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Sample records for lawrencium 256

  1. Fermium, Mendelevium, Nobelium, and Lawrencium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Silva, Robert J.

    Because of conflicting claims, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) recently reviewed the names of all the trans-fermium elements; Muünzenberg (1999) has published a detailed discussion of the problems and the resolution. First, a Transfermium Working Group decided the priority of discoveries. Next, the discoverers proposed names to the IUPAC and names were officially accepted by that body. The names for the elements mendelevium, nobelium, and lawrencium were retained as originally proposed at the time of their discoveries.

  2. Measurement of the first ionization potential of lawrencium, element 103.

    PubMed

    Sato, T K; Asai, M; Borschevsky, A; Stora, T; Sato, N; Kaneya, Y; Tsukada, K; Düllmann, Ch E; Eberhardt, K; Eliav, E; Ichikawa, S; Kaldor, U; Kratz, J V; Miyashita, S; Nagame, Y; Ooe, K; Osa, A; Renisch, D; Runke, J; Schädel, M; Thörle-Pospiech, P; Toyoshima, A; Trautmann, N

    2015-04-01

    The chemical properties of an element are primarily governed by the configuration of electrons in the valence shell. Relativistic effects influence the electronic structure of heavy elements in the sixth row of the periodic table, and these effects increase dramatically in the seventh row--including the actinides--even affecting ground-state configurations. Atomic s and p1/2 orbitals are stabilized by relativistic effects, whereas p3/2, d and f orbitals are destabilized, so that ground-state configurations of heavy elements may differ from those of lighter elements in the same group. The first ionization potential (IP1) is a measure of the energy required to remove one valence electron from a neutral atom, and is an atomic property that reflects the outermost electronic configuration. Precise and accurate experimental determination of IP1 gives information on the binding energy of valence electrons, and also, therefore, on the degree of relativistic stabilization. However, such measurements are hampered by the difficulty in obtaining the heaviest elements on scales of more than one atom at a time. Here we report that the experimentally obtained IP1 of the heaviest actinide, lawrencium (Lr, atomic number 103), is 4.96(+0.08)(-0.07) electronvolts. The IP1 of Lr was measured with (256)Lr (half-life 27 seconds) using an efficient surface ion-source and a radioisotope detection system coupled to a mass separator. The measured IP1 is in excellent agreement with the value of 4.963(15) electronvolts predicted here by state-of-the-art relativistic calculations. The present work provides a reliable benchmark for theoretical calculations and also opens the way for IP1 measurements of superheavy elements (that is, transactinides) on an atom-at-a-time scale.

  3. Measurement of the first ionization potential of lawrencium, element 103

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sato, T. K.; Asai, M.; Borschevsky, A.; Stora, T.; Sato, N.; Kaneya, Y.; Tsukada, K.; Düllmann, Ch. E.; Eberhardt, K.; Eliav, E.; Ichikawa, S.; Kaldor, U.; Kratz, J. V.; Miyashita, S.; Nagame, Y.; Ooe, K.; Osa, A.; Renisch, D.; Runke, J.; Schädel, M.; Thörle-Pospiech, P.; Toyoshima, A.; Trautmann, N.

    2015-04-01

    The chemical properties of an element are primarily governed by the configuration of electrons in the valence shell. Relativistic effects influence the electronic structure of heavy elements in the sixth row of the periodic table, and these effects increase dramatically in the seventh row--including the actinides--even affecting ground-state configurations. Atomic s and p1/2 orbitals are stabilized by relativistic effects, whereas p3/2, d and f orbitals are destabilized, so that ground-state configurations of heavy elements may differ from those of lighter elements in the same group. The first ionization potential (IP1) is a measure of the energy required to remove one valence electron from a neutral atom, and is an atomic property that reflects the outermost electronic configuration. Precise and accurate experimental determination of IP1 gives information on the binding energy of valence electrons, and also, therefore, on the degree of relativistic stabilization. However, such measurements are hampered by the difficulty in obtaining the heaviest elements on scales of more than one atom at a time. Here we report that the experimentally obtained IP1 of the heaviest actinide, lawrencium (Lr, atomic number 103), is electronvolts. The IP1 of Lr was measured with 256Lr (half-life 27 seconds) using an efficient surface ion-source and a radioisotope detection system coupled to a mass separator. The measured IP1 is in excellent agreement with the value of 4.963(15) electronvolts predicted here by state-of-the-art relativistic calculations. The present work provides a reliable benchmark for theoretical calculations and also opens the way for IP1 measurements of superheavy elements (that is, transactinides) on an atom-at-a-time scale.

  4. Measurement of the first ionization potential of lawrencium, element 103.

    PubMed

    Sato, T K; Asai, M; Borschevsky, A; Stora, T; Sato, N; Kaneya, Y; Tsukada, K; Düllmann, Ch E; Eberhardt, K; Eliav, E; Ichikawa, S; Kaldor, U; Kratz, J V; Miyashita, S; Nagame, Y; Ooe, K; Osa, A; Renisch, D; Runke, J; Schädel, M; Thörle-Pospiech, P; Toyoshima, A; Trautmann, N

    2015-04-01

    The chemical properties of an element are primarily governed by the configuration of electrons in the valence shell. Relativistic effects influence the electronic structure of heavy elements in the sixth row of the periodic table, and these effects increase dramatically in the seventh row--including the actinides--even affecting ground-state configurations. Atomic s and p1/2 orbitals are stabilized by relativistic effects, whereas p3/2, d and f orbitals are destabilized, so that ground-state configurations of heavy elements may differ from those of lighter elements in the same group. The first ionization potential (IP1) is a measure of the energy required to remove one valence electron from a neutral atom, and is an atomic property that reflects the outermost electronic configuration. Precise and accurate experimental determination of IP1 gives information on the binding energy of valence electrons, and also, therefore, on the degree of relativistic stabilization. However, such measurements are hampered by the difficulty in obtaining the heaviest elements on scales of more than one atom at a time. Here we report that the experimentally obtained IP1 of the heaviest actinide, lawrencium (Lr, atomic number 103), is 4.96(+0.08)(-0.07) electronvolts. The IP1 of Lr was measured with (256)Lr (half-life 27 seconds) using an efficient surface ion-source and a radioisotope detection system coupled to a mass separator. The measured IP1 is in excellent agreement with the value of 4.963(15) electronvolts predicted here by state-of-the-art relativistic calculations. The present work provides a reliable benchmark for theoretical calculations and also opens the way for IP1 measurements of superheavy elements (that is, transactinides) on an atom-at-a-time scale. PMID:25855457

  5. Chemistry of the heaviest actinides: fermium, mendelevium, nobelium, and lawrencium

    SciTech Connect

    Hulet, E.K.

    1980-01-01

    The chemical properties of the heavy actinides systematically deviate from those of their lanthanide counterparts. The differences between the later elements of the 4f and 5f series can be generally interpreted on the basis of subtle changes in electronic structure. The most important change is a lowering of the 5f energy levels with respect to the Fermi level and a wider separation between the 5f ground states and the first excited states in the 6d or 7p levels. It was concluded that these shifts toward greater stabilization of 5f orbitals with increasing atomic number are mainly supported by the appearance of the divalent oxidation state well before the end of the actinide series and the predominance of the divalent state in the next to last element in the series. The chemistry of fermium, mendelevium, nobelium, and lawrencium was discussed. 8 figures 4 tables. (DP)

  6. Predicting the Atomic Weights of the Trans-Lawrencium Elements: A Novel Application of Dobereiner's Triads

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ibrahim, Sami A.

    2005-01-01

    Johann Wolfgang Dobereiner, in 1829, made the first significant attempt to reveal a relation between the properties of the chemical elements and their atomic weights. His groupings remain useful for providing reasonable estimates for the properties and the atomic weights of the trans-lawrencium elements.

  7. Atom-at-a-time radiochemical separations of the heaviest elements: Lawrencium chemistry

    SciTech Connect

    Hoffman, D.C.; Henderson, R.A.; Gregorich, K.E.; Bennett, D.A.; Chasteler, R.M.; Gannett, C.M.; Hall, H.L.; Lee, D.M.; Nurmia, M.J.; Silva, R.J.

    1987-04-01

    The isotope /sup 260/Lr produced in reactions of /sup 18/O with /sup 249/Bk was used to perform chemical experiments on lawrencium to learn more about its chemical properties. These experiments involved extractions with thenoyl trifluoroacetate (TTA), ammonium alpha-hydroxyisobutyrate (HIB) elution from a cation exchange resin column, and reverse-phase chromatography using hydrogen di(2-ethylhexyl)orthophosphoric acid (HDEHP) to investigate the chemical properties of Lr. The results from the HIB elutions also give information about the ionic radius of Lr(III) which was found to elute very close to Er. An attempt to reduce Lr(III) was also made.

  8. 30 CFR 256.8-256.12 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false 256.8-256.12 Section 256.8-256.12 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas, and...

  9. 30 CFR 256.2-256.5 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false 256.2-256.5 Section 256.2-256.5 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas, and...

  10. 30 CFR 256.8-256.12 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false 256.8-256.12 Section 256.8-256.12 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas, and...

  11. 30 CFR 256.2-256.5 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false 256.2-256.5 Section 256.2-256.5 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas, and...

  12. 30 CFR 256.2-256.5 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false 256.2-256.5 Section 256.2-256.5 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas, and...

  13. 30 CFR 256.8-256.12 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false 256.8-256.12 Section 256.8-256.12 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas, and...

  14. 30 CFR 256.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas, and Sulphur Management, General § 256.1 Purpose. The purpose of the regulations in 30 CFR part 256 is to establish the...

  15. 30 CFR 256.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas, and Sulphur Management, General § 256.1 Purpose. The purpose of the regulations in 30 CFR part 256 is to establish the...

  16. 30 CFR 256.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas, and Sulphur Management, General § 256.1 Purpose. The purpose of the regulations in 30 CFR part 256 is to establish the...

  17. 30 CFR 256.37 - Lease term.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Lease term. 256.37 Section 256.37 Mineral... IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Issuance of Leases § 256.37 Lease term. (a)(1) All oil and gas leases... between 400 and 800 meters, it will have an initial lease term of 8 years unless MMS establishes...

  18. 30 CFR 256.71 - Directional drilling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Directional drilling. 256.71 Section 256.71..., and Extensions § 256.71 Directional drilling. In accordance with an approved exploration plan or development and production plan, a lease may be maintained in force by directional wells drilled under...

  19. 30 CFR 256.71 - Directional drilling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Directional drilling. 256.71 Section 256.71... § 256.71 Directional drilling. In accordance with a BOEM-approved exploration plan or development and production plan, a lease may be maintained in force by directional wells drilled under the leased area...

  20. 30 CFR 256.71 - Directional drilling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Directional drilling. 256.71 Section 256.71... § 256.71 Directional drilling. In accordance with a BOEM-approved exploration plan or development and production plan, a lease may be maintained in force by directional wells drilled under the leased area...

  1. 30 CFR 256.0 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false 256.0 Section 256.0 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND... § 256.0...

  2. 37 CFR 256.1 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false General. 256.1 Section 256.1 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPYRIGHT ARBITRATION ROYALTY PANEL RULES AND PROCEDURES ADJUSTMENT OF ROYALTY FEE FOR CABLE COMPULSORY LICENSE § 256.1 General....

  3. 37 CFR 256.1 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General. 256.1 Section 256.1 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPYRIGHT ARBITRATION ROYALTY PANEL RULES AND PROCEDURES ADJUSTMENT OF ROYALTY FEE FOR CABLE COMPULSORY LICENSE § 256.1 General....

  4. 30 CFR 256.2 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Policy. 256.2 Section 256.2 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas, and Sulphur Management, General § 256.2...

  5. 24 CFR 92.256 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false 92.256 Section 92.256 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Project Requirements § 92.256...

  6. 24 CFR 92.256 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false 92.256 Section 92.256 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Project Requirements § 92.256...

  7. 24 CFR 92.256 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false 92.256 Section 92.256 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Project Requirements § 92.256...

  8. 17 CFR 256.931 - Rents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Rents. 256.931 Section 256.931 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (CONTINUED) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 2. Expense § 256.931 Rents....

  9. 40 CFR 96.256 - Account error.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Account error. 96.256 Section 96.256... Tracking System § 96.256 Account error. The Administrator may, at his or her sole discretion and on his or her own motion, correct any error in any CAIR SO2 Allowance Tracking System account. Within...

  10. 24 CFR 92.256 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false 92.256 Section 92.256 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Project Requirements § 92.256...

  11. 24 CFR 92.256 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false 92.256 Section 92.256 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Project Requirements § 92.256...

  12. 40 CFR 25.6 - Public meetings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Public meetings. 25.6 Section 25.6 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN PROGRAMS UNDER THE RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY ACT, THE SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT, AND THE CLEAN WATER ACT § 25.6...

  13. 40 CFR 25.6 - Public meetings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Public meetings. 25.6 Section 25.6 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN PROGRAMS UNDER THE RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY ACT, THE SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT, AND THE CLEAN WATER ACT § 25.6...

  14. 40 CFR 25.6 - Public meetings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Public meetings. 25.6 Section 25.6 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN PROGRAMS UNDER THE RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY ACT, THE SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT, AND THE CLEAN WATER ACT § 25.6...

  15. 40 CFR 25.6 - Public meetings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Public meetings. 25.6 Section 25.6 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN PROGRAMS UNDER THE RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY ACT, THE SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT, AND THE CLEAN WATER ACT § 25.6...

  16. 30 CFR 256.49 - Lease form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Lease form. 256.49 Section 256.49 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Issuance of Leases § 256.49 Lease form. Oil and gas leases and...

  17. 30 CFR 256.53 - Additional bonds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Additional bonds. 256.53 Section 256.53 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Bonding § 256.53 Additional bonds. (a) This paragraph explains...

  18. 30 CFR 256.63 - Service fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Service fees. 256.63 Section 256.63 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Assignments, Transfers, and Extensions § 256.63 Service fees. (a)...

  19. 30 CFR 256.44 - Bids disqualified.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Bids disqualified. 256.44 Section 256.44 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Issuance of Leases § 256.44 Bids disqualified....

  20. 40 CFR 25.6 - Public meetings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Public meetings. 25.6 Section 25.6 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN PROGRAMS UNDER THE RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY ACT, THE SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT, AND THE CLEAN WATER ACT § 25.6...

  1. 30 CFR 256.31 - State comments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false State comments. 256.31 Section 256.31 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Lease Sales § 256.31 State comments. (a) Within 60 days after...

  2. HgCdTe 256x256 NWIR FPA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vural, Kadri; Blessinger, Michael; Chen, Jenkon; Kleinhans, William

    1989-01-01

    Researchers developed a HgCdTe 256x256 focal plane array (FPA) which operates in the 1 to 5 micron band. This is presently the largest demonstrated HgCdTe FPA. The detector material is HgCdTe on sapphire (PACE-1 technology) which has a low thermal expansion mismatch with silicon. The multiplexer is a CMOS FET-switch device processed through a commercial silicon foundry. The multiplexer input is direct injection and the charge capacity is about 2 times 10 to the 7th power electrons. The kTC limited read noise is 400 electrons. Researchers demonstrated high background imaging using the device. The broadband quantum efficiency is measured to be 59 percent. Dark currents less than 0.1 pA were measured at 77 K for detectors processed on PACE-1 material with 4.9 microns cutoff. The dark currents decrease as the temperature is lowered, and researchers are presently studying the T less than 77 K characteristics. The interconnect yield is greater than 95 percent. The devices are available for astronomical applications.

  3. Imaging by photon counting with 256x256 pixel matrix

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tlustos, Lukas; Campbell, Michael; Heijne, Erik H. M.; Llopart, Xavier

    2004-09-01

    Using 0.25µm standard CMOS we have developed 2-D semiconductor matrix detectors with sophisticated functionality integrated inside each pixel of a hybrid sensor module. One of these sensor modules is a matrix of 256x256 square 55µm pixels intended for X-ray imaging. This device is called 'Medipix2' and features a fast amplifier and two-level discrimination for signals between 1000 and 100000 equivalent electrons, with overall signal noise ~150 e- rms. Signal polarity and comparator thresholds are programmable. A maximum count rate of nearly 1 MHz per pixel can be achieved, which corresponds to an average flux of 3x10exp10 photons per cm2. The selected signals can be accumulated in each pixel in a 13-bit register. The serial readout takes 5-10 ms. A parallel readout of ~300 µs could also be used. Housekeeping functions such as local dark current compensation, test pulse generation, silencing of noisy pixels and threshold tuning in each pixel contribute to the homogeneous response over a large sensor area. The sensor material can be adapted to the energy of the X-rays. Best results have been obtained with high-resistivity silicon detectors, but also CdTe and GaAs detectors have been used. The lowest detectable X-ray energy was about 4 keV. Background measurements have been made, as well as measurements of the uniformity of imaging by photon counting. Very low photon count rates are feasible and noise-free at room temperature. The readout matrix can be used also with visible photons if an energy or charge intensifier structure is interposed such as a gaseous amplification layer or a microchannel plate or acceleration field in vacuum.

  4. 7 CFR 1220.256 - Separability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1220.256 Separability. If...

  5. 7 CFR 1220.256 - Separability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1220.256 Separability. If...

  6. 7 CFR 1220.256 - Separability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1220.256 Separability. If...

  7. 7 CFR 1220.256 - Separability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1220.256 Separability. If...

  8. 7 CFR 1220.256 - Separability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1220.256 Separability. If...

  9. 17 CFR 256.237 - Interest accrued.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Interest accrued. 256.237... COMPANY ACT OF 1935 7. Current and Accrued Liabilities § 256.237 Interest accrued. This account shall include the amount of interest accrued on all liabilities of the service company. Supporting records...

  10. 17 CFR 256.409 - Income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Income taxes. 256.409 Section... COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.409 Income taxes. (a) This account shall include the amount of local, State and Federal taxes on income properly accruable during the period covered by...

  11. 30 CFR 256.37 - Lease term.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Lease term. 256.37 Section 256.37 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... exploration and development in areas because of unusually deep water or other unusually adverse conditions....

  12. 30 CFR 256.0 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false 256.0 Section 256.0 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas, and Sulphur Management,...

  13. 30 CFR 256.0 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false 256.0 Section 256.0 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas, and Sulphur Management,...

  14. 30 CFR 256.71 - Directional drilling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Directional drilling. 256.71 Section 256.71... drilling. In accordance with an approved exploration plan or development and production plan, a lease may be maintained in force by directional wells drilled under the leased area from surface locations...

  15. 17 CFR 256.426.1 - Donations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Donations. 256.426.1 Section... COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.426.1 Donations. This account shall include all payments or donations for charitable, social or community welfare purposes....

  16. 17 CFR 256.426.1 - Donations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Donations. 256.426.1 Section... COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.426.1 Donations. This account shall include all payments or donations for charitable, social or community welfare purposes....

  17. 30 CFR 256.12 - Supplemental sales.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Supplemental sales. 256.12 Section 256.12 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas, and Sulphur...

  18. 30 CFR 256.2 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Policy. 256.2 Section 256.2 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas,...

  19. 17 CFR 256.236 - Taxes accrued.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxes accrued. 256.236 Section... COMPANY ACT OF 1935 7. Current and Accrued Liabilities § 256.236 Taxes accrued. (a) This account shall be credited with the amount of taxes accrued during the accounting period, corresponding debits being made...

  20. 17 CFR 256.232 - Accounts payable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Accounts payable. 256.232... SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 7. Current and Accrued Liabilities § 256.232 Accounts payable. This account...

  1. 17 CFR 256.143 - Accounts receivable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Accounts receivable. 256.143... SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 3. Current and Accrued Assets § 256.143 Accounts receivable. This account...

  2. 17 CFR 256.184 - Clearing accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Clearing accounts. 256.184... SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 4. Deferred Debits § 256.184 Clearing accounts. This account shall...

  3. 17 CFR 256.143 - Accounts receivable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Accounts receivable. 256.143... SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 3. Current and Accrued Assets § 256.143 Accounts receivable. This account...

  4. 17 CFR 256.184 - Clearing accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Clearing accounts. 256.184... SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 4. Deferred Debits § 256.184 Clearing accounts. This account shall...

  5. 17 CFR 256.232 - Accounts payable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Accounts payable. 256.232... SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 7. Current and Accrued Liabilities § 256.232 Accounts payable. This account...

  6. 17 CFR 256.924 - Property insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Property insurance. 256.924... COMPANY ACT OF 1935 2. Expense § 256.924 Property insurance. (a) This account shall include the cost of insurance premiums to protect the service company against losses and damages to owned or leased...

  7. 17 CFR 256.924 - Property insurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Property insurance. 256.924... COMPANY ACT OF 1935 2. Expense § 256.924 Property insurance. (a) This account shall include the cost of insurance premiums to protect the service company against losses and damages to owned or leased...

  8. 17 CFR 256.236 - Taxes accrued.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxes accrued. 256.236 Section... COMPANY ACT OF 1935 7. Current and Accrued Liabilities § 256.236 Taxes accrued. (a) This account shall be credited with the amount of taxes accrued during the accounting period, corresponding debits being made...

  9. 17 CFR 256.409 - Income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Income taxes. 256.409 Section... COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.409 Income taxes. (a) This account shall include the amount of local, State and Federal taxes on income properly accruable during the period covered by...

  10. 30 CFR 256.22 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General. 256.22 Section 256.22 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS... sales shown in an approved leasing schedule and as the need arises for other mineral leasing,...

  11. 17 CFR 256.301 - Organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Organization. 256.301 Section... COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Service Company Property Accounts § 256.301 Organization. This account shall include... incident to organizing a corporation or other form of organization and putting it into readiness to...

  12. 17 CFR 256.301 - Organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Organization. 256.301 Section... COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Service Company Property Accounts § 256.301 Organization. This account shall include... incident to organizing a corporation or other form of organization and putting it into readiness to...

  13. 17 CFR 256.124 - Other investments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Other investments. 256.124... COMPANY ACT OF 1935 2. Investments § 256.124 Other investments. This account shall include the cost or current value of investments, whichever is less, in securities, club memberships, associations,...

  14. 30 CFR 256.82 - Environmental studies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Environmental studies. 256.82 Section 256.82... Environmental studies. (a) The Director shall conduct a study of any area or region included in any lease sale... region. Any study shall, to the extent practicable, be designed to predict environmental impacts...

  15. 17 CFR 256.931 - Rents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rents. 256.931 Section 256.931 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (CONTINUED) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS..., computers, data processing equipment, micro-wave and telecommunication equipment, airplanes,...

  16. 40 CFR 97.256 - Account error.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... BUDGET TRADING PROGRAM AND CAIR NOX AND SO2 TRADING PROGRAMS CAIR SO2 Allowance Tracking System § 97.256... any error in any CAIR SO2 Allowance Tracking System account. Within 10 business days of making...

  17. 40 CFR 97.256 - Account error.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... BUDGET TRADING PROGRAM AND CAIR NOX AND SO2 TRADING PROGRAMS CAIR SO2 Allowance Tracking System § 97.256... any error in any CAIR SO2 Allowance Tracking System account. Within 10 business days of making...

  18. 40 CFR 97.256 - Account error.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... BUDGET TRADING PROGRAM AND CAIR NOX AND SO2 TRADING PROGRAMS CAIR SO2 Allowance Tracking System § 97.256... any error in any CAIR SO2 Allowance Tracking System account. Within 10 business days of making...

  19. 40 CFR 97.256 - Account error.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... BUDGET TRADING PROGRAM AND CAIR NOX AND SO2 TRADING PROGRAMS CAIR SO2 Allowance Tracking System § 97.256... any error in any CAIR SO2 Allowance Tracking System account. Within 10 business days of making...

  20. 40 CFR 97.256 - Account error.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... BUDGET TRADING PROGRAM AND CAIR NOX AND SO2 TRADING PROGRAMS CAIR SO2 Allowance Tracking System § 97.256... any error in any CAIR SO2 Allowance Tracking System account. Within 10 business days of making...

  1. 30 CFR 256.12 - Supplemental sales.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas, and Sulphur Management, General § 256.12 Supplemental sales. (a) The Secretary may conduct...

  2. 15 CFR 256.1 - Introduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... collaborative research aimed at furthering the Nation's scientific, industrial, and economic growth. Such... STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FELLOWSHIPS AND RESEARCH ASSOCIATES RESEARCH ASSOCIATE PROGRAM § 256.1 Introduction. This part states policies and procedures concerning the Research...

  3. 40 CFR 256.40 - Requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Facility Planning and Implementation § 256.40... solid and hazardous waste in an environmentally sound manner....

  4. 15 CFR 256.1 - Introduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FELLOWSHIPS AND RESEARCH ASSOCIATES RESEARCH ASSOCIATE PROGRAM § 256.1 Introduction. This part states policies and procedures concerning the Research Associate... collaborative research aimed at furthering the Nation's scientific, industrial, and economic growth....

  5. 15 CFR 256.1 - Introduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FELLOWSHIPS AND RESEARCH ASSOCIATES RESEARCH ASSOCIATE PROGRAM § 256.1 Introduction. This part states policies and procedures concerning the Research Associate... collaborative research aimed at furthering the Nation's scientific, industrial, and economic growth....

  6. Spontaneous fission of 256Rf, new data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Svirikhin, A. I.; Yeremin, A. V.; Izosimov, I. N.; Isaev, A. V.; Kuznetsov, A. N.; Malyshev, O. N.; Popeko, A. G.; Popov, Yu. A.; Sokol, E. A.; Chelnokov, M. L.; Chepigin, V. I.; Andel, B.; Asfari, M. Z.; Gall, B.; Yoshihiro, N.; Kalaninova, Z.; Mullins, S.; Piot, J.; Stefanova, E.; Tonev, D.

    2016-07-01

    Spontaneous fission properties of the short-lived neutron-deficient 256Rf nucleus produced in the complete fusion reaction with a beam of multiply charged heavy 50Ti ions from the U-400 cyclotron (FLNR, JINR) are experimentally investigated. Its half-life and decay branching ratio are measured. The average number of neutrons per spontaneous fission of 256Rf (bar v = 4.47 ± 0.09) is determined for the first time.

  7. 30 CFR 256.7 - Cross references.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... multiple use conflicts, see the Environmental Protection Agency listing of ocean dumping sites—40 CFR part... § 256.7 Cross references. (a) For Minerals Management Service regulations governing exploration, development and production on leases, see 30 CFR parts 250 and 270. (b) For MMS regulations governing...

  8. 30 CFR 256.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas, and Sulphur Management, General § 256.1... Secretary of the Interior (Secretary) will exercise the authority to administer a leasing program for...

  9. 17 CFR 256.01-7 - Records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... COMPANY ACT OF 1935 General Instructions § 256.01-7 Records. (a) The books of account and other records of... identification and audit. (b) The books and records referred to herein shall include not only accounting records in a limited technical sense but all other records such as minute books, stock books,...

  10. 32 CFR 256.3 - Criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... health, safety or welfare hazards of aircraft operations. (b) Height of obstructions. The land area and... than 10% of their operations involving Class B aircraft (§ 256.6) and are less than 8000 feet long. Class B runways are all other fixed wing runways. (iii) The following descriptions of Accident...

  11. 15 CFR 256.3 - Procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FELLOWSHIPS AND RESEARCH ASSOCIATES RESEARCH ASSOCIATE PROGRAM § 256.3 Procedure. Arrangements for collaborative research by NIST with a Research Associate... organization and the Research Associate. The agreement sets out the respective responsibilities and...

  12. 15 CFR 256.3 - Procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FELLOWSHIPS AND RESEARCH ASSOCIATES RESEARCH ASSOCIATE PROGRAM § 256.3 Procedure. Arrangements for collaborative research by NIST with a Research Associate... organization and the Research Associate. The agreement sets out the respective responsibilities and...

  13. 15 CFR 256.3 - Procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FELLOWSHIPS AND RESEARCH ASSOCIATES RESEARCH ASSOCIATE PROGRAM § 256.3 Procedure. Arrangements for collaborative research by NIST with a Research Associate... organization and the Research Associate. The agreement sets out the respective responsibilities and...

  14. 15 CFR 256.3 - Procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FELLOWSHIPS AND RESEARCH ASSOCIATES RESEARCH ASSOCIATE PROGRAM § 256.3 Procedure. Arrangements for collaborative research by NIST with a Research Associate... organization and the Research Associate. The agreement sets out the respective responsibilities and...

  15. 15 CFR 256.3 - Procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... organization and the Research Associate. The agreement sets out the respective responsibilities and obligations... STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FELLOWSHIPS AND RESEARCH ASSOCIATES RESEARCH ASSOCIATE PROGRAM § 256.3 Procedure. Arrangements for collaborative research by NIST with a Research...

  16. 17 CFR 256.01-7 - Records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 General Instructions § 256.01-7 Records. (a) The books of account and other records of... accounts. All such entries shall be supported by detailed information sufficient to permit...

  17. 30 CFR 256.38 - Joint bidding provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Joint bidding provisions. 256.38 Section 256.38 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE....38 Joint bidding provisions....

  18. 30 CFR 256.8 - Leasing maps and diagrams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Leasing maps and diagrams. 256.8 Section 256.8 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR..., General § 256.8 Leasing maps and diagrams. (a) Any area of the OCS which has been appropriately platted...

  19. 30 CFR 256.72 - Compensatory payments as production.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Compensatory payments as production. 256.72 Section 256.72 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND ENFORCEMENT... Assignments, Transfers, and Extensions § 256.72 Compensatory payments as production. If an oil and gas...

  20. 30 CFR 256.38 - Joint bidding provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Joint bidding provisions. 256.38 Section 256.38 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Issuance of Leases § 256.38 Joint bidding provisions....

  1. 30 CFR 256.41 - Joint bidding requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... from an adverse effect of that Order shall be made in accordance with the provisions of 43 CFR part 4... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Joint bidding requirements. 256.41 Section 256... SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Issuance of Leases § 256.41 Joint...

  2. 30 CFR 256.41 - Joint bidding requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... accordance with the provisions of 43 CFR part 4. (c) The submission of a Statement of Production or of a... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Joint bidding requirements. 256.41 Section 256... Leases § 256.41 Joint bidding requirements. (a) Any person who submits a joint bid for any oil and...

  3. 31 CFR 256.0 - What does this part cover?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What does this part cover? 256.0 Section 256.0 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL... AND UNDER PRIVATE RELIEF BILLS General Information § 256.0 What does this part cover? This...

  4. 31 CFR 256.0 - What does this part cover?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What does this part cover? 256.0 Section 256.0 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL... AND UNDER PRIVATE RELIEF BILLS General Information § 256.0 What does this part cover? This...

  5. 30 CFR 256.64 - How to file transfers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How to file transfers. 256.64 Section 256.64... OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Assignments, Transfers, and Extensions § 256.64 How to file transfers. This section explains how to file instruments with MMS that create and/or transfer interests...

  6. 27 CFR 24.256 - Bottle aging wine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Bottle aging wine. 24.256 Section 24.256 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT... of Wine § 24.256 Bottle aging wine. Wine bottled or packed and stored for the purpose of aging...

  7. 27 CFR 24.256 - Bottle aging wine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Bottle aging wine. 24.256 Section 24.256 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT... of Wine § 24.256 Bottle aging wine. Wine bottled or packed and stored for the purpose of aging...

  8. 27 CFR 24.256 - Bottle aging wine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Bottle aging wine. 24.256 Section 24.256 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT... of Wine § 24.256 Bottle aging wine. Wine bottled or packed and stored for the purpose of aging...

  9. 27 CFR 24.256 - Bottle aging wine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Bottle aging wine. 24.256 Section 24.256 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT... of Wine § 24.256 Bottle aging wine. Wine bottled or packed and stored for the purpose of aging...

  10. 27 CFR 24.256 - Bottle aging wine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Bottle aging wine. 24.256 Section 24.256 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT... of Wine § 24.256 Bottle aging wine. Wine bottled or packed and stored for the purpose of aging...

  11. 17 CFR 256.152 - Fuel stock expenses undistributed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fuel stock expenses undistributed. 256.152 Section 256.152 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 3. Current and Accrued Assets § 256.152 Fuel stock...

  12. 17 CFR 256.253 - Other deferred credits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Other deferred credits. 256.253 Section 256.253 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (CONTINUED... HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 8. Deferred Credits § 256.253 Other deferred credits. This account...

  13. 38 CFR 3.256 - Eligibility reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Eligibility reporting requirements. 3.256 Section 3.256 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Dependency, Income and Estate § 3.256 Eligibility...

  14. 38 CFR 3.256 - Eligibility reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Eligibility reporting requirements. 3.256 Section 3.256 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Dependency, Income and Estate § 3.256 Eligibility...

  15. 30 CFR 256.55 - Lapse of bond.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Lapse of bond. 256.55 Section 256.55 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Bonding § 256.55 Lapse of bond. (a) If your surety becomes...

  16. 30 CFR 256.46 - Submission of bids.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Submission of bids. 256.46 Section 256.46 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Issuance of Leases § 256.46 Submission of bids. (a)...

  17. 30 CFR 256.65 - Attorney General review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Attorney General review. 256.65 Section 256.65 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Assignments, Transfers, and Extensions § 256.65...

  18. 30 CFR 256.79 - Effect of regulations on lease.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Effect of regulations on lease. 256.79 Section 256.79 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Section 6 Leases § 256.79 Effect of regulations...

  19. 30 CFR 256.50 - Dating of leases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Dating of leases. 256.50 Section 256.50 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Issuance of Leases § 256.50 Dating of leases. All leases issued...

  20. 17 CFR 256.223 - Advances from associate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... companies. 256.223 Section 256.223 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (CONTINUED) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 6. Long-Term Debt § 256.223 Advances from associate companies....

  1. 17 CFR 256.233 - Notes payable to associate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... companies. 256.233 Section 256.233 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (CONTINUED) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 7. Current and Accrued Liabilities § 256.233 Notes payable...

  2. 17 CFR 256.234 - Accounts payable to associate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... companies. 256.234 Section 256.234 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (CONTINUED) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 7. Current and Accrued Liabilities § 256.234 Accounts payable...

  3. 17 CFR 256.458 - Services rendered to nonassociate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... nonassociate companies. 256.458 Section 256.458 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (CONTINUED) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.458...

  4. 17 CFR 256.123 - Investment in associate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Investment in associate companies. 256.123 Section 256.123 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 2. Investments § 256.123 Investment in associate companies....

  5. 30 CFR 256.80 - Leases of other minerals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Leases of other minerals. 256.80 Section 256.80 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Section 6 Leases § 256.80 Leases of other minerals....

  6. 17 CFR 256.123 - Investment in associate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 2. Investments § 256.123 Investment in associate companies. This... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Investment in associate companies. 256.123 Section 256.123 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE...

  7. 32 CFR 256.6 - Runway classification by aircraft type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Runway classification by aircraft type. 256.6 Section 256.6 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS AIR INSTALLATIONS COMPATIBLE USE ZONES § 256.6 Runway classification by...

  8. 32 CFR 256.6 - Runway classification by aircraft type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Runway classification by aircraft type. 256.6 Section 256.6 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS AIR INSTALLATIONS COMPATIBLE USE ZONES § 256.6 Runway classification by...

  9. 17 CFR 256.01-6 - Departmental classification required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Departmental classification required. 256.01-6 Section 256.01-6 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 General Instructions § 256.01-6 Departmental classification...

  10. 30 CFR 256.32 - Notice of sale.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Notice of sale. 256.32 Section 256.32 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Lease Sales § 256.32 Notice of sale. (a) Upon approval of...

  11. 30 CFR 256.29 - Proposed notice of sale.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Proposed notice of sale. 256.29 Section 256.29 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Lease Sales § 256.29 Proposed notice of sale. (a)...

  12. 50 CFR 216.256 - Applications for Letters of Authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND... in the Gulf of Mexico § 216.256 Applications for Letters of Authorization. To incidentally...

  13. Development of 256 x 256 Element Impurity Band Conduction Infrared Detector Arrays for Astronomy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Domingo, George

    1997-01-01

    This report describes the work performed on a one and a half year advance technology program to develop Impurity Band Conduction (IBC) detectors with very low dark current, high quantum efficiency, and with good repeatable processes. The program fabricated several epitaxial growths of Si:As detecting layers from 15 to 35 microns thick and analyzed the performance versus the thickness and the Arsenic concentration of these epitaxial layers. Some of the epitaxial runs did not yield because of excessive residual impurities. The thicker epitaxial layers and the ones with higher Arsenic concentration resulted in good detectors with low dark currents and good quantum efficiency. The program hybridized six detector die from the best detector wafers to a low noise, 256 x 256 readout array and delivered the hybrids to NASA Ames for a more detailed study of the performance of the detectors.

  14. Infrared ground-based astronomy with the Hughes 256 X 256 PtSi array

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fowler, A.; Joyce, R.; Gatley, I.; Gates, J.; Herring, J.

    1989-01-01

    It is shown that large format PtSi Schottky diode infrared arrays, the Hughes 256 X 256 hybrid Schottky array in particular, are competitive alternatives to the smaller format photovoltaic arrays for ground-based astronomy. The modest quantum efficiency of the PtSi compared to the photovoltaic devices is more than compensated for by the larger format. The use of hybrid technology yields effective fill factors of nearly 100 percent, and the low dark current, noise, excellent imaging characteristics, cost, and solid nitrogen operating temperature add to the effectiveness of this array for ground-based imaging. In addition to discussing the characteristics of this array, researchers present laboratory test data and astronomical results achieved at Kitt Peak.

  15. Multiprocessor data acquisition system for a 256x256-pixel infrared camera

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodriguez-Ramos, Luis F.; Rodriguez-Mora, A.; Sosa, Nicolas A.; Diaz, Jose J.; Joven-Alvarez, Enrique

    1993-04-01

    The Department of Detectors of the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Spain is developing a data acquisition system (DAS) for an infrared camera based in a 256 X 256 InSb detector. The camera is going to work from 1 to 5 microns wavelength, with a scale on the sky of 0.5 arcsec per pixel, and will be installed as a common user instrument at the Carlos Sanchez Telescope in the Observatorio del Teide (Canary Island, Spain). A multiprocessor architecture has been chosen for the DAS, due to the very tight requirements on real time processing, and high speed storage capability (20 images per second readout rate, 2 images per second storage rate). The complete system is split into two main parts, the front end electronics and the user workstation. They are interconnected through an ETHERNET link.

  16. 17 CFR 256.922 - Administrative expenses transferred-credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administrative expenses transferred-credit. 256.922 Section 256.922 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE... transferred—credit. This account shall be credited with administrative expenses recorded in accounts 920...

  17. 30 CFR 256.79 - Effect of regulations on lease.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Effect of regulations on lease. 256.79 Section 256.79 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF... Act shall also be subject to all operating and conservation regulations applicable to the OCS....

  18. 15 CFR 256.2 - The Research Associate Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false The Research Associate Program. 256.2... INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FELLOWSHIPS AND RESEARCH ASSOCIATES RESEARCH ASSOCIATE PROGRAM § 256.2 The Research Associate Program. The Bureau provides its facilities,...

  19. 40 CFR 256.20 - Requirements for State legal authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Requirements for State legal authority. 256.20 Section 256.20 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid...

  20. 40 CFR 256.25 - Recommendation for inactive facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Recommendation for inactive facilities. 256.25 Section 256.25 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid...

  1. 40 CFR 256.21 - Requirements for State regulatory powers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the criteria for classification of solid waste disposal facilities (40 CFR part 257). Such authority... powers. 256.21 Section 256.21 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid...

  2. 40 CFR 256.20 - Requirements for State legal authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Requirements for State legal authority. 256.20 Section 256.20 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid...

  3. 40 CFR 256.22 - Recommendations for State regulatory powers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... powers. 256.22 Section 256.22 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid Waste... prohibit new open dumps and close or upgrade all existing open dumps. (a) Solid waste disposal...

  4. 40 CFR 256.25 - Recommendation for inactive facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Recommendation for inactive facilities. 256.25 Section 256.25 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid...

  5. 30 CFR 256.46 - Submission of bids.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Submission of bids. 256.46 Section 256.46 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE... with prior regulations). Bidders are advised to keep their filings current. (3) The bid shall...

  6. 20 CFR 632.256 - Submission of applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 632.256 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Summer Youth Employment and Training Programs § 632.256... youth allocation at the same time section 401 allocations are announced. The summer plan will be...

  7. 20 CFR 632.256 - Submission of applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 632.256 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Summer Youth Employment and Training Programs § 632.256... youth allocation at the same time section 401 allocations are announced. The summer plan will be...

  8. 49 CFR 195.256 - Crossing of railroads and highways.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Crossing of railroads and highways. 195.256... TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Construction § 195.256 Crossing of railroads and highways. The pipe at each railroad or highway crossing must be installed so as to adequately withstand the...

  9. 49 CFR 195.256 - Crossing of railroads and highways.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Crossing of railroads and highways. 195.256... TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Construction § 195.256 Crossing of railroads and highways. The pipe at each railroad or highway crossing must be installed so as to adequately withstand the...

  10. 49 CFR 195.256 - Crossing of railroads and highways.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Crossing of railroads and highways. 195.256... TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Construction § 195.256 Crossing of railroads and highways. The pipe at each railroad or highway crossing must be installed so as to adequately withstand the...

  11. 49 CFR 195.256 - Crossing of railroads and highways.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Crossing of railroads and highways. 195.256... TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Construction § 195.256 Crossing of railroads and highways. The pipe at each railroad or highway crossing must be installed so as to adequately withstand the...

  12. 30 CFR 256.43 - Chargeability for production.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ....41 of this part, chargeability under § 256.46(g) of this part, 1.454 barrels of natural gas liquids... SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Issuance of Leases § 256.43 Chargeability for..., certificate of deposit for a security, fractional undivided interest in oil, gas, or other mineral rights,...

  13. 25 CFR 256.24 - Will I need flood insurance?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Will I need flood insurance? 256.24 Section 256.24... Will I need flood insurance? You will need flood insurance if your dwelling is located in an area identified as having special flood hazards under the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 (Pub. L....

  14. 25 CFR 256.24 - Will I need flood insurance?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Will I need flood insurance? 256.24 Section 256.24... Will I need flood insurance? You will need flood insurance if your dwelling is located in an area identified as having special flood hazards under the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 (Pub. L....

  15. 25 CFR 256.24 - Will I need flood insurance?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Will I need flood insurance? 256.24 Section 256.24 Indians... need flood insurance? You will need flood insurance if your dwelling is located in an area identified as having special flood hazards under the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 (Pub. L. 93-234,...

  16. 25 CFR 256.24 - Will I need flood insurance?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Will I need flood insurance? 256.24 Section 256.24... Will I need flood insurance? You will need flood insurance if your dwelling is located in an area identified as having special flood hazards under the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 (Pub. L....

  17. 25 CFR 256.24 - Will I need flood insurance?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Will I need flood insurance? 256.24 Section 256.24... Will I need flood insurance? You will need flood insurance if your dwelling is located in an area identified as having special flood hazards under the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 (Pub. L....

  18. 30 CFR 256.56 - Lease-specific abandonment accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Lease-specific abandonment accounts. 256.56... OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Bonding § 256.56 Lease-specific abandonment accounts. (a) The Regional Director may authorize you to establish a lease-specific abandonment account...

  19. 30 CFR 256.56 - Lease-specific abandonment accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Lease-specific abandonment accounts. 256.56... § 256.56 Lease-specific abandonment accounts. (a) The Regional Director may authorize you to establish a lease-specific abandonment account in a federally insured institution in lieu of the bond required...

  20. 30 CFR 256.0 - Authority for information collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... information collection is “30 CFR part 256, Leasing of Sulphur or Oil and Gas in the Outer Continental Shelf... OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas, and Sulphur Management, General § 256.0 Authority for information collection....

  1. 15 CFR 25.6 - Prerequisites for issuing a complaint.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Prerequisites for issuing a complaint. 25.6 Section 25.6 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce PROGRAM Fraud Civil... claims submitted at the same time shall include only those claims arising from the same transaction...

  2. 17 CFR 256.146 - Accounts receivable from associate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... accommodate an associate company for emergency purposes or where obvious increased cost or time problems would... associate companies. 256.146 Section 256.146 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (CONTINUED) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY...

  3. 27 CFR 19.256 - Tax on wine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Tax on wine. 19.256 Section 19.256 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS DISTILLED SPIRITS PLANTS Distilled Spirits Taxes Additional Tax...

  4. 40 CFR 256.21 - Requirements for State regulatory powers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... the criteria for classification of solid waste disposal facilities (40 CFR part 257). Such authority... powers. 256.21 Section 256.21 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid...

  5. 40 CFR 256.22 - Recommendations for State regulatory powers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... powers. 256.22 Section 256.22 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid Waste... prohibit new open dumps and close or upgrade all existing open dumps. (a) Solid waste disposal...

  6. 40 CFR 256.21 - Requirements for State regulatory powers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... the criteria for classification of solid waste disposal facilities (40 CFR part 257). Such authority... powers. 256.21 Section 256.21 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid...

  7. 40 CFR 256.25 - Recommendation for inactive facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Recommendation for inactive facilities. 256.25 Section 256.25 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid...

  8. 40 CFR 256.21 - Requirements for State regulatory powers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... the criteria for classification of solid waste disposal facilities (40 CFR part 257). Such authority... powers. 256.21 Section 256.21 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid...

  9. 40 CFR 256.20 - Requirements for State legal authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Requirements for State legal authority. 256.20 Section 256.20 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid...

  10. 40 CFR 256.25 - Recommendation for inactive facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Recommendation for inactive facilities. 256.25 Section 256.25 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid...

  11. 40 CFR 256.20 - Requirements for State legal authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Requirements for State legal authority. 256.20 Section 256.20 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid...

  12. 40 CFR 256.20 - Requirements for State legal authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Requirements for State legal authority. 256.20 Section 256.20 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid...

  13. 40 CFR 256.25 - Recommendation for inactive facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Recommendation for inactive facilities. 256.25 Section 256.25 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid...

  14. 17 CFR 256.181 - Unamortized debt expense.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Unamortized debt expense. 256... HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 4. Deferred Debits § 256.181 Unamortized debt expense. This account shall include expenses related to the issuance or assumption of debt securities. Amounts recorded in...

  15. 17 CFR 256.181 - Unamortized debt expense.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Unamortized debt expense. 256... HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 4. Deferred Debits § 256.181 Unamortized debt expense. This account shall include expenses related to the issuance or assumption of debt securities. Amounts recorded in...

  16. 17 CFR 256.224 - Other long-term debt.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Other long-term debt. 256.224... COMPANY ACT OF 1935 6. Long-Term Debt § 256.224 Other long-term debt. This account shall include all long-term debt to nonassociates and not subject to current settlement. Note: Subaccounts shall be...

  17. 17 CFR 256.224 - Other long-term debt.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Other long-term debt. 256.224... COMPANY ACT OF 1935 6. Long-Term Debt § 256.224 Other long-term debt. This account shall include all long-term debt to nonassociates and not subject to current settlement. Note: Subaccounts shall be...

  18. 40 CFR 256.04 - State plan approval, financial assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... assistance. 256.04 Section 256.04 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Purpose... disputes are contained in 40 CFR part 30, appendix A, articles 7 and 8.) (f) If a State submits to EPA...

  19. 40 CFR 256.42 - Recommendations for assuring facility development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... development. 256.42 Section 256.42 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Facility... unrestricted movement of solid and hazardous waste across State and local boundaries....

  20. 17 CFR 256.303 - Miscellaneous intangible plant.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Miscellaneous intangible plant. 256.303 Section 256.303 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION... plant. (a) This account shall include the cost of patent rights, licenses, privileges, and...

  1. 17 CFR 256.411.5 - Investment tax credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Investment tax credit. 256.411... HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.411.5 Investment tax credit. (a) This account shall be debited with the amounts of investment tax credits related to service company...

  2. 49 CFR 195.256 - Crossing of railroads and highways.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Crossing of railroads and highways. 195.256... TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Construction § 195.256 Crossing of railroads and highways. The pipe at each railroad or highway crossing must be installed so as to adequately withstand the...

  3. 17 CFR 256.01-11 - Methods of allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Methods of allocation. 256.01... HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 General Instructions § 256.01-11 Methods of allocation. Indirect costs and... applicable and currently effective methods of allocation filed with the Commission. Both direct and...

  4. 17 CFR 256.201 - Common stock issued.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Common stock issued. 256.201... COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Liabilities and Other Credit Accounts § 256.201 Common stock issued. This account shall include the par or stated value of all common capital stock issued and outstanding....

  5. 17 CFR 256.211 - Miscellaneous paid-in capital.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Miscellaneous paid-in capital. 256.211 Section 256.211 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION... capital. This account shall include the balance of all other credits for paid-in capital which are...

  6. 17 CFR 256.457 - Services rendered to associate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Services rendered to associate companies. 256.457 Section 256.457 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION... cost. See accounts 457-1 through 457-3. Overbillings or underbillings arising from adjustments...

  7. 17 CFR 256.101 - Service company property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Service company property. 256.101 Section 256.101 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (CONTINUED... company property. This account shall include the cost of service company property included in accounts...

  8. 40 CFR 256.05 - Annual work program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., Definitions § 256.05 Annual work program. (a) The annual work program submitted for financial assistance under section 4008(a)(1) and described in the grant regulations (40 CFR part 35) shall be reviewed by the... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Annual work program. 256.05...

  9. 40 CFR 256.05 - Annual work program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., Definitions § 256.05 Annual work program. (a) The annual work program submitted for financial assistance under section 4008(a)(1) and described in the grant regulations (40 CFR part 35) shall be reviewed by the... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Annual work program. 256.05...

  10. 30 CFR 256.25 - Areas near coastal States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... areas (See 30 CFR 251.14). (b) After receipt of information on areas within the area described in... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Areas near coastal States. 256.25 Section 256... near coastal States. (a) At the time information is solicited for leasing of areas within...

  11. 30 CFR 256.67 - Separate filings for assignments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Separate filings for assignments. 256.67 Section 256.67 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Assignments, Transfers, and Extensions §...

  12. 30 CFR 256.72 - Compensatory payments as production.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compensatory payments as production. 256.72 Section 256.72 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Assignments, Transfers, and Extensions §...

  13. 30 CFR 256.77 - Cancellation of leases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cancellation of leases. 256.77 Section 256.77 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR... lease or permit in force. Procedures and conditions contained in 30 CFR 250.182 shall apply...

  14. 30 CFR 256.19 - Periodic consultation with interested parties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Periodic consultation with interested parties. 256.19 Section 256.19 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Oil and Gas Leasing Program §...

  15. 30 CFR 256.47 - Award of leases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Award of leases. 256.47 Section 256.47 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS... be subject to the lease is withdrawn or restricted from leasing, all deposits and any interest...

  16. 30 CFR 256.35 - Qualifications of lessees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Qualifications of lessees. 256.35 Section 256.35 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF... to 30 CFR 250.135....

  17. 30 CFR 256.54 - General requirements for bonds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General requirements for bonds. 256.54 Section 256.54 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF... current Treasury Circular No. 570 from the Surety Bond Branch, Financial Management Service, Department...

  18. 30 CFR 256.72 - Compensatory payments as production.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Compensatory payments as production. 256.72..., and Extensions § 256.72 Compensatory payments as production. If an oil and gas lessee makes... considered as the equivalent of production in paying quantities for all purposes of the lease....

  19. 30 CFR 256.72 - Compensatory payments as production.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Compensatory payments as production. 256.72..., and Extensions § 256.72 Compensatory payments as production. If an oil and gas lessee makes... considered as the equivalent of production in paying quantities for all purposes of the lease....

  20. 30 CFR 256.72 - Compensatory payments as production.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compensatory payments as production. 256.72..., and Extensions § 256.72 Compensatory payments as production. If an oil and gas lessee makes... considered as the equivalent of production in paying quantities for all purposes of the lease....

  1. 17 CFR 256.303 - Miscellaneous intangible plant.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Miscellaneous intangible plant. 256.303 Section 256.303 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION... plant. (a) This account shall include the cost of patent rights, licenses, privileges, and...

  2. 17 CFR 256.411.5 - Investment tax credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Investment tax credit. 256.411... HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.411.5 Investment tax credit. (a) This account shall be debited with the amounts of investment tax credits related to service company...

  3. 30 CFR 256.80 - Leases of other minerals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Leases of other minerals. 256.80 Section 256.80 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE....80 Leases of other minerals. The existence of a lease that meets the requirements of section 6(a)...

  4. A reconfigurable 256 × 256 image sensor controller that is compatible for depth measurement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhe, Chen; Shan, Di; Cong, Shi; Liyuan, Liu; Nanjian, Wu

    2014-10-01

    This paper presents an image sensor controller that is compatible for depth measurement, which is based on the continuous-wave modulation time-of-flight technology. The image sensor controller is utilized to generate reconfigurable control signals for a 256 × 256 high speed CMOS image sensor with a conventional image sensing mode and a depth measurement mode. The image sensor controller generates control signals for the pixel array to realize the rolling exposure and the correlated double sampling functions. An refined circuit design technique in the logic level is presented to reduce chip area and power consumption. The chip, with a size of 700 × 3380 μm2, is fabricated in a standard 0.18 μm CMOS image sensor process. The power consumption estimated by the synthesis tool is 65 mW under a 1.8 V supply voltage and a 100 MHz clock frequency. Our test results show that the image sensor controller functions properly.

  5. 27 CFR 25.6 - Delegations of the Administrator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 CFR Part 25, Beer. You may obtain a copy of this order by accessing the TTB Web site (http://www..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS BEER Scope of Regulations § 25.6 Delegations of the Administrator....

  6. 27 CFR 25.6 - Delegations of the Administrator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 CFR Part 25, Beer. You may obtain a copy of this order by accessing the TTB Web site (http://www..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ALCOHOL BEER Scope of Regulations § 25.6 Delegations of the Administrator....

  7. 27 CFR 25.6 - Delegations of the Administrator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 CFR Part 25, Beer. You may obtain a copy of this order by accessing the TTB Web site (http://www..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS BEER Scope of Regulations § 25.6 Delegations of the Administrator....

  8. 27 CFR 25.6 - Delegations of the Administrator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 CFR Part 25, Beer. You may obtain a copy of this order by accessing the TTB Web site (http://www..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ALCOHOL BEER Scope of Regulations § 25.6 Delegations of the Administrator....

  9. 40 CFR 408.256 - Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... works must comply with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard establishes the...-Shucked Oyster Processing Subcategory § 408.256 Pretreatment standards for new sources. Any new...

  10. 40 CFR 408.256 - Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... works must comply with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard establishes the...-Shucked Oyster Processing Subcategory § 408.256 Pretreatment standards for new sources. Any new...

  11. 40 CFR 408.256 - Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... works must comply with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard establishes the...-Shucked Oyster Processing Subcategory § 408.256 Pretreatment standards for new sources. Any new...

  12. 40 CFR 408.256 - Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... works must comply with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard establishes the...-Shucked Oyster Processing Subcategory § 408.256 Pretreatment standards for new sources. Any new...

  13. 40 CFR 408.256 - Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... works must comply with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard establishes the...-Shucked Oyster Processing Subcategory § 408.256 Pretreatment standards for new sources. Any new...

  14. 27 CFR 25.6 - Delegations of the Administrator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 CFR Part 25, Beer. You may obtain a copy of this order by accessing the TTB Web site (http://www..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS BEER Scope of Regulations § 25.6 Delegations of the Administrator....

  15. 30 CFR 256.8 - Leasing maps and diagrams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas, and Sulphur Management, General § 256.8 Leasing maps and diagrams. (a) Any area of the...

  16. 76 FR 11433 - Federal Transition To Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA)-256

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-02

    ... Hash Algorithm (SHA)-256 AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD), General Services Administration (GSA... agencies about ways for the acquisition community to transition to Secure Hash Algorithm SHA-256. SHA-256... Hash Algorithm SHA-256'' in all correspondence related to this public meeting. FOR FURTHER...

  17. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Pa-256 (Protactinium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Pa-256 (Protactinium, atomic number Z = 91, mass number A = 256).

  18. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Ac-256 (Actinium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Ac-256 (Actinium, atomic number Z = 89, mass number A = 256).

  19. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Es-256 (Einsteinium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Es-256 (Einsteinium, atomic number Z = 99, mass number A = 256).

  20. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for At-256 (Astatine)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope At-256 (Astatine, atomic number Z = 85, mass number A = 256).

  1. 17 CFR 256.926 - Employee pensions and benefits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Employee pensions and benefits... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 2. Expense § 256.926 Employee pensions and benefits. This account shall include pensions paid to or on behalf of retired employees, or payments for the purchase...

  2. 17 CFR 256.282 - Accumulated deferred income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 9. Accumulated Deferred Income Taxes § 256.282 Accumulated deferred income taxes. (a) The text of these accounts is designed primarily to cover deferrals of Federal income taxes. However, they are also to be used when making deferrals of state and local income taxes....

  3. 17 CFR 256.282 - Accumulated deferred income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 9. Accumulated Deferred Income Taxes § 256.282 Accumulated deferred income taxes. (a) The text of these accounts is designed primarily to cover deferrals of Federal income taxes. However, they are also to be used when making deferrals of state and local income taxes....

  4. 17 CFR 256.408 - Taxes other than income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxes other than income taxes... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.408 Taxes other than income taxes..., or other local governmental authorities, except income taxes. (b) When it is not possible...

  5. 17 CFR 256.190 - Accumulated deferred income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 4. Deferred Debits § 256.190 Accumulated deferred income taxes. (a) This account shall be debited and account 411, Provision for deferred income taxes—credit, or account... which income taxes payable for the year are higher because of the inclusion of certain items in...

  6. 17 CFR 256.190 - Accumulated deferred income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 4. Deferred Debits § 256.190 Accumulated deferred income taxes. (a) This account shall be debited and account 411, Provision for deferred income taxes—credit, or account... which income taxes payable for the year are higher because of the inclusion of certain items in...

  7. 17 CFR 256.242 - Miscellaneous current and accrued liabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Miscellaneous current and... COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 7. Current and Accrued Liabilities § 256.242 Miscellaneous current and accrued liabilities. This account shall include the amount of all other current...

  8. 17 CFR 256.174 - Miscellaneous current and accrued assets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Miscellaneous current and... COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 3. Current and Accrued Assets § 256.174 Miscellaneous current and accrued assets. This account shall include the cost of all other current and accrued...

  9. 17 CFR 256.174 - Miscellaneous current and accrued assets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Miscellaneous current and... COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 3. Current and Accrued Assets § 256.174 Miscellaneous current and accrued assets. This account shall include the cost of all other current and accrued...

  10. 17 CFR 256.242 - Miscellaneous current and accrued liabilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Miscellaneous current and... COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 7. Current and Accrued Liabilities § 256.242 Miscellaneous current and accrued liabilities. This account shall include the amount of all other current...

  11. 17 CFR 256.163 - Stores expense undistributed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... orders. All expenses of a service company's centralized procurement activities shall be cleared through... (CONTINUED) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 3. Current and Accrued Assets § 256.163 Stores expense...

  12. 17 CFR 256.163 - Stores expense undistributed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... orders. All expenses of a service company's centralized procurement activities shall be cleared through... (CONTINUED) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 3. Current and Accrued Assets § 256.163 Stores expense...

  13. 30 CFR 256.54 - General requirements for bonds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 256.54 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF... certifies as an acceptable surety on Federal bonds and that is listed in the current Treasury Circular No. 570. You may obtain a copy of the current Treasury Circular No. 570 from the Surety Bond...

  14. 17 CFR 256.136 - Temporary cash investments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 3. Current and Accrued Assets § 256.136 Temporary cash investments..., United States Treasury obligations, marketable securities, and other similar investments, acquired...

  15. 17 CFR 256.154 - Materials and supplies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 3. Current and Accrued Assets § 256.154 Materials and supplies. (a) The service company may utilize this account, where appropriate, to include the costs of materials and supplies held for use by the service company in performing its services. The cost of material and...

  16. 30 CFR 256.10 - Information to States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas, and Sulphur Management, General § 256.10 Information to States. (a) The information covered... of the Minerals Management Service may be released only in accordance with the regulations in 30...

  17. 30 CFR 256.0 - Authority for information collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Outer Continental Shelf Oil, Gas, and... seq. OMB assigned the control number 1010-0006. The title of this information collection is “30 CFR part 256, Leasing of Sulphur or Oil and Gas in the Outer Continental Shelf.” (b) MMS collects...

  18. 17 CFR 256.932 - Maintenance of structures and equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 2. Expense § 256.932 Maintenance of structures and equipment. This... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Maintenance of structures...

  19. 15 CFR 256.2 - The Research Associate Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... ASSOCIATE PROGRAM § 256.2 The Research Associate Program. The Bureau provides its facilities, scientific competence, and technical supervision for defined scientific or technical research by a Research Associate when such research is complementary to and compatible with scientific or technical research...

  20. 27 CFR 40.256 - Minimum manufacturing and activity requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Minimum manufacturing and... Provisions Relating to Operations § 40.256 Minimum manufacturing and activity requirements. The minimum manufacturing and activity requirement prescribed in § 40.61(c) of this part is a continuing condition of...

  1. 27 CFR 40.256 - Minimum manufacturing and activity requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Minimum manufacturing and... Provisions Relating to Operations § 40.256 Minimum manufacturing and activity requirements. The minimum manufacturing and activity requirement prescribed in § 40.61(b) of this part is a continuing condition of...

  2. 27 CFR 40.256 - Minimum manufacturing and activity requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Minimum manufacturing and... Provisions Relating to Operations § 40.256 Minimum manufacturing and activity requirements. The minimum manufacturing and activity requirement prescribed in § 40.61(b) of this part is a continuing condition of...

  3. 27 CFR 40.256 - Minimum manufacturing and activity requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Minimum manufacturing and... Provisions Relating to Operations § 40.256 Minimum manufacturing and activity requirements. The minimum manufacturing and activity requirement prescribed in § 40.61(c) of this part is a continuing condition of...

  4. 27 CFR 40.256 - Minimum manufacturing and activity requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Minimum manufacturing and... Provisions Relating to Operations § 40.256 Minimum manufacturing and activity requirements. The minimum manufacturing and activity requirement prescribed in § 40.61(b) of this part is a continuing condition of...

  5. 40 CFR 421.256 - Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Mercury Subcategory § 421.256 Pretreatment standards for new sources. Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7... works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources... Maximum for monthly average mg/troy ounce of gold and silver smelted Lead 0.364 0.169 Mercury 0.195...

  6. 40 CFR 421.256 - Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Mercury Subcategory § 421.256 Pretreatment standards for new sources. Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7... works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources... Maximum for monthly average mg/troy ounce of gold and silver smelted Lead 0.364 0.169 Mercury 0.195...

  7. 40 CFR 421.256 - Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Mercury Subcategory § 421.256 Pretreatment standards for new sources. Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7... works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources... Maximum for monthly average mg/troy ounce of gold and silver smelted Lead 0.364 0.169 Mercury 0.195...

  8. 40 CFR 421.256 - Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Mercury Subcategory § 421.256 Pretreatment standards for new sources. Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7... works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources... Maximum for monthly average mg/troy ounce of gold and silver smelted Lead 0.364 0.169 Mercury 0.195...

  9. 40 CFR 421.256 - Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Mercury Subcategory § 421.256 Pretreatment standards for new sources. Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7... works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources... Maximum for monthly average mg/troy ounce of gold and silver smelted Lead 0.364 0.169 Mercury 0.195...

  10. 17 CFR 256.921 - Office supplies and expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 2. Expense § 256.921 Office supplies and expenses. (a) This account... specifically provided for in other accounts. This includes the expenses of the various administrative...

  11. 17 CFR 256.426.5 - Other deductions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.426.5 Other deductions. (a) This account... not written-off to the appropriate operating expense account, shall be included in this account....

  12. 17 CFR 256.923 - Outside services employed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 2. Expense § 256.923 Outside services employed. (a) This account shall include... of fees and expenses for outside services of account 928, Regulatory commission expense, and...

  13. 24 CFR 213.256 - Premiums; insurance upon completion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Premiums; insurance upon completion... AUTHORITIES COOPERATIVE HOUSING MORTGAGE INSURANCE Contract Rights and Obligations-Projects § 213.256 Premiums..., the mortgagee on the date of the first principal payment shall pay a second premium equal to...

  14. 17 CFR 256.930.1 - General advertising expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false General advertising expenses... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 2. Expense § 256.930.1 General advertising expenses. This account shall include the cost of materials used and expenses incurred in advertising and related...

  15. 50 CFR 216.256 - Applications for Letters of Authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... in the Gulf of Mexico § 216.256 Applications for Letters of Authorization. To incidentally take... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Applications for Letters of Authorization... ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING...

  16. 15 CFR 256.2 - The Research Associate Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... ASSOCIATE PROGRAM § 256.2 The Research Associate Program. The Bureau provides its facilities, scientific competence, and technical supervision for defined scientific or technical research by a Research Associate when such research is complementary to and compatible with scientific or technical research...

  17. 15 CFR 256.2 - The Research Associate Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... ASSOCIATE PROGRAM § 256.2 The Research Associate Program. The Bureau provides its facilities, scientific competence, and technical supervision for defined scientific or technical research by a Research Associate when such research is complementary to and compatible with scientific or technical research...

  18. 15 CFR 256.2 - The Research Associate Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... ASSOCIATE PROGRAM § 256.2 The Research Associate Program. The Bureau provides its facilities, scientific competence, and technical supervision for defined scientific or technical research by a Research Associate when such research is complementary to and compatible with scientific or technical research...

  19. 17 CFR 256.926 - Employee pensions and benefits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... employee benefit programs such as medical and surgical benefits, disability benefits, life insurance... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Employee pensions and benefits... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 2. Expense § 256.926 Employee pensions and benefits. This...

  20. 17 CFR 256.408 - Taxes other than income taxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxes other than income taxes... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.408 Taxes other than income taxes. (a) This account shall include the amount of state unemployment insurance, franchise taxes,...

  1. 17 CFR 256.403 - Depreciation and amortization expense.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Depreciation and amortization... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.403 Depreciation and amortization expense. This account shall include the amount of depreciation and amortization for all service plant,...

  2. Implementation of cryptographic hash function SHA256 in C++

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shrivastava, Akash

    2012-02-01

    This abstract explains the implementation of SHA Secure hash algorithm 256 using C++. The SHA-2 is a strong hashing algorithm used in almost all kinds of security applications. The algorithm consists of 2 phases: Preprocessing and hash computation. Preprocessing involves padding a message, parsing the padded message into m-bits blocks, and setting initialization values to be used in the hash computation. It generates a message schedule from padded message and uses that schedule, along with functions, constants, and word operations to iteratively generate a series of hash values. The final hash value generated by the computation is used to determine the message digest. SHA-2 includes a significant number of changes from its predecessor, SHA-1. SHA-2 consists of a set of four hash functions with digests that are 224, 256, 384 or 512 bits. The algorithm outputs a 256 bits message block with an internal state block of 256 bits and initial block size of 512 bits. Maximum message length in bit is generated is 2^64 -1, over all computed over a series of 64 rounds consisting or several operations such as and, or, Xor, Shr, Rot. The code will provide clear understanding of the hash algorithm and generates hash values to retrieve message digest.

  3. 17 CFR 256.311 - Other service company property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Other service company property... (CONTINUED) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Service Company Property Accounts § 256.311 Other service...

  4. 17 CFR 256.136 - Temporary cash investments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Temporary cash investments... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 3. Current and Accrued Assets § 256.136 Temporary cash investments. This account shall include the cost of investments, such as demand and time loans, bankers'...

  5. 17 CFR 256.310 - Aircraft and airport equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Aircraft and airport equipment... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Service Company Property Accounts § 256.310 Aircraft and airport equipment. This account shall include the delivered cost of all service company owned aircraft...

  6. 17 CFR 256.310 - Aircraft and airport equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Aircraft and airport equipment... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Service Company Property Accounts § 256.310 Aircraft and airport equipment. This account shall include the delivered cost of all service company owned aircraft...

  7. 17 CFR 256.188 - Research, development, or demonstration expenditures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Research, development, or... COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 4. Deferred Debits § 256.188 Research, development, or... of all expenditures for research, development or demonstration undertaken by or sponsored through...

  8. 256. Photocopy of drawing (1975 piping drawing by the Ralph ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    256. Photocopy of drawing (1975 piping drawing by the Ralph M. Parsons Company) LIQUID OXYGEN FLOW DIAGRAM FOR THE LSB AREA, SHEET P-2 - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Pad 3 East, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  9. Spontaneous fission properties of 2. 9-s sup 256 No

    SciTech Connect

    Hoffman, D.C.; Lee, D.M.; Gregorich, K.E.; Nurmia, M.J.; Chadwick, R.B.; Chen, K.B.; Czerwinski, K.R.; Gannett, C.M.; Hall, H.L.; Henderson, R.A.; Kadkhodayan, B.; Kreek, S.A.; Leyba, J.D. Chemistry Department, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720)

    1990-02-01

    We have measured the mass and kinetic-energy distributions of fragments from the spontaneous fission of {sup 256}No produced via the {sup 248}Cm({sup 12}C,4{ital n}) reaction. The production cross section using 71-MeV {sup 12}C projectiles was found to be 250 nb. The total kinetic energy for spontaneous fission of {sup 256}No is 196{plus minus}3 MeV. The mass distribution is very broad (full width at half maximum of {similar to}50 mass units) with no appreciable decrease in yield for symmetric mass division. {sup 256}No seems to be the transition nucleus between the asymmetric mass division observed for spontaneous fission of the lighter No isotopes and the symmetric mass division observed for the heavier No isotopes. Its properties are similar to those of {sup 257}Fm, the isotope at which this transition occurs in the Fm isotopes, but the {sup 256}No mass distribution is broader than that for {sup 257}Fm, and its average total kinetic energy for symmetric mass division is about 15 MeV lower. We determined the half-life of {sup 256}No to be 2.91{plus minus}0.05 s by measuring its {alpha} decay. We measured a spontaneous fission to {alpha} ratio of 0.0053{sub {minus}0.0003}{sup +0.0006}, which gives a partial half-life for spontaneous fission of 550{sub {minus}70}{sup +40} s. An energy of 8.448{plus minus}0.006 MeV was measured for the {alpha}-particle decay to the ground state of {sup 252}Fm, allowing us to calculate the mass excess for {sup 256}No as 87820{plus minus}8 keV. The energy of the 2{sup +} rotational level in the {sup 252}Fm daughter is 47{plus minus}5 keV, and the intensity of the 8.402-MeV {alpha} group populating this level is (13{plus minus}2)%.

  10. Level structure of sup 256 Fm: Experiment vs theory

    SciTech Connect

    Bunker, M.E.; Starner, J.W.

    1990-01-01

    The amount of experimental data on intrinsic states in the even-even isotopes of the transcurium elements is rather limited, providing only a few tests of theoretical models in this region. Thus, it is of interest to determine to what extent the recent results on levels in {sup 256}Fm compare with existing theoretical calculations, such as those of Ivanova et al. 4 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  11. 256. Linn Cove Viaduct. This is the first precast concrete ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    256. Linn Cove Viaduct. This is the first precast concrete segmental concrete segmental viaduct to be built with the progressive method in the United States. It contains nearly every type of highway construction within its length. With is super elevation of up to ten degrees and its tight horizontal and spiral curves, it was the most complicated bridge of its type built to that time. Looking south-southwest. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

  12. 31 CFR 256.60 - How do I get paid for a Private Relief Bill?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Bill? 256.60 Section 256.60 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance... THE JUDGMENT FUND AND UNDER PRIVATE RELIEF BILLS Private Relief Bills § 256.60 How do I get paid for a Private Relief Bill? You may apply for payment by sending a request letter along with...

  13. 31 CFR 256.60 - How do I get paid for a Private Relief Bill?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Bill? 256.60 Section 256.60 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance... THE JUDGMENT FUND AND UNDER PRIVATE RELIEF BILLS Private Relief Bills § 256.60 How do I get paid for a Private Relief Bill? You may apply for payment by sending a request letter along with...

  14. 31 CFR 256.60 - How do I get paid for a Private Relief Bill?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Relief Bill? 256.60 Section 256.60 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance... THE JUDGMENT FUND AND UNDER PRIVATE RELIEF BILLS Private Relief Bills § 256.60 How do I get paid for a Private Relief Bill? You may apply for payment by sending a request letter along with...

  15. 31 CFR 256.60 - How do I get paid for a Private Relief Bill?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Relief Bill? 256.60 Section 256.60 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance... THE JUDGMENT FUND AND UNDER PRIVATE RELIEF BILLS Private Relief Bills § 256.60 How do I get paid for a Private Relief Bill? You may apply for payment by sending a request letter along with...

  16. 31 CFR 256.60 - How do I get paid for a Private Relief Bill?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Bill? 256.60 Section 256.60 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance... THE JUDGMENT FUND AND UNDER PRIVATE RELIEF BILLS Private Relief Bills § 256.60 How do I get paid for a Private Relief Bill? You may apply for payment by sending a request letter along with...

  17. 24 CFR 203.256 - Insurance of open-end advance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Insurance of open-end advance. 203.256 Section 203.256 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban... Insurance § 203.256 Insurance of open-end advance. Insurance on an open-end advance will be evidenced...

  18. 40 CFR 256.03 - State plan submission, adoption, and revision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false State plan submission, adoption, and revision. 256.03 Section 256.03 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID..., General Requirements, Definitions § 256.03 State plan submission, adoption, and revision. (a) To...

  19. 40 CFR 256.03 - State plan submission, adoption, and revision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false State plan submission, adoption, and revision. 256.03 Section 256.03 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID..., General Requirements, Definitions § 256.03 State plan submission, adoption, and revision. (a) To...

  20. 40 CFR 256.03 - State plan submission, adoption, and revision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true State plan submission, adoption, and revision. 256.03 Section 256.03 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID..., General Requirements, Definitions § 256.03 State plan submission, adoption, and revision. (a) To...

  1. 40 CFR 256.03 - State plan submission, adoption, and revision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false State plan submission, adoption, and revision. 256.03 Section 256.03 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID..., General Requirements, Definitions § 256.03 State plan submission, adoption, and revision. (a) To...

  2. 40 CFR 256.03 - State plan submission, adoption, and revision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false State plan submission, adoption, and revision. 256.03 Section 256.03 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID..., General Requirements, Definitions § 256.03 State plan submission, adoption, and revision. (a) To...

  3. 6 CFR 25.6 - Procedures for designation of qualified anti-terrorism technologies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...-terrorism technologies. 25.6 Section 25.6 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY REGULATIONS TO SUPPORT ANTI-TERRORISM BY FOSTERING EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES § 25.6 Procedures for designation of qualified anti-terrorism technologies. (a) Application Procedure. Any person, firm or...

  4. 6 CFR 25.6 - Procedures for designation of qualified anti-terrorism technologies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...-terrorism technologies. 25.6 Section 25.6 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY REGULATIONS TO SUPPORT ANTI-TERRORISM BY FOSTERING EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES § 25.6 Procedures for designation of qualified anti-terrorism technologies. (a) Application Procedure. Any person, firm or...

  5. 17 CFR 256.01-12 - Compensation for use of capital.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... capital. 256.01-12 Section 256.01-12 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 General Instructions § 256.01-12 Compensation for use of capital... of expenses plus reasonable compensation for necessary capital procured through the issuance...

  6. 29 CFR 25.6 - Time; additional time after service by mail.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Time; additional time after service by mail. 25.6 Section 25.6 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor RULES FOR THE NOMINATION OF ARBITRATORS UNDER SECTION 11 OF EXECUTIVE ORDER 10988 § 25.6 Time; additional time after service by mail. (a) In computing any period...

  7. 17 CFR 256.457-1 - Direct costs charged to associate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Direct costs charged to associate companies. 256.457-1 Section 256.457-1 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE... COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.457-1 Direct...

  8. 17 CFR 256.458-1 - Direct costs charged to nonassociate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Direct costs charged to nonassociate companies. 256.458-1 Section 256.458-1 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE... COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.458-1 Direct...

  9. 17 CFR 256.458-2 - Indirect costs charged to nonassociate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Indirect costs charged to nonassociate companies. 256.458-2 Section 256.458-2 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE... COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.458-2 Indirect...

  10. 25 CFR 256.5 - What is the Housing Improvement Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What is the Housing Improvement Program? 256.5 Section 256.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOUSING HOUSING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM § 256.5 What is the Housing Improvement Program? The Housing Improvement Program is a safety-net...

  11. 25 CFR 256.5 - What is the Housing Improvement Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What is the Housing Improvement Program? 256.5 Section 256.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOUSING HOUSING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM § 256.5 What is the Housing Improvement Program? The Housing Improvement Program is a safety-net...

  12. 25 CFR 256.5 - What is the Housing Improvement Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false What is the Housing Improvement Program? 256.5 Section 256.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOUSING HOUSING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM § 256.5 What is the Housing Improvement Program? The Housing Improvement Program is a safety-net...

  13. 25 CFR 256.5 - What is the Housing Improvement Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false What is the Housing Improvement Program? 256.5 Section 256.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOUSING HOUSING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM § 256.5 What is the Housing Improvement Program? The Housing Improvement Program is a safety-net...

  14. 30 CFR 256.52 - Bond requirements for an oil and gas or sulphur lease.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Bond requirements for an oil and gas or sulphur lease. 256.52 Section 256.52 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Bonding § 256.52...

  15. 30 CFR 256.59 - Forfeiture of bonds and/or other securities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Forfeiture of bonds and/or other securities. 256.59 Section 256.59 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Bonding § 256.59 Forfeiture...

  16. 30 CFR 256.57 - Using a third-party guarantee instead of a bond.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    .... 256.57 Section 256.57 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Bonding § 256.57 Using a third... either Moody's Investor Service or Standard and Poor's Corporation; (ii) Your guarantor's net...

  17. 30 CFR 256.20 - Consideration of coastal zone management program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... program. 256.20 Section 256.20 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Oil and Gas Leasing Program § 256.20 Consideration of coastal zone management program. In the development of the leasing...

  18. 30 CFR 256.16 - Receipt and consideration of nominations; public notice and participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...; public notice and participation. 256.16 Section 256.16 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Oil and Gas Leasing Program § 256.16 Receipt and consideration of nominations; public notice and...

  19. 17 CFR 256.01-2 - Application to service companies doing business with nonassociate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... companies doing business with nonassociate companies. 256.01-2 Section 256.01-2 Commodity and Securities... COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 General Instructions § 256.01-2 Application to service companies doing business with nonassociate companies. While...

  20. 17 CFR 256.457-2 - Indirect costs charged to associate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... associate companies. 256.457-2 Section 256.457-2 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (CONTINUED) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.457-2 Indirect...

  1. 40 CFR 256.64 - Requirements for public participation in the open dump inventory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... classification of a facility as an open dump to the Federal Government. The State shall accomplish this by... in the open dump inventory. 256.64 Section 256.64 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... MANAGEMENT PLANS Public Participation § 256.64 Requirements for public participation in the open...

  2. 6 CFR 25.6 - Procedures for designation of qualified anti-terrorism technologies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...-terrorism technologies. 25.6 Section 25.6 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY REGULATIONS TO SUPPORT ANTI-TERRORISM BY FOSTERING EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES § 25.6 Procedures for designation of qualified anti-terrorism technologies. (a) Application Procedure. Any person, firm or...

  3. beta. -delayed fission from /sup 256/Es/sup m/ and the level scheme of /sup 256/Fm

    SciTech Connect

    Hall, H.L.; Gregorich, K.E.; Henderson, R.A.; Lee, D.M.; Hoffman, D.C.; Bunker, M.E.; Fowler, M.M.; Lysaght, P.; Starner, J.W.; Wilhelmy, J.B.; and others

    1989-05-01

    The 7.6-h isotope /sup 256/Es/sup m/ was produced from a 2.5-..mu..g/cm/sup 2/ target of /sup 254/Es by the (t,p) reaction. The reaction products were separated radiochemically, and the decay properties of /sup 256/Es/sup m/ were determined via ..beta..-..gamma.., ..gamma..-..gamma.., and ..beta..-fission correlation techniques. From these measurements we were able to assign 57 ..gamma.. rays to 26 levels in the daughter /sup 256/Fm. An isomeric level was observed at 1425 keV and assigned a spin and parity of 7/sup -/. This level has a t/sub 1/2/ of (70 +- 5) ns and we observed two ..beta..-delayed fissions with delay times in the proper time range to be associated with fission from this level. This gives a ..beta..-delayed fission probability of 2 x 10/sup -5/ for this level and a partial fission half-life of 0.8/sub -0.7//sup +8.8/ ms at the 95% confidence level.

  4. Is the chemistry of lawrencium peculiar?

    PubMed

    Xu, Wen-Hua; Pyykkö, Pekka

    2016-07-14

    It is explicitly verified that the atomic 7p(1) ground-state configuration of Lr originates from relativistic effects. Without relativity one has 6d(1). All three ionization potentials IP1-3 of Lr resemble those of Lu. Simple model studies on mono- and trihydrides, monocarbonyls or trichlorides suggest no major chemical differences between Lr and the lanthanides. PMID:27314425

  5. Dissemination of Walker 256 carcinoma cells to rat skeletal muscle

    SciTech Connect

    Ueoka, H.; Hayashi, K.; Namba, T.; Grob, D.

    1986-03-05

    After injection of 10/sup 6/ Walker 256 carcinoma cells labelled with /sup 125/I-5-iodo-2'-deoxyuridine into the tail vein, peak concentration in skeletal muscle was 46 cells/g at 60 minutes, which was lower than 169202, 1665, 555, 198 and 133 cells/g, respectively, at 30 or 60 minutes in lung, liver, spleen, kidney and heart. Because skeletal muscle constitutes 37.4% of body weight, the total number of tumor cells was 2323 cells, which was much greater than in spleen, kidney and heart with 238, 271, and 85 cells, respectively, and only less than in lung and liver, at 222857 and 11700 cells, respectively. The total number in skeletal muscle became greater than in liver at 4 hours and than in lung at 24 hours. Ten minutes after injection of 7.5 x 10/sup 6/ Walker 256 carcinoma cells into the abdominal aorta of rats, a mean of 31 colony-forming cells were recovered from the gastrocnemius, while 106 cells were recovered from the lung after injection into the tail vein. These results indicate that a large number of viable tumor cells can be arrested in skeletal muscle through circulation. The rare remote metastasis of malignancies into skeletal muscle despite constantly circulating tumor cells does not appear to be due to poor dissemination of tumor cells into muscle but due to unhospitable environment of skeletal muscle.

  6. 25 CFR 256.5 - What is the Housing Improvement Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true What is the Housing Improvement Program? 256.5 Section 256.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOUSING HOUSING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM § 256.5 What is the Housing Improvement Program? The Housing Improvement Program is a safety-net program that provides grants for the cost of...

  7. 17 CFR 256.01-5 - Determination of service cost accounting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... accounting. Service at cost and fair allocation of costs require, first of all, an accurate accounting for... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Determination of service cost accounting. 256.01-5 Section 256.01-5 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE...

  8. 17 CFR 256.01-5 - Determination of service cost accounting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... accounting. Service at cost and fair allocation of costs require, first of all, an accurate accounting for... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Determination of service cost accounting. 256.01-5 Section 256.01-5 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE...

  9. 30 CFR 256.57 - Using a third-party guarantee instead of a bond.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .... 256.57 Section 256.57 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND ENFORCEMENT... Regional Director's satisfaction that your guarantor is qualified based on: (i) Your guarantor's current... guarantor's other guarantees; (iii) Your guarantor's ratio of current assets to current liabilities,...

  10. 30 CFR 256.92 - What must I do to obtain a bonus or royalty credit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What must I do to obtain a bonus or royalty credit? 256.92 Section 256.92 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND...) A list of all bonus and rental payments for that lease made by, or on behalf of, each of the...

  11. 17 CFR 256.108 - Accumulated provision for depreciation and amortization of service company property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., unless the company maintains costs and related reserves for specific units or types of property. (c... depreciation and amortization of service company property. 256.108 Section 256.108 Commodity and Securities... COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Balance...

  12. 40 CFR 264.256 - Special requirements for ignitable or reactive waste.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... reactive waste. 264.256 Section 264.256 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE... applicable requirements of 40 CFR part 268, and: (a) The waste is treated, rendered, or mixed before...

  13. 17 CFR 256.01-3 - General structure of accounting system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... accounting system. 256.01-3 Section 256.01-3 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE... accounting system. (a) The accounts provided herein are in two general categories: Balance sheet accounts and... account numbers in the Uniform System of Accounts for Public Utilities and Licensees (18 CFR Part 101)...

  14. 40 CFR 256.61 - Requirements for public participation in the annual State work program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... program. (a) A public participation work plan in accord with 40 CFR 25.11 shall be included in the annual... required by 40 CFR part 35, the draft work program shall be made available to the public at the State... in the annual State work program. 256.61 Section 256.61 Protection of Environment...

  15. 31 CFR 256.31 - How does FMS compute interest on payments?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How does FMS compute interest on payments? 256.31 Section 256.31 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance... compute interest on payments? FMS computes interest according to the terms of the statute that...

  16. 42 CFR 441.256 - Additional condition for Federal financial participation (FFP).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... participation (FFP). 441.256 Section 441.256 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT... financial participation (FFP). (a) FFP is not available in expenditures for any sterilization or... through November 2, 1982, FFP is available in expenditures for those services if the documentation...

  17. 31 CFR 256.31 - How does FMS compute interest on payments?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How does FMS compute interest on payments? 256.31 Section 256.31 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance... compute interest on payments? FMS computes interest according to the terms of the statute that...

  18. 30 CFR 256.76 - Relinquishment of leases or parts of leases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relinquishment of leases or parts of leases. 256.76 Section 256.76 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Termination of Leases §...

  19. 30 CFR 256.68 - Effect of assignment of a particular tract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Effect of assignment of a particular tract. 256.68 Section 256.68 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Assignments, Transfers, and...

  20. 30 CFR 256.58 - Termination of the period of liability and cancellation of a bond.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Termination of the period of liability and cancellation of a bond. 256.58 Section 256.58 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Bonding §...

  1. 30 CFR 256.62 - Assignment of lease or interest in lease.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Assignment of lease or interest in lease. 256.62 Section 256.62 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR OIL AND GAS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Assignments, Transfers, and...

  2. 31 CFR 256.21 - Are Judgment Fund payments offset to collect administrative debts?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Are Judgment Fund payments offset to collect administrative debts? 256.21 Section 256.21 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE OBTAINING PAYMENTS FROM THE JUDGMENT FUND...

  3. 31 CFR 256.41 - When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... days of the request for reimbursement. See 5 CFR part 724. Agencies that do not meet this requirement... No FEAR payments? 256.41 Section 256.41 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments? Reimbursement for a CDA or No FEAR...

  4. 31 CFR 256.41 - When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... reimbursement plans must be made within 45 days of the request for reimbursement. See 5 CFR part 724. Agencies... No FEAR payments? 256.41 Section 256.41 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments? Reimbursement for a CDA or No FEAR...

  5. 31 CFR 256.41 - When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... days of the request for reimbursement. See 5 CFR part 724. Agencies that do not meet this requirement... No FEAR payments? 256.41 Section 256.41 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments? Reimbursement for a CDA or No FEAR...

  6. 31 CFR 256.41 - When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... days of the request for reimbursement. See 5 CFR part 724. Agencies that do not meet this requirement... No FEAR payments? 256.41 Section 256.41 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments? Reimbursement for a CDA or No FEAR...

  7. 31 CFR 256.41 - When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... days of the request for reimbursement. See 5 CFR part 724. Agencies that do not meet this requirement... No FEAR payments? 256.41 Section 256.41 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments? Reimbursement for a CDA or No FEAR...

  8. Feasibility of Free-breathing CCTA using 256-MDCT.

    PubMed

    Liu, Zhuo; Sun, Ye; Zhang, Zhuolu; Chen, Lei; Hong, Nan

    2016-07-01

    Usually, coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is performed during breath-holding to reduce artifact caused by respiration. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of free-breathing CCTA compared to breath-holding using CT scanner with wide detector. To evaluate the feasibility of CCTA during free-breathing using a 256-MDCT. In 80 patients who underwent CCTA, 40 were performed during breath-holding (group A), and the remaining 40 during free-breathing (group B). The quality scores for coronary arteries were analyzed and defined as: 3 (excellent), 2 (good), and 1 (poor). The image noise, signal-to-noise ratio and effective radiation dose as well as the heart rate variation were compared. The noise, signal-to-noise ratio, and effective radiation dose were not significantly different between the 2 groups. The mean heart rate variation between planning and scanning for group A was 7 ± 7.6 bpm, and larger than 3 ± 2.6 bpm for group B (P = 0.012). Quality scores of the free-breathing group were better than those of the breath-holding group (group A: 2.55 ± 0.64, group B: 2.85 ± 0.36, P = 0.018). Free-breathing CCTA is feasible on wide detector CT scanner to provide acceptable image quality with reduced heart rate variation and better images for certain patients. PMID:27399104

  9. 25 CFR 256.28 - What can I do if I disagree with actions taken under the Housing Improvement Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Housing Improvement Program? 256.28 Section 256.28 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOUSING HOUSING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM § 256.28 What can I do if I disagree with actions taken under the Housing Improvement Program? You may appeal action or inaction by an official of the Bureau...

  10. 25 CFR 256.28 - What can I do if I disagree with actions taken under the Housing Improvement Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Housing Improvement Program? 256.28 Section 256.28 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOUSING HOUSING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM § 256.28 What can I do if I disagree with actions taken under the Housing Improvement Program? You may appeal action or inaction by an official of the Bureau...

  11. 31 CFR 256.13 - Are agencies required to supply a taxpayer identification number (TIN) when submitting a request...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... taxpayer identification number (TIN) when submitting a request for payment? 256.13 Section 256.13 Money and... BILLS Requesting Payments § 256.13 Are agencies required to supply a taxpayer identification number (TIN) when submitting a request for payment? Yes, agencies must include a valid TIN on all requests...

  12. 31 CFR 256.13 - Are agencies required to supply a taxpayer identification number (TIN) when submitting a request...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... taxpayer identification number (TIN) when submitting a request for payment? 256.13 Section 256.13 Money and... BILLS Requesting Payments § 256.13 Are agencies required to supply a taxpayer identification number (TIN) when submitting a request for payment? Yes, agencies must include a valid TIN on all requests...

  13. 31 CFR 256.13 - Are agencies required to supply a taxpayer identification number (TIN) when submitting a request...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... taxpayer identification number (TIN) when submitting a request for payment? 256.13 Section 256.13 Money and... BILLS Requesting Payments § 256.13 Are agencies required to supply a taxpayer identification number (TIN) when submitting a request for payment? Yes, agencies must include a valid TIN on all requests...

  14. 31 CFR 256.13 - Are agencies required to supply a taxpayer identification number (TIN) when submitting a request...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... taxpayer identification number (TIN) when submitting a request for payment? 256.13 Section 256.13 Money and... BILLS Requesting Payments § 256.13 Are agencies required to supply a taxpayer identification number (TIN) when submitting a request for payment? Yes, agencies must include a valid TIN on all requests...

  15. 47 CFR 25.256 - Special Requirements for operations in the 3.65-3.7 GHz band.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...-3.7 GHz band. 25.256 Section 25.256 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Technical Standards § 25.256 Special Requirements for... station, licensees of earth stations operating on a primary basis in the Fixed-Satellite Service in the...

  16. 47 CFR 25.256 - Special Requirements for operations in the 3.65-3.7 GHz band.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...-3.7 GHz band. 25.256 Section 25.256 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Technical Standards § 25.256 Special Requirements for... station, licensees of earth stations operating on a primary basis in the fixed satellite service in the...

  17. 47 CFR 25.256 - Special Requirements for operations in the 3.65-3.7 GHz band.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...-3.7 GHz band. 25.256 Section 25.256 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Technical Standards § 25.256 Special Requirements for... station, licensees of earth stations operating on a primary basis in the fixed satellite service in the...

  18. 47 CFR 25.256 - Special Requirements for operations in the 3.65-3.7 GHz band.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...-3.7 GHz band. 25.256 Section 25.256 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Technical Standards § 25.256 Special Requirements for... station, licensees of earth stations operating on a primary basis in the Fixed-Satellite Service in the...

  19. 31 CFR 256.30 - When does the Judgment Fund pay interest?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... THE JUDGMENT FUND AND UNDER PRIVATE RELIEF BILLS Interest and Litigation Costs § 256.30 When does the...-16 (Civil Rights Act of 1991). In addition, post-judgment interest is paid on awards eligible...

  20. 31 CFR 256.30 - When does the Judgment Fund pay interest?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... THE JUDGMENT FUND AND UNDER PRIVATE RELIEF BILLS Interest and Litigation Costs § 256.30 When does the...-16 (Civil Rights Act of 1991). In addition, post-judgment interest is paid on awards eligible...

  1. Investigation of Antioxidative and Anticancer Potentials of Streptomyces sp. MUM256 Isolated from Malaysia Mangrove Soil

    PubMed Central

    Tan, Loh Teng-Hern; Ser, Hooi-Leng; Yin, Wai-Fong; Chan, Kok-Gan; Lee, Learn-Han; Goh, Bey-Hing

    2015-01-01

    A Streptomyces strain, MUM256 was isolated from Tanjung Lumpur mangrove soil in Malaysia. Characterization of the strain showed that it has properties consistent with those of the members of the genus Streptomyces. In order to explore the potential bioactivities, extract of the fermented broth culture of MUM256 was prepared with organic solvent extraction method. DPPH and SOD activity were utilized to examine the antioxidant capacity and the results have revealed the potency of MUM256 in superoxide anion scavenging activity in dose-dependent manner. The cytotoxicity of MUM256 extract was determined using cell viability assay against 8 different panels of human cancer cell lines. Among all the tested cancer cells, HCT116 was the most sensitive toward the extract treatment. At the highest concentration of tested extract, the result showed 2.3-, 2.0-, and 1.8-folds higher inhibitory effect against HCT116, HT29, and Caco-2 respectively when compared to normal cell line. This result has demonstrated that MUM256 extract was selectively cytotoxic toward colon cancer cell lines. In order to determine the constituents responsible for its bioactivities, the extract was then subjected to chemical analysis using GC-MS. The analysis resulted in the identification of chemical constituents including phenolic and pyrrolopyrazine compounds which may responsible for antioxidant and anticancer activities observed. Based on the findings of this study, the presence of bioactive constituents in MUM256 extract could be a potential source for the development of antioxidative and chemopreventive agents. PMID:26635777

  2. Walker 256/B malignant breast cancer cells disrupt osteoclast cytomorphometry and activity in rats: modulation by α-tocopherol acetate.

    PubMed

    Badraoui, Riadh; Ben-Nasr, Hmed; Amamou, Selma; El-May, Michèle Véronique; Rebai, Tarek

    2014-03-01

    We examined the effects of vitamin E supplementation (VES) on osteoclast (OC) resorbing activity and cytomorphometry in Walker 256/B tumor osteolytic rats. Twenty-four aged male rats were randomized into 3 groups: 6 were sham operated; 9 were injected in the right hind limb with Walker 256/B cells (W256 group); and 9 were injected as above and supplemented with VE (45mg/kg BW) (W256VE group). Twenty days later, bone mass (BV/TV) and some microarchitectural parameters were assessed. Some histodynamic parameters, cellular and nuclear form factors (FFC and FFN), and nuclear-cytoplasmic ratio (N/C) of OC were measured for each group. W256 group exhibited osteolytic lesions in the operated femora. Walker 256/B induced trabecular perforation and decreased BV/TV associated with significant increases in OC numbering (N.Oc/B.Ar and Oc.N/B.Pm) and activity (ES/BS and Oc.S/BS). While FFN remain unchanged, the FFC and N/C ratio increased in the W256 group. W256VE showed less osteolytic lesions. Moreover, disruption of bone microarchitecture and OC activity in W256VE group decreased. VES reduced the malignant Walker 256/B-induced enhanced OC resorbing activity with cytoinhibition rate reaching 41%. The protective effect of VE may be due to its modulation of OC cytomorphometry and subsequently their activity.

  3. Effects of celecoxib and ibuprofen on metabolic disorders induced by Walker-256 tumor in rats.

    PubMed

    de Souza, Camila Oliveira; Kurauti, Mirian Ayumi; de Fatima Silva, Flaviane; de Morais, Hely; Borba-Murad, Glaucia Regina; de Andrade, Fábio Goulart; de Souza, Helenir Medri

    2015-01-01

    The contribution of anti-inflammatory property of celecoxib in the improvement of metabolic disorders in cancer is unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of celecoxib and ibuprofen, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), on several metabolic changes observed in Walker-256 tumor-bearing rats. The effects of these NSAIDs on the tumor growth were also assessed. Celecoxib or ibuprofen (both at 25 mg/Kg) was administered orally for 12 days, beginning on the day the rats were inoculated with Walker-256 tumor cells. Celecoxib treatment prevented the losses in body mass and mass of retroperitoneal adipose tissue, gastrocnemius, and extensor digitorum longus muscles in tumor-bearing rats. Celecoxib also prevented the rise in blood levels of triacylglycerol, urea, and lactate, the inhibition of peripheral response to insulin and hepatic glycolysis, and tended to attenuate the decrease in the food intake, but had no effect on the reduction of glycemia induced by the tumor. In addition, celecoxib treatment increased the number of Walker-256 cells with signs of apoptosis and the tumor necrosis area and prevented the tumor growth. In contrast, ibuprofen treatment had no effect on metabolic parameters affected by the Walker-256 tumor or tumor growth. It can be concluded that celecoxib, unlike ibuprofen, ameliorated several metabolic changes in rats with Walker-256 tumor due to its anti-tumor effect and not its anti-inflammatory property.

  4. Atomic Mass and NuclearBinding Energy for Md-256 (Mendelevium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-256 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 256).

  5. Presence of dynorphin-like immunoreactivity but not opiate binding in Walker-256 tumors

    SciTech Connect

    Bryant, H.U.; Conroy, W.G.; Isom, G.E.; Malven, P.V.; Yim, G.K.W.

    1985-07-15

    Walker-256 tumor tissue was removed from rats on day 8 of tumor growth. An acidified methanol extract of the tumor tissue was assayed for immunoreactive (ir) dynorphin-A 1-17 (DYN-17) and ir-dynorphin-A (DYN-8). Levels of ir-DYN-17 and ir-DYN-8 were nearly 4- and 8-fold higher, respectively, in tumors versus normal muscle. However, tumor homogenates did not exhibit specific /sup 3/H-naloxone binding. These results indicate that although the Walker-256 carcinosarcoma may produce opioids, it is unlikely that these ectopic substances have direct opioid actions on the tumor itself. 34 references, 1 figure.

  6. 40 CFR 256.27 - Recommendation for schedules leading to compliance with the prohibition of open dumping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid Waste Disposal Programs § 256.27 Recommendation for schedules...

  7. 40 CFR 256.27 - Recommendation for schedules leading to compliance with the prohibition of open dumping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid Waste Disposal Programs § 256.27 Recommendation for schedules...

  8. 40 CFR 256.27 - Recommendation for schedules leading to compliance with the prohibition of open dumping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid Waste Disposal Programs § 256.27 Recommendation for schedules...

  9. 40 CFR 256.27 - Recommendation for schedules leading to compliance with the prohibition of open dumping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid Waste Disposal Programs § 256.27 Recommendation for schedules...

  10. 40 CFR 256.27 - Recommendation for schedules leading to compliance with the prohibition of open dumping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid Waste Disposal Programs § 256.27 Recommendation for schedules...

  11. Successful defibrillation in profound hypothermia (core body temperature 25.6 degrees C).

    PubMed

    Thomas, R; Cahill, C J

    2000-11-01

    We report a case of successful defibrillation in a severely hypothermic patient with a core body temperature of 25.6 degrees C as measured oesophageally. Ventricular fibrillation is a recognised life threatening arrhythmia in severely hypothermic patients. The traditional wisdom is that this arrhythmia is refractory to defibrillation at temperatures below 28 degrees C. PMID:11114463

  12. Fast Facts: Recent Statistics from the Library Research Service, Numbers 256-265. February - November, 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Online Submission, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Issues 256 through 265 of "Fast Facts" from the Library Research Service present data collected from libraries in Colorado and throughout the nation. Topics addressed in these "Fast Facts" from 2008 include computer usage by public library patrons, Colorado summer reading programs, children's' use of public libraries, and the distribution of jobs…

  13. 40 CFR 256.24 - Recommendations for closing or upgrading open dumps.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid Waste Disposal Programs § 256.24 Recommendations for closing or upgrading open dumps. (a) All... feasibility of resource recovery or resource conservation to reduce the solid waste volume entering a...

  14. 42 CFR 422.256 - Review, negotiation, and approval of bids.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., benefits, or cost-sharing structure. (ii) Transition period for MA organizations with new acquisitions... Information and Plan Approval § 422.256 Review, negotiation, and approval of bids. (a) Authority. Subject to paragraphs (a)(2), (d), and (e) of this section, CMS has the authority to review the aggregate bid...

  15. 40 CFR 256.24 - Recommendations for closing or upgrading open dumps.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid Waste Disposal Programs § 256.24 Recommendations for closing or upgrading open dumps. (a) All... feasibility of resource recovery or resource conservation to reduce the solid waste volume entering a...

  16. 40 CFR 256.02 - Scope of the State solid waste management plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Scope of the State solid waste...) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Purpose, General Requirements, Definitions § 256.02 Scope of the State solid waste management plan. (a)(1)...

  17. 40 CFR 256.60 - Requirements for public participation in State and substate plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., where the agency determines there is sufficient interest) in accord with 40 CFR 25.5 and 25.6. The..., organizations, and individuals affected by or interested in the plan, which shall include any parties that... parties which the State determines to be affected by or interested in the plan; (2) Provide...

  18. 31 CFR 256.50 - How does FMS process back pay awards?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How does FMS process back pay awards... JUDGMENT FUND AND UNDER PRIVATE RELIEF BILLS Additional Provisions § 256.50 How does FMS process back pay awards? The submitting agency may request one of two methods to process back pay awards. (a) One...

  19. 31 CFR 256.50 - How does FMS process back pay awards?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How does FMS process back pay awards... JUDGMENT FUND AND UNDER PRIVATE RELIEF BILLS Additional Provisions § 256.50 How does FMS process back pay awards? The submitting agency may request one of two methods to process back pay awards. (a) One...

  20. 17 CFR 256.01-3 - General structure of accounting system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... account numbers in the Uniform System of Accounts for Public Utilities and Licensees (18 CFR Part 101) of... COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 General Instructions § 256.01-3 General structure of... company property. (b) The income and expense accounts include, under separate divisions, accounts...

  1. 40 CFR 265.256 - Special requirements for ignitable or reactive waste.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL FACILITIES Waste Piles § 265.256 Special requirements for ignitable or reactive waste. (a) Ignitable or reactive waste must not be placed in a pile unless the waste and pile satisfy all applicable requirements of 40 CFR part 268, and: (1) Addition of the waste to an existing...

  2. 40 CFR 256.24 - Recommendations for closing or upgrading open dumps.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid Waste Disposal Programs § 256.24 Recommendations for closing or upgrading open dumps. (a) All... feasibility of resource recovery or resource conservation to reduce the solid waste volume entering a...

  3. 40 CFR 256.24 - Recommendations for closing or upgrading open dumps.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid Waste Disposal Programs § 256.24 Recommendations for closing or upgrading open dumps. (a) All... feasibility of resource recovery or resource conservation to reduce the solid waste volume entering a...

  4. 40 CFR 256.24 - Recommendations for closing or upgrading open dumps.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid Waste Disposal Programs § 256.24 Recommendations for closing or upgrading open dumps. (a) All... feasibility of resource recovery or resource conservation to reduce the solid waste volume entering a...

  5. 17 CFR 256.427 - Interest on long-term debt.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Interest on long-term debt... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.427 Interest on long-term debt. This account shall include the amount of interest accrued on outstanding long-term debt owed by the...

  6. 17 CFR 256.309 - Automobiles, other vehicles, and related garage equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Automobiles, other vehicles... § 256.309 Automobiles, other vehicles, and related garage equipment. This account shall include the delivered cost of all service company owned automobiles, vans, trucks, and other vehicles used by...

  7. 40 CFR 256.62 - Requirements for public participation in State regulatory development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... summary shall be prepared and made available to the public in accord with 40 CFR 25.8. (b) In advance of... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Requirements for public participation... MANAGEMENT PLANS Public Participation § 256.62 Requirements for public participation in State...

  8. 42 CFR 447.256 - Procedures for CMS action on assurances and State plan amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Procedures for CMS action on assurances and State... for Inpatient Hospital and Long-Term Care Facility Services Payment Rates § 447.256 Procedures for CMS action on assurances and State plan amendments. (a) Criteria for approval. (1) CMS approval action...

  9. 42 CFR 447.256 - Procedures for CMS action on assurances and State plan amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procedures for CMS action on assurances and State... for Inpatient Hospital and Long-Term Care Facility Services Payment Rates § 447.256 Procedures for CMS action on assurances and State plan amendments. (a) Criteria for approval. (1) CMS approval action...

  10. 17 CFR 256.427 - Interest on long-term debt.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Interest on long-term debt... UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Income and Expense Accounts § 256.427 Interest on long-term debt. This account shall include the amount of interest accrued on outstanding long-term debt owed by the...

  11. 17 CFR 256.226 - Unamortized discount on long-term debt-debit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Unamortized discount on long... COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 6. Long-Term Debt § 256.226 Unamortized discount on long-term debt-debit. (a) This account shall include the excess of the face value of long-term...

  12. 17 CFR 256.225 - Unamortized premium on long-term debt.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Unamortized premium on long... COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 6. Long-Term Debt § 256.225 Unamortized premium on long-term debt. (a) This account shall include the excess of the cash value of consideration...

  13. 30 CFR 1206.256 - Valuation standards for cents-per-ton leases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Natural Resources Revenue PRODUCT VALUATION Federal Coal § 1206.256 Valuation... finally disposed of, including coal which is avoidably lost as determine by BLM pursuant to 43 CFR part... lease is readjusted pursuant to 43 CFR part 3400 and the royalty valuation method changes from a...

  14. 17 CFR 256.309 - Automobiles, other vehicles, and related garage equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Automobiles, other vehicles... § 256.309 Automobiles, other vehicles, and related garage equipment. This account shall include the delivered cost of all service company owned automobiles, vans, trucks, and other vehicles used by...

  15. 30 CFR Appendix A to Part 256 - Oil and Gas Cash Bonus Bid

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Oil and Gas Cash Bonus Bid A Appendix A to Part 256 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF... submitted with bid *Or, if tract numbers are not used, Protraction Diagram or Leasing Map and block...

  16. 30 CFR 256.73 - Effect of suspensions on lease term.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 256.73 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING....73 Effect of suspensions on lease term. (a) A suspension may extend the term of a lease (see 30 CFR... suspension of operations or production refer to the section under the heading “Suspensions” in 30 CFR...

  17. 30 CFR 256.70 - Extension of lease by drilling or well reworking operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Extension of lease by drilling or well..., and Extensions § 256.70 Extension of lease by drilling or well reworking operations. The term of a lease shall be extended beyond the primary term so long as drilling or well reworking operations...

  18. 25 CFR 256.20 - How are these repairs or construction trades persons, home building contractors, or construction...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How are these repairs or construction trades persons, home building contractors, or construction companies selected and paid? 256.20 Section 256.20 Indians... these repairs or construction trades persons, home building contractors, or construction...

  19. 30 CFR 256.93 - How is the bonus or royalty credit allocated among multiple lease owners?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How is the bonus or royalty credit allocated among multiple lease owners? 256.93 Section 256.93 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT... the bonus or royalty credit for an exchanged lease to the current record title interest owners in...

  20. 40 CFR 61.256 - Exemption from the reporting and testing requirements of 40 CFR 61.10.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... testing requirements of 40 CFR 61.10. 61.256 Section 61.256 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... from the reporting and testing requirements of 40 CFR 61.10. All facilities designated under this subpart are exempt from the reporting requirements of 40 CFR 61.10....

  1. 40 CFR 61.256 - Exemption from the reporting and testing requirements of 40 CFR 61.10.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... testing requirements of 40 CFR 61.10. 61.256 Section 61.256 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... from the reporting and testing requirements of 40 CFR 61.10. All facilities designated under this subpart are exempt from the reporting requirements of 40 CFR 61.10....

  2. 40 CFR 61.256 - Exemption from the reporting and testing requirements of 40 CFR 61.10.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... testing requirements of 40 CFR 61.10. 61.256 Section 61.256 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... from the reporting and testing requirements of 40 CFR 61.10. All facilities designated under this subpart are exempt from the reporting requirements of 40 CFR 61.10....

  3. 40 CFR 61.256 - Exemption from the reporting and testing requirements of 40 CFR 61.10.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... testing requirements of 40 CFR 61.10. 61.256 Section 61.256 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... from the reporting and testing requirements of 40 CFR 61.10. All facilities designated under this subpart are exempt from the reporting requirements of 40 CFR 61.10....

  4. 20 CFR 25.6 - How does OWCP adjudicate claims of non-citizen residents of possessions?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...-citizen residents of possessions? 25.6 Section 25.6 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION... claims of non-citizen residents of possessions? An employee who is a bona fide permanent resident of any United States possession, territory, commonwealth or trust territory will receive the full benefits...

  5. 30 CFR 250.256 - What related facilities and operations information must accompany the DPP or DOCD?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What related facilities and operations information must accompany the DPP or DOCD? 250.256 Section 250.256 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS AND SULPHUR OPERATIONS IN THE OUTER...

  6. 40 CFR 61.256 - Exemption from the reporting and testing requirements of 40 CFR 61.10.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... testing requirements of 40 CFR 61.10. 61.256 Section 61.256 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... from the reporting and testing requirements of 40 CFR 61.10. All facilities designated under this subpart are exempt from the reporting requirements of 40 CFR 61.10....

  7. 25 CFR 1000.256 - Must the Secretary retain project funds to ensure proper health and safety standards in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... health and safety standards in construction projects? 1000.256 Section 1000.256 Indians OFFICE OF THE... construction projects? Yes, the Secretary must retain project funds to ensure proper health and safety standards in construction projects. Examples of purposes for which bureaus may retain funds include:...

  8. 25 CFR 1000.256 - Must the Secretary retain project funds to ensure proper health and safety standards in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... health and safety standards in construction projects? 1000.256 Section 1000.256 Indians OFFICE OF THE... construction projects? Yes, the Secretary must retain project funds to ensure proper health and safety standards in construction projects. Examples of purposes for which bureaus may retain funds include:...

  9. 25 CFR 1000.256 - Must the Secretary retain project funds to ensure proper health and safety standards in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... health and safety standards in construction projects? 1000.256 Section 1000.256 Indians OFFICE OF THE... construction projects? Yes, the Secretary must retain project funds to ensure proper health and safety standards in construction projects. Examples of purposes for which bureaus may retain funds include:...

  10. 25 CFR 1000.256 - Must the Secretary retain project funds to ensure proper health and safety standards in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... health and safety standards in construction projects? 1000.256 Section 1000.256 Indians OFFICE OF THE... construction projects? Yes, the Secretary must retain project funds to ensure proper health and safety standards in construction projects. Examples of purposes for which bureaus may retain funds include:...

  11. 25 CFR 1000.256 - Must the Secretary retain project funds to ensure proper health and safety standards in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... health and safety standards in construction projects? 1000.256 Section 1000.256 Indians OFFICE OF THE... construction projects? Yes, the Secretary must retain project funds to ensure proper health and safety standards in construction projects. Examples of purposes for which bureaus may retain funds include:...

  12. Fission barriers for /sup 255/Es, /sup 256/Es, and /sup 255/Fm

    SciTech Connect

    Britt, H.C.; Cheifetz, E.; Hoffman, D.C.; Wilhelmy, J.B.; Dupzyk, R.J.; Lougheed, R.W.

    1980-02-01

    Fission coincidence data are presented for (d,pf), (t,pf), and (/sup 3/He,df) reactions on a /sup 254/Es target. A possible resonance is observed in /sup 255/Es. Estimates for the height of the first peak of the fission barrier for /sup 255/Es, /sup 256/Es, and /sup 255/Fm are presented. The possibility of additional structure in the potential energy surface in the vicinity of the first peak of the fission barrier is discussed.

  13. A 1 GHz sample rate, 256-channel, 1-bit quantization, CMOS, digital correlator chip

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Timoc, C.; Tran, T.; Wongso, J.

    1992-01-01

    This paper describes the development of a digital correlator chip with the following features: 1 Giga-sample/second; 256 channels; 1-bit quantization; 32-bit counters providing up to 4 seconds integration time at 1 GHz; and very low power dissipation per channel. The improvements in the performance-to-cost ratio of the digital correlator chip are achieved with a combination of systolic architecture, novel pipelined differential logic circuits, and standard 1.0 micron CMOS process.

  14. CHARACTERIZING THE COOL KOIs. V. KOI-256: A MUTUALLY ECLIPSING POST-COMMON ENVELOPE BINARY

    SciTech Connect

    Muirhead, Philip S.; Shporer, Avi; Becker, Juliette; Swift, Jonathan J.; Hinkley, Sasha; Pineda, J. Sebastian; Bottom, Michael; Baranec, Christoph; Riddle, Reed; Tendulkar, Shriharsh P.; Bui, Khanh; Vanderburg, Andrew; Lloyd, James P.; Fuller, Jim; Zhao, Ming; Howard, Andrew W.; Von Braun, Kaspar; Boyajian, Tabetha S.; Law, Nicholas; Ramaprakash, A. N.; and others

    2013-04-20

    We report that Kepler Object of Interest 256 (KOI-256) is a mutually eclipsing post-common envelope binary (ePCEB), consisting of a cool white dwarf (M{sub *} = 0.592 {+-} 0.089 M{sub Sun }, R{sub *} = 0.01345 {+-} 0.00091 R{sub Sun }, T{sub eff} = 7100 {+-} 700 K) and an active M3 dwarf (M{sub *} = 0.51 {+-} 0.16 M{sub Sun }, R{sub *} = 0.540 {+-} 0.014 R{sub Sun }, T{sub eff} = 3450 {+-} 50 K) with an orbital period of 1.37865 {+-} 0.00001 days. KOI-256 is listed as hosting a transiting planet-candidate by Borucki et al. and Batalha et al.; here we report that the planet-candidate transit signal is in fact the occultation of a white dwarf as it passes behind the M dwarf. We combine publicly-available long- and short-cadence Kepler light curves with ground-based measurements to robustly determine the system parameters. The occultation events are readily apparent in the Kepler light curve, as is spin-orbit synchronization of the M dwarf, and we detect the transit of the white dwarf in front of the M dwarf halfway between the occultation events. The size of the white dwarf with respect to the Einstein ring during transit (R{sub Ein} = 0.00473 {+-} 0.00055 R{sub Sun }) causes the transit depth to be shallower than expected from pure geometry due to gravitational lensing. KOI-256 is an old, long-period ePCEB and serves as a benchmark object for studying the evolution of binary star systems as well as white dwarfs themselves, thanks largely to the availability of near-continuous, ultra-precise Kepler photometry.

  15. Nocturnal depletion of hypothalamic dynorphin in anorexic Walker-256 tumor-bearing rats.

    PubMed

    Steele, T D; Bryant, H U; Malven, P V; Yim, G K

    1988-03-01

    Rats implanted with the Walker-256 (W-256) tumor exhibit marked anorexia that is most apparent at night. In this model, the hypothalamic kappa opioid system was examined for deficits that might contribute to this tumor-induced anorexia. In anorexic tumor-bearing rats (TBR), nocturnal levels of ir-DYN-8 were significantly reduced in the hypothalamus, but ir-DYN-17 levels were not. Accumulation of 3H-etorphine or 3H-ethylketocyclazocine, a putative ligand for the kappa receptor subtype, was not increased in the hypothalamus of the TBR, as might have been expected if there were less endogenous dynorphin to occupy the opioid receptors in this region. In vitro binding assays with 3H-ethylketocyclazocine indicated that dynorphin depletion in the TBR was not sufficient to increase the numbers of kappa opioid receptors in the hypothalamus. Also, the sensitivity of kappa opioid receptors involved in feeding was not altered in the TBR as indicated by an intact feeding response to ketocyclazocine. In summary, the marginal deficits of hypothalamic dynorphin in W-256 tumor-bearing rats that coincide with the phase of tumor-induced anorexia may contribute to the reduction in food intake.

  16. Effect of immunisation with cancer procoagulant on the growth of Walker 256 carcinosarcoma cells in rats.

    PubMed

    Kamocka, M; Kaplinska, K; Mielicki, W P

    2006-10-01

    The effect of preimmunisation with cancer procoagulant (CP) on the growth of Walker 256 carcinosarcoma cells in Wistar Lew/Han/IMP rats in vivo has been analysed. One group of rats was immunised with CP purified from human amnion-chorion membranes. The rest of the animals (control groups) were injected with 0.9% NaCl in Freund's adjuvant or were not immunised at all. When the presence of polyclonal anti-CP antibody was detected in CP-immunised rats' serum, all (CP-immunised and control) animals were injected i.p. with 4.8 x 10(5) Walker 256 cells per rat. After 5 days ascitic fluid was collected and viable cells were counted. The complete lack of viable Walker 256 carcinosarcoma cells in 24% of the CP-immunised rats was observed. However, the viable neoplastic cells were present in all control (NaCl-injected and nonimmunised) animals. It seems possible that CP plays an important role in tumour progression, so immunisation with CP can reduce the risk of development of malignant disease.

  17. 40 CFR 256.26 - Requirement for schedules leading to compliance with the prohibition of open dumping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid Waste Disposal Programs § 256.26 Requirement for schedules leading...

  18. 47 CFR 25.256 - Special Requirements for operations in the 3.65-3.7 GHz band.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Technical Standards § 25.256 Special Requirements for... station, licensees of earth stations operating on a primary basis in the fixed satellite service in the...

  19. 40 CFR 256.26 - Requirement for schedules leading to compliance with the prohibition of open dumping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid Waste Disposal Programs § 256.26 Requirement for schedules leading...

  20. 40 CFR 256.26 - Requirement for schedules leading to compliance with the prohibition of open dumping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid Waste Disposal Programs § 256.26 Requirement for schedules leading...

  1. 40 CFR 256.26 - Requirement for schedules leading to compliance with the prohibition of open dumping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid Waste Disposal Programs § 256.26 Requirement for schedules leading...

  2. 40 CFR 256.26 - Requirement for schedules leading to compliance with the prohibition of open dumping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STATE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PLANS Solid Waste Disposal Programs § 256.26 Requirement for schedules leading...

  3. Comparative in vitro activities of L-695,256, a novel carbapenem, against gram-positive bacteria.

    PubMed Central

    Malanoski, G; Collins, L; Eliopoulos, C T; Moellering, R C; Eliopoulos, G M

    1995-01-01

    The in vitro activity of a prototype 2-aryl carbapenem, L-695,256, against gram-positive bacteria was examined. All streptococci and oxacillin-susceptible and -resistant staphylococci were inhibited at concentrations of < or = 0.125, < or = 0.125, and 4 micrograms/ml, respectively. The activity of L-695,256 was superior to that of imipenem against other organisms intrinsically resistant to beta-lactams. PMID:7786011

  4. Chemistry of the heaviest actinides: fermium, mendelevium, nobelium, and lawrencium

    SciTech Connect

    Hulet, E.K.

    1980-01-01

    Conclusions regarding these shifts toward greater stabilization of 5f orbitals with increasing atomic number are mainly supported by the appearance of the divalent oxidation state well before the end of the actinide series and the predominance of the divalent state in the next to last element in the series. These conclusions and the underlying experimental evidence are the main subject of this review.

  5. Lamellipodia and Membrane Blebs Drive Efficient Electrotactic Migration of Rat Walker Carcinosarcoma Cells WC 256

    PubMed Central

    Sroka, Jolanta; Krecioch, Izabela; Zimolag, Eliza; Lasota, Slawomir; Rak, Monika; Kedracka-Krok, Sylwia; Borowicz, Pawel; Gajek, Marta; Madeja, Zbigniew

    2016-01-01

    The endogenous electric field (EF) may provide an important signal for directional cell migration during wound healing, embryonic development and cancer metastasis but the mechanism of cell electrotaxis is poorly understood. Additionally, there is no research addressing the question on the difference in electrotactic motility of cells representing various strategies of cell movement—specifically blebbing vs. lamellipodial migration. In the current study we constructed a unique experimental model which allowed for the investigation of electrotactic movement of cells of the same origin but representing different modes of cell migration: weakly adherent, spontaneously blebbing (BC) and lamellipodia forming (LC) WC256 cells. We report that both BC and LC sublines show robust cathodal migration in a physiological EF (1–3 V/cm). The directionality of cell movement was completely reversible upon reversing the field polarity. However, the full reversal of cell direction after the change of EF polarity was much faster in the case of BC (10 minutes) than LC cells (30 minutes). We also investigated the distinct requirements for Rac, Cdc42 and Rho pathways and intracellular Ca2+ in electrotaxis of WC256 sublines forming different types of cell protrusions. It was found that Rac1 is required for directional movement of LC to a much greater extent than for BC, but Cdc42 and RhoA are more crucial for BC than for LC cells. The inhibition of ROCK did not affect electrotaxis of LC in contrast to BC cells. The results also showed that intracellular Ca2+ is essential only for the electrotactic reaction of BC cells. Moreover, inhibition of MLCK and myosin II did not affect the electrotaxis of LC in contrast to BC cells. In conclusion, our results revealed that both lamellipodia and membrane blebs can efficiently drive electrotactic migration of WC 256 carcinosarcoma cells, however directional migration is mediated by different signalling pathways. PMID:26863616

  6. Magnitude and effects of x-ray scatter in a 256-slice CT scanner

    SciTech Connect

    Endo, Masahiro; Mori, Shinichiro; Tsunoo, Takanori; Miyazaki, Hiroaki

    2006-09-15

    We developed a prototype 256-slice CT scanner that employs continuous rotation of a cone-beam with a larger cone angle than conventional multidetector CTs (MDCT) to ensure a wide field of view. However, a larger cone angle may result in image deterioration due to increased x-ray scatter. Scattered radiation causes the detected signals to deviate from the true measurement of primary x-ray intensity and may result in artifacts (e.g., cupping and streak artifacts), quantitative inaccuracy in reconstructed CT number, and degradation of contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR). To reduce the effects of scatter, the 256-slice scanner incorporates an antiscatter collimator. Here, we estimated the magnitude of x-ray scatter in the prototype 256-slice CT scanner under clinical scan conditions and quantified the effects of this scatter on CT number accuracy, image noise, uniformity, and low contrast detectability. Although most experiments were performed with the antiscatter collimator, we also estimated the magnitude of x-ray scatter without the collimator to evaluate the scatter rejection efficiency of the collimator. The scatter-to-primary energy fluence ratio (SPR) without the collimator increased as cone angle increased, with estimated values of 49.7% for a 138 mm beam width with a phantom of 200 mm diameter, and 78.5% for a 320 mm diameter phantom. Estimated SPR was drastically decreased with the collimator, with an SPR reduction rate (ratio of SPR with and without the collimator) of 12.7% and 16.8% for the 200 and 320 mm diameter phantoms, respectively. The reduction in x-ray scatter by the collimator resulted in a considerable reduction in scatter effects. The measured uniformity was good and was independent of scatter amount. Although scatter still affected CT number accuracy, this could be corrected by rescaling. Further, although the CNR was decreased, in theory at least, the change was so subtle that it had no substantial effect on low-contrast detectability.

  7. Inactivations of rsbU and sarA by IS256 represent novel mechanisms of biofilm phenotypic variation in Staphylococcus epidermidis.

    PubMed

    Conlon, Kevin M; Humphreys, Hilary; O'Gara, James P

    2004-09-01

    Expression of ica operon-mediated biofilm formation in Staphylococcus epidermidis RP62A is subject to phase variable regulation. Reversible transposition of IS256 into icaADBC or downregulation of icaADBC expression are two important mechanisms of biofilm phenotypic variation. Interestingly, the presence of IS256 was generally associated with a more rapid rate of phenotypic variation, suggesting that IS256 insertions outside the ica locus may affect ica transcription. Consistent with this, we identified variants with diminished ica expression, which were associated with IS256 insertions in the sigmaB activator rsbU or sarA. Biofilm development and ica expression were activated only by ethanol and not NaCl in rsbU::IS256 insertion variants, which were present in approximately 11% of all variants. sigmaB activity was impaired in rsbU::IS256 variants, as evidenced by reduced expression of the sigmaB-regulated genes asp23, csb9, and rsbV. Moreover, expression of sarA, which is sigmaB regulated, and SarA-regulated RNAIII were also suppressed. A biofilm-forming phenotype was restored to rsbU::IS256 variants only after repeated passage and was not associated with IS256 excision from rsbU. Only one sarA::IS256 insertion mutant was identified among 43 biofilm-negative variants. Both NaCl and ethanol-activated ica expression in this sarA::IS256 variant, but only ethanol increased biofilm development. Unlike rsbU::IS256 variants, reversion of the sarA::IS256 variant to a biofilm-positive phenotype was accompanied by precise excision of IS256 from sarA and restoration of normal ica expression. These data identify new roles for IS256 in ica and biofilm phenotypic variation and demonstrate the capacity of this element to influence the global regulation of transcription in S. epidermidis.

  8. Inactivations of rsbU and sarA by IS256 represent novel mechanisms of biofilm phenotypic variation in Staphylococcus epidermidis.

    PubMed

    Conlon, Kevin M; Humphreys, Hilary; O'Gara, James P

    2004-09-01

    Expression of ica operon-mediated biofilm formation in Staphylococcus epidermidis RP62A is subject to phase variable regulation. Reversible transposition of IS256 into icaADBC or downregulation of icaADBC expression are two important mechanisms of biofilm phenotypic variation. Interestingly, the presence of IS256 was generally associated with a more rapid rate of phenotypic variation, suggesting that IS256 insertions outside the ica locus may affect ica transcription. Consistent with this, we identified variants with diminished ica expression, which were associated with IS256 insertions in the sigmaB activator rsbU or sarA. Biofilm development and ica expression were activated only by ethanol and not NaCl in rsbU::IS256 insertion variants, which were present in approximately 11% of all variants. sigmaB activity was impaired in rsbU::IS256 variants, as evidenced by reduced expression of the sigmaB-regulated genes asp23, csb9, and rsbV. Moreover, expression of sarA, which is sigmaB regulated, and SarA-regulated RNAIII were also suppressed. A biofilm-forming phenotype was restored to rsbU::IS256 variants only after repeated passage and was not associated with IS256 excision from rsbU. Only one sarA::IS256 insertion mutant was identified among 43 biofilm-negative variants. Both NaCl and ethanol-activated ica expression in this sarA::IS256 variant, but only ethanol increased biofilm development. Unlike rsbU::IS256 variants, reversion of the sarA::IS256 variant to a biofilm-positive phenotype was accompanied by precise excision of IS256 from sarA and restoration of normal ica expression. These data identify new roles for IS256 in ica and biofilm phenotypic variation and demonstrate the capacity of this element to influence the global regulation of transcription in S. epidermidis. PMID:15342591

  9. Brain catecholamine alterations accompanying development of anorexia in rats bearing the Walker 256 carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Nichols, M B; Maickel, R P; Yim, G K

    1985-06-10

    In the present study, the relationship between central catecholamine levels and the anorexia induced by Walker 256 carcinoma was investigated. Results indicate that the anorexia is not due to depletion of central catecholamines. Tumor bearing rats sacrificed at night, when spontaneous food intake is selectively depressed, showed increased norepinephrine levels in the hypothalamus, cortex and hippocampus and increased dopamine levels in the striatum, midbrain, and cortex. Increased nighttime hypothalamic norepinephrine levels were positively correlated with the magnitude of spontaneous food intake in tumor rats.

  10. Walker 256 Tumor Growth Suppression by Crotoxin Involves Formyl Peptide Receptors and Lipoxin A4

    PubMed Central

    Brigatte, Patrícia; Faiad, Odair Jorge; Ferreira Nocelli, Roberta Cornélio; Landgraf, Richardt G.; Palma, Mario Sergio; Cury, Yara; Curi, Rui; Sampaio, Sandra Coccuzzo

    2016-01-01

    We investigated the effects of Crotoxin (CTX), the main toxin of South American rattlesnake (Crotalus durissus terrificus) venom, on Walker 256 tumor growth, the pain symptoms associated (hyperalgesia and allodynia), and participation of endogenous lipoxin A4. Treatment with CTX (s.c.), daily, for 5 days reduced tumor growth at the 5th day after injection of Walker 256 carcinoma cells into the plantar surface of adult rat hind paw. This observation was associated with inhibition of new blood vessel formation and decrease in blood vessel diameter. The treatment with CTX raised plasma concentrations of lipoxin A4 and its natural analogue 15-epi-LXA4, an effect mediated by formyl peptide receptors (FPRs). In fact, the treatment with Boc-2, an inhibitor of FPRs, abolished the increase in plasma levels of these mediators triggered by CTX. The blockage of these receptors also abolished the inhibitory action of CTX on tumor growth and blood vessel formation and the decrease in blood vessel diameter. Together, the results herein presented demonstrate that CTX increases plasma concentrations of lipoxin A4 and 15-epi-LXA4, which might inhibit both tumor growth and formation of new vessels via FPRs. PMID:27190493

  11. Search for a 2-quasiparticle high-K isomer in {sup 256}Rf

    SciTech Connect

    Robinson, A. P.; Jenkins, D. G.; Marley, P.; Khoo, T. L.; Seweryniak, D.; Ahmad, I.; Back, B. B.; Carpenter, M. P.; Davids, C. N.; Greene, J.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Kondev, F. G.; Lauritsen, T.; Lister, C. J.; McCutchan, E.; Peterson, D.; Stefanescu, I.; Zhu, S.; Asai, M.; Chowdhury, P.

    2011-06-15

    The energies of 2-quasiparticle (2-qp) states in heavy shell-stabilized nuclei provide information on the single-particle states that are responsible for the stability of superheavy nuclei. We have calculated the energies of 2-qp states in {sup 256}Rf, which suggest that a long-lived, low-energy 8{sup -} isomer should exist. A search was conducted for this isomer through a calorimetric conversion electron signal, sandwiched in time between implantation of a {sup 256}Rf nucleus and its fission decay, all within the same pixel of a double-sided Si strip detector. A 17(5)-{mu}s isomer was identified. However, its low population, {approx}5(2)% that of the ground state instead of the expected {approx}30%, suggests that it is more likely a 4-qp isomer. Possible reasons for the absence of an electromagnetic signature of a 2-qp isomer decay are discussed. These include the favored possibility that the isomer decays by fission, with a half-life indistinguishably close to that of the ground state. Another possibility, that there is no 2-qp isomer at all, would imply an abrupt termination of axially symmetric deformed shapes at Z=104, which describes nuclei with Z=92-103 very well.

  12. Search for a 2-quasiparticle high-K isomer in {sup 256}Rf.

    SciTech Connect

    Robinson, A. P.; Khoo, T. L.; Seweryniak, D.; Ahmad, I.; Asai, M.; Back, B. B.; Carpenter, M. P.; Davids, C. N.; Greene, J.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Kondev, F. G.; Lauritsen, T.; Lister, C. J.; McCutchan, E.; Peterson, D.; Zhu, S.

    2011-06-13

    The energies of 2-quasiparticle (2-qp) states in heavy shell-stabilized nuclei provide information on the single-particle states that are responsible for the stability of superheavy nuclei. We have calculated the energies of 2-qp states in {sup 256}Rf, which suggest that a long-lived, low-energy 8{sup -} isomer should exist. A search was conducted for this isomer through a calorimetric conversion electron signal, sandwiched in time between implantation of a {sup 256}Rf nucleus and its fission decay, all within the same pixel of a double-sided Si strip detector. A 17(5)-{micro}s isomer was identified. However, its low population, {approx}5(2)% that of the ground state instead of the expected {approx}30%, suggests that it is more likely a 4-qp isomer. Possible reasons for the absence of an electromagnetic signature of a 2-qp isomer decay are discussed. These include the favored possibility that the isomer decays by fission, with a half-life indistinguishably close to that of the ground state. Another possibility, that there is no 2-qp isomer at all, would imply an abrupt termination of axially symmetric deformed shapes at Z = 104, which describes nuclei with Z = 92-103 very well.

  13. Typing of Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis strains by PCR analysis of inter-IS256 spacer length polymorphisms.

    PubMed Central

    Deplano, A; Vaneechoutte, M; Verschraegen, G; Struelens, M J

    1997-01-01

    IS256 elements are present in multiple copies in the staphylococcal genome, either flanking the transposon Tn4001 or independent of it. PCR-based analysis of inter-IS256 spacer polymorphisms was developed for typing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Staphylococcus epidermidis strains. Using SmaI macrorestriction analysis resolved by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) as the reference method for MRSA typing, excellent reproducibility (100%), discriminatory power (97%), and in vivo stability were observed. Good concordance of the results with those of other molecular typing methods was found for two MRSA collections. Inter-IS256 PCR analysis of a U.S. collection of MRSA strains (n = 36), previously characterized by 15 typing methods, showed more limited discrimination. Agreement was 78% with PFGE analysis and 83% with ribotyping (HindIII). Analysis of a second set of Belgian MRSA strains (n = 17), categorized into two widespread epidemic clones by PFGE analysis, showed 65% agreement. For typing of S. epidermidis strains (n = 26), inter-IS256 PCR showed complete typeability (100%) and good discriminatory power (85%). Inter-IS256 PCR analysis is proposed as an efficient molecular typing assay for epidemiological studies of MRSA or S. epidermidis isolates. PMID:9316911

  14. Treatment of rat Walker-256 carcinosarcoma with photodynamic therapy and endotoxin irradiated with high-energy electrons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dima, Vasile F.; Vasiliu, Virgil V.; Laky, Dezideriu; Ionescu, Mircea D.; Dima, Stefan V.

    1994-03-01

    Experiments were performed on five batches of Wistar inbred rats with Walker-256 carcinosarcoma receiving sole treatment photodynamic therapy (PDT), irradiated endotoxin (R-LPS), native-endotoxin (N-LPS), or associated therapy (PDT + R-LPS) and the control batch (saline) consisted of animals with untreated Walker-256 tumors. The results were as follows: the sole treatment (PDT, R-LPS, N-LPS) gave survival rates between 56.3 and 60.7% and cure rates ranging from 32.1 to 37.5%. The `combined' therapy in multiple doses increased significantly (88.6%) the survival rate of tumor bearing rats as well as the highest incidence of complete tumor regression (71.4%). This work demonstrates that `combined' photodynamic and immunotherapy with irradiated endotoxin stimulates cell-mediated antitumoral activity and induces changes in the tumoral incidence in Walker-256 carcinosarcoma in the rat model.

  15. Increased central serotonergic activity associated with nocturnal anorexia induced by Walker 256 carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Nichols, M; Maickel, R P; Yim, G K

    1983-04-18

    The role of brain serotonin levels in Walker 256 tumor induced anorexia was investigated. Total and free plasma tryptophan, regional brain serotonin and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid were determined at night, and their relationship to nocturnal anorexia assessed by linear regression analysis. No significant difference in tryptophan, serotonin, or 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid levels was detected between pair fed and tumor bearing rats exhibiting a 20% reduction of nighttime food intake. Tumor bearing rats with a 40% reduction in food intake had higher nighttime plasma free tryptophan and regional 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid levels than their pair fed malnourished controls. These results indicate that increased plasma free tryptophan and elevated serotonin metabolism may not be the initial dysfunction responsible for nocturnal anorexia. However, it may contribute to the decreasing nocturnal food intake in severely anorexic tumor rats.

  16. A 256 pixel magnetoresistive biosensor microarray in 0.18μm CMOS.

    PubMed

    Hall, Drew A; Gaster, Richard S; Makinwa, Kofi; Wang, Shan X; Murmann, Boris

    2013-05-01

    Magnetic nanotechnologies have shown significant potential in several areas of nanomedicine such as imaging, therapeutics, and early disease detection. Giant magnetoresistive spin-valve (GMR SV) sensors coupled with magnetic nanotags (MNTs) possess great promise as ultra-sensitive biosensors for diagnostics. We report an integrated sensor interface for an array of 256 GMR SV biosensors designed in 0.18 μm CMOS. Arranged like an imager, each of the 16 column level readout channels contains an analog front- end and a compact ΣΔ modulator (0.054 mm(2)) with 84 dB of dynamic range and an input referred noise of 49 nT/√Hz. Performance is demonstrated through detection of an ovarian cancer biomarker, secretory leukocyte peptidase inhibitor (SLPI), spiked at concentrations as low as 10 fM. This system is designed as a replacement for optical protein microarrays while also providing real-time kinetics monitoring.

  17. A 256 pixel magnetoresistive biosensor microarray in 0.18μm CMOS

    PubMed Central

    Hall, Drew A.; Gaster, Richard S.; Makinwa, Kofi; Wang, Shan X.; Murmann, Boris

    2014-01-01

    Magnetic nanotechnologies have shown significant potential in several areas of nanomedicine such as imaging, therapeutics, and early disease detection. Giant magnetoresistive spin-valve (GMR SV) sensors coupled with magnetic nanotags (MNTs) possess great promise as ultra-sensitive biosensors for diagnostics. We report an integrated sensor interface for an array of 256 GMR SV biosensors designed in 0.18 μm CMOS. Arranged like an imager, each of the 16 column level readout channels contains an analog front- end and a compact ΣΔ modulator (0.054 mm2) with 84 dB of dynamic range and an input referred noise of 49 nT/√Hz. Performance is demonstrated through detection of an ovarian cancer biomarker, secretory leukocyte peptidase inhibitor (SLPI), spiked at concentrations as low as 10 fM. This system is designed as a replacement for optical protein microarrays while also providing real-time kinetics monitoring. PMID:24761029

  18. A 256-TES Array for the Detection of CMB B-Mode Polarisation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perbost, C.; Marnieros, S.; Bélier, B.; Piat, M.; Prêle, D.; Voisin, F.; Decourcelle, T.

    2016-08-01

    As part of the Q&U Bolometric Interferometer for Cosmology instrument targeting the cosmic microwave background primordial B-modes, two kilo-pixel focal planes have been designed for a NEP of ˜ 3 × 10^{-17} W√{Hz} adapted for ground-based observations. Those pixels are transition edge sensors (TESs) made of voltage-biased NbSi thin films with a critical temperature T_c ˜ 400 mK and TiV absorbing grids. The TESs are coupled to a time-domain multiplexed electronics based on superconducting quantum interference devices and an additional SiGe cryogenic integrated circuit which provides a second multiplexing stage. In this paper, we briefly discuss the instrumental context of a quarter of focal plane (a 256-TES sub-array). Then, we present its typical manufacturing process and first test results at cryogenic temperature.

  19. Effect of alpha tocopherol acetate in Walker 256/B cells-induced oxidative damage in a rat model of breast cancer skeletal metastases.

    PubMed

    Badraoui, Riadh; Blouin, Stéphane; Moreau, Marie Françoise; Gallois, Yves; Rebai, Tarek; Sahnoun, Zouhaier; Baslé, Michel; Chappard, Daniel

    2009-12-10

    The pathophysiological changes and the oxidative-antioxidative status were evaluated in the bone microenvironment of rat inoculated with Walker 256/B mammary gland carcinoma cells, and used alpha-tocopherol acetate (ATA) as a countermeasure. Walker 256/B cells were injected into the right femora of aged male rats. Animals were randomized into three groups: 12 rats were injected with saline (control group); 14 rats were injected with Walker 256/B cells (5x10(4)) in the medullar cavity (W256 group); 14 rats were inoculated with Walker 256/B cells and treated with ATA (45mg/kg BW) (W256+ATA group). After 20 days, rats were euthanized and the femurs were radiographed. Micro architectural parameters were measured by microcomputed tomography and histology. Serum, bone and bone marrow were evaluated for oxidative damage. In parallel, cell cultures were done in the presence of ATA and ROS were measured by fluorescence; apoptotic cells were determined in parallel. W256 groups had osteolytic damages with marked resorption of cortical and trabecular bone. W256+ATA animals presented marked osteosclerotic areas associated with tumor necrosis areas inside the bone cavity. Levels of lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation were found to increase in W256 rats; a significant reduction in SOD and GSH-p activities was also observed. W256+ATA group had significantly reduced oxidative damage, but not reversed back to the control levels. The present study shows that Walker 256/B cells induce skeletal metastases associated with oxidative damage in the bone microenvironment. ATA reduced the oxidative stress damage, enhanced osteosclerosis and tumor cell apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo.

  20. [Value of liver perfusion imaging of 256-slice CT 
in evaluation of the cirrhosis].

    PubMed

    Zhan, Yuefu; Wu, Yehua; Chen, Jianqiang; Liu, Fan; Han, Xiangjun

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨256-CT灌注成像评价代偿期和失代偿期肝硬化的价值。方法:分析2012年12月至2014年6月经肝穿刺活检和影像学、血液学、生物化学检查筛选出的20例肝硬化患者,根据肝穿刺结果和Child-Pugh评分将患者分为肝硬化代偿期组(n=8)和肝硬化失代偿期组(n=12),并选择同期无肝脾疾病者作为对照组(n=11),利用256-CT进行肝灌注(256-CT liver perfusion,256-CTP)。采用256-CTP模式计算灌注参数,包括肝动脉灌注(hepatic arterial perfusion,HAP)、门静脉灌注(portal venous perfusion,PVP)、总肝灌注(total liver perfusion,TLP)、肝动脉灌注指数(hepatic perfusion index,HPI);采用大体灌注模式计算灌注参数,包括肝灌注(liver perfusion,LP)、增强峰值(peak enhanced,PE)、达峰时间(time to peak,TTP)、血容积(blood volume,BV)。采用非参数Spearman检验分析肝硬化分期与各灌注参数值之间的相关性;采用ROC曲线评价各灌注指标预测肝硬化程度的能力,选择约登指数最大作为截断点,计算曲线下面积(area under curve,AUC)、敏感度及特异度。结果:对照组、肝硬化代偿期组、肝硬化失代偿期组PVP分别为(76.63±37.26),(38.78±16.13)和(36.14±15.31) mL/(100 mL·min);TLP分别为(98.48±43.58),(55.63±14.47)和(54.41±
20.81) mL/(100 mL·min);PE分别为(55.62±18.25),(44.11±5.79)和(41.08±7.74) HU,均表现为逐渐下降趋势,各组间差异均有统计学意义(均P<0.05);HPI分别为(19.50±6.08)%,(31.81±16.48)%和(34.47±16.04)%;TTP分别为(37.32±8.59),(47.06±14.61)和(59.86±20.87) s,表现为逐渐上升趋势,各组间差异均有统计学意义(均P<0.05)。HAP,LP和BV各组间比较差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05)。PVP,TLP,PE和LP与肝硬化分期呈负相关(分别r=−0.592,−0.567,−0.409和−0.569,均P<0.05);HPI,TTP与肝硬化分期呈正相关(分别r=0.434和0

  1. 25 CFR 256.25 - Is my Federal government-assisted dwelling eligible for services under the Housing Improvement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Is my Federal government-assisted dwelling eligible for..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOUSING HOUSING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM § 256.25 Is my Federal government-assisted... the Housing Improvement Program if your home was purchased through a Federal government sponsored...

  2. 25 CFR 256.25 - Is my Federal government-assisted dwelling eligible for services under the Housing Improvement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Is my Federal government-assisted dwelling eligible for..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOUSING HOUSING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM § 256.25 Is my Federal government-assisted... the Housing Improvement Program if your home was purchased through a Federal government sponsored...

  3. 25 CFR 256.25 - Is my Federal government-assisted dwelling eligible for services under the Housing Improvement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Is my Federal government-assisted dwelling eligible for..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOUSING HOUSING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM § 256.25 Is my Federal government-assisted... the Housing Improvement Program if your home was purchased through a Federal government sponsored...

  4. 25 CFR 256.25 - Is my Federal government-assisted dwelling eligible for services under the Housing Improvement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Is my Federal government-assisted dwelling eligible for..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOUSING HOUSING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM § 256.25 Is my Federal government-assisted... the Housing Improvement Program if your home was purchased through a Federal government sponsored...

  5. 25 CFR 256.25 - Is my Federal government-assisted dwelling eligible for services under the Housing Improvement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Is my Federal government-assisted dwelling eligible for..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOUSING HOUSING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM § 256.25 Is my Federal government-assisted... the Housing Improvement Program if your home was purchased through a Federal government sponsored...

  6. 37 CFR 1.324 - Correction of inventorship in patent, pursuant to 35 U.S.C. 256.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... to 35 U.S.C. 256. (a) Whenever through error a person is named in an issued patent as the inventor, or through error an inventor is not named in an issued patent and such error arose without any..., issue a certificate naming only the actual inventor or inventors. A petition to correct inventorship...

  7. 25 CFR 256.14 - What are the steps that must be taken to process my application for the Housing Improvement Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... to process my application for the Housing Improvement Program? (a) The servicing housing office must... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What are the steps that must be taken to process my application for the Housing Improvement Program? 256.14 Section 256.14 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN...

  8. 25 CFR 256.14 - What are the steps that must be taken to process my application for the Housing Improvement Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... to process my application for the Housing Improvement Program? (a) The servicing housing office must... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true What are the steps that must be taken to process my application for the Housing Improvement Program? 256.14 Section 256.14 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN...

  9. 25 CFR 256.14 - What are the steps that must be taken to process my application for the Housing Improvement Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... to process my application for the Housing Improvement Program? (a) The servicing housing office must... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What are the steps that must be taken to process my application for the Housing Improvement Program? 256.14 Section 256.14 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN...

  10. Spectroscopic studies beyond N = 152 neutron gap : decay of {sup 255 ovr sub 101}Md and {sup 256 ovr sub 101}Md.

    SciTech Connect

    Ahmad, I.; Chasman, R. R.; Fields, P. R.

    2000-01-01

    The isotopes {sup 255}Md and {sup 256}Md were produced by the irradiation of {sup 253}Es with 35-45 MeV {alpha} particles by ({alpha},n) and ({alpha},2n) reactions and were removed from the target by a helium jet system. {alpha}, {gamma}, and {alpha}-{gamma} coincidence spectra were measured with Si and Ge(Li) detectors. From the EC decays of {sup 255}Md and {sup 256}Md, levels in {sup 255}Fm and {sup 256}Fm were deduced. Favored {alpha} decay of {sup 255}Md was found to populate the 7/2{sup -}[514] single-particle state in {sup 251}Es, thus establishing the 7/2{sup -}[514] as the {sup 255}Md ground state. Several {gamma} rays were observed in the {sub 256}Md {alpha}-{gamma} coincidence spectrum. {sup 256}Fm is the heaviest nucleus in which excited intrinsic states have been identified.

  11. Spectroscopic studies beyond the N=152 neutron gap: Decay of {sub 101}{sup 255}Md and {sub 101}{sup 256}Md

    SciTech Connect

    Ahmad, I.; Chasman, R. R.; Fields, P. R.

    2000-04-01

    The isotopes {sup 255}Md and {sup 256}Md were produced by the irradiation of {sup 253}Es with 35-45 MeV {alpha} particles by ({alpha},n) and ({alpha},2n) reactions and were removed from the target by a helium jet system. {alpha}, {gamma}, and {alpha}-{gamma} coincidence spectra were measured with Si and Ge(Li) detectors. From the EC decays of {sup 255}Md and {sup 256}Md, levels in {sup 255}Fm and {sup 256}Fm were deduced. Favored {alpha} decay of {sup 255}Md was found to populate the 7/2{sup -}[514] single-particle state in {sup 251}Es, thus establishing the 7/2{sup -}[514] as the {sup 255}Md ground state. Several {gamma} rays were observed in the {sup 256}Md {alpha}-{gamma} coincidence spectrum. {sup 256}Fm is the heaviest nucleus in which excited intrinsic states have been identified. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.

  12. Spatial mapping and statistical reproducibility of an array of 256 one-dimensional quantum wires

    SciTech Connect

    Al-Taie, H. Kelly, M. J.; Smith, L. W.; Lesage, A. A. J.; Griffiths, J. P.; Beere, H. E.; Jones, G. A. C.; Ritchie, D. A.; Smith, C. G.; See, P.

    2015-08-21

    We utilize a multiplexing architecture to measure the conductance properties of an array of 256 split gates. We investigate the reproducibility of the pinch off and one-dimensional definition voltage as a function of spatial location on two different cooldowns, and after illuminating the device. The reproducibility of both these properties on the two cooldowns is high, the result of the density of the two-dimensional electron gas returning to a similar state after thermal cycling. The spatial variation of the pinch-off voltage reduces after illumination; however, the variation of the one-dimensional definition voltage increases due to an anomalous feature in the center of the array. A technique which quantifies the homogeneity of split-gate properties across the array is developed which captures the experimentally observed trends. In addition, the one-dimensional definition voltage is used to probe the density of the wafer at each split gate in the array on a micron scale using a capacitive model.

  13. Spatial mapping and statistical reproducibility of an array of 256 one-dimensional quantum wires

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-Taie, H.; Smith, L. W.; Lesage, A. A. J.; See, P.; Griffiths, J. P.; Beere, H. E.; Jones, G. A. C.; Ritchie, D. A.; Kelly, M. J.; Smith, C. G.

    2015-08-01

    We utilize a multiplexing architecture to measure the conductance properties of an array of 256 split gates. We investigate the reproducibility of the pinch off and one-dimensional definition voltage as a function of spatial location on two different cooldowns, and after illuminating the device. The reproducibility of both these properties on the two cooldowns is high, the result of the density of the two-dimensional electron gas returning to a similar state after thermal cycling. The spatial variation of the pinch-off voltage reduces after illumination; however, the variation of the one-dimensional definition voltage increases due to an anomalous feature in the center of the array. A technique which quantifies the homogeneity of split-gate properties across the array is developed which captures the experimentally observed trends. In addition, the one-dimensional definition voltage is used to probe the density of the wafer at each split gate in the array on a micron scale using a capacitive model.

  14. A reconfigurable on-line learning spiking neuromorphic processor comprising 256 neurons and 128K synapses

    PubMed Central

    Qiao, Ning; Mostafa, Hesham; Corradi, Federico; Osswald, Marc; Stefanini, Fabio; Sumislawska, Dora; Indiveri, Giacomo

    2015-01-01

    Implementing compact, low-power artificial neural processing systems with real-time on-line learning abilities is still an open challenge. In this paper we present a full-custom mixed-signal VLSI device with neuromorphic learning circuits that emulate the biophysics of real spiking neurons and dynamic synapses for exploring the properties of computational neuroscience models and for building brain-inspired computing systems. The proposed architecture allows the on-chip configuration of a wide range of network connectivities, including recurrent and deep networks, with short-term and long-term plasticity. The device comprises 128 K analog synapse and 256 neuron circuits with biologically plausible dynamics and bi-stable spike-based plasticity mechanisms that endow it with on-line learning abilities. In addition to the analog circuits, the device comprises also asynchronous digital logic circuits for setting different synapse and neuron properties as well as different network configurations. This prototype device, fabricated using a 180 nm 1P6M CMOS process, occupies an area of 51.4 mm2, and consumes approximately 4 mW for typical experiments, for example involving attractor networks. Here we describe the details of the overall architecture and of the individual circuits and present experimental results that showcase its potential. By supporting a wide range of cortical-like computational modules comprising plasticity mechanisms, this device will enable the realization of intelligent autonomous systems with on-line learning capabilities. PMID:25972778

  15. The Walker 256 Breast Cancer Cell- Induced Bone Pain Model in Rats

    PubMed Central

    Shenoy, Priyank A.; Kuo, Andy; Vetter, Irina; Smith, Maree T.

    2016-01-01

    The majority of patients with terminal breast cancer show signs of bone metastasis, the most common cause of pain in cancer. Clinically available drug treatment options for the relief of cancer-associated bone pain are limited due to either inadequate pain relief and/or dose-limiting side-effects. One of the major hurdles in understanding the mechanism by which breast cancer causes pain after metastasis to the bones is the lack of suitable preclinical models. Until the late twentieth century, all animal models of cancer induced bone pain involved systemic injection of cancer cells into animals, which caused severe deterioration of animal health due to widespread metastasis. In this mini-review we have discussed details of a recently developed and highly efficient preclinical model of breast cancer induced bone pain: Walker 256 cancer cell- induced bone pain in rats. The model involves direct localized injection of cancer cells into a single tibia in rats, which avoids widespread metastasis of cancer cells and hence animals maintain good health throughout the experimental period. This model closely mimics the human pathophysiology of breast cancer induced bone pain and has great potential to aid in the process of drug discovery for treating this intractable pain condition. PMID:27630567

  16. The Walker 256 Breast Cancer Cell- Induced Bone Pain Model in Rats.

    PubMed

    Shenoy, Priyank A; Kuo, Andy; Vetter, Irina; Smith, Maree T

    2016-01-01

    The majority of patients with terminal breast cancer show signs of bone metastasis, the most common cause of pain in cancer. Clinically available drug treatment options for the relief of cancer-associated bone pain are limited due to either inadequate pain relief and/or dose-limiting side-effects. One of the major hurdles in understanding the mechanism by which breast cancer causes pain after metastasis to the bones is the lack of suitable preclinical models. Until the late twentieth century, all animal models of cancer induced bone pain involved systemic injection of cancer cells into animals, which caused severe deterioration of animal health due to widespread metastasis. In this mini-review we have discussed details of a recently developed and highly efficient preclinical model of breast cancer induced bone pain: Walker 256 cancer cell- induced bone pain in rats. The model involves direct localized injection of cancer cells into a single tibia in rats, which avoids widespread metastasis of cancer cells and hence animals maintain good health throughout the experimental period. This model closely mimics the human pathophysiology of breast cancer induced bone pain and has great potential to aid in the process of drug discovery for treating this intractable pain condition. PMID:27630567

  17. DISCOVERY OF HYDROGEN FLUORIDE IN THE CLOVERLEAF QUASAR AT z = 2.56

    SciTech Connect

    Monje, R. R.; Phillips, T. G.; Lis, D. C.; Emprechtinger, M.; Peng, R.; Neufeld, D. A.

    2011-12-15

    We report the first detection of hydrogen fluoride (HF) toward a high-redshift quasar. Using the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory, we detect the HF J = 1-0 transition in absorption toward the Cloverleaf, a broad absorption line quasi-stellar object at z = 2.56. The detection is statistically significant at the {approx}6{sigma} level. We estimate a lower limit of 4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} cm{sup -2} for the HF column density and using a previous estimate of the hydrogen column density, we obtain a lower limit of 1.7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -9} for the HF abundance. This value suggests that, assuming a Galactic N(HF)/N{sub H} ratio, HF accounts for at least {approx}10% of the fluorine in the gas phase along the line of sight to the Cloverleaf quasar. This observation corroborates the prediction that HF should be a good probe of the molecular gas at high redshift. Measurements of the HF abundance as a function of redshift are urgently needed to better constrain the fluorine nucleosynthesis mechanism(s).

  18. 320 x 256 Complementary Barrier Infrared Detector Focal Plane Array for Long-Wave Infrared Imaging

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nguyen, Jean; Rafol, Sir B.; Soibel, Alexander; Khoskhlagh, Arezou; Ting, David Z.-Y.; Liu, John K.; Mumolo, Jason M.; Gunapala, Sarath D.

    2012-01-01

    A 320 x 256 Complementary Barrier Infrared (CBIRD) focal plane array for long-wavelength infrared (LWIR) imaging is reported. The arrays were grown by molecular beam expitaxy (MBE) with a 300 period 1.9 um thick absorber. The mean dark current density of 2.2 x 10-4 A/cm2 was measured at an operating bias of 128 mV with a long wavelength cutoff of 8.8 ?m observed at 50% of the peak. The maximum quantum efficiency was 54% measured at 5.6 ?m. Operating at T = 80K, the array yielded an 81% fill factor with 97% operability. Good imagery with a mean noise equivalent different temperature (NE?T) of 18.6 mK and a mean detectivity of D* = 1.3 x 1011 cm-Hz1/2/W was achieved. The substrate was thinned using mechanical lapping and neither an AR coating nor a passivation layer was applied. This article provides the details of the fabrication process for achieving low-dark current LWIR CBIRD arrays. Discussion for an effective hard mask for excellent pattern transfer is given and appropriate mounting techniques for good thermal contact during the dry etching process is described. The challenges and differences between etching large 200 ?m test diodes and small 28 ?m FPA pixels are given.

  19. The Walker 256 Breast Cancer Cell- Induced Bone Pain Model in Rats

    PubMed Central

    Shenoy, Priyank A.; Kuo, Andy; Vetter, Irina; Smith, Maree T.

    2016-01-01

    The majority of patients with terminal breast cancer show signs of bone metastasis, the most common cause of pain in cancer. Clinically available drug treatment options for the relief of cancer-associated bone pain are limited due to either inadequate pain relief and/or dose-limiting side-effects. One of the major hurdles in understanding the mechanism by which breast cancer causes pain after metastasis to the bones is the lack of suitable preclinical models. Until the late twentieth century, all animal models of cancer induced bone pain involved systemic injection of cancer cells into animals, which caused severe deterioration of animal health due to widespread metastasis. In this mini-review we have discussed details of a recently developed and highly efficient preclinical model of breast cancer induced bone pain: Walker 256 cancer cell- induced bone pain in rats. The model involves direct localized injection of cancer cells into a single tibia in rats, which avoids widespread metastasis of cancer cells and hence animals maintain good health throughout the experimental period. This model closely mimics the human pathophysiology of breast cancer induced bone pain and has great potential to aid in the process of drug discovery for treating this intractable pain condition.

  20. Elevated neutrophil elastase and acrolein-protein adducts are associated with W256 regression.

    PubMed

    Jaganjac, M; Poljak-Blazi, M; Schaur, R J; Zarkovic, K; Borovic, S; Cipak, A; Cindric, M; Uchida, K; Waeg, G; Zarkovic, N

    2012-11-01

    The involvement of granulocytes in immune response against cancer is not well understood. Depending on the cytokine milieu in which they act and on their oxidative burst, granulocytes may play either an inhibitory or stimulatory role in tumour growth. Unsaturated fatty acids, essential components of cellular membranes and storage lipids, are susceptible to granulocyte-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS can induce lipid peroxidation (LPO) resulting in the destruction of biomembranes. Thus, murine W256 tumour progressing and tumour regressing animal models were used to study the involvement of plasma inflammatory mediators and oxidative burst of circulating granulocytes in malignant destruction and detrimental tumour growth. The involvement of LPO-derived aldehydes (i.e. acrolein, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal and malondialdehyde) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) appearance in the granulocyte anti-cancer response were further evaluated. The results obtained revealed a significant increase in neutrophil elastase in animals with regressing tumour. Furthermore, the presence of MPO in tumour microenvironment was accompanied by the formation of acrolein only 5 h after tumour transplantation and its presence increased during tumour regression. Later, at an early stage of tumour regression, the presence of other LPO-derived aldehydes were also observed. The results obtained suggest that elevated neutrophil elastase and initiation of LPO may play an important role in the tumour development leading to tumour regression.

  1. Elevated neutrophil elastase and acrolein-protein adducts are associated with W256 regression

    PubMed Central

    Jaganjac, M; Poljak-Blazi, M; Schaur, R J; Zarkovic, K; Borovic, S; Cipak, A; Cindric, M; Uchida, K; Waeg, G; Zarkovic, N

    2012-01-01

    The involvement of granulocytes in immune response against cancer is not well understood. Depending on the cytokine milieu in which they act and on their oxidative burst, granulocytes may play either an inhibitory or stimulatory role in tumour growth. Unsaturated fatty acids, essential components of cellular membranes and storage lipids, are susceptible to granulocyte-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS can induce lipid peroxidation (LPO) resulting in the destruction of biomembranes. Thus, murine W256 tumour progressing and tumour regressing animal models were used to study the involvement of plasma inflammatory mediators and oxidative burst of circulating granulocytes in malignant destruction and detrimental tumour growth. The involvement of LPO-derived aldehydes (i.e. acrolein, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal and malondialdehyde) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) appearance in the granulocyte anti-cancer response were further evaluated. The results obtained revealed a significant increase in neutrophil elastase in animals with regressing tumour. Furthermore, the presence of MPO in tumour microenvironment was accompanied by the formation of acrolein only 5 h after tumour transplantation and its presence increased during tumour regression. Later, at an early stage of tumour regression, the presence of other LPO-derived aldehydes were also observed. The results obtained suggest that elevated neutrophil elastase and initiation of LPO may play an important role in the tumour development leading to tumour regression. PMID:23039888

  2. Optoelectronic implementation of a 256-channel sonar adaptive-array processor.

    PubMed

    Silveira, Paulo E X; Pati, Gour S; Wagner, Kelvin H

    2004-12-10

    We present an optoelectronic implementation of an adaptive-array processor that is capable of performing beam forming and jammer nulling in signals of wide fractional bandwidth that are detected by an array of arbitrary topology. The optical system makes use of a two-dimensional scrolling spatial light modulator to represent an array of input signals in 256 tapped delay lines, two acousto-optic modulators for modulating the feedback error signal, and a photorefractive crystal for representing the adaptive weights as holographic gratings. Gradient-descent learning is used to dynamically adapt the holographic weights to optimally form multiple beams and to null out multiple interference sources, either in the near field or in the far field. Space-integration followed by differential heterodyne detection is used for generating the system's output. The processor is analyzed to show the effects of exponential weight decay on the optimum solution and on the convergence conditions. Several experimental results are presented that validate the system's capacity for broadband beam forming and jammer nulling for linear and circular arrays.

  3. Unrepeatered 256 Gb/s PM-16QAM transmission over up to 304 km with simple system configurations.

    PubMed

    Downie, John D; Hurley, Jason; Roudas, Ioannis; Pikula, Dragan; Garza-Alanis, Jorge A

    2014-05-01

    We study unrepeatered transmission of 40x256 Gb/s systems with polarization-multiplexed 16-quadrature amplitude modulation (PM-16QAM) channels using simple coherent optical system configurations. Three systems are investigated with either a homogeneous fiber span, or simple two-segment hybrid fiber designs. Each system relies primarily on ultra-low loss, very large effective area fiber, while making use of only first-order backward pumped Raman amplification and no remote optically pumped amplifier (ROPA). For the longest span studied, we demonstrate unrepeatered 256 Gb/s transmission over 304 km with the additional aid of nonlinear compensation using digital backpropagation. We find an average performance improvement in terms of the Q-factor of 0.45 dB by using digital backpropagation compared to the case of using chromatic dispersion compensation alone for an unrepeatered span system. PMID:24921729

  4. Light-charged-particle emission in the spontaneous fission of /sup 250/Cf, /sup 256/Fm, and /sup 257/Fm

    SciTech Connect

    Wild, J.F.; Baisden, P.A.; Dougan, R.J.; Hulet, E.K.; Lougheed, R.W.; Landrum, J.H.

    1985-08-01

    We have measured the energy spectra for the emission of long-range ..cap alpha.. particles from the spontaneous fission of /sup 250/Cf, /sup 256/Fm, and /sup 257/Fm, and for tritons and protons from the spontaneous fission of /sup 250/Cf and /sup 256/Fm. We have determined ..cap alpha.., triton, and proton emission probabilities and estimated total light-particle emission probabilities for these nuclides. We compare these and known emission probabilities for five other spontaneously fissioning nuclides with the deformation energy available at scission and show that there is a possible correlation that is consistent with a one-body dissipation mechanism for transferring release energy to particle clusters.

  5. Reduced renal sodium excretion in Walker-256 tumor-bearing rats.

    PubMed

    Rettori, O; Vieira-Matos, A N; Gontijo, J A

    1996-01-01

    Subcutaneous inoculation of Walker-256 tumor is followed by an asymptomatic period which is widely variable in duration, after which, paraneoplastic effects appear suddenly in the form of progressive and rapidly changing homeostatic alterations. Multifocal inoculation of tumor cells in each animal, was carried out with data averaging in each (sub-clinical [SubC], moderate [mCP] and grave [gCP] clinical phases and compared to foodrestricted (FR) rats. Results showed a significant and early decrease in urinary sodium excretion during mCP when compared to SubC and FR. The renal sites involved were studied in awake unrestrained animals by measure of sodium, creatinine and lithium clearance. Results indicated an initial increase of both absolute proximal (mCP: 21.4 +/- 1.7 vs FR: 16.0 +/- 1.1 mmol@min/100 g.b.w., p < 0.05) and postproximal (mCP: 11.1 +/- 0.4 vs FR: 6.6 +/- 0.4 mmol/min/100 g b.w., p < 0.001) Na+ reabsorption, which were partially compensated by a rise in glomerular filtration rate (mCP: 213 +/- 11.4 vs FR: 162+ 10.2pl/min/100 g b.w., p < 0.01) and by fell of fractional proximal Na+ reabsorption (mCP: 62.8 +/- 2.2 vs FR: 70.1 +/- 1.7%, p < 0.05), despite this a significant Na+ and fluid retention was observed. Additionally, this study shows that terminal phase of the illness (gCP) culminated with a marked decrease in the creatinine clearance suggesting a significant fall of the renal function.

  6. Binding of formyl peptides to Walker 256 carcinosarcoma cells and the chemotactic response of these cells

    SciTech Connect

    Rayner, D.C.; Orr, F.W.; Shiu, R.P.

    1985-05-01

    N-Formylmethionylleucylphenylalanine (fMLP) induces chemotaxis in leukocytes, the response being mediated by peptide binding to a receptor on the plasma membrane. In tumor cells, this peptide has been reported to induce cellular swelling and chemotaxis in vitro and to enhance the localization of circulating tumor cells in vivo. In the Boyden chamber, the authors evaluated the migratory responses of Walker carcinosarcoma 256 cells to varying concentrations of fMLP. Sigmoidal dose-response curves were obtained with the dose of chemotactic factor that elicits a half-maximal chemotactic response of 5.0 +/- 2.5 X 10(-8) M. Checkerboard analysis indicated that these responses were dependent upon a concentration gradient of fMLP with increases in migration of circa 2 to 2.5 times that of random movement. To examine the binding of fMLP, the tumor cells were incubated with 5 X 10(-9) M fML-(/sup 3/H)P in Hanks balanced salt solution. Specific binding (0.5 to 1% of total radioligand, to whole cells inhibited by 5 X 10(-6) M fMLP) approached equilibrium after 4 to 6 h at 4 degrees C and after 6 to 10 h at 22 degrees C. Autoradiographic studies demonstrated heterogeneous binding of the peptide by tumor cells and also showed its intracellular localization. In homogenates of Walker cells prepared in 0.1 M Tris HCl, pH 7.4, with 10 mM MgCl2 and bovine serum albumin (1 mg/ml), specific binding of approximately 0.5% of total fML-(/sup 3/H)P reached equilibrium after 60 min at 4 degrees C. In whole cells and homogenates, binding was reversible by addition of unlabeled fMLP.

  7. Prognostic factors in primary malignant melanoma of the conjunctiva: a clinicopathological study of 256 cases.

    PubMed Central

    Paridaens, A D; Minassian, D C; McCartney, A C; Hungerford, J L

    1994-01-01

    A series of 256 consecutive cases of invasive primary conjunctival malignant melanomas was examined to identify clinical and histopathological prognostic factors. The follow up period varied between 0.3 and 45.9 years (mean 9 years, median 6.3 years). The 5 year survival rate was estimated at 82.9%, the 10 year survival rate at 69.3%. Multiple regression analysis with the Cox proportional hazards model was used to assess sex, age, and a number of baseline features of conjunctival malignant melanoma as possible prognostic factors influencing melanoma related mortality. In assessing each potential prognostic factor, the effects of all other factors were taken into account in the modelling process. Tumours in unfavourable locations--that is, those involving the palpebral conjunctiva, fornices, plica, caruncle, and lid margins, were associated with 2.2 times higher mortality compared with (epi)bulbar melanomas. Patients with mixed cell type tumours had about three times higher mortality compared with those with pure spindle cell melanomas, and histological evidence of lymphatic invasion by tumour cells was also a prognostic feature, carrying a fourfold increase in the death rate. Multifocal tumours were associated with a fivefold increase in mortality among those with tumours in favourable (epi)bulbar locations, but were not prognostic in patients with melanomas in unfavourable sites. The death rate was significantly higher in those with initial tumour thickness of more than 4 mm, but only among patients with unfavourably located melanomas. Sex, age, and clinical origin of the tumour (primary acquired melanosis, pre-existing naevus, or de novo) were not useful prognostic indicators in this study. PMID:8199108

  8. Coronary lesion complexity assessed by SYNTAX score in 256-slice dual-source MDCT angiography

    PubMed Central

    Yüceler, Zeyneb; Kantarcı, Mecit; Tanboğa, İbrahim Halil; Sade, Recep; Kızrak, Yeşim; Pirimoğlu, Berhan; Bayraktutan, Ümmügülsüm; Oğul, Hayri; Aksakal, Enbiya

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE The SYNTAX Score (SS) has an important role in grading the complexity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients undergoing revascularization. Noninvasive determination of SS prior to invasive coronary angiography (ICA) might optimize patient management. We aimed to evaluate the agreement between ICA and multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) while testing the diagnostic effectiveness of SS-MDCT. METHODS Our study included 108 consecutive patients who underwent both MDCT angiography with a 256-slice dual-source MDCT system and ICA within 14±3 days. SS was calculated for both ICA and MDCT coronary angiography. Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the association of SS-MDCT with SS-ICA, and Bland-Altman analysis was performed. RESULTS The degree of agreement between SS-ICA and SS-MDCT was moderate. The mean SS-MDCT was 14.5, whereas the mean SS-ICA was 15.9. After dividing SS into three groups (high [≥33], intermediate [23–32], and low [≤22] subgroups), agreement analysis was repeated. There was a significant correlation between SS-MDCT and SS-ICA in the low SS group (r=0.63, P = 0.043) but no significant correlation in the high SS group (r=0.036, P = 0.677). The inter-test agreement analysis showed at least moderate agreement, whereas thrombotic lesions and the type of bifurcation lesion showed fair agreement. CONCLUSION The calculation of SS-MDCT by adapting SS-ICA parameters achieved nearly the same degree of precision as SS-ICA and was better than SS-ICA, especially in the low SS group. PMID:27328718

  9. Genome Anatomy of Pyrenochaeta unguis-hominis UM 256, a Multidrug Resistant Strain Isolated from Skin Scraping.

    PubMed

    Toh, Yue Fen; Yew, Su Mei; Chan, Chai Ling; Na, Shiang Ling; Lee, Kok Wei; Hoh, Chee-Choong; Yee, Wai-Yan; Ng, Kee Peng; Kuan, Chee Sian

    2016-01-01

    Pyrenochaeta unguis-hominis is a rare human pathogen that causes infection in human skin and nail. P. unguis-hominis has received little attention, and thus, the basic biology and pathogenicity of this fungus is not fully understood. In this study, we performed in-depth analysis of the P. unguis-hominis UM 256 genome that was isolated from the skin scraping of a dermatitis patient. The isolate was identified to species level using a comprehensive multilocus phylogenetic analysis of the genus Pyrenochaeta. The assembled UM 256 genome has a size of 35.5 Mb and encodes 12,545 putative genes, and 0.34% of the assembled genome is predicted transposable elements. Its genomic features propose that the fungus is a heterothallic fungus that encodes a wide array of plant cell wall degrading enzymes, peptidases, and secondary metabolite biosynthetic enzymes. Antifungal drug resistance genes including MDR, CDR, and ERG11/CYP51 were identified in P. unguis-hominis UM 256, which may confer resistance to this fungus. The genome analysis of P. unguis-hominis provides an insight into molecular and genetic basis of the fungal lifestyles, understanding the unrevealed biology of antifungal resistance in this fungus. PMID:27626635

  10. The noisy-bit method for digital displays: converting a 256 luminance resolution into a continuous resolution.

    PubMed

    Allard, Rémy; Faubert, Jocelyn

    2008-08-01

    Visual psychophysics often manipulates the contrast of the image on a digital display screen. Therefore, the limitation of the number of different luminance intensities displayable for most computers (typically, 256) is frequently an issue. To avoid this problem, experimenters generally need to purchase special hardware (graphic cards) and/or develop specific computer programs. Here, we describe an easy-to-implement method, consisting of adding noise to the displayed stimulus, that we call the noisy-bit method. This random dithering method, generalized to 256 luminance intensities, is equivalent to displaying continuous luminance intensities plus a certain amount of noise. Psychophysical testing using a standard spatiotemporal resolution (60 Hz and 1,024 x 768 pixels) demonstrated that the noise introduced by the noisy-bit method has no significant impact on contrast threshold and is not visible. We conclude that the noisy-bit method, combined with the standard 256 luminance levels, is perceptually equivalent to an analog display with a continuous luminance intensity resolution when the spatiotemporal resolution is high enough that the noise becomes negligible (which is easily attainable with the typical spatiotemporal resolutions of present-day computers). PMID:18697669

  11. Genome Anatomy of Pyrenochaeta unguis-hominis UM 256, a Multidrug Resistant Strain Isolated from Skin Scraping

    PubMed Central

    Toh, Yue Fen; Yew, Su Mei; Chan, Chai Ling; Na, Shiang Ling; Lee, Kok Wei; Hoh, Chee-Choong; Yee, Wai-Yan; Ng, Kee Peng

    2016-01-01

    Pyrenochaeta unguis-hominis is a rare human pathogen that causes infection in human skin and nail. P. unguis-hominis has received little attention, and thus, the basic biology and pathogenicity of this fungus is not fully understood. In this study, we performed in-depth analysis of the P. unguis-hominis UM 256 genome that was isolated from the skin scraping of a dermatitis patient. The isolate was identified to species level using a comprehensive multilocus phylogenetic analysis of the genus Pyrenochaeta. The assembled UM 256 genome has a size of 35.5 Mb and encodes 12,545 putative genes, and 0.34% of the assembled genome is predicted transposable elements. Its genomic features propose that the fungus is a heterothallic fungus that encodes a wide array of plant cell wall degrading enzymes, peptidases, and secondary metabolite biosynthetic enzymes. Antifungal drug resistance genes including MDR, CDR, and ERG11/CYP51 were identified in P. unguis-hominis UM 256, which may confer resistance to this fungus. The genome analysis of P. unguis-hominis provides an insight into molecular and genetic basis of the fungal lifestyles, understanding the unrevealed biology of antifungal resistance in this fungus. PMID:27626635

  12. [Effect of plant biocomposites based on Georgian tea "per se" and in combination with cisplatin on Walker carcinosarcoma W-256 and Guerin's carcinoma growth rate in rats].

    PubMed

    Zalietok, S P; Orlovs'kyĭ, O A; Hohol', S V; Samoĭlenko, O A; Hulua, L; Kvesitadze, H I

    2006-12-01

    Green tea biocomposite had effectivey hampered the growth of rat Walker W-256 carcinoma and in less extent rat Guerin's carcinoma. Black tea biocomposite had not practically influenced on Guerin's carcinoma growth. The biocomposite from green tea and extract from red vine rind and lemon suppressed at the level of tendency the growth of rat Walker W-256 carcinoma. The biocomposite from green tea and extract from red vine rind had hampered only Guerin's carcinoma growth and at the tendency had increased the growth of W-256 carcinosarcoma growth. This biocomposite increased also considerably the therapeutic efficiency of cisplatin on Guerin's carcinoma. Studed vegetable biocomposites posesses antiinflammatory and antioxidant properties.

  13. Re-assessment of the renal hydrosaline dysfunction in rats bearing the Walker-256 tumor.

    PubMed

    Rettori, O; Vieira-Matos, A N; Gontijo, J A

    2000-11-01

    Sodium retention is a frequent effect of cancer in humans and animals, but the mechanism involved is not yet understood. In the Walker-256 tumor, sodium retention has been considered to be a late effect, secondary to retention in the tumor mass, and/or to adrenal hypertrophy. Normally, (in rats receiving single tumor implants), the development of different tumor systemic effects (TSE) such as anorexia, sodium and fluid retention, anemia and immune depression in rats is synchronous within each individual but random among individuals of a given group in which they appear 6-47 days, or more, after inoculation. In present study, multifocal simultaneous inoculations of tumor cells resulted in a rapid and synchronous initiation of TSE (in 3-4 days) in all rats when no local effects of metastases could mask the results. Sodium retention is a special tumor effect on Na+ balance and a very sensitive indicator of TSE initiation. The results from multifocally inoculated rats were averaged in each (sub-clinical (SubC), moderate (mCP) and grave (gCP)) clinical phase and compared to food-restricted (FR) rats. There was a significant, early decrease in urinary Na+ excretion during mCP when compared to SubC and FR. The renal sites involved were studied in awake, unrestrained animals by measuring of sodium, creatinine and lithium clearances. There was an initial increase in the absolute proximal (mCP: 21.4 +/- 1.7 vs FR: 16.0 +/- 1.1 mmol/min/100 g b.w., p < 0.05) and post-proximal (mCP: 11.1 +/- 0.4 vs FR: 6.6 +/- 0.4 mmol/min/100 g b.w., p < 0.001) Na+ reabsorption, which were partially compensated for by a rise in glomerular filtration rate (mCP: 213 +/- 11.4 vs FR: 162 +/- 10.2 microL/min/100 g b.w., p < 0.01) and by a fall in fractional proximal Na+ reabsorption (mCP: 62.8 +/- 2.2% vs FR: 70.1 +/- 1.7%, p < 0.05), despite significant Na+ and fluid retention. The terminal phase of illness (gCP) culminated with a marked decrease in creatinine clearance, suggesting a significant

  14. A customizable commercial miniaturized 320×256 indium gallium arsenide shortwave infrared camera

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Shih-Che; O'Grady, Matthew; Groppe, Joseph V.; Ettenberg, Martin H.; Brubaker, Robert M.

    2004-10-01

    The design and performance of a commercial short-wave-infrared (SWIR) InGaAs microcamera engine is presented. The 0.9-to-1.7 micron SWIR imaging system consists of a room-temperature-TEC-stabilized, 320x256 (25 μm pitch) InGaAs focal plane array (FPA) and a high-performance, highly customizable image-processing set of electronics. The detectivity, D*, of the system is greater than 1013 cm-√Hz/W at 1.55 μm, and this sensitivity may be adjusted in real-time over 100 dB. It features snapshot-mode integration with a minimum exposure time of 130 μs. The digital video processor provides real time pixel-to-pixel, 2-point dark-current subtraction and non-uniformity compensation along with defective-pixel substitution. Other features include automatic gain control (AGC), gamma correction, 7 preset configurations, adjustable exposure time, external triggering, and windowing. The windowing feature is highly flexible; the region of interest (ROI) may be placed anywhere on the imager and can be varied at will. Windowing allows for high-speed readout enabling such applications as target acquisition and tracking; for example, a 32x32 ROI window may be read out at over 3500 frames per second (fps). Output video is provided as EIA170-compatible analog, or as 12-bit CameraLink-compatible digital. All the above features are accomplished in a small volume < 28 cm3, weight < 70 g, and with low power consumption < 1.3 W at room temperature using this new microcamera engine. Video processing is based on a field-programmable gate array (FPGA) platform with a soft-embedded processor that allows for ease of integration/addition of customer-specific algorithms, processes, or design requirements. The camera was developed with the high-performance, space-restricted, power-conscious application in mind, such as robotic or UAV deployment.

  15. 31 CFR 256.33 - For what period of time is interest computed under 31 U.S.C. 1304(b)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false For what period of time is interest computed under 31 U.S.C. 1304(b)? 256.33 Section 256.33 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to....33 For what period of time is interest computed under 31 U.S.C. 1304(b)? Interest is computed...

  16. 31 CFR 256.33 - For what period of time is interest computed under 31 U.S.C. 1304(b)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false For what period of time is interest computed under 31 U.S.C. 1304(b)? 256.33 Section 256.33 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to....33 For what period of time is interest computed under 31 U.S.C. 1304(b)? Interest is computed...

  17. Qualitative and Quantitative Assessment of Adenosine Triphosphate Stress Whole-Heart Dynamic Myocardial Perfusion Imaging Using 256-Slice Computed Tomography

    PubMed Central

    Kurata, Akira; Kawaguchi, Naoto; Kido, Teruhito; Inoue, Katsuji; Suzuki, Jun; Ogimoto, Akiyoshi; Funada, Jun-ichi; Higaki, Jitsuo; Miyagawa, Masao; Vembar, Mani; Mochizuki, Teruhito

    2013-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of the qualitative transmural extent of hypoperfusion areas (HPA) using stress dynamic whole-heart computed tomography perfusion (CTP) imaging by 256-slice CT with CTP-derived myocardial blood flow (MBF) for the estimation of the severity of coronary artery stenosis. Methods and Results Eleven patients underwent adenosine triphosphate (0.16 mg/kg/min, 5 min) stress dynamic CTP by 256-slice CT (coverage: 8 cm, 0.27 s/rotation), and 9 of the 11 patients underwent coronary angiography (CAG). Stress dynamic CTP (whole–heart datasets over 30 consecutive heart beats in systole without spatial and temporal gaps) was acquired with prospective ECG gating (effective radiation dose: 10.4 mSv). The extent of HPAs was visually graded using a 3-point score (normal, subendocardial, transmural). MBF (ml/100g/min) was measured by deconvolution. Differences in MBF (mean ± standard error) according to HPA and CAG results were evaluated. In 27 regions (3 major coronary territories in 9 patients), 11 coronary stenoses (> 50% reduction in diameter) were observed. In 353 myocardial segments, HPA was significantly related to MBF (P < 0.05; normal 295 ± 94; subendocardial 186 ± 67; and transmural 80 ± 53). Coronary territory analysis revealed a significant relationship between coronary stenosis severity and MBF (P < 0.05; non-significant stenosis [< 50%], 284 ± 97; moderate stenosis [50–70%], 184 ± 74; and severe stenosis [> 70%], 119 ± 69). Conclusion The qualitative transmural extent of HPA using stress whole-heart dynamic CTP imaging by 256-slice CT exhibits a good correlation with quantitative CTP-derived MBF and may aid in assessing the hemodynamic significance of coronary artery disease. PMID:24376774

  18. Respiratory-gated segment reconstruction for radiation treatment planning using 256-slice CT-scanner during free breathing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mori, Shinichiro; Endo, Masahiro; Kohno, Ryosuke; Minohara, Shinichi; Kohno, Kazutoshi; Asakura, Hiroshi; Fujiwara, Hideaki; Murase, Kenya

    2005-04-01

    The conventional respiratory-gated CT scan technique includes anatomic motion induced artifacts due to the low temporal resolution. They are a significant source of error in radiotherapy treatment planning for the thorax and upper abdomen. Temporal resolution and image quality are important factors to minimize planning target volume margin due to the respiratory motion. To achieve high temporal resolution and high signal-to-noise ratio, we developed a respiratory gated segment reconstruction algorithm and adapted it to Feldkamp-Davis-Kress algorithm (FDK) with a 256-detector row CT. The 256-detector row CT could scan approximately 100 mm in the cranio-caudal direction with 0.5 mm slice thickness in one rotation. Data acquisition for the RS-FDK relies on the assistance of the respiratory sensing system by a cine scan mode (table remains stationary). We evaluated RS-FDK in phantom study with the 256-detector row CT and compared it with full scan (FS-FDK) and HS-FDK results with regard to volume accuracy and image noise, and finally adapted the RS-FDK to an animal study. The RS-FDK gave a more accurate volume than the others and it had the same signal-to-noise ratio as the FS-FDK. In the animal study, the RS-FDK visualized the clearest edges of the liver and pulmonary vessels of all the algorithms. In conclusion, the RS-FDK algorithm has a capability of high temporal resolution and high signal-to-noise ratio. Therefore it will be useful when combined with new radiotherapy techniques including image guided radiation therapy (IGRT) and 4D radiation therapy.

  19. Staphylococcus epidermidis with the icaA⁻/icaD⁻/IS256⁻ genotype and protein or protein/extracellular-DNA biofilm is frequent in ocular infections.

    PubMed

    Juárez-Verdayes, Marco A; Ramón-Peréz, Miriam L; Flores-Páez, Luis A; Camarillo-Márquez, Omar; Zenteno, Juan C; Jan-Roblero, Janet; Cancino-Diaz, Mario E; Cancino-Diaz, Juan C

    2013-10-01

    In ocular infections (OIs) caused by Staphylococcus epidermidis, biofilms composed mainly of poly-N-acetylglucosamine (PNAG) have been widely studied, but PNAG-independent biofilms have not. Therefore, we searched for a relationship between the ica operon (involved in PNAG-biofilm) and the biochemical composition of biofilms in isolates from OI. Isolates from OI (n = 62), from healthy conjunctiva (HC; n = 45) and from healthy skin (HS; n = 53), were used to detect icaA and icaD genes, and the insertion sequence 256 (IS256) using PCR. The compositions of the biofilms were determined by treatment with NaIO₄, proteinase K and DNase I. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was performed to characterize the isolates, and the expression of aap and embp genes was determined by real-time qPCR. A strong relationship between the icaA(-)/icaD(-)/IS256(-) genotype and protein- or protein/extracellular DNA (eDNA)-biofilm composition was found in the isolates from OI (53.6%), whereas the icaA(+)/icaD(+)/IS256(-) genotype and carbohydrate-biofilm was most prevalent in isolates from HC (25%) and HS (25%). Isolates with an icaA(-)/icaD(-)/IS256(-) genotype and protein-biofilm phenotype were predominantly of the ST2 lineage, while carbohydrate-biofilm-producing strains were mainly of the ST9 lineage. The protein-biofilm-producing strains had higher expression levels of aap gene than carbohydrate-biofilm-producing strains; while embp gene did not have the same pattern of expression. These results suggest that S. epidermidis strains with icaA(-)/icaD(-)/IS256(-) genotype and protein- or protein/eDNA-biofilms have a stronger ability to establish in the eye than S. epidermidis strains with icaA(+)/icaD(+)/IS256(-) genotype and PNAG-biofilms.

  20. IS256 abolishes gelatinase activity and biofilm formation in a mutant of the nosocomial pathogen Enterococcus faecalis V583.

    PubMed

    Perez, Marta; Calles-Enríquez, Marina; del Rio, Beatriz; Ladero, Victor; Martín, María Cruz; Fernández, María; Alvarez, Miguel A

    2015-07-01

    Enterococcus faecalis is one of the most controversial species of lactic acid bacteria. Some strains are used as probiotics, while others are associated with severe and life-threatening nosocomial infections. Their pathogenicity depends on the acquisition of multidrug resistance and virulence factors. Gelatinase, which is required in the first steps of biofilm formation, is an important virulence determinant involved in E. faecalis pathogenesis, including endocarditis and peritonitis. The gene that codes for gelatinase (gelE) is controlled by the Fsr quorum-sensing system, whose encoding genes (fsrA, fsrB, fsrC, and fsrD) are located immediately upstream of gelE. The integration of a DNA fragment into the fsr locus of a derived mutant of E. faecalis V583 suppressed the gelatinase activity and prevented biofilm formation. Sequence analysis indicated the presence of IS256 integrated into the fsrC gene at nucleotide position 321. Interestingly, IS256 is also associated with biofilm formation in Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus. This is the first description of an insertion sequence that prevents biofilm formation in E. faecalis.

  1. Chronic supplementation with shark liver oil for reducing tumor growth and cachexia in walker 256 tumor-bearing rats.

    PubMed

    Iagher, Fabíola; de Brito Belo, Sérgio Ricardo; Naliwaiko, Katya; Franzói, Andressa Machado; de Brito, Gleisson Alisson Pereira; Yamazaki, Ricardo Key; Muritiba, Ana Lúcia; Muehlmann, Luis Alexandre; Steffani, Jovani Antonio; Fernandes, Luiz Cláudio

    2011-11-01

    We investigated the effect of chronic supplementation with shark liver oil (SLO), an antitumor supplement source of n-3 fatty acids and 1-O-alkylglycerols, alone and combined with coconut fat (CF), a source of saturated fatty acids, on Walker 256 tumor growth and cachexia. Male rats were supplemented daily and orally with SLO and/or CF (1 g per kg body weight) for 7 wk. After 7 wk, 50% of animals were subcutaneously inoculated with 3 × 10(7) Walker 256 tumor cells. After 14 days, the rats were killed, the tumors were removed for lipid peroxidation measurement, and blood was collected for glycemia, triacylglycerolemia, and lacticidemia evaluation. Liver samples were obtained for glycogen measurement. Unlike CF, supplementation with SLO promoted gain in body weight, reduction of tumor weight, and maintained glycemia, triacylglycerolemia, lacticidemia, and liver glycogen content to values similar to non-tumor-bearing rats. Combined supplementation of SLO with CF also showed a reversion of cachexia with gain in body mass, reduction of lacticidemia, maintaining the liver glycogen store, and reduction in tumor weight. SLO, alone or combined with CF, promoted increase of tumor lipid peroxidation. In conclusion, SLO supplemented chronically, alone or associated with CF, was able to reduce tumor growth and cachexia.

  2. Evaluation of radiation dose of triple rule-out coronary angiography protocols with different scan length using 256-slice CT

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsai, Chia-Jung; Lee, Jason J. S.; Chen, Liang-Kuang; Mok, Greta S. P.; Hsu, Shih-Ming; Wu, Tung-Hsin

    2011-10-01

    Triple rule-out coronary CT angiography (TRO-CTA) is a new approach for providing noninvasive visualization of coronary arteries with simultaneous evaluation of pulmonary arteries, thoracic aorta and other intrathoracic structures. The increasing use of TRO-CTA examination with longer scan length is associated with the concerns about radiation dose and their corresponding cancer risk. The purpose of this study is to evaluate organ dose and effective dose for the TRO-CTA examination with 2 scan lengths: TRO std and TRO ext, using 256-slice CT. TRO-CTA examinations were performed on a 256-slice CT scanner without ECG-based tube current modulation. Absorbed organ doses were measured using an anthropomorphic phantom and thermal-luminance dosimeters (TLDs). Effective dose was determined by taking a sum of the measured absorbed organ doses multiplied with the tissue weighting factor based on ICRP-103, and compared to that calculated using the dose-length product (DLP) method. We obtained high organ doses in the thyroid, esophagus, breast, heart and lung in both TRO-CTA protocols. Effective doses of the TRO std and TRO ext protocols with the phantom method were 26.37 and 42.49 mSv, while those with the DLP method were 19.68 and 38.96 mSv, respectively. Our quantitative dose information establishes a relationship between radiation dose and scanning length, and can provide a practical guidance to best clinical practice.

  3. Increase in IS256 transposition in invasive vancomycin heteroresistant Staphylococcus aureus isolate belonging to ST100 and its derived VISA mutants.

    PubMed

    Di Gregorio, Sabrina; Fernandez, Silvina; Perazzi, Beatriz; Bello, Natalia; Famiglietti, Angela; Mollerach, Marta

    2016-09-01

    In Staphylococcus aureus, transposition of IS256 has been described to play an important role in biofilm formation and antibiotic resistance. This study describes the molecular characterization of two clinical heterogeneous vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus (hVISA) isolates recovered from the same patient (before and after antibiotic treatment) and two VISA derivatives obtained by serial passages in the presence of vancomycin. Our results showed that antibiotic treatment (in vivo and in vitro) could enhance IS256 transposition, being responsible for the eventual loss of agr function. As far as we know this is the first study that reports the increase of IS256 transposition in isogenic strains after antibiotic treatment in a clinical setting.

  4. Spontaneous fission properties of {sup 252,254}No and {sup 256,258}[104] and the disappearance of the outer fission barrier

    SciTech Connect

    Wild, J.F.; Hulet, E.K.; Lougheed, R.W.; Moody, K.J.; Bandong, B.B.; Dougan, R.J.; Veeck, A.

    1993-09-01

    The mass and total kinetic energy distributions from the spontaneous fission of {sup 252}No, {sup 254}No, {sup 256}[104], and {sup 258}[104] were measured. The results, in combination with earlier measurements for {sup 256}No, {sup 258}No, and {sup 262}No, show a sharp transition from asymmetrical mass division in {sup 256}No to symmetrical division for {sup 258}No and {sup 262}No. On the other hand, all isotopes of element 104, including {sup 260}[104], appear to yield broadly symmetrical mass distributions. The total kinetic energies around 200 MeV for the 104 isotopes indicate that they fission by the low-energy mode of bimodal fission. Recent calculations of static potential energy surfaces including higher-order asymmetric deformations suggest that the outer fission barrier is well below the ground state in energy, which accounts for the observance of the symmetric mass division.

  5. Effect of heart rate on the diagnostic accuracy of 256-slice computed tomography angiography in the detection of coronary artery stenosis: ROC curve analysis

    PubMed Central

    WANG, GANG; WU, YIFEN; ZHANG, ZHENTAO; ZHENG, XIAOLIN; ZHANG, YULAN; LIANG, MANQIU; YUAN, HUANCHU; SHEN, HAIPING; LI, DEWEI

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of heart rate (HR) on the diagnostic accuracy of 256-slice computed tomography angiography (CTA) in the detection of coronary artery stenosis. Coronary imaging was performed using a Philips 256-slice spiral CT, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was conducted to evaluate the diagnostic value of 256-slice CTA in coronary artery stenosis. The HR of the research subjects in the study was within a certain range (39–107 bpm). One hundred patients suspected of coronary heart disease underwent 256-slice CTA examination. The cases were divided into three groups: Low HR (HR <75 bpm), moderate HR (75≤ HR <90 bpm) and high HR (HR ≥90 bpm). For the three groups, two observers independently assessed the image quality for all coronary segments on a four-point ordinal scale. An image quality of grades 1–3 was considered diagnostic, while grade 4 was non-diagnostic. A total of 97.76% of the images were diagnostic in the low-HR group, 96.86% in the moderate-HR group and 95.80% in the high-HR group. According to the ROC curve analysis, the specificity of CTA in diagnosing coronary artery stenosis was 98.40, 96.00 and 97.60% in the low-, moderate- and high-HR groups, respectively. In conclusion, 256-slice coronary CTA can be used to clearly show the main segments of the coronary artery and to effectively diagnose coronary artery stenosis. Within the range of HRs investigated, HR was found to have no significant effect on the diagnostic accuracy of 256-slice coronary CTA for coronary artery stenosis. PMID:27168831

  6. Cytomegalovirus infection: an occupational hazard to kindergarten teachers working with children aged 2.5-6 years.

    PubMed

    Kiss, Philippe; De Bacquer, Dirk; Sergooris, Leen; De Meester, Marc; VanHoorne, Michel

    2002-01-01

    The aims of the study were to evaluate the occupational risk of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in kindergarten teachers working with children aged 2.5-6 years, and to determine occupational risk factors within the occupation of kindergarten teaching. A cross-sectional seroprevalence study was conducted in 211 kindergarten teachers and 283 administrative workers. Relevant confounding factors were considered. Overall seropositivity rates ranged from 16.4% in childless women to 33.7% in women with one child or more. Raising own children was the major risk factor for CMV seropositivity: adjusted OR 2.25. Kindergarten teaching showed to have a significantly increased CMV seropositivity rate: adjusted OR 1.54. Among kindergarten teachers, washing hands at school, number and age of the pupils, and seniority had no significant influence on seropositivity. The results indicated an increased risk of CMV infection in kindergarten teachers and an insufficiency of hygienic measures to prevent seropositivity. PMID:12019684

  7. Effect of Walker 256 tumor growth on intestinal absorption of leucine, methionine and glucose in newly weaned and mature rats.

    PubMed

    Gomes-Marcondes, M C; Honma, H N; Areas, M A; Cury, L

    1998-10-01

    In tumor-bearing rats, most of the serum amino acids are used for synthesis and oxidation processes by the neoplastic tissue. In the present study, the effect of Walker 256 carcinoma growth on the intestinal absorption of leucine, methionine and glucose was investigated in newly weaned and mature rats. Food intake and carcass weight were decreased in newly weaned (NT) and mature (MT) rats bearing Walker 256 tumor in comparison with control animals (NC and MC). The tumor/carcass weight ratio was higher in NT than in MT rats, whereas nitrogen balance was significantly decreased in both as compared to control animals. Glucose absorption was significantly reduced in MT rats (MT = 47.3 +/- 4.9 vs MC = 99.8 +/- 5.3 nmol min-1 cm-1, Kruskal-Wallis test, P < 0.05) but this fact did not hamper the evolution of cancer. There was a significant increase in methionine absorption in both groups (NT = 4.2 +/- 0.3 and MT = 2.0 +/- 0.1 vs NC = 3.7 +/- 0.1 and MC = 1.2 +/- 0.2 nmol min-1 cm-1, Kruskal-Wallis test, P < 0.05), whereas leucine absorption was increased only in young tumor-bearing rats (NT = 8.6 +/- 0.2 vs NC = 7.7 +/- 0.4 nmol min-1 cm-1, Kruskal-Wallis test, P < 0.05), suggesting that these metabolites are being used for synthesis and oxidation processes by the neoplastic cells, which might ensure their rapid proliferation especially in NT rats.

  8. 24 CFR 221.256 - Interest rate increase and payment of mortgage insurance premiums on mortgages under § 221.60 and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES LOW COST AND MODERATE INCOME MORTGAGE INSURANCE-SAVINGS CLAUSE Contract Rights and Obligations-Low Cost Homes § 221.256... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Interest rate increase and...

  9. 24 CFR 221.256 - Interest rate increase and payment of mortgage insurance premiums on mortgages under § 221.60 and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES LOW COST AND MODERATE INCOME MORTGAGE INSURANCE-SAVINGS CLAUSE Contract Rights and Obligations-Low Cost Homes § 221.256... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Interest rate increase and...

  10. Diagnosis of early pancreas graft failure via antibody-mediated rejection: single-center experience with 256 pancreas transplantations.

    PubMed

    de Kort, H; Mallat, M J K; van Kooten, C; de Heer, E; Brand-Schaaf, S H; van der Wal, A M; Roufosse, C; Roelen, D L; Bruijn, J A; Claas, F H; de Fijter, J W; Bajema, I M

    2014-04-01

    Early pancreas graft loss is usually attributed to technical failure while the possibility of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) is generally overlooked. To investigate the role of AMR in early pancreas graft loss, we retrospectively assessed 256 patients with simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPK) between 1985 and 2010 at our institute. We included 33 SPK patients who lost their pancreas graft <1 year after transplantation. AMR was diagnosed based on donor-specific antibodies, C4d and histology in 7 cases, 8 cases were suspicious for AMR and 18 pancreas graft losses were not due to AMR. Acute AMR occurred >1 month after transplantation in 6/7 cases, whereas all other causes typically led to loss <1 month after transplantation. Thrombotic lesions occurred equally among the 33 cases. In 12/18 concurrent kidney specimens, the diagnostic results paralleled those of the pancreas graft. All patients with acute AMR of the pancreas graft lost their renal grafts <1 year after transplantation. In the setting of a thrombotic event, histopathological analysis of early pancreas graft loss is advisable to rule out the possibility of AMR, particularly because a diagnosis of acute AMR has important consequences for renal graft outcomes.

  11. A rat model of bone cancer pain induced by intra-tibia inoculation of Walker 256 mammary gland carcinoma cells

    SciTech Connect

    Mao-Ying, Q.-L.; Zhao Jun; Dong Zhiqiang; Wang Jun; Yu Jin; Yan Minfen; Zhang Yuqiu; Wu Gencheng; Wang Yanqing . E-mail: wangyanqing@shmu.edu.cn

    2006-07-14

    This study described a modified rat model of bone cancer pain. Syngeneic Walker 256 mammary gland carcinoma cells were injected into the tibia medullary cavity via intercondylar eminence. Series of tests were carried out including bone radiology, bone histology, ambulatory pain, thermal hyperalgesia, mechanical allodynia, weight bearing ability, and electrophysiological recording from primary afferent fibers. The rats inoculated with carcinoma cells showed significant ambulatory pain, mechanical allodynia, and reduction in weight bearing, as well as increased incidence of spontaneous activity in A{beta} fibers in affected limb, whereas PBS (vehicle) or heat-killed cells (sham) injected rats showed no significant difference in comparison to normal rats. The pain hypersensitive behaviors were aggravated with time and destruction of bone. Interestingly, mechanical allodynia was also observed in the contralateral limb, indicating the involvement of 'mirror image' pain in bone cancer pain. In summary, the present study provided a useful and easily established rat model of bone cancer pain which will contribute to further study of the mechanisms underlying cancer pain.

  12. The association between the brain and mind pops: a voxel-based morphometry study in 256 Chinese college students.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Lei; Li, Wenfu; Wei, Dongtao; Yang, Wenjing; Yang, Ning; Qiao, Lei; Qiu, Jiang; Zuo, Xi-Nian; Zhang, Qinglin

    2016-06-01

    Mind pops or involuntary semantic memories refer to words, phrases, images, or melodies that suddenly pop into one's mind without any deliberate attempt to recall them. Despite their prevalence in everyday life, research on mind pops has started only recently. Notably, mind pops are very similar to clinical involuntary phenomena such as hallucinations in schizophrenia, suggesting their potential role in pathology. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between mind pops and the brain morphometry measured in 302 healthy young adults; after exclusions, 256 participants were included in our analyses. Specifically, the Mind Popping Questionnaire (MPQ) was employed to measure the degree of individual mind pops, whereas the Voxel-Based Morphometry (VBM) was used to compute the volumes of both gray and white matter tissues. Multiple regression analyses on MPQ and VBM metrics indicated that high-frequency mind pops were significantly associated with smaller gray matter volume in the left middle temporal gyrus as well as with larger gray and white matter volume in the right medial prefrontal cortex. This increase in mind pops is also linked to higher creativity and the personality trait of 'openness'. These data not only suggest a key role of the two regions in generating self-related thoughts, but also open a possible link between brain and creativity or personality.

  13. A low noise low power 512×256 ROIC for extended wavelength InGaAs FPA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Songlei; Huang, Zhangcheng; Chen, Yu; Li, Tao; Fang, Jiaxiong

    2015-05-01

    A low noise low power 512×256 readout integrated circuit (ROIC) based on Capacitance Trans-impedance Amplifier (CTIA) was designed in this paper. The ROIC with 30μm pixel-pitch and 70 fF integrated capacitance as normal structure and test structure capacitance from 5 to 60 fF, was fabricated in 0.5μm DPTM CMOS process. The results showed that output voltage was larger than 2.0V and power consumption was about 150mW, output ROIC noise was about 3.6E-4V which equivalent noise was 160e-, and the test structure noise was from 20e- to 140 e-. Compared the readout noises in Integration Then Readout (ITR) mode and Integration While Readout (IWR) mode, it indicated that in IWR mode, readout noise comes mainly from both integration capacitance and sampling capacitance, while in ITR mode, readout noise comes mostly from sampling capacitance. Finally the ROIC was flip-chip bonded with Indium bumps to extended wavelength InGaAs detectors with cutoff wavelength 2.5μm at 200K. The peak detectivity exceeded 5E11cmHz1/2/w with 70nA/cm2 dark current density at 200K.

  14. Kinetic energy deficit in the symmetric fission of /sup 259/Md. [Light particle emission in /sup 256/Fm fission

    SciTech Connect

    Hulet, E.K.; Wild, J.F.; Lougheed, R.W.; Baisden, P.A.; Dougan, R.J.; Mustafa, M.G.

    1980-10-01

    The fragment energies of about 725 coincidence events have now been observed in the spontaneous fission (SF) decay of 105-min /sup 259/Md since its discovery in 1977. The fission of /sup 259/Md is characterized by a symmetric mass distribution, similar to those of /sup 258/Fm and /sup 259/Fm, but with a broad total kinetic energy (anti TKE) distribution which peaks at about 195 MeV, in contrast to those of /sup 258/Fm and /sup 259/Fm, for which the anti TKE is about 240 MeV. This kinetic energy deficit, approx. 40 MeV, has been postulated to be due to the emission of hydrogen-like particles by /sup 259/Md at the scission point in a large fraction of the fissions, leaving the residual fissioning nucleus with 100 protons. The residual nucleus would then be able to divide into two ultrastable tin-like fission fragments, but with less kinetic energy than that observed in the SF of /sup 258/Fm and /sup 259/Fm, because of binding-energy losses and a reduction in the Coulomb repulsion of the major fragments. To test this hypothesis, counter-telescope experiments aimed at detecting and identifying these light particles were performed. In 439 SF events 3 + 3 protons of the appropriate energy were observed, too few to account for the kinetic energy deficit in the fission of /sup 259/Md. There seems to be no explanation for this problem within the framework of current fission theory. These results are discussed along with preliminary measurements of light-particle emission in the SF of /sup 256/Fm. 5 figures.

  15. Low-noise, fast frame-rate InGaAs 320 x 256 FPA for hyperspectral applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vermeiren, Jan; Van Bogget, Urbain; Van Horebeek, Guido; Bentell, Jonas; Verbeke, Peet; Colin, Thierry

    2009-05-01

    InGaAs is the material of preference for uncooled imaging in the [0.9-1.7 μm] SWIR range, as it can be manufactured on low cost InP substrates in a mainstream technology for optical telecommunications. By removing the substrate the spectral range can be extended to the [0.6 - 1.7 μm] range. In this way low cost, room temperature operated FPAs cameras for imaging and hyperspectral applications can be developed. The FPA is built around a low power CTIA stage with 3 S&H capacitors in the 20*20 um2 unit cell. This approach results in a synchronous shutter operation, which will support both ITR and IWR operation. In IWR mode the integration dead time is limited to max. 10 μsec. The CDS operation yields in a high sensitivity combined with a low noise: This presentation will focus on the development of a 20 μm pitch 320*256 device, with the following main characteristics: 20 μV/e-sensitivity and < 60 e-noise. The 4 low-power, differential outputs are enabling to drive an output load of > 30 pF at 40 Msamples/sec each, resulting in a > 1700 Hz frame rate, while at the same time the overall nominal power dissipation is < 200 mW. The ROIC is realized in a 0.35 um technology and the outputs are designed to drive directly a 3.3 V, 1.5 V VCM differential AD convertor. The circuit also supports a NDR operating mode to further reduce the noise of the FPA. A small from factor camera with Cameralink output is built around this FPA.

  16. Abscopal antitumor immune effects of magnet-mediated hyperthermia at a high therapeutic temperature on Walker-256 carcinosarcomas in rats

    PubMed Central

    WANG, HUI; ZHANG, LI; SHI, YINGRUI; JAVIDIPARSIJANI, SARA; WANG, GUIRONG; LI, XIAO; OUYANG, WEIWEI; ZHOU, JUMEI; ZHAO, LINGYUN; WANG, XIAOWEN; ZHANG, XIAODONG; GAO, FUPING; LIU, JINGSHI; LUO, JUNMING; TANG, JINTIAN

    2014-01-01

    The abscopal effect has previously been described in various tumors and is associated with radiation therapy and hyperthermia, with possible underlying mechanisms explaining each observed case. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the antitumor effects of magnet-mediated hyperthermia on Walker-256 carcinosarcomas in rats at two different temperature ranges (42–46°C and 50–55°C). We also aimed to identify whether a higher therapeutic temperature of magnetic-mediated hyperthermia improves the abscopal antitumor effects, where localised irradiation of the tumor causes not only the irradiated tumor to shrink, but also tumors located far from the area of irradiation. Following induction of carcinosarcoma in both sides of the body, magnet-mediated hyperthermia was applied to one side only, leaving the other side as a control. The changes in tumor growth were observed. Our results demonstrated that magnet-mediated hyperthermia at a higher temperature inhibited the growth of carcinosarcoma at the site of treatment. Furthermore, the growth of the carcinosarcoma on the untreated side was also inhibited. The expression levels of proliferating cell nuclear antigen were decreased in the hyperthermia group, which was more significant in the higher temperature test group. Flow cytometric analysis showed an increased number of CD4- and CD8-positive T cells, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay showed increased levels of interferon-γ and interleukin-2 in the higher temperature group. These results suggested that magnet-mediated hyperthermia at a higher temperature (50–55°C) can improve the abscopal antitumor effects and stimulate a greater endogenous immune response in carcinosarcoma-bearing rats. PMID:24527084

  17. Abscopal antitumor immune effects of magnet-mediated hyperthermia at a high therapeutic temperature on Walker-256 carcinosarcomas in rats.

    PubMed

    Wang, Hui; Zhang, Li; Shi, Yingrui; Javidiparsijani, Sara; Wang, Guirong; Li, Xiao; Ouyang, Weiwei; Zhou, Jumei; Zhao, Lingyun; Wang, Xiaowen; Zhang, Xiaodong; Gao, Fuping; Liu, Jingshi; Luo, Junming; Tang, Jintian

    2014-03-01

    The abscopal effect has previously been described in various tumors and is associated with radiation therapy and hyperthermia, with possible underlying mechanisms explaining each observed case. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the antitumor effects of magnet-mediated hyperthermia on Walker-256 carcinosarcomas in rats at two different temperature ranges (42-46°C and 50-55°C). We also aimed to identify whether a higher therapeutic temperature of magnetic-mediated hyperthermia improves the abscopal antitumor effects, where localised irradiation of the tumor causes not only the irradiated tumor to shrink, but also tumors located far from the area of irradiation. Following induction of carcinosarcoma in both sides of the body, magnet-mediated hyperthermia was applied to one side only, leaving the other side as a control. The changes in tumor growth were observed. Our results demonstrated that magnet-mediated hyperthermia at a higher temperature inhibited the growth of carcinosarcoma at the site of treatment. Furthermore, the growth of the carcinosarcoma on the untreated side was also inhibited. The expression levels of proliferating cell nuclear antigen were decreased in the hyperthermia group, which was more significant in the higher temperature test group. Flow cytometric analysis showed an increased number of CD4- and CD8-positive T cells, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay showed increased levels of interferon-γ and interleukin-2 in the higher temperature group. These results suggested that magnet-mediated hyperthermia at a higher temperature (50-55°C) can improve the abscopal antitumor effects and stimulate a greater endogenous immune response in carcinosarcoma-bearing rats.

  18. Demonstration of a two-color 320×256 quantum dots-in-a-well focal plane array

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Varley, Eric S.; Ramirez, David A.; Brown, Jay S.; Lee, Sang Jun; Stintz, Andreas; Lenz, Michael; Krishna, Sanjay; Reisinger, Axel; Sundaram, Mani

    2007-09-01

    In our research group, we develop novel dots-in-a-well (DWELL) photodetectors that are a hybrid of the quantum dot infrared photodetector (QDIP). The DWELL detector consists of an active region composed of InAs quantum dots embedded in InGaAs quantum wells. By adjusting the InGaAs well thickness, our structure allows for the manipulation of the operating wavelength and the nature of the transitions (bound-to-bound, bound-to-quasibound and bound-to-continuum) of the detector. Based on these principles, DWELL samples were grown using molecular beam epitaxy and fabricated into 320 x 256 focal plane arrays (FPAs) with Indium bumps using standard lithography at the University of New Mexico. The FPA evaluated was hybridized to an Indigo 9705 readout integrated circuit (ROIC) in collaboration with QmagiQ LLC and tested with a CamIRa TM system manufactured by SE-IR Corp. From this evaluation, we report the first two-color, co-located quantum dot based imaging system that can be used to take multicolor images using a single FPA. We demonstrated that we can operate the device at an intermediate bias (V b=-1.25 V) and obtain two color response from the FPA at 77K. Using filter lenses, both MWIR and LWIR responses were obtained from the array at the same bias voltage. The MWIR and LWIR responses are thought to be from bound states in the dot to higher and lower lying states in the quantum well respectively. Temporal NEDT for the DWELL FPA was measured to be 80mK at 77K.

  19. Enhancement of photodynamic therapy due to hyperbaric hyperoxia: an experimental study of Walker 256 tumors in rats

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nicola, Jorge H.; Colussi, Valdir C.; Nicola, Ester M. D.; Metze, Konradin

    1997-05-01

    Photodynamic therapy (PDT), which is now an approved treatment for many types of cancers, is based on the simultaneous involvement of three factors, namely: tumor tissue retention of a specific photosensitizer; local illumination of the lesion with a visible light source and the occurrence of oxygen in the triplet state. Theoretically, a change in any one of these factors may be compensated by a change in the other two factors, leading to the same therapeutic result. In practice, this is not true, since we are dealing with living tissue, but we may expect to find an ideal combination of these three factors which may give the best clinical results. In this work we present experimental results of PDT under Hyperbaric hyperoxia (HBO) in tumor masses of the dorsal subcutaneous tissue of rats. These tumors were created by previous inoculation of 'Walker 256' neoplastic cells Hematoporphyrin Ester (HpE) was administered as the photosensitizer. The rats were pressurized at up to 3 atm with a 100 percent continuous oxygen ventilation environment in a specially designed hyperbaric chamber. The skin area above the tumor was photosensitized for 45 minutes with a 7 mw HeNe laser. Twenty four hours later, the tumor was removed for study. In all the animals treated with PDT/HBO histology revealed a very important reduction in the number of tumor cells as compared with the PDT controls in normal atmospheric condition, showing numerous apoptotic as well as necrotic cells at the border of the radiated area. The observed enhancement in the PDT for this situation is, of course, related to the extra oxygen in the circulatory system.

  20. Determining the half-lives of /sup 253/Es, /sup 254/Es, /sup 254m/Es, /sup 255/Es, /sup 257/Es, /sup 256/Fm

    SciTech Connect

    Popov, Yu.S.; Timofeev, G.A.; Mishenev, V.B.; Kovantsev, V.N.; Elesin, A.A.

    1988-03-01

    Semiconductor alpha, gamma, and x-ray spectrometry has been used to identify einsteinium and fermium isotopes having mass numbers 253-257 in californium targets irradiated in the central channel of the high-flux SM-2 reactor. Half-life measurements have been made for /sup 253/Es, /sup 254/Es, /sup 254m/Es, /sup 255/Es, /sup 257/Es, /sup 256/Fm. The measurements are compared with published data.

  1. 2.56 Tbit/s/ch (640 Gbaud) polarization-multiplexed DQPSK non-coherent Nyquist pulse transmission over 525 km.

    PubMed

    Harako, Koudai; Seya, Daiki; Suzuki, Daiki; Hirooka, Toshihiko; Nakazawa, Masataka

    2015-11-30

    We demonstrate a single-channel 2.56 Tbit/s polarization-multiplexed DQPSK transmission using 640 Gbaud non-coherent optical Nyquist pulses. By virtue of a large tolerance to polarization-mode dispersion, the detrimental depolarization-induced crosstalk was reduced by 3.8 dB compared with RZ pulses. As a result, the transmission distance was substantially extended to 525 km compared with the distance of 300 km obtained with a Gaussian pulse.

  2. Effect of a high-intensity exercise training on the metabolism and function of macrophages and lymphocytes of walker 256 tumor bearing rats.

    PubMed

    Bacurau, Aline Villa Nova; Belmonte, Mônica Aparecida; Navarro, Francisco; Moraes, Milton Rocha; Pontes, Francisco Luciano; Pesquero, Jorge Luiz; Araújo, Ronaldo Carvalho; Bacurau, Reury Frank Pereira

    2007-11-01

    Epidemiologic studies suggest that moderately intense training promotes augmented immune function, whereas strenuous exercise can cause immunosupression. Because the combat of cancer requires high immune function, high-intensity exercise could negatively affect the host organism; however, despite the epidemiologic data, there is a lack of experimental evidence to show that high-intensity training is harmful to the immune system. Therefore, we tested the influence of high-intensity treadmill training (10 weeks, 5 days/week, 30 mins/day, 85% VO(2)max) on immune system function and tumor development in Walker 256 tumor-bearing Wistar rats. The metabolism of glucose and glutamine in lymphocytes and macrophages was assessed, in addition to some functional parameters such as hydrogen peroxide production, phagocytosis, and lymphocyte proliferative responses. The metabolism of Walker 256 cells was also investigated. Results demonstrated that high-intensity training increased the life span of tumor-bearing rats, promoted a reduction in tumor mass, and prevented indicators of cachexia. Several changes, such as a reduction in body weight and food intake and activation of glutamine metabolism in macrophages and lymphocytes induced by the presence of Walker 256 tumor, were prevented by high intensity training. The reduction in tumor growth was associated with an impairment of tumor cell glucose and glutamine metabolism. These data suggest that high-intensity exercise training may be a viable strategy against tumors. PMID:17959841

  3. 12. 3-min /sup 256/Cf and 43-min /sup 258/Md and systematics of the spontaneous fission propertiesof heavy nuclides

    SciTech Connect

    Hoffman, D.C.; Wilhelmy, J.B.; Weber, J.; Daniels, W.R.; Hulet, E.K.; Lougheed, R.W.; Landrum, J.H.; Wild, J.F.; Dupzyk, R.J.

    1980-03-01

    The new isotope 12.3-min /sup 256/Cf was produced via the /sup 254/Cf(t,p) reaction, and a new 43-min isomer of /sup 258/Md was produced via the /sup 255/Es(..cap alpha..,n) reaction. The fragment mass and kinetic energy distributions from the spontaneous fission of /sup 256/Cf were found to be very similar to those from the spontaneous fission of lighter Cf isotopes. The mass division is primarily asymmetric, and the average total kinetic energy is 189.8 +- 0.9 MeV. The 43-min /sup 258/Md presumably decays by electron capture and provides an opportunity to study the mass and kinetic energy distributions from the spontaneous fission of the 380-..mu..s /sup 258/Fm daughter. The observed narrow, symmetric mass distribution and the most probable total kinetic energy of 238 +- 3 MeV are similar to those reported for the spontaneous fission of /sup 259/Fm but show a sharp increase in symmetric mass division and total kinetic energy compared to /sup 257/Fm and the lighter Fm isotopes. No such abrupt change in properties was observed for /sup 256/Cf, which, like /sup 258/Fm, has 158 neutrons. The marked difference between the spontaneous fission properties of the heavier Fm isotopes and those of other spontaneously fissioning nuclides is compared to some theoretical predictions.

  4. Chemical and nuclear properties of lawrencium (element 103) and hahnium (element 105)

    SciTech Connect

    Henderson, R.A.

    1990-09-10

    The chemical and nuclear properties of Lr and Ha have been studied, using 3-minute {sup 260}Lr and 35-second {sup 262}Ha. The crystal ionic radius of Lr{sup 3+} was determined by comparing its elution position from a cation-exchange resin column with those of lanthanide elements having known ionic radii. Comparisons are made to the ionic radii of the heavy actinides, Am{sup 3+} through Es{sup 3+}, obtained by x-ray diffraction methods, and to Md{sup 3+} and Fm{sup 3+} which were determined in the same manner as Lr{sup 3+}. The hydration enthalpy of {minus}3622 kJ/mol was calculated from the crystal ionic radius using an empirical form of the Born equation. Comparisons to the spacings between the ionic radii of the heaviest members of the lanthanide series show that the 2Z spacing between Lr{sup 3+} and Md{sup 3+} is anomalously small, as the ionic radius of Lr{sup 3+} of 0.0886 nm is significantly smaller than had been expected. The chemical properties of Ha were determined relative to the lighter homologs in group 5, Nb and Ta. Group 4 and group 5 tracer activities, as well as Ha, were absorbed onto glass surfaces as a first step toward the determination of the chemical properties of Ha. Ha was found to adsorb on surfaces, a chemical property unique to the group 5 elements, and as such demonstrates that Ha has the chemical properties of a group 5 element. A solvent extraction procedure was adapted for use as a micro-scale chemical procedure to examine whether or not Ha displays eka-Ta-like chemical under conditions where Ta will be extracted into the organic phase and Nb will not. Under the conditions of this experiment Ha did not extract, and does not show eka-Ta-like chemical properties.

  5. MT3250BA: a 320×256-50µm snapshot microbolometer ROIC for high-resistance detector arrays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eminoglu, Selim; Akin, Tayfun

    2013-06-01

    This paper reports the development of a new microbolometer readout integrated circuit (MT3250BA) designed for high-resistance detector arrays. MT3250BA is the first microbolometer readout integrated circuit (ROIC) product from Mikro-Tasarim Ltd., which is a fabless IC design house specialized in the development of monolithic CMOS imaging sensors and ROICs for hybrid photonic imaging sensors and microbolometers. MT3250BA has a format of 320 × 256 and a pixel pitch of 50 µm, developed with a system-on-chip architecture in mind, where all the timing and biasing for this ROIC are generated on-chip without requiring any external inputs. MT3250BA is a highly configurable ROIC, where many of its features can be programmed through a 3-wire serial interface allowing on-the-fly configuration of many ROIC features. MT3250BA has 2 analog video outputs and 1 analog reference output for pseudo-differential operation, and the ROIC can be programmed to operate in the 1 or 2-output modes. A unique feature of MT3250BA is that it performs snapshot readout operation; therefore, the image quality will only be limited by the thermal time constant of the detector pixels, but not by the scanning speed of the ROIC, as commonly found in the conventional microbolometer ROICs performing line-by-line (rolling-line) readout operation. The signal integration is performed at the pixel level in parallel for the whole array, and signal integration time can be programmed from 0.1 µs up to 100 ms in steps of 0.1 µs. The ROIC is designed to work with high-resistance detector arrays with pixel resistance values higher than 250 kΩ. The detector bias voltage can be programmed on-chip over a 2 V range with a resolution of 1 mV. The ROIC has a measured input referred noise of 260 µV rms at 300 K. The ROIC can be used to build a microbolometer infrared sensor with an NETD value below 100 mK using a microbolometer detector array fabrication technology with a high detector resistance value (≥ 250 K

  6. Structure properties of {sup 226}Th and {sup 256,258,260}Fm fission fragments: Mean-field analysis with the Gogny force

    SciTech Connect

    Dubray, N.; Goutte, H.; Delaroche, J.-P.

    2008-01-15

    The constrained Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov method is used with the Gogny interaction D1S to calculate potential energy surfaces of fissioning nuclei {sup 226}Th and {sup 256,258,260}Fm up to very large deformations. The constraints employed are the mass quadrupole and octupole moments. In this subspace of collective coordinates, many scission configurations are identified ranging from symmetric to highly asymmetric fragmentations. Corresponding fragment properties at scission are derived yielding fragment deformations, deformation energies, energy partitioning, neutron binding energies at scission, neutron multiplicities, charge polarization, and total fragment kinetic energies.

  7. Ionospheric disturbances during November 30-December 1, 1988. III - Some features of ionospheric disturbances observed through the Digisonde 256 system and routine ionosondes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Igi, Seiji; Minakoshi, Hisamitsu; Nagayama, Mikitoshi; Kato, Hisao; Takeuchi, Tetsuo

    1992-07-01

    The ionospheric structure at Kokubunji was investigated using ionograms observed during the period of ionospheric disturbances between November 30 and December 1, 1988 using the Digisonde 256 system and routine ionosondes. A noteworthy finding during this period was the observation of satellite traces, which began to be observed from about 1303UT and abruptly disappeared at about 1703UT. A sequential plot of virtual height clarifies that the observation of the satellite traces indicates the existence of TIDs (traveling ionospheric disturbances). Remarkable electron density increases at night were observed up to the latitude of Akita station. Sporadic E-layers were often observed, which is unusual during winter.

  8. The HST Snapshot Survey of Nearby Dwarf Galaxy Candidates. VI. KK83 and KK256, Two Contrasting Galaxies Beyond the Fringe.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hodge, P. W.; Dolphin, A. E.; Geisler, D.; Grebel, E. K.; Guhathakurta, P.; Karachentsev, I. D.; Karachentseva, V. E.; Sarajedini, A.; Seitzer, P.

    1999-12-01

    The fringe of the Local Group lies somewhere a little beyond 1 Mpc from the center of mass. Galaxies near and beyond the fringe have received relatively little attention compared to the nearer, Local Group members. This poster describes the properties of two very different dwarf galaxies just beyond the fringe, KK83 and KK256 (Karachentseva & Karachentsev 1998, A&AS, 127, 409). KK83 is morphologically very much like Local Group dwarf spheroidals in structure and it has a population that is dominated by very old stars. On the other hand, KK256 is morphologically similar to Local Group dwarf irregular galaxies, such as IC 1613. It has no bar, but consists of an irregular arrangement of old stars upon which are superimposed eight regions containing younger stars and H ii regions. Support for this work was provided by NASA through grant GO-08192.97A from the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS5-26555. EKG acknowledges support by NASA through grant HF-01108.01-98A from the Space Telescope Science Institute. EKG and IDK are supported by the Henri Chrétien International Research Grant administered by the American Astronomical Society. PG is an Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellow.

  9. New Member of the V1V2-Directed CAP256-VRC26 Lineage That Shows Increased Breadth and Exceptional Potency

    PubMed Central

    Doria-Rose, Nicole A.; Bhiman, Jinal N.; Roark, Ryan S.; Schramm, Chaim A.; Gorman, Jason; Chuang, Gwo-Yu; Pancera, Marie; Cale, Evan M.; Ernandes, Michael J.; Louder, Mark K.; Asokan, Mangaiarkarasi; Bailer, Robert T.; Druz, Aliaksandr; Fraschilla, Isabella R.; Garrett, Nigel J.; Jarosinski, Marissa; Lynch, Rebecca M.; McKee, Krisha; O'Dell, Sijy; Pegu, Amarendra; Schmidt, Stephen D.; Staupe, Ryan P.; Sutton, Matthew S.; Wang, Keyun; Wibmer, Constantinos Kurt; Haynes, Barton F.; Abdool-Karim, Salim; Shapiro, Lawrence; Kwong, Peter D.; Moore, Penny L.; Morris, Lynn

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT The epitopes defined by HIV-1 broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) are valuable templates for vaccine design, and studies of the immunological development of these antibodies are providing insights for vaccination strategies. In addition, the most potent and broadly reactive of these bNAbs have potential for clinical use. We previously described a family of 12 V1V2-directed neutralizing antibodies, CAP256-VRC26, isolated from an HIV-1 clade C-infected donor at years 1, 2, and 4 of infection (N. A. Doria-Rose et al., Nature 509:55–62, 2014, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature13036). Here, we report on the isolation and characterization of new members of the family mostly obtained at time points of peak serum neutralization breadth and potency. Thirteen antibodies were isolated from B cell culture, and eight were isolated using trimeric envelope probes for differential single B cell sorting. One of the new antibodies displayed a 10-fold greater neutralization potency than previously published lineage members. This antibody, CAP256-VRC26.25, neutralized 57% of diverse clade viral isolates and 70% of clade C isolates with remarkable potency. Among the viruses neutralized, the median 50% inhibitory concentration was 0.001 μg/ml. All 33 lineage members targeted a quaternary epitope focused on V2. While all known bNAbs targeting the V1V2 region interact with the N160 glycan, the CAP256-VRC26 antibodies showed an inverse correlation of neutralization potency with dependence on this glycan. Overall, our results highlight the ongoing evolution within a single antibody lineage and describe more potent and broadly neutralizing members with potential clinical utility, particularly in areas where clade C is prevalent. IMPORTANCE Studies of HIV-1 broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) provide valuable information for vaccine design, and the most potent and broadly reactive of these bNAbs have potential for clinical use. We previously described a family of V1V2

  10. Effect of methionine replacement by homocystine in cultures containing both malignant rat breast carcinosarcoma (Walker-256) cells and normal adult rat liver fibroblasts.

    PubMed

    Halpern, B C; Ezzell, R; Hardy, D N; Clark, B R; Ashe, H; Halpern, R M; Smith, R A

    1975-01-01

    When malignant W-256 rat breast carcinosarcoma cells are mixed with an equal number of normal adult rat liver fibroblasts and allowed to grow in a medium containing sufficient L-methionine and an excess of vitamin B12 and of folic acid, the malignant cells outgrow the normal cells, and within 2 weeks the tissue culture flasks contain only neoplastic cells. However, when ample DL-homocystine or homocysteine replaces methionine in the medium containing the same amount of vitamin B12 and folic acid, and seeded with the same type and number of malignant and normal cells, the malignant cells die and the normal cells thrive. Substantiating this conclusion are the results of injections into rats of comparable numbers of cells from each group after 3 weeks of growth in tissue culture. Fatal malignancies are produced by the homocystein-cultivated cells.

  11. A novel chromatic dispersion monitoring method for 400 Gbit/s 256 QAM fiber-optic system based on asynchronous amplitude sampling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Hui-jun; Zhu, Bo; Liu, Guo-qing; Shen, Jia-wei; Hu, Fang-ren

    2015-11-01

    A novel chromatic dispersion (CD) monitoring technique based on asynchronous amplitude sampling (AAS) is proposed for a higher modulation format and higher rate system. The dispersion and other impairment factors can be separated with the definition of monitoring parameter M. A 400 Gbit/s 256 quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) system is built using Optisystem13.0 beta software. Simulations of CD monitoring technique for different bandwidths of sampling Gaussian filter, optical signal to noise ratios ( OSNRs) and duty cycles are investigated, and the tolerance is also discussed. Simulation results show that the method can be less affected by noise, and a higher accuracy of 600 ps/(nm·km) can be achieved. The technique supports a wide range of data traffic and enhances operation flexibility of optical networks.

  12. Tumor growth reduction is regulated at the gene level in Walker 256 tumor-bearing rats supplemented with fish oil rich in EPA and DHA.

    PubMed

    Borghetti, G; Yamazaki, R K; Coelho, I; Pequito, D C T; Schiessel, D L; Kryczyk, M; Mamus, R; Naliwaiko, K; Fernandes, L C

    2013-08-01

    We investigated the effect of fish oil (FO) supplementation on tumor growth, cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), and RelA gene and protein expression in Walker 256 tumor-bearing rats. Male Wistar rats (70 days old) were fed with regular chow (group W) or chow supplemented with 1 g/kg body weight FO daily (group WFO) until they reached 100 days of age. Both groups were then inoculated with a suspension of Walker 256 ascitic tumor cells (3 × 10(7) cells/mL). After 14 days the rats were killed, total RNA was isolated from the tumor tissue, and relative mRNA expression was measured using the 2(-ΔΔCT) method. FO significantly decreased tumor growth (W=13.18 ± 1.58 vs WFO=5.40 ± 0.88 g, P<0.05). FO supplementation also resulted in a significant decrease in COX-2 (W=100.1 ± 1.62 vs WFO=59.39 ± 5.53, P<0.001) and PPARγ (W=100.4 ± 1.04 vs WFO=88.22 ± 1.46, P<0.05) protein expression. Relative mRNA expression was W=1.06 ± 0.022 vs WFO=0.31 ± 0.04 (P<0.001) for COX-2, W=1.08 ± 0.02 vs WFO=0.52 ± 0.08 (P<0.001) for PPARγ, and W=1.04 ± 0.02 vs WFO=0.82 ± 0.04 (P<0.05) for RelA. FO reduced tumor growth by attenuating inflammatory gene expression associated with carcinogenesis.

  13. 47 CFR 15.256 - Operation of level probing radars within the bands 5.925-7.250 GHz, 24.05-29.00 GHz, and 75-85 GHz.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Operation of level probing radars within the..., Additional Provisions § 15.256 Operation of level probing radars within the bands 5.925-7.250 GHz, 24.05-29.00 GHz, and 75-85 GHz. (a) Operation under this section is limited to level probing radar...

  14. Plasminogen Substrate Recognition by the Streptokinase-Plasminogen Catalytic Complex Is Facilitated by Arg253, Lys256, and Lys257 in the Streptokinase β-Domain and Kringle 5 of the Substrate*

    PubMed Central

    Tharp, Anthony C.; Laha, Malabika; Panizzi, Peter; Thompson, Michael W.; Fuentes-Prior, Pablo; Bock, Paul E.

    2009-01-01

    Streptokinase (SK) conformationally activates the central zymogen of the fibrinolytic system, plasminogen (Pg). The SK·Pg* catalytic complex binds Pg as a specific substrate and cleaves it into plasmin (Pm), which binds SK to form the SK·Pm complex that propagates Pm generation. Catalytic complex formation is dependent on lysine-binding site (LBS) interactions between a Pg/Pm kringle and the SK COOH-terminal Lys414. Pg substrate recognition is also LBS-dependent, but the kringle and SK structural element(s) responsible have not been identified. SK mutants lacking Lys414 with Ala substitutions of charged residues in the SK β-domain 250-loop were evaluated in kinetic studies that resolved conformational and proteolytic Pg activation. Activation of [Lys]Pg and mini-Pg (containing only kringle 5 of Pg) by SK with Ala substitutions of Arg253, Lys256, and Lys257 showed decreases in the bimolecular rate constant for Pm generation, with nearly total inhibition for the SK Lys256/Lys257 double mutant. Binding of bovine Pg (BPg) to the SK·Pm complex containing fluorescently labeled Pm demonstrated LBS-dependent assembly of a SK·labeled Pm·BPg ternary complex, whereas BPg did not bind to the complex containing the SK Lys256/Lys257 mutant. BPg was activated by SK·Pm with a Km indistinguishable from the KD for BPg binding to form the ternary complex, whereas the SK Lys256/Lys257 mutant did not support BPg activation. We conclude that SK residues Arg253, Lys256, and Lys257 mediate Pg substrate recognition through kringle 5 of the [Lys]Pg and mini-Pg substrates. A molecular model of the SK·kringle 5 complex identifies the putative interactions involved in LBS-dependent Pg substrate recognition. PMID:19473980

  15. Coronary Stent Artifact Reduction with an Edge-Enhancing Reconstruction Kernel – A Prospective Cross-Sectional Study with 256-Slice CT

    PubMed Central

    Tan, Stéphanie; Soulez, Gilles; Diez Martinez, Patricia; Larrivée, Sandra; Stevens, Louis-Mathieu; Goussard, Yves; Mansour, Samer; Chartrand-Lefebvre, Carl

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Metallic artifacts can result in an artificial thickening of the coronary stent wall which can significantly impair computed tomography (CT) imaging in patients with coronary stents. The objective of this study is to assess in vivo visualization of coronary stent wall and lumen with an edge-enhancing CT reconstruction kernel, as compared to a standard kernel. Methods This is a prospective cross-sectional study involving the assessment of 71 coronary stents (24 patients), with blinded observers. After 256-slice CT angiography, image reconstruction was done with medium-smooth and edge-enhancing kernels. Stent wall thickness was measured with both orthogonal and circumference methods, averaging thickness from diameter and circumference measurements, respectively. Image quality was assessed quantitatively using objective parameters (noise, signal to noise (SNR) and contrast to noise (CNR) ratios), as well as visually using a 5-point Likert scale. Results Stent wall thickness was decreased with the edge-enhancing kernel in comparison to the standard kernel, either with the orthogonal (0.97 ± 0.02 versus 1.09 ± 0.03 mm, respectively; p<0.001) or the circumference method (1.13 ± 0.02 versus 1.21 ± 0.02 mm, respectively; p = 0.001). The edge-enhancing kernel generated less overestimation from nominal thickness compared to the standard kernel, both with the orthogonal (0.89 ± 0.19 versus 1.00 ± 0.26 mm, respectively; p<0.001) and the circumference (1.06 ± 0.26 versus 1.13 ± 0.31 mm, respectively; p = 0.005) methods. The edge-enhancing kernel was associated with lower SNR and CNR, as well as higher background noise (all p < 0.001), in comparison to the medium-smooth kernel. Stent visual scores were higher with the edge-enhancing kernel (p<0.001). Conclusion In vivo 256-slice CT assessment of coronary stents shows that the edge-enhancing CT reconstruction kernel generates thinner stent walls, less overestimation from nominal thickness, and better image quality

  16. Coronary Plaque Characteristics Assessed by 256-Slice Coronary CT Angiography and Association with High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein in Symptomatic Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Jinling; Lv, Zhehao; Zhao, Deli; Liu, Lili; Wan, Yong; Fan, Tingting; Li, Huimin; Guan, Ying; Liu, Bailu

    2016-01-01

    Little is known regarding plaque distribution, composition, and the association with inflammation in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). This study aimed to assess the relationship between coronary plaque subtypes and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels. Coronary CTA were performed in 98 symptomatic DM2 patients and 107 non-DM2 patients using a 256-slice CT. The extent and types of plaque as well as luminal narrowing were evaluated. Patients with DM2 were more likely to have significant stenosis (>50%) with calcified plaques in at least one coronary segment (p < 0.01); the prevalence rates of diffuse calcified plaques in the DM2 and non-DM2 groups were 31.6% and 4.7%, respectively (p < 0.01). Plasma hs-CRP levels in DM2 with calcified plaques were higher compared with values obtained for the non-DM2 group (p < 0.01). In conclusion, combination of coronary CTA and hs-CRP might improve risk stratification in symptomatic DM2 patients. PMID:27579325

  17. Fission of /sup 255,256/Es, /sup 255en-dash257/Fm, and /sup 258/Md at moderate excitation energies

    SciTech Connect

    Britt, H.C.; Hoffman, D.C.; van der Plicht, J.; Wilhelmy, J.B.; Cheifetz, E.; Dupzyk, R.J.; Lougheed, R.W.

    1984-08-01

    The fission of /sup 255,256/Es, /sup 255en-dash257/Fm, and /sup 258/Md has been studied in the excitation energy range from threshold to 25 MeV. A target of /sup 254/Es was used in the direct reaction studies; (d,pf), (t,pf), (/sup 3/He,df), (/sup 3/He,pf), and in the compound induced fission reactions formed with p, d, t, and ..cap alpha.. particle projectiles. Coincident fission fragment energies were recorded along with (in the direct reaction studies) the outgoing light charged particle. The mass and kinetic energy distributions were studied as a function of nuclear excitation energy. The observed bulk properties were consistent with established systematics in that they exhibited an asymmetric mass distribution and a phenomenologically consistent total kinetic energy. However, the systems demonstrated a fission decay mode which we ascribe to high energy symmetric fission decay. This component, though somewhat arbitrary in its definition, showed a general decrease in yield as a function of increasing nuclear excitation energy. This observed rapid change in fission properties between ''normal'' and high energy symmetric fission probably points to the important observable consequences that can occur from small variations in the potential energy surface.

  18. Flexible non-volatile optical memory thin-film transistor device with over 256 distinct levels based on an organic bicomponent blend.

    PubMed

    Leydecker, Tim; Herder, Martin; Pavlica, Egon; Bratina, Gvido; Hecht, Stefan; Orgiu, Emanuele; Samorì, Paolo

    2016-09-01

    Organic nanomaterials are attracting a great deal of interest for use in flexible electronic applications such as logic circuits, displays and solar cells. These technologies have already demonstrated good performances, but flexible organic memories are yet to deliver on all their promise in terms of volatility, operational voltage, write/erase speed, as well as the number of distinct attainable levels. Here, we report a multilevel non-volatile flexible optical memory thin-film transistor based on a blend of a reference polymer semiconductor, namely poly(3-hexylthiophene), and a photochromic diarylethene, switched with ultraviolet and green light irradiation. A three-terminal device featuring over 256 (8 bit storage) distinct current levels was fabricated, the memory states of which could be switched with 3 ns laser pulses. We also report robustness over 70 write-erase cycles and non-volatility exceeding 500 days. The device was implemented on a flexible polyethylene terephthalate substrate, validating the concept for integration into wearable electronics and smart nanodevices.

  19. Flexible non-volatile optical memory thin-film transistor device with over 256 distinct levels based on an organic bicomponent blend.

    PubMed

    Leydecker, Tim; Herder, Martin; Pavlica, Egon; Bratina, Gvido; Hecht, Stefan; Orgiu, Emanuele; Samorì, Paolo

    2016-09-01

    Organic nanomaterials are attracting a great deal of interest for use in flexible electronic applications such as logic circuits, displays and solar cells. These technologies have already demonstrated good performances, but flexible organic memories are yet to deliver on all their promise in terms of volatility, operational voltage, write/erase speed, as well as the number of distinct attainable levels. Here, we report a multilevel non-volatile flexible optical memory thin-film transistor based on a blend of a reference polymer semiconductor, namely poly(3-hexylthiophene), and a photochromic diarylethene, switched with ultraviolet and green light irradiation. A three-terminal device featuring over 256 (8 bit storage) distinct current levels was fabricated, the memory states of which could be switched with 3 ns laser pulses. We also report robustness over 70 write-erase cycles and non-volatility exceeding 500 days. The device was implemented on a flexible polyethylene terephthalate substrate, validating the concept for integration into wearable electronics and smart nanodevices. PMID:27323302

  20. Flexible non-volatile optical memory thin-film transistor device with over 256 distinct levels based on an organic bicomponent blend

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leydecker, Tim; Herder, Martin; Pavlica, Egon; Bratina, Gvido; Hecht, Stefan; Orgiu, Emanuele; Samorì, Paolo

    2016-09-01

    Organic nanomaterials are attracting a great deal of interest for use in flexible electronic applications such as logic circuits, displays and solar cells. These technologies have already demonstrated good performances, but flexible organic memories are yet to deliver on all their promise in terms of volatility, operational voltage, write/erase speed, as well as the number of distinct attainable levels. Here, we report a multilevel non-volatile flexible optical memory thin-film transistor based on a blend of a reference polymer semiconductor, namely poly(3-hexylthiophene), and a photochromic diarylethene, switched with ultraviolet and green light irradiation. A three-terminal device featuring over 256 (8 bit storage) distinct current levels was fabricated, the memory states of which could be switched with 3 ns laser pulses. We also report robustness over 70 write-erase cycles and non-volatility exceeding 500 days. The device was implemented on a flexible polyethylene terephthalate substrate, validating the concept for integration into wearable electronics and smart nanodevices.