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Sample records for leonardas kairiuktis jone

  1. On the existence of Jones birefringence and Jones dichroism.

    PubMed

    Arteaga, Oriol

    2010-05-01

    We claim that the so-called Jones birefringence and Jones dichroism effects, understood as new optical phenomena of difficult experimental observation, cannot be deduced from Jones publications and were proposed due to a misinterpretation of his original work.

  2. Interview with Loyal Jones.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Briscoe, Lori; Collins, Erica S.; Deal, Amanda; Hancock, Ron; McGraw, Kristyn

    2000-01-01

    Loyal Jones talks about his role in the Council of the Southern Mountains, the controversy that led to its demise, founding the Appalachian Center at Berea College (Kentucky), and elitist attitudes of liberal arts colleges that hinder sincere efforts to help Appalachian people. He discusses humor as a way of simultaneously putting people on and…

  3. Bence-Jones protein - quantitative

    MedlinePlus

    Immunoglobulin light chains - urine; Urine Bence-Jones protein ... Bence-Jones proteins are a part of regular antibodies called light chains. These proteins are not normally in urine. Sometimes, when ...

  4. Genesis: The Brynmor Jones Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacKenzie, Norman

    2005-01-01

    An account of the impetus given by the Brynmor Jones report ("Audio visual aids in Higher Education", 1965) to the development of educational technology in Britain. The author, who was closely involved in the developments, discusses the influence of the audio-visual movement in the United States and the emergence of a national organisation (NCET)…

  5. No More Indiana Jones Warehouses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pannapacker, William

    2012-01-01

    In "Raiders of the Lost Ark," Indiana Jones--perhaps the last heroic professor to appear in a major Hollywood film--survives a series of adventures involving spiders, snakes, treacherous colleagues, and countless Nazis who are determined to recover the ark of the covenant for their "Fuhrer." Apparently the ark has mystical powers. Ultimately,…

  6. The House That Jones Built.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rist, Marilee C.

    1992-01-01

    Describes lifelong commitment of middle-school principal and major W.J. Jones to Coahoma, a small town in Mississippi Delta. Thanks to his efforts, town recently acquired a sewage system, blacktopped roads, and new housing (through Habitat for Humanity and World Vision). Although town elementary school fell victim to consolidation and children are…

  7. Intraoperative monitoring of Jones tube function.

    PubMed

    Kartchner, M J; Mather, T R; Dryden, R M

    1989-01-01

    If intraoperative visualization is impossible when placing a secondary Jones tube, the presence of tube drainage may confirm correct intranasal positioning. A simple suction method is presented to evaluate the intranasal position of the Jones tube in the anesthetized or uncooperative patient.

  8. The elusive Henry Jones Shrapnell.

    PubMed

    McGovern, F H

    1983-07-01

    In a small series of articles published in The London Gazette in 1830 Henry Jones Shrapnell, surgeon, first described the correct form and structure of the tympanic membrane. He divided the drum membrane into two parts, the pars tensa and the pars flaccida. To this day the latter structure is known to every otologist and to most medical students as Shrapnell's membrane. In addition he wrote on the function of the membrana tympani, the nerves of the ear, and the true anatomy of the os incus. Heretofore the lenticular process of the incus was considered a separate bone in the ossicular chain. In spite of his distinctive contribution to medicine, a search of over a decade failed to uncover little basic information about Shrapnell's life, and for this reason he has been called by a distinguished librarian, the elusive Mr. Shrapnell. Recently, from my continued investigation, and with the help of many fine London scholars, a clearer picture has emerged of Shrapnell's forebearers, his family, his education and his death. PMID:6345977

  9. Saving psychoanalysts: Ernest Jones and the Isakowers.

    PubMed

    Kirsner, Douglas

    2007-01-01

    This article examines the role played by Ernest Jones in saving psychoanalysts from Germany and Austria during the 1930s, and , in particular, in the case of Drs Otto and Salomea Isakower from Vienna. Archives from the Library of Congress and the British Psychoanalytical Society are used to document how Jones navigated the considerable difficulties presented in both Europe and London as well as by colleagues and was able to help the Isakowers emigrate to Liverpool where they worked and began the "North of England" training group with others and emigrated to the USA in 1940. As President of the International Society, Jones had responsibilities with psychoanalyst refugees, which he performed with care, commitment and political competence. Although Jones did not succeed in saving psychoanalysis in Europe, he played a crucial role in saving psychoanalysts. He helped to spread the world-wide standing and influence of psychoanalysis.

  10. 77 FR 41807 - Dow Jones & Company, Inc., Dow Jones Content Services Division, Including On-Site Workers From...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-16

    ... determination was published in the Federal Register on February 8, 2012 (77 FR 6590). At the request of a... Employment and Training Administration Dow Jones & Company, Inc., Dow Jones Content Services Division... January 26, 2011, applicable to workers of Dow Jones & Company, Inc., Dow Jones Content...

  11. 77 FR 19718 - Dow Jones & Company, Inc., Dow Jones Content Services Including On-Site Workers From Aerotek, Inc...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-02

    ... Federal Register on February 8, 2012 (77 FR 6590). At the request of the New Jersey State agency, the... Employment and Training Administration Dow Jones & Company, Inc., Dow Jones Content Services Including On... at Dow Jones Corporation, Dow Jones Content Services Princeton, New Jersey. The workers are...

  12. Generalized Jones matrices for anisotropic media.

    PubMed

    Ortega-Quijano, Noé; Arce-Diego, José Luis

    2013-03-25

    The interaction of arbitrary three-dimensional light beams with optical elements is described by the generalized Jones calculus, which has been formally proposed recently [Azzam, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 28, 2279 (2011)]. In this work we obtain the parametric expression of the 3×3 differential generalized Jones matrix (dGJM) for arbitrary optical media assuming transverse light waves. The dGJM is intimately connected to the Gell-Mann matrices, and we show that it provides a versatile method for obtaining the macroscopic GJM of media with either sequential or simultaneous anisotropic effects. Explicit parametric expressions of the GJM for some relevant optical elements are provided.

  13. Jones Center Vocational/Academic Program (JCVA).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rydalch, Jeff

    This document provides information on the Jones Center Vocational/Academic Program of the Granite School District (Utah), the purpose of which is to maintain or reintegrate students who are potential high school dropouts or dropouts into appropriate educational alternatives. Its mission statement is followed by a list of program components,…

  14. Dow Jones News/Retrieval--An IndepthBxook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dempsey, Tim

    1984-01-01

    This introduction to the nonbibliographic databases offered by the Dow Jones News/Retrieval Service describes file content and search strategies in four groups: Dow Jones Business and Economic News; Dow Jones Quotes (market prices for stocks and other securities); Financial and Investment Services; General News and Information Services. Examples…

  15. A response to Dodds and Jones.

    PubMed

    Purdy, Laura M

    1989-01-01

    In response to "Surrogacy and Autonomy," by Susan Dodds and Karen Jones in this issue of Bioethics, the author concedes that only a surrogacy practice stringently regulated by good counseling, escape clauses for pregnant women, and the prohibition of profit-making agencies will save women from exploitation, but she objects to singling out women for paternalistic "protection against themselves," and to defending women's autonomy to the extent of their right to behave in ways known to harm a fetus. Dodds and Jones' concerns about attitudes toward women, genetic bias, the concept of children as property, and the harm principle generated by surrogacy contracts are answered with arguments for why surrogacy should not be illegal.

  16. Test pilots 1952 - Walker, Butchart, and Jones

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1952-01-01

    This photo shows test pilots, (Left-Right) Joseph A. Walker, Stanley P. Butchart and Walter P. Jones, standing in front of the Douglas D-558-II Skystreak, in 1952. These three test pilots at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics' High-Speed Flight Research Station probably were discussing their flights in the aircraft. Joe flew research flights on the D-558-I #3 (14 flights, first on June 29, 1951) investigating buffeting, tail loads, and longitudinal stability. He flew the D-558-II #2 (3 flights, first on April 29, 1955) and recorded data on lateral stability and control. He also made pilot check-out flights in the D-558-II #3 (2 flights, first on May 7, 1954). For fifteen years Walker served as a pilot at the Edwards flight research facility (today known as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Dryden Flight Research Center) on research flights as well as chase missions for other pilots on NASA and Air Force research programs. On June 8, 1966, he was flying chase in NASA's F-104N for the Air Force's experimental bomber, North American XB-70A, when he was fatally injured in a mid-air collision between the planes. Stan flew the D-558-I #3 (12 flights, first on October 19, 1951) to determine the dynamic longitudinal stability characteristics and investigations of the lateral stability and control. He made one flight in the D-558-II #3 on June 26, 1953, as a pilot check-out flight. Butchart retired from the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center at Edwards, California, on February 27, 1976, after a 25-year career in research aviation. Stan served as a research pilot, chief pilot, and director of flight operations. Walter P. Jones was a research pilot for NACA from the fall of 1950 to July 1952. He had been in the U.S. Air Force as a pilot before joining the Station. Jones flew the D-558-I #3 (5 flights, first on February 13, 1951) to study buffeting, tail loads and longitudinal stability. Jones made research flights on the D-558-II #3 ( 7 flights

  17. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer February 28, 1940 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer February 28, 1940 "African House" SOUTH ELEVATION - Melrose Plantation, African House, State Highway 119, Melrose, Natchitoches Parish, LA

  18. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer March 2, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer March 2, 1940 GENERAL VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST - Fort Smith, Commissary Building, 100 South Garrison Avenue, Fort Smith, Sebastian County, AR

  19. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer May 30, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer May 30, 1940. BRICKWORK DETAIL - NORTHWEST ELEVATION - Colonel William Whitley House, Stanford-Crab Orchard Pike, Stanford, Lincoln County, KY

  20. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963 SOUTHEAST VIEW - Abner Cloud House, Intersection of Canal Road & Reservoir Road Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  1. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963 SOUTHWEST VIEW - Abner Cloud House, Intersection of Canal Road & Reservoir Road Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  2. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer. July 31, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer. July 31, 1940 INTERIOR OF CHESTNUT STREET ENTRANCE - Wainwright Building, Seventh & Chestnut Streets, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

  3. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer February 28, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer February 28, 1940 SLAVE HOSPITAL FROM THE SOUTHWEST - Melrose Plantation, Slave Hospital, State Highway 119, Melrose, Natchitoches Parish, LA

  4. Freezing of Lennard-Jones-type fluids

    SciTech Connect

    Khrapak, Sergey A.; Chaudhuri, Manis; Morfill, Gregor E.

    2011-02-07

    We put forward an approximate method to locate the fluid-solid (freezing) phase transition in systems of classical particles interacting via a wide range of Lennard-Jones-type potentials. This method is based on the constancy of the properly normalized second derivative of the interaction potential (freezing indicator) along the freezing curve. As demonstrated recently it yields remarkably good agreement with previous numerical simulation studies of the conventional 12-6 Lennard-Jones (LJ) fluid [S.A.Khrapak, M.Chaudhuri, G.E.Morfill, Phys. Rev. B 134, 052101 (2010)]. In this paper, we test this approach using a wide range of the LJ-type potentials, including LJ n-6 and exp-6 models, and find that it remains sufficiently accurate and reliable in reproducing the corresponding freezing curves, down to the triple-point temperatures. One of the possible application of the method--estimation of the freezing conditions in complex (dusty) plasmas with ''tunable'' interactions--is briefly discussed.

  5. Update: Bob Jones University Loses Its Preferred Status.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Edward F.

    1983-01-01

    The United States Supreme Court upheld an Internal Revenue Service decision to revoke the tax-exempt status and deductibility of donor contributions of Bob Jones University and the Goldsboro, N.C. Christian Schools because of racially discriminatory practices. The decision is discussed and comments by Bob Jones III are presented. (MLW)

  6. Longer term rest from grazing: a response to Jones & Carter

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Jones and Carter (this issue) in a response to Davies et al. (2014) misrepresent the original article and other articles, develop arguments not supported by scientific literature, and ignore literature counter to their opinion. Most peculiar, Jones and Carter incorrectly state that Davies et al. co...

  7. Robert T. Jones, One of a Kind

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vincenti, Walter G.

    2005-01-01

    His contemporaries saw R.T. Jones as one of the notably creative aerodynamicists of the twentieth century. This essay reviews his remarkable life and career, including his years as a farm-country boy, college dropout, and fledgling airplane designer in Missouri, his time as an elevator operator and self-directed student in Washington, D.C., and his long professional career as an aerodynamicist at the Langley and Ames Aeronautical Laboratories and Stanford University. The focus in his career is on his fundamental discovery of the benefits of sweepback for the wings of high-speed airplanes. This includes speculation about his highly intuitive thought processes in arriving at his creative ideas. I also give an account of his work on blood flow and the mechanical heart, his avocational accomplishments as a maker of telescopes and violins, and his philosophical interest in human affairs.

  8. Obituary: Frank Culver Jones, 1932-2007

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ormes, Johnathan F.; Streitmatter, Robert E.

    2007-12-01

    Frank C. Jones, an emeritus theoretical physicist at NASA, died May 2, 2007 at age 74 after a struggle with a rare form of cancer. He died at his home in Silver Spring, Maryland, surrounded by his family. Frank was born July 30, 1932 in Fort Worth, Texas, the oldest of three boys. His parents were Kenneth Hugh and Nancy Culver Jones. Frank's father was a lawyer, and his grandfather was a Methodist minister. Frank graduated from Rice University in 1954 and earned a master's degree in 1955 and a doctorate in 1961, both in physics, from the University of Chicago. He did his graduate work with Prof. John Simpson. Dr. Jones began his professional career as an instructor in physics at Princeton University before joining NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in 1963 as a National Research Council associate. He subsequently became a member of the Theory Division and the Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics. His area of expertise was the origin, transport, and electromagnetic interactions of cosmic rays. His particular focus was the stochastic physics related to the diffusion of particles in random fields, plasma turbulence, and the shock acceleration of charged particles in collisionless plasmas. From 1993 to 1995, Frank was head of Goddard's Theoretical High Energy Astrophysics Office and continued to serve as Head of the Theory group. In 2003 he served as Acting Chief of the Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics. He retired in 2005 and continued his affiliation with NASA as an emeritus scientist at Goddard until his death. As a youngster, Frank showed the signs of curiosity and initiative that indicated he might become an experimentalist. At the memorial service for Frank, his brother related the stories of how Frank had rigged a hidden microphone to play through the family television as his brother courted a young woman on the front porch swing, and how one of Frank's early chemistry experiments caused all the family silverware to turn black. Although Frank started

  9. Obituary: Frank Culver Jones, 1932-2007

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ormes, Johnathan F.; Streitmatter, Robert E.

    2007-12-01

    Frank C. Jones, an emeritus theoretical physicist at NASA, died May 2, 2007 at age 74 after a struggle with a rare form of cancer. He died at his home in Silver Spring, Maryland, surrounded by his family. Frank was born July 30, 1932 in Fort Worth, Texas, the oldest of three boys. His parents were Kenneth Hugh and Nancy Culver Jones. Frank's father was a lawyer, and his grandfather was a Methodist minister. Frank graduated from Rice University in 1954 and earned a master's degree in 1955 and a doctorate in 1961, both in physics, from the University of Chicago. He did his graduate work with Prof. John Simpson. Dr. Jones began his professional career as an instructor in physics at Princeton University before joining NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in 1963 as a National Research Council associate. He subsequently became a member of the Theory Division and the Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics. His area of expertise was the origin, transport, and electromagnetic interactions of cosmic rays. His particular focus was the stochastic physics related to the diffusion of particles in random fields, plasma turbulence, and the shock acceleration of charged particles in collisionless plasmas. From 1993 to 1995, Frank was head of Goddard's Theoretical High Energy Astrophysics Office and continued to serve as Head of the Theory group. In 2003 he served as Acting Chief of the Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics. He retired in 2005 and continued his affiliation with NASA as an emeritus scientist at Goddard until his death. As a youngster, Frank showed the signs of curiosity and initiative that indicated he might become an experimentalist. At the memorial service for Frank, his brother related the stories of how Frank had rigged a hidden microphone to play through the family television as his brother courted a young woman on the front porch swing, and how one of Frank's early chemistry experiments caused all the family silverware to turn black. Although Frank started

  10. 75 FR 20802 - Safety Zone; New York Air Show at Jones Beach State Park, Atlantic Ocean off of Jones Beach...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-21

    ..., Atlantic Ocean off of Jones Beach, Wantagh, NY AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of proposed... an air show which consist of aircraft performing aerobatic maneuvers over the Atlantic Ocean off of... other aircraft over a specified area of the Atlantic Ocean off of Jones Beach State Park. Several...

  11. Transport theory for the Lennard-Jones dense fluid

    SciTech Connect

    Karkheck, J.; Stell, G.; Xu, J.

    1988-11-01

    A kinetic theory for a fluid of particles interacting via a pair potential with hard-core plus truncated tail is described and used to derive a transport theory for the Lennard-Jones fluid as well as the square-well fluid. Numerical results for shear viscosity, thermal conductivity, and the self-diffusion coefficient are given for the Lennard-Jones fluid and compared with simulation and experimental results. Our Lennard-Jones theory proves quantitatively useful over a wide range of states.

  12. Virial coefficients of Lennard-Jones mixtures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schultz, Andrew J.; Kofke, David A.

    2009-06-01

    We report results of calculations of the second through sixth virial coefficients for four prototype Lennard-Jones (LJ) mixtures that have been the subject of previous studies in the literature. Values are reported for temperatures ranging from T =0.6 to T =10.0, where here the temperature is given units of the LJ energy parameter of one of the components. Thermodynamic stability of the mixtures is studied using the virial equation of state (VEOS) with the calculated coefficients, with particular focus on characterizing the vapor-liquid critical behavior of the mixtures. For three of the mixtures, vapor-liquid coexistence and critical data are available for comparison at only one temperature, while for the fourth we can compare to a critical line. We find that the VEOS provides a useful indication of the presence and location of critical behavior, although in some situations we find need to consider "near-miss" critical behavior, where the classical conditions of criticality are nearly but not exactly satisfied.

  13. 14. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963 DOOR DETAIL From Dining Room to Garden - Timothy Caldwell House, 2017 "Eye" Street Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  14. 15. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963 WINDOW DETAIL Rear Main House, First Floor - Timothy Caldwell House, 2017 "Eye" Street Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  15. ISS Update: Status of Space Act Agreement with Brad Jones

    NASA Video Gallery

    NASA Public Affairs Officer Kyle Herring interviews Brad Jones, Deputy Manager, Partner Integration Office – Commercial Crew Program, about the Space Act Agreement. Questions? Ask us on Twitter ...

  16. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer. October 1, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer. October 1, 1940. VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST - Fort de Chartres, Powder Magazine, Fort de Chartres State Park, Prairie du Rocher, Randolph County, IL

  17. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer October 1, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer October 1, 1940. VIEW FROM SOUTHEAST - Fort de Chartres, East Barracks (Foundations), Fort de Chartres State Park, Prairie du Rocher, Randolph County, IL

  18. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer. October 1, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer. October 1, 1940. VIEW FROM NORTHEAST - Fort de Chartres, Commandant's Quarters (Foundations), Fort de Chartres State Park, Prairie du Rocher, Randolph County, IL

  19. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer October 1, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer October 1, 1940. VIEW FROM NORTHWEST - Fort de Chartres, West Barracks (Foundations), Fort de Chartres State Park, Prairie du Rocher, Randolph County, IL

  20. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer. October 1, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer. October 1, 1940. VIEW FROM NORTHEAST - Fort de Chartres, Powder Magazine, Fort de Chartres State Park, Prairie du Rocher, Randolph County, IL

  1. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey, Lester Jones, Photographer. October 1, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey, Lester Jones, Photographer. October 1, 1940. VIEW FROM NORTHWEST - Fort de Chartres, Officers' Quarters (Foundations), Fort de Chartres State Park, Prairie du Rocher, Randolph County, IL

  2. 7. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer May 29, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer May 29, 1940. SUNDIAL With motto: 'Look to your laws rather than progenitors for inheritance.' - Samuel Taylor House, Chatham Pike, Harrodsburg, Mercer County, KY

  3. 12. Historic American Buildings Survey, Stanley Jones, Photographer July 6, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. Historic American Buildings Survey, Stanley Jones, Photographer July 6, 1936, copied from portrait, PORTRAIT OF WILLIAM HENRY 3RD, OWNER OF HENRY GUN FACTORY. - Henry Gun Factory, Belfast, Northampton County, PA

  4. 11. Historic American Buildings Survey, Stanley Jones, Photographer July 6, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Historic American Buildings Survey, Stanley Jones, Photographer July 6, 1936, copied from portrait, PORTRAIT OF WILLIAM HENRY, INVENTOR OF HENRY GUN. - Henry Gun Factory, Belfast, Northampton County, PA

  5. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer March 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer March 1959 FRONT (SOUTH) ELEVATION FROM THE SOUTH EAST. - Justice Horace Gray House, 1601 Eye Street Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  6. 5. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 7, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 7, 1940 WINDOW DETAIL - Colonel William Oliver Anderson House, Civil War Battle of Lexington State Park, Lexington, Lafayette County, MO

  7. 7. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 7, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 7, 1940 STAIRWAY, FIRST FLOOR - Colonel William Oliver Anderson House, Civil War Battle of Lexington State Park, Lexington, Lafayette County, MO

  8. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 7, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 7, 1940 VIEW FROM SOUTH - Colonel William Oliver Anderson House, Civil War Battle of Lexington State Park, Lexington, Lafayette County, MO

  9. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 5, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 5, 1940 PORCH DETAIL - Colonel William Oliver Anderson House, Civil War Battle of Lexington State Park, Lexington, Lafayette County, MO

  10. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 7, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 7, 1940 VIEW FROM NORTHEAST - Colonel William Oliver Anderson House, Civil War Battle of Lexington State Park, Lexington, Lafayette County, MO

  11. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 7, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 7, 1940 SERVANT'S STAIRWAY - Colonel William Oliver Anderson House, Civil War Battle of Lexington State Park, Lexington, Lafayette County, MO

  12. 10. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 7, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 7, 1940 ROSETTE, IN HALL - Colonel William Oliver Anderson House, Civil War Battle of Lexington State Park, Lexington, Lafayette County, MO

  13. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 5, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 5, 1940 VIEW FROM NORTHWEST - Colonel William Oliver Anderson House, Civil War Battle of Lexington State Park, Lexington, Lafayette County, MO

  14. 11. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 7, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 7, 1940 NORTHWEST ROOM, SECOND FLOOR, LOOKING NORTH - Colonel William Oliver Anderson House, Civil War Battle of Lexington State Park, Lexington, Lafayette County, MO

  15. 9. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 7, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 7, 1940 FLOOR DETAIL, HALL - Colonel William Oliver Anderson House, Civil War Battle of Lexington State Park, Lexington, Lafayette County, MO

  16. 8. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 7, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic American Buildings Survey Lester Jones, Photographer July 7, 1940 STAIRWAY, LOOKING UP - Colonel William Oliver Anderson House, Civil War Battle of Lexington State Park, Lexington, Lafayette County, MO

  17. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer February 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer February 1959 COLUMN DETAIL, ENTRY PORCH, 2620 K STREET, N.W. - Peter Houses, 2618-2620 K Street Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  18. Masculinity and the Artist in Wynne-Jones'"The Maestro."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peters, Charlie

    2002-01-01

    Explores how one specific children's book, T. Wynne-Jones'"The Maestro," might be illuminated through a consideration of the ways in which it might be expressing, confirming, and possibly undermining some gender conventions. (SG)

  19. 6. Watchman Robert 'Jerry' Jones at Camp Dyer. Photographer James ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Watchman Robert 'Jerry' Jones at Camp Dyer. Photographer James Dix Schuyler, 1903. Source: Schuyler report. - Waddell Dam, On Agua Fria River, 35 miles northwest of Phoenix, Phoenix, Maricopa County, AZ

  20. HOT METAL BRIDGE (NOTE: BUILDERS: JONES AND LAUGHLIN STEEL CA. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    HOT METAL BRIDGE (NOTE: BUILDERS: JONES AND LAUGHLIN STEEL CA. 1890), SOUTH PORTAL. THREE PIN CONNECTED CAMELBACK TRUSS SPANS, ONE SKEWED THROUGH TRUSS SPAN ON NORTH SIDE TRUSS BRIDGE, EAST OF HOT METAL BRIDGE BUILT BY AMERICAN BRIDGE COMPANY CA. 1910. (RIVETED MULTI-SPAN TRUSS). - Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation, Pittsburgh Works, Morgan Billet Mill Engine, 550 feet north of East Carson Street, opposite South Twenty-seventh Street, Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, PA

  1. 75 FR 59966 - Safety Zone; New York Air Show at Jones Beach State Park, Wantagh, NY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-29

    ... over the Atlantic Ocean off of Jones Beach State Park. DATES: This rule is effective October 29, 2010... Show at Jones Beach State Park, Atlantic Ocean off of Jones Beach, Wantagh, NY, in the Federal Register... aircraft over a specified area of the Atlantic Ocean off of Jones Beach State Park. The safety zone...

  2. NEWS: John Goronwy Jones (1920-1999)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jennison, Brenda M.

    2000-05-01

    John Goronwy Jones Gron Jones, as he was known to all, was a champion of Physics Education and his death, shortly before his eightieth birthday, robbed physics teachers of a colleague who fought many battles on their behalf. He was not shy of taking issue with anyone in authority who might be putting forward policies which would harm his great love: Physics Education and Physics Teaching. His photograph shows a man with an impish grin, looking friend and foe alike straight in the eye, before delivering the death blow to an argument which was founded on less than common sense. At other times he would listen patiently to the woes of colleagues before offering them fatherly/grandfatherly advice so that whoever was on the receiving end would go away feeling better for the encounter. Gron was born in Swansea and educated at Lewis Boys Grammar School in Glamorgan before entering University College Cardiff first of all as a mathematician before graduating in Physics in 1941. After his war service in the RAF, working on signals and radar development, he returned to do an MSc in X-ray crystallography before completing a PGCE in Bristol. What then passed for teacher training in all institutions left him wary of returning to train teachers himself but after 14 years spent teaching physics in three schools he returned to Cardiff and began a 25 year career in teacher training. He and his two colleagues, Clifford Othen (chemistry) and Douglas Hillier (biology) built up the Cardiff Science Centre as a focus for initial and in-service science teacher training in South Wales. The triumvirate was well known and a power to be reckoned with. They created links between the University Science Departments and the Schools. Gron knew the local schools and their physics teachers intimately. Cardiff became a focus for science education both nationally and internationally. He was a frequent attender at both ICPE (International Commission for Physics Education) and GIREP (International Physics

  3. NEWS: John Goronwy Jones (1920-1999)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jennison, Brenda M.

    2000-05-01

    John Goronwy Jones Gron Jones, as he was known to all, was a champion of Physics Education and his death, shortly before his eightieth birthday, robbed physics teachers of a colleague who fought many battles on their behalf. He was not shy of taking issue with anyone in authority who might be putting forward policies which would harm his great love: Physics Education and Physics Teaching. His photograph shows a man with an impish grin, looking friend and foe alike straight in the eye, before delivering the death blow to an argument which was founded on less than common sense. At other times he would listen patiently to the woes of colleagues before offering them fatherly/grandfatherly advice so that whoever was on the receiving end would go away feeling better for the encounter. Gron was born in Swansea and educated at Lewis Boys Grammar School in Glamorgan before entering University College Cardiff first of all as a mathematician before graduating in Physics in 1941. After his war service in the RAF, working on signals and radar development, he returned to do an MSc in X-ray crystallography before completing a PGCE in Bristol. What then passed for teacher training in all institutions left him wary of returning to train teachers himself but after 14 years spent teaching physics in three schools he returned to Cardiff and began a 25 year career in teacher training. He and his two colleagues, Clifford Othen (chemistry) and Douglas Hillier (biology) built up the Cardiff Science Centre as a focus for initial and in-service science teacher training in South Wales. The triumvirate was well known and a power to be reckoned with. They created links between the University Science Departments and the Schools. Gron knew the local schools and their physics teachers intimately. Cardiff became a focus for science education both nationally and internationally. He was a frequent attender at both ICPE (International Commission for Physics Education) and GIREP (International Physics

  4. The Lester-Jones tube and scuba diving.

    PubMed

    Mani, Navin; de Carpentier, John

    2009-01-01

    Insertion of a Lester-Jones tube remains the standard treatment for epiphora secondary to canalicular obstruction. We report on a patient requiring removal of his correctly working Lester-Jones tube to allow him to continue his hobby of scuba diving. This particular complication of the Lester-Jones tube has never previously been reported in the literature. Patients with Lester-Jones tubes are unable to perform the valsalva manoeuvre. The valsalva manoeuvre involves blowing the nose against occluded nostrils resulting in a raised pressure in the nose and post-nasal space which is transmitted via the eustachian tubes to the middle ear. The ability to perform a successful valsalva manoeuvre is a prerequisite of scuba diving to equalise middle ear pressure. Inability to equalise middle ear pressure can lead to barotrauma, including pain, rupture of the tympanic membrane and labyrinthine fistula. We recommend that when planning the insertion of a Lester-Jones tube it is wise to enquire whether the patient undertakes scuba diving. If the patient prefers to scuba dive raher than have control of their epiphora, the surgery should be deferred until the patient gives up diving.

  5. Flight into sanity. Jones's allegation of Ferenczi's mental deterioration reconsidered.

    PubMed

    Bonomi, C

    1999-06-01

    In 'The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud', Volume III, Ernest Jones explained Ferenczi's final contributions as the product of a mental deterioration based on a progressive psychosis. Erich Fromm collected various testimonies by witnesses of Ferenczi's last years, all contrasting with Jones's assertions, and challenged Jones's manner of writing history. However, since Fromm was himself a dissident, and his witnesses were pupils, relatives or friends of Ferenczi's, they were discarded as 'partisans'. The present study aims at reconsidering the question of Ferenczi's insanity on the basis of many unpublished documents. The consulted documents do not support Jones's allegation of Ferenczi's insanity. At the same time, they show that Jones's allegation was not a one-man fabrication, but reflected a shared belief, eliciting many questions about the nature of this belief, the lack of scrutiny that characterised its spreading, and its possible function within the psychoanalytic community. It is suggested that Ferenczi's personality and teaching, especially his emphasis on the need to accept the patient's criticism, contrasted with the dominant conception of psychoanalysis, based on the analyst's infallibility.

  6. Dr. Howard Jones, Jr. (1910-2015): In Memoriam

    PubMed Central

    Oehninger, S.; Kruger, T.F.

    2015-01-01

    We honor the life of Howard W. Jones, Jr., MD, 104, a pioneer and visionary in reproductive medicine, a dedicated mentor, internationally renowned gynecological surgeon, and the father of in vitro fertilization IVF) in the United States. Dr. Jones founded the Jones Institute for Reproductive Medicine, in Norfolk, Virginia, at Eastern Virginia Medical School, in 1983. Today, IVF has grown exponentially not only in its direct application but also in the development of newer techniques would have been unimaginable a couple of decades ago. Throughout the years Dr. Howard has been a teacher and a mentor to many around the world. To us he also was a friend, a supporter at the time of difficult decisions, someone who would inspire hope, ignite the imagination, and instill a love of learning and untangling some of the complexities of the field, even of the human condition. His leadership, vision, knowledge, enthusiasm and inquisitive mind will be missed.

  7. Nuclear-magnetic-resonance quantum calculations of the Jones polynomial

    SciTech Connect

    Marx, Raimund; Spoerl, Andreas; Pomplun, Nikolas; Schulte-Herbrueggen, Thomas; Glaser, Steffen J.; Fahmy, Amr; Kauffman, Louis; Lomonaco, Samuel; Myers, John M.

    2010-03-15

    The repertoire of problems theoretically solvable by a quantum computer recently expanded to include the approximate evaluation of knot invariants, specifically the Jones polynomial. The experimental implementation of this evaluation, however, involves many known experimental challenges. Here we present experimental results for a small-scale approximate evaluation of the Jones polynomial by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR); in addition, we show how to escape from the limitations of NMR approaches that employ pseudopure states. Specifically, we use two spin-1/2 nuclei of natural abundance chloroform and apply a sequence of unitary transforms representing the trefoil knot, the figure-eight knot, and the Borromean rings. After measuring the nuclear spin state of the molecule in each case, we are able to estimate the value of the Jones polynomial for each of the knots.

  8. Jones birefringence in twisted single-mode optical fibers.

    PubMed

    Tentori, Diana; Garcia-Weidner, A

    2013-12-30

    In this work we analyze the birefringence matrix developed for a twisted fiber in order to identify the basic optical effects that define its birefringence. The study was performed using differential Jones calculus. The resultant differential matrix showed three independent types of birefringence: circular, linear at 0 degrees and linear at 45 degrees (Jones birefringence). We applied this birefringence matrix to the description of the output state of polarization measured for three commercial fibers that due to its higher rigidity present stronger birefringence changes when twisted. The torsion applied to the erbium-doped fiber samples varied from 0 to 1440 degrees. PMID:24514769

  9. Edward Burne-Jones' Heavenly Conception: A Biblical Cosmos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheney, L. D. G.

    2016-01-01

    Edward Burne-Jones was a Pre-Raphaelite artist and designer, who collaborated with William Morris on many decorative arts (stained glass windows, book illustrations, ceramic and tapestry designs). He was a founding partner in the firm Morris, Marshall, Faulkner & Company. Burne-Jones composed The Days of Creation between 1870 and 1876 for the Morris firm. These paintings were executed in gouache and gold paint, and cartoons were made for tile and in stained glass, for the Church of St. Editha at Tamworth in Staffordshire. Burne-Jones' creation was highly praised and elegantly described by Oscar Wilde: “The picture is divided into six compartments, each representing a day in the Creation of the World, under the symbol of an angel holding a crystal globe, within which is shown the work of a day.” This paper will examine how Burne-Jones visualized an unusual celestial creation where angels holding magical spheres unveil the divine manifestation for the creation of a terrestrial realm. He created a cosmic utopia of the natural world.

  10. 13. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (EAST) ELEVATION. 1105 (LEFT) 1103 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  11. Technical considerations for surgical intervention of Jones fractures.

    PubMed

    Mendicino, Robert W; Hentges, Matthew J; Mendicino, Michael R; Catanzariti, Alan R

    2013-01-01

    Jones fractures are a common injury treated by foot and ankle surgeons. Surgical intervention is recommended because of the high rate of delayed union, nonunion, and repeat fracture, when treated conservatively. Percutaneous intramedullary screw fixation is commonly used in the treatment of these fractures. We present techniques that can increase the surgical efficiency and decrease the complications associated with percutaneous delivery of internal fixation.

  12. 9. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (WEST) ELEVATION FROM THE N.W. - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  13. 10. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 REAR(EAST) & LEFT ELEVATIONS FROM THE N. E. - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  14. 16. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (WEST) ELEVATION (132 ON THE LEFT) - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  15. 15. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 REAR (EAST) AND LEFT (NORTH) ELEVATIONS - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  16. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 EAST END OF GROUP FROM THE NORTH - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  17. 19. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 WINDOW DETAIL - 132 - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  18. 11. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 GENERAL VIEW FROM THE EAST. 1016 and 1018. - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  19. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (EAST) ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  20. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (SOUTH) ELEVATION. 600 (LEFT) 602 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, 600-602 & 1100 G Street (House), 1002,1006 Eye Street (House), 808-810,812-814, & 1016 K Street (House), 817-819 L Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  1. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 DETAIL - ONE UNIT OF GROUP - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  2. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (WEST) ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  3. 14. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (WEST) ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  4. 22. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    22. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (EAST) ELEVATION FROM THE S. E. - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  5. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ENTRY - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  6. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 REAR (NORTH) ELEVATION FROM THE N. W. - Southeast Area Survey, 600-602 & 1100 G Street (House), 1002,1006 Eye Street (House), 808-810,812-814, & 1016 K Street (House), 817-819 L Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  7. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (EAST) ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  8. 7. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT ELEVATION - 122 (LEFT) 124 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  9. 5. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 WEST END OF GROUP FROM THE NORTH - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  10. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (WEST) ELEVATION (316 AT THE LEFT) - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  11. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 WEST CENTER SECTION OF GROUP FROM THE NORTH - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  12. 5. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (SOUTH) ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, 600-602 & 1100 G Street (House), 1002,1006 Eye Street (House), 808-810,812-814, & 1016 K Street (House), 817-819 L Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  13. 5. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (EAST) ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  14. 11. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (7th STREET) ELEVATION FRON THE SOUTH EAST - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  15. 21. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    21. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 REAR (EAST) ELEVATION FROM THE N. E. - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  16. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (SOUTH) ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, 600-602 & 1100 G Street (House), 1002,1006 Eye Street (House), 808-810,812-814, & 1016 K Street (House), 817-819 L Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  17. 10. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 GENERAL VIEW FROM THE SOUTH - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  18. 8. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 DETAIL - 124 - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  19. 18. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ENTRANCE, 132 (LEFT) 134 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  20. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (SOUTH) ELEVATION 808 (LEFT) 810 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, 600-602 & 1100 G Street (House), 1002,1006 Eye Street (House), 808-810,812-814, & 1016 K Street (House), 817-819 L Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  1. 9. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 GENERAL VIEW FROM THE EAST - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  2. 10. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (NORTH) ELEVATION. 819 (LEFT) 817 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, 600-602 & 1100 G Street (House), 1002,1006 Eye Street (House), 808-810,812-814, & 1016 K Street (House), 817-819 L Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  3. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 EAST CENTER SECTION OF GROUP FROM THE NORTH - Southeast Area Survey, 101 & 122-124 Carroll Street (House), 1008 Potomac Street (House), Canal Street at Independence Avenue (Row House), 1016-1018 Potomac Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  4. 20. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (WEST) ELEVATION FROM THE N. W. - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  5. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (WEST) ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  6. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (NORTH) ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, 600-602 & 1100 G Street (House), 1002,1006 Eye Street (House), 808-810,812-814, & 1016 K Street (House), 817-819 L Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  7. 8. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ENTRANCE, 318 - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  8. 17. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 UNIT AT 132 - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  9. 12. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ENTRANCE DETAIL - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  10. 7. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ENTRANCE, 316 - Southeast Area Survey, Sixth & G Streets (Synagogue), 132-144 & 900-905 Eleventh Street (Row Houses), 215 Second Street (House), Seventh & G Streets (School), 214 First Street (House), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  11. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ENTRY, #324 - Southeast Area Survey, 330 & 706-708 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 306-308,324-326 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 156-158 North Carolina Avenue (Houses), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  12. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer March 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer March 1959 SOUTH ELEVATION FROM THE SOUTH EAST - Southeast Area Survey, 330 & 706-708 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 306-308,324-326 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 156-158 North Carolina Avenue (Houses), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  13. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (SOUTH) ELEVATION. 324 (LEFT) 326 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, 330 & 706-708 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 306-308,324-326 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 156-158 North Carolina Avenue (Houses), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  14. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT ELEVATION, 156 (LEFT) 158 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, 330 & 706-708 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 306-308,324-326 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 156-158 North Carolina Avenue (Houses), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  15. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT ELEVATION. 306 (LEFT), 308 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, 330 & 706-708 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 306-308,324-326 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 156-158 North Carolina Avenue (Houses), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  16. 8. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer March 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer March 1959 DETAIL - 2nd AND 3rd FLOOR WINDOWS, SOUTH ELEVATION - Southeast Area Survey, 330 & 706-708 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 306-308,324-326 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 156-158 North Carolina Avenue (Houses), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  17. 5. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer March 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer March 1959 DETAIL - PLAQUE - Southeast Area Survey, 330 & 706-708 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 306-308,324-326 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 156-158 North Carolina Avenue (Houses), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  18. 7. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 EAST ELEVATION FROM THE N. E. - Southeast Area Survey, 330 & 706-708 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 306-308,324-326 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 156-158 North Carolina Avenue (Houses), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  19. 9. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer April 1959 FRONT (SOUTH) ELEVATION FROM THE SOUTH EAST 706 (LEFT) 708 (RIGHT) - Southeast Area Survey, 330 & 706-708 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 306-308,324-326 Virginia Avenue (Houses), 156-158 North Carolina Avenue (Houses), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  20. 'Jones Hybrid' hickory: A case study in Carya curation

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    'Jones Hybrid' hickory is an accession in the National Collection of Genetic Resources for Pecans and Hickories that was inherited with little information concerning its origination, its identity or its characteristics. It has been phenotypically and genetically profiled and is described here. Tha...

  1. AERIAL VIEW, LOOKING NORTHWEST TOWARDS JONES VALLEY FROM THE CREST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    AERIAL VIEW, LOOKING NORTHWEST TOWARDS JONES VALLEY FROM THE CREST OF RED (CALLED RUFFNER) MOUNTAIN AND THE CITY OF BIRMINGHAM (TOP), WITH ABANDONED SLOSS CO. LIMESTONE QUARRIES (CENTER) AND RIGHT-OF-WAY OF THE L. & N. BIRMINGHAM MINERAL RAILROAD (LEFT CENTER TO BOTTOM RIGHT). - Ruffner Red Ore Mine, North of I-20 at Madrid Exit, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

  2. Birefringence of Cellotape: Jones Representation and Experimental Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belendez, Augusto; Fernandez, Elena; Frances, Jorge; Neipp, Cristian

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we analyse a simple experiment to study the effects of polarized light. A simple optical system composed of a polarizer, a retarder (cellotape) and an analyser is used to study the effect on the polarization state of the light which impinges on the setup. The optical system is characterized by means of a Jones matrix, and a simple…

  3. Contextual view of Fyffe Avenue between Jones and Boone Drives. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Contextual view of Fyffe Avenue between Jones and Boone Drives. ASA office (U.S. Border Control Environmental Office Building no. 317) is shown at center. Camera facing east. - Naval Supply Annex Stockton, Rough & Ready Island, Stockton, San Joaquin County, CA

  4. DREDGED MATERIAL RECLAMATION AT THE JONES ISLAND CONFINED DISPOSAL FACILITY SITE CAPSULE

    EPA Science Inventory

    In this SITE demonstration, phytoremediation technology was applied to contaminated dredged materials from the Jones Island Confined Disposal Facility (CDF) located in Milwaukee Harbor, Wisconsin. The Jones Island CDF receives dredged materials from normal maintenance of Milwauke...

  5. DREDGED MATERIAL RECLAMATION AT THE JONES ISLAND CONFINED DISPOSAL FACILITY - ITER

    EPA Science Inventory

    In this SITE demonstration, phytoremediation technology was applied to contaminated dredged materials from the Jones Island Confined Disposal Facility (CDF) located in Milwaukee Harbor, Wisconsin. The Jones Island CDF receives dredged materials from normal maintenance of Milwauke...

  6. 21 CFR 866.5150 - Bence-Jones proteins immunological test system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... the Bence-Jones proteins in urine and plasma. Immunoglobulin molecules normally consist of pairs of... disulfide bridges. In some cancerous conditions, there is a proliferation of one plasma cell (antibody... plasma, and have been called Bence-Jones proteins. Measurement of Bence-Jones proteins and...

  7. 21 CFR 866.5150 - Bence-Jones proteins immunological test system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... the Bence-Jones proteins in urine and plasma. Immunoglobulin molecules normally consist of pairs of... disulfide bridges. In some cancerous conditions, there is a proliferation of one plasma cell (antibody... plasma, and have been called Bence-Jones proteins. Measurement of Bence-Jones proteins and...

  8. 21 CFR 866.5150 - Bence-Jones proteins immunological test system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... the Bence-Jones proteins in urine and plasma. Immunoglobulin molecules normally consist of pairs of... disulfide bridges. In some cancerous conditions, there is a proliferation of one plasma cell (antibody... plasma, and have been called Bence-Jones proteins. Measurement of Bence-Jones proteins and...

  9. 21 CFR 866.5150 - Bence-Jones proteins immunological test system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... the Bence-Jones proteins in urine and plasma. Immunoglobulin molecules normally consist of pairs of... disulfide bridges. In some cancerous conditions, there is a proliferation of one plasma cell (antibody... plasma, and have been called Bence-Jones proteins. Measurement of Bence-Jones proteins and...

  10. 21 CFR 866.5150 - Bence-Jones proteins immunological test system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... the Bence-Jones proteins in urine and plasma. Immunoglobulin molecules normally consist of pairs of... disulfide bridges. In some cancerous conditions, there is a proliferation of one plasma cell (antibody... plasma, and have been called Bence-Jones proteins. Measurement of Bence-Jones proteins and...

  11. Second virial coefficient of a generalized Lennard-Jones potential.

    PubMed

    González-Calderón, Alfredo; Rocha-Ichante, Adrián

    2015-01-21

    We present an exact analytical solution for the second virial coefficient of a generalized Lennard-Jones type of pair potential model. The potential can be reduced to the Lennard-Jones, hard-sphere, and sticky hard-sphere models by tuning the potential parameters corresponding to the width and depth of the well. Thus, the second virial solution can also regain the aforementioned cases. Moreover, the obtained expression strongly resembles the one corresponding to the Kihara potential. In fact, the Fk functions are the same. Furthermore, for these functions, the complete expansions at low and high temperature are given. Additionally, we propose an alternative stickiness parameter based on the obtained second virial coefficient.

  12. C. Rick Jones Is IRPA Keynote Lecturer on Stakeholder Engagement

    SciTech Connect

    Strom, Daniel J.

    2008-12-03

    At the recent IRPA 12 Conference in Buenos Aires, Argentina, C. Rick Jones gave the keynote lecture “Stakeholder Engagement in Practice - Now Is the Time to Act!” This was one of the very best talks at the conference, covering IRPA’s draft “Guiding Principles for Radiation Protection Professionals on Stakeholder Engagement” (http://www.irpa.net/images/stories/irpa12/ irpa12%2008-02-1_guiding%20principles(rev).doc).

  13. A Viola-Jones based hybrid face detection framework

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murphy, Thomas M.; Broussard, Randy; Schultz, Robert; Rakvic, Ryan; Ngo, Hau

    2013-12-01

    Improvements in face detection performance would benefit many applications. The OpenCV library implements a standard solution, the Viola-Jones detector, with a statistically boosted rejection cascade of binary classifiers. Empirical evidence has shown that Viola-Jones underdetects in some instances. This research shows that a truncated cascade augmented by a neural network could recover these undetected faces. A hybrid framework is constructed, with a truncated Viola-Jones cascade followed by an artificial neural network, used to refine the face decision. Optimally, a truncation stage that captured all faces and allowed the neural network to remove the false alarms is selected. A feedforward backpropagation network with one hidden layer is trained to discriminate faces based upon the thresholding (detection) values of intermediate stages of the full rejection cascade. A clustering algorithm is used as a precursor to the neural network, to group significant overlappings. Evaluated on the CMU/VASC Image Database, comparison with an unmodified OpenCV approach shows: (1) a 37% increase in detection rates if constrained by the requirement of no increase in false alarms, (2) a 48% increase in detection rates if some additional false alarms are tolerated, and (3) an 82% reduction in false alarms with no reduction in detection rates. These results demonstrate improved face detection and could address the need for such improvement in various applications.

  14. Generalized Jones matrix method for homogeneous biaxial samples.

    PubMed

    Ortega-Quijano, Noé; Fade, Julien; Alouini, Mehdi

    2015-08-10

    The generalized Jones matrix (GJM) is a recently introduced tool to describe linear transformations of three-dimensional light fields. Based on this framework, a specific method for obtaining the GJM of uniaxial anisotropic media was recently presented. However, the GJM of biaxial media had not been tackled so far, as the previous method made use of a simplified rotation matrix that lacks a degree of freedom in the three-dimensional rotation, thus being not suitable for calculating the GJM of biaxial media. In this work we propose a general method to derive the GJM of arbitrarily-oriented homogeneous biaxial media. It is based on the differential generalized Jones matrix (dGJM), which is the three-dimensional counterpart of the conventional differential Jones matrix. We show that the dGJM provides a simple and elegant way to describe uniaxial and biaxial media, with the capacity to model multiple simultaneous optical effects. The practical usefulness of this method is illustrated by the GJM modeling of the polarimetric properties of a negative uniaxial KDP crystal and a biaxial KTP crystal for any three-dimensional sample orientation. The results show that this method constitutes an advantageous and straightforward way to model biaxial media, which show a growing relevance for many interesting applications.

  15. 77 FR 17530 - Order Granting an Application of Edward Jones & Co. LLP Exemption From Exchange Act Section 11(d...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-26

    ... COMMISSION Order Granting an Application of Edward Jones & Co. LLP Exemption From Exchange Act Section 11(d... for Edward Jones & Co., L.P. (``Edward Jones'') requested that the Securities and Exchange Commission (``Commission'') issue to Edward Jones an exemption from Section 11(d)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of...

  16. Four crystal forms of a Bence-Jones protein

    SciTech Connect

    Makino, Debora L.; Henschen-Edman, Agnes H.; McPherson, Alexander

    2005-01-01

    Four crystal forms have been grown and characterized by X-ray diffraction of a Bence-Jones protein collected from the urine of a multiple myeloma patient more than 40 y ago. The trigonal crystal form may shed some light on the formation of fibrils common to certain storage diseases. Four crystal forms have been grown and characterized by X-ray diffraction of a Bence-Jones protein collected from the urine of a multiple myeloma patient more than 40 years ago. Closely related tetragonal and orthorhombic forms belonging to space groups P4{sub 3}2{sub 1}2 and P2{sub 1}2{sub 1}2{sub 1}, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 68.7, c = 182.1 and a = 67.7, b = 69.4, c = 87.3 Å, diffract to 1.5 and 1.9 Å, respectively. Two closely related trigonal forms, both belonging to space group P3{sub 1}21 with unit-cell parameters a = b = 154.3 Å but differing by a doubling of the c axis, one 46.9 Å and the other 94.0 Å, diffract to 2.9 and 2.6 Å resolution, respectively. The trigonal crystal of short c-axis length shows a positive indication of twinning. The trigonal crystal of longer c axis, which appeared only after eight months of incubation at room temperature, is likely to be composed of proteolytically degraded molecules and unlike the other crystal forms contains two entire Bence-Jones dimers in the asymmetric unit. This latter crystal form may shed some light on the formation of fibrils common to certain storage diseases.

  17. Iridoids and sesquiterpenoids from the roots of Valeriana jatamansi Jones.

    PubMed

    Dong, Fa-Wu; Liu Yang; Wu, Zhi-Kun; Wei-Gao; Zi, Chen-Ting; Dan Yang; Luo, Huai-Rong; Jun Zhou; Hu, Jiang-Miao

    2015-04-01

    Three new iridoids, jatamanvaltrates R-S (1-2) and jatamanin Q (3), as well as three new sesquiterpenoids, valeriananoids D-E (4, 5) and clovane-2β-isovaleroxy-9α-ol (6), together with nine known compounds were isolated from the roots of Valeriana jatamansi Jones. Compound 2 was the first reported iridoid with fatty acid esters in the Valerianaceae family. The structures of new compounds were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis. Moreover, all the isolates were evaluated for inhibitory activity on acetylcholinesterase (AChE).

  18. Iridoids and sesquiterpenoids from the roots of Valeriana jatamansi Jones.

    PubMed

    Dong, Fa-Wu; Liu Yang; Wu, Zhi-Kun; Wei-Gao; Zi, Chen-Ting; Dan Yang; Luo, Huai-Rong; Jun Zhou; Hu, Jiang-Miao

    2015-04-01

    Three new iridoids, jatamanvaltrates R-S (1-2) and jatamanin Q (3), as well as three new sesquiterpenoids, valeriananoids D-E (4, 5) and clovane-2β-isovaleroxy-9α-ol (6), together with nine known compounds were isolated from the roots of Valeriana jatamansi Jones. Compound 2 was the first reported iridoid with fatty acid esters in the Valerianaceae family. The structures of new compounds were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis. Moreover, all the isolates were evaluated for inhibitory activity on acetylcholinesterase (AChE). PMID:25665939

  19. Structure diagram of binary Lennard-Jones clusters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mravlak, Marko; Kister, Thomas; Kraus, Tobias; Schilling, Tanja

    2016-07-01

    We analyze the structure diagram for binary clusters of Lennard-Jones particles by means of a global optimization approach for a large range of cluster sizes, compositions, and interaction energies and present a publicly accessible database of 180 000 minimal energy structures (http://softmattertheory.lu/clusters.html). We identify a variety of structures such as core-shell clusters, Janus clusters, and clusters in which the minority species is located at the vertices of icosahedra. Such clusters can be synthesized from nanoparticles in agglomeration experiments and used as building blocks in colloidal molecules or crystals. We discuss the factors that determine the formation of clusters with specific structures.

  20. Advanced Jones calculus for the classification of periodic metamaterials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Menzel, Christoph; Rockstuhl, Carsten; Lederer, Falk

    2010-11-01

    By relying on an advanced Jones calculus, we analyze the polarization properties of light upon propagation through metamaterial slabs in a comprehensive manner. Based on symmetry considerations, we show that all periodic metamaterials may be divided into five different classes only. It is shown that each class differently affects the polarization of the transmitted light and sustains different eigenmodes. We show how to deduce these five classes from symmetry considerations and provide a simple algorithm that can be applied to decide to which class a given metamaterial belongs by measuring only the transmitted intensities.

  1. Lennard-Jones and lattice models of driven fluids.

    PubMed

    Díez-Minguito, M; Garrido, P L; Marro, J

    2005-08-01

    We introduce a nonequilibrium off-lattice model for anisotropic phenomena in fluids. This is a Lennard-Jones generalization of the driven lattice-gas model in which the particles' spatial coordinates vary continuously. A comparison between the two models allows us to discuss some exceptional, hardly realistic features of the original discrete system--which has been considered a prototype for nonequilibrium anisotropic phase transitions. We thus help to clarify open issues, and discuss on the implications of our observations for future investigation of anisotropic phase transitions.

  2. Structure diagram of binary Lennard-Jones clusters.

    PubMed

    Mravlak, Marko; Kister, Thomas; Kraus, Tobias; Schilling, Tanja

    2016-07-14

    We analyze the structure diagram for binary clusters of Lennard-Jones particles by means of a global optimization approach for a large range of cluster sizes, compositions, and interaction energies and present a publicly accessible database of 180 000 minimal energy structures (http://softmattertheory.lu/clusters.html). We identify a variety of structures such as core-shell clusters, Janus clusters, and clusters in which the minority species is located at the vertices of icosahedra. Such clusters can be synthesized from nanoparticles in agglomeration experiments and used as building blocks in colloidal molecules or crystals. We discuss the factors that determine the formation of clusters with specific structures. PMID:27421400

  3. Advanced Jones calculus for the classification of periodic metamaterials

    SciTech Connect

    Menzel, Christoph; Rockstuhl, Carsten; Lederer, Falk

    2010-11-15

    By relying on an advanced Jones calculus, we analyze the polarization properties of light upon propagation through metamaterial slabs in a comprehensive manner. Based on symmetry considerations, we show that all periodic metamaterials may be divided into five different classes only. It is shown that each class differently affects the polarization of the transmitted light and sustains different eigenmodes. We show how to deduce these five classes from symmetry considerations and provide a simple algorithm that can be applied to decide to which class a given metamaterial belongs by measuring only the transmitted intensities.

  4. Multidimensional minimal spanning tree: The Dow Jones case

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brida, Juan Gabriel; Risso, Wiston Adrián

    2008-09-01

    This paper introduces a new methodology in order to construct Minimal Spanning Trees (MST) and Hierarchical Trees (HT) using the information provided by more than one variable. In fact, the Symbolic Time Series Analysis (STSA) approach is applied to the Dow Jones companies using information not only from asset returns but also for trading volume. The US stock market structure is obtained, showing eight clusters of companies and General Electric as a central node in the tree. We use different partitions showing that the results do not depend on the particular partition. In addition, we apply Monte Carlo simulations suggesting that the tree is not the result of random connections.

  5. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963NORTHWEST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey Russell Jones, Photographer June 1963NORTHWEST VIEW - Abner Cloud House, Intersection of Canal Road & Reservoir Road Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  6. Outpatient percutaneous screw fixation of the acute Jones fracture.

    PubMed

    Mindrebo, N; Shelbourne, K D; Van Meter, C D; Rettig, A C

    1993-01-01

    Nine patients (8 men and 1 woman, ranging in age from 17 to 22 years) who sustained a Jones fracture were treated with percutaneous intramedullary screw fixation as outpatients. All of the patients were varsity athletes. Seven were Division I scholarship athletes. Beginning at 7 to 10 days after surgery, all patients were allowed weightbearing as tolerated with a CAM walker. Stationary bicycling, swimming, and Stairmaster were allowed at 2 to 3 weeks. The average return to running was 5.5 weeks (range, 3 to 10). The average return to full competition was 8.5 weeks (range, 7 to 12). No perioperative or postoperative complications occurred. Average followup was 2.5 years. All fractures attained clinical and radiographic union. We believe that outpatient percutaneous intramedullary screw fixation of the acute Jones fracture is a reasonable alternative for those active patients who would have difficulty with a non-weightbearing cast and crutches or who desire an expeditious return to activities. Time restraints are particularly critical for in-season or preseason athletes. With the outpatient screw fixation method, our patient population had predictable healing, and they returned to full sports participation within 12 weeks.

  7. Dow Jones Fund Opens Journalism Programs to White Students after Lawsuit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scmidt, Peter

    2007-01-01

    This paper discusses a Lawsuit filed against Dow Jones Newspaper Fund and the legal settlement between the defendant and the plaintiff. The fund, a nonprofit organization affiliated with Dow Jones & Company had been operating more than 20 programs for minority high-school students to pursue careers in newspaper journalism. The organization agreed…

  8. Essential Characteristics of an Highly Resilient Judge: A Case Study of the Honorable Richard Jones

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ericksen, Charles Aaron

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore judicial resiliency through the personal experiences and perspectives of an experienced trial court judge, the Honorable Richard Jones. This exploratory case study examined the coping skills, traits, and attributes exhibited by Judge Jones over his career and in particular through the experience of…

  9. Stereotype Threat Paradigm in Search of a Phenomenon: A Comment on Kellow and Jones's (2008) Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whaley, Arthur L.

    2009-01-01

    In a recent study, Kellow and Jones apply the stereotype threat paradigm to a sample of African American students attending an urban high school. The purpose of this commentary is to provide a conceptual and methodological critique of Kellow and Jones's study. Implications for the role of Black psychologists in evaluating research on African…

  10. Density Functional Theory of Crystal Growth: Lennard-Jones Fluids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, Yu Chen; Oxtoby, David

    1996-03-01

    We employ an extension of density functional theory to the dynamics of phase transitions in order to study the velocities of crystal growth and melting at planar undercooled and superheated crystal-melt interfaces. The free energy functional we use has a square-gradient form, with the parameters for a Lennard-Jones interaction potential determined by a modified weighted density approximation (MWDA) applied locally through the liquid-solid interface. We explore the role of the density change on freezing in crystal and melt growth, and discover a significant asymmetry between freezing and melting both close to and far from the equilibrium freezing point. The behavior of the superheated solid is governed by the close proximity of a spinodal, whereas in the undercooled liquid there is no evidence for a spinodal and the growth at large undercoolings is affected instead by the density deficit that appears in front of the growing interface.

  11. Corresponding states law for a generalized Lennard-Jones potential.

    PubMed

    Orea, P; Romero-Martínez, A; Basurto, E; Vargas, C A; Odriozola, G

    2015-07-14

    It was recently shown that vapor-liquid coexistence densities derived from Mie and Yukawa models collapse to define a single master curve when represented against the difference between the reduced second virial coefficient at the corresponding temperature and that at the critical point. In this work, we further test this proposal for another generalization of the Lennard-Jones pair potential. This is carried out for vapor-liquid coexistence densities, surface tension, and vapor pressure, along a temperature window set below the critical point. For this purpose, we perform molecular dynamics simulations by varying the potential softness parameter to produce from very short to intermediate attractive ranges. We observed all properties to collapse and yield master curves. Moreover, the vapor-liquid curve is found to share the exact shape of the Mie and attractive Yukawa. Furthermore, the surface tension and the logarithm of the vapor pressure are linear functions of this difference of reduced second virial coefficients. PMID:26178115

  12. The Double Jones Birefringence in Magneto-electric Medium

    PubMed Central

    Mahmood, Waqas; Zhao, Qing

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, the Maxwell’s equations for a tensorial magneto-electric (ME) medium are solved, which is an extension to the work on the uniaxial anisotropic nonmagnetic medium. The coefficients of the dielectric permittivity, magnetic permeability, and of the magneto-electric effect are considered as tensors. The polarization is shown lying in the plane of two perpendicular independent vectors, and the relationship for the transverse polarization is given. The propagation of an electromagnetic wave through a ME medium gives rise to double Jones birefringence. Besides, the condition for an independent phenomenon of D’yakonov surface wave in a magneto-isotropic but with magneto-electric medium is given, which is measurable experimentally when the incident angle is . Lastly, it is shown that the parameter for the magneto-electric effect plays a role in the damping of the wave. PMID:26354609

  13. Sir Robert Jones: orthopaedic surgeon and war hero.

    PubMed

    Di Matteo, Berardo; Tarabella, Vittorio; Filardo, Giuseppe; Tomba, Patrizia; Viganò, Anna; Kon, Elizaveta; Marcacci, Maurilio

    2015-05-01

    The First World War was a very harsh conflict and statistics recorded a great number of victims, both soldiers and civilians. One hundred years later, the whole world is commemorating the Great War by celebrating people and events that contributed to shaping the XX century. Beyond remembering political figures, war heroes or even famous battles, it is also important to underline the contribution of those who devoted their efforts to improve the living conditions during war campaigns. This is the case of Sir Robert Jones, one of the fathers of XX century orthopaedics, who contributed to re-organize the military medical assistance during war times and whose teachings, coming directly from his "on the field" experience, inspired an entire generation of European surgeons.

  14. Metastable Lennard-Jones fluids. III. Bulk viscosity.

    PubMed

    Baidakov, Vladimir G; Protsenko, Sergey P

    2014-09-21

    The method of equilibrium molecular-dynamics simulation in combination with the Green-Kubo formula has been used to calculate the bulk viscosity of a Lennard-Jones fluid. Calculations have been made at temperatures 0.4 ≤ k(B)T/ɛ ≤ 2.0 and densities 0.0075 ≤ ρσ(3) ≤ 1.2 at 116 stable and 106 metastable states of liquid and gas. The depth of penetration into the region of metastable states was limited by spontaneous nucleation. In the region of stable states the data obtained are compared with the results of previous investigations. It has been established that the system transition across the lines of liquid-gas and liquid-crystal phase equilibrium and penetration into the metastable regions of liquid and gas are connected with increasing bulk viscosity. The behavior of bulk viscosity close to the spinodal of a superheated liquid and supersaturated vapor is discussed. PMID:25240360

  15. Corresponding states law for a generalized Lennard-Jones potential.

    PubMed

    Orea, P; Romero-Martínez, A; Basurto, E; Vargas, C A; Odriozola, G

    2015-07-14

    It was recently shown that vapor-liquid coexistence densities derived from Mie and Yukawa models collapse to define a single master curve when represented against the difference between the reduced second virial coefficient at the corresponding temperature and that at the critical point. In this work, we further test this proposal for another generalization of the Lennard-Jones pair potential. This is carried out for vapor-liquid coexistence densities, surface tension, and vapor pressure, along a temperature window set below the critical point. For this purpose, we perform molecular dynamics simulations by varying the potential softness parameter to produce from very short to intermediate attractive ranges. We observed all properties to collapse and yield master curves. Moreover, the vapor-liquid curve is found to share the exact shape of the Mie and attractive Yukawa. Furthermore, the surface tension and the logarithm of the vapor pressure are linear functions of this difference of reduced second virial coefficients.

  16. Phase behavior of the 38-atom Lennard-Jones cluster

    SciTech Connect

    Sehgal, Ray M.; Maroudas, Dimitrios E-mail: ford@ecs.umass.edu; Ford, David M. E-mail: ford@ecs.umass.edu

    2014-03-14

    We have developed a coarse-grained description of the phase behavior of the isolated 38-atom Lennard-Jones cluster (LJ{sub 38}). The model captures both the solid-solid polymorphic transitions at low temperatures and the complex cluster breakup and melting transitions at higher temperatures. For this coarse model development, we employ the manifold learning technique of diffusion mapping. The outcome of the diffusion mapping analysis over a broad temperature range indicates that two order parameters are sufficient to describe the cluster's phase behavior; we have chosen two such appropriate order parameters that are metrics of condensation and overall crystallinity. In this well-justified coarse-variable space, we calculate the cluster's free energy landscape (FEL) as a function of temperature, employing Monte Carlo umbrella sampling. These FELs are used to quantify the phase behavior and onsets of phase transitions of the LJ{sub 38} cluster.

  17. Freezing point depression in model Lennard-Jones solutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koschke, Konstantin; Jörg Limbach, Hans; Kremer, Kurt; Donadio, Davide

    2015-09-01

    Crystallisation of liquid solutions is of uttermost importance in a wide variety of processes in materials, atmospheric and food science. Depending on the type and concentration of solutes the freezing point shifts, thus allowing control on the thermodynamics of complex fluids. Here we investigate the basic principles of solute-induced freezing point depression by computing the melting temperature of a Lennard-Jones fluid with low concentrations of solutes, by means of equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations. The effect of solvophilic and weakly solvophobic solutes at low concentrations is analysed, scanning systematically the size and the concentration. We identify the range of parameters that produce deviations from the linear dependence of the freezing point on the molal concentration of solutes, expected for ideal solutions. Our simulations allow us also to link the shifts in coexistence temperature to the microscopic structure of the solutions.

  18. Metastable Lennard-Jones fluids. III. Bulk viscosity.

    PubMed

    Baidakov, Vladimir G; Protsenko, Sergey P

    2014-09-21

    The method of equilibrium molecular-dynamics simulation in combination with the Green-Kubo formula has been used to calculate the bulk viscosity of a Lennard-Jones fluid. Calculations have been made at temperatures 0.4 ≤ k(B)T/ɛ ≤ 2.0 and densities 0.0075 ≤ ρσ(3) ≤ 1.2 at 116 stable and 106 metastable states of liquid and gas. The depth of penetration into the region of metastable states was limited by spontaneous nucleation. In the region of stable states the data obtained are compared with the results of previous investigations. It has been established that the system transition across the lines of liquid-gas and liquid-crystal phase equilibrium and penetration into the metastable regions of liquid and gas are connected with increasing bulk viscosity. The behavior of bulk viscosity close to the spinodal of a superheated liquid and supersaturated vapor is discussed.

  19. Water in the presence of inert Lennard-Jones obstacles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kurtjak, Mario; Urbic, Tomaz

    2014-04-01

    Water confined by the presence of a 'sea' of inert obstacles was examined. In the article, freely mobile two-dimensional Mercedes-Benz (MB) water put to a disordered, but fixed, matrix of Lennard-Jones disks was studied by the Monte Carlo computer simulations. For the MB water molecules in the matrix of Lennard-Jones disks, we explored the structures, hydrogen-bond-network formation and thermodynamics as a function of temperature and size and density of matrix particles. We found that the structure of model water is perturbed by the presence of the obstacles. Density of confined water, which was in equilibrium with the bulk water, was smaller than the density of the bulk water and the temperature dependence of the density of absorbed water did not show the density anomaly in the studied temperature range. The behaviour observed as a consequence of confinement is similar to that of increasing temperature, which can for a matrix lead to a process similar to capillary evaporation. At the same occupancy of space, smaller matrix molecules cause higher destruction effect on the absorbed water molecules than the bigger ones. We have also tested the hypothesis that at low matrix densities the obstacles induce an increased ordering and 'hydrogen bonding' of the MB model molecules, relative to pure fluid, while at high densities the obstacles reduce MB water structuring, as they prevent the fluid to form good 'hydrogen-bonding' networks. However, for the size of matrix molecules similar to that of water, we did not observe this effect.

  20. Vere-Jones' self-similar branching model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saichev, A.; Sornette, D.

    2005-11-01

    Motivated by its potential application to earthquake statistics as well as for its intrinsic interest in the theory of branching processes, we study the exactly self-similar branching process introduced recently by Vere-Jones. This model extends the ETAS class of conditional self-excited branching point-processes of triggered seismicity by removing the problematic need for a minimum (as well as maximum) earthquake size. To make the theory convergent without the need for the usual ultraviolet and infrared cutoffs, the distribution of magnitudes m' of daughters of first-generation of a mother of magnitude m has two branches m'm with exponent β+d , where β and d are two positive parameters. We investigate the condition and nature of the subcritical, critical, and supercritical regime in this and in an extended version interpolating smoothly between several models. We predict that the distribution of magnitudes of events triggered by a mother of magnitude m over all generations has also two branches m'm with exponent β+h , with h=d1-s , where s is the fraction of triggered events. This corresponds to a renormalization of the exponent d into h by the hierarchy of successive generations of triggered events. For a significant part of the parameter space, the distribution of magnitudes over a full catalog summed over an average steady flow of spontaneous sources (immigrants) reproduces the distribution of the spontaneous sources with a single branch and is blind to the exponents β,d of the distribution of triggered events. Since the distribution of earthquake magnitudes is usually obtained with catalogs including many sequences, we conclude that the two branches of the distribution of aftershocks are not directly observable and the model is compatible with real seismic catalogs. In summary, the exactly self-similar Vere-Jones model provides an attractive new approach to model triggered seismicity, which

  1. Ground-water resources of Jones County, Mississippi

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Boswell, E.H.; Bednar, G.A.; Darden, Daphne

    1987-01-01

    Jones County, Mississippi, is supplied with groundwater from aquifers in strata of Eocene and younger age. The largest groundwater withdrawals are from aquifers in the Catahoula Sandstone of the Miocene aquifer system that occur at depths of 200 and 400 ft in the Laurel area. Several public and industrial water supply wells obtain water from deeper Eocene strata that occur at depths of more than 900 ft. Pumpage from all aquifers in Jones County for all uses increased from < 1 million gal/day (mgd) in 1925 to a maximum of 21.6 mgd in 1975. The city of Laurel used about 6.2 mgd in 1984 and total water use for the county was about 14.1 mgd. The extreme irregularity of the sand beds that form the aquifers is reflected in the wide range in hydraulic characteristics. Transmissivity values range from 600 to 10,000 sq ft/day and average about 6,000 sq ft/day. The average hydraulic conductivity is about 90 ft/day. Water levels in key observation wells in the lower Catahoula aquifer at Laurel have declined from about 150 ft above sea level in 1945 to about 80 ft above sea level in 1985. Since 1975, water levels in the Catahoula aquifers in the Laurel area have declined at a slower rate, but the cone of depression has enlarged because of areal changes in pumping. Water in the major aquifers is usable for most purposes, and concentrations of common constituents do not exceed water quality criteria for drinking water supplies. Iron concentrations are highest in the Catahoula and Vicksburg aquifers, exceeding 0.30 mg/L in water from 33% of the wells for which data are available. Color is highest in the Eocene Cockfield aquifer, exceeding 50 units in water from 60% of the wells. Dissolved solids concentrations range from 487 to 840 mg/L in water from wells in the Cockfield and Sparta aquifers. The pH values generally are < 7.0 in water from wells in the Catahoula and Vicksburg aquifers and > 8.4 in water from wells in the Cockfield and Sparta aquifers. Hardness of water from all

  2. Update on diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever: 2015 Jones criteria

    PubMed Central

    Eroğlu, Ayşe Güler

    2016-01-01

    In the final Jones criteria, different diagnostic criteria were established for the diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever for low risk and moderate-high risk populations. Turkey was found to be compatible with moderate-high risk populations as a result of regional screenings performed in terms of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease. The changes in the diagnostic criteria for low-risk populations include subclinical carditis found on echocardiogram as a major criterion in addition to carditis found clinically and a body temperature of 38.5°C and above as a minor criterion. In moderate-high risk populations including Turkey, subclinical carditis found on echocardiogram in addition to clinical carditis is used as a major criterion as a new amendment. In addition, aseptic monoarthritis and polyarthralgia are used as major criteria in addition to migratory arthritis and monoarhtralgia is used as a minor criterion among joint findings. However, differentiation of subclinical carditis from physiological valve regurgitation found in healthy individuals and exclusion of other diseases involving joints when aseptic monoarthritis and polyarthralgia are used as major criteria are very important. In addition, a body temperature of 38°C and above and an erythrocyte sedimentation rate of 30 mm/h and above have been accepted as minor criteria. The diagnostic criteria for the first attack have not been changed; three minor findings have been accepted in presence of previous sterptococcal infection in addition to the old cirteria for recurrent attacks. In the final Jones criteria, it has been recommended that patients who do not fully meet the diagnostic criteria of acute rheumatic fever should be treated as acute rheumatic fever if another diagnosis is not considered and should be followed up with benzathine penicilin prophylaxis for 12 months. It has been decided that these patients be evaluated 12 months later and a decision for continuation or discontinuation of

  3. Vacancy behavior in a compressed fcc Lennard-Jones crystal

    SciTech Connect

    Beeler, J.R. Jr.

    1981-12-01

    This computer experiment study concerns the determination of the stable vacancy configuration in a compressed fcc Lennard-Jones crystal and the migration of this defect in a compressed crystal. Isotropic and uniaxial compression stress conditions were studied. The isotropic and uniaxial compression magnitudes employed were 0.94 less than or equal to eta less than or equal to 1.5, and 1.0 less than or equal to eta less than or equal to 1.5, respectively. The site-centered vacancy (SCV) was the stable vacancy configuration whenever cubic symmetry was present. This includes all of the isotropic compression cases and the particular uniaxial compression case (eta = ..sqrt..2) that give a bcc structure. In addition, the SCV was the stable configuration for uniaxial compression eta < 1.29. The out-of-plane split vacancy (SV-OP) was the stable vacancy configuration for uniaxial compression 1.29 < eta less than or equal to 1.5 and was the saddle-point configuration for SCV migration when the SCV was the stable form. For eta > 1.20, the SV-OP is an extended defect and, therefore, a saddle point for SV-OP migration could not be determined. The mechanism for the transformation from the SCV to the SV-OP as the stable form at eta = 1.29 appears to be an alternating sign (101) and/or (011) shear process.

  4. Density functional theory of crystal growth: Lennard-Jones fluids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, Yu Chen; Oxtoby, David W.

    1996-03-01

    We employ an extension of density functional theory to the dynamics of phase transitions in order to study the velocities of crystal growth and melting at planar undercooled and superheated crystal-melt interfaces. The free energy functional we use has a square-gradient form, with the parameters for a Lennard-Jones interaction potential determined by a modified weighted density approximation (MWDA) applied locally through the liquid-solid interface. We explore the role of the density change on freezing in crystal and melt growth, and discover a significant asymmetry between freezing and melting both close to and far from the equilibrium freezing point. The behavior of the superheated solid is governed by the close proximity of a spinodal, whereas in the undercooled liquid there is no evidence for a spinodal and the growth at large undercoolings is affected instead by the density deficit that appears in front of the growing interface. Comparisons are made with other density functional approaches and with computer simulations.

  5. Metastable Lennard-Jones fluids. II. Thermal conductivity.

    PubMed

    Baidakov, Vladimir G; Protsenko, Sergey P

    2014-06-01

    The method of equilibrium molecular dynamics with the use of the Green-Kubo formalism has been used to calculate the thermal conductivity λ in stable and metastable regions of a Lennard-Jones fluid. Calculations have been made in the range of reduced temperatures 0.4 ≤ T* = k(b)T/ε ≤ 2.0 and densities 0.01 ≤ ρ* = ρσ³ ≤ 1.2 on 15 isotherms for 234 states, 130 of which refer to metastable regions: superheated and supercooled liquids, supersaturated vapor. Equations have been built up which describe the dependence of the regular part of the thermal conductivity on temperature and density, and also on temperature and pressure. It has been found that in (p, T) variables in the region of a liquid-gas phase transition a family of lines of constant value of excess thermal conductivity Δλ = λ - λ0, where λ0 is the thermal conductivity of a dilute gas, has an envelope which coincides with the spinodal. Thus, at the approach to the spinodal of a superheated liquid and supersaturated vapor (∂Δλ/∂p)T → ∞, (∂Δλ/∂T)p → ∞. PMID:24908025

  6. Metastable Lennard-Jones fluids. I. Shear viscosity.

    PubMed

    Baidakov, Vladimir G; Protsenko, Sergey P; Kozlova, Zaliya R

    2012-10-28

    Molecular dynamics methods have been employed to calculate the coefficient of shear viscosity η(s)* of a Lennard-Jones fluid. Calculations have been performed in the range of reduced temperatures 0.4 ≤ k(B)T/ε ≤ 2.0 and densities 0.01 ≤ ρσ(3) ≤ 1.2. Values of η(s)* have been obtained for 217 states, 99 of which refer to metastable liquid and gas regions. The results of calculating η(s)* for thermodynamically stable states are in satisfactory agreement with the data of earlier investigations. An equation has been obtained which describes the temperature and density dependence of the coefficient of shear viscosity in stable and metastable regions of the phase diagram up to the boundaries of spontaneous nucleation. The behavior of the coefficient of shear viscosity close to the spinodal of a superheated liquid and supersaturated vapor is discussed and the applicability of the Stokes-Einstein relation at high supercoolings of the liquid phase is examined.

  7. US SPACE CAMP CALIFORNIA - DAY CAMP GRAND OPENING WITH KEVIN JONES (WHISMAN SCHOOL) AND LUCRETIA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    US SPACE CAMP CALIFORNIA - DAY CAMP GRAND OPENING WITH KEVIN JONES (WHISMAN SCHOOL) AND LUCRETIA SUTHERLIN (MCNAIR SCHOOL). AMES SPONSORED STUDENTS AND RACHAEL QUIRING (STAFF) - AUTOGRAPH SIGNING BY Astronaut Wally Schirra

  8. Viola-Jones based hybrid framework for real-time object detection in multispectral images

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuznetsova, E.; Shvets, E.; Nikolaev, D.

    2015-12-01

    This paper describes a method for real-time object detection based on a hybrid of a Viola-Jones cascade with a convolutional neural network. This scheme allows flexible trade-offs between detection quality and computational performance. We also propose a generalization of this method to multispectral images that effectively and efficiently utilizes information from each spectral channel. The new scheme is experimentally compared to traditional Viola-Jones, showing improved detection quality with adjustable performance.

  9. Jones calculus modeling and analysis of the thermal distortion in a Ti:sapphire laser amplifier.

    PubMed

    Cho, Seryeyohan; Jeong, Jihoon; Yu, Tae Jun

    2016-06-27

    The mathematical modeling of an anisotropic Ti:sapphire crystal with a significant thermal load is performed. The model is expressed by the differential Jones matrix. A thermally induced distortion in the chirped-pulse amplification process is shown by the solution of the differential Jones matrix. Using this model, the thermally distorted spatio-temporal laser beam shape is calculated for a high-power and high-repetition-rate Ti:sapphire amplifier. PMID:27410590

  10. Energy landscapes of quantum Lennard-Jones solids.

    PubMed

    Chakravarty, Charusita

    2011-06-30

    To generalize inherent structure analysis to understand structural changes in quantum liquids and solids, differences between classical (V(x)) and quantum-corrected (U(qeff)(x)) energy landscapes are estimated as a function of the de Boer parameter (Λ). Path integral simulations of quantum Lennard-Jones solids are performed at zero pressure and a dimensionless reduced temperature of 0.123, corresponding to an absolute temperature of 4.2K. At constant temperature and pressure, Λ is increased from the classical limit of zero to Λ = 0.28, corresponding to para-H(2). Increasing quantum delocalization effects result in a continuous decrease in density and local order but without a transition to a disordered, liquid state. The inherent structure landscape of bulk systems is strongly dependent on density with the energy and stability of crystalline minima decreasing relative to that of amorphous packing minima as the system is stretched. For Λ ≈ 0.23, the volume fluctuations in quantum solids are sufficient to result in sampling of disordered minima while for Λ = 0.28, the underlying classical inherent structures are completely disordered, indicating that the topography of U(qeff)(x) and V(x) are qualitatively different for such values of Λ. To assess the nature of the quantum-corrected energy landscape, effective pair potentials are defined by u(qeff)(r) = -kT ln g(r) using the pair correlation function (g(r)) of the quantum system in the neighborhood of the first peak. Our results show that as Λ increases, the pair potentials become increasingly softer, shallower, and of increasing range with a shifting of the potential minimum to larger distances. For example, the reduction of the entropy of fusion and melting temperatures of quantum solids with increasing Λ are analogous to the changes in thermodynamics of melting seen in classical solids with increasing range and softness of interactions. The energy landscapes associated with such coarse-grained potentials

  11. Energy landscapes of quantum Lennard-Jones solids.

    PubMed

    Chakravarty, Charusita

    2011-06-30

    To generalize inherent structure analysis to understand structural changes in quantum liquids and solids, differences between classical (V(x)) and quantum-corrected (U(qeff)(x)) energy landscapes are estimated as a function of the de Boer parameter (Λ). Path integral simulations of quantum Lennard-Jones solids are performed at zero pressure and a dimensionless reduced temperature of 0.123, corresponding to an absolute temperature of 4.2K. At constant temperature and pressure, Λ is increased from the classical limit of zero to Λ = 0.28, corresponding to para-H(2). Increasing quantum delocalization effects result in a continuous decrease in density and local order but without a transition to a disordered, liquid state. The inherent structure landscape of bulk systems is strongly dependent on density with the energy and stability of crystalline minima decreasing relative to that of amorphous packing minima as the system is stretched. For Λ ≈ 0.23, the volume fluctuations in quantum solids are sufficient to result in sampling of disordered minima while for Λ = 0.28, the underlying classical inherent structures are completely disordered, indicating that the topography of U(qeff)(x) and V(x) are qualitatively different for such values of Λ. To assess the nature of the quantum-corrected energy landscape, effective pair potentials are defined by u(qeff)(r) = -kT ln g(r) using the pair correlation function (g(r)) of the quantum system in the neighborhood of the first peak. Our results show that as Λ increases, the pair potentials become increasingly softer, shallower, and of increasing range with a shifting of the potential minimum to larger distances. For example, the reduction of the entropy of fusion and melting temperatures of quantum solids with increasing Λ are analogous to the changes in thermodynamics of melting seen in classical solids with increasing range and softness of interactions. The energy landscapes associated with such coarse-grained potentials

  12. Cephalometric effects of the Jones Jig appliance followed by fixed appliances in Class II malocclusion treatment

    PubMed Central

    Patel, Mayara Paim; Henriques, José Fernando Castanha; de Freitas, Karina Maria Salvatore; Grec, Roberto Henrique da Costa

    2014-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to cephalometrically assess the skeletal and dentoalveolar effects of Class II malocclusion treatment performed with the Jones Jig appliance followed by fixed appliances. Methods The sample comprised 25 patients with Class II malocclusion treated with the Jones Jig appliance followed by fixed appliances, at a mean initial age of 12.90 years old. The mean time of the entire orthodontic treatment was 3.89 years. The distalization phase lasted for 0.85 years, after which the fixed appliance was used for 3.04 years. Cephalograms were used at initial (T1), post-distalization (T2) and final phases of treatment (T3). For intragroup comparison of the three phases evaluated, dependent ANOVA and Tukey tests were used. Results Jones Jig appliance did not interfere in the maxillary and mandibular component and did not change maxillomandibular relationship. Jones Jig appliance promoted distalization of first molars with anchorage loss, mesialization and significant extrusion of first and second premolars, as well as a significant increase in anterior face height at the end of treatment. The majority of adverse effects that occur during intraoral distalization are subsequently corrected during corrective mechanics. Buccal inclination and protrusion of mandibular incisors were identified. By the end of treatment, correction of overjet and overbite was observed. Conclusions Jones Jig appliance promoted distalization of first molars with anchorage loss represented by significant mesial movement and extrusion of first and second premolars, in addition to a significant increase in anterior face height. PMID:25162565

  13. Phase diagram of power law and Lennard-Jones systems: Crystal phases

    SciTech Connect

    Travesset, Alex

    2014-10-28

    An extensive characterization of the low temperature phase diagram of particles interacting with power law or Lennard-Jones potentials is provided from Lattice Dynamical Theory. For power law systems, only two lattice structures are stable for certain values of the exponent (or softness) (A15, body centered cube (bcc)) and two more (face centered cubic (fcc), hexagonal close packed (hcp)) are always stable. Among them, only the fcc and bcc are equilibrium states. For Lennard-Jones systems, the equilibrium states are either hcp or fcc, with a coexistence curve in pressure and temperature that shows reentrant behavior. The hcp solid never coexists with the liquid. In all cases analyzed, for both power law and Lennard-Jones potentials, the fcc crystal has higher entropy than the hcp. The role of anharmonic terms is thoroughly analyzed and a general thermodynamic integration to account for them is proposed.

  14. Phase diagram of power law and Lennard-Jones systems: crystal phases.

    PubMed

    Travesset, Alex

    2014-10-28

    An extensive characterization of the low temperature phase diagram of particles interacting with power law or Lennard-Jones potentials is provided from Lattice Dynamical Theory. For power law systems, only two lattice structures are stable for certain values of the exponent (or softness) (A15, body centered cube (bcc)) and two more (face centered cubic (fcc), hexagonal close packed (hcp)) are always stable. Among them, only the fcc and bcc are equilibrium states. For Lennard-Jones systems, the equilibrium states are either hcp or fcc, with a coexistence curve in pressure and temperature that shows reentrant behavior. The hcp solid never coexists with the liquid. In all cases analyzed, for both power law and Lennard-Jones potentials, the fcc crystal has higher entropy than the hcp. The role of anharmonic terms is thoroughly analyzed and a general thermodynamic integration to account for them is proposed. PMID:25362319

  15. 1919: psychology and psychoanalysis, Cambridge and London - Myers, Jones and MacCurdy.

    PubMed

    Forrester, John

    2008-01-01

    Viewing the reception of psychoanalysis in Britain from Cambridge, the paper examines the intertwining histories of the post-War British Psychological Society and the founding of the British Psycho-Analytical Society, following the initiatives of the two principal psychological entrepreneurs of the era, Charles Myers and Ernest Jones, Reforms in Cambridge in which psychoanalysis played a significant part are analysed, including the foundation of a Clinic for Nervous Diseases and the establishment of a separate Department of Experimental Psychology. The career of J. T. MacCurdy, Jones's student and Lecturer in Psychopathology at Cambridge, is discussed.

  16. Dynamic Loading Assessment at the Fifth Metatarsal in Elite Athletes with a history of Jones Fracture

    PubMed Central

    Hunt, Kenneth; Goeb, Yannick

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: Fractures of the proximal metaphysis of the fifth metatarsal (i.e., Jones fractures) are common in the athletic population and frequently require surgical fixation to optimize healing rates and return to sport. Subtle hindfoot varus alignment, which likely results in greater forces at the fifth metatarsal, has been associated with increased risk of Jones fractures due to presumed increase in forces on the lateral foot. The goal of the present study was to dynamically assess plantar pressure loads at the fifth metatarsal in elite athletes with a history of Jones fracture. We hypothesize that athletes who have suffered Jones fractures will apply significantly higher loads at the fifth metatarsal base during athletic activities compared to matched uninjured athletes. Methods: Sixteen elite, competitive athletes were recruited to participate. Eight athletes had a history of Jones fracture and eight age, gender and position-matched athletes without a history of foot injury were recruited as controls. While wearing calibrated, wireless pressure mapping insoles, all athletes performed a standardized series of athletic movements including walking, running and cutting. Tests were repeated with the patient’s standard corrective insole. Peak pressure, mean pressure, maximum force, and force-time integral (i.e., impulse) were recorded for each activity. Comparison between groups was performed using a paired Wilcoxon Sign Rank test. Results: Athletes with a history of Jones fracture showed a significantly increased peak pressure (183 ±23 kPA vs. 138±7 kPA), mean pressure (124±14 kPA vs. 95±4 kPA), and maximum force (15±1.2%BW vs. 12±1.2%BW) at the fifth metatarsal base during walking and running compared to uninjured matched controls (all P<0.05). Use of the corrective orthotic insole did not significantly reduce peak or mean pressure, maximum force, or impulse at the fifth metatarsal base during running or cutting. Conclusion: Athletes with a history of

  17. Gingival Enlargement in a Case of Variant Jones Syndrome: a Case Report

    PubMed Central

    DA, Roopa; Singh, Shinkhala; Gupta, Ira; Gopal, Saumiya

    2016-01-01

    Gingival enlargement can be caused by a variety of etiological factors like inflammation, drugs, and systemic diseases or can be presented as a part of a syndrome. One such syndrome is Jones Syndrome, which is associated with gingival enlargement and progressive hearing loss. We present here a case of fifteen-year-old boy with gingival enlargement, hearing loss, and generalized alveolar bone loss and diagnosed as Jones syndrome. The diagnosis was made based on history, clinical, radiographic, and histopathological findings. Gingival enlargement was surgically managed using gingivectomy and no recurrence was observed. The patient showed remarkable esthetical and functional improvement. PMID:26966711

  18. 77 FR 38051 - Jones Canyon Hydro, LLC; Notice of Application for Amendment of Preliminary Permit Accepted for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-26

    ...; and (7) change the name of the project from ``Jones Canyon Pumped Storage Project'' to ``Oregon Winds... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Jones Canyon Hydro, LLC; Notice of Application for Amendment of...

  19. OXYGEN TRANSFER EFFICIENCY SURVEYS AT THE JONES ISLAND TREATMENT PLANTS - 1985-1988

    EPA Science Inventory

    Ceramic plate diffusers were among the earliest forms of fine pore diffusers used for oxygen transfer in activated sludge treatment. They have been successfully used for over 60 years in the Jones Island West Plant of the Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District and, since initia...

  20. Don't Settle: Leslie Monsalve-Jones--New Mexico State Library

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Library Journal, 2005

    2005-01-01

    Leslie Monsalve-Jones is a library technician with the New Mexico State Library, responsible for claiming documents that state agencies don't submit. She also maintains the collection and can immediately track down any requested document. In short, she is the kind of worker whose price is above rubies but whose pay is slightly above pebbles. And…

  1. Freezing and melting equations for the n-6 Lennard-Jones systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khrapak, Sergey A.; Ning, Ning

    2016-05-01

    We generalize previous approach of Khrapak and Morfill [J. Chem. Phys. 134, 094108 (2011)] to construct simple and sufficiently accurate freezing and melting equations for the conventional Lennard-Jones (LJ) system to n-6 LJ systems, using the accurate results for the triple points of these systems published by Sousa et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 136, 174502 (2012)].

  2. Foucault and Colonial Strategy in Douglas C. Jones' "Arrest Sitting Bull"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, Peter G.

    2004-01-01

    "Arrest Sitting Bull," a novel written by Douglas C. Jones that relates the personal stories of individuals involved in the military and the political domination of the Sioux Indian during the period leading to the Sitting Bull killing is described. The incessant quest to establish and maintain control and the integral roles played by fear and…

  3. On the Myth of the Crisis of Representation: A Response to Gilbourne, Jones and Jordan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gard, Michael

    2014-01-01

    The author observes that, in "Applied Utility and the Auto-Ethnographic Short Story: Persuasions for, and Illustrations of, Writing Critical Social Science," Gilbourne, Jones and Jordan present claims about why we might choose to represent auto-ethnographic data in a literary form such as short story and for the "potential" or…

  4. Interpreting Error Patterns in Nonword Repetition Tasks: A Commentary on Tamburelli, Jones, Gobet & Pine (2012)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marshall, Chloe R.

    2012-01-01

    The study by Tamburelli, Jones, Gobet, and Pine (2012; henceforth TJGP) is a very welcome addition to the body of work concerning nonword repetition in typical development. TJGP go beyond previous work in considering three syllabic positions--onset, nucleus, and coda--with the aim of investigating how the positional role of phonemes within the…

  5. Creative Imagination and Subjective Agency in Wynne-Jones' "The Maestro"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cairns, Sue Ann

    2009-01-01

    The Canadian young adult novel "The Maestro" by Tim Wynne-Jones foregrounds the relationship between imagination and subjective agency. While Burl uses his imagination at the beginning to protect himself from his abusive father, his fantasies become dress rehearsals for small performances that allow him to try on new identities and exercise…

  6. PHYTOREMEDIATION OF DREDGED SEDIMENTS: A CASE STUDY AT THE JONES ISLAND CDF

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Jones Island Confined Disposal Facility (CDF) is a 44 acre in-lake area that receives dredged material from Milwaukee Harbor and the surrounding waterways. Some of those materials are contaminated with industrial waste and urban run-off. The CDF is nearing the end of its desi...

  7. The Game TV Plays: Or, Why an English Teacher Came to Hate Barnaby Jones.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Patrick W.

    The message of current popular television shows in which the hero is, or appears to be, a dumb clod (e.g., Archie Bunker, Fred Sanford, Columbo, and Barnaby Jones), apparently is that corruption may be equated with articulation, wealth, and education, while virtue may be equated with poverty and, often, illiteracy. Unfortunately, the effect of…

  8. The Representation of Latinos and the Use of Spanish: A Critical Content Analysis of "Skippyjon Jones"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martínez-Roldan, Carmen M.

    2013-01-01

    This study illustrates the presence of Mock Spanish in some English-based picture books and the ways this usage misrepresents Latino people, language, and culture. The author conducted a critical content analysis of five Skippyjon Jones books. Her guiding question was, How is language used, particularly Spanish, in these English texts, and what…

  9. Enhancing Undergraduates' Capabilities through Team-Based Competitions: The Edward Jones Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Umble, Elisabeth J.; Umble, Michael; Artz, Kendall

    2008-01-01

    The Edward Jones Company recently initiated financial sponsorship of team-based competitions in six undergraduate business core classes at Baylor University. The challenges were chosen to take place in an introductory freshman business class, Managerial Accounting, Principles of Marketing, Corporate Finance, Operations Management, and Strategic…

  10. Understanding the interfacial behavior in isopycnic Lennard-Jones mixtures by computer simulations.

    PubMed

    Garrido, José Matías; Piñeiro, Manuel M; Mejía, Andrés; Blas, Felipe J

    2016-01-14

    The physical characterization of the singular interfacial behavior of heterogeneous fluid systems is a very important step in preliminary stages of the design process, and also in the subsequent procedures for the determination of the optimal operating conditions. Molar isopycnicity or molar density inversion is a special case of phase equilibrium behavior that directly affects the relative position of phases in heterogeneous mixtures, without being affected by gravitational fields. This work is dedicated to characterize the impact of molar density inversion on the interfacial properties of Lennard-Jones binary mixtures. The results and specific trends of the molar density inversion phenomena on the peculiar calculated composition profiles across the interface and interfacial tensions are explored by using canonical molecular dynamics simulations of the Lennard-Jones binary mixtures. Our results show that the density inversion causes drastic changes in the density profiles of the mixtures. In particular, symmetrical and equal-sized Lennard-Jones mixtures always exhibit desorption along the interfacial zone, i.e. the interfacial concentration profiles show a relative minimum at the interface of the total density profiles that increases when the dispersive energy parameter (ε(ij)) between unlike species decreases. However, as the asymmetry of the Lennard-Jones mixtures increases (σ(i) ≠ σ(j)), the concentration profiles display a relative maximum at the interface, which implies the adsorption of the total density profiles along the interfacial zone. PMID:26660062

  11. Malaria and the Decline of Ancient Greece: Revisiting the Jones Hypothesis in an Era of Interdisciplinarity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baron, Christopher; Hamlin, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    Between 1906 and 1909 the biologist Ronald Ross and the classicist W.H.S. Jones pioneered interdisciplinary research in biology and history in advancing the claim that malaria had been crucial in the decline of golden-age Greece (fourth century BCE). The idea had originated with Ross, winner of the Nobel Prize for demonstrating the importance of…

  12. Understanding the interfacial behavior in isopycnic Lennard-Jones mixtures by computer simulations.

    PubMed

    Garrido, José Matías; Piñeiro, Manuel M; Mejía, Andrés; Blas, Felipe J

    2016-01-14

    The physical characterization of the singular interfacial behavior of heterogeneous fluid systems is a very important step in preliminary stages of the design process, and also in the subsequent procedures for the determination of the optimal operating conditions. Molar isopycnicity or molar density inversion is a special case of phase equilibrium behavior that directly affects the relative position of phases in heterogeneous mixtures, without being affected by gravitational fields. This work is dedicated to characterize the impact of molar density inversion on the interfacial properties of Lennard-Jones binary mixtures. The results and specific trends of the molar density inversion phenomena on the peculiar calculated composition profiles across the interface and interfacial tensions are explored by using canonical molecular dynamics simulations of the Lennard-Jones binary mixtures. Our results show that the density inversion causes drastic changes in the density profiles of the mixtures. In particular, symmetrical and equal-sized Lennard-Jones mixtures always exhibit desorption along the interfacial zone, i.e. the interfacial concentration profiles show a relative minimum at the interface of the total density profiles that increases when the dispersive energy parameter (ε(ij)) between unlike species decreases. However, as the asymmetry of the Lennard-Jones mixtures increases (σ(i) ≠ σ(j)), the concentration profiles display a relative maximum at the interface, which implies the adsorption of the total density profiles along the interfacial zone.

  13. 77 FR 59899 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Coastal Zone Management Act Walter B. Jones and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-01

    ... Zone Management Act Walter B. Jones and NOAA Excellence Awards AGENCY: National Oceanic and Atmospheric... promote excellence in coastal zone management by identifying and acknowledging outstanding accomplishments... recognize three categories of excellence: Coastal Steward of the Year, Excellence in Local Government,...

  14. Evaluation of anxiolytic activity of compound Valeriana jatamansi Jones in mice

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Compound Valeriana jatamansi Jones is a formula for treating anxiety-related diseases in the clinic, which is composed of Valeriana jatamansi Rhizoma et Radix, Ziziphi Spinosae Semen, Albiziae Cortex and Junci Medulla. The purpose of this study was to explore the anxiolytic properties of this compound in mice. Methods Male ICR mice were treated with compound Valerianae Jatamansi Jones (1.2 g/kg, 2.4 g/kg, 4.8 g/kg), saline, diazepam (2 mg/kg) orally for 10 days and then exposed to elevated maze-plus (EPM) and light–dark box (LDB). The effects of the compound on spontaneous activity were evaluated by locomotor activity test. We further investigated the mechanism of action underlying the anxiolytic-like effect of compound by pre-treating animals with antagonists of benzodiazepine (flumazenil, 3mg/kg) prior to evaluation using EPM and LDB. Results Compound Valerianae Jatamansi Jones (2.4, 4.8 g/kg, p.o.) significantly increased entries (P<0.05) into and time spent (P<0.05) on the open arms of the EPM, and number of transitions (P<0.05) and time spent (P<0.05) in the light compartment of the LDB. However, the anxiolytic-like effects of compound were significantly reduced by pre-treatment with flumazenil (P>0.05). In addition, compound Valerianae Jatamansi Jones treatment didn’t affect the spontaneous activity in mice (P> 0.05). Conclusions The present study supports the hypothesis that compound Valeriana jatamansi Jones exert anxiolytic action but no sedative effects in mice and that this effect might be mediated by benzodiazepine receptors. PMID:23171285

  15. A Sad Journey down History: A Conversation with Judge Nathaniel Jones about Litigating "Milliken v. Bradley I" (1974), 40 Years Later

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gooden, Mark A.; Green, Terrance L.

    2016-01-01

    The Honorable Judge Nathaniel Jones litigated the "Milliken v. Bradley I" case before the U.S. District Court and Supreme Court in 1971 and 1974. Nathaniel Jones was born May 12, 1926 in Youngstown, Ohio, and served as the general counsel for the NAACP from 1969-1979. In 1979, President Jimmy Carter nominated Nathaniel Jones to the U.S.…

  16. Density functional theory for crystal-liquid interfaces of Lennard-Jones fluid.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xin; Mi, Jianguo; Zhong, Chongli

    2013-04-28

    A density functional approach is presented to describe the crystal-liquid interfaces and crystal nucleations of Lennard-Jones fluid. Within the theoretical framework, the modified fundamental measure theory is applied to describe the free energy functional of hard sphere repulsion, and the weighted density method based on first order mean spherical approximation is used to describe the free energy contribution arising from the attractive interaction. The liquid-solid equilibria, density profiles within crystal cells and at liquid-solid interfaces, interfacial tensions, nucleation free energy barriers, and critical cluster sizes are calculated for face-centered-cubic and body-centered-cubic nucleus. Some results are in good agreement with available simulation data, indicating that the present model is quantitatively reliable in describing nucleation thermodynamics of Lennard-Jones fluid.

  17. Density functional theory for crystal-liquid interfaces of Lennard-Jones fluid.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xin; Mi, Jianguo; Zhong, Chongli

    2013-04-28

    A density functional approach is presented to describe the crystal-liquid interfaces and crystal nucleations of Lennard-Jones fluid. Within the theoretical framework, the modified fundamental measure theory is applied to describe the free energy functional of hard sphere repulsion, and the weighted density method based on first order mean spherical approximation is used to describe the free energy contribution arising from the attractive interaction. The liquid-solid equilibria, density profiles within crystal cells and at liquid-solid interfaces, interfacial tensions, nucleation free energy barriers, and critical cluster sizes are calculated for face-centered-cubic and body-centered-cubic nucleus. Some results are in good agreement with available simulation data, indicating that the present model is quantitatively reliable in describing nucleation thermodynamics of Lennard-Jones fluid. PMID:23635162

  18. Modified Jeans instability in Lorentzian dusty self-gravitating plasmas with Lennard-Jones potential

    SciTech Connect

    Qian, Y. Z. Chen, H. Liu, S. Q.

    2014-11-15

    The Jeans instability in self-gravitating plasma with Kappa distributed dust grains is investigated basing on assumption that the mutual interaction among dust grains is governed by Lennard-Jones potential. It is shown that the presence of additional suprathermal particles has significant effects on the range of unstable modes and growth rate of Jeans instability. Compared with Maxwellian scenario, suprathermality stabilized the Jeans instability.

  19. Baby Boy Jones Interactive Case-Based Learning Activity: A Web-Delivered Teaching Strategy.

    PubMed

    Cleveland, Lisa M; Carmona, Elenice Valentim; Paper, Bruce; Solis, Linda; Taylor, Bonnie

    2015-01-01

    Faced with limited resources, nurse educators are challenged with transforming nursing education while preparing enough qualified nurses to meet future demand; therefore, innovative approaches to teaching are needed. In this article, we describe the development of an innovative teaching activity. Baby Boy Jones is a Web-delivered, case-based learning activity focused on neonatal infection. It was created using e-learning authoring software and delivered through a learning management system.

  20. Bence Jones proteins: Powerful tool for fundamental study of protein chemistry and pathophysiology

    SciTech Connect

    Stevens, F.J.; Schiffer, M.; Solomon, A.

    1991-12-31

    Bence Jones proteins are typically found in patients with monoclonal plasma cell or related B-cell immunoproliferative disorders. Because of their monoclonal origin and resulting chemical homogeneity much of the fundamental information on immunoglobulin structure came initially from their analysis. Amino acid analyses of these components revealed an N-terminal variable (V) and C-terminal constant (C) domain as well as the existence within the V domain of hypervariable segments that account for the specificity and diversity of antibodies. Over the past three decades, the primary structures of hundreds of light chains (complete and partial), from human and other sources, have been determined, aligned, and archived. Bence Jones proteins and V{sub L} dimers were the crystallizable homogeneous proteins which provided much of the early three-dimensional conformational data that helped explain the structural basis of antibody function. Remarkably, a single Bence Jones protein in two solvent systems (low and high ionic strength) exhibited significant differences in the interactions of the two monomeric subunits comprising the dimer, resulting in substantial variation in the structure of the antigen combining site under the two solution conditions. This observation led to a prediction that heterogeneity of domain interactions may contribute to antibody-antigen interactions. Experimental support for this hypothesis has come from comparisons of the detailed structures of antibody-antigen complexes. The interactions at the interface of the V{sub L} dimer are a function of primary structure and solution conditions. Study of these interactions has led to new information on the relationship between protein structure and function and, as discussed below, can account for specific pathophysiological properties associated with Bence Jones proteins.

  1. The path ahead for MD/PhD programs in Canada Commentary on Jones et al.

    PubMed

    Rosenblum, Norman D

    2016-09-11

    The paper by Jones and colleagues, published in this edition of Clinical Investigative Medicine, contributes to our understanding of Canadian MD/PhD Programs. While there has been little published on this subject by the Canadian programs, themselves, this paper is the most recent in a series by leaders of the Clinical Investigator Trainee Association of Canada (CITAC). The authors are to be commended for their efforts and productivity.

  2. Screw fixation diameter for fifth metatarsal jones fracture: a cadaveric study.

    PubMed

    Scott, Ryan T; Hyer, Christopher F; DeMill, Shyler L

    2015-01-01

    The fifth metatarsal Jones fracture is a well-documented injury occurring at the proximal diaphyseal-metaphyseal junction. Conservative versus surgical intervention has been discussed in published studies for the management of Jones fractures. Solid intramedullary fixation relies on accurate matching of the screw diameter to the intraosseous diameter. The purpose of the present cadaveric study was to determine the average intraosseous diameter of the proximal fifth metatarsal as it relates to screw size selection for Jones fracture stabilization. Twenty fresh-frozen cadaver legs were used for examination. The fifth metatarsal was completely dissected. A transverse osteotomy was performed from laterally to medially along the midline of the metatarsal. A digital caliper was used to measure the diameter of the medullary canal of the fifth metatarsal. The measurement was taken at the narrowest portion of the medullary canal just distal to the proximal metaphysis. The mean dorsal to plantar diameter of the fifth metatarsal was 6.475 ± 1.54 (range 4 to 12) mm and the mean medial to lateral diameter was 4.6 ± 0.85 (range 3 to 6) mm. Intramedullary screw fixation has shown beneficial results in the treatment protocol of fifth metatarsal Jones fractures. Our study has demonstrated that a 4.5-mm cannulated screw is the narrowest diameter screw that can be used in the average fifth metatarsal and still obtain adequate intraosseous purchase. When selecting the appropriate screw, the surgeon must be comfortable selecting the largest screw that will achieve the maximal interface with the dense cortical bone in both the medial to lateral and dorsal to plantar plane.

  3. The path ahead for MD/PhD programs in Canada Commentary on Jones et al.

    PubMed

    Rosenblum, Norman D

    2016-01-01

    The paper by Jones and colleagues, published in this edition of Clinical Investigative Medicine, contributes to our understanding of Canadian MD/PhD Programs. While there has been little published on this subject by the Canadian programs, themselves, this paper is the most recent in a series by leaders of the Clinical Investigator Trainee Association of Canada (CITAC). The authors are to be commended for their efforts and productivity. PMID:27619401

  4. Jones v. Gerhardstein: the involuntarily committed mental patient's right to refuse treatment with psychotropic drugs.

    PubMed

    Ledwith, D M J

    1990-01-01

    The question of whether an involuntary committed mental patient has a fundamental right to refuse treatment with psychotropic drugs continues to be a subject of much debate. Over the past twenty-five years, psychotropic drugs have become the most common form of treatment for the mentally ill. For many patients, these drugs provide substantial benefits; for others, however, they produce severe, sometimes debilitating, side effects. Because of the possibility of serious harm to the patient and because of the potential for abuse of drug treatment by psychiatric staffs, the mental health bar generally has argued for increased procedural protection for mental patients. In Jones v. Gerhardstein, the Wisconsin Supreme Court responded to these concerns by requiring that a judicial hearing be held on the issue of a patient's competency to refuse treatment before the attending physician may administer medication without the patient's consent. This Note discusses the controversy between the legal and medical communities over treatment refusal by mentally ill patients in light of the impact of the Jones decision on institutional practice and on refusing patients. The author argues that the strictly rights-based analysis used by the Jones court has done little to benefit involuntarily committed mental patients. The author suggests alternative ways of approaching treatment refusal that might be more responsive to the distinctive needs of the mentally ill.

  5. Metastability, spectrum, and eigencurrents of the Lennard-Jones-38 network.

    PubMed

    Cameron, Maria K

    2014-11-14

    We develop computational tools for spectral analysis of stochastic networks representing energy landscapes of atomic and molecular clusters. Physical meaning and some properties of eigenvalues, left and right eigenvectors, and eigencurrents are discussed. We propose an approach to compute a collection of eigenpairs and corresponding eigencurrents describing the most important relaxation processes taking place in the system on its way to the equilibrium. It is suitable for large and complex stochastic networks where pairwise transition rates, given by the Arrhenius law, vary by orders of magnitude. The proposed methodology is applied to the network representing the Lennard-Jones-38 cluster created by Wales's group. Its energy landscape has a double funnel structure with a deep and narrow face-centered cubic funnel and a shallower and wider icosahedral funnel. However, the complete spectrum of the generator matrix of the Lennard-Jones-38 network has no appreciable spectral gap separating the eigenvalue corresponding to the escape from the icosahedral funnel. We provide a detailed description of the escape process from the icosahedral funnel using the eigencurrent and demonstrate a superexponential growth of the corresponding eigenvalue. The proposed spectral approach is compared to the methodology of the Transition Path Theory. Finally, we discuss whether the Lennard-Jones-38 cluster is metastable from the points of view of a mathematician and a chemical physicist, and make a connection with experimental works.

  6. Advanced multi-contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography for Doppler and polarization sensitive imaging.

    PubMed

    Ju, Myeong Jin; Hong, Young-Joo; Makita, Shuichi; Lim, Yiheng; Kurokawa, Kazuhiro; Duan, Lian; Miura, Masahiro; Tang, Shuo; Yasuno, Yoshiaki

    2013-08-12

    An advanced version of Jones matrix optical coherence tomography (JMT) is demonstrated for Doppler and polarization sensitive imaging of the posterior eye. JMT is capable of providing localized flow tomography by Doppler detection and investigating the birefringence property of tissue through a three-dimensional (3-D) Jones matrix measurement. Owing to an incident polarization multiplexing scheme based on passive optical components, this system is stable, safe in a clinical environment, and cost effective. Since the properties of this version of JMT provide intrinsic compensation for system imperfection, the system is easy to calibrate. Compared with the previous version of JMT, this advanced JMT achieves a sufficiently long depth measurement range for clinical cases of posterior eye disease. Furthermore, a fine spectral shift compensation method based on the cross-correlation of calibration signals was devised for stabilizing the phase of OCT, which enables a high sensitivity Doppler OCT measurement. In addition, a new theory of JMT which integrates the Jones matrix measurement, Doppler measurement, and scattering measurement is presented. This theory enables a sensitivity-enhanced scattering OCT and high-sensitivity Doppler OCT. These new features enable the application of this system to clinical cases. A healthy subject and a geographic atrophy patient were measured in vivo, and simultaneous imaging of choroidal vasculature and birefringence structures are demonstrated.

  7. Crystallization of a human Bence Jones protein in microgravity using vapor diffusion in capillaries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alvarado, U. R.; DeWitt, C. R.; Shultz, B. B.; Ramsland, P. A.; Edmundson, A. B.

    2001-03-01

    A simple evaporative method in sealed capillaries was used to produce X-ray diffraction quality crystals of a monoclonal human Bence-Jones protein (Sea) in microgravity and at unit gravity. The λ isotypic Bence-Jones protein was purified from the urine of a multiple myeloma patient using ammonium sulfate precipitation, dialysis and cation exchange, followed by gel filtration. Crystals were produced in glass capillaries where water evaporated from the protein solution was absorbed by one or two suitable absorbents. A crystal grown during the 9-day Space Shuttle STS-95 flight measured 8×1.6×1 mm. It was subjected to X-ray diffraction and was found to be orthorhombic ( P2 12 12 1), with unit-cell dimensions of 48.9, 85.2 and 114.0 Å. X-ray data were collected at room temperature and were 98.3% complete to 2.3 Å resolution. Crystals of the same Bence-Jones protein measuring 1.2-2 mm in length were grown in ground-based controls using a high evaporation rate for the first 12 h, followed by a slower evaporation rate for the remainder of the 19-day growth period.

  8. Metastability, spectrum, and eigencurrents of the Lennard-Jones-38 network.

    PubMed

    Cameron, Maria K

    2014-11-14

    We develop computational tools for spectral analysis of stochastic networks representing energy landscapes of atomic and molecular clusters. Physical meaning and some properties of eigenvalues, left and right eigenvectors, and eigencurrents are discussed. We propose an approach to compute a collection of eigenpairs and corresponding eigencurrents describing the most important relaxation processes taking place in the system on its way to the equilibrium. It is suitable for large and complex stochastic networks where pairwise transition rates, given by the Arrhenius law, vary by orders of magnitude. The proposed methodology is applied to the network representing the Lennard-Jones-38 cluster created by Wales's group. Its energy landscape has a double funnel structure with a deep and narrow face-centered cubic funnel and a shallower and wider icosahedral funnel. However, the complete spectrum of the generator matrix of the Lennard-Jones-38 network has no appreciable spectral gap separating the eigenvalue corresponding to the escape from the icosahedral funnel. We provide a detailed description of the escape process from the icosahedral funnel using the eigencurrent and demonstrate a superexponential growth of the corresponding eigenvalue. The proposed spectral approach is compared to the methodology of the Transition Path Theory. Finally, we discuss whether the Lennard-Jones-38 cluster is metastable from the points of view of a mathematician and a chemical physicist, and make a connection with experimental works. PMID:25399138

  9. Metastability, spectrum, and eigencurrents of the Lennard-Jones-38 network

    SciTech Connect

    Cameron, Maria K.

    2014-11-14

    We develop computational tools for spectral analysis of stochastic networks representing energy landscapes of atomic and molecular clusters. Physical meaning and some properties of eigenvalues, left and right eigenvectors, and eigencurrents are discussed. We propose an approach to compute a collection of eigenpairs and corresponding eigencurrents describing the most important relaxation processes taking place in the system on its way to the equilibrium. It is suitable for large and complex stochastic networks where pairwise transition rates, given by the Arrhenius law, vary by orders of magnitude. The proposed methodology is applied to the network representing the Lennard-Jones-38 cluster created by Wales's group. Its energy landscape has a double funnel structure with a deep and narrow face-centered cubic funnel and a shallower and wider icosahedral funnel. However, the complete spectrum of the generator matrix of the Lennard-Jones-38 network has no appreciable spectral gap separating the eigenvalue corresponding to the escape from the icosahedral funnel. We provide a detailed description of the escape process from the icosahedral funnel using the eigencurrent and demonstrate a superexponential growth of the corresponding eigenvalue. The proposed spectral approach is compared to the methodology of the Transition Path Theory. Finally, we discuss whether the Lennard-Jones-38 cluster is metastable from the points of view of a mathematician and a chemical physicist, and make a connection with experimental works.

  10. Advanced multi-contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography for Doppler and polarization sensitive imaging.

    PubMed

    Ju, Myeong Jin; Hong, Young-Joo; Makita, Shuichi; Lim, Yiheng; Kurokawa, Kazuhiro; Duan, Lian; Miura, Masahiro; Tang, Shuo; Yasuno, Yoshiaki

    2013-08-12

    An advanced version of Jones matrix optical coherence tomography (JMT) is demonstrated for Doppler and polarization sensitive imaging of the posterior eye. JMT is capable of providing localized flow tomography by Doppler detection and investigating the birefringence property of tissue through a three-dimensional (3-D) Jones matrix measurement. Owing to an incident polarization multiplexing scheme based on passive optical components, this system is stable, safe in a clinical environment, and cost effective. Since the properties of this version of JMT provide intrinsic compensation for system imperfection, the system is easy to calibrate. Compared with the previous version of JMT, this advanced JMT achieves a sufficiently long depth measurement range for clinical cases of posterior eye disease. Furthermore, a fine spectral shift compensation method based on the cross-correlation of calibration signals was devised for stabilizing the phase of OCT, which enables a high sensitivity Doppler OCT measurement. In addition, a new theory of JMT which integrates the Jones matrix measurement, Doppler measurement, and scattering measurement is presented. This theory enables a sensitivity-enhanced scattering OCT and high-sensitivity Doppler OCT. These new features enable the application of this system to clinical cases. A healthy subject and a geographic atrophy patient were measured in vivo, and simultaneous imaging of choroidal vasculature and birefringence structures are demonstrated. PMID:23938857

  11. Tips of the trade #38. The Herbert screw in closed reduction and internal fixation of the Jones fracture.

    PubMed

    Traina, S M; McElhinney, J P

    1991-08-01

    A technique of using a cannulated Herbert screw is presented for addressing the troublesome Jones fracture. This closed intramedullary fixation technique allows early healing without many of the screw head problems encountered in the more traditional AO screw techniques.

  12. The Diffusion Model Is Not a Deterministic Growth Model: Comment on Jones and Dzhafarov (2014)

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Philip L.; Ratcliff, Roger; McKoon, Gail

    2015-01-01

    Jones and Dzhafarov (2014) claim that several current models of speeded decision making in cognitive tasks, including the diffusion model, can be viewed as special cases of other general models or model classes. The general models can be made to match any set of response time (RT) distribution and accuracy data exactly by a suitable choice of parameters and so are unfalsifiable. The implication of their claim is that models like the diffusion model are empirically testable only by artificially restricting them to exclude unfalsifiable instances of the general model. We show that Jones and Dzhafarov’s argument depends on enlarging the class of “diffusion” models to include models in which there is little or no diffusion. The unfalsifiable models are deterministic or near-deterministic growth models, from which the effects of within-trial variability have been removed or in which they are constrained to be negligible. These models attribute most or all of the variability in RT and accuracy to across-trial variability in the rate of evidence growth, which is permitted to be distributed arbitrarily and to vary freely across experimental conditions. In contrast, in the standard diffusion model, within-trial variability in evidence is the primary determinant of variability in RT. Across-trial variability, which determines the relative speed of correct responses and errors, is theoretically and empirically constrained. Jones and Dzhafarov’s attempt to include the diffusion model in a class of models that also includes deterministic growth models misrepresents and trivializes it and conveys a misleading picture of cognitive decision-making research. PMID:25347314

  13. Modified dust-acoustic waves in dusty plasma with Lennard-Jones potential

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qian, Y. Z.; Chen, H.; Yang, X. S.; Liu, S. Q.

    2015-10-01

    Dust-acoustic waves in a dusty plasma are investigated by solving the Vlasov equation including the effect of dust-dust interaction modeled by a Lennard-Jones-like potential. The latter contains a potential well and is applicable when thermionic or photo emission processes are important. It is shown that the excitation and linear dispersion of the dust-acoustic waves are strongly modified. In fact, the phase of the dust acoustic waves is shifted and a cut-off for the long-wavelength modes appears, leading to a purely growing instability.

  14. Saddles on the potential energy landscape of a Lennard-Jones liquid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Broderix, Kurt; Bhattacharya, Kamal K.; Cavagna, Andrea; Zippelius, Annette; Giardina, Irene

    2001-02-01

    By means of molecular dynamics simulations, we study the stationary points of the potential energy in a Lennard-Jones liquid, giving a purely geometric characterization of the energy landscape of the system. We find a linear relation between the degree of instability of the stationary points and their potential energy, and we locate the energy where the instability vanishes. This threshold energy marks the border between saddle-dominated and minima-dominated regions of the energy landscape. The temperature where the potential energy of the Stillinger-Weber minima becomes equal to the threshold energy turns out to be very close to the mode-coupling transition temperature Tc.

  15. Determination of iron: In the presence of chromium and titanium with the jones reductor

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Grimaldi, F.S.; Stevens, R.E.; Carron, M.K.

    1943-01-01

    Sulfuric acid solutions of titanous and chromous sulfates, obtained by passage through the Jones reductor, are oxidized by aeration for from 5 to 10 minutes in the presence of a trace of copper sulfate as a catalyst. Ferrous sulfate is essentially unoxidized and is titrated with permanganate after aeration. Best results are obtained by using 0.0003 millimole of copper sulfate in about 300 ml. of solution. Larger quantities of copper sulfate lead to slightly low results when both chromium and titanium are present.

  16. Ornithodoros peruvianus Kohls, Clifford & Jones (Ixodoidea: Argasidae) in Chile: a tentative diagnosis.

    PubMed

    Venzal, J; González-Acuña, Daniel; Mangold, A; Guglielmone, A

    2012-02-01

    Three argasid tick larvae were collected on April 2, 2010, from a common vampire bat, Desmodus rotundus, captured in the Parque Nacional Pan de Azúcar (26°09' S, 70°41' W), Region of Atacama, Chile. The larvae were diagnosed as Ornithodoros, and further comparative analysis showed them to be Ornithodoros peruvianus Kohls, Clifford & Jones or a species close to it. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S mitochondrial rRNA gene sequences of Ornithodoros species plus four Argas species was carried out to clarify the taxonomic position of the larvae. This is the first finding of ticks parasitizing D. rotundus in Chile. PMID:23950013

  17. Cumulant expansion and analytic continuation in Monte Carlo simulation of classical Lennard-Jones clusters.

    PubMed

    Kunikeev, Sharif D; Kim, Kwang S

    2012-11-01

    The Monte Carlo (MC) estimates of thermal averages are usually functions of system control parameters λ, such as temperature, volume, and interaction couplings. Given the MC average at a set of prescribed control parameters λ{0}, the problem of analytic continuation of the MC data to λ values in the neighborhood of λ{0} is considered in both classic and quantum domains. The key result is the theorem that links the differential properties of thermal averages to the higher order cumulants. The theorem and analytic continuation formulas expressed via higher order cumulants are numerically tested on the classical Lennard-Jones cluster system of N=13, 55, and 147 neon particles.

  18. "Smite this sleeping world awake": Edward Burne-Jones and "The legend of the briar rose".

    PubMed

    Rager, Andrea Wolk

    2009-01-01

    Challenging entrenched preconceptions about the supposed escapism and conservatism of Edward Burne-Jones's art, this paper seeks to establish his monumental painted series, "The Legend of the Briar Rose," as a fundamentally radical and confrontational work. Critics have long viewed it as an endorsement of sleepy stasis, antithetical to the political activism espoused by his friend William Morris. By unraveling the intertwining themes of the series -- the transformative dream vision, artistic labor, the decorative mode, and social egalitarianism -- the "Briar Rose" series is revealed instead to be dramatization of the struggle for personal, social, artistic, and even environmental awakening.

  19. Solubility Limits in Lennard-Jones Mixtures: Effects of Disparate Molecule Geometries

    PubMed Central

    Dyer, Kippi M.; Perkyns, John S.; Pettitt, B. Montgomery

    2016-01-01

    In order to better understand general effects of the size and energy disparities between macromolecules and solvent molecules in solution, especially for macromolecular constructs self-assembled from smaller molecules, we use the first- and second-order exact bridge diagram extensions of the HNC integral equation theory to investigate single-component, binary, ternary, and quaternary mixtures of Lennard-Jones fluids. For pure fluids, we find that the HNCH3 bridge function integral equation (i.e., exact to third order in density) is necessary to quantitatively predict the pure gas and pure liquid sides of the coexistence region of the phase diagram of the Lennard-Jones fluid. For the mixtures, we find that the HNCH2 bridge function integral equation is sufficient to qualitatively predict solubility in the binary, ternary, and quaternary mixtures, up to the nominal solubility limit. The results, as limiting cases, should be useful to several problems, including accurate phase diagram predictions for complex mixtures, design of self-assembling nanostructures via solvent controls, and the solvent contributions to the conformational behavior of macromolecules in complex fluids. PMID:25621892

  20. The potential energy landscape for crystallisation of a Lennard-Jones fluid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Souza, Vanessa K.; Wales, David J.

    2016-07-01

    Crystallisation pathways are explored by direct analysis of the potential energy landscape for a system of Lennard-Jones particles with periodic boundary conditions. A database of minima and transition states linking liquid and crystalline states is constructed using discrete path sampling and the entire potential energy landscape from liquid to crystal is visualised. We demonstrate that there is a strong negative correlation between the number of atoms in the largest crystalline cluster and the potential energy. In common with previous results we find a strong bias towards the growth of FCC rather than HCP clusters, despite a very small potential energy difference. We characterise three types of perfect crystals with very similar energies: pure FCC, pure HCP, and combinations of FCC and HCP layers. There are also many slightly defective crystalline structures. The effect of the simulation box is analysed for a supercell containing 864 atoms. There are low barriers between some of the different crystalline structures via pathways involving sliding layers, and many different defective structures with FCC layers stacked at an angle to the periodic box. Finally, we compare a binary Lennard-Jones system and visualise the potential energy landscape from supercooled liquid to crystal.

  1. Solubility Limits in Lennard-Jones Mixtures: Effects of Disparate Molecule Geometries.

    PubMed

    Dyer, Kippi M; Perkyns, John S; Pettitt, B Montgomery

    2015-07-23

    In order to better understand general effects of the size and energy disparities between macromolecules and solvent molecules in solution, especially for macromolecular constructs self-assembled from smaller molecules, we use the first- and second-order exact bridge diagram extensions of the HNC integral equation theory to investigate single-component, binary, ternary, and quaternary mixtures of Lennard-Jones fluids. For pure fluids, we find that the HNCH3 bridge function integral equation (i.e., exact to third order in density) is necessary to quantitatively predict the pure gas and pure liquid sides of the coexistence region of the phase diagram of the Lennard-Jones fluid. For the mixtures, we find that the HNCH2 bridge function integral equation is sufficient to qualitatively predict solubility in the binary, ternary, and quaternary mixtures, up to the nominal solubility limit. The results, as limiting cases, should be useful to several problems, including accurate phase diagram predictions for complex mixtures, design of self-assembling nanostructures via solvent controls, and the solvent contributions to the conformational behavior of macromolecules in complex fluids.

  2. Critical point estimation of the Lennard-Jones pure fluid and binary mixtures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pérez-Pellitero, Javier; Ungerer, Philippe; Orkoulas, Gerassimos; Mackie, Allan D.

    2006-08-01

    The apparent critical point of the pure fluid and binary mixtures interacting with the Lennard-Jones potential has been calculated using Monte Carlo histogram reweighting techniques combined with either a fourth order cumulant calculation (Binder parameter) or a mixed-field study. By extrapolating these finite system size results through a finite size scaling analysis we estimate the infinite system size critical point. Excellent agreement is found between all methodologies as well as previous works, both for the pure fluid and the binary mixture studied. The combination of the proposed cumulant method with the use of finite size scaling is found to present advantages with respect to the mixed-field analysis since no matching to the Ising universal distribution is required while maintaining the same statistical efficiency. In addition, the accurate estimation of the finite critical point becomes straightforward while the scaling of density and composition is also possible and allows for the estimation of the line of critical points for a Lennard-Jones mixture.

  3. Chorionic gonadotropin: a narrative of its identification and origin and the role of Georgeanna Seegar Jones.

    PubMed

    Jones, Howard W

    2007-01-01

    The following article on the history of human chorionic gonadotropin is interesting on several levels. I hope that you will enjoy the first-hand description of the events surrounding the discovery of site of origin of this important pregnancy-related hormone as told by Dr. Howard Jones Jr., husband of the late Georgeanna Seegar Jones. They were both editors of the SURVEY for more than 25 years. In today's world of microarray and PCR technology it is fun to hear about the progress of science using tissue culture and mouse assays. But this story is also about the progress we have made on the human level. At a time when well over 50% of the residents in Obstetrics and Gynecology are women, it is astounding to think that in 1938 Mom's name would have been listed as "G. Emory Seegar" on this important paper because it was felt that the paper would not be accepted for publication if one of the authors was a woman!

  4. Birefringence imaging of posterior eye by multi-functional Jones matrix optical coherence tomography.

    PubMed

    Sugiyama, Satoshi; Hong, Young-Joo; Kasaragod, Deepa; Makita, Shuichi; Uematsu, Sato; Ikuno, Yasushi; Miura, Masahiro; Yasuno, Yoshiaki

    2015-12-01

    A clinical grade prototype of posterior multifunctional Jones matrix optical coherence tomography (JM-OCT) is presented. This JM-OCT visualized depth-localized birefringence in addition to conventional cumulative phase retardation imaging through local Jones matrix analysis. In addition, it simultaneously provides a sensitivity enhanced scattering OCT, a quantitative polarization uniformity contrast, and OCT-based angiography. The probe beam is at 1-μm wavelength band. The measurement speed and the depth-resolution were 100,000 A-lines/s, and 6.6 μm in tissue, respectively. Normal and pathologic eyes are examined and several clinical features are revealed, which includes high birefringence in the choroid and lamina cribrosa, and birefringent layered structure of the sclera. The theoretical details of the depth-localized birefringence imaging and conventional phase retardation imaging are formulated. This formulation indicates that the birefringence imaging correctly measures a depth-localized single-trip phase retardation of a tissue, while the conventional phase retardation can provide correct single-trip phase retardation only for some specific types of samples. PMID:26713208

  5. Gait analysis in patients undergoing ACL reconstruction according to Kenneth Jones' technique.

    PubMed

    Bacchini, Massimo; Cademartiri, Carola; Soncini, Giovanni

    2009-08-01

    The anterior cruciate ligament is essential for knee stability, and its injury, both acute and in the case of chronic knee instability, promotes meniscal degenerative alterations, as well as the onset and progression of gonarthrosis. In this retrospective study, young adults engaged in nonprofessional sportive activities undergoing ACL reconstruction by the Kenneth-Jones technique were assessed clinically and with gait analysis, to detect any deficits persisting even after rehabilitation at a follow- up of approximately 6 months. Eight patients who had undergone elective ligament reconstruction by Kenneth-Jones were assessed between the 5th and 7th month postsurgery with clinical-anamnestic investigation, including the Hughston Clinic subjective knee questionnaire and by gait analysis with the EL.I.Te. system. Gait analysis showed a reduction of ACL protection mechanisms during initial stance; furthermore, the operated limb globally exhibited greater difficulty in muscle recruitment. Residual deficits in muscle recruitment, exposing the reconstructed ligament to possible injuries, persist after a rehabilitation program and after resuming ofpre-surgery activities, thus adjustment of the rehabilitative program on the basis of these findings is recommended.

  6. Idiopathic gingival fibromatosis associated with progressive hearing loss: A nonfamilial variant of Jones syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Gita, Bagavad; Chandrasekaran, Sajja; Manoharan, Prakash; Dembla, Garima

    2014-01-01

    Gingival fibromatosis is characterized by gingival tissue overgrowth of a firm and fibrotic nature. The growth is slow and progressive and is drug-induced, idiopathic, or hereditary in etiology. It occurs isolated or frequently as a component of various syndromes. Our patient presented with the complaint of gingival enlargement associated with progressive deafness, characteristic of Jones syndrome. This case report is important and unique since it is the first known one to have a Jones syndrome-like presentation without a family history. A male patient aged 14 years reported with the chief complaint of swelling of gums and progressive hearing loss in both ears for the past one year. There was no family history or history of drug intake. Enlargement was generalized, fibrotic and bulbous, involving the free and attached gingiva, extending up to the middle 1/3rd of the crown. Investigations such as pure tone audiogram, impedance audiometry, and Tone decay test concluded that there was severe right and moderate left sensorineural hearing loss. The case was diagnosed to be idiopathic, generalized gingival fibromatosis with progressive hearing loss. The gingival overgrowth was managed by gingivectomy and periodic review. The patient was advised to use high occlusion computer generated hearing aids for his deafness as it was not treatable by medicines or surgery. This unique case report once again emphasizes the heterogeneity of gingival fibromatosis, which can present in an atypical manner. PMID:24963260

  7. A comparison of molecular dynamics and diffuse interface model predictions of Lennard-Jones fluid evaporation

    SciTech Connect

    Barbante, Paolo; Frezzotti, Aldo; Gibelli, Livio

    2014-12-09

    The unsteady evaporation of a thin planar liquid film is studied by molecular dynamics simulations of Lennard-Jones fluid. The obtained results are compared with the predictions of a diffuse interface model in which capillary Korteweg contributions are added to hydrodynamic equations, in order to obtain a unified description of the liquid bulk, liquid-vapor interface and vapor region. Particular care has been taken in constructing a diffuse interface model matching the thermodynamic and transport properties of the Lennard-Jones fluid. The comparison of diffuse interface model and molecular dynamics results shows that, although good agreement is obtained in equilibrium conditions, remarkable deviations of diffuse interface model predictions from the reference molecular dynamics results are observed in the simulation of liquid film evaporation. It is also observed that molecular dynamics results are in good agreement with preliminary results obtained from a composite model which describes the liquid film by a standard hydrodynamic model and the vapor by the Boltzmann equation. The two mathematical model models are connected by kinetic boundary conditions assuming unit evaporation coefficient.

  8. The fish and fisheries of Jones Bank and the wider Celtic Sea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martinez, I.; Ellis, J. R.; Scott, B.; Tidd, A.

    2013-10-01

    The Celtic Sea is a diverse fishing ground that supports important commercial fisheries for a range of demersal fish, large and small-bodied pelagic fish and a variety of cephalopods and other shellfish. A regional overview of the main commercial fish stocks of the Celtic Sea and of the fish that occur in the vicinity of Jones Bank are provided through analyses of landings data from English and Welsh vessels, and from scientific trawl surveys. Dedicated smaller scale sampling via trawl surveys combined with baited cameras on and around the Jones Bank were also analysed to investigate the importance of sandbank habitats with attention paid to the differences in the species occurring on the top of the bank in comparison to adjacent off-bank habitats. Official landing statistics for UK (English and Welsh) vessels indicated that the predominant commercial demersal species in ICES Divisions VIIg,h (in terms of quantities landed) were anglerfish, megrim, pollack and skates (Rajidae). There were, however, regional differences in the distribution of fish and fisheries, and the area surrounding Jones Bank (ICES Rectangles 28E1 and 28E2) supports fisheries for megrim, anglerfish, skates, hake, ling and turbot, with otter trawl, gillnet and beam trawl the main gears used. Recent survey data collected with GOV (Grande Ouverture Verticale) trawl from the Celtic Sea (ICES Divisions VIIe-h, 2007-2010) were used to highlight the broad scale distribution of the main fish assemblages in the Celtic Sea. Analyses of the fish and cephalopod catches from these surveys indicated that there were four broad assemblages in the area, including (i) a region around the Cornwall (which will also be partly influenced by the necessity to use rockhopper ground gear on these rough grounds), (ii) the shallower regions of the north-western Celtic Sea (including parts of the Bristol Channel), (iii) the deeper parts of the outer shelf and (iv) the central Celtic Sea. These data also provided

  9. The Lion and the Lady Revisited: Another Look at the Firing of Mary L. Jones as Los Angeles Public Librarian in 1905.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiegand, Wayne A.

    1983-01-01

    Recounts events that led to the firing of Mary L. Jones, Director of Los Angeles Public Library (1905) and caught in public crossfire such figures as the mayor, city council, library board of directors, Charles Lummis (Jones's replacement), Susan B. Anthony, Anna Shaw, Herbert Putnam, and Melvil Dewey. (29 references) (EJS)

  10. Properties of the Lennard-Jones dimeric fluid in two dimensions: An integral equation study

    PubMed Central

    Urbic, Tomaz; Dias, Cristiano L.

    2014-01-01

    The thermodynamic and structural properties of the planar soft-sites dumbbell fluid are examined by Monte Carlo simulations and integral equation theory. The dimers are built of two Lennard-Jones segments. Site-site integral equation theory in two dimensions is used to calculate the site-site radial distribution functions for a range of elongations and densities and the results are compared with Monte Carlo simulations. The critical parameters for selected types of dimers were also estimated. We analyze the influence of the bond length on critical point as well as tested correctness of site-site integral equation theory with different closures. The integral equations can be used to predict the phase diagram of dimers whose molecular parameters are known. PMID:24606372

  11. Mesoscopic Hamiltonian for the fluctuations of adsorbed Lennard-Jones liquid films.

    PubMed

    Fernández, Eva M; Chacón, Enrique; MacDowell, Luis G; Tarazona, Pedro

    2015-06-01

    We use Monte Carlo simulations of a Lennard-Jones fluid adsorbed on a short-range planar wall substrate to study the fluctuations in the thickness of the wetting layer, and we get a quantitative and consistent characterization of their mesoscopic Hamiltonian, H[ξ]. We have observed important finite-size effects, which were hampering the analysis of previous results obtained with smaller systems. The results presented here support an appealing simple functional form for H[ξ], close but not exactly equal to the theoretical nonlocal proposal made on the basis a generic density-functional analysis by Parry and coworkers. We have analyzed systems under different wetting conditions, as a proof of principle for a method that provides a quantitative bridge between the molecular interactions and the phenomenology of wetting films at mesoscopic scales. PMID:26172722

  12. Platform for Manipulating Polarization Modes Realized with Jones Vectors in MATHEMATICA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choi, Yong-Dae; Kim, Bogyeong; Yun, Hee-Joong

    2015-06-01

    The fundamental conception in physics of the propagation of the electromagnetic wave polarization in matter is newly understood as the cardinal keyword in free-space quantum communication technology and cosmology in astrophysics. Interactive visualization of the propagation mechanism of polarized electromagnetism in a medium with its helicity has accordingly received attention from scientists exploiting the protocol of quantum key distribution (QKD) to guarantee unconditional security in cryptography communication. We have provided a dynamic polarization platform for presenting the polarization modes of a transverse electromagnetic wave, converting the state of polarization through the arrangement of optical elements, using Jones vectors calculations in Methematica. The platform graphically simulates the mechanism of production and propagation of the polarized waves in a medium while satisfying Maxwell's equations.

  13. Computing Freidlin's Cycles for the Overdamped Langevin Dynamics. Application to the Lennard-Jones-38 Cluster

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cameron, M. K.

    2013-08-01

    The large time behavior of a stochastic system with infinitesimally small noise can be described in terms of Freidlin's cycles. We show that if the system is gradient and the potential satisfies certain non-restrictive conditions, the hierarchy of cycles has a structure of a full binary tree, and each cycle is exited via the lowest saddle adjacent to it. Exploiting this property, we propose an algorithm for computing the asymptotic zero-temperature path and building a hierarchy of Freidlin's cycles associated with the transition process between two given local equilibria. This algorithm is suitable for systems with a complex potential energy landscape with numerous minima. We apply it to find the asymptotic zero-temperature path and Freidlin's cycles involved into the transition process between the two lowest minima of the Lennard-Jones cluster of 38 atoms. D. Wales's stochastic network of minima and transition states of this cluster is used as an input.

  14. Tetrahedral global minimum for the 98-atom Lennard-Jones cluster.

    PubMed

    Leary, R H; Doye, J P

    1999-12-01

    An unusual atomic cluster structure corresponding to the global minimum of the 98-atom Lennard-Jones cluster has been found using a variant of the basin-hopping global optimization algorithm. The structure has tetrahedral symmetry and an energy of -543.665 361 epsilon, which is 0.022 404 epsilon lower than the previous lowest-energy minimum. The LJ(98) structure is of particular interest because its tetrahedral symmetry establishes it as one of only three types of exception to the general pattern of icosahedral structural motifs for optimal LJ microclusters. Similar to the other exceptions the global minimum is difficult to find because it is at the bottom of a narrow funnel that only becomes thermodynamically most stable at low temperature. PMID:11970625

  15. Properties of the Lennard-Jones dimeric fluid in two dimensions: An integral equation study

    SciTech Connect

    Urbic, Tomaz; Dias, Cristiano L.

    2014-03-07

    The thermodynamic and structural properties of the planar soft-sites dumbbell fluid are examined by Monte Carlo simulations and integral equation theory. The dimers are built of two Lennard-Jones segments. Site-site integral equation theory in two dimensions is used to calculate the site-site radial distribution functions for a range of elongations and densities and the results are compared with Monte Carlo simulations. The critical parameters for selected types of dimers were also estimated. We analyze the influence of the bond length on critical point as well as tested correctness of site-site integral equation theory with different closures. The integral equations can be used to predict the phase diagram of dimers whose molecular parameters are known.

  16. Dynamics of vacancies in two-dimensional Lennard-Jones crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yao, Zhenwei; Olvera de La Cruz, Monica

    2015-03-01

    Vacancies represent an important class of crystallographic defects, and their behaviors can be strongly coupled with relevant material properties. We report the rich dynamics of vacancies in two-dimensional Lennard-Jones crystals in several thermodynamic states. Specifically, we numerically observe significantly faster diffusion of the 2-point vacancy with two missing particles in comparison with other types of vacancies; it opens the possibility of doping 2-point vacancies into atomic materials to enhance atomic migration. In addition, the resulting dislocations in the healing of a long vacancy suggest the intimate connection between vacancies and topological defects that may provide an extra dimension in the engineering of defects in extensive crystalline materials for desired properties. We thank the financial support from the U.S. Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology, the Office of the Director of Defense Research and Engineering (DDR&E) and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research.

  17. Vectorial platform for manipulating the polarization mode train realized with Jones vectors in Mathematica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Tae Wan; Yun, Hee-Joong

    2016-09-01

    A fundamental concept in physics of polarization propagation of electromagnetic waves is newly understood as a cardinal keyword in quantum cryptography transport technology and cosmology. Recently, interactive visualization of the propagation mechanism of polarized electromagnetism in a medium with helicity has received attention from scientists in the age of information and communication. This study presents a new dynamic polarization platform that manipulates the polarization mode train of a transverse electromagnetic wave by using calculations with Jones vectors in the symbolic program Mathematica. The train of polarization modes is converted continuously through a desirable lineup of optical elements in the platform. The platform simulates a propagation process that satisfies Maxwell's two vector equations precisely with helicity in the vectorial nature of the electromagnetic wave.

  18. Theoretical scheme for the shear viscosity of Lennard-Jones fluids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Robles, M.; Uruchurtu, L. I.

    2006-03-01

    We use the shear viscosity expression from the Enskog theory of dense gases in a perturbative scheme for the Lennard-Jones (LJ) fluid. This perturbative scheme is formulated by combining the analytic rational function approximation method of Bravo Yuste and Santos [Phys. Rev. A 43, 5418 (1991)] for the radial distribution function of hard-sphere fluids and the well known Mansoori-Canfield/Rasaiah-Stell perturbation theory to determine an effective diameter for the LJ fluid. The scheme is reliable on a wide range of temperatures and densities, and is very accurate around the critical point. Using this information, we build an accurate empirical formula for the shear viscosity in the liquid phase, which fits the recent data [K. Meier et al., J. Chem. Phys. 121, 3671 (2004)] in the whole simulation range.

  19. Cavitation and crystallization in a metastable Lennard-Jones liquid at negative pressures and low temperatures.

    PubMed

    Baidakov, Vladimir G; Bobrov, Konstantin S; Teterin, Aleksey S

    2011-08-01

    Molecular dynamics simulations have been used to investigate the kinetics of spontaneous cavitation and crystallization in a Lennard-Jones liquid at negative pressures in the temperature range where these processes compete with each other. The nucleation rate has been calculated in NVE and NpT ensembles by the method of mean lifetime and the transition interface sampling method with parallel path swapping. The data obtained have been used to determine in the framework of classical nucleation theory the value of the ratio of the solid-liquid and the liquid-void interfacial free energy for critical crystals and cavities and the values of their volumes at points where the cavitation rate of the liquid is equal to the rate of its crystallization. PMID:21823717

  20. John Jones, M.D.: pioneer, patriot, and founder of American surgery.

    PubMed

    Griesemer, Adam D; Widmann, Warren D; Forde, Kenneth A; Hardy, Mark A

    2010-04-01

    John Jones was a pioneer of American Surgery. Born in Long Island, New York in 1729, he received his medical degree in France from the University of Rheims. He returned to the colonies and helped to establish the medical school that would later become Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons where he was appointed the first Professor of Surgery in the New World. He used his position to assert that surgeons trained in America should be familiar with all facets of medicine and not be mere technicians. Before the outbreak of the American Revolution, he wrote a surgical field manual, which was the first medical text published in America. A believer in the principles of the American Revolution, he would go on to count Benjamin Franklin and George Washington as his patients. Despite achieving many firsts in American medicine, his influence on surgical training is his most enduring legacy.

  1. Phase diagram and universality of the Lennard-Jones gas-liquid system.

    PubMed

    Watanabe, Hiroshi; Ito, Nobuyasu; Hu, Chin-Kun

    2012-05-28

    The gas-liquid phase transition of the three-dimensional Lennard-Jones particles system is studied by molecular dynamics simulations. The gas and liquid densities in the coexisting state are determined with high accuracy. The critical point is determined by the block density analysis of the Binder parameter with the aid of the law of rectilinear diameter. From the critical behavior of the gas-liquid coexisting density, the critical exponent of the order parameter is estimated to be β = 0.3285(7). Surface tension is estimated from interface broadening behavior due to capillary waves. From the critical behavior of the surface tension, the critical exponent of the correlation length is estimated to be ν = 0.63(4). The obtained values of β and ν are consistent with those of the Ising universality class. PMID:22667535

  2. Shortcomings of the standard Lennard-Jones dispersion term in water models, studied with force matching.

    PubMed

    Nicolini, Paolo; Guàrdia, Elvira; Masia, Marco

    2013-11-14

    In this work, ab initio parametrization of water force field is used to get insights into the functional form of empirical potentials to properly model the physics underlying dispersion interactions. We exploited the force matching algorithm to fit the interaction forces obtained with dispersion corrected density functional theory based molecular dynamics simulations. We found that the standard Lennard-Jones interaction potentials poorly reproduce the attractive character of dispersion forces. This drawback can be resolved by accounting for the distinctive short range behavior of dispersion interactions, multiplying the r(-6) term by a damping function. We propose two novel parametrizations of the force field using different damping functions. Structural and dynamical properties of the new models are computed and compared with the ones obtained from the non-damped force field, showing an improved agreement with reference first principle calculations.

  3. Shortcomings of the standard Lennard-Jones dispersion term in water models, studied with force matching

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nicolini, Paolo; Guàrdia, Elvira; Masia, Marco

    2013-11-01

    In this work, ab initio parametrization of water force field is used to get insights into the functional form of empirical potentials to properly model the physics underlying dispersion interactions. We exploited the force matching algorithm to fit the interaction forces obtained with dispersion corrected density functional theory based molecular dynamics simulations. We found that the standard Lennard-Jones interaction potentials poorly reproduce the attractive character of dispersion forces. This drawback can be resolved by accounting for the distinctive short range behavior of dispersion interactions, multiplying the r-6 term by a damping function. We propose two novel parametrizations of the force field using different damping functions. Structural and dynamical properties of the new models are computed and compared with the ones obtained from the non-damped force field, showing an improved agreement with reference first principle calculations.

  4. Phase diagram and universality of the Lennard-Jones gas-liquid system.

    PubMed

    Watanabe, Hiroshi; Ito, Nobuyasu; Hu, Chin-Kun

    2012-05-28

    The gas-liquid phase transition of the three-dimensional Lennard-Jones particles system is studied by molecular dynamics simulations. The gas and liquid densities in the coexisting state are determined with high accuracy. The critical point is determined by the block density analysis of the Binder parameter with the aid of the law of rectilinear diameter. From the critical behavior of the gas-liquid coexisting density, the critical exponent of the order parameter is estimated to be β = 0.3285(7). Surface tension is estimated from interface broadening behavior due to capillary waves. From the critical behavior of the surface tension, the critical exponent of the correlation length is estimated to be ν = 0.63(4). The obtained values of β and ν are consistent with those of the Ising universality class.

  5. STS-98 MS Jones gets ready to drive an M-113 during TCDT

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, Fla. -- A smiling Thomas Jones, one of the mission specialists on STS-98, gets ready to take the driver'''s seat in an M-113 armored carrier, part of emergency egress training at Launch Pad 39A. In the event of an emergency at the pad prior to launch, the carrier could be used to transport the crew to a nearby bunker or farther. The STS-98 crew is at KSC to take part in Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test activities, which also includes a simulated launch countdown. STS-98 is the seventh construction flight to the International Space Station, carrying as payload the U.S. Lab Destiny, a key element in the construction of the ISS.

  6. Modelling of disjoining pressure for Lennard-Jones free thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peng, Tiefeng; Gao, Xuechao; Li, Qibin; Yang, Siyuan; Tang, Qizhong

    2016-03-01

    Development of disjoining pressure was performed to study the symmetric, Lennard-Jones (LJ) free thin films using molecular modelling. A methodology rooted from film thermodynamics was established to derive the disjoining pressure isotherm (Π - h), which is based on the surface tension at varied film thicknesses and can be viewed as a post-processing technique. The results showed that the disjoining pressure of LJ fluid is purely attractive. Compared with the complicated method reported previously, this methodology is demonstrated to be more convenient and readily applicable for other liquid films (e.g. water, aqueous thin films containing electrolyte or surfactants), meanwhile it can be applied at both low and high temperatures.

  7. Preliminary report on the Jones, Ellison, Slocum (JES) repair for symptomatic anterior cruciate deficient knees.

    PubMed

    Ritter, M A; Leaming, E S; McCarroll, J R

    1983-01-01

    A modified Jones intraarticular anterior cruciate reconstruction was combined with a distal iliotibial band transfer (Ellison) and a pes anserinus transfer (Slocum) for patients with symptomatic anterior cruciate deficient knees. The procedure was performed on 15 young (average age, 22.5 years) athletes, in a single operation through a long, straight, anterior, midline incision. Preoperatively, all 15 patients (15 knees) had symptomatic instability and all but one had a positive pivot shift. At follow up (averaging 39 month range 24-60 months) 13 (93%) had the pivot shift eliminated and only one, with 36 months followup, had instability on return to sports. Postoperatively, patients were immobilized 3 weeks and then were started on a physical therapy program which ended in return to sports at 1 year.

  8. On the establishment of thermal diffusion in binary Lennard-Jones liquids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferrario, M.; Bonella, S.; Ciccotti, G.

    2016-07-01

    The establishment of thermal diffusion in an Ar-Kr Lennard-Jones mixture is investigated via dynamical non equilibrium molecular dynamics [G. Ciccotti, G. Jacucci, Phys. Rev. Lett. 35, 789 (1975)]. We observe, in particular, the evolution of the density and temperature fields of the system following the onset of the thermal gradient. In stationary conditions, we also compute the Soret coefficient of the mixture. This study confirms that dynamical non equilibrium molecular dynamics is an effective tool to gather information on transient phenomena, even though the full evolution of the mass and energy fluxes associated to the temperature and density fields requires, in this case, a more substantial numerical effort than the one employed here.

  9. L to R: STS-98 Mission Specialist Thomas Jones, Pilot Mark Polansky, and Commander Kenneth Cockrell

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    L to R: STS-98 Mission Specialist Thomas Jones, Pilot Mark Polansky, and Commander Kenneth Cockrell greet STS-92 Commander Brian Duffy, Dryden Center Director Kevin Petersen, and AFFTC Commander Major General Richard Reynolds after landing on the runway at Edwards Air Force Base, California, where NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center is located. Space Shuttle Atlantis landed at 12:33 p.m. February 20, 2001, on the runway at Edwards Air Force Base, California, where NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center is located. The mission, which began February 7, logged 5.3 million miles as the shuttle orbited earth while delivering the Destiny science laboratory to the International Space Station. Inclement weather conditions in Florida prompted the decision to land Atlantis at Edwards. The last time a space shuttle landed at Edwards was Oct. 24, 2000.

  10. Relativistic kinematics formulation of the polarization effects of Jones-Mueller matrices.

    PubMed

    Franssens, Ghislain R

    2015-02-01

    The polarization of a partially coherent, transverse electric, electromagnetic plane wave is commonly represented by a Stokes vector. The similarity between Stokes vectors and four-momentum vectors in special relativity (SR) is studied in depth. The set of Stokes vectors naturally possesses a Euclidean and a Lorentzian geometry. The latter is used to express the polarization-altering properties of Jones-Mueller matrices in a simple and elegant way. In particular, it is shown that the action of a diattenuator on a Stokes vector can be understood in terms of the addition law for velocities from SR. An important simplification in the resulting mathematical expressions further arises if the degree of polarization of a Stokes vector is represented by a hyperbolic polarization angle. This then allows us to demonstrate that the output hyperbolic polarization angle is related to a diattenuator hyperbolic polarization angle and the input hyperbolic polarization angle by the hyperbolic law of cosines holding in a hyperbolic triangle.

  11. Clustering of Lennard-Jones particles in water: temperature and pressure effects.

    PubMed

    Ferrara, Gastón; McCarthy, Andrés N; Grigera, J Raúl

    2007-09-14

    While the hydrophobic effect is, for many systems, one of the most relevant interactions, it may be said that in the case of biological systems this effect becomes of determinant importance. Although the matter has been analyzed extensively, certain aspects are yet to be elucidated. Hence, the study on the behavior of the hydrophobic effect with temperature, and particularly with pressure deserves further investigation; model systems may help us in the task. We have analyzed the behavior of Lennard-Jones particles in water by means of molecular dynamics simulation under different conditions of size, concentration, temperature, and pressure. Following the formation of particle aggregates we can observe an increase of the hydrophobic effect with temperature and a strong weakening of the effect at high pressures. The results agree with the experimental evidence and show the ability of molecular dynamics simulation to account for the behavior of nonpolar substances under different conditions, provided that the intermolecular interactions used are adequate.

  12. Converting nitrogen into protein--beyond 6.25 and Jones' factors.

    PubMed

    Mariotti, François; Tomé, Daniel; Mirand, Philippe Patureau

    2008-02-01

    The protein content in foodstuffs is estimated by multiplying the determined nitrogen content by a nitrogen-to-protein conversion factor. Jones' factors for a series of foodstuffs, including 6.25 as the standard, default conversion factor, have now been used for 75 years. This review provides a brief history of these factors and their underlying paradigm, with an insight into what is meant by "protein." We also review other compelling data on specific conversion factors which may have been overlooked. On the one hand, when 6.25 is used irrespective of the foodstuff, "protein" is simply nitrogen expressed using a different unit and says little about protein (s.s.). On the other hand, conversion factors specific to foodstuffs, such as those provided by Jones, are scientifically flawed. However, the nitrogen:protein ratio does vary according to the foodstuff considered. Therefore, from a scientific point of view, it would be reasonable not to apply current specific factors any longer, but they have continued to be used because scientists fear opening the Pandora's box. But because conversion factors are critical to enabling the simple conversion of determined nitrogen values into protein values and thus accurately evaluating the quantity and the quality of protein in foodstuffs, we propose a set of specific conversion factors for different foodstuffs, together with a default conversion factor (5.6). This would be far more accurate and scientifically sound, and preferable when specifically expressing nitrogen as protein. These factors are of particular importance when "protein" basically means "amino acids," this being the principal nutritional viewpoint.

  13. Choosing a Model of Sentence Picture Comparisons: A Reply to Catlin and Jones. Technical Report No. 81.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shoben, Edward J.

    In a recent note, Catlin and Jones (1976) argued that the sentence picture comparison model of Carpenter and Just (1975) could not account for the results obtained in studies where the picture preceded the sentence. In the present note, it is argued that the model can handle the results without adding additional parameters and that the Carpenter…

  14. Comment on Cross, Fine, Jones, and Walsh (2012): Good Therapeutic Services--Therapeutic Advocacy and Forensic Neutrality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connell, Mary

    2012-01-01

    Cross, Fine, Jones, and Walsh (2012) provided a thoughtful review and critique of a book chapter describing the interview process at Child Advocacy Centers. They observed some of the ways that concerns raised in that chapter are being addressed and described revised guidelines that further clarify issues. Ongoing research and examination of the…

  15. 33 CFR 165.159 - Safety Zone: New York Air Show at Jones Beach State Park, Wantagh, NY.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... following waters of the Atlantic Ocean off of Jones Beach State Park, Wantagh, NY are designated a safety... position 40°35′49″ N, 073°28′47″ W; then running south to a position in the Atlantic Ocean off of...

  16. Creating a Classroom of Inquiry at the University of California at Berkeley: The Harold E. Jones Child Study Center

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scales, Barbara; Perry, Jane; Tracy, Rebecca

    2012-01-01

    Research Findings: Three former teaching colleagues at the University of California's Harold E. Jones Child Study Center discuss an interpretative approach to child observation and assessment and how this approach was developed (1970s-2005) within this lab school's early childhood education setting. With teaching practice shaped and driven by a…

  17. Conceptual, Methodological, and Empirical Ambiguities in the Linkage between Anger and Approach: Comment on Carver and Harmon-Jones (2009)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomarken, Andrew J.; Zald, David H.

    2009-01-01

    C. S. Carver and E. Harmon-Jones have made an important contribution to the understanding of anger, its linkage to higher order dimensions of emotion, and potential neurobiological substrates. The authors believe, however, that their model and future research conducted to test it would be improved by a more precise explication and parsing of the…

  18. Elizabeth Jones Library, Final Performance Report for Library Services and Construction Act (LSCA) Title VI, Library Literacy Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Valinda C.

    This final performance report for the Elizabeth Jones Library literacy project begins with a section that provides quantitative data. The next section compares actual accomplishments to the following project goals and related objectives for fiscal year 1992: (1) to provide a versatile workplace literacy program useful to any business in the…

  19. Excess entropy and crystallization in Stillinger-Weber and Lennard-Jones fluids

    SciTech Connect

    Dhabal, Debdas; Chakravarty, Charusita; Nguyen, Andrew Huy; Molinero, Valeria; Singh, Murari; Khatua, Prabir; Bandyopadhyay, Sanjoy

    2015-10-28

    Molecular dynamics simulations are used to contrast the supercooling and crystallization behaviour of monatomic liquids that exemplify the transition from simple to anomalous, tetrahedral liquids. As examples of simple fluids, we use the Lennard-Jones (LJ) liquid and a pair-dominated Stillinger-Weber liquid (SW{sub 16}). As examples of tetrahedral, water-like fluids, we use the Stillinger-Weber model with variable tetrahedrality parameterized for germanium (SW{sub 20}), silicon (SW{sub 21}), and water (SW{sub 23.15} or mW model). The thermodynamic response functions show clear qualitative differences between simple and water-like liquids. For simple liquids, the compressibility and the heat capacity remain small on isobaric cooling. The tetrahedral liquids in contrast show a very sharp rise in these two response functions as the lower limit of liquid-phase stability is reached. While the thermal expansivity decreases with temperature but never crosses zero in simple liquids, in all three tetrahedral liquids at the studied pressure, there is a temperature of maximum density below which thermal expansivity is negative. In contrast to the thermodynamic response functions, the excess entropy on isobaric cooling does not show qualitatively different features for simple and water-like liquids; however, the slope and curvature of the entropy-temperature plots reflect the heat capacity trends. Two trajectory-based computational estimation methods for the entropy and the heat capacity are compared for possible structural insights into supercooling, with the entropy obtained from thermodynamic integration. The two-phase thermodynamic estimator for the excess entropy proves to be fairly accurate in comparison to the excess entropy values obtained by thermodynamic integration, for all five Lennard-Jones and Stillinger-Weber liquids. The entropy estimator based on the multiparticle correlation expansion that accounts for both pair and triplet correlations, denoted by S{sub trip

  20. Epibenthic assemblages in the Celtic Sea and associated with the Jones Bank

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ellis, J. R.; Martinez, I.; Burt, G. J.; Scott, B. E.

    2013-10-01

    The epibenthic assemblages in the Celtic Sea are described from the catches from 2 m beam trawl surveys undertaken from 2000 to 2009. During this period 154 samples were collected. The most ubiquitous species in the study area were the natantid shrimps Processa spp. and Crangon allmanni, the hermit crabs Pagurus prideaux and Anapagurus laevis, sand star Astropecten irregularis and spotted dragonet Callionymus maculatus. Multivariate community analyses indicated that catches (numbers per tow) were distributed across six assemblages, two of which were predominant in the study area. Most catches were attributed to either a 'shelf edge assemblage', which was widespread in deeper waters (114-423 m water depth) or an 'outer shelf assemblage' that occurred across much of the Celtic Sea north of 49°N in waters 49-175 m deep. The dominant species along the edge of the continental shelf were the hormathid anemome Actinauge richardi, sea spider Pycnogonum littorale (which associated with A. richardi), Devonshire cup coral Caryophyllia smithii and the swimming crab Macropipus tuberculatus. The dominant species in the outer shelf assemblage included P. prideaux, C. allmanni, A. laevis and common starfish Asterias rubens. Stations closer to shore were relatively distinct and catches in this 'inner shelf assemblage' were composed primarily of an inshore fauna (e.g. Ophiura ophiura, C. allmanni and Liocarcinus holsatus). Stations in the southern part of the survey grid were also relatively distinct ('southern Celtic Sea assemblage'), and several large echinoderms (Porania pulvillus, Stichastrella rosea and Anseropoda placenta) dominated at these sites. Three of the deepest stations were also relatively distinct, as were a group of stations in the muddy habitat of the Celtic Deep and comparable grounds elsewhere in the region, where Nucula sulcata and Alpheus glaber were characteristic. Catches on the shallower parts of the Jones Bank (and on another bank in the region) were

  1. Excess entropy and crystallization in Stillinger-Weber and Lennard-Jones fluids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dhabal, Debdas; Nguyen, Andrew Huy; Singh, Murari; Khatua, Prabir; Molinero, Valeria; Bandyopadhyay, Sanjoy; Chakravarty, Charusita

    2015-10-01

    Molecular dynamics simulations are used to contrast the supercooling and crystallization behaviour of monatomic liquids that exemplify the transition from simple to anomalous, tetrahedral liquids. As examples of simple fluids, we use the Lennard-Jones (LJ) liquid and a pair-dominated Stillinger-Weber liquid (SW16). As examples of tetrahedral, water-like fluids, we use the Stillinger-Weber model with variable tetrahedrality parameterized for germanium (SW20), silicon (SW21), and water (SW23.15 or mW model). The thermodynamic response functions show clear qualitative differences between simple and water-like liquids. For simple liquids, the compressibility and the heat capacity remain small on isobaric cooling. The tetrahedral liquids in contrast show a very sharp rise in these two response functions as the lower limit of liquid-phase stability is reached. While the thermal expansivity decreases with temperature but never crosses zero in simple liquids, in all three tetrahedral liquids at the studied pressure, there is a temperature of maximum density below which thermal expansivity is negative. In contrast to the thermodynamic response functions, the excess entropy on isobaric cooling does not show qualitatively different features for simple and water-like liquids; however, the slope and curvature of the entropy-temperature plots reflect the heat capacity trends. Two trajectory-based computational estimation methods for the entropy and the heat capacity are compared for possible structural insights into supercooling, with the entropy obtained from thermodynamic integration. The two-phase thermodynamic estimator for the excess entropy proves to be fairly accurate in comparison to the excess entropy values obtained by thermodynamic integration, for all five Lennard-Jones and Stillinger-Weber liquids. The entropy estimator based on the multiparticle correlation expansion that accounts for both pair and triplet correlations, denoted by Strip, is also studied. Strip is a

  2. A study of the static yield stress in a binary Lennard-Jones glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Varnik, F.; Bocquet, L.; Barrat, J.-L.

    2004-02-01

    The stress-strain relations and the yield behavior of a model glass (a 80:20 binary Lennard-Jones mixture) [W. Kob and H. C. Andersen, Phys. Rev. E 52, 4134 (1995)] is studied by means of molecular dynamics simulations. In a previous paper [F. Varnik, L. Bocquet, J.-L. Barrat, and L. Berthier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 095702 (2003)] it was shown that, at temperatures below the glass transition temperature, Tg, the model exhibits shear banding under imposed shear. It was also suggested that this behavior is closely related to the existence of a (static) yield stress (under applied stress, the system does not flow until the stress σ exceeds a threshold value σy). A thorough analysis of the static yield stress is presented via simulations under imposed stress. Furthermore, using steady shear simulations, the effect of physical aging, shear rate and temperature on the stress-strain relation is investigated. In particular, we find that the stress at the yield point (the "peak"-value of the stress-strain curve) exhibits a logarithmic dependence both on the imposed shear rate and on the "age" of the system in qualitative agreement with experiments on amorphous polymers [C. Ho Huu and T. Vu-Khanh, Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics 40, 75 (2003); L. E. Govaert, H. G. H. van Melick, and H. E. H. Meijer, Polymer 42, 1271 (2001)] and on metallic glasses [W. L. Johnson, J. Lu, and M. D. Demetriou, Intermetallics 10, 1039 (2002)]. In addition to the very observation of the yield stress which is an important feature seen in experiments on complex systems like pastes, dense colloidal suspensions [F. Da Cruz, F. Chevoir, D. Bonn, and P. Coussot, Phys. Rev. E 66, 051305 (2002)] and foams [G. Debrégeas, H. Tabuteau, and J.-M. di Meglio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 178305 (2001)], further links between our model and soft glassy materials are found. An example is the existence of hysteresis loops in the system response to a varying imposed stress. Finally, we measure the static yield

  3. A Hybrid Vehicle Detection Method Based on Viola-Jones and HOG + SVM from UAV Images.

    PubMed

    Xu, Yongzheng; Yu, Guizhen; Wang, Yunpeng; Wu, Xinkai; Ma, Yalong

    2016-08-19

    A new hybrid vehicle detection scheme which integrates the Viola-Jones (V-J) and linear SVM classifier with HOG feature (HOG + SVM) methods is proposed for vehicle detection from low-altitude unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) images. As both V-J and HOG + SVM are sensitive to on-road vehicles' in-plane rotation, the proposed scheme first adopts a roadway orientation adjustment method, which rotates each UAV image to align the roads with the horizontal direction so the original V-J or HOG + SVM method can be directly applied to achieve fast detection and high accuracy. To address the issue of descending detection speed for V-J and HOG + SVM, the proposed scheme further develops an adaptive switching strategy which sophistically integrates V-J and HOG + SVM methods based on their different descending trends of detection speed to improve detection efficiency. A comprehensive evaluation shows that the switching strategy, combined with the road orientation adjustment method, can significantly improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the vehicle detection from UAV images. The results also show that the proposed vehicle detection method is competitive compared with other existing vehicle detection methods. Furthermore, since the proposed vehicle detection method can be performed on videos captured from moving UAV platforms without the need of image registration or additional road database, it has great potentials of field applications. Future research will be focusing on expanding the current method for detecting other transportation modes such as buses, trucks, motors, bicycles, and pedestrians.

  4. A Hybrid Vehicle Detection Method Based on Viola-Jones and HOG + SVM from UAV Images

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Yongzheng; Yu, Guizhen; Wang, Yunpeng; Wu, Xinkai; Ma, Yalong

    2016-01-01

    A new hybrid vehicle detection scheme which integrates the Viola-Jones (V-J) and linear SVM classifier with HOG feature (HOG + SVM) methods is proposed for vehicle detection from low-altitude unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) images. As both V-J and HOG + SVM are sensitive to on-road vehicles’ in-plane rotation, the proposed scheme first adopts a roadway orientation adjustment method, which rotates each UAV image to align the roads with the horizontal direction so the original V-J or HOG + SVM method can be directly applied to achieve fast detection and high accuracy. To address the issue of descending detection speed for V-J and HOG + SVM, the proposed scheme further develops an adaptive switching strategy which sophistically integrates V-J and HOG + SVM methods based on their different descending trends of detection speed to improve detection efficiency. A comprehensive evaluation shows that the switching strategy, combined with the road orientation adjustment method, can significantly improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the vehicle detection from UAV images. The results also show that the proposed vehicle detection method is competitive compared with other existing vehicle detection methods. Furthermore, since the proposed vehicle detection method can be performed on videos captured from moving UAV platforms without the need of image registration or additional road database, it has great potentials of field applications. Future research will be focusing on expanding the current method for detecting other transportation modes such as buses, trucks, motors, bicycles, and pedestrians. PMID:27548179

  5. A Hybrid Vehicle Detection Method Based on Viola-Jones and HOG + SVM from UAV Images.

    PubMed

    Xu, Yongzheng; Yu, Guizhen; Wang, Yunpeng; Wu, Xinkai; Ma, Yalong

    2016-01-01

    A new hybrid vehicle detection scheme which integrates the Viola-Jones (V-J) and linear SVM classifier with HOG feature (HOG + SVM) methods is proposed for vehicle detection from low-altitude unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) images. As both V-J and HOG + SVM are sensitive to on-road vehicles' in-plane rotation, the proposed scheme first adopts a roadway orientation adjustment method, which rotates each UAV image to align the roads with the horizontal direction so the original V-J or HOG + SVM method can be directly applied to achieve fast detection and high accuracy. To address the issue of descending detection speed for V-J and HOG + SVM, the proposed scheme further develops an adaptive switching strategy which sophistically integrates V-J and HOG + SVM methods based on their different descending trends of detection speed to improve detection efficiency. A comprehensive evaluation shows that the switching strategy, combined with the road orientation adjustment method, can significantly improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the vehicle detection from UAV images. The results also show that the proposed vehicle detection method is competitive compared with other existing vehicle detection methods. Furthermore, since the proposed vehicle detection method can be performed on videos captured from moving UAV platforms without the need of image registration or additional road database, it has great potentials of field applications. Future research will be focusing on expanding the current method for detecting other transportation modes such as buses, trucks, motors, bicycles, and pedestrians. PMID:27548179

  6. A Jones matrix formalism for simulating three-dimensional polarized light imaging of brain tissue.

    PubMed

    Menzel, M; Michielsen, K; De Raedt, H; Reckfort, J; Amunts, K; Axer, M

    2015-10-01

    The neuroimaging technique three-dimensional polarized light imaging (3D-PLI) provides a high-resolution reconstruction of nerve fibres in human post-mortem brains. The orientations of the fibres are derived from birefringence measurements of histological brain sections assuming that the nerve fibres—consisting of an axon and a surrounding myelin sheath—are uniaxial birefringent and that the measured optic axis is oriented in the direction of the nerve fibres (macroscopic model). Although experimental studies support this assumption, the molecular structure of the myelin sheath suggests that the birefringence of a nerve fibre can be described more precisely by multiple optic axes oriented radially around the fibre axis (microscopic model). In this paper, we compare the use of the macroscopic and the microscopic model for simulating 3D-PLI by means of the Jones matrix formalism. The simulations show that the macroscopic model ensures a reliable estimation of the fibre orientations as long as the polarimeter does not resolve structures smaller than the diameter of single fibres. In the case of fibre bundles, polarimeters with even higher resolutions can be used without losing reliability. When taking the myelin density into account, the derived fibre orientations are considerably improved. PMID:26446561

  7. Essential oil composition of valeriana jatamansi jones from himalayan regions of India.

    PubMed

    Raina, Archana P; Negi, K S

    2015-01-01

    Valeriana jatamansi Jones germplasm collected from sub-temperate Himalayan region of Uttarakhand and North-East state of Meghalaya, India was evaluated under identical conditions at National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Bhowali, India, to study germplasm diversity based on essential oil composition. Twenty one compounds were identified in V. jatamansi root oil by GC and GC-MS. The major compounds identified were patchouli alcohol (0.4-63.7%), maaliol (2.9-53.8%), seychellene (4.1-27.4%), calarene/ß-gurjunene (3.0-20.8%), α-santalene (0.6-12.0%). Other compounds present were bornyl acetate (0.6-1.5%), α-guaiene (0.7-2.3%), α-bulnesene/δ-guaiene (0.7-6.3%), 7-epi-α-selinene (0.4-1.4%), kessane (2.1-3.3%), spathulenol (0.7-3.4%), viridiflorol (0.9-7.1%), α-patchoulene (0.8-6.6%), ß-patchoulene (0.4-0.8%). Two superior chemotypes identified in V. jatamansi oil from Uttarakhand were: patchouli alcohol rich (IC573221, 63.7%) and maaliol rich (IC573222, 53.8%; IC589096, 51.7%), while accession from north-east was patchouli alcohol rich chemotype (IC574522, 57.2%). These superior chemotypes with higher amounts of patchouli alcohol and maaliol could be used for promoting cultivation as well as for meeting need of pharmaceutical industries. PMID:26009656

  8. A Jones matrix formalism for simulating three-dimensional polarized light imaging of brain tissue

    PubMed Central

    Menzel, M.; Michielsen, K.; De Raedt, H.; Reckfort, J.; Amunts, K.; Axer, M.

    2015-01-01

    The neuroimaging technique three-dimensional polarized light imaging (3D-PLI) provides a high-resolution reconstruction of nerve fibres in human post-mortem brains. The orientations of the fibres are derived from birefringence measurements of histological brain sections assuming that the nerve fibres—consisting of an axon and a surrounding myelin sheath—are uniaxial birefringent and that the measured optic axis is oriented in the direction of the nerve fibres (macroscopic model). Although experimental studies support this assumption, the molecular structure of the myelin sheath suggests that the birefringence of a nerve fibre can be described more precisely by multiple optic axes oriented radially around the fibre axis (microscopic model). In this paper, we compare the use of the macroscopic and the microscopic model for simulating 3D-PLI by means of the Jones matrix formalism. The simulations show that the macroscopic model ensures a reliable estimation of the fibre orientations as long as the polarimeter does not resolve structures smaller than the diameter of single fibres. In the case of fibre bundles, polarimeters with even higher resolutions can be used without losing reliability. When taking the myelin density into account, the derived fibre orientations are considerably improved. PMID:26446561

  9. Effect of Size Polydispersity on the Nature of Lennard-Jones Liquids.

    PubMed

    Ingebrigtsen, Trond S; Tanaka, Hajime

    2015-08-27

    Polydisperse fluids are encountered everywhere in biological and industrial processes. These fluids naturally show a rich phenomenology exhibiting fractionation and shifts in critical point and freezing temperatures. We study here the effect of size polydispersity on the basic nature of Lennard-Jones (LJ) liquids, which represent most molecular liquids without hydrogen bonds, via two- and three-dimensional molecular dynamics computer simulations. A single-component liquid constituting spherical particles and interacting via the LJ potential is known to exhibit strong correlations between virial and potential energy equilibrium fluctuations at constant volume. This correlation significantly simplifies the physical description of the liquid, and these liquids are now known as Roskilde-simple (RS) liquids. We show that this simple nature of the single-component LJ liquid is preserved even for very high polydispersities (above 40% polydispersity for the studied uniform distribution). We also investigate isomorphs of moderately polydisperse LJ liquids. Isomorphs are curves in the phase diagram of RS liquids along which structure, dynamics, and some thermodynamic quantities are invariant in dimensionless units. We find that isomorphs are a good approximation even for polydisperse LJ liquids. The theory of isomorphs thus extends readily to size polydisperse fluids and can be used to improve even further the understanding of these intriguing systems. PMID:26069998

  10. Enhancement of the droplet nucleation in a dense supersaturated Lennard-Jones vapor.

    PubMed

    Zhukhovitskii, D I

    2016-05-14

    The vapor-liquid nucleation in a dense Lennard-Jones system is studied analytically and numerically. A solution of the nucleation kinetic equations, which includes the elementary processes of condensation/evaporation involving the lightest clusters, is obtained, and the nucleation rate is calculated. Based on the equation of state for the cluster vapor, the pre-exponential factor is obtained. The latter diverges as a spinodal is reached, which results in the nucleation enhancement. The work of critical cluster formation is calculated using the previously developed two-parameter model (TPM) of small clusters. A simple expression for the nucleation rate is deduced and it is shown that the work of cluster formation is reduced for a dense vapor. This results in the nucleation enhancement as well. To verify the TPM, a simulation is performed that mimics a steady-state nucleation experiments in the thermal diffusion cloud chamber. The nucleating vapor with and without a carrier gas is simulated using two different thermostats for the monomers and clusters. The TPM proves to match the simulation results of this work and of other studies.

  11. Relativistic kinematics formulation of the polarization effects of Jones-Mueller matrices.

    PubMed

    Franssens, Ghislain R

    2015-02-01

    The polarization of a partially coherent, transverse electric, electromagnetic plane wave is commonly represented by a Stokes vector. The similarity between Stokes vectors and four-momentum vectors in special relativity (SR) is studied in depth. The set of Stokes vectors naturally possesses a Euclidean and a Lorentzian geometry. The latter is used to express the polarization-altering properties of Jones-Mueller matrices in a simple and elegant way. In particular, it is shown that the action of a diattenuator on a Stokes vector can be understood in terms of the addition law for velocities from SR. An important simplification in the resulting mathematical expressions further arises if the degree of polarization of a Stokes vector is represented by a hyperbolic polarization angle. This then allows us to demonstrate that the output hyperbolic polarization angle is related to a diattenuator hyperbolic polarization angle and the input hyperbolic polarization angle by the hyperbolic law of cosines holding in a hyperbolic triangle. PMID:26366587

  12. Nucleation of liquid droplets and voids in a stretched Lennard-Jones fcc crystal

    SciTech Connect

    Baidakov, Vladimir G. Tipeev, Azat O.

    2015-09-28

    The method of molecular dynamics simulation has been used to investigate the phase decay of a metastable Lennard-Jones face-centered cubic crystal at positive and negative pressures. It is shown that at high degrees of metastability, crystal decay proceeds through the spontaneous formation and growth of new-phase nuclei. It has been found that there exists a certain boundary temperature. Below this temperature, the crystal phase disintegrates as the result of formation of voids, and above, as a result of formation of liquid droplets. The boundary temperature corresponds to the temperature of cessation of a crystal–liquid phase equilibrium when the melting line comes in contact with the spinodal of the stretched liquid. The results of the simulations are interpreted in the framework of classical nucleation theory. The thermodynamics of phase transitions in solids has been examined with allowance for the elastic energy of stresses arising owing to the difference in the densities of the initial and the forming phases. As a result of the action of elastic forces, at negative pressures, the boundary of the limiting superheating (stretching) of a crystal approaches the spinodal, on which the isothermal bulk modulus of dilatation becomes equal to zero. At the boundary of the limiting superheating (stretching), the shape of liquid droplets and voids is close to the spherical one.

  13. Nucleation of liquid droplets and voids in a stretched Lennard-Jones fcc crystal.

    PubMed

    Baidakov, Vladimir G; Tipeev, Azat O

    2015-09-28

    The method of molecular dynamics simulation has been used to investigate the phase decay of a metastable Lennard-Jones face-centered cubic crystal at positive and negative pressures. It is shown that at high degrees of metastability, crystal decay proceeds through the spontaneous formation and growth of new-phase nuclei. It has been found that there exists a certain boundary temperature. Below this temperature, the crystal phase disintegrates as the result of formation of voids, and above, as a result of formation of liquid droplets. The boundary temperature corresponds to the temperature of cessation of a crystal-liquid phase equilibrium when the melting line comes in contact with the spinodal of the stretched liquid. The results of the simulations are interpreted in the framework of classical nucleation theory. The thermodynamics of phase transitions in solids has been examined with allowance for the elastic energy of stresses arising owing to the difference in the densities of the initial and the forming phases. As a result of the action of elastic forces, at negative pressures, the boundary of the limiting superheating (stretching) of a crystal approaches the spinodal, on which the isothermal bulk modulus of dilatation becomes equal to zero. At the boundary of the limiting superheating (stretching), the shape of liquid droplets and voids is close to the spherical one.

  14. Single-site Lennard-Jones models via polynomial chaos surrogates of Monte Carlo molecular simulation.

    PubMed

    Kadoura, Ahmad; Siripatana, Adil; Sun, Shuyu; Knio, Omar; Hoteit, Ibrahim

    2016-06-01

    In this work, two Polynomial Chaos (PC) surrogates were generated to reproduce Monte Carlo (MC) molecular simulation results of the canonical (single-phase) and the NVT-Gibbs (two-phase) ensembles for a system of normalized structureless Lennard-Jones (LJ) particles. The main advantage of such surrogates, once generated, is the capability of accurately computing the needed thermodynamic quantities in a few seconds, thus efficiently replacing the computationally expensive MC molecular simulations. Benefiting from the tremendous computational time reduction, the PC surrogates were used to conduct large-scale optimization in order to propose single-site LJ models for several simple molecules. Experimental data, a set of supercritical isotherms, and part of the two-phase envelope, of several pure components were used for tuning the LJ parameters (ε, σ). Based on the conducted optimization, excellent fit was obtained for different noble gases (Ar, Kr, and Xe) and other small molecules (CH4, N2, and CO). On the other hand, due to the simplicity of the LJ model used, dramatic deviations between simulation and experimental data were observed, especially in the two-phase region, for more complex molecules such as CO2 and C2 H6. PMID:27276951

  15. The fractional Stokes-Einstein equation: Application to Lennard-Jones, molecular, and ionic liquidsa)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harris, Kenneth R.

    2009-08-01

    The fractional Stokes-Einstein (FSE) relation, (D /T)∝η-t, is shown to well correlate the molecular dynamics results of Meier et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 121, 3671 (2004); Meier et al.J. Chem. Phys. 121, 9526 (2004)] for the viscosity (η) and self-diffusion coefficient (D) of the Lennard-Jones fluid in the liquid and dense supercritical states, with the exponent t =(0.921±0.003). The Stokes-Einstein number n is viscosity dependent: ln n=const+(t -1)ln η. Molecular and ionic liquids for which high-pressure transport property data are available in the literature are shown to exhibit the same behavior with 0.79

  16. Determination of anharmonic free energy contributions: Low temperature phases of the Lennard-Jones system

    DOE PAGES

    Calero, C.; Knorowski, C.; Travesset, A.

    2016-03-22

    We investigate a general method to calculate the free energy of crystalline solids by considering the harmonic approximation and quasistatically switching the anharmonic contribution. The advantage of this method is that the harmonic approximation provides an already very accurate estimate of the free energy, and therefore the anharmonic term is numerically very small and can be determined to high accuracy. We further show that the anharmonic contribution to the free energy satisfies a number of exact inequalities that place constraints on its magnitude and allows approximate but fast and accurate estimates. The method is implemented into a readily available generalmore » software by combining the code HOODLT (Highly Optimized Object Oriented Dynamic Lattice Theory) for the harmonic part and the molecular dynamics (MD) simulation package HOOMD-blue for the anharmonic part. We use the method to calculate the low temperature phase diagram for Lennard-Jones particles. We demonstrate that hcp is the equilibrium phase at low temperature and pressure and obtain the coexistence curve with the fcc phase, which exhibits reentrant behavior. Furthermore, several implications of the method are discussed.« less

  17. Freezing and melting line invariants of the Lennard-Jones system.

    PubMed

    Costigliola, Lorenzo; Schrøder, Thomas B; Dyre, Jeppe C

    2016-06-01

    The invariance of several structural and dynamical properties of the Lennard-Jones (LJ) system along the freezing and melting lines is interpreted in terms of isomorph theory. First the freezing/melting lines of the LJ system are shown to be approximated by isomorphs. Then we show that the invariants observed along the freezing and melting isomorphs are also observed on other isomorphs in the liquid and crystalline phases. The structure is probed by the radial distribution function and the structure factor and dynamics are probed by the mean-square displacement, the intermediate scattering function, and the shear viscosity. Studying these properties with reference to isomorph theory explains why the known single-phase melting criteria hold, e.g., the Hansen-Verlet and the Lindemann criteria, and why the Andrade equation for the viscosity at freezing applies, e.g., for most liquid metals. Our conclusion is that these empirical rules and invariants can all be understood from isomorph theory and that the invariants are not peculiar to the freezing and melting lines, but hold along all isomorphs. PMID:27186598

  18. Widom line for the liquid-gas transition in Lennard-Jones system.

    PubMed

    Brazhkin, V V; Fomin, Yu D; Lyapin, A G; Ryzhov, V N; Tsiok, E N

    2011-12-01

    The locus of extrema (ridges) for heat capacity, thermal expansion coefficient, compressibility, and density fluctuations for model particle systems with Lennard-Jones (LJ) potential in the supercritical region have been obtained. It was found that the ridges for different thermodynamic values virtually merge into a single Widom line at T < 1.1T(c) and P < 1.5P(c) and become practically completely smeared at T < 2.5T(c) and P < 10P(c), where T(c) and P(c) are the critical temperature and pressure. The ridge for heat capacity approaches close to critical isochore, whereas the lines of extrema for other values correspond to density decrease. The lines corresponding to the supercritical maxima for argon and neon are in good agreement with the computer simulation data for LJ fluid. The behavior of the ridges for LJ fluid, in turn, is close to that for the supercritical van der Waals fluid, which is indicative of a fairly universal behavior of the Widom line for a liquid-gas transition.

  19. Enhancement of the droplet nucleation in a dense supersaturated Lennard-Jones vapor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhukhovitskii, D. I.

    2016-05-01

    The vapor-liquid nucleation in a dense Lennard-Jones system is studied analytically and numerically. A solution of the nucleation kinetic equations, which includes the elementary processes of condensation/evaporation involving the lightest clusters, is obtained, and the nucleation rate is calculated. Based on the equation of state for the cluster vapor, the pre-exponential factor is obtained. The latter diverges as a spinodal is reached, which results in the nucleation enhancement. The work of critical cluster formation is calculated using the previously developed two-parameter model (TPM) of small clusters. A simple expression for the nucleation rate is deduced and it is shown that the work of cluster formation is reduced for a dense vapor. This results in the nucleation enhancement as well. To verify the TPM, a simulation is performed that mimics a steady-state nucleation experiments in the thermal diffusion cloud chamber. The nucleating vapor with and without a carrier gas is simulated using two different thermostats for the monomers and clusters. The TPM proves to match the simulation results of this work and of other studies.

  20. Phytoplankton and bacterial distribution and productivity on and around Jones Bank in the Celtic Sea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davidson, Keith; Gilpin, Linda C.; Pete, Romain; Brennan, Debra; McNeill, Sharon; Moschonas, Grigorios; Sharples, Jonathon

    2013-10-01

    The abundance and productivity of phytoplankton and bacterioplankton in the region of Jones Bank (Celtic Sea) were assessed in relation to potential physical and chemical drivers of the marine microbial community during July 2008 on RRS James Cook cruise JC25. A major storm dominated the early part of the cruise; this influenced the microbial community with a decrease in diatom abundance being evident due to mixing of cells to sub euphotic zone depths. In the euphotic zone, phytoplankton was dominated by Phaeocystis cells which, with time, became constrained within a chlorophyll maximum that was located near the top of the nutricline. Multivariate statistical analyses found that temporal changes in diatom and dinoflagellate communities were significantly related to water temperature (diatoms) and nitrate concentration (dinoflagellates). Post storm, primary productivity was greatest in the Phaeocystis dominated 2-20 μm size fraction, but with no obvious topographically generated differences between on and off bank stations. Use of a mathematical model demonstrated the likely enhancement of productivity by the storm event, and also that this storm would have masked any topographic influence on productivity. The primary production:bacterial production ratio decreased significantly with time during the cruise, suggesting active competition by bacteria with phytoplankton for mineral nutrients. This was confirmed by a deck board enrichment experiment that demonstrated a rapid increase in bacterial productivity following supplementation of the euphotic zone microbial community with nutrient rich water collected below the mixed layer.

  1. Effect of confinement on the solid-liquid coexistence of Lennard-Jones Fluid

    SciTech Connect

    Das, Chandan K.; Singh, Jayant K.

    2013-11-07

    The solid-liquid coexistence of a Lennard-Jones fluid confined in slit pores of variable pore size, H, is studied using molecular dynamics simulations. Three-stage pseudo-supercritical transformation path of Grochola [J. Chem. Phys. 120(5), 2122 (2004)] and multiple histogram reweighting are employed for the confined system, for various pore sizes ranging from 20 to 5 molecular diameters, to compute the solid-liquid coexistence. The Gibbs free energy difference is evaluated using thermodynamic integration method by connecting solid-liquid phases under confinement via one or more intermediate states without any first order phase transition among them. Thermodynamic melting temperature is found to oscillate with wall separation, which is in agreement with the behavior seen for kinetic melting temperature evaluated in an earlier study. However, thermodynamic melting temperature for almost all wall separations is higher than the bulk case, which is contrary to the behavior seen for the kinetic melting temperature. The oscillation founds to decay at around H = 12, and beyond that pore size dependency of the shift in melting point is well represented by the Gibbs-Thompson equation.

  2. Enhancement of the droplet nucleation in a dense supersaturated Lennard-Jones vapor.

    PubMed

    Zhukhovitskii, D I

    2016-05-14

    The vapor-liquid nucleation in a dense Lennard-Jones system is studied analytically and numerically. A solution of the nucleation kinetic equations, which includes the elementary processes of condensation/evaporation involving the lightest clusters, is obtained, and the nucleation rate is calculated. Based on the equation of state for the cluster vapor, the pre-exponential factor is obtained. The latter diverges as a spinodal is reached, which results in the nucleation enhancement. The work of critical cluster formation is calculated using the previously developed two-parameter model (TPM) of small clusters. A simple expression for the nucleation rate is deduced and it is shown that the work of cluster formation is reduced for a dense vapor. This results in the nucleation enhancement as well. To verify the TPM, a simulation is performed that mimics a steady-state nucleation experiments in the thermal diffusion cloud chamber. The nucleating vapor with and without a carrier gas is simulated using two different thermostats for the monomers and clusters. The TPM proves to match the simulation results of this work and of other studies. PMID:27179494

  3. Nonequilibrium melting and crystallization of a model Lennard-Jones system.

    PubMed

    Luo, Sheng-Nian; Strachan, Alejandro; Swift, Damian C

    2004-06-22

    Nonequilibrium melting and crystallization of a model Lennard-Jones system were investigated with molecular dynamics simulations to quantify the maximum superheating/supercooling at fixed pressure, and over-pressurization/over-depressurization at fixed temperature. The temperature and pressure hystereses were found to be equivalent with regard to the Gibbs free energy barrier for nucleation of liquid or solid. These results place upper bounds on hysteretic effects of solidification and melting in high heating- and strain-rate experiments such as shock wave loading and release. The authors also demonstrate that the equilibrium melting temperature at a given pressure can be obtained directly from temperatures at the maximum superheating and supercooling on the temperature hysteresis; this approach, called the hysteresis method, is a conceptually simple and computationally inexpensive alternative to solid-liquid coexistence simulation and thermodynamic integration methods, and should be regarded as a general method. We also found that the extent of maximum superheating/supercooling is weakly pressure dependent, and the solid-liquid interfacial energy increases with pressure. The Lindemann fractional root-mean-squared displacement of solid and liquid at equilibrium and extreme metastable states is quantified, and is predicted to remain constant (0.14) at high pressures for solid at the equilibrium melting temperature. PMID:15268198

  4. Single-site Lennard-Jones models via polynomial chaos surrogates of Monte Carlo molecular simulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kadoura, Ahmad; Siripatana, Adil; Sun, Shuyu; Knio, Omar; Hoteit, Ibrahim

    2016-06-01

    In this work, two Polynomial Chaos (PC) surrogates were generated to reproduce Monte Carlo (MC) molecular simulation results of the canonical (single-phase) and the NVT-Gibbs (two-phase) ensembles for a system of normalized structureless Lennard-Jones (LJ) particles. The main advantage of such surrogates, once generated, is the capability of accurately computing the needed thermodynamic quantities in a few seconds, thus efficiently replacing the computationally expensive MC molecular simulations. Benefiting from the tremendous computational time reduction, the PC surrogates were used to conduct large-scale optimization in order to propose single-site LJ models for several simple molecules. Experimental data, a set of supercritical isotherms, and part of the two-phase envelope, of several pure components were used for tuning the LJ parameters (ɛ, σ). Based on the conducted optimization, excellent fit was obtained for different noble gases (Ar, Kr, and Xe) and other small molecules (CH4, N2, and CO). On the other hand, due to the simplicity of the LJ model used, dramatic deviations between simulation and experimental data were observed, especially in the two-phase region, for more complex molecules such as CO2 and C2 H6.

  5. Essential Oil Composition of Valeriana Jatamansi Jones from Himalayan Regions of India

    PubMed Central

    Raina, Archana P.; Negi, K. S.

    2015-01-01

    Valeriana jatamansi Jones germplasm collected from sub-temperate Himalayan region of Uttarakhand and North-East state of Meghalaya, India was evaluated under identical conditions at National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Bhowali, India, to study germplasm diversity based on essential oil composition. Twenty one compounds were identified in V. jatamansi root oil by GC and GC-MS. The major compounds identified were patchouli alcohol (0.4-63.7%), maaliol (2.9-53.8%), seychellene (4.1-27.4%), calarene/ß-gurjunene (3.0-20.8%), α-santalene (0.6-12.0%). Other compounds present were bornyl acetate (0.6-1.5%), α-guaiene (0.7-2.3%), α-bulnesene/δ-guaiene (0.7-6.3%), 7-epi-α-selinene (0.4-1.4%), kessane (2.1-3.3%), spathulenol (0.7-3.4%), viridiflorol (0.9-7.1%), α-patchoulene (0.8-6.6%), ß-patchoulene (0.4-0.8%). Two superior chemotypes identified in V. jatamansi oil from Uttarakhand were: patchouli alcohol rich (IC573221, 63.7%) and maaliol rich (IC573222, 53.8%; IC589096, 51.7%), while accession from north-east was patchouli alcohol rich chemotype (IC574522, 57.2%). These superior chemotypes with higher amounts of patchouli alcohol and maaliol could be used for promoting cultivation as well as for meeting need of pharmaceutical industries. PMID:26009656

  6. Connectivity in the potential energy landscape for binary Lennard-Jones systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Souza, Vanessa K.; Wales, David J.

    2009-05-01

    Connectivity in the potential energy landscape of a binary Lennard-Jones system can be characterized at the level of cage-breaking. We calculate the number of cage-breaking routes from a given local minimum and determine the branching probabilities at different temperatures, along with correlation factors that represent the repeated reversals of cage-breaking events. The number of reversals increases at lower temperatures and for more fragile systems, while the number of accessible connections decreases. We therefore associate changes in connectivity with super-Arrhenius behavior. Reversals in minimum-to-minimum transitions are common, but often correspond to "non-cage-breaking" processes. We demonstrate that the average waiting time within a minimum shows simple exponential behavior with decreasing temperature. To describe the long-term behavior of the system, we consider reversals and connectivity in terms of the "cage-breaking" processes that are pertinent to diffusion [V. K. de Souza and D. J. Wales, J. Chem. Phys. 129, 164507 (2008)]. These cage-breaking events can be modeled by a correlated random walk. Thus, a full correlation factor can be calculated using short simulations that extend up to two cage-breaking events.

  7. Surface tension of the two center Lennard-Jones plus point dipole fluid.

    PubMed

    Werth, Stephan; Horsch, Martin; Hasse, Hans

    2016-02-01

    Molecular dynamics simulations are used for systematically studying the surface tension of the two center Lennard-Jones plus point dipole (2CLJD) model fluid. In a dimensionless representation, this model fluid has two parameters describing the elongation and the dipole moment. These parameters were varied in the entire range relevant for describing real fluids resulting in a grid of 38 individual models. For each model, the surface tension was determined at temperatures between 60% and 90% of the critical temperature. For completeness, the vapor pressure and the saturated densities were also determined. The latter results agree well with the literature data, whereas for the surface tension, only few data were previously available. From the present results, an empirical correlation for the surface tension of the 2CLJD model as a function of the model parameters is developed. The correlation is used to predict the surface tension of 46 2CLJD molecular models from the literature, which were adjusted to bulk properties, but not to interfacial properties. The results are compared to the experimental data. The molecular models overestimate the surface tension, and deviations between the predictions and experimental data are below 12% on average.

  8. How long the singular value decomposed entropy predicts the stock market? - Evidence from the Dow Jones Industrial Average Index

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gu, Rongbao; Shao, Yanmin

    2016-07-01

    In this paper, a new concept of multi-scales singular value decomposition entropy based on DCCA cross correlation analysis is proposed and its predictive power for the Dow Jones Industrial Average Index is studied. Using Granger causality analysis with different time scales, it is found that, the singular value decomposition entropy has predictive power for the Dow Jones Industrial Average Index for period less than one month, but not for more than one month. This shows how long the singular value decomposition entropy predicts the stock market that extends Caraiani's result obtained in Caraiani (2014). On the other hand, the result also shows an essential characteristic of stock market as a chaotic dynamic system.

  9. Simple estimation of all-sky, direction-dependent Jones matrix of primary beams of radio interferometers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carozzi, T. D.

    2016-07-01

    The dual-polarized primary beams of imaging radio telescopes are generally not perfectly orthogonal nor have the same gain, the resulting polarimetric images are distorted, in other words, they exhibit instrumental polarization. This is often modeled in radio astronomy using a Jones matrix formalism, and the standard practice is to calibrate (i.e. determine the Jones matrices) using known point source, polarized calibrators. Using point source calibrators on the other hand can be difficult and is ineffective for wide fields-of-view (FoV). Often however, a large portion of the FoV of imaging radio telescopes consists of unpolarized background. In this paper I estimate Jones matrices over the FoV by assuming that most of the background image is unpolarized and then taking the square-root of the brightness matrices. Results from LOFAR LBA data are shown and are consistent with expectation. The usefulness of this particular method, compared to using polarized point source calibrators, is its simplicity and the fact that it can cover most of the FoV.

  10. Conformation of a flexible polymer in explicit solvent: Accurate solvation potentials for Lennard-Jones chains.

    PubMed

    Taylor, Mark P; Ye, Yuting; Adhikari, Shishir R

    2015-11-28

    The conformation of a polymer chain in solution is coupled to the local structure of the surrounding solvent and can undergo large changes in response to variations in solvent density and temperature. The many-body effects of solvent on the structure of an n-mer polymer chain can be formally mapped to an exact n-body solvation potential. Here, we use a pair decomposition of this n-body potential to construct a set of two-body potentials for a Lennard-Jones (LJ) polymer chain in explicit LJ solvent. The solvation potentials are built from numerically exact results for 5-mer chains in solvent combined with an approximate asymptotic expression for the solvation potential between sites that are distant along the chain backbone. These potentials map the many-body chain-in-solvent problem to a few-body single-chain problem and can be used to study a chain of arbitrary length, thereby dramatically reducing the computational complexity of the polymer chain-in-solvent problem. We have constructed solvation potentials at a large number of state points across the LJ solvent phase diagram including the vapor, liquid, and super-critical regions. We use these solvation potentials in single-chain Monte Carlo (MC) simulations with n ≤ 800 to determine the size, intramolecular structure, and scaling behavior of chains in solvent. To assess our results, we have carried out full chain-in-solvent MC simulations (with n ≤ 100) and find that our solvation potential approach is quantitatively accurate for a wide range of solvent conditions for these chain lengths. PMID:26627969

  11. Detecting macroeconomic phases in the Dow Jones Industrial Average time series

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wong, Jian Cheng; Lian, Heng; Cheong, Siew Ann

    2009-11-01

    In this paper, we perform statistical segmentation and clustering analysis of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJI) time series between January 1997 and August 2008. Modeling the index movements and log-index movements as stationary Gaussian processes, we find a total of 116 and 119 statistically stationary segments respectively. These can then be grouped into between five and seven clusters, each representing a different macroeconomic phase. The macroeconomic phases are distinguished primarily by their volatilities. We find that the US economy, as measured by the DJI, spends most of its time in a low-volatility phase and a high-volatility phase. The former can be roughly associated with economic expansion, while the latter contains the economic contraction phase in the standard economic cycle. Both phases are interrupted by a moderate-volatility market correction phase, but extremely-high-volatility market crashes are found mostly within the high-volatility phase. From the temporal distribution of various phases, we see a high-volatility phase from mid-1998 to mid-2003, and another starting mid-2007 (the current global financial crisis). Transitions from the low-volatility phase to the high-volatility phase are preceded by a series of precursor shocks, whereas the transition from the high-volatility phase to the low-volatility phase is preceded by a series of inverted shocks. The time scale for both types of transitions is about a year. We also identify the July 1997 Asian Financial Crisis to be the trigger for the mid-1998 transition, and an unnamed May 2006 market event related to corrections in the Chinese markets to be the trigger for the mid-2007 transition.

  12. Pressure-induced conformational changes in a human Bence-Jones protein (Mcg).

    PubMed

    Herron, J N; Ely, K R; Edmundson, A B

    1985-07-01

    The effect of high static pressures on the internal structure of the immunoglobulin light chain (Bence-Jones) dimer from the patient Mcg was assessed with measurements of intrinsic protein fluorescence polarization and intensity. Depolarization of intrinsic fluorescence was observed at relatively low pressures (less than 2 kbar), with a standard volume change of -93 mL/mol. The significant conformational changes indicated by these observations were not attributable to major protein unfolding, since pressures exceeding 2 kbar were required to alter intrinsic fluorescence emission maxima and yields. Fluorescence intensity and polarization measurements were used to investigate pressure effects on the binding of bis(8-anilino-naphthalene-1-sulfonate) (bis-ANS), rhodamine 123, and bis(N-methylacridinium nitrate) (lucigenin). Below 1.5 kbar the Mcg dimer exhibited a small decrease in affinity for bis-ANS (standard volume change approximately 5.9 mL/mol). At 3 kbar the binding activity increased by greater than 250-fold (volume change -144 mL/mol) and remained 10-fold higher than its starting value after decompression. With rhodamine 123 the binding activity showed an initial linear increase but plateaued at pressures greater than 1.5 kbar (standard volume change -23 mL/mol). These pressure effects were completely reversible. Binding activity with lucigenin increased slightly at low pressures (standard volume change -5.5 mL/mol), but the protein was partially denatured at pressures greater than 2 kbar. Taken in concert with the results of parallel binding studies in crystals of the Mcg dimer, these observations support the concept of a large malleable binding region with broad specificity for aromatic compounds.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  13. Liquid-liquid interfacial properties of a symmetrical Lennard-Jones binary mixture

    SciTech Connect

    Martínez-Ruiz, F. J.; Blas, F. J.; Moreno-Ventas Bravo, A. I.

    2015-09-14

    We determine the interfacial properties of a symmetrical binary mixture of equal-sized spherical Lennard-Jones molecules, σ{sub 11} = σ{sub 22}, with the same dispersive energy between like species, ϵ{sub 11} = ϵ{sub 22}, but different dispersive energies between unlike species low enough to induce phase separation. We use the extensions of the improved version of the inhomogeneous long-range corrections of Janecek [J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 6264 (2006)], presented recently by MacDowell and Blas [J. Chem. Phys. 131, 074705 (2009)] and Martínez-Ruiz et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 141, 184701 (2014)], to deal with the interaction energy and microscopic components of the pressure tensor. We perform Monte Carlo simulations in the canonical ensemble to obtain the interfacial properties of the symmetrical mixture with different cut-off distances r{sub c} and in combination with the inhomogeneous long-range corrections. The pressure tensor is obtained using the mechanical (virial) and thermodynamic route. The liquid-liquid interfacial tension is also evaluated using three different procedures, the Irving-Kirkwood method, the difference between the macroscopic components of the pressure tensor, and the test-area methodology. This allows to check the validity of the recent extensions presented to deal with the contributions due to long-range corrections for intermolecular energy and pressure tensor in the case of binary mixtures that exhibit liquid-liquid immiscibility. In addition to the pressure tensor and the surface tension, we also obtain density profiles and coexistence densities and compositions as functions of pressure, at a given temperature. According to our results, the main effect of increasing the cut-off distance r{sub c} is to sharpen the liquid-liquid interface and to increase the width of the biphasic coexistence region. Particularly interesting is the presence of a relative minimum in the total density profiles of the symmetrical mixture. This minimum is related

  14. The physical oceanography of Jones Bank: A mixing hotspot in the Celtic Sea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palmer, Matthew R.; Inall, Mark E.; Sharples, Jonathan

    2013-10-01

    New measurements are presented of the currents and hydrography at Jones Bank in the Celtic Sea. These measurements, collected during the summer of 2008, identify a highly energetic internal wavefield generated by the local interaction of seasonally stratified flow with topography. Observations close to the bank crest reveal internal waves of up to 40 m amplitude; approaching 50% of the local water depth. These waves occur during spring periods and are predominantly associated with off-bank tidal flow. We provide evidence that these waves are the result of hydraulic control of the tidal currents which result in supercritical flow in the bottom mixed layer (bml) on the upper slopes of the bank. The waning tide produces a transition from super to subcritical flow, identifiable as a regular hydraulic jump on the bank slope. Microstructure measurements identify a turbulent 'bore' associated with such jumps that increases bml turbulence by several orders of magnitude and produces a regular burst of enhanced mixing at the base of the ever-present thermocline. Additional mixing in the surface mixed layer is provided during gale force conditions during the first of the two spring tides observed, occurring at the start of our three-week measurement period. The average thermocline mixing rate during stormy spring tide conditions is 1.9 (±1.0, 95%) × 10-3 m2 s-1, driven by both surface mixing and hydraulic jumps. During the later calm spring period the average thermocline mixing rate is 3.3 (±1.7) × 10-4 m2 s-1, dominated by jump associated events. By comparison, the intervening neap tide period produces no hydraulic jumps and is characterised by relatively calm weather. A strong shear layer is however maintained during this 'quiet' period sufficient to enhance thermocline turbulence by a factor 1000 above background levels. A short lived peak in thermocline turbulence during the neap period produces diapycnal mixing as high as 1.6 × 10-2 m2 s-1 however a more

  15. Liquid-liquid interfacial properties of a symmetrical Lennard-Jones binary mixture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martínez-Ruiz, F. J.; Moreno-Ventas Bravo, A. I.; Blas, F. J.

    2015-09-01

    We determine the interfacial properties of a symmetrical binary mixture of equal-sized spherical Lennard-Jones molecules, σ11 = σ22, with the same dispersive energy between like species, ɛ11 = ɛ22, but different dispersive energies between unlike species low enough to induce phase separation. We use the extensions of the improved version of the inhomogeneous long-range corrections of Janec̆ek [J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 6264 (2006)], presented recently by MacDowell and Blas [J. Chem. Phys. 131, 074705 (2009)] and Martínez-Ruiz et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 141, 184701 (2014)], to deal with the interaction energy and microscopic components of the pressure tensor. We perform Monte Carlo simulations in the canonical ensemble to obtain the interfacial properties of the symmetrical mixture with different cut-off distances rc and in combination with the inhomogeneous long-range corrections. The pressure tensor is obtained using the mechanical (virial) and thermodynamic route. The liquid-liquid interfacial tension is also evaluated using three different procedures, the Irving-Kirkwood method, the difference between the macroscopic components of the pressure tensor, and the test-area methodology. This allows to check the validity of the recent extensions presented to deal with the contributions due to long-range corrections for intermolecular energy and pressure tensor in the case of binary mixtures that exhibit liquid-liquid immiscibility. In addition to the pressure tensor and the surface tension, we also obtain density profiles and coexistence densities and compositions as functions of pressure, at a given temperature. According to our results, the main effect of increasing the cut-off distance rc is to sharpen the liquid-liquid interface and to increase the width of the biphasic coexistence region. Particularly interesting is the presence of a relative minimum in the total density profiles of the symmetrical mixture. This minimum is related with a desorption of the molecules

  16. Liquid-liquid interfacial properties of a symmetrical Lennard-Jones binary mixture.

    PubMed

    Martínez-Ruiz, F J; Moreno-Ventas Bravo, A I; Blas, F J

    2015-09-14

    We determine the interfacial properties of a symmetrical binary mixture of equal-sized spherical Lennard-Jones molecules, σ11 = σ22, with the same dispersive energy between like species, ϵ11 = ϵ22, but different dispersive energies between unlike species low enough to induce phase separation. We use the extensions of the improved version of the inhomogeneous long-range corrections of Janec̆ek [J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 6264 (2006)], presented recently by MacDowell and Blas [J. Chem. Phys. 131, 074705 (2009)] and Martínez-Ruiz et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 141, 184701 (2014)], to deal with the interaction energy and microscopic components of the pressure tensor. We perform Monte Carlo simulations in the canonical ensemble to obtain the interfacial properties of the symmetrical mixture with different cut-off distances rc and in combination with the inhomogeneous long-range corrections. The pressure tensor is obtained using the mechanical (virial) and thermodynamic route. The liquid-liquid interfacial tension is also evaluated using three different procedures, the Irving-Kirkwood method, the difference between the macroscopic components of the pressure tensor, and the test-area methodology. This allows to check the validity of the recent extensions presented to deal with the contributions due to long-range corrections for intermolecular energy and pressure tensor in the case of binary mixtures that exhibit liquid-liquid immiscibility. In addition to the pressure tensor and the surface tension, we also obtain density profiles and coexistence densities and compositions as functions of pressure, at a given temperature. According to our results, the main effect of increasing the cut-off distance rc is to sharpen the liquid-liquid interface and to increase the width of the biphasic coexistence region. Particularly interesting is the presence of a relative minimum in the total density profiles of the symmetrical mixture. This minimum is related with a desorption of the molecules

  17. Effect of molecular flexibility of Lennard-Jones chains on vapor-liquid interfacial properties.

    PubMed

    Blas, F J; Moreno-Ventas Bravo, A I; Algaba, J; Martínez-Ruiz, F J; MacDowell, L G

    2014-03-21

    We have determined the interfacial properties of short fully flexible chains formed from tangentially bonded Lennard-Jones monomeric units from direct simulation of the vapor-liquid interface. The results obtained are compared with those corresponding to rigid-linear chains formed from the same chain length, previously determined in the literature [F. J. Blas, A. I. M.-V. Bravo, J. M. Míguez, M. M. Piñeiro, and L. G. MacDowell, J. Chem. Phys. 137, 084706 (2012)]. The full long-range tails of the potential are accounted for by means of an improved version of the inhomogeneous long-range corrections of Janeček [J. Phys. Chem. B 129, 6264 (2006)] proposed recently by MacDowell and Blas [J. Chem. Phys. 131, 074705 (2008)] valid for spherical as well as for rigid and flexible molecular systems. Three different model systems comprising of 3, 5, and 6 monomers per molecule are considered. The simulations are performed in the canonical ensemble, and the vapor-liquid interfacial tension is evaluated using the test-area method. In addition to the surface tension, we also obtained density profiles, coexistence densities, critical temperature and density, and interfacial thickness as functions of temperature, paying particular attention to the effect of the chain length and rigidity on these properties. According to our results, the main effect of increasing the chain length (at fixed temperature) is to sharpen the vapor-liquid interface and to increase the width of the biphasic coexistence region. As a result, the interfacial thickness decreases and the surface tension increases as the molecular chains get longer. Comparison between predictions for fully flexible and rigid-linear chains, formed by the same number of monomeric units, indicates that the main effects of increasing the flexibility, i.e., passing from a rigid-linear to a fully flexible chain, are: (a) to decrease the difference between the liquid and vapor densities; (b) to decrease the critical temperature and

  18. Liquid-liquid interfacial properties of a symmetrical Lennard-Jones binary mixture.

    PubMed

    Martínez-Ruiz, F J; Moreno-Ventas Bravo, A I; Blas, F J

    2015-09-14

    We determine the interfacial properties of a symmetrical binary mixture of equal-sized spherical Lennard-Jones molecules, σ11 = σ22, with the same dispersive energy between like species, ϵ11 = ϵ22, but different dispersive energies between unlike species low enough to induce phase separation. We use the extensions of the improved version of the inhomogeneous long-range corrections of Janec̆ek [J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 6264 (2006)], presented recently by MacDowell and Blas [J. Chem. Phys. 131, 074705 (2009)] and Martínez-Ruiz et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 141, 184701 (2014)], to deal with the interaction energy and microscopic components of the pressure tensor. We perform Monte Carlo simulations in the canonical ensemble to obtain the interfacial properties of the symmetrical mixture with different cut-off distances rc and in combination with the inhomogeneous long-range corrections. The pressure tensor is obtained using the mechanical (virial) and thermodynamic route. The liquid-liquid interfacial tension is also evaluated using three different procedures, the Irving-Kirkwood method, the difference between the macroscopic components of the pressure tensor, and the test-area methodology. This allows to check the validity of the recent extensions presented to deal with the contributions due to long-range corrections for intermolecular energy and pressure tensor in the case of binary mixtures that exhibit liquid-liquid immiscibility. In addition to the pressure tensor and the surface tension, we also obtain density profiles and coexistence densities and compositions as functions of pressure, at a given temperature. According to our results, the main effect of increasing the cut-off distance rc is to sharpen the liquid-liquid interface and to increase the width of the biphasic coexistence region. Particularly interesting is the presence of a relative minimum in the total density profiles of the symmetrical mixture. This minimum is related with a desorption of the molecules

  19. Noise-immune complex correlation for vasculature imaging based on standard and Jones-matrix optical coherence tomography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Makita, Shuichi; Kurokawa, Kazuhiro; Hong, Young-Joo; Li, En; Miura, Masahiro; Yasuno, Yoshiaki

    2016-03-01

    A new optical coherence angiography (OCA) method, called correlation mapping OCA (cmOCA), is presented by using the SNR-corrected complex correlation. An SNR-correction theory for the complex correlation calculation is presented. The method also integrates a motion-artifact-removal method for the sample motion induced decorrelation artifact. The theory is further extended to compute more reliable correlation by using multi- channel OCT systems, such as Jones-matrix OCT. The high contrast vasculature imaging of in vivo human posterior eye has been obtained. Composite imaging of cmOCA and degree of polarization uniformity indicates abnormalities of vasculature and pigmented tissues simultaneously.

  20. Effect of gold nanoparticles on structure and dynamics of binary Lennard-Jones liquid: Direct space analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Separdar, L.; Davatolhagh, S.

    2013-02-01

    We investigate the static structure and diffusive dynamics of binary Lennard-Jones mixture upon supercooling in the presence of gold nanoparticle within the framework of the mode-coupling theory of the dynamic glass transition in the direct space by means of constant-NVT molecular dynamics simulations. It is found that the presence of gold nanoparticle causes the energy per particle and the pressure of this system to decrease with respect to the bulk binary Lennard-Jones mixture. Furthermore, the presence of nanoparticle has a direct effect on the liquid structure and causes the peaks of the radial distribution functions to become shorter with respect to the bulk binary Lennard-Jones liquid. The dynamics of the liquid at a given density is found to be consistent with the mode-coupling theory (MCT) predictions in a certain range at low temperatures. In accordance with the idealized MCT, the diffusion constants D(T) show a power-law behavior at low temperatures for both types of binary Lennard-Jones (BLJ) particles as well as the gold atoms comprising the nanoparticle. The mode-coupling crossover temperature Tc is the same for all particle types; however, Tc=0.4 is reduced with respect to that of the bulk BLJ liquid, and the γ exponent is found to depend on the particle type. The existence of the nanoparticle causes the short-time β-relaxation regime to shorten and the range of validity of the MCT shrinks with respect to the bulk BLJ. It is also found that at intermediate and low temperatures the curves of the mean-squared displacements (MSDs) versus tD(T) fall onto a master curve. The MSDs follow the master curve in an identical time range with the long-time α-relaxation regime of the mode-coupling theory. By obtaining the viscosity, it is observed that the Stokes-Einstein relation remains valid at high and intermediate temperatures but breaks down as the temperatures approach Tc as a result of the cooperative motion or activated processes.

  1. Test of classical nucleation theory and mean first-passage time formalism on crystallization in the Lennard-Jones liquid

    SciTech Connect

    Lundrigan, Sarah E. M.; Saika-Voivod, Ivan

    2009-09-14

    We perform molecular dynamics (MD) and Monte Carlo computer simulations to test the ability of the recently developed formalism of mean first-passage time (MFPT) [J. Wedekind, R. Strey, and D. Reguera, J. Chem. Phys. 126, 134103 (2007); J. Wedekind and D. Reguera, J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 11060 (2008)] to characterize crystal nucleation in the Lennard-Jones liquid. We find that the nucleation rate, critical embryo size, Zeldovich factor, attachment rate, and the nucleation barrier profile obtained from MFPT all compare very well to the same quantities calculated using other methods. Furthermore, we find that the nucleation rate obtained directly through MD closely matches the prediction of classical nucleation theory.

  2. Formation of regular polyicosahedral structure during growth of large Lennard-Jones clusters from their global minimum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Polak, Wiesław Z.

    2016-08-01

    Simulated growth of four global-minimum Lennard-Jones clusters of sizes N = 561, 823, 850 and 923, representing multishell icosahedra and decahedron, always leads to formation of regular polyicosahedral clusters. Observation of cluster structure evolution revealed that new atoms form anti-Mackay islands spreading over the cluster surface by making strong island-island junctions at cluster edges. Analysis of potential energies of atoms composing different local structures shows that energy-driven preference for decahedral arrangement of several atoms initiating the junction of pentagonal symmetry on the cluster surface is responsible for kinetic effect in the cluster growth.

  3. Nonlocal heat transfer in two-dimensional Lennard-Jones crystal: Application of the molecular dynamics method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ovchinnikov, M. N.; Kushtanova, G. G.

    The redistribution of heat between two subsystems in the two-dimensional crystal consisting of particles interacting by means of the Lennard-Jones potential with argon parameters is considered in the frame of molecular dynamics method. Calculations of heat flux, its time derivative and kinetic temperature gradient showed that the characteristic relaxation times of the nonequilibrium flux within the nonlocal Cattaneo model at temperatures 10K < T < 40K are very small (τv <10-11s) and, comparable with the time of phonons free path.

  4. High-accuracy calculations of sixteen collision integrals for Lennard-Jones (12–6) gases and their interpolation to parameterize neon, argon, and krypton

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Sun Ung; Monroe, Charles W.

    2014-09-15

    The inverse problem of parameterizing intermolecular potentials given macroscopic transport and thermodynamic data is addressed. Procedures are developed to create arbitrary-precision algorithms for transport collision integrals, using the Lennard-Jones (12–6) potential as an example. Interpolation formulas are produced that compute these collision integrals to four-digit accuracy over the reduced-temperature range 0.3≤T{sup ⁎}≤400, allowing very fast computation. Lennard-Jones parameters for neon, argon, and krypton are determined by simultaneously fitting the observed temperature dependences of their viscosities and second virial coefficients—one of the first times that a thermodynamic and a dynamic property have been used simultaneously for Lennard-Jones parameterization. In addition to matching viscosities and second virial coefficients within the bounds of experimental error, the determined Lennard-Jones parameters are also found to predict the thermal conductivity and self-diffusion coefficient accurately, supporting the value of the Lennard-Jones (12–6) potential for noble-gas transport-property correlation.

  5. Solid{endash}fluid phase equilibrium for single component and binary Lennard-Jones systems: A cell theory approach

    SciTech Connect

    Cottin, X.; Monson, P.A.

    1996-12-01

    We consider the application of the cell theory to single component and binary Lennard-Jones solids. We calculate solid phase properties and solid{endash}fluid equilibrium using the cell theory for the solid phase and an equation of state for the fluid phase. In the single component case the thermodynamic properties as well as the solid{endash}fluid phase diagram predicted by the theory are in quite good agreement with Monte Carlo simulation results. The introduction of correlations between the motions of nearest neighbor particles into the cell theory in a fashion suggested by Barker significantly improves the agreement. For binary Lennard-Jones 12-6 mixtures the predictions of the theory are compared with experimental data for mixtures forming substitutionally disordered solid solutions involving argon, krypton and methane. The theory correctly predicts the form of the phase diagram but the quantitative predictions are quite sensitive to the choice of potential parameters. The shape of the phase diagram is similar to that for a hard sphere mixture with the same diameter ratio. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  6. Flory-Huggins parameter χ, from binary mixtures of Lennard-Jones particles to block copolymer melts.

    PubMed

    Chremos, Alexandros; Nikoubashman, Arash; Panagiotopoulos, Athanassios Z

    2014-02-01

    In this contribution, we develop a coarse-graining methodology for mapping specific block copolymer systems to bead-spring particle-based models. We map the constituent Kuhn segments to Lennard-Jones particles, and establish a semi-empirical correlation between the experimentally determined Flory-Huggins parameter χ and the interaction of the model potential. For these purposes, we have performed an extensive set of isobaric-isothermal Monte Carlo simulations of binary mixtures of Lennard-Jones particles with the same size but with asymmetric energetic parameters. The phase behavior of these monomeric mixtures is then extended to chains with finite sizes through theoretical considerations. Such a top-down coarse-graining approach is important from a computational point of view, since many characteristic features of block copolymer systems are on time and length scales which are still inaccessible through fully atomistic simulations. We demonstrate the applicability of our method for generating parameters by reproducing the morphology diagram of a specific diblock copolymer, namely, poly(styrene-b-methyl methacrylate), which has been extensively studied in experiments. PMID:24511981

  7. Flory-Huggins parameter χ, from binary mixtures of Lennard-Jones particles to block copolymer melts

    SciTech Connect

    Chremos, Alexandros; Nikoubashman, Arash Panagiotopoulos, Athanassios Z.

    2014-02-07

    In this contribution, we develop a coarse-graining methodology for mapping specific block copolymer systems to bead-spring particle-based models. We map the constituent Kuhn segments to Lennard-Jones particles, and establish a semi-empirical correlation between the experimentally determined Flory-Huggins parameter χ and the interaction of the model potential. For these purposes, we have performed an extensive set of isobaric–isothermal Monte Carlo simulations of binary mixtures of Lennard-Jones particles with the same size but with asymmetric energetic parameters. The phase behavior of these monomeric mixtures is then extended to chains with finite sizes through theoretical considerations. Such a top-down coarse-graining approach is important from a computational point of view, since many characteristic features of block copolymer systems are on time and length scales which are still inaccessible through fully atomistic simulations. We demonstrate the applicability of our method for generating parameters by reproducing the morphology diagram of a specific diblock copolymer, namely, poly(styrene-b-methyl methacrylate), which has been extensively studied in experiments.

  8. Explicit expression for the Stokes-Einstein relation for pure Lennard-Jones liquids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ohtori, Norikazu; Ishii, Yoshiki

    2015-01-01

    An explicit expression of the Stokes-Einstein (SE) relation in molecular scale has been determined for pure Lennard-Jones (LJ) liquids on the saturated vapor line using a molecular dynamics calculation with the Green-Kubo formula, as D ηsv=k T ξ-1(N/V ) 1 /3 , where D is the self-diffusion coefficient, ηsv the shear viscosity, k the Boltzmann constant, T the temperature, ξ the constant, and N the particle number included in the system volume V . To this end, the dependence of D and ηsv on packing fraction, η , and T has been determined so as to complete their scaling equations. The equations for D and ηsv in these states are m-1 /2(N/V ) -1 /3(1-η ) 4ɛ-1 /2T and m1 /2(N/V ) 2 /3(1-η ) -4ɛ1 /2T0 , respectively, where m and ɛ are the atomic mass and characteristic parameter of energy used in the LJ potentials, respectively. The equations can well describe the behaviors of D and ηsv for both the LJ and the real rare-gas liquids. The obtained SE relation justifies the theoretical equation proposed by Eyring and Ree, although the value of ξ is slightly different from that given by them. The difference of the obtained expression from the original SE relation, D ηsv=(k T /2 π ) σ-1 , where σ means the particle size, is the presence of the η1 /3 term, since (N/V )1 /3=(6/π )1 /3σ-1η1 /3 . Since the original SE relation is based on the fluid mechanics for continuum media, allowing the presence of voids in liquids is the origin of the η1 /3 term. Therefore, also from this viewpoint, the present expression is more justifiable in molecular scale than the original SE relation. As a result, the η1 /3 term cancels out the σ dependence from the original SE relation. The present result clearly shows that it is not necessary to attribute the deviation from the original SE relation to any temperature dependence of particle size or to introduce the fractional SE relation for pure LJ liquids. It turned out that the η dependence of both D and ηsv is similar to

  9. Explicit expression for the Stokes-Einstein relation for pure Lennard-Jones liquids.

    PubMed

    Ohtori, Norikazu; Ishii, Yoshiki

    2015-01-01

    An explicit expression of the Stokes-Einstein (SE) relation in molecular scale has been determined for pure Lennard-Jones (LJ) liquids on the saturated vapor line using a molecular dynamics calculation with the Green-Kubo formula, as Dη(sv)=kTξ(-1)(N/V)(1/3), where D is the self-diffusion coefficient, η(sv) the shear viscosity, k the Boltzmann constant, T the temperature, ξ the constant, and N the particle number included in the system volume V. To this end, the dependence of D and η(sv) on packing fraction, η, and T has been determined so as to complete their scaling equations. The equations for D and η(sv) in these states are m(-1/2)(N/V)(-1/3)(1-η)(4)ε(-1/2)T and m(1/2)(N/V)(2/3)(1-η)(-4)ε(1/2)T(0), respectively, where m and ε are the atomic mass and characteristic parameter of energy used in the LJ potentials, respectively. The equations can well describe the behaviors of D and η(sv) for both the LJ and the real rare-gas liquids. The obtained SE relation justifies the theoretical equation proposed by Eyring and Ree, although the value of ξ is slightly different from that given by them. The difference of the obtained expression from the original SE relation, Dη(sv)=(kT/2π)σ(-1), where σ means the particle size, is the presence of the η(1/3) term, since (N/V)(1/3)=(6/π)(1/3)σ(-1)η(1/3). Since the original SE relation is based on the fluid mechanics for continuum media, allowing the presence of voids in liquids is the origin of the η(1/3) term. Therefore, also from this viewpoint, the present expression is more justifiable in molecular scale than the original SE relation. As a result, the η(1/3) term cancels out the σ dependence from the original SE relation. The present result clearly shows that it is not necessary to attribute the deviation from the original SE relation to any temperature dependence of particle size or to introduce the fractional SE relation for pure LJ liquids. It turned out that the η dependence of both D and

  10. Comparison between Utsu's and Vere-Jones' aftershocks model by means of a computer simulation based on the acceptance-rejection sampling of von Neumann

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reyes, J.; Morales-Esteban, A.; González, E.; Martínez-Álvarez, F.

    2016-07-01

    In this research, a new algorithm for generating a stochastic earthquake catalog is presented. The algorithm is based on the acceptance-rejection sampling of von Neumann. The result is a computer simulation of earthquakes based on the calculated statistical properties of each zone. Vere-Jones states that an earthquake sequence can be modeled as a series of random events. This is the model used in the proposed simulation. Contrariwise, Utsu indicates that the mainshocks are special geophysical events. The algorithm has been applied to zones of Chile, China, Spain, Japan, and the USA. This allows classifying the zones according to Vere-Jones' or Utsu's model. The results have been quantified relating the mainshock with the largest aftershock within the next 5 days (which has been named as Bath event). The results show that some zones fit Utsu's model and others Vere-Jones'. Finally, the fraction of seismic events that satisfy certain properties of magnitude and occurrence is analyzed.

  11. Self-diffusion on the Lennard-Jones fcc(111) surface: Effects of temperature on dynamical corrections

    SciTech Connect

    Cohen, J.M.; Voter, A.F. , Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 )

    1989-10-15

    Surface self-diffusion constants have been calculated for the single component Lennard-Jones fcc(111) system using the dynamical corrections formalism for transition state theory (TST). At high temperatures, these results are found to be in agreement with previous molecular dynamics calculations. Over the extended temperature range in which this method is valid, deviations from Arrhenius behavior are observed. At lower temperatures, a noticeable contribution to the diffusion constant stems from trajectories in which the adatom recrosses the TST boundary, often due to a direction-reversing collision with the substrate atom on the far side of the binding site. This produces a dip in the dynamical correction factor centered around a reduced temperature of {ital T}=0.038. At higher temperatures, the expected multiple-jump effects are observed.

  12. A simple water model in the presence of inert Lennard-Jones obstacles II: the hydrophobic effect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kurtjak, Mario; Urbic, Tomaz

    2015-04-01

    Using Monte Carlo computer simulations, hydrophobic effect for a non-polar particle with the diameter of a water molecule was studied in water, confined within a disordered matrix. Freely mobile two-dimensional Mercedes-Benz water was put in a disordered, but fixed, matrix of Lennard-Jones disks. Influence of temperature and matrix properties on the thermodynamic quantities of a non-polar solute solvation was studied. The hydrophobic effect is changed by the presence of the obstacles. Smaller matrix particles change the solute-water structure and thermodynamics drastically, as it was also observed for the properties of pure confined water. The study is bringing new scientific important observations in understanding the role of hydrophobic forces under confinement.

  13. A molecular simulation study of freezing/melting phenomena for Lennard-Jones methane in cylindrical nanoscale pores

    SciTech Connect

    Maddox, M.W.; Gubbins, K.E.

    1997-12-01

    A combination of grand canonical Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulation techniques are used to study the freezing and melting of Lennard-Jones methane in several different cylindrical pores. Two different types of pore wall are considered; a strongly attractive wall, and a weakly attractive wall, each with pore diameters in the range 1.5{endash}3.5 nm. Freezing point depression is observed in the case of the weakly attractive pores, in agreement with several experimental studies. Freezing point elevation is observed at the walls of the strongly attractive pore, but freezing point depression occurs at the center of such pores, due to geometrical constraints. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  14. Crew of STS-98, L to R: Mission Specialists Robert L. Curbeam, Thomas D. Jones, and Marsha S. Ivins,

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    The crew of STS-98 poses for a group photo shortly before leaving NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center after a successful landing of the Space Shuttle Atlantis the day before. L to R: Mission Specialists Robert L. Curbeam, Thomas D. Jones, and Marsha S. Ivins, Commander Kenneth D. Cockrell, and Pilot Mark L. Polansky. Space Shuttle Atlantis landed at 12:33 p.m. February 20, 2001, on the runway at Edwards Air Force Base, California, where NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center is located. The mission, which began February 7, logged 5.3 million miles as the shuttle orbited earth while delivering the Destiny science laboratory to the International Space Station. Inclement weather conditions in Florida prompted the decision to land Atlantis at Edwards. The last time a space shuttle landed at Edwards was Oct. 24, 2000.

  15. Estimation of Jones matrix, birefringence and entropy using Cloude-Pottier decomposition in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

    PubMed Central

    Yamanari, Masahiro; Tsuda, Satoru; Kokubun, Taiki; Shiga, Yukihiro; Omodaka, Kazuko; Aizawa, Naoko; Yokoyama, Yu; Himori, Noriko; Kunimatsu-Sanuki, Shiho; Maruyama, Kazuichi; Kunikata, Hiroshi; Nakazawa, Toru

    2016-01-01

    Estimation of polarimetric parameters has been a fundamental issue to assess biological tissues that have form birefringence or polarization scrambling in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT). We present a mathematical framework to provide a maximum likelihood estimation of the target covariance matrix and its incoherent target decomposition to estimate a Jones matrix of a dominant scattering mechanism, called Cloude-Pottier decomposition, thereby deriving the phase retardation and the optic axis of the sample. In addition, we introduce entropy that shows the randomness of the polarization property. Underestimation of the entropy at a low sampling number is mitigated by asymptotic quasi maximum likelihood estimator. A bias of the entropy from random noises is corrected to show only the polarization property inherent in the sample. The theory is validated with experimental measurements of a glass plate and waveplates, and applied to the imaging of a healthy human eye anterior segment as an image filter. PMID:27699120

  16. Estimation of Jones matrix, birefringence and entropy using Cloude-Pottier decomposition in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

    PubMed Central

    Yamanari, Masahiro; Tsuda, Satoru; Kokubun, Taiki; Shiga, Yukihiro; Omodaka, Kazuko; Aizawa, Naoko; Yokoyama, Yu; Himori, Noriko; Kunimatsu-Sanuki, Shiho; Maruyama, Kazuichi; Kunikata, Hiroshi; Nakazawa, Toru

    2016-01-01

    Estimation of polarimetric parameters has been a fundamental issue to assess biological tissues that have form birefringence or polarization scrambling in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT). We present a mathematical framework to provide a maximum likelihood estimation of the target covariance matrix and its incoherent target decomposition to estimate a Jones matrix of a dominant scattering mechanism, called Cloude-Pottier decomposition, thereby deriving the phase retardation and the optic axis of the sample. In addition, we introduce entropy that shows the randomness of the polarization property. Underestimation of the entropy at a low sampling number is mitigated by asymptotic quasi maximum likelihood estimator. A bias of the entropy from random noises is corrected to show only the polarization property inherent in the sample. The theory is validated with experimental measurements of a glass plate and waveplates, and applied to the imaging of a healthy human eye anterior segment as an image filter.

  17. Noise-immune complex correlation for optical coherence angiography based on standard and Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

    PubMed Central

    Makita, Shuichi; Kurokawa, Kazuhiro; Hong, Young-Joo; Miura, Masahiro; Yasuno, Yoshiaki

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes a complex correlation mapping algorithm for optical coherence angiography (cmOCA). The proposed algorithm avoids the signal-to-noise ratio dependence and exhibits low noise in vasculature imaging. The complex correlation coefficient of the signals, rather than that of the measured data are estimated, and two-step averaging is introduced. Algorithms of motion artifact removal based on non perfusing tissue detection using correlation are developed. The algorithms are implemented with Jones-matrix OCT. Simultaneous imaging of pigmented tissue and vasculature is also achieved using degree of polarization uniformity imaging with cmOCA. An application of cmOCA to in vivo posterior human eyes is presented to demonstrate that high-contrast images of patients’ eyes can be obtained. PMID:27446673

  18. Bulk viscosity of the Lennard-Jones system at the triple point by dynamical nonequilibrium molecular dynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palla, Pier Luca; Pierleoni, Carlo; Ciccotti, Giovanni

    2008-08-01

    Nonequilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) calculations of the bulk viscosity of the triple point Lennard-Jones fluid are performed with the aim of investigating the origin of the observed disagreement between Green-Kubo estimates and previous NEMD data. We show that a careful application of the Doll’s perturbation field, the dynamical NEMD method, the instantaneous form of the perturbation and the “subtraction technique” provides a NEMD estimate of the bulk viscosity at zero field in full agreement with the value obtained by the Green-Kubo formula. As previously reported for the shear viscosity, we find that the bulk viscosity exhibits a large linear regime with the field intensity.

  19. Chemical potentials and phase equilibria of Lennard-Jones mixtures: a self-consistent integral equation approach.

    PubMed

    Wilson, D Scott; Lee, Lloyd L

    2005-07-22

    We explore the vapor-liquid phase behavior of binary mixtures of Lennard-Jones-type molecules where one component is supercritical, given the system temperature. We apply the self-consistency approach to the Ornstein-Zernike integral equations to obtain the correlation functions. The consistency checks include not only thermodynamic consistencies (pressure consistency and Gibbs-Duhem consistency), but also pointwise consistencies, such as the zero-separation theorems on the cavity functions. The consistencies are enforced via the bridge functions in the closure which contain adjustable parameters. The full solution requires the values of not only the monomer chemical potentials, but also the dimer chemical potentials present in the zero-separation theorems. These are evaluated by the direct chemical-potential formula [L. L. Lee, J. Chem. Phys. 97, 8606 (1992)] that does not require temperature nor density integration. In order to assess the integral equation accuracy, molecular-dynamics simulations are carried out alongside the states studied. The integral equation results compare well with simulation data. In phase calculations, it is important to have pressure consistency and valid chemical potentials, since the matching of phase boundaries requires the equality of the pressures and chemical potentials of both the liquid and vapor phases. The mixtures studied are methane-type and pentane-type molecules, both characterized by effective Lennard-Jones potentials. Calculations on one isotherm show that the integral equation approach yields valid answers as compared with the experimental data of Sage and Lacey. To study vapor-liquid phase behavior, it is necessary to use consistent theories; any inconsistencies, especially in pressure, will vitiate the phase boundary calculations.

  20. Comment on Cross, Fine, Jones, and Walsh (2012): Do Mental Health Professionals Who Serve on/with Child Advocacy Centers Experience Role Conflict?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friend, Colleen

    2012-01-01

    Cross, Fine, Jones, and Walsh's (2012) article "Mental Health Professionals in Children's Advocacy Centers: Is There Role Conflict?" challenges two recent publications' criticisms that child advocacy centers create role conflict for mental health professionals and explains how child advocacy centers actually work, describing the different roles…

  1. Close Encounter With a Carolina Bay. Jones Lake State Park: An Environmental Education Learning Experience Designed for Grades 6-8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helms, J. Christopher; Corbett, Robert J.

    This activity guide, developed to provide hands-on environmental education activities geared to Jones Lake State Park in North Carolina, is targeted for grades 6, 7, and 8 and meets curriculum objectives in the standard course of study established by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Three types of activities are included:…

  2. Immigration Reform: Implementation of Legalization Program. Statement of Arnold P. Jones, Senior Associate Director, General Government Division before the Subcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Affairs Committee.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Arnold P.

    This document presents the testimony of Arnold P. Jones, Senior Associate Director of the United States General Accounting Office, before the Senate Subcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Affairs, on the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. The Act established a legalization program that permits undocumented aliens to become permanent…

  3. Reading Research on Core Values, Christian Ethos and School Transformation at England's Most Improved Academy: A Reply to Bragg, Allington, Simmons and Jones

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pike, Mark A.

    2011-01-01

    This article presents the author's reply to the comments of Bragg, Allington, Simmons and Jones to his article "Transaction and transformation at Trinity" (Pike, 2010) wherein he reported a case study of Trinity Academy, which serves a former mining community and social priority area near Doncaster in South Yorkshire. In 2008, just before the…

  4. Sex Differences in Left-Handedness Are Also Evident in Scandinavia and in Twins: Comment on Papadatou-Pastou, Martin, Munafo, and Jones (2008)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vuoksimaa, Eero; Kaprio, Jaakko

    2010-01-01

    The lack of sex difference in left-handedness in Scandinavian countries reported by Papadatou-Pastou, Martin, Munafo, and Jones (2008) is questioned. We investigated the sex difference in left-handedness in two Finnish, one Norwegian, and one Swedish population-based sample not included in the Papadatou-Pastou et al. (2008) meta-analysis. The…

  5. Homogeneous nucleation in vapor-liquid phase transition of Lennard-Jones fluids: a density functional theory approach.

    PubMed

    Ghosh, Satinath; Ghosh, Swapan K

    2011-01-14

    Density functional theory (DFT) with square gradient approximation for the free energy functional and a model density profile are used to obtain an analytical expression for the size-dependent free energy of formation of a liquid drop from the vapor through the process of homogeneous nucleation, without invoking the approximations used in classical nucleation theory (CNT). The density of the liquid drop in this work is not the same as the bulk liquid density but it corresponds to minimum free energy of formation of the liquid drop. The theory is applied to study the nucleation phenomena from supersaturated vapor of Lennard-Jones fluid. The barrier height predicted by this theory is significantly lower than the same in CNT which is rather high. The density at the center of the small liquid drop as obtained through optimization is less than the bulk density which is in agreement with other earlier works. Also proposed is a sharp interface limit of the proposed DFT of nucleation, which is as simple as CNT but with a modified barrier height and this modified classical nucleation theory, as we call it, is shown to lead to improved results.

  6. Examining the Effects of Stiffness and Mass Difference on the Thermal Interface Conductance Between Lennard-Jones Solids

    PubMed Central

    Gordiz, Kiarash; Henry, Asegun

    2015-01-01

    To date, the established methods that describe thermal interface conductance (TIC) and include mode-level dependence have not included anharmonicity. The current intuition is therefore based on the behavior in the harmonic limit, whereby the extent of overlap in the bulk phonon density of states (DoS) (e.g., frequency overlap) dictates the TIC and more frequency overlap leads to higher TIC. Here, we study over 2,000 interfaces described by the Lennard-Jones potential using equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations, whereby we systematically change the mass and stiffness of each side. We show that the trends in TIC do not generally follow that of the bulk phonon DoS overlap, but instead more closely follow the vibrational power spectrum overlap for the interfacial atoms. We then identify the frequency overlap in the interfacial power spectra as an improved descriptor for understanding the qualitative trends in TIC. Although improved, the results show that the basic intuition of frequency overlap is still insufficient to explain all of the features, as the remaining variations are shown to arise from anharmonicity, which is a critical effect to include in interface calculations above cryogenic temperatures. PMID:26678793

  7. The role of fcc tetrahedral subunits in the phase behavior of medium sized Lennard-Jones clusters.

    PubMed

    Saika-Voivod, Ivan; Poon, Louis; Bowles, Richard K

    2010-08-21

    The free energy of a 600-atom Lennard-Jones cluster is calculated as a function of surface and bulk crystallinity in order to study the structural transformations that occur in the core of medium sized clusters. Within the order parameter range studied, we find the existence of two free energy minima at temperatures near freezing. One minimum, at low values of both bulk and surface order, belongs to the liquid phase. The second minimum exhibits a highly ordered core with a disordered surface and is related to structures containing a single fcc-tetrahedral subunit, with an edge length of seven atoms (l=7), located in the particle core. At lower temperatures, a third minimum appears at intermediate values of the bulk order parameter which is shown to be related to the formation of multiple l=6 tetrahedra in the core of the cluster. We also use molecular dynamics simulations to follow a series of nucleation events and find that the clusters freeze to structures containing l=5, 6, 7, and 8 sized tetrahedra as well as those containing no tetrahedral units. The structural correlations between bulk and surface order with the size of the tetrahedral units in the cluster core are examined. Finally, the relationships between the formation of fcc tetrahedral subunits in the core, the phase behavior of medium sized clusters and the nucleation of noncrystalline global structures such as icosahedra and decahedra are discussed.

  8. Examining the Effects of Stiffness and Mass Difference on the Thermal Interface Conductance Between Lennard-Jones Solids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gordiz, Kiarash; Henry, Asegun

    2015-12-01

    To date, the established methods that describe thermal interface conductance (TIC) and include mode-level dependence have not included anharmonicity. The current intuition is therefore based on the behavior in the harmonic limit, whereby the extent of overlap in the bulk phonon density of states (DoS) (e.g., frequency overlap) dictates the TIC and more frequency overlap leads to higher TIC. Here, we study over 2,000 interfaces described by the Lennard-Jones potential using equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations, whereby we systematically change the mass and stiffness of each side. We show that the trends in TIC do not generally follow that of the bulk phonon DoS overlap, but instead more closely follow the vibrational power spectrum overlap for the interfacial atoms. We then identify the frequency overlap in the interfacial power spectra as an improved descriptor for understanding the qualitative trends in TIC. Although improved, the results show that the basic intuition of frequency overlap is still insufficient to explain all of the features, as the remaining variations are shown to arise from anharmonicity, which is a critical effect to include in interface calculations above cryogenic temperatures.

  9. Characterization, expression and function analysis of DAX1 gene of scallop ( Chlamys farreri jones and preston 1904) during its gametogenesis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Hailong; Liu, Jianguo; Huang, Xiaoting; Wang, Dan; Zhang, Zhifeng

    2014-08-01

    DAX1, a member of nuclear receptor superfamily, has a function in the sex determination and gonadal differentiation of several vertebrate species. However, little information about DAX1 of invertebrates is available. Here we cloned a homolog of scallop ( Chlamys farreri Jones and Preston 1904) dax1, Cf-dax1, and determined its expression characteristics at mRNA and protein levels. The cDNA sequence of Cf-dax1 was 2093 bp in length, including 1404 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding 467 amino acids. Unlike those of vertebrates, no conserved LXXLL-related motif was found in the putative DNA binding region of Cf-DAX1. Fluorescence in situ hybridization showed that Cf-dax1 located on the short arm of a pair of subtelocentric chromosomes. Tissue distribution analysis using semi-quantitative RT-PCR revealed that Cf-dax1 expressed widely in adult scallop tissues, with the highest expression level found in adductor muscle, moderate level in mantle, gill and testis, and low level in kidney, ovary and hepatopancreas. The result of quantitative real-time PCR indicated that the expression of Cf-dax1 was significantly higher ( P<0.05) in testis than in ovary at the same stage, showing a sex-dimorphic expression pattern. Furthermore, immunohistochemical detection found that Cf-DAX1 mainly located in spermatogonia and spermatocytes of testis and in oogonia and oocytes of ovary, implying that DAX1 may involve in gametogenesis of bivalves.

  10. Reliability of the Jones Patellofemoral Osteoarthritis Score for Radiological Assessment of Patellofemoral Degenerative Changes: Comparing a Physiotherapist to Doctors

    PubMed Central

    Kang, S.-N.; De Sprenger Rover, W.B.; Walton, N.P.

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT Purpose: Radiological measurement scores are used by orthopaedic physiotherapists in triage and surveillance of patients with degenerative changes of the tibiofemoral and patellofemoral joints. The purpose of this study was to estimate the intra- and inter-observer reliability of a radiological measurement score to assess patellofemoral joint osteoarthritis, the Jones Patellofemoral Osteoarthritis Score (JPOS), with an orthopaedic physiotherapist and three grades of junior surgeons/doctors. Methods: A total of 390 skyline X-rays of the patellofemoral joint were reviewed on 2 occasions, 4 weeks apart, by an orthopaedic physiotherapist, 2 orthopaedic surgeons, and an orthopaedic doctor. Intra- and inter-observer reliability of the JPOS was calculated using a weighted kappa analysis. Results: The results indicated that while there was good overall intra-observer agreement for this measurement score for all assessors, inter-observer reliability was generally poor between the orthopaedic physiotherapist and the orthopaedic surgeons/doctor. Conclusion: Our findings call into question the use of the JPOS by orthopaedic physiotherapists working in triage or orthopaedic surveillance programmes with other orthopaedic clinicians. PMID:23729961

  11. Mapping the phase diagram for neon to a quantum Lennard-Jones fluid using Gibbs ensemble simulations.

    PubMed

    Georgescu, Ionuţ; Brown, Sandra E; Mandelshtam, Vladimir A

    2013-04-01

    In order to address the issue of whether neon liquid in coexistence with its gas phase can be mapped to a quantum Lennard-Jones (LJ) fluid, we perform a series of simulations using Gibbs ensemble Monte Carlo for a range of de Boer quantum parameters Λ=ℏ/(σ√(mε)). The quantum effects are incorporated by implementing the variational gaussian wavepacket method, which provides an efficient numerical framework for estimating the quantum density at thermal equilibrium. The computed data for the LJ liquid is used to produce its phase diagram as a function of the quantum parameter, 0.065 ≤ Λ ≤ 0.11. These data are then used to fit the experimental phase diagram for neon liquid. The resulting parameters, ε = 35.68 ± 0.03 K and σ = 2.7616 ± 0.0005 Å (Λ = 0.0940), of the LJ pair potential are optimized to best represent liquid neon in coexistence with its gas phase for a range of physically relevant temperatures. This multi-temperature approach towards fitting and assessing a pair-potential is much more consistent than merely fitting a single data point, such as a melting temperature or a second virial coefficient.

  12. Relaxation of surface tension in the free-surface boundary layer of simple Lennard-Jones liquids.

    PubMed

    Lukyanov, A V; Likhtman, A E

    2013-01-21

    In this paper we use molecular dynamics to answer a classical question: how does the surface tension on a liquid/gas interface appear? After defining surface tension from the first principles and performing several consistency checks, we perform a dynamic experiment with a single simple liquid nanodroplet. At time zero, we remove all molecules of the interfacial layer, creating a fresh bare interface with the bulk arrangement of molecules. After that the system evolves towards equilibrium, and the expected surface tension is re-established. We found that the system relaxation consists of three distinct stages. First, the mechanical balance is quickly re-established. During this process the notion of surface tension is meaningless. In the second stage, the surface tension equilibrates, and the density profile broadens to a value which we call "intrinsic" interfacial width. During the third stage, the density profile continues to broaden due to capillary wave excitations, which does not however affect the surface tension. We have observed this scenario for monatomic Lennard-Jones (LJ) liquid as well as for binary LJ mixtures at different temperatures, monitoring a wide range of physical observables.

  13. Hydrogeology of aquifers in Cretaceous and younger rocks in the vicinity of Onslow and southern Jones counties, North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Lyke, W.L.; Winner, M.D.

    1990-01-01

    Unconsolidated sediments in Onslow and Jones Counties, North Carolina overlie crystalline basement rocks and range in thickness from about 700 ft to more than 1,800 ft, thickening toward the east. This material is composed of permeable sand and limestone interlayered with relatively impermeable clay and silt beds. Sediments are divided into two groups: aquifers in Quaternary-, and Tertiary-aged rocks and aquifers in Cretaceous-aged rocks. Aquifers in the Cretaceous rocks provide most of the groundwater for public supplies and are the focus of this report. The aquifers in Cretaceous rocks are the Peedee, Black Creek, upper Cape Fear, and lower Cape Fear aquifers, which are composed of beds or groups of beds of sand and gravel. Each aquifer is overlain by a clay and silt bed, that impedes the flow of water between aquifers. The thickness of Cretaceous hydrogeologic units ranges from about 700 ft to more than 1, 300 ft. Hydrogeologic units are correlated using 60 geophysical logs and accompanying drillers ' logs along with water level and water quality data. Three hydrogeologic sections demonstrate the continuity of the aquifers and confining units, show water levels and chloride concentration in water from test intervals, and delineate where chloride concentration in water exceeds 250 mg/L within each aquifer. Maps of each aquifer in Cretaceous rocks show altitude of its top, thickness, sand percentage, and the transition from freshwater to saltwater. Maps of the confining units show thickness and sand percentage of each.

  14. Mapping the phase diagram for neon to a quantum Lennard-Jones fluid using Gibbs ensemble simulations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Georgescu, Ionuţ; Brown, Sandra E.; Mandelshtam, Vladimir A.

    2013-04-01

    In order to address the issue of whether neon liquid in coexistence with its gas phase can be mapped to a quantum Lennard-Jones (LJ) fluid, we perform a series of simulations using Gibbs ensemble Monte Carlo for a range of de Boer quantum parameters Λ =hbar /(σ √{mɛ }). The quantum effects are incorporated by implementing the variational Gaussian wavepacket method, which provides an efficient numerical framework for estimating the quantum density at thermal equilibrium. The computed data for the LJ liquid is used to produce its phase diagram as a function of the quantum parameter, 0.065 ⩽ Λ ⩽ 0.11. These data are then used to fit the experimental phase diagram for neon liquid. The resulting parameters, ɛ = 35.68 ± 0.03 K and σ = 2.7616 ± 0.0005 Å (Λ = 0.0940), of the LJ pair potential are optimized to best represent liquid neon in coexistence with its gas phase for a range of physically relevant temperatures. This multi-temperature approach towards fitting and assessing a pair-potential is much more consistent than merely fitting a single data point, such as a melting temperature or a second virial coefficient.

  15. Coexistence and interfacial properties of a triangle-well mimicking the Lennard-Jones fluid and a comparison with noble gases.

    PubMed

    Bárcenas, M; Reyes, Y; Romero-Martínez, A; Odriozola, G; Orea, P

    2015-02-21

    Coexistence and interfacial properties of a triangle-well (TW) fluid are obtained with the aim of mimicking the Lennard-Jones (LJ) potential and approach the properties of noble gases. For this purpose, the scope of the TW is varied to match vapor-liquid densities and surface tension. Surface tension and coexistence curves of TW systems with different ranges were calculated with replica exchange Monte Carlo and compared to those data previously reported in the literature for truncated and shifted (STS), truncated (ST), and full Lennard-Jones (full-LJ) potentials. We observed that the scope of the TW potential must be increased to approach the STS, ST, and full-LJ properties. In spite of the simplicity of TW expression, a remarkable agreement is found. Furthermore, the variable scope of the TW allows for a good match of the experimental data of argon and xenon. PMID:25702023

  16. Health assessment for Jones Industrial Services (JIS) landfill, South Brunswick Township, Middlesex County, New Jersey, Region 2. CERCLIS No. NJD097400998 (amended June 10, 1991). Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-06-10

    The Jones Industrial Landfill site began as a 33 acre pit that had been excavated to provide soil needed during the construction of the New Jersey Turnpike. Landfilling operations reportedly began in 1955. In the 1960's, as part of the landfilling operation, toxic chemicals were dumped into the pit. The site is currently ranked 45 of 110 Superfund sites in New Jersey. The primary pathway of concern is the domestic use of contaminated groundwater. Residents near the JIS landfill have experienced contamination of their well water since 1975. On the basis of the information reviewed, ATSDR and NJDOH have concluded that the site is of public health concern because humans have probably been exposed to VOCs, heavy metals, phthalates and pesticides at concentrations that may result in adverse health effects. The Jones Industrial Services Landfill site is being considered for appropriate follow-up health study and evaluation.

  17. "No interest in human anatomy as such": Frederic Wood Jones dissects anatomical investigation in the United States in the 1920s.

    PubMed

    Jones, Ross L

    2014-03-01

    In 1926, Frederic Wood Jones, professor of Anatomy at the University of Adelaide and a leading figure in the British anatomical world, took a Rockefeller Foundation funded trip to the United States in order to inspect anatomy programmes and medical museums and to meet leading figures in the anatomical and anthropological world. His later reflections paint a picture of a discipline in transition. Physical anthropology and gross anatomy were coming to a crisis point in the United States, increasingly displaced by research in histology, embryology and radiological anatomy. Meanwhile, in Britain and its colonial outposts, anatomists such as Wood Jones were attempting to re-invigorate the discipline in the field, studying biological specimens as functional and active agents in their particular milieus, but with human dissection at the core. Thus, an examination of this trip allows us to see how the interaction between two traditions in anatomy informed the process of the development of human biology in this critical period.

  18. A density functional theory study of magneto-electric Jones birefringence of noble gases, furan homologues, and mono-substituted benzenes

    SciTech Connect

    Fahleson, Tobias; Norman, Patrick; Coriani, Sonia; Rizzo, Antonio; Rikken, Geert L. J. A.

    2013-11-21

    We report on the results of a systematic ab initio study of the Jones birefringence of noble gases, of furan homologues, and of monosubstituted benzenes, in the gas phase, with the aim of analyzing the behavior and the trends within a list of systems of varying size and complexity, and of identifying candidates for a combined experimental/theoretical study of the effect. We resort here to analytic linear and nonlinear response functions in the framework of time-dependent density functional theory. A correlation is made between the observable (the Jones constant) and the atomic radius for noble gases, or the permanent electric dipole and a structure/chemical reactivity descriptor as the para Hammett constant for substituted benzenes.

  19. Coexistence and interfacial properties of a triangle-well mimicking the Lennard-Jones fluid and a comparison with noble gases.

    PubMed

    Bárcenas, M; Reyes, Y; Romero-Martínez, A; Odriozola, G; Orea, P

    2015-02-21

    Coexistence and interfacial properties of a triangle-well (TW) fluid are obtained with the aim of mimicking the Lennard-Jones (LJ) potential and approach the properties of noble gases. For this purpose, the scope of the TW is varied to match vapor-liquid densities and surface tension. Surface tension and coexistence curves of TW systems with different ranges were calculated with replica exchange Monte Carlo and compared to those data previously reported in the literature for truncated and shifted (STS), truncated (ST), and full Lennard-Jones (full-LJ) potentials. We observed that the scope of the TW potential must be increased to approach the STS, ST, and full-LJ properties. In spite of the simplicity of TW expression, a remarkable agreement is found. Furthermore, the variable scope of the TW allows for a good match of the experimental data of argon and xenon.

  20. Topological quantum computation within the anyonic system the Kauffman-Jones version of SU(2) Chern-Simons theory at level 4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Levaillant, Claire

    2016-03-01

    By braiding and measuring anyons, we realize irrational qubit and qutrit phase gates within the anyonic system the Kauffman-Jones version of SU(2) Chern-Simons theory at level 4. We obtain universality on 1-qubit and 1-qutrit gates. In the qubit case, we also provide a protocol for realizing the controlled NOT gate, thus leading to universality on n-qubit gates.

  1. Holocene environmental and parasequence development of the St. Jones Estuary, Delaware (USA): Foraminiferal proxies of natural climatic and anthropogenic change

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Leorri, E.; Martin, R.; McLaughlin, P.

    2006-01-01

    The benthic foraminiferal record of marshes located along western Delaware Bay (St. Jones Estuary, USA) reflects the response of estuaries to sea-level and paleoclimate change during the Holocene. System tracts are recognized and within them parasequences based on sedimentological and foraminiferal assemblages identification. The parasequences defined by foraminiferal assemblages appear correlative with rapid Holocene climate changes that are of worldwide significance: 6000-5000, 4200-3800, 3500-2500, 1200-1000, and 600??cal years BP. Following postglacial sea-level rise, modern subestuaries and marshes in the region began to develop between 6000 and 4000??years BP, depending on their proximity to the mouth of Delaware Bay and coastal geomorphology. Initial sediments were fluvial in origin, with freshwater marshes established around 4000??years BP. The subsequent sea-level transgression occurred sufficiently slowly that freshwater marshes alternated with salt marshes at the same sites to around 3000??years BP. Locally another two transgressions are identified at 1800 and 1000??years BP respectively. Marine influence increased in the estuaries until 600??years BP (Little Ice Age), when regression occurred. Sea-level began to rise again during the mid-19th Century at the end of the Little Ice Age, when marshes became established. The presence of a sand lens in the upper and middle estuary and the reduction in the number of tests in the top samples in cores from the same area also suggest an anthropogenic influence. The estuary infill resulted in a sharp transgressive sequence, represented by salt marsh foraminiferal assemblages in the upper part of the cores. The increase in marsh foraminifera in both areas suggests an increase in marine influence that might be due to the transgression beginning at the end of the Little Ice Age about 150-180??years ago coupled with anthropogenic straightening of the channel in 1913. ?? 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Dependence of diffusivity on density and solute diameter in liquid phase: a molecular dynamics study of Lennard-Jones system.

    PubMed

    Varanasi, Srinivasa R; Kumar, Parveen; Yashonath, S

    2012-04-14

    Investigations into the variation of self-diffusivity with solute radius, density, and degree of disorder of the host medium is explored. The system consists of a binary mixture of a relatively smaller sized solute, whose size is varied and a larger sized solvent interacting via Lennard-Jones potential. Calculations have been performed at three different reduced densities of 0.7, 0.8, and 0.933. These simulations show that diffusivity exhibits a maximum for some intermediate size of the solute when the solute diameter is varied. The maximum is found at the same size of the solute at all densities which is at variance with the prediction of the levitation effect. In order to understand this anomaly, additional simulations were carried out in which the degree of disorder has been varied while keeping the density constant. The results show that the diffusivity maximum gradually disappears with increase in disorder. Disorder has been characterized by means of the minimal spanning tree. Simulations have also been carried out in which the degree of disorder is constant and only the density is altered. The results from these simulations show that the maximum in diffusivity now shifts to larger distances with decrease in density. This is in agreement with the changes in void and neck distribution with density of the host medium. These results are in excellent agreement with the predictions of the levitation effect. They suggest that the effect of disorder is to shift the maximum in diffusivity towards smaller solute radius while that of the decrease in density is to shift it towards larger solute radius. Thus, in real systems where the degree of disorder is lower at higher density and vice versa, the effect due to density and disorder have opposing influences. These are confirmed by the changes seen in the velocity autocorrelation function, self part of the intermediate scattering function and activation energy.

  3. Computer simulation study of the global phase behavior of linear rigid Lennard-Jones chain molecules: comparison with flexible models.

    PubMed

    Galindo, A; Vega, C; Sanz, E; MacDowell, L G; de Miguel, E; Blas, F J

    2004-02-22

    The global phase behavior (i.e., vapor-liquid and fluid-solid equilibria) of rigid linear Lennard-Jones (LJ) chain molecules is studied. The phase diagrams for three-center and five-center rigid model molecules are obtained by computer simulation. The segment-segment bond lengths are L = sigma, so that models of tangent monomers are considered in this study. The vapor-liquid equilibrium conditions are obtained using the Gibbs ensemble Monte Carlo method and by performing isobaric-isothermal NPT calculations at zero pressure. The phase envelopes and critical conditions are compared with those of flexible LJ molecules of tangent segments. An increase in the critical temperature of linear rigid chains with respect to their flexible counterparts is observed. In the limit of infinitely long chains the critical temperature of linear rigid LJ chains of tangent segments seems to be higher than that of flexible LJ chains. The solid-fluid equilibrium is obtained by Gibbs-Duhem integration, and by performing NPT simulations at zero pressure. A stabilization of the solid phase, an increase in the triple-point temperature, and a widening of the transition region are observed for linear rigid chains when compared to flexible chains with the same number of segments. The triple-point temperature of linear rigid LJ chains increases dramatically with chain length. The results of this work suggest that the fluid-vapor transition could be metastable with respect to the fluid-solid transition for chains with more than six LJ monomer units.

  4. A search for site-filling ligands in the Mcg Bence-Jones dimer: crystal binding studies of fluorescent compounds.

    PubMed

    Edmundson, A B; Ely, K R; Herron, J N

    1984-07-01

    In trigonal crystals grown in 1.9 M ammonium sulfate buffered at pH 6.2, the Mcg light-chain (Bence-Jones) dimer has a highly aromatic binding cavity accessible to a wide range of hydrophobic and aromatic ligands. A search was made for site-filling ligands by diffusing compounds into the crystals and determining their locations, orientations and relative occupancies by difference Fourier analysis at 2.7-A resolution. 1-Anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonate, a small ligand in comparison with the rest of the series, initially occupied a site in the main binding cavity. With time, however, this ligand changed its position to the deep binding pocket beyond the floor of the main cavity. The original binding site remained vacant, despite the presence of a large excess of ligand in the soaking solution. Ligands increasing in size from fluorescein to bis(N-methyl)acridine (lucigenin) to dimers of carboxytetramethylrhodamine were found to bind with stringent stereospecificity in the main cavity, but the mode of binding was different in each case. The dimer of the 6-isomer of carboxytetramethylrhodamine, in which the two carboxyl groups are in para positions on the phenyl moiety, proved to be an effective site-filling ligand. The differences in the binding properties of dimers of 5- and 6-carboxytetramethylrhodamine led to an explanation for isomeric discrimination in the binding site. There were extensive conformational changes in the binding cavity to accommodate the ligands, particularly 6-carboxytetramethylrhodamine. The second and third hypervariable loops proved very flexible, and moved in ways to expand the binding site. The side chains of key tyrosine and phenylalanine residues in the site were also highly mobile. Their orientations adjusted to optimize complementarity with the ligands. These conformational adjustments are consistent with the tenets of a limited neo-instructive theory of ligand binding.

  5. An efficient method for the determination of fourth virial coefficient with Lennard-Jones (12-6) potential and its application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mamedov, Bahtiyar A.; Somuncu, Elif; Askerov, Iskender M.

    2016-08-01

    In this work, a new theoretical approach is proposed for calculating fourth virial coefficient with Leonard-Jones potential. The established algorithm can be used to evaluate the thermodynamics properties and the intermolecular interaction potentials of liquids and gases with an improved accuracy. Note that the evaluation of the high-order virial coefficients is very valuable for accurate calculation of thermodynamic parameters. By using the suggested method, the fourth virial coefficient of CH4, Ar,C2H6 and SF6 molecules are evaluated. The calculation results are useful for accurate interpretation of the experimental data and of the determination of related physical properties.

  6. Strength of semiconductors, metals, and ceramics evaluated by a microscopic cleavage model with Morse-type and Lennard-Jones-type interaction

    SciTech Connect

    Hess, Peter

    2014-08-07

    An improved microscopic cleavage model, based on a Morse-type and Lennard-Jones-type interaction instead of the previously employed half-sine function, is used to determine the maximum cleavage strength for the brittle materials diamond, tungsten, molybdenum, silicon, GaAs, silica, and graphite. The results of both interaction potentials are in much better agreement with the theoretical strength values obtained by ab initio calculations for diamond, tungsten, molybdenum, and silicon than the previous model. Reasonable estimates of the intrinsic strength are presented for GaAs, silica, and graphite, where first principles values are not available.

  7. Accuracy of temperature-derivative of radial distribution function calculated under approximations in Ornstein-Zernike theory for one-component Lennard-Jones fluid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miyata, Tatsuhiko; Miyazaki, Sanae

    2016-08-01

    The accuracy of the temperature derivative of radial distribution function obtained under hypernetted chain (HNC), Kovalenko-Hirata (KH), Percus-Yevick (PY) and Verlet-modified (VM) closure approximations is examined for one-component Lennard-Jones fluid. As relevant thermodynamic quantities, constant-volume heat capacity and thermal pressure coefficient are investigated in terms of their accuracy under the above four approximations. It is found that HNC and KH closures overestimate these quantities, whereas PY closure tends to underestimate them. VM closure predicts rather accurately the quantities. A significant cancellation is observed along the integration for the above quantities under HNC and KH closures, especially at high density state.

  8. Communication: Studies of the Lennard-Jones fluid in 2, 3, and 4 dimensions highlight the need for a liquid-state 1/d expansion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Costigliola, Lorenzo; Schrøder, Thomas B.; Dyre, Jeppe C.

    2016-06-01

    The recent theoretical prediction by Maimbourg and Kurchan [e-print arXiv:1603.05023 (2016)] that for regular pair-potential systems the virial potential-energy correlation coefficient increases towards unity as the dimension d goes to infinity is investigated for the standard 12-6 Lennard-Jones fluid. This is done by computer simulations for d = 2, 3, 4 going from the critical point along the critical isotherm/isochore to higher density/temperature. In both cases the virial potential-energy correlation coefficient increases significantly. For a given density and temperature relative to the critical point, with increasing number of dimension the Lennard-Jones system conforms better to the hidden-scale-invariance property characterized by high virial potential-energy correlations (a property that leads to the existence of isomorphs in the thermodynamic phase diagram, implying that it becomes effectively one-dimensional in regard to structure and dynamics). The present paper also gives the first numerical demonstration of isomorph invariance of structure and dynamics in four dimensions. Our findings emphasize the need for a universally applicable 1/d expansion in liquid-state theory; we conjecture that the systems known to obey hidden scale invariance in three dimensions are those for which the yet-to-be-developed 1/d expansion converges rapidly.

  9. Communication: Studies of the Lennard-Jones fluid in 2, 3, and 4 dimensions highlight the need for a liquid-state 1/d expansion.

    PubMed

    Costigliola, Lorenzo; Schrøder, Thomas B; Dyre, Jeppe C

    2016-06-21

    The recent theoretical prediction by Maimbourg and Kurchan [e-print arXiv:1603.05023 (2016)] that for regular pair-potential systems the virial potential-energy correlation coefficient increases towards unity as the dimension d goes to infinity is investigated for the standard 12-6 Lennard-Jones fluid. This is done by computer simulations for d = 2, 3, 4 going from the critical point along the critical isotherm/isochore to higher density/temperature. In both cases the virial potential-energy correlation coefficient increases significantly. For a given density and temperature relative to the critical point, with increasing number of dimension the Lennard-Jones system conforms better to the hidden-scale-invariance property characterized by high virial potential-energy correlations (a property that leads to the existence of isomorphs in the thermodynamic phase diagram, implying that it becomes effectively one-dimensional in regard to structure and dynamics). The present paper also gives the first numerical demonstration of isomorph invariance of structure and dynamics in four dimensions. Our findings emphasize the need for a universally applicable 1/d expansion in liquid-state theory; we conjecture that the systems known to obey hidden scale invariance in three dimensions are those for which the yet-to-be-developed 1/d expansion converges rapidly. PMID:27334147

  10. Hydration free energy of a Model Lennard-Jones solute particle: Microscopic Monte Carlo simulation studies, and interpretation based on mesoscopic models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gruziel, Magdalena; Rudnicki, Witold R.; Lesyng, Bogdan

    2008-02-01

    In this study, the hydration of a model Lennard-Jones solute particle and the analytical approximations of the free energy of hydration as functions of solute microscopic parameters are analyzed. The control parameters of the solute particle are the charge, the Lennard-Jones diameter, and also the potential well depth. The obtained multivariate free energy functions of hydration were parametrized based on Metropolis Monte Carlo simulations in the extended NpT ensemble, and interpreted based on mesoscopic solvation models proposed by Gallicchio and Levy [J. Comput. Chem. 25, 479 (2004)], and Wagoner and Baker [Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103, 8331 (2006)]. Regarding the charge and the solute diameter, the dependence of the free energy on these parameters is in qualitative agreement with former studies. The role of the third parameter, the potential well depth not previously considered, appeared to be significant for sufficiently precise bivariate solvation free energy fits. The free energy fits for cations and neutral solute particles were merged, resulting in a compact manifold of the free energy of solvation. The free energy of hydration for anions forms two separate manifolds, which most likely results from an abrupt change of the coordination number when changing the size of the anion particle.

  11. Health assessment for Jones Industrial Services Landfill, South Brunswick Township, Middlesex County, New Jersey, Region 2. CERCLIS No. NJD097400998. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-07-30

    The Jones Industrial Landfill site began as a 33-acre pit that had been excavated to provide soil needed during the construction of the New Jersey Turnpike. Landfilling operations reportedly began in 1955. In the 1960's, as part of the landfilling operation, toxic chemicals were dumped into the pit. The site is currently ranked 45 of 110 Superfund sites in New Jersey. The primary pathway of concern is the domestic use of contaminated groundwater. Residents near the JIS landfill have experienced contamination of their well water since 1975. On-site contamination of groundwater and soil has occurred predominantly by volatile organic compounds (VOCs), pesticides and heavy metals. On the basis of the information reviewed, ATSDR and NJDOH have concluded that the site is of public health concern because humans have probably been exposed to VOCs, heavy metals, phthalates and pesticides at concentrations that may result in adverse health effects. The Jones Industrial Services Landfill site is being considered for appropriate follow-up health study and evaluation.

  12. Prediction of phase behavior of nanoconfined Lennard-Jones fluids with density functional theory based on the first-order mean spherical approximation.

    PubMed

    Mi, Jianguo; Tang, Yiping; Zhong, Chongli; Li, Yi-Gui

    2006-04-14

    The recently proposed first-order mean spherical approximation (FMSA) [Y. Tang, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 10605 (2004)] for inhomogeneous fluids is extended to study the phase behavior of nanoconfined Lennard-Jones fluids, which is consistent with the phase equilibria calculation of the corresponding bulk fluid. With a combination of fundamental measure theory, FMSA provides Helmholtz free energy and direct correlation function to formulate density functional theory, which implementation is as easy as the mean-field theory. Following previous success in predicting density profiles inside slit pores, this work is focused specially on the vapor-liquid equilibrium of the Lennard-Jones fluids inside these pores. It is found that outside the critical region FMSA predicts well the equilibrium diagram of slit pores with the sizes of 5.0, 7.5, and 10 molecular diameters by comparing with available computer simulation data. As a quantitative method, FMSA can be treated as an extension from its bulk calculation, while the mean-field theory is only qualitative, as its bulk version.

  13. Rational Design of Particle Mesh Ewald Compatible Lennard-Jones Parameters for +2 Metal Cations in Explicit Solvent

    PubMed Central

    Li, Pengfei; Roberts, Benjamin P.; Chakravorty, Dhruva K.; Merz, Kenneth M.

    2013-01-01

    Metal ions play significant roles in biological systems. Accurate molecular dynamics (MD) simulations on these systems require a validated set of parameters. Although there are more detailed ways to model metal ions, the nonbonded model, which employs a 12-6 Lennard-Jones (LJ) term plus an electrostatic potential is still widely used in MD simulations today due to its simple form. However, LJ parameters have limited transferability due to different combining rules, various water models and diverse simulation methods. Recently, simulations employing a Particle Mesh Ewald (PME) treatment for long-range electrostatics have become more and more popular owing to their speed and accuracy. In the present work we have systematically designed LJ parameters for 24 +2 metal (M(II)) cations to reproduce different experimental properties appropriate for the Lorentz-Berthelot combining rules and PME simulations. We began by testing the transferability of currently available M(II) ion LJ parameters. The results showed that there are differences between simulations employing Ewald summation with other simulation methods and that it was necessary to design new parameters specific for PME based simulations. Employing the thermodynamic integration (TI) method and performing periodic boundary MD simulations employing PME, allowed for the systematic investigation of the LJ parameter space. Hydration free energies (HFEs), the ion-oxygen distance in the first solvation shell (IOD) and coordination numbers (CNs) were obtained for various combinations of the parameters of the LJ potential for four widely used water models (TIP3P, SPC/E, TIP4P and TIP4PEW). Results showed that the three simulated properties were highly correlated. Meanwhile, M(II) ions with the same parameters in different water models produce remarkably different HFEs but similar structural properties. It is difficult to reproduce various experimental values simultaneously because the nonbonded model underestimates the

  14. Equation of state and some structural and dynamical properties of the confined Lennard-Jones fluid into carbon nanotube: A molecular dynamics study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abbaspour, Mohsen; Akbarzadeh, Hamed; Salemi, Sirous; Abroodi, Mousarreza

    2016-11-01

    By considering the anisotropic pressure tensor, two separate equations of state (EoS) as functions of the density, temperature, and carbon nanotube (CNT) diameter have been proposed for the radial and axial directions for the confined Lennard-Jones (LJ) fluid into (11,11), (12,10), and (19,0) CNTs from 120 to 600 K using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. We have also investigated the effects of the pore size, pore loading, chirality, and temperature on some of the structural and dynamical properties of the confined LJ fluid into (11,11), (12,10), (19,0), and (19,19) CNTs such as the radial density profile and self-diffusion coefficient. We have also determined the EoS for the confined LJ fluid into double and triple walled CNTs.

  15. Accurate Monte Carlo simulations on FCC and HCP Lennard-Jones solids at very low temperatures and high reduced densities up to 1.30.

    PubMed

    Adidharma, Hertanto; Tan, Sugata P

    2016-07-01

    Canonical Monte Carlo simulations on face-centered cubic (FCC) and hexagonal closed packed (HCP) Lennard-Jones (LJ) solids are conducted at very low temperatures (0.10 ≤ T(∗) ≤ 1.20) and high densities (0.96 ≤ ρ(∗) ≤ 1.30). A simple and robust method is introduced to determine whether or not the cutoff distance used in the simulation is large enough to provide accurate thermodynamic properties, which enables us to distinguish the properties of FCC from that of HCP LJ solids with confidence, despite their close similarities. Free-energy expressions derived from the simulation results are also proposed, not only to describe the properties of those individual structures but also the FCC-liquid, FCC-vapor, and FCC-HCP solid phase equilibria.

  16. Optical Layout Analysis of Polarization Interference Imaging Spectrometer by Jones Calculus in View of both Optical Throughput and Interference Fringe Visibility

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Xuanni; Zhang, Chunmin

    2013-01-01

    A polarization interference imaging spectrometer based on Savart polariscope was presented. Its optical throughput was analyzed by Jones calculus. The throughput expression was given, and clearly showed that the optical throughput mainly depended on the intensity of incident light, transmissivity, refractive index and the layout of optical system. The simulation and analysis gave the optimum layout in view of both optical throughput and interference fringe visibility, and verified that the layout of our former design was optimum. The simulation showed that a small deviation from the optimum layout influenced interference fringe visibility little for the optimum one, but influenced severely for others, so a small deviation is admissible in the optimum, and this can mitigate the manufacture difficulty. These results pave the way for further research and engineering design.

  17. Density functional theory of size-dependent surface tension of Lennard-Jones fluid droplets using a double well type Helmholtz free energy functional.

    PubMed

    Ghosh, Satinath; Ghosh, Swapan K

    2011-09-28

    A double well type Helmholtz free energy density functional and a model density profile for a two phase vapor-liquid system are used to obtain the size-dependent interfacial properties of the vapor-liquid interface at coexistence condition along the lines of van der Waals and Cahn and Hilliard density functional formalism of the interface. The surface tension, temperature-density curve, density profile, and thickness of the interface of Lennard-Jones fluid droplet-vapor equilibrium, as predicted in this work are reported. The planar interfacial properties, obtained from consideration of large radius of the liquid drop, are in good agreement with the results of other earlier theories and experiments. The same free energy model has been tested by solving the equations numerically, and the results compare well with those from the use of model density profile. PMID:21974555

  18. Accurate Monte Carlo simulations on FCC and HCP Lennard-Jones solids at very low temperatures and high reduced densities up to 1.30

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adidharma, Hertanto; Tan, Sugata P.

    2016-07-01

    Canonical Monte Carlo simulations on face-centered cubic (FCC) and hexagonal closed packed (HCP) Lennard-Jones (LJ) solids are conducted at very low temperatures (0.10 ≤ T∗ ≤ 1.20) and high densities (0.96 ≤ ρ∗ ≤ 1.30). A simple and robust method is introduced to determine whether or not the cutoff distance used in the simulation is large enough to provide accurate thermodynamic properties, which enables us to distinguish the properties of FCC from that of HCP LJ solids with confidence, despite their close similarities. Free-energy expressions derived from the simulation results are also proposed, not only to describe the properties of those individual structures but also the FCC-liquid, FCC-vapor, and FCC-HCP solid phase equilibria.

  19. Universal scaling of potential energy functions describing intermolecular interactions. I. Foundations and scalable forms of new generalized Mie, Lennard-Jones, Morse, and Buckingham exponential-6 potentials

    SciTech Connect

    Xantheas, Sotiris S.; Werhahn, Jasper C.

    2014-08-14

    Based on the formulation of the analytical expression of the potential V(r) describing intermolecular interactions in terms of the dimensionless variables r*=r/rm and !*=V/!, where rm is the separation at the minimum and ! the well depth, we propose more generalized scalable forms for the commonly used Lennard-Jones, Mie, Morse and Buckingham exponential-6 potential energy functions (PEFs). These new generalized forms have an additional parameter from and revert to the original ones for some choice of that parameter. In this respect, the original forms can be considered as special cases of the more general forms that are introduced. We also propose a scalable, but nonrevertible to the original one, 4-parameter extended Morse potential.

  20. Hypernetted-chain investigation of the random first-order transition of a Lennard-Jones liquid to an ideal glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bomont, Jean-Marc; Hansen, Jean-Pierre; Pastore, Giorgio

    2015-10-01

    The structural and thermodynamic behavior of a deeply supercooled Lennard-Jones liquid, and its random first-order transition (RFOT) to an ideal glass is investigated, using a system of two weakly coupled replicas and the hypernetted chain integral equation for the pair structure of this symmetric binary system. A systematic search in the density-temperature plane points to the existence of two glass branches below a density-dependent threshold temperature. The branch of lower free energy exhibits a rapid growth of the structural overlap order parameter upon cooling and may be identified with the ideal glass phase conjectured by several authors for both spin and structural glasses. The RFOT, signaled by a sharp discontinuity of the order parameter, is predicted to be weakly first order from a thermodynamic viewpoint. The transition temperature Tcr increases rapidly with density and approximately obeys a scaling relation valid for a reference system of particles interacting via a purely repulsive 1 /r18 potential.

  1. Comparison of the three-dimensional structures of a human Bence-Jones dimer crystallized on Earth and aboard US Space Shuttle Mission STS-95.

    PubMed

    Terzyan, Simon S; Bourne, Christina R; Ramsland, Paul A; Bourne, Philip C; Edmundson, Allen B

    2003-01-01

    Crystals of a human (Sea) Bence-Jones dimer were produced in a capillary by vapor diffusion under microgravity conditions in the 9 day US Space Shuttle Mission STS-95. In comparison to ground-based experiments, nucleation was facile and spontaneous in space. Appearance of a very large (8 x 1.6 x 1.0 mm) crystal in a short time period is a strong endorsement for the use of microgravity to produce crystals sufficiently large for neutron diffraction studies. The Sea dimer crystallized in the orthorhombic space group P2(1)2(1)2(1), with a = 48.9 A, b = 85.2 A, and c = 114.0 A. The crystals grown in microgravity exhibited significantly lower mosaicities than those of ground-based crystals and the X-ray diffraction data had a lower overall B factor. Three-dimensional structures determined by X-ray analysis at two temperatures (100 and 293 K) were indistinguishable from those obtained from ground-based crystals. However, both the crystallographic R factor and the free R factor were slightly lower in the models derived from crystals produced in microgravity. The major difference between the two crystal growth systems is a lack of convection and sedimentation in a microgravity environment. This environment resulted in the growth of much larger, higher-quality crystals of the Sea Bence-Jones protein. Structurally, heretofore unrecognized grooves on the external surfaces of the Sea and other immunoglobulin-derived fragments are regular features and may offer supplementary binding regions for super antigens and other elongated ligands in the bloodstream and perivascular tissues.

  2. Derivation of a general fluid equation of state based on the quasiGaussian entropy theory: application to the Lennard-Jones fluid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amadei, A.; Apol, M. E. F.; Chillemi, G.; Berendsen, H. J. C.; di Nola, A.

    In this article we present an equation of state for fluids, based on the quasi-Gaussian entropy theory. The temperature dependence along isochores is described by a confined Gamma state, previously introduced, combined with a simple perturbation term. The 11 parameters occurring in the free energy and pressure expressions along the isochores are obtained from molecular dynamics simulation data. The equation of state has been parametrized for the Lennard-Jones fluid in the (reduced) density range 0-1.0 and (reduced) temperature range 1.0-20.0 using (partly new) NVT molecular dynamics simulation data. An excellent agreement for both energy and pressure was obtained. To test the ability to extrapolate to unknown state points, the parametrization was also performed on a smaller set of data in the temperature range 1.0-6.0. The results in the two cases are remarkably close, even in the high temperature range, and are often almost indistinguishable, in contrast to a pure empirical equation of state, like for example the modified Benedict-Webb-Rubin equation. The coexistence line agrees in general very well with Gibbs ensemble and NpT simulation results, and only very close to the critical point there are deviations. Our estimate of the critical point for both parametrizations is somewhat different from the best estimate based on Gibbs ensemble simulations, but is in excellent agreement with other estimates based on NVT simulations and integral equations.

  3. Self-consistent phonons revisited. I. The role of thermal versus quantum fluctuations on structural transitions in large Lennard-Jones clusters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Georgescu, Ionuţ; Mandelshtam, Vladimir A.

    2012-10-01

    The theory of self-consistent phonons (SCP) was originally developed to address the anharmonic effects in condensed matter systems. The method seeks a harmonic, temperature-dependent Hamiltonian that provides the "best fit" for the physical Hamiltonian, the "best fit" being defined as the one that optimizes the Helmholtz free energy at a fixed temperature. The present developments provide a scalable O(N) unified framework that accounts for anharmonic effects in a many-body system, when it is probed by either thermal (ℏ → 0) or quantum fluctuations (T → 0). In these important limits, the solution of the nonlinear SCP equations can be reached in a manner that requires only the multiplication of 3N × 3N matrices, with no need of diagonalization. For short range potentials, such as Lennard-Jones, the Hessian, and other related matrices are highly sparse, so that the scaling of the matrix multiplications can be reduced from O(N3) to ˜ O(N). We investigate the role of quantum effects by continuously varying the de-Boer quantum delocalization parameter Λ and report the N-Λ (T = 0), and also the classical N-T (Λ = 0) phase diagrams for sizes up to N ˜ 104. Our results demonstrate that the harmonic approximation becomes inadequate already for such weakly quantum systems as neon clusters, or for classical systems much below the melting temperatures.

  4. Hypernetted-chain investigation of the random first-order transition of a Lennard-Jones liquid to an ideal glass.

    PubMed

    Bomont, Jean-Marc; Hansen, Jean-Pierre; Pastore, Giorgio

    2015-10-01

    The structural and thermodynamic behavior of a deeply supercooled Lennard-Jones liquid, and its random first-order transition (RFOT) to an ideal glass is investigated, using a system of two weakly coupled replicas and the hypernetted chain integral equation for the pair structure of this symmetric binary system. A systematic search in the density-temperature plane points to the existence of two glass branches below a density-dependent threshold temperature. The branch of lower free energy exhibits a rapid growth of the structural overlap order parameter upon cooling and may be identified with the ideal glass phase conjectured by several authors for both spin and structural glasses. The RFOT, signaled by a sharp discontinuity of the order parameter, is predicted to be weakly first order from a thermodynamic viewpoint. The transition temperature T(cr) increases rapidly with density and approximately obeys a scaling relation valid for a reference system of particles interacting via a purely repulsive 1/r(18) potential.

  5. Psychology, not educational neuroscience, is the way forward for improving educational outcomes for all children: Reply to Gabrieli (2016) and Howard-Jones et al. (2016).

    PubMed

    Bowers, Jeffrey S

    2016-10-01

    In Bowers (2016), I argued that there are (a) practical problems with educational neuroscience (EN) that explain why there are no examples of EN improving teaching and (b) principled problems with the logic motivating EN that explain why it is likely that there never will be. In the following article, I consider the main responses raised by both Gabrieli (2016) and Howard-Jones et al. (2016) and find them all unconvincing. Following this exchange, there are still no examples of EN providing new insights to teaching in the classroom, there are still no examples of EN providing new insights to remedial instructions for individuals, and, as I detail in this article, there is no evidence that EN is useful for the diagnosis of learning difficulties. The authors have also failed to address the reasons why EN is unlikely to benefit educational outcomes in the future. Psychology, by contrast, can (and has) made important discoveries that can (and should) be used to improve teaching and diagnostic tests for learning difficulties. This is not a debate about whether science is relevant to education, rather it is about what sort of science is relevant. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:27657442

  6. Development of molecular closures for the reference interaction site model theory with application to square-well and Lennard-Jones homonuclear diatomics.

    PubMed

    Munaò, Gianmarco; Costa, Dino; Caccamo, Carlo

    2016-10-19

    Inspired by significant improvements obtained for the performances of the polymer reference interaction site model (PRISM) theory of the fluid phase when coupled with 'molecular closures' (Schweizer and Yethiraj 1993 J. Chem. Phys. 98 9053), we exploit a matrix generalization of this concept, suitable for the more general RISM framework. We report a preliminary test of the formalism, as applied to prototype square-well homonuclear diatomics. As for the structure, comparison with Monte Carlo shows that molecular closures are slightly more predictive than their 'atomic' counterparts, and thermodynamic properties are equally accurate. We also devise an application of molecular closures to models interacting via continuous, soft-core potentials, by using well established prescriptions in liquid state perturbation theories. In the case of Lennard-Jones dimers, our scheme definitely improves over the atomic one, providing semi-quantitative structural results, and quite good estimates of internal energy, pressure and phase coexistence. Our finding paves the way to a systematic employment of molecular closures within the RISM framework to be applied to more complex systems, such as molecules constituted by several non-equivalent interaction sites. PMID:27548461

  7. Power-law correlations in finance-related Google searches, and their cross-correlations with volatility and traded volume: Evidence from the Dow Jones Industrial components

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kristoufek, Ladislav

    2015-06-01

    We study power-law correlations properties of the Google search queries for Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) component stocks. Examining the daily data of the searched terms with a combination of the rescaled range and rescaled variance tests together with the detrended fluctuation analysis, we show that the searches are in fact power-law correlated with Hurst exponents between 0.8 and 1.1. The general interest in the DJIA stocks is thus strongly persistent. We further reinvestigate the cross-correlation structure between the searches, traded volume and volatility of the component stocks using the detrended cross-correlation and detrending moving-average cross-correlation coefficients. Contrary to the universal power-law correlations structure of the related Google searches, the results suggest that there is no universal relationship between the online search queries and the analyzed financial measures. Even though we confirm positive correlation for a majority of pairs, there are several pairs with insignificant or even negative correlations. In addition, the correlations vary quite strongly across scales.

  8. Examination of Electric Utility CEO Compensation 2000-2011 and its significance to Company Earnings, Company Revenue, Company Stock and the Dow Jones Utility Average

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Labovitch, Andrew

    This dissertation examined electric utility CEO compensation during the years 2000 through 2011 for United States owned and operated companies. To determine the extent to which agency theory may apply to electric utility CEO compensation, this examination segmented the industry by four types of company financial metrics: revenue, earnings, stock price and the Dow Jones Utility Average; by five categories of CEO compensation: base salary, bonus, stock grants, all other compensation and total compensation; and by four categories of company size as measured by revenue: large, medium, small and the industry as a whole. Electric utility CEO compensation data was analyzed with the financial metrics to determine correlations. No type of compensation was highly correlated to any of the financial metrics for any size industry segment indicating that there was little agency. CEO compensation in large electric utility companies was higher than compensation in medium and smaller companies even though the CEOs at larger companies earned less per dollar of revenue and per dollar of earnings than their counterparts in smaller companies.

  9. Development of molecular closures for the reference interaction site model theory with application to square-well and Lennard-Jones homonuclear diatomics.

    PubMed

    Munaò, Gianmarco; Costa, Dino; Caccamo, Carlo

    2016-10-19

    Inspired by significant improvements obtained for the performances of the polymer reference interaction site model (PRISM) theory of the fluid phase when coupled with 'molecular closures' (Schweizer and Yethiraj 1993 J. Chem. Phys. 98 9053), we exploit a matrix generalization of this concept, suitable for the more general RISM framework. We report a preliminary test of the formalism, as applied to prototype square-well homonuclear diatomics. As for the structure, comparison with Monte Carlo shows that molecular closures are slightly more predictive than their 'atomic' counterparts, and thermodynamic properties are equally accurate. We also devise an application of molecular closures to models interacting via continuous, soft-core potentials, by using well established prescriptions in liquid state perturbation theories. In the case of Lennard-Jones dimers, our scheme definitely improves over the atomic one, providing semi-quantitative structural results, and quite good estimates of internal energy, pressure and phase coexistence. Our finding paves the way to a systematic employment of molecular closures within the RISM framework to be applied to more complex systems, such as molecules constituted by several non-equivalent interaction sites.

  10. Development of molecular closures for the reference interaction site model theory with application to square-well and Lennard-Jones homonuclear diatomics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Munaò, Gianmarco; Costa, Dino; Caccamo, Carlo

    2016-10-01

    Inspired by significant improvements obtained for the performances of the polymer reference interaction site model (PRISM) theory of the fluid phase when coupled with ‘molecular closures’ (Schweizer and Yethiraj 1993 J. Chem. Phys. 98 9053), we exploit a matrix generalization of this concept, suitable for the more general RISM framework. We report a preliminary test of the formalism, as applied to prototype square-well homonuclear diatomics. As for the structure, comparison with Monte Carlo shows that molecular closures are slightly more predictive than their ‘atomic’ counterparts, and thermodynamic properties are equally accurate. We also devise an application of molecular closures to models interacting via continuous, soft-core potentials, by using well established prescriptions in liquid state perturbation theories. In the case of Lennard-Jones dimers, our scheme definitely improves over the atomic one, providing semi-quantitative structural results, and quite good estimates of internal energy, pressure and phase coexistence. Our finding paves the way to a systematic employment of molecular closures within the RISM framework to be applied to more complex systems, such as molecules constituted by several non-equivalent interaction sites.

  11. Psychology, not educational neuroscience, is the way forward for improving educational outcomes for all children: Reply to Gabrieli (2016) and Howard-Jones et al. (2016).

    PubMed

    Bowers, Jeffrey S

    2016-10-01

    In Bowers (2016), I argued that there are (a) practical problems with educational neuroscience (EN) that explain why there are no examples of EN improving teaching and (b) principled problems with the logic motivating EN that explain why it is likely that there never will be. In the following article, I consider the main responses raised by both Gabrieli (2016) and Howard-Jones et al. (2016) and find them all unconvincing. Following this exchange, there are still no examples of EN providing new insights to teaching in the classroom, there are still no examples of EN providing new insights to remedial instructions for individuals, and, as I detail in this article, there is no evidence that EN is useful for the diagnosis of learning difficulties. The authors have also failed to address the reasons why EN is unlikely to benefit educational outcomes in the future. Psychology, by contrast, can (and has) made important discoveries that can (and should) be used to improve teaching and diagnostic tests for learning difficulties. This is not a debate about whether science is relevant to education, rather it is about what sort of science is relevant. (PsycINFO Database Record

  12. A Qualitative Comparison of the C-Ring Test and the Jones Test as Standard Practice Test Methods for Studying Stress Corrosion Cracking in Ferritic Steels

    SciTech Connect

    Thomson, Jeffery K; Pawel, Steven J

    2015-01-01

    Creep-strength-enhanced-ferritic (CSEF) steels have been widely implemented as water wall alloy materials in the coal-fired power industry for many years. The stress corrosion cracking (SCC) behavior of this class of materials is currently of significant interest to the industry due to recent failures. To better understand the test methods used to characterize SCC behavior in the laboratory, three representative CSEF alloys (T23, T24, and T92) were subjected to two SCC test protocols: the Jones Test set forth in DIN 50915, and the C-ring SCC test set forth in ASTM G38-01. Samples were tested in either the as-received (normalized + tempered) condition or in the normalized condition (quenched from 1065 C). Samples were exposed to aerated water in one test case and de-aerated water in a second test case for a period of 7 days at 200 C. It was found that for both test protocols, the normalized condition with aerated water led to severe cracking for all three alloys, whereas no evidence of cracking was found for the other conditions.

  13. Computation and analysis of the transverse current autocorrelation function, Ct(k,t), for small wave vectors: A molecular-dynamics study for a Lennard-Jones fluid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vogelsang, R.; Hoheisel, C.

    1987-02-01

    Molecular-dynamics (MD) calculations are reported for three thermodynamic states of a Lennard-Jones fluid. Systems of 2048 particles and 105 integration steps were used. The transverse current autocorrelation function, Ct(k,t), has been determined for wave vectors of the range 0.5<||k||σ<1.5. Ct(k,t) was fitted by hydrodynamic-type functions. The fits returned k-dependent decay times and shear viscosities which showed a systematic behavior as a function of k. Extrapolation to the hydrodynamic region at k=0 gave shear viscosity coefficients in good agreement with direct Green-Kubo results obtained in previous work. The two-exponential model fit for the memory function proposed by other authors does not provide a reasonable description of the MD results, as the fit parameters show no systematic wave-vector dependence, although the Ct(k,t) functions are somewhat better fitted. Similarly, the semiempirical interpolation formula for the decay time based on the viscoelastic concept proposed by Akcasu and Daniels fails to reproduce the correct k dependence for the wavelength range investigated herein.

  14. Fourier-domain Jones-matrix mapping of a complex degree of mutual anisotropy in differentiation of biological tissues' pathological states.

    PubMed

    Ushenko, Yu A; Trifonyuk, L Yu; Dubolazov, A V; Karachevtsev, A O

    2014-04-01

    This article presents the theoretical background of an azimuthally stable method of Jones-matrix mapping of histological sections of a uterine wall biopsy on the basis of spatial-frequency selection of the mechanisms of linear and circular birefringence. The diagnostic application of a new correlation parameter--a complex degree of mutual anisotropy--is analytically substantiated. The method of measuring coordinate distributions of a complex degree of mutual anisotropy with further spatial filtration of their high- and low-frequency components is developed. The interconnections of such distributions with linear and circular birefringence parameters of the uterine-wall-endometrium histological sections are found. The comparative results of measuring the coordinate distributions of a complex degree of mutual anisotropy formed by fibrillar networks of myosin and collagen fibrils of uterus wall tissue of different pathological states--pre-cancer (dysplasia) and cancer (adenocarcinoma)--are shown. The values and ranges of change of the statistical (moments of the first to fourth orders) parameters of complex degree of mutual-anisotropy coordinate distributions are studied. The objective criteria of diagnosing the pathology and differentiation of its severity degree are determined. PMID:24787205

  15. A unified approach to computation of solid and liquid free energy to revisit the solid-fluid equilibrium of Lennard-Jones chains

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vorselaars, Bart

    2015-03-01

    Liquid free energies are computed by integration along a path from a reference system of known free energy, using a strong localization potential. A particular choice of localization pathway is introduced, convenient for use in molecular dynamics codes, and which achieves accurate results without the need to include the identity-swap or relocation Monte Carlo moves used in previous studies. Moreover, an adaptive timestep is introduced to attain the reference system. Furthermore, a center-of-mass correction that is different from previous studies and phase-independent is incorporated. The resulting scheme allows computation of both solid and liquid free energies with only minor differences in simulation protocol. This is used to re-visit solid-liquid equilibrium in a system of short semi-flexible Lennard-Jones chain molecules. The computed melting curve is demonstrated to be consistent with direct co-existence simulations and computed hysteresis loops, provided that an entropic term arising from unsampled solid states is included.

  16. A pressure consistent bridge correction of Kovalenko-Hirata closure in Ornstein-Zernike theory for Lennard-Jones fluids by apparently adjusting sigma parameter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ebato, Yuki; Miyata, Tatsuhiko

    2016-05-01

    Ornstein-Zernike (OZ) integral equation theory is known to overestimate the excess internal energy, Uex, pressure through the virial route, Pv, and excess chemical potential, μex, for one-component Lennard-Jones (LJ) fluids under hypernetted chain (HNC) and Kovalenko-Hirata (KH) approximatons. As one of the bridge correction methods to improve the precision of these thermodynamic quantities, it was shown in our previous paper that the method to apparently adjust σ parameter in the LJ potential is effective [T. Miyata and Y. Ebato, J. Molec. Liquids. 217, 75 (2016)]. In our previous paper, we evaluated the actual variation in the σ parameter by using a fitting procedure to molecular dynamics (MD) results. In this article, we propose an alternative method to determine the actual variation in the σ parameter. The proposed method utilizes a condition that the virial and compressibility pressures coincide with each other. This method can correct OZ theory without a fitting procedure to MD results, and possesses characteristics of keeping a form of HNC and/or KH closure. We calculate the radial distribution function, pressure, excess internal energy, and excess chemical potential for one-component LJ fluids to check the performance of our proposed bridge function. We discuss the precision of these thermodynamic quantities by comparing with MD results. In addition, we also calculate a corrected gas-liquid coexistence curve based on a corrected KH-type closure and compare it with MD results.

  17. Self-consistent phonons revisited. I. The role of thermal versus quantum fluctuations on structural transitions in large Lennard-Jones clusters.

    PubMed

    Georgescu, Ionuţ; Mandelshtam, Vladimir A

    2012-10-14

    The theory of self-consistent phonons (SCP) was originally developed to address the anharmonic effects in condensed matter systems. The method seeks a harmonic, temperature-dependent Hamiltonian that provides the "best fit" for the physical Hamiltonian, the "best fit" being defined as the one that optimizes the Helmholtz free energy at a fixed temperature. The present developments provide a scalable O(N) unified framework that accounts for anharmonic effects in a many-body system, when it is probed by either thermal (ℏ → 0) or quantum fluctuations (T → 0). In these important limits, the solution of the nonlinear SCP equations can be reached in a manner that requires only the multiplication of 3N × 3N matrices, with no need of diagonalization. For short range potentials, such as Lennard-Jones, the Hessian, and other related matrices are highly sparse, so that the scaling of the matrix multiplications can be reduced from O(N(3)) to ~O(N). We investigate the role of quantum effects by continuously varying the de-Boer quantum delocalization parameter Λ and report the N-Λ (T = 0), and also the classical N-T (Λ = 0) phase diagrams for sizes up to N ~ 10(4). Our results demonstrate that the harmonic approximation becomes inadequate already for such weakly quantum systems as neon clusters, or for classical systems much below the melting temperatures.

  18. Formerly utilized MED/AEC sites Remedial Action Program. Report of the decontamination of Jones Chemical Laboratory, Ryerson Physical Laboratory, and Eckhart Hall, the University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois

    SciTech Connect

    Wynuveen, R.A.; Smith, W.H.; Sholeen, C.M.; Flynn, K.F.

    1984-08-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) has implemented a program to decontaminate radioactively contaminated sites that were formerly utilized by the Manhattan Engineer District (MED) and/or the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) for activities that included handling of radioactive material. This program is referred to as the ''Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program'' (FUSRAP). Among these sites are Jones Chemical Laboratory, Ryerson Physical Laboratory, Kent Chemical Laboratory, and Eckhart Hall of The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois. Since 1977, the University of Chicago decontaminated Kent Chemical Laboratory as part of a facilities renovation program. All areas of Eckhart Hall, Ryerson Physical Laboratory, and Jones Chemical Laboratory that had been identified as contaminated in excess of current guidelines in the 1976-1977 surveys were decontaminated to levels where no contamination could be detected relative to natural backgrounds. All areas that required defacing to achieve this goal were restored to their original condition. The radiological evaluation of the sewer system, based primarily on the radiochemical analyses of sludge and water samples, indicated that the entire sewer system is potentially contaminated. While this evaluation was defined as part of this project, the decontamination of the sewer system was not included in the purview of this effort. The documentation included in this report substantiates the judgment that all contaminated areas identified in the earlier reports in the three structures included in the decontamination effort (Eckhart Hall, Ryerson Physical Laboratory, and Jones Chemical Laboratory) were cleaned to levels commensurate with release for unrestricted use.

  19. An analytical equation of state for describing isotropic-nematic phase equilibria of Lennard-Jones chain fluids with variable degree of molecular flexibility

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Westen, Thijs; Oyarzún, Bernardo; Vlugt, Thijs J. H.; Gross, Joachim

    2015-06-01

    We develop an equation of state (EoS) for describing isotropic-nematic (IN) phase equilibria of Lennard-Jones (LJ) chain fluids. The EoS is developed by applying a second order Barker-Henderson perturbation theory to a reference fluid of hard chain molecules. The chain molecules consist of tangentially bonded spherical segments and are allowed to be fully flexible, partially flexible (rod-coil), or rigid linear. The hard-chain reference contribution to the EoS is obtained from a Vega-Lago rescaled Onsager theory. For the description of the (attractive) dispersion interactions between molecules, we adopt a segment-segment approach. We show that the perturbation contribution for describing these interactions can be divided into an "isotropic" part, which depends only implicitly on orientational ordering of molecules (through density), and an "anisotropic" part, for which an explicit dependence on orientational ordering is included (through an expansion in the nematic order parameter). The perturbation theory is used to study the effect of chain length, molecular flexibility, and attractive interactions on IN phase equilibria of pure LJ chain fluids. Theoretical results for the IN phase equilibrium of rigid linear LJ 10-mers are compared to results obtained from Monte Carlo simulations in the isobaric-isothermal (NPT) ensemble, and an expanded formulation of the Gibbs-ensemble. Our results show that the anisotropic contribution to the dispersion attractions is irrelevant for LJ chain fluids. Using the isotropic (density-dependent) contribution only (i.e., using a zeroth order expansion of the attractive Helmholtz energy contribution in the nematic order parameter), excellent agreement between theory and simulations is observed. These results suggest that an EoS contribution for describing the attractive part of the dispersion interactions in real LCs can be obtained from conventional theoretical approaches designed for isotropic fluids, such as a Perturbed

  20. Local pressure components and interfacial tension at a liquid-solid interface obtained by the perturbative method in the Lennard-Jones system.

    PubMed

    Fujiwara, K; Shibahara, M

    2014-07-21

    A classical molecular dynamics simulation was conducted for a system composed of fluid molecules between two planar solid surfaces, and whose interactions are described by the 12-6 Lennard-Jones form. This paper presents a general description of the pressure components and interfacial tension at a fluid-solid interface obtained by the perturbative method on the basis of statistical thermodynamics, proposes a method to consider the pressure components tangential to an interface which are affected by interactions with solid atoms, and applies this method to the calculation system. The description of the perturbative method is extended to subsystems, and the local pressure components and interfacial tension at a liquid-solid interface are obtained and examined in one- and two-dimensions. The results are compared with those obtained by two alternative methods: (a) an evaluation of the intermolecular force acting on a plane, and (b) the conventional method based on the virial expression. The accuracy of the numerical results is examined through the comparison of the results obtained by each method. The calculated local pressure components and interfacial tension of the fluid at a liquid-solid interface agreed well with the results of the two alternative methods at each local position in one dimension. In two dimensions, the results showed a characteristic profile of the tangential pressure component which depended on the direction tangential to the liquid-solid interface, which agreed with that obtained by the evaluation of the intermolecular force acting on a plane in the present study. Such good agreement suggests that the perturbative method on the basis of statistical thermodynamics used in this study is valid to obtain the local pressure components and interfacial tension at a liquid-solid interface.

  1. Local pressure components and interfacial tension at a liquid-solid interface obtained by the perturbative method in the Lennard-Jones system

    SciTech Connect

    Fujiwara, K.; Shibahara, M.

    2014-07-21

    A classical molecular dynamics simulation was conducted for a system composed of fluid molecules between two planar solid surfaces, and whose interactions are described by the 12-6 Lennard-Jones form. This paper presents a general description of the pressure components and interfacial tension at a fluid-solid interface obtained by the perturbative method on the basis of statistical thermodynamics, proposes a method to consider the pressure components tangential to an interface which are affected by interactions with solid atoms, and applies this method to the calculation system. The description of the perturbative method is extended to subsystems, and the local pressure components and interfacial tension at a liquid-solid interface are obtained and examined in one- and two-dimensions. The results are compared with those obtained by two alternative methods: (a) an evaluation of the intermolecular force acting on a plane, and (b) the conventional method based on the virial expression. The accuracy of the numerical results is examined through the comparison of the results obtained by each method. The calculated local pressure components and interfacial tension of the fluid at a liquid-solid interface agreed well with the results of the two alternative methods at each local position in one dimension. In two dimensions, the results showed a characteristic profile of the tangential pressure component which depended on the direction tangential to the liquid-solid interface, which agreed with that obtained by the evaluation of the intermolecular force acting on a plane in the present study. Such good agreement suggests that the perturbative method on the basis of statistical thermodynamics used in this study is valid to obtain the local pressure components and interfacial tension at a liquid-solid interface.

  2. Delayed Union of a Jones Fracture in a Patient With Rothmund-Thomson Syndrome: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

    PubMed

    Barisonek, Kirsten L; Protzman, Nicole M; Wobst, Garrett M; Brigido, Stephen A

    2016-01-01

    Rothmund-Thomson syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis, characterized by poikiloderma, small stature, juvenile cataracts, sparse hair, skeletal abnormalities, and a predisposition to osteogenic sarcomas and skin cancers. Although numerous skeletal abnormalities have been described in patients with Rothmund-Thomson syndrome, to our knowledge, only 1 study has shown evidence of delayed fracture healing in a patient with Rothmund-Thomson syndrome. We present the case of a 13-year-old female diagnosed with Rothmund-Thomson syndrome who demonstrated delayed union of her fifth metatarsal after a Jones fracture. She was treated conservatively for 6 weeks with non-weightbearing cast immobilization and was then transitioned to a controlled ankle motion walker for an additional 4 weeks. Two months later, however, she continued to experience pain, and, on radiographic examination, the fracture remained unchanged. Therefore, with her guardian's consent, the patient elected to undergo open reduction and internal fixation of the fifth metatarsal fracture. At 8 weeks postoperatively, the patient reported a subsidence of symptoms and had returned to normal activity. With our report, we hope to increase practitioner awareness that delayed bone healing could be a possibility in patients with Rothmund-Thomson syndrome and encourage consideration of routine imaging and supplementation with calcium and vitamin D. Additionally, the present findings suggest that patients with Rothmund-Thomson syndrome could benefit from early surgical intervention, given their poor bone healing capacity and high likelihood of nonunion. Although the association between impaired bone healing and Rothmund-Thomson syndrome is rational, additional studies are needed to determine the prevalence of chronic nonunion in this patient population.

  3. Spontaneous cavitation in a Lennard-Jones liquid: Molecular dynamics simulation and the van der Waals-Cahn-Hilliard gradient theory.

    PubMed

    Baidakov, Vladimir G

    2016-02-21

    The process of bubble nucleation in a Lennard-Jones (LJ) liquid is studied by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. The bubble nucleation rate J is determined by the mean life-time method at temperatures above that of the triple point in the region of negative pressures. The results of simulation are compared with classical nucleation theory (CNT) and modified classical nucleation theory (MCNT), in which the work of formation of a critical bubble is determined in the framework of the van der Waals-Cahn-Hilliard gradient theory (GT). It has been found that the values of J obtained in MD simulation systematically exceed the data of CNT, and this excess in the nucleation rate reaches 8-10 orders of magnitude close to the triple point temperature. The results of MCNT are in satisfactory agreement with the data of MD simulation. To describe the properties of vapor-phase nuclei in the framework of GT, an equation of state has been built up which describes stable, metastable and labile regions of LJ fluids. The surface tension of critical bubbles γ has been found from CNT and data of MD simulation as a function of the radius of curvature of the surface of tension R*. The dependence γ(R*) has also been calculated from GT. The Tolman length has been determined, which is negative and in modulus equal to ≈(0.1 - 0.2) σ. The paper discusses the applicability of the Tolman formula to the description of the properties of critical nuclei in nucleation. PMID:26896990

  4. A reference-modified density functional theory: An application to solvation free-energy calculations for a Lennard-Jones solution.

    PubMed

    Sumi, Tomonari; Maruyama, Yutaka; Mitsutake, Ayori; Koga, Kenichiro

    2016-06-14

    In the conventional classical density functional theory (DFT) for simple fluids, an ideal gas is usually chosen as the reference system because there is a one-to-one correspondence between the external field and the density distribution function, and the exact intrinsic free-energy functional is available for the ideal gas. In this case, the second-order density functional Taylor series expansion of the excess intrinsic free-energy functional provides the hypernetted-chain (HNC) approximation. Recently, it has been shown that the HNC approximation significantly overestimates the solvation free energy (SFE) for an infinitely dilute Lennard-Jones (LJ) solution, especially when the solute particles are several times larger than the solvent particles [T. Miyata and J. Thapa, Chem. Phys. Lett. 604, 122 (2014)]. In the present study, we propose a reference-modified density functional theory as a systematic approach to improve the SFE functional as well as the pair distribution functions. The second-order density functional Taylor series expansion for the excess part of the intrinsic free-energy functional in which a hard-sphere fluid is introduced as the reference system instead of an ideal gas is applied to the LJ pure and infinitely dilute solution systems and is proved to remarkably improve the drawbacks of the HNC approximation. Furthermore, the third-order density functional expansion approximation in which a factorization approximation is applied to the triplet direct correlation function is examined for the LJ systems. We also show that the third-order contribution can yield further refinements for both the pair distribution function and the excess chemical potential for the pure LJ liquids.

  5. Spontaneous cavitation in a Lennard-Jones liquid: Molecular dynamics simulation and the van der Waals-Cahn-Hilliard gradient theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baidakov, Vladimir G.

    2016-02-01

    The process of bubble nucleation in a Lennard-Jones (LJ) liquid is studied by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. The bubble nucleation rate J is determined by the mean life-time method at temperatures above that of the triple point in the region of negative pressures. The results of simulation are compared with classical nucleation theory (CNT) and modified classical nucleation theory (MCNT), in which the work of formation of a critical bubble is determined in the framework of the van der Waals-Cahn-Hilliard gradient theory (GT). It has been found that the values of J obtained in MD simulation systematically exceed the data of CNT, and this excess in the nucleation rate reaches 8-10 orders of magnitude close to the triple point temperature. The results of MCNT are in satisfactory agreement with the data of MD simulation. To describe the properties of vapor-phase nuclei in the framework of GT, an equation of state has been built up which describes stable, metastable and labile regions of LJ fluids. The surface tension of critical bubbles γ has been found from CNT and data of MD simulation as a function of the radius of curvature of the surface of tension R*. The dependence γ(R*) has also been calculated from GT. The Tolman length has been determined, which is negative and in modulus equal to ≈(0.1 - 0.2) σ. The paper discusses the applicability of the Tolman formula to the description of the properties of critical nuclei in nucleation.

  6. A reference-modified density functional theory: An application to solvation free-energy calculations for a Lennard-Jones solution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sumi, Tomonari; Maruyama, Yutaka; Mitsutake, Ayori; Koga, Kenichiro

    2016-06-01

    In the conventional classical density functional theory (DFT) for simple fluids, an ideal gas is usually chosen as the reference system because there is a one-to-one correspondence between the external field and the density distribution function, and the exact intrinsic free-energy functional is available for the ideal gas. In this case, the second-order density functional Taylor series expansion of the excess intrinsic free-energy functional provides the hypernetted-chain (HNC) approximation. Recently, it has been shown that the HNC approximation significantly overestimates the solvation free energy (SFE) for an infinitely dilute Lennard-Jones (LJ) solution, especially when the solute particles are several times larger than the solvent particles [T. Miyata and J. Thapa, Chem. Phys. Lett. 604, 122 (2014)]. In the present study, we propose a reference-modified density functional theory as a systematic approach to improve the SFE functional as well as the pair distribution functions. The second-order density functional Taylor series expansion for the excess part of the intrinsic free-energy functional in which a hard-sphere fluid is introduced as the reference system instead of an ideal gas is applied to the LJ pure and infinitely dilute solution systems and is proved to remarkably improve the drawbacks of the HNC approximation. Furthermore, the third-order density functional expansion approximation in which a factorization approximation is applied to the triplet direct correlation function is examined for the LJ systems. We also show that the third-order contribution can yield further refinements for both the pair distribution function and the excess chemical potential for the pure LJ liquids.

  7. Development of a Jones vector based model for the measurement of a plasma current in a thermonuclear fusion reactor with a POTDR setup

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aerssens, M.; Gusarov, A.; Moreau, P.; Malard, P.; Massaut, V.; Mégret, P.; Wuilpart, M.

    2012-04-01

    Fibre optical current sensor (FOCS) is a promising alternative to inductive sensors for the measurement of the plasma current in future thermonuclear fusion reactors. Standard FOCS relies on the measurement of the state of polarisation (SOP) of light at the output of an optical bre surrounding a current. Because of the Faraday eect, magnetic eld induced by electrical current rotates the SOP of light travelling into the bre. According to the Ampere's theorem this rotation is proportional to the surrounded current. In future tokamaks like ITER and DEMO, the plasma current will be suciently high to generate a rotation of the SOP higher than 2 radians. These conditions may lead to uncertainties on the determination of the plasma current if no post processing is performed. In this paper we propose a solution with a Polarisation Optical Time Domain Re ectometer (POTDR) setup allowing both unambiguous plasma current measurement and also local magnetic eld measurements. This measurement is based on the assessment of the SOP rotation of the Rayleigh backscattered POTDR signal. Thanks to the presence of an input polarizer, SOP variations are converted into power uctuations that contain information about the distribution of the magnetic eld and therefore about the plasma current. Using the Jones formalism we have developed a model accounting for the modication of the SOP of light travelling into the optical bre and the evolution of the POTDR signal. In parallel experimental PODTR measurements have been performed on the Tore Supra tokamak situated at CEA Cadarache in France. A comparison between the models and the experimental results conrms the capability of the system to measure the plasma current and the local magnetic eld even if further data post processing are still required.

  8. Variability in thermal response of primed and non-primed seeds of squirreltail [Elymus elymoides (Raf.) Swezey and Elymus multisetus (J. G. Smith) M. E. Jones].

    PubMed

    Hardegree, Stuart P; Jones, Thomas A; Van Vactor, Steven S

    2002-03-01

    Bottlebrush squirreltail [Elymus elymoides (Raf.) Swezey = Sitanion hystrix (Nutt.) J. G. Smith] and big squirrel-tail [Elymus multisetus (J. G. Smith) M. E. Jones = Sitanion jubatum (J. G. Smith)] have a broad geographical distribution and have been identified as high priority species for restoration of degraded rangelands in the western United States. These rangelands exhibit high annual and seasonal variability in seedbed microclimate. The objective of this study was to examine variability in thermal response of both primed and non-primed seeds of these species in the context of field-variable temperature regimes. Seed priming treatments were selected to optimize germination rate in a low-temperature test environment. Primed and non-primed seeds were evaluated for laboratory germination response under 12 constant temperature treatments between 3 and 36 degrees C. Thermal time and base temperature were estimated by regression analysis of germination rate as a function of temperature in the sub-optimal temperature range. The thermal germination model and 6 years of field temperature data were used to simulate the potential germination response under different field planting scenarios. Seed priming reduced the total germination percentage of some seedlots, especially at higher germination temperatures. Seed priming increased the germination rate (reduced the number of days to 50 % germination) by 3.8-8.4 d at 6 degrees C with a mean germination advancement of 6.9 +/- 0.6 d. Maximum germination advancement in the model simulations was 5-10 d for planting dates between I March and 15 May. Model simulations can be used to expand germination analysis beyond simple treatment comparisons, to include a probabilistic description of potential germination response under historical or potential future conditions of seedbed microclimate.

  9. Explicit expressions of self-diffusion coefficient, shear viscosity, and the Stokes-Einstein relation for binary mixtures of Lennard-Jones liquids

    SciTech Connect

    Ohtori, Norikazu; Ishii, Yoshiki

    2015-10-28

    Explicit expressions of the self-diffusion coefficient, D{sub i}, and shear viscosity, η{sub sv}, are presented for Lennard-Jones (LJ) binary mixtures in the liquid states along the saturated vapor line. The variables necessary for the expressions were derived from dimensional analysis of the properties: atomic mass, number density, packing fraction, temperature, and the size and energy parameters used in the LJ potential. The unknown dependence of the properties on each variable was determined by molecular dynamics (MD) calculations for an equimolar mixture of Ar and Kr at the temperature of 140 K and density of 1676 kg m{sup −3}. The scaling equations obtained by multiplying all the single-variable dependences can well express D{sub i} and η{sub sv} evaluated by the MD simulation for a whole range of compositions and temperatures without any significant coupling between the variables. The equation for D{sub i} can also explain the dual atomic-mass dependence, i.e., the average-mass and the individual-mass dependence; the latter accounts for the “isotope effect” on D{sub i}. The Stokes-Einstein (SE) relation obtained from these equations is fully consistent with the SE relation for pure LJ liquids and that for infinitely dilute solutions. The main differences from the original SE relation are the presence of dependence on the individual mass and on the individual energy parameter. In addition, the packing-fraction dependence turned out to bridge another gap between the present and original SE relations as well as unifying the SE relation between pure liquids and infinitely dilute solutions.

  10. A reference-modified density functional theory: An application to solvation free-energy calculations for a Lennard-Jones solution.

    PubMed

    Sumi, Tomonari; Maruyama, Yutaka; Mitsutake, Ayori; Koga, Kenichiro

    2016-06-14

    In the conventional classical density functional theory (DFT) for simple fluids, an ideal gas is usually chosen as the reference system because there is a one-to-one correspondence between the external field and the density distribution function, and the exact intrinsic free-energy functional is available for the ideal gas. In this case, the second-order density functional Taylor series expansion of the excess intrinsic free-energy functional provides the hypernetted-chain (HNC) approximation. Recently, it has been shown that the HNC approximation significantly overestimates the solvation free energy (SFE) for an infinitely dilute Lennard-Jones (LJ) solution, especially when the solute particles are several times larger than the solvent particles [T. Miyata and J. Thapa, Chem. Phys. Lett. 604, 122 (2014)]. In the present study, we propose a reference-modified density functional theory as a systematic approach to improve the SFE functional as well as the pair distribution functions. The second-order density functional Taylor series expansion for the excess part of the intrinsic free-energy functional in which a hard-sphere fluid is introduced as the reference system instead of an ideal gas is applied to the LJ pure and infinitely dilute solution systems and is proved to remarkably improve the drawbacks of the HNC approximation. Furthermore, the third-order density functional expansion approximation in which a factorization approximation is applied to the triplet direct correlation function is examined for the LJ systems. We also show that the third-order contribution can yield further refinements for both the pair distribution function and the excess chemical potential for the pure LJ liquids. PMID:27305993

  11. A Recurrent Mosaic Mutation in SMO, Encoding the Hedgehog Signal Transducer Smoothened, Is the Major Cause of Curry-Jones Syndrome.

    PubMed

    Twigg, Stephen R F; Hufnagel, Robert B; Miller, Kerry A; Zhou, Yan; McGowan, Simon J; Taylor, John; Craft, Jude; Taylor, Jenny C; Santoro, Stephanie L; Huang, Taosheng; Hopkin, Robert J; Brady, Angela F; Clayton-Smith, Jill; Clericuzio, Carol L; Grange, Dorothy K; Groesser, Leopold; Hafner, Christian; Horn, Denise; Temple, I Karen; Dobyns, William B; Curry, Cynthia J; Jones, Marilyn C; Wilkie, Andrew O M

    2016-06-01

    Curry-Jones syndrome (CJS) is a multisystem disorder characterized by patchy skin lesions, polysyndactyly, diverse cerebral malformations, unicoronal craniosynostosis, iris colobomas, microphthalmia, and intestinal malrotation with myofibromas or hamartomas. Cerebellar medulloblastoma has been described in a single affected individual; in another, biopsy of skin lesions showed features of trichoblastoma. The combination of asymmetric clinical features, patchy skin manifestations, and neoplastic association previously led to the suggestion that this could be a mosaic condition, possibly involving hedgehog (Hh) signaling. Here, we show that CJS is caused by recurrent somatic mosaicism for a nonsynonymous variant in SMO (c.1234C>T [p.Leu412Phe]), encoding smoothened (SMO), a G-protein-coupled receptor that transduces Hh signaling. We identified eight mutation-positive individuals (two of whom had not been reported previously) with highly similar phenotypes and demonstrated varying amounts of the mutant allele in different tissues. We present detailed findings from brain MRI in three mutation-positive individuals. Somatic SMO mutations that result in constitutive activation have been described in several tumors, including medulloblastoma, ameloblastoma, and basal cell carcinoma. Strikingly, the most common of these mutations is the identical nonsynonymous variant encoding p.Leu412Phe. Furthermore, this substitution has been shown to activate SMO in the absence of Hh signaling, providing an explanation for tumor development in CJS. This raises therapeutic possibilities for using recently generated Hh-pathway inhibitors. In summary, our work uncovers the major genetic cause of CJS and illustrates strategies for gene discovery in the context of low-level tissue-specific somatic mosaicism. PMID:27236920

  12. A study of the substance dependence effect of the ethanolic extract and iridoid-rich fraction from Valeriana jatamansi Jones in mice

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Lin; Ke-ke, Xu; Chao-yong, Chen; Rui-tong, Zhang; Ming, Lan; Shao-hua, Li; Ling-zhen, Pan; Tian-e, Zhang; Zhi-yong, Yan

    2015-01-01

    Background: Recently we found the ethanolic extract and iridoid-rich fraction from Valeriana jatamansi Jones, which is a traditional Chinese medicine exhibited anxiolytic properties. Objective: This study aims to the substance dependence effect of the ethanolic extract and iridoid-rich fraction. Materials and Methods: The study included two experiments: Mice were given orally with ethanolic extract for 12 weeks or iridoid-rich fraction for 16 weeks in experiment I and experiment II, respectively. Diazepam was used as a control drug and the normal mice groups were administered with 0.5% carboxymethyl cellulose Na in both experiments. All groups were administered twice daily. Natural withdrawal symptoms, withdrawal-induced body weight change, audiogenic tail-erection test (in experiment I), and pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced convulsion test (in experiment II) were measured. Results: (1) Compared to normal group in both experiments, the diazepam-treated group exhibited obvious withdrawal symptoms of tail-erection, irritability, teeth chattering, etc; the body weight of them after withdrawal had a period of significant loss (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01); and the ratios of tail-erection and seizure in two experiments were improved significantly when mice were induced by mixer noise ringtone (experiment I) or PTZ (experiment II) (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).(2) In experiment I and II, there were no significant differences between mice that received ethanolic extract or iridoid-rich fraction and normal group in terms of natural withdrawal symptoms and withdrawal-induced body weight change (P > 0.05); in audiogenic tail-erection test, it found that the significant difference compared with normal group was just in ethanolic extract 900 mg/kg dose group on week 8 (P < 0.05); in PTZ-induced convulsion test, mice in iridoid-rich fraction groups had a slightly tail-erection and seizure, all results of them were with no significant difference compare to normal mice (P > 0.05), while

  13. Effect of dispersive long-range corrections to the pressure tensor: The vapour-liquid interfacial properties of the Lennard-Jones system revisited

    SciTech Connect

    Martínez-Ruiz, F. J.; Blas, F. J.; Mendiboure, B.; Moreno-Ventas Bravo, A. I.

    2014-11-14

    We propose an extension of the improved version of the inhomogeneous long-range corrections of Janeček [J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 6264–6269 (2006)], presented recently by MacDowell and Blas [J. Chem. Phys. 131, 074705 (2009)] to account for the intermolecular potential energy of spherical, rigid, and flexible molecular systems, to deal with the contributions to the microscopic components of the pressure tensor due to the dispersive long-range corrections. We have performed Monte Carlo simulations in the canonical ensemble to obtain the interfacial properties of spherical Lennard-Jones molecules with different cutoff distances, r{sub c} = 2.5, 3, 4, and 5σ. In addition, we have also considered cutoff distances r{sub c} = 2.5 and 3σ in combination with the inhomogeneous long-range corrections proposed in this work. The normal and tangential microscopic components of the pressure tensor are obtained using the mechanical or virial route in combination with the recipe of Irving and Kirkwood, while the macroscopic components are calculated using the Volume Perturbation thermodynamic route proposed by de Miguel and Jackson [J. Chem. Phys. 125, 164109 (2006)]. The vapour-liquid interfacial tension is evaluated using three different procedures, the Irving-Kirkwood method, the difference between the macroscopic components of the pressure tensor, and the Test-Area methodology. In addition to the pressure tensor and the surface tension, we also obtain density profiles, coexistence densities, vapour pressure, critical temperature and density, and interfacial thickness as functions of temperature, paying particular attention to the effect of the cutoff distance and the long-range corrections on these properties. According to our results, the main effect of increasing the cutoff distance (at fixed temperature) is to sharpen the vapour-liquid interface, to decrease the vapour pressure, and to increase the width of the biphasic coexistence region. As a result, the interfacial

  14. Effect of dispersive long-range corrections to the pressure tensor: the vapour-liquid interfacial properties of the Lennard-Jones system revisited.

    PubMed

    Martínez-Ruiz, F J; Blas, F J; Mendiboure, B; Moreno-Ventas Bravo, A I

    2014-11-14

    We propose an extension of the improved version of the inhomogeneous long-range corrections of Janeček [J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 6264-6269 (2006)], presented recently by MacDowell and Blas [J. Chem. Phys. 131, 074705 (2009)] to account for the intermolecular potential energy of spherical, rigid, and flexible molecular systems, to deal with the contributions to the microscopic components of the pressure tensor due to the dispersive long-range corrections. We have performed Monte Carlo simulations in the canonical ensemble to obtain the interfacial properties of spherical Lennard-Jones molecules with different cutoff distances, r(c) = 2.5, 3, 4, and 5σ. In addition, we have also considered cutoff distances r(c) = 2.5 and 3σ in combination with the inhomogeneous long-range corrections proposed in this work. The normal and tangential microscopic components of the pressure tensor are obtained using the mechanical or virial route in combination with the recipe of Irving and Kirkwood, while the macroscopic components are calculated using the Volume Perturbation thermodynamic route proposed by de Miguel and Jackson [J. Chem. Phys. 125, 164109 (2006)]. The vapour-liquid interfacial tension is evaluated using three different procedures, the Irving-Kirkwood method, the difference between the macroscopic components of the pressure tensor, and the Test-Area methodology. In addition to the pressure tensor and the surface tension, we also obtain density profiles, coexistence densities, vapour pressure, critical temperature and density, and interfacial thickness as functions of temperature, paying particular attention to the effect of the cutoff distance and the long-range corrections on these properties. According to our results, the main effect of increasing the cutoff distance (at fixed temperature) is to sharpen the vapour-liquid interface, to decrease the vapour pressure, and to increase the width of the biphasic coexistence region. As a result, the interfacial thickness

  15. Archive of Digitized Analog Boomer Seismic Reflection Data Collected from the Mississippi-Alabama-Florida Shelf During Cruises Onboard the R/V Kit Jones, June 1990 and July 1991

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sanford, Jordan M.; Harrison, Arnell S.; Wiese, Dana S.; Flocks, James G.

    2009-01-01

    In June of 1990 and July of 1991, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) conducted geophysical surveys to investigate the shallow geologic framework of the Mississippi-Alabama-Florida shelf in the northern Gulf of Mexico, from Mississippi Sound to the Florida Panhandle. Work was done onboard the Mississippi Mineral Resources Institute R/V Kit Jones as part of a project to study coastal erosion and offshore sand resources. This report is part of a series to digitally archive the legacy analog data collected from the Mississippi-Alabama SHelf (MASH). The MASH data rescue project is a cooperative effort by the USGS and the Minerals Management Service (MMS). This report serves as an archive of high-resolution scanned Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) and Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) images of the original boomer paper records, navigation files, trackline maps, Geographic Information System (GIS) files, cruise logs, and formal Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) metadata.

  16. First discovery of a new species of Newmanella Ross, 1969 (Balanomorpha: Tetraclitidae) in the western Pacific, with a note on the new status of Neonrosella Jones, 2010.

    PubMed

    Chan, Benny K K; Cheang, Chi Chiu

    2016-01-01

    The present study describes a new species of Newmanella Ross, 1969 (Thoracica: Tetraclitidae: Newmanellinae) from Taiwan. Species in this genus are believed to be distributed in tropical western Atlantic waters and the present study is the first report of a new species of Newmanella in the western Pacific. Newmanella spinosus sp. nov. is morphologically close to N. radiata Bruguiére, 1789 but it is distinguished from N. radiata by the morphology of the scutum, tergum, cirrus II, mandible and maxillule. Sequence divergence of 12S rDNA between N. radiata and N. spinosus sp. nov. reached 7.6%, suggesting these are two different species. Newmanella spinosus sp. nov. is distributed in the Philippines, Taiwan and Okinawa but is absent from Hong Kong, Hainan and China. The distribution is probably affected by the Kuroshio Current. The subfamily Newmanellinae Ross and Perreault, 1999 contains two genera, Newmanella and Yamaguchiella Ross & Perreault, 1999. Neonrosella Jones, 2010 is a subgenus of Yamaguchiella. A recent molecular analysis (Tsang et al. 2015) determined that Yamaguchiella and Neonrosella are located in two distinct and distantly-related clades within the tetraclitid clade, suggesting that the subgenus Neonrosella is not closely related to Yamaguchiella and should be elevated to generic status. PMID:27394583

  17. Spencer Jones, Sir Harold (1890-1960)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Astronomer, born in London, England. He was chief assistant to Frank Dyson at Greenwich and worked at the Royal Observatory at the Cape of Good Hope. Following in the tracks of DAVID GILL, he repeated Gill's photographic survey of the southern sky (Cape Photographic Catalogue, CPC). He then organized the international project to determine Earth-Sun distance by repeated measurements of the asteroi...

  18. Computation of methodology-independent single-ion solvation properties from molecular simulations. IV. Optimized Lennard-Jones interaction parameter sets for the alkali and halide ions in water

    SciTech Connect

    Reif, Maria M.; Huenenberger, Philippe H.

    2011-04-14

    The raw single-ion solvation free energies computed from atomistic (explicit-solvent) simulations are extremely sensitive to the boundary conditions and treatment of electrostatic interactions used during these simulations. However, as shown recently [M. A. Kastenholz and P. H. Huenenberger, J. Chem. Phys. 124, 224501 (2006); M. M. Reif and P. H. Huenenberger, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 144103 (2010)], the application of appropriate correction terms permits to obtain methodology-independent results. The corrected values are then exclusively characteristic of the underlying molecular model including in particular the ion-solvent van der Waals interaction parameters, determining the effective ion size and the magnitude of its dispersion interactions. In the present study, the comparison of calculated (corrected) hydration free energies with experimental data (along with the consideration of ionic polarizabilities) is used to calibrate new sets of ion-solvent van der Waals (Lennard-Jones) interaction parameters for the alkali (Li{sup +}, Na{sup +}, K{sup +}, Rb{sup +}, Cs{sup +}) and halide (F{sup -}, Cl{sup -}, Br{sup -}, I{sup -}) ions along with either the SPC or the SPC/E water models. The experimental dataset is defined by conventional single-ion hydration free energies [Tissandier et al., J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 7787 (1998); Fawcett, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 11181] along with three plausible choices for the (experimentally elusive) value of the absolute (intrinsic) hydration free energy of the proton, namely, {Delta}G{sub hyd} {sup O-minus} [H{sup +}]=-1100, -1075 or -1050 kJ mol{sup -1}, resulting in three sets L, M, and H for the SPC water model and three sets L{sub E}, M{sub E}, and H{sub E} for the SPC/E water model (alternative sets can easily be interpolated to intermediate {Delta}G{sub hyd} {sup O-minus} [H{sup +}] values). The residual sensitivity of the calculated (corrected) hydration free energies on the volume-pressure boundary conditions and on the effective

  19. Sy Montgomery: Part Indiana Jones and Part Emily Dickinson

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Terrell A.

    2008-01-01

    As important as accuracy may be to nonfiction writers, few have taken such risks as Sy Montgomery in gathering information for her articles, books, and films. In this profile article, Young recounts many of the risks and adventures Montgomery has taken for the sake of accurate and impassioned writing. Montgomery says, "I consider my books love…

  20. Jones Matrix Based Polarization Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yasuno, Yoshiaki; Ju, Myeong-Jin; Hong, Young Joo; Makita, Shuichi; Lim, Yiheng; Yamanari, Masahiro

    Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) is an extension of OCT and is capable of measuring the polarization properties of biological tissues, such as phase retardation, diattenuation, and optic-axis orientation. It is known that several types of biological tissues possess microscopic fibrous structures including collagen fibers and nerve fibers. Since these microscopic structures are smaller than the resolution of OCT, standard OCT is not capable of assessing them. However, these microscopic structures are known to possess birefringence, and PS-OCT is capable of assessing these microscopic tissue properties by measuring its polarization property.

  1. Bob Jones University v. United States: Interpretation and Conclusions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanna, Stanley J.

    1983-01-01

    The Supreme Court decision upholding the authority of the Internal Revenue Service to revoke the tax-exempt status of a university with discriminatory policies is reviewed and interpreted as protecting the redress of past racial inequities in education against interference even from constitutionally guaranteed free religious exercise. (MJL)

  2. CD Double Star Measures: Jack Jones Memorial Observatory Report #3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jones, James L.

    2010-10-01

    This paper submits 114 CCD measurements of 92 multiple star systems for inclusion in the WDS. Observations were made during the calendar year 2007. Measurements were obtained using either an SBIG ST-7 CCD camera or an SBIG ST-8 CCD camera and an 11-inch SCT. Selected double stars are discussed. Negative findings are included for certain stars.

  3. CCD Double Star Measures: Jack Jones Observatory Report #2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jones, James L.

    2009-10-01

    This paper submits 44 CCD measurements of 41 multiple star systems for inclusion in the WDS. Observations were made during the calendar year 2008. Measurements were made using a CCD camera and an 11" Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope. Brief discussions of pertinent observations are included.

  4. Robert Jones Lecture, 1979. The reconstructive surgery of flaccid paralysis.

    PubMed Central

    Brooks, D.

    1982-01-01

    A flaccid paralysis results from damage to any part of the lower motor neurone, from destruction of the anterior horn cell by poliomyelitis to injury of the peripheral axon by trauma or disease. Reconstructive surgery can do much to alleviate the residual paralysis. The indications and timing for surgery are considered. Certain well-tried operative techniques are described, from tendon transplantation to arthrodeses of joints, and the relative merits of each procedure are evaluated and placed in perspective. PMID:7092088

  5. Idiosyncratic risk in the Dow Jones Eurostoxx50 Index

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Daly, Kevin; Vo, Vinh

    2008-07-01

    Recent evidence by Campbell et al. [J.Y. Campbell, M. Lettau B.G. Malkiel, Y. Xu, Have individual stocks become more volatile? An empirical exploration of idiosyncratic risk, The Journal of Finance (February) (2001)] shows an increase in firm-level volatility and a decline of the correlation among stock returns in the US. In relation to the Euro-Area stock markets, we find that both aggregate firm-level volatility and average stock market correlation have trended upwards. We estimate a linear model of the market risk-return relationship nested in an EGARCH(1, 1)-M model for conditional second moments. We then show that traditional estimates of the conditional risk-return relationship, that use ex-post excess-returns as the conditioning information set, lead to joint tests of the theoretical model (usually the ICAPM) and of the Efficient Market Hypothesis in its strong form. To overcome this problem we propose alternative measures of expected market risk based on implied volatility extracted from traded option prices and we discuss the conditions under which implied volatility depends solely on expected risk. We then regress market excess-returns on lagged market implied variance computed from implied market volatility to estimate the relationship between expected market excess-returns and expected market risk.We investigate whether, as predicted by the ICAPM, the expected market risk is the main factor in explaining the market risk premium and the latter is independent of aggregate idiosyncratic risk.

  6. Reclassification of Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri (ex Hasse 1915) Dye 1978 forms A, B/C/D, and E as X. smithii subsp. citri (ex Hasse) sp. nov. nom. rev. comb. nov., X. fuscans subsp. aurantifolii (ex Gabriel 1989) sp. nov. nom. rev. comb. nov., and X. alfalfae subsp. citrumelo (ex Riker and Jones) Gabriel et al., 1989 sp. nov. nom. rev. comb. nov.; X. campestris pv malvacearum (ex smith 1901) Dye 1978 as X. smithii subsp. smithii nov. comb. nov. nom. nov.; X. campestris pv. alfalfae (ex Riker and Jones, 1935) dye 1978 as X. alfalfae subsp. alfalfae (ex Riker et al., 1935) sp. nov. nom. rev.; and "var. fuscans" of X. campestris pv. phaseoli (ex Smith, 1987) Dye 1978 as X. fuscans subsp. fuscans sp. nov.

    PubMed

    Schaad, Norman W; Postnikova, Elena; Lacy, George H; Sechler, Aaron; Agarkova, Irina; Stromberg, Paul E; Stromberg, Verlyn K; Vidaver, Anne K

    2005-08-01

    , respectively, Xanthomonas smithii subsp. citri (ex Hasse, 1915) sp. nov. nom. rev. comb. nov., Xanthomonas fuscans subsp. aurantifolii (ex Gabriel et al., 1989) sp. nov. nom. rev. comb. nov., and Xanthomonas alfalfae subsp. citrumelo (ex Riker and Jones) Gabriel et al., 1989 nov. rev. comb. nov. Furthermore, based on the analysis of 40 strains of 19 other xanthomonads, we propose to reclassify X. campestris pv. malvacearum (ex Smith, 1901) Dye 1978 as X. smithii subsp. smithii sp. nov. comb. nov. nom. nov.; X. campestris pv. alfalfae (ex Riker and Jones) Dye 1978 as X. alfalfae subsp. alfalfae (ex Riker et al., 1935) sp. nov. nov. rev.; and "var. fuscans" (ex Burkholder 1930) of X. campestris pv. phaseoli (ex Smith, 1897) as X. fuscans subsp. fuscans sp. nov.

  7. The impossible interview with the man of the neuron doctrine. Interview by Edward G Jones.

    PubMed

    Cajal, Santiago Ramon Y

    2006-12-01

    This paper follows the form of that by Mazzarello that precedes it (Mazzarello, 2006) and presents an imaginary interview with Santiago Ramón y Cajal in December 1906. A few days earlier Cajal had been awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, an award that he shared equally with Professor Camillo Golgi. Golgi had been recognized for his work as a pioneer into investigations of the nervous system, primarily on account of his discovery of the "black reaction" of silver chromate impregnation of whole nerve cells and their processes. Cajal had been recognized for his implementation of that method and for laying with it the foundations of what was to become modern neuroanatomical science. Paradoxically, the two awardees had been led by their researches to diametrically opposed views of the organization of the nervous system. Golgi believed in a continuous network of axons that formed the basis of all the integrative properties of the nervous system, while Cajal had provided the information that led to the formulation of the neuron doctrine that saw the nervous system as being made up of chains of discontinuous cells joined by polarized functional contacts that we now call synapses. The paper takes the form of an interview with Professor Cajal in the Grand Hotel Stockholm. His responses to questions posed by the imaginary interviewer are all taken from Cajal's own writings.

  8. A multiscale transport model for Lennard-Jones binary mixtures based on interfacial friction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhadauria, Ravi; Aluru, N. R.

    2016-08-01

    We propose a one-dimensional isothermal hydrodynamic transport model for non-reacting binary mixtures in slit shaped nanochannels. The coupled species momentum equations contain viscous dissipation and interspecies friction term of Maxwell-Stefan form. Species partial viscosity variations in the confinement are modeled using the van der Waals one fluid approximation and the local average density method. Species specific macroscopic friction coefficient based Robin boundary conditions are provided to capture the species wall slip effects. The value of this friction coefficient is computed using a species specific generalized Langevin formulation. Gravity driven flow of methane-hydrogen and methane-argon mixtures confined between graphene slit shaped nanochannels are considered as examples. The proposed model yields good quantitative agreement with the velocity profiles obtained from the non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations. The mixtures considered are observed to behave as single species pseudo fluid, with the interfacial friction displaying linear dependence on molar composition of the mixture. The results also indicate that the different species have different slip lengths, which remain unchanged with the channel width.

  9. Internet Jones: An Educator's Guide to Traveling on the Information Superhighway!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinslow, John

    The purpose of this publication is to: (1) offer an overview of the Internet and its educational applications; (2) provide teachers and students with a guide for a hands-on experience with the Internet; (3) show how educational resources from around the world can be brought into the classroom; and (4) show how some educators have used the…

  10. Empirical calibration of shell chemistry of Cyprideis torosa (Jones, 1850) (Crustacea: Ostracoda)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marco-Barba, J.; Ito, E.; Carbonell, E.; Mesquita-Joanes, F.

    2012-09-01

    Cyprideis torosa is a species of ostracode that inhabits a wide range of aquatic habitats in which its low Alk/Ca requirement is met. Its fossil remains are widely used in palaeoecological studies of coastal environments and inland salt lakes. We collected C. torosa from 20 water bodies near Valencia, Spain. Temperature, chlorophyll a concentration, electrical conductivity, and the concentration of major ions and oxygen isotopes were measured at each site. Between 2 and 20 live individuals of C. torosa were collected per site, their instar stage and sex determined and their shell chemistry (Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca and carbon and oxygen isotope composition) analyzed. Three of these sites were sampled monthly for one year, and ostracode population structure and shell chemistry (20-40 shells) were analyzed. The water chemistry varied widely between sites. TDS (total dissolved solids) ranged from 0.5 to 71.8 g/L but chloride was always the dominant anion. There is a significant positive relationship between ostracode and water δ18O except at high TDS (>20 g/L) when shell δ18O values are lower than expected. No effect of either temperature or water Mg/Ca is observed on the Mg/Ca in the ostracode calcite in waters with Mg/Ca < 6 (molar ratio). Ostracode shell Sr/Ca is strongly and significantly related to water Sr/Ca. δ13C values in C. torosa shells are ˜2‰ lower than observed δ13CDIC. These results provide new and more accurate quantification tools to reconstruct past hydrochemistry from C. torosa shells.

  11. The Panopticon of Childhood: Harold E. Jones Child Study Center, Berkeley, California, 1946-1960

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Coninck-Smith, Ning

    2005-01-01

    In 1946 the well-known Danish educator Sofie Rifbjerg (1886-1991) travelled for six months to the USA. The purpose of her trip was to study American developmental psychology. On her way she spent some time at the Institute of Child Welfare at the University of California, Berkeley. The institute had become famous because of its working on…

  12. 76 FR 13205 - Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge, Jones and Jasper Counties, GA; Final Comprehensive...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-10

    ... on April 4, 2008 (73 FR 18552). Piedmont NWR was established in 1939 through an Executive Order of... period via a Federal Register on May 13, 2010 (75 FR 26979). We received 16 comments on the Draft CCP/EA... dragonflies, crayfish, and mussels. We will continue to collect quail, turkey, and deer data through...

  13. 75 FR 26979 - Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge, Jones and Jasper Counties, GA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-13

    ... notice in the Federal Register on April 4, 2008 (73 FR 18552). For more about the refuge and our CCP... dragonflies, crayfish, and mussels. We would continue to collect quail, turkey, and deer data through...

  14. Phenotypic Variation and Fitness in a Metapopulation of Tubeworms (Ridgeia piscesae Jones) at Hydrothermal Vents

    PubMed Central

    Tunnicliffe, Verena; St. Germain, Candice; Hilário, Ana

    2014-01-01

    We examine the nature of variation in a hot vent tubeworm, Ridgeia piscesae, to determine how phenotypes are maintained and how reproductive potential is dictated by habitat. This foundation species at northeast Pacific hydrothermal sites occupies a wide habitat range in a highly heterogeneous environment. Where fluids supply high levels of dissolved sulphide for symbionts, the worm grows rapidly in a “short-fat” phenotype characterized by lush gill plumes; when plumes are healthy, sperm package capture is higher. This form can mature within months and has a high fecundity with continuous gamete output and a lifespan of about three years in unstable conditions. Other phenotypes occupy low fluid flux habitats that are more stable and individuals grow very slowly; however, they have low reproductive readiness that is hampered further by small, predator cropped branchiae, thus reducing fertilization and metabolite uptake. Although only the largest worms were measured, only 17% of low flux worms were reproductively competent compared to 91% of high flux worms. A model of reproductive readiness illustrates that tube diameter is a good predictor of reproductive output and that few low flux worms reached critical reproductive size. We postulate that most of the propagules for the vent fields originate from the larger tubeworms that live in small, unstable habitat patches. The large expanses of worms in more stable low flux habitat sustain a small, but long-term, reproductive output. Phenotypic variation is an adaptation that fosters both morphological and physiological responses to differences in chemical milieu and predator pressure. This foundation species forms a metapopulation with variable growth characteristics in a heterogeneous environment where a strategy of phenotypic variation bestows an advantage over specialization. PMID:25337895

  15. A multiscale transport model for Lennard-Jones binary mixtures based on interfacial friction.

    PubMed

    Bhadauria, Ravi; Aluru, N R

    2016-08-21

    We propose a one-dimensional isothermal hydrodynamic transport model for non-reacting binary mixtures in slit shaped nanochannels. The coupled species momentum equations contain viscous dissipation and interspecies friction term of Maxwell-Stefan form. Species partial viscosity variations in the confinement are modeled using the van der Waals one fluid approximation and the local average density method. Species specific macroscopic friction coefficient based Robin boundary conditions are provided to capture the species wall slip effects. The value of this friction coefficient is computed using a species specific generalized Langevin formulation. Gravity driven flow of methane-hydrogen and methane-argon mixtures confined between graphene slit shaped nanochannels are considered as examples. The proposed model yields good quantitative agreement with the velocity profiles obtained from the non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations. The mixtures considered are observed to behave as single species pseudo fluid, with the interfacial friction displaying linear dependence on molar composition of the mixture. The results also indicate that the different species have different slip lengths, which remain unchanged with the channel width. PMID:27544095

  16. Interaction forces between nanoparticles in Lennard-Jones (L-J) solvents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sinha, Indrajit; Mukherjee, Ashim K.

    2014-03-01

    Molecular simulations, such as Monte Carlo (MC) and molecular dynamics (MD) have been recently used for understanding the forces between colloidal nanoparticles that determine the dispersion and stability of nanoparticle suspensions. Herein we review the current status of research in the area of nanoparticles immersed in L-J solvents. The first study by Shinto et al. used large smooth spheres to depict nanoparticles in L-J and soft sphere solvents. The nanoparticles were held fixed at a particular interparticle distance and only the solvents were allowed to equilibrate. Both Van-der-waals and solvation forces were computed at different but fixed interparticle separation. Later Qin and Fitchthorn improved on this model by considering the nanoparticles as collection of molecules, thus taking into the account the effect of surface roughness of nanoparticles. Although the inter particle distance was fixed, the rotation of such nanoparticles with respect to each other was also investigated. Recently, in keeping with the experimental situation, we modified this model by allowing the nanoparticles to move and rotate freely. Solvophilic, neutral and solvophobic interactions between the solvent atoms and those that make up the nanoparticles were modelled. While neutral and solvophobic nanoparticles coalesce even at intermediate distances, solvophilic nanoparticles are more stable in solution due to the formation of a solvent shield.

  17. Poiseuille flow of Lennard-Jones fluids in narrow slit pores

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Travis, Karl P.; Gubbins, Keith E.

    2000-01-01

    We present results from nonequilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) simulations of simple fluids undergoing planar Poiseuille flow in a slit pore only a few molecular diameters in width. The calculations reported in this publication build on previous results by including the effects of attractive forces and studying the flow at narrower pore widths. Our aims are: (1) to examine the role of attractive forces in determining hydrodynamic properties, (2) to provide clearer evidence for the existence of a non-Markovian generalization of Newtons law, (3) to examine the slip-stick boundary conditions in more detail by using a high spatial resolution of the streaming velocity profiles, (4) to investigate the significance of the recently proposed cross-coupling coefficient on the temperature profiles. The presence of attractive interactions gives rise to interesting packing effects, but otherwise, does not significantly alter the spatial dependence of hydrodynamic quantities. We find the strongest evidence to date that Newton's Law breaks down for very narrow pores; the shear viscosity exhibits singularities. We suggest a method to test the validity of the non-Markovian generalization of Newton's Law. No-slip boundary conditions are found to apply, even at these microscopic length scales, provided one takes into account the finite size of the wall atoms. The effects of any strain rate induced coupling to the heat flow are found to be insignificant.

  18. 75 FR 43563 - Dow Jones & Company, Sharon Pennsylvania Print Plant a Subsidiary of News Corporation, West...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-26

    ... June 7, 2010 (75 FR 32224). The workers are engaged in the production of print publications. Pursuant... film came from a company currently approved for TRA, Konica'' and that those plates and film...

  19. Benthic mineralization and solute exchange on a Celtic Sea sand-bank (Jones Bank)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Larsen, Morten; Thamdrup, Bo; Shimmield, Tracy; Glud, Ronnie N.

    2013-10-01

    Benthic carbon mineralization and solute exchange was investigated on a Celtic Sea sandbank during July 2008. The sediment on the top of the bank consisted of consolidated sand, characterized by advective porewater transport and was difficult to sample, this to some extent compromised the investigations at this site. However, intact sediment cores were sampled at 4 stations at the slopes, base of the bank and off the bank (reference site). This sediment was used to assess rates and pathways for benthic diagenesis. Total sediment O2 uptake (TOU) ranged from 5.8 to 9.0 mmol m-2 d-1 and total sediment release rates of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) ranged between 8.60 and 13.8 mmol m-2 d-1. Microbial denitrification and sulfate reduction accounted for <2% and 12-28% of the total benthic carbon mineralization, respectively. The remaining mineralization is ascribed to O2 and Fe/Mn respiration, respectively. Activity profiles of unsupported 210Pb from all stations indicated deep mixing, presumably caused by intense trawling activity in the area. Calculation based on satellite tracking of fishing vessels suggest that on average 33% of the sediment is affected by trawling activity every year. This is presumed to facilitate high metal respiration rates by continuously oxidizing reduced Fe that would otherwise accumulate in the sediment. Extracted porewater profiles reflected elevated NO3- levels as compared to microsensor determined NO3- profiles that were measured in parallel. We suggest that this reflects NO3- leakage from meiofauna - and that the intracellular NO3- pool in the top 5 cm of the sediment exceeds the porewater pool up to a factor of 45. However, this intracellular pool is presumably turned over at very slow rates, compared to the porewater pool subject to microbial denitrification.

  20. The Barrie Jones Lecture—Eye care for the neglected population: challenges and solutions

    PubMed Central

    Rao, G N

    2015-01-01

    Globally, pockets of ‘neglected populations' do not have access to basic health-care services and carry a much greater risk of blindness and visual impairment. While large-scale public health approaches to control blindness due to vitamin A deficiency, onchocerciasis, and trachoma are successful, other causes of blindness still take a heavy toll in the population. High-quality comprehensive eye care that is equitable is the approach that needs wide-scale application to alleviate this inequity. L V Prasad Eye Institute of India developed a multi-tier pyramidal model of eye care delivery that encompasses all levels from primary to advanced tertiary (quaternary). This has demonstrated the feasibility of ‘Universal Eye Health Coverage' covering promotive, preventive, corrective, and rehabilitative aspects of eye care. Using human resources with competency-based training, effective and cost-effective care could be provided to many disadvantaged people. PMID:25567375

  1. Phenotypic variation and fitness in a metapopulation of tubeworms (Ridgeia piscesae Jones) at hydrothermal vents.

    PubMed

    Tunnicliffe, Verena; St Germain, Candice; Hilário, Ana

    2014-01-01

    We examine the nature of variation in a hot vent tubeworm, Ridgeia piscesae, to determine how phenotypes are maintained and how reproductive potential is dictated by habitat. This foundation species at northeast Pacific hydrothermal sites occupies a wide habitat range in a highly heterogeneous environment. Where fluids supply high levels of dissolved sulphide for symbionts, the worm grows rapidly in a "short-fat" phenotype characterized by lush gill plumes; when plumes are healthy, sperm package capture is higher. This form can mature within months and has a high fecundity with continuous gamete output and a lifespan of about three years in unstable conditions. Other phenotypes occupy low fluid flux habitats that are more stable and individuals grow very slowly; however, they have low reproductive readiness that is hampered further by small, predator cropped branchiae, thus reducing fertilization and metabolite uptake. Although only the largest worms were measured, only 17% of low flux worms were reproductively competent compared to 91% of high flux worms. A model of reproductive readiness illustrates that tube diameter is a good predictor of reproductive output and that few low flux worms reached critical reproductive size. We postulate that most of the propagules for the vent fields originate from the larger tubeworms that live in small, unstable habitat patches. The large expanses of worms in more stable low flux habitat sustain a small, but long-term, reproductive output. Phenotypic variation is an adaptation that fosters both morphological and physiological responses to differences in chemical milieu and predator pressure. This foundation species forms a metapopulation with variable growth characteristics in a heterogeneous environment where a strategy of phenotypic variation bestows an advantage over specialization.

  2. Jones matrix formulation of a Porro prism laser resonator with waveplates: theoretical and experimental analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Agrawal, L.; Bhardwaj, A.; Pal, S.; Kumar, A.

    2007-11-01

    This article presents the results of a detailed theoretical and experimental analysis carried out on a folded Z-shaped polarization coupled, electro-optically Q-switched laser resonator with Porro prisms and waveplates. The advantages of adding waveplates in a Porro prism resonator have been explored for creating high loss condition prior to Q-switching and obtaining variable reflectivity with fixed orientation of Porro prism. Generalized expressions have been derived in terms of azimuth angles and phase shifts introduced by the polarizing elements. These expressions corroborate with known reported results under appropriate substitutions. A specific case of a crossed Porro prism diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser has been theoretically and experimentally investigated. In the feedback arm, a 0.57λ waveplate oriented at 135° completely compensates the phase shift of a fused silica Porro prism and provides better tolerances than a BK-7 prism/0.60λ waveplate combination to stop prelasing. The fused silica prism/0.57λ combination with waveplate at 112° acts like a 100% mirror and was utilized for optimization of free running performance. The effective reflectivity was determined for various orientations of the quarter waveplate in the gain arm to numerically estimate the Q-switched laser pulse parameters through rate equation analysis. Experimental results match well with the theoretical analysis.

  3. Should rheumatoid factor in rheumatoid arthritis be sent to Davy Jones's Locker?

    PubMed

    Besada, E; Nikolaissen, C; Nossent, H

    2012-03-01

    This article reviews the characteristics and weaknesses of the rheumatoid factor (RF) assay compared with anti-citrullinated peptide antibody (ACPA) testing in the work-up of patients with synovitis. This should lead physicians to change their ordering habits and replace RF by ACPA. For RA diagnosis, good clinical judgement based on clinical history, physical examination and routine laboratory work exceeds the value of RF and ACPA assays. In settings of both low and high pretest probability, the added value of each of these assays is low. In cases with intermediate probability, ACPA assays are superior to immunoglobulin (Ig)M-RF because of their higher specificity, and they should be the first choice in a RA diagnostic work-up. Dual testing brings few additional advantages and increases costs significantly. ACPA and IgM-RF are both imperfect tests; around 30% of patients with manifest RA will test negative in both assays and therefore caution needs to be exercised when interpreting negative results. Since 2009, the anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibody assay has been the only assay available at our institution for RA work-up, with IgM-RF available on a case-by-case basis for non-RA diseases. This has led to a 70% reduction in RF assays performed annually. PMID:22211313

  4. Two Australian Fetuses: Frederic Wood Jones and the Work of an Anatomical Specimen.

    PubMed

    O'Sullivan, Lisa; Jones, Ross L

    2015-01-01

    A close analysis of two fetal specimens is used to explore of role of material specimens in anatomical practice of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the significance of Indigenous bodies in that era's quest for an understanding of human difference, and the postcolonial legacies of the global project of creating collections of human specimens.

  5. Comment on Cross, Fine, Jones, and Walsh (2012): We Are Now on the Same Page

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldstein, Seth L.

    2012-01-01

    Role conflict has been an issue in the intervention of child abuse cases since the beginning of the alliance drawn between the legal and mental health professions. In child abuse cases, clearly defined roles will prevent an attack on the process, thereby providing successful interventions to protect children. The child advocacy center concept is…

  6. Keeping the Devil Away from Miss Jones: Censorship in Academia, 1976-1980.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woods, L. B.; And Others

    Information on censorship in academia in the United States is presented, based on censorship cases reported in the "Newsletter on Intellectual Freedom" from 1976 to 1981. Cases occurring in academia accounted for 63 of the more than 800 cases reported. The states and institutions in which the censorship attacks occurred are identified, along with…

  7. An EQT-based cDFT approach for a confined Lennard-Jones fluid mixture

    SciTech Connect

    Motevaselian, M. H.; Mashayak, S. Y.; Aluru, N. R.

    2015-09-28

    Empirical potential-based quasi-continuum theory (EQT) provides a route to incorporate atomistic detail into continuum framework such as the Nernst-Planck equation. EQT can also be used to construct a grand potential functional for classical density functional theory (cDFT). The combination of EQT and cDFT provides a simple and fast approach to predict the inhomogeneous density, potential profiles, and thermodynamic properties of confined fluids. We extend the EQT-cDFT approach to confined fluid mixtures and demonstrate it by simulating a mixture of methane and hydrogen inside slit-like channels of graphene. We show that the EQT-cDFT predictions for the structure of the confined fluid mixture compare well with the molecular dynamics simulation results. In addition, our results show that graphene slit nanopores exhibit a selective adsorption of methane over hydrogen.

  8. Quantitative polarization and flow evaluation of choroid and sclera by multifunctional Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sugiyama, S.; Hong, Y.-J.; Kasaragod, D.; Makita, S.; Miura, M.; Ikuno, Y.; Yasuno, Y.

    2016-03-01

    Quantitative evaluation of optical properties of choroid and sclera are performed by multifunctional optical coherence tomography. Five normal eyes, five glaucoma eyes and one choroidal atrophy eye are examined. The refractive error was found to be correlated with choroidal birefringence, polarization uniformity, and flow in addition to scleral birefringence among normal eyes. The significant differences were observed between the normal and the glaucoma eyes, as for choroidal polarization uniformity, flow and scleral birefringence. An automatic segmentation algorithm of retinal pigment epithelium and chorioscleral interface based on multifunctional signals is also presented.

  9. Themes and Symbols in Two Plays by LeRoi Jones: "The Baptism" and "The Toilet"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mootry, Maria K.

    1969-01-01

    Shows the dramatization of a dichotomy in attitudes toward the Church among Black people in the play The Baptism", and the dilemma of a young Black man torn between the code of violence of his Black friends and the more socially acceptable ways of his white friends in the play The Toilet". (KG)

  10. Refracture of proximal fifth metatarsal (Jones) fracture after intramedullary screw fixation in athletes.

    PubMed

    Wright, R W; Fischer, D A; Shively, R A; Heidt, R S; Nuber, G W

    2000-01-01

    This study details six instances of refracture of clinically and radiographically healed fractures of the base of the fifth metatarsal after intramedullary screw fixation. Four professional football players, one college basketball player, and one recreational athlete underwent intramedullary screw fixation of fifth metatarsal fractures. The athletes were released to full activities an average of 8.5 weeks (range, 5.5 to 12) after fixation, when healing was clinically and radiographically documented. Three football players developed refracture within 1 day of return to full activity. The other three athletes refractured at 2.5, 4, and 4.5 months after return to activity. Two football players underwent repeat fixation with larger screws and returned to play in the same season. The college basketball player underwent bone grafting and returned to play in subsequent seasons. The other three athletes underwent nonoperative management and healed uneventfully over 6 to 8 weeks. On the basis of this series, we recommend that 1) screw fixation using a large-diameter screw should be given careful consideration for patients with large body mass for whom early return to activity is important; 2) functional bracing, shoe modification, or an orthosis should be considered for return to play; 3) if refracture occurs, exchange to a larger screw may allow return to play in the same season; and 4) alternative imaging should be considered to help document complete healing.

  11. Google Trends: Ready for real-time suicide prevention or just a Zeta-Jones effect? An exploratory study.

    PubMed

    Fond, Guillaume; Gaman, Alexandru; Brunel, Lore; Haffen, Emmanuel; Llorca, Pierre-Michel

    2015-08-30

    Two studies have shown that increasing the consultation of the word "suicide" in the Google search engine was associated with a subsequent increase in the prevalence of suicide attempts. The main goal of this article was to explore the trends generated by a key-word search associated with suicide, depression and bipolarity in an attempt to identify general trends (disorders epidemics in the population/"real events" vs newsworthy advertisement/"media event"). Based on previous studies, the frequency of the search words "how to suicide" and "commit suicide" were analyzed for suicide, as well as "depression" (for depressive disorders) and "bipolar disorder". Together, these analyses suggest that the search for the words "how to suicide" or "commit suicide" on the Google search engine may be a good indicator for suicide prevention policies. However, the tool is not developed enough to date to be used as a real time dynamic indicator of suicide epidemics. The frequency of the search for the word "suicide" was associated with those for "depression" but not for "bipolar disorder", but searches for psychiatric conditions seem to be influenced by media events more than by real events in the general population.

  12. Conformation of a flexible chain in explicit solvent: exact solvation potentials for short Lennard-Jones chains.

    PubMed

    Taylor, Mark P; Adhikari, Shishir R

    2011-07-28

    The average conformation of a flexible chain molecule in solution is coupled to the local solvent structure. In a dense solvent, local chain structure often mirrors the pure solvent structure, whereas, in a dilute solvent, the chain can strongly perturb the solvent structure which, in turn, can lead to either chain expansion or compression. Here we use Monte Carlo (MC) simulation to study such solvent effects for a short Lennard-Lones (LJ) chain in monomeric LJ solvent. For an n-site chain molecule in solution these many-body solvent effects can be formally mapped to an n-body solvation potential. We have previously shown that for hard-sphere and square-well chain-in-solvent systems this n-body potential can be decomposed into a set of two-body potentials. Here, we show that this decomposition is also valid for the LJ system. Starting from high precision MC results for the n = 5 LJ chain-in-solvent system, we use a Boltzmann inversion technique to compute numerically exact sets of two-body solvation potentials which map the many-body chain-in-solvent problem to a few-body single-chain problem. We have carried out this mapping across the full solvent phase diagram including the dilute vapor, dense liquid, and supercritical regions and find that these sets of solvation potentials are able to encode the complete range of solvent effects found in the LJ chain-in-solvent system. We also show that these two-site solvation potentials can be used to obtain accurate multi-site intramolecular distribution functions and we discuss the application of these exact short chain potentials to the study of longer chains in solvent. PMID:21806157

  13. A massively parallel algorithm for grand canonical Monte Carlo computer simulation with the short-ranged Lennard-Jones potential

    SciTech Connect

    Heffelfinger, G.S.; Lewitt, M.E.

    1994-05-01

    We present a new massively parallel decomposition for grand canonical Monte Carlo computer simulation (GCMC) suitable for short ranged fluids. Our spatial algorithm relies on the fact that for short-ranged fluids, molecules separated by a greater distance than the reach of the potential act independently, thus different processors can work concurrently in regions of the same system which are sufficiently far apart. Several parallelization issues unique to GCMC are addressed such as the handling of the three different types of Monte Carlo move used in GCMC: the displacement of a molecule, the creation of a molecule, and the destruction of a molecule. The decomposition is shown to scale with system size, making it especially useful for systems where the physical problem dictates the system size, for example, fluid behavior in mesopores.

  14. Large scale simulations of melting in two dimensional Lennard-Jones systems: Evidence for a metastable hexatic phase

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, K.; Kaplan, T.; Mostoller, M.

    1996-03-01

    In 1995, North Americans installed $5 billion in efficiency equipment in their buildings in order to save money and conserve energy and water. But this covers only a small fraction of the existing cost-effective opportunities for energy savings investments. If all cost-effective efficiency investments were made in public and commercial buildings, the United States would save $20 billion per year on energy bills, create over 100,000 jobs, and significantly cut pollution. When firms invest in energy efficiency, they naturally want to know how much they have saved and how long their savings will last. If the installation had been made to generate energy, measurements would be trivial - install a meter. But to measure savings is a challenge, and requires both metering and a methodology, known as a measurement and verification protocol. To determine energy savings, the parties (the building owner, the installer and perhaps the financier) must first agree on the {open_quotes}base case{close_quotes} (what the building used before retrofit), and then must measure energy use after retrofit. They may want to adjust the savings for variations in the weather or changes in occupancy or work schedules. And they should keep up the measurements to ensure that their savings persist.

  15. Identification of new cytotypes of Valeriana jatamansi Jones, 1970 (Valerianaceae) from North-Western Himalayan region of India

    PubMed Central

    Rani, Savita; Sharma, Tilak Raj; Kapila, Rakesh; Chahota, Rakesh Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Valeriana jatamansi, a medicinally important species of the family Valerianaceae, has been cytologically studied in different geographical areas of North-Western Himalayan region of India. The tetraploid cytotype with chromosome numbers 2n=32 is in conformity with the earlier reports of the species from different parts of the world. An octoploid cytotype (2n=64) makes a new addition for the species on a worldwide basis, whereas the diploid cytotype (2n=16) is new to India have been reported for the first time in India. These cytotypes (2n=16, 32, 64) show significant variations with respect to morphology as well as geographical distribution in the Western Indian Himalayas. Further, anomalous populations have been marked with meiotic abnormalities in the form of cytomixis, chromosomal stickiness, unoriented bivalents, formation of laggards and bridges resulting in abnormal microsporogenesis, and production of heterogeneous-sized fertile pollen grains along with reduced pollen fertility. PMID:26753070

  16. Dependance de la viscosité en fonction du taux de cisaillement dans un fluide de Lennard-Jones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quentrec, B.

    A l'aide de la théorie linéarisée de l'ordre local, nous calculons la fonction de mémoire du courant transverse. Nous trouvons que sa forme est la même que celle obtenue par Levesque, Verlet et Kurkijarvi par une simulation à l'équilibre de l'argon près du point triple (ρ* = 0,8442, T* = 0,722). Nous en déduisons les deux paramètres de la théorie, à savoir R le coefficient de couplage et τ la durée de vie de la structure locale. Nous calculons ensuite la viscosité dépendant du taux de cisaillement η(η(τ. Si nous prenons pour ces paramètres les valeurs données par la simulation à l'équilibre nous avons donc pour η() une expression sans paramètres ajustable. Lorsque nous comparons cette expression avec les valeurs expérimentales obtenues à partir de simulations numérique d'un écoulement de Couette, l'accord est satisfaisant.

  17. Early Indians Use Jones Valley. (Reading for "The South: Birmingham Case Study and the South as a Region". Grade Five (Unit IV) Project Social Studies.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Project Social Studies Curriculum Center.

    Readings designed to accompany Unit IV, (ED 069 562) which is intended for fifth grade students, describe the Birmingham region from 1812 to 1872. Nine themes in the study illustrate settlement in the valley, early growth in Birmingham, and the changing use of the area in terms of different perceptions of natural resources. Technical advancement…

  18. Official 1997 Mock Trial Materials for the Twenty-Fifth Annual District of Columbia Public Schools Mock Trail Program: Ricki Jones, Plaintiff v. Metro City, Defendant.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Kamina A.; Roe, Richard L.

    This packet of materials contains law-related materials for students to conduct a mock trial. In this case a faulty water system, containing the parasite Pindia, contributed to the death of an AIDS patient. Statements from the plaintiff, a representative of the Metro City Water Department, health officials, and others are presented. New releases,…

  19. A Comparison of Life Goals, Attitudes and Perceptions of Home Economics Majors at Bob Jones University and 1862 Colleges and Universities in the Southern Region.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyatt, Marcella Anne

    To develop a profile of home economics majors at a private Christian university and to compare their goals, attitudes and perceptions with those of 1126 home economics majors at the 37 land grant institutions participating in the S-114 Southern Regional Study, the S-114 questionnaire is used to survey all 247 home economics majors at Bob Jones…

  20. Delineation of tidal scour through marine geophysical techniques at Sloop Channel and Goose Creek bridges, Jones Beach State Park, Long Island, New York

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Stumm, Frederick; Chu, Anthony; Reynolds, Richard J.

    2001-01-01

    Inspection of the Goose Creek Bridge in southeastern Nassau County in April 1998 by the New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) indicated a separation of bridge piers from the road bed as a result of pier instability due to apparent seabed scouring by tidal currents. This prompted a cooperative study by the U.S. Geological Survey with the NYSDOT to delineate the extent of tidal scour at this bridge and at the Sloop Channel Bridge, about 0.5 mile to the south, through several marine- geophysical techniques. These techniques included use of a narrow-beam, 200-kilohertz, research-grade fathometer, a global positioning system accurate to within 3 feet, a 3.5 to 7-kilohertz seismic-reflection profiler, and an acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP). The ADCP was used only at the Sloop Channel Bridge; the other techniques were used at both bridges. Results indicate extensive tidal scour at both bridges. The fathometer data indicate two major scour holes nearly parallel to the Sloop Channel Bridge -- one along the east side, and one along the west side (bridge is oriented north-south). The scour-hole depths are as much as 47 feet below sea level and average more than 40 feet below sea level; these scour holes also appear to have begun to connect beneath the bridge. The deepest scour is at the north end of the bridge beneath the westernmost piers. The east-west symmetry of scour at Sloop Channel Bridge suggests that flood and ebb tides produce extensive scour. The thickness of sediment that has settled within scour holes could not be interpreted from fathometer data alone because fathometer frequencies cannot penetrate beneath the sea-floor surface. The lower frequencies used in seismic-reflection profiling can penetrate the sea floor and underlying sediments, and indicate the amount of infilling of scour holes, the extent of riprap under the bridge, and the assemblages of clay, sand, and silt beneath the sea floor. The seismic- reflection surveys detected 2 to 5 feet of sediment filling the scour holes at both bridges; this indicates that the fathometer surveys were undermeasuring the effective depth of bridge scour by 2 to 5 feet through their inability to penetrate the infilled sediment. Several clay layers with thicknesses of 3 to 5 feet were detected beneath the sea floor at both bridges. Most of the piers beneath Sloop Channel Bridge appear to be surrounded by riprap, but, in several areas the riprap appears to be slumping or sliding into adjacent scour holes. Similar slumping was indicated at the Goose Creek Bridge. Most of the sediment underlying the sea floor at both bridges is interpreted as a fine-grained, cross-bedded sand. DCP data from Sloop Channel indicate that the constricted flow beneath the bridge increases the horizontal current velocities from 2 to 6 feet per second. Total measured discharge beneath Sloop Channel Bridge was 41,800 cubic feet per second at flood tide and 27,600 cubic feet per second at ebb tide.

  1. Surface induced nucleation of a Lennard-Jones system on an implicit surface at sub-freezing temperatures: a comparison with the classical nucleation theory.

    PubMed

    Loeffler, Troy D; Chen, Bin

    2013-12-21

    The aggregation-volume-bias Monte Carlo method was employed to study surface-induced nucleation of Lennard-Jonesium on an implicit surface below the melting point. It was found that surfaces catalyze not only the formation of the droplets (where the nucleation free energy barriers were shown to decrease with increasing surface interaction strength), but also the transition of these droplets into crystal structures due to the surface-induced layering effects. However, this only occurs under suitable interaction strength. When surface attraction is too strong, crystallization is actually inhibited due to the spread of the particles across the surface and corresponding formation of two-dimensional clusters. The simulation results were also used to examine the bulk-droplet based classical nucleation theory for surface-induced nucleation, particularly the additional contact angle term used to describe both the nucleation free energy barrier heights and the critical cluster sizes compared to its homogeneous nucleation formalism. Similar to what has been found previously for homogeneous nucleation, the theory does poorly toward the high-supersaturation region when the critical clusters are small and fractal, but the theoretical predictions on both barrier heights and critical cluster sizes improve rapidly with the decrease of the supersaturation.

  2. Bence-Jones Protein λ-type Multiple Myeloma Patient Withdrawn from Maintenance Hemodialysis after Long-term Bortezomib and Dexamethasone Therapy.

    PubMed

    Yamaguchi, Wakaba; Yui, Naofumi; Nagao, Toshikage; Oshikawa, Gaku; Negi, Mariko; Iimori, Soichiro; Okado, Tomokazu; Rai, Tatemitsu; Uchida, Shinichi

    2016-01-01

    The effectiveness of bortezomib treatment for multiple myeloma (MM) is well established. However, the protocol by which maintenance therapy using bortezomib should be continued for myeloma patients requiring regular hemodialysis remains to be established. We herein report a case of MM with severe renal insufficiency requiring hemodialysis for nearly 30 months which was finally withdrawn from renal replacement therapy during monthly maintenance treatment with bortezomib and dexamethasone for two years. The details of this case are essential for establishing clinical guidelines for applying intermittent low-frequency bortezomib therapy in dialysis-dependent myeloma patients. PMID:26831021

  3. Beyond the Van Der Waals loop: What can be learned from simulating Lennard-Jones fluids inside the region of phase coexistence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Binder, Kurt; Block, Benjamin J.; Virnau, Peter; Tröster, Andreas

    2012-12-01

    As a rule, mean-field theories applied to a fluid that can undergo a transition from saturated vapor at density ρυ to a liquid at density ρℓ yield a van der Waals loop. For example, isotherms of the chemical potential μ(T ,ρ) as a function of the density ρ at a fixed temperature T less than the critical temperature Tc exhibit a maximum and a minimum. Metastable and unstable parts of the van der Waals loop can be eliminated by the Maxwell construction. Van der Waals loops and the corresponding double minimum potentials are mean-field artifacts. Simulations at fixed μ =μcoex for ρυ<ρ <ρℓ yield a loop, but for sufficiently large systems this loop does not resemble the van der Waals loop and reflects interfacial effects on phase coexistence due to finite size effects. In contrast to the van der Waals loop, all parts of the loop found in simulations are thermodynamically stable. The successive umbrella sampling algorithm is described as a convenient tool for seeing these effects. It is shown that the maximum of the loop is not the stability limit of a metastable vapor but signifies the droplet evaporation-condensation transition. The descending part of the loop contains information on Tolman-like corrections to the surface tension, rather than describing unstable states.

  4. Matters of Cost: Part I. Jones Learns about Balance Sheets: Part II. A Look at Budgetary Control: Part III. The Supervisor's "Do-It-Yourself" Series 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, J. E.; And Others

    This guide, which is intended for new supervisors and managers to use in an independent study setting, deals with costing, balance sheets, and budgetary control. The first section, "Matters of Cost" by J. E. and J. F. Smith, deals with the following topics: profits and productivity, principles of costing, cost control and cost reduction, fixed and…

  5. Bence-Jones Protein λ-type Multiple Myeloma Patient Withdrawn from Maintenance Hemodialysis after Long-term Bortezomib and Dexamethasone Therapy.

    PubMed

    Yamaguchi, Wakaba; Yui, Naofumi; Nagao, Toshikage; Oshikawa, Gaku; Negi, Mariko; Iimori, Soichiro; Okado, Tomokazu; Rai, Tatemitsu; Uchida, Shinichi

    2016-01-01

    The effectiveness of bortezomib treatment for multiple myeloma (MM) is well established. However, the protocol by which maintenance therapy using bortezomib should be continued for myeloma patients requiring regular hemodialysis remains to be established. We herein report a case of MM with severe renal insufficiency requiring hemodialysis for nearly 30 months which was finally withdrawn from renal replacement therapy during monthly maintenance treatment with bortezomib and dexamethasone for two years. The details of this case are essential for establishing clinical guidelines for applying intermittent low-frequency bortezomib therapy in dialysis-dependent myeloma patients.

  6. 20 CFR 416.315 - Who may sign an application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... for Mr. Jones. Mr. Jones, who lives alone, just suffered a heart attack and is in the hospital. He..., a loss of benefits would result if it is later determined that Mr. Jones is in fact disabled....

  7. 20 CFR 416.315 - Who may sign an application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... for Mr. Jones. Mr. Jones, who lives alone, just suffered a heart attack and is in the hospital. He..., a loss of benefits would result if it is later determined that Mr. Jones is in fact disabled....

  8. 20 CFR 416.315 - Who may sign an application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... for Mr. Jones. Mr. Jones, who lives alone, just suffered a heart attack and is in the hospital. He..., a loss of benefits would result if it is later determined that Mr. Jones is in fact disabled....

  9. 20 CFR 416.315 - Who may sign an application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... for Mr. Jones. Mr. Jones, who lives alone, just suffered a heart attack and is in the hospital. He..., a loss of benefits would result if it is later determined that Mr. Jones is in fact disabled....

  10. Central of Georgia Railway, Savannah Repair Shops & Terminal Facilities, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Central of Georgia Railway, Savannah Repair Shops & Terminal Facilities, Brick Storage Vaults under Jones Street, Bounded by West Broad, Jones, West Boundary & Hull Streets, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

  11. Learning curve for a modified Watson-Jones minimally invasive approach in primary total hip replacement: analysis of complications and early results versus the standard-incision posterior approach.

    PubMed

    Laffosse, Jean-Michel; Chiron, Philippe; Accadbled, Franck; Molinier, François; Tricoire, Jean-Louis; Puget, Jean

    2006-12-01

    We analysed the learning curve of an anterolateral minimally invasive (ALMI) approach for primary total hip replacement (THR). The first 42 THR's with large-diameter heads implanted through this approach (group 1) were compared to a cohort of 58 THR's with a 28-mm head performed through a standard-incision posterior approach (group 2). No selection was made and the groups were comparable. Implant positioning as well as early clinical results were satisfactory and were comparable in the two groups. In group 1, the rate of intraoperative complications was significantly higher (greater trochanter fracture in 4 cases, cortical perforation in 3 cases, calcar fracture in one case, nerve palsy in one case, secondary tilting of the metal back in 2 cases) than in group 2 (one nerve palsy and one calcar crack). At 6 months, one revision of the acetabular cup was performed in group 1 for persistent pain, whereas in group 2, we noted 3 dislocations (2 were revised) and 2 periprosthetic femoral fractures. Our study showed a high rate of intra- and perioperative complications during the learning curve for an ALMI approach. These are more likely to occur in obese or osteoporotic patients, and in those with bulky muscles or very stiff hips. Postoperative complications were rare. The early clinical results are excellent and we may expect to achieve better results with a more standardised procedure. During the initial period of the learning curve, it would be preferable to select patients with an appropriate morphology.

  12. Molecular Force Field Development for Aqueous Electrolytes: 1. Incorporating Appropriate Experimental Data and the Inadequacy of Simple Electrolyte Force Fields Based on Lennard-Jones and Point Charge Interactions with Lorentz-Berthelot Rules.

    PubMed

    Moučka, Filip; Nezbeda, Ivo; Smith, William R

    2013-11-12

    It is known that none of the available simple molecular interaction models of aqueous electrolytes based on SPC/E water and their associated force fields are able to reproduce the concentration dependence of important thermodynamic properties of even the simplest electrolyte, NaCl, at ambient conditions over the entire experimentally accessible concentration range [ Mouc̆ka , F. ; Nezbeda , I. ; Smith , W. R. J. Chem. Phys. 2013 , 138 , 154102 ]. This paper explores the possibility of improving their performance by incorporating concentration-dependent experimental data for the total ionic chemical potential and the density into the fitting procedure, in addition to experimental values of solubility and solid chemical potential. We describe a general parameter estimation methodology for a studied class of models that incorporates the aforementioned experimental data. When the entire concentration range is considered, although the resulting force field is a slight improvement over others currently available in the literature, overall quantitative agreement with the experimental data over this range remains unsatisfactory. This indicates an inherent limitation of such simple molecular interaction models and strongly suggests that more complex mathematical forms of such models are required to quantitatively predict the properties of aqueous electrolyte solutions when the entire concentration range is of interest. Our parameter estimation methodology is also applicable to such cases. PMID:26583422

  13. Fairy-Tale Physics Farewell to Reality Bankrupting Physics: Baggott-Unzicker-Jones Critiques Shame Physics' Shameless Media-Hype P.R. Spin-Doctoring Touting Sci-Fi Veracity-Abandonment ``Show-Biz'' Spectacle: Caveat Emptor!!!

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Siegel, Edward

    2014-03-01

    Baggott[Farewell to Reality: How Fairy-Tale Physics Betrayed Search For Scientific Truth]-Unzicker [Bankrupting Physics: How Top Scientists Are Gambling Away Credibility] shame physics shameless rock-star media-hype P.R. spin-doctoring veracity-abandoning touting sci-fi show-biz aided by online proliferation of uncritical pop-sci science-writers verbal diarrhea, all spectacle vs little truth, lacking Kant-Popper skepticism/ falsification, lemming-like stampedes to truth abandonment, qualified by vague adverbs: might, could, should, may,...vs factual is! Physics, motivated by financial greed, swept up in its very own hype, touts whatever next big thing/cutting-edge bombast ad infinitum/ad nauseum, turning it into mere trendy carney sideshow, full of fury(FOF) but signifying absolutely nothing! Witness: GIGO claims string-theory holographic-universe causes cuprates optical conductivity; failed Anderson RVB cuprates theory vs. Keimer discovery all cuprates ``paramagnons'' bosons aka Overhauser SDWs; Overbye NYT holographic-universe jargonial-obfuscation comments including one from APS journals editor-in-chief re. its unintelligibility, FOF but signifying absolutely nothing INTELLIGIBLE!; Bak/BNL SOC tad late rediscovery of F =ma mere renaming of Siegel acoustic-emission!; 2007 physics Nobel-prize Fert-Gruenberg rediscovery of Siegel[JMMM 7,312(78); https://www.flickr.com/search/?q = GIANT-MAGNETORESISTANCE] GMR. Each trendy latest big thing modulo lack of prior attribution aka out and out bombastic chicanery! Siegel caveat emptor ``Buzzwordism, Bandwagonism, Sloganeering for Fun Profit Survival Ego'' sociological-dysfunctionality thrives!

  14. Fairy-Tale Physics Farewell to Reality Bankrupting Physics: Baggott-Unzicker-Jones Critiques Shame Physics' Shameless Media-Hype P.R. Spin-Doctoring Touting Sci-Fi Veracity-Abandonment ``Show-Biz'' Spectacle: Caveat Emptor!!!

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Siegel, Edward

    2014-03-01

    Baggott[Farewell to Reality: How Fairy-Tale Physics Betrayed Search For Scientific Truth]-Unzicker [Bankrupting Physics: How Top Scientists Are Gambling Away Credibility] shame physics shameless rock-star media-hype P.R. spin-doctoring veracity-abandoning touting sci-fi show-biz aided by online proliferation of uncritical pop-sci science-writers verbal diarrhea, all spectacle vs little truth, lacking Kant-Popper skepticism/falsification, lemming-like stampedes to truth abandonment, qualified by vague adverbs: might, could, should, may,...vs factual is! Physics, motivated by financial greed, swept up in its very own hype, touts whatever next big thing/cutting-edge bombast ad infinitum/ad nauseum, turning it into mere trendy carney sideshow, full of fury(FOF) but signifying absolutely nothing! Witness: GIGO claims string-theory holographic-universe causes cuprates optical conductivity; failed Anderson RVB cuprates theory vs. Keimer discovery all cuprates ``paramagnons'' bosons aka Overhauser SDWs; Overbye NYT holographic-universe jargonial-obfuscation comments including one from APS journals editor-in-chief re. its unintelligibility, FOF but signifying absolutely nothing INTELLIGIBLE!; Bak/BNL SOC tad late rediscovery of F =ma mere renaming of Siegel acoustic-emission!; 2007 physics Nobel-prize Fert-Gruenberg rediscovery of Siegel[JMMM 7,312(78); https://www.flickr.com/search/?q=GIANT-MAGNETORESISTANCE] GMR. Each trendy latest big thing modulo lack of prior attribution aka out and out bombastic chicanery! Siegel caveat emptor ``Buzzwordism, Bandwagonism, Sloganeering for Fun Profit Survival Ego'' sociological-dysfunctionality thrives!

  15. USAID's HIV / AIDS strategy for Asia: promoting early intervention. An inverview with Kerri-Ann Jones of the U.S. Agency for International Development's Asia Bureau about the USAID HIV / AIDS Strategic Plan for Asia.

    PubMed

    1994-08-01

    Although the World Health Organization estimates that $1.5-2.9 billion is needed per year to adequately support global HIV/AIDS prevention efforts, less than $200 million/year is being spent to prevent the transmission of HIV in the developing world. Worse still, US Agency for International Development (USAID) resources are shrinking. Two factors make HIV/AIDS prevention action in Asia a particularly urgent priority: more than half of the world's population lives in the region and the AIDS epidemic is still in its formative stages there. Rapid urbanization, high levels of migration, and large commercial sex and transportation industries are also typical in most countries of the region. In this context, the Asia Bureau of USAID adopted a strategic plan against HIV/AIDS in June 1993. In so doing, the bureau plans to work with the AIDSCAP program to coordinate prevention efforts and maximize the use of all available resources against the epidemic. Strategy focuses upon policy dialogue, communication to promote behavior change, improving the management of sexually transmitted diseases, improving access to condoms, monitoring and evaluation, and behavioral research. Interventions recommended by the plan, USAID coordination with other donors in the region, coordination with other AIDS prevention efforts already underway in a country, mission response to the plan, the interest of Asian governments in AIDS prevention, and the mechanism by which the plan is carried out are discussed.

  16. Molecular Force Field Development for Aqueous Electrolytes: 1. Incorporating Appropriate Experimental Data and the Inadequacy of Simple Electrolyte Force Fields Based on Lennard-Jones and Point Charge Interactions with Lorentz-Berthelot Rules.

    PubMed

    Moučka, Filip; Nezbeda, Ivo; Smith, William R

    2013-11-12

    It is known that none of the available simple molecular interaction models of aqueous electrolytes based on SPC/E water and their associated force fields are able to reproduce the concentration dependence of important thermodynamic properties of even the simplest electrolyte, NaCl, at ambient conditions over the entire experimentally accessible concentration range [ Mouc̆ka , F. ; Nezbeda , I. ; Smith , W. R. J. Chem. Phys. 2013 , 138 , 154102 ]. This paper explores the possibility of improving their performance by incorporating concentration-dependent experimental data for the total ionic chemical potential and the density into the fitting procedure, in addition to experimental values of solubility and solid chemical potential. We describe a general parameter estimation methodology for a studied class of models that incorporates the aforementioned experimental data. When the entire concentration range is considered, although the resulting force field is a slight improvement over others currently available in the literature, overall quantitative agreement with the experimental data over this range remains unsatisfactory. This indicates an inherent limitation of such simple molecular interaction models and strongly suggests that more complex mathematical forms of such models are required to quantitatively predict the properties of aqueous electrolyte solutions when the entire concentration range is of interest. Our parameter estimation methodology is also applicable to such cases.

  17. Reflective Practice in Nursing (Third edition) Howatson-Jones Lioba Reflective Practice in Nursing (Third edition) 200pp £19.99 Learning Matters/Sage 9781473919297 1473919290 [Formula: see text].

    PubMed

    2016-08-01

    Reflection and reflexivity are essential skills in all fields of nursing practice. However, these skills are not always inherent, and many students need preparation and guidance to develop them. PMID:27484560

  18. Broad nasal bridge

    MedlinePlus

    ... Jones KL, Jones MC, Del Campo MD, eds. Smith's Recognizable Patterns of Human Malformation . 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2013:chap H. Olitsky SE, Hug D, Plummer LS, Stahl ED, Ariss MM, Lindquist TP. Disorders of ...

  19. 31 CFR 353.80 - Payment to corporations or unincorporated associations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... example, “The Jones Coal Company, a corporation, by John Jones, President”, or “The Lotus Club, an unincorporated association, by William A. Smith, Treasurer”. A request for payment so signed and certified...

  20. 31 CFR 353.80 - Payment to corporations or unincorporated associations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... example, “The Jones Coal Company, a corporation, by John Jones, President”, or “The Lotus Club, an unincorporated association, by William A. Smith, Treasurer”. A request for payment so signed and certified...

  1. 31 CFR 353.81 - Payment to partnerships.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... partner. The signature to the request should be in the form, for example, “Smith and Jones, a partnership, by John Jones, a general partner”. A request for payment so signed and certified will ordinarily...

  2. 31 CFR 353.81 - Payment to partnerships.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... partner. The signature to the request should be in the form, for example, “Smith and Jones, a partnership, by John Jones, a general partner”. A request for payment so signed and certified will ordinarily...

  3. 31 CFR 315.81 - Payment to partnerships.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... signed by a general partner. The signature to the request should be in the form, for example, “Smith and Jones, a partnership, by John Jones, a general partner”. A request for payment so signed and...

  4. 31 CFR 315.80 - Payment to corporations or unincorporated associations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... should be in the form, for example, “The Jones Coal Company, a corporation, by John Jones, President”, or “The Lotus Club, an unincorporated association, by William A. Smith, Treasurer”. A request for...

  5. 31 CFR 315.81 - Payment to partnerships.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... signed by a general partner. The signature to the request should be in the form, for example, “Smith and Jones, a partnership, by John Jones, a general partner”. A request for payment so signed and...

  6. 31 CFR 353.80 - Payment to corporations or unincorporated associations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... example, “The Jones Coal Company, a corporation, by John Jones, President”, or “The Lotus Club, an unincorporated association, by William A. Smith, Treasurer”. A request for payment so signed and certified...

  7. 31 CFR 315.80 - Payment to corporations or unincorporated associations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... should be in the form, for example, “The Jones Coal Company, a corporation, by John Jones, President”, or “The Lotus Club, an unincorporated association, by William A. Smith, Treasurer”. A request for...

  8. 31 CFR 315.81 - Payment to partnerships.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... signed by a general partner. The signature to the request should be in the form, for example, “Smith and Jones, a partnership, by John Jones, a general partner”. A request for payment so signed and...

  9. 31 CFR 353.81 - Payment to partnerships.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... partner. The signature to the request should be in the form, for example, “Smith and Jones, a partnership, by John Jones, a general partner”. A request for payment so signed and certified will ordinarily...

  10. 31 CFR 315.80 - Payment to corporations or unincorporated associations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... should be in the form, for example, “The Jones Coal Company, a corporation, by John Jones, President”, or “The Lotus Club, an unincorporated association, by William A. Smith, Treasurer”. A request for...

  11. 31 CFR 315.81 - Payment to partnerships.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... signed by a general partner. The signature to the request should be in the form, for example, “Smith and Jones, a partnership, by John Jones, a general partner”. A request for payment so signed and...

  12. Webbing of the fingers or toes

    MedlinePlus

    ... Carpenter syndrome Cornelia de Lange syndrome Pfeiffer syndrome Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome Use of the medicine hydantoin ... Jones KL, Jones MC, Del Campo M, eds. Smith's Recognizable Patterns of Human Malformation . 7th ed. Philadelphia, ...

  13. Aase syndrome

    MedlinePlus

    Aase-Smith syndrome; Hypoplastic anemia - triphalangeal thumbs, Aase-Smith type ... Jones KL, Jones MC, Del Campo M, eds. Smith's Recognizable Patterns of Human Malformation . 7th ed. Philadelphia, ...

  14. Detail of bricked up storage vault opening Central of ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detail of bricked up storage vault opening - Central of Georgia Railway, Savannah Repair Shops & Terminal Facilities, Brick Storage Vaults under Jones Street, Bounded by West Broad, Jones, West Boundary & Hull Streets, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

  15. 31 CFR 353.7 - Authorized forms of registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... payable on death to another. “Payable on death to” may be abbreviated to “P.O.D.” Examples: John A. Jones 123-45-6789 payable on death to Mrs. Ella S. Jones. John A. Jones 123-45-6789 P.O.D. Ella S. Jones 987... (or black lung benefits, as the case may be). (If the beneficiary is a minor, the words “a...

  16. 31 CFR 353.7 - Authorized forms of registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... payable on death to another. “Payable on death to” may be abbreviated to “P.O.D.” Examples: John A. Jones 123-45-6789 payable on death to Mrs. Ella S. Jones. John A. Jones 123-45-6789 P.O.D. Ella S. Jones 987... (or black lung benefits, as the case may be). (If the beneficiary is a minor, the words “a...

  17. 31 CFR 353.7 - Authorized forms of registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... payable on death to another. “Payable on death to” may be abbreviated to “P.O.D.” Examples: John A. Jones 123-45-6789 payable on death to Mrs. Ella S. Jones. John A. Jones 123-45-6789 P.O.D. Ella S. Jones 987... (or black lung benefits, as the case may be). (If the beneficiary is a minor, the words “a...

  18. 31 CFR 353.7 - Authorized forms of registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... payable on death to another. “Payable on death to” may be abbreviated to “P.O.D.” Examples: John A. Jones 123-45-6789 payable on death to Mrs. Ella S. Jones. John A. Jones 123-45-6789 P.O.D. Ella S. Jones 987... (or black lung benefits, as the case may be). (If the beneficiary is a minor, the words “a...

  19. 31 CFR 353.7 - Authorized forms of registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... payable on death to another. “Payable on death to” may be abbreviated to “P.O.D.” Examples: John A. Jones 123-45-6789 payable on death to Mrs. Ella S. Jones. John A. Jones 123-45-6789 P.O.D. Ella S. Jones 987... (or black lung benefits, as the case may be). (If the beneficiary is a minor, the words “a...

  20. 31 CFR 321.7 - Authorized cash payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the will of Robert J. Smith, deceased. Tenth National Bank by John F. Green, Trust Officer, executor... sign the request for payment in the form, e.g., “John A. Jones, on behalf of John C. Jones.” The... (father or mother) of John C. Jones and the person (with whom he resides) (to whom custody has...

  1. View looking SW at brick retaining wall running parallel to ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View looking SW at brick retaining wall running parallel to Jones Street showing bricked up storage vaults - Central of Georgia Railway, Savannah Repair Shops & Terminal Facilities, Brick Storage Vaults under Jones Street, Bounded by West Broad, Jones, West Boundary & Hull Streets, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

  2. A Planar Calculus for Infinite Index Subfactors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Penneys, David

    2013-05-01

    We develop an analog of Jones' planar calculus for II 1-factor bimodules with arbitrary left and right von Neumann dimension. We generalize to bimodules Burns' results on rotations and extremality for infinite index subfactors. These results are obtained without Jones' basic construction and the resulting Jones projections.

  3. 49 CFR 40.351 - What confidentiality requirements apply to service agents?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION WORKPLACE DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING PROGRAMS Roles and Responsibilities of Service Agents § 40.351... has employers X and Y as clients. Employee Jones works for X, and you maintain Jones' drug and alcohol test for X. Jones wants to change jobs and work for Y. You may not inform Y of the result of a...

  4. Comment on "Column-scale unsaturated hydraulic conductivity estimates in coarse-textured homogeneous and layered soils derived under steady-state evaporation from a water table" by M. Sadeghi, M. Tuller, M.R. Gohardoust and S.B. Jones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lehmann, Peter; Assouline, Shmuel; Or, Dani

    2015-10-01

    The authors presented a new solution for steady-state evaporation during stage II from coarse-textured porous media (under isothermal conditions) that enables to (i) compute the maximum distance Dmax between the water table and the vaporization plane (where water phase change from liquid to vapor occurs) for a certain evaporation rate e and (ii) estimate the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity K(h) as a function of capillary head h by measuring e(Dmax). The mathematical procedure presented is correct and interesting, however, the study makes various unsubstantiated claims regarding potential generalization of the results that deserve some scrutiny considering the wealth of experimental and other physically-based theoretical studies of this important phenomenon. The general outcome is that we consider the conclusion as presented in the abstract "The presented approach offers an alternative method for determination of unsaturated hydraulic conductivity of homogeneous coarse-textured soils and a new solution for prediction of the effective unsaturated hydraulic conductivity of layered coarse-textured soils" unfounded. In the comment below we address (i) the confusion between different definitions of hydraulic continuity of the liquid phase, (ii) the limited application of the method to a small range of evaporative fluxes, (iii) the plausibility of interpretations assuming hydraulic continuity across 10's of meters, (iv) the correctness of the estimations of maximum hydraulic continuity length Dmax from water table depth D for the coarse textured media considered in the study, and (v) a questionable application of the method for layered profiles. We first comment on some of the key derivations and their relations to soil properties and boundary conditions, and then discuss the physical validity of some of the generalization claims.

  5. AN APPLIED ONTOLOGY TO THE MID-ATLANTIC CABLE: HISTORICAL TO MODERN INFORMATICS CONSIDERATION FROM A MATH PERSPECTIVE KAIEM L. FRINK ELIZABETH CITY STATE UNIVERSITY(ECSU)KAIEM_FRINK@HOTMAIL.COM, DR. DEWAYNE B. BRANCH ECSU, DR. ROB RASKIN JET PROPULSIONS LABORATORY GLENDA THOMAS ECSU,KENNETH JONES ECSU

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frink, K.; Branch, B. D.; Raskin, R.

    2009-12-01

    As early as the 1600's scientists in various fields world to address a global human need of human communication on a global basis by implementing the trans-Atlantic cable. The Mid 4Trans-Atlantic cable is one of the earliest forms of global commutation. Here may be the first evidence of informatics needs where science, data, and engineering were collaborated across disciplines to advance a world standard of living. This work investigates what applied ontology may have been consisting with the thought pattern of such expertise who conducted informatics arguably without computers, ontology’s, and a cyber infrastructure. In modern context, an applied ontology may best represent the body of intentional learning, research and collaboration among scientists to achieve a human goal. Perhaps if such intentional non-partisan work can achieve a solution such as Trans-Atlantic Cable, climate change may benefit from intentional collaborative ontology’s and systems of multi user knowledgebase or expert informatics systems. 1Bruce C. Heezen 1924 -1977 American Geologist famous for mapping the Mid Atlantic Mountain Ridge in the 1950’s. Heezen died in 1977 on a submarine cruise to study the Mid-Atlantic ridge near Ice land aboard the NR-1 submarine. 7Marie Tharp academic background is Bachelors Degree in English, Master Degree in Geology University of Michigan, and Mathematics Degree at the University of Tulsa. Tharp worked at Lamont- Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University. History of the Digital Divide during the 1600’s touches on the availability of information. 3Issue of Mathematics during the 1600’s would be lack of communications and assessment. The scientific communities cannot address climate change most largely due to language barriers amongst humans. Weight per meter for the cable and the ships weight capacity in the 1600’sWeight/per meter 2w/m=X1 taking into account that maximum depths or Atlantic Ocean was unknown at that time and still is.

  6. Statement of Facts for 1980 City-Wide Mock Trial Competitions. Albert Banks and Virginia Smallwood, for Herself and on Behalf of Her Minor Son, Dwayne Jones, Plaintiffs v. Potomac Properties, Inc., Thomas R. Baldwin, and Victoria Reese, Defendants. No. MT-80.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Inst. for Citizen Education in the Law, Washington, DC.

    Prepared by the District of Columbia Street Law Project for its ninth annual city-wide mock trial competition, this instructional handout provides the material for a civil trial over housing discrimination. The plaintiffs are an unmarried couple with a disabled child whose application to live at Waterfront Gardens, a property owned by Potomac…

  7. Central of Georgia Railway, Savannah Repair Shops & Terminal Facilities, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Central of Georgia Railway, Savannah Repair Shops & Terminal Facilities, Combination Smokestack, Water Tank & Privies, Bounded by West Broad, Jones, West Boundary & Hull Streets, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

  8. 78 FR 26391 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-06

    ...., Magnolia, 13000316 Washington County Fletcher, Adrian, House (Arkansas Designs of E. Fay Jones MPS), 6725...., Benton, 13000332 SOUTH CAROLINA Newberry County Oak Grove, 921 Jessica Ave., Newberry,...

  9. Possible Road Map Seen in Dover Case: Judge's Rejection of Intelligent Design Could Guide Policymakers, Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the author points out the decision of U.S. District Judge John E. Jones III, issued Dec. 20, regarding the constitutionality of Dover, Pa., district's policy that promotes "intelligent design" in public school sciences. In the ruling, Judge Jones not only found the district's policy promoting intelligent design unconstitutional,…

  10. 78 FR 15036 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Navajo Partitioned Lands Grazing Permits

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-08

    ... Federal court decisions of Healing v. Jones, 174 F. Supp.211 (D Ariz. 1959) (Healing I), Healing v. Jones, 210 F. Supp. 126 (D. Ariz. 1962), aff'd 363 U.S. 758 (1963) (Healing II), Hopi Tribe v. Watt, 530...

  11. 78 FR 38686 - Notice of Request for Extension of a Currently Approved Information Collection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-27

    ... CONTACT: For inquiries on the Information Collection Package, contact Derek Jones, Community Programs...-0787, Telephone (202) 720-1504, Email derek.jones@wdc.usda.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: 7... debt settled by this currently approved docket (0575-0124). The Community Facilities loan and...

  12. 78 FR 74103 - Notice of Request for Extension of a Currently Approved Information Collection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-10

    ... Community Facilities Grant Program. DATES: Comments on this notice must be received by February 10, 2014 to be assured of consideration. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Derek L. Jones, Loan Specialist.... Telephone: (202) 720-1504. Email: derek.jones@wdc.usda.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title:...

  13. 75 FR 35438 - Notice of Request for Extension of a Currently Approved Information Collection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-22

    ... Community Facilities Grant Program. DATES: Comments on this notice must be received by August 23, 2010 to be assured of consideration. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Derek L. Jones, Loan Specialist, Community...: (202) 720-1504. E-mail: derek.jones@wdc.usda.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title:...

  14. 31 CFR 240.17 - Powers of attorney.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... limitations concerning the mailing of Internal Revenue refund checks contained in 26 CFR 601.506(c); and (3...: “John Jones by Paul Smith, attorney-in-fact for John Jones.” Such checks when presented for payment by...

  15. 31 CFR 240.17 - Powers of attorney.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... limitations concerning the mailing of Internal Revenue refund checks contained in 26 CFR 601.506(c); and (3...: “John Jones by Paul Smith, attorney-in-fact for John Jones.” Such checks when presented for payment by...

  16. 31 CFR 240.17 - Powers of attorney.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... limitations concerning the mailing of Internal Revenue refund checks contained in 26 CFR 601.506(c); and (3...: “John Jones by Paul Smith, attorney-in-fact for John Jones.” Such checks when presented for payment by...

  17. 31 CFR 315.40 - Special provisions for payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... No. 888, current revision (31 CFR part 330). (b) Signature by mark. A signature by mark (X) must be... names and the manner in which the change was made; for example, “Mary T. Jones Smith (Mary T. J. Smith or Mary T. Smith) changed by marriage from Mary T. Jones,” or “John R. Young, changed by order...

  18. Food Crystalization and Eggs

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Food Crystalization and Eggs Deana R. Jones, Ph.D. USDA Agricultural Research Service Egg Safety and Quality Research Unit Athens, Georgia, USA Deana.Jones@ars.usda.gov Sugar, salt, lactose, tartaric acid and ice are examples of constituents than can crystallize in foods. Crystallization in a foo...

  19. Eventos de Marzo (March Events).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toro, Leonor

    Designed for teachers, this booklet, written in Spanish, contains information on seven March events: La Ley Jones; Pachin Marin; San Patricio; Primavera; Luis Pales Matos; La Masacre de Ponce; and La Esclavitud. The first section provides an overview of the Ley Jones, which introduced the bill of rights and made American citizenship obligatory for…

  20. Data Day: Highlighting the Geographic Skills in a Schoolwide Event

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Lydia

    2010-01-01

    Data Day, an event that is the culmination of a multiple-week unit, is the perfect opportunity to work across disciplines and, in particular, aligns beautifully with skills and objectives geography teachers work on with their students. Bruce Jones at The Blake School in Hopkins, Minnesota, was the originator of Data Day. Jones described the…