Science.gov

Sample records for legends

  1. Indian Legends.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gurnoe, Katherine J.; Skjervold, Christian, Ed.

    Presenting American Indian legends, this material provides insight into the cultural background of the Dakota, Ojibwa, and Winnebago people. Written in a straightforward manner, each of the eight legends is associated with an Indian group. The legends included here are titled as follows: Minnesota is Minabozho's Land (Ojibwa); How We Got the…

  2. Myths & Legends.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frese, Millie K., Ed.

    1999-01-01

    "The Goldfinch" is a periodical that introduces young children to various facets of Iowa history. Each issue has a different theme topic and a number of articles covering diverse aspects of the topic being addressed. This issue focuses on myths and legends. Featured articles discuss how stories passed from generation to generation to reveal clues…

  3. Downriver Indians' Legends.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Ruth, Ed.; Exline, Jesse

    Yurok Indian legends in Yurok Unifon text include English translations of the entire texts in order to produce fluent reading for English speakers and a continuous text for Yurok readers. Although corresponding sentences are numbered, translation is not word-for-word or sentence-for-sentence. The five stories refer to a time when animals could…

  4. Legends of Native Americans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flagg, Ann

    1999-01-01

    Presents a theme unit that includes elementary-level, cross-curricular lessons about lifestyle, belief systems, traditions, and history of Native Americans. The unit includes a poster which offers a traditional Cherokee story, literature on Native American legends, and a variety of cross-curricular activities. The unit ends with students writing…

  5. Legends of the Academy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hernandez, Arelis

    2009-01-01

    For this special edition on "Higher Education Careers," "Diverse" caught up with some legends whose careers have made an indelible impact on the academy. "Diverse" found that even in retirement, or semi-retirement, these pioneers never venture far from the passions that made them great educators and diversity advocates. This article features four…

  6. Legends in Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lepore, Marla

    2012-01-01

    When ISA-The Association of Learning Providers honored its "First Generation Legends" at its Annual Business Retreat this past spring, it was a gathering of some of the Who's Who of the learning industry. In this article, ten of the training industry's most successful professionals reveal their success drivers and talk about how to effectively…

  7. Academic urban legends

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Many of the messages presented in respectable scientific publications are, in fact, based on various forms of rumors. Some of these rumors appear so frequently, and in such complex, colorful, and entertaining ways that we can think of them as academic urban legends. The explanation for this phenomenon is usually that authors have lazily, sloppily, or fraudulently employed sources, and peer reviewers and editors have not discovered these weaknesses in the manuscripts during evaluation. To illustrate this phenomenon, I draw upon a remarkable case in which a decimal point error appears to have misled millions into believing that spinach is a good nutritional source of iron. Through this example, I demonstrate how an academic urban legend can be conceived and born, and can continue to grow and reproduce within academia and beyond. PMID:25272616

  8. Academic urban legends.

    PubMed

    Rekdal, Ole Bjørn

    2014-08-01

    Many of the messages presented in respectable scientific publications are, in fact, based on various forms of rumors. Some of these rumors appear so frequently, and in such complex, colorful, and entertaining ways that we can think of them as academic urban legends. The explanation for this phenomenon is usually that authors have lazily, sloppily, or fraudulently employed sources, and peer reviewers and editors have not discovered these weaknesses in the manuscripts during evaluation. To illustrate this phenomenon, I draw upon a remarkable case in which a decimal point error appears to have misled millions into believing that spinach is a good nutritional source of iron. Through this example, I demonstrate how an academic urban legend can be conceived and born, and can continue to grow and reproduce within academia and beyond.

  9. Legend of Wan Hoo

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    According to one ancient legend, a Chinese official named Wan Hoo attempted a flight to the moon using a large wicker chair to which were fastened 47 large rockets. Forty seven assistants, each armed with a torch, rushed forward to light the fuses. In a moment, there was a tremendous roar accompanied by billowing clouds of smoke. When the smoke cleared, the flying chair and Wan Hoo were gone.

  10. Pharmacy compounding urban legends.

    PubMed

    Kastango, Eric S

    2006-01-01

    This article reviews and clarifies a small sampling of the myths, or urban legends, about compounding. Included are comments on United sTates Pharmacopeia Chapter 797, environmental issues related to sterile compounding, and suggested resources for clarification of some of these myths. This article recommends a knowledge-based partnership between compounding pharmacists and pharmaceutical manufacturers to improve compounding activities and quality assurance methods to ensure that compounded medications are safe.

  11. Exploring Arthurian Legend [Lesson Plan].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2000

    The border between fact and fiction becomes blurred in legend, stories which themselves have a history, and in their evolving shape they carry the imprint of all the hands that passed them. Through the Internet, students can track the growth of a legend like that of King Arthur, from its emergence in the so-called Dark Ages to its arrival on the…

  12. Retelling urban legends.

    PubMed

    Fox Tree, Jean E; Weldon, Mary Susan

    2007-01-01

    We explored factors influencing the retelling of urban legends. As predicted by prior work, people retold truthful and scary stories. But people also retold well-known stories. This contrasts with the expectation that people would not pass on a story that everyone already knew. Also as predicted by prior work, repeating a story increased its credibility. But repeating also increased a story's importance, scariness, and likelihood of retelling. In general, contextualizing a story and increasing the number of details did not affect the likelihood of retelling a story. The exception was that details increased the likelihood of retelling a newly heard story. However, if people read a story with context or details, more contextual elements and details were included in their retellings. At the same time, people confabulated details to an equal degree no matter what type of embellishments they had read.

  13. World Myths & Legends in Art.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    Myths are stories that explain why the world is the way it is. All cultures have them. Throughout history, artists have been inspired by myths and legends and have given them visual form. Sometimes these works of art are the only surviving record of what particular cultures believed and valued. But even where written records or oral traditions…

  14. Skyrocketing Scores: An Urban Legend

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krashen, Stephen

    2005-01-01

    A new urban legend claims, "As a result of the state dropping bilingual education, test scores in California skyrocketed." Krashen disputes this theory, pointing out that other factors offer more logical explanations of California's recent improvements in SAT-9 scores. He discusses research on the effects of California's Proposition 227, which…

  15. Leyendas Puertorriquenas, Adaptaciones (Puerto Rican Legends, Adaptations).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodriguez, Aurea; Puigdollers, Carmen

    The Puerto Rican legends presented here have been adapted for use in a bilingual education setting. They are presented in the framework of a Puerto Rican child's first visit to the island with his family. The four legends are: (1) "Carabali"; (2) "Guanina"; (3) "El Penon de las Palomas"; and (4) "La Garita del Diablo." The book is illistrated with…

  16. Pestomuhkati Atkuhkakonol. Espons. (Passamaquoddy Legends. Raccoon).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wabnaki Bilingual Educational Program, Indian Township, ME.

    This illustrated reader contains a Passamaquoddy version of a traditional Wabnaki legend about the raccoon. It is one of a series of readers containing Passamaquoddy legends and is intended for use in a bilingual education setting. Each page presents the text in the Passamaquoddy language and in a literal English translation. A glossary of…

  17. The hand in Irish legend and folklore.

    PubMed

    Mooney, E E; Prendiville, J B

    1991-06-01

    A brief review of the significance of the hand in the mythology, folklore, and religion of Ireland from ancient times is presented. Many of these accounts are also found in the history and legends of other Celtic countries.

  18. Legends about Legends: Abraham Eleazar's Adaptation of Nicolas Flamel.

    PubMed

    Priesner, Claus

    2016-02-01

    This paper explores the relationship between three illustrated alchemical treatises, all of which are associated with Jewish adepts: the famous Le Livre des figures hieroglyphiques attributed to Nicolas Flamel, and two treatises published in 1735 in Erfurt-the Uraltes Chymisches Werckh and the Donum Dei. The Werckh is supposedly written by Rabbi Abraham Eleazar, while the Donum Dei is attributed to an ancient alchemist-cabalist, Rabbi Samuel Baruch. I argue that these authors are fictitious, and that both works were in fact written in the early eighteenth century by their supposed editor, the probably pseudonymous Julius Gervasius. Gervasius connects the Werckh with the legend of Nicolas Flamel by suggesting that it is based on the original, Jewish manuscript which helped Flamel to find the Stone of the Sages. Gervasius used various strategies to confer a sense of Jewish "authenticity" on these works, borrowing from contemporary (non-Jewish) perceptions of Jewish ritual, Hebrew language, and Christian Cabala. The Werckh also borrows and adapts a sequence of allegorical illustrations from those in pseudo-Flamel's Livre, and I compare the two sets of figures and, where possible, interpret them. I conclude that the later works in fact teach us far more about the state of alchemy in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries than they do about either medieval alchemy or Judaism. PMID:27376176

  19. ["Imperial madness" - truth or legend?].

    PubMed

    V Zerssen, D

    2011-03-01

    The notion of "imperial madness" was coined in the historical literature and belles-lettres of the 19th century. Around that time up to the first quarter of the 20th century, it was adopted by a few German psychiatrists. Two of them viewed "imperial madness" as ordinary forms of insanity which became excessive only due to reactions of the social environment. Another one, however, classified it as one of "mental borderland states" in between insanity and normality, although he conceived the final stage of the disorder as a paranoid one. In agreement with the historians he postulated that "imperial madness" resulted from unlimited power of predisposed rulers. In recent times the whole concept of "imperial madness" was referred to the realm of legends by historians of antiquity and other historically interested authors. Yet the existence of the phenomenon cannot be denied. Despite its rarity it has played and is still playing an important role with often catastrophic consequences in various cultures all over the world. Therefore, psychiatrists and other physicians as well as clinical psychologists should be acquainted with it. From a modern point of view, it is not a paranoid disorder but rather a syndrome of addiction-like behavioural excesses representing an intensification of a Hybris syndrome as described by Anglo-Saxon psychiatrists. According to the present authors' view, it should be classified nosologically as a chronic adjustment disorder. In this case, the underlying stresses need to be extended to situations of temptation (here: the temptation to abuse almost unlimited power).

  20. [From teratology to mythology: ancient legends].

    PubMed

    Stahl, A; Tourame, P

    2010-12-01

    The mythology of the Greeks and Romans is full of monsters of fiction: giants, cyclops, centaurs, hydras, Gorgons… The accounts of travelers, reproduced in the Natural History of Pline l'Ancien reported the existence, in distant countries, of men with a dog's head (baboons), of men with a single tall foot (sciapode), beings whose face is embedded in the chest (or acephala blemmyes), to which must be added a wide variety of men with no mouth, no nose, or equipped with giant ears or feet turned backwards, as well as hermaphrodites. Teratology reports on monstrous births, which have constituted the factual basis from which the imagination conceived adults whose morphology corresponds to the monsters of legend. Newborns sirenomelia were behind the legend of sciapode and sirens. Cyclopia have inspired the legend of the cyclops. Anencephaly probably explains the description of headless or blemmyes. The genesis of the legend of baboons may have multiple origins: firstly the existence of people suffering from congenital hypertrichosis, on the other hand, the influence of Egyptian mythology where the god Anubis has a dog's head. The acardiac fetus may explain some monstrous forms, features the work of Hieronymus Bosch. The significance of the monsters of legend, their genesis, their persistence through the ages is complex. By approaching teratology, we added a new field of exploration of real monsters of antiquity and Middle Ages.

  1. [From teratology to mythology: ancient legends].

    PubMed

    Stahl, A; Tourame, P

    2010-12-01

    The mythology of the Greeks and Romans is full of monsters of fiction: giants, cyclops, centaurs, hydras, Gorgons… The accounts of travelers, reproduced in the Natural History of Pline l'Ancien reported the existence, in distant countries, of men with a dog's head (baboons), of men with a single tall foot (sciapode), beings whose face is embedded in the chest (or acephala blemmyes), to which must be added a wide variety of men with no mouth, no nose, or equipped with giant ears or feet turned backwards, as well as hermaphrodites. Teratology reports on monstrous births, which have constituted the factual basis from which the imagination conceived adults whose morphology corresponds to the monsters of legend. Newborns sirenomelia were behind the legend of sciapode and sirens. Cyclopia have inspired the legend of the cyclops. Anencephaly probably explains the description of headless or blemmyes. The genesis of the legend of baboons may have multiple origins: firstly the existence of people suffering from congenital hypertrichosis, on the other hand, the influence of Egyptian mythology where the god Anubis has a dog's head. The acardiac fetus may explain some monstrous forms, features the work of Hieronymus Bosch. The significance of the monsters of legend, their genesis, their persistence through the ages is complex. By approaching teratology, we added a new field of exploration of real monsters of antiquity and Middle Ages. PMID:21074387

  2. 9 CFR 108.5 - Preparation of legends.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    .... Legends shall be provided for each plot plan and each blueprint or drawing. All pages of the legends shall be numbered, identified with corresponding plot plan or blueprint, and submitted in booklet form either stapled together or clipped into a suitable folder. (a) Plot plan legends shall show the...

  3. 9 CFR 108.5 - Preparation of legends.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    .... Legends shall be provided for each plot plan and each blueprint or drawing. All pages of the legends shall be numbered, identified with corresponding plot plan or blueprint, and submitted in booklet form either stapled together or clipped into a suitable folder. (a) Plot plan legends shall show the...

  4. 9 CFR 108.5 - Preparation of legends.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    .... Legends shall be provided for each plot plan and each blueprint or drawing. All pages of the legends shall be numbered, identified with corresponding plot plan or blueprint, and submitted in booklet form either stapled together or clipped into a suitable folder. (a) Plot plan legends shall show the...

  5. 9 CFR 108.5 - Preparation of legends.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    .... Legends shall be provided for each plot plan and each blueprint or drawing. All pages of the legends shall be numbered, identified with corresponding plot plan or blueprint, and submitted in booklet form either stapled together or clipped into a suitable folder. (a) Plot plan legends shall show the...

  6. 9 CFR 108.5 - Preparation of legends.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    .... Legends shall be provided for each plot plan and each blueprint or drawing. All pages of the legends shall be numbered, identified with corresponding plot plan or blueprint, and submitted in booklet form either stapled together or clipped into a suitable folder. (a) Plot plan legends shall show the...

  7. The Onion and "When Legends Die."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Loren C.

    1984-01-01

    Describes the eight layers in Thomas Black Bull's ("When the Legends Die") journey to spiritual rebirth and stresses that students can easily identify these layers and can thereby achieve a clearer understanding of the relationship between structure and meaning in fiction. (CRH)

  8. [The Minnesota Story, American Indian Legends.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minneapolis Public Schools, Minn. Task Force on Minority Cultures.

    This student booklet, one of a series of readings on minority cultures, contains nine Indian folktales. Stories included are: Minnesota is Minabozho's Land, about the way Minnesota was formed; How We Got the Rainbow; How the Birds Came to Have Their Many Colors; The Study of Coyote and Moradjawinga (Earth Wanderer); The Four Winds, A Sioux legend,…

  9. The Galileo Legend as Scientific Folklore.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lessl, Thomas M.

    1999-01-01

    Examines the various ways in which the legend of Galileo's persecution by the Roman Catholic Church diverges from scholarly readings of the Galileo affair. Finds five distinct themes of scientific ideology in the 40 accounts examined. Assesses the part that folklore plays in building and sustaining a professional ideology for the modern scientific…

  10. Sivuqam Ungipaghaatangi (St. Lawrence Island Legends).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slwooko, Grace

    Transmitted orally for generations until the Eskimo language became a written one, the eleven St. Lawrence Island legends compiled in this volume for high school students tell of feats that were accomplished through supernatural power. Meant for both entertainment and instruction, the tales convey wise council indirectly through the conversations…

  11. Leyendas. (Legends.) In English and Spanish with Questions, Vocabulary and Patterns.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLaughlin, Kathy; And Others

    The guide includes the English and Spanish versions of five legends. Ten to twelve questions in Spanish follow each legend. A list of Spanish words taken from each legend is given, along with their English counterparts. Patterns of drawings of the main characters or objects of each legend are also included. The legends are "Pajaro Cu" which is…

  12. Storms of Mediterranean and Atlantic legends

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schoenenwald, N.; Tabeaud, M.

    2009-09-01

    Weather extremes and notably wind storms are very often the channel ones since they are suspected of being the outward signs of climate change. However, even if audiovisual medias talk about wind storms in a very similar way, tales and legends stories account for the richness of their representations. Coastal and insular regions, whatever Atlantic or Mediterranean, are the ones where wind storms are most mentioned. The comparison between the tales and legends of these two regions, with distinct climatic characteristics, allows to underline the similarities and dissimilarities about the impregnation (or impact) of wind storms on these territories. Winds and storms distinguish spaces through vocabulary which can be peculiar to a region. Nevertheless, they also bring them together because above the local cultures is the human thought upon which wind storms create comparable perceptions, whatever the region. Key words: wind storms, Mediterranean regions, Atlantic regions, perceptions, representations.

  13. Misunderstanding Jung: the afterlife of legends.

    PubMed

    Shamdasani, S

    2000-07-01

    F. X. Charet's article, 'Understanding Jung: recent biographies and scholarship', is full of errors and legends. In this article, I demonstrate the tendentiousness of his criticisms of the historical work of Eugene Taylor and myself concerning Jung's linkages with the subliminal psychology of Théodore Flournoy, William James, and F. W. H. Myers, and the fallaciousness of his criticism of my claim that Memories, Dreams, Reflections was not Jung's autobiography.

  14. Alligators, hospital birth and other urban legends.

    PubMed

    Cohain, Judy Slome

    2012-05-01

    The belief that hospital birth for low risk pregnancies has better outcomes than planned, attended homebirth is an urban legend. The choice of low-risk women to deliver in hospital is a result of the dominant and irrational human propensities to gossip, to follow the crowd and to cling to irrational hope. Rational analysis shows that planned homebirth with experienced trained attendants has the best outcomes for both mother and newborn for low risk pregnancy.

  15. Legends from the Dakota, Ojibwe, and Winnebago Tribes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minneapolis Public Schools, MN.

    Seven legends of the Dakota, Ojibwe, and Winnebago tribes are presented, each in a separate booklet, and many feature the common character, or trickster, of the tribe's legends. The booklets follow a picture book format with large type, limited number of words per page, and black-and-white illustrations accompanying all text. The Dakota legends…

  16. LEGENDS OF KING ARTHUR. LITERATURE CURRICULUM III, STUDENT VERSION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    KITZHABER, ALBERT R.

    A STUDENT VERSION OF A CURRICULUM GUIDE ON THE "LEGENDS OF KING ARTHUR" WAS DEVELOPED. SELECTED LEGENDS ARE REPRODUCED ALONG WITH AN INTRODUCTION, STUDY QUESTIONS, AND A PASSAGE FROM MALORY'S "LE MORTE D'ARTHUR" IN THE ORIGINAL LANGUAGE OF THE FIRST EDITION (1485). THE TEACHER VERSION IS ED 010 814. RELATED REPORTS ARE ED 010 129 THROUGH ED 010…

  17. 13. CLOSE UP VIEW OF THE IRON COMMEMORATIVE LEGEND ON ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. CLOSE UP VIEW OF THE IRON COMMEMORATIVE LEGEND ON THE WEST PORTAL OF THE BRIDGE. NOTE: AN EXACT DUPLICATE OF THIS LEGEND CAN BE FOUND ON THE EAST PORTAL. - Freedom Bridge, Spanning West Fork of White River at County Road 590 South, Freedom, Owen County, IN

  18. Challenging Social Work Education's Urban Legends

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colby, Ira

    2014-01-01

    Urban legends circulate throughout society, including higher education and social work education. Some academic mythologies take on the status of a tradition--no matter the evidence or lack thereof--and continue to thrive, to influence thinking, and to shape norms, which, in turn, direct behaviors. As with urban legends, academic myths are able to…

  19. Analyzing Rumors, Gossip, and Urban Legends through Their Conversational Properties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guerin, Bernard; Miyazaki, Yoshihiko

    2006-01-01

    A conversational approach is developed to explain the ubiquitous presence of rumors, urban legends, and gossip as arising from their conversational properties rather than from side effects of cognitive processing or "effort after meaning." It is suggested that the primary function of telling rumors, gossip, and urban legends is not to impart…

  20. Legends of Mexico: Units of Instruction, Grades K-8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bacon, Susan, Ed.; Humbach, Nancy, Ed.

    The 26 units of Spanish instruction for grades K-8 presented here were developed by participants in a 1995-96 teacher institute. The units are designed to help children and adolescents learn both language and culture through Mexican legends. Activities help introduce the legend, test comprehension, and extend the meaning, to develop deeper…

  1. Emotional selection in memes: the case of urban legends.

    PubMed

    Bell, C; Sternberg, E

    2001-12-01

    This article explores how much memes like urban legends succeed on the basis of informational selection (i.e., truth or a moral lesson) and emotional selection (i.e., the ability to evoke emotions like anger, fear, or disgust). The article focuses on disgust because its elicitors have been precisely described. In Study 1, with controls for informational factors like truth, people were more willing to pass along stories that elicited stronger disgust. Study 2 randomly sampled legends and created versions that varied in disgust; people preferred to pass along versions that produced the highest level of disgust. Study 3 coded legends for specific story motifs that produce disgust (e.g., ingestion of a contaminated substance) and found that legends that contained more disgust motifs were distributed more widely on urban legend Web sites. The conclusion discusses implications of emotional selection for the social marketplace of ideas.

  2. Urban legends of thermal moderator design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Muhrer, G.

    2012-02-01

    Neutron scattering has been an important tool for many areas of science for more than 50 years. Even though the theory of neutron scattering was developed in large part in the 1950s and 1960s, it is still to this day a challenge to design neutron sources. This is largely due to the fact that in order to achieve the necessary fluxes, it is necessary to construct either a fission reactor or a spallation source. These facilities are so complex that designers frequently rely on the experiences gained from previously designed facilities. Over the years these rules were often passed on more in form of an art than as science. The goal of this paper is to re-evaluate these rules and to establish if they are still valid today or if they have become urban legends.

  3. LEGEND, a LEO-to-GEO Environment Debris Model

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Liou, Jer Chyi; Hall, Doyle T.

    2013-01-01

    LEGEND (LEO-to-GEO Environment Debris model) is a three-dimensional orbital debris evolutionary model that is capable of simulating the historical and future debris populations in the near-Earth environment. The historical component in LEGEND adopts a deterministic approach to mimic the known historical populations. Launched rocket bodies, spacecraft, and mission-related debris (rings, bolts, etc.) are added to the simulated environment. Known historical breakup events are reproduced, and fragments down to 1 mm in size are created. The LEGEND future projection component adopts a Monte Carlo approach and uses an innovative pair-wise collision probability evaluation algorithm to simulate the future breakups and the growth of the debris populations. This algorithm is based on a new "random sampling in time" approach that preserves characteristics of the traditional approach and captures the rapidly changing nature of the orbital debris environment. LEGEND is a Fortran 90-based numerical simulation program. It operates in a UNIX/Linux environment.

  4. The Mozart effect: tracking the evolution of a scientific legend.

    PubMed

    Bangerter, Adrian; Heath, Chip

    2004-12-01

    Theories of the diffusion of ideas in social psychology converge on the assumption that shared beliefs (e.g., social representations, rumours and legends) propagate because they address the needs or concerns of social groups. But little empirical research exists demonstrating this link. We report three media studies of the diffusion of a scientific legend as a particular kind of shared belief. We studied the Mozart effect (ME), the idea that listening to classical music enhances intelligence. Study 1 showed that the ME elicited more persistent media attention than other science reports and this attention increased when the ME was manifested in events outside of science. Study 2 suggested that diffusion of the ME may have responded to varying levels of collective anxiety. Study 3 demonstrated how the content of the ME evolved during diffusion. The results provide evidence for the functionality of diffusion of ideas and initial elements for a model of the emergence and evolution of scientific legends.

  5. The relationship of the vampire legend to schizophrenia.

    PubMed

    Kayton, L

    1972-12-01

    The vampire legend has existed in various cultures since antiquity. In the past 250 years, the active belief in vampires has been generally confined to the peoples of Eastern Europe. Vampirism in Western Europe and the United States has meanwhile been relegated to literature and the cinema. The specifics of the vampire legend bear a close resemblance to fundamental dynamic issues seen in schizophrenia and in the content of certain nightmares. By utilizing the formulations of English psychoanalysts such as Klein, Fairbairn, and Guntrip, the vampire legend can be seen to represent the intense, devouring oral needs and fears of a schizophrenic. The vampire theme thus presents psychiatry with a unique phenomenological view of schizophrenia. Several case histories are presented which directly and indirectly exemplify the vampire themes in psychopathology. There seems to be a recent intensification in interest in vampires and other malevolent occult personages. This could represent an increment in the incidence or visibility of severe psychopathology in our culture.

  6. The Mozart effect: tracking the evolution of a scientific legend.

    PubMed

    Bangerter, Adrian; Heath, Chip

    2004-12-01

    Theories of the diffusion of ideas in social psychology converge on the assumption that shared beliefs (e.g., social representations, rumours and legends) propagate because they address the needs or concerns of social groups. But little empirical research exists demonstrating this link. We report three media studies of the diffusion of a scientific legend as a particular kind of shared belief. We studied the Mozart effect (ME), the idea that listening to classical music enhances intelligence. Study 1 showed that the ME elicited more persistent media attention than other science reports and this attention increased when the ME was manifested in events outside of science. Study 2 suggested that diffusion of the ME may have responded to varying levels of collective anxiety. Study 3 demonstrated how the content of the ME evolved during diffusion. The results provide evidence for the functionality of diffusion of ideas and initial elements for a model of the emergence and evolution of scientific legends. PMID:15601511

  7. The Common Core Ate My Baby and Other Urban Legends

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shanahan, Timothy

    2013-01-01

    Urban legends are plausible stories--told as truths--that revolve around the complexities and challenges of modern life. Sociologists have not managed to pin down exactly how and why these stories get started, but they are clearly spread by word of mouth and there is usually a grain of truth in them (and sometimes, as it turns out in the case of…

  8. Coyote and the Crane--A Legend of the Yakimas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George, Larry

    Written in plain terms, printed in large type, and accompanied by illustrations, this legend of the Yakima Indians tells of how the crane came to be; it is the story of how Coyote turns a man into a crane because the man would not share his catch of fish. "In the old days people shared things. It was our way of life. If a person was hungry and had…

  9. Rabies: a possible explanation for the vampire legend.

    PubMed

    Gómez-Alonso, J

    1998-09-01

    In the 18th century, belief in vampires--allegedly dead persons who left their graves and killed people and animals--raised great concern in the Balkans and an extensive debate in Europe. This historic phenomenon still awaits a comprehensive explanation. This article proposes that rabies may have played a key role in the development of the vampire legend, given the coincident time of the phenomena and the striking similarities between them.

  10. 9 CFR 381.96 - Wording and form of the official inspection legend.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION... official inspection legend, or the approved abbreviation thereof, shall be printed on consumer packages...

  11. 9 CFR 381.96 - Wording and form of the official inspection legend.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION... official inspection legend, or the approved abbreviation thereof, shall be printed on consumer packages...

  12. Exam Scams and Classroom Flimflams: Urban Legends as an Alternative Lens for Viewing the College Classroom Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Major, Claire Howell; Bray, Nathaniel

    2008-01-01

    Campus-based urban legends have the potential to convey and construct student culture in higher education. Basic qualitative and humanistic research methods were used to collect, analyze, and interpret legends related to the academic experience of collegiate life.

  13. The Ordinary and the Fabulous: An Introduction to Myths, Legends and Fairy Tales. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Elizabeth

    Written for teachers, for students who intend to be teachers or librarians, and for storytellers in general, this book interprets the familiar legends and tales (Greek, Scandinavian, German, and Celtic myths and legends; Arthurian romances; the Old Testament; and fairy tales) and describes how they can best be told to children. Parallel accounts…

  14. The Legend of Lola Casanova: On the Borders of Border Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Irwin, Robert McKee

    2005-01-01

    This article contrasts two stories of nineteenth-century interracial romance, the Mexican borderlands legend of Lola Casanova and the U.S. borderlands novel "Ramona." It argues that the Casanova legend suggests Mexican attitudes toward interracial marriage that differ significantly from those understood in recent readings of "Ramona" by U.S.-based…

  15. Pestomuhkati Atkuhkakonol. Pukcinsqehs. Kiwahqiyik. (Passamaquoddy Legends. The Tree-Stump Woman. The Giants).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wabnaki Bilingual Educational Program, Indian Township, ME.

    This illustrated reader contains Passamaquoddy versions of two traditional Wabnaki legends about Pukcinsquehs, the Tree-Stump Woman, who changes herself into a mosquito, and Koluskap, a giant, who turns people into fish. It is one of a series of readers containing Passamaquoddy legends and is intended for use in a bilingual education setting. Each…

  16. The Legend of Jump Mountain: Narrative Dispossession of the Monacan in Postcolonial Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vest, Jay Hansford C.

    2012-01-01

    In north central Virginia there is a local tale--The Legend of Jump Mountain, which purports to explain the origins of the Hayes Creek Indian Burial Mound. A highly romantic legend, it immortalizes post colonial intertribal warfare during the early nineteenth century while ignoring the antiquity of the mound and the local descendants of its…

  17. Is There a FOAF in Your Future? Urban Folk Legends in Room 112.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicolini, Mary B.

    1989-01-01

    Describes how urban folk legends can prepare students for studying "Beowulf," the Arthurian legends, or other oral narratives that exist in many versions. Notes that exposure to recent oral history intrigues students and helps them appreciate how stories can vary while retaining their basic plot. (RS)

  18. 9 CFR 108.7 - Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and legends.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and... REQUIREMENTS FOR LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.7 Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and legends. Two copies of all plot plans, blueprints, and legends, including revisions, shall be submitted to Animal and...

  19. 9 CFR 108.2 - Plot plans, blueprints, and legends required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Plot plans, blueprints, and legends... REQUIREMENTS FOR LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.2 Plot plans, blueprints, and legends required. Each applicant for an establishment license shall prepare a plot plan showing all buildings for each particular...

  20. 9 CFR 108.2 - Plot plans, blueprints, and legends required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Plot plans, blueprints, and legends... REQUIREMENTS FOR LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.2 Plot plans, blueprints, and legends required. Each applicant for an establishment license shall prepare a plot plan showing all buildings for each particular...

  1. 9 CFR 108.7 - Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and legends.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and... REQUIREMENTS FOR LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.7 Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and legends. Three copies of all plot plans, blueprints, and legends, including revisions, shall be submitted to Animal and...

  2. 9 CFR 108.7 - Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and legends.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and... REQUIREMENTS FOR LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.7 Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and legends. Two copies of all plot plans, blueprints, and legends, including revisions, shall be submitted to Animal and...

  3. 9 CFR 108.2 - Plot plans, blueprints, and legends required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Plot plans, blueprints, and legends... REQUIREMENTS FOR LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.2 Plot plans, blueprints, and legends required. Each applicant for an establishment license shall prepare a plot plan showing all buildings for each particular...

  4. 9 CFR 108.7 - Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and legends.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and... REQUIREMENTS FOR LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.7 Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and legends. Two copies of all plot plans, blueprints, and legends, including revisions, shall be submitted to Animal and...

  5. 9 CFR 108.2 - Plot plans, blueprints, and legends required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Plot plans, blueprints, and legends... REQUIREMENTS FOR LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.2 Plot plans, blueprints, and legends required. Each applicant for an establishment license shall prepare a plot plan showing all buildings for each particular...

  6. 9 CFR 108.7 - Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and legends.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and... REQUIREMENTS FOR LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.7 Filing of plot plans, blueprints, and legends. Two copies of all plot plans, blueprints, and legends, including revisions, shall be submitted to Animal and...

  7. 9 CFR 108.2 - Plot plans, blueprints, and legends required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Plot plans, blueprints, and legends... REQUIREMENTS FOR LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.2 Plot plans, blueprints, and legends required. Each applicant for an establishment license shall prepare a plot plan showing all buildings for each particular...

  8. Ka-im's Gift: A St:lo Legend (with Commentary by the Author).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Ethel B.

    1988-01-01

    Presents a modern retelling of a St:lo (Coast Salish) legend about the origin of a tribal treasure, the wondrous Sxwaixwe mask. Discusses the legend's origins, the process of transforming essentially oral sources into an accessible contemporary form, and the educational value of storytelling. Contains 13 references. (SV)

  9. A radiometric interpretive legend for Landsat digital thematic maps

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Robinove, Charles J.

    1977-01-01

    A legend is suggested for use with computer-generated thematic maps made from Landsat digital data that designates some of the radiometric characteristics of each thematic map unit as well as the described terrain attributes of each map unit. The relationship between spectral band and radiance for each map unit is shown by a two-dimensional polygon with the four Landsat multispectral scanner bands plotted on the ordinate and radiance levels on the abscissa. The resulting shape is colored to correspond with the map unit color, thus facilitating the recognition and understanding of the computer-generated map units.

  10. Depression and cardiovascular disease: just an urban legend?

    PubMed

    Sansone, Randy A; Sansone, Lori A

    2008-11-01

    For years, there has been speculation among clinicians about possible relationships between (a) depression and the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and (b) comorbid depression and adverse CVD outcomes. In a review of the recent literature, we noted that there are data to support both of these clinical urban legends. In addition, while data are preliminary, several studies indicate modest medical benefits with antidepressant treatment among individuals with comorbid depression and CVD. Clearly, additional studies are warranted in this intriguing area of the mind/body interface.This ongoing column is dedicated to the challenging clinical interface between psychiatry and primary care-two fields that are inexorably linked.

  11. Russia's imperial blood: was Rasputin not the healer of legend?

    PubMed

    Kendrick, John M L

    2004-09-01

    The only son of Russia's last Tsar, a great-grandson of Queen Victoria, continues to be used as the favorite example of the X-linked inheritance of hemophilia, in spite of the fact that this popular historical diathesis has never been confirmed by any form of modern medical laboratory testing. Certain to be controversial, a new study of the symptoms that were witnessed by those who were closest to the teenaged Russian heir now raises the possibility that his blood disorder might well have been something other than hemophilia. The key to discovering Tsarevich Alexei's true diagnosis is found in those now legendary allegations that the infamous "Mad Monk", Grigory Rasputin, had possessed a power of healing that was somehow responsible for the young boy's mysterious history of spontaneous recoveries. If we are to accept the popular diagnosis of history and call it a clotting factor deficiency, then the boy's now famous sudden recoveries will remain a complete mystery. The so-called "Mad Monk" Rasputin, as a direct result of the revolutionary propaganda of the time, is then overblown into a larger-than-life legend. If, however, we are to change the diagnosis and call it a platelet disorder, then the air is let out of the legend, and Rasputin is revealed to have been nothing more than a very ordinary middle-aged Siberian hippie who did not possess any healing powers at all.

  12. Serial killers, spiders and cybersex: Social and survival information bias in the transmission of urban legends.

    PubMed

    Stubbersfield, Joseph M; Tehrani, Jamshid J; Flynn, Emma G

    2015-05-01

    This study uses urban legends to examine the effects of the social information bias and survival information bias on cultural transmission across three phases of transmission: the choose-to-receive phase, the encode-and-retrieve phase, and the choose-to-transmit phase. In line with previous research into content biases, a linear transmission chain design with 60 participants aged 18-52 was used to examine the encode-and-retrieve phase, while participants were asked to rank their interest in reading the story behind a headline and passing a story on for the other two phases. Legends which contained social information (Social Type), legends which contained survival information (Survival Type), and legends which contained both forms of information (Combined Type) were all recalled with significantly greater accuracy than control material, while Social and Combined Type legends were recalled with significantly greater accuracy than Survival Type legends. In another study with 30 participants aged 18-22, no significant differences were found between legend types in either the choose-to-receive phase or the choose-to-transmit phase.

  13. Serial killers, spiders and cybersex: Social and survival information bias in the transmission of urban legends.

    PubMed

    Stubbersfield, Joseph M; Tehrani, Jamshid J; Flynn, Emma G

    2015-05-01

    This study uses urban legends to examine the effects of the social information bias and survival information bias on cultural transmission across three phases of transmission: the choose-to-receive phase, the encode-and-retrieve phase, and the choose-to-transmit phase. In line with previous research into content biases, a linear transmission chain design with 60 participants aged 18-52 was used to examine the encode-and-retrieve phase, while participants were asked to rank their interest in reading the story behind a headline and passing a story on for the other two phases. Legends which contained social information (Social Type), legends which contained survival information (Survival Type), and legends which contained both forms of information (Combined Type) were all recalled with significantly greater accuracy than control material, while Social and Combined Type legends were recalled with significantly greater accuracy than Survival Type legends. In another study with 30 participants aged 18-22, no significant differences were found between legend types in either the choose-to-receive phase or the choose-to-transmit phase. PMID:24975479

  14. [Unusual, supernatural presentations of birth in mythology and legends].

    PubMed

    Kirchhoff, H

    1991-04-01

    Although a multitude of differently motivated explanations have been brought forth in connection with legendary and pictorial representations of unusual--mostly extragenital-birth, an attempt is made to demonstrate certain common features by means of numerous examples. A hero or a god was not supposed to be born naturally ("naturally" being synonymous with "unclean", "contaminated"); his birth had to take place in an extravagant manner and was thus an attribute of immortality. Proof of this, for example, is the creation of Adam and Eve in Genesis. Special attention is given to the biphasic character of creation of life: 1. the lifeless figure, and 2. the act of animation, of coming to life. A large variety of comparisons from legends, myths and tales are exemplified by means of illustrations, such as e.g. the birth of the Buddha, Mithras, Athena, Dionysos, Adonis etc.

  15. The legend of the European vampire. Object loss and corporeal preservation.

    PubMed

    Gottlieb, R M

    1994-01-01

    This paper reconsiders the manifold European legends of the vampire in a clinical context. The study of clinical psychoanalytic material that is homologous with these legends reveals that in both myth and clinical work, vampire legends and fantasies may signal experiences of object loss. Vampires are, after all, persons who have died but who are nonetheless immortal or "undead." This study suggests that an important function of vampire mythology may have been to allow the grief-stricken to believe in the continued existence of their loved ones. Likewise, in the clinical analytic situation, and especially within the transference, the appearance of fantasy material related to vampire legends may signal bereavement, especially transference bereavement.

  16. A LEO Satellite Postmission Disposal Study using LEGEND

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Liou, J.-C.; Johnson, Nicholas L.

    2006-01-01

    This paper summarizes results from two postmission disposal parametric analyses based on the high fidelity NASA orbital debris evolutionary model LEGEND. The first analysis includes a nonmitigation reference scenario and four test scenarios, where the mission lifetimes of spacecraft are set to 5, 10, 20, and 30 years, respectively, before they are moved to the 25-year decay orbits. The comparison among the five scenarios quantifies how a prolonged spacecraft mission lifetime decreases the effectiveness of the 25-year decay rule in the low Earth orbit region. The second analysis includes three 25-year decay postmission disposal scenarios where the mission lifetimes of spacecraft are set to 5 years but with disposal success rates set to 50%, 70%, and 90%, respectively. It illustrates how the postmission disposal success rate impacts the long-term debris environment. The conclusion of this paper is that a prolonged spacecraft mission lifetime and a lower postmission disposal success rate can have noticeable negative impact on the debris environment in the long run.

  17. The Ordinary and the Fabulous: An Introduction to Myths, Legends, and Fairy Tales for Teachers and Storytellers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Elizabeth

    Written for teachers, librarians, students, parents, and other storytellers, this book emphasizes the value and enchantment which children can find in the fabulous stories of four main European traditions--Greek myths and legends, Northern myths and legends, Arthurian Romances, and fairy tales. The four chapters contain (1) discussions of myths,…

  18. My Best Friend's Brother's Cousin Knew This Guy Who?…?: Hoaxes, Legends, Warnings, and Fisher's Narrative Paradigm

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hobart, Melissa

    2013-01-01

    Students frequently encounter stories in the form of urban legends but often fail to analyze them properly. Using urban legends to teach is often a lively and informative method, and deconstructing common persuasive messages can show students the applicability of theory to real life. The author states that her goal as a teacher is to help students…

  19. 9 CFR 316.10 - Marking of meat food products with official inspection legend and ingredient statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Marking of meat food products with official inspection legend and ingredient statement. 316.10 Section 316.10 Animals and Animal Products FOOD... THEIR CONTAINERS § 316.10 Marking of meat food products with official inspection legend and...

  20. 15 CFR 30.8 - Time and place for presenting proof of filing citations, and exemption and exclusions legends.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... citations, postdeparture filing citations, AES downtime filing citation, exemption or exclusion legends. The... citations, AES downtime filing citation, exemption or exclusion legends required in § 30.4(e) to the...) Postal exports. The proof of filing citations, postdeparture filing citations, AES downtime...

  1. The wooden shell. The legend as representative of the early stage of development.

    PubMed

    Manor, I; Granek, M; Tyano, S

    2000-01-01

    Legends serve as an important means of expressing fears, wishes, and fantasies. One of the best known and beloved legends worldwide is the nineteenth-century tale of Pinocchio, the wooden puppet who becomes a "real boy," or, as eventually becomes apparent, the boy enclosed in a wooden shell. This protective shell is an extremely interesting symbol and may be the reason the story holds a special place in the human experience. This paper discusses the significance of the wooden shell in the early protection of the developing psyche against invasive stimuli. In cases of normal development, this rigid enclosure is eventually discarded as the psyche matures. However, in pathological situations, it may remain a static, inhibitive shield. We describe the case of O., whose shell prevented his healthy interaction with the environment, and discuss how his problem was managed in the context of the legend. We also discuss related theories of the envelope of the ego.

  2. Influence of emotional content and perceived relevance on spread of urban legends: a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Cotter, Ellen M

    2008-04-01

    This study examined factors thought to be associated with the spread of urban legends. 62 participants (84% female, 65% white, M age = 22 yr.) read 15 urban legends, 3 of which had a stated local component, and rated various characteristics of each legend, including how scary it was, how believable it was, and how likely the participants would be to tell it to someone else. As predicted, both a high fear rating and a high believability rating were positively correlated with the reported intent to tell (rho60 = .41, p < .0001 and rho60 = .67, p < .02, respectively). There was also a significant positive correlation between familiarity and intent to tell (rho60 = .22, p < .0001); however, presence of a local connection was not strongly correlated with intent to tell. It is possible that the local stories were less believable because they all involved ghosts.

  3. An "Urban legend" of global proportion: an analysis of nonfiction accounts of the Ebola virus.

    PubMed

    Weldon, R A

    2001-01-01

    Using Brunvald's (1981) six criteria of successful urban legends, this study explores nonfiction accounts of the Ebola virus. Focusing particularly on Richard Preston's book The Hot Zone (1994), this study addresses the social construction of the predatorial virus, demonstrating how events are constructed as social problems via media representations, and reality is transformed into legend. The implications of these depictions of the predatorial virus are discussed, along with exploring the effects of mass media reports on health care beliefs and practices. Likewise, implications regarding these stories, cultural beliefs and values are discussed. PMID:11550594

  4. An "Urban legend" of global proportion: an analysis of nonfiction accounts of the Ebola virus.

    PubMed

    Weldon, R A

    2001-01-01

    Using Brunvald's (1981) six criteria of successful urban legends, this study explores nonfiction accounts of the Ebola virus. Focusing particularly on Richard Preston's book The Hot Zone (1994), this study addresses the social construction of the predatorial virus, demonstrating how events are constructed as social problems via media representations, and reality is transformed into legend. The implications of these depictions of the predatorial virus are discussed, along with exploring the effects of mass media reports on health care beliefs and practices. Likewise, implications regarding these stories, cultural beliefs and values are discussed.

  5. The SiteLegend: Twelve Components of a New Strategy for Providing Website Documentation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiler, Robert M.; Pealer, Lisa N.

    2000-01-01

    Proposes a new approach to ensuring full and accurate disclosure of information about a website. The SiteLegend approach uses a hyperlink to fully inform consumers regarding 12 essential components of websites. This article describes each of the 12 components, then provides an example of an active online link that illustrates actual use of the…

  6. Exploring Social Studies through Multicultural Literature: "Legend of the St Ann's Flood"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fry, Sara Winstead

    2009-01-01

    The search for literature that is of high quality and interest, is written at age-appropriate levels for adolescent readers, addresses social studies topics, and presents multicultural perspectives can be daunting. "Legend of the St Ann's Flood" is a fiction trade book that meets all of these criteria. Its setting in Trinidad and Tobago provides…

  7. The Indian Reading Series: Stories and Legends of the Northwest. Level IV. Books 1-21.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

    Designed as supplementary reading material for Indian and non-Indian children in the elementary grades, this series of 21 booklets presents 36 stories and legends of Northwest tribes. Stories in this fourth level of the six-level series were developed cooperatively by Indian people of reservations in the Pacific Northwest. Booklets range from 7 to…

  8. The Indian Reading Series: Stories and Legends of the Northwest. Level V. Books 1-18.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

    Designed as supplementary reading material appropriate for Indian and non-Indian children in the elementary grades, this series of 18 booklets presents 26 stories and legends of Northwest tribes. Stories in this fifth level of the six-level series were developed cooperatively by Indian people from reservations in the Pacific Northwest. Booklets…

  9. The Occurrence of Beliefs and Legends in Selected Chicano Literature from 1959-1979.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McAlpine, Dave

    Six Chicano anthologies, five novels, and one poem written between 1959 and 1979, selected for their usefulness as texts for a Chicano literature course, were investigated for occurrence of folk beliefs and legends. The 1959 novel "Pocho" contained one reference to a belief. In the 1967 poem "I Am Joaquin" were references which suggested the…

  10. The Indian Reading Series: Stories and Legends of the Northwest. Level III. Books 1-20.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

    Designed as supplementary reading materials for Indian and non-Indian children in the primary grades, this series of 20 booklets presents legends and stories of Northwest tribes. Stories in this third level of the six-level series were developed cooperatively by people of the Blackfeet, Kootenai, Jamestown-Clallam, Assiniboine, Sioux,…

  11. The Indian Reading Series: Stories and Legends of the Northwest. Level I. Books 1-20.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

    Designed as supplementary reading materials appropriate for Indian and non-Indian children in the primary grades, this series of 20 booklets presents legends and stories of Northwest tribes. Stories in this first level of a six-level series were developed by the Blackfeet, Northern Cheyenne, Skokomish, Shoshone-Bannock, Crow, and Muckleshoot…

  12. The Legend of Kemaro Island for Supporting Students in Learning Average

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lestariningsih; Putri, Ratu Ilma Indra; Darmawijoyo

    2012-01-01

    This research is aimed to determine the role of Indonesian folklore context namely the Legend of Kemaro Island in supporting average learning on 6 grade students with Pendidikan Matematika Realistik Indonesia (PMRI) approach. The method used is a design research that contains three stage namely preliminary design, teaching experiment, and…

  13. The Indian Reading Series: Stories and Legends of the Northwest. Level II. Books 1-20.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

    Designed as supplementary reading materials for Indian and non-Indian children in the primary grades, this series of 10 booklets presents 13 legends and 7 stories of Northwest tribes. Stories in this second level of the six-level series were developed cooperatively by people of the Crow, Muckleshoot, Skokomish, Blackfeet, Northern Cheyenne,…

  14. The Stuff of (Urban) Legends, and How It Can Help Students Appreciate Fiction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cioe, Paul

    2000-01-01

    Suggests that educators rethink the ways in which they introduce elements of fiction. Considers how giving students the opportunity to show what they already know about the elements of fiction can lead them to a richer appreciation of the rewards of reading short stories. Notes that folktales and urban legends can provide familiar parallels to…

  15. 9 CFR 108.6 - Revision of plot plans, blueprints, and legends.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Revision of plot plans, blueprints... FACILITY REQUIREMENTS FOR LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.6 Revision of plot plans, blueprints, and legends... changes affecting the workflow are to be made. The licensee shall: (a) Prepare revised plot...

  16. 9 CFR 108.6 - Revision of plot plans, blueprints, and legends.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Revision of plot plans, blueprints... FACILITY REQUIREMENTS FOR LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.6 Revision of plot plans, blueprints, and legends... changes affecting the workflow are to be made. The licensee shall: (a) Prepare revised plot...

  17. 9 CFR 108.6 - Revision of plot plans, blueprints, and legends.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Revision of plot plans, blueprints... FACILITY REQUIREMENTS FOR LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.6 Revision of plot plans, blueprints, and legends... changes affecting the workflow are to be made. The licensee shall: (a) Prepare revised plot...

  18. 9 CFR 108.6 - Revision of plot plans, blueprints, and legends.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Revision of plot plans, blueprints... FACILITY REQUIREMENTS FOR LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.6 Revision of plot plans, blueprints, and legends... changes affecting the workflow are to be made. The licensee shall: (a) Prepare revised plot...

  19. 9 CFR 108.6 - Revision of plot plans, blueprints, and legends.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Revision of plot plans, blueprints... FACILITY REQUIREMENTS FOR LICENSED ESTABLISHMENTS § 108.6 Revision of plot plans, blueprints, and legends... changes affecting the workflow are to be made. The licensee shall: (a) Prepare revised plot...

  20. Folktales and Legends. Windows on Social Studies: Multicultural Adventures through Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westley, Joan; Melton, Holly

    This resource book is one of a series containing lesson plans for grades 1-3 designed to support children's literature books sharing familiar social studies themes. "Folktales and Legends" presents eight different children's books related to the theme. For each book social studies concepts are presented, followed by four activities called…

  1. A Novel for High School Seniors: Hal Borland's "When the Legends Die."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adkins, Carl A.

    1968-01-01

    Hal Borland's "When the Legends Die" is especially appropriate for high school seniors because its central problem--a Ute Indian boy's search for his identity and expected role in society--is exactly that faced by these students. The novel is divided into four sections, each concerned with a specific stage in the development of the protagonist.…

  2. Moving beyond the Black Legend: Chicano/a and Latino/a Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Dennis

    According to a footnote in the 1990 book "The Noble Savage,""The Spanish Black Legend is the view of Spain's genocide in The New World, as accounted for by Bartolome de las Casas and the European historians who, during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, denounced this genocide, often utilizing it as an anti-Spanish propaganda tool" used by…

  3. STS-95 Payload Specialist Glenn greets baseball legend Williams following a parade in Cocoa Beach

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1998-01-01

    STS-95 Payload Specialist John H. Glenn Jr. (left) greets baseball legend Ted Williams at a reception at the Double Tree Oceanfront Hotel following a parade down State Road A1A in nearby Cocoa Beach. Organizers of the parade included the Cocoa Beach Area Chamber of Commerce, the Brevard County Tourist Development Council, and the cities of Cape Canaveral and Cocoa Beach. The parade is reminiscent of those held after missions during the Mercury Program.

  4. Fallen star legends and traditional religion of Japan: an aspect of star lore

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goto, Akira

    2015-08-01

    Japanese star lore is a complex mixture of animism, Buddhism, Shinto-ism, Confucianism and folk beliefs. Although some studies have been done on rituals concerning constellation developed in esoteric Buddhism (e.g. Journal Culture and Cosmos, Vol. 10 no 1 and 2), studies on other aspects of Japanese star lore are limited, in particular, to the English audience.In historic literatures, there often mentioned abnormal astronomical phenomena, such as, eclipse, meteors and comets. In this paper, I will discuss the possibility of reference to these astronomical phenomena in order to talk about some historical facts.In western part of Japan, there are Shinto shrines and Buddhistic temples that are said to be built as monuments of fallen stars. Usually fallen stars were divided into three, and a trio of shrines/temples are said to be the remnants of this phenomenon. Similar legends are found in Kudamatsu (that means "fallen pine=pine where stars fallen") of Yamaguchi Prefecture, Bisei-cho (that means "beautiful star") of Okayama Prefecture, Hoshida (that means "rice field or village of star") shrine of Osaka, and also Hoshida shrine of Nagoya.The purpose of this presentation is not to argue whether fallen star legend was truly astronomical phenomenon, such as, meteor or not. Instead, I will discuss why similar legends have been talked concerning the origin of particular shrines or temples. Citing Eliade who related gorge and alchemy producing spark to astronomical phenomena, I will disclose the possibility to relate these astronomical legends to the coming of the naturalized Japanese from Korean Peninsula who introducd forge to Japan abound 5 to 6 centuries.

  5. Bilingual Education: Bilingual/Cross-Cultural Emphasis. Indian Legends and Felt Board Cut-Out Characters. Readings and Activities for Pre-School and Early Elementary School Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Ruth; And Others

    Designed for use in preschool and early elementary school classrooms, this collection of eight American Indian legends provides patterns for making feltboard cutouts of their characters and props to be used in story telling activities. Seven of the legends originate with the Hupa, Karuk, or Yurok Indians of northwestern California and one is from…

  6. "Smite this sleeping world awake": Edward Burne-Jones and "The legend of the briar rose".

    PubMed

    Rager, Andrea Wolk

    2009-01-01

    Challenging entrenched preconceptions about the supposed escapism and conservatism of Edward Burne-Jones's art, this paper seeks to establish his monumental painted series, "The Legend of the Briar Rose," as a fundamentally radical and confrontational work. Critics have long viewed it as an endorsement of sleepy stasis, antithetical to the political activism espoused by his friend William Morris. By unraveling the intertwining themes of the series -- the transformative dream vision, artistic labor, the decorative mode, and social egalitarianism -- the "Briar Rose" series is revealed instead to be dramatization of the struggle for personal, social, artistic, and even environmental awakening.

  7. [Divine cadavers: gender, medical discourse, and anatomical collections in the legend of Pedro González de Velasco].

    PubMed

    del Pozo, Alba

    2016-01-01

    This paper examines the relationship between the public image of Pedro Gonzólez de Velasco (1815-1882), famous for his anatomical collections and his Anthropological Museum, founded in 1875 in Madrid, and the popular legend related to the death, embalming and exhumation of his daughter Concepción. The doctor who is committed to the nation becomes a mad scientist, and his official biography is transformed into an urban legend. Beyond the merely anecdotal, I show how the aesthetics associated with female corpses and artificial women organize cultural imaginaries, bringing together medical discourses and literary and artistic representations.

  8. [Divine cadavers: gender, medical discourse, and anatomical collections in the legend of Pedro González de Velasco].

    PubMed

    del Pozo, Alba

    2016-01-01

    This paper examines the relationship between the public image of Pedro Gonzólez de Velasco (1815-1882), famous for his anatomical collections and his Anthropological Museum, founded in 1875 in Madrid, and the popular legend related to the death, embalming and exhumation of his daughter Concepción. The doctor who is committed to the nation becomes a mad scientist, and his official biography is transformed into an urban legend. Beyond the merely anecdotal, I show how the aesthetics associated with female corpses and artificial women organize cultural imaginaries, bringing together medical discourses and literary and artistic representations. PMID:27363245

  9. Comparing the long-term evolution of the space debris environment with DELTA, LEGEND and SDM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martin, C.; Liou, J.-C.; Rossi, A.

    The long-term evolution of the space debris population is studied worldwide using large and complex computer models Three such codes have been developed and upgraded over the last several years by different groups worldwide DELTA 2 0 developed for ESA by QinetiQ in the UK LEGEND developed at NASA JSC in the USA and SDM 3 0 developed for ESA at ISTI CNR in Italy Several studies of the space debris environment have already been performed with these models The results of this research agree in general terms on the trends apparent in the long-term evolution of the debris population under different simulation scenarios Nonetheless it is usually difficult to compare in detail the results generated by the different models due to the variety of assumptions and initial conditions adopted Within Working Group 2 of the Inter-Agency Space Debris Co-ordination Committee IADC an effort was initiated several years ago to compare the results of the evolution models available within the participating member organisations To achieve this a common set of input data and a common simulation scenario was identified and agreed The current development status of the models is presently particularly favourable for a comparison as DELTA LEGEND and SDM have each implemented a common fragmentation model This should help reduce the discrepancies in the evolution results and could help in identifying the sources of residual differences observed This paper will firstly present a brief overview of the three different environment models Then the common simulation

  10. LEGEND - a three-dimensional LEO-to-GEO debris evolutionary model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liou, J.-C.; Hall, D. T.; Krisko, P. H.; Opiela, J. N.

    2004-01-01

    A new orbital debris evolutionary model is being developed by the NASA Orbital Debris Program Office at Johnson Space Center. LEGEND, a LEO-to-GEO Environment Debris model, is capable of reproducing the historical debris environment as well as performing future debris environment projection. The model covers the near Earth space between 200 and 40,000 km altitude and outputs debris distributions in one-dimensional (altitude), two-dimensional (altitude, latitude), and three-dimensional (altitude, latitude, longitude) formats. LEGEND is a three-year (2001-2003) project. The historical part of the model has been completed and the future projection part is being developed/tested. The model utilizes a recently updated historical satellite launch database, two efficient and accurate propagators, and a new NASA satellite breakup model. This paper summarizes the justifications for building a full-scale three-dimensional debris evolutionary model, the overall model structure, and several key components of the model. Preliminary model predictions of debris distributions in the Low Earth Orbit (LEO), Medium Earth Orbit (MEO), and Geosynchronous Earth Orbit (GEO) regions are presented.

  11. LEGEND - A three-dimensional LEO-to-GEO debris evolution model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liou, J.; Anz-Meador, P.; Hall, D.; Krisko, P.; Opiela, J.

    A new orbital debris evolution model is being developed by the NASA Orbital Debris Program Office at Johnson Space Center. LEGEND, a LEO-to-GEO Environment Debris model, is capable of reproducing the historical debris environment as well as performing future debris environment projection. The model covers the near Earth space between 200 and 50,000 km altitude and outputs debris distributions in 1 D (altitude), 2 D (altitude, latitude), and 3-D (altitude, latitude,-- longitude) formats. LEGEND is a three-year project. The historical part of the model has been completed and the future projection part is being developed/tested. The model utilizes a recently updated historical satellite launch database, two efficient and accurate propagators, and a new NASA satellite breakup model. This paper summarizes the justifications for building a full-scale 3-D debris evolution model, the overall model structure, and several key components of the model. Preliminary model predictions of debris distributions in the Low Earth Orbit (LEO), Medium Earth Orbit (MEO), and Geosynchronous Earth Orbit (GEO) regions will be presented.

  12. The Top 10 Greatest Screen Legends and What Their Definitive Roles Demonstrate about Management and Organizational Behaviour

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunphy, Steve; Meyer, David; Linton, Sara

    2008-01-01

    Those interested in using multimedia films for the purpose of illustrating, critiquing and even correcting behavior in organizations face a daunting array of choices from training films to television to full length movies. The authors suggest that the top screen "legends" of Hollywood and their definitive roles should be considered as an…

  13. Tsapah Talks of Pheasant and Other Stories. The Indian Reading Series: Stories and Legends of the Northwest. Level VI.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

    Designed as supplementary reading material for Indian and non-Indian children in the elementary grades, this reader presents 19 stories and legends of the Northwest tribes. Stories in this sixth level of the six-level series were developed cooperatively by Indian people of Pacific Northwest reservations. Each of the 19 stories has a title page…

  14. 9 CFR 316.10 - Marking of meat food products with official inspection legend and ingredient statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Marking of meat food products with... MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION MARKING PRODUCTS AND THEIR CONTAINERS § 316.10 Marking of meat food products with official inspection legend and...

  15. 9 CFR 316.10 - Marking of meat food products with official inspection legend and ingredient statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Marking of meat food products with... MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION MARKING PRODUCTS AND THEIR CONTAINERS § 316.10 Marking of meat food products with official inspection legend and...

  16. 9 CFR 316.10 - Marking of meat food products with official inspection legend and ingredient statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Marking of meat food products with... MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION MARKING PRODUCTS AND THEIR CONTAINERS § 316.10 Marking of meat food products with official inspection legend and...

  17. How Paiutes science education is influenced by their myths and legends

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Capistrant, Susan Lee

    The Paiutes science education is influenced by their myths and legends. To the People, these are their truths, just like the Bible is to the Christians, the Torah is to the Jews and the Koran is to the Muslims. The more connected the Native person is to his/her traditional beliefs, the more likely they are to reject certain aspects of science, (personal communication, 7/3/2012). The worldview of the Paiutes also influences how they perceive science. To the Paiute, the earth is alive and everything has a soul. The birds, animals and plants give them information about their environment. Gregory Cajete stated that "Education is an art of process, participation and making connection. Learning is growth and life process; and Life and Nature are always in relationship!" Learning for the Native American is a form of "culture shock" because the White man's school is so different. The Native person's culture is passed on from generation to generation through oral traditions, such as songs, stories, legends, myths, their history, language and traditions. Indigenous science needs to be mixed with Western science. The student's knowledge base has to be acknowledged. The teacher of these students need to be familiar with their values and not expect the same as they would from the other students. The teacher should become a culture broker to help the Paiute student cross back and forth between the two sciences. The curriculum should have these ideas included in it. The best way to change the curriculum is to include the elders, the parents, grandparents, community leaders, and others. They can help fuse the Paiutes' culture into the science classroom and help it merge with Western science. The results of the research questions showed that the Paiutes need to have their values, their myths and legends, included in their science classrooms. The Paiute student's worldview is different from that of Western science. Therefore, the help of a "border crossing" teacher

  18. Rumors and Realities: Making Sense of HIV/AIDS Conspiracy Narratives and Contemporary Legends.

    PubMed

    Heller, Jacob

    2015-01-01

    The social context of the early HIV/AIDS epidemic in the United States provided fertile ground for rumors about transmission. Today, however, rumors about HIV/AIDS persist only within the African American public. Focus group and public discourse data reveal the content and distribution of HIV/AIDS origin and conspiracy rumors. Rumor and contemporary legend theory allows reinterpretation of rumors as a measure of trust between the African American public and health professionals, not as evidence of ignorance or of historical racial oppression. To improve public health results in the African American community, HIV/AIDS efforts must acknowledge the sources and meanings of rumors, include rumors as a measure of trust, and address the underlying distrust that the rumors signify. PMID:25393166

  19. Clinical Empathy and Narrative Competence: The Relevance of Reading Talmudic Legends as Literary Fiction

    PubMed Central

    Davidson, John H.

    2015-01-01

    The “curative potential” in almost any clinical setting depends on a caregiver establishing and maintaining an empathic connection with patients so as to achieve “narrative competence” in discerning and acting in accord with their preferences and best interests. The “narrative medicine” model of shared “close reading of literature and reflective writing” among clinicians as a means of fostering a capacity for clinical empathy has gained validation with recent empirical studies demonstrating the enhancement of theory of mind (ToM), broadly conceived as empathy, in readers of literary fiction. Talmudic legends, like that of Rabbi Judah’s death, are under-appreciated, relevant sources of literary fiction for these efforts. The limitations of narrative medicine are readily counterbalanced by simultaneously practiced attention to traditional bioethical principles, including—especially—beneficence, non-maleficence, and autonomy. PMID:25973266

  20. Clinical empathy and narrative competence: the relevance of reading talmudic legends as literary fiction.

    PubMed

    Davidson, John H

    2015-04-01

    The "curative potential" in almost any clinical setting depends on a caregiver establishing and maintaining an empathic connection with patients so as to achieve "narrative competence" in discerning and acting in accord with their preferences and best interests. The "narrative medicine" model of shared "close reading of literature and reflective writing" among clinicians as a means of fostering a capacity for clinical empathy has gained validation with recent empirical studies demonstrating the enhancement of theory of mind (ToM), broadly conceived as empathy, in readers of literary fiction. Talmudic legends, like that of Rabbi Judah's death, are under-appreciated, relevant sources of literary fiction for these efforts. The limitations of narrative medicine are readily counterbalanced by simultaneously practiced attention to traditional bioethical principles, including-especially-beneficence, non-maleficence, and autonomy.

  1. Thomas Starzl, Video Interview for His Living Legend Award at the ISBTS 2015.

    PubMed

    Gondolesi, G E; Mazariegos, G; Starzl, T E

    2016-03-01

    At the 14th International Small Bowel Transplant Symposium, (ISBTS2015) held in Buenos Aires, a session to recognize the pioneers that have dedicated their lives to make our current field possible was organized. Dr Thomas Starzl received the first Living Legend Award. A video interview was obtained at his office, edited, and later presented during the scientific meeting. More than 600 people saw Dr Starzl's interview, which captivated the audience for 40 minutes, before smiles, tears and the final applause erupted at the conclusion. We would like to share this video with all of you to inspire the current generations and the generations to come. The manuscript has the main parts of the interview, which can also be accessed at http://isbts2015.tts.org/starzl.mp4.

  2. Living Legends: students' responses to an intergenerational life review writing program.

    PubMed

    Chippendale, Tracy; Boltz, Marie

    2015-04-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of participation in the Living Legends program upon health science students' image of older adults and interest in working with older people. A multisite quasi-experimental control group design with a connected qualitative component was used. Program sites included three Naturally Occurring Retirement Communities (NORCs) and one senior center. Health science students (n = 43) from two universities and two community colleges and community-dwelling seniors (n = 39) participated in the program. A baseline questionnaire was used to ascertain demographic characteristics and prior type and amount of contact with older adults. The Image of Aging Scale and Likert-style questions to measure interest in working with older adults were the primary outcome measures. Written responses to program experiences were also collected. Analysis of covariance was used to compare changes in Image of Aging subscale scores from pre- to posttest. Mean change in positive image of older adults subscale scores was 4.6 (SD = 4.4) for the intervention group and -0.6 (SD = 4.8) for the control group. The difference between groups was significant (F = 22.0, P < .001), and the effect size was large (Cohen's d = 1.07). Nine of the 22 students in the intervention group had a greater interest in working with seniors after the program. Qualitative themes that emerged included a positive and beneficial experience, life lessons, seeing the person beyond the visible, power of the written word, and shared lives. Living Legends is an effective program to enhance positive images of older adults in future healthcare professionals and may have a positive impact on some students with regard to interest in working with older adults.

  3. Uncertainties of legend conversion and inconsistency analysis of global land cover products---A case study in Heihe River Basin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, M.; Ma, M.; Luo, G.; Maeyer, P. D.

    2015-12-01

    In this study, the spatial and areal inconsistencies of the most recent global land cover datasets were analyzed quantitatively with widely used common thematic legends (IGBP-17, modified IGBP-9, IPCC-5 and 3 classes) in Heihe River Basin. These products included Finer Resolution Observation and Monitoring of Global Land Cover (hereafter abbreviated as GLC30), Global Land Cover Map (hereafter abbreviated as GlobCover2009) and the IGBP layer of MODIS Collection 5.1 land cover (hereafter abbreviated as MODISLC_IGBP). Before areal and spatial inconsistencies were assessed, uncertainty caused by legend conversion was also discussed quantitatively. Majority filtering and statistical methods were adopted to upscale from high to low spatial resolution classifications and to compute inconsistencies respectively. The results indicated that IGBP-17 and "3 classes" were not suitable as common legends to compare land cover products using LCCS and FAO, because IGBP-17 itself included ambiguous type and too much aggregation in "3 classes" was less meaningful for users due to less information. In general, 5 - 12 kinds of land cover type were suitable quantity to compare different land cover products. In the IGBP-9 and IPCC-5 legend conversion, GLC30 also had "zero" uncertainties, and the GlobCover2009 had the largest uncertainties, the values were 17.3%, 7.44%, 0.46% and 16.2%, 5.95%, 0.40% in the mountainous, oasis and desert area respectively. The hierarchical classification system with explicit attribution information was suggested to global land cover producers by authors, because it can be used to reduce effectively uncertainty of legend conversion caused by arbitrary errors. The order of areal inconsistency showed opposite to overall spatial inconsistency. Areal inconsistency between GLC30 and GlobCover2009 was the least among the three groups comparison, with values less than 19.71%, 8.10%, 1.58% and 27.20%, 8.05% and 1.53% in mountainous, oasis and desert areas

  4. Volcanoes in the pre-Columbian life, legend, and archaeology of Costa Rica (Central America)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alvarado, Guillermo E.; Soto, Gerardo J.

    2008-10-01

    Costa Rica is located geographically in the southern part of the Central American Volcanic Front, a zone where interaction between the Mesoamerican and South American cultures occurred in pre-Columbian times. Several volcanoes violently erupted during the Holocene, when the first nomadic human hunters and later settlers were present. Volcanic rocks were the most important geo-resource in making artifacts and as construction materials for pre-Columbian inhabitants. Some pottery products are believed to resemble smoking volcanoes, and the settlements around volcanoes would seem to indicate their influence on daily life. Undoubtedly, volcanic eruptions disrupted the life of early settlers, particularly in the vicinity of Arenal and Irazú volcanoes, where archaeological remains show transient effects and displacement caused by periodical eruptions, but later resilient occupations around the volcanoes. Most native languages are extinct, with the exception of those presently spoken in areas far away from active volcanoes, where no words are related to volcanic phenomena or structures. The preserved legends are ambiguous, suggesting that they were either produced during the early Spanish conquest or were altered following the pre-Columbian period.

  5. The Donegal Sign Tree: A Local Legend Confirmed with Holographic Radar and 3-D Magnetics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bechtel, T.; Cassidy, M.; Inagaki, M.; Windsor, C.; Capineri, L.; Falorni, P.; Bulleti, A.; Valentini, S.; Borgioli, G.; Ivashov, S.; Zhuravlev, A.; Razewig, V.; Vasiliev, I.; Bechtel, E.

    2009-05-01

    A tree at a crossroad in Historic Donegal, PA (founded 1722) bears unusual burls. Two are similar in size, and lie on opposite sides of the trunk at a height of six feet. Locals say that the tree engulfed an old road sign, and the geometry of the burls gives this appearance. However, the trunk between these two burls bears no welt where it sealed after swallowing the sign. In addition, there are other burls farther up the tree, which are not consistent with engulfed signs. Although the locals all know the legend of the swallowed sign, none ever actually saw the sign; not even an octogenarian who has lived at the crossroad his entire life, and recalls the tree as a child just as it is today. In order to test the veracity of the legend, this study performed subsurface imaging of the tree using holographic subsurface radar (Rascan), and 3-D measurements of the magnetic field about the tree using cesium vapor sensors. The Rascan system used is a continuous wave subsurface radar that operates at 5 discrete frequencies between 1.5 and 2.0 GHz. Reflections from subsurface objects are recorded as the phase difference pattern between an internal reference signal, and the reflected signal. Thus, it is a microwave analogy for optical holography. Rascan records reflections with two receiving antennae - parallel and perpendicular to the transmitter - so a single set of scans provides ten images; five frequencies at two polarizations. This ensures that an object at arbitrary depth will produce a strong phase difference in one of the images. As a consequence, elongate objects that are angled from the plane of scanning (e.g. a dipping sheet) produce "zebra stripes" of contrast values that vary cyclically with depth. The presence of stripes, and their relative positions in the different frequency images (the movement of which has been dubbed the "zebra shift") is useful for determining the relative depth of different portions of a dipping planar, or curved subsurface object. Rascan

  6. Stopped hearts, amputated toes and NASA: contemporary legends among healthy volunteers in US phase I clinical trials

    PubMed Central

    Fisher, Jill A.

    2015-01-01

    The first stage of testing new pharmaceuticals in humans is referred to as a phase I clinical trial. The purpose of these studies is to test the safety of the drugs and to establish appropriate doses that can later be given to patients. Most of these studies are conducted under controlled, in-patient conditions using healthy volunteers who are paid for their participation. To explore healthy volunteers’ experiences in clinical trials, an ethnographic study was conducted at six in-patient phase I clinics in the USA. In addition to the observation of clinic activities (from informed consent procedures to dosing to blood draws), 268 semi-structured interviews were conducted, 33 with clinic staff and 235 with healthy volunteers. Drawing on this dataset, this article explores healthy volunteers’ exchange of contemporary legends about phase I clinical trials. In addition to potentially scaring the listener and communicating distrust in the medical community, these incredible stories help participants cope with perceived stigma and establish a gradient of risk of trial participation, creating potential boundaries to their participation in medical research. The article argues that contemporary legends play a productive role in society, shaping how people view themselves and others and influencing their decisions about risky activities. PMID:25601069

  7. Stopped hearts, amputated toes and NASA: contemporary legends among healthy volunteers in US phase I clinical trials.

    PubMed

    Fisher, Jill A

    2015-01-01

    The first stage of testing new pharmaceuticals in humans is referred to as a phase I clinical trial. The purpose of these studies is to test the safety of the drugs and to establish appropriate doses that can later be given to patients. Most of these studies are conducted under controlled, in-patient conditions using healthy volunteers who are paid for their participation. To explore healthy volunteers' experiences in clinical trials, an ethnographic study was conducted at six in-patient phase I clinics in the USA. In addition to the observation of clinic activities (from informed consent procedures to dosing to blood draws), 268 semi-structured interviews were conducted, 33 with clinic staff and 235 with healthy volunteers. Drawing on this dataset, this article explores healthy volunteers' exchange of contemporary legends about phase I clinical trials. In addition to potentially scaring the listener and communicating distrust in the medical community, these incredible stories help participants cope with perceived stigma and establish a gradient of risk of trial participation, creating potential boundaries to their participation in medical research. The article argues that contemporary legends play a productive role in society, shaping how people view themselves and others and influencing their decisions about risky activities. PMID:25601069

  8. Is an urban legend true in the teaching hospital that "you will get hurt if you go to hospital at the beginning of the fiscal year"?

    PubMed

    Inoue, Satoki; Abe, Ryuichi; Tanaka, Yu; Kawaguchi, Masahiko

    2015-02-01

    An urban legend that "you will get hurt if you go to hospital at the beginning of the fiscal year" is in circulation, because people in general suppose that inexperienced newcomers start to work at clinical practice during that time period. We tried to determine whether this urban legend was true or not by using data from our operation management system. We retrospectively conducted a study to investigate whether the number of cannulation failures, which was used as an index of patient disadvantages at clinical practice, could be affected by the volume of residents in clinical participation. The number of insertion trials per case was not prominent in the first month of the fiscal year. However, the number of insertion trials per case increased in proportion to the average number of residents per day. It seems that there was no evidence to support the urban legend that "you will get hurt if you go to hospital at the beginning of the fiscal year." However, our results suggest that rather than an urban legend, we are now confronting the fact that patients may suffer from medical disadvantages in the teaching hospitals. PMID:24981561

  9. Tsapah Talks of Pheasant and Other Stories. The Indian Reading Series: Stories and Legends of the Northwest. Teacher's Manual, Level IV.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butterfield, Robin

    This guide presents an overall plan for implementing Level VI of the Indian Reading Series, which features legends and stories of Northwest tribes in a supplementary reading and language arts development program for elementary grade Indian and non-Indian children. Introductory sections present the rationale of the program's language experience…

  10. La Marimba y el joven Pluma de Quetzal: una leyenda chiapaneca. (The Marimba and the Young Man, Pluma de Quetzal: A Chiapaneca Legend.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marquez, Jerry

    The illustrated book is about the legend of Pluma de Quetzal and the marimba. The story, which takes place in the Mexican state of Chiapas, tells how the woodcutters who lived in the area would sit around the fire talking and singing every night. Sung by tired voices, their songs had no happy music. Instead of happiness and hope, they expressed…

  11. Thoughts from the Shadow of a Flame. The Indian Reading Series: Stories and Legends of the Northwest. Teacher's Manual, Level V.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butterfield, Robin

    This guide presents an overall plan for implementing Level V of the Indian Reading Series, which features stories and legends of Northwest tribes in a supplementary reading and language arts development program for elementary grade Indian and non-Indian children. Introductory sections present the rationale of the program's language experience…

  12. Is an urban legend true in the teaching hospital that "you will get hurt if you go to hospital at the beginning of the fiscal year"?

    PubMed

    Inoue, Satoki; Abe, Ryuichi; Tanaka, Yu; Kawaguchi, Masahiko

    2015-02-01

    An urban legend that "you will get hurt if you go to hospital at the beginning of the fiscal year" is in circulation, because people in general suppose that inexperienced newcomers start to work at clinical practice during that time period. We tried to determine whether this urban legend was true or not by using data from our operation management system. We retrospectively conducted a study to investigate whether the number of cannulation failures, which was used as an index of patient disadvantages at clinical practice, could be affected by the volume of residents in clinical participation. The number of insertion trials per case was not prominent in the first month of the fiscal year. However, the number of insertion trials per case increased in proportion to the average number of residents per day. It seems that there was no evidence to support the urban legend that "you will get hurt if you go to hospital at the beginning of the fiscal year." However, our results suggest that rather than an urban legend, we are now confronting the fact that patients may suffer from medical disadvantages in the teaching hospitals.

  13. A prehistoric lahar-dammed lake and eruption of Mount Pinatubo described in a Philippine aborigine legend

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodolfo, Kelvin S.; Umbal, Jesse V.

    2008-10-01

    The prehistoric eruptions of Mount Pinatubo have followed a cycle: centuries of repose terminated by a caldera-forming eruption with large pyroclastic flows; a post-eruption aftermath of rain-triggered lahars in surrounding drainages and dome-building that fills the caldera; and then another long quiescent period. During and after the eruptions lahars descending along volcano channels may block tributaries from watersheds beyond Pinatubo, generating natural lakes. Since the 1991 eruption, the Mapanuepe River valley in the southwestern sector of the volcano has been the site of a large lahar-dammed lake. Geologic evidence indicates that similar lakes have occupied this site at least twice before. An Ayta legend collected decades before Mount Pinatubo was recognized as a volcano describes what is probably the younger of these lakes, and the caldera-forming eruption that destroyed it.

  14. Urban legends: pemphigus vulgaris.

    PubMed

    Cirillo, N; Cozzani, E; Carrozzo, M; Grando, S A

    2012-07-01

    Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is the most common type of pemphigus. PV pathogenesis is still debated, and treatment remains challenging. We investigated five controversial topics: (1) What are the target antigens in PV? (2) Do desmogleins adequately address PV pathophysiology? (3) How does acantholysis occur in PV? (4) Is PV still a lethal disease? (5) What is the role of rituximab (RTX) in PV treatment? Results from extensive literature searches suggested the following: (1) Target antigens of PV include a variety of molecules and receptors that are not physically compartmentalized within the epidermis. (2) PV is caused by a variety of autoantibodies to keratinocyte self-antigens, which concur to cause blistering by acting synergistically. (3) The concept of apoptolysis distinguishes the unique mechanism of autoantibody-induced keratinocyte damage in PV from other known forms of cell death. (4) PV remains potentially life-threatening largely because of treatment side effects, but it is uncertain which therapies carry the highest likelihood of lethal risk. (5) RTX is a very promising treatment option in patients with widespread recalcitrant or life-threatening PV. RTX's cost is an issue, its long-term side effects are still unknown, and randomized controlled trials are needed to establish the optimal dosing regimen.

  15. An Alaskan legend

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Mann, H.; Blodgett, R.B.

    2009-01-01

    Jack Lee is a prominent personality, an Alaskan individualist and a skeptic worthy of remembrance if for no other reason than being inextricably associated with the catastrophic Katmai eruption in 1912. Jack remains a provocative reminder of Alaska's pre-1958 drilling and was quite possibly the earliest observer (excepting natives and possibly Russians) of the oil seeps in the area now encompassed by the Becharof National Wildlife Refuge. His observation of the impressive live oil seeps in the Ugashik and Becharof Lakes area, and his subsequent involvement in the early drilling entirely consumed his future interests. He is a firm believer that individualism and suspicion are powerful tools when forced to reconsider alternatives to readily accepted interpretations of modern exploration results. His individualism and sometimes annoying, but thought-provoking skepticism remains useful in any field where clich??s provide safe guards from new concepts.

  16. Will the real Robert Neville please, come out? Vampirism, the ethics of queer monstrosity, and capitalism in Richard Matheson's I am legend?

    PubMed

    Khader, Jamil

    2013-01-01

    In this article, I argue that Richard Matheson's (1954) vampire novella, I Am Legend, encodes the protagonist's, Robert Neville, traumatic recognition of his queer sexuality in its monstrosity (the unspeakability of male penetrability). Neville's identification with and desire for his undead neighbor, Ben Cortman, are symbolically codified through three different registers: intertextual references to vampiric conventions and codes, the semiotics of queer subculture, and a structure of doubling that links Neville to the queer vampire. Although Neville avoids encountering his unspeakable queer desire, which could be represented only at the level of the Lacanian Real, he must still confront Cortman's obsessive exhortations for him to come out. Only when he symbolically codifies his abnormality in its own monstrosity, by viewing himself through mutant vampires' eyes, can Neville reconfigure the ethical relationship between self and other, humans and mutant humans-vampires. However progressive Matheson's novella is in its advocacy of minority sexual rights, it still renders capitalism's problematic relationship with queer subjectivity invisible. Although capitalism overdetermines every aspect of the social field and makes Neville's daily life possible in its surplus enjoyment, the fundamental antagonism (class struggle) in capitalism is obscured by the assertion of identity politics. PMID:23469816

  17. Will the real Robert Neville please, come out? Vampirism, the ethics of queer monstrosity, and capitalism in Richard Matheson's I am legend?

    PubMed

    Khader, Jamil

    2013-01-01

    In this article, I argue that Richard Matheson's (1954) vampire novella, I Am Legend, encodes the protagonist's, Robert Neville, traumatic recognition of his queer sexuality in its monstrosity (the unspeakability of male penetrability). Neville's identification with and desire for his undead neighbor, Ben Cortman, are symbolically codified through three different registers: intertextual references to vampiric conventions and codes, the semiotics of queer subculture, and a structure of doubling that links Neville to the queer vampire. Although Neville avoids encountering his unspeakable queer desire, which could be represented only at the level of the Lacanian Real, he must still confront Cortman's obsessive exhortations for him to come out. Only when he symbolically codifies his abnormality in its own monstrosity, by viewing himself through mutant vampires' eyes, can Neville reconfigure the ethical relationship between self and other, humans and mutant humans-vampires. However progressive Matheson's novella is in its advocacy of minority sexual rights, it still renders capitalism's problematic relationship with queer subjectivity invisible. Although capitalism overdetermines every aspect of the social field and makes Neville's daily life possible in its surplus enjoyment, the fundamental antagonism (class struggle) in capitalism is obscured by the assertion of identity politics.

  18. The Legend of Sally Hemings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belz, Herman

    2012-01-01

    The part played by Sally Hemings in the life of Thomas Jefferson has been regarded as provocatively dubious since political enemy James Callender claimed in 1802 that Jefferson was the father of several of Hemings's children. Historian Merrill Peterson, observing that paternity is hard to prove, wrote in 1960 that no concrete evidence was ever…

  19. Urban legends series: oral leukoplakia.

    PubMed

    Arduino, P G; Bagan, J; El-Naggar, A K; Carrozzo, M

    2013-10-01

    To date, the term oral leukoplakia (OL) should be used to recognize 'predominantly white plaques of questionable risk, having excluded (other) known diseases or disorders that carry no increased risk of cancer'. In this review, we addressed four controversial topics regarding oral leukoplakias (OLs): (i) Do tobacco and alcohol cause OLs?, (ii) What percentage of OLs transform into oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC)?, (iii) Can we distinguish between premalignant and innocent OLs?, and (iv) Is proliferative verrucous leukoplakia (PVL) a specific entity or just a form of multifocal leukoplakia? Results of extensive literature search suggest that (i) no definitive evidence for direct causal relationship between smoked tobacco and alcohol as causative factors of OLs, (ii and iii) the vast majority of OLs follow a benign course and do not progress into a cancer, and no widely accepted and/or validated clinical and/or biological factors can predict malignant transformation, and (iv) the distinction between multifocal/multiple leukoplakias and PVL in their early presentation is impossible; the temporal clinical progression and the high rate of recurrences and development of cancer of PVL are the most reliable features for diagnosis.

  20. Neurological problems of jazz legends.

    PubMed

    Pearl, Phillip L

    2009-08-01

    A variety of neurological problems have affected the lives of giants in the jazz genre. Cole Porter courageously remained prolific after severe leg injuries secondary to an equestrian accident, until he succumbed to osteomyelitis, amputations, depression, and phantom limb pain. George Gershwin resisted explanations for uncinate seizures and personality change and herniated from a right temporal lobe brain tumor, which was a benign cystic glioma. Thelonious Monk had erratic moods, reflected in his pianism, and was ultimately mute and withdrawn, succumbing to cerebrovascular events. Charlie Parker dealt with mood lability and drug dependence, the latter emanating from analgesics following an accident, and ultimately lived as hard as he played his famous bebop saxophone lines and arpeggios. Charles Mingus hummed his last compositions into a tape recorder as he died with motor neuron disease. Bud Powell had severe posttraumatic headaches after being struck by a police stick defending Thelonious Monk during a Harlem club raid.

  1. Urban legends series: lichen planus.

    PubMed

    Baccaglini, L; Thongprasom, K; Carrozzo, M; Bigby, M

    2013-03-01

    Oral Diseases (2012) Lichen planus (LP) is a common disorder affecting the oral cavity (OLP) and skin. Despite intensive research, LP/OLP etiology and treatment remain controversial. We investigated four controversial topics: (i) Is hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection associated with LP and involved in its pathogenesis? (ii) Should all patients with LP be screened for HCV? (iii) Should patients with OLP have all their amalgam restorations removed? (iv) Are there any new treatments for OLP? Results from extensive literature searches suggested that: (i) Robust evidence from three meta-analyses indicate that HCV is associated with LP and might be involved in OLP pathogenesis (ii) It would be prudent to screen patients with LP/OLP at significant risk with an ELISA for HCV antibodies using country-specific screening strategies (iii) There is no evidence that either OLP or oral lichenoid lesions patients would routinely benefit from having all their amalgam restorations replaced. Weak evidence from potentially very biased, small, non-randomized, unblinded studies suggests that a small fraction of patients may benefit from targeted amalgam replacement. (iv) There is weak evidence that, among new OLP treatments, topical pimecrolimus, aloe vera, and oral curcuminoids may be useful. The development of specific formulations for oral delivery of topical medications is a promising field.

  2. Urban legends: recurrent aphthous stomatitis.

    PubMed

    Baccaglini, L; Lalla, R V; Bruce, A J; Sartori-Valinotti, J C; Latortue, M C; Carrozzo, M; Rogers, R S

    2011-11-01

    Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is the most common idiopathic intraoral ulcerative disease in the USA. Aphthae typically occur in apparently healthy individuals, although an association with certain systemic diseases has been reported. Despite the unclear etiopathogenesis, new drug trials are continuously conducted in an attempt to reduce pain and dysfunction. We investigated four controversial topics: (1) Is complex aphthosis a mild form of Behçet's disease (BD)? (2) Is periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome a distinct medical entity? (3) Is RAS associated with other systemic diseases [e.g., celiac disease (CD) and B12 deficiency]? (4) Are there any new RAS treatments? Results from extensive literature searches, including a systematic review of RAS trials, suggested the following: (1) Complex aphthosis is not a mild form of BD in North America or Western Europe; (2) Diagnostic criteria for PFAPA have low specificity and the characteristics of the oral ulcers warrant further studies; (3) Oral ulcers may be associated with CD; however, these ulcers may not be RAS; RAS is rarely associated with B12 deficiency; nevertheless, B12 treatment may be beneficial, via mechanisms that warrant further study; (4) Thirty-three controlled trials published in the past 6 years reported some effectiveness, although potential for bias was high.

  3. Urban legends series: oral candidosis.

    PubMed

    Manfredi, M; Polonelli, L; Aguirre-Urizar, J M; Carrozzo, M; McCullough, M J

    2013-04-01

    Candida species (spp) are commensal yeast that can only instigate oral infection (oral candidosis - OC) when there is an underlying predisposing condition in the host. We investigated four controversial topics on OC: (i) How can a microbiological determination of OC be made as Candida spp. are commensal yeasts and not all of them form hyphae or pseudohyphae during infection? (ii) Is median rhomboid glossitis (MRG) a manifestation of candidal infection? (iii) Can candidal infection cause palate papillary hyperplasia (PPH)? (iv) What is the best therapeutic treatment for denture-associated erythematous stomatitis (DAES)? Results from extensive literature searches, including a systematic review, suggested the following: (i) the diagnosis of OC merely on the basis of the presence of yeasts is an oversimplification of a complex process. No convincing evidence of a single test or method better able to discriminate the transition from candidal saprophytism to pathogenicity has been reported in the literature; (ii-iii) conclusive evidence of a direct aetiopathogenic relationship between MRG and PPH and candidal infection has not been found; and (iv) only limited evidence is available for any DAES treatment, thus making it impossible to make strong therapeutic recommendations.

  4. Urban Legend in Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smiley, Azure Dee

    2006-01-01

    Many European American pre-service special education teachers participate in activities and coursework to prepare them to engage with diverse students in urban settings. This qualitative study explores the experience of two teacher candidates taking part in one such program. Specifically, the interactions and perceptions of the participants' first…

  5. Carroll Cave: a Missouri legend

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Carroll Cave is one of the premiere caves of Missouri and the Ozarks region. At over 20 miles of surveyed passage, it is the 2nd longest cave in the state and 33rd longest in the nation. It is also the largest known cave formed in the Ordovician aged (443-485 million years ago) Gasconade Dolomite o...

  6. Comparison of Orbital Parameters for GEO Debris Predicted by LEGEND and Observed by MODEST: Can Sources of Orbital Debris be Identified?

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barker, Edwin S.; Matney, M. J.; Liou, J.-C.; Abercromby, K. J.; Rodriquez, H. M.; Seitzer, P.

    2006-01-01

    Since 2002 the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has carried out an optical survey of the debris environment in the geosynchronous Earth-orbit (GEO) region with the Michigan Orbital Debris Survey Telescope (MODEST) in Chile. The survey coverage has been similar for 4 of the 5 years allowing us to follow the orbital evolution of Correlated Targets (CTs), both controlled and un-controlled objects, and Un-Correlated Targets (UCTs). Under gravitational perturbations the distributions of uncontrolled objects, both CTs and UCTs, in GEO orbits will evolve in predictable patterns, particularly evident in the inclination and right ascension of the ascending node (RAAN) distributions. There are several clusters (others have used a "cloud" nomenclature) in observed distributions that show evolution from year to year in their inclination and ascending node elements. However, when MODEST is in survey mode (field-of-view approx.1.3deg) it provides only short 5-8 minute orbital arcs which can only be fit under the assumption of a circular orbit approximation (ACO) to determine the orbital parameters. These ACO elements are useful only in a statistical sense as dedicated observing runs would be required to obtain sufficient orbital coverage to determine a set of accurate orbital elements and then to follow their evolution. Identification of the source(s) for these "clusters of UCTs" would be advantageous to the overall definition of the GEO orbital debris environment. This paper will set out to determine if the ACO elements can be used to in a statistical sense to identify the source of the "clustering of UCTs" roughly centered on an inclination of 12deg and a RAAN of 345deg. The breakup of the Titan 3C-4 transtage on February 21, 1992 has been modeled using NASA s LEGEND (LEO-to-GEO Environment Debris) code to generate a GEO debris cloud. Breakup fragments are created based on the NASA Standard Breakup Model (including fragment size, area-to-mass (A/M), and

  7. Comparison of Orbital Parameters for GEO Debris Predicted by LEGEND and Observed by MODEST: Can Sources of Orbital Debris be Identified?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barker, E.; Matney, M. J.; Liou, J.-C.; Abercromby, K.; Rodriguez, H.; Seitzer, P.

    Since 2002 the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has carried out an optical survey of the debris environment in the geosynchronous Earth-orbit (GEO) region with the Michigan Orbital Debris Survey Telescope (MODEST) in Chile. The survey coverage has been similar for 4 of the 5 years allowing us to follow the orbital evolution of Correlated Targets (CTs), both controlled and un-controlled objects, and Un-Correlated Targets (UCTs). Under gravitational perturbations the distributions of uncontrolled objects, both CTs and UCTs, in GEO orbits will evolve in predictable patterns, particularly evident in the inclination and right ascension of the ascending node (RAAN) distributions. There are several clusters (others have used a "cloud" nomenclature) in observed distributions that show evolution from year to year in their inclination and ascending node elements. However, when MODEST is in survey mode (field-of-view ~1.3°) it provides only short 5-8 minute orbital arcs which can only be fit under the assumption of a circular orbit approximation (ACO) to determine the orbital parameters. These ACO elements are useful only in a statistical sense as dedicated observing runs would be required to obtain sufficient orbital coverage to determine a set of accurate orbital elements and then to follow their evolution. Identification of the source(s) for these "clusters of UCTs" would be advantageous to the overall definition of the GEO orbital debris environment. This paper will set out to determine if the ACO elements can be used to in a statistical sense to identify the source of the "clustering of UCTs" roughly centered on an inclination of 12° and a RAAN of 345°. The breakup of the Titan 3C-4 transtage on February 21, 1992 has been modeled using NASA's LEGEND (LEO-to-GEO Environment Debris) code to generate a GEO debris cloud. Breakup fragments are created based on the NASA Standard Breakup Model (including fragment size, area-to-mass (A/M), and delta

  8. The Legend of Sleepy Hollow. [Lesson Plan].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.

    Noting that Washington Irving's classic tale of the Headless Horseman has lately become a Halloween favorite, this lesson plan helps students explore the artistry that helped make Irving the United States' first literary master, and ponders the mystery of what happened to Ichabod Crane. Its 4 lessons seek to make students able to: (1) summarize…

  9. Indians in Sports: Looking for New Legends.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weisel, Sonja

    1998-01-01

    Describes organizations and programs that support athletics among American Indian youth through various strategies: promoting qualified high school athletes to college coaches, providing training to prospective directors of tribal youth recreation and sports programs, coordinating Indian national championships in men's and women's sports, and…

  10. Urban Legends Series: Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis

    PubMed Central

    Baccaglini, Lorena; Lalla, Rajesh V.; Bruce, Alison J.; Sartori-Valinotti, Julio C.; Latortue, Marie C.; Carrozzo, Marco; Rogers, Roy S.

    2011-01-01

    Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is the most common idiopathic intraoral ulcerative disease in the USA. Aphthae typically occur in apparently healthy individuals, although an association with certain systemic diseases has been reported. Despite the unclear etiopathogenesis, new drug trials are continuously conducted in an attempt to reduce pain and dysfunction. We investigated four controversial topics: (1) Is complex aphthosis a mild form of Behçet’s disease (BD)? (2) Is periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome a distinct medical entity? (3) Is RAS associated with other systemic diseases (e.g., celiac disease and B12 deficiency)? (4) Are there any new RAS treatments? Results from extensive literature searches, including a systematic review of RAS trials, suggested that: (1) Complex aphthosis is not a mild form of BD in North America or Western Europe; (2) Diagnostic criteria for PFAPA have low specificity and the characteristics of the oral ulcers warrant further studies; (3) Oral ulcers may be associated with celiac disease; however, these ulcers may not be RAS; RAS is rarely associated with B12 deficiency; nevertheless, B12 treatment may be beneficial, via mechanisms that warrant further study; (4) Thirty-three controlled trials published in the past 6 years reported some effectiveness, though potential for bias was high. PMID:21812866

  11. "Leyendas" (Legends): Connecting Reading Cross-Culturally.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramos-Machail, Nancy; Leavell, Judy A.

    2000-01-01

    Describes how using the Hispanic tale "La Llorona" can help teachers connect cross-culturally with their students for enhanced literacy instruction. Describes ways "La Llorona" may be used in courses for preservice education majors and in elementary and middle-grade classes. Includes an annotated list of seven printed versions of "La Llorona." (SR)

  12. Retelling Arthurian Legend for an Ironic Age

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Gerald

    2005-01-01

    The author of this article, who writes a series of Arthurian books, states that Arthurian retellings for children often fall into one of two extreme categories: (1) they are prim, romantic, reverential tales with soft-focus illustrations and soft-headed heroes; or (2) they are overt spoofs of the literature, a la Mark Twain and Monty Python. He…

  13. [The "Werther-effect": legend or reality?].

    PubMed

    Niederkrotenthaler, Thomas; Herberth, Arno; Sonneck, Gernot

    2007-01-01

    In social sciences and in medicine, the term "Werther-effect" is used as a synonym for media induced imitation effects of suicidal behaviour. In Goethe s novel, the contemporary recipient could find a lot of details to identify with. One of these aspects is the detailed description of Werther s mental state, which suggests that suicidality plays a role in the novel a long time before the suicidal act at the end. Even though we find several reports on imitation effects connected to Goethe s Werther in literary works, the epidemiological extent of this phenomenon could never be determined. Also current social scientific research on the impact of suicide stories on suicidal behaviour could not completely remove the remaining lack of evidence of the phenomenon. Nevertheless, many studies support the hypothesis, that some aspects of quality of reporting could trigger short-term increases of suicides in certain population subgroups. In Austria, "Media Guidelines for Reporting on Suicides", have been issued to the media since 1987 as a suicide-preventive experiment. Since then, the aims of the experiment have been to reduce the numbers of suicides and suicide attempts in the Viennese subway and to reduce the overall suicide numbers. After the introduction of the media guidelines, the number of subway suicides and suicide attempts dropped more than 80% within 6 months. Since 1991, suicides plus suicide attempts - but not the number of suicides alone - have slowly and significantly increased. The increase of passenger numbers of the Viennese subway, which have nearly doubled, and the decrease of the overall suicide numbers in Vienna (-40%) and Austria (-33%) since mid 1987 increase the plausibility of the hypothesis, that the Austrian media guidelines have had an impact on suicidal behavior. PMID:18082110

  14. The Legend of Joe the Martian.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edgett, Ken

    1998-01-01

    Describes how a fourth-grade homework assignment sparked a lifelong passion to study Mars. A Mars scientist shares how he became interested in his career. Also provides a status report of the agenda of Mars missions and includes information on related resources. (DDR)

  15. Myths and legends in learning classification rules

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Buntine, Wray

    1990-01-01

    This paper is a discussion of machine learning theory on empirically learning classification rules. The paper proposes six myths in the machine learning community that address issues of bias, learning as search, computational learning theory, Occam's razor, 'universal' learning algorithms, and interactive learnings. Some of the problems raised are also addressed from a Bayesian perspective. The paper concludes by suggesting questions that machine learning researchers should be addressing both theoretically and experimentally.

  16. Myths and legends in learning classification rules

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Buntine, Wray

    1990-01-01

    A discussion is presented of machine learning theory on empirically learning classification rules. Six myths are proposed in the machine learning community that address issues of bias, learning as search, computational learning theory, Occam's razor, universal learning algorithms, and interactive learning. Some of the problems raised are also addressed from a Bayesian perspective. Questions are suggested that machine learning researchers should be addressing both theoretically and experimentally.

  17. Following in the Footsteps of Legends

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seymour, Add, Jr.

    2007-01-01

    Walter Massey and Morehouse College seem to have been destined for each other. His enrollment to the college in the 1950s was more a matter of fate than anything else--when his mother drove a group of boys from his hometown of Hattiesburg, Mississippi, up to the college to take an early admission test, a 16-year-old Massey went along for the ride.…

  18. Bronchopulmonary lophomoniasis: emerging disease or unsubstantiated legend?

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    The relationship between Lophomonas, a genus of multiflagellated protozoa, and respiratory pathology has recently received attention. Here, we summarize the origin, mode of transmission, pathogenic mechanism and relevant clinical data of bronchopulmonary lophomoniasis. PMID:24957324

  19. Four historic legends in human papillomaviruses research.

    PubMed

    Mammas, Ioannis N; Spandidos, Demetrios A

    2015-01-01

    Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) infection and HPVs-associated lesions, including skin warts in children and adults and cervical neoplasia in women, have been excessively studied since ancient years. In our article, we present briefly four major researchers from the HPVs pre-vaccination historic period: Hippokrates the Asclepiad, Domenico Antonio Rigoni-Stern, George N. Papanicolaou and Harald zur Hausen.

  20. Exploding lakes and maleficent water in Grassfields legends and myth

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shanklin, Eugenia

    1989-11-01

    In August 1984 Lake Manoun 'exploded', killing 37 people. In August 1986 Lake Nyos 'exploded', killing more than 1700 people. Both explosions occurred in the rainy season, two years and six days apart. Have there been similar explosions in the Cameroon Grassfields in the past? This paper argues that such explosions have occurred, and have been recorded in area folklore in the form of migration stories that point unmistakably to the 'maleficent' activities of lakes and other bodies of water. Two migration stories are considered and compared: an ephemeral exploding lake that destroys the Bamessi people in the Kom story, and a crater lake in the Oku story, in which the lake is said to have 'left its bed' to destroy the people of Kijem. In examining the category of 'maleficent water', several types of potentially maleficent water are considered, including indigenous classifications of lakes as 'good' or 'bad', and stories about devils or witches associated with water. All suggest that the folklore motif of dangerous, destructive water may have its basis in observed fact. While this evidence is not conclusive, it is highly suggestive and, in combination with evidence that the area around Nyos is very recently settled, it lends credence to the supposition that the crater lakes of the area may have a 'life cycle' that involves changes of sometimes stupendous, often dangerous, proportions.

  1. [A legend of tropical veterinary medicine: Dick Zwart].

    PubMed

    Dwinger, Ron; Uilenberg, Gerrit

    2014-01-01

    An overview is given of the achievements of Professor Dr. D. Zwart (1930-2005). Following a brief introduction dealing with his background, his first eleven years of working in tropical countries are reviewed. Initially he was employed as a government veterinarian in Dutch New Guinea, followed by five years as a scientist at the agricultural faculty in Kumasi, Ghana, where he completed his PhD on liver cirrhosis in local pigs. He was seconded by the Department of Tropical Veterinary Medicine at Utrecht University to work as a virologist in Vom, Nigeria. Once back in The Netherlands, he was selected to take over the position of head of the Department due to the unexpected death of Professor S. G. Wilson. He stayed for 20 years at Utrecht University and was for another nine years department head at the Agricultural University of Wageningen. He was an influential man during this long period as department head, not only for his students, but also in the international field. Four aspects of the achievements by Dick are highlighted in detail: as a scientist, as an educator, as a stimulating figure, and as a visionary.

  2. Learning from the Legends: Leadership Tips for Coaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Docheff, Dennis M.

    2013-01-01

    Leadership is a quality that aspiring and current coaches strive to develop. Sadly, there are too few programs that assist in the preparation of coaches. One avenue for learning is to seek advice and guidance from coaches of the past. The purpose of this article is to provide leadership tips from some of the elite coaches in history, such as…

  3. Lunar phases and seizure occurrence: just an ancient legend?

    PubMed

    Polychronopoulos, P; Argyriou, A A; Sirrou, V; Huliara, V; Aplada, M; Gourzis, P; Economou, A; Terzis, E; Chroni, E

    2006-05-01

    The authors retrospectively reviewed all neurologic records of an emergency unit from 1999 to 2003 to identify a potential association between lunar phases and seizure occurrence. Overall 859 patients admitted for seizure occurrence were divided into the four quarters of the synodic month according to moon phases. A significant clustering of seizures around the full moon period was observed, supporting the ancient belief of periodic increased seizure frequency during full-moon days.

  4. Human and ape: the legend, the history and the DNA

    PubMed Central

    Diamandopoulos, AA; Goudas, CP

    2007-01-01

    A vast amount of papers is published every year about species evolution, the most interesting being those recently published in the journal "Nature", concerning the human-ape relationship. The results and the new theories generated from this research are sometimes astonishing, rising not only biological, but also social, religious and cultural questions. One of the new questions concerns the role of species interbreeding as a means of evolution. In the subject of species interbreeding between human and ape we found some interesting historical and mythical information that sort of back-up this theory of interbreeding, with a historical and cultural side of view. PMID:19582186

  5. Legends of the field: influential scholars in multicultural counseling.

    PubMed

    Ponterotto, Joseph G; Fingerhut, Esther C; McGuinness, Ryan

    2012-10-01

    This study identified the most frequently cited scholars across 28 leading multicultural textbooks used in the training of counselors and counseling psychologists. Four spheres or clusters of multicultural scholars were identified and were characterized, respectively, as having either a profound, highly significant, significant, or important impact on the academic multicultural training of counseling graduate students. The top-cited scholars across the textbooks were also examined in relation to their scholarly productivity (number of publications) and their impact (number of citations) in peer-reviewed journals. Specifically, multicultural scholars were assessed on the delta-beta coefficient, Scopus and PsycINFO publications count, Scopus citations, and the increasingly popular h-index of scientific impact. Limitations of the study and implications of the findings for counseling training were highlighted.

  6. Suburban Legend: School Cutoff Dates and the Timing of Births

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickert-Conlin, Stacy; Elder, Todd

    2010-01-01

    Many states require children to reach age 5 by a specified date in the calendar year in order to begin kindergarten. We use birth certificate records from 1999 to 2004 to assess whether parents systematically time childbirth before these eligibility cutoff dates to capture the option value of sending their child to school at a relatively young…

  7. Local Legends of Medicine: Janelle Goetcheus, M.D.

    MedlinePlus

    ... care organization. Goetcheus found her life's calling after first visiting Washington in 1976 with her minister husband — and being shocked at what they encountered. "I had wanted to be a doctor in a third-world country. Until I arrived here, I was ignorant of ...

  8. Myths and Legends in Orthopaedic Practice: Are We All Guilty?

    PubMed Central

    Immerman, Igor

    2008-01-01

    Over years of practice, many beliefs and practices become entrenched as tried and tested, and we subconsciously believe they are based on scientific evidence. We identified nine such beliefs by interviewing orthopaedic surgeons in which studies (or lack thereof) apparently do not support such practices. These are: changing the scalpel blade after the skin incision to limit contamination; bending the patient’s knee when applying a thigh tourniquet; bed rest for treatment of deep vein thrombosis; antibiotics in irrigation solution; routine use of hip precautions; routine use of antibiotics for the duration of wound drains; routine removal of hardware in children; correlation between operative time and infection; and not changing dressings on the floor before scrubbing. A survey of 186 practicing orthopaedic surgeons in academic and community settings was performed to assess their routine practice patterns. We present the results of the survey along with an in-depth literature review of these topics. Most surgeon practices are based on a combination of knowledge gained during training, reading the literature, and personal experience. The results of this survey hopefully will raise the awareness of the selected literature for common practices. PMID:18726654

  9. [A legend of tropical veterinary medicine: Dick Zwart].

    PubMed

    Dwinger, Ron; Uilenberg, Gerrit

    2014-01-01

    An overview is given of the achievements of Professor Dr. D. Zwart (1930-2005). Following a brief introduction dealing with his background, his first eleven years of working in tropical countries are reviewed. Initially he was employed as a government veterinarian in Dutch New Guinea, followed by five years as a scientist at the agricultural faculty in Kumasi, Ghana, where he completed his PhD on liver cirrhosis in local pigs. He was seconded by the Department of Tropical Veterinary Medicine at Utrecht University to work as a virologist in Vom, Nigeria. Once back in The Netherlands, he was selected to take over the position of head of the Department due to the unexpected death of Professor S. G. Wilson. He stayed for 20 years at Utrecht University and was for another nine years department head at the Agricultural University of Wageningen. He was an influential man during this long period as department head, not only for his students, but also in the international field. Four aspects of the achievements by Dick are highlighted in detail: as a scientist, as an educator, as a stimulating figure, and as a visionary. PMID:25029758

  10. Gender Differences in Antihypertensive Treatment: Myths or Legends?

    PubMed

    Muiesan, Maria Lorenza; Salvetti, Massimo; Rosei, Claudia Agabiti; Paini, Anna

    2016-06-01

    In European countries and in the USA, hypertension represents an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in men and women. Women do not perceive CVD as an important health problem, despite the evidence that women are more at risk to die from hypertension-related CVD than men. A correct prevention strategy should more widely acknowledge sex-specific risk factors, such as hypertension in pregnancy, and the benefit of treating hypertension in both men and women. In more recent years, hypertension awareness and treatment rates are higher in women than in men while blood pressure control rates are improving, but remain still lower in older hypertensive women. Differences have been described regarding the pattern of antihypertensive drug prescription and use in hypertensive men and women; women are more frequently treated with diuretics and less frequently with angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE)-inhibitors and angiotensin-receptors blockers. Calcium-antagonists appear to be particularly effective in women. Data from large clinical trials and meta-analyses offer strong evidence that the efficacy of the various drug classes in prevention of CV events does not differ by sex, and therefore the choice of the drug cannot be based only on this criterion in post- menopausal women. There are currently no specific blood pressure (BP) treatment goals for post-menopausal hypertension. PMID:27106810

  11. Urban legends series: Sjögren's syndrome.

    PubMed

    Aframian, D J; Konttinen, Y T; Carrozzo, M; Tzioufas, A G

    2013-01-01

    Sjögren's syndrome (SjS) is one of the most common autoimmune rheumatic diseases, clinically characterized by xerostomia and keratoconjunctivitis sicca. We investigated the following controversial topics: (i) Do we have reliable ways of assessing saliva production? (ii) How important are the quantity and quality of saliva? (iii) Are only anti-SSA/Ro and anti-SSB/La relevant for the diagnosis of SjS? (iv) Are the American-European Consensus criteria (AECC) the best way to diagnose SjS? Results from literature searches suggested the following: (i) Despite the fact that numerous tests are available to assess salivation rates, direct comparisons among them are scarce with little evidence to suggest one best test. (ii) Recent developments highlight the importance of investigating the composition of saliva. However, more research is needed to standardize the methods of analysis and collection and refine the quality of the accumulating data. (iii) In addition to anti-Ro/La autoantibodies, anti α-fodrin IgA and anti-MR3 autoantibodies seem to be promising diagnostic markers of SjS, but more studies are warranted to test their sensitivity and specificity. (iv) AECC are classification, not diagnostic criteria. Moreover, recent innovations have not been incorporated into these criteria. Consequently, treatment directed to patients diagnosed using the AECC might exclude a significant proportion of patients with SjS.

  12. Urban legends series: oral manifestations of HIV infection.

    PubMed

    Patton, L L; Ramirez-Amador, V; Anaya-Saavedra, G; Nittayananta, W; Carrozzo, M; Ranganathan, K

    2013-09-01

    Human immunodeficiency virus-related oral lesions (HIV-OLs), such as oral candidiasis (OC) and oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL), have been recognized as indicators of immune suppression since the beginning of the global HIV epidemic. The diagnosis and management of HIV disease and spectrum of opportunistic infection has changed over the past 30 years as our understanding of the infection has evolved. We investigated the following controversial topics: (i) Are oral manifestations of HIV still relevant after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)? (ii) Can we nowadays still diagnose HIV infection through oral lesions? (iii) Is the actual classification of oral manifestations of HIV adequate or does it need to be reviewed and updated? (iv) Is there any novelty in the treatment of oral manifestations of HIV infection? Results from extensive literature review suggested the following: (i) While HAART has resulted in significant reductions in HIV-OLs, many are still seen in patients with HIV infection, with OC remaining the most common lesion. While the relationship between oral warts and the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome is less clear, the malignant potential of oral human papillomavirus infection is gaining increasing attention. (ii) Effective antiretroviral therapy has transformed HIV from a fatal illness to a chronic manageable condition and as a result expanded screening policies for HIV are being advocated both in developed and in developing countries. Affordable, reliable, and easy-to-use diagnostic techniques have been recently introduced likely restricting the importance of HIV-OLs in diagnosis. (iii) The 1993 EC-Clearinghouse classification of HIV-OLs is still globally used despite controversy on the relevance of periodontal diseases today. HIV-OL case definitions were updated in 2009 to facilitate the accuracy of HIV-OL diagnoses by non-dental healthcare workers in large-scale epidemiologic studies and clinical trials. (iv) Research over the last 6 years on novel modalities for the treatment of HIV-OLs has been reported for OC and OHL.

  13. Professor Ludwik Rydygier father and legend of Polish surgery.

    PubMed

    Bielecki, K

    2011-02-01

    Ludwik Rydygier is undoubtedly the father of Polish gastrointestinal surgery. He performed two pioneering stomach operations: on 16 November 1880, first in Poland and second in the world after Jules Pean, the surgical removal of the pylorus in a 64-year-old patient suffering from stomach cancer; the operation took about four hours, unfortunately the patient died 12 hours later, and on 21 November 1881 he performed the world's first pylorectomy due to gastric ulcer, applying his own method of pylorectomy followed by the restoration by end-to-end anastomosis of the duodenal stump with the stomach stump; the patient survived the operation and recovered. Three years later, Rydygier introduced a new method of surgical treatment of peptic ulcer disease by means of gastroenterostomy. This review was designed to commemorate the outstanding achievements of Professor Rydygier, who worked at two universities: at the Jagiellonian University in Cracow, and at the Lemberg (Lviv) University. He was one of the founders of the Association of Polish Surgeons and an organizer of the first Meeting of Polish Surgeons in 1889. He was the author of over 200 published papers and several text-books on surgical infections, surgical techniques, orthopaedics and traumatology, urology, neurosurgery, and gynaecology. Professor Ludwik Rydygier possessed comprehensive knowledge of surgery and other medical disciplines, he was a courageous surgeon and skilled operator, being at the same time an extremely gifted organizer. His promotion to the rank of General of Polish Army crowned his credits for country's defence. At the anniversary of 90 years after his death, Polish surgeons pay the tribute to their mentor. PMID:21451218

  14. The legend and lessons of Geel, Belgium: a 1500-year-old legend, a 21st-century model.

    PubMed

    Goldstein, Jackie L; Godemont, Marc M L

    2003-10-01

    Geel, Belgium, is the home of a legendary system of foster family care for the mentally ill. The current status of Geel's modern system of integrated community care and the 700-year history of this system (including the 10-year-long, international, multi-disciplinary Geel Research Project) are described. As a case study, Geel offers a microcosmic encapsulation of major issues related to mental illness. Though these issues have been dealt with across time and in all places, here they are contained in a single community. This is a case study that can help other communities to identify significant factors that contribute to successful community mental health programs.

  15. Legend and legacy: Fifty years of defense production at the Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect

    Gerber, M.S.

    1992-09-01

    Today, the Hanford Site is engaged in the largest waste cleanup effort ever undertaken in human history. That in itself makes the endeavor historic and unique. The Hanford Site has been designated the ``flagship`` of Department of Energy (DOE) waste remediation endeavors. And, just as the wartime Hanford Project remains unmatched in history, no counterpart exists for the current waste cleanup enterprise. This report provides a summary of the extensive historical record, however, which does give a partial road map. The science of environmental monitoring pioneered at the Hanford Site, and records of this type are the most complete of any in the world, from private companies or public agencies, for the early years of Site operations. The Hanford Site was unique for establishing a detailed, scientific, and multi-faceted environmental monitoring program.

  16. Becoming Chemists through Game-Based Inquiry Learning: The Case of "Legends of Alkhimia"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chee, Yam San; Tan, Kim Chwee Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Traditional modes of chemistry education in schools focus on imparting chemistry knowledge to students via instruction. Consequently, students often acquire the mistaken understanding that scientific knowledge comprises a fixed body of "proven" facts. They fail to comprehend that the construction of scientific understanding is a human and social…

  17. Neurocognitive and Somatic Components of Temperature Increases during g-Tummo Meditation: Legend and Reality

    PubMed Central

    Kozhevnikov, Maria; Elliott, James; Shephard, Jennifer; Gramann, Klaus

    2013-01-01

    Stories of g-tummo meditators mysteriously able to dry wet sheets wrapped around their naked bodies during a frigid Himalayan ceremony have intrigued scholars and laypersons alike for a century. Study 1 was conducted in remote monasteries of eastern Tibet with expert meditators performing g-tummo practices while their axillary temperature and electroencephalographic (EEG) activity were measured. Study 2 was conducted with Western participants (a non-meditator control group) instructed to use the somatic component of the g-tummo practice (vase breathing) without utilization of meditative visualization. Reliable increases in axillary temperature from normal to slight or moderate fever zone (up to 38.3°C) were observed among meditators only during the Forceful Breath type of g-tummo meditation accompanied by increases in alpha, beta, and gamma power. The magnitude of the temperature increases significantly correlated with the increases in alpha power during Forceful Breath meditation. The findings indicate that there are two factors affecting temperature increase. The first is the somatic component which causes thermogenesis, while the second is the neurocognitive component (meditative visualization) that aids in sustaining temperature increases for longer periods. Without meditative visualization, both meditators and non-meditators were capable of using the Forceful Breath vase breathing only for a limited time, resulting in limited temperature increases in the range of normal body temperature. Overall, the results suggest that specific aspects of the g-tummo technique might help non-meditators learn how to regulate their body temperature, which has implications for improving health and regulating cognitive performance. PMID:23555572

  18. Best Practices Case Study: Tindall Homes - Princeton, NJ, Legends at Mansfield, Columbus, NJ

    SciTech Connect

    2011-09-01

    Case Study of Tindall Homes, who worked with Building America to design an optimal package including advanced framing, insulated precast concrete basement walls, polyurethane foam in the walls, and R-49 of batt plus blown cellulose in the attics. Some homes included a detached garden shed with photovoltaic panel-covered roofs.

  19. 9 CFR 325.1 - Transactions in commerce prohibited without official inspection legend or certificate when...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... foreign matter (such as dust, dirt, rust, or other articles or residues), and free of chemical residues... could cause adulteration is corrected. Product placed in any means of conveyance that is found by...

  20. 9 CFR 325.1 - Transactions in commerce prohibited without official inspection legend or certificate when...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... foreign matter (such as dust, dirt, rust, or other articles or residues), and free of chemical residues... could cause adulteration is corrected. Product placed in any means of conveyance that is found by...

  1. 9 CFR 325.1 - Transactions in commerce prohibited without official inspection legend or certificate when...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... foreign matter (such as dust, dirt, rust, or other articles or residues), and free of chemical residues... could cause adulteration is corrected. Product placed in any means of conveyance that is found by...

  2. 9 CFR 325.1 - Transactions in commerce prohibited without official inspection legend or certificate when...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... foreign matter (such as dust, dirt, rust, or other articles or residues), and free of chemical residues... could cause adulteration is corrected. Product placed in any means of conveyance that is found by...

  3. Video gamers of League of Legends: The role of passion in abusive use and in performance.

    PubMed

    Bertran, Enric; Chamarro, Andrés

    2016-01-01

    There is growing concern about the addictive potential of Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Games (MMORPG). The Multiplayer Online Battle Arena (MOBA) is a new genre, poorly studied but very popular, in which performance holds priority over immersion. The aim of the current study was to explore the influence of passion both on abuse and performance, using the dualistic model of passion. A total of 369 participants completed an online questionnaire that included problematic use and the Passion Scale. From players' nicknames, performance statistics were obtained. The results show that harmonious passion is a protector from negative consequences. On the other hand, obsessive passion predicts negative consequences and use of videogames for evasion. Obsessive passion also predicts better performance. These results suggest that distinguishing the two kinds of passion is important because they influence vulnerability to developing maladaptive behaviors and also players' performance. PMID:26990387

  4. Einstein*s witches* sabbath in Brussels: The legend and the facts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lambert, Franklin J.

    2015-09-01

    This paper is about the first Solvay Council on Physics, its surprising origin and its far reaching consequences. In spite of the various accounts that have been given by several authors - they include historians of science, but also outstanding scientists, such as Leon Rosenfeld, Niels Bohr and Eduardo Amaldi - it appears that only limited attention was paid so far to the more singular aspects of this legendary meeting, and to the peculiar circumstances which led to its convening. This fact may be due to the restricted availability of relevant documents, many of which are located in different archives. It also reflects the rather abstract character of Ernest Solvay*s Institute of Physics - an Institute without a permanent staff, governed by geographically separated bodies: a scientific committee with a chairman in Haarlem, a secretary in Copenhagen and an administrative committee in Brussels. One of the purposes of the paper is to fill this gap by revisiting the course of events which led to Solvay*s invitation of June 1911. Another aim is to present a brief, yet balanced, account of the deliberations which took place in October-November 1911, by pointing at some elements that may be regarded as highlights of the Council, and by focusing on the contrasting aspects of its main results: the contrast between the Council*s disappointing conclusions on the one hand, and its positive consequences on the other hand. Special attention in this context is given to the unexpected concern about the validity of Planck*s law, expressed by Emil Warburg, and to the apparent contradictions in Einstein*s private reactions to the outcome of the Brussels meeting. The paper also aims at restoring the truth about some facts regarding the Solvay reports and their discussion, by revealing the discrepancies between the official account - the Gauthier-Villars volume "La théorie du rayonnement et les quanta", published in 1912, and the actual proceedings of the conference, based on notes taken during the meeting by Maurice de Broglie. A significant point is the removal from the official volume of an important remark made by Planck about the status of the "heat theorem" during the discussion of Nernst*s report. A last section of the paper is devoted to one of the durable consequences of the Council: Solvay*s decision to create the International Institutes of Physics. This section serves as an introduction to Frits Berends* paper: "Lorentz, the Solvay Councils and the Physics Institute".

  5. Come Closer around the Fire. Using Tribal Legends, Myths, and Stories in Preventing Drug Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Multicultural Awareness, Arlington, VA.

    Intended for people working in drug abuse prevention or trying to help American Indian youth feel pride in themselves and their culture, the booklet provides specific guidelines on how to use tribal stories in preventing drug abuse. Following a brief introduction to drug abuse problems and prevention strategies, the booklet explains three kinds of…

  6. 15 CFR Appendix D to Part 30 - AES Filing Citation, Exemption and Exclusion Legends

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 01/01/2006. VI. Standard Exclusions are found in 15 CFR 30, Subpart A, § 30.2(d)(1) through § 30.2(d...-Value Shipments NOEEI § 30.37(a). IX. Miscellaneous Exemption Statements are found in 15 CFR 30 Subpart....S. Government Agencies and Employees (Exemption Statements are found in 15 CFR 30 Subpart D §...

  7. Video gamers of League of Legends: The role of passion in abusive use and in performance.

    PubMed

    Bertran, Enric; Chamarro, Andrés

    2016-03-02

    There is growing concern about the addictive potential of Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Games (MMORPG). The Multiplayer Online Battle Arena (MOBA) is a new genre, poorly studied but very popular, in which performance holds priority over immersion. The aim of the current study was to explore the influence of passion both on abuse and performance, using the dualistic model of passion. A total of 369 participants completed an online questionnaire that included problematic use and the Passion Scale. From players' nicknames, performance statistics were obtained. The results show that harmonious passion is a protector from negative consequences. On the other hand, obsessive passion predicts negative consequences and use of videogames for evasion. Obsessive passion also predicts better performance. These results suggest that distinguishing the two kinds of passion is important because they influence vulnerability to developing maladaptive behaviors and also players' performance.

  8. America's Wild Horses. Five Day Lesson Plan and Workbook--4th Grade. Legend.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weeks, Arlene E.

    This document contains a teaching guide and a children's activity book about the wild horses and burros living on Nevada public lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). In 1971 Congress passed legislation to protect, manage, and control wild horses and burros on public lands. The BLM maintains 270 herd management areas in 10 states.…

  9. DOE ZERH Case Study: TC Legend Homes, Bellingham Power House, Bellingham, WA

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2015-09-01

    Case study of a DOE 2015 Housing Innovation Award winning custom home in the marine climate that got HERS 34 without PV or HERS -12 with PV, with 6” SIP walls and 10” SIP roof; R-28 ICF around slab, R-20 rigid foam under slab; radiant floor heat and passive design; air-to-water heat pump COP 4.4; HRV; earth tube ventilation; triple-pane windows, 100% LED.

  10. Ungipaghaghlanga: Quutmiit Yupigita Ungipaghaatangit = Let Me Tell a Story: Legends of the Siberian Eskimos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koonooka, Christopher

    The language of these stories, Siberian Yupik, in this book were first written down by Russian educator and linguist, Gregoriy A. Menovshchikov, during his 30 years of teaching and working with Eskimo languages in Chukotka, Russian, beginning in the 1930s. Siberian Yupik is the ancestral language of more than 2,000 people equally divided between…

  11. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: TC Legend Homes — Cedarwood, Bellingham, WA

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2014-09-01

    This house was the Grand Winner in the Affordable Builder category of the 2014 Housing Innovation Awards, and has 6-inch SIP walls, a 10-inch structural insulated panel roof, and insulating concrete forms foundation walls with R-20 high-density rigid EPS foam under the slab.A single ductless heat pump heats and cools the home, which also gets passive solar heating from south-facing triple-pane windows that heat a concrete slab floor plus a connected greenhouse.

  12. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: TC Legend Homes, Seattle, Washington

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2013-09-01

    This house incorporates slab-on-grade, EPS roof, and radiant heating with an air-to-water heat pump that also preheats domestic hot water. Without counting in the solar panels, the home earns a home energy rating system (HERS) score of 37, with projected utility bills of about $740 a year. With the 6.4-kW photovoltaic power system installed on the roof, the home’s HERS scores drops to -1 and utility bills for the all-electric home drop to zero. This home was awarded a 2013 Housing Innovation Award in the affordable builder category.

  13. Uterine structural anomalies and arthrogryposis-death of an urban legend.

    PubMed

    Hall, Judith G

    2013-01-01

    In a review of 2,300 cases of arthrogryposis collected over the last 35 years, 33 cases of maternal uterine structural anomalies were identified (1.3%). These cases of arthrogryposis represent a very heterogeneous group of types of arthrogryposis. Over half of individuals affected with arthrogryposis demonstrated asymmetry and some responded to removal of constraint, 29 of the 33 cases of arthrogryposis whose mother had a uterine structural anomaly could be identified as having a specific recognizable type of arthrogryposis. Only two cases (0.08%) had primarily proximal contractures that returned to almost normal function within 1 year. Craniofacial asymmetry was the most striking finding in these two cases. A quarter of cases had ruptured membranes between 32 and 36 weeks and either oligohydramnios or prematurity. The pregnancy histories of the mothers with uterine structural anomalies were typical in having infertility, multiple miscarriages, and stillbirths. The finding of only two cases which are likely to have multiple congenital contractures on the basis of uterine constraint suggests that it is a very rare primary cause of arthrogryposis. PMID:23239599

  14. [In the wake of a legend: the Semmelweis family of Zirc].

    PubMed

    Kapronczay, Károly

    2002-01-01

    This short, genealogical article summarized the history of the Semmelweis family, focusing on the Semmelweis living in a small Hungarian town, Zirc. The Semmelweis-ancestors probably came to Hungary from Rhineland (Germany) in the 17th century. Ignác Fülöp, Semmelweis' father moved to Buda in 1806, where he started a small, but flourishing grocery, the "White Elephant" in the building owned today by the Semmelweis Museum of the History of Medicine. Based on archival sources, author supposes that other members of the family had already lived in Buda before Joseph Semmelweis moved there. During the 19th century several members of the Semmelweis family changed their name to "Szemerkényi" which later proved to be a problem for the widow of I. P. Semmelweis, who, when her husband was made a "national hero", could not regain the former name. Today the descendants of the Semmelweis family are living dispersed all over the world (in France, Sweden, Australia, etc.). Some members of the family, e.g. Károly Semmelweis, Ferenc Semmelweis and Ernö Remsey worked also as physicians.

  15. The pathobiography and death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: from legend to reality.

    PubMed

    Baroni, C D

    1997-05-01

    Mozart, perhaps one of the greatest geniuses of modern age, died mysteriously at the age of 35 in Vienna in 1791. The causes of his death are still somewhat obscure and debated since we do not have any documentation acceptable by current scientific standards. Inevitably, the conclusions reached are highly debatable. In the present article the various interpretations of Mozart's death are taken into consideration-from his possible poisoning to causes of death more acceptable by the present diagnostic criteria. We suggest that the terminal cause of death was brain hemorrhaging or stroke, complicated by broncopneumonia and associated with renal failure induced by proliferative glomerulonephritis and glomerulosclerosis.

  16. Paternal function and thirdness in psychoanalysis and legend: has the future been foretold?

    PubMed

    Perelberg, Rosine Jozef

    2013-07-01

    This paper examines the Akedah, the biblical narrative of the Binding of Isaac, and suggests that this story may be interpreted as inaugurating paternal function and thirdness. It marks the passage from the narcissistic father to the symbolic, dead father, and the institution of the Law that forbids all killings, opening up the succession of the generations. The author suggests that time is an essential element in establishing thirdness, creating a link between the here and now and the there and then in the après coup of the psychoanalytic process. The author also briefly reviews the psychoanalytic literature on thirdness and indicates this paper's contribution to it. PMID:23824647

  17. Truth in Urban Legends? Using Snopes.com to Teach Source Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeGroot, Jocelyn M.

    2011-01-01

    Information spreads online at a much faster rate than ever before, often without being confirmed by trustworthy sources. Students must be able to evaluate the online source and the online source's information for accuracy and credibility. In public speaking, argumentation, and persuasion classes (among others), students are taught to use confirmed…

  18. Mythology and Legend in the Aztec World. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars Abroad, 1999 (Mexico).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shapiro, Aline

    This curriculum project, using research and literary and historical perspectives, seeks to help students develop an awareness of the rich cultural diversity of Mexico through studying the mythology of the Aztec people. Through literature and storytelling, students see how mythology is often about real people and events and woven into the fabric of…

  19. [CANNABIS AND GLAUCOMA: AN ANCIENT LEGEND OR A NOVEL THERAPEUTIC HORIZON?].

    PubMed

    Mathalone, Nurit; Wolf, Alvit; Geyer, Orna

    2015-06-01

    Glaucoma causes damage to the optic nerve and compromises the visual field. The main risk factor of the disease is the level of the intra-ocular pressure. Therapeutic options include medical and surgical treatment, aimed to lower the intra-ocular pressure. Consumption of the cannabis plant (Cannabis Satival has been known since ancient times. It can be consumed orally, topically, intra-venous or by inhalation. The main active ingredient of cannabis is THC (Tetra-Hydro-Cannabinol). One of THC's reported effects is the reduction of intra-ocular pressure. Several studies have demonstrated temporary intra-ocular pressure decrease in both healthy subjects and glaucoma patients following topical application or systemic consumption. The effect was a short term one. It was followed by the development of resistance to the drug after prolonged intake and it was also accompanied by topical and systemic side effects. Cannabis may be considered as a therapeutic option in glaucoma. Its limited effect, development of resistance, acquired side effects and the accompanying psycho-active influence limit its advantage and cause its efficacy to be dubious. Therefore, cannabis treatment for glaucoma currently seems impractical and is not recommended by either the Israeli or the American glaucoma societies.

  20. Ugiuvangmiut Quliapyuit = King Island Tales. Eskimo History and Legends from Bering Strait.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaplan, Lawrence D., Ed.

    The collection of native tales from King Island, Alaska, contains tales told originally in Inupiaq Eskimo by seven native elders. Introductory sections provide background information on the storytellers, King Island Village and its people, traditional life there, and the language of the King Islanders. The 25 tales are divided into groups: "The…

  1. 15 CFR Appendix D to Part 30 - AES Filing Citation, Exemption and Exclusion Legends

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 01/01/2006. VI. Standard Exclusions are found in 15 CFR 30, Subpart A, § 30.2(d)(1) through § 30.2(d....S. Government Agencies and Employees (Exemption Statements are found in 15 CFR 30 Subpart D § 30.40...-Value Shipments NOEEI § 30.37(a). IX. Miscellaneous Exemption Statements are found in 15 CFR 30...

  2. Whole Language and the Great Plummet of 1987-92: An Urban Legend from California.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krashen, Stephen

    2002-01-01

    Argues that California's low fourth-grade National Assessment of Educational Progress reading scores between 1987 and 1992 were not related to the whole-language approach to reading instruction introduced in 1987. Suggests that low scores are caused by limited student access to books in school and public libraries. (Contains 36 references.) (PKP)

  3. Rediscovering the Kernels of Truth in the Urban Legends of the Freshman Composition Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lovoy, Thomas

    2004-01-01

    English teachers, as well as teachers within other disciplines, often boil down abstract principles to easily explainable bullet points. Students often pick up and retain these points but fail to grasp the broader contexts that make them relevant. It is therefore sometimes helpful to revisit some of the more common of these "rules of thumb" to…

  4. Debunking Urban Legends about Seismic Velocities in Urban Basins Using Oil Industry Sonic and Density Logs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brocher, T. M.

    2004-12-01

    I use compressional-wave (sonic) and density logs from 130 oil industry boreholes to debunk several simplistic myths about velocity-depth functions commonly used in site response estimates and computer modeling of seismic waves in basins. The logs are being used to help construct a new 3-D velocity model for the greater San Francisco Bay Area, and to test tomography and gravity models of the region. The logs sample strata to an average depth of 2 km, some as deep as 5.6 km, in several urban sedimentary basins, mainly in northern California. The logs sample primarily Pliocene to Upper Cretaceous clastic sedimentary rocks including shales, sandstones, and conglomerates: higher-velocity chemical precipitates such as carbonates, dolomites, anhydrites, and halites are notably missing. Myth #1: Velocity increases monotonically with depth. Many logs show abrupt, pronounced, and thick low velocity zones often associated with an abrupt downward reduction of the grain size of the sedimentary strata. These low velocity zones often record regional uplift in which coarse grained and higher velocity strata are deposited above finer grained strata. These regional low velocity zones, with thicknesses of several hundred m, may represent an efficient wave guide for seismic wave propagation. Myth #2: There are only small regional variations in the seismic velocities of the basin strata. In the San Francisco Bay Area, logs from wells extending from the Great Valley to offshore basins show a pronounced westward increase in sonic velocity associated with relatively high velocity Miocene strata. Myth #3: The impedance contrast at the bottom of basins is depth independent. Most wells penetrating basement at depths less than 1.5 km around basin edges exhibit a large (30%) impedance contrast. In the Bay Area, wells penetrating basement at depths greater than 3 km in the middle of basins show only a modest impedance contrast. Thus, the logs predict pronounced basin edge effects and more modest conversions in the geographic center of the basins. Myth #4: Strata of the same age have similar velocities. Miocene strata west of the Calaveras fault have much higher seismic velocities than those east of the fault. Eocene strata in the Great Valley have lower seismic velocities than those in the San Francisco peninsula. Myth #5: Velocities systematically increase with the age of the strata. In the Bay Area, coarser-grained Miocene strata west of the Calaveras fault have higher velocities than finer-grained Upper Cretaceous strata in the Great Valley. Myth #6: Vertical velocity gradients always decrease with depth. Numerous logs from offshore basins on the continental shelf and in the Salinas Valley exhibit a velocity gradient that increases with depth within Miocene age strata. Myth #7: Velocities in the basins are low. In the Bay Area, logs from several basins show sonic velocities up to 4.7 km/s at depths between 2 to 3 km, even for Miocene strata, that are comparable to velocities in the underlying Franciscan complex basement. Myth #8: Sonic velocity-density relations are regionally uniform. Although well logs demonstrate that on average the sonic velocity and density obeys Gardner's rule, strata in Bay Area basins have 4-5% lower densities than predicted by this rule.

  5. Inner-City African American Parental Involvement in Elementary Schools: Getting beyond Urban Legends of Apathy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abdul-Adil, Jaleel K.; Farmer, Alvin David, Jr.

    2006-01-01

    Parental involvement in schools is a national priority for both educators and researchers to promote the successful schooling of contemporary youth. Contemporary parental involvement research has produced some promising findings, but parental involvement efforts with inner-city African Americans are currently limited by problems of research…

  6. The Bush Legend. Course HP02a: Part Time BA Degree Programme.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffith Univ., Brisbane (Australia). School of Humanities.

    This course, one of 16 sequential courses comprising phase one of a part-time Bachelor of Arts degree program in Australian Studies, uses Australian literary and documentary writings of the 19th century to examine the formation of the proposition that the Australian national character is based on rural life. The course is designed for independent…

  7. Urban (Training) Legends. Six Common Myths about Learners and Learning Debunked.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shank, Patti

    2001-01-01

    Considers the learning process and suggests that learners need to be more in control. Topics include learning that takes place without leaders; the influence of past experiences; learning from context as well as from content; engaged learning and the importance of interaction; instructional objectives; and the effect of values. (LRW)

  8. The Great School Legend: A Revisionist Interpretation of American Public Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greer, Colin

    American schools have been credited with building American democracy. This is a myth which has been largely responsible for the resistance of today's schools to needed change. Exposing this myth are records of several major urban school systems which show the high rate of school failure among the urban poor since before 1900. These statistics have…

  9. The Allegedly Simple Structure of Experts' Risk Perception: An Urban Legend in Risk Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sjoberg, Lennart

    2002-01-01

    Reports the results of a study that shows that the factors explaining experts' risk perception are similar to those of a comparable group of non-topical experts with a similar level of technological literacy and to the general public, and that the level of explained variance is quite comparable for experts and the general public. (Contains 32…

  10. THE TRANSMISSION AND PERSISTENCE OF 'URBAN LEGENDS': SOCIOLOGICAL APPLICATION OF AGE-STRUCTURED EPIDEMIC MODELS.

    PubMed

    Noymer, Andrew

    2001-01-01

    This paper describes two related epidemic models of rumor transmission in an age-structured population. Rumors share with communicable disease certain basic aspects, which means that formal models of epidemics may be applied to the transmission of rumors. The results show that rumors may become entrenched very quickly and persist for a long time, even when skeptics are modeled to take an active role in trying to convince others that the rumor is false. This is a macrophenomeon, because individuals eventually cease to believe the rumor, but are replaced by new recruits. This replacement of former believers by new ones is an aspect of all the models, but the approach to stability is quicker, and involves smaller chance of extinction, in the model where skeptics actively try to counter the rumor, as opposed to the model where interest is naturally lost by believers. Skeptics hurt their own cause. The result shows that including age, or a variable for which age is a proxy (e.g., experience), can improve model fidelity and yield important insights.

  11. [Virgin olive oil. From legend to scientific knowledge of the nutraceutical aspects].

    PubMed

    Caramia, G

    2006-01-01

    Proper nutrition has been considered the basis of good health since ancient times. Hippocrates (460-377 BC), father of modern medicine in the western world, claimed that "good health implies an awareness of the powers of natural or processed foods", the Salernitan School (eleventh-twelfth centuries) maintained that "the doctor must observe what food consists of, how much, and when it must be eaten", while Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) believed that "a man's life depends on what he eats". We know that lipids are important in nutrition and extra-virgin olive oil plays a predominant role in this field, recognised for its high levels of monounsaturated fatty acids. An example of a "nutraceutic" or "functional" food right from infancy, it is one of the best medicaments for delaying aging, and is also a good source of phytochemicals including polyphenolic compounds, squalene, alpha-tocopherol, carotenoid that may contribute to its overall therapeutic characteristics. An integral ingredient of the Mediterranean diet, extra-virgin olive oil has always been considered a middle road between food and medicine and there is growing evidence that its health benefits include reduction of coronary heart disease risk factor, prevention of several types of cancer, and the modification of immune and inflammatory responses. The origins of the olive tree date back to the Eneolithical era, or Copper Age, in the sixth millennium BC. Having first appeared in Italy during the Bronze Age, the fruit and oil of the olive tree were widely used in nutrition, medicine, art, literature, and daily life during the Etruscan and Roman civilisations, and throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Mysteriously entwined with our own history, the olive tree has a human shape, strong, resilient, tenacious, filled with fruit, but also wounded, suffering and moving. Well-grounded reasons exist for considering olive oil the best nutritional gift we can offer ourselves as it preserves good health, improves the quality of our life and also makes it more enjoyable.

  12. Masaya, the “Mouth of Hell”, Nicaragua: Volcanological interpretation of the myths, legends and anecdotes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Viramonte, José G.; Incer-Barquero, Jaime

    2008-10-01

    Nicaragua's conquest started only 30years after Christopher Columbus arrived to America in 1492. At that moment the Masaya and Momotombo volcanoes were erupting simultaneously. The former was the first permanent lava lake observed by Europeans, and this produced a strong impression and interest in it. For more than a century there was great controversy over the nature of this phenomenon. Some people believed that it was the Mouth of Hell, whereas others could greedily see in the lava a source of gold or silver. This fact led to many attempts trying to prove it. In this paper, aboriginal myths about the volcano are described as well as different ideas and "supported evidence" given by the Spaniards regarding whether it was or not indeed the Mouth of Hell. Moreover, the first detailed geological descriptions are exposed as well as interesting interpretations found in the chronicles. It is also narrated the first descent into the volcano's mouth to extract samples of that "gold", a real exploit for that time. From these descriptions, a volcanological interpretation is proposed, which is a contribution to the understanding of the eruptive history and evolution of the Masaya volcanic complex, one of the largest, shallow magma chamber systems in Central America.

  13. Myths and Legends of the New York Iroquois. Museum Bulletin 125.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Converse, Harriet Maxwell

    1974-01-01

    Adopted for 22 years into the Seneca nation, Harriet Maxwell Converse devoted much of her life to the study and defense of the Indians of New York. The position of friendship and trust she enjoyed enabled her to record extensive information on the customs and institutions of the Iroquois. Material for this volume was taken from her notes found…

  14. 9 CFR 325.1 - Transactions in commerce prohibited without official inspection legend or certificate when...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., freezing, storing, or transporting, in or for commerce, meat or meat food products capable of use as human... requirements. 325.1 Section 325.1 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... commerce, any product which is capable of use as human food unless the product and its container, if...

  15. 15 CFR Appendix D to Part 30 - AES Filing Citation, Exemption and Exclusion Legends

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 01/01/2006. VI. Standard Exclusions are found in 15 CFR 30, Subpart A, § 30.2(d)(1) through § 30.2(d...-Value Shipments NOEEI § 30.37(a). IX. Miscellaneous Exemption Statements are found in 15 CFR 30 Subpart....S. Government Agencies and Employees (Exemption Statements are found in 15 CFR 30 Subpart D §...

  16. Laws, leaders, and legends of the modern National Library of Medicine

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Kent A.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The paper is an expanded version of the 2007 Joseph Leiter National Library of Medicine (NLM)/Medical Library Association Lecture presented at MLA ‘07, the Medical Library Association annual meeting in Philadelphia in May 2007. It presents an historical accounting of four major pieces of legislation, beginning with the NLM Act of 1956 up through the creation of the National Center for Biotechnology Information. Brief Description: The transition from the United States Armed Forces Medical Library to the United States National Library of Medicine in 1956 was a major turning point in NLM's history, scope, and direction. The succeeding landmark legislative achievements—namely, the 1965 Medical Library Assistance Act, the 1968 Joint Resolution forming the Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications, and the 1988 authorization for the National Center for Biotechnology Information— transformed the library into a major biomedical communications institution and a leader and supporter of an effective national network of libraries of medicine. The leaders of the library and its major advocates—including Dr. Michael DeBakey, Senator Lister Hill, and Senator Claude Pepper—together contributed to the creation of the modern NLM. PMID:18379667

  17. From the "Phoenix of Legends" to the "Ultimate Monument" of the times: stadia, spectators, and urban development in postwar Paris.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Robert W

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzes the renovation and construction of the Parc des Princes and the Stade de France in post-Second World War Paris. The history of the two stadia testifies to a shift in the envisioned role of stadia in the Parisian basin between the late 1960s and the end of the twentieth century and stands as evidence for the emergence of new urban planning actors. Both stadia were also critiqued as symbols of broader problems with Parisian urbanization, notably as manifestations of anti-democratic planning processes. At the same time, the Parc and the Stade also reflected an emerging consensus over the role of spectator sport in society, accompanied by attempts to re-envision mass sporting spectatorship as a more democratic and familial practice. This article thus situates the two stadia within the history of Parisian urbanization and within broader global urbanizing processes.

  18. The "ferret out the lesbians" legend: Johnnie Phelps, General Eisenhower, and the power and politics of myth.

    PubMed

    Knaff, Donna

    2009-01-01

    The most famous lesbian story to come out of World War II was told by Women's Army Corps (WAC) soldier Nell "Johnnie" Phelps, who claimed to have been given an order by General Dwight D. Eisenhower to "ferret out the lesbians" in her WAC detachment. This article backgrounds her story with history of women in the WAC in World War II and recounts the narrative as it appears in transcripts of Phelps' oral history and in other publications featuring it. It analyzes the public discourse around Phelps' account and its disproval and examines the ways the story has been used for political, historical, community, and personal aims since the oral history was taken in 1982.

  19. 9 CFR 316.10 - Marking of meat food products with official inspection legend and ingredient statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... statement. (a) Inspected and passed sausages and other products in casings or in link form, of the ordinary... near each end of the sausage or similar product prepared in casings when the product is of a size larger than that customarily sold at retail intact. (b) Inspected and passed sausage and other...

  20. Efficacy of vitamin E in the conservative treatment of Peyronie's disease: legend or reality? A controlled study of 70 cases.

    PubMed

    Paulis, G; Brancato, T; D'Ascenzo, R; De Giorgio, G; Nupieri, P; Orsolini, G; Alvaro, R

    2013-01-01

    The medical treatment is indicated in the development stage of Peyronie's disease (PD) for at least 1 year after diagnosis and whenever in case of penile pain. This research was conducted to demonstrate the possible effectiveness of vitamin E in PD treatment, whereas in the scientific literature this topic is much discussed. A total of 70 patients (age:26-69 years, mean: 54.1 ± 9.71) diagnosed with PD were enrolled in a conservative treatment. In addition to medical histories and physical examinations all patients underwent the following tests: International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) questionnaire, penile ultrasound and photographic documentation, pain evaluation by a conventional 10-point pain scale Visual analogue pain scale (VAS). All 70 patients were divided into two different treatment groups: A and B, with different combinations of drugs: A = vitamin E + verapamil (injection + iontophoresis) + blueberries + propolis + topical diclofenac; B = verapamil (injection + iontophoresis) + blueberries + propolis + topical diclofenac. All patients were treated for 6 months after which they underwent the same follow-up tests as performed prior to the treatment. Intergroup analysis revealed statistically significant differences: in the vitamin E group the effective plaque size reduction was -50.2% whereas in the control group the reduction was -35.8% (p = 0.027). In group A the improvement of curvature occurred in 96.6% of the cases whereas in the control group B this occurred in 48.4% (p = 0.0001), moreover, the mean curvature decrease was respectively -12.25° and -6.73° (p = 0.01). IIEF score was significantly improved in group A patients with comorbidities and erectile dysfunction (p = 0.025). Increase in plaque size occurred only in the control group (17.1%) (p = 0.032). We can affirm that vitamin E can help to prevent the progression of PD. This study strongly supports the recommendation that the best approach for treating PD is multimodal therapy.

  1. Mexico: Legacies of Leadership--Legends and Heroes. Curriculum Projects. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars Abroad Program, 2002 (Mexico).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Peggy A.

    No organization or country can rise above the dynamics and/or quality of its leaders. Whether they be negative or positive in vision, self promotional or other fulfilled, effective leaders are effective people regardless of the outcome they have in mind for those whom they lead or for those who choose to support them. Following an examination of…

  2. The Stuff of Legend, or Unpacking Cultural Baggage? Introducing First-Year English Literature and Humanities Students to Foundational Literary Texts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beyer, Charlotte

    2013-01-01

    This article explores teaching and learning perspectives in relation to a first-year English Literature module on foundational literary texts and considers the value of certain assessment modes. The essay discusses methodological and pedagogical questions and argues that the module provides a contextual platform from which first-year students are…

  3. Mendel at the sesquicentennial of 'Versuche über Pflanzen-Hybriden' (1865): The root of the biggest legend in the history of science.

    PubMed

    Tanghe, Koen B

    2015-06-01

    In 1965, Mendel was still celebrated as the undisputed founder of genetics. In the ensuing 50 years, scholars questioned and undermined this traditional interpretation of his experiments with hybrid plants, without, however, managing to replace it: at the sesquicentennial of the presentation of his 'Versuche' (1865), the Moravian friar remains, to a vast majority, the heroic Father of genetics or at least some kind of geneticist. This exceptionally inert myth is nourished by ontological intuitions but can only continue to flourish, thanks to a long-standing conceptual void in the historiography of biology. It is merely a symptom of this more fundamental problem.

  4. Mendel at the sesquicentennial of 'Versuche über Pflanzen-Hybriden' (1865): The root of the biggest legend in the history of science.

    PubMed

    Tanghe, Koen B

    2015-06-01

    In 1965, Mendel was still celebrated as the undisputed founder of genetics. In the ensuing 50 years, scholars questioned and undermined this traditional interpretation of his experiments with hybrid plants, without, however, managing to replace it: at the sesquicentennial of the presentation of his 'Versuche' (1865), the Moravian friar remains, to a vast majority, the heroic Father of genetics or at least some kind of geneticist. This exceptionally inert myth is nourished by ontological intuitions but can only continue to flourish, thanks to a long-standing conceptual void in the historiography of biology. It is merely a symptom of this more fundamental problem. PMID:26094058

  5. ["If Berger had survived the second world war - he certainly would have been a candidate for the Nobel Prize". Hans Berger and the legend of the Nobel Prize].

    PubMed

    Gerhard, U-J; Schönberg, A; Blanz, B

    2005-03-01

    The public opinion pays much attention to the Nobel Prize as an indicator for the scientific efficiency of a university or a country in connection with foundation of so-called elite universities. The former holder of the psychiatric chair in Jena and discoverer of the electroencephalogram Hans Berger (1873 - 1941) came into discussion as candidate for the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine. The current medical-historical publications maintain the view that Berger should have received the Nobel Prize in 1936 as well as in 1949. This was prevented in 1936 by an enactment from Hitler, which forbid him to accept the prize, and later in 1949 by Berger's own death. According to documents of the Nobel archives these statements can be disproved. Berger was only nominated three times out of 65 nominations in 1940. Because of his death the other two recommendations in 1942 and 1947 were never evaluated. PMID:15747225

  6. R. A. FISHER, LANCELOT HOGBEN, AND THE 'COMPETITION' FOR THE CHAIR OF SOCIAL BIOLOGY AT THE LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS IN 1930: CORRECTING THE LEGEND.

    PubMed

    Tabery, James; Sarkar, Sahotra

    2015-12-20

    From 1930 to 1937 Lancelot Hogben FRS occupied the Chair of Social Biology at the London School of Economics and Political Science. According to standard histories of this appointment, he and R. A. Fisher FRS both applied for the position, but Hogben was selected over Fisher. The episode has received attention in large part because of the later prominence of the two figures involved. The surviving archival records, however, tell a remarkably different story. Neither Fisher nor Hogben was ever an official candidate for the chair. Indeed, Fisher seems not to have applied for the position at all, and Hogben was approached only behind the scenes of the official search. The purpose of this paper is to correct and complete the history of this episode.

  7. 76 FR 53524 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Once Upon Many Times...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Once Upon Many Times: Legends and... Times: Legends and Myths in Himalayan Art,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  8. Maskoke (Muskokee). Unvkuce Cokv Enhvteceskv.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Factor, Susannah

    This primary level reader developed for use in a bilingual education setting contains six legends in the Creek Indian language. Each legend is presented in large type and is illustrated by pen-and-ink drawings suitable for coloring. (AMH

  9. Longicorn beetles of Japan. 818 pp., (1,800 color photos, hundreds of line drawings). Japanese text with headings, scientific names, some figure legends, and index in English. Hardbound in slip case.ISBN# 978-4-486-01741-7

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Presented is a book review of Ohbayashi, N. and T. Niisato (Eds.). 2007. Longicorn Beetles of Japan. This monumental book of 818 pages with contributions of 11 authors, represents the pinnacle of quality that can be attained for a regional treatment of a taxon. It contains 78 plates of 1,463 dor...

  10. Everest 1951: the footprints attributed to the Yeti--myth and reality.

    PubMed

    Ward, M

    1997-02-01

    For centuries, mountains have given rise to legends about supernatural beings such as the Yeti of the Himalayas. The legend of the Yeti was enhanced by the finding of footprints in the Menlung Basin during the 1951 Everest reconnaissance expedition. This report provides a possible explanation of the Menlung footprints based on developmental abnormalities, physiology, and pathology of the foot.

  11. Wisdom of the Seneca.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nitsch, Twylah Hurd

    Written for students and teachers who want to learn more about Seneca history and culture, this booklet presents legends, games, and factual information about the way of life followed by the early Seneca. Introductory material discusses the philosophy of the Seneca, their view of Nature, and the role of legends in the early Clans. Part I contains…

  12. Coyote in the Classroom: The Use of American Indian Oral Tradition with Young Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tafoya, Terry

    Stories from oral tradition such as legends, myths, and fairy tales may more fully describe reality than any newscast for young children. As Bruno Bettelheim points out, stories meet the psychological need of all human children. The Yakima Indian legend "When Mosquitos Ate People" can be used in a flannel board story telling setting with young…

  13. 20 CFR 422.103 - Social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... regulation 26 CFR 31.6011(b)-2. (b) Applying for a number—(1) Form SS-5. An individual needing a social... status which result in a necessary change to a restrictive legend on the SSN card (see paragraph (e)(3... restrictive legend may appear on the face of an SSN card to indicate that work is either not authorized...

  14. 20 CFR 422.103 - Social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... regulation 26 CFR 31.6011(b)-2. (b) Applying for a number—(1) Form SS-5. An individual needing a social... status which result in a necessary change to a restrictive legend on the SSN card (see paragraph (e)(3... restrictive legend may appear on the face of an SSN card to indicate that work is either not authorized...

  15. 20 CFR 422.103 - Social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... regulation 26 CFR 31.6011(b)-2. (b) Applying for a number—(1) Form SS-5. An individual needing a social... status which result in a necessary change to a restrictive legend on the SSN card (see paragraph (e)(3... restrictive legend may appear on the face of an SSN card to indicate that work is either not authorized...

  16. The King within Each of Us

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crossley-Holland, Kevin

    2005-01-01

    The author describes his approach to retelling Arthurian legends, where he wrote two stories in tandem: one a historical novel in which a boy, eager to serve as a squire and to go on crusade, is given a piece of obsidian, the other of stories, the Arthurian legends, that this boy sees in the obsidian. These became a trilogy. He states that while…

  17. Tsetsaut History: The Forgotten Tribe of Southern Southeast Alaska. Portland Canal Early History (Misty Fiord National Monument). Alaska Historical Commission Studies in History #147.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dangeli, Reginald H.

    Written by one of the tribe's few remaining members and based on oral history and legend, this study traces the history of the Tsetsaut tribe, ancient original inhabitants of the Portland Canal area of southeastern Alaska. Chapters recount the quest for the coast, legends of Portland Canal, exploration of the area, material culture, establishment…

  18. Folk Literature in the Foreign Language Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bagg, Mary Beth

    The usefulness of various forms of folk literature as grammatical, literary, historical, and cultural sources in foreign language teaching is discussed and guidelines are suggested for classroom implementation. Although the focus is on folk or fairy tales, folk literature is defined to encompass myths, local legends, saints' legends, children's…

  19. Estate Planning: First, You Have to Ask

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnston, Robin; Penson, Al

    2010-01-01

    There's an urban legend which holds that community college graduates who go on to earn degrees at other institutions develop a stronger loyalty to the college that granted their highest degree. Perpetuating this legend is a limiting belief that keeps fundraising professionals from taking necessary steps to fully develop the potential that exists…

  20. 26 CFR 1.6050H-1T - Information reporting of mortgage interest received in a trade or business from individuals after...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... from the Department of Housing and Urban Development (“HUD”) on a borrower's mortgage that is insured...; (b) A legend stating that the information is being reported to the Internal Revenue Service; and (c) A legend stating that the amount reported on the statement is deductible by the payor for...

  1. 26 CFR 1.6050H-1T - Information reporting of mortgage interest received in a trade or business from individuals after...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... from the Department of Housing and Urban Development (“HUD”) on a borrower's mortgage that is insured...; (b) A legend stating that the information is being reported to the Internal Revenue Service; and (c) A legend stating that the amount reported on the statement is deductible by the payor for...

  2. 48 CFR 15.609 - Limited use of data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... restrictive legend from an educational or nonprofit organization or institution, and an evaluation outside the... restrictive legend from other than an educational or nonprofit organization or institution, and evaluation by... any purpose or used by the Government except for evaluation purposes. If the offeror wishes...

  3. Signs For Communication And Safety In Transportation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grosvenor, P. R.

    1983-08-01

    1.0 CURRENT FIBRE OPTIC EQUIPMENT 1.1 Motorway signs - communicating to the motorist Fibre optic technology has been used in motorway changeable message signs since the early 1970s. Although non fibre optic units of the bulb matrix type are also used, fibre optic signs have some considerable advantages, namely: a) The ability to project colour legends and if required multi-colour per legend b) Power consumption is only about half of the equivalent bulb matrix types, typically 70 watts c) Due to the use of tungsten halogen lamps the output is of a much whiter light d) Maintenance is considerably reduced as only one lamp per legend is used and this can easily be replaced via an access panel at the side of the sign case e) Lamp failure detection and stand-by legends f) Legends can be reprogrammed at the factory

  4. Into the Curriculum. Art: A Path to Monet--Following in Linnea's Footsteps [and] Reading/Language Arts: Legends about Humanity's Acquisition of Fire [and] Reading/Language Arts: Analytical Book Reviews [and] Science/Art: Build a Beautiful Butterfly [and] Science: Life Processes of Plants [and] Social Studies: Community Helpers: Fire Fighters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schultis, Cathy; Troisi, Andrea; Vidor, Constance; Rostek, Andrea; Linsky, Melissa Carruthers

    1998-01-01

    Presents six curriculum guides for art, language arts, reading, science, and social studies. Each activity identifies library media skills objectives, curriculum objectives, grade levels, resources, librarian and teacher instructional roles, activity and procedures for completion, activity samples, guidelines for evaluating finished activities,…

  5. 15 CFR 760.5 - Reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... is a legend that A's goods, invoices, and packaging must not bear a six-pointed star or other symbol... goods exported must not represent part of war reparations to boycotted country X. A's receipt of...

  6. 15 CFR 760.5 - Reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... is a legend that A's goods, invoices, and packaging must not bear a six-pointed star or other symbol... goods exported must not represent part of war reparations to boycotted country X. A's receipt of...

  7. 15 CFR 760.5 - Reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... is a legend that A's goods, invoices, and packaging must not bear a six-pointed star or other symbol... goods exported must not represent part of war reparations to boycotted country X. A's receipt of...

  8. 14 CFR 1274.905 - Rights in data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., engineering, demonstration, or design activities are likely, a different set of provisions may be appropriate... suitable notice or legend as set in paragraph (b)(2) of this section; nor (ii) Information contained in...

  9. 40 CFR 267.14 - What are my security requirements?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... onto the active portion of the facility; or (2) An artificial or natural barrier (for example, a fence... to this active portion. The sign must bear the legend “Danger—Unauthorized Personnel Keep Out.”...

  10. 16 CFR 260.7 - Environmental marketing claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... disposable diaper that bears the legend, “This diaper can be composted where solid waste composting... substantiate that the diaper can be converted safely to usable compost in solid waste composting...

  11. Astronomical Significance of Ancient Monuments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simonia, I.

    2011-06-01

    Astronomical significance of Gokhnari megalithic monument (eastern Georgia) is considered. Possible connection of Amirani ancient legend with Gokhnari monument is discussed. Concepts of starry practicality and solar stations are proposed.

  12. Debunking Bacon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clegg, Brian

    2014-06-01

    A legend, a man ahead of his time or an overrated insignificance? These three historical portrayals of Roger Bacon should be put to rest, argues Brian Clegg, who travels to Oxford to uncover the medieval philosopher's true identity.

  13. "Like a Prophetic Spirit": Samuel Davies, American Eulogists, and the Deification of George Washington

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berens, John F.

    1977-01-01

    Recounts a seeming "prophecy" made during George Washington's youth by the Reverend Samuel Davies, the prominent Presbyterian proponent of the Great Awakening. Investigates how American eulogists drew upon this "prophecy" to give validity and vitality to George Washington's legend. (MH)

  14. 39 CFR 320.6 - Suspension for extremely urgent letters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... “Private Carriage Authorized by Postal Regulations (39 CFR 320.6)” or with a similar legend identifying the... by analogy to letters shipped between these jurisdictions and other nations. (c) It will...

  15. 36 CFR 1007.3 - Requests for records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... waivers set out in § 1007.10 are met. (5) To expedite processing, both the envelope containing a request and the face of the request should bear the legend “FREEDOM OF INFORMATION REQUEST.” (c) Creation...

  16. 46 CFR 98.25-15 - Markings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., AND OTHER PROVISIONS FOR CERTAIN DANGEROUS CARGOES IN BULK Anhydrous Ammonia in Bulk § 98.25-15..., the legend, “Anhydrous Ammonia” shall be conspicuously and legibly marked upon the dome or...

  17. 46 CFR 98.25-15 - Markings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., AND OTHER PROVISIONS FOR CERTAIN DANGEROUS CARGOES IN BULK Anhydrous Ammonia in Bulk § 98.25-15..., the legend, “Anhydrous Ammonia” shall be conspicuously and legibly marked upon the dome or...

  18. 46 CFR 98.25-15 - Markings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., AND OTHER PROVISIONS FOR CERTAIN DANGEROUS CARGOES IN BULK Anhydrous Ammonia in Bulk § 98.25-15..., the legend, “Anhydrous Ammonia” shall be conspicuously and legibly marked upon the dome or...

  19. 46 CFR 98.25-15 - Markings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., AND OTHER PROVISIONS FOR CERTAIN DANGEROUS CARGOES IN BULK Anhydrous Ammonia in Bulk § 98.25-15..., the legend, “Anhydrous Ammonia” shall be conspicuously and legibly marked upon the dome or...

  20. 46 CFR 98.25-15 - Markings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., AND OTHER PROVISIONS FOR CERTAIN DANGEROUS CARGOES IN BULK Anhydrous Ammonia in Bulk § 98.25-15..., the legend, “Anhydrous Ammonia” shall be conspicuously and legibly marked upon the dome or...

  1. 10 CFR 603.870 - Marking of documents related to inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS Award Terms Related to Other Administrative Matters Intellectual Property § 603.870 Marking of... recipient should mark the documents with a legend identifying them as intellectual property subject...

  2. 10 CFR 603.870 - Marking of documents related to inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS Award Terms Related to Other Administrative Matters Intellectual Property § 603.870 Marking of... recipient should mark the documents with a legend identifying them as intellectual property subject...

  3. 10 CFR 603.870 - Marking of documents related to inventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS Award Terms Related to Other Administrative Matters Intellectual Property § 603.870 Marking of... recipient should mark the documents with a legend identifying them as intellectual property subject...

  4. 32 CFR 37.870 - Should I require recipients to mark documents related to inventions?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Related to Other Administrative Matters Intellectual Property § 37.870 Should I require recipients to mark... recipient should mark the documents with a legend identifying them as intellectual property subject...

  5. 32 CFR 37.870 - Should I require recipients to mark documents related to inventions?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Related to Other Administrative Matters Intellectual Property § 37.870 Should I require recipients to mark... recipient should mark the documents with a legend identifying them as intellectual property subject...

  6. 32 CFR 37.870 - Should I require recipients to mark documents related to inventions?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Related to Other Administrative Matters Intellectual Property § 37.870 Should I require recipients to mark... recipient should mark the documents with a legend identifying them as intellectual property subject...

  7. 40 CFR 267.14 - What are my security requirements?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... legend must be in English and in any other language predominant in the area surrounding the facility (for example, facilities in counties bordering the Canadian province of Quebec must post signs in French,...

  8. 26 CFR 1.6042-4 - Statements to recipients of dividend payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... section. The enclosure to which the written statement is perforated must contain, in a bold and... envelope must contain, in a bold and conspicuous type, the legend: “Important Tax Return Document...

  9. 26 CFR 1.6042-4 - Statements to recipients of dividend payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... section. The enclosure to which the written statement is perforated must contain, in a bold and... envelope must contain, in a bold and conspicuous type, the legend: “Important Tax Return Document...

  10. From the Rainbow Crow To Polar Bears: Introducing Science Concepts through Children's Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, John Eric

    1997-01-01

    Describes an activity that integrates chemistry, physics, and a Native American legend to help students imitate the thought processes of scientists who have observed chemical decomposition and the refraction of light. Includes a laboratory experiment for sugar decomposition. (DKM)

  11. Completion of the National Land Cover Database (NLCD) 1992-2001 Land Cover Change Retrofit Product

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Multi-Resolution Land Characteristics Consortium has supported the development of two national digital land cover products: the National Land Cover Dataset (NLCD) 1992 and National Land Cover Database (NLCD) 2001. Substantial differences in imagery, legends, and methods betwe...

  12. 22 CFR 204.42 - Notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...: Mail Address: Office of Housing and Urban Programs, Agency for International Development, Washington... the relevant A.I.D. Housing Guaranty Project as inscribed on each Note guaranty legend. Telex...

  13. 22 CFR 204.42 - Notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...: Mail Address: Office of Housing and Urban Programs, Agency for International Development, Washington... the relevant A.I.D. Housing Guaranty Project as inscribed on each Note guaranty legend. Telex...

  14. There's More Than Mythology to California's Reading Decline.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Innes, Richard G.

    2002-01-01

    Criticism of Stephen Karshen's June 2002 "Kappan" article "Whole Language and the Great Plummet of 1987-92: An Urban Legend from California." Argues that Karshen's analysis of the California Achievement Program reading scores is wrong. (PKP)

  15. 22 CFR 204.42 - Notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...: Mail Address: Office of Housing and Urban Programs, Agency for International Development, Washington... the relevant A.I.D. Housing Guaranty Project as inscribed on each Note guaranty legend. Telex...

  16. 12 CFR 563.76 - Offers and sales of securities at an office of a savings association.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... conspicuously on the security and in all offering documents and advertisements for the securities; the legend... conversion stock offering. (b) Securities sales practices, advertisements, and other sales literature used in...'s name, trade name, or logo....

  17. 12 CFR 563.76 - Offers and sales of securities at an office of a savings association.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... conspicuously on the security and in all offering documents and advertisements for the securities; the legend... conversion stock offering. (b) Securities sales practices, advertisements, and other sales literature used in...'s name, trade name, or logo....

  18. 40 CFR 61.149 - Standard for waste disposal for asbestos mills.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... specified in this paragraph. Legend DANGER ASBESTOS DUST HAZARD CANCER AND LUNG DISEASE HAZARD Authorized... in) upright format signs specified in 29 CFR 1910.145(d)(4) and this paragraph; and (iii) Display...

  19. 9 CFR 316.9 - Products to be marked with official marks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... liver, beef tongue, and beef heart which has been inspected and passed shall be marked with the official..., brisket, chuck, and shank. (c) Beef livers shall be marked with the official inspection legend...

  20. 15 CFR 30.47 - Clearance or departure of carriers under bond on incomplete manifest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... exemption legends, provided there is a bond as specified in 19 CFR 4.75, 4.76, and 122.74. The conditions of... (a)(1), (2), and (3) of this section. (1) For manifests submitted electronically through AES,...

  1. 9 CFR 316.9 - Products to be marked with official marks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... liver, beef tongue, and beef heart which has been inspected and passed shall be marked with the official..., brisket, chuck, and shank. (c) Beef livers shall be marked with the official inspection legend...

  2. POSSIBLE TSUNAMI ALONG THE NORTHWESTERN COAST OF THE UNITED STATES INFERRED FROM INDIAN TRADITIONS.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Heaton, Thomas H.; Snavely, Parke D.

    1985-01-01

    There is no direct geologic or historical evidence presently available to confirm that great shallow subduction earthquakes have occurred along the coast of Washington, Oregon, and northern California. However, there are reports describing Indian legends of great sea-level disturbances that may be related to large nearby earthquakes. In this letter, we briefly review the history of exploration and settlement of this region by nonnative people and then discuss legends from Indians in northern Washington and northern California. Refs.

  3. La musica del sol (The Music of the Sun). A Play, Un Cuento Nahuatl (A Nahuatl Story), and Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santiago, Nick M.; And Others

    These three volumes, a primary Spanish reader, a bilingual play and a teacher's guide in English, are based on a Nahuatl legend about a time when the earth was silent and there was no music. In the legend, the wind god flies up to the sun and captures all the musicians and singers, taking them back to earth so there will be music for all. The…

  4. The Tlingit Indians of Southeastern Alaska: Social Studies Unit for Elementary Grades. Teacher's Manual [And] Kiksadi Dog Salmon Legend [And] Halibut Fishing [And] How Raven Stole the Light: A Radio Play [And] Raven, The Old Woman of the Tides, and the Sea Urchins: A Puppet Play [And] Raven and the Fog Woman [And] The Legendary Adventures of Raven [And] A Tlingit Uncle and His Nephews [And] Three Brothers [And] Lingit Aanee....

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Partnow, Patricia H.; And Others

    Part of a series designed to introduce the culture of the Alaskan Indians to elementary school students, the unit contains materials related to seasonal Tlingit activities and a guide for elementary classroom teachers to implement the student materials. The guide describes the format of the unit, suggests activities, lists resource materials, and…

  5. Test and evaluation of a multifunction keyboard and a dedicated keyboard for control of a flight management computer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Crane, J. M.; Boucek, G. P., Jr.; Smith, W. D.

    1986-01-01

    A flight management computer (FMC) control display unit (CDU) test was conducted to compare two types of input devices: a fixed legend (dedicated) keyboard and a programmable legend (multifunction) keyboard. The task used for comparison was operation of the flight management computer for the Boeing 737-300. The same tasks were performed by twelve pilots on the FMC control display unit configured with a programmable legend keyboard and with the currently used B737-300 dedicated keyboard. Flight simulator work activity levels and input task complexity were varied during each pilot session. Half of the points tested were previously familiar with the B737-300 dedicated keyboard CDU and half had no prior experience with it. The data collected included simulator flight parameters, keystroke time and sequences, and pilot questionnaire responses. A timeline analysis was also used for evaluation of the two keyboard concepts.

  6. On love, dying together and Liebestod fantasies.

    PubMed

    Gediman, H K

    1981-01-01

    The study of the legend of Tristan and Iseult in terms of the multiple fantasies it might express adds to our understanding of the psychology of love. In a previous paper (1975), I delineated, via allusion to the Tristan legend, the romantic-erotic conditions sometimes involved in creativity. In this one, I have approached the question of love from the other direction and have tried to delineate the creative-adaptive conditions required for integrating the experiences of loving and being in love. The "High tale of love and death," the Liebestod fantasy realized, is still with us, but the happier ending may be a realistic, viable alternative.

  7. Callisto III e la Cometa di Halley: la ricerca di Johan Stein SJ tra leggenda e storia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sigismondi, Costantino

    The Dutch Jesuit astronomer Johan Stein published in 1909 a text about the legend on a papal bull of Pope Callixtus III against the comet of 1456. This comet happened to be the Halley's one. The original documents, either chronicles and observations, and coeval testimonies are deeply investigated by Stein and the falsity of that legend is clearly demonstrated. In the occasion of the 200 years of the restoration of the Societas Jesu made in 1814 by Pope Pius VII an Italian edition of the full text of Johan Stein is here presented.

  8. Corrigendum to "Climate simulations of Neoproterozoic snowball Earth events: Similar critical carbon dioxide levels for the Sturtian and Marinoan glaciations" [Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 404 (2014) 200-205

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feulner, Georg; Kienert, Hendrik

    2015-11-01

    In Fig. 4 of our article, the colours of the curves representing the Neoproterozoic climate states at 720 Ma (1 Ma = 1 million years ago) and 650 Ma were inadvertently interchanged. The blue lines refer to the 720 Ma (Sturtian) state, the red lines to the 650 Ma (Marinoan) state. Both the description in the figure legend and the discussion in the text are correct, so the conclusions in the article are not affected. The corrected Fig. 4 with the full legend appears below for the readers' convenience.

  9. [Eligius, the patron of veterinarians].

    PubMed

    Häsler, S; Dängeli, J

    2014-01-01

    Saint Eligius became the saint patron of farriers and veterinarians in the 13th century. This was first mentioned by Jordanus Ruffus, emperor Frederic the 2nd's equerry, who refers to a gregorian hymnal dedicated to Eligius. The legend says that Eliguis amputated a horse's foot, shoed it and placed it back on the horse's leg. This legend might have replaced the Germanic cult described in the incantations of Merseburg. In Switzerland the veneration of Eligius is particularly spread in the canton of Lucerne. PMID:24394172

  10. Guinevere's choice.

    PubMed

    Nesse, M H

    1995-06-01

    This paper examines four retellings of the Arthurian legend of Guinevere and Lancelot from a bio-evolutionary perspective. The historical and social conditions which provide contexts for the retellings are described, and those conditions are related to underlying male and female reproductive strategies. Since the authors of the selected texts, Chrétien de Troyes, Thomas Malory, Alfred Lord Tennyson, and William Morris, are all male, the assumption is made that these versions of the legend reflect male reproductive preoccupations and encode male attitudes toward femaleness in general and toward female adultery in particular.

  11. [Eligius, the patron of veterinarians].

    PubMed

    Häsler, S; Dängeli, J

    2014-01-01

    Saint Eligius became the saint patron of farriers and veterinarians in the 13th century. This was first mentioned by Jordanus Ruffus, emperor Frederic the 2nd's equerry, who refers to a gregorian hymnal dedicated to Eligius. The legend says that Eliguis amputated a horse's foot, shoed it and placed it back on the horse's leg. This legend might have replaced the Germanic cult described in the incantations of Merseburg. In Switzerland the veneration of Eligius is particularly spread in the canton of Lucerne.

  12. Thermodynamic assessment of the palladium-selenium (Pd-Se) system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bordier, S.; Chocard, A.; Gossé, S.

    2014-08-01

    Palladium and selenium are fission products produced in the nuclear fuel under irradiation. To better understand the high temperature thermochemistry of these elements, the Pd-Se phase diagram was assessed using the Calphad method. The Pd-Se binary description was optimized using thermodynamic and phase diagram data from the literature and some DTA experiments performed in this work. The calculated phase diagram and thermodynamic properties are consistent with the experimental results in the whole Pd-Se composition range. legend> legend>

  13. CyberHunt.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Truby, Dana

    2001-01-01

    Using a soccer cyberhunt, elementary school students can learn all about the game of soccer while practicing computer skills. The cyberhunt teaches about: the history of soccer; soccer's name in other countries; number of players on the field; women's World Cup soccer; soccer rules; soccer legend, Pele; soccer moves; and the soccer ball. A…

  14. Hawaiiana Books for Boys and Girls.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawaii State Dept. of Education, Honolulu.

    This annotated bibliography lists over 200 publications organized under the following headings: (1) Hawaii Yesterday and Today, (2) Hawaii in Story and Legend, (3) Living in Hawaii, and (4) Famous Hawaiians. Appropriate to both elementary and secondary students, the entries range, in type, from travelogs to novels and, in subject, from Hawaiian…

  15. 9 CFR 312.2 - Official marks and devices to identify inspected and passed products of cattle, sheep, swine, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... inspected and passed products of cattle, sheep, swine, or goats. 312.2 Section 312.2 Animals and Animal... cattle, sheep, swine, or goats. (a) The official inspection legend required by part 316 of this... goats, meat food products in animal casings, and other products as approved by the Administrator,...

  16. 9 CFR 312.2 - Official marks and devices to identify inspected and passed products of cattle, sheep, swine, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... inspected and passed products of cattle, sheep, swine, or goats. 312.2 Section 312.2 Animals and Animal... cattle, sheep, swine, or goats. (a) The official inspection legend required by part 316 of this... goats, meat food products in animal casings, and other products as approved by the Administrator,...

  17. 9 CFR 312.2 - Official marks and devices to identify inspected and passed products of cattle, sheep, swine, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... inspected and passed products of cattle, sheep, swine, or goats. 312.2 Section 312.2 Animals and Animal... cattle, sheep, swine, or goats. (a) The official inspection legend required by part 316 of this... goats, meat food products in animal casings, and other products as approved by the Administrator,...

  18. 9 CFR 312.2 - Official marks and devices to identify inspected and passed products of cattle, sheep, swine, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... inspected and passed products of cattle, sheep, swine, or goats. 312.2 Section 312.2 Animals and Animal... cattle, sheep, swine, or goats. (a) The official inspection legend required by part 316 of this... goats, meat food products in animal casings, and other products as approved by the Administrator,...

  19. Everything I Need to Know about Teaching I Learned from "Beowulf"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caillouet, Ruth R.

    2008-01-01

    Beginning a school year with "Beowulf" seems to set things in their natural order. Students benefit from studying "Beowulf" in ways that their study of other ancient tales such as Greek legends and myths cannot compare. Not only does the tale provide students with an action-packed heroic adventure, but it also demonstrates the power of language…

  20. Organizational Culture at High Schools in TRNC: A Comparative Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silman, Fatos; Ozmatyatli, Icim Ozenli; Birol, Cem; Caglar, Mehmet

    2012-01-01

    This study was conducted to compare the organizational culture in two TRNC schools by using influencing factors of metaphors, physical environment, values, norms, rituals, language, legends and reward systems. To obtain data, a triangulation of participant interviews, observations and written sources were used. Results appear to display that the…

  1. Containing Energy, Sustaining Agency-Drama in Middle Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Block, Lee Anne

    2003-01-01

    Describes the author's experience working on a reader's theatre version of a radio play based on the Legend of Sleepy Hollow. Reflects on how the grade 8 students created meaning for themselves and for their audience. Notes limitations of the script and format and her work within those limitations became the structure the group needed, a container…

  2. 29 CFR 1910.1017 - Vinyl chloride.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., connective tissues and the pulmonary system (See appendix A). (ii) A medical history shall be taken... appropriate respirators specified in paragraph (d)(3)(i)(A) of 29 CFR 1910.134. (B) Provide an organic vapor... AGENT (ii) In accordance with 49 CFR Parts 170-189, with the additional legend applied near the label...

  3. Desert Culture Area. Native American Curriculum Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Cathy; Fernandes, Roger

    One in a series of Native American instructional materials, this booklet introduces elementary students to the history and culture of the Navajo, Pueblo, and other Indian tribes of the southwest desert. Written in simple language, the booklet provides background information, activities, legends, and illustrations. Topics include the climate of the…

  4. Validation of current land cover maps utilizing astronaut acquired photography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gebelein, Jennifer; Estes, John E.

    2000-01-01

    This investigation focuses on the potential use of astronaut acquired photography for the validation of current, land cover maps. More specifically, this study is directed at assessing the potential for the use of astronaut acquired photography to document and validate land cover change. Space Shuttle, astronaut acquired photography is employed to test the potential utility of data that may be acquired by astronauts employing the Window Observational Rack Facility (WORF) on International Space Station (ISS). The majority of astronaut acquired photography has been obtained under conditions similar to ISS operations in terms of both spectral as well as spatial resolution. Validation of land cover maps utilizing this type of imagery is being accomplished through a process of comparison among three different land cover classification legends created from the Eros Data Center (EDC) Land Characteristics Database. Our study area is a subregional scale portion of an Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) based global Land Characteristics Database. The goal of this research is to attempt to establish: 1. which legend derived for this area provides the highest overall accuracy for the land cover classes present: 2. which legend is best validated using astronaut acquired photography; and 3. which classes of these legends best lend themselves to validation with astronaut acquired photography. Preliminary results indicate that astronaut acquired photography can be employed to validate land cover maps and that results achieved using this imagery corresponds well to those achieved utilizing Landsat data. .

  5. Gilgamesh: He Who Saw All.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Univ., Berkeley. Office of Resources for International and Area Studies.

    The historical Gilgamesh was a Sumarian king of Uruk around 2700 B.C. Sumarian fragments of the legend that grew up around him have been found dating back to about 2000 B.C. These lesson plans on Gilgamesh were developed during the Office of Resources for International and Area Studies (ORIAS) summer institute on history through literature, in…

  6. Multicultural Awareness for the Classroom: The Chinese.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valbuena, Felix Mario; And Others

    This guide provides the teacher of multiethnic students with information and teaching resources on Chinese. An historical overview of China and the Chinese experience in America is presented in English and Chinese. Several lesson plans and classroom activities reviewing Chinese geography, holidays, legends, and stories are presented. (APM)

  7. Lakota Oral Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    One Feather, Vivian

    Course objectives for the three credit hour Lakota Oral Literature (college level English) course presented in this publication are to: perceive through the reading and hearing of Lakota legends a better understanding of the known world of the Lakota people which existed prior to white contact; understand the origin of the laws which the Lakota…

  8. 9 CFR 381.123 - Official inspection mark; official establishment number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... label of a canned product, or on other packaging or labeling in the container, e.g., on aluminum pans... official inspection legend, such as “Plant No. on Package Closure” or “Plant No. on Pan”, if shown in...

  9. 9 CFR 381.123 - Official inspection mark; official establishment number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... label of a canned product, or on other packaging or labeling in the container, e.g., on aluminum pans... official inspection legend, such as “Plant No. on Package Closure” or “Plant No. on Pan”, if shown in...

  10. 9 CFR 381.123 - Official inspection mark; official establishment number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... label of a canned product, or on other packaging or labeling in the container, e.g., on aluminum pans... official inspection legend, such as “Plant No. on Package Closure” or “Plant No. on Pan”, if shown in...

  11. A Season on the Reservation: My Sojourn with the White Mountain Apache.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abdul-Jabbar, Kareem; Singular, Stephen

    In this book, basketball legend Kareem Abdul-Jabbar tells of one basketball season when he coached a high school team on the White Mountain Apache Reservation (Arizona). Tired of life in Los Angeles, disillusioned with pro basketball, and devastated by the death of his mother, Abdul-Jabbar accepted an invitation to coach the team at Alchesay High…

  12. The Storyboard of Palau.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lockhart, Bill

    1983-01-01

    The storyboard is an art form that is reflective of the rich cultural heritage of the people of the Republic of Palau. These carved beams are used in ceremonial buildings to depict legends, record events, and teach values. Short versions of stories illustrated by three storyboards are included. (AM)

  13. Haida Story Telling Time with Activity Folder.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cogo, Robert

    One in a series of curriculum materials on Southeast Alaska Natives, this booklet contains seven myths and legends from the Haida oral tradition, each accompanied by discussion questions and suggested learning activities. Intended for use in the intermediate grades, the stories are two to four pages long with many Haida words included in the text…

  14. College Students and the Curriculum: The Fantastic Voyage of Higher Education, 1636 to the Present

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thelin, John R.; Hirschy, Amy S.

    2009-01-01

    By adding student perceptions of the curriculum, we enhance the current history of American higher education over 5 decades. We draw from memoirs, short stories, notebooks, and legends to animate the story of students and the curriculum. The episodes depict historical events and cases that have shaped colleges, curricula, and students. The study…

  15. Jump Back in Time: A Living History Resource

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Carol

    2004-01-01

    Gather students and jump back in time to experience what life was like "back then." Through this book, during each day of immersion, students rotate through 14-18 stations of math and vocabulary activities, games, crafts, costumes, and food. Explore legends, songs, maps, and historical events along the way to understand specific times and places…

  16. 21 CFR 20.61 - Trade secrets and commercial or financial information which is privileged or confidential.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... either innovation or substantial effort. There must be a direct relationship between the trade secret and... Administration which fall within the definitions of a trade secret or confidential commercial or financial.... Where a legend is required by a request for proposals or request for quotations, pursuant to 48 CFR...

  17. 48 CFR 3452.227-73 - Limitations on the use or disclosure of Government-furnished information marked with restrictive...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Limitations on the use or disclosure of Government-furnished information marked with restrictive legends. 3452.227-73 Section 3452.227-73 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ACQUISITION REGULATION CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS...

  18. 48 CFR 3452.227-73 - Limitations on the use or disclosure of Government-furnished information marked with restrictive...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 52.227-14). (b) Proprietary data, technical data, or computer software provided to the contractor as... data, technical data, or computer software received from the Government with specially negotiated..., technical data, or computer software received from the Government with restrictive legends by the...

  19. 48 CFR 3452.227-73 - Limitations on the use or disclosure of Government-furnished information marked with restrictive...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 52.227-14). (b) Proprietary data, technical data, or computer software provided to the contractor as... data, technical data, or computer software received from the Government with specially negotiated..., technical data, or computer software received from the Government with restrictive legends by the...

  20. 12 CFR 335.801 - Inapplicable SEC regulations; FDIC substituted regulations; additional information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... (Electronic Data Gathering Analysis and Retrieval) electronic filing program (17 CFR part 232). The FDIC... cover page, a legend in capital letters: IN ACCORDANCE WITH 12 CFR 335.801(b), THIS (SPECIFY DOCUMENT... under Form SE (17 CFR part 249). The name of the FDIC shall be substituted for the name of the SEC...

  1. 12 CFR 335.801 - Inapplicable SEC regulations; FDIC substituted regulations; additional information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... (Electronic Data Gathering Analysis and Retrieval) electronic filing program (17 CFR part 232). The FDIC... cover page, a legend in capital letters: IN ACCORDANCE WITH 12 CFR 335.801(b), THIS (SPECIFY DOCUMENT... under Form SE (17 CFR part 249). The name of the FDIC shall be substituted for the name of the SEC...

  2. 12 CFR 335.801 - Inapplicable SEC regulations; FDIC substituted regulations; additional information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... (Electronic Data Gathering Analysis and Retrieval) electronic filing program (17 CFR part 232). The FDIC... cover page, a legend in capital letters: IN ACCORDANCE WITH 12 CFR 335.801(b), THIS (SPECIFY DOCUMENT... under Form SE (17 CFR part 249). The name of the FDIC shall be substituted for the name of the SEC...

  3. 12 CFR 335.801 - Inapplicable SEC regulations; FDIC substituted regulations; additional information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... (Electronic Data Gathering Analysis and Retrieval) electronic filing program (17 CFR part 232). The FDIC... cover page, a legend in capital letters: IN ACCORDANCE WITH 12 CFR 335.801(b), THIS (SPECIFY DOCUMENT... under Form SE (17 CFR part 249). The name of the FDIC shall be substituted for the name of the SEC...

  4. Indian Participation in Educational Research. A Conference Sponsored by The National Institute of Education (Washington, D.C., April 1-3, 1981).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.

    The volume contains six working papers presented at a 1981 National Institute of Education conference on Indian participation in educational research. The articles are: "A Cross-Cultural Content Analysis of Nez Perce Tribal Legends and Selected Anglo-American Children's Stories for Value-Attitude Factors of Achievement Motivation" by Cecil T.…

  5. Eventos de Diciembre (December Events).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pla, Myrna; Toro, Leonor

    Written in Spanish, this booklet contains information on three events occurring in the month of December: winter, Christmas, and New Year's Eve. Winter is briefly discussed. The section on Christmas includes a short story ("La Nochebuena"); a poem about Christmas in Puerto Rico; a legend about the poinsettia; brief discussion of Santa Claus, the…

  6. In Search of Our Past: Units in Women's History. U.S. History Student Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hurwitz, Suzanne, Ed.; And Others

    Designed to supplement what is customarily taught in junior high school United States History courses, this student manual contains three units which focus on women's history. Unit I concerns Native American women in Pre-Columbian America. Readings include The Story of a Zuni Girl--Blue Corn, Native American legends, Women as Leaders, and Native…

  7. Global Pursuits: The Underground Railroad

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Arts: The Art Education Magazine for Teachers, 2004

    2004-01-01

    This brief article describes Charles T. Webber's oil on canvas painting, "The Underground Railroad, 1893." The subject of this painting is the Underground Railroad, which today has become an American legend. The Underground Railroad was not a systematic means of transportation, but rather a secretive process that allowed fugitive slaves to escape…

  8. Iowa's Kid Heroes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruth, Amy, Ed.

    1996-01-01

    This theme issue of "Goldfinch" focuses on the definition of 'hero' and uses examples from Iowa's history to demonstrate the definition. Heroes of all ages have appeared in legends and real life, facing different challenges in the circumstances of life. The heroes profiled are ordinary people who have done extraordinary things. Those heroes…

  9. Playing God: the rock opera that endeavors to become a bioethics education tool.

    PubMed

    Takala, Tuija; Häyry, Matti; Laing, Laurence

    2014-04-01

    This article describes and introduces a new innovative tool for bioethics education: a rock opera on the ethics of genetics written by two academics and a drummer legend. The origin of the idea, the characters and their development, and the themes and approaches as well as initial responses to the music and the show are described, and the various educational usages are explored.

  10. February Folklore: You'll Love It in Your Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gale, David

    1980-01-01

    Folk tales which are particularly suited to February cover legends about George Washington, the Chinese zodiac, and Groundhog Day. Also included is a calendar of activities for February. These activities are appropriate for Groundhog Day, Valentine's Day, Chinese New Year, President's (Washington and Lincoln) Day, and Leap Year. (KC)

  11. 40 CFR 61.149 - Standard for waste disposal for asbestos mills.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... for inspection. (2) Use an alternative emission control and waste treatment method that has received... in) upright format signs specified in 29 CFR 1910.145(d)(4) and this paragraph; and (iii) Display the... specified in this paragraph. Legend DANGER ASBESTOS DUST HAZARD CANCER AND LUNG DISEASE HAZARD...

  12. 40 CFR 61.149 - Standard for waste disposal for asbestos mills.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... for inspection. (2) Use an alternative emission control and waste treatment method that has received... in) upright format signs specified in 29 CFR 1910.145(d)(4) and this paragraph; and (iii) Display the... specified in this paragraph. Legend DANGER ASBESTOS DUST HAZARD CANCER AND LUNG DISEASE HAZARD...

  13. 40 CFR 61.149 - Standard for waste disposal for asbestos mills.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... for inspection. (2) Use an alternative emission control and waste treatment method that has received... in) upright format signs specified in 29 CFR 1910.145(d)(4) and this paragraph; and (iii) Display the... specified in this paragraph. Legend DANGER ASBESTOS DUST HAZARD CANCER AND LUNG DISEASE HAZARD...

  14. 40 CFR 61.149 - Standard for waste disposal for asbestos mills.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... for inspection. (2) Use an alternative emission control and waste treatment method that has received... in) upright format signs specified in 29 CFR 1910.145(d)(4) and this paragraph; and (iii) Display the... specified in this paragraph. Legend DANGER ASBESTOS DUST HAZARD CANCER AND LUNG DISEASE HAZARD...

  15. Tolkien's Creation Myth in "The Silmarillion"--Northern or Not?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gough, John

    1999-01-01

    Notes that J.R.R. Tolkien's work is commonly supposed to be greatly influenced by Norse mythology and legend. Compares Tolkien's account of the creation of Middle Earth to the Norse myth of Yggdrasil. Concludes that Tolkien took qualities of language, a code of bravery and honor, and many incidental Norse details and absorbed them into a very…

  16. Understanding Narratives of Nationhood: Film-Makers and Culloden

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, John R.; Gold, Margaret M.

    2002-01-01

    Film audiences have long been invited to view Scotland and Scottish life through a historic lens. Influenced by the pre-existing literary traditions of tartanry and kailyard, film-makers have focused nostalgically on the myths and legends of the Highland and pre-industrial Scotland, with the implications that this approach has for representations…

  17. 32 CFR Appendix D to Part 323 - Word Processing Center (WPC) Safeguards

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... type entry on the WPC work requests. (2) Requiring that the WPC work requests be stamped with a special legend, or that a special notation be made on the work requests. (3) Predesignating specifically a class... WPC personnel who receive data for processing not identified as being under the provisions of...

  18. 17 CFR 240.13e-4 - Tender offers by issuers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... legend in clear, plain language advising security holders to read the tender offer statement when it is... security is a “margin security” within the meaning of Regulation T (12 CFR 220.2) and the issuer or... Regulation T (12 CFR 220.2), the issuer or affiliate undertakes to provide, upon the request of any...

  19. 17 CFR 240.13e-4 - Tender offers by issuers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... legend in clear, plain language advising security holders to read the tender offer statement when it is... security is a “margin security” within the meaning of Regulation T (12 CFR 220.2) and the issuer or... Regulation T (12 CFR 220.2), the issuer or affiliate undertakes to provide, upon the request of any...

  20. 17 CFR 240.13e-4 - Tender offers by issuers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... legend in clear, plain language advising security holders to read the tender offer statement when it is... security is a “margin security” within the meaning of Regulation T (12 CFR 220.2) and the issuer or... Regulation T (12 CFR 220.2), the issuer or affiliate undertakes to provide, upon the request of any...

  1. 17 CFR 240.13e-4 - Tender offers by issuers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... legend in clear, plain language advising security holders to read the tender offer statement when it is... security is a “margin security” within the meaning of Regulation T (12 CFR 220.2) and the issuer or... Regulation T (12 CFR 220.2), the issuer or affiliate undertakes to provide, upon the request of any...

  2. The Native American Experience...A Special Report. Project R.E.A.C.H. Ethnic Perspectives Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, Gary; Neal, Colleen

    American history is looked at through the eyes of Native Americans. Chapter 1 covers legends and theories concerning the origins of the American Indians, the arrival of Columbus and the European stereotype of the American Indian, the early relationships between the Indians and Europeans, and the disputes over land. Chapter 2 discusses the United…

  3. Seneca Storybook=Onodowa'ga' Gaga: Sho'o'h.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Bilingual Education.

    Featuring supernatural events and relationship between man and nature, this collection of 15 Seneca stories is presented in English and Seneca versions with 12 full-page illustrations. The stories are adaptations from "Seneca Fiction, Legends and Myths" originally compiled by Jeremiah Curtain and J. N. B. Hewitt following field research in…

  4. 15 CFR 30.7 - Annotating the bill of lading, air waybill, or other commercial loading documents with proof of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... identified in the ITAR (22 CFR 120 through 130) for the U.S. State Department requirements concerning the..., exemption or exclusions legends. (c) Exports of rough diamonds classified under HS subheadings 7102.10, 7102.21, and 7102.31, in accordance with the Clean Diamond Trade Act, will require the proof of...

  5. 15 CFR 30.7 - Annotating the bill of lading, air waybill, or other commercial loading documents with proof of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... identified in the ITAR (22 CFR 120 through 130) for the U.S. State Department requirements concerning the..., exemption or exclusions legends. (c) Exports of rough diamonds classified under HS subheadings 7102.10, 7102.21, and 7102.31, in accordance with the Clean Diamond Trade Act, will require the proof of...

  6. 15 CFR 30.7 - Annotating the bill of lading, air waybill, or other commercial loading documents with proof of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... identified in the ITAR (22 CFR 120 through 130) for the U.S. State Department requirements concerning the..., exemption or exclusions legends. (c) Exports of rough diamonds classified under HS subheadings 7102.10, 7102.21, and 7102.31, in accordance with the Clean Diamond Trade Act, will require the proof of...

  7. 40 CFR 168.22 - Advertising of unregistered pesticides, unregistered uses of registered pesticides and FIFRA...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    .... EPA interprets these provisions as extending to advertisements in any advertising medium to which... exemption, except for advertisements that: (i) Are placed in media which address primarily persons in the..., this criterion will be met by a legend in 6-point or larger type....

  8. Literatura Oral Hispanica (Hispanic Oral Literature).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McAlpine, Dave

    As part of a class in Hispanic Oral Literature, students collected pieces of folklore from various Hispanic residents in the region known as "Siouxland" in Iowa. Consisting of some of the folklore recorded from the residents, this paper includes 18 "cuentos y leyendas" (tales and legends), 48 "refranes" (proverbs), 17 "chistes" (jokes), 1…

  9. 48 CFR 52.215-1 - Instructions to Offerors-Competitive Acquisition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... initial point of entry to the Government infrastructure not later than 5:00 p.m. one working day prior to... that they do not want disclosed to the public for any purpose, or used by the Government except for evaluation purposes, shall— (1) Mark the title page with the following legend: This proposal includes...

  10. Classical Mythology for Teachers of English.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayerson, Philip

    A knowledge of the major myths and legends will be an invaluable asset to the student in acquiring a richer and deeper appreciation of his reading, be t in English or a foreign language. The teacher must treat the material systematically, starting with the creation of the primal power out of chaos and the struggles for power which ultimately lead…

  11. Reading Aloud to Children in Chamorro. [Audiotape].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pacific Resources for Education and Learning, Honolulu, HI.

    This series of audiotapes (cassettes) uses a legend from different island communities in the Pacific to model ways parents can read with their children. English is on one side, Chamorro-- the indigenous language of the inhabitants of Guam and the other Mariana Islands--is on the other. (Author/KFT)

  12. 9. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWING BY J. E. TAYLOR, SHOWING SOUTH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWING BY J. E. TAYLOR, SHOWING SOUTH FRONT, LEGEND READS: 'BELLE GROVE HOUSE GENERAL SHERIDANS HD QTS AT CEDAR CREEK - GEN'L N. G. WRIGHT IN TEMPORARY COMMAND GORDONS TROOPS SWEEPING THE 19th CORPS BEFORE IT BY THE HOME AT DAWN - DEATH OF CAPT PHIL BIER' - Belle Grove, State Route 727, Middletown, Frederick County, VA

  13. 48 CFR 252.227-7025 - Limitations on the Use or Disclosure of Government-Furnished Information Marked with Restrictive...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... software received with SBIR data rights legends (during the SBIR data protection period) only in the... data, the terms “covered Government support contractor,” “limited rights,” and “Government purpose rights” are defined in the clause at 252.227-7013, Rights in Technical Data-Noncommercial Items. (2)...

  14. Forget the Gipper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manos, Keith

    2003-01-01

    Before, a coach was considered as the gray-haired legend who packed the display cases with trophies or the soft-spoken father figure who always had time to listen. A coach may even be loved, or at least respected from a distance. When their teenagers take the plunge into high school sports, parents often expect the coach to be a surrogate parent…

  15. Materials Developed from American Indian Culture-Based Curriculum Workshop (Tacoma, Washington, April 18-19, 1979). Book Three.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Disney, Dick, Comp.

    The major thrust of the third American Indian Culture-Based Curriculum Workshop was the development of ideas and materials oriented toward American Indian stories and legends in such a manner that librarians could acquire the needed skills and knowledge to ensure their authenticity and proficiency of presentations to both Indian and non-Indian…

  16. The Green Man

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson-Newlin, Karen

    2010-01-01

    The Jolly Green Giant. Robin Hood. The Bamberg Cathedral. Tales of King Arthur. Ecology. What do they have in common? What legends and ancient myths are shrouded in the tales of the Green Man? Most often perceived as an ancient Celtic symbol as the god of spring and summer, the Green Man disappears and returns year after year, century after…

  17. Mask of Black God: The Pleiades in Navajo Cosmology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schulz, Teresa M.

    2005-01-01

    One Navajo legend attributes the creation of the primary stars and constellations to Black God. Today, a famous star cluster--the Pleiades--often appears on the traditional mask worn by chanters impersonating Black God during special ceremonies. In this case study, students learn about the Pleiades in Navajo cosmology while honing their…

  18. 9 CFR 381.128 - Labels in foreign languages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... in foreign languages. Any label to be affixed to a container of any dressed poultry or other poultry product for foreign commerce may be printed in a foreign language. However, the official inspection legend and establishment number shall appear on the label in English, but in addition, may be...

  19. 9 CFR 381.128 - Labels in foreign languages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... in foreign languages. Any label to be affixed to a container of any dressed poultry or other poultry product for foreign commerce may be printed in a foreign language. However, the official inspection legend and establishment number shall appear on the label in English, but in addition, may be...

  20. The Great Experiment: George Washington and the American Republic. A Unit of Study for Grades 8-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ankeney, Kirk S.; Miller, Mary Winslow; Symcox, Linda; Vigilante, David

    Separating George Washington the man from Washington the legend is difficult for historians and students alike because his fame complicates historical scrutiny. Washington owned slaves and ambitiously sought power, yet he freed his slaves upon his death and he used his power to forge a democratic nation. Throughout this unit students examine…

  1. Campus-Based College Health Services before the Amherst Program (1860): Military Academies Lead the Way

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christmas, William A.

    2011-01-01

    Over the past 70 years a legend has evolved that the first college health program in the United States was established at Amherst College in 1861. Although the program at Amherst was innovative in its day and served as a model for the field of college health, several other institutions prior to 1860 appropriated funds, hired staff, and established…

  2. Siegfried the Dragonslayer Meets the Web: Using Digital Media for Developing Historical Awareness and Advanced Language and Critical Thinking Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rasmussen, Ann Marie

    2011-01-01

    This article describes an undergraduate, German-language course that aimed to improve students' language skills, critical thinking, and declarative knowledge of German history and culture by studying multiple manifestations of the legend of Siegfried the Dragonslayer. The course used web-based e-learning tools to address two major learning…

  3. Stories That Must Not Die. Volume Three.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sauvageau, Juan

    Local history and legends of spirits appear often in this bilingual Spanish and English collection of 10 Southwest traditional tales, intended to promote interest in bilingual/bicultural programs and to preserve the colorful folklore of the area. Black and white drawings accompany the stories which deal with animals ("A Parrot for Christmas", "An…

  4. 49 CFR 176.325 - Smoking or open flame and posting of warning signs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Smoking or open flame and posting of warning signs... Smoking or open flame and posting of warning signs. (a) Smoking or the use of open flame is prohibited in... material. (b) A sign carrying the legend: FLAMMABLE VAPORS KEEP LIGHTS AND FIRE AWAY NO SMOKING must...

  5. 49 CFR 176.325 - Smoking or open flame and posting of warning signs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Smoking or open flame and posting of warning signs... Smoking or open flame and posting of warning signs. (a) Smoking or the use of open flame is prohibited in... material. (b) A sign carrying the legend: FLAMMABLE VAPORS KEEP LIGHTS AND FIRE AWAY NO SMOKING must...

  6. 46 CFR 153.955 - Warning signs during cargo transfer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Cargo. (3) No Visitors. (4) No Smoking. (5) No Open Lights. (c) Each letter must be block style, black... borders of the sign. (f) Except as described in § 153.1045, the legends “No Smoking” and “No Open...

  7. 46 CFR 153.955 - Warning signs during cargo transfer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Cargo. (3) No Visitors. (4) No Smoking. (5) No Open Lights. (c) Each letter must be block style, black... borders of the sign. (f) Except as described in § 153.1045, the legends “No Smoking” and “No Open...

  8. 49 CFR 176.325 - Smoking or open flame and posting of warning signs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Smoking or open flame and posting of warning signs... Smoking or open flame and posting of warning signs. (a) Smoking or the use of open flame is prohibited in... material. (b) A sign carrying the legend: FLAMMABLE VAPORS KEEP LIGHTS AND FIRE AWAY NO SMOKING must...

  9. 49 CFR 176.325 - Smoking or open flame and posting of warning signs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Smoking or open flame and posting of warning signs... Smoking or open flame and posting of warning signs. (a) Smoking or the use of open flame is prohibited in... material. (b) A sign carrying the legend: FLAMMABLE VAPORS KEEP LIGHTS AND FIRE AWAY NO SMOKING must...

  10. 49 CFR 176.325 - Smoking or open flame and posting of warning signs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Smoking or open flame and posting of warning signs... Smoking or open flame and posting of warning signs. (a) Smoking or the use of open flame is prohibited in... material. (b) A sign carrying the legend: FLAMMABLE VAPORS KEEP LIGHTS AND FIRE AWAY NO SMOKING must...

  11. Materials Developed from American Indian Culture-Based Curriculum Workshop (Tacoma, Washington, April 25-29, 1977). Book One.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Disney, Dick, Comp.

    Materials presented in this resource guide are the direct result of an American Indian Culture-Based Curriculum Development Workshop. Activities consist of nine flannelboard stories (including The Fire War, How Coyote Made the Columbia River, Legend of the Mayan Moon God); two games (American Indian Games and Indian Picture Symbol Checkerboard);…

  12. 9 CFR 327.26 - Official import inspection marks and devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION..., the official inspection legend to be applied to imported meat and meat food products shall be in the... used in lieu thereof. EC11SE91.023 For application to cattle, sheep, swine, and goat carcasses,...

  13. 9 CFR 381.123 - Official inspection mark; official establishment number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... label of a canned product, or on other packaging or labeling in the container, e.g., on aluminum pans... official inspection legend, such as “Plant No. on Package Closure” or “Plant No. on Pan”, if shown in...

  14. 9 CFR 317.3 - Approval of abbreviations of marks of inspection; preparation of marking devices bearing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... other (nonhorse) equine meat food products), or any abbreviations, copy or representation thereof. (c... horse carcasses and parts of horse carcasses), § 312.3(b) (only the legend appropriate for other equine (nonhorse) carcasses and parts of other (nonhorse) equine carcasses) or § 312.7(a). (1) The certificate is...

  15. 9 CFR 317.3 - Approval of abbreviations of marks of inspection; preparation of marking devices bearing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... other (nonhorse) equine meat food products), or any abbreviations, copy or representation thereof. (c... horse carcasses and parts of horse carcasses), § 312.3(b) (only the legend appropriate for other equine (nonhorse) carcasses and parts of other (nonhorse) equine carcasses) or § 312.7(a). (1) The certificate is...

  16. 9 CFR 317.3 - Approval of abbreviations of marks of inspection; preparation of marking devices bearing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... other (nonhorse) equine meat food products), or any abbreviations, copy or representation thereof. (c... horse carcasses and parts of horse carcasses), § 312.3(b) (only the legend appropriate for other equine (nonhorse) carcasses and parts of other (nonhorse) equine carcasses) or § 312.7(a). (1) The certificate is...

  17. Merlin's Magic: A Reading Activities Idea Book for Use with Children. Fun with Reading Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Carol H., Ed.

    Intended for public and school librarians, teachers and other school personnel, and community groups working with children to promote an interest in reading, this book contains planning suggestions and activities for developing a reading program around the theme of Merlin the magician and Arthurian legend. The first portion of the book focuses on…

  18. Pour Adolescent et Adulte, Francais Langue Etrangere, Niveau 1 (French as a Foreign Language, Level 1, for Adolescents and Adults)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibert, Pierre

    1975-01-01

    This annotated bibliography lists dictionaries and reading materials including stories and legends, biographies, works relating to cinema, theatre and French civilization, magazines, and educational activities and games for introductory instruction of French as a foreign language to adults and adolescents. (Text is in French.) (CLK)

  19. Goodbye to Camelot.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Carol C.

    1985-01-01

    Reviews Rosemary Sutcliffe's "The Sword and the Circle," a contemporary reworking of the Arthurian legend. Suggests that it fails by comparison with the versions of Tennyson and Malory because it depicts Arthur as a pawn of magicians rather than a duly elected leader working with his subjects to create a just society. (RBW)

  20. The People Who Were Here Before Speak to the People Here Now.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garvey, James W.

    The value of hearing, contemplating, and remembering the ancient tales of the Seneca Indians of upstate New York is the theme of this paper. Three of the legends, the Storytelling Stone, the Woman Who Fell from the Sky, and Naked Bear, are related by the author. They are considered for their mythic concerns and in terms of their value and relation…

  1. The Secret of No Face (an Ireokwa Epic).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parker, Everett; Ryan, Kenida (Oledoska)

    An attempt to preserve stories from the oral tradition of the Seneca Indians of the Iroquois tribes is made in this volume. These stories draw on the philosophy and moral teachings of Handsome Lake, a Seneca prophet who was a spiritual leader to his people. The purpose of this English translation of Iroquois legends is to go directly to the…

  2. Campfire Stories of the Fort Belknap Community.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Minerva, Comp.

    This collection contains 21 brief stories told by members of the Fort Belknap (Montana) American Indian community. These tales of the Assiniboine, Sioux, and Gros Ventres include legends, ghost stories, and reminiscences of heroic deeds, traditional life, and unusual events. Recollections of the past contain descriptions of the daily life of the…

  3. 9 CFR 312.3 - Official marks and devices to identify inspected and passed equine products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... inspection legend required by § 316.12 or § 317.2 of this subchapter to identify inspected and passed horse carcasses and parts of carcasses, or horse meat food products shall be in the appropriate form as... INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND...

  4. 9 CFR 312.3 - Official marks and devices to identify inspected and passed equine products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... inspection legend required by § 316.12 or § 317.2 of this subchapter to identify inspected and passed horse carcasses and parts of carcasses, or horse meat food products shall be in the appropriate form as... INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND...

  5. 9 CFR 312.3 - Official marks and devices to identify inspected and passed equine products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... inspection legend required by § 316.12 or § 317.2 of this subchapter to identify inspected and passed horse carcasses and parts of carcasses, or horse meat food products shall be in the appropriate form as... INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND...

  6. 9 CFR 312.3 - Official marks and devices to identify inspected and passed equine products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... inspection legend required by § 316.12 or § 317.2 of this subchapter to identify inspected and passed horse carcasses and parts of carcasses, or horse meat food products shall be in the appropriate form as... INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND...

  7. 9 CFR 312.3 - Official marks and devices to identify inspected and passed equine products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... inspection legend required by § 316.12 or § 317.2 of this subchapter to identify inspected and passed horse carcasses and parts of carcasses, or horse meat food products shall be in the appropriate form as... INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND...

  8. Twisters, Tall Tales, & Science Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilcox, Dawn Renee; Sterling, Donna R.

    2006-01-01

    Legends and tall tales have been part of the American culture for ages. Students are probably already familiar with the tales of how Pecos Bill fearlessly tamed a ferocious tornado, or Paul Bunyan effortlessly restrained a great river. Such tales have been passed down from generation to generation to explain humanity, the natural world, and…

  9. 47 CFR 22.947 - Five year build-out period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... the relevant cell locations and coverage of the system at the end of the five year build-out period... triplicate, additional maps and/or data as necessary to insure that the cell locations and coverage of the... map must have a legend, a distance scale and correctly labeled latitude and longitude lines. The...

  10. The Navajo Way of Life: A Resource Unit with Activities for Grades 4-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cordova, Dahlia

    A resource unit on the Navajo way of life, for grades 4-6, contains sections on Navajo history, art, and crafts, homes, music, poetry and games; Navajo and Pueblo cookery (including recipes); traditional Navajo dress, ceremony and legends; and successful Navajos, past and present. Sections include text, vocabulary words, drawings, maps, and…

  11. 44 CFR 5.55 - Appeal within FEMA of denial of request.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... appeal letter should bear the legend, “FREEDOM OF INFORMATION APPEAL,” conspicuously marked on both the... the twenty day time limit set out in paragraph (c) of this section. (h) If, on appeal, the denial of... the requestor a copy of the ruling in writing within the twenty day time limit set out in paragraph...

  12. Allan Sandage : L'architecte de l'expansion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bonnet-Bidaud, J. M.

    1998-07-01

    Il fut de cette poignee de pionniers qui ouvrirent le monde extragalactique. Depuis pres de 50 ans, Allan Sandage poursuit la quete amorcee par le "maitre" Edwin Hubble : mesurer le taux d'expansion de l'Univers. Rencontre avec une legende vivante de la cosmologie...

  13. Early Childhood in the New China: Suzhou

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalinowski, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Suzhou is one hour to the West of Shanghai, and one of China's most interesting cities, famous for its silks, canals, and scholar gardens. According to a popular legend, Marco Polo is reputed to have said, "In heaven there is paradise, and on earth, Hangzhou and Suzhou." As the city rapidly expands, the issue of early childhood education is a…

  14. The Country School in Literature. Country School Legacy: Humanities on the Frontier.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grundy, Ernest

    A review of the country school in literature discusses Irving's "The Legend of Sleppy Hollow," Whittier's "Snowbound" and "In School Days," Eggleston's "The Hoosier School Master," and Stuart's "To Teach, To Love" and "The Thread That Runs So True." These literary works portray the country school teacher as being the brunt of larger or older boys'…

  15. Inventions: Waiting for Eureka

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engelfried, Steven

    2010-01-01

    Legend has it that when Archimedes made a discovery related to water displacement, he leapt out of a bath declaring, "Eureka!" Whether true or not, the tale serves as a symbol for the notion that a burst of inspiration can lead to an exciting new discovery. Most books about inventions, however, tell a different story. The path from the germ of an…

  16. Cinderella Meets Ulysses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mello, Robin

    2001-01-01

    Presents a study of boys' and girls' conversations about traditional folktales. Focuses on storytelling as a teaching method and explores how students learn from folktales, myths, and legends. Investigates how characters and gender roles in folktales and other traditional stories act as educational and developmental models, especially among…

  17. 9 CFR 316.13 - Marking of outside containers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... domestic commerce is moved from an official establishment, the outside container shall bear an official... establishment for domestic commerce has been inspected and passed and is enclosed in a cloth or other wrapping... inspection legend shall be destroyed. (e) The outside containers of any product which has been inspected...

  18. Stories That Must Not Die. Volume Four.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sauvageau, Juan

    Fourth in a series of bilingual (Spanish and English) texts intended to promote interest in bilingual/bicultural programs and to preserve the colorful folklore of the Southwest, this text contains 10 traditional tales from the area. Accompanied by black and white illustrations, the tales concern local legends and personalities ("Thunder Ramirez",…

  19. Alma Flor Ada and the Quest for Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manna, Anthony, L.; Hill, Janet; Kellogg, Kathy

    2004-01-01

    Alma Flor Ada, a folklorist, novelist, scholar, teacher, and children's book author has passionate dedication to education for social justice, equality, and peace. As a faculty member at the University of San Francisco, Ada has developed programs that help students and others transform their lives and has written several bilingual legends and…

  20. Learning from a Bike Trip

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koren, Mike

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author describes a bike trip which marks the culmination of a unit reviewing map-reading capabilities. In seventh grade, students develop various map skills, including cardinal and intermediate directions, how to measure distance on a map using a scale of miles, how to interpret the legend of a map, and how to locate places…

  1. Percentage of Adults with High Cholesterol Whose LDL Cholesterol Levels Are Adequately Controlled

    MedlinePlus

    ... of Adults with High Cholesterol Whose LDL Cholesterol Levels are Adequately Controlled High cholesterol can double a ... with High Cholesterol that is Controlled by Education Level 8k4c-k22f Download these data » Click on legends ...

  2. 77 FR 11538 - Findings of Research Misconduct

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-27

    ... Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), National Institutes of Health (NIH), grants R01 AA07568... presentation at the 2009 Research Society on Alcoholism. Falsified the figure legends and/or text in a... that gestational alcohol exposure had an effect on brain development by affecting the way...

  3. Pre-Service Biology Teachers' and Primary School Students' Attitudes toward and Knowledge about Snakes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomazic, Iztok

    2011-01-01

    Snakes are controversial animals emblazoned by legends, but also endangered as a result of human prejudice and fear. The author investigated gender and age-related differences in attitudes to and knowledge of snakes comparing samples of school children and pre-service teachers. It was found that although pre-service teachers had better knowledge…

  4. 76 FR 45453 - New Car Assessment Program (NCAP); Safety Labeling

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-29

    ... and After NCAP Testing F. Consumer Survey and Label Research G. Other Issues 1. Legend for Star... requirements.\\7\\ \\6\\ 49 U.S.C. 32908(g). \\7\\ 76 FR 39478; July 06, 2011. Finally, the Motor Vehicle Information... vehicle manufacturers to incorporate a distinct safety rating label into the Monroney label. \\9\\ 71...

  5. Playing with Klee

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yoder-Wyse, Jhan

    2008-01-01

    Young children are experts at make-believe and delight in listening to tales of fantasy and wonder. When the author learned that the second-grade students in her school were studying fairy tales and legends, she took advantage of their natural interests and classroom experiences and introduced them to the magical, dreamlike paintings of Swiss…

  6. Reaching Children through Their Ancestral Language and Authentic Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bannon, Kay Thorpe

    2004-01-01

    In this article, the author describes a program of Eastern Cherokee ancestral language restoration in Cherokee, North Carolina. One of the primary goals of the program is to enhance the self-concept of the children and motivate the students to experience academic excitement and success. The use of authentic legends and stories is one method…

  7. PATHWAYS: An Adult Pre-GED Reading Skills Workbook. Level III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lovett, Ollie M.

    Utilizing Southwestern Indian myths, legends, poems, history, and information on religious beliefs, architecture, fine arts, music, dance, and social practices, this Pre-GED (General Educational Development) Level III reading skills workbook, part of the PATHWAYS Curriculum, provides a culture-based GED preparatory reading and writing curriculum…

  8. 17 CFR 230.498 - Summary Prospectuses for open-end management investment companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... outside the United States in accordance with Regulation S need not be registered under the Act. See....” (iv) The approximate date of the Summary Prospectus's first use. (v) The following legend: Before you invest, you may want to review the Fund's prospectus, which contains more information about the Fund...

  9. The Healing Web: A Transformative Model for Nursing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bunkers, Sandra Schmidt

    1992-01-01

    A Navajo legend describes a web woven by Spider Woman that saved the people during a great flood. This article uses the imagery of the web to help education and service think more clearly about nursing's future. The Healing Web project seeks to educate nurses in a futuristic differentiated model. (Author/JOW)

  10. An Arthurian Dictionary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moorman, Charles; Moorman, Ruth

    Intended as a reference manual for students, this dictionary lists the characters, places, and topics connected with the legend of King Arthur from its first written appearances through Sir Thomas Malory's "Le Morte d'Arthur." The entries are generally limited to Celtic, French, German, and English materials and include characters and places that…

  11. Beyond Social Constructionism: A Structural Analysis of the Cultural Significance of the Child Star

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connor, Jane

    2009-01-01

    This article challenges the dominance of social constructionist theories of childhood by presenting a structural analysis of the child star as a recurrent, universal feature in the myths and legends of the world. The article argues that by conceptualising our understanding of children and childhood as being due solely to the socio-historical…

  12. Teaching Guide for Indian Literature. Volume II. Reading Level 6 and Above.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Diana; McCarty, T. L., Ed.

    The guide contains detailed suggestions for teaching 10 books about Indians to older students who read easily and are ready to be introduced to serious literature. The books are When the Legends Die; Laughing Boy; Dancehall of the Dead; The Man Who Killed The Deer; Rolling Thunder; House Made of Dawn; Yes Is Better Than No; The Man To Send Rain…

  13. Notable Children's Trade Books in the Field of Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Social Education, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Written primarily for children in grades K-8, the books selected for this annotated bibliography emphasize human relations. Books on U.S. history and culture, world history and culture, contemporary interests and controversies, understanding oneself and others, and religion, as well as biographies, autobiographies, folktales, and legends are…

  14. Native Americans: The First Campers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunn, Bonnie; Frebertshauser, Denise

    2002-01-01

    Questions are presented to help camps determine if their usage of American Indian culture truly honors Native Americans. Camps that plan to use Indian lore should research the tribe's name, location, symbols, legends, and living habits. A 5-day program is presented for enhancing campers' understanding of Native peoples and their relationship to…

  15. 10 CFR 32.74 - Manufacture and distribution of sources or devices containing byproduct material for medical use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...; (iii) Procedures for, and results of, prototype tests to demonstrate that the source or device will... devices containing byproduct material, the radiation profile of a prototype device; (v) Details of quality... prototype tests; (vi) Procedures and standards for calibrating sources and devices; (vii) Legend and...

  16. 10 CFR 32.74 - Manufacture and distribution of sources or devices containing byproduct material for medical use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...; (iii) Procedures for, and results of, prototype tests to demonstrate that the source or device will... devices containing byproduct material, the radiation profile of a prototype device; (v) Details of quality... prototype tests; (vi) Procedures and standards for calibrating sources and devices; (vii) Legend and...

  17. No Turning Back: A Hopi Indian Woman's Struggle to Live in Two Worlds. As Told to Vada F. Carlson.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Qoyawayma, Polingaysi

    For high school and adult readers this autobiography of Polingaysi Qoyawayma (Elizabeth Q. White) relates a Hopi Indian woman's struggle to adjust to an alien culture and to develop teaching methods to bridge the gap between Indians and the white world. Information on Hopi legends and ceremonies introduce the reader to the Hopi way of life. Born…

  18. Bulgarian Modern Poetry [and] Dracula - Fact and Fiction, for a Western World Literature Class. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars Abroad, 1997. (Romania and Bulgaria).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rang, Barbara L.

    This project developed two units for secondary students, one dealing with the modern poetry of Bulgaria and one with the legend of Dracula. The first unit includes poems, discussion questions, and a background essay. The second unit includes discussion materials largely based on Brian Stoker's novel "Dracula," and an historical essay on Vlad…

  19. Focus on World Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mullican, James S., Ed.

    1974-01-01

    This issue of the "Indiana English Journal" contains four articles: "Value Clarification through World Literature" by R. Baird Shuman; "Polynesian Literature: Coming to Life in the Classroom" (with bibliography) by Barbara M. Elkington and Ruth P. Smith; "The Deirdre Legend in Three Irish Plays" by Ronald L. Baker; and "Teaching Asian Literature"…

  20. Silly Salamanders and Other Slightly Stupid Stuff for Readers Theatre.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fredericks, Anthony D.

    This book contains more than two dozen reader's theater scripts to entertain and amuse those in the classroom or library. The scripts in the book--all are reproducible--can help nurture student language arts skills and the power of the imagination with their fractured "takes" on fairy tales and their twisted legends. Designed to re-energize the…

  1. The Value of Animations in Biology Teaching: A Study of Long-Term Memory Retention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Day, Danton H.

    2007-01-01

    Previous work has established that a narrated animation is more effective at communicating a complex biological process (signal transduction) than the equivalent graphic with figure legend. To my knowledge, no study has been done in any subject area on the effectiveness of animations versus graphics in the long-term retention of information, a…

  2. The Mamook Book: Activities for Learning About the Northwest Coast Indians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathers, Sharon; And Others

    A student activity book about the Northwest Coast provides "to-do" activities, such as reading, coloring, cutting out and putting together, while learning about the Northwest Coast tribes, their language, legends, clothing and ways of living. A map identifies the tribes and their location along the shores of Alaska, British Columbia, western…

  3. Issue Cover (June 2016).

    PubMed

    2016-06-01

    Cover legend: Yeast cells were labeled with the fluorescent viability dyes propidium iodide (Red) and DiBAC4(3) (green) and the nucleus was stained with DAPI (blue). Cells were visualized using wide-field fluorescent microscopy. See Chadwick et al. Traffic 2016; 17(6):689-703. Read the full article on doi:10.1111/tra.12391. PMID:27174376

  4. Issue Cover (September 2016).

    PubMed

    2016-09-01

    Cover legend: Macrophages phagocytosing RFP-labeled E.coli. GFP-APPL2 labels the phagosomal membrane. Image produced by N. Condon. See Yeo et al. Traffic 2016; 17(9):1014-1026. Read the full article on doi:10.1111/tra.12415. PMID:27510703

  5. Individual Folk Anthology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, Jean L.

    An individual folk anthology unit covering eight topics is described in this paper. The eight topics include (1) I have an identity, (2) my interesting name, (3) mandalas and sentences, (4) rhythms and rhymes of old times, (5) myths of my childhood, (6) folk legends/old and new, (7) aspects of folklore, and (8) slang. The activities accompanying…

  6. El Espiritu Siempre Eterno Del Mexico Americano (The Always Eternal Spirit of the Mexican American).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quintanilla, Guadalupe C.; Silman, James B.

    Twenty stories and essays suitable for intermediate and secondary grades illustrate the enduring spirit of Mexican American life, legend, custom, and culture. The Spanish language book describes the ceremonies of baptism, engagement, marriage, and the "quinceanera" (a girl's 15th birthday). Folklore (magic spells, superstitions, "cuentos" or…

  7. The Kennedy Myth and American Politics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parmet, Herbert S.

    1990-01-01

    Examines the John F. Kennedy legend and his ability as an image maker. Characterizes Kennedy's presidency in terms of pragmatic idealism. Says Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson closed out the New and Fair Deal reforms but left no social or economic transformation. Claims Kennedy's disavowal of ideological rigidity ended the power of the Democratic…

  8. School Readiness Indicator Items.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calkins, Julia; Ling, Thomson; Moore, Eric; Halle, Tamara; Hair, Beth; Moore, Kris; Zaslow, Marty

    This report provides a compilation of indicators of school readiness used in national, state, and local surveys in the United States, delineating the advantages and disadvantages for each indicator. The report begins with a legend to assist in interpreting the tables and includes contact information for national and state surveys. The remainder of…

  9. A Golden Opportunity for Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barna, Carl; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Gold's physical and chemical properties are without equal for use in high-tech fields such as medicine, space, architecture, and electronics. This article, with an accompanying poster on gold, contains the following sections: Lore and Legends; Matter, Metals, and Minerals; The Origins of Gold; Mining and Recovery; Cultural Crossroads; Modern…

  10. Basic Measures of Progress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calkins, Julia; Ling, Thomson; Moore, Eric; Halle, Tamara; Hair, Beth; Moore, Kris; Zaslow, Marty

    This document provides a compilation of measures of progress toward school readiness and three contributing conditions as used in several local, state, and national surveys. The report begins with a legend listing the surveys examined, their acronyms, and contact information. The remainder of the report, in tabular format, lists measures of…

  11. Using Enquiry-Based Learning Methods to Teach "Finnegans Wake" to Undergraduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manista, Frank C.; Gillespie, Michael Patrick

    2011-01-01

    Many readers dismiss James Joyce's final novel as impossible to wade through, with its multilingual puns, songs, jokes, portmanteau words, allusions, scientific references, myths and legends. Given the kinetic elements of any reading experience, features particularly evident in "Finnegans Wake", reading inevitably becomes synonymous with…

  12. Classical Mythology. Fourth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morford, Mark P. O.; Lenardon, Robert J.

    Designed for students with little or no background in classical literature, this book introduces the Greek and Roman myths of creation, myths of the gods, Greek sagas and local legends, and presents contemporary theories about the myths. Drawing on Homer, Hesiod, Pindar, Vergil, and others, the book provides many translations and paraphrases of…

  13. Resource analysis and land use planning with space and high altitude photography

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schrumpf, B. J.

    1972-01-01

    Photographic scales providing resource data for decision making processes of land use and a legend system for barren lands, water resources, natural vegetation, agricultural, urban, and industrial lands in hierarchical framework are applied to various remote sensing techniques. Two natural vegetation resource and land use maps for a major portion of Maricopa County, Arizona are also produced.

  14. 9 CFR 381.136 - Affixing of official identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Affixing of official identification. 381.136 Section 381.136 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... supervision. (b) No official inspection legend shall be used on any poultry product or other article...

  15. The Horse and the Plains Indian. Indian Culture Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schuessler, Raymond

    Produced by the Montana Council for Indian Education as part of its Indian Culture Series, the five short articles in the book explain how the Plains Indians got horses in legend and in fact. The stories describe the behavior codes, rules, cultural and social significance, and eventual cessation of horse raids, and the ceremony and tradition…

  16. 29 CFR 1910.1017 - Vinyl chloride.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... appropriate respirators specified in paragraph (d)(3)(i)(A) of 29 CFR 1910.134. (B) Provide an organic vapor... Suspect Agent or (ii) In accordance with 49 CFR Parts 170 through 189, with the additional legend: Cancer... representatives, and the Assistant Secretary in accordance with 29 CFR 1910.1020 (a) through (e) and (g)...

  17. 29 CFR 1910.1017 - Vinyl chloride.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... appropriate respirators specified in paragraph (d)(3)(i)(A) of 29 CFR 1910.134. (B) Provide an organic vapor... AGENT (ii) In accordance with 49 CFR Parts 170-189, with the additional legend applied near the label or... Assistant Secretary in accordance with 29 CFR 1910.1020 (a) through (e) and (g) through (i). These...

  18. 33 CFR 149.697 - What are the requirements for a noise level survey?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... measured over 12 hours to derive a time weighted average (TWA) using a sound level meter and an A-weighted... legend: “Noise Hazard—Hearing Protectors Required.” Signs must be posted at eye level at each entrance to... accommodation spaces, must be designed to limit the noise level in those areas so that personnel wearing...

  19. Charters "Yes!" Vouchers "No!" Parental Choice and Excellence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nathan, Joe

    2005-01-01

    Why did our former president and the late progressive U.S. Senator Paul Wellstone support the charter public school approach, while rejecting public funds for private or parochial schools? Why has civil rights legend Rosa Parks been a strong charter supporter? Why has the number of states with some form of charter law grown from one in 1992 to…

  20. Oral Tradition of Italian-Americans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birnbaum, Lucia Chiavola

    The assimilation of Italians into American culture led to the loss of the Italian language, and an oral tradition of Italian peasants in which Italian feminist philosophy was grounded. The legends, parables, and proverbs told by these Italian women challenged the teachings of Catholicism, perpetuating an underground religious tradition which…

  1. Piri Reis and the Columbus Map.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lunde, Paul

    1993-01-01

    Discusses the origins and impact of the Piri Reis map, an early world map based on the voyages of Columbus and 20 other source maps. Maintains that evidence exists that Christopher Columbus may have drawn part of the map. Includes lengthy quotes from the map's legend written by Reis. (CFR)

  2. Medicine Women.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beiswenger, James N., Ed.; Jeanotte, Holly, Ed.

    Described as a survival manual for Indian women in medicine, this collected work contains diverse pieces offering inspiration and practical advice for Indian women pursuing or considering careers in medicine. Introductory material includes two legends symbolizing the Medicine or Spirit Woman's role in Indian culture and an overview of Indians Into…

  3. PATHWAYS: An Adult Pre-GED Writing Skills Workbook. Level III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lovett, Ollie M.

    Emphasizing student-generated writing, the Pre-GED (General Educational Development) Level III writing skills workbook utilizes southwestern Indian myths, legends, poems, history, and information on religious beliefs, architecture, fine arts, music, dance, and social practices to provide a culture-based GED preparatory reading and writing…

  4. PATHWAYS: An Adult Pre-GED Writing Skills Workbook. Level II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lovett, Ollie M.

    Utilizing Southwestern Indian myths, legends, poems, history, and information on religious beliefs, architecture, fine arts, music, dance, and social practices, the Pre-GED (General Educational Development) Level II writing skills workbook, part of the PATHWAYS Curriculum, provides a culture-based GED preparatory reading and writing curriculum for…

  5. The Path to the Professoriate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diverse: Issues in Higher Education, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Three letters are known to strike terror into the hearts of all soon-to-be Ph.D.s in English, French, Spanish, Italian and the other languages. They are M, L and A--the acronym for the Modern Language Association, which holds its annual conference and a job fair, whose hazards are legend, every year just days after Christmas. This article…

  6. Public Library YA Program Roundup: Murder, We Wrote...and Played [and] Asleep in the Library: Girl Scouts Earn "From Dreams to Reality" Patch [and] Sign Language Funshop [and] Science Fair Help Day [and] A Skyomish Fairy Tale [and] The POW! Project: Picturing Our World! Teens Create Art and Self-Esteem at the Boston Public Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldsmith, Francisca; Seblonka, Cathy Sullivan; Wagner, Joyce; Smith, Tammy; Sipos, Caryn; Bodart, Joni Richards

    1998-01-01

    Includes six articles that describe public library programs for teens. Highlights include interactive murder mysteries; a girl scout sleepover program on career awareness; sign language workshop; a Science Fair help day that included guest speakers; a unit on fairy tales and legends; and a project to enhance creativity and self-esteem. (LRW)

  7. Interpretation of Image Content.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pettersson, Rune

    1988-01-01

    Describes experiments and studies which investigated perception and image interpretation on different cognitive levels. Subjects were asked to name, describe, index, and assess image contents; write legends; create images; complete stories; illustrate stories; and produce informative materials. Results confirmed the theory of a dual stage…

  8. 31 CFR 352.2 - Description of bonds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... nontransferable. The bonds are distinguishable by the portraits, color, border design, tax-deferral legend, and... increased by 1 percent, effective with the first full semiannual interest accrual period beginning on or... percent per annum, paid semiannually. The yield to original maturity was increased by 1 percent,...

  9. 31 CFR 352.2 - Description of bonds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... nontransferable. The bonds are distinguishable by the portraits, color, border design, tax-deferral legend, and... increased by 1 percent, effective with the first full semiannual interest accrual period beginning on or... percent per annum, paid semiannually. The yield to original maturity was increased by 1 percent,...

  10. Noteworthy Books in Spanish for Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schon, Isabel

    2002-01-01

    This annotated bibliography includes 18 titles that appeal to Spanish-speaking teens under the categories of contemporary novels, historical fiction, longtime favorites, health, and myths and legends. A sidebar lists dealers of books in Spanish for children and young adults. (LRW)

  11. Beyond Mulan: Rediscovering the Heroines of Chinese Folklore.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Suzanne D.

    2000-01-01

    Notes how sadly the Disney treatment of the story of Mulan reduced both the character Mulan and the story's broad appeal. Presents and critiques four picture book versions of the Mulan legend. Discusses 16 picture books of original folklore based on authentic Chinese sources. Concludes with criteria for evaluating Chinese folklore in picture…

  12. Polynesian Folklore: An Alternative to Plastic Toys.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Sharon; Wright, Thomas; Erickson, Lynnette

    2001-01-01

    Argues that folklore goes beyond plastic toys and popular media symbols to share the humanness of a people. Suggest ways to use Polynesian folklore (nature fables, tales, and legends) to deepen children's understanding of Polynesian culture. Reviews specific stories, references juvenile collections, and offers classroom activities. (SR)

  13. 7 CFR 51.49 - Approved identifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... indicated on the package when: (1) The product has been packed under continuous inspection as provided by... with approved grade designation for use shall be similar in form and design to the examples in figures... inspection legends may be used on containers, labels or otherwise indicated on the package when: (1)...

  14. "The Power of the Oral Tradition: Giving Life to Words:" Conversations with Virginia Driving Hawk Sneve

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Teresa; Henderson, Darwin L.

    2013-01-01

    Virginia Driving Hawk Sneve, a former English teacher and school counselor, is an award-winning author, best known for her children's books about the Rosebud Sioux life and culture, which combines history and legend to create culturally rich and authentic Native American stories. In this article, the authors share their conversations with Virginia…

  15. Shed a Tear for Suicide Hill

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollander, Allen

    1977-01-01

    Emphasizing the importance of open, non-structured space, this article asserts that it is in using these spaces to act out their fantasies that children bring life and meaning to the worlds of literature and legends and learn to experience the spice of danger, adventure, and mystery. (JC)

  16. A Kid's Catalog of Israel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burstein, Chaya M.

    This book examines the history, customs, language, crafts, recipes, geography, and music of Israel. Written in a format that appeals to juvenile readers, the book contains stories, facts, legends, photographs, maps, and illustrations to enhance the text. The 17 chapters include: (1) "All Around Israel"; (2) "A Mishmash of People": (3) "Kids in…

  17. Supporting Student's Ability in Understanding Least Common Multiple (LCM) Concept Using Storytelling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Triyani, Septi; Putri, Ratu Ilma Indra; Darmawijoyo

    2012-01-01

    Several researches showed that students had difficulty in understanding the concept of Least Common Multiple (LCM) in Elementary School. This underlies the researcher to design a learning of LCM using storytelling, Legend "Putri Dayang Merindu" (LPDM), which contains situational problem related to LCM. The purposes of this study are to…

  18. Literature by and about the American Indian; An Annotated Bibliography for Junior and Senior High School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stensland, Anna Lee

    This annotated bibliography is intended for junior and senior high school students. The contents includes five sections. "Books by and about the American Indian" discusses Indian stereotypes in literature and the criteria used for selection of books. The "Bibliography" contains myth, legend, oratory, and poetry; fiction; drama; biography and…

  19. Chinese Popular Literature and the Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Dorothea Hayward

    This book surveys the essential elements of both the written and the oral traditions that have contributed to the literary background of China's children. Chapter topics include (1) Chinese literature and its transmission from early times; (2) myths, legends, and symbolism; (3) traditional education and the classics; (4) storytellers, puppets, and…

  20. 29 CFR 1917.128 - Signs and marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Signs and marking. 1917.128 Section 1917.128 Labor... (CONTINUED) MARINE TERMINALS Terminal Facilities § 1917.128 Signs and marking. (a) General. Signs required by... reason for the sign. (1) Key words are such words as Danger, Warning, Caution. (2) Legends are...

  1. 29 CFR 1917.128 - Signs and marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Signs and marking. 1917.128 Section 1917.128 Labor... (CONTINUED) MARINE TERMINALS Terminal Facilities § 1917.128 Signs and marking. (a) General. Signs required by... reason for the sign. (1) Key words are such words as Danger, Warning, Caution. (2) Legends are...

  2. 29 CFR 1917.128 - Signs and marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Signs and marking. 1917.128 Section 1917.128 Labor... (CONTINUED) MARINE TERMINALS Terminal Facilities § 1917.128 Signs and marking. (a) General. Signs required by... reason for the sign. (1) Key words are such words as Danger, Warning, Caution. (2) Legends are...

  3. 29 CFR 1917.128 - Signs and marking.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Signs and marking. 1917.128 Section 1917.128 Labor... (CONTINUED) MARINE TERMINALS Terminal Facilities § 1917.128 Signs and marking. (a) General. Signs required by... reason for the sign. (1) Key words are such words as Danger, Warning, Caution. (2) Legends are...

  4. 9 CFR 316.4 - Marking devices; to be furnished by official establishments; control of.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... official establishments; control of. 316.4 Section 316.4 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND....4 Marking devices; to be furnished by official establishments; control of. (a) The operator of each... products with the official inspection legend, or other official inspection marks, including...

  5. A study of stratified class design for global land cover classification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Soyama, Noriko; Muramatsu, Kanako; Daigo, Motomasa; Ochiai, Fumio

    A high accuracy global land cover data is required for the study of the estimation of gross primary production (GPP) using satellite data sets. Recently, information of the Flux sites where are located various land cover situation, is used for GPP estimation study. A number of global land cover products have been produced, and their legends are less consistent. The more fragmenting legends, accuracy of land cover product intend to be reduced. From the perspective of the GPP estimation study, all legends of each global land cover system are not necessarily set so that user need legends. For example, Broad leaf forest is important for the GPP estimation, but values in which used to determine the formula of GPP estimation, are very different among Flux sites. In this study, we propose a stratified class design for global land cover classification to effectively use in the GPP estimation, and produce global land cover data using MODIS Aqua Surface Reflectance 8-Day L3 Global 500m SIN Grid V005. This study is pilot study of developing the global land cover classification algorithm in the Global Change Observation, Mission-Climate (GCOM-C) project by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).

  6. Materials Developed from American Indian Culture-Based Curriculum Workshop (Tacoma, Washington, October 24-28, 1978). Book Two.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Disney, Dick, Comp.

    Developed as a result of the second 5-day American Indian Culture-Based Curriculum Workshop conducted in Tacoma, Washington, the resource guide presents materials oriented toward Native American dance, music, and games, which were the major thrust of the workshop. The guide provides four flannelboard stories/legends (How Man Was Created, The Gull…

  7. Old Stories and New Music.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whalen, Shari

    1996-01-01

    Describes a musical created by third-grade students and their teachers in Colorado explaining Native American legends. Describes how teachers wrote songs for the program, students narrated and acted in the musical and painted scenery, costumes were brought from home and made at school. Discusses curricular areas addressed in the musical, including…

  8. Bluebonnet Fiber Collages

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sterling, Joan

    2009-01-01

    This article presents a lesson that uses stitching and applique techniques to create a fiber collage in which every child is successful with high-quality work. This lesson was inspired by Tomie dePaola's "The Legend of the Bluebonnet." The back cover had a lovely illustration of the bluebonnet flower the author thought would translate easily to a…

  9. Telling Tales: Australian Voices. Australian Studies in Language and Education Monograph Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moss, Peter

    This monograph contains a report of the field work stage of a research project, on the educational significance of the modern Australian oral tradition, which involved the collection of recordings of people telling tales, reminiscing, recalling personal events of significance, and recounting traditional Australian legends from non-Aboriginal…

  10. 9 CFR 327.15 - Outside containers of foreign products; marking and labeling; application of official inspection...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Outside containers of foreign products; marking and labeling; application of official inspection legend. 327.15 Section 327.15 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND...

  11. 17 CFR 240.14a-12 - Solicitation before furnishing a proxy statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... § 240.14a-3(a) if: (1) Each written communication includes: (i) The identity of the participants in the... language advising security holders where they can obtain that information; and (ii) A prominent legend in clear, plain language advising security holders to read the proxy statement when it is available...

  12. Practical suggestions in the writing of a research paper.

    PubMed

    Biswas, J

    1998-12-01

    Writing a scientific article requires proper planning and a methodical approach. This article provides practical tips to organize the materials before writing, and discusses how to approach the writing of different parts of an article; that is, introduction, materials and methods, results, and discussion. It also provides guidelines on authorship, citing references, selecting photographs, tables and legends, and finally on style, grammar and syntax.

  13. 33 CFR 207.187 - Gulf Intracoastal Waterway, Tex.; special floodgate, lock and navigation regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... stem of the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway either eastbound or westbound. During periods when the red light... an adjunct to the red light. (2) Signs. Large signs with silver reflective background and stop sign... the Colorado River. The legend states “DO NOT PROCEED BEYOND THIS POINT WHEN SIGNAL TOWER LIGHT IS...

  14. 33 CFR 207.187 - Gulf Intracoastal Waterway, Tex.; special floodgate, lock and navigation regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... stem of the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway either eastbound or westbound. During periods when the red light... an adjunct to the red light. (2) Signs. Large signs with silver reflective background and stop sign... the Colorado River. The legend states “DO NOT PROCEED BEYOND THIS POINT WHEN SIGNAL TOWER LIGHT IS...

  15. How Stories From Alaska.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Minnie

    Four simple "how" stories from Alaskan legend are presented in large type and amply illustrated. In "How the Caribou Lost His Teeth", Siqpik's only son is eaten by the sharp-toothed caribou, so Siqpik feeds the animal sour berries to make his teeth fall out. "How the Loon Got His Spots" relates how the raven paints the loon's back with soot then…

  16. 10 CFR 603.855 - Protected data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Protected data. 603.855 Section 603.855 Energy DEPARTMENT... Other Administrative Matters Intellectual Property § 603.855 Protected data. In accordance with law and regulation, the contracting officer must not release or disclose data marked with a restrictive legend...

  17. 10 CFR 603.855 - Protected data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Protected data. 603.855 Section 603.855 Energy DEPARTMENT... Other Administrative Matters Intellectual Property § 603.855 Protected data. In accordance with law and regulation, the contracting officer must not release or disclose data marked with a restrictive legend...

  18. 10 CFR 603.855 - Protected data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Protected data. 603.855 Section 603.855 Energy DEPARTMENT... Other Administrative Matters Intellectual Property § 603.855 Protected data. In accordance with law and regulation, the contracting officer must not release or disclose data marked with a restrictive legend...

  19. 10 CFR 603.855 - Protected data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Protected data. 603.855 Section 603.855 Energy DEPARTMENT... Other Administrative Matters Intellectual Property § 603.855 Protected data. In accordance with law and regulation, the contracting officer must not release or disclose data marked with a restrictive legend...

  20. 10 CFR 603.855 - Protected data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Protected data. 603.855 Section 603.855 Energy DEPARTMENT... Other Administrative Matters Intellectual Property § 603.855 Protected data. In accordance with law and regulation, the contracting officer must not release or disclose data marked with a restrictive legend...

  1. Life in the Sharakakpok Village.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finkel, Doris

    1994-01-01

    Describes a five-month study unit for eight to nine-year olds that integrates the Native Peoples of Manhattan, New York, into social studies, science, the arts, and literature. The unit includes the area's environment; the area's people; a harvest festival; tribal legends and traditions; literature to expand student's work; and science class…

  2. 12 CFR 390.340 - Offers and sales of securities at an office of a State savings association.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... stock form of organization in a conversion approved pursuant to 12 CFR part 192 may be offered and sold... conspicuously on the security and in all offering documents and advertisements for the securities; the legend... the conversion stock offering. (b) Securities sales practices, advertisements, and other...

  3. 12 CFR 390.340 - Offers and sales of securities at an office of a State savings association.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... stock form of organization in a conversion approved pursuant to 12 CFR part 192 may be offered and sold... conspicuously on the security and in all offering documents and advertisements for the securities; the legend... the conversion stock offering. (b) Securities sales practices, advertisements, and other...

  4. 12 CFR 390.340 - Offers and sales of securities at an office of a State savings association.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... stock form of organization in a conversion approved pursuant to 12 CFR part 192 may be offered and sold... conspicuously on the security and in all offering documents and advertisements for the securities; the legend... the conversion stock offering. (b) Securities sales practices, advertisements, and other...

  5. And All the Dark Make Bright Like Day: Christmas Books 1960-1972.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Long, Sidney

    This annotated bibliography is prefaced by a brief introduction emphasizing the effect of social and cultural change in the past decade as reflected in Christmas books for children. Ten sections deal with the nights before Christmas, the Nativity, miracles and legends, carols, children and Christmas in other lands, Christmas in America, Christmas…

  6. Criticisms of Segal's Interpretation of the Ancient Greek Pentathlon.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barney, Robert Knight

    This paper examines the ancient Greek pentathlon as it was conducted during the Olympic games. The pentathlon was comprised of five sub-exercises: (1) the jump; (2) the discus throw; (3) the javelin throw; (4) the stade run; and (5) wrestling. Using scholarship in the fields of archaeology, ancient poetry and legends, and pictorial evidence such…

  7. Hinemoa.

    PubMed

    Awekotuku, N T

    2001-01-01

    SUMMARY This is a retelling of the famous Maori legend, the romance of Hinemoa and Tutanekai. In this version, with an introductory text, the writer challenges the Victorian record, and subverts the contemporary story. She presents an alternate narrative. PMID:24807563

  8. Folklore: A Guide to Reference Sources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slavin, Suzy, Comp.

    This biliography, designed primarily for students of literature and anthropology, deals principally with traditional oral folk literature and the folk tale narrative. The materials in the bibliography, cited for their references to folk arts, crafts, customs, legends, and riddles, are listed within four categories: guides and handbooks,…

  9. Antologia Del Saber Popular: A Selection from Various Genres of Mexican Folklore Across Borders. Monograph No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robe, Stanley L., Ed.

    A variety of oral folk material from Mexican sources is presented in this anthology. The 114 selections are derived from the various genres available and from traditional as well as newer formations. The selections include folktales, jests and anecdotes, legends and beliefs, beliefs about popular medicine, prayers, verses, children's games and…

  10. Traditional Native Poetry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grant, Agnes

    1985-01-01

    While Native myths and legends were educational tools to transmit tribal beliefs and history, traditional American Indian poetry served a ritualistic function in everyday life. Few traditional Native songs, which all poems were, survive; only Mayan and Aztec poems were written, and most of these were burned by a Spanish bishop. In addition, many…

  11. Busting Myths

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chick, Helen

    2013-01-01

    Arecent episode of "MythBusters" (Williams, 2013) involved a series of "battles of the sexes" to examine myths and urban legends about things that men are supposedly better (or worse) at doing than women. Some of the processes that were used on the show to investigate these myths, along with the data they generated, can be used…

  12. Picture Books Peek behind Cultural Curtains.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marantz, Sylvia; Marantz, Kenneth

    2000-01-01

    Discusses culture in picture books in three general categories: legends and histories; current life in particular areas; and the immigrant experience. Considers the translation of visual images, discusses authentic interpretations, and presents an annotated bibliography of picture books showing cultural diversity including African, Asian, Mexican,…

  13. A Choctaw Anthology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Jane, Ed.; And Others

    The collection of six papers provides information on the history and culture of the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians that has not been readily available before. The papers, written by college-bound Choctaw high school students, concern three legends of Nanih Waiya, the Mother Mound of Choctaws in Mississippi; the traditional Choctaw courtship…

  14. Using Literature by American Indians and Alaska Natives in Secondary Schools. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grant, Agnes; Gillespie, LaVina

    Literature is a powerful vehicle for the transmission and interpretation of culture. Reading a variety of literature helps students to understand the principles underpinning values and traditions of their own culture and the cultures of others. Studying the myths, legends, and songs of traditional Native literature helps readers understand…

  15. Testing the Effectiveness of Classroom Maps. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Jack W.

    This study tested four physical-political map layouts designed for pupils in grades 4-6. The project studied the effect of modifying traditional classroom and textbook maps on performance in map reading. The four map designs tested were the traditional map; a map using a unified legend, more elaborate symbols, and fewer type sizes and styles; a…

  16. The Effects of Selected School Related Variables on Geographic Knowledge of Elementary School Pupils.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berryman, Charles; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Presents results of a study determining the level of place name knowledge and map skills of middle school pupils. Explores place location, symbols, legend, scale, seasons, directions, time zones, latitude, and longitude. Reports higher scores for males, transient students, and previous students of geography. Concludes that increased instruction is…

  17. Gagiwdul.at: Brought Forth To Reconfirm. The Legacy of a Taku River Tlingit Clan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nyman, Elizabeth; Leer, Jeff

    The six legends told here, in Tlingit on the left page and in English on the right page, are told by Elizabeth Nyman, a Tlingit elder of the Taku River clan. The narratives represent a portion of the clan's oral history. Introductory sections provide some historical background concerning the clan, the story teller, and the traditions with which…

  18. The Epic of Sundiata: Using African Literature in the Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Margaret Lo Piccolo

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the "Epic of Sundiata" which chronicles the rise of the Empire of Mali in the grasslands of northwestern Africa in the 13th century. This work is a compelling drama that bears comparison to such other hero tales as "The Iliad" and the Arthurian legend. Includes suggested teaching activities. (MJP)

  19. Collateral Learning and Mathematical Education of Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abramovich, Sergei

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the notion of collateral learning in the context of classic ideas about the summation of powers of the first "n" counting numbers. Proceeding from the well-known legend about young Gauss, this article demonstrates the value of reflection under the guidance of "the more knowledgeable other" as a pedagogical method of making…

  20. 39 CFR 320.6 - Suspension for extremely urgent letters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... “Private Carriage Authorized by Postal Regulations (39 CFR 320.6)” or with a similar legend identifying the... central office of a regional grocery store chain sends out to its various stores in the area inventory..., dairy products, breadstuffs, frozen foods and similar items. Early the following afternoon, each...