Science.gov

Sample records for laila chera eriks

  1. Encounters With Erik Erikson.

    PubMed

    Kakar, Sudhir

    2015-12-01

    This article recollects events from the author's association with Erik Erikson that lasted for a quarter of a century, from a first meeting in India when Erikson was working on his book Gandhi's Truth, to a few months before his death, to sketch a portrait of the man and his influence on Kakar's own career.

  2. ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF APPLIED LINGUISTICS (L'AILA). (TITLE SUPPLIED).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    STREVENS, PETER

    SPONSORED BY THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE, THE INSTITUTE OF APPLIED LINGUISTICS OF STOCKHOLM UNIVERSITY, AND AN INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF SPECIALISTS MEETING AT THE UNIVERSITY OF NANCY, L'ASSOCIATION INTERNATIONALE DE LINGUISTIQUE APPLIQUEE (L'AILA) WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1964. ITS PRINCIPAL AIMS ARE (1) COORDINATING RESEARCH, INFORMATION, AND ACADEMIC…

  3. Poetics of Narrative: A Study on the "Sons of the Wind" by Laila Al Atrash

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al Zuraigat, Asma M.; Zeidanin, Hussein Hasan

    2015-01-01

    This study aims at identifying the poetic devices overlapping with the genre of fiction in Laila Al Atrash's novel "The Sons of the Wind". The devices the study explores are the poetics of the title, poetics of the prologue and poetics of the language upon which the writer relies to support her point of view about the topics and issues…

  4. Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors among attendees of the Batu 9, Cheras Health Centre, Selangor, Malaysia.

    PubMed

    Amplavanar, N T; Gurpreet, K; Salmiah, M S; Odhayakumar, N

    2010-09-01

    This study describes the prevalence of selected cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors screened in patients 30 years and above attending a health centre in Cheras, Selangor. The study involved 3772 patients screened from March 2002 to June 2008. Risk factors screened included blood pressure, height, weight, serum total cholesterol, random blood sugar levels and smoking status. Majority of respondents were between 40 and 49 years of age (58.1%), males (64.7%) and ethnic Malays (74.4%). About two thirds (62.6%) were found to be overweight or obese, two fifths (40.2%) had hypercholesterolemia, a third (34.2%) had hypertension and 31.6% were smokers at some time. Overall 87% and 60% had at least one and two CVD risk factors respectively. Prevalence of four of the five risk factors screened was highest among the Malay middle aged men and lowest among the Chinese. Thus a substantial proportion of middle aged men were at high risk of CVD. Our findings show the need for ongoing monitoring of CVD risk factors and implementation of effective preventive strategies.

  5. Teaching Elder: Erik H. Erickson

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myers, William R.

    2015-01-01

    A renowned child psychoanalyst, Erik H. Erikson (1902-1994) is perhaps best known for his work on developmental theory ("Childhood and Society," 1950) and his studies of the lives of Martin Luther ("Young Man Luther," 1958) and Gandhi ("Gandhi's Truth", 1969). Twice he found himself intensely engaged in the role of…

  6. Teaching Elder: Erik H. Erickson

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myers, William R.

    2015-01-01

    A renowned child psychoanalyst, Erik H. Erikson (1902-1994) is perhaps best known for his work on developmental theory ("Childhood and Society," 1950) and his studies of the lives of Martin Luther ("Young Man Luther," 1958) and Gandhi ("Gandhi's Truth", 1969). Twice he found himself intensely engaged in the role of…

  7. Upper ocean variability in the Bay of Bengal during the tropical cyclones Nargis and Laila

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maneesha, K.; Murty, V. S. N.; Ravichandran, M.; Lee, T.; Yu, Weidong; McPhaden, M. J.

    2012-11-01

    Upper ocean variability at different stages in the evolution of the tropical cyclones Nargis and Laila is evaluated over the Bay of Bengal (BoB) during May 2008 and May 2010 respectively. Nargis initially developed on 24 April 2008; intensified twice on 27-28 April and 1 May, and eventually made landfall at Myanmar on 2 May 2008. Laila developed over the western BoB in May 2010 and moved westward towards the east coast of India. Data from the Argo Profiling floats, the Research Moored Array for African-Asian-Australian Monsoon Analysis and prediction (RAMA), and various satellite products are analyzed to evaluate upper ocean variability due to Nargis and Laila. The analysis reveals pre-conditioning of the central BoB prior to Nargis with warm (>30 °C) Sea Surface Temperature (SST), low (<33 psu) Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) and shallow (<30 m) mixed layer depths during March-April 2008. Enhanced ocean response to the right of the storm track due to Nargis includes a large SST drop by ∼1.76 °C, SSS increase up to 0.74 psu, mixed layer deepening of 32 m, shoaling of the 26 °C isotherm by 36 m and high net heat loss at the sea surface. During Nargis, strong inertial currents (up to 0.9 ms-1) were generated to the right of storm track as measured at a RAMA buoy located at 15 °N, 90 °E, producing strong turbulent mixing that lead to the deepening of mixed layer. This mixing facilitated entrainment of cold waters from as deep as 75 m and, together with net heat loss at sea surface and cyclone-induced subsurface upwelling, contributed to the observed SST cooling in the wake of the storm. A similar upper ocean response occurs during Laila, though it was a significantly weaker storm than Nargis.

  8. Effect of physical parameterization schemes on track and intensity of cyclone LAILA using WRF model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kanase, Radhika D.; Salvekar, P. S.

    2015-08-01

    The objective of the present study is to investigate in detail the sensitivity of cumulus parameterization (CP), planetary boundary layer (PBL) parameterization, microphysics parameterization (MP) on the numerical simulation of severe cyclone LAILA over Bay of Bengal using Weather Research & Forecasting (WRF) model. The initial and boundary conditions are supplied from GFS data of 1° × 1° resolution and the model is integrated in three `twoway' interactive nested domains at resolutions of 60 km, 20 km and 6.6 km. Total three sets of experiments are performed. First set of experiments include sensitivity of Cumulus Parameterization (CP) schemes, while second and third set of experiments is carried out to check the sensitivity of different PBL and Microphysics Parameterization (MP) schemes. The fourth set contains initial condition sensitivity experiments. For first three sets of experiments, 0000 UTC 17 May 2010 is used as initial condition. In CP sensitivity experiments, the track and intensity is well simulated by Betts-Miller-Janjic (BMJ) schemes. The track and intensity of LAILA is very sensitive to the representation of large scale environmental flow in CP scheme as well as to the initial vertical wind shear values. The intensity of the cyclone is well simulated by YSU scheme and it depends upon the mixing treatment in and above PBL. Concentration of frozen hydrometeors, such as graupel in WSM6 MP scheme and latent heat released during auto conversion of hydrometeors may be responsible for storm intensity. An additional set of experiments with different initial vortex intensity shows that, small differences in the initial wind fields have profound impact on both track and intensity of the cyclone. The representation of the mid-tropospheric heating in WSM6 is mainly controlled by amount of graupel hydrometeor and thus might be one of the possible causes in modulating the storm's intensity.

  9. Etmopterus lailae sp. nov., a new lanternshark (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae) from the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.

    PubMed

    Ebert, David A; Papastamatiou, Yannis P; Kajiura, Stephen M; Wetherbee, Bradley M

    2017-02-27

    A new species of lanternshark, Etmopterus lailae (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae), is described from the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, in the central North Pacific Ocean. The new species resembles other members of the "Etmopterus lucifer" clade in having linear rows of dermal denticles, and most closely resembles E. lucifer from Japan. The new species occurs along insular slopes around seamounts at depths between 314-384 m. It can be distinguished from other members of the E. lucifer clade by a combination of characteristics, including a longer anterior flank marking branch, arrangement of dermal denticles on the ventral snout surface and body, flank and caudal markings, and meristic counts including number of spiral valve turns, and precaudal vertebrate. A key to species of the Etmopterus lucifer-clade is included.

  10. Erik Erikson and his problematic identity.

    PubMed

    Wallerstein, Robert S

    2014-08-01

    In his psychohistorical biographies of Luther and Gandhi, Erik Erikson proposed that great issues of a particular time and place, as experienced by sensitive and creative individuals who are working to resolve their inner conflicts within these contexts, could find solutions that transcend themselves and yield conceptualizations that transform the world. Although Erikson was able to create a conceptualization of the adolescent task of establishing a coherent identity, one that gave voice to the aspirations and frustrations of the rebellious student movements of the 1960s, he was never able, over his lifetime, to resolve his own identity issues. Was he Dane or German, American or Scandinavian, Jew or Christian or both? His lifelong back-and-forths on this struggle are chronicled. © 2014 by the American Psychoanalytic Association.

  11. Erik Erikson: critical times, critical theory.

    PubMed

    Douvan, E

    1997-01-01

    The work and legacy of Erik Erikson are described in this brief outline of his career, his theories, and his impact on psychoanalysis, psychology, history, and the broader culture. His conception of the adolescent task-weaving internal tastes, talents, and values together with elements of one's life history and the demands of one's culture into a coherent identity-has had profound effects on developmental psychology and the way in which sophisticated youth construct and describe their lives. His extension of development through adulthood and old age established the field of life course development. His emphasis on the impact of history and culture on development was a critical element in the developing field of ego psychology. Many of his major contributions can be fruitfully understood in the context of his personal history and individual qualities.

  12. Untapped richness in Erik H. Erikson's rootstock.

    PubMed

    Kivnick, Helen Q; Wells, Courtney K

    2014-02-01

    Erik H. Erikson published his groundbreaking theory of 8 stages of lifelong psychosocial development in 1950. His theory expanded psychoanalytic concepts of psychosexual development to include the importance of social dynamics; it transcended then-current thinking that psychological development culminated in early adulthood, acknowledging that systematic human development continues throughout the entire life cycle. The theory made Erikson a pioneer in developmental psychology. His last authored book, Vital Involvement in Old Age, rearticulated and elaborated 3 principles that, in different words, are rooted in his original theory of healthy life cycle development: (1) Dynamic Balance of Opposites; (2) Vital Involvement; and (3) Life in Time. Using a lens informed by knowledge gained over the past 30 years and by reflections of one of the original researchers on that project, the current manuscript seeks to spark new interest in Erikson's late-life contribution. It explains the principles in new detail, links them to relevant research, and suggests ways they could enable Erikson's ideas to further enrich gerontological practice and research.

  13. Clarification and application of Erik Erikson's eighth stage of man.

    PubMed

    Rosel, N

    1988-01-01

    Erik Erikson used the film character of Dr. Borg from Wild Strawberries to flesh out his life cycle conception of ego integrity versus despair in old age. The present application of Erikson is to three women: Augusta Turnley (fiction), Florida Scott-Maxwell, and Arie Carpenter--three distinctly different lifestyles and educational backgrounds. Both the dialectical struggle contained in Erikson's model of old age and the specific concepts of ego integrity, despair and wisdom are made concrete in this theoretical exploration.

  14. Poul Erik Andersen's radiological work on Osteochondrodysplasias and interventional radiology

    PubMed Central

    Andersen, Poul Erik

    2011-01-01

    Poul Erik Andersen is a Professor and Interventional Radiologist at the University of Southern Denmark, Odense and Odense University Hospital, Denmark. His innovative and expertise is primarily in vascular interventions where he has introduced and developed many procedures at Odense University Hospital. His significant experience and extensive scientific work has led to many posts in the Danish Society of Interventional Radiology, the European Society of Radiology and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe, where he is a fellow and has passed the European Board of Interventional Radiology - The European qualification in Interventional Radiology. PMID:22022640

  15. Poul Erik Andersen's radiological work on Osteochondrodysplasias and interventional radiology.

    PubMed

    Andersen, Poul Erik

    2011-08-28

    Poul Erik Andersen is a Professor and Interventional Radiologist at the University of Southern Denmark, Odense and Odense University Hospital, Denmark. His innovative and expertise is primarily in vascular interventions where he has introduced and developed many procedures at Odense University Hospital. His significant experience and extensive scientific work has led to many posts in the Danish Society of Interventional Radiology, the European Society of Radiology and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe, where he is a fellow and has passed the European Board of Interventional Radiology - The European qualification in Interventional Radiology.

  16. 76 FR 28191 - Petition for Rulemaking Submitted by Mr. Erik Erb and 91 Cosigners

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-16

    ... rulemaking (PRM) submitted by Erik Erb, the petitioner, and 91 cosigners, in the planned ``Quality Control/Quality Verification'' (QC/QV) rulemaking (Docket ID: NRC-2009- 0090). The petitioner requested that the...

  17. The verbal portrait: Erik H. Erikson's contribution to psychoanalytic discourse.

    PubMed

    Capps, Donald

    2011-12-01

    This article makes the case that Erik H. Erikson developed a form of psychoanalytic discourse-the verbal portrait-which, although not unprecedented, became a focal feature of his work, and the testing ground for the cogency of his major contribution to psychoanalysis (the concept of identity). It suggests that Erikson was inspired to develop the verbal portrait because he came to psychoanalysis from art and was, in fact, a portrait artist. Drawing especially on the work of Richard Brilliant, it presents the view that a portrait is a portrayal of the subject's identity and goes on to show how Erikson's memorial to the cultural anthropologist Ruth Benedict is representative of the verbal portrait.

  18. Mother, melancholia, and humor in Erik H. Erikson's earliest writings.

    PubMed

    Capps, Donald

    2008-09-01

    Erik H. Erikson wrote three articles when he was in his late-twenties and an up-and-coming member of the psychoanalytic community in Vienna. At the time he wrote these articles, he was in a training psychoanalysis with Anna Freud, teaching at the Heitzing School in Vienna, and learning the Montessori method of teaching. These articles focus on the loss of primary narcissism and the development of the superego (or punitive conscience) in early childhood, especially through the child's conflict with maternal authority. They support the idea that melancholia, with its internalized rage against the mother, is the inevitable outcome of the loss of primary narcissism. I note, however, that the third of these articles makes a case for the restorative role of humor, especially when Freud's view that humor is a function of the superego is taken into account.

  19. [Erik Vio, surgeon from Rijeka at history's crossroad].

    PubMed

    Lazzarich, Marinko

    2016-08-01

    The fact that many famous denizens of Rijeka belong to different nationalities confirms this city's historic multicultural image. The life story of Erik Vio (1910-1966), renowned surgeon of international reputation, reflects the fate of many displaced residents of Rijeka who left to live in exile. After graduating in Rome, Vio worked as a medical doctor in Hong Kong for almost three decades. The question is weather a surgeon from Rijeka chose to live in Hong Kong because it reminded him of his hometown? The author finds the root of this thesis in Vio's novel The Pathways of Freedom (˝Irwege der Freiheit˝, Köln 1978), a particular medical-philosophic diagnosis of the contemporary civilization's spiritual state. Rare fragments dedicated to Rijeka confirm Vio's actual detachment; faced with his own identity, but also with the others' with whom he shared his living space, a surgeon from Rijeka became a true citizen of the world and at the same time a stateless person with no roots of his own. Through the projection of Hong Kong one can detect the novel's identification backbone: writer's provocation of the ideological perspective on socio-cultural relations. By engaging in the interpretation of Vio's The Pathways of Freedom the author seeks to dissect a sociological dimension of descriptions of dual identities in border space. This leads to the issue of understanding and tolerance toward the others.

  20. Erik Erikson's dream specimen paper. A classic revisited.

    PubMed

    Levine, H B

    1998-01-01

    This paper offers an overview of Erik Erikson's contribution to psychoanalysis, contrasting the humanistic perspective from which he viewed psychoanalysis with the biological perspective adopted by Heinz Hartmann. The vehicle for this comparison and for the explication of Erikson's extension of the work of Freud and Hartmann is Erikson's analysis of Freud's Irma dream, as presented in his Dream Specimen paper. I hope to show that: (1) Erikson's analysis of Freud's Irma dream provides a masterful illustration of the richness and complexity of past and current life themes and conflicts that inform the dreamer's construction of the manifest surface of the dream. (2) Erikson's examination of the relationship between the manifest content of the dream and the current life context of the dreamer leads him to propose a connection between trauma and the origins of the dream. This view complements Freud's discovery of the instinctual motivation for dreaming and anticipates subsequent discoveries concerning the role of dreams and REM sleep in defensive ego functioning and adaptation. (3) The Dream Specimen paper presents readers with a humanistic ego psychology that rests upon--but is subtly different from--the work of Hartmann and the other biologically oriented analysts of his day. In this sense, Erikson's paper is an elegant "specimen" of ego psychology carried to its most creative heights.

  1. Practical Applications of Erik Erikson's Theory to College Reading Instruction and Interpretation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaplin, Miriam T.

    Responses of four people to the book "Future Shock" are analyzed in relation to Erik Erikson's theory of personality. Results were interpreted as support for Erickson's theory and as illustration of how people interpret written language in terms of their own situations and life histories. In general, adults applied more detached and…

  2. ERIK: An Expert Ship Message Interpreter New Mechanisms For Flexible Passing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosenberg, J.

    1985-04-01

    ERIK (Evaluating Reports using Integrated Knowledge) is a working system that was developed for the U.S. Coast Guard to parse ship messages. ERIK is capable of parsing at an impressive rate of 1000 to 2000 messages per day, sent from merchant vessels in all parts of the world. Since these reports contain vital information it is important that the system can parse and correct them quickly and accurately, and furthermore know when it has failed to do so. This paper will focus on the following three algorithms: The IntaaLatad spaliaL/ReqQanizeL integrates the tasks of recognizing items on the input stream and spelling correction. Traditionally these tasks were separated, with items that could not be recognized passed on to a separate speller. We will describe the process that allows fast expectation-based spelling correction and recognition in one unit. The InteLRLatara is a general control structure that allows parsing of the various fields even when the reports fail to follow a fixed format, contains various types of ambiguities (both structurely and conceptually) and can handle the intrusion of noisy and irrelevant information. Changing Contaxta without laking has the ability to recover from wrong assumptions due to erroneous information and correct the previously parsed structures without the need to reparse what has already been processed. These three algorithms provided the core of the ERIK system allowing it to accurately parse and correct ship messages with confidence in a real time, real world situation.

  3. Psychometric assessment of the Emotional Reactions Instrument-Korean (ERI-K) to measure Korean children's emotional reaction to hospitalization.

    PubMed

    Kim, Jin-Sun; Park, Jeong-Hwan; Foster, Roxie L; Cheng, Sufen

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to test psychometric properties of the Emotional Reactions Instrument-Korean (ERI-K). A convenience sample of 170 hospitalized Korean children was recruited. Each child was asked to describe how she or he felt during hospitalization, through the ERI-K and the Facial Affective Scale. Surprisingly, children reported lower levels of negative emotions and physical discomfort and a moderate level of positive emotion (Happy, Good). Internal consistency reliability of .88 for the 14-item scale provides strong support for reliability. Construct validity was supported by item-to-total correlations ranging between .42 and .65. Exploratory factor analysis identified two factors that explained 54% of the variance. Further testing of the ERI-K is recommended to provide additional evidence of psychometric adequacy across Korean populations.

  4. The class analysis of poverty: a response to Erik Olin Wright.

    PubMed

    Novak, T

    1996-01-01

    In Erik Olin Wright's recent essay "The Class Analysis of Poverty," his principal argument was about the centrality of class for understanding and analyzing poverty. While agreeing with this central argument, the author of this article takes issue with Wright's analysis of class relations and in particular the position of the so-called underclass. The author offers instead an analysis that identifies poverty as a peculiar feature of capitalism and its class relationships, pointing to the need for a broader understanding of poverty and of the political forces that need to be mobilized for its eradication.

  5. A proposed model of psychodynamic psychotherapy linked to Erik Erikson's eight stages of psychosocial development.

    PubMed

    Knight, Zelda Gillian

    2017-01-25

    Just as Freud used stages of psychosexual development to ground his model of psychoanalysis, it is possible to do the same with Erik Erikson's stages of development with regards to a model of psychodynamic psychotherapy. This paper proposes an eight-stage model of psychodynamic psychotherapy linked to Erik Erikson's eight stages of psychosocial development. Various suggestions are offered. One such suggestion is that as each of Erikson's developmental stages is triggered by a crisis, in therapy it is triggered by the client's search. The resolution of the search often leads to the development of another search, which implies that the therapy process comprises a series of searches. This idea of a series of searches and resolutions leads to the understanding that identity is developmental and therapy is a space in which a new sense of identity may emerge. The notion of hope is linked to Erikson's stage of Basic Trust and the proposed model of therapy views hope and trust as essential for the therapy process. Two clinical vignettes are offered to illustrate these ideas.

  6. The Development of a High School Poetry Writing Program from Selected Writings of Erik Erikson, Kenneth Koch, and Theodore Roethke.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, Albert Luck, Jr.

    In this study, a program for teaching poetry writing in secondary schools is derived from Kenneth Koch's and Theodore Roethke's ideas, and from Erik Erikson's model of adolescent human processes. A review of related literature defines three major approaches to the teaching of poetry writing: models, activities, and models and activities combined.…

  7. Mother, melancholia, and dreams in Erik H. Erikson's Insight and Responsibility.

    PubMed

    Capps, Donald

    2008-03-01

    In an earlier article (Capps, 2007a) on Erik H. Erikson's earliest writings (1930-1931) I focused on the relationship between the child's melancholia and conflict with maternal authority, and drew attention to the restorative role of humor. In a subsequent article (Capps, 2007b) on Erikson's Childhood and Society (1950) I explored the same theme of the relationship of melancholia and the mother, but focused on the restorative role of play. In this article drawing from his Insight and Responsibility (1964) I continue this exploration of the relationship of melancholia and the mother, but focus on the restorative role of dreams. In support of this understanding of dreams, I focus on Erikson's interpretation of one of Sigmund Freud's dreams in light of the first two stages of the life cycle, and his view that the dream itself is inherently maternal.

  8. Erik Lindbergh christens NASA's 747 Clipper Lindbergh with a special commemorative concoction representing local, NASA, and industry partners

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2007-05-21

    Erik Lindbergh christens NASA's 747 Clipper Lindbergh, the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, with a special commemorative concoction representing local, NASA, and industry partners. The liquid consisted of a small amount of California wine representing NASA Dryden where the aircraft will be stationed, a small amount of Dr. Pepper (a Waco, TX invention), a quantity of French bottled water (to symbolize Charles Lindbergh's flight to Paris on this date), and a dash of German beer to represent the SOFIA German industry partners.

  9. I Feel Like an Armadillo: A Look at College Seniors and Recent Graduates Using Erik Erikson's Model of "Identity Versus Role-Diffusion."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jaurigue, Rebecca

    Developmental psychologist Erik Erikson observed that achieving a sense of self, an identity, was the important psychosocial task facing adolescents. The conflict lies in discovering and defining that identity despite parental and societal demands, changing values and opportunities, the influence of friends, and lovers, education, and finances.…

  10. Erik Lindbergh, grandson of famed aviator Charles Lindbergh, yanks the bunting to reveal the Clipper Lindbergh name on NASA's SOFIA 747SP on June 27, 2007

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2007-06-27

    Erik Lindbergh, grandson of famed aviator Charles Lindbergh, yanks the bunting to reveal the Clipper Lindbergh name on NASA's SOFIA Boeing 747SP on June 27, 2007. More than 250 VIPs, news media and guests joined NASA, DLR, USRA and other SOFIA staff for the debut of the airborne observatory at NASA Dryden.

  11. I Feel Like an Armadillo: A Look at College Seniors and Recent Graduates Using Erik Erikson's Model of "Identity Versus Role-Diffusion."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jaurigue, Rebecca

    Developmental psychologist Erik Erikson observed that achieving a sense of self, an identity, was the important psychosocial task facing adolescents. The conflict lies in discovering and defining that identity despite parental and societal demands, changing values and opportunities, the influence of friends, and lovers, education, and finances.…

  12. Erik Lindbergh unveils a plaque commemorating his grandfather to dedicate the 747 Clipper Lindbergh, a NASA airborne infrared observatory known as SOFIA

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2007-05-21

    Erik Lindbergh, grandson of aviator Charles Lindbergh, unveiled a plaque commemorating his grandfather on the 80th anniversary of Charles Lindbergh's transatlantic flight. The event was a dedication of the 747 Clipper Lindbergh, a NASA airborne infrared observatory that is beginning test flights in preparation for conducting world-class airborne astronomy. The project is known as the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, or SOFIA.

  13. The mother relationship and artistic inhibition in the lives of Leonardo da Vinci and Erik H. Erikson.

    PubMed

    Capps, Donald

    2008-12-01

    In four earlier articles, I focused on the theme of the relationship of melancholia and the mother, and suggested that the melancholic self may experience humor (Capps, 2007a), play (Capps, 2007b), dreams (Capps, 2008a), and art (Capps, 2008b) as restorative resources. I argued that Erik H. Erikson found these resources to be valuable remedies for his own melancholic condition, which had its origins in the fact that he was illegitimate and was raised solely by his mother until he was three years old, when she remarried. In this article, I focus on two themes in Freud's Leonardo da Vinci and a memory of his childhood (1964): Leonardo's relationship with his mother in early childhood and his inhibitions as an artist. I relate these two themes to Erikson's own early childhood and his failure to achieve his goal as an aspiring artist in his early twenties. The article concludes with a discussion of Erikson's frustrated aspirations to become an artist and his emphasis, in his psychoanalytic work, on children's play.

  14. Threshold of the volcanic forcing that leads the El Niño-like warming in the last millennium: results from the ERIK simulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lim, Hyung-Gyu; Yeh, Sang-Wook; Kug, Jong-Seong; Park, Young-Gyu; Park, Jae-Hun; Park, Rokjin; Song, Chang-Keun

    2016-06-01

    In order to examine the threshold of the volcanic forcing that leads to the El Niño-like warming, we analyze a millennium ERIK simulation (AD 1000-1850) forced by three external forcings including greenhouse gases, solar forcing and volcanic eruptions using the ECHO-G coupled climate model. It is found that there exists a threshold of the volcanic forcing above 15 W/m2 to lead the El Niño-like warming in the climate model. When the volcanic forcing is above this threshold forcing, then the intensity of the Inter-tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) is weakened and its position is shifted to the south. This might be associated with the processes of less evaporation in the subtropical cloudless region by a cooling due to the reduction of net surface shortwave radiation. Concurrently, a weakening of ITCZ is associated with a weakening of the trade winds and the subsequent Bjerknes feedback causes El Niño-like warming. Therefore, El Niño-like warming events can occur when volcanic eruption is above threshold forcing, implying that there exists a certain level of radiative forcing change which is capable of changing the state of tropical Pacific sea surface temperature. The last millennium simulation of Paleoclimate Modeling Intercomparison Project Phase 3 climate models also indicates that there may exist a threshold forcing to lead the El Niño-like warming, which has been also discussed in the present study.

  15. Multi-proxy evidence for climate and North Atlantic Deep Water variability spanning the mid to late Holocene at the Erik sediment drift

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kleiven, H. F.; Ninnemann, U. S.; Irvali, N.

    2012-12-01

    The origin of Holocene abrupt climate changes like the 8.2 ka BP event, the 4.2 ka BP anomaly and the Little Ice Age, and in particular the role of ocean dynamics in these events, is a matter of considerable debate. The paucity of marine records capable of portraying both climate and North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) properties during these anomalies has confounded efforts to determine how, or even if, deep ocean ventilation changed at these times. To elucidate the timing, magnitude, and nature of climate and deep-water changes spanning the mid to late Holocene we have generated a suite of high-resolution multi proxy records in cores MD03-2665 and GS06-144-MC03 (57°26.56N, 48°36.60W, 3440 m water depth) from the Erik Drift. The Holocene in this core is represented by ~5.6 m of sediment, and previous studies (Kleiven et al., 2008) demonstrate that the site is sensitively situated and provides the temporal fidelity to detect abrupt climate and deep circulation events. We reconstruct the bottom water physical and chemical properties of the deep overflowing branches from the Nordic Seas using oxygen and carbon isotopes of benthic foraminifera, whereas changes in the vigor of near bottom flow are inferred from size variations in mean sortable silt. Changes in North Atlantic hydrography are portrayed using records of planktonic foraminiferal isotopes and assemblage counts, ice-rafted debris counts, as well as modern analog technique sea surface temperature estimations. Major elements are also obtained throughout the core by XRF scanning. The planktonic foraminiferal oxygen isotopic and sea surface temperature reconstructions from 7 to 0 ka BP exhibit a distinct sequence of multi-centennial to millennial-scale cooling events. The first of these prominent coolings that characterize the late Holocene is initiated ~4.6 ka BP, and culminates at 4.0 ka BP. Similarly strong coolings occur between 2.9-2.5ka and at the onset of the Little Ice Age at ~0.5 ka BP (1450 AD). Many of

  16. A Conversation with Erik Erikson.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Elizabeth

    1983-01-01

    Erikson discusses the experience of growing old and how it is changing. He reflects on the life cycle and his theory of human development, and on Gandhi's technique of nonviolence and its relationship to generativity. (SK)

  17. Erik Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development and Vocational Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munley, Patrick H.

    1975-01-01

    Stage resolution attitudes, derived from the first six stage crises outlined by Erikson, were explored as variables influencing problems in vocational choice and vocational maturity. Findings indicated students who made adjusted vocational choices and developed mature career attitudes had also been more successful resolving the first six…

  18. Clarification and Application of Erik Erikson's Eighth Stage of Man.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosel, Natalie

    1988-01-01

    Applies Erikson's life cycle conception of ego integrity versus despair in old age to three octogenarian women: Augusta Turnley (fiction), Florida Scott-Maxwell, and Arie Carpenter. Both dialectical struggle in Erikson's model of old age and specific components of ego integrity, despair, and wisdom are made concrete in theoretical exploration of…

  19. Homosexual mutuality: variation on a theme by Erik Erikson.

    PubMed

    Sohier, R

    The exploratory descriptive study described here was conducted in order to produce the initial empirical evidence to support reformulation of the theoretical construct of heterosexual mutuality (Erikson, 1975). Six persons were interviewed in depth on tape in order to locate them on one of four identity statuses constructed by Marcia (1964, 1966, 1973). The tool was modified and extended to meet the purposes of the study. The questions are directed toward illumination of conflictual moments in the life cycle when the ability to make appropriate decisions engenders character growth, and supports the personality integration of adulthood. An ability to make decisions results in personality integration. The small study provides evidence that there exists a homosexual mutuality (contrary to Erikson's position) which is no less valuable than heterosexual mutuality, and forms an equal basis for adult personality integration.

  20. The Psychosocial Development of Children: Implications for Education and Society--Erik Erikson in Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batra, Sunil

    2013-01-01

    How do schooling years impact children's lives, in rural and urban settings? Why do some children have lower self-esteem than others? What kinds of conflicts do adolescents experience in their search for identity? Why are some teachers able to understand the importance of ensuring the well-being of children while others do not? Does the emotional…

  1. 75 FR 71368 - Erik Erb; Notice of Receipt of Petition for Rulemaking

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-23

    ... Regulatory Commission (NRC) has received a petition for rulemaking (PRM) dated August 17, 2010, submitted by..., and has been assigned PRM-26-6. The petitioner requests that the NRC amend its regulations to decrease... of 3 days per week to 2.5 or 2 days per week. The NRC is also requesting public comments on the...

  2. The Psychosocial Development of Children: Implications for Education and Society--Erik Erikson in Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batra, Sunil

    2013-01-01

    How do schooling years impact children's lives, in rural and urban settings? Why do some children have lower self-esteem than others? What kinds of conflicts do adolescents experience in their search for identity? Why are some teachers able to understand the importance of ensuring the well-being of children while others do not? Does the emotional…

  3. 78 FR 75350 - Goldenshores Technologies, LLC and Erik M. Geidl; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-11

    ... application (``Brightest Flashlight App'') to consumers for use on their Android mobile devices. The Brightest Flashlight App purportedly works by activating all lights on a mobile device, including, where available, the... respondents may periodically collect, maintain, process, and use information from users' mobile devices to...

  4. The passions and perils of interpretation (of dreams and texts): an appreciation of Erik Erikson's Dream specimen paper.

    PubMed

    Coen, S J

    1996-06-01

    The author reconsiders Erikson's 'Dream specimen' paper as a forerunner of subsequent reader-response criticism, constructive writings on the exploration of countertransference and our contemporary debates about the constructions of meaning in the analytic and literary situations. He regards Erikson as deconstructing our interpretive efforts with texts and with patients; we are to move away from an interpretive process in which we pin down meanings towards opening up the ongoing exploration of multiple meanings. By emphasising self-reflexive questioning and joyful play between texts and readers and analysands and analysts, Erikson contributed to opening up the pleasures of both psychoanalysis and literary criticism. Although he wonders whether Erikson may have wished to move his own creativity beyond conflict, the author heartily endorses his encouraging us to enjoy playing with our materials--texts, dreams and analyses.

  5. Bibliography of Documents Related to the Theory, Operation and Performance of Coaxial Plasma Guns

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-09-01

    Efficiency of Pulsed Plasma Accelerators," AIAA Journal, Vol. 3, No. 6, June 1965, pp. 1209- 1210. Bocancea, A., Chera, T., Mandache , N., Pantea, A. and...Switzerland, 1981. Cebanu, A., Chera, T., Dinu, L., Ionescu, G., Ionescu-Bujor, T., Iordhnescu, A., Mandache , N., Tsois, N., Vlad, M., Zaharescu, M...38, No. 3, March 1986, pp. 17-27. 1Irsti, I., Iva$cu, M., Cotrutl, D., Dumitrescu-Zoita, C., Ludu, A., Mandache , N., Novac, B., Z~mbreanu, V. and

  6. Implications in the Theories of Lev Vygotsky, Jean Piaget, George Kelly and Erik Erikson for the Assessment of Instruction in College Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaplin, Miriam Thomas

    The interpretation a mature reader gleans from written language is a reflection of his linguistic, cognitive, emotional, and experiential level. In providing adequate instruction, therefore, instructors must be knowledgeable about the developmental sequences characteristic of each of these domains. The theories of L.S. Vygotsky, George Kelly, Jean…

  7. NASA's 2013 REEL Science Communications contest: Hurricane Science

    NASA Image and Video Library

    This video on NASA satellite and aircraft observations of hurricanes was produced by Will Reiss and Erik Borchers, students at Cardinal Gibbons High School in Raleigh, North Carolina. Will and Erik...

  8. Transforming Change in the Military: A Systems Approach

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-01

    IN THE MILITARY: A SYSTEMS APPROACH by James G. Alden Amber L. Hopeman Jodi A. Neff June 2007 Thesis Advisor: Erik Jansen Thesis Co...Approved by: Dr. Erik Jansen Thesis Advisor George Lober Co-Advisor Dr. Gordon McCormick Second Reader Dr. Gordon McCormick Chairman...help you answer it. We also would like to thank our other two advisors, Erik Jansen and George Lober. Erik, we couldn’t have done this without your

  9. Effect of Assessment Process on Measuring Homeland Security Capability

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-09-01

    16 Gail Thomas, Susan Hocevar and Erik Jansen, A Diagnostic Approach to Building Collaborative Capacity in an Interagency...36 Hocevar, Susan , Gail Thomas and Erik Jansen, “Building Collaborative Capacity: An Innovative Strategy for Homeland...and Training. (2006): Appendix A. Hocevar, Susan , Gail Thomas and Erik Jansen. “Building Collaborative Capacity: An Innovative Strategy for

  10. Datalingvistik, 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kjaersgaard, Poul Soren, Ed.

    2002-01-01

    Papers from the conference in this volume include the following: "Towards Corpus Annotation Standards--The MATE Workbench" (Laila Dybkjaer and Niels Ole Bernsen); "Danish Text-to-Speech Synthesis Based on Stored Acoustic Segments" (Charles Hoequist); "Toward a Method for the Automated Design of Semantic…

  11. Learner-Interface Interaction for Technology-Enhanced Active Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sinha, Neelu; Khreisat, Laila; Sharma, Kiron

    2009-01-01

    Neelu Sinha, Laila Khreisat, and Kiron Sharma describe how learner-interface interaction promotes active learning in computer science education. In a pilot study using technology that combines DyKnow software with a hardware platform of pen-enabled HP Tablet notebook computers, Sinha, Khreisat, and Sharma created dynamic learning environments by…

  12. Learner-Interface Interaction for Technology-Enhanced Active Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sinha, Neelu; Khreisat, Laila; Sharma, Kiron

    2009-01-01

    Neelu Sinha, Laila Khreisat, and Kiron Sharma describe how learner-interface interaction promotes active learning in computer science education. In a pilot study using technology that combines DyKnow software with a hardware platform of pen-enabled HP Tablet notebook computers, Sinha, Khreisat, and Sharma created dynamic learning environments by…

  13. Datalingvistik, 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kjaersgaard, Poul Soren, Ed.

    2002-01-01

    Papers from the conference in this volume include the following: "Towards Corpus Annotation Standards--The MATE Workbench" (Laila Dybkjaer and Niels Ole Bernsen); "Danish Text-to-Speech Synthesis Based on Stored Acoustic Segments" (Charles Hoequist); "Toward a Method for the Automated Design of Semantic…

  14. Bibliography of Documents Related to the Theory, Operation, Performance and Applications of Coaxial Plasma Guns. Revision

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-11-01

    Bocancea, A., Chera, T., Mandache , N., Pantea, A. and Zoi~a, V., "Study of Medium Energy Ions in a Plasma Focus Device," in Europhysics Conference...VIordanescu, A., Mandache , N., Tsois, N., Vlad, M., Zaharescu, M., Zambreanu, V. and Zoita, V., "Generation and Diagnostics of Energetic Particles and...Ursu, I., Iva$cu, M., Cotrupt, D., Dumitrescu-Zoita, C., Ludu, A., A Mandache , N., Novac, B., Zambreanu, V. and Zoita, V., "Experiments with a Plasma

  15. Identity and the Military Profession: An Eriksonian Perspective

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-04-01

    The theories of professor/psychoanalyst Erik Erikson provide an ideal conceptual framework for studying the dimensions and dynamics of identity...nent psychoanalyst, Erik Erikson , as a conceptual Framework for analyzing how an Army officer’s individual and profes- sional identity develops. It...noted psychoanalyst Erik Erikson provide an ideal framework For studying the growth of identity and the problems in developing a coherent sense of self

  16. A Teacher's Power: A Muslim Child's Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shatara, Leila Hilal

    2007-01-01

    The author came to the United States when she was seven years old from Amman, Jordan. She entered public school and within two years had mastered the language and excelled in school, as did all her siblings. When she was in the third grade her teacher told her she was spelling and pronouncing her name wrong. Her name is "Laila" and that is how it…

  17. Towards Unbiased Evaluation of Uncertainty Reasoning: The URREF Ontology

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    NUMBER 19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON 19b. TELEPHONE NUMBER Paulo Costa Paulo Costa, Kathryn Laskey, Erik Blasch, Anne- Laure Jousselme 611102 c...Force Research Lab Rome, NY, 13441 erik.blasch@rl.af.mil Anne- Laure Jousselme Defence R&D Canada-Valcartier Québec City, QC, G3J 1X5 Anne

  18. Photo of family members of STS-5 commander, Vance D. Brand

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1982-01-01

    Erik Brand and his mother Beverly are seen in a photo of family members of STS-5 commander Vance D. Brand. Erik holds a small model of the space shuttle with its solid rocket boosters and external fuel tank still attached.

  19. Photo of family members of STS-5 commander, Vance D. Brand

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1982-01-01

    Erik Brand and his mother Beverly are seen in a photo of family members of STS-5 commander Vance D. Brand. Erik holds a small model of the space shuttle with its solid rocket boosters and external fuel tank still attached.

  20. Assessing Learning Outcomes in a Broadcast Learning Environment: Application of the Dynamics Concepts Inventory

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-30

    maintaining classroom discipline and focusing on broadcast lectures (Brian Barker, Erik Newell-Lavigne, Claudia Heflin , and Edgar Felix, personal...15 Brian Barker, Erik Newell-Lavigne, Claudia Heflin , and Edgar Felix, personal communications, 2007/2008, Interviews with Fresno campus Dynamics students, Loscutoff, December 2007.

  1. 75 FR 13282 - Pesticide Products; Registration Applications

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-19

    ...: Glyphosate. Proposed Use: Roundup ready sweet corn. Contact: Erik Kraft, (703) 308-9358, kraft.erik@epa.gov... affected entities may include, but are not limited to: Crop production (NAICS code 111). Animal production.... Company name and address: Syngenta Crop Protection, Inc., P.O. Box 18300, Greensboro, NC 27419....

  2. Baghdad, or Bust

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-06-18

    States involvement and perceived regional interests. 12 Laurent ,Erik, and Salinger , Peirre, Secret Dossier. The Hidden Agenda Behind the Gulf War...Fred C., Every War Must End, NY: Columbia University Press, 1971. Laurent, Erik, & Salinger , Pierre, Secret Dossier: The Hidden Agenda Behind the Gulf

  3. Bounding the Edge Cover Time of Random Walks on Graphs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-07-21

    34. The Annals of Probability, Vol 16, No. 1, pp. 189-199, 1988. [21] Niels Erik N6rlund. Vorlesungen Uber Diffcrcnzenrechnung. New York, Chelsea, 1954...16, No. 1, pp. 189-199, 1988. [21] Niels Erik N6rlund. Voriesungen Uber Differenzenrcchnung. New York, Chelsea, 1954. [22] Prasad Tetali. "Random

  4. Quantitative Side-Scan Sonar Research for Sediment Characterization and Development of Multibeam Subbottom Profiler

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-07-01

    Richard Slaughter and Erik Quiroz for survey and mechanical support. References A. KauaiEx Support Al. Jerald W. Caruthers, Erik Quiroz , Craig Fisher...abst. published in J. Acoust. Soc. Am., v 114, p. 2311,2003. A3. J.W. Caruthers, E. Quiroz , C. Fisher, R. Meredith, N.A. Sidorovskaia, and the

  5. Roots and Causes That Created the PKK Terrorist Organization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-01

    THAT CREATED THE PKK TERRORIST ORGANIZATION by Idris U. Eyrice September 2013 Thesis Advisor: Victoria Clement Second Reader: Erik...September 2013 Author: Idris U. Eyrice Approved by: Victoria Clement Thesis Advisor Erik Dahl Second Reader Mohammed Hafez...guidance of my professors and support from my family. Foremost, I would like to express my sincere gratitude to my advisor Prof. Victoria Clement

  6. SUICIDE BEHAVIOUR IN THE ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE TAMILS

    PubMed Central

    Somasundaram, O.S.; Babu, C. Kumar; Geethayan, I. Aruna

    1989-01-01

    SUMMARY Suicide behaviour has attracted attention not only from the professionals but also from writers, poets and philosophers of all times and all cultures. In this paper the author describes the suicide behaviour found in the great Tamil classic of the ‘Sangham’ period, PURANANURU, an anthology of the 11 century A. D. The incidents relate to the self immolation of Perun Koppendu on the death of her husband, the fast unto death of the Chera king when insulted by the prison guard and the suicides of important kings and poets after bereavement. PMID:21927385

  7. Assessment of attitudes and practices of young Malaysian adults about antibiotics use: a cross-sectional study.

    PubMed

    Hassali, Mohamed A; Arief, Mohammad; Saleem, Fahad; Khan, Muhammad U; Ahmad, Akram; Mariam, Warisha; Bheemavarapu, Harika; Syed, Iizhar A

    2017-01-01

    The present study was aimed to evaluate the practices and attitudes of young Malaysian adults towards the use of antibiotics, and to determine the socioeconomic factors associated with the antibiotic use. A survey was carried in Cheras community by approaching a conveniently selected sample of 480 participants. A pre-tested questionnaire was used for data collection. Of 480 participants approached, 400 agreed to participate in this study, giving a response rate of 83.3%. The study results showed that 42.75% of the participants exhibited poor attitudes towards antibiotic usage. Chinese race and high income were significantly associated with the positive attitudes towards antibiotic usage. It is shown that the practice of the participants towards antibiotics was relatively poor. The majority of participants agreed that they do not consult a doctor for minor illnesses (64%). The main reason for not consulting a doctor was the high fees of consultation (34.25%) and the inconvenience of visit (29.25%). However, a large proportion of respondents (77.5%) agreed that there is a need to enhance antibiotic education among public. The study results identified some crucial gaps in the attitudes and practices of Cheras community about the use of antibiotics. Thus, improving the public knowledge and changing their attitude towards antibiotic use along with proper interventions to regulate the ease of their availability would play a significant role for the effective use of antibiotics in the community.

  8. Assessment of attitudes and practices of young Malaysian adults about antibiotics use: a cross-sectional study

    PubMed Central

    2017-01-01

    Objective: The present study was aimed to evaluate the practices and attitudes of young Malaysian adults towards the use of antibiotics, and to determine the socioeconomic factors associated with the antibiotic use. Methods: A survey was carried in Cheras community by approaching a conveniently selected sample of 480 participants. A pre-tested questionnaire was used for data collection. Result: Of 480 participants approached, 400 agreed to participate in this study, giving a response rate of 83.3%. The study results showed that 42.75% of the participants exhibited poor attitudes towards antibiotic usage. Chinese race and high income were significantly associated with the positive attitudes towards antibiotic usage. It is shown that the practice of the participants towards antibiotics was relatively poor. The majority of participants agreed that they do not consult a doctor for minor illnesses (64%). The main reason for not consulting a doctor was the high fees of consultation (34.25%) and the inconvenience of visit (29.25%). However, a large proportion of respondents (77.5%) agreed that there is a need to enhance antibiotic education among public. Conclusion: The study results identified some crucial gaps in the attitudes and practices of Cheras community about the use of antibiotics. Thus, improving the public knowledge and changing their attitude towards antibiotic use along with proper interventions to regulate the ease of their availability would play a significant role for the effective use of antibiotics in the community. PMID:28690695

  9. Section III: Examining American Values: Value Choices Since Revolutionary Times

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Social Education, 1974

    1974-01-01

    The statements of Erik Erikson and Urie Bronfenbrenner on American values are followed by a values clarification exercise and an activity based on biographical sketches of five Americans who lived before and after the American Revolution. (KM)

  10. 77 FR 66084 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-01

    ... ERIC ARNOLD EWING TEJASWIN CONAN FAN HUIFANG FIRMENICH ADRIEN PIERRE FRENETTE RICHARD JOSEPH ARTHUR... SVENNAS KATARINA LEA SVENNAS KRISTOFER ERIK TAYLOR LAURA ANN TEO BERTRAND TIDD JOHN H. TIEN MELISSA CHIH...

  11. 77 FR 61755 - Performance Review Board Members

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-11

    ... LESLIE LEWIS TERESA LU MICHAEL METTLER ERIK MILLER TERESA MUNTZ DAVID MURPHY JUDITH NOVY STEVEN OLIN... TIMOTHY WILSON LEE ANDREW WOESTELL MEGAN WRIGHT DAVID YOUNG JASON Non-SES Employees Employee last...

  12. Aging According to Biography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiland, Steven

    1989-01-01

    Uses Erik Erikson's work to discuss how biographies treat aging. Explores how developmental theorists observe biographical representations of the life cycle and its applicability to aging. (Author/BHK)

  13. The adolescent with a learning disability: a developmental perspective.

    PubMed

    Cook, L D

    1979-01-01

    The psychosocial difficulties that usually accompany learning disabilities are examined from a framework of developmental theory, particularly that of Erik Erikson. The implications of this perspective for treatment of adolescents with learning problems is discussed, and a specific program described.

  14. Aging According to Biography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiland, Steven

    1989-01-01

    Uses Erik Erikson's work to discuss how biographies treat aging. Explores how developmental theorists observe biographical representations of the life cycle and its applicability to aging. (Author/BHK)

  15. Annual summary of Immobilized Low-Activity Waste (ILAW) Performance Assessment for 2003 Incorporating the Integrated Disposal Facility Concept

    SciTech Connect

    MANN, F M

    2003-09-01

    To Erik Olds 09/30/03 - An annual summary of the adequacy of the Hanford Immobilized Low-Activity Tank Waste Performance Assessment (ILAW PA) is necessary in each year in which a full performance assessment is not issued.

  16. The Role of Protein Elongation Factor eEF1A2 in Breast Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-01

    disease Jonathan M. Lee,1 Shoukat Dedhar,2,3 Raghu Kalluri,4,5,6 and Erik W. Thompson7,8 1Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology, and Immunology...pro- vided by Erik Thompson (University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia), who has identifi ed EGF as a novel EMT inducer in human breast cancer...the other independent of it (Antonio Garcia de Herreros, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain). Snail transcription is regulated by the

  17. Data-Driven Lead-Acid Battery Prognostics Using Random Survival Forests

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-10-02

    Data-Driven Lead-Acid Battery Prognostics Using Random Survival Forests Erik Frisk1, Mattias Krysander2, and Emil Larsson3 1,2,3 Department of...driven approach using random survival forests is proposed where the prognostic algorithm has access to fleet manage- ment data including 291 variables...but it is also used to, for example, power auxiliary units such as heating and kitchen Erik Frisk et al. This is an open-access article distributed

  18. Dome: Distributed Object Migration Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-05-01

    Best Available Copy AD-A281 134 Computer Science Dome: Distributed object migration environment Adam Beguelin Erik Seligman Michael Starkey May 1994...Beguelin Erik Seligman Michael Starkey May 1994 CMU-CS-94-153 School of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Abstract Dome... Linda [4], Isis [2], and Express [6] allow a pro- grammer to treat a heterogeneous network of computers as a parallel machine. These tools allow the

  19. Navy Careers and Adult Development.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-12-01

    family categories. 12 A. PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES OF DEVELOPMENT In Childhood and Society Erik Erikson broke new ground by proposing that development...a description of the mid-life crisis as any. The idea that adults may have stages in their life de- velopment was given formal legitimacy by Erik ... Erikson in his 7 book, Childhood and Society, first published in 1950. In that work Erikson proposed that there are eight stages in life, three of them in

  20. High Altitude Headache and Acute Mountain Sickness at Moderate Elevations in a Military Population During Battalion-Level Training Exercises

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-01

    Battalion-Level Training Exercises Jacob N. Norris Erik Viirre Hilary Aralis Michael K. Sracic Darren Thomas Jeffery H. Gertsch Report No. 10...Training Exercises LT Jacob N. Norris, MSC USN*; Erik Viirre, MD, PhD*; Hilary Aralis, MPH*; LT Michael K. Sracic, MC USNf; LT Darren Thomas, MC USNt...altitude diseases. Ann litem Med 2004; 141(10): 789-800. 3. Bartsch P, Bailey DM, Berger MM, Knauth M, Baumgartner RW: Acute mountain sickness

  1. User Information Fusion Decision Making Analysis with the C-OODA Model

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-07-01

    User Information Fusion Decision Making Analysis with the C-OODA Model Erik P. Blasch Defence R&D Canada-Valcartier 2459 Pie -XI Blvd. North...Québec City, QC G3J 1X5 erik.blasch@drdc-rddc.gc.ca Richard Breton Defence R&D Canada-Valcartier 2459 Pie -XI Blvd. North Québec City, QC G3J...1X5 Richard.breton@drdc-rddc.gc.ca Pierre Valin, Eloi Bosse Defence R&D Canada-Valcartier 2459 Pie -XI Blvd. North Québec City, QC G3J 1X5

  2. Topology Based Domain Search (TBDS)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-06-01

    such as CAIRN . Our partners in testing included Microsoft, Apple, and Sun. We did not extend testing and evaluation beyond that phase...specification. Other contributors of valuable ideas include Bernard Aboba, Mark Andrews, Randy Bush, Levon Esibov, James Gilroy, Olafur Gudmundsson, Erik

  3. 78 FR 6111 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-29

    ... Foods and Veterinary Medicine (OFVM). This new organizational structure was approved by the Secretary of... CONTACT: Erik Mettler, Office of Foods and Veterinary Medicine, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New... Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition and the Center for Veterinary Medicine affects the...

  4. Pseudorandom Number Generators for Mobile Devices: An Examination and Attempt to Improve Randomness

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-01

    Improved Cryptanalysis of the Self-Shrinking Generator,” Australasian Conference on Information Security and Privacy (ACISP) 2001 (Lecture Notes in...Computer Science (LNCS), Vol. 4284, (2006). Zenner, Erik, Matthias Krause, Stefan Lucks. 2001. “Improved Cryptanalysis of the Self- Shrinking

  5. Statistical Methods for Studying Genetic Variation in Populations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-01

    Zhou, Gabor T Marth, Erik P Garrison, Weichun Huang, Amit Indap, Deniz Kural, Wan-Ping Lee, Wen Fung Leong, Aaron R Quinlan, Chip Stewart, Michael P...3.6 Dennis Stanton and Dennis White. Constructive combinatorics. Undergraduate texts in mathe- matics. Springer-Verlag, 1986. 4.4.2 John D Storey

  6. Keys to the Future of American Business. Proceedings of the Creativity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship Conference (5th, Cincinnati, Ohio, March 18-19, 1988).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solomon, George T., Ed.; And Others

    The following papers are included: "Defining the Win and Thereby Lessening the Losses for Successful Entrepreneurs" (Arthur Lipper III); "It Can Be Done" (Anthony Lemme); "A Self-Portrait of Entrepreneurs" (George T. Solomon, Erik K. Winslow); "Software Entrepreneurship: Lessons Learned" (John Coyne);…

  7. Genetics and Mapping of Seedling Resistance to Ug99 Stem Rust in the Winter Wheat Cultivar Triumph 64 and Differentiation of SrTmp, SrCad, and Sr42

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Stem rust, caused by the fungus Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici Eriks. & E. Henn. (Pgt), is an important disease of wheat that can be controlled by deploying effective stem rust resistance (Sr) genes. The emergence of virulent Pgt races in Africa, namely Ug99 and its variants, has stimulated the se...

  8. Why Children Need Ongoing Nurturing Relationships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brazelton, T. Berry; Greenspan, Stanley I.

    2006-01-01

    Although consistent nurturing relationships with significant adults are taken for granted by most of us as a necessity for babies and young children, this commonly held belief is not often put into practice. Pioneers, such as Erik Erikson, Anna Freud, and Dorothy Burlingham, revealed that to "pass successfully through the stages of early…

  9. Taking the Awful out of the German Language: A Study of a New Way to Teach German Gender and Plural Assignment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kraiss, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    This paper is a study of a method for teaching German gender and plural assignment developed by the late Donald Steinmetz. My primary source for classroom material was the unpublished handbook for students that Steinmetz co-authored with Donald Nelson, The Joy of Gender: A Student Handbook made available to me by his son, Erik Steinmetz. In the…

  10. RESPIRATORY HEALTH OF RURAL AND FARM WOMEN IN THE KEOKUK COUNTY RURAL HEALTH STUDY

    EPA Science Inventory

    RESPIRATORY HEALTH OF RURAL AND FARM WOMEN IN THE KEOKUK COUNTY RURAL HEALTH STUDY
    Allison L. Naleway*, Nancy L. Sprince?, Erik R. Svendsen?, Ann M. Stromquist?, James A. Merchant?
    *Marshfield Medical Research and Education Foundation, Marshfield, WI; ?University of Iowa Co...

  11. Generativity and Flourishing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snow, Nancy

    2015-01-01

    The psychological construct of "generativity" was introduced by Erik Erikson in "Childhood and Society" in 1950. This rich and complex notion encompasses the constellation of desires, concerns and commitments that motivate individuals and societies to pass on legacies to future generations. "Flourishing," which means,…

  12. COLLECTION EFFICIENCY OF THE HIGH VOLUME SMALL SURFACE SAMPLER ON WORN CARPETS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Collection Efficiency of the High Volume Small Surface Sampler on Worn Carpets

    Erik R. Svendsen*?, Peter S. Thorne*, Stephen J. Reynolds*?, Patrick T. O'Shaughnessy*, Alba Quinones*, Dale Zimmerman*, and Nervana Metwali*

    *University of Iowa College of Public Health<...

  13. ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURES IN RURAL IOWA HOMES WITH ASTHMATIC CHILDREN

    EPA Science Inventory

    ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURES IN RURAL IOWA HOMES WITH ASTHMATIC CHILDREN
    Erik R. Svendsen*?, Stephen J. Reynolds*?, James A. Merchant*, Ann M. Stromquist*, Peter S. Thorne*. * The University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, IA ?Current: USEPA,RTP, NC ?Current: Colorado...

  14. Now That's a Good Question! How to Promote Cognitive Rigor through Classroom Questioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Erik M.

    2016-01-01

    In this book, Erik M. Francis explores how one of the most fundamental instructional strategies--questioning--can provide the proper scaffolding to deepen student thinking, understanding, and application of knowledge. You'll learn: (1) Techniques for using questioning to extend and evaluate student learning experiences; (2) Eight different kinds…

  15. COCKROACHES, PESTICIDE USE, AND CHILDREN'S PULMONARY FUNCTION IN AN ARID COMMUNITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Cockroaches, pesticide use, and children's pulmonary function in an arid community

    Erik Svendsen1, Mary Ross1, Melissa Gonzales2, Debra Walsh1, Scott Rhoney1, Gina Terrill1, Lucas Neas1
    1US EPA, Chapel Hill, NC; 2University of New Mexico

    The El Paso Children's He...

  16. Cognitive Process of Development in Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boddington, Eulalee N.

    2009-01-01

    In this article we explored the theories of Arnold Gesell, Erik Erickson and Jean Piaget about how human beings development. In this component we will analyze the cognitive processes of how children perceive and develop, in particular children from a cross-cultural background. How learning takes place, and how the influences of culture, and…

  17. Early Learning Theories Made Visible

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beloglovsky, Miriam; Daly, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    Go beyond reading about early learning theories and see what they look like in action in modern programs and teacher practices. With classroom vignettes and colorful photographs, this book makes the works of Jean Piaget, Erik Erikson, Lev Vygotsky, Abraham Maslow, John Dewey, Howard Gardner, and Louise Derman-Sparks visible, accessible, and easier…

  18. Theories of Childhood: An Introduction to Dewey, Montessori, Erikson, Piaget & Vygotsky, Second Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mooney, Carol Garhart

    2013-01-01

    This best-selling resource provides clear, straightforward introductions to the foundational theories of John Dewey, Maria Montessori, Erik Erikson, Jean Piaget, and Lev Vygotsky. Each chapter highlights a theorist's work and includes insight on how the theory impacts teaching young children today. Discussion questions and suggested readings are…

  19. AN UPDATE ON SOME ARSENIC PROGRAMS AT THE US EPA

    EPA Science Inventory

    An Update on Some Arsenic Projects at the United States

    Environmental Protection Agency*

    Charles O. Abernathy1, Michael Beringer2, Rebecca L Calderon3,

    Timothy McMahon4 and Erik Winchester3

    Offices of Science and Technology1, Solid Waste...

  20. Genetic mapping of resistance to the Ug99 race group of Puccinia graminis f. sp tritici in a spring wheat landrace CItr 4311

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Wheat landrace CItr 4311 has seedling resistance to stem rust caused by Puccinia graminis f. sp tritici Eriks. & E. Henn (Pgt) race TTKSK and field resistance to the Ug99 race group. Parents, F1 seedlings, 121 doubled haploid (DH) lines, and 124 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) developed from a cross...

  1. A Cultural Resources Testing Program, Holbrook, Arizona

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    The Coronado expedition assigned Lt. Garcia Lopez de Cardenas to explore the area in 1540. He apparently first used the term Rio de Lino (Flax River...1966 A Painted Kiva near Winslow, Arizona. American Antiquity 31(4):555-557. Reed, Erik K. 1947 Special Report on Review of Archaeological Survey

  2. Association Mapping of Leaf Rust Response in Durum Wheat

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Resistance to leaf rust (Puccinia triticina Eriks.) is a main objective for durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) breeding.Association mapping on germplasm collections is now being used as an additional approach for the discovery and validation of major genes/QTLs. In this study, a collection of 164 el...

  3. Why Children Need Ongoing Nurturing Relationships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brazelton, T. Berry; Greenspan, Stanley I.

    2006-01-01

    Although consistent nurturing relationships with significant adults are taken for granted by most of us as a necessity for babies and young children, this commonly held belief is not often put into practice. Pioneers, such as Erik Erikson, Anna Freud, and Dorothy Burlingham, revealed that to "pass successfully through the stages of early…

  4. Teaching Cognitive-Moral Development in College (A Generalist Approach).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gross, Francis L., Jr.

    1981-01-01

    Outlines methods of teaching moral issues to undergraduate students using works of Lawrence Kohlberg, William Perry, Jr., Erik Erikson, and Elisabeth Kubler-Ross in conjunction with literary tests. Encourages comparative and illustrative studies of literature and film. Suggests student participation in cognitive and moral decision making of…

  5. Guidance Protocol: Application of Nucleic Acid-Based Tools for Monitoring Monitored Natural Attenuation (MNA), Biostimulation, and Bioaugmentation at Chlorinated Solvent Sites

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-02-01

    By Carmen A. Lebrón (NAVFAC ESC) Dr. Erik Petrovskis (Geosyntec Consultants) Dr. Frank Löffler (University of Tennessee) Keith Henn (Tetra...Identification of Organic Ground Water Contaminants using Compound Specific Isotope Analysis, EPA/600/R-08/148. Fletcher, K. E., C. Cruz- Garcia , N. S

  6. Registration of 'Otto' Wheat

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Resistance to strawbreaker foot rot (caused by Oculimacula yallundae Crous & W. Gams and O. acuformis Crous & W. Gams) and to stripe rust (caused by Puccinia striiformis Westend. f. sp. tritici Eriks.) are important traits for winter wheat cultivars produced in the Pacifi Northwest region of the Uni...

  7. Registration of ‘Puma’ soft white winter wheat

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Resistance to strawbreaker foot rot (caused by Oculimacula yallundae Crous & W. Gams and O. acuformis Crous & W. Gams), stripe rust (caused by Puccinia striiformis Westend. f. sp. tritici Eriks.), and Cephalosporium stripe (caused by Cephalosporium gramineum Nisikado and Ikata) are important traits ...

  8. Danger and Opportunity: Institutional Identity Crises and Transformation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blumenfeld, Warren J.

    2006-01-01

    Using the theoretical lenses of Erik Erikson, Burton Clark, and Sonia Nieto, the author highlights the case of Colgate University--a private liberal arts university in central New York State--to consider larger issues of institutional identity by investigating points of crises bringing to the surface opposing forces, which struggle, on one hand,…

  9. Taking the Awful out of the German Language: A Study of a New Way to Teach German Gender and Plural Assignment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kraiss, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    This paper is a study of a method for teaching German gender and plural assignment developed by the late Donald Steinmetz. My primary source for classroom material was the unpublished handbook for students that Steinmetz co-authored with Donald Nelson, The Joy of Gender: A Student Handbook made available to me by his son, Erik Steinmetz. In the…

  10. Fellowship of "Fate" and Fellowships of "Faith": Religious Education and Citizenship Education in Europe

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roebben, Bert

    2008-01-01

    In this paper the relationship between religious identity and engagement in citizenship is examined from an educational point of view. The Dutch systematic theologian Erik Borgman refers to the development of European citizenship as a project of "fellowship of fate": we will need to rediscover a common vision on humanity for Europe as…

  11. On the Origins and Persistence of the Jewish Identity Industry in Jewish Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krasner, Jonathan

    2016-01-01

    "Jewish identity," which emerged as an analytical term in the 1950s, appealed to a set of needs that American Jews felt in the postwar period, which accounted for its popularity. Identity was the quintessential conundrum for a community on the threshold of acceptance. The work of Kurt Lewin, Erik Erikson, Will Herberg, Marshall Sklare,…

  12. Theories of Childhood: An Introduction to Dewey, Montessori, Erikson, Piaget & Vygotsky, Second Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mooney, Carol Garhart

    2013-01-01

    This best-selling resource provides clear, straightforward introductions to the foundational theories of John Dewey, Maria Montessori, Erik Erikson, Jean Piaget, and Lev Vygotsky. Each chapter highlights a theorist's work and includes insight on how the theory impacts teaching young children today. Discussion questions and suggested readings are…

  13. Education and Modernization: the European Experience. The "Intensive Course," Erasmus Strand III in Theory and History of Education and Comparative Education (2nd, Gazzada, Italy, March 15-27, 1993).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kruithof, Bernard, Ed.; Sting, Stephan, Ed.

    The articles presented in this document provide a framework for examining concepts of educational modernization in Europe. The document is organized into three parts. Part 1 "European Perspectives" includes: (1) What Is Implied by a "European curriculum"? Issues of Eurocentrism, Rationality, and Education (Sven Erik Nordenbo);…

  14. HOME ENVIRONMENT AND CHILDHOOD ASTHMA IN A RURAL IOWA COUNTY

    EPA Science Inventory

    HOME ENVIRONMENT AND CHILDHOOD ASTHMA IN A RURAL IOWA COUNTY
    Erik R. Svendsen*?, Stephen J. Reynolds*?, James A. Merchant*, Allison L. Naleway*?, Ann M. Stromquist*, Peter S. Thorne*.
    *University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, IA ?Current: USEPA RTP, NC ?Curre...

  15. Bereavement: Applying Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development to College Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Floerchinger, Debra S.

    One of the developmental challenges that a college student may have to face is the death of a significant other, friend, spouse, relative, child, or parent. This article reviews the literature on the potential effects of bereavement on a college student with respect to Erik Erikson's stage six of psychosocial development (intimacy versus…

  16. Identification and validation of single nucleotide polymorphic markers linked to Ug99 stem rust resistance in spring wheat

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Wheat stem rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici Eriks. and E. Henn.) is one of the most destructive diseases world-wide. Races belonging to Ug99 (or TTKSK) continue to cause crop losses in East Africa and threaten global wheat production. Developing and deploying wheat varieties with multiple race...

  17. Fellowship of "Fate" and Fellowships of "Faith": Religious Education and Citizenship Education in Europe

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roebben, Bert

    2008-01-01

    In this paper the relationship between religious identity and engagement in citizenship is examined from an educational point of view. The Dutch systematic theologian Erik Borgman refers to the development of European citizenship as a project of "fellowship of fate": we will need to rediscover a common vision on humanity for Europe as…

  18. RESPIRATORY HEALTH OF RURAL AND FARM WOMEN IN THE KEOKUK COUNTY RURAL HEALTH STUDY

    EPA Science Inventory

    RESPIRATORY HEALTH OF RURAL AND FARM WOMEN IN THE KEOKUK COUNTY RURAL HEALTH STUDY
    Allison L. Naleway*, Nancy L. Sprince?, Erik R. Svendsen?, Ann M. Stromquist?, James A. Merchant?
    *Marshfield Medical Research and Education Foundation, Marshfield, WI; ?University of Iowa Co...

  19. A Paediatrician Looks at Traditional Approaches to Emotional Development in Preschool and Primary Years. Foundation for Child and Youth Studies Selected Papers Number 46.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Susi Erika

    This discussion of the emotional development of young children is structured upon Erik Erikson's schemata of psycho-social development. Stage 1, which involves trust versus mistrust, includes references to Erikson's theory and the work of Melanie Klein, Berry Brazelton, Stella Chess and Alexander Thomas, John Bowlby, Anthony Stevens, and D. W.…

  20. Adult plant resistance to Puccinia triticina in a geographically diverse collection of Aegilops tauschii

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Despite extensive genetics and breeding research, effective control of leaf rust caused by Puccinia triticina Eriks., an important foliar disease of wheat, has not been achieved. This is mainly due to the widespread use of race-specific seedling resistance genes, which are rapidly overcome by new vi...

  1. Suicide in the Fire Service: Saving the Lives of Firefighters

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-03-01

    Interpersonal Theory of Suicide (ITS), Firefighter Behavioral Health Association (FBHA), National Fallen Firefighters Foundation (NFFF) 15. NUMBER OF...Advisor Erik Dahl Associate Chair of Instruction, Department of National Security Affairs iv THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK v...ABBREVIATIONS APA American Psychological Association ARC American Red Cross CBT cognitive behavioral therapy CISD Critical Incident Stress

  2. Strategic Planning For The Fire Service

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-03-01

    International Association of Firefighters (IAFF), International Organization for Standards (ISO), consensus standards, National Fire Protection Association ...Erik Dahl Associate Chair of Instruction Department of National Security Affairs iv THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK v ABSTRACT Fire...Fire Service GAO Government Accountability Office IAFF International Association of Firefighters ICS Incident Command System ISO

  3. Creativity and the Child's Social Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nabors, Martha L.; Edwards, Linda C.

    1994-01-01

    Presents three teacher-preschooler scenarios illustrating teacher actions that hinder creativity and social development. Discusses the connection between psychosocial and creative development in light of Erik Erikson's eight stages of psychosocial development. Suggests that teachers need to be flexible, consider children's feelings, foster…

  4. The Application of a Generativity Model for Older Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ehlman, Katie; Ligon, Mary

    2012-01-01

    Generativity is a concept first introduced by Erik Erikson as a part of his psychosocial theory which outlines eight stages of development in the human life. Generativity versus stagnation is the main developmental concern of middle adulthood; however, generativity is also recognized as an important theme in the lives of older adults. Building on…

  5. Is There Life After Adolescence and If So, Should Political Scientists Care?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kellerman, Barbara

    The paper describes developmental theories pertaining to adults and considers the implications of these theories for political scientists. Specifically, the works of four developmental theorists are examined: Erik Erikson's theory of the eight ages of man, Daniel J. Levinson's developmental stages which characterize the life of the early and…

  6. Genetic mapping of stem rust resistance to Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici race TRTTF in the Canadian wheat cultivar 'Harvest'

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Stem rust, caused by Puccinia graminis Pers.:Pers. f. sp. tritici Eriks. & E. Henn.(Pgt), is a destructive disease of wheat that can be controlled by deploying effective stem rust resistance (Sr) genes. Highly virulent races of Pgt in Africa have been detected and characterized. These include race T...

  7. COLLECTION EFFICIENCY OF THE HIGH VOLUME SMALL SURFACE SAMPLER ON WORN CARPETS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Collection Efficiency of the High Volume Small Surface Sampler on Worn Carpets

    Erik R. Svendsen*?, Peter S. Thorne*, Stephen J. Reynolds*?, Patrick T. O'Shaughnessy*, Alba Quinones*, Dale Zimmerman*, and Nervana Metwali*

    *University of Iowa College of Public Health<...

  8. An Interpolation Procedure to Patch "Holes" in a Ground and Flight Test Data Base (MARS)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-08-01

    WOLFE 1 DEPT OF STATISTICS OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY 1958 NEIL AVE COLUMBUS OH 43210-1247 DR ERIK V NORDHEIM 1 DEPT OF STATISTICS UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN...TMCB PROVO UT 84602 DR ELGIN PERRY 1 2000 KING’S LANDING RD HUNTINGTOWN MD 20639-9743 JOHN T CARR 1 VIRGINIA TECH CORPORATE RESEARCH CENTER 1800 KRAFT

  9. Experimental and Computational Failure Analysis of Graphite/Bismaleimide Laminated Composite and Carbon Foam in Sandwich Construction

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-03-01

    laboratory and related equipment, and John Camping, Ron Esterline, Erik Ripberger, and Ron Trejo from the University of Dayton Research Institute for...experimental load-strain slope, and the error between the ana - lytical prediction and the experimental outcome. As briefly discussed above, the Tsai-Wu

  10. Using Video Conferencing in Lecture Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibbs, Bill; Larson, Erik

    2007-01-01

    Duquesne University's department of journalism and multimedia arts supports many of its classes with Mediasite Live, a video conferencing system that captures the output of presentation devices and streams it live to the Web, as well as recording presentations for Web streaming or recording to CD or DVD. Bill Gibbs and Erik Larson examine the…

  11. An Analysis of Erikson's and Piaget's Theories of Human Growth. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Light, Donald W., Jr.

    Similarities and differences between Erik H. Erikson's and Jean Piaget's theories concerning social development and the process of identification are explored in this report. The first part of the report is a synthesis of Erikson's concept of the developmental processes of personal growth and societal development. The second part integrates…

  12. Strengthening Superconductivity in Macro-Arrays of Nanoclusters and Nanostructures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-02-11

    50] Murakami , Yoichi, Erik Einarsson, Tadao Edamura, and Shigeo Maruyama. "Polarization dependence of the optical absorption of single-walled carbon...34 Advanced Materials 14, no. 2 (2002): 899-901. [60] Yoo, S., Y. M. Jung, D. S. Lee, W. T. Han, K. Oh, Y. Murakami , T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama

  13. The doubt fighter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2011-08-01

    Science historian and 2011 Climate Change Communicator of the Year award-winner Naomi Oreskes talks to Nicola Jones about her latest book Merchants of Doubt (co-authored with Erik Conway), which documents how scientists obscured the truth on global warming.

  14. Genome-wide association mapping of leaf rust response in a durum wheat worldwide germplasm collection

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Leaf rust (caused by Puccinia triticina Eriks.) is increasingly impacting durum wheat production with the recent appearance of races with virulence to widely grown cultivars in many durum producing areas worldwide. A highly virulent P. triticina race on durum wheat was recently collected in Kansas....

  15. Viewing Generativity and Social Capital as Underlying Factors of Parent Involvement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Sharon; Patel, Nimisha

    2015-01-01

    Parent involvement in education is a multifaceted support that has many well-documented benefits for students of all ages. Parent involvement is also a common expression of generativity as defined in Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. The activities parents engage in during their children's educational pursuits, as well as their…

  16. Early Learning Theories Made Visible

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beloglovsky, Miriam; Daly, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    Go beyond reading about early learning theories and see what they look like in action in modern programs and teacher practices. With classroom vignettes and colorful photographs, this book makes the works of Jean Piaget, Erik Erikson, Lev Vygotsky, Abraham Maslow, John Dewey, Howard Gardner, and Louise Derman-Sparks visible, accessible, and easier…

  17. Sources of resistance to stem rust race Ug99 in spring wheat germplasm

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Wheat stem rust (Puccinia graminis Pers.:Pers. f. sp. tritici Eriks & E. Henn.) race TTKSK (Ug99) with virulence to the majority of the world’s wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties has spread from Uganda throughout eastern and southern Africa, Yemen, and Iran. The identification and spread of vari...

  18. The Adult Life Cycle: Exploration and Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baile, Susan

    Most of the frameworks that have been constructed to mark off the changes in the cycle of adulthood are characterized by a particular focus such as developmental ages, the role of age and timing, or ego development. The theory of Erik Erikson, based upon his clinical observations, represents these crucial turning points in human development: ages…

  19. Using RNA-sequencing and in silico subtraction to identify resistance gene analog markers for Lr16 in wheat

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Leaf rust, caused by Puccinia triticina Eriks., is one of the most widespread diseases of wheat worldwide and breeding for resistance is one of the most effective methods of control. Lr16 is a wheat leaf rust resistance gene that provides resistance at both the seedling and adult stages. Simple s...

  20. Deep Calling unto Deep: Pre-Oedipal Structures in Children's Texts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gooderham, David

    1994-01-01

    Provides an account of the deep structures of children's literature. Examines theorizing about these texts that deals with earliest affective experiences, including Julia Kristeva and Erik Erikson. Analyzes two texts from these perspectives: "Wind in the Willows" and "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory." (HB)

  1. Adult Development: Implications for Adult Education. Overview. ERIC Digest No. 41.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naylor, Michele

    Various researchers, including Carl Jung, Charlotte Buhler, Erik Erikson, and Robert Havighurst, have formulated sequential models of adult development. More recent investigators, such as Daniel Levinson, Roger Gould, and Gail Sheehy have formulated age-related sequential models of adult development that view the various stages of adulthood in…

  2. AN UPDATE ON SOME ARSENIC PROGRAMS AT THE US EPA

    EPA Science Inventory

    An Update on Some Arsenic Projects at the United States

    Environmental Protection Agency*

    Charles O. Abernathy1, Michael Beringer2, Rebecca L Calderon3,

    Timothy McMahon4 and Erik Winchester3

    Offices of Science and Technology1, Solid Waste...

  3. Molecular and cytogenetic characterization of wheat introgression lines carrying the stem rust resistance gene Sr39.

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Stem rust, caused by Puccinia graminis Pers.:Pers. f.sp. tritici Eriks. and Henn., poses a serious threat to global wheat production because of the emergence of Pgt-TTKSK (Ug99). The TTKSK resistant gene Sr39 was derived from Aegilops speltoides through chromosome translocation. In this study, we ch...

  4. COCKROACHES, PESTICIDE USE, AND CHILDREN'S PULMONARY FUNCTION IN AN ARID COMMUNITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Cockroaches, pesticide use, and children's pulmonary function in an arid community

    Erik Svendsen1, Mary Ross1, Melissa Gonzales2, Debra Walsh1, Scott Rhoney1, Gina Terrill1, Lucas Neas1
    1US EPA, Chapel Hill, NC; 2University of New Mexico

    The El Paso Children's He...

  5. Education and Modernization: the European Experience. The "Intensive Course," Erasmus Strand III in Theory and History of Education and Comparative Education (2nd, Gazzada, Italy, March 15-27, 1993).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kruithof, Bernard, Ed.; Sting, Stephan, Ed.

    The articles presented in this document provide a framework for examining concepts of educational modernization in Europe. The document is organized into three parts. Part 1 "European Perspectives" includes: (1) What Is Implied by a "European curriculum"? Issues of Eurocentrism, Rationality, and Education (Sven Erik Nordenbo);…

  6. Conserved loci of leaf and stem rust fungi of wheat share synteny interrupted by lineage-specific influx of repeat elements

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Background: Wheat leaf rust (Puccinia triticina Eriks; Pt) and stem rust (P. graminis f.sp. tritici; Pgt) are significant economic pathogens having similar host ranges and life cycles, but different alternate hosts. The Pt genome, currently estimated at 135 Mb, is significantly larger than Pgt, at ...

  7. Coherence and Composition: A Symposium. Papers. (Abo, Finland, March 16-18, 1984).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Enkvist, Nils Erik, Ed.

    A selection of the papers from a symposium on the application of linguistic concepts to teaching composition are contained in this document. The papers and authors are as follows: "Introduction: Coherence, Composition, and Text Linguistics" (Nils Erik Enkvist); "TUAP and the Teaching of Writing in Sweden" (Lennart Bjork): "Discourse-Level…

  8. Generativity and Flourishing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snow, Nancy

    2015-01-01

    The psychological construct of "generativity" was introduced by Erik Erikson in "Childhood and Society" in 1950. This rich and complex notion encompasses the constellation of desires, concerns and commitments that motivate individuals and societies to pass on legacies to future generations. "Flourishing," which means,…

  9. Four Predictions for Students' Tomorrows

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Erik

    2016-01-01

    What pieces of their education do adults actually use? Many highly successful people gain success without remembering large amounts of material that schools teach. Erik Palmer suggests that educators to take a closer look at what parts of their education have been critical to your adult success and what they wish they had been taught. In addition,…

  10. Preschool Education and Day Care for Swedish Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mueller, Jeanne

    A comprehensive study of the types of care provided for Swedish children is presented. The point is made that the three major frameworks which support the Swedish philosophy of early childhood education are those of Arnold Gesell, Jean Piaget, and Erik H. Erikson. From all three sources, preschool teachers learn the concept of epigenesis, the…

  11. 75 FR 69160 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-10

    ... De Terra Magnolia Degunzburg Marc David Dempfle Carl-Erik Hartmut Dimingo Tatiana Santo Djeu Tuck... Johnson Patricia Margaret Jung Manfred F. Justice Rose Ong Kadoorie Phillip Lawrence Kaizuka Atsuko... Peckford Louise Adele Peet Sylvia Peet William Edward Peterson Nancy L. Pethe Ellen Nmi Petith Howard...

  12. Revisiting Erikson's Views on Women's Generativity, or Erikson Didn't Understand Midlife Women.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edelstein, Linda N.

    The past 15 years have brought a re-evaluation of women's adult development in light feminist thinking. However, many outdated assumptions in psychological theory remain comfortably ensconced; to challenge these ideas, some misrepresentations of women's experience are examined. The focus is on Erik Erikson's explanation of the second stage of…

  13. Key Qualifications in Work and Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nijhof, Wim J., Ed.; Streumer, Jan N., Ed.

    This book contains the following chapters: "The Demarcation Issue: Introduction" (Wim J. Nijhof, Jan N. Streumer); "Qualifying for the Future" (Wim J. Nijhof); "The Many Meanings of Occupational Competence and Qualification" (Per-Erik Ellstroem); "Qualification and Labour Markets: Institutionalisation and…

  14. Mapping resistance to the Ug99 race group of the stem rust pathogen in a spring wheat landrace

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Wheat landrace PI 374670 has seedling and field resistance to stem rust caused by Puccinia graminis f. sp tritici Eriks. & E. Henn (Pgt) race TTKSK. To elucidate the inheritance of resistance, 216 BC1F2 families, 192 double haploid (DH) lines, and 185 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) were developed b...

  15. Preschool Education and Day Care for Swedish Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mueller, Jeanne

    A comprehensive study of the types of care provided for Swedish children is presented. The point is made that the three major frameworks which support the Swedish philosophy of early childhood education are those of Arnold Gesell, Jean Piaget, and Erik H. Erikson. From all three sources, preschool teachers learn the concept of epigenesis, the…

  16. Reframing Student Outcomes to Develop 21st Century Skills. Knowledge Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Erik

    2011-01-01

    In this brief, Erik Rice identifies three strategic practices schools, districts, and communities can use to help prepare students for college and career success: (1) To collectively articulate and align a set of student outcomes that prioritize 21st century skills; (2) Transform defined outcomes into functioning frameworks for curriculum and…

  17. Identification and mapping of adult plant stripe rust resistance in soft red winter wheat VA00W-38, Pioneer brand 26R46, and Coker 9553

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Since 2000, many of the previously effective wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedling stripe rust (pathogen Puccinia striiformis Westend. f.sp. tritici Eriks) resistance genes have become ineffective to the new more aggressive races of the pathogen. Because seedling resistance genes work on a gene for...

  18. Teaching Cognitive-Moral Development in College (A Generalist Approach).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gross, Francis L., Jr.

    1981-01-01

    Outlines methods of teaching moral issues to undergraduate students using works of Lawrence Kohlberg, William Perry, Jr., Erik Erikson, and Elisabeth Kubler-Ross in conjunction with literary tests. Encourages comparative and illustrative studies of literature and film. Suggests student participation in cognitive and moral decision making of…

  19. A Developmental Model Applied to Problems of Deafness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schlesinger, Hilde S.

    2000-01-01

    This "classic" article (1972) in the field of deaf studies includes some interpretive notes for current readers. The article examines the effect of deafness on basic developmental tasks at each of the eight developmental stages of Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development and explains the more successful passage through these…

  20. The Implications of Psychosocial Theory for Personal Growth in the Family.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newman, Philip R.; Newman, Barbara M.

    Psychosocial theory, based on the ideas of Erik Erikson and Robert Havighurst, is proposed as a useful framework for conceptualizing the potential for growth within the family. Erikson's (1950) eight stage theory of psychosocial development and Havighurst's (1959) concept of developmental tasks are used to take account of the stages of development…

  1. The Impact of Chronic Illness on Psychosocial Stages of Human Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lapham, E. Virginia, Ed.; Shevlin, Kathleen M., Ed.

    This book addresses critical issues regarding the impact of chronic illness and disability on human development. It was written for health care professionals who help chronically ill and disabled persons deal with the psychological and social as well as the biological aspects of their illness or disability. An expanded version of Erik Erikson's…

  2. A Paediatrician Looks at Traditional Approaches to Emotional Development in Preschool and Primary Years. Foundation for Child and Youth Studies Selected Papers Number 46.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Susi Erika

    This discussion of the emotional development of young children is structured upon Erik Erikson's schemata of psycho-social development. Stage 1, which involves trust versus mistrust, includes references to Erikson's theory and the work of Melanie Klein, Berry Brazelton, Stella Chess and Alexander Thomas, John Bowlby, Anthony Stevens, and D. W.…

  3. Religious Studies: The Shaping of a Field and a Guide to Reference Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lippy, Charles H.

    1992-01-01

    Discusses the development of religious studies as an academic discipline. Examines the work of leading thinkers in the field, including anthropologists Sir James Fraser and Edward Burnett Taylor, sociologist Max Weber, and psychologist Erik Erikson. Identifies some of the many reference works that deal with religious studies. (SG)

  4. Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development and Career Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munley, Patrick H.

    1977-01-01

    This article outlines some of the contributions of Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development in providing a developmental perspective on career behavior. A brief overview of Erikson's theory is presented and possible contributions of the theory towards enhancing understanding of career development are noted. (Author)

  5. Encounter with death: The thought of Robert Jay Lifton.

    PubMed

    Lageman, A G

    1987-12-01

    Robert Jay Lifton begins his work in the psychosocial framework that he takes over from Erik Erikson. Lifton's thought is based upon a central paradigm-"death and the continuity of life." Lifton makes important contributions with his five modes of symbolic immortality and with his investigation of the psychological themes in survivors. The origins and limits of Lifton's thought are critically examined.

  6. A Report on an Evaluation Study of the Group Dynamics Traffic Safety School, State of Wisconsin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyd, Robert D.; And Others

    The evaluation of the effectiveness of the classes for persons convicted of driving while intoxicated was based largely on analyses of verbal behaviors of participants and instructors, using the psychosocial theories of Erik Erikson. The established goals of the course emphasize that the information must be dealt with in a group situation where…

  7. Creativity and the Child's Social Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nabors, Martha L.; Edwards, Linda C.

    1994-01-01

    Presents three teacher-preschooler scenarios illustrating teacher actions that hinder creativity and social development. Discusses the connection between psychosocial and creative development in light of Erik Erikson's eight stages of psychosocial development. Suggests that teachers need to be flexible, consider children's feelings, foster…

  8. Sex Differences in the Play Behavior of Three Age Groups.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clance, Pauline Rose; And Others

    Erik Erikson concluded that differences in the play constructions of young children are largely determined by psychosexual differences in the subjects and not by cultural influence. He suggested that additional observation of younger and older subjects could determine whether the differences were true for all ages or whether they were restricted…

  9. Piaget, Kohlberg, and Erikson: Developmental Implications for Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, John P.

    1978-01-01

    Although differences exist between their developmental perspectives, the theories of Erik Erikson, with a psychoanalytic focus, and Piaget and Kohlberg, with a cognitive, structural view, are basically complementary, providing a powerful observation on human growth. Here their theories are used to reexamine the secondary curriculum and the…

  10. Violent Behaviors among African-American Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garrett, Darhyl

    1995-01-01

    Explores the development of behaviors by using Erik Erikson's psychosocial developmental theory, with emphasis on adolescents. Examines factors, such as identity versus identity diffusion, that may be contributing to increasing acts of violence by African American adolescents. Other factors are examined that may contribute to increased violence.…

  11. Family Myths, Beliefs, and Customs as a Research/Educational Tool to Explore Identity Formation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herman, William E.

    2008-01-01

    This paper outlines a qualitative research tool designed to explore personal identity formation as described by Erik Erikson and offers self-reflective and anonymous evaluative comments made by college students after completing this task. Subjects compiled a list of 200 myths, customs, fables, rituals, and beliefs from their family of origin and…

  12. Generativity-Stagnation: Development of a Status Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradley, Cheryl L.

    1997-01-01

    Reviews theoretical and empirical developments in Erik Erikson's construct of generativity-stagnation. Presents a five-category model describing styles of resolving the issue using combinations of level of involvement or active concern for the growth of self and others; and level of inclusivity or scope of caregiving concern. Discusses model in…

  13. The Relation of Re-Creation to a Theory of Ego Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colley, Louise Annie

    This study explores the relationship of ego-stage development (based on the theories of Erik Erikson and roughly defined as psychological maturity) to experiences which a group of adults identified as leading to re-creation for them. The author believes that re-creation -- defined as a feeling of heightened well-being or a sense of renewal and…

  14. Gifted Children and Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cross, Tracy L.

    2001-01-01

    After presenting an overview of Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development, the theory is applied to the development of gifted children. The psychosocial crisis experienced by children when they are infants, toddlers, preschoolers, elementary-aged, and during adolescence are examined, along with ways parents and teachers can help at each…

  15. Understanding Adulthood. A Review and Analysis of the Works of Three Leading Authorities on the Stages and Crises in Adult Development. California Personnel and Guidance Association Monograph Number 15.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerstein, Martin; Papen-Daniel, Michele

    Adult development theorists believe that the changes that occur during the adult years are predictable and age linked. Their theories explain how change is resolved by the majority of the adult population. Three persons whose research has been influential in the field of adult development during the 1970s are Erik Erikson, Daniel Levinson, and…

  16. Erikson's Psychosocial Theories Help Explain Early Adolescence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manning, M. Lee

    1988-01-01

    Middle school educators can design a learning environment for early adolescents based on Erik Erikson's social development theories, which divide human life into eight psychological stages. The identity versus role confusion stage characterizing adolescence will significantly determine the developing person's future. Schools can help learners…

  17. Beyond Erikson's Eight Stages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitney, Ruth

    1979-01-01

    Erik Erikson has described eight stages of the healthy personality. This essay offers a revised version of the eight stages. Although most individuals develop through the eight stages, each is personally unique because patterns of fluctuation between safety and growth differ from one individual to another. (Author)

  18. The Adolescent with a Learning Disability: A Developmental Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Louisa D.

    1979-01-01

    The psychosocial difficulties that usually accompany learning disabilities are examined from a framework of developmental theory, particularly that of Erik Erikson. The implications of this perspective for treatment of adolescents with learning problems is discussed, and the summer residential program at Goddard College described. (Author)

  19. Young Adulthood to Old Age: Looking at Intergenerational Possibilities from a Human Development Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ReVille, Shari

    1989-01-01

    The potential interface between human development theories and intergenerational programing is explored. Erik Erikson's division of adult development into young, middle, and later adulthood, and Butler and Lewis'"characteristics of older people," are considered. Older people can offer help and encouragement to youth while themselves…

  20. The Several Ages of Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Stephen

    1976-01-01

    Examines the various stages of human development (as outlined by Erik Erikson and others) with their psychological stresses of recurring crises of identity and expectation and explores some of the implications for education's best serving human needs. Focuses on early childhood, late adolescence, middle age, and old age. (JT)

  1. Learning: Meeting the Challenges of Older Adulthood.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolf, Mary Alice

    Erik Erikson's model (1963, 1982) is most useful to an understanding of development and aging. He describes lifelong growth as related to tasks that must be performed. At each stage of life, times of stability are followed by developmental crises. Upon resolving the crisis, the individual can enjoy the particular beauty and security of that…

  2. Themes of Charlotte Zolotow's Books and Her Adult Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Karen Lenz

    A study of Charlotte Zolotow's life and the themes of her children's books provides an illustration of the usefulness and problems in the application of theories of adult development, especially as they apply to women. This report of the study contains (1) discussions of Erik Erikson's and Daniel Levinson's theories of adult development; (2) a…

  3. Growing through Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Barbara J.

    "Growing through Literature" is a curriculum using Joan M. and Erik H. Erikson's theory of the Life Cycle as a structure for selecting and teaching literature to inner-city high school students at Brighton High School in Massachusetts. The program consists of four component parts: Journals, Selected Stories, Discussion, and…

  4. Developmental Perspectives on the Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenzweig, Linda W., Ed.

    This bulletin provides an overview of developmental theory and practice in relation to social studies instruction in K-12 curriculum. In the first of eight chapters developmental theories pertaining to teaching and learning social studies are presented. The theories of Erik Erikson, Jane Loevinger, Jean Piaget, Lawrence Kohlberg, and Robert Selman…

  5. Sex Differences in Spatial Play Behavior of Six-Year Olds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clance, Pauline Rose; Dawson, Flo B.

    Using play constructions as a projective technique of investigation, Erik Erikson (1951) concluded from his observation of preadolescents that, during this developmental period, play constructions are largely determined by psychosexual differences. Erikson suggested that only observation of subjects in a younger and older developmental period…

  6. Bouncing Back: Erikson, Maslow and Recovery from Divorce.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charnofsky, Stan

    Counseling for recovery from divorce may be significantly enhanced if a general model of emotional health/deficiency can be applied. This article introduces an amalgam of Erik Erikson's developmental stages and Abraham Maslow's motivational hierarchy as a means of understanding the rigors of marital dissolution. The paradigm promotes client…

  7. Affective Education: A Teacher's Manual to Promote Student Self-Actualization and Human Relations Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Thomas R.

    This teacher's manual presents affective education as a program to promote student self-actualization and human relations skills. Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Erik Erikson's life stages of psychosocial development form the conceptual base for this program. The goals and objectives of this manual are concerned with problem-solving…

  8. Hanging In and Dropping Out: Voices of At-Risk High School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farrell, Edwin

    The urban high school dropout phenomenon may result from the inability of at-risk students to integrate competing social identities, or "selves." Using Erik Erikson's theory of adolescent personality development as a framework, this study analyzes information gathered from interviews with 73 New York City high school students by peer…

  9. Danger and Opportunity: Institutional Identity Crises and Transformation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blumenfeld, Warren J.

    2006-01-01

    Using the theoretical lenses of Erik Erikson, Burton Clark, and Sonia Nieto, the author highlights the case of Colgate University--a private liberal arts university in central New York State--to consider larger issues of institutional identity by investigating points of crises bringing to the surface opposing forces, which struggle, on one hand,…

  10. An Empirical Test of Erikson's Theory of Ego Identity Formation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cote, James E.; Levine, Charles G.

    1989-01-01

    This study explores interrelationships among the following components of Erik Erikson's theory of ego identity formation: (1) the identity crisis; (2) the institutionalized moratoria; (3) the ego-superego struggle for dominance of the personality; and (4) the value orientation stages. Humanistically oriented adolescents are more likely to have a…

  11. The Adult Life Cycle: Exploration and Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baile, Susan

    Most of the frameworks that have been constructed to mark off the changes in the cycle of adulthood are characterized by a particular focus such as developmental ages, the role of age and timing, or ego development. The theory of Erik Erikson, based upon his clinical observations, represents these crucial turning points in human development: ages…

  12. David L. Gutmann (1925-2013).

    PubMed

    Rose, Jon; Huyck, Margaret; Grunes, Jerome

    2014-01-01

    David L. Gutmann, a pioneer in geropsychology and professor emeritus at Northwestern University, died on November 3, 2013, at the age of 88. A student of Bernice Neugarten, Bruno Bettelheim, and Erik Erikson, Gutmann discovered changes in adult psychological development related to parenting styles that held across diverse cultures.

  13. "They're Listening"; A Report on a Psychosocial Approach to Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyd, Robert D.; And Others

    This monograph reports on a project designed to help teachers use Erik Erikson's concept of ego psychology as a framework to help students with school-related difficulties. It was hypothesized that a full understanding of the growth patterns of students, their orientation to their social (school and family) environment, and the development of…

  14. Leadership: Where Does it Come From?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-04-01

    Contemporary Theory in International Relations (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentiss-Hall, 1964), p. 39. 5. Erik Erikson , Gandhi’s Truth (New York: W.W...Doubleday, 1978), p. 502. 23. Fisher and Ury, Getting to Yes, pp. 67-79. 24. Bennis and Nanus, Leaders, pp.40-43. 25. Erikson , Gandhi’s Truth, pp. 11-14

  15. The Assessment of Spirituality in Psychotherapy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olsen, David C.

    Dealing with religious issues in the counseling process is a difficulty many therapists encounter. This paper explores a way of understanding religious ideology using Erik Erikson's concept of religious ideology as an organizer of identity. It suggests that, if religion does function as an ideology, then it would be helpful for psychotherapists to…

  16. Films/Videos: Guidance for Children's Sound and Safe Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanford, Beverly Hardcastle

    1993-01-01

    Three videos for adults chronicle the life works of Erik Erikson and Jean Piaget, two giants in the child development field, and three videos for children candidly and sensitively address common problems experienced by children, such as being afraid to read aloud in class, dealing with bullies, and protecting themselves from attack by strangers.…

  17. Social Perspective Taking as a Component of Identity Formation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Enright, Robert D.; Deist, Steven H.

    1979-01-01

    This study builds on Erik Erikson's "Identity: Youth and Crisis," and describes in detail what social possibilities the adolescent usually considers when cognitively searching the environment, and describes how the understanding of the possibilities enhances or thwarts identity formation. (Author/KC)

  18. The Question of Work: Adolescent Literature and the Eriksonian Paradigm.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burgan, Mary

    1988-01-01

    Suggests that focusing on paradigms of work--the way it is described, together with the thematic implications it embodies--can be useful in teaching literature to young adults. Examines how examples from literature illustrate Erik H. Erikson's paradigm of the psychosocial stages of development in late childhood and adolescence. (MM)

  19. Identity Exploration: A "Crisis" Which May Go Unnoticed in Gifted Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kidwell, Jeannie; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Correlation of 82 academically gifted adolescents' personality scores with scores for identity exploration revealed that youth who were actively exploring (according to Erik Erikson's ego identity theory) exhibited the following psychological portrait: inner confusion, agitation, dissatisfaction, unhappiness, periodic spells of depression,…

  20. Religious Studies: The Shaping of a Field and a Guide to Reference Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lippy, Charles H.

    1992-01-01

    Discusses the development of religious studies as an academic discipline. Examines the work of leading thinkers in the field, including anthropologists Sir James Fraser and Edward Burnett Taylor, sociologist Max Weber, and psychologist Erik Erikson. Identifies some of the many reference works that deal with religious studies. (SG)

  1. Bouncing Back: Erikson, Maslow and Recovery from Divorce.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charnofsky, Stan

    Counseling for recovery from divorce may be significantly enhanced if a general model of emotional health/deficiency can be applied. This article introduces an amalgam of Erik Erikson's developmental stages and Abraham Maslow's motivational hierarchy as a means of understanding the rigors of marital dissolution. The paradigm promotes client…

  2. Affective Education: A Teacher's Manual to Promote Student Self-Actualization and Human Relations Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Thomas R.

    This teacher's manual presents affective education as a program to promote student self-actualization and human relations skills. Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Erik Erikson's life stages of psychosocial development form the conceptual base for this program. The goals and objectives of this manual are concerned with problem-solving…

  3. Now That's a Good Question! How to Promote Cognitive Rigor through Classroom Questioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Erik M.

    2016-01-01

    In this book, Erik M. Francis explores how one of the most fundamental instructional strategies--questioning--can provide the proper scaffolding to deepen student thinking, understanding, and application of knowledge. You'll learn: (1) Techniques for using questioning to extend and evaluate student learning experiences; (2) Eight different kinds…

  4. Joint Data Management for MOVINT Data-to-Decision Making

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-07-01

    Joint Data Management for MOVINT Data-to-Decision Making Erik P. Blasch Defence R&D Canada-Valcartier 2459 Pie -XI Blvd...Geographical Hard-Soft Information Fusion Systems,” Fusion10, 2010. [73] E. Blasch and S. Plano , “DFIG Level 5 (User Refinement) issues supporting

  5. Well Spoken: Teaching Speaking to All Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Erik

    2011-01-01

    All teachers at all grade levels in all subjects have speaking assignments for students, but many teachers believe they don't know how to teach speaking, and many even fear public speaking themselves. In his new book, "Well Spoken", veteran teacher and education consultant Erik Palmer shares the art of teaching speaking in any classroom. Teachers…

  6. "Play" across the Life Cycle: From Initiative to Integrity to Transcendence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    In this autobiographical journey through life-span developmental theory, the author reflects on her life as a player, embedding it in the context of Erik Erikson and Joan Erikson's stages of human development. The author builds on these basic ideas--theory, storytelling, play, and development--and defines them as simply as possible.

  7. Sex Differences in the Play Behavior of Three Age Groups.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clance, Pauline Rose; And Others

    Erik Erikson concluded that differences in the play constructions of young children are largely determined by psychosexual differences in the subjects and not by cultural influence. He suggested that additional observation of younger and older subjects could determine whether the differences were true for all ages or whether they were restricted…

  8. Deep Calling unto Deep: Pre-Oedipal Structures in Children's Texts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gooderham, David

    1994-01-01

    Provides an account of the deep structures of children's literature. Examines theorizing about these texts that deals with earliest affective experiences, including Julia Kristeva and Erik Erikson. Analyzes two texts from these perspectives: "Wind in the Willows" and "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory." (HB)

  9. Well Spoken: Teaching Speaking to All Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Erik

    2011-01-01

    All teachers at all grade levels in all subjects have speaking assignments for students, but many teachers believe they don't know how to teach speaking, and many even fear public speaking themselves. In his new book, "Well Spoken", veteran teacher and education consultant Erik Palmer shares the art of teaching speaking in any classroom. Teachers…

  10. The Application of a Generativity Model for Older Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ehlman, Katie; Ligon, Mary

    2012-01-01

    Generativity is a concept first introduced by Erik Erikson as a part of his psychosocial theory which outlines eight stages of development in the human life. Generativity versus stagnation is the main developmental concern of middle adulthood; however, generativity is also recognized as an important theme in the lives of older adults. Building on…

  11. Transfer of crown rust resistance from diploid oat Avena strigosa into hexaploid cultivated oat A. sativa

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    New sources of resistance to crown rust, Puccinia coronata f. sp. avenae (Eriks.), the major fungal disease of cultivated oat, Avena sativa L. (2n = 6x = 42), are constantly needed due to frequent, rapid shifts in the virulence pattern of the pathogen. Crown rust resistance identified in the diploid...

  12. "Play" across the Life Cycle: From Initiative to Integrity to Transcendence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    In this autobiographical journey through life-span developmental theory, the author reflects on her life as a player, embedding it in the context of Erik Erikson and Joan Erikson's stages of human development. The author builds on these basic ideas--theory, storytelling, play, and development--and defines them as simply as possible.

  13. Theories of Moral Development. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rich, John Martin; DeVitis, Joseph L.

    The introductory chapter clarifies key terms and lays the background for different theories of moral development. Chapter 2 surveys competing models from various schools of thought on the initial origins of morality in childhood. The works discussed include those of Freud, Jung and Piaget. Chapter 3 includes: Erik H. Erikson's sociocultural…

  14. Characterization of stem rust resistance in wheat cultivar 'Gage'

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Wheat (Triticum spp.) stem rust, caused by Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici Eriks. & E. Henn. (Pgt), re-emerged as a devastating disease of wheat because of virulent race Ug99 (TTKSK). Many bread wheat (T. aestivum L.) cultivars grown in North America are susceptible to Ug99 or its derivative races ...

  15. Registration of ‘Sprinter’ hard red winter wheat

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    High grain protein concentration and stripe rust (caused by Puccinia striiformis Westend. f. sp. tritici Eriks.) resistance are important traits for hard red winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars produced in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. The objective of this research wa...

  16. On the Origins and Persistence of the Jewish Identity Industry in Jewish Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krasner, Jonathan

    2016-01-01

    "Jewish identity," which emerged as an analytical term in the 1950s, appealed to a set of needs that American Jews felt in the postwar period, which accounted for its popularity. Identity was the quintessential conundrum for a community on the threshold of acceptance. The work of Kurt Lewin, Erik Erikson, Will Herberg, Marshall Sklare,…

  17. Genotyping-by-sequencing to re-map QTL for type II Fusarium head blight and leaf rust resistance in a wheat-tall wheatgrass introgression recombinant inbred population

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Fusarium graminaerum (Fusarium head blight; FHB) and Puccinia recondita Roberge ex Desmaz. f. sp. tritici Eriks. & E. Henn (leaf rust; LR) are two major fungal pathogens threatening the wheat crop; consequently identifying resistance genes from various sources is always of importance to wheat breede...

  18. Cognitive and Neural Sciences Division 1991 Programs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-08-01

    Eye Movements PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR. Erik DeCorte Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Laboratorium voor Experimentele Psychologie Leuven, Belgium (32)(16...theoretical aspects of eye movements with special emphasis on behavioral and psychological processes underlying human information processing...theories of the modular organization of higher visual processes and their contribution to cognitive processes involved in object recognition and reading

  19. Reframing Student Outcomes to Develop 21st Century Skills. Knowledge Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Erik

    2011-01-01

    In this brief, Erik Rice identifies three strategic practices schools, districts, and communities can use to help prepare students for college and career success: (1) To collectively articulate and align a set of student outcomes that prioritize 21st century skills; (2) Transform defined outcomes into functioning frameworks for curriculum and…

  20. HOME ENVIRONMENT AND CHILDHOOD ASTHMA IN A RURAL IOWA COUNTY

    EPA Science Inventory

    HOME ENVIRONMENT AND CHILDHOOD ASTHMA IN A RURAL IOWA COUNTY
    Erik R. Svendsen*?, Stephen J. Reynolds*?, James A. Merchant*, Allison L. Naleway*?, Ann M. Stromquist*, Peter S. Thorne*.
    *University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, IA ?Current: USEPA RTP, NC ?Curre...

  1. Development of COS-SNP and HRM markers for cost efficient and reliable haplotype-based detection of Lr14a in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.)

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Leaf rust (Puccinia triticina Eriks. & Henn.) is a major disease affecting durum wheat production. The Lr14a leaf rust resistant gene present in the durum wheat cv. Creso and its derivative Colosseo is one of the best characterized leaf rust resistance sources presently deployed in durum wheat breed...

  2. A new 2DS·2RL Robertsonian translocation transfers Sr59 resistance to stem rust into wheat

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Emerging new races of the wheat stem rust pathogen Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici Eriks. & E. Henn, especially the Ug99 race group threaten global wheat, Triticum aestivum L., production. Screening of a collection of wheat-rye, Secale cereale L., chromosome substitution lines developed at the Swed...

  3. Two small secreted proteins from Puccinia triticina induce reduction of ß-glucoronidase transient expression in wheat isolines containing Lr9, Lr24, and Lr26

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Little is known about the molecular interaction of wheat and leaf rust (Puccinia triticina Eriks). However, genomic tools are now becoming available so that the host-pathogen interaction can be understood. In this work, a cDNA library was made from haustoria isolated from P. triticina race PBJL inf...

  4. Exploring antibiotic use and practices in a Malaysian community.

    PubMed

    Fatokun, Omotayo

    2014-06-01

    In Malaysia, antibacterial agents are among the most utilized drugs. There has been an increase in their use in recent years, contributing to an increase of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). This study explores the pattern of antibiotic use and practices in a Malaysian community and identifies the variables associated with a likelihood of non-compliance with a course of antibiotic treatment. The study was conducted in Cheras, a community located to the south-east of Kuala Lumpur, the capital city of Malaysia. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 250 individuals, using an interviewer-administered questionnaire in Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Frequency of antibiotic use, sources of antibiotics, use of antibiotics without prescription, discontinuation of antibiotic treatment, antibiotic resistance awareness, handling of unused antibiotics, and association between respondents characteristics and compliance with a course of antibiotic treatment. Approximately 36 % of the participants (n = 91) had taken antibiotics in the year of the study. The majority (66.8 %) obtained antibiotics from clinics. Almost 80 % of the participants had never obtained antibiotics without a doctor's prescription. Nearly 55 % discontinued the course of antibiotics once symptoms disappeared. The most common method of disposing leftover antibiotics was throwing them into the household rubbish bin (78.8 %). Only 6.4 % of participants returned leftover antibiotics to the pharmacist or doctor. Univariate analysis revealed that male gender (p = 0.04), lack of knowledge of antibiotic functions (p < 0.0001), and lack of awareness of antibiotic resistance (p < 0.0001) were all significantly associated with a greater likelihood of non-compliance with a full course of prescribed antibiotic treatment. Most individuals in the Malaysian community obtained antibiotics through prescription. Non-completion of a course of antibiotic treatment and improper disposal of unused antibiotics need to be

  5. Influence of ripening stages on antioxidant properties of papaya fruit (Carica papaya L.)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Addai, Zuhair Radhi; Abdullah, Aminah; Mutalib, Sahilah Abd.

    2013-11-01

    Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Eksotika) is one of the most commonly consumed tropical fruits by humans, especially Malaysians. The objective of this study was to determine the phenolic compounds and antioxidants activity in different ripening stages of papaya fruit. The fruits were harvested at five different, stages RS1, RS2, RS3, RS4, and RS5 corresponding to 12, 14, 16, 18, and 20 weeks after anthesis, respectively. Papayas fruit at five different stage of ripening were obtained from farms at Pusat Flora Cheras, JabatanPertanian and Hulu Langat Semenyih, Selangor, Malaysia. The antioxidants activity were analyzed using the total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), ferric reducing antioxidant Power (FRAP) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). The analyses were conducted in triplicate and the data were subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS. The results showed significant differences (P< 0.05) were found at different stages of ripening. The total phenol content TPC, TFC, FRAP and DPPH values increased significantly (P<0.05) with the ripening process. The results showed the important role of the ripening stage in increasing the antioxidant content of papaya fruits.

  6. Variation of surface ozone exceedance around Klang Valley, Malaysia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahamad, Fatimah; Latif, Mohd Talib; Tang, Rosy; Juneng, Liew; Dominick, Doreena; Juahir, Hafizan

    2014-03-01

    The total hourly surface ozone (O3) exceedance from the 100 ppbv hourly O3 standard set by the Department of Environment Malaysia (DOE) was analysed, as elevated O3 concentrations pose health risks to humans and harms vegetation. Air quality data from 2008 to 2010 were obtained from a total of seven stations located around the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Cheras and Shah Alam monitoring stations consistently showed a high frequency of noncompliance to the DOE standards. Hierarchical Agglomerative Cluster Analysis (HACA) was performed on the daily maximum O3 concentration to analyse the spatial variability. Three distinct clusters were obtained from HACA runs on the daily maximum O3 and the results reflected O3 exceedance pattern among the stations. Analysis of the monthly average O3, nitrogen oxide (NO), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) concentrations indicated a strong localised influence on the O3 exceedance patterns. It can be concluded that the O3 exceedance pattern in the Klang Valley area is strongly influenced by local pollutant emission and dispersion characteristics.

  7. Susceptibility of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus to temephos in four study sites in Kuala Lumpur City Center and Selangor State, Malaysia.

    PubMed

    Chen, C D; Nazni, W A; Lee, H L; Sofian-Azirun, M

    2005-12-01

    Larvae obtained from Taman Samudera (Gombak, Selangor), Kampung Banjar (Gombak, Selangor), Taman Lembah Maju (Cheras, Kuala Lumpur) and Kampung Baru (City centre, Kuala Lumpur) were bioassayed with diagnostic dosage (0.012 mg/L) and operational dosage (1 mg/L) of temephos. All strains of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus showed percentage mortality in the range of 16.00 to 59.05 and 6.4 to 59.50 respectively, after 24 hours. LT50 values for the 6 strains of Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus were between 41.25 to 54.42 minutes and 52.67 to 141.76 minutes respectively, and the resistance ratio for both Aedes species were in the range of 0.68 to 1.82 when tested with operational dosage, 1 mg/L temephos. These results indicate that Aedes mosquitoes have developed some degree of resistance. However, complete mortality for all strains were achieved after 24 hours when tested against 1 mg/L temephos.

  8. Prevalence of gender disparities and predictors affecting the occurrence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI).

    PubMed

    Lee, Lai Kuan; Shahar, Suzana; Chin, Ai-Vyrn; Mohd Yusoff, Noor Aini; Rajab, Norfadilah; Aziz, Safiyyah Abdul

    2012-01-01

    The aims were to investigate the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) within gender disparities in Malaysian older adults, and to determine the predictors of MCI according to gender disparities. A community-based sample of urban, multiethnic dwelling elderly aged 60 years of age and above from Cheras, Kuala Lumpur was recruited. Prevalence of all-type MCI, amnestic-type MCI (am-MCI) and non-amnestic-type MCI (nam-MCI) was assessed using comprehensive neuropsychological batteries. The association between demography, socioeconomic status, lifestyle practices, and nutritional status and health risk factors with MCI were examined. Predictors of MCI occurrence between gender disparities were determined. The prevalence of all-type MCI, am-MCI and nam-MCI was 21.1%, 15.4% and 5.7%, respectively. Binary logistic regression indicated that hypercholesterolemia is the significant predictor for MCI in men after adjustment for age, ethnicity and total years of education. While, in women, MCI was best predicted by married status, without exercise practice, overweight and obesity. These results suggest that approximately one-fifth of the studied elderly people had MCI. Predictors for MCI are totally different between men and women. It is critical to identify those at higher risk for MCI in order to implement preventative measures to delay or reverse this abnormal condition.

  9. SOA Challenges for Real-Time and Disadvantaged Grids (Defis de la SOA pour les reseaux defavorises et en temps reel)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-04-01

    prévalent dans le travail avec les réseaux tactiques. Ce fait reste un obstacle majeur à l’interopérabilité entre les pays sur le théâtre des opérations...www.w3.org/TR/wsdl20/. [43] W3C. Web services description language (wsdl) 1.1 - W3C note 15 march 2001. Erik Christensen, Francisco Curbera, Greg

  10. Diabetes Care and Treatment Project: A Joslin Telemedicine Initiative

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-10-01

    JD, Katalinic P, Tolson AM, Aiello LP, Aiello LM, Joslin Vision Network Clinical Team. Use of Joslin Vision Network digital-video nonmydriatic retinal...Recommendations for Diabetic Retinopathy. Telemedicine Journal and e-Health. 2004; 10:469-482. 4. Cavallerano AA, Cavallerano JD, Katalinic P, Blake B...Chow, Lloyd M. Aiello, Jerry D. Cavallerano, Paula Katalinic , Kristen Hock, Ann Tolson, Rita Kirby, Sven-Erik Bursell, Lloyd Paul Aiello. Detecting

  11. Summary Diagrams for Coupled Hydrodynamic-Ecosystem Model Skill Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    Paul Martinolich provided assistance with SeaWiFS data processing and C. N. Barron and Clark Rowley provided assistance with the MODAS system. We...D.N.. Teague. W.J., Barron . C.N.. Carnes. M.R.. Lee. CM., 2002. The Modular Ocean Data Assimilation System (MODAS). Journal of Atmospheric and...Scardi, Michele . Antoine, David, Armstrong. Robert A., Asanuma, Inchio, Behrenfeld, Michael j.. Buitenhuis. Erik T„ Chai. Fei. Christian. James R

  12. Consolidated Environmental Resource Database Information Process (CERDIP)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-11-19

    Approved OMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the...Arlington, VA 22202-4302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188), Washington, DC 20503. 1. AGENCY USE...Building 211 Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-5527 Program Manager : Mr. Erik Hangeland, NDCEE Program Manager , 410-436-6986 10. SPONSORING/MONITORING

  13. An Archaeological Survey of the Galisteo Dam and Reservoir Area Santa Fe County, New Mexico.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-01-01

    1977 Holocene woodlands in the southwestern deserts. Science 198: 189-192. Wendorf, Fred and Erik K. Reed 1955 An alternative reconstruction of northern... Holocene age present). The alluvial terrace deposits are noteworthy because some of them contain cobbles of chert, quartz, quartzite, * petrified wood...depth whether the site is a dry cave site or in the open, etc. Reconstruction of foodways is an obvious approach to understanding the overall adaptive

  14. Evaluating the Limits of Network Topology Inference Via Virtualized Network Emulation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    router networks by leveraging and modifying existing emulation software . We then automate topological inference from one vantage point at a time for every... MATHEMATICS from the NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL June 2015 Author: Erik C. Rye Approved by: Robert Beverly Thesis Co-Advisor Ralucca Gera Thesis Co...Advisor Justin Rohrer Second Reader Peter Denning Chair, Department of Computer Science Craig Rasmussen Chair, Department of Applied Mathematics iii THIS

  15. Conjunctive Faith: A Critique and Analysis from an Evangelical Perspective

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-01

    and the structural-developmen- tal theories of Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg. Once the structure of Conjunctive Faith had been defined, then an...Influence of Erik Erikson . ....... 27 The Influence of Jean Piaget .. ........ 29 The Influence of Lawrence Kohlberg ...... .. 30 Contributions of the...34 3 5 Piaget’s work, which predated Kohlberg’s, provid- ed some important thoughts for faith development research. The Influence of Jean Piaget The

  16. No reason to talk about it: Families confront the nuclear taboo

    SciTech Connect

    Greenwald, D.S.; Zeitlin, S.

    1987-01-01

    Based on interviews with families from various ethnic and economic backgrounds, the authors look at the effect of the nuclear threat on family life, exploring such issues as how parents deal with their children's fears about the threat of nuclear war and the difficulty adolescents have committing themselves to the adult community in the nuclear age. Using Erik Erikson's stages of development as a framework, they move from early childhood to old age in their analysis of how families confront the nuclear issue.

  17. University of California Conference on Statistical Mechanics (4th) Held March 26-28, 1990

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-03-28

    Friskin, Physics Department, UC Santa Barbara Alejandro Garcia , Physics Department, San Jose State Jaime Garcia , Department of Chemistry, UCLA Claude...Waterloo, Ontario Enrique Peacock- Lopez , Department of Chemistry, Williams College Zhang Qing, Department of Chemistry, UC Berkeley Wouter-Jan Rappel, INLS...San Francisco Duane Siemens, Physics Department, UC Davis Ralph A. Smith, Physics Department, U C San Diego Erik Sorensenm, Physics Department, UC Santa

  18. Insurrection Act Restored: States Likely to Maintain Authority over National Guard in Domestic Emergencies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-22

    federal forces in accordance with tiered response doctrine, then perhaps 129 Erik Jonsson, “A...www.maloney.house.gov/index.php?Itemid=69&id=1030&option=com_content&t ask=view (accessed 20 September 2007). Case Law Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit...Authority, 469 U.S. 528 (1985). Printz v. United States, 521 U.S. 898 (1997). United States v. Lopez , 514 U.S. 549 (1995). Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co

  19. Two-Photon Polymerization of Defects in Photonic Crystals

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    Garcia -Santamaria, H. Miguez, M. Ibisate, F. Meseguer, C. Lopez , Langmuir 2002, 18, 1942. 7. P. Jiang, J. F. Bertone, K. S. Hwang, V. L. Colvin, Chem...Leonard, C. Lopez , F. Meseguer, H. Miguez, J. P. Mondia, G. A. Ozin, O. Toader, H. M. van Driel, Nature 2000, 405, 437. 17. F. Garcia -Santamaria...and Robert Shimmin. It has also been a pleasure working with Christy (Ying-Chieh) Chen, Vinayak Ramanan, Erik Nelson, Wendy Chan, and the rest of

  20. 2006 Combat Vehicles Conference

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-10-25

    and Agreements Supply Chain Management Logistics Solutions for the Warfighter Guam & Saipan Diego Garcia Mediterranean SS KOCAK MV PHILLIPS MV...BUTTON MV LOPEZ USNS STOCKHAM SS PLESS MV HAUGE MV LUMMUS MV ANDERSON MV BONNYMAN USNS MARTIN SS OBREGON MV BAUGH MV WILLIAMS MV BOBO USNS WHEAT MPS...importantly it delivers the most valuable weapon on the battlefield – a soldier. LTC Erik Kurilla CDR, 1-24 Infantry Stryker Vehicles are 312 pieces

  1. The Thaw:How Mexico and The United States Thawed Their Cold Peace And What Comes Next

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-04-01

    which was later to become a central preoccupation of Mexican political culture , was that “in Mexico there is not nor has there ever been able to be a...political culture , and weak political institutions bequeathed to Mexico by its colonial masters. Exacerbating Mexico’s political fragility were two...republicana, 1848-1876.” In Nueva Historia General de Mexico , edited by Erik Velasquez-Garcia, et al. 443-486. Mexico City, Mexico : Colegio de Mexico

  2. Use of Nucleic Acid-Based Tools for Monitoring Biostimulation and Bioaugmentation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    JANUARY 2011 Carmen Lebrόn NAVFAC ESC Erik Petrovskis Geosyntec Consultants Frank Löffler University of Tennessee Keith Henn Tetra Tech...ATTENUATION (MNA), BIOSTIMULATION AND BIOAUGMENTATION AT CHLORINATED SOLVENT SITES ESTCP Project ER0518 NAVFAC ESC By Carmen A. Lebrón (NAVFAC...R-08/148. Fletcher, K. E., C. Cruz- Garcia , N. S. Ramaswamy, J. Costanza, K. D. Pennell, and F. E. Löffler. 2010. Effects of elevated temperatures

  3. A Systematic Literature Review of the Use and Effectiveness of the Computer Assisted Rehabilitation Environment for Research and Rehabilitation as it Relates to the Wounded Warrior

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    Naval Health Research Center A Systematic Literature Review of the Use and Effectiveness of the Computer Assisted Rehabilitation Environment for...Research and Rehabilitation as it Relates to the Wounded Warrior John-David Collins Amanda Markham Kathrine Service Seth Reini Erik Wolf...of the Use and Effectiveness of the Computer Assisted Rehabilitation Environment for Research and Rehabilitation as it Relates to the Wounded

  4. Scarab/Bandit-D Multi-Vehicle Proximity Operations Using a University Nanosatellite

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-31

    the project, either through course work or volunteering in the summer: Rashied Amini, Erin Beck , Fiona Turett, Anne Schneider, Doug Beattie, Charles...Gronek, Brad Kukurza, BettyLynn Ulrich , Justin Char, Erik Karulf and Lane Haury. Publications M.A. Swartwout. The First One Hundred University-Class...Spacecraft 1981-2008, IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, 24(3), 2008. Interactions/Transitions The PI and five students ( Beck

  5. Neuroimaging of Brain Injuries and Disorders at Cleveland Clinic

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-01

    SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON a. REPORT U b. ABSTRACT U c...5 of 12 We established minimum performance criteria and minimum motion limits for fMRI, rs-fMRI and DTI as described in Lowe et al. (2008) for...Stephen Rao Mark Lowe Ken Sakaie Stephen Jones Michael Parsons Erik Beall Michael Phillips Jian Lin Christine Reece Alex Bura Juliet Schulz

  6. Military Applications of Augmented Reality

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    NOTES book chapter in Handbook of Augmented Reality, 2011. 14. ABSTRACT 15. SUBJECT TERMS 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF...real ob- jects by simply not rendering graphics where they are computed to be hidden from view; this is a standard property of the depth buffer in...Adam Lederer, Jason Jerald, Erik Tomlin, Eric Burns, Donald Char- ity, Joshua Eliason, Jesus Arango, and Scott Frees. In addition, the authors would like

  7. Stand Up and Be Counted: The Continuing Challenge of Building the Iraqi Security Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    Sherlock (published interview, Fort Leavenworth, KS: Combat Studies Institute, 16 Nov 2006), pp. 5-7. LTC Blaise Cornell-d’Echert (published...to as “internal” teams. “External” teams are sourced from personnel outside Iraq. 50 Richard Sherlock , Combat Studies Institute interview, pp. 4-6...Combat Studies Institute Press, 2006. Holmes , Erik. “One Tough Task – Airmen Move Between Hope, Frustration in Crucial Training Mission.” Air

  8. Reducing the Use of Force: De-Escalation Training for Police Officers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-01

    inappropriate or misapplied force happen with regularity. This thesis conducted a survey of the members of the International Association of Directors of Law...Thomas Housel Thesis Advisor Patrick Miller Co-Advisor Erik Dahl Associate Chair of Instruction Department of National Security...Allegations of inappropriate or misapplied force happen with regularity. This thesis conducted a survey of the members of the International Association of

  9. Framework for Efficient Algorithms in Planar Networks and Beyond

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-01

    computing . It is a well-studied problem: the study of its computational complexity was inaugurated in 1983 by Dahlhaus, Johnson, Papadimitriou , Seymour...described in the proposal, and published it in the premiere con- ference in theoretical computer science: Erik D. Demaine, MohammadTaghi Hajiaghayi, and...on Theory of Computing (STOC 2011), 2011, pages 441–450. http://erikdemaine.org/papers/ContractionMinorFree STOC2011/ High-level description of result

  10. Top-to-Bottom Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Lynn

    2007-01-01

    When Erik G. Brown launched his teaching career at the Cesar Chavez Academy in East Palo Alto, California, four years ago, he was not alone. Seventy-five percent of the teachers in the 400-student middle school were new to the district, and two-thirds of those were new to the field. The school had gone through six principals in six years, and its…

  11. Evaluating the C-17 Semi-Prepared Runway Capability - An Off-Road Map

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    RESEARCH PROJECT Erik W. Hansen, Major, USAF AFIT/ GMO /ENS/02E-06 DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE AIR UNIVERSITY AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF...excellent jumping off point for operations in the region and allowed for reasonable force protection costs . Unfortunately, it is unlikely given...climate based upon operational scenarios and the world-wide distribution of soil types and climates. This strategy would not be cost prohibitive and

  12. Building a Virtual Cultural Intelligence Community

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-01

    better argument for a virtual cultural intelligence capability. We would also like to thank Professors John Arquilla, Pete Gustaitis, Erik Jansen...the spear. As a case in point, when an interviewer recently asked SOCPAC8 Commander MG John Fridovich (U.S. Army) what assistance he would find useful...crop up 11 William E. Daugherty and Morris Janowitz, A Psychological Warfare Casebook (Baltimore, MD: The John Hopkins Press, 1958), 159. 12

  13. Taking the Battle Upstream: Towards a Benchmarking Role for NATO

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-09-01

    again in large and small Allies alike. This is where cooperative “benchmarking”—also of upstream defense planning processes—might play a uniquely...interact more with each other in cooperative ways than ever before; this direct contact is reinforcing the natural trend of defense organizations to...in Lisbon, Portugal. JALLC’s commander, Brigadier General Peter Sonneby, convened a mixed working group under the lead of Dr. Bent-Erik Bakken from

  14. New Abstractions for Mobile Connectivity and Resource Management

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-01

    just enjoying lunch, a beer, or some simple down time, it was a great pleasure and filled with memories . In particular, I want to recognize Erik...packets cause a server to allocate kernel memory buffers. Nothing in the ECCP protocol requires excessive memory or computation to process the initial...walks. Thus, to make meaningful comparisons across policies, we set up an emulation environment created from traces of our walks and replayed on our phone

  15. A Cost Effectiveness Analysis of Using Alternate Materials for Non-Skid in Shipboard Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-06-01

    Applications By: Kurt P. Boenisch, Hector A. Cervantes , Andrew J. Clark IV, Jesse G. Espe, and Erik B. Lohrke June...AUTHOR(S) LT Kurt P. Boenisch, United States Navy, LT Andrew J. Clark IV, United States Navy, LT Hector A. Cervantes , United States Navy, LT Jesse G...MATERIALS FOR NON-SKID IN SHIPBOARD APPLICATIONS Kurt P. Boenisch, Lieutenant, United States Navy Hector A. Cervantes , Lieutenant, United States

  16. Feasibility of Fuel Cell APUs for Automotive Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-12-07

    APU for Truck Application," by Massimo Venturi (Ballard), Erik Kallio (US Army RDECOM T ARDEC NAC), Scott Smith ( Freightliner ), J. Baker (University...turbocompoundirrg _:" 15 FL/Ballard Demo Program • Baseline vehicle • Freightliner Class 8 semi- truck • Fuel cell APU • Ballard PEM wi on-board methanol...SOFC APU wi REFORMER FREIGHTLINER TRACTOR WITH BALLARD PEM APU AND METHANOL REFORMER SUNLINE TRACTOR WITH HYDROGEN-FuELLED HYDROGENICS PEM APU AND

  17. Dirt Cheap 3D Spatial Audio

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-10-01

    Dirt Cheap 3D Spatial Audio Eric Klein1 Greg S. Schmidt12 Erik B. Tomlin1 Dennis G. Brown1 1Virtual Reality Laboratory, Naval Research Laboratory...ADDRESS(ES) Naval Research Laboratory,Virtual Reality Laboratory,4555 Overlook Ave. SW,Washington,DC,20375 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9...hardware with our 4-wall immersive virtual reality room at the Virtual Reality Laboratory, part of the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington D.C. We

  18. A Computational Model for the Stereoscopic Optics of a Head-Mounted Display

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-02-01

    through. 2 In 1989, Eric Howlett, the inventor of the LEEP optics, put together a commercial HMD, the LEEPvideo System I. It used monochrome LCD...measure them subjectively with users. 6. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We would like to thank many people for their contributions to this work. Eric Howlett, designer of...and various parts of the UNC HMD system were built by each of the team members: Ron Azuma, Bill Brown, Jim Chung, Drew Davidson, Erik Erikson , Rich

  19. Advanced Technology for Portable Personal Visualization.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-06-01

    Eric Snyder. "The Nanomanipulator: An Atomic-Scale Teleoperator." To appear, ACM SIGGRAPH󈨠 Course Notes, for the course "Implementation of...Robinett, Warren, Russell Taylor, Vernon Chi, William V. Wright, Frederick P. Brooks, Jr., R. Stanley Williams, Eric Snyder. "The Nanomanipulator: An...Carnival -This application features an amusement park including a train, a ferris wheel, a carousel, and an elevator. Credits: Erik Erikson . City and

  20. KSC-2013-3105

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2013-07-24

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Erik Nason, an athletic trainer with InoMedic Health/RehabWorks, instructs Kennedy Space Center workers during a foam rolling class. The class was part of the National Employee Health and Fitness Day event. Yoga, cardio dance, and boot camp classes were also offered throughout the day at the Operations and Checkout Building's Fitness Center. Photo credit: NASA/ Dimitri Gerondidakis

  1. KSC-2012-4901

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2012-09-06

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Erik Katenkamp, director of Information Technology for Publix Super Markets, speaks during Kennedy Space Center's Innovation Expo in the Operations Support Building II. The center-wide event gave researchers a chance to show some of their work to others at the center and gave employees the opportunity to see facilities they hadn't viewed before. Photo credit: Gianni Woods

  2. Characterization of Optical and Associated Properties of Marine Colored Dissolved Organic Material (CDOM)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-09-30

    Characterization of Optical and Associated Properties of Marine Colored Dissolved Organic Material (CDOM) Principal Investigator: Dr. Rod G. Zika Co...of the FFFF on the ship. A nitrogen purification system, that eliminates our dependence on and the cost of liquid nitrogen dewers as a N2 source, has...Catherine D., Erik R. Stabenau, Eliete Zanardi-Lamardo, Cynthia A. Moore, and Rod G. Zika (1999) “Photochemical Effects on the Structural Properties

  3. Engineered Laser Filaments in Air for Defense Stand-Off Sensing and Interaction Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-19

    Mark Ramme, Magali Durand , Matthieu Baudelet, Martin Richardson. Stand-off filament-induced ablation of gallium arsenide, Applied Physics Letters...07 2012): 0. doi: 10.1063/1.4734497 Magali Durand , Khan Lim, Vytautas Jukna, Erik McKee, Matthieu Baudelet, Aurélien Houard, Martin Richardson...Bernath and M. Richardson, “RF emissions from filament-matter interaction”, COFIL 2012, Tucson, AZ, USA, 2012. [4] M. Durand , A. Jarnac, S

  4. A Geographic and Functional Network Flow Analysis Tool

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-01

    like to thank Erik Johnson and his team for answering my programming questions. I greatly appreciated their willingness to help me. I also really... helpful to analyze networks for weaknesses; however, they traditionally have suffered from several limitations. First, functional models often lack the...design identified by Topology Zoo and the BRITE Topology generator (Byers et al. 2014; Bowden 2013). Both projects aim to accurately map the network

  5. Aging according to biography.

    PubMed

    Weiland, S

    1989-04-01

    Aging can no longer be considered an afterthought in biographies. How scholarly biographers treat their subjects is considered in the context of the work of Erik H. Erikson. Readers of biographies can discover in accounts of the subject's last years the same interest in developmental values typical of biographical attention to youth. Developmental theorists can observe in biography representations of the life cycle that add meaning to aging.

  6. The Life Cycle Completed. Extended Version with New Chapters on the Ninth Stage of Development by Joan M. Erikson.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erikson, Erik H.

    This expanded edition of a 1982 book by Erik Erikson summarizes his work on the stages of the human life cycle, including chapters on psychosexuality and the cycle of generations, major stages in psychosocial development, and ego and ethos. An additional chapter on the ninth stage sets forth his philosophy on old age--i.e. the 80s and 90s--and how…

  7. Human Needs: A Literature Review and Cognitive Life Span Model

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-04-01

    needs, they fail to address how needs change across the life span. Life span developmental psychologists (e.g., Erikson , Levinson) have proposed that...Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development Erik Erikson’s (1963) influential theory of development proposes that personality develops through a series of...the order that Erikson suggested. Several researchers (e.g., Rosenthal, Gurney, & Moore, 1981) have developed inventories that measure Erikson’s stages

  8. Multiple Kernel Learning for Vehicle Detection in Wide Area Motion Imagery

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-07-01

    temple.edu, erik.blasch@gmail.com, genshe.chen@ieee.org Abstract —Vehicle detection in wide area motion imagery (WAMI) is an important problem in computer...in Sinapore on 9-12 July 2012. Sponsored in part by Office of Naval Research and Office of Naval Research Global. 14. ABSTRACT Vehicle detection in...outperforms the other three classification schemes. 15. SUBJECT TERMS 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT Same as Report

  9. Strengthening Homeland Security through Improved Foreign Language Capability

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-01

    attending the Russian Basic Course. In only a couple of cases did interpreters study non- Romance or Germanic languages prior to joining the...HOMELAND SECURITY THROUGH IMPROVED FOREIGN LANGUAGE CAPABILITY by Sean C. Stevens December 2011 Thesis Advisor: Erik Dahl Second Reader...AND DATES COVERED Master‘s Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Strengthening Homeland Security through Improved Foreign Language Capability 5. FUNDING

  10. A Massively Parallel Tensor Contraction Framework for Coupled-Cluster Computations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-08-02

    Processing (IPDPS), 2013. [14] ERIK DEUMENS, VICTOR F. LOTRICH, AJITH PERERA, MARK J. PONTON, BEVERLY A. SANDERS, AND RODNEY J. BARTLETT, Software... TOLEDO , AND ALEXANDER TISKIN, Communication lower bounds for distributed-memory matrix multiplication, Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing...KUCHARSKI, AND RODNEY J. BARTLETT, A coupled cluster ap- proach with triple excitations, Journal of Chemical Physics, 81 (1984), p. 5906. [31] VICTOR

  11. Using Atmospheric (137)Cs Measurements and Hysplit to Confirm Chernobyl as a Source of (137)Cs in Europe

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-10-01

    USING ATMOSPHERIC 137CS MEASUREMENTS AND HYSPLIT TO CONFIRM CHERNOBYL AS A SOURCE OF 137CS IN EUROPE Erik L. Swanberg1 and Steven G. Hoffert2...Veridian Systems1, Autometric2 Sponsored by Defense Threat Reduction Agency Contract No. DTRA01-99-C-0031 ABSTRACT The Chernobyl ...this 137Cs is the ground contaminated by the Chernobyl accident. The PIDC routinely uses HYSPLIT (HYbrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated

  12. A Hedonic Approach to Estimating Software Cost Using Ordinary Least Squares Regression and Nominal Attribute Variables

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-03-01

    14 T. Capers Jones states that using functional points requires a certain amount of subjectivity that can lead to complications with the...Network, (June 2004). 29 July 2005 http://ssrn.com/abstract=569875 Foss, Tron, Erik Stensrud, Barbara Kitchenham, and Ingunn Myrtveit. “A...Company-Specific Data,” Information and Software Technology, 42:1009-1016 (2000). Jones, T. Capers . Estimating Software Costs. New York: McGraw-Hill

  13. Applying theory of planned behavior to predict exercise maintenance in sarcopenic elderly.

    PubMed

    Ahmad, Mohamad Hasnan; Shahar, Suzana; Teng, Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi; Manaf, Zahara Abdul; Sakian, Noor Ibrahim Mohd; Omar, Baharudin

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to determine the factors associated with exercise behavior based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) among the sarcopenic elderly people in Cheras, Kuala Lumpur. A total of 65 subjects with mean ages of 67.5±5.2 (men) and 66.1±5.1 (women) years participated in this study. Subjects were divided into two groups: 1) exercise group (n=34; 25 men, nine women); and 2) the control group (n=31; 22 men, nine women). Structural equation modeling, based on TPB components, was applied to determine specific factors that most contribute to and predict actual behavior toward exercise. Based on the TPB's model, attitude (β=0.60) and perceived behavioral control (β=0.24) were the major predictors of intention to exercise among men at the baseline. Among women, the subjective norm (β=0.82) was the major predictor of intention to perform the exercise at the baseline. After 12 weeks, attitude (men's, β=0.68; women's, β=0.24) and subjective norm (men's, β=0.12; women's, β=0.87) were the predictors of the intention to perform the exercise. "Feels healthier with exercise" was the specific factor to improve the intention to perform and to maintain exercise behavior in men (β=0.36) and women (β=0.49). "Not motivated to perform exercise" was the main barrier among men's intention to exercise. The intention to perform the exercise was able to predict actual behavior regarding exercise at the baseline and at 12 weeks of an intervention program. As a conclusion, TPB is a useful model to determine and to predict maintenance of exercise in the sarcopenic elderly.

  14. Applying theory of planned behavior to predict exercise maintenance in sarcopenic elderly

    PubMed Central

    Ahmad, Mohamad Hasnan; Shahar, Suzana; Teng, Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi; Manaf, Zahara Abdul; Sakian, Noor Ibrahim Mohd; Omar, Baharudin

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to determine the factors associated with exercise behavior based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) among the sarcopenic elderly people in Cheras, Kuala Lumpur. A total of 65 subjects with mean ages of 67.5±5.2 (men) and 66.1±5.1 (women) years participated in this study. Subjects were divided into two groups: 1) exercise group (n=34; 25 men, nine women); and 2) the control group (n=31; 22 men, nine women). Structural equation modeling, based on TPB components, was applied to determine specific factors that most contribute to and predict actual behavior toward exercise. Based on the TPB’s model, attitude (β=0.60) and perceived behavioral control (β=0.24) were the major predictors of intention to exercise among men at the baseline. Among women, the subjective norm (β=0.82) was the major predictor of intention to perform the exercise at the baseline. After 12 weeks, attitude (men’s, β=0.68; women’s, β=0.24) and subjective norm (men’s, β=0.12; women’s, β=0.87) were the predictors of the intention to perform the exercise. “Feels healthier with exercise” was the specific factor to improve the intention to perform and to maintain exercise behavior in men (β=0.36) and women (β=0.49). “Not motivated to perform exercise” was the main barrier among men’s intention to exercise. The intention to perform the exercise was able to predict actual behavior regarding exercise at the baseline and at 12 weeks of an intervention program. As a conclusion, TPB is a useful model to determine and to predict maintenance of exercise in the sarcopenic elderly. PMID:25258524

  15. Remote Correlation of Paleoceanographic Events in the Northern Parts of Bering and Barents Seas during the Termination I and Early Holocene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ivanova, E. V.; Ovsepyan, E.; Murdmaa, I.; de Vernal, A.; Risebrobakken, B.; Seitkalieva, E.; Radionova, E.; Alekhina, G.

    2014-12-01

    The Barents and Bering seas are closely linked to the High Arctic and to the THC by marine gateways as well as by land-sea and ocean-atmosphere interactions. Our multi-proxy time series demonstrate that these remote seas exhibited dramatic changes during the deglaciation through a succession of global and regional paleoceanographic events including the beginning of Termination I (BT1), Heinrich-1 or Oldest Dryas (OD), Bølling-Allerød (B/A), Younger Dryas (YD) and early Holocene (EH). In the NW Barents Sea, the increased subsurface-to-bottom Atlantic water inflow via the Kvitøya-Erik Eriksen trough (cores S 2519 and S 2528) is inferred at the late OD, late B/A and late YD/EH transition. These events are generally coupled with the strengthened AMOC. A remarkable sea surface warming and sea ice retreat are documented at ~ 13 ka BP. Surface warming and strong Atlantic water inflow were followed by intense iceberg calving in the Erik Eriksen Trough as indicated by the high IRD content of Core S-2519. The rock fragments are unsorted and mainly angular suggesting their ice-rafted (likely iceberg-rafted) origin. Svalbard glaciers apparently derived the material dominated by black schistous mudstones, hard limestones with coral remains, fine-grained sandstones from nearby islands, and icebergs spread it in the Kvitøya-Erik Eriksen Trough during the early deglaciation. The ice rafted coarse terrigenous material supply during the BT1 is also suggested for the NW Bering Sea. In the NW Pacific, NW Bering Sea and Sea of Okhotsk, surface bioproductivity peaked at B/A and EH mainly due to the global warming, enhanced nutrient supply by surface currents from the flooded northeastern shelf, intensified vertical mixing and water exchange through the opened straits. Oxygen-depleted bottom water at intermediate depths characterized several locations including the NW Bering Sea (Core SO201-2-85KL).

  16. Air Force Civil Engineer, Volume 9, Number 2, Summer 2001

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-01-01

    facilities for the new school constructed in El Porvenir, Guatemala. (Photo by SrA Shannon Collins) (Right) Amn Nathan Geldner and A1C Erik Field, 820th...effec- tive environmental management programs at their locations,� said Juan D. Lopez , acting chief of staff of the White House Task Force on...at a point where we can really offer what our customers need from us.� Col Sam Garcia , executive direc- tor and military commander, noted that AFCEE

  17. Spiritual journeys in aging: A buddhist view.

    PubMed

    Nakasone, R Y

    1994-09-01

    The spiritual journey of a Buddhist devotee is a continual exploration of the truth of interdependence which Siddhartha Gautama realized to become the Buddha, "the Enlightened One." On the morning of the enlightenment, the Buddha apprehended the truth that all things and all beings are interconnected and mutually dependent in time and space. One measure of the spiritual maturity of the Buddhist devotee is his or her appreciation for the profound responsibilities and gratitude we share for all things. To illustrate the significance of interdependence in our lives, the author turns to the wisdom contained inVital Involvement in Old Age by Erik and Joan Erikson and Helen Q. Kivnick.

  18. Impact of Physical Processes on Maritime Frontogenesis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-06-01

    34 - - . :• . .--" -. I: I : ": - 0’ ’ ".0." ", % .- 0 isace (in. 30 Figre .26 85 mbreltiv .otiit (x.0 s thu .18(T) . - .• ’ - . r. • : 136. I7 -F A...PubL., 17, 44 pp. Eliausen, A., 1990: Transverse circulations in frontal zones, Etratropical Cyclones: The Erik Palmen Memorial Volume, C. W. Newton and...and C. W. Newton , 1969: Atmospheric Circulation Systems, Academic Press, NY, 603 pp. Panofsly, H. A., 1963: Determination of stress front wind and

  19. Goldwater-Nichols -- Failing to Go the Distance

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-25

    the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army , Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government. U.S... Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, PA 17013-5050 Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the...S) Erik Hansen 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) U.S. Army War College

  20. jSquid: a Java applet for graphical on-line network exploration.

    PubMed

    Klammer, Martin; Roopra, Sanjit; Sonnhammer, Erik L L

    2008-06-15

    jSquid is a graph visualization tool for exploring graphs from protein-protein interaction or functional coupling networks. The tool was designed for the FunCoup web site, but can be used for any similar network exploring purpose. The program offers various visualization and graph manipulation techniques to increase the utility for the user. jSquid is available for direct usage and download at http://jSquid.sbc.su.se including source code under the GPLv3 license, and input examples. It requires Java version 5 or higher to run properly. erik.sonnhammer@sbc.su.se Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

  1. Issues of hope and faith in the cancer patient.

    PubMed

    Carni, E

    1988-12-01

    Akira Kurosawa's 1952 film about a man with a terminal gastric cancer introduces a discussion of hope and faith in the oncology patient. A psychodynamic relationship between hope and faith is explored, using Lawrence LeShan's research in cancer psychotherapy and Erik Erikson's lifespan developmental theory. LeShan describes a cancer personality characterized by hopeless despair, while Erikson formulates a psychogenetic framework for the development of hope and despair. Hope and faith are linked through the individual's earliest strivings toward basic trust in the world and his or her own self-efficacy. Accordingly, cancer psychotherapy may aim at restoring adult patients' faith in life and inner creative resources.

  2. The importance of play in adulthood. An interview with Joan M. Erikson. Interview by Daniel Benveniste.

    PubMed

    Erikson, J M

    1998-01-01

    Joan M. Erikson (1902-1997) was an artist, a writer, a mother, and the wife and collaborator of Erik H. Erikson (1902-1994), one of the most important and influential psychoanalysts in the world. The following is an edited dialogue on one of her favorite topics--The Importance of Play in Adulthood. It features her thoughts on the subject and reminiscences of the ways she played throughout her life. She muses on play in relation to humor, fun, the role of the fool, and more. The article was a project undertaken in the spirit of play and it will hopefully evoke further playful musings in the minds of readers.

  3. Sexual dysfunction within an adult developmental perspective.

    PubMed

    Fagan, P J; Meyer, J K; Schmidt, C W

    1986-01-01

    The focus of this paper is on the adult who has adequately mastered the oedipal stage of psychosexual development and who presents with a sexual dysfunction. Drawing on the developmental sequence of Erik Erikson, the authors suggest that failure to address adequately an adult psychosocial crisis may result in sexual dysfunction. There may be both adult developmental deficits and regression to adolescent and adult stages previously negotiated. Both may be symptomatically represented by sexual dysfunction. The authors urge that the sexual and marital problems be evaluated within an adult developmental framework and that the therapy address the psychosocial issues which are appropriate to the developmental stage of the patient.

  4. Called home: The creation of family life.

    PubMed

    Hutch, R A

    1992-09-01

    Engendering family life is a spiritual process (theosis) based on human ethological constants of gender difference and generational turnover. Recent studies on ethnicity suggest that such a process retrieves a primordial sense of the human species as a whole, "humankind." Families, especially in this broad sense, link together the living and the dead and, at their best, morally empower individuals who link their destinies to such a vision of creation and human health. Reference is made to work on human strengths and speciation by Erik Erikson and to that on maternal thinking by Sara Ruddick. A political program by which an ideology of "familism" can be made is offered.

  5. The subordinate's predicaments.

    PubMed

    Neilsen, E H; Gypen, J

    1979-01-01

    How can subordinates improve relations with their superiors? And how can superiors help their subordinates feel comfortable in what is often a tense relationship? These questions have usually been dealt with only indirectly in management circles. Yet the relationship is so threatening to many subordinates that they react in ways that are damaging to themselves and their ogranizations. Drawing heavily on the work of psychologist Erik Erikson, the authors present dilemmas that commonly confront the subordinate. They point out that being aware of these dilemmas can make them more manageable and then offer advice to superiors to aid subordinates in handling such situations.

  6. Psychoanalysis and the community mental health movement.

    PubMed

    Croghan, L M

    1975-01-01

    Psychoanalysis and CMHM were once enemies. Psychoanalysis has made noteworthy advances toward the CMHM idea both in technique changes and in community involvement. It is possible that CMHM may finally reject all psychoanalytic contribution and face its future without a theory. If that takes place, the CMHM some day in its future may turn a corner and find itself face to face with the lonely, individual man, conscious of his past and fearful of the unexplained anxiety within him. It is then that the CMHM will find itself once again studying the works of Herbert Marcuse, Erik Erikson, Sigmund Freud, and the psychoanalytic world.

  7. The Probable Progenitor of PSN J01364816+1545310 in M74

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dyk, S. D. Van; Petigura, E. A.; Cenko, S. B.; Zheng, W.; Marcy, G. W.; Howard, A. W.; Foley, R. J.; Tucker, B. E.; Kelly, P. L.; Filippenko, A. V.

    2013-07-01

    Schuyler D. Van Dyk (IPAC/Caltech), Erik A. Petigura (UC Berkeley), S. Bradley Cenko (NASA/GSFC), WeiKang Zheng, Geoffrey W. Marcy (UC Berkeley), Andrew W. Howard (U. Hawaii/IfA), Ryan J. Foley (Harvard/Smithsonian CfA), Brad E. Tucker (ANU/UC Berkeley), Patrick L. Kelly, and Alexei V. Filippenko (UC Berkeley) report the identification of the probable progenitor of PSN J01364816+1545310 in archival Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Advanced Camera for Surveys/Wide Field Channel (WFC) images in bands F435W, F555W, and F814W from 2003 November and 2005 June.

  8. Career Anchors: Understanding Differences Among Demographic Groups at the Naval Postgraduate School

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-12-01

    fulfilling my sense of social responsibility “ loads at 0.52. The first item tries to capture ideology through “an important cause.” This is a much more...specific requirement than the picture of ideology in the other item – a “sense of social responsibility .” It appears that one item is capturing the...4.55 1.03 0.36 (2) I prefer a job where I feel I am fulfilling my sense of social responsibility . 4.63 1.11 Erik Jansen & Gaylen Chandler, 1991

  9. Covariant version of Verlinde's emergent gravity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hossenfelder, Sabine

    2017-06-01

    A generally covariant version of Erik Verlinde's emergent gravity model is proposed. The Lagrangian constructed here allows an improved interpretation of the underlying mechanism. It suggests that de Sitter space is filled with a vector field that couples to baryonic matter and, by dragging on it, creates an effect similar to dark matter. We solve the covariant equation of motion in the background of a Schwarzschild space-time and obtain correction terms to the noncovariant expression. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the vector field can also mimic dark energy.

  10. Induced Superconductivity in Nanowires and Nanotubes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kouwenhoven, Leo

    2007-03-01

    We study experimentally electron transport in 1 dimensional semiconductor nanowires (consisting of InAs and InP combinations) and carbon nanotubes. The wires are connected to superconducting source-drain contacts with gate electrodes in the substrate or on the surface. In the regime of weak coupling to the contacts we observe Coulomb blockade effects. We present level spectroscopy including a determination of the spin states. In the regime of strong coupling to the contacts interference effects are observed. In this regime and using superconducting contacts, we find supercurrents flowing through InAs-nanowires over micrometer length scales. The critical current is tunable by gate voltage, thus realizing so-called JOFETs (Josephson FETs) [1]. When we define quantum dots in between superconducting contacts the direction of the supercurrent is determined by the single electron spin state in the quantum dot [2,3]. 1. Yong-Joo Doh, Jorden A. van Dam, Aarnoud L. Roest, Erik P. A. M. Bakkers, Leo P. Kouwenhoven, and Silvano De Franceschi, Tunable supercurrent through semiconductor nanowires, Science 309, 272-275 (2005) 2. P. Jarillo-Herrero, J.A. van Dam and L.P. Kouwenhoven, Quantum supercurrent transistors in carbon nanotubes, Nature 439, 953-956 (2006) 3. Jorden A. Van Dam, Yuli V. Nazarov, Erik P.A.M. Bakkers, Silvano De Franceschi and Leo P. Kouwenhoven, Supercurrent reversal in quantum dots, Nature 442, 667-670 (2006)

  11. Depression, anxiety and quality of life in stroke survivors and their family caregivers: A pilot study using an actor/partner interdependence model

    PubMed Central

    Wan-Fei, Khaw; Hassan, Syed Tajuddin Syed; Sann, Lye Munn; Ismail, Siti Irma Fadhilah; Raman, Rosna Abdul; Ibrahim, Faisal

    2017-01-01

    Background Depression and anxiety are common in stroke survivors as well as their family caregivers. However, it is not known whether each person’s emotional distress contributes to their partner’s quality of life (QOL). Objective This study aimed to examine the effect of depression and anxiety on QOL in stroke survivor-caregiver dyads using dyadic analysis technique - the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM). Methods This was a cross-sectional pilot study with a total of 30 participating dyads (30 stroke survivors and 30 family caregivers) from Hospital Rehabilitasi Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. This pilot study was conducted over a period of 3 months, between December 2014 and February 2015. Depression and anxiety were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). QOL was assessed using the Short Form-12 Health Survey (SF-12). All analyses were carried out using IBM SPSS version 22. Dyadic data were analysed using multilevel modelling (MLM). Results Depression was uniquely associated with an individual’s own QOL. Survivors and caregivers with higher depression had poorer physical component summary (PCS) scores and mental component summary (MCS) scores. Stroke survivor’s depression exerted a significant actor effect on their PCS (b=−1.42, p=0.001) and MCS (b=−1.52, p<0.001). Caregiver’s depression exerted a significant actor effect on their PCS (b=−2.53, p<0.001) and MCS (b=−1.51, p=0.004). Caregivers’ anxiety negatively influenced their own MCS (b=−0.58, p=0.031). Furthermore, depression exerted a significant partner effect on PCS in stroke survivors (b=−1.19, p=0.003). Caregivers’ depression was also related to their stroke survivors’ poorer QOL, particularly PCS. Conclusion The findings suggest that depression affects the QOL of both stroke survivors and caregivers, not only emotionally but also physically. This dyadic study also has evidence pointing to depression in caregivers and its association with

  12. Timing and development of Late Quaternary fluvial terraces of the lower course of Kızılırmak River (Northern Turkey)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berndt, Christopher; Yıldırım, Cengiz; Çiner, Attila; Ertunç, Gülgün; Akif Sarıkaya, M.; Özcan, Orkan; Güneç Kıyak, Nafiye; Öztürk, Tuǧba

    2017-04-01

    The Kızılırmak River (1355 km) is the longest river of Anatolia. It traverses the Central Pontides and forms deep bedrock gorges, fluvial and deltaic terraces along its lower stream and a large delta into the Black Sea. The Central Pontides is an actively deforming and uplifting mountain range located at the northern margin of the Central Anatolian Plateau (CAP). The presence of strath terraces and uplifted paleo-delta levels along the lower course of the river indicates a response of Kızılırmak to active uplift of the Central Pontides and sea-level fluctuations of the Black Sea. To understand the Quaternary tectonic, climatic and sea level impacts on the lower stream and delta of the Kızılırmak River, we carried out geologic and geomorphic mapping of several fluvial and deltaic terraces in order to date 5 levels by optically stimulated luminescence dating (OSL) method. Our results indicate accelerated regional uplift since Middle Pleistocene in the eastern part of the Central Pontides with uplift rates varying between about 0.07 and 0.3 m/ka. The delta terraces at 103 and 123 m above mean river level on the western side of Kızılırmak River uplifted presumably faster than the terraces at 58 and 87 m above mean river level on the eastern side by 0.2-0.3 m/ka. Since MIS 9 the western and eastern delta platforms uplift coherently with 0.2 m/ka or less. The southern part of the delta is delimited by Alaçam Segment of the Erikli Fault. The area south of the Alaçam segment of the Erikli Fault is uplifting faster than the region to the north of it (0.07 m/ka) since Middle Pleistocene. This indicates a tectonic interaction between the positive flower structure of the North Anatolian Fault Zone and an active rifting of the Sinop Graben over the Erikli Fault system.

  13. Acta Ophthalmologica: History 1970-88.

    PubMed

    Norn, Mogens

    2014-08-01

    This is my personal memories concerning the Nordic periodical Acta Ophthalmologica in the period 1970-88. Poul Braendstrup was scientific secretary for Acta 1950-70 and chief editor 1970-75. His many important scientific works and enormous work for Acta is described, but also personal topics are mentioned. Acta meetings in the Danish Ophthalmol Society (DOS) and in the Nordic ophtalmol. Congresses are discussed. A referee-system is established from 1976, but with political contra scientific motives. Only a few papers arrived to Acta. A catastrophe in 1978 is mentioned. The new secretary Ingelise Truberg did an enormous work for the next ten years. Erik Jørgensen (1928-90) was our printer, and from 1975 our idealistic publisher after Munksgaard. The economy became better and the number of papers of high quality increased. The relationship to the new Nordic periodical Oftalmolog was discussed in 1982. © 2014 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  14. Connecting Life Span Development with the Sociology of the Life Course: A New Direction.

    PubMed

    Gilleard, Chris; Higgs, Paul

    2016-04-01

    The life course has become a topic of growing interest within the social sciences. Attempts to link this sub-discipline with life span developmental psychology have been called for but with little sign of success. In this paper, we seek to address three interlinked issues concerning the potential for a more productive interchange between life course sociology and life span psychology. The first is to try to account for the failure of these two sub-disciplines to achieve any deepening engagement with each other, despite the long-expressed desirability of that goal; the second is to draw attention to the scope for enriching the sociology of the life course through Erik Erikson's model of life span development; and the last is the potential for linking Eriksonian theory with current debates within mainstream sociology about the processes involved in 'individualisation' and 'self-reflexivity' as an alternative entry point to bring together these two fields of work.

  15. Outage management and health physics issue, 2006

    SciTech Connect

    Agnihotri, Newal

    2006-05-15

    The focus of the May-June issue is on outage management and health physics. Major articles/reports in this issue include: A design with experience for the U.S., by Michael J. Wallace, Constellation Generation Group; Hope to be among the first, by Randy Hutchinson, Entergy Nuclear; Plans to file COLs in 2008, by Garry Miller, Progress Energy; Evolution of ICRP's recommendations, by Lars-Erik Holm, ICRP; European network on education and training in radiological protection, by Michele Coeck, SCK-CEN, Belgium; Outage managment: an important tool for improving nuclear power plant performance, by Thomas Mazour and Jiri Mandula, IAEA, Austria; and Plant profile: Exploring new paths to excellence, by Anne Thomas, Exelon Nuclear.

  16. The Mortal Stage of late life.

    PubMed

    Forrest, David V; Côté, Lucien J

    2002-01-01

    A Mortal Stage of later life may be considered as a subdivision of Erik Erikson's eighth stage of life which he called Mature Age, characterized by issues of integrity versus disgust, despair. Mortality poses the optimal task of Realization (in many positive coping and existential senses) versus Denial (or other non-recognition or emotional paralysis) or Fear (or apprehension or even terror). Premorbid awareness of illness may contribute to or challenge Realization. Literary examples also suggest a reviewing of one's life and works, possible regressions from genitality to anal preoccupations, little social withdrawal, and a compassionate interest in the next generation. In dying the self is not given up, but rather the alternate universe of further interpersonal relations had one lived on.

  17. From Cicero to Cohen: developmental theories of aging, from antiquity to the present.

    PubMed

    Agronin, Marc E

    2014-02-01

    Cicero's famous essay "On Old Age," written in ancient Rome, was one of the first detailed depictions of the challenges and opportunities posed by the aging process. Several modern developmental theories of the life cycle have echoed many of the themes of Cicero, including the existence of unfolding life stages with specific tasks and transitions. Freud's psychoanalytic theory of infantile sexuality provided a limited starting point, as well as a theoretical base for Erik Erikson's proposed eight stages of the life cycle. Unlike Freud, however, Erikson and others including Daniel Levinson, George Vaillant, and Carol Gilligan elaborated on forces in adult development that were distinct from early life experiences. Gene Cohen's theory of human potential phases took middle age as a starting point and proposed an extensive structure for late-life development based on emergent strengths including wisdom and creativity.

  18. Recent history of European psychiatry--ideas, developments, and personalities: the annual Eliot Slater Lecture.

    PubMed

    Strömgren, E

    1994-12-15

    Erik Strömgren had planned to revise and expand his Slater lecture to a more systematic and comprehensive paper for publication. Shortly before his death, he asked for the editorial opinion of one of us (IIG), but unfortunately he did not get the opportunity to complete his lecture manuscript. We find, however, that although kaleidoscopic and impressionistic, the manuscript, as it is, contains historic and autobiographical information of high value, which deserves a posthumous publication, for availability to a broader audience. His wife, Dr. Lizzie Sand Strömgren, has kindly released the manuscript, which here appears essentially as delivered at the Slater lecture in 1986, except for a few minor textual adaptions and the addition of a list of references (by A.B.).

  19. Applying Erikson’s Wisdom to Self-Management Practices of Older Adults: Findings from Two Field Studies

    PubMed Central

    Perry, Tam E.; Hassevoort, Luke; Ruggiano, Nicole; Shtompel, Natalia

    2014-01-01

    According to Erik Erikson’s theory on the stages of human development, achieving wisdom later in life involves revisiting previous crises and renewing psychosocial accomplishments. However, few studies have used Erikson’s theory as a framework for examining how older adults self-manage physical and mental health changes that commonly occur later in life. This paper presents findings from two qualitative studies that demonstrate how older adults apply wisdom in new domains. Specifically, it was found that older adults (1) reasserted autonomy by initiating creative problem solving; and 2) applied skills gained from productive activities earlier in life to new health-related problems that arise later in life. These findings highlight the importance of engaging older adults to repurpose their life skills, and thus reapply wisdom to new areas of their lives. Implications for practice are discussed. PMID:25651571

  20. Applying Erikson's wisdom to self-management practices of older adults: findings from two field studies.

    PubMed

    Perry, Tam E; Ruggiano, Nicole; Shtompel, Natalia; Hassevoort, Luke

    2015-04-01

    According to Erik Erikson's theory on the stages of human development, achieving wisdom later in life involves revisiting previous crises and renewing psychosocial accomplishments. However, few studies have used Erikson's theory as a framework for examining how older adults self-manage physical and mental health changes that commonly occur later in life. This article presents findings from two qualitative studies that demonstrate how older adults apply wisdom in new domains. Specifically, it was found that older adults (1) reasserted autonomy by initiating creative problem solving and (2) applied skills gained from productive activities earlier in life to new health-related problems that arise later in life. These findings highlight the importance of engaging older adults to repurpose their life skills and thus reapply wisdom to new areas of their lives. Implications for practice are discussed. © The Author(s) 2014.

  1. The dating mind: evolutionary psychology and the emerging science of human courtship.

    PubMed

    Oesch, Nathan; Miklousic, Igor

    2012-12-20

    In the New York Times bestselling book The Game: Penetrating the Secret Society of Pickup Artists (2006), the world was granted its first exclusive introduction to the steadily growing dating coach and pick-up artist community. Many of its most prominent authorities claim to use insights and information gleaned both through first-hand experience as well as empirical research in evolutionary psychology. One of the industry's most well-respected authorities, the illusionist Erik von Markovik, promotes a three-phase model of human courtship: Attraction, building mutual Comfort and Trust, and Seduction. The following review argues that many of these claims are in fact grounded in solid empirical findings from social, physiological and evolutionary psychology. Two texts which represent much of this literature are critiqued and their implications discussed.

  2. KSC-04pd1810

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2004-09-17

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - In the Orbiter Processing Facility, from left, United Space Alliance workers Loyd Turner, Craig Meyer and Erik Visser prepare to conduct a fit check of an External Tank (ET) digital still camera in the right-hand liquid oxygen umbilical well on Space Shuttle Atlantis. NASA is pursuing use of the camera, beginning with the Shuttle’s Return To Flight, to obtain and downlink high-resolution images of the ET following separation of the ET from the orbiter after launch. The Kodak camera will record 24 images, at one frame per 1.5 seconds, on a flash memory card. After orbital insertion, the crew will transfer the images from the memory card to a laptop computer. The files will then be downloaded through the Ku-band system to the Mission Control Center in Houston for analysis.

  3. KSC-04pd1811

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2004-09-17

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - In the Orbiter Processing Facility, from left, United Space Alliance workers Loyd Turner, Craig Meyer and Erik Visser conduct a fit check of an External Tank (ET) digital still camera in the right-hand liquid oxygen umbilical well on Space Shuttle Atlantis. NASA is pursuing use of the camera, beginning with the Shuttle’s Return To Flight, to obtain and downlink high-resolution images of the ET following separation of the ET from the orbiter after launch. The Kodak camera will record 24 images, at one frame per 1.5 seconds, on a flash memory card. After orbital insertion, the crew will transfer the images from the memory card to a laptop computer. The files will then be downloaded through the Ku-band system to the Mission Control Center in Houston for analysis.

  4. Emergence in holographic scenarios for gravity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dieks, Dennis; van Dongen, Jeroen; de Haro, Sebastian

    2015-11-01

    'Holographic' relations between theories have become an important theme in quantum gravity research. These relations entail that a theory without gravity is equivalent to a gravitational theory with an extra spatial dimension. The idea of holography was first proposed in 1993 by Gerard 't Hooft on the basis of his studies of evaporating black holes. Soon afterwards the holographic 'AdS/CFT' duality was introduced, which since has been intensively studied in the string theory community and beyond. Recently, Erik Verlinde has proposed that even Newton's law of gravitation can be related holographically to the 'thermodynamics of information' on screens. We discuss these scenarios, with special attention to the status of the holographic relation in them and to the question of whether they make gravity and spacetime emergent. We conclude that only Verlinde's scheme straightforwardly instantiates emergence. However, assuming a non-standard interpretation of AdS/CFT may create room for the emergence of spacetime and gravity there as well.

  5. [The first to go--physicians who experimented on themselves].

    PubMed

    Rugstad, Hans Erik

    2005-09-08

    Since ancient times, there have been rules for experiments on humans. Some have claimed that if one thinks an experiment might involve danger, it should first be tried out on oneself. There are, in fact, numerous examples of doctors who have undergone daring experiments on themselves. Among them are Max von Pettenkofer, who drank cholera bacteria, Werner Forssmann who catheterized his own heart, John Paul Stapp, who sat in a rocket sled at almost the speed of sound, and then made an abrupt stop. Doctors from Walter Reed's research team infected themselves with yellow fever, Erik Jacobsen demonstrated the effect of antabuse and alcohol on himself, Barry J. Marshall drank helicobacter pylori bacteria, Klaus Hansen drank heavy water, and Ole Jakob Malm transplanted foreign tissue onto his own skin in order to discern among different tissue types. This article describes these various experiments, why they were done, and their consequences. The perspective of ethics in such experimental research is briefly discussed.

  6. COMMITTEES: Proceedings of the 13th Gravitational Waves Data Analysis Workshop (GWDAW13), San Juan, Puerto Rico, 19-22 January 2009 Proceedings of the 13th Gravitational Waves Data Analysis Workshop (GWDAW13), San Juan, Puerto Rico, 19-22 January 2009

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2009-10-01

    Science Organising Committee (SOC) Bruce Allen, AEI, Germany Patrick Brady, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, USA Deepto Chakrabarty, MIT, USA Eugenio Coccia, INFN, Gran Sasso, Italy James Cordes, Cornell University, USA Mario Díaz (Chair), University of Texas Brownsville, USA Sam Finn, Penn State, USA Neil Gehrels, NASA GSFC, USA Fredrick A Jenet, University of Texas Brownsville, USA Nobuyuki Kanda, Osaka City University, Japan Erik Katsavounides, MIT, USA Dick Manchester, ATNF, Australia Soumya Mohanty, University of Texas Brownsville, USA Benoit Mours, LAPP-Annecy, France Maria Alessandra Papa, AEI, Germany Kate Scholberg, Duke University, USA Susan Scott, The Australian National University Alberto Vecchio, University of Birmingham, UK Andrea Vicere, INFN - Sezione di Firenze, Italy Stan Whitcomb, LIGO CALTECH, USA Local Organising Committee (LOC) Paulo Freire (Arecibo Observatory, Puerto Rico) Murray Lewis (Arecibo Observatory, Puerto Rico) Wanda Wiley (University of Texas Brownsville, USA)

  7. On the origins of psychoanalytic psychohistory.

    PubMed

    Pietikainen, Petteri; Ihanus, Juhani

    2003-05-01

    This article examines the origins and early development of psychoanalytically inspired psychohistory from the late 1950s to the early 1970s. It focuses on Erik H. Erikson, Bruce Mazlish, and Robert Jay Lifton and illustrates their contributions to psychoanalytic psychohistory. Erikson, Mazlish, and Lifton were core members of the Wellfleet group, a research project originally funded by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1965 to conceptualize the foundation of psychohistory. The article gives an account of the early history of the Wellfleet group and argues for specific historical reasons to explain why psychoanalytic psychohistory emerged on the East Coast of the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s. A critique of the Wellfleet group in unpublished correspondence of Erich Fromm and David Riesman is also discussed.

  8. Third Åland islands conference on von Willebrand disease, 26–28 September 2012: meeting report

    PubMed Central

    BERNTORP, E.; FUCHS, B.; MAKRIS, M.; MONTGOMERY, R.; FLOOD, V.; O’DONNELL, J. S.; FEDERICI, A. B.; LILLICRAP, D.; JAMES, P.; BUDDE, U.; MORFINI, M.; PETRINI, P.; AUSTIN, S.; KANNICHT, C.; JIMÉNEZ-YUSTE, V.; LEE, C.

    2014-01-01

    Summary The first meeting of international specialists in the field of von Willebrand disease (VWD) was held in the Åland islands in 1998 where Erik von Willebrand had first observed a bleeding disorder in some members of a family from Föglö and a summary of the meeting was published in 1999. The second meeting was held in 2010 and a report of the meeting was published in 2012. Topics covered included progress in understanding of VWD over the last 50 years; multimers; classification of VWD; pharmacokinetics and laboratory assays; genetics; treating the paediatric patient; prophylaxis; geriatrics; gene therapy and treatment guidelines. This third meeting held over 3 days covered the structure and function of von Willebrand factor (VWF); type 1 VWD, the most common form of the disease; a lifespan of pharmacokinetics in VWD; detecting inhibitors in VWD patients; and special challenges in understanding and treating the female VWD patient. PMID:23383607

  9. The application of a generativity model for older adults.

    PubMed

    Ehlman, Katie; Ligon, Mary

    2012-01-01

    Generativity is a concept first introduced by Erik Erikson as a part of his psychosocial theory which outlines eight stages of development in the human life. Generativity versus stagnation is the main developmental concern of middle adulthood; however, generativity is also recognized as an important theme in the lives of older adults. Building on the work of Erikson, McAdams and de St. Aubin (1992) developed a model explaining the generative process. The aims of this article are: (a) to explore the relationship between generativity and older adults as it appears in research literature; and (b) to examine McAdam's model and use it to explain the role of generativity in older adults who share life stories with gerontology students through an oral history project.

  10. Psychosocial adjustment of adolescent siblings of hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients.

    PubMed

    Packman, Wendy; Gong, Kimberly; VanZutphen, Kelly; Shaffer, Tani; Crittenden, Mary

    2004-01-01

    Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a widely practiced therapy for many life-threatening childhood disorders. The authors investigated the psychosocial effects of HSCT on siblings of pediatric HSCT patients (n = 44; 21 donors, 23 nondonors, ages 6 to 18 years). Donor siblings reported significantly more anxiety and lower self-esteem than did nondonors. Nondonors showed significantly more school problems. Approximately one third of all siblings reported moderate to severe posttraumatic stress. The study drew on the developmental theory of Erik Erikson and the psychosocial model of posttraumatic stress. As part of the study, the authors used the Measures of Psychosocial Development (MPD), a self-report measure based on Eriksonian constructs. The MPD was used to assess the psychosocial adjustment of 12 siblings who were adolescents (> or =13 years) at the time the study was conducted. In this article, findings are presented from the MPD as well as salient findings from the larger study.

  11. A second career in academic medicine.

    PubMed

    Saunders, D E

    1984-03-01

    Career changes in all vocations are relatively common in the forties age group due to a variety of factors which include a crisis period caused by polarities of Generativity versus Stagnation as conceptualized by Erik H. Erikson. Generativity is served not only by procreativity but also by guiding the next generation through teaching. The result can be the strength of Care. Stagnation can result in unhappiness, irrational and destructive behavior, or withdrawal. Concepts of young, old and mortality also come into focus. A successful career change from private practice to academic medicine depends upon a combination of power, opportunity, and character. To be successful, the change should be made for positive reasons and be based upon youthful concepts in the cold reality of the financial and intellectual challenges of a new and competitive career. If properly done, both the personal rewards and the contribution to future medical care can be quite positive.

  12. Identity formation and social relations during late adolescence.

    PubMed

    Craig-Bray, L; Adams, G R; Dobson, W R

    1988-04-01

    Theoretical assumptions outlined by Erik Erikson on psychosocial crisis resolution hypothesizes that the positive resolution of the identity crisis is predictive of more mature intimacy formation. To test this hypothesis, college-aged late adolescents (48 subjects) completed interviews and selfreport instruments measuring identity formation and degree of intimacy along with daily records of social interactions for one week. Analyses indicated a complex association between identity and intimacy formation. Comparisons were made between the exploration and commitment process of identity and the measures of intimacy formation and social interaction measures. Numerous complex sex differences were observed with several interactions between gender, exploration, commitment, and intimacy context. Findings are discussed in terms of broadening future research direction beyond the simple study of the linkage of identity and intimacy.

  13. Developmental stages of occupational therapy and the feminist movement.

    PubMed

    Gilligan, M B

    1976-10-01

    Developmental stages characterize the growth of both the feminist movement and the field of occupational therapy. The human development stages described by Erik Erikson are used to compare the growth stages of these two groups to the human sequence. It is hypothesized that both female-dominated groups began with an "infancy" period in the early 1900s characterized by the beginnings of identity and confidence in their respective groups. Both continued to develop through stages corresponding to the childhood stages characterized by Erikson and into the adolescent acting out stages as characterized by the demonstrations of the 1960s. Present and future trends are explored in relation to developmental stages, as well as to implications for the field of occupational therapy in education, theory, and practice.

  14. Cytotoxic compounds from endemic Arnebia purpurea.

    PubMed

    Yuzbasioglu, Merve; Kuruuzum-Uz, Ayse; Guvenalp, Zuhal; Simon, András; Tóth, Gabór; Harput, U Sebnem; Kazaz, Cavit; Bilgili, Bilgehan; Duman, Hayri; Saracoglu, Iclal; Demirezer, L Omur

    2015-04-01

    Phytochemical studies of the roots and aerial parts of endemic Arnebia purpurea S. Erik & H. Sumbul resulted in the isolation and characterization of four naphthoquinones [isovalerylalkannin (1), α-methyl-n-butanoyl alkannin (2), acetylalkannin (3), and alkannin (4)], a triterpene derivative [3-O-acetyl-oleanolic acid (5)], a steroid [β-sitosterol (6)], three flavonoid glycosides [isorhamnetin-3-O-rutinoside (7), kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside (8), kaempferol 3-O-(5"-acetyl) apiofuranoside 7-O-rhamnopyranoside (9)] and a phenolic acid [rosmarinic acid (10)]. 3-O-Acetyl-oleanolic acid, isorhamnetin-3-O-rutinoside, kaempferol-3-O-mrutinoside, and kaempferol 3-O-(5"-acetyl) apiofuranoside 7-O-rhamnopyranoside are reported from an Arnebia species for the first time. Cytotoxic activities on L929 murine fibrosarcoma cell line of the isolated compounds were investigated using MTT assay. Naphthoquinones (1-4) showed intermediate cytotoxic activity in comparison with the standard, doxorubicin.

  15. Views of the mission control center during STS-9

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1983-01-01

    A group of payloads operation flight controllers follows early progress of the Spacelab 1 mission. Standing behind the row of consoles are European Space Agency's (ESA) Director General Erik Quistgaard and NASA Headquarters Dr. Michael J. Wiskerchen (44919); After opening of Spacelab in the cargo bay of Columbia, these flight controllers in the payloads operations control center (POCC) at JSC discuss agenda of experiments. Quistgaard, center, ESA's Director General, talks to ESA's Mel Brooks, left, and NASA headquarters Wiskerchen (44920); Flight controllers on duty in the POCC at JSC monitor day 1 activity aboard the Spacelab module. Behind them is a banner representing the West German state of Baden-Wurtenbug from which payload specialist Ulf Merbold hails (44921).

  16. Remarks on Effect Algebras

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Majewski, Władysław A.; Tylec, Tomasz I.

    2010-12-01

    Erik M. Alfsen and Frederic W. Shultz had recently developed the characterisation of state spaces of operator algebras. It established full equivalence (in the mathematical sense) between the Heisenberg and the Schrödinger picture, i.e. given a physical system we are able to construct its state space out of its observables as well as to construct algebra of observables from its state space. As an underlying mathematical structure they used the theory of duality of ordered linear spaces and obtained results are valid for various types of operator algebras (namely C *, von Neumann, JB and JBW algebras). Here, we show that the language they developed also admits a representation of an effect algebra.

  17. Science & Technology Review November/December 2008

    SciTech Connect

    Bearinger, J P

    2008-10-07

    This months issue has the following articles: (1) Innovation Is Key to Prosperity and Security --Commentary by Erik J. Stenehjem; (2) Taking Ultrafast Snapshots of Material Changes--The dynamic transmission electron microscope captures images a million times faster than conventional instruments; (3) Automated Technology for Laser Fusion Systems--The first completely computer-controlled system for aligning laser beams is helping make fusion research possible; (4) Protecting the Nation through Secure Cargo--A new device tracks and monitors cargo containers during transit to improve national security; (5) Atom by Atom, Layer by Layer--Extremely thin sandwiches of materials called nanolaminates exhibit remarkable, highly useful properties; and (6) Predicting the Bizarre Properties of Plutonium--A supercomputing 'grand challenge' team has made highly precise predictions of the behavior of plutonium's most important solid phase.

  18. Identification and mapping of leaf, stem and stripe rust resistance quantitative trait loci and their interactions in durum wheat.

    PubMed

    Singh, A; Pandey, M P; Singh, A K; Knox, R E; Ammar, K; Clarke, J M; Clarke, F R; Singh, R P; Pozniak, C J; Depauw, R M; McCallum, B D; Cuthbert, R D; Randhawa, H S; Fetch, T G

    2013-02-01

    Leaf rust (Puccinia triticina Eriks.), stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis f. tritici Eriks.) and stem rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici) cause major production losses in durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum). The objective of this research was to identify and map leaf, stripe and stem rust resistance loci from the French cultivar Sachem and Canadian cultivar Strongfield. A doubled haploid population from Sachem/Strongfield and parents were phenotyped for seedling reaction to leaf rust races BBG/BN and BBG/BP and adult plant response was determined in three field rust nurseries near El Batan, Obregon and Toluca, Mexico. Stripe rust response was recorded in 2009 and 2011 nurseries near Toluca and near Njoro, Kenya in 2010. Response to stem rust was recorded in field nurseries near Njoro, Kenya, in 2010 and 2011. Sachem was resistant to leaf, stripe and stem rust. A major leaf rust quantitative trait locus (QTL) was identified on chromosome 7B at Xgwm146 in Sachem. In the same region on 7B, a stripe rust QTL was identified in Strongfield. Leaf and stripe rust QTL around DArT marker wPt3451 were identified on chromosome 1B. On chromosome 2B, a significant leaf rust QTL was detected conferred by Strongfield, and at the same QTL, a Yr gene derived from Sachem conferred resistance. Significant stem rust resistance QTL were detected on chromosome 4B. Consistent interactions among loci for resistance to each rust type across nurseries were detected, especially for leaf rust QTL on 7B. Sachem and Strongfield offer useful sources of rust resistance genes for durum rust breeding.

  19. Chromosomal location of a race-specific resistance gene to Mycosphaerella graminicola in the spring wheat ST6.

    PubMed

    McCartney, C A; Brûlé-Babel, A L; Lamari, L; Somers, D J

    2003-11-01

    Septoria tritici blotch, caused by Mycosphaerella graminicola, is a serious foliar disease of wheat worldwide. Qualitative, race-specific resistance sources have been identified and utilized for resistant cultivar development. However, septoria tritici blotch resistant varieties have succumbed to changes in virulence of M. graminicola on at least three continents. The use of resistance gene pyramids may slow or prevent the breakdown of resistance. A clear understanding of the genetics of resistance and the identification of linked PCR-based markers will facilitate the recovery of wheat lines carrying multiple septoria tritici blotch resistance genes. The resistance gene in ST6 to isolate MG2 of M. graminicola was mapped with microsatellite markers in two populations, ST6/Erik and ST6/Katepwa. Bulk segregant analysis identified a marker on chromosome 4AL putatively linked to the resistance gene. A large linkage group was identified in each population using additional microsatellite markers mapping to chromosome 4AL. The resistance gene in ST6 mapped to the distal end of chromosome 4AL in each mapping population and was designated Stb7. Three of the microsatellite loci, Xwmc313, Xwmc219 and Xgwm160, mapped within 3.5 cM of Stb7; however, none flanked Stb7. Xwmc313 was the closest and mapped 0.3 and 0.5 cM from Stb7 in the crosses ST6/Katepwa and ST6/Erik, respectively. WMC313 will be very useful for marker-assisted selection of Stb7 in Canadian breeding programs because the ST6 allele of Xwmc313 was not identified in any of the Canadian common wheat cultivars tested.

  20. Diagnosing von Willebrand disease: a short history of laboratory milestones and innovations, plus current status, challenges, and solutions.

    PubMed

    Favaloro, Emmanuel J

    2014-07-01

    von Willebrand disease (VWD) is a disorder characterized by deficiency of, or defects in, von Willebrand factor (VWF). VWD was originally identified by Erik Adolf von Willebrand, who in early 1924 investigated a large family suffering from a bleeding disorder that seemed to differ from hemophilia. Erik von Willebrand undertook some initial laboratory investigations to conclude the involvement of a plasma factor, the lack of which prolonged the bleeding time, but failed to impair coagulation times and clot retraction. By the end of the 1960s, VWD was accepted as a combined deficiency of factor VIII (FVIII) and another plasma factor responsible for normal platelet adhesion. Just how these two functions were related to each other was less clear and the diagnostic tests available at the time were poorly reproducible, cumbersome, and unreliable; thus, VWD was poorly delineated from other coagulation and platelet disorders. The early 1970s saw a revolution in diagnostics when ristocetin was identified to induce platelet aggregation, and this formed the basis of the first consistent and reliable VWF "activity" test, permitting quantification of the platelet adhesive function missing in VWD. Concurrently, immunoprecipitating techniques specific for VWF were defined, and the application of such technologies permitted a clearer understanding of both VWF and VWD heterogeneity. Continued exploration of the structure and function of VWF contributed greatly to the understanding of platelet physiology, ligand receptor interaction and pathways of cellular interaction and activation. Recently, additional assays evaluating other functions of VWF, including collagen binding, platelet glycoprotein Ib binding, and FVIII binding, have improved the diagnosis of VWD. The purpose of this narrative review is to explore the history of phenotypic VWD diagnostics, with a focus on laboratory milestones from the past as well highlighting recent and ongoing innovations, and ongoing challenges and

  1. Tropical Airborne LiDAR for Landslide Assessment in Malaysia: a technical perspective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abd Manap, Mohamad; Azhari Razak, Khamarrul; Mohamad, Zakaria; Ahmad, Azhari; Ahmad, Ferdaus; Mohamad Zin, Mazlan; A'zad Rosle, Qalam

    2015-04-01

    Malaysia has faced a substantial number of landslide events every year. Cameron Highlands, Pahang is one of the badly areas affected by slope failures characterized by extreme climate, rugged topographic and weathered geological structures in a tropical environment. A high frequency of landslide occurrence in the hilly areas is predominantly due to the geological materials, tropical monsoon seasons and uncontrolled agricultural activities. Therefore the Government of Malaysia through the Prime Minister Department has allocated a special budget to conduct national level hazard and risk mapping project through Minerals and Geoscience Department Malaysia, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. The primary aim of this project is to provide slope hazard risk information for a better slope management in Malaysia. In addition this project will establish national infrastructure for geospatial information on the geological terrain and slope by emphasizing the disaster risk throughout the country. The areas of interest are located in the three different selected areas i.e. Cameron Highlands (275 square kilometers), Ipoh (200 square kilometers) and Cheras Kajang -- Batang kali (650 square kilometers). These areas are selected based on National Slope Master Plan (2009 -- 2023) that endorsed by Malaysia Government Cabinet. The national hazard and risk mapping project includes six parts of major tasks: (1) desk study and mobilization, (2) airborne LiDAR data acquisition and analysis, (3) field data acquisition and verification, (4) hazard and risk for natural terrain, (5) hazard and risk analysis for man-made slope and (6) Man-made slope mitigation/preventive measures. The project was authorized in September, 2014 and will be ended in March, 2016. In this paper, the main focus is to evaluate the suitability of integrated capability of airborne- and terrestrial LiDAR data acquisition and analysis, and also digital photography for regional landslide assessment. The

  2. EDITORIAL: Nonlinear optical manipulation, patterning and control in nano- and micro-scale systems Nonlinear optical manipulation, patterning and control in nano- and micro-scale systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Denz, Cornelia; Simoni, Francesco

    2009-03-01

    collaborating in this network. The editors are grateful for the active participation of all colleagues in this network, in the network meeting, and in making this special issue a success. We also extend our thanks to a great Journal of Optics A staff that have supported the editing of this special issue, especially the Publishing Editor, Julia Dickinson. Among the active colleagues in our network was also Associate Professor Erik Fällman, Umea University, Sweden. It was with great sadness that we learnt of the death of our colleague and friend in June 2008. We dedicate this special issue to his memory, and the active and always engaged contribution he made both to our conference and to the field of optical micromanipulation and optical control. Erik will be particularly remembered for his applications of optical force measurements on bacterial pili adhesion, which has stimulated a worldwide experimental and theoretical interest in this field.

  3. TU-E-BRD-01: President’s Symposium: The Necessity of Innovation in Medical Physics

    SciTech Connect

    Bayouth, J; Siewerdsen, J; Wahl, E

    2014-06-15

    This abstract will not blow you away, but speed-painting presenter Erik Wahl will certainly make a truly unique AAPM symposium that you will not want to miss. Along with clinical director John Bayouth and scientific leader Jeff Siewerdsen, this session will highlight innovation. To avoid being button pushers and irrelevant investigators of yesterday’s science, we must innovate. This is particularly challenging in the changing landscape of declining research funding and healthcare reimbursement. But all hope is not lost, Medical Physics is a field born out of innovation. As scientists we quickly translated the man-made and natural phenomena of radiation into a tool that could diagnose broken bones, locate foreign objects imbedded within the body, and treat a spectrum of diseases. As hyperbolae surrounding the curative powers of radiation overcame society, physicists continued their systematic pursuit of a fundamental understanding of radiation and applied their knowledge to enable the diagnostic and therapeutic power of this new tool. Health economics and the decline in research funding have put the Medical Physicist in a precarious position: how do we optimally participate in medical research and advanced patient care in the face of many competing needs? Today's diagnostic imaging and therapeutic approaches are tremendously sophisticated. Researchers and commercial vendors are producing technologies at a remarkable rate; to enable their safe and effective implementation Medical Physicists must work from a fundamental understanding of these technologies. This requires all of us, clinically practicing Medical Physicists, Researchers and Educators alike, to combine our training in scientific methods with innovation. Innovation is the key to our past, a necessity for our contemporary challenges, and critical for the future of Medical Physics. The keynote speakers for the 2014 AAPM Presidential Symposium session will address the way we approach these vitally important

  4. Site Suitability Analysis for Dissemination of Salt-tolerant Rice Varieties in Southern Bangladesh

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sinha, D. D.; Singh, A. N.; Singh, U. S.

    2014-11-01

    Bangladesh is a country of 14.4 million ha geographical area and has a population density of more than 1100 persons per sq. km. Rice is the staple food crop, growing on about 72 % of the total cultivated land and continues to be the most important crop for food security of the country. A project "Sustainable Rice Seed Production and Delivery Systems for Southern Bangladesh" has been executed by the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in twenty southern districts of Bangladesh. These districts grow rice in about 2.9 million ha out of the country's total rice area of 11.3 million ha. The project aims at contributing to the Government of Bangladesh's efforts in improving national and household food security through enhanced and sustained productivity by using salinity-, submergence- and drought- tolerant and high yielding rice varieties. Out of the 20 project districts, 12 coastal districts are affected by the problem of soil salinity. The salt-affected area in Bangladesh has increased from about 0.83 million ha in 1973 to 1.02 million ha in 2000, and 1.05 million ha in 2009 due to the influence of cyclonic storms like "Sidr", "Laila" and others, leading to salt water intrusion in croplands. Three salinity-tolerant rice varieties have recently been bred by IRRI and field tested and released by the Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI) and Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA). These varieties are BRRI dhan- 47 and Bina dhan-8 and - 10. However, they can tolerate soil salinity level up to EC 8-10 dSm-1, whereas the EC of soils in several areas are much higher. Therefore, a large scale dissemination of these varieties can be done only when a site suitability analysis of the area is carried out. The present study was taken up with the objective of preparing the site suitability of the salt-tolerant varieties for the salinity-affected districts of southern Bangladesh. Soil salinity map prepared by Soil Resources Development Institute of

  5. Connecting Life Span Development with the Sociology of the Life Course: A New Direction

    PubMed Central

    Gilleard, Chris; Higgs, Paul

    2015-01-01

    The life course has become a topic of growing interest within the social sciences. Attempts to link this sub-discipline with life span developmental psychology have been called for but with little sign of success. In this paper, we seek to address three interlinked issues concerning the potential for a more productive interchange between life course sociology and life span psychology. The first is to try to account for the failure of these two sub-disciplines to achieve any deepening engagement with each other, despite the long-expressed desirability of that goal; the second is to draw attention to the scope for enriching the sociology of the life course through Erik Erikson’s model of life span development; and the last is the potential for linking Eriksonian theory with current debates within mainstream sociology about the processes involved in ‘individualisation’ and ‘self-reflexivity’ as an alternative entry point to bring together these two fields of work. PMID:27041774

  6. KSC-03PD-0810

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2003-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Sponsor representatives of the 2003 Southeastern Regional FIRST Robotic Competition take a moment to compare notes between events. From left are Wayne Weinberg, director of development for the University of Central Florida College of Engineering and Computer Science; Erik Halleus, chair of the FIRST Regional Advisory Committee and a vice president at Siemens Enterprise Networks; and Roy D. Bridges, Jr., director of the NASA/Kennedy Space Center. The competition is being held at the University of Central Florida (UCF) in Orlando, March 20-23. Forty student teams from around the country are participating in the event that pits team-built gladiator robots against each other in an athletic-style competition. The teams are sponsored by NASA/Kennedy Space Center, The Boeing Company/Brevard Community College, and Lockheed Martin Space Operations/Mission Systems for the nonprofit organization For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology, known as FIRST. The vision of FIRST is to inspire in the youth of our nation an appreciation of science and technology and an understanding that mastering these disciplines can enrich the lives of all mankind.

  7. The First Study of Cartilage by Magnetic Resonance

    PubMed Central

    Xia, Yang; Stilbs, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Objective To recap the historical journey leading to the first cartilage research article using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), published in 1955 by 2 Swedish researchers, Erik Odeblad and Gunnar Lindström. Design Extensive Internet search utilizing both English and Swedish websites, and reading the dissertations available at the Royal Institute of Technology (Stockholm, Sweden) and via interlibrary loans at Oakland University (Michigan, USA). Results Using a primitive NMR instrument that Lindström built for his graduate research at the Nobel Institute for Physics (Stockholm, Sweden), Odeblad and Lindström studied the characteristics of the NMR signal in calf cartilage. The authors wrote, “In cartilage and fibrous tissue, in which the proton signals probably arise from highly viscous water with short spin-lattice relaxation time, the signals were also larger than would correspond to the water content.” The authors speculated the signal differences between water and biological tissues could be attributed to the absorption and organization of the water molecules to the proteins in the tissue, which was remarkably accurate. Conclusions It is quite certain that Odeblad and Lindström published the first biomedical study using NMR in 1955. In this article, cartilage and a number of other biological tissues were examined for the first time using NMR. PMID:27688837

  8. Synthesis and fungicidal activity of tubulin polymerisation promoters. Part 1: pyrido[2,3-b]pyrazines.

    PubMed

    Crowley, Patrick J; Lamberth, Clemens; Müller, Urs; Wendeborn, Sebastian; Nebel, Kurt; Williams, John; Sageot, Olivia-A; Carter, Neil; Mathie, Tanya; Kempf, Hans-Joachim; Godwin, Jeremy; Schneiter, Peter; Dobler, Markus R

    2010-02-01

    The excellent fungicidal activity of [1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidines suggested the search for further analogues with improved properties. A series of novel trisubstituted pyrido[2,3-b]pyrazines has been designed and prepared as 6,6-biheterocyclic analogues of related 5,6-bicyclic [1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidines. Their fungicidal activity was evaluated against the plant pathogens Puccinia recondita Rob. ex Desm. f. sp. tritici (Eriks.) CO Johnston (wheat brown rust), Mycosphaerella graminicola (Fuckel) Schroter (Septoria tritici Rob., leaf spot of wheat) and Magnaporthe grisea (Hebert) Barr (Pyricularia oryzae Cav., rice blast). Structure-activity relationship studies revealed the advantage of a fluoro substituent in position 6 and of a secondary amine in position 8. 8-Amino-7-aryl-6-halogen-substituted pyrido[2,3-b]pyrazines have been prepared as 6,6-biheterocyclic analogues of similarly substituted triazolopyrimidine fungicides. A concise four-step synthesis route has been worked out to prepare these novel compounds from commercially available starting materials. [(R)-(1,2-Dimethylpropyl)]-[6-fluoro-7-(2,4,6-trifluorophenyl)pyrido[2,3-b]pyrazin-8-yl]amine showed excellent activity against three economically important phytopathogens.

  9. Call of the wild: the negative tendency in the nature religions of American youth.

    PubMed

    Kramp, Joseph M

    2015-02-01

    The author argues that the paucity of options for sanctioned rebellion in contemporary American society drive an ever-increasing number of idealistic youth in search of isolation in nature, where they construct what the author here calls "nature religions." These worldviews focus on purification of falsehood, ritualized through enduring extreme physical pain, social isolation, and extreme weather conditions in hopes of experiencing reality more authentically. The author argues that unemployment, limited vocational options, and the homogenization of American society are among the major catalysts for this ever-expanding breed of seekers, each of whom struggles with a negative tendency (a theoretical term created by Erik Erikson). Furthermore, the author argues that the emphasis in the nature religions on connection to nature is constructed to compensate for the lack of community and sense of human connectedness in contemporary American society. A representative case study from Jon Krakauer's (Into the wild; Doubleday, New York, 1996) Into the Wild is presented to illuminate and justify the argument made by the author for more institutionally housed options for sanctioned, licit rebellion to manage the negative tendency.

  10. KSC-03pd0810

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2003-03-21

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Sponsor representatives of the 2003 Southeastern Regional FIRST Robotic Competition take a moment to compare notes between events. From left are Wayne Weinberg, director of development for the University of Central Florida College of Engineering and Computer Science; Erik Halleus, chair of the FIRST Regional Advisory Committee and a vice president at Siemens Enterprise Networks; and Roy D. Bridges, Jr., director of the NASA/Kennedy Space Center. The competition is being held at the University of Central Florida (UCF) in Orlando, March 20-23. Forty student teams from around the country are participating in the event that pits team-built gladiator robots against each other in an athletic-style competition. The teams are sponsored by NASA/Kennedy Space Center, The Boeing Company/Brevard Community College, and Lockheed Martin Space Operations/Mission Systems for the nonprofit organization For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology, known as FIRST. The vision of FIRST is to inspire in the youth of our nation an appreciation of science and technology and an understanding that mastering these disciplines can enrich the lives of all mankind.

  11. KSC-06pd0459

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2006-03-10

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - During the 2006 FIRST Robotics Regional Competition held March 9-11 at the University of Central Florida in Orlando, Kennedy Space Center Director Jim Kennedy (left) and Florida Governor Jeb Bush (right) are joined by Erik Halleus, executive chair of the Florida FIRST committee.The FIRST Robotics Competition challenges teams of young people and their mentors to solve a common problem in a six-week timeframe using a standard "kit of parts" and a common set of rules. Teams build robots from the parts and enter them in a series of competitions. FIRST, which is based on "For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology," redefines winning for these students. Teams are rewarded for excellence in design, demonstrated team spirit, gracious professionalism and maturity, and ability to overcome obstacles. Scoring the most points is a secondary goal. Winning means building partnerships that last. NASA and the University of Central Florida are co-sponsors of the regional event, which this year included more than 50 teams. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett

  12. Capitals, assets, and resources: some critical issues.

    PubMed

    Savage, Mike; Warde, Alan; Devine, Fiona

    2005-03-01

    This paper explores the potential of Bourdieu's approach to capital as a way of understanding class dynamics in contemporary capitalism. Recent rethinking of class analysis has sought to move beyond what Rosemary Crompton (1998) calls the 'employment aggregate approach', one which involves categorizing people into class groups according to whether they have certain attributes (e.g. occupations). Instead, recent contributions by Pierre Bourdieu, Erik Wright, Aage Sorensen, and Charles Tilly have concentrated on understanding the mechanisms that produce class inequalities. Concepts such as assets, capitals and resources (CARs) are often used to explain how class inequalities are produced, but there remain ambiguities and differences in how such terms are understood. This paper identifies problems faced both by game theoretical Marxism and by the rational choice approach of Goldthorpe in developing an adequate approach to CARs. It then turns to critically consider how elements of Bourdieu's approach, where his concept of capital is related to those of habitus and field, might overcome these weaknesses. Our rendering of his arguments leads us to conclude that our understanding of CARs might be enriched by considering how capital is distinctive not in terms of distinct relations of exploitation, but through its potential to accumulate and to be converted to other resources. This focus, we suggest, sidesteps otherwise intractable problems in CAR based approaches.

  13. KSC-03PD-0810

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2003-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Sponsor representatives of the 2003 Southeastern Regional FIRST Robotic Competition take a moment to compare notes between events. From left are Wayne Weinberg, director of development for the University of Central Florida College of Engineering and Computer Science; Erik Halleus, chair of the FIRST Regional Advisory Committee and a vice president at Siemens Enterprise Networks; and Roy D. Bridges, Jr., director of the NASA/Kennedy Space Center. The competition is being held at the University of Central Florida (UCF) in Orlando, March 20-23. Forty student teams from around the country are participating in the event that pits team-built gladiator robots against each other in an athletic-style competition. The teams are sponsored by NASA/Kennedy Space Center, The Boeing Company/Brevard Community College, and Lockheed Martin Space Operations/Mission Systems for the nonprofit organization For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology, known as FIRST. The vision of FIRST is to inspire in the youth of our nation an appreciation of science and technology and an understanding that mastering these disciplines can enrich the lives of all mankind.

  14. Quantum Corrections to Entropic Gravity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Pisin; Wang, Chiao-Hsuan

    2013-01-01

    The entropic gravity scenario recently proposed by Erik Verlinde reproduced Newton's law of purely classical gravity yet the key assumptions of this approach all have quantum mechanical origins. As is typical for emergent phenomena in physics, the underlying, more fundamental physics often reveals itself as corrections to the leading classical behavior. So one naturally wonders: where is ℏ hiding in entropic gravity? To address this question, we first revisit the idea of holographic screen as well as entropy and its variation law in order to obtain a self-consistent approach to the problem. Next we argue that since the concept of minimal length has been invoked in the Bekenstein entropic derivation, the generalized uncertainty principle (GUP), which is a direct consequence of the minimal length, should be taken into consideration in the entropic interpretation of gravity. Indeed based on GUP it has been demonstrated that the black hole Bekenstein entropy area law must be modified not only in the strong but also in the weak gravity regime where in the weak gravity limit the GUP modified entropy exhibits a logarithmic correction. When applying it to the entropic interpretation, we demonstrate that the resulting gravity force law does include sub-leading order correction terms that depend on ℏ. Such deviation from the classical Newton's law may serve as a probe to the validity of entropic gravity.

  15. Quantum Corrections to Entropic Gravity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Pisin; Wang, Chiao-Hsuan

    2013-12-01

    The entropic gravity scenario recently proposed by Erik Verlinde reproduced Newton's law of purely classical gravity yet the key assumptions of this approach all have quantum mechanical origins. As is typical for emergent phenomena in physics, the underlying, more fundamental physics often reveals itself as corrections to the leading classical behavior. So one naturally wonders: where is ħ hiding in entropic gravity? To address this question, we first revisit the idea of holographic screen as well as entropy and its variation law in order to obtain a self-consistent approach to the problem. Next we argue that as the concept of minimal length has been invoked in the Bekenstein entropic derivation, the generalized uncertainty principle (GUP), which is a direct consequence of the minimal length, should be taken into consideration in the entropic interpretation of gravity. Indeed based on GUP it has been demonstrated that the black hole Bekenstein entropy area law must be modified not only in the strong but also in the weak gravity regime where in the weak gravity limit the GUP modified entropy exhibits a logarithmic correction. When applying it to the entropic interpretation, we demonstrate that the resulting gravity force law does include sub-leading order correction terms that depend on ħ. Such deviation from the classical Newton's law may serve as a probe to the validity of entropic gravity.

  16. Cross Domain Deterrence: Livermore Technical Report, 2014-2016

    SciTech Connect

    Barnes, Peter D.; Bahney, Ben; Matarazzo, Celeste; Markey, Michael; Pearl, Jonathan

    2016-08-03

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is an original collaborator on the project titled “Deterring Complex Threats: The Effects of Asymmetry, Interdependence, and Multi-polarity on International Strategy,” (CDD Project) led by the UC Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation at UCSD under PIs Jon Lindsay and Erik Gartzke , and funded through the DoD Minerva Research Initiative. In addition to participating in workshops and facilitating interaction among UC social scientists, LLNL is leading the computational modeling effort and assisting with empirical case studies to probe the viability of analytic, modeling and data analysis concepts. This report summarizes LLNL work on the CDD Project to date, primarily in Project Years 1-2, corresponding to Federal fiscal year 2015. LLNL brings two unique domains of expertise to bear on this Project: (1) access to scientific expertise on the technical dimensions of emerging threat technology, and (2) high performance computing (HPC) expertise, required for analyzing the complexity of bargaining interactions in the envisioned threat models. In addition, we have a small group of researchers trained as social scientists who are intimately familiar with the International Relations research. We find that pairing simulation scientists, who are typically trained in computer science, with domain experts, social scientists in this case, is the most effective route to developing powerful new simulation tools capable of representing domain concepts accurately and answering challenging questions in the field.

  17. Glistenings 9 years after phacoemulsification in hydrophobic and hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lenses.

    PubMed

    Chang, Anthony; Kugelberg, Maria

    2015-06-01

    To compare the development of glistenings after implantation of a hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens (IOL) (AcrySof SA60AT) and a hydrophilic IOL (BL27) and evaluate the effect on corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) and contrast sensitivity 9 years postoperatively. St. Erik Eye Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Prospective randomized clinical trial. One of 3 experienced cataract surgeons performed standard phacoemulsification in 1 eye of each patient. The patients were randomized to implantation of a hydrophobic acrylic IOL or a hydrophilic acrylic IOL. Both IOLs had sharp posterior edges. The CDVA and contrast sensitivity were measured 9 years postoperatively. Scheimpflug images of the IOLs were obtained to analyze glistenings, which were graded subjectively at the slitlamp and quantified objectively with digital image analysis using computer software. Seventy-eight of the 120 patients were available for the 9-year follow-up examination. Patients with the hydrophilic IOL had statistically significantly fewer glistenings (P < .001). The development of glistenings was not correlated with IOL power, CDVA, or contrast sensitivity. After 9 years, the hydrophobic IOL developed more glistenings than the hydrophilic IOL. Glistenings did not affect CDVA or contrast sensitivity. Neither author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned. Copyright © 2015 ASCRS and ESCRS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Healon5: comparison of 2 removal techniques.

    PubMed

    Zetterström, Charlotta; Wejde, Gisela; Taube, Mikaela

    2002-09-01

    To evaluate the effect on intraocular pressure (IOP) of the rock 'n roll and behind-the-lens techniques of removing Healon(R)5 (sodium hyaluronate 2.3%). St. Erik's Eye Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. In a prospective randomized study of 159 patients, 2 techniques to remove Healon5--rock 'n roll and behind-the-lens--were compared during cataract surgery. Cataract surgery included identical phacoemulsification performed by 1 surgeon and implantation of a silicone intraocular lens (IOL) in the capsular bag. The removal time of Healon5 was recorded. The IOP was measured preoperatively and 5 and 24 hours postoperatively. The mean IOP before surgery was 15.7 mm Hg +/- 2.8 (SD) in the rock 'n roll group and 15.9 +/- 2.7 mm Hg in the behind-the-lens group. Five hours postoperatively, the mean IOP was 25.6 +/- 10.4 mm Hg and 22.4 +/- 7.6 mm Hg, respectively; the difference between the groups was statistically significant. By 24 hours postoperatively, the mean IOP was at preoperative levels in both groups. The mean removal time of Healon5 was 50 seconds in the rock 'n roll group and 39 seconds in the behind-the-lens group; the difference between the groups was statistically significant. Results indicate that the behind-the-lens technique for removing Healon5 is quicker and safer than the rock 'n roll technique.

  19. Symbolic loss in American adolescents: mourning in teenage cinema.

    PubMed

    Kramp, Joseph M

    2014-04-01

    I argue that the changing economic conditions in the contemporary world have caused a shift in religious and cultural values among American youth. This shift in cultural and religious values and practices is interpreted in this essay as an experience of symbolic loss, or a loss of socially shared historic ideals and symbols (Homans in Childhood and selfhood: essays on tradition, religion, and modernity in the psychology of Erik H. Erikson. Bucknell University Press, Lewisburg, pp 189-228, 2008). I argue that the symbolic loss among American youth can most clearly be seen in the contemporary horror film genre in America. I assess the popularity of this genre, its value structure and the psychosocial consequences of the symbolic losses experienced by American youth as witnessed in this film genre. I suggest two ways in which adolescents and adults can work to re-create cultural and religious meanings that both foster courage and serenity in the face of the profound despair that accompanies the rage and paranoia in the contemporary horror film genre.

  20. Along paths converging to Bengt Saltin's early contributions in exercise physiology.

    PubMed

    Schantz, P

    2015-12-01

    A fascinating chain of events led in 1941 to the formation of the Department of Physiology at the Royal Gymnastic Central Institute (GCI) in Stockholm, Sweden. Erik Hohwü Christensen, from the scientifically advanced Lindhard School in Copenhagen became its first professor. A central research question for him concerned determining the limiting factors for maximal physical performance in man. This was the academic setting where the sports interested medical student Bengt Saltin was introduced to exercise physiology. In the summer of 1959, he became involved in a study on intermittent vs continuous running. A doctoral project, with Per-Olof Åstrand as his tutor, resulted in 1964 as the thesis "Aerobic work capacity and circulation at exercise in man. With special reference to the effect of prolonged exercise and/or heat exposure". In the decade that followed, Saltin continued along that path. However, he also added a vital research line involving pioneering studies on skeletal muscles in the exercising man, a series of novel studies on the physiological demands in various sports, and studies of the effects of physical training within the general population. © 2015 The Authors. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  1. Geometric Mechanics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Talman, Richard

    1999-10-01

    Mechanics for the nonmathematician-a modern approach For physicists, mechanics is quite obviously geometric, yet the classical approach typically emphasizes abstract, mathematical formalism. Setting out to make mechanics both accessible and interesting for nonmathematicians, Richard Talman uses geometric methods to reveal qualitative aspects of the theory. He introduces concepts from differential geometry, differential forms, and tensor analysis, then applies them to areas of classical mechanics as well as other areas of physics, including optics, crystal diffraction, electromagnetism, relativity, and quantum mechanics. For easy reference, Dr. Talman treats separately Lagrangian, Hamiltonian, and Newtonian mechanics-exploring their geometric structure through vector fields, symplectic geometry, and gauge invariance respectively. Practical perturbative methods of approximation are also developed. Geometric Mechanics features illustrative examples and assumes only basic knowledge of Lagrangian mechanics. Of related interest . . . APPLIED DYNAMICS With Applications to Multibody and Mechatronic Systems Francis C. Moon A contemporary look at dynamics at an intermediate level, including nonlinear and chaotic dynamics. 1998 (0-471-13828-2) 504 pp. MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS Applied Mathematics for Scientists and Engineers Bruce Kusse and Erik Westwig A comprehensive treatment of the mathematical methods used to solve practical problems in physics and engineering. 1998 (0-471-15431-8) 680 pp.

  2. A.E. Nordenski and the auroral oval

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nygrén, Tuomo; Silén, Johan

    In 1857, Adold Erik Nordenskiöld (1832-1901), a Finnish geographer and mineralogist, was forced to withdraw from his position at the University of Helsinki because of a conflict with the czarist officials in Finland. He then moved to Sweden, where he became one of the most celebrated explorers of his time. Most famous of his polar expeditions was the discovery of the Northeast Passage. Nordenskiöld made his voyage in the wooden steamship Vega in 1878-79.Vega started its voyage on June 22, 1878, and was directed in a course around Scandinavia and along the Siberian coast toward Bering Strait. Nordenskiöld's plan was to reach the Pacific Ocean during the summer months, but this was hindered by unfavorable ice conditions. At the end of September the sea was blocked by ice fields, and the Vega had to pass the winter on the northern coast of the Chukchi Peninsula (67°4‧49″N, 173°23‧2″W)—exasperatingly close to the open waters of Bering Strait. The ship could not set sail any sooner than the following July when the sea was free again. After visiting Japan, China, and Ceylon, the Vega passed through the Suez Canal and finally, on April 24, 1880, arrived at Stockholm.

  3. Along paths converging to Bengt Saltin’s early contributions in exercise physiology

    PubMed Central

    Schantz, P

    2015-01-01

    A fascinating chain of events led in 1941 to the formation of the Department of Physiology at the Royal Gymnastic Central Institute (GCI) in Stockholm, Sweden. Erik Hohwü Christensen, from the scientifically advanced Lindhard School in Copenhagen became its first professor. A central research question for him concerned determining the limiting factors for maximal physical performance in man. This was the academic setting where the sports interested medical student Bengt Saltin was introduced to exercise physiology. In the summer of 1959, he became involved in a study on intermittent vs continuous running. A doctoral project, with Per-Olof Åstrand as his tutor, resulted in 1964 as the thesis “Aerobic work capacity and circulation at exercise in man. With special reference to the effect of prolonged exercise and/or heat exposure”. In the decade that followed, Saltin continued along that path. However, he also added a vital research line involving pioneering studies on skeletal muscles in the exercising man, a series of novel studies on the physiological demands in various sports, and studies of the effects of physical training within the general population. PMID:26589112

  4. A four-fold humanity: Margaret Mead and psychological types.

    PubMed

    Sullivan, Gerald

    2004-01-01

    Beginning in 1933, while working in New Guinea, Margaret Mead developed her so-called squares hypothesis. Mead never published its terms, though she made a brief comment on it in her autobiography, Blackberry Winter (1972), and the arguments found in Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies (1935) and the research leading to Balinese Character (Bateson & Mead, 1942) bore its imprint. Beginning with William McDougall's distinction between temperament (innate predispositions) and character (learned organization of habit), Mead articulated a morphological approach to the interplay between biology and culture that yielded four primary and four intermediary personality types. Under specified but not inevitable circumstances, the conscious choices of a given people could render one or another of these types characteristic or predominantly stable within their population, giving each of the other types a definite relation to the dominant type and thereby the cultural ethos of its society. Persons of each type followed a developmental path specific to their type different both from that of other types and in its manifestations given the various relations of the individual's type to the dominant type. Mead's hypothesis was, therefore, a vision of the unity and diversity of a single human species as well as an approach to the differing psychological positioning of individuals in cultures. In examining Mead's hypothesis, this essay also takes up Mead's debts to several leading psychologists (McDougall, C. G. Jung, and Erik Erikson), and (provisionally) how her vision differed from that of Ruth Benedict. Copyright 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. Early climate change consensus at the National Academy: the origins and making of "Changing Climate".

    PubMed

    Nierenberg, Nicolas; Tschinkel, Walter R; Tschinkel, Victoria J

    2010-01-01

    The 1983 National Academy of Sciences report entitled "Changing Climate," authored by a committee of physical and social scientists chaired by William Nierenberg, was an early comprehensive review of the effects of human-caused increases in the levels of atmospheric CO2. Study of the events surrounding the committee's creation, deliberations, and subsequent report demonstrates that the conclusions of the report were the consensus of the entire committee and in line with the scientific consensus of the time. This result contraverts a 2008 paper in which Naomi Oreskes, Erik M. Conway, and Matthew Shindell asserted that the report contradicted a growing consensus about climate change, and that Nierenberg for political reasons deliberately altered the summary and conclusions of the report in a way that played down the concerns of the other physical scientists on the committee. Examining the production of the report and contextualizing it in contemporaneous scientific and political discussion, we instead show how it was a multi-year effort with work divided among the various members of the committee according to their expertise. The synthesis and conclusions were expressly a joint statement of the committee and were consistent with other assessments of that time expressing deep concern over the potential issues while stopping short of recommending major policy changes due to the uncertainties, and to a lack of good alternatives.

  6. Genetic analysis of seedling resistance to crown rust in five diploid oat (Avena strigosa) accessions.

    PubMed

    Cabral, A L; Park, R F

    2016-02-01

    Crown rust, caused by Puccinia coronata Corda f. sp. avenae Eriks., is a serious menace in oats, for which resistance is an effective means of control. Wild diploid oat accessions are a source of novel resistances that first need to be characterised prior to introgression into locally adapted oat cultivars. A genetic analysis of resistance to crown rust was carried out in three diverse diploid oat accessions (CIav6956, CIav9020, PI292226) and two cultivars (Saia and Glabrota) of A. strigosa. A single major gene conditioning resistance to Australian crown rust pathotype (Pt) 0000-2 was identified in each of the three accessions. Allelism tests suggested that these genes are either the same, allelic, or tightly linked with less than 1 % recombination. Similarly, a single gene was identified in Glabrota, and possibly two genes in Saia; both cultivars previously reported to carry two and three crown rust resistance genes, respectively. The identified seedling resistance genes could be deployed in combination with other resistance gene(s) to enhance durability of resistance to crown rust in hexaploid oat. Current diploid and hexaploid linkage maps and molecular anchor markers (simple sequence repeat [SSR] and diversity array technology [DArT] markers) should facilitate their mapping and introgression into hexaploid oat.

  7. An Annotated Bibliography of HVDC Transmission and FACTS Devices, 1996-1997.

    SciTech Connect

    Litzenberger, Wayne H.; Varma, Rajiv K.; Flanagan, John D.

    1998-06-01

    This edition of the Annotated Bibliography of HVDC Transmission and FACTS Devices continues work begun in 1962 by the late Erik Bromberg, Bonneville Power Administration Librarian. His original bibliography covered the period 1932--1962. Subsequent editions were compiled by Bromberg, Val S. Lava, and Wayne Litzenberger, all of Bonneville Power Administration. Beginning with the 1991--1993 edition, the scope of the bibliography was expanded to include flexible ac transmission (FACTS) devices. This 1996--1997 edition also contains information for 1998. Preparation of the present edition took place primarily in May-June of 1998. All pertinent references have been included that were available to the editors at the time of preparation. Papers for the 1998 IEEE Winter and Summer Power Meetings and 1998 T and D Conference have been included. This edition contains the organizational affiliation of the first-named author as an aid to accessing the reference. Unfortunately, space limitations prevented the inclusion of the affiliations of all authors. Some minor editorial changes have been made to abstracts to ensure consistency in style and syntax.

  8. CDAC Student Report: Summary of LLNL Internship

    SciTech Connect

    Herriman, Jane E.

    2016-10-10

    Multiple objectives motivated me to apply for an internship at LLNL: I wanted to experience the work environment at a national lab, to learn about research and job opportunities at LLNL in particular, and to gain greater experience with code development, particularly within the realm of high performance computing (HPC). This summer I was selected to participate in LLNL's Computational Chemistry and Material Science Summer Institute (CCMS). CCMS is a 10 week program hosted by the Quantum Simulations group leader, Dr. Eric Schwegler. CCMS connects graduate students to mentors at LLNL involved in similar re- search and provides weekly seminars on a broad array of topics from within chemistry and materials science. Dr. Xavier Andrade and Dr. Erik Draeger served as my co-mentors over the summer, and Dr. Andrade continues to mentor me now that CCMS has concluded. Dr. Andrade is a member of the Quantum Simulations group within the Physical and Life Sciences at LLNL, and Dr. Draeger leads the HPC group within the Center for Applied Scientific Computing (CASC). The two have worked together to develop Qb@ll, an open-source first principles molecular dynamics code that was the platform for my summer research project.

  9. Ergonomics, safety, and resilience in the helicopter offshore transportation system of Campos Basin.

    PubMed

    Gomes, José Orlando; Huber, Gilbert J; Borges, Marcos R S; de Carvalho, Paulo Victor R

    2015-01-01

    Air transportation of personnel to offshore oil platforms is one of the major hazards of this kind of endeavor. Pilot performance is a key factor in the safety of the transportation system. This study seeks to identify the ergonomic factors present in pilots' activities that may in some way compromise or enhance their performance, the constraints and affordances which they are subject to; and where possible to link these to their associated risk factors. Methodology adopted in this project studies work in its context. It is a merging of Activity Analysis (Guerin et al. 2001) of European tradition with Cognitive Task Analysis (CTA - www.ctaresource.com) articulated with the recent approaches to cognitive systems engineering developed by Professors David Woods and Erik Hollnagel. Fifty-five hours of field interviews provided the input for analysis. Sixteen ergonomic constraints were identified, some cognitive, some physical, all considered relevant by the research subjects and expert advisers. Although the safety record of the personnel transportation system studied is considered acceptable, there is low hanging fruit to be picked which can help improve the system's safety.

  10. Fulcrum: condensing redundant reads from high-throughput sequencing studies

    PubMed Central

    Burriesci, Matthew S.; Lehnert, Erik M.; Pringle, John R.

    2012-01-01

    Motivation: Ultra-high-throughput sequencing produces duplicate and near-duplicate reads, which can consume computational resources in downstream applications. A tool that collapses such reads should reduce storage and assembly complications and costs. Results: We developed Fulcrum to collapse identical and near-identical Illumina and 454 reads (such as those from PCR clones) into single error-corrected sequences; it can process paired-end as well as single-end reads. Fulcrum is customizable and can be deployed on a single machine, a local network or a commercially available MapReduce cluster, and it has been optimized to maximize ease-of-use, cross-platform compatibility and future scalability. Sequence datasets have been collapsed by up to 71%, and the reduced number and improved quality of the resulting sequences allow assemblers to produce longer contigs while using less memory. Availability and implementation: Source code and a tutorial are available at http://pringlelab.stanford.edu/protocols.html under a BSD-like license. Fulcrum was written and tested in Python 2.6, and the single-machine and local-network modes depend on a modified version of the Parallel Python library (provided). Contact: erik.m.lehnert@gmail.com Supplementary information: Supplementary information is available at Bioinformatics online. PMID:22419786

  11. Misplaced Paternalism and other Mistakes in the Debate over Kidney Sales.

    PubMed

    Semrau, Luke

    2017-03-01

    Erik Malmqvist defends the prohibition on kidney sales as a justifiable measure to protect individuals from harms they have not autonomously chosen. This appeal to 'group soft paternalism' requires that three conditions be met. It must be shown that some vendors will be harmed, that some will be subject to undue pressure to vend, and that we cannot feasibly distinguish between the autonomous and the non-autonomous. I argue that Malmqvist fails to demonstrate that any of these conditions are likely to obtain. His argument involves two common errors. First, he, like many, proceeds on a mistaken understanding of how to assess harm. What matters is not the balance of costs and benefits of vending, but a comparison of potential vendors' welfare across two possible courses of action. Second, Malmqvist's concerns about third-party pressure are predicated on an empirically unrealistic understanding of the operation of a regulated market. A widely underappreciated fact is that kidney sales will be relatively rare, and most who try to vend will be unable to. Because pressure on another to vend will not result in the desired outcome, few will exert it.

  12. [Historiography of diseases in Finland].

    PubMed

    Vuorinen, H S

    1998-01-01

    The 19th century was a period of comprehensive, "big" histories of diseases. German historiographers of diseases were especially prominent. World-famous is August Hirsch's Handbuch der historisch-geographischen Pathologie (the second edition appeared in three volumes in 1881-1886). The first volume of the Finn Immanuel Ilmoni's (1797-1856) Bidrag till Nordens sjukdoms-historia (A History of Diseases in the Nordic Countries) was published in 1846, the second volume in 1849 and the third in 1853. In this book Ilmoni treated the history of disease up to the year 1800. He planned a fourth volume, dealing with the 19th century, but this book was never published. Ilmoni was strongly influenced by the ideas of Thomas Sydenham and the German exponents of Naturphilosophie. Ilmoni's "ontological" concept of disease was rejected by Erik Alexander Ingman, a contemporary Finnish representative of "modern" medical ideas. After Ilmoni, nobody has attempted to write a comprehensive history of diseases in Finland, but histories of cholera (Carl Qvist, 1872) lepra (Lars Fagerlund, 1886), malaria (Richard Sievers, 1891) and pulmonary tuberculosis (Woldemar Backman and Severi Savonen, 1934) have been published. Diseases in Finland received very little attention in the "world histories" of diseases. After Hirsch only one comprehensive "world history" of diseases has been published (1993).

  13. Threats to identity in survivors of multiple AIDS-related losses.

    PubMed

    Nord, D

    1997-01-01

    Survivors of multiple AIDS-related losses face threat to their identity because of the extreme disruption to their personal, assumptive, and interpersonal worlds. This article briefly explains the experience of multiple-loss survivors and includes a case history of a survivor. An individual's sense of self is transformed through identification with the disease. In the gay community, a particularly strong identification with AIDS arose. One outcome of the meshing of an AIDS and homosexual identity is the tendency for gays to assume an identity in relation to HIV ("I am HIV positive/negative.") Personality alteration is not uncommon and may include an inability to trust, labile emotionality, and diffuse anger. Erik Erikson's developmental stage model is used to clarify the confusion survivors face in maintaining and forming identity. Many survivors are catapulted into an integrity versus despair task, reporting many similarities with the situation of their grandparents. The survivor's interpersonal connection to the world, especially their connection to a community, is severely shaken. The article does not ignore the potential for positive identity growth arising from this tragedy. Conclusions from this experience may have applicability in other areas of multiple, ongoing losses.

  14. Comparison of 2 A-scans.

    PubMed

    Norrby, Sverker; Lydahl, Eva; Koranyi, Gabor; Taube, Mikaela

    2003-01-01

    To compare 2 A-scan instruments with regard to differences in measured results for the same patient sample. St. Erik's Eye Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. In a study to evaluate the lens-haptic plane concept of intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation, 148 patients eligible for cataract surgery were measured with 2 different A-scan instruments (BVI Axis and Sonomed 1500). The axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and lens thickness (LT) results were analyzed for systematic differences and random errors. The Sonomed 1500 measured systematically longer than the BVI Axis for AL (0.41 mm) and ACD (0.28 mm), although the correlation was good (r = 0.99 and r = 0.87, respectively). The LT correlated poorly (r = 0.18) and showed no systematic trend. The relative random errors (standard deviations) in ACD (7.2%) and LT (18.6%) were larger than that of the AL (0.8%). The systematic difference in the AL corresponds to a 1.0 diopter difference in the A-constant. The large random errors in the ACD and LT reduce their value as predictors of postoperative IOL position in formulas that use them. Systematic differences in AL can be large enough to require separate formula constants for different pieces of equipment. If this is the situation in 1 setting, there is a risk of mistakes. This confusion could be avoided if there were an agreed standard and a universal calibration procedure for instruments intended for AL measurement.

  15. Erikson's concept of ego identity reconsidered.

    PubMed

    Wallerstein, R S

    1998-01-01

    This paper explores and attempts to explain the paradox that Erik Erikson--after Freud, undoubtedly the psychoanalyst best known, most deeply esteemed, and most widely influential in the sociohistorical surround of world culture--has at the same time never been properly integrated into the psychoanalytic mainstream, but has instead been marginalized, consigned to a persisting psychoanalytic limbo. Two successive contexts within the historical unfolding of psychoanalysis in America, the milieu in which Erikson worked, would seem to account for this neglect. First, Erikson's monumental contributions to our understanding of the psychosocial developmental process, of the epigenesis of the ego, of the phase-specific developmental tasks across the eight postulated stages of the life cycle, and of the intergenerational cogwheeling of the life cycles were made during the 1950s and 1960s and could not easily be integrated into the ego psychology metapsychological paradigm then monolithically regnant within American psychoanalysis. And, second, as a major paradigm shift took place in America, beginning in the 1970s, toward a more relational, interpersonal, and intersubjective framework, Erikson's contributions, couched as they were in the structural language of the ego psychology of his time, were overlooked and went unremarked as seminal precursors of the newly emerging emphases. The clear relationship of Erikson's concepts of (ego) identity to emerging conceptions of self in relation to objects was simply not noticed, and his work continues to this day to be neglected and unintegrated within psychoanalysis.

  16. Story of electromyography equipment.

    PubMed

    Ladegaard, Jørn

    2002-01-01

    It all started in 1950 with the introduction of the first commercially available electromyography (EMG) system. From 1950 to 1973 was the era of the analog EMG systems: EMG signals were recorded, and subsequent analyses were carried out manually on film or paper. From 1973 to 1982, the first modular digital EMG systems were introduced. Dedicated analysis modules were introduced, but detailed analysis was still done on paper. In 1982, the first system controlled by a microprocessor was introduced. From 1982 to 1993, many new ways of analyzing EMG signals and basic reporting features were implemented in the EMG systems. Since 1993, personal computer technology has been used in EMG systems. Standard software and hardware components are used to record, analyze, and document EMG examinations. Since 1950, many people have influenced the development of new features in commercial EMG systems. However, within the last 3 decades, Erik Stålberg has always been in the forefront and has shown ways of implementing new methods for analyzing EMG activity or nerve signals. The development of new commercial EMG systems has been dependent on the technology introduced to the market at that particular period of time. This article only refers to systems that have been sold or are now being sold worldwide. Copyright 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. Future Directions In The Study Of Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars With The James Webb Space Telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hjort, Adam; Zackrisson, Erik; Eriksson, Kjell

    2016-10-01

    In this study we present photometric predictions for C-type Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars (AGB) stars from Eriks- son et al. (2014) for the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) and the Wide- eld Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) instruments. The photometric predictions we have done are for JWST's general purpose wide-band lters on NIR- Cam and MIRI covering wavelengths of 0.7 — 21 microns. AGB stars contribute substantially to the integrated light of intermediate-age stellar popula- tions and is a substantial source of the metals (especially carbon) in galaxies. Studies of AGB stars are (among other reasons) important for the understanding of the chemical evolution and dust cycle of galaxies. Since the JWST is scheduled for launch in 2018 it should be a high priority to prepare observing strategies. With these predictions we hope it will be possible to optimize observing strategies of AGB stars and max- imize the science return of JWST. By testing our method on Whitelock et al. (2006) objects from the WISE catalog and comparing them with our photometric results based on Eriksson et al. (2014) we have been able to fit 20 objects with models. The photometric data set can be accessed at: http://www.astro.uu.se/AGBmodels/ABmags/

  18. Links of Adolescents Identity Development and Relationship with Peers: A Systematic Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Ragelienė, Tija

    2016-01-01

    Objective: According to Erik Erikson, the main task of adolescents is to solve the crisis of identity versus role confusion. Research has shown that a stable and strong sense of identity is associated with better mental health of adolescents. Good relationships with peers are also linked with better emotional and psychological well-being of adolescents. However, there is a lack of reviews of studies in the scientific literature examining the relationship between the adolescents’ identity development and relationships with peers. The aims of this article were to analyze links between adolescent identity development and relationships with peers identified from a literature review, summarize the results, and discuss the theoretical factors that may predict these relationships. Method: A systematic literature review. Results: Analysis of findings from the systematic literature review revealed that a good relationship with peers is positively related to adolescent identity development, but empirical research in this area is extremely limited. Conclusions: The links between adolescents’ identity development and their relationship with peers are not completely clear. The possible intermediate factors that could determine the relationship between adolescent identity development and their relationships with peers are discussed. Further empirical researches is needed in this area. PMID:27274745

  19. Lost Mountain: a year in the vanishing wilderness; radical strip mining and the devastation of Appalachia

    SciTech Connect

    Reece, E.

    2007-02-15

    The mountains of Appalachia are home to one of the great forests of the world - they predate the Ice Age and scientists refer to them as the 'rainforests' of North America for their remarkable density and species diversity. These mountains also hold the mother lode of American coal, and the coal mining industry has long been the economic backbone for families in a region hard-pressed for other job opportunities. But recently, a new type of mining has been introduced -'radical strip mining', aka 'mountaintop removal'- in which a team employing no more than ten men and some heavy machinery literally blast off the top of a mountain, dump it in the valley below, and scoop out the coal. Erik Reece chronicles the year he spent witnessing the systematic decimation of a single mountain, aptly named 'Lost Mountain'. A native Kentuckian and the son of a coal worker, Reece makes it clear that strip mining is neither a local concern nor a radical contention, but a mainstream crisis that encompasses every hot-button issue - from corporate hubris and government neglect, to class conflict and poisoned groundwater, to irrevocable species extinction and landscape destruction. Published excerpts of Lost Mountain are already driving headlines and legislative action in Kentucky.

  20. History of Disaster Medicine.

    PubMed

    Suner, Selim

    2015-10-01

    Erik Noji, mentioned, tongue in cheek, Noah as the first disaster manager during a lecture in 2005. The canonical description of "The Genesis Flood" does describe Noah as a master planner and executer of an evacuation of biblical proportions. After gaining knowledge of a potential catastrophic disaster he planned and executed an evacuation to mitigate the effects of the "Genesis Flood" by building the Ark and organizing a mass exodus. He had to plan for food, water, shelter, medical care, waste disposal and other needs of all the evacuees. Throughout history, management of large disasters was conducted by the military. Indeed, the military still plays a large role in disaster response in many countries, particularly if the response is overseas and prolonged. The histories of emergency preparedness, disaster management and disaster medicine have coevolved and are inextricably intertwined. While disaster management in one form or another existed as long as people started living together in communities, the development of disaster medicine took off with the emergence of modern medicine. Similar to disaster management, disaster medicine also has roots in military organizations.

  1. Big data and other challenges in the quest for orthologs

    PubMed Central

    Sonnhammer, Erik L.L.; Gabaldón, Toni; Sousa da Silva, Alan W.; Martin, Maria; Robinson-Rechavi, Marc; Boeckmann, Brigitte; Thomas, Paul D.; Dessimoz, Christophe

    2014-01-01

    Given the rapid increase of species with a sequenced genome, the need to identify orthologous genes between them has emerged as a central bioinformatics task. Many different methods exist for orthology detection, which makes it difficult to decide which one to choose for a particular application. Here, we review the latest developments and issues in the orthology field, and summarize the most recent results reported at the third ‘Quest for Orthologs’ meeting. We focus on community efforts such as the adoption of reference proteomes, standard file formats and benchmarking. Progress in these areas is good, and they are already beneficial to both orthology consumers and providers. However, a major current issue is that the massive increase in complete proteomes poses computational challenges to many of the ortholog database providers, as most orthology inference algorithms scale at least quadratically with the number of proteomes. The Quest for Orthologs consortium is an open community with a number of working groups that join efforts to enhance various aspects of orthology analysis, such as defining standard formats and datasets, documenting community resources and benchmarking. Availability and implementation: All such materials are available at http://questfororthologs.org. Contact: erik.sonnhammer@scilifelab.se or c.dessimoz@ucl.ac.uk PMID:25064571

  2. Earth-Sized Planets Around Nearby Dwarf

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2015-10-01

    Despite having lost two of its reaction wheels, the Kepler mission has proven itself still capable of making discoveries. Now in a mission extension called K2, in which radiation pressure from the Sun stabilizes the spacecraft, Kepler has continued to detect planets in distant solar systems. And one of its latest discoveries is an especially intriguing pair of Earth-sized planets transiting a small, cool star only ~200 light-years away Transiting Discoveries: Earth-sized planets that orbit close to their host stars are thought to be remarkably common. Theyre predicted to exist around more than a quarter of Sun-like stars, and to be nearly ubiquitous around the smaller, cooler M dwarfs. Unfortunately, systems with M-dwarf hosts are hard to find, since theyre often very faint; a large survey is needed to spot the few M dwarfs near enough to be easily detectable. Luckily, Kepler has risen to the occasion Calibrated photometry for the K2-21 system, with the planet transits marked by red and teal ticks. Best-fit light curves for the transits are shown in the lower panels. Click for a closer look [Petigura et al. 2015] In a recent paper, a team of scientists led by Erik Petigura (Hubble Fellow at the California Institute of Technology) reports the discovery of two new transiting, Earth-sized planets around nearby M dwarf K2-21. The team followed up with spectroscopy of the host star, which allowed them to estimate that the two planets, K2-21b and K2-21c, have radii roughly 1.6 and 1.9 times the radius of Earth. These sizes mean that they straddle the boundary between high-density, rocky planets and low-density planets with thick gaseous envelopes.Unique PlanetsOne unanswered question about close-in, small planets common around dwarfs is whether they form in situ, or form far from their host and migrate inward. K2-21b and c have orbital periods of approximately 9.3 and 15.5 days, which means they are very nearly in a 5:3 resonance. This may be evidence that they formed

  3. Implications of land-atmosphere coupling on the present and projected climate over the Iberian Peninsula

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jerez, S.; Montavez, J. P.; Jimenez-Guerrero, P.; Gomez-Navarro, J. J.; Garcia-Valero, J. A.; Gonzalez-Rouco, J.; Jimenez, J. M.

    2009-04-01

    north-south heterogeneities of the IP climate are better captured. Regarding the underlying mechanisms causing these results, the leading is related to the more realistic sensible and latent superficial heat fluxes simulated. Last, the implications of such detected features when projecting the future warming over the IP have been evaluated. In order to do that, two pairs of identical simulations except for the soil model employed have been performed: a control period (1961-1990) driven by the ERIK1 experiment performed with ECHO-G global climate model, and a future projection (2070-2099) driven by the prolongation of the ERIK1 towards the future under the SRES A2 scenario. Results show a larger projected 2-meter temperature increase for the summer season, almost 2 degrees for some areas, when the complex LSM (Noah) is used. This increase is larger for the maximum temperatures than for the minimum ones showing different spatial patterns. Moreover, not only a displacement of the temperature distribution function is found, but also a change of its shape. Due to its climatic heterogeneity, the IP results a feasible scenario for this kind of studies. It has been shown that seasons and areas not subjected to hydrological stress phenomena are not notably affected by the use of the more complex (and so, more computationally expensive) soil parametrization. Nevertheless, results indicate more realistic simulations for the South of the IP and for the summer season, where the simplest-scheme simulation fails in both mean values and temporal variability. These current results open a new uncertainty source for temperature projections coming from the uncertainties related to the simulated precipitation.

  4. Mapping the entangled ontology of science teachers' lived experience

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Daugbjerg, Peer S.; de Freitas, Elizabeth; Valero, Paola

    2015-09-01

    primary science teachers—Erik, Jane and Tina—, we look for how their self-reported lived experiences become entangled with their content knowledge and their classroom practice. We examine this entanglement in the data collected from the three teachers. In the three teachers stories the proposed dimensions of experience shift in prominence. We focus on Erik's reflections on his teaching experience as well as his bodily gestures in teaching biological concepts and explanations to the pupils in a classical classroom setting. We discuss how Jane embodies and enacts her own childhood relations to nature and natural phenomena, recent in-service training, teaching experience and continued enthusiastic relation to nature and natural phenomenon. We also discuss how Tina exhibits a continued entanglement of past ethical experience and present embodiment of dedication to do good for others. By carefully attending to the entanglement of the three dimensions—continuity, relation and setting—, we hope to offer insight into the complex ways in which the body factors into science teaching practices.

  5. EDITORIAL: The 24th Nordic Semiconductor Meeting The 24th Nordic Semiconductor Meeting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Páll Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur; Nylandsted Larsen, Arne; Uhrenfeldt, Christian

    2012-03-01

    AndersenAalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark Pia BomholtAarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark Hafliði P GíslasonUniversity of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland Haraldur Páll GunnlaugssonAarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark John HansenAarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark Britta JohansenAarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark Volodymyr KhranovskyyLinköping University, Linköping, Sweden Arne Nylandsted LarsenAarhus University, Denmark Helge MalmbekkUniversity of Oslo, Oslo, Norway Erik Stensrud MarsteinInstitute for Energy Technology, Kjeller, Norway Antonio MartiUniversidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain Torben MølholtUniversity of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland Sveinn ÓlafssonUniversity of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland Thomas PedersenTechnical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark Thomas Garm PedersenAalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark Dirch Hjorth PetersenTechnical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark Vincent QuemenerUniversity of Oslo, Oslo, Norway Henry RadamsonKTH Royal Institute of Technology, Kista, Sweden Bahman RaeissiUniversity of Oslo, Oslo, Norway Jonatan SlotteAalto University, Aalto, Finland Xin SongUniversity of Oslo, Oslo, Norway Einar Örn SveinbjörnssonUniversity of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland Mikael SyväjärviLinköping University, Linköping, Sweden Chi Kwong TangUniversity of Oslo, Oslo, Norway Erik V ThomsenTechnical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark Christian UhrenfeldtAarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark Hans Ulrik UlriksenAalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark Muhammad UsmanKTH Royal Institute of Technology, Kista, Sweden Lasse VinesUniversity of Oslo, Oslo, Norway Ulrich WahlUnidade de Física e Aceleradores, Sacavém, Portugal Helge WemanNTNU, Trondheim, Norway Gerd WeyerAarhus University, Denmark

  6. Geophysics of Small Planetary Bodies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Asphaug, Erik I.

    1998-01-01

    As a SETI Institute PI from 1996-1998, Erik Asphaug studied impact and tidal physics and other geophysical processes associated with small (low-gravity) planetary bodies. This work included: a numerical impact simulation linking basaltic achondrite meteorites to asteroid 4 Vesta (Asphaug 1997), which laid the groundwork for an ongoing study of Martian meteorite ejection; cratering and catastrophic evolution of small bodies (with implications for their internal structure; Asphaug et al. 1996); genesis of grooved and degraded terrains in response to impact; maturation of regolith (Asphaug et al. 1997a); and the variation of crater outcome with impact angle, speed, and target structure. Research of impacts into porous, layered and prefractured targets (Asphaug et al. 1997b, 1998a) showed how shape, rheology and structure dramatically affects sizes and velocities of ejecta, and the survivability and impact-modification of comets and asteroids (Asphaug et al. 1998a). As an affiliate of the Galileo SSI Team, the PI studied problems related to cratering, tectonics, and regolith evolution, including an estimate of the impactor flux around Jupiter and the effect of impact on local and regional tectonics (Asphaug et al. 1998b). Other research included tidal breakup modeling (Asphaug and Benz 1996; Schenk et al. 1996), which is leading to a general understanding of the role of tides in planetesimal evolution. As a Guest Computational Investigator for NASA's BPCC/ESS supercomputer testbed, helped graft SPH3D onto an existing tree code tuned for the massively parallel Cray T3E (Olson and Asphaug, in preparation), obtaining a factor xIO00 speedup in code execution time (on 512 cpus). Runs which once took months are now completed in hours.

  7. Identification and validation of single nucleotide polymorphic markers linked to Ug99 stem rust resistance in spring wheat

    PubMed Central

    Chao, Shiaoman; Singh, Ravi P.; Sorrells, Mark E.

    2017-01-01

    Wheat stem rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici Eriks. and E. Henn.) is one of the most destructive diseases world-wide. Races belonging to Ug99 (or TTKSK) continue to cause crop losses in East Africa and threaten global wheat production. Developing and deploying wheat varieties with multiple race-specific genes or complex adult plant resistance is necessary to achieve durability. In the present study, we applied genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for identifying loci associated with the Ug99 stem rust resistance (SR) in a panel of wheat lines developed at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT). Genotyping was carried out using the wheat 9K iSelect single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) chip. Phenotyping was done in the field in Kenya by infection of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici race TTKST, the Sr24-virulent variant of Ug99. Marker-trait association identified 12 SNP markers significantly associated with resistance. Among them, 7 were mapped on five chromosomes. Markers located on chromosomes 4A and 4B overlapped with the location of the Ug99 resistance genes SrND643 and Sr37, respectively. Markers identified on 7DL were collocated with Sr25. Additional significant markers were located in the regions where no Sr gene has been reported. The chromosome location for five of the SNP markers was unknown. A BLASTN search of the NCBI database using the flanking sequences of the SNPs associated with Ug99 resistance revealed that several markers were linked to plant disease resistance analogues, while others were linked to regulatory factors or metabolic enzymes. A KASP (Kompetitive Allele Specific PCR) assay was used for validating six marker loci linked to genes with resistance to Ug99. Of those, four co-segregated with the Sr25-pathotypes while the rest identified unknown resistance genes. With further investigation, these markers can be used for marker-assisted selection in breeding for Ug99 stem rust resistance in wheat. PMID:28241006

  8. Where are you sucking from? Using Stable Isotopes to understand Host Specificity in two Hemiparasitic plants above the tree line in Northern Sweden

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Macias Sevde, A. S.

    2012-12-01

    By Alejandro Macias, Erik Hobbie, Ruth Varner, Kaitlyn Steele Hemiparasites are known to suck nutrients from nearby plants but their host specificity is not well understood. Hemiparasites are ecosystem engineers, limiting surrounding plant's growth, and decreasing local biodiversity. To better understand this phenomenon, the host specificities of two hemiparasitic angiosperms, Bartsia alpina , and Pedicularis lapponica were studied above the tree line along an elevational gradient in Sweden. B. alpina specialized in wetter environments, as indicated by their higher δ13C signature, and their growth among Salixsp.Betula nana, Bistorta vivipara, Viola biflora, Geranium sp., and Trollious europaeus. P. lapponica was common in drier, less species rich environments, known as heaths, where B. nana, Empetrum negrum, Phyllodoce coeruela, Vaccinium myrtillus and Vaccinium vitis-idaea are the most common species. P. lapponica had higher foliage δ13C due to its better water-use efficiency in a dry environment. Field survey data and δN15 values of both the foliage of the parasitic plants and their potential hosts were used to determine host specificity. Since the δN15 value of the hemiparasitic plant and its host are similar due to parasitism, it was determined that P. lapponica had a preference for plants with an ericoid mycorrhizal association, such as Vaccinium sp, and E. negrum, but not for the common P. coeruela. This does not support the idea found in the literature that P. lapponica has a preference for grasses. B. alpina was less host specific, associating with non-mycorrhizal, ericoid, and ectomycorhizal plants, such as Carex sp, Vaccinium sp., and S. lapponum. The ectomycorrhizal species, Salix sp., and B. nana, were both potential hosts for B. alpina and P. lapponica due to their presence among them. However, the isotopic data revealed that B. alpina had a preference for Salix sp., and P. lapponica had a preference for B. nana.

  9. [Recollections of the development of clinical cytology at Merkur University Hospital].

    PubMed

    Crepinko, Inga

    2011-09-01

    My recollections of the development of clinical cytology at Merkur University Hospital cover a 30-year period, from 1955 to 1985, and succession of generations. The beginning is always exciting, pervaded by youthful enthusiasm, while memories are quite nostalgic. That is how I also felt at the "Ruzdić's" medical biochemistry laboratory. The founders of clinical cytology at Merkur University Hospital were the clinicians Erik Hauptmann (hematologist), Zdenko Skrabalo (endocrinologist) and Zvonimir Singer (gynecologist, cytogeneticist), with great contribution by Ibrahim Ruzdić (biochemist). As the first head of cytology laboratory at University Department of Medicine, I realized what was crucial for such a successful development of clinical cytology at our Hospital; it was so because new technologies were continuously introduced in agreement with clinicians, along with the basic routine cytodiagnosis, while paying special attention to staff education (postgraduate study in clinical cytology since 1967; residency in cytology since 1974; education of cytotechnologists since 1968). A number of MS theses and doctoral dissertations have been defended at our cytology laboratories. The Section of Cytology (now Croatian Society of Clinical Cytologists, Croatian Medical Association) was founded in 1970, owing to the efforts invested by E. Hauptmann. Clinical cytologists from Merkur University Hospital contributed to the foundation of the Association of Clinical Cytologists of the then Yugoslavia and organized their first congress in 1979; in 1972, we were adopted members of the EFCS, while Z. Singer and I. Crepinko are IAC members. I wish that written memories help remember the foundation and development of clinical cytology at Merkur University Hospital because we should not forget that every future has its origin.

  10. Evaluating the Risks of High Altitude Travel in Chronic Liver Disease Patients.

    PubMed

    Luks, Andrew M; Swenson, Erik R

    2015-06-01

    Luks, Andrew M., and Erik R. Swenson. Clinician's Corner: Evaluating the risks of high altitude travel in chronic liver disease patients. High Alt Med Biol 16:80-88, 2015.--With improvements in the quality of health care, people with chronic medical conditions are experiencing better quality of life and increasingly participating in a wider array of activities, including travel to high altitude. Whenever people with chronic diseases travel to this environment, it is important to consider whether the physiologic responses to hypobaric hypoxia will interact with the underlying medical condition such that the risk of acute altitude illness is increased or the medical condition itself may worsen. This review considers these questions as they pertain to patients with chronic liver disease. While the limited available evidence suggests there is no evidence of liver injury or dysfunction in normal individuals traveling as high as 5000 m, there is reason to suspect that two groups of cirrhosis patients are at increased risk for problems, hepatopulmonary syndrome patients, who are at risk for severe hypoxemia following ascent, and portopulmonary hypertension patients who may be at risk for high altitude pulmonary edema and acute right ventricular dysfunction. While liver transplant patients may tolerate high altitude exposure without difficulty, no information is available regarding the risks of long-term residence at altitude with chronic liver disease. All travelers with cirrhosis require careful pre-travel evaluation to identify conditions that might predispose to problems at altitude and develop risk mitigation strategies for these issues. Patients also require detailed counseling about recognition, prevention, and treatment of acute altitude illness and may require different medication regimens to prevent or treat altitude illness than used in healthy individuals.

  11. [Early encounters of German-language explorers with the Tibetan medicine in Siberia in the modern era].

    PubMed

    Surkova, Natalia; Chekhirova, Galina V; Aseeva, Tamara; Nikolaev, Sergey; Agalzew, Grigori; Melzer, Jörg; Vennos, Cécile; Schwabl, Herbert; Saller, Reinhard

    2012-01-01

    The spreading of Tibetan Buddhism and with it the Tibetan medicine in the region east of Lake Baikal, goes back to the 17th century. At the beginning of the 18th century, German speaking scholars were among the first to undertake scientific expeditions through Siberia. As such they were amongst the first scientists of the modern era who encountered the traditions, concepts, and therapeutic methods of Tibetan medicine. The aim of this article is to describe and analyze these first encounters with Tibetan medicine by the example of selected men of science of the 18th and 19th century. This work is based on extensive studies of sources in archives and libraries in Russia and Switzerland. We found documents related to the following scientists: Daniel Gottlieb Messerschmidt (1685-1735), Johann Georg Gmelin (1709-1755), Erik Laxmann (1737-1796), Friedrich Adelung (1768-1843), and Joseph Rehmann (1779-1831). They mentioned the distribution of Tibetan medicine within Russia, the use of medicinal plants and formulas as well as therapeutic techniques. For the scientific community of the time these first encounters of Europeans with practitioners of Tibetan medicine could not lift Tibetan medicine out of other exotic context in the field of ethnography. For today's researchers, these encounters are an important evidence for more than 300 years of development of Tibetan medicine on the vast territory of Siberia. The practice and the scientific examination of Tibetan medicine in Siberia is an active endeavor until today. The present work shows that it is possible and rewarding to follow up the historic and cultural connections from Europe to Asia via the Siberian link.

  12. Polyimide Foams Offer Superior Insulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2012-01-01

    At Langley Research Center, Erik Weiser and his colleagues in the Advanced Materials and Processing Branch were working with a new substance for fabricating composites for use in supersonic aircraft. The team, however, was experiencing some frustration. Every time they tried to create a solid composite from the polyimide (an advanced polymer) material, it bubbled and foamed. It seemed like the team had reached a dead end in their research - until they had another idea. "We said, This isn t going to work for composites, but maybe we could make a foam out of it," Weiser says. "That was kind of our eureka moment, to see if we could go in a whole other direction. And it worked." Weiser and his colleagues invented a new kind of polyimide foam insulation they named TEEK. The innovation displayed a host of advantages over existing insulation options. Compared to other commercial foams, Weiser explains, polyimide foams perform well across a broad range of temperatures, noting that the NASA TEEK foams provide effective structural insulation up to 600 F and down to cryogenic temperatures. The foam does not burn or off-gas toxic fumes, and even at -423 F - the temperature of liquid hydrogen - the material stays flexible. The inventors could produce the TEEK foam at a range of densities, from 0.5 pounds per cubic foot up to 20 pounds per cubic foot, making the foam ideal for a range of applications, including as insulation for reusable launch vehicles and for cryogenic tanks and lines. They also developed a unique, friable balloon format for manufacturing the foam, producing it as hollow microspheres that allowed the foam to be molded and then cured into any desired shape - perfect for insulating pipes of different sizes and configurations. The team s originally unplanned invention won an "R&D 100" award, and a later form of the foam, called LaRC FPF-44 (Spinoff 2009), was named "NASA Invention of the Year" in 2007.

  13. The climate of the Iberian Peninsula during the last five centuries from a regional climate model perspective.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gomez-Navarro, J. J.; Montavez, J. P.; Jerez, S.; Garcia-Valero, J. A.; Jimenez-Guerrero, P.; Zorita, E.; Gonzalez-Rouco, J. F.

    2009-09-01

    During the last years the use of paleoclimate simulations with models of different complexity has become an usual tool in paleoclimate studies. Progress in understanding climate variability leans on simulation and reconstruction efforts. Exercises blending both approaches present a great potential for answering questions relevant for both the simulation and reconstruction of past climate, and depend on the specific peculiarities of proxies and methods involved in climate reconstructions, as well as on the realism and limitations of model simulations. Most of paleoclimate integrations available in the literature covering the last millennium have been performed with relative rough resolution which does not allow to analyze regional climate features that can be of interest in the context of proxies evidence. In this work we present a new high resolution (30 km) regional climate simulation over the Iberian Peninsula of the last five. The regional simulations were performed with a climate version of the MM5 model coupled to the Noah LSM. The driving conditions used follow the Erik1 experiment, performed with the ECHO-G global circulation model. The results indicate that the seasonal modes of variation for near surface air temperature and precipitation obtained within the regional paleoclimate experiment are consistent with the obtained using the observational databases and equivalent to regional climate integrations driven by reanalysis data. On the other hand, the main modes of variation show strong signals in historical periods such as the Maunder and Dalton Minimum. Finally, some preliminary comparisons between the global and the regional model against reconstructions are also reported in this contribution.

  14. A high resolution regional paleoclimate experiment over the Iberian Peninsula

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gomez-Navarro, J. J.; Montavez, J. P.; Jerez, S.; Jimenez-Guerrero, P.; Garcia-Valero, J. A.; Gonzalez-Rouco, J. F.

    2009-04-01

    During the last years the use of paleoclimate simulations with models of different complexity has become an usual tool in paleoclimate studies. Progress in understanding climate variability leans on simulation and reconstruction efforts. Exercises blending both approaches present a great potential for answering questions relevant for both the simulation and reconstruction of past climate, and depend on the specific peculiarities of proxies and methods involved in climate reconstructions, as well as on the realism and limitations of model simulations. Most of paleoclimate integrations available in the literature covering the last millennium have been performed with relative rough resolution which does not allow to analyze regional climate features that can be of interest in the context of proxies evidence. In this work we present a new high resolution (30 km) regional climate simulation over the Iberian Peninsula of the last five centuries and two extensions to the future for the A2 and B2 SRES scenarios. The regional simulations were performed with a climate version of the MM5 model coupled to the Noah LSM. The driving conditions used follow the Erik1 experiment, performed with the ECHO-G global circulation model. The results indicate that the seasonal modes of variation for near surface air temperature and precipitation obtained within the regional paleoclimate experiment are consistent with the obtained using the observational databases and equivalent to regional climate integrations driven by reanalysis data. On the other hand, the main modes of variation show strong signals in historical periods such as the Maunder and Dalton Minimum. Finally, some preliminary comparisons between the global and the regional model against tree ring temperature reconstructions are also reported in this contribution.

  15. Comet Radar Explorer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Asphaug, Erik; CORE Science Team

    2010-10-01

    Comet Radar Explorer (CORE) is a low cost mission that uses sounding radar to image the 3D internal structure of the nucleus of Jupiter-family comet (JFC) Tempel 2. Believed to originate in the Kuiper Belt, JFCs are among the most primitive bodies in the inner solar system. CORE operates a 5 and 15 MHz Radar Reflection Imager from close orbit about the nucleus of Tempel 2, obtaining a dense network of echoes that are used to map its interior dielectric contrasts to high resolution (ង m) and resolve the dielectric constants to  m throughout the 16x8x9 km nucleus. The resulting clear images of internal structure and composition reveal how the nucleus was formed and how it has evolved. Radiometric tracking of the spacecraft orbit results in an interior mass distribution that constrains the radar-based models of interior composition. High-resolution visible and infrared color images provide the surface and exterior boundary conditions for interior models and hypotheses. They present the geology and morphology of the nucleus surface at meter-scales, and also the time-evolving activity, structure and composition of the inner coma. By making deep connections from interior to exterior, the data CORE provides will answer fundamental questions about the earliest stages of planetesimal evolution and planet formation, and lay the foundation for a comet nucleus sample return mission. CORE is led by Prof. Erik Asphaug of the University of California, Santa Cruz and is managed by JPL. It benefits from key scientific and payload contributions by ASI and CNES. The international science team has been assembled on the basis of their key involvement in past and ongoing missions to comets, and in Mars radar missions, and for their expertise in radar data analysis.

  16. The Triassic of the Kocaeli Peninsula (NW Turkey) with emphasis on Anisian conodonts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murat Kilic, Ali

    2016-04-01

    In the present structural concept, the Kocaeli Peninsula, as a part of the Istanbul Zone, was in Triassic times part of an Eurasian fragment on the northern edge of the northernmost Tethys branch. The Triassic sequence, exposed in the Kocaeli Peninsula (NW Turkey), represents well dated transgressive and regressive marine deposits. This "Kocaeli Triassic", being regarded as an important Triassic sequence has attracted the attention of a large number of scientists. The Kocaeli Triassic encompasses six formations: The red coloured Scythian Kapaklı Formation is barren and shows regressive features, resembling the underlying Permian facies; The Erikli Formation is the first marine deposition of Scythian age. The Late Scythian Demirciler Formation consists of micritic and dolomitic limestone. The unit shows bioturbation in the clayey limestone-limestone sequence. Covering a karstic surface, the Anisian Ballıkaya Formation consists of dolomite, dolomitic limestone and limestone, follow by the Tepeköy Formation that shows 4 different lithologies. At base, Anisian grey nodular and red nodular limestones equals the nodular limestones of the Kazmalı Formation laterally; The Late Anisian-Ladinian Ammonitico Rosso facies. The upper part consists of Carnian shale with Halobia and grey-green marls. Restricted to the Çerkeşli region, the Çerkeşli Formation consists of a pebbly limestones, as a lateral equivalent of the Tepeköy Formation. The Anisian platform conodonts include new taxa that are described. We also focus on several new ramiforms, adding to the multi-elemental and taxonomic diversities. The revised Anisian conodont biostratigraphy is presented. Key Words: Triassic, Anisian, Conodont, Kocaeli

  17. Microscopic and Molecular Characterization of the Prehaustorial Resistance against Wheat Leaf Rust (Puccinia triticina) in Einkorn (Triticum monococcum)

    PubMed Central

    Serfling, Albrecht; Templer, Sven E.; Winter, Peter; Ordon, Frank

    2016-01-01

    Puccinia triticina f. sp. tritici (Eriks.), the causal agent of leaf rust, causes substantial yield losses in wheat production. In wheat many major leaf rust resistance genes have been overcome by virulent races. In contrast, the prehaustorial resistance (phr) against wheat leaf rust detected in the diploid wheat Einkorn (Triticum monoccocum var. monococcum) accession PI272560 confers race-independent resistance against isolates virulent on accessions harboring resistance genes located on the A-genome of Triticum aestivum. Phr in PI272560 leads to abortion of fungal development during the formation of haustorial mother cells and to increased hydrogen peroxide concentration in comparison to the susceptible accession 36554 (Triticum boeoticum ssp. thaoudar var. reuteri). Increased peroxidase and endochitinase activity was detected in PI272560 within 6 h after inoculation (hai). Comparative transcriptome profiling using Massive Analysis of cDNA Ends (MACE) in infected and non-infected leaves detected 14220 differentially expressed tags in PI272560 and 15472 in accession 36554. Of these 2908 and 3004, respectively, could be assigned to Gene Ontology (GO) categories of which 463 were detected in both accessions and 311 were differentially expressed between the accessions. In accordance with the concept of non-host resistance in PI272560, genes with similarity to peroxidases, chitinases, β-1,3-glucanases and other pathogenesis-related genes were up-regulated within the first 8 hai, whereas up-regulation of such genes was delayed in 36554. Moreover, a Phosphoribulokinase gene contributing to non-host resistance in rice against stripe rust was exclusively expressed in the resistant accession PI272560. Gene expression underpinned physiological and phenotypic observations at the site of infection and are in accordance with the concept of non-host resistance. PMID:27881987

  18. Mollie Stevens Smart (1916-2012).

    PubMed

    Smart, Laura S; Prochaska, James O

    2013-09-01

    Presents an obituary for Mollie Stevens Smart (1916-2012). Mollie attended the University of Toronto, from which she graduated with honors in psychology at age 20 in 1936. She studied and worked at the Merrill-Palmer Institute in Detroit, earning a master's degree in child development from the University of Michigan in 1941. She earned her doctorate in educational psychology at the University of Delhi in 1969. An author, teacher, and mentor, Mollie won Fulbright research grants to India and New Zealand and lectured in the United States, India, New Zealand, Canada, and China. She wrote 26 books, most co-authored with her husband, Russell (Rus) C. Smart. Beginning in the 1940s, when Freudian theory had a strong grip on the popular view of child development, the books placed the developing child in the context of family and community systems. The Smarts' best-selling college textbook Children: Development and Relationships (1967, 1973, 1977, 1982) was based on the theories of Erik Erikson and Jean Piaget. Mollie was a member of the American Psychological Association throughout her professional career and held memberships also in the Society for Research in Child Development, the National Council on Family Relations, the Groves Conference on Marriage and Family, and the Fulbright Association. After moving to Ridgefield, Washington, in 2003 with her daughter Ellen following Rus's death in 1996, she applied her great knowledge to advise a community-based organization that serves the needs of new babies born into destitute families. Mollie died at home in Ridgefield on October 22, 2012, at age 96. © 2013 APA, all rights reserved.

  19. Child's play: the creativity of older adults.

    PubMed

    Capps, Donald

    2012-09-01

    In this article, I discuss Paul W. Pruyser's view presented in his article "An Essay on Creativity" (Pruyser in Bull Menninger Clin 43:294-353, 1979) that creative persons manifest early childhood qualities of playfulness, curiosity, and pleasure seeking and that adaptation is itself a form of creativity. I then discuss his article "Creativity in Aging Persons" (Pruyser in Bull Menninger Clin 51:425-435, 1987) in which he presents his view that aging itself is a potentially creative process, that creativity among older adults is not limited to the talented few, and that older adulthood has several specific features that are conducive to creativity. Significant among these features are object loss (especially involving human relationships) and functional loss (due to the vicissitudes of aging). Noting his particular emphasis on object loss and its role in late-life creativity, I focus on functional loss, and I emphasize the importance of adaptation in sustaining the creativity of older adults who experience such loss. I illustrate this adaptation by considering well-known painters who in late life suffered visual problems common to older adults. I suggest that in adapting to their visual problems these artists drew on the early childhood qualities (playfulness, curiosity and pleasure seeking) that all creative persons possess and that they are therefore illustrative for other older adults who are experiencing functional losses. I conclude with Erik H. Erikson's (Toys and reasons: stages in the ritualization of experience, W. W. Norton, New York, 1977) and Paul W. Pruyser's (Pastor Psychol 35:120-131, 1986) reflections on the relationship between seeing and hoping.

  20. No room at the inn: a snapshot of an American emergency room.

    PubMed

    Olson, E J

    1994-01-01

    The emergency rooms of American hospitals have frequently become the principal suppliers of nonurgent primary care to the under- and uninsured. Canvassing published reports and using original data obtained from a representative urban hospital, Erik Olson examines the demographics of the American emergency room and analyzes its finances. The costs of providing primary care are shifted, to the extent possible, to those who can pay. The result is escalating health care costs and a deterioration of quality of care due to overcrowding, leading some hospitals to close their emergency rooms and others to turn away ambulances or "dump" patients who still require critical care. Mr. Olson explains that state antidumping laws and the federal COBRA statute have been ineffective at stemming these practices in the face of severe economic pressure to continue them. Pointing out that emergency rooms are an excessively expensive method of treating uninsured nonemergency patients, he proposes a system of primary care clinics created through a public/private partnership between municipalities and existing private health care providers. The partnership is designed to maintain a high standard of care at the clinics. As an incentive to stimulate the appearance of such clinics, a tax would be imposed on private health care providers; the tax on a given provider would be reduced to the extent that provider subsidizes a local primary care clinic that offers universal coverage, regardless of insurance status. Because the existence of such clinics would reduce inefficient use of hospital emergency rooms, in the long run hospitals should find it less expensive to finance local primary care clinics than to continue to sustain unreimbursed expenses due to improper use of their emergency departments.

  1. Identification and validation of single nucleotide polymorphic markers linked to Ug99 stem rust resistance in spring wheat.

    PubMed

    Yu, Long-Xi; Chao, Shiaoman; Singh, Ravi P; Sorrells, Mark E

    2017-01-01

    Wheat stem rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici Eriks. and E. Henn.) is one of the most destructive diseases world-wide. Races belonging to Ug99 (or TTKSK) continue to cause crop losses in East Africa and threaten global wheat production. Developing and deploying wheat varieties with multiple race-specific genes or complex adult plant resistance is necessary to achieve durability. In the present study, we applied genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for identifying loci associated with the Ug99 stem rust resistance (SR) in a panel of wheat lines developed at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT). Genotyping was carried out using the wheat 9K iSelect single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) chip. Phenotyping was done in the field in Kenya by infection of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici race TTKST, the Sr24-virulent variant of Ug99. Marker-trait association identified 12 SNP markers significantly associated with resistance. Among them, 7 were mapped on five chromosomes. Markers located on chromosomes 4A and 4B overlapped with the location of the Ug99 resistance genes SrND643 and Sr37, respectively. Markers identified on 7DL were collocated with Sr25. Additional significant markers were located in the regions where no Sr gene has been reported. The chromosome location for five of the SNP markers was unknown. A BLASTN search of the NCBI database using the flanking sequences of the SNPs associated with Ug99 resistance revealed that several markers were linked to plant disease resistance analogues, while others were linked to regulatory factors or metabolic enzymes. A KASP (Kompetitive Allele Specific PCR) assay was used for validating six marker loci linked to genes with resistance to Ug99. Of those, four co-segregated with the Sr25-pathotypes while the rest identified unknown resistance genes. With further investigation, these markers can be used for marker-assisted selection in breeding for Ug99 stem rust resistance in wheat.

  2. The NetVISA automatic association tool. Next generation software testing and performance under realistic conditions.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Le Bras, Ronan; Arora, Nimar; Kushida, Noriyuki; Tomuta, Elena; Kebede, Fekadu; Feitio, Paulino

    2016-04-01

    The CTBTO's International Data Centre is in the process of developing the next generation software to perform the automatic association step. The NetVISA software uses a Bayesian approach with a forward physical model using probabilistic representations of the propagation, station capabilities, background seismicity, noise detection statistics, and coda phase statistics. The software has been in development for a few years and is now reaching the stage where it is being tested in a realistic operational context. An interactive module has been developed where the NetVISA automatic events that are in addition to the Global Association (GA) results are presented to the analysts. We report on a series of tests where the results are examined and evaluated by seasoned analysts. Consistent with the statistics previously reported (Arora et al., 2013), the first test shows that the software is able to enhance analysis work by providing additional event hypothesis for consideration by analysts. A test on a three-day data set was performed and showed that the system found 42 additional real events out of 116 examined, including 6 that pass the criterion for the Reviewed Event Bulletin of the IDC. The software was functional in a realistic, real-time mode, during the occurrence of the fourth nuclear test claimed by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on January 6th, 2016. Confirming a previous statistical observation, the software found more associated stations (51, including 35 primary stations) than GA (36, including 26 primary stations) for this event. Nimar S. Arora, Stuart Russell, Erik Sudderth. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (BSSA) April 2013, vol. 103 no. 2A pp709-729.

  3. MO-D-BRD-01: Memorial to Bengt Bjarngard - Memorial Lecture

    SciTech Connect

    Das, I

    2014-06-15

    We lost a legendary medical physicist, Dr. Bengt Erik Bjarngard, to angiosarcoma an aggressive type of cancer. He devoted his life to providing improved methods of radiation treatment for this devastating disease over the last 36 years. Bengt was born in a rural village of Bjarnum in southern Sweden, located near forest and is known for its furniture making. He migrated to USA at the age of 35 and was recruited by Dr. Samuel Hellman to lead a group of physicists that became the “mecca of medical physics” known as the Joint Center of Radiation Therapy (JCRT) at Harvard Medical School in Boston. Bengt mentored some of the best physicists in the country, and many of our modern treatments go back to the early days of research at the JCRT. These accomplishments, dating from 1969–1989, include: dose optimization using computer control; soft wedges; stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS); total-body irradiation (TBI); CT-planning; and radiation dosimetry. Bengt worked at Brown University in Rhode Island and at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, where he provided major contributions in radiation dosimetry, specifically with the head scatter model. He advocated superior calculation algorithm through the Helax treatment planning system that was on par from most commercial systems. Bengt served as AAPM president in 1979 and was a recipient of the Coolidge Award in 1998. He had a lifelong love of nature, retiring in 2000 from the University of Pennsylvania to take care of his 200 acres of homestead forest in Maine. His legacy continues through his contributions to radiation dosimetry. This session, on small field dosimetry, is a small tribute to his memory. Further details can be found in his obituary in Med Phy, 41(4), 040801, 2014.

  4. Vitamin D Deficiency in Patients with Central Retinal Vein Occlusion: A Case Control Study.

    PubMed

    Epstein, David; Kvanta, Anders; Lindqvist, Pelle G

    2017-03-01

    Central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) has been shown to occur more often in winter/spring season. We aimed to evaluate if patients with CRVO have more vitamin D deficiency compared to matched controls. Prospective match controlled study of 72 patients with CRVO and 144 matched controls. All new CRVO cases presenting at St. Erik Eye Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden during the study period were approached to participate. Statistics Sweden provided randomly selected controls matched for age, gender, and season. The first 18 cases of CRVO and 36 controls for each of the four seasons were included and blood was drawn for 25-OH vitamin D analysis (25(OH)D). About half of the patients (51.4%) in the CRVO group had vitamin D deficiency [25(OH)D < 50 nmol/l] as compared to 39.3% in the control group [odds ratio 1.64, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.91-2.94]. The mean concentrations of serum 25(OH)D were 55.3 nmol/l (95% CI 48.4-62.2) in the study group and 59.8 nmol/l (95% CI 55.4-64.2) in the control group (p = 0.28). In stratified analysis, the CRVO patients under 75 years had significantly lower 25(OH)D levels than the matched controls (47.8 nmol/l vs. 59.0 nmol/l, p = 0.02). Vitamin D deficiency is common in patients with CRVO. No significant differences in vitamin deficiency or 25(OH)D levels were found in comparison to the control group. However, the CRVO patients under 75 years had significantly lower 25(OH)D levels as compared to the control group.

  5. [History of studies of alcohol toxicology].

    PubMed

    Konopka, Tomasz

    2010-01-01

    The early history of forensic alcohology was presented, based on writings from the beginning of the 20th century and numerous forensic medical protocols from autopsies performed in Institute of Forensic Medicine in Cracow in the 19th and 20th century. Ethanol has not been considered a poison for a long time. Suspicion of its toxic effect resulted from cases of deaths as a results of people betting who can drink more alcohol. In case of alcohol poisoning, autopsy does not show any typical changes, so the poisonings have not been recognized for many years. At the beginning of the 20th century, the first chemical tests appeared. They were able to detect the presence of alcohol in tissues. A method for measuring the amount of alcohol in blood was also developed. The majority of methods were based on distillation of blood and inspection of the resultant distillate by physical methods (interferometry, colorimetry, refractometry, gravimetry, measuring thermal expansion and electrical conduction) or chemical methods using different reactions (oxidation of alcohol to acetic acid, reducing potassium dichromate by alcohol, alkylation of iodine by alcohol) and marking the amount of products of reaction by titration. Distillation of blood samples required complicated chemical devices and was very time consuming. Erik Widmark suggested a certain method in 1920, in which distillation of a blood sample took place in the same container, in which titration was performed earlier--the so-called Widmark's Flask. It allowed for distilling many samples in an incubator at the same time and dramatically shortened the time of research. Widmark's method was applied to testing drivers and people who committed crimes and was used in the whole world for many following years.

  6. Pharmacokinetics, phenotype and product choice in haemophilia B: how to strike a balance?

    PubMed

    Berntorp, E; Dolan, G; Hermans, C; Laffan, M; Santagostino, E; Tiede, A

    2014-11-01

    At the 7th Annual Congress of the European Association for Haemophilia and Allied Disorders (EAHAD) held in Brussels, Belgium, in February 2014, Pfizer sponsored a satellite symposium entitled: "Pharmacokinetics, phenotype and product choice in haemophilia B: How to strike a balance?" Co-chaired by Cedric Hermans (Cliniques Universitaires Saint Luc, Brussels, Belgium) and Mike Laffan (Imperial College, London, UK), the symposium provided an opportunity to debate whether pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters are good surrogates for clinical efficacy for haemophilia B in clinical practice, consider the perceptions and evidence of disease severity, and examine how these considerations can inform approaches to balancing the potential risks and benefits of the currently available treatment options for haemophilia B. PK parameters are routinely measured in clinical practice and are a requirement of regulatory bodies to demonstrate the clinical efficacy of products; however, the relationship between measured PK parameters and clinical efficacy is yet to be determined, an issue that was debated by Gerry Dolan (University Hospital, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK) and Erik Berntorp (Lund University, Malmö Centre for Thrombosis and Haemostasis, Malmö, Sweden). Elena Santagostino (Universita degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy) reviewed how differing perceptions on the severity of haemophilia B compared with haemophilia A may have an impact on clinical decision-making. Finally, Andreas Tiede (Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany), examined the considerations for balancing the potential risks and benefits of the currently available treatment options for haemophilia B. Although the pathophysiology of haemophilia B has been widely studied and is largely understood, continued investigation and discussion around the optimal management course and appropriate therapeutic choice is warranted.

  7. Conserved loci of leaf and stem rust fungi of wheat share synteny interrupted by lineage-specific influx of repeat elements

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Wheat leaf rust (Puccinia triticina Eriks; Pt) and stem rust fungi (P. graminis f.sp. tritici; Pgt) are significant economic pathogens having similar host ranges and life cycles, but different alternate hosts. The Pt genome, currently estimated at 135 Mb, is significantly larger than Pgt, at 88 Mb, but the reason for the expansion is unknown. Three genomic loci of Pt conserved proteins were characterized to gain insight into gene content, genome complexity and expansion. Results A bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library was made from P. triticina race 1, BBBD and probed with Pt homologs of genes encoding two predicted Pgt secreted effectors and a DNA marker mapping to a region of avirulence. Three BACs, 103 Kb, 112 Kb, and 166 Kb, were sequenced, assembled, and open reading frames were identified. Orthologous genes were identified in Pgt and local conservation of gene order (microsynteny) was observed. Pairwise protein identities ranged from 26 to 99%. One Pt BAC, containing a RAD18 ortholog, shares syntenic regions with two Pgt scaffolds, which could represent both haplotypes of Pgt. Gene sequence is diverged between the species as well as within the two haplotypes. In all three BAC clones, gene order is locally conserved, however, gene shuffling has occurred relative to Pgt. These regions are further diverged by differing insertion loci of LTR-retrotransposon, Gypsy, Copia, Mutator, and Harbinger mobile elements. Uncharacterized Pt open reading frames were also found; these proteins are high in lysine and similar to multiple proteins in Pgt. Conclusions The three Pt loci are conserved in gene order, with a range of gene sequence divergence. Conservation of predicted haustoria expressed secreted protein genes between Pt and Pgt is extended to the more distant poplar rust, Melampsora larici-populina. The loci also reveal that genome expansion in Pt is in part due to higher occurrence of repeat-elements in this species. PMID:23356831

  8. Development of COS-SNP and HRM markers for high-throughput and reliable haplotype-based detection of Lr14a in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.).

    PubMed

    Terracciano, Irma; Maccaferri, Marco; Bassi, Filippo; Mantovani, Paola; Sanguineti, Maria C; Salvi, Silvio; Simková, Hana; Doležel, Jaroslav; Massi, Andrea; Ammar, Karim; Kolmer, James; Tuberosa, Roberto

    2013-04-01

    Leaf rust (Puccinia triticina Eriks. & Henn.) is a major disease affecting durum wheat production. The Lr14a-resistant gene present in the durum wheat cv. Creso and its derivative cv. Colosseo is one of the best characterized leaf-rust resistance sources deployed in durum wheat breeding. Lr14a has been mapped close to the simple sequence repeat markers gwm146, gwm344 and wmc10 in the distal portion of the chromosome arm 7BL, a gene-dense region. The objectives of this study were: (1) to enrich the Lr14a region with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and high-resolution melting (HRM)-based markers developed from conserved ortholog set (COS) genes and from sequenced Diversity Array Technology (DArT(®)) markers; (2) to further investigate the gene content and colinearity of this region with the Brachypodium and rice genomes. Ten new COS-SNP and five HRM markers were mapped within an 8.0 cM interval spanning Lr14a. Two HRM markers pinpointed the locus in an interval of <1.0 cM and eight COS-SNPs were mapped 2.1-4.1 cM distal to Lr14a. Each marker was tested for its capacity to predict the state of Lr14a alleles (in particular, Lr14-Creso associated to resistance) in a panel of durum wheat elite germplasm including 164 accessions. Two of the most informative markers were converted into KASPar(®) markers. Single assay markers ubw14 and wPt-4038-HRM designed for agarose gel electrophoresis/KASPar(®) assays and high-resolution melting analysis, respectively, as well as the double-marker combinations ubw14/ubw18, ubw14/ubw35 and wPt-4038-HRM-ubw35 will be useful for germplasm haplotyping and for molecular-assisted breeding.

  9. Microscopic and Molecular Characterization of the Prehaustorial Resistance against Wheat Leaf Rust (Puccinia triticina) in Einkorn (Triticum monococcum).

    PubMed

    Serfling, Albrecht; Templer, Sven E; Winter, Peter; Ordon, Frank

    2016-01-01

    Puccinia triticina f. sp. tritici (Eriks.), the causal agent of leaf rust, causes substantial yield losses in wheat production. In wheat many major leaf rust resistance genes have been overcome by virulent races. In contrast, the prehaustorial resistance (phr) against wheat leaf rust detected in the diploid wheat Einkorn (Triticum monoccocum var. monococcum) accession PI272560 confers race-independent resistance against isolates virulent on accessions harboring resistance genes located on the A-genome of Triticum aestivum. Phr in PI272560 leads to abortion of fungal development during the formation of haustorial mother cells and to increased hydrogen peroxide concentration in comparison to the susceptible accession 36554 (Triticum boeoticum ssp. thaoudar var. reuteri). Increased peroxidase and endochitinase activity was detected in PI272560 within 6 h after inoculation (hai). Comparative transcriptome profiling using Massive Analysis of cDNA Ends (MACE) in infected and non-infected leaves detected 14220 differentially expressed tags in PI272560 and 15472 in accession 36554. Of these 2908 and 3004, respectively, could be assigned to Gene Ontology (GO) categories of which 463 were detected in both accessions and 311 were differentially expressed between the accessions. In accordance with the concept of non-host resistance in PI272560, genes with similarity to peroxidases, chitinases, β-1,3-glucanases and other pathogenesis-related genes were up-regulated within the first 8 hai, whereas up-regulation of such genes was delayed in 36554. Moreover, a Phosphoribulokinase gene contributing to non-host resistance in rice against stripe rust was exclusively expressed in the resistant accession PI272560. Gene expression underpinned physiological and phenotypic observations at the site of infection and are in accordance with the concept of non-host resistance.

  10. Towards a psychoanalytic understanding of Fascism and anti-Semitism: perceptions from the 1940s.

    PubMed

    Fisher, David James

    2004-01-01

    After selecting five representative European psychoanalytic thinkers, all of whom emigrated to the United States, this essay surveys their earliest perceptions and interpretations of the historical and psychological roots of Fascism, with particular emphasis on anti-Semitism. My samples almost all derive from the period before, during, and immediately after World War II. In examining the writings of Otto Fenichel, Ernst Simmel, Erik Homburger Erikson, Rudolf Loewenstein and Bruno Bettelheim, it discusses the various environmental and psychological dimensions of their understandings of racial prejudice. The paper argues that each thinker attempted to integrate historical, sociological, cultural and clinical factors into their psychodynamic formulations about the individual and group mind of the Fascist anti-Semite. This generation of psychoanalysts explained Fascist anti-Semitism by exploring the mechanisms of projection, the process of massive splitting mechanisms of the group mind, fantasies of delinquent adolescent aggrandizement in Hitler, sado-masochistic and perverse oedipal dynamics, and a macabre identification with the torturers on the part of Jewish inmates in the concentration camps, that obliterated the individual's sense of autonomy and capacity to respond morally. The paper points out the pronounced ambivalence of this generation of Jewish analysts and intellectuals toward their own Jewish backgrounds and sense of themselves as Jews. It also argues that this generation muted its left-wing and socialist political tendencies once they arrived in America, taking a turn against politics. It suggests that some of the features of this Jewish ambivalence can be seen in the exploration of a so-called "Jewish psychology," itself a disguised form of racism, a derivative of projection, which may have had rather negative and authoritarian consequences for the psychoanalytic movement in America.

  11. Employment relations, social class and health: a review and analysis of conceptual and measurement alternatives.

    PubMed

    Muntaner, Carles; Borrell, Carme; Vanroelen, Christophe; Chung, Haejoo; Benach, Joan; Kim, Il Ho; Ng, Edwin

    2010-12-01

    Employment relations, as a theoretical framework for social class, represent a complementary approach to social stratification. Employment relations introduce social relations of ownership and control over productive assets to the analysis of inequalities in economic (e.g., income), power (occupational hierarchy), and cultural (e.g., education) resources. The objectives of this paper are to briefly clarify the theoretical background on socio-economic indicators used in social epidemiology and to conduct a review of empirical studies that adopt relational social class indicators in the socio-epidemiological literature. Measures of employment relations in social determinants of health research can be classified within two major conceptual frameworks: 1) "Neo-Weberian", like the National Statistics Socio-Economic Classification (NS-SEC) which is widely used in the United Kingdom; and 2) "Neo-Marxian", like Erik O. Wright's social class indicators, which are being used by social epidemiologists in the Americas and Europe. Our review of empirical findings (49 articles found) reveals that the relation between employment relations and health does not necessarily imply a graded relationship. For example, small employers can exhibit worse health than highly skilled workers, and supervisors can display worse health than frontline workers. The policy implications of employment relations research are therefore different, and complement those of income or education health gradient studies. While the latter studies tend to emphasize income redistribution policy options, employment relations implicate other factors such as workplace democracy and social protection. Our analysis confirms that the current transformation of employment relations calls for new social class concepts and measures to explain social inequalities in health and to generate policies to reduce them. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Meaningful activities for improving the wellbeing of people with dementia: beyond mere pleasure to meeting fundamental psychological needs.

    PubMed

    Nyman, Samuel R; Szymczynska, Paulina

    2016-03-01

    Dementia is being increasingly recognised as a major public health issue for our ageing populations. A critical aspect of supporting people with dementia is facilitating their participation in meaningful activities. However, research to date has not drawn on theories of ageing from developmental psychology that would help undergird the importance of such meaningful activity. For the first time, we connect existing activity provision for people with dementia with developmental psychology theories of ageing. We reviewed the literature in two stages: first, we narratively searched the literature to demonstrate the relevance of psychological theories of ageing for provision of meaningful activities for people with dementia, and in particular focused on stage-based theories of adult development (Carl Jung and Erik Erikson), gerotranscendence (Tornstam), selective optimisation with compensation (Baltes and Baltes), and optimisation in primary and secondary control (Heckhausen and Schulz). Second, we systematically searched PubMed and PsycINFO for studies with people with dementia that made use of the aforementioned theories. The narrative review highlights that activity provision for people with dementia goes beyond mere pleasure to meeting fundamental psychological needs. More specifically, that life review therapy and life story work address the need for life review; spiritual/religious activities address the need for death preparation; intergenerational activities address the need for intergenerational relationships; re-acquaintance with previously conducted leisure activities addresses the need for a sense of control and to achieve life goals; and pursuit of new leisure activities addresses the need to be creative. The systematic searches identified two studies that demonstrated the utility of applying Erikson's theory of psychosocial development to dementia care. We argue for the importance of activity provision for people with dementia to help promote wellbeing

  13. Resistance to recombinant stem rust race TPPKC in hard red spring wheat.

    PubMed

    Klindworth, D L; Miller, J D; Williams, N D; Xu, S S

    2011-08-01

    The wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) stem rust (Puccinia graminis Pers.:Pers. f.sp. tritici Eriks. and Henn.) resistance gene SrWld1 conditions resistance to all North American stem rust races and is an important gene in hard red spring (HRS) wheat cultivars. A sexually recombined race having virulence to SrWld1 was isolated in the 1980s. Our objective was to determine the genetics of resistance to the race. The recombinant race was tested with the set of stem rust differentials and with a set of 36 HRS and 6 durum cultivars. Chromosomal location studies in cultivars Len, Coteau, and Stoa were completed using aneuploid analysis, molecular markers, and allelism tests. Stem rust differential tests coded the race as TPPKC, indicating it differed from TPMKC by having added virulence on Sr30 as well as SrWld1. Genes effective against TPPKC were Sr6, Sr9a, Sr9b, Sr13, Sr24, Sr31, and Sr38. Genetic studies of resistance to TPPKC indicated that Len, Coteau, and Stoa likely carried Sr9b, that Coteau and Stoa carried Sr6, and Stoa carried Sr24. Tests of HRS and durum cultivars indicated that five HRS and one durum cultivar were susceptible to TPPKC. Susceptible HRS cultivars were postulated to have SrWld1 as their major stem rust resistance gene. Divide, the susceptible durum cultivar, was postulated to lack Sr13. We concluded that although TPPKC does not constitute a threat similar to TTKSK and its variants, some cultivars would be lost from production if TPPKC became established in the field.

  14. The influence of orography in evolution of a Shapiro-Keyser Mediterranean cyclone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brancus, Mihaela; Stefan, Sabina

    2017-04-01

    The Shapiro- Keyser cyclone model (Shapiro and Keyser, 1990) was developed to describe mid-latitude cyclones that not evolve according to classical Norwegian cyclone model due to dynamical factors such as: large-scale flow in which cyclone is embedded, magnitude of surface friction, diabatic heating and orography. The influence of the latest factor in evolution of a Mediterranean cyclone that had an evolution resembling to aforementioned model is studied in this paper. During 12-13 November 2016 in Gulf of Genoa a cyclone developed and followed a trans-Balkan trajectory toward southern part of Romania. Due to initiating factors (presence of jet-streak, deep sinking of stratospheric air, low-level baroclinic zone) and the influence of the Black Sea maritime environment, the cyclone evolution (with a confluent background flow) underwent the frontal fracture stage with a T-bone structure. Stage III and IV were influenced by the presence of Carpathian Mountains when the tip of the bent-back front was positioned perpendicular to Meridional Carpathians - the highest mountains (2500 m). Consequently, the intense wind gusts exceeding 25 m s-1 were recorded both in northern and southern part of the mountains. The maps with evolution of meteorological fields of parameters associated emphasized the structure of a Shapiro-Keyser cyclone but orography affected the bent-back front development. These strong wind gusts cannot be related with that transient feature of an intense Shapiro-Keyser cyclone (Sting Jet) because a rapid deepening did not occur. Key words: Mediterranean cyclone, Shapiro-Keyser cyclone model, wind gusts References: Shapiro, M.A. and Keyser, D. (1990). Fronts, jet streams and the tropopause. Extratropical Cyclones, The Erik Palmén Memorial Volume, C. W. Newton and E. O. Holopainen, Eds., Amer. Meteor. Soc., 167-191.

  15. Discriminatory simplex and multiplex PCR for four species of the genus Sclerotinia.

    PubMed

    Abd-Elmagid, Ahmed; Garrido, Patricia A; Hunger, Robert; Lyles, Justin L; Mansfield, Michele A; Gugino, Beth K; Smith, Damon L; Melouk, Hassan A; Garzon, Carla D

    2013-03-01

    Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de Bary, S. minor Jagger, S. trifoliorum Eriks, and S. homoeocarpa F.T. Benn are the most relevant plant pathogenic species within the genus Sclerotinia because of their large range of economically important hosts, including tomato, peanut, alfalfa, and turfgrass, among others. Species identification based on morphological characteristics is challenging and time demanding, especially when one crop hosts multiple species. The objective of this study was to design specific primers compatible with multiplexing, for rapid, sensitive and accurate detection and discrimination among four Sclerotinia species. Specific primers were designed for the aspartyl protease gene of S. sclerotiorum, the calmodulin gene of S. trifoliorum, the elongation factor-1 alpha gene of S. homoeocarpa, and the laccase 2 gene of S. minor. The specificity and sensitivity of each primer set was tested individually and in multiplex against isolates of each species and validated using genomic DNA from infected plants. Each primer set consistently amplified DNA of its target gene only. DNA fragments of different sizes were amplified: a 264 bp PCR product for S. minor, a 218 bp product for S. homoeocarpa, a 171 bp product for S. sclerotiorum, and a 97 bp product for S. trifoliorum. These primer sets can be used individually or in multiplex for identification of Sclerotinia spp. in pure culture or from infected plants. The multiplex assay had a lower sensitivity limit than the simplex assays (0.0001 pg/μL DNA of each species). The multiplex assay developed is an accurate and rapid tool to differentiate between the most relevant plant pathogenic Sclerotinia species in a single PCR reaction.

  16. "I can't Take Hold of Some Kind of a Life": The Role of Social Connectedness and Confidence in Engaging "Lost" Adolescents with Their Lives.

    PubMed

    Ja, Nicole M; Jose, Paul E

    2017-03-23

    Erik Erikson's theoretical writings on identity have provided a rich foundation upon which decades of research on identity development have been built. However, literature is lacking regarding adolescents who are aware that they lack knowledge about the self (i.e., values, likes, and dislikes) to the extent that they are stuck and directionless, and therefore unable to engage in the process of identity formation, what we refer to as a state of "lostness." Furthermore, while it has been established that supportive relationships facilitate identity development, less is known about whether various domains of social connectedness may diminish "lostness" over time, and if so, what may be the specific processes or conditions within each connectedness domain that supports this aspect of identity development. To address this gap in the literature, this study drew upon self-report data collected from New Zealand adolescents who provided data for two out of three annual time points of measurement (N = 1996; 52% female; 52% European New Zealanders, 30% Māori, and 18% Pacific Islanders and Asian New Zealanders) to examine the longitudinal relationships among three domains of social connectedness (i.e., family, school, and peers), "lostness," and a potential mediator, confidence. The results showed that all three domains of social connectedness predicted diminished "lostness" over time, and confidence mediated these relationships. An examination of the opposite direction of influence showed that "lostness" predicted a decrease in confidence and the three domains of social connectedness, as well. Gender, age, and ethnic group were shown to be moderators of different parts of the model. This study addresses the paucity of research examining "lost" adolescents, while providing insight into the underlying processes through which three key social contexts-family, school, and peers-exert their influence, and are influenced by, identity processes through confidence.

  17. Managing Parkinson's disease with continuous dopaminergic stimulation.

    PubMed

    Wolters, Erik; Lees, Andrew J; Volkmann, Jens; van Laar, Teus; Hovestadt, Ad

    2008-04-01

    The pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease is marked by the loss of dopaminergic neurons, which leads to striatal dopaminergic deficiency. This causes resting tremor, hypokinesia, rigidity, bradykinesia, and loss of postural reflexes. Most current treatments for Parkinson's disease aim to restore striatal dopamine signaling by increasing the supply of dopamine with oral levodopa (L-dopa), stimulating dopamine receptors directly using dopamine agonists, or inhibiting the reuptake of endogenous dopamine. L-dopa is standard therapy for patients with Parkinson's disease. However, with continued treatment and disease progression, the response to oral dopaminergic drugs becomes unstable and motor fluctuations emerge, including off periods and dyskinesia. Direct duodenal-administered infusible L-dopa/carbidopa is effective for the management of refractory motor fluctuations in some patient populations. However, enteral infusions cannot mimic the function of the normal dopaminergic brain, and around-the-clock constant-rate administration carries the risk of causing refractory off periods associated with severe immobility and hyperpyrexia. Subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) is also a promising treatment. DBS passes a high-frequency electrical current into the target area, mimicking the effect of lesioning the stimulated area. However, this treatment requires invasive surgery and is appropriate for a limited segment of the patient population. This supplement provides a rationale for the use of continuous dopaminergic receptor stimulation and offers guidelines on the individualization of treatment decisions, with special focus on continuous L-dopa infusion and STN DBS. Erik Wolters, MD, PhD, offers an introduction to the impact of continuous L-dopa infusion. Andrew J. Lees, MD, FRCP, provides an overview of the physiologic response to L-dopa and reviews clinical pharmacologic studies of intravenous and intraduodenal L-dopa. Jens Volkmann, MD, discusses

  18. Interdisciplinarity, Debate And Movie Clips As Highly Motivating Factors In Live Shows - Five Years Of Success

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stengler, E.; Sirera, J. M.

    2011-09-01

    A live show on any subject that includes experiments and continuous interaction with the audience is a well known approach for EPO activities that many are carrying out all over. We present such an initiative with some added ingredients such as interdisciplinarity, the use of movie clips, and especially the debate between the two presenters, a debate that is all the more attractive to the public if it not fully staged but closely represents their actual points of view. José Montesinos, from the "Orotava" Canarian Foundation for the History of Science, is and plays the role of the more mature math professor who has grown weary of the overrated value given in science to mathematics and its consequences. This poses a constant challenge to his colleague, Erik Stengler, from the Science Museum of Tenerife, the young down-to-earth hands-on scientist, who defends the usual view that science and technology are to be judged by their achievements, which have brought about the advancement of modern society. With this approach and as a collaboration between our institutions, we have produced and toured highly successful activities on: Einstein and Relativity (from 2005 to 2008, "Einstein Goes To School," including a theatre play); circularity, the number π, forces of inertia and the Newtonian revolution (in 2008/2009, "The Tension Between Circularity and The Straight Line"); and the foundations of modern astronomy (in 2009/2010 "Kepler and Galileo, Messengers of the Stars"). Audiences were very varied - students, adult students, general public, prison inmates, teachers - and all appreciated the presentations as fun, thought-provoking and highly motivating, and valued especially the interdisciplinary character of the activity. Movie clips have shown to be especially useful to recover the attention of the young when they lose the thread due to the short attention spans they presently have.

  19. g_contacts: Fast contact search in bio-molecular ensemble data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blau, Christian; Grubmuller, Helmut

    2013-12-01

    Short-range interatomic interactions govern many bio-molecular processes. Therefore, identifying close interaction partners in ensemble data is an essential task in structural biology and computational biophysics. A contact search can be cast as a typical range search problem for which efficient algorithms have been developed. However, none of those has yet been adapted to the context of macromolecular ensembles, particularly in a molecular dynamics (MD) framework. Here a set-decomposition algorithm is implemented which detects all contacting atoms or residues in maximum O(Nlog(N)) run-time, in contrast to the O(N2) complexity of a brute-force approach. Catalogue identifier: AEQA_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEQA_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen’s University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 8945 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 981604 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: C99. Computer: PC. Operating system: Linux. RAM: ≈Size of input frame Classification: 3, 4.14. External routines: Gromacs 4.6[1] Nature of problem: Finding atoms or residues that are closer to one another than a given cut-off. Solution method: Excluding distant atoms from distance calculations by decomposing the given set of atoms into disjoint subsets. Running time:≤O(Nlog(N)) References: [1] S. Pronk, S. Pall, R. Schulz, P. Larsson, P. Bjelkmar, R. Apostolov, M. R. Shirts, J.C. Smith, P. M. Kasson, D. van der Spoel, B. Hess and Erik Lindahl, Gromacs 4.5: a high-throughput and highly parallel open source molecular simulation toolkit, Bioinformatics 29 (7) (2013).

  20. Observations of transits of K2 exoplanet discoveries EPIC 203371098b&c

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Werner, Michael; Gorjian, Varoujan; Beichmani, Charles; Akeson, Rachel; Ciardi, Dave; Christiansen, Jessie; Crossfield, Ian; Petigura, Erik; Krick, Jessica

    2015-08-01

    We request DDT time to observe transits of two super-Neptune planets orbiting a bright G star, EPIC 203371098. Erik Petigura has brought to our attention a particularly interesting K2 discovery that consists of two sub-Saturn-sized planets (5.9 RE and 7.8 RE) orbiting EPIC-203371098, a bright G star (K = 9.2). The orbital periods of the planets are 20.9 d and 42.4 d, respectively. The planets have sizes between that of Neptune and Saturn; sizes not represented among the Solar System planets. Due to the brightness of the host star, this system is an ideal laboratory to study this new class of planets. Over the past two months, our team has conducted radial velocity (RV) follow up of EPIC-203371098 with Keck/HIRES. Our preliminary measurements suggest these planets have low densities, ~0.6 g/cc and ~0.4 g/cc, respectively. Low planet masses translate into larger atmospheric scale heights, which sets the amplitude of the features in planet transmission spectra. The apparent commensurability of their orbits suggest that this is a resonant system where transit timing variations may be particularly large. Our Spitzer observations, compared with the previous K2 first epoch observations, can provide initial evidence for TTVs and set the stage for future campaigns from Spitzer and other telescopes which will independently determine the planetary masses; they will also pin down the ephemerides of these interesting planets - including the hard to capture orbital eccentricity - for possible JWST study.It is important to carry out these observations in the upcoming apparition of this star in the October-December time frame because multiple observations are required for accurate studies of TTVs, and to prevent secular errors in timing from building up to a point where the system is hard to recover. The size of these planets and the brightness of the star shows us that we will achieve S/N>20 per transit on each planet.We will propose to observe one transit of each planet

  1. [Gender dysphoria in pervasive developmental disorders].

    PubMed

    Tateno, Masaru; Ikeda, Hiroshi; Saito, Toshikazu

    2011-01-01

    Pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) are characterized by two essential symptoms: impairment in social interaction, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities. PDD include autistic disorder, Asperger's disorder, and PDD-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). These three disorders are sometimes termed autism spectrum disorders. A recent epidemiological survey demonstrated that the rate of PDD may be almost 1% and that many PDD cases might not be diagnosed properly in childhood. Erik Erikson described eight stages of psychosocial development through which a normally developing human should pass from infancy to adulthood. In the theory, an adolescent shows 'Identity vs. Role Confusion'. It has been reported that individuals with PDD often have identity crises which sometimes include gender dysphoria. This phenomenon might be related to the so-called identity diffusion in youth. When they reach their young youth, it has been said that subjects with PDD realize their uniqueness and differences compared to others, and, as a result, they may develop confusion of identity which could be exhibited as gender identity disorder. A recent study demonstrated that, amongst 204 children and adolescents who visited a GID clinic in the Netherlands, 7.8% were diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders after a careful diagnostic procedure by a multi-disciplinary team. Taken together, PDD and GID seem closely related to each other. In this paper, we present four PDD cases with gender dysphoria and related symptoms: 1) a girl with PDD who repeatedly asserted gender identity disorder (GID) symptoms in response to social isolation at school, 2) a junior high school boy with PDD and transvestism, 3) a boy diagnosed with Asperger's disorder who developed a disturbance of sexual orientation, and 4) a boy with Asperger's disorder and comorbid childhood GID. Many of the clinical symptoms related to gender dysphoria might be explained by the

  2. Identification of New Resistance Loci to African Stem Rust Race TTKSK in Tetraploid Wheats Based on Linkage and Genome-Wide Association Mapping

    PubMed Central

    Laidò, Giovanni; Panio, Giosuè; Marone, Daniela; Russo, Maria A.; Ficco, Donatella B. M.; Giovanniello, Valentina; Cattivelli, Luigi; Steffenson, Brian; de Vita, Pasquale; Mastrangelo, Anna M.

    2015-01-01

    Stem rust, caused by Puccinia graminis Pers. f. sp. tritici Eriks. and E. Henn. (Pgt), is one of the most destructive diseases of wheat. Races of the pathogen in the “Ug99 lineage” are of international concern due to their virulence for widely used stem rust resistance genes and their spread throughout Africa. Disease resistant cultivars provide one of the best means for controlling stem rust. To identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) conferring resistance to African stem rust race TTKSK at the seedling stage, we evaluated an association mapping (AM) panel consisting of 230 tetraploid wheat accessions under greenhouse conditions. A high level of phenotypic variation was observed in response to race TTKSK in the AM panel, allowing for genome-wide association mapping of resistance QTL in wild, landrace, and cultivated tetraploid wheats. Thirty-five resistance QTL were identified on all chromosomes, and seventeen are of particular interest as identified by multiple associations. Many of the identified resistance loci were coincident with previously identified rust resistance genes; however, nine on chromosomes 1AL, 2AL, 4AL, 5BL, and 7BS may be novel. To validate AM results, a biparental population of 146 recombinant inbred lines was also considered, which derived from a cross between the resistant cultivar “Cirillo” and susceptible “Neodur.” The stem rust resistance of Cirillo was conferred by a single gene on the distal region of chromosome arm 6AL in an interval map coincident with the resistance gene Sr13, and confirmed one of the resistance loci identified by AM. A search for candidate resistance genes was carried out in the regions where QTL were identified, and many of them corresponded to NBS-LRR genes and protein kinases with LRR domains. The results obtained in the present study are of great interest as a high level of genetic variability for resistance to race TTKSK was described in a germplasm panel comprising most of the tetraploid wheat sub

  3. A novel Robertsonian translocation event leads to transfer of a stem rust resistance gene (Sr52) effective against race Ug99 from Dasypyrum villosum into bread wheat.

    PubMed

    Qi, L L; Pumphrey, M O; Friebe, Bernd; Zhang, P; Qian, C; Bowden, R L; Rouse, M N; Jin, Y; Gill, B S

    2011-06-01

    Stem rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici Eriks. & E. Henn.) (the causal agent of wheat stem rust) race Ug99 (also designated TTKSK) and its derivatives have defeated several important stem rust resistance genes widely used in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production, rendering much of the worldwide wheat acreage susceptible. In order to identify new resistance sources, a large collection of wheat relatives and genetic stocks maintained at the Wheat Genetic and Genomic Resources Center was screened. The results revealed that most accessions of the diploid relative Dasypyrum villosum (L.) Candargy were highly resistant. The screening of a set of wheat-D. villosum chromosome addition lines revealed that the wheat-D. villosum disomic addition line DA6V#3 was moderately resistant to race Ug99. The objective of the present study was to produce and characterize compensating wheat-D. villosum whole arm Robertsonian translocations (RobTs) involving chromosomes 6D of wheat and 6V#3 of D. villosum through the mechanism of centric breakage-fusion. Seven 6V#3-specific EST-STS markers were developed for screening F(2) progeny derived from plants double-monosomic for chromosomes 6D and 6V#3. Surprisingly, although 6D was the target chromosome, all recovered RobTs involved chromosome 6A implying a novel mechanism for the origin of RobTs. Homozygous translocations (T6AS·6V#3L and T6AL·6V#3S) with good plant vigor and full fertility were selected from F(3) families. A stem rust resistance gene was mapped to the long arm 6V#3L in T6AS·6V#3L and was designated as Sr52. Sr52 is temperature-sensitive and is most effective at 16°C, partially effective at 24°C, and ineffective at 28°C. The T6AS·6V#3L stock is a new source of resistance to Ug99, is cytogenetically stable, and may be useful in wheat improvement.

  4. Involving regional expertise in nationwide modeling for adequate prediction of climate change effects on different demands for fresh water

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Lange, W. J.

    2014-05-01

    Wim J. de Lange, Geert F. Prinsen, Jacco H. Hoogewoud, Ab A Veldhuizen, Joachim Hunink, Erik F.W. Ruijgh, Timo Kroon Nationwide modeling aims to produce a balanced distribution of climate change effects (e.g. harm on crops) and possible compensation (e.g. volume fresh water) based on consistent calculation. The present work is based on the Netherlands Hydrological Instrument (NHI, www.nhi.nu), which is a national, integrated, hydrological model that simulates distribution, flow and storage of all water in the surface water and groundwater systems. The instrument is developed to assess the impact on water use on land-surface (sprinkling crops, drinking water) and in surface water (navigation, cooling). The regional expertise involved in the development of NHI come from all parties involved in the use, production and management of water, such as waterboards, drinking water supply companies, provinces, ngo's, and so on. Adequate prediction implies that the model computes changes in the order of magnitude that is relevant to the effects. In scenarios related to drought, adequate prediction applies to the water demand and the hydrological effects during average, dry, very dry and extremely dry periods. The NHI acts as a part of the so-called Deltamodel (www.deltamodel.nl), which aims to predict effects and compensating measures of climate change both on safety against flooding and on water shortage during drought. To assess the effects, a limited number of well-defined scenarios is used within the Deltamodel. The effects on demand of fresh water consist of an increase of the demand e.g. for surface water level control to prevent dike burst, for flushing salt in ditches, for sprinkling of crops, for preserving wet nature and so on. Many of the effects are dealt with by regional and local parties. Therefore, these parties have large interest in the outcome of the scenario analyses. They are participating in the assessment of the NHI previous to the start of the analyses

  5. Fingerprints of Greenlandic and Icelandic Sediment Sources to the North Atlantic through Five Glacial Terminations and Interglacials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hatfield, R. G.; Stoner, J. S.; Carlson, A. E.; Reyes, A.

    2011-12-01

    Ice sheet models vary substantially in their predictions of the size of the Greenland Ice Sheet (GIS) during previous interglacials. This uncertainty makes it difficult to constrain the sensitivity of the GIS to projected climate warming and asses the role of the GIS in future sea level rise. The geological record provides an alternative method to ground truth the relative extent of the GIS during previous interglacials. Ocean cores from the Eirik Drift contain a record of exported terrestrial sediments with variations in their properties linked to the size and nature of the GIS. The silt fraction (3-63 μm) is a significant product of glacial erosion, has limited distal transport potential and forms a major component of Erik Drift sediments. Therefore properties of the silt fraction are most useful to estimate relative fluxes from different source areas and potentially relate the source of erosion to the size of the GIS. Here we construct and compare particle-sized magnetic 'fingerprints' of Greenlandic and Icelandic terrestrial sources to the particle sized magnetic record of MD99-2227 and HU90-013-013 through glacial terminations I - V and subsequent interglacials, spanning 420kyrs. The magnetic properties of both the source areas and the core sediments possess strong particle size dependence with the silt fraction carrying much of the magnetic signal. Magnetic hysteresis measurements show the five terminations to be relatively similar and homogeneous compared to other time periods; possibly reflecting a strong Greenlandic terrestrial source. Although Icelandic (basaltic) sediment sources dominate the record (similar to the findings of Colville et al., 2011), Precambrian Greenlandic contributions increase during terminations, which are linked to ablation of the GIS. Greenlandic sources are highest during TII (Marine Isotope Stages, MIS, 6-5e) and TV (MIS 12-11) concurrent with benthic δ18O data (e.g. Lisiecki and Raymo, 2005) suggesting minimum global ice

  6. Soil development as limiting factor for shrub expansion in southwestern Greenland

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caviezel, Chatrina; Hunziker, Matthias; Zoller, Oliver; Wüthrich, Christoph; Kuhn, Nikolaus J.

    2014-05-01

    . Swingedouw, A. Landais, M. S. Seidenkrantz, E. Gauthier, V. Bichet, C. Massa, B. Perren, V. Jomelli, and G. Adalgeirsdottir. 2012. "Greenland Climate Change: From the Past to the Future." Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.186/full. Normand, Signe, Christophe Randin, Ralf Ohlemüller, Christian Bay, Toke T. Høye, Erik D. Kjær, Christian Körner, et al. 2013. "A Greener Greenland? Climatic Potential and Long-Term Constraints on Future Expansions of Trees and Shrubs." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 368 (1624) (August 19): 20120479. doi:10.1098/rstb.2012.0479.

  7. Modularity and anti-modularity in networks with arbitrary degree distribution

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    and modularity) provides the opportunity to create surrogates for biological and technological networks, and to test hypotheses about the processes that gave rise to them. We find that many celebrated network properties may be a consequence of the way in which these networks grew, rather than a necessary consequence of how they work or function. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Erik van Nimwegen, Teresa Przytycka (nominated by Claus Wilke), and Leonid Mirny. For the full reviews, please go to the Reviewer's Comments section. PMID:20459629

  8. Reduction of trend errors in power calculation by linear transformation of measured axial lengths.

    PubMed

    Norrby, Sverker; Lydahl, Eva; Koranyi, Gabor; Taube, Mikaela

    2003-01-01

    To find a method to improve the refractive outcome in short eyes and long eyes without sacrificing the outcome in normal eyes. St. Erik's Eye Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. In a prospective study, 148 patients eligible for cataract surgery were measured with 2 different A-scans (BVI Axis, B.V. International; Sonomed 1500, Sonomed Inc.). Refraction was determined 6 weeks postoperatively. The postoperative refraction was compared with the refraction predicted by the Holladay 1, Hoffer Q, and SRK/T formulas; formula constants were optimized to give a zero mean error. The mean absolute error (MAE) was used as an outcome measure. The BVI Axis measured consistently shorter than Sonomed 1500. The mean axial lengths (ALs) were 23.033 mm and 23.435 mm, respectively. With the BVI Axis, an MAE of 0.44 diopter (D), 0.44 D, and 0.47 D was obtained, with the Holladay 1, Hoffer Q, and SRK/T formulas, respectively, with a trend toward undercorrecting short eyes and overcorrecting long eyes. The MAE with the Sonomed 1500 was 0.38 D, 0.39 D, and 0.40 D, respectively. By adding 0.402 mm to each measured value in the BVI Axis data set, the mean AL was transformed to 23.435 mm. With the transformed data, the MAE improved to 0.42 D, 0.43 D, and 0.44 D, respectively, with a reduced trend toward undercorrection and overcorrection. The 0.04 D difference between the instruments, although not statistically significant, may depend on measurement precision. Extending the concept of transformation, a minimum MAE of 0.41 D was obtained with the Holladay 1 at a mean AL of 24.0 mm, 0.43 D with Hoffer Q at 23.9 mm, and 0.40 D with SRK/T at 24.4 mm. The trend toward undercorrection and overcorrection was eliminated at the optimum for each formula. There were systematic differences in measured AL depending on equipment. Thus, the calculated powers differed and caused error in the degree of compliance between the labeled formula constant of an intraocular lens and the equipment used. Although

  9. A complementary perspective to primary socialization theory.

    PubMed

    Nurco, D N; Lerner, M

    1999-06-01

    Primary socialization theory as formulated by Oetting and his associates emphasizes the transmission of societal norms during childhood and adolescence within society's three major socializing agencies: family, school, and small, intimate peer groups. The norms thus transmitted may be prosocial or deviant, with prosocial norms more likely to be transmitted through strong bonds to healthy families or schools. Personality traits and other personal characteristics influence negative outcomes, such as deviance or drug use, only to the extent that they interfere with socialization to family or school. Our own research does not address primary socialization theory directly in that we have not focused on the transmission of norms per se as central. Nevertheless, we have studied social factors, personality factors, and various psychopathologies as etiological for deviance and substance use. By and large our research has supported the hypotheses of primary socialization theory, even extending them in specific areas, such as the importance of family influences as etiological. Our work has also emphasized the significance of rebelliousness and impulse control in this regard. Like all large-scale theories which necessarily abstract from the totality and diversity of human behavior, primary socialization theory leaves some gaps requiring further elucidation. Among these is its ethnocentric and temporocentric perspective, but even within this perspective it understates the difficulties for adolescents in making a successful transition to adult social roles (Kingley Davis) and in establishing a unique identity independent of parents (Erik H. Erikson). Also, it generally ignores the salience of the youth culture as rebellious against the older generation, a particularly important characteristic of modern society. And finally, it should cover the process of "maturing out" of deviance, which perhaps results in a reaffirmation of the legitimacy of norms transmitted earlier, and it

  10. Science Instruments on NASA Mars 2020 Rover

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2015-06-10

    instruments in the payload. SHERLOC includes a high-resolution color camera for microscopic imaging of Mars' surface. The principal investigator is Luther Beegle, JPL. The Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment (MOXIE), an exploration technology investigation that will produce oxygen from Martian atmospheric carbon dioxide. The principal investigator is Michael Hecht, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer (MEDA), a set of sensors that will provide measurements of temperature, wind speed and direction, pressure, relative humidity and dust size and shape. The principal investigator is Jose Rodriguez-Manfredi, Centro de Astrobiologia, Instituto Nacional de Tecnica Aeroespacial, Spain. The Radar Imager for Mars' Subsurface Experiment (RIMFAX), a ground-penetrating radar that will provide centimeter-scale resolution of the geologic structure of the subsurface. The principal investigator is Svein-Erik Hamran, the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment, Norway. http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA19672

  11. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Spectral types of stars in Coalsack region (Vanas 1939)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vanas, E.

    2010-11-01

    This table shows coordinates and identifications for 1930 stars in northern Cygnus ('Northern Coalsack' region) classified by Erik Vanas in an early spectral survey. In the source paper, the stars were identified by BD number (part I of the catalogue) and by approximate coordinates for fainter non-BD stars (part II of the catalogue). The spectral types were determined from scans of objective-prism plates (~260Å/mm). Accurate coordinates of the BD stars were derived mainly from the Tycho-2 catalogue. The non-BD stars had to be identified one-by-one from DSS images via SkyView, usually unambiguous, and coordinates found in VizieR. For the non-BD stars, the acronym [V39] was used. For pairs or crowded stars, 2MASS positions are sometimes used. Where the type applies to a near-equal double star, the coordinates are for the mid-point between the two stars (rounded to 1" precision), and the magnitude is for the combined light. The original Vanas photo-blue magnitudes are somewhat uncertain, probably including a color term. Instead standard V magnitudes from Tycho-2 or from the TASS MkIV survey (Cat. II/271) are supplied. The Vanas spectral types are formally on the 'Uppsala' system, which includes the strength of the CN band to distinguish dwarfs and giants among types later than G5. These are shown in modern MK notation. The scheme also includes a pseudo-luminosity class for hot stars based largely on the width of the Balmer lines. Since the He lines were not involved in the classification, the system loses resolution (or 'granularity') for types earlier than A0. There is also the danger at this dispersion of mistaking a late-B supergiant for an early-B dwarf. From consideration of his descriptions of the spectra, and also comparison with types from modern sources for the same stars, these 'Greek-lettered' types were transformed in modern notation as: * types 'A0μ' given as A0V * types 'A0σ' and 'A0σ+' given as B8 * types 'B{tau}-' given as B, and are mainly B3 to B

  12. Magnetic survey on the Æbelhold Cloister (Denmark)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smekalova, T.; Smekalov, S.

    2003-04-01

    , perhaps along the walls of the building, and at the central part of it. 7. Several strong anomalies could be interpreted as furnaces (for making glazed bricks, perhaps). For the interpretation of the maps we used results, obtained during the work on Russian Federal Program "Integration" (grant #B-0038). The coordinates of plots of survey were measured with GPS, and magnetic maps included in GIS with help of MapInfo software. We would like to express our appreciation to Dr. Finn Erik Kramer (Sophienborg Nordsjællandsk Folkmuseum, Denmark) for perfect organisation of the survey and NORDEA Bank, Denmark sponsored the work.

  13. Eight-hundred years of summer temperature variations in the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula reconstructed from tree rings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dorado Liñán, Isabel; Zorita, Eduardo; González-Rouco, Jesús Fidel; Heinrich, Ingo; Campello, Filipe; Muntán, Elena; Andreu-Hayles, Laia; Gutiérrez, Emilia

    2015-01-01

    July-to-October temperature variations are reconstructed for the last 800 years based on tree-ring widths from the Cazorla Range. Annual tree-ring width at this site has been found to be negatively correlated with temperature of the previous summer. This relationship is genuine, metabolically plausible, and cannot be explained as an indirect correlation mediated by hydroclimate. The resulting reconstruction (NCZ Tjaso ) represents the southernmost annually resolved temperature record based on tree-rings in Europe and provides detailed information on the regional climate evolution during the Late Holocene in the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula. The tree-ring based temperature reconstruction of Cazorla Range reveals predominantly warm summer temperatures during the transition between the Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA) and the Little Ice Age (LIA) from the 13th to the mid of the sixteenth century. The LIA spanned a slightly longer time (1500-1930 CE) than in other European summer temperature reconstructions from the Alps and Pyrenees. The twentieth century, though warmer than the preceding centuries, does not show unprecedented warmth in the last 800 years. Three ensembles of climate simulations conducted with two global atmosphere-ocean general circulation climate models (GCMs), considering different external forcings, were used for comparison: ECHO-G (Erik) and MPI-ESM (E1 and E2). Additionally, individual simulations were available from GCM included in the fifth Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, as well as single-forcing simulations performed with MPI-ESM. The comparison of the reconstructed and simulated temperatures revealed a close agreement of NCZ Tjaso with the simulations performed with total solar irradiance forcing with wider amplitude. Furthermore, the correlations with single-forcing simulations suggest volcanism as the main factor controlling preindustrial summer temperature variations in the Cazorla Range over the last five centuries. The

  14. Social class and self-reported health status among men and women: what is the role of work organisation, household material standards and household labour?

    PubMed

    Borrell, Carme; Muntaner, Carles; Benach, Joan; Artazcoz, Lucía

    2004-05-01

    Social class understood as social relations of ownership and control over productive assets taps into parts of the social variation in health that are not captured by conventional measures of social stratification. The objectives of this study are to analyse the association between self-reported health status and social class and to examine the role of work organisation, material standards and household labour as potential mediating factors in explaining this association. We used the Barcelona Health Interview Survey, a cross-sectional survey of 10,000 residents of the city's non-institutionalised population in 2000. This was a stratified sample, strata being the 10 districts of the city. The present study was conducted on the working population, aged 16-64 years (2345 men and 1874 women). Social class position was measured with Erik Olin Wright's indicators according to ownership and control over productive assets. The dependent variable was self-reported health status. The independent variables were social class, age, psychosocial and physical working conditions, job insecurity, type of labour contract, number of hours worked per week, possession of appliances at home, as well as household labour (number of hours per week, doing the housework alone and having children, elderly or disabled at home). Several hierarchical logistic regression models were performed by adding different blocks of independent variables. Among men the prevalence of poor reported health was higher among small employers and petit bourgeois, supervisors, semi-skilled (adjusted odds ratio-aOR: 4.92; 95% CI: 1.88-12.88) and unskilled workers (aOR: 7.69; 95%CI: 3.01-19.64). Work organisation and household material standards were associated with poor health status with the exception of number of hours worked per week. Work organisation variables were the main explanatory variables of social class inequalities in health, although material standards also contributed. Among women, only unskilled

  15. Structural and electrical properties of epitaxial YBCO films on Si (Abstract Only).

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fork, David K.; Barrera, A.; Phillips, Julia M.; Newman, N.; Fenner, David B.; Geballe, Theodore H.; Connell, G. A. N.; Boyce, James B.

    1991-03-01

    advantages of this technique are that no solvents, etchants or photoresist come into contact with the YBCO, hence this technique has a potential for operational-asgrown devices. In summary, it is now possible to produce YBCO films with structural and DC electrical properties which rival the most optimized c-axis epitaxial YBCO films on MgO, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3. Preliminary measurements of microwave properties appear promising. We thank Bruce Lairson for help obtaining magnetization data and Richard Johnson, Steve Ready and Lars-Erik Swartz for technical assistance. This work benefits from AFOSR (F49620-89-C-0017). DBF received support from NSF (DMR- 8822353). DKF acknowledges the AT&T scholarship.

  16. The potential and sustainability of agricultural land use in a changing ecosystem in southern Greenland

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hunziker, Matthias; Caviezel, Chatrina; Kuhn, Nikolaus J.

    2015-04-01

    . Fredskild B (1988) Agriculture in a marginal area - South Greenland from the Norse landnam (985 A.D.) to the resent (1985 A.D.). In: Birks HH, Birks HJB, Kaland PE et al. (eds) The Cultural Landscape - Past, Present and Future, Cambridge University Press, pp. 381-393. Greenland Agriculture Advisory Board (2009). Available at: http://www.nunalerineq.gl/english/landbrug/index-landbrug.htm Masson-Delmotte, V., D. Swingedouw, A. Landais, M. S. Seidenkrantz, E. Gauthier, V. Bichet, C. Massa, B. Perren, V. Jomelli, and G. Adalgeirsdottir. 2012. "Greenland Climate Change: From the Past to the Future." Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.186/full. Normand, Signe, Christophe Randin, Ralf Ohlemüller, Christian Bay, Toke T. Høye, Erik D. Kjær, Christian Körner, et al. 2013. "A Greener Greenland? Climatic Potential and Long-Term Constraints on Future Expansions of Trees and Shrubs." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 368 (1624) (August 19): 20120479. doi:10.1098/rstb.2012.0479. Perren, B., B, Massa, C., Bichet, V., Gauthier, E., Mathieu, O., Petit, C., Richard, H. 2012. A paleoecological perspective on 1450 years of human impacts from a lake in southern Greenland. The Holocene, 22 (9), pp. 1025-1034.

  17. High Energy Density Physics and Applications with a State-of-the-Art Compact X-Pinch

    SciTech Connect

    Beg, Farhat N

    2013-08-14

    particularly address the key issues associated with x-pinches, which include radiation transport, energetic particle transport, supersonic jet formation, using state-of-the-art compact pulsed power drivers. All the primary objectives of the proposed work were met. These objectives include: • Understanding of the fundamental physics of hot and dense plasma formation, implosion to less than 1 µm size due to the radiation enhanced collapse and energetic electron heating, • Study of the jet formation mechanism, which is of interest due to the astrophysical jets and deposition of energy by energetic electrons in jets, • Characterization of an x-pinch as a point x-ray source for the phase contrast radiography of beryllium cryogenic targets for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) experiments. The work carried out included a strong educational component involving both undergraduate and graduate students. Several undergraduate students from University of California San Diego participated in this project. A post-doctoral fellow, Dr. Simon Bott and two graduate students, David Haas and Erik Shipton contributed to every aspect of this project. The success of the project can be judged from the fact that fifteen peer-reviewed papers were published in high quality journals. In addition several presentations were made to a number of scientific meetings.

  18. PREFACE: XV Chilean Physics Symposium, 2006

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Soto, Leopoldo; Moreno, José; Ávila, Ricardo; Cubillos, Karla

    2008-02-01

    initial contact with the journal. Leopoldo Soto President, Chilean Physical Society Head of Plasma Department, Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission Editors: Leopoldo Soto, José Moreno, Ricardo Ávila, Karla Cubillos Scientific Committee Physicists from various research institutions, specialty areas, and regions of the country were invited by the Board of SOCHIFI to join the Symposium Scientific Committee, which was formed by: Julio Yánez, Universidad de Antofagasta Sergio del Campo, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso Patricio Vargas, Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María Rodrigo Soto, Universidad de Chile Ulrich Volkmann, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Víctor Muñoz, Universidad de Chile Rodrigo Aros, Universidad Andrés Bello Leopoldo Soto (Chairman), Comisión Chilena de Energía Nuclear Luis Huerta, Universidad de Talca Patricio Salgado, Universidad de Concepción Luis Roa, Universidad de Concepción Asticio Vargas, Universidad de la Frontera, Temuco Cristian Martínez, Centro de Estudios Científicos, Valdivia Organizing Commitee Leopoldo Soto (Chairman), Comisión Chilena de Energía Nuclear Erik Herrera, Comisión Chilena de Energía Nuclear José Moreno, Comisión Chilena de Energía Nuclear Andrea Rozas, Comisión Chilena de Energía Nuclear Rodrigo Aros, Universidad Andrés Bello Gonzalo Gutiérrez, Universidad de Chile Executive Board, Chilean Physical Society April 2006 - April 2008 Leopoldo Soto, President Joel Saavedra, Secretary Rodrigo Aros: Treasurer Rodolfo Figueroa: Director Luis Huerta: Director Conference photograph

  19. Nuclear Fusion Award 2010 speech Nuclear Fusion Award 2010 speech

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rice, John

    2011-01-01

    Alex Ince-Cushman, John deGrassie, Lars-Goran Eriksson, Yoshiteru Sakamoto, Andrea Scarabosio and Yuri Podpaly, as well as the other coauthors. I would like to express my sincere appreciation to Earl Marmar, Martin Greenwald and Miklos Porkolab at MIT for continued support of this work, as well as to the entire C-Mod team. This award was made possible due to the insight of Mitsuru Kikuchi and the support of the IAEA through Werner Burkhart, and I am truly grateful to both of them. Many thanks as well to the outstanding staff at Nuclear Fusion. It is a distinct honor to be included in the group of previous winners: Tim Luce, Clemente Angioni, Todd Evans and Steve Sabbagh. It is also a great honor to be considered alongside the 2010 nominees: Phil Snyder, Sibylle Guenter, Maiko Yoshida, Hajime Urano, Fulvio Zonca, Erik Garcia, Costanza Maggi, Hartmut Zohm, Thierry Loarer and Bruce Lipschultz. Finally, I would like to thank the readers of Nuclear Fusion for the many citations. John Rice 2010 Nuclear Fusion Award winner Plasma Science and Fusion Center, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA

  20. Comparison of a regional paleoclimate simulation over Europe for the last 500 years with proxy-based reconstructions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gomez-Navarro, J. J.; Montavez, J. P.; Jerez, S.; Jimenez-Guerrero, P.; Lorente-Plazas, R.; Gonzalez-Rouco, F. J.; Zorita, E.

    2010-12-01

    The climate system naturally fluctuates over a large variety of frequencies, from days to million of years. It can also be affected by anthropogenic GHG emissions in a multidecadal scale. Understanding the natural variability at this scale would help assessing how much of the recent warming is attributable to human activities. In the last years important efforts have been devoted to developing proxy-based reconstructions as well as simulations of the past climate, trying to understand the role of the internal variability in the evolution of the climate of the last millennium. Comparing both approaches is a valuable tool to validate the models and some aspects of the proxy reconstructions. Nevertheless the General Circulation Models (GCMs) employed to simulate consistently the past climate system implement a very coarse spatial resolution. This may hamper the comparison of proxy data reconstructions and model simulations. The use of Regional Circulation Models (RCM) is a common technique that allows improving the spatial resolution of GCMs for a limited area domain. In this contribution, a 500 year-long simulation for the European region over half of the past millennium is presented. The regional climate model used for the present study is a climate version of the Fifth-generation Pennsylvania-State University-National Center for Atmospheric Research Mesoscale Model (MM5). The simulation has been coupled to the model ECHO-G (experiment Erik-2), and covers the period 1501-1990. The external forcings (GHG concentrations, Solar variability and the effect of volcano events) are the same in the regional model as in the ECHO-G experiment. Two two-way nested domains are employed in the simulation, covering Europe with a spatial resolution of 135 and 45 km, respectively. Comparing with recent observations (period 1960-1990), the coupled model is able to reproduce many aspect of the recent past climate over Europe. There are nevertheless some deficiencies, such as the

  1. Rethinking Uncertainty: What Does the Public Need to Know?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oreskes, N.

    2012-12-01

    The late Steven Schneider is often quoted as addressing the double-bind of science communication: that to be a good scientist one has to be cautious and acknowledge uncertainty, but to reach the media and the public one has to be bold, incautious, and even a bit dramatic. Here, I focus on a related but different double-bind: the double bind of responding to doubt. In our recent book, Merchants of Doubt, Erik M. Conway and I showed how doubt-mongers exploited scientific uncertainty as a political strategy to confuse the public and delay action on a range of environmental issues from the harms of tobacco to the reality of anthropogenic climate change. This strategy is effective because it appeals to lay people, journalists,' and even fellow scientists' sense of fair play—that it is right to hear "both sides" of an issue. Scientists are then caught in a double-bind: refusing to respond seems smug and elitist, but responding scientifically seems to confirm that there is in fact a scientific debate. Doubt-mongering is also hard to counter because our knowledge is, in fact, uncertain, so when we communicate in conventional scientific ways, acknowledging the uncertainties and limits in our understanding, we may end up reinforcing the uncertainty framework. The difficulty is exacerbated by the natural tendency of scientists to focus on novel and original results, rather than matters that are well established, lest we be accused of lacking originality or of taking credit for other's work. The net result is the impression among lay people that our knowledge is very likely to change and therefore a weak basis for making public policy decision. History of science, however, suggests a different picture: we know that a good deal of scientific knowledge has proved temporally robust and has provided a firm basis for effective public policy. Action on earlier environmental issues such as DDT and acid rain, guided by scientific knowledge, has worked to limit environmental damage

  2. Efficiency of preventive actions for landslides and flooding - evaluation of Scandinavian practices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bergman, R.; Andersson-sköld, Y. B.; Nyberg, L.; Johansson, M.; Persson, E.

    2011-12-01

    Author: Ramona Bergman, Yvonne Andersson-Sköld, Lars Nyberg, Magnus Johansson, Erik Persson Preventive actions can be, and are frequently, taken to reduce accidents and their consequences in different ways. The MSB funded research programme "Effects of Society's Security actions" (ESS, 2009-2013) aims to study the relationship between such actions and their effects. The program is divided into three subgroups: Frequent accidents Natural hazards (such as flooding, erosion and landslide) Chemical and landfill accidents The results presented here covers natural hazards with focus on land slides and flooding. The results are based on Swedish/Scandinavian contexts. Natural events such as erosion, flooding and land slides are common, but the number of accidents (events causing severe negative impact) is rare. Therefore, in such analysis there is limited data and other information available which can be used for example in statistical analysis of actions and their effects. Instead, the analysis must be based on other information. Therefore, the analysis may have to include aspects that only can be assessed by scenario and "what-if" analyses. In this project the main method has been interviews with officials in Swedish municipalities and national agencies in Sweden and Norway. The two levels are chosen since policies are taken on national (or international) level, while the key actions and actors are on the municipal level. The interviews cover experiences and potential scenarios. In all municipalities, one politician and officials working with planning and rescue service have been interviewed. The study covers hazard and risk mapping, follow up of such maps, physical planning and lessons learned from previous events and activities. The final outcome of the research will be a review of what is found to be well functioning, identification of weak points and recommendations for the management of landslides, erosion and flooding. The present results indicate that hazard

  3. Genomes to Life Project Quarterly Report April 2005.

    SciTech Connect

    Heffelfinger, Grant S.; Martino, Anthony; Rintoul, Mark Daniel; Geist, Al; Gorin, Andrey; Xu, Ying; Palenik, Brian

    2006-02-01

    the contributions of: Grant Heffelfinger1*, Anthony Martino2, Brian Palenik6, Andrey Gorin3, Ying Xu10,3, Mark Daniel Rintoul1, Al Geist3, Matthew Ennis1, with Pratul Agrawal3, Hashim Al-Hashimi8, Andrea Belgrano12, Mike Brown1, Xin Chen9, Paul Crozier1, PguongAn Dam10, Jean-Loup Faulon2, Damian Gessler12, David Haaland1, Victor Havin4, C.F. Huang5, Tao Jiang9, Howland Jones1, David Jung3, Katherine Kang14, Michael Langston15, Shawn Martin1, Shawn Means1, Vijaya Natarajan4, Roy Nielson5, Frank Olken4, Victor Olman10, Ian Paulsen14, Steve Plimpton1, Andreas Reichsteiner5, Nagiza Samatova3, Arie Shoshani4, Michael Sinclair1, Alex Slepoy1, Shawn Stevens8, Charlie Strauss5, Zhengchang Su10, Ed Thomas1, Jerilyn Timlin1, WimVermaas13, Xiufeng Wan11, HongWei Wu10, Dong Xu11, Grover Yip8, Erik Zuiderweg8 *Author to whom correspondence should be addressed (gsheffe@sandia.gov) 1. Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 2. Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA 3. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 4. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 5. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 6. University of California, San Diego 7. University of Illinois, Urbana/Champaign 8. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 9. University of California, Riverside 10. University of Georgia, Athens 11. University of Missouri, Columbia 12. National Center for Genome Resources, Santa Fe, NM 13. Arizona State University 14. The Institute for Genomic Research 15. University of Tennessee 5 Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL8500.

  4. Surface nanobubbles and micropancakes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Seddon, James R. T.

    2013-05-01

    , Ziaul Haque Ansari and Jianguo Mi The effect of PeakForce tapping mode AFM imaging on the apparent shape of surface nanobubblesWiktoria Walczyk, Peter M Schön and Holger Schönherr Coarse-grained modelling of surface nanobubblesPatrick Grosfils Understanding the stability of surface nanobubblesShuo Wang, Minghuan Liu and Yaming Dong Hydrogen nanobubble at normal hydrogen electrodeS Nakabayashi, R Shinozaki, Y Senda and H Y Yoshikawa Particle tracking around surface nanobubblesErik Dietrich, Harold J W Zandvliet, Detlef Lohse and James R T Seddon Imaging surface nanobubbles at graphite--water interfaces with different atomic force microscopy modesChih-Wen Yang, Yi-Hsien Lu and Ing-Shouh Hwang

  5. Spectroscopy as a diagnostic tool for urban soil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brook, Anna; Kopel, Daniella; Wittenberg, Lea

    2015-04-01

    % followed by concrete dust, plastic crumbs, other man made materials, clay and other minerals. The major part of the mineralogical composition was dominated by Montmorillonite and Kaolinite as is it expected to be in the Mount Carmel soils. Pyroxene and Olivine are also typical to the mineralogy of the Mount Carmel were there are several known magmatic eruption areas of Scoria and Basalt. There is a high frequency of Actinolite (Ca2(Mg,Fe)5(Si8O22)(OH)2), Amphibole family (2.5%) that is typical to metamorphic rocks that are not to be found in the Mount Carmel region. Some of the mineral found in the analysis is of marine origin like Syngenite (K2Ca(SO4)2(H2O)) and Blodite (Na2Mg(SO4)24(H2O)) as the area was created under the Mediterranean Sea and is still influence by it. None of the endmembers were detected only once, the lowest frequency was 4 times for Cyanide-Cadmium (Cd(CN)2) and Andalusite (Al2SiO5). The results of the soils pH, measured electrometrically and the particle size distribution, measured by Laser diffraction, indicate there is no big different between the samples particle size distribution and the pH values of the samples but they are not significantly different from the expected, except for the OM percentage which is significantly higher in most samples. The suggested method was very effective for tracing the man-made substances, we could find concrete and asphalt, plastic and synthetic polymers after they were assimilated, broken down and decomposed into soil particles. By the top-down unmixing method we did not limit the substances we characterize and so we could detect unexpected materials and contaminants. Gómez-Baggethun, Erik and David N. Barton. 2013. "Classifying and Valuing Ecosystem Services for Urban Planning." Ecological Economics 86: 235-245. Pavao-Zuckerman, M. A. 2008. "The Nature of Urban Soils and their Role in Ecological Restoration in Cities." Restoration Ecology 16 (4): 642-649. Li, Lijun, Peter E. Holm, Helle Marcussen, and Hans

  6. Pollen-inferred quantitative reconstructions of Holocene land-cover in NW Europe for the evaluation of past climate-vegetation feedbacks - The Swedish LANDCLIM project and the NordForsk LANDCLIM network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaillard, Marie-Jose; Sugita, Shinya; Rundgren, Mats; Smith, Benjamin; Mazier, Florence; Trondman, Anna-Kari; Fyfe, Ralph; Kokfelt, Ulla; Nielsen, Anne-Birgitte; Strandberg, Gustav

    2010-05-01

    of ca. 1o x 1o. The REVEALS estimates of the past cover of PFTs will be 1) compared with the outputs of the LPJ-GUESS (10 PFTs), a widely-used dynamic vegetation model and 2) used as an alternative to the LPJ-GUESS-simulated vegetation (3 PFTs) to run for the past the regional climate model RCA3 developed at the Rossby Centre, Norrköping, Sweden. The study will evaluate and further refine these models (RCA3 and LPJ-GUESS) using a data-model comparison approach that incorporates new syntheses of palaeoclimatic data as well. It will lead to new assessments of the possible effect of various factors on climate, such as deforestations and afforestations, and changes in vegetation composition and spatial patterns of land cover/land use. Refined climate models and empirical land-cover reconstructions will shed new light on controversial hypotheses of past climate change and human impacts, such as the "Ruddiman hypothesis". First maps of REVEALS estimates of plant functional types (PFTs) are now available for Sweden, Norway, Finland, Denmark, Estonia, Poland, Germany, The Czech Republic, Switzerland and Britain (see Mazier et al. C1.21 and Trondman et al. C1.22). Correlation tests show that the REVEALS estimates are robust in terms of ranking of the PFTs' abundance (see Mazier et al, C1.21). The LANDCLIM project and network are a contribution to the IGBP-PAGES-Focus 4 PHAROS programme on human impact on environmental changes in the past. The following LANDCLIM members are acknowledged for providing pollen records, for help with pollen databases, and for providing results to the project: Mihkel Kangur and Tiiu Koff (Univ. Tallinn, Tallinn); Erik Kjellström (SMHI, Norrköping), Anna Broström, Lena Barnekow and Thomas Persson (GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Lund University); Anneli Poska (Physical Geography and Ecosystems Analysis, Lund University); Thomas Giesecke (Albrecht-von-Haller-Institute for Plant Sciences, University of Göttingen), Anne Bjune and John Birks (Dept. of

  7. PREFACE: Seventh International Conference on Dissociative Recombination: Theory, Experiments and Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van der Zande, Wim J.

    2009-09-01

    possible by generous sponsors, whom we thank wholeheartedly: The Radboud University Nijmegen, The Institute for Molecules and Materials of the Radboud University Nijmegen, The Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (Stichting FOM), The Foundation PHYSICA (Stichting Physica), and The Netherlands Royal Academy of Sciences (KNAW). The organisational support by Erna Gouwens van Oss before and during the conference was essential for its success. The help of Thanja Lambrechts and Vitali Zhaunerchyk during the preparation of the proceedings is greatly appreciated. The delay in the publication of these proceedings is entirely caused by the editor. The authors of the contributions are thanked for the quality of their contributions, Wim J van der Zande, Editor Institute for Molecules and Materials, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9010, NL-6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands Email: w.vanderzande@science.ru.nl Conference photograph Participants of the 7th International Conference on Dissociative Recombination: Theory, Experiments and Applications, taken in front of d'Amelander Kaap, the conference venue in Ameland, one of the Wadden Islands in the North of the Netherlands. 1. Dror Shafir21. Annemieke Petrignani41. Oumanou Motopan 2. Ioan Scheider22. Johanna Roos42. Max Berg 3. Nigel Adams23. Erna Gouwens van Oss43. Henrik Buhr 4. Hajime Tanuma24. Natalie de Ruette44. Ilya Fabrikant 5. Jonathan Tennyson25. Francois Wameu Tamo45. Claude Krantz 6. Vitali Zhaunerchyk26. Rainer Johnsen46. Michael Stenrup 7. Robert Continetti27. Viatcheslav Kokoouline47. Xavier Urbain 8. Stefan Rosén28. Hidekazu Takagi48. Evelyne Roueff 9. Erik Vigren29. Hans-Jakob Wörner49. Dirk Schwalm 10. Magdalena Kaminska30. Oskar Asvany50. Valery Ngassam 11. Chris Greene31. Lutz Lammich51. Julien Lecointre 12. Steffen Novotny32. Brandon Jordon-Thaden52. Ann Orel 13. Amy Schumak33. Wolf Diettrich Geppert53. Ihor Korolov 14. Gerard van Rooij34. Alexander Faure54. Romain Guerot 15. Wim van der Zande35. Mathias

  8. Genomes to Life Project Quartely Report October 2004.

    SciTech Connect

    Heffelfinger, Grant S.; Martino, Anthony; Rintoul, Mark Daniel; Geist, Al; Gorin, Andrey; Xu, Ying; Palenik, Brian

    2005-02-01

    .genomes-to-life.org Acknowledgment We want to gratefully acknowledge the contributions of the GTL Project Team as follows: Grant S. Heffelfinger1*, Anthony Martino2, Andrey Gorin3, Ying Xu10,3, Mark D. Rintoul1, Al Geist3, Matthew Ennis1, Hashimi Al-Hashimi8, Nikita Arnold3, Andrei Borziak3, Bianca Brahamsha6, Andrea Belgrano12, Praveen Chandramohan3, Xin Chen9, Pan Chongle3, Paul Crozier1, PguongAn Dam10, George S. Davidson1, Robert Day3, Jean Loup Faulon2, Damian Gessler12, Arlene Gonzalez2, David Haaland1, William Hart1, Victor Havin3, Tao Jiang9, Howland Jones1, David Jung3, Ramya Krishnamurthy3, Yooli Light2, Shawn Martin1, Rajesh Munavalli3, Vijaya Natarajan3, Victor Olman10, Frank Olken4, Brian Palenik6, Byung Park3, Steven Plimpton1, Diana Roe2, Nagiza Samatova3, Arie Shoshani4, Michael Sinclair1, Alex Slepoy1, Shawn Stevens8, Chris Stork1, Charlie Strauss5, Zhengchang Su10, Edward Thomas1, Jerilyn A. Timlin1, Xiufeng Wan11, HongWei Wu10, Dong Xu11, Gong-Xin Yu3, Grover Yip8, Zhaoduo Zhang2, Erik Zuiderweg8 *Author to whom correspondence should be addressed (gsheffe%40sandia.gov) 1. Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 2. Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA 3. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 4. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 5. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 6. University of California, San Diego 7. University of Illinois, Urbana/Champaign 8. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 9. University of California, Riverside 10. University of Georgia, Athens 11. University of Missouri, Columbia 12. National Center for Genome Resources, Santa Fe, NM Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.

  9. INTRODUCTION: Anticipated changes in the global atmospheric water cycle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Allan, Richard P.; Liepert, Beate G.

    2010-06-01

    an important example. Understanding surface solar 'dimming' and 'brightening' trends in the context of past and current changes in the water cycle are discussed in a guest editorial by Wild and Liepert (2010). The key roles anthropogenic aerosols can play on a regional scale are discussed by Lau et al (2010) through their study of the regional impact of absorbing aerosols on warming and snow melt over the Himalayas. The overarching goal of climate prediction is to provide reliable, probabilistic estimates of future changes. Relating hydrological responses back to a sound physical basis, the motivation for this special focus issue, is paramount in building confidence in anticipated changes, especially in the global water cycle. We are grateful to the reviewers and the journal editorial board for making this focus issue possible. Focus on Anticipated Changes in the Global Atmospheric Water Cycle Contents Editorials The global atmospheric water cycle Lennart Bengtsson The Earth radiation balance as driver of the global hydrological cycle Martin Wild and Beate Liepert Letters Enhanced surface warming and accelerated snow melt in the Himalayas and Tibetan Plateau induced by absorbing aerosols William K M Lau, Maeng-Ki Kim, Kyu-Myong Kim and Woo-Seop Lee Current changes in tropical precipitation Richard P Allan, Brian J Soden, Viju O John, William Ingram and Peter Good Direct versus indirect effects of tropospheric humidity changes on the hydrologic cycle S C Sherwood How closely do changes in surface and column water vapor follow Clausius-Clapeyron scaling in climate change simulations? P A O'Gorman and C J Muller Linking increases in hourly precipitation extremes to atmospheric temperature and moisture changes Geert Lenderink and Erik van Meijgaard Are climate-related changes to the character of global-mean precipitation predictable? Graeme L Stephens and Yongxiang Hu A comparison of large scale changes in surface humidity over land in observations and CMIP3 general

  10. Editorial: Focus on Laser- and Beam-Driven Plasma Accelerators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Joshi, Chan; Malka, Victor

    2010-04-01

    Persson, K Osvay, C-G Wahlström, D C Carroll, P McKenna, A Flacco and V Malka Proton acceleration by moderately relativistic laser pulses interacting with solid density targets Erik Lefebvre, Laurent Gremillet, Anna Lévy, Rachel Nuter, Patrizio Antici, Michaël Carrié, Tiberio Ceccotti, Mathieu Drouin, Julien Fuchs, Victor Malka and David Neely Holographic visualization of laser wakefields P Dong, S A Reed, S A Yi, S Kalmykov, Z Y Li, G Shvets, N H Matlis, C McGuffey, S S Bulanov, V Chvykov, G Kalintchenko, K Krushelnick, A Maksimchuk, T Matsuoka, A G R Thomas, V Yanovsky and M C Downer The scaling of proton energies in ultrashort pulse laser plasma acceleration K Zeil, S D Kraft, S Bock, M Bussmann, T E Cowan, T Kluge, J Metzkes, T Richter, R Sauerbrey and U Schramm Plasma cavitation in ultraintense laser interactions with underdense helium plasmas P M Nilson, S P D Mangles, L Willingale, M C Kaluza, A G R Thomas, M Tatarakis, R J Clarke, K L Lancaster, S Karsch, J Schreiber, Z Najmudin, A E Dangor and K Krushelnick Radiation pressure acceleration of ultrathin foils Andrea Macchi, Silvia Veghini, Tatyana V Liseykina and Francesco Pegoraro Target normal sheath acceleration: theory, comparison with experiments and future perspectives Matteo Passoni, Luca Bertagna and Alessandro Zani Generation of a highly collimated, mono-energetic electron beam from laser-driven plasma-based acceleration Sanyasi Rao Bobbili, Anand Moorti, Prasad Anant Naik and Parshotam Dass Gupta Controlled electron acceleration in the bubble regime by optimizing plasma density Meng Wen, Baifei Shen, Xiaomei Zhang, Fengchao Wang, Zhangying Jin, Liangliang Ji, Wenpeng Wang, Jiancai Xu and Kazuhisa Nakajima A multidimensional theory for electron trapping by a plasma wake generated in the bubble regime I Kostyukov, E Nerush, A Pukhov and V Seredov Investigation of the role of plasma channels as waveguides for laser-wakefield accelerators T P A Ibbotson, N Bourgeois, T P Rowlands-Rees, L S Caballero, S I

  11. Preface: SciDAC 2009

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simon, Horst

    2009-07-01

    and posters goes to the teams of researchers, the success of this year's conference is due to the strong efforts and support from members of the 2009 SciDAC Program Committee and Organizing Committee, and I would like to extend my heartfelt thanks to them for helping to make the 2009 meeting the largest and most successful to date. Program Committee members were: David Bader, LLNL; Pete Beckman, ANL; John Bell, LBNL; John Boisseau, University of Texas; Paul Bonoli, MIT; Hank Childs, LBNL; Bill Collins, LBNL; Jim Davenport, BNL; David Dean, ORNL; Thom Dunning, NCSA; Peg Folta, LLNL; Glenn Hammond, PNNL; Maciej Haranczyk, LBNL; Robert Harrison, ORNL; Paul Hovland, ANL; Paul Kent, ORNL; Aram Kevorkian, SPAWAR; David Keyes, Columbia University; Kwok Ko, SLAC; Felice Lightstone, LLNL; Bob Lucas, ISI/USC; Paul Mackenzie, Fermilab; Tony Mezzacappa, ORNL; John Negele, MIT; Jeff Nichols, ORNL; Mike Norman, UCSD; Joe Oefelein, SNL; Jeanie Osburn, NRL; Peter Ostroumov, ANL; Valerio Pascucci, University of Utah; Ruth Pordes, Fermilab; Rob Ross, ANL; Nagiza Samatova, ORNL; Martin Savage, University of Washington; Tim Scheibe, PNNL; Ed Seidel, NSF; Arie Shoshani, LBNL; Rick Stevens, ANL; Bob Sugar, UCSB; Bill Tang, PPPL; Bob Wilhelmson, NCSA; Kathy Yelick, NERSC/LBNL; Dave Zachmann, Vista Computational Technology LLC. Organizing Committee members were: Communications: Jon Bashor, LBNL. Contracts/Logistics: Mary Spada and Cheryl Zidel, ANL. Posters: David Bailey, LBNL. Proceedings: John Hules, LBNL. Proceedings Database Developer: Beth Cerny Patino, ANL. Program Committee Liaison/Conference Web Site: Yeen Mankin, LBNL. Tutorials: David Skinner, NERSC/LBNL. Visualization Night: Hank Childs, LBNL; Valerio Pascucci, Chems Touati, Nathan Galli, and Erik Jorgensen, University of Utah. Again, my thanks to all. Horst Simon San Diego, California June 18, 2009

  12. PREFACE New developments in nanopore research—from fundamentals to applications New developments in nanopore research—from fundamentals to applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Albrecht, Tim; Edel, Joshua B.; Winterhalter, Mathias

    2010-11-01

    molecular simulations Amit Kumar, Eric Hajjar, Paolo Ruggerone and Matteo Ceccarelli Dehydration and ionic conductance quantization in nanopores Michael Zwolak, James Wilson and Massimiliano Di Ventra Current oscillations generated by precipitate formation in the mixing zone between two solutions inside a nanopore Erik C Yusko, Yazan N Billeh and Michael Mayer Precise electrochemical fabrication of sub-20 nm solid-state nanopores for single-molecule biosensing Mariam Ayub, Aleksandar Ivanov, Jongin Hong, Phillip Kuhn, Emanuele Instuli, Joshua B Edel and Tim Albrecht The distribution of DNA translocation times in solid-state nanopores Jiali Li and David S Talaga Crowding effects in non-equilibrium transport through nano-channels A Zilman and G Bel Permeation through nanochannels: revealing fast kinetics Kozhinjampara R Mahendran, Pratik Raj Singh, Jürgen Arning, Stefan Stolte, Ulrich Kleinekathöfer and Mathias Winterhalter LILBID-mass spectrometry of the mitochondrial preprotein translocase TOM Frauke Mager, Lucie Sokolova, Julia Lintzel, Bernhard Brutschy and Stephan Nussberger Evidence that small proteins translocate through silicon nitride pores in a folded conformation Radu I Stefureac, Dhruti Trivedi, Andre Marziali and Jeremy S Lee Methods for controlling the pore properties of ultra-thin nanocrystalline silicon membranes D Z Fang, C C Striemer, T R Gaborski, J L McGrath and P M Fauchet

  13. Milky Way Past Was More Turbulent Than Previously Known

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2004-04-01

    been removed here. These observations provide the long-sought missing pieces of the puzzle to get a clear overview of the solar neighbourhood. They effectively mark the conclusion of a project started more than twenty years ago.. In fact, this work marks the fulfilment of an old dream by Danish astronomer Bengt Strömgren (1908-1987), who pioneered the study of the history of the Milky Way through systematic studies of its stars. Already in the 1950's he designed a special system of colour measurements to determine the chemical composition and ages of many stars very efficiently. And the Danish 50-cm and 1.5-m telescopes at the ESO La Silla Observatory (Chile) were constructed to make such projects possible. Another Danish astronomer, Erik Heyn Olsen made the first step in the 1980's by measuring the flux (light intensity) in several wavebands (in the "Strömgren photometric system") of 30,000 A, F and G stars over the whole sky to a fixed brightness limit. Next, ESA's Hipparcos satellite determined precise distances and velocities in the plane of the sky for these and many other stars. The missing link was the motions along the line of sight (the so-called radial velocities). They were then measured by the present team from the Doppler shift of spectral lines of the stars (the same technique that is used to detect planets around other stars), using the specialized CORAVEL instrument. Stellar orbits in the Milky Way ESO PR Video Clip 04/04 ESO Video Clip 04/04 Motions of the observed stars in the Milky Way [MPG - 1.3Mb] [Quick Time Video - 248k] [Animated GIF - 128k] Caption: ESO PR Video Clip 04/04 shows the stars studied during the present programme making their most recent orbital revolution around the Galactic centre before converging into the small volume where they were observed by the team. The duration of the video corresponds to about 250 million years. The yellow dot and white curve show how the Sun moved during this last of its about 20 laps around our

  14. Water Security Toolkit User Manual Version 1.2.

    SciTech Connect

    Klise, Katherine A.; Siirola, John Daniel; Hart, David; Hart, William Eugene; Phillips, Cynthia Ann; Haxton, Terranna; Murray, Regan; Janke, Robert; Taxon, Thomas; Laird, Carl; Seth, Arpan; Hackebeil, Gabriel; McGee, Shawn; Mann, Angelica

    2014-08-01

    . ii Acknowledgements This work was supported by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency through its Office of Research and Development (Interagency Agreement # DW8992192801). The material in this document has been subject to technical and policy review by the U.S. EPA, and approved for publication. The views expressed by individual authors, however, are their own, and do not necessarily reflect those of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Mention of trade names, products, or services does not convey official U.S. EPA approval, endorsement, or recommendation. The Water Security Toolkit is an extension of the Threat Ensemble Vulnerability Assessment-Sensor Place- ment Optimization Tool (TEVA-SPOT), which was also developed with funding from the U.S. Environ- mental Protection Agency through its Office of Research and Development (Interagency Agreement # DW8992192801). The authors acknowledge the following individuals for their contributions to the devel- opment of TEVA-SPOT: Jonathan Berry (Sandia National Laboratories), Erik Boman (Sandia National Laboratories), Lee Ann Riesen (Sandia National Laboratories), James Uber (University of Cincinnati), and Jean-Paul Watson (Sandia National Laboratories). iii Acronyms ATUS American Time-Use Survey BLAS Basic linear algebra sub-routines CFU Colony-forming unit CVAR Conditional value at risk CWS Contamination warning system EA Evolutionary algorithm EDS Event detection system EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EC Extent of Contamination ERD EPANET results database file GLPK GNU Linear Programming Kit GRASP Greedy randomized adaptive sampling process HEX Hexadecimal HTML HyperText markup language INP EPANET input file LP Linear program MC Mass consumed MILP Mixed integer linear program MIP Mixed integer program MSX Multi-species extension for EPANET NFD Number of failed detections NS Number of sensors NZD Non-zero demand PD Population dosed PE Population exposed PK Population killed TAI Threat assessment input file

  15. Hipparcos: mission accomplished

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1993-08-01

    , together comprising about 100 scientists from universities and scientific institutes, and led by Professor Erik Hoeg (Copenhagen University Observatory, Denmark), Professor Jean Kovalevsky (Observatoire de la C.te d'Azur, France), Dr. Lennart Lindegren (Lund Observatory, Sweden) and Dr. Catherine Turon (Observatoire de Meudon, France). Final accuracies on the stellar positions, distances and annual motions measured by Hipparcos, are in the range 1-2 milli-arcsec (i.e. 1-2 thousandths of a second of arc, equivalent to the angular size of a golf ball viewed from the other side of the Atlantic Ocean). Distances of stars many millions of times further away than our own Sun are being measured, and their velocities are being measured with accuracies of a few hundred metres per second. A further million stars will be contained in the accompanying Tycho Catalogue, with positions not as accurate as those derived from the main experiment, although still considerably more accurate than those measurable from the ground. At the heart of the satellite was an extremely accurate optical telescope, which measured the separations between stars in different parts of the sky as the satellite turned slowly around its axis. The telescope mirrors on Hipparcos were so accurately polished that, if scaled up to the size of the Atlantic Ocean, deviations of the surface would nowhere exceed 10 cm in height. The global positional accuracies determined by Hipparcos are impossible to achieve from the Earth's surface, where the atmosphere, the temperature variations, instrument flexure, and the absence of all- sky visibility provide insurmountable barriers to ground-based observers. The Hipparcos results will represent a milestone in mankind's understanding of the structure and evolution of our Galaxy, and an invaluable legacy to future generations of astronomers.

  16. The impact of Hipparcos star-fixing extends to life's evolution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1997-05-01

    the Tycho results on a million stars with positions of the same stars observed from the ground during the past 100 years, to measure their motions across the sky. The Danish astronomer Erik Hog is a worthy heir of Tycho Brahe. He adopted a star mapper, installed in Hipparcos for checking the telescope's aim, as an additional source of astrometric data. From Copenhagen University Observatory he led the multinational Tycho Data Analysis Consortium (TDAC) which produced the Tycho Catalogue. "A million million bits of data came from our star mapper in Hipparcos," Hog remarks. "We nearly drowned in the torrent when we started. So we limited the Tycho Catalogue to one million stars, in order to keep up with the work on the Hipparcos Catalogue. With more experience and faster computers, and based on the Hipparcos and Tycho Catalogues, we've started work on a Second Tycho Catalogue of three million stars. We hope to have it ready by 1999."

  17. List of Participants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2007-11-01

    Marios PetropoulosÉcole Polytechnique, Palaiseau Roberto PettorinoUniversità di Napoli Federico II Franco PezzellaIstituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Napoli Moises Picon PonceIstituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Padova Marco PirroneUniversità di Milano-Bicocca Erik PlauschinnMax-Planck-Institut für Physik, München Andre PloeghCentre for Theoretical Physics, University of Groningen Giuseppe PolicastroLaboratoire de Physique Théorique, École Normale Superieure, Paris Josep PonsUniversitat de Barcelona S Prem KumarUniversity of Wales, Swansea Nikolaos PrezasCERN, Geneva Carlo Alberto RattiUniversità di Milano-Bicocca Riccardo RicciImperial College, London Alejandro RiveroEscuela Universitaria Politécnica de Teruel, Universidad de Zaragoza Irene RodriguezInstituto de Física Teórica, Madrid Maria Jose RodriguezUniversitat de Barcelona Diederik RoestUniversitat de Barcelona Alberto RomagnoniLaboratoire de Physique Théorique d'Orsay, Paris Christian RomelsbergerDublin Institute for Advanced Studies Jan RosseelKatholieke Universiteit Leuven Sebastiano RossiEidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Zürich Felix RustMax-Planck-Institut für Physik, München Cheol RyouPohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH) Christian SaemannDublin Institute for Advanced Studies Houman Safaai SISSA, Trieste Alberto SantambrogioIstituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Milano Frank SaueressigUniversiteit Utrecht Ricardo SchiappaCERN, Geneva Cornelius Schmidt-ColinetEidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Zürich Maximilian Schmidt-SommerfeldMax-Planck-Institut für Physik, München Waldemar SchulginMax-Planck-Institut für Physik, München Claudio ScruccaUniversité de Neuchâtel Nathan SeibergInstitute of Advanced Studies, Princeton, NJ Domenico SeminaraUniversità di Firenze Alexander SevrinVrije Universiteit, Brussel Konstadinos SfetsosUniversity of Patras Kostas SiamposUniversity of Patras Christoph SiegUniversità Degli Studi di Milano Vaula Silvia Instituto

  18. Hipparcos to deliver its final results catalogue soon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1995-10-01

    perspective, when the results are delivered to them at the end of March 1996. The final product of the Hipparcos mission, a monumental 14-volume catalogue, with page upon page of astronomical results of unprecedented accuracy, will be published by ESA and the scientific teams at the end of March 1997. The four leaders of he European scientific teams, who have been involved in the project since its earliest days, announced hat he Hipparcos and Tycho Catalogues have passed all he test that they have been able to devise to assess he quality of he data. Professor Jean Kovalevsky (Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, Grasse, France), Dr Lennart Lindegren (Lund Observatory, Sweden), Professor Erik Hog (Copenhagen Observatory, Denmark), and Dr Catherine Turon (Observatoire de Paris-Meudon), and other scientific representatives from the ESA member states, are delighted with he latest developments. "There will be thousands of direct and indirect users of the Hipparcos results over the coming years", said Catherine Turon who lead the team responsible for putting together the satellite's observing programme, "and they will not only have access to a magnificent catalogue, but one which has been finalised somewhat more rapidly than our expectations before launch ". Some ten thousand known double star systems have been observed by Hipparcos, and nearly ten thousand more have been discovered for the first time. In these binary systems, two stars orbit around each other, and Hipparcos promises to provide measurements of the masses of he stars in such systems, information which is impossible to determine in any other way. "Many of our scientific colleagues who have waited patiently for the results of this mission will be astonished with what the final catalogue contains" said Professor Hog, originator of he Tycho Catalogue concept, and one of the hiving forces behind the mission. In thousands of cases, the stars are seen to be variable by Hipparcos. In these cases, the light output from he star

  19. AAS 227: Day 1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2016-01-01

    )This afternoon breakout session included a drinking-from-the-firehose set of short talks that covered everything from source-code management and software testing to building communities that create sustainable code. First, Kenza Arraki discussed software such as Git to do version control to keep track of code changes. (Version Control is my (science) New Years Resolution, so I was happy to learn that there is aCodeAcademy tutorial for Git!). Next up, AdrianPrice-Whelan described the merits of software testing and suggests that we actually do Test-driven development where we write tests for the code first, then write code, run tests and debug until tests all pass. Erik Tollerud spoke on Why Document code and how you might convince yourself to do so (documenting code is another good science New Years Resolution!) The most important rule is to always document as you code because you wont ever go back! Bruce Berriman described the best practices for code release, including, importantly, licensing it and describing it well (with tutorials, examples). Matthew Turk reminded us the importance of building community around code development. Robert Nemiroff ended the talks with a discussion of what to do withdeadcodes. The lowest bar? Put it in your Dropbox and share it with your collaborators and students!For more info on all of these topics and more, consider attending a Software Carpentry workshop.

  20. UVES Analyses the Universe: A First Portfolio of Most Promising Results

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2000-04-01

    formation rate at this early stage of the evolution of the galaxy. Notes [1] 1 billion = 1,000 million. [2] These figures indicate the percentage of the photons from a celestial object entering the UVES spectrograph slit that are effectively registered by the detectors. For comparison, astronomical spectrographs constructed in the early 1990's only reached efficiencies of the order of 5% and 10% in these wavebands, respectively. The very effective performance of UVES thus signifies another important gain (in addition to that caused by the large mirror of KUEYEN), allowing comparatively fainter objects to be observed, or shorter integration times in the case of brighter objects. [3] The "spectral resolution" indicates the amount of spectral detail that is registered. The number is calculated as the wavelength of observation, divided by the smallest wavelength difference at which two spectral lines can still be resolved. A resolution of 115,000 at the wavelength of H-alpha, a prominent hydrogen emission line at 656.2 nm in the red spectral region, thus corresponds to the possibility of recording individual spectral features that are only 0.006 nm apart (or a velocity difference of about 0.26 km/sec). [4] The UVES Instrument Science Team was constituted at the end of 1992 and is composed by Bengt Gustafsson (Uppsala Observatory, Sweden), Herman Hensberge (Royal Observatory, Bruxelles, Belgium), Paolo Molaro (Trieste Astronomical Observatory, Italy) and Poul Erik Nissen (Chairman, Aarhus University, Denmark). The team members followed the development of the instrument from the early design phase to its installation at Paranal, providing timely advice on all science-related matters. Antoinette Songaila (Hawaii, USA) and Francesco Bertola (Padova, Italy) also contributed to the first evaluation of the data. A. The Beryllium Abundance in Extremely Metal-Poor Stars Together with lithium (Li) and boron (B), beryllium (Be) belongs to a small group of elements (the "light elements