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Sample records for laparoscopic surgery randomised

  1. Laparoscopic surgery - series (image)

    MedlinePlus

    ... performed laparoscopically, including gallbladder removal (laparoscopic cholecystectomy), esophageal surgery (laparoscopic fundoplication), colon surgery (laparoscopic colectomy), and surgery on ...

  2. [Impact of telmisartan on glomerular filtration in laparoscopic surgery. A double blinded randomised controlled study].

    PubMed

    Fuentes-Reyes, Rodolfo Alejandro; Pacheco-Patiño, Mariel Fernanda; Ponce-Escobedo, Aurora Natalia; Muñoz-Maldonado, Gerardo Enrique; Hernandez-Guedea, Marco Antonio

    Laparoscopic surgery has begun to replace a great number of procedures that were previously practiced using open or conventional techniques. This is due to the minimal invasion, small incisions, and short time recovery. However, it has come to knowledge, that the increase in intra-abdominal pressure due to carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopic surgery causes cardiovascular, respiratory, endocrine, and renal alterations. To evaluate the nephroprotective effect of telmisartan, an angiotensin II AT1 receptor antagonist, on glomerular filtration in laparoscopic surgery. Analytical prospective, randomised, double-blind study was conducted on patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. They were randomised into 2 groups, with the treatment group receiving a single dose of 40mg telmisartan orally 2hours prior to surgery, and the placebo group. There were 20 patients in each group (n=40), with a mean age of 32.65 years in the treatment group. Plasma creatinine did not show any significant change in the different time lapse in which blood samples were taken, but creatinine clearance at the end of surgery (196.415±56.507 vs. 150.1995±75.081; p=0.034), and at 2 h postoperative period (162.105±44.756 vs. 113.235±31.228; p≤0.001) was statistically significant, which supports an increase in renal function in the telmisartan group. The use of telmisartan, an angiotensin II AT1 receptor antagonist, offers renal protection during laparoscopic surgery. Copyright © 2016 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  3. Laparoscopic surgery versus open surgery for colon cancer: short-term outcomes of a randomised trial.

    PubMed

    Veldkamp, Ruben; Kuhry, Esther; Hop, Wim C J; Jeekel, J; Kazemier, G; Bonjer, H Jaap; Haglind, Eva; Påhlman, Lars; Cuesta, Miguel A; Msika, Simon; Morino, Mario; Lacy, Antonio M

    2005-07-01

    The safety and short-term benefits of laparoscopic colectomy for cancer remain debatable. The multicentre COLOR (COlon cancer Laparoscopic or Open Resection) trial was done to assess the safety and benefit of laparoscopic resection compared with open resection for curative treatment of patients with cancer of the right or left colon. 627 patients were randomly assigned to laparoscopic surgery and 621 patients to open surgery. The primary endpoint was cancer-free survival 3 years after surgery. Secondary outcomes were short-term morbidity and mortality, number of positive resection margins, local recurrence, port-site or wound-site recurrence, metastasis, overall survival, and blood loss during surgery. Analysis was by intention to treat. Here, clinical characteristics, operative findings, and postoperative outcome are reported. Patients assigned laparoscopic resection had less blood loss compared with those assigned open resection (median 100 mL [range 0-2700] vs 175 mL [0-2000], p<0.0001), although laparoscopic surgery lasted 30 min longer than did open surgery (p<0.0001). Conversion to open surgery was needed for 91 (17%) patients undergoing the laparoscopic procedure. Radicality of resection as assessed by number of removed lymph nodes and length of resected oral and aboral bowel did not differ between groups. Laparoscopic colectomy was associated with earlier recovery of bowel function (p<0.0001), need for fewer analgesics, and with a shorter hospital stay (p<0.0001) compared with open colectomy. Morbidity and mortality 28 days after colectomy did not differ between groups. Laparoscopic surgery can be used for safe and radical resection of cancer in the right, left, and sigmoid colon.

  4. Ten-year outcomes of a randomised trial of laparoscopic versus open surgery for colon cancer.

    PubMed

    Deijen, Charlotte L; Vasmel, Jeanine E; de Lange-de Klerk, Elly S M; Cuesta, Miguel A; Coene, Peter-Paul L O; Lange, Johan F; Meijerink, W J H Jeroen; Jakimowicz, Jack J; Jeekel, Johannes; Kazemier, Geert; Janssen, Ignace M C; Påhlman, Lars; Haglind, Eva; Bonjer, H Jaap

    2017-06-01

    Laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer is associated with improved recovery and similar cancer outcomes at 3 and 5 years in comparison with open surgery. However, long-term survival rates have rarely been reported. Here, we present survival and recurrence rates of the Dutch patients included in the COlon cancer Laparoscopic or Open Resection (COLOR) trial at 10-year follow-up. Between March 1997 and March 2003, patients with non-metastatic colon cancer were recruited by 29 hospitals in eight countries and randomised to either laparoscopic or open surgery. Main inclusion criterion for the COLOR trial was solitary adenocarcinoma of the left or right colon. The primary outcome was disease-free survival at 3 years, and secondary outcomes included overall survival and recurrence. The 10-year follow-up data of all Dutch patients were collected. Analysis was by intention-to-treat. The trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT00387842). In total, 1248 patients were randomised, of which 329 were Dutch. Fifty-eight Dutch patients were excluded and 15 were lost to follow-up, leaving 256 patients for 10-year analysis. Median follow-up was 112 months. Disease-free survival rates were 45.2 % in the laparoscopic group and 43.2 % in the open group (difference 2.0 %; 95 % confidence interval (CI) -10.3 to 14.3; p = 0.96). Overall survival rates were 48.4 and 46.7 %, respectively (difference 1.7 %; 95 % CI -10.6 to 14.0; p = 0.83). Stage-specific analysis revealed similar survival rates for both groups. Sixty-two patients were diagnosed with recurrent disease, accounting for 29.4 % in the laparoscopic group and 28.2 % in the open group (difference 1.2 %; 95 % CI -11.1 to 13.5; p = 0.73). Seven patients had port- or wound-site recurrences (laparoscopic n = 3 vs. open n = 4). Laparoscopic surgery for non-metastatic colon cancer is associated with similar rates of disease-free survival, overall survival and recurrences as open surgery at 10-year follow-up.

  5. Laparoscopic Surgery

    MedlinePlus

    ... surgeon’s perspective, laparoscopic surgery may allow for easier dissection of abdominal scar tissue (adhesions), less surgical trauma, ... on Facebook About ACG ACG Store ACG Patient Education & Resource Center Home GI Health and Disease Recursos ...

  6. No benefit from perioperative intravenous lidocaine in laparoscopic renal surgery: a randomised, placebo-controlled study.

    PubMed

    Wuethrich, Patrick Y; Romero, Jacobo; Burkhard, Fiona C; Curatolo, Michele

    2012-11-01

    There is evidence that perioperative intravenous lidocaine administration can reduce analgesic requirement, improve recovery of bowel function and shorten the length of hospital stay. Its effect in laparoscopic renal surgery has not been investigated. To evaluate the effect of systemic lidocaine on the length of hospital stay, readiness for discharge, opioid requirement, bowel function and inflammatory and stress response after laparoscopic renal surgery. Randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Single tertiary centre where the study was carried out between July 2009 and February 2011. Sixty-four patients completed the study. Inclusion criteria were laparoscopic renal surgery and American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I to III. Exclusion criteria were steroid therapy, chronic opioid therapy, allergy to lidocaine, pre-existing bowel dysfunction and arrhythmia. Lidocaine was given as a 1.5 mg kg(-1) bolus during induction of anaesthesia, followed by an intraoperative infusion of 2 and 1.3 mg kg(-1) h(-1) for 24 h postoperatively. Primary outcome was the length of hospital stay. Secondary outcomes were readiness for discharge, opioid consumption, sedation, incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), return of bowel function and inflammatory and stress responses. Length of hospital stay. The length of hospital stay did not differ between the groups [6 days for the lidocaine group, interquartile range (IQR) 5 to 7, range 2 to 8 vs. 5 days for the placebo group, IQR 5 to 6, range 2 to 11; P = 0.24). Lidocaine had no effect on readiness for discharge [4 days for the lidocaine group (IQR 5 to 7, range 2 to 8) vs. 4 days for the placebo group (IQR 5 to 7, range 2 to 11); P = 0.26], opioid consumption, postoperative sedation, PONV, return of bowel function and plasma concentrations of C-reactive protein, procalcitonin and cortisol. Systemic perioperative lidocaine administration over 24 h did not influence the length of the hospital stay

  7. Topical anaesthetic patches for postoperative wound pain in laparoscopic gynaecological surgery: a prospective, blinded and randomised trial.

    PubMed

    Berlit, Sebastian; Tuschy, Benjamin; Brade, Joachim; Hüttner, Franz; Hornemann, Amadeus; Sütterlin, Marc

    2015-03-01

    Aim of this prospective study was to investigate the effectiveness of eutectic mixture of local anaesthetic (EMLA) patches on every abdominal incision for pain relief after gynaecologic laparoscopic surgery. A total of 121 women were prospectively randomised to receive either placebo (control group) or EMLA (study group) patches on all abdominal incisions. Postoperative pain was assessed 24 and 48 h after surgery using the short form of the McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ). The amount of analgesic pain medication on demand was assessed in both groups. Sixty women were allocated to the study group and 61 patients to the control group before laparoscopic surgery. There were no statistically significant differences regarding age, body mass index (BMI), duration of surgery and blood loss comparing both groups. There were no statistically significant differences between both groups with regard to postoperative total pain scores 24 h (McGill total score: 31.77 ± 27.95 vs. 36.80 ± 31.39, p = 0.3535) and 48 h (McGill total score: 19.18 ± 20.09 vs. 26.61 ± 27.70, p = 0.0942) after surgery. Time to mobilisation after surgery (hours) was significantly shorter in the study group (5.01 ± 3.72 vs. 5.78 ± 3.04, p = 0.0423). Despite of a significant reduction of time for mobilisation transdermal anaesthetic patches after gynaecologic laparoscopic surgery did not lead to decreased postoperative pain scores.

  8. Validation of virtual reality to teach and assess psychomotor skills in laparoscopic surgery: results from randomised controlled studies using the MIST VR laparoscopic simulator.

    PubMed

    Taffinder, N; Sutton, C; Fishwick, R J; McManus, I C; Darzi, A

    1998-01-01

    Objective assessment of surgical technique is currently impossible. A virtual reality simulator for laparoscopic surgery (MIST VR) models the movements needed to perform minimally invasive surgery and can generate a score for various aspects of psychomotor skill. Two studies were performed using the simulator: first to assess surgeons of different surgical experience to validate the scoring system; second to assess in a randomised controlled way, the effect of a standard laparoscopic surgery training course. Experienced surgeons (> 100 laparoscopic cholecystectomies) were significantly more efficient, made less correctional submovements and completed the virtual reality tasks faster than trainee surgeons or non-surgeons. The training course caused an improvement in efficiency and a reduction in errors, without a significant increase in speed when compared with the control group. The MIST VR simulator can objectively assess a number of desirable qualities in laparoscopic surgery, and can distinguish between experienced and novice surgeons. We have also quantified the beneficial effect of a structured training course on psychomotor skill acquisition.

  9. Laparoscopic Spine Surgery

    MedlinePlus

    ... the vicinity where the spine surgeon is working. Alternatives to Laparoscopic Surgery What Other Treatment Options are ... questions about your need for spine surgery, your alternatives, billing or insurance coverage, or your surgeon’s training ...

  10. A randomised controlled trial comparing sugammadex and neostigmine at different depths of neuromuscular blockade in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Geldner, G; Niskanen, M; Laurila, P; Mizikov, V; Hübler, M; Beck, G; Rietbergen, H; Nicolayenko, E

    2012-09-01

    Deep neuromuscular blockade during certain surgical procedures may improve operating conditions. Sugammadex can be used to reverse deep neuromuscular blockade without waiting for spontaneous recovery. This randomised study compared recovery times from neuromuscular blockade induced by rocuronium 0.6 mg.kg(-1), using sugammadex 4 mg.kg(-1) administered at 1-2 post-tetanic count (deep blockade) or neostigmine 50 μg.kg(-1) (plus atropine 10 μg.kg(-1)) administered at the re-appearance of the second twitch of a train-of-four stimulation (moderate blockade), in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. The primary efficacy variable was the time from the start of sugammadex/neostigmine administration to recovery of the train-of-four ratio to 0.9. Patients receiving sugammadex recovered 3.4 times faster than patients receiving neostigmine (geometric mean (95% CI) recovery times of 2.4 (2.1-2.7) and 8.4 (7.2-9.8) min, respectively, p<0.0001). Moreover, 94% (62/66) of sugammadex-treated patients recovered within 5 min, vs 20% (13/65) of neostigmine-treated patients, despite the difference in the depth of neuromuscular blockade at the time of administration of both drugs. The ability to provide deep neuromuscular blockade throughout the procedure but still permit reversal at the end of surgery may enable improved surgical access and an enhanced visual field.

  11. Laparoscopic Surgery - What Is It?

    MedlinePlus

    ... Surgery - What is it? Laparoscopic Surgery - What is it? Laparoscopic Surgery - What is it? | ASCRS WHAT IS LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY? Laparoscopic or “minimally ... information about the management of the conditions addressed. It should be recognized that these brochures should not ...

  12. Simulation in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    León Ferrufino, Felipe; Varas Cohen, Julián; Buckel Schaffner, Erwin; Crovari Eulufi, Fernando; Pimentel Müller, Fernando; Martínez Castillo, Jorge; Jarufe Cassis, Nicolás; Boza Wilson, Camilo

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays surgical trainees are faced with a more reduced surgical practice, due to legal limitations and work hourly constraints. Also, currently surgeons are expected to dominate more complex techniques such as laparoscopy. Simulation emerges as a complementary learning tool in laparoscopic surgery, by training in a safe, controlled and standardized environment, without jeopardizing patient' safety. Simulation' objective is that the skills acquired should be transferred to the operating room, allowing reduction of learning curves. The use of simulation has increased worldwide, becoming an important tool in different surgical residency programs and laparoscopic training courses. For several countries, the approval of these training courses are a prerequisite for the acquisition of surgeon title certifications. This article reviews the most important aspects of simulation in laparoscopic surgery, including the most used simulators and training programs, as well as the learning methodologies and the different key ways to assess learning in simulation.

  13. Laparoscopic surgery in weightlessness

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Campbell, M. R.; Billica, R. D.; Jennings, R.; Johnston, S. 3rd

    1996-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Performing a surgical procedure in weightlessness has been shown not to be any more difficult than in a 1g environment if the requirements for the restraint of the patient, operator, and surgical hardware are observed. The feasibility of performing a laparoscopic surgical procedure in weightlessness, however, has been questionable. Concerns have included the impaired visualization from the lack of gravitational retraction of the bowel and from floating debris such as blood. METHODS: In this project, laparoscopic surgery was performed on a porcine animal model in the weightlessness of parabolic flight. RESULTS: Visualization was unaffected due to the tethering of the bowel by the elastic mesentery and the strong tendency for debris and blood to adhere to the abdominal wall due to surface tension forces. CONCLUSIONS: There are advantages to performing a laparoscopic instead of an open surgical procedure in a weightless environment. These will become important as the laparoscopic support hardware is miniaturized from its present form, as laparoscopic technology becomes more advanced, and as more surgically capable crew medical officers are present in future long-duration space-exploration missions.

  14. Laparoscopic surgery in weightlessness

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Campbell, M. R.; Billica, R. D.; Jennings, R.; Johnston, S. 3rd

    1996-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Performing a surgical procedure in weightlessness has been shown not to be any more difficult than in a 1g environment if the requirements for the restraint of the patient, operator, and surgical hardware are observed. The feasibility of performing a laparoscopic surgical procedure in weightlessness, however, has been questionable. Concerns have included the impaired visualization from the lack of gravitational retraction of the bowel and from floating debris such as blood. METHODS: In this project, laparoscopic surgery was performed on a porcine animal model in the weightlessness of parabolic flight. RESULTS: Visualization was unaffected due to the tethering of the bowel by the elastic mesentery and the strong tendency for debris and blood to adhere to the abdominal wall due to surface tension forces. CONCLUSIONS: There are advantages to performing a laparoscopic instead of an open surgical procedure in a weightless environment. These will become important as the laparoscopic support hardware is miniaturized from its present form, as laparoscopic technology becomes more advanced, and as more surgically capable crew medical officers are present in future long-duration space-exploration missions.

  15. Single incision laparoscopic surgery in general surgery: a review.

    PubMed

    Greaves, N; Nicholson, J

    2011-09-01

    Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is a rapidly developing field that may represent the future of laparoscopic surgery. The major advantage of SILS over standard laparoscopic surgery is in cosmesis, with surgery becoming essentially scarless if the incision is hidden within the umbilicus. Only one incision is required so the risk of potential complications like port site hernias, haematomas and wound infection is reduced. The trade-off for this is a technically more challenging procedure with different underlying principles to that of traditional laparoscopic surgery. A wide variety of new equipment has been developed to support SILS and the range of procedures that are amenable to the technique is increasing. To date most of the published data relating to SILS are in the form of case series, with the first large randomised controlled trials due to be completed by the end of 2012. The existing evidence suggests that SILS is similar to standard laparoscopic surgery in terms of complication rates, completion rates and post-operative pain scores. However, the duration of SILS is longer than equivalent laparoscopic procedures. This article discusses SILS with regard to its applications in general surgery and reviews the evidence currently available.

  16. [Laparoscopic surgery: planning program].

    PubMed

    Sarli, L; Pietra, N; Carreras, F; Longinotti, E

    1992-01-01

    Performing laparoscopic surgery requires an initial training program. A well-planned organization is essential and the surgeon has to become first familiar with the new procedures; the choice of the necessary equipment is the second step. Upkeep of surgical instruments and a careful consideration of legal aspects are the next important steps. Several areas of a planning program are evaluated on the basis of the authors' experience.

  17. Virtual reality in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Uranüs, Selman; Yanik, Mustafa; Bretthauer, Georg

    2004-01-01

    Although the many advantages of laparoscopic surgery have made it an established technique, training in laparoscopic surgery posed problems not encountered in conventional surgical training. Virtual reality simulators open up new perspectives for training in laparoscopic surgery. Under realistic conditions in real time, trainees can tailor their sessions with the VR simulator to suit their needs and goals, and can repeat exercises as often as they wish. VR simulators reduce the number of experimental animals needed for training purposes and are suited to the pursuit of research in laparoscopic surgery.

  18. Randomised, double-blind, parallel group, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the analgesic efficacy and safety of VVZ-149 injections for postoperative pain following laparoscopic colorectal surgery

    PubMed Central

    Nedeljkovic, Srdjan S; Correll, Darin J; Bao, Xiaodong; Zamor, Natacha; Zeballos, Jose L; Zhang, Yi; Young, Mark J; Ledley, Johanna; Sorace, Jessica; Eng, Kristen; Hamsher, Carlyle P; Maniam, Rajivan; Chin, Jonathan W; Tsui, Becky; Cho, Sunyoung; Lee, Doo H

    2017-01-01

    Introduction In spite of advances in understanding and technology, postoperative pain remains poorly treated for a significant number of patients. In colorectal surgery, the need for developing novel analgesics is especially important. Patients after bowel surgery are assessed for rapid return of bowel function and opioids worsen ileus, nausea and constipation. We describe a prospective, double-blind, parallel group, placebo-controlled randomised controlled trial testing the hypothesis that a novel analgesic drug, VVZ -149, is safe and effective in improving pain compared with providing opioid analgesia alone among adults undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Methods and analysis Based on sample size calculations for primary outcome, we plan to enrol 120 participants. Adult patients without significant medical comorbidities or ongoing opioid use and who are undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery will be enrolled. Participants are randomly assigned to receive either VVZ-149 with intravenous (IV) hydromorphone patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) or the control intervention (IV PCA alone) in the postoperative period. The primary outcome is the Sum of Pain Intensity Difference over 8 hours (SPID-8 postdose). Participants receive VVZ-149 for 8 hours postoperatively to the primary study end point, after which they continue to be assessed for up to 24 hours. We measure opioid consumption, record pain intensity and pain relief, and evaluate the number of rescue doses and requests for opioid. To assess safety, we record sedation, nausea and vomiting, respiratory depression, laboratory tests and ECG readings after study drug administration. We evaluate for possible confounders of analgesic response, such as anxiety, depression and catastrophising behaviours. The study will also collect blood sample data and evaluate for pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic relationships. Ethics and dissemination Ethical approval of the study protocol has been obtained from

  19. Immunological response in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Smit, M J; Beelen, R H; Eijsbouts, Q A; Meijer, S; Cuesta, M A

    1996-01-01

    Immunological response to surgical trauma may be protected during laparoscopic surgery. A less surgical trauma, in comparison with conventional surgery, may explained these important advantages. Plasma and macrophages studies have demonstrated that laparoscopic cholecystectomy causes less depression of cell mediated immunity than open cholecystectomy. What will be the impact of this immunological protection in laparoscopic advanced and oncological surgery? Experimental studies have showed that laparoscopic techniques in advanced and oncological surgery may have important advantages concerning the "preservation of the immune status" of the patient. That will imply in the future a lower percentage of infections, local recurrence and even a lower percentage of distant metastases. On the other hand, the appearance of tumor implants in the port sites after laparoscopic resection for cancer is a significant drawback of this procedure. Proper investigations have to be carried out in order to find the cause and the solution of this dilemma.

  20. Randomised, double-blind, parallel group, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the analgesic efficacy and safety of VVZ-149 injections for postoperative pain following laparoscopic colorectal surgery.

    PubMed

    Nedeljkovic, Srdjan S; Correll, Darin J; Bao, Xiaodong; Zamor, Natacha; Zeballos, Jose L; Zhang, Yi; Young, Mark J; Ledley, Johanna; Sorace, Jessica; Eng, Kristen; Hamsher, Carlyle P; Maniam, Rajivan; Chin, Jonathan W; Tsui, Becky; Cho, Sunyoung; Lee, Doo H

    2017-02-17

    In spite of advances in understanding and technology, postoperative pain remains poorly treated for a significant number of patients. In colorectal surgery, the need for developing novel analgesics is especially important. Patients after bowel surgery are assessed for rapid return of bowel function and opioids worsen ileus, nausea and constipation. We describe a prospective, double-blind, parallel group, placebo-controlled randomised controlled trial testing the hypothesis that a novel analgesic drug, VVZ -149, is safe and effective in improving pain compared with providing opioid analgesia alone among adults undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Based on sample size calculations for primary outcome, we plan to enrol 120 participants. Adult patients without significant medical comorbidities or ongoing opioid use and who are undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery will be enrolled. Participants are randomly assigned to receive either VVZ-149 with intravenous (IV) hydromorphone patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) or the control intervention (IV PCA alone) in the postoperative period. The primary outcome is the Sum of Pain Intensity Difference over 8 hours (SPID-8 postdose). Participants receive VVZ-149 for 8 hours postoperatively to the primary study end point, after which they continue to be assessed for up to 24 hours. We measure opioid consumption, record pain intensity and pain relief, and evaluate the number of rescue doses and requests for opioid. To assess safety, we record sedation, nausea and vomiting, respiratory depression, laboratory tests and ECG readings after study drug administration. We evaluate for possible confounders of analgesic response, such as anxiety, depression and catastrophising behaviours. The study will also collect blood sample data and evaluate for pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic relationships. Ethical approval of the study protocol has been obtained from Institutional Review Boards at the participating institutions

  1. Error analysis in laparoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gantert, Walter A.; Tendick, Frank; Bhoyrul, Sunil; Tyrrell, Dana; Fujino, Yukio; Rangel, Shawn; Patti, Marco G.; Way, Lawrence W.

    1998-06-01

    Iatrogenic complications in laparoscopic surgery, as in any field, stem from human error. In recent years, cognitive psychologists have developed theories for understanding and analyzing human error, and the application of these principles has decreased error rates in the aviation and nuclear power industries. The purpose of this study was to apply error analysis to laparoscopic surgery and evaluate its potential for preventing complications. Our approach is based on James Reason's framework using a classification of errors according to three performance levels: at the skill- based performance level, slips are caused by attention failures, and lapses result form memory failures. Rule-based mistakes constitute the second level. Knowledge-based mistakes occur at the highest performance level and are caused by shortcomings in conscious processing. These errors committed by the performer 'at the sharp end' occur in typical situations which often times are brought about by already built-in latent system failures. We present a series of case studies in laparoscopic surgery in which errors are classified and the influence of intrinsic failures and extrinsic system flaws are evaluated. Most serious technical errors in lap surgery stem from a rule-based or knowledge- based mistake triggered by cognitive underspecification due to incomplete or illusory visual input information. Error analysis in laparoscopic surgery should be able to improve human performance, and it should detect and help eliminate system flaws. Complication rates in laparoscopic surgery due to technical errors can thus be considerably reduced.

  2. Pain after laparoscopic antireflux surgery

    PubMed Central

    Szczebiot, L; Peyser, PM

    2014-01-01

    Introduction The benefits of antireflux surgery are well established. Laparoscopic techniques have been shown to be generally safe and effective. The aim of this paper was to review the subject of pain following laparoscopic antireflux surgery. Methods A systematic review of the literature was conducted using the PubMed database to identify all studies reporting pain after laparoscopic antireflux surgery. Publications were included for the main analysis if they contained at least 30 patients. Operations in children, Collis gastroplasty procedures, endoluminal fundoplication and surgery for paraoesophageal hernias were excluded. The frequency of postoperative pain was calculated and the causes/management were reviewed. An algorithm for the investigation of patients with pain following laparoscopic fundoplication was constructed. Results A total of 17 studies were included in the main analysis. Abdominal pain and chest pain following laparoscopic fundoplication were reported in 24.0% and 19.5% of patients respectively. Pain was mild or moderate in the majority and severe in 4%. Frequency of pain was not associated with operation type. The authors include their experience in managing patients with persistent, severe epigastric pain following laparoscopic anterior fundoplication. Conclusions Pain following laparoscopic antireflux surgery occurs in over 20% of patients. Some have an obvious complication or a diagnosis made through routine investigation. Most have mild to moderate pain with minimal effect on quality of life. In a smaller proportion of patients, pain is severe, persistent and can be disabling. In this group, diagnosis is more difficult but systematic investigation can be rewarding, and can enable appropriate and successful treatment. PMID:24780664

  3. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy under spinal anaesthesia: A prospective, randomised study

    PubMed Central

    Tiwari, Sangeeta; Chauhan, Ashutosh; Chaterjee, Pallab; Alam, Mohammed T

    2013-01-01

    CONTEXT: Spinal anaesthesia has been reported as an alternative to general anaesthesia for performing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). AIMS: Study aimed to evaluate efficacy, safety and cost benefit of conducting laparoscopic cholecystectomy under spinal anaesthesia (SA) in comparison to general anaesthesia(GA) SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A prospective, randomised study conducted over a two year period at an urban, non teaching hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients meeting inclusion criteria e randomised into two groups. Group A and Group B received general and spinal anaesthesia by standardised techniques. Both groups underwent standard four port laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Mean anaesthesia time, pneumoperitoneum time and surgery time defined primary outcome measures. Intraoperative events and post operative pain score were secondary outcome measure. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: The Student t test, Pearson′s chi-square test and Fisher exact test. RESULTS: Out of 235 cases enrolled in the study, 114 cases in Group A and 110 in Group B analysed. Mean anaesthesia time appeared to be more in the GA group (49.45 vs. 40.64, P = 0.02) while pneumoperitoneum time and corresponding the total surgery time was slightly longer in the SA group. 27/117 cases who received SA experienced intraoperative events, four significant enough to convert to GA. No postoperative complications noted in either group. Pain relief significantly more in SA group in immediate post operative period (06 and 12 hours) but same as GA group at time of discharge (24 hours). No late postoperative complication or readmission noted in either group. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy done under spinal anaesthesia as a routine anaesthesia of choice is feasible and safe. Spinal anaesthesia can be recommended to be the anaesthesia technique of choice for conducting laparoscopic cholecystectomy in hospital setups in developing countries where cost factor is a major factor. PMID:23741111

  4. Combined procedures in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Wadhwa, Atul; Chowbey, Pradeep K; Sharma, Anil; Khullar, Rajesh; Soni, Vandana; Baijal, Manish

    2003-12-01

    With advancements in minimal access surgery, combined laparoscopic procedures are now being performed for treating coexisting abdominal pathologies at the same surgery. In our center, we performed 145 combined surgical procedures from January 1999 to December 2002. Of the 145 procedures, 130 were combined laparoscopic/endoscopic procedures and 15 were open procedures combined with endoscopic procedures. The combination included laparoscopic cholecystectomy, various hernia repairs, and gynecological procedures like hysterectomy, salpingectomy, ovarian cystectomy, tubal ligation, urological procedures, fundoplication, splenectomy, hemicolectomy, and cystogastrostomy. In the same period, 40 patients who had undergone laparoscopic cholecystectomy and 40 patients who had undergone ventral hernia repair were randomly selected for comparison of intraoperative outcomes with a combined procedure group. All the combined surgical procedures were performed successfully. The most common procedure was laparoscopic cholecystectomy with another endoscopic procedure in 129 patients. The mean operative time was 100 minutes (range 30-280 minutes). The longest time was taken for the patient who had undergone laparoscopic splenectomy with renal transplant (280 minutes). The mean hospital stay was 3.2 days (range 1-21 days). The pain experienced in the postoperative period measured on the visual analogue scale ranged from 2 to 5 with a mean of 3.1. Of 145 patients who underwent combined surgical procedures, 5 patients developed fever in the immediate postoperative period, 7 patients had port site hematoma, 5 patients developed wound sepsis, and 10 patients had urinary retention. As long as the basic surgical principles and indications for combined procedures are adhered to, more patients with concomitant pathologies can enjoy the benefit of minimal access surgery. Minimal access surgery is feasible and appears to have several advantages in simultaneous management of two different

  5. Laparoscopic colonic surgery--mission accomplished or work in progress?

    PubMed

    Kehlet, H; Kennedy, R H

    2006-07-01

    Laparoscopic colonic resection may facilitate early postoperative recovery due to reduced surgical stress, pain and ileus. However, large randomised studies have only shown marginal improvements in outcome compared with open surgery, reporting a median hospital stay of about 5-7 days. Concomitant with these developments multimodal rehabilitation, which involves a revision of general postoperative care principles, improved pain relief with epidural analgesia and early oral nutrition and mobilization, has demonstrated greater improvements in recovery after open surgery, resulting in a median hospital stay of about 2-4 days. Recent single centre, randomised studies where laparoscopic and open colonic resection are combined with multimodal rehabilitation have not resolved the debate regarding which is the optimal operative technique. Therefore, new strategies are required to integrate laparoscopy with multimodal rehabilitation in order to establish its advantages, cost effectiveness and indications in specific groups of patients or colorectal procedures, thus justifying widespread application of the laparoscopic technique.

  6. [Laparoscopic surgery in ectopic pregnancy].

    PubMed

    Rachev, E; Novachkov, V

    1995-01-01

    The authors present two cases of women with unruptured tubal pregnancies who were treated by methods of laparoscopic surgery. A salpingotomy as well as an aspiration of the pregnancy was performed. The operations reported are the first in gynaecological practice in Bulgaria and the operative technique is described.

  7. Using a laparoscope manipulator (LAPMAN) in laparoscopic gynecological surgery.

    PubMed

    Polet, Roland; Donnez, Jaques

    2008-01-01

    The LAPMAN (Medsys, Gembloux, BELGIUM) is a dynamic laparoscope holder guided by a joystick clipped onto the laparoscopic instruments under the index finger of the operator. It confers optimal control of the visual field while operating, ensures stable and smooth displacement of the laparoscope, and allows the operator to work in conditions of restricted surgical assistance, due to either unavailability of staff or economic constraints. It has been tested successfully in pilot studies in laparoscopic gynecologic surgery.

  8. A multicentre, randomised, controlled trial to assess the safety, ease of use, and reliability of hyaluronic acid/carboxymethylcellulose powder adhesion barrier versus no barrier in colorectal laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Berdah, Stéphane V; Mariette, Christophe; Denet, Christine; Panis, Yves; Laurent, Christophe; Cotte, Eddy; Huten, Nöel; Le Peillet Feuillet, Eliane; Duron, Jean-Jacques

    2014-10-27

    Intra-peritoneal adhesions are frequent following abdominal surgery and are the most common cause of small bowel obstructions. A hyaluronic acid/carboxymethylcellulose (HA/CMC) film adhesion barrier has been shown to reduce adhesion formation in abdominal surgery. An HA/CMC powder formulation was developed for application during laparoscopic procedures. This was an exploratory, prospective, randomised, single-blind, parallel-group, Phase IIIb, multicentre study conducted at 15 hospitals in France to assess the safety of HA/CMC powder versus no adhesion barrier following laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Subjects ≥18 years of age who were scheduled for colorectal laparoscopy (Mangram contamination class I‒III) within 8 weeks of selection were eligible, regardless of aetiology. Participants were randomised 1:1 to the HA/CMC powder or no adhesion barrier group using a centralised randomisation list. Patients assigned to HA/CMC powder received a single application of 1 to 10 g on adhesion-prone areas. In the no adhesion barrier group, no adhesion barrier or placebo was applied. The primary safety assessments were the incidence of adverse events, serious adverse events, and surgical site infections (SSIs) for 30 days following surgery. Between-group comparisons were made using Fisher's exact test. Of those randomised to the HA/CMC powder (n = 105) or no adhesion barrier (n = 104) groups, one patient in each group discontinued prior to the study end (one death in each group). Adverse events were more frequent in the HA/CMC powder group versus the no adhesion barrier group (63% vs. 39%; P <0.001), as were serious adverse events (28% vs. 11%; P <0.001). There were no statistically significant differences between the HA/CMC powder group and the no adhesion barrier group in SSIs (21% vs. 14%; P = 0.216) and serious SSIs (12% vs. 9%; P = 0.38), or in the most frequent serious SSIs of pelvic abscess (5% and 2%; significance not tested), anastomotic fistula (3% and 4%), and

  9. Anesthetic implications of laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed Central

    Cunningham, A. J.

    1998-01-01

    Minimally invasive therapy aims to minimize the trauma of any interventional process but still achieve a satisfactory therapeutic result. The development of "critical pathways," rapid mobilization and early feeding have contributed towards the goal of shorter hospital stay. This concept has been extended to include laparoscopic cholecystectomy and hernia repair. Reports have been published confirming the safety of same day discharge for the majority of patients. However, we would caution against overenthusiastic ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy on the rational but unproven assumption that early discharge will lead to occasional delays in diagnosis and management of postoperative complications. Intraoperative complications of laparoscopic surgery are mostly due to traumatic injuries sustained during blind trocar insertion and physiologic changes associated with patient positioning and pneumoperitoneum creation. General anesthesia and controlled ventilation comprise the accepted anesthetic technique to reduce the increase in PaCO2. Investigators have recently documented the cardiorespiratory compromise associated with upper abdominal laparoscopic surgery, and particular emphasis is placed on careful perioperative monitoring of ASA III-IV patients during insufflation. Setting limits on the inflationary pressure is advised in these patients. Anesthesiologists must maintain a high index of suspicion for complications such as gas embolism, extraperitoneal insufflation and surgical emphysema, pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum. Postoperative nausea and vomiting are among the most common and distressing symptoms after laparoscopic surgery. A highly potent and selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, ondansetron, has proven to be an effective oral and IV prophylaxis against postoperative emesis in preliminary studies. Opioids remain an important component of the anesthesia technique, although the introduction of newer potent NSAIDs may diminish their use. A preoperative

  10. Complications of Laparoscopic Gynecologic Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Fuentes, Mariña Naveiro; Naveiro Rilo, José Cesáreo; Paredes, Aida González; Aguilar Romero, María Teresa; Parra, Jorge Fernández

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: To analyze the frequency of complications during laparoscopic gynecologic surgery and identify associated risk factors. Methods: A descriptive observational study was performed between January 2000 and December 2012 and included all gynecologic laparoscopies performed at our center. Variables were recorded for patient characteristics, indication for surgery, length of hospital stay (in days), major and minor complications, and conversions to laparotomy. To identify risk factors and variables associated with complications, crude and adjusted odds ratios were calculated with unconditional logistic regression. Results: Of all 2888 laparoscopies included, most were procedures of moderate difficulty (adnexal surgery) (54.2%). The overall frequency of major complications was 1.93%, and that of minor complications was 4.29%. The level of technical difficulty and existence of prior abdominal surgery were associated with a higher risk of major complications and conversions to laparotomy. Conclusion: Laparoscopic gynecologic surgery is associated with a low frequency of complications but is a procedure that is not without risk. Greater technical difficulty and prior surgery were factors associated with a higher frequency of complications. PMID:25392659

  11. Day-surgery versus overnight stay surgery for laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    PubMed

    Vaughan, Jessica; Gurusamy, Kurinchi Selvan; Davidson, Brian R

    2013-07-31

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is used to manage symptomatic gallstones. There is considerable controversy regarding whether it should be done as day-surgery or as an overnight stay surgery with regards to patient safety. To assess the impact of day-surgery versus overnight stay laparoscopic cholecystectomy on patient-oriented outcomes such as mortality, severe adverse events, and quality of life. We searched the Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group Controlled Trials Register and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded, and mRCT until September 2012. We included randomised clinical trials comparing day-surgery versus overnight stay surgery for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, irrespective of language or publication status. Two authors independently assessed trials for inclusion and independently extracted the data. We analysed the data with both the fixed-effect and the random-effects models using Review Manager 5 analysis. We calculated the risk ratio (RR), mean difference (MD), or standardised mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) based on intention-to-treat or available case analysis. We identified a total of six trials at high risk of bias involving 492 participants undergoing day-case laparoscopic cholecystectomy (n = 239) versus overnight stay laparoscopic cholecystectomy (n = 253) for symptomatic gallstones. The number of participants in each trial ranged from 28 to 150. The proportion of women in the trials varied between 74% and 84%. The mean or median age in the trials varied between 40 and 47 years.With regards to primary outcomes, only one trial reported short-term mortality. However, the trial stated that there were no deaths in either of the groups. We inferred from the other outcomes that there was no short-term mortality in the remaining trials. Long-term mortality was not reported in any of the trials. There was no significant difference in the

  12. Laparoscopic Anti-Reflux (GERD) Surgery

    MedlinePlus

    ... Sponsorship Opportunities Log In Laparoscopic Anti-Reflux (GERD) Surgery Patient Information from SAGES Download PDF Find a SAGES Surgeon Surgery for “Heartburn” If you suffer from moderate to ...

  13. Laparoscopic revolution in bariatric surgery

    PubMed Central

    Sundbom, Magnus

    2014-01-01

    The history of bariatric surgery is investigational. Dedicated surgeons have continuously sought for an ideal procedure to relieve morbidly obese patients from their burden of comorbid conditions, reduced life expectancy and low quality of life. The ideal procedure must have low complication risk, both in short- and long term, as well as minimal impact on daily life. The revolution of laparoscopic techniques in bariatric surgery is described in this summary. Advances in minimal invasive techniques have contributed to reduced operative time, length of stay, and complications. The development in bariatric surgery has been exceptional, resulting in a dramatic increase of the number of procedures performed world wide during the last decades. Although, a complex bariatric procedure can be performed with operative mortality no greater than cholecystectomy, specific procedure-related complications and other drawbacks must be taken into account. The evolution of laparoscopy will be the legacy of the 21st century and at present, day-care surgery and further reduction of the operative trauma is in focus. The impressive effects on comorbid conditions have prompted the adoption of minimal invasive bariatric procedures into the field of metabolic surgery. PMID:25386062

  14. Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery using Gelport

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Puneet; Bhartia, V K

    2005-01-01

    Introduction: Minimally invasive surgery has revolutionized general surgery during the past 10 years. However, for more advanced surgical procedures, the acceptance of the minimally invasive approach has been slower than expected. Advanced laparoscopic surgery is complex and time-consuming. The major drawbacks of laparoscopic surgery are two-dimensional view, lack of depth perception and loss of tactile sensation. This has led to the innovation of hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS). The objective of the present study was to determine that safety of HALS. Materials and Methods: We preformed 18 HALS procedures in our department between July 2003 and January 2005 on patients who had given their informed consent for the use of Gelport. Out of these, 15 were colectomy, 2 nephrectomy and 1 splenectomy. Out of the 18 patients, 13 were males and 5 were females with the age group ranging from 44 to 72 years. Results: Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery could be completed in 17 patients maintaining all the oncological principals of surgery. The mean operating times were 120 min for right haemicolectomy, 135 min for left colectomy, 150 min for splenectomy, and 150 min for nephrectomy. The patient undergoing radical nephrectomy by HALS had to be converted to open surgery. As the tumour was large and adherent to the spleen and posterior peritoneal wall. Postoperative recovery was excellent with an average hospital stay of 5 days. Histopathology report showed wide clearance and till date we have a good follow up of 30–380 days. Conclusion: Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery allows tactile sensation and depth perception thereby may simplify the complex procedures. This may result in reduction of operating time and conversion rates at the same time maintaining all the oncological principles. Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery strikes a perfect balance between an extended open laparotomy incision and an excessively tedious laparoscopic exercise. Hand assistance is an

  15. Laparoscopic and open surgery for pheochromocytoma

    PubMed Central

    Edwin, Bjørn; Kazaryan, Airazat M; Mala, Tom; Pfeffer, Per F; Tønnessen, Tor Inge; Fosse, Erik

    2001-01-01

    Backround Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a promising alternative to open surgery although concerns exist in regard to laparoscopic treatment of pheocromocytoma. This report compares the outcome of laparoscopic and conventional (open) resection for pheocromocytoma particular in regard to intraoperative hemodynamic stability and postoperative patient comfort. Methods Seven patients laparoscopically treated (1997–2000) and nine patients treated by open resection (1990–1996) at the National Hospital (Rikshospitalet), Oslo. Peroperative hemodynamic stability including need of vasoactive drugs was studied. Postoperative analgesic medication, complications and hospital stay were recorded. Results No laparoscopic resections were converted to open procedure. Patients laparoscopically treated had fewer hypertensive episodes (median 1 vs. 2) and less need of vasoactive drugs peroperatively than patients conventionally operated. There was no difference in operative time between the two groups (median 110 min vs. 125 min for adrenal pheochromocytoma and 235 vs. 210 min for paraganglioma). Postoperative need of analgesic medication (1 vs. 9 patients) and hospital stay (median 3 vs. 6 days) were significantly reduced in patients laparoscopically operated compared to patients treated by the open technique. Conclusion Surgery for pheochromocytoma can be performed laparoscopically with a safety comparable to open resection. However, improved hemodynamic stability peroperatively and less need of postoperative analgesics favour the laparoscopic approach. In experienced hands the laparoscopic technique is concluded to be the method of choice also for pheocromocytoma. PMID:11580870

  16. Do laparoscopic skills transfer to robotic surgery?

    PubMed

    Panait, Lucian; Shetty, Shohan; Shewokis, Patricia A; Sanchez, Juan A

    2014-03-01

    Identifying the set of skills that can transfer from laparoscopic to robotic surgery is an important consideration in designing optimal training curricula. We tested the degree to which laparoscopic skills transfer to a robotic platform. Fourteen medical students and 14 surgery residents with no previous robotic but varying degrees of laparoscopic experience were studied. Three fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery tasks were used on the laparoscopic box trainer and then the da Vinci robot: peg transfer (PT), circle cutting (CC), and intracorporeal suturing (IS). A questionnaire was administered for assessing subjects' comfort level with each task. Standard fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery scoring metric were used and higher scores indicate a superior performance. For the group, PT and CC scores were similar between robotic and laparoscopic modalities (90 versus 90 and 52 versus 47; P > 0.05). However, for the advanced IS task, robotic-IS scores were significantly higher than laparoscopic-IS (80 versus 53; P < 0.001). Subgroup analysis of senior residents revealed a lower robotic-PT score when compared with laparoscopic-PT (92 versus 105; P < 0.05). Scores for CC and IS were similar in this subgroup (64 ± 9 versus 69 ± 15 and 95 ± 3 versus 92 ± 10; P > 0.05). The robot was favored over laparoscopy for all drills (PT, 66.7%; CC, 88.9%; IS, 94.4%). For simple tasks, participants with preexisting skills perform worse with the robot. However, with increasing task difficulty, robotic performance is equal or better than laparoscopy. Laparoscopic skills appear to readily transfer to a robotic platform, and difficult tasks such as IS are actually enhanced, even in subjects naive to the technology. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Laparoscopic surgery in adult cattle.

    PubMed

    Babkine, Marie; Desrochers, André

    2005-03-01

    Laparoscopy in cattle is a promising tool for clinical diagnosis and treatment. The lower cost of the materials available in addition to the possibility of an intervention on an animal that is sedated does not entail more costs than an exploratory laparotomy. The application of this tool during abdominal explorations and biopsies allows the avoidance of invasive and often useless surgical interventions and even with the diagnosis and prognosis of certain conditions. Surgical techniques currently are limited to abomasopexies; however, never-ceasing progress and improvements in human surgery are expected to affect the future of bovine surgery. With the advancements in the multimedia technology used by universities, the use of laparoscopy as a pedagogic tool definitely has a promising future. Endoscopic exploration of the thorax is possible using the same material as for laparoscopy. In addition, diagnostic and biopsy applications are useful. The use of the laparoscope in different body cavities and for different applications would make the purchase of the required materials more cost-effective.

  18. Stress response to laparoscopic surgery: a review.

    PubMed

    Buunen, M; Gholghesaei, M; Veldkamp, R; Meijer, D W; Bonjer, H J; Bouvy, N D

    2004-07-01

    Laparoscopic surgery is associated with reduced surgical trauma, and therefore with a less acute phase response, as compared with open surgery. Impairment of the immune system may enhance surgical infections, port-site metastases, and sepsis. The objectives of this review was to assess immunologic consequences of benign laparoscopic surgery and to highlight controversial aspects. A literature search on stress response to nonmalignant laparoscopic and open surgery was conducted using the MEDLINE and Cochrane databases. Cross-references from the reference list of major articles on the subject were used, as well as manuscripts published between 1993 and 2002. Local (i.e., peritoneal) immune function is affected by carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum. The production of tumor necrosis factor and the phagocytotic capacity of peritoneal macrophages are less lowered. The systemic stress response, as determined by delayed-type hypersensitivity response and leukocyte antigen expression on lymphocytes, shows a preservation of immune function after laparoscopic surgery, as compared with conventional surgery. Intraperitoneal carbon dioxide insufflation attenuates peritoneal immunity, but laparoscopic surgery is associated with a lower systemic stress response than open surgery.

  19. Cardiovascular and Ventilatory Consequences of Laparoscopic Surgery.

    PubMed

    Atkinson, Tamara M; Giraud, George D; Togioka, Brandon M; Jones, Daniel B; Cigarroa, Joaquin E

    2017-02-14

    Although laparoscopic surgery accounts for >2 million surgical procedures every year, the current preoperative risk scores and guidelines do not adequately assess the risks of laparoscopy. In general, laparoscopic procedures have a lower risk of morbidity and mortality compared with operations requiring a midline laparotomy. During laparoscopic surgery, carbon dioxide insufflation may produce significant hemodynamic and ventilatory consequences such as increased intraabdominal pressure and hypercarbia. Hemodynamic insults secondary to increased intraabdominal pressure include increased afterload and preload and decreased cardiac output, whereas ventilatory consequences include increased airway pressures, hypercarbia, and decreased pulmonary compliance. Hemodynamic effects are accentuated in patients with cardiovascular disease such as congestive heart failure, ischemic heart disease, valvular heart disease, pulmonary hypertension, and congenital heart disease. Prevention of cardiovascular complications may be accomplished through a sound understanding of the hemodynamic and physiological consequences of laparoscopic surgery as well as a defined operative plan generated by a multidisciplinary team involving the preoperative consultant, anesthesiologist, and surgeon.

  20. Neuromuscular blockade during laparoscopic ventral herniotomy: protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

    PubMed

    Medici, Roar; Madsen, Matias V; Asadzadeh, Sami; Følsgaard, Søren; Rosenberg, Jacob; Gätke, Mona R

    2015-08-01

    Laparoscopic herniotomy is the preferred technique for some ventral hernias. Several factors may influence the surgical conditions, one being the depth of neuromuscular blockade (NMB) applied. We hypothesised that deep neuromuscular blockade defined as a post-tetanic count below eight would provide a better surgical workspace. This was an investigator-initiated, assessor- and patient-blinded randomised cross-over study. A total of 34 patients with planned laparoscopic umbilical, incisional and linea alba herniotomy were studied. Patients would be randomised to receive deep NMB followed by no NMB, or no NMB followed by deep NMB. Our primary outcome was improvement of the surgical workspace (rated on a five-point scale) estimated as the difference between the workspace during deep NMB and the workspace without NMB. Secondary outcomes included, among others, surgeon's rating of surgical conditions during suturing, duration of surgery and duration of the suturing of the hernia. This randomised cross-over study investigated a potential effect on the surgical workspace in laparoscopic ventral herniotomy using deep NMB compared with no NMB. The study may provide knowledge relevant to other laparoscopic techniques. The study is funded by a research grant from the Investigator Initiated Studies Program of Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. NCT02247466.

  1. Emphysematous cholecystitis successfully treated by laparoscopic surgery

    PubMed Central

    Katagiri, Hideki; Yoshinaga, Yasuo; Kanda, Yukihiro; Mizokami, Ken

    2014-01-01

    Emphysematous cholecystitis (EC) is an uncommon variant of acute cholecystitis, which is caused by secondary infection of the gallbladder wall with gas-forming organisms. The mortality rate of EC is still as high as 25%. Emergency surgical intervention is indicated. Open cholecystectomy has been traditionally accepted as a standard treatment for EC. We present a case of EC successfully treated by laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for EC is considered to be safe and effective when indicated. PMID:24876461

  2. Cellular and humoral inflammatory response after laparoscopic and conventional colorectal surgery. Preliminary report.

    PubMed

    Laforgia, Rita; D'Elia, Giovanna; Lattarulo, Serafina; Mestice, Anna; Volpi, Annalisa

    Our aim is to compare the immune response after colorectal surgery performed laparoscopically and via traditional technique. This response seems to be proportional to the level of the surgical trauma and presumably is directed to improve host defence. This is a prospective reported study based on patients' randomisation. Fourteen patients with colorectal diseases undergoing laparoscopic or open surgery were enrolled. After both laparoscopic and open colorectal surgery, we observed a significant increase of circulating C-Reactive Protein (CRP) levels. The count of lymphocytes subpopulations did not show significant differences after both procedures. IL-6 serum levels increased immediately after laparoscopic approach. IL-6 production was preserved only in the laparoscopic group, while its plasma levels were significantly higher in conventional group. Postoperative cell-mediated immunity was better preserved after laparoscopic than after conventional colorectal resection. Laparoscopy became a popular approach to treat surgically benign and malignant colorectal diseases and several authors reported a better immune response in patients performing laparoscopic surgery after comparing to conventional colorectal surgery. These findings may have important implications in performing a laparoscopic colorectal resection.

  3. Effect of laparoscopic abdominal surgery on splanchnic circulation: historical developments.

    PubMed

    Hatipoglu, Sinan; Akbulut, Sami; Hatipoglu, Filiz; Abdullayev, Ruslan

    2014-12-28

    With the developments in medical technology and increased surgical experience, advanced laparoscopic surgical procedures are performed successfully. Laparoscopic abdominal surgery is one of the best examples of advanced laparoscopic surgery (LS). Today, laparoscopic abdominal surgery in general surgery clinics is the basis of all abdominal surgical interventions. Laparoscopic abdominal surgery is associated with systemic and splanchnic hemodynamic alterations. Inadequate splanchnic perfusion in critically ill patients is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are still not well understood. With experience and with an increase in the number and diversity of the resulting data, the pathophysiology of laparoscopic abdominal surgery is now better understood. The normal physiology and pathophysiology of local and systemic effects of laparoscopic abdominal surgery is extremely important for safe and effective LS. Future research projects should focus on the interplay between the physiological regulatory mechanisms in the splanchnic circulation (SC), organs, and diseases. In this review, we discuss the effects of laparoscopic abdominal surgery on the SC.

  4. Laparoscopic pelvic surgery for endometrial cancer.

    PubMed

    Tay, Eng-Hseon

    2009-02-01

    The traditional approach for the treatment of endometrial cancer by laparotomy is increasingly being replaced by laparoscopic surgery. The advantages of laparoscopy have been well-documented. Laparoscopy avoids the morbidity of a laparotomy, overcomes the limitations of vaginal hysterectomy, provides adequate pathological information for an accurate surgical staging and expedites the postoperative recovery of patients. This paper reports the outcome of a series of 50 consecutive cases of laparoscopic hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy for endometrial cancers that were performed by the author. The objective is to review the perioperative, postoperative experience and survival outcomes of patients with endometrial cancer managed by laparoscopic surgery performed by a single surgeon. The records of 50 consecutive patients with endometrial cancers from October 1995 to October 2007 treated by laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy and laparoscopic hysterectomy (total and assisted) were retrospectively reviewed. Data on patients' attributes, endometrial cancers, surgical procedures, surgical complications and morbidity, perioperative experience, length of hospital stays and clinical outcome were analysed. Laparoscopic surgery was successful in all 50 patients and is clearly an option for the treatment of early endometrial cancer. Careful patient selection and surgical competency are instrumental in ensuring successful treatment.

  5. Virtual reality training for surgical trainees in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Gurusamy, Kurinchi Selvan; Aggarwal, Rajesh; Palanivelu, Latha; Davidson, Brian R

    2009-01-21

    Surgical training has traditionally been one of apprenticeship, where the surgical trainee learns to perform surgery under the supervision of a trained surgeon. This is time consuming, costly, and of variable effectiveness. Training using a virtual reality simulator is an option to supplement standard training. To determine whether virtual reality training can supplement or replace conventional laparoscopic surgical training (apprenticeship) in surgical trainees with limited or no prior laparoscopic experience. We searched The Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group Controlled Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded, and grey literature until March 2008. We included all randomised clinical trials comparing virtual reality training versus other forms of training including video trainer training, no training, or standard laparoscopic training in surgical trainees with little or no prior laparoscopic experience. We also included trials comparing different methods of virtual reality training. We collected the data on the characteristics of the trial, methodological quality of the trials, mortality, morbidity, conversion rate, operating time, and hospital stay. We analysed the data with both the fixed-effect and the random-effects models using RevMan Analysis. For each outcome we calculated the standardised mean difference with 95% confidence intervals based on intention-to-treat analysis. We included 23 trials with 612 participants. Four trials compared virtual reality versus video trainer training. Twelve trials compared virtual reality versus no training or standard laparoscopic training. Four trials compared virtual reality, video trainer training and no training, or standard laparoscopic training. Three trials compared different methods of virtual reality training. Most of the trials were of high risk of bias. In trainees without prior surgical experience, virtual

  6. Laparoscopic surgery: A qualified systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Buia, Alexander; Stockhausen, Florian; Hanisch, Ernst

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To review current applications of the laparoscopic surgery while highlighting the standard procedures across different fields. METHODS: A comprehensive search was undertaken using the PubMed Advanced Search Builder. A total of 321 articles were found in this search. The following criteria had to be met for the publication to be selected: Review article, randomized controlled trials, or meta-analyses discussing the subject of laparoscopic surgery. In addition, publications were hand-searched in the Cochrane database and the high-impact journals. A total of 82 of the findings were included according to matching the inclusion criteria. Overall, 403 full-text articles were reviewed. Of these, 218 were excluded due to not matching the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: A total of 185 relevant articles were identified matching the search criteria for an overview of the current literature on the laparoscopic surgery. Articles covered the period from the first laparoscopic application through its tremendous advancement over the last several years. Overall, the biggest advantage of the procedure has been minimizing trauma to the abdominal wall compared with open surgery. In the case of cholecystectomy, fundoplication, and adrenalectomy, the procedure has become the gold standard without being proven as a superior technique over the open surgery in randomized controlled trials. Faster recovery, reduced hospital stay, and a quicker return to normal activities are the most evident advantages of the laparoscopic surgery. Positive outcomes, efficiency, a lower rate of wound infections, and reduction in the perioperative morbidity of minimally invasive procedures have been shown in most indications. CONCLUSION: Improvements in surgical training and developments in instruments, imaging, and surgical techniques have greatly increased safety and feasibility of the laparoscopic surgical procedures. PMID:26713285

  7. Advanced laparoscopic bariatric surgery Is safe in general surgery training.

    PubMed

    Kuckelman, John; Bingham, Jason; Barron, Morgan; Lallemand, Michael; Martin, Matthew; Sohn, Vance

    2017-05-01

    Bariatric surgery makes up an increasing percentage of general surgery training. The safety of resident involvement in these complex cases has been questioned. We evaluated patient outcomes in resident performed laparoscopic bariatric procedures. Retrospective review of patients undergoing a laparoscopic bariatric procedure over seven years at a tertiary care single center. Procedures were primarily performed by a general surgery resident and proctored by an attending surgeon. Primary outcomes included operative volume, operative time and leak rate with perioperative outcomes evaluated as secondary outcomes. A total of 1649 bariatric procedures were evaluated. Operations included laparoscopic bypass (690) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (959). Average operating time was 136 min. Eighteen leaks (0.67%) were identified. Graduating residents performed an average of 89 laparoscopic bariatric cases during their training. There were no significant differences between resident levels with concern to operative time or leak rate (p 0.97 and p = 0.54). General surgery residents can safely perform laparoscopic bariatric surgery. When proctored by a staff surgeon, a resident's level of training does not significantly impact leak rate. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  8. Laparoscopic Surgery Can Reduce Postoperative Edema Compared with Open Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Guo, Dong; Gong, Jianfeng; Cao, Lei; Wei, Yao; Guo, Zhen

    2016-01-01

    Aim. The study aimed to investigate the impact of laparoscopic surgery and open surgery on postoperative edema in Crohn's disease. Methods. Patients who required enterectomy were divided into open group (Group O) and laparoscopic group (Group L). Edema was measured using bioelectrical impedance analysis preoperatively (PRE) and on postoperative day 3 (POD3) and postoperative day 5 (POD5). The postoperative edema was divided into slight edema and edema by an edema index, defined as the ratio of total extracellular water to total body water. Results. Patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery had better clinical outcomes and lower levels of inflammatory and stress markers. A total of 31 patients (26.05%) developed slight edema and 53 patients (44.54%) developed edema on POD3. More patients developed postoperative edema in Group O than in Group L on POD3 (p = 0.006). The value of the edema index of Group O was higher than that of Group L on POD3 and POD5 (0.402 ± 0.010 versus 0.397 ± 0.008, p = 0.001; 0.401 ± 0.009 versus 0.395 ± 0.007, p = 0.039, resp.). Conclusions. Compared with open surgery, laparoscopic surgery can reduce postoperative edema, which may contribute to the better outcomes of laparoscopic surgery over open surgery. PMID:27777583

  9. Laparoscopic colon surgery: past, present and future.

    PubMed

    Martel, Guillaume; Boushey, Robin P

    2006-08-01

    Since its first described case in 1991, laparoscopic colon surgery has lagged behind minimally invasive surgical methods for solid intra-abdominal organs in terms of acceptability, dissemination, and ease of learning. In colon cancer, initial concerns over port site metastases and adequacy of oncologic resection have considerably dampened early enthusiasm for this procedure. Only recently, with the publication of several large, randomized controlled trials, has the incidence of port site metastases been shown to be equivalent to that of open resection. Laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer has also been demonstrated to be at least equivalent to traditional laparotomy in terms of adequacy of oncologic resection, disease recurrence, and long-term survival. In addition, numerous reports have validated short-term benefits following laparoscopic resection for cancer, including shorter hospital stay, shorter time to recovery of bowel function, and decreased analgesic requirements, as well as other postoperative variables. In benign colonic disease, much less high-quality literature exists supporting the use of laparoscopic methods. Two recent randomized controlled trials have demonstrated some short-term benefits to laparoscopic ileocolic resection for CD, in addition to evident cosmetic advantages. On the other hand, the current evidence on laparoscopic surgery for UC does not support its routine use among nonexpert surgeons outside of specialized centers. Laparoscopic colonic resection for diverticular disease appears to provide several short-term benefits, although these advantages may not translate to cases of complicated diverticulitis. Despite the increasing acceptability of minimally invasive methods for the management of benign and malignant colonic pathologies, laparoscopic colon resection remains a prohibitively difficult technique to master. Numerous technological innovations have been introduced onto the market in an effort to decrease the steep learning

  10. [25 years of laparoscopic surgery in Spain].

    PubMed

    Moreno-Sanz, Carlos; Tenías-Burillo, Jose María; Morales-Conde, Salvador; Balague-Ponz, Carmen; Díaz-Luis, Hermógenes; Enriquez-Valens, Pablo; Manuel-Palazuelos, Juan Carlos; Martínez-Cortijo, Sagrario; Olsina-Kissler, Jorge; Socas-Macias, María; Toledano-Trincado, Miguel; Vidal-Pérez, Oscar; Noguera-Aguilar, Juan Francisco; Salvador-Sanchís, José Luis; Feliu-Pala, Xavier; Targarona-Soler, Eduard M

    2014-04-01

    The introduction of laparoscopic surgery (LS) can be considered the most important advancement in our specialty in the past 25 years. Despite its advantages, implementation and consolidation has not been homogenous, especially for advanced techniques. The aim of this study was to analyse the level of development and use of laparoscopic surgery in Spain at the present time and its evolution in recent years. During the second half of 2012 a survey was developed to evaluate different aspects of the implementation and development of LS in our country. The survey was performed using an electronic questionnaire. The global response rate was 16% and 103 heads of Department answered the survey. A total of 92% worked in the public system. A total of 99% perform basic laparoscopic surgery and 85,2% advanced LS. Most of the responders (79%) consider that the instruments they have available for LS are adequate and 71% consider that LS is in the right stage of development in their environment. Basic laparoscopic surgery has developed in our country to be considered the standard performed by most surgeons, and forms part of the basic surgical training of residents. With regards to advanced LS, although it is frequently used, there are still remaining areas of deficit, and therefore, opportunities for improvement. Copyright © 2013 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  11. Randomised controlled trial of laparoscopic versus open mesh repair for inguinal hernia: outcome and cost

    PubMed Central

    Wellwood, James; Sculpher, Mark J; Stoker, David; Nicholls, Graham J; Geddes, Cathy; Whitehead, Anne; Singh, Rameet; Spiegelhalter, David

    1998-01-01

    Objective: To compare tension-free open mesh hernioplasty under local anaesthetic with transabdominal preperitoneal laparoscopic hernia repair under general anaesthetic. Design: A randomised controlled trial of 403 patients with inguinal hernias. Setting: Two acute general hospitals in London between May 1995 and December 1996. Subjects: 400 patients with a diagnosis of groin hernia, 200 in each group. Main outcome measures: Time until discharge, postoperative pain, and complications; patients’ perceived health (SF-36), duration of convalescence, and patients’ satisfaction with surgery; and health service costs. Results: More patients in the open group (96%) than in the laparoscopic group (89%) were discharged on the same day as the operation (χ2=6.7; 1 df; P=0.01). Although pain scores were lower in the open group while the effect of the local anaesthetic persisted (proportional odds ratio at 2 hours 3.5 (2.3 to 5.1)), scores after open repair were significantly higher for each day of the first week (0.5 (0.3 to 0.7) on day 7) and during the second week (0.7 (0.5 to 0.9)). At 1 month there was a greater improvement (or less deterioration) in mean SF-36 scores over baseline in the laparoscopic group compared with the open group on seven of eight dimensions, reaching significance on five. For every activity considered the median time until return to normal was significantly shorter for the laparoscopic group. Patients randomised to laparoscopic repair were more satisfied with surgery at 1 month and 3 months after surgery. The mean cost per patient of laparoscopic repair was £335 (95% confidence interval £228 to £441) more than the cost of open repair. Conclusion: This study confirms that laparoscopic hernia repair has considerable short term clinical advantages after discharge compared with open mesh hernioplasty, although it was more expensive. Key messages In the 4 hours after surgery laparoscopic hernia repair with general anaesthesia causes more pain

  12. Carbon Dioxide Embolism during Laparoscopic Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Park, Eun Young; Kwon, Ja-Young

    2012-01-01

    Clinically significant carbon dioxide embolism is a rare but potentially fatal complication of anesthesia administered during laparoscopic surgery. Its most common cause is inadvertent injection of carbon dioxide into a large vein, artery or solid organ. This error usually occurs during or shortly after insufflation of carbon dioxide into the body cavity, but may result from direct intravascular insufflation of carbon dioxide during surgery. Clinical presentation of carbon dioxide embolism ranges from asymptomatic to neurologic injury, cardiovascular collapse or even death, which is dependent on the rate and volume of carbon dioxide entrapment and the patient's condition. We reviewed extensive literature regarding carbon dioxide embolism in detail and set out to describe the complication from background to treatment. We hope that the present work will improve our understanding of carbon dioxide embolism during laparoscopic surgery. PMID:22476987

  13. Carbon dioxide embolism during laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Park, Eun Young; Kwon, Ja-Young; Kim, Ki Jun

    2012-05-01

    Clinically significant carbon dioxide embolism is a rare but potentially fatal complication of anesthesia administered during laparoscopic surgery. Its most common cause is inadvertent injection of carbon dioxide into a large vein, artery or solid organ. This error usually occurs during or shortly after insufflation of carbon dioxide into the body cavity, but may result from direct intravascular insufflation of carbon dioxide during surgery. Clinical presentation of carbon dioxide embolism ranges from asymptomatic to neurologic injury, cardiovascular collapse or even death, which is dependent on the rate and volume of carbon dioxide entrapment and the patient's condition. We reviewed extensive literature regarding carbon dioxide embolism in detail and set out to describe the complication from background to treatment. We hope that the present work will improve our understanding of carbon dioxide embolism during laparoscopic surgery.

  14. Using motion parallax for laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Su, He; Li, Jianmin; Zhang, Huaifeng; Li, Jinhua; Wang, Shuxin

    2016-09-01

    In typical stereo display systems, the reproduced 3D scene is distorted when the observer moves. Motion parallax is an important depth cue that has the ability to correct this distortion. More importantly, motion parallax enables the observer to look around objects to provide a better view. A robotically assisted laparoscope prototype was designed to provide motion parallax. A study to adjust the camera-head mapping ratio (gain of motion parallax) was performed. A series of phantom tests was conducted to test the effectiveness of motion parallax. The experimental results showed that the motion parallax was effective, and the gain of motion parallax was subjective. For a regular laparoscope view distance, larger image zooming rates required smaller gain; for the same equivalent image size, further observer distance decreased the optimal gain. Motion parallax could be used for improved visualization in laparoscopic surgery. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  15. Present and future advanced laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Rivas, Homero; Díaz-Calderón, Daniela

    2013-05-01

    Modern laparoscopy, starting with Kurt Semm's insufflators and the first successful appendectomies, has only been around for approximately 30 years. Since those early successes, the technology has grown from the inception of basic laparoscopy to endoscopic surgery through natural orifices, and it continues to evolve by leaps and bounds with computer-assisted surgery and improved robotics in surgery. Without question, laparoscopy has revolutionized the way we perform standard surgery, especially relative to the techniques that had been used for hundreds of years. Despite the development of multiple novel technologies since the 1980s, very little has changed with regard to basic conceptualizations and practice of laparoscopy. In this review article, we will describe the highlights of recent advanced laparoscopic surgery procedures, their potential applications within the field of surgery, and how these advances may impact and improve future quality and patient outcomes.

  16. [Laparoscopic colorectal surgery--SILS, robots, and NOTES].

    PubMed

    D'Hoore, André; Wolthuis, Albert M; Mizrahi, Hagar; Parker, Mike; Bemelman, Willem A; Wara, Pål

    2011-04-04

    Single incision laparoscopic surgery resection of colon is feasible, but so far evidence of benefit compared to standard laparoscopic technique is lacking. In addition to robot-controlled camera, there is only one robot system on the market capable of performing laparoscopic surgery. The da Vinci robot may contribute to making complex laparoscopic procedures easier to perform, but the system is costly in purchase and maintenance. Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery aiming to reduce abdominal wall trauma is developing and bringing new technology. Combinations of laparoscopic and endoscopic techniques will expand future indications.

  17. Core value of laparoscopic colorectal surgery.

    PubMed

    Li, Xin-Xiang; Wang, Ren-Jie

    2015-12-10

    Since laparoscopy was first used in cholecystectomy in 1987, it has developed quickly and has been used in most fields of traditional surgery. People have now accepted its advantages like small incision, quick recovery, light pain, beauty and short hospital stays. In early times, there are still controversies about the application of laparoscopy in malignant tumor treatments, especially about the problems of oncology efficacy, incision implantation and operation security. However, these concerns have been fully eliminated by evidences on the basis of evidence-basis medicine. In recent years, new minimally invasive technologies are appearing continually, but they still have challenges and may increase the difficulties of radical dissection and the risks of potential complications, so they are confined to benign or early malignant tumors. The core value of the laparoscopic technique is to ensure the high quality of tumor's radical resection and less complications. On the basis of this, it is allowed to pursue more minimally invasive techniques. Since the development of laparoscopic colorectal surgery is rapid and unceasing, we have reasons to believe that laparoscopic surgery will become gold standard for colorectal surgery in the near future.

  18. [Reinterventions in classic and laparoscopic surgery of biliary ducts].

    PubMed

    Lese, M; Naghi, I; Pop, C

    2000-01-01

    The study suggests to make a comparative analysis between the complications happened after classic and laparoscopic surgery require a surgical reintervention. The study was realised in the Surgical Department of the Districtual Hospital Baia Mare between 27.04.1997-27.04.1999, which means the precursory year of beginning laparoscopic surgery and the first year with experience in laparoscopic surgery. The conclusions of this study prove that the number of reinterventions after laparoscopic surgery is less than after classic surgery of biliary ducts.

  19. Image acquisition in laparoscopic and endoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gill, Brijesh S.; Georgeson, Keith E.; Hardin, William D., Jr.

    1995-04-01

    Laparoscopic and endoscopic surgery rely uniquely on high quality display of acquired images, but a multitude of problems plague the researcher who attempts to reproduce such images for educational purposes. Some of these are intrinsic limitations of current laparoscopic/endoscopic visualization systems, while others are artifacts solely of the process used to acquire and reproduce such images. Whatever the genesis of these problems, a glance at current literature will reveal the extent to which endoscopy suffers from an inability to reproduce what the surgeon sees during a procedure. The major intrinsic limitation to the acquisition of high-quality still images from laparoscopic procedures lies in the inability to couple directly a camera to the laparoscope. While many systems have this capability, this is useful mostly for otolaryngologists, who do not maintain a sterile field around their scopes. For procedures in which a sterile field must be maintained, one trial method has been to use a beam splitter to send light both to the still camera and the digital video camera. This is no solution, however, since this results in low quality still images as well as a degradation of the image that the surgeon must use to operate, something no surgeon tolerates lightly. Researchers thus must currently rely on other methods for producing images from a laparoscopic procedure. Most manufacturers provide an optional slide or print maker that provides a hardcopy output from the processed composite video signal. The results achieved from such devices are marginal, to say the least. This leaves only one avenue for possible image production, the videotape record of an endoscopic or laparoscopic operation. Video frame grabbing is at least a problem to which industry has applied considerable time and effort to solving. Our own experience with computerized enhancement of videotape frames has been very promising. Computer enhancement allows the researcher to correct several of the

  20. Impact of laparoscopic surgery training laboratory on surgeon's performance

    PubMed Central

    Torricelli, Fabio C M; Barbosa, Joao Arthur B A; Marchini, Giovanni S

    2016-01-01

    Minimally invasive surgery has been replacing the open standard technique in several procedures. Similar or even better postoperative outcomes have been described in laparoscopic or robot-assisted procedures when compared to open surgery. Moreover, minimally invasive surgery has been providing less postoperative pain, shorter hospitalization, and thus a faster return to daily activities. However, the learning curve required to obtain laparoscopic expertise has been a barrier in laparoscopic spreading. Laparoscopic surgery training laboratory has been developed to aid surgeons to overcome the challenging learning curve. It may include tutorials, inanimate model skills training (box models and virtual reality simulators), animal laboratory, and operating room observation. Several different laparoscopic courses are available with specific characteristics and goals. Herein, we aim to describe the activities performed in a dry and animal-model training laboratory and to evaluate the impact of different kinds of laparoscopic surgery training courses on surgeon’s performance. Several tasks are performed in dry and animal laboratory to reproduce a real surgery. A short period of training can improve laparoscopic surgical skills, although most of times it is not enough to confer laparoscopic expertise for participants. Nevertheless, this short period of training is able to increase the laparoscopic practice of surgeons in their communities. Full laparoscopic training in medical residence or fellowship programs is the best way of stimulating laparoscopic dissemination. PMID:27933135

  1. Impact of laparoscopic surgery training laboratory on surgeon's performance.

    PubMed

    Torricelli, Fabio C M; Barbosa, Joao Arthur B A; Marchini, Giovanni S

    2016-11-27

    Minimally invasive surgery has been replacing the open standard technique in several procedures. Similar or even better postoperative outcomes have been described in laparoscopic or robot-assisted procedures when compared to open surgery. Moreover, minimally invasive surgery has been providing less postoperative pain, shorter hospitalization, and thus a faster return to daily activities. However, the learning curve required to obtain laparoscopic expertise has been a barrier in laparoscopic spreading. Laparoscopic surgery training laboratory has been developed to aid surgeons to overcome the challenging learning curve. It may include tutorials, inanimate model skills training (box models and virtual reality simulators), animal laboratory, and operating room observation. Several different laparoscopic courses are available with specific characteristics and goals. Herein, we aim to describe the activities performed in a dry and animal-model training laboratory and to evaluate the impact of different kinds of laparoscopic surgery training courses on surgeon's performance. Several tasks are performed in dry and animal laboratory to reproduce a real surgery. A short period of training can improve laparoscopic surgical skills, although most of times it is not enough to confer laparoscopic expertise for participants. Nevertheless, this short period of training is able to increase the laparoscopic practice of surgeons in their communities. Full laparoscopic training in medical residence or fellowship programs is the best way of stimulating laparoscopic dissemination.

  2. Stereoscopic augmented reality for laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Kang, Xin; Azizian, Mahdi; Wilson, Emmanuel; Wu, Kyle; Martin, Aaron D; Kane, Timothy D; Peters, Craig A; Cleary, Kevin; Shekhar, Raj

    2014-07-01

    Conventional laparoscopes provide a flat representation of the three-dimensional (3D) operating field and are incapable of visualizing internal structures located beneath visible organ surfaces. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) images are difficult to fuse in real time with laparoscopic views due to the deformable nature of soft-tissue organs. Utilizing emerging camera technology, we have developed a real-time stereoscopic augmented-reality (AR) system for laparoscopic surgery by merging live laparoscopic ultrasound (LUS) with stereoscopic video. The system creates two new visual cues: (1) perception of true depth with improved understanding of 3D spatial relationships among anatomical structures, and (2) visualization of critical internal structures along with a more comprehensive visualization of the operating field. The stereoscopic AR system has been designed for near-term clinical translation with seamless integration into the existing surgical workflow. It is composed of a stereoscopic vision system, a LUS system, and an optical tracker. Specialized software processes streams of imaging data from the tracked devices and registers those in real time. The resulting two ultrasound-augmented video streams (one for the left and one for the right eye) give a live stereoscopic AR view of the operating field. The team conducted a series of stereoscopic AR interrogations of the liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and kidneys in two swine. The preclinical studies demonstrated the feasibility of the stereoscopic AR system during in vivo procedures. Major internal structures could be easily identified. The system exhibited unobservable latency with acceptable image-to-video registration accuracy. We presented the first in vivo use of a complete system with stereoscopic AR visualization capability. This new capability introduces new visual cues and enhances visualization of the surgical anatomy. The system shows promise to improve the precision and

  3. Treatment of acute diverticulitis laparoscopic lavage vs. resection (DILALA): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Perforated diverticulitis is a condition associated with substantial morbidity. Recently published reports suggest that laparoscopic lavage has fewer complications and shorter hospital stay. So far no randomised study has published any results. Methods DILALA is a Scandinavian, randomised trial, comparing laparoscopic lavage (LL) to the traditional Hartmann's Procedure (HP). Primary endpoint is the number of re-operations within 12 months. Secondary endpoints consist of mortality, quality of life (QoL), re-admission, health economy assessment and permanent stoma. Patients are included when surgery is required. A laparoscopy is performed and if Hinchey grade III is diagnosed the patient is included and randomised 1:1, to either LL or HP. Patients undergoing LL receive > 3L of saline intraperitoneally, placement of pelvic drain and continued antibiotics. Follow-up is scheduled 6-12 weeks, 6 months and 12 months. A QoL-form is filled out on discharge, 6- and 12 months. Inclusion is set to 80 patients (40+40). Discussion HP is associated with a high rate of complication. Not only does the primary operation entail complications, but also subsequent surgery is associated with a high morbidity. Thus the combined risk of treatment for the patient is high. The aim of the DILALA trial is to evaluate if laparoscopic lavage is a safe, minimally invasive method for patients with perforated diverticulitis Hinchey grade III, resulting in fewer re-operations, decreased morbidity, mortality, costs and increased quality of life. Trial registration British registry (ISRCTN) for clinical trials ISRCTN82208287http://www.controlled-trials.com/ISRCTN82208287 PMID:21806795

  4. Laparoscopic and open colorectal surgery: a prospective cost analysis.

    PubMed

    Dowson, H M; Gage, H; Jackson, D; Qiao, Y; Williams, P; Rockall, T A

    2012-11-01

    Cost has been perceived to be a factor limiting the development of laparoscopic colorectal surgery. This study aimed to compare the costs of laparoscopic and open colorectal surgery. Patients undergoing laparoscopic or open elective colorectal surgery were recruited into a prospective study to evaluate the healthcare costs of each operative procedure in a district general hospital in England. All healthcare resources used (operation, hospital and community) were recorded and converted to costs in British pounds, 2006-2007. Costs of laparoscopic and open surgery were compared. In all, 201 consecutive patients consented and were recruited (131 laparoscopic, 70 open). Operative costs were greater in the laparoscopic group (£2049 vs£1263, P < 0.001) due to the costs of disposable instruments, but the hospital costs were less (£1807 vs£3468, P < 0.001) due to longer lengths of stay in the open group. Community costs were similar in the two groups and had little impact on the overall costs, which were not significantly different (£3875 laparoscopic vs£4383 open, P = 0.308). In the subgroup of patients with a stoma, overall costs in the laparoscopic group are higher (not significant). The costs of laparoscopic and open colorectal surgery are broadly equivalent. If there is an associated improvement in patient benefit, then laparoscopic colorectal surgery may be considered to be cost effective compared with open surgery. © 2012 The Authors. Colorectal Disease © 2012 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.

  5. Regional anesthesia for laparoscopic surgery: a narrative review.

    PubMed

    Vretzakis, George; Bareka, Metaxia; Aretha, Diamanto; Karanikolas, Menelaos

    2014-06-01

    Laparoscopic surgery has advanced remarkably in recent years, resulting in reduced morbidity and shorter hospital stay compared with open surgery. Despite challenges from the expanding array of laparoscopic procedures performed with the use of pneumoperitoneum on increasingly sick patients, anesthesia has remained largely unchanged. At present, most laparoscopic operations are usually performed under general anesthesia, except for patients deemed "too sick" for general anesthesia. Recently, however, several large, retrospective studies questioned the widely held belief that general anesthesia is the best anesthetic method for laparoscopic surgery and suggested that regional anesthesia could also be a reasonable choice in certain settings. This narrative review is an attempt to critically summarize current evidence on regional anesthesia for laparoscopic surgery. Because most available data come from large, retrospective studies, large, rigorous, prospective clinical trials comparing regional vs. general anesthesia are needed to evaluate the true value of regional anesthesia in laparoscopic surgery.

  6. Urologic surgery laparoscopic access: vascular complications

    PubMed Central

    Branco, Anibal Wood

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Vascular injury in accidental punctures may occur in large abdominal vessels, it is known that 76% of injuries occur during the development of pneumoperitoneum. The aim of this video is to demonstrate two cases of vascular injury occurring during access in laparoscopic urologic surgery. The first case presents a 60-year old female patient with a 3cm tumor in the superior pole of the right kidney who underwent a laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. After the Verres needle insertion, output of blood was verified. During the evaluation of the cavity, a significant hematoma in the inferior vena cava was noticed. After the dissection, a lesion in the inferior vena cava was identified and controlled with a prolene suture, the estimated bloos loss was 300ml. The second case presents a 42-year old female live donor patient who had her right kidney selected to laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy. After the insertion of the first trocar, during the introduction of the 10mm scope, an active bleeding from the mesentery was noticed. The right colon was dissected and an inferior vena cava perforation was identified; a prolene suture was used to control the bleeding, the estimated blood loss was 200mL, in both cases the patients had no previous abdominal surgery. Urologists must be aware of this uncommon, serious, and potentially lethal complication. Once recognized and in the hands of experienced surgeons, some lesions may be repaired laparoscopically. Whenever in doubt, the best alternative is the immediate conversion to open surgery to minimize morbidity and mortality. PMID:28124541

  7. Urologic surgery laparoscopic access: vascular complications.

    PubMed

    Branco, Anibal Wood

    2017-01-01

    Vascular injury in accidental punctures may occur in large abdominal vessels, it is known that 76% of injuries occur during the development of pneumoperitoneum. The aim of this video is to demonstrate two cases of vascular injury occurring during access in laparoscopic urologic surgery. The first case presents a 60-year old female patient with a 3cm tumor in the superior pole of the right kidney who underwent a laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. After the Verres needle insertion, output of blood was verified. During the evaluation of the cavity, a significant hematoma in the inferior vena cava was noticed. After the dissection, a lesion in the inferior vena cava was identified and controlled with a prolene suture, the estimated bloos loss was 300ml. The second case presents a 42-year old female live donor patient who had her right kidney selected to laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy. After the insertion of the first trocar, during the introduction of the 10mm scope, an active bleeding from the mesentery was noticed. The right colon was dissected and an inferior vena cava perforation was identified; a prolene suture was used to control the bleeding, the estimated blood loss was 200mL, in both cases the patients had no previous abdominal surgery. Urologists must be aware of this uncommon, serious, and potentially lethal complication. Once recognized and in the hands of experienced surgeons, some lesions may be repaired laparoscopically. Whenever in doubt, the best alternative is the immediate conversion to open surgery to minimize morbidity and mortality. Copyright® by the International Brazilian Journal of Urology.

  8. Verification of Ultrasonic Image Fusion Technique for Laparoscopic Surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zenbutsu, Satoki; Igarashi, Tatsuo; Mamou, Jonathan; Yamaguchi, Tadashi

    2012-07-01

    Laparoscopic surgery is one of the most challenging surgical operations, because inside information about the target organ cannot be fully understood from the laparoscopic image. Therefore, a fusion technique of laparoscopic and ultrasonic images is proposed for guidance during laparoscopic surgery. The proposed technique can display the internal organ structure by overlaying a three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonic image over a 3D laparoscopic image, which is acquired using a stereo laparoscope. The registration of the 3D images is performed by registering the surface of the target organ, which is found in the two 3D images without requiring the use of an external position detecting device. The proposed technique was evaluated experimentally using a tissue-mimicking phantom. Results obtained led to registration accuracy better than 2 cm. The total computation time was 3.1 min on a personal computer (Xeon processor, 3 GHz CPU). The structural information permits the visualization of target organs during laparoscopic surgery.

  9. Review of single incision laparoscopic surgery in colorectal surgery

    PubMed Central

    Madhoun, Nisreen; Keller, Deborah S; Haas, Eric M

    2015-01-01

    As surgical techniques continue to move towards less invasive techniques, single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS), a hybrid between traditional multiport laparoscopy and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery, was introduced to further the enhanced outcomes of multiport laparoscopy. The safety and feasibility of SILS for both benign and malignant colorectal disease has been proven. SILS provides the potential for improved cosmesis, postoperative pain, recovery time, and quality of life at the drawback of higher technical skill required. In this article, we review the history, describe the available technology and techniques, and evaluate the benefits and limitations of SILS for colorectal surgery in the published literature. PMID:26478673

  10. Trocar injuries in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Bhoyrul, S; Vierra, M A; Nezhat, C R; Krummel, T M; Way, L W

    2001-06-01

    Disposable trocars with safety shields are widely used for laparoscopic access. The aim of this study was to analyze risk factors associated with injuries resulting from their use as reported to the Food and Drug Administration. Manufacturers are required to report medical device-related incidents to the Food and Drug Administration. We analyzed the 629 trocar injuries reported from 1993 through 1996. There were three types of injury: 408 injuries of major blood vessels, 182 other visceral injuries (mainly bowel injuries), and 30 abdominal wall hematomas. Of the 32 deaths, 26 (81%) resulted from vascular injuries and 6 (19%) resulted from bowel injuries. Eighty-seven percent of deaths from vascular injuries involved the use of disposable trocars with safety shields and 9% involved disposable trocars with a direct-viewing feature. The aorta (23%) and inferior vena cava (15%) were the vessels most commonly traumatized in the fatal vascular injuries. Ninety-one percent of bowel injuries involved trocars with safety shields and 7% involved direct-view trocars. The diagnosis of an enterotomy was delayed in 10% of cases, and the mortality rate in this group was 21%. In 41 cases (10%) the surgeon initially thought the trocar had malfunctioned, but in only 1 instance was malfunction subsequently found when the device was examined. The likelihood of injury was not related to any specific procedure or manufacturer. These data show that safety shields and direct-view trocars cannot prevent serious injuries. Retroperitoneal vascular injuries should be largely avoidable by following safe techniques. Bowel injuries often went unrecognized, in which case they were highly lethal. Device malfunction was rarely a cause of trocar injuries.

  11. Port-site metastasis after laparoscopic surgery for gastrointestinal cancer.

    PubMed

    Emoto, Shigenobu; Ishigami, Hironori; Yamaguchi, Hironori; Ishihara, Soichiro; Sunami, Eiji; Kitayama, Joji; Watanabe, Toshiaki

    2017-03-01

    Although the incidence of port-site metastasis after laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer has markedly decreased since laparoscopic colectomy was first reported in 1991, it still has not reached zero. In colorectal cancer, the safety of laparoscopic surgery, including the low incidence of port-site metastasis, has been proven in large, randomized trials. In gastric cancer, reports of port-site metastasis are extremely rare, but we should await the results of ongoing trials. This brief review summarizes the current knowledge regarding port-site metastasis after laparoscopic surgery for colorectal and gastric cancer.

  12. Evolution and future of laparoscopic colorectal surgery

    PubMed Central

    Kaiser, Andreas M

    2014-01-01

    The advances of laparoscopic surgery since the early 1990s have caused one of the largest technical revolutions in medicine since the detection of antibiotics (1922, Flemming), the discovery of DNA structure (1953, Watson and Crick), and solid organ transplantation (1954, Murray). Perseverance through a rocky start and increased familiarity with the chop-stick surgery in conjunction with technical refinements has resulted in a rapid expansion of the indications for minimally invasive surgery. Procedure-related factors initially contributed to this success and included the improved postoperative recovery and cosmesis, fewer wound complications, lower risk for incisional hernias and for subsequent adhesion-related small bowel obstructions; the major breakthrough however came with favorable long-term outcomes data on oncological parameters. The future will have to determine the specific role of various technical approaches, define prognostic factors of success and true progress, and consider directing further innovation while potentially limiting approaches that do not add to patient outcomes. PMID:25386060

  13. Procedural specificity in laparoscopic simulator training: protocol for a randomised educational superiority trial.

    PubMed

    Bjerrum, Flemming; Sorensen, Jette Led; Konge, Lars; Lindschou, Jane; Rosthøj, Susanne; Ottesen, Bent; Strandbygaard, Jeanett

    2014-10-10

    The use of structured curricula for minimally invasive surgery training is becoming increasingly popular. However, many laparoscopic training programs still use basic skills and isolated task training, despite increasing evidence to support the use of training models with higher functional resemblance, such as whole procedural modules. In contrast to basic skills training, procedural training involves several cognitive skills such as elements of planning, movement integration, and how to avoid adverse events. The objective of this trial is to investigate the specificity of procedural practice in laparoscopic simulator training. A randomised single-centre educational superiority trial. Participants are 96 surgical novices (medical students) without prior laparoscopic experience. Participants start by practicing a series of basic skills tasks to a predefined proficiency level on a virtual reality laparoscopy simulator. Upon reaching proficiency, the participants are randomised to either the intervention group, which practices two procedures (an appendectomy followed by a salpingectomy) or to the control group, practicing only one procedure (a salpingectomy) on the simulator. 1:1 central randomisation is used and participants are stratified by sex and time to complete the basic skills. Data collection is done at a surgical skills centre.The primary outcome is the number of repetitions required to reach a predefined proficiency level on the salpingectomy module. The secondary outcome is the total training time to proficiency. The improvement in motor skills and effect on cognitive load are also explored. The results of this trial might provide new knowledge on how the technical part of surgical training curricula should be comprised in the future. To examine the specificity of practice in procedural simulator training is of great importance in order to develop more comprehensive surgical curricula. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02069951.

  14. Fluidic lens laparoscopic zoom camera for minimally invasive surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsai, Frank S.; Johnson, Daniel; Francis, Cameron S.; Cho, Sung Hwan; Qiao, Wen; Arianpour, Ashkan; Mintz, Yoav; Horgan, Santiago; Talamini, Mark; Lo, Yu-Hwa

    2010-05-01

    This work reports a miniaturized laparoscopic zoom camera that can significantly improve vision for minimally invasive surgery (MIS), also known as laparoscopic surgery. The laparoscopic zoom camera contains bioinspired fluidic lenses that can change curvature and focal length in a manner similar to the crystalline lenses in human eyes. The traditional laparoscope is long, rigid, and made of fixed glass lenses with a fixed field of view. The constricted vision of a laparoscope is often an inconvenience and plays a role in many surgical injuries. To further advance MIS technology, we developed a new type of laparoscopic camera that has a total length of less than 17 mm, greater than 4× optical zoom, and 100 times higher sensitivity than today's laparoscope allowing it to work under illumination as low as 300 lux. All these unique features are enabled by the technology of bioinspired fluidic lenses having a dynamic range over 100 diopters and being convertible between a convex and concave shape.

  15. Fluidic lens laparoscopic zoom camera for minimally invasive surgery.

    PubMed

    Tsai, Frank S; Johnson, Daniel; Francis, Cameron S; Cho, Sung Hwan; Qiao, Wen; Arianpour, Ashkan; Mintz, Yoav; Horgan, Santiago; Talamini, Mark; Lo, Yu-Hwa

    2010-01-01

    This work reports a miniaturized laparoscopic zoom camera that can significantly improve vision for minimally invasive surgery (MIS), also known as laparoscopic surgery. The laparoscopic zoom camera contains bioinspired fluidic lenses that can change curvature and focal length in a manner similar to the crystalline lenses in human eyes. The traditional laparoscope is long, rigid, and made of fixed glass lenses with a fixed field of view. The constricted vision of a laparoscope is often an inconvenience and plays a role in many surgical injuries. To further advance MIS technology, we developed a new type of laparoscopic camera that has a total length of less than 17 mm, greater than 4x optical zoom, and 100 times higher sensitivity than today's laparoscope allowing it to work under illumination as low as 300 lux. All these unique features are enabled by the technology of bioinspired fluidic lenses having a dynamic range over 100 diopters and being convertible between a convex and concave shape.

  16. Laparoscopic revision surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease

    PubMed Central

    Celasin, Haydar; Genc, Volkan; Celik, Suleyman Utku; Turkcapar, Ahmet Gökhan

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Laparoscopic antireflux surgery is a frequently performed procedure for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux in surgical clinics. Reflux can recur in between 3% and 30% of patients on whom antireflux surgery has been performed, and so revision surgery can be required due to recurrent symptoms or dysphagia in approximately 3% to 6% of the patients. The objective of this study is to evaluate the mechanism of recurrences after antireflux surgery and to share our results after revision surgery in recurrent cases. From 2001 to 2014, revision surgery was performed on 43 patients (31 men, 12 women) between the ages of 24 and 70 years. The technical details of the first operation, recurrence symptoms, endoscopy, and manometry findings were evaluated. The findings of revision surgery, surgical techniques, morbidity rates, length of hospitalization, and follow-up period were also recorded and evaluated. The first operation was Nissen fundoplication in 34 patients and Toupet fundoplication in 9 patients. Mesh hiatoplasty was performed for enforcement in 18 (41.9%) of these patients. The period between the first operation and the revision surgery ranged from 4 days to 60 months. The most common finding was slipped fundoplication and presence of hiatal hernia during revision surgery. Revision fundoplication and hernia repair with mesh reinforcement were used in 33 patients. The other techniques were Collis gastroplasty, revision fundoplication, and hernia repair without mesh. The range of follow-up period was from 2 to 134 months. Recurrence occurred in 3 patients after revision surgery (6.9%). Although revision surgery is difficult and it has higher morbidity, it can be performed effectively and safely in experienced centers. PMID:28072725

  17. [Complicated acute apendicitis. Open versus laparoscopic surgery].

    PubMed

    Gil Piedra, Francisco; Morales García, Dieter; Bernal Marco, José Manuel; Llorca Díaz, Javier; Marton Bedia, Paula; Naranjo Gómez, Angel

    2008-06-01

    Although laparoscopy has become the standard approach in other procedures, this technique is not generally accepted for acute appendicitis, especially if it is complicated due reports on the increase in intra-abdominal abscesses. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the morbidity in a group of patients diagnosed with complicated apendicitis (gangrenous or perforated) who had undergone open or laparoscopic appendectomy. We prospectively studied 107 patients who had undergone appendectomy for complicated appendicitis over a two year period. Mean operation time, mean hospital stay and morbidity, such as wound infection and intra-abdominal abscess were evaluated. In the group with gangrenous appendicitis morbidity was significantly lower in laparoscopic appendectomy group (p = 0.014). Wound infection was significantly higher in the open appendectomy group (p = 0.041), and there were no significant differences in intra-abdominal abscesses (p = 0.471). In the perforated appendicitis group overall morbidity (p = 0.046) and wound infection (p = 0.004) was significantly higher in the open appendectomy group. There were no significant differences in intra-abdominal abscesses (p = 0.612). These results suggest that laparoscopic appendectomy for complicated appendicitis is a safe procedure that may prove to have significant clinical advantages over conventional surgery.

  18. [Laparoscopic surgery: from clinic to legal medicine].

    PubMed

    Chisari, M G; Finocchiaro, A; Lo Menzo, E; Rosato, V; Basile, G

    2004-12-01

    The laparoscopic technique introduced a new way of operating but inevitably causing new problems for the surgeon. After a comprehensive review of the history and the evolution of laparoscopic surgery from its beginning, the technical aspects of minimally invasive surgery and its fields of application are described. The close dependence on instruments and technology is emphasized. A detailed analysis of the advantages and limitations of laparoscopy is made with emphasis on the importance of a risk-benefit evaluation by the health care provider. Of key importance is to obtain a detailed and clear informed consent. The medico legal aspects of intraoperative complications and the liability of the surgical team in case of patients' injury or death are examined. However, it is always necessary to consider if the potential complications are predictable and/or preventable in accordance to the parameters of negligence, imprudence and lack of knowledge. The same criteria have to be applied to assure compliance with the preventive sanitary rules and that the conversion to laparotomy has been promptly carried out.

  19. Diffuse reflectance measurement tool for laparoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giardini, Mario E.; Klemm, Annett B.; Di Falco, Andrea; Krauss, Thomas F.

    2010-04-01

    Continuous-wave diffuse reflectance or Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) offers the possibility to perform a preliminary screening of tissue for ischemia or other tissue anomalies. A tool for intracavity NIRS measurements during laparoscopic surgery, developed within the framework of the FP7-IP ARAKNES (Array of Robots Augmenting the KiNematics of Endoluminal Surgery) project, is described. It consists of a probe, that is located on the tip of an appropriately shaped laparoscopic manipulator and then applied to the tissue. Such a probe employs an array of incoherent semiconductor light sources (LEDs) frequency-multiplexed on a single detector using a lock-in technique. The resulting overall tool structure is simple and compact, and allows efficient coupling of the emitted light towards the tissue. The tool has high responsivity and enables fast and accurate measurements. A dataset gathered from in-vivo tissue is presented. The performance both indicates direct applicability of the tool to significant surgical issues (ischemia detection), and clearly indicates the possibility of further miniaturizing the probe head towards catheterized approaches.

  20. Pilot Study on Laparoscopic Surgery in Port-Harcourt, Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    Ray-Offor, E; Okoro, PE; Gbobo, I; Allison, AB

    2014-01-01

    Background: Video-laparoscopic surgery has long been practiced in western countries; however documented practice of this minimal access surgical technique are recently emanating from Nigeria. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first documented study on laparoscopic surgery from the Niger Delta region. Aim: To evaluate the feasibility of laparoscopy as a useful tool for management of common surgical abdominal conditions in our environment. Patients and Methods: This was a prospective outcome study of all consecutive surgical patients who had laparoscopic procedures in general and pediatric surgery units of our institution from August 2011 to December 2012. Data on patient's age, gender, indication for surgery, duration of hospital stay and outcome of surgery were collected and analyzed. Results: A total of 15 laparoscopic procedures were performed during this study period with age range of 2-65 years; mean: 32.27 ± 17.86 years. There were 11 males and four females. Six laparoscopic appendicectomies, one laparoscopy-assisted orchidopexy, five diagnostic laparoscopy ± biopsy, one laparoscopic trans-abdominal pre-peritoneal herniorrhaphy for bilateral indirect inguinal hernia and two laparoscopic adhesiolysis for small bowel obstruction were performed. All were successfully completed except one conversion (6.7%) for uncontrollable bleeding in an intra-abdominal tumor. Conclusion: The practice of laparoscopic surgery in our environment is feasible and safe despite the numerous, but surmountable challenges. There is the need for adequate training of the support staff and a dedicated theatre suite. PMID:24665198

  1. Laparoscopic and open surgery for right colonic diverticulitis.

    PubMed

    Lee, In Kyu; Lee, Yoon Suk; Kim, Sung Jip; Gorden, D Lee; Won, Dae Youn; Kim, Hyeung Jin; Cho, Hyeun Min; Jeon, Hae Myung; Kim, Jun-Gi; Oh, Seong Taek

    2010-05-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic surgery by comparing laparoscopic and conventional surgery of right colonic diverticulitis (RCD). Among 124 patients who were treated for RCD from January 1997 to July 2007, we enrolled 54 patients who received resection therapy of RCD. Patients were divided into two groups: laparoscopic (LAP; n=19) and conventional (CON; n=35) surgery groups according to the respective surgical modality. The diverticulectomy (DIV; n=46) and right colectomy (COL; n=8) groups were also compared according to operative methods. There were significant differences between preoperative diagnosis and selection of the operative method and between RCD type and selection of operative method. However, there were no significant differences between preoperative diagnosis and selection of laparoscopic surgery and between RCD type and selection of laparoscopic surgery. The Kaplan-Meier estimated recurrence risk for all patients also showed no significant differences between LAP and CON and DIV and COL (P = 0.413). The Kaplan-Meier-estimated RCD-free period after surgery was 92.7 months (limited to 100 months). Laparoscopic surgery of RCD is an effective and safety method as a result of no differences in clinical data between conventional and laparoscopic surgery.

  2. Povidone-iodine surgical scrub solution prevents fogging of the scope's lens during laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Mohammadhosseini, Bijan

    2010-06-01

    Easy cleaning of the scope's lens in a syringe to prevent condensation during laparoscopic surgery is a simple and good way to use antifog solution more easily during laparoscopic surgery. This report explains a more inexpensive way to overcome condensation during laparoscopic surgery. Rubbing povidone-iodine surgical scrub solution on the scope's lens prevents its fogging during laparoscopic surgery.

  3. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo secondary to laparoscopic surgery

    PubMed Central

    Shan, Xizheng; Wang, Amy; Wang, Entong

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a common vestibular disorder and it may be idiopathic or secondary to some conditions such as surgery, but rare following laparoscopic surgery. Methods: We report two cases of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo secondary to laparoscopic surgery, one after laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a 51-year-old man and another following laparoscopic hysterectomy in a 60-year-old woman. Results: Both patients were treated successfully with manual or device-assisted canalith repositioning maneuvers, with no recurrence on the follow-up of 6 -18 months. Conclusions: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a rare but possible complication of laparoscopic surgery. Both manual and device-assisted repositioning maneuvers are effective treatments for this condition, with good efficacy and prognosis. PMID:28255446

  4. Combined Endoscopic Laparoscopic Surgery Procedures for Colorectal Surgery.

    PubMed

    Placek, Sarah B; Nelson, Jeffrey

    2017-04-01

    Colonoscopy is the standard of care for screening and surveillance of colorectal cancers. Removal of adenomatous polyps prevents the transformation of adenomas to potential adenocarcinoma. While most polyps are amenable to simple endoscopic polypectomy, difficult polyps that are large, broad-based, or located in haustral folds or in tortuous colon segments can present a challenge for endoscopists. Traditionally, patients with endoscopically unresectable polyps have been referred for oncologic surgical resection due to the underlying risk of malignancy within the polyp; however, the majority of these polyps are benign on final pathology. Combined endoscopic laparoscopic surgery can help facilitate endoscopic removal of difficult lesions, or allow the surgeon to select the correct laparoscopic approach for polyp excision. Current literature suggests that these procedures are safe and effective and can potentially save patients from the morbidity of laparotomy and segmental colectomy.

  5. Protocol for extended antibiotic therapy after laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute calculous cholecystitis (Cholecystectomy Antibiotic Randomised Trial, CHART)

    PubMed Central

    Pellegrini, Pablo; Campana, Juan Pablo; Dietrich, Agustín; Goransky, Jeremías; Glinka, Juan; Giunta, Diego; Barcan, Laura; Alvarez, Fernando; Mazza, Oscar; Sánchez Claria, Rodrigo; Palavecino, Martin; Arbues, Guillermo; Ardiles, Victoria; de Santibañes, Eduardo; Pekolj, Juan; de Santibañes, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Acute calculous cholecystitis represents one of the most common complications of cholelithiasis. While laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the standard treatment in mild and moderate forms, the need for antibiotic therapy after surgery remains undefined. The aim of the randomised controlled Cholecystectomy Antibiotic Randomised Trial (CHART) is therefore to assess if there are benefits in the use of postoperative antibiotics in patients with mild or moderate acute cholecystitis in whom a laparoscopic cholecystectomy is performed. Methods and analysis A single-centre, double-blind, randomised trial. After screening for eligibility and informed consent, 300 patients admitted for acute calculus cholecystitis will be randomised into two groups of treatment, either receiving amoxicillin/clavulanic acid or placebo for 5 consecutive days. Postoperative evaluation will take place during the first 30 days. Postoperative infectious complications are the primary end point. Secondary end points are length of hospital stay, readmissions, need of reintervention (percutaneous or surgical reinterventions) and overall mortality. The results of this trial will provide strong evidence to either support or abandon the use of antibiotics after surgery, impacting directly in the incidence of adverse events associated with the use of antibiotics, the emergence of bacterial resistance and treatment costs. Ethics and dissemination This study and informed consent sheets have been approved by the Research Projects Evaluating Committee (CEPI) of Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires (protocol N° 2111). Results The results of the trial will be reported in a peer-reviewed publication. Trial registration number NCT02057679. PMID:26582405

  6. Simulation System for Training in Laparoscopic Surgery

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Basdogan, Cagatay; Ho, Chih-Hao

    2003-01-01

    A computer-based simulation system creates a visual and haptic virtual environment for training a medical practitioner in laparoscopic surgery. Heretofore, it has been common practice to perform training in partial laparoscopic surgical procedures by use of a laparoscopic training box that encloses a pair of laparoscopic tools, objects to be manipulated by the tools, and an endoscopic video camera. However, the surgical procedures simulated by use of a training box are usually poor imitations of the actual ones. The present computer-based system improves training by presenting a more realistic simulated environment to the trainee. The system includes a computer monitor that displays a real-time image of the affected interior region of the patient, showing laparoscopic instruments interacting with organs and tissues, as would be viewed by use of an endoscopic video camera and displayed to a surgeon during a laparoscopic operation. The system also includes laparoscopic tools that the trainee manipulates while observing the image on the computer monitor (see figure). The instrumentation on the tools consists of (1) position and orientation sensors that provide input data for the simulation and (2) actuators that provide force feedback to simulate the contact forces between the tools and tissues. The simulation software includes components that model the geometries of surgical tools, components that model the geometries and physical behaviors of soft tissues, and components that detect collisions between them. Using the measured positions and orientations of the tools, the software detects whether they are in contact with tissues. In the event of contact, the deformations of the tissues and contact forces are computed by use of the geometric and physical models. The image on the computer screen shows tissues deformed accordingly, while the actuators apply the corresponding forces to the distal ends of the tools. For the purpose of demonstration, the system has been set

  7. First, Do No Harm: Expertise and Metacognition in Laparoscopic Surgery.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    certain types of errors is increased (e.g., cutting or damaging the common bile duct during laparoscopic cholecystectomy ). In challenging cases...surgeons continually assess whether the patient’s best interest might be served by converting a laparoscopic case to an open-incision one. Converting widens...videotape from a difficult laparoscopic surgery case. The surgeons responded to structured questions at critical points in the procedure and also

  8. Past, present, and future of laparoscopic renal surgery

    PubMed Central

    Kavoussi, Louis

    2016-01-01

    Although laparoscopic renal surgery dates to almost 30 years ago, in which the first laparoscopic nephrectomy was performed in 1990, the history of laparoscopy extends back over 100 years, when laparoscopy was first performed on dogs. Over the last 30 years, laparoscopic renal surgery has seen many advancements in technology and technique. With the introduction of robotics and new instruments, renal surgery is becoming increasingly less invasive, and patients are having improved operative outcomes. As new technology develops, the envelope will continue to be pushed by urologists with the hope of improvement of patient outcomes and satisfaction. PMID:27995214

  9. Laparoscopic colposuspension versus vaginal suburethral slingplasty: a randomised prospective trial.

    PubMed

    Foote, Andrew J; Maughan, Vicky; Carne, Claire

    2006-12-01

    This study aimed to determine if laparoscopic colposuspension (LC) was as effective as vaginal suburethral slingplasty (SPARC). Ninety-seven women with urodynamic stress incontinence were prospectively randomised to LC (n=48) or SPARC (n=49). Outcome measures were measured at, baseline, six months (n=87) and two years (n=58), and comprised leakage episodes per week and visual analogue scale (VAS) of incontinence severity. The LC and SPARC groups at baseline had similar leaks per week (8.8 vs 9.8) and VAS (5.6 vs 5.9). Laparoscopic colposuspension took longer to perform (48 vs 30 mins, P<0.001), had a slightly higher blood loss (104 vs 82 mL, P<0.01), had a longer hospitalisation (4.0 vs 1.5 days, P<0.001) and had a longer time to resumption of normal activities (3.6 vs 2.8 week, P<0.01). At six months there were no significant differences between LC and SPARC with regard to leaks per week (1.1 vs 2.6) and VAS (1.3 vs 0.7). The success rates were similar (88.3 vs 81.8%). These results again had no significant differences at two years (leaks per week 2.1 vs 3.5, and VAS 1.7 vs 2.2). At two years, the cure/improved rates again found no significant difference (81.5 vs 77.4%) Laparoscopic colposuspension is as effective as vaginal suburethral slingplasty after two years' follow-up.

  10. Pure laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic reconstructive surgery in congenital megaureter: a single institution experience.

    PubMed

    Fu, Weijun; Zhang, Xu; Zhang, Xiaoyi; Zhang, Peng; Gao, Jiangping; Dong, Jun; Chen, Guangfu; Xu, Axiang; Ma, Xin; Li, Hongzhao; Shi, Lixin

    2014-01-01

    To report our experience of pure laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic reconstructive surgery in congenital megaureter, seven patients (one bilateral) with symptomatic congenital megaureter underwent pure laparoscopic or robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery. The megaureter was exposed at the level of the blood vessel and was isolated to the bladder narrow area. Extreme ureter trim and submucosal tunnel encapsulation or papillary implantations and anti-reflux ureter bladder anastomosis were performed intraperitoneally by pure laparoscopic or robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery. The clinical data of seven patients after operation were analyzed, including the operation time, intraoperative complications, intraoperative bleeding volumes, postoperative complications, postoperative hospitalization time and pathological results. All of the patients were followed. The operation was successfully performed in seven patients. The mean operation times for pure laparoscopic surgery and robotic-assistant laparoscopic surgery were 175 (range: 150-220) and 187 (range: 170-205) min, respectively, and the mean operative blood loss volumes were 20 (range: 10-30) and 28.75 (range: 15-20) ml, respectively. There were no intraoperative complications. The postoperative drainage time was 5 (range: 4-6) and 5.75 (range: 5-6) d, respectively, and the indwelling catheter time was 6.33 (range: 4-8) d and 7 (range: 7-7) d, respectively. The postoperative hospitalization time was 7.67 (range: 7-8) d and 8 (range: 7-10) d, respectively. There was no obvious pain, no secondary bleeding and no urine leakage after the operation. Postoperative pathology reports revealed chronic urothelial mucosa inflammation. The follow-up results confirmed that all patients were relieved of their symptoms. Both pure laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery using different anti-reflux ureter bladder anastomoses are safe and effective approaches in the minimally invasive treatment of congenital

  11. Critical appraisal of laparoscopic vs open rectal cancer surgery

    PubMed Central

    Tan, Winson Jianhong; Chew, Min Hoe; Dharmawan, Angela Renayanti; Singh, Manraj; Acharyya, Sanchalika; Loi, Carol Tien Tau; Tang, Choong Leong

    2016-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the long-term clinical and oncological outcomes of laparoscopic rectal resection (LRR) and the impact of conversion in patients with rectal cancer. METHODS: An analysis was performed on a prospective database of 633 consecutive patients with rectal cancer who underwent surgical resection. Patients were compared in three groups: Open surgery (OP), laparoscopic surgery, and converted laparoscopic surgery. Short-term outcomes, long-term outcomes, and survival analysis were compared. RESULTS: Among 633 patients studied, 200 patients had successful laparoscopic resections with a conversion rate of 11.1% (25 out of 225). Factors predictive of survival on univariate analysis include the laparoscopic approach (P = 0.016), together with factors such as age, ASA status, stage of disease, tumor grade, presence of perineural invasion and vascular emboli, circumferential resection margin < 2 mm, and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. The survival benefit of laparoscopic surgery was no longer significant on multivariate analysis (P = 0.148). Neither 5-year overall survival (70.5% vs 61.8%, P = 0.217) nor 5-year cancer free survival (64.3% vs 66.6%, P = 0.854) were significantly different between the laparoscopic group and the converted group. CONCLUSION: LRR has equivalent long-term oncologic outcomes when compared to OP. Laparoscopic conversion does not confer a worse prognosis. PMID:27358678

  12. Recent results of laparoscopic surgery in inflammatory bowel disease

    PubMed Central

    Kessler, Hermann; Mudter, Jonas; Hohenberger, Werner

    2011-01-01

    Inflammatory bowel diseases are an ideal indication for the laparoscopic surgical approach as they are basically benign diseases not requiring lymphadenectomy and extended mesenteric excision; well-established surgical procedures are available for the conventional approach. Inflammatory alterations and fragility of the bowel and mesentery, however, may demand a high level of laparoscopic experience. A broad spectrum of operations from the rather easy enterostomy formation for anal Crohn’s disease (CD) to restorative proctocolectomies for ulcerative colitis (UC) may be managed laparoscopically. The current evidence base for the use of laparoscopic techniques in the surgical therapy of inflammatory bowel diseases is presented. CD limited to the terminal ileum has become a common indication for laparoscopic surgical therapy. In severe anal CD, laparoscopic stoma formation is a standard procedure with low morbidity and short operative time. Studies comparing conventional and laparoscopic bowel resections, have found shorter times to first postoperative bowel movements and shorter hospital stays as well as lower complication rates in favour of the laparoscopic approach. Even complicated cases with previous surgery, abscess formation and enteric fistulas may be operated on laparoscopically with a low morbidity. In UC, restorative proctocolectomy is the standard procedure in elective surgery. The demanding laparoscopic approach is increasingly used, however, mainly in major centers; its feasibility has been proven in various studies. An increased body mass index and acute inflammation of the bowel may be relative contraindications. Short and long-term outcomes like quality of life seem to be equivalent for open and laparoscopic surgery. Multiple studies have proven that the laparoscopic approach to CD and UC is a safe and successful alternative for selected patients. The appropriate selection criteria are still under investigation. Technical considerations are playing

  13. Technological advances in laparoscopic aorto-occlusive surgery.

    PubMed

    Gracia, C R; Dion, Y M

    1999-09-01

    Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has been recognized as increasingly beneficial to patients undergoing various cardiovascular surgical procedures. Cardiac applications with MIS techniques and technologies are being shown as beneficial in heart valve replacement and in coronary artery bypass. In vascular surgery, benefits are being reported for endoscopic saphenous vein harvesting as well as endoscopic ligation of incompetent perforators. Since 1993, applications of laparoscopy to aortic surgery have been reported. Until these reports, percutaneous interventional procedures have been the mainstay of MIS vascular work for aortoiliac disease. Reported laparoscopic techniques have ranged from laparoscopically assisted techniques to procedures performed completely laparoscopically. Several studies show that laparoscopic aortic surgery is feasible. These show the known advantages of MIS for patients, with decreased use of analgesics, shortened ileus, earlier ambulation, and shortened length of stay. Laparoscopy has been showing a growing role in the armamentarium of the modern vascular surgeon.

  14. Laparoscopic Suturing as a Barrier to Broader Adoption of Laparoscopic Surgery.

    PubMed

    Lim, Sangtaeck; Ghosh, Sudip; Niklewski, Paul; Roy, Sanjoy

    2017-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery is increasingly replacing the open procedure because of its many patient-related benefits that are well aligned with policies and programs that seek to optimize health system performance. However, widespread adoption of laparoscopic surgery has been slow, in part, because of the complexity of laparoscopic suturing. The objective of this study was to review the clinical and economic impacts of laparoscopic suturing in key procedures and to assess its role as a barrier to the broader adoption of laparoscopic surgery. A medical literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and BIOSIS from January 2010 through June 2016 identified 47 relevant articles. Laparoscopic suturing and intracorporeal knot tying may result in extended surgical time, complications, and surgeon errors, while improving patient quality of life through improved cosmesis, diet toleration, and better bowel movements. Despite advancement in surgical techniques and the availability of newer surgical tools, the complexity of laparoscopic suturing continues to be a barrier to greater adoption of MIS. The results of the study underscore the need for development of proficiency in laparoscopic suturing, which may help improve patient outcomes and reduce healthcare costs.

  15. Laparoscopic Suturing as a Barrier to Broader Adoption of Laparoscopic Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Ghosh, Sudip; Niklewski, Paul; Roy, Sanjoy

    2017-01-01

    Background: Laparoscopic surgery is increasingly replacing the open procedure because of its many patient-related benefits that are well aligned with policies and programs that seek to optimize health system performance. However, widespread adoption of laparoscopic surgery has been slow, in part, because of the complexity of laparoscopic suturing. The objective of this study was to review the clinical and economic impacts of laparoscopic suturing in key procedures and to assess its role as a barrier to the broader adoption of laparoscopic surgery. Database: A medical literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and BIOSIS from January 2010 through June 2016 identified 47 relevant articles. Conclusion: Laparoscopic suturing and intracorporeal knot tying may result in extended surgical time, complications, and surgeon errors, while improving patient quality of life through improved cosmesis, diet toleration, and better bowel movements. Despite advancement in surgical techniques and the availability of newer surgical tools, the complexity of laparoscopic suturing continues to be a barrier to greater adoption of MIS. The results of the study underscore the need for development of proficiency in laparoscopic suturing, which may help improve patient outcomes and reduce healthcare costs. PMID:28694682

  16. Gases for establishing pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopic abdominal surgery.

    PubMed

    Yu, Tianwu; Cheng, Yao; Wang, Xiaomei; Tu, Bing; Cheng, Nansheng; Gong, Jianping; Bai, Lian

    2017-06-21

    This is an update of the review published in 2013.Laparoscopic surgery is now widely performed to treat various abdominal diseases. Currently, carbon dioxide is the most frequently used gas for insufflation of the abdominal cavity (pneumoperitoneum). Although carbon dioxide meets most of the requirements for pneumoperitoneum, the absorption of carbon dioxide may be associated with adverse events. People with high anaesthetic risk are more likely to experience cardiopulmonary complications and adverse events, for example hypercapnia and acidosis, which has to be avoided by hyperventilation. Therefore, other gases have been introduced as alternatives to carbon dioxide for establishing pneumoperitoneum. To assess the safety, benefits, and harms of different gases (i.e. carbon dioxide, helium, argon, nitrogen, nitrous oxide, and room air) used for establishing pneumoperitoneum in participants undergoing laparoscopic general abdominal or gynaecological pelvic surgery. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (the Cochrane Library, 2016, Issue 9), Ovid MEDLINE (1950 to September 2016), Ovid Embase (1974 to September 2016), Science Citation Index Expanded (1970 to September 2016), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM) (1978 to September 2016), ClinicalTrials.gov (September 2016), and World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (September 2016). We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing different gases for establishing pneumoperitoneum in participants (irrespective of age, sex, or race) undergoing laparoscopic abdominal or gynaecological pelvic surgery under general anaesthesia. Two review authors identified the trials for inclusion, collected the data, and assessed the risk of bias independently. We performed the meta-analyses using Review Manager 5. We calculated risk ratio (RR) for dichotomous outcomes (or Peto odds ratio for very rare outcomes), and mean difference (MD) or standardised

  17. Pain reduction after total laparoscopic hysterectomy and laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy among women with dysmenorrhoea: a randomised controlled trial.

    PubMed

    Berner, E; Qvigstad, E; Myrvold, A K; Lieng, M

    2015-07-01

    To evaluate the effectiveness of total laparoscopic hysterectomy compared with laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy for alleviating dysmenorrhoea. Randomised blinded controlled trial. Norwegian university teaching hospital. Sixty-two women with dysmenorrhoea. Participants randomised to either total laparoscopic hysterectomy (n = 31) or laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (n = 31). The primary outcome measure, measured 12 months after intervention, was reduction of cyclic pelvic pain (visual analogue scale, 0-10). Secondary outcome measures included patient satisfaction (visual analogue scale, 0-10) and quality of life (Short Form 36, 0-100). The groups were comparable at baseline. There was no difference in self-reported dysmenorrhoea at 12 months (mean 0.8 [SD 1.6] versus 0.8 [SD 2.0], P = 0.94). There was no difference in patient satisfaction (mean 9.3 [SD 1.5] versus 9.1 [SD 1.2], P = 0.66) or quality of life (mean 81.6 [SD 17.8] versus 80.2 [SD 18.0], P = 0.69). Improvement in dysmenorrhoea and quality of life as well as patient satisfaction were comparable in the medium term when comparing total laparoscopic hysterectomy with laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy. © 2015 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.

  18. Laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic digestive surgery: Present and future directions.

    PubMed

    Rodríguez-Sanjuán, Juan C; Gómez-Ruiz, Marcos; Trugeda-Carrera, Soledad; Manuel-Palazuelos, Carlos; López-Useros, Antonio; Gómez-Fleitas, Manuel

    2016-02-14

    Laparoscopic surgery is applied today worldwide to most digestive procedures. In some of them, such as cholecystectomy, Nissen's fundoplication or obesity surgery, laparoscopy has become the standard in practice. In others, such as colon or gastric resection, the laparoscopic approach is frequently used and its usefulness is unquestionable. More complex procedures, such as esophageal, liver or pancreatic resections are, however, more infrequently performed, due to the high grade of skill necessary. As a result, there is less clinical evidence to support its implementation. In the recent years, robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery has been increasingly applied, again with little evidence for comparison with the conventional laparoscopic approach. This review will focus on the complex digestive procedures as well as those whose use in standard practice could be more controversial. Also novel robot-assisted procedures will be updated.

  19. Laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic digestive surgery: Present and future directions

    PubMed Central

    Rodríguez-Sanjuán, Juan C; Gómez-Ruiz, Marcos; Trugeda-Carrera, Soledad; Manuel-Palazuelos, Carlos; López-Useros, Antonio; Gómez-Fleitas, Manuel

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery is applied today worldwide to most digestive procedures. In some of them, such as cholecystectomy, Nissen’s fundoplication or obesity surgery, laparoscopy has become the standard in practice. In others, such as colon or gastric resection, the laparoscopic approach is frequently used and its usefulness is unquestionable. More complex procedures, such as esophageal, liver or pancreatic resections are, however, more infrequently performed, due to the high grade of skill necessary. As a result, there is less clinical evidence to support its implementation. In the recent years, robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery has been increasingly applied, again with little evidence for comparison with the conventional laparoscopic approach. This review will focus on the complex digestive procedures as well as those whose use in standard practice could be more controversial. Also novel robot-assisted procedures will be updated. PMID:26877605

  20. Laparoscopic and robotic adrenal surgery: transperitoneal approach

    PubMed Central

    Okoh, Alexis K.

    2015-01-01

    Recent advances in technology and the need to decrease surgical morbidity have led a rapid progress in laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) over the past decade. Robotics is attractive to the surgeon owing to the 3-dimensional image quality, articulating instruments, and stable surgical platform. The safety and efficacy of robotic adrenalectomy (RA) have been demonstrated by several reports. In addition, RA has been shown to provide similar outcomes compared to LA. Development of adrenal surgery has involved the description of several surgical approaches including the anterior transperitoneal, lateral transperitoneal (LT) and posterior retroperitoneal (PR). Among these, the most frequently preferred technique is LT adrenalectomy, primarily due to the surgeon’s familiarity of the operative field, wider working space and visibility. The LT technique is suitable for the resection of larger, unilateral tumors and in scenarios where conversion to an open transperitoneal approach is warranted, it offers a lesser burden. Also, the larger view of the entire abdominal cavity and excellent exposure of both adrenal glands and surrounding structures provided by the LT technique render it safe and feasible in pediatric and pregnant individuals. PMID:26425457

  1. Friction characteristics of trocars in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Alazmani, Ali; Roshan, Rupesh; Jayne, David G; Neville, Anne; Culmer, Peter

    2015-04-01

    This article investigates the friction characteristics of the instrument-trocar interface in laparoscopic surgery for varying linear instrument velocities, trocar seal design and material, and trocar tilt. Furthermore, the effect of applying lubrication at the instrument-trocar seal interface on friction was studied. A friction testing apparatus was designed and built to characterise the resistance force at the instrument-trocar interface as a function of the instrument's linear movement in the 12-mm trocar (at constant velocity) for different design, seal material, and angle of tilt. The resistance force depended on the trocar seal design and material properties, specifically surface roughness, elasticity, hardness, the direction of movement, and the instrument linear velocity, and varied between 0.25 and 8 N. Lubricating the shaft with silicone oil reduced the peak resistance force by 75% for all trocars and eliminated the stick-slip phenomenon evident in non-lubricated cases. The magnitude of fluctuation in resistance force depends on the trocar design and is attributed to stick-slip of the sealing mechanism and is generally higher during retraction in comparison to insertion. Trocars that have an inlet seal made of rubber/polyurethane showed higher resistance forces during retraction. Use of a lubricant significantly reduced frictional effects. Comparisons of the investigated trocars indicate that a low friction port, providing the surgeon with improved haptic feedback, can be designed by improving the tribological properties of the trocar seal interface. © IMechE 2015.

  2. Laparoscopic antireflux surgery. What is real progress?

    PubMed Central

    Collard, J M; de Gheldere, C A; De Kock, M; Otte, J B; Kestens, P J

    1994-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The authors aim to substantiate, with objective arguments, potential advantages of laparoscopic versus open antireflux surgery in the light of the recent crude experience of the Louvain Medical School Hospital. METHODS: Seventy-two consecutive patients with disabling gastroesophageal reflux disease ([GERD], n = 56), symptomatic hiatal hernia without GERD (n = 5), or unsatisfactory outcome after unsuccessful antireflux procedure (n = 11) were operated on by laparotomy (n = 28), laparoscopy (n = 39), or thoracotomy (n = 5). The antireflux procedure was a subdiaphragmatic Nissen fundoplication (n = 60), an intrathoracic Nissen fundoplication (short esophagus, n = 3), a subdiaphragmatic 240 degrees fundoplication (severe motility disorders, n = 3), a Lortat-Jacob repair (hiatal hernia without GERD, n = 5), and a duodenal diversion (delayed gastric emptying, n = 1). RESULTS: Major postoperative morbidity included two pulmonary embolisms (one laparoscopy patient and one laparotomy patient), and one hemothorax (one thoracotomy patient). Mean hospital stay was 6.4 days for laparoscopy, 7.8 days for laparotomy, and 12.5 days for thoracotomy. Postoperative morphine consumption (patient-controlled analgesia) averaged 47 mg/48 hrs (laparoscopy) versus 46 mg/48 hrs (laparotomy with primary antireflux surgery) (p > 0.05). Although 93% of the laparoscopy patients returned to work within 3 weeks after surgery, 92% of the laparotomy and thoracotomy patients resumed their activity after more than 6 weeks. At follow-up, 87.5% of the patients were asymptomatic or had inconsequential symptoms, 9.8% had disabling side effects, and 2.7% had persistent or recurring esophageal symptoms. There were four parietal herniations, i.e., one incisional hernia and one recurrence of a repaired umbilical hernia in the laparotomy group, and two herniations of the wrap into the chest--probably related to a premature return to manual work--in the laparoscopy group. Three laparoscopy patients

  3. Urogenital function in robotic vs laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery: a comparative study.

    PubMed

    Panteleimonitis, Sofoklis; Ahmed, Jamil; Ramachandra, Meghana; Farooq, Muhammad; Harper, Mick; Parvaiz, Amjad

    2017-02-01

    Urological and sexual dysfunction are recognised risks of rectal cancer surgery; however, there is limited evidence regarding urogenital function comparing robotic to laparoscopic techniques. The aim of this study was to assess the urogenital functional outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic and robotic rectal cancer surgery. Urological and sexual functions were assessed using gender-specific validated standardised questionnaires. Questionnaires were sent a minimum of 6 months after surgery, and patients were asked to report their urogenital function pre- and post-operatively, allowing changes in urogenital function to be identified. Questionnaires were sent to 158 patients (89 laparoscopy, 69 robotic) of whom 126 (80 %) responded. Seventy-eight (49 male, 29 female) of the responders underwent laparoscopic and 48 (35 male, 13 female) robotic surgery. Male patients in the robotic group deteriorated less across all components of sexual function and in five components of urological function. Composite male urological and sexual function score changes from baseline were better in the robotic cohort (p < 0.001). In females, there was no difference between the two groups in any of the components of urological or sexual function. However, composite female urological function score change from baseline was better in the robotic group (p = 0.003). Robotic rectal cancer surgery might offer better post-operative urological and sexual outcomes compared to laparoscopic surgery in male patients and better urological outcomes in females. Larger scale, prospective randomised control studies including urodynamic assessment of urogenital function are required to validate these results.

  4. Laparoscopic gastric surgery for cancer: where do we stand?

    PubMed

    Antonakis, Pantelis T; Ashrafian, Hutan; Isla, Alberto Martinez

    2014-10-21

    Gastric cancer poses a significant public health problem, especially in the Far East, due to its high incidence in these areas. Surgical treatment and guidelines have been markedly different in the West, but nowadays this debate is apparently coming to an end. Laparoscopic surgery has been employed in the surgical treatment of gastric cancer for two decades now, but with controversies about the extent of resection and lymphadenectomy. Despite these difficulties, the apparent advantages of the laparoscopic approach helped its implementation in early stage and distal gastric cancer, with an increase on the uptake for distal gastrectomy for more advanced disease and total gastrectomy. Nevertheless, there is no conclusive evidence about the laparoscopic approach yet. In this review article we present and analyse the current status of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of gastric cancer.

  5. Laparoscopic surgery for biliary atresia and choledochal cyst.

    PubMed

    Yamataka, Atsuyuki; Lane, Geoffrey J; Cazares, Joel

    2012-08-01

    Minimally invasive surgery in children has evolved to the extent that complex procedures can be performed with safety and outcome comparable with open surgery, with the advantage of minimal scarring. Here we describe the latest laparoscopic techniques used by us at the Juntendo University Hospital, Japan, for treating biliary atresia and choledochal malformation, with presentation of our postoperative management and discussion of preliminary outcomes.

  6. Benign peritoneal multicystic mesothelioma diagnosed and treated by laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Saad, Stefan; Brockmann, Michael; Maegele, Marc

    2007-10-01

    Benign cystic mesothelioma is a rare pathology predominantly encountered in females. The increased use of laparoscopy for abdominal pain, particularly in female patients, implies that surgeons are aware of the macro- and laparoscopic presentation of this tumor for adequate diagnosis and therapy. In this paper, we present the case of a young woman with benign multicystic mesothelioma in which only laparoscopy led to the appropriate diagnosis. Subsequently, the tumor was removed by laparoscopic surgery.

  7. [Laparoscopic versus open surgery for colorectal cancer. A comparative study].

    PubMed

    Arribas-Martin, Antonio; Díaz-Pizarro-Graf, José Ignacio; Muñoz-Hinojosa, Jorge Demetrio; Valdés-Castañeda, Alberto; Cruz-Ramírez, Omar; Bertrand, Martin Marie

    2014-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer is currently accepted and widespread worldwide. However, according tol the surgical experience on this approach, surgical and short-term oncologic results may vary. Studies comparing laparoscopic vs. open surgery in our population are scarce. To determine the superiority of the laparoscopic vs. open technique for colorectal cancer surgery. This retrospective and comparative study collected data from patients operated on for colorectal cancer between 1999 and 2011 at the Angeles Lomas Hospital, Mexico. A total of 82 patients were included in this study; 47 were operated through an open approach and 35 laparoscopically. Mean operative time was significantly lower in the open approach group (p= 0.008). There were no significant difference between both techniques for intraoperative bleeding (p= 0.3980), number of lymph nodes (p= 0.27), time to initiate oral feeding (p= 0.31), hospital stay (p= 0.12), and postoperative pain (p= 0.19). Procedure-related complications rate and type were not significantly different in both groups (p= 0.44). Patients operated laparoscopically required significantly less analgesic drugs (p= 0.04) and less need for epidural postoperative analgesia (p= 0.01). Laparoscopic approach is as safe as the traditional open approach for colorectal cancer. Early oncological and surgical results confirm its suitability according to this indication.

  8. Single-site Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery Provides Similar Clinical Outcomes Compared to Standard Laparoscopic Surgery: An Analysis of 626 Patients

    PubMed Central

    Sangster, William; Messaris, Evangelos; Berg, Arthur S.; Stewart, David B.

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND Compared to standard laparoscopy, single-site laparoscopic colorectal surgerymay potentially offer advantages by creating fewer surgical incisions and providing a multi-functional trocar. Previous comparisons, however, have been limited by small sample sizes and selection bias. OBJECTIVE To compare 60-day outcomes between standard laparoscopic and single-site laparoscopic colorectal surgery patients undergoing elective and urgent surgeries. DESIGN This was an unselected retrospective cohort study comparing patients who underwent elective and unplanned standard laparoscopic or single-site laparoscopic colorectal resections for benign and malignant disease between 2008 and 2014. Outcomes were compared using univariate analyses. SETTING This study was conducted at a single institution. PATIENTS A total of 626 consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Morbidity and mortality within 60 postoperative days. RESULTS 318 (51%) and 308 (49%) patients underwent standard laparoscopic and single-site laparoscopic procedures, respectively. No significant difference was noted in mean operative time (Standard laparoscopy 182.1 ± 81.3 vs. Single-site laparoscopy 177±86.5, p=0.30) and postoperative length of stay (Standard laparoscopy 4.8±3.4 vs. Single-site laparoscopy 5.5 ± 6.9, p=0.14). Conversions to laparotomy and 60-day readmissions were also similar for both cohorts across all procedures performed. A significant difference was identified in the number of patients who developed postoperative complications (Standard laparoscopy 19.2% vs. Single-site laparoscopy 10.7%, p=0.004), especially with respect to surgical-site infections (Standard laparoscopy 11.3% vs. Single-site laparoscopy 5.8%, p=0.02). LIMITATIONS This was a retrospective, single institution study. CONCLUSIONS Single-site laparoscopic colorectal surgery demonstrates similar results to standard laparoscopic colorectal surgery in regards to

  9. Virtual reality training in laparoscopic surgery: A systematic review & meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Alaker, Medhat; Wynn, Greg R; Arulampalam, Tan

    2016-05-01

    Laparoscopic surgery requires a different and sometimes more complex skill set than does open surgery. Shortened working hours, less training times, and patient safety issues necessitates that these skills need to be acquired outside the operating room. Virtual reality simulation in laparoscopic surgery is a growing field, and many studies have been published to determine its effectiveness. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to evaluate virtual reality simulation in laparoscopic abdominal surgery in comparison to other simulation models and to no training. A systematic literature search was carried out until January 2014 in full adherence to PRISMA guidelines. All randomised controlled studies comparing virtual reality training to other models of training or to no training were included. Only studies utilizing objective and validated assessment tools were included. Thirty one randomised controlled trials that compare virtual reality training to other models of training or to no training were included. The results of the meta-analysis showed that virtual reality simulation is significantly more effective than video trainers, and at least as good as box trainers. The use of Proficiency-based VR training, under supervision with prompt instructions and feedback, and the use of haptic feedback, has proven to be the most effective way of delivering the virtual reality training. The incorporation of virtual reality training into surgical training curricula is now necessary. A unified platform of training needs to be established. Further studies to assess the impact on patient outcomes and on hospital costs are necessary. (PROSPERO Registration number: CRD42014010030). Copyright © 2016 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Postural mechatronic assistant for laparoscopic solo surgery (PMASS).

    PubMed

    Minor Martinez, Arturo; Villalobos Gomez, Jesús; Ordorica Flores, Ricardo; Lorias Espinoza, Daniel

    2009-03-01

    Laparoscopes used in laparoscopic surgery are manipulated by human means, passive systems or robotic systems. All three methods accumulate downtime when the laparoscope is cleaned and the optical perspective is adjusted. This work proposes a new navigation system that autonomously handles the laparoscope, with a view to reducing latency, and that allows real-time adjustment of the visual perspective. The system designed is an intuitive mechatronic system with three degrees of freedom and a single active articulation. The system uses the point of insertion as the invariant point for navigation and has a work space that closely resembles an inverted cone. The mechatronic system has been tested in a physical trainer, cutting and suturing chicken parts, as well as in laparoscopic ovariohysterectomies in dogs and pediatric surgeries. In all the procedures, surgeons were able to auto-navigate and there was no visual tremor while using the system. Surgeons performed visual approaches in real time and had both hands free to carry out the procedure. This new mechatronic system allows surgeons to perform solo surgery. Cleaning and positioning downtime are reduced, since it is the surgeon him/herself who handles the optics and selects the best visual perspective for the surgery.

  11. Quantitative analysis of intraoperative communication in open and laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Sevdalis, Nick; Wong, Helen W L; Arora, Sonal; Nagpal, Kamal; Healey, Andrew; Hanna, George B; Vincent, Charles A

    2012-10-01

    Communication is important for patient safety in the operating room (OR). Several studies have assessed OR communications qualitatively or have focused on communication in crisis situations. This study used prospective, quantitative observation based on well-established communication theory to assess similarities and differences in communication patterns between open and laparoscopic surgery. Based on communication theory, a standardized proforma was developed for assessment in the OR via real-time observation of communication types, their purpose, their content, and their initiators/recipients. Data were collected prospectively in real time in the OR for 20 open and 20 laparoscopic inguinal hernia repairs. Assessors were trained and calibrated, and their reliability was established statistically. During 1,884 min of operative time, 4,227 communications were observed and analyzed (2,043 laparoscopic vs 2,184 open communications). The mean operative duration (laparoscopic, 48 min vs open, 47 min), mean communication frequency (laparoscopic, 102 communications/procedure vs open, 109 communications/procedure), and mean communication rate (laparoscopic, 2.13 communications/min vs open, 2.23 communications/min) did not differ significantly across laparoscopic and open procedures. Communications were most likely to be initiated by surgeons (80-81 %), to be received by either other surgeons (46-50%) or OR nurses (38-40 %), to be associated with equipment/procedural issues (39-47 %), and to provide direction for the OR team (38-46%) in open and laparoscopic cases. Moreover, communications in laparoscopic cases were significantly more equipment related (laparoscopic, 47 % vs open, 39 %) and aimed significantly more at providing direction (laparoscopic, 46 % vs open, 38 %) and at consulting (laparoscopic, 17 % vs open, 12 %) than at sharing information (laparoscopic, 17 % vs open, 31 %) (P < 0.001 for all). Numerous intraoperative communications were found in both

  12. Laparoscopic surgery for intestinal and urinary endometriosis.

    PubMed

    Redwine, D B; Sharpe, D R

    1995-12-01

    Intestinal and urinary tract involvement by endometriosis may be symptomatic, particularly when invasive disease is present. Even in expert hands, complete excision of all invasive disease cannot be accomplished laparoscopically in every case. The practitioner must balance enthusiasm for the advantages of a laparoscopic approach with limitations of time and skill. Laparoscopy should be abandoned in a particular case if a better job can be performed by laparotomy. Hysterectomy with castration may not relieve symptoms due to invasive disease.

  13. Data analyses and perspectives on laparoscopic surgery for esophageal achalasia.

    PubMed

    Tsuboi, Kazuto; Omura, Nobuo; Yano, Fumiaki; Hoshino, Masato; Yamamoto, Se-Ryung; Akimoto, Shunsuke; Masuda, Takahiro; Kashiwagi, Hideyuki; Yanaga, Katsuhiko

    2015-10-14

    In general, the treatment methods for esophageal achalasia are largely classified into four groups, including drug therapy using nitrite or a calcium channel blocker, botulinum toxin injection, endoscopic therapy such as endoscopic balloon dilation, and surgery. Various studies have suggested that the most effective treatment of esophageal achalasia is surgical therapy. The basic concept of this surgical therapy has not changed since Heller proposed esophageal myotomy for the purpose of resolution of lower esophageal obstruction for the first time in 1913, but the most common approach has changed from open-chest surgery to laparoscopic surgery. Currently, the laparoscopic surgery has been the procedure of choice for the treatment of esophageal achalasia. During the process of the transition from open-chest surgery to laparotomy, to thoracoscopic surgery, and to laparoscopic surgery, the necessity of combining antireflux surgery has been recognized. There is some debate as to which type of antireflux surgery should be selected. The Toupet fundoplication may be the most effective in prevention of postoperative antireflux, but many medical institutions have selected the Dor fundoplication which covers the mucosal surface exposed by myotomy. Recently, a new endoscopic approach, peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM), has received attention. Future studies should examine the long-term outcomes and whether POEM becomes the gold standard for the treatment of esophageal achalasia.

  14. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery for biliary tract disease

    PubMed Central

    Chuang, Shu-Hung; Lin, Chih-Sheng

    2016-01-01

    Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS), or laparoendoscopic single-site surgery, has been employed in various fields to minimize traumatic effects over the last two decades. Single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) has been the most frequently studied SILS to date. Hundreds of studies on SILC have failed to present conclusive results. Most randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been small in scale and have been conducted under ideal operative conditions. The role of SILC in complicated scenarios remains uncertain. As common bile duct exploration (CBDE) methods have been used for more than one hundred years, laparoscopic CBDE (LCBDE) has emerged as an effective, demanding, and infrequent technique employed during the laparoscopic era. Likewise, laparoscopic biliary-enteric anastomosis is difficult to carry out, with only a few studies have been published on the approach. The application of SILS to CBDE and biliary-enteric anastomosis is extremely rare, and such innovative procedures are only carried out by a number of specialized groups across the globe. Herein we present a thorough and detailed analysis of SILC in terms of operative techniques, training and learning curves, safety and efficacy levels, recovery trends, and costs by reviewing RCTs conducted over the past three years and two recently updated meta-analyses. All existing literature on single-incision LCBDE and single-incision laparoscopic hepaticojejunostomy has been reviewed to describe these two demanding techniques. PMID:26811621

  15. Single access laparoscopic surgery: Complementary or alternative to NOTES?

    PubMed Central

    Dapri, Giovanni

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, single access laparoscopic surgery (SALS) and natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) have gained interest from both clinical and industrial point of view, with the increased development of different laparoscopic instruments, production of various access ports, and improvement of operative endoscopes. The main advantages stimulating these two approaches are the cosmetic result, the rapid recovery of the patient, and the reduced need for pain killers. SALS and NOTES are in part complementary and in part alternative techniques. Currently, SALS is much simpler and technically easier than NOTES. PMID:21160876

  16. [Ultrasound scalpel--initial experiences with use in laparoscopic surgery].

    PubMed

    Lange, V; Millott, M; Dahshan, H; Eilers, D

    1996-04-01

    Worldwide the use of monopolar electrocautery is preferred in laparoscopic surgery. Beside the risk of thermal injury the technique involves some inconveniences for the surgeon. The ultrasonic scalpel offers theoretical advantages, which were clinically studied in a series of 443 operations. The absence of smoke, the reduced need for cleaning of the optic and the lack of complications due to the device lead us to believe that the ultrasonic scalpel is superior to electrocautery especially for beginners in laparoscopic surgery. The costs of the system--DM 150 per patient in our prospective series--are tolerable.

  17. Development of broad-view camera unit for laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Kawahara, Tomohiro; Takaki, Takeshi; Ishii, Idaku; Okajima, Masazumi

    2009-01-01

    A disadvantage of laparoscopic surgery is the narrow operative field provided by the endoscope camera. This paper describes a newly developed broad-view camera unit for use with the Broad-View Camera System, which is capable of providing a wider view of the internal organs during laparoscopic surgery. The developed camera unit is composed of a miniature color CMOS camera, an indwelling needle, and an extra-thin connector. The specific design of the camera unit and the method for positioning it are shown. The performance of the camera unit has been confirmed through basic and animal experiments.

  18. Urinary retention following laparoscopic gynaecological surgery with or without 4% icodextrin anti-adhesion solution.

    PubMed

    Nesbitt-Hawes, Erin M; Zhang, Christine S; Won, Ha Ryun; Law, Kenneth; Abbott, Jason A

    2013-06-01

    Urinary retention is a recognised complication of laparoscopic surgery. Previous work showed an association with 4% icodextrin solution and urinary retention. To determine the incidence of urinary retention following laparoscopic gynaecological surgery with or without the use of 4% icodextrin. A prospective observational study of 147 women undergoing laparoscopic gynaecological surgery for benign pathology. Women had their planned laparoscopic procedure and either received icodextrin solution or nothing as determined by their treating surgeon at the time of the operation. From May 2011 to February 2012, 147 women were approached to participate in the study; of whom, 124 women were included: 62 received icodextrin and 62 did not. The women in the non-icodextrin group were significantly older (P = 0.007) and had a higher BMI (P = 0.03) than those in the icodextrin group. Following surgery, 27/124 (21.8%) women had post-operative urinary retention. Icodextrin was associated with significantly more urinary retention (P = 0.017), but did not extend hospital admission significantly (P = 0.14). The administration of icodextrin was associated with resection of moderate- or severe-stage endometriosis involving multiple surgical sites, whereas women in the non-icodextrin group were more likely to be having a hysterectomy. In this non-randomised study, there were significantly more women with post-operative urinary retention when icodextrin was used; however, this did not contribute to an extended hospital admission. While there may be confounding factors, women receiving icodextrin should be warned of the possibility of urinary retention post-operatively, but that this is unlikely to affect their stay in hospital. © 2013 The Authors ANZJOG © 2013 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.

  19. Acupuncture for postoperative pain in laparoscopic surgery: a systematic review protocol.

    PubMed

    Lee, Seunghoon; Park, Jimin; Kim, Jihye; Kang, Jung Won; Choi, Do-Young; Park, Sun Jin; Nam, Dongwoo; Lee, Jae-Dong

    2014-12-23

    This review aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for patients with postoperative pain after laparoscopic surgery. We will search the following databases from their inception to October 2014: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), the Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED), three Chinese databases (China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), the Chongqing VIP Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database (VIP) and the Wanfang database), one Japanese database (Japan Science and Technology Information Aggregator, Electronic (J-STAGE)) and eight Korean databases (Korean Association of Medical Journal Edition, Korean Medical Database, Korean Studies Information Service System, National Discovery for Science Leaders, Database Periodical Information Academic, Korean National Assembly Digital Library, Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System and Korean Traditional Knowledge Portal). All randomised controlled trials of acupuncture for postoperative pain after laparoscopic surgery will be considered for inclusion. The risk of bias and reporting quality will be assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool, the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) and the revised STandards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture (STRICTA). The risk ratio for dichotomous data and mean difference or standard mean difference for continuous data will be calculated with 95% CIs. The results of this review will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publication or conference presentation. Our findings will summarise the current evidence of acupuncture to treat postoperative pain after laparoscopic surgery, and may provide important guidance for acupuncture usage after laparoscopic surgery for clinicians and patients. PROSPERO 2014: CRD42014010825. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited

  20. Laparoscope use and surgical site infections in digestive surgery.

    PubMed

    Romy, Sébastien; Eisenring, Marie-Christine; Bettschart, Vincent; Petignat, Christiane; Francioli, Patrick; Troillet, Nicolas

    2008-04-01

    To compare surgical site infection (SSI) rates in open or laparoscopic appendectomy, cholecystectomy, and colon surgery. To investigate the effect of laparoscopy on SSI in these interventions. Lower rates of SSI have been reported among various advantages associated with laparoscopy when compared with open surgery, particularly in cholecystectomy. However, biases such as the lack of postdischarge follow-up and confounding factors might have contributed to the observed differences between the 2 techniques. This observational study was based on prospectively collected data from an SSI surveillance program in 8 Swiss hospitals between March 1998 and December 2004, including a standardized postdischarge follow-up. SSI rates were compared between laparoscopic and open interventions. Factors associated with SSI were identified by using logistic regression models to adjust for potential confounding factors. SSI rates in laparoscopic and open interventions were respectively 59/1051 (5.6%) versus 117/1417 (8.3%) in appendectomy (P = 0.01), 46/2606 (1.7%) versus 35/444 (7.9%) in cholecystectomy (P < 0.0001), and 35/311 (11.3%) versus 400/1781 (22.5%) in colon surgery (P < 0.0001). After adjustment, laparoscopic interventions were associated with a decreased risk for SSI: OR = 0.61 (95% CI 0.43-0.87) in appendectomy, 0.27 (0.16-0.43) in cholecystectomy, and 0.43 (0.29-0.63) in colon surgery. The observed effect of laparoscopic techniques was due to a reduction in the rates of incisional infections, rather than in those of organ/space infections. When feasible, a laparoscopic approach should be preferred over open surgery to lower the risks of SSI.

  1. The rabbit nephrectomy model for training in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Molinas, Carlos Roger; Binda, Maria Mercedes; Mailova, Karina; Koninckx, Philippe Robert

    2004-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgical training is generally done with the teacher-student model using complex exercises. This study was performed to evaluate a new training model that emphasizes the repetition of simple procedures. Laparoscopic surgery was performed in rabbits (n=200) using conventional instruments. Gynaecologists (n=10) and medical students (n=10) performed a series of exercises during 20 full days training. Nephrectomy was chosen to evaluate and score laparoscopic skills, i.e. duration of surgery and complication rate, since it mimics the surgical challenge and involves dissection of major vessels. Each surgeon performed 20 nephrectomies, alternating left and right sides. Duration of surgery and complications decreased with training. For duration of surgery, a two-phase exponential decay learning curve, with different decays for gynaecologists and students, was observed. Gynaecologists achieved shorter operating times than students for real and calculated times in the first procedure (P<0.0001 and P<0.0001) and for calculated time in the last procedure (P=0.001). Severe complications were more frequent in students than in gynaecologists (P=0.0003). The rabbit nephrectomy model is suitable for training in laparoscopic surgery. Since it implies the repetition of short and well-defined exercises, progression is easier to monitor and the necessity for continuous supervision is less, making training less expensive.

  2. Immersive training and mentoring for laparoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nistor, Vasile; Allen, Brian; Dutson, E.; Faloutsos, P.; Carman, G. P.

    2007-04-01

    We describe in this paper a training system for minimally invasive surgery (MIS) that creates an immersive training simulation by recording the pathways of the instruments from an expert surgeon while performing an actual training task. Instrument spatial pathway data is stored and later accessed at the training station in order to visualize the ergonomic experience of the expert surgeon and trainees. Our system is based on tracking the spatial position and orientation of the instruments on the console for both the expert surgeon and the trainee. The technology is the result of recent developments in miniaturized position sensors that can be integrated seamlessly into the MIS instruments without compromising functionality. In order to continuously monitor the positions of laparoscopic tool tips, DC magnetic tracking sensors are used. A hardware-software interface transforms the coordinate data points into instrument pathways, while an intuitive graphic user interface displays the instruments spatial position and orientation for the mentor/trainee, and endoscopic video information. These data are recorded and saved in a database for subsequent immersive training and training performance analysis. We use two 6 DOF DC magnetic trackers with a sensor diameter of just 1.3 mm - small enough for insertion into 4 French catheters, embedded in the shaft of a endoscopic grasper and a needle driver. One sensor is located at the distal end of the shaft while the second sensor is located at the proximal end of the shaft. The placement of these sensors does not impede the functionally of the instrument. Since the sensors are located inside the shaft there are no sealing issues between the valve of the trocar and the instrument. We devised a peg transfer training task in accordance to validated training procedures, and tested our system on its ability to differentiate between the expert surgeon and the novices, based on a set of performance metrics. These performance metrics

  3. Single-port laparoscopic surgery for sigmoid volvulus

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Byung Jo; Jeong, Won Jun; Kim, Say-June; Lee, Sang Chul

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To report our experience with single-port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS) for sigmoid volvulus (SV). METHODS: Between October 2009 and April 2013, 10 patients underwent SPLS for SV. SPLS was performed transumbilically or through a predetermined stoma site. Conventional straight and rigid-type laparoscopic instruments were used. After intracorporeal, segmental resection of the affected sigmoid colon, the specimen was extracted through the single-incision site. Patient demographics and perioperative data were analyzed. RESULTS: SPLS for SV was successful in all 10 patients (4, resection and primary anastomosis; 6, Hartmann’s procedure). The median operative time and postoperative hospitalization period were 168 (range, 85-315) min and 6.5 (range, 4-29) d, respectively. No intraoperative complications were noted; there were 2 postoperative complications, including 1 anastomotic leak. CONCLUSION: SPLS was a safe and feasible therapeutic approach for SV, when performed by a surgeon experienced in conventional laparoscopic surgery. PMID:25741145

  4. The role of laparoscopic surgery for renal calculi management

    PubMed Central

    Kijvikai, Kittinut

    2011-01-01

    To date, most cases of renal calculi have been managed with extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy and endoscopic procedures. However, for complex renal stone conditions, these minimally invasive procedures may require multiple operative sessions. Open surgery is usually reserved as a salvage procedure, although it is invasive in nature. Laparoscopic treatment is well accepted in renal surgery. For stone disease, it can duplicate open surgical techniques such as pyelolithotomy, pyeloplasty, anatrophic nephrolithotomy, caliceal diverticulectomy and nephrectomy. Although the laparoscopic techniques for stone treatment are quite challenging, it is both feasible and safe. Laparoscopic treatment is a viable option for large renal stone treatment with an excellent stone-free rate, especially when patients require their stones to be treated within a single session. However, it is more invasive in nature than endourology procedures and so should be reserved as the last resort option for renal stone management in the modern endourology era. PMID:21789095

  5. Virtual reality training for surgical trainees in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Nagendran, Myura; Gurusamy, Kurinchi Selvan; Aggarwal, Rajesh; Loizidou, Marilena; Davidson, Brian R

    2013-08-27

    Standard surgical training has traditionally been one of apprenticeship, where the surgical trainee learns to perform surgery under the supervision of a trained surgeon. This is time-consuming, costly, and of variable effectiveness. Training using a virtual reality simulator is an option to supplement standard training. Virtual reality training improves the technical skills of surgical trainees such as decreased time for suturing and improved accuracy. The clinical impact of virtual reality training is not known. To assess the benefits (increased surgical proficiency and improved patient outcomes) and harms (potentially worse patient outcomes) of supplementary virtual reality training of surgical trainees with limited laparoscopic experience. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Science Citation Index Expanded until July 2012. We included all randomised clinical trials comparing virtual reality training versus other forms of training including box-trainer training, no training, or standard laparoscopic training in surgical trainees with little laparoscopic experience. We also planned to include trials comparing different methods of virtual reality training. We included only trials that assessed the outcomes in people undergoing laparoscopic surgery. Two authors independently identified trials and collected data. We analysed the data with both the fixed-effect and the random-effects models using Review Manager 5 analysis. For each outcome we calculated the mean difference (MD) or standardised mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals based on intention-to-treat analysis. We included eight trials covering 109 surgical trainees with limited laparoscopic experience. Of the eight trials, six compared virtual reality versus no supplementary training. One trial compared virtual reality training versus box-trainer training and versus no supplementary training, and one trial compared

  6. Laparoscopic robotic-assisted gastrointestinal surgery: the Geneva experience.

    PubMed

    Soravia, Claudio; Schwieger, Ian; Witzig, Jacques-Alain; Wassmer, Frank-Alain; Vedrenne, Thierry; Sutter, Pierre; Dufour, Jean-Philippe; Racloz, Yves

    2008-01-01

    The continuing development of robotic surgery supports its use in laparoscopic gastrointestinal surgery. Our study retrospectively reviewed the surgical outcome and patient's satisfaction of gastrointestinal laparoscopic robotic procedures. From January 2003 to September 2007, 94 patients (27 women, 67 men) with a mean age of 53 years (range 19-84 years) underwent laparoscopic surgery with a da Vinci robotic system. There were 40 colorectal cases (43%), 31 anti-reflux surgery cases (33%) and 14 obesity surgery cases (15%); the remaining cases consisted of gastric and gallbladder surgery, intra-abdominal tumour excisions, and hepatic cyst resections. The majority of the cases (88, 94%) were performed for benign disease. The mean operative time was 153 min (range 60-330 min). One patient needed a blood transfusion. The mean body mass index was 25 (range 16-47). No death occurred. Five cases (5.3%) were converted to conventional laparoscopic surgery (n = 3) or to laparotomy (n = 2). Morbidity consisted of one Nissen redo surgery to loosen a tight anti-reflux valve 6 days after robotic surgery, a robotic left ureter repair and pelvic haemorrhage following proctectomy requiring re-operation to control haemostasis and to remove pelvic haematoma. Mean follow-up time was 11 months (range 15 days to 34 months). One case of incisional trocar hernia needed re-operation. Overall patient's satisfaction was high: few scars were cheloïd, while functional surgical outcome was rated high by most of the patients. Our preliminary experience was encouraging, with minimal morbidity and very high acceptance by patients.

  7. Short-term costs of conventional vs laparoscopic assisted surgery in patients with colorectal cancer (MRC CLASICC trial)

    PubMed Central

    Franks, P J; Bosanquet, N; Thorpe, H; Brown, J M; Copeland, J; Smith, A M H; Quirke, P; Guillou, P J

    2006-01-01

    The short-term clinical results of the CLASICC trial indicated that clinical outcomes were similar between laparoscopic and open approaches. This study presents the short-term (3 month) cost analysis undertaken on a subset of patients entered into the CLASICC trial (682 of 794 patients). As expected the costs associated with the operation were higher in the 452 patients randomised to laparoscopic surgery (lap) compared with the 230 randomised to open procedure (open), £1703 vs £1386. This was partially offset by the other hospital (nontheatre) costs, which were lower in the lap group (£2930 vs £3176). The average cost to individuals for reoperations was higher in the lap group (£762 vs £553). Overall costs were slightly higher in the lap group (£6899 vs £6631), with mean difference of £268 (95%CI −689 to 1457). Sensitivity analysis made little difference to these results. The cost of rectal surgery was higher than for colon, for lap (£8259 vs £5586) and open procedures (£7820 vs £5503). The short-term cost analysis for the CLASICC trial indicates that the costs of either laparoscopic or open procedure were similar, lap surgery costing marginally more on average than open surgery. PMID:16755298

  8. Analgesic efficacy of ropivacaine wound infusion after laparoscopic colorectal surgery

    PubMed Central

    Oh, Bo Young; Park, Yoon Ah; Koo, Hye Young; Yun, Seong Hyeon; Kim, Hee Cheol; Lee, Woo Yong; Cho, Juhee; Sim, Woo Seog

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Local anesthetic wound infusion has been previously investigated in postoperative pain management. However, a limited number of studies have evaluated its use in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. This study aims to evaluate whether ropivacaine wound infusion is effective for postoperative pain management after laparoscopic surgery in patients with colorectal cancer. Methods This prospective study included 184 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer between July 2012 and June 2013. The patients were grouped as the combined group (intravenous patient-controlled analgesia [IV-PCA] plus continuous wound infusion with ropivacaine, n = 92) and the PCA group (IV-PCA only, n = 92). Efficacy and safety were assessed in terms of numeric rating scale (NRS) pain score, opioid consumption, postoperative recovery, and complications. Results The total quantity of PCA fentanyl was significantly less in the combined group than in the PCA group (P < 0.001). The NRS score of the combined group was not higher than in the PCA group, despite less opioid consumption. There were no differences between groups for postoperative recovery and most complications, including wound complications. However, the rate of nausea and vomiting was significantly lower in the combined group (P = 0.022). Conclusion Ropivacaine wound infusion significantly reduced postoperative opioid requirements and the rate of nausea/vomiting. This study showed clinical efficacy of ropivacaine wound infusion for postoperative pain control in colorectal cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. PMID:27757398

  9. Analgesic efficacy of ropivacaine wound infusion after laparoscopic colorectal surgery.

    PubMed

    Oh, Bo Young; Park, Yoon Ah; Koo, Hye Young; Yun, Seong Hyeon; Kim, Hee Cheol; Lee, Woo Yong; Cho, Juhee; Sim, Woo Seog; Cho, Yong Beom

    2016-10-01

    Local anesthetic wound infusion has been previously investigated in postoperative pain management. However, a limited number of studies have evaluated its use in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. This study aims to evaluate whether ropivacaine wound infusion is effective for postoperative pain management after laparoscopic surgery in patients with colorectal cancer. This prospective study included 184 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer between July 2012 and June 2013. The patients were grouped as the combined group (intravenous patient-controlled analgesia [IV-PCA] plus continuous wound infusion with ropivacaine, n = 92) and the PCA group (IV-PCA only, n = 92). Efficacy and safety were assessed in terms of numeric rating scale (NRS) pain score, opioid consumption, postoperative recovery, and complications. The total quantity of PCA fentanyl was significantly less in the combined group than in the PCA group (P < 0.001). The NRS score of the combined group was not higher than in the PCA group, despite less opioid consumption. There were no differences between groups for postoperative recovery and most complications, including wound complications. However, the rate of nausea and vomiting was significantly lower in the combined group (P = 0.022). Ropivacaine wound infusion significantly reduced postoperative opioid requirements and the rate of nausea/vomiting. This study showed clinical efficacy of ropivacaine wound infusion for postoperative pain control in colorectal cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery.

  10. Urological applications of single-site laparoscopic surgery

    PubMed Central

    Symes, Andrew; Rane, Abhay

    2011-01-01

    Single-port, single-incision laparoscopy is part of the natural development of minimally invasive surgery. Refinement and modification of laparoscopic instrumentation has resulted in a substantial increase in the use of laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) in urology over the past 2 years. Since the initial report of single-port nephrectomy in 2007, the majority of laparoscopic procedures in urology have been described with a single-site approach. This includes surgery on the adrenal, ureter, bladder, prostate, and testis, for both benign and malignant conditions. In this review, we describe the current clinical applications and results of LESS in Urological Surgery. To date this evidence comes from small case series in centres of excellence, with good results. Further well-designed prospective trials are awaited to validate these findings. PMID:21197251

  11. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery - current status and controversies

    PubMed Central

    Rao, Prashanth P; Rao, Pradeep P; Bhagwat, Sonali

    2011-01-01

    Scarless surgery is the Holy Grail of surgery and the very raison d’etre of Minimal Access Surgery was the reduction of scars and thereby pain and suffering of the patients. The work of Muhe and Mouret in the late 80s, paved the way for mainstream laparoscopic procedures and it rapidly became the method of choice for many intra-abdominal procedures. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery is a very exciting new modality in the field of minimal access surgery which works for further reducing the scars of standard laparoscopy and towards scarless surgery. Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) was developed for scarless surgery, but did not gain popularity due to a variety of reasons. NOTES stands for natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery, a term coined by a consortium in 2005. NOTES remains a research technique with only a few clinical cases having been reported. The lack of success of NOTES seems to have spurred on the interest in single-incision laparoscopy as an eminently doable technique in the present with minimum visible scarring, rendering a ‘scarless’ effect. Laparo-endoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) is, a term coined by a multidisciplinary consortium in 2008 for single-incision laparoscopic surgery. These are complementary technologies with similar difficulties of access, lack of triangulation and inadequate instrumentation as of date. LESS seems to offer an advantage to surgeons with its familiar field of view and instruments similar to those used in conventional laparoscopy. LESS remains a evolving special technique used successfully in many a centre, but with a significant way to go before it becomes mainstream. It currently stands between standard laparoscopy and NOTES in the armamentarium of minimal access surgery. This article outlines the development of LESS giving an overview of all the techniques and devices available and likely to be available in the future. PMID:21197236

  12. Understanding perceptual boundaries in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Lamata, Pablo; Gomez, Enrique J; Hernández, Félix Lamata; Oltra Pastor, Alfonso; Sanchez-Margallo, Francisco Miquel; Del Pozo Guerrero, Francisco

    2008-03-01

    Human perceptual capabilities related to the laparoscopic interaction paradigm are not well known. Its study is important for the design of virtual reality simulators, and for the specification of augmented reality applications that overcome current limitations and provide a supersensing to the surgeon. As part of this work, this article addresses the study of laparoscopic pulling forces. Two definitions are proposed to focalize the problem: the perceptual fidelity boundary, limit of human perceptual capabilities, and the Utile fidelity boundary, that encapsulates the perceived aspects actually used by surgeons to guide an operation. The study is then aimed to define the perceptual fidelity boundary of laparoscopic pulling forces. This is approached with an experimental design in which surgeons assess the resistance against pulling of four different tissues, which are characterized with both in vivo interaction forces and ex vivo tissue biomechanical properties. A logarithmic law of tissue consistency perception is found comparing subjective valorizations with objective parameters. A model of this perception is developed identifying what the main parameters are: the grade of fixation of the organ, the tissue stiffness, the amount of tissue bitten, and the organ mass being pulled. These results are a clear requirement analysis for the force feedback algorithm of a virtual reality laparoscopic simulator. Finally, some discussion is raised about the suitability of augmented reality applications around this surgical gesture.

  13. Laparoscopic renal surgery after spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage.

    PubMed

    Hernandez, Fernando; Ong, Albert M; Rha, Koon H; Pinto, Peter A; Kavoussi, Louis R

    2003-09-01

    We assessed the role of laparoscopic management in patients following spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage from a renal tumor. A retrospective chart review revealed 4 patients with spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage treated at our institution in the last 2 years. After conservative management elsewhere patients were referred for definitive therapy. Patient characteristics and tumor size were examined and correlated with ease of surgical dissection and surgical outcome. No patient had any history of trauma. Computerized tomography was used to identify the initial extent of hemorrhage in all patients. All patients underwent successful laparoscopic exploration without the need for open conversion. Three patients underwent radical nephrectomy and 1 underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Renal hemorrhage extending outside of the renal capsule was associated with significantly more adhesions than renal hemorrhage confined to the renal capsule. Mean patient age was 56 years (range 36 to 70). Mean retroperitoneal tumor size was 5.3 cm (range 2.5 to 10). Three renal hematomas were extracapsular and 1 was subcapsular. Mean operative time was 182.3 minutes (range 59 to 235). Average estimated blood loss was 800 cc (range 150 to 2,100). Nontraumatic retroperitoneal hemorrhage of renal origin may be managed using traditional laparoscopic techniques with results similar to those achieved with open renal exploration. These cases may prove technically challenging due to fibrosis and associated tissue plane loss.

  14. Interventional multi-spectral photoacoustic imaging in laparoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hill, Emma R.; Xia, Wenfeng; Nikitichev, Daniil I.; Gurusamy, Kurinchi; Beard, Paul C.; Hawkes, David J.; Davidson, Brian R.; Desjardins, Adrien E.

    2016-03-01

    Laparoscopic procedures can be an attractive treatment option for liver resection, with a shortened hospital stay and reduced morbidity compared to open surgery. One of the central challenges of this technique is visualisation of concealed structures within the liver, particularly the vasculature and tumourous tissue. As photoacoustic (PA) imaging can provide contrast for haemoglobin in real time, it may be well suited to guiding laparoscopic procedures in order to avoid inadvertent trauma to vascular structures. In this study, a clinical laparoscopic ultrasound probe was used to receive ultrasound for PA imaging and to obtain co-registered B-mode ultrasound (US) images. Pulsed excitation light was delivered to the tissue via a fibre bundle in dark-field mode. Monte Carlo simulations were performed to optimise the light delivery geometry for imaging targets at depths of 1 cm, 2 cm and 3 cm, and 3D-printed mounts were used to position the fibre bundle relative to the transducer according to the simulation results. The performance of the photoacoustic laparoscope system was evaluated with phantoms and tissue models. The clinical potential of hybrid PA/US imaging to improve the guidance of laparoscopic surgery is discussed.

  15. Management and outcome of rectal injury during gynecologic laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Jo, Eun Ju; Lee, Yoo-Young; Kim, Tae-Joong; Choi, Chel Hun; Lee, Jeong-Won; Bae, Duk-Soo; Kim, Byoung-Gie

    2013-01-01

    To assess the incidence and management of accidental rectal injury during gynecologic laparoscopic surgery. A retrospective study with review of outcomes (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). A tertiary care/research/university hospital. Patients with colon injury during laparoscopy for gynecologic diseases at Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea, from January 2000 to April 2012. Use of absorbable suture or staples in primary repair of injured colon. From January 2000 to April 2012, 12 354 patients underwent laparoscopic surgery. Rectal injury occurred in 15 women (0.12%). Their median age was 42.5 years (30-49), and the median length of injury was 3 cm (0.7-7). Among 13 patients with rectal injuries recognized during surgery, 10 patient injuries were repaired primarily with interrupted absorbable sutures without converting laparotomy, 1 patient underwent laparoscopic low anterior resection with Endo-GIA, 1 underwent open primary repair, and 1 underwent open low anterior resection. Two rectal injuries were detected after surgery. One of these patients underwent primary repair under laparotomy at day 4 after surgery. The other patient had development of a rectovaginal fistula requiring open segmental resection 30 days after primary laparoscopy despite conservative management, including percutaneous drainage and prophylactic antibiotics. Rectal injury during laparoscopy in the gynecologic field can be repaired successfully without the need for a colostomy regardless of mechanism of injury and the size of injury if adequate rectal tissue is available and recognized during surgery. Copyright © 2013 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Cooperative laparoscopic endoscopic and hybrid laparoscopic surgery for upper gastrointestinal tumors: Current status

    PubMed Central

    Ntourakis, Dimitrios; Mavrogenis, Georgios

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the cooperative laparoscopic and endoscopic techniques used for the resection of upper gastrointestinal tumors. METHODS: A systematic research of the literature was performed in PubMed for English and French language articles about laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative, combined, hybrid and rendezvous techniques. Only original studies using these techniques for the resection of early gastric cancer, benign tumors and gastrointestinal stromal tumors of the stomach and the duodenum were included. By excluding case series of less than 10 patients, 25 studies were identified. The study design, number of cases, tumor pathology size and location, the operative technique name, the endoscopy team and surgical team role, operative time, type of closure of visceral wall defect, blood loss, complications and length of hospital stay of these studies were evaluated. Additionally all cooperative techniques found were classified and are presented in a systematic approach. RESULTS: The studies identified were case series and retrospective cohort studies. A total of 706 patients were operated on with a cooperative technique. The tumors resected were only gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) in 4 studies, GIST and various benign submucosal tumors in 22 studies, early gastric cancer (pT1a and pT1b) in 6 studies and early duodenal cancer in 1 study. There was important heterogeneity between the studies. The operative techniques identified were: laparoscopic assisted endoscopic resection, endoscopic assisted wedge resection, endoscopic assisted transgastric and intragastric surgery, laparoscopic endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS), laparoscopic assisted endoscopic full thickness resection (LAEFR), clean non exposure technique and non-exposed endoscopic wall-inversion surgery (NEWS). Each technique is illustrated with the roles of the endoscopic and laparoscopic teams; the indications, characteristics and short term results are described. CONCLUSION: Along with

  17. Cooperative laparoscopic endoscopic and hybrid laparoscopic surgery for upper gastrointestinal tumors: Current status.

    PubMed

    Ntourakis, Dimitrios; Mavrogenis, Georgios

    2015-11-21

    To investigate the cooperative laparoscopic and endoscopic techniques used for the resection of upper gastrointestinal tumors. A systematic research of the literature was performed in PubMed for English and French language articles about laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative, combined, hybrid and rendezvous techniques. Only original studies using these techniques for the resection of early gastric cancer, benign tumors and gastrointestinal stromal tumors of the stomach and the duodenum were included. By excluding case series of less than 10 patients, 25 studies were identified. The study design, number of cases, tumor pathology size and location, the operative technique name, the endoscopy team and surgical team role, operative time, type of closure of visceral wall defect, blood loss, complications and length of hospital stay of these studies were evaluated. Additionally all cooperative techniques found were classified and are presented in a systematic approach. The studies identified were case series and retrospective cohort studies. A total of 706 patients were operated on with a cooperative technique. The tumors resected were only gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) in 4 studies, GIST and various benign submucosal tumors in 22 studies, early gastric cancer (pT1a and pT1b) in 6 studies and early duodenal cancer in 1 study. There was important heterogeneity between the studies. The operative techniques identified were: laparoscopic assisted endoscopic resection, endoscopic assisted wedge resection, endoscopic assisted transgastric and intragastric surgery, laparoscopic endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS), laparoscopic assisted endoscopic full thickness resection (LAEFR), clean non exposure technique and non-exposed endoscopic wall-inversion surgery (NEWS). Each technique is illustrated with the roles of the endoscopic and laparoscopic teams; the indications, characteristics and short term results are described. Along with the traditional cooperative

  18. Individualized image display improves performance in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Thakkar, Rajan K; Steigman, Shaun A; Aidlen, Jeremy T; Luks, François I

    2012-12-01

    Laparoscopic surgery has made great advances over the years, but it is still dependent on a single viewpoint. This single-lens system impedes multitasking and may provide suboptimal views of the operative field. We have previously developed a prototype of interactive laparoscopic image display to enable individualized manipulation of the displayed image by each member of the operating team. The current study examines whether the concept of individualized image display improves performance during laparoscopic surgery. Individualized display of the endoscopic image was implemented in vitro using two cameras, independently manipulated by each operator, in a Fundamental of Laparoscopic Surgery (Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons) endotrainer model. The standardized bead transfer and endoloop tasks were adapted to a two-operator exercise. Each team of two was paired by experience level (novice or expert) and was timed twice: once while using a single camera (control) and once using two cameras (individualized image). In total, 20 medical students, residents, and attending surgeons were paired in various combinations. Bead transfer times for the individualized image experiment were significantly shorter in the expert group (61.8 ± 14.8% of control, P=.002). Endoloop task performance time was significantly decreased in both novices (80.3 ± 44.4%, P=.04) and experts (69.5 ± 12.9%, P=.001) using the two-camera set-up. Many advances in laparoscopic image display have led to an incremental improvement in performance. They have been most beneficial to novices, as experts have learned to overcome the shortcomings of laparoscopy. Using a validated tool of laparoscopic training, we have shown that efficiency is improved with the use of an individualized image display and that this effect is more pronounced in experts. The concept of individual image manipulation and display will be further developed into a hands-free, intuitive system and must be

  19. Single-Site Laparoscopic Surgery for Inflammatory Bowel Disease

    PubMed Central

    Bedros, Nicole; Hakiman, Hekmat; Araghizadeh, Farshid Y.

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Single-site laparoscopic colorectal surgery has been firmly established; however, few reports addressing this technique in the inflammatory bowel disease population exist. Methods: We conducted a case-matched retrospective review of 20 patients who underwent single-site laparoscopic procedures for inflammatory bowel disease compared with 20 matched patients undergoing multiport laparoscopic procedures. Data regarding these patients were tabulated in the following categories: demographic characteristics, operative parameters, and perioperative outcomes. Results: A wide range of cases were completed: 9 ileocolic resections, 7 cases of proctocolectomy with end ileostomy or ileal pouch anal anastomosis, 2 cases of proctectomy with ileal pouch anal anastomosis, and 2 total abdominal colectomies with end ileostomy were all matched to equivalent multiport laparoscopic cases. No single-incision cases were converted to multiport laparoscopy, and 2 single-incision cases (10%) were converted to an open approach. For single-incision cases, the mean length of stay was 7.7 days, the mean time to oral intake was 3.3 days, and the mean period of intravenous analgesic use was 5.0 days. There were no statistically significant differences between single-site and multiport cases. Conclusions: Single-site laparoscopic surgery is technically feasible in inflammatory bowel disease. The length of stay and period of intravenous analgesic use (in days) appear to be higher than those in comparable series examining outcomes of single-site laparoscopic colorectal surgery, and the outcomes are comparable with those of multiport laparoscopy. This may be because of the nature of inflammatory bowel disease, limiting the benefits of a single-site approach in this population. PMID:24960490

  20. Postoperative Ascites of Unknown Origin following Laparoscopic Appendicectomy: An Unusual Complication of Laparoscopic Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Feretis, M.; Boyd-Carson, H.; Karim, A.

    2014-01-01

    Postoperative ascites is a very rare complication of laparoscopic surgery. Significant iatrogenic injuries to the bowel, the urinary tract, and the lymphatic system should be excluded promptly to avoid devastating results for the patient. In some cases, in spite of investigating patients extensively, no definitive causative factor for the accumulation of fluid can be identified. In such cases, idiopathic allergic or inflammatory reaction of the peritoneum may be responsible for the development of ascites. We present a case of ascites of an unknown origin in a young female patient following a laparoscopic appendicectomy. PMID:24822146

  1. Simulated hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS) in microgravity.

    PubMed

    Broderick, Timothy J; Privitera, Mary Beth; Parazynski, Scott E; Cuttino, Marsh

    2005-04-01

    Previous simulation and porcine experiments aboard the reduced gravity program KC-135 turbojet have demonstrated that microgravity surgery is feasible. Ideally, surgical care in spaceflight will incorporate recent advances in care while remaining easy enough for a crew medical officer (CMO) lacking surgical proficiency or extensive surgical experience to perform. As a minimally invasive surgical technique, hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS) benefits the patient via smaller incisions, less pain, and faster recovery than traditional open surgery. HALS also helps less experienced laparoscopic surgeons perform laparoscopic surgery. An inexpensive inanimate surgical simulator was constructed to evaluate the usefulness of HALS in microgravity. This simulator was utilized during brief periods of microgravity provided by parabolic flight on the KC-135. The simulator was successfully used by both a physician-astronaut and an experienced laparoscopic surgeon. Task completion included simulated surgery with exploration of the intestines and ligation of the appendix. Simulated HALS was successfully performed in microgravity. HALS effectively contained operative equipment and small amounts of introduced fluids within the simulated abdominal cavity. Astronaut and surgeon experience suggest that HALS could facilitate minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in microgravity. HALS holds promise as a surgical approach in microgravity, particularly as space travel extends beyond low earth orbit. HALS provides the benefits of MIS, facilitates MIS surgery by less surgically proficient or experienced CMOs, and contains equipment and fluid within the operative field. Simulation provides an easy, cost-effective platform to evaluate medical technology for space flight as well as a method to train CMOs on-orbit.

  2. Ovarian Vein Thrombosis as a Complication of Laparoscopic Surgery.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Anu; Gupta, Natasha; Blankstein, Josef; Trester, Richard

    2015-01-01

    Ovarian vein thrombosis (OVT) is an extremely rare but life-threatening complication of the postpartum period. It has never been reported as a complication of laparoscopic surgery. We report a case of right ovarian vein thrombosis that occurred in the postoperative period after patient underwent laparoscopic salpingectomy for a right side ectopic pregnancy. She presented with 1-week history of abdominal pain and fever. A complete workup for fever was performed and was found negative. Computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis revealed right ovarian vein thrombosis. The patient was treated with anticoagulant therapy and responded well.

  3. Ovarian Vein Thrombosis as a Complication of Laparoscopic Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Anu; Gupta, Natasha; Blankstein, Josef; Trester, Richard

    2015-01-01

    Ovarian vein thrombosis (OVT) is an extremely rare but life-threatening complication of the postpartum period. It has never been reported as a complication of laparoscopic surgery. We report a case of right ovarian vein thrombosis that occurred in the postoperative period after patient underwent laparoscopic salpingectomy for a right side ectopic pregnancy. She presented with 1-week history of abdominal pain and fever. A complete workup for fever was performed and was found negative. Computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis revealed right ovarian vein thrombosis. The patient was treated with anticoagulant therapy and responded well. PMID:26788386

  4. [Laparoscopic adrenalectomy in surgery of the adrenal gland diseases].

    PubMed

    Nichitaĭlo, M E; Litvinenko, A N; Gul'ko, O N; Kvacheniuk, A N; Lukecha, I I

    2013-02-01

    In 2002-2012 yrs in The Department of Laparoscopic Surgery and Choledocholithiasis laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) for various adrenal gland diseases was done in 94 patients. The operation time while doing right-sided and left-sided LA have had constituted, accordingly, at average (73.6 +/- 12.1) and (121.6 +/- 11.9) min, intraoperative blood loss - (49.3 +/- 9.2) ml. Hemotransfusion was not applied. There was no need for conversion. In 1 (1,1%) patient hemoperitoneum have had occurred as a consequence of traumatic injury of spleen while performing left-sided LA. Nonspeciphic postoperative complications were absent.

  5. Advanced training in laparoscopic abdominal surgery: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Beyer-Berjot, Laura; Palter, Vanessa; Grantcharov, Teodor; Aggarwal, Rajesh

    2014-09-01

    Simulation has spread widely this last decade, especially in laparoscopic surgery, and training out of the operating room has proven its positive impact on basic skills during real laparoscopic procedures. Few articles dealing with advanced training in laparoscopic abdominal surgery, however, have been published. Such training may decrease learning curves in the operating room for junior surgeons with limited access to complex laparoscopic procedures as a primary operator. Two reviewers, using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library conducted a systematic research with combinations of the following keywords: (teaching OR education OR computer simulation) AND laparoscopy AND (gastric OR stomach OR colorectal OR colon OR rectum OR small bowel OR liver OR spleen OR pancreas OR advanced surgery OR advanced procedure OR complex procedure). Additional studies were searched in the reference lists of all included articles. Fifty-four original studies were retrieved. Their level of evidence was low: most of the studies were case series and one fifth were purely descriptive, but there were eight randomized trials. Pig models and video trainers as well as gastric and colorectal procedures were mainly assessed. The retrieved studies showed some encouraging trends in terms of trainee satisfaction with improvement after training, but the improvements were mainly on the training tool itself. Some tools have been proven to be construct-valid. Higher-quality studies are required to appraise educational value in this field. Copyright © 2014 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Advanced Training in Laparoscopic Abdominal Surgery (Atlas): A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Beyer-Berjot, Laura; Palter, Vanessa; Grantcharov, Teodor; Aggarwal, Rajesh

    2014-01-01

    Background Simulation has widely spread this last decade, especially in laparoscopic surgery, and training out of the operating room (OR) has proven its positive impact on basic skills during real laparoscopic procedures. However, few articles dealing with advanced training in laparoscopic abdominal surgery (ATLAS) have been published so far. Such training may reduce learning curves in the OR for junior surgeons with limited access to complex laparoscopic procedures as a primary operator. Methods Two reviewers, using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library, conducted a systematic research with combinations of the following keywords: (teaching OR education OR computer simulation) AND laparoscopy AND (gastric OR stomach OR colorectal OR colon OR rectum OR small bowel OR liver OR spleen OR pancreas OR advanced surgery OR advanced procedure OR complex procedure). Additional studies were searched in the reference lists of all included articles. Results Fifty-four original studies were retrieved. Their level of evidence was low: most of the studies were case series, one fifth purely descriptive, and there were 8 randomized trials. Porcine models and video trainers, as well as gastric and colorectal procedures were mainly assessed. The retrieved studies showed some encouraging trends in terms of trainees' satisfaction, improvement after training (but mainly on the training tool itself). Some tools have been proven to be construct-valid. Conclusions Higher quality studies are required to appraise ATLAS educational value. PMID:24947643

  7. Tonatiuh II: assisting manipulator for laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Martínez, Arturo Minor; Flores, Ricardo Ordórica; Vera, Mauricio Galán; Salazar, Raúl Cruz; Luis, Mosso Jose; Daniel, Lorias

    2007-01-01

    In this article we show the design of the Tonatiuh II robotic manipulator. This robotic assistant has an original electromechanical configuration and respects the laparoscope center of insertion as an invariant point for navigation in the work space. The manipulator went through several stages before reaching its final version. Surgical trials have shown the robot to be useful in the operating room and as a training assistant in specialty microsurgery.

  8. Laparoscopic Surgery in the University Hospital in Monterrey, Mexico

    PubMed

    Garza-Leal; Oscar; Iglesias

    1996-08-01

    From October 1992 to February 1996, 1506 gynecologic surgeries were performed in our hospital. Of these, 270 (17.9%) were done by laparoscopy: 204 (75.5%) operative and 66 (24.5%) diagnostic. The procedures were 59 (28.9%) hysterectomies, 15 (25.4%) of them radical hysterectomies, 6 laparoscopic-assisted stagings for endometrial cancer, and 38 laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomies. Fifty-eight (28.4%) surgeries were performed for adnexal masses and 16 (7.8%) for ectopic pregnancies. We also did 7 (3.4%) Burch procedures, 5 (2.4%) ligamentopexies, and 65 other surgeries including coagulation of endometriosis, adhesiolysis, uterosacral nerve ablations, and tubal ligations. The six complications (2.22%) were two patients with fever, one infection in the vaginal cuff, one vaginal hematoma, one ureteral injury during radical hysterectomy, and one bladder injury during a Burch procedure. We believe operative laparoscopy should be part of the training of every gynecologist.

  9. Need for simulation in laparoscopic colorectal surgery training

    PubMed Central

    Celentano, Valerio

    2015-01-01

    The dissemination of laparoscopic colorectal surgery (LCS) has been slow despite increasing evidence for the clinical benefits, with a prolonged learning curve being one of the main restrictions for a prompt uptake. Performing advanced laparoscopic procedures requires dedicated surgical skills and new simulation methods designed precisely for LCS have been established: These include virtual reality simulators, box trainers, animal and human tissue and synthetic materials. Studies have even demonstrated an improvement in trainees’ laparoscopic skills in the actual operating room and a staged approach to surgical simulation with a combination of various training methods should be mandatory in every colorectal training program. The learning curve for LCS could be reduced through practice and skills development in a riskfree setting. PMID:26425266

  10. Safe laparoscopic surgery: tubal ligation without prior pneumoperitoneum.

    PubMed

    Biojó, R G; Manzi, G B

    1995-04-01

    Twelve years of experience with tubal ligation by the laparoscopic route at two highly specialized centers of female sterilization are discussed; special attention is given to the technique and results achieved. The number of intraoperative and postoperative complications was very low compared with data reported elsewhere. This article attempts to present the knowledge gained by using the laparoscopic technique, at a time when the use of laparoscopic surgery is extending around the world. The direct insertion of trocars without prior pneumoperitoneum has proved to be safe, and the risks of intraabdominal (visceral or vascular) injuries are minimized by observing simple rules, such as clamping of the relaxed abdominal anterior wall with towel clips, maintaining sharpened trocars, and using the extended index finger as a limit to introduce only the tip of the trocars. We consider a medical history of previous laparotomy secondary to peritonitis and open abdominal treatment absolute contraindications for this technique.

  11. [Benefits and risks of urologic laparoscopic surgery in adult patients].

    PubMed

    Safarík, L; Novák, K; Závada, J; Bízová, S; Stolz, J; Sedlácek, J; Dvorácek, J; Vraný, M

    2003-12-01

    The paper describes the advantages and disadvantages of the laparoscopic operations, the number of which steadily rises in urology. The laparoscopic surgery is considered to be a benefit regarding the short postoperative hospital stay, painless postoperative course, and virtually non-existing postoperative paralytic ileus. As disadvantage are deemed the long learning curve for the operating personal, and high economical costs, which could be cut down only if short off-work period in productive population is included. In the paper, the pathophysiological guidelines are outlined and emphasized during the laparoscopic operation, which the surgical and anesthesiological teams have to have in mind. On the own cohort of patients, the numbers and types of operations are described, which have been done at our department.

  12. Laparoscopic colorectal surgery for colorectal polyps: single institution experience

    PubMed Central

    Samalavicius, Narimantas Evaldas; Gupta, Rakesh Kumar; Zabulis, Vaidotas

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Because of their difficult location or size, some polyps are impossible to remove with a flexible colonoscope and must be surgically removed. Laparoscopy is a great alternative. Aim To assess outcomes of a laparoscopic approach for the management of difficult colorectal polyps. Material and methods From 2006 to 2014, patients with polyps that could not be treated by endoscopy were included. Demographic data, histology of the biopsy, type of surgery, length of postoperative stay, complications and final pathology were reviewed prospectively. Results Forty-two patients with a mean age of 64.9 ±8.4 underwent laparoscopic polypectomy. Laparoscopic mobilization of the colonic segment and colotomy with removal of the polyp was performed for 12 (28.6%) polyps. Laparoscopic segmental bowel resection was performed in 30 (71.4%) cases: anterior rectal resection with partial total mesorectal excision in 12 (28.6%), left hemicolectomy in 7 (16.6%), sigmoid resection in 6 (14.3%), ileocecal resection in 2 (4.76%), resection of transverse colon in 2 (4.76%) and sigmoid resection with transanal retrieval of specimen in 1 (2.38%). Mean postoperative hospital stay was 5.9 ±2.6 days. There were 4 complications (9.5%). All patients recovered after conservative treatment. Mean polyp size was 3.6 ±2.2 cm. Final pathology revealed polyps (n = 2), tubular adenoma (n = 6), tubulovillous adenoma (n = 20), carcinoma in situ (n = 10) and invasive cancer (n = 4). Two of these patients underwent laparoscopic left hemicolectomies 14 and 10 days after laparoscopic colotomy and polypectomy. Conclusions For the management of endoscopically unresectable polyps, laparoscopic polypectomy is currently the technique of choice. PMID:25960797

  13. Laparoscopic colorectal surgery for colorectal polyps: single institution experience.

    PubMed

    Dulskas, Audrius; Samalavicius, Narimantas Evaldas; Gupta, Rakesh Kumar; Zabulis, Vaidotas

    2015-04-01

    Because of their difficult location or size, some polyps are impossible to remove with a flexible colonoscope and must be surgically removed. Laparoscopy is a great alternative. To assess outcomes of a laparoscopic approach for the management of difficult colorectal polyps. From 2006 to 2014, patients with polyps that could not be treated by endoscopy were included. Demographic data, histology of the biopsy, type of surgery, length of postoperative stay, complications and final pathology were reviewed prospectively. Forty-two patients with a mean age of 64.9 ±8.4 underwent laparoscopic polypectomy. Laparoscopic mobilization of the colonic segment and colotomy with removal of the polyp was performed for 12 (28.6%) polyps. Laparoscopic segmental bowel resection was performed in 30 (71.4%) cases: anterior rectal resection with partial total mesorectal excision in 12 (28.6%), left hemicolectomy in 7 (16.6%), sigmoid resection in 6 (14.3%), ileocecal resection in 2 (4.76%), resection of transverse colon in 2 (4.76%) and sigmoid resection with transanal retrieval of specimen in 1 (2.38%). Mean postoperative hospital stay was 5.9 ±2.6 days. There were 4 complications (9.5%). All patients recovered after conservative treatment. Mean polyp size was 3.6 ±2.2 cm. Final pathology revealed polyps (n = 2), tubular adenoma (n = 6), tubulovillous adenoma (n = 20), carcinoma in situ (n = 10) and invasive cancer (n = 4). Two of these patients underwent laparoscopic left hemicolectomies 14 and 10 days after laparoscopic colotomy and polypectomy. For the management of endoscopically unresectable polyps, laparoscopic polypectomy is currently the technique of choice.

  14. Laparoscopic colorectal surgery for colorectal polyps: experience of ten years

    PubMed Central

    Dulskas, Audrius; Kuliešius, Žygimantas; E. Samalavičius, Narimantas

    2017-01-01

    Background. Laparoscopy or its combination with endoscopy is the next step for “difficult” polyps. The purpose of the paper was to review the outcomes of the laparoscopic approach to the management of “difficult” colorectal polyps. Materials and methods. From 2006 to 2016, 58 patients who underwent laparoscopic treatment for “difficult” polyps that could not be treated by endoscopy at the National Cancer Institute, Lithuania, were included. The demographic data, the type of surgery, length of post-operative stay, complications, and final pathology were reviewed prospectively. Results. The mean patient was 65.9 ± 8.9 years of age. Laparoscopic mobilization of the colonic segment and colotomy with removal of the polyp was performed in 15 (25.9%) patients, laparoscopic segmental bowel resection in 41 (70.7%) cases: anterior rectal resection with partial total mesorectal excision in 18 (31.0%), sigmoid resection in nine (15.5%), left hemicolectomy in seven (12.1%), right hemicolectomies in two (3.4%), ileocecal resection in two (3.4%), resection of transverse colon in two (3.4%), and sigmoid resection with transanal retrieval of specimen in one (1.7%). Two patients (3.4%) underwent laparoscopic-assisted endoscopic polypectomy. The mean post-operative hospital stay was 5.7 ± 2.4 days. There were four complications (6.9%). All patients recovered after conservative treatment. The mean polyp size was 3.5 ± 1.9 cm. Final histopathology revealed hyperplastic polyps (n = 2), tubular adenoma (n = 9), tubulovillous adenoma (n = 31), carcinoma in situ (n = 12), and invasive cancer (n = 4). Conclusions. For the management of endoscopically unresectable polyps, laparoscopic surgery is currently the technique of choice. PMID:28630589

  15. Laparoscopic colorectal surgery for colorectal polyps: experience of ten years.

    PubMed

    Dulskas, Audrius; Kuliešius, Žygimantas; E Samalavičius, Narimantas

    2017-01-01

    Background. Laparoscopy or its combination with endoscopy is the next step for "difficult" polyps. The purpose of the paper was to review the outcomes of the laparoscopic approach to the management of "difficult" colorectal polyps. Materials and methods. From 2006 to 2016, 58 patients who underwent laparoscopic treatment for "difficult" polyps that could not be treated by endoscopy at the National Cancer Institute, Lithuania, were included. The demographic data, the type of surgery, length of post-operative stay, complications, and final pathology were reviewed prospectively. Results. The mean patient was 65.9 ± 8.9 years of age. Laparoscopic mobilization of the colonic segment and colotomy with removal of the polyp was performed in 15 (25.9%) patients, laparoscopic segmental bowel resection in 41 (70.7%) cases: anterior rectal resection with partial total mesorectal excision in 18 (31.0%), sigmoid resection in nine (15.5%), left hemicolectomy in seven (12.1%), right hemicolectomies in two (3.4%), ileocecal resection in two (3.4%), resection of transverse colon in two (3.4%), and sigmoid resection with transanal retrieval of specimen in one (1.7%). Two patients (3.4%) underwent laparoscopic-assisted endoscopic polypectomy. The mean post-operative hospital stay was 5.7 ± 2.4 days. There were four complications (6.9%). All patients recovered after conservative treatment. The mean polyp size was 3.5 ± 1.9 cm. Final histopathology revealed hyperplastic polyps (n = 2), tubular adenoma (n = 9), tubulovillous adenoma (n = 31), carcinoma in situ (n = 12), and invasive cancer (n = 4). Conclusions. For the management of endoscopically unresectable polyps, laparoscopic surgery is currently the technique of choice.

  16. [Practical skills of harmonic scalpel in laparoscopic gastrointestinal surgery].

    PubMed

    Li, Guo-xin

    2013-10-01

    Harmonic scalpel, one of the most commonly used energy tools, have been recognized as an important revolutionary development in surgical device. Due to its convenience in cutting, coagulating, and dissecting harmonic scalpel has been increasingly used to performed surgery by more and more surgeons. In gastrointestinal surgeries, however, many manipulationssuch as dissecting soft connective tissues off the stomach or colon, isolating and cutting particular vessels, would require proper techniques in handling harmonic scalpels. Thus, based on our experiences of using harmonic scalpel in laparoscopic gastrointestinal surgeries, we summarized a "nine-word tactics", which may be helpful for beginners to use harmonic scalpels in a proper and efficient manner.

  17. [Safety and economics of fondaparinux administration in the laparoscopic surgery].

    PubMed

    Fujita, Naoko; Shimizu, Tomoaki; Kita, Takashi; Sasaki, Shigeta

    2011-10-01

    The factor Xa inhibitor, fondaparinux was used for prevention of venous thromboembolism in the clinical setting. We evaluated the antithrombotic effect, complications and economic aspects of this agent in the patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. Forty one patients scheduled for laparoscopic abdominal surgery were divided into two groups. In group F (N = 33), patients received once-daily subcutaneous injection of fondaparinux (2.5 mg x day(-1)) for 4 postoperative days. In group E (N = 8), patients did not receive therapy. In group F, general anesthesia with transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block was administered during surgery, and general anesthesia with epidural anesthesia was performed in group E. We evaluated incidence of DVT (deep vein thrombosis), abnormal bleeding, other postoperative complications, and economic benefit to the hospital. In both groups, no patient developed DVT Abnormal bleeding was observed in 7 patients of group E. Postoperative complications and pain were not different between the two groups. The revenue in group F was 34,434 yen/patient lower than that of group E due to Japanease insulance system. No patients developed DVT and severe complications of fondaparinux after laparoscopic abdominal cancer surgery. However, revenue to the hospital decreased 34,434 yen/patient by use of analgestic method. We must consider cost-benefit in use of fondaparinux.

  18. Laparoscopic surgery of esophageal hiatus hernia – single center experience

    PubMed Central

    Piątkowski, Jacek; Jackowski, Marek

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Esophageal hiatal hernias are the most frequent types of internal hernias. This condition involves disturbance of normal functioning of the stomach cardiac mechanism and reflux of the gastric contents to the esophagus. Aim: To evaluate postoperative results in our Clinic and the comparison of these results to data from the literature. Material and methods One hundred and seventy-eight patients underwent surgery due to esophageal hiatal hernia at the Clinic of General, Gastroenterological and Oncological Surgery, Collegium Medicum, Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, Poland, from 2006 to 2011. All operations were performed using laparoscopy. Fundoplication by means of the Nissen-Rossetti method was carried out in 172 patients while Toupet's and Dor's methods were applied in 4 and 2 patients, respectively. Results Average time of the surgery was 82 min (55–140 min). Conversion was performed in 4 cases. No serious intraoperative complications were noted. In the postoperative period, dysphagia was reported in 20 patients (11.2%). Postoperative wound infection was observed in 1 patient (0.56%). Hernias in the trocar insertion area were reported in 3 patients (1.68%). Ailments recurred in 6 patients. The recurrence of esophageal hiatal hernia was confirmed in 2 patients. Patients with recurrent hernia were re-operated using a laparoscopic approach. Conclusions Laparoscopic surgery is a simple and effective approach for patients with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms due to diaphragmatic esophageal hiatus hernia. The number of complications is lower after laparoscopic procedures than after “open” operations. PMID:24729804

  19. Cost analysis of robotic versus laparoscopic general surgery procedures.

    PubMed

    Higgins, Rana M; Frelich, Matthew J; Bosler, Matthew E; Gould, Jon C

    2017-01-01

    Robotic surgical systems have been used at a rapidly increasing rate in general surgery. Many of these procedures have been performed laparoscopically for years. In a surgical encounter, a significant portion of the total costs is associated with consumable supplies. Our hospital system has invested in a software program that can track the costs of consumable surgical supplies. We sought to determine the differences in cost of consumables with elective laparoscopic and robotic procedures for our health care organization. De-identified procedural cost and equipment utilization data were collected from the Surgical Profitability Compass Procedure Cost Manager System (The Advisory Board Company, Washington, DC) for our health care system for laparoscopic and robotic cholecystectomy, fundoplication, and inguinal hernia between the years 2013 and 2015. Outcomes were length of stay, case duration, and supply cost. Statistical analysis was performed using a t-test for continuous variables, and statistical significance was defined as p < 0.05. The total cost of consumable surgical supplies was significantly greater for all robotic procedures. Length of stay did not differ for fundoplication or cholecystectomy. Length of stay was greater for robotic inguinal hernia repair. Case duration was similar for cholecystectomy (84.3 robotic and 75.5 min laparoscopic, p = 0.08), but significantly longer for robotic fundoplication (197.2 robotic and 162.1 min laparoscopic, p = 0.01) and inguinal hernia repair (124.0 robotic and 84.4 min laparoscopic, p = ≪0.01). We found a significantly increased cost of general surgery procedures for our health care system when cases commonly performed laparoscopically are instead performed robotically. Our analysis is limited by the fact that we only included costs associated with consumable surgical supplies. The initial acquisition cost (over $1 million for robotic surgical system), depreciation, and service contract for the robotic

  20. Laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of nonruptured tubal pregnancy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mutrynowski, Andrzej; Zabielska, Renata

    1996-03-01

    Introduction of the endoscopic techniques into gynecology enabled a change in the procedures in the case of ectopic pregnancy. This paper aims at presenting 76 cases of non-ruptured tubal pregnancies treated conservatively by the laparoscopic surgery with the application of the electrocoagulation or the Nd:YAG laser. The investigated group consisted of 76 patients. Forty-one (54%) of them were operated on using electrocoagulation and 35 (46%) using the Nd:YAG laser. Sixty-three pregnancies (83%) were localized in the ampulla. The ectopic pregnancy was confirmed histopathologically in 74 cases (97%). There were no complications noticed in the postoperative course. There were no differences in the efficacy and the postoperative general condition in cases treated conservatively by the laparoscopic surgery with the application of the electrocoagulation or the laser.

  1. A Novel Successive Suturing Device for Laparoscopic Surgery.

    PubMed

    Cho, Chang Nho; Cho, Sung Ho; Cho, Seong Yeon; Kim, Kwang Gi; Park, Sang Jae

    2016-08-01

    Suturing is one of the more tiresome and difficult tasks during laparoscopic surgeries. To cope with this problem, we aimed to develop a novel successive suturing device. A novel needle holding and locking mechanism is proposed to transfer the needle between the upper and bottom jaws. The device is straightforward to use with intuitive 2-trigger control, and it can perform successive suturing without the need of reload between stiches. Also, it is compact enough to be inserted through a 12-mm trocar. The feasibility of the device is verified through in vitro and in vivo experiments. It was found that the developed device was able to successfully close the wounds without any leakage. The developed successive suturing device offers an easy way of performing suture, and it will greatly help surgeons during laparoscopic surgeries. © The Author(s) 2016.

  2. Single-Incision Laparoscopic Colon and Rectal Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Keller, Deborah S.; Haas, Eric M.

    2015-01-01

    Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) was introduced to further the enhanced outcomes of multiport laparoscopy. Multiple studies have demonstrated the safety and feasibility of SILS for both benign and malignant colorectal disease. SILS provides the potential for improved cosmesis, postoperative outcomes, and patient quality of life. However, widespread use has been limited by technical demands and lack of an evidence and competency-based curriculum. PMID:26491404

  3. What is the role of laparoscopic surgery in intussusception?

    PubMed

    Houben, Christoph Heinrich; Feng, Xiang-Nan; Tang, Sheung-Ho; Chan, Edwin Kin Wai; Lee, Kim Hung

    2016-06-01

    Assessing the role of laparoscopy in the management of intussusception. A retrospective review of children aged up to 17 years who had surgery for intussusception at this institution between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2013. The cohort of 44 individuals (18 females) presented at a median age of 9 months (range 2.5 months-15.75 years) with intussusception; 36 patients had undergone a failed pneumatic reduction. Thirty-seven patients had an initial laparoscopic approach. Conversion was required in 13 individuals: inability to reduce a 'tight' intussusception in seven individuals, limited working space in four individuals, and inadequate tactile response in two individuals. Twenty-four patients (54%) had the laparoscopic approach completed. An open approach was chosen for seven individuals at a median age of 5 (range 4-11) months: three individuals had marked abdominal distension, two individuals had a pneumoperitoneum and two individuals presented with a large central mass. Together with the 13 conversions, a total of 20 patients (46%) underwent an open approach. The more distal the apex of the intussusception, the more likely open surgery was. Hospital stays for the subgroup of patients with successfully completed laparoscopic intervention (n = 24) were shorter than for the open surgery group (n = 20) with P = 0.0145, but the open procedure was used to manage the more challenging cases. The subgroup of seven infants undergoing direct open surgery were significantly younger than the remaining individuals (P = 0.0046). Laparoscopic intervention is meaningful in approximately 50% of children requiring a surgical reduction. © 2015 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.

  4. Recurrence factors in women underwent laparoscopic surgery for endometrioma.

    PubMed

    Guzel, A I; Topcu, H O; Ekilinc, S; Tokmak, A; Kokanali, M K; Cavkaytar, S; Doğanay, M

    2014-10-01

    The aim of this paper was to assess the risk factors for endometrioma recurrence in women underwent laparoscopic surgery for endometrioma. This retrospective designed study included 113 cases that underwent laparoscopic surgery for endometrioma; of these women, recurrent endometrioma was detected in 33 (29.20%) subjects and other showed no recurrence (70.80%). Age, gravidity, parity, diameter of the mass, bilaterality, previous pelvic surgery, operation type, presence of adhesions, Ca 125 levels and recurrence time was obtained from hospital records and special gynecology forms. Demographic and obstetric past history of the cases showed no statistically significant difference between the groups (P>0.05). Higher diameter of the mass, previous pelvic surgery, operation type, presence of adhesion and higher Ca 125 levels were risk factors for endometrioma recurrence (P<0.05). Receiver operator curve (ROC) analysis demonstrated that diameter of the mass, previous pelvic surgery and Ca 125 levels may be discriminative risk factors for endometrioma recurrence. Endometriomas ≥ 4.5 cm, especially in cases with pelvic adhesions, previous pelvic surgery and higher Ca 125 levels should be excised totally.

  5. Prototype of a single probe Compton camera for laparoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koyama, A.; Nakamura, Y.; Shimazoe, K.; Takahashi, H.; Sakuma, I.

    2017-02-01

    Image-guided surgery (IGS) is performed using a real-time surgery navigation system with three-dimensional (3D) position tracking of surgical tools. IGS is fast becoming an important technology for high-precision laparoscopic surgeries, in which the field of view is limited. In particular, recent developments in intraoperative imaging using radioactive biomarkers may enable advanced IGS for supporting malignant tumor removal surgery. In this light, we develop a novel intraoperative probe with a Compton camera and a position tracking system for performing real-time radiation-guided surgery. A prototype probe consisting of Ce :Gd3 Al2 Ga3 O12 (GAGG) crystals and silicon photomultipliers was fabricated, and its reconstruction algorithm was optimized to enable real-time position tracking. The results demonstrated the visualization capability of the radiation source with ARM = ∼ 22.1 ° and the effectiveness of the proposed system.

  6. [Laparoscopic single port surgery : Is structured training necessary?].

    PubMed

    Krajinovic, K; Germer, C T

    2011-05-01

    As essentially all operations performed with open laparotomy can be completed with minimal access, surgeons and industry continue to push the boundaries of minimally invasive surgery. New and controversial approaches, such as natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) and single incision or single port surgery are being explored with the goal of reduced surgical morbidity. The fundamental idea of single port surgery is therefore to minimize the number of abdominal wall incisions and allow access for all laparoscopic instruments through one skin incision. Several techniques in use require specialized equipment with multiple ports through one umbilical incision or one multichannel port. For single port surgery to be widely adopted surgeons must demonstrate safety, efficacy and reproducibility of the technique across a wide range of patients and clinical scenarios. In order to meet these requirements concerns about well-founded surgical training and quality monitoring must be addressed as with any major technical advance.

  7. A comprehensive review of telementoring applications in laparoscopic general surgery.

    PubMed

    Antoniou, Stavros A; Antoniou, George A; Franzen, Jan; Bollmann, Stefan; Koch, Oliver O; Pointner, Rudolf; Granderath, Frank A

    2012-08-01

    Incorporation of advanced laparoscopic procedures in the practice of institutions without respective experience is a significant impediment in the dissemination of minimally invasive techniques. On-site mentoring programs carry several cost-related and practical constraints. Telementoring has emerged as a practical and cost-effective alternative mentoring tool. The present study aimed to review the pertinent literature on telementoring applications in laparoscopic general surgery. A systematic review using the Medline database was performed. Articles reporting on clinical experience with telementoring applications in general surgery were included. Variations in methodology, study design, and operative procedures precluded cumulative outcome evaluation. Instead, a critical appraisal of current evidence was undertaken. Seventy-five articles were identified in the primary search, and ten studies were considered eligible. No randomized studies comparing on-site mentoring with telementoring were identified. The included studies reported on a total of 96 laparoscopic telementored procedures: 50 cholecystectomies, 23 colorectal resections, 7 fundoplications, 9 adrenalectomies, 6 hernia repairs, and 2 splenectomies. Completion of remotely assisted procedures was feasible in the vast majority of cases, whereas technical difficulties included video and audio latency with low transfer rates (<128 kbps) and inadequate guidance regarding the correct plane for dissection. Current evidence supports the feasibility and safety of telementoring programs in general surgery. Their clinical effectiveness as teaching alternatives to traditional mentoring programs remains to be further evaluated.

  8. Laparoscopic Surgery in the Elderly: A Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Bates, Andrew T.; Divino, Celia

    2015-01-01

    Laparoscopic techniques are gradually replacing many common surgical procedures that are performed in an increasingly aging population. Laparoscopy places different physiologic demands on the body than in open surgery. PubMed was searched for evidence related to the use of laparoscopy in the elderly population to treat common surgical pathologies. Randomized trials, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses were preferred. Currently, over 40% of all surgeries performed in the U.S. are on patients older than 65 years. By the end of the 21st century, Americans are expected to live 20 years longer than the current average. However, elderly patients clearly show higher rates of surgical morbidity and mortality overall. Laparoscopic techniques show decreased wound complications, post-operative ileus, intraoperative blood loss, and reduced need for post-operative rehabilitation. In conclusion, laparoscopic surgery is safe in the elderly population and affords multiple advantages including decreased pain and convalescence. However, the physiology of laparoscopy places demands on elderly patients that typically present with more medical comorbidities. PMID:25821642

  9. Impact of established skills in open surgery on the proficiency gain process for laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Brown, Daniel C; Miskovic, Danilo; Tang, Benjie; Hanna, George B

    2010-06-01

    Laparoscopic training traditionally follows open surgical training. This study aimed to investigate the impact of experience in open surgery on the laparoscopic proficiency gain process. A survey form investigating the importance of open experience before the start of laparoscopic training was sent to surgical experts and trainees in the United Kingdom. A separate experimental study objectively assessed the effects of open experience on laparoscopic skill acquisition using a virtual reality simulator. In the study, 11 medical students with no prior surgical experience (group A) and 14 surgical trainees with open but no laparoscopic experience in (group B) performed 250 simulated laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Psychomotor skills were evaluated by motion analysis and video-based global rating scores. Before the first and after the fifth and tenth operation, knowledge of laparoscopic techniques was assessed by a written test and by self-reported confidence levels indicated on a questionnaire. The 80 experts and 282 trainees who responded to the survey believed prior open experience aids confidence levels, knowledge, and skills acquisition. In the simulation study, no intergroup difference was found for any parameter after the first procedure. Group B scored significantly higher in the laparoscopic knowledge test before training began (42.7% vs. 64.3%; p = 0.002), but no significant difference was found after five operations. The two groups did not differ significantly in terms of confidence. Group B had a significantly shorter total operation time only at the first operation (2,305.6 s vs. 1,884.6 s; p = 0.037). No significant intergroup difference in path length, number of movements, or video-based global rating scores was observed. Prior open experience does not aid the laparoscopic learning process, as demonstrated in a simulated setting. Given the wealth of evidence demonstrating translation of virtual skills to the operating theater, we propose that the safe and

  10. Is laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery equal to open surgery? An evidence based perspective

    PubMed Central

    Künzli, Beat M; Friess, Helmut; Shrikhande, Shailesh V

    2010-01-01

    Laparoscopic colorectal surgery (LCS) is an evolving subject. Recent studies show that LCS can not only offer safe surgery but evidence is growing that this new technique can be superior to classical open procedures. Fewer perioperative complications and faster postoperative recovery are regularly mentioned when studies of LCS are presented. Even though the learning curve of LCS is frequently debated when limitations of laparoscopic surgeries are reviewed, studies show that in experienced hands LCS can be a safe procedure for colorectal cancer treatment. The learning curve however, is associated with high conversion rates and economical aspects such as higher costs and prolonged hospital stay. Nevertheless, laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery (LCCR) offers several advantages such as less co-morbidity and less postoperative pain in comparison with open procedures. Furthermore, the good exposure of the pelvic cavity by laparoscopy and the magnification of anatomical structures seem to facilitate pelvic dissection laparoscopically. Moreover, recent studies describe no difference in safety and oncological radicalness in LCCR compared to the open total mesorectal excision (TME). The oncological adequacy of LCCR still remains unproven today, because long-term results do not yet exist. To date, only a few studies have described the results of laparoscopic TME combined with preoperative adjuvant treatment for colorectal cancer. The aim of this review is to examine the various areas of development and controversy of LCCR in comparison to the conventional open approach. PMID:21160858

  11. A novel ultrasound based approach for lesion segmentation and its applications in gynecological laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Gong, Xue-Hao; Lu, Jun; Liu, Jin; Deng, Ying-Yuan; Liu, Wei-Zong; Huang, Xian; Pirbhulal, Sandeep; Yu, Zhi-Ying; Wu, Wan-Qing

    2015-12-01

    Laparoscopic ultrasound (LUS) has been widely utilized as a surgical aide in general, urological, and gynecological applications. Our study summarizes the clinical applications of laparoscopic ultrasonography in laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. Retrospective analyses were performed on 42 women subjects using laparoscopic surgery during laparoscopic extirpation and excision of gynecological tumors in our hospital from August 2011 to August 2013. Specifically, the Esaote 7.5 × 10 MHz laparoscopic transducer was used to detect small residual lesions, as well as to assess, locate and guide in removing the lesions during laparoscopic operations. The findings of LUS were compared with those of preoperative trans-vaginal ultrasound, postoperative, and pathohistological examinations. In addition, a novel method for lesion segmentation was proposed in order to facilitate the laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. In our experiment, laparoscopic operation was performed using a higher frequency and more close to pelvic organs via laparoscopic access. LUS facilitates the ability of gynaecologists to find small residual lesions under laparoscopic visualization and their accurate diagnosis. LUS also helps to locate residual lesions precisely and provides guidance for the removal of residual tumor and eliminate its recurrence effectively. Our experiment provides a safer and more valuable assistance for clinical applications in laparoscopic gynecological surgery that are superior to trans-abdominal ultrasound and trans-vaginal ultrasound.

  12. Laparoscopic resection of colon Cancer: consensus of the European Association of Endoscopic Surgery (EAES).

    PubMed

    Veldkamp, R; Gholghesaei, M; Bonjer, H J; Meijer, D W; Buunen, M; Jeekel, J; Anderberg, B; Cuesta, M A; Cuschierl, A; Fingerhut, A; Fleshman, J W; Guillou, P J; Haglind, E; Himpens, J; Jacobi, C A; Jakimowicz, J J; Koeckerling, F; Lacy, A M; Lezoche, E; Monson, J R; Morino, M; Neugebauer, E; Wexner, S D; Whelan, R L

    2004-08-01

    The European Association of Endoscopic Surgery (EAES) initiated a consensus development conference on the laparoscopic resection of colon cancer during the annual congress in Lisbon, Portugal, in June 2002. A systematic review of the current literature was combined with the opinions, of experts in the field of colon cancer surgery to formulate evidence-based statements and recommendations on the laparoscopic resection of colon cancer. Advanced age, obesity, and previous abdominal operations are not considered absolute contraindications for laparoscopic colon cancer surgery. The most common cause for conversion is the presence of bulky or invasive tumors. Laparoscopic operation takes longer to perform than the open counterpart, but the outcome is similar in terms of specimen size and pathological examination. Immediate postoperative morbidity and mortality are comparable for laparoscopic and open colonic cancer surgery. The laparoscopically operated patients had less postoperative pain, better-preserved pulmonary function, earlier restoration of gastrointestinal function, and an earlier discharge from the hospital. The postoperative stress response is lower after laparoscopic colectomy. The incidence of port site metastases is <1%. Survival after laparoscopic resection of colon cancer appears to be at least equal to survival after open resection. The costs of laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer are higher than those for open surgery. Laparoscopic resection of colon cancer is a safe and feasible procedure that improves short-term outcome. Results regarding the long-term survival of patients enrolled in large multicenter trials will determine its role in general surgery.

  13. The Role of Robotic Surgery for Rectal Cancer: Overcoming Technical Challenges in Laparoscopic Surgery by Advanced Techniques.

    PubMed

    Park, Seungwan; Kim, Nam Kyu

    2015-07-01

    The conventional laparoscopic approach to rectal surgery has several limitations, and therefore many colorectal surgeons have great expectations for the robotic surgical system as an alternative modality in overcoming challenges of laparoscopic surgery and thus enhancing oncologic and functional outcomes. This review explores the possibility of robotic surgery as an alternative approach in laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer. The da Vinci® Surgical System was developed specifically to compensate for the technical limitations of laparoscopic instruments in rectal surgery. The robotic rectal surgery is associated with comparable or better oncologic and pathologic outcomes, as well as low morbidity and mortality. The robotic surgery is generally easier to learn than laparoscopic surgery, improving the probability of autonomic nerve preservation and genitourinary function recovery. Furthermore, in very complex procedures such as intersphincteric dissections and transabdominal transections of the levator muscle, the robotic approach is associated with increased performance and safety compared to laparoscopic surgery. The robotic surgery for rectal cancer is an advanced technique that may resolve the issues associated with laparoscopic surgery. However, high cost of robotic surgery must be addressed before it can become the new standard treatment.

  14. [Learning curve and his consequences in laparoscopic antireflux surgery].

    PubMed

    Cristian, D; Sgarbură, Olivia; Jitea, N; Burcoş, T

    2005-01-01

    The laparoscopic fundoplication became the gold standard of the laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS). Our aim is to indicate the evolution of the learning curve as well as its consequences on the patient's outcome. We studied the gastro-esophageal reflux (GER) cases treated laparoscopically in Colţea University Hospital throughout 6 years. We gathered a group of 40 patients with an average age of 54, 57 years and a sex ratio F:M = 1.67. The patients had either a simple GER disease, small and medium hiatal hernias (21 cases) or giant hiatal hernias (GHH--19 cases). Two equal groups resulted: group 1 consisted of the first 20 patients operated from 1999 to 2002, group 2 consisted of the rest of the patients. Operating time, hospital time, complication rate and postoperatory endoscopy were compared. The average of the operating time was calculated. For giant hiatal hernias, a separate average was also taken into account. The total operating time for GER, small and medium hiatal hernias was 115 min in group 1 and 80 min in group 2 meanwhile for GHH it was 143 min vs. 130 min. The average operatory time was 129 min vs. 105 min. All these differences were statistically significant but there were no differences concerning complication rate and post-operatory endoscopy. Although the learning of the laparoscopic fundoplication requires practice, the learning curve does not have influence on the patients' outcome.

  15. Robotic suturing: technique and benefit in advanced laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Kenngott, Hannes G; Muller-Stich, Beat P; Reiter, Michael A; Rassweiler, Jens; Gutt, Carsten N

    2008-01-01

    Suturing is one of the main tasks in advanced laparoscopic surgery, but limited degrees of freedom, 2D vision, fulcrum and pivoting effect make it difficult to perform. Robotic systems provide corresponding solutions as three-dimensional (3D) view, intuitive motion and additional degrees of freedom. This review evaluates these benefits for their impact on suturing in experimental and clinical studies. The Medline database was searched for "robot*, telemanipulat* and laparoscop*". A total of 1150 references were found and further limited to "suturing" for experimental evaluation, finding 89 references. All references were considered for information on robotic suturing in advanced laparoscopy. Further references were obtained through cross-referencing the bibliography cited in each work. In experimental studies current robotic systems have proven their superior suturing capabilities compared to conventional laparoscopic techniques, mainly attributed to 3D visualization and full seven degrees of freedom. In clinical studies these benefits have not yet been sufficiently reproduced. Robotic systems have to prove the benefits shown in experimental studies for suturing tasks in clinical applications. Robotic devices shorten the learning curve of laparoscopic procedures. Further clinical trials focusing on anastomosis time are needed to assess this question.

  16. Robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy versus open radical retropubic prostatectomy: early outcomes from a randomised controlled phase 3 study.

    PubMed

    Yaxley, John W; Coughlin, Geoffrey D; Chambers, Suzanne K; Occhipinti, Stefano; Samaratunga, Hema; Zajdlewicz, Leah; Dunglison, Nigel; Carter, Rob; Williams, Scott; Payton, Diane J; Perry-Keene, Joanna; Lavin, Martin F; Gardiner, Robert A

    2016-09-10

    The absence of trial data comparing robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy and open radical retropubic prostatectomy is a crucial knowledge gap in uro-oncology. We aimed to compare these two approaches in terms of functional and oncological outcomes and report the early postoperative outcomes at 12 weeks. In this randomised controlled phase 3 study, men who had newly diagnosed clinically localised prostate cancer and who had chosen surgery as their treatment approach, were able to read and speak English, had no previous history of head injury, dementia, or psychiatric illness or no other concurrent cancer, had an estimated life expectancy of 10 years or more, and were aged between 35 years and 70 years were eligible and recruited from the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital (Brisbane, QLD). Participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive either robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy or radical retropubic prostatectomy. Randomisation was computer generated and occurred in blocks of ten. This was an open trial; however, study investigators involved in data analysis were masked to each patient's condition. Further, a masked central pathologist reviewed the biopsy and radical prostatectomy specimens. Primary outcomes were urinary function (urinary domain of EPIC) and sexual function (sexual domain of EPIC and IIEF) at 6 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 months and oncological outcome (positive surgical margin status and biochemical and imaging evidence of progression at 24 months). The trial was powered to assess health-related and domain-specific quality of life outcomes over 24 months. We report here the early outcomes at 6 weeks and 12 weeks. The per-protocol populations were included in the primary and safety analyses. This trial was registered with the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR), number ACTRN12611000661976. Between Aug 23, 2010, and Nov 25, 2014, 326 men were enrolled, of whom 163 were randomly assigned to radical retropubic

  17. Comparison of laparoscopic vs. open surgery for rectal cancer

    PubMed Central

    Ding, Zihai; Wang, Zheng; Huang, Shijie; Zhong, Shizhen; Lin, Jianhua

    2017-01-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate the safety of laparoscopic radical resection for rectal cancer. A total of 64 cases of rectal cancer patients undergoing radical surgery between January, 1998 and March, 2010 were collected. The patients were divided into the laparoscopic rectal surgery group (LS group, n=31) and the open surgery group (OS group, n=33). Operation time, postoperative recovery, complications and tumor-free survival rate were compared between the two groups. The inclusion criteria were as follows: Standard Karnofsky score >70 prior to surgery, definitive pathological diagnosis and complete clinical data. The exclusion criteria were concomitant tumors affecting survival. With the Dixon operation, the LS group had a longer operation time compared with the OS group (271.2±56.2 vs. 216.0±62.7 min, respectively; P=0.036), and an earlier time of oral intake (3.0±0.9 vs. 4.7±1.0 days, respectively; P=0.000). There were no significant differences between the LS and OS groups in terms of intraoperative blood loss, number of lymph nodes retrieved, duration of postoperative hyperthermia and hospitalization time (P>0.05). With the Miles operation, there were no obvious differences between the LS and OS groups regarding operation time, intraoperative blood loss, number of lymph nodes retrieved, time of oral intake, duration of postoperative hyperthermia and hospitalization time (P>0.05). Furthermore, there were no significant differences between the LS and OS groups with the Dixon or Miles operation in terms of 3-year tumor-free survival rate (P>0.05). Thus, laparoscopic surgery appears to be a safe and feasible option for the treatment of rectal cancer. PMID:28357087

  18. A Compact Modular Teleoperated Robotic System for Laparoscopic Surgery.

    PubMed

    Berkelman, Peter; Ma, Ji

    2009-09-01

    Compared with traditional open surgery, minimally invasive surgical procedures reduce patient trauma and recovery time, but the dexterity of the surgeon in laparoscopic surgery is reduced owing to the small incisions, long instruments and limited indirect visibility of the operative site inside the patient. Robotic surgical systems, teleoperated by surgeons from a master control console with joystick-type manipulation interfaces, have been commercially developed yet their adoption into standard practice may be limited owing to their size, complexity, cost and time-consuming setup, maintenance and sterilization procedures. The goal of our research is to improve the effectiveness of robot-assisted surgery by developing much smaller, simpler, modular, teleoperated robotic manipulator systems for minimally invasive surgery.

  19. A Compact Modular Teleoperated Robotic System for Laparoscopic Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Berkelman, Peter; Ma, Ji

    2011-01-01

    Compared with traditional open surgery, minimally invasive surgical procedures reduce patient trauma and recovery time, but the dexterity of the surgeon in laparoscopic surgery is reduced owing to the small incisions, long instruments and limited indirect visibility of the operative site inside the patient. Robotic surgical systems, teleoperated by surgeons from a master control console with joystick-type manipulation interfaces, have been commercially developed yet their adoption into standard practice may be limited owing to their size, complexity, cost and time-consuming setup, maintenance and sterilization procedures. The goal of our research is to improve the effectiveness of robot-assisted surgery by developing much smaller, simpler, modular, teleoperated robotic manipulator systems for minimally invasive surgery. PMID:21743765

  20. Technical feasibility of laparoscopic extended surgery beyond total mesorectal excision for primary or recurrent rectal cancer.

    PubMed

    Akiyoshi, Takashi

    2016-01-14

    Relatively little is known about the oncologic safety of laparoscopic surgery for advanced rectal cancer. Recently, large randomized clinical trials showed that laparoscopic surgery was not inferior to open surgery, as evidenced by survival and local control rates. However, patients with T4 tumors were excluded from these trials. Technological advances in the instrumentation and techniques used by laparoscopic surgery have increased the use of laparoscopic surgery for advanced rectal cancer. High-definition, illuminated, and magnified images obtained by laparoscopy may enable more precise laparoscopic surgery than open techniques, even during extended surgery for T4 or locally recurrent rectal cancer. To date, the quality of evidence regarding the usefulness of laparoscopy for extended surgery beyond total mesorectal excision has been low because most studies have been uncontrolled series, with small sample sizes, and long-term data are lacking. Nevertheless, laparoscopic extended surgery for rectal cancer, when performed by specialized laparoscopic colorectal surgeons, has been reported safe in selected patients, with significant advantages, including a clear visual field and less blood loss. This review summarizes current knowledge on laparoscopic extended surgery beyond total mesorectal excision for primary or locally recurrent rectal cancer.

  1. HPC enabled real-time remote processing of laparoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ronaghi, Zahra; Sapra, Karan; Izard, Ryan; Duffy, Edward; Smith, Melissa C.; Wang, Kuang-Ching; Kwartowitz, David M.

    2016-03-01

    Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive surgical technique. The benefit of small incisions has a disadvantage of limited visualization of subsurface tissues. Image-guided surgery (IGS) uses pre-operative and intra-operative images to map subsurface structures. One particular laparoscopic system is the daVinci-si robotic surgical system. The video streams generate approximately 360 megabytes of data per second. Real-time processing this large stream of data on a bedside PC, single or dual node setup, has become challenging and a high-performance computing (HPC) environment may not always be available at the point of care. To process this data on remote HPC clusters at the typical 30 frames per second rate, it is required that each 11.9 MB video frame be processed by a server and returned within 1/30th of a second. We have implement and compared performance of compression, segmentation and registration algorithms on Clemson's Palmetto supercomputer using dual NVIDIA K40 GPUs per node. Our computing framework will also enable reliability using replication of computation. We will securely transfer the files to remote HPC clusters utilizing an OpenFlow-based network service, Steroid OpenFlow Service (SOS) that can increase performance of large data transfers over long-distance and high bandwidth networks. As a result, utilizing high-speed OpenFlow- based network to access computing clusters with GPUs will improve surgical procedures by providing real-time medical image processing and laparoscopic data.

  2. General surgery training without laparoscopic surgery fellows: the impact on residents and patients.

    PubMed

    Linn, John G; Hungness, Eric S; Clark, Sara; Nagle, Alexander P; Wang, Edward; Soper, Nathaniel J

    2011-10-01

    To evaluate resident case volume after discontinuation of a laparoscopic surgery fellowship, and to examine disparities in patient care over the same time period. Resident case logs were compared for a 2-year period before and 1 year after discontinuing the fellowship, using a 2-sample t test. Databases for bariatric and esophageal surgery were reviewed to compare operative time, length of stay (LOS), and complication rate by resident or fellow over the same time period using a 2-sample t test. Increases were seen in senior resident advanced laparoscopic (Mean Fellow Year = 21 operations vs Non Fellow Year = 61, P < 0.01), esophageal (1 vs 11, P < .01) and bariatric volume (9 vs 36, P < .01). Junior resident laparoscopic volume increased (P < 0.05). No difference in LOS or complication rate was seen with resident vs fellow assistant. Operative time was greater for gastric bypass with resident assistant (152 ± 51 minutes vs 138 ± 53, P < .05). Discontinuing a laparoscopic fellowship significantly increases resident case volume in laparoscopic surgery. Operative time for complex operations may increase in the absence of a fellow. Other patient outcomes are not affected by this change. Copyright © 2011 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Experience with flexible stapling techniques in laparoscopic and conventional surgery.

    PubMed

    Fuchs, Karl-Hermann; Breithaupt, Wolfram; Schulz, Thomas; Reinisch, Alexander

    2011-06-01

    Currently, advanced minimal-access surgery cannot be realized without the application of modern stapling devices. The introduction of stapling devices with a flexible shaft and computer-assisted steering abilities was followed by the technical basis to provide just these features. This study aimed to assess the clinical application of stapling devices connected to a flexible shaft supported by a computer-assisted drive for maneuvering the system and to study its feasibility, learning curve problems, and clinical safety criteria regarding morbidity of the patients. The experience with laparoscopic and open gastrointestinal and colorectal surgery was evaluated. Patients with esophageal, gastric, and colorectal diseases were selected. The stapling system consisted of a power console connected to a flexible shaft and a remote control unit. On the tip of the flexible shaft stapler, loading units could be attached and operated by the remote control. A circular loading unit, size 29 mm, was used for esophageal, gastric, and rectal anastomoses. The linear stapler (length, 55/75 mm) was applied for the gastric tube after esophageal resection, for the jejunal pouch after total gastrectomy, and for division and closure of small bowel. It also was used during laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy or laparoscopic fundoplication with COLLIS-gastroplasty. All data from the procedures were prospectively assessed and documented. A literature analysis was performed to compare morbidity data and leak rates with those of the current study. During an 8-year period, 394 patients (253 men and 141 women) were included in this study, and laparoscopic technique was performed in 52% of the cases. The mean age of the patients was 63 years (range, 16-93 years), and 33% of the patients had an American Society of Anesthesia classification of 3 or 4. A total of 1,258 firings were performed. The procedures included 54 esophageal resections, 90 gastric operations, and 197 colorectal resections. In

  4. Risk Factors for Perioperative Anxiety in Laparoscopic Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Ulucanlar, Haluk; Ay, Ahmet; Ozden, Mustafa

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Our aim is to investigate the anxiety status of the patient before elective cholecystectomy and to analyze the relation between the level of anxiety for a given operation type (laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy) and the corresponding demographic and social data. Methods: A total of 333 patients undergoing cholecystectomy due to cholelithiasis were included in the study; 218 patients (66.1%) received laparoscopic cholecystectomy and 115 patients (33.9%) were treated with open cholecystectomy. The Beck Anxiety Inventory was given to all patients to be completed. We evaluated levels of anxiety in 3 groups as follows: 0 to 15, low to mild anxiety; 16 to 25, moderate anxiety; 26 to 63, severe anxiety. The following patient information remained confidential and was recorded: age and sex, associated disease, civil status, educational status, having open/laparoscopic cholecystectomy, previous knowledge of the operation, job status, economic status, health insurance, and having a child in need of care. Results: The following criteria were determined: the most determinant factors in differentiating between the score groups were having a low level of education, being of the female sex, being single, and having laparoscopic operation; the factors of being a homemaker and over the age of 25 years were determined to have significant effects. Conclusions: When analyzing the results that may appear during the intraoperative and postoperative period, understanding preoperative anxiety, analyzing the risk factors in depth, and taking the necessary precautions are all considerations that need to be the primary objectives of operators who are involved with laparoscopic, endoscopic, and robotic surgery. PMID:25392610

  5. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Under Spinal Anaesthesia vs. General Anaesthesia: A Prospective Randomised Study

    PubMed Central

    Pujari, Vinayak S; R, Sreevathsa.M.; Hiremath, Bharati. V.; Bevinaguddaiah, Yatish

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is conventionally performed under general anaesthesia (GA) in our institution. There are multiple studies which have found spinal anaesthesia as a safe alternative. We have conducted this study of LC, performed under spinal anesthesia to assess its safety and feasibility in comparison with GA. Materials and Methods: Fifty patients with symptomatic gallstone disease and American Society of Anesthesiologists status I or II were randomised to have LC under spinal (n = 25) or general (n = 25) anesthesia. Intraoperative vitals, postoperative pain, complications, recovery, and surgeon satisfaction were compared between the 2 groups. Results: In the SA group six patients (24%) complained of shoulder pain, two patients required conversion to GA (8%) as the pain did not subside with Fentanyl. None of the patients in the SA group had immediate postoperative pain at operated site. Only two (8%) patients had pain score of 4 at the operative site within eight hours requiring rescue analgesic. One patient had nausea but no vomiting (4%). All the patients (100%) in the GA group had pain at operated site immediately after surgery and their pain score ranged from 4-7, all patients received rescue analgesic before shifting to the ward. In the first 24h tramadol required as rescue in the GA group was 82±24 mg which was significantly higher than the SA group requiring only 30±33.16 mg. Although, the GA group had more patients experiencing postoperative nausea & vomiting it was not statistically significant. Conclusion: SA as the sole anaesthesia technique is feasible, safe and cost effective for elective LC. PMID:25302232

  6. Laparoscopic bariatric surgery for the treatment of severe hypertriglyceridemia.

    PubMed

    Hsu, Sung-Yu; Lee, Wei-Jei; Chong, Keong; Ser, Kong-Han; Tsou, Jun-Jiun

    2015-04-01

    It is well established that severe hypertriglyceridemia can lead to pancreatitis. At present, medical treatment for patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia and repeat pancreatitis attacks is not adequate. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of laparoscopic bariatric surgery in these patients. A review of 20 morbidly obese patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia (a triglyceride level of >1000 mg/dL) who received laparoscopic bariatric surgery was performed. The study population comprised 14 males and six females, with an average age of 35.0 years (range 24-52 years), and the mean body mass index was 38.2 kg/m(2) (range 25-53 kg/m(2)). The preoperative mean plasma triglyceride level was 1782.7 mg/dL (range 1043-3884 mg/dL). Four patients had a history of hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis and 13 patients had associated diabetes. Of the 20 patients, 17 (85%) received gastric bypass, whereas three (15%) received restrictive-type surgery. Laparoscopic access was used in all of the patients. Hypertriglyceridemia in morbidly obese patients was more commonly associated with male sex and a poorly controlled diabetic state. The mean weight reduction was 25.5% 1 year after surgery, with a marked improvement in diabetes management. As early as 1 month following surgery, the plasma mean triglyceride levels had decreased to 254 mg/dL (range 153-519 mg/dL), and this was further reduced to mean levels of 192 mg/dL (range 73-385 mg/dL) 1 year after surgery. One patient developed acute pancreatitis during the perioperative period, but none of the patients suffered an episode of pancreatitis in the follow-up period (from 6 months to 13 years). Bariatric surgery can be successfully used as a metabolic surgery in severe hypertriglyceridemia patients at risk of acute pancreatitis. However, control of triglyceride levels prior to bariatric surgery is indicated. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Taiwan.

  7. Robot-assisted laparoscopic (RAL) procedures in general surgery.

    PubMed

    Alimoglu, Orhan; Sagiroglu, Julide; Atak, Ibrahim; Kilic, Ali; Eren, Tunc; Caliskan, Mujgan; Bas, Gurhan

    2016-09-01

    Robotics was introduced in clinical practice more than two decades ago, and it has gained remarkable popularity for a wide variety of laparoscopic procedures. We report our results of robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery (RALS) in the most commonly applied general surgical procedures. Ninety seven patients underwent RALS from 2009 to 2012. Indications for RALS were cholelithiasis, gastric carcinoma, splenic tumors, colorectal carcinoma, benign colorectal diseases, non-toxic nodular goiter and incisional hernia. Records of patients were analyzed for demographic features, intraoperative and postoperative complications and conversion to open surgery. Forty six female and 51 male patients were operated and mean age was 58,4 (range: 25-88). Ninety three out of 97 procedures (96%) were completed robotically, 4 were converted to open surgery and there were 15 postoperative complications. There was no mortality. Wide variety of procedures of general surgery can be managed safely and effectively by RALS. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  8. Evaluation of haptic teaching approaches for laparoscopic surgery training.

    PubMed

    Kato, Toma; Tagawa, Kazuyoshi; Marutani, Takafumi; Tanaka, Hiromi; Komori, Masaru; Kurumi, Yoshimasa; Morikawa, Shigehiro

    2014-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery, one type of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is a very important surgery technique which requires advanced surgical technique. At present, expert one-on-one teaching mainly supports the training of these advanced surgical techniques. However, time constraints prevent experts spending the amount of time desired for this training. Therefore, we aim to support training using a VR-based laparoscopic surgery simulator equipped with a guidance force display. This increases the amount of training a trainee can avail of while at the same time allow the expert and the trainee to increase the quality of the limited one-to-one time together. The first step of our research is to investigate approaches that displays the guidance force to teach experts hand movements. In this study, we used two guidance force-display approaches: Instrument-guiding approach and Hand-guiding approach. Through evaluative experiments, we found that the Hand-guiding approach is more suitable for skill transfer than the Instrument-guiding approach in particular tasks. The results are described below.

  9. Patient Perceptions of Open, Laparoscopic, and Robotic Gynecological Surgeries

    PubMed Central

    Prabakar, Cheruba; Nematian, Sepide; Julka, Nitasha; Bhatt, Devika; Bral, Pedram

    2016-01-01

    Objective. To investigate patient knowledge and attitudes toward surgical approaches in gynecology. Design. An anonymous Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved questionnaire survey. Patients/Setting. A total of 219 women seeking obstetrical and gynecological care in two offices affiliated with an academic medical center. Results. Thirty-four percent of the participants did not understand the difference between open and laparoscopic surgeries. 56% of the participants knew that laparoscopy is a better surgical approach for patients than open abdominal surgeries, while 37% thought that laparoscopy requires the surgeon to have a higher technical skill. 46% of the participants do not understand the difference between laparoscopic and robotic procedures. 67.5% of the participants did not know that the surgeon moves the robot's arms to perform the surgery. Higher educational level and/or history of previous abdominal surgeries were associated with the highest rates of answering all the questions correctly (p < 0.05), after controlling for age and race. Conclusions. A substantial percentage of patients do not understand the difference between various surgical approaches. Health care providers should not assume that their patients have an adequate understanding of their surgical options and accordingly should educate them about those options so they can make truly informed decisions. PMID:27840826

  10. Preoperative ketamine improves postoperative analgesia after gynecologic laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Kwok, Rebecca F K; Lim, Jean; Chan, Matthew T V; Gin, Tony; Chiu, Wallace K Y

    2004-04-01

    In this study, we evaluated the preemptive effect of a small dose of ketamine on postoperative wound pain. In a randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial, we compared the analgesic requirement in patients receiving preincision ketamine with ketamine after skin closure or placebo after gynecologic laparoscopic surgery. One-hundred-thirty-five patients were randomly assigned to receive preincision or postoperative ketamine 0.15 mg/kg or saline IV. Anesthetic technique was standardized. Patients were interviewed regularly up to 4 wk after surgery. Pain score, morphine consumption, side effects, and quality of recovery score were recorded. Patients receiving preincision ketamine had a lower pain score in the first 6 h after operation compared with the postoperative (P = 0.001) or placebo groups (P < 0.001). The mean (95% confidence intervals) time to first request for analgesia in the preincision group, 1.8 h (1.4-2.1), was longer than the postoperative group, 1.2 h (0.9-1.5; P < 0.001), or the placebo group, 0.7 h (0.4-0.9; P < 0.001). The mean +/- SD morphine consumption in the preincision group, 1.5 +/- 2.0 mg, was less than that in the postoperative group, 2.9 +/- 3.1 mg (P = 0.04) and the placebo group, 3.4 +/- 2.7 mg (P = 0.003). There was no significant difference among groups with respect to hemodynamic variables or side effects. No patient complained of hallucinations or nightmares. We conclude that a small dose of ketamine is not only safe, but it also provides preemptive analgesia in patients undergoing gynecologic laparoscopic surgery. In women undergoing laparoscopic gynecologic surgery, a small preoperative dose of ketamine (0.15 mg/kg) produced preemptive analgesia. There were no significant hemodynamic and psychological side effects with this dose.

  11. Single-incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS) in general surgery: a review of current practice.

    PubMed

    Froghi, Farid; Sodergren, Mikael Hans; Darzi, Ara; Paraskeva, Paraskevas

    2010-08-01

    Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) aims to eliminate multiple port incisions. Although general operative principles of SILS are similar to conventional laparoscopic surgery, operative techniques are not standardized. This review aims to evaluate the current use of SILS published in the literature by examining the types of operations performed, techniques employed, and relevant complications and morbidity. This review considered a total of 94 studies reporting 1889 patients evaluating 17 different general surgical operations. There were 8 different access techniques reported using conventional laparoscopic instruments and specifically designed SILS ports. There is extensive heterogeneity associated with operating methods and in particular ways of overcoming problems with retraction and instrumentation. Published complications, morbidity, and hospital length of stay are comparable to conventional laparoscopy. Although SILS provides excellent cosmetic results and morbidity seems similar to conventional laparoscopy, larger randomized controlled trials are needed to assess the safety and efficacy of this novel technique.

  12. [Laparoscopic reoperation for recurred antireflux surgery of gastroesophageal reflux disease].

    PubMed

    Hu, Z W; Wu, J M; Wang, Z G; Wang, F; Chen, M P; Dong, Y Y; Zhan, X L; Zhang, Y; Ma, S S; Zhang, C; Yan, C

    2016-07-01

    To investigate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic reoperation for patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) recurred form previous anti-reflux surgery. Totally 19 patients received laparoscopic reoperation for symptomatic and anatomic recurred GERD in Department of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, Rocket Force General Hospital from January 2008 to September 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 12 male and 7 female patients. The average reoperation age was (48±14) years, the average duration of reoperation from original ones was (43±38) months. The patients underwent preoperative barium, endoscopy, manometry and 24-hour pH studies. Laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair plus fundoplication was carried out for reoperation. Gastroesophageal reflux related symptoms (reflux, heartburn, chest pain, chough, wheezing, chest tightness and globus sensation) before and after surgery were compared by a questionnaire. The patients' medication consumption, complications and satisfaction of the reoperation were investigated as well. The repeated measures analysis of variance was used for statistical comparison of data preoperatively and postoperatively. No major complication and death occurred. Six cases (32%) had complications such as diarrhea, increased passing wind, flatulence, dysphagia and abdominal pain. The GERD related symptom score of reflux, heartburn, chest pain, chough, wheezing, chest tightness and globus sensation all significantly decreased (F: 25.0 to 56.7; P: 0.000 to 0.001) after the reoperation, with 68% good outcome of all the patients. After a follow-up of (33±22) months after reoperation, 1 case had partial recurrence at the 3(rd) month after reoperation. For all the patients, 12 cases felt very satisfied or satisfied with the reoperation. Laparoscopic reoperation is generally effective with acceptable morbidity rates for patients with esophageal and extraesophageal symptoms recurred form previous hiatal repair and (or

  13. Robot-assisted laparoscopic (RAL) surgery for gastric cancer.

    PubMed

    Alimoglu, Orhan; Atak, Ibrahim; Eren, Tunc

    2014-09-01

    This literature review focuses on the potential benefits and eventual limitations of robotic surgery with respect to the traditional minimally invasive laparoscopic surgical technique for gastric cancer. A literature survey was performed using specific search phrases in PubMed. Series including < 10 cases and series including only an 'open group' of patients in comparison with the 'robotic group' were excluded. Characteristics such as patient demographics, perioperative outcomes and oncological results were analysed. According to the analysis of 12 series, robotic gastric surgery has been shown to be a safe and feasible method. However, a considerable number of studies are composed of early-stage gastric cancer cases and there seems to be a lack of randomized controlled studies. Large prospective randomized studies are still required in order to demonstrate the exact benefits of robotic surgery and its effects on survival in gastric cancer. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  14. Ontology-based prediction of surgical events in laparoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Katić, Darko; Wekerle, Anna-Laura; Gärtner, Fabian; Kenngott, Hannes; Müller-Stich, Beat Peter; Dillmann, Rüdiger; Speidel, Stefanie

    2013-03-01

    Context-aware technologies have great potential to help surgeons during laparoscopic interventions. Their underlying idea is to create systems which can adapt their assistance functions automatically to the situation in the OR, thus relieving surgeons from the burden of managing computer assisted surgery devices manually. To this purpose, a certain kind of understanding of the current situation in the OR is essential. Beyond that, anticipatory knowledge of incoming events is beneficial, e.g. for early warnings of imminent risk situations. To achieve the goal of predicting surgical events based on previously observed ones, we developed a language to describe surgeries and surgical events using Description Logics and integrated it with methods from computational linguistics. Using n-Grams to compute probabilities of followup events, we are able to make sensible predictions of upcoming events in real-time. The system was evaluated on professionally recorded and labeled surgeries and showed an average prediction rate of 80%.

  15. Strategic laparoscopic surgery for improved cosmesis in general and bariatric surgery: analysis of initial 127 cases.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Ninh T; Smith, Brian R; Reavis, Kevin M; Nguyen, Xuan-Mai T; Nguyen, Brian; Stamos, Michael J

    2012-05-01

    Strategic laparoscopic surgery for improved cosmesis (SLIC) is a less invasive surgical approach than conventional laparoscopic surgery. The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and safety of SLIC for general and bariatric surgical operations. Additionally, we compared the outcomes of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy with those performed by the SLIC technique. In an academic medical center, from April 2008 to December 2010, 127 patients underwent SLIC procedures: 38 SLIC cholecystectomy, 56 SLIC gastric banding, 26 SLIC sleeve gastrectomy, 1 SLIC gastrojejunostomy, and 6 SLIC appendectomy. SLIC sleeve gastrectomy was initially performed through a single 4.0-cm supraumbilical incision with extraction of the gastric specimen through the same incision. The technique evolved to laparoscopic incisions that were all placed within the umbilicus and suprapubic region. There were no 30-day or in-hospital mortalities or 30-day re-admissions or re-operations. For SLIC cholecystectomy, gastric banding, appendectomy, and gastrojejunostomy, conversion to conventional laparoscopy occurred in 5.3%, 5.4%, 0%, and 0%, respectively; there were no major or minor postoperative complications. For SLIC sleeve gastrectomy, there were no significant differences in mean operative time and length of hospital stay compared with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy; 1 (3.8%) of 26 SLIC patients required conversion to five-port laparoscopy. There were no major complications. Minor complications occurred in 7.7% in the SLIC sleeve group versus 8.3% in the laparoscopic sleeve group. SLIC in general and bariatric operations is technically feasible, safe, and associated with a low rate of conversion to conventional laparoscopy. Compared with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, SLIC sleeve gastrectomy can be performed without a prolonged operative time with comparable perioperative outcomes.

  16. Clinical outcomes of single incision laparoscopic surgery and conventional laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal inguinal hernia repair

    PubMed Central

    Ece, Ilhan; Yilmaz, Huseyin; Yormaz, Serdar; Sahin, Mustafa

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery has been a frequently performed method for inguinal hernia repair. Studies have demonstrated that the laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) approach is an appropriate choice for inguinal hernia repair. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) was developed to improve the cosmetic effects of conventional laparoscopy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of SILS-TAPP compared with TAPP technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 148 patients who underwent TAPP or SILS-TAPP in our surgery clinic between December 2012 and January 2015 were enrolled. Data including patient demographics, hernia characteristics, operative time, intraoperative and postoperative complications, length of hospital stay and recurrence rate were retrospectively collected. RESULTS: In total, 60 SILS-TAPP and 88 TAPP procedures were performed in the study period. The two groups were similar in terms of gender, type of hernia, and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification score. The patients in the SILS-TAPP group were younger when compared the TAPP group. Port site hernia (PSH) rate was significantly high in the SILS-TAPP group, and all PSHs were recorded in patients with severe comorbidities. The mean operative time has no significant difference in two groups. All SILS procedures were completed successfully without conversion to conventional laparoscopy or open repair. No intraoperative complication was recorded. There was no recurrence during the mean follow-up period of 15.2 ± 3.8 months. CONCLUSION: SILS TAPP for inguinal hernia repair seems to be a feasible, safe method, and is comparable with TAPP technique. However, randomized trials are required to evaluate long-term clinical outcomes. PMID:27251835

  17. Towards scar-free surgery: An analysis of the increasing complexity from laparoscopic surgery to NOTES

    PubMed Central

    Chellali, Amine; Schwaitzberg, Steven D.; Jones, Daniel B.; Romanelli, John; Miller, Amie; Rattner, David; Roberts, Kurt E.; Cao, Caroline G.L.

    2014-01-01

    Background NOTES is an emerging technique for performing surgical procedures, such as cholecystectomy. Debate about its real benefit over the traditional laparoscopic technique is on-going. There have been several clinical studies comparing NOTES to conventional laparoscopic surgery. However, no work has been done to compare these techniques from a Human Factors perspective. This study presents a systematic analysis describing and comparing different existing NOTES methods to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods Videos of endoscopic/laparoscopic views from fifteen live cholecystectomies were analyzed to conduct a detailed task analysis of the NOTES technique. A hierarchical task analysis of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and several hybrid transvaginal NOTES cholecystectomies was performed and validated by expert surgeons. To identify similarities and differences between these techniques, their hierarchical decomposition trees were compared. Finally, a timeline analysis was conducted to compare the steps and substeps. Results At least three variations of the NOTES technique were used for cholecystectomy. Differences between the observed techniques at the substep level of hierarchy and on the instruments being used were found. The timeline analysis showed an increase in time to perform some surgical steps and substeps in NOTES compared to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Conclusion As pure NOTES is extremely difficult given the current state of development in instrumentation design, most surgeons utilize different hybrid methods – combination of endoscopic and laparoscopic instruments/optics. Results of our hierarchical task analysis yielded an identification of three different hybrid methods to perform cholecystectomy with significant variability amongst them. The varying degrees to which laparoscopic instruments are utilized to assist in NOTES methods appear to introduce different technical issues and additional tasks leading to an increase in the surgical time. The

  18. Defining technical errors in laparoscopic surgery: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Bonrath, Esther M; Dedy, Nicolas J; Zevin, Boris; Grantcharov, Teodor P

    2013-08-01

    Technical errors, a distinct subcomponent of surgical proficiency, have a significant impact on patient safety and clinical outcomes. To date, only a few studies have been designed to describe and evaluate these errors. This review was performed to assess technical errors described in laparoscopic surgery. A literature search of Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, and OVID databases (1946-2012, week 14) using the terms "technical/medical error," "technical skill," and "adverse event" in combination with the terms "laparoscopy/laparoscopic surgery" was conducted. English language peer review articles with a description of technical errors were included. Opinion papers, reviews, and articles not addressing laparoscopic surgery were excluded. The search returned 2,282 articles. Application of the inclusion criteria reduced the number of articles to 21. Of these 21 articles, 14 (67 %) were observational studies, 3 (14 %) were randomized trials, 2 (10 %) were prospective interventional studies, and 2 (10 %) were retrospective analyses. Eight articles (38 %) applied error analysis as an approach to determine error rates within routine procedures. The remaining 13 articles (62 %) used the assessment of errors to describe and quantify surgical skill in an educational setting. A number of approaches for the assessment of surgical technical errors exist. The error definitions vary greatly, making a comparison of error rates between groups impossible. Complexity of scale design and subjectivity in ratings have resulted in limited use of these scores outside the experimental setting. To facilitate error analysis as a self-assessment method of continuous learning and quality control, further research and better tools are required.

  19. Fast-track Rehabilitation Accelerates Recovery After Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Dakwar, Anthony; Sivkovits, Krina; Mahajna, Ahmad

    2014-01-01

    Background: Fast-track (FT) rehabilitation protocols have been shown to be successful in reducing both hospital stay and postoperative complications, as well as enhancing overall postoperative patient recovery. We are reporting the outcomes of our first group of patients undergoing colorectal surgery following the FT protocol. Patients and Methods: We performed a prospective study of patients, between January 1, 2007 and January 31, 2010, who underwent laparoscopic colorectal resections in accordance with the guidelines of FT rehabilitation protocol. Recovery parameters including time to removal of naso-gastric tube and urinary catheter, time to bowel function and to resume diet, and length of hospital stay were evaluated. Postoperative outcomes, that is, postoperative complications and mortality, reoperations, and readmissions were also studied. Results: A total of 71 patients, 30 women and 41 men, underwent FT rehabilitation for laparoscopic colorectal surgery. The mean age of the patients was 60 ± 16 years. The most common surgical procedures were right hemicolectomy 30% and anterior resection 27%. Liquid and regular diet were initiated on postoperative day 1.2 ± 0.4 and 2.1 ± 0.4, respectively. Overall postoperative morbidity was 8.5%. The mean length of stay was 4.4 ± 1.7 days, with only 3 readmissions. Forty-five patients fulfilled the FT care plan and were discharged on postoperative day 3. No reoperations or mortality were observed. Conclusions: FT rehabilitation results in favorable postoperative outcomes. Our data provides evidence and suggests that FT protocols should be implemented as a reliable method of preparation and recovery for laparoscopic colorectal surgery. PMID:25489207

  20. Contamination Resulting From Aerosolized Fluid During Laparoscopic Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Nowak, Brent M.; Seger, Michael V.; Duperier, Frank D.

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Aerosolized droplets of blood can travel considerable distances on release of intra-abdominal pressure during laparoscopic surgery. This creates an environmental hazard for members of the surgical team. This study describes and provides a method of measurement of aerosolized blood contamination during evacuation of the pneumoperitoneum in laparoscopic surgery. Methods: Samples were measured by removing a trocar from the abdomen while a pneumoperitoneum of 15 mm Hg was present. A white poster board was placed 24 inches above the incision to catch the released blood spatter. By use of machine vision, luminol fluorescence, and computerized spatial analysis, data from the boards were recorded, analyzed, and scored based on the distance, size, and quantity of particulate contamination. Results: We analyzed 27 boards. Spatter was present on every board. The addition of luminol to the boards increased the amount of visible spatter. Most tests created <1000 blood spatters. Fluids are typically ejected as a fine mist. Every test included at least 1 blood spatter. The range of the average blood spatter size was 0.53 × 10–3 to 7.11 × 10–3 sq in. The amount of spatter detected did not show any apparent correlation with the patient's body mass index, the estimated blood loss, or the type of operation performed. Conclusions: Evacuation of the pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopic surgery results in consistent contamination. Most blood spatter is not visible to the naked eye. Our results suggest that all surgical participants should wear appropriate protective barriers and conscious measures should be undertaken to prevent environmental contamination during pneumoperitoneal evacuation. PMID:25392644

  1. Advanced laparoscopic fellowship and general surgery residency can coexist without detracting from surgical resident operative experience.

    PubMed

    Kothari, Shanu N; Cogbill, Thomas H; O'Heron, Colette T; Mathiason, Michelle A

    2008-01-01

    Concern has been voiced that general surgery residents who train at institutions that also offer advanced laparoscopic fellowships may receive inadequate advanced laparoscopic operative experience. The purpose of our study was to compare the operative experience of general surgery residents who graduated from our institution before initiation of an advanced laparoscopic fellowship with the experience of those who graduated after the fellowship began. Operative case logs of surgery residents who graduated from 2000 through 2007 and of advanced laparoscopic fellows from 2004 through 2007 were reviewed. Surgery resident experience with basic and nonbariatric advanced laparoscopic cases during the 4 years before the fellowship was compared with the experience during the 4 years after the fellowship began. Residents who graduated before 2004 performed a mean of 140.5 +/- 19.4 basic and 77.0 +/- 17.8 advanced laparoscopic cases during their 5-year residency, compared with 193.3 +/- 34.5 basic (p = 0.003) and 113.3 +/- 23.5 advanced cases (p = 0.005) performed by those who graduated in 2004 or later. The number of nonbariatric advanced laparoscopic cases performed by each graduating surgical resident during the chief year ranged from 26 to 47 cases from 2000 to 2003 and from 36 to 69 cases from 2004 to 2007. Fellows reported from 40 to 85 nonbariatric advanced laparoscopic cases annually. General surgery residents did not experience a reduction in the total number of basic and nonbariatric advanced laparoscopic cases with the addition of an advanced laparoscopic fellowship, nor did they perform fewer cases during the chief year. As the result of a cooperative venture between the surgery residency and fellowship directors as well as an expansion of the total number of laparoscopic cases performed at our institution because of changes in clinical practice, surgery residents reported an increase in the number of laparoscopic cases while a successful fellowship was

  2. Content-based retrieval in videos from laparoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schoeffmann, Klaus; Beecks, Christian; Lux, Mathias; Uysal, Merih Seran; Seidl, Thomas

    2016-03-01

    In the field of medical endoscopy more and more surgeons are changing over to record and store videos of their endoscopic procedures for long-term archival. These endoscopic videos are a good source of information for explanations to patients and follow-up operations. As the endoscope is the "eye of the surgeon", the video shows the same information the surgeon has seen during the operation, and can describe the situation inside the patient much more precisely than an operation report would do. Recorded endoscopic videos can also be used for training young surgeons and in some countries the long-term archival of video recordings from endoscopic procedures is even enforced by law. A major challenge, however, is to efficiently access these very large video archives for later purposes. One problem, for example, is to locate specific images in the videos that show important situations, which are additionally captured as static images during the procedure. This work addresses this problem and focuses on contentbased video retrieval in data from laparoscopic surgery. We propose to use feature signatures, which can appropriately and concisely describe the content of laparoscopic images, and show that by using this content descriptor with an appropriate metric, we are able to efficiently perform content-based retrieval in laparoscopic videos. In a dataset with 600 captured static images from 33 hours recordings, we are able to find the correct video segment for more than 88% of these images.

  3. Perioperative Management of Severe Hypertension during Laparoscopic Surgery for Pheochromocytoma

    PubMed Central

    Erdoğan, Mehmet Ali; Uçar, Muharrem; Özkan, Ahmet Selim; Özgül, Ülkü; Durmuş, Mahmut

    2016-01-01

    Phaeochromocytoma is a catecholamine-secreting vascular tumour that is derived from chromaffin cell. Lethal cardiovascular complications, such as serious hypertension, myocardial infarction and aortic dissection, may occur because of uncontrolled catecholamine release. Each stage of anaesthesia management has vital importance because of this destructive catecholamine secretion that may occur during induction, perioperative stage and surgical manipulation. In this study, we report regarding the preoperative preparation and severe, persistent hypertension attack management with a combination of α-adrenergic blockade, β-adrenergic blockade, sodium nitroprusside and remifentanil in a patient who underwent laparoscopic surgery for phaeochromocytoma. PMID:27366556

  4. Context-aware Augmented Reality in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Katić, Darko; Wekerle, Anna-Laura; Görtler, Jochen; Spengler, Patrick; Bodenstedt, Sebastian; Röhl, Sebastian; Suwelack, Stefan; Kenngott, Hannes Götz; Wagner, Martin; Müller-Stich, Beat Peter; Dillmann, Rüdiger; Speidel, Stefanie

    2013-03-01

    Augmented Reality is a promising paradigm for intraoperative assistance. Yet, apart from technical issues, a major obstacle to its clinical application is the man-machine interaction. Visualization of unnecessary, obsolete or redundant information may cause confusion and distraction, reducing usefulness and acceptance of the assistance system. We propose a system capable of automatically filtering available information based on recognized phases in the operating room. Our system offers a specific selection of available visualizations which suit the surgeon's needs best. The system was implemented for use in laparoscopic liver and gallbladder surgery and evaluated in phantom experiments in conjunction with expert interviews. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Pulmonary Embolism Following Laparoscopic Antireflux Surgery: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Luketich, James D.; Friedman, David M.; Ikramuddin, Sayeed; Schauer, Phil R.

    1999-01-01

    Deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are concerning causes of morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing general surgical procedures. Laparoscopic surgery has gained rapid acceptance in the past several years and is now a commonly performed procedure by most general surgeons. Multiple anecdotal reports of pulmonary embolism following laparoscopic cholecystectomy have been reported, but the true incidence of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery is not known. We present a case of pulmonary embolism following laparoscopic repair of paraesophageal hernia. The literature is then reviewed regarding the incidence of pulmonary embolism following laparoscopic surgery, the mechanism of deep venous thrombosis formation, and the recommendations for deep venous thrombosis prophylaxis in patients undergoing laparoscopic procedures. PMID:10444017

  6. Single Port Transumbilical Laparoscopic Surgery versus Conventional Laparoscopic Surgery for Benign Adnexal Masses: A Retrospective Study of Feasibility and Safety

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Si-Yun; Yin, Ling; Guan, Xiao-Ming; Xiao, Bing-Bing; Zhang, Yan; Delgado, Amanda

    2016-01-01

    Background: Single port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS) is an innovative approach that is rapidly gaining recognition worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility and safety of SPLS compared to conventional laparoscopic surgery for the treatment of benign adnexal masses. Methods: In total, 99 patients who underwent SPLS for benign adnexal masses between December 2013 and March 2015 were compared to a nonrandomized control group comprising 104 conventional laparoscopic adnexal surgeries that were performed during the same period. We retrospectively analyzed multiple clinical characteristics and operative outcomes of all the patients, including age, body mass index, size and pathological type of ovarian mass, operative time, estimated blood loss (EBL), duration of postoperative hospital stay, etc. Results: No significant difference was observed between the two groups regarding preoperative baseline characteristics. However, the pathological results between the two groups were found to be slightly different. The most common pathological type in the SPLS group was mature cystic teratoma, whereas endometrioma was more commonly seen in the control group. Otherwise, the two groups had comparable surgical outcomes, including the median operation time (51 min vs. 52 min, P = 0.909), the median decreased level of hemoglobin from preoperation to postoperation day 3 (10 g/L vs. 10 g/L, P = 0.795), and the median duration of postoperative hospital stay (3 days vs. 3 days, P = 0.168). In SPLS groups, the median EBL and the anal exsufflation time were significantly less than those of the conventional group (5 ml vs. 10 ml, P < 0.001; 10 h vs. 22 h, P < 0.001). Conclusions: SPLS is a feasible and safe approach for the treatment of benign adnexal masses. Further study is required to better determine whether SPLS has significant benefits compared to conventional techniques. PMID:27231167

  7. [Current status and future perspectives of robotic surgery and laparoscopic surgery for gastric cancer].

    PubMed

    Jiang, Zhi-wei; Li, Jie-shou

    2012-08-01

    Laparoscopic gastrectomy has not become a common procedure for gastric cancer due to the difficulties of performing D2 lymphadenectomy and reconstruction of digestive tract by the conventional laparoscopic instruments. The da Vinci system provides 3D visualization, enhanced magnification, and seven degrees of freedom of the instruments to suture and knot in the narrow surgical space, so it can perform totally robotic gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy and robot-sewing anastomosis for reconstruction. Application of robotic system can expand the indications of minimally invasive surgery in treatment of gastric cancer. Combination fast-track surgery to optimize the perioperative management with the technique of minimally invasive surgery can enhance the recovery of surgical gastric cancer patients.

  8. Laparoscopic surgery and muscle relaxants: is deep block helpful?

    PubMed

    Kopman, Aaron F; Naguib, Mohamed

    2015-01-01

    It has been hypothesized that providing deep neuromuscular block (a posttetanic count of 1 or more, but a train-of-four [TOF] count of zero) when compared with moderate block (TOF counts of 1-3) for laparoscopic surgery would allow for the use of lower inflation pressures while optimizing surgical space and enhancing patient safety. We conducted a literature search on 6 different medical databases using 3 search strategies in each database in an attempt to find data substantiating this proposition. In addition, we studied the reference lists of the articles retrieved in the search and of other relevant articles known to the authors. There is some evidence that maintaining low inflation pressures during intra-abdominal laparoscopic surgery may reduce postoperative pain. Unfortunately most of the studies that come to these conclusions give few if any details as to the anesthetic protocol or the management of neuromuscular block. Performing laparoscopic surgery under low versus standard pressure pneumoperitoneum is associated with no difference in outcome with respect to surgical morbidity, conversion to open cholecystectomy, hemodynamic effects, length of hospital stay, or patient satisfaction. There is a limit to what deep neuromuscular block can achieve. Attempts to perform laparoscopic cholecystectomy at an inflation pressure of 8 mm Hg are associated with a 40% failure rate even at posttetanic counts of 1 or less. Well-designed studies that ask the question "is deep block superior to moderate block vis-à-vis surgical operating conditions" are essentially nonexistent. Without exception, all the peer-reviewed studies we uncovered which state that they investigated this issue have such serious flaws in their protocols that the authors' conclusions are suspect. However, there is evidence that abdominal compliance was not increased by a significant amount when deep block was established when compared with moderate neuromuscular block. Maintenance of deep block for

  9. Physiopathology and clinical considerations of laparoscopic surgery in the elderly.

    PubMed

    Caglià, Pietro; Tracia, Angelo; Buffone, Antonino; Amodeo, Luca; Tracia, Luciano; Amodeo, Corrado; Veroux, Massimiliano

    2016-09-01

    The marked improvements in medical technology and healthcare, lead an increasing number of elderly patients to take advantage of even complex surgical. Recently, laparoscopic surgery has been accepted as a minimally invasive treatment to reduce the morbidity after conventional surgery, and a number of studies have demonstrated the feasibility of laparoscopy with significant advantages also in the elderly. On the other side, the laparoscopic procedure has some drawbacks, including prolonged operation time and impact of carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum on circulatory and respiratory dynamics. This paper will review the physiopathological implications of laparoscopy, as well as the current literature concerning the most common laparoscopic procedures that are increasingly performed in elderly patients. A systematic review of the current literature was performed using the search engines EMBASE and PubMed to identify all studies reporting the physiopathological implications of laparoscopy in the elderly. The MeSH search terms used were "laparoscopy in the elderly", "physiopathology of laparoscopy", and "pneumoperitoneum". Multiple combinations of the keywords and MeSH terms were used with particular reference to elderly patients. Although laparoscopy is minimally invasive in its dissection techniques, the increased physiologic demands present particular challenges among elderly patients. Laparoscopy and its safety in the elderly patients remains a challenge and the evaluation of this approach is therefore mandatory. Although many studies have demonstrated the applicability and advantages of the laparoscopy also in the geriatric population, with low rates of morbidity and mortality, in elderly patients undergoing general surgical procedures the physiologic demands of laparoscopy should be carefully considered. Copyright © 2016 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer: systematic reviews and economic evaluation.

    PubMed

    Murray, A; Lourenco, T; de Verteuil, R; Hernandez, R; Fraser, C; McKinley, A; Krukowski, Z; Vale, L; Grant, A

    2006-11-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of laparoscopic, laparoscopically assisted (hereafter together described as laparoscopic surgery) and hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS) in comparison with open surgery for the treatment of colorectal cancer. Electronic databases were searched from 2000 to May 2005. A review of economic evaluations was undertaken by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence in 2001. This review was updated from 2000 until July 2005. Data from selected studies were extracted and assessed. Dichotomous outcome data from individual trials were combined using the relative risk method and continuous outcomes were combined using the Mantel-Haenszel weighted mean difference method. Summaries of the results from individual patient data (IPD) meta-analyses were also presented. An economic evaluation was also carried out using a Markov model incorporating the data from the systematic review. The results were first presented as a balance sheet for comparison of the surgical techniques. It was then used to estimate cost-effectiveness measured in terms of incremental cost per life-year gained and incremental cost per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) for a time horizon up to 25 years. Forty-six reports on 20 studies [19 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and one IPD meta-analysis] were included in the review of clinical effectiveness. The RCTs were of generally moderate quality with the number of participants varying between 16 and 1082, with 10 having less than 100 participants. The total numbers of trial participants who underwent laparoscopic or open surgery were 2429 and 2139, respectively. A systematic review of four papers suggested that laparoscopic surgery is more costly than open surgery. However, the data they provided on effectiveness was poorer than the evidence from the review of effectiveness. The estimates from the systematic review of clinical effectiveness were

  11. Economics and the laparoscopic surgery learning curve: comparison with open surgery for rectosigmoid cancer.

    PubMed

    Park, Jun-Seok; Kang, Sung-Bum; Kim, Sung-Wook; Cheon, Gui-Neum

    2007-09-01

    Wide-ranging costs of laparoscopic surgery (LAP) are associated with variations in the experience levels of surgeons. There is no available report on the changes of economic outcomes relative to the LAP learning curve in the treatment of colorectal cancer. In the present study, we have compared changes in economic outcomes according to the LAP learning curve with the economic outcomes of open surgery (OS) for rectosigmoid cancer. A total of 197 patients with rectosigmoid cancer were included in this analysis; 116 received LAP and 81 received OS. Scatter of operative times demonstrated an early learning period of 37 cases in LAP. The following outcomes were compared between LAP and OS during the early learning period and experienced periods; operating room (OR) costs, OR-related hospital profit, total hospital charge, and patient payment. During the median interval of two periods according to the laparoscopic surgery learning curve, there was an inflation rate of about 10% on the medical charges such as operation, radiology, laboratory, and admission fee. Operating room costs were significantly higher after LAP during the two periods, but the median difference between LAP and OS decreased during the experienced period ($3,055 to $1,850). With increasing operative experience in LAP, the OR-related hospital deficit improved (-$1,072 to-$840). Total hospital charges were significantly higher for LAP than for OS in the early learning period (p < 0.05), but they were similar in the experienced period ($7,983/patient versus $7,045/patient, p > 0.05). During the experienced period, patients paid a lower surcharge for LAP ($1,885-$1,118). Total hospital charges for laparoscopic surgery were substantially higher than those of open surgery during the early learning period, but become similar during the experienced period. The shortening of the learning period is a critical factor for achieving cost-effective laparoscopic surgery.

  12. Host response to laparoscopic surgery: mechanisms and clinical correlates

    PubMed Central

    Hackam, David J.; Rotstein, Ori D.

    1998-01-01

    Minimal access surgery has revolutionized the treatment of a variety of surgical diseases, partly because it is associated with less patient morbidity than nonlaparoscopic surgical procedures. Emerging evidence suggests that alteration in the host response after laparoscopic procedures has significantly contributed to the improved postoperative course. Laparoscopy modulates both afferent stimuli (including tissue trauma, pain and wound size) and efferent responses (via neuroendocrine, metabolic, immunologic and cardiorespiratory systems). These effects lead to a decrease in postoperative pain, fever and disability. Laparoscopy mediates these effects through reduced wound size, the activities of endotoxin and immunomodulatory actions of the insufflated gas, resulting in impaired macrophage activity. Although clearly beneficial in reducing postoperative morbidity after elective surgery, this immunosuppression could increase the risk of complications during procedures for infection or neoplasia. PMID:9575992

  13. Forceps insertion supporting system in laparoscopic surgery: image projection onto the abdominal surface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koishi, Takeshi; Ushiki, Suguru; Nakaguchi, Toshiya; Hayashi, Hideki; Tsumura, Norimichi; Miyake, Yoichi

    2007-03-01

    Laparoscopic surgery without ventrotomy has been widely used in recent years for quick recovery and out of pain of patients. However, surgeons are required to accumulate various experiences for this surgery since the difficulty in perceiving the positions of tissues by the limited field of view (FOV) of laparoscopes and the operational difficulties of forceps. In this paper, we propose a new laparoscopic surgery supporting system using projected images. The image of the FOV of a laparoscope is projected directly onto the abdominal surface of a patient. The shape distortion of the projected images produced by the unevenness of the abdominal surface is corrected by grating projection. The distortion due to the viewing angle of the surgeon is also corrected by using an electromagnetic tracking sensor. It is shown that the proposed system is significant to laparoscopic surgery, particularly for forceps insertion, by experiments using a model of the abdomen made with a dry box.

  14. Solo surgeon single-port laparoscopic surgery with a homemade laparoscope-anchored instrument system in benign gynecologic diseases.

    PubMed

    Yang, Yun Seok; Kim, Seung Hyun; Jin, Chan Hee; Oh, Kwoan Young; Hur, Myung Haeng; Kim, Soo Young; Yim, Hyun Soon

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study was to present the initial operative experience of solo surgeon single-port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS) in the laparoscopic treatment of benign gynecologic diseases and to investigate its feasibility and surgical outcomes. Using a novel homemade laparoscope-anchored instrument system that consisted of a laparoscopic instrument attached to a laparoscope and a glove-wound retractor umbilical port, we performed solo surgeon SPLS in 13 patients between March 2011 and June 2012. Intraoperative complications and postoperative surgical outcomes were determined. The primary operative procedures performed were unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (n = 5), unilateral salpingectomy (n = 2), adhesiolysis (n = 1), and laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (n = 5). Additional surgical procedures included additional adhesiolysis (n = 4) and ovarian drilling (n = 1).The primary indications for surgery were benign ovarian tumors (n = 5), ectopic pregnancy (n = 2), pelvic adhesion (infertility) (n = 1), and benign uterine tumors (n = 5). Solo surgeon SPLS was successfully accomplished in all procedures without a laparoscopic assistant. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. Our laparoscope-anchored instrument system obviates the need for an additional laparoscopic assistant and enables SPLS to be performed by a solo surgeon. The findings show that with our system, solo surgeon SPLS is a feasible and safe alternative technique for the treatment of benign gynecologic diseases in properly selected patients. Copyright © 2014 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic surgery vs open surgery for transverse colon cancer: a retrospective multicenter study

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Jong Wan; Kim, Jeong Yeon; Kang, Byung Mo; Lee, Bong Hwa; Kim, Byung Chun; Park, Jun Ho

    2016-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of the present study was to compare the perioperative and oncologic outcomes between laparoscopic surgery and open surgery for transverse colon cancer. Patients and methods We conducted a retrospective review of patients who underwent surgery for transverse colon cancer at six Hallym University-affiliated hospitals between January 2005 and June 2015. The perioperative outcomes and oncologic outcomes were compared between laparoscopic and open surgery. Results Of 226 patients with transverse colon cancer, 103 underwent laparoscopic surgery and 123 underwent open surgery. There were no differences in the patient characteristics between the two groups. Regarding perioperative outcomes, the operation time was significantly longer in the laparoscopic group than in the open group (267.3 vs 172.7 minutes, P<0.001), but the time to soft food intake (6.0 vs 6.6 days, P=0.036) and the postoperative hospital stay (13.7 vs 15.7 days, P=0.018) were shorter in the laparoscopic group. The number of harvested lymph nodes was lower in the laparoscopic group than in the open group (20.3 vs 24.3, P<0.001). The 5-year overall survival (90.8% vs 88.6%, P=0.540) and disease-free survival (86.1% vs 78.9%, P=0.201) rates were similar in both groups. Conclusion The present study showed that laparoscopic surgery is associated with several perioperative benefits and similar oncologic outcomes to open surgery for the resection of transverse colon cancer. Therefore, laparoscopic surgery offers a safe alternative to open surgery in patients with transverse colon cancer. PMID:27143915

  16. Laparoscopic-endoscopic cooperative surgery is a safe and effective treatment for superficial nonampullary duodenal tumors.

    PubMed

    Kyuno, Daisuke; Ohno, Keisuke; Katsuki, Shinichi; Fujita, Tomoki; Konno, Ai; Murakami, Takeshi; Waga, Eriko; Takanashi, Kunihiro; Kitaoka, Keisuke; Komatsu, Yuya; Sasaki, Kazuaki; Hirata, Koichi

    2015-11-01

    The use of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for duodenal neoplasms has increased in recent years, but delayed perforation and bleeding are also known to frequently occur. We present two cases in which duodenal adenoma was successfully treated with laparoscopic-endoscopic cooperative surgery. ESD was combined with laparoscopic seromuscular sutures. The lesions in both cases were located in the second portion of the duodenum. The patients requested resection of the lesion, and we performed laparoscopic-endoscopic cooperative surgery. After the laparoscopic surgeon mobilized the duodenum, the endoscopic surgeon performed ESD for the duodenal tumor without perforation. The laparoscopic surgeon sutured the duodenal wall in the seromuscular layer to strengthen the ulcer bed after ESD. Histopathological studies confirmed that the surgical margins were tumor-free in both cases. The patients were discharged with no complications. This unique laparoscopic-endoscopic cooperative procedure is a safe and effective method for resecting superficial nonampullary duodenal tumors.

  17. [Weak evidence for the use of graduated elastic compression stockings by laparoscopic day surgery].

    PubMed

    Reza, Joan Anwar; Gögenur, Ismail; Rasmussen, Hans Morten Schnack

    2016-03-07

    Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are well-known complications after surgery. Despite the widespread use of graduated elastic compression stockings as a mechanical prophylaxis method against thromboembolic complications, data supporting their use for patients under-going laparoscopic surgery for benign conditions are sparse. In this paper, we address the evidence for the effectiveness of the stockings as a method of prophylaxis in laparoscopic day surgery.

  18. Binding pancreaticogastrostomy in laparoscopic central pancreatectomy: a novel technique in laparoscopic pancreatic surgery.

    PubMed

    Hong, Defei; Liu, Yingbin; Peng, Shuyou; Sun, Xiaodong; Wang, Zhifei; Cheng, Jian; Shen, Guoliang; Zhang, Yuanbiao; Huang, Dongsheng

    2016-02-01

    Even though more and more cases of laparoscopic central pancreatectomy (LCP) are reported (Machado et al. in Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 23(6):486-490, 2013; Hong et al. in World J Surg Oncol 10:223, 2012; Gonzalez et al. in JOP 14(3):273-276, 2013, Zhang et al. in J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 23(11):912-918, 2013; Sucandy et al. in N Am J Med Sci 2(9):438-441, 2010; Sa Cunha et al. in Surgery 142(3):405-409, 2007), the management for pancreatic stumps remains the most technically challenging part which is the same as in pancreatoduodenectomy (PD), making it the bottleneck for laparoscopic pancreatic surgery. In open surgery, various pancreatic reconstruction techniques designed for either pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) or pancreaticogastrostomy (PG) have been attempted to reduce the postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), including the binding anastomosis, invented by our team, i.e., binding PG (BPG) and binding PJ, which have been proved to be effective to reduce the POPF (Hong et al. 2012; Peng et al. in Ann Surg 245(5):692-698, 2007; Peng et al. in Updates Surg 63(2):69-74, 2011). However, despite of this, few reports are seen addressing such technique for laparoscopic surgery even though laparoscopic pancreatic surgery is more performed. After a previous successful laparoscopic BPG in a case of laparoscopic CP (LCP; Hong et al. 2012) and more than 50 cases of open PD and CP (Peng et al. 2011), we further performed laparoscopic BPG in 10 consecutive cases of LCP with satisfactory outcomes. To explore the feasibility and efficacy of LCP with BPG. Between October 2011 and July 2014, LCP with laparoscopic BPG was performed in ten consecutive patients with lesions of benign or low malignancy at the pancreatic neck. Operative and pathological data, complications, hospital stay and details on the surgical techniques were introduced. The operations were successfully performed in all the ten cases, with no conversions. The tumor size ranged from 2.0-3.0 to 2

  19. Systematic Review of Retraction Devices for Laparoscopic Surgery.

    PubMed

    Vargas-Palacios, Armando; Hulme, Claire; Veale, Thomas; Downey, Candice L

    2016-02-01

    Retraction plays a vital role in optimizing the field of vision in minimal-access surgery. As such, a number of devices have been marketed to aid the surgeon in laparoscopic retraction. This systematic review explores the advantages and disadvantages of the different instruments in order to aid surgeons and their institutions in selecting the appropriate device. Primary outcome measures include operation time, length of stay, use of staff, patient morbidity, ease of use, conversion rates to open surgery, and cost. Systematic literature searches were performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, Current Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials.gov. The search strategy focused on studies testing a retraction device. The selection process was based on a predefined set of inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were then extracted and analyzed. Out of 1360 papers initially retrieved, 12 articles were selected for data extraction and analysis. A total of 10 instruments or techniques were tested. Devices included the Nathanson's liver retractor, liver suspension tape, the V-List technique, a silicone disk with or without a snake retractor, the Endoloop, the Endograb, a magnetic retractor, the VaroLift, a laparoscope holder, and a retraction sponge. None of the instruments reported were associated with increased morbidity. No studies found increased rates of conversion to open surgery. All articles reported that the tested instruments might spare the use of an assistant during the procedure. It was not possible to determine the impact on length of stay or operation time. Each analyzed device facilitates retraction, providing a good field of view while allowing reduced staff numbers and minimal patient morbidity. Due to economic and environmental advantages, reusable devices may be preferable to disposable instruments, although the choice must be primarily based on clinical judgement. © The Author(s) 2015.

  20. Laparoscopic Stone Surgery With the Aid of Flexible Nephroscopy

    PubMed Central

    Jung, Jae Hyun; Cho, Sung Yong; Jeong, Chang Wook; Jeong, Hyeon; Son, Hwancheol; Woo, Seung Hyo; Kim, Dae Kyung; Min, Sun-Ho; Oh, Seung-June; Kim, Hyeon-Hoe

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To report the outcome of laparoscopic pyelo- and ureterolithotomies with the aid of flexible nephroscopy. Materials and Methods A retrospective analysis was performed in 71 patients with complex renal stones or large and impacted proximal ureteral stones. Patients underwent laparoscopic pyelo- or ureterolithotomies with or without the removal of small residual stones by use of flexible nephroscopy between July 2005 and July 2010. Operative success was defined as no residual stones in the intravenous pyelogram at 12 weeks postoperatively. Perioperative results and surgical outcomes were analyzed. Results The patients' mean age was 54.7±13.7 years, and 53 males (74.6%) and 18 females (25.4%) were included. The mean maximal stone size was 19.4±9.4 mm. A total of 47 cases were complex renal stones and 24 cases were impacted ureteral stones. Mean operative time was 139.0±63.7 minutes. Stones were completely removed in 61 cases (85.9%), and no further ancillary treatment was needed for clinically insignificant residual fragments in 7 cases (9.9%). For complex renal stones, the complete stone-free rate and clinically significant stone-free rate were 80.9% and 93.6%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that the use of flexible nephroscopy for complex renal stones can reduce the risk of residual stones. A major complication occurred in one case, in which open conversion was performed. Conclusions Laparoscopic stone surgery is a safe and minimally invasive procedure with a high success rate, especially with the aid of flexible nephroscopy, and is not associated with procedure-specific complications. PMID:25045447

  1. Laparoscopic stone surgery with the aid of flexible nephroscopy.

    PubMed

    Jung, Jae Hyun; Cho, Sung Yong; Jeong, Chang Wook; Jeong, Hyeon; Son, Hwancheol; Woo, Seung Hyo; Kim, Dae Kyung; Min, Sun-Ho; Oh, Seung-June; Kim, Hyeon-Hoe; Lee, Seung Bae

    2014-07-01

    To report the outcome of laparoscopic pyelo- and ureterolithotomies with the aid of flexible nephroscopy. A retrospective analysis was performed in 71 patients with complex renal stones or large and impacted proximal ureteral stones. Patients underwent laparoscopic pyelo- or ureterolithotomies with or without the removal of small residual stones by use of flexible nephroscopy between July 2005 and July 2010. Operative success was defined as no residual stones in the intravenous pyelogram at 12 weeks postoperatively. Perioperative results and surgical outcomes were analyzed. The patients' mean age was 54.7±13.7 years, and 53 males (74.6%) and 18 females (25.4%) were included. The mean maximal stone size was 19.4±9.4 mm. A total of 47 cases were complex renal stones and 24 cases were impacted ureteral stones. Mean operative time was 139.0±63.7 minutes. Stones were completely removed in 61 cases (85.9%), and no further ancillary treatment was needed for clinically insignificant residual fragments in 7 cases (9.9%). For complex renal stones, the complete stone-free rate and clinically significant stone-free rate were 80.9% and 93.6%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that the use of flexible nephroscopy for complex renal stones can reduce the risk of residual stones. A major complication occurred in one case, in which open conversion was performed. Laparoscopic stone surgery is a safe and minimally invasive procedure with a high success rate, especially with the aid of flexible nephroscopy, and is not associated with procedure-specific complications.

  2. The status of augmented reality in laparoscopic surgery as of 2016.

    PubMed

    Bernhardt, Sylvain; Nicolau, Stéphane A; Soler, Luc; Doignon, Christophe

    2017-04-01

    This article establishes a comprehensive review of all the different methods proposed by the literature concerning augmented reality in intra-abdominal minimally invasive surgery (also known as laparoscopic surgery). A solid background of surgical augmented reality is first provided in order to support the survey. Then, the various methods of laparoscopic augmented reality as well as their key tasks are categorized in order to better grasp the current landscape of the field. Finally, the various issues gathered from these reviewed approaches are organized in order to outline the remaining challenges of augmented reality in laparoscopic surgery. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. A simple application technique of fibrin-coated collagen fleece (TachoComb) in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Nakajima, Kiyokazu; Yasumasa, Keigo; Endo, Shunji; Takahashi, Tsuyoshi; Kai, Yasuyuki; Nezu, Riichiro; Nishida, Toshirou

    2007-01-01

    A fibrin-coated collagen fleece (TachoComb, Nycomed, Denmark) is a powerful topical hemostatic agent, which has been aggressively used in conventional open surgery with a favorable clinical outcome. However, the use of TachoComb in laparoscopic surgery has not yet gained wide clinical acceptance, because a simple and well-functioning application system is not available. The authors have newly developed a quick, simple, and effective laparoscopic TachoComb application technique: housing a small strip of TachoComb in a rubber tube, then conveying it into the peritoneal cavity, and applying it using standard laparoscopic forceps. The repeated application of TachoComb strips is feasible and of practical value especially in laparoscopic surgery, since a small TachoComb never compromises either the application procedure or laparoscopic visualization.

  4. Laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of incarcerated indirect inguinal hernia in children

    PubMed Central

    Yin, Yiyu; Zhang, Hongwei; Zhang, Xiang; Sun, Fang; Zou, Huaxin; Cao, Hui; Wen, Cheng

    2016-01-01

    We aimed to explore the feasibility and the safety of the laparoscopic surgery for incarcerated indirect inguinal hernia (IIH) in children. From January 2012 to December 2014, 64 children were enrolled into this study. All 64 patients received laparoscopic surgery and we reviewed their perioperative and postoperative follow-up studies. In addition, we enrolled 60 cases of children who received traditional surgery of IIH administered through minimally invasive surgery as the control group. Results from the present study showed that the mean operation time for the laparoscopic group was 41.5 min (range, 15–80 min) which was significantly shorter than the control group. Nine cases developed incarcerated intestine necrosis, expanded umbilical incision and parallel resection anastomosis. They received laparoscopic hernia sac high ligation. Only 5 cases developed scrotum edema after the surgery. The postoperative length of the stay ranged from 2 to 7 days (average, 3.2). The postoperative follow-up was from 6 months to 1 year and no relapse or secondary testicular atrophy was observed in the laparoscopic group. The operation time, incidence of postoperative complications and length of stay in the laparoscopic group were decreased compared to the control group, and differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). In conclusion, laparoscopic surgery treatment for incarcerated inguinal hernia is safe and feasible and produced better results compared with the alternative. PMID:28105089

  5. Virtual reality simulators and training in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Yiannakopoulou, Eugenia; Nikiteas, Nikolaos; Perrea, Despina; Tsigris, Christos

    2015-01-01

    Virtual reality simulators provide basic skills training without supervision in a controlled environment, free of pressure of operating on patients. Skills obtained through virtual reality simulation training can be transferred on the operating room. However, relative evidence is limited with data available only for basic surgical skills and for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. No data exist on the effect of virtual reality simulation on performance on advanced surgical procedures. Evidence suggests that performance on virtual reality simulators reliably distinguishes experienced from novice surgeons Limited available data suggest that independent approach on virtual reality simulation training is not different from proctored approach. The effect of virtual reality simulators training on acquisition of basic surgical skills does not seem to be different from the effect the physical simulators. Limited data exist on the effect of virtual reality simulation training on the acquisition of visual spatial perception and stress coping skills. Undoubtedly, virtual reality simulation training provides an alternative means of improving performance in laparoscopic surgery. However, future research efforts should focus on the effect of virtual reality simulation on performance in the context of advanced surgical procedure, on standardization of training, on the possibility of synergistic effect of virtual reality simulation training combined with mental training, on personalized training. Copyright © 2014 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Ergonomic factors on task performance in laparoscopic surgery training.

    PubMed

    Xiao, D J; Jakimowicz, Jack J; Albayrak, A; Goossens, R H M

    2012-05-01

    This paper evaluates the effect of ergonomic factors on task performance and trainee posture during laparoscopic surgery training. Twenty subjects without laparoscopic experience were allotted into 2 groups. Group 1 was trained under the optimal ergonomic simulation setting according to current ergonomic guidelines (Condition A). Group 2 was trained under non-optimal ergonomic simulation setting that can often be observed during training in a skills lab (Condition B). Posture analysis showed that the subjects held a much more neutral posture under Condition A than under Condition B (p<0.001). The subjects had less joint excursion and experienced less discomfort in their neck, shoulders, and arms under Condition A. Significant difference in task performance between Conditions A and B (p<0.05) was found. This study shows that the optimal ergonomic simulation setting leads to better task performance. In addition, no significant differences of task performance, for Groups 1 and 2 using the same test setting were found. However, better performance was observed for Group 1. It can be concluded that the optimal and non-optimal training setting have different learning effects on trainees' skill learning.

  7. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery: recent advances in urology.

    PubMed

    Autorino, Riccardo; Zargar, Homayoun; Kaouk, Jihad H

    2014-10-01

    The aim of the present review is to summarize recent developments in the field of urologic robotic surgery. A nonsystematic literature review was performed to retrieve publications related to robotic surgery in urology and evidence-based critical analysis was conducted by focusing on the literature of the past 5 years. The use of the da Vinci Surgical System, a robotic surgical system, has been implemented for the entire spectrum of extirpative and reconstructive laparoscopic kidney procedures. The robotic approach can be applied for a range of adrenal indications as well as for ureteral diseases, including benign and malignant conditions affecting the proximal, mid, and distal ureter. Current evidence suggests that robotic prostatectomy is associated with less blood loss compared with the open surgery. Besides prostate cancer, robotics has been used for simple prostatectomy in patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia. Recent studies suggest that minimally invasive radical cystectomy provides encouraging oncologic outcomes mirroring those reported for open surgery. In recent years, the evolution of robotic surgery has enabled urologic surgeons to perform urinary diversions intracorporeally. Robotic vasectomy reversal and several other robotic andrological applications are being explored. In summary, robotic-assisted surgery is an emerging and safe technology for most urologic operations. The acceptance of robotic prostatectomy during the past decade has paved the way for urologists to explore the entire spectrum of extirpative and reconstructive urologic procedures. Cost remains a significant issue that could be solved by wider dissemination of the technology. Copyright © 2014 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Poor Health Behaviors Prior to Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery.

    PubMed

    Oved, Irit; Vaiman, Inbal Markovitz; Hod, Keren; Mardy-Tilbor, Limor; Torban, Yakov; Dagan, Shiri Sherf

    2017-02-01

    Identifying eating and lifestyle behaviors prior to bariatric surgery may assist in better selecting and preparing patients and might lead to improved success rate. The current study aimed to assess eating behaviors and lifestyle trends among laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) candidates and to compare those trends between genders. This descriptive study was conducted in the bariatric clinic at the Haifa Assuta Medical Center. Data was gathered from medical records of LSG candidates that were evaluated before surgery in our institution between 2008 and 2011. The data included demographics, comorbidities, anthropometrics, weight management history, and lifestyle parameters. Eating pattern and eating habits were determined by eating habits questionnaires. A total of 266 LSG surgery candidates (71.4 % female) with an average age of 40.7 ± 10.9 years and pre-surgery BMI of 42.4 ± 4.8 kg/m(2) were studied. More than half of the patients have family history of obesity and their onset of obesity was before the age of 18 years (54.5 and 57.9 %, respectively). Most of the patients reported on poor eating habits and sedentary lifestyle: 65.1 % do not eat regular meals, 70.3 % skip over breakfast, 61.9 % presented loss of control eating, 45 % frequently consume sweets, and 80.1 % were classified as none active. There were no differences in eating patterns or lifestyle parameters between genders. High occurrence of unhealthy eating habits and a non-active lifestyle were detected in morbid obese candidates for LSG surgery. More efforts should be directed towards nutritional and lifestyle education prior to the surgery.

  9. [Experience with laparoscopic surgery for adnexal masses at the Regional Hospital of Temuco, Chile].

    PubMed

    Celis, R; Sierralta, P; Valdés, P; Leiva, A; Soto, E

    1999-06-01

    Laparoscopic surgery has clear advantages over open surgical procedures. In gynecology, laparoscopic surgery for adnexal masses in pre or post menopausal women has been used for several years. To report the experience with gynecologic laparoscopic surgery at the Temuco Regional Hospital. Between 1996 and 1998, laparoscopic surgery was done in 96 patients aged 16 to 56 years and open surgery in 56 patients aged 15 to 74 years, with a clinical or ultrasound diagnosis of adnexal masses or ovarian dermoid cysts. The most frequent tumors excised were epithelial and germinal cell. Laparoscopic surgery required a mean operative time of 69.9 min and it had a 3.1% of complications. Women subjected to this type of surgery had a mean hospital stay of 3.1 days and the mean postoperative stay was 2 days. Open surgery required an operative time of 69 min and it had no postoperative complications. The mean hospital stay for women subjected to this type of procedure was 9.5 days. Women subjected to laparoscopic surgical procedures for adnexal masses had a shorter hospital stay than women subjected to open surgical procedures.

  10. Hand-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery for a Mesenteric Teratoma

    PubMed Central

    Koyama, Shinsuke; Shiki, Yasuhiko

    2014-01-01

    Mature cystic teratomas are benign neoplasms of germ cell tumors that occur most frequently in gonadal sites. The tumors usually contain 2 or 3 well-differentiated elements of endodermal, ectodermal, and mesodermal origin. Although relatively uncommon, teratomas can be composed of mature tissue originating from only 1 germ cell layer. This is known as a monodermal teratoma. Extragonadal teratomas, especially mesenteric teratomas, are extremely rare. Currently, only 21 cases of mesenteric teratoma have been described in the English literature. Mesenteric teratomas are rarely diagnosed preoperatively because pathological examination is necessary to make a definitive diagnosis. We herein report a rare case of mesenteric monodermal teratoma and review the literature. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of mesenteric teratoma treated with hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery. PMID:24680163

  11. The aching surgeon: a survey of physical discomfort and symptoms following open, laparoscopic, and robotic surgery.

    PubMed

    Plerhoples, Timothy A; Hernandez-Boussard, Tina; Wren, Sherry M

    2012-03-01

    There is increasing interest in understanding the toll that operating takes on a surgeon's body. The effect of robotic surgery on surgeon discomfort has not been studied. We sought to document the discomfort of robotic surgery compared with open and laparoscopic surgery and to investigate the factors that affect the risk of physical symptoms. Nineteen-thousand eight-hundred and sixty-eight surgeons from all specialties trained in the use of robots were sent a 26-question online survey and 1,407 responded. One-thousand two-hundred and fifteen surgeons who practiced all three approaches were used in the analysis. Eight-hundred and seventy-one surgeons had physical discomfort or symptoms attributable to operating. Of those with symptoms, 55.4% attributed most of the symptoms to laparoscopic surgery, 36.3% to open surgery, and 8.3% to robotic surgery. A higher case load was predictive of increased symptoms for open and laparoscopic surgery, but not for robotic surgery. Robotic surgery was less likely than open or laparoscopic surgery to lead to neck, back, hip, knee, ankle, foot, and shoulder pain and less likely than laparoscopic surgery to lead to elbow and wrist pain. Robotic surgery was more likely than either open or laparoscopic surgery to lead to eye pain, and more likely than open surgery to lead to finger pain. Nearly a third (30.3%) of surgeons admit to giving consideration to their own discomfort when choosing an operative modality. Robotic surgery has promise in reducing the risk of physical discomfort for the operator. This is important as more surgeons consider their own health when choosing a surgical modality.

  12. Virtual Interactive Suturing for the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS).

    PubMed

    Qi, Di; Panneerselvam, Karthikeyan; Ahn, Woojin; Arikatla, Venkata; Enquobahrie, Andinet; De, Suvranu

    2017-09-22

    Suturing with intracorporeal knot-tying is one of the five tasks of the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS), which is a pre-requisite for board certification in general surgery. This task involves placing a short suture through two marks in a penrose drain and then tying a double-throw knot followed by two single-throw knots using two needle graspers operated by both hands. A virtual basic laparoscopic skill trainer (VBLaST(©)) is being developed to represent the virtual versions of the FLS tasks, including automated, real time performance measurement and feedback. In this paper, we present the development of a VBLaST suturing simulator (VBLaST-SS(©)). Developing such a simulator involves solving multiple challenges associated with fast collision detection, response and force feedback. In this paper, we present a novel projection-intersection based knot detection method, which can identify the validity of different types of knots at haptic update rates. A simple and robust edge-edge based collision detection algorithm is introduced to support interactive knot tying and needle insertion operations. A bimanual hardware interface integrates actual surgical instruments with haptic devices enabling not only interactive rendering of force feedback but also realistic sensation of needle grasping, which realizes an immersive surgical suturing environment. Experiments on performing the FLS intracorporeal suturing task show that the simulator is able to run on a standard personal computer at interactive rates. VBLaST-SS(©) is a computer-based interactive virtual simulation system for FLS intracorporeal knot-tying suturing task that can provide real-time objective assessment for the user's performance. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  13. [Prostatectomy-pros and cons on open surgery/laparoscopic surgery/robot-assisted surgery].

    PubMed

    Abe, Mitsuhiro; Kawano, Yoshiyuki; Kameyama, Shuji

    2011-12-01

    We have 3 options when perfoming prostatectomy for the treatment of localized prostate cancer. Those are retropubic radical prostatectomy, laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. We compared the characteristics and results of these techniques. Robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy could be superior to the others in many ways. However, it would be very difficult to adopt it in Japan because it would pose economical difficulties. The administrative assistance in the insurance systems requireds much more than we have.

  14. Single-Access Laparoscopic Surgery for Ileal Disease

    PubMed Central

    Moftah, Mohamed; Burke, John; Narendra, Aaditya; Cahill, Ronan A.

    2012-01-01

    Aim. Single-access laparoscopic surgery (SALS) can be effective for benign and malignant diseases of the ileum in both the elective and urgent setting. Methods. Ten consecutive, nonselected patients with ileal disease requiring surgery over a twelve month period were included. All had a preoperative abdominopelvic computerized tomogram. Peritoneal access was achieved via a single transumbilical incision and a “surgical glove port” utilized as our preferred access device. With the pneumoperitoneum established, the relevant ileal loop was located using standard rigid instruments. For ileal resection, anastomosis, or enterotomy, the site of pathology was delivered and addressed extracorporeally. Result. The median (range) age of the patients was 42.5 (22–78) years, and the median body mass index was 22 (20.2–28) kg/m2. Procedures included tru-cut biopsy of an ileal mesenteric mass, loop ileostomy and ileotomy for impacted gallstone extraction as well as ileal (n = 3) and ileocaecal resection (n = 4). Mean (range) incision length was 2.5 (2–5) cm. All convalescences were uncomplicated. Conclusions. These preliminary results show that SALS is an efficient and safe modality for the surgical management of ileal disease with all the advantages of minimal access surgery and without requiring a significant increase in theatre resource or cost or incurring extra patient morbidity. PMID:22530116

  15. Virtual reality training and assessment in laparoscopic rectum surgery.

    PubMed

    Pan, Jun J; Chang, Jian; Yang, Xiaosong; Liang, Hui; Zhang, Jian J; Qureshi, Tahseen; Howell, Robert; Hickish, Tamas

    2015-06-01

    Virtual-reality (VR) based simulation techniques offer an efficient and low cost alternative to conventional surgery training. This article describes a VR training and assessment system in laparoscopic rectum surgery. To give a realistic visual performance of interaction between membrane tissue and surgery tools, a generalized cylinder based collision detection and a multi-layer mass-spring model are presented. A dynamic assessment model is also designed for hierarchy training evaluation. With this simulator, trainees can operate on the virtual rectum with both visual and haptic sensation feedback simultaneously. The system also offers surgeons instructions in real time when improper manipulation happens. The simulator has been tested and evaluated by ten subjects. This prototype system has been verified by colorectal surgeons through a pilot study. They believe the visual performance and the tactile feedback are realistic. It exhibits the potential to effectively improve the surgical skills of trainee surgeons and significantly shorten their learning curve. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  16. Laparoscopic colorectal surgery: Current status and implementation of the latest technological innovations

    PubMed Central

    Pascual, Marta; Salvans, Silvia; Pera, Miguel

    2016-01-01

    The introduction of laparoscopy is an example of surgical innovation with a rapid implementation in many areas of surgery. A large number of controlled studies and meta-analyses have shown that laparoscopic colorectal surgery is associated with the same benefits than other minimally invasive procedures, including lesser pain, earlier recovery of bowel transit and shorter hospital stay. On the other hand, despite initial concerns about oncological safety, well-designed prospective randomized multicentre trials have demonstrated that oncological outcomes of laparoscopy and open surgery are similar. Although the use of laparoscopy in colorectal surgery has increased in recent years, the percentages of patients treated with surgery using minimally invasive techniques are still reduced and there are also substantial differences among centres. It has been argued that the limiting factor for the use of laparoscopic procedures is the number of surgeons with adequate skills to perform a laparoscopic colectomy rather than the tumour of patients’ characteristics. In this regard, future efforts to increase the use of laparoscopic techniques in colorectal surgery will necessarily require more efforts in teaching surgeons. We here present a review of recent controversies of the use of laparoscopy in colorectal surgery, such as in rectal cancer operations, the possibility of reproducing complete mesocolon excision, and the benefits of intra-corporeal anastomosis after right hemicolectomy. We also describe the results of latest innovations such as single incision laparoscopic surgery, robotic surgery and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery for colon and rectal diseases. PMID:26811618

  17. Laparoscopic colorectal surgery: Current status and implementation of the latest technological innovations.

    PubMed

    Pascual, Marta; Salvans, Silvia; Pera, Miguel

    2016-01-14

    The introduction of laparoscopy is an example of surgical innovation with a rapid implementation in many areas of surgery. A large number of controlled studies and meta-analyses have shown that laparoscopic colorectal surgery is associated with the same benefits than other minimally invasive procedures, including lesser pain, earlier recovery of bowel transit and shorter hospital stay. On the other hand, despite initial concerns about oncological safety, well-designed prospective randomized multicentre trials have demonstrated that oncological outcomes of laparoscopy and open surgery are similar. Although the use of laparoscopy in colorectal surgery has increased in recent years, the percentages of patients treated with surgery using minimally invasive techniques are still reduced and there are also substantial differences among centres. It has been argued that the limiting factor for the use of laparoscopic procedures is the number of surgeons with adequate skills to perform a laparoscopic colectomy rather than the tumour of patients' characteristics. In this regard, future efforts to increase the use of laparoscopic techniques in colorectal surgery will necessarily require more efforts in teaching surgeons. We here present a review of recent controversies of the use of laparoscopy in colorectal surgery, such as in rectal cancer operations, the possibility of reproducing complete mesocolon excision, and the benefits of intra-corporeal anastomosis after right hemicolectomy. We also describe the results of latest innovations such as single incision laparoscopic surgery, robotic surgery and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery for colon and rectal diseases.

  18. Open surgery versus retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy for renal tuberculosis: a retrospective study of 120 patients

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Cheng; Xiong, Hu; Fu, Sheng-Jun

    2016-01-01

    Background Laparoscopic renal surgery has been widely used in the treatment of renal diseases. However, there is still little research about its application in addressing renal tuberculosis. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively investigate the surgical results of laparoscopic and open surgery for nonfunctional tuberculous kidneys. Methods Between May 2011 and June 2016, 120 nephrectomies were performed in patients with a nonfunctional tuberculous kidney. Of these, 69 patients underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy, and 51 patients underwent open nephrectomy. Data about the patients’ characteristics and surgical outcomes were collected from their electronic medical records. Outcomes were compared between these two groups. Results Our results showed that a number of renal tuberculosis patients presented no significant symptoms during their disease. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) were the most common at a rate of 73/120, followed by flank pain or accidently discovery (66/120), urine abnormality (30/120) and fever (27/120). Patients who underwent open surgery were similar to laparoscopic patients with regard to sex, BMI, location, previous tuberculous history, grade, anemia, adhesion, hypertension, diabetes and preoperative serum creatinine level, but were generally older than laparoscopic patients. There were no significant differences between open and laparoscopic surgery in estimated blood loss, transfusion, postoperative hospital days and perioperative complication rate. However, the median operation time of laparoscopic operation was much longer than open surgery (180 [150–225] vs 135 [120–165] minutes, P < 0.01). Seven of the 69 laparoscopic operations were converted to open surgery because of severe adhesions. Conclusion Laparoscopic nephrectomy is as an effective treatment as open surgery for a nonfunctional tuberculous kidney, although it requires more time during the surgical procedure. No significant differences in other

  19. A novel locally operated master-slave robot system for single-incision laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Horise, Yuki; Matsumoto, Toshinobu; Ikeda, Hiroki; Nakamura, Yuta; Yamasaki, Makoto; Sawada, Genta; Tsukao, Yukiko; Nakahara, Yujiro; Yamamoto, Masaaki; Takiguchi, Shuji; Doki, Yuichiro; Mori, Masaki; Miyazaki, Fumio; Sekimoto, Mitsugu; Kawai, Toshikazu; Nishikawa, Atsushi

    2014-12-01

    Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) provides more cosmetic benefits than conventional laparoscopic surgery but presents operational difficulties. To overcome this technical problem, we have developed a locally operated master-slave robot system that provides operability and a visual field similar to conventional laparoscopic surgery. A surgeon grasps the master device with the left hand, which is placed above the abdominal wall, and holds a normal instrument with the right hand. A laparoscope, a slave robot, and the right-sided instrument are inserted through one incision. The slave robot is bent in the body cavity and its length, pose, and tip angle are changed by manipulating the master device; thus the surgeon has almost the same operability as with normal laparoscopic surgery. To evaluate our proposed system, we conducted a basic task and an ex vivo experiment. In basic task experiments, the average object-passing task time was 9.50 sec (SILS cross), 22.25 sec (SILS parallel), and 7.23 sec (proposed SILS). The average number of instrument collisions was 3.67 (SILS cross), 14 (SILS parallel), and 0.33 (proposed SILS). In the ex vivo experiment, we confirmed the applicability of our system for single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We demonstrated that our proposed robot system is useful for single-incision laparoscopic surgery.

  20. Laparoscopic surgery for benign and malign diseases of the digestive system: indications, limitations, and evidence.

    PubMed

    Küper, Markus Alexander; Eisner, Friederike; Königsrainer, Alfred; Glatzle, Jörg

    2014-05-07

    The laparoscopic technique was introduced in gastrointestinal surgery in the mid 1980s. Since then, the development of this technique has been extraordinary. Triggered by technical innovations (stapling devices or coagulation/dissecting devices), nowadays any type of gastrointestinal resection has been successfully performed laparoscopically and can be performed laparoscopically dependent on the patient's condition. This summary gives an overview over 30 years of laparoscopic surgery with focus on today's indications and evidence. Main indications remain the more common procedures, e.g., appendectomy, cholecystectomy, bariatric procedures or colorectal resections. For all these indications, the laparoscopic approach has become the gold standard with less perioperative morbidity. Regarding oncological outcome there have been several high-quality randomized controlled trials which demonstrated equivalency between laparoscopic and open colorectal resections. Less common procedures like esophagectomy, oncological gastrectomy, liver and pancreatic resections can be performed successfully as well by an experienced surgeon. However, the evidence for these special indications is poor and a general recommendation cannot be given. In conclusion, laparoscopic surgery has revolutionized the field of gastrointestinal surgery by reducing perioperative morbidity without disregarding surgical principles especially in oncological surgery.

  1. Warm-up on a simulator improves residents' performance in laparoscopic surgery: a randomized trial.

    PubMed

    Chen, Chi Chiung Grace; Green, Isabel C; Colbert-Getz, Jorie M; Steele, Kimberly; Chou, Betty; Lawson, Shari M; Andersen, Dana K; Satin, Andrew J

    2013-10-01

    Our aim was to assess the impact of immediate preoperative laparoscopic warm-up using a simulator on intraoperative laparoscopic performance by gynecologic residents. Eligible laparoscopic cases performed for benign, gynecologic indications were randomized to be performed with or without immediate preoperative warm-up. Residents randomized to warm-up performed a brief set of standardized exercises on a laparoscopic trainer immediately before surgery. Intraoperative performance was scored using previously validated global rating scales. Assessment was made immediately after surgery by attending faculty who were blinded to the warm-up randomization. We randomized 237 residents to 47 minor laparoscopic cases (adnexal/ tubal surgery) and 44 to major laparoscopic cases (hysterectomy). Overall, attendings rated upper-level resident performances (postgraduate year [PGY-3, 4]) significantly higher on global rating scales than lower-level resident performances (PGY-1, 2). Residents who performed warm-up exercises prior to surgery were rated significantly higher on all subscales within each global rating scale, irrespective of the difficulty of the surgery. Most residents felt that performing warm-up exercises helped their intraoperative performances. Performing a brief warm-up exercise before a major or minor laparoscopic procedure significantly improved the intraoperative performance of residents irrespective of the difficulty of the case.

  2. [Fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery in Colombia using telesimulation: an effective educational tool for distance learning].

    PubMed

    Henao, Óscar; Escallón, Jaime; Green, Jessica; Farcas, Mónica; Sierra, Juan Manuel; Sánchez, William; Okrainec, Allan

    2013-01-01

    The Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery program is an educational program developed by the Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons, which includes a handson skills training component, a cognitive component, and an assessment component for laparoscopic surgery. Its main objective is to provide surgical residents and practicing surgeons with the opportunity to learn fundamental skills and obtain the theoretical knowledge required to perform laparoscopic surgery, guaranteeing a better performance in the operating room, and thus, improving patient security. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of telesimulation for teaching the Fundamentals of Laparosopic Surgery program in Colombia. Twenty participants (ten general surgeons and ten general surgery residents) in two cities in Colombia participated in eight weekly telesimulation sessions. Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery scores were obtained for each participant before the telesimulation sessions (pre-test scores) and after telesimulation training was completed (post-test scores). Using scoring parameters developed by the Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons, we found a significant improvement between pre-test and post-test scores. All the participants passed the skills component of the course. This study evidences the effectiveness of telesimulation to improve the laparoscopic skills of the participants who had no previous knowledge of the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery program, which guaranteed obtaining the necessary score for approving the practical component of the program.

  3. [Continuous development of laparoscopic surgery for gastrointestinal carcinoma based on process optimization and technical innovation].

    PubMed

    Su, Xiangqian; Yang, Hong

    2014-08-01

    With process optimization and technical innovation, laparoscopic gastrointestinal surgery has evolved dramatically over the last two decades and provided important improvement in the contemporary surgical practice and patients' recovery. With the emergence of many new minimally invasive technologies, including total laparoscopic surgery, single-incision laparoscopic surgery, and natural orifice specimen extraction, patents with gastrointestinal carcinomas may experience less pain and have lower perioperative complications, but the exact efficacy remains to be proven. Large-scale international multi-centre randomized controlled trial data have revealed that laparoscopic colorectal surgery is safe both in terms of short-term perioperative outcomes and long-term oncological efficacy. However, the question whether there is an equivalent oncological outcome compared to the open approach in gastric cancer is still unanswered by now and needs to be proven by future studies.

  4. Systematic Video Documentation in Laparoscopic Colon Surgery Using a Checklist: A Feasibility and Compliance Pilot Study.

    PubMed

    O'Mahoney, Paul R A; Trencheva, Koiana; Zhuo, Changhua; Shukla, Parul J; Lee, Sang W; Sonoda, Toyooki; Milsom, Jeffrey W

    2015-09-01

    High-quality images can be readily captured during laparoscopic colon surgery, but there are no guidelines for documentation of these video data or how to best measure surgical quality from an operative video. This study evaluates the feasibility and compliance in documenting key steps during laparoscopic right hemicolectomy and sigmoid colectomy. A retrospective review of previously recorded videos of patients undergoing laparoscopic right hemicolectomy or sigmoid colectomy from September to December 2011 in a single institution was performed. Patients' demographics, intraoperative features, postoperative complications, and variables for video recording and editing were collected. Compliance of key surgical steps was assessed using a checklist by two independent surgeons. Sixteen laparoscopic operations (seven right hemicolectomies and nine sigmoid colectomies) were recorded. Twelve (75%) were laparoscopic-assisted, and four (25%) were hand-assisted laparoscopic operations. Compliance with key surgical steps in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy and sigmoid colectomy was demonstrated in the majority of patients, with steps ranging in compliance from 42.9% to 100% and from 77.8% to 100%, respectively. The edited video had a median duration of 3 minutes 47 seconds (range, 1 minute 44 seconds-5 minutes 38 seconds) with a production time of nearly 1 hour and a resolution of 1440 × 1080 pixels. Key surgical steps during laparoscopic right hemicolectomy and sigmoid colectomy can be documented and edited into a short representative video. Standardization of this process should allow video documentation to improve quality in laparoscopic colon surgery.

  5. Laparoscopic-endoscopic cooperative surgery for gastric submucosal tumors

    PubMed Central

    Kang, Wei-Ming; Yu, Jian-Chun; Ma, Zhi-Qiang; Zhao, Zi-Ran; Meng, Qing-Bin; Ye, Xin

    2013-01-01

    AIM: To assess the feasibility, safety, and advantages of minimally invasive laparoscopic-endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS) for gastric submucosal tumors (SMT). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 101 consecutive patients, who had undergone partial, proximal, or distal gastrectomy using LECS for gastric SMT at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from June 2006 to April 2013. All patients were followed up by visit or telephone. Clinical data, surgical approach, pathological features such as the size, location, and pathological type of each tumor; and follow-up results were analyzed. The feasibility, safety and effectiveness of LECS for gastric SMT were evaluated, especially for patients with tumors located near the cardia or pylorus. RESULTS: The 101 patients included 43 (42.6%) men and 58 (57.4%) women, with mean age of 51.2 ± 13.1 years (range, 14-76 years). The most common symptom was belching. Almost all (n = 97) patients underwent surgery with preservation of the cardia and pylorus, with the other four patients undergoing proximal or distal gastrectomy. The mean distance from the lesion to the cardia or pylorus was 3.4 ± 1.3 cm, and the minimum distance from the tumor edge to the cardia was 1.5 cm. Tumor pathology included gastrointestinal stromal tumor in 78 patients, leiomyoma in 13, carcinoid tumors in three, ectopic pancreas in three, lipoma in two, glomus tumor in one, and inflammatory pseudotumor in one. Tumor size ranged from 1 to 8.2 cm, with 65 (64.4%) lesions < 2 cm, 32 (31.7%) > 2 cm, and four > 5 cm. Sixty-six lesions (65.3%) were located in the fundus, 21 (20.8%) in the body, 10 (9.9%) in the antrum, three (3.0%) in the cardia, and one (1.0%) in the pylorus. During a median follow-up of 28 mo (range, 1-69 mo), none of these patients experienced recurrence or metastasis. The three patients who underwent proximal gastrectomy experienced symptoms of regurgitation and belching. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic-endoscopic cooperative surgery is

  6. Single-port transumbilical laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A prospective randomised comparison of clinical results of 140 cases

    PubMed Central

    Vilallonga, Ramon; Barbaros, Umut; Sümer, Aziz; Demirel, Tuğrul; Fort, José Manuel; González, Oscar; Rodriguez, Nivardo; Carrasco, Manuel Armengol

    2012-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: A novel single port access (SPA) cholecystectomy approach is described in this study. We have designed a randomised comparative study in order to elucidate any possible differences between the standard treatment and this novel technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between July 2009 and March 2010, 140 adult patients with gallbladder pathologies were enrolled in this multicentre study. Two surgeons (RV and UB) randomised patients to either a standard laparoscopic (SL) approach group or to an SPA cholecystectomy group. Two types of trocars were used for this study: the TriPort™ and the SILS™ Port. Outcomes including blood loss, operative time, complications, length of stay and pain were recorded. RESULTS: There were 69 patients in the SPA group and 71 patients in the SL group. The mean age of the patients was 43.2 (17-77) for the SPA group and 42.6 (19-70) for the SL group. The mean operative time was 63.9 min in the SPA group and 58.4 min in the SL group. For one patient, the SPA procedure was converted to a standard laparoscopic technique and to open approach in the SL group. Complications occurred in eight patients: Five seromas (two in the SPA group) and three hernias (one in the SPA group).The mean hospital stay was 38.5 h in the SPA group and 24.1 h in the SL group. Pain was evaluated and was 2 in the SPA and 2.9 in the SL group, according to the visual analogue scale (VAS) after 24 h (P<0.001). The degree of satisfaction was higher in the SPA group (8.3 versus 6.7). Similar results were found for the aesthetic result (8.8 versus 7.5). (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Single-port transumbilical laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be feasible and safe. When technical difficulties arise, early conversion to a standard laparoscopic technique is advised to avoid serious complications. The SPA approach can be undertaken without the expense of additional operative time and provides patients with minimal scarring. The cosmetic results and the degree of satisfaction

  7. Severe cellulitis and abdominal wall emphysema following laparoscopic colonic surgery: A case report.

    PubMed

    Tanaka, Ryo; Kameyama, Hitoshi; Chida, Tadasu; Kanda, Tatsuo; Kano, Yosuke; Ichikawa, Hiroshi; Hanyu, Takaaki; Ishikawa, Takashi; Kosugi, Shin-Ichi; Wakai, Toshifumi

    2015-05-01

    Abdominal wall emphysema is a common complication of laparoscopic surgery. This condition is usually harmless; however, if an infection occurs, it can develop into a serious condition such as necrotizing fasciitis. We report a case of a 51-year-old woman suffering from severe cellulitis that spread from an area of abdominal wall emphysema after laparoscopic surgery for sigmoid colon cancer. Recognizing this complication, early diagnosis, and prompt treatment are cornerstones for successful management of this potentially fatal disease.

  8. Changes in the makeup of bariatric surgery: a national increase in use of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Ninh T; Nguyen, Brian; Gebhart, Alana; Hohmann, Samuel

    2013-02-01

    Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is gaining popularity in the US; however, there has been no study examining the use of sleeve gastrectomy at a national level and its impact on the use of other bariatric operations. The aim of this study was to examine contemporary changes in use and outcomes of bariatric surgery performed at academic medical centers. Using ICD-9 diagnosis and procedure codes, clinical data obtained from the University HealthSystem Consortium database for all bariatric procedures performed for the treatment of morbid obesity between October 1, 2008 and September 30, 2012 were reviewed. Quartile trends in use for the 3 most commonly performed bariatric operations were examined, and a comparison of perioperative outcomes between procedures was performed within a subset of patients with minor severity of illness. A total of 60,738 bariatric procedures were examined. In 2008, the makeup of bariatric surgery consisted primarily of gastric bypass (66.8% laparoscopic, 8.6% open), followed by laparoscopic gastric banding (23.8%). In 2012, there was a precipitous increase in use of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (36.3 %), with a concurrent reduction in the use of laparoscopic (56.4%) and open (3.2%) gastric bypass, and a major reduction in laparoscopic gastric banding (4.1%). The length of hospital stay, in-hospital morbidity and mortality, and costs for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy were found to be between those of laparoscopic gastric banding and laparoscopic gastric bypass. Within the context of academic medical centers, there has been a recent change in the makeup of bariatric surgery. There has been an increase in the use of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, which has had an impact primarily on reducing the use of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. Copyright © 2013 American College of Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Complications of hand-assisted laparoscopic renal surgery: single-center ten-year experience.

    PubMed

    Moore, Nathan W; Nakada, Stephen Y; Hedican, Sean P; Moon, Timothy D

    2011-06-01

    To review our perioperative complications during the first decade of using hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy using a sleeve (HALN). HALN is a minimally invasive procedure first reported by our group in 1997. After institutional review board approval, the charts of the patients who had undergone HALN, hand-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, or hand-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy from 1997 to 2007, at our institution, were retrospectively reviewed. Standard laparoscopic procedures were not included. The relevant patient characteristics, operative details, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, body mass index, comorbidities, medications, and complications were recorded. A total of 227 consecutive patients had undergone Hand-assisted laparoscopic renal surgery, and all their charts were reviewed. Of these 227, 134 were radical HALN, 37 were nonradical HALN, 42 were hand-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, and 15 were hand-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy. Complications developed in 59 patients (26%): 8% major and 18% minor. The procedure-specific complication rate was 29% for radical HALN, 27% for nonradical HALN, 33% for hand-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy, and 17% for hand-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Complications included blood transfusion in 6%, urinary retention in 4%, ileus in 4%, and wound infection in 4%. From 2003 through 2007 (n = 163), our overall complication rate was 22% (8% major and 13% minor). From 1997 to 2002 (n = 65), the overall complication rate was 38% (P = .02). The American Society of Anesthesiologists score and the use of systemic steroids were associated with the occurrence of perioperative complications. Our results have shown that hand assistance provides a safe, minimally invasive laparoscopic procedure. Our complications rates were comparable to those with other standard and hand-assist series, although the spectrum of complications varied. Hand-assisted laparoscopic

  10. [Laparoscopic and general surgery guided by open interventional magnetic resonance].

    PubMed

    Lauro, A; Gould, S W T; Cirocchi, R; Giustozzi, G; Darzi, A

    2004-10-01

    Interventional magnetic resonance (IMR) machines have produced unique opportunity for image-guided surgery. The open configuration design and fast pulse sequence allow virtual real time intraoperative scanning to monitor the progress of a procedure, with new images produced every 1.5 sec. This may give greater appreciation of anatomy, especially deep to the 2-dimensional laparoscopic image, and hence increase safety, reduce procedure magnitude and increase confidence in tumour resection surgery. The aim of this paper was to investigate the feasibility of performing IMR-image-guided general surgery, especially in neoplastic and laparoscopic field, reporting a single center -- St. Mary's Hospital (London, UK) -- experience. Procedures were carried out in a Signa 0.5 T General Elettric SP10 Interventional MR (General Electric Medical Systems, Milwaukee, WI, USA) with magnet-compatible instruments (titanium alloy instruments, plastic retractors and ultrasonic driven scalpel) and under general anesthesia. There were performed 10 excision biopsies of palpable benign breast tumors (on female patients), 3 excisions of skin sarcoma (dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans), 1 right hemicolectomy and 2 laparoscopic cholecystectomies. The breast lesions were localized with pre- and postcontrast (intravenous gadolinium DPTA) sagittal and axial fast multiplanar spoiled gradient recalled conventional Signa sequences; preoperative real time fast gradient recalled sequences were also obtained using the flashpoint tracking device. During right hemicolectomy intraoperative single shot fast spin echo (SSFSE) and fast spoiled gradient recalled (FSPGR) imaging of right colon were performed after installation of 150 cc of water or 1% gadolinium solution, respectively, through a Foley catheter; imaging was also obtained in an attempt to identify mesenteric lymph nodes intraoperatively. Concerning laparoscopic procedures, magnetic devices (insufflator, light source) were positioned outside scan

  11. Single-Incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) for ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement.

    PubMed

    Hong, Wei-Chen; Lai, Peng-Sheng; Chien, Yin-Hsuan; Tu, Yong-Kwang; Tsai, Jui-Chang

    2013-11-01

    Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) may facilitate safer shunt placement and lower distal obstruction rate than is seen in conventional surgery. We reviewed our 2-year experience in SILS for ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement to evaluate its usefulness and safety.Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, we enrolled patients older than 18 years with dilated ventricle and syndromes of hydrocephalus. A total of 31 patients underwent 31 primary ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement surgery and two underwent revision surgery. All the procedures were performed by the SILS technique. The entire duration of ventriculoperitoneal shunt implantation ranged from 45 to 80 minutes, with mean operation time of 65 ± 15.3 minutes. No major laparoscopy-related complications were noted. Shunt infection, peritonitis, and distal catheter malfunction occurred in one case (3.2%), proximal malfunction in one case (3.2%), and subcutaneous emphysema occurred in two cases (6.4%). The emphysema resolved within 2 days. Cosmetic results were "very good to good" in 17 patients (54.8%) and "satisfactory" in 14 patients (45.2%). The abdominal scars in most cases were nearly invisible. SILS is a safe and effective technique for ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement and can be accomplished with no higher risk of shunt infection and distal malfunction. Without an additional port, SILS allows good visualization of the peritoneal cavity to avoid major intra-abdominal complications. Only one 6-mm incision at the umbilicus area is required and is almost invisible after wound healing. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  12. Intragastric laparoscopic surgery: An option for gastric lesions not resectable by endoscopy.

    PubMed

    Manuel Vázquez, Alba; Hernández Matías, Alberto; Bertomeu García, Agustín; Ruiz de Adana Belbel, Juan Carlos

    2016-03-01

    Gastric mucosal and submucosal lesions can be resected by endoscopy, laparoscopy or open surgery. Operative methods have varied depending on the location, endophytic growth and size of the lesion. Interest in minimally invasive surgery has increased and many surgeons are attempting laparoscopic approaches, especially in lesions of the stomach near the esophagogastric junction not amendable to endoscopic removal, because conventional surgery can produce stenosis and distort the postoperative anatomy, and increase morbimortality. We report our experience with laparoscopic intragastric surgery in 3 consecutive patients, with no complications. Laparoscopic intragastric surgery extends the surgeons' armamentarium to resect complex gastric lesions, while offering patients the benefits of minimal access surgery. Copyright © 2015 AEC. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  13. Evaluation of conventional laparoscopic versus robot-assisted laparoscopic redo hiatal hernia and antireflux surgery: a cohort study.

    PubMed

    Tolboom, Robert C; Draaisma, Werner A; Broeders, Ivo A M J

    2016-03-01

    Surgery for refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and hiatal hernia leads to recurrence or persisting dysphagia in a minority of patients. Redo antireflux surgery in GERD and hiatal hernia is known for higher morbidity and mortality. This study aims to evaluate conventional versus robot-assisted laparoscopic redo antireflux surgery, with the objective to detect possible advantages for the robot-assisted approach. A single institute cohort of 75 patients who underwent either conventional laparoscopic or robot-assisted laparoscopic redo surgery for recurrent GERD or severe dysphagia between 2008 and 2013 were included in the study. Baseline characteristics, symptoms, medical history, procedural data, hospital stay, complications and outcome were prospectively gathered. The main indications for redo surgery were dysphagia, pyrosis or a combination of both in combination with a proven anatomic abnormality. The mean time to redo surgery was 1.9 and 2.0 years after primary surgery for the conventional and robot-assisted groups, respectively. The number of conversions was lower in the robot-assisted group compared to conventional laparoscopy (1/45 vs. 5/30, p = 0.035) despite a higher proportion of patients with previous surgery by laparotomy (9/45 vs. 1/30, p = 0.038). Median hospital stay was reduced by 1 day (3 vs. 4, p = 0.042). There were no differences in mortality, complications or outcome. Robotic support, when available, can be regarded beneficial in redo surgery for GERD and hiatal hernia. Results of this observational study suggest technical feasibility for minimal-invasive robot-assisted redo surgery after open primary antireflux surgery, a reduced number of conversions and shorter hospital stay.

  14. Incidence of Port-Site Incisional Hernia After Single-Incision Laparoscopic Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Rainville, Harvey; Ikedilo, Ojinika; Vemulapali, Pratibha

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery is gaining popularity among minimally invasive surgeons and is now being applied to a broad number of surgical procedures. Although this technique uses only 1 port, the diameter of the incision is larger than in standard laparoscopic surgery. The long-term incidence of port-site hernias after single-incision laparoscopic surgery has yet to be determined. Methods: All patients who underwent a single-incision laparoscopic surgical procedure from May 2008 through May 2009 were included in the study. Single-incision laparoscopic surgical operations were performed either by a multiport technique or with a 3-trocar single-incision laparoscopic surgery port. The patients were seen at 30 to 36 months' follow-up, at which time they were examined for any evidence of port-site incisional hernia. Patients found to have hernias on clinical examination underwent repairs with mesh. Results: A total of 211 patients met the criteria for inclusion in the study. The types of operations included were cholecystectomy, appendectomy, sleeve gastrectomy, gastric banding, Nissen fundoplication, colectomy, and gastrojejunostomy. We found a port-site hernia rate of 2.9% at 30 to 36 months' follow-up. Conclusion: Port-site incisional hernia after single-incision laparoscopic surgical procedures remains a major setback for patients. The true incidence remains largely unknown because most patients are asymptomatic and therefore do not seek surgical aid. PMID:24960483

  15. Laparoscopic nephroureterectomy for upper tract transitional cell carcinoma: comparison of laparoscopic and open surgery.

    PubMed

    Tsujihata, Masao; Nonomura, Norio; Tsujimura, Akira; Yoshimura, Kazuhiro; Miyagawa, Yasushi; Okuyama, Akihiko

    2006-02-01

    We made a comparative study of laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (LNU) and standard open surgery (ONU) for upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma. From July 2000 to February 2005, 49 patients underwent total nephroureterectomy for upper tract transitional cell carcinoma at Osaka University Medical Hospital. Of the 49 patients, twenty-five were treated with LNU, and twenty-four with ONU. Each group of cases was reviewed with respect to operative time, complications and postoperative convalescence. The average operative time of the LNU and ONU group was 305.9 min (range 190-480) and 271.2 min (range 135-480) respectively, and the average blood loss was 321.5 ml (80-1370) and 557.7 ml (range 100-1730), respectively. The average time until ambulation after LNU and ONU was 2.2 days (range 1-3) and 4.0 days (range 3-5), respectively. No major postoperative complications were observed in either group. ONU still represents the gold standard for the management of upper tract transitional cell carcinoma; however, for low stage cases, LNU offers the advantages of minimally invasive surgery.

  16. Systematic review of laparoscopic versus open surgery for colorectal cancer.

    PubMed

    Reza, M M; Blasco, J A; Andradas, E; Cantero, R; Mayol, J

    2006-08-01

    This study compares the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic surgery (LS) and open surgery (OS) for colorectal cancer. An electronic search of the literature was undertaken to identify primary studies and systematic reviews. Information on the efficacy and safety of LS versus OS was analysed. A meta-analysis was conducted to examine long-term outcomes. A systematic review published in 2000 and 12 more recent randomized clinical trials were identified. Compared with OS, LS reduced blood loss and pain, and resulted in a faster return of bowel function and earlier resumption of normal diet. Hospital stay was up to 2 days shorter after LS. No significant differences between the techniques were noted in the incidence of complications or postoperative mortality. The time required to complete LS was significantly longer (0.5-1.0 h more). No significant differences were found between the two procedures in terms of overall mortality, cancer-related mortality or disease recurrence. LS takes longer than OS but offers several short-term benefits. However, complication rates are similar for both procedures and no differences were found in long-term outcomes.

  17. [Cost-effectiveness analysis of laparoscopic surgery versus methotrexate: comparison of data recorded in an ectopic pregnancy registry].

    PubMed

    Vaissade, L; Gerbaud, L; Pouly, J-L; Job-Spira, N; Bouyer, J; Coste, J; Glanddier, P-Y

    2003-09-01

    To compare the cost efficacy ratios of medical therapy (methotrexate - MTX) and laparoscopic surgery for ectopic pregnancy, based on an observational study of effectiveness. Data were collected by a population register of the Auvergne area. We computed the costs before, during and after hospitalization of women who could be treated either by MTX or laparoscopic surgery. We detailed costs related to the various existing facilities. We considered the entire treatment. One hundred nine cases of ectopic pregnancy were treated by laparoscopic surgery and 46 by MTX. Second-line therapy was required in 3% of women who underwent laparoscopic surgery, and 35% of those given MTX. MTX was found to be less costly (1,342 euros) than laparoscopic surgery (2,113 euros). The efficacy threshold for MTX was 11% (giving a failure rate of 89%). MTX is much more cost effective than laparoscopic surgery but the frequent need for second-line treatment must also be assessed.

  18. Bilateral simultaneous single-port (LESS) laparoscopic nephrectomy (laparoendoscopic single site surgery)

    PubMed Central

    Page, Toby; Soomro, N. A.

    2010-01-01

    Minimal access surgery is rapidly expanding and currently single-port surgery is at the forefront of laparoscopy. Operating through a single port is technically demanding but through advances in camera design and instrument design, it is now gaining popularity. It offers minimal scar surgery as well as decreased postoperative pain and swift recovery. Here we present a case of bilateral simultaneous single-port laparoscopic nephrectomy (LESS) laparoendoscopic single site surgery in a 51-year-old man. Illustrating that LESS can be used by surgeons with laparoscopic skills outside of a few major international centers. PMID:21369399

  19. Reduced port laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer is safe and feasible in terms of short-term outcomes: comparative study with conventional multiport laparoscopic surgery

    PubMed Central

    Song, Ju Myung; Lee, Yoon Suk; Kim, Ho Young; Lee, In Kyu; Oh, Seung Teak; Kim, Jun Gi

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Laparoscopic surgery was previously accepted as an alternative surgical option in treatment for colorectal cancer. Nowadays, single-port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS) is introduced as a method to maximize advantages of minimally invasive surgery. However, SPLS has several limitations compared to conventional multiport laparoscopic surgery (CMLS). To overcome those limitations of SPLS, reduced port laparoscopic surgery (RPLS) was introduced. This study aimed at evaluating the short-term outcomes of RPLS. Methods Patients who underwent CMLS and RPLS of colon cancer between August 2011 and December 2013 were included in this study. Short-term clinical and pathological outcome were compared between the 2 groups. Results Thirty-two patients underwent RPLS and 217 patients underwent CMLS. Shorter operation time, less blood loss, and faster bowel movement were shown in RPLS group in this study. In terms of postoperative pain, numeric rating scale (NRS) of RPLS was lower than that of CMLS. Significant differences were shown in terms of tumor size, harvested lymph node, perineural invasion, and pathological stage. No significant differences were confirmed in terms of other surgical outcomes. Conclusion In this study, RPLS was technically feasible and safe. Especially in terms of postoperative pain, RPLS was comparable to CMLS. RPLS may be a feasible alternative option in selected patients with colon cancer. PMID:27757397

  20. Randomized Controlled Trials: A Systematic Review of Laparoscopic Surgery and Simulation-Based Training

    PubMed Central

    Vanderbilt, Allison A.; Grover, Amelia C.; Pastis, Nicholas J.; Feldman, Moshe; Granados, Deborah Diaz; Murithi, Lydia K.; Mainous, Arch G.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: This systematic review was conducted to analyze the impact and describe simulation-based training and the acquisition of laparoscopic surgery skills during medical school and residency programs. Methods: This systematic review focused on the published literature that used randomized controlled trials to examine the effectiveness of simulation-based training to develop laparoscopic surgery skills. Searching PubMed from the inception of the databases to May 1, 2014 and specific hand journal searches identified the studies. This current review of the literature addresses the question of whether laparoscopic simulation translates the acquisition of surgical skills to the operating room (OR). Results: This systematic review of simulation-based training and laparoscopic surgery found that specific skills could be translatable to the OR. Twenty-one studies reported learning outcomes measured in five behavioral categories: economy of movement (8 studies); suturing (3 studies); performance time (13 studies); error rates (7 studies), and global rating (7 studies). Conclusion: Simulation-based training can lead to demonstrable benefits of surgical skills in the OR environment. This review suggests that simulation-based training is an effective way to teach laparoscopic surgery skills, increase translation of laparoscopic surgery skills to the OR, and increase patient safety; however, more research should be conducted to determine if and how simulation can become apart of surgical curriculum. PMID:25716408

  1. Robotics applied in laparoscopic kidney surgery: the Yonsei University experience of 127 cases.

    PubMed

    Lorenzo, Enrique Ian S; Jeong, Wooju; Oh, Cheol Kyu; Chung, Byung Ha; Choi, Young Deuk; Rha, Koon Ho

    2011-01-01

    We report our experience on 127 kidney surgeries with the da Vinci surgical system and show the feasibility of a robotics application in a variety of kidney surgeries by both a laparoscopically-trained and a laparoscopically-naïve surgeon. Clinical data of patients who underwent kidney surgery with the da Vinci surgical system from September 2006 to April 2009 were reviewed. Data acquired from medical records included patient demographics, operative time, estimated blood loss (EBL), incidence of intraoperative complication, duration of hospital stay, blood transfusion rate, oncological outcomes, and follow-up results. One-hundred twenty-seven kidney surgeries have been conducted with the da Vinci surgical system at our institution. Three urologists--1 with formal endourology training, 1 with laparoscopic experience, and 1 laparoscopically naïve--have used it for a variety of procedures involving the kidney. The cases include 65 partial nephrectomies (RPN), 38 radical nephrectomies (RRN), and 24 nephroureterectomies with bladder cuff (RNU). Results on operative time, EBL, incidence of intraoperative injury, duration of hospital stay, and blood transfusion rate are comparable with contemporary studies. Robotics application in kidney surgery is a viable option for various procedures. Our experience shows it can be safely and effectively conducted by both laparoscopically-trained and laparoscopically-naïve surgeons once they are accustomed to the robotics system. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. The adoption of laparoscopic colorectal surgery: a national survey of general surgeons

    PubMed Central

    Moloo, Husein; Haggar, Fatima; Martel, Guillaume; Grimshaw, Jeremy; Coyle, Doug; Graham, Ian D.; Sabri, Elham; Poulin, Eric C.; Mamazza, Joseph; Balaa, Fady K.; Boushey, Robin P.

    2009-01-01

    Background Laparoscopic surgery may become the standard of care for the treatment of colorectal disease. Little is known regarding North American patterns of practice or the limiting factors and strategies for adoption among surgeons. Methods We sent a 28-item questionnaire to all general surgeon members of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. We derived descriptive and correlative information using χ2, Wilcoxon rank sum and Student t tests and multivariate logistic regression. Results The return rate was 55% (694/1266). A total of 67% (462/694; 95% confidence interval 63%–70%) of respondents perform colorectal surgery. Of these, 54% perform laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Multivariate logistic regression identified 5 factors related to performing laparoscopic colorectal surgery: fewer years in practice (p < 0.001), male sex (p = 0.015), practising in the province of Quebec (p = 0.005), university-hospital affiliation (p = 0.034) and minimally invasive surgery fellowship training (p = 0.023). Lack of adequate operating time and formal training were the main reasons cited by surgeons not offering laparoscopic colon resections. Most surgeons (67%) felt that site visits from a minimally invasive surgeon would represent the most effective training method for acquiring advanced laparoscopic skills. Conclusion About half of Canadian general surgeons offer laparoscopic colorectal resections. Recent graduation, male sex, practice location, university-hospital affiliation and minimally invasive surgery training are significant predictors for offering a laparoscopic approach. Lack of operative time and formal training are the main barriers to adoption of the technique. Site visits by trained laparoscopic surgeons is the preferred method of acquiring advanced skills. PMID:20011180

  3. First 100 laparoscopic surgeries in a predominantly rural Nigerian population: a template for future growth.

    PubMed

    Ekwunife, Christopher N; Nwobe, Ogechukwu

    2014-11-01

    Minimal access surgery has revolutionized surgery practice. Its proven advantages, such as reduced postoperative pain, early return to unrestricted activities, and better cosmesis, have become important drivers for its rapid development. In sub-Saharan Africa this development has been slow. The aim of the current study was to describe the challenges and outcomes of laparoscopic procedures in a public hospital that caters to a predominantly rural population. The first 100 patients who underwent laparoscopic procedure in the Department of Surgery at Federal Medical Centre, Owerri, Nigeria were retrospectively analyzed. Data were retrieved from the medical records department as well as the surgical theater procedure register. The focus of the study was on patient demographics, indication for surgery, procedure performed, length of hospital stay, and morbidity and mortality data. Staff training was done locally and abroad. Altogether, 100 patients had laparoscopic surgery in our general surgery unit from September 2007 through July 2013. The ages of the patients was 5-75 years (median 36.5 years). The three main procedures were cholecystectomy (36 %), diagnostic laparoscopy (29 %), and appendectomy (21 %). The other operations performed included liver abscess drainage (7 %), adhesiolysis (3 %), hernia repair (1 %), and Heller's myotomy (1 %). Four cases were converted to open surgery. There were no deaths. There were 14 grades I and II postoperative complications in nine patients. Our study suggests that basic laparoscopic procedures could be offered safely to our resource-poor rural population. It is a platform on which we can hopefully introduce advanced laparoscopic surgical operations.

  4. Anesthetic management for repair of adult Bochdalek hernia by laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Takeyama, Kazuhide; Nakahara, Yumi; Ando, Satoko; Hasegawa, Keiichiro; Suzuki, Toshiyasu

    2005-01-01

    This report describes anesthetic management of a case (a 64-year-old man) who was originally diagnosed as paraesophageal hernia before surgery and later diagnosed as Bochdalek hernia during laparoscopic surgery. Anesthesia was started with oxygen, nitrous oxide, and sevoflurane, and respiration was managed using controlled mechanical ventilation. Although left pneumothorax was noticed during laparoscopic surgery (aeroperitonia pressure: 10 cmH2O), the surgery was performed using the same anesthesia procedure, because hardly any changes were observed on the monitor and vital signs were stable. The surgery was completed without incident. However, postoperative chest X-rays revealed the residual large pneumothorax. A chest drain tube was inserted immediately, after which the pneumothorax was improved. Pneumothorax is considered to be inevitable in cases of laparoscopic repair of Bochdalek hernia. To prevent exacerbation of pneumothorax, anesthetic management should consist of discontinuing the use of nitrous oxide and lowering the aeroperitonia pressure concomitently with the use of positive airway pressure.

  5. The influence of a prophylactic dose of dexamethasone for postoperative nausea and vomiting on plasma interleukin concentrations after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a randomised trial.

    PubMed

    Ionescu, Daniela C; Hadade, Adina I; Mocan, Teodora A; Margarit, Simona D

    2014-04-01

    Little is known about the effects of small doses of dexamethasone used for the prophylaxis of postoperative nausea and vomiting on the innate host response. We studied the influence of dexamethasone 4 mg on the perioperative plasma concentrations of interleukins after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We hypothesised that there would be differences in pro-inflammatory interleukin concentrations in patients who received dexamethasone. A randomised controlled study. University hospital. Forty-six patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy under total intravenous anaesthesia were allocated randomly into one of two study groups; 42 patients completed the study. Patients in group 1 (dexamethasone, n = 22) received dexamethasone 4 mg and group 2 (n = 20) acted as controls. Plasma levels of tumour necrosis factor alpha and interleukins 1β, 6, 8, 10 and 13 were measured before anaesthesia, before surgery and 2 and 24 h after surgery. The frequency and number of episodes of postoperative nausea and vomiting were recorded. Areas under the curve of the percentage variation of interleukins 6 and 8 were significantly lower in the dexamethasone group. There were no significant differences between groups in the areas under the curve for tumour necrosis factor alpha and interleukins 1β, 10 and 13. The greatest variation in interleukin concentrations was 2 h postoperatively, when the concentration of interleukin 6 was greater in the control group, whereas the concentration of interleukin 10 was higher in the dexamethasone group. Twenty-four hours after surgery, only the concentration of interleukin 6 remained significantly increased in both groups (P = 0.001 and P = 0.002, respectively). There were no significant differences between groups in respect of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Prophylactic dexamethasone given before laparoscopic cholecystectomy produced a significant decrease in concentrations of interleukins 6 and 8. Further studies are

  6. A comparative cost analysis of robotic-assisted surgery versus laparoscopic surgery and open surgery: the necessity of investing knowledgeably.

    PubMed

    Tedesco, Giorgia; Faggiano, Francesco C; Leo, Erica; Derrico, Pietro; Ritrovato, Matteo

    2016-11-01

    Robotic surgery has been proposed as a minimally invasive surgical technique with advantages for both surgeons and patients, but is associated with high costs (installation, use and maintenance). The Health Technology Assessment Unit of the Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital sought to investigate the economic sustainability of robotic surgery, having foreseen its impact on the hospital budget METHODS: Break-even and cost-minimization analyses were performed. A deterministic approach for sensitivity analysis was applied by varying the values of parameters between pre-defined ranges in different scenarios to see how the outcomes might differ. The break-even analysis indicated that at least 349 annual interventions would need to be carried out to reach the break-even point. The cost-minimization analysis showed that robotic surgery was the most expensive procedure among the considered alternatives (in terms of the contribution margin). Robotic surgery is a good clinical alternative to laparoscopic and open surgery (for many pediatric operations). However, the costs of robotic procedures are higher than the equivalent laparoscopic and open surgical interventions. Therefore, in the short run, these findings do not seem to support the decision to introduce a robotic system in our hospital.

  7. Current status of randomized controlled trials for laparoscopic gastric surgery for gastric cancer in China.

    PubMed

    Li, Guoxin; Hu, Yanfeng; Liu, Hao

    2015-08-01

    China alone accounts for nearly 42% of all new gastric cancer cases worldwide, and gastric cancer is the third leading cause of cancer deaths in China nowadays. Without mass screening programs, unfortunately over 80% of all Chinese patients have been diagnosed as advanced diseases. As in other Asian countries, especially Japan and Korea, laparoscopic gastrectomy for the treatment of gastric cancer has gained increasingly popularity in China during the past decade. Whether laparoscopic surgery can be safely and effectively performed in the treatment of gastric cancer remains controversial, particularly with regard to curative intent in advanced diseases. Given the high incidence of these cancers, and their advanced stage at diagnosis, China has a significant interest in determining the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic gastrectomy. A well-designed randomized controlled trial (RCT) is considered the only feasible way to provide conclusive evidence. To date, China has not played a significant role in terms of conducting RCT concerning laparoscopic surgery for gastric cancer. However, an effort has been made by the Chinese researchers, with the great help from our colleagues in neighboring countries such as Korea and Japan, through the establishment of the Chinese Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery Study Group. In this review, we present the current status of RCT for laparoscopic gastric surgery for gastric cancer in China, including published and ongoing registered RCT.

  8. Computer-based endoscopic image-processing technology for endourology and laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Igarashi, Tatsuo; Suzuki, Hiroyoshi; Naya, Yukio

    2009-06-01

    Endourology and laparoscopic surgery are evolving in accordance with developments in instrumentation and progress in surgical technique. Recent advances in computer and image-processing technology have enabled novel images to be created from conventional endoscopic and laparoscopic video images. Such technology harbors the potential to advance endourology and laparoscopic surgery by adding new value and function to the endoscope. The panoramic and three-dimensional images created by computer processing are two outstanding features that can address the shortcomings of conventional endoscopy and laparoscopy, such as narrow field of view, lack of depth cue, and discontinuous information. The wide panoramic images show an anatomical 'map' of the abdominal cavity and hollow organs with high brightness and resolution, as the images are collected from video images taken in a close-up manner. To assist in laparoscopic surgery, especially in suturing, a three-dimensional movie can be obtained by enhancing movement parallax using a conventional monocular laparoscope. In tubular organs such as the prostatic urethra, reconstruction of three-dimensional structure can be achieved, implying the possibility of a liquid dynamic model for assessing local urethral resistance in urination. Computer-based processing of endoscopic images will establish new tools for endourology and laparoscopic surgery in the near future.

  9. Safety and Efficacy of Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery for Total Extraperitoneal Inguinal Hernia Repair

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Almost 20 years after the first laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair was performed, single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS™) is set to revolutionize minimally invasive surgery. However, the loss of triangulation must be overcome before the technique can be popularized. This study reports the first 100 laparoscopic total extraperitoneal hernia repairs using a single incision. The study cohort comprised 68 patients with a mean age of 44 (range, 18 to 83): 36 unilateral and 32 bilateral hernias. Twelve patients also underwent umbilical hernia repair with the Ventralex patch requiring no additional incisions. A 2.5-cm to 3-cm crescentic incision within the confines of the umbilicus was performed. Standard dissecting instruments and 52-cm/5.5-mm/300 laparoscope were used. Operation times were 50 minutes for unilateral and 80 minutes for bilateral. There was one conversion to conventional 3-port laparoscopic repair and none to open surgery. Outpatient surgery was achieved in all (except one). Analgesic requirements were minimal: 8 Dextropropoxyphene tablets (range, 0 to 20). There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications with a high patient satisfaction score. Single-incision laparoscopic hernia repair is safe and efficient simply by modifying dissection techniques (so-called “inline” and “vertical”). Comparable success can be obtained while negating the risks of bowel and vascular injuries from sharp trocars and achieving improved cosmetic results. PMID:21902942

  10. Laparoscopic major gynecologic surgery in patients with prior laparotomy bowel resection.

    PubMed

    Fanning, James; Hojat, Rod; Deimling, Timothy

    2011-01-01

    To review the success and morbidity of laparoscopic major gynecologic surgery in patients with prior laparotomy bowel resection. Review of a prospective surgical database of all cases of laparoscopic major gynecologic surgery in patients with prior laparotomy bowel resection. No cases were excluded. Bowel diagnoses and procedures were total colectomy for inflammatory bowel disease (4), partial colectomy for colon cancer (6), partial small bowel resection for obstruction (1), and Whipple for pancreatic cancer (2). Two patients had 3 prior laparotomies, 8 patients had 2 prior laparotomies, and 3 patients had 1 prior laparotomy. All prior abdominal incisions were midline. Gynecologic diagnoses and procedures were laparoscopic cytoreduction for ovarian cancer (1), lsh/bso/staging for ovarian cancer (1), lavh/bso/lymphadenectomy for endometrial cancer (4), and lavh/bso, lsh/bso, or bso for large ovarian mass (7). Median patient age was 57 years, median BMI was 31kg/m(2), and all patients had medical comorbidities. All 13 laparoscopic gynecologic surgeries were successful without trocar insertion injury, conversion to laparotomy, and without enterotomy. Abdominal adhesions were present in all cases. Median operative time was 2 hours, median blood loss was 100cc, and median hospital stay was 1 day. There were no postoperative complications. Laparoscopic major gynecologic surgery in patients with prior laparotomy bowel resection is feasible for experienced laparoscopic surgeons.

  11. Laparoscopic Major Gynecologic Surgery in Patients with Prior Laparotomy Bowel Resection

    PubMed Central

    Hojat, Rod; Deimling, Timothy

    2011-01-01

    Background and Objectives: To review the success and morbidity of laparoscopic major gynecologic surgery in patients with prior laparotomy bowel resection. Methods: Review of a prospective surgical database of all cases of laparoscopic major gynecologic surgery in patients with prior laparotomy bowel resection. No cases were excluded. Bowel diagnoses and procedures were total colectomy for inflammatory bowel disease (4), partial colectomy for colon cancer (6), partial small bowel resection for obstruction (1), and Whipple for pancreatic cancer (2). Two patients had 3 prior laparotomies, 8 patients had 2 prior laparotomies, and 3 patients had 1 prior laparotomy. All prior abdominal incisions were midline. Gynecologic diagnoses and procedures were laparoscopic cytoreduction for ovarian cancer (1), lsh/bso/staging for ovarian cancer (1), lavh/bso/lymphadenectomy for endometrial cancer (4), and lavh/bso, lsh/bso, or bso for large ovarian mass (7). Median patient age was 57 years, median BMI was 31kg/m2, and all patients had medical comorbidities. Results: All 13 laparoscopic gynecologic surgeries were successful without trocar insertion injury, conversion to laparotomy, and without enterotomy. Abdominal adhesions were present in all cases. Median operative time was 2 hours, median blood loss was 100cc, and median hospital stay was 1 day. There were no postoperative complications. Conclusion: Laparoscopic major gynecologic surgery in patients with prior laparotomy bowel resection is feasible for experienced laparoscopic surgeons. PMID:22643497

  12. Failed antireflux surgery: quality of life and surgical outcome after laparoscopic refundoplication.

    PubMed

    Granderath, Frank Alexander; Kamolz, Thomas; Schweiger, Ursula Maria; Pointner, Rudolph

    2003-05-01

    Laparoscopic antireflux surgery has in recent years become the standard procedure for treating severe gastroesophageal reflux disease. Both laparoscopic antireflux surgery and open surgery cause failures which lead to repeat surgery in 3-6% of cases. We evaluated prospectively quality of life and surgical outcome following laparoscopic refundoplication for failed initial antireflux surgery. We prospectively studied 51 patients undergoing laparoscopic refundoplication for primary failed antireflux surgery, with complete follow-up 1 year after surgery. In 20 cases the initial surgery used the open technique; four had surgery twice previously. In 31 cases primary procedure was performed laparoscopically. Indication for repeat surgery were recurrent reflux ( n=29), dysphagia ( n=12), and a combination of the two ( n=10). Preoperative and postoperative data including 24-h pH monitoring, esophageal manometry, and quality of life (Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index) were used to assess outcome. Forty-nine procedures (96%) were completed by the laparoscopic technique. Conversion was necessary in two cases with primary open procedure, in one patient because of injury to the gastric wall and in one severe bleeding of the spleen. Postoperatively two patients (3.9%) suffered from dysphagia and required pneumatic dilatation within the first postoperative year. Average operating time was 245 min after an initial open procedure and 80 min after an initial laparoscopic procedure. The lower esophageal sphincter pressure increased significantly from preoperatively 2.8+/-1.8 mmHg at 3 months (12.8+/-4.1 mmHg) and 1 year (12.3+/-3.9 mmHg) after repeat surgery. In these cases the DeMeester score decreased significantly from preoperative 67.9+/-10.3 to 15.5+/-9.4 at 3 months and 13.1+/-8.1 at 1 year after surgery. Mean Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index increased from 86.7 points preoperatively to 121.6 points at 3 months and 123.8 points at 1 year and was comparable to that of

  13. Practice, training and safety of laparoscopic surgery in low and middle-income countries

    PubMed Central

    Alfa-Wali, Maryam; Osaghae, Samuel

    2017-01-01

    Surgical management of diseases is recognised as a major unmet need in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Laparoscopic surgery has been present since the 1980s and offers the benefit of minimising the morbidity and potential mortality associated with laparotomies. Laparotomies are often carried out in LMICs for diagnosis and management, due to lack of radiological investigative and intervention options. The use of laparoscopy for diagnosis and treatment is globally variable, with high-income countries using laparoscopy routinely compared with LMICs. The specific advantages of minimally invasive surgery such as lower surgical site infections and earlier return to work are of great benefit for patients in LMICs, as time lost not working could result in a family not being able to sustain themselves. Laparoscopic surgery and training is not cheap. Cost is a major barrier to healthcare access for a significant population in LMICs. Therefore, cost is usually seen as a major barrier for laparoscopic surgery to be integrated into routine practice in LMICs. The aim of this review is to focus on the practice, training and safety of laparoscopic surgery in LMICs. In addition it highlights the barriers to progress in adopting laparoscopic surgery in LMICs and how to address them. PMID:28138364

  14. Day surgery versus overnight stay laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Tang, Huairong; Dong, Aihua; Yan, Lunan

    2015-07-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomies are being increasingly performed as a day surgery procedure. To systematically assess the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic cholecystectomy as a day surgery procedure compared to overnight stay. Randomized controlled trials and clinical controlled trials involving day surgery laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in a systematic literature search. Two authors independently assessed the studies for inclusion and extracted the data. A meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the safety and feasibility of day surgery compared to overnight stay laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Twelve studies were selected for our meta-analysis. The meta-analysis showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups on morbidity (P=0.65). The mean in-hospital admission and readmission rates were 13.1% and 2.4% in the day surgery group, respectively. The two groups had similar prolonged hospitalization (P=0.27), readmission rate (P=0.58) and consultation rate (P=0.73). In addition, there was no significant difference in the visual analogue scale score, postoperative nausea and vomiting scale, time to return to activity and work between the two groups (P>0.05). Currently available evidence demonstrates that laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be performed safely in selected patients as a day surgery procedure, though further studies are needed. Copyright © 2015 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Network meta-analysis of protocol-driven care and laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer.

    PubMed

    Currie, A C; Malietzis, G; Jenkins, J T; Yamada, T; Ashrafian, H; Athanasiou, T; Okabayashi, K; Kennedy, R H

    2016-12-01

    Laparoscopic approaches and standardized recovery protocols have reduced morbidity following colorectal cancer surgery. As the optimal regimen remains inconclusive, a network meta-analysis was undertaken of treatments for the development of postoperative complications and mortality. MEDLINE, Embase, trial registries and related reviews were searched for randomized trials comparing laparoscopic and open surgery within protocol-driven or conventional perioperative care for colorectal cancer resection, with complications as a defined endpoint. Relative odds ratios (ORs) for postoperative complications and mortality were estimated for aggregated data. Forty trials reporting on 11 516 randomized patients were included with the network. Open surgery within conventional perioperative care was the index for comparison. The OR relating to complications was 0·77 (95 per cent c.i. 0·65 to 0·91) for laparoscopic surgery within conventional care, 0·69 (0·48 to 0·99) for open surgery within protocol-driven care, and 0·43 (0·28 to 0·67) for laparoscopic surgery within protocol-driven care. Sensitivity analyses excluding trials of low rectal cancer and those with a high risk of bias did not affect the treatment estimates. Meta-analyses demonstrated that mortality risk was unaffected by perioperative strategy. Laparoscopic surgery combined with protocol-driven care reduces colorectal cancer surgery complications, but not mortality. The reduction in complications with protocol-driven care is greater for open surgery than for laparoscopic approaches. Registration number: CRD42015017850 (https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO). © 2016 BJS Society Ltd Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy leads the U.S. utilization of bariatric surgery at academic medical centers.

    PubMed

    Varela, J Esteban; Nguyen, Ninh T

    2015-01-01

    Analysis of a recent single state bariatric surgery registry revealed that laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy was the most common bariatric procedure starting in 2012. The objective of this study was to examine the trend in utilization of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy performed at academic medical centers in the United States. Using ICD-9 diagnosis and procedure codes, clinical data obtained from the University HealthSystem Consortium database for all bariatric procedures performed for the treatment of severe obesity between October 1, 2011, and June 30, 2014. Quarterly trends in utilization for the 4 most commonly performed bariatric operations were examined, and comparisons between procedures were performed. A total of 54,953 bariatric procedures were performed. Utilization of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy increased from 23.7% of all bariatric procedures during the fourth quarter of 2011 to 60.7% during the second quarter of 2014 while laparoscopic gastric bypass decreased from 62.2% to 37.0%, respectively. Utilization of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy surpassed that of laparoscopic gastric bypass in the second quarter of 2013 (50.6% versus 45.8%). During the same time period, utilization of open gastric bypass fell from 6.6% to 1.5%, and the use of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding decreased from 7.5% to .8%. Within the context of U.S. academic medical centers, there has been a significant increase in the utilization of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, which has surpassed laparoscopic gastric bypass utilization since 2013. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is now the most commonly performed bariatric procedure at the national level within academic centers. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Vascular Map Combined with CT Colonography for Evaluating Candidates for Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery.

    PubMed

    Flor, Nicola; Campari, Alessandro; Ravelli, Anna; Lombardi, Maria Antonietta; Pisani Ceretti, Andrea; Maroni, Nirvana; Opocher, Enrico; Cornalba, Gianpaolo

    2015-01-01

    Contrast-enhanced computed tomography colonography (CE-CTC) is a useful guide for the laparoscopic surgeon to avoid incorrectly removing the colonic segment and the failure to diagnose of synchronous colonic and extra-colonic lesions. Lymph node dissection and vessel ligation under a laparoscopic approach can be time-consuming and can damage vessels and organs. Moreover, mesenteric vessels have extreme variations in terms of their courses and numbers. We describe the benefit of using an abdominal vascular map created by CE-CTC in laparoscopic colorectal surgery candidates. We describe patients with different diseases (colorectal cancer, diverticular disease, and inflammatory bowel disease) who underwent CE-CTC just prior to laparoscopic surgery.

  18. Vascular Map Combined with CT Colonography for Evaluating Candidates for Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Campari, Alessandro; Ravelli, Anna; Lombardi, Maria Antonietta; Pisani Ceretti, Andrea; Maroni, Nirvana; Opocher, Enrico; Cornalba, Gianpaolo

    2015-01-01

    Contrast-enhanced computed tomography colonography (CE-CTC) is a useful guide for the laparoscopic surgeon to avoid incorrectly removing the colonic segment and the failure to diagnose of synchronous colonic and extra-colonic lesions. Lymph node dissection and vessel ligation under a laparoscopic approach can be time-consuming and can damage vessels and organs. Moreover, mesenteric vessels have extreme variations in terms of their courses and numbers. We describe the benefit of using an abdominal vascular map created by CE-CTC in laparoscopic colorectal surgery candidates. We describe patients with different diseases (colorectal cancer, diverticular disease, and inflammatory bowel disease) who underwent CE-CTC just prior to laparoscopic surgery. PMID:26175581

  19. ONE WEEK VERSUS FOUR WEEK HEPARIN PROPHYLAXIS AFTER LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY FOR COLORECTAL CANCER.

    ClinicalTrials.gov

    2012-04-28

    The Primary Study Objective is to Assess the Efficacy and; Safety of Extended 4-week Heparin Prophylaxis Compared to; Prophylaxis Given for 8±2 Days After Planned Laparoscopic; Surgery for Colorectal Cancer.; The Clinical Benefit Will be Evaluated as the Difference in; the Incidence of VTE or VTE-related Death Occurring Within 30 Days; From Surgery in the Two Study Groups.

  20. [Comparison of open versus laparoscopic surgeries for adrenal tumor: a meta-analysis].

    PubMed

    Lin, Mao-Hu; Zhu, Xiao-Ying; Miao, Rui; He, Lei; Jia, Ning

    2016-11-20

    To systematically review the effectiveness and safety of open and laparoscopic surgeries for treatment of adrenal tumors. The online databases including CNKI, PUBMED, SinoMed, EBSCO, Springerlink, WanFang Data, and VIP were searched for clinical trials published from 1999 to 2016. A meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.2 software. A total of 2340 patients in 25 trials were included. The results of meta-analysis showed that laparoscopic surgery was better than open surgery in terms of intestinal function recovery time (OR=-0.96, 95%CI [-1.22, -0.70] P<0.000 01), hospitalization time (OR=-3.48, 95%CI [-4.13, -2.78], P<0.000 01), complications (OR=0.22, 95%CI [0.14, 0.35], P<0.0001), and volume of blood loss (OR=-104.77, 95%CI [-138.95, -70.60], P<0.000 01). There was no significant difference in the surgery cost between open and laparoscopic surgeries. Laparoscopic surgery is superior to open surgery for treatment of adrenal tumors for shorter intestinal function recovery time, surgery duration, and hospitalization time and less complications and blood loss.

  1. First steps of laparoscopic surgery in Lubumbashi: problems encountered and preliminary results.

    PubMed

    Arung, Willy; Dinganga, Nathalie; Ngoie, Emmanuel; Odimba, Etienne; Detry, Olivier

    2015-01-01

    For many reasons, laparoscopic surgery has been performed worldwide. Due to logistical constraints its first steps occurred in Lubumbashi only in 2008. The aim of this presentation was to report authors' ten-month experience of laparoscopic surgery at Lubumbashi Don Bosco Missionary Hospital (LDBMH): problems encountered and preliminary results. The study was a transsectional descriptive work with a convenient sampling. It only took in account patients with abdominal surgical condition who consented to undergo laparoscopic surgery and when logistical constraints of the procedure were found. Independent variables were patients' demographic parameters, staff, equipments and consumable. Dependent parameters included surgical abdominal diseases, intra-operative circumstances and postoperative short term mortality and morbidity. Between 1(st)April 2009 and 28(th) February 2010, 75 patients underwent laparoscopic surgery at the LDBMH making 1.5% of all abdominal surgical activities performed at this institution. The most performed procedure was appendicectomy for acute appendicitis (64%) followed by exploratory laparoscopy for various abdominal chronic pain (9.3%), adhesiolysis for repeated periods of subacute intestinal obstruction in previously laparotomised patients (9.3%), laparoscopic cholecystectomy for post acute cholecystitis on gall stone (5.3%) and partial colectomy for symptomatic redundant sigmoid colon (2.7%). There were 4% of conversion to laparotomy. Laparoscopic surgery consumed more time than laparotomy, mostly when dealing with appendicitis. However, postoperatively, patients did quite well. There was no death in this series. Nursing care was minimal with early discharge. These results are encouraging to pursue laparoscopic surgery with DRC Government and NGO's supports.

  2. First steps of laparoscopic surgery in Lubumbashi: problems encountered and preliminary results

    PubMed Central

    Arung, Willy; Dinganga, Nathalie; Ngoie, Emmanuel; Odimba, Etienne; Detry, Olivier

    2015-01-01

    For many reasons, laparoscopic surgery has been performed worldwide. Due to logistical constraints its first steps occurred in Lubumbashi only in 2008. The aim of this presentation was to report authors’ ten-month experience of laparoscopic surgery at Lubumbashi Don Bosco Missionary Hospital (LDBMH): problems encountered and preliminary results. The study was a transsectional descriptive work with a convenient sampling. It only took in account patients with abdominal surgical condition who consented to undergo laparoscopic surgery and when logistical constraints of the procedure were found. Independent variables were patients’ demographic parameters, staff, equipments and consumable. Dependent parameters included surgical abdominal diseases, intra-operative circumstances and postoperative short term mortality and morbidity. Between 1stApril 2009 and 28th February 2010, 75 patients underwent laparoscopic surgery at the LDBMH making 1.5% of all abdominal surgical activities performed at this institution. The most performed procedure was appendicectomy for acute appendicitis (64%) followed by exploratory laparoscopy for various abdominal chronic pain (9.3%), adhesiolysis for repeated periods of subacute intestinal obstruction in previously laparotomised patients (9.3%), laparoscopic cholecystectomy for post acute cholecystitis on gall stone (5.3%) and partial colectomy for symptomatic redundant sigmoid colon (2.7%). There were 4% of conversion to laparotomy. Laparoscopic surgery consumed more time than laparotomy, mostly when dealing with appendicitis. However, postoperatively, patients did quite well. There was no death in this series. Nursing care was minimal with early discharge. These results are encouraging to pursue laparoscopic surgery with DRC Government and NGO's supports. PMID:26448805

  3. Diode laser supported partial nephrectomy in laparoscopic surgery: preliminary results

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sroka, Ronald; Hennig, Georg; Zillinberg, Katja; Khoder, Wael Y.

    2011-07-01

    Introduction: Warm ischemia and bleeding during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy place technical constraints on surgeons. Therefore it was the aim to develop a safe and effective laser assisted partial nephrectomy technique without need for ischemia. Patients and methods: A diode laser emitting light at 1318nm in cw mode was coupled into a bare fibre (core diameter 600 μm) thus able to transfer up to 100W to the tissue. After dry lab experience, a total of 8 patients suffering from kidney malformations underwent laparoscopic/retroperitoneoscopic partial nephrectomy. Clinically, postoperative renal function and serum c-reactive protein (CRP) were monitored. Laser induced coagulation depth and effects on resection margins were evaluated. Demographic, clinical and follow-up data are presented. Results: Overall interventions, the mean operative time was 116,5 minutes (range 60-175min) with mean blood loss of 238ml (range 50-600ml) while laser assisted resection of the kidney tissue took max 15min. After extirpation of the tumours all patients showed clinical favourable outcome during follow up period. The tumour size was measured to be 1.8 to 5cm. With respect to clinical safety and due to blood loos, two warm ischemia (19 and 24min) must be performed. Immediate postoperative serum creatinine and CRP were elevated within 0.1 to 0.6 mg/dl (mean 0.18 mg/dl) and 2.1-10 mg/dl (mean 6.24 mg/dl), respectively. The depth of the coagulation on the removed tissue ranged between <1 to 2mm without effect on histopathological evaluation of tumours or resection margin. As the surface of the remaining kidney surface was laser assisted coagulated after removal. The sealing of the surface was induced by a slightly larger coagulation margin, but could not measured so far. Conclusion: This prospective in-vivo feasibility study shows that 1318nm-diode laser assisted partial nephrectomy seems to be a safe and promising medical technique which could be provided either during open surgery

  4. Robotic surgery

    MedlinePlus

    Robot-assisted surgery; Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery; Laparoscopic surgery with robotic assistance ... Robotic surgery is similar to laparoscopic surgery. It can be performed through smaller cuts than open surgery. ...

  5. What is going on in augmented reality simulation in laparoscopic surgery?

    PubMed

    Botden, Sanne M B I; Jakimowicz, Jack J

    2009-08-01

    To prevent unnecessary errors and adverse results of laparoscopic surgery, proper training is of paramount importance. A safe way to train surgeons for laparoscopic skills is simulation. For this purpose traditional box trainers are often used, however they lack objective assessment of performance. Virtual reality laparoscopic simulators assess performance, but lack realistic haptic feedback. Augmented reality (AR) combines a virtual reality (VR) setting with real physical materials, instruments, and feedback. This article presents the current developments in augmented reality laparoscopic simulation. Pubmed searches were performed to identify articles regarding surgical simulation and augmented reality. Identified companies manufacturing an AR laparoscopic simulator received the same questionnaire referring to the features of the simulator. Seven simulators that fitted the definition of augmented reality were identified during the literature search. Five of the approached manufacturers returned a completed questionnaire, of which one simulator appeared to be VR and was therefore not applicable for this review. Several augmented reality simulators have been developed over the past few years and they are improving rapidly. We recommend the development of AR laparoscopic simulators for component tasks of procedural training. AR simulators should be implemented in current laparoscopic training curricula, in particular for laparoscopic suturing training.

  6. Acquisition and retention of laparoscopic skills is different comparing conventional laparoscopic and single-incision laparoscopic surgery: a single-centre, prospective randomized study.

    PubMed

    Ellis, Scott Michael; Varley, Martin; Howell, Stuart; Trochsler, Markus; Maddern, Guy; Hewett, Peter; Runge, Tina; Mees, Soeren Torge

    2016-08-01

    Training in laparoscopic surgery is important not only to acquire and improve skills but also avoid the loss of acquired abilities. The aim of this single-centre, prospective randomized study was to assess skill acquisition of different laparoscopic techniques and identify the point in time when acquired skills deteriorate and training is needed to maintain these skills. Sixty surgical novices underwent laparoscopic surgery (LS) and single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) baseline training (BT) performing two validated tasks (peg transfer, precision cutting). The novices were randomized into three groups and skills retention testing (RT) followed after 8 (group A), 10 (group B) or 12 (group C) weeks accordingly. Task performance was measured in time with time penalties for insufficient task completion. 92 % of the participants completed the BT and managed to complete the task in the required time frame of proficiency. Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that SILS (P < 0.0001) and precision cutting (P < 0.0001) were significantly more difficult. Males performed significantly better than females (P < 0.005). For LS, a deterioration of skills (comparison of BT vs RT) was not identified; however, for SILS a significant deterioration of skills (adjustment of BT and RT values) was demonstrated for all groups (A-C) (P < 0.05). Our data reveal that complex laparoscopic tasks (cutting) and techniques (SILS) are more difficult to learn and acquired skills more difficult to maintain. Acquired LS skills were maintained for the whole observation period of 12 weeks but SILS skills had begun to deteriorate at 8 weeks. These data show that maintenance of LS and SILS skills is divergent and training curricula need to take these specifics into account.

  7. Combined laparoscopic cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy in a patient with peritoneal mesothelioma.

    PubMed

    Esquivel, Jesus; Averbach, Andrew

    2009-08-01

    The role of minimally invasive, laparoscopic hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has been reported by several centers around the world, mainly to palliate intractable ascites in patients with extensive peritoneal surface malignancies who are not candidates for a complete cytoreduction. In this paper, we report on the first case of combined laparoscopic cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC with curative intent in a patient with limited peritoneal mesothelioma.

  8. Fluorescence Ureteral Visualization in Human Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery Using Methylene Blue.

    PubMed

    Al-Taher, Mahdi; van den Bos, Jacqueline; Schols, Rutger M; Bouvy, Nicole D; Stassen, Laurents P S

    2016-11-01

    Ureteral injury during laparoscopic surgery is rare, but when it occurs, it can be a serious problem. Near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) with methylene blue (MB) administration is a promising technique for easier and potentially earlier intraoperative visualization of the ureter. Aim of this prospective study was to assess the feasibility of NIRF imaging of the ureter during laparoscopic colorectal surgery, using MB. Patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery were included and received intravenous injection of MB preoperatively. The ureter was visualized using a laparoscope, which offered both conventional and fluorescence imaging. Intraoperative recognition of the ureter was registered. The precision of ureter distinction with MB imaging was compared to the conventional laparoscopic view. Ten patients were included. All procedures were initially performed using a laparoscopic approach. Dose per injection ranged between 0.125 mg/kg and 1.0 mg/kg bodyweight. There were no adverse effects attributable to MB administration. The ureter was successfully detected in five patients, with highest contrast between ureter and surrounding tissue at an administered dose of 0.75-1.0 mg/kg. The fluorescent signal was only picked up after the ureter was already visible in the conventional white light mode. Ureteral fluorescence imaging using MB proved to be safe and feasible. However, the present technique does not provide practical advantage over conventional laparoscopic imaging for identification of the ureter during laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Future research is necessary to explore more extensive dose finding, alternative fluorescent dyes, or improvement of the imaging system to make this application clinically beneficial.

  9. Acupuncture and PC6 stimulation for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer: a study protocol for a three-arm randomised pilot trial

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Kun Hyung; Kim, Dae Hun; Bae, Ji Min; Son, Gyung Mo; Kim, Kyung Hee; Hong, Seung Pyo; Yang, Gi Young; Kim, Hee Young

    2017-01-01

    Introduction This study aims to assess the feasibility of acupuncture and a Pericardium 6 (PC6) wristband as an add-on intervention of antiemetic medication for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic colorectal cancer resection. Methods and analysis A total of 60 participants who are scheduled to undergo elective laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer will be recruited. An enhanced recovery after surgery protocol using standardised antiemetic medication will be provided for all participants. Participants will be equally randomised into acupuncture plus PC6 wristband (Acupuncture), PC6 wristband alone (Wristband), or no acupuncture or wristband (Control) groups using computer-generated random numbers concealed in opaque, sealed, sequentially numbered envelopes. For the acupuncture combined with PC6 wristband group, the embedded auricular acupuncture technique for preoperative anxiolysis and up to three sessions of acupuncture treatments with manual and electrical stimulation within 48 hours after surgery will be provided by qualified Korean medicine doctors. The PC6 wristband will be applied in the Acupuncture and Wristband groups, beginning 1 hour before surgery and lasting 48 hours postoperatively. The primary outcome will be the number of participants who experience moderate or severe nausea, defined as nausea at least 4 out of 10 on a severity numeric rating scale or vomiting at 24 hours after surgery. Secondary outcomes, including symptom severity, participant global assessments and satisfaction, quality of life, physiological recovery, use of medication and length of hospital stay, will be assessed. Adverse events and postoperative complications will be measured for 1 month after surgery. Ethics and dissemination All participants will provide written informed consent. The study has been approved by the institutional review board (IRB). This pilot trial will inform a full

  10. Laparoscopic surgery in a Nigerian teaching hospital for 1 year: challenges and effect on outcomes.

    PubMed

    Ismaila, B O; Shuaibu, S I; Samaila, S I; Ale, A A

    2013-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery has developed rapidly in developed nations within a relatively short time to become a major method of treating surgical diseases, with increasing application across specialties. However this is not the situation in developing countries like Nigeria. This may be as a result of local challenges to the performance of laparoscopic procedures. It is important to identify what these challenges are. We prospectively studied problems encountered during the performance of laparoscopic procedures, and their effects on the procedure in a Nigerian teaching hospital for a year. Demographic information, laparoscopic procedure, problems encountered and effect on procedure, and outcomes were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Our sample consisted of 21 patients who had laparoscopic procedures performed by the authors; 12 (57%) were therapeutic procedures. Average age was 34.1 years (range 18-50 years) and majority (61.9%) were female. Problems encountered included non functioning/malfunctioning equipment (76.2%), power outages (33.3%), and dead light source bulbs (14.3%). There were 5 (23.8%) conversions to open surgery as a result of problems encountered; another conversion (4.8%) was to tackle an ascending colon tumour discovered at laparoscopy. The performance of laparoscopic procedures in a Nigerian public hospital is affected largely by inadequate and often malfunctioning equipment, and attention to these may reduce rates of conversion to open surgery.

  11. Learning curve for robotic-assisted laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery.

    PubMed

    Jiménez-Rodríguez, Rosa M; Díaz-Pavón, José Manuel; de la Portilla de Juan, Fernando; Prendes-Sillero, Emilio; Dussort, Hisnard Cadet; Padillo, Javier

    2013-06-01

    One of the main uses of robotic assisted abdominal surgery is the mesorectal excision in patients with rectal cancer. The aim of the present study is to analyse the learning curve for robotic assisted laparoscopic resection of rectal cancer. We included in our study 43 consecutive rectal cancer resections (16 females and 27 males) performed from January 2008 through December 2010. Mean age of patients was 66 ± 9.0 years. Surgical procedures included both abdomino-perineal and anterior resections. We analysed the following parameters: demographic data of the patients included in the study, intra- and postoperative data, time taking to set up the robot for operations (set-up or docking time), operative time, intra- and postoperative complications, conversion rates and pathological specimen features. The learning curve was analysed using cumulative sum (CUSUM) methodology. The procedures understudied included seven abdomino-perineal resections and 36 anterior resections. In our series of patients, mean robotic set-up time was 62.9 ± 24.6 min, and the mean operative time was 197.4 ± 44.3 min. Once we applied CUSUM methodology, we obtained two graphs for CUSUM values (operating time and success), both of them showing three well-differentiated phases: phase 1 (the initial 9-11 cases), phase 2 (the middle 12 cases) and phase 3 (the remaining 20-22 cases). Phase 1 represents initial learning; phase 2 plateau represents increased competence in the use of the robotic system, and finally, phase 3 represents the period of highest skill or mastery with a reduction in docking time (p = 0.000), but a slight increase in operative time (p = 0.007). The CUSUM curve shows three phases in the learning and use of robotic assisted rectal cancer surgery which correspond to the phases of initial learning of the technique, consolidation and higher expertise or mastery. The data obtained suggest that the estimated learning curve for robotic assisted rectal cancer

  12. Meta-analysis of the results of randomized controlled trials that compared laparoscopic and open surgery for acute appendicitis.

    PubMed

    Ohtani, Hiroshi; Tamamori, Yutaka; Arimoto, Yuichi; Nishiguchi, Yukio; Maeda, Kiyoshi; Hirakawa, Kosei

    2012-10-01

    We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate and compare the outcomes of laparoscopic and open surgery for the treatment of patients with acute appendicitis. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Citation Index, and the Cochrane Controlled Trial Register for relevant papers published between January 1990 and February 2012. We analyzed 22 outcomes of laparoscopic and open surgery for acute appendicitis. We identified 39 papers reporting results from randomized controlled trials that compared laparoscopic surgery with open surgery for acute appendicitis. Our meta-analysis included 5,896 patients with acute appendicitis; 2,847 had undergone laparoscopic surgery, and 3,049 had undergone open surgery. Compared with open surgery, laparoscopic surgery was associated with longer operative time (by 13.12 min). However, compared with open surgery, laparoscopic surgery for acute appendicitis was associated with earlier resumption of liquid and solid intake; shorter duration of postoperative hospital stay; a reduction in dose numbers of parenteral and oral analgesics; earlier return to normal activity, work, and normal life; decreased occurrence of wound infection; a better cosmesis; and similar hospital charges. Laparoscopic surgery may now be the standard treatment for acute appendicitis.

  13. Preliminary experience with laparoscopic surgery in Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Adisa, A O; Arowolo, O A; Salako, A A; Lawal, O O

    2009-12-01

    This study presents a pioneer experience with laparoscopic operations in a General Surgical unit of the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Consecutive patients who had laparoscopic operations from April through December 2008 were prospectively studied. Following clinical diagnosis, initial diagnostic laparoscopy was undertaken in all patients, followed by therapeutic open or laparoscopic procedures. All procedures were done under general anaesthesia. Duration of operation and outcome including complications were recorded. In all, there were 12 patients (8 males, 4 females), aged 15 to 50 years. Eight patients had clinical diagnoses of acute appendicitis, one each had undetermined right lower abdominal pain suspected ectopic gestation, adhesive intestinal obstruction and metastatic liver disease. The first 4 patients with inflammed appendix confirmed at laparoscopy had open appendicectomy. Of the next cohort of 5 patients, laparoscopic appendicectomy was completed in four but converted to open procedure in one. Normal findings were noted in the lady with suspected ectopic gestation. Laparoscopic adhesiolysis was done for adhesive intestinal obstruction while a laparoscopic liver biopsy was done for the patient with metastatic liver disease. Operative time ranged from 55-105 minutes with marked reduction in operation time as confidence and experience grew. No intraoperative complication was observed but one patient had superficial port site infection postoperatively. We conclude that with good patient selection and some improvisation, laparoscopic general surgical operations are feasible with acceptable outcome even in a poor resource setting.

  14. Laparoscopic Surgery is Useful for Preventing Recurrence of Small Bowel Obstruction After Surgery for Postoperative Small Bowel Obstruction.

    PubMed

    Nakamura, Takatoshi; Sato, Takeo; Naito, Masanori; Ogura, Naoto; Yamanashi, Takahiro; Miura, Hirohisa; Tsutsui, Atsuko; Yamashita, Keishi; Watanabe, Masahiko

    2016-02-01

    Risk factors for recurrence postoperative small bowel obstruction in patients who have postoperative abdominal surgery remain unclear. The study group comprised 123 patients who underwent surgery for ileus that developed after abdominal surgery from 1999 through 2013. There were 58 men (47%) and 65 women (53%), with a mean age of 63 years (range, 17 to 92 y). The following surgical procedures were performed: lower gastrointestinal surgery in 47 patients (39%), gynecologic surgery in 39 (32%), upper gastrointestinal surgery in 15 (12%), appendectomy in 9 (7%), cholecystectomy in 5 (4%), urologic surgery in 5 (4%), and repair of injuries caused by traffic accidents in 3 (2%). Laparoscopic surgery was performed in 75 patients (61%), and open surgery was done in 48 (39%). We examined the following 11 potential risk factors for recurrence of small bowel obstruction after surgery for ileus: sex, age, body mass index, the number of episodes of ileus, the number of previously performed operations, the presence or absence of radiotherapy, the previously used surgical technique, the current surgical technique (laparoscopic surgery, open surgery), operation time, bleeding volume, and the presence or absence of enterectomy. The median follow-up was 57 months (range, 7 to 185 mo). Laparoscopic surgery was switched to open surgery in 11 patients (18%). The reason for surgery for postoperative small bowel obstruction was adhesion to the midline incision in 36 patients (29%), band formation in 30 (24%), intrapelvic adhesion in 23 (19%), internal hernia in 13 (11%), small bowel adhesion in 20 (16%), and others in 1 (1%). Postoperative complications developed in 35 patients (28%): wound infection in 12 (10%), recurrence of postoperative small bowel obstruction in 12 (10%), paralytic ileus in 4 (3%), intra-abdominal abscess in 3 (2%), suture failure in 1 (1%), anastomotic bleeding in 1 (1%), enteritis in 1 (1%), and dysuria in 1 (1%). Enterectomy was performed in 42 patients (38

  15. Reversal of the Hartmann's procedure: A comparative study of laparoscopic versus open surgery

    PubMed Central

    Melkonian, Ernesto; Heine, Claudio; Contreras, David; Rodriguez, Marcelo; Opazo, Patricio; Silva, Andres; Robles, Ignacio; Rebolledo, Rolando

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The Hartmann's operation, although less frequently performed today, is still used when initial colonic anastomosis is too risky in the short term. However, the subsequent procedure to restore gastrointestinal continuity is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The review of an institutional review board (IRB)-approved prospectively maintained database provided data on the Hartmann's reversal procedure performed by either laparoscopic or open technique at our institution. The data collected included: demographic data, operative approach, conversion for laparoscopic cases and perioperative morbidity and mortality. RESULTS: Over a 14-year period from January 1997 to August 2011, 74 Hartmann's reversal procedures were performed (laparoscopic surgery—49, open surgery—25). The average age was 55 years for the laparoscopic and 57 years for the open surgery group, respectively. Male patients represent 61% of both groups. There was no significant difference in operative time between the two groups (149 min vs 151 min; P = 0.95), and there was a tendency to lower morbidity (3/49—7.3% vs 4/25—16%; P = 0.24) in the laparoscopic surgery group. In the laparoscopic group, eight patients (16.3%) were converted to open surgery, mostly due to severe adhesions. The length of hospital stay was significantly shorter for the laparoscopic group (5 days vs 7 days; P = 0.44). CONCLUSIONS: The Hartmann's reversal procedure can be safely performed in the majority of the cases using a laparoscopic approach with a low morbidity rate and achieving a shorter hospital stay. PMID:27251820

  16. CURRENT STATUS OF RESIDENCY TRAINING IN LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY IN BRAZIL: A CRITICAL REVIEW

    PubMed Central

    NÁCUL, Miguel Prestes; CAVAZZOLA, Leandro Totti; de MELO, Marco Cezário

    2015-01-01

    Introduction The surgeon's formation process has changed in recent decades. The increase in medical schools, new specialties and modern technologies induce an overhaul of medical education. Medical residency in surgery has established itself as a key step in the formation of the surgeon, and represents the ideal and natural way for teaching laparoscopy. However, the introduction of laparoscopic surgery in the medical residency programs in surgical specialties is insufficient, creating the need for additional training after its termination. Objective To review the surgical teaching ways used in services that published their results. Methods Survey of relevant publications in books, internet and databases in PubMed, Lilacs and Scielo through july 2014 using the headings: laparoscopy; simulation; education, medical; learning; internship and residency. Results The training method for medical residency in surgery focused on surgical procedures in patients under supervision, has proven successful in the era of open surgery. However, conceptually turns as a process of experimentation in humans. Psychomotor learning must not be developed directly to the patient. Training in laparoscopic surgery requires the acquisition of psychomotor skills through training conducted initially with surgical simulation. Platforms based teaching problem solving as the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery, developed by the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgery and the Laparoscopic Surgical Skills proposed by the European Society of Endoscopic Surgery has been widely used both for education and for the accreditation of surgeons worldwide. Conclusion The establishment of a more appropriate pedagogical process for teaching laparoscopic surgery in the medical residency programs is mandatory in order to give a solid surgical education and to determine a structured and safe professional activity. PMID:25861077

  17. Incidence of postoperative venous thromboembolism after laparoscopic versus open colorectal cancer surgery: a meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Cui, Guoce; Wang, Xiaofeng; Yao, Weiwei; Li, Huashan

    2013-04-01

    The objective of this study was to systematically compare the incidence of postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE; deep vein thrombosis and/or pulmonary embolism) in patients with colorectal cancer after laparoscopic surgery and conventional open surgery. A systematic search of Medline, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was conducted. Eleven randomized control trials involving 3058 individuals who reported VTE outcomes were identified, of whom 1677 were treated with laparoscopic therapy and 1381 underwent open surgery. The combined results of the individual trials showed no statistically significant difference in the odds ratio for overall VTE (odds ratio 0.64, 95% confidence interval, 0.33-1.23, P=0.18), as well as in subgroups of deep vein thrombosis and anticoagulant prophylaxis between these 2 approaches. In conclusion, laparoscopic resection could achieve similar outcomes in terms of the incidence of VTE, which are associated with long-term benefits of the patients.

  18. Review of 500 single incision laparoscopic colorectal surgery cases - Lessons learned

    PubMed Central

    Keller, Deborah S; Flores-Gonzalez, Juan R; Ibarra, Sergio; Haas, Eric M

    2016-01-01

    Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is a minimally invasive platform with specific benefits over traditional multiport laparoscopic surgery. The safety and feasibility of SILS has been proven, and the applications continue to grow with experience. After 500 cases at a high-volume, single-institution, we were able to standardize instrumentation and operative steps, as well as develop adaptations in technique to help overcome technical and ergonomic challenges. These technical adaptations have allowed the successful application of SILS to technically difficult patient populations, such as pelvic cases, inflammatory bowel disease cases, and high body mass index patients. This review is a frame of reference for the application and wider integration of the single incision laparoscopic platform in colorectal surgery. PMID:26811615

  19. Annual repeat rates of laparoscopic surgery: a marker of practice variation.

    PubMed

    Jarrell, John

    2010-01-01

    Use of laparoscopy is an area of interest owing to a previous report of significant numbers of repeat laparoscopic surgery in some women in Alberta, Canada. It was hypothesized that analyzing individual-woman rates of annual repeat procedures documents potential overuse of laparoscopic surgery. Administrative data concerning yearly individual specific laparoscopy experiences were obtained from Alberta Health and Wellness for the years 1996 to 2007. Rates of repeat diagnostic and operative laparoscopic procedures were determined for each fiscal year and analyzed using statistical process control methods. The rate of reoperation for an individual woman for both procedures has "special causes" of variation. Rates of reoperation within the fiscal year varied significantly. The reasons could include operating room access, initial clinical enthusiasm for new surgery, changing surgical skills, and changing processes in decision making. The presence of such variation will require policy initiatives to address high rates of annual repeat procedures.

  20. The Feasibility of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Patients with Previous Abdominal Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Diez, J.; Delbene, R.; Ferreres, A.

    1998-01-01

    A retrospective study was carried in 1500 patients submitted to elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy to ascertain its feasibility in patients with previous abdominal surgery. In 411 patients (27.4%) previous infraumbilical intraperitoneal surgery had been performed, and 106 of them (7.06%) had 2 or more operations. Twenty five patients (1.66%) had previous supraumbilical intraperitoneal operations (colonic resection, hydatid liver cysts, gastrectomies, etc.) One of them had been operated 3 times. In this group of 25 patients the first trocar and pneumoperitoneum were performed by open laparoscopy. In 2 patients a Marlex mesh was present from previous surgery for supraumbilical hernias. Previous infraumbilical intraperitoneal surgery did not interfere with laparoscopic cholecystectomy, even in patients with several operations. There was no morbidity from Verres needle or trocars. In the 25 patients with supraumbilical intraperitoneal operations, laparoscopic cholecystectomy was completed in 22. In 3, adhesions prevented the visualization of the gallbladder and these patients were converted to an open procedure. In the 2 patients Marlex mesh prevented laparoscopic cholecystectomy because of adhesions to abdominal organs. We conclude that in most instances previous abdominal operations are no contraindication to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:9515231

  1. Laparoscopic surgery and polycystic liver disease: Clinicopathological features and new trends in management

    PubMed Central

    Martinez-Perez, Aleix; Alberola-Soler, Antonio; Domingo-del Pozo, Carlos; Pemartin-Comella, Beatriz; Martinez-Lopez, Elias; Vazquez-Tarragon, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Polycystic liver disease (PLD) has a low frequency overall in the worldwide population. As the patient's symptoms are produced by the expansion of hepatic volume, the different therapeutic alternatives are focused on reducing it. Surgery is still considered the most effective treatment for symptomatic PLD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of laparoscopic surgery for PLD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 14 patients who were diagnosed with symptomatic PLD and underwent surgery by a laparoscopic approach between 2004 and 2012. It involved collecting data on the characteristics of those patients and their liver disease, surgical procedures, intra- and postoperative complications, and the long-term follow-up. RESULTS: Twelve laparoscopic multiple-cyst fenestrations and two segmentary liver resections associated with remaining-cyst fenestration were performed. One procedure required conversion to laparotomy and the other was complicated by anhepatic severe bleeding. The rest of the procedures were uneventful. One patient developed persistent self-limited ascites in the immediate postoperative period. Symptoms disappeared after surgical intervention in all patients. During a median follow-up of 62 months (range 14-113 months), there were two clinical recurrences and one asymptomatic radiological recurrence. One patient required further surgery. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic cystic fenestration and laparoscopic liver resection are safe and long-term, effective procedures for the treatment of symptomatic PLD. Severity and morphological characteristics of the hepatic disease will determine the surgical indication and the optimal approach for each patient. PMID:27279400

  2. Periumbilical vs transumbilical laparoscopic incision: A patients' satisfaction-centered randomised trial.

    PubMed

    Bouffard-Cloutier, Audrey; Paré, Alex; McFadden, Nathalie

    2017-07-01

    While studies suggested that transumbilical incisions (TUI) incur better postoperative cosmetic satisfaction scores (CSS) and shorter operative time (OT) than periumbilical incisions (PUI) during general surgery laparoscopic interventions, others did not. Concerns have been raised toward the potential negative impact of TUI on the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) but this issue is under documented. A controlled trial was conducted between August 2014 and August 2015 in our hospital. Individuals aged 18-70 undergoing a laparoscopic rectopexy, cholecystectomy, appendectomy or proctocolectomy were considered. Patients were randomized in two groups (PUI or TUI) following a 1:1 allocation ratio. Participants with a body mass index >40, with a history of abdominal surgery, undergoing co-operations, requesting a specific incision or converted to open surgery were excluded. Among the 56 randomized patients, 50 (27 PUI vs 23 PUI) produced analyzable data. There were no significant difference between the characteristics of both groups. CSS evolution (pre-op vs 1 month post-op), SSI incidence and OT were also comparable. Only 28% of participants valued the appearance of their umbilicus prior to intervention. Those who did had a significantly worst CSS evolution (OR -1.7; IC95-2.6/-0.72, p = 0.001). Higher preoperative CSS was also a predictor of postoperative CSS decline (OR -0.4; IC95-0.6/-0.2, p = 0.001). SUI and TUI were similar for all tested outcomes. Among the participants, the minority of patients who valued the appearance of their umbilicus and those with a high preoperative CSS were particularly prone to postoperative CSS decline. Copyright © 2017 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Laparoscopic surgery of pancreatic cancer: state of the art.

    PubMed

    Croce, Enrico; Olmi, Stefano; Bertolini, Aimone; Magnone, Stefano

    2005-01-01

    The use of laparoscopy in pancreatic cancer offers a significant contribution to the diagnosis and treatment of this disease. Both laparoscopic staging and treatment of pancreatic cancer have proved feasible and effective. This paper reviews the literature on this topic, by a Medline search using the words laparoscopy and pancreas. Various aspects are considered: staging, treatment and palliation. Cross-references from the articles retrieved were reviewed. The efficacy and safety of diagnostic laparoscopy and ultrasonography, lowering the rate of useless laparotomies, is evident in most studies. Moreover laparoscopic resection of the body and tail of the pancreas, as well as palliation of digestive obstruction has been demonstrated as feasible. Controversy exists on feasibility of pancreatoduodenectomy. Laparoscopic gastric outlet obstruction bypass and laparoscopic biliary decompression have been reported with good results compared to open surgical procedures. Randomized controlled trials are required to validate promising results coming from the reported series, mainly retrospective.

  4. Robotic Surgery in Uro-Oncology: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials.

    PubMed

    Steffens, Daniel; Thanigasalam, Ruban; Leslie, Scott; Maneck, Bharvi; Young, Jane M; Solomon, Michael

    2017-03-20

    Robotic surgery represents a new horizon in minimally-invasive urological surgery. This systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis examines the effectiveness of robotic surgery compared with laparoscopic or open surgery for major uro-oncological procedures. 25 articles reported findings from 8 trials of prostatectomy (4 trials) and cystectomy (4 trials) including 1033 participants. Robotic surgery is comparable to laparoscopic or open surgery for oncological outcomes, overall complications, and provides somewhat better functional outcome, when compared to laparoscopic and open surgery.

  5. Laparoscopic antireflux surgery with routine mesh-hiatoplasty in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease.

    PubMed

    Granderath, Frank A; Schweiger, Ursula M; Kamolz, Thomas; Pasiut, Martin; Haas, Christoph F; Pointner, Rudolph

    2002-01-01

    One of the most frequent complications after laparoscopic antireflux surgery is intrathoracic migration of the wrap ("slipped" Nissen fundoplication). The most common reasons for this are inadequate closure of the crura or disruption of the crural closure. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate surgical outcomes in patients who underwent laparoscopic antireflux surgery with simple nonabsorbable polypropylene sutures for hiatal closure in comparison to patients who underwent routine mesh-hiatoplasty. Between 1993 and 1998, a group of 361 patients underwent primary laparoscopic Nissen or Toupet fundoplication with the use of simple nonabsorbable polypropylene sutures for hiatal closure. Since December 1998, in all patients (n = 170) who underwent laparoscopic antireflux surgery, a 1 x 3 cm polypropylene mesh was placed on the crura behind the esophagus to reinforce them. Functional outcome, symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease, and postoperative complications such as recurrent hiatal hernia with or without intrathoracic migration of the wrap have been used for assessment of outcomes. In the initial series of 361 patients, postoperative herniation of the wrap occurred in 22 patients (6.1%). Of these 22 patients, 17 of them (4.7%) had to undergo laparoscopic redo surgery. The remaining five patients were free of symptoms. In comparison to these results, in a second group of 170 patients there was only one (0.6%) who had postoperative herniation of the wrap into the chest. There have been no significant differences in objective data such as DeMeester scores or lower esophageal sphincter pressure between the two groups. Postoperative dysphagia was increased during the early period after surgery in patients undergoing mesh-hiatoplasty but resolved without any further treatment within the first year after laparoscopic antireflux surgery. We concluded that routine hiatoplasty with the use of a polypropylene mesh is effective in preventing postoperative

  6. Active and Passive Haptic Training Approaches in VR Laparoscopic Surgery Training.

    PubMed

    Marutani, Takafumi; Kato, Toma; Tagawa, Kazuyoshi; Tanaka, Hiromi T; Komori, Masaru; Kurumi, Yoshimasa; Morikawa, Shigehiro

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery has become a widely performed surgery as it is one of the most common minimally invasive surgeries. Doctors perform the surgery by manipulating thin and long surgical instruments precisely with the assistance of laparoscopic video with limited field of view. The power control of the instruments' tip is especially very important, because excessive power may damage internal organs. The training of this surgical technique is mainly supervised by an expert in hands-on coaching program. However, it is difficult for the experts to spend sufficient time for coaching. Therefore, we aim to teach the expert's hand movements in laparoscopic surgery to trainees using VR-based simulator, which is equipped with a guidance force display device. To realize the system, we propose two haptic training approaches for transferring the expert's hand movements to the trainee. One is active training, and the other is passive training. The former approach shows the expert's movements only when the trainee makes large errors while the latter shows the expert's movements continuously. In this study, we validate the applicability of these approaches through tasks in VR laparoscopic surgery training simulator, and identify the differences between these approaches.

  7. Current Status of Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery in Pediatric Urology

    PubMed Central

    Song, Sang Hoon

    2014-01-01

    Laparoscopic procedures for urological diseases in children have been proven to be safe and effective. However, the availability of laparoscopic procedures is still partly limited to experienced, high-volume centers because the procedures are technically demanding. The da Vinci robot system is being used for an increasing variety of reconstructive procedures because of the advantages of this approach, such as motion scaling, greater optical magnification, stereoscopic vision, increased instrument tip dexterity, and tremor filtration. Particularly in pediatric urologic surgery, where the operational field is limited owing to the small abdominal cavity of children, robotic surgical technology has its own strengths. Currently, robots are used to perform most surgeries in children that can be performed laparoscopically. In this review, we aimed to provide a comprehensive overview of the current role of robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery in Pediatric Urology by analyzing the published data in this field. A growing body of evidence supports the view that robotic technology is technically feasible and safe in pediatric urological surgery. Robotic technology provides additional benefits for performing reconstructive urologic surgery, such as in pyeloplasty, ureteral reimplantation, and enterocystoplasty procedures. The main limitations to robotic surgery are its high purchase and maintenance costs and that the cost-effectiveness of this technology remains to be validated. PMID:25132942

  8. The Laparosound{trade mark, serif}-an ultrasonic morcellator for use in laparoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malinowski, Igor; Łobodzinski, Suave S.; Paśniczek, Roman

    2012-05-01

    The laparoscopic surgery has gained presence in the operating room in cases where it is feasible to spare patient trauma and minimize the hospital stay. One unique challenge in laparoscopic/endoscopic surgery is operating and removing tissue volume through keyhole - trocar. The removal of tissues by fragmentation is generally termed morcellation. We proposed a new method for soft tissue morcellation using laparoscopy. A unique ultrasonic laparoscopic surgical device, termed Laparosound{trade mark, serif}, utilizing laparoscopic high amplitude ultrasonic waveguides, operating in edge mode, has been developed that uses the principle of ultrasonic cavitation phenomenon for excision and morcellation of a variety of tissue types. The local ultrasonic acoustic intensity at the distal waveguide tip is sufficiently high that the liquefaction of moist tissue occurs. The mechanism of tissue morcellation is deemed to be cavitation based, therefore is dependant on water content in tissue, and thus its effectiveness depends on tissue type. This results in ultrasound being efficient in moist tissue and sparing dry, collagen rich blood vessels and thus minimizes bleeding. The applications of such device in particular, commonly encountered, could lay in general and ob/gyn laparoscopic surgery, whereas other applications could emerge. The design of power ultrasonic instruments for mass clinical applications poses however unique challenges, such as ability to design and build ultrasonic resonators that last in conditions of ultrasonic fatigue. These highly non-linear devices, whose behavior is hard to predict, have become the challenge of the author of the present paper. The object of work is to design and build an operating device capable of ultrasonic soft tissue morcellation in laparoscopic surgery. This includes heavy computational ultrasonics verified by testing and manufacturing feasibility using titanium biomedical alloys. The prototype Laparosound{trade mark, serif} device

  9. Development of a laparoscope with multi-resolution foveation capability for minimally invasive surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qin, Yi; Hua, Hong; Nguyen, Mike

    2013-03-01

    Laparoscope is the essential tool for minimally invasive surgery (MIS) within the abdominal cavity. However, the focal length of a conventional laparoscope is fixed. Therefore, it suffers from the tradeoff between field of view (FOV) and spatial resolution. In order to obtain large optical magnification to see more details, a conventional laparoscope is usually designed with a small working distance, typically less than 50mm. Such a small working distance limits the field of coverage, which causes the situational awareness challenge during the laparoscopic surgery. We developed a multi-resolution foveated laparoscope (MRFL) aiming to address this limitation. The MRFL was designed to support a large working distance range from 80mm to 180mm. It is able to simultaneously provide both wide-angle overview and high-resolution image of the surgical field in real time within a fully integrated system. The high-resolution imaging probe can automatically scan and engage to any subfield of the wide-angle view. During the surgery, MRFL does not need to move; therefore it can reduce the instruments conflicts. The FOV of the wide-angle imaging probe is 80° and that of the high-resolution imaging probe is 26.6°. The maximum resolution is about 45um in the object space at an 80mm working distance, which is about 5 times as good as a conventional laparoscope at a 50mm working distance. The prototype can realize an equivalent 10 million-pixel resolution by using only two HD cameras because of its foveation capability. It saves the bandwidth and improves the frame rate compared to the use of a super resolution camera. It has great potential to aid safety and accuracy of the laparoscopic surgery.

  10. Laparoscopic animal surgery for training without sacrificing animals; introducing the rabbit as a model for infantile laparoscopy.

    PubMed

    Simforoosh, Nasser; Khazaeli, Mahziar; Nouralizadeh, Akbar; Soltani, Mohammad Hossein; Samzadeh, Mohammad; Saffarian, Omid; Rahmani, Jalaleddin

    2011-12-01

    Improvement in laparoscopic skills requires practicing, and it is mostly beneficial when live animal models are considered for use. Apart from pelvic trainer, dogs and rabbits are used as the animal models for training laparoscopic surgeries at our center. Every effort is made to keep the animals alive after surgery. From January 2007 to January 2010, German shepherd dogs and Angora rabbits were selected as the animal models for laparoscopic skill training. Under general anesthesia, trainees performed several laparoscopic surgeries under the supervision of experienced surgeons. A total number of 72 animals including 54 dogs and 18 rabbits were used for training laparoscopy. In total, some 107 different laparoscopic procedures were performed by trainees including nephrectomy, nephropexy, vesicotomy and vesicorrhaphy, vasectomies, spermatic cord ligation, and unilateral oophrectomy. There were one vascular and two visceral injuries in the rabbit model that were laparoscopically controlled, and conversion to open surgery happened in one case due to the failure in extracting the specimen from the abdominal cavity. Three visceral and six vascular injuries occurred in the canine model. Total mortality was five including three rabbits and two dogs. The sacrifice of the animal is important to be avoided from both ethical and technical stand points. Dogs and rabbits are good models for laparoscopic training in urology, and it is possible to keep the animals alive after surgery by close monitoring. We also found the rabbit to be a good model for practicing infantile laparoscopic surgery, as it simulates the real surgery in this difficult age group.

  11. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy under spinal-epidural anesthesia vs. general anaesthesia: a prospective randomised study.

    PubMed

    Donmez, Turgut; Erdem, Vuslat Muslu; Uzman, Sinan; Yildirim, Dogan; Avaroglu, Huseyin; Ferahman, Sina; Sunamak, Oguzhan

    2017-03-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is usually performed under the general anesthesia (GA). Aim of the study is to investigate the availability, safety and side effects of combined spinal/epidural anesthesia (CSEA) and comparison it with GA for LC. Forty-nine patients who have a LC plan were included into the study. The patients were randomly divided into GA (n = 25) and CSEA (n = 24) groups. Intraoperative and postoperative adverse events, postoperative pain levels were compared between groups. Anesthesia procedures and surgeries for all patients were successfully completed. After the organization of pneumoperitoneum in CSEA group, 3 patients suffered from shoulder pain (12.5%) and 4 patients suffered from abdominal discomfort (16.6%). All these complaints were recovered with IV fentanyl administration. Only 1 patient developed hypotension which is recovered with fluid replacement and no need to use vasopressor treatment. Postoperative shoulder pain was significantly less observed in CSEA group (25% vs. 60%). Incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) was less observed in CSEA group but not statistically significant (4.2% vs. 20%). In the group of CSEA, 3 patients suffered from urinary retention (12.5%) and 2 patients suffered from spinal headache (8.3%). All postoperative pain parameters except 6th hour, were less observed in CSEA group, less VAS scores and less need to analgesic treatment in CSEA group comparing with GA group. CSEA can be used safely for laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Less postoperative surgical field pain, shoulder pain and PONV are the advantages of CSEA compared to GA.

  12. Gum chewing combined with oral intake of a semi-liquid diet in the postoperative care of patients after gynaecologic laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Pan, Yuping; Chen, Li; Zhong, Xiaorong; Feng, Suwen

    2017-10-01

    To evaluate the effects of gum chewing combined with a semi-liquid diet on patients after gynaecologic laparoscopic surgery. Previous studies suggested that chewing gum before traditional postoperative care promotes the postoperative recovery of bowel motility and function after open and laparoscopic surgery. However, gum chewing combined with a semi-liquid diet has not been reported in postoperative care of patients following gynaecologic laparoscopic surgery. A prospective randomised study. Total 234 patients were randomly assigned after elective gynaecologic laparoscopic surgery to a gum chewing and semi-liquid diet group, a semi-liquid only diet group or a liquid diet group. The gum chewing and semi-liquid diet group chewed sugar-free gum with an oral intake of a semi-liquid diet six hours postoperatively. The semi-liquid only diet and liquid diet groups received a semi-liquid diet or a liquid diet, respectively. The time to first bowel sounds, time to first regular postoperative bowel sounds, time to first passage of flatus, time to first defecation, serum gastrin and incidences of hunger, nausea, vomiting and abdominal distension were recorded. Hunger and gastrointestinal sensations were assessed using a four-point scale. Serum gastrin was assayed pre- and postoperatively using a gastrin radioimmunoassay kit. The gum chewing and semi-liquid diet group had first bowel sounds, first regular bowel sounds, first passage of flatus and first defecation earlier than the semi-liquid only and liquid groups. Increased serum gastrin was observed in the gum chewing and semi-liquid diet group. Incidences of nausea, vomiting and abdominal distention were not significantly different between these groups. Chewing gum combined with an oral intake of a semi-liquid diet is safe and accelerates the postoperative recovery of bowel function. It might be recommended as a better postoperative care regimen for patients after gynaecologic laparoscopic surgery. This study developed a

  13. Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) versus conventional laparoscopic surgery for adnexal preservation: a randomized controlled study

    PubMed Central

    Cho, Yeon Jean; Kim, Mi-La; Lee, Soo Yoon; Lee, Hee Suk; Kim, Joo Myoung; Joo, Kwan Young

    2012-01-01

    Objective To compare the operative outcomes, postoperative pain, and subsequent convalescence after laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) or conventional laparoscopic surgery for adnexal preservation. Study design From December 2009 to September 2010, 63 patients underwent LESS (n = 33) or a conventional laparoscopic surgery (n = 30) for cyst enucleation. The overall operative outcomes including postoperative pain measurement using the visual analog scale (VAS) were evaluated (time points 6, 24, and 24 hours). The convalescence data included data obtained from questionnaires on the need for analgesics and on patient-reported time to recovery end points. Results The preoperative characteristics did not significantly differ between the two groups. The postoperative hemoglobin drop was higher in the LESS group than in the conventional laparoscopic surgery group (P = 0.048). Postoperative pain at each VAS time point, oral analgesic requirement, intramuscular analgesic requirement, and the number of days until return to work were similar in both groups. Conclusion In adnexa-preserving surgery performed in reproductive-age women, the operative outcomes, including satisfaction of the patients and convalescence after surgery, are comparable for LESS and conventional laparoscopy. LESS may be a feasible and a promising alternative method for scarless abdominal surgery in the treatment of young women with adnexal cysts PMID:22448110

  14. Design and preliminary in vivo validation of a robotic laparoscope holder for minimally invasive surgery.

    PubMed

    Herman, Benoît; Dehez, Bruno; Duy, Khanh Tran; Raucent, Benoît; Dombre, Etienne; Krut, Sébastien

    2009-09-01

    Manual manipulation of the camera is a major source of difficulties encountered by surgeons while performing minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery. A survey of laparoscopic procedures and a review of existing active and passive holders were conducted. Based on these analyses, essential requirements were highlighted for such devices. Pursuant to this, a novel active laparoscope manipulator was designed, paying particular attention to ergonomics and ease of use. Several trials on the pelvitrainer and a first in vivo procedure were performed to validate the original design of our device. Phantom experiments demonstrated ease of use of the robot and advantages of the intuitive joystick with omnidirectional displacements and speed control. The compactness of the device and image stability were appreciated during the surgical trial. A novel robotic laparoscope holder has been developed and produced. An in vivo trial proved its value in clinical practice, enabling surgeons to work more comfortably.

  15. Development and evaluation of a master-slave robot system for single-incision laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Horise, Yuki; Nishikawa, Atsushi; Sekimoto, Mitsugu; Kitanaka, Yu; Miyoshi, Norikatsu; Takiguchi, Shuji; Doki, Yuichiro; Mori, Masaki; Miyazaki, Fumio

    2012-03-01

    PURPOSE : Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) brings cosmetic benefits for patients, but this procedure is more difficult than laparoscopic surgery. In order to reduce surgeons' burden, we have developed a master-slave robot system which can provide robot-assisted SILS as if it were performing conventional laparoscopic surgery and confirmed the feasibility of our proposed system. METHODS : The proposed system is composed of an input device (master side), a surgical robot system (slave side), and a control PC. To perform SILS in the same style as regular laparoscopic surgery, input instruments are inserted into multiple incisions, and the tip position and pose of the left-sided (right-sided) robotic instrument on the slave side follow those of the right-sided (left-sided) input instruments on the master side by means of a control command from the PC. To validate the proposed system, we defined four operating conditions and conducted simulation experiments and physical experiments with surgeons under these conditions, then compared the results. RESULTS : In the simulation experiments, we found learning effects between trials (P = 0.00013 < 0.05). Our proposed system had no significant difference from a condition simulating classical laparoscopic surgery (P = 0.23 > 0.1), and the task time of our system was significantly shorter than the simulated SILS (P = 0.011 < 0.05). In the physical experiments, our system performed SILS more easily, efficiently, and intuitively than the other operating conditions. CONCLUSION : Our proposed system enabled the surgeons to perform SILS as if they were operating conventionally with laparoscopic techniques.

  16. Current State of Laparoscopic Colonic Surgery in Austria: A National Survey.

    PubMed

    Klugsberger, Bettina; Haas, Dietmar; Oppelt, Peter; Neuner, Ludwig; Shamiyeh, Andreas

    2015-12-01

    Several studies have demonstrated that laparoscopic colonic resection has significant benefits in comparison with open approaches in patients with benign and malignant disease. The proportion of colonic and rectal resections conducted laparoscopically in Austria is not currently known; the aim of this study was to evaluate the current status of laparoscopic colonic surgery in Austria. A questionnaire was distributed to all general surgical departments in Austria. In collaboration with IMAS, an Austrian market research institute, an online survey was used to identify laparoscopic and open colorectal resections performed in 2013. The results were compared with data from the National Hospital Morbidity Database (NHMD), in which administrative in-patient data were also collected from all general surgical departments in Austria in 2013. Fifty-three of 99 surgical departments in Austria responded (53.5%); 4335 colonic and rectal resections were carried out in the participating departments, representing 50.5% of all NHMD-recorded colorectal resections (n = 8576) in Austria in 2013. Of these 4335 colonic and rectal resections, 2597 (59.9%) were carried out using an open approach, 1674 (38.6%) were laparoscopic, and an exact classification was not available for 64 (1.5%). Among the NHMD-recorded colonic and rectal resections, 6342 (73.9%) were carried out with an open approach, and 2234 (26.1%) were laparoscopic. The proportion of colorectal resections that are carried out laparoscopically is low (26.1%). Technical challenges and a learning curve with a significant number of cases may be reasons for the slow adoption of laparoscopic colonic surgery.

  17. Does previous abdominal surgery effect the feasibility of total laparoscopic hysterectomy?

    PubMed Central

    Çelik, Cem; Abalı, Remzi; Taşdemir, Nicel; Aksu, Erson; Akkuş, Didem; Gül, Abdülaziz

    2013-01-01

    Objective: The primary aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of previous abdominal surgery on the feasibility of performing and the safety of total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH). Material and Methods: In this retrospective study, we analysed 62 laparoscopic hysterectomies which were performed at our institute between February 2011 and January 2013. We chose to perform laparoscopic surgery for all patients, including those who had previously undergone abdominal surgery. The patients were classified into two groups: Group 1 included patients with a history of abdominal surgery (n=24) and Group 2 included patients without a history of abdominal surgery (n=38). Results: The operating period was compared in both groups: 184.43±51.0 min. for Group 1 and 195.41±64.1 min. for Group 2 (p=0.471). Postoperative hospital stay and blood loss was also compared. There was just 1 conversion from TLH to a laparotomy in both groups. None of the patients in Group 1 needed a blood transfusion, whereas 1 in Group 2 did. Conclusion: We found that operation time, postoperative hospital stay, blood loss, rate of operative complications or conversion rate to open surgery between patients with and without a history of abdominal surgery were comparable. Therefore, it appears that a history of abdominal surgery does not adversely affect the safety of TLH. PMID:24592078

  18. Fast-track program in laparoscopic liver surgery: Theory or fact?

    PubMed

    Sánchez-Pérez, Belinda; Aranda-Narváez, José Manuel; Suárez-Muñoz, Miguel Angel; Eladel-Delfresno, Moises; Fernández-Aguilar, José Luis; Pérez-Daga, Jose Antonio; Pulido-Roa, Ysabel; Santoyo-Santoyo, Julio

    2012-11-27

    To analyze our results after the introduction of a fast-track (FT) program after laparoscopic liver surgery in our Hepatobiliarypancreatic Unit. All patients (43) undergoing laparoscopic liver surgery between March 2004 and March 2010 were included and divided into two consecutive groups: Control group (CG) from March 2004 until December 2006 with traditional perioperative cares (17 patients) and fast-track group (FTG) from January 2007 until March 2010 with FT program cares (26 patients). Primary endpoint was the influence of the program on the postoperative stay, the amount of re-admissions, morbidity and mortality. Secondarily we considered duration of surgery, use of drains, conversion to open surgery, intensive cares needs and transfusion. Both groups were homogeneous in age and sex. No differences in technique, time of surgery or conversion to open surgery were found, but more malignant diseases were operated in the FTG, and then transfusions were higher in FTG. Readmissions and morbidity were similar in both groups, without mortality. Postoperative stay was similar, with a median of 3 for CG vs 2.5 for FTG. However, the 80.8% of patients from FTG left the hospital within the first 3 d after surgery (58.8% for CG). The introduction of a FT program after laparoscopic liver surgery improves the recovery of patients without increasing complications or re-admissions, which leads to a reduction of the stay and costs.

  19. Usefulness of an optical tracking system in laparoscopic surgery for motor skills assessment.

    PubMed

    Sánchez-Margallo, Juan A; Sánchez-Margallo, Francisco M; Pagador Carrasco, José B; Oropesa García, Ignacio; Gómez Aguilera, Enrique J; Moreno del Pozo, José

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study is to assess the usefulness of an evaluation system of surgical skills based on motion analysis of laparoscopic instruments. This system consists of a physical laparoscopic simulator and a tracking and assessment system of technical skills in laparoscopy. Six surgeons with intermediate experience (between 1 and 50 laparoscopic surgeries) and 5 experienced surgeons (more than 50 laparoscopic surgeries) took part in this study. All participants were right-handed. The subjects performed 3 repetitions of a cutting task on synthetic tissue with the right hand, dissection of a gastric serous layer, and a suturing task in the dissection previously done. Objective metrics such as time, path length, speed of movements, acceleration and motion smoothness were analyzed for the instruments of each hand. In the cutting task, experienced surgeons show less acceleration (P=.014) and a smoother motion (P=.023) using the scissors. Regarding the dissection activity, experienced surgeons need less time (P=.006) and less length with both instruments (P=.006 for dissector and P=.01 for scissors). In the suturing task, experienced surgeons require less time (P=.037) and distance travelled (P=.041) by the dissector. This study shows the usefulness of the evaluation system for the cutting, dissecting, and suturing tasks. It represents a significant step in the development of advanced systems for training and assessment of surgical skills in laparoscopic surgery. Copyright © 2012 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  20. Solo surgery--early results of robot-assisted three-dimensional laparoscopic hysterectomy.

    PubMed

    Tuschy, Benjamin; Berlit, Sebastian; Brade, Joachim; Sütterlin, Marc; Hornemann, Amadeus

    2014-08-01

    Report of our initial experience in laparoscopic hysterectomy by a solo surgeon using a robotic camera system with three-dimensional visualisation. This novel device (Einstein Vision®, B. Braun, Aesculap AG, Tuttlingen, Germany) (EV) was used for laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LASH) performed by one surgeon. Demographic data, clinical and surgical parameters were evaluated. Our first 22 cases, performed between June and November 2012, were compared with a cohort of 22 age-matched controls who underwent two-dimensional LASH performed by the same surgeon with a second surgeon assisting. Compared to standard two-dimensional laparoscopic hysterectomy, there were no significant differences regarding duration of surgery, hospital stay, blood loss or incidence of complications. The number of trocars used was significantly higher in the control group (p <.0001). All hysterectomies in the treatment group were performed without assistance of a second physician. Robot-assisted solo surgery laparoscopic hysterectomy is a feasible and safe procedure. Duration of surgery, hospital stay, blood loss, and complication rates are comparable to a conventional laparoscopic hysterectomy.

  1. The learning curves of robotic and three-dimensional laparoscopic surgery in cervical cancer

    PubMed Central

    Li, Xue-Lian; Du, Dan-Feng; Jiang, Hua

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The 3D laparoscopy systems and robotic systems have been introduced into clinical practice for a few years. But the comparison of robotic and 3D laparoscopic gynecologic surgery is still needed. OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively compare the learning curves of robotic and 3D laparoscopic hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy in cervical cancer. STUDY DESIGN: The operational duration, blood loss, peritoneal drainage of first 24 hours after operation, total hospitalization days, hospitalization days after operation, lymph nodes collected, learning curves and cost of robotic and 3D laparoscopic hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy in cervical cancer performed by one experienced surgeon were studied. RESULTS: There was one surgeon who performed 37 cases of robotic and 24 cases of 3D laparoscopic hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy, and the turning point of learning curves was case 13th and case 10th. The differences of duration of operation, blood loss, peritoneal drainage of first 24 hours after operation, total hospitalization days, hospitalization days after operation, lymph nodes collected and perioperative complications were not statistically significant. But the cost of each robotic operation was higher than 3D operation. CONCLUSIONS: The turning point of the learning curve of 3D laparoscopic hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy is earlier than that of robotic sugery in patients with cervical cancer, and there is no obvious benefit from robotic surgery than 3D surgery in the terms of short-term medical index and hospitalization cost. PMID:27994668

  2. Overview of single-port laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancers: past, present, and the future.

    PubMed

    Kim, Say-June; Choi, Byung-Jo; Lee, Sang Chul

    2014-01-28

    Single-port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS) is implemented through a tailored minimal single incision through which a number of laparoscopic instruments access. Introduction of operation-customized port system, utilization of a camera without a separate external light, and instruments with different lengths has brought the favorable environment for SPLS. However, performing SPLS still creates several hardships compared to multiport laparoscopic surgery; a single-port system inevitably leads to clashing of surgical instruments due to crowding. To overcome such difficulties, investigators has developed novel concepts and maneuvers, including the concept of inverse triangulation and the maneuvers of pivoting, spreading out dissection, hanging suture, and transluminal traction. The final destination of SPLS is expected to be a completely seamless operation, maximizing the minimal invasiveness. Specimen extraction through the umbilicus can undermine cosmesis by inducing a larger incision. Therefore, hybrid laparoscopic technique, which combined laparoscopic surgical technique with natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE)--i.e., transvaginal or transanal route-, has been developed. SPLS and NOSE seemed to be the best combination in pursuit of minimal invasiveness. In the near future, robotic SPLS with natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery's way of specimen extraction seems to be pursued. It is expected to provide a completely or nearly complete seamless operation regardless of location of the lesion in the abdomen.

  3. Efficacy of Transversus Abdominis Plane Block and Rectus Sheath Block in Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Takebayashi, Katsushi; Matsumura, Masakata; Kawai, Yasuhiro; Hoashi, Takahiko; Katsura, Nagato; Fukuda, Seijun; Shimizu, Kenji; Inada, Takuji; Sato, Masugi

    2015-01-01

    We aimed to assess the efficacy of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block and rectus sheath (RS) block in patients undergoing laparoscopic inguinal hernia surgery. Few studies have addressed the efficacy and safety associated with TAP block and RS block for laparoscopic surgery. Thirty-two patients underwent laparoscopic inguinal hernia surgery, either with TAP and RS block (Block+ group, n = 18) or without peripheral nerve block (Block− group, n = 14). Preoperatively, TAP and RS block were performed through ultrasound guidance. We evaluated postoperative pain control and patient outcomes. The mean postoperative hospital stays were 1.56 days (Block+ group) and 2.07 days (Block− group; range, 1–3 days in both groups; P = 0.0038). A total of 11 patients and 1 patient underwent day surgery in the Block+ and Block− groups, respectively (P = 0.0012). Good postoperative pain control was more commonly observed in the Block+ group than in the Block− group (P = 0.011). TAP and RS block was effective in reducing postoperative pain and was associated with a fast recovery in patients undergoing laparoscopic inguinal hernia surgery. PMID:25875548

  4. Single port access laparoscopic surgery for large adnexal tumors: Initial 51 cases of a single institute

    PubMed Central

    Cho, Bo Ra; Han, Jae Won; Kim, Tae Hyun; Han, Ae Ra; Hur, Sung Eun; Lee, Sung Ki

    2017-01-01

    Objective Investigation of initial 51 cases of single port access (SPA) laparoscopic surgery for large adnexal tumors and evaluation of safety and feasibility of the surgical technique. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of the first 51 patients who received SPA laparoscopic surgery for large adnexal tumors greater than 10 cm, from July 2010 to February 2015. Results SPA adnexal surgeries were successfully completed in 51 patients (100%). The mean age, body mass index of the patients were 43.1 years and 22.83 kg/m2, respectively. The median operative time, median blood loss were 73.5 (range, 20 to 185) minutes, 54 (range, 5 to 500) mL, and the median tumor diameter was 13.6 (range, 10 to 30) cm. The procedures included bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (n=18, 36.0%), unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (n=14, 27.45%), and paratubal cystectomy (n=1, 1.96%). There were no cases of malignancy and none were insertion of additional ports or conversion to laparotomy. The cases with intraoperative spillage were 3 (5.88%) and benign cystic tumors. No other intraoperative and postoperative complications were observed during hospital days and 6-weeks follow-up period after discharge. Conclusion Our results suggest that SPA laparoscopic surgery for large adnexal tumors may be a safe and feasible alternative to conventional laparoscopic surgery. PMID:28217669

  5. Pediatric urology training: performance-based assessment using the fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Brydges, Ryan; Farhat, Walid A; El-Hout, Yaser; Dubrowski, Adam

    2010-06-15

    Despite the proven utility of laparoscopy in pediatric urology, widespread adoption of the surgical approach has been limited. The Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) is a reliable teaching mode for surgeons. Our study objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a laparoscopic training course via a performance based assessment of participants' technical skills on the FLS module. The laparoscopic pediatric urology course, administered to 18 fellows, consisted of a 6-h didactic session and a full d practice on a live porcine model. FLS skills were practiced prior to and immediately following the course, and included peg transfer, precision pattern cutting, securing a ligating loop, and intracorporeal suturing. Written exams were used to evaluate participants' cognitive knowledge about laparoscopic procedures. Pretest and post-test performances were compared using paired t-tests. Previous laparoscopic caseload was addressed as a potential predictor of performance using two separate Pearson correlations between total caseload and performance scores. Participation in the course led to significant improvements in FLS and written exam scores. Laparoscopic caseload was correlated with pretest performance (R = 0.53, P < 0.05) though this correlation was not significant at post-test (R = 0.41, P > 0.05). However, the improvement from pretest to post-test (i.e., difference score) was significantly related to the participants' pediatric laparoscopic caseload (R = -0.47, P < 0.05). Operative experience is instrumental in attaining laparoscopic skills. However, intensive simulation-based training improves technical performance and cognitive knowledge competence, especially for novice trainees. Long-term assessment of trainees is required to ascertain the effectiveness of this approach to laparoscopic training. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Laparoscopic nephrectomy for nonfunctioning kidneys is feasible after previous ipsilateral renal surgery: a prospective cohort trial.

    PubMed

    Aminsharifi, Alireza; Taddayun, Alireza; Niroomand, Reza; Hosseini, Mohammad-mehdi; Afsar, Firoozeh; Afrasiabi, Mohammad Amin

    2011-03-01

    Previous renal surgery is a relative contraindication to laparoscopic nephrectomy because adhesion formation makes surgical dissection difficult. We determined whether previous surgery at the same anatomical site would affected the surgical outcome in patients who underwent transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy. During the study period 79 consecutive patients who underwent transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy were evaluated prospectively. All patients had symptomatic nonfunctioning small or hydronephrotic kidneys. Patients were divided into 29 with and 50 without prior surgery at the same anatomical site. Previous surgery included open nephrolithotomy in 16 patients, percutaneous nephrolithotomy in 8, open and percutaneous nephrolithotomy in 3, pyelolithotomy in 1 and pyeloplasty in 1. Patients who underwent prior surgery were older than patients who did not (average age 46.6 vs 34.9 years, p=0.008). Other patient characteristics, including gender ratio, body mass index and side of surgery, did not differ significantly between the 2 groups. Mean operative time was longer in patients with previous surgery than in the other group (98.6 vs 62.3 minutes, p=0.03). Other operative data, including blood loss, intraoperative and postoperative complications, open conversion and hospital stay, were similar in the groups. One case per group was converted to open surgery due to difficult pedicle dissection. Transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy in patients with a history of ipsilateral renal surgery can be done safely in timely fashion. Although mean operative time was longer, there was no significant increase in the operative complication rate in patients with prior surgery. Copyright © 2011 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Effectiveness of local anesthetic on postoperative pain in different levels of laparoscopic gynecological surgery.

    PubMed

    Selcuk, Selcuk; Api, Murat; Polat, Mesut; Arinkan, Arzu; Aksoy, Bilge; Akca, Tijen; Karateke, Ates

    2016-06-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the effects of preemptive and preclosure analgesia on postoperative pain intensity in patients undergoing different levels of laparoscopic surgery. Two hundred and twenty-six patients who underwent laparoscopic gynecological surgery were enrolled in this quasi-randomized, prospective, placebo controlled study. The operations were classified as level 1 or level 2 according to the extent of the surgery. Lidocaine 1 % was administered at the port sites before making the incision in the preincisional study group. In preincisional control group, same amount of saline was infiltrated in same manner. Lidocaine 1 % was infiltrated at the port site immediately after removing the trocars in preclosure study group. In preclosure control group, the same amount of saline was infiltrated in the same manner. Postoperative pain intensity was evaluated by linear visual analogue scale. It was found that preclosure lidocaine infiltration was more effective on postoperative pain intensity than its placebo group in level 1 and level 2 surgery groups at 1 and 2 h postoperatively. The administration of preincisional lidocaine improved postoperative pain scores significantly more than its placebo group in level 1 laparoscopic surgery group at 1 and 2 h postoperatively and in level 2 laparoscopic surgery group at 1 h postoperatively. Lidocaine infiltration at port sites had beneficial effects on pain intensity in the early postoperative period after laparoscopic gynecological surgery. However, the results of present study showed that the analgesic effect mechanism of local anesthetic was unrelated to the preemptive analgesia hypothesis.

  8. Feasibility and Validation of Single-Port Laparoscopic Surgery for Simple-Adhesive or Nonadhesive Ileus

    PubMed Central

    Okamoto, Hirotaka; Maruyama, Suguru; Wakana, Hiroyuki; Kawashima, Kenji; Fukasawa, Toshio; Fujii, Hideki

    2016-01-01

    Abstract A single incisional laparoscopic surgery (SILS) approach is increasingly being used, taking advantage of the minimally invasive technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and the validation of SILS procedure for small bowel obstruction (SBO). Sixteen consecutive patients with SBO who underwent SILS release of ileus between April 2010 and March 2015 were compared with the conventional multiport laparoscopic treatment group of 16 patients matched for age, gender, and surgical procedure. Laparoscopic treatment was completed in a total of 14 patients in SILS group and 13 in multiport laparoscopic group. Two cases and 3 cases were converted to multiport laparoscopic surgery or open surgery. Eight patients with nonscar and nonadhesive ileus, such as internal hernia, obturator hernia, gallstone ileus, and intestinal invagination, were treated successfully in the laparoscopic procedure. There was no mortality in either of the groups. The mean procedural time was 105 minutes in the SILS group and 116 minutes in the multiport laparoscopic group. The mean amount of blood loss was not statistically different in either of groups (15 ml vs. 23 ml). Patients resumed oral intake after a mean of 2 days in the SILS and 3 days in the multiport groups with the statistically difference. The length of hospital stay was shorter in the SILS group (5 days vs. 7 days) with no statistically difference. Perioperative morbidity was seen in 2 patients in the SILS group and 3 patients in the multiport group. SILS approach has superior and/or similar perioperative outcomes to multiport approach for SBO. SILS release of ileus as an ultra-minimal invasion technique is feasible, effective, and offers benefits with cosmesis in simple adhesive or scar-less nonadhesive ileus patients. PMID:26825912

  9. Minimally invasive surgery for gastric cancer: A comparison between robotic, laparoscopic and open surgery

    PubMed Central

    Parisi, Amilcare; Reim, Daniel; Borghi, Felice; Nguyen, Ninh T; Qi, Feng; Coratti, Andrea; Cianchi, Fabio; Cesari, Maurizio; Bazzocchi, Francesca; Alimoglu, Orhan; Gagnière, Johan; Pernazza, Graziano; D’Imporzano, Simone; Zhou, Yan-Bing; Azagra, Juan-Santiago; Facy, Olivier; Brower, Steven T; Jiang, Zhi-Wei; Zang, Lu; Isik, Arda; Gemini, Alessandro; Trastulli, Stefano; Novotny, Alexander; Marano, Alessandra; Liu, Tong; Annecchiarico, Mario; Badii, Benedetta; Arcuri, Giacomo; Avanzolini, Andrea; Leblebici, Metin; Pezet, Denis; Cao, Shou-Gen; Goergen, Martine; Zhang, Shu; Palazzini, Giorgio; D’Andrea, Vito; Desiderio, Jacopo

    2017-01-01

    AIM To investigate the role of minimally invasive surgery for gastric cancer and determine surgical, clinical, and oncological outcomes. METHODS This is a propensity score-matched case-control study, comparing three treatment arms: robotic gastrectomy (RG), laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG), open gastrectomy (OG). Data collection started after sharing a specific study protocol. Data were recorded through a tailored and protected web-based system. Primary outcomes: harvested lymph nodes, estimated blood loss, hospital stay, complications rate. Among the secondary outcomes, there are: operative time, R0 resections, POD of mobilization, POD of starting liquid diet and soft solid diet. The analysis includes the evaluation of type and grade of postoperative complications. Detailed information of anastomotic leakages is also provided. RESULTS The present analysis was carried out of 1026 gastrectomies. To guarantee homogenous distribution of cases, patients in the RG, LG and OG groups were 1:1:2 matched using a propensity score analysis with a caliper = 0.2. The successful matching resulted in a total sample of 604 patients (RG = 151; LG = 151; OG = 302). The three groups showed no differences in all baseline patients characteristics, type of surgery (P = 0.42) and stage of the disease (P = 0.16). Intraoperative blood loss was significantly lower in the LG (95.93 ± 119.22) and RG (117.91 ± 68.11) groups compared to the OG (127.26 ± 79.50, P = 0.002). The mean number of retrieved lymph nodes was similar between the RG (27.78 ± 11.45), LG (24.58 ± 13.56) and OG (25.82 ± 12.07) approach. A benefit in favor of the minimally invasive approaches was found in the length of hospital stay (P < 0.0001). A similar complications rate was found (P = 0.13). The leakage rate was not different (P = 0.78) between groups. CONCLUSION Laparoscopic and robotic surgery can be safely performed and proposed as possible alternative to open surgery. The main highlighted benefit is a faster

  10. Optimal training design for procedural motor skills: a review and application to laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Spruit, Edward N; Band, Guido P H; Hamming, Jaap F; Ridderinkhof, K Richard

    2014-11-01

    This literature review covers the choices to consider in training complex procedural, perceptual and motor skills. In particular, we focus on laparoscopic surgery. An overview is provided of important training factors modulating the acquisition, durability, transfer, and efficiency of trained skills. We summarize empirical studies and their theoretical background on the topic of training complex cognitive and motor skills that are pertinent to proficiency in laparoscopic surgery. The overview pertains to surgical simulation training for laparoscopy, but also to training in other demanding procedural and dexterous tasks, such as aviation, managing complex systems and sports. Evidence-based recommendations are provided for facilitating efficiency in laparoscopic motor skill training such as session spacing, adaptive training, task variability, part-task training, mental imagery and deliberate practice.

  11. Retroperitoneal Laparoendoscopic Single-Site Ureterolithotomy: A Comparison with Conventional Laparoscopic Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Xiaopeng; Huang, Huaiqiu; Wu, Jieying; Huang, Wentao; Cai, Songwang; Li, Xiaojuan; Ye, Chunwei; Zhu, Baoyi; Cai, Yi; Gao, Xin

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background and Purpose Laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) surgery through the retroperitoneal approach has been seldom reported. We aimed to compare the feasibility and outcomes of LESS and conventional laparoscopic surgery via the retroperitoneal approach in the management of large, impacted ureteral stones. Patients and Methods From June 2010 to May 2011, LESS ureterolithotomy through the retroperitoneal approach was performed in 10 patients (the LESS group). Another 15 patients who underwent conventional retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (the conventional laparoscopic group) by the same surgeon were involved and compared. The operative time, complications, and surgical outcomes were evaluated. Results All the operations were completed successfully, without conversion to conventional laparoscopic or open surgeries. The operative time of the LESS group and of the conventional laparoscopic group were 132.7±16.3 and 128.1±20.1 minutes, respectively (P=0.782). The estimated blood loss were 30.7±5.9 vs 28.0±4.5 mL (P=0.620). Duration of analgesia postoperatively was 2.0±0.8 vs 3.5±0.5 days (P=0.005). All targeted stones were successfully extracted without major complications. Postoperative urine leakage was noted in one patient in each group. Cosmetic results were superior in the LESS group according to both the study nurse's and the patients' assessments (8.5 vs 5.3; P=0.012, and 8.3 vs 5.6; P=0.025, respectively). All patients showed no obstructions or stricture formations on postoperative follow-up. Conclusions In experienced hands, LESS for ureterolithotomy through the retroperitoneal approach is feasible and can acquire outcomes equal to those of conventional multiport laparoscopic surgery. Prospective long-term follow-up studies with a larger number of patients are needed to further evaluate its benefits. PMID:22103789

  12. Two-step conversion surgery after failed laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. Comparison between laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic gastric sleeve.

    PubMed

    Carandina, Sergio; Maldonado, Pablo S; Tabbara, Malek; Valenti, Antonio; Rivkine, Emmanuel; Polliand, Claude; Barrat, Christophe

    2014-01-01

    Despite its worldwide popularity, laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) requires revisional surgery for failures or complications, in 20-60% of cases. The purpose of this study was to compare in terms of efficacy and safety, the conversion of failed LAGB to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. (LSG). The bariatric database of our institution was reviewed to identify patients who had undergone conversion of failed LAGB to LRYGB or to LSG, from November 2007 to June 2012. A total of 108 patients were included. Of these, 74 (68.5%) underwent conversion to LRYGB and 34 to LSG. All of the procedures were performed in 2-stage and laparoscopically. The mean follow-up for the LRYGB group was 29.1±17.9 months while for the LSG patients was 24.2±14.3 months. The mean body mass index (BMI) prior LRYGB and LSG was 45.6±7.8 and 47.5±5.6 (P = .09), respectively. Postoperative complications occurred in 16.2% of the LRYGB patients and in 2.9% of the LSG group (P = .04). Mean percentage of excess weight loss was 59.9%±16.2% and 70.2%±16.7% in LRYGB, and it was 52.2%±11.4% and 59.9%±14.4% in LSG at 12 months (P = .007) and 24 months (P = .01) after conversion. In this series, LRYGB and LSG are both effective and adequate revisional procedure after failure of LAGB. While LRYGB seems to ensure greater weight loss at 24 months follow-up, LSG is associated with a lower postoperative morbidity. Copyright © 2014 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. A comparative direct cost analysis of pediatric urologic robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery versus open surgery: could robot-assisted surgery be less expensive?

    PubMed

    Rowe, Courtney K; Pierce, Michael W; Tecci, Katherine C; Houck, Constance S; Mandell, James; Retik, Alan B; Nguyen, Hiep T

    2012-07-01

    Cost in healthcare is an increasing and justifiable concern that impacts decisions about the introduction of new devices such as the da Vinci(®) surgical robot. Because equipment expenses represent only a portion of overall medical costs, we set out to make more specific cost comparisons between open and robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery. We performed a retrospective, observational, matched cohort study of 146 pediatric patients undergoing either open or robot-assisted laparoscopic urologic surgery from October 2004 to September 2009 at a single institution. Patients were matched based on surgery type, age, and fiscal year. Direct internal costs from the institution were used to compare the two surgery types across several procedures. Robot-assisted surgery direct costs were 11.9% (P=0.03) lower than open surgery. This cost difference was primarily because of the difference in hospital length of stay between patients undergoing open vs robot-assisted surgery (3.8 vs 1.6 days, P<0.001). Maintenance fees and equipment expenses were the primary contributors to robotic surgery costs, while open surgery costs were affected most by room and board expenses. When estimates of the indirect costs of robot purchase and maintenance were included, open surgery had a lower total cost. There were no differences in follow-up times or complication rates. Direct costs for robot-assisted surgery were significantly lower than equivalent open surgery. Factors reducing robot-assisted surgery costs included: A consistent and trained robotic surgery team, an extensive history of performing urologic robotic surgery, selection of patients for robotic surgery who otherwise would have had longer hospital stays after open surgery, and selection of procedures without a laparoscopic alternative. The high indirect costs of robot purchase and maintenance remain major factors, but could be overcome by high surgical volume and reduced prices as competitors enter the market.

  14. Single-port access laparoscopic hysterectomy: a new dimension of minimally invasive surgery.

    PubMed

    Liliana, Mereu; Alessandro, Pontis; Giada, Carri; Luca, Mencaglia

    2011-01-01

    The fundamental idea is to have all of the laparoscopic working ports entering the abdominal wall through the same incision. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery is an alternative to conventional multiport laparoscopy. Single-access laparoscopy using a transumbilical port affords maximum cosmetic benefits because the surgical incision is hidden in the umbilicus and reduces morbidity of minimally invasive surgery. The advantages of single-access laparoscopic surgery may include less bleeding, infection, and hernia formation and better cosmetic outcome and less pain. The disadvantages and limitations include longer surgery time, difficulty in learning the technique, and the need for specialized instruments. This review summarizes the history of SPAL hysterectomy (single-port access laparoscopy), and emphasizes nomenclature, surgical technique, instrumentation, and perioperative outcomes. Specific gynecological applications of single-port hysterectomy to date are summarized. Using the PubMed database, the English-language literature was reviewed for the past 40 years. Keyword searches included scarless, scar free, single-port/trocar/incision, single-port access laparoscopic hysterectomy. Within the bibliography of selected references, additional sources were retrieved. The purpose of the present article was to review the development and current status of SPAL hysterectomy and highlight important advances associated with this innovative approach.

  15. [Laparoscopic training--the guarantee of a future in pediatric surgery].

    PubMed

    Drăghici, I; Drăghici, L; Popescu, M; Copăescu, C; Mitoiu, D; Dragomirescu, C

    2009-01-01

    Laparoscopy is considered today the highlight of modern surgery, the forerunner of the fascinating world of video and robotic surgery, both of them derived from the sophisticated areas of aeronautic industry. Remarkably, Romanian specialists keep up with the pace of worldwide technological developments, assimilating one by one each and every video endoscopic procedure. In the early 90s, the Romanian laparos-copic school was founded with the contribution of many important personalities; their activities and achievements have been an inspiration for the following generation of laparoscopic surgeons. In this last decade, the newest branch of laparoscopic surgery in our country, pediatric laparoscopy, managed to evolve from its "shy" beginnings to become an important method of improving the quality of surgical procedures, to the benefit of our "small patients". The purpose of this article is to encourage and promote minimally invasive video endoscopic surgery training, emphasizing its crucial role in the education and professional development of the next generation of pediatric surgeons, and not only. The modem concept of laparoscopic training includes experimental scientific practices, as well as the newest technical acquisitions such as virtual reality video-electronic simulation.

  16. Tactile sensor using acoustic reflection for lump detection in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Tanaka, Yoshihiro; Fukuda, Tomohiro; Fujiwara, Michitaka; Sano, Akihito

    2015-02-01

    Laparoscopic surgery limits a surgeon's tactile sense. A tactile sensor could allow real-time tumor detection in laparoscopic surgery through lump inspection. This study was aimed at developing a simple and biocompatible tactile sensor for laparoscopic surgery. The proposed tactile sensor has a forceps-like shape, has no electrical elements in the tissue contact area, and can be sterilized and cleaned. We developed a tactile sensor using acoustic reflection. It is composed of a handle with a speaker and a microphone, an aluminum tube, and a sensor tip with a deformable elastic cavity. The acoustic wave in the tube is the superposition of the input wave and two waves reflected at the closed edge and the projection generated by deformation due to contact with an object. By measuring the acoustic wave in the tube, information of the deformation is derived. The sensor is modeled, and the output is analyzed to determine design parameters of the sensor. Then, a prototype of the sensor is assembled. Fundamental experiments show that the sensor output increases with increasing normal deformation. Moreover, experiments using a phantom of the stomach wall with a 0-IIc type tumor (most common early stage gastric cancer) show that large sensor output is obtained for the lump when the sensor is moved across the back surface of the tumor. The theoretical and experimental results show that the sensor is sensitive to the deformation due to contact with an object and has the potential to detect a lump in laparoscopic surgery.

  17. Laparoscopic versus open nephroureterectomy: perioperative and oncologic outcomes from a randomised prospective study.

    PubMed

    Simone, Giuseppe; Papalia, Rocco; Guaglianone, Salvatore; Ferriero, Mariaconsiglia; Leonardo, Costantino; Forastiere, Ester; Gallucci, Michele

    2009-09-01

    Laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (LNU) is increasingly being used instead of open nephroureterectomy (ONU) for the treatment of urothelial carcinoma (UC) of the upper urinary tract (UUT), but the evidence of equal oncologic effectiveness is still lacking. To present perioperative and oncologic results from a prospective randomised study comparing ONU and LNU. Eighty patients with nonmetastatic UUT UC and without previous history of UC were enrolled. Of those, 40 patients (group A) randomly received ONU and 40 patients (group B) randomly received LNU. ONU was performed through a flank incision with a lower quadrant incision to allow excision of a bladder cuff. Transperitoneal LNU was performed with a four-trocar technique, and bladder cuff was detached with a 10-mm LigaSure device. Perioperative data were compared with the student t test. Bladder tumour-free survival (BTFS), metastasis-free survival (MFS), and cancer-specific survival (CSS) curves for both groups were compared with the log-rank test before and after stratifying patients for pT category and tumour grade. Operative times were comparable, while mean blood loss and mean time to discharge were significantly lower in group B (both p values <0.001). At a median follow-up of 44 mo, BTFS, CSS, and MFS were not significantly different between the two groups (log rank test; BTFS: p=0.86; CSS: p=0.2; MFS: p=0.124). When matched for pT3 and high-grade tumours, CSS and MFS were significantly different between the two groups in favour of ONU (p=0.039 and p=0.004, respectively, for pT3 tumours; p=0.078 and p=0.014, respectively, for high-grade tumours). The limitations of our study include the small sample size, the single-centre experience, the personal choice of laparoscopic technique, and not performing lymphadenectomies. Perioperative data and preliminary oncologic results were presented at 22nd Congress of the European Association of Urology, Berlin, Germany. In patients with organ-confined UUT UCs, LNU has the

  18. Does laparoscopic simulation predict intraoperative performance? A comparison between the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery and LapVR evaluation metrics.

    PubMed

    Steigerwald, Sarah N; Park, Jason; Hardy, Krista M; Gillman, Lawrence M; Vergis, Ashley S

    2015-01-01

    Considerable resources have been invested in low- and high-fidelity simulators in surgical training. To our knowledge, no investigation has compared the 2 head to head for operative assessment purposes. The purpose of this study was to assess the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) low-fidelity video trainer and LapVR (high-fidelity virtual-reality simulator) for (1) construct and (2) predictive validity using a human cholecystectomy model. Twenty-six participants performed tasks from the FLS program and the LapVR simulator as well as a human laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Performance was evaluated using FLS and LapVR metrics and the Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills previously validated rating scale. Construct and predictive validity were strongly demonstrated for FLS tasks but only incompletely for LapVR. Efforts should be focused on using the well-validated lower-cost FLS video trainer for assessment of laparoscopic skills. The high-cost LapVR remains experimental in resource-constrained training programs. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Use of a novel multi-purpose sponge for laparoscopic surgery: Does it have special relevance to robotically-assisted laparoscopic surgery?

    PubMed Central

    Morelli, Luca; Guadagni, Simone; Troia, Elena; Di Franco, Gregorio; Palmeri, Matteo; Caprili, Giovanni; D’Isidoro, Cristiano; Moglia, Andrea; Pisano, Roberta; Pietrabissa, Andrea; Cuschieri, Alfred; Mosca, Franco

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The STAR System (Ekymed SpA) is a novel multipurpose sponge developed for conventional manual laparoscopic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between December 2012 and December 2014, we successfully used the sponge in ten robot-assisted and ten direct manual laparoscopic operations to achieve haemostasis, for blunt dissections, for atraumatic lifting of solid organs, to check for bile leaks, for cleaning the surgical field thus avoiding frequent use of suction or the application of haemostatic agents. The reason of the insertion (RI), the main use (MU) and any further use (FU), once inserted, were registered for each operation and compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The principal RI was haemostasis for minor bleeding, without differences between the two groups (P = not significant). Regard to MU, in the robotic group cleaning the surgical field was utilised more than laparoscopic group (100% vs. 60%; P = 0.03). About FU, atraumatic solid organs lifting was more frequent during robotically assisted surgery than with laparoscopy (50% vs. 0%; P = 0.01). A statistically more frequent use of the sponge was registered during standard laparoscopy for the blunt dissection (30% vs. 80%; P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: The STAR System was beneficial in both approaches, but it imparts added benefit during robotically-assisted laparoscopic surgery organs because of the lack of tactile feedback and because the operating surgeon is remote from the patient, and has to rely on the assisting surgeon in the sterile field for dealing with bleeding episodes, cleansing/mopping the operative field when necessary, who may not be experienced or completely proficient. PMID:27251845

  20. Hand-assisted and standard laparoscopic radical nephrectomy after prior renal surgery.

    PubMed

    Gabr, Ahmed H; Roberts, William W; Wolf, J Stuart

    2014-02-01

    With the increasing use of partial nephrectomy, cases of ipsilateral tumor recurrence will inevitably occur. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) for a previously operated kidney, through a case-matched comparison with LRN in patients without prior renal surgery. Among 550 patients who underwent hand-assisted or standard LRN at our institution between August 1996 and January 2013, we identified patients who had prior laparoscopic or open surgical renal surgery. Each study patient was matched 1:2 with patients who had not had prior renal surgery. Matching was exact by surgical approach, gender, side of surgery, and American Society of Anesthesiologists score, and closest possible by age and body mass index. LRN was performed in 9 patients (6 hand-assisted and 3 standard) with prior open surgical or laparoscopic renal surgery. There were no conversions to open surgery. Primary surgeon tended to be to attending urologist more often than the trainee in the study compared to the control patients, an indication of increased technical difficulty. Additionally, there were four intraoperative injuries recorded in the study group (44%) and just one such event in the control group (5.6%) (p = 0.0297). Although LRN after prior renal surgery is challenging, requiring the expertise of experienced surgeons and being associated with appreciable rate of intraoperative injuries, these cases can be completed laparoscopically (especially with the selective use of hand-assistance) and are associated with duration of hospitalization and postoperative complication rates similar to those in patients undergoing LRN without prior renal surgery.

  1. Surgical Stress Reduction in Elderly Patients Undergoing Elective Colorectal Laparoscopic Surgery within an ERAS Protocol.

    PubMed

    Mari, Giulio; Costanzi, Andrea; Crippa, Jacopo; Falbo, Rosanna; Miranda, Angelo; Rossi, Michele; Berardi, Valter; Maggioni, Dario

    2016-01-01

    ERAS program applied to colorectal laparoscopic surgery is well known to reduce hospitalization improving short terms outcomes and minimizing the Surgical Stress Response. However its effectiveness in elderly population is yet to be demonstrated. The primary aim of this study is to compare the level of immune and nutritional serum indexes across surgery in patients aged over 70 years old undergoing elective colorectal laparoscopic surgery within an ERAS protocol or according to a Standard program. 83 patients undergoing colorectal laparoscopic surgery were enrolled and randomized in two groups (ERAS Group 40, Standard Group 43) within a larger randomized trial on a general population. Surgical stress parameters were collected preoperatively, 1, 3 and 5 days after surgery. Nutritional parameters were collected preoperatively, 1 and 5 days after surgery. Short Term Outcomes were also prospectively assessed. IL-6 levels were lower in the EG on 1, 3, and 5 days post-operatively (p 0.05). IL-6 levels in the Enhanced group returned to pre operative level 3 days after surgery. C-reactive protein level was lower in the Enhanced group on day 1, 3, and 5 (p 0.05). There was no difference in Cortisol and Prolactin levels between groups. Prealbumin serum level was higher on day 5 (p 0.05) compared to standard group. Postoperative outcomes in terms of normal bowel function and length of hospital stay were significantly improved in the ERAS group. Colorectal laparoscopic surgery within an ERAS prototcol in elderly patients affects Surgical Stress Response, decreasing IL-6 and CRP levels postoperatively and improving Prealbumin post operative synthesis.

  2. Short-term outcomes of laparoscopic intersphincteric resection from a phase II trial to evaluate laparoscopic surgery for stage 0/I rectal cancer: Japan Society of Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery Lap RC.

    PubMed

    Fujii, Shoichi; Yamamoto, Seiichiro; Ito, Masaaki; Yamaguchi, Shigeki; Sakamoto, Kazuhiro; Kinugasa, Yusuke; Kokuba, Yukihito; Okuda, Junji; Yoshimura, Kenichi; Watanabe, Masahiko

    2012-11-01

    Laparoscopic intersphincteric resection (Lap ISR) is not yet an established technique and its safety and feasibility are unclear. Our aim was to clarify the safety and feasibility of Lap ISR for clinical stage 0/I rectal cancer (Lap RC) in a prospective multicenter study of laparoscopic surgery in Japan. To examine the technical and oncological feasibility of laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer, we conducted a confirmatory phase II trial to evaluate laparoscopic surgery for preoperative clinical stage 0/I rectal cancer. Eligibility criteria included histologically proven carcinoma, size ≤ 8 cm, age 20-75 years, no bowel obstruction, and no prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Between February 2008 and September 2010, 495 patients with rectal cancer underwent laparoscopic surgery at 43 institutions. Patients' background characteristics and operative and postoperative outcomes were recorded prospectively. Seventy-seven patients (15.6 %) underwent Lap ISR. A diverting stoma was created in 69 patients (89.6 %). Conversion to open surgery occurred in 4 patients (5.2 %): 2 patients were converted because of uncontrollable bleeding, and the other 2 patients because of the need for pelvic side wall lymphadenectomy. There was no mortality. Median operative time was 345 min (range = 198-565), median amount of blood loss was 100 ml (range = 0-1760), and three patients (3.9 %) were transfused intraoperatively. The median number of dissected lymph nodes was 14 (range = 3-33), and all (proximal, distal, and vertical) pathological cut margins were negative. Postoperative complications of grade 2 or more were detected in 17 patients (22.1 %), including anastomotic leakage in 5 (6.4 %), bowel obstruction in 5 (6.5 %), and surgical site infection in 2 (2.6 %). Abdominal drainage and diverting stoma were necessary in two patients (2.6 %) due to anastomotic leakage. Median length of postoperative hospital stay was 13 days (range = 7-167). Lap ISR was feasible and safe for clinical

  3. Navigated laparoscopic ultrasound in abdominal soft tissue surgery: technological overview and perspectives.

    PubMed

    Langø, Thomas; Vijayan, Sinara; Rethy, Anna; Våpenstad, Cecilie; Solberg, Ole Vegard; Mårvik, Ronald; Johnsen, Gjermund; Hernes, Toril N

    2012-07-01

    Two-dimensinal laparoscopic ultrasound (LUS) is commonly used for many laparoscopic procedures, but 3D LUS and navigation technology are not conventional tools in the clinic. Navigated LUS can help the user understand and interpret the ultrasound images in relation to the laparoscopic view and preoperative images. When combined with information from MRI or CT, navigated LUS has the potential to provide information about anatomic shifts during the procedure. In this paper, we present an overview of the ongoing technological research and development related to LUS combined with navigation technology, The purpose of this overview is threefold: (1) an introduction for those new to the field of navigated LUS; (2) an overview for those working in the field and; and (3) as a reference for those searching for literature on technological developments related to navigation in ultrasound-guided laparoscopic surgery. Databases were searched to identify relevant publications from the last 10 years. We were able to identify 18 key papers in the area of navigated LUS for the abdomen, originating from about 10-11 groups. We present the literature overview, including descriptions of our own experience in the field, and a discussion of the important clinical and technological aspects related to navigated LUS. LUS integrated with miniaturized tracking technology is likely to play an important role in guiding future laparoscopic surgery.

  4. The predictive value of aptitude assessment in laparoscopic surgery: a meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Kramp, Kelvin H; van Det, Marc J; Hoff, Christiaan; Veeger, Nic J G M; ten Cate Hoedemaker, Henk O; Pierie, Jean-Pierre E N

    2016-04-01

    Current methods of assessing candidates for medical specialties that involve laparoscopic skills suffer from a lack of instruments to assess the ability to work in a minimally invasive surgery environment. A meta-analysis was conducted to investigate whether aptitude assessment can be used to predict variability in the acquisition and performance of laparoscopic skills. PubMed, PsycINFO and Google Scholar were searched to November 2014 for published and unpublished studies reporting the measurement of a form of aptitude for laparoscopic skills. The quality of studies was assessed with QUADAS-2. Summary correlations were calculated using a random-effects model. Thirty-four studies were found to be eligible for inclusion; six of these studies used an operating room performance measurement. Laparoscopic skills correlated significantly with visual-spatial ability (r = 0.32, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.25-0.39; p < 0.001), perceptual ability (r = 0.31, 95% CI 0.22-0.39; p < 0.001), psychomotor ability (r = 0.26, 95% CI 0.10-0.40; p = 0.003) and simulator-based assessment of aptitude (r = 0.64, 95% CI 0.52-0.73; p < 0.001). Three-dimensional dynamic visual-spatial ability showed a significantly higher correlation than intrinsic static visual-spatial ability (p = 0.024). In general, aptitude assessments are associated with laparoscopic skill level. Simulator-based assessment of aptitude appears to have the potential to represent a job sample and to enable the assessment of all forms of aptitude for laparoscopic surgery at once. A laparoscopy aptitude test can be a valuable additional tool in the assessment of candidates for medical specialties that require laparoscopic skills. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. A smart trocar for automatic tool recognition in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Toti, Giulia; Garbey, Marc; Sherman, Vadim; Bass, Barbara L; Dunkin, Brian J

    2015-02-01

    Operating rooms have become increasingly complex environments and more prone to errors because of loss of situation awareness. Adding computer intelligence to the operating room may help overcome these limitations particularly if the system can automatically track which step of an operation a surgeon is performing. To develop such a platform, it is necessary to track which laparoscopic instruments are being used and in which port they are inserted. This article describes the development and validation of a "Smart Trocar" that can automatically perform this function. A Smart Trocar system prototype was developed that uses a wireless camera attached to a standard laparoscopic port and custom software algorithms. The system recognizes color wheels attached to the handle of a laparoscopic instrument and compares the unique color pattern to an instrument library for proper tool identification. The system was tested for reliability in a box trainer environment using a variety of tool positions and levels of room light illumination. Correct color classification was achieved in 96.7% of trials. There were no errors in detection of the color wheel in space. In addition, the distance of the color wheel from the camera did not influence results and correct classifications were evenly distributed among the 12 laparoscopic tool positions tested. This work describes a Smart Trocar system that identifies which laparoscopic tool is being used and in which port and proves its reliability. The system is an important element of a more comprehensive program being developed to automatically understand what step of an operation a surgeon is performing and use these data to improve situation awareness in the operating room. © The Author(s) 2014.

  6. Diet behavior and low hemoglobin level after laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass surgery.

    PubMed

    Chen, Meng-Chieh; Lee, Yi-Chih; Lee, Wei-Jei; Liu, Hsiang-Lan; Ser, Kong-Han

    2012-01-01

    Nutrition problems caused by laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass surgery (LMGB) include lack of iron, calcium and poor nutrition. Iron deficiency anemia is the common. The purpose of this study was to investigate why our patients' hemoglobin level was at a low value after surgery and the relationship between diet frequency, diet behavior, and low hemoglobin level. From January 2009 to April 2010, 120 patients who received laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass surgery were included in this study. Among all patients, there were 34 men and 86 women. Hemoglobin level of male patients less than 13mg/dL and that of female patients less than 11.5mg/dL was defined as anemia. The clinical characteristics and diet behavior were analyzed. The mean age was 30.9±10.5 years and the mean body mass index was 41.4±7.2kg/m2. Before and after surgery, the proportion of anemia was 4.1% and 26.6%, respectively. The proportion of anemia in females increased more than in males. Hemoglobin level after surgery showed positive correlation (p<0.05) with the diet frequency of high protein, sugar drinks with balanced formula, alcoholic drinks and exercise, but negative correlation (p<0.01) with iron supplements. The study concluded that patients after laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass surgery should increase the ingestion of high-protein drinks or food, alcoholic drinks and exercise, to prevent a low hemoglobin level.

  7. Role of Routine Subhepatic Abdominal Drain Placement following Uncomplicated Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Prospective Randomised Study

    PubMed Central

    Mittal, Sushil

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Routine abdominal drainage after laparoscopy cholecystectomy is an issue of considerable debate. Reason for draining is to detect early bile/blood leak and allow CO2 insufflate during laparoscopy to escape via drain site thereby decreased shoulder tip pain and post-operative nausea and vomiting. But some studies show no difference in post-operative nausea /vomiting/pain between drain and no drain group. Aim To assess the role of drains following uncomplicated laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Materials and Methods This prospective randomized study was conducted in the Department of General Surgery, Government Medical College and Rajindra Hospital, Patiala. Hundred patients of symptomatic gallstones satisfying the selection and exclusion criteria, undergoing uncomplicated laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in this study, 50 cases with drains in right subhepatic space (Group I) and 50 cases without drains (Group II). Both groups were compared in terms of post-operative shoulder pain, analgesic requirement, nausea and vomiting, hospital stay and analgesic requirement in patient with drains and without drains. SPSS version 16.0 (Chi-Square Test and Fisher-Exact Test) were used for statistical analysis. Results In this study, average operative time in both the groups was same (p-value 0.977). There was more incidence of nausea /vomiting in no drain group than in drain group. Shoulder tip pain was lower in drain group in first 12 hours post-operative. However, after 12 hours, drain group had higher shoulder tip pain than no drain group. Analgesic requirement was higher in no drain group upto 12 hours after which it was higher in drain group (statistically not significant). In terms of hospital stay patients in drain group had a longer stay in hospital as compared to no drain group (2.96 vs 2.26; p <0.001 statistically significant). Conclusion Use of drains in uncomplicated laparoscopic cholecystectomy is not advantageous; its role in reducing post

  8. Dynamic Article: Full-Thickness Excision for Benign Colon Polyps Using Combined Endoscopic Laparoscopic Surgery.

    PubMed

    Lin, Anthony Y; O'Mahoney, Paul R A; Milsom, Jeffrey W; Lee, Sang W

    2016-01-01

    Benign colon polyps are commonly encountered but may not always be amenable to endoscopic excision because of their size, shape, location, or scarring from previous attempts. The addition of laparoscopy allows a greater degree of bowel manipulation, but the current technique is still limited when encountering a polyp with inadequate lifting attributed to polyp morphology or scarring. We describe an extension to the existing combined endoscopic laparoscopic surgery technique using a full-thickness approach to increase polyp maneuverability and local excision of difficult but benign polyps. The purpose of this study was to report the technical details and preliminary results of a new approach for full-thickness excision of difficult colon polyps, combined endoscopic laparoscopic surgery full-thickness excision. This study is a retrospective review of our experience from December 2013 to May 2015. The study was conducted at a single academic institution. All of the patients had previous incomplete colonoscopic polypectomy performed at other institutions. Patients were selected for our technique if the polyp had a benign appearance but was unable to be resected by traditional endoscopic or combined endoscopic laparoscopic surgery methods because of polyp morphology or scarring from previous biopsies. The safety and feasibility of this procedure were measured. Three patients underwent combined endoscopic laparoscopic surgery-full-thickness excision for difficult colon polyps. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. The length of stay was 1 day for all of the patients. All 3 of the patients had benign final pathology. This study was limited by the small number of patients in a single institution. Full-thickness excision for benign colon polyps using combined endoscopic laparoscopic surgery is safe and feasible. Using this technique, difficult polyps not amenable to traditional endoscopic approaches can be removed and colectomy may be avoided.

  9. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy under spinal-epidural anesthesia vs. general anaesthesia: a prospective randomised study

    PubMed Central

    Erdem, Vuslat Muslu; Uzman, Sinan; Yildirim, Dogan; Avaroglu, Huseyin; Ferahman, Sina; Sunamak, Oguzhan

    2017-01-01

    Purpose Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is usually performed under the general anesthesia (GA). Aim of the study is to investigate the availability, safety and side effects of combined spinal/epidural anesthesia (CSEA) and comparison it with GA for LC. Methods Forty-nine patients who have a LC plan were included into the study. The patients were randomly divided into GA (n = 25) and CSEA (n = 24) groups. Intraoperative and postoperative adverse events, postoperative pain levels were compared between groups. Results Anesthesia procedures and surgeries for all patients were successfully completed. After the organization of pneumoperitoneum in CSEA group, 3 patients suffered from shoulder pain (12.5%) and 4 patients suffered from abdominal discomfort (16.6%). All these complaints were recovered with IV fentanyl administration. Only 1 patient developed hypotension which is recovered with fluid replacement and no need to use vasopressor treatment. Postoperative shoulder pain was significantly less observed in CSEA group (25% vs. 60%). Incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) was less observed in CSEA group but not statistically significant (4.2% vs. 20%). In the group of CSEA, 3 patients suffered from urinary retention (12.5%) and 2 patients suffered from spinal headache (8.3%). All postoperative pain parameters except 6th hour, were less observed in CSEA group, less VAS scores and less need to analgesic treatment in CSEA group comparing with GA group. Conclusion CSEA can be used safely for laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Less postoperative surgical field pain, shoulder pain and PONV are the advantages of CSEA compared to GA. PMID:28289667

  10. Factors affecting recovery of postoperative bowel function after pediatric laparoscopic surgery

    PubMed Central

    Michelet, Daphnée; Andreu-Gallien, Juliette; Skhiri, Alia; Bonnard, Arnaud; Nivoche, Yves; Dahmani, Souhayl

    2016-01-01

    Background and Aims: Laparoscopic pediatric surgery allows a rapid postoperative rehabilitation and hospital discharge. However, the optimal postoperative pain management preserving advantages of this surgical technique remains to be determined. This study aimed to identify factors affecting the postoperative recovery of bowel function after laparoscopic surgery in children. Material and Methods: A retrospective analysis of factors affecting recovery of bowel function in children and infants undergoing laparoscopic surgery between January 1, 2009 and September 30, 2009, was performed. Factors included were: Age, weight, extent of surgery (extensive, regional or local), chronic pain (sickle cell disease or chronic intestinal inflammatory disease), American Society of Anaesthesiologists status, postoperative analgesia (ketamine, morphine, nalbuphine, paracetamol, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs], nefopam, regional analgesia) both in the Postanesthesia Care Unit and in the surgical ward; and surgical complications. Data analysis used classification and regression tree analysis (CART) with a 10-fold cross validation. Results: One hundred and sixty six patients were included in the analysis. Recovery of bowel function depended upon: The extent of surgery, the occurrence of postoperative surgical complications, the administration of postoperative morphine in the surgical ward, the coadministration of paracetamol and NSAIDs and/or nefopam in the surgical ward and the emergency character of the surgery. The CART method generated a decision tree with eight terminal nodes. The percentage of explained variability of the model and the cross validation were 58% and 49%, respectively. Conclusion: Multimodal analgesia using nonopioid analgesia that allows decreasing postoperative morphine consumption should be considered for the speed of bowel function recovery after laparoscopic pediatric surgery. PMID:27625488

  11. The Role of Hand Assist Laparoscopic Surgery (HALS) in Pelvic Surgery for Nonmalignant Disease

    PubMed Central

    McCarus, Steven; Jones, Kathy Y.; Redan, Jay; Kim, John C.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: Hand assist laparoscopic surgery (HALS) is a surgical modality rarely used in benign gynecology. We analyzed nonmalignant pelvic disorders that utilized HALS to see whether there is any benefit over standard laparotomy. Methods: A case control chart review identified patients who underwent HALS for a variety of benign gynecological conditions from 2004 through 2007. Cases were then compared with a control group of all the patients who underwent similar procedures for the same diagnosis via laparotomy (ELAP) in our center within the same time period. The groups were comparable with respect to age, BMI, and surgical indication. Results: Twenty-nine patients were analyzed: 12 cases (HALS) and 17 controls (ELAP). Each group was broken up into 2 subsets: Group A, older patients who underwent surgery for pelvic organ prolapse or diverticulitis with adnexectomy and Group B, younger patients who underwent surgery for pelvic pain, endometriosis, or both. Hospital stay in Group B was statistically lower in the HALS cases vs. the ELAP controls, (2.9 vs. 5.4 days, P=0.04). All HALS and ELAP patients were then analyzed for overall trends. HALS cases had shorter hospitalization than ELAP controls had (3.3 vs 4.5 days, P=0.035). Estimated blood loss was also less overall in the HALS cases vs. the ELAP controls (175 vs 355.9 mL, P=0.021). There were 2 adverse outcomes reported in Group A of the HALS cases. These 2 patients experienced postoperative hernias though the hand-assist port-site incision. Conclusion: Compared with laparotomy, overall, HALS offers the advantage of decreased hospitalization and decreased intraoperative blood loss. Postoperative hernias through the HA port site may be a potential problem with this technique. PMID:20529531

  12. Infection of laparoscopically inserted inguinal hernia repair mesh following subsequent emergency open surgery: a report of two cases

    PubMed Central

    Panagiotopoulou, IG; Richardson, C; Gurunathan-Mani, S; Lagattolla, NRF

    2012-01-01

    We present two cases of laparoscopically inserted mesh for inguinal hernia repair that became infected following emergency open bowel surgery. We believe that there is an increased risk of infection due to the larger size of mesh used in the laparoscopic repair but also due to the patient not volunteering the information because of the minimally invasive nature of the procedure. PMID:22524902

  13. Comparative usability testing of conventional and single incision laparoscopic surgery devices.

    PubMed

    McCrory, Bernadette; Lowndes, Bethany R; LaGrange, Chad A; Miller, Emily E; Hallbeck, M Susan

    2013-06-01

    The objective was to perform competitive usability testing to assess the user experience of conventional laparoscopic and laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) devices. Recent advancements in single-incision instrumentation have created more interest in and usage of LESS. However, neither LESS nor its novel multichannel access devices have been thoroughly studied. Using a simulation test bed and standardized laparoscopic surgery task, the user experience of three commercially available LESS devices was compared to conventional laparoscopic ports based on time on task, errors, task success, and perceived ease of use. There were no significant differences between devices for time on task, errors, or task success (p > .05). For all devices, there were significantly more recoverable than unrecoverable errors, and errors occurred more frequently during the second phase of the task when the dominant hand was more active (p < .0001). Conventional laparoscopy was rated as easier to use than were the LESS devices (p < .01). Device performance of a basic laparoscopic task was similar in both conventional laparoscopy and LESS. Each of the LESS devices facilitated efficient and accurate aiming and grasping movements compared to conventional laparoscopy. Further investigation of human factors and ergonomics of LESS is needed to further develop, evaluate, and refine single-site surgery technologies to create a user experience equivalent to conventional laparoscopy. Competitive usability testing of medical devices yields objective performance data that can be used to inform purchase decisions and future device design improvements.

  14. Lighted ureteral stents in laparoscopic colorectal surgery; a five-year experience

    PubMed Central

    Lavy, Daniel; Dinallo, Anthony; Otero, Javier; Roding, Annelie; Hanos, Dustin; Dressner, Roy; Arvanitis, Michael

    2017-01-01

    Background Ureteral injuries during colorectal surgery are a rare event, ranging in the literature from 0.28–7.6%. Debate surrounds the use of prophylactic lighted ureteral stents to help protect the ureter during laparoscopic surgery. It has been suggested that they help to identify injuries but do not prevent them. The authors look to challenge this. Methods Over 66 months, every laparoscopic or colectomy involving ureteral stents was recorded. Researchers documented any injury to the ureter intraoperatively. The chart was also reviewed for the complications of urinary tract infection (UTI) and urinary retention post-operatively. Results During the 66 months, 402 laparoscopic colon resections were done. There were no ureteral injuries. The lighted ureteral stent was identified during every case in the effort to prevent injury during dissection and resection. No catheter associated UTIs were identified, while 14 (3.5%) suffered from post-operative urinary retention. Conclusions The authors of this study present a large series of colon resections with no intraoperative ureteral injuries. In addition, these catheters were not associated with any UTIs and a rate of urinary retention similar to that of the at large data. This series provides compelling data to use lighted ureteral stents during laparoscopic colon surgery. PMID:28251123

  15. Single incision laparoscopic surgery for a life-threatening, cyst of liver.

    PubMed

    Kashiwagi, Hiroyuki; Kumagai, Kenta; Nozue, Mutsumi

    2011-04-20

    Most liver cysts are asymptomatic and tend to have a benign clinical course. However, symptomatic or complicated liver cysts sometimes require surgical intervention. The laparoscopic approach is crucial and provides definitive treatment for such cysts. Recently, a trend of laparoscopic procedure has been toward minimizing the number of incisions. We performed single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) for a huge liver cyst with chronic heart failure and thrombosis of the inferior vena cava. An 83 year-old female presented with a month-long history of general fatigue and loss of appetite. She had a history of a huge liver cyst with chronic heart failure and this had been treated in another hospital eight months previously. Physical examination revealed a huge mass in the right upper abdomen without local tenderness or any peritoneal signs. A CT scan demonstrated simple liver cysts and compression of the IVC and right ventricule, with IVC thrombosis. After heparinization, we performed needle aspiration for cytology of the largest cyst and improvement of cardiac function. Six days later, we performed wide unroofing by Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS). She was moved to a rehabilitation ward two weeks after surgery. No recurrence of the liver cyst was detected two months later.

  16. A laparoscopic approach is associated with a decreased incidence of SSI in patients undergoing palliative surgery for malignant bowel obstruction.

    PubMed

    Maeda, Yoshiaki; Shinohara, Toshiki; Katayama, Tomonari; Minagawa, Nozomi; Sunahara, Masao; Nagatsu, Akihisa; Futakawa, Noriaki; Hamada, Tomonori

    2017-06-01

    Several authors have reported on the utility of a laparoscopic approach for the palliation of malignant bowel obstruction (MBO); however, the advantages of laparoscopic surgery for MBO have not yet been confirmed. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent palliative surgery for MBO between 2007 and 2015. Laparoscopic procedures have been performed when technically possible since 2014. Successful palliation was defined as the ability to tolerate solid food (TSF) for at least 2 weeks. Twenty-two patients underwent laparoscopic palliative surgery, and 171 patients underwent conventional open palliative surgery to relieve the symptoms of MBO. Laparoscopic palliative surgery was performed for patients with MBO due to colorectal cancer (n = 12), uterine cancer (n = 3), and other types of cancers (including gastric, prostate, and renal cancer). The following laparoscopic procedures were performed: stoma placement (n = 18), palliative resection (n = 3) and bypass (n = 2). The median operative time was 100 min and the median operative blood loss was 9 ml. The laparoscopic palliative operation allowed 91% (20/22) of the patients to consume a solid diet for more than 2 weeks, and be discharged from hospital. There were no significant differences between laparoscopic surgery and open surgery with regard to the ability to TSF or the postoperative mortality rate. The postoperative morbidity (Clavien-Dindo Grade ≥ II) rates in the laparoscopic and open surgery groups were 14% and 32%, respectively. Laparoscopic surgery led to a significantly lower rate of postoperative surgical site infection (SSI) in comparison to open surgery (4.5% vs 32%; P = 0.0053). A laparoscopic approach in palliative surgery for MBO was safe and feasible, and was associated with a lower incidence of SSIs. By minimizing the postoperative morbidity rate, the laparoscopic approach may provide significant benefits to patients with MBO who have a limited life

  17. Superpixel-based structure classification for laparoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bodenstedt, Sebastian; Görtler, Jochen; Wagner, Martin; Kenngott, Hannes; Müller-Stich, Beat Peter; Dillmann, Rüdiger; Speidel, Stefanie

    2016-03-01

    Minimally-invasive interventions offers multiple benefits for patients, but also entails drawbacks for the surgeon. The goal of context-aware assistance systems is to alleviate some of these difficulties. Localizing and identifying anatomical structures, maligned tissue and surgical instruments through endoscopic image analysis is paramount for an assistance system, making online measurements and augmented reality visualizations possible. Furthermore, such information can be used to assess the progress of an intervention, hereby allowing for a context-aware assistance. In this work, we present an approach for such an analysis. First, a given laparoscopic image is divided into groups of connected pixels, so-called superpixels, using the SEEDS algorithm. The content of a given superpixel is then described using information regarding its color and texture. Using a Random Forest classifier, we determine the class label of each superpixel. We evaluated our approach on a publicly available dataset for laparoscopic instrument detection and achieved a DICE score of 0.69.

  18. Evolution of laparoscopic surgery in a high volume hepatobiliary unit: 150 consecutive pure laparoscopic hepatectomies.

    PubMed

    López-Ben, Santiago; Ranea, Alejandro; Albiol, M Teresa; Falgueras, Laia; Castro, Ernesto; Casellas, Margarida; Codina-Barreras, Antoni; Figueras, Joan

    2017-05-01

    Compared to other surgical areas, laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) has not been widely implemented and currently less than 20% of hepatectomies are performed laparoscopically worldwide. The aim of our study was to evaluate the feasibility, and the ratio of implementation of LLR in our department. We analyzed a prospectively maintained database of 749 liver resections performed during the last 10-year period in a single centre. A total of 150 (20%) consecutive pure LLR were performed between 2005 and 2015. In 87% of patients the indication was the presence ofprimary or metastatic liver malignancy. We performed 30 major hepatectomies (20%) and (80%) were minor resections, performed in all liver segments. Twelve patients were operated twice and 2 patients underwent a third LLR. The proportion of LLR increased from 12% in 2011 to 62% in the last year. Conversion rate was 9%. Overall morbidity rate was 36% but only one third were classified as severe. The 90-day mortality rate was 1%. Median hospital stay was 4 days and the rate of readmissions was 6%. The implementation of LLR has been fast with morbidity and mortality comparable to other published series. In the last 2 years more than half of the hepatectomies are performed laparoscopically in our centre. Copyright © 2017 AEC. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  19. Cosmesis and body image after single-port laparoscopic or conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a multicenter double blinded randomised controlled trial (SPOCC-trial).

    PubMed

    Steinemann, Daniel C; Raptis, Dimitri A; Lurje, Georg; Oberkofler, Christian E; Wyss, Roland; Zehnder, Adrian; Lesurtel, Mickael; Vonlanthen, René; Clavien, Pierre-Alain; Breitenstein, Stefan

    2011-09-12

    Emerging attempts have been made to reduce operative trauma and improve cosmetic results of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. There is a trend towards minimizing the number of incisions such as natural transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) and single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SPLC). Many retrospective case series propose excellent cosmesis and reduced pain in SPLC. As the latter has been confirmed in a randomized controlled trial, patient's satisfaction on cosmesis is still controversially debated. The SPOCC trial is a prospective, multi-center, double blinded, randomized controlled study comparing SPLC with 4-port conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (4PLC) in elective surgery. The hypothesis and primary objective is that patients undergoing SPLC will have a better outcome in cosmesis and body image 12 weeks after surgery. This primary endpoint is assessed using a validated 8-item multiple choice type questionnaire on cosmesis and body image. The secondary endpoint has three entities: the quality of life 12 weeks after surgery assessed by the validated Short-Form-36 Health Survey questionnaire, postoperative pain assessed by a visual analogue scale and the use of analgesics. Operative time, surgeon's experience with SPLC and 4PLC, use of additional ports, conversion to 4PLC or open cholecystectomy, length of stay, costs, time of work as well as intra- and postoperative complications are further aspects of the secondary endpoint. Patients are randomly assigned either to SPLC or to 4PLC. Patients as well as treating physicians, nurses and assessors are blinded until the 7th postoperative day. Sample size calculation performed by estimating a difference of cosmesis of 20% (alpha = 0.05 and beta = 0.90, drop out rate of 10%) resulted in a number of 55 randomized patients per arm. The SPOCC-trial is a prospective, multi-center, double-blind, randomized controlled study to assess cosmesis and body image after SPLC. (clinicaltrial.gov): NCT 01278472.

  20. Urology residents training in laparoscopic surgery. Development of a virtual reality model.

    PubMed

    Gutiérrez-Baños, J L; Ballestero-Diego, R; Truan-Cacho, D; Aguilera-Tubet, C; Villanueva-Peña, A; Manuel-Palazuelos, J C

    2015-11-01

    The training and learning of residents in laparoscopic surgery has legal, financial and technological limitations. Simulation is an essential tool in the training of residents as a supplement to their training in laparoscopic surgery. The training should be structured in an appropriate environment, with previously established and clear objectives, taught by professionals with clinical and teaching experience in simulation. The training should be conducted with realistic models using animals and ex-vivo tissue from animals. It is essential to incorporate mechanisms to assess the objectives during the residents' training progress. We present the training model for laparoscopic surgery for urology residents at the University Hospital Valdecilla. The training is conducted at the Virtual Hospital Valdecilla, which is associated with the Center for Medical Simulation in Boston and is accredited by the American College of Surgeons. The model is designed in 3 blocks, basic for R1, intermediate for R2-3 and advanced for R4-5, with 9 training modules. The training is conducted in 4-hour sessions for 4 afternoons, for 3 weeks per year of residence. Residents therefore perform 240 hours of simulated laparoscopic training by the end of the course. For each module, we use structured objective assessments to measure each resident's training progress. Since 2003, 9 urology residents have been trained, in addition to the 5 who are currently in training. The model has undergone changes according to the needs expressed in the student feedback. The acquisition of skills in a virtual reality model has enabled the safe transfer of those skills to actual practice. A laparoscopic surgery training program designed in structured blocks and with progressive complexity provides appropriate training for transferring the skills acquired using this model to an actual scenario while maintaining patient safety. Copyright © 2015 AEU. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  1. [Laparoscopic diagnosis and treatment of early adhesive small bowel obstruction after gynecological surgery].

    PubMed

    Timofeev, M E; Breusenko, V G; Shapoval'iants, S G; Fedorov, E D; Larichev, S E; Kretsu, V N

    2015-01-01

    It is presented the results of diagnostic and curative laparoscopic interventions in 33 patients with acute early adhesive small bowel obstruction. Ileus developed after surgical treatment (laparotomy) of different gynecological diseases. Laparoscopy appeared as the most informative diagnostic method to confirm diagnosis in all patients, to estimate state of abdominal cavity and small pelvis organs what can help to determine method of surgical treatment. Contraindications for laparoscopic surgery were identified in 12 (36.4%) patients and conversion to laparotomy was applied in this group. Postoperative complications were diagnosed in 1 (8.3%) patient. 2 (16.6%) patients died. Early adhesive ileus was resolved laparoscopically in 21 (63.6%) of 33 patients. Recurrent acute early adhesive ileus was detected in 1 (4.7%) patient.

  2. A model for longitudinal mentoring and telementoring of laparoscopic colon surgery.

    PubMed

    Schlachta, Christopher M; Sorsdahl, A Kent; Kent, Sorsdahl A; Lefebvre, Kevin L; McCune, Marcie L; Jayaraman, Shiva

    2009-07-01

    To demonstrate the feasibility of longitudinal mentoring and telementoring of community surgeons in laparoscopic colon surgery. A mentoring protocol was established between a university centre and surgeons at a community hospital 60 km away. The community surgeons (CS) attended a course on laparoscopic colon surgery before observing surgery at the mentoring institution. Patients were identified from the CS practice and referred for formal consultation with the mentor. The mentor worked with the same two CS on every case in their local hospital. Procedure outcomes were recorded using Canadian Advanced Endoscopic Surgery Registry (CAESaR) practice audit software. The mentoring endpoint was 20 cases based on American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons (ASCRS)/Society of Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) guidelines. From March 2006 to August 2007, 40 patients underwent elective colon surgery by the CS, 20 of whom were referred and accepted for laparoscopic mentoring. After nine cases the MS did not scrub. Beginning with case 15, procedures were telementored except for a subtotal colectomy for which the MS assisted. Patients selected for mentoring (7 female, 13 male) compared with open cases (8 female, 12 male) were younger (60 +/- 13 years versus 72 +/- 17 years, p = 0.013), less likely to have cancer (50% versus 70%, p = 0.33)) and tended to require less complex resections. There were no conversions. Mentored cases took longer (150 +/- 43 min versus 108 +/- 40 min, p = 0.003) but resulted in shorter hospital stay (median 2.5 versus 7.0 days, p < 0.001). Median number of lymph nodes were equivalent in cancer resections (13 versus 12, p = 0.465) There were no technical difficulties with telementoring. Data will be recorded for a further 1 year to assess adoption rate and outcomes. This project demonstrates the feasibility of longitudinal mentoring and telementoring of laparoscopic colon surgery for cancer. This program may serve as a model for safe

  3. Expert Opinion on Laparoscopic Surgery for Colorectal Cancer Parallels Evidence from a Cumulative Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

    PubMed Central

    Martel, Guillaume; Crawford, Alyson; Barkun, Jeffrey S.; Boushey, Robin P.; Ramsay, Craig R.; Fergusson, Dean A.

    2012-01-01

    Background This study sought to synthesize survival outcomes from trials of laparoscopic and open colorectal cancer surgery, and to determine whether expert acceptance of this technology in the literature has parallel cumulative survival evidence. Study Design A systematic review of randomized trials was conducted. The primary outcome was survival, and meta-analysis of time-to-event data was conducted. Expert opinion in the literature (published reviews, guidelines, and textbook chapters) on the acceptability of laparoscopic colorectal cancer was graded using a 7-point scale. Pooled survival data were correlated in time with accumulating expert opinion scores. Results A total of 5,800 citations were screened. Of these, 39 publications pertaining to 23 individual trials were retained. As well, 414 reviews were included (28 guidelines, 30 textbook chapters, 20 systematic reviews, 336 narrative reviews). In total, 5,782 patients were randomized to laparoscopic (n = 3,031) and open (n = 2,751) colorectal surgery. Survival data were presented in 16 publications. Laparoscopic surgery was not inferior to open surgery in terms of overall survival (HR = 0.94, 95% CI 0.80, 1.09). Expert opinion in the literature pertaining to the oncologic acceptability of laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer correlated most closely with the publication of large RCTs in 2002–2004. Although increasingly accepted since 2006, laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer remained controversial. Conclusions Laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer is non-inferior to open surgery in terms of overall survival, and has been so since 2004. The majority expert opinion in the literature has considered these two techniques to be equivalent since 2002–2004. Laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer has been increasingly accepted since 2006, but remains controversial. Knowledge translation efforts in this field appear to have paralleled the accumulation of clinical trial evidence. PMID:22532846

  4. Post-operative brachial plexus neuropraxia: A less recognised complication of combined plastic and laparoscopic surgeries

    PubMed Central

    Thomas, Jimmy

    2014-01-01

    This presentation is to increase awareness of the potential for brachial plexus injury during prolonged combined plastic surgery procedures. A case of brachial plexus neuropraxia in a 26-year-old obese patient following a prolonged combined plastic surgery procedure was encountered. Nerve palsy due to faulty positioning on the operating table is commonly seen over the elbow and popliteal fossa. However, injury to the brachial plexus has been a recently reported phenomenon due to the increasing number of laparoscopic and robotic procedures. Brachial plexus injury needs to be recognised as a potential complication of prolonged combined plastic surgery. Preventive measures are discussed. PMID:25593443

  5. Post-operative brachial plexus neuropraxia: A less recognised complication of combined plastic and laparoscopic surgeries.

    PubMed

    Thomas, Jimmy

    2014-01-01

    This presentation is to increase awareness of the potential for brachial plexus injury during prolonged combined plastic surgery procedures. A case of brachial plexus neuropraxia in a 26-year-old obese patient following a prolonged combined plastic surgery procedure was encountered. Nerve palsy due to faulty positioning on the operating table is commonly seen over the elbow and popliteal fossa. However, injury to the brachial plexus has been a recently reported phenomenon due to the increasing number of laparoscopic and robotic procedures. Brachial plexus injury needs to be recognised as a potential complication of prolonged combined plastic surgery. Preventive measures are discussed.

  6. [Education in laparoscopic surgery: national survey on current strategies and relevance of simulation training].

    PubMed

    Bonrath, E M; Buckl, L; Brüwer, M; Senninger, N; Rijcken, E

    2012-04-01

    Laparoscopic surgery demands from the surgeon specific operative skills. Learning -curves have been described for many procedures in this technique. In order to evaluate the avail-able laparoscopic teaching resources and meth-ods in Germany an opinion survey was per-formed. Directors of 284 surgical departments were polled using a questionnaire regarding department and operation statistics, -laparoscopic education and availability of simulation facilities ("Skills Labs" SL). The response rate was 54 %. 88 % of the department directors considered laparoscopic -simulation an efficient teaching method and 91 % felt that simulation improves operating room performance. A SL was available in 27 % of these -departments. The training modules most commonly offered were basic laparoscopic skills such as coordination exercises (100 %) and suturing techniques (89 %). The actual median acquisition costs amounted to 20 000 € in our evaluation, with annual running costs of a median of 1000 €. Although most of the questioned surgeons acknowledged the value of SL, this method of education is not widely available in Germany. Therefore we feel that simulation training in Germany still requires stronger support. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart ˙ New York.

  7. Single incision laparoscopic surgery - is it time for laboratory skills training?

    PubMed

    Laski, Dariusz; Stefaniak, Tomasz J; Makarewicz, Wojciech; Bobowicz, Maciej; Kobiela, Jarosław; Nateghi, Behzad; Proczko, Monika; Madejewska, Ilona; Gruca, Zbigniew; Sledzinski, Zbigniew

    2013-09-01

    With the introduction of new surgical equipment, there is always the need for new, more advanced training. The authors try to answer whether the use of the newest generation tools has an impact on achieving better results in single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) technique during the exercises in the surgical skills laboratory. There were 51 participants in the study: 44 'novices' and 7 'experts'. All subjects performed the 'advanced grasping' exercise according to the FLS programme manual using four types of laparoscopic approach including two SILS ports and SILS-dedicated instruments. The outcome measures involved task completion time and the number of errors. Tasks using straight laparoscopic instruments set together with classic three-port access as well as SILS access ports were finished significantly faster when compared with SILS-dedicated instruments (p < 0.05). There were no significant differences in performance times between the two setups with straight instruments (p < 0.05) and both setups with SILS-dedicated instruments, irrespective of the use of curved or dynamic articulated tools. Students with no previous laparoscopic experience had significantly worse task completion times in all tasks in comparison to students with laparoscopic laboratory training and the 'experts' group. The use of the straight instruments in the SILS technique remain similar to its performance in full triangulation. SILS-dedicated instruments paradoxically increase the task completion time irrespective of possessed skills. The study showed the necessity of a SILS-dedicated tools training programme.

  8. Two-port laparoscopic appendectomy as transition to laparoendoscopic single site surgery

    PubMed Central

    Olijnyk, José Gustavo; Pretto, Guilherme Gonçalves; da Costa Filho, Omero Pereira; Machado, Fernando Koboldt; Silva Chalub, Sidney Raimundo; Cavazzola, Leandro Totti

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: According to the precepts of reduced surgical trauma and better cosmesis, an intermediate laparoscopic appendectomy technique between the conventional three-trocar procedure and Laparoendoscopic Single Site Surgery (LESS) was performed, based on literature review and experience of the surgical team. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with early stage acute appendicitis and a favourable anatomical presentation were selected. The procedure was performed with two ports: A 10 mm trocar at the umbilicus site for laparoscope and a 5 mm one just above the pubic bone for grasper. The appendix was secured by external wire traction through a right iliac fossa puncture with 14-gauge intravenous catheter. RESULTS: From August 2009 to December 2012, we performed 42 cases; two required conversion to a conventional laparoscopic technique. There were no complications in the remaining, no wound infections and a mean operation time of 64.5 minutes. CONCLUSION: The use of two-port laparoscopic appendectomy can act as a LESS intermediate step procedure, without loss of instrumental triangulation and maintenance of appropriate counter-traction. This technique can be used as an alternative to the three-port laparoscopic procedure in patients with initial presentation of appendicitis and a favourable anatomical position. PMID:24501505

  9. Laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer is safe and has survival outcomes similar to those of open surgery in elderly patients with a poor performance status: subanalysis of a large multicenter case-control study in Japan.

    PubMed

    Niitsu, Hiroaki; Hinoi, Takao; Kawaguchi, Yasuo; Ohdan, Hideki; Hasegawa, Hirotoshi; Suzuka, Ichio; Fukunaga, Yosuke; Yamaguchi, Takashi; Endo, Shungo; Tagami, Soichi; Idani, Hitoshi; Ichihara, Takao; Watanabe, Kazuteru; Watanabe, Masahiko

    2016-01-01

    It remains controversial whether open or laparoscopic surgery should be indicated for elderly patients with colorectal cancer and a poor performance status. In those patients aged 80 years or older with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score of 2 or greater who received elective surgery for stage 0 to stage III colorectal adenocarcinoma and had no concomitant malignancies and who were enrolled in a multicenter case-control study entitled "Retrospective study of laparoscopic colorectal surgery for elderly patients" that was conducted in Japan between 2003 and 2007, background characteristics and short-term and long-term outcomes for open surgery and laparoscopic surgery were compared. Of the 398 patients included, 295 underwent open surgery and 103 underwent laparoscopic surgery. There were no significant differences in the baseline characteristics between open surgery and laparoscopic surgery patients, except for previous abdominal surgery and TNM stage. The median operation duration was shorter with open surgery (open surgery, 153 min; laparoscopic surgery, 202 min; P < 0.001), and less blood loss occurred with laparoscopic surgery (median open surgery, 109 g; median laparoscopic surgery, 30 g; P < 0.001). An operation duration of 180 min or more (odds ratio, 1.97; 95 % confidence interval, 1.17-3.37; P = 0.011) and selection of laparoscopic surgery (odds ratio, 0.41; 95 % confidence interval, 0.22-0.75; P = 0.003) were statistically significant in the multivariate analysis for postoperative morbidity. Moreover, laparoscopic surgery did not result in an inferior overall survival rate compared with open surgery (log-rank test P = 0.289, 0.278, 0.346, 0.199, for all-stage, stage 0-I, stage II, and stage III disease, respectively). Laparoscopic surgery in elderly colorectal cancer patients with a poor performance status is safe and not inferior to open surgery in terms of overall survival.

  10. Evaluation of the complications in transperitoneal laparoscopic renal and adrenal surgery with Clavien-Dindo classification

    PubMed Central

    Balcı, Melih; Tuncel, Altuğ; Güzel, Özer; Aslan, Yılmaz; Keten, Tanju; Köseoğlu, Ersin; Erkan, Anıl; Atan, Ali

    2016-01-01

    Objective To evaluate our complications in renal and adrenal transperitoneal laparoscopic surgeries with Clavien-Dindo classification. Material and methods Two hundred and eight patients to whom renal and adrenal laparoscopic surgeries were performed between January 2008 and June 2015 were included the study. One hundred and twenty one (58.2%) patients were female and 87 (41.8%) of them were male. Laparoscopic procedures were performed as radical nephrectomy (n=49; 23.6%), simple nephrectomy (n=56; 26.9%), and partial nephrectomy (n=7; 3.4%), renal cyst decortication (n=27; 13%), pyelopasty (n=14; 6.7%) and adrenalectomy (n=55; 26.4%). Complications were classified according to Clavien-Dindo classification. Results The mean age of the patients was 48.01±14.9 years. The mean duration of hospital stay was 3.5±1.9 days. According to European Scoring System for Laparoscopic Operations the procedures were graded based on procedural difficulty as simple (n=27; 12.9%), difficult (n=172; 82.8%), and highly difficult (n=9; 4.3%). Complications were observed in 13 (6.3%) interventions. One of these occurred during very hard and 14 during difficult procedures. According to Clavien-Dindo Classification; Grades 1, 2, and 3 A complications developed in 3 (1.4%), 9 (4.3%), and 1(0.5%) patient, respectively. Conclusion Laparoscopic surgery is an efficient procedure in well-chosen patients for renal and adrenal diseases with low complication rates. PMID:27274890

  11. Laparoscopic surgery for treating adnexal masses during the first trimester of pregnancy

    PubMed Central

    Minig, Lucas; Otaño, Lucas; Cruz, Pilar; Patrono, María Guadalupe; Botazzi, Cecilia; Zapardiel, Ignacio

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic surgery for treating adnexal masses during the first trimester of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study of a prospective collection of data of all pregnant women who underwent laparoscopic surgery for adnexal masses during the first trimester of pregnancy between January 1999 and November 2012 at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of the Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina was performed. RESULTS: A total of 13 women were included. The median (range) gestational age at the moment of surgical procedure was 7 weeks (range: 5-12 weeks). The main indication of surgery was cyst torsion in four cases (30.7%) and rupture of ovarian cysts in four cases (30.7%). Other indications included persistent ovarian cyst in three patients (23%) and heterotopic pregnancy in two cases (15.3%). Neither surgical complications nor spontaneous abortions occurred in any of the cases and the post-operative period was uneventful in all the cases. No cases of intrauterine growth retardation, preterm delivery, congenital defects, or neonatal complications were registered. CONCLUSION: The treatment of complicated adnexal masses by laparoscopic surgery during the first trimester of pregnancy appears to be a safe procedure both for the mother and for the foetus. Additional research on a larger number of cases is still needed to support these conclusions. PMID:26917915

  12. The Effect of Preoperative Ketorolac on WBC Response and Pain in Laparoscopic Surgery for Endometriosis

    PubMed Central

    2005-01-01

    Surgical stress causes changes in the composition of white blood cells (WBCs). Ketorolac is believed to have analgesic effects and to reduce the stress response and may therefore improve postoperative outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of preoperative ketorolac on the WBC subsets in patients who had laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis. Fifty patients who had laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis were randomly assigned to one of two groups: the ketorolac group (n = 25) received ketorolac 0.5 mg/kg before the induction of anesthesia, and the control group (n = 25) received saline. White cell count, differential, and pathology studies were done immediately after surgery, on postoperative day 1, and on postoperative day 3. We compared the baseline values within and between the two groups. We also assessed postoperative pain and side effects. The time that elapsed before the first patient request for analgesia, total meperidine dose and VAS (Visual Analog Scale) for postoperative pain were significantly lower in the ketorolac group than in the control group. Compared to the pre- surgical values, there was an increase in total WBC count and percentage of neutrophils, but a decrease in percentages of lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, basophils, and leucocytes. Total WBC count, neutrophils, monocytes, eosinophils and leucocytes showed significant differences between the two groups. The incidences of postoperative side effects, such as nausea, dizziness, headache, and shoulder pain were not different between the groups. Preoperative ketorolac reduced postoperative pain and influenced the WBC response in laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis. PMID:16385658

  13. Laparoscopic reduction of intussusception in children by a single surgeon in comparison with open surgery.

    PubMed

    Kao, Chunyu; Tseng, Sheng-Hong; Chen, Yun

    2011-05-01

    The surgical approach for managing intussusception is controversial. In this study, a retrospective analysis of patients undergoing surgical reduction for intussusception over a period of five years was conducted. All patients received either open surgery or laparoscopic approach after failing enema reduction of intussusception. The clinical and operative data were collected and analyzed. Eight patients received open surgery (OPEN group), and 37 patients received laparoscopic surgery, while two (5.4%) of them converted to open surgery. The remaining 35 patients were included in the LAP group. There was no difference in age, gender, clinical symptoms and signs, duration of symptoms, level of intussusception, and complications between the OPEN and LAP groups. In contrast, the operation time and length of hospital stay in the LAP group were significantly shorter than those in the OPEN group (P = 0.013 and P = 0.001 respectively). No recurrence was disclosed in the OPEN group but three patients in the LAP group had recurrent intussusception (8.6%); however, the difference of the recurrence rate between these two groups was not statistically significant (P = 0.40). In conclusion, reducing intussusception with the laparoscopic approach is highly successful and can be performed first for stable patients requiring surgical intervention.

  14. Muscular workload of veterinary students during simulated open and laparoscopic surgery: A pilot study.

    PubMed

    Kilkenny, Jessica; Larson, Dennis J; MacCormick, Mathew; Brown, Stephen H M; Singh, Ameet

    2017-08-01

    To compare upper extremity muscle activity and workload between simulated open surgery, multiple port laparoscopic surgery (MLS), and single incision laparoscopic surgery (SLS) techniques in veterinary students. Pilot study. Veterinary students (n = 10) from years 1 to 4. Bipolar skin surface electrodes were fixed bilaterally to the forearm flexor, forearm extensor, biceps brachii, triceps brachii, and upper trapezius muscles. Electromyography data were recorded during one repetition of 2 simulated surgical exercises via open surgery, MLS, and SLS. Participants completed a validated workload survey after each simulated surgical technique. Muscle activity and perceived workload were compared between surgical techniques with 1-way ANOVAs and Fisher's LSD post hoc tests. Muscle activity during peg transfer was higher with MLS and SLS compared to simulated open surgery in the right and left forearm extensors (both P < .0001), right (P < .0001) and left biceps (P = .0005), right triceps (P = .0004), and right upper trapezius muscles (P = .0211). Similar results were found for the right and left forearm extensors (both P < .0001), right (P = .0381) and left (P = .0147) forearm flexors, right biceps (P < .0001), and right triceps (P = .0004) during a simulated suture task. Participants found laparoscopic techniques more mentally demanding, physically demanding, complex, and stressful compared to a simulated open surgical technique. In veterinary students, average muscle activity and perceived workload were highest using MLS and SLS compared to an open surgical technique when performing simulated surgical exercises in a laparoscopic box trainer. © 2017 The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  15. Impact of Smoking on Perioperative Pulmonary and Upper Respiratory Complications after Laparoscopic Gynecologic Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Graybill, Whitney S.; Frumovitz, Michael; Nick, Alpa M.; Wei, Caimiao; Mena, Gabriel E.; Soliman, Pamela T.; dos Reis, Ricardo; Schmeler, Kathleen M.; Ramirez, Pedro T.

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To determine the impact of smoking on the rate of pulmonary and upper respiratory complications following laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. METHODS We retrospectively identified all patients who underwent laparoscopic gynecologic surgery at one institution between January 2000 and January 2009. Pulmonary and upper respiratory complications were defined as atelectasis, pneumonia, upper respiratory infection, acute respiratory failure, hypoxemia, pneumothorax, or pneumomediastinum occurring within 30 days after surgery RESULTS Nine hundred three patients underwent attempt at laparoscopic surgery. Fifty-four were excluded because of conversion to laparotomy and 31 because of insufficient data. Of the 818 patients included, 356 (43%) had cancer. A total of 576 (70%) patients were never smokers, 156 (19%) were past smokers, and 86 (10%) were current smokers (smoked within 6 weeks before surgery). These three groups were similar with regard to median body mass index, operative time, and length of hospital stay. Compared to never and past smokers, current smokers were more likely to undergo high-complexity laparoscopic procedures (10.4%, 15.4%, and 19.8%, respectively; p=0.015) and had younger median age 49 years, 51 years, and 46 years, respectively; p=0.035. Nineteen (2.3%) patients experienced pulmonary complications - symptomatic atelectasis (n=9), pneumonia (n=5), acute respiratory failure (n=2), hypoxemia (n=1), pneumomediastinum (n=1), and pneumothorax (n=2). The rate of pulmonary complications was 2.1% (12 of 564 patients) in never smokers, 4.5% (7 of 156 patients) in past smokers, and zero in current smokers. CONCLUSION In this cohort, smoking history did not appear to impact postoperative pulmonary and upper respiratory complications. In smokers scheduled for operative procedures, laparoscopy should be considered when feasible. PMID:22433464

  16. Total mesorectal excision for mid and low rectal cancer: Laparoscopic vs robotic surgery.

    PubMed

    Feroci, Francesco; Vannucchi, Andrea; Bianchi, Paolo Pietro; Cantafio, Stefano; Garzi, Alessia; Formisano, Giampaolo; Scatizzi, Marco

    2016-04-07

    To compare the short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic and robotic surgery for middle and low rectal cancer. This is a retrospective study on a prospectively collected database containing 111 patients who underwent minimally invasive rectal resection with total mesorectal excision (TME) with curative intent between January 2008 and December 2014 (robot, n = 53; laparoscopy, n = 58). The patients all had a diagnosis of middle and low rectal adenocarcinoma with stage I-III disease. The median follow-up period was 37.4 mo. Perioperative results, morbidity a pathological data were evaluated and compared. The 3-year overall survival and disease-free survival rates were calculated and compared. Patients were comparable in terms of preoperative and demographic parameters. The median surgery time was 192 min for laparoscopic TME (L-TME) and 342 min for robotic TME (R-TME) (P < 0.001). There were no differences found in the rates of conversion to open surgery and morbidity. The patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery stayed in the hospital two days longer than the robotic group patients (8 d for L-TME and 6 d for R-TME, P < 0.001). The pathologic evaluation showed a higher number of harvested lymph nodes in the robotic group (18 for R-TME, 11 for L-TME, P < 0.001) and a shorter distal resection margin for laparoscopic patients (1.5 cm for L-TME, 2.5 cm for R-TME, P < 0.001). The three-year overall survival and disease-free survival rates were similar between groups. Both L-TME and R-TME achieved acceptable clinical and oncologic outcomes. The robotic technique showed some advantages in rectal surgery that should be validated by further studies.

  17. Development of virtual environments for training skills and reducing errors in laparoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tendick, Frank; Downes, Michael S.; Cavusoglu, Murat C.; Gantert, Walter A.; Way, Lawrence W.

    1998-06-01

    In every surgical procedure there are key steps and skills that, if performed incorrectly, can lead to complications. In conjunction with efforts, based on task and error analysis, in the Videoscopic Training Center at UCSF to identify these key elements in laparoscopic surgical procedures, the authors are developing virtual environments and modeling methods to train the elements. Laparoscopic surgery is particularly demanding of the surgeon's spatial skills, requiring the ability to create 3D mental models and plans while viewing a 2D image. For example, operating a laparoscope with the objective lens angled from the scope axis is a skill that some surgeons have difficulty mastering, even after using the instrument in many procedures. Virtual environments are a promising medium for teaching spatial skills. A kinematically accurate model of an angled laparoscope in an environment of simple targets is being tested in courses for novice and experienced surgeons. Errors in surgery are often due to a misinterpretation of local anatomy compounded with inadequate procedural knowledge. Methods to avoid bile duct injuries in cholecystectomy are being integrated into a deformable environment consisting of the liver, gallbladder, and biliary tree. Novel deformable tissue modeling algorithms based on finite element methods will be used to improve the response of the anatomical models.

  18. Influence of pneumoperitoneum pressure on surgical field during robotic and laparoscopic surgery: a comparative study.

    PubMed

    Angioli, Roberto; Terranova, Corrado; Plotti, Francesco; Cafà, Ester Valentina; Gennari, Paolo; Ricciardi, Roberto; Aloisi, Alessia; Miranda, Andrea; Montera, Roberto; De Cicco Nardone, Carlo

    2015-04-01

    Studies on the influence of CO₂ pneumoperitoneum on the abdominal cavity during robotic procedures are lacking. This is the first study to evaluate surgical field modifications related to CO₂ pressure, during laparoscopic and robotic surgery. Consecutive patients scheduled for laparoscopic or robotic hysterectomy were enrolled in the study. To evaluate the level of operative field visualization, a dedicated form has been designed based on the evaluation of four different areas: Douglas space, vesico-uterine fold and, bilaterally, the broad ligament. During the initial inspection, an assistant randomly set the CO₂ pressure at 15, 10 and 5 mmHg, and the surgeon, not aware of the CO₂ values, was asked to give an evaluation of the four areas for each set pressure. In laparoscopic group, CO₂ pressure significantly influenced the surgical field visualization in all four areas analyzed. The surgeon had a good visualization only at 15 mmHg CO₂ pressure; visualization decreased with a statistically significant difference from 15 to 5, 15-10 and 10-5 mmHg. In robotic group, influence of CO₂ pressure on surgical areas visualization was not straightforward; operative field visualization remained stable at any pressure value with no significant difference. Pneumoperitoneum pressure significantly affects the visualization of the abdomino-pelvic cavity in laparoscopic procedures. Otherwise, CO₂ pressure does not affect the visualization of surgical field during robotic surgery. These findings are particularly significant especially at low CO₂ pressure with potential implications on peritoneal environment and the subsequent post-operative patient recovery.

  19. Visual tracking of da Vinci instruments for laparoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Speidel, S.; Kuhn, E.; Bodenstedt, S.; Röhl, S.; Kenngott, H.; Müller-Stich, B.; Dillmann, R.

    2014-03-01

    Intraoperative tracking of laparoscopic instruments is a prerequisite to realize further assistance functions. Since endoscopic images are always available, this sensor input can be used to localize the instruments without special devices or robot kinematics. In this paper, we present an image-based markerless 3D tracking of different da Vinci instruments in near real-time without an explicit model. The method is based on different visual cues to segment the instrument tip, calculates a tip point and uses a multiple object particle filter for tracking. The accuracy and robustness is evaluated with in vivo data.

  20. Optimization of near-infrared fluorescence cholangiography for open and laparoscopic surgery

    PubMed Central

    Verbeek, Floris P.R.; Schaafsma, Boudewijn E.; Tummers, Quirijn R.J.G.; van der Vorst, Joost R.; van der Made, Wendeline J.; Baeten, Coen I.M.; Bonsing, Bert A.; Frangioni, John V.; van de Velde, Cornelis J.H.; Vahrmeijer, Alexander L.; Swijnenburg, Rutger-Jan

    2013-01-01

    Background During laparoscopic cholecystectomy, common bile duct (CBD) injury is a rare but severe complication. To reduce the risk of injury, near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent cholangiography using indocyanine green (ICG) has recently been introduced as a novel method to visualize the biliary system during surgery. To date, several studies have shown feasibility of this technique. However, liver background fluorescence remains a major problem during fluorescent cholangiography. The aim of the current study was to optimize ICG dose and timing for NIR cholangiography using a quantitative intraoperative camera system during open hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) surgery. Subsequently, these results were validated during laparoscopic cholecystectomy using a laparoscopic fluorescence imaging system. Methods 27 patients who underwent NIR imaging using the Mini-FLARE image-guided surgery system during open HPB surgery were analyzed to assess optimal dosage and timing of ICG administration. ICG was intravenously injected preoperatively at doses of 5, 10, and 20 mg, and imaged at either 30 min (early) or 24 h (delayed) post-injection. Next, the optimal doses found for early and delayed imaging were applied to 2 groups of 7 patients (n=14) undergoing laparoscopic NIR fluorescent cholangiography during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Results Median liver-to-background contrast was 23.5 (range: 22.1–35.0), 16.8 (range: 11.3–25.1), 1.3 (range: 0.7–7.8), and 2.5 (range: 1.3–3.6) for the 5 mg/30 min, 10 mg/30 min, 10 mg/24 h and 20 mg/24 h respectively. Fluorescence intensity of the liver was significantly lower in the 10 mg delayed imaging dose group compared to the early imaging 5 mg and 10 mg dose groups (P = 0.001), which resulted in a significant increase in CBD-to-liver contrast ratio compared to the early administration groups (p < 0.002). These findings were qualitatively confirmed during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Conclusion This study shows that a prolonged interval

  1. Investigation on the smoke development during Laparoscopic surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sroka, Ronald; Fiedler, Sebastian; Pongratz, Thomas; Beyer, Wolfgang; Hennig, Georg; Rühm, Adrian; Khoder, Wael

    2014-03-01

    Objective: During laser assisted laparoscopic intervention smoke occurs reducing the clear vision to the target. Simply smoke suction is not possible with respect to deflating / enflating capabilities of the belly. Thus the clinical question arise if the use of different wavelength may show similar smoke development or whether is it possible to reduce the smoke development by wavelength selection. Materials and Methods: Tissue test model was "Bavarian Leberkäse". A special container set-up was created to collect the laser induced smoke. Smoke was suctioned through a capillary. The amount of light scattered by the smoke particles when flowing through this capillary was measured. Ablation parameter was continuous mode and10W at the end of a 400μm bare fibre for the wavelengths 980nm, 1350nm and 1470nm. Additional the optical transmission was measured. The vaporized tissue volume was measured. Results: Light scattering, optical parameters and vaporized tissue volume were correlated. Measurement showed reproducible results. While the time to get first signal of scattered light in case of 1470nm is shorter compared the other wavelength, the ratio of scatter-signal to ablation rate showed only a trend increase when longer wavelength were used. Conclusion: Tissue absorbers and carbonized tissue properties are relevant for smoke development resulting in an increased SI / AR ratio trend. Thus the expert physician in laparoscopic intervention should also be an expert in lasertissue interaction. Cutting without carbonization gained advantages.

  2. How can recovery be enhanced after single-stage laparoscopic management of CBD stones? Endoscopic treatment versus laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Chapuis-Roux, Emilie; Pellissier, Laurent; Browet, Francois; Berthou, Jean Charles; Hakim, Sami; Brazier, Franck; Cosse, Cyril; Delcenserie, Richard; Regimbeau, Jean Marc

    2017-07-01

    Single-stage management of CBD stones comprises simultaneous common bile duct (CBD) clearance and cholecystectomy. The CBD can be cleared by using endoscopic treatment (ET) or laparoscopic surgery (LS) alone. To determine the most rapid recovery after the single-stage laparoscopic management of CBD stones. Patients with CBD stones treated at either of two centers (one performing ET only and one performing LS only for single-stage treatment) were included. The primary endpoint was "the textbook outcome". The feasibility rate was 74% for ET and 100% for LS (p≤0.001). The proportion of cases with the textbook outcome was higher in the ET group than in the LS-only group (73% vs. 10%; p<0.001). The CBD clearance rate was similar in the ET and LS-only groups (100% vs. 96.6%, respectively; p=0.17). The overall morbidity rate was lower in the ET group than in the LS-only group (23% vs. 29%, p=0.05). Both ET and LS are feasible, safe and effective for clearance of the CBD. ET was better than LS in terms of a less frequent requirement for drainage and a shorter length of hospital stay. LS was associated with a shorter operating time. Copyright © 2017 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Comparative Effectiveness of Robotically Assisted Compared With Laparoscopic Adnexal Surgery for Benign Gynecologic Disease

    PubMed Central

    Wright, Jason D.; Kostolias, Alessandra; Ananth, Cande V.; Burke, William M.; Tergas, Ana I.; Prendergast, Eri; Ramsey, Scott D.; Neugut, Alfred I.; Hershman, Dawn L.

    2014-01-01

    Objective To perform a population-based analysis to compare the complications and cost of laparoscopic and robotically assisted adnexal surgery. Methods A nationwide database was utilized to analyze the use and outcomes of robotically assisted adnexal surgery from 2009–2012. Multivariable mixed effects regression models were developed to examine predictors of use of robotic surgery. After propensity score matching, complications and cost were compared between robotically assisted and laparoscopic surgery. Results 87,514 women were identified. From 2009 to 2012, performance of robotic-assisted oophorectomy increased from 3.5% (95% CI, 3.2–3.8%) to 15.0% (95% CI, 14.4–15.6%), while robotically assisted cystectomy rose from 2.4% (95% CI, 2.0–2.7%) to 12.9% (95% CI, 12.2–13.5%). The overall complication rate was 7.1% (95% CI, 4.0–10.2%) for robotically assisted vs. 6.0% (95% CI, 2.9–9.1%) for laparoscopic oophorectomy (OR=1.20; 95% CI, 1.00–1.45) (P=0.052). Robotic-assisted oophorectomy was associated with a higher rate of intraoperative complications (3.4% vs. 2.1%, OR=1.60; 95% CI, 1.21–2.13). The overall complication rate was 3.7% (95% CI −0.8–8.2%) after robotically assisted versus 2.7% (95% CI, −1.8–7.2%) for laparoscopic cystectomy (OR=1.38; 95% CI, 0.95–1.99). The intraoperative complication rate was higher for robotically assisted cystectomy (2.0% vs. 0.9%, OR=2.40; 95% CI, 1.31–4.38). Compared to laparoscopy, robotically assisted oophorectomy was associated with $2504 (95% CI, $2356–$2652) increased total costs and robotically assisted cystectomy $3310 (95% CI, $3082–$3581) higher costs. Conclusion Use of robotically assisted adnexal surgery increased rapidly. Compared to laparoscopic surgery, robotically assisted adnexal surgery is associated with substantially greater costs and a small, but statistically significant, increase in intraoperative complications. PMID:25437715

  4. Laparoendoscopic single-site versus conventional laparoscopic surgery for ovarian mature cystic teratoma

    PubMed Central

    Park, Jeong-Yeol; Kim, Dae-Yeon; Suh, Dae-Shik; Kim, Jong-Hyeok

    2015-01-01

    Objective To compare the intraoperative and postoperative outcomes of laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) versus conventional laparoscopic surgery in women with ovarian mature cystic teratoma. Methods A retrospective review of 303 women who underwent LESS (n=139) or conventional laparoscopic surgery (n=164) due to ovarian mature cystic teratoma was performed. Intra- and postoperative outcomes were compared between the two groups. Results There was no intergroup difference in age, body weight, height, body mass index, comorbidities, tumor size, bilaterality of tumor, or the type of surgery. However, more patients in the LESS group had a history of previous abdominal surgery (19.4% vs. 6.7%, P=0.001). Surgical outcomes including operating time (89 vs. 87.8 minutes, P=0.734), estimated blood loss (69.4 vs. 68.4 mL, P=0.842), transfusion requirement (2.2% vs. 0.6%, P=0.336), perioperative hemoglobin level change (1.3 vs. 1.2 g/dL, P=0.593), postoperative hospital stay (2.0 vs. 2.1 days, P=0.119), and complication rate (1.4% vs. 1.8%, P=0.999) did not differ between LESS and conventional groups. Postoperative pain scores measured using a visual analogue scale were significantly lower in the LESS group at 8 hours (P=0.021), 16 hours (P=0.034), and 32 hours (P=0.004) after surgery, and 32 of 139 patients (23%) in the LESS group and 78 of 164 patients (47.6%) in the conventional group required at least one additional analgesic (P<0.001). Conclusion LESS was feasible and showed comparable surgical outcomes with conventional laparoscopic surgery for women with ovarian mature cystic teratoma. LESS was associated with less postoperative pain and required less analgesia. PMID:26217600

  5. Use of a hand-held Doppler to avoid abdominal wall vessels in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed Central

    Whiteley, M. S.; Laws, S. A.; Wise, M. H.

    1994-01-01

    Laparoscopy in general surgery is becoming a wide-spread technique. Substantial anterior abdominal wall haemorrhage is a recognised complication of the laparoscopic technique. Ten patients were examined with an 8 MHz hand-held Doppler and the anterior abdominal wall vessels were marked on the skin. Colour flow duplex was used to confirm the presence of vessels found in this way. All 40 epigastric arteries were marked accurately and confirmed; 75 other intramural arteries were identified, although the majority were too small for duplex confirmation. The preoperative use of hand-held Doppler is a quick and non-invasive way to identify the epigastric and larger intramural arteries. Routine use of this technique to mark abdominal wall vessels in the areas of trocar insertion should reduce this complication of laparoscopic surgery. PMID:7661918

  6. Is expertise in pediatric surgery necessary to perform laparoscopic splenectomy in children? An experience from a department of general surgery.

    PubMed

    Guaglio, Marcello; Romano, Fabrizio; Garancini, Mattia; Degrate, Luca; Luperto, Margherita; Uggeri, Fabio; Scotti, Mauro; Uggeri, Franco

    2012-06-01

    Splenectomy is frequently required in children for various hematologic pathologic findings. Because of progress in minimally invasive techniques, laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) has become feasible. The objective of this report is to present a monocentric experience and to evaluate the efficacy of and complications observed after laparoscopic splenic procedures in a department of general surgery. 57 consecutive LSs have been performed in a pediatric population between January 2000 and October 2010. There were 33 females and 24 males with a median age of 12 years (range 4-17). Indications were: hereditary spherocytosis 38 cases, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura 10, sickle cell disease (SCD) 6, thrombocytopenic thrombotic purpura 2 and non-hodgkin lymphoma 1 case. Patients were operated on using right semilateral position, employing Atlas Ligasure vessel sealing system in 49 cases (86%) and Harmonic Scalpel + EndoGIA in 8. In 24 patients (42.1%), a cholecystectomy was associated. Two patients required conversion to open splenectomy (3.5%). In three cases, a minilaparotomy was performed for spleen removal (5.2%). Accessory spleens were identified in three patients (5.2%). Complications (8.8%) included bleeding (two), abdominal collection (one) and pleural effusion (two). There was no mortality. Average operative time was 128 min (range 80-220). Average length of stay was 3 days (range 2-7). Mean blood loss was 80 ml (range 30-500) with a transfusion rate of 1.7% (one patient). Laparoscopic spleen surgery is safe, reliable and effective in the pediatric population with hematologic disorders and is associated with minimal morbidity, zero mortality, and a short length of stay. Ligasure vessel sealing system shortened operative time and blood loss. On the basis of the results, we consider laparoscopic approach the gold standard for the treatment of these patients even in a department of general surgery.

  7. Robot-assisted Versus Laparoscopic Surgery for Rectal Cancer: A Phase II Open Label Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial.

    PubMed

    Kim, Min Jung; Park, Sung Chan; Park, Ji Won; Chang, Hee Jin; Kim, Dae Yong; Nam, Byung-Ho; Sohn, Dae Kyung; Oh, Jae Hwan

    2017-05-25

    The phase II randomized controlled trial aimed to compare the outcomes of robot-assisted surgery with those of laparoscopic surgery in the patients with rectal cancer. The feasibility of robot-assisted surgery over laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer has not been established yet. Between February 21, 2012 and March 11, 2015, patients with rectal cancer (cT1-3NxM0) were enrolled. Patients were randomized 1:1 to either robot-assisted or laparoscopic surgery, and stratified per sex and administration of preoperative chemoradiotherapy. The primary outcome was the quality of total mesorectal excision (TME) specimen. Secondary outcomes were the circumferential and distal resection margins, the number of harvested lymph nodes, morbidity, bowel function recovery, and quality of life. A total of 163 patients were randomly assigned to the robot-assisted (n = 81) and laparoscopic (n = 82) surgery groups, and 139 patients were eligible for the analyses (73 vs 66, respectively). One patient (1.2%) in the robot-assisted group was converted to open surgery. The TME quality did not differ between the robot-assisted and laparoscopic groups (80.3% vs 78.1% complete TME, respectively; 18.2% vs 21.9% nearly complete TME, respectively; P = 0.599). The resection margins, number of harvested lymph nodes, morbidity, and bowel function recovery also were not significantly different. On analyzing quality of life, scores of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life (EORTC QLQ C30) and EORTC QLQ CR38 were similar in the 2 groups, but in the EORTC QLQ CR 38 questionnaire, sexual function 12 months postoperatively was better in the robot-assisted group than in the laparoscopic group (P = 0.03). Robot-assisted surgery in rectal cancer showed TME quality comparable with that of laparoscopic surgery, and it demonstrated similar postoperative morbidity, bowel function recovery, and quality of life.

  8. Costs of bariatric surgery in a randomised control trial (RCT) comparing Roux en Y gastric bypass vs sleeve gastrectomy in morbidly obese diabetic patients.

    PubMed

    Gounder, Siva T; Wijayanayaka, Delendra Rasith; Murphy, Rinki; Armstrong, Delwyn; Cutfield, Richard G; Kim, David Dw; Clarke, Michael Graham; Evennett, Nicholas J; Humphreys, Martyn Lee; Robinson, Steven John; Booth, Michael Wc

    2016-10-14

    To provide a longitudinal analysis of the direct healthcare costs of providing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) surgery service in the context of a randomised control trial (RCT) of obese patients with type 2 diabetes in Waitemata District Health Board, Auckland, New Zealand. The Waitemata District Health Board costing system was used to calculate costs in New Zealand Dollars (NZD) associated with all pre- and post-operative hospital clinic visits, peri-operative care, hospitalisations and medication costs up to one year after bariatric surgery. Healthcare costs of medications, laboratory investigations and hospital clinic visits for one year prior to enrolment into the RCT were also calculated. One hundred and fourteen patients were randomised to undergo laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG, n=58) or laparoscopic Roux en Y gastric bypass (LRYGB, n=56). Total costs one year pre-enrolment was $203,926 for all patients (mean $1,789 per patient). Total cost of surgery was $1,208,005 (mean $9,131 per LSG patient and mean $12,456 per LRYGB patient). Total cost one year post-operatively was $542,656 (mean $4,760 per patient). The total medication cost reduced from $118,993.72(mean $1,044 per patient) to $31,304.93 (mean $274.60 per patient), p<0.005. The largest cost reduction was seen with annual diabetic medications reducing from $110,115.78(mean $965.93 per patient) to $7,237.85 (mean $63.48 per patient), p<0.005. Among patients with type 2 diabetes and morbid obesity undergoing LSG and LRYGB, health service costs were greater in the year after surgery than in the year before, although prescription costs were lower post-operatively. There was no significant difference in reduction in prescription cost by surgical procedure at 12 months. However, the LRYGB surgery was more expensive than LSG, primarily because of the longer operative time required.

  9. Pericecal hernia manifesting as a small bowel obstruction successfully treated with laparoscopic surgery

    PubMed Central

    Ogami, Takuya; Honjo, Hirotaka; Kusanagi, Hiroshi

    2016-01-01

    A pericecal hernia is a type of internal hernia, which rarely causes small bowel obstruction (SBO). At our institution, a 92-year-old man presented with vomiting and abdominal pain. He was conservatively treated with a diagnosis of SBO. After 2 weeks of copious drainage output, he was taken to the operating room. Laparoscopy revealed a pericecal hernia that was successfully reduced. We conclude that laparoscopic surgery is an effective way to treat SBOs secondary to pericecal hernias. PMID:26933000

  10. I-gel as an alternative to endotracheal tube in adult laparoscopic surgeries: A comparative study

    PubMed Central

    Badheka, Jigisha Prahladrai; Jadliwala, Rashida Mohammedi; Chhaya, Vrajeshchandra Amrishbhi; Parmar, Vandana Surendrabhai; Vasani, Amit; Rajyaguru, Ajay Maganlal

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The tracheal tube is always considered to be the gold standard for laparoscopic surgeries. As conventional laryngoscopy guided endotracheal intubation evokes significant hypertension and tachycardia, we have used I-gel, second generation extraglottic airway device, in an attempt to overcome these drawbacks. We conducted this study to compare haemodynamic changes during insertion, efficacy of ventilation, and complications with the use of I-gel when compared with endotracheal tube (ETT) in laparoscopic surgeries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 American Society of Anaesthesiologists physical status I and II adult patients undergoing elective laparoscopic surgeries were randomly allocated to one of the two groups of 30 patients each: Group-A (I-gel) in which patients airway was secured with appropriate sized I-gel, and Group-B (ETT) in which patients airway was secured with laryngoscopy - guided endotracheal intubation. Ease, attempts and time for insertion of airway device, haemodynamic and ventilatory parameters at different time intervals, and attempts for gastric tube insertion, and perioperative complications were recorded. RESULTS: There was significant rise in pulse rate and mean blood pressure during insertion with use of ETT when compared to I-gel. Furthermore, time required for I-gel insertion was significantly less when compared with ETT. However ease and attempts for airway device insertion, attempts for gastric tube insertion and efficacy of ventilation were comparable between two groups. CONCLUSION: We concluded that I-gel requires less time for insertion with minimal haemodynamic changes when compared to ETT. I-gel also provides adequate positive-pressure ventilation, comparable with ETT. Hence I-gel can be a safe and suitable alternative to ETT for laparoscopic surgeries. PMID:26622115

  11. State of the evidence on simulation-based training for laparoscopic surgery: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Zendejas, Benjamin; Brydges, Ryan; Hamstra, Stanley J; Cook, David A

    2013-04-01

    Summarize the outcomes and best practices of simulation training for laparoscopic surgery. Simulation-based training for laparoscopic surgery has become a mainstay of surgical training. Much new evidence has accrued since previous reviews were published. We systematically searched the literature through May 2011 for studies evaluating simulation, in comparison with no intervention or an alternate training activity, for training health professionals in laparoscopic surgery. Outcomes were classified as satisfaction, skills (in a test setting) of time (to perform the task), process (eg, performance rating), product (eg, knot strength), and behaviors when caring for patients. We used random effects to pool effect sizes. From 10,903 articles screened, we identified 219 eligible studies enrolling 7138 trainees, including 91 (42%) randomized trials. For comparisons with no intervention (n = 151 studies), pooled effect size (ES) favored simulation for outcomes of knowledge (1.18; N = 9 studies), skills time (1.13; N = 89), skills process (1.23; N = 114), skills product (1.09; N = 7), behavior time (1.15; N = 7), behavior process (1.22; N = 15), and patient effects (1.28; N = 1), all P < 0.05. When compared with nonsimulation instruction (n = 3 studies), results significantly favored simulation for outcomes of skills time (ES, 0.75) and skills process (ES, 0.54). Comparisons between different simulation interventions (n = 79 studies) clarified best practices. For example, in comparison with virtual reality, box trainers have similar effects for process skills outcomes and seem to be superior for outcomes of satisfaction and skills time. Simulation-based laparoscopic surgery training of health professionals has large benefits when compared with no intervention and is moderately more effective than nonsimulation instruction.

  12. Criteria for Laparoscopic Advanced Surgery in Semi-Equipped Setup (CLASS): Feasibility Study Based on Institutional Experience.

    PubMed

    Uday, S K; Bhargav, P R K; Venkata Pavan Kumar, C H

    2014-02-01

    Laparoscopic and Minimally invasive techniques have become a routine practice for various surgical disorders in present times. Though, advanced laparoscopic procedures are feasible they are largely restricted to fewer centers due to lack of advanced instrumentation, finances and expertise at most of them. In this context, we conducted a feasibility study to evolve definite criteria for performing advanced laparoscopic surgeries in resource restricted set-ups. We present our experience with 25 cases of advanced laparoscopic procedures using conventional laparoscopic instruments. We evaluated the clinico-investigative profile and operative details of all the patients. We classified the surgical expertise, laparoscopic instrumentation, surgical set ups and patient factors systematically to evolve the criteria for feasibility of advanced laparoscopicsurgery. Out of the 22 eligible patients for the study, various laparoscopic surgeries performed were - Fundoplication (4), Cystogastrostomy (3), Endoscopic thyroidectomy (7), Thoracoscopic Thyroidectomy (2), Adrenalectomy (5) and Retroperitoneal paraganglioma excision (1). There was no mortality and two morbidities in the form of hypercarbia and a tracheo-cutaneous fistula in 2 cases of endoscopic thyroidectomy. According to the criteria, we propose our surgical set up falls in to Grade 3, for which this criteria fits in. This study demonstrates the feasibility of advanced laparoscopic procedures in semi-equipped set-up, preferably by employing institute specific criteria of CLASS.

  13. Pico Lantern: a pick-up projector for augmented reality in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Edgcumbe, Philip; Pratt, Philip; Yang, Guang-Zhong; Nguan, Chris; Rohling, Rob

    2014-01-01

    The Pico Lantern is proposed as a new tool for guidance in laparoscopic surgery. Its miniaturized design allows it to be picked up by a laparoscopic tool during surgery and tracked directly by the endoscope. By using laser projection, different patterns and annotations can be projected onto the tissue surface. The first explored application is surface reconstruction. The absolute error for surface reconstruction using stereo endoscopy and untracked Pico Lantern for a plane, cylinder and ex vivo kidney is 2.0 mm, 3.0 mm and 5.6 mm respectively. The absolute error using a mono endoscope and a tracked Pico Lantern for the same plane, cylinder and kidney is 0.8mm, 0.3mm and 1.5mm respectively. The results show the benefit of the wider baseline produced by tracking the Pico Lantern. Pulsatile motion of a human carotid artery is also detected in vivo. Future work will be done on the integration into standard and robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery.

  14. LAPAROSCOPIC ANTIREFLUX SURGERY IN PATIENTS WITH EXTRA ESOPHAGEAL SYMPTOMS RELATED TO ASTHMA

    PubMed Central

    da SILVA, Amanda Pinter Carvalheiro; TERCIOTI-JUNIOR, Valdir; LOPES, Luiz Roberto; COELHO-NETO, João de Souza; BERTANHA, Laura; RODRIGUES, Paulo Rodrigo de Faria; ANDREOLLO, Nelson Adami

    2014-01-01

    Background Asthma, laryngitis and chronic cough are atypical symptoms of the gastroesophageal reflux disease. Aim To analyze the efficacy of laparoscopic surgery in the remission of extra-esophageal symptoms in patients with gastroesophageal reflux, related to asthma. Methods Were reviewed the medical records of 400 patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease submitted to laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication from 1994 to 2006, and identified 30 patients with extra-esophageal symptoms related to asthma. The variables considered were: gender, age, gastroesophageal symptoms (heartburn, acid reflux and dysphagia), time of reflux disease, treatment with proton pump inhibitor, use of specific medications, treatment and evolution, number of attacks and degree of esophagitis. Data were subjected to statistical analysis, comparing the pre- and post-surgical findings. Results The comparative analysis before surgery (T1) and six months after surgery (T2) showed a significant reduction on heartburn and reflux symptoms. Apart from that, there was a significant difference between the patients with daily crises of asthma (T1 versus T2, 45.83% to 16.67%, p=0.0002) and continuous crises (T1, 41.67% versus T2, 8.33%, p=0.0002). Conclusion Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication was effective in improving symptoms that are typical of reflux disease and clinical manifestations of asthma. PMID:25004284

  15. Incidence and risk factors for rectal pain after laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Jin Young; Kim, Hee Cheol; Huh, Jung Wook; Lim, Hyun Young; Lee, Eun Kyung; Park, Hui Gyeong; Bang, Yu Jeong

    2017-01-01

    Objective This study was performed to investigate the incidence of and potential risk factors for rectal pain after laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery. Methods We retrospectively analyzed data from 300 patients who underwent laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery. We assessed the presence of rectal pain and categorized patients into Group N (no rectal pain) or Group P (rectal pain). Results In total, 288 patients were included. Of these patients, 39 (13.5%) reported rectal pain and 14 (4.9%) had rectal pain that persisted for >3 months. Univariate analysis revealed that patients in Group P had more preoperative chemoradiotherapy, more ileostomies, longer operation times, more anastomotic margins of <2 cm from the anal verge, more anastomotic leakage, and longer hospital stays. Multivariate analysis identified an anastomotic margin of <2 cm from the anal verge and a long operation time as risk factors. The presence of diabetes mellitus was a negative predictor of rectal pain. Conclusions In this study, the incidence of rectal pain after laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery was 13.5%. An anastomotic margin of <2 cm from the anal verge and a long operation time were risk factors for rectal pain. The presence of diabetes mellitus was a negative predictor of rectal pain. Thus, the possibility of postoperative rectal pain should be discussed preoperatively with patients with these risk factors. PMID:28415928

  16. Human error identification for laparoscopic surgery: Development of a motion economy perspective.

    PubMed

    Al-Hakim, Latif; Sevdalis, Nick; Maiping, Tanaphon; Watanachote, Damrongpan; Sengupta, Shomik; Dissaranan, Charuspong

    2015-09-01

    This study postulates that traditional human error identification techniques fail to consider motion economy principles and, accordingly, their applicability in operating theatres may be limited. This study addresses this gap in the literature with a dual aim. First, it identifies the principles of motion economy that suit the operative environment and second, it develops a new error mode taxonomy for human error identification techniques which recognises motion economy deficiencies affecting the performance of surgeons and predisposing them to errors. A total of 30 principles of motion economy were developed and categorised into five areas. A hierarchical task analysis was used to break down main tasks of a urological laparoscopic surgery (hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy) to their elements and the new taxonomy was used to identify errors and their root causes resulting from violation of motion economy principles. The approach was prospectively tested in 12 observed laparoscopic surgeries performed by 5 experienced surgeons. A total of 86 errors were identified and linked to the motion economy deficiencies. Results indicate the developed methodology is promising. Our methodology allows error prevention in surgery and the developed set of motion economy principles could be useful for training surgeons on motion economy principles. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and The Ergonomics Society. All rights reserved.

  17. Use of natural user interfaces for image navigation during laparoscopic surgery: initial experience.

    PubMed

    Sánchez-Margallo, Francisco M; Sánchez-Margallo, Juan A; Moyano-Cuevas, José L; Pérez, Eva María; Maestre, Juan

    2017-03-28

    Surgical environments require special aseptic conditions for direct interaction with the preoperative images. We aim to test the feasibility of using a set of gesture control sensors combined with voice control to interact in a sterile manner with preoperative information and an integrated operating room (OR) during laparoscopic surgery. Two hepatectomies and two partial nephrectomies were performed by three experienced surgeons in a porcine model. The Kinect, Leap Motion, and MYO armband in combination with voice control were used as natural user interfaces (NUIs). After surgery, surgeons completed a questionnaire about their experience. Surgeons required <10 min training with each NUI. They stated that NUIs improved the access to preoperative patient information and kept them more focused on the surgical site. The Kinect system was reported as the most physically demanding NUI and the MYO armband in combination with voice commands as the most intuitive and accurate. The need to release one of the laparoscopic instruments in order to use the NUIs was identified as the main limitation. The presented NUIs are feasible to directly interact in a more intuitive and sterile manner with the preoperative images and the integrated OR functionalities during laparoscopic surgery.

  18. Does Preincisional Infiltration with Bupivacaine Reduce Postoperative Pain in Laparoscopic Bariatric Surgery?

    PubMed

    Moncada, Rafael; Martinaitis, Linas; Landecho, Manuel; Rotellar, Fernando; Sanchez-Justicia, Carlos; Bellver, Manuel; de la Higuera, Magdalena; Silva, Camilo; Osés, Beatriz; Martín, Elena; Pérez, Susana; Hernandez-Lizoain, Jose Luis; Frühbeck, Gema; Valentí, Victor

    2016-02-01

    Current evidence suggests that local anesthetic wound infiltration should be employed as part of multimodal postoperative pain management. There is scarce data concerning the benefits of this anesthetic modality in laparoscopic weight loss surgery. Therefore, we analyzed the influence of trocar site infiltration with bupivacaine on the management of postoperative pain in laparoscopic bariatric surgery. This retrospective randomized study included 47 patients undergoing primary obesity surgery between January and September 2014. Laparoscopic gastric bypass was performed in 39 cases and sleeve gastrectomy in 8 cases. Patients were stratified into two groups depending on whether preincisional infiltration with bupivacaine and epinephrine was performed (study group, 27 patients) or not (control group, 20 patients). Visual analogue scale (VAS), International Pain Outcomes questionnaire, and rescue medication records were reviewed to assess postoperative pain. VAS scores in the study group and sleeve gastrectomy group were lower than those in the control and gastric bypass groups in the first 4 h postoperatively without reaching statistical significance (p > 0.05). VAS scores did not differ in any other period of time. No statistically significant differences in pain perception were registered according to the patient's pain outcomes questionnaire or the need for rescue medication. The present study did not conclusively prove the efficacy of bupivacaine infiltration by any of the three evaluation methods analyzed. Nevertheless, preincisional infiltration provides good level of comfort in the immediate postoperative period when analgesia is most urgent.

  19. Initial experience with the EndoAssist camera-holding robot in laparoscopic urological surgery.

    PubMed

    Kommu, Sashi S; Rimington, Peter; Anderson, Christopher; Rané, Abhay

    2007-01-01

    Although the advantages of laparoscopic surgery are well documented, one disadvantage is that, for optimum performance, an experienced camera driver is required who can provide the necessary views for the operating surgeon. In this paper we describe our experience with urological laparoscopic techniques using the novel EndoAssist robotic camera holder and review the current status of alternative devices. A total of 51 urological procedures (25 using the EndoAssist device and 26 using a conventional human camera driver) conducted by three experienced surgeons were studied prospectively, including nephrectomy (simple and radical), pyeloplasty, radical prostatectomy, and radical cystoprostatectomy. The surgeon noted the extent of body comfort and muscle fatigue in each case. Other aspects documented were ease of scope movement, i.e. usability, need to clean the telescope, time of set-up, surgical performance, and whether it was necessary to change the position of the arm during the surgery. All three surgeons involved in the evaluation felt comfortable throughout all procedures, with no loss of autonomy. It was, however, obvious that the large arc generated whilst doing a nephrectomy led to more episodes of lens cleaning, and the arm had to be relocated on some occasions. Clearer benefits were seen while performing pelvic surgery or pyeloplasty, perhaps because the arc of movement was smaller. The EndoAssist is an effective, easy to use device for robotic camera driving which reduces the constraint of having to have an experienced camera driver for optimum visualisation during laparoscopic urological procedures.

  20. Efficacy of decontamination and sterilization of a single-use single-incision laparoscopic surgery port.

    PubMed

    Coisman, James G; Case, J Brad; Clark, Nadia D; Wellehan, James F X; Ellison, Gary W

    2013-06-01

    To determine the efficacy of decontamination and sterilization of a disposable port intended for use during single-incision laparoscopy. 5 material samples obtained from each of 3 laparoscopic surgery ports. Ports were assigned to undergo decontamination and ethylene oxide sterilization without bacterial inoculation (negative control port), with bacterial inoculation (Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Mycobacterium fortuitum) and without decontamination and sterilization (positive control port), or with bacterial inoculation followed by decontamination and ethylene oxide sterilization (treated port). Each port underwent testing 5 times; during each time, a sample of the foam portion of each port was obtained and bacteriologic culture testing was performed. Bacteriologic culture scores were determined for each port sample. None of the treated port samples had positive bacteriologic culture results. All 5 positive control port samples had positive bacteriologic culture results. One negative control port sample had positive bacteriologic culture results; a spore-forming Bacillus sp organism was cultured from that port sample, which was thought to be an environmental contaminant. Bacteriologic culture scores for the treated port samples were significantly lower than those for the positive control port samples. Bacteriologic culture scores for the treated port samples were not significantly different from those for negative control port samples. Results of this study indicated standard procedures for decontamination and sterilization of a single-use port intended for use during singleincision laparoscopic surgery were effective for elimination of inoculated bacteria. Reuse of this port may be safe for laparoscopic surgery of animals.

  1. Virtual reality does not meet expectations in a pilot study on multimodal laparoscopic surgery training.

    PubMed

    Nickel, Felix; Bintintan, Vasile V; Gehrig, Tobias; Kenngott, Hannes G; Fischer, Lars; Gutt, Carsten N; Müller-Stich, Beat P

    2013-05-01

    The purpose of the present study was to determine the value of virtual reality (VR) training for a multimodality training program of basic laparoscopic surgery. Participants in a two-day multimodality training for laparoscopic surgery used box trainers, live animal training, and cadaveric training on the pulsating organ perfusion (POP) trainer in a structured and standardized training program. The participants were divided into two groups. The VR group (n = 13) also practiced with VR training during the program, whereas the control group (n = 14) did not use VR training. The training modalities were assessed using questionnaires with a five-point Likert scale after the program. Concerning VR training, members of the control group assessed their expectations, whereas the VR group assessed the actual experience of using it. Skills performance was evaluated with five standardized test tasks in a live porcine model before (pre-test) and after (post-test) the training program. Laparoscopic skills were measured by task completion time and a general performance score for each task. Baseline tests were compared with laparoscopic experience of all participants for construct validity of the skills test. The expected benefit from VR training of the control group was higher than the experienced benefit of the VR group. Box and POP training received better ratings from the VR group than from the control group for some purposes. Both groups improved their skill parameters significantly from pre-training to post-training tests [score +17 % (P < 0.01), time -29 % (P < 0.01)]. No significant difference was found between the two groups for laparoscopic skills improvement except for the score in the instrument coordination task. Construct validity of the skills test was significant for both time and score. At its current level of performance, VR training does not meet expectations. No additional benefit was observed from VR training in our multimodality training program.

  2. Detecting hepatitis B virus in surgical smoke emitted during laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Kwak, Han Deok; Kim, Seon-Hahn; Seo, Yeon Seok; Song, Ki-Joon

    2016-12-01

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission is known to occur through direct contact with infected blood. There has been some suspicion that the virus can also be detected in aerosol form. However, this has never been directly shown. The purpose of this study was to sample and analyse surgical smoke from laparoscopic surgeries on patients with hepatitis B to determine whether HBV is present. A total of 11 patients who underwent laparoscopic or robotic abdominal surgeries between October 2014 and February 2015 at Korea University Anam Hospital were included in this study. A high efficiency collector was used to obtain surgical smoke in the form of hydrosol. The smoke was analysed by using nested PCR. Robotic or laparoscopic colorectal resections were performed in 5 cases, laparoscopic gastrectomies in 3 cases and laparoscopic hepatic wedge resections in another 3 cases. Preoperatively, all of the patients had positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). 2 patients had detectable HBsAb, and 2 were positive for hepatitis B e antigen. 3 patients were taking antihepatitis B viral medications at the time of the study. The viral load measured in the patients' blood was undetectable to 1.7×10(8) IU/mL. HBV was detected in surgical smoke in 10 of the 11 cases. HBV is detectable in surgical smoke. This study provides preliminary data in the investigation of airborne HBV infection. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  3. Learning Experiences in Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery.

    PubMed

    Nezhat, Ceana; Lakhi, Nisha

    2016-08-01

    With the use and adoption of computer-assisted laparoscopic technology gaining more prominence, important issues pertaining to the learning process are raised. Several modalities can be incorporated into a training program for robotic surgical development. The role and utility of various methods, including didactic instruction, virtual reality simulators, dry and wet laboratories, bedside assistance, mentoring, as well as proctorship, are still in the process of being assessed and validated. Integration of robotic training in residency and fellowship programs as well as the formation of a structured didactic robotic curriculum continues to be a challenge. Finally, methods to assess competency of training and the process for credentialing robotic surgeons still require further structuring and codification. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Bilateral otorrhagia: a rare complication of laparoscopic abdominopelvic surgery

    PubMed Central

    Addison, Alfred Bentsi; Inarra, Esther; Watts, Simon

    2014-01-01

    An 80-year-old woman without any previous otological symptoms underwent laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection for T3N0M0 low rectal carcinoma 4–5 cm from the anal verge. The total operative time was 6 h, of which she spent long hours in the Trendelenburg (35°) position due to difficult pelvic dissection. Midway through the procedure, she developed spontaneous non-traumatic bilateral otorrhagia. This case highlights the potential risk of increased intracranial pressure during prolonged periods of being in a steep Trendelenburg position caused either by the position itself or in combination with carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum. We also consider the effect of a sudden change from this position to supine as a potential risk. PMID:25527683

  5. Automated branching pattern report generation for laparoscopic surgery assistance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oda, Masahiro; Matsuzaki, Tetsuro; Hayashi, Yuichiro; Kitasaka, Takayuki; Misawa, Kazunari; Mori, Kensaku

    2015-05-01

    This paper presents a method for generating branching pattern reports of abdominal blood vessels for laparoscopic gastrectomy. In gastrectomy, it is very important to understand branching structure of abdominal arteries and veins, which feed and drain specific abdominal organs including the stomach, the liver and the pancreas. In the real clinical stage, a surgeon creates a diagnostic report of the patient anatomy. This report summarizes the branching patterns of the blood vessels related to the stomach. The surgeon decides actual operative procedure. This paper shows an automated method to generate a branching pattern report for abdominal blood vessels based on automated anatomical labeling. The report contains 3D rendering showing important blood vessels and descriptions of branching patterns of each vessel. We have applied this method for fifty cases of 3D abdominal CT scans and confirmed the proposed method can automatically generate branching pattern reports of abdominal arteries.

  6. Analgesia with interfascial continuous wound infiltration after laparoscopic colon surgery: A randomized clinical trial.

    PubMed

    Telletxea, S; Gonzalez, J; Portugal, V; Alvarez, R; Aguirre, U; Anton, A; Arizaga, A

    2016-04-01

    For major laparoscopic surgery, as with open surgery, a multimodal analgesia plan can help to control postoperative pain. Placing a wound catheter intraoperatively following colon surgery could optimize the control of acute pain with less consumption of opioids and few adverse effects. We conducted a prospective, randomized, study of patients scheduled to undergo laparoscopic colon surgery for cancer in Galdakao-Usansolo Hospital from January 2012 to January 2013. Patients were recruited and randomly allocated to wound catheter placement plus standard postoperative analgesia or standard postoperative analgesia alone. A physician from the acute pain management unit monitored all patients for pain at multiple points over the first 48 hours after surgery. The primary outcome variables were verbal numeric pain scale scores and amount of intravenous morphine used via patient controlled infusion. 92 patients were included in the study, 43 had a wound catheter implanted and 49 did not. Statistically significant differences in morphine consumption were observed between groups throughout the course of the treatment period. The mean total morphine consumption at the end of the study was 5.63±5.02mg among wound catheter patients and 21. 86±17.88mg among control patients (P=.0001). Wound catheter patients had lower pain scale scores than control patients throughout the observation period. No adverse effects associated with the wound catheter technique were observed. The wound catheter group showed lower hospital stays with statistically significant difference (P=.02). In patients undergoing laparoscopic colon surgery, continuous infusion of local anaesthetics through interfascial wound catheters during the first 48h aftersurgery reduced the level of perceived pain and also reduced parenteral morphine consumption with no associated adverse effects and lower hospital stays. Copyright © 2015 Sociedad Española de Anestesiología, Reanimación y Terapéutica del Dolor

  7. Pico Lantern: Surface reconstruction and augmented reality in laparoscopic surgery using a pick-up laser projector.

    PubMed

    Edgcumbe, Philip; Pratt, Philip; Yang, Guang-Zhong; Nguan, Christopher; Rohling, Robert

    2015-10-01

    The Pico Lantern is a miniature projector developed for structured light surface reconstruction, augmented reality and guidance in laparoscopic surgery. During surgery it will be dropped into the patient and picked up by a laparoscopic tool. While inside the patient it projects a known coded pattern and images onto the surface of the tissue. The Pico Lantern is visually tracked in the laparoscope's field of view for the purpose of stereo triangulation between it and the laparoscope. In this paper, the first application is surface reconstruction. Using a stereo laparoscope and an untracked Pico Lantern, the absolute error for surface reconstruction for a plane, cylinder and ex vivo kidney, is 2.0 mm, 3.0 mm and 5.6 mm, respectively. Using a mono laparoscope and a tracked Pico Lantern for the same plane, cylinder and kidney the absolute error is 1.4 mm, 1.5 mm and 1.5 mm, respectively. These results confirm the benefit of the wider baseline produced by tracking the Pico Lantern. Virtual viewpoint images are generated from the kidney surface data and an in vivo proof-of-concept porcine trial is reported. Surface reconstruction of the neck of a volunteer shows that the pulsatile motion of the tissue overlying a major blood vessel can be detected and displayed in vivo. Future work will integrate the Pico Lantern into standard and robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery.

  8. Laparoscopic Reoperative Antireflux Surgery Is More Cost-Effective than Open Approach.

    PubMed

    Banki, Farzaneh; Weaver, Matthew; Roife, David; Kaushik, Chandni; Khanna, Anshu; Ochoa, Kelly; Miller, Charles C

    2017-08-01

    We previously reported on the outcomes of laparoscopic and open reoperative antireflux surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the costs of these procedures. We performed a retrospective review. Financial and procedure coding data were obtained using a cost accounting system. There were 49 procedures in 46 patients (36 female and 10 male). There were 38 laparoscopic (including 4 conversions) and 11 open procedures (7 transabdominal repairs and 4 gastric-preserving Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy). Values are median and interquartile range (IQR) and mean costs. Median age was 54 years (IQR 49 to 67 years) for the laparoscopic group vs 56 years (IQR 50 to 65 years) for the open group (p = 0.675). Mean direct costs per case for the laparoscopic group vs open group were $12,655 vs $24,636 (p < 0.002); operating room costs: $3,788 vs $5,547 (p = 0.011); hospital room costs: $1,948 vs $6,438 (p < 0.005); and supply costs: $4,386 vs $5,386 (p = 0.077). Median duration of the operation for the laparoscopic group was 185 minutes (IQR 147 to 254 minutes) vs 308 minutes (IQR 259 to 416 minutes) for the open group (p < 0.002). Median length of stay for the laparoscopic group was 3 days (IQR 2 to 4 days) vs 9 days (IQR 8 to 14 days) for the open group (p < 0.001). There was no 30-day or in-hospital mortality. Excluding the 4 Roux-en-Y procedures, direct costs for the laparoscopic group (n = 38) were $12,655 vs $23,678 for the transabdominal group (n = 7) (p = 0.035); duration of operation: 185 minutes (IQR 147 to 254 minutes) vs 292 minutes (IQR 218 to 309 minutes) (p = 0.003); and length of stay: 3 days (IQR 2 to 4 days) vs 9 days (IQR 7 to 15 days) (p = 0.017). There were 3 recurrences in the laparoscopic group. Two were repaired laparoscopically and 1 required a gastric-preserving Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy because the patient had undergone 2 earlier failed repairs. Including the cumulative costs of 3 recurrent hiatal hernia repairs, the driving force to

  9. Effect of preemptive ketamine administration on postoperative visceral pain after gynecological laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Lin, Hong-Qi; Jia, Dong-Lin

    2016-08-01

    The pain following gynecological laparoscopic surgery is less intense than that following open surgery; however, patients often experience visceral pain after the former surgery. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of preemptive ketamine on visceral pain in patients undergoing gynecological laparoscopic surgery. Ninety patients undergoing gynecological laparoscopic surgery were randomly assigned to one of three groups. Group 1 received placebo. Group 2 was intravenously injected with preincisional saline and local infiltration with 20 mL ropivacaine (4 mg/mL) at the end of surgery. Group 3 was intravenously injected with preincisional ketamine (0.3 mg/kg) and local infiltration with 20 mL ropivacaine (4 mg/mL) at the end of surgery. A standard anesthetic was used for all patients, and meperidine was used for postoperative analgesia. The visual analogue scale (VAS) scores for incisional and visceral pain at 2, 6, 12, and 24 h, cumulative analgesic consumption and time until first analgesic medication request, and adverse effects were recorded postoperatively. The VAS scores of visceral pain in group 3 were significantly lower than those in group 2 and group 1 at 2 h and 6 h postoperatively (P<0.05 and P<0.01, respectively). At 2 h and 6 h, the VAS scores of incisional pain did not differ significantly between groups 2 and 3, but they were significantly lower than those in group 1 (P<0.01). Groups 1 and 2 did not show any differences in visceral pain scores at 2 h and 6 h postoperatively. Moreover, the three groups showed no statistically significant differences in visceral and incisional pain scores at 12 h and 24 h postoperatively. The consumption of analgesics was significantly greater in group 1 than in groups 2 and 3, and the time to first request for analgesics was significantly longer in groups 2 and 3 than in group 1, with no statistically significant difference between groups 2 and 3. However, the three groups showed no significant difference

  10. Treatment of Early Stage Endometrial Cancer by Transumbilical Laparoendoscopic Single-Site Surgery Versus Traditional Laparoscopic Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Cai, Hui-hua; Liu, Mu-biao; He, Yuan-li

    2016-01-01

    Abstract To compare the outcomes of transumbilical laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (TU-LESS) versus traditional laparoscopic surgery (TLS) for early stage endometrial cancer (EC). We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with early stage EC who were surgically treated by TU-LESS or TLS between 2011 and 2014 in a tertiary care teaching hospital. We identified 18 EC patients who underwent TU-LESS. Propensity score matching was used to match this group with 18 EC patients who underwent TLS. All patients underwent laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and systematic pelvic lymphadenectomy by TU-LESS or TLS without conversion to laparoscopy or laparotomy. Number of pelvic lymph nodes retrieved, operative time and estimated blood loss were comparable between 2 groups. Satisfaction values of the cosmetic outcome evaluated by the patient at day 30 after surgery were significantly higher in TU-LESS group than that in TLS group (9.6 ± 0.8 vs 7.5 ± 0.7, P < 0.001), while there was no statistical difference in postoperative complications within 30 days after surgery, postoperative hospital stay, and hospital cost. For the surgical management of early stage EC, TU-LESS may be a feasible alternative approach to TLS, with comparable short-term surgical outcomes and superior cosmetic outcome. Future large-scale prospective studies are needed to identify these benefits. PMID:27057851

  11. Reconstruction, Enhancement, Visualization, and Ergonomic Assessment for Laparoscopic Surgery

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-02-01

    Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Kentucky, Lex- ington, Kentucky. Her major research interests fall within the fields of...engineering psychology and human factors engineering. Adrian Park received the B.S. degree with hon- ors at the University of Guelph , Guelph , Ontario, Canada...General Surgery, Uni- versity of Maryland Medical Center, the Campbell and Jeanette Plugge Professor of Surgery, University of Maryland School of

  12. Could laparoscopic colon and rectal surgery become the standard of care? A review and experience with 750 procedures

    PubMed Central

    Schlachta, Christopher M.; Mamazza, Joseph; Gregoire, Roger; Burpee, Stephen E.; Poulin, Eric C.

    2003-01-01

    Introduction The benefits of the laparoscopic approach to colon and rectal surgery do not seem as great as for other laparoscopic procedures. To study this further we decided to review the current literature and the 10-year experience of a surgical group from university teaching hospitals in Montréal, Québec and Toronto in performing laparoscopic colon and rectal surgery. Methods The prospectively designed case series comprised all patients having laparoscopic colon and rectal surgery. The procedures were carried out by a group of 4 surgeons between April 1991 and November 2001. We noted intraoperative complications, any conversions to open surgery, operating time, postoperative complications and postoperative length of hospital stay. Results The group attempted 750 laparoscopic colon and rectal procedures of which 669 were completed laparoscopically. Malignant disease was the indication for surgery in 49.6% of cases. Right hemicolectomy and sigmoid colectomy accounted for 54.5% of procedures performed. Intraoperative complications occurred in 8.3%, with 29.0% of these resulting in conversion to open surgery. The overall rate of conversion to open surgery was 10.8%, most commonly for oncologic concerns. Median operating time was 175 minutes for all procedures. Postoperative complications occurred in 27.5% of procedures completed laparoscopically but were mostly minor wound complications. Pulmonary complications occurred in only 1.0%. The anastomotic leak rate was 2.5%. The early reoperation rate was 2.4%. Postoperative mortality was 2.2%. No port site metastases have yet been detected. The median postoperative length of stay was 5 days. Conclusions The clinical outcomes of laparoscopic colon and rectal surgery in this 10-year experience are consistent with numerous cohort studies and randomized clinical trials. Laparoscopic colon and rectal surgery in the hands of well-trained surgeons can be performed safely with short hospital stay, low analgesic requirements

  13. Laparoscopic conservative surgery of colovesical fistula: is it the right way?

    PubMed Central

    Emanuele, Cottini; Roberto, Cirocchi; Alberto, Pansadoro; Emanuele, Lepri; Alessia, Corsi; Francesco, Barillaro; Ettore, Mearini

    2013-01-01

    Enterovesical fistula is a rare disease. The standard treatment of colovesical fistula is removal of the fistula, suture of the bladder wall, and colic resection with or without temporary colostomy. The usual approach is open because the laparoscopic one has high conversion rates and morbidity. We report the first laparoscopic conservative treatment of colovesical fistula in our knowledge and its long-term results. A 69-year-old man was affected by colovesical fistula due to endoscopic exeresis of a 2 cm adenomatous polyp in the sigmoid diverticulum. We performed a laparoscopic conservative treatment of the fistula without colic resection. Operative time was 210 min and estimated blood loss was 300 ml. The catheter was removed after 10 days. Time to first flatus was 2 days and the hospital stay was 8 days. No peri- or post-operative complications occurred. At 48-month follow-up fistula did not recur. Laparoscopic conservative surgery for colovesical fistula is safe and feasible. It could be a therapeutic option in selected cases, especially if diverticular disease and inflammation are slight. PMID:23837101

  14. Stereoscopic augmented reality using ultrasound volume rendering for laparoscopic surgery in children

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oh, Jihun; Kang, Xin; Wilson, Emmanuel; Peters, Craig A.; Kane, Timothy D.; Shekhar, Raj

    2014-03-01

    In laparoscopic surgery, live video provides visualization of the exposed organ surfaces in the surgical field, but is unable to show internal structures beneath those surfaces. The laparoscopic ultrasound is often used to visualize the internal structures, but its use is limited to intermittent confirmation because of the need for an extra hand to maneuver the ultrasound probe. Other limitations of using ultrasound are the difficulty of interpretation and the need for an extra port. The size of the ultrasound transducer may also be too large for its usage in small children. In this paper, we report on an augmented reality (AR) visualization system that features continuous hands-free volumetric ultrasound scanning of the surgical anatomy and video imaging from a stereoscopic laparoscope. The acquisition of volumetric ultrasound image is realized by precisely controlling a back-and-forth movement of an ultrasound transducer mounted on a linear slider. Furthermore, the ultrasound volume is refreshed several times per minute. This scanner will sit outside of the body in the envisioned use scenario and could be even integrated into the operating table. An overlay of the maximum intensity projection (MIP) of ultrasound volume on the laparoscopic stereo video through geometric transformations features an AR visualization system particularly suitable for children, because ultrasound is radiation-free and provides higher-quality images in small patients. The proposed AR representation promises to be better than the AR representation using ultrasound slice data.

  15. Successful and safe introduction of laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery in Dutch hospitals.

    PubMed

    Kolfschoten, Nikki E; van Leersum, Nicoline J; Gooiker, Gea A; Marang van de Mheen, Perla J; Eddes, Eric-Hans; Kievit, Job; Brand, Ronald; Tanis, Pieter J; Bemelman, Willem A; Tollenaar, Rob A E M; Meijerink, Jeroen; Wouters, Michel W J M

    2013-05-01

    To investigate the safety of laparoscopic colorectal cancer resections in a nationwide population-based study. Although laparoscopic techniques are increasingly used in colorectal cancer surgery, little is known on results outside trials. With the fast introduction of laparoscopic resection (LR), questions were raised about safety. Of all patients who underwent an elective colorectal cancer resection in 2010 in the Netherlands, 93% were included in the Dutch Surgical Colorectal Audit. Short-term outcome after LR, open resection (OR), and converted LR were compared in a generalized linear mixed model. We further explored hospital differences in LR and conversion rates. A total of 7350 patients, treated in 90 hospitals, were included. LR rate was 41% with a conversion rate of 15%. After adjustment for differences in case-mix, LR was associated with a lower risk of mortality (odds ratio 0.63, P < 0.01), major morbidity (odds ratio 0.72, P < 0.01), any complications (odds ratio 0.74, P < 0.01), hospital stay more than 14 days (odds ratio 0.71, P < 0.01), and irradical resections (odds ratio 0.68, P < 0.01), compared to OR. Outcome after conversion was similar to OR (P > 0.05). A large variation in LR and conversion rates among hospitals was found; however, the difference in outcome associated with operative techniques was not influenced by hospital of treatment. Use of laparoscopic techniques in colorectal cancer surgery in the Netherlands is safe and results are better in short-term outcome than open surgery, irrespective of the hospital of treatment. Outcome after conversion was similar to OR.

  16. Laparoscopic single port surgery in children using Triport: our early experience.

    PubMed

    de Armas, Ismael A Salas; Garcia, Isabella; Pimpalwar, Ashwin

    2011-09-01

    Laparoscopy has become the gold standard technique for appendectomy and cholecystectomy. With the emergence of newer laparoscopic instruments which are roticulating and provide 7 degrees of freedom it is now possible to perform these operations through a single umbilical incision rather than the standard 3-4 incisions and thus lead to more desirable cosmetic results and less postoperative pain. The newer reticulating telescopes provide excellent exposure of the operating field and allow the operations to proceed routinely. Recently, ports [Triports (Olympus surgery)/SILS ports] especially designed for single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) have been developed. We herein describe our experience with laparoscopic single port appendectomies and cholecystectomies in children using the Triport. This is a retrospective cohort study of children who underwent single incision laparoscopic surgery between May 2009 and August 2010 at Texas Children's Hospital and Ben Taub General Hospital in Houston Texas by a single surgeon. Charts were reviewed for demographics, type of procedure, operative time, early or late complications, outcome and cosmetic results. Fifty-four patients underwent SILS. A total of 50 appendectomies (early or perforated) and 4 cholecystectomies were performed using this new minimally invasive approach. The average operative time for SILS/LESS appendectomy was 54 min with a range between 25 and 205 min, while operative time for SILS cholecystectomy was 156 min with a range of 75-196 min. Only small percentage (4%) of appendectomies (mostly complicated) were converted to standard laparoscopy, but none were converted to open procedure. All patients were followed up in the clinic after 3-4 weeks. No complications were noted and all patients had excellent cosmetic results. Parents were extremely satisfied with the cosmetic results. SILS/LESS is a safe, minimally invasive approach for appendectomy and cholecystectomy in children. This new approach is

  17. Bowel obstruction after open and laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery for morbid obesity.

    PubMed

    Capella, Rafael F; Iannace, Vincent A; Capella, Joseph F

    2006-09-01

    Bowel obstruction is increasingly recognized as an important complication after gastric bypass. This study analyzed late bowel obstruction after open and laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. The medical records of 1,378 patients who had proximal gastric bypass during the years 2002 and 2003 at a large bariatric center were evaluated for readmission with bowel obstruction requiring operations. In the study group, 697 patients underwent a laparoscopic approach and 735 had an open approach to gastric bypass. Patients had a minimum followup of 18 months. In the laparoscopic group, 68 of the 697 patients were readmitted for bowel obstruction requiring operations, for an incidence of 9.7%. There were 14 additional recurrent obstructions, for a total of 82 operations. Of the 68 patients requiring reoperations, 3 (4.4%) required bowel resection and 8 (11.7%) had conversion to an open approach. Bowel resections were performed in two of the three patients with a second episode of bowel obstruction. The average time intervals between the primary operation in 2002 and 2003 and the first episode of obstruction were 511 and 385 days, respectively. There were no readmissions requiring operations for late bowel obstruction in the open gastric bypass group. We found an unanticipated high incidence of bowel obstruction after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. There were no hospital admissions for bowel obstruction requiring operations in the open gastric bypass group. Lack of adhesions and the resulting free displacement of small bowel after laparoscopy appear to be the cause of this complication. Open gastric bypass surgery produces thin, diffuse upper abdominal adhesions that may then stabilize the bowel and prevent internal hernias and bowel obstruction. An open approach may be a reasonable option for management of recurrent episodes of bowel obstruction after laparoscopy.

  18. Multivariate analysis of risk factors for surgical site infection after laparoscopic colorectal surgery.

    PubMed

    Drosdeck, Joseph; Harzman, Alan; Suzo, Andrew; Arnold, Mark; Abdel-Rasoul, Mahmoud; Husain, Syed

    2013-12-01

    Surgical site infection (SSI) and incisional hernia (IH) are among the most common complications after colorectal surgery. While many risk factors for these complications are unavoidable, evidence suggests that use of Pfannenstiel incisions for specimen extraction during laparoscopic procedures may reduce their incidence. The objectives of this study were to identify risk factors for extraction site SSI (primary objective) and IH (secondary objective) in patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal resections at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center between January 2006 and October 2012 were included. In addition to reviewing medical records, data were gathered from patient questionnaires with a focus on two end points: extraction site SSI and IH. Univariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify significant associations between the two end points and the following variables: age, gender, ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) score, cancer, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), body mass index (BMI), diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, use of immunosuppressant medications, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, smoking, surgical history, surgery duration, duration of follow-up, use of hand-assistance, and utilization of Pfannenstiel incisions for specimen extraction. Multivariate analysis was performed for significant variables. A total of 419 patients met the inclusion criteria. The incidence of SSI was 10.3%. Higher BMI, presence of IBD, younger age, and hand-assisted procedures were associated with a significantly higher risk of SSI. Use of Pfannenstiel extraction sites was associated with lower infection rates; however, this association was not statistically significant. IBD, BMI, and hand-assistance were statistically significant on multivariate analysis. Odds ratios for SSI with IBD, hand-assistance and BMI (per unit increase) were 3.3, 2.2, and 1.06, respectively

  19. Assessment of age-specific safety of laparoscopic surgery in elderly patients with ovarian tumors.

    PubMed

    Otake, Akiko; Sasase, Aya; Suzuki, Atsuko; Takahashi, Kayo; Sasamoto, Naoko; Miyoshi, Yukari; Shioji, Mitsunori; Yamamoto, Yoshimitsu; Adachi, Kazushige

    2016-03-01

    We assessed the age-specific safety of laparoscopic surgery in elderly patients with ovarian tumors. We performed a retrospective analysis of 55 elderly patients treated by laparoscopic salpingo-oophorectomy under the diagnosis of an ovarian tumor between January 2009 and December 2014. We divided patients into three groups: "young-elderly" (aged 65-74), "old-elderly" (aged 75-84), and "super-elderly" (aged 85-105) and assessed clinical characteristics, surgical results and postoperative course. Statistical significance of categorical variables was examined by the Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, or Fisher's exact test. Multiple regression analysis was used for multivariate analysis. Of a total of 55 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery, there were 36 patients in the young-elderly group, 17 in the old-elderly group, and two in the super-elderly group. Statistical analysis was performed between the young-elderly and the old-elderly groups because of the small number in the super-elderly group. More frequent comorbidities were found in the patients in the old-elderly than in the young-elderly group (Fisher's exact test, P = 0.007). There were no significant differences in operative time, estimated blood loss and postoperative hospital stay between the young-elderly and old-elderly groups. Intraoperative complications only occurred in the young-elderly group. Postoperative complications occurred in all groups. Although patients in the old-elderly group had a significantly higher risk for surgery, they had equivalent surgical results to the young-elderly group for laparoscopic salpingo-oophorectomy. © 2015 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

  20. Endoscopic full-thickness resection and laparoscopic surgery for treatment of gastric stromal tumors

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Liu-Ye; Cui, Jun; Wu, Cheng-Rong; Zhang, Bo; Jiang, Li-Xin; Xian, Xiang-Shu; Lin, Shu-Juan; Xu, Ning; Cao, Xiao-Ling; Wang, Zhi-Hua

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To assess the effectiveness of endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFR) and laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of gastric stromal tumors arising from the muscularis propria. METHODS: Out of 62 gastric stromal tumors arising from the muscularis propria, each > 1.5 cm in diameter, 32 were removed by EFR, and 30 were removed by laparoscopic surgery. The tumor expression of CD34, CD117, Dog-1, S-100, and SMA was assessed immunohistochemically. The operative time, complete resection rate, length of hospital stay, incidence of complications, and recurrence rate were compared between the two groups. Continuous data were compared using independent samples t-tests, and categorical data were compared using χ2 tests. RESULTS: The 32 gastric stromal tumors treated by EFR and the 30 treated by laparoscopic surgery showed similar operative time [20-155 min (mean, 78.5 ± 30.1 min) vs 50-120 min (mean, 80.9 ± 46.7 min), P > 0.05], complete resection rate (100% vs 93.3%, P > 0.05), and length of hospital stay [4-10 d (mean, 5.9 ± 1.4 d) vs 4-19 d (mean, 8.9 ± 3.2 d), P >0.05]. None of the patients treated by EFR experienced complications, whereas two patients treated by laparoscopy required a conversion to laparotomy, and one patient had postoperative gastroparesis. No recurrences were observed in either group. Immunohistochemical staining showed that of the 62 gastric stromal tumors diagnosed by gastroscopy and endoscopic ultrasound, six were leiomyomas (SMA-positive), one was a schwannoglioma (S-100 positive), and the remaining 55 were stromal tumors. CONCLUSION: Some gastric stromal tumors arising from the muscularis propria can be completely removed by EFR. EFR could likely replace surgical or laparoscopic procedures for the removal of gastric stromal tumors. PMID:25009400

  1. The practice of laparoscopic liver surgery in Belgium: a national survey.

    PubMed

    Tomassini, Federico; Scuderi, Vincenzo; Berardi, Giammauro; Dili, Alexandra; D'Hondt, Mathieu; Sergeant, Gregory; Hubert, Catherine; Huysentruyt, Frederik; Berrevoet, Frederik; Lucidi, Valerio; Troisi, Roberto Ivan

    2017-02-01

    Laparoscopic liver surgery (LLS) gained popularity bringing several advantages including decreased morbidity and reduction of length of hospital stay compared to open. To understand practice and evolution of LLS in Belgium, a 20-questions survey was sent to all members of the Royal Belgian Society for Surgery, the Belgian Section of Hepato-Pancreatic and Biliary Surgery and the Belgian Group for Endoscopic Surgery. Thirty-seven surgical units representing 61 surgeons performing LLS in Belgium responded: 50% from regional hospitals, 28% from university and 22% from peripheral hospitals. Replies from high volume centers (>50 liver-surgery/year) were 19%. More than 25% of liver procedures were performed laparoscopically in 35% of centers. LLS is adopted since more than 15-years in 14.5% of centers with an increasing rate reported in 59%. Low relevance of LLS in the hospital organization (26.5%) and lack of time in surgical schedules (12%) or of specific training (9%) are the main barriers for further diffusion. More than 80% of the responders agreed to participate to a national prospective registry. LLS is mainly performed in experienced HPB units with an increasing interest in peripheral centers. A prospective national registry will be useful by providing real data in terms of indications, morbidity and overall evolution.

  2. Systematic review of emergent laparoscopic colorectal surgery for benign and malignant disease

    PubMed Central

    Chand, Manish; Siddiqui, Muhammed RS; Gupta, Ashish; Rasheed, Shahnawaz; Tekkis, Paris; Parvaiz, Amjad; Mirnezami, Alex H; Qureshi, Tahseen

    2014-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery has become well established in the management of both and malignant colorectal disease. The last decade has seen increasing numbers of surgeons trained to a high standard in minimally-invasive surgery. However there has not been the same enthusiasm for the use of laparoscopy in emergency colorectal surgery. There is a perception that emergent surgery is technically more difficult and may lead to worse outcomes. The present review aims to provide a comprehensive and critical appraisal of the available literature on the use of laparoscopic colorectal surgery (LCS) in the emergency setting. The literature is broadly divided by the underlying pathology; that is, inflammatory bowel disease, diverticulitis and malignant obstruction. There were no randomized trials and the majority of the studies were case-matched series or comparative studies. The overall trend was that LCS is associated with shorter hospital stay, par or fewer complications but an increased operating time.Emergency LCS can be safely undertaken for both benign and malignant disease providing there is appropriate patient selection, the surgeon is adequately experienced and there are sufficient resources to allow for a potentially more complex operation. PMID:25493008

  3. Comparative assessment of physical and cognitive ergonomics associated with robotic and traditional laparoscopic surgeries.

    PubMed

    Lee, Gyusung I; Lee, Mija R; Clanton, Tameka; Clanton, Tamera; Sutton, Erica; Park, Adrian E; Marohn, Michael R

    2014-02-01

    We conducted this study to investigate how physical and cognitive ergonomic workloads would differ between robotic and laparoscopic surgeries and whether any ergonomic differences would be related to surgeons' robotic surgery skill level. Our hypothesis is that the unique features in robotic surgery will demonstrate skill-related results both in substantially less physical and cognitive workload and uncompromised task performance. Thirteen MIS surgeons were recruited for this institutional review board-approved study and divided into three groups based on their robotic surgery experiences: laparoscopy experts with no robotic experience, novices with no or little robotic experience, and robotic experts. Each participant performed six surgical training tasks using traditional laparoscopy and robotic surgery. Physical workload was assessed by using surface electromyography from eight muscles (biceps, triceps, deltoid, trapezius, flexor carpi ulnaris, extensor digitorum, thenar compartment, and erector spinae). Mental workload assessment was conducted using the NASA-TLX. The cumulative muscular workload (CMW) from the biceps and the flexor carpi ulnaris with robotic surgery was significantly lower than with laparoscopy (p < 0.05). Interestingly, the CMW from the trapezius was significantly higher with robotic surgery than with laparoscopy (p < 0.05), but this difference was only observed in laparoscopic experts (LEs) and robotic surgery novi