higher-than-average rates of social and economic disadvantages in this population as a whole. The immigrant paradox, however, is more pronounced among the children of Asian and African immigrants than other groups, and it is stronger for boys than for girls. Furthermore, evidence for the paradox is far more consistent in secondary school than in elementary school. Indeed, school readiness appears to be one area of potential risk for children from immigrant families, especially those of Mexican origin. For many groups, including those from Latin America, any evidence of the immigrant paradox usually emerges after researchers control for family socioeconomic circumstances and youths' English language skills. For others, including those from Asian countries, it is at least partially explained by the tendency for more socioeconomically advantaged residents of those regions to leave their home country for the United States. Bilingualism and strong family ties help to explain immigrant advantages in schooling; school, community, and other contextual disadvantages may suppress these advantages or lead to immigrant risks. Crosnoe and Turley also discuss several policy efforts targeting young people from immigrant families, especially those of Latin

  16. Corporate social responsibility motives and theories evidenced among oilwell drilling firms in Alberta

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Altvater, Norbert

    This dissertation is a study in conceptual CSR motives and theories prompted by the knowledge that socially active NGOs have tried to influence the CSP of companies in Alberta's oil patch by using media pressure. The focus of the study was narrowed to changing CSP among Alberta's oilwell drilling firms. This permits intensive interviews with the firms' informants. The examination of changing CSP implies a consideration of the pressures that prompt and influence its change, and points this study to firm motives for behaving responsibly. The firms were firstly categorized according to their primary and secondary CSP using 5 dimensions of CSR previously used by The Conference Board of Canada. The study uses CSR motives conceptualized by Ruth Aguilera and her collaborators to assess the firms' CSP using self-assessed CSR motives and observed CSP. At the onset 3 working hypotheses were posited as starting points from which substantiated propositions were developed. Lance Moir's and Elisabet Garriga and Domènec Meld's classifications of CSR theories were used to organize and evaluate the data. A mapping of the motives and theories in respect of the firms' primary and secondary CSR dimensions appears to display correlations between the CSR theories and the conceptualized motives. Nevertheless, for some of the firms none of the motives conceptualized by Aguilera and her collaborators seem to apply. By re-visiting the motives, and examining them more closely, it seems possible refine the conceptualized motives relying more on perceived conceptions, which are at the basis of legitimacy theories, rather than on relational factors to better explain the normative expectations raised. A similar analysis also indicates that the firms' seem to seek economic benefits, social benefits, or a combination of both. The CSP that results is within the same continuum; the resulting CSP for the firms seems to mediate towards a blend of both, regardless of the original CSR motives. These

  17. CMA Announces the 1996 Responsible Care Catalyst Awards Winners

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1996-06-01

    Eighteen exceptional teachers of science, chemical technology, chemistry, and chemical engineering have been selected to receive a Responsible Care Chemical Manufacturers Association's 1996 Catalyst Award. The Responsible Care Catalyst Awards Program honors individuals who have the ability to inspire students toward careers in chemistry and science-related fields through their excellent teaching ability in and out of the classroom. The program also seeks to draw public attention to the importance of quality chemistry and science teaching at the undergraduate level. Since the award was established in 1957, 502 teachers of science, chemistry, and chemical engineering have been honored. Winners are selected from a wide range of nominations submitted by colleagues, friends, and administrators. All pre-high school, high school, two and four-year college, or university teachers in the United States and Canada are eligible. Each award winner will be presented with a medal and citation. National award winners receive 5,000; regional award winners receive 2,500. National Winners. Martin N. Ackermann, Oberlin College, Oberlin, OH Kenneth R. Jolls, Iowa State University, Ames, IA Suzanne Zobrist Kelly, Warren H. Meeker Elementary School, Ames, IA John V. Kenkel, Southeast Community College, Lincoln, NE George C. Lisensky, Beloit College, Beloit, WI James M. McBride, Yale University, New Haven, CT Marie C. Sherman, Ursuline Academy, St. Louis, MO Dwight D. Sieggreen, Cooke Middle School, Northville, MI Regional Winners Two-Year College. East-Georgianna Whipple-VanPatter, Central Community College, Hastings, NE West-David N. Barkan, Northwest College, Powell, WY High School. East-John Hnatow, Jr., Emmaus High School, Northampton, PA South-Carole Bennett, Gaither High School, Tampa, FL Midwest-Kenneth J. Spengler, Palatine High School, Palatine, IL West-Ruth Rand, Albuquerque, Albuquerque, NM Middle School. East-Thomas P. Kelly, Grandville Public Schools, Grandville, NH

  18. Quantum Structure of Space and Time

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duff, M. J.; Isham, C. J.

    2012-07-01

    Foreword Abdus Salam; Preface; List of participants; Part I. Quantum Gravity, Fields and Topology: 1. Some remarks on gravity and quantum mechanics Roger Penrose; 2. An experimental test of quantum gravity Don N. Page and C. D. Geilker; 3. Quantum mechanical origin of the sandwich theorem in classical gravitation theory Claudio Teitelboim; 4. θ-States induced by the diffeomorphism group in canonically quantized gravity C. J. Isham; 5. Strong coupling quantum gravity: an introduction Martin Pilati; 6. Quantizing fourth order gravity theories S. M. Christensen; 7. Green's functions, states and renormalisation M. R. Brown and A. C. Ottewill; 8. Introduction to quantum regge calculus Martin Roček and Ruth Williams; 9. Spontaneous symmetry breaking in curved space-time D. J. Toms; 10. Spontaneous symmetry breaking near a black hole M. S. Fawcett and B. F. Whiting; 11. Yang-Mills vacua in a general three-space G. Kunstatter; 12. Fermion fractionization in physics R. Jackiw; Part II. Supergravity: 13. The new minimal formulation of N=1 supergravity and its tensor calculus M. F. Sohnius and P. C. West; 14. A new deteriorated energy-momentum tensor M. J. Duff and P. K. Townsend; 15. Off-shell N=2 and N=4 supergravity in five dimensions P. Howe; 16. Supergravity in high dimensions P. van Niewenhuizen; 17. Building linearised extended supergravities J. G. Taylor; 18. (Super)gravity in the complex angular momentum plane M. T. Grisaru; 19. The multiplet structure of solitons in the O(2) supergravity theory G. W. Gibbons; 20. Ultra-violet properties of supersymmetric gauge theory S. Ferrara; 21. Extended supercurrents and the ultra-violet finiteness of N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories K. S. Stelle; 22. Duality rotations B. Zumino; Part III. Cosmology and the Early Universe: 23. Energy, stability and cosmological constant S. Deser; 24. Phase transitions in the early universe T. W. B. Kibble; 25. Complete cosmological theories L. P. Grishchuk and Ya. B. Zeldovich; 26. The

  19. Risk of HIV-1 acquisition among women who use different types of injectable progestin contraception in South Africa: a prospective cohort study

    PubMed Central

    Noguchi, Lisa M.; Richardson, Barbra A.; Baeten, Jared M.; Hillier, Sharon L.; Balkus, Jennifer E.; Chirenje, Z. Mike; Bunge, Katherine; Ramjee, Gita; Nair, Gonasagrie; Palanee-Phillips, Thesla; Selepe, Pearl; van der Straten, Ariane; Parikh, Urvi M.; Gomez, Kailazarid; Piper, Jeanna M.; Watts, D. Heather; Marrazzo, Jeanne M.

    2015-01-01

    ). Interpretation Although moderate associations in observational analyses should be interpreted with caution, these findings suggest that NET-EN might be an alternative injectable drug with a lower HIV risk than DMPA in high HIV-1 incidence settings where NET-EN is available. Funding National Institutes of Health, Mary Meyer Scholars Fund, and the Ruth Freeman Memorial Fund. PMID:26155597

  20. K–12 Educational Outcomes of Immigrant Youth

    PubMed Central

    Crosnoe, Robert; López Turley, Ruth N.

    2017-01-01

    Summary The children from immigrant families in the United States make up a historically diverse population, and they are demonstrating just as much diversity in their experiences in the K–12 educational system. Robert Crosnoe and Ruth López Turley summarize these K–12 patterns, paying special attention to differences in academic functioning across segments of the immigrant population defined by generational status, race and ethnicity, and national origin. A good deal of evidence points to an immigrant advantage in multiple indicators of academic progress, meaning that many youths from immigrant families outperform their peers in school. This apparent advantage is often referred to as the immigrant paradox, in that it occurs despite higher-than-average rates of social and economic disadvantages in this population as a whole. The immigrant paradox, however, is more pronounced among the children of Asian and African immigrants than other groups, and it is stronger for boys than for girls. Furthermore, evidence for the paradox is far more consistent in secondary school than in elementary school. Indeed, school readiness appears to be one area of potential risk for children from immigrant families, especially those of Mexican origin. For many groups, including those from Latin America, any evidence of the immigrant paradox usually emerges after researchers control for family socioeconomic circumstances and youths’ English language skills. For others, including those from Asian countries, it is at least partially explained by the tendency for more socioeconomically advantaged residents of those regions to leave their home country for the United States. Bilingualism and strong family ties help to explain immigrant advantages in schooling; school, community, and other contextual disadvantages may suppress these advantages or lead to immigrant risks. Crosnoe and Turley also discuss several policy efforts targeting young people from immigrant families, especially

  1. Risk of HIV-1 acquisition among women who use diff erent types of injectable progestin contraception in South Africa: a prospective cohort study.

    PubMed

    Noguchi, Lisa M; Richardson, Barbra A; Baeten, Jared M; Hillier, Sharon L; Balkus, Jennifer E; Chirenje, Z Mike; Bunge, Katherine; Ramjee, Gita; Nair, Gonasagrie; Palanee-Phillips, Thesla; Selepe, Pearl; van der Straten, Ariane; Parikh, Urvi M; Gomez, Kailazarid; Piper, Jeanna M; Watts, D Heather; Marrazzo, Jeanne M

    2015-07-01

    observational analyses should be interpreted with caution, thesefi ndings suggest that NET-EN might be an alternative injectable drug with a lower HIV risk than DMPA in high HIV-1 incidence settings where NET-EN is available. National Institutes of Health, Mary Meyer Scholars Fund, and the Ruth Freeman Memorial Fund.

  2. BOOK REVIEW: The Cosmic Microwave Background The Cosmic Microwave Background

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coles, Peter

    2009-08-01

    With the successful launch of the European Space Agency's Planck satellite earlier this year the cosmic microwave background (CMB) is once again the centre of attention for cosmologists around the globe. Since its accidental discovery in 1964 by Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson, this relic of the Big Bang has been subjected to intense scrutiny by generation after generation of experiments and has gradually yielded up answers to the deepest questions about the origin of our Universe. Most recently, the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) has made a full-sky analysis of the pattern of temperature and polarization variations that helped establish a new standard cosmological model, confirmed the existence of dark matter and dark energy, and provided strong evidence that there was an epoch of primordial inflation. Ruth Durrer's book reflects the importance of the CMB for future developments in this field. Aimed at graduate students and established researchers, it consists of a basic introduction to cosmology and the theory of primordial perturbations followed by a detailed explanation of how these manifest themselves as measurable variations in the present-day radiation field. It then focuses on the statistical methods needed to obtain accurate estimates of the parameters of the standard cosmological model, and finishes with a discussion of the effect of gravitational lensing on the CMB and on the evolution of its spectrum. The book apparently grew out of various lecture notes on CMB anisotropies for graduate courses given by the author. Its level and scope are well matched to the needs of such an audience and the presentation is clear and well-organized. I am sure that this book will be a useful reference for more senior scientists too. If I have a criticism, it is not about what is in the book but what is omitted. In my view, one of the most exciting possibilities for future CMB missions, including Planck, is the possibility that they might discover physics

  3. Coeval dust accumulation minima in Greenland and East Central Europe over 31-23 ka

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Újvári, Gábor; Stevens, Thomas; Varga, György; Kovács, János; Molnár, Mihály

    2016-04-01

    synchronized Greenland ice-core records: refining and extending the INTIMATE event stratigraphy. Quaternary Science Reviews 106, 14-28. [4] Fuhrer, K. et al. (1999). Timescales for dust variability in the Greenland Ice Core Project (GRIP) ice core in the last 100,000 years. Journal of Geophysical Research 104, 31,043-31,052. [5] Ruth, U., et al. (2003). Continuous record of microparticle concentration and size distribution in the central Greenland NGRIP ice core during the last glacial period. Journal of Geophysical Research 108, 4098. [6] Ruth, U., et al. (2007). Ice core evidence for a very tight link between North Atlantic and east Asian glacial climate. Geophysical Research Letters 34, L03706. [7] Újvári, G., et al. (2015). Two possible source regions for central Greenland last glacial dust. Geophysical Research Letters 42, 10,399-10,408.

  4. Plio-Quaternary sedimentation in the Mozambique Channel and in the Zambezi Fan

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fierens, Ruth; Droz, Laurence; Toucanne, Samuel; Jorry, Stephan; Raisson, François

    2017-04-01

    sedimentological results demonstrate a high diversity in turbidite facies depending on the location in the Zambezi system and the pelagic sediments between these turbidites are carbon-rich and have a low sedimentation rate (average of 2.7 cm/ka). These results imply that multiple controlling factors (sediment supplies, geomorphology, along slope bottom currents inducing possible selective transport of fine particles and impact of climatic and eustatic cycles) impacted the sedimentation and led to the atypical architecture of the Zambezi turbidity system. The PhD thesis of Ruth Fierens is co-funded by TOTAL and IFREMER as part of the PAMELA (Passive Margin Exploration Laboratories) scientific project. Cited references Ducassou et al., 2009. Evolution of the Nile deep-sea turbidite system during the Late Quaternary: influence of climate change on fan sedimentation. Sedimentology 56(7), 2061-2090. Weber et al., 1997. Active growth of the Bengal Fan during sea-level rise and highstand. Geology, 25(4), 315-318.

  5. Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 104: Area 7 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0

    SciTech Connect

    Patrick Matthews

    2011-08-01

    CAU 104 comprises the 15 CASs listed below: (1) 07-23-03, Atmospheric Test Site T-7C; (2) 07-23-04, Atmospheric Test Site T7-1; (3) 07-23-05, Atmospheric Test Site; (4) 07-23-06, Atmospheric Test Site T7-5a; (5) 07-23-07, Atmospheric Test Site - Dog (T-S); (6) 07-23-08, Atmospheric Test Site - Baker (T-S); (7) 07-23-09, Atmospheric Test Site - Charlie (T-S); (8) 07-23-10, Atmospheric Test Site - Dixie; (9) 07-23-11, Atmospheric Test Site - Dixie; (10) 07-23-12, Atmospheric Test Site - Charlie (Bus); (11) 07-23-13, Atmospheric Test Site - Baker (Buster); (12) 07-23-14, Atmospheric Test Site - Ruth; (13) 07-23-15, Atmospheric Test Site T7-4; (14) 07-23-16, Atmospheric Test Site B7-b; (15) 07-23-17, Atmospheric Test Site - Climax These sites are being investigated because existing information on the nature and extent of potential contamination is insufficient to evaluate and recommend corrective action alternatives (CAAs). Additional information will be obtained by conducting a corrective action investigation before evaluating CAAs and selecting the appropriate corrective action for each CAS. The results of the field investigation will support a defensible evaluation of viable CAAs that will be presented in the Corrective Action Decision Document. The sites will be investigated based on the data quality objectives (DQOs) developed on April 28, 2011, by representatives of the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office. The DQO process was used to identify and define the type, amount, and quality of data needed to develop and evaluate appropriate corrective actions for CAU 104. The releases at CAU 104 consist of surface-deposited radionuclides from 30 atmospheric nuclear tests. The presence and nature of contamination at CAU 104 will be evaluated based on information collected from a field investigation. Radiological contamination will be evaluated based on a comparison

  6. Dairy intake in relation to in vitro fertilization outcomes among women from a fertility clinic

    PubMed Central

    Afeiche, M.C.; Chiu, Y.-H.; Gaskins, A.J.; Williams, P.L.; Souter, I.; Wright, D.L.; Hauser, R.; Chavarro, J.E.

    2016-01-01

    was no association between dairy intake and any of the intermediate outcomes. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION The lack of a known biological mechanism linking dairy intake to infertility treatment outcomes calls for caution when interpreting these results and for additional work to corroborate or refute them. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS Dairy intake does not appear to harm IVF outcomes and, if anything, is associated with higher chances of live birth. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTERESTS This work was supported by NIH grants R01-ES009718 and R01ES000002 from NIEHS, P30 DK046200 from NIDDK and T32HD060454 from NICHD. M.C.A. was supported by a Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award T32 DK 007703-16 from NIDDK. She is currently employed at the Nestlé Research Center, Switzerland and completed this work while at the Harvard School of Public Health. The other authors declare no conflicts of interest. PMID:26787645

  7. Fruit and vegetable intake and their pesticide residues in relation to semen quality among men from a fertility clinic

    PubMed Central

    Chiu, Y.H.; Afeiche, M.C.; Gaskins, A.J.; Williams, P.L.; Petrozza, J.C.; Tanrikut, C.; Hauser, R.; Chavarro, J.E.

    2015-01-01

    .02, respectively). Low-to-moderate pesticide residue fruit and vegetable intake was associated with a higher percentage of morphologically normal sperm (P, trend = 0.04). LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION Surveillance data, rather than individual pesticide assessment, was used to assess the pesticide residue status of fruits and vegetables. CASA is a useful method for clinical evaluation but may be considered less favorable for accurate semen analysis in the research setting. Owing to the observational nature of the study, confirmation is required by interventional studies as well. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS To our knowledge, this is the first report on the consumption of fruits and vegetables with high levels of pesticide residue in relation to semen quality. Further confirmation of these findings is warranted. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S) Supported by National Institutes of Health grants ES009718, ES022955, ES000002, P30 DK046200 and Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award T32 DK007703-16. None of the authors has any conflicts of interest to declare. PMID:25824023

  8. "We look like our names: The manifestation of name stereotypes in facial appearance": Addendum to Zwebner et al. (2017).

    PubMed

    2017-10-01

    Reports an error in "We look like our names: The manifestation of name stereotypes in facial appearance" by Yonat Zwebner, Anne-Laure Sellier, Nir Rosenfeld, Jacob Goldenberg and Ruth Mayo (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2017[Apr], Vol 112[4], 527-554). In the article, there was a minor coding error in the reported results of Study 5. The mean accuracy of Israeli participants matching French faces and names is actually 22.73% (and not 22.48%), and for French participants matching Israeli faces and names, the mean accuracy is actually 26.45% (and not 26.68%). Note that these corrected results do not affect the conclusions, indicating that names are not accurately matched between cultures (French participants and Israeli stimuli, and vice versa). Notably, the interaction remains significant; in both cultures, the probability of accurately matching faces/names from the same culture remains significantly higher than matching faces/names from a different culture, and the accuracies of matching face/names within each culture remain significantly above chance level, while between culture is below or similar to chance. Readers interested in the full-corrected description of the results of Study 5 may contact the first author for details. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2017-08698-001.) Research demonstrates that facial appearance affects social perceptions. The current research investigates the reverse possibility: Can social perceptions influence facial appearance? We examine a social tag that is associated with us early in life-our given name. The hypothesis is that name stereotypes can be manifested in facial appearance, producing a face-name matching effect, whereby both a social perceiver and a computer are able to accurately match a person's name to his or her face. In 8 studies we demonstrate the existence of this effect, as participants examining an unfamiliar face accurately select the person's true name from a

  9. Obituary: Kenneth L. Franklin, 1923-2007

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rao, Joe; Degrasse Tyson, Neil

    2007-12-01

    Renowned astronomer and astronomy popularizer Kenneth L. Franklin died early Monday morning, June 18, 2007, in Boulder, Colorado, two weeks after undergoing heart surgery. He was 84 years old. Kenneth Linn Franklin, the only child of Myles and Ruth (Houston) Franklin, was born March 25, 1923 in Alemeda, California. Ken obtained his Ph.D. in astronomy in 1953 at the University of California, Berkeley. From 1954 to 1956 he was a research fellow in radio astronomy at the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, DC. While there, he and Bernard F. Burke discovered radio emissions from the planet Jupiter. They announced their find on April 6, 1955, at a meeting of the American Astronomical Society (AAS). In 1956 Ken joined the staff of the American Museum-Hayden Planetarium, where he later served as chairman and chief scientist. Over the course of thirty years he wrote and/or presented innumerable sky shows for the planetarium sky theater, taught popular and technical courses in astronomy, and answered questions from the public. Ken was frequently consulted by local industries engaged in the space program, as well as by the news media and publishers. He was often interviewed on local and national radio and television, especially when a celestial event of special interest was due to occur. On the first page of the November 1966 issue of Sky & Telescope, in comments about the upcoming Leonid meteor shower, Franklin stuck his neck out. Based on some calculations that he'd made, he said he felt we were going to be in for a "interesting display." His was one of the few forecasts that suggested the '66 Leonids might be memorable. As it turned out, he was right — that year observers experienced the now-legendary Leonid meteor storm. From 1973 to 1979, Ken was the AAS's public-affairs officer. For two decades he also served in the society's Harlow Shapley Visiting Lecturer Program, speaking at one or two colleges each year. Ken was an active

  10. 2005 Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers' national poisoning and exposure database.

    PubMed

    Lai, Melisa W; Klein-Schwartz, Wendy; Rodgers, George C; Abrams, Joseph Y; Haber, Deborah A; Bronstein, Alvin C; Wruk, Kathleen M

    2006-01-01

    Poison Center, Indianapolis, IN; Iowa Statewide Poison Control Center, Sioux City, IA; Mid-America Poison Control Center, Kansas City, KA; Kentucky Regional Poison Center, Louisville, KY; Louisiana Drug and Poison Information Center, Monroe, LA; Northern New England Poison Center, Portland, ME; Maryland Poison Center, Baltimore, MD; Regional Center for Poison Control and Prevention Serving Massachusetts and Rhode Island, Boston, MA; Children's Hospital of Michigan Regional Poison Control Center, Detroit, MI; DeVos Children's Hospital Regional Poison Center, Grand Rapids, MI; Hennepin Regional Poison Center, Minneapolis, MN; Mississippi Regional Poison Control Center, Jackson, MS; Missouri Regional Poison Center, St Louis, MO; Nebraska Regional Poison Center, Omaha, NE; New Jersey Poison Information and Education System, Newark, NJ; New Mexico Poison and Drug Information Center, Albuquerque, NM; New York City Poison Control Center, New York, NY; Long Island Regional Poison and Drug Information Center, Mineola, NY; Ruth A. Lawrence Poison and Drug Information Center, Rochester, NY; Upstate (formerly Central) New York Poison Center, Syracuse, NY; Western New York Poison Center, Buffalo, NY; Carolinas Poison Center, Charlotte, NC; Cincinnati Drug and Poison Information Center, Cincinnati, OH; Central Ohio Poison Center, Columbus, OH; Greater Cleveland Poison Control Center, Cleveland, OH; Oklahoma Poison Control Center, Oklahoma City, OK; Oregon Poison Center, Portland, OR; Pittsburgh Poison Center, Pittsburgh, PA; The Poison Control Center, Philadelphia, PA; Puerto Rico Poison Center, San Juan, PR; Palmetto Poison Center, Columbia, SC; Tennessee Poison Center, Nashville, TN; Central Texas Poison Center, Temple, TX; North Texas Poison Center, Dallas, TX; Southeast Texas Poison Center, Galveston, TX; Texas Panhandle Poison Center, Amarillo, TX; West Texas Regional Poison Center, El Paso, TX; South Texas Poison Center, San Antonio, TX; Utah Poison Control Center, Salt Lake

  11. Modeling high resolution space-time variations in energy demand/CO2 emissions of human inhabited landscapes in the United States under a changing climate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Godbole, A. V.; Gurney, K. R.

    2010-12-01

    With urban and exurban areas now accounting for more than 50% of the world's population, projected to increase 20% by 2050 (UN World Urbanization Prospects, 2009), urban-climate interactions are of renewed interest to the climate change scientific community (Karl et. al, 1988; Kalnay and Cai, 2003; Seto and Shepherd, 2009). Until recently, climate modeling efforts treated urban-human systems as independent of the earth system. With studies pointing to the disproportionately large influence of urban areas on their surrounding environment (Small et. al, 2010), modeling efforts have begun to explicitly account for urban processes in land models, like the CLM 4.0 urban layer, for example (Oleson.et. al, 2008, 2010). A significant portion of the urban energy demand comes from the space heating and cooling requirement of the residential and commercial sectors - as much as 51% (DOE, RECS 2005) and 11% (Belzer, D. 2006) respectively, in the United States. Thus, these sectors are both responsible for a significant fraction of fossil fuel CO2 emissions and will be influenced by a changing climate through changes in energy use and energy supply planning. This points to the possibility of interactive processes and feedbacks with the climate system. Space conditioning energy demand is strongly driven by external air temperature (Ruth, M. et.al, 2006) in addition to other socio-economic variables such as building characteristics (age of structure, activity cycle, weekend/weekday usage profile), occupant characteristics (age of householder, household income) and energy prices (Huang, 2006; Santin et. al, 2009; Isaac and van Vuuren, 2009). All of these variables vary both in space and time. Projections of climate change have begun to simulate changes in temperature at much higher resolution than in the past (Diffenbaugh et. al, 2005). Hence, in order to understand how climate change and variability will potentially impact energy use/emissions and energy planning, these two

  12. Factors Associated with Adherence to Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy Among Privately Insured and Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer Patients: A Quantile Regression Analysis.

    PubMed

    Farias, Albert J; Hansen, Ryan N; Zeliadt, Steven B; Ornelas, India J; Li, Christopher I; Thompson, Beti

    2016-08-01

    pharmacies and out-of-pocket costs for AET may have the greatest influence on improving adherence among those women with low adherence. This research was supported by a Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award for Individual Predoctoral Fellowship grant from the National Cancer Institute (grant number F31 CA174338), which was awarded to Farias. Additionally, Farias was funded by a Postdoctoral Fellowship at the University of Texas School of Public Health Cancer Education and Career Development Program through the National Cancer Institute (NIH Grant R25 CA57712). The other authors declare no conflicts of interest. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Cancer Institute or the National Institutes of Health. Farias was primarily responsible for the study concept and design, along with Hansen and Zeliadt and with assistance from the other authors. Farias, Hansen, and Zeliadt took the lead in data interpretation, assisted by the other authors. The manuscript was written by Farias, along with Thompson and assisted by the other authors, and was revised by Ornelas, Li, and Farias, with assistance from the other authors.

  13. Sphagnum mosses as methane traps in two northern mires

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Larmola, Tuula; Koponen, Hannu; Riutta, Terhi; Fritze, Hannu; Goodrich, Jordan; Varner, Ruth; Bubier, Jill; Juutinen, Sari; Rinne, Janne; Vesala, Timo; Martikainen, Pertti J.; Tuittila, Eeva-Stiina

    2010-05-01

    to the atmosphere from the same sites. Moss removal could increase the actual net flux of CH4 by up to 50%. Our results suggest that CH4 oxidation in the Sphagnum layer is potentially an important control for CH4 release from a mire ecosystem. Reference. Raghoebarsing, A.A., A.J.P. Smolders, M.C. Schmid, I.C. Rijpstra, M. Wolters-Arts, J. Derksen, M.S.M. Jetten, S. Schouten, J.S. Sinninghe Damsté, L.P.M. Lamers, J.G.M. Roelofs, H.J.M. Opden Camp and M. Strous 2005. Methanotrophic symbionts provide carbon for photosynthesis in peat bogs. Nature 436: 1153-1156. Sphagnum team. Hannu Koponen (2), Terhi Riutta (3), Hannu Fritze (4), Jordan Goodrich (5), Ruth Varner(5), Jill Bubier (6), Sari Juutinen (6), Janne Rinne (7), Timo Vesala (7), Pertti J. Martikainen (2) and Eeva-Stiina Tuittila (1)

  14. PREFACE: International Conference on Dynamics of Systems on the Nanoscale (DySoN 2012)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Solov'yov, Andrey V.

    2013-06-01

    and medicine. Although mesoscopic, nano- and biomolecular systems differ in their nature and origin, a number of fundamental problems are common to all of them: what are the underlying principles of self-organization and self-assembly of matter on the micro- and nanoscale? Are these principles classical or quantum? How does function emerge on the nano- and the mesoscale in systems of different origin? What criteria govern the stability of these systems? How do their properties change as a function of size and composition? How are their properties altered by their environment? Seeking answers to these questions is at the core of a new interdisciplinary field that lies at the intersection of physics, chemistry and biology, a field called Meso-Bio-Nano (MBN) Science. Both experimental and theoretical aspects of the mentioned problems were discussed at the DySoN 2012 Conference. Particular attention was devoted to dynamical phenomena and many-body effects taking place in various MBN systems, which include problems of structure formation, fusion and fission, collision and fragmentation, collective electron excitations, reactivity, nanoscale phase transitions, nanoscale insights into biodamage, channeling phenomena and many more. This volume is a collection of the contributions received from the participants of the DySoN 2012 Conference. It provides an overview of the topics, new results and ideas that have been discussed at the conference. I would like to thank all the authors of these proceedings, as well as all the participants of the conference for making it so successful. The third DySoN Conference will be held in Edinburgh in May 2014. A V Solov'yov Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Ruth-Moufang Str. 1, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany On leave from A F Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, Polytechnicheskaya 26, 194021, St. Petersburg, Russia E-mail: solovyov@fias.uni-frankfurt.de The PDF contains further information about the conference. Conference photograph

  15. Nd isotopic characterization of metamorphic rocks in the Coast Mountains, Alaskan and Canadian Cordillera: Ancient crust bounded by juvenile terranes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Samson, Scott D.; Patchett, P. Jonathan; McClelland, William C.; Gehrels, George E.

    1991-08-01

    Nd isotopic data are reported for 52 samples from the crustal region between the Alexander-Wrangellia terrane and the Stikine terrane of the Alaskan and Canadian Cordillera. This region is composed of the Gravina belt, a Jurassic-Cretaceous assemblage of volcanic and clastic sedimentary rocks, the Taku terrane, a terrane of probable Early Permian to Late Triassic age, and four assemblages of metamorphic rocks that occur to the west of and within the Coast Mountains batholith. The Gravina belt has ɛNd(T) values that range from -1.1 to +8.3, similar to values of the underlying Alexander terrane, and consistent with the interpretation that it is a juvenile belt that formed in a back-arc or intra-arc basin within the Alexander terrane. Mid-Cretaceous plutons that were emplaced into the Gravina belt have ɛNd(T) values of +4.4 to +5.7 and were probably produced by mantle-derived melts that incorporated some Alexander terrane crust. The Taku terrane has ɛNd(0) values that range from -5.5 to +3.3, with corresponding depleted-mantle model (TDM) ages of 440 to 1430 Ma. A mid-Cretaceous pluton intruding the Taku terrane has an ɛNd(T) value of +5.1, a value indistinguishable from those determined for Cretaceous plutons intruding the Gravina belt. Metamorphic rocks east of and structurally overlying the Taku terrane are divided into the Tracy Arm assemblage, ɛNd(0)=-26 to 0, TDM=800-2450 Ma; the Endicott Arm assemblage, eNd(0)=-10 to -1.3, TDM=950-1500 Ma; the Port Houghton assemblage, ɛNd(0)=-9.4 to +1.1, TDM = 550-1500 Ma; and the Ruth assemblage, ɛNd(0) = -9.4 to +2.0, TDM=650-1300 Ma. These isotopic signatures indicate that a substantial component of each metamorphic assemblage was derived from Precambrian continental crust. The metamorphic rocks from these assemblages are lithologically very similar to rocks of the Yukon-Tanana (YTT) terrane of eastern Alaska and Yukon Territory and have such similar U-Pb detrital zircon ages and Nd isotopic compositions to YTT

  16. Investigating a Hierarchy of Eulerian Closure Models for Scalar Transfer Inside Forested Canopies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Juang, Jehn-Yih; Katul, Gabriel G.; Siqueira, Mario B.; Stoy, Paul C.; McCarthy, Heather R.

    2008-07-01

    concentration (and temperature) profiles inside the canopy as well as scalar fluxes above the canopy, (iv) there are no clear gains in predictive skills when using third-order closure schemes over their second-order closure counterparts. At inter-annual time scales, biases in modelled scalar fluxes incurred by using the WMA exceed those incurred when correcting for the seasonal amplitude in the maximum carboxylation capacity ( V cmax, 25) provided its mean value is unbiased. The role of local thermal stratification inside the canopy and possible computational simplifications in decoupling scalar transfer from the generation of the flow statistics are also discussed. “The tree, tilting its leaves to capture bullets of light; inhaling, exhaling; its many thousand stomata breathing, creating the air”. Ruth Stone, 2002, In the Next Galaxy

  17. Obituary: Helen Dodson Prince, 1905-2002

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lindner, Rudi Paul

    2009-01-01

    result of a number of summers spent, during her Wellesley years, at the solar observatory at Meudon, near Paris. When she returned to Michigan, Dodson became involved in the study of solar flares, based upon the long series of daily observations made with the tower telescopes at Lake Angelus and the improved spectroscopic equipment developed by Robert McMath, Orren Mohler, Leo Goldberg, Keith Pierce, and others. Her colleague during most of these years was Emma Ruth Hedeman, who co-authored many articles with her. Among her great accomplishments was the Comprehensive Flare Index, a widely used measure of flare activity. A "real live wire" and "a marvelous woman," in the words of students and colleagues, Dodson was also a kind and effective teacher, not at all vain about her accomplishments: She held that solar behavior has a way of making people humble. Dodoson was married to Edmund L. Prince and lived across Lake Angelus from the McMath-Hulbert Observatory; often she sailed to work, a joy denied to almost all other astronomers. During her years at McMath-Hulbert, The University of Michigan was the sole major American research university to have two women holding professorial positions in astronomy: Helen Dodson Prince and Hazel Marie Losh. One of the founding members of the Solar Physics Division, Professor Prince was a major factor in the rise and success of the McMath-Hulbert Observatory, even when, after the 1950s, urban growth and upper Midwestern weather conditions conspired to cripple the advantages the observatory's technologies had once conferred. Her colleagues and students recall her with great respect and affection.

  18. Cancer: A Personal Journey. Notes from the Edge.The Diary of Peter J. Morgan, M.D.

    PubMed

    Chabner

    1997-01-01

    from patient care until the end of his own illness. We hear accounts of his leaving his hospital bed in New York City, where he has received an infusion of chemotherapy, and driving across Long Island to volunteer at a university out-patient clinic in Stonybrook. During the last year of his life, he becomes a beloved teacher and attending physician in this clinic. One is left with the feeling that Peter Morgan has learned a great deal about what is important and beautiful in this life. The filmmaker, Ruth Yorkin Drazen, and the narrator, Matthew Broderick, have created a masterpiece. I can remember only one other movie, "Shadowland," the story of C.S. Lewis's marriage and the loss of his wife due to cancer, that speaks as eloquently to the confrontation with cancer. In that film, one is left with the overwhelming sorrow of the husband. The present film goes far beyond many of the personal narratives about cancer experiences that one finds so often in the media, simply because it allows a remarkable individual to speak to us about what was most precious in his life. For those of us in the medical profession, his message is particularly meaningful: his work as a physician was at the top of his list.

  19. Obituary: Lloyd V. Wallace (1927 - 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Born in 1927 in Detroit, Michigan, in humble circumstances, Lloyd developed an early interest in solar and planetary astronomy and was a protégé of Ralph Nichols, a physics professor at the University of Western Ontario. Later he moved back to the United States and obtained his Ph.D in Astronomy at the University of Michigan in 1957 under Leo Goldberg. It was while he was at the University of Michigan that he met and married his wife, Ruth. At various times in his early career, and as the result of a complex series of events, he held Canadian, British, and United States citizenships and even found time to become an expert professional electrician. On acquiring his degree he obtained a position with Joe Chamberlain at the Yerkes Observatory and began a lifetime association with Chamberlain and Don Hunten (then a visitor to Yerkes) in atmospheric and spectroscopic research. In 1962 they moved to Tucson where Chamberlain became the head of the Space Division at the Kitt Peak National Observatory, a unit set up by the first director, Aden Meinel, to apply advances in technology to astronomical research. Lloyd was hired as the principal experimenter in the observatory's sounding rocket program, which was set up by the National Science Foundation to provide staff and visitor access to the upper atmosphere for research purposes. With this program he supervised a series of 39 Aerobee rocket flights from the White Sands Missile range to investigate upper atmosphere emissions, aeronomic processes, and make astronomical observations over a period of about 10 years. He was also involved in the first attempts to establish a remotely controlled 50&rdquo telescope on Kitt Peak and efforts within the Division to create an Earth orbiting astronomical telescope. In parallel with these activities Lloyd conducted research which was largely focused on spectroscopic investigations. In the early days these included measurement of upper atmospheric emissions, particularly visual dayglow

  20. PREFACE: First Mediterranean Conference on Classical and Quantum Gravity (MCCQG 2009)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Basilakos, Spyros; Cadoni, Mariano; Cavaglia, Marco; Christodoulakis, Theodosios; Vagenas, Elias C.

    2010-04-01

    quite fruitful, enjoyable 'Mediterranean' atmosphere for the exchange of ideas and discussion. It is a pleasure to thank our administrative and technical staff Georgia Angelopoulou, Athina Pouri, Mando Zambeli and Manolis Zoulias for their untiring assistance. We also thank the staff of the OAC for the enthusiastic support and their hospitality. We are grateful to the Academy of Athens and the Tomalla Foundation for their generous financial support which made MCCQG possible. Finally, our gratitude goes to all the participants and especially the many experienced scientists. Their contributions highlighted the meeting. The success of the MCCQG is due to them and to the enthusiasm of the younger participants. The Editors March 2010 COMMITTEES Organising Committee Spyros Basilakos (RCAAM, Academy of Athens, Greece) Mariano Cadoni (University and INFN Cagliari, Italy) Marco Cavaglià (University of Mississippi, USA) Theodosios Christodoulakis (University of Athens, Greece) Elias Vagenas (RCAAM, Academy of Athens, Greece) Advisory Committee Ignatios Antoniadis (CERN, Switzerland) Orfeu Bertolami (IST, Lisbon, Portugal) Loriano Bonora (SISSA, Trieste, Italy) George Contopoulos (Academy of Athens, Greece) Ruth Durrer (Geneva University, Switzerland) Enrique Gaztanaga (IEEC, Barcelona, Spain) Gabriela Gonzalez (Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, USA) Marc Henneaux (Brussels University, Belgium) Roman Jackiw (MIT, USA) Claus Kiefer (Cologne University, Germany) Stefano Liberati (SISSA, Trieste, Italy) Ofer Lahav (University College London, UK) Roy Maartens (University of Portsmouth, UK) Don Marolf (UC Santa Barbara, USA) Hermann Nicolai (AEI, Potsdam, Germany) Augusto Sagnotti (Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italy) Mairi Sakellariadou (King's College London, UK) Jorge Zanelli (CECS, Valdivia, Chile) SPONSORS Academy of Athens The Tomalla Foundation Università di Cagliari University of Mississippi University of Athens LIST OF PARTICIPANTS Abdalla, Elcio (Instituto de