Science.gov

Sample records for law enforcement operations

  1. Developing operational requirements for the design of law enforcement technologies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Overlin, Trudy K.; Marts, Donna J.

    1995-05-01

    The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) was awarded a two-year project to design and develop an air bag restraint for use in law enforcement patrol vehicles. The work has successfully proven the concept and is in the final stages of prototype development. The end product will be the design and delivery of one prototype unit to the National Institute of Justice for evaluation. The INEL also assessed possible technologies that could be used to halt suspects in fleeing vehicles and safely put an end to high-speed pursuits. During the assessment of these technologies, a set of operational requirements were developed that were useful in determining the appropriateness of the technologies for the law enforcement application. This paper discusses the importance of operational requirements in their application to the technologies assessment conducted in the laboratory. The paper discusses the law enforcement and pursuit environment in terms of liability, safety of operation, social acceptance, and effectiveness of technology.

  2. New uses of remote vehicles for law enforcement operations

    SciTech Connect

    Henderson, L. )

    1992-01-01

    The use of teleoperated robotic devices for law enforcement operations has risen dramatically in recent years. The typical device is a portable, teleoperated vehicle with a manipulator. The availability of reliable, affordable equipment and emphasis on personnel safety are some of the primary driving forces. The primary use of these robots is for investigation and handling of explosive devices. The Kentucky State Police (KSP) have been using a remote vehicle since December 1988.

  3. LiveWall Operational Evaluation: Seattle Law Enforcement Pilot

    SciTech Connect

    Barr, Jonathan L.; Burtner, Edwin R.; Stein, Steven L.

    2013-10-01

    The LiveWall concept envisioned as an outgrowth of the Precision Information Environment (PIE) project allows communications between separate groups using interactive video, audio, and a shared desktop environment; this allows everyone to participate and collaborate in real time, regardless of location. The LiveWall concept provides a virtual window to other locations, where all parties can interact and collaboratively work with each other. This functionality is intended to improve multi-site coordination amongst emergency operations centers (EOC), field operations sites and across organizations and jurisdictions to accommodate communications during routine and emergency events. For the initial LiveWall operational evaluation PNNL partnered with the Seattle Police Department (SPD). This partnership allowed for the creation of an excellent LiveWall test bed specific to law enforcement. This partnership made it possible to test the LiveWall concept with scenarios involving the many facets of the law enforcement work done by SPD. PNNL and SPD agreed that integrating the systems into operations for a real event would be the best test of the technology and give SPD staff greater visibility into the functionality and benefits offered by the LiveWall concept.

  4. Bicycle Law Enforcement Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunter, William W.; Stutts, Jane C.

    This manual is an attempt to draw together relevant resources and information for localities interested in developing a bicycle law enforcement operation. It is divided into five major sections. Section I explains the need for and importance of bicycle law enforcement. In section II are presented examples of past and current bicycle law…

  5. Convergence: Special Operations Forces and Civilian Law Enforcement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    intent on committing suicide , but does not want to perpetrate the final act them- selves. Instead they place law enforcement officers in an untenable...position that will likely end in their demise. Known as suicide by cop, it is not rare, and an estimated 10 percent of all police shootings are...hijacker was suicidal and prepared to kill himself along with the passengers and crew.34 Thus the strategy was to get the plane safely on the

  6. Biological Incident Operations: A Guide for Law Enforcement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-09-01

    and sent to the hospital. Analysis of the suspect material showed the substance contained no hazardous material. Other recent biological hoaxes ...international terrorism. Counterrorism Watch (CT Watch) is the FBI’s 24-hour global command center for terrorism prevention operations. Staffed by... Warm , and Cold Zones) • Assisting with control and identification of the agents involved • Facilitating the rescue, decontamination, triage, treatment

  7. Careers in Law Enforcement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herbert, Solomon J.

    1991-01-01

    Opportunities for blacks in law enforcement careers are detailed. Local and federal law enforcement agencies are hiring members of minority groups. In a climate in which so many young African Americans are involved in negative behaviors, others should take the opportunity to try to provide positive role models. (SLD)

  8. Indian Law Enforcement History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Etheridge, David

    Written as a tribute to American Indian law enforcement officers and the Indian Criminal Justice System, this monographh details the history of the legislative, judicial, financial, and cultural problems associated with the development of Indian law enforcement. Citing numerous court cases, pieces of legislation, and individual and organizational…

  9. Facilitation for law enforcement technologies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brown, David A.

    1997-02-01

    In todays world of rapid technology development, emerging technologies present to law enforcement agencies, one of a very limited number of legal responses to criminal initiatives. Yet in spite of the existence of very sophisticated enforcement technologies, many law enforcement organizations seem to lag behind in several important areas of technology response and adaptation. This paper will propose the idea that what is needed is a closer partnership between private industry`technology adaptors' and government officials who are the problem `identifiers'. This marriage of necessity would produce immediate operational results focussed on todays enforcement problems and tomorrows emerging solutions. The paper will also present the concept of the establishment of an independent body tasked with the creation of an enforcement technology `adaptor' registry for authorized and innovative, enforcement technology applications specialists. This registry would be created to assist enforcement agencies with the location and/or creation of new law enforcement technologies/products. These persons would locate and/or create quick response technology innovations developed to provide operational `fixes' and technologies designed to address emerging enforcement problems. The presentation will conclude by providing examples of up to 12 different existing technologies devices currently available (but not generally known by government agencies).

  10. International law and law enforcement firearms.

    PubMed

    Jussila, Jorma; Normia, Pertti

    2004-01-01

    Several international agreements set constraints on the legitimate use of firearms as representing lethal force. Their meaning in terms of weapons technology must take into account their operational frame of reference, and legitimate warfare can be regarded as a law enforcement operation with similar principles on the use of force. Changes in weapons technology, such as new types of ammunition, transforming firearms into weapons with less-lethal and even humanitarian options, require new interpretations of the legislation. A division into lethal and non-lethal weapons is an oversimplification and the separation of international humanitarian law into military and law enforcement provisions can be questioned from the technical aspect. The type of technology acceptable for law enforcement use of firearms should be defined. An assessment for weapon injury should not be based on lethality, but rather on the potential for tissue damage and its reversibility.

  11. Innovative telecommunications for law enforcement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sohn, R. L.

    1976-01-01

    The operation of computer-aided dispatch, mobile digital communications, and automatic vehicle location systems used in law enforcement is discussed, and characteristics of systems used by different agencies are compared. With reference to computer-aided dispatch systems, the data base components, dispatcher work load, extent of usage, and design trends are surveyed. The capabilities, levels of communication, and traffic load of mobile digital communications systems are examined. Different automatic vehicle location systems are distinguished, and two systems are evaluated. Other aspects of the application of innovative technology to operational command, control, and communications systems for law enforcement agencies are described.

  12. Lectures on Law Enforcement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nettleship, Lois

    Three lectures on law enforcement are presented that were prepared for study purposes at Johnson County Community College. The first lecture examines the fundamental ideas of the Age of Enlightenment and discusses their influence on the American Revolution, the United States Constitution, and the Bill of Rights. Major provisions of the Bill of…

  13. Enforcing pollution control laws

    SciTech Connect

    Russell, C.S.; Harrington, W.; Vaughan, W.J.

    1986-01-01

    The heightened environmental consciousness of the 1970s prompted passage of a multitude of ambitious and unprecedented laws designed to clean up the environment and protect it for future generations. But beyond the mere passing of laws lay the difficult tasks of implementing, monitoring, and enforcing them. The authors of this book describe the current state of air and water pollution monitoring and enforcement activity a decade later, within the context of relevant legal, technological, and statistical developments. They mediate between the concerns of the theoretical literature-where it is generally assumed that violations are discovered and punished-and the real world-where violations are rarely discovered and almost never punished. Monitoring and enforcement procedures to date have been aimed at achieving initial rather than continuing compliance with regulations. The authors contend that it is time for a new approach focusing on the enduring problems of compliance. Economic models are used to show the extent of the difficulties involved in monitoring and enforcing pollution control laws on a continuous basis.

  14. Can Immigration Laws Be Enforced?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harwood, Edwin

    1983-01-01

    Current immigration law contains loopholes that make it difficult to restrict illegal immigration. Needed are enforcement strategies that maximize benefits from limited resources and are politically acceptable to American citizens. Such strategies might include increasing cost of entry, and focusing post entry operations on aliens involved in…

  15. Operational outcomes of the SECURES urban gunshot detection technology for law enforcement crime intervention strategies and force protection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Litch, Michael; Calhoon, Mark; Scharf, Peter; Velea, Doru; Bradley, George

    2006-05-01

    Planning Systems Incorporated (PSI) has been working with the National Institute of Justice, Center for Society Law and Justice (CSLJ) at the University of New Orleans, and law enforcement agencies in five highly varied United States locations to evaluate the use of an automated, wireless acoustic gun fire detection and localization system. Multiple SECURES(r) systems have been deployed and are in operation around the county. The most recent SECURES(r) implementation has been with the Newport News VA Police Department (NNPD) and East Orange NJ Police Department (EOPD). This paper will discuss successes and specific examples of its use by law enforcement to solve crimes and reduce community gunfire.

  16. Smart repeater system for communications interoperability during multiagency law enforcement operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crutcher, Richard I.; Jones, R. W.; Moore, Michael R.; Smith, S. F.; Tolley, Alan L.; Rochelle, Robert W.

    1997-02-01

    A prototype 'smart' repeater that provides interoperability capabilities for radio communication systems in multi-agency and multi-user scenarios is being developed by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The smart repeater functions as a deployable communications platform that can be dynamically reconfigured to cross-link the radios of participating federal, state, and local government agencies. This interconnection capability improves the coordination and execution of multi-agency operations, including coordinated law enforcement activities and general emergency or disaster response scenarios. The repeater provides multiple channels of operation in the 30-50, 118-136, 138-174, and 403-512 MHz land mobile communications and aircraft bands while providing the ability to cross-connect among multiple frequencies, bands, modulation types, and encryption formats. Additionally, two telephone interconnects provide links to the fixed and cellular telephone networks. The 800- and 900-MHz bands are not supported by the prototype, but the modular design of the system accommodates future retrofits to extend frequency capabilities with minimal impact to the system. Configuration of the repeater is through a portable personal computer with a Windows-based graphical interface control screen that provides dynamic reconfiguration of network interconnections and formats.

  17. Smart repeater system for communications interoperability during multi-agency law enforcement operations

    SciTech Connect

    Crutcher, R.I.; Jones, R.W.; Moore, M.R.; Smith, S.F.; Tolley, A.L.; Rochelle, R.W.

    1996-12-31

    A prototype smart repeater that provides interoperability capabilities for radio communication systems in multi-agency and multi-user scenarios is being developed by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The smart repeater functions as a deployable communications platform that can be dynamically reconfigured to cross-link the radios of participating federal, state, and local government agencies. This interconnection capability improves the coordination and execution of multi-agency operations, including coordinated law enforcement activities and general emergency or disaster response scenarios. The repeater provides multiple channels of operation in the 30--50, 118--136, 138--174, and 403--512 MHz land mobile communications and aircraft bands while providing the ability to cross-connect among multiple frequencies, bands, modulation types, and encryption formats. Additionally, two telephone interconnects provide links to the fixed and cellular telephone networks. The 800- and 900-MHz bands are not supported by the prototype, but the modular design of the system accommodates future retrofits to extend frequency capabilities with minimal impact to the system. Configuration of the repeater is through a portable personal computer with a Windows-based graphical interface control screen that provides dynamic reconfiguration of network interconnections and formats.

  18. Videofile for Law Enforcement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1977-01-01

    Components of a videotape storage and retrieval system originally developed for NASA have been adapted as a tool for law enforcement agencies. Ampex Corp., Redwood City, Cal., built a unique system for NASA-Marshall. The first application of professional broadcast technology to computerized record-keeping, it incorporates new equipment for transporting tapes within the system. After completing the NASA system, Ampex continued development, primarily to improve image resolution. The resulting advanced system, known as the Ampex Videofile, offers advantages over microfilm for filing, storing, retrieving, and distributing large volumes of information. The system's computer stores information in digital code rather than in pictorial form. While microfilm allows visual storage of whole documents, it requires a step before usage--developing the film. With Videofile, the actual document is recorded, complete with photos and graphic material, and a picture of the document is available instantly.

  19. Advanced shortwave infrared and Raman hyperspectral sensors for homeland security and law enforcement operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klueva, Oksana; Nelson, Matthew P.; Gardner, Charles W.; Gomer, Nathaniel R.

    2015-05-01

    Proliferation of chemical and explosive threats as well as illicit drugs continues to be an escalating danger to civilian and military personnel. Conventional means of detecting and identifying hazardous materials often require the use of reagents and/or physical sampling, which is a time-consuming, costly and often dangerous process. Stand-off detection allows the operator to detect threat residues from a safer distance minimizing danger to people and equipment. Current fielded technologies for standoff detection of chemical and explosive threats are challenged by low area search rates, poor targeting efficiency, lack of sensitivity and specificity or use of costly and potentially unsafe equipment such as lasers. A demand exists for stand-off systems that are fast, safe, reliable and user-friendly. To address this need, ChemImage Sensor Systems™ (CISS) has developed reagent-less, non-contact, non-destructive sensors for the real-time detection of hazardous materials based on widefield shortwave infrared (SWIR) and Raman hyperspectral imaging (HSI). Hyperspectral imaging enables automated target detection displayed in the form of image making result analysis intuitive and user-friendly. Application of the CISS' SWIR-HSI and Raman sensing technologies to Homeland Security and Law Enforcement for standoff detection of homemade explosives and illicit drugs and their precursors in vehicle and personnel checkpoints is discussed. Sensing technologies include a portable, robot-mounted and standalone variants of the technology. Test data is shown that supports the use of SWIR and Raman HSI for explosive and drug screening at checkpoints as well as screening for explosives and drugs at suspected clandestine manufacturing facilities.

  20. 76 FR 4369 - Special Law Enforcement Commissions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-25

    ... Bureau of Indian Affairs Special Law Enforcement Commissions AGENCY: Bureau of Indian Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice announces the online publication of the Interim Special Law Enforcement Commission Policy, Rules and Procedures, the Interim Special Law Enforcement Commission...

  1. 75 FR 81547 - Defense Support of Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-28

    ... civilian law enforcement efforts, including responses to civil disturbances. DATES: Comments must be... local civilian law enforcement efforts, including responses to civil disturbances. Sec. 182.2... and response to civil disturbance operations (CDO) (formerly referred to as ``military assistance...

  2. Social Media Integration into State-Operated Fusion Centers and Local Law Enforcement: Potential Uses and Challenges

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-12-01

    particularly social media , within fusion centers and local law enforcement entities could enable a more expedient exchange of information among fusion...vulnerabilities. Social media , if leveraged appropriately, could enhance communication among fusion centers, law enforcement, and private citizens to better...detect and deter terrorism. This research explores potential benefits and implementation challenges of integrating social media into fusion center and local law enforcement frameworks.

  3. 32 CFR 634.26 - Traffic law enforcement principles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... drivers and act promptly when driving behavior is improper or a defective vehicle is observed in operation... law enforcement principles. (a) Traffic law enforcement should motivate drivers to operate vehicles.... Effective enforcement should emphasize voluntary compliance by drivers and can be achieved by the...

  4. National law enforcement telecommunications network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reilly, N. B.; Garrison, G. W.; Sohn, R. L.; Gallop, D. L.; Goldstein, B. L.

    1975-01-01

    Alternative approaches are analyzed to a National Law Enforcement Telecommunications Network (NALECOM) designed to service all state-to-state and state-to-national criminal justice communications traffic needs in the United States. Network topology options were analyzed, and equipment and personnel requirements for each option were defined in accordance with NALECOM functional specifications and design guidelines. Evaluation criteria were developed and applied to each of the options leading to specific conclusions. Detailed treatments of methods for determining traffic requirements, communication line costs, switcher configurations and costs, microwave costs, satellite system configurations and costs, facilities, operations and engineering costs, network delay analysis and network availability analysis are presented. It is concluded that a single regional switcher configuration is the optimum choice based on cost and technical factors. A two-region configuration is competitive. Multiple-region configurations are less competitive due to increasing costs without attending benefits.

  5. Marsupial robots for law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murphy, Robin R.

    2001-02-01

    Marsupial robots are a type of heterogeneous mobile robot team. A mother robot transports, supports, and recovers one or more daughter robots. This paper will cover the marsupial robot concept, the application of law enforcement, and recent results in collaborative teleoperation for the related task of urban search and rescue.

  6. Remote, wireless stakeout surveillance for law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ford, Mike; Klein, Allen; Smith, Stan; Jones, John Paul

    2005-05-01

    Inflation combined with the added burden of homeland security requirements, is increasing pressure on local law enforcement budgets and manpower resources. The problem is: how can law enforcement agencies fulfill all of their requirements? How can they respond to these requirements, including homeland security, with limited manpower? Civil Rights considerations also place constraints on law enforcement. One possible solution is the Remote Law Enforcement Surveillance System (RLESS) concept. RLESS makes more efficient use of existing manpower while avoiding infringement on civil liberties. RLESS provides the capability for unattended stakeout and surveillance. Many stakeout or surveillance operations are conducted by vice, homicide, organized crime or other task forces. Lasting from days to weeks. Many large drug stings last months involving many persons of interest. A single surveillance mission usually involves a minimum of two persons X 3 shifts per day conducting active observation, equating to 48 man-hours per day. Their tasks include watching, listening, and documenting with photography. Recent military developments have included new technologies and techniques that enable remote unattended observation of areas or points of interest. This capability is now available to support law enforcement stakeouts, thereby significantly minimizes the stresses on manpower.

  7. Study of the Military Intelligence Support to Domestic Law Enforcement in Counterdrug and Counterterrorism Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-08

    Director Dave Barton, Special Agent in-Charge James Capra , and Special Agents Ben McIntosh, Dean Yannacito and Stephen Bergeman for their perspectives...enforcement has definite ideas on how they want to utilize military support, which will be covered next. James Capra , Special Agent in Charge (SAC...class regarding interagency support and ties between drug trafficking and terrorism.23 After his remarks, SAC Capra agreed to an interview to delve

  8. Equalizing Military and Civilian Law Enforcement Certification

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-20

    developed for training modern, common police tactics and operations. On-the-job or advanced police training and operations becomes the...skills, attributes, and behaviors that define us as a profession.‖4 Due to ever-changing and developing twenty-first century policing requirements...law enforcement agencies began work to collaboratively conduct research to establish a premier training accreditation model. In the development of

  9. Operational Design Applied: Reframing Counterdrug Support to Law Enforcement in Texas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-08

    and networked clandestine organizations. Notwithstanding significant change in the operational environment and friendly capabilities over the course...the influence of drugs and exposure to toxic methamphetamine laboratories.5 With respect to parental 9 neglect, no less than two-thirds of child...and ice methamphetamine have been found to contribute most to crime overall. Reinforcing the overall strong correlation between drugs and crime is

  10. Law Enforcement School Programs. Fact Sheet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas Safe Schools Initiative Division, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The school shooting incidents during the decade of the 1990's prompted an increase of law enforcement presence in schools. The School Violence Resource Center (SVRC) at the Criminal Justice Institute (CJI) University of Arkansas System undertook a project to determine what programs law enforcement agencies currently provide in their local schools…

  11. Biometrics and Policing: A Protocol for Multichannel Sensor Data Collection and Exploratory Analysis of Contextualized Psychophysiological Response During Law Enforcement Operations

    PubMed Central

    Aagaard, Brian; Ortiz, Alexa M; Hegarty-Craver, Meghan; Gilchrist, Kristin H; Ridenour, Ty A

    2017-01-01

    Background Stress experienced by law enforcement officers is often extreme and is in many ways unique among professions. Although past research on officer stress is informative, it is limited, and most studies measure stress using self-report questionnaires or observational studies that have limited generalizability. We know of no research studies that have attempted to track direct physiological stress responses in high fidelity, especially within an operational police setting. The outcome of this project will have an impact on both practitioners and policing researchers. To do so, we will establish a capacity to obtain complex, multisensor data; process complex datasets; and establish the methods needed to conduct idiopathic clinical trials on behavioral interventions in similar contexts. Objective The objective of this pilot study is to demonstrate the practicality and utility of wrist-worn biometric sensor-based research in a law enforcement agency. Methods We will use nonprobability convenience-based sampling to recruit 2-3 participants from the police department in Durham, North Carolina, USA. Results Data collection was conducted in 2016. We will analyze data in early 2017 and disseminate our results via peer reviewed publications in late 2017. Conclusions We developed the Biometrics & Policing Demonstration project to provide a proof of concept on collecting biometric data in a law enforcement setting. This effort will enable us to (1) address the regulatory approvals needed to collect data, including human participant considerations, (2) demonstrate the ability to use biometric tracking technology in a policing setting, (3) link biometric data to law enforcement data, and (4) explore project results for law enforcement policy and training. PMID:28314707

  12. Humanizing Law Enforcement: A New Paradigm.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woolpert, Stephen

    1980-01-01

    Discusses the recent literature on the humanization of law enforcement policy. Crisis intervention training programs, human relations training for police recruits, neighborhood team policing, and organization development approaches to management exemplify the humanistic perspective on police policy. (Author)

  13. Sexual Harassment in the Law Enforcement Workplace.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Irons, Nicholas H.

    Considerable confusion exists over male/female relationships in the work place, especially in such male-dominated professions as law enforcement. The laws governing sexual harassment offer unclear guidelines regarding the definition of harm that results from such harassment. This paper addresses the special problems of sexual harassment in the…

  14. 46 CFR 4.03-55 - Law enforcement officer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Law enforcement officer. 4.03-55 Section 4.03-55... AND INVESTIGATIONS Definitions § 4.03-55 Law enforcement officer. Law enforcement officer means a Coast Guard commissioned, warrant or petty officer; or any other law enforcement officer authorized...

  15. 46 CFR 4.03-55 - Law enforcement officer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Law enforcement officer. 4.03-55 Section 4.03-55... AND INVESTIGATIONS Definitions § 4.03-55 Law enforcement officer. Law enforcement officer means a Coast Guard commissioned, warrant or petty officer; or any other law enforcement officer authorized...

  16. 33 CFR 88.11 - Law enforcement vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Law enforcement vessels. 88.11... NAVIGATION RULES ANNEX V: PILOT RULES § 88.11 Law enforcement vessels. (a) Law enforcement vessels may display a flashing blue light when engaged in direct law enforcement or public safety activities....

  17. 46 CFR 4.03-55 - Law enforcement officer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Law enforcement officer. 4.03-55 Section 4.03-55... AND INVESTIGATIONS Definitions § 4.03-55 Law enforcement officer. Law enforcement officer means a Coast Guard commissioned, warrant or petty officer; or any other law enforcement officer authorized...

  18. Hunting, law enforcement, and African primate conservation.

    PubMed

    N'Goran, Paul K; Boesch, Christophe; Mundry, Roger; N'Goran, Eliezer K; Herbinger, Ilka; Yapi, Fabrice A; Kühl, Hjalmar S

    2012-06-01

    Primates are regularly hunted for bushmeat in tropical forests, and systematic ecological monitoring can help determine the effect hunting has on these and other hunted species. Monitoring can also be used to inform law enforcement and managers of where hunting is concentrated. We evaluated the effects of law enforcement informed by monitoring data on density and spatial distribution of 8 monkey species in Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. We conducted intensive surveys of monkeys and looked for signs of human activity throughout the park. We also gathered information on the activities of law-enforcement personnel related to hunting and evaluated the relative effects of hunting, forest cover and proximity to rivers, and conservation effort on primate distribution and density. The effects of hunting on monkeys varied among species. Red colobus monkeys (Procolobus badius) were most affected and Campbell's monkeys (Cercopithecus campbelli) were least affected by hunting. Density of monkeys irrespective of species was up to 100 times higher near a research station and tourism site in the southwestern section of the park, where there is little hunting, than in the southeastern part of the park. The results of our monitoring guided law-enforcement patrols toward zones with the most hunting activity. Such systematic coordination of ecological monitoring and law enforcement may be applicable at other sites.

  19. Psychiatric Disability in Law Enforcement Officers.

    PubMed

    Price, Marilyn

    2017-03-17

    Law enforcement officers all across the world are exposed to violence, confrontation, and traumatic incidents. They regularly witness death and suffering and are at risk of personal injury. Psychiatric sequelae include an increased risk for trauma-related symptoms, depression, alcohol-use disorders, and stress-related medical conditions. Law enforcement officers have been applying for early disability retirement pensions at an increased rate for stress-related psychiatric and medical conditions. As a result, law enforcement agencies are prematurely losing valuable resources, officers with training and experience. Departments have become proactive in trying to address mental health issues to prevent psychiatric disability by implementing employee wellness plans and stress reduction interventions. Programs have been developed to mitigate the effects of stress on law enforcement personnel. Many law enforcement agencies have developed strategies to encourage early confidential referral for psychiatric treatment. They utilize peer support groups and employee assistance programs and develop alliances with mental health professionals. When these approaches fail, a fitness for duty process can be used to identify impairment in work functioning due to psychiatric factors with the prospect of later returning the officer to full duty. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  20. 25 CFR 12.33 - Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers? 12.33 Section 12.33 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT... § 12.33 Are Indian country law enforcement officers paid less than other law enforcement officers?...

  1. Overview of advanced law enforcement electronic technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harden, W. R.

    1995-05-01

    Law enforcement and security management are using advanced electronic equipment to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of the budget restricted police officer force. Currently there is also significant national attention concerning the possible utilization of 'military' electronic hardware to implement the much sought after 'force multiplier' which can help to alleviate each jurisdictions economic restrictions. However, as we are now finding, the transfer of 'military' hardware for utilization by law enforcement personnel is not as economically viable as hoped. This paper will address some of the recent advances in electronic technology that are being derived from the military technology base. Additionally, comments are given concerning the economic impact as the technology is transferred to the law enforcement community.

  2. 25 CFR 11.909 - Law enforcement records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Law enforcement records. 11.909 Section 11.909 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Children's Court § 11.909 Law enforcement records. (a) Law enforcement records and...

  3. 20 CFR 638.805 - Security and law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... jurisdiction with the appropriate State and locality with respect to criminal law enforcement as long as a... jurisdiction establish agreements with federal, State and local law enforcement agencies to enforce criminal... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Security and law enforcement. 638.805...

  4. 32 CFR 634.26 - Traffic law enforcement principles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... suspended or revoked. (5) Using sound discretion and judgment in deciding when to apprehend, issue citations..., and violations that cause accidents. Law enforcement personnel use selective enforcement because...

  5. Intimate Partner Violence within Law Enforcement Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Anita S.; Lo, Celia C.

    2011-01-01

    Using data from the Baltimore Police Stress and Domestic Violence study, the authors examined how exposure to stressful events on the job affects law enforcement employees' physical aggression toward domestic partners, evaluating the role of negative emotions and authoritarian spillover in mediating the impact of such task-related stress. The…

  6. Guidelines for Working with Law Enforcement Agencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corn, Michael

    2007-01-01

    Many security professionals choose the career because of an interest in the technology of security. Few realize the degree to which a contemporary security office interacts with law enforcement agencies (LEAs) such as the FBI and state, local, and campus police. As the field of information security has matured, the language of risk management is…

  7. Enforcing women's rights through law.

    PubMed

    Cook, R J

    1995-06-01

    Because women have to be equal partners in development to insure its sustainability, the human rights of women must be foremost on development agendas. Ratification of and adherence to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (the Women's Convention) would be a powerful international tool in this regard. In various countries, progress towards legalizing rights for women is passing through a first stage which focusses on the protection of specific rights to a second stage in which sex is included as a prohibited ground of discrimination to a third stage which addresses the pervasive and structural nature of the violation of women's rights. It is expected that governments will renew their commitment to the Women's Convention at the Fourth World Conference on Women (WCW) and, thus, take more seriously their obligations to report progress and remove reservations. Regional initiatives, such as the Organization of American States' 1994 Convention on the Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication of Violence Against Women, can also be used to protect women's rights, and the application of national constitutions and domestic laws remains the first line of defence for women. Particular attention must be paid to laws which apply to property rights, nationality, equality within the family, reproductive and other health issues, and violence against women. The Draft Plan of Action prepared for the WCW challenges states to specify their plans to eliminate discrimination. While this Plan may prove to lack vision, women's nongovernmental organizations are playing a major role in accelerating the movement of international and domestic law towards justice for women.

  8. 24 CFR 291.520 - Eligible law enforcement officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Eligible law enforcement officers... Neighbor Next Door Sales Program § 291.520 Eligible law enforcement officers. A person qualifies as a law... law enforcement agency of the federal government, a state, a unit of general local government, or...

  9. 32 CFR 806b.8 - Obtaining law enforcement records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Obtaining law enforcement records. The Commander, Air Force Office of Special Investigation; the Commander, Air Force Security Forces Center; Major Command, Field Operating Agency, and base chiefs of security... Section 806b.8 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR...

  10. 49 CFR 1542.215 - Law enforcement support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Law enforcement support. 1542.215 Section 1542.215 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT SECURITY Operations § 1542.215...

  11. 49 CFR 1542.217 - Law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1542.217 Section 1542.217 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT SECURITY Operations §...

  12. 49 CFR 1544.217 - Law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1544.217 Section 1544.217 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRCRAFT OPERATOR SECURITY: AIR...

  13. 49 CFR 1542.217 - Law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1542.217 Section 1542.217 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT SECURITY Operations §...

  14. 49 CFR 1542.215 - Law enforcement support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Law enforcement support. 1542.215 Section 1542.215 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT SECURITY Operations § 1542.215...

  15. 49 CFR 1544.217 - Law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1544.217 Section 1544.217 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRCRAFT OPERATOR SECURITY: AIR...

  16. 49 CFR 1542.215 - Law enforcement support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Law enforcement support. 1542.215 Section 1542.215 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT SECURITY Operations § 1542.215...

  17. 49 CFR 1542.217 - Law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1542.217 Section 1542.217 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT SECURITY Operations §...

  18. 49 CFR 1542.215 - Law enforcement support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Law enforcement support. 1542.215 Section 1542.215 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT SECURITY Operations § 1542.215...

  19. 49 CFR 1544.217 - Law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1544.217 Section 1544.217 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRCRAFT OPERATOR SECURITY: AIR...

  20. 49 CFR 1542.217 - Law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1542.217 Section 1542.217 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT SECURITY Operations §...

  1. 49 CFR 1544.217 - Law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1544.217 Section 1544.217 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRCRAFT OPERATOR SECURITY: AIR...

  2. 49 CFR 1542.217 - Law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1542.217 Section 1542.217 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT SECURITY Operations §...

  3. 49 CFR 1544.217 - Law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1544.217 Section 1544.217 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRCRAFT OPERATOR SECURITY: AIR...

  4. 49 CFR 1542.215 - Law enforcement support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Law enforcement support. 1542.215 Section 1542.215 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT SECURITY Operations § 1542.215...

  5. Forensic imaging tools for law enforcement

    SciTech Connect

    SMITHPETER,COLIN L.; SANDISON,DAVID R.; VARGO,TIMOTHY D.

    2000-01-01

    Conventional methods of gathering forensic evidence at crime scenes are encumbered by difficulties that limit local law enforcement efforts to apprehend offenders and bring them to justice. Working with a local law-enforcement agency, Sandia National Laboratories has developed a prototype multispectral imaging system that can speed up the investigative search task and provide additional and more accurate evidence. The system, called the Criminalistics Light-imaging Unit (CLU), has demonstrated the capabilities of locating fluorescing evidence at crime scenes under normal lighting conditions and of imaging other types of evidence, such as untreated fingerprints, by direct white-light reflectance. CLU employs state of the art technology that provides for viewing and recording of the entire search process on videotape. This report describes the work performed by Sandia to design, build, evaluate, and commercialize CLU.

  6. 20 CFR 401.155 - Law enforcement purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... for criminal law enforcement purposes where a violent crime such as murder or kidnapping has been... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Law enforcement purposes. 401.155 Section 401... INFORMATION Disclosure of Official Records and Information § 401.155 Law enforcement purposes. (a)...

  7. 20 CFR 401.155 - Law enforcement purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... for criminal law enforcement purposes where a violent crime such as murder or kidnapping has been... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Law enforcement purposes. 401.155 Section 401... INFORMATION Disclosure of Official Records and Information § 401.155 Law enforcement purposes. (a)...

  8. 20 CFR 401.155 - Law enforcement purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... for criminal law enforcement purposes where a violent crime such as murder or kidnapping has been... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Law enforcement purposes. 401.155 Section 401... INFORMATION Disclosure of Official Records and Information § 401.155 Law enforcement purposes. (a)...

  9. 20 CFR 401.155 - Law enforcement purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... for criminal law enforcement purposes where a violent crime such as murder or kidnapping has been... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Law enforcement purposes. 401.155 Section 401... INFORMATION Disclosure of Official Records and Information § 401.155 Law enforcement purposes. (a)...

  10. 45 CFR 164.412 - Law enforcement delay.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... § 164.412 Law enforcement delay. If a law enforcement official states to a covered entity or business... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Law enforcement delay. 164.412 Section 164.412... investigation or cause damage to national security, a covered entity or business associate shall: (a) If...

  11. 20 CFR 638.805 - Security and law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Security and law enforcement. 638.805 Section... and law enforcement. (a) The Job Corps Director shall provide guidelines to protect the security of... jurisdiction with the appropriate State and locality with respect to criminal law enforcement as long as...

  12. 32 CFR 806b.8 - Obtaining law enforcement records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Obtaining law enforcement records. 806b.8... ADMINISTRATION PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM Obtaining Law Enforcement Records and Confidentiality Promises § 806b.8 Obtaining law enforcement records. The Commander, Air Force Office of Special Investigation; the...

  13. 20 CFR 638.805 - Security and law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Security and law enforcement. 638.805 Section... and law enforcement. (a) The Job Corps Director shall provide guidelines to protect the security of... jurisdiction with the appropriate State and locality with respect to criminal law enforcement as long as...

  14. 45 CFR 164.412 - Law enforcement delay.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Law enforcement delay. 164.412 Section 164.412 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services ADMINISTRATIVE DATA STANDARDS AND RELATED... § 164.412 Law enforcement delay. If a law enforcement official states to a covered entity or...

  15. Law enforcement tools available at the Savannah River Site

    SciTech Connect

    Hofstetter, K.J.

    2000-03-29

    A number of nuclear technologies developed and applied at the Savannah River Site in support of nuclear weapons material production and environmental remediation can be applied to problems in law enforcement. Techniques and equipment for high-sensitivity analyses of samples are available to identify and quantify trace elements and establish origins and histories of forensic evidence removed from crime scenes. While some of theses capabilities are available at local crime laboratories, state-of-the-art equipment and breakthroughs in analytical techniques are continually being developed at DOE laboratories. Extensive experience with the handling of radioactive samples at the DOE labs minimizes the chances of cross-contamination of evidence received from law enforcement. In addition to high-sensitivity analyses, many of the field techniques developed for use in a nuclear facility can assist law enforcement personnel in detecting illicit materials and operations, in retrieving of pertinent evidence and in surveying crime scenes. Some of these tools include chemical sniffers, hand-held detectors, thermal imaging, etc. In addition, mobile laboratories can be deployed to a crime scene to provide field screening of potential evidence. A variety of portable sensors can be deployed on vehicle, aerial, surface or submersible platforms to assist in the location of pertinent evidence or illicit operations. Several specific nuclear technologies available to law enforcement and their potential uses are discussed.

  16. LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER TRAINING, BASIC COURSE, UNIT II, A UNIT OF THE OHIO LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS' TRAINING PROGRAM, LEARNER'S MANUAL.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    REESE, ROBERT M.; AND OTHERS

    STUDENTS MAY USE THIS MANUAL IN A LAW ENFORCEMENT TRAINING PROGRAM FOR INSERVICE LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS AND RECRUITS. IT WAS DEVELOPED BY A STATEWIDE COMMITTEE OF LAW ENFORCEMENT TRAINING CONSULTANTS, SPECIALISTS, AND AN ADVISORY COMMITTEE AND WAS TESTED BY A SUBJECT MATTER SPECIALIST IN A PILOT-CLASS STUDY. THE PROGRAM IS DESIGNED TO PROVIDE…

  17. Small power systems for law enforcement applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sims, Paul E.; Mauk, Michael G.; Sulima, Oleg V.

    2002-08-01

    Recent events have increased interest in the use of sensors by law enforcement and homeland defense related organizations. Autonomous sensors such as those under development for the Unattended Ground Sensor (UGS) program are suitable for some of these applications. The operational lifetime of a UGS depends on the power consumption of the package and the space allocated for batteries. We survey and assess options for powering these devices ina long-term scenario. These alternatives are in various stages of development, and range from conventional batteries and solar cells that are ready for deployment and are now commercially available; to technologies developed for other applications (e.g., power for deep-space probes, man portable power for soldiers, or for sensors in oil drilling bore holes) that would need to be adapted to UGS's; to new and often speculative concepts that are in the laboratory or are still on the drawing board. Ideally, unattended ground sensors do not require servicing, re- energizing or refueling; and are capable of autonomous operation for weeks or even years. Further, UGS's may need to be used covertly, which restricts schemes that would provide a detectable signature. Reliability, ruggedness, cost, weight, size, camouflaging, use of toxic materials and other safety or disposal aspects, restrictions on their deployment (e.g., whether UGS's can be dropped form the air or whether they need to be uprighted or favorably oriented), storage and inventorying considerations, temperature ranges of operation, and complexity of associated electronics are also important issues. In this paper, we will limit the discussion to systems where operating power does not exceed 5 watts since larger systems are commercially available. Some subjectivity in comparisons is perhaps inevitable, but despite the disparate physics upon which these devices are based, a few common criteria can be invoked for discussing their suitability for energy storage and powering UGS

  18. Computational infrastructure for law enforcement. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Lades, M.; Kunz, C.; Strikos, I.

    1997-02-01

    This project planned to demonstrate the leverage of enhanced computational infrastructure for law enforcement by demonstrating the face recognition capability at LLNL. The project implemented a face finder module extending the segmentation capabilities of the current face recognition so it was capable of processing different image formats and sizes and create the pilot of a network-accessible image database for the demonstration of face recognition capabilities. The project was funded at $40k (2 man-months) for a feasibility study. It investigated several essential components of a networked face recognition system which could help identify, apprehend, and convict criminals.

  19. Requirements Development for Interoperability Simulation Capability for Law Enforcement

    SciTech Connect

    Holter, Gregory M.

    2004-05-19

    The National Counterdrug Center (NCC) was initially authorized by Congress in FY 1999 appropriations to create a simulation-based counterdrug interoperability training capability. As the lead organization for Research and Analysis to support the NCC, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was responsible for developing the requirements for this interoperability simulation capability. These requirements were structured to address the hardware and software components of the system, as well as the deployment and use of the system. The original set of requirements was developed through a process of conducting a user-based survey of requirements for the simulation capability, coupled with an analysis of similar development efforts. The user-based approach ensured that existing concerns with respect to interoperability within the law enforcement community would be addressed. Law enforcement agencies within the designated pilot area of Cochise County, Arizona, were surveyed using interviews and ride-alongs during actual operations. The results of this survey were then accumulated, organized, and validated with the agencies to ensure the accuracy of the results. These requirements were then supplemented by adapting operational requirements from existing systems to ensure system reliability and operability. The NCC adopted a development approach providing incremental capability through the fielding of a phased series of progressively more capable versions of the system. This allowed for feedback from system users to be incorporated into subsequent revisions of the system requirements, and also allowed the addition of new elements as needed to adapt the system to broader geographic and geopolitical areas, including areas along the southwest and northwest U.S. borders. This paper addresses the processes used to develop and refine requirements for the NCC interoperability simulation capability, as well as the response of the law enforcement community to the use of

  20. 45 CFR 5.68 - Exemption seven: Law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... purposes. The records may apply to actual or potential violations of either criminal or civil laws or... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Exemption seven: Law enforcement. 5.68 Section 5... INFORMATION REGULATIONS Reasons for Withholding Some Records § 5.68 Exemption seven: Law enforcement. We...

  1. 45 CFR 5.68 - Exemption seven: Law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... purposes. The records may apply to actual or potential violations of either criminal or civil laws or... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Exemption seven: Law enforcement. 5.68 Section 5... INFORMATION REGULATIONS Reasons for Withholding Some Records § 5.68 Exemption seven: Law enforcement. We...

  2. 45 CFR 5.68 - Exemption seven: Law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... purposes. The records may apply to actual or potential violations of either criminal or civil laws or... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Exemption seven: Law enforcement. 5.68 Section 5... INFORMATION REGULATIONS Reasons for Withholding Some Records § 5.68 Exemption seven: Law enforcement. We...

  3. 28 CFR 0.29j - Law enforcement authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Law enforcement authority. 0.29j Section...-Office of the Inspector General § 0.29j Law enforcement authority. Subject to guidelines promulgated by...) Detect and assist in the prosecution of crimes in violation of the laws of the United States and...

  4. 45 CFR 5.68 - Exemption seven: Law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Exemption seven: Law enforcement. 5.68 Section 5... INFORMATION REGULATIONS Reasons for Withholding Some Records § 5.68 Exemption seven: Law enforcement. We are not required to disclose information or records that the government has compiled for law...

  5. 28 CFR 0.29j - Law enforcement authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Law enforcement authority. 0.29j Section...-Office of the Inspector General § 0.29j Law enforcement authority. Subject to guidelines promulgated by...) Detect and assist in the prosecution of crimes in violation of the laws of the United States and...

  6. New law enforcement applications of millimeter-wave radar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Currie, Nicholas C.; Ferris, David D., Jr.; McMillan, Robert W.; Wicks, Michael C.

    1997-06-01

    Recent advances in millimeter-wave (MMW) radar technologies provide new applications for law enforcement use over-and- above the venerable speed timing radar. These applications include the potential to detect weapons under clothing and to conduct surveillance through walls. Concealed Weapon Detection and covert surveillance are of high interest to both the Department of Defense in support of Small Unit Operations and the Justice Department for civilian law enforcement applications. MMW sensors are under development which should provide the needed capabilities including radiometric sensors at 95 GHz, active 95 GHz real aperture radars, active focal plane array (FPA) radars, and holographic radars. Radiometric sensors include 2D FPA systems, 1D FPA, scanned systems, and single element scanned sensors. Active FPA radars include illuminated radiometric systems and coherent radar systems. Real aperture MMW radar systems include raster scanned and conical scanned sensors. Holographic systems ruse mechanical scanners to collect coherent data over a significant solid angular sector.

  7. Applications for mini VTOL UAV for law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murphy, Douglas W.; Cycon, James

    1999-01-01

    Remotely operated vehicle systems, ground and air, have great potential for supporting law enforcement operations. These systems with their onboard sensors, can assist in collecting evidence, performing long-term surveillance or in assessing hazardous situations prior to committing personnel. Remote ground vehicles are presently used by many police departments for ordnance clearing missions. Unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) typically offer long endurance, and are intuitive to operate, but can be severely limited in where they can go by terrain and obstacles. Unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) have 3-D mobility, but have landing and takeoff restrictions, mission time limitations, and typically are demanding to operate. A new capability has been demonstrated for the U.S. military that shows great promise for aiding police agencies. This concept uses a shrouded rotor, vertical take off and landing (VTOL), an unmanned air vehicle to provide mobility to sensors and other payloads. This system can either perform surveillance from the air or travel to a remote location and land to position onboard sensors to perform long-term surveillance from the ground. This mobility platform concept can also be used to position packages (e.g., communications repeaters) or deliver and deploy non-lethal agents. This paper presents the concept of a small, UAV, VTOL, sensor mobility system for support of law enforcement operations. It then discusses operational feasibility and briefly reviews demonstrations of surveillance and sensor placement operations in military urban terrain scenarios performed by the Space and Naval Warfare (SPAWAR) Systems Center San Diego (SSCSD) and Sikorsky Aircraft with their full-size Cypher UAV. We then discuss the practicality of reducing the size of this capability to a system small enough to be transported in standard police vehicles and which can be easily operated by law enforcement personnel.

  8. DWI [Driving While Intoxicated] Law Enforcement Training Project: Instructor's Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnahan, James E.; And Others

    The Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) Law Enforcement Training Program has been developed to provide the alcohol enforcement officer trainee with working knowledge and skills which will enable him to effectively carry out his alcohol enforcement tasks. The instructor's manual has been prepared to serve as a text to assist the instructor in…

  9. 32 CFR 806b.8 - Obtaining law enforcement records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Obtaining law enforcement records. The Commander, Air Force Office of Special Investigation; the Commander... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Obtaining law enforcement records. 806b.8 Section 806b.8 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR...

  10. School Administrators and Law Enforcement Officials. A Legal Memorandum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Secondary School Principals, Reston, VA.

    A model policy and rules for maintaining a cooperative effort between school administrators and law enforcement officials are presented in this pamphlet. The policy and rules were developed by the Iowa State Department of Public Instruction. The model policy stresses cooperation between administrators and law enforcement officers and respect for…

  11. Improving Law Enforcement Cross Cultural Competencies through Continued Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sereni-Massinger, Christine; Wood, Nancy

    2016-01-01

    Over the last thirty years Community Oriented Policing (COP) has spawned advancements in creating community partnerships with law enforcement agencies. Agencies that focus on such partnerships have served to reduce crime and resolve conflict. However, community opinions towards law enforcement have become increasingly negative due to recent civil…

  12. DWI [Driving While Intoxicated] Law Enforcement Training Project: Course Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnahan, James E.

    The course guide has been designed as the basic planning document for the program director and instructional personnel in the organization and administration of a Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) Law Enforcement Training Course. It contains an explanation of the developmental effort of the DWI Law Enforcement Training Project and detailed…

  13. 45 CFR 5.68 - Exemption seven: Law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Exemption seven: Law enforcement. 5.68 Section 5.68 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION FREEDOM OF INFORMATION REGULATIONS Reasons for Withholding Some Records § 5.68 Exemption seven: Law enforcement. We are not required to disclose information or...

  14. 29 CFR 553.211 - Law enforcement activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... meet these tests are considered to be engaged in law enforcement activities regardless of their rank... tests described above. If so, they will also qualify as law enforcement officers. Such employees might... claiming the section 13(b)(20) exemption. (e) Employees who do not meet each of the three tests...

  15. 29 CFR 553.211 - Law enforcement activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... meet these tests are considered to be engaged in law enforcement activities regardless of their rank... tests described above. If so, they will also qualify as law enforcement officers. Such employees might... claiming the section 13(b)(20) exemption. (e) Employees who do not meet each of the three tests...

  16. 29 CFR 553.211 - Law enforcement activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... meet these tests are considered to be engaged in law enforcement activities regardless of their rank... tests described above. If so, they will also qualify as law enforcement officers. Such employees might... claiming the section 13(b)(20) exemption. (e) Employees who do not meet each of the three tests...

  17. 29 CFR 553.211 - Law enforcement activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... meet these tests are considered to be engaged in law enforcement activities regardless of their rank... tests described above. If so, they will also qualify as law enforcement officers. Such employees might... claiming the section 13(b)(20) exemption. (e) Employees who do not meet each of the three tests...

  18. Teen Drinking Prevention Program. Law Enforcement Action Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention.

    Law enforcement officials know the devastation that drinking can cause among the immature and the inexperienced. This guide is intended to be used by law enforcement agencies in cooperation with other segments of the community. It provides an overview of the problem of youth access to alcohol, a discussion of the legal and policy issues relating…

  19. LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER TRAINING, BASIC COURSE, UNIT II, INSTRUCTOR'S MANUAL.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    REESE, ROBERT M.; AND OTHERS

    INSTRUCTORS MAY USE THIS MANUAL IN CONDUCTING A TRAINING PROGRAM FOR INSERVICE LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS AND RECRUITS. IT WAS DEVELOPED BY A STATEWIDE COMMITTEE OF STATE LAW ENFORCEMENT CONSULTANTS, SPECIALISTS, AND AN ADVISORY COMMITTEE AND WAS TESTED BY A SUBJECT-MATTER SPECIALIST IN PILOT-CLASS STUDY. THE TRAINING PROGRAM IS DESIGNED TO PROVIDE…

  20. CORRECTIONS FOR RACIAL DISPARITIES IN LAW ENFORCEMENT

    PubMed Central

    Griffin, Christopher L.; Sloan, Frank A.; Eldred, Lindsey M.

    2016-01-01

    Much empirical analysis has documented racial disparities at the beginning and end stages of a criminal case. However, our understanding about the perpetuation of — and even corrections for — differential outcomes as the process unfolds remains less than complete. This Article provides a comprehensive examination of criminal dispositions using all DWI cases in North Carolina during the period 2001–2011, focusing on several major decision points in the process. Starting with pretrial hearings and culminating in sentencing results, we track differences in outcomes by race and gender. Before sentencing, significant gaps emerge in the severity of pretrial release conditions that disadvantage black and Hispanic defendants. Yet when prosecutors decide whether to pursue charges, we observe an initial correction mechanism: Hispanic men are almost two-thirds more likely to have those charges dropped relative to white men. Although few cases survive after the plea bargaining stage, a second correction mechanism arises: Hispanic men are substantially less likely to receive harsher sentences and are sent to jail for significantly less time relative to white men. The first mechanism is based in part on prosecutors’ reviewing the strength of the evidence but much more on declining to invest scarce resources in the pursuit of defendants who fail to appear for trial. The second mechanism seems to follow more directly from judicial discretion to reverse decisions made by law enforcement. We discuss possible explanations for these novel empirical results and review methods for more precisely identifying causal mechanisms in criminal justice. PMID:28066033

  1. Human reliability assessment: tools for law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ryan, Thomas G.; Overlin, Trudy K.

    1997-01-01

    This paper suggests ways in which human reliability analysis (HRA) can assist the United State Justice System, and more specifically law enforcement, in enhancing the reliability of the process from evidence gathering through adjudication. HRA is an analytic process identifying, describing, quantifying, and interpreting the state of human performance, and developing and recommending enhancements based on the results of individual HRA. It also draws on lessons learned from compilations of several HRA. Given the high legal standards the Justice System is bound to, human errors that might appear to be trivial in other venues can make the difference between a successful and unsuccessful prosecution. HRA has made a major contribution to the efficiency, favorable cost-benefit ratio, and overall success of many enterprises where humans interface with sophisticated technologies, such as the military, ground transportation, chemical and oil production, nuclear power generation, commercial aviation and space flight. Each of these enterprises presents similar challenges to the humans responsible for executing action and action sequences, especially where problem solving and decision making are concerned. Nowhere are humans confronted, to a greater degree, with problem solving and decision making than are the diverse individuals and teams responsible for arrest and adjudication of criminal proceedings. This paper concludes that because of the parallels between the aforementioned technologies and the adjudication process, especially crime scene evidence gathering, there is reason to believe that the HRA technology, developed and enhanced in other applications, can be transferred to the Justice System with minimal cost and with significant payoff.

  2. CASTLE: an advanced technology partnership serving law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McCoig, Thomas M.

    1997-01-01

    The Center for Applied Science and Technology for Law Enforcement (CASTLE) is supported by the National Institute of Justice Office of Science and Technology and is establishing partnerships with the National Law Enforcement Corrections and Technology Center in Charleston, South Carolina. Additionally, CASTLE is working with the American Society of Crime Lab Directors (ASCLD) to direct effective interface with and support of state and local crime laboratories. Extremely sophisticated, often one-of-a-kind, equipment and very-capable scientific expertise are resident at U.S. federal government laboratories and, until recently, have not been applied often to law enforcement problems, particularly at the state and local level. While there have been a number of research and development programs at national laboratories sponsored by agencies such as the National Institute of Justice, most of these have been focused on long-term objectives to meet broad national needs. In discussions with local law enforcement personnel, it is apparent that there are much more immediate technology needs, which are not being addressed by nationwide programs, in fundamental areas including video and audio surveillance, trace and physical evidence sampling, and forensic laboratory analysis. In a pilot program, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), a significant component of the nation's science and technology resources located in Tennessee, recently made a commitment to support law enforcement where possible with advanced technology. ORNL formed the Center for Applied Science and Technology for Law Enforcement (CASTLE), a partnership of scientific, university, private sector, and law enforcement personnel. The goal of the CASTLE program is to apply technology at the grassroots working level to both solve crimes, to improve safety to law enforcement personnel, and to improve the overall quality of law enforcement services within the United States.

  3. 76 FR 27355 - Law Enforcement Vehicular Digital Multimedia Evidence Recording System Selection and Application...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-11

    ... of Justice Programs Law Enforcement Vehicular Digital Multimedia Evidence Recording System Selection... public, the ``Law Enforcement Vehicular Digital Multimedia Evidence Recording System Selection and... representatives, law enforcement agencies and organizations, research, development and scientific communities,...

  4. DWI [Driving While Intoxicated] Law Enforcement Training Project: Student Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnahan, James E.; And Others

    The student manual has been prepared to serve as a workbook to assist the student officer in successfully completing the Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) Law Enforcement Training Course. It is organized under 16 subject headings (orientation, alcohol and highway safety, preparation for alcohol enforcement task, detection of the drinking…

  5. Application of computer-aided dispatch in law enforcement: An introductory planning guide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sohn, R. L.; Gurfield, R. M.; Garcia, E. A.; Fielding, J. E.

    1975-01-01

    A set of planning guidelines for the application of computer-aided dispatching (CAD) to law enforcement is presented. Some essential characteristics and applications of CAD are outlined; the results of a survey of systems in the operational or planning phases are summarized. Requirements analysis, system concept design, implementation planning, and performance and cost modeling are described and demonstrated with numerous examples. Detailed descriptions of typical law enforcement CAD systems, and a list of vendor sources, are given in appendixes.

  6. Application of automatic vehicle location in law enforcement: An introductory planning guide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hansen, G. R.; Leflang, W. G.

    1976-01-01

    A set of planning guidelines for the application of automatic vehicle location (AVL) to law enforcement is presented. Some essential characteristics and applications of AVL are outlined; systems in the operational or planning phases are discussed. Requirements analysis, system concept design, implementation planning, and performance and cost modeling are described and demonstrated with numerous examples. A detailed description of a typical law enforcement AVL system, and a list of vendor sources are given in appendixes.

  7. Increasing Capacity & Changing the Culture: Volunteer Management in Law Enforcement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-01

    volunteer program. First, is their agency utilizing civilian volunteers? Second, are the agencies that presently engage volunteers capitalizing on this...human dignity, and social justice when those activities are not the source of one’s livelihood, require involvement beyond what is expected of all...law enforcement agency. This leads one to ask exactly why these circumstances exist and what is preventing law enforcement agencies from capitalizing

  8. Software radio technology and applications to law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mitola, Joseph, III

    1997-02-01

    Law enforcement use of radio includes the rapid creation of networks for the dozens of law enforcement organizations who come together in situations as diverse as the TWA 800 disaster in New York or the SunFest celebration in Palm Beach. The software radio is a proven technology for rapidly building such interoperable networks, including seamless bridging cross sub-networks of different frequency bands, channel modulations and information formats. In addition, law enforcement must manage the costs of related radio base station infrastructure, mobile units and handsets. The software radio is a collection of engineering techniques for creating radio infrastructure that can be programmed for new standards and that can be dynamically updated with new software personalities even 'over the air,' reducing the need to purchase new hardware to remain current with emerging radio interface standards. Although relatively expensive today, continuing DoD, federal and commercial investment in software radio technology will bring products within the reach of law enforcement applications within the next few years. The Modular Multifunction Information Transfer Systems (MMITS) Forum provides further impetus for cost reductions through the market efficiencies of open architecture. This article summarizes software radio technology and key trends in the marketplace including the progress of the MMITS forum. Expanded law enforcement participation in this forum would accelerate the availability of low cost products for law enforcement.

  9. Finding and applying new technologies to law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boyd, David G.

    1994-03-01

    Law enforcement officials have long recognized that a wide and dangerous gap exists in the range of tools that are available to them. The most common law enforcement tools, the nightstick and the gun, may be either too weak or too strong a response to many police situations. In violent confrontations, officers may be obliged to choose an unnecessarily strong response for lack of an effective alternative weapon. These problems demand that we persevere in the development of less than lethal weapons, that is, weapons which are designed to provide effective enforcement while at the same time minimizing the risk of life.

  10. The 1033 Program, Department of Defense Support to Law Enforcement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-08-28

    Defense to transfer defense material to federal and state agencies for use in law enforcement, particularly those associated with counter- drug and...counter-terrorism activities. The 1997 act was preceded by 1988 legislation that expanded DOD’s role in the interdiction of illicit drug trafficking. That...enforcement agencies for use in counter- drug activities. This could be done at no cost to the receiving agency. The 1997 NDAA expanded that authority

  11. Florida Law Enforcement’s Role in Agroterrorism

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-01

    referenced in numerous agroterrorism papers. Of particular concern are the OIE List A diseases which affect cattle, swine, and poultry . There are...Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), which regulates meat and poultry , and the Food and Drug Administration of the Department of Health, which oversees...is charged with administration and enforcement of the food and poultry and egg laws, and also provides support in the enforcement of other food

  12. Use of the Armed Forces for Domestic Law Enforcement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    enforcement efforts since the very beginning of the nation. From George Washington’s use of federalized state militia in 1794 to put down the Whiskey Rebellion ...call forth the militias of four states to quell the Whiskey Rebellion in Western Pennsylvania. In doing so, Washington relied exclusively upon the...a domestic law enforcement role.10 While this includes suppressing rebellion and quelling domestic violence, it also includes voter intimidation

  13. California law enforcement agencies and the mentally ill offender.

    PubMed

    Husted, J R; Charter, R A; Perrou, B

    1995-01-01

    This article reviews the results of a survey of California law enforcement agencies, designed to assess the experience of these agencies with mentally ill offenders (MIOs) and the training of their officers to interact with this population. The results suggest that most law enforcement officers are given insufficient training to identify, manage, and appropriately refer the MIOs they are increasingly likely to encounter. The data indicate that, in contrast to their training and expectations, peace officers are as likely to be called to a mental illness crisis as to a robbery. The MIO is likely to be arrested for nonviolent misdemeanors and to be screened by officers with little of the training or knowledge needed to divert them to appropriate mental health treatment. Respondents report that increased communication and cooperation between law enforcement and mental health professionals is the single greatest improvement needed for handling mental illness crises.

  14. Liability: the complicated task of licensing law enforcement technologies

    SciTech Connect

    Hops, L.W.; Overlin, T.K.

    1996-12-31

    This paper discusses a situation where a company (licensor) requires a liability policy as a condition of a license agreement, when licensing law enforcement technologies. The purpose of this discussion is to evaluate the reasons behind the need for extensive liability policies to protect licensors when marketing their law enforcement technologies to private industry. Finding a solution to the problem, therefore reducing the potential for high liability insurance costs, would be desirable. Since the risks associated with most technologies are virtually unknown, and because such technologies are used in very unpredictable legal environments, alternative ways of guaranteeing research and development enterprises that they will be covered against product liability are needed. Without such protection, licensors may require licensees to indemnify them beyond the usual guarantees provided in a licensing agreement, which may make the license too costly for smaller businesses. When the share of the market is limited to larger corporations, competition suffers and ultimately the cost to law enforcement agencies increases.

  15. [Law Enforcement Standards of Decency and Fairness].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saxbe, William B.

    Effective policemen need to have as much knowledge as possible about society; they need to be fair, like the criminal justice system they represent. Society cannot be protected unless there is full accordance with the law. Questions of concern are whether the poor man or the black man are receiving the same treatment as the rich or influential…

  16. Post-crackdown effectiveness of field-based forest law enforcement in the Brazilian Amazon.

    PubMed

    Börner, Jan; Kis-Katos, Krisztina; Hargrave, Jorge; König, Konstantin

    2015-01-01

    Regulatory enforcement of forest conservation laws is often dismissed as an ineffective approach to reducing tropical forest loss. Yet, effective enforcement is often a precondition for alternative conservation measures, such as payments for environmental services, to achieve desired outcomes. Fair and efficient policies to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) will thus crucially depend on understanding the determinants and requirements of enforcement effectiveness. Among potential REDD candidate countries, Brazil is considered to possess the most advanced deforestation monitoring and enforcement infrastructure. This study explores a unique dataset of over 15 thousand point coordinates of enforcement missions in the Brazilian Amazon during 2009 and 2010, after major reductions of deforestation in the region. We study whether local deforestation patterns have been affected by field-based enforcement and to what extent these effects vary across administrative boundaries. Spatial matching and regression techniques are applied at different spatial resolutions. We find that field-based enforcement operations have not been universally effective in deterring deforestation during our observation period. Inspections have been most effective in reducing large-scale deforestation in the states of Mato Grosso and Pará, where average conservation effects were 4.0 and 9.9 hectares per inspection, respectively. Despite regional and actor-specific heterogeneity in inspection effectiveness, field-based law enforcement is highly cost-effective on average and might be enhanced by closer collaboration between national and state-level authorities.

  17. Post-Crackdown Effectiveness of Field-Based Forest Law Enforcement in the Brazilian Amazon

    PubMed Central

    Börner, Jan; Kis-Katos, Krisztina; Hargrave, Jorge; König, Konstantin

    2015-01-01

    Regulatory enforcement of forest conservation laws is often dismissed as an ineffective approach to reducing tropical forest loss. Yet, effective enforcement is often a precondition for alternative conservation measures, such as payments for environmental services, to achieve desired outcomes. Fair and efficient policies to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) will thus crucially depend on understanding the determinants and requirements of enforcement effectiveness. Among potential REDD candidate countries, Brazil is considered to possess the most advanced deforestation monitoring and enforcement infrastructure. This study explores a unique dataset of over 15 thousand point coordinates of enforcement missions in the Brazilian Amazon during 2009 and 2010, after major reductions of deforestation in the region. We study whether local deforestation patterns have been affected by field-based enforcement and to what extent these effects vary across administrative boundaries. Spatial matching and regression techniques are applied at different spatial resolutions. We find that field-based enforcement operations have not been universally effective in deterring deforestation during our observation period. Inspections have been most effective in reducing large-scale deforestation in the states of Mato Grosso and Pará, where average conservation effects were 4.0 and 9.9 hectares per inspection, respectively. Despite regional and actor-specific heterogeneity in inspection effectiveness, field-based law enforcement is highly cost-effective on average and might be enhanced by closer collaboration between national and state-level authorities. PMID:25875656

  18. Working together: public law enforcement and private security.

    PubMed

    Jones, Harold T

    2010-01-01

    Private security forces, including hospital security professionals, provide a vast largely untapped resource for public law enforcement in a number of critical areas affecting society, the author points out. At the same time, police agencies in some communities have programs which can be used to provide additional training for private security officers.

  19. Law Enforcement Use of Threat Assessments to Predict Violence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Tracey Michelle

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative, descriptive multiple case study was to explore what process, policies and procedures, or set of empirically supported norms governed law enforcement officers in a selected county in the southwest region of the United States when threat assessments were conducted on potentially violent subjects threatening mass…

  20. Law Enforcement and Crisis Intervention Services: A Critical Relationship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cesnik, Bernard I.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    Because of their traditional base as the primary available emergency "field" service in a community, a mental health emergency program must have a cooperative working relationship with law enforcement. Presented at the Ninth Annual Meeting of the American Association of Suicidology, Los Angeles, California, April 29-May 2, 1976. (Author)

  1. The Role of Law Enforcement in Prevention. Prevention Update

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higher Education Center for Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention, 2011

    2011-01-01

    As campuses and communities across the country grapple with problems related to unruly house parties, neighborhood disruptions, and alcohol-fueled "celebratory" incidents, they are developing partnerships with law enforcement agencies to implement strategies to reduce such problems and protect the health and safety of students and residents alike.…

  2. 43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Reclamation property and on Reclamation lands; (b) To entrust law enforcement authority only to persons deemed... accordance with the spirit and intent of the Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C. 552; Department FOIA Regulations, 43 CFR 2; and 383 DM 15, Freedom of Information Act Handbook (see www.doi.gov); (g) To...

  3. 43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Reclamation property and on Reclamation lands; (b) To entrust law enforcement authority only to persons deemed... accordance with the spirit and intent of the Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C. 552; Department FOIA Regulations, 43 CFR 2; and 383 DM 15, Freedom of Information Act Handbook (see www.doi.gov); (g) To...

  4. 43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Reclamation property and on Reclamation lands; (b) To entrust law enforcement authority only to persons deemed... accordance with the spirit and intent of the Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C. 552; Department FOIA Regulations, 43 CFR 2; and 383 DM 15, Freedom of Information Act Handbook (see www.doi.gov); (g) To...

  5. 43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Reclamation property and on Reclamation lands; (b) To entrust law enforcement authority only to persons deemed... accordance with the spirit and intent of the Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C. 552; Department FOIA Regulations, 43 CFR 2; and 383 DM 15, Freedom of Information Act Handbook (see www.doi.gov); (g) To...

  6. 43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Reclamation property and on Reclamation lands; (b) To entrust law enforcement authority only to persons deemed... accordance with the spirit and intent of the Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C. 552; Department FOIA Regulations, 43 CFR 2; and 383 DM 15, Freedom of Information Act Handbook (see www.doi.gov); (g) To...

  7. Retailers' Views of Tobacco Policy and Law Enforcement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reinert, Bonita; Carver, Vivien; Range, Lillian M.; Pike, Chris

    2009-01-01

    Aims: Tobacco retailers are in a unique position to implement policies that can influence sales and ultimately tobacco use, so the present survey explored retailers' tobacco policies, involvement and problems with law enforcement, and pessimism about whether youth will obtain tobacco products. Methods: 144 randomly selected tobacco retailers…

  8. 29 CFR 553.211 - Law enforcement activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... peace and order and to protect both life and property from accidental or willful injury, and to prevent... with keeping public peace and order and protecting life and property. (d) Some of the law enforcement...) civilian traffic employees who direct vehicular and pedestrian traffic at specified intersections or...

  9. 49 CFR 1546.211 - Law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1546.211 Section 1546.211 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY FOREIGN AIR CARRIER SECURITY...

  10. 49 CFR 1542.219 - Supplementing law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Supplementing law enforcement personnel. 1542.219 Section 1542.219 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT...

  11. 49 CFR 1542.219 - Supplementing law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Supplementing law enforcement personnel. 1542.219 Section 1542.219 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT...

  12. 49 CFR 1542.219 - Supplementing law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Supplementing law enforcement personnel. 1542.219 Section 1542.219 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT...

  13. 49 CFR 1542.221 - Records of law enforcement response.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Records of law enforcement response. 1542.221 Section 1542.221 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT...

  14. 49 CFR 1542.221 - Records of law enforcement response.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Records of law enforcement response. 1542.221 Section 1542.221 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT...

  15. 49 CFR 1542.221 - Records of law enforcement response.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Records of law enforcement response. 1542.221 Section 1542.221 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT...

  16. 49 CFR 1542.221 - Records of law enforcement response.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Records of law enforcement response. 1542.221 Section 1542.221 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT...

  17. 49 CFR 1546.211 - Law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1546.211 Section 1546.211 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY FOREIGN AIR CARRIER SECURITY...

  18. 49 CFR 1546.211 - Law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1546.211 Section 1546.211 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY FOREIGN AIR CARRIER SECURITY...

  19. 49 CFR 1542.221 - Records of law enforcement response.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Records of law enforcement response. 1542.221 Section 1542.221 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT...

  20. 49 CFR 1542.219 - Supplementing law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Supplementing law enforcement personnel. 1542.219 Section 1542.219 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT...

  1. 49 CFR 1546.211 - Law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1546.211 Section 1546.211 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY FOREIGN AIR CARRIER SECURITY...

  2. 49 CFR 1546.211 - Law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Law enforcement personnel. 1546.211 Section 1546.211 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY FOREIGN AIR CARRIER SECURITY...

  3. 49 CFR 1542.219 - Supplementing law enforcement personnel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Supplementing law enforcement personnel. 1542.219 Section 1542.219 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT...

  4. 50 CFR 10.22 - Law enforcement offices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Law enforcement offices. 10.22 Section 10.22 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR TAKING, POSSESSION, TRANSPORTATION, SALE, PURCHASE, BARTER, EXPORTATION, AND IMPORTATION OF WILDLIFE AND...

  5. 50 CFR 10.22 - Law enforcement offices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Law enforcement offices. 10.22 Section 10.22 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR TAKING, POSSESSION, TRANSPORTATION, SALE, PURCHASE, BARTER, EXPORTATION, AND IMPORTATION OF WILDLIFE AND...

  6. 7 CFR 501.14 - Non-Federal law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Non-Federal law enforcement. 501.14 Section 501.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CONDUCT ON U.S. MEAT ANIMAL RESEARCH CENTER, CLAY CENTER, NEBRASKA § 501.14...

  7. 7 CFR 501.14 - Non-Federal law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Non-Federal law enforcement. 501.14 Section 501.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CONDUCT ON U.S. MEAT ANIMAL RESEARCH CENTER, CLAY CENTER, NEBRASKA § 501.14...

  8. 7 CFR 501.14 - Non-Federal law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Non-Federal law enforcement. 501.14 Section 501.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CONDUCT ON U.S. MEAT ANIMAL RESEARCH CENTER, CLAY CENTER, NEBRASKA § 501.14...

  9. 7 CFR 501.14 - Non-Federal law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Non-Federal law enforcement. 501.14 Section 501.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CONDUCT ON U.S. MEAT ANIMAL RESEARCH CENTER, CLAY CENTER, NEBRASKA § 501.14...

  10. 7 CFR 501.14 - Non-Federal law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Non-Federal law enforcement. 501.14 Section 501.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CONDUCT ON U.S. MEAT ANIMAL RESEARCH CENTER, CLAY CENTER, NEBRASKA § 501.14...

  11. Uncooled infrared thermal imaging systems for law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kyle, Robert J. S.; Van Dover, Douglas K.

    1995-05-01

    For over 18 years, Texas Instruments (TI) has been developing low cost uncooled thermal imaging technology for night vision applications. Using technology developed with support from several government agencies, TI is offering this dual-use technology in a low cost system for police cruisers and other surveillance applications. TI has teamed with Highes Aircraft to provide NIGHTSIGHTTM, now being marketed jointly. Because NIGHSIGHT is a passive thermal image, it gives law enforcement officers the ability to see in total darkness. This capability gives the uncooled system distinct advantages over image intensifiers which require some degree of visible light. It also differs from typical cryogenic or cooled IR systems because it does not contain a cryogenic cooler mechanism or a scanner which lowers the complexity, costs, size, weight, and power consumption. Police across the US have tested prototype sensors with positive results. Police officers often praise the ability to see in total darkness and report the many advantages of the system and how it changes their perspective on law enforcement. Systems have also been provided to the Drug Enforcement Agency, INS border patrol, prison security staff, Baltimore-Washington International Airport security, Texas Parks and Wildlife Service and the Los Angeles Harbor Patrol and have been used in a variety of security and surveillance situations. The paper will address the implementation of the technology; discuss barriers to use such as cost, awareness, and system understanding, and examine the impact of the technology on the effectiveness of law enforcement at night.

  12. Law enforcement duties and sudden cardiac death among police officers in United States: case distribution study

    PubMed Central

    Varvarigou, Vasileia; Farioli, Andrea; Korre, Maria; Sato, Sho; Dahabreh, Issa J

    2014-01-01

    Objective To assess the association between risk of sudden cardiac death and stressful law enforcement duties compared with routine/non-emergency duties. Design Case distribution study (case series with survey information on referent exposures). Setting United States law enforcement. Participants Summaries of deaths of over 4500 US police officers provided by the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund and the Officer Down Memorial Page from 1984 to 2010. Main outcome measures Observed and expected sudden cardiac death counts and relative risks for sudden cardiac death events during specific strenuous duties versus routine/non-emergency activities. Independent estimates of the proportion of time that police officers spend across various law enforcement duties obtained from surveys of police chiefs and front line officers. Impact of varying exposure assessments, covariates, and missing cases in sensitivity and stability analyses. Results 441 sudden cardiac deaths were observed during the study period. Sudden cardiac death was associated with restraints/altercations (25%, n=108), physical training (20%, n=88), pursuits of suspects (12%, n=53), medical/rescue operations (8%, n=34), routine duties (23%, n=101), and other activities (11%, n=57). Compared with routine/non-emergency activities, the risk of sudden cardiac death was 34-69 times higher during restraints/altercations, 32-51 times higher during pursuits, 20-23 times higher during physical training, and 6-9 times higher during medical/rescue operations. Results were robust to all sensitivity and stability analyses. Conclusions Stressful law enforcement duties are associated with a risk of sudden cardiac death that is markedly higher than the risk during routine/non-emergency duties. Restraints/altercations and pursuits are associated with the greatest risk. Our findings have public health implications and suggest that primary and secondary cardiovascular prevention efforts are needed among law

  13. Educating law enforcement officers about mental illness: nurses as teachers.

    PubMed

    Loucks, Jeannine S

    2013-07-01

    With the advent of new psychotherapeutic agents, many individuals with mental illness are living successfully in communities. However, they may become involved in situations with law enforcement officers, which may lead to potentially negative experiences. During police academy training, new officers may receive training focused on optimizing interactions with people with physical/mental disabilities; however, this may be inadequate to enable effective communication between officers and individuals with mental illness. Given the growing prevalence of mental illness, it is increasingly likely that officers will encounter such individuals. An exemplar educational program geared to staff police officers in the city of Orange, California is described. This program provides law enforcement officers with training about psychiatric disorders and affected individuals, effective communication skills, and interventions that may assist in management of field contacts with individuals with mental illness.

  14. The AFSP Standard - a lesson for law enforcement agencies.

    PubMed

    Doyle, Sean; Doyle, Dianne

    2012-03-01

    Compliance with the AFSP (Association of Forensic Science Providers) Standard [1] which concerns the formulation of an evaluative opinion requires consideration of the defence case. This can be problematic for forensic scientists working with or for law enforcement agencies. Among the aims of law enforcement agencies is to secure a conviction while in many jurisdictions the forensic scientist owes an overriding duty to the Court. This casework report demonstrates that early consideration of the defence case by a forensic scientist complying with the AFSP Standard may help rather than hinder the prosecution. The dichotomy as to a conflict of interest for the scientist between supporting the police/prosecutors and being scientifically objective is shown to be a false dichotomy. Compliance with the Standard ensures that science is a better servant of justice.

  15. Infrared signature reduction of military and law enforcement uniforms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Emery, Than; Schwarz, René

    2013-06-01

    In late 2012 SSZ Camouflage Technology, AG, and Milliken and Company joined forces to bring apparel weight fabrics with infrared signature reduction to the US military, Homeland Security, and other law enforcement agencies. By significantly reducing the thermal infrared signature of soldiers wearing these fabrics, this technology goes beyond the current visual and near infrared range (NIR) to provide concealment in the mid wave infrared range (MWIR) and long wave infrared range (LWIR) thus reducing the risk of detection from thermal infrared imagers. This infrared camouflage technology can be incorporated into a variety of performance fabrics which can provide U.S. Military, Homeland Security, and law enforcement personnel with better concealment, adding yet another layer of protection to their uniforms.n late 2012 SSZ Camouflage Technology, AG, and Milliken and Company joined forces to bring apparel weight fabrics with

  16. School Administrators and Law Enforcement Officials. A Model Policy and Rules.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartlett, Larry; And Others

    Districts should develop a procedure for the handling of their relations with law enforcement officials that balances students' and parents' rights with the responsibilities of law enforcement officials. This balance can be maintained only through a good working relationship between the school and law enforcement personnel in which each recognizes…

  17. 12 CFR 503.2 - Exemptions of records containing investigatory material compiled for law enforcement purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... with enforcing criminal or civil laws. (d) Documents exempted. Exemptions will be applied only when... material compiled for law enforcement purposes. 503.2 Section 503.2 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT... material compiled for law enforcement purposes. (a) Scope. The Office has established a system of...

  18. 12 CFR 503.2 - Exemptions of records containing investigatory material compiled for law enforcement purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... with enforcing criminal or civil laws. (d) Documents exempted. Exemptions will be applied only when... material compiled for law enforcement purposes. 503.2 Section 503.2 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT... material compiled for law enforcement purposes. (a) Scope. The Office has established a system of...

  19. Professional Development: A Six-Year Data Evaluation of HIDTA Law Enforcement Task Force Training Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burnett, Larry D.

    2012-01-01

    This is a nationwide six-year data study of law enforcement training and professional development in relationship to workplace productivity. Why do we care about law enforcement training and professional development? Because the law enforcement environment is not standing still. Unlawful activity, and in particular drug trafficking strategies,…

  20. 75 FR 22162 - Draft NIJ Duty Holster Retention Standard for Law Enforcement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-27

    ... of Justice Programs Draft NIJ Duty Holster Retention Standard for Law Enforcement AGENCY: National... Law Enforcement and Certification Program Requirements. SUMMARY: In an effort to obtain comments from... Duty Holster Retention Standard for Law Enforcement'' and (2) a draft companion document...

  1. 75 FR 69458 - Notice of Draft NIJ Law Enforcement Duty Holster Selection and Application Guide

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-12

    ... of Justice Programs Notice of Draft NIJ Law Enforcement Duty Holster Selection and Application Guide AGENCY: National Institute of Justice. ACTION: Notice of Draft NIJ Law Enforcement Duty Holster Selection... the general public the draft ``NIJ Law Enforcement Duty Holster Selection and Application Guide.''...

  2. Creating a Coordinated Game Plan: Improving Teamwork between Law Enforcement and the California National Guard

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-01

    31. 30 Smith and Rojek, LawEnforcement Lessons Learned from Hurricane Katrina (University of South Carolina Publications, May 2006), 1. 35 A...by jurisdictions planning for a major 31 Smith and Rojek, LawEnforcement Lessons Learned from...35 Smith and Rojek, LawEnforcement Lessons Learned from Hurricane Katrina,, 8. 38 clearly understood by civil

  3. Sharing Law Enforcement and Intelligence Information: The Congressional Role

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-02-13

    intelligence” agencies). They include the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the National Security Agency (NSA), the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA...National Security Act of 1947 requiring that the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) “have no police, subpoena, or law enforcement powers or internal security...Committee on Intelligence, The Intelligence Community’s Involvement in the Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (BNL) Affair, S. Prt. 103-12, February 1993, p. 27

  4. Evaluation of Courses of Fire for Law Enforcement Firearms Training

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-01

    skills, Active and Reserve Military Police (MPs) were trained on a common set of pistol exercises in either a Dry , Engagement Skills Trainer 2000 (EST...training shooting performance was measured. Results indicated that the Dry and Live Plus conditions were consistently the most effective at improving MP...performance. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Active Shooter, Military Police, Marksmanship, Simulation, Live Fire, Dry Fire, Law Enforcement, Training

  5. Law Enforcement Efforts to Control Domestically Grown Marijuana.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-05-25

    the Reform of Marijuana Laws RISS Regional Information Sharing Systems SDEA State Drug Enforcement Alliance THC delta- 9 - tetrahydrocannabinol WSIN...delta- 9 - tetrahydrocannabinol , or THC. It is the THC con- tent, found at various concentrations in different parts of the plant, which determines the...the total amount of marijuana available in the United States S in 1982 compared with an estimated 9 per- cent in 1981. The estimated total amount

  6. Microbolometer uncooled thermal imaging sensors for law enforcement applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Figler, Burton D.

    2001-02-01

    In this paper we will describe advances in microbolometer uncooled thermal imaging sensor technology as they apply to law enforcement applications. Improvements in sensor performance that will be described include: (1) reduced pixel pitch, (2) increased spatial resolution, (3) increased thermal sensitivity, (4) reduced electrical power, and (5) reduced size. Since cost considerations dominate many, if not most, potential law enforcement applications, microbolometer sensor cost issues will be addressed in terms of current and projected cost trends. In addition to the use of theoretical considerations in describing microbolometer technology advancements currently being made or planned, examples of actual improvements, in the form of real imagery and/or actual performance measurements, will be provided in the paper. Finally, we will look at those areas of law enforcement that are most likely to benefit from the application of microbolometer uncooled thermal imaging sensor technology. These include: (1) surveillance sensor systems, (2) unattended sensor systems, (3) mobile sensor systems and platforms, and (4) gunfire localization and counter sniper systems.

  7. Symptoms experienced by law enforcement personnel during methamphetamine lab investigations.

    PubMed

    Witter, Roxana Z; Martyny, John W; Mueller, Kathryn; Gottschall, Bibi; Newman, Lee S

    2007-12-01

    This study was conducted to determine if law enforcement personnel experience symptoms associated with methamphetamine lab investigation and to assess those factors that may result in more symptoms. A total of 258 standardized, self-administered surveys were distributed to law enforcement personnel attending national/regional training classes, between June 2004-February 2005. Ninety-three percent of the surveys were returned and used to determine symptoms experienced while investigating clandestine methamphetamine labs, as well as the job duties of the respondent and the personal protective equipment used. More than 70% of respondents reported headaches, central nervous system symptoms, respiratory symptoms, sore throat, and other symptoms. Unadjusted and adjusted risk of symptoms was higher for those who investigated more than 30 labs. Other significant risk factors included time spent in the lab, phase of investigation, presence of active chemical processes, and coexistent disease. Respirator use was not independently associated with the likelihood of reporting symptoms. It was concluded that methamphetamine lab investigation is positively associated with symptom reporting in a high percentage of law enforcement personnel involved in these tasks. For most individuals, the reported symptoms were transitory and diminished in a short time, but some individuals reported needing to seek medical attention with symptoms that persisted.

  8. Technical Review of Law Enforcement Standards and Guides Relative to Incident Management

    SciTech Connect

    Stenner, Robert D.; Salter, R.; Stanton, J. R.; Fisher, D.

    2009-03-24

    In an effort to locate potential law enforcement-related standards that support incident management, a team from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) contacted representatives from the National Institute of Standards-Office of Law Enforcement Standards (NIST-OLES), National Institute of Justice (NIJ), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Secret Service, ASTM International committees that have a law enforcement focus, and a variety of individuals from local and regional law enforcement organizations. Discussions were held with various state and local law enforcement organizations. The NIJ has published several specific equipment-related law enforcement standards that were included in the review, but it appears that law enforcement program and process-type standards are developed principally by organizations that operate at the state and local level. Input is provided from state regulations and codes and from external non-government organizations (NGOs) that provide national standards. The standards that are adopted from external organizations or developed independently by state authorities are available for use by local law enforcement agencies on a voluntary basis. The extent to which they are used depends on the respective jurisdictions involved. In some instances, use of state and local disseminated standards is mandatory, but in most cases, use is voluntary. Usually, the extent to which these standards are used appears to depend on whether or not jurisdictions receive certification from a “governing” entity due to their use and compliance with the standards. In some cases, these certification-based standards are used in principal but without certification or other compliance monitoring. In general, these standards appear to be routinely used for qualification, selection for employment, and training. In these standards, the term “Peace Officer” is frequently used to refer to law enforcement personnel. This technical review of national law

  9. Stress and law enforcers: testing the relationship between law enforcement work stressors and health-related issues.

    PubMed

    Avdija, Avdi S

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the relationship between law enforcement work-related stressors and health issues. Specifically, this study attempts to determine the effects of stress-producing factors (e.g. vigorous activities at work, shift change, perceived danger associated with police work, etc.) on physiological health-related issues (e.g. the number of reported health issues, high blood pressure, back pain, and headaches) and psychosocial behavior problems (e.g. alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking) among police officers. The analyses are based on a total 1632 law enforcement officers, who represent 51 police agencies in the three major cities, New York City, Dallas Texas, and Minneapolis, USA. The research findings that emerged from this study show that the number of days in vigorous activities and perceived physiological demands have the strongest influence on the number of health-related issues. Working without a partner and frequent shift changes had the strongest influence on alcohol consumption by police officers.

  10. 32 CFR 634.26 - Traffic law enforcement principles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... drivers and act promptly when driving behavior is improper or a defective vehicle is observed in operation... practice is the most effective use of resources. (c) Enforcement activities against intoxicated driving will include— (1) Detecting, apprehending, and testing persons suspected of driving under the...

  11. 32 CFR 634.26 - Traffic law enforcement principles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... drivers and act promptly when driving behavior is improper or a defective vehicle is observed in operation... practice is the most effective use of resources. (c) Enforcement activities against intoxicated driving will include— (1) Detecting, apprehending, and testing persons suspected of driving under the...

  12. 32 CFR 634.26 - Traffic law enforcement principles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... drivers and act promptly when driving behavior is improper or a defective vehicle is observed in operation... practice is the most effective use of resources. (c) Enforcement activities against intoxicated driving will include— (1) Detecting, apprehending, and testing persons suspected of driving under the...

  13. Vehicle presence analysis for law enforcement applications and parking lot management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lipetski, Yuriy; Sidla, Oliver

    2013-03-01

    The efficient and robust detection of the presence of vehicles in restricted parking areas is important for applications in law enforcement as well as for the enforcement of parking rules on private property. We present our work towards this goal aimed at the application of vehicle detection in urban environments. The method is to be suited for smart cameras which have to operate autonomously over extended periods of time. Our system is developed as part of a bigger research effort which combines onsite vehicle presence detection and an associated web management system which is intended to monitor, steer and reroute delivery vehicles.

  14. 25 CFR 166.103 - How will tribal laws be enforced on Indian agricultural land?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... enforced on Indian agricultural land? (a) Unless prohibited by federal law, we will recognize and comply with tribal laws regulating activities on Indian agricultural land, including tribal laws relating to... primarily responsible for enforcing tribal laws pertaining to Indian agricultural land, we will: (1)...

  15. 25 CFR 161.101 - How will tribal laws be enforced on the Navajo Partitioned Lands?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... WATER NAVAJO PARTITIONED LANDS GRAZING PERMITS Tribal Policies and Laws Pertaining to Permits § 161.101 How will tribal laws be enforced on the Navajo Partitioned Lands? (a) Unless prohibited by federal law... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true How will tribal laws be enforced on the Navajo...

  16. 25 CFR 166.103 - How will tribal laws be enforced on Indian agricultural land?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... WATER GRAZING PERMITS Tribal Policies and Laws Pertaining to Permits § 166.103 How will tribal laws be enforced on Indian agricultural land? (a) Unless prohibited by federal law, we will recognize and comply... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How will tribal laws be enforced on Indian...

  17. 25 CFR 166.103 - How will tribal laws be enforced on Indian agricultural land?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... WATER GRAZING PERMITS Tribal Policies and Laws Pertaining to Permits § 166.103 How will tribal laws be enforced on Indian agricultural land? (a) Unless prohibited by federal law, we will recognize and comply... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false How will tribal laws be enforced on Indian...

  18. 25 CFR 166.103 - How will tribal laws be enforced on Indian agricultural land?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... WATER GRAZING PERMITS Tribal Policies and Laws Pertaining to Permits § 166.103 How will tribal laws be enforced on Indian agricultural land? (a) Unless prohibited by federal law, we will recognize and comply... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true How will tribal laws be enforced on Indian...

  19. 25 CFR 166.103 - How will tribal laws be enforced on Indian agricultural land?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... WATER GRAZING PERMITS Tribal Policies and Laws Pertaining to Permits § 166.103 How will tribal laws be enforced on Indian agricultural land? (a) Unless prohibited by federal law, we will recognize and comply... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false How will tribal laws be enforced on Indian...

  20. A Phenomenological Exploration of Black Male Law Enforcement Officers' Perspectives of Racial Profiling and Their Law Enforcement Career Exploration and Commitment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salters, Gregory A.

    2013-01-01

    This phenomenological study explored Black male law enforcement officers' perspectives of how racial profiling shaped their decisions to explore and commit to a law enforcement career. Criterion and snow ball sampling was used to obtain the 17 participants for this study. Super's (1990) archway model was used as the theoretical…

  1. Fuzzy control and multimedia with examples from law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hackwood, Susan

    1995-06-01

    We present an extension of fuzzy controllers to include multimedia rules, i.e., rules which do not include verbal or numerical descriptors. We describe the structure and construction of such a multimedia fuzzy controller. In particular, we describe an empirical but unbiased methodology to measure, from human subjects, distances in feature space and hence determine fuzzy memberships. We also propose a practical multimedia fuzzy controller and describe its application examples are given from the law enforcement field where man-machine interactions are important and applications of the methodology described in this paper appear promising.

  2. Active Shooters: Is Law Enforcement Ready for a Mumbai Style Attack?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-01

    by law enforcement that carried a medical kit was able to save lives. Loughner was held by citizens in the crowd until the arrival of law ...IS LAW ENFORCEMENT READY FOR A MUMBAI STYLE ATTACK? by Joel M. Justice September 2013 Thesis Co-Advisors: David Brannan Patrick Miller...COVERED Master’s Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE ACTIVE SHOOTERS: IS LAW ENFORCEMENT READY FOR A MUMBAI STYLE ATTACK? 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR

  3. Compact, rugged, and intuitive thermal imaging cameras for homeland security and law enforcement applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hanson, Charles M.

    2005-05-01

    Low cost, small size, low power uncooled thermal imaging sensors have completely changed the way the world views commercial law enforcement and military applications. Key applications include security, medical, automotive, power generation monitoring, manufacturing and process control, aerospace application, defense, environmental and resource monitoring, maintenance monitoring and night vision. Commercial applications also include law enforcement and military special operations. Each application drives a unique set of requirements that include similar fundamental infrared technologies. Recently, in the uncooled infrared camera and microbolometer detector areas, major strides have been made in the design and manufacture of personal military and law enforcement sensors. L-3 Communications Infrared Products (L-3 IP) is producing a family of new products based on the amorphous silicon microbolometer with low cost, low power, high volume, wafer-level vacuum packaged silicon focal plane array technologies. These bolometer systems contain no choppers or thermoelectric coolers, require no manual calibration, and use readily available commercial off-the-shelf components. One such successful product is the Thermal-Eye X100xp. Extensive market needs analysis for these small hand held sensors has been validated by the quick acceptability into the Law Enforcement and Military Segments. As well as this product has already been received, L-3 IP has developed a strategic roadmap to improve and enhance the features and function of this product to include upgrades such as the new 30-Hz, 30-μm pitch detector. This paper describes advances in bolometric focal plane arrays, optical and circuit card technologies while providing a glimpse into the future of micro hand held sensor growth. Also, technical barriers are addressed in light of constraints, lessons learned and boundary conditions. One conclusion is that the Thermal Eye Silicon Bolometer technology simultaneously drives weight

  4. 25 CFR 12.31 - Are there any minimum employment standards for Indian country law enforcement personnel?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... standards, for all BIA law enforcement, detention, and conservation enforcement occupational series. The... country law enforcement personnel? 12.31 Section 12.31 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Qualifications and Training Requirements § 12.31...

  5. Intelligence and Law Enforcement: Countering Transnational Threats to the U.S.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-12-03

    issues—that have required the most extensive collaboration between law enforcement and intelligence agencies. 2 Testimony of Director of Central ...The Director of Central Intelligence (DCI), George Tenet, in his annual assessment of national security challenges in February 2001, renewed the heavy...makes them harder to identify and disrupt–are emerging. We are seeing few centrally controlled operations, and more acts initiated and executed at

  6. Electronic aroma detection technology for forensic and law enforcement applications

    SciTech Connect

    Barshick, S.-A.; Griest, W.H.; Vass, A.A.

    1996-12-31

    A major problem hindering criminal investigations is the lack of appropriate tools for proper crime scene investigations. Often locating important pieces of evidence means relying on the ability of trained detection canines. Development of analytical technology to uncover and analyze evidence, potentially at the scene, could serve to expedite criminal investigations, searches, and court proceedings. To address this problem, a new technology based on gas sensor arrays was investigated for its applicability to forensic and law enforcement problems. The technology employs an array of sensors that respond to volatile chemical components yielding a characteristic `fingerprint` pattern representative of the vapor- phase composition of a sample. Sample aromas can be analyzed and identified using artificial neural networks that are trained on known aroma patterns. Several candidate applications based on known technological needs of the forensic and law enforcement communities have been investigated. These applications have included the detection of aromas emanating from cadavers to aid in determining time since death, drug detection for deterring the manufacture, sale, and use of drugs of abuse, and the analysis of fire debris for accelerant identification. The results to date for these applications have been extremely promising and demonstrate the potential applicability of this technology for forensic use.

  7. Electronic aroma detection technology for forensic and law enforcement applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barshick, Stacy-Ann; Griest, Wayne H.; Vass, Arpad A.

    1997-02-01

    A major problem hindering criminal investigations is the lack of appropriate tools for proper crime scene investigations. Often locating important pieces of evidence means relying on the ability of trained detection canines. Development of analytical technology to uncover and analyze evidence, potentially at the scene, could serve to expedite criminal investigations, searches, and court proceedings. To address this problem, a new technology based on gas sensor arrays was investigated for its applicability to forensic and law enforcement problems. The technology employs an array of sensors that respond to volatile chemical components yielding a characteristic 'fingerprint' pattern representative of the vapor-phase composition of a sample. Sample aromas can be analyzed and identified using artificial neural networks that are trained on known aroma patterns. Several candidate applications based on known technological needs of the forensic and law enforcement communities have been investigated. These applications have included the detection of aromas emanating from cadavers to aid in determining time since death, drug detection for deterring the manufacture, sale, and use of drugs of abuse, and the analysis of fire debris for accelerant identification. The result to date for these applications have been extremely promising and demonstrate the potential applicability of this technology for forensic use.

  8. Assessing the impact of harm reduction programs on law enforcement in Southeast Asia: a description of a regional research methodology

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    For over 15 years the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) has been a leading donor for harm reduction projects in Southeast Asia. The recent AusAID-supported harm reduction projects of greatest significance have included the Asia Regional HIV/AIDS Project (AHRP), from 2002 until 2007,1 and the HIV/AIDS Asia Regional Program (HAARP), from 2007 until 2015.2 Both projects included in their design specific strategies for engaging with law enforcement agencies at country level. The main focus of these strategies has been to develop law enforcement harm reduction policy and curriculum, and the design and implementation of specific harm reduction training for law enforcement officers. In July 2008, the Australian Development Research Awards (ADRA) funded the Nossal Institute for Global Health at the University of Melbourne to establish a research project created to assess the influence of harm reduction programs on the policy and operational practices of law enforcement agencies in Southeast Asia, known as the LEHRN Project (Law Enforcement, Harm Reduction, Nossal Institute Project). The ADRA is a unique grant research mechanism that specifically funds development research to improve the understanding and informed decision making of the implementation of Australian aid effectiveness. While the need to engage law enforcement when establishing harm reduction programs was well documented, little was known about the impact or influence of harm reduction programs on policy and practices of law enforcement agencies. The LEHRN Project provided the opportunity to assess the impact of harm reduction programs on law enforcement in Southeast Asia, with a focus on Vietnam, Cambodia and Lao PDR. PMID:22769050

  9. Assessing the impact of harm reduction programs on law enforcement in Southeast Asia: a description of a regional research methodology.

    PubMed

    Thomson, Nick; Moore, Tim; Crofts, Nick

    2012-07-09

    For over 15 years the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) has been a leading donor for harm reduction projects in Southeast Asia. The recent AusAID-supported harm reduction projects of greatest significance have included the Asia Regional HIV/AIDS Project (AHRP), from 2002 until 2007,1 and the HIV/AIDS Asia Regional Program (HAARP), from 2007 until 2015.2 Both projects included in their design specific strategies for engaging with law enforcement agencies at country level. The main focus of these strategies has been to develop law enforcement harm reduction policy and curriculum, and the design and implementation of specific harm reduction training for law enforcement officers.In July 2008, the Australian Development Research Awards (ADRA) funded the Nossal Institute for Global Health at the University of Melbourne to establish a research project created to assess the influence of harm reduction programs on the policy and operational practices of law enforcement agencies in Southeast Asia, known as the LEHRN Project (Law Enforcement, Harm Reduction, Nossal Institute Project). The ADRA is a unique grant research mechanism that specifically funds development research to improve the understanding and informed decision making of the implementation of Australian aid effectiveness.While the need to engage law enforcement when establishing harm reduction programs was well documented, little was known about the impact or influence of harm reduction programs on policy and practices of law enforcement agencies. The LEHRN Project provided the opportunity to assess the impact of harm reduction programs on law enforcement in Southeast Asia, with a focus on Vietnam, Cambodia and Lao PDR.

  10. Integrating smart container technology into existing shipping and law enforcement infrastructure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferriere, Dale; Pysareva, Khrystyna; Rucinski, Andrzej

    2006-05-01

    While there has been important research and development in the area of smart container technologies, no system design methodologies have yet emerged for integrating this technology into the existing shipping and law enforcement infrastructure. A successful deployment of smart containers requires a precise understanding of how to integrate this new technology into the existing shipping and law enforcement infrastructure, how to establish communication interoperability, and how to establish procedures and protocols related to the operation of smart containers. In addition, this integration needs to be seamless, unobtrusive to commerce, and cost-effective. In order to address these issues, we need to answer the following series of questions: 1) Who will own and operate the smart container technology; 2) Who will be responsible for monitoring the smart container data and notifying first responders; 3) What communication technologies currently used by first responders might be adopted for smart container data transmission; and 4) How will existing cargo manifest data be integrated into smart container data. In short, we need to identify the best practices for smart container ownership and operation. In order to help provide answers to these questions, we have surveyed a sample group of representatives from law enforcement, first responder, regulatory, and private sector organizations. This paper presents smart container infrastructure best practices recommendations obtained from the results of the survey.

  11. 36 CFR 902.57 - Investigatory files compiled for law enforcement purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... and in the case of a record compiled by a criminal law enforcement authority in the courts of a... not only of criminal statutes but all kinds of laws. ... for law enforcement purposes. 902.57 Section 902.57 Parks, Forests, and Public Property...

  12. 36 CFR 902.57 - Investigatory files compiled for law enforcement purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... and in the case of a record compiled by a criminal law enforcement authority in the courts of a... not only of criminal statutes but all kinds of laws. ... for law enforcement purposes. 902.57 Section 902.57 Parks, Forests, and Public Property...

  13. 36 CFR 902.57 - Investigatory files compiled for law enforcement purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... and in the case of a record compiled by a criminal law enforcement authority in the courts of a... not only of criminal statutes but all kinds of laws. ... for law enforcement purposes. 902.57 Section 902.57 Parks, Forests, and Public Property...

  14. 36 CFR 902.57 - Investigatory files compiled for law enforcement purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... and in the case of a record compiled by a criminal law enforcement authority in the courts of a... not only of criminal statutes but all kinds of laws. ... for law enforcement purposes. 902.57 Section 902.57 Parks, Forests, and Public Property...

  15. 36 CFR 902.57 - Investigatory files compiled for law enforcement purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... and in the case of a record compiled by a criminal law enforcement authority in the courts of a... not only of criminal statutes but all kinds of laws. ... for law enforcement purposes. 902.57 Section 902.57 Parks, Forests, and Public Property...

  16. 25 CFR 12.41 - Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement activities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement... INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Records and Information § 12.41 Who keeps statistics for Indian country... the same reporting format and submit the same statistical reports to the Office of Law...

  17. 25 CFR 12.41 - Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement activities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement... INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Records and Information § 12.41 Who keeps statistics for Indian country... the same reporting format and submit the same statistical reports to the Office of Law...

  18. 25 CFR 12.41 - Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement activities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement... INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Records and Information § 12.41 Who keeps statistics for Indian country... the same reporting format and submit the same statistical reports to the Office of Law...

  19. 25 CFR 12.41 - Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement activities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement... INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Records and Information § 12.41 Who keeps statistics for Indian country... the same reporting format and submit the same statistical reports to the Office of Law...

  20. 25 CFR 12.41 - Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement activities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Who keeps statistics for Indian country law enforcement... INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Records and Information § 12.41 Who keeps statistics for Indian country... the same reporting format and submit the same statistical reports to the Office of Law...

  1. [Treasury Law Enforcement School. Course 14. "Evidence." Student Guide, Text, and Handout.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of the Treasury, Washington, DC. Consolidated Law Enforcement Training Center.

    This packet of three booklets, which includes a student guide, textbook, and handbook, is illustrative of other booklets available from the Treasury Law Enforcement School designed for training law enforcement officers in Federal law. The material in this course, related primarily to criminal cases, focuses on presenting evidence to the court to…

  2. 20 CFR 402.105 - Exemption seven for withholding records: Law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... enforcement purposes. The records may apply to actual or potential violations of either criminal or civil laws... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Exemption seven for withholding records: Law... INFORMATION AND RECORDS TO THE PUBLIC § 402.105 Exemption seven for withholding records: Law enforcement....

  3. 20 CFR 402.105 - Exemption seven for withholding records: Law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... enforcement purposes. The records may apply to actual or potential violations of either criminal or civil laws... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Exemption seven for withholding records: Law... INFORMATION AND RECORDS TO THE PUBLIC § 402.105 Exemption seven for withholding records: Law enforcement....

  4. 20 CFR 402.105 - Exemption seven for withholding records: Law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... enforcement purposes. The records may apply to actual or potential violations of either criminal or civil laws... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Exemption seven for withholding records: Law... INFORMATION AND RECORDS TO THE PUBLIC § 402.105 Exemption seven for withholding records: Law enforcement....

  5. 20 CFR 402.105 - Exemption seven for withholding records: Law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... enforcement purposes. The records may apply to actual or potential violations of either criminal or civil laws... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Exemption seven for withholding records: Law... INFORMATION AND RECORDS TO THE PUBLIC § 402.105 Exemption seven for withholding records: Law enforcement....

  6. 20 CFR 402.105 - Exemption seven for withholding records: Law enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... enforcement purposes. The records may apply to actual or potential violations of either criminal or civil laws... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exemption seven for withholding records: Law... INFORMATION AND RECORDS TO THE PUBLIC § 402.105 Exemption seven for withholding records: Law enforcement....

  7. 25 CFR 161.101 - How will tribal laws be enforced on the Navajo Partitioned Lands?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... AND WATER NAVAJO PARTITIONED LANDS GRAZING PERMITS Tribal Policies and Laws Pertaining to Permits § 161.101 How will tribal laws be enforced on the Navajo Partitioned Lands? (a) Unless prohibited by... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false How will tribal laws be enforced on the...

  8. 25 CFR 161.101 - How will tribal laws be enforced on the Navajo Partitioned Lands?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... AND WATER NAVAJO PARTITIONED LANDS GRAZING PERMITS Tribal Policies and Laws Pertaining to Permits § 161.101 How will tribal laws be enforced on the Navajo Partitioned Lands? (a) Unless prohibited by... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false How will tribal laws be enforced on the...

  9. 25 CFR 161.101 - How will tribal laws be enforced on the Navajo Partitioned Lands?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... AND WATER NAVAJO PARTITIONED LANDS GRAZING PERMITS Tribal Policies and Laws Pertaining to Permits § 161.101 How will tribal laws be enforced on the Navajo Partitioned Lands? (a) Unless prohibited by... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How will tribal laws be enforced on the...

  10. Preparing the National Capital Region to Conduct a Multijurisdictional and Interdisciplinary Law Enforcement Investigation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-01

    Military Education LE Law Enforcement LEO Law Enforcement Online LES Law Enforcement Sensitive MAA Mutual Aid Assistance MACS Multiagency...jurisdictions overlap, except that COG has two additional Maryland counties and two additional municipalities. There is ample data online and in the...there are a number of FEMA-sponsored online and classroom NIMS training programs (e.g., IS-100, IS-700, ICS-200, ICS-300, ICS-400). There are articles

  11. Law Enforcement Methods for Counterinsurgency Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-05-26

    organized crime. More specific use of gang, street gang, Mafia, La Cosa Nostra or named organizations is used where appropriate. The selection of...42 John Pike, “La Cosa Nostra ,” www.fas.org/irp/world/para/lcn.htm, 1. 43 Dennis J. Kenney and James O. Finckenauer, Organized Crime in America...as long as ten years. These efforts have greatly reduced the size and span of organized crime. La Cosa Nostra , a synonym for Italian crime families

  12. Distribution and integration of databases across law enforcement agencies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Briceno, Robin

    1997-02-01

    One of the biggest issues facing the law enforcement community today is the integration of multiple disparate legacy systems with new systems and Commercial-Off-the-Shelf (COTS) products. It is an inherent characteristic of the law enforcement process that multiple agencies and multiple systems are involved in the processing of a single individual from the time of booking to final incarceration, and eventual release. A standard life cycle could be described as follows: arrest/booking, court arraignment, court trial and/or warrant generation, jail/probation, and release/parole. The processing associated with each of these events is often the responsibility of different agencies using different systems but they all must maintain the same information about the individual and the arrest (including photographs, fingerprints, data about the individual, and data about the arrest). Today's difficult is that in many jurisdictions, the same data must be captured multiple times, as the individual passes through different agencies and phases. This replication of the data entry process introduces inaccuracies and inconsistencies into the databases, as well as, increases the manual labor associated with the processing of an individual through the criminal justice system. The challenge for the future is to capture this data once and disseminate this data to all `interested' parties. Interested parties could be other applications within the same agency, local court systems, local prosection systems, state systems, and Federal systems. The other challenge is to architect a solution where multiple disparate legacy systems, newly developed systems, and COTS systems can be integrated together into an architecture which will provide the ability to easily incorporate new technologies or new systems as they become available. This paper will present the integrated solution developed by SAIC where digital photographs, fingerprints, and identification and booking data are collected during

  13. 43 CFR 422.10 - Requirements for authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Requirements for authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority. 422.10 Section 422.10 Public Lands: Interior Regulations... exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority. (a) The CLEO must ensure that each officer receiving...

  14. 43 CFR 422.10 - Requirements for authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Requirements for authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority. 422.10 Section 422.10 Public Lands: Interior Regulations... exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority. (a) The CLEO must ensure that each officer receiving...

  15. 43 CFR 422.10 - Requirements for authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Requirements for authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority. 422.10 Section 422.10 Public Lands: Interior Regulations... exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority. (a) The CLEO must ensure that each officer receiving...

  16. 5 CFR 842.405 - Air traffic controllers, firefighters, law enforcement officers, and nuclear materials couriers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... RETIREMENT SYSTEM-BASIC ANNUITY Computations § 842.405 Air traffic controllers, firefighters, law enforcement... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Air traffic controllers, firefighters, law enforcement officers, and nuclear materials couriers. 842.405 Section 842.405...

  17. 5 CFR 842.405 - Air traffic controllers, firefighters, law enforcement officers, and nuclear materials couriers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... RETIREMENT SYSTEM-BASIC ANNUITY Computations § 842.405 Air traffic controllers, firefighters, law enforcement... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Air traffic controllers, firefighters, law enforcement officers, and nuclear materials couriers. 842.405 Section 842.405...

  18. 34 CFR 99.8 - What provisions apply to records of a law enforcement unit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What provisions apply to records of a law enforcement unit? 99.8 Section 99.8 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education FAMILY EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS AND PRIVACY General § 99.8 What provisions apply to records of a law enforcement unit? (a)(1)...

  19. Three Essays on Law Enforcement and Emergency Response Information Sharing and Collaboration: An Insider Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Treglia, Joseph V.

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation identifies what may be done to overcome barriers to information sharing among federal, tribal, state, and local law enforcement agencies and emergency responders. Social, technical, and policy factors related to information sharing and collaboration in the law enforcement and emergency response communities are examined. This…

  20. Future Law Enforcement Officers and Social Workers: Perceptions of Domestic Violence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMullan, Elizabeth C.; Carlan, Philip E.; Nored, Lisa S.

    2010-01-01

    This study compares perceptions of domestic violence for college students planning to work in law enforcement with students aspiring to careers in social work and non-law-enforcement criminal justice (N = 491). The study involves students attending four public universities across one Southern state who completed a survey (spring of 2006) measuring…

  1. Priorities for the Coverage of Law Enforcement News: Perceptions of Citizens, Police, and Media Gatekeepers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fielder, Virginia Dodge

    This study investigated the priorities for coverage of law enforcement news, of three groups: 146 citizens from the St. Louis, Missouri, metropolitan area, 60 of the 68 police officers serving their communities, and 33 media personnel from the area. Subjects from all three groups were asked to rank stories about law enforcement in terms of their…

  2. 43 CFR 422.10 - Requirements for authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Requirements for authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority. 422.10 Section 422.10 Public Lands: Interior Regulations... exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority. (a) The CLEO must ensure that each officer receiving...

  3. 75 FR 57049 - Extension of Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review: Office of Law Enforcement...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-17

    .... Form(s): TSA Form 1164. Affected Public: Law Enforcement Officers/Air Marshal Applicants. Abstract: TSA... SECURITY Transportation Security Administration Extension of Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review: Office of Law Enforcement/Federal Air Marshal Service Mental Health Certification...

  4. 31 CFR Appendix K to Subpart A of... - Federal Law Enforcement Training Center

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, Glynco, GA 31524. 3. Requests for records. Initial determinations... Center, Department of the Treasury, Building 94, Glynco, GA 31524. Requests may be delivered personally to the Management Analysis Division, Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, Building 94, Glynco,...

  5. Toward a Common Standard: The Role of Law Enforcement at WMD Incidents

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-01

    York City model, and the U.S. Bomb Squad and United Kingdom law enforcement chemical/biological/ radiological /nuclear training programs are examined as...City model, and the U.S. Bomb Squad and United Kingdom law enforcement chemical/biological/ radiological /nuclear training programs are examined as...14 D. THE LACK OF MANDATORY FEDERAL CHEMICAL/BIOLOGICAL/ RADIOLOGICAL DETECTION EQUIPMENT STANDARDS

  6. 43 CFR 422.5 - Responsibilities of the Law Enforcement Administrator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Responsibilities of the Law Enforcement Administrator. 422.5 Section 422.5 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION...

  7. 43 CFR 422.7 - Authorization to perform law enforcement duties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authorization to perform law enforcement duties. 422.7 Section 422.7 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS...

  8. 43 CFR 422.6 - Responsibilities of the Chief Law Enforcement Officer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Responsibilities of the Chief Law Enforcement Officer. 422.6 Section 422.6 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF... facilities and on Federal project lands are duly authorized under § 422.7; (b) Law enforcement...

  9. 43 CFR 422.9 - Reclamation law enforcement contracts and cooperative agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reclamation law enforcement contracts and cooperative agreements. 422.9 Section 422.9 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF...

  10. 43 CFR 422.8 - Requirements for law enforcement functions and programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Requirements for law enforcement functions and programs. 422.8 Section 422.8 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF...

  11. 43 CFR 422.10 - Requirements for authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority. 422.10 Section 422.10 Public Lands: Interior Regulations... exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority. (a) The CLEO must ensure that each officer receiving an... order preventing him/her from possessing a firearm; (7) Has no physical impairments that will...

  12. Recruiting & Retaining Women: A Self-Assessment Guide for Law Enforcement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrington, Penny E.

    This document presents information, guidelines, and resource materials to help law enforcement administrators address issues related to recruiting and retaining women in law enforcement. Its 14 chapters contain the following sections: statement of the problem; legal issues; possible solutions, model policies, and practices; expert assistance,…

  13. Safer Schools: Strategies for Educators and Law Enforcement Seeking To Prevent Violence within Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Crime Prevention Council, Washington, DC.

    Shootings in schools have alarmed parents, teachers, students, community leaders, administrators, and law-enforcement officials. Issues of violence and the presence of weapons in schools will surface as the new school year starts. Local news media will want to know what school and law-enforcement officials have done to ensure that school shootings…

  14. Third Annual Report of the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA), Fiscal Year 1971.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (Dept. of Justice), Washington, DC.

    The role of the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA) is to reduce crime and delinquency by encouraging and assisting states in developing comprehensive plans to fight crime, by providing massive Federal funding to carry out those plans, by undertaking research in law enforcement, and by providing leadership and guidance to state and…

  15. Reducing Traffic Fatalities in the American States by Upgrading Seat Belt Use Laws to Primary Enforcement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston, David J.; Richardson, Lilliard E., Jr.

    2006-01-01

    A key component of crime deterrence is the certainty of detection, but in 2005 seat belt laws in 27 states prohibited law enforcement officers from ticketing an observed violation unless the driver is stopped for another offense, which is referred to as secondary enforcement. Thirteen states and the District of Columbia have upgraded from…

  16. Law Enforcement Technology (Police Science Technology). A Suggested Two-Year Post High School Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    University Research Corp., Bethesda, MD.

    The suggested curriculum guide for law enforcement (police science) programs was designed to assist those responsible for implementing a course of study that is becoming a job requirement prior to employment in police service. Law enforcement education programs are discussed in terms of background, police roles, employment opportunities, and…

  17. 21 CFR 201.125 - Drugs for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Drugs for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. 201.125 Section 201.125 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... § 201.125 Drugs for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. A drug subject to §...

  18. 21 CFR 201.125 - Drugs for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Drugs for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. 201.125 Section 201.125 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... § 201.125 Drugs for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. A drug subject to §...

  19. 21 CFR 201.125 - Drugs for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Drugs for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. 201.125 Section 201.125 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... § 201.125 Drugs for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. A drug subject to §...

  20. 21 CFR 201.125 - Drugs for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Drugs for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. 201.125 Section 201.125 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... § 201.125 Drugs for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. A drug subject to §...

  1. 21 CFR 201.125 - Drugs for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Drugs for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. 201.125 Section 201.125 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... § 201.125 Drugs for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. A drug subject to §...

  2. Law Enforcement Information and the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Bar Association, Chicago, IL.

    The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) pertains broadly to education records, though an institution can exempt its law enforcement records from FERPA coverage. The primary purpose of this report was to examine FERPA's effect on the flow of information between institutions of higher education and law enforcement agencies. Study…

  3. 21 CFR 801.125 - Medical devices for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Directions for Use § 801.125 Medical devices for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. A... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Medical devices for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. 801.125 Section 801.125 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG...

  4. 21 CFR 801.125 - Medical devices for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Directions for Use § 801.125 Medical devices for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. A... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Medical devices for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. 801.125 Section 801.125 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG...

  5. 21 CFR 801.125 - Medical devices for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Directions for Use § 801.125 Medical devices for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. A... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Medical devices for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. 801.125 Section 801.125 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG...

  6. 21 CFR 801.125 - Medical devices for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Directions for Use § 801.125 Medical devices for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. A... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Medical devices for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. 801.125 Section 801.125 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG...

  7. 21 CFR 801.125 - Medical devices for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Directions for Use § 801.125 Medical devices for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. A... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Medical devices for use in teaching, law enforcement, research, and analysis. 801.125 Section 801.125 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG...

  8. Injuries to law enforcement officers: the backface signature injury.

    PubMed

    Wilhelm, Marianne; Bir, Cynthia

    2008-01-15

    In today's law enforcement community, one of the most vital tools an officer can possess is personal body armor. However, a recent Department of Justice investigation has raised important questions regarding the protection actually afforded officers through the use of personal body armor, and the current test methods used to assess the armor. Test results show that most Zylon-containing vests showed deformations in excess of the 0101.04 Standard's 44 mm backface signature limit. Such increased deformation can lead to serious injuries, including backface signature injuries, which have occurred in the field. Although the vest is successful in containing the round, it is not effectively dissipating the energy enough to prevent large amounts of vest deformation at the area of impact. Therefore, open, penetrating wounds occur even though the bullet did not penetrate the vest. The objective of the current study was to further define the backface signature injury through the use of case studies and laboratory experiments. Following the case study investigation, backface signature testing was conducted using a clay medium based on the NIJ 0101.04 Standard. The final component of this research involved the use of post-mortem human specimens (PMHS) for further investigation of the backface signature injury. Although the underlying cause of backface signature injuries is unknown, energy density is likely to play a role in the mechanism. Energy density (E/a) is defined as the energy per unit area and has been previously used in less lethal skin penetration research. Further research into the underlying causes of backface signature injuries is necessary. In addition to armor testing, the study of law enforcement personnel who have been shot while wearing soft body armor is also a valuable tool for determining the effectiveness of certification standards. Finally, it is important for medical personnel to recognize the backface signature injury and document this as a type of

  9. 25 CFR 162.202 - How will tribal laws be enforced on agricultural land?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How will tribal laws be enforced on agricultural land... agricultural land? (a) Unless prohibited by federal law, we will recognize and comply with tribal laws regulating activities on agricultural land, including tribal laws relating to land use,...

  10. Associations Between Sociodemographics and Safety Belt Use in States With and Without Primary Enforcement Laws

    PubMed Central

    Beck, Laurie F.; Shults, Ruth A.; Mack, Karin A.; Ryan, George W.

    2007-01-01

    Objectives.secondary enforcement laws (police may issue a safety belt citation only if the vehicle has been stopped for another reason). Methods. We analyzed 2002 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 50 states and the District of Columbia. We performed multivariable, log-linear regression analyses to assess the effect of sociodemographic characteristics and safety belt laws on safety belt use. Analyses were stratified by the type of enforcement permitted by state laws. Results. Reported safety belt use was higher in states that had primary versus secondary enforcement laws, both overall and for each sociodemographic characteristic examined. Safety belt use was 85% in states that had primary enforcement laws and 74% in states that had secondary enforcement laws. Cross-sectional data suggested that primary enforcement laws may have the greatest effect on sociodemographic groups that reported lower levels of safety belt use. Conclusions. Primary enforcement laws are an effective population-based strategy for reducing disparities in safety belt use and may, therefore, reduce disparities in crash-related injuries and fatalities. PMID:17666699

  11. The Sandbox Strategy: The Why and How of Federal Law Enforcement Integration

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-01

    ICE, as DHS’ largest investigative agency, should be leading law enforcement’s fight against terror. However, ICE is unable to assume this role ...administration of federal law enforcement agencies, the import of his theory transcends the interagency law enforcement relationships and exposes the...regulation, was the principal manner in which social wrongs were righted. In this model, the judiciary assumed a primary role in “policing

  12. Forest law compliance and enforcement: the case of on-farm timber extraction in Ghana.

    PubMed

    Hansen, Christian P

    2011-03-01

    The paper investigates law compliance in case of on-farm timber extraction in Ghana. It empirically investigates compliance with rules that (i) require timber operators to obtain prior and informed consent from the farmers, (ii) require timber operators to pay appropriate and timely compensation for crop damage caused by timber extraction and (iii) ban chainsaw lumbering. The study documents a low level of compliance in all three domains. Subsequently, the paper discusses the underlying causes for the observed low compliance. The low compliance level is attributed to a legislation, and enforcement, that provides huge financial incentives for non-compliance for both farmers and timber operators, and in the latter case both with and without legal permits. At the same time the regulation is perceived to violate their moral values. The paper underlines the interests of the political elite as decisive in shaping the current regulation and the way it is implemented on the ground. It asserts that eliciting compliance requires consideration of both the instrumental and normative perspectives; else it becomes illusive. The study thus challenges the typical response of governments in developing countries, who, supported by donor agencies, attempt to elicit compliance through enhanced law enforcement efforts. The results presented on the Ghana case suggest that such an approach is unlikely to elicit compliance.

  13. 75 FR 78268 - Draft NIJ Selection and Application Guide to Ballistic-Resistant Body Armor for Law Enforcement...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-15

    ... Law Enforcement, Corrections, and Public Safety AGENCY: National Institute of Justice. ACTION: Notice of Draft NIJ Selection and Application Guide to Ballistic-Resistant Body Armor for Law Enforcement... for Law Enforcement, Corrections, and Public Safety.'' The opportunity to provide comments on...

  14. Criminal Justice Education: Investigation of Retention, Self-Efficacy, and Teaching Style in College Based versus Law Enforcement Academies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drummond, Frank J.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate measures of retention, self-efficacy, and teaching style in a college based law enforcement program versus an agency based law enforcement academy on the west coast through survey methods. A total of 35 law enforcement based academy instructors (i.e., Modesto) and 30 college based academy instructors…

  15. 33 CFR 187.107 - What information must be made available to assist law enforcement officials and what information...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... available to assist law enforcement officials and what information may be made available? 187.107 Section... What information must be made available to assist law enforcement officials and what information may be... by law enforcement officials: (1) Vessel identifier(s), as required by § 187.9. (2) Notice of...

  16. Operational Law Handbook 2002

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    NOT on Active Duty) IFF Identification, Friend or Foe IFR Instrument Flight Rules IFV Infantry Fighting Vehicle IG Inspector General IMA...Forces Agreement SOMA Status of Mission Agreement SOP Standing Operating Procedure SME Subject Matter Expert SPCM Special Court-Martial SPCMCA

  17. Operational Law Handbook,2007

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-25

    Performed while NOT on Active Duty) IFF Identification, Friend or Foe IFR Instrument Flight Rules IFV Infantry Fighting Vehicle IG Inspector General...Operating Procedure SME Subject Matter Expert SPCM Special Court-Martial SPCMCA Special Court-Martial Convening Authority SPT Support SOUTHCOM

  18. Buried object remote detection technology for law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    del Grande, Nancy K.; Clark, Gregory A.; Durbin, Philip F.; Fields, David J.; Hernandez, Jose E.; Sherwood, Robert J.

    1991-08-01

    A precise airborne temperature-sensing technology to detect buried objects for use by law enforcement is developed. Demonstrations have imaged the sites of buried foundations, walls and trenches; mapped underground waterways and aquifers; and been used to locate underground military objects. The methodology is incorporated in a commercially available, high signal-to-noise, dual-band infrared scanner with real-time, 12-bit digital image processing software and display. The method creates color-coded images based on surface temperature variations of 0.2 degree(s)C. Unlike other less-sensitive methods, it maps true (corrected) temperatures by removing the (decoupled) surface emissivity mask equivalent to 1 degree(s)C or 2 degree(s)C; this mask hinders interpretation of apparent (blackbody) temperatures. Once removed, it is possible to identify surface temperature patterns from small diffusivity changes at buried object sites which heat and cool differently from their surroundings. Objects made of different materials and buried at different depths are identified by their unique spectral, spatial, thermal, temporal, emissivity and diffusivity signatures. The authors have successfully located the sites of buried (inert) simulated land mines 0.1 to 0.2 m deep; sod-covered rock pathways alongside dry ditches, deeper than 0.2 m; pavement covered burial trenches and cemetery structures as deep as 0.8 m; and aquifers more than 6 m and less than 60 m deep. The technology could be adapted for drug interdiction and pollution control. For the former, buried tunnels, underground structures built beneath typical surface structures, roof-tops disguised by jungle canopies, and covered containers used for contraband would be located. For the latter, buried waste containers, sludge migration pathways from faulty containers, and the juxtaposition of groundwater channels, if present, nearby, would be depicted. The precise airborne temperature-sensing technology has a promising potential

  19. Enforcement following 0.08% BAC law change: Sex-specific consequences of changing arrest practices?

    PubMed Central

    Schwartz, Jennifer; Davaran, Ardavan

    2013-01-01

    This research evaluated effects of stricter 0.08% BAC drunken driving law on changes in sex-specific DUI arrest rates, controlling for increased law enforcement resources and shifts in DUI-related behaviors. Another main purpose, the study assessed female/male differences in arrest increases due to broader enforcement standards and efforts. Panel data was assembled for 24 states over 1990–2007 on DUI arrests, alcohol policy, law enforcement resources, drinking and drunken driving prevalence. Two-way fixed-effects seemingly unrelated regression models predicted female versus male changes in DUI arrests following implementation of lower legal limits of intoxication, net controls. Findings suggest, first, a broader legal definition of drunken driving intending to officially sanction less serious offenders (0.08% vs. 0.10% BAC) was associated with increased DUI arrests for both sexes. Second, growth in specialized DUI-enforcement units also was related to increased arrests. Whereas male and female arrest trends were equally affected by the direct net-widening effects of 0.08% BAC alcohol-policy, specialized DUI-enforcement efforts to dig deeper into the offender-pool had stronger arrest-producing effects on females, particularly prior to law change. Specifying how changes in law and enforcement resources affect arrest outcomes is an important precursor to alcohol-policy analyses of effectiveness. A potential unintended consequence, effects of law and enforcement may differ across population segments. PMID:23773958

  20. Retail price as an outcome measure for the effectiveness of drug law enforcement.

    PubMed

    Bright, David A; Ritter, Alison

    2010-09-01

    One outcome measure of law enforcement effectiveness is the reduction in drug consumption which occurs as a result of law enforcement interventions. A theoretical relationship between drug consumption and retail price has promoted the use of retail price as a surrogate measure for consumption. In the current article, retail price is examined as a potential outcome measure for the effectiveness of law enforcement. The predictions regarding the relationship between law enforcement intensity and price are only partially supported by research. Explanations for the disconnect between the drug law enforcement activity and retail price include: rapid adaptation by market players, enforcement swamping, assumptions of rational actors, short-run versus long-run effects, structure of the illicit market, simultaneous changes that affect price in perverse ways, the role of violence in markets, and data limitations. Researchers who use retail price as an outcome measure need to take into account the complex relationship between drug law enforcement interventions and the retail price of illicit drugs. Viable outcome measures which can be used as complements to retail price are worth investigation.

  1. 25 CFR 161.101 - How will tribal laws be enforced on the Navajo Partitioned Lands?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... AND WATER NAVAJO PARTITIONED LANDS GRAZING PERMITS Tribal Policies and Laws Pertaining to Permits § 161.101 How will tribal laws be enforced on the Navajo Partitioned Lands? (a) Unless prohibited by... Partitioned Lands, including tribal laws relating to land use, environmental protection, and historic...

  2. 5 CFR 842.208 - Firefighters, law enforcement officers, and nuclear materials couriers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., and nuclear materials couriers. 842.208 Section 842.208 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL... ANNUITY Eligibility § 842.208 Firefighters, law enforcement officers, and nuclear materials couriers. (a... enforcement officer or nuclear materials courier totaling 25 years; or (2) After becoming age 50...

  3. 5 CFR 842.208 - Firefighters, law enforcement officers, and nuclear materials couriers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., and nuclear materials couriers. 842.208 Section 842.208 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL... ANNUITY Eligibility § 842.208 Firefighters, law enforcement officers, and nuclear materials couriers. (a... enforcement officer or nuclear materials courier totaling 25 years; or (2) After becoming age 50...

  4. 26 CFR 301.7624-1 - Reimbursement to State and local law enforcement agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    .... However, based on the information contained in this second set of books, the Service is able to collect... enforcement agencies. 301.7624-1 Section 301.7624-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... law enforcement agencies. (a) In general. The Internal Revenue Service may reimburse a State or...

  5. Assessing the efficiency of priorities for traffic law enforcement in Norway.

    PubMed

    Elvik, Rune; Sogge, Céline Vallet; Lager, Lasse; Amundsen, Finn Harald; Pasnin, Live Tanum; Karlsen, Runar; Fosli, Knut

    2012-07-01

    This paper assesses the efficiency of priorities for traffic law enforcement in Norway. Priorities are regarded as efficient if: (1) enforcement ensures a sufficient level of deterrence to keep down the rate of violations; (2) selection of target violations for enforcement is based on the risk attributable to them; and (3) an optimal level of enforcement is selected, i.e. the marginal benefits of enforcement in terms of preventing accidents equal the marginal costs of enforcement. The efficiency of current traffic law enforcement in Norway is assessed in terms of these criteria. It is found that the risk of apprehension varies considerably between different traffic violations. These variations do not reflect the risk attributable to the violations, i.e. it is not the case that the risk of apprehension is higher for violations that make a large contribution to fatalities and injuries than for violations that make a smaller contribution. In principle, shifting priorities so as to increase the risk of apprehension for some violations and reduce it for other violations could make police enforcement slightly more efficient. The main finding, however, is that the current level of enforcement is too low. Cost-benefit analyses show that substantially increasing the amount of police enforcement is cost-effective.

  6. 31 CFR 103.100 - Information sharing between Federal law enforcement agencies and financial institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... FOREIGN TRANSACTIONS Special Information Sharing Procedures To Deter Money Laundering and Terrorist... money laundering—(1) In general. A law enforcement agency investigating terrorist activity or money... suspected based on credible evidence of engaging in, terrorist activity or money laundering; include...

  7. Application of mobile digital communications in law enforcement, an introductory planning guide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sohn, R. L.; Abraham, J. E.; Leflang, W. G.; Kennedy, R. D.; Wilson, J. H.; Gurfield, R. M.

    1975-01-01

    A set of planning guidelines for the application of digital communications techniques to law enforcement use is presented. Some essential characteristics of digital techniques and their applications are outlined, as are some principles of system analysis, evaluation, and planning. Requirements analysis, system concept design, implementation planning, and performance and cost modeling are described and demonstrated with respect to this application problem. Information on law enforcement digital communications systems and equipment and a list of vendor sources are given in appendices.

  8. [Chemical, physical and biological risks in law enforcement].

    PubMed

    Magrini, Andrea; Grana, Mario; Vicentini, Laura

    2014-01-01

    Chemical, physical and biological risks among public safety and security forces. Law enforcement personnel, involved in routine tasks and in emergency situations, are exposed to numerous and several occupational hazards (chemical, physical and biological) whith likely health and security consequences. These risks are particularly high when the organization and preparation are inadequate, there is a lacking or insufficient coordination, information, education and communication and safety and personal protective equipment are inadequate or insufficient. Despite the objective difficulties, caused by the actual special needs related to the service performed or the organizational peculiarities, the risk identification and assessment is essential for worker health and safety of personnel, as provided for by Legislative Decree no. 81/2008. Chemical risks include airborne pollutants due to vehicular traffic (carbon monoxide, ultrafine particles, benzene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, aldehydes, nitrogen and sulfur oxides, lead), toxic gases generated by combustion process following fires (aromatic hydrocarbons, PAHs, dioxins and furans, biphenyls, formaldehyde, metals and cyanides), substances emitted in case of chemical accidents (solvents, pesticides, toxic gases, caustics), drugs (methylamphetamine), riot control agents and self-defence spray, lead at firing ranges, and several materials and reagents used in forensic laboratory. The physical hazards are often caused by activities that induce biomechanical overload aid the onset of musculoskeletal disorders, the use of visual display terminals and work environments that may expose to heat stress and discomfort, high and low pressure, noise, vibrations, ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. The main biological risks are blood-borne diseases (viral hepatitis, AIDS), airborne diseases (eg, tuberculosis, meningitis, SARS, anthrax), MRSA, and vector-borne diseases. Many of these risk factors are unavoidable or are not

  9. National Institute of Justice (NIJ): improving the effectiveness of law enforcement via homeland security technology improvements (Keynote Address)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morgan, John S.

    2005-05-01

    Law enforcement agencies play a key role in protecting the nation from and responding to terrorist attacks. Preventing terrorism and promoting the nation"s security is the Department of Justice"s number one strategic priority. This is reflected in its technology development efforts, as well as its operational focus. The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) is the national focal point for the research, development, test and evaluation of technology for law enforcement. In addition to its responsibilities in supporting day-to-day criminal justice needs in areas such as less lethal weapons and forensic science, NIJ also provides critical support for counter-terrorism capacity improvements in state and local law enforcement in several areas. The most important of these areas are bomb response, concealed weapons detection, communications and information technology, which together offer the greatest potential benefit with respect to improving the ability to law enforcement agencies to respond to all types of crime including terrorist acts. NIJ coordinates its activities with several other key federal partners, including the Department of Homeland Security"s Science and Technology Directorate, the Technical Support Working Group, and the Department of Defense.

  10. Challenge of emerging technologies: balancing the needs of law enforcement against the duty to protect individual rights

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lingerfelt, James A.

    1997-01-01

    This paper discusses three emerging technologies which will revolutionize the business operations of law enforcement: databases and search engines; biometric identification systems; and electronic surveillance and tracking devices. Unfortunately, these technologies may also lead to a serious ethical conflict for law enforcement. The tools will make it easier than ever to accomplish the core business of policing: crime prevention; investigation; and intelligence gathering. The same tools, used improperly, will also lead to routine intrusions on personal privacy. These technologies have been and are being developed for the private sector, the military and the intelligence community. The vendors are now aggressively marketing them to law enforcement and criminal justice agencies. The law enforcement community has embraced the technology, but without considering the long term impact. In the past, the police have abused wiretaps and other early surveillance technology. As a result, a sinister perception about police surveillance practices persists and a cumbersome bureaucracy has been imposed to control their use. Developing and establishing policies governing the use of emerging technologies can prevent these mistakes from being repeated. This paper recommends that criminal justice practitioners begin a discussion now, in advance of these technologies becoming commercially available, with a view to defining clear guidelines for their proper use.

  11. Innovation in Law Enforcement. Criminal Justice Monograph. Selections from National Symposium on Law Enforcement Science and Technology. (4th, May 1-3, 1972).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Inst. of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice (Dept. of Justice/LEAA), Washington, DC.

    This monograph presents a variety of approaches to the practical problem of introducing change into law enforcement agencies. The papers deal with changing the rhetoric of "professionalism," political factors affecting public safety communications consolidation, the climate for change in three police departments (college, suburban, and…

  12. Enforcing law on tobacco sales to minors: getting the question and action right.

    PubMed

    Tutt, Douglas C

    2008-01-01

    There is a substantial history of health-related law in Australia, but only recently has this included a significant amount of state regulation pertaining to tobacco promotion, sale and public use. The important question is: under what circumstances do regulation and law enforcement work? Rigorous, energetic, long-term local law enforcement on the supply of tobacco to minors demonstrates success in preventing uptake. A model for success combines education, enforcement and publicity; a model used to some effect in alcohol law. Future directions in regulation might include on-the-spot penalties; ensuring the law is simple and has community support; striving for sufficient resources, enthusiasm and skills; and making the tobacco retail industry pay some of the costs of regulating that industry.

  13. Campaign Planning for Peace Enforcement Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-05-17

    Security Council shall duly take account of failure to comply with such provisional measures . Article 41 The Security Council may decide what measures not...Disputes," gives the Security Council broad measures in which to encourage a peaceful settlement. 10 This chapter is the basis for UN PK operations...has been used independently (Libya, in 1986), and as a means to avoid the commitment of ground troops (Bosnia). This has its advntages , but one must

  14. Targeting adults who provide alcohol to underage youth: results from a national survey of local law enforcement agencies.

    PubMed

    Jones-Webb, Rhonda; Toomey, Traci L; Lenk, Kathleen M; Nelson, Toben F; Erickson, Darin J

    2015-06-01

    We investigated what local enforcement agencies are doing to target adults who provide alcohol to underage youth; what types of enforcement activities are being conducted to target adult providers; and factors that encourage enforcement activities that target adult providers. We surveyed 1,056 local law enforcement agencies in the US and measured whether or not the agency conducted enforcement activities that target adults who provide alcohol to underage youth. We also measured whether certain agency and jurisdiction characteristics were associated with enforcement activities that target adults who provide alcohol to underage youth. Less than half (42%) of local enforcement agencies conducted enforcement efforts targeting adults who provide alcohol to underage youth. Agencies that conducted the enforcement activities targeting adult providers were significantly more likely to have a full time officer specific to alcohol enforcement, a division specific to alcohol enforcement, a social host law, and to perceive underage drinking was very common. Results suggest that targeting social providers (i.e., adults over 21 years of age) will require greater law enforcement resources, implementation of underage drinking laws (e.g., social host policies), and changing perceptions among law enforcement regarding underage drinking. Future studies are needed to identify the most effective enforcement efforts and to examine how enforcement efforts are prospectively linked to alcohol consumption.

  15. 49 CFR 388.7 - Joint administrative activities related to enforcement of safety and hazardous materials laws and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... enforcement of safety and hazardous materials laws and regulations. 388.7 Section 388.7 Transportation Other... administrative activities related to enforcement of safety and hazardous materials laws and regulations. To... nature and extent of the authority and capabilities of the respective agencies to enforce the safety...

  16. Enforcement of Federal Civil Rights Laws in the Reagan Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, William Bradford

    In this statement, William Bradford Reynolds, Assistant Attorney General, discusses the Federal government's enforcement policies and activities regarding equal employment opportunity, and defends the Reagan Administration and the Justice Department against charges cited in a report by the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights. Reynolds contends…

  17. 21 CFR 20.64 - Records or information compiled for law enforcement purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... any other criminal law enforcement authority in the course of a criminal investigation or by an agency conducting a lawful national security intelligence investigation; (5) Would disclose techniques and.... The Commissioner will exercise his discretion to disclose records relating to possible...

  18. 21 CFR 20.64 - Records or information compiled for law enforcement purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... any other criminal law enforcement authority in the course of a criminal investigation or by an agency conducting a lawful national security intelligence investigation; (5) Would disclose techniques and.... The Commissioner will exercise his discretion to disclose records relating to possible...

  19. The Influence of Higher Education on Law Enforcement Entry Level Examination Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paprota, David A.

    2012-01-01

    Entry into a career in law enforcement is most often dependent upon the aspiring candidate's relative success on a competitive, written, multiple-choice examination. In the state of New Jersey, as in many states, civil service laws preclude consideration of formal educational attainment when establishing the ordinal, eligibles lists for law…

  20. 75 FR 78269 - Vehicular Digital Multimedia Evidence Recording System (VDMERS) Standard for Law Enforcement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-15

    ... of Justice Programs Vehicular Digital Multimedia Evidence Recording System (VDMERS) Standard for Law... Standard for Law Enforcement. SUMMARY: In an effort to obtain comments from interested parties, the U.S... the general public the draft ``Vehicular Digital Multimedia Evidence Recording System Standard for...

  1. 34 CFR 99.8 - What provisions apply to records of a law enforcement unit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What provisions apply to records of a law enforcement unit? 99.8 Section 99.8 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education FAMILY EDUCATIONAL... local, State, or Federal law. (2) Education records, and personally identifiable information...

  2. What the Hell Do We Do Now? A Policy Options Analysis of State, Local, and Tribal Law Enforcement Participation in Immigration Enforcement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-01

    vb past should shəd, ◌॑shu̇d pres sing & pl shall (ME shal (1st & 3d sing. pres. indic.), fr. OE sceal; akin to OHG scal (1st & 3d sing. pres...key priorities , “ICE has also decided not to renew any of its agreements with state and local law enforcement agencies that operate task forces under...numbers, highlights focus on key priorities and issues new national detainer guidance to further focus resources,” http://www.ice.gov/news/releases

  3. Utilization of Local Law Enforcement Aerial Resources in Consequence Management (CM) Response

    SciTech Connect

    Wasiolek, Piotr T.; Malchow, Russell L.

    2013-03-12

    During the past decade the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was instrumental in enhancing the nation’s ability to detect and prevent a radiological or nuclear attack in the highest risk cities. Under the DHS Securing the Cities initiative, nearly 13,000 personnel in the New York City region have been trained in preventive radiological and nuclear detection operations, and nearly 8,500 pieces of radiological detection equipment have been funded. As part of the preventive radiological/nuclear detection (PRND) mission, several cities have received funding to purchase commercial aerial radiation detection systems. In 2008, the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Aerial Measuring System (AMS) program started providing Mobile Aerial Radiological Surveillance (MARS) training to such assets, resulting in over 150 HAZMAT teams’ officers and pilots from 10 law enforcement organizations and fire departments being trained in the aerial radiation detection. From the beginning, the MARS training course covered both the PRND and consequence management (CM) missions. Even if the law enforcement main focus is PRND, their aerial assets can be utilized in the collection of initial radiation data for post-event radiological CM response. Based on over 50 years of AMS operational experience and information collected during MARS training, this presentation will focus on the concepts of CM response using aerial assets as well as utilizing law enforcement/fire department aerial assets in CM. Also discussed will be the need for establishing closer relationships between local jurisdictions’ aerial radiation detection capabilities and state and local radiation control program directors, radiological health department managers, etc. During radiological events these individuals may become primary experts/advisers to Incident Commanders for radiological emergency response, especially in the early stages of a response. The knowledge of the existence

  4. Enforcement of alcohol-impaired driving laws in the United States: A national survey of state and local agencies

    PubMed Central

    Erickson, Darin J.; Farbakhsh, Kian; Toomey, Traci L.; Lenk, Kathleen M.; Jones-Webb, Rhonda; Nelson, Toben F.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives Enforcement of alcohol-impaired driving laws is an important component of efforts to prevent alcohol-involved motor-vehicle fatalities. Little is known about the use of drinking-driving enforcement strategies by state and local law enforcement agencies or whether the use of strategies differs by agency and jurisdiction characteristics. Methods We conducted two national surveys, with state patrol agencies (n=48) and with a sample of local law enforcement agencies (n=1,082) selected according to state and jurisdiction population size. We examined three primary enforcement strategies (sobriety checkpoints, saturation patrols, and enforcement of open container laws), and tested whether use of these strategies differed by jurisdiction and agency characteristics across state and local law enforcement agencies Results Most state patrol agencies reported conducting sobriety checkpoints (72.9%) and saturation patrols (95.8%), while less than half (43.8%) reported enforcing open container laws. In contrast, a lower proportion of local law enforcement agencies reported using these alcohol-impaired driving enforcement strategies (41.5%; 62.7%; 41.1% respectively). Sobriety checkpoint enforcement was more common in states in the dry South region (vs. wet and moderate regions). Among local law enforcement agencies, agencies with a full-time alcohol enforcement officer and agencies located in areas where drinking-driving was perceived to be very common (vs. not/somewhat common) were more likely to conduct multiple types of impaired driving enforcement. Conclusions Recommended enforcement strategies to detect and prevent alcohol-impaired driving are employed in some jurisdictions and underutilized in others. Future research should explore the relationship of enforcement with drinking and driving behavior and alcohol-involved motor-vehicle fatalities. PMID:25802970

  5. Relationships Among Stress Measures, Risk Factors, and Inflammatory Biomarkers in Law Enforcement Officers

    PubMed Central

    Ramey, Sandra L.; Downing, Nancy R.; Franke, Warren D.; Perkhounkova, Yelena; Alasagheirin, Mohammad H.

    2011-01-01

    Law enforcement officers suffer higher morbidity and mortality rates from all causes than the general population. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for a significant portion of the excess illness, with a reported prevalence as high as 1.7 times that of the general population. To determine which occupational hazards cause this increased risk and morbidity, it is imperative to study law enforcement officers before they retire. The long-range goal of our research is to reduce the incidence of CVD-related illness and death among aging law enforcement officers. The purpose of the present study was to measure pro- and anti-atherogenic inflammatory markers in blood samples from law enforcement officers (n = 71) and determine what types of occupation-related stress correlate with differences in these markers. For each outcome variable of interest, we developed separate regression models. Two groups of potential predictors were examined for inclusion in the models. Selected measures of stress were examined for inclusion in the models, in addition to general covariates, such as gender, ethnicity, years in law enforcement, and body mass index. Our results revealed statistically significant relationships between several physiologic variables and measures of stress. PMID:21362637

  6. 20 CFR 670.940 - What are the requirements for criminal law enforcement jurisdiction on center property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What are the requirements for criminal law... Administrative and Management Provisions § 670.940 What are the requirements for criminal law enforcement... with respect to criminal law enforcement. Concurrent jurisdiction extends to all portions of...

  7. 20 CFR 670.940 - What are the requirements for criminal law enforcement jurisdiction on center property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What are the requirements for criminal law... Administrative and Management Provisions § 670.940 What are the requirements for criminal law enforcement... with respect to criminal law enforcement. Concurrent jurisdiction extends to all portions of...

  8. Clear Law Enforcement for Criminal Alien Removal Act of 2009

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Rep. Blackburn, Marsha [R-TN-7

    2009-05-14

    06/12/2009 Referred to the Subcommittee on Immigration, Citizenship, Refugees, Border Security, and International Law. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  9. Pathways to Identity. Using Visualization to Aid Law Enforcement in Identification Tasks

    SciTech Connect

    Bruce, Joseph R.; Scholtz, Jean; Hodges, Duncan; Emanuel, Lia; Stanton Fraser, Danae; Creese, Sadie; Love, Oriana J.

    2014-09-18

    The nature of identity has changed dramatically in recent years and has grown in complexity. Identities are defined in multiple domains: biological and psychological elements strongly contribute, but biographical and cyber elements also are necessary to complete the picture. Law enforcement is beginning to adjust to these changes, recognizing identity’s importance in criminal justice. The SuperIdentity project seeks to aid law enforcement officials in their identification tasks through research of techniques for discovering identity traits, generation of statistical models of identity and analysis of identity traits through visualization. We present use cases compiled through user interviews in multiple fields, including law enforcement, and describe the modeling and visualization tools design to aid in those use cases.

  10. Pathways to Identity: Aiding Law Enforcement in Identification Tasks With Visual Analytics

    SciTech Connect

    Bruce, Joseph R.; Scholtz, Jean; Hodges, Duncan; Emanuel, Lia; Stanton-Fraser, Danae; Creese, Sadie; Love, Oriana J.

    2014-09-18

    The nature of identity has changed dramatically in recent years, and has grown in complexity. Identities are defined in multiple domains: biological and psychological elements strongly contribute, but also biographical and cyber elements are necessary to complete the picture. Law enforcement is beginning to adjust to these changes, recognizing its importance in criminal justice. The SuperIdentity project seeks to aid law enforcement officials in their identification tasks through research of techniques for discovering identity traits, generation of statistical models of identity and analysis of identity traits through visualization. We present use cases compiled through user interviews in multiple fields, including law enforcement, as well as the modeling and visualization tools design to aid in those use cases.

  11. Collaboration between public health and law enforcement: new paradigms and partnerships for bioterrorism planning and response.

    PubMed

    Butler, Jay C; Cohen, Mitchell L; Friedman, Cindy R; Scripp, Robert M; Watz, Craig G

    2002-10-01

    The biological attacks with powders containing Bacillus anthracis sent through the mail during September and October 2001 led to unprecedented public health and law enforcement investigations, which involved thousands of investigators from federal, state, and local agencies. Following recognition of the first cases of anthrax in Florida in early October 2001, investigators from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) were mobilized to assist investigators from state and local public health and law enforcement agencies. Although public health and criminal investigations have been conducted in concert in the past, the response to the anthrax attacks required close collaboration because of the immediate and ongoing threat to public safety. We describe the collaborations between CDC and FBI during the investigation of the 2001 anthrax attacks and highlight the challenges and successes of public health and law enforcement collaborations in general.

  12. Thermal-work strain in law enforcement personnel during chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) training

    PubMed Central

    Yokota, M; Karis, A J; Tharion, W J

    2014-01-01

    Background: Thermal safety standards for the use of chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) ensembles have been established for various US occupations, but not for law enforcement personnel. Objectives: We examined thermal strain levels of 30 male US law enforcement personnel who participated in CBRN field training in Arizona, Florida, and Massachusetts. Methods: Physiological responses were examined using unobtrusive heart rate (HR) monitors and a simple thermoregulatory model to predict core temperature (Tc) using HR and environment. Results: Thermal strain levels varied by environments, activity levels, and type of CBRN ensemble. Arizona and Florida volunteers working in hot-dry and hot-humid environment indicated high heat strain (predicted max Tc>38.5°C). The cool environment of Massachusetts reduced thermal strain although thermal strains were occasionally moderate. Conclusions: The non-invasive method of using physiological monitoring and thermoregulatory modeling could improve law enforcement mission to reduce the risk of heat illness or injury. PMID:24999847

  13. Visual Analytics for Law Enforcement: Deploying a Service-Oriented Analytic Framework for Web-based Visualization

    SciTech Connect

    Dowson, Scott T.; Bruce, Joseph R.; Best, Daniel M.; Riensche, Roderick M.; Franklin, Lyndsey; Pike, William A.

    2009-04-14

    This paper presents key components of the Law Enforcement Information Framework (LEIF) that provides communications, situational awareness, and visual analytics tools in a service-oriented architecture supporting web-based desktop and handheld device users. LEIF simplifies interfaces and visualizations of well-established visual analytical techniques to improve usability. Advanced analytics capability is maintained by enhancing the underlying processing to support the new interface. LEIF development is driven by real-world user feedback gathered through deployments at three operational law enforcement organizations in the US. LEIF incorporates a robust information ingest pipeline supporting a wide variety of information formats. LEIF also insulates interface and analytical components from information sources making it easier to adapt the framework for many different data repositories.

  14. 25 CFR 12.2 - What is the role of the Bureau of Indian Affairs Director of Law Enforcement Services?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... evaluation, emergency response forces, and other national level Indian country law enforcement initiatives... Director is also directly responsible for developing crime prevention and outreach programs within...

  15. A policy perspective on elder justice through APS and law enforcement collaboration.

    PubMed

    Dubble, Christopher

    2006-01-01

    The policy issues involved in the social problem of elder victimization could fill volumes. Even the policy issues involved in the new concept of elder justice are multi-faceted. Through the lens of a policy analysis perspective, the history, ideologies, politics, social movements, and economics of policies that promote the collaboration between adult protective services and law enforcement are examined. The analysis of state and local policies as well as a promising federal legislative initiative will, hopefully, help policy advocates understand from where the movement toward collaboration between adult protective services and law enforcement has come as well as where it may be headed.

  16. Enforcement of Ohio's Smoke Free Workplace Law Through the Lens of Public Health Practice

    PubMed Central

    Allan, Terry; Stefanak, Matthew; Chandran Pillai, Aiswarya; Drabousky, Aylin S.; Borawski, Elaine A.; Frank, Scott

    2013-01-01

    Objectives Little is known about whether public health (PH) enforcement of Ohio's 2007 Smoke Free Workplace Law (SFWPL) is associated with department (agency) characteristics, practice, or state reimbursement to local PH agencies for enforcement. We used mixed methods to determine practice patterns, perceptions, and opinions among the PH workforce involved in enforcement to identify agency and workforce associations. Methods Focus groups and phone interviews (n=13) provided comments and identified issues in developing an online survey targeting PH workers through e-mail recruitment (433 addresses). Results A total of 171 PH workers responded to the survey. Of Ohio's 88 counties, 81 (43% rural and 57% urban) were represented. More urban than rural agencies agreed that SFWPL enforcement was worth the effort and cost (80% vs. 61%, p=0.021). The State Attorney General's collection of large outstanding fines was perceived as unreliable. An estimated 77% of agencies lose money on enforcement annually; 18% broke even, 56% attributed a financial loss to uncollected fines, and 63% occasionally or never fully recovered fines. About half of agency leaders (49%) felt that state reimbursements were inadequate to cover inspection costs. Rural agencies (59%) indicated they would be more likely than urban agencies (40%) to drop enforcement if reimbursements ended (p=0.0070). Prioritization of SFWPL vs. routine code enforcement differed between rural and urban agencies. Conclusions These findings demonstrate the importance of increasing state health department financial support of local enforcement activities and improving collection of fines for noncompliance. Otherwise, many PH agencies, especially rural ones, will opt out, thereby increasing the state's burden to enforce SFWPL and challenging widespread public support for the law. PMID:23277660

  17. Maritime Law Enforcement: A Critical Capability for the Navy?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-01

    NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY , CALIFORNIA THESIS Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited MARITIME LAW...Sonnenberg 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Naval Postgraduate School Monterey , CA 93943–5000 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER...in discussion with author, Monterey , CA, August 25, 2011. Lieutenant Junior Grade Chad Hutchins is the USS Nichols Visit, Board, Search, and

  18. Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act Improvements Act of 2009

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Rep. Forbes, J. Randy [R-VA-4

    2009-10-07

    10/19/2009 Referred to the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security. (All Actions) Notes: For further action, see S.1132, which became Public Law 111-272 on 10/12/2010. Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  19. Protecting those who Protect Us: Federal Law Enforcement Deconfliction

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-01

    Guys? A federal agency (we will call Agency Alpha) lawfully obtains cellular phone data from a target of investigation. The target offered to sell...tenaciousness of an Agency Alpha’s group supervisor, a possible lethal situation was averted. The supervisor, while reviewing the cellular phone records...submitted their asset’s cellular phone numbers into established deconfliction systems in order to avoid such situations. The gravity of the situation

  20. Unique facility for law enforcement applicable CWD and TWS technologies test and evaluation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borek, Stanley E.; Seif, Joel F.; Stevens, Daniel L.; Warren, Daniel E.

    2007-04-01

    The Air Force Research Laboratory's Information Directorate (AFRL/IF) has established the Concealed Weapons Detection/Through Wall Surveillance Test & Evaluation (CWD/TWS T&E) Facility to accomplish in-depth analysis of technologies applicable to identified Law Enforcement (LE) and Corrections operational and situational functional requirements. This CWD/TWS T&E Facility is capable of performing T&E on all technologies that have been proposed to accomplish these functions. The current technology focuses are: for CWD, passive and acoustic operations; for TWS, active radio frequency (RF) and acoustic operations. However, this T&E Facility can be easily adapted for analysis of other technology application prototypes. The technology prototypes that are in existence have been developed primarily through direct support from the Department of Justice (DOJ), National Institute of Justice (NIJ) Office of Science & Technology (OS&T). Additionally, Statements Of Need (SON) from US National and State LE and Corrections agencies, along with market indicators, have driven commercial institutions to research and investigate the feasibility of adapting their technology applications for utilization to address the CWD and/or TWS challenges. This paper will highlight the unique capabilities of this Facility. These being: T&E of CWD/TWS devices against NIJ specified requirements; Characterization of CWD/TWS devices performance; Characterization of the constructed walls for TWS; and Representative test setups for CWD/TWS testing.

  1. Government Expectations and the Role of Law Enforcement in a Biological Incident

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-01

    disease-related events, especially without prophylactic medicines, such as Cipro for Anthrax. The workforce of many law enforcement agencies will be...position came from a real situation (the Anthrax attacks involving the different use of the drugs Cipro or Doxycycline). One of the officers expressed

  2. Crash Injury Management for Traffic Law Enforcement Officers; Emergency Medical Services; Course Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cleven, Arlene M.

    The course guide has been prepared to aid in planning and conducting a training program in emergency medical care for first responders to traffic accidents (expected to be patrolling law enforcement officers). This document contains a detailed description of the training program; suggestions for course planning including class size, scheduling…

  3. A Quantitative Examination Whether Education Mitigates Stress Levels among Law Enforcement Officers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metts, Gary A.

    2012-01-01

    Stress is damaging if it is continual, overwhelming. and prolonged. Law enforcement officers face stressful events daily. A relationship exists between stress levels and the physical and psychological effects to the human body. Although there is a general understanding of the damage stress can do physically and psychologically, many elements that…

  4. 27 CFR 478.134 - Sale of firearms to law enforcement officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sale of firearms to law enforcement officers. 478.134 Section 478.134 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS...

  5. 27 CFR 478.134 - Sale of firearms to law enforcement officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2012-04-01 2010-04-01 true Sale of firearms to law enforcement officers. 478.134 Section 478.134 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS...

  6. 27 CFR 478.134 - Sale of firearms to law enforcement officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sale of firearms to law enforcement officers. 478.134 Section 478.134 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS...

  7. 27 CFR 478.134 - Sale of firearms to law enforcement officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Sale of firearms to law enforcement officers. 478.134 Section 478.134 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS...

  8. 27 CFR 478.134 - Sale of firearms to law enforcement officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sale of firearms to law enforcement officers. 478.134 Section 478.134 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS...

  9. Nurse Home Visitors' Perceptions of Mandatory Reporting of Intimate Partner Violence to Law Enforcement Agencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davidov, Danielle M.; Nadorff, Michael R.; Jack, Susan M.; Coben, Jeffrey H.

    2012-01-01

    In the United States, there is an ongoing debate about requiring health care professionals to report intimate partner violence (IPV) to law enforcement agencies. A comprehensive examination of the perspectives of those required to report abuse is critical, as their roles as mandated reporters often pose legal, practical, moral, and ethical…

  10. The Effectiveness of Individual Wellness Counseling on the Wellness of Law Enforcement Officers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tanigoshi, Holly; Kontos, Anthony P.; Remley, Theodore P.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this exploratory study was to determine the effectiveness of wellness counseling on increasing wellness among law enforcement officers. The study also examined whether position in the Transtheoretical Model (J. O. Prochaska & C. C. DiClemente, 1982) and self-efficacy influenced the effectiveness of counseling on wellness. These…

  11. The relationship between the forensic nurse in the emergency department and law enforcement officials.

    PubMed

    Pasqualone, Georgia A

    2015-01-01

    This article describes the need for a collaborative relationship between the advanced practice forensic nurse in the emergency department and critical care settings with law enforcement officials. The relationship is necessary when working with victims and/or perpetrators in the context of the 27 categories of forensic patients.

  12. Research in Brief: Motor Vehicle Safety for Law Enforcement Officers–Still a Priority

    PubMed Central

    Tiesman, Hope M.; Heick, Rebecca

    2015-01-01

    The IACP Research Advisory Committee is proud to offer the monthly Research in Brief column. This column features evidence-based research summaries that highlight actionable recommendations for Police Chief magazine readers to consider within their own agencies. The goal of the column is to feature research that is innovative, credible, and relevant to a diverse law enforcement audience. PMID:26705371

  13. The Use of Classroom Discussion at a Law Enforcement Training Academy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Cynthia L.

    2014-01-01

    The ability to solve problems, think critically, and communicate effectively are necessary traits in law enforcement officers (LEOs). Individuals responsible for instructing LEOs must employ adult learning strategies to provide LEOs the opportunity to share ideas, experiences, beliefs, and knowledge. Discussion is one learning strategy that…

  14. 31 CFR Appendix K to Subpart A of... - Federal Law Enforcement Training Center

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, Glynco, GA 31524. 3. Requests for records. Initial determinations under 31 CFR 1.5(h) as to whether to grant requests for records will be made by the Chief, Management... Center, Department of the Treasury, Building 94, Glynco, GA 31524. Requests may be delivered...

  15. 31 CFR Appendix K to Subpart A of... - Federal Law Enforcement Training Center

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, Glynco, GA 31524. 3. Requests for records. Initial determinations under 31 CFR 1.5(h) as to whether to grant requests for records will be made by the Chief, Management... Center, Department of the Treasury, Building 94, Glynco, GA 31524. Requests may be delivered...

  16. 12 CFR 503.2 - Exemptions of records containing investigatory material compiled for law enforcement purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY PRIVACY ACT § 503.2 Exemptions of records containing investigatory... supervision of savings associations. This system will be exempt from certain provisions of the Privacy Act of... with enforcing criminal or civil laws. (d) Documents exempted. Exemptions will be applied only...

  17. 12 CFR 503.2 - Exemptions of records containing investigatory material compiled for law enforcement purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY PRIVACY ACT § 503.2 Exemptions of records containing investigatory... supervision of savings associations. This system will be exempt from certain provisions of the Privacy Act of... with enforcing criminal or civil laws. (d) Documents exempted. Exemptions will be applied only...

  18. State and Local Law Enforcement Training Needs in the United States. Volume II: Technical Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Bureau of Investigation, Quantico, VA.

    In response to a request by the United States Department of Justice, the Institutional Research and Development Unit, Training Division, of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, undertook a long-term comprehensive analysis of state and local law enforcement training needs throughout the United States. A study was developed to: (1) determine the…

  19. State and Local Law Enforcement Training Needs in the United States. Volume I: Executive Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Bureau of Investigation, Quantico, VA.

    In response to a request by the United States Department of Justice, the Institutional Research and Development Unit, Training Division, of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, undertook a long-term comprehensive analysis of state and local law enforcement training needs throughout the United States. A study was developed to: (1) determine the…

  20. 43 CFR 422.9 - Reclamation law enforcement contracts and cooperative agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... authority listed in § 422.10; (5) Must expressly state that the officer has completed the Federal Bureau of... cooperative agreements. 422.9 Section 422.9 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF...

  1. 43 CFR 422.9 - Reclamation law enforcement contracts and cooperative agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... authority listed in § 422.10; (5) Must expressly state that the officer has completed the Federal Bureau of... cooperative agreements. 422.9 Section 422.9 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF...

  2. 43 CFR 422.9 - Reclamation law enforcement contracts and cooperative agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... authority listed in § 422.10; (5) Must expressly state that the officer has completed the Federal Bureau of... cooperative agreements. 422.9 Section 422.9 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF...

  3. 43 CFR 422.9 - Reclamation law enforcement contracts and cooperative agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... authority listed in § 422.10; (5) Must expressly state that the officer has completed the Federal Bureau of... cooperative agreements. 422.9 Section 422.9 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF...

  4. 21 CFR 20.64 - Records or information compiled for law enforcement purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Records or information compiled for law enforcement purposes. 20.64 Section 20.64 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...; (2) Would deprive a person to a right to a fair trial or an impartial adjudication; (3)...

  5. 21 CFR 20.64 - Records or information compiled for law enforcement purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Records or information compiled for law enforcement purposes. 20.64 Section 20.64 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...; (2) Would deprive a person to a right to a fair trial or an impartial adjudication; (3)...

  6. 26 CFR 301.7624-1 - Reimbursement to State and local law enforcement agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... contributes to the recovery of Federal taxes imposed with respect to illegal drug or related money laundering... law enforcement agency substantially contributed to the recovery of taxes with respect to illegal drug... but otherwise uncollectable Federal tax liability with respect to illegal drug or related...

  7. 26 CFR 301.7624-1 - Reimbursement to State and local law enforcement agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... contributes to the recovery of Federal taxes imposed with respect to illegal drug or related money laundering... law enforcement agency substantially contributed to the recovery of taxes with respect to illegal drug... but otherwise uncollectible Federal tax liability with respect to illegal drug or related...

  8. 26 CFR 301.7624-1 - Reimbursement to State and local law enforcement agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... contributes to the recovery of Federal taxes imposed with respect to illegal drug or related money laundering... law enforcement agency substantially contributed to the recovery of taxes with respect to illegal drug... but otherwise uncollectible Federal tax liability with respect to illegal drug or related...

  9. 26 CFR 301.7624-1 - Reimbursement to State and local law enforcement agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... contributes to the recovery of Federal taxes imposed with respect to illegal drug or related money laundering... law enforcement agency substantially contributed to the recovery of taxes with respect to illegal drug... but otherwise uncollectible Federal tax liability with respect to illegal drug or related...

  10. 36 CFR 1256.58 - Information related to law enforcement investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Information related to law enforcement investigations. 1256.58 Section 1256.58 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION PUBLIC AVAILABILITY AND USE ACCESS TO RECORDS AND DONATED HISTORICAL...

  11. Investigator's Guide to Missing Child Cases. For Law-Enforcement Officers Locating Missing Children. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, John C.

    This booklet provides guidance to law enforcement officers investigating missing children cases, whether through parental kidnappings, abductions by strangers, runaway or "throwaway" cases, and those in which the circumstances are unknown. The guide describes, step-by-step, the investigative process required for each of the four types of missing…

  12. Warrior Spirit: Soul Wound and Coping among American Indians in Law Enforcement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arndt, Leah M. Rouse; Davis, Amileah R.

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative, exploratory study examined the role vocation played for American Indian non-Tribal law enforcement officers in adaptively coping with historical trauma, or "Soul Wound." Participants' views of career in relationship to its perceived congruence with their Nations' warrior societies and how this vocation may facilitate or constrain…

  13. The Spies We Trust: Third Party Service Providers and Law Enforcement Surveillance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soghoian, Christopher

    2012-01-01

    Telecommunications carriers and service providers now play an essential role in facilitating modern surveillance by law enforcement agencies. The police merely select the individuals to be monitored, while the actual surveillance is performed by third parties: often the same email providers, search engines and telephone companies to whom consumers…

  14. 43 CFR 422.6 - Responsibilities of the Chief Law Enforcement Officer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... authorized under a contract or cooperative agreement meet training and fitness requirements established in this part and abide by standards of conduct and performance established in this part and in the contract or cooperative agreement; (c) Law enforcement officers are under the immediate supervision of...

  15. 43 CFR 422.6 - Responsibilities of the Chief Law Enforcement Officer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... authorized under a contract or cooperative agreement meet training and fitness requirements established in this part and abide by standards of conduct and performance established in this part and in the contract or cooperative agreement; (c) Law enforcement officers are under the immediate supervision of...

  16. 43 CFR 422.6 - Responsibilities of the Chief Law Enforcement Officer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... authorized under a contract or cooperative agreement meet training and fitness requirements established in this part and abide by standards of conduct and performance established in this part and in the contract or cooperative agreement; (c) Law enforcement officers are under the immediate supervision of...

  17. Promoting the Moral and Conceptual Development of Law Enforcement Trainees: A Deliberate Psychological Educational Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Barbara; Morgan, Franklyn; Foster, Victoria; Kolbert, Jered

    2000-01-01

    Describes a pilot program designed to incorporate a deliberate psychological educational framework into the training of law enforcement officers and criminal justice students. Finds that participants in the deliberate psychological education intervention achieved significant gains when compared to a control group of participants receiving ethics…

  18. Adult Educators' Perceptions of Their Organization Promoting Learning Practices and Culture: A Caribbean Law Enforcement Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunter-Johnson, Yvonne; Closson, Rosemary

    2012-01-01

    Many organizations, whether private or public, invest extensively in training and development. Such investment in training and development does not guarantee that the organization is perceived as a learning organization. This study examined law enforcement adult educators' (training facilitators') perceptions of their organization promoting…

  19. Integration of Environmental Education and Environmental Law Enforcement for Police Officers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bovornkijprasert, Sravoot; Rawang, Wee

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to establish an integrated model of environmental education (EE) and environmental law enforcement (ELE) to improve the efficiency of functional competency for police officers in Bangkok Metropolitan Police Division 9 (MBP Div. 9). The research design was mixed methods of quantitative and qualitative approaches…

  20. The Role of Law Enforcement in Schools: The Virginia Experience--A Practitioner Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Steven

    2011-01-01

    Although there has been little academic research on the impact of placing police officers in schools, this practice has grown substantially in response to school shootings and other violent crimes in schools. With a standardized training program since 1999, the state of Virginia has law enforcement officers working in approximately 88 percent of…

  1. Effects of Virtual Reality on the Cognitive Memory and Handgun Accuracy Development of Law Enforcement Neophytes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Richard A.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of virtual reality training on the development of cognitive memory and handgun accuracy by law enforcement neophytes. One hundred and six academy students from 6 different academy classes were divided into two groups, experimental and control. The experimental group was exposed to virtual…

  2. Learning Styles of Law Enforcement Officers: Does Police Work Affect How Officers Learn?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landry, John M.

    2011-01-01

    This quantitative study utilized the VARK learning style preference assessment instrument to examine how full-time sworn law enforcement officers learn and attempted to identify a predominant learning style preference among the participants. The primary question was: Which is the dominant learning style preference of full-time sworn law…

  3. 49 CFR 1544.221 - Carriage of prisoners under the control of armed law enforcement officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Carriage of prisoners under the control of armed law enforcement officers. 1544.221 Section 1544.221 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL...

  4. 49 CFR 1544.221 - Carriage of prisoners under the control of armed law enforcement officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Carriage of prisoners under the control of armed law enforcement officers. 1544.221 Section 1544.221 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL...

  5. 49 CFR 1544.221 - Carriage of prisoners under the control of armed law enforcement officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Carriage of prisoners under the control of armed law enforcement officers. 1544.221 Section 1544.221 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL...

  6. 49 CFR 1544.221 - Carriage of prisoners under the control of armed law enforcement officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Carriage of prisoners under the control of armed law enforcement officers. 1544.221 Section 1544.221 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL...

  7. Effective Response to School Violence: A Guide for Educators and Law Enforcement Personnel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Tony L.

    This guide is designed to meet the security response needs of educators and law-enforcement personnel by detailing how an effective response plan can be developed to deal with school violence. By implementing the guidelines detailed in this book, those in responsible positions can help prevent the incalculable costs of death and chaos these acts…

  8. Enhancing Homeland Security Efforts by Building Strong Relationships between the Muslim Community and Local Law Enforcement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-03-01

    between the groups and bridging the gap of cultural differences . This study sought to determine what factors associated with building...relationship is trust between the groups and bridging the gap of cultural differences . This study sought to determine what factors associated with... different roles local and federal law enforcement agencies play within the community for developing counterterrorism information.3 The process of building

  9. The National Manpower Survey of the Criminal Justice System. Volume Two: Law Enforcement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Planning Association, Washington, DC.

    Focusing on law enforcement personnel at the city, county, and state levels (including police, sheriffs, and highway patrol agencies), this document is one in a series of six volumes reporting the results of the National Manpower Survey (NMS) of the Criminal Justice System. Chapter 1 of six chapters summarizes the major results of a national…

  10. Error-Avoidance Theory: Sniper Employment for Military and Civilian Law Enforcement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-01

    States Army B.S., Appalachian State University, 2002 Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE...include that the police and law enforcement personnel have existing legitimacy in the society thus supporting stability in the regions . 7 He also

  11. Comparing Child Protective Investigation Performance between Law Enforcement Agencies and Child Welfare Agencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Neil; Yampolskaya, Svetlana; Gustafson, Mara; Armstrong, Mary; McNeish, Roxann; Vargo, Amy

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the comparative effectiveness of using law enforcement agencies for child protective investigation (CPI), in contrast with the traditional approach of CPI conducted by the public child welfare agency. The analysis uses 2006-2007 data from a natural experiment conducted in Florida to show modest differences in performance and…

  12. Don't Shoot the Messenger: Public Relations for Law Enforcement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baxter, David S.

    2013-01-01

    This communication project provides an overview of public relations as seen through the communication arts. It is specifically focused to give law enforcement officers a general review of the practice of public relations, communication basics, and an understanding of the media. This course also provides the facilitator with multiple tools for…

  13. Opening ceremonies of the 2000 Law Enforcement Games held at KSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    During opening ceremonies of the 2000 International Law Enforcement Games, astronaut Sam Durrance addresses an audience of 1,850 participants and their families. Held in the KSC Visitor Complex Rocket Garden, the ceremony included parades, torch lighting and a tug of war. The games feature officers from 15 countries and 37 United States in competitions around Brevard County, Fla.

  14. 28 CFR 1100.29 - The roles and responsibilities of federal law enforcement, immigration, and Department of State...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false The roles and responsibilities of federal law enforcement, immigration, and Department of State officials under the Trafficking Victims... and responsibilities of federal law enforcement, immigration, and Department of State officials...

  15. 28 CFR 1100.29 - The roles and responsibilities of federal law enforcement, immigration, and Department of State...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false The roles and responsibilities of federal law enforcement, immigration, and Department of State officials under the Trafficking Victims... and responsibilities of federal law enforcement, immigration, and Department of State officials...

  16. 28 CFR 1100.29 - The roles and responsibilities of federal law enforcement, immigration, and Department of State...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false The roles and responsibilities of federal law enforcement, immigration, and Department of State officials under the Trafficking Victims... and responsibilities of federal law enforcement, immigration, and Department of State officials...

  17. 28 CFR 1100.29 - The roles and responsibilities of federal law enforcement, immigration, and Department of State...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false The roles and responsibilities of federal law enforcement, immigration, and Department of State officials under the Trafficking Victims... and responsibilities of federal law enforcement, immigration, and Department of State officials...

  18. 28 CFR 1100.29 - The roles and responsibilities of federal law enforcement, immigration, and Department of State...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false The roles and responsibilities of federal law enforcement, immigration, and Department of State officials under the Trafficking Victims... and responsibilities of federal law enforcement, immigration, and Department of State officials...

  19. 78 FR 6167 - Order of Suspension of Trading; In the Matter of Law Enforcement Associates Corp., Matrixx...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-29

    ... COMMISSION Order of Suspension of Trading; In the Matter of Law Enforcement Associates Corp., Matrixx...., Superior Oil & Gas Co., Tekoil & Gas Corp., Trend Mining Co., and Unico, Inc. January 25, 2013. It appears... ] concerning the securities of Law Enforcement Associates Corp. because it has not filed any periodic...

  20. Exploring the Role of the Internet in Juvenile Prostitution Cases Coming to the Attention of Law Enforcement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wells, Melissa; Mitchell, Kimberly J.; Ji, Kai

    2012-01-01

    This exploratory analysis examines the role of the Internet in juvenile prostitution cases coming to the attention of law enforcement. The National Juvenile Prostitution Study (N-JPS) collected information from a national sample of law enforcement agencies about the characteristics of juvenile prostitution cases. In comparison to non-Internet…

  1. 5 CFR 842.208 - Firefighters, customs and border protection officers, law enforcement officers, members of the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... protection officers, law enforcement officers, members of the Capitol or Supreme Court Police, and nuclear... of the Capitol or Supreme Court Police, and nuclear materials couriers. (a) An employee who separates... officer, law enforcement officer, member of the Capitol or Supreme Court Police, or nuclear...

  2. 5 CFR 842.208 - Firefighters, customs and border protection officers, law enforcement officers, members of the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... protection officers, law enforcement officers, members of the Capitol or Supreme Court Police, and nuclear... of the Capitol or Supreme Court Police, and nuclear materials couriers. (a) An employee who separates... officer, law enforcement officer, member of the Capitol or Supreme Court Police, or nuclear...

  3. 5 CFR 842.208 - Firefighters, customs and border protection officers, law enforcement officers, members of the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... protection officers, law enforcement officers, members of the Capitol or Supreme Court Police, and nuclear... of the Capitol or Supreme Court Police, and nuclear materials couriers. (a) An employee who separates... officer, law enforcement officer, member of the Capitol or Supreme Court Police, or nuclear...

  4. Perceptions of a Learning Organization and Factors within the Work Environment That Influence Transfer of Training in Law Enforcement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunter-Johnson, Yvonne

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine law enforcement officers' perception of factors within the workplace that influence transfer of training and their perception of the organization being a learning organization. The study actually had three parts. First, it intended to investigate the perception of law enforcement officers regarding…

  5. Rules of Engagement as Survival Consciousness: Gay Male Law Enforcement Officers' Experiential Learning in a Masculinized Industry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Joshua C.; Rocco, Tonette S.

    2015-01-01

    Gay men face decisions associated with disclosure, the process of coming out as gay, when and if to disclose, and how much information. These decisions carry more weight in masculinized industries such as law enforcement. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to critically explore gay male law enforcement officers' experiences working in…

  6. Airborne Law Enforcement Fighting Crime From The Air

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cowan, James A.

    2005-05-01

    This paper reviews the use of the air for the police in their operations to fight crime throughout the UK. There is a description of the job of the aircrew, the role and navigation systems and the aircraft used in daily operations. There is an examination of the use of both the helicopter and fixed wing aircraft concentrating on their suitability for police operations in which the weather and cost constraints are seen to be major factors to be considered in striking the balance to obtain the best effectiveness.

  7. Effect of drug law enforcement on drug market violence: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Werb, Dan; Rowell, Greg; Guyatt, Gordon; Kerr, Thomas; Montaner, Julio; Wood, Evan

    2011-03-01

    Violence is amongst the primary concerns of communities around the world and research has demonstrated links between violence and the illicit drug trade, particularly in urban settings. Given the growing emphasis on evidence-based policy-making, and the ongoing severe drug market violence in Mexico and other settings, we conducted a systematic review to examine the impacts of drug law enforcement on drug market violence. We conducted a systematic review using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Specifically, we undertook a search of English language electronic databases (Academic Search Complete, PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Web of Science, Sociological Abstracts, Social Service Abstracts, PAIS International and Lexis-Nexis), the Internet (Google, Google Scholar), and article reference lists, from database inception to January 24, 2011. Overall, 15 studies were identified that evaluated the impact of drug law enforcement on drug market violence, including 11 (73%) longitudinal analyses using linear regression, 2 (13%) mathematical drug market models, and 2 (13%) qualitative studies. Fourteen (93%) studies reported an adverse impact of drug law enforcement on levels of violence. Ten of the 11 (91%) studies employing longitudinal qualitative analyses found a significant association between drug law enforcement and drug market violence. Our findings suggest that increasing drug law enforcement is unlikely to reduce drug market violence. Instead, the existing evidence base suggests that gun violence and high homicide rates may be an inevitable consequence of drug prohibition and that disrupting drug markets can paradoxically increase violence. In this context, and since drug prohibition has not meaningfully reduced drug supply, alternative regulatory models will be required if drug supply and drug market violence are to be meaningfully reduced.

  8. Does law enforcement awareness affect motorcycle helmet use? evidence from urban cities in Thailand.

    PubMed

    Jiwattanakulpaisarn, Piyapong; Kanitpong, Kunnawee; Ponboon, Sattrawut; Boontob, Nuttapong; Aniwattakulchai, Pakorn; Samranjit, Supattra

    2013-09-01

    Although helmet use has been compulsory for motorcycle drivers and passengers in Thailand since the enactment of the Helmet Act in 1994, recent surveys show that the prevalence of helmet usage remains low, particularly among passengers. This paper has sought to explore motorcyclists' awareness of helmet law enforcement in Thailand and examine whether it affects their helmet use behaviour. A total of 2,429 drivers and 1,328 passengers in urban cities nationwide were interviewed in 2009, and the data were analysed using a multivariate ordered logit regression technique. About 60% of the drivers and only 28% of the passengers reported that they always wore a motorcycle helmet. Apart from basic demographics (i.e. age and gender) and riding frequency, our analysis reveals that the awareness of helmet law enforcement was among the contributing factors influencing the use of motorcycle helmets in Thailand. Regardless of riding position, the prevalence of helmet use tended to be greater among those frequently observing the police's checkpoints for helmet wearing and those perceiving the high risk of being caught for non-helmet use. However, the use of helmets appeared to be lower among drivers who perceived the checkpoints to take place at the same times and locations, which were likely predicted. For motorcycle passengers, it was found that the low prevalence of helmet use was potentially attributable to the absence of knowledge on the compulsory helmet law for passengers and the perception that the law was not enforced by the police. Thus, if motorcycle helmet use in Thailand is to be increased, considerable efforts need to be given to increasing the perceived risk of apprehension for non-helmet use (e.g. more police presence and random scheduling of enforcement activities), improving the awareness of the existing helmet law for passengers, and ensuring that helmet wearing by passengers is more strictly enforced.

  9. A test bed for investigating and evaluating the use of biometric-encoded driver licenses and their impact on law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Messner, Richard A.; Hludik, Frank; Crowley, Todd A.; Vidacic, Dragan; Stetson, Barrett; Nadel, Lawrence D.; Nichols, Linda J.; Harris, Carol

    2004-08-01

    This paper describes the results of a collaborative effort between the University of New Hampshire (UNH) and the Mitretek Systems (MTS) Center for Criminal Justice Technology (CCJT). Mitretek conducted an investigation into the impact of anticipated biometrically encoded driver licenses (DLs) on law enforcement. As part of this activity, Mitretek teamed with UNH to leverage the results of UNH's Project54 and develop a pilot Driver License Interoperability Test Bed to explore both implementation and operational aspects associated with reading and authenticating biometrically encoded DLs in law enforcement scenarios. The test bed enables the exploration of new methods, techniques (both hardware and software), and standards in a structured fashion. Spearheaded by the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators (AAMVA) and the International Committee for Information Technology Standards Technical Group M1 (INCITS-M1) initiatives, standards involving both DLs and biometrics, respectively, are evolving at a rapid pace. In order to ensure that the proposed standards will provide for interstate interoperability and proper functionality for the law enforcement community, it is critical to investigate the implementation and deployment issues surrounding biometrically encoded DLs. The test bed described in this paper addresses this and will provide valuable feedback to the standards organizations, the states, and law enforcement officials with respect to implementation and functional issues that are exposed through exploration of actual test systems. The knowledge gained was incorporated into a report prepared by MTS to describe the anticipated impact of biometrically encoded DLs on law enforcement practice.

  10. Arrests for child pornography production: data at two time points from a national sample of U.S. law enforcement agencies.

    PubMed

    Wolak, Janis; Finkelhor, David; Mitchell, Kimberly J; Jones, Lisa M

    2011-08-01

    This study collected information on arrests for child pornography (CP) production at two points (2000-2001 and 2006) from a national sample of more than 2,500 law enforcement agencies. In addition to providing descriptive data about an understudied crime, the authors examined whether trends in arrests suggested increasing CP production, shifts in victim populations, and challenges to law enforcement. Arrests for CP production more than doubled from an estimated 402 in 2000-2001 to an estimated 859 in 2006. Findings suggest the increase was related to increased law enforcement activity rather than to growth in the population of CP producers. Adolescent victims increased, but there was no increase in the proportion of arrest cases involving very young victims or violent images. Producers distributed images in 23% of arrest cases, a proportion that did not change over time. This suggests that much CP production may be primarily for private use. Proactive law enforcement operations increased, as did other features consistent with a robust law enforcement response.

  11. Understanding the Law Enforcement Officer's Role in the Campus Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhyne, Amanda

    2010-01-01

    Campus police forces operate under a difficult mandate of competing and conflicting goals. Officers are charged with protecting institutions whose basic mission is to provide a peaceful, open campus setting that encourages freedom of movement and expression. Campuses are generally unguarded and open to the general public and their buildings,…

  12. Use of an integrated thermal/visible camcorder for law-enforcement applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kostrzewa, Joseph; Frank, Jeffery D.; Heath, Jeffery L.; Terre, William A.

    2001-03-01

    Portable thermal imagers are being utilized with great success in many new and emerging applications, and the law enforcement field in particular is benefiting from thermal imagery. It is quickly becoming common practice for enforcement agencies to apply night-vision technology in such activities as search and rescue, surveillance and stakeout, and suspect pursuit. Thermal cameras, however, do not typically provide an intrinsic means for video recording or for visible imaging. Such capabilities could significantly expand and improve the uses of thermal imaging by law enforcement personnel. For example, surveying the scene of a crime or traffic accident with a thermal sensor offers potential for revealing and documenting clues that otherwise go unnoticed. This paper presents a system that integrates an IR micro-camera with a visible camcorder. The system can display and record live visible and thermal imagery and also capture single-frame snapshots on removable media. This paper also explores the utility of such an integrated camera in various law enforcement scenarios.

  13. IMPROVING COORDINATED RESPONSES FOR VICTIMS OF INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE: LAW ENFORCEMENT COMPLIANCE WITH STATE MANDATED INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE DOCUMENTATION

    PubMed Central

    Cerulli, Catherine; Edwardsen, Elizabeth A.; Hall, Dale; Chan, Ko Ling; Conner, Kenneth R.

    2015-01-01

    New York State law mandates specific IPV documentation under all circumstances meeting the enumerated relationship and crime criteria at the scene of a domestic dispute. Law enforcement compliance with this mandate is unknown. We reviewed law enforcement completion rates of Domestic Violence Incident Reports (DVIRs) and assessed correlations with individual or legal factors. Law enforcement officers filed DVIRs in 54% of the cases (n=191), more often when injury occurred (p<.01) and the defendant had prior court contact (p<.05). The discussion explores policy implications and potential means to rectify the gap between mandated processes and implementation. PMID:25926052

  14. Improving coordinated responses for victims of intimate partner violence: law enforcement compliance with state-mandated intimate partner violence documentation.

    PubMed

    Cerulli, Catherine; Edwardsen, Elizabeth A; Hall, Dale; Chan, Ko Ling; Conner, Kenneth R

    2015-07-01

    New York State law mandates specific intimate partner violence (IPV) documentation under all circumstances meeting the enumerated relationship and crime criteria at the scene of a domestic dispute. Law enforcement compliance with this mandate is unknown. We reviewed law enforcement completion rates of Domestic Violence Incident Reports (DVIRs) and assessed correlations with individual or legal factors. Law enforcement officers filed DVIRs in 54% of the cases (n = 191), more often when injury occurred (p < .01) and the defendant had prior court contact (p < .05). The discussion explores policy implications and potential means to rectify the gap between mandated processes and implementation.

  15. Marine Corps Civilian Law Enforcement: A Necessary Evil

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-02-20

    TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7 . PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) United States Marine Corps,Command and Staff College, Marine Corps...required even more personnel. 7 As a result, even fully staffed departments still lacked the manpower needed to manage daily operations efficiently...through June 2006. 7 This information is based on the author’s personal experience as a Platoon Commander, Provost Marshal’s Office, Marine Corps

  16. Multimission unattended ground sensor for law enforcement applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prado, Gervasio; Succi, George P.; Fitzgerald, James; Clapp, Daniel; Gampert, Robert; Martel, Philip O.; Brennan, Thomas

    2002-08-01

    Technological advances in a number of fields have allowed SenTech to develop a highly capable Unattended Ground Sensor (UGS) able to perform a number of critical missions such as ground and air vehicle surveillance, personnel detection and tracking and sniper localization. These sensors have also been combined with electro-optic sensors to provide target images and improved tracking accuracy. Processing is done in a highly integrated processing module developed under DARPA's IUGS program. Acoustic sensors have been engineered to achieve a three-pound unit with a 15 day field life and long range VHF communications. These sensors will be delivered in early 2002 for testing during field exercises. Extensive testing of the algorithms and software has been conducted over the last few years at a variety of government-sponsored tests and demonstrations. A Gateway unit has been developed which can manage the operation of an eight-sensor field and perform two-dimensional sensor fusion.

  17. A Descriptive Analysis of Tactical Casualty Care Interventions Performed by Law Enforcement Personnel in the State of Wisconsin, 2010-2015.

    PubMed

    Stiles, Chad M; Cook, Christopher; Sztajnkrycer, Matthew D

    2017-02-21

    Introduction Based upon military experience, law enforcement has developed guidelines for medical care during high-threat conditions. The purpose of the current study was to provide a descriptive analysis of reported outcomes of law enforcement medical interventions.

  18. Microcantilever technology for law enforcement and anti-terrorism applications: chemical, biological, and explosive material detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adams, J. D.; Rogers, B.; Whitten, R.

    2005-05-01

    The remarkable sensitivity, compactness, low cost, low power-consumption, scalability, and versatility of microcantilever sensors make this technology among the most promising solutions for detection of chemical and biological agents, as well as explosives. The University of Nevada, Reno, and Nevada Nanotech Systems, Inc (NNTS) are currently developing a microcantilever-based detection system that will measure trace concentrations of explosives, toxic chemicals, and biological agents in air. A baseline sensor unit design that includes the sensor array, electronics, power supply and air handling has been created and preliminary demonstrations of the microcantilever platform have been conducted. The envisioned device would measure about two cubic inches, run on a small watch battery and cost a few hundred dollars. The device could be operated by untrained law enforcement personnel. Microcantilever-based devices could be used to "sniff out" illegal and/or hazardous chemical and biological agents in high traffic public areas, or be packaged as a compact, low-power system used to monitor cargo in shipping containers. Among the best detectors for such applications at present is the dog, an animal which is expensive, requires significant training and can only be made to work for limited time periods. The public is already accustomed to explosives and metal detection systems in airports and other public venues, making the integration of the proposed device into such security protocols straightforward.

  19. Transition of advanced technology to military, homeland security, and law enforcement users

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jarrett, Stephen M.

    2004-09-01

    With the attack on the United States and the subsequent war on terror and the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq a need has been exposed for the transition of technology to all of our defenders both combat forces on the foreign battlefield and domestic forces here at home. The establishment of the Department of Homeland Security has also provided a focus on inserting technology to dramatically improve the capability of airport security forces, law enforcement, and all first responder networks. The drastic increase in the use of Special Forces in combat has also required new advanced technology capabilities at a much faster rate of development than the standard military procurement system. Technology developers must address the questions of interoperability, cost, commercialization, of how these groups will use the technology delivered and the adoption criteria of users in the deployment environment. The successful transition to the field must address the formation of complex concepts of operations in the user's adoption criteria. Prototype transition for two systems, a pocket infrared camera and an acoustic/seismic detector, will be highlighted in their effect on the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and in the heightening of homeland security.

  20. Engaging Law Enforcement in Overdose Reversal Initiatives: Authorization and Liability for Naloxone Administration.

    PubMed

    Davis, Corey S; Carr, Derek; Southwell, Jessica K; Beletsky, Leo

    2015-08-01

    Opioid overdose is reversible through the timely administration of naloxone, which has been used by emergency medical services for decades. Law enforcement officers (LEOs) are often the first emergency responders to arrive at an overdose, but they are not typically equipped with naloxone. This is rapidly changing; more than 220 law enforcement agencies in 24 states now carry naloxone. However, rollout in some departments has been hampered by concerns regarding officer and agency liability. We systematically examined the legal risk associated with LEO naloxone administration. LEOs can be authorized to administer naloxone through a variety of mechanisms, and liability risks related to naloxone administration are similar to or lower than those of other activities in which LEOs commonly engage.

  1. Law enforcement officers' perception of rape and rape victims: a multimethod study.

    PubMed

    Mennicke, Annelise; Anderson, Delaney; Oehme, Karen; Kennedy, Stephanie

    2014-01-01

    In a study to assess law enforcement officers' perceptions of rape and rape victims, researchers asked 149 law enforcement officers to respond to surveys which included a definition of rape measure, an unfounded rape claims measure, and the Rape Myth Acceptance Scale-Revised (RMA-R) measure. Although most officers scored low on the RMA-R--indicating that they did not adhere to myths about rape--most officers also responded with incomplete definitions of rape and inaccurate estimates of the number of false rape claims. Multivariate analyses indicated that officers' open-ended responses did not predict their scores on the RMA-R scale. It is argued that the RMA-R alone does not accurately measure officers' understanding of rape. Officers need ongoing training on the legal elements of the crime, the necessity of sensitivity with victims, and research-based statistics on the prevalence of rape.

  2. The path of helpseeking: perceptions of law enforcement among American Indian victims of sexual assault.

    PubMed

    Hamby, Sherry

    2008-01-01

    The longstanding history of violence and oppression toward American Indians (AI) by the United States has created numerous problems for native communities, including high crime rates. AI women are sexually victimized more than other U.S. racial groups, but often receive very limited services. Secondary analyses of National Violence Against Women Survey data indicate that AI women's reasons for not reporting rape suggest ongoing suspicion of law enforcement. AI women, compared to others, more often said law enforcement would not believe or would blame them, and more often reported that they or their family dealt with the perpetrator. Many other barriers to helpseeking persist, including prejudice, conflict between Western and native values, language barriers, and poverty. AI communities also possess numerous resources that are specific to their cultures and their sovereign relationships with the U.S. government. More needs to be done to minimize barriers and make full use of community assets.

  3. Predicting law enforcement officer job performance with the Personality Assessment Inventory.

    PubMed

    Lowmaster, Sara E; Morey, Leslie C

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the descriptive and predictive characteristics of the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991) in a sample of 85 law enforcement officer candidates. Descriptive results indicate that mean PAI full-scale and subscale scores are consistently lower than normative community sample scores, with some exceptions noted typically associated with defensive responding. Predictive validity was examined by relating PAI full-scale and subscale scores to supervisor ratings in the areas of job performance, integrity problems, and abuse of disability status. Modest correlations were observed for all domains; however, predictive validity was moderated by defensive response style, with greater predictive validity observed among less defensive responders. These results suggest that the PAI's full scales and subscales are able to predict law enforcement officers' performance, but their utility is appreciably improved when taken in the context of indicators of defensive responding.

  4. Field Operations and Enforcement Manual for Air Pollution Control. Volume I: Organization and Basic Procedures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weisburd, Melvin I.

    The Field Operations and Enforcement Manual for Air Pollution Control, Volume I, explains in detail the following: sources and classification of pollutants; meteorological influence on air quality; the air pollution control agency; the field enforcement officer; the enforcement process; prosecuting violation; and inspection techniques including…

  5. 45 CFR 307.13 - Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.13 Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in... 45 Public Welfare 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after October 1, 1997. 307.13 Section 307.13 Public...

  6. 36 CFR 1202.92 - What NARA systems of records are exempt from release under the Law Enforcement Exemption of the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... are exempt from release under the Law Enforcement Exemption of the Privacy Act? 1202.92 Section 1202... from release under the Law Enforcement Exemption of the Privacy Act? (a) The Investigative Files of the... administrative violations, compiled for law enforcement purposes other than within the scope of subsection...

  7. Internet for law enforcement: a modern phenomena and a phenomenal tool

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilsker, Ira

    1997-02-01

    There is an existing, low cost, and widely used framework in place for both the public distribution of law enforcement information, and the secure and restricted distribution of sensitive data. That is, of course, the Internet. Already, hundreds of law enforcement agencies around the world, at all levels, are utilizing this most cost effective medium for a variety of tasks. In the public mode, now with 21 - 35 million individuals in the U.S. having access, agencies typically make available contact information, Community Oriented Policing (COPS), employment, crime prevention, DARE, police explorer, and other helpful information. Most often this information is available via WWW page, or a local BBS. Other public access is available to thousands of specialized sites, such as forensics, training, narcotics, firearms, terrorism and hate crimes, K9, police supply, traffic related, crime prevention, most wanted, missing persons, etc. Public newsgroups provide a forum for local, national, and international law enforcement issues. In the private mode, there is a wide variety of restricted mail lists providing for the exchange of information on narrowly defined topics including forensics, firearms, COPS, officer survival, and other related areas. Traditional EMail provides another cost effective method for the exchange of information, either to a specific point, or broadcast to an explicit wide audience. As a secure method of quickly exchanging information in a most cost effective way, encrypted data, typically text, files, or images, can be instantly transmitted between individuals or agencies. Commonly available encryption technology (the most commonly used is PGP, a public key encryption utility), is freely or inexpensively available. An additional Internet benefit available to the law enforcement community, is the availability of software. Currently available is a variety of accident investigation, crime scene, dispatch, maintenance, evidence tracking, and other useful

  8. Opening ceremonies of the 2000 Law Enforcement Games held at KSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    Canadian police officers gather in the KSC Visitor Complex Rocket Garden during opening ceremonies of the 2000 International Law Enforcement Games. More than 1,850 participants and their families took part in the opening, held in the Rocket Garden. The ceremony included parades, torch lighting and a tug of war. The games feature officers from 15 countries and 37 United States in competitions around Brevard County, Fla.

  9. Opening ceremonies of the 2000 Law Enforcement Games held at KSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    U.S. Police officers join the KSC Space Man in a parade at the KSC Visitor Complex during opening ceremonies of the 2000 International Law Enforcement Games. More than 1,850 participants and their families took part in the opening, held in the Rocket Garden. The ceremony includes parades, torch lighting and a tug of war. The games feature officers from 15 countries and 37 United States in competitions around Brevard County, Fla.

  10. Multi-community command and control systems in law enforcement: An introductory planning guide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sohn, R. L.; Garcia, E. A.; Kennedy, R. D.

    1976-01-01

    A set of planning guidelines for multi-community command and control systems in law enforcement is presented. Essential characteristics and applications of these systems are outlined. Requirements analysis, system concept design, implementation planning, and performance and cost modeling are described and demonstrated with numerous examples. Program management techniques and joint powers agreements for multicommunity programs are discussed in detail. A description of a typical multi-community computer-aided dispatch system is appended.

  11. Opening ceremonies of the 2000 Law Enforcement Games held at KSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    A crowd of police officers and their families cheer a presentation of flags during opening ceremonies of the 2000 International Law Enforcement Games. Held in the KSC Visitor Complex Rocket Garden, the ceremony hosted more than 1,850 participants and their families for events that included parades, torch lighting and a tug of war. The games feature officers from 15 countries and 37 United States in competitions around Brevard County, Fla.

  12. Finding solid ground: law enforcement, key populations and their health and rights in South Africa

    PubMed Central

    Scheibe, Andrew; Howell, Simon; Müller, Alexandra; Katumba, Munyaradzi; Langen, Bram; Artz, Lillian; Marks, Monique

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Sex workers, people who use drugs, men who have sex with men, women who have sex with women and transgender people in South Africa frequently experience high levels of stigma, abuse and discrimination. Evidence suggests that such abuse is sometimes committed by police officers, meaning that those charged with protection are perpetrators. This reinforces cycles of violence, increases the risk of HIV infection, undermines HIV prevention and treatment interventions and violates the constitutional prescriptions that the police are mandated to protect. This paper explores how relationship building can create positive outcomes while taking into account the challenges associated with reforming police strategies in relation to key populations, and vice versa. Discussion We argue that relationships between law enforcement agencies and key populations need to be re-examined and reconstituted to enable appropriate responses and services. The antagonistic positioning, “othering” and blame assignment frequently seen in interactions between law enforcement officials and key populations can negatively influence both, albeit for different reasons. In addressing these concerns, we argue that mediation based on consensual dialogue is required, and can be harnessed through a process that highlights points of familiarity that are often shared, but not understood, by both parties. Rather than laying blame, we argue that substantive changes need to be owned and executed by all role-players, informed by a common language that is cognisant of differing perspectives. Conclusions Relational approaches can be used to identify programmes that align goals that are part of law enforcement, human rights and public health despite not always being seen as such. Law enforcement champions and representatives of key populations need to be identified and supported to promote interventions that are mutually reinforcing, and address perceived differences by highlighting commonality

  13. Opening ceremonies of the 2000 Law Enforcement Games held at KSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    British police officers carry their country's flag while marching in a parade at the KSC Visitor Complex during opening ceremonies of the 2000 International Law Enforcement Games. More than 1,850 participants and their families took part in the opening, held in the Rocket Garden. The ceremony included parades, torch lighting and a tug of war. The games feature officers from 15 countries and 37 United States in competitions around Brevard County, Fla.

  14. Strategies for the Integration of Medical and Health Representation within Law Enforcement Intelligence Fusion Centers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-01

    of participants includes the following federal agencies: the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, the Drug Enforcement Administration, the...broader category, organophosphate poisoning. Nor does it include other WMD agents such as blister agents (mustard gas), or cyanide . These...paramedic saw canisters of cyanide , a bomb-making book and jihad posters in the garage of a patient’s home, it would only be matter of minutes before law

  15. Opening ceremonies of the 2000 Law Enforcement Games held at KSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    Members of KSC's Native America International Tribal Council and the Space Coast Indian Association (Brevard County) gather in the KSC Visitor Complex during opening ceremonies of the 2000 International Law Enforcement Games. More than 1,850 participants and their families took part in the opening, held in the Rocket Garden. The ceremony included parades, torch lighting and a tug of war. The games feature officers from 15 countries and 37 United States in competitions around Brevard County, Fla.

  16. Opening ceremonies of the 2000 Law Enforcement Games held at KSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    An international gathering of police officers march in a parade at the KSC Visitor Complex during opening ceremonies of the 2000 International Law Enforcement Games. More than 1,850 participants and their families took part in the opening, held in the Rocket Garden. The ceremony includes parades, torch lighting and a tug of war. The games feature officers from 15 countries and 37 United States in competitions around Brevard County, Fla.

  17. Opening ceremonies of the 2000 Law Enforcement Games held at KSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    A crowd of police officers and their families attend opening ceremonies of the 2000 International Law Enforcement Games. Held in the KSC Visitor Complex Rocket Garden, the ceremony hosted more than 1,850 participants and their families for events that included parades, torch lighting and a tug of war. The games feature officers from 15 countries and 37 United States in competitions around Brevard County, Fla.

  18. Opening ceremonies of the 2000 Law Enforcement Games held at KSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    Hong Kong police officers gather in the KSC Visitor Complex Rocket Garden during opening ceremonies of the 2000 International Law Enforcement Games. More than 1,850 participants and their families took part in the opening, held in the Rocket Garden. The ceremony included parades, torch lighting and a tug of war. The games feature officers from 15 countries and 37 United States in competitions around Brevard County, Fla.

  19. Opening ceremonies of the 2000 Law Enforcement Games held at KSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    Children representing the Brevard Police Athletic League carry the U.S. Flag as they march in a parade at the KSC Visitor Complex during opening ceremonies of the 2000 International Law Enforcement Games. More than 1,850 participants and their families took part in the opening, held in the Rocket Garden. The ceremony included parades, torch lighting and a tug of war. The games feature officers from 15 countries and 37 United States in competitions around Brevard County, Fla.

  20. Implementing the SECURES urban gunshot detection technology for law enforcement crime intervention strategies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Litch, Michael; Shaw, Scott

    2004-09-01

    Planning Systems Incorporated (PSI) has been working with the National Institute of Justice, Center for Society Law and Justice (CSLJ) at the University of New Orleans, and law enforcement agencies in five highly varied United States locations over the past three years to evaluate the use of an automated, wireless acoustic gun fire detection and localization system. Considerable progress has been made in improving the sensor design, system engineering, software applications, deployment practices and manufacturing capabilities since last year's presentation. Two military variants have been developed as well. This paper will provide an updated status of SECURES technology and its utilization.

  1. Special considerations for specimen collections that may be involved in law enforcement cases

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Viner, Tabitha; Franson, J. Christian; Friend, Milton; Gibbs, Samantha E.J.; Wild, Margaret A.

    2015-01-01

    The aims of this chapter are to 1) help biologists or field personnel recognize the signs that indicate a crime may have been committed, and 2) to give readers a basic understanding of how a wildlife crime scene is processed. This chapter is not intended to give readers the tools to investigate a crime scene alone, but will hopefully make them a valuable asset to law enforcement agents who respond to the scene. An effectively processed case, resulting in prosecution of a suspect, supports the law as a deterrent to future acts that could endanger the conservation of wildlife.

  2. The effective use of unmanned aerial vehicles for local law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gasque, Leighton

    This qualitative study was done to interview local law enforcement in Murfreesboro, Tennessee to determine if unmanned aerial vehicles could increase the safety of policy officers. Many police officers face dangerous scenarios on a daily basis; however, officers must also perform non-criminal related responsibilities that could put them in hazardous situations. UAVs have multiple capabilities that can decrease the number of hazards in an emergency situation whether it is environmental, traffic related, criminal activity, or investigations. Officers were interviewed to find whether or not unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) could be useful manpower on the police force. The study was also used to find whether or not officers foresee UAVs being used in law enforcement. The study revealed that UAVs could be used to add useful manpower to law enforcement based on the capabilities a UAV may have. Police officers cannot confirm whether or not they would be able to use a UAV until further research is conducted to examine the relation of costs to usage.

  3. Optimizing operational flexibility and enforcement liability in Title V permits

    SciTech Connect

    McCann, G.T.

    1997-12-31

    Now that most states have interim or full approval of the portions of their state implementation plans (SIPs) implementing Title V (40 CFR Part 70) of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA), most sources which require a Title V permit have submitted or are well on the way to submitting a Title V operating permit application. Numerous hours have been spent preparing applications to ensure the administrative completeness of the application and operational flexibility for the facility. Although much time and effort has been spent on Title V permit applications, the operating permit itself is the final goal. This paper outlines the major Federal requirements for Title V permits as given in the CAAA at 40 CFR 70.6, Permit Content. These Federal requirements and how they will effect final Title V permits and facilities will be discussed. This paper will provide information concerning the Federal requirements for Title V permits and suggestions on how to negotiate a Title V permit to maximize operational flexibility and minimize enforcement liability.

  4. 20 CFR 670.940 - What are the requirements for criminal law enforcement jurisdiction on center property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false What are the requirements for criminal law... INVESTMENT ACT Administrative and Management Provisions § 670.940 What are the requirements for criminal law... State and locality with respect to criminal law enforcement. Concurrent jurisdiction extends to...

  5. 5 CFR 551.216 - Law enforcement activities and 7(k) coverage for FLSA pay and exemption determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... alleged or suspected violations of criminal laws, including the arrest of suspected or wanted persons... performed for the purpose of detecting and apprehending persons suspected of violating criminal laws; (3... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Law enforcement activities and...

  6. 20 CFR 670.940 - What are the requirements for criminal law enforcement jurisdiction on center property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false What are the requirements for criminal law... INVESTMENT ACT Administrative and Management Provisions § 670.940 What are the requirements for criminal law... State and locality with respect to criminal law enforcement. Concurrent jurisdiction extends to...

  7. 5 CFR 551.216 - Law enforcement activities and 7(k) coverage for FLSA pay and exemption determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... alleged or suspected violations of criminal laws, including the arrest of suspected or wanted persons... performed for the purpose of detecting and apprehending persons suspected of violating criminal laws; (3... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Law enforcement activities and...

  8. 20 CFR 670.940 - What are the requirements for criminal law enforcement jurisdiction on center property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false What are the requirements for criminal law... INVESTMENT ACT Administrative and Management Provisions § 670.940 What are the requirements for criminal law... State and locality with respect to criminal law enforcement. Concurrent jurisdiction extends to...

  9. 20 CFR 10.740 - In what situations will OWCP automatically presume that a law enforcement officer is covered by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... enforcement officer is covered by the FECA? (a) Where an officer is detailed by a competent State or local authority to assist a Federal law enforcement authority in the protection of the President of the United States, or any other person actually provided or entitled to U.S. Secret Service protection,...

  10. 20 CFR 10.740 - In what situations will OWCP automatically presume that a law enforcement officer is covered by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... enforcement officer is covered by the FECA? (a) Where an officer is detailed by a competent State or local authority to assist a Federal law enforcement authority in the protection of the President of the United States, or any other person actually provided or entitled to U.S. Secret Service protection,...

  11. 8 CFR 1212.14 - Parole determinations for alien witnesses and informants for whom a law enforcement authority...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... and informants for whom a law enforcement authority (âLEAâ) will request S classification. 1212.14... enforcement authority (“LEA”) will request S classification. (a) Parole authority. Parole authorization under... informants in criminal/counter terrorism matters and to apply for S classification shall be exercised...

  12. LAW ENFORCEMENT TECHNOLOGY ROADMAP: LESSONS TO DATE FROM THE NORTHWEST TECHNOLOGY DESK AND THE NORTHWEST FADE PILOTS

    SciTech Connect

    West, Curtis L.; Kreyling, Sean J.

    2011-04-01

    The goal of this report is to provide insight into the information technology needs of law enforcement based on first hand observations as an embedded and active participant over the course of two plus years. This report is intended as a preliminary roadmap for technology and project investment that will benefit the entire law enforcement community nationwide. Some recommendations are immediate and have more of an engineering flavor, while others are longer term and will require research and development to solve.

  13. [Assessment of psychological conditions for the use of firearms in law enforcement].

    PubMed

    Vilardell Molas, Jordi; Martí Agustí, Gabriel; Solé i Sanosa, M Angels

    2014-03-01

    To handle firearms safely, an individual needs to be in sound psychological conditions. This point is especially relevant in law enforcement, given that this group is likely to experience situations where there is a reasonably severe risk to life, physical integrity and that of third parties. These conditions cause high levels of stress and become a significant source of psychological strain. The assessment of these psychological conditions in law enforcement must stay ahead of this strain and should act preventively, establishing surveillance that is the product of a consensus between the needs of professionals and organizations. This evaluation should be conducted by technical specialists who understand and know the occupational reality of these professionals. A good assessment methodology starts with the need to discover the basic areas that need exploring, the ideal procedure for assessing these issues and the criteria that determine the aptitude (or lack thereof) for handling firearms. Once these goals have been established, we can be assured that the assessment will follow a set of principles that will give it homogeneity, effectiveness and efficiency. This type of assessment will help accomplish the mission that these security professionals are entrusted to by law, which is to protect the free exercise of rights and freedoms and ensure citizen safety.

  14. Community norms, enforcement of minimum legal drinking age laws, personal beliefs and underage drinking: an explanatory model.

    PubMed

    Lipperman-Kreda, Sharon; Grube, Joel W; Paschall, Mallie J

    2010-06-01

    Strategies to enforce underage drinking laws are aimed at reducing youth access to alcohol from commercial and social sources and deterring its possession and use. However, little is known about the processes through which enforcement strategies may affect underage drinking. The purpose of the current study is to present and test a conceptual model that specifies possible direct and indirect relationships among adolescents' perception of community alcohol norms, enforcement of underage drinking laws, personal beliefs (perceived parental disapproval of alcohol use, perceived alcohol availability, perceived drinking by peers, perceived harm and personal disapproval of alcohol use), and their past-30-day alcohol use. This study used data from 17,830 middle and high school students who participated in the 2007 Oregon Health Teens Survey. Structural equations modeling indicated that perceived community disapproval of adolescents' alcohol use was directly and positively related to perceived local police enforcement of underage drinking laws. In addition, adolescents' personal beliefs appeared to mediate the relationship between perceived enforcement of underage drinking laws and past-30-day alcohol use. Enforcement of underage drinking laws appeared to partially mediate the relationship between perceived community disapproval and personal beliefs related to alcohol use. Results of this study suggests that environmental prevention efforts to reduce underage drinking should target adults' attitudes and community norms about underage drinking as well as the beliefs of youth themselves.

  15. Improving effectiveness of protection efforts in tiger source sites: Developing a framework for law enforcement monitoring using MIST.

    PubMed

    Stokes, Emma J

    2010-12-01

    Wild tigers are in a critical state with an estimated population decline of more than 95% over the past century. Improving the capacity and effectiveness of law enforcement in reducing poaching of tigers is an immediate priority to secure remaining wild populations in source sites. From 2008-2010, standardized patrol-based law enforcement monitoring (LEM) was established under the Tigers Forever Program across 8 key tiger sites in order to improve and evaluate law enforcement interventions. Patrol-based monitoring has the distinct advantage of providing regular and rapid information on illegal activities and ranger performance, although, until recently, it has received relatively little scrutiny from the conservation community. The present paper outlines a framework for implementation of LEM in tiger source sites using MIST, a computerized management information system for ranger-based data collection. The framework addresses many of the technical, practical and institutional challenges involved in the design, implementation, sustainability and evaluation of LEM. Adoption of such a framework for LEM is a cost-effective strategy to improve the efficiency of law enforcement efforts, to increase the motivation of enforcement staff and to promote the accountability of law enforcement agencies in addressing threats to tigers. When combined with independent, systematic and science-based monitoring of tigers and their prey, LEM has great potential for evaluating the effectiveness of protection-based conservation investments.

  16. The Safety and Health Improvement: Enhancing Law Enforcement Departments Study: Feasibility and Findings

    PubMed Central

    Kuehl, Kerry S.; Elliot, Diane L.; Goldberg, Linn; MacKinnon, David P.; Vila, Bryan J.; Smith, Jennifer; Miočević, Milica; O’Rourke, Holly P.; Valente, Matthew J.; DeFrancesco, Carol; Sleigh, Adriana; McGinnis, Wendy

    2014-01-01

    This randomized prospective trial aimed to assess the feasibility and efficacy of a team-based worksite health and safety intervention for law enforcement personnel. Four-hundred and eight subjects were enrolled and half were randomized to meet for weekly, peer-led sessions delivered from a scripted team-based health and safety curriculum. Curriculum addressed: exercise, nutrition, stress, sleep, body weight, injury, and other unhealthy lifestyle behaviors such as smoking and heavy alcohol use. Health and safety questionnaires administered before and after the intervention found significant improvements for increased fruit and vegetable consumption, overall healthy eating, increased sleep quantity and sleep quality, and reduced personal stress. PMID:24847475

  17. Electro-optics technology for a new generation of military and law enforcement small equipment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giunti, C.; Cocchi, A.; Bardazzi, R.; Calamai, L.; Sabatini, M.; Torniai, E.; Livi, M.; Toccafondi, C.; Maestrini, M.; Santini, N.

    2007-10-01

    In the framework of a modernization program, supported by Italian Army, Galileo Avionica (a Finmeccanica company) has developed a family of small equipments based on suites of electro-optics sensors. These modules, designed and built by GA, range from uncooled V0x 25 micron thermal imagers, small and very compact laser rangefinders, CMOS Visible sensors to the last generation of colour OLED microdisplay based visual units. All the EO assemblies are integrated to form very small and lightweight Integrated Sight, a Multi Function Target Locator, and Dynamic Aiming System. Even if the equipments have been developed for military applications many other applications such as law enforcements or surveillance can be envisaged.

  18. Transforming Symbolic Law into Organizational Action: Hate Crime Policy and Law Enforcement Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grattet, Ryken; Jenness, Valerie

    2008-01-01

    For decades sociologists, criminologists, political scientists and socio-legal scholars alike have focused on the symbolic and instrumental dimensions of law in examinations of the effects of social reform and policy implementation. Following in this tradition, we focus on the relationship between hate crime policy and hate crime reporting to…

  19. Pharmaceutical marketing practices: balancing public health and law enforcement interests; moving beyond regulation-through-litigation.

    PubMed

    Zalesky, Christopher D

    2006-01-01

    Fraudulent or abusive sales and marketing practices by pharmaceutical companies can result in costly overutilization of products that are increasingly paid for by government healthcare programs and may result in adverse health and safety consequences to the patient-beneficiaries of those programs. Federal enforcement efforts in this area are largely modeled on those used to combat white-collar crime, with cases taking years to reach conclusion. This approach overlooks the impact on patients who receive unnecessary care or are denied access to appropriate care during the course of the investigation. Many states are beginning to regulate certain pharmaceutical sales and marketing practices, but state-by-state regulation ignores the importance of a uniform federal regulatory and enforcement approach in an area already occupied by federal law. This Article explores current federal and state efforts to limit overutilization, fraud, and abuse in the sale and marketing of prescription drugs, and illustrates the merits of an expanded role for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to regulate pharmaceutical sales and marketing practices. This approach borrows lessons learned from the FDA's efficient and effective regulatory and enforcement methods and maintains a careful balance between the interests of patient-beneficiaries, the government and industry.

  20. Provisions of Anti-Drug Abuse Amendments Act of 1988 Relating to Drug Law Enforcement. Information Memorandum 89-1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthias, Mary

    This document describes major provisions of the Anti-Drug Abuse Amendments Act of 1988, a federal law relating to enforcement of controlled substances laws which authorizes over two billion dollars for anti-drug activities. Provisions of the Act relating primarily to drug abuse education, prevention or treatment and regulation of the manufacture,…

  1. Harm reduction and law enforcement in Vietnam: influences on street policing

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background and rationale The HIV epidemic in Vietnam has from its start been concentrated among injecting drug users. Vietnam instituted the 2006 HIV/AIDS Law which includes comprehensive harm reduction measures, but these are unevenly accepted and inadequately implemented. Ward police are a major determinant of risk for IDUs, required to participate in drug control practices (especially meeting quotas for detention centres) which impede support for harm reduction. We studied influences on ward level police regarding harm reduction in Hanoi to learn how to better target education and structural change. Methods After document review, we interviewed informants from government, NGOs, INGOs, multilateral agencies, and police, using semi-structured guides. Topics covered included perceptions of harm reduction and the police role in drug law enforcement, and harm reduction training and advocacy among police. Results Police perceive conflicting responsibilities, but overwhelmingly see their responsibility as enforcing drug laws, identifying and knowing drug users, and selecting those for compulsory detention. Harm reduction training was very patchy, ward police not being seen as important to it; and understanding of harm reduction was limited, tending to reflect drug control priorities. Justification for methadone was as much crime prevention as HIV prevention. Competing pressures on ward police create much anxiety, with performance measures based around drug control; recourse to detention resolves competing pressures more safely. There is much recognition of the importance of discretion, and much use of it to maintain good social order. Policy dissemination approaches within the law enforcement sector were inconsistent, with little communication about harm reduction programs or approaches, and an unfounded assumption that training at senior levels would naturally reach to the street. Discussion Ward police have not been systematically included in harm reduction advocacy

  2. INTERPOL survey of the use of speaker identification by law enforcement agencies.

    PubMed

    Morrison, Geoffrey Stewart; Sahito, Farhan Hyder; Jardine, Gaëlle; Djokic, Djordje; Clavet, Sophie; Berghs, Sabine; Goemans Dorny, Caroline

    2016-06-01

    A survey was conducted of the use of speaker identification by law enforcement agencies around the world. A questionnaire was circulated to law enforcement agencies in the 190 member countries of INTERPOL. 91 responses were received from 69 countries. 44 respondents reported that they had speaker identification capabilities in house or via external laboratories. Half of these came from Europe. 28 respondents reported that they had databases of audio recordings of speakers. The clearest pattern in the responses was that of diversity. A variety of different approaches to speaker identification were used: The human-supervised-automatic approach was the most popular in North America, the auditory-acoustic-phonetic approach was the most popular in Europe, and the spectrographic/auditory-spectrographic approach was the most popular in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and South and Central America. Globally, and in Europe, the most popular framework for reporting conclusions was identification/exclusion/inconclusive. In Europe, the second most popular framework was the use of verbal likelihood ratio scales.

  3. "Reasonable suspicion" about tough immigration legislation: enforcing laws or ethnocentric exclusion?

    PubMed

    Mukherjee, Sahana; Molina, Ludwin E; Adams, Glenn

    2013-07-01

    We examined whether support for tough immigration legislation reflects identity-neutral enforcement of law or identity-relevant defense of privilege. Participants read a fabricated news story in which law-enforcement personnel detained a person due to "reasonable suspicion" that he was an undocumented immigrant. We manipulated descriptions of the detainee so that he was either (a) an undocumented immigrant (both studies), (b) a documented immigrant (Study 1), or (c) a U.S. citizen (Study 2) of either Mexican or Canadian origin. Participants in both studies endorsed tougher punishment of an undocumented detainee and rated tough treatment as more fair when the detainee was of Mexican than Canadian origin (regardless of documentation status). Across both studies, the patterns of ethnocentric exclusion-harsher treatment toward Mexican immigrants than Canadian immigrants-were particularly pronounced among participants who defined American identity in terms of assimilation to Anglocentric cultural values (e.g., being able to speak English). Overall, results suggest that people may support tough measures to restrict immigration to defend against symbolic threats-especially threats that cultural "others" pose to Anglocentric understandings of American identity.

  4. Impact of Homeland Security Alert level on calls to a law enforcement peer support hotline.

    PubMed

    Omer, Saad B; Barnett, Daniel J; Castellano, Cherie; Wierzba, Rachel K; Hiremath, Girish S; Balicer, Ran D; Everly, George S

    2007-01-01

    The Homeland Security Advisory System (HSAS) was established by the Department of Homeland Security to communicate the risk of a terrorist event. In order to explore the potential psychological impacts of HSAS we analyzed the effects of terror alerts on the law enforcement community. We used data from the New Jersey Cop 2 Cop crisis intervention hotline. Incidence Rate Ratios--interpreted as average relative increases in the daily number of calls to the Cop 2 Cop hotline during an increased alert period--were computed from Poisson models. The hotline received a total of 4,145 initial calls during the study period. The mean daily number of calls was higher during alert level elevation compared to prior 7 days (7.68 vs. 8.00). In the Poisson regression analysis, the Incidence Rate Ratios of number of calls received during elevated alert levels compared to the reference period of seven days preceding each change in alert were close to 1, with confidence intervals crossing 1 (i.e. not statistically significant) for all lag periods evaluated. This investigation, in the context of New Jersey law enforcement personnel, does not support the concern that elevating the alert status places undue stress upon alert recipients.

  5. Law Enforcement Officers' Involvement Level in Hurricane Katrina and Alcohol Use

    PubMed Central

    Heavey, Sarah Cercone; Homish, Gregory G.; Andrew, Michael E.; McCanlies, Erin; Mnatsakanova, Anna; Violanti, John M.; Burchfiel, Cecil M.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this work is to examine the relationship between alcohol use and level of involvement during Hurricane Katrina among law enforcement officers, and to investigate whether marital status or previous military training offer resilience against negative outcomes. Officers in the immediate New Orleans geographic area completed surveys that assessed their involvement in Hurricane Katrina and alcohol use (Alcohol Use and Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) score). Negative binomial regression models were used to analyze level of hazardous alcohol use; interactions were tested to examine protective influences of marriage and prior military training (controlling for age and gender). There was a significant association between heavy involvement in Hurricane Katrina and having a greater AUDIT score (exp(β)[EB]=1.81; 95% CI: 1.03, 3.17; p<0.05), indicating higher levels of hazardous alcohol use. Contrary to original hypotheses, marital status and military training were not protective against alcohol use (p>0.05). These results illustrate an association between law enforcement officers' heavy involvement during Hurricane Katrina and greater levels of hazardous alcohol use when compared to officers with low or moderate involvement. This has important treatment implications for those with high involvement in disasters as they may require targeted interventions to overcome the stress of such experiences. PMID:26688672

  6. A Profile of Injuries Sustained by Law Enforcement Officers: A Critical Review.

    PubMed

    Lyons, Kate; Radburn, Cameron; Orr, Robin; Pope, Rodney

    2017-02-03

    Due to the unpredictable, varied and often physical nature of law enforcement duties, police officers are at a high risk of work-related physical injury. The aim of this critical narrative review was to identify and synthesize key findings of studies that have investigated musculoskeletal injuries sustained by law enforcement officers during occupational tasks. A systematic search of four databases using key search terms was conducted to identify potentially relevant studies, which were assessed against key inclusion and exclusion criteria to determine studies to be included in the review. Included studies were critically appraised and the level of evidence determined. Relevant data were extracted, tabulated and synthesized. The 16 identified studies ranged in percentage quality scores from 25.00% to 65.00%, with a mean score of 41.25% and high interrater agreement in scores reflected in a Cohen's Kappa coefficient, κ = 0.977. The most common body site of injury was the upper extremity, the most common injury types were soft-tissue sprains and strains and the most common cause of injury was a non-compliant offender, often involving assault. However, there was limited peer reviewed research in this area and the published research had a narrow focus and was of low to fair methodological quality.

  7. A Profile of Injuries Sustained by Law Enforcement Officers: A Critical Review

    PubMed Central

    Lyons, Kate; Radburn, Cameron; Orr, Robin; Pope, Rodney

    2017-01-01

    Due to the unpredictable, varied and often physical nature of law enforcement duties, police officers are at a high risk of work-related physical injury. The aim of this critical narrative review was to identify and synthesize key findings of studies that have investigated musculoskeletal injuries sustained by law enforcement officers during occupational tasks. A systematic search of four databases using key search terms was conducted to identify potentially relevant studies, which were assessed against key inclusion and exclusion criteria to determine studies to be included in the review. Included studies were critically appraised and the level of evidence determined. Relevant data were extracted, tabulated and synthesized. The 16 identified studies ranged in percentage quality scores from 25.00% to 65.00%, with a mean score of 41.25% and high interrater agreement in scores reflected in a Cohen’s Kappa coefficient, κ = 0.977. The most common body site of injury was the upper extremity, the most common injury types were soft-tissue sprains and strains and the most common cause of injury was a non-compliant offender, often involving assault. However, there was limited peer reviewed research in this area and the published research had a narrow focus and was of low to fair methodological quality. PMID:28165373

  8. Factors influencing law enforcement decisions to adopt an evidence-based robbery prevention program.

    PubMed

    Cabell, A; Casteel, C; Chronister, T; Nocera, M; Vladutiu, C J; Peek-Asa, C

    2013-12-01

    Homicide is the leading cause of workplace death among small retail and service businesses in the United States. Evidence-based programs have been shown to reduce robbery and robbery-related crimes in small retail businesses; however, reaching small businesses with programs has been difficult. As small businesses typically have no corporate backing or trade affiliation, police departments have been identified as potential vehicles for program dissemination. A national sample of 300 law enforcement agencies was surveyed to identify facilitators and barriers to adoption and sustainability of an evidence-based program. The questionnaire was developed using behavioral theory concepts and administered via telephone. Preliminary findings suggest the primary facilitators to program adoption included organizational capacity factors such as staff buy-in, dedicated personnel and financial support. Competing responsibilities was the primary barrier identified by agencies. Agency size and program complexity were identified as potential predictors of program adoption. Identifying agency and program-specific characteristics that influence program adoption by law enforcement agencies will be valuable for marketing programs to agencies that have the infrastructure to support and sustain program dissemination. Understanding these factors will optimize the reach of evidence-based strategies to small businesses.

  9. The ignitability of petrol vapours and potential for vapour phase explosion by use of TASER® law enforcement electronic control device.

    PubMed

    Clarke, C; Andrews, S P

    2014-12-01

    An experimental study was made of the potential of the TASER-X26™ law enforcement electronic control device to ignite petrol vapours if used by an officer to incapacitate a person soaked in petrol, or within a flammable atmosphere containing petrol vapour. Bench scale tests have shown that a wooden mannequin with pig skin covering the chest was a suitable representation of a human target. Full scale tests using the mannequin have shown that the arc from a TASER-X26™ is capable of igniting petrol/air vapours on a petrol-soaked person. Further tests in a 1/5 scale and a full scale compartment have shown that if a TASER is used within a compartment, a petrol vapour explosion (deflagration) may be achieved. It is evident from this research that if used in a flammable vapour rich environment, the device could prove fatal not only to the target but the TASER® operator as well.

  10. Web-GIS based information management system to Bureau of Law Enforcement for Urban Managementenforcement for urban management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Hai; Wang, Cheng; Ren, Bo

    2007-06-01

    Daily works of Law Enforcement Bureau are crucial in the urban management. However, with the development of the city, the information and data which are relative to Law Enforcement Bureau's daily work are increasing and updating. The increasing data result in that some traditional work is limited and inefficient in daily work. Analyzing the demands and obstacles of Law Enforcement Bureau, the paper proposes a new method to solve these problems. A web-GIS based information management system was produced for Bureau of Law Enforcement for Urban Management of Foshan. First part of the paper provides an overview of the system. Second part introduces the architecture of system and data organization. In the third part, the paper describes the design and implement of functional modules detailedly. In the end, this paper is concluded and proposes some strategic recommendations for the further development of the system. This paper focuses on the architecture and implementation of the system, solves the developing issues based on ArcServer, and introduces a new concept to the local government to solve the current problems. Practical application of this system showed that it played very important role in the Law Enforcement Bureau's work.

  11. 45 CFR 307.13 - Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Security and confidentiality for computerized... ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS § 307.13 Security and confidentiality for computerized support enforcement systems in operation after October 1, 1997. The State IV-D agency shall: (a) Information integrity and security....

  12. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 209 - Statement of Agency Policy Concerning Enforcement of the Federal Railroad Safety Laws

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... stated below an exception to its exercise of jurisdiction for a particular type of operation. This policy... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Statement of Agency Policy Concerning Enforcement... RAILROAD SAFETY ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES Pt. 209, App. A Appendix A to Part 209—Statement of Agency...

  13. Hybrid Multidimensional Relational and Link Analytical Knowledge Discovery for Law Enforcement

    SciTech Connect

    Joslyn, Cliff A.; Gillen, David S.; Burke, John S.; Critchlow, Terence J.; Damante, Matt; Fernandes, Robert

    2008-08-01

    The challenges facing the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) require not only multi-dimensional, but also multi-scale data analysis. In particular, the ability to seamlessly move from summary information, such as trends, into detailed analysis of individual entities, while critical for law enforcement, typically requires manually transferring information among multiple tools. Such time-consuming and error prone processes significantly hamper the analysts' ability to quickly explore data and identify threats. As part of a DHS Science and Technology effort, we have been developing and deploying for Immigration and Customs Enforcement the CubeLink system integrating information between relational data cubes and link analytical semantic graphs. In this paper we describe CubeLink in terms of the underlying components, their integration, and the formal mapping from multidimensional data analysis into link analysis. In so doing, we provide a formal basis for one particular form of automatic schema-ontology mapping from OLAP data cubes to semantic graphs databases, and point the way towards future ``intelligent'' OLAP data cubes equipped with meta-data about their dimensional typing.

  14. Toward a taxonomy of the unintentional discharge of firearms in law enforcement.

    PubMed

    O'Neill, John; O'Neill, Dawn A; Lewinski, William J

    2017-03-01

    An unintentional discharge (UD) is an activation of the trigger mechanism that results in an unplanned discharge that is outside of the firearm's prescribed use. UDs can result in injury or death, yet have been understudied in scientific literature. Pre-existing (1974-2015) UD reports (N = 137) from seven law enforcement agencies in the United States of America were analyzed by context, officer behavior, type of firearm, and injuries. Over 50% of UDs occurred in contexts with low threat potential while engaged in routine firearm tasks. The remaining UDs occurred in contexts with elevated to high threat potential during muscle co-activation, unfamiliar firearm tasks, contact with inanimate objects, and a medical condition. An antecedent-behavior-consequence (A-B-C) taxonomy as well as a standardized reporting form, based on the current findings and the existing literature, are offered as tools for identifying the conditions under which UDs may be likely to occur.

  15. Mobile, portable lightweight wireless video recording solutions for homeland security, defense, and law enforcement applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sandy, Matt; Goldburt, Tim; Carapezza, Edward M.

    2015-05-01

    It is desirable for executive officers of law enforcement agencies and other executive officers in homeland security and defense, as well as first responders, to have some basic information about the latest trend on mobile, portable lightweight wireless video recording solutions available on the market. This paper reviews and discusses a number of studies on the use and effectiveness of wireless video recording solutions. It provides insights into the features of wearable video recording devices that offer excellent applications for the category of security agencies listed in this paper. It also provides answers to key questions such as: how to determine the type of video recording solutions most suitable for the needs of your agency, the essential features to look for when selecting a device for your video needs, and the privacy issues involved with wearable video recording devices.

  16. Regulation for the enforcement of federal health care provider conscience protection laws. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2011-02-23

    The Department of Health and Human Services issues this final rule which provides that enforcement of the federal statutory health care provider conscience protections will be handled by the Department's Office for Civil Rights, in conjunction with the Department's funding components. This Final Rule rescinds, in part, and revises, the December 19, 2008 Final Rule entitled "Ensuring That Department of Health and Human Services Funds Do Not Support Coercive or Discriminatory Policies or Practices in Violation of Federal Law" (the "2008 Final Rule"). Neither the 2008 final rule, nor this final rule, alters the statutory protections for individuals and health care entities under the federal health care provider conscience protection statutes, including the Church Amendments, Section 245 of the Public Health Service Act, and the Weldon Amendment. These federal statutory health care provider conscience protections remain in effect.

  17. Bioethical Biobanks: Three Concerns in Designing and Using Law Enforcement DNA Identification Databases

    SciTech Connect

    D.H. Kaye

    2006-10-19

    Federal and state law enforcement authorities have amassed large collections of DNA samples and the identifying profiles derived from them. These databases help to identify the guilty and to exonerate the innocent, but as the databanks grow, so do fears about civil liberties. The research reported here discusses three legal and social policy issues that have been raised in regard to these biobanks—the choice of loci to type for identifying individuals, the indefinite retention of DNA samples, and the use of the DNA samples or the identifying profiles for research purposes. It also considers the possible value of the databases for research into the genetics of human behavior and the ethics of using them for this purpose. It rejects the broad claim that such research is inherently unethical but proposes procedures for ensuring that the value of the proposed research justifies any psychosocial or other risks to the subjects of the research.

  18. Sources of tobacco for youths in communities with strong enforcement of youth access laws

    PubMed Central

    DiFranza, J.; Coleman, M.

    2001-01-01

    AIM—To determine how youths obtain tobacco in communities with strong enforcement of tobacco sales laws.
SETTING—Ten communities in Massachusetts with merchant compliance rates at or above 90%.
METHODS—Paper surveys and focus group discussions with 68 adolescent smokers.
RESULTS—Parents and friends are the primary sources of tobacco for new smokers. When stealing from parents can no longer satisfy the need for cigarettes, young adolescents ask strangers to buy them tobacco. For high school age smokers, teenage store clerks are a major source. Teenage clerks sell to other teenagers, steal tobacco, and help their friends steal from their employers. Friends who are 18 years of age or over are a second major source for older adolescents. Parents often purchase tobacco for older adolescents.
CONCLUSION—Recommended actions include raising the minimum age for the purchase of tobacco to 21 years, and prohibiting individuals less than 21 years of age from selling tobacco.


Keywords: youth; youth access laws PMID:11740022

  19. 24 CFR 2003.7 - Authority to make law enforcement-related requests for records maintained by other agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Authority to make law enforcement... Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 2003.7 Authority...

  20. Information and the War against Terrorism, Part II: Were American Intelligence and Law Enforcement Effectively Positioned To Protect the Public?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strickland, Lee S.

    2002-01-01

    Considers the legal response to terrorism following the September 11th attacks and questions whether American intelligence and law enforcement are positioned to protect the public in an effective manner. Highlights include the business of intelligence; the collection of information; use of technology; the need to improve information sharing; and…

  1. Development of Course and Materials for Training in DWI Law Enforcement: Detection, Apprehension and Testimony. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnahan, James E.

    The report summarizes the nature, scope, and procedures used in the development of a student-oriented instructional program for training police officers in the enforcement of driving-while-intoxicated laws. Instructional materials were prepared and tested in four field trials, revised where necessary, and prepared for mass distribution and program…

  2. Should Cops Be Spies? Evaluating the Collection and Sharing of National Security Intelligence by State, Local and Tribal Law Enforcement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    to form the Department of Homeland Security” ( Clovis , 2006, p. 1). This new cabinet–level department was “composed of nearly 180,000 federal...... Clovis , 2006, p. 6). These issues are highlighted in regards to how state, local and tribal law enforcement understand classified national security

  3. 34 CFR 674.57 - Cancellation for law enforcement or corrections officer service-Federal Perkins, NDSL, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... corrections officer; or (ii) A person whose principal responsibilities are unique to the criminal justice system. (6) To qualify for a cancellation under this section, the borrower's service must be essential in..., or reduction or the enforcement of the criminal law. (4) Agencies that are primarily responsible...

  4. 34 CFR 674.57 - Cancellation for law enforcement or corrections officer service-Federal Perkins, NDSL, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... corrections officer; or (ii) A person whose principal responsibilities are unique to the criminal justice system. (6) To qualify for a cancellation under this section, the borrower's service must be essential in..., or reduction or the enforcement of the criminal law. (4) Agencies that are primarily responsible...

  5. 34 CFR 674.57 - Cancellation for law enforcement or corrections officer service-Federal Perkins, NDSL, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... corrections officer; or (ii) A person whose principal responsibilities are unique to the criminal justice system. (6) To qualify for a cancellation under this section, the borrower's service must be essential in..., or reduction or the enforcement of the criminal law. (4) Agencies that are primarily responsible...

  6. 34 CFR 674.57 - Cancellation for law enforcement or corrections officer service-Federal Perkins, NDSL, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... corrections officer; or (ii) A person whose principal responsibilities are unique to the criminal justice system. (6) To qualify for a cancellation under this section, the borrower's service must be essential in..., or reduction or the enforcement of the criminal law. (4) Agencies that are primarily responsible...

  7. 34 CFR 674.57 - Cancellation for law enforcement or corrections officer service-Federal Perkins, NDSL and Defense...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... corrections officer; or (ii) A person whose principal responsibilities are unique to the criminal justice system. (6) To qualify for a cancellation under this section, the borrower's service must be essential in..., or reduction or the enforcement of the criminal law. (4) Agencies that are primarily responsible...

  8. 76 FR 71417 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/Law Enforcement Agencies (LEA...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-17

    ... ADMINISTRATION Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (SSA/ Law Enforcement Agencies (LEA... provisions of the Privacy Act, as amended, this notice announces a renewal of an existing computer matching... above. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: A. General The Computer Matching and Privacy Protection Act of...

  9. 28 CFR 0.58 - Delegation respecting payment of benefits for disability or death of law enforcement officers not...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Delegation respecting payment of benefits for disability or death of law enforcement officers not employed by the United States. 0.58 Section 0.58 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE...

  10. 75 FR 5614 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security/ALL-025 Law Enforcement Authority in Support...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-03

    ... secured by DHS. The results are also used to pursue criminal prosecutions or civil penalty actions against... carry out national security, law enforcement, immigration, intelligence, or other functions consistent... person or entity involved in, or suspected of being involved in, criminal acts against the...

  11. Law Enforcement Training. Report to the Governor and the General Assembly of Virginia. Senate Document No. 28.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia State Crime Commission, Richmond.

    Virginia Senate Joint Resolution (SJR) 53 directed the State Crime Commission to study law enforcement training, including current standards and technology, the need for improved delivery of training, and the costs of implementing new standards and erecting appropriate facilities. During the course of the study, commission staff conducted five…

  12. When a Better Interface and Easy Navigation Aren't Enough: Examining the Information Architecture in a Law Enforcement Agency.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hauck, Roslin V.; Weisband, Suzanne

    2002-01-01

    Describes two database systems in a law enforcement agency: one is a legacy, text-based system with cumbersome navigation; the newer system is a graphical user interface with simplified navigation. Discusses results of two user studies that showed personnel preferred the older more familiar system and considers implications for system design and…

  13. 28 CFR 81.4 - Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency. 81.4 Section 81.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CHILD ABUSE AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY REPORTING DESIGNATIONS AND PROCEDURES § 81.4 Referral...

  14. 28 CFR 81.4 - Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency. 81.4 Section 81.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CHILD ABUSE AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY REPORTING DESIGNATIONS AND PROCEDURES § 81.4 Referral...

  15. 28 CFR 81.4 - Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency. 81.4 Section 81.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CHILD ABUSE AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY REPORTING DESIGNATIONS AND PROCEDURES § 81.4 Referral...

  16. 28 CFR 81.4 - Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency. 81.4 Section 81.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CHILD ABUSE AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY REPORTING DESIGNATIONS AND PROCEDURES § 81.4 Referral...

  17. 28 CFR 81.4 - Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency. 81.4 Section 81.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CHILD ABUSE AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY REPORTING DESIGNATIONS AND PROCEDURES § 81.4 Referral...

  18. 25 CFR 12.42 - Do Indian country law enforcement programs share information with their own communities or other...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... feedback and technical assistance. There will be no requirement to disclose confidential investigative... information with their own communities or other agencies? 12.42 Section 12.42 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS... Indian country law enforcement programs share information with their own communities or other...

  19. 33 CFR 187.107 - What information must be made available to assist law enforcement officials and what information...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) BOATING SAFETY VESSEL IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Information to be Collected by Participating States § 187.107... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What information must be made available to assist law enforcement officials and what information may be made available? 187.107...

  20. 33 CFR 187.107 - What information must be made available to assist law enforcement officials and what information...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) BOATING SAFETY VESSEL IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Information to be Collected by Participating States § 187.107... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What information must be made available to assist law enforcement officials and what information may be made available? 187.107...

  1. 33 CFR 187.107 - What information must be made available to assist law enforcement officials and what information...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) BOATING SAFETY VESSEL IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Information to be Collected by Participating States § 187.107... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What information must be made available to assist law enforcement officials and what information may be made available? 187.107...

  2. 33 CFR 187.107 - What information must be made available to assist law enforcement officials and what information...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) BOATING SAFETY VESSEL IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Information to be Collected by Participating States § 187.107... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What information must be made available to assist law enforcement officials and what information may be made available? 187.107...

  3. 5 CFR 842.810 - Elections to be deemed a law enforcement officer for retirement purposes by certain police...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... officer for retirement purposes by certain police officers employed by the Metropolitan Washington... § 842.810 Elections to be deemed a law enforcement officer for retirement purposes by certain police... Washington Airports Authority (MWAA) police officers employed as members of the MWAA police force as...

  4. 5 CFR 842.810 - Elections to be deemed a law enforcement officer for retirement purposes by certain police...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... officer for retirement purposes by certain police officers employed by the Metropolitan Washington... § 842.810 Elections to be deemed a law enforcement officer for retirement purposes by certain police... Washington Airports Authority (MWAA) police officers employed as members of the MWAA police force as...

  5. 5 CFR 842.810 - Elections to be deemed a law enforcement officer for retirement purposes by certain police...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... officer for retirement purposes by certain police officers employed by the Metropolitan Washington... § 842.810 Elections to be deemed a law enforcement officer for retirement purposes by certain police... Washington Airports Authority (MWAA) police officers employed as members of the MWAA police force as...

  6. 5 CFR 842.810 - Elections to be deemed a law enforcement officer for retirement purposes by certain police...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... officer for retirement purposes by certain police officers employed by the Metropolitan Washington... § 842.810 Elections to be deemed a law enforcement officer for retirement purposes by certain police... Washington Airports Authority (MWAA) police officers employed as members of the MWAA police force as...

  7. Child Molesters: A Behavioral Analysis. For Law-Enforcement Officers Investigating Cases of Child Sexual Exploitation. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lanning, Kenneth V.

    This booklet provides a behavioral analysis of child molesters. The terms child molesters and pedophiles are defined and distinctions are drawn between the two. The second section develops a law enforcement typology differing from those of mental health professionals, focusing on pre-arrest behavior or pre-identification behavior of child…

  8. 8 CFR 212.14 - Parole determinations for alien witnesses and informants for whom a law enforcement authority...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... and informants for whom a law enforcement authority (âLEAâ) will request S classification. 212.14... classification. (a) Parole authority. Parole authorization under section 212(d)(5) of the Act for aliens whom... matters and to apply for S classification shall be exercised as follows: (1) Grounds of eligibility....

  9. The Clery Act and the Views of Campus Law Enforcement Officers. Educational Policy Institute of Virginia Tech Policy Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Janosik, Steven M.; Gregory, Dennis E.

    This report is the second in a series that focuses on the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act. It reports on a study of the effects of the Clery Act on law enforcement on college and university campuses, how institutions are distributing the mandatory reports on campus crime, and whether the Act has…

  10. A Police Executive Development Program; Final Report to Office of Law Enforcement Assistance, United States Department of Justice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saint Petersburg Junior Coll., FL. Florida Inst. for Law Enforcement.

    An experimental course was devised for 36 law enforcement administrators which provided for contact periods spread over eight months and a final retraining session in the 12th month. The course integrated study of the behavioral sciences and communications, executive and professional skills, speeches and informal discussion for professional…

  11. 8 CFR 1212.14 - Parole determinations for alien witnesses and informants for whom a law enforcement authority...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Parole determinations for alien witnesses... ALIENS; PAROLE § 1212.14 Parole determinations for alien witnesses and informants for whom a law enforcement authority (“LEA”) will request S classification. (a) Parole authority. Parole authorization...

  12. 8 CFR 1212.14 - Parole determinations for alien witnesses and informants for whom a law enforcement authority...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Parole determinations for alien witnesses... ALIENS; PAROLE § 1212.14 Parole determinations for alien witnesses and informants for whom a law enforcement authority (“LEA”) will request S classification. (a) Parole authority. Parole authorization...

  13. 8 CFR 1212.14 - Parole determinations for alien witnesses and informants for whom a law enforcement authority...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Parole determinations for alien witnesses... ALIENS; PAROLE § 1212.14 Parole determinations for alien witnesses and informants for whom a law enforcement authority (“LEA”) will request S classification. (a) Parole authority. Parole authorization...

  14. Peculiarities of US Border Guard Officers' Training at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center Using Online Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloshchynskyi, Ihor

    2015-01-01

    Professional training of future US border guard officers at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center using e-FLETC Online Campus has been substantiated in the article. Special attention has been paid to revealing such topical areas of Online Campus computer-based training modules (crime scene, driver training, drugs, firearms, health,…

  15. 41 CFR 102-75.815 - What happens if property conveyed for correctional facility, law enforcement, or emergency...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What happens if property conveyed for correctional facility, law enforcement, or emergency management response purposes is found to be in noncompliance with the terms of the conveyance documents? 102-75.815 Section 102-75.815...

  16. Online Training: An Evaluation of the Effectiveness and Efficiency of Training Law Enforcement Personnel over the Internet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmeeckle, Joyce M.

    2003-01-01

    Study 1 evaluates the effectiveness and efficiency of online training with Nebraska Law Enforcement Training Center's (NLETC's) Jail Management trainees. Results indicate that online training is as effective as and more efficient than classroom training. Study 2 examined learning, instructional time, motivation, and attitude advantages of…

  17. Hyperspeed data acquisition for 3D computer vision metrology as applied to law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Altschuler, Bruce R.

    1997-02-01

    cycling at 1 millisecond, each pattern is projected and recorded in a cycle time of 1/500th second. An entire set of patterns can then be recorded within 1/60th second. This pattern set contains all the information necessary to calculate a 3-D map. The use of hyper-speed parallel video cameras in conjunction with high speed modulators enables video data rate acquisition of all data necessary to calculate numerical digital 3-D metrological surface data. Thus a 3-D video camera can operate at the rate of a conventional 2-D video camera. The speed of actual 3-D output information is a function of the speed of the computer, a parallel processor being preferred for the task. With video rate 3-D data acquisition law enforcement could survey crime scenes, obtain evidence, watch and record people, packages, suitcases, and record disaster scenes very rapidly.

  18. National Enforcement Initiative: Ensuring Energy Extraction Activities Comply with Environmental Laws

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This page describes energy extraction and EPA's goal in assuring that energy sources are developed in an environmentally protective manner. Both enforcement cases, and a map of enforcement actions are provided.

  19. Field Operations and Enforcement Manual for Air Pollution Control. Volume III: Inspection Procedures for Specific Industries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weisburd, Melvin I.

    The Field Operations and Enforcement Manual for Air Pollution Control, Volume III, explains in detail the following: inspection procedures for specific sources, kraft pulp mills, animal rendering, steel mill furnaces, coking operations, petroleum refineries, chemical plants, non-ferrous smelting and refining, foundries, cement plants, aluminum…

  20. Firearm Prevalence and Homicides of Law Enforcement Officers in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Simmons, Molly M.; Dominici, Francesca; Hemenway, David

    2015-01-01

    Objectives. In the United States, state firearm ownership has been correlated with homicide rates. More than 90% of homicides of law enforcement officers (LEOs) are committed with firearms. We examined the relationship between state firearm ownership rates and LEO occupational homicide rates. Methods. We obtained the number LEOs killed from 1996 to 2010 from a Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) database. We calculated homicide rates per state as the number of officers killed per number of LEOs per state, obtained from another FBI database. We obtained the mean household firearm ownership for each state from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Results. Using Poisson regression and controlling for factors known to affect homicide rates, we associated firearm ownership with the homicide rates for LEOs (incidence rate ratio = 1.044; P = .005); our results were supported by cross-sectional and longitudinal sensitivity analyses. LEO homicide rates were 3 times higher in states with high firearm ownership compared with states with low firearm ownership. Conclusions. High public gun ownership is a risk for occupational mortality for LEOs in the United States. States could consider methods for reducing firearm ownership as a way to reduce occupational deaths of LEOs. PMID:26270316

  1. Role of law enforcement response and microbial forensics in investigation of bioterrorism.

    PubMed

    Budowle, Bruce; Beaudry, Jodi A; Barnaby, Neel G; Giusti, Alan M; Bannan, Jason D; Keim, Paul

    2007-08-01

    The risk and threat of bioterrorism and biocrime have become a large concern and challenge for governments and society to enhance biosecurity. Law enforcement plays an important role in assessing and investigating activities involved in an event of bioterrorism or biocrime. Key to a successful biosecurity program is increased awareness and early detection of threats facilitated by an integrated network of responsibilities and capabilities from government, academic, private, and public assets. To support an investigation, microbial forensic sciences are employed to analyze and characterize forensic evidence with the goal of attribution or crime scene reconstruction. Two different molecular biology-based assays--real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and repetitive element PCR--are described and demonstrate how molecular biology tools may be utilized to aid in the investigative process. Technologies relied on by microbial forensic scientists need to be properly validated so that the methods used are understood and so that interpretation of results is carried out within the limitations of the assays. The three types of validation are preliminary, developmental, and internal. The first is necessary for rapid response when a threat is imminent or an attack has recently occurred. The latter two apply to implementation of routinely used procedures.

  2. Role of Law Enforcement Response and Microbial Forensics in Investigation of Bioterrorism

    PubMed Central

    Budowle, Bruce; Beaudry, Jodi A.; Barnaby, Neel G.; Giusti, Alan M.; Bannan, Jason D.; Keim, Paul

    2007-01-01

    The risk and threat of bioterrorism and biocrime have become a large concern and challenge for governments and society to enhance biosecurity. Law enforcement plays an important role in assessing and investigating activities involved in an event of bioterrorism or biocrime. Key to a successful biosecurity program is increased awareness and early detection of threats facilitated by an integrated network of responsibilities and capabilities from government, academic, private, and public assets. To support an investigation, microbial forensic sciences are employed to analyze and characterize forensic evidence with the goal of attribution or crime scene reconstruction. Two different molecular biology-based assays – real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and repetitive element PCR – are described and demonstrate how molecular biology tools may be utilized to aid in the investigative process. Technologies relied on by microbial forensic scientists need to be properly validated so that the methods used are understood and so that interpretation of results is carried out within the limitations of the assays. The three types of validation are preliminary, developmental, and internal. The first is necessary for rapid response when a threat is imminent or an attack has recently occurred. The latter two apply to implementation of routinely used procedures. PMID:17696298

  3. Fixed and wearable acoustic counter-sniper systems for law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duckworth, Gregory L.; Barger, James E.; Carlson, S. H.; Gilbert, Douglas C.; Knack, M. L.; Korn, Jeffrey; Mullen, R. J.

    1999-01-01

    BBN has developed flexible counter-sniper technology capable of shooter and bullet trajectory localization using fixed, vehicle-mounted, and/or body-worn microphone sensors. The proof of principle (POP) systems developed are accurate, low-cost, lightweight, and easy to install and use. The use of both supersonic bullet shock waves, and/or the muzzle blast, allows detection and localization of shooters with intentional or accidental muzzle blast suppression, or with subsonic rounds. This makes the system capable of finding shooters firing from within buildings or vehicles. It also requires fewer sensor installations per unit area and increases system robustness to the noise and reverberation present in urban settings. In this paper we first summarize the current POP system hardware and software configurations and show the results of government testing in urban and rural environments for military applications. Following this, cost and performance issues for urban law enforcement applications are presented, and performance predictions for various system configurations in an urban street monitoring scenario are given.

  4. Investigating clandestine drug laboratories: adverse medical effects in law enforcement personnel.

    PubMed

    Burgess, J L; Barnhart, S; Checkoway, H

    1996-10-01

    A retrospective cohort study was conducted among an international group of 46 law enforcement chemists and 13 Washington State clandestine drug laboratory investigation team members with more than 2,800 combined investigations. Each participant completed a questionnaire concerning previous drug laboratory investigations and adverse health effects during response activities. Methamphetamine laboratories accounted for 81-97% of all responses. Total illness incident rates varied between 0.75-3.4% of responses. Most exposures were through inhalation, and many occurred in the years prior to use of personal protective equipment. Symptoms were primarily those of headache and respiratory, mucous membrane, and skin irritation. Most illness episodes occurred during the processing phase of laboratory responses, and none occurred during the entry phase. A majority of illness episodes occurred in laboratories with leak/spills, fire/explosion, or uncontrolled reactions. Responding to an active laboratory was associated with a 7 to 15-fold risk of becoming ill as compared with setup, in-transit, or former (equipment removed) laboratory responses. No other laboratories characteristics were consistently associated with a significantly elevated relative risk of adverse health effects.

  5. FlexPlex27-highly multiplexed rapid DNA identification for law enforcement, kinship, and military applications.

    PubMed

    Grover, Ranjana; Jiang, Hua; Turingan, Rosemary S; French, Julie L; Tan, Eugene; Selden, Richard F

    2017-03-03

    Rapid DNA identification is the use of a rugged, field-deployable system to generate short tandem repeat (STR) profiles in law enforcement, military, immigration, and homeland security applications. A performance verification study was conducted on the ANDE Rapid DNA identification system using FlexPlex27, a highly multiplexed, 27 locus assay that generates data for the expanded CODIS core loci and all additional STR loci required for international databasing. The assay contains 23 autosomal loci (D1S1656, D2S1338, D2S441, D3S1358, D5S81, D6S1043, D7S820, D8S1179, D10S1248, D12S391, D13S317, D16S539, D18S51, D19S433, D21S11, D22S1045, FGA, CSF1PO, Penta E, TH01, vWA, TPOX, and SE33), three Y-chromosomal loci (DYS391, DYS576, and DYS570), and Amelogenin. Study results demonstrate that the instrument is reliable, reproducible, accurate, robust, and ready for a large scale, comprehensive developmental validation by NDIS-participating laboratories. The additional loci in the FlexPlex assay allow for improved STR profile sharing globally, increase the power of discrimination for identification matches, and improve the effectiveness of kinship analyses.

  6. EPA's law enforcement authority. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session, December 19, 1983

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-01-01

    Criminal investigators from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and its field offices testified at a hearing on whether EPA has sufficient authority to investigate criminal violations, particularly in the area of illegal disposal of hazardous materials. They reported on the agency's progress in staffing a unit with authority comparable to that of Customs and the FBI. The Justice Department opposed deputizing EPA investigators, but the committee found that investigators in the 22 states surveyed operate with law-enforcement powers. Material submitted for the record by EPA, the Justice Department, and others follows the testimony of 10 witnesses.

  7. Enhanced enforcement of laws to prevent alcohol sales to underage persons--New Hampshire, 1999-2004.

    PubMed

    2004-06-04

    In 1984, the National Minimum Drinking Age Act (Public Law 98-363) was passed, requiring states to raise to 21 years the minimum age to purchase and publicly possess alcohol. Although the law has contributed to substantial reductions in underage drinking and alcohol-related motor-vehicle crashes, alcohol use and binge drinking rates among youths remain high in the United States, and efforts by youths to purchase alcohol from licensed establishments frequently are successful. To reduce alcohol sales to persons aged <21 years in Concord (2000 population: 40,687), New Hampshire, the Concord Police Department (CPD) and New Hampshire Liquor Commission (NHLC) conducted a pilot program of enhanced law enforcement with quarterly compliance checks of alcohol licenses during March 2002-February 2004. This report summarizes the results of that program, which indicated that enhanced enforcement 1) resulted in a 64% reduction in retail alcohol sales to underage youths and 2) was temporally associated with declines in alcohol use and binge drinking among Concord high school students. These findings emphasize the potential effectiveness of enhanced enforcement of minimum drinking age laws to reduce consumption of alcohol by underage youths.

  8. 19 CFR 111.45 - Revocation by operation of law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Revocation by operation of law. 111.45 Section 111... operation of law. (a) License. If a broker that is a partnership, association, or corporation fails to have... operation of law of the license and any permits issued to the partnership, association, or corporation....

  9. Exploring the role of the internet in juvenile prostitution cases coming to the attention of law enforcement.

    PubMed

    Wells, Melissa; Mitchell, Kimberly J; Ji, Kai

    2012-01-01

    This exploratory analysis examines the role of the Internet in juvenile prostitution cases coming to the attention of law enforcement. The National Juvenile Prostitution Study (N-JPS) collected information from a national sample of law enforcement agencies about the characteristics of juvenile prostitution cases. In comparison to non-Internet juvenile prostitution cases, Internet juvenile prostitution cases involved younger juveniles and police were more likely to treat juveniles as victims rather than offenders. In addition, these cases were significantly more likely to involve a family or acquaintance exploiter. This analysis suggests that the role of the Internet may impact legal and social service response to juveniles involved in prostitution. In addition, it highlights the need for interventions that acknowledge the vulnerabilities of youth involved in this type of commercial sexual exploitation.

  10. Inaccurate trauma history due to fear of health care personnel involving law enforcement in children of noncitizen immigrants.

    PubMed

    Waldrop, Ron D; Felter, Robert A

    2010-12-01

    Two cases illustrating intentional withholding of information by noncitizen parents of children with major trauma are described. The difficulties and the results of not obtaining an accurate history in the initial assessment of accidental trauma victims are discussed. The core problem in these cases seems to be a fear of health care providers and a false perception that emergency medical services and emergency department personnel are extensions of law enforcement. These cases illustrate potential issues in managing the children of noncitizen immigrants.

  11. 14 CFR 13.401 - Flight Operational Quality Assurance Program: Prohibition against use of data for enforcement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Flight Operational Quality Assurance Program: Prohibition against use of data for enforcement purposes. 13.401 Section 13.401 Aeronautics and... ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES Flight Operational Quality Assurance Programs § 13.401 Flight Operational...

  12. Weapons team engagement trainer: a transfer of high-tech military training technology to the law enforcement community

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Franz, Thomas M.; Gonos, Greg; Simek, Lisa

    1999-01-01

    Six years ago at SPIE, a team of government researchers and engineers unveiled a new, military, weapons team engagement trainer (WTET). At that time, potential applications of this prototype military training device to civilian law enforcement training were realized. Subsequent action was taken under the Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986, enabling the transfer of WTET to the private sector, through a cooperative agreement between: the Office of Naval Research (ONR), NAWCTSD, and the commercial weapons training organization Firearms Training Systems, Inc. (FATS). Planning also began for release of a commercial WTET sytem. The government research and development facility and the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) formed a cooperative agreement to make the prototype system available to military, federal, and local law enforcement agencies for use in Orlando, Florida - until a commercial version could become available. This cooperative effort has provided evidence of the effectiveness and realism of WTET with law enforcement personnel. This paper offers a technical description of the improvements made to WTET, a brief explanation of the commercialization process, a summary of the evaluations conducted to date, and insight into how that information has been used in the development of the commercial version.

  13. Mitigating pesticide pollution in China requires law enforcement, farmer training, and technological innovation.

    PubMed

    Li, Huizhen; Zeng, Eddy Y; You, Jing

    2014-05-01

    To feed an ever-growing population, it is necessary to take all measures to increase crop yields, including the use of pesticides. It has long been a difficult task to boost agricultural production and simultaneously minimize the impact of pesticide application on the environment, particularly in China, a developing country with more than 1.3 billion people. China has recently become the world's leading producer and consumer of pesticides, with production and consumption reaching 265 tons and 179 tons, respectively, in 2011, and a national average pesticide application dosage of more than 14 kg/ha. The large quantities of pesticides applied in agricultural fields have resulted in serious environmental deterioration. Organochlorine pesticides, such as dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane and hexachlorohexane, have become ubiquitous in the environment of China, with spatial distributions in soils and aquatic systems similar to their historic application patterns in different geographic regions: southeast > central > northwest. Pollution by current-use pesticides, for example, organophosphates and pyrethroids, has also been of great concern. To mitigate pesticide pollution in China, a significant reduction in pesticide inputs into the environment is mandatory. This can be accomplished only with joint efforts by the government, professionals, and citizens in combination with rigorous enforcement of laws and regulations, training of farmers in pesticide knowledge and environmental awareness, and technological innovation for producing low-risk pesticides and developing efficient application approaches. Restoring contaminated sites is also an urgent task. Finally, food security and environmental pollution are not problems for a sole country, and international cooperation and communication are necessary.

  14. Stimulating and Enhancing Partnerships Between Transplant Professionals and Law Enforcement: Recommendations

    PubMed Central

    Capron, Alexander Morgan; Muller, Elmi; Erlich, Gilad; John, Manoj; Bienstock, Ric Esther; McCarren, Mark; Palmer, Robin; Scheper-Hughes, Nancy; Siegel, Dina; Yankov, Jordan

    2016-01-01

    Abstract To help combat trafficking in human beings for organ removal (THBOR), transplant professionals need to do more than carry out careful, multidisciplinary screening of potential living donors; they also need to communicate and collaborate with law enforcement professionals. This will involve transplant professionals educating investigators and prosecutors about transplant practices and in turn learning about THBOR and how it is prosecuted. Cases of illegal organ transplantation need to be detected at different levels. First, the victims of the crime itself need to be identified, especially when they present themselves for screening. Physicians have a collective responsibility to prevent exploitation of people, including THBOR victims. The second level involves the more difficult matter of making reports that involve transplant tourists who have returned home after receipt of an organ and need follow-up care. Besides counseling patients prospectively about the legal as well as medical risks in receiving a vended organ in a foreign transplant center, physicians treating such patients could have an obligation to report what has happened, if the government has established a mechanism that either allows reporting THBOR that does not include the identity of the patient or that treats patients as victims provided they cooperate in investigation and prosecution of the persons responsible for obtaining or implanting the organs. The third level of cooperation involves transplant professionals who participate in THBOR. Professional societies need to undertake programs to make physicians and nurses aware that their responsibility to protect their professions' reputation includes identifying members of their professions who depart from professional ethics. Doing so allows the local professional societies and state boards to discipline such violators. All 3 of these functions would be facilitated by the creation by an international body such as World Health Organization

  15. Diagnostic overview of the illegal trade in primates and law enforcement in Peru.

    PubMed

    Shanee, Noga; Mendoza, A Patricia; Shanee, Sam

    2015-12-18

    Peru has one of the richest primate faunas of any country. The illegal trade in wild primates is one of the largest threats to this fauna in Peru. We characterize the illegal trade in primates through empirical and ethnographic data. We collected data from traffic routes and centers throughout Peru and evaluate current efforts to combat this traffic. Based on our findings from 2,070 instances of wildlife crime involving 6,872 primates, we estimate the domestic trade in primates for pets and bushmeat in Peru in the hundreds of thousands per year, with the larger bodied Atelidae facing the highest direct consequences. We found that government authorities lack sufficient staff, capacity, resources, infrastructure, and protocols to efficiently combat illegal trade in primates. Also, the complicated legal framework and lack of cooperation and antagonism with the public further limit these efforts. Wildlife authorities in Peru are able to confiscate only a fraction of primates traded and mostly intervene in cases of private pet owners rather than traffickers. We estimate that the current rate of illegal trade in primates is comparable to levels of trade prior to the 1973 ban on primates' exportation. The combination of direct observations on primate trade and ethnographic data allows a comprehensive look at primate trade in Peru. We call upon decision makers and international funders to channel their efforts toward "on the ground" actions such as increasing the ability of the authorities to act, giving them "in action" training in law enforcement and establishing strict control measures against corruption. Am. J. Primatol. 9999:1-12, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  16. Stimulating and Enhancing Partnerships Between Transplant Professionals and Law Enforcement: Recommendations.

    PubMed

    Capron, Alexander Morgan; Muller, Elmi; Erlich, Gilad; John, Manoj; Bienstock, Ric Esther; McCarren, Mark; Palmer, Robin; Scheper-Hughes, Nancy; Siegel, Dina; Yankov, Jordan

    2016-02-01

    To help combat trafficking in human beings for organ removal (THBOR), transplant professionals need to do more than carry out careful, multidisciplinary screening of potential living donors; they also need to communicate and collaborate with law enforcement professionals. This will involve transplant professionals educating investigators and prosecutors about transplant practices and in turn learning about THBOR and how it is prosecuted. Cases of illegal organ transplantation need to be detected at different levels. First, the victims of the crime itself need to be identified, especially when they present themselves for screening. Physicians have a collective responsibility to prevent exploitation of people, including THBOR victims. The second level involves the more difficult matter of making reports that involve transplant tourists who have returned home after receipt of an organ and need follow-up care. Besides counseling patients prospectively about the legal as well as medical risks in receiving a vended organ in a foreign transplant center, physicians treating such patients could have an obligation to report what has happened, if the government has established a mechanism that either allows reporting THBOR that does not include the identity of the patient or that treats patients as victims provided they cooperate in investigation and prosecution of the persons responsible for obtaining or implanting the organs. The third level of cooperation involves transplant professionals who participate in THBOR. Professional societies need to undertake programs to make physicians and nurses aware that their responsibility to protect their professions' reputation includes identifying members of their professions who depart from professional ethics. Doing so allows the local professional societies and state boards to discipline such violators. All 3 of these functions would be facilitated by the creation by an international body such as World Health Organization of a

  17. The Multinational Division: Is it Viable in Peace Enforcement Operations?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    reluctance to contribute to Phase III offensive operations. FIGURE 3. BATTLE SPACE MANAGEMENT 5 BABILON AL QADISIYAH AN NAJAF KARBALA XX WASIT Legenda 3 BG...KARBALA 1 BG – BABILON 2 BG – CAMP BABILON 4, 5 BG – AL KUT 6,7 BG - AD DIWANIYAH 8,9 BG – AN NAJAF CITY AAG – AL KUT Legenda 3 BG – KARBALA 1 BG... BABILON 2 BG – CAMP BABILON 4, 5 BG – AL KUT 6,7 BG - AD DIWANIYAH 8,9 BG – AN NAJAF CITY AAG – AL KUT 3 BCT X PL I I X 2 BCT PL/LT/LAT I I 1 BLG3 HON8

  18. Federal Drug Law Enforcement and Interdiction. Hearing before the Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, Second Session, May 22, 1984.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control.

    This document contains testimony and prepared statements from the Congressional hearing on federal drug law enforcement. Statements are given from Congressman Claude Pepper, the staff director of the National Narcotics Border Interdiction System (NNBIS), an administrator from the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), a commissioner from the…

  19. 14 CFR 13.401 - Flight Operational Quality Assurance Program: Prohibition against use of data for enforcement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... description of the operator's plan for collecting and analyzing flight recorded data from line operations on a... Program: Prohibition against use of data for enforcement purposes. 13.401 Section 13.401 Aeronautics and... Assurance Program: Prohibition against use of data for enforcement purposes. (a) Applicability. This...

  20. 43 CFR 34.7 - Incorporation by operation of law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Incorporation by operation of law. 34.7... OPPORTUNITY DURING CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.7 Incorporation by operation of law. (a) The Equal Opportunity Clause shall be deemed incorporated into...