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Sample records for ligands synthesis structure

  1. Ligand-protected gold clusters: the structure, synthesis and applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pichugina, D. A.; Kuz'menko, N. E.; Shestakov, A. F.

    2015-11-01

    Modern concepts of the structure and properties of atomic gold clusters protected by thiolate, selenolate, phosphine and phenylacetylene ligands are analyzed. Within the framework of the superatom theory, the 'divide and protect' approach and the structure rule, the stability and composition of a cluster are determined by the structure of the cluster core, the type of ligands and the total number of valence electrons. Methods of selective synthesis of gold clusters in solution and on the surface of inorganic composites based, in particular, on the reaction of Aun with RS, RSe, PhC≡C, Hal ligands or functional groups of proteins, on stabilization of clusters in cavities of the α-, β and γ-cyclodextrin molecules (Au15 and Au25) and on anchorage to a support surface (Au25/SiO2, Au20/C, Au10/FeOx) are reviewed. Problems in this field are also discussed. Among the methods for cluster structure prediction, particular attention is given to the theoretical approaches based on the density functional theory (DFT). The structures of a number of synthesized clusters are described using the results obtained by X-ray diffraction analysis and DFT calculations. A possible mechanism of formation of the SR(AuSR)n 'staple' units in the cluster shell is proposed. The structure and properties of bimetallic clusters MxAunLm (M=Pd, Pt, Ag, Cu) are discussed. The Pd or Pt atom is located at the centre of the cluster, whereas Ag and Cu atoms form bimetallic compounds in which the heteroatom is located on the surface of the cluster core or in the 'staple' units. The optical properties, fluorescence and luminescence of ligand-protected gold clusters originate from the quantum effects of the Au atoms in the cluster core and in the oligomeric SR(AuSR)x units in the cluster shell. Homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions catalyzed by atomic gold clusters are discussed in the context of the reaction mechanism and the nature of the active sites. The bibliography includes 345 references.

  2. Synthesis, crystal structures and spectroscopic properties of cobalt(II) complexes with chelating sulfonylamidophosphate ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Znovjyak, Kateryna O.; Seredyuk, Maksym; Kusz, Joachim; Nowak, Maria; Moroz, Olesia V.; Sliva, Tetiana Yu; Amirkhanov, Vladimir M.

    2015-11-01

    Two new cobalt(II) complexes with general formula Co(L1)2Phen (1) and Co(L2)2Phen (2), in which HL1 = dimethyl phenylsulfonylphosphoramidate and HL2 = dimethyl tosylphosphoramidate, were prepared in one-step synthesis and characterized by IR, UV-VIS spectroscopy, TGA-DTA and elemental analysis. Moreover, the single crystal structures of 1 and 2 were determined by single crystal X-ray diffractometry. Complexes consist of mononuclear units comprising two L1-(or L2-) and phenanthroline ligands bidentatly linked to metal ion. The UV-VIS spectra of complexes in the solid state show broad asymmetric band at 530 nm attributed to the d-d transition of the metal ion. Comparing of these spectra with the absorption spectra in acetone, octahedral environment of the cobalt(II) ion in solution were considered. The structural similarity of 1 and 2 leads to a similar thermal decomposition profile.

  3. Synthesis, structure, photophysical and catalytic properties of CuI-Iodide complexes of di-imine ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mondal, Jahangir; Ghorai, Anupam; Singh, Sunil K.; Saha, Rajat; Patra, Goutam K.

    2016-03-01

    Two new multifunctional CuII based complexes [CuI(L1)] (1) and [Cu2(μ-I)2(L2)] (2) with bidentate N-N donor ligands L1 and imino-pyridyl ligand L2 have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-Vis, NMR and single crystal X-ray crystallography. The bidentate di-imine ligand (L1) forms monomeric CuI complex (1) whereas the bis-bidentate di-imine ligand (L2) favours the formation of dimeric CuI complex (2) in association with two bridging iodides. Structural analysis reveals that in complex 1 each monomeric units are connected by π⋯π and C-H⋯π interactions to form 3D supramolecular structure whereas in complex 2 each molecules are connected by only π⋯π interactions to form 3D supramolecular structure. The photoluminescence properties of the complexes have been studied at room temperature. Theoretical analysis shows that HOMO is focused on the Cu and iodides while LUMO is focused on di-imine ligands and the luminescence behaviour arises due to metal to ligand charge transfer (MLCT) and halide to ligand charge transfer (XLCT). The complexes 1 and 2 are effective catalysts for the synthesis of 2-substituted benzoxazoles.

  4. New divalent manganese complex with pyridine carboxylate N-oxide ligand: Synthesis, structure and magnetic properties

    SciTech Connect

    Liu Fuchen; Xue Min; Wang Haichao; Ouyang Jie

    2010-09-15

    Two new manganese complexes, [Mn{sub 3}(L{sup 1}){sub 4}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}]{sub n} (1, HL{sup 1}=nicotinate N-oxide acid) and [MnL{sup 2}Cl]{sub n} (2, HL{sup 2}=isonicotinate N-oxide acid)], have been hydrothermally synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. In 1, the L{sup 1} ligands take two different coordinated modes bridging four and three Mn{sup II} ions. The nitrate anions take chelating coordination modes, leading one type of the Mn{sup II} ions as a 4-connected node. The whole net can be viewed as a 3, 4, 6-connected 4-nodal net with Schlaefli notation {l_brace}4{sup 3{r_brace}}2{l_brace}4{sup 4}; 6{sup 2{r_brace}}4{l_brace}4{sup 6}; 6{sup 6}; 8{sup 3{r_brace}}. Complex 2 has a honeycomb layer mixed bridged by chlorine, N-oxide and carboxylate. The adjacent layers are linked by the phenyl ring of L{sup 2} ligand, giving a 3D framework with a {l_brace}3{sup 4}; 5{sup 4{r_brace}} {l_brace}3{sup 2};4;5{sup 6};6{sup 6{r_brace}} 4, 6-connect net. Magnetic studies indicate that 1 is an antiferromagnet with low-dimensional characteristic, in which a -J{sub 1}J{sub 1}J{sub 2}- coupled alternating chain is predigested. Fitting the data of 1 gives the best parameters J{sub 1}=-2.77, J{sub 2}=-0.67 cm{sup -1}. The magnetic properties of complex 2 represent the character of the 2D honeycomb layer with the J{sub 1}=-2.05 and J{sub 2}=0.55 cm{sup -1}, which results in a whole antiferromagnetic state. - Graphical abstract: The synthesis, crystal structure and magnetic properties of two new MnII complexes with pyridyl-carboxylate N-oxide ligands are reported.

  5. Design of HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors with C3-Substituted Hexahydrocyclopentafuranyl Urethanes as P2-Ligands: Synthesis, Biological Evaluation, and Protein-Ligand X-ray Crystal Structure

    SciTech Connect

    Ghosh, Arun K; Chapsal, Bruno D; Parham, Garth L; Steffey, Melinda; Agniswamy, Johnson; Wang, Yuan-Fang; Amano, Masayuki; Weber, Irene T; Mitsuya, Hiroaki

    2011-11-07

    We report the design, synthesis, biological evaluation, and the X-ray crystal structure of a novel inhibitor bound to the HIV-1 protease. Various C3-functionalized cyclopentanyltetrahydrofurans (Cp-THF) were designed to interact with the flap Gly48 carbonyl or amide NH in the S2-subsite of the HIV-1 protease. We investigated the potential of those functionalized ligands in combination with hydroxyethylsulfonamide isosteres. Inhibitor 26 containing a 3-(R)-hydroxyl group on the Cp-THF core displayed the most potent enzyme inhibitory and antiviral activity. Our studies revealed a preference for the 3-(R)-configuration over the corresponding 3-(S)-derivative. Inhibitor 26 exhibited potent activity against a panel of multidrug-resistant HIV-1 variants. A high resolution X-ray structure of 26-bound HIV-1 protease revealed important molecular insight into the ligand-binding site interactions.

  6. Synthesis and structures of four homochiral metal camphorates with auxiliary bipyridine ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, E.; Lian, Ting-Ting; Lin, Shen; Chen, Shu-Mei

    2011-12-01

    Four homochiral metal camphorates with auxiliary bipyridine ligands are hydrothermally synthesized and structurally characterized. The structure of compound [Cd( D-Hcam) 2(bpa)(H 2O)] n ( 1; D-H 2cam = D-(+)-camphoric acid, bpa = 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)-ethane) presents a rare case where the D-Hcam is not a bridging ligand, but a dangling unit attached to the infinite [Cd(bpa)] chain. Compounds [M 2( D-cam) 2(4,4'-bipy)(H 2O) 4] n (M = Co, 2; M = Cd, 3; 4,4'-bipy = 4,4'-bipyridine) are isostructural and have homochiral [M( D-cam)] n chains linked by the 4,4'-bipy ligands into a honeycomb-like 6 3 layer. Compound [Zn 2( D-cam) 2(PPE) 2] n ( 4, PPE = 1-(4-pyridyl)-2-(2-pyridyl)-ethylene) consists of the grid-like 4 4 layers with the dinuclear Zn 2(COO) 4 units and D-cam ligands, where the PPE ligands are only monodentately coordinated to the dinuclear units and act as the separators between two homochiral layers. The results demonstrate the rich coordination chemistry of the enantiopure D-camphorate ligand and the structural diversity of metal-camphorate compounds.

  7. Synthesis and structural characterization of two half-sandwich nickel(II) complexes with the scorpionate ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, G.-F. E-mail: s-shuwen@163.com; Zhang, X.; Sun, S.-W.; Sun, H.; Ma, H.-X.

    2015-12-15

    The synthesis and characterization of two new halfsandwich mononuclear nickel(II) complexes with the scorpionate ligands, [k{sup 3}-N, N',N''-Tp{sup t-Bu}, {sup Me}NiI] (1) and [k{sup 3}-N,N',N''-Tp{sup t-Bu}, {sup Me}NiNO{sub 3}] (2), are reported. These complexes have been fully characterized by elemental analyses and infrared spectra. Their molecular structures were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The nickel(II) ion of complex 1 is in a four-coordinate environment, in which the donor atoms are provided by three nitrogen atoms of a hydrotris(pyrazolyl) borate ligand and one iodide atom, while that of complex 2 is in a five-coordinate environment with three nitrogen atoms from a hydrotris(pyrazolyl)borate ligand and two oxygen atoms from a nitrate ion.

  8. Synthesis and structural characterization of two half-sandwich nickel(II) complexes with the scorpionate ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, G.-F.; Zhang, X.; Sun, S.-W.; Sun, H.; Ma, H.-X.

    2015-12-01

    The synthesis and characterization of two new halfsandwich mononuclear nickel(II) complexes with the scorpionate ligands, [ k 3- N, N', N''- Tp t-Bu, Me NiI] ( 1) and [ k 3- N, N', N''- Tp t-Bu, Me NiNO3] ( 2), are reported. These complexes have been fully characterized by elemental analyses and infrared spectra. Their molecular structures were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The nickel(II) ion of complex 1 is in a four-coordinate environment, in which the donor atoms are provided by three nitrogen atoms of a hydrotris(pyrazolyl) borate ligand and one iodide atom, while that of complex 2 is in a five-coordinate environment with three nitrogen atoms from a hydrotris(pyrazolyl)borate ligand and two oxygen atoms from a nitrate ion.

  9. Multistep continuous-flow synthesis in medicinal chemistry: discovery and preliminary structure-activity relationships of CCR8 ligands.

    PubMed

    Petersen, Trine P; Mirsharghi, Sahar; Rummel, Pia C; Thiele, Stefanie; Rosenkilde, Mette M; Ritzén, Andreas; Ulven, Trond

    2013-07-01

    A three-step continuous-flow synthesis system and its application to the assembly of a new series of chemokine receptor ligands directly from commercial building blocks is reported. No scavenger columns or solvent switches are necessary to recover the desired test compounds, which were obtained in overall yields of 49-94%. The system is modular and flexible, and the individual steps of the sequence can be interchanged with similar outcome, extending the scope of the chemistry. Biological evaluation confirmed activity on the chemokine CCR8 receptor and provided initial structure-activity-relationship (SAR) information for this new ligand series, with the most potent member displaying full agonist activity with single-digit nanomolar potency. To the best of our knowledge, this represents the first published example of efficient use of multistep flow synthesis combined with biological testing and SAR studies in medicinal chemistry.

  10. Synthesis, Structures, and Reactions of Manganese Complexes Containing Diphosphine Ligands With Pendant Amines

    SciTech Connect

    Welch, Kevin D.; Dougherty, William G.; Kassel, W. S.; DuBois, Daniel L.; Bullock, R. Morris

    2010-10-01

    Addition of the pendant amine ligand PNRP (PNRP = Et2PCH2NRCH2PEt2; R = Me, Ph, n-Bu) to Mn(CO)5Br gives fac-Mn(PNRP)(CO)3Br. Photolysis of fac-Mn(PNRP)(CO)3Br with dppm [dppm = 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)methane] provides mixed bis(diphosphine) complexes, trans-Mn(PNRP)(dppm)(CO)(Br). Reaction of trans-Mn(PNRP)(dppm)(CO)(Br) with LiAlH4 leads to trans-Mn(PNRP)(dppm)(CO)(H). The crystal structure of trans-Mn(PNMeP)(dppm)(CO)(H) determined by x-ray diffraction shows an unusual distortion of the Mn-H towards one C-H of the dppm ligand, resulting in an H Mn CO angle of 155(1)° and C H • • • H Mn distance of 2.10(3) Å. Mn(P2PhN2Bn)(dppm)(CO)(H) [P2PhN2Bn = 1, 5-diphenyl-3,7-dibenzyl-1,5-diaza-3,7-diphosphacyclooctane] can be prepared in a similar manner; its structure has one chelate ring in a chair conformation and the second in a boat conformation. The boat-conformer ring directs the nitrogen of the ring towards the carbonyl ligand, and the N • • • C distance between one N of the P2PhN2Bn ligand and CO is 3.171(4) Å, indicating a weak interaction between the N of the pendant amine and the CO ligand. Reaction of NaBArF4 (ArF = = 3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl) with Mn(P P)(dppm)(CO)(Br) produces the cations [Mn(P P)(dppm)(CO)]+. The crystal structure of [Mn(PNMeP)(dppm)(CO)][BArF4] shows two very weak agostic interactions between C-H bonds on the phenyl ring and the Mn. The cationic complexes [Mn(P P)(dppm)(CO)]+ react with H2 to form dihydrogen complexes [Mn(H2)(P P)(dppm)(CO)]+ (Keq = 1 - 90 atm-1 in fluorobenzene, for a series of different P P ligands). Similar equilibria with N2 produce [Mn(N2)(P P)(dppm)(CO)]+ (Keq generally 1-3.5 atm-1 in fluorobenzene). This work was supported by the US Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences' Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

  11. Designing ancillary ligands for heteroleptic/homoleptic zinc complex formation: synthesis, structures and application in ROP of lactides.

    PubMed

    Jędrzkiewicz, D; Ejfler, J; Gulia, N; John, Ł; Szafert, S

    2015-08-14

    Synthesis and characterization of a series of new amino-phenol/naphthol ligands (L(1,2)-H) have been developed and their respective zinc complexes ( 1 and 2-Zn ) have been synthesized. The molecular structures of L(1)-H and 1, 2-Zn were explored in detail by NMR, single-crystal X-ray studies and DFT calculations, which confirmed the existence of complexes as stabile dimers both in a solution and in the solid state. All complexes mediate the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of lactide highly efficiently, at room temperature, in a controlled fashion. The influence of the architecture of the ligand on the desired homo/heteroleptic complex formation, as well as the relationship between the initiator design and the catalytic activity have been investigated. PMID:26150026

  12. Designing ancillary ligands for heteroleptic/homoleptic zinc complex formation: synthesis, structures and application in ROP of lactides.

    PubMed

    Jędrzkiewicz, D; Ejfler, J; Gulia, N; John, Ł; Szafert, S

    2015-08-14

    Synthesis and characterization of a series of new amino-phenol/naphthol ligands (L(1,2)-H) have been developed and their respective zinc complexes ( 1 and 2-Zn ) have been synthesized. The molecular structures of L(1)-H and 1, 2-Zn were explored in detail by NMR, single-crystal X-ray studies and DFT calculations, which confirmed the existence of complexes as stabile dimers both in a solution and in the solid state. All complexes mediate the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of lactide highly efficiently, at room temperature, in a controlled fashion. The influence of the architecture of the ligand on the desired homo/heteroleptic complex formation, as well as the relationship between the initiator design and the catalytic activity have been investigated.

  13. Synthesis, structure and luminescence properties of lanthanide complex with a new tetrapodal ligand featuring salicylamide arms

    SciTech Connect

    Song Xueqin; Wen Xiaoguang; Liu Weisheng; Wang Daqi

    2010-01-15

    A new tetrapodal ligand 1,1,1-tetrakis{l_brace}[(2'-(2-furfurylaminoformyl))phenoxyl]methyl{r_brace}methane (L) has been prepared and their coordination chemistry with Ln{sup III} ions has been investigated. The structure of {l_brace}[Ln{sub 4}L{sub 3}(NO{sub 3}){sub 12}].H{sub 2}O{r_brace}{sub i}nfinity (Ln=Nd, Eu)] shows the binodal 4,3-connected three-dimensional interpenetration coordination polymers with topology of a (8{sup 6}){sub 3}(8{sup 3}){sub 4} notation. [DyL(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}].0.5CH{sub 3}OH and [ErL(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O) (CH{sub 3}OH)].CH{sub 3}COCH{sub 3} is a 1:1 mononuclear complex with interesting supramolecular features. The structure of [NdL(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}].3ClO{sub 4}.3H{sub 2}O is a 2:1 mononuclear complex which further self-assembled through hydrogen bond to form a three-dimensional supramolecular structures. The result presented here indicates that both subtle variation of the terminal group and counter anions can be applied in the modulation of the overall molecular structures of lanthanide complex of salicylamide derivatives due to the structure specialties of this type of ligand. The luminescence properties of the Eu{sup III} complex are also studied in detail. - Grapical Abstract: We present here a series of zero- to three-dimensional lanthanide coordination structures and luminescence properties of Eu(III) complex of a new tetrapodal ligand.

  14. Synthesis and electronic structure determination of uranium(vi) ligand radical complexes.

    PubMed

    Herasymchuk, Khrystyna; Chiang, Linus; Hayes, Cassandra E; Brown, Matthew L; Ovens, Jeffrey S; Patrick, Brian O; Leznoff, Daniel B; Storr, Tim

    2016-08-01

    Pentagonal bipyramidal uranyl (UO2(2+)) complexes of salen ligands, N,N'-bis(3-tert-butyl-(5R)-salicylidene)-1,2-phenylenediamine, in which R = (t)Bu (1a), OMe (1b), and NMe2 (1c), were prepared and the electronic structure of the one-electron oxidized species [1a-c]+ were investigated in solution. The solid-state structures of 1a and 1b were solved by X-ray crystallography, and in the case of 1b an asymmetric UO2(2+) unit was found due to an intermolecular hydrogen bonding interaction. Electrochemical investigation of 1a-c by cyclic voltammetry showed that each complex exhibited at least one quasi-reversible redox process assigned to the oxidation of the phenolate moieties to phenoxyl radicals. The trend in redox potentials matches the electron-donating ability of the para-phenolate substituents. The electron paramagnetic resonance spectra of cations [1a-c]+ exhibited gav values of 1.997, 1.999, and 1.995, respectively, reflecting the ligand radical character of the oxidized forms, and in addition, spin-orbit coupling to the uranium centre. Chemical oxidation as monitored by ultraviolet-visible-near-infrared (UV-vis-NIR) spectroscopy afforded the one-electron oxidized species. Weak low energy intra-ligand charge transfer (CT) transitions were observed for [1a-c]+ indicating localization of the ligand radical to form a phenolate/phenoxyl radical species. Further analysis using density functional theory (DFT) calculations predicted a localized phenoxyl radical for [1a-c]+ with a small but significant contribution of the phenylenediamine unit to the spin density. Time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) calculations provided further insight into the nature of the low energy transitions, predicting both phenolate to phenoxyl intervalence charge transfer (IVCT) and phenylenediamine to phenoxyl CT character. Overall, [1a-c]+ are determined to be relatively localized ligand radical complexes, in which localization is enhanced as the electron donating ability of the para

  15. Uranyl Sequestration: Synthesis and Structural Characterization of Uranyl Complexes with a Tetradentate Methylterephthalamide Ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Ni, Chengbao; Shuh, David; Raymond, Kenneth

    2011-03-07

    Uranyl complexes of a bis(methylterephthalamide) ligand (LH{sub 4}) have been synthesized and characterized by X-ray crystallography. The structure is an unexpected [Me{sub 4}N]{sub 8}[L(UO{sub 2})]{sub 4} tetramer, formed via coordination of the two MeTAM units of L to two uranyl moieties. Addition of KOH to the tetramer gave the corresponding monomeric uranyl methoxide species [Me{sub 4}N]K{sub 2}[LUO{sub 2}(OMe)].

  16. Nonhydrolytic Synthesis and Electronic Structure of Ligand-Capped CeO2-.delta. and CeOCl Nanocrystals

    SciTech Connect

    Depner, S.; Kort, K; Jaye, C; Fischer, D; Banerjee, S

    2009-01-01

    A novel and versatile nonhydrolytic approach is developed for the synthesis of ligand-passivated CeO2-5 and CeOCl nanocrystals soluble in nonpolar organic solvents based on the condensation of cerium alkoxides with cerium halides. The alkyl group on the metal alkoxides and the specific halide used in the synthesis are observed to considerably influence the composition and size of the obtained nanocrystals. The obtained nanocrystals are <3 nm in diameter and, owing to their surface-capping groups, yield homogeneous and clear solutions in nonpolar organic solvents with no evidence of agglomeration. The electronic structure of the obtained CeO2-5 nanocrystals has been studied using optical absorption spectroscopy and near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy at Ce M- and O K-edges. The latter technique provides detailed insight into the metal valence, geometric structure, and atom-projected density of states in these nanocrystals. Finally, this synthesis method has been expanded to explore the doping of La to form solid-solution CexLa1-xO2-5 nanocrystals.

  17. Hydrothermal synthesis and structural characterization of metal-organic frameworks based on new tetradentate ligands.

    PubMed

    Liang, Yue; Yuan, Wei-Guan; Zhang, Shu-Fang; He, Zhan; Xue, Junru; Zhang, Xia; Jing, Lin-Hai; Qin, Da-Bin

    2016-01-28

    The hydrothermal reaction of two new tetradentate ligands with different metal salts of cadmium nitrate, zinc chloride, cobalt nitrate and deprotonated terephthalic acid (H2tp), isophthalic acid (H2ip), 4,4'-oxybisbenzoic acid (H2obba) in H2O/DMF or H2O/methanol gave three metal-organic frameworks (MOFs): {[Zn2(L1)(tp)(formate)2]·H2O}n (), {[Cd2(L2)(ip)2]·2H2O}n (), {[Co2(L2)(obba)2]}n () (L1 = 1,2-bis {2,6-bis [(1H-imidazol-1-yl) methyl]-4-methylphenoxy} ethane, L2 = 1,3-bis {2,6-bis [(1H-imidazol-1-yl) methyl]-4-methylphenoxy} propane). The structures of the frameworks are established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compound is a three-dimensional (3D) framework with a 2-fold interpenetrated form, which exhibits a 2-nodal (3,4)-connected fsh-3,4-P21/c net with a {8(3)}2{8(5)·10} topology. Compound has a 2-nodal (4,8)-connected 3D framework where the dinuclear cadmium cluster secondary building units (SBUs) assemble with isophthalate and ligand L2 to construct a rare topological type sqc22 net with a {3(2)·5(4)}{3(4)·4(4)·5(10)·6(10)} topology. Whereas, Compound can be extended to a 2D interlocked (4,4)-connected 4,4 L28 net with the point symbol {4·6(4)·8}2{4(2)·6(4)}. L1 and L2 are tetradentate ligands with diverse linkers and display different coordination modes. In addition, the thermal stability and photochemical properties of the frameworks are also investigated.

  18. Synthesis, structural and electrochemical properties of nickel(II) sulfamethazine complex with diethylenetriamine ligand.

    PubMed

    Bulut, İclal; Öztürk, Filiz; Bulut, Ahmet

    2015-03-01

    In this study, [Ni(dien)2]⋅smz2⋅(Hsmz: sulfamethazine and dien: diethylenetriamine) complex has been synthesized and its crystal structure has been determined by X-ray diffraction technique. The title complex crystallizes in orthorhombic system with space group Pbnb [a=8.556(5), b=16.228(5), c=28.209(5)Å, V=3917(3)Å(3) and Z=4]. The nickel(II) ion has distorted octahedral coordination geometry. The metal atom, which rides on a crystallographic center of symmetry, is coordinated by six nitrogen atoms of two dien ligands to form a discrete [Ni(dien)2](2+) unit, which captures two sulfamethazine ions, each through intermolecular hydrogen bonds. The powder EPR spectrum of Cu(2+) doped Ni(II) complex was recorded at room temperature. The vibrational investigation has been carried out by considering the characteristic bands related to the functional groups of the complex. The electrochemical behavior of Ni(II) ions in the presence and in the absence of smz and dien were studied by square wave and cyclic voltammetry. A well-defined irreversible peak at -1.112V different from those of the Ni(II)-smz (-0.876V) and the Ni(II)-dien complex (-1.064V) was observed in the solution containing Ni(II) ions, which was attributed to the formation of the new mixed ligand complex of Ni(II) with smz and dien.

  19. Synthesis, NMR spectral and structural studies on mixed ligand complexes of Pd(II) dithiocarbamates: First structural report on palladium(II) dithiocarbamate with SCN-ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prakasam, Balasubramaniam Arul; Lahtinen, Manu; Peuronen, Anssi; Muruganandham, Manickavachagam; Kolehmainen, Erkki; Haapaniemi, Esa; Sillanpää, Mika

    2016-03-01

    Three new mixed ligand complexes of palladium(II) dithiocarbamates; [Pd(4-dpmpzdtc)(PPh3)(SCN)] (1), [Pd(4-dpmpzdtc)(PPh3)Cl] (2) and [Pd(bzbudtc)(PPh3)Cl] (3), (where, 4-dpmpzdtc = 4-(diphenylmethyl)piperazinecarbodithioato anion, bzbudtc = N-benzyl-N-butyldithiocarbamato anion and PPh3 = triphenylphosphine) have been synthesized from their respective parent dithiocarbamates by ligand exchange reactions and characterized by IR and NMR (1H, 13C and 31P) spectroscopy. IR and NMR spectral data support the isobidentate coordination of the dithiocarbamate ligands in all complexes (1-3) in solid and in solution, respectively. Single crystal diffraction analysis of complexes 1-3 evidences that all three complexes are exhibiting distorted square planar geometry. The Pd-S distances in 1-3 vary in accordance with the differences in trans influences of PPh3, SCN- and Cl- and it is in the order of PPh3 > SCN- > and Cl-. Interchange of the anionic auxiliary ligand (SCN- to Cl-) induces asymmetry to the dithiocarbamate-metal bonds. Thioureide C-N bond distances are short in 1-3, supporting a contribution of thioureide form to the structures. The observed distortions in the square planar geometry for 1-3, are in the order of 1 > 2 > 3.

  20. Synthesis, X-ray crystal structures and catecholase activity investigation of new chalcone ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thabti, Salima; Djedouani, Amel; Rahmouni, Samra; Touzani, Rachid; Bendaas, Abderrahmen; Mousser, Hénia; Mousser, Abdelhamid

    2015-12-01

    The reaction of dehydroacetic acid DHA carboxaldehyde and RCHO derivatives (R = quinoleine-8-; indole-3-; pyrrol-2- and 4-(dimethylamino)phenyl - afforded four new chalcone ligands (4-hydroxy-6-methyl-3-[(2E)-3-quinolin-8-ylprop-2-enoyl]-2H-pyran-2-one) L1, (4-hydroxy-3-[(2E)-3-(1H-indol-3-yl)prop-2-enoyl]-6-methyl-2H-pyran-2-one) L2, (4-hydroxy-6-methyl-3-[(2E)-3-(1H-pyrrol-2-yl)prop-2-enoyl]-2H-pyran-2-one) L3, and (3-{(2E)-3-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]prop-2-enoyl}-4-hydroxy-6-methyl-2H-pyran-2-one) L4. L3 and L4 were characterized by X-ray crystallography. Molecules crystallize with four and two molecules in the asymmetric unit, respectively and adopt an E conformation about the Cdbnd C bond. Both structures are stabilized by an extended network O-H … O. Furthermore, N-H … O and C-H … O hydrogen bonds are observed in L3 and L4 structures, respectively. The in situ generated copper (II) complexes of the four compounds L1, L2, L3 and L4 were examined for their catalytic activities and were found to catalyze the oxidation reaction of catechol to o-quinone under atmospheric dioxygen. The rates of this oxidation depend on three parameters: ligand, ion salts and solvent nature and the combination L2[Cu (CH3COO)2] leads to the faster catalytic process.

  1. Metal-organic coordination architectures of azole heterocycle ligands bearing acetic acid groups: Synthesis, structure and magnetic properties

    SciTech Connect

    Hu Bowen; Zhao Jiongpeng; Yang Qian; Hu Tongliang; Du Wenping; Bu Xianhe

    2009-10-15

    Four new coordination complexes with azole heterocycle ligands bearing acetic acid groups, [Co(L{sup 1}){sub 2}]{sub n} (1), [CuL{sup 1}N{sub 3}]{sub n} (2), [Cu(L{sup 2}){sub 2}.0.5C{sub 2}H{sub 5}OH.H{sub 2}O]{sub n} (3) and [Co(L{sup 2}){sub 2}]{sub n} (4) (here, HL{sup 1}=1H-imidazole-1-yl-acetic acid, HL{sup 2}=1H-benzimidazole-1-yl-acetic acid) have been synthesized and structurally characterized. Single-crystal structure analysis shows that 3 and 4 are 2D complexes with 4{sup 4}-sql topologies, while another 2D complex 1 has a (4{sup 3}){sub 2}(4{sup 6})-kgd topology. And 2 is a 3D complex composed dinuclear mu{sub 1,1}-bridging azido Cu{sup II} entities with distorted rutile topology. The magnetic properties of 1 and 2 have been studied. - Graphical Abstract: The synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties of the new coordination complexes with azole heterocycle ligands bearing acetic acid groups are reported.

  2. Molybdenum(0) Dinitrogen Complexes Supported by Pentadentate Tetrapodal Phosphine Ligands: Structure, Synthesis, and Reactivity toward Acids.

    PubMed

    Hinrichsen, Svea; Kindjajev, Andrei; Adomeit, Sven; Krahmer, Jan; Näther, Christian; Tuczek, Felix

    2016-09-01

    The syntheses of two pentadentate tetrapodal phosphine (pentaPod(P)) ligands, P2(Ph)PP2(Ph) and P2(Me)PP2(Ph), are reported, which derive from the fusion of a tripod and a trident ligand. Reaction of the ligand P2(Ph)PP2(Ph) with [MoCl3(THF)3] followed by an amalgam reduction under N2 does not lead to well-defined products. The same reactions performed with the ligand P2(Me)PP2(Ph) afford the mononuclear molybdenum dinitrogen complex [MoN2(P2(Me)PP2(Ph))]. Because of the unprecedented topology of the pentaphosphine ligand, the Mo-P bond to the phosphine in the trans position to N2 is significantly shortened, explaining the very strong activation of the dinitrogen ligand (ν̃NN = 1929 cm(-1)). The reactivity of this complex toward acids is investigated. PMID:27526268

  3. Palladium(II) and platinum(II) complexes with tridentate iminophosphine ligands; synthesis and structural studies.

    PubMed

    Ní Dhubhghaill, Orla M; Lennon, Joanne; Drew, Michael G B

    2005-10-01

    The previously synthesised Schiff-base ligands 2-(2-Ph(2)PC(6)H(4)N[double bond, length as m-dash]CH)-R'-C(6)H(3)OH (R'= 3-OCH(3), HL(1); 5-OCH(3), HL(2); 5-Br, HL(3); 5-Cl, HL(4)) were prepared by a faster, more efficient route involving a microwave assisted co-condensation of 2-(diphenylphosphino)aniline with the appropriate substituted salicylaldehyde. HL(1-4) react directly with M(II)Cl(2)(M = Pd, Pt) or Pt(II)I(2)(cod) affording neutral square-planar complexes of general formula [M(II)Cl(eta(3)-L(1-4))](M = Pd, Pt, 1-8) and [Pt(II)I(eta(3)-L(1-4))](M = Pd, Pt, 9-12). Reaction of complexes 1-4 with the triarylphosphines PR(3)(R = Ph, p-tolyl) gave the novel ionic complexes [Pd(II)(PR(3))(eta(3)-L(1-4))]ClO(4)(13-20). Substituted platinum complexes of the type [Pt(II)(PR(3))(eta(3)-L(1-4))]ClO(4)(R = P(CH(2)CH(2)CN)(3)21-24) and [Pt(II)(P(p-tolyl)(3))(eta(3)-L(3,4))]ClO(4)( 25 and 26 ) were synthesised from the appropriate [Pt(II)Cl(eta(3)-L(1-4))] complex (5-8) and PR(3). The complexes are characterised by microanalytical and spectroscopic techniques. The crystal structures of 3, 6, 10, 15, 20 and 26 were determined and revealed the metal to be in a square-planar four-coordinate environment containing a planar tridentate ligand with an O,N,P donor set together with one further atom which is trans to the central nitrogen atom. PMID:16172647

  4. Structure-based Design of Potent HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors with Modified P1 - Biphenyl Ligands: Synthesis, Biological Evaluation, and Enzyme-inhibitor X-ray Structural studies

    PubMed Central

    Ghosh, Arun K.; Yu, Xufen; Osswald, Heather L.; Agniswamy, Johnson; Wang, Yuan-Fang; Amano, Masayuki; Weber, Irene T.; Mitsuya, Hiroaki

    2016-01-01

    We report the design, synthesis, X-ray structural studies, and biological evaluation of a novel series of HIV-1 protease inhibitors. We designed a variety of functionalized biphenyl derivatives to make enhanced van der Waals interactions in the S1 subsite of HIV-1 protease. These biphenyl derivatives were conveniently synthesized using a Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction as the key step. We examined the potential of these functionalized biphenyl-derived P1 ligands in combination with 3-(S)-tetrahydrofuranyl urethane and bis-tetrahydrofuranyl urethane as the P2 ligands. Inhibitor 21e, with a 2-methoxy-1, 1’-biphenyl derivative as P1 ligand and bis-THF as the P2 ligand, displayed the most potent enzyme inhibitory and antiviral activity. This inhibitor also exhibited potent activity against a panel of multidrug-resistant HIV-1 variants. A high resolution X-ray crystal structure of related Boc-derivative 17a-bound HIV-1 protease provided important molecular insight into the ligand-binding site interactions of the biphenyl core in the S1 subsite of HIV-1 protease. PMID:26107245

  5. Synthesis, molecular and crystal structure of bis(triethanolamine)manganese(II) saccharinate: a seven-coordinate manganese complex with tri- and tetradentate triethanolamine ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Topcu, Yildiray; Andac, Omer; Yilmaz, Veysel T.; Harrison, William T. A.

    2002-06-01

    The synthesis, molecular and crystal structure of bis(triethanolamine)Mn(II) saccharinate, [Mn(tea) 2](sac) 2 are reported. The configuration of the tea ligands results in an unusual example of coordination number seven for the Mn(II) ion. The two triethanolamine (tea) ligands coordinate to the Mn(II) ion forming a monocapped trigonal prism geometry, in which one of the tea ligands behaves as a tridentate ligand, while the other one acts as a tetradentate donor. The free and coordinated hydroxyl hydrogens of the tea ligands are involved in hydrogen bonding with the amine nitrogen, carbonyl and sulfonyl oxygens of the neighbouring sac ions to form a three-dimensional infinite network. A weak π-π interaction between the phenyl rings of the sac ions also occurs.

  6. Synthesis, structural characterization, and ligand replacement reactions of gem-dithiolato-bridged rhodium and iridium complexes.

    PubMed

    Rivas, Angel B; Gascón, José M; Lahoz, Fernando J; Balana, Ana I; Pardey, Alvaro J; Oro, Luis A; Pérez-Torrente, Jesús J

    2008-07-01

    The reaction of gem-dithiol compounds R 2C(SH) 2 (R = Bn (benzyl), (i) Pr; R 2 = -(CH 2) 4-) with dinuclear rhodium or iridium complexes containing basic ligands such as [M(mu-OH)(cod)] 2 and [M(mu-OMe)(cod)] 2, or the mononuclear [M(acac)(cod)] (M = Rh, Ir, cod = 1,5-cyclooctadiene) in the presence of a external base, afforded the dinuclear complexes [M 2(mu-S 2CR 2)(cod) 2] ( 1- 4). The monodeprotonation of 1,1-dimercaptocyclopentane gave the mononuclear complex [Rh(HS 2Cptn)(cod)] ( 5) that is a precursor for the dinuclear compound [Rh 2(mu-S 2Cptn)(cod) 2] ( 6). Carbonylation of the diolefin compounds gave the complexes [Rh 2(mu-S 2CR 2)(CO) 4] ( 7- 9), which reacted with P-donor ligands to stereoselectively produce the trans isomer of the disubstituted complexes [Rh 2(mu-S 2CR 2)(CO) 2(PR' 3) 2] (R' = Ph, Cy (cyclohexyl)) ( 10- 13) and [Rh 2(mu-S 2CBn 2)(CO) 2{P(OR') 3} 2] (R' = Me, Ph) ( 14- 15). The substitution process in [Rh 2(mu-S 2CBn 2)(CO) 4] ( 7) by P(OMe) 3 has been studied by spectroscopic means and the full series of substituted complexes [Rh 2(mu-S 2CBn 2)(CO) 4- n {P(OR) 3} n ] ( n = 1, 4) has been identified in solution. The cis complex [Rh 2(mu-S 2CBn 2)(CO) 2(mu-dppb)] ( 16) was obtained by reaction of 7 with the diphosphine dppb (1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane). The molecular structures of the diolefinic dinuclear complexes [Rh 2(mu-S 2CR 2)(cod) 2] (R = Bn ( 1), (i) Pr ( 2); R 2 = -(CH 2) 4- ( 6)) and that of the cis complex 16 have been studied by X-ray diffraction. PMID:18507456

  7. Group 4 metal complexes with new chiral pincer NHC-ligands: synthesis, structure and catalytic activity.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Ning; Hou, Guohua; Deng, Xuebin; Zi, Guofu; Walter, Marc D

    2014-06-14

    Chiral group 4 NHC-metal complexes were prepared in good yields by amine elimination from M(NR2)4 (M = Ti, Zr, Hf; R = Me, Et) and chiral pincer NHC-ligands, L4(L4a and L4b), L5 and L6, which are derived from (S,S)-diphenyl-1,2-ethanediamine. Treatment of M(NR2)4 with 1 equiv. of L4 in THF gives, after recrystallization from a benzene solution, the chiral titanium amides (L4)Ti(NMe2)(Br)(THF) (7) and (L4)Ti(NMe2)(Cl)(THF) (11), zirconium amides (L4)Zr(NMe2)(Br)(THF) (8), (L4)Zr(NEt2)(Br)(THF) (10), (L4)Zr(NMe2)(Cl)(THF) (12) and (L4)Zr(NEt2)(Cl)(THF) (14), and hafnium amides (L4)Hf(NMe2)(Br)(THF) (9) and (L4)Hf(NMe2)(Cl)(THF) (13), respectively. Similarly, the reactions of L5 or L6 with 1 equiv. of M(NR2)4 yield the titanium amide (L6)Ti(NMe2)(Cl)(THF) (16), the zirconium amides (L5)Zr(NMe2)(Cl)(THF) (15), (L6)Zr(NMe2)(Cl)(THF) (17) and (L6)Zr(NEt2)(Cl)(THF) (19), and the hafnium amide (L6)Hf(NMe2)(Cl)(THF) (18), respectively. Complexes 7 - 19 were characterized by various spectroscopic techniques and elemental analyses. The molecular structures of 10 and 14 - 19 were also established by X-ray diffraction analyses, which represent the first example of the structurally characterized group 4 chiral NHC-metal complex. Furthermore, 7 - 19 are active catalysts for the polymerization of rac-lactide in the presence of isopropanol, leading to the heterotactic-rich polylactides.

  8. Synthesis and structure of six-coordinate iron borohydride complexes supported by PNP ligands.

    PubMed

    Koehne, Ingo; Schmeier, Timothy J; Bielinski, Elizabeth A; Pan, Cassie J; Lagaditis, Paraskevi O; Bernskoetter, Wesley H; Takase, Michael K; Würtele, Christian; Hazari, Nilay; Schneider, Sven

    2014-02-17

    The preparation of a number of iron complexes supported by ligands of the type HN{CH2CH2(PR2)}2 [R = isopropyl (((i)Pr)PNP) or cyclohexyl ((Cy)PNP)] is reported. This is the first time this important bifunctional ligand has been coordinated to iron. The iron(II) complexes (((i)Pr)PNP)FeCl2(CO) (1a) and ((Cy)PNP)FeCl2(CO) (1b) were synthesized through the reaction of the appropriate free ligand and FeCl2 in the presence of CO. The iron(0) complex (((i)Pr)PNP)Fe(CO)2 (2a) was prepared through the reaction of Fe(CO)5 with ((i)Pr)PNP, while irradiating with UV light. Compound 2a is unstable in CH2Cl2 and is oxidized to 1a via the intermediate iron(II) complex [(((i)Pr)PNP)FeCl(CO)2]Cl (3a). The reaction of 2a with HCl generated the related complex [(((i)Pr)PNP)FeH(CO)2]Cl (4a), while the neutral iron hydrides (((i)Pr)PNP)FeHCl(CO) (5a) and ((Cy)PNP)FeHCl(CO) (5b) were synthesized through the reaction of 1a or 1b with 1 equiv of (n)Bu4NBH4. The related reaction between 1a and excess NaBH4 generated the unusual η(1)-HBH3 complex (((i)Pr)PNP)FeH(η(1)-HBH3)(CO) (6a). This complex features a bifurcated intramolecular dihydrogen bond between two of the hydrogen atoms associated with the η(1)-HBH3 ligand and the N-H proton of the pincer ligand, as well as intermolecular dihydrogen bonding. The protonation of 6a with 2,6-lutidinium tetraphenylborate resulted in the formation of the dimeric complex [{(((i)Pr)PNP)FeH(CO)}2(μ2,η(1):η(1)-H2BH2)][BPh4] (7a), which features a rare example of a μ2,η(1):η(1)-H2BH2 ligand. Unlike all previous examples of complexes with a μ2,η(1):η(1)-H2BH2 ligand, there is no metal-metal bond and additional bridging ligand supporting the borohydride ligand in 7a; however, it is proposed that two dihydrogen-bonding interactions stabilize the complex. Complexes 1a, 2a, 3a, 4a, 5a, 6a, and 7a were characterized by X-ray crystallography.

  9. Synthesis and structural evaluation of five coordination complexes of benzenepentacarboxylic acid with aza-donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shimpi, Manishkumar R.; Biswas, Sharmita Nandy; Sarkar, Sohini; Pedireddi, V. R.

    2016-06-01

    Synthesis and structural features of five new coordination assemblies, [Co(bpyH)(H2O)5](BPCH)·(bpyH2)0.5·(H2O) (1a), [{Cu(H2O)3}·{Cu0.5(bpy)0.5(H2O)0.5}2(μ-BPCH)] (1b), [{Cd0.5(BPCH)}2·{Cd0.5(bpy)(H2O)2}2]·6(H2O) (1c), [Cu(BPCH2)(bpyeaH)]·2(H2O) (1d) and [Cd2 (bpyea)0.5(oxalate)0.5(μ-BPC) (H2O)]·(bpyeaH2)·2(H2O) (1e), have been reported. All the assemblies were prepared by co-crystallization of benzenepentacarboxylic acid (BPCH5) either with 4,4‧-bipyridine (bpy) or 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane (bpyea) in the presence of a transition metal ion (either Co(II), Cu(II) or Cd(II)) as the case may be. All the five compounds were synthesized by hydrothermal method and structures were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. All the obtained compounds, 1a-1e, exhibit distinct 3-D polymeric architectures either in the form of stacked layers or host-guest networks in which water molecules play a pivotal role providing additional stabilization by coordinate bonds as well as hydrogen bonds. Other non-covalent interactions such as C-H … π and π … π stacking also participate in the formation of exotic 3-D structures of these complexes.

  10. Synthesis of ligands containing N-oxide donor atoms and their assembly into metallosupramolecular structures.

    PubMed

    Bullock, Samantha J; Harding, Lindsay P; Moore, Michelle P; Mills, Andrew; Piela, Sean A F; Rice, Craig R; Towns-Andrews, Liz; Whitehead, Martina

    2013-04-28

    A series of ligands that contain both N-donor and N-oxide donor atoms have been synthesised and ligands L5, L6, L7 and L8 contain, 4, 6, 5, and 6 donor atoms respectively. The smallest ligand L5 forms a mononuclear complex with Cu2+ ([Cu(L5)(ClO4)2(MeCN)]) whereas L6 and L7 form dinuclear double helicates with Ni2+ and Cu2+ respectively ([Ni2(L6)2]4+ and [Cu2(L7)2]4+). L8 forms a tetranuclear cyclic helicate upon reaction with Co2+ ([Co4(L8)4]8+) and in all cases the complexes are characterised by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and ESI-MS. The N-oxide units imparts flexibility in the ligand strand and where the unoxidised ligand strand forms a cyclic helicate, the incorporation of an N-oxide unit allows the formation of the dinuclear double helicate.

  11. Iron complexes of a bidentate picolyl-NHC ligand: synthesis, structure and reactivity.

    PubMed

    Liang, Qiuming; Janes, Trevor; Gjergji, Xhoana; Song, Datong

    2016-09-21

    The synthesis, structure and reactivity of bidentate picolyl N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) iron compounds were studied. Compounds [FeBr(HL)2]Br (1), [FeBr(HL)(HMDS)] (2) and [FeBr2(HL)] (3) (HL = 1-mesityl-3-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)imidazol-1-ylidene, HMDS = hexamethyldisilazide) were prepared from H2LBr with suitable amounts of Fe(HMDS)2 or in situ prepared [Fe(HMDS)Br]. The deprotonation of 1 with 2 eq. of LiHMDS gave [FeL2] (4), featuring dearomatized pyridine moieties with exocyclic C-C double bonds. The protonation of 4 with 2 eq. of PPh3·HBr results in the formation of 1. Attempted deprotonation of 3 using benzyl Grignard as the base resulted in transmetalation products [FeBnBr(HL)] (5) and [FeBn2(HL)] (6). Exposure of 6 to CO resulted in the formation of diamagnetic compound [Fe(CO)3(HL)] (7) and dibenzyl ketone. Prolonged exposure of 7 to CO with heating induces pyridine dissociation, affording [Fe(CO)4(HL-κC)] (8). Treatment of compound 6 with an equimolar amount of p-methoxybenzyl bromide yielded homo- and cross-coupling products. PMID:27513216

  12. Heteroditopic P,N ligands in gold(I) complexes: synthesis, structure and cytotoxicity.

    PubMed

    Traut-Johnstone, Telisha; Kanyanda, Stonard; Kriel, Frederik H; Viljoen, Tanya; Kotze, P D Riekert; van Zyl, Werner E; Coates, Judy; Rees, D Jasper G; Meyer, Mervin; Hewer, Raymond; Williams, D Bradley G

    2015-04-01

    New heteroditopic, bi- and multidentate imino- and aminophosphine ligands were synthesised and complexed to [AuCl(THT)] (THT=tetrahydrothiophene). X-ray crystallography confirmed Schiff base formation in three products, the successful reduction of the imino-group to the sp(3)-hybridised amine in several instances, and confirmed the formation of mono-gold(I) imino- and aminophosphine complexes for four Au-complexes. Cytotoxicity studies in cancerous and non-cancerous cell lines showed a marked increase in cytotoxicity upon ligand complexation to gold(I). These findings were supported by results from the 60-cell line fingerprint screen of the Developmental Therapeutics Programme of the National Institutes of Health for two promising compounds. The cytotoxicity of some of these ligands and gold(I)complexes is due to the induction of apoptosis. The ligands and gold(I)complexes demonstrated selective toxicity towards specific cell lines, with Jurkat T cells being more sensitive to the cytotoxic effects of these compounds, while the non-cancerous human cell line KMST6 proved more resistant when compared to the cancerous cell lines. Results from the NIH DTP 60 cell-line fingerprint screen support the observed enhancement of cytotoxicity upon gold(I) complexation. One gold(I)complex induced high levels of apoptosis at concentrations of 50 μM in all the cell lines screened in this study, while some of the other compounds selectively induced apoptosis in the cell lines. These results point towards the potential for selective toxicity to cancerous cells through the induction of apoptosis.

  13. Lanthanide-directed synthesis of luminescent self-assembly supramolecular structures and mechanically bonded systems from acyclic coordinating organic ligands.

    PubMed

    Barry, Dawn E; Caffrey, David F; Gunnlaugsson, Thorfinnur

    2016-06-01

    Herein some examples of the use of lanthanide ions (f-metal ions) to direct the synthesis of luminescent self-assembly systems (architectures) will be discussed. This area of lanthanide supramolecular chemistry is fast growing, thanks to the unique physical (magnetic and luminescent) and coordination properties of the lanthanides, which are often transferred to the resulting supermolecule. The emphasis herein will be on systems that are luminescent, and hence, generated by using either visibly emitting ions (such as Eu(III), Tb(III) and Sm(III)) or near infrared emitting ions (like Nd(III), Yb(III) and Er(III)), formed through the use of templating chemistry, by employing structurally simple ligands, possessing oxygen and nitrogen coordinating moieties. As the lanthanides have high coordination requirements, their use often allows for the formation of coordination compounds and supramolecular systems such as bundles, grids, helicates and interlocked molecules that are not synthetically accessible through the use of other commonly used templating ions such as transition metal ions. Hence, the use of the rare-earth metal ions can lead to the formation of unique and stable species in both solution and in the solid state, as well as functional and responsive structures.

  14. Synthesis, crystal structure and photoluminescence property of Eu/Tb MOFs with mixed polycarboxylate ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Lu; Zhang, Sheng; Qu, Xiaoni; Yang, Qi; Liu, Xiangyu; Wei, Qing; Xie, Gang; Chen, Sanping

    2015-11-01

    Lanthanide MOFs, [Eu(TCA)(NDC)·H2O]n (1) and [Tb(TCA)(NDC)·H2O]n (2), have been prepared with the mixed aromatic carboxylate ligands, namely, 4,4‧,4″-tricarboxytriphenylamine (H3TCA) and 1,4-naphthalenedicarboxylate (H2NDC). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that isomorphic 1 and 2 present pillar-layered 3D framework that Eu/Tb(III) bond with carboxylate in various coordination fashions. Optical investigation indicates that the as-prepared compounds feature characteristic luminescence emission bands of Eu/Tb ions in the visible regions at room temperature. Moreover, compound 2 shows a relatively longer luminescence lifetime (τ=0.342 ms) and significantly enhanced quantum yield (Φoverall=11%) comparing with those of 1 (τ=0.335 ms, Φoverall=0.06%). Two Ln-MOFs (Ln=EuIII, TbIII) with mixed polycarboxylate ligands present different luminescent properties.

  15. Phenoxy-bridged binuclear Zn(II) complex holding salen ligand: Synthesis and structural characterization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Azam, Mohammad; Al-Resayes, Saud I.

    2016-03-01

    A novel binuclear phenoxo-bridged zinc complex obtained from the interaction of ligand, 2,2-(1E,1E)-(2,2-dimethylpropane-1,3-diyl)bis(azanylylidene) bis(methanylylidene)diphenol with zinc chloride is reported. The synthesized and isolated zinc complex has been characterized by FT-IR, 1H- and 13C- NMR, ESI-MS, TGA/DTA and single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. The phenoxo-bridge in this binuclear Zn(II) complex is due to the phenolic oxygen of the salen liagnd. The complex crystallizes in monoclinic P-1 space group, and different geometry has been assigned for both zinc ions in the complex.

  16. Synthesis and structural characterization of zinc(II) and cobalt(II) complexes based on multidentate hydrazone ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Li; Zhang, Yuan Zhuo; Liu, E.; Yang, Chengxiong; Golen, James A.; Rheingold, Arnold L.; Zhang, Guoqi

    2016-04-01

    Two multidentate Schiff base ligands containing a hydrazone unit have been synthesized and investigated for zinc(II) and cobalt(II) coordination chemistry. The reactions of the 4-pyridyl derived hydrazone ligand HL1 with zinc(II) or cobalt(II) salts gave three mononuclear complexes that were structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis. The results revealed that the ligand could adopt different coordination modes when various counter anions were employed. While in the case that zinc dichloride was used as a metal salt a neutral mononuclear mono-ligand complex was formed, the deprotonation of hydrazone occurred when zinc(II) or cobalt(II) nitrate were present and two new isostructural mononuclear bis-ligand complexes were isolated. Modification of the hydrazone ligand with oxygen donors was found to have a significant impact on the ligand reactivity, and a similar reaction of H2L2 with cobalt(II) nitrate gave a protonated product of H2L2 without the incorporation of cobalt(II), which features a one-dimensional hydrogen-bonded network in the solid state.

  17. Synthesis, structural, thermal studies and biological activity of a tridentate Schiff base ligand and their transition metal complexes.

    PubMed

    Abd El-halim, Hanan F; Omar, M M; Mohamed, Gehad G

    2011-01-01

    Schiff base (L) ligand is prepared via condensation of pyridine-2,6-dicarboxaldehyde with -2-aminopyridine. The ligand and its metal complexes are characterized based on elemental analysis, mass, IR, solid reflectance, magnetic moment, molar conductance, and thermal analyses (TG, DTG and DTA). The molar conductance reveals that all the metal chelates are non-electrolytes. IR spectra shows that L ligand behaves as neutral tridentate ligand and bind to the metal ions via the two azomethine N and pyridine N. From the magnetic and solid reflectance spectra, it is found that the geometrical structures of these complexes are octahedral (Cr(III), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Th(IV)) and tetrahedral (Mn(II), Cd(II), Zn(II), and UO2(II)). The thermal behaviour of these chelates shows that the hydrated complexes losses water molecules of hydration in the first step followed immediately by decomposition of the anions and ligand molecules in the subsequent steps. The activation thermodynamic parameters, such as, E*, ΔH*, ΔS* and ΔG* are calculated from the DTG curves using Coats-Redfern method. The synthesized ligand, in comparison to their metal complexes also was screened for its antibacterial activity against bacterial species, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus pyogones and Fungi (Candida). The activity data shows that the metal complexes to be more potent/antibacterial than the parent Schiff base ligand against one or more bacterial species.

  18. Synthesis, structure and spectroscopic study of Rh III polypyridine complexes with phenylcyanamide derivative ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hadadzadeh, Hassan; Rezvani, Ali R.; Belanger-Gariepy, Francine

    2005-04-01

    Several new Rh III complexes, [Rh(tpy)(bpy)L](PF 6) 2 (tpy=2,2':6',2″-terpyridine, bpy=2,2'-bipyridine, and L=monoanions of phenylcyanamide(pcyd)), 4-methylphenylcyanamide (4-MePcyd), 2,4-dimethylphenylcyanamide (2,4-Me 2pcyd), 4-methoxyphenylcyanamide (4-MeOPcyd), 2-chlorophenylcyanamide (2-Clpcyd) and 2,5-dichlorophenylcyanamide (2,5-Cl 2pcyd) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR and electronic absorption spectroscopies. ORTEP drawing of [Rh(tpy)(bpy)(2,5-Cl 2pcyd)](PF 6) 2·1/2CH 3CN shows three pyridyl rings of the tpy ligand that are nearly coplanar, as are the two rings of bpy. The anionic cyanamide group is coordinated end-on by the nitrile nitrogen to the Rh III. The Rh III-NCN bond is bent, having an angle of 125.4°. This bent bond is largely determined by the σ-bonding interaction of a cyanamide non-bonding electron pair in a sp 2 hybrid orbital.

  19. Group 10 complexes containing phosphinomethylamine ligands: Synthesis, structural analysis and electrochemical studies

    SciTech Connect

    Waggoner, Nolan W.; Spreer, Lindsay S.; Boro, Brian J.; DuBois, Daniel L.; Helm, Monte L.

    2012-01-15

    The reaction of [M(triphos)OTf](OTf) (M = Pd, Pt; triphos = (Ph2PCH2CH2)2PPh; OTf = triflate) with one equivalent of a diphenylphosphinomethylamine ligand (PPh2NPh(R), R = Ph or Me) leads to the formation of the M(II) complexes [Pd(triphos)PPh2NPh(R)](OTf)2 (1a, R = Ph; 1b, R = Me) and [Pt(triphos)PPh2NPh(R)]- (OTf)2 (2a, R = Ph; 2b, R = Me). Complexes 1a, 1b, 2a and 2b were obtained in moderate yields and characterized by elemental analysis, 1H, 13C, 31P NMR and X-ray diffraction. The redox behavior of these complexes shows a reversible reduction wave with half-wave potentials ranging from -1.04 to -1.23 V. Electrocatalytic proton reduction studies demonstrate these complexes function as hydrogen production catalysts with turn over frequencies ranging from 120 to 200 s-1. We thank Research Corporation Cottrell Science Award (7293) and Fort Lewis College for financial support of this project. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory collaborators would like to acknowledge the support of the US Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences’ Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences Division. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

  20. Cycloheptatrienyl zirconium sandwich complexes with lewis basic phospholyl ligands (phosphatrozircenes): synthesis, structure, bonding and coordination chemistry.

    PubMed

    Glöckner, Andreas; Bannenberg, Thomas; Büschel, Susanne; Daniliuc, Constantin G; Jones, Peter G; Tamm, Matthias

    2011-05-23

    The transmetalation reaction between [(η(7) -C(7) H(7) )ZrCl(tmeda)] (1; tmeda=N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine) and various phospholide anions leads to a new class of mixed sandwich complexes: [(η(7)-C(7)H(7))Zr(η(5)-C(4)PMe(4))] (2), [(η(7)-C(7)H(7))Zr(η(5)-C(4)PH(2)Me(2))] (3) and [(η(7)-C(7)H(7))Zr(η(5)-C(4)PPhHMe(2))] (4). The presence of Lewis basic phosphorus atoms and Lewis acidic zirconium atoms allows ambiphilic behaviour to be observed, and X-ray diffraction analysis reveals dimeric arrangements for 2 and 3 with long intermolecular Zr-P bonds, whereas 4 remains monomeric in the solid state. DFT calculations indicate that the metal-phosphorus interaction is weak, and accordingly, complexes 2-4 act as monodentate ligands upon reaction with [W(CO)(5)(thf)]. The resulting complexes [W(CO)(5)(L)] 5-7 (L=2-4) were studied by IR spectroscopy and compared with the [W(CO)(5) ] complex 9, containing the phosphane-functionalised trozircene [(η(7)-C(7)H(7))Zr(η(5)-C(5)H(4)PPh(2))] (8). They all show a close resemblance to simple phosphanes, such as PMe(3) , although molecular orbital analysis of 2 reveals that the free electron pair in the phosphatrozircenes is not the HOMO. Four equivalents of 2 can replace 1,4-cyclooctadiene (COD) in [Ni(cod)(2)] to form the homoleptic, distorted tetrahedral complex [Ni{2}(4)] (10).

  1. The Synthesis, Structures and Chemical Properties of Macrocyclic Ligands Covalently Bonded into Layered Arrays

    SciTech Connect

    Clearfield, Abraham

    2003-10-09

    OAK-B135 The immobilization of crown ethers tends to limit the leveling effect of solvents making the macrocycles more selective. In addition immobilization has the added advantage of relative ease of recovery of the otherwise soluble crown. We have affixed CH2PO3H2 groups to azacrown ethers. The resultant phosphorylated macrocycles may spontaneously aggregate into crystalline supramolecular linear arrays or contacted with cations produce layered or linear polymers. In the linear polymers the metal and phosphonic acids covalently bond into a central stem with the macrocyclic rings protruding from the stem as leaves on a twig. Two types of layered compounds were obtained with group 4 metals. Monoaza-crown ethers form a bilayer where the M4+ plus phosphonic acid groups build the layer and the rings fill the interlayer space. 1, 10-diazadiphosphonic acids cross-link the metal phosphonate layers forming a three-dimensional array of crown ethers. In order to improve diffusion into these 3-D arrays they are spaced by inclusion of phosphate or phosphate groups. Two series of azamacrocylic crown ethers were prepared containing rings with 20 to 32 atoms. These larger rings can complex two cations per ring. Methylene phosphonic acid groups have been bonded to the aza ring atoms to increase the complexing ability of these ligands. Our approach is to carry out acid-base titrations in the absence and presence of cations to determine the pKa values of the protons, both those bonded to aza groups and those associated with the phosphonic acid groups. From the differences in the titration curves obtained with and without the cations present we obtain the stoichiometry of complex formation and the complex stability constants. Some of the applications we are targeting include phase transfer catalysis, separation of cations and the separation of radioisotopes for diagnostic and cancer therapeutic purposes.

  2. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and crystal structure of novel NNNN-donor μ-bis(bidentate) tetraaza acyclic Schiff base ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Habibi, Mohammad Hossein; Shojaee, Elahe; Nichol, Gary S.

    2012-12-01

    Novel NNNN-donor μ-bis(bidentate) tetraaza acyclic Schiff base ligands with different substituents (CF3, N(CH3)2 or OH groups) were synthesized by the condensation reaction of triethylenetetramine with 4-substituted benzaldehydes. Triethylenetetramine tris(4-trifluoromethylbenzylidene) (TTFMB), triethylenetetramine tris(4-dimethylaminobenzylidene) (TTDMB) and triethylenetetramine tris(2,4-dihydroxybenzylidene) (TTDHB) were formed as N4 donor ligands. The formation of a five-membered imidazolidine ring from the ethylenediamine backbone as a spacer-cumbridging unit gives rise to a new type of imidazolidine ligand. The structure of the TTFMB and TTDMB were determined by single crystal X-ray crystallography. The synthesized ligands have been characterized on the basis of the results of cyclic voltammetry (CV) and spectroscopic studies viz. FT-IR spectroscopy (FT-IR), mass spectroscopy (MS) and UV-Vis spectroscopy (UV-Vis).

  3. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and crystal structure of novel NNNN-donor μ-bis(bidentate) tetraaza acyclic Schiff base ligands.

    PubMed

    Habibi, Mohammad Hossein; Shojaee, Elahe; Nichol, Gary S

    2012-12-01

    Novel NNNN-donor μ-bis(bidentate) tetraaza acyclic Schiff base ligands with different substituents (CF(3), N(CH(3))(2) or OH groups) were synthesized by the condensation reaction of triethylenetetramine with 4-substituted benzaldehydes. Triethylenetetramine tris(4-trifluoromethylbenzylidene) (TTFMB), triethylenetetramine tris(4-dimethylaminobenzylidene) (TTDMB) and triethylenetetramine tris(2,4-dihydroxybenzylidene) (TTDHB) were formed as N(4) donor ligands. The formation of a five-membered imidazolidine ring from the ethylenediamine backbone as a spacer-cumbridging unit gives rise to a new type of imidazolidine ligand. The structure of the TTFMB and TTDMB were determined by single crystal X-ray crystallography. The synthesized ligands have been characterized on the basis of the results of cyclic voltammetry (CV) and spectroscopic studies viz. FT-IR spectroscopy (FT-IR), mass spectroscopy (MS) and UV-Vis spectroscopy (UV-Vis).

  4. Synthesis, spectroscopic, structural characterization, electrochemical and antimicrobial activity studies of the Schiff base ligand and its transition metal complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aslantaş, Mehmet; Kendi, Engin; Demir, Necmettin; Şabik, Ali E.; Tümer, Mehmet; Kertmen, Metin

    2009-10-01

    In this study, the Schiff base ligand trans-N,N'-bis[(2,4-dichlorophenyl) methylidene] cyclohexane-1,2-diamine (L) and its copper(II), nickel(II) and palladium(II) transition metal complexes were prepared and characterized by the analytical and spectroscopic methods. The 1H( 13C) NMR spectra of the ligand and its diamagnetic complexes were recorded in DMSO-d 6 solvent and obtained data confirm that the nitrogen atoms of the imine groups coordinated to the metal ions. Electrochemical properties of the ligand and its metal complexes were investigated in the DMF solvent at the 100 and 250 mV s -1 scan rates. The ligand and metal complexes showed both reversible and irreversible processes at these scan rates. The single crystal of the ligand (L) was obtained from MeOH solution, and its crystal structure was determined by X-ray diffraction. The C-H⋯Cl hydrogen bonding interactions in the molecule were seen which increase the stability of the crystal structure. The antimicrobial activity studies of the ligand and its metal complexes were carried out by using the various bacteria and fungi.

  5. Synthesis, structure, and electrochemical characterization of a mixed-ligand diruthenium(III,II) complex with an unusual arrangement of the bridging ligands.

    PubMed

    Ngubane, Siyabonga; Kadish, Karl M; Bear, John L; Van Caemelbecke, Eric; Thuriere, Antoine; Ramirez, Kevin P

    2013-03-14

    A mixed-ligand metal-metal bonded diruthenium complex having the formula Ru(2)(2,4,6-(CH(3))(3)ap)(3)(O(2)CCH(3))Cl where ap is the anilinopyridinate anion was synthesized from the reaction of Ru(2)(O(2)CCH(3))(4)Cl and H(2,4,6-(CH(3))(3)ap), after which the isolated product was structurally, spectroscopically and electrochemically characterized. The crystal structure reveals an unusual arrangement of the bridging ligands around the dimetal unit where one ruthenium atom is coordinated to one anilino and two pyridyl nitrogen atoms while the other ruthenium atom is coordinated to one pyridyl and two anilino nitrogen atoms. To our knowledge, Ru(2)(2,4,6-(CH(3))(3)ap)(3)(O(2)CCH(3))Cl is the only example of a mixed-ligand diruthenium complex of the type [Ru(2)L(3)(O(2)CCH(3))](+), where L is an unsymmetrical anionic bridging ligand that has been structurally characterized with a "(2,1)" geometric conformation of the bridging ligands, all others being "(3,0)". The initial Ru(2)(5+) compound in CH(2)Cl(2) or CH(3)CN containing 0.1 M tetra-n-butylammonium perchlorate (TBAP) undergoes up to four one-electron redox processes involving the dimetal unit. The Ru(2)(5+/4+) and Ru(2)(5+/6+) processes were characterized under N(2) using thin-layer UV-visible spectroelectrochemistry and this data is compared to UV-visible spectral changes obtained during similar electrode reactions for related diruthenium compounds having the formula Ru(2)L(4)Cl or Ru(2)L(3)(O(2)CCH(3))Cl where L is an anionic bridging ligand. Ru(2)(2,4,6-(CH(3))(3)ap)(3)(O(2)CCH(3))Cl was also examined by UV-visible and FTIR spectroelectrochemistry under a CO atmosphere and two singly reduced Ru(2)(4+) species, [Ru(2)(2,4,6-(CH(3))(3)ap)(3)(O(2)CCH(3))(CO)Cl](-) and Ru(2)(2,4,6-(CH(3))(3)ap)(3)(O(2)CCH(3))(CO) were in situ generated for further characterization. The CO-bound complexes could be further reduced and exhibited additional reductions to their Ru(2)(3+) and Ru(2)(2+) oxidation states. PMID:23283183

  6. Synthesis, crystal structure and EPR spectra of cis-dioxo-molybdenum(V) with catechol ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Xiaoming; Liu, Shuncheng; Mao, Xian; Bu, Xianhe

    2001-05-01

    The cis-dioxo-molybdenum(V) complex anion [Mo (V)O 2(C 6H 4O 2) 2] 3- was obtained by the reaction of tetra-butyl ammonium β-octamolybdate with catechol and ethylenediamine in the mixed solvent of CH 3OH and CH 3CN, and characterized by IR, NM, UV, EPR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction with its discrete (NH 2CH 2CH 2NH 3) + cations. The determination of single crystal X-ray analysis revealed that the metal center exhibits distorted octahedral co-ordination with cis dioxo catechol. The result of essentially the same of EPR spectra shown by the complex and flavoenzyme suggests that the title complex anion and flavoenzyme have related structure feature.

  7. Synthesis and crystal structures of two nickel coordination polymers generated from asymmetric malate ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Guo Yaqin; Xiao Dongrong; Wang Enbo . E-mail: wangenbo@public.cc.jl.cn; Lu Ying; Lue Jian; Xu Xinxin; Xu Lin

    2005-03-15

    Two nickel coordination polymers [Ni(H{sub 2}O)(C{sub 4}H{sub 4}O{sub 5})].H{sub 2}O 1 and [Ni(H{sub 2}O)(mal)(phen)] 2, have been hydrothermally synthesized and structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Crystal data for 1: C{sub 4}H{sub 8}O{sub 7}Ni, monoclinic Cc, a=13.156(3)A, b=7.5436(15)A, c=9.6982(19)A, {beta}=130.96(3){sup o}, Z=4. Crystal data for 2: C{sub 16}H{sub 14}N{sub 2}O{sub 6}Ni, orthorhombic Pna2{sub 1}, a=9.6113(19)A, b=19.691(4)A, c=8.0944(16)A, Z=4. Compound 1 is constructed from [Ni(H{sub 2}O)(C{sub 4}H{sub 4}O{sub 5})] sheets pillared through {beta}-carboxylate groups into a 3D framework, which exhibits a diamond-like network. Compound 2 exhibits a 3D supramolecular network. To our knowledge, compound 1 represents the first diamond-like topology in the system of metal-malate. Other characterizations by elemental analysis, IR and TG are also described. The magnetic behavior of compound 1 has been studied.

  8. Synthesis and structure of a 2D Zn complex with mixed ligands stacked in offset ABAB manner

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qin, Ling; Wang, Yan-Qing; Ni, Gang

    2016-07-01

    The title complex, {[Zn(ODIB)1/2( bpdc)]·2DMF} n was prepared under hydrothermal conditions (dimethylformamide and water) based on two ligands, namely, 1,1'-oxy-bis[3,5-diimidazolyl-benzene] (ODIB) and biphenyldicarboxylic acid (H2 bpdc). ODIB ligands link Zn cations to give layers in crystal. bpdc 2- anions coordinate to Zn atoms, however, their introduction does not increase the dimension of the structure. Each layer is partially passes through the adjacent layers in the offset ABAB manner.

  9. Synthesis, structure and electrochemistry behavior of a cobalt(III) compound with azide and methyl 2-pyridyl ketone semicarbazone ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shaabani, Behrouz; Khandar, Ali Akbar; Mahmoudi, Farzaneh; Balula, Salete S.; Cunha-Silva, Luís

    2013-08-01

    An unprecedented cobalt(III) compound with methyl 2-pyridyl ketone semicarbazone (HL) and the auxiliary azide ligand, [Co(L)2] [Co(L)(N3)3] (1) was synthesized and further characterized crystallographically and spectroscopically. Compound 1 crystallizes in the triclinic system and space group of P-1 and its structure consists of two mononuclear crystallographic units with metal chromophore comprising two cobalt(III) centers revealing distorted octahedral geometries and formed by distinct ligands in the inner coordination spheres. Interestingly, compound 1 represents the first complex formed by two distinct mononuclear units involving this ligand. As consequence of various donor and acceptor groups in both crystallographic units, there are several strong Nsbnd H⋯N and Nsbnd H⋯O hydrogen bonding interactions interconnecting adjacent moieties, ultimately leading to a three-dimensional supramolecular network. Furthermore, the electrochemical behavior of the HL and compound 1 were investigated.

  10. Synthesis and structural characterization of Pd(II) complexes derived from perimidine ligand and their in vitro antimicrobial studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Azam, Mohammad; Warad, Ismail; Al-Resayes, Saud I.; Alzaqri, Nabil; Khan, Mohammad Rizwan; Pallepogu, Raghavaiah; Dwivedi, Sourabh; Musarrat, Javed; Shakir, Mohammad

    2013-09-01

    A novel series of Pd(II) complexes derived from 2-thiophenecarboxaldehyde and 1,8-diaminonaphthalene has been synthesized and characterized by various physico-chemical and spectroscopic techniques viz., elemental analyses, IR, UV-vis, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, and ESI-mass spectrometry. The structure of ligand, 2-(2-thienyl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-perimidine has been ascertained on the basis of single crystal X-ray diffraction. All Pd(II) complexes together with the corresponding ligand have been evaluated for their ability to suppress the in vitro growth of microbes, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Citrobacter sp., Bacillus subtilis and Stenotrophomonas acidaminiphila and results show that Pd(II) complexes have more significant antimicrobial activity than their corresponding ligand. Fluorescence spectroscopic measurements clearly support that both of the Pd(II) complexes show significant DNA binding with calf thymus DNA.

  11. Ruthenium(II) bipyridine complexes bearing new keto-enol azoimine ligands: Synthesis, structure, electrochemistry and DFT calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-Noaimi, Mousa; Awwadi, Firas F.; Mansi, Ahmad; Abdel-Rahman, Obadah S.; Hammoudeh, Ayman; Warad, Ismail

    2015-01-01

    The novel azoimine ligand, Phsbnd NHsbnd Ndbnd C(COCH3)sbnd NHPh(Ctbnd CH) (H2L), was synthesized and its molecular structure was determined by X-ray crystallography. Catalytic hydration of the terminal acetylene of H2L in the presence of RuCl3·3H2O in ethanol at reflux temperature yielded a ketone (L1 = Phsbnd Ndbnd Nsbnd C(COCH3)dbnd Nsbnd Ph(COCH3) and an enol (L2 = Phsbnd Ndbnd Nsbnd C(COCH3)dbnd Nsbnd PhC(OH)dbnd CH2) by Markovnikov addition of water. Two mixed-ligand ruthenium complexes having general formula, trans-[Ru(bpy)(Y)Cl2] (1-2) (where Y = L1 (1) and Y = L2 (2), bpy is 2.2‧-bipyrdine) were achieved by the stepwise addition of equimolar amounts of (H2L) and bpy ligands to RuCl3·3H2O in absolute ethanol. Theses complexes were characterized by elemental analyses and spectroscopic (IR, UV-Vis, and NMR (1D 1H NMR, 13C NMR, (DEPT-135), (DEPT-90), 2D 1H-1H and 13C-1H correlation (HMQC) spectroscopy)). The two complexes exhibit a quasi-reversible one electron Ru(II)/Ru(III) oxidation couple at 604 mV vs. ferrocene/ferrocenium (Cp2Fe0/+) couple along with one electron ligand reduction at -1010 mV. The crystal structure of complex 1 showed that the bidentate ligand L1 coordinates to Ru(II) by the azo- and imine-nitrogen donor atoms. The complex adopts a distorted trans octahedral coordination geometry of chloride ligands. The electronic spectra of 1 and 1+ in dichloromethane have been modeled by time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT).

  12. Ruthenium(II) bipyridine complexes bearing new keto-enol azoimine ligands: synthesis, structure, electrochemistry and DFT calculations.

    PubMed

    Al-Noaimi, Mousa; Awwadi, Firas F; Mansi, Ahmad; Abdel-Rahman, Obadah S; Hammoudeh, Ayman; Warad, Ismail

    2015-01-25

    The novel azoimine ligand, Ph-NH-N=C(COCH3)-NHPh(C≡CH) (H2L), was synthesized and its molecular structure was determined by X-ray crystallography. Catalytic hydration of the terminal acetylene of H2L in the presence of RuCl3·3H2O in ethanol at reflux temperature yielded a ketone (L1=Ph-N=N-C(COCH3)=N-Ph(COCH3) and an enol (L2=Ph-N=N-C(COCH3)=N-PhC(OH)=CH2) by Markovnikov addition of water. Two mixed-ligand ruthenium complexes having general formula, trans-[Ru(bpy)(Y)Cl2] (1-2) (where Y=L1 (1) and Y=L2 (2), bpy is 2.2'-bipyrdine) were achieved by the stepwise addition of equimolar amounts of (H2L) and bpy ligands to RuCl3·3H2O in absolute ethanol. Theses complexes were characterized by elemental analyses and spectroscopic (IR, UV-Vis, and NMR (1D (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, (DEPT-135), (DEPT-90), 2D (1)H-(1)H and (13)C-(1)H correlation (HMQC) spectroscopy)). The two complexes exhibit a quasi-reversible one electron Ru(II)/Ru(III) oxidation couple at 604 mV vs. ferrocene/ferrocenium (Cp2Fe(0/+)) couple along with one electron ligand reduction at -1010 mV. The crystal structure of complex 1 showed that the bidentate ligand L1 coordinates to Ru(II) by the azo- and imine-nitrogen donor atoms. The complex adopts a distorted trans octahedral coordination geometry of chloride ligands. The electronic spectra of 1 and 1+ in dichloromethane have been modeled by time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT).

  13. Synthesis, structural and photo-physical studies of bismuth(III) complexes with Janus scorpionate and co-ligands.

    PubMed

    Imran, Muhammad; Mix, Andreas; Neumann, Beate; Stammler, Hans-Georg; Monkowius, Uwe; Bleckenwegner, Petra; Mitzel, Norbert W

    2014-07-28

    Some novel complexes of bismuth(III) with the Janus scorpionate ligand [HB(mtda(Me))3](-) (mtda(Me) = 2-mercapto-5-methyl-1,3,4-thiadiazolyl) were synthesised. Na[HB(mtda(Me))3] (1) was reacted with BiX3 (X = Cl, I, NO3) in the molar ratio 2 : 1 to afford the bismuth complexes {HB(mtda(Me))3}2BiCl (3), Na[{HB(mtda(Me))3}2BiI2] (4) and [{HB(mtda(Me))3}2Bi(NO3)]n (5). Two mixed complexes {HB(mtda(Me))3}Bi(phen)Cl2 (6) and {HB(mtda(Me))3}Bi(bipy)Cl2 (7) were obtained using Janus scorpionate as the primary ligand in the presence of 1,10-phenanthroline and 2,2'-bipyridyl, respectively, as co-ligands in the 1 : 1 ratio. The obtained complexes were characterised by (1)H, (13)C and diffusion NMR (DOSY), elemental analyses and mass spectrometry. Structures of the compounds NBu4[HB(mtda(Me))3] (2), 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The molecular dynamic process in complex 3 was also studied by variable temperature NMR measurements. All bismuth complexes, except for the polymeric 5, are monomeric. Complexes 6 and 7 exhibit (B)H···Bi distances of 2.76(3) and 2.71(2) Å length, respectively. Compounds 2, 6 and 7 were screened for their luminescence activity. At 77 K in ethanol solution, complexes 6 and 7 exhibit phosphorescence from ligand-to-ligand charge transfer (LLCT) and the ligand-centred (LC) excited state, respectively. PMID:24906201

  14. Synthesis, structural diversity and fluorescent characterisation of a series of d10 metal-organic frameworks (MOFs): reaction conditions, secondary ligand and metal effects.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Wei Hong; Dong, Zhe; Wang, Yao Yu; Hou, Lei; Jin, Jun Cheng; Huang, Wen Huan; Shi, Qi Zhen

    2011-03-21

    Along with our recent investigation on the flexible ligand of H(2)ADA (1,3-adamantanediacetic acid), a series of Zn(II) and Cd(II) metal-organic frameworks, namely, [Zn(3)(ADA)(3)(H(2)O)(2)](n)·5nH(2)O (1), [Zn(ADA)(4,4'-bipy)(0.5)](n) (2), [Zn(2)(ADA)(2)(bpa)](n) (3), [Zn(2)(ADA)(2)(bpa)](n) (4), [Zn(2)(ADA)(2)(bpp)](n) (5), [Cd(HADA)(2)((4,4'-bipy)](n) (6), [Cd(3)(ADA)(3)(bpa)(2)(CH(3)OH)(H(2)O)](n) (7), and [Cd(2)(ADA)(2)(bpp)(2)](n)·7nH(2)O (8) have been synthesized and structurally characterized (where 4,4'-bipy = 4,4'-dipyridine, bpa = 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane and bpp = 1,3-bis(4-pyridyl)propane). Due to various coordination modes and conformations of the flexible dicarboxylate ligand and the different pyridyl-containing coligands, these complexes exhibit structural and dimensional diversity. Complex 1 exhibits a three-dimensional (3D) framework containing one-dimensional (1D) Zn(II)-O-C-O-Zn(II) clusters. Complex 2 exhibits a 2D structure constructed by 1D double chains based on [Zn(2)ADA(2)] units and a 4,4'-bipy pillar. Complexes 3 and 4 possess isomorphic 2D layer structures, resulting from the different coordination modes of carboxylate group of ADA ligands. Complex 5 features a 2D 4(4) layer in which ADA ligands and Zn(II) atoms construct a 1D looped chain and the chains are further connected by bpp ligands. Complex 6 is composed of 1D zig-zag chains that are entangled through hydrogen-bonding interactions to generate a 2D network. Complex 7 is a rare (3,5)-connected network. Complex 8 possesses a 3D microporous framework with lots of water molecules encapsulated in the channels. The structural diversity of the complexes perhaps mainly results from using diverse secondary ligands and different metal centre ions, and means the assistant ligand and metal centre play important roles in the design and synthesis of target metal-organic frameworks. This finding revealed that ADA could be used as an effective bridging ligand to construct MOFs and change

  15. Synthesis and crystal structures of ethanol-coordinated molybdenum(VI) oxo complexes with tridentate hydrazone ligands.

    PubMed

    Qian, Shao-Song; Cheng, Xiao-Shan; You, Zhong-Lu; Zhu, Hai-Liang

    2013-01-01

    Reaction of [MoO2(acac)2] (where acac = acetylacetonate) with two similar hydrazone ligands in ethanol yielded two ethanol-coordinated mononuclear molybdenum(VI) oxo complexes with general formula [MoO2L(EtOH)], where L = L1 = (N'-(3,5-dibromo-2-hydroxybenzylidene)-4-nitrobenzohydrazide (H2L1), and L = L2 = (N'-(3,5-dibromo-2-hydroxybenzylidene)-2-fluorobenzohydrazide (H2L2). Crystal and molecular structures of the complexes were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction method. All of the investigated compounds were further characterized by elemental analysis and FT-IR spectra. Single crystal X-ray structural studies indicate that the hydrazone ligands coordinate to the MoO2 cores through enolate oxygen, phenolate oxygen and azomethine nitrogen. The Mo atoms in both complexes are in octahedral coordination. Thermal stability of the complexes has also been studied.

  16. Synthesis and structures of ligand-dominated one-dimensional silver(I)-bis(pyridylmethyl)amine coordination chains

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Hung-Jui; Liu, Yu-Chiao; Tseng, Yu-Jui; Wu, Jing-Yun

    2016-10-01

    Reactants slow diffusion of Ag(I) salts with 3,4‧-bis(pyridylmethyl)amine (3,4‧-bpma), an unsymmetric bis-pyridyl ligand equipped with a non-innocent amine backbone, afforded polymeric coordination adducts 1-5 having a general formula {[Ag(3,4‧-bpma)(solv)]X}n (solv = H2O, CH3OH, and none; X= CF3CO2-, BF4-, ClO4-, CF3SO3-, and SbF6-). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction (SCXRD) analyses reveal that colorless crystals of Ag(I) coordination polymers (CPs) 1-5 have very similar one-dimensional (1D) non-flat chain structures, which are preferentially depicted as a "zipper-like" rather than a ladder-like or a double-stranded chain topologies. The 3,4‧-bpma ligand in these Ag(I) CPs displays a μ3-bridging mode with a gauche-trans (1,4, and 5) and a trans-trans (2 and 3) conformations. Noteworthy, anions do not show strong influence on structural modulation of Ag(I) CPs in the solid state, but really affect CP conformations and packing fashions, indicative of a ligand-dominated assembly process for such a Ag(I)-3,4‧-bpma system. Thermal stabilities and solid-state photoluminescence properties of crystalline materials 1-5 were investigated.

  17. New mixed ligand zinc(II) complexes based on the antiepileptic drug sodium valproate and bioactive nitrogen-donor ligands. Synthesis, structure and biological properties.

    PubMed

    Darawsheh, Mohanad; Abu Ali, Hijazi; Abuhijleh, A Latif; Rappocciolo, Emilia; Akkawi, Mutaz; Jaber, Suhair; Maloul, Salam; Hussein, Yasmeen

    2014-07-23

    Starting from the precursor [Zinc Valproate complex] (1), new mixed ligand zinc(II) complexes of valproic acid and nitrogen-based ligands, formulating as, [Zn(valp)22,9-dmphen] (2), [Zn2(valp)4(quin)2] (3), [Zn(valp)2(2-ampy)2] (4), and [Zn(valp)2(2-ampic)2] (5) (valp = valproate, 2,9-dmphen = 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline, quin = quinoline, 2-ampy = 2-aminopyridine, 2-ampic = 2-amino-6-picoline) were synthesized and characterized using IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C{(1)H} NMR and UV-Vis spectrometry. The crystal structures of complexes 2, 3 and 4 were determined using single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The complexes were also evaluated for their anti-bacterial activity using in-vitro agar diffusion method against three Gram-positive (Micrococcus luteus, Staphylococcus aureus, and Bacillus subtilis) and three Gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Proteus mirabilis) species. Complex 2 showed considerable activity against all tested microorganisms and the effect of complexation on the anti-bacterial activity of the parent ligand of 2 was also investigated. The anti-bacterial activity of 2,9-dmphen against Gram-negative bacteria was enhanced upon complexation with zinc valproate. On the other hand, complexes 1 and 3 showed weak inhibition activity against the tested species and complexes 4 and 5 didn't show any activity at all. Two methods were used for testing the inhibition of ferriprotoporphyrinIX bio-mineralization: a semi-quantitative micro-assay and a previously self-developed quantitative in-vitro method. Both were used to study the efficiency of these complexes in inhibiting the formation of the Malaria pigment which considered being the target of many known anti-malarial drugs such as Chloroquine and Amodiaquine. Results showed that the efficiency of complex 2 in preventing the formation of β-Hematin was 80%. The efficiency of Amodiaquine as a standard drug was reported to give 91%.

  18. Speciation of cobalt, nickel and zinc-ethylenediaminediacetate complexes with N-heterocycle ligand - Synthesis, spectroscopic and structural studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ji, Jin-Long; Huang, Li-Qing; Cai, Yan; Yu, La-Jia; Zhou, Zhao-Hui

    2011-05-01

    Cobalt, nickel and zinc N-heterocycle chelated ethylenediaminediacetates [Co(edda)(phen)]·(NH 4Cl)·1/3H 2O ( 1), [Ni(edda)(phen)]·3H 2O ( 2), [Co(edda)(bpy)]·(NH 4Cl)·2H 2O ( 3), [Ni(edda)(bpy)]·4H 2O ( 4), [Zn(edda)(bpy)]·4H 2O ( 5) (H 2edda = ethylenediaminediacetic acid, phen = 1,10-phenanthroline, bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine) were isolated in pure forms and characterized spectroscopically. The X-ray structural analyses reveal that neutral mononuclear complexes contain both edda and phen/bpy ligands. Divalent metal ions are octahedrally bound by a bidentate phen or bpy ligand, and a tetradentately edda through carboxyl and amine groups. The co-existences of phen/bpy and edda in the complexes show no decomposition between phen/bpy and edda ligands. This is supported by the trace of 13C NMR spectra with less-bound zinc complex. Further comparisons of the bond distances between Co 2+/Ni 2+/Zn 2+ ions with edda indicate that cobalt and nickel interact much stronger than those of zinc complexes.

  19. Homo- and heteronuclear compounds with a symmetrical bis-hydrazone ligand: synthesis, structural studies, and luminescent properties.

    PubMed

    Rodríguez-Hermida, Sabina; Lago, Ana B; Carballo, Rosa; Fabelo, Oscar; Vázquez-López, Ezequiel M

    2015-04-20

    Nine new coordination compounds have been synthesized by the reaction of salts of bivalent metal ions (a=Zn(II) , b=Cu(II) , c=Ni(II) , d=Co(II) ) with the bis(benzoylhydrazone) derivative of 4,6-diacetylresorcinol (H4 L). Three kinds of complexes have been obtained: homodinuclear compounds [M2 (H2 L)2 ]⋅nH2 O (1 a, 1 b, 1 c, and 1 d), homotetranuclear compounds [M4 (L)2 ]⋅n(solv) (2 a and 2 c), and heterotetranuclear compounds [Zn2 M2 (L)2 ]⋅n(solv) (2 ab, 2 ac, and 2 ad). The structures of the free ligand H4 L⋅2 DMSO and its complexes [Zn2 (H2 L)2 (DMSO)2 ] (1 a*), [Zn4 (L)2 (DMSO)6 ] (2 a*), and [Zn0.45 Cu3.55 (L)2 (DMSO)6 ]⋅2 DMSO (2 ab*) were elucidated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The ligand shows luminescence properties and its fluorimetric behavior towards M(II) metals (M=Zn, Cu, Ni and Co) has been studied. Furthermore, the solid-state luminescence properties of the ligand and compounds have been determined at room temperature. (1) H NMR spectroscopic monitoring of the reaction of H4 L with Zn(II) showed the deprotonation sequence of the OH/NH groups upon metal coordination. Heteronuclear reactions have also been monitored by using ESI-MS and spectrofluorimetric techniques.

  20. Novel amide-type ligand bearing bis-pyridine cores: Synthesis, spectral characterizations and X-ray structure analyses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ke, Shaoyong

    2016-08-01

    The novel salicylamide-type ligand containing bis-pyridine moieties, i.e. 2-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)methoxy)-N-(2-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)methylthio)phenyl)benzamide, which has been successfully synthesized and characterized by typical spectroscopic techniques mainly including IR, 1H NMR and ESI-MS. The structure of target compound was further determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction method and which crystallized in the monoclinic system with space group P2(1)/c.

  1. Synthesis, structures, luminescent and magnetic properties of four coordination polymers with the flexible 1,3-phenylenediacetate ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Gu, Jin-Zhong; Lv, Dong-Yu; Gao, Zhu-Qing; Liu, Jian-Zhao; Dou, Wei; Tang, Yu

    2011-03-15

    Four coordination polymers, [Zn(pda)(bpy)(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n}.nH{sub 2}O (1), [Cd(pda)(prz)(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (2), [Co{sub 3}({mu}{sub 3}-OH){sub 2}(pda){sub 2}(pyz)]{sub n}.2nH{sub 2}O (3) and [Pr{sub 2}(pda){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]{sub n} (4) (H{sub 2}pda=1,3-phenylendiacetic acid, bpy=4,4'-bipyridine, prz=piperazine and pyz=pyrazine) have been hydrothermally synthesized and characterized. Complex 1 is a 1D wheel-like chain structure, which is further extended into a 3D metal-organic supramolecular framework by H-bonds and {pi}-{pi} stacking interactions. Complex 2 is a 1D ladder-like chain structure, which is also further extended into a 3D metal-organic supramolecular framework by H-bonds. Complex 3 possess a 2D sheet structure with infrequent two pairs of double-helix chains. Complex 4 features a 3D structure. Both 1 and 2 display strong blue fluorescent emission at room temperature. Magnetic susceptibility measurements of complexes 3 and 4 exhibit antiferromagnetic interactions between the nearest metal ions, with C=9.99 and 3.43 cm{sup 3} mol{sup -1} K, and {theta}=-23.9 and -46.3 K, respectively. -- Graphical abstract: Four new coordination polymers with 1,3-phenylenediacetate ligands have been hydrothermally synthesized and characterized. Complexes 1 and 2 display strong blue fluorescent emission at room temperature. Magnetic susceptibility measurements of 3 and 4 exhibit antiferromagnetic interactions between the nearest metal centers. Display Omitted Research highlights: > Coordinative property of H{sub 2}pda ligand was shown when bonded by different block metals. > Careful selection of co-ligand and metals resulted in dramatic framework evolution. > (c) The compounds constructed with Zn{sup 2+} and Cd{sup 2+} exhibit strong blue fluorescent emission. > The magneto-structural correlation of the complexes constructed with Co{sup 2+} and Pr{sup 3+} was elucidated.

  2. Influence of metal to ligand molar ratios on the supramolecular structure formation of Cu(II) with diaminopropane and iodide: Synthesis, structure, spectroscopic and DFT studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kharediya, Bhagwan; Shukla, Madhulata; Saha, Satyen; Sunkari, Sailaja

    2014-03-01

    Two new copper(II) complexes with 1,3-diaminopropane and iodide, viz., [{Cu ((1,3-diaminopropane)2 I (I3))}] (1) and [{Cu ((1,3 diaminopropane)2(I)2)}] (2) have been synthesized under self assembly conditions and structurally characterised to observe the structural variations brought about by varying ligand molar ratios, towards studying the effect of external factors on supramolecular structure formation, with a long term goal of obtaining magnetic materials. Corresponding to the variation in metal to ligand molar ratios from one to two, totally different products are obtained whose gross structural features are entirely different. The formation of 1, is unpredicted under given synthetic conditions and hence is interesting. The formation of 2, is as generally expected for the reacting components under given conditions. In case of 1, the metal ion's choice to adopt a square pyramidal geometry by coordinating to two ligand units and a coordinated iodide, even in the absence of sufficient moles of ligand, as in 2, is due to sub-molar ligand ratios complemented by weak hydrogen bonding interactions, operating between the ligand amino hydrogens and coordinated iodide and uncoordinated triiodide moiety. This approach of providing sub-molar amounts of ligand to the metal to satisfy its coordination requirements, appear to be a promising strategy towards obtaining novel solid systems of material relevance. Both the complexes are characterised structurally and spectroscopically. Further, both the structures were satisfactorily modelled by calculations based on Density Functional Theory (DFT), and their UV-visible spectra were analyzed in depth with the help of Time Dependent DFT (TD-DFT).

  3. Synthesis, electronic structure and catalytic activity of ruthenium-iodo-carbonyl complexes with thioether containing NNS donor ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jana, Subrata; Jana, Mahendra Sekhar; Biswas, Sujan; Sinha, Chittaranjan; Mondal, Tapan Kumar

    2014-05-01

    The ruthenium carbonyl complexes 1 and 2 with redox noninnocent NNS donor ligand, 1-methyl-2-{(o-thiomethyl)phenylazo}imidazole (L) have been synthesized and characterized by various analytical and spectroscopic (IR, UV-Vis and 1H NMR) techniques. The complexes exhibit a quasi-reversible one electron Ru(II)/Ru(III) oxidation couple at 1.11 V for 1 and 0.76 V for 2 along with two successive one electron ligand reductions. Catalytic activity of the compounds has been investigated to the oxidation of PhCH2OH to PhCHO, 2-butanol (C4H9OH) to 2-butanone, 1-phenylethanol (PhC2H4OH) to acetophenone, cyclopentanol (C5H9OH) to cyclopentanone, cyclohexanol to cyclohexanone, cycloheptanol to cycloheptanone and cycloctanol to cycloctanone using N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMO) as oxidant. The catalytic efficiency of 2 is greater than complex 1 and well correlate with the metal oxidation potential. DFT, NBO and TDDFT calculations in DFT/B3LYP/6-31G(d)/lanL2TZ(f) method are employed to interpret the structural and electronic features of the complexes.

  4. cis-Dioxomolybdenum(VI) complexes of a new ONN chelating thiosemicarbazidato ligand; Synthesis, characterization, crystal, molecular structures and antioxidant activities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    İlhan Ceylan, Berat; Deniz, Nahide Gulsah; Kahraman, Sibel; Ulkuseven, Bahri

    2015-04-01

    5-Chloro-4-methyl-2-hydroxybenzophenone S-propyl-4-phenyl-thiosemicarbazone (H2L) and its cis-dioxomolybdenum(VI) complexes, in the general formula [MoO2(L)R-OH)] (R: methyl, 1; ethyl, 2; n-propyl, 3; n-butyl, 4; n-pentyl, 5), were synthesized and characterized by micro analysis, electronic, infrared and 1H and 13C NMR spectra. The crystal structures of complexes, 1 and 3, have been solved by direct methods (SIR92) and refined to the residual indexes R1 = 0.098 and R1 = 0.052 respectively. Complexes 1 and 3 are crystallized in the triclinic space group P-1 with Z = 2. The crystal study of complex 1 showed the first example of intermolecular hydrogen bond for this type of molybdenum-thiosemicarbazone complexes. The hydrogen bond is between the hydroxyl proton of attached alcohol and an oxo oxygen (in MoO22+ unit) of another complex molecule, and its bond distance (1.767(1) Å) is shorter than from the σ-coordination bonds in complex 1. Antioxidant activities of the compounds were determined by using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method. Ligand showed 23.61% DPPH radical scavenging activity at 250 mg/L concentration. Cupric Reducing Antioxidant Capacity (CUPRAC) was also evaluated and trolox-equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) values were found for ligand, 1 and 3 as 0.51, 0.33 and 0.30 respectively.

  5. Gallium and indium complexes containing the bis(imino)phenoxide ligand: synthesis, structural characterization and polymerization studies.

    PubMed

    Ghosh, Swarup; Gowda, Ravikumar R; Jagan, Rajamony; Chakraborty, Debashis

    2015-06-14

    A series of gallium and indium complexes containing a bis(imino)phenolate ligand framework were synthesized and completely characterized with different spectroscopic techniques. The molecular structures of a few complexes were determined using single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. These compounds were found to be extremely active towards the bulk ring opening polymerization (ROP) of lactides yielding polymers with high number average molecular weight (Mn) and controlled molecular weight distributions (MWDs). The neutral complexes produce isotactic enriched poly(lactic acid) (PLA) from rac-lactide (rac-LA) under melt conditions, whereas the ionic complex produces atactic PLA. The polymerizations are controlled, as evidenced by the narrow molecular distribution (MWDs) of the isolated polymers in addition to the linear nature of number average molecular weight (Mn) versus conversion plots with variations in monomer to catalyst ratios. The kinetic and mechanistic studies associated with these polymerizations have been performed.

  6. Polymeric networks of copper(II) phenylmalonate with heteroaromatic n-donor ligands: synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties.

    PubMed

    Pasán, Jorge; Sanchiz, Joaquín; Ruiz-Pérez, Catalina; Lloret, Francesc; Julve, Miguel

    2005-10-31

    Two new phenylmalonate-bridged copper(II) complexes with the formulas [Cu(4,4'-bpy)(Phmal)](n).2nH(2)O (1) and [Cu(2,4'-bpy)(Phmal)(H(2)O)](n)() (2) (Phmal = phenylmalonate dianion, 4,4'-bpy = 4,4'-bipyridine, 2,4'-bpy = 2,4'-bipyridine) have been synthesized and characterized by X-ray diffraction. Complex 1 crystallizes in monoclinic space group P2(1), Z = 4, with unit cell parameters of a = 9.0837(6) Angstroms, b = 9.3514(4) Angstroms, c = 11.0831(8) Angstroms, and beta = 107.807(6) degrees , whereas complex 2 crystallizes in orthorhombic space group C2cb, Z = 8, with unit cell parameters of a = 10.1579(7) Angstroms, b = 10.3640(8) Angstroms, and c = 33.313(4) Angstroms. The structures of 1 and 2 consist of layers of copper(II) ions with bridging bis-monodentate phenylmalonate (1 and 2) and 4,4'-bpy (1) ligands and terminal monodentate 2,4'-bpy (2) groups. Each layer in 1 contains rectangles with dimensions of 11.08 x 4.99 Angstroms(2), the edges being defined by the Phmal and 4,4'-bpy ligands. The intralayer copper-copper separations in 1 through the anti-syn equatorial-apical carboxylate-bridge and the 4,4'-bpy molecule are 4.9922(4) and 11.083(1) Angstroms, respectively. The anti-syn equatorial-equatorial carboxylate bridge links the copper(II) atoms in complex 2 within each layer with a mean copper-copper separation of 5.3709(8) Angstroms. The presence of 2,4'-bpy as a terminal ligand accounts for the large interlayer separation of 15.22 Angstroms. The copper(II) environment presents a static pseudo-Jahn-Teller disorder which has been studied by EPR and low-temperature X-ray diffraction. Magnetic susceptibility measurements of both compounds in the temperature range 2-290 K show the occurrence of weak antiferromagnetic [J = -0.59(1) cm(-1) (1)] and ferromagnetic [J = +0.77(1) cm(-1) (2)] interactions between the copper(II) ions. The conformation of the phenylmalonate-carboxylate bridge and other structural factors, such as the planarity of the exchange

  7. Design, Synthesis, Protein−Ligand X-ray Structure, and Biological Evaluation of a Series of Novel Macrocyclic Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Protease Inhibitors to Combat Drug Resistance

    SciTech Connect

    Ghosh, Arun K.; Kulkarni, Sarang; Anderson, David D.; Hong, Lin; Baldridge, Abigail; Wang, Yuan-Fang; Chumanevich, Alexander A.; Kovalevsky, Andrey Y.; Tojo, Yasushi; Amano, Masayuki; Koh, Yasuhiro; Tang, Jordan; Weber, Irene T.; Mitsuya, Hiroaki

    2010-04-05

    The structure-based design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of a series of nonpeptidic macrocyclic HIV protease inhibitors are described. The inhibitors are designed to effectively fill in the hydrophobic pocket in the S1'-S2' subsites and retain all major hydrogen bonding interactions with the protein backbone similar to darunavir (1) or inhibitor 2. The ring size, the effect of methyl substitution, and unsaturation within the macrocyclic ring structure were assessed. In general, cyclic inhibitors were significantly more potent than their acyclic homologues, saturated rings were less active than their unsaturated analogues and a preference for 10- and 13-membered macrocylic rings was revealed. The addition of methyl substituents resulted in a reduction of potency. Both inhibitors 14b and 14c exhibited marked enzyme inhibitory and antiviral activity, and they exerted potent activity against multidrug-resistant HIV-1 variants. Protein-ligand X-ray structures of inhibitors 2 and 14c provided critical molecular insights into the ligand-binding site interactions.

  8. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus Papain-Like Novel Protease Inhibitors: Design, Synthesis, Protein-Ligand X-ray Structure and Biological Evaluation

    SciTech Connect

    Ghosh, Arun K.; Takayama, Jun; Rao, Kalapala Venkateswar; Ratia, Kiira; Chaudhuri, Rima; Mulhearn, Debbie C.; Lee, Hyun; Nichols, Daniel B.; Baliji, Surendranath; Baker, Susan C.; Johnson, Michael E.; Mesecar, Andrew D.

    2012-02-21

    The design, synthesis, X-ray crystal structure, molecular modeling, and biological evaluation of a series of new generation SARS-CoV PLpro inhibitors are described. A new lead compound 3 (6577871) was identified via high-throughput screening of a diverse chemical library. Subsequently, we carried out lead optimization and structure-activity studies to provide a series of improved inhibitors that show potent PLpro inhibition and antiviral activity against SARS-CoV infected Vero E6 cells. Interestingly, the (S)-Me inhibitor 15h (enzyme IC{sub 50} = 0.56 {mu}M; antiviral EC{sub 50} = 9.1 {mu}M) and the corresponding (R)-Me 15g (IC{sub 50} = 0.32 {mu}M; antiviral EC{sub 50} = 9.1 {mu}M) are the most potent compounds in this series, with nearly equivalent enzymatic inhibition and antiviral activity. A protein-ligand X-ray structure of 15g-bound SARS-CoV PLpro and a corresponding model of 15h docked to PLpro provide intriguing molecular insight into the ligand-binding site interactions.

  9. Solvent-induced synthesis of cobalt(II) coordination polymers based on a rigid ligand and flexible carboxylic acid ligands: syntheses, structures and magnetic properties.

    PubMed

    Wang, Ting; Zhang, Chuanlei; Ju, Zemin; Zheng, Hegen

    2015-04-21

    Five new cobalt(ii) coordination architectures, {[Co(L)2(H2O)2]·2H2O·2NO3}n (), {[Co(L)(ppda)]·2H2O}n (), {[Co2(L)(ppda)2]2·H2O}n (), {[Co(L)(nba)]·5H2O}n (), and {[Co(L)(oba)]2·3H2O}n (), have been constructed from the rigid ligand L [L = 2,8-di(1H-imidazol-1-yl)dibenzofuran] and different flexible carboxylic acid ligands [H2ppda = 4,4'-(perfluoropropane-2,2-diyl)dibenzoic acid, H2nba = 4,4'-azanediyldibenzoic acid, and H2oba = 4,4'-oxydibenzoic acid]. Depending on the nature of the solvent systems, these five different coordination polymers were synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, IR, PXRD and elemental analysis. Compounds , and were obtained by a one-pot method, and then we utilized the solvent-induced effect to obtain almost pure crystals of , respectively. Compound is an infinite 1D chain which is formed by L ligands and Co atoms. Compound contains a [Co2(CO2)4] secondary building unit (SBU), and can be topologically represented as a 6-connected 2-fold interpenetrating pcu net with the point symbol of {4(12)·6(3)}. Compound can be characterized as a 4-connected sql tetragonal planar network with the point symbol of {4(4)·6(2)}. In compounds and , there is a 1D chain which is formed by flexible carboxylic acid ligands and Co atoms; then the 1D chain is linked by L ligands in the tilting direction, leading to the formation of a 2D layer. Furthermore, UV-vis, TGA and magnetic properties have been investigated in detail. PMID:25778448

  10. Synthesis, crystal structures and properties of three new mixed-ligand d{sup 10} metal complexes constructed from pyridinecarboxylate and in situ generated amino-tetrazole ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Liu Dongsheng; Huang, Xihe; Huang Changcang; Huang Gansheng; Chen Jianzhong

    2009-07-15

    Three new metal-organic frameworks, [Zn(atz)(nic)]{sub n}(1), [Zn(atz)(isonic)]{sub n}.nHisonic(2) and [Cd(atz)(isonic)]{sub n}(3) (Hnic=nicotinic acid, Hisonic=isonicotinic acid), have been firstly synthesized by employing mixed-ligand of pyridinecarboxylate with the in situ generated ligand of 5-amino-tetrazolate(atz{sup -}), and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, TGA and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The results revealed that 1 presents a two-dimensional (2D) 'sql' topological network constructed from the linear chain subunit of Zn(nic){sub 2} and atz{sup -} ligand. A remarkable feature of 2 is a 2-fold interpenetrated diamondoid network with free Hisonic molecules locating in the channels formed by the zigzag chain subunits of Zn(isonic){sub 2}. Complex 3 is a 3D non-interpenetrated pillared framework constructed from the double chain subunits of Cd-COO{sup -}Cd. It possesses a rarely observed (4,6)-connected 'fsc' topology. The thermal stabilities and fluorescent properties of the complexes were investigated. All of these complexes exhibited intense fluorescent emissions in the solid state at room temperature. - Graphical abstract: Three new mixed-ligand d{sup 10} metal complexes have been synthesized by employing mixed-ligand synthetic approach. Complex 1 presents a 2D 'sql' topological network. Complex 2 is a 2-fold interpenetrated diamondoid network with microporous channels. Rarely observed (4,6)-connected 'fsc' topological network was found in complex 3.

  11. Ruthenium terpyridine complexes containing a pyrrole-tagged 2,2'-dipyridylamine ligand-synthesis, crystal structure, and electrochemistry.

    PubMed

    Cheung, Kwong-Chak; Guo, Peng; So, Ming-Him; Zhou, Zhong-Yuan; Lee, Lawrence Yoon Suk; Wong, Kwok-Yin

    2012-06-18

    Ruthenium(II) terpyridine complexes containing the pyrrole-tagged 2,2'-dipyridylamine ligand PPP (where PPP stands for N-(3-bis(2-pyridyl)aminopropyl)pyrrole with the general formula [Ru(tpy)(PPP)X](n+) (1, X = Cl(-); 2, X = H(2)O; 3, X = CH(3)CN; tpy = 2,2':6',2"-terpyridine) have been synthesized and characterized by (1)H NMR, IR, UV-vis, mass spectrometry, and elemental analysis. 1 and 2 have been structurally characterized by X-ray crystallography. Both 1 and 2 were successfully immobilized onto glassy carbon electrode via anodic oxidation of the pyrrole moiety on the PPP ligand to give stable and highly electroactive polymer films. Cyclic voltammetric studies of 1 in acetonitrile revealed a Ru(III)/Ru(II) couple at 0.4 V vs Cp(2)Fe(+/0) initially, but another redox couple resulting from chloride substitution by acetonitrile developed at E(1/2) = 0.82 V upon repetitive potential scan. This ligand substitution was induced by the acidic local environment caused by the release of protons during pyrrole polymerization. The electropolymerization of 2 in aqueous medium allowed the observation of the formation of Ru(IV)═O species in polypyrrole film. As the film grew thicker, the size of the Ru(III)/(/)Ru(II) couple (E(1/2) = 0.8 V vs SCE at pH 1) of poly[Ru(tpy)(PPP)(OH(2))](n+) increased accordingly, whereas the growth of the Ru(IV)/Ru(III) couple (E(1/2) = 0.89 V vs SCE at pH 1) leveled off after the film had reached a certain thickness. The Pourbaix diagram of the E(1/2) of the Ru(III) /Ru(II) and Ru(IV)/Ru(III) couples vs pH of the electrolyte medium has been obtained. The resulting poly[Ru(tpy)(PPP)(OH(2))](n+) film is electrocatalytically active toward the oxidation of benzyl alcohol.

  12. Macrocyclic and lantern complexes of palladium(II) with bis(amidopyridine) ligands: synthesis, structure, and host-guest chemistry.

    PubMed

    Yue, Nancy L S; Eisler, Dana J; Jennings, Michael C; Puddephatt, Richard J

    2004-11-29

    The reactions of [PdCl2(NCPh)2] in a 1:1 ratio with the bis(amidopyridine) ligands LL=C6H3(5-R)(1,3-CONH-3-C5H4N)2 with R=H (1a) or R=t-Bu (1b) give the corresponding neutral dipalladium(II) macrocycles trans,trans-[Pd2Cl4(mu-LL)2], 2a and 2b, which crystallize from dimethylformamide with one or two solvent molecules as macrocycle guests. The reaction of [PdCl2(NCPh)2] with LL in a 1:2 ratio gave the cationic lantern complex [Pd2(mu-LL)4]Cl4, 3c (LL=1b), and the reaction in the presence of AgO2CCF3 gave the corresponding trifluoroacetate salts [Pd2(mu-LL)4](CF3CO2)4, 3a (LL=1a) and 3b (LL=1b). These lantern complexes exhibit a remarkable host-guest chemistry, as they can encapsulate cations, anions, and water molecules by interaction of the guest with either the electrophilic NH or the nucleophilic C=O substituents of the amide groups, which can be directed toward the center of the lantern through easy conformational change. The structures of several of these host-guest complexes were determined, and it was found that the cavity size and shape vary according to the ligand conformation, with Pd...Pd separations in the range from 9.45 to 11.95 A. Supramolecular ordering of the lanterns was observed in the solid state, through either hydrogen bonding or secondary bonding to the cationic palladium(II) centers. The selective inclusion by the lantern complexes of alkali metal ions in the sequence Na+ > K+ > Li+ was observed by ESI-MS.

  13. Rhenium(IV)-copper(II) heterobimetallic complexes with a bridge malonato ligand. Synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties.

    PubMed

    Cuevas, Alicia; Chiozzone, Raúl; Kremer, Carlos; Suescun, Leopoldo; Mombrú, Alvaro; Armentano, Donatella; De Munno, Giovanni; Lloret, Francesc; Cano, Juan; Faus, Juan

    2004-11-29

    The Re(IV) complex [ReCl4(mal)]2-, in the form of two slightly different salts, (AsPh4)1.5(HNEt3)0.5[ReCl4(mal)] (1a) and (AsPh4)(HNEt3)[ReCl4(mal)] (1b), and the Re(IV)-Cu(II) bimetallic complexes [ReCl4(mu-mal)Cu(phen)2].CH3CN (2), [ReCl4(mu-mal)Cu(bpy)2] (3), and [ReCl4(mu-mal)Cu(terpy)] (4) (mal=malonate dianion, AsPh4=tetraphenylarsonium cation, HNEt3=triethylammonium cation, phen=1,10-phenanthroline, bpy=2,2'-bipyridine and terpy=2,2':6',2' '-terpyridine) have been synthesized and the structures of 1a, 1b, 2, and 3 determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The structures of 1a and 1b are made up of discrete [ReCl4(mal)]2- anions and AsPh4+ and HNEt3+ cations, held together by electrostatic forces and hydrogen bonds. The Re(IV) atom is surrounded by four chloride anions and a bidentate malonate group, in a distorted octahedral environment. The structure of 2 consist of neutral dinuclear units [ReCl4(mu-mal)Cu(phen)2], with the metal ions united through a bridge carboxilato. The environment of Re(IV) is nearly identical to that in the mononuclear complex, and Cu(II) is five coordinate, being surrounded by four nitrogen atoms of two bidentate phen ligands and one oxygen atom of the malonato ligand. In 3, there are also dinuclear units, [ReCl4(mu-mal)Cu(bpy)2], but the Cu(II) ions complete a distorted octahedral coordination by binding with the free malonato oxygen atom of a neighbor unit, resulting in an infinite chain. The magnetic properties of 1-4 were also investigated in the temperature range 2.0-300 K. The magnetic behavior of 1a and 1b is as expected for a Re(IV) complex with a large value of the zero-field splitting (2D ca. 110 cm(-1)). For the bimetallic complexes, the magnetic coupling between Re(IV) and Cu(II) is antiferromagnetic in 2 (J=-0.39 cm(-1)), ferromagnetic in 4 (J=+1.51 cm(-1)), and nearly negligible in 3 (J=-0.09 cm(-1)).

  14. Diniobium inverted sandwich complexes with μ-η6:η6-arene ligands: synthesis, kinetics of formation, and electronic structure.

    PubMed

    Gianetti, Thomas L; Nocton, Grégory; Minasian, Stefan G; Tomson, Neil C; Kilcoyne, A L David; Kozimor, Stosh A; Shuh, David K; Tyliszczak, Tolek; Bergman, Robert G; Arnold, John

    2013-02-27

    Monometallic niobium arene complexes [Nb(BDI)(N(t)Bu)(R-C(6)H(5))] (2a: R = H and 2b: R = Me, BDI = N,N'-diisopropylbenzene-β-diketiminate) were synthesized and found to undergo slow conversion into the diniobium inverted arene sandwich complexes [[(BDI)Nb(N(t)Bu)](2)(μ-RC(6)H(5))] (7a: R = H and 7b: R = Me) in solution. The kinetics of this reaction were followed by (1)H NMR spectroscopy and are in agreement with a dissociative mechanism. Compounds 7a-b showed a lack of reactivity toward small molecules, even at elevated temperatures, which is unusual in the chemistry of inverted sandwich complexes. However, protonation of the BDI ligands occurred readily on treatment with [H(OEt(2))][B(C(6)F(5))(4)], resulting in the monoprotonated cationic inverted sandwich complex 8 [[(BDI(#))Nb(N(t)Bu)][(BDI)Nb(N(t)Bu)](μ-C(6)H(5))][B(C(6)F(5))(4)] and the dicationic complex 9 [[(BDI(#))Nb(N(t)Bu)](2)(μ-RC(6)H(5))][B(C(6)F(5))(4)](2) (BDI(#) = (ArNC(Me))(2)CH(2)). NMR, UV-vis, and X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopies were used to characterize this unique series of diamagnetic molecules as a means of determining how best to describe the Nb-arene interactions. The X-ray crystal structures, UV-vis spectra, arene (1)H NMR chemical shifts, and large J(CH) coupling constants provide evidence for donation of electron density from the Nb d-orbitals into the antibonding π system of the arene ligands. However, Nb L(3,2)-edge XANES spectra and the lack of sp(3) hybridization of the arene carbons indicate that the Nb → arene donation is not accompanied by an increase in Nb formal oxidation state and suggests that 4d(2) electronic configurations are appropriate to describe the Nb atoms in all four complexes.

  15. Two- and three-dimensional networks of gadolinium(III) with dicarboxylate ligands: synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties.

    PubMed

    Cañadillas-Delgado, Laura; Pasan, Jorge; Fabelo, Oscar; Hernandez-Molina, María; Lloret, Francesc; Julve, Miguel; Ruiz-Pérez, Catalina

    2006-12-25

    Four gadolinium(III) complexes with dicarboxylate ligands of formulas [Gd2(mal)3(H2O)5]n.2nH2O (1), [Gd2(mal)3(H2O)6]n (2), [NaGd(mal)(ox)(H2O)3]n (3), and [Gd2(ox)3(H2O)6]n.2.5nH2O (4) (mal = malonate; ox = oxalate) have been prepared, and their magnetic properties have been investigated as a function of the temperature. The structures of 1-3 have been determined by X-ray diffraction methods. The crystal structure of 4 was already known, and it is made of hexagonal layers of Gd atoms that are bridged by bis-bidentate oxalate. Compound 1 is isostructural with the europium(III) malonate complex [Eu2(mal)3(H2O)5]n.2nH2O,1 whose structure was reported elsewhere. The Gd atoms in 1 define a two-dimensional network where a terminal bidentate and bridging bidentate/bis-monodentate and tris-bidentate coordination modes of malonate occur. Compound 2 has a three-dimensional structure with a structural phase transition at 226 K, which involves a change of the space group from I2/a to Ia. Although its structure at room temperature was already known, that below 226 K was not. Pairs of Gd atoms with a double oxo-carboxylate bridge occur in both phases, and the main differences between both structures deal with the Gd environment and the H-bond pattern. 3 is also a three-dimensional compound, and it was obtained by reacting Gd(III) ions with malonic acid in a silica gel medium. Oxalic acid results as an oxidized product of the malonic acid, and single crystals of the heteroleptic complex were produced. The Gd atoms in 3 are connected through bis-bidentate oxalate and carboxylate-malonate bridges in the anti-anti and anti-syn coordination modes. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibit weak but significant ferromagnetic couplings between the Gd(III) ions through the single (1) and double (2) oxo-carboxylate bridges, whereas antiferromagnetic interactions across the bis-bidentate oxalate account for the overall antiferromagnetic behavior observed in 3 and 4.

  16. Synthesis, structure, and photoluminescence of ZnII and CdII coordination complexes constructed by structurally related 5,6-substituted pyrazine-2,3-dicarboxylate ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Yun-Wu; Tao, Ying; Hu, Tong-Liang

    2012-08-01

    Aiming at exploring the effect of substituting groups of three structurally related ligands, 5,6-diethyl-pyrazine-2,3-dicarboxylic acid (H2L1), 5,6-diphenyl-pyrazine-2,3-dicarboxylic acid (H2L2), and dibenzo[f,h]quinoxaline-2,3-dicarboxylic acid (H2L3), seven new coordination polymers constructed from these three substituted dicarboxylate ligands, {[Zn(L1)(H2O)3]·2H2O}∞ (1), {[Cd2(L2ʹ)4(H2O)]·3H2O}∞ (2), [Zn(L2)(CH3OH)]∞ (3), {[Zn(L2)(H2O)2]·H2O}∞ (4), {[Zn(L2ʹ)]·H2O}∞ (5), [Zn2(L3)(DMF)4]∞(6), [Zn(L3)(2,2ʹ-bipy)(H2O)]∞(7), have been prepared and structurally characterized. 1 is a 1D chain structure in which ZnII ion is six-coordinated with octahedron geometry. 2 is also a 1D chain structure in which there are two crystallographically independent CdII ions in the asymmetric unit and exist transformative L2ʹ ligands in the resulting complex. 3 and 4 both possess 2D layer network with the same (4, 82) topology, while the two complexes take different coordination modes during the forming of the compounds. 5 has a 1D chain structure based on the transformative L2ʹ ligand in which ZnII ion is five-coordinated with bipyramidal geometry. 6 and 7 both have 1D chain structure constructed from L3 ligand. Thereinto, ZnII ion in 6 is five-coordinated by three oxygen atoms from two individual L3 ligands and two oxygen atoms from two DMF molecules. While in 7 there are also five coordination sites occupied by two carboxylate oxygen atoms from two L3 ligands. In addition, the compounds are characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectra. The luminescent properties of the compounds are also discussed and exhibit strong fluorescent emissions in the solid state.

  17. Synthesis, crystal structures, luminescence and catalytic properties of two d10 metal coordination polymers constructed from mixed ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xiao-xiao; Zhang, Ming-xi; Yu, Baoyi; Van Hecke, Kristof; Cui, Guang-hua

    2015-03-01

    Two new coordination polymers [Cd(bmb)(hmph)]n (1), {[Ag(bmb)]·H2btc}n (2) (bmb = 1,4-bis(2-methylbenzimidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene, H2hmph = homophthalic acid, H3btc = 1,3,5-benzenetetracarboxylic acid) were synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction methods, IR spectroscopy, TGA, XRPD and elemental analysis. Complex 1 features a 3D threefold interpenetrating dia array with a 4-connected 66 topology. Complex 2 shows a 1D helix chain structure connected by L1 ligands, which is finally extended into a rarely 2D 4L2 supramolecular network via C-H⋯O hydrogen bond interactions. In addition, the luminescence and catalytic properties of the two complexes for the degradation of the methyl orange azo dye in a Fenton-like process were presented. The degradation efficiency of the methyl orange azo dye for 1 and 2 are 56% and 96%, respectively.

  18. A novel bis tridentate bipyridine carboxamide ligand and its complexation to copper(II): synthesis, structure, and magnetism.

    PubMed

    Wang, Jian; Djukic, Brandon; Cao, Jingyi; Alberola, Antonio; Razavi, Fereidoon S; Pilkington, Melanie

    2007-10-15

    A new bis tridentate ligand 2,2'-bipyridine-3,3'-[2-pyridinecarboxamide] H(2)L(1) which can bind transition metal ions has been synthesized via the condensation of 3,3'-diamino-2,2'-bipyridine together with 2-pyridine carbonyl chloride. Two copper(II) coordination compounds have been prepared and characterized: [Cu(2)(L(1))(hfac)(2)].3CH(3)CN.H(2)O (1) and [Cu(2)(L(1))Cl(2)].CH(3)CN (2). The single-crystal X-ray structures reveal that complex 1 crystallizes in the triclinic space group P1, with the unit cell parameters a = 12.7185(6) A, b = 17.3792(9) A, c = 19.4696(8) A, alpha = 110.827(2) degrees, beta = 99.890(3) degrees, gamma = 97.966(3) degrees, V = 3868.3(3) A3, Z = 4, R = 0.0321 and R(w) = 0.0826. Complex 2 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2(1)/n with the unit cell parameters a = 12.8622(12) A, b = 9.6100(10) A, c = 19.897(2) A, beta = 102.027(3) degrees, V = 2405.3(4) A(3), Z = 4, R = 0.0409 and R(w) = 0.1005. In both complexes the ligand is in the dianionic form and coordinates the divalent Cu(II) ions via one amido and two pyridine nitrogen donor atoms. In 1, the coordination geometry around both Cu(II) ions is best described as distorted trigonal bipyramidal where the remaining two coordination sites are satisfied by hexafluoroacetylacetonate counterions. In 2 both Cu(II )ions adopt a (4 + 1) distorted square pyramidal geometry. One copper forms a longer apical bond to an adjacent carbonyl oxygen atom, whereas the second copper is chelated to a neighboring Cu-Cl chloride ion to afford a mu-Cl-bridged dimerized [Cu(2)(L(1))Cl(2)](2) complex. The magnetic susceptibility data for 1 (2 -270 K), reveal the occurrence of weak antiferromagnetic interactions between the Cu(II) ions. In contrast, variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements for 2 reveal more complex magnetic properties, with the presence of a weak antiferromagnetic exchange (J = -10.1 K) between the copper ions in each dinuclear copper complex and a stronger ferromagnetic

  19. Ligand redox effects in the synthesis, electronic structure, and reactivity of an alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling catalyst.

    PubMed

    Jones, Gavin D; Martin, Jason L; McFarland, Chris; Allen, Olivia R; Hall, Ryan E; Haley, Aireal D; Brandon, R Jacob; Konovalova, Tatyana; Desrochers, Patrick J; Pulay, Peter; Vicic, David A

    2006-10-11

    The ability of the terpyridine ligand to stabilize alkyl complexes of nickel has been central in obtaining a fundamental understanding of the key processes involved in alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling reactions. Here, mechanistic studies using isotopically labeled (TMEDA)NiMe(2) (TMEDA = N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine) have shown that an important catalyst in alkyl-alkyl cross-coupling reactions, (tpy')NiMe (2b, tpy' = 4,4',4' '-tri-tert-butylterpyridine), is not produced via a mechanism that involves the formation of methyl radicals. Instead, it is proposed that (terpyridine)NiMe complexes arise via a comproportionation reaction between a Ni(II)-dimethyl species and a Ni(0) fragment in solution upon addition of a terpyridine ligand to (TMEDA)NiMe(2). EPR and DFT studies on the paramagnetic (terpyridine)NiMe (2a) both suggest that the unpaired electron resides heavily on the terpyridine ligand and that the proper electronic description of this nickel complex is a Ni(II)-methyl cation bound to a reduced terpyridine ligand. Thus, an important consequence of these results is that alkyl halide reduction by (terpyridine)NiR(alkyl) complexes appears to be substantially ligand based. A comprehensive survey investigating the catalytic reactivity of related ligand derivatives suggests that electronic factors only moderately influence reactivity in the terpyridine-based catalysis and that the most dramatic effects arise from steric and solubility factors.

  20. Polycatenar Ligand Control of the Synthesis and Self-Assembly of Colloidal Nanocrystals.

    PubMed

    Diroll, Benjamin T; Jishkariani, Davit; Cargnello, Matteo; Murray, Christopher B; Donnio, Bertrand

    2016-08-24

    Hydrophobic colloidal nanocrystals are typically synthesized and manipulated with commercially available ligands, and surface functionalization is therefore typically limited to a small number of molecules. Here, we report the use of polycatenar ligands derived from polyalkylbenzoates for the direct synthesis of metallic, chalcogenide, pnictide, and oxide nanocrystals. Polycatenar molecules, branched structures bearing diverging chains in which the terminal substitution pattern, functionality, and binding group can be independently modified, offer a modular platform for the development of ligands with targeted properties. Not only are these ligands used for the direct synthesis of monodisperse nanocrystals, but nanocrystals coated with polycatenar ligands self-assemble into softer bcc superlattices that deviate from conventional harder close-packed structures (fcc or hcp) formed by the same nanocrystals coated with commercial ligands. Self-assembly experiments demonstrate that the molecular structure of polycatenar ligands encodes interparticle spacings and attractions, engineering self-assembly, which is tunable from hard sphere to soft sphere behavior. PMID:27472457

  1. Synthesis, crystal structures and luminescent properties of zinc(II) metal–organic frameworks constructed from terpyridyl derivative ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, Xiao-Le; Shangguan, Yi-Qing; Hu, Huai-Ming Xu, Bing; Wang, Bao-Cheng; Xie, Juan; Yuan, Fei; Yang, Meng-Lin; Dong, Fa-Xin; Xue, Gang-Lin

    2014-08-15

    Five zinc(II) metal–organic frameworks, [Zn{sub 3}(344-pytpy){sub 2}Cl{sub 6}]{sub n}·n(H{sub 2}O) (1), [Zn(344-pytpy)(ox)]{sub n} (2), [Zn{sub 2}(344-pytpy)(bdc){sub 2}]{sub n}·1.5n(H{sub 2}O) (3), [Zn{sub 2}(344-pytpy){sub 2} (sfdb){sub 2}]{sub n}·1.5n(H{sub 2}O) (4) and [Zn{sub 3}(344-pytpy){sub 2}(btc){sub 2}]{sub n}·2n(H{sub 2}O) (5), (344-pytpy=4′-(3-pyridyl)-4,2′:6′,4″-terpyridine, H{sub 2}ox=oxalic acid, H{sub 2}bdc=1,4-benzenedi-carboxylic acid, H{sub 2}sfdb=4,4′-sulfonyldibenzoic acid and H{sub 3}btc=1,3,5-benzene-tricarboxylic acid) have been prepared by hydrothermal reactions. Compound 1 is a 1D chain structure, in which 344-pytpy ligand links three Zn{sup II} centers through three of terminal N-donors. Compound 2 is a 4-connected 3D framework with the dia topological net and the Schläfli symbol of 6{sup 6}. Compound 3 displays a unusual 3-fold interpenetrating 3D coordination network which exhibits a new intriguing (3,3,4)-connected topological net with the Schläfli symbol of (4.8{sup 2})(4.8{sup 5})(8{sup 3}). Compound 4 features a two-fold interpenetrating 4-connected 2D framework with the sql topological net and the Schläfli symbol of (4{sup 4}.6{sup 2}). Compound 5 is a new self-interpenetrating (3,3,4,4)-connected topological net with the Schläfli symbol of (6.8{sup 2}){sub 2}(6{sup 2}.8{sup 2}.10.12)(6{sup 2}.8{sup 3}.10){sub 2}(6{sup 2}.8){sub 2}. The luminescence properties of 1–5 have been investigated by emission spectra and they possess great thermal stabilities which can be stable up to around 400 °C. - Graphical abstract: Five new Zn(II) metal–organic frameworks based on dicarboxylate and terpyridyl derivative ligands have been synthesized by hydrothermal reactions, giving networks from 1D to 3D structures. The thermal stability and luminescent property have been investigated. - Highlights: • Five zinc(II) metal–organic frameworks have been prepared under hydrothermal conditions. • Their crystal and

  2. Synthesis, structural elucidation, biological, antioxidant and nuclease activities of some 5-Fluorouracil-amino acid mixed ligand complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shobana, Sutha; Subramaniam, Perumal; Mitu, Liviu; Dharmaraja, Jeyaprakash; Arvind Narayan, Sundaram

    2015-01-01

    Some biologically active mixed ligand complexes (1-9) have been synthesized from 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU; A) and amino acids (B) such as glycine (gly), L-alanine (ala) and L-valine (val) with Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) ions. The synthesized mixed ligand complexes (1-9) were characterized by various physico-chemical, spectral, thermal and morphological studies. 5-Fluorouracil and its mixed ligand complexes have been tested for their in vitro biological activities against some pathogenic bacterial and fungal species by the agar well diffusion method. The in vitro antioxidant activities of 5-Fluorouracil and its complexes have also been investigated by using the DPPH assay method. The results demonstrate that Cu(II) mixed ligand complexes (4-6) exhibit potent biological as well as antioxidant activities compared to 5-Fluorouracil and Ni(II) (1-3) and Zn(II) (7-9) mixed ligand complexes. Further, the cleaving activities of CT DNA under aerobic conditions show moderate activity with the synthesized Cu(II) and Ni(II) mixed ligand complexes (1-6) while no activity is seen with Zn(II) complexes (7-9). Binding studies of CT DNA with these complexes show a decrease in intensity of the charge transfer band to the extent of 5-15% along with a minor red shift. The free energy change values (Δ‡G) calculated from intrinsic binding constants indicate that the interaction between mixed ligand complex and DNA is spontaneous.

  3. Synthesis and structure of silver complexes with nicotinate-type ligands having antibacterial activities against clinically isolated antibiotic resistant pathogens.

    PubMed

    Abu-Youssef, Morsy A M; Dey, Raja; Gohar, Yousry; Massoud, Alshima'a A; Ohrström, Lars; Langer, Vratislav

    2007-07-23

    The synthesis and low-temperature X-ray crystal structures of five new silver complexes, [Ag(2)-mu-O,O'(2-aminonicotinium)(2)(NO(3))(2)](n) (7), [Ag(isonicotinamide)(2)-mu-O,O'(NO(3))](2) (8), [Ag(ethyl nicotinate)(2)](NO(3)) (9), [Ag(ethyl isonicotinate)(2)(NO(3))] (10), and [Ag(methyl isonicotinate)(2)(H(2)O)](NO(3)) (11), are presented and fully characterized by spectral and elemental analysis. The antimicrobial activities of these complexes were screened using 12 different clinical isolates belonging to four pathogenic bacteria, S. aureus, S. pyogenes, P. mirabilis, and Ps. Aeruginosa, all obtained from diabetic foot ulcers. These tested bacteria were resistant for at least 10 antibiotics commonly used for treatment of diabetic foot ulcers. Compounds 7 and 8 had considerable activity against Ps. Aeruginosa (MIC values 2-8 microg/mL), compound 9 against S. aureus (MIC 4-16 microg/mL) and S. pyogenes (MIC 2-4 microg/mL), and also 9 and 11 against P. mirabilis (MIC 1-16 microg/mL). All complexes were non-toxic for daphnia at concentrations above 512 microg/mL overnight.

  4. A 3D porous zinc MOF constructed from a flexible tripodal ligand: Synthesis, structure, and photoluminescence property

    SciTech Connect

    Wen Lili; Wang Dong'e; Wang Chenggang; Wang Feng; Li Dongfeng Deng Kejian

    2009-03-15

    A new metal-organic framework, [Zn{sub 5}(trencba){sub 2}(OH){sub 2}Cl{sub 2}.4H{sub 2}O] (1) [H{sub 3}trencba=N,N,N',N',N'',N''-tris[(4-carboxylate-2-yl)methyl]-tris (2-aminoethyl)amine], constructed from a flexible tripodal ligand based on C{sub 3} symmetric tris(2-aminoethyl)amine, has been synthesized hydrothermally and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, TG, XRD and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Compound 1 contains an unprecedented linear penta-nuclear zinc cluster fragment. Each ligand links four penta-nuclear fragments, and every fragment links eight ligands to generate a three-dimensional non-interpenetrated porous framework. The uncoordinated water molecules were observed trapped in the void pores. Compound 1 represents the first example of (6,8)-connected 3D bi-nodal framework based on a single kind of organic ligand. The photoluminescence measurements showed that complex 1 exhibits relatively stronger blue emissions at room temperature than that of the ligand. - Graphical abstract: The MOF [Zn{sub 5}(trencba){sub 2}(OH){sub 2}Cl{sub 2}.4H{sub 2}O] (H{sub 3}trencba=N,N,N',N',N',N'-tris[(4-carboxylate-2-yl)methyl]-tris (2-aminoethyl)amine) reveals a (6,8)-connected bi-nodal three-dimensional porous framework with unprecedented penta-nuclear fragment, which appears to be a good candidate of hybrid inorganic-organic photoactive materials.

  5. Synthesis, crystal structures and luminescent properties of zinc(II) metal-organic frameworks constructed from terpyridyl derivative ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Xiao-Le; Shangguan, Yi-Qing; Hu, Huai-Ming; Xu, Bing; Wang, Bao-Cheng; Xie, Juan; Yuan, Fei; Yang, Meng-Lin; Dong, Fa-Xin; Xue, Gang-Lin

    2014-08-01

    Five zinc(II) metal-organic frameworks, [Zn3(344-pytpy)2Cl6]n·n(H2O) (1), [Zn(344-pytpy)(ox)]n (2), [Zn2(344-pytpy)(bdc)2]n·1.5n(H2O) (3), [Zn2(344-pytpy)2 (sfdb)2]n·1.5n(H2O) (4) and [Zn3(344-pytpy)2(btc)2]n·2n(H2O) (5), (344-pytpy=4‧-(3-pyridyl)-4,2‧:6‧,4″-terpyridine, H2ox=oxalic acid, H2bdc=1,4-benzenedi-carboxylic acid, H2sfdb=4,4‧-sulfonyldibenzoic acid and H3btc=1,3,5-benzene-tricarboxylic acid) have been prepared by hydrothermal reactions. Compound 1 is a 1D chain structure, in which 344-pytpy ligand links three ZnII centers through three of terminal N-donors. Compound 2 is a 4-connected 3D framework with the dia topological net and the Schläfli symbol of 66. Compound 3 displays a unusual 3-fold interpenetrating 3D coordination network which exhibits a new intriguing (3,3,4)-connected topological net with the Schläfli symbol of (4.82)(4.85)(83). Compound 4 features a two-fold interpenetrating 4-connected 2D framework with the sql topological net and the Schläfli symbol of (44.62). Compound 5 is a new self-interpenetrating (3,3,4,4)-connected topological net with the Schläfli symbol of (6.82)2(62.82.10.12)(62.83.10)2(62.8)2. The luminescence properties of 1-5 have been investigated by emission spectra and they possess great thermal stabilities which can be stable up to around 400 °C.

  6. Synthesis and structural and magnetic characterisation of cobalt(ii) complexes of mixed phosphonate-antimonate ligands.

    PubMed

    Ali, Shoaib; Muryn, Christopher A; Tuna, Floriana; Winpenny, Richard E P

    2010-10-28

    The polynucleating oxygen donor ligands, [(SbAr)(4)O(2)(PhPO(3)H)(4)(PhPO(3))(4)] 1 and [(SbAr)(2)O(HO(3)P(t)Bu)(6)] 2, based on condensation of p-chlorophenylstibonic acid (ArSbO(3)H(2)) and phosphonic acids, were used to prepare polymetallic cobalt(ii) complexes. Reaction of 1 with cobalt acetate under solvothermal conditions produces three different types of polymetallic cobalt complexes. With LiOMe/pyridine as base in MeOH a dinuclear cobalt cage, [Co(2)(SbAr)(4)O(4)(O(3)PPh)(4)(OMe)(4)py(2)] 3, is formed, with four Sb(ii) and two Co(ii) centres bridged by μ(3)-oxides and phosphonates. The pyridine in the structure can be replaced by 3-picoline 4, 4-picoline 5, quinoline 6, 1,2-diazole 7, 4-phenylpyridine 8, 4-ethyl pyridine 9 and methanol 10. Using pyrazine (pyz) instead of pyridine under the same conditions a polymer, [Co(2)(SbAr)(4)O(4)(O(3)PPh)(4)(OMe)(4)(C(4)H(4)N(2))](n)11, is formed. A similar 1D-polymer forms with 4,4'-bipyridyl-ethylene 12 in place of pyrazine. With Et(3)N/pyridine as base in MeCN a tetranuclear cobalt cage, [Co(4)(SbAr)(5)O(9)(O(3)PPh)(6)(py)(4)] 13, with five Sb(ii) centres forming a "bowtie" and bridging to four Co(ii) centres by phosphonates and μ(3)-oxides, is formed. The reaction of 2 with cobalt acetate using LiOMe/pyridine as base in methanol, under solvothermal conditions, produces a dinuclear Co(ii) complex, [Co(2)(SbAr)(2)(O(3)P(t)Bu)(3)O(2)(OMe)(2)(py)(2)] 14, with two Co(II) and two Sb centres at the vertices of a distorted tetrahedron. Magnetic measurements on selected number of these cobalt cages are reported.

  7. Synthesis, structure, terahertz spectroscopy and luminescent properties of copper(I) complexes with mercaptan ligands and triphenylphosphine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qiu, Qi-Ming; Liu, Min; Li, Zhong-Feng; Jin, Qiong-Hua; Huang, Xu; Zhang, Zhen-Wei; Zhang, Cun-Lin; Meng, Qing-Xuan

    2014-03-01

    The reactions of copper(I) halides with triphenylphosphine (PPh3) and mercaptan ligand [2-mercapto-6-nitrobenzothiazole (HMNBT), 2-amino-5-mercapto-1,3,4-thiadiazole (HAMTD) and 2-mercapto-5-methyl-benzimidazole (MMBD)] yielded seven complexes, [CuCl(HMNBT)(PPh3)2] (1), [CuX(HMNBT)(PPh3)]2 (X = Cl, Br) (2-3), [Cu(MNBT)(HMNBT)(PPh3)2] (4), [CuBr(HAMTD)(PPh3)2]·CH3OH (5) and [CuX(MMBD)(PPh3)2]·2CH3OH (X = Br, I) (6-7). These complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, X-ray diffraction, 1H NMR and 31P NMR spectroscopy. In these complexes the mercaptan ligands act as monodentate or bridged ligand with S as the coordination atom. In complexes 1 and 4, hydrogen bonds CH⋯X and weak interactions CH⋯π lead to the formation of chains and 2D network respectively, while complexes 2 and 3 are dinuclear. In 5-7, intramolecular hydrogen bonds link the [CuX(thione)(PPh3)2] molecules and the solvated methanol molecules into centrosymmetric dimers. Complexes 1-5 represent first copper(I) halide complexes of HMNBT and HAMTD. The complexes 1, 5, 6 and 7 exhibit interesting fluorescence in the solid state at room temperature and their terahertz (THz) time-domain spectroscopy was also studied.

  8. Metal-ligand synergistic effects in the complex Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)2: synthesis, structures, and reactivity.

    PubMed

    Isrow, Derek; DeYonker, Nathan J; Koppaka, Anjaneyulu; Pellechia, Perry J; Webster, Charles Edwin; Captain, Burjor

    2013-12-16

    In the current investigation, reactions of the "bow-tie" Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)2 complex with an assortment of donor ligands have been characterized experimentally and computationally. While the Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)2 complex has trans-disposed TEMPO ligands, proton transfer from the C-H bond of alkyne substrates (phenylacetylene, acetylene, trimethylsilyl acetylene, and 1,4-diethynylbenzene) produce cis-disposed ligands of the form Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)(κ(1)-TEMPOH)(κ(1)-R). In the case of 1,4-diethynylbenzene, a two-stage reaction occurs. The initial product Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)(κ(1)-TEMPOH)[κ(1)-CC(C6H4)CCH] is formed first but can react further with another equivalent of Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)2 to form the bridged complex Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)(κ(1)-TEMPOH)[κ(1)-κ(1)-CC(C6H4)CC]Ni(η(2)-TEMPO)(κ(1)-TEMPOH). The corresponding reaction with acetylene, which could conceivably also yield a bridging complex, does not occur. Via density functional theory (DFT), addition mechanisms are proposed in order to rationalize thermodynamic and kinetic selectivity. Computations have also been used to probe the relative thermodynamic stabilities of the cis and trans addition products and are in accord with experimental results. Based upon the computational results and the geometry of the experimentally observed product, a trans-cis isomerization must occur.

  9. Novel bio-essential metal based complexes linked by heterocyclic ligand: Synthesis, structural elucidation, biological investigation and docking analysis.

    PubMed

    Arun, T; Subramanian, R; Raman, N

    2016-01-01

    New series of bio-essential metal based complexes linked by Schiff base ligand (L) and 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy) have been synthesized and characterized by diverse spectral techniques such as elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility, molar conductivity measurements, FT-IR, UV-Vis., (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, EPR and Mass. The spectral data suggest that the metal complexes espouse octahedral geometry around the metal ions. Interactions of the complexes with CT DNA have been explored by electronic absorption, ethidium bromide displacement assay, viscosity measurements, cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry in order to evaluate the possible DNA-binding mode and to calculate the corresponding DNA-binding constants. The DNA interaction studies propose that the intercalative mode of interaction and the complexes exhibit oxidative cleavage of pUC19 DNA in the presence of hydrogen peroxide as activator. The synthesized Schiff base ligand and its metal complexes have been screened for anti-microbial activity by micro dilution method against two Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis), two Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhi) and three fungi strains (Fusarium solani, Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans) revealing that the complexes are good anti-pathogenic agents than the ligand. Moreover, molecular docking analysis has been performed to confirm the nature of binding of the complexes with DNA.

  10. Synthesis and Structure of a Ternary Copper(II) Complex with Mixed Ligands of Diethylenetriamine and Picrate: DNA/Protein-Binding Property and In Vitro Anticancer Activity Studies.

    PubMed

    Shi, Ya-Ning; Zheng, Kang; Zhu, Ling; Li, Yan-Tuan; Wu, Zhi-Yong; Yan, Cui-Wei

    2015-05-01

    Based on the importance of the design and synthesis of transition metal complexes with noncovalent DNA/protein-binding abilities in the field of metallo pharmaceuticals, a new mononuclear ternary copper(II) complex with mixed ligands of diethylenetriamine (dien) and picrate anion (pic), identified as [Cu(dien)(pic)](pic), was synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductivity measurement, infrared spectrum, electronic spectral studies, and single-crystal X-ray diffractometry. The structure analysis reveals that the copper(II) complex crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21 /c, and the copper(II) ion has a distorted square pyramidal coordination geometry. A two-dimensional supramolecular structure is formed through hydrogen bonds. The DNA/bovine serum albumin (BSA)-binding properties of the complex are explored, indicating that the complex can interact with herring sperm DNA via intercalation mode and bind to BSA responsible for quenching of tryptophan fluorescence by static quenching mechanism. The in vitro anticancer activity shows that the copper(II) complex is active against the selected tumor cell lines.

  11. Dicopper(II) and Dizinc(II) Complexes with Nonsymmetric Dinucleating Ligands Based on Indolo[3,2-c]quinolines: Synthesis, Structure, Cytotoxicity, and Intracellular Distribution

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Dicopper(II) and dizinc(II) complexes [Cu2(MeOOCLCOO)(CH3COO)2] (1) and [Zn2(MeOOCLCOO)(CH3COO)2] (2) were synthesized by reaction of Cu(CH3COO)2·H2O and Zn(CH3COO)2·2H2O with a new nonsymmetric dinucleating ligand EtOOCHLCOOEt prepared by condensation of 6-hydrazinyl-11H-indolo[3,2-c]quinoline with diethyl-2,2′-((3-formyl-2-hydroxy-5-methylbenzyl)azanediyl)diacetate. The design and synthesis of this elaborate ligand was performed with the aim of increasing the aqueous solubility of indolo[3,2-c]quinolines, known as biologically active compounds, and investigating the antiproliferative activity in human cancer cell lines and the cellular distribution by exploring the intrinsic fluorescence of the indoloquinoline scaffold. The compounds have been comprehensively characterized by elemental analysis, spectroscopic methods (IR, UV–vis, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy), ESI mass spectrometry, magnetic susceptibility measurements, and UV–vis complex formation studies (for 1) as well as by X-ray crystallography (1 and 2). The antiproliferative activity of EtOOCHLCOOEt, 1, and 2 was determined by the MTT assay in three human cancer cell lines, namely, A549 (nonsmall cell lung carcinoma), CH1 (ovarian carcinoma), and SW480 (colon adenocarcinoma), yielding IC50 values in the micromolar concentration range and showing dependence on the cell line. The effect of metal coordination on cytotoxicity of EtOOCHLCOOEt is also discussed. The subcellular distribution of EtOOCHLCOOEt and 2 was investigated by fluorescence microscopy, revealing similar localization for both compounds in cytoplasmic structures. PMID:23952332

  12. Vanadium(V) complex with Schiff-base ligand containing a flexible amino side chain: Synthesis, structure and reactivity.

    PubMed

    Nica, Simona; Rudolph, Manfred; Lippold, Ines; Buchholz, Axel; Görls, Helmar; Plass, Winfried

    2015-06-01

    The Schiff-base ligand (H2salhyhNH3)Cl (1) derived from salicylaldehyde and 6-aminohexanoic acid hydrazide hydrochloride reacts with ammonium metavanadate in methanol solution to yield the dioxidovanadium(V) complex [VO2(salhyhNH3)] (2). The utilized hydrazone ligand contains a flexible and protonated amino side chain. Crystallization from methanol affords complex 2 in the monoclinic space group P21/n, whereas crystallization from a methanol/water mixture 1:1 yields crystals, containing a water molecule of crystallization per two formula units (2⋅1/2H2O), in the orthorhombic space group Pbcn. In both cases the protonated amino group compensates the negative charge on the dioxidovanadium moiety and is involved in an extensive hydrogen bonding network particularly including the oxido groups from neighboring vanadium complexes. The reactivity of complex 2 toward protonation in aqueous solution has been investigated by spectrophotometric titrations and is characterized by two subsequent protonation steps at the hydrazide nitrogen atom of the ligand system and an oxido group leading to the formation of an oxidohydroxidovanadium(V) species with corresponding pKa values of 3.2 and 2.9, respectively. With larger excess of acid the oxidohydroxidovanadium(V) species starts to form the corresponding anhydride. The formation of the anhydride is strongly favored in the presence of methanol. The reaction of complex 2 with hydrogen peroxide in methanol solution leads to the formation of an oxidoperoxidovanadium(V) species, whereas in aqueous solution the addition of one equivalent of acid is required. Complex 2 catalyzes the oxidation of methylphenylsulfane to the corresponding sulfoxide in methanol/dichloromethane mixture using hydrogen peroxide as oxidant at room temperature.

  13. Zirconium and hafnium complexes based on 2-aryl-8-arylaminoquinoline ligands: synthesis, molecular structure, and catalytic performance in ethylene copolymerization.

    PubMed

    Nifant'ev, Ilya E; Ivchenko, Pavel V; Bagrov, Vladimir V; Nagy, Sandor M; Winslow, Linda N; Merrick-Mack, Jean A; Mihan, Shahram; Churakov, Andrei V

    2013-02-01

    A general and efficient approach toward new zirconium and hafnium complexes based on 2-aryl-8-arylaminoquinoline ligands was developed. These precursors, when activated with MAO/borate cocatalyst and supported on silica, result in active olefin polymerization catalysts. The ethylene copolymers produced under industrially relevant conditions show very high molecular weights and unique microstructures defined by the multisite nature of the catalyst. A site-diversification mechanism is proposed to explain the presence of at least five individual sites, as deduced from 3D-TREF analysis of ethylene-butene copolymers.

  14. Synthesis, structures and anti-malaria activity of some gold(I) phosphine complexes containing seleno- and thiosemicarbazonato ligands.

    PubMed

    Molter, Anja; Rust, Jörg; Lehmann, Christian W; Deepa, Ganesh; Chiba, Peter; Mohr, Fabian

    2011-10-14

    A series of both mono- and dinuclear gold(I) phosphine complexes containing monoanionic seleno- and thiosemicarbazones as ligands were prepared and fully characterized by spectroscopic methods and, in some cases, by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The in vitro anti-malaria activity of some of these compounds was investigated in chloroquine sensitive strains of Plasmodium falciparum. The IC(50) results show that the sulfur containing compounds exhibit activity similar to that of chloroquine, whilst the selenium derivatives display only moderate anti-malaria activity. PMID:21879088

  15. Synthesis, structures and anti-malaria activity of some gold(I) phosphine complexes containing seleno- and thiosemicarbazonato ligands.

    PubMed

    Molter, Anja; Rust, Jörg; Lehmann, Christian W; Deepa, Ganesh; Chiba, Peter; Mohr, Fabian

    2011-10-14

    A series of both mono- and dinuclear gold(I) phosphine complexes containing monoanionic seleno- and thiosemicarbazones as ligands were prepared and fully characterized by spectroscopic methods and, in some cases, by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The in vitro anti-malaria activity of some of these compounds was investigated in chloroquine sensitive strains of Plasmodium falciparum. The IC(50) results show that the sulfur containing compounds exhibit activity similar to that of chloroquine, whilst the selenium derivatives display only moderate anti-malaria activity.

  16. Synthesis, structural characterization and antimicrobial activities of diorganotin(IV) complexes with azo-imino carboxylic acid ligand: Crystal structure and topological study of a doubly phenoxide-bridged dimeric dimethyltin(IV) complex appended with free carboxylic acid groups

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roy, Manojit; Roy, Subhadip; Devi, N. Manglembi; Singh, Ch. Brajakishor; Singh, Keisham Surjit

    2016-09-01

    Diorganotin(IV) complexes appended with free carboxylic acids were synthesized by reacting diorganotin(IV) dichlorides [R2SnCl2; R = Me (1), Bu (2) and Ph (3)] with an azo-imino carboxylic acid ligand i.e. 2-{4-hydroxy-3-[(2-hydroxyphenylimino)methyl]phenylazo}benzoic acid in presence of triethylamine. The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR and multinuclear NMR (1H, 13C and 119Sn) spectroscopy. The structure of 1 in solid state has been determined by X-ray crystallography. Crystal structure of 1 reveals that the compound crystallizes in monoclinic space group P21/c and is a dimeric dimethyltin(IV) complex appended with free carboxylic acid groups. In the structure of 1, the Sn(IV) atoms are hexacoordinated and have a distorted octahedral coordination geometry in which two phenoxy oxygen atoms and the azomethine nitrogen atom of the ligand coordinate to each tin atom. One of the phenoxy oxygen atom bridges the two tin centers resulting in a planar Sn2O2 core. Topological analysis is used for the description of molecular packing in 1. Tin NMR spectroscopy study indicates that the complexes have five coordinate geometry around tin atom in solution state. Since the complexes have free carboxylic acids, these compounds could be further used as potential metallo-ligands for the synthesis of other complexes. The synthesized diorganotin(IV) complexes were also screened for their antimicrobial activities and compound 2 showed effective antimicrobial activities.

  17. Oxa-Pictet-Spengler reaction as key step in the synthesis of novel σ receptor ligands with 2-benzopyran structure.

    PubMed

    Knappmann, Inga; Schepmann, Dirk; Wünsch, Bernhard

    2016-09-15

    The Oxa-Pictet-Spengler reaction of methyl 3-hydroxy-4-phenylbutanoate (8) was explored to obtain novel σ receptor ligands. 1-Acyl protected piperidone ketals 10 and 11 reacted with phenylethanol 8 to yield spirocyclic compounds. Aliphatic aldehyde acetals 19 provided 1,3-disubstituted 2-benzopyrans 20 with high cis-diastereoselectivity. The intramolecular Oxa-Pictet-Spengler reaction of 24 led to the tricyclic compound 25. The spirocyclic compounds 18 show high σ1 affinity (Ki 20-26nM) and σ1/σ2 selectivity (>9-fold), when a large substituent (n-octyl, benzyl, phenylpropyl) is attached to the piperidine N-atom. Opening of the piperidine ring to yield aminoethyl (22, 23) or aminomethyl derivatives (21) resulted in reduced σ1 affinity and σ1/σ2 selectivity. PMID:27396684

  18. Potent HIV-1 protease inhibitors incorporating meso-bicyclic urethanes as P2-ligands: structure-based design, synthesis, biological evaluation and protein-ligand X-ray studies

    SciTech Connect

    Ghosh, Arun; Gemma, Sandra; Takayama, Jun; Baldridge, Abigail; Leshchenko-Yashchuk, Sofiya; Miller, Heather; Wang, Yuan-Fang; Kovalevsky, Andrey; Koh, Yashiro; Weber, Irene; Mitsuya, Hiroaki

    2008-12-05

    Recently, we designed a series of novel HIV-1 protease inhibitors incorporating a stereochemically defined bicyclic fused cyclopentyl (Cp-THF) urethane as the high affinity P2-ligand. Inhibitor 1 with this P2-ligand has shown very impressive potency against multi-drug-resistant clinical isolates. Based upon the 1-bound HIV-1 protease X-ray structure, we have now designed and synthesized a number of meso-bicyclic ligands which can conceivably interact similarly to the Cp-THF ligand. The design of meso-ligands is quite attractive as they do not contain any stereocenters. Inhibitors incorporating urethanes of bicyclic-1,3-dioxolane and bicyclic-1,4-dioxane have shown potent enzyme inhibitory and antiviral activities. Inhibitor 2 (K{sub i} = 0.11 nM; IC{sub 50} = 3.8 nM) displayed very potent antiviral activity in this series. While inhibitor 3 showed comparable enzyme inhibitory activity (K{sub i} = 0.18 nM) its antiviral activity (IC{sub 50} = 170 nM) was significantly weaker than inhibitor 2. Inhibitor 2 maintained an antiviral potency against a series of multi-drug resistant clinical isolates comparable to amprenavir. A protein-ligand X-ray structure of 3-bound HIV-1 protease revealed a number of key hydrogen bonding interactions at the S2-subsite. We have created an active model of inhibitor 2 based upon this X-ray structure.

  19. A modular approach to neutral P,N-ligands: synthesis and coordination chemistry

    PubMed Central

    Blasius, Clemens K; Intorp, Sebastian N; Wadepohl, Hubert

    2016-01-01

    Summary We report the modular synthesis of three different types of neutral κ2-P,N-ligands comprising an imine and a phosphine binding site. These ligands were reacted with rhodium, iridium and palladium metal precursors and the structures of the resulting complexes were elucidated by means of X-ray crystallography. We observed that subtle changes of the ligand backbone have a significant influence on the binding geometry und coordination properties of these bidentate P,N-donors. PMID:27340475

  20. Group 4 metal complexes of Trost's semi-crown ligand: synthesis, structural characterization and studies on the ring-opening polymerization of lactides and ε-caprolactone.

    PubMed

    Rajashekhar, Bijja; Roymuhury, Sagnik K; Chakraborty, Debashis; Ramkumar, Venkatachalam

    2015-10-01

    The synthesis of titanium(IV), zirconium(IV) and hafnium(IV) complexes of Trost's semi-crown ligand is described. All complexes were fully characterized by 1H and 13C NMR and mass spectroscopy. The molecular structures of the representative complexes 2, 3 and 4 were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. The X-ray diffraction studies reveal that complexes 2, 3 and 4 crystallized in an orthorhombic crystal system. Complexes 2 and 3 have a monomeric structure in the solid state with distorted octahedral geometry around the metal center, whereas complex 4 was found to crystallize in a trimeric structure bridging with an oxygen atom, where the geometry around the titanium is distorted trigonal bipyramidal. The activities and stereoselectivities of these complexes toward the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of lactides (L-LA and rac-LA) and ε-caprolactone (CL) have been investigated. Complexes 1–4 were found to be efficient single-component initiators for the ring-opening polymerization of cyclic esters and yielded high molecular weight polymers (Mn) with narrow molecular weight distributions (MWD).The microstructure of the resultant polylactides (PLAs) from rac-LA was determined. Complexes 2 and 3 afforded isotactic-enriched PLA (Pm = 0.78–0.71) with narrow MWD (1.07–1.04), on the other hand complexes 1 and 4 produced atactic PLA. Kinetic and post polymerization studies confirm that the polymerization proceeds through the coordination–insertion mechanism.

  1. Rule of five in 2015 and beyond: Target and ligand structural limitations, ligand chemistry structure and drug discovery project decisions.

    PubMed

    Lipinski, Christopher A

    2016-06-01

    The rule of five (Ro5), based on physicochemical profiles of phase II drugs, is consistent with structural limitations in protein targets and the drug target ligands. Three of four parameters in Ro5 are fundamental to the structure of both target and drug binding sites. The chemical structure of the drug ligand depends on the ligand chemistry and design philosophy. Two extremes of chemical structure and design philosophy exist; ligands constructed in the medicinal chemistry synthesis laboratory without input from natural selection and natural product (NP) metabolites biosynthesized based on evolutionary selection. Exceptions to Ro5 are found mostly among NPs. Chemistry chameleon-like behavior of some NPs due to intra-molecular hydrogen bonding as exemplified by cyclosporine A is a strong contributor to NP Ro5 outliers. The fragment derived, drug Navitoclax is an example of the extensive expertise, resources, time and key decisions required for the rare discovery of a non-NP Ro5 outlier.

  2. Synthesis, crystal structure, fluorescence and electrochemical studies of a new tridentate Schiff base ligand and its nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shafaatian, Bita; Soleymanpour, Ahmad; Kholghi Oskouei, Nasim; Notash, Behrouz; Rezvani, Seyyed Ahmad

    2014-07-01

    A new unsymmetrical tridentate Schiff base ligand was derived from the 1:1 M condensation of ortho-vanillin with 2-mercaptoethylamine. Nickel and palladium complexes were obtained by the reaction of the tridentate Schiff base ligand with nickel(II) acetate tetrahydrate and palladium(II) acetate in 2:1 M ratio. In nickel and palladium complexes the ligand was coordinated to metals via the imine N and enolic O atoms. The S groups of Schiff bases were not coordinated to the metals and S-S coupling was occured. The complexes have been found to possess 1:2 Metal:Ligand stoichiometry and the molar conductance data revealed that the metal complexes were non-electrolytes. The complexes exhibited octahedral coordination geometry. The emission spectra of the ligand and its complexes were studied in methanol. Electrochemical properties of the ligand and its metal complexes were investigated in the CH3CN solvent at the 100 mV s-1 scan rate. The ligand and metal complexes showed both reversible and quasi-reversible processes at this scan rate. The Schiff base and its complexes have been characterized by IR, 1H NMR, UV/Vis, elemental analyses and conductometry. The crystal structure of nickel complex has been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction.

  3. Synthesis, crystal structure, fluorescence and electrochemical studies of a new tridentate Schiff base ligand and its nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Shafaatian, Bita; Soleymanpour, Ahmad; Kholghi Oskouei, Nasim; Notash, Behrouz; Rezvani, Seyyed Ahmad

    2014-07-15

    A new unsymmetrical tridentate Schiff base ligand was derived from the 1:1M condensation of ortho-vanillin with 2-mercaptoethylamine. Nickel and palladium complexes were obtained by the reaction of the tridentate Schiff base ligand with nickel(II) acetate tetrahydrate and palladium(II) acetate in 2:1M ratio. In nickel and palladium complexes the ligand was coordinated to metals via the imine N and enolic O atoms. The S groups of Schiff bases were not coordinated to the metals and S-S coupling was occured. The complexes have been found to possess 1:2 Metal:Ligand stoichiometry and the molar conductance data revealed that the metal complexes were non-electrolytes. The complexes exhibited octahedral coordination geometry. The emission spectra of the ligand and its complexes were studied in methanol. Electrochemical properties of the ligand and its metal complexes were investigated in the CH3CN solvent at the 100 mV s(-1) scan rate. The ligand and metal complexes showed both reversible and quasi-reversible processes at this scan rate. The Schiff base and its complexes have been characterized by IR, (1)H NMR, UV/Vis, elemental analyses and conductometry. The crystal structure of nickel complex has been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction.

  4. Weakly-bridged dimeric diorganotin(IV) compounds derived from pyruvic acid hydrazone Schiff base ligands: Synthesis, characterization and crystal structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hong, Min; Yin, Han-Dong; Cui, Ji-Chun

    2011-03-01

    We report the synthesis of four diorganotin(IV) compounds of Schiff base pyruvic acid hydrazone derivatives formulated as [R 2SnLY] 2, where L 1 is 2-SC 4H 3CON 2C(CH 3)CO 2 with Y = CH 3CH 2CH 2CH 2OH, R = n-Bu ( 1); L 2 is C 6H 5CON 2C(CH 3)CO 2 with Y = CH 3CH 2OH, R = p-F-Bz ( 2); L 3 is 2-HOC 6H 4CON 2C(CH 3)CO 2 with Y dbnd H 2O, R = p-CN -Bz ( 3); and L 4 is 4-NO 2-C 6H 4CON 2C(CH 3)CO 2 with Y dbnd CH 3CH 2OH, R = Bz ( 4). The structures of all compounds have been established by a combination of single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, 1H and 119Sn NMR spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy, and elemental analysis. Studies reveal that four ligands present the same coordination mode with tin center, which all present tridentate ONO donor Schiff bases and coordinate to the tin center in an enolic form. In compounds 1- 4, each tin atom is seven-coordinated and exhibits a distorted pentagonal bipyramid with a planar SnO 4N unit and two apical alkyl carbon atoms, thus forming a weakly-bridged dimeric molecule. Additionally, the distance of Sn⋯O bridge in each compound is obviously affected by the choice of different alkyl groups and coordination solvent molecules, which fluctuates in the range of 2.571(5)-2.839(4) Å. Furthermore, the supramolecular structure analysis show that there are two types of supramolecular infrastructures, 1D chain or 2D network, which are formed by intermolecular O-H···N or C-H⋯X (X = O, N or F) hydrogen bonds.

  5. Synthesis, structures, luminescent and magnetic properties of four coordination polymers with the flexible 1,3-phenylenediacetate ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gu, Jin-Zhong; Lv, Dong-Yu; Gao, Zhu-Qing; Liu, Jian-Zhao; Dou, Wei; Tang, Yu

    2011-03-01

    Four coordination polymers, [Zn(pda)(bpy)(H 2O)] n· nH 2O ( 1), [Cd(pda)(prz)(H 2O)] n ( 2), [Co 3( μ3-OH) 2(pda) 2(pyz)] n·2 nH 2O ( 3) and [Pr 2(pda) 3(H 2O) 2] n ( 4) (H 2pda=1,3-phenylendiacetic acid, bpy=4,4'-bipyridine, prz=piperazine and pyz=pyrazine) have been hydrothermally synthesized and characterized. Complex 1 is a 1D wheel-like chain structure, which is further extended into a 3D metal-organic supramolecular framework by H-bonds and π- π stacking interactions. Complex 2 is a 1D ladder-like chain structure, which is also further extended into a 3D metal-organic supramolecular framework by H-bonds. Complex 3 possess a 2D sheet structure with infrequent two pairs of double-helix chains. Complex 4 features a 3D structure. Both 1 and 2 display strong blue fluorescent emission at room temperature. Magnetic susceptibility measurements of complexes 3 and 4 exhibit antiferromagnetic interactions between the nearest metal ions, with C=9.99 and 3.43 cm 3 mol -1 K, and θ=-23.9 and -46.3 K, respectively.

  6. Synthesis, structure, DFT calculations, electrochemistry, fluorescence, DNA binding and molecular docking aspects of a novel oxime based ligand and its palladium(II) complex.

    PubMed

    Bandyopadhyay, Nirmalya; Pradhan, Ankur Bikash; Das, Suman; Lu, Liping; Zhu, Miaoli; Chowdhury, Shubhamoy; Naskar, Jnan Prakash

    2016-07-01

    A novel oxime based ligand, phenyl-(pyridine-2-yl-hydrazono)-acetaldehyde oxime (LH), and its palladium(II) complex (1) have been synthesised and spectroscopically characterised. The ligand crystallizes in the monoclinic space group (P21/c). The X-ray crystal structure of the ligand shows that it forms a hydrogen bonded helical network. The ligand has been characterised by C, H and N microanalyses, (1)H and (13)C NMR, ESI-MS, FT-IR and UV-Vis spectral measurements. Geometry optimizations at the level of DFT show that the Pd(II) centre is nested in a square-planar 'N3Cl' coordination chromophore. The diamagnetic palladium complex has been characterised by C, H and N microanalyses, FAB-MS, FT-IR, UV-Vis spectra and molar electrical conductivity measurements. The observed electronic spectrum of 1 correlates with our theoretical findings as evaluated through TD-DFT. 1 displays quasi-reversible Pd(II)/Pd(III) and Pd(III)/Pd(IV) redox couples in its CV in acetonitrile. 1 is nine-fold more emissive with respect to the binding ligand. Biophysical studies have been carried out to show the DNA binding aspects of both the ligand and complex. The binding constants for the ligand and complex were found to be 3.93×10(4) and 1.38×10(3)M(-1) respectively. To have an insight into the mode of binding of LH and 1 with CT DNA a hydrodynamic study was also undertaken. The mode of binding has also been substantiated through molecular docking. A promising groove binding efficacy has been revealed for the ligand. PMID:27179300

  7. Synthesis, Crystal Structure, Spectroscopic Properties, and Interaction with Ct-DNA of Zn(II) with 2-Aminoethanethiol Hydrochloride Ligand

    PubMed Central

    Shu, Xu-gang; Wu, Chun-li; Li, Cui-jin; Zhang, Min; Wan, Ke; Wu, Xin

    2016-01-01

    The zinc(II) complex (C2H6NS)2Zn·ZnCl2 was synthesized with 2-aminoethanethiol hydrochloride and zinc sulfate heptahydrate as the raw materials in aqueous solution. The composition and structure of the complex were characterized by elemental analysis, infrared spectra, single crystal X-ray diffraction, and thermogravimetry. The crystal structure of the zinc(II) complex belongs to monoclinic system, space group P  21/n, with cell parameters of a = 0.84294(4), b = 0.83920(4), c = 1.65787(8) nm, Z = 2, and D = 2.041 g/cm3. In this paper, the interaction of complex with Ct-DNA was investigated by UV-visible and viscosimetric techniques. Upon addition of the complex, important changes were observed in the characteristic UV-Vis bands (hyperchromism) of calf thymus DNA and some changes in specific viscosity. The experimental results showed that the complex is bound to DNA intercalative (intercalation binding). PMID:26977140

  8. Synthesis, characterization and the crystal structure of a cis-dioxovandium(V) complex of a tridentate Schiff base ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Hai-Xin Liu; Wei Wang; Xin Wang; Min-Yu Tan

    1994-12-01

    The title complex, [VO{sub 2}(C{sub 6}H{sub 5}C(O)CHC(CH{sub 3})NNC(O)CH{sub 2}(NC{sub 5}H{sub 5}))]{center_dot}C{sub 2}H{sub 5}OH, was synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and spectroscopy. Yellow crystals of the complex are monoclinic, space group P2{sub 1}/a with a = 10.690(2), b = 16.008(3), c = 13.164(4){Angstrom}, {beta} = 107.03(2){degrees}, V = 2153.9(18){Angstrom}{sup 3}, F(000) = 880 and Dc = 1.305 g cm{sup -3} for Z =4. X-ray structure analysis shows that the vanadium coordination number is five and the coordination polyhedron is a distorted trigonal bipyramid.

  9. Synthesis, structural characterization, reactivity, and catalytic properties of copper(I) complexes with a series of tetradentate tripodal tris(pyrazolylmethyl)amine ligands.

    PubMed

    Haldón, Estela; Delgado-Rebollo, Manuela; Prieto, Auxiliadora; Alvarez, Eleuterio; Maya, Celia; Nicasio, M Carmen; Pérez, Pedro J

    2014-04-21

    Novel tris(pyrazolylmethyl)amine ligands Tpa(Me3), Tpa*(,Br), and Tpa(Br3) have been synthesized and structurally characterized. The coordination chemistries of these three new tetradentate tripodal ligands and the already known Tpa and Tpa* have been explored using different copper(I) salts as starting materials. Cationic copper(I) complexes [Tpa(x)Cu]PF6 (1-4) have been isolated from the reaction of [Cu(NCMe)4]PF6 and 1 equiv of the ligand. Complexes 2 (Tpa(x) = Tpa*) and 3 (Tpa(x) = Tpa(Me3)) have been characterized by X-ray studies. The former is a 1D helical coordination polymer, and the latter is a tetranuclear helicate. In both structures, the Tpa(x) ligand adopts a μ(2):κ(2):κ(1)-coordination mode. However, in solution, all of the four complexes form fluxional species. When CuI is used as the copper(I) source, neutral compounds 5-8 have been obtained. Complexes 6-8 exhibit a 1:1 metal-to-ligand ratio, whereas 5 presents 2:1 stoichiometry. Its solid-state structure has been determined by X-ray diffraction, revealing its 3D polymeric nature. The polymer is composed by the assembly of [Tpa2Cu4I4] units, in which Cu4I4 presents a step-stair structure. The Tpa ligands bridge the Cu4I4 clusters, adopting also a μ(2):κ(2):κ(1)-coordination mode. As observed for the cationic derivatives, the NMR spectra of 5-8 show the equivalence of the three pyrazolyl arms of the ligands in these complexes. The reactivities of cationic copper(I) derivatives 1-4 with PPh3 and CO have been explored. In all cases, 1:1 adducts [Tpa(x)CuL]PF6 [L = PPh3 (9-11), CO (12-15)] have been isolated. The crystal structure of [Tpa*Cu(PPh3)]PF6 (9) has been obtained, showing that the coordination geometry around copper(I) is trigonal-pyramidal with the apical position occupied by the tertiary amine N atom. The Tpa* ligand binds the Cu center to three of its four N atoms, with one pyrazolyl arm remaining uncoordinated. In solution, the carbonyl adducts 13-15 exist as a mixture of two

  10. Synthesis, structural characterization, reactivity, and catalytic properties of copper(I) complexes with a series of tetradentate tripodal tris(pyrazolylmethyl)amine ligands.

    PubMed

    Haldón, Estela; Delgado-Rebollo, Manuela; Prieto, Auxiliadora; Alvarez, Eleuterio; Maya, Celia; Nicasio, M Carmen; Pérez, Pedro J

    2014-04-21

    Novel tris(pyrazolylmethyl)amine ligands Tpa(Me3), Tpa*(,Br), and Tpa(Br3) have been synthesized and structurally characterized. The coordination chemistries of these three new tetradentate tripodal ligands and the already known Tpa and Tpa* have been explored using different copper(I) salts as starting materials. Cationic copper(I) complexes [Tpa(x)Cu]PF6 (1-4) have been isolated from the reaction of [Cu(NCMe)4]PF6 and 1 equiv of the ligand. Complexes 2 (Tpa(x) = Tpa*) and 3 (Tpa(x) = Tpa(Me3)) have been characterized by X-ray studies. The former is a 1D helical coordination polymer, and the latter is a tetranuclear helicate. In both structures, the Tpa(x) ligand adopts a μ(2):κ(2):κ(1)-coordination mode. However, in solution, all of the four complexes form fluxional species. When CuI is used as the copper(I) source, neutral compounds 5-8 have been obtained. Complexes 6-8 exhibit a 1:1 metal-to-ligand ratio, whereas 5 presents 2:1 stoichiometry. Its solid-state structure has been determined by X-ray diffraction, revealing its 3D polymeric nature. The polymer is composed by the assembly of [Tpa2Cu4I4] units, in which Cu4I4 presents a step-stair structure. The Tpa ligands bridge the Cu4I4 clusters, adopting also a μ(2):κ(2):κ(1)-coordination mode. As observed for the cationic derivatives, the NMR spectra of 5-8 show the equivalence of the three pyrazolyl arms of the ligands in these complexes. The reactivities of cationic copper(I) derivatives 1-4 with PPh3 and CO have been explored. In all cases, 1:1 adducts [Tpa(x)CuL]PF6 [L = PPh3 (9-11), CO (12-15)] have been isolated. The crystal structure of [Tpa*Cu(PPh3)]PF6 (9) has been obtained, showing that the coordination geometry around copper(I) is trigonal-pyramidal with the apical position occupied by the tertiary amine N atom. The Tpa* ligand binds the Cu center to three of its four N atoms, with one pyrazolyl arm remaining uncoordinated. In solution, the carbonyl adducts 13-15 exist as a mixture of two

  11. Enantiopure tetranuclear iron(III) complexes using chiral reduced Schiff base ligands: synthesis, structure, spectroscopy, magnetic properties, and DFT studies.

    PubMed

    Singh, Reena; Banerjee, Atanu; Colacio, Enrique; Rajak, Kajal Krishna

    2009-06-01

    Four new tetranuclear iron(III) complexes of formula [{Fe(L)(2)}(3)Fe], 1-4, have been prepared by reacting [Fe(ClO(4))(3)].6H(2)O with H(2)L in methanol. Here, L(2-) is the deprotonated form of N-(2-hyrdoxybenzyl)-l-valinol (H(2)L(1)), N-(2-hyrdoxybenzyl)-l-leucinol (H(2)L(2)), N-(5-chloro-2-hyrdoxybenzyl)-l-leucinol (H(2)L(3)), and N-(2-hyrdoxybenzyl)-l-phenylalaninol (H(2)L(4)). The complexes are prepared in an enantiomeric pure form. The complexes have been characterized with the help of IR, UV-vis, circular dichroism (CD), (1)H, and elemental analyses. The complex [{Fe(L(2))(2)}(3)Fe].CH(3)OH.2H(2)O, 2.CH(3)OH.2H(2)O, crystallizes in enantiomeric pure form containing a propeller-like Fe(4)O(6) core. (1)H and CD spectral studies of the four species are consistent with the structural similarities of the complexes in solution. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility of one case shows an intramolecular antiferromagnetic coupling between the Fe(III) ions. Magnetic measurements are in accord with the S = 5 ground state and suggest single molecular magnet behavior. The magnetic exchange coupling constant between the iron centers within the molecule is interpreted using broken-symmetry density functional theory calculation. PMID:19466801

  12. Novel lanthanide(II) complexes supported by carbon-bridged biphenolate ligands: synthesis, structure and catalytic activity.

    PubMed

    Deng, Mingyu; Yao, Yingming; Shen, Qi; Zhang, Yong; Sun, Jin

    2004-03-21

    [Ln[N(SiMe3)2]2(THF)2](Ln = Sm, Yb) reacts with 1 equiv. of carbon-bridged biphenols, 2,2'-methylene-bis(6-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol)(L1H2) or 2,2'-ethylidene-bis(4,6-di-tert-butylphenol)(L2H2), in toluene to give the novel aryloxide lanthanide(II) complexes [[LnL1(THF)n]2](Ln = Sm, n = 3 (1); Ln = Yb, n = 2 (2)) and [[LnL2(THF)3]2](Ln = Sm (5); Ln = Yb (6)) in quantitative yield, respectively. Addition of 2 equiv. of hexamethylphosphoric triamide (HMPA) to a tetrahydrofuran (THF) solution of 1, 2 and 5 affords the corresponding HMPA-coordinated complexes, [[LnL1(THF)m(HMPA)n]2(THF)y](Ln = Sm, n = 2, m = 0, y = 2 (3); Ln = Yb, m = 1, n = 1, y = 6 (4)) and [[SmL2(HMPA)2]2](7) in excellent yields. The single-crystal structural analyses of 3, 4 and 7 revealed that these aryloxide lanthanide(II) complexes are dimeric with two Ln-O bridges. The coordination geometry of each lanthanide metal can be best described as a distorted trigonal bipyramid. Complexes 1-3, 5 and 7 can catalyze the ring-opening polymerization of epsilon-caprolactone (epsilon-CL), and 1-3, along with 5 show moderate activity for the ring-opening polymerization of 2,2-dimethyltrimethylene carbonate (DTC) and the copolymerization of epsilon-CL and DTC to give random copolymers with high molecular weights and relatively narrow molecular weight distributions.. PMID:15252483

  13. Copper(II) complexes with 2NO and 3N donor ligands: synthesis, structures and chemical nuclease and anticancer activities.

    PubMed

    Rajarajeswari, Chandrasekaran; Loganathan, Rangasamy; Palaniandavar, Mallayan; Suresh, Eringathodi; Riyasdeen, Anvarbatcha; Akbarsha, Mohamad Abdulkadhar

    2013-06-21

    A series of water soluble copper(II) complexes of the types [Cu(L)Cl] 1-2, where LH is 2-(2-(1H-benzimidazol-2-yl)ethyliminomethyl)phenol (H(L1)), and 2-(2-(1H-benzimidazol-2-yl)-ethyliminomethyl)-4-methylphenol (H(L2)), and [Cu(L)Cl2] 3-6, where L is (2-pyridin-2-yl-ethyl)pyridin-2-ylmethyleneamine (L3), 2-(1H-benzimidazol-2-yl)ethylpyridin-2-yl-methyleneamine (L4), 2-(1H-benzimidazol-2-yl)ethyl(1H-imidazol-2-ylmethylene)amine (L5), and 2-(1H-benzimidazol-2-yl)ethyl-(4,4a-dihydroquinolin-2-ylmethylene)amine (L6), have been isolated and characterized by elemental analysis, electronic absorption, ESI-MS and EPR spectral techniques and the electrochemical method. The single crystal X-ray structures of [Cu(L1)Cl] 1 and [Cu(L2)Cl] 2 possess a distorted square-based coordination geometry while [Cu(L4)Cl2] 4 and [Cu(L6)Cl2] 6 possess a distorted trigonal bipyramidal coordination geometry. Both absorption spectral titration and an EthBr displacement assay reveal that all the complexes bind with calf thymus (CT) DNA through covalent mode of DNA interaction involving the replacement of an easily removable chloride ion with DNA nucleobases. All the complexes exhibit oxidative cleavage of supercoiled (SC) plasmid DNA in the presence of hydrogen peroxide as an activator. It is remarkable that at 50 μM concentration 5 and 6 completely degrade SC DNA into undetectable minor fragments and thus they act as efficient chemical nucleases. All the complexes are remarkable in displaying cytotoxicity against the HBL-100 human breast cancer cell line with potency more than that of the widely used drug cisplatin and hence they have the potential to act as promising anticancer drugs. Interestingly, they are non-toxic to normal cell lymphocytes isolated from human blood samples, revealing that they are selective in killing only the cancer cells. PMID:23612925

  14. Synthesis, crystal structures, and luminescent properties of Cd(II) coordination polymers assembled from semi-rigid multi-dentate N-containing ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yuan, Gang; Shao, Kui-Zhan; Chen, Lei; Liu, Xin-Xin; Su, Zhong-Min; Ma, Jian-Fang

    2012-12-01

    Three new polymers, [Cd(L)2(H2O)2]n (1), [Cd3(L)2(μ3-OH)2(μ2-Cl)2(H2O)2]n (2), {[Cd2(L)2(nic)2(H2O)2]·H2O}n (3) (HL=5-(4-((1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)methyl)phenyl)-1H-tetrazole, Hnic=nicotinic acid) have been prepared and structurally characterized. Compounds 1 and 2 display 2D monomolecular layers built by the inter-linking single helical chains and L- ligands connecting chain-like [Cd(μ3-OH)(μ2-Cl)]n secondary building units, respectively. Compound 3 is constructed from the mixed ligands and possesses a (3,4)-connected framework with (4·82)(4·82·103) topology. Moreover, the fluorescent properties of HL ligand and compounds 1-3 are also been investigated.

  15. Aminobenzonitrile isomers-mediated self-assembly of mixed-ligand silver(I) coordination architectures: Synthesis, structural characterization and properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Fu-Jing; Sun, Di; Li, Yun-Hua; Hao, Hong-Jun; Luo, Geng-Geng; Huang, Rong-Bin; Zheng, Lan-Sun

    2011-03-01

    Three mixed-ligand coordination compounds (CCs) of the formula {[Ag( p-abn)(dnca)]·H 2O} n ( 1), {[Ag( o-abn)(dnca)]·H 2O} n ( 2), and {[Ag( m-abn) 4)]·(dnca)·H 2O} ( 3) (where p-abn = 4-aminobenzonitrile, o-abn = 2-aminobenzonitrile, m-abn = 3-aminobenzonitrile, Hdnca = 3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid) were synthesized by reactions of Ag 2O and aminobenzonitrile ligands with Hdnca under the ammoniacal condition. All CCs have been structurally characterized by element analysis, IR and X-ray single-crystal diffraction. The aminobenzonitrile acts as bidentate μ2- N,N' ligand in both 1 and 2, and as monodentate ligand in 3. As the change of the relative position of amino and cyano groups of aminobenzonitrile ligands, the dimensionality of 1-3 decreases from 2D to 0D mainly due to the steric effect of the substituted groups, which indicates that aminobenzonitrile isomers play important roles in the formation of the diverse coordination architectures. The three CCs exhibit photoluminescent emissions in the solid state at room temperature.

  16. Heterometallic polyhydride complexes containing yttrium hydrides with different Cp ligands: synthesis, structure, and hydrogen-uptake/release properties.

    PubMed

    Shima, Takanori; Hou, Zhaomin

    2013-03-01

    A new family of Y(4)/M(2) and Y(5)/M heterobimetallic rare-earth-metal/d-block-transition-metal-polyhydride complexes has been synthesized. The reactions of the tetranuclear yttrium-octahydride complex [{Cp''Y(μ-H)(2)}(4)(thf)(4)] (Cp'' = C(5)Me(4)H, 1-C(5)Me(4)H) with one equivalent of Group-6-metal-pentahydride complexes [Cp*M(PMe(3))H(5)] (M = Mo, W; Cp* = C(5)Me(5)) afforded pentanuclear heterobimetallic Y(4)/M-polyhydride complexes [{(Cp''Y)(4)(μ-H)(7)}(μ-H)(4)MCp*(PMe(3))] (M = Mo (2 a), W (2 b)). UV irradiation of compounds 2 a,b in THF gave PMe(3)-free complexes [{(Cp''Y)(4)(μ-H)(6)(thf)(2)}(μ-H)(5)MCp*] (M = Mo (3 a), W (3 b)). Compounds 3 a,b reacted with one equivalent of [Cp*M(PMe(3))H(5)] to afford hexanuclear Y(4)/M(2) complexes [{Cp*M(μ-H)(5)}{(Cp''Y)(4)(μ-H)(5)}{(μ-H)(4)MCp*(PMe(3))}] (M = Mo (4 a), W (4 b)). UV irradiation of compounds 4 a,b provided the PMe(3)-free complexes [(Cp''Y)(4)(μ-H)(4){(μ-H)(5)MCp*}(2)] (M = Mo (5 a), W (5 b)). C(5)Me(4)Et-ligated analogue [(Cp''Y)(4)(μ-H)(4){(μ-H)(5)Mo(C(5)Me(4)Et)}(2)] (5 a') was obtained from the reaction of 1-C(5)Me(4)H with [(C(5)Me(4)Et)Mo(PMe(3))H(5)]. On the other hand, the reaction of pentanuclear yttrium-decahydride complex [{(C(5)Me(4)R)Y(μ-H)(2)}(5)(thf)(2)] (1-C(5)Me(5): R = Me; 1-C(5)Me(4)Et: R = Et) with [Cp*M(PMe(3))H(5)] gave the hexanuclear heterobimetallic Y(5)/M-polyhydride complexes [({(C(5)Me(4)R)Y}(5)(μ-H)(8))(μ-H)(5)MCp*] (6 a: M = Mo, R = Me; 6 a': M = Mo, R = Et; 6 b: M = W, R = Me). Compound 5 a released two molecules of H(2) under vacuum to give [(Cp''Y)(4)(μ-H)(2){(μ-H)(4)MoCp*}(2)] (7). In contrast, compound 6 a lost one molecule of H(2) under vacuum to yield [{(Cp*Y)(5)(μ-H)(7)}(μ-H)(4)MoCp*] (8). Both compounds 7 and 8 readily reacted with H(2) to regenerate compounds 5 a and 6 a, respectively. The structures of compounds 4 a, 5 a', 6 a', 7, and 8 were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction.

  17. Cationic copper (I) complexes with bulky 1,4-diaza-1,3-butadiene ligands - Synthesis, solid state structure and catalysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anga, Srinivas; Kottalanka, Ravi K.; Pal, Tigmansu; Panda, Tarun K.

    2013-05-01

    We report the full characterization of two glyoxal-based ligands N,N bis(diphenylmethyl)-1,4-diaza-1,3-butadiene ligand (DADPh2, 1) and more bulky N,N bis(triphenylmethyl)-1,4-diaza-1,3-butadiene ligand (DADPh3, 2) by the condensation reaction of glyoxal and diphenylmethanamine and triphenyl-methanamine respectively. The copper (I) complex of composition [Cu(DADPh2)2]PF6 (3) having two neutral bidentate N,N bis(diphenyl-methyl)-1,4-diaza-1,3-butadiene ligand was prepared by the reaction of [Cu(CH3CN)4]PF6 and 1 in 1:2 ratio in dichloromethane. In a similar reaction with N,N bis(triphenylmethyl)-1,4-diaza-1,3-butadiene ligand (2) and [Cu(CH3CN)4]PF6 in dichloromethane yielded corresponding heteroleptic copper (I) complex [Cu(DADPh3)(CH3CN)2]PF6 (4). Another copper (I) complex [Cu(DADPh2)(PPh3)]PF6 (5) can also be obtained by the one pot reaction involving ligand 1, [Cu(CH3CN)4]PF6 and triphenylphosphine. Solid state structures of all the five compounds were established by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The solid state structures of the copper complexes 3-5 reveal a distorted tetrahedral geometry around the copper (I) centers. The copper complexes 3-5 were tested as catalysts for the coupling reaction of o-iodophenol and phenyl acetylene and it was observed that complex 4 exhibits the highest catalytic activity.

  18. Quinoxaline-2-carboxamide as a carrier ligand in two new platinum(II) compounds: Synthesis, crystal structure, cytotoxic activity and DNA interaction.

    PubMed

    Marqués-Gallego, Patricia; Gamiz-Gonzalez, M Amparo; Fortea-Pérez, Francisco R; Lutz, Martin; Spek, Anthony L; Pevec, Andrej; Kozlevčar, Bojan; Reedijk, Jan

    2010-06-01

    The search for platinum compounds structurally different from cisplatin has led to two new platinum(II) compounds containing quinoxaline-2-carboxamide as a carrier ligand, i.e. cis-[Pt(qnxca)(MeCN)Cl2] (1) and the [Pt(qnxca-H)(dmso)Cl] (2). Both compounds have been synthesized and characterized using different spectroscopic methods. In addition, single-crystal structures have been determined by X-Ray diffraction for both compounds. In each case a square planar Pt(II) is present; in (1) the qnxca is monodentate and neutral, whereas in (2) the ligand has lost a hydrogen, to form the anionic chelating ligand abbreviated as qnxca-H. The biological activity of both compounds has been investigated in a panel of seven human tumour cells, displaying poor cytotoxic activity, compared to cisplatin. The interaction of the new compounds with 1 or 2 equiv. of 9-ethylguanine has been studied using (1)H NMR, (195)Pt NMR and ESI-MS spectroscopy, finding poor reactivity of 1 towards the model base, forming only the monosubstituted adduct. Surprisingly, compound 2, which is more sterically crowded, interacts more efficiently with the 9-EtG, forming a bifunctional adduct with two 9-EtG with substitution of the dmso and the chloride ligand. Unwinding studies of pUC19 plasmid DNA by compound 1 show similar unwinding properties to cisplatin.

  19. A two-dimensional zinc(II) coordination polymer based on mixed dimethyl succinate and bipyridine ligands: synthesis, structure, thermostability and luminescence properties.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yang; Feng, Yong Lan; Fu, Wei Wei

    2016-04-01

    From the viewpoint of crystal engineering, the construction of crystalline polymeric materials requires a rational choice of organic bridging ligands for the self-assembly process. Multicarboxylate ligands are of particular interest due to their strong coordination activity towards metal ions, as well as their various coordination modes and versatile conformations. The structural chemistry of dicarboxylate-based coordination polymers of transition metals has been developed through the grafting of N-containing organic linkers into carboxylate-bridged transition metal networks. A new luminescent two-dimensional zinc(II) coordination polymer containing bridging 2,2-dimethylsuccinate and 4,4'-bipyridine ligands, namely poly[[aqua(μ2-4,4'-bipyridine-κ(2)N:N')bis(μ3-2,2-dimethylbutanedioato)-κ(4)O(1),O(1'):O(4):O(4');κ(5)O(1):O(1),O(4):O(4),O(4')-dizinc(II)] dihydrate], {[Zn2(C6H8O4)2(C10H8N2)(H2O)]·2H2O}n, has been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and elemental, IR and thermogravimetric analyses. In the structure, the 2,2-dimethylsuccinate ligands link linear tetranuclear Zn(II) subunits into one-dimensional chains along the c axis. 4,4'-Bipyridine acts as a tethering ligand expanding these one-dimensional chains into a two-dimensional layered structure. Hydrogen-bonding interactions between the water molecules (both coordinated and free) and carboxylate O atoms strengthen the packing of the layers. Furthermore, the luminescence properties of the complex were investigated. The compound exhibits a blue photoluminescence in the solid state at room temperature and may be a good candidate for potential hybrid inorganic-organic photoactive materials.

  20. Bio-sensitive activities of coordination compounds containing 1,10-phenanthroline as co-ligand: Synthesis, structural elucidation and DNA binding properties of metal(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raman, Natarajan; Mahalakshmi, Rajkumar; Mitu, Liviu

    2014-10-01

    Present work reports the DNA binding and cleavage characteristics of a series of mixed-ligand complexes having the composition [M(L)(phen)2]Cl2 (where M = Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II) and Zn(II) and phen as co-ligand) in detail. Their structural features and other properties have been deduced from their elemental analyses, magnetic susceptibility and molar conductivity as well as from IR, UV-Vis, 1H NMR and EPR spectral studies. The UV-Vis, magnetic susceptibility and EPR spectral data of metal complexes suggest an octahedral geometry. The binding properties of these complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) have been explored using electronic absorption spectroscopy, viscosity measurement, cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry. The DNA-binding constants for Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), and Zn(II) complexes are 6.14 × 105 M-1, 1.8 × 105 M-1, 6.7 × 104 M-1 and 2.5 × 104 M-1 respectively. Detailed analysis reveals that these complexes interact with DNA through intercalation binding. Nuclease activity has also been investigated by gel electrophoresis. Moreover, the synthesized Schiff base and its mixed-ligand complexes have been screened for antibacterial and antifungal activities. The data reveal that the complexes exhibit higher activity than the parent ligand.

  1. Synthesis and structural characterisation of Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes with a flexible, ferrocene-based P,S-donor amidophosphine ligand.

    PubMed

    Tauchman, Jiří; Císařová, Ivana; Stěpnička, Petr

    2014-01-28

    1'-Diphenylphosphino-1-{[(2-(methylthio)ethyl)amino]carbonyl}ferrocene (1), accessible via amidation of 1'-(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene-1-carboxylic acid (Hdpf) with 2-(methylthio)ethylamine, reacts with [PdCl2(cod)] (cod = cycloocta-1,5-diene) at a 1 : 1 metal-to-ligand ratio to give trans-[PdCl2(1-κ(2)P,S)] (trans-2) as the sole product. A similar reaction with [PtCl2(cod)] affords a mixture of cis- and trans-[PtCl2(1-κ(2)P,S)] (cis- and trans-3), which can be separated by fractional crystallisation. Complexation reactions performed with 2 equiv. of the ligand are less selective, yielding mixtures of the expected bis-phosphine complexes (i.e., trans-[PdCl2(1-κP)2], or a mixture of cis- and trans-[PtCl2(-κP)2]) with the respective monophosphine complexes. The structures of 1, trans-2, cis-3 and trans-3 determined by X-ray diffraction demonstrate the ability of the title ligand to act as a flexible cis- or trans-P,S-chelate donor (the ligand bite angles are 174.03(2)/173.05(2)° for trans-2/3 and 92.86(2)° for cis-3).

  2. Synthesis, Reactivity Investigation, and X-ray Diffraction Structures of New Platinum(II) Compounds Containing Redox-Active Diphosphine Ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Xiaoping; Richmond, Michael G.; Hunt, Sean W

    2009-01-01

    Substitution of the 1,5-cyclooctadiene (cod) ligand in PtCl2(cod) (1) by the diphosphine ligand 4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-4-cyclopenten-1,3-dione (bpcd) yields PtCl2(bpcd) (2). Knoevenagel condensation of 2 with 9-anthracenecarboxaldehyde leads to the functionalization of the bpcd ligand and formation of the corresponding 2-(9-anthracenylidene)-4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-4-cyclopenten-1,3-dione (abpcd) substituted compound PtCl2(abpcd) (3), which is also obtained from the direct reaction of 1 with the abpcd ligand in near quantitative yield. The reaction of 3 with disodium maleonitriledithiolate (Na2mnt) affords the chelating dithiolate compound Pt(mnt)(abpcd) (4). Compounds 2 C4 have been fully characterized in solution by IR and NMR spectroscopies (1H and 31P), and their molecular structures established by X-ray crystallography. The electrochemical properties of 2 C4 have examined by cyclic voltammetry, and the nature of the HOMO and LUMO levels in these systems has been established by MO calculations at the extended H ckel level, the results of which are discussed with respect to electrochemical data and related diphosphine derivatives.

  3. Synthesis and characterisation of nonclassical ruthenium hydride complexes containing chelating bidentate and tridentate phosphine ligands.

    PubMed

    Prechtl, Martin H G; Ben-David, Yehoshoa; Giunta, Daniela; Busch, Stefan; Taniguchi, Yuki; Wisniewski, Wolfgang; Görls, Helmar; Mynott, Richard J; Theyssen, Nils; Milstein, David; Leitner, Walter

    2007-01-01

    The synthesis and characterisation of nonclassical ruthenium hydride complexes containing bidentate PP and tridentate PCP and PNP pincer-type ligands are described. The mononuclear and dinuclear ruthenium complexes presented have been synthesised in moderate to high yields by the direct hydrogenation route (one-pot synthesis) or in a two-step procedure. In both cases [Ru(cod)(metallyl)(2)] served as a readily available precursor. The influences of the coordination geometry and the ligand framework on the structure, binding, and chemical properties of the M--H(2) fragments were studied by X-ray crystal structure analysis, spectroscopic methods, and reactivity towards N(2), D(2), and deuterated solvents.

  4. Synthesis, characterization, crystal structure and HSA binding of two new N,O,O-donor Schiff-base ligands derived from dihydroxybenzaldehyde and tert-butylamine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khosravi, Iman; Hosseini, Farnaz; Khorshidifard, Mahsa; Sahihi, Mehdi; Rudbari, Hadi Amiri

    2016-09-01

    Two new o-hydroxy Schiff-bases compounds, L1 and L2, were derived from the 1:1 M condensation of 2,3-dihydroxybenzaldehyde and 2,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde with tert-butylamine and were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopies. The crystal structure of L2 was also determined by single crystal X-ray analysis. The crystal structure of L2 showed that the compound exists as a zwitterionic form in the solid state, with the H atom of the phenol group being transferred to the imine N atom. It adopts an E configuration about the central Cdbnd N double bond. Furthermore, binding of these Schiff base ligands to Human Serum Albumin (HSA) was investigated by fluorescence quenching, absorption spectroscopy, molecular docking and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation methods. The fluorescence emission of HSA was quenched by ligands. Also, suitable models were used to analyze the UV-vis absorption spectroscopy data for titration of HSA solution by various amounts of Schiff bases. The spectroscopic studies revealed that these Schiff bases formed 1:1 complex with HSA. Energy transfer mechanism of quenching was discussed and the values of 3.35 and 1.57 nm as the mean distances between the bound ligands and the HSA were calculated for L1 and L2, respectively. Molecular docking results indicated that the main active binding site for these Schiff bases ligands is in subdomain IB. Moreover, MD simulation results suggested that this Schiff base complex can interact with HSA, with a slight modification of its tertiary structure.

  5. Bio-relevant complexes of novel N2O2 type heterocyclic ligand: Synthesis, structural elucidation, biological evaluation and docking studies.

    PubMed

    Arun, T; Packianathan, S; Malarvizhi, M; Antony, R; Raman, N

    2015-08-01

    Organic and inorganic entities [Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II)] have been bridged by N2O2 type heterocyclic imine (CN) ligand for the synthesis of novel organic-inorganic bridged complexes of the type [M(H2L)]. The synthesized complexes were characterized by spectral techniques such as FT-IR, UV-visible, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, EPR, ESI-Mass, elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility and molar conductivity measurements. The metal complexes adopt square planar geometrical arrangement around the metal ions. DNA binding ability of these complexes has been explored by different techniques viz. electronic absorption, fluorescence, cyclic voltammetry, differential pulse voltammetry and viscosity measurements. These studies prove that CT DNA interaction of the complexes follows intercalation mode. The oxidative cleavage of the complexes with pUC19 DNA has been investigated by gel electrophoresis. Molecular docking calculations have been performed to understand the nature of binding of the complexes with DNA. Moreover, the anti-pathogenic actions of the complexes were tested in vitro against few bacteria and fungi by disk diffusion method. The data reveal that the complexes have higher anti-pathogenic activity than the ligand.

  6. Two 2D Cd(II) coordination polymers based on asymmetrical Schiff-base ligand: Synthesis, crystal structures and luminescent properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dang, Dong-Bin; Li, Meng-Meng; Bai, Yan; Zhou, Rui-Min

    2013-02-01

    Two new two-dimensional coordination polymers [Cd3L2(SCN)6]n (1) and [CdLI2]n (2) have been synthesized and characterized by IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, TG technique, XRPD and complete single crystal structure analysis, where L is 4-(pyridine-2-yl)methyleneamino-1,2,4-trizaole. Asymmetrical Schiff-base ligand L with five- and six-membered N-containing heterocyclic rings acts as a tridentate bridging ligand to bind two Cd(II) centers through one terminal Ntriazolyl and one pyridylimine chelate unit in 1 and 2. For polymer 1, tridentate bridging ligands link Cd-(1,3-μ-SCN-) 1D inorganic chains to form a 2D layer network. The existence of Csbnd H⋯π and πsbnd π stacking interactions between 2D hybrid layers further gives rise to a 3D supramolecular network. In comparison with 1, polymer 2 shows a 2D layer network containing hexanuclear macrometallacyclic units. The 2D layers are staggered together through the combination of Csbnd H⋯π and πsbnd π stacking interactions and forming a 3D supramolecular structure. The luminescent properties of the polymers 1 and 2 were investigated in the solid state at room temperature.

  7. Synthesis, structures and properties of Ag+ complexes containing polyphosphine ligands with extended Ag⋯C, N-O⋯π and C-H⋯π interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Ting-Hong; Yang, Hu; Yang, Guo; Li, Yanfen; Huang, Li-Li

    2016-08-01

    Based on ligands of N,N-bis((diphenylphosphino)methyl)benzenamine (pba), 4-(4-(bis((diphenylphosphino)methyl)amino)benzyl)-N-((diphenylphosphino)methyl)benzenamine (dptp) and N,N,N‧,N‧-tetrakis((diphenylphosphino)methyl)benzene-1,4-diamine (pbaa), three new silver(I) complexes [Ag(pba)2]ClO4 (1), [Ag2(dptp)2](ClO4)2·2DMF (2) and [Ag4(pbaa)(NO3)4]n (3), have been synthesized and characterized. Structural analysis reveals that all of these complexes contain the 1D infinite chains, with different variations in the weak interactions. Complexes 1 and 2 are interconnected by intermolecular C-H⋯π interactions to form 1D infinite chains and 2D networks, and the ordered-layer-lattic ClO4- and DMF in 2 are between 2D networks. For 3, the pbaa ligand adopts a tetradentate coordination mode to link two adjacent stair-like [Ag4O4] cores resulting in a 1D chain, respectively, with Ag⋯C, N-O⋯π and C-H⋯π interactions. All these show that phosphine ligands play an important role in the construction of interesting topological structures with different types of the weak interactions.

  8. Synthesis, spectral and structural characterization of a novel phenoxo-bridged dinuclear Co II complex with a tridentate phenol-functionalized diazamesocyclic ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Du, Miao; An, Dao-Li; Guo, Ya-Mei; Bu, Xian-He

    2002-11-01

    A novel phenoxo-bridged dinuclear Co II complex with a diazamesocyclic ligand bearing one additional phenol functional donor group, [CoLCl] 2·2C 3H 6O ( 1) (where HL=1-(2-hydroxybenzyl)-1,5-diazacyclooctane), has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, conductance, thermal analyses, IR and UV-vis spectra. The crystal structure of complex 1 has been determined by X-ray diffraction technique, which reveals that it is a neutral complex and resides on a crystallographic inversion center. The two Co II centers bridged by the phenoxo groups are penta-coordinated, taking a coordination sphere in the midst of the ideal square-pyramid and trigonal bipyramid. 1,5-Diazacyclooctane of the ligand takes a boat/ chair conformation and an H atom from it effectively blocks the axial coordination site opposite the Cl - ligand to form CoN 2O 2Cl geometry. The crystal structure is stabilized by the N-H⋯O hydrogen bond between the amino group and the acetone molecule.

  9. The first metal phosphate incorporating isonicotinate ligand: synthesis, crystal structure, and solid-state NMR spectroscopy of Zn(HINT)(HPO 4)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Chih-Min; Chuang, Shiuan-Ting; Chuang, Ya-Lan; Kao, Hsien-Ming; Lii, Kwang-Hwa

    2004-04-01

    The first metal phosphate incorporating isonicotinate ligand, Zn(HINT)(HPO 4), was hydrothermally synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and solid-state NMR spectroscopy. This compound crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2 1/ c with cell parameters a=20.5643(8) Å, b=8.5169(4) Å, c=10.3928(4) Å, β=97.466(1)°, and Z=8. The structure consists of 2D neutral sheets of zinc hydrogen phosphate with the dipolar isonicotinate ligand being coordinated to zinc as a pendent group. Adjacent sheets are connected by hydrogen bonding. The 1H magic angle spinning NMR spectrum exhibits three resonances at 15.5, 8.1, and 4.8 ppm with an intensity ratio close to 1:4:1, corresponding to two different types of protons in isonicotinate ligand and one type of protons in hydrogen phosphate groups. The peak at 15.5 ppm can be assigned to the proton bonded to the pyridine nitrogen atom, which confirms the presence of +HNC 5H 4COO -.

  10. A new nano-scale manganese (II) coordination polymer constructed from semicarbazone Schiff base and dicyanamide ligands: Synthesis, crystal structure and DFT calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Farhadi, Saeed; Mahmoudi, Farzaneh; Simpson, Jim

    2016-03-01

    A new nano-structured Mn(II) coordination polymer [Mn(HL)(dca)(Cl)]n(1), [HL= Pyridine-2-carbaldehyde semicarbazone, dca= dicyanamide] has been synthesized by a sonochemical method and has been characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction elemental analysis and IR spectroscopy. Single crystals of compound 1 was synthesized by slow evaporation method and was structurally characterised by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The single crystal structure shows one dimensional zig-zag chains with end-to-end dicyanamide-bridged ligand. A distorted octahedral geometry around the Mn2+centers was achieved by NNO atoms from HL, two nitrogen atoms of dicyanamide and one chlorine atom. Also for more details, the structure of 1, has been optimized by density functional theory (DFT calculations).

  11. Synthesis, structure, spectra and reactivity of iron(III) complexes of imidazole and pyrazole containing ligands as functional models for catechol dioxygenases.

    PubMed

    Dhanalakshmi, Thirumanasekaran; Suresh, Eringathodi; Palaniandavar, Mallayan

    2009-10-21

    A series of new 1 : 1 iron(iii) complexes of the type [Fe()Cl(3)], where is a tridentate 3N donor ligand, has been isolated and studied as functional models for catechol dioxygenases. The ligands (1-methyl-1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)pyrid-2-ylmethyl-amine (), N,N-dimethyl-N'-(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)ethane-1,2-diamine () and N-(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)-N'-phenylethane-1,2-diamine () are linear while the ligands tris(1-pyrazolyl)methane (), tris(3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl)methane () and tris(3-iso-propylpyrazolyl)methane () are tripodal ones. All the complexes have been characterized by spectral and electrochemical methods. The X-ray crystal structure of the dinuclear catecholate adduct [Fe()(TCC)](2)O, where TCC(2-) is a tetrachlorocatecholate dianion, has been successfully determined. In this complex both the iron(iii) atoms are bridged by a mu-oxo group and each iron(iii) center possesses a distorted octahedral coordination geometry in which the ligand is facially coordinated and the remaining coordination sites are occupied by the TCC(2-) dianion. Spectral studies suggest that addition of a base like Et(3)N induces the mononuclear complex species [Fe()(TCC)Cl] to dimerize forming a mu-oxo-bridged complex. The spectral and electrochemical properties of the catecholate adducts of the complexes generated in situ reveal that a systematic variation in the ligand donor atom type significantly influences the Lewis acidity of the iron(iii) center and hence the interaction of the complexes with simple and substituted catechols. The 3,5-di-tert-butylcatecholate (DBC(2-)) adducts of the type [Fe()(DBC)Cl], where is a linear tridentate ligand (), undergo mainly oxidative intradiol cleavage of the catechol in the presence of dioxygen. Also, the extradiol-to-intradiol product selectivity (E : I) is enhanced upon removal of the coordinated chloride ion in these adducts to obtain [Fe()(DBC)(Sol)](+) and upon incorporating coordinated N-methylimidazolyl nitrogen in

  12. Ni(II) and Pd(II) complexes with new N,O donor thiophene appended Schiff base ligand: Synthesis, electrochemistry, X-ray structure and DFT calculation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kundu, Subhankar; Pramanik, Ajoy Kumar; Mondal, Apurba Sau; Mondal, Tapan Kumar

    2016-07-01

    The thiophene appended Schiff's base ligand, 1-(2-(thiophen-2-yl)ethylimino)methyl)naphthalene-2-ol (HL) with N,O donor sites has been synthesized by the condensation between 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde and thiophene-2-ethylamine. The square planar 1:2 complexes of HL having general formula [M(L)2] (M = Ni(1) and Pd(2)) with nickel(II) and palladium(II) have been synthesized and characterized by several spectroscopic techniques. The geometry has been confirmed by single crystal X-ray study for complex 1. The electronic structure and spectral properties of the complexes are interpreted by DFT and TDDFT studies.

  13. Dinuclear methoxido-bridged Cu(II) compounds with 7-azaindole as a ligand: Synthesis, characterization and X-ray structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Albada, Gerard A.; van der Horst, Maarten G.; Mutikainen, Ilpo; Turpeinen, Urho; Reedijk, Jan

    2011-05-01

    Three novel methoxido-bridged dinuclear Cu(II) compounds with the ligand 7-azaindole (abbreviated as Haza), i.e. [Cu 2(Haza) 4(CH 3O) 2(ClO 4) 2] ( 1), [Cu 2(Haza) 4(CH 3O) 2(CF 3SO 3) 2] ( 2) and [Cu 2(Haza) 4(CH 3O) 2(NO 3) 2] ( 3) have been synthesized and fully characterized by spectroscopy, EPR and X-ray structure analysis. The Cu(II) ions show a tetragonally distorted octahedral geometry, with a CuN 2O 2 chromophore in the basal plane.

  14. Design synthesis and structure-activity relationship of 5-substituted (tetrahydronaphthalen-2yl)methyl with N-phenyl-N-(piperidin-2-yl)propionamide derivatives as opioid ligands.

    PubMed

    Deekonda, Srinivas; Rankin, David; Davis, Peg; Lai, Josephine; Vanderah, Todd W; Porecca, Frank; Hruby, Victor J

    2016-01-15

    Here, we report the design, synthesis and structure activity relationship of novel small molecule opioid ligands based on 5-amino substituted (tetrahydronaphthalen-2-yl)methyl moiety with N-phenyl-N-(piperidin-2-yl)propionamide derivatives. We synthesized various molecules including amino, amide and hydroxy substitution on the 5th position of the (tetrahydronaphthalen-2-yl)methyl moiety. In our further designs we replaced the (tetrahydronaphthalen-2-yl)methyl moiety with benzyl and phenethyl moiety. These N-phenyl-N-(piperidin-2-yl)propionamide analogues showed moderate to good binding affinities (850-4 nM) and were selective towards the μ opioid receptor over the δ opioid receptors. From the structure activity relationship studies, we found that a hydroxyl substitution at the 5th position of (tetrahydronapthalen-2yl)methyl group, ligands 19 and 20, showed excellent binding affinities 4 and 5 nM, respectively, and 1000 fold selectivity towards the μ opioid relative to the delta opioid receptor. The ligand 19 showed potent agonist activities 75±21 nM, and 190±42 nM in the GPI and MVD assays. Surprisingly the fluoro analogue 20 showed good agonist activities in MVD assays 170±42 nM, in contrast to its binding affinity results.

  15. Efficient chemoenzymatic synthesis of chiral pincer ligands.

    PubMed

    Felluga, Fulvia; Baratta, Walter; Fanfoni, Lidia; Pitacco, Giuliana; Rigo, Pierluigi; Benedetti, Fabio

    2009-05-01

    Chiral, nonracemic pincer ligands based on the 6-phenyl-2-aminomethylpyridine and 2-aminomethylbenzo[h]quinoline scaffolds were obtained by a chemoenzymatic approach starting from 2-pyridyl and 2-benzoquinolyl ethanone. In the enantiodifferentiating step, secondary alcohols of opposite absolute configuration were obtained by a baker's yeast reduction of the ketones and by lipase-mediated dynamic kinetic resolution of the racemic alcohols. Their transformation into homochiral 1-methyl-1-heteroarylethanamines occurred without loss of optical purity, giving access to pincer ligands used in enantioselective catalysis.

  16. Synthesis, crystal structure, spectroscopy and magnetic properties of a dinuclear Cu II complex with 3,5-bis(2-pyridyl)pyrazole bridging ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Du, Miao; Chen, Shen-Tan; Guo, Ya-Mei; Bu, Xian-He; Ribas, Joan

    2005-02-01

    A dinuclear Cu II complex [Cu 2(bpp) 2(H 2O) 2](ClO 4) 2 ( 1) with 3,5-bis(2-pyridyl)pyrazole (Hbpp), has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, thermal analysis, conductance, UV-vis and IR spectra. The crystal structure of 1, determined by X-ray diffraction technique, reveals that two centrosymmetric Cu II centers are bridged by a pair of tetradentate anionic bpp ligands, adopting a square-pyramidal environment with the water ligand occupying the axial site. An interesting feature of this structure is the formation of a two-dimensional supramolecular network through O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds between the water moieties of the cationic [Cu 2(bpp) 2(H 2O) 2] 2+ subunits and perchlorate anions. The magnetic properties of 1 have been investigated by variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility and EPR measurements. Very strong antiferromagnetic interaction between the Cu II centers (with H=- JS1S2, J=-368.3 cm -1) has been observed, and the magneto-structural correlations was analyzed.

  17. Synthesis, crystal structures, and properties of two novel cadmium(II)-organic frameworks based on asymmetric dicarboxylate and N-donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Xiaoli; Gao, Loujun; Zhang, Xiaoge; Han, Xuhua; Wang, Yao; Sun, Rong

    2014-08-01

    Two novel cadmium(II)-organic frameworks with asymmetric dicarboxylate and N-donor ligands, namely [Cd(cpa)(phen)]n (1) and {[Cd2(cpa)2(bpy)1.5]·0.5H2O}n (2) (H2cpa = 3-(4-benzoic)propionic acid, phen = 1,10-phenanthroline, bpy = 4,4";-bipyridine) have been hydrothermally synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, FT-IR spectra, single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses, TGA, powder XRD and fluorescent measurements. 1 displays a double zigzag chain structure containing 8-number and 22-number circles. 2 Shows a 6-connected 3D polymer network based on tetranuclear cadmium cluster units. The most striking feature of 2 is that a pair of identical 3D networks are interlocked with each other to the form a 2-fold interpenetrated 3D α-Po structural topology. The diverse structures of two complexes indicate that the skeleton of N-donor ligands plays a great role in the assembly of such different frameworks. In addition, the thermal stabilities, XRD and photoluminescence properties of 1-2 were also studied.

  18. Structure-guided development of heterodimer-selective GPCR ligands

    PubMed Central

    Hübner, Harald; Schellhorn, Tamara; Gienger, Marie; Schaab, Carolin; Kaindl, Jonas; Leeb, Laurin; Clark, Timothy; Möller, Dorothee; Gmeiner, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Crystal structures of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) ligand complexes allow a rational design of novel molecular probes and drugs. Here we report the structure-guided design, chemical synthesis and biological investigations of bivalent ligands for dopamine D2 receptor/neurotensin NTS1 receptor (D2R/NTS1R) heterodimers. The compounds of types 1–3 consist of three different D2R pharmacophores bound to an affinity-generating lipophilic appendage, a polyethylene glycol-based linker and the NTS1R agonist NT(8-13). The bivalent ligands show binding affinity in the picomolar range for cells coexpressing both GPCRs and unprecedented selectivity (up to three orders of magnitude), compared with cells that only express D2Rs. A functional switch is observed for the bivalent ligands 3b,c inhibiting cAMP formation in cells singly expressing D2Rs but stimulating cAMP accumulation in D2R/NTS1R-coexpressing cells. Moreover, the newly synthesized bivalent ligands show a strong, predominantly NTS1R-mediated β-arrestin-2 recruitment at the D2R/NTS1R-coexpressing cells. PMID:27457610

  19. Ruthenium(III) chloride complex with a tridentate bis(arylimino)pyridine ligand: synthesis, spectra, X-ray structure, 9-ethylguanine binding pattern, and in vitro cytotoxicity.

    PubMed

    Garza-Ortiz, Ariadna; Maheswari, Palanisamy Uma; Siegler, Maxime; Spek, Anthony L; Reedijk, Jan

    2008-08-01

    The synthetic, spectroscopic, structural, and biological studies of a bis(arylimino)pyridine Ru(III) chloride compound containing the ligand, 2,6-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyliminomethyl)pyridine are reported. The bis(arylimino)pyridine ligand, with three donor nitrogen atoms, was synthesized by condensation of 2,6-pyridinedicarboxaldehyde with 2,4,6-trimethylaniline. The Ru(III) complex, with formula [RuCl 3(L1)](H 2O) (RuL1), where L1 = 2,6-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyliminomethyl)pyridine, was structurally determined on the basis of analytical and spectroscopic (IR, UV-vis, ESI-MS) studies. A straightforward strategy to fully characterize the paramagnetic compound using advanced (1)H NMR is reported. This new complex is a prototype for a series of new anticancer Ru(III) and Ru(II) compounds with improved cytostatic properties; likely to be modified in a desirable manner due to the relatively facile ligand modification of the bis(imino)pyridines and their molecular architecture. The present Ru(III) complex is the first example of this family of Ru(III)/Ru(II) anticancer compounds with the aimed physicochemical characteristics. Although the ligand itself is moderately active in selected cell lines (EVSA-T and MCF-7), the activity of the [Ru(L1)Cl 3] complex has increased significantly for a broad range of cancer cell lines tested in vitro (IC 50 values = 11 approximately 17 microM). Reaction of the RuL1 species with the DNA model base 9-ethylguanine (9EtGua) was found to produce in a redox reaction the species trans-[Ru(II)(L1)(9EtGua) 2(H 2O)](ClO 4) 2 (abbreviated as RuL1-9EtGua), which was studied in solution and also in the solid state, by X-ray crystallography. The structure comprises the as yet unknown trans-bis(purine)Ru(II) unit. PMID:18593112

  20. Troponate/Aminotroponate Ruthenium-Arene Complexes: Synthesis, Structure, and Ligand-Tuned Mechanistic Pathway for Direct C-H Bond Arylation with Aryl Chlorides in Water.

    PubMed

    Dwivedi, Ambikesh D; Binnani, Chinky; Tyagi, Deepika; Rawat, Kuber S; Li, Pei-Zhou; Zhao, Yanli; Mobin, Shaikh M; Pathak, Biswarup; Singh, Sanjay K

    2016-07-01

    A series of water-soluble troponate/aminotroponate ruthenium(II)-arene complexes were synthesized, where O,O and N,O chelating troponate/aminotroponate ligands stabilized the piano-stool mononuclear ruthenium-arene complexes. Structural identities for two of the representating complexes were also established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. These newly synthesized troponate/aminotroponate ruthenium-arene complexes enable efficient C-H bond arylation of arylpyridine in water. The unique structure-activity relationship in these complexes is the key to achieve efficient direct C-H bond arylation of arylpyridine. Moreover, the steric bulkiness of the carboxylate additives systematically directs the selectivity toward mono- versus diarylation of arylpyridines. Detailed mechanistic studies were performed using mass-spectral studies including identification of several key cyclometalated intermediates. These studies provided strong support for an initial cycloruthenation driven by carbonate-assisted deprotonation of 2-phenylpyridine, where the relative strength of η(6)-arene and the troponate/aminotroponate ligand drives the formation of cyclometalated 2-phenylpyridine Ru-arene species, [(η(6)-arene)Ru(κ(2)-C,N-phenylpyridine) (OH2)](+) by elimination of troponate/aminotroponate ligands and retaining η(6)-arene, while cyclometalated 2-phenylpyridine Ru-troponate/aminotroponate species [(κ (2)-troponate/aminotroponate)Ru(κ(2)-C,N-phenylpyridine)(OH2)2] was generated by decoordination of η(6)-arene ring during initial C-H bond activation of 2-phenylpyridine. Along with the experimental mass-spectral evidence, density functional theory calculation also supports the formation of such species for these complexes. Subsequently, these cycloruthenated products activate aryl chloride by facile oxidative addition to generate C-H arylated products. PMID:27305143

  1. A new 3D Co(II)–organic framework with acylamide-containing tetracarboxylate ligand: Solvothermal synthesis, crystal structure, gas adsorption and magnetic property

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Qingfu Zhang, Haina; Geng, Aijing; Wang, Suna; Zhang, Chong

    2014-04-01

    A new cobalt(II)–organic framework, [Co{sub 2}(L)(py){sub 2}(DMSO)]{sub n}• 0.5nDMF• 2nDMSO (1) [H{sub 4}L=5,5'-((naphthalene-2,6-dicarbonyl)bis(azanediyl))diisophthalic acid, py=pyridine, DMSO=dimethyl sulfoxide, DMF=N,N-dimethylformamide], has been solvothermally synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, TGA, PXRD and single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The structural analysis reveals that complex 1 is a 3D framework built from nanosized acylamide-containing tetracarboxylate ligands (L{sup 4−}) and dinuclear [Co{sub 2}(CO{sub 2}){sub 4}] secondary building units (SBUs), exhibiting a uninodal (4,4)-connected crb topology with the Schläfli symbol of (4• 6{sup 5}). The desolvated complex (1a) displays higher adsorption capability for CO{sub 2} than N{sub 2}, which may be due to the relatively strong binding affinity between the CO{sub 2} molecules and acylamide groups in the framework. The magnetic investigation shows that the dominant antiferromagnetic interaction is observed in complex 1. - Graphical abstract: A new 3D Co(II)–organic framework with nanosized acylamide-containing tetracarboxylate ligand was solvothermally synthesized and structurally characterized, its thermal stability, gas adsorption and magnetic property were studied. - Highlights: • A new 3D Co(II)–organic framework with nanosized acylamide-containing tetracarboxylate ligand has been solvothermally synthesized and characterized. • Complex 1 exhibits a uninodal (4,4)-connected crb topology. • The thermal stability, gas adsorption and magnetic property were studied.

  2. Troponate/Aminotroponate Ruthenium-Arene Complexes: Synthesis, Structure, and Ligand-Tuned Mechanistic Pathway for Direct C-H Bond Arylation with Aryl Chlorides in Water.

    PubMed

    Dwivedi, Ambikesh D; Binnani, Chinky; Tyagi, Deepika; Rawat, Kuber S; Li, Pei-Zhou; Zhao, Yanli; Mobin, Shaikh M; Pathak, Biswarup; Singh, Sanjay K

    2016-07-01

    A series of water-soluble troponate/aminotroponate ruthenium(II)-arene complexes were synthesized, where O,O and N,O chelating troponate/aminotroponate ligands stabilized the piano-stool mononuclear ruthenium-arene complexes. Structural identities for two of the representating complexes were also established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. These newly synthesized troponate/aminotroponate ruthenium-arene complexes enable efficient C-H bond arylation of arylpyridine in water. The unique structure-activity relationship in these complexes is the key to achieve efficient direct C-H bond arylation of arylpyridine. Moreover, the steric bulkiness of the carboxylate additives systematically directs the selectivity toward mono- versus diarylation of arylpyridines. Detailed mechanistic studies were performed using mass-spectral studies including identification of several key cyclometalated intermediates. These studies provided strong support for an initial cycloruthenation driven by carbonate-assisted deprotonation of 2-phenylpyridine, where the relative strength of η(6)-arene and the troponate/aminotroponate ligand drives the formation of cyclometalated 2-phenylpyridine Ru-arene species, [(η(6)-arene)Ru(κ(2)-C,N-phenylpyridine) (OH2)](+) by elimination of troponate/aminotroponate ligands and retaining η(6)-arene, while cyclometalated 2-phenylpyridine Ru-troponate/aminotroponate species [(κ (2)-troponate/aminotroponate)Ru(κ(2)-C,N-phenylpyridine)(OH2)2] was generated by decoordination of η(6)-arene ring during initial C-H bond activation of 2-phenylpyridine. Along with the experimental mass-spectral evidence, density functional theory calculation also supports the formation of such species for these complexes. Subsequently, these cycloruthenated products activate aryl chloride by facile oxidative addition to generate C-H arylated products.

  3. Rare-earth dichloro and bis(alkyl) complexes supported by bulky amido-imino ligand. Synthesis, structure, reactivity and catalytic activity in isoprene polymerization.

    PubMed

    Kissel, Alexander A; Lyubov, Dmitry M; Mahrova, Tatyana V; Fukin, Georgy K; Cherkasov, Anton V; Glukhova, Tatyana A; Cui, Dongmei; Trifonov, Alexander A

    2013-07-01

    A monoanionic amido-imino ligand system [(2,6-iPr2C6H3)N=C(Me)C(=CH2)N(C6H3-2,6-iPr2)](-) was successfully employed for the synthesis of monomeric dichloro [(2,6-iPr2C6H3)N=C(Me)C(=CH2)N(C6H3-2,6-iPr2)]LnCl2(THF)2 (Ln = Y, 2Y; Lu, 2Lu) and bis(alkyl) [(2,6-iPr2C6H3)N=C(Me)C(=CH2)N(C6H3-2,6-iPr2)]Ln(CH2SiMe3)2(THF) (Ln = Y, 4Y; Lu, 4Lu) species of yttrium and lutetium. Dichloro complexes 2Y and 2Lu turned out to be unstable in aromatic solvents. The ligand symmetrization reaction in the case of 2Y affords the yttrium complex coordinated by dianionic [(2,6-iPr2C6H3)NC(=CH2)C(=CH2)N(C6H3-2,6-iPr2)](2-) ligand, (2,6-iPr2C6H3)N=C(Me)C(Me)=N(C6H3-2,6-iPr2) and YCl3. On the contrary, bis(alkyl) species 4Y and 4Lu are rather stable and do not undergo such a transformation or thermal decomposition. The treatment of complex 4Y with DME resulted in C-O bond cleavage and the formation of a dimeric methoxy-alkyl species {[(2,6-iPr2C6H3)N=C(Me)C(=CH2)N(C6H3-2,6-iPr2)]Y(CH2SiMe3)(μ-OMe)}2 (5). The ternary systems 4Ln/AliBu3/borate (borate = [HNMe2Ph][B(C6F5)4] and [CPh3][B(C6F5)4]; molar ratio 1 : 10 : 1) performed high catalytic activity in isoprene polymerization and ability to convert into polymer 1000-5000 equivalents of isoprene in 20-120 min with quantitative conversion. The obtained polyisoprenes possessed high molecular weights (2.9 × 10(4)-4.1 × 10(4)) and moderate polydispersities (2.14-3.52). Predominant 3,4-regioselectivity (up to 78%) was observed.

  4. Synthesis and structural characterization of new oxorhenium and oxotechnetium complexes with XN2S-tetradentate semi-rigid ligands (X = O, S, N).

    PubMed

    Le Gal, Julien; Tisato, Francesco; Bandoli, Giuliano; Gressier, Marie; Jaud, Joël; Michaud, Sandra; Dartiguenave, Michèle; Benoist, Eric

    2005-12-01

    Twelve novel oxo-technetium and oxo-rhenium complexes based on N2S2-, N2SO- or N3S-tetradentate semi-rigid ligands have been synthesised and studied herein. By reacting the ligands with a slight excess of suitable [MO]3+ precursor (ReOCl3(PPh3)2 or [NBu4][99gTcOCl4]), the monoanionic complexes of general formula [MO(Ph-XN2S)]- could be easily produced in high yield. The complexes have been characterized by means of IR, electrospray mass spectrometry, elemental analysis, NMR and conductimetry. The crystal structures of [PPh4][ReO(Ph-ON2S)] 1b and [NBu4][99gTcO(Ph-ON2S)] 1c have been established. The [MO]3+ moiety was coordinated via the two deprotonated amide nitrogens, the oxygen and the terminal sulfur atoms in 1b and 1c. In both compounds, the ON2S coordination set is in the equatorial plane, and the complexes adopted a distorted square-pyramidal geometry with an axial oxo-group. The chemical and structural identity of the different prototypic complexes (rhenium, 99gTc complexes and their corresponding 99mTc radiocomplexes) have been also established by a comparative HPLC study.

  5. Synthesis, structure information, DNA/BSA binding affinity and in vitro cytotoxic studies of mixed ligand copper(II) complexes containing a phenylalanine derivative and diimine co-ligands.

    PubMed

    Annaraj, B; Balakrishnan, C; Neelakantan, M A

    2016-07-01

    Binary [Cu(PAIC)(H2O)2]·H2O (1) and mixed ligand [Cu(PAIC)(L)]·2H2O complexes, where PAIC=phenylalanine imidazole carboxylic acid, L=diimine coligands [2,2'-bipyridine (bpy) (2) and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) (3)] have been synthesized and fully characterized by analytical and spectral techniques. The X-ray structure of [Cu(PAIC)(phen)]·2H2O (3) shows a N4O coordination with square pyramidal geometry around the copper (II) atom. The spin Hamiltonian parameters calculated for the complexes account for the distorted square planar structure and rules out the possibility of a trigonal bipyramidal structure. Interaction of the complexes (1-3) with calf thymus DNA (CT DNA) was studied by using different techniques (absorption titration, fluorescence quenching and thermal melting) and the studies suggest that these complexes bind to CT DNA through intercalation. The DNA-binding affinity of the complexes has further been explained by DFT computational results. Binding activity of Bovine serum albumin (BSA) reveals that the complexes can strongly quench the intrinsic fluorescence of BSA through a static quenching mechanism. DNA cleavage experiments using plasmid DNA pUC 19 show that the complexes exhibit efficient chemical nuclease activity even in the absence of any external additives. The cytotoxicity of the complexes against human normal cell line (HBL 100) and human breast cancer cell line (MCF-7) shows that metal complexation of the ligands results in a significant enhancement in the cell death of MCF-7. Finally, docking studies on DNA and protein binding interactions were performed. PMID:27155593

  6. Controlling the self-assembly of homochiral coordination architectures of Cu(II) by substitution in amino acid based ligands: synthesis, crystal structures and physicochemical properties.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Navnita; Khullar, Sadhika; Mandal, Sanjay K

    2015-03-28

    Through the strategic design of ligands based on amino acids, structural diversity in chiral coordination architectures of CuII is demonstrated with six new examples: {[Cu(L-HTyrbenz)2]·CH3OH·H2O}n (1), {[Cu(L-HSerbenz)2]·3H2O}n (2), {[Cu(L-HTyrthio)2]·H2O}n (3), [Cu(L-HTyr4-pyr)2(H2O)]·2H2O (4), [Cu(L-HSerthio)2(H2O)] (5), and [Cu(L-Phethio)2(H2O)]·3H2O (6) [where L-H2Tyrbenz = L-N-(benzyl)-tyrosine, L-H2Serbenz = L-N-(benzyl)-serine, L-H2Tyrthio = L-N-(methyl-2-thiophenyl)-tyrosine, L-H2Tyr4-pyr = L-N-(methyl-4-pyridyl)-tyrosine, L-H2Serthio = L-N-(methyl-2-thiophenyl)-serine and L-HPhethio = L-N-(methyl-2-thiophenyl)-phenylalanine]. For these 1:2 metal–ligand complexes, the availability of a donor atom (either from the phenolic OH group or the carboxylate group of one of the ligands) for bridging between the CuII centers results in the formation of coordination polymers (1–3), while no such availability allows a water molecule to occupy the fifth site around the CuII center to generate hydrogen bonded supramolecular assemblies (4–6). In 1, a coordination polymer is formed via a syn–anti bridging carboxylate, and the phenolic group has no role in its formation. To further emphasize this point, L-tyrosine in 1 is replaced with L-serine to form 2, in which an anti–anti bridging by the carboxylate group is observed. On the other hand, the formation of {[Cu(L-HTyrthio)2]·H2O}n (3) results from the growth of a spiral polymer via the unique phenolic bridging with a distance of 10.806(9) Å between two CuII centers. On changing from the L-H2Tyrbenz ligand to the L-H2Tyr4-pyr ligand (1vs.4), the strong hydrogen bonding of the pyridyl nitrogen with the phenolic group does not allow the latter to bind to CuII. Similarly, on changing from L-H2Tyrthio to L-H2Serthio (3vs.5), the length of the –CH2OH group in the latter is much less than the distance between the two CuII centers, therefore this group cannot occupy the fifth site and thus a water molecule is

  7. Synthesis, Structure-affinity Relationships and Radiolabeling of Selective High-affinity 5-HT4 Receptor Ligands as Prospective Imaging Probes for PET

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Rong; Hong, Jinsoo; Morse, Cheryl L.; Pike, Victor W.

    2010-01-01

    In a search for high-affinity receptor ligands that might serve for development as radioligands for the imaging of brain 5-HT4 receptors in vivo with positron emission tomography (PET), structural modifications were made to the high-affinity 5-HT4 antagonist, (1-butylpiperidin-4-yl)methyl 8-amino-7-iodo-2,3-dihydrobenzo[b][1,4]dioxine-5-carboxylate (1, SB 207710). These modifications were made mainly on the aryl side of the ester bond to permit possible rapid labeling of the carboxylic acid component with a positron-emitter, either carbon-11 (t1/2 = 20.4 min) or fluorine-18 (t1/2 = 109.7 min), and included, i) replacement of the iodine atom with a small substituent such as nitrile, methyl or fluoro, ii) methylation of the 8-amino group, iii) opening of the dioxan ring, and iv) alteration of the length of the N-alkyl goup. High-affinity ligands were discovered for recombinant human 5-HT4 receptors with amenability to labeling with a positron-emitter and potential for development as imaging probes. The ring-opened radioligand, (([methoxy-11C]1-butylpiperidin-4-yl)methyl 4-amino-3-methoxybenzoate; [11C]13), showed an especially favorable array of properties for future evaluation as a PET radioligand for brain 5-HT4 receptors. PMID:20812727

  8. Synthesis, crystal structure, DFT study and photocatalytic property of a new Ni(II) complex of a symmetric N2O4-donor bis-Schiff base ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Hu; Meng, Xiangmin; Fan, Chuanbin; Fan, Yuhua; Bi, Caifeng

    2016-03-01

    A new complex, Ni(C22H26N2O10S2)·2CH3OH, with a sexidentate (N2O4) symmetric bis-Schiff base ligand (C22H26N2O10S2 = 1,2-bis(2-methoxy-6-formylphenoxy)ethane-2-aminoethane-sulfonic acid) has been synthesized and characterized by physico-chemical and spectroscopic methods. The X-ray crystal structure shows that the Ni(II) atom of the complex is six-coordinated by two nitrogens from Cdbnd N groups, two oxygens from ether groups and two hydroxyl oxygens from sulfonic acid groups in the mono-ligand, forming a distorted octahedral geometry. Theoretical study of the complex is carried out by density functional theory (DFT) method and the B3LYP method employing the 6-3l+G* basis set. Moreover, the complex proved to be good candidate for the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue.

  9. Synthesis, structure-affinity relationships, and radiolabeling of selective high-affinity 5-HT4 receptor ligands as prospective imaging probes for positron emission tomography.

    PubMed

    Xu, Rong; Hong, Jinsoo; Morse, Cheryl L; Pike, Victor W

    2010-10-14

    In a search for high-affinity receptor ligands that might serve for development as radioligands for the imaging of brain 5-HT(4) receptors in vivo with positron emission tomography (PET), structural modifications were made to the high-affinity 5-HT(4) antagonist (1-butylpiperidin-4-yl)methyl 8-amino-7-iodo-2,3-dihydrobenzo[b][1,4]dioxine-5-carboxylate (1, SB 207710). These modifications were made mainly on the aryl side of the ester bond to permit possible rapid labeling of the carboxylic acid component with a positron emitter, either carbon-11 (t(1/2) = 20.4 min) or fluorine-18 (t(1/2) = 109.7 min), and included (i) replacement of the iodine atom with a small substituent such as nitrile, methyl, or fluoro, (ii) methylation of the 8-amino group, (iii) opening of the dioxan ring, and (iv) alteration of the length of the N-alkyl goup. High-affinity ligands were discovered for recombinant human 5-HT(4) receptors with amenability to labeling with a positron emitter and potential for development as imaging probes. The ring-opened radioligand, (([methoxy-(11)C]1-butylpiperidin-4-yl)methyl 4-amino-3-methoxybenzoate; [(11)C]13), showed an especially favorable array of properties for future evaluation as a PET radioligand for brain 5-HT(4) receptors. PMID:20812727

  10. Synthesis, crystal structure, DFT study and photocatalytic property of a new Ni(II) complex of a symmetric N2O4-donor bis-Schiff base ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Hu; Meng, Xiangmin; Fan, Chuanbin; Fan, Yuhua; Bi, Caifeng

    2016-03-01

    A new complex, Ni(C22H26N2O10S2)·2CH3OH, with a sexidentate (N2O4) symmetric bis-Schiff base ligand (C22H26N2O10S2 = 1,2-bis(2-methoxy-6-formylphenoxy)ethane-2-aminoethane-sulfonic acid) has been synthesized and characterized by physico-chemical and spectroscopic methods. The X-ray crystal structure shows that the Ni(II) atom of the complex is six-coordinated by two nitrogens from Cdbnd N groups, two oxygens from ether groups and two hydroxyl oxygens from sulfonic acid groups in the mono-ligand, forming a distorted octahedral geometry. Theoretical study of the complex is carried out by density functional theory (DFT) method and the B3LYP method employing the 6-3l+G* basis set. Moreover, the complex proved to be good candidate for the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue.

  11. Synthesis, Structure and Electrochemistry of Tetranuclear Oxygen-Centered Copper(II) Clusters with Acetylacetone and Benz-pyrazole Hydrolyzed Derivatives as Ligand.

    PubMed

    Vafazadeh, Rasoul; Willis, Anthony C

    2016-01-01

    Two copper(II) clusters Cu(4)OCl(6)(pyrazole)4, 1, and Cu(4)OBr(6)(Br-pyrazole)4, 2, have been synthesized by reacting acetylacetone and benzohydrazide (1:1 ratio) with CuX(2) (X = Cl for 1 and X= Br for 2) in methanol solutions. The structures of both clusters have been established by X-ray crystallography. The clusters contain four Cu, one O, six μ(2)-X atoms, and four pyrazole ligands. The pyrazoles was prepared in situ by the reaction of acetylacetone with benzohydrazide in methanol under reflux. In 2, the methine hydrogens of the pyrazole ligands have been replaced by bromine atoms. The four copper atoms encapsulate the central O atom in a tetrahedral arrangement. All copper atoms are five-coordinate and have similar coordination environments with slightly distorted trigonal bipyramidal geometry. The cyclic voltammogram of the clusters 1 and 2 show a one-electron quasi-reversible reduction wave in the region 0.485 to 0.731 V, and a one-electron quasi-reversible oxidation wave in the region 0.767 to 0.898 V. In 1, one irreversible oxidative response is observed on the positive of side of the voltammogram at 1.512 V and this can be assigned to Cu(II) to Cu(III) oxidation.

  12. Mono-ionizable calix[4]arene-benzocrown-6 ligands in 1,3-alternate conformations: synthesis, structure and silver(I) extraction

    SciTech Connect

    Custelcean, Radu; Bartsch, Richard A.

    2009-01-01

    Two series of novel mono-ionizable calix[4]arene-benzocrown-6 ligands in 1,3-alternate conformations are synthesized. In one series, the proton-ionizable group (PIG) is attached to the para position of one aromatic ring in the calixarene framework, thereby positioning it over the polyether ring cavity. In the other series, the PIG is a substituent on the benzo group in the polyether ring. This orients the PIG away from the crown ether cavity. In addition to carboxylic acid functions, the PIGs include N-(X)sulfonyl carboxamide groups. With X group variation from methyl to phenyl to 4-nitrophenyl to trifluoromethyl, the acidity of the PIG is 'tuned'. Solvent extraction of Ag{sup +} from aqueous solutions into chloroform is used to probe the influence of structural variation within the mono-ionizable calixcrown ligand on metal ion extraction efficiency, including the identity and acidity of the PIG and its orientation with respect to the polyether ring.

  13. Complexes of cis-dioxomolybdenum(VI) and oxovanadium(IV) with a tridentate ONS donor ligand: synthesis, spectroscopic properties, X-ray crystal structure and catalytic activity.

    PubMed

    Fayed, Ahmed M; Elsayed, Shadia A; El-Hendawy, Ahmed M; Mostafa, Mohamed R

    2014-08-14

    New cis-dioxomolybdenum(VI) and oxovanadium(IV) complexes of the Schiff base, derived from S-methyl dithiocarbazate and 2,3-dihydroxybenzaldehyde (H2dhsm), have been synthesized. The complexes of the type cis-[MoO2(dhsm)] (1a), cis-[MoO2(dhsm)(D)] (1b-1d) [D=neutral monodentate ligand; EtOH, pyridine (py) or imidazole (imz)], [VO(dhsm)(NN)] (2a, 2b) [NN=2,2'-bipyridine (bipy) or 1,10-phenanthroline (phen)] and [VO(dhsm)] (2c) have been isolated, characterized by (1)H NMR, IR, UV-Vis and EPR spectral studies and investigated by cyclic voltammetry. The X-ray crystal structure of cis-[MoO2(dhsm)(EtOH)] (1b) has been determined and shows that the complex has a distorted octahedral geometry in which the H2dhsm behaves as a dianionic ONS tridentate ligand coordinating via phenoxide oxygen, hydrazinic nitrogen and thiolate sulfur. The oxomolybdenum(IV) complex [MoO(dhsm)] (1e) has obtained from dioxomolybdenum(VI) complex (1b) by oxo abstraction with PPh3. The reactivity of the complexes toward catalytic oxidation of alcohols in the presence of H2O2 and t-BuOOH as co-oxidants under solvent free conditions is reported. PMID:24747851

  14. Ruthenium(II) bipyridine complexes bearing quinoline-azoimine (NN‧N″) tridentate ligands: Synthesis, spectral characterization, electrochemical properties and single-crystal X-ray structure analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-Noaimi, Mousa; Abdel-Rahman, Obadah S.; Fasfous, Ismail I.; El-khateeb, Mohammad; Awwadi, Firas F.; Warad, Ismail

    Four octahedral ruthenium(II) azoimine-quinoline complexes having the general molecular formula [RuII(Lsbnd Y)(bpy)Cl](PF6) {Lsbnd Y = YC6H4Ndbnd NC(COCH3)dbnd NC9H6N, Y = H (1), CH3 (2), Br (3), NO2 (4) and bpy = 2,2‧-bipyrdine} were synthesized. The azoimine-quinoline based ligands behave as NN‧N″ tridentate donors and coordinated to ruthenium via azo-N‧, imine-N‧ and quinolone-N″ nitrogen atoms. The composition of the complexes has been established by elemental analysis, spectral methods (FT-IR, electronic, 1H NMR, UV/Vis and electrochemical (cyclic voltammetry) techniques. The crystal structure of complex 1 is reported. The Ru(II) oxidation state is greatly stabilized by the novel tridentate ligands, showing Ru(III/II) couples ranging from 0.93-1.27 V vs. Cp2Fe/Cp2Fe+. The absorption spectrum of 1 in dichloromethane was modeled by time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT).

  15. Complexes of cis-dioxomolybdenum(VI) and oxovanadium(IV) with a tridentate ONS donor ligand: Synthesis, spectroscopic properties, X-ray crystal structure and catalytic activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fayed, Ahmed M.; Elsayed, Shadia A.; El-Hendawy, Ahmed M.; Mostafa, Mohamed R.

    2014-08-01

    New cis-dioxomolybdenum(VI) and oxovanadium(IV) complexes of the Schiff base, derived from S-methyl dithiocarbazate and 2,3-dihydroxybenzaldehyde (H2dhsm), have been synthesized. The complexes of the type cis-[MoO2(dhsm)] (1a), cis-[MoO2(dhsm)(D)] (1b-1d) [D = neutral monodentate ligand; EtOH, pyridine (py) or imidazole (imz)], [VO(dhsm)(Nsbnd N)] (2a, 2b) [Nsbnd N = 2,2‧-bipyridine (bipy) or 1,10-phenanthroline (phen)] and [VO(dhsm)] (2c) have been isolated, characterized by 1H NMR, IR, UV-Vis and EPR spectral studies and investigated by cyclic voltammetry. The X-ray crystal structure of cis-[MoO2(dhsm)(EtOH)] (1b) has been determined and shows that the complex has a distorted octahedral geometry in which the H2dhsm behaves as a dianionic ONS tridentate ligand coordinating via phenoxide oxygen, hydrazinic nitrogen and thiolate sulfur. The oxomolybdenum(IV) complex [MoO(dhsm)] (1e) has obtained from dioxomolybdenum(VI) complex (1b) by oxo abstraction with PPh3. The reactivity of the complexes toward catalytic oxidation of alcohols in the presence of H2O2 and t-BuOOH as co-oxidants under solvent free conditions is reported.

  16. Synthesis, electrochemical, structural, spectroscopic and biological activities of mixed ligand copper (II) complexes with 2-{[(Z)-(5-bromo-2-hydroxyphenyl)methylidene]amino}benzoic acid and nitrogenous bases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choudhary, Mukesh; Patel, R. N.; Rawat, S. P.

    2014-02-01

    Three new copper (II) complexes viz. [Cu(L1)(bipy)]ṡ2H2O 1, [Cu(L1)(dmp)]ṡCH3CN 2, [Cu(L1)(phen)] 3 where L1H2 = 2-{[(Z)-(5-bromo-2-hydroxyphenyl)methylidene]amino}benzoic acid, bipy = 2,2‧-bipyridine; dmp = 2,9-dimethyl 1,10-phenanthroline, phen = 1,10-phenanthroline have been synthesized and characterized by physic-chemical and spectroscopic methods. The solid-state structures of 1 and 2 were determined by single crystal X-ray crystallography, which revealed distorted square pyramidal geometry. In solid-state structure, 1 is self-assembled via intermolecular π…π stacking and the distances between centroids of aromatic ring is 3.525 Å. L1H2 is a diprotic tridentate Schiff base ligand having ONO donor site. Infrared spectra, ligand field spectra and magnetic susceptibility measurements agree with the observed crystal structures. The EPR spectra of these complexes in frozen DMSO solutions showed a single at g ca. 2. The trend in g-value (g|| > g⊥ > 2.0023) suggests that the unpaired electron on copper (II) has d character. Copper (II) complexes 1-3 yielded an irreversible couple corresponding to the Cu (II)/Cu (I) redox process. Superoxide dismutase activity of all these complexes has been revealed to catalyze the dismutation of superoxide (O2-) and IC50 values were evaluated and discussed. Antimicrobial and antifungal activities of these complexes were also investigated.

  17. Programing Structural Synthesis System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rogers, James L., Jr.

    1986-01-01

    Program aids research in analysis and optimization. Programing Structural Synthesis System (PROSSS2) developed to provide structural-synthesis capability by combining access to SPAR with CONMIN program and set of interface procedures. SPAR is large general-purpose finite-element structural-analysis program, and CONMIN is large general-purpose optimization program. PROSSS2 written in FORTRAN IV for batch execution.

  18. Synthesis, structures, and properties of three Zn(II), Mn(II), and Cd(II) compounds based on tetrazole-1-acetic ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Dong-Sheng Chen, Wen-Tong; Xu, Ya-Ping; Shen, Ping; Hu, Shao-Jun; Sui, Yan

    2015-03-15

    Three new compounds, ([Zn(tza){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O)]·H{sub 2}O){sub n} (1), ([Mn(tza){sub 2}(Htza){sub 2}]·2H{sub 2}O){sub n} (2) and [Cd(tza){sub 2}]{sub n} (3), were obtained by reactions of 1H-Tetrazole-1-acetic (Htza) with corresponding metal salts, and characterized by elemental analysis, infrared spectroscopy, and single crystal X-ray diffraction, respectively. The X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that compound 1 is three-dimensional (3D) supramolecular structure with line chains. Compound 2 is three-dimensional (3D) supramolecular structure with Mn-carboxylate chains. Compound 3 is a 3D framework with (3,6)-connected ‘ant’ topological network. Furthermore, the photoluminescence of 1 and 3 and the magnetic properties of 2 have also been investigated. - Graphical abstract: Three new Zn/Mn/Cd compounds were obtained by reactions of Htza with corresponding metal salts, and characterized by chemical methods. Different linear chains result in different final structures. Compounds 1 and 2 are 3D supramolecular structures. Compound 3 is a 3D framework with (3,6)-connected ‘ant’ topological network. - Highlights: • Three new Zn/Mn/Cd compounds based on Htza ligand has been synthesized. • Different linear chains result in different final structures. • The fluorescence or magnetic properties have been investigated.

  19. Synthesis and coordination chemistry of two N2-donor chelating di(indazolyl)methane ligands: structural characterization and comparison of their metal chelation aptitudes.

    PubMed

    Pettinari, Claudio; Marinelli, Alessandro; Marchetti, Fabio; Ngoune, Jean; Galindo, Agustín; Álvarez, Eleuterio; Gómez, Margarita

    2010-11-15

    The N(2)-donor bidentate ligands di(1H-indazol-1-yl)methane (L(1)) and di(2H-indazol-2-yl)methane (L(2)) (L in general) have been synthesized, and their coordination behavior toward Zn(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) salts has been studied. Reaction of L(1) and L(2) with ZnX(2) (X = Cl, Br, or I) yields [ZnX(2)L] species (1-6), that, in the solid state, show a tetrahedral structure with dihapto ligand coordination via the pyrazolyl arms. The reaction of L(1) and L(2) with Zn(NO(3))(2)·6H(2)O is strongly dependent on the reaction conditions and on the ligand employed. Reaction of L(1) with equimolar quantities of Zn(NO(3))(2)·6H(2)O yields the neutral six-coordinate species [Zn(NO(3))(2)(L(1))], 7. On the other hand the use of L(1) excess gives the 2:1 adduct [Zn(NO(3))(2)(L(1))(2)], 8 where both nitrates act as a unidentate coordinating ligand. Analogous stoichiometry is found in the compound obtained from the reaction of L(2) with Zn(NO(3))(2)·6H(2)O which gives the ionic [Zn(NO(3))(L(2))(2)](NO(3)), 10. Complete displacement of both nitrates from the zinc coordination sphere is observed when the reaction between L(1) excess and the zinc salt was carried out in hydrothermal conditions. The metal ion type is also determining structure and stoichiometry: the reaction of L(2) with CdCl(2) gave the 2:1 adduct [CdCl(2)(L(2))(2)] 11 where both chlorides complete the coordination sphere of the six-coordinate cadmium center; on the other hand from the reaction of L(1) with CdBr(2) the polynuclear [CdBr(2)(L(1))](n) 12 is obtained, the Br(-) anion acting as bridging ligands in a six-coordinate cadmium coordination environment. The reaction of L(1) and L(2) with HgX(2) (X = Cl, I, SCN) is also dependent on the reaction conditions and the nature of X, two different types of adducts being formed [HgX(L)] (14: L = L(1), 16, 17: L = L(1) or L(2), X = I, 19: L = L(2), X = SCN) and [HgX(L)(2)] (15: L = L(2), X = Cl, 18: L = L(1), X = SCN). The X-ray diffraction analyses of compounds 1

  20. Ligand placement based on prior structures: the guided ligand-replacement method

    SciTech Connect

    Klei, Herbert E.; Moriarty, Nigel W. Echols, Nathaniel; Terwilliger, Thomas C.; Baldwin, Eric T.; Pokross, Matt; Posy, Shana; Adams, Paul D.

    2014-01-01

    A new module, Guided Ligand Replacement (GLR), has been developed in Phenix to increase the ease and success rate of ligand placement when prior protein-ligand complexes are available. The process of iterative structure-based drug design involves the X-ray crystal structure determination of upwards of 100 ligands with the same general scaffold (i.e. chemotype) complexed with very similar, if not identical, protein targets. In conjunction with insights from computational models and assays, this collection of crystal structures is analyzed to improve potency, to achieve better selectivity and to reduce liabilities such as absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicology. Current methods for modeling ligands into electron-density maps typically do not utilize information on how similar ligands bound in related structures. Even if the electron density is of sufficient quality and resolution to allow de novo placement, the process can take considerable time as the size, complexity and torsional degrees of freedom of the ligands increase. A new module, Guided Ligand Replacement (GLR), was developed in Phenix to increase the ease and success rate of ligand placement when prior protein–ligand complexes are available. At the heart of GLR is an algorithm based on graph theory that associates atoms in the target ligand with analogous atoms in the reference ligand. Based on this correspondence, a set of coordinates is generated for the target ligand. GLR is especially useful in two situations: (i) modeling a series of large, flexible, complicated or macrocyclic ligands in successive structures and (ii) modeling ligands as part of a refinement pipeline that can automatically select a reference structure. Even in those cases for which no reference structure is available, if there are multiple copies of the bound ligand per asymmetric unit GLR offers an efficient way to complete the model after the first ligand has been placed. In all of these applications, GLR

  1. Synthesis and crystal structure of the rhodium(I) cyclooctadiene complex with bis(3-tert-butylimidazol-2-ylidene)borate ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, F.; Shao, K.-J.; Xiao, Y.-C.; Pu, X.-J.; Zhu, B.; Jiang, M.-J.

    2015-12-15

    The rhodium(I) cyclooctadiene complex with the bis(3-tert-butylimidazol-2-ylidene)borate ligand [H{sub 2}B(Im{sup t}Bu){sup 2}]Rh(COD) C{sup 22}H{sup 36}BN{sup 4}Rh, has been prepared, and its crystal structure is determined by X-ray diffraction. Complex exhibits slightly distorted square planar configurations around the metal center, which is coordinated by the bidentate H{sup 2}B(Im{sup t}Bu){sub 2} and one cyclooctadiene group. The Rh–C{sub carbene} bond lengths are 2.043(4) and 2.074(4) Å, and the bond angle C–Rh1–C is 82.59°. The dihedral angle between two imidazol-2-ylidene rings is 67.30°.

  2. Cationic half-sandwich Ru(II) complexes containing (N,N)-bound Schiff-base ligands: Synthesis, crystal structure analysis and spectroscopic studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tao, Li; Miao, Qian; Tehrani, Alireza Azhdari; Hajiashrafi, Taraneh; Hu, Mao-Lin; Morsali, Ali

    2016-08-01

    Three Ru(II) half-sandwich complexes containing (N,N)-bound Schiff-base ligands, [(η6-C6H6) RuCl(L1)]PF6 (1) L1 = (E)-1-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-N-(p-tolyl)methanimine, [(η6-p-cymene)RuCl(L1)]PF6 (2) and [(η6-p-cymene)RuCl(L2)]PF6(3) L2 = (E)-1-(6-bromopyridin-2-yl)-N-(p-tolyl)methanimine, were synthesized, characterized and their supramolecular structures were analyzed. The crystal packing of these compounds was studied using geometrical analysis and Hirshfeld surface analysis. The fluorescence behavior of these compounds was also studied. TD-DFT calculations were carried out to better understand the fluorescence properties of complexes 1-3. These compounds could be promising for the design of organometallic dye systems.

  3. Synthesis and crystal structure of the rhodium(I) cyclooctadiene complex with bis(3- tert-butylimidazol-2-ylidene)borate ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, F.; Shao, K.-J.; Xiao, Y.-C.; Pu, X.-J.; Zhu, B.; Jiang, M.-J.

    2015-12-01

    The rhodium(I) cyclooctadiene complex with the bis(3- tert-butylimidazol-2-ylidene)borate ligand [H2B( Im t Bu)2]Rh(COD) C22H36BN4Rh, has been prepared, and its crystal structure is determined by X-ray diffraction. Complex exhibits slightly distorted square planar configurations around the metal center, which is coordinated by the bidentate H2B( Im t Bu)2 and one cyclooctadiene group. The Rh-Ccarbene bond lengths are 2.043(4) and 2.074(4) Å, and the bond angle C-Rh1-C is 82.59°. The dihedral angle between two imidazol-2-ylidene rings is 67.30°.

  4. Structural dynamics of liganded myoglobin

    SciTech Connect

    Frauenfelder, H.; Petsko, G.A.

    1980-10-01

    X-ray crystallography can reveal the magnitudes and principal directions of the mean-square displacements of every atom in a protein. This structural information is complementary to the temporal information obtainable by spectroscopic techniques such as nuclear magnetic resonance. Determination of the temperature dependence of the mean-square displacements makes it possible to separate large conformational motions from simple thermal vibrations. The contribution of crystal lattice disorder to the overall apparent displacement can be estimated by Moessbauer spectroscopy. This technique has been applied to high resolution x-ray diffraction data from sperm whale myoglobin in its Met iron and oxy cobalt forms. Both crystal structures display regions of large conformational motions, particularly at the chain termini and in the region of the proximal histidine. Overall, the mean-square displacement increases with increasing distance from the center of gravity of the molecule. Some regions of the heme pocket in oxy cobalt myoglobin are more rigid than the corresponding regions in Met myoglobin.

  5. Group 1 and group 2 metal complexes supported by a bidentate bulky iminopyrrolyl ligand: synthesis, structural diversity, and ε-caprolactone polymerization study.

    PubMed

    Kottalanka, Ravi K; Harinath, A; Rej, Supriya; Panda, Tarun K

    2015-12-14

    We report here a series of alkali and alkaline earth metal complexes, each with a bulky iminopyrrolyl ligand [2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3NH] (1-H) moiety in their coordination sphere, synthesized using either alkane elimination or silylamine elimination methods or the salt metathesis route. The lithium salt of molecular composition [Li(2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3N)(THF)2] (2) was prepared using the alkane elimination method, and the silylamine elimination method was used to synthesize the dimeric sodium and tetra-nuclear potassium salts of composition [(2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3N)Na(THF)]2 (3) and [(2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3N)K(THF)0.5]4 (4) respectively. The magnesium complex of composition [(THF)2Mg(CH2Ph){2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3N}] (5) was synthesized through the alkane elimination method, in which [Mg(CH2Ph)2(OEt2)2] was treated with the bulky iminopyrrole ligand 1-H in 1 : 1 molar ratio, whereas the bis(iminopyrrolyl)magnesium complex [(THF)2Mg{2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3N}2] (6) was isolated using the salt metathesis route. The heavier alkaline earth metal complexes of the general formula {(THF)nM(2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3N)2} [M = Ca (7), Sr (8), and n = 2; M = Ba (9), n = 3] were prepared in pure form using two synthetic methods: in the first method, the bulky iminopyrrole ligand 1-H was directly treated with the alkaline earth metal precursor [M{N(SiMe3)2}2(THF)n] (where M = Ca, Sr and Ba) in 2 : 1 molar ratio in THF solvent at ambient temperature. The complexes 7-9 were also obtained using the salt metathesis reaction, which involves the treatment of the potassium salt (4) with the corresponding metal diiodides MI2 (M = Ca, Sr and Ba) in 2 : 1 molar ratio in THF solvent. The molecular structures of all the metal complexes (1-H, 2-9) in the solid state were established through single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The complexes 5-9 were tested as catalysts for the ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone. High activity was observed in the heavier alkaline earth metal complexes 7-9, with a very

  6. Group 1 and group 2 metal complexes supported by a bidentate bulky iminopyrrolyl ligand: synthesis, structural diversity, and ε-caprolactone polymerization study.

    PubMed

    Kottalanka, Ravi K; Harinath, A; Rej, Supriya; Panda, Tarun K

    2015-12-14

    We report here a series of alkali and alkaline earth metal complexes, each with a bulky iminopyrrolyl ligand [2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3NH] (1-H) moiety in their coordination sphere, synthesized using either alkane elimination or silylamine elimination methods or the salt metathesis route. The lithium salt of molecular composition [Li(2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3N)(THF)2] (2) was prepared using the alkane elimination method, and the silylamine elimination method was used to synthesize the dimeric sodium and tetra-nuclear potassium salts of composition [(2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3N)Na(THF)]2 (3) and [(2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3N)K(THF)0.5]4 (4) respectively. The magnesium complex of composition [(THF)2Mg(CH2Ph){2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3N}] (5) was synthesized through the alkane elimination method, in which [Mg(CH2Ph)2(OEt2)2] was treated with the bulky iminopyrrole ligand 1-H in 1 : 1 molar ratio, whereas the bis(iminopyrrolyl)magnesium complex [(THF)2Mg{2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3N}2] (6) was isolated using the salt metathesis route. The heavier alkaline earth metal complexes of the general formula {(THF)nM(2-(Ph3CN=CH)C4H3N)2} [M = Ca (7), Sr (8), and n = 2; M = Ba (9), n = 3] were prepared in pure form using two synthetic methods: in the first method, the bulky iminopyrrole ligand 1-H was directly treated with the alkaline earth metal precursor [M{N(SiMe3)2}2(THF)n] (where M = Ca, Sr and Ba) in 2 : 1 molar ratio in THF solvent at ambient temperature. The complexes 7-9 were also obtained using the salt metathesis reaction, which involves the treatment of the potassium salt (4) with the corresponding metal diiodides MI2 (M = Ca, Sr and Ba) in 2 : 1 molar ratio in THF solvent. The molecular structures of all the metal complexes (1-H, 2-9) in the solid state were established through single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The complexes 5-9 were tested as catalysts for the ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone. High activity was observed in the heavier alkaline earth metal complexes 7-9, with a very

  7. Cyclo- and carbophosphazene-supported ligands for the assembly of heterometallic (Cu2+/Ca2+, Cu2+/Dy3+, Cu2+/Tb3+) complexes: synthesis, structure, and magnetism.

    PubMed

    Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli; Senapati, Tapas; Dey, Atanu; Das, Sourav; Kalisz, Marguerite; Clérac, Rodolphe

    2012-02-20

    The carbophosphazene and cyclophosphazene hydrazides, [{NC(N(CH(3))(2))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))NH(2)}(2)}] (1) and [N(3)P(3)(O(2)C(12)H(8))(2){N(CH(3))NH(2)}(2)] were condensed with o-vanillin to afford the multisite coordination ligands [{NC(N(CH(3))(2))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C(6)H(3)-(o-OH)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}] (2) and [{N(2)P(2)(O(2)C(12)H(8))(2)}{NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C (6)H(3)-(o-OH)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}] (3), respectively. These ligands were used for the preparation of heterometallic complexes [{NC(N(CH(3))(2))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C(6)H(3)-(o-O)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}{CuCa(NO(3))(2)}] (4), [{NC(N(CH(3))(2))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C(6)H(3)-(o-O)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}{Cu(2)Ca(2)(NO(3))(4)}]·4H(2)O (5), [{NC(N(CH(3))(2))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C(6)H(3)-(o-O)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}{CuDy(NO(3))(4)}]·CH(3)COCH(3) (6), [{NP(O(2)C(12)H(8))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C(6)H(3)-(o-O)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}{CuDy(NO(3))(3)}] (7), and [{NP(O(2)C(12)H(8))}(2){NP{N(CH(3))N═CH-C(6)H(3)-(o-O)(m-OCH(3))}(2)}{CuTb(NO(3))(3)}] (8). The molecular structures of these compounds reveals that the ligands 2 and 3 possess dual coordination pockets which are used to specifically bind the transition metal ion and the alkaline earth/lanthanide metal ion; the Cu(2+)/Ca(2+), Cu(2+)/Tb(3+), and Cu(2+)/Dy(3+) pairs in these compounds are brought together by phenoxide and methoxy oxygen atoms. While 4, 6, 7, and 8 are dinuclear complexes, 5 is a tetranuclear complex. Detailed magnetic properties on 6-8 reveal that these compounds show weak couplings between the magnetic centers and magnetic anisotropy. However, the ac susceptibility experiments did not reveal any out of phase signal suggesting that in these compounds slow relaxation of magnetization is absent above 1.8 K. PMID:22320309

  8. 1D zigzag chain and 0D monomer Cd(II)/Zn(II) compounds based on flexible phenylenediacetic ligand: Synthesis, crystal structures and fluorescent properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Fang; Ren, Yixia; Li, Dongsheng; Fu, Feng; Qi, Guangcai; Wang, Yaoyu

    2008-12-01

    Three novel Cd(II)/Zn(II) compounds, [Cd 2(poda) 2(phen) 3(H 2O)] n· nEtOH·3 nH 2O (1), [Zn(poda) 2(bpy)(H 2O)] n(2) and [Zn(Hpoda) 2(bpy)] (3) (H 2poda = 1,2-phenylenediacetic acid, phen = 1,10-phenanthroline, bpy = 2,2'-bipyridyl), have been synthesized and characterized by IR, TG, fluorescent spectrum and single-crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. In 1, poda 2- anions link the adjacent Cd(II) centers to generate a 1D zigzag chain. Furthermore, an unprecedented four-footed "8-shaped" mixed water-ethanol (H 2O) 6(C 2H 5OH) 2 cluster connects four double chains based on 1D zigzag chain into 3D supramolecular architecture. By bis(chelate-monodentate) fashion of poda 2- ligand, compound 2 exhibits 1D zigzag chains, which forming a dense zipper-like 2D structure via strong π-π stacking interactions. Differed from 1 and 2, compound 3 has a mononuclear motif, and displays a 3D 6-connected α-Po net hydrogen-bonded topology. The structure-related solid-state fluorescence spectra of compounds 1 and 2 have been determined.

  9. Bi- and trinuclear copper(I) complexes of 1,2,3-triazole-tethered NHC ligands: synthesis, structure, and catalytic properties

    PubMed Central

    Du, Jiehao; Huang, Jingjing; Xia, Huan; Yang, Ling; Xu, Weilin

    2016-01-01

    Summary A series of copper complexes (3–6) stabilized by 1,2,3-triazole-tethered N-heterocyclic carbene ligands have been prepared via simple reaction of imidazolium salts with copper powder in good yields. The structures of bi- and trinuclear copper complexes were fully characterized by NMR, elemental analysis (EA), and X-ray crystallography. In particular, [Cu2(L2)2](PF6)2 (3) and [Cu2(L3)2](PF6)2 (4) were dinuclear copper complexes. Complexes [Cu3(L4)2](PF6)3 (5) and [Cu3(L5)2](PF6)3 (6) consist of a triangular Cu3 core. These structures vary depending on the imidazolium backbone and N substituents. The copper–NHC complexes tested are highly active for the Cu-catalyzed azide–alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) reaction in an air atmosphere at room temperature in a CH3CN solution. Complex 4 is the most efficient catalyst among these polynuclear complexes in an air atmosphere at room temperature. PMID:27340477

  10. Bi- and trinuclear copper(I) complexes of 1,2,3-triazole-tethered NHC ligands: synthesis, structure, and catalytic properties.

    PubMed

    Gu, Shaojin; Du, Jiehao; Huang, Jingjing; Xia, Huan; Yang, Ling; Xu, Weilin; Lu, Chunxin

    2016-01-01

    A series of copper complexes (3-6) stabilized by 1,2,3-triazole-tethered N-heterocyclic carbene ligands have been prepared via simple reaction of imidazolium salts with copper powder in good yields. The structures of bi- and trinuclear copper complexes were fully characterized by NMR, elemental analysis (EA), and X-ray crystallography. In particular, [Cu2(L2)2](PF6)2 (3) and [Cu2(L3)2](PF6)2 (4) were dinuclear copper complexes. Complexes [Cu3(L4)2](PF6)3 (5) and [Cu3(L5)2](PF6)3 (6) consist of a triangular Cu3 core. These structures vary depending on the imidazolium backbone and N substituents. The copper-NHC complexes tested are highly active for the Cu-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) reaction in an air atmosphere at room temperature in a CH3CN solution. Complex 4 is the most efficient catalyst among these polynuclear complexes in an air atmosphere at room temperature. PMID:27340477

  11. Natural compounds in the synthesis of chiral organophosphorous ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tolstikov, Alexander G.; Khlebnikova, Tatiana B.; Tolstikova, Olga V.; Tolstikov, Genrikh A.

    2003-09-01

    Methods for the synthesis of chiral organophosphorus compounds based on natural optically active compounds (hydroxy acids, amino acids and their derivatives, mono- and disaccharides, mono- and diterpenoids, steroids) are discussed. Particular attention is given to the synthesis of bisphosphines and bisphosphinites. These compounds serve as ligands for transition metal complexes, which catalyse asymmetric hydrogenation. Data on the enantioselectivity of hydrogenation of unsaturated precursors of amino acids and unsaturated prochiral acids as well as on information on the enantioselectivity of hydrosilylation of ketones are surveyed.

  12. An unexpected cobalt(III) complex containing a Schiff base ligand: Synthesis, crystal structure, spectroscopic behavior, electrochemical property and SOD-like activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chai, Lan-Qin; Huang, Jiao-Jiao; Zhang, Hong-Song; Zhang, Yu-Li; Zhang, Jian-Yu; Li, Yao-Xin

    2014-10-01

    An unexpected mononuclear Co(III) complex, [Co(L2)2·(CH3COO)]·CH3OH (HL2 = 1-(2-{[(E)-3,5-dichloro-2-hydroxybenzylidene]amino}phenyl)ethanone oxime), has been synthesized via complexation of Co(II) acetate tetrahydrate with HL1 originally. The plausible reaction mechanism for the formation of quinazoline-type ligand was proposed. HL1 and its corresponding Co(III) complex were characterized by IR, as well as by elemental analysis and UV-vis spectroscopy. The crystal structure of the complex has been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Each complex links two other molecules into an infinite 1-D chain via intermolecular hydrogen bonding interactions. Moreover, the electrochemical properties of the cobalt(III) complex were studied by cyclic voltammetry and X-ray photoelectron spectrum (XPS). In addition, superoxide dismutase-like activities of HL1 and Co(III) complex were also investigated.

  13. Influence of Capping Ligand and Synthesis Method on Structure and Morphology of Aqueous Phase Synthesized CuInSe2 Nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ram Kumar, J.; Ananthakumar, S.; Moorthy Babu, S.

    2016-09-01

    A facile route to synthesize copper indium diselenide (CuInSe2) nanoparticles in aqueous medium was developed using mercaptoacetic acid (MAA) as capping agent. Two different mole ratios (5 and 10) of MAA were used to synthesize CuInSe2 nanoparticles at room temperature, as well as hydrothermal (high temperature) method. Powder x-ray diffraction analysis reveals that the nanoparticles exhibit chalcopyrite phase and the crystallinity increases with increasing the capping ratio. Raman analysis shows a strong band at 233 cm-1 due to the combination of B2 (E) modes. Broad absorption spectra were observed for the synthesized CuInSe2 nanoparticles. The effective surface capping by MAA on the nanoparticles surface was confirmed through attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectral analysis. The thermal stability of the synthesized samples was analyzed through thermogravimetric analysis-differential scanning calorimetry. The change in morphology of the synthesized samples was analyzed through scanning electron microscope and it shows that the samples prepared at room temperature are spherical in shape, whereas hydrothermally synthesized samples were found to have nanorod- and nanoflake-like structures. Transmission electron microscope analysis further indicates larger grains for the hydrothermally prepared samples with 10 mol ratio of MAA. Comparative analyses were made for synthesizing CuInSe2 nanoparticles by two different methods to explore the role of ligand and influence of temperature.

  14. An unexpected cobalt(III) complex containing a Schiff base ligand: Synthesis, crystal structure, spectroscopic behavior, electrochemical property and SOD-like activity.

    PubMed

    Chai, Lan-Qin; Huang, Jiao-Jiao; Zhang, Hong-Song; Zhang, Yu-Li; Zhang, Jian-Yu; Li, Yao-Xin

    2014-10-15

    An unexpected mononuclear Co(III) complex, [Co(L2)2·(CH3COO)]·CH3OH (HL2=1-(2-{[(E)-3,5-dichloro-2-hydroxybenzylidene]amino}phenyl)ethanone oxime), has been synthesized via complexation of Co(II) acetate tetrahydrate with HL1 originally. The plausible reaction mechanism for the formation of quinazoline-type ligand was proposed. HL1 and its corresponding Co(III) complex were characterized by IR, as well as by elemental analysis and UV-vis spectroscopy. The crystal structure of the complex has been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Each complex links two other molecules into an infinite 1-D chain via intermolecular hydrogen bonding interactions. Moreover, the electrochemical properties of the cobalt(III) complex were studied by cyclic voltammetry and X-ray photoelectron spectrum (XPS). In addition, superoxide dismutase-like activities of HL1 and Co(III) complex were also investigated.

  15. Synthesis and structure-activity relationship studies of novel 2-diarylethyl substituted (2-carboxycycloprop-1-yl)glycines as high-affinity group II metabotropic glutamate receptor ligands.

    PubMed

    Sørensen, Ulrik S; Bleisch, Thomas J; Kingston, Anne E; Wright, Rebecca A; Johnson, Bryan G; Schoepp, Darryle D; Ornstein, Paul L

    2003-01-17

    The major excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, (S)-glutamic acid , activates both ionotropic and metabotropic excitatory amino acid receptors. Its importance in connection to neurological and psychiatric disorders has directed great attention to the development of compounds that modulate the effects of this endogenous ligand. Whereas L-carboxycyclopropylglycine (L-CCG-1) is a potent agonist at, primarily, group II metabotropic glutamate receptors, alkylation of at the alpha-carbon notoriously result in group II mGluR antagonists, of which the most potent compound described so far, LY341495, displays IC(50) values of 23 and 10 nM at the group II receptor subtypes mGlu2 and mGlu3, respectively. In this study we synthesized a series of structural analogues of in which the xanthyl moiety is replaced by two substituted-phenyl groups. The pharmacological characterization shows that these novel compounds have very high affinity for group II mGluRs when tested as their racemates. The most potent analogues demonstrate K(i) values in the range of 5-12 nM, being thus comparable to LY341495. PMID:12470714

  16. Synthesis, molecular structure and DFT studies of tricarbonylrhenium(I) complexes containing nitrogen based bis, tris, tetrakis-(di-2-pyridylaminomethyl)benzene ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sangilipandi, S.; Sutradhar, Dipankar; Kaminsky, Werner; Chandra, Asit K.; Mohan Rao, K.

    2016-07-01

    The reactions of rhenium starting precursor with the corresponding N,N‧-bidentate 2,2‧-dipyridylamine ligands (L1-L5) in toluene medium under nitrogen atmosphere leads to the formation of mononuclear tricarbonylrhenium(I) complexes. These complexes are denoted by general formula fac-[Re(L) (CO)3Br] (1-5); where, L = 1,2-bis(di-2-pyridylaminomethyl)benzene (L1), 1,3-bis(di-2-pyridylaminomethyl)benzene (L2), 1,4-bis(di-2-pyridylaminomethyl)benzene (L3), 1,3,5-tris(di-2-pyridylaminomethyl)benzene (L4) and 1,2,4,5-tetrakis(di-2-pyridylaminomethyl)benzene (L5). All these complexes have been synthesized and characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, UV-Vis and mass spectroscopic techniques. Emission spectrum for these complexes has also been investigated and found that complex (5) shows maximum emission as compared to other complexes. Moreover, two of the complexes (2 &4) were structurally determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The time-dependent DFT calculations were carried out for the complexes (2, 4 &5) which show good agreement with the experimental absorption data.

  17. 'Click' generated 1,2,3-triazole based organosulfur/selenium ligands and their Pd(ii) and Ru(ii) complexes: their synthesis, structure and catalytic applications.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Satyendra; Saleem, Fariha; Singh, Ajai K

    2016-07-28

    1-(2,6-Diisopropylphenyl)-4-(phenylthio/selenomethyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazole (L1/L2) was synthesized by a 'Click' reaction and treated with [Pd(CH3CN)2Cl2] for 5 h or [(η(6)-C6H6)RuCl(μ-Cl)]2 for 8 h (followed by reaction with NH4PF6) at room temperature, resulting in complexes [Pd(L)Cl2] (1 and 2) or [(η(6)-C6H6)Ru(L)Cl]PF6 (3 and 4) (L = L1 or L2), respectively. The four complexes (1-4) and ligands (L1 and L2) were characterized with (1)H, (13)C{(1)H} and (77)Se{(1)H} NMR spectroscopy and high resolution mass spectrometry. The single crystal structures of 1-4 were solved. The geometry of Pd in 1 and 2 is distorted square planar. The Pd-S and Pd-Se bond distances in 1 and 2 are 2.277(3) and 2.384(6) Å respectively. In 3 and 4, there is a pseudo-octahedral "piano-stool" type disposition of donor atoms around Ru. The Ru-S and Ru-Se bond lengths in 3 and 4 are 2.3728(12) and 2.4741(6) Å respectively. The catalytic activity of complexes 1 and 2 was explored for Suzuki-Miyaura coupling (SMC) in water and the Sonogashira coupling reaction. For various aryl bromides, including deactivated ones, complexes 1 and 2 were found to be efficient catalysts for both couplings. The optimum loading of 1 and 2 required to catalyze both coupling reactions is of the order of 0.001-2 mol% of Pd. For SMC, no additive or phase transfer catalyst was added. For catalysis of the transfer hydrogenation (TH) of aldehydes and ketones, the half-sandwich Ru(ii) complexes 3 and 4 were explored. Their optimum catalytic loading was found to be 0.1-0.4 mol% of Ru. For TH, both the water solvent and the glycerol hydrogen source are environmentally friendly. The catalytic efficiencies of 3 and 4 are comparable with those reported for other catalysts for TH carried out with 2-propanol or glycerol as a H-source. 1, with a sulfur ligand, is more efficient than 2 (Se analog) for both SMC and the Sonogashira coupling. The activities of 3 and 4 for TH are in the order Se > S. PMID:27338234

  18. Tyrosinase Models. Synthesis, Structure, Catechol Oxidase Activity, and Phenol Monooxygenase Activity of a Dinuclear Copper Complex Derived from a Triamino Pentabenzimidazole Ligand.

    PubMed

    Monzani, Enrico; Quinti, Luisa; Perotti, Angelo; Casella, Luigi; Gullotti, Michele; Randaccio, Lucio; Geremia, Silvano; Nardin, Giorgio; Faleschini, Paolo; Tabbì, Giovanni

    1998-02-01

    The dicopper(II) complex with the ligand N,N,N',N',N"-pentakis[(1-methyl-2-benzimidazolyl)methyl]dipropylenetriamine (LB5) has been synthesized and structurally characterized. The small size and the quality of the single crystal required that data be collected using synchrotron radiation at 276 K. [Cu(2)(LB5)(H(2)O)(2)][ClO(4)](4): platelet shaped, P&onemacr;, a = 11.028 Å, b = 17.915 Å, c = 20.745 Å, alpha = 107.44 degrees, beta = 101.56 degrees, gamma = 104.89 degrees, V = 3603.7 Å(3), Z = 2; number of unique data, I >/= 2sigma(I) = 3447; number of refined parameters = 428; R = 0.12. The ligand binds the two coppers nonsymmetrically; Cu1 is coordinated through five N donors and Cu2 through the remaining three N donors, while two water molecules complete the coordination sphere. Cu1 has distorted TBP geometry, while Cu2 has distorted SP geometry. Voltammetric experiments show quasireversible reductions at the two copper centers, with redox potential higher for the CuN(3) center (0.40 V) and lower for the CuN(5) center (0.17 V). The complex binds azide in the terminal mode at the CuN(3) center with affinity lower than that exhibited by related dinuclear polyaminobenzimidazole complexes where this ligand is bound in the bridging mode. The catechol oxidase activity of [Cu(2)(LB5)](4+) has been examined in comparison with that exhibited by [Cu(2)(L-55)](4+) (L-55 = alpha,alpha'-bis{bis[(1-methyl-2-benzimidazolyl)methyl]amino}-m-xylene) and [Cu(2)(L-66)](4+) (L-66 = alpha,alpha'-bis{bis[2-(1-methyl-2-benzimidazolyl)ethyl]amino}-m-xylene) by studying the catalytic oxidation of 3,5-di-tert-butylcatechol in methanol/aqueous buffer pH 5.1. Kinetic experiments show that [Cu(2)(L-55)](4+) is the most efficient catalyst (rate constant 140 M(-1) s(-1)), followed by [Cu(2)(LB5)](4+) (60 M(-1) s(-1)), in this oxidation, while [Cu(2)(L-66)](4+) undergoes an extremely fast stoichiometric phase followed by a slow and substrate-concentration-independent catalytic phase. The

  19. Bis(alkyl) rare-earth complexes supported by a new tridentate amidinate ligand with a pendant diphenylphosphine oxide group. Synthesis, structures and catalytic activity in isoprene polymerization.

    PubMed

    Tolpygin, Aleksei O; Glukhova, Tatyana A; Cherkasov, Anton V; Fukin, Georgy K; Aleksanyan, Diana V; Cui, Dongmei; Trifonov, Alexander A

    2015-10-01

    A new tridentate amidine 2-[Ph2P(O)]C6H4NHC(tBu)[double bond, length as m-dash]N(2,6-Me2C6H3) (1) bearing a side chain pendant Ph2P[double bond, length as m-dash]O group was synthesized and proved to be a suitable ligand for coordination to rare-earths ions. Bis(alkyl) complexes {2-[Ph2P(O)]C6H4NC(tBu)N(2,6-Me2C6H3)}Ln(CH2SiMe3)2(THF)n (Ln = Y, n = 1 (3), Ln = Er, n = 1 (4), Ln = Lu, n = 0 (5)) were prepared using alkane elimination reactions of and Ln(CH2SiMe3)3(THF)2 (Ln = Y, Er, Lu) in hexane and were isolated in 50, 70 and 75% yields respectively. The X-ray studies revealed that complexes 2-5 feature intramolecular coordination of P[double bond, length as m-dash]O groups to metal ions. The lutetium complex 5 proved to be rather stable: at 20 °C its half-life time is 1155 h, while for the yttrium analogue the half-life time was found to be 63 h. Complexes 3-5 were evaluated as precatalysts for isoprene polymerization. The systems Ln/borate/AliBu3 (Ln = 3-5, borate = [PhNHMe2][B(C6F5)4], [Ph3C][B(C6F5)4]) turned out to be highly efficient in isoprene polymerization and enable complete conversion of 1000-10,000 equivalents of monomer into polymer at 20 °C within 0.5-2.5 h affording polyisoprenes with a very high content of 1,4-cis units (up to 96.6%) and from narrow (1.49) to moderate (3.54) polydispersities. A comparative study of catalytic performance of the related bis(alkyl) yttrium complexes supported by amidinate ligands of different denticities and structures [tBuC(N-2,6iPr2C6H4)2](-), [tBuC(N-2,6-iPr2C6H4)(N-2-MeOC6H4)](-) and {2-[Ph2P(O)]C6H4NC(tBu)N(2,6-Me2C6H3)}(-) demonstrated that the introduction of a pendant donor group (2-MeOC6H4 or Ph2P(O)) into a side chain of amidinate scaffolds results in a significant increase in catalytic activity. The amidinate ligand bearing a Ph2P(O)-group provides a high isoprene polymerization rate along with excellent control over regio- and stereoselectivities and allows us to obtain polyisoprenes with a reasonable

  20. Mixed ligand complexes of bis(phenylimine) Schiff base ligands incorporating pyridinium moiety. Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohamed, Gehad G.; El-Wahab, Zeinab H. Abd

    2005-04-01

    The synthesis and structural characterization of mixed ligand complexes derived from 2,6-pyridinedicarboxaldehydebis( o-hydroxyphenylimine), 2,6-pyridinedicarboxaldehydebis( p-hydroxyphenylimine) (1 ry ligands) and 2-aminopyridne (2 ry ligand) are reported. The ligands and their transition metal complexes were characterized on the bases of their elemental analyses, IR, solid reflectance, magnetic moment, molar conductance and thermal analysis (TGA). The mixed ligand complexes are formed in the 1:1:1 (M:L 1 or L 2:L') ratio as found from the elemental analyses and found to have the formulae [MX 2(L 1 or L 2)(L')]· nH 2O where M = Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II), L 1 = 2,6-pyridinedicarboxaldehydebis( p-hydroxyphenylimine), L 2 = 2,6-pyridine dicarboxaldehydebis( o-hydroxyphenylimine), L' = 2-aminopyridine, X = Cl - in case of Cu(II) complex and Br - in case of Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes and y = 0-3. The molar conductance data reveal that the chelates are non-electrolytes. IR spectra show that the Schiff bases are coordinated to the metal ions in a terdentate manner with NNN donor sites of the pyridine- N and two azomethine- N. While 2-aminopyridine coordinated to the metal ions via its pyridine- N. Magnetic and solid reflectance spectra are used to infer the coordinating capacity of the ligand and the geometrical structure of these complexes are found to be octahedral. The thermal behaviour of these chelates shows that the hydrated water molecules and the anions are removed in a successive two steps followed immediately by decomposition of the ligands (L 1, L 2 and L') in the subsequent steps. The activation thermodynamic parameters, such as, E*, Δ H*, Δ S* and Δ G* are calculated from the TG curves and discussed. The ligands and their metal chelates have been screened for their antimicrobial activities and the findings have been reported, explained and compared with some known antibiotics.

  1. Synthesis, structure, thermostability and luminescence properties of Zn(II) and Cd(II) coordination polymers based on dimethysuccinate and flexible 1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene ligands.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yang; Feng, Yong Lan; Fu, Wei Wei

    2016-09-01

    The design and synthesis of functional coordination polymers is motivated not only by their structural beauty but also by their potential applications. Zn(II) and Cd(II) coordination polymers are promising candidates for producing photoactive materials because these d(10) metal ions not only possess a variety of coordination numbers and geometries, but also exhibit luminescence properties when bound to functional ligands. It is difficult to predict the final structure of such polymers because the assembly process is influenced by many subtle factors. Bis(imidazol-1-yl)-substituted alkane/benzene molecules are good bridging ligands because their flexibility allows them to bend and rotate when they coordinate to metal centres. Two new Zn(II) and Cd(II) coordination polymers based on mixed ligands, namely, poly[[μ2-1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene-κ(2)N(3):N(3')]bis(μ3-2,2-dimethylbutanoato-κ(3)O(1):O(4):O(4'))dizinc(II)], [Zn2(C6H8O4)2(C14H14N4)]n, and poly[[μ2-1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene-κ(2)N(3):N(3')]bis(μ3-2,2-dimethylbutanoato-κ(5)O(1),O(1'):O(4),O(4'):O(4))dicadmium(II)], [Cd2(C6H8O4)2(C14H14N4)]n, have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. Both complexes crystallize in the monoclinic space group C2/c with similar unit-cell parameters and feature two-dimensional structures formed by the interconnection of S-shaped Zn(Cd)-2,2-dimethylsuccinate chains with 1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene bridges. However, the Cd(II) and Zn(II) centres have different coordination numbers and the 2,2-dimethylsuccinate ligands display different coordination modes. Both complexes exhibit a blue photoluminescence in the solid state at room temperature.

  2. Synthesis, structure, thermostability and luminescence properties of Zn(II) and Cd(II) coordination polymers based on dimethysuccinate and flexible 1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene ligands.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yang; Feng, Yong Lan; Fu, Wei Wei

    2016-09-01

    The design and synthesis of functional coordination polymers is motivated not only by their structural beauty but also by their potential applications. Zn(II) and Cd(II) coordination polymers are promising candidates for producing photoactive materials because these d(10) metal ions not only possess a variety of coordination numbers and geometries, but also exhibit luminescence properties when bound to functional ligands. It is difficult to predict the final structure of such polymers because the assembly process is influenced by many subtle factors. Bis(imidazol-1-yl)-substituted alkane/benzene molecules are good bridging ligands because their flexibility allows them to bend and rotate when they coordinate to metal centres. Two new Zn(II) and Cd(II) coordination polymers based on mixed ligands, namely, poly[[μ2-1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene-κ(2)N(3):N(3')]bis(μ3-2,2-dimethylbutanoato-κ(3)O(1):O(4):O(4'))dizinc(II)], [Zn2(C6H8O4)2(C14H14N4)]n, and poly[[μ2-1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene-κ(2)N(3):N(3')]bis(μ3-2,2-dimethylbutanoato-κ(5)O(1),O(1'):O(4),O(4'):O(4))dicadmium(II)], [Cd2(C6H8O4)2(C14H14N4)]n, have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. Both complexes crystallize in the monoclinic space group C2/c with similar unit-cell parameters and feature two-dimensional structures formed by the interconnection of S-shaped Zn(Cd)-2,2-dimethylsuccinate chains with 1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene bridges. However, the Cd(II) and Zn(II) centres have different coordination numbers and the 2,2-dimethylsuccinate ligands display different coordination modes. Both complexes exhibit a blue photoluminescence in the solid state at room temperature. PMID:27585928

  3. Ternary complexes of copper(II) and cobalt(II) involving nitrite/pyrazole and tetradentate N4-coordinate ligand: Synthesis, characterization, structures and antimicrobial activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Solanki, Ankita; Sadhu, Mehul H.; Kumar, Sujit Baran

    2015-12-01

    Five new mononuclear mixed ligand complexes of the type [Cu(NCCH3)(dbdmp)](ClO4)2, [M(ONO)(dbdmp)]ClO4, [M(pz) (dbdmp)](ClO4)2 where M = Cu(II) and Co(II), pz = 3,5-dimethylpyrazole and dbdmp = N,N-diethyl-N‧,N‧-bis((3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)methyl)ethane-1,2-diamine have been synthesized and characterized by physico-chemical and spectroscopy studies. The crystal structures of three copper(II) complexes [Cu(NCCH3)(dbdmp)](ClO4)2, [Cu(ONO)(dbdmp)]ClO4 and [Cu(pz)(dbdmp)](ClO4)2 have been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. Structural analyses reveal the geometry of [Cu(pz)(dbdmp)](ClO4)2 is distorted square pyramidal and other two copper(II) complexes have distorted trigonal bipyramidal geometry. Molecular composition of cobalt(II) complexes have been determined by mass spectral data. The EPR spectra of copper(II) complexes in frozen acetonitrile solution exhibit axial spectra, characteristic of dx2-y2 ground state. Electrochemical studies of copper(II) complexes using glassy carbon as working electrode in acetonitrile solution show Cu(II)/Cu(I) couple with quasi reversible electron transfer versus Ag/Ag+ reference electrode. Antimicrobial activity of all the synthesized complexes were investigated against two Gram positive and two Gram negative bacterial strains.

  4. Ruthenium(II) Complexes Containing Lutidine-Derived Pincer CNC Ligands: Synthesis, Structure, and Catalytic Hydrogenation of C-N bonds.

    PubMed

    Hernández-Juárez, Martín; López-Serrano, Joaquín; Lara, Patricia; Morales-Cerón, Judith P; Vaquero, Mónica; Álvarez, Eleuterio; Salazar, Verónica; Suárez, Andrés

    2015-05-11

    A series of Ru complexes containing lutidine-derived pincer CNC ligands have been prepared by transmetalation with the corresponding silver-carbene derivatives. Characterization of these derivatives shows both mer and fac coordination of the CNC ligands depending on the wingtips of the N-heterocyclic carbene fragments. In the presence of tBuOK, the Ru-CNC complexes are active in the hydrogenation of a series of imines. In addition, these complexes catalyze the reversible hydrogenation of phenantridine. Detailed NMR spectroscopic studies have shown the capability of the CNC ligand to be deprotonated and get involved in ligand-assisted activation of dihydrogen. More interestingly, upon deprotonation, the Ru-CNC complex 5 e(BF4 ) is able to add aldimines to the metal-ligand framework to yield an amido complex. Finally, investigation of the mechanism of the hydrogenation of imines has been carried out by means of DFT calculations. The calculated mechanism involves outer-sphere stepwise hydrogen transfer to the C-N bond assisted either by the pincer ligand or a second coordinated H2 molecule.

  5. Zinc acetylacetonate hydrate adducted with nitrogen donor ligands: Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, and thermal analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brahma, Sanjaya; Shivashankar, S. A.

    2015-12-01

    We report synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, and thermal analysis of zinc acetylacetonate complex adducted by nitrogen donor ligands, such as pyridine, bipyridine, and phenanthroline. The pyridine adducted complex crystallizes to monoclinic crystal structure, whereas other two adducted complexes have orthorhombic structure. Addition of nitrogen donor ligands enhances the thermal property of these complexes as that with parent metal-organic complex. Zinc acetylacetonate adducted with pyridine shows much higher volatility (106 °C), decomposition temperature (202 °C) as that with zinc acetylacetonate (136 °C, 220 °C), and other adducted complexes. All the adducted complexes are thermally stable, highly volatile and are considered to be suitable precursors for metal organic chemical vapor deposition. The formation of these complexes is confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy, and elemental analysis. The complexes are widely used as starting precursor materials for the synthesis of ZnO nanostructures by microwave irradiation assisted coating process.

  6. Synthesis, Structure and Spectroscopy Study of a 1D Copper Coordination Polymer Based on a Carboxybenzyl Viologen Ligand and SCN-Anion.

    PubMed

    Qiu, Li-xia; Wan, Fang; Zhu, Bin-bin; Sun, Yan-qiong; You, Yi; Chen, Yi-ping

    2015-05-01

    A zwitterionic viologen derivative ligand, 1,1'-bis(4-carboxybenzyl)-4 4'-bipyridinium dichloride (H2BpybcCl2) as a multifunctional ligand, has been synthesized incorporating a 4,4'-bipyridine core with two carboxylate groups as a. building block, specifically designed for the rational construction of metal-organic frameworks. H2BpybcCl2 ligand is a multifunctional ligand that contains viologen's specific functions and carboxylate coordination groups. The coordination polymers of viologen carboxylate with copper thiocyanate are not reported to date. A novel copper coordination polymer, [Cu(SCN)2 (Bpybc)] (I) was by solution diffusion method and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, XRD, elemental analyses, IR spectroscopy, UV-Vis DRS, TG analysis and liquid-state luminescent properties. Compound I crystallized in the monoclinic system with C2/c space group. Crystal data for complex I is as follow: a=19. 508(4) A, b=9. 474(2) Å, c =16. 963(3) Å, α=90°, β=124. 92(3)°, γ=90°. Two SCN-anions were coordinated to the Cu2+ cation forming a [Cu(SCN)2] unit. Complex I was built up by [Cu(SCN)2] units bridged sequentially by ladder-shaped Bpybc ligands to form one-dimensional zigzag chains running along the [203] direction. The chains were held together by π-π interaction between the pyridine rings and phenyl rings, thus yielding a 3-D extended supramolecular network. The UV-Visible absorption spectra show the absorption bands of π-π* transitions of Bpybc ligands and d-->d transition of Cu2+. The liquid-state luminescent property of compound I was investigated at room temperature. Attractively, the complex exhibits strong blue emission peak at 533 nm (λEx=360 nn) that can be assigned to intraligand transition of Bpybc ligand when it was excited at 360 nm. PMID:26415457

  7. Synthesis, crystal structure, spectral studies, and catechol oxidase activity of trigonal bipyramidal Cu(II) complexes derived from a tetradentate diamide bisbenzimidazole ligand.

    PubMed

    Gupta, M; Mathur, P; Butcher, R J

    2001-02-26

    A new benzimidazole-based diamide ligand-N,N'-bis(glycine-2- benzimidazolyl)hexanediamide (GBHA)-has been synthesized and utilized to prepare Cu(II) complexes of general composition [Cu(GBHA)X]X, where X is an exogenous anionic ligand (X = Cl(-), NO(3)(-), SCN(-)). The X-ray structure of one of the complexes, [Cu(GBHA)Cl]Cl.H(2)O.CH(3)OH, has been obtained. The compound crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c with unit cell dimensions a = 26.464(3) A, b = 10.2210(8) A, c = 20.444(2) A, alpha = 90 degrees, beta = 106.554(7) degrees, gamma = 90 degrees, V= 5300.7(9) A(3), and Z = 8. To the best of our knowledge, the [Cu(GBHA)Cl]Cl.H(2)O.CH(3)OH complex is the first structurally characterized mononuclear trigonal bipyramidal copper(II) bisbenzimidazole diamide complex having coordinated amide carbonyl oxygen. The coordination geometry around the Cu(II) ion is distorted trigonal bipyramidal (tau = 0.59). Two carbonyl oxygen atoms and a chlorine atom form the equatorial plane, while the two benzimidazole imine nitrogen atoms occupy the axial positions. The geometry of the Cu(II) center in the solid state is not preserved in DMSO solution, changing to square pyramidal, as suggested by the low-temperature EPR data g( parallel) > g( perpendicular) > 2.0023. All the complexes display a quasi-reversible redox wave due to the Cu(II)/Cu(I) reduction process. E(1/2) values shift anodically from Cl(-) < NO(3)(-) < SCN(-), indicating that the bound Cl(-) ion stabilizes the Cu(II) ion while the N-bonded SCN(-) ion destabilizes the Cu(II) state in the complex. When calculated against NHE, the redox potentials turn out to be quite positive as compared to other copper(II) benzimidazole bound complexes (Nakao, Y.; Onoda, M.; Sakurai, T.; Nakahara, A.; Kinoshita, L.; Ooi, S. Inorg. Chim. Acta 1988, 151, 55. Addison, A. W.; Hendricks, H. M. J.; Reedijk, J.; Thompson, L. K. Inorg. Chem. 1981, 20 (1), 103. Sivagnanam, U.; Palaniandavar, M. J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. 1994, 2277

  8. Chiral vanadium(V) complexes with 2-aminoglucose Schiff-base ligands and their solution configurations: synthesis, structures, and DFT calculations.

    PubMed

    Mohammadnezhad, Gholamhossein; Böhme, Michael; Geibig, Daniel; Burkhardt, Anja; Görls, Helmar; Plass, Winfried

    2013-09-01

    The sugar-modified Schiff-base ligands derived from benzyl 2-deoxy-2-salicylideneamino-α-D-glucopyranoside (H2L(5-Br) and H2L(3-OMe)) were used to prepare the chiral oxidovanadium(V) complexes [VO(L(5-Br))(OMe)] (1) and [VO(L(3-OMe))(OMe)] (2) which can be isolated from a methanol solution as the six-coordinate complexes with an additional methanol ligand [VO(L(5-Br))(OMe)(MeOH)] (1-MeOH) and [VO(L(3-OMe))(OMe) (MeOH)] (2-MeOH). Both complexes crystallize in the orthorhombic space group P2(1)2(1)2(1) together with two solvent molecules of methanol as 1-MeOH·2MeOH and 1-MeOH·2MeOH. In both crystal structures, only diastereomers with A configuration at the chiral vanadium centre (OC-6-24-A) are observed which corresponds to an cis configuration of the oxido group at the vanadium centre and the benzyl group at the anomeric carbon of the sugar backbone. Upon recrystallization of 2-MeOH from chloroform, the five-coordinate complex 2 was obtained which crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2(1) with one co-crystallized chloroform molecule (2·CHCl3). For the chiral vanadium centre in 2·CHCl3, a C configuration (SPY-5-43-C) is observed which corresponds to an trans structure as far as the orientations of the oxido and benzyl groups are concerned. (1)H and (51)V NMR spectra of 1 and 2 indicate the presence of two diastereomers in solution. Their absolute configurations can be assigned based on the magnetic anisotropy effect of the oxidovanadium group. This effect leads to significant differences for the (1)H NMR chemical shifts of the H-2 (1.1 ppm) and H-3 protons (0.3 ppm) of the glucose backbone of the two diastereomers, with the downfield shift observed for the H-2 proton of the C-configured and the H-3 proton of the A-configured diastereomer at the vanadium centre. For 1 and 2 the difference between the (51)V NMR chemical shifts of the two diastereomers is 30 and 28 ppm, respectively. Also in the (13)C NMR significant chemical shift differences between the

  9. Synthesis, crystal structure, spectral studies, and catechol oxidase activity of trigonal bipyramidal Cu(II) complexes derived from a tetradentate diamide bisbenzimidazole ligand.

    PubMed

    Gupta, M; Mathur, P; Butcher, R J

    2001-02-26

    A new benzimidazole-based diamide ligand-N,N'-bis(glycine-2- benzimidazolyl)hexanediamide (GBHA)-has been synthesized and utilized to prepare Cu(II) complexes of general composition [Cu(GBHA)X]X, where X is an exogenous anionic ligand (X = Cl(-), NO(3)(-), SCN(-)). The X-ray structure of one of the complexes, [Cu(GBHA)Cl]Cl.H(2)O.CH(3)OH, has been obtained. The compound crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c with unit cell dimensions a = 26.464(3) A, b = 10.2210(8) A, c = 20.444(2) A, alpha = 90 degrees, beta = 106.554(7) degrees, gamma = 90 degrees, V= 5300.7(9) A(3), and Z = 8. To the best of our knowledge, the [Cu(GBHA)Cl]Cl.H(2)O.CH(3)OH complex is the first structurally characterized mononuclear trigonal bipyramidal copper(II) bisbenzimidazole diamide complex having coordinated amide carbonyl oxygen. The coordination geometry around the Cu(II) ion is distorted trigonal bipyramidal (tau = 0.59). Two carbonyl oxygen atoms and a chlorine atom form the equatorial plane, while the two benzimidazole imine nitrogen atoms occupy the axial positions. The geometry of the Cu(II) center in the solid state is not preserved in DMSO solution, changing to square pyramidal, as suggested by the low-temperature EPR data g( parallel) > g( perpendicular) > 2.0023. All the complexes display a quasi-reversible redox wave due to the Cu(II)/Cu(I) reduction process. E(1/2) values shift anodically from Cl(-) < NO(3)(-) < SCN(-), indicating that the bound Cl(-) ion stabilizes the Cu(II) ion while the N-bonded SCN(-) ion destabilizes the Cu(II) state in the complex. When calculated against NHE, the redox potentials turn out to be quite positive as compared to other copper(II) benzimidazole bound complexes (Nakao, Y.; Onoda, M.; Sakurai, T.; Nakahara, A.; Kinoshita, L.; Ooi, S. Inorg. Chim. Acta 1988, 151, 55. Addison, A. W.; Hendricks, H. M. J.; Reedijk, J.; Thompson, L. K. Inorg. Chem. 1981, 20 (1), 103. Sivagnanam, U.; Palaniandavar, M. J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. 1994, 2277

  10. Synthesis, characterization, and structure of a uranyl complex with a disulfide ligand, bis(di-n-propylammonium) disulfidobis(di-n-propylthiocarbamato)dioxouranate(VI)

    SciTech Connect

    Perry, Dale L.; Zalkin, Allan; Ruben, Helena; Templeton, David H.

    1982-01-01

    Olive green crystals of the title compound, [(n-C3H7)2NH2+]2[UO2((n-C3H7)2NCOS)2(S2)]2-, are orthorhombic, space group Pcan, with a = 15.326 (6) Å, b = 17.474 (6) Å, c = 14.728 (6) Å, and Z = 4 (dx = 1.45 g/cm3). For 1833 data, I > σ, R= 0.052, and Rw = 0.069. In this paper, the structure was revealed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies to consist of [(n-C3H7)2NH2]+ cations and [UO2((n-C3H7)2NCOS)2(S2)]2- anions with the uranium atom at the center of an irregular hexagonal bipyramid. The uranyl oxygen atoms occupy the axial positions. The equatorial coordination plane contains the disulfide (S22-) group bonded in a "side-on" fashion and two oxygen and two sulfur donor atoms from the mono-thiocarbamate ligands. Interatomic distances are S-S = 2.05 (1) Å and U-S = 2.711 (3) Å (disulfide), U-S = 2.873 (3) Å and U-O = 2.48 (1) Å (thiocarbamate), and U-O = 1.82 (1) Å (uranyl). Finally, the nitrogen atom in the dipropylammonium cation is hydrogen bonded to the uranyl oxygen atoms.

  11. Titanium complexes supported by an [OSSO]-type bis(phenolato) ligand based on a trans-cyclooctanediyl platform: synthesis, structures, and 1-hexene polymerization.

    PubMed

    Nakata, Norio; Toda, Tomoyuki; Matsuo, Tsukasa; Ishii, Akihiko

    2012-01-01

    trans-Cyclooctanediyl-bridged [OSSO]-type ligand 4 reacts with TiCl(4)(thf)(2) in toluene to produce the corresponding titanium(IV) dichloro complexes as an inseparable mixture of cis-α isomer 6a and cis-β isomer 6b in a ratio of 2:1, whereas treatment of dilithio salt of 4 with TiCl(3)(thf)(3) in Et(2)O afforded chloride-bridged dimeric titanium(III) complex 8, which indicated the antiferromagnetic character in a nonpolar solvent solution. Di(isopropoxy) titanium(IV) complex 10 having a C(2)-symmetric cis-α configuration was synthesized by the reaction of 4 with Ti(O(i)Pr)(4) in toluene as yellow crystals. Moreover, the reaction of 4 with Ti(NEt(2))(4) in toluene resulted in the unexpected formation of [OSSO]-type bis(phenolato)-bridged dinuclear diamido titanium(IV) complex 11, which adopted a distorted tetrahedral geometry on the titanium center. These titanium complexes were characterized on the basis of their NMR spectroscopic data, and the molecular structures of complexes 8, 10, and 11 were established by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The titanium(IV) and (III) complexes 6 and 8 upon activation with a cocatalyst in toluene polymerized 1-hexene isospecifically to produce poly(1-hexene) having high molecular weight (M(w) = 22,000-52,000 g mol(-1)) and relatively narrow polydispersity (M(w)/M(n) = 1.7-1.8), albeit with low activity [0.27-1.0 g mmol(cat)(-1) h(-1)]. PMID:22129042

  12. Nd(III) and Dy(III) coordination compounds based on 1H-tetrazolate-5-acetic acid ligands: Synthesis, crystal structures and catalytic properties

    SciTech Connect

    Li Qiaoyun; Chen Dianyu; He Minghua; Yang Gaowen; Shen Lei; Zhai Chun; Shen Wei; Gu Kun; Zhao Jingjing

    2012-06-15

    Reactions of 1H-tetrazolate-5-acetic acid(H{sub 2}tza) with Nd(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}{center_dot}6H{sub 2}O or Dy(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}{center_dot}6H{sub 2}O with the presence of KOH under solvothermal conditions, produced two new coordination compounds, [M{sub 2}(tza){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}]{center_dot}2H{sub 2}O [M=Nd(1), Dy(2)]. Both compounds were structurally characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compounds 1 and 2 reveal 1D structures via bridging tza as linker. Furthermore, the compounds 1 and 2 showed a specific and good catalytic behavior for the polymerization of styrene, and the polymerization showed controlled characteristics. - Graphical Abstract: Two new coordination compounds, [M{sub 2}(tza){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}]{center_dot}2H{sub 2}O [M=Nd(1), Dy(2)] have been synthesis. 1 and 2 reveal 1D structures via bridging tza as linker, and showed a specific and good catalytic behavior for the polymerization of styrene. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer we have reported two novel compounds formed by H{sub 2}tza and Nd(III) or Dy(III). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Compounds 1 and 2 were found to have catalysis property for the photo-polymerization of styrene. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The high molecular weight polymers with narrow molecular weight distributions were obtained.

  13. Synthesis, structure, spectra and reactivity of iron(III) complexes of facially coordinating and sterically hindering 3N ligands as models for catechol dioxygenases.

    PubMed

    Sundaravel, Karuppasamy; Dhanalakshmi, Thirumanasekaran; Suresh, Eringathodi; Palaniandavar, Mallayan

    2008-12-28

    A series of 1 : 1 iron(III) complexes of sterically hindered and systematically modified tridentate 3N donor ligands have been isolated and studied as functional models for extradiol-cleaving catechol dioxygenases. All of them are of the type [Fe(L)Cl(3)], where L is N-methyl-N'-(pyrid-2-ylmethyl)ethylenediamine (L1), N-ethyl-N'-(pyrid-2-ylmethyl)ethylenediamine (L2), N-benzyl-N'-(pyrid-2-ylmethyl)ethylenediamine (L3), N,N-dimethyl-N'-(pyrid-2-ylmethyl)ethylenediamine (L4), N'-methyl-N'-(pyrid-2-ylmethyl)-N,N-dimethylethylenediamine (L5), N'-ethyl-N'-(pyrid-2-ylmethyl)-N,N-dimethylethylenediamine (L6) and N'-benzyl-N'-(pyrid-2-ylmethyl)-N,N-dimethylethylenediamine (L7). They have been characterized by elemental analysis and spectral and electrochemical methods. The X-ray crystal structures of the complexes [Fe(L2)Cl(3)] 2, [Fe(L3)Cl(3)] 3 and [Fe(L7)Cl(3)] 7 have been successfully determined. All the three complexes possess a distorted octahedral coordination geometry in which the ligand is facially coordinated to iron(III) and the chloride ions occupy the remaining coordination sites. Upon replacing the N-ethyl group on the terminal nitrogen donor in 2 by the bulky N-benzyl group as in 3, the terminal Fe-N bond distance increases slightly from 2.229(5) A to 2.244(5) A. Upon incorporating the sterically demanding N-benzyl group on the central nitrogen donor in 4 to obtain 7, the central Fe-N(amine) bond distance increases from 2.181(5) A to 2.299(2) A. The catecholate adducts [Fe(L)(DBC)(Cl)] and [Fe(L)(DBC)(Sol)](+), where H(2)DBC is 3,5-di-tert-butylcatechol and Sol = solvent (H(2)O/DMF), have been generated in situ and their spectral and redox properties and dioxygenase activities have been studied in N,N-dimethylformamide and dichloromethane solutions. The adducts [Fe(L)(DBC)(Sol)](+) undergo cleavage of DBC(2-) in the presence of molecular oxygen to afford both intra- and extradiol cleavage products. The extradiol products are higher in dichloromethane than in

  14. Ligational behavior of thiosemicarbazone, semicarbazone and thiocarbohydrazone ligands towards VO(IV), Ce(III), Th(IV) and UO 2(VI) ions: Synthesis, structural characterization and biological studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shebl, M.; Seleem, H. S.; El-Shetary, B. A.

    2010-01-01

    Mono- and binuclear VO(IV), Ce(III), Th(IV) and UO 2(VI) complexes of thiosemicarbazone, semicarbazone and thiocarbohydrazone ligands derived from 4,6-diacetylresorcinol were synthesized. The structures of these complexes were elucidated by elemental analyses, IR, UV-vis, ESR, 1H NMR and mass spectra as well as conductivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements and thermal analyses. The thiosemicarbazone (H 4L 1) and the semicarbazone (H 4L 2) ligands behave as dibasic pentadentate ligands in case of VO(IV) and UO 2(VI) complexes, tribasic pentadentate in case of Ce(III) complexes and monobasic pentadentate in case of Th(IV) complexes. However, the thiocarbohydrazone ligand (H 3L 3) acts as a monobasic tridentate ligand in all complexes except the VO(IV) complex in which it acts as a dibasic tridentate ligand. The antibacterial and antifungal activities were also tested against Rhizobium bacteria and Fusarium-Oxysporium fungus. The metal complexes of H 4L 1 ligand showed a higher antibacterial effect than the free ligand while the other ligands (H 4L 2 and H 3L 3) showed a higher effect than their metal complexes. The antifungal effect of all metal complexes is lower than the free ligands.

  15. Synthesis, structural and biochemical activity studies of a new hexadentate Schiff base ligand and its Cu(II), Ni(II), and Co(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ekmekcioglu, Pinar; Karabocek, Nevin; Karabocek, Serdar; Emirik, Mustafa

    2015-11-01

    A new Schiff base ligand (H2L) and its metal complexes have been prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic moment and spectral studies. The comparative in-vitro antimicrobial activities against various pathogens with reference to known antibiotics activity under the standard control of different concentrations revealed that the metal complexes (6-8) showed enhanced antimicrobial activities in general as compared to free ligand. As an exception, the free ligand showed better activity against Trichoderma. The antifungal activity experiments were performed in triplicate. The order of biochemical activity for metal complexes were observed as in the following. CuL > CoL > NiL, which is exactly same as the order of stability constants of these complexes. Additionally, we performed DFT and TD-DFT calculation for free ligand and Cu(II) complex to support the experimental data. The geometries of the Cu(II) complex have been optimized using the B3LYP level of theory. The theoretical calculations confirm that the copper (II) center exhibits a distorted square pyramidal geometry which is favored by experimental results.

  16. Synthesis of zinc, copper, nickel, cobalt, and iron complexes using tris(pyrazolyl)methane sulfonate ligands: a structural model for N,N,O binding in metalloenzymes.

    PubMed

    Papish, Elizabeth T; Taylor, Michael T; Jernigan, Finith E; Rodig, Michael J; Shawhan, Robert R; Yap, Glenn P A; Jové, Fernando A

    2006-03-01

    Ligands of intermediate steric bulk were designed to mimic metalloenzymes with histidine and carboxlyate binding sites. The reaction between tris(3-isopropylpyrazolyl)methane and butyllithium followed by SO3NMe3 in THF yielded the new ligand lithium tris(3-isopropylpyrazolyl)methane sulfonate (LiTpmsiPr). Various metal salts reacted with LiTpmsiPr to give the octahedral complexes M(TpmsiPr)2 (M = Zn, Cu, Ni, Co, Fe) in which each ligand has N,N,O binding to the metal. In the reaction between LiTpmsiPr and ZnCl2, in addition to the major product Zn(TpmsiPr)2, [LiTpmsiPrZnCl2].2THF was also formed as a minor product with a tetrahedral zinc atom coordinated to either N,N,Cl,Cl in the solid phase or N,N,N,Cl in acetonitrile solution. Although TpmsiPr is coordinatively flexible and can act as a bipodal or tripodal ligand, it appears to favor the formation of octahedral L2M complexes.

  17. Some metal complexes of three new potentially heptadentate (N4O3) tripodal Schiff base ligands; synthesis, characterizatin and X-ray crystal structure of a novel eight coordinate Gd(III) complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Golbedaghi, Reza; Moradi, Somaeyh; Salehzadeh, Sadegh; Blackman, Allan G.

    2016-03-01

    The symmetrical and asymmetrical potentially heptadentate (N4O3) tripodal Schiff base ligands (H3L1-H3L3) were synthesized from the condensation reaction of three tripodal tetraamine ligands tpt (trpn), tris (3-aminopropyl) amine; ppe (abap), (2-aminoethyl)bis(3-aminopropyl)amine, and tren, tris(2-aminoethyl)amine, with 5-methoxysalicylaldehyde. Then, the reaction of Ln(III) (Ln = Gd, La and Sm), Al(III), and Fe(III) metal ions with the above ligands was investigated. The resulting compounds were characterized by IR, mass spectrometry and elemental analysis in all cases and NMR spectroscopy in the case of the Schiff base ligands. The X-ray crystal structure of the Gd complex of H3L3 ligand showed that in addition to all donor atoms of the ligand one molecule of H2O is also coordinated to the metal ion and a neutral eight-coordinate complex is formed.

  18. Comments on "Synthesis aspects, structural, spectroscopic, antimicrobial and room temperature ferromagnetism of zinc iodide complex with Schiff based ligand" by K. Shakila and S. Kalainathan, Spectrochim. Acta 135 A (2015) 1059-1065

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Srinivasan, Bikshandarkoil R.; Nadkarni, V. S.

    2016-06-01

    Shakila and Kalainathan report on the synthetic and structural aspects of a zinc iodide complex with Schiff based ligand, which exhibits room temperature ferromagnetism. In this comment, many points of criticism, concerning the characterization of this so called zinc iodide complex of Schiff based ligand are highlighted to prove that the title paper is completely erroneous.

  19. Structural insight into PPARgamma ligands binding.

    PubMed

    Farce, A; Renault, N; Chavatte, P

    2009-01-01

    Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptors (PPARs) are a family of three related nuclear receptors first cloned in 1990. Their involvement in glucidic and lipidic homeostasis quickly made them an attractive target for the treatment of metabolic syndrome, the most prevalent mortality factor in developed countries. They therefore attracted much synthetic efforts, more particularly PPARgamma. Supported by a large number of crystallographic studies, data derived from these compounds lead to a fairly clear view of the agonist binding mode into the Ligand Binding Domain (LBD). Nearly all the compounds conform to a three-module structure, with a binder group involved in a series of hydrogen bonds in front of the ligand-dependent Activation Function (AF2), a linker mostly arranged around a phenoxyethyl and an effector end occupying the large cavity of the binding site. Following the marketing of the glitazones and the observation of the hepatotoxicity of troglitazone, variations in the binder led to the glitazars, and then pharmacomodulations have been undertaken on the two other modules, leading to a large family of highly related chemical structures. Some compounds, while still adhering to the three-module structure, diverge from the mainstream, such as the phthalates. Curiously, these plasticizers were known to elicit biological effects that led to the discovery of PPARs but were not actively studied as PPARs agonists. As the biological effects of PPARs became clearer, new compounds were also found to exert at least a part of their actions by the activation of PPARgamma. PMID:19442144

  20. Synthesis of a labile sulfur-centred ligand, [S(H)C(PPh2S)2](-): structural diversity in lithium(i), zinc(ii) and nickel(ii) complexes.

    PubMed

    Thirumoorthi, Ramalingam; Chivers, Tristram; Häggman, Susanna; Mansikkamäki, Akseli; Morgan, Ian S; Tuononen, Heikki M; Lahtinen, Manu; Konu, Jari

    2016-08-01

    A high-yield synthesis of [Li{S(H)C(PPh2S)2}]2 [Li2·(3)2] was developed and this reagent was used in metathesis with ZnCl2 and NiCl2 to produce homoleptic complexes 4 and 5b in 85 and 93% yields, respectively. The solid-state structure of the octahedral complex [Zn{S(H)C(PPh2S)2}2] (4) reveals notable inequivalence between the Zn-S(C) and Zn-S(P) contacts (2.274(1) Å vs. 2.842(1) and 2.884(1) Å, respectively). Two structural isomers of the homoleptic complex [Ni{S(H)C(PPh2S)2}2] were isolated after prolonged crystallization processes. The octahedral green Ni(ii) isomer 5a exhibits the two monoprotonated ligands bonded in a tridentate (S,S',S'') mode to the Ni(ii) centre with three distinctly different Ni-S bond lengths (2.3487(8), 2.4500(9) and 2.5953(10) Å). By contrast, in the red-brown square-planar complex 5b the two ligands are S,S'-chelated to Ni(ii) (d(Ni-S) = 2.165(2) and 2.195(2) Å) with one pendant PPh2S group. DFT calculations revealed that the energetic difference between singlet and triplet state octahedral and square-planar isomers of the Ni(ii) complex is essentially indistinguishable. Consistently, VT and (31)P CP/MAS NMR spectroscopic investigations indicated that a mixture of isomers exists in solution at room temperature, while the singlet state square-planar isomer 5b becomes favoured at -40 °C. PMID:27453403

  1. Efficient transfer of either one or two dithiolene ligands from nickel to ruthenium: synthesis and crystal structures of [Ru(SCR=CPhS)(2)(PPh(3))] and [RuCl(2)(SCR=CPhS)(PPh(3))(2)] (R = Ph, H).

    PubMed

    Adams, Harry; Coffey, Anna M; Morris, Michael J; Morris, Sarah A

    2009-12-21

    High yields of two different types of ruthenium dithiolene complex have been obtained by reactions that involve transfer of the dithiolene ligands from the nickel complexes [Ni(SCR=CPhS)(2)] (R = Ph, H) to [RuCl(2)(PPh(3))(3)]. At room temperature one dithiolene is rapidly transferred to yield [RuCl(2)(SCR=CPhS)(PPh(3))(2)], whereas under thermal conditions (refluxing toluene) two dithiolene ligands are incorporated to give [Ru(SCR=CPhS)(2)(PPh(3))]. The crystal structures of the ruthenium bis(dithiolene) complexes indicate that the dithiolene ligands are bonded in the monoanionic form, whereas in the monodithiolene complexes the dithioketone canonical form of the dithiolene ligand is more in evidence, as shown by the average C-S and C=C bond distances in the ligands. This is consistent with both complexes containing Ru(II) centers. The synthesis of the mixed-ligand bis(dithiolene) complex [Ru(SCH=CPhS)(S(2)C(2)Ph(2))(PPh(3))] has been achieved and it is shown that the bis(dithiolene) complexes undergo relatively slow scrambling of the dithiolene ligands in solution. The complex [Ru(SCH=CFcS)(2)(PPh(3))], containing two ferrocenyl-substituted dithiolene ligands, was also prepared, but attempts to establish the degree of electrochemical communication between them were hampered by instability and the irreversible nature of the redox processes.

  2. Synthesis and Characterization of a New TRIPHOS Ligand Derivative and the Corresponding Pd(II) Complexes

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, Deanna L.; Boro, Brian J.; Grubel, Katarzyna; Helm, Monte L.; Appel, Aaron M.

    2015-12-01

    The synthesis of the new bis(2-(diphenylphosphino)ethyl)methylhydroxyphosphine tridentate phosphine ligand, LCH2OH/Ph, is reported. The ligand reacts with [Pd(Cl)2(PhCN)2 to form [Pd(LCH2OH/Ph)Cl]Cl. Exchange of the chloride ions for triflate (OTf–) using AgOTf yielded pure [Pd(LCH2OH/Ph)OTf]OTf. In addition to spectral characterization the free ligand, LCH2OH/Ph, and Pd(II) complex, [Pd(LCH2OH/Ph)OTf]OTf, are structurally characterized. This research was supported by the US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Biosciences, and Geosciences. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is a multiprogram national laboratory operated by Battelle for DOE.

  3. Synthesis, structural characterization and DFT calculation on a square-planar Ni(II) complex of a compartmental Schiff base ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Biswas, Surajit; Dolai, Malay; Dutta, Arpan; Ali, Mahammad

    2016-12-01

    Reaction of a symmetric compartmental Schiff-base ligand, (H2L) with nickel(II) perchlorate hexahydrate in 1:1 M ratio in methanol gives rise to a mononuclear nickel(II) compound, NiL (1). The compound has been characterized by C, H, N microanalyses and UV-Vis spectra. The single crystal X-ray diffraction studies reveal a square planar geometry around the Ni(II) center. The compound crystallizes in monoclinic system with space group C2/c with a = 21.6425(6), b = 9.9481(3), c = 13.1958(4) Å, β = 107.728(2)°, V = 2706.16(14) Å3 and Z = 4. Ground state DFT optimization and TDDFT calculations on the ligand and complex were performed to get their UV-Vis spectral pattern.

  4. Synthesis and crystal structures of two coordination polymers and a binuclear cadmium(II) complex containing 3- and 4-aminobenzoate ligands.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Dong-Mei; Zhao, Xiao-Lan; Liu, Feng-Yi; Kou, Jun-Feng

    2015-08-01

    Due to their wide range of coordination modes and versatile conformations when binding to metal atoms, multicarboxylate ligands are of interest in the design of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). Three Cd(II) complexes, namely catena-poly[diammonium [[chloridocadmium(II)]-di-μ-chlorido-[chloridocadmium(II)]-bis(μ-3-aminobenzoato)-κ(3)N:O,O';κ(3)O,O':N

  5. Three-dimensional open-frameworks based on Ln(III) ions and open-/closed-shell PTM ligands: synthesis, structure, luminescence, and magnetic properties.

    PubMed

    Datcu, Angela; Roques, Nans; Jubera, Véronique; Imaz, Inhar; Maspoch, Daniel; Sutter, Jean-Pascal; Rovira, Concepció; Veciana, Jaume

    2011-03-21

    A series of isostructural open-framework coordination polymers formulated as [Ln(dmf)(3)(ptmtc)] (Ln = Sm (1), Eu (2), Gd (3), Tb (4), Dy (5); PTMTC = polychlorotriphenylmethyl tricarboxylate) and [Ln(dmf)(2)H(2)O(αH-ptmtc)] (Ln = Sm (1'), Eu (2'), Gd (3'), Tb (4'), Dy (5')) have been obtained by treating Ln(III) ions with PTMTC ligands with a radical (PTMTC(3-)) or a closed-shell character (αH-PTMTC(3-)). X-ray diffraction analyses reveal that these coordination polymers possess 3D architectures that combine large channels and fairly rare lattice complex T connectivity. In addition, these compounds show selective framework dynamic sorption properties. For both classes of ligands, the ability to act as an antenna in Ln sensitization processes has been investigated. No luminescence was observed for compounds 1-5, and 3' because of the PTMTC(3-) ligand and/or Gd(III) ion characteristics. Conversely, photoluminescence measurements show that 1', 2', 4', and 5' emit dark orange, red, green, and dark cyan metal-centered luminescence. The magnetic properties of all of these compounds have been investigated. The nature of the {Ln-radical} exchange interaction in these compounds has been assessed by comparing the behavior of the radical-based coordination polymers 1-5 with those of the compounds with the diamagnetic ligand set. While antiferromagnetic {Sm-radical} interactions are found in 1, ferromagnetic {Ln-radical} interactions propagate in the 3D architectures of 3, 4, and 5 (Ln = Gd, Tb, and Dy, respectively). This procedure also provided access to information on the {Ln-Ln} exchange existing in these magnetic systems.

  6. Flexible Cyclic Ethers/Polyethers as Novel P2-Ligands for HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors: Design, Synthesis, Biological Evaluation, and Protein-Ligand X-Ray Studies

    SciTech Connect

    Ghosh, Arun; Gemma, Sandra; Baldridge, Abigal; Wang, Yuan-Fang; Kovalevsky, Andrey; Koh, Yashiro; Weber, Irene; Mitsuya, Hiroaki

    2008-12-05

    We report the design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of a series of novel HIV-1 protease inhibitors. The inhibitors incorporate stereochemically defined flexible cyclic ethers/polyethers as high affinity P2-ligands. Inhibitors containing small ring 1,3-dioxacycloalkanes have shown potent enzyme inhibitory and antiviral activity. Inhibitors 3d and 3h are the most active inhibitors. Inhibitor 3d maintains excellent potency against a variety of multi-PI-resistant clinical strains. Our structure-activity studies indicate that the ring size, stereochemistry, and position of oxygens are important for the observed activity. Optically active synthesis of 1,3-dioxepan-5-ol along with the syntheses of various cyclic ether and polyether ligands have been described. A protein-ligand X-ray crystal structure of 3d-bound HIV-1 protease was determined. The structure revealed that the P2-ligand makes extensive interactions including hydrogen bonding with the protease backbone in the S2-site. In addition, the P2-ligand in 3d forms a unique water-mediated interaction with the NH of Gly-48.

  7. Synthesis of mononuclear copper(II) complexes of acyclic Schiff's base ligands: Spectral, structural, electrochemical, antibacterial, DNA binding and cleavage activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jayamani, Arumugam; Thamilarasan, Vijayan; Sengottuvelan, Nallathambi; Manisankar, Paramasivam; Kang, Sung Kwon; Kim, Young-Inn; Ganesan, Vengatesan

    2014-03-01

    The mononuclear copper(II) complexes (1&2) of ligands L1 [N,N";-bis(2-hydroxy-5-methylbenzyl)-1,4-bis(3-iminopropyl)piperazine] or L2 [N,N";-bis(2-hydroxy-5-bromobenzyl)-1,4-bis(3-iminopropyl) piperazine] have been synthesized and characterised. The single crystal X-ray study had shown that ligands L1 and L2 crystallize in a monoclinic crystal system with P21/c space group. The mononuclear copper(II) complexes show one quasireversible cyclic voltammetric response near cathodic region (-0.77 to -0.85 V) in DMF assignable to the Cu(II)/Cu(I) couple. Binding interaction of the complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT DNA) investigated by absorption studies and fluorescence spectral studies show good binding affinity to CT DNA, which imply both the copper(II) complexes can strongly interact with DNA efficiently. The copper(II) complexes showed efficient oxidative cleavage of plasmid pBR322 DNA in the presence of 3-mercaptopropionic acid as reducing agent through a mechanistic pathway involving formation of singlet oxygen as the reactive species. The Schiff bases and their Cu(II) complexes have been screened for antibacterial activities which indicates that the complexes exhibited higher antimicrobial activity than the free ligands.

  8. Structure of human PNP complexed with ligands.

    PubMed

    Canduri, Fernanda; Silva, Rafael Guimarães; dos Santos, Denis Marangoni; Palma, Mário Sérgio; Basso, Luiz Augusto; Santos, Diógenes Santiago; de Azevedo, Walter Filgueira

    2005-07-01

    Purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) is a key enzyme in the purine-salvage pathway, which allows cells to utilize preformed bases and nucleosides in order to synthesize nucleotides. PNP is specific for purine nucleosides in the beta-configuration and exhibits a strong preference for purines containing a 6-keto group and ribosyl-containing nucleosides relative to the corresponding analogues. PNP was crystallized in complex with ligands and data collection was performed using synchrotron radiation. This work reports the structure of human PNP in complex with guanosine (at 2.80 A resolution), 3'-deoxyguanosine (at 2.86 A resolution) and 8-azaguanine (at 2.85 A resolution). These structures were compared with the PNP-guanine, PNP-inosine and PNP-immucillin-H complexes solved previously.

  9. A new bioactive Schiff base ligands derived from propylazo-N-pyrimidin-2-yl-benzenesulfonamides Mn(II) and Cu(II) complexes: Synthesis, thermal and spectroscopic characterization biological studies and 3D modeling structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tawfik, Abdelrazak M.; El-ghamry, Mosad A.; Abu-El-Wafa, Samy M.; Ahmed, Naglaa M.

    2012-11-01

    New series of Schiff base ligand H2L and their Cu(II) and Mn(II) complexes derived from azosulfapyrimidine were synthesized and characterized by elemental and thermal studies conductance measurements IR, electronic and EPR spectra. 3D modeling of the ligand indicate that azo group does not participate in complex formation and surface potential on one of the ligand under study indicate that electron density around azomethine groups are much higher than the azo group therefore coordination takes place around azomethine groups. The variety in the geometrical structures depends on the nature of both the metal ions and the Schiff base ligands. The thermo kinetic parameters are calculated and discussed. The biological activities of the ligands and complexes have been screened in vitro against some bacteria and fungi to study their capacity to inhibit their growth and to study the toxicity of the compounds.

  10. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and X-ray structures of five-coordinate diorganotin(IV) complexes containing 5-hydroxypyrazoline derivatives as ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sousa, Gerimário F. de; Garcia, Edgardo; Gatto, Claudia C.; Resck, Inês S.; Deflon, Victor M.; Ardisson, José D.

    2010-09-01

    Four new diorganotin(IV) complexes have been prepared from R 2SnCl 2 (R = Me, Ph) with the ligands 5-hydroxy-3-metyl-5-phenyl-1-( S-benzildithiocarbazate)-pyrazoline (H 2L 1) and 5-hydroxy-3-methyl-5-phenyl-1-(2-thiophenecarboxylic)-pyrazoline (H 2L 2). The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H, 13C, 119Sn NMR and Mössbauer spectroscopies. The complexes [Me 2SnL 1], [Ph 2SnL 1] and [Me 2SnL 2] were also studied by single crystal X-ray diffraction and the results showed that the Sn(IV) central atom of the complexes adopts a distorted trigonal bipyramidal (TBP) geometry with the N atom of the ONX-tridentate (X = O and S) ligand and two organic groups occupying equatorial sites. The C-Sn-C angles for [Me 2Sn(L 1)] and [Ph 2Sn(L 1)] were calculated using a correlation between 119Sn Mössbauer and X-ray crystallographic data based on the point-charge model. Theoretical calculations were performed with the B3LYP density functional employing 3-21G(*) and DZVP all electron basis sets showing good agreement with experimental findings. General and Sn(IV) specific IR harmonic frequency scale factors for both basis sets were obtained from comparison with selected experimental frequencies.

  11. Synthesis of Ferrocene Oxazoline N,O ligands and Their Application in Asymmetric Ethyl- and Phenylzinc Additions to Aldehydes.

    PubMed

    Nottingham, Chris; Benson, Robert; Müller-Bunz, Helge; Guiry, Patrick J

    2015-10-16

    The synthesis of a range of novel gem-disubstituted ferrocene-oxazoline ligands and their application in both the asymmetric ethyl- and phenylzinc additions to aldehydes is reported. These studies reveal that gem-disubstitution of i-Pr-containing ferrocene oxazoline ligands results in increased enantioselectivity compared to their unsubstituted counterparts. Utilizing zinc catalysis, these ligands provided a wide range of secondary alcohols in yields of up to 93% with ee's of up to >99%. An interesting crystal structure of a ferrocene oxide-lithium tetramer showing lithium-nitrogen coordination in the solid state is also presented.

  12. Sulfur copolymer for the direct synthesis of ligand-free CdS nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Martin, Trevor R; Mazzio, Katherine A; Hillhouse, Hugh W; Luscombe, Christine K

    2015-06-30

    Organic coordinating ligands are ubiquitously used to solubilize, stabilize and functionalize colloidal nanoparticles. Aliphatic organic ligands are typically used to control size during the nanoparticle growth period and are used as a high boiling point solvent for solution-based synthesis procedures. However, these aliphatic ligands are typically not well suited for the end use of the nanoparticles, so additional ligand exchange or ligand stripping procedures must be implemented after the nanoparticle synthesis. Herein we present a ligand-free CdS nanoparticle synthesis procedure using a unique sulfur copolymer. The sulfur copolymer is derived from elemental sulfur, which is a cheap and abundant material. This copolymer is used as a sulfur source and high boiling point solvent, which produces stabilized metal-sulfide nanoparticles that are suspended within a sulfur copolymer matrix. The copolymer can then be removed, thereby yielding ligand-free metal-sulfide nanoparticles. PMID:26077505

  13. Synthesis, crystal structure, spectral characterization and photoluminescence property of three Cd(II) complexes with a pyrazole based Schiff-base ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mandal, Susmita; Saha, Rajat; Saha, Manan; Pradhan, Rajesh; Butcher, Ray J.; Saha, Nitis Chandra

    2016-04-01

    Substituted pyrazole containing Schiff-base ligand, 5-methyl-3-formylpyrazole-N-(2‧-methylphenoxy)methyleneimine, (MPzOA), afforded three new Cd(II) complexes, [Cd(MPzOA)Cl2]2.CH3OH (I), [Cd(MPzOA)2(H2O)2](ClO4)2 (II) and [Cd(MPzOA)(H2O)(NO3)2] (III). In the reported complex species the coordination number and geometry of Cd(II) vary. In complex I and II, Cd(II) adopts six and in (III) it adopts eight coordination modes, with prismatic, octahedral and distorted dodecahedral geometry, respectively. All the complexes are characterized by IR, 1H NMR, UV-Vis spectral parameters and X-ray analyses. The complexes have 1D, 2D and 3D supramolecular frameworks formed by non-covalent interactions, like hydrogen bonding, π … π stacking, C-H … π interactions.

  14. Synthesis and crystal structure of a novel Mn(II) coordination polymer with 3-(4-(1 H-benzo[d]imidazol-1-yl)-4-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenylprop-2-en-1-one ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, G.-F.; Zhang, X.; Sun, S.-W.; Han, Q.-P.; Yang, X.; Li, H.; Ma, H.-X.; Yao, C.-Z.; Sun, H.; Dong, H.-B.

    2015-12-01

    3-(4-(1 H-Benzo[d]imidazol-1-yl)-4-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenylprop-2-en-1-one ( L 1 , 1) and its Mn(II) complex, [Mn( L 1 )2(SCN)2]∞ ( 2), were synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, IR spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The Mn(II) ion in 2 is six-coordinated to four nitrogen atoms of two L 1 ligands, two SCN-ligands, and two oxygen atoms of other two L 1 ligands to form a distorted octahedral geometry. Therefore, each L 1 links Mn ions through the O and N atoms to generate 2D sheet structure.

  15. Exploring the effect of chain length of bridging ligands in cobalt(II) coordination polymers based on flexible bis(5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole) ligands: Synthesis, crystal structures, fluorescence and catalytic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qin, Li; Li, Yue-Hua; Ma, Pei-Juan; Cui, Guang-Hua

    2013-11-01

    Two Co(II) coordination polymers derived from a dicarboxylate and two flexible bis(5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole) ligands with varying chain lengths equipped, namely [Co(bdmbmm)(nip)]n (1) and [Co2(bdmbmb)2(nip)2ṡH2O]n (2) (bdmbmm = 1,1'-bis(5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole)methane, H2nip = 5-nitroisophthalic acid, bdmbmb = 1,4-bis(5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole)butane), have been synthesized by hydrothermal methods and characterized by elemental analyses, IR spectra, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Complex 1 forms a 1D looped-like chain consisting of two kinds of macrocycles, which is further arranged into a 2D supramolecular layer through face-to-face π-π stacking interactions; whereas complex 2 exhibits a 3D framework with a twofold interpenetrating diamondoid topology. The fluorescence and catalytic properties of the complexes for the degradation of methyl orange by sodium persulfate have been investigated.

  16. Protoglobin: structure and ligand-binding properties.

    PubMed

    Pesce, Alessandra; Bolognesi, Martino; Nardini, Marco

    2013-01-01

    Protoglobin is the first globin identified in Archaea; its biological role is still unknown, although it can bind O2, CO and NO reversibly in vitro. The X-ray structure of Methanosarcina acetivorans protoglobin revealed several peculiar structural features. Its tertiary structure can be considered as an expanded version of the canonical globin fold, characterised by the presence of a pre-A helix (named Z) and a 20-residue N-terminal extension. Other unusual trends are a large distortion of the haem moiety, and its complete burial in the protein matrix due to the extended CE and FG loops and the 20-residue N-terminal loop. Access of diatomic ligands to the haem has been proposed to be granted by two tunnels, which are mainly defined by helices B/G (tunnel 1) and B/E (tunnel 2), and whose spatial orientation and topology give rise to an almost orthogonal two-tunnel system unprecedented in other globins. At a quaternary level, protoglobin forms a tight dimer, mostly based on the inter-molecular four-helix bundle built by the G- and H-helices, similar to that found in globin-coupled sensor proteins, which share with protoglobin a common phylogenetic origin. Such unique structural properties, together with an unusually low O2 dissociation rate and a selectivity ratio for O2/CO binding that favours O2 ligation, make protoglobin a peculiar case for gaining insight into structure to function relationships within the globin superfamily. While recent structural and biochemical data have given answers to important questions, the functional issue is still unclear and it is expected to represent the major focus of future investigations. PMID:24054795

  17. Acetate ligands determine the crystal structure of CdSe nanoplatelets - a density functional theory study.

    PubMed

    Koster, Rik S; Fang, Changming; van Blaaderen, Alfons; Dijkstra, Marjolein; van Huis, Marijn A

    2016-08-10

    Cadmium selenide (CdSe) nanoplatelets of a few atomic layers thick exhibit extremely sharp photoluminescence peaks and are synthesized in the zinc blende crystal structure, whereas the most stable bulk polymorph of CdSe is the wurtzite structure. These platelets can be synthesized very monodispersely in thickness, and are covered with acetate ligands. Here, we show by means of density functional theory (DFT) calculations that these ligands play a pivoting role in the stabilization of 2D nanosheets as a whole, including the deviating crystal structure. The relative stability as a function of slab thickness, strong effects on electronic properties, and implications for synthesis are discussed. PMID:27453036

  18. Phenylthiolate as a sigma- and pi- donor ligand: synthesis of a 3-D organometallic coordination polymer [K2Fe(SPh)4]n.

    PubMed

    Yu, Xiao-Yan; Jin, Guo-Xin; Weng, Lin-Hong

    2004-07-01

    The synthesis and crystal structure of the first mixed-metal organometallic polymer network containing phenylthiolato ligands, [K2Fe(SPh)4]n, are investigated. The simple phenylthiolate acts as a sigma- and pi-donor ligand to give a 3-D potassium iron coordination polymer with both metal-carbon and metal-sulfur coordination interactions.

  19. Synthesis, spectroscopic, thermogravimetric and antimicrobial studies of mixed ligands complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahmoud, Walaa H.; Mahmoud, Nessma F.; Mohamed, Gehad G.; El-Sonbati, Adel Z.; El-Bindary, Ashraf A.

    2015-09-01

    An interesting series of mixed ligand complexes have been synthesized by the reaction of metal chloride with guaifenesin (GFS) in the presence of 2-aminoacetic acid (HGly) (1:1:1 molar ratio). The elemental analysis, magnetic moments, molar conductance, spectral (UV-Vis, IR, 1H NMR and ESR) and thermal studies were used to characterize the isolated complexes. The molecular structure of GFS is optimized theoretically and the quantum chemical parameters are calculated. The IR showed that the ligand (GFS) acts as monobasic tridentate through the hydroxyl, phenoxy etheric and methoxy oxygen atoms and co-ligand (HGly) as monobasic bidentate through the deprotonated carboxylate oxygen atom and nitrogen atom of amino group. The molar conductivities showed that all the complexes are non-electrolytes except Cr(III) complex is electrolyte. Electronic and magnetic data proposed the octahedral structure for all complexes under investigation. ESR spectrum for Cu(II) revealed data which confirm the proposed structure. Antibacterial screening of the compounds were carried out in vitro on gram positive (Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus), gram negative (Escherichia coli and Neisseria gonorrhoeae) bacteria and for in vitro antifungal activity against Candida albicans organism. However, some complexes showed more chemotherapeutic efficiency than the parent GFS drug. The complexes were also screened for their in vitro anticancer activity against the breast cell line (MFC7) and the results obtained showed that they exhibit a considerable anticancer activity.

  20. Dicynamide bridged two new zig-zag 1-D Zn(II) coordination polymers of pyrimidine derived Schiff base ligands: Synthesis, crystal structures and fluorescence studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Konar, Saugata

    2015-07-01

    Two new zigzag 1-D polymeric Zn(II) coordination polymers {[Zn(L1)(μ1,5-dca)](H2O)}n (1), {[Zn(L2)(μ1,5-dca)](ClO4)}n (2) of two potentially tridentate NNO-, NNN-, donor Schiff base ligands [2-(2-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)hydrazono)methyl)phenol] (L1), [1-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-2-(dipyridin-2ylmethylene)hydrazine] (L2) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, IR and 1H NMR, fluorescence spectroscopy and single crystal X-ray crystallography. The dicyanamide ions act as linkers (μ1,5 mode) in the formation of these coordination polymers. Both the complexes 1 and 2 have same distorted square pyramidal geometry around the Zn(II) centres. The weak forces like π⋯π, Csbnd H⋯π, anion⋯π interactions lead to various supramolecular architectures. Complex 1 shows high chelation enhanced fluorescence compared to that of 2. The fluorescence spectral changes observed high selectivity towards Zn(II) over other metal ions such as Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II).

  1. Synthesis, structural characterization, DNA binding studies and antitumor properties of tin(II)-oxydiacetate complexes containing α-diimine as auxiliary ligand.

    PubMed

    Siddiqi, Zafar A; Sharma, Prashant K; Shahid, M; Khalid, Mohd

    2013-08-01

    Metal directed supra molecular assemblies with interesting topologies have been widely used as models for metallo-enzymes and in development of metallo-pharmaceuticals. Two novel tin(II)-oxydiacetate complexes with α-diimine (1,10-phenanthroline or 2,2'-bipyridine) as auxiliary ligand were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, (1)H-, (13)C- and (119)Sn-NMR and single crystal X-ray crystallography. The spectral investigations and X-ray data show that {Sn} is hepta coordinated with pentagonal bipyramidal (pbp) geometry of the complexes. The in vitro binding and cleavage studies using CT DNA by UV-visible, fluorescence and agarose gel electrophoresis techniques revealed that both complexes bind DNA via intercalation. The observed magnitudes of Kb for complexes (1) and (2) are 2.517×10(4) and 5.35×10(3), respectively, which suggest that (1) has strong binding affinity for CT DNA as compared to (2). The complexes were tested for antitumor properties and found highly active at 10(-4)M concentration against P388, HL-60 and A-549 cell lines.

  2. Synthesis, crystal structure and photoelectric property of two new coordination polymers constructed by longer-spanning suberic acid and 4,4'-bipyridine ligands.

    PubMed

    Xie, Yan; Bai, Feng Ying; Li, Jing; Xing, Yong Heng; Wang, Zhuo; Zhao, Hai Yan; Pu, Zhi Feng; Ge, Mao Fa; Shi, Zhan

    2010-11-01

    Two-dimensional coordination polymers, [M(C₈H₁₂O₄)(C₁₀H₈N₂)]·H₂O [M=Co (1), Cd (2); C₁₀H₈N₂ = 4,4-bipyridine, C₈H₁₄O₄=subaric acid] were obtained from the reaction of the metal salts, bipy and subaric acid at 180°C and characterized by elemental analysis, infrared spectrum, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction and surface photovoltage spectrum (SPS). The single-crystal X-ray diffraction showed that the subaric ligand in the two complexes exhibits two types of modes coordinating to transition metal ions, resulting in the formation of a 1D infinite chain along the c-axis. In addition, the results of SPS for complexes 1 and 2 indicate that these two complexes exhibit positive surface photovoltage responses in the range of 300-800 nm, which can be assigned to LMCT and MLCT, respectively. And the SPS of complex 1 also can be assigned to the d→d* electronic transition. The SPS spectra of the two complexes are consistent with their UV-vis spectra.

  3. Ligand centered radical pathway in catechol oxidase activity with a trinuclear zinc-based model: Synthesis, structural characterization and luminescence properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pal, Sukanta; Chowdhury, Biswajit; Patra, Moumita; Maji, Milan; Biswas, Bhaskar

    2015-06-01

    A new trinuclear zinc(II) complex, [Zn3(L)(NCS)2](NO3)2·CH3OH·H2O (1), of a (N,O)-donor compartmental Schiff base ligand (H2L = N,N‧-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,3-diamino-2-propanol), has been synthesized in crystalline phase. The zinc(II) complex has been characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction study (PXRD), 1H NMR, EI mass spectrometry and thermogravimetric analysis. PXRD revealed that 1 crystallizes in P - 1 space group with a = 9.218 Å, b = 10.849 Å, c = 18.339 Å, with unit cell volume is 2179.713 (Å)3. Fluorescence spectra in methanolic solution reflect that intensity of emission for 1 is much higher compared to H2L and both the compounds exhibit good fluorescence properties. The complex 1 exhibits significant catalytic activities of biological relevance, viz. catechol oxidase. In methanol, it efficiently catalyzes the oxidation of 3,5-di-tert-butylcatechol (3,5-DTBC) to corresponding quinone via formation of a dinuclear species as [Zn2(L)(3,5-DTBC)]. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) experiment suggests generation of radicals in the presence of 3,5-DTBC and it may be proposed that the radical pathway is probably responsible for conversion of 3,5-DTBC to 3,5-DTBQ promoted by complex of redox-innocent Zn(II) ion.

  4. Functional conservation despite structural divergence in ligand-responsive RNA switches.

    PubMed

    Boerneke, Mark A; Dibrov, Sergey M; Gu, Jing; Wyles, David L; Hermann, Thomas

    2014-11-11

    An internal ribosome entry site (IRES) initiates protein synthesis in RNA viruses, including the hepatitis C virus (HCV). We have discovered ligand-responsive conformational switches in viral IRES elements. Modular RNA motifs of greatly distinct sequence and local secondary structure have been found to serve as functionally conserved switches involved in viral IRES-driven translation and may be captured by identical cognate ligands. The RNA motifs described here constitute a new paradigm for ligand-captured switches that differ from metabolite-sensing riboswitches with regard to their small size, as well as the intrinsic stability and structural definition of the constitutive conformational states. These viral RNA modules represent the simplest form of ligand-responsive mechanical switches in nucleic acids.

  5. Synthesis, structure and characterization of two copper(II) supramolecular coordination polymers based on a multifunctional ligand 2-amino-4-sulfobenzoic acid.

    PubMed

    Wei, Yan; Zhang, Lei; Wang, Meng-Jie; Chen, Si-Chun; Wang, Zi-Hao; Zhang, Kou-Lin

    2015-07-01

    Copper(II) coordination polymers have attracted considerable interest due to their catalytic, adsorption, luminescence and magnetic properties. The reactions of copper(II) with 2-amino-4-sulfobenzoic acid (H(2)asba) in the presence/absence of the auxiliary chelating ligand 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) under ambient conditions yielded two supramolecular coordination polymers, namely (3-amino-4-carboxybenzene-1-sulfonato-κO(1))bis(1,10-phenanthroline-κ(2)N,N')copper(II) 3-amino-4-carboxybenzene-1-sulfonate monohydrate, [Cu(C7H6N2O5S)(C12H8N2)2](C7H6N2O5S)·H2O, (1), and catena-poly[[diaquacopper(II)]-μ-3-amino-4-carboxylatobenzene-1-sulfonato-κ(2)O(4):O(4')], [Cu(C7H6N2O5S)(H2O)2]n, (2). The products were characterized by FT-IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), solid-state UV-Vis spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, as well as by variable-temperature powder X-ray diffraction analysis (VT-PXRD). Intermolecular π-π stacking interactions in (1) link the mononuclear copper(II) cation units into a supramolecular polymeric chain, which is further extended into a supramolecular double chain through interchain hydrogen bonds. Supramolecular double chains are then extended into a two-dimensional supramolecular double layer through hydrogen bonds between the lattice Hasba(-) anions, H2O molecules and double chains. Left- and right-handed 21 helices formed by the Hasba(-) anions are arranged alternately within the two-dimensional supramolecular double layers. Complex (2) exhibits a polymeric chain which is further extended into a three-dimensional supramolecular network through interchain hydrogen bonds. Complex (1) shows a reversible dehydration-rehydration behaviour, while complex (2) shows an irreversible dehydration-rehydration behaviour.

  6. Synthesis and structure of cobalt(II) complexes with hydroxyl derivatives of pyridinecarboxylic acids: Conformation analysis of ligands in the solid state

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kukovec, Boris-Marko; Popović, Zora; Pavlović, Gordana; Rajić Linarić, Maša

    2008-06-01

    Cobalt(II) complexes of 6-hydroxypicolinic acid (6-OHpicH), namely [Co(6-OHpic) 2(H 2O) 2] ( 1) and [Co(6-OHpic) 2(4-pic) 2]·4-pic ( 2), and of 2-hydroxynicotinic acid (2-OHnicH), [Co(2-OHnic) 2(H 2O) 2] ( 3) were prepared. The crystal structures of free 6-hydroxypicolinic acid monohydrate 6-OHpicH·H 2O ( 4), and the novel polymorph of 2-hydroxynicotinic acid 2-OHnicH ( 5) and complex 2 were determined by X-ray crystal structure analysis. All compounds were characterized by IR-spectroscopy and thermal methods (TGA/DSC) and data are in agreement with the structure analysis. It was established that 4 and 5 exist in solid state in keto tautomeric form. For 2, structure analysis revealed N,O-chelating mode of 6-hydroxypicolinic acid.

  7. Highly Potent HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors with Novel Tricyclic P2 Ligands: Design, Synthesis, and Protein-Ligand X-ray Studies

    SciTech Connect

    Ghosh, Arun K.; Parham, Garth L.; Martyr, Cuthbert D.; Nyalapatla, Prasanth R.; Osswald, Heather L.; Agniswamy, Johnson; Wang, Yuan-Fang; Amano, Masayuki; Weber, Irene T.; Mitsuya, Hiroaki

    2013-10-08

    The design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of a series of HIV-1 protease inhibitors incorporating stereochemically defined fused tricyclic P2 ligands are described. Various substituent effects were investigated to maximize the ligand-binding site interactions in the protease active site. Inhibitors 16a and 16f showed excellent enzyme inhibitory and antiviral activity, although the incorporation of sulfone functionality resulted in a decrease in potency. Both inhibitors 16a and 16f maintained activity against a panel of multidrug resistant HIV-1 variants. A high-resolution X-ray crystal structure of 16a-bound HIV-1 protease revealed important molecular insights into the ligand-binding site interactions, which may account for the inhibitor’s potent antiviral activity and excellent resistance profiles.

  8. [Enzyme-catalyzed synthesis of ASGPR ligand-targeted modifier in non-aqueous medium].

    PubMed

    Cheng, Yi; Wu, Wei; Zhang, Dong-qing; Mai, Yan-zhen

    2010-09-01

    The asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR) was used to mediate drug carrier for hepatic targeted drug delivery, this article showed the enzyme-catalyzed esterification of galactose and vinyl stearate and a kind of ASGPR ligand-targeted which was used to insert the surface of liposome has been synthesized. The structure of product has been confirmed by TLC, ESI-MS and 1H NMR. The factors of types and quantity of enzyme, organic solvents, molar ratio of substrate, temperature and time of reaction have been studied. Results showed when using acetone as reaction medium, the quantity of Novozym 435 immobilized lipase was 30 mg mL(-1), molar ratio of galactose to vinyl stearate was 1:5, and reacted at 60 degrees C for 12 h, the transformation of vinyl stearate reached more than 70%. This study provides a novel and efficient route to the synthesis of ligand-targeted modifier.

  9. Synthesis, spectral, optical properties and theoretical calculations on schiff bases ligands containing o-tolidine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arroudj, S.; Bouchouit, M.; Bouchouit, K.; Bouraiou, A.; Messaadia, L.; Kulyk, B.; Figa, V.; Bouacida, S.; Sofiani, Z.; Taboukhat, S.

    2016-06-01

    This paper explores the synthesis, structure characterization and optical properties of two new schiff bases. These compounds were obtained by condensation of o-tolidine with salicylaldehyde and cinnamaldehyde. The obtained ligands were characterized by UV, 1H and NMR. Their third-order NLO properties were measured using the third harmonic generation technique on thin films at 1064 nm. The electric dipole moment (μ), the polarizability (α) and the first hyperpolarizability (β) were calculated using the density functional B3LYP method with the lanl2dz basis set. For the results, the title compound shows nonzero β value revealing second order NLO behaviour.

  10. Riboswitch structure: an internal residue mimicking the purine ligand

    PubMed Central

    Delfosse, Vanessa; Bouchard, Patricia; Bonneau, Eric; Dagenais, Pierre; Lemay, Jean-François; Lafontaine, Daniel A.; Legault, Pascale

    2010-01-01

    The adenine and guanine riboswitches regulate gene expression in response to their purine ligand. X-ray structures of the aptamer moiety of these riboswitches are characterized by a compact fold in which the ligand forms a Watson–Crick base pair with residue 65. Phylogenetic analyses revealed a strict restriction at position 39 of the aptamer that prevents the G39–C65 and A39–U65 combinations, and mutational studies indicate that aptamers with these sequence combinations are impaired for ligand binding. In order to investigate the rationale for sequence conservation at residue 39, structural characterization of the U65C mutant from Bacillus subtilis pbuE adenine riboswitch aptamer was undertaken. NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography studies demonstrate that the U65C mutant adopts a compact ligand-free structure, in which G39 occupies the ligand-binding site of purine riboswitch aptamers. These studies present a remarkable example of a mutant RNA aptamer that adopts a native-like fold by means of ligand mimicking and explain why this mutant is impaired for ligand binding. Furthermore, this work provides a specific insight into how the natural sequence has evolved through selection of nucleotide identities that contribute to formation of the ligand-bound state, but ensures that the ligand-free state remains in an active conformation. PMID:20022916

  11. Synthesis, structure, terahertz spectroscopy and luminescent properties of copper (I) complexes with bis(diphenylphosphino)methane and N-donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fan, Wei-Wei; Li, Zhong-Feng; Li, Jiao-Bao; Yang, Yu-Ping; Yuan, Yuan; Tang, Han-Qin; Gao, Ling-Xiao; Jin, Qiong-Hua; Zhang, Zhen-Wei; Zhang, Cun-Lin

    2015-11-01

    The reactions of copper(I) salts CuX [X = Cl, OTf (OTf = CF3SO3) and ClO4] and bis(diphenylphosphino)methane (dppm) with 4,4-bipyridine (4,4-bipy), 2,2-bipyridine (2,2-bipy), isoquinoline (i-C9H7N) and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) lead to five new copper(I) complexes: [CuCl(dppm)(i-C9H7N)]2 (1), {[CuCl(dppm)(phen)]2•5H2O}n (2), [Cu2Cl2(dppm)2(4,4-bipy)]•4CH3CN (3), [Cu(dppm)(2,2-bipy)]2(OTf)2 (4), {[Cu2Cl(dppm)2(4,4-bipy)](ClO4)}n (5). Complexes 1, 3 and 4 are of dinuclear structure with eight-membered Cu2P4C2 rings. The structure of compound 2 can be simplified as three-dimensional topology. Complex 5 is of infinite chain structure linked by 4,4-bipy. All these complexes are characterized by IR, elemental analyses, single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, luminescence, NMR and terahertz time-domain spectroscopy.

  12. Metal complexes of ONO donor Schiff base ligand as a new class of bioactive compounds; Synthesis, characterization and biological evolution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar Naik, K. H.; Selvaraj, S.; Naik, Nagaraja

    2014-10-01

    Present work reviews that, the synthesis of (E)-N";-((7-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-chromen-8-yl)methylene)benzohydrazide [L] ligand and their metal complexes. The colored complexes were prepared of type [M2+L]X2, where M2+ = Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Sr and Cd, L = (7-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-chromen-8-yl)methylene)benzohydrazide, X = Cl-. Ligand derived from the condensation of 8-formyl-7-hydroxy-4-methylcoumarin and benzohydrazide in the molar ratio 1:1 and in the molar ratio 1:2 for metal complexes have been prepared. The chelation of the ligand to metal ions occurs through the both oxygen groups, as well as the nitrogen atoms of the azomethine group of the ligand. Reactions of the Schiff base ligand with Manganese(II), Cobalt(II), Nickel(II), Copper(II), Strontium(II), and Cadmium(II) afforded the corresponding metal complexes. The structures of the obtained ligand and their respective metal complexes were elucidated by infra-red, elemental analysis, Double beam UV-visible spectra, conductometric measurements, magnetic susceptibility measurements and also thermochemical studies. The metal complex exhibits octahedral coordination geometrical arrangement. Schiff base ligand and their metal complexes were tested against antioxidants, antidiabetic and antimicrobial activities have been studied. The Schiff base metal complexes emerges effective α-glucosidase inhibitory activity than free Schiff base ligand.

  13. Metal complexes of ONO donor Schiff base ligand as a new class of bioactive compounds: synthesis, characterization and biological evolution.

    PubMed

    Kumar Naik, K H; Selvaraj, S; Naik, Nagaraja

    2014-10-15

    Present work reviews that, the synthesis of (E)-N'-((7-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-chromen-8-yl)methylene)benzohydrazide [L] ligand and their metal complexes. The colored complexes were prepared of type [M(2+)L]X2, where M(2+)=Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Sr and Cd, L=(7-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-chromen-8-yl)methylene)benzohydrazide, X=Cl(-). Ligand derived from the condensation of 8-formyl-7-hydroxy-4-methylcoumarin and benzohydrazide in the molar ratio 1:1 and in the molar ratio 1:2 for metal complexes have been prepared. The chelation of the ligand to metal ions occurs through the both oxygen groups, as well as the nitrogen atoms of the azomethine group of the ligand. Reactions of the Schiff base ligand with Manganese(II), Cobalt(II), Nickel(II), Copper(II), Strontium(II), and Cadmium(II) afforded the corresponding metal complexes. The structures of the obtained ligand and their respective metal complexes were elucidated by infra-red, elemental analysis, Double beam UV-visible spectra, conductometric measurements, magnetic susceptibility measurements and also thermochemical studies. The metal complex exhibits octahedral coordination geometrical arrangement. Schiff base ligand and their metal complexes were tested against antioxidants, antidiabetic and antimicrobial activities have been studied. The Schiff base metal complexes emerges effective α-glucosidase inhibitory activity than free Schiff base ligand.

  14. Synthesis, structure, and luminescence property of a series of Ag-Ln coordination polymers with the N-heterocyclic carboxylato ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin, Jing; Chen, Chong; Gao, Yan; Zhao, Ran; Wang, Xiuyan; Lü, Chunxin; Chi, Yuxian; Niu, Shuyun

    2016-03-01

    Six Ln-Ag coordination polymers {[LnAg2(IN)4(H2O)5]·NO3·2H2O}n (Ln=Ho (1) and Tb (2), HIN=isonicotinic acid), {[PrAg2(IN)4(H2O)2]·NO3·H2O}n (3), [LnAg(pdc)2]n (Ln=Eu(4) and Pr (5), H2pdc=3,4-pyridine-dicarboxylic acid) and [NdAg(bidc)2(H2O)4]n (6) (H2bidc=benzimidazole-5,6-dicarboxylic acid) have been hydrothermally synthesized and characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, elemental analysis, IR, UV-vis-NIR absorption spectra, fluorescence spectra and thermogravimetric analysis. Structural analyses reveal that the six polymers exhibit 0D (polymer (1)), 1D (polymer (2)), 2D (polymers (3) and (5)) and 3D (polymers (4) and (6)) infinite structures, respectively. Polymers (1)-(6) exhibit the Ln(III) characteristic emission in the near-infrared (NIR) region or in the visible region. Especially, the NIR emission bands of polymers 1, 5 and 6 evidently present shift or splitting due to formation of the Ln-Ag coordination polymers. This can be attributed to the tune of inner levels in Ln-Ag system caused by the interact and influence between the 4d orbital of the Ag(I) ion and the 4f orbital of the Ln(III) ion, which can be confirmed by the UV-vis-NIR absorption spectra of the polymers. In addition, the distortion of coordination geometry as well as difference of the coordination number around the Ag(I) ion affect the structure framework.

  15. Synthesis and structural characterization of silver(I), copper(I) coordination polymers and a helicate palladium(II) complex of dipyrrolylmethane-based dipyrazole ligands: the effect of meso substituents on structural formation.

    PubMed

    Guchhait, Tapas; Barua, Bhagyasree; Biswas, Aritra; Basak, Biswanath; Mani, Ganesan

    2015-05-21

    A new class of multidentate dipyrrolylmethane based ditopic tecton, 1,9-bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazolylmethyl)dipyrrolylmethane, containing diethyl (L1) or cyclohexylidene (L2) substituents at the meso carbon atom were readily synthesized in 28-45% yields in two different ways starting from dipyrrolylmethanes. A one dimensional coordination polymer structure ([(L2)Ag][BF4])n was obtained when L2 was treated with AgBF4, whereas the analogous reaction between L1 and AgBF4 afforded the dicationic binuclear metallacycle complex [(L1)2Ag2][BF4]2. In addition, yet another coordination polymeric structure [(L1)CuI]n was obtained from the reaction between L1 and CuI. The analogous reaction of L1 with [Pd(PhCN)2Cl2] afforded the binuclear palladium complex [(L1)2Pd2Cl4] having a double-stranded helicate structure. The observed structural differences are attributed to the effects of the substituents present at the meso carbon atom of the ligand, in addition to the nature of the metal centre, coordination number and the preferred geometry.

  16. Synthesis, vibrational spectroscopy and crystal structure of zinc and sodium tricarboxylate coordination polymers with the flexible ligand tricarballylate anion (TCA 3-)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, Patricia A. M.; Naso, Luciana G.; Echeverría, Gustavo A.; Ferrer, Evelina G.

    2010-08-01

    A new 3D coordination polymer of general formula [NaZn(C 6H 5O 6)(H 2O) 3] n has been hydrothermally synthesized and characterized by vibrational spectroscopy (Raman and Infrared), X-ray diffraction and thermal analysis. The compound crystallizes in the centrosymmetric monoclinic group C2/ c with a = 10.885(2), b = 13.219(3), c = 15.299(5) Å, β = 102.23(2)°, V = 2151(1) (Å 3), Z = 8. The crystal structure consists in an open framework where the arrangement of tetrahedral zinc and octahedral sodium cations, coordinated by water and carboxylate oxygens atoms, are linked by tricarballylate anions developing channels parallel to the [0 1-1] crystallographic direction. Thermogravimetric analysis indicates that the complex is thermally stable up to 200 °C.

  17. Monodentate coordination of N-[di(phenyl/ethyl)carbamothioyl]benzamide ligands: synthesis, crystal structure and catalytic oxidation property of Cu(I) complexes.

    PubMed

    Gunasekaran, Nanjappan; Ramesh, Pandian; Ponnuswamy, Mondikalipudur Nanjappa Gounder; Karvembu, Ramasamy

    2011-12-14

    New four-coordinated tetrahedral copper(I) complexes have been synthesized from the reactions between [CuCl(2)(PPh(3))(2)] and N-(diphenylcarbamothioyl)benzamide (HL1) or N-(diethylcarbamothioyl)benzamide (HL2) in benzene. These complexes have been characterized by elemental analyses, IR, UV/Vis, (1)H, (13)C and (31)P NMR spectroscopy. The molecular structure of both the complexes, [CuCl(HL1)(2)(PPh(3))] (1) and [CuCl(HL2)(PPh(3))(2)] (2) were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, which reveals distorted tetrahedral geometry around each Cu(I) ion. The combination of 2 (0.005 mmol) with hydrogen peroxide (2.5 mmol) in acetonitrile is found to be an active catalyst for the oxidation of primary and secondary alcohols (0.5 mmol) to their corresponding acids and ketones, respectively, at room temperature. PMID:21984488

  18. Solvothermal synthesis, structure and physical properties of Cs[Cr(en)2MSe4] (M = Ge, Sn) with [MSe4](4-) tetrahedra as chelating ligand.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yingqi; Wang, Ruiqi; Liu, Qinglong; Lai, Xiaofang; Zhang, Xian; Chen, Haijie; Zheng, Chong; Lin, Jianhua; Huang, Fuqiang

    2016-05-31

    Two chromium chalcogenide Cs[Cr(en)2GeSe4] () and Cs[Cr(en)2SnSe4] () have been synthesized by a solvothermal method. Both compounds crystallize in the monoclinic space group P21/n. The structures of the two compounds are characterized by isolated [Cr(en)2MSe4](-) clusters separated by Cs(+) ions. The optical properties of the two compounds were measured which indicate a similar band gap of 1.58 eV. DFT calculations demonstrated that the valance band maximum (VBM) consist of Cr 3d orbitals and Se 4p orbitals while the conductive band minimum (CBM) are composed of Cr 3d orbitals for both compounds, which explains their similar optical band gap energies. Both compounds possess paramagnetic behaviors with the effective magnetic moment of 3.97μB for Cs[Cr(en)2GeSe4] and 3.91μB for Cs[Cr(en)2SnSe4], respectively. Field-dependent magnetization measurements demonstrated their potential as magnetocaloric materials, with the magnetic entropy change of 11.6 J (kg K)(-1) for Cs[Cr(en)2GeSe4], and 14.2 J (kg K)(-1) for Cs[Cr(en)2SnSe4].

  19. Synthesis and Structural Characterization of Lithium and Titanium Complexes Bearing a Bulky Aryloxide Ligand Based on a Rigid Fused-Ring s-Hydrindacene Skeleton.

    PubMed

    Kanazawa, Shoya; Ohira, Taishi; Goda, Shun; Hayakawa, Naoki; Tanikawa, Tomoharu; Hashizume, Daisuke; Ishida, Yutaka; Kawaguchi, Hiroyuki; Matsuo, Tsukasa

    2016-07-01

    The bulky aryl alcohols, (Rind)OH (1) [Rind = EMind (a) and Eind (b)], based on the rigid fused-ring 1,1,3,3,5,5,7,7-octa-R-substituted s-hydrindacene skeleton were prepared by the reaction of (Rind)Li with nitrobenzene followed by protonation. The treatment of 1 with (n)BuLi affords the lithium aryloxide dimers [(Rind)OLi(THF)]2 (2) or trimers [(Rind)OLi]3 (3), depending on the employed solvents (THF = tetrahydrofuran). The salt metathesis reaction of [(EMind)OLi(THF)]2 (2a) with TiCl4(THF)2 leads to the formation of the mononuclear diamagnetic mono- and bis(aryloxide) Ti(IV) complexes, [(EMind)O]TiCl3(THF) (4a) and [(EMind)O]2TiCl2 (5a). We also isolated a trace amount of the tris(aryloxide) Ti(IV) complex, [(EMind)O]3TiCl (6a). The reaction between 2a and TiCl3(THF)3 resulted in the isolation of the mononuclear paramagnetic mono- and bis(aryloxide) Ti(III) complexes, [(EMind)O]TiCl2(THF)2 (7a) and [(EMind)O]2TiCl(THF)2 (8a). The discrete monomeric structures of the titanium complexes 4a, 5a, 6a, 7a, and 8a were determined by X-ray crystallography. PMID:27284975

  20. Organoactinide chemistry: synthesis, structure, and solution dynamics

    SciTech Connect

    Brennan, J.G.

    1985-12-01

    This thesis considers three aspects of organoactinide chemistry. In chapter one, a bidentate phosphine ligand was used to kinetically stabilize complexes of the type Cp/sub 2/MX/sub 2/. Ligand redistribution processes are present throughout the synthetic work, as has often been observed in uranium cyclopentadienyl chemistry. The effects of covalent M-L bonding on the solution and solid state properties of U(III) coordination complexes are considered. In particular, the nature of the more subtle interaction between the metal and the neutral ligand are examined. Using relative basicity data obtained in solution, and solid state structural data (and supplemented by gas phase photoelectron measurements), it is demonstrated that the more electron rich U(III) centers engage in significant U ..-->.. L ..pi..-donation. Trivalent uranium is shown to be capable of acting either as a one- or two-electron reducing agent toward a wide variety of unsaturated organic and inorganic molecules, generating molecular classes unobtainable via traditional synthetic approaches, as well as offering an alternative synthetic approach to molecules accessible via metathesis reactions. Ligand redistribution processes are again observed, but given the information concerning ligand lability, this reactivity pattern is applied to the synthesis of pure materials inaccessible from redox chemistry. 214 refs., 33 figs., 10 tabs.

  1. Scandium alkyl and amide complexes containing a cyclen-derived (NNNN) macrocyclic ligand: synthesis, structure and ring-opening polymerization activity toward lactide monomers.

    PubMed

    Buffet, Jean-Charles; Okuda, Jun

    2011-08-14

    Cyclic polyamine 1,4,7-trimethyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane, (Me(3)TACD)H (= Me(3)[12]aneN(4)), reacted with [K{N(SiHMe(2))(2)}] in benzene-d(6) to give [K{(Me(3)TACD)SiMe(2)N(SiHMe(2))}] (1) under hydrogen evolution. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction of 1 shows a dinuclear structure in the solid state, featuring a bridging μ-amido and a weak β-agostic Si-H bond. 1,7-Dimethyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane (Me(2)TACD)H(2) (= Me(2)[12]aneN(4)) and (Me(3)TACD)H were reacted with [Sc{N(SiHMe(2))(2)}(3)(thf)] in benzene-d(6) to give [{(Me(2)TACD)SiMe(2)N(SiHMe(2))}Sc{N(SiHMe(2))(2)}] (2) and [(Me(3)TACD)Sc{N(SiHMe(2))(2)}(2)SiMe(2)] (3), respectively. Both compounds are monomeric in solution and X-ray diffraction studies showed the scandium metal centers to be six-coordinate. The scandium alkyl complex [Sc(Me(3)TACD)(CH(2)SiMe(3))(2)] (4) was obtained by reacting (Me(3)TACD)H with [Sc(CH(2)SiMe(3))(3)(thf)] in benzene-d(6). The scandium amide complexes 2 and 3 catalyzed the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of meso-lactide to give syndiotactic polylactides.

  2. Easy oxidative addition of the carbon-halogen bond by dimethylplatinum(II) complexes containing a related series of diimine ligands: Synthesis, spectral characterization and crystal structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Momeni, Badri Z.; Fathi, Nastaran; Mohagheghi, Arezoo

    2015-01-01

    Dimethylplatinum(II) complexes [PtMe2(NN)] {NN = 4,4‧-Me2bpy (4,4‧-dimethyl-2,2‧-bipyridine); 5,5‧-Me2bpy (5,5‧-dimethyl-2,2‧-bipyridine)} were reacted with alkyl halides (RX = EtI, EtBr) to yield the organoplatinum(IV) complexes [PtMe2RX(NN)]. On the basis of NMR data, the platinum(IV) product of each reaction contains almost exclusively the trans isomer but small traces of the cis isomers are also observed. On the other hand, the reaction of [PtMe2(NN)] {NN = bu2bpy (4,4‧-di-tert-butyl-2,2‧-bipyridine); 4,4‧-Me2bpy; 5,5‧-Me2bpy} with CH2Br2 gave a mixture of cis and trans-[PtMe2(CH2Br)Br(NN)] formed by the oxidative addition of one of the C-Br bonds. The formation of the cis isomer increases in the order of 5,5‧-Me2bpy > bu2bpy > 4,4‧-Me2bpy. The reaction of [PtMe2(NN)] {NN = bpy (2,2‧-bipyridine), phen (1,10-phenanthroline)} with 1,8-dibromooctane or 1,9-dibromononane afforded the mononuclear complexes [PtMe2{(CH2)nBr}Br(NN)] (n = 8-9). The products were fully characterized by elemental analysis, 1H, 13C, HH COSY, HMQC, DEPT and DEPTQ-135 NMR spectroscopy. The crystal structure of [PtMe2EtI(4,4‧-Me2bpy)] reveals that Pt(IV) atom is six-coordinated in a slightly distorted octahedral geometry with the ethyl group trans to iodide.

  3. Heteropentanuclear Oxalato-Bridged nd–4f (n=4, 5) Metal Complexes with NO Ligand: Synthesis, Crystal Structures, Aqueous Stability and Antiproliferative Activity

    PubMed Central

    Kuhn, Paul-Steffen; Cremer, Laura; Gavriluta, Anatolie; Jovanović, Katarina K; Filipović, Lana; Hummer, Alfred A; Büchel, Gabriel E; Dojčinović, Biljana P; Meier, Samuel M; Rompel, Annette; Radulović, Siniša; Tommasino, Jean Bernard; Luneau, Dominique; Arion, Vladimir B

    2015-01-01

    A series of heteropentanuclear oxalate-bridged Ru(NO)-Ln (4d–4f) metal complexes of the general formula (nBu4N)5[Ln{RuCl3(μ-ox)(NO)}4], where Ln=Y (2), Gd (3), Tb (4), Dy (5) and ox=oxalate anion, were obtained by treatment of (nBu4N)2[RuCl3(ox)(NO)] (1) with the respective lanthanide salt in 4:1 molar ratio. The compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry, while 1, 2, and 5 were in addition analyzed by X-ray crystallography, 1 by Ru K-edge XAS and 1 and 2 by 13C NMR spectroscopy. X-ray diffraction showed that in 2 and 5 four complex anions [RuCl3(ox)(NO)]2− are coordinated to YIII and DyIII, respectively, with formation of [Ln{RuCl3(μ-ox)(NO)}4]5− (Ln=Y, Dy). While YIII is eight-coordinate in 2, DyIII is nine-coordinate in 5, with an additional coordination of an EtOH molecule. The negative charge is counterbalanced by five nBu4N+ ions present in the crystal structure. The stability of complexes 2 and 5 in aqueous medium was monitored by UV/Vis spectroscopy. The antiproliferative activity of ruthenium-lanthanide complexes 2–5 were assayed in two human cancer cell lines (HeLa and A549) and in a noncancerous cell line (MRC-5) and compared with those obtained for the previously reported Os(NO)-Ln (5d–4f) analogues (nBu4N)5[Ln{OsCl3(ox)(NO)}4] (Ln=Y (6), Gd (7), Tb (8), Dy (9)). Complexes 2–5 were found to be slightly more active than 1 in inhibiting the proliferation of HeLa and A549 cells, and significantly more cytotoxic than 5d–4f metal complexes 6–9 in terms of IC50 values. The highest antiproliferative activity with IC50 values of 20.0 and 22.4 μM was found for 4 in HeLa and A549 cell lines, respectively. These cytotoxicity results are in accord with the presented ICP-MS data, indicating five- to eightfold greater accumulation of ruthenium versus osmium in human A549 cancer cells. PMID:26260662

  4. Heteropentanuclear Oxalato-Bridged nd-4f (n=4, 5) Metal Complexes with NO Ligand: Synthesis, Crystal Structures, Aqueous Stability and Antiproliferative Activity.

    PubMed

    Kuhn, Paul-Steffen; Cremer, Laura; Gavriluta, Anatolie; Jovanović, Katarina K; Filipović, Lana; Hummer, Alfred A; Büchel, Gabriel E; Dojčinović, Biljana P; Meier, Samuel M; Rompel, Annette; Radulović, Siniša; Tommasino, Jean Bernard; Luneau, Dominique; Arion, Vladimir B

    2015-09-21

    A series of heteropentanuclear oxalate-bridged Ru(NO)-Ln (4d-4f) metal complexes of the general formula (nBu4N)5[Ln{RuCl3(μ-ox)(NO)}4], where Ln=Y (2), Gd (3), Tb (4), Dy (5) and ox=oxalate anion, were obtained by treatment of (nBu4N)2[RuCl3(ox)(NO)] (1) with the respective lanthanide salt in 4:1 molar ratio. The compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry, while 1, 2, and 5 were in addition analyzed by X-ray crystallography, 1 by Ru K-edge XAS and 1 and 2 by (13)C NMR spectroscopy. X-ray diffraction showed that in 2 and 5 four complex anions [RuCl3(ox)(NO)](2-) are coordinated to Y(III) and Dy(III), respectively, with formation of [Ln{RuCl3(μ-ox)(NO)}4](5-) (Ln=Y, Dy). While Y(III) is eight-coordinate in 2, Dy(III) is nine-coordinate in 5, with an additional coordination of an EtOH molecule. The negative charge is counterbalanced by five nBu4N(+) ions present in the crystal structure. The stability of complexes 2 and 5 in aqueous medium was monitored by UV/Vis spectroscopy. The antiproliferative activity of ruthenium-lanthanide complexes 2-5 were assayed in two human cancer cell lines (HeLa and A549) and in a noncancerous cell line (MRC-5) and compared with those obtained for the previously reported Os(NO)-Ln (5d-4f) analogues (nBu4N)5[Ln{OsCl3(ox)(NO)}4] (Ln=Y (6), Gd (7), Tb (8), Dy (9)). Complexes 2-5 were found to be slightly more active than 1 in inhibiting the proliferation of HeLa and A549 cells, and significantly more cytotoxic than 5d-4f metal complexes 6-9 in terms of IC50 values. The highest antiproliferative activity with IC50 values of 20.0 and 22.4 μM was found for 4 in HeLa and A549 cell lines, respectively. These cytotoxicity results are in accord with the presented ICP-MS data, indicating five- to eightfold greater accumulation of ruthenium versus osmium in human A549 cancer cells.

  5. Synthesis, structure, and solution reduction reactions of volatile and thermally stable mid to late first row transition metal complexes containing hydrazonate ligands.

    PubMed

    Kalutarage, Lakmal C; Martin, Philip D; Heeg, Mary Jane; Winter, Charles H

    2013-05-01

    Treatment of MCl2 (M = Ni, Co, Fe, Mn, Cr) with 2 equiv of the hydrazonate salts K(tBuNNCHCtBuO), K(tBuNNCHCiPrO), or K(tBuNNCMeCMeO) afforded the complexes M(tBuNNCHCtBuO)2 (M = Ni, 65%; Co, 80%; Fe, 83%; Mn, 68%; Cr, 64%), M(tBuNNCHCiPrO)2 (M = Ni, 63%; Co, 86%; Fe, 75%), and M(tBuNNCMeCMeO)2 (M = Ni, 34%; Co, 29%; Fe, 27%). Crystal structure determinations of Co(tBuNNCHCtBuO)2, M(tBuNNCHCiPrO)2 (M = Ni, Co), and M(tBuNNCMeCMeO)2 (M = Ni, Co, Fe) revealed monomeric complexes with tetrahedral geometries about the metal centers. To evaluate the potential of these new complexes as film growth precursors, preparative sublimations, thermogravimetric analyses, solid state decomposition studies, and solution reactions with reducing coreagents were carried out. M(tBuNNCHCtBuO)2 sublime between 120 and 135 °C at 0.05 Torr, whereas M(tBuNNCHCiPrO)2 and M(tBuNNCMeCMeO)2 sublime between 100 and 105 °C at the same pressure. All complexes afforded ≥96% recovery of sublimed material, with ≤3% of nonvolatile residues. The solid state decomposition temperatures were highest for M(tBuNNCHCiPrO)2 (273-308 °C), intermediate for M(tBuNNCHCtBuO)2 (241-278 °C), and lowest for M(tBuNNCMeCMeO)2 (235-250 °C). Treatment of Co(tBuNNCHCtBuO)2 in tetrahydrofuran with hydrazine, BH3(L) (L = NHMe2, SMe2, THF), pinacol borane, and LiAlH4 led to rapid formation of cobalt metal, while analogous reductions of Mn(tBuNNCHCtBuO)2 with BH3(THF), pinacol borane, and LiAlH4 appeared to afford manganese metal. The new complexes M(tBuNNCHCtBuO)2, M(tBuNNCHCiPrO)2, and M(tBuNNCMeCMeO)2 have very promising properties for use as precursors for the growth of the respective metals in atomic layer deposition film growth processes.

  6. Heteropentanuclear Oxalato-Bridged nd-4f (n=4, 5) Metal Complexes with NO Ligand: Synthesis, Crystal Structures, Aqueous Stability and Antiproliferative Activity.

    PubMed

    Kuhn, Paul-Steffen; Cremer, Laura; Gavriluta, Anatolie; Jovanović, Katarina K; Filipović, Lana; Hummer, Alfred A; Büchel, Gabriel E; Dojčinović, Biljana P; Meier, Samuel M; Rompel, Annette; Radulović, Siniša; Tommasino, Jean Bernard; Luneau, Dominique; Arion, Vladimir B

    2015-09-21

    A series of heteropentanuclear oxalate-bridged Ru(NO)-Ln (4d-4f) metal complexes of the general formula (nBu4N)5[Ln{RuCl3(μ-ox)(NO)}4], where Ln=Y (2), Gd (3), Tb (4), Dy (5) and ox=oxalate anion, were obtained by treatment of (nBu4N)2[RuCl3(ox)(NO)] (1) with the respective lanthanide salt in 4:1 molar ratio. The compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry, while 1, 2, and 5 were in addition analyzed by X-ray crystallography, 1 by Ru K-edge XAS and 1 and 2 by (13)C NMR spectroscopy. X-ray diffraction showed that in 2 and 5 four complex anions [RuCl3(ox)(NO)](2-) are coordinated to Y(III) and Dy(III), respectively, with formation of [Ln{RuCl3(μ-ox)(NO)}4](5-) (Ln=Y, Dy). While Y(III) is eight-coordinate in 2, Dy(III) is nine-coordinate in 5, with an additional coordination of an EtOH molecule. The negative charge is counterbalanced by five nBu4N(+) ions present in the crystal structure. The stability of complexes 2 and 5 in aqueous medium was monitored by UV/Vis spectroscopy. The antiproliferative activity of ruthenium-lanthanide complexes 2-5 were assayed in two human cancer cell lines (HeLa and A549) and in a noncancerous cell line (MRC-5) and compared with those obtained for the previously reported Os(NO)-Ln (5d-4f) analogues (nBu4N)5[Ln{OsCl3(ox)(NO)}4] (Ln=Y (6), Gd (7), Tb (8), Dy (9)). Complexes 2-5 were found to be slightly more active than 1 in inhibiting the proliferation of HeLa and A549 cells, and significantly more cytotoxic than 5d-4f metal complexes 6-9 in terms of IC50 values. The highest antiproliferative activity with IC50 values of 20.0 and 22.4 μM was found for 4 in HeLa and A549 cell lines, respectively. These cytotoxicity results are in accord with the presented ICP-MS data, indicating five- to eightfold greater accumulation of ruthenium versus osmium in human A549 cancer cells. PMID:26260662

  7. Synthesis and crystal structure of a novel Mn(II) coordination polymer with 3-(4-(1H-benzo[d]imidazol-1-yl)-4-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenylprop-2-en-1-one ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, G.-F.; Zhang, X.; Sun, S.-W. Han, Q.-P.; Yang, X.; Li, H.; Ma, H.-X.; Yao, C.-Z.; Sun, H.; Dong, H.-B.

    2015-12-15

    3-(4-(1H-Benzo[d]imidazol-1-yl)-4-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenylprop-2-en-1-one (L{sup 1}, 1) and its Mn(II) complex, [Mn(L{sup 1}){sub 2}(SCN){sub 2}]{sub ∞} (2), were synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, IR spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The Mn(II) ion in 2 is six-coordinated to four nitrogen atoms of two L{sup 1} ligands, two SCN-ligands, and two oxygen atoms of other two L{sup 1} ligands to form a distorted octahedral geometry. Therefore, each L{sup 1} links Mn ions through the O and N atoms to generate 2D sheet structure.

  8. Synthesis, characterization and X-ray crystal structures of Vanadium(IV), Cobalt(III), Copper(II) and Zinc(II) complexes derived from an asymmetric bidentate Schiff-base ligand at ambient temperature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khorshidifard, Mahsa; Amiri Rudbari, Hadi; Kazemi-Delikani, Zahra; Mirkhani, Valiollah; Azadbakht, Reza

    2015-02-01

    An asymmetric bidentate Schiff-base ligand (HL: 2-((allylimino)methyl)phenol) was prepared from reaction of salicylaldehyde and Allylamine. Vanadium(IV), Cobalt(III), Copper(II) and Zinc(II) complexes, VOL2, CoL3, CuL2 and ZnL2 were synthesized from the reaction of VO(acac)2, CoCl2·6H2O, CuCl2·2H2O and Zn(NO3)2·6H2O with the bidentate Schiff base ligand (HL: 2-allyliminomethyl-phenol) in methanol at ambient temperature. The ligand and its metal complexes were characterized by elemental analysis (CHN), FT-IR spectroscopy. In addition, 1H and 13C NMR techniques were employed for characterization of the ligand (HL) and diamagnetic complex ZnL2. The molecular structures of all complexes were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction technique. In the ZnL2 and CuL2 complexes, the metal ion is coordinated by two nitrogen and two oxygen atoms from two Schiff base ligands in an approximately square planar trans-[MN2O2] coordination geometry. In the Vanadium(IV) complex, VOL2, the vanadium center in this structure has a distorted tetragonal pyramidal N2O3 coordination sphere and for Cobalt(III) complex, CoL3, the CoIII ion is six coordinated by three bidentate Schiff base ligands in a distorted octahedral environment.

  9. Hydrothermal reactions: From the synthesis of ligand to new lanthanide 3D-coordination polymers

    SciTech Connect

    Silva, Fausthon Fred da; Fernandes de Oliveira, Carlos Alberto; Lago Falcão, Eduardo Henrique; Gatto, Claudia Cristina; Bezerra da Costa, Nivan; Oliveira Freire, Ricardo; Chojnacki, Jarosław; Alves Júnior, Severino

    2013-11-15

    The organic ligand 2,5-piperazinedione-1,4-diacetic acid (H{sub 2}PDA) was synthesized under hydrothermal conditions starting from the iminodiacetic acid and catalyzed by oxalic acid. The X-ray powder diffraction data indicates that the compound crystallizes in the P2{sub 1}/c monoclinic system as reported in the literature. The ligand was also characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic nuclear resonance, infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. Two new coordination networks based on lanthanide ions were obtained with this ligand using hydrothermal reaction. In addition to single-crystal X-ray diffraction, the compounds were characterized by infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy and elemental analysis. Single-crystal XRD showed that the compounds are isostructural, crystallizing in P2{sub 1}/n monoclinic system with chemical formula [Ln(PDA){sub 1.5}(H{sub 2}O)](H{sub 2}O){sub 3} (Ln=Gd{sup 3+}(1) and Eu{sup 3+}(2)).The luminescence properties of both compounds were studied. In the compound (1), a broad emission band was observed at 479 nm, redshifted by 70 nm in comparison of the free ligand. In (2), the typical f–f transition was observed with a maximum peak at 618 nm, related with the red emission of the europium ions. Computational methods were performed to simulate the crystal structure of (2). The theoretical calculations of the intensity parameters are in good agreement with the experimental values. - Graphical abstract: Scheme of obtaining the ligand 2,5-piperazinedione-1,4-diacetic acid (H{sub 2}PDA) and two new isostructural 3D-coordination polymers [Ln(PDA){sub 1.5}(H{sub 2}O)](H{sub 2}O){sub 3} (Ln=Gd{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+}) by hydrothermal synthesis. Display Omitted - Highlights: • The ligand 2,5-piperazinedione-1,4-diacetic acid was synthetized using the hydrothermic method and characterized. • Two new 3D-coordination polymers with this ligand containing Gd{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+} ions

  10. Synthesis and Characterization of a Tetrapodal NO4(4-) Ligand and Its Transition Metal Complexes.

    PubMed

    Axelson, Jordan C; Gonzalez, Miguel I; Meihaus, Katie R; Chang, Christopher J; Long, Jeffrey R

    2016-08-01

    We present the synthesis and characterization of alkali metal salts of the new tetraanionic, tetrapodal ligand 2,2'-(pyridine-2,6-diyl)bis(2-methylmalonate) (A4[PY(CO2)4], A = Li(+), Na(+), K(+), and Cs(+)), via deprotection of the neutral tetrapodal ligand tetraethyl 2,2'-(pyridine-2,6-diyl)bis(2-methylmalonate) (PY(CO2Et)4). The [PY(CO2)4](4-) ligand is composed of an axial pyridine and four equatorial carboxylate groups and must be kept at or below 0 °C to prevent decomposition. Exposing it to a number of divalent first-row transition metals cleanly forms complexes to give the series K2[(PY(CO2)4)M(H2O)] (M = Mn(2+), Fe(2+), Co(2+), Ni(2+), Zn(2+)). The metal complexes were comprehensively characterized via single-crystal X-ray diffraction, (1)H NMR and UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, and cyclic voltammetry. Crystal structures reveal that [PY(CO2)4](4-) coordinates in a pentadentate fashion to allow for a nearly ideal octahedral coordination geometry upon binding an exogenous water ligand. Additionally, depending on the nature of the charge-balancing countercation (Li(+), Na(+), or K(+)), the [(PY(CO2)4)M(H2O)](2-) complexes can assemble in the solid state to form one-dimensional channels filled with water molecules. Aqueous electrochemistry performed on [(PY(CO2)4)M(H2O)](2-) suggested accessible trivalent oxidation states for the Fe, Co, and Ni complexes, and the trivalent Co(3+) species [(PY(CO2)4)Co(OH)](2-) could be isolated via chemical oxidation. The successful synthesis of the [PY(CO2)4](4-) ligand and its transition metal complexes illustrates the still-untapped versatility within the tetrapodal ligand family, which may yet hold promise for the isolation of more reactive and higher-valent metal complexes. PMID:27404805

  11. Identification of ligand templates using local structure alignment for structure-based drug design.

    PubMed

    Lee, Hui Sun; Im, Wonpil

    2012-10-22

    With a rapid increase in the number of high-resolution protein-ligand structures, the known protein-ligand structures can be used to gain insight into ligand-binding modes in a target protein. On the basis of the fact that the structurally similar binding sites share information about their ligands, we have developed a local structure alignment tool, G-LoSA (graph-based local structure alignment). The known protein-ligand binding-site structure library is searched by G-LoSA to detect binding-site structures with similar geometry and physicochemical properties to a query binding-site structure regardless of sequence continuity and protein fold. Then, the ligands in the identified complexes are used as templates (i.e., template ligands) to predict/design a ligand for the target protein. The performance of G-LoSA is validated against 76 benchmark targets from the Astex diverse set. Using the currently available protein-ligand structure library, G-LoSA is able to identify a single template ligand (from a nonhomologous protein complex) that is highly similar to the target ligand in more than half of the benchmark targets. In addition, our benchmark analyses show that an assembly of structural fragments from multiple template ligands with partial similarity to the target ligand can be used to design novel ligand structures specific to the target protein. This study clearly indicates that a template-based ligand modeling has potential for de novo ligand design and can be a complementary approach to the receptor structure based methods.

  12. Simple phosphinate ligands access zinc clusters identified in the synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pike, Sebastian D.; White, Edward R.; Shaffer, Milo S. P.; Williams, Charlotte K.

    2016-10-01

    The bottom-up synthesis of ligand-stabilized functional nanoparticles from molecular precursors is widely applied but is difficult to study mechanistically. Here we use 31P NMR spectroscopy to follow the trajectory of phosphinate ligands during the synthesis of a range of ligated zinc oxo clusters, containing 4, 6 and 11 zinc atoms. Using an organometallic route, the clusters interconvert rapidly and self-assemble in solution based on thermodynamic equilibria rather than nucleation kinetics. These clusters are also identified in situ during the synthesis of phosphinate-capped zinc oxide nanoparticles. Unexpectedly, the ligand is sequestered to a stable Zn11 cluster during the majority of the synthesis and only becomes coordinated to the nanoparticle surface, in the final step. In addition to a versatile and accessible route to (optionally doped) zinc clusters, the findings provide an understanding of the role of well-defined molecular precursors during the synthesis of small (2-4 nm) nanoparticles.

  13. Synthesis, structural characterization, antibacterial activity and computational studies of new cobalt (II) complexes with 1,1,3,3-tetrakis (3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl)propane ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beheshti, Azizolla; Safaeiyan, Forough; Hashemi, Faeze; Motamedi, Hossein; Mayer, Peter; Bruno, Giuseppe; Rudbari, Hadi Amiri

    2016-11-01

    Two new mono- and dinuclear Co(II) complexes namely [Co(tdmpp)Cl2]2·H2O (1) and [Co2(tdmpp)Cl4] (2) (where tdmpp = 1,1,3,3-tetrakis(3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl)propane) were prepared by one-pot reactions in methanol as a solvent. These compounds have been characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, elemental analysis, infrared spectroscopy, antibacterial activity and computational studies. In both complexes, Co (II) atom is tetrahedrally coordinated by two N atoms from one of the chelating bidentate bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazolyl)methane units of the tdmpp ligand and two Cl as terminal ligands. In these structures, the neighboring [Co(tdmpp)Cl2]2·H2O (1) and [Co2(tdmpp)Cl4] (2) molecules are joined together by the intermolecular Csbnd H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds to form a 1D chain structure. As a consequence of the intermolecular Csbnd H⋯π interactions these chains are further linked to generate a two-dimensional non-covalent bonded structure. The in vitro antibacterial activity studies of the free tdmpp ligand, compounds 1 and 2 show that the ability of these compounds to inhibit growth of the tested bacteria increase progressively from tdmpp to the dinuclear complex 2. Molecular-docking investigations between the five standard antibiotic, free tdmpp ligand, title complexes and five biological macromolecule enzymes (receptors) were carried out from using Autodock vina function. The results of docking studies confirmed that the metal complexes are more active than the free ligand. This is consistent with the results obtained by the antibacterial activities of these compounds.

  14. Synthesis and in vitro evaluation of α-synuclein ligands

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Lihai; Cui, Jinquan; Padakanti, Prashanth K.; Engel, Laura; Bagchi, Devika P.; Kotzbauer, Paul T.; Tu, Zhude

    2012-01-01

    Accumulation of misfolded α-synuclein in Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites is the pathological hallmark of Parkinson’s Disease (PD). To identify ligands having high binding potency toward aggregated α-synuclein, we synthesized a series of phenothiazine derivatives and assessed their binding affinity to recombinant α-synuclein fibrils using a fluorescent thioflavin T competition assay. Among 16 new analogues, the in vitro data suggest that compound 11b has high affinity to α-synuclein fibrils (Ki = 32.10 ± 1.25 nM) and compounds 11d, 16a and 16b have moderate affinity to α-synuclein fibrils (Ki ≈ 50 to 100 nM). Further optimization of the structure of these analogues may yield compounds with high affinity and selectivity for aggregated α-synuclein. PMID:22789706

  15. Synthesis of ligand-free CZTS nanoparticles via a facile hot injection route

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mirbagheri, N.; Engberg, S.; Crovetto, A.; Simonsen, S. B.; Hansen, O.; Lam, Y. M.; Schou, J.

    2016-05-01

    Single-phase, ligand-free Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanoparticles that can be dispersed in polar solvents are desirable for thin film solar cell fabrication, since water can be used as the solvent for the nanoparticle ink. In this work, ligand-free nanoparticles were synthesized using a simple hot injection method and the precursor concentration in the reaction medium was tuned to control the final product. The as-synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using various techniques, and were found to have a near-stoichiometric composition and a phase-pure kesterite crystal structure. No secondary phases were detected with Raman spectroscopy or scanning transmission electron microscopy energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. Furthermore, high resolution transmission electron microscopy showed large-sized nanoparticles with an average diameter of 23 nm ± 11 nm. This approach avoids all organic materials and toxic solvents that otherwise could hinder grain growth and limit the deposition techniques. In addition the synthesis route presented here results in nanoparticles of a large size compared to other ligand-free CZTS nanoparticles, due to the high boiling point of the solvents selected. Large particle size in CZTS nanoparticle solar cells may lead to a promising device performance. The results obtained demonstrate the suitability of the synthesized nanoparticles for application in low cost thin film solar cells.

  16. Synthesis of ligand-free CZTS nanoparticles via a facile hot injection route.

    PubMed

    Mirbagheri, N; Engberg, S; Crovetto, A; Simonsen, S B; Hansen, O; Lam, Y M; Schou, J

    2016-05-01

    Single-phase, ligand-free Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanoparticles that can be dispersed in polar solvents are desirable for thin film solar cell fabrication, since water can be used as the solvent for the nanoparticle ink. In this work, ligand-free nanoparticles were synthesized using a simple hot injection method and the precursor concentration in the reaction medium was tuned to control the final product. The as-synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using various techniques, and were found to have a near-stoichiometric composition and a phase-pure kesterite crystal structure. No secondary phases were detected with Raman spectroscopy or scanning transmission electron microscopy energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. Furthermore, high resolution transmission electron microscopy showed large-sized nanoparticles with an average diameter of 23 nm ± 11 nm. This approach avoids all organic materials and toxic solvents that otherwise could hinder grain growth and limit the deposition techniques. In addition the synthesis route presented here results in nanoparticles of a large size compared to other ligand-free CZTS nanoparticles, due to the high boiling point of the solvents selected. Large particle size in CZTS nanoparticle solar cells may lead to a promising device performance. The results obtained demonstrate the suitability of the synthesized nanoparticles for application in low cost thin film solar cells. PMID:27005863

  17. Synthesis and characterisation of a novel mixed donor P,O,P' nixantphos ligand and its metal complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marimuthu, Thashree; Bala, Muhammad D.; Friedrich, Holger B.

    2016-02-01

    The complex [(NixC8OH)Ir(cod)Cl] 4 has been synthesized and structurally characterized by NMR, IR and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The synthesis and characterisation of the novel ligand NixC8OH is also presented. The coordination around Ir is trigonal bipyramidal with both P groups of the NixC8OH ligand bound in a bis-equatorial mode. The bis-chelating cod (C8H12) ligand occupies the remaining equatorial position and an axial position. This mode of bonding has resulted in a large bite angle (P1-Ir-P2) of 102.92(12)° for the title complex 4. The IR and NMR data further support the elucidated structure. Thermal analyses of 4 indicate that it is thermally stable up to a decomposition temperature of >400 °C.

  18. Synthesis and characterisation of a novel mixed donor P,O,P' nixantphos ligand and its metal complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marimuthu, Thashree; Bala, Muhammad D.; Friedrich, Holger B.

    2016-02-01

    The complex [(NixC8OH)Ir(cod)Cl] 4 has been synthesized and structurally characterized by NMR, IR and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The synthesis and characterisation of the novel ligand NixC8OH is also presented. The coordination around Ir is trigonal bipyramidal with both P groups of the NixC8OH ligand bound in a bis-equatorial mode. The bis-chelating cod (C8H12) ligand occupies the remaining equatorial position and an axial position. This mode of bonding has resulted in a large bite angle (P1-Ir-P2) of 102.92(12)° for the title complex 4. The IR and NMR data further support the elucidated structure. Thermal analyses of 4 indicate that it is thermally stable up to a decomposition temperature of >400 °C.

  19. KLIFS: a structural kinase-ligand interaction database

    PubMed Central

    Kooistra, Albert J.; Kanev, Georgi K.; van Linden, Oscar P.J.; Leurs, Rob; de Esch, Iwan J.P.; de Graaf, Chris

    2016-01-01

    Protein kinases play a crucial role in cell signaling and are important drug targets in several therapeutic areas. The KLIFS database contains detailed structural kinase-ligand interaction information derived from all (>2900) structures of catalytic domains of human and mouse protein kinases deposited in the Protein Data Bank in order to provide insights into the structural determinants of kinase-ligand binding and selectivity. The kinase structures have been processed in a consistent manner by systematically analyzing the structural features and molecular interaction fingerprints (IFPs) of a predefined set of 85 binding site residues with bound ligands. KLIFS has been completely rebuilt and extended (>65% more structures) since its first release as a data set, including: novel automated annotation methods for (i) the assessment of ligand-targeted subpockets and the analysis of (ii) DFG and (iii) αC-helix conformations; improved and automated protocols for (iv) the generation of sequence/structure alignments, (v) the curation of ligand atom and bond typing for accurate IFP analysis and (vi) weekly database updates. KLIFS is now accessible via a website (http://klifs.vu-compmedchem.nl) that provides a comprehensive visual presentation of different types of chemical, biological and structural chemogenomics data, and allows the user to easily access, compare, search and download the data. PMID:26496949

  20. Ligand Effects on Synthesis and Post-Synthetic Stability of PbSe Nanocrystals

    SciTech Connect

    Dai, Quanqin; Zhang, Yu; Wang, Yingnan; Hu, Michael Z.

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports the effect of ligands including oleic acid (OA), trioctylphosphine (TOP), and tributylphosphine (TBP) on the PbSe nanocrystal growth during synthesis, as well as the effect of OA ligands on the nanocrystal stability after synthesis. These ligands play important roles in the nucleation and growth mechanism of nanocrystals. We have discovered that the ligand effect on the growth of PbSe nanocrystals can differ from that on the mostly studied CdSe nanocrystals. Also, we present a method for producing relatively smaller and more monodisperse PbSe nanocrystals based on our new understanding that the use of TBP, instead of the generally reported TOP, can slow down the growth of PbSe nanocrystals. In addition, our postsynthetic investigation of OA ligand effects demonstrate the dominant desorption of OA-bonded Pb atoms, causing the shrinkage of PbSe nanocrystals. This provides some insight into stabilization strategies for labile PbSe nanocrystals.

  1. Control Augmented Structural Synthesis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lust, Robert V.; Schmit, Lucien A.

    1988-01-01

    A methodology for control augmented structural synthesis is proposed for a class of structures which can be modeled as an assemblage of frame and/or truss elements. It is assumed that both the plant (structure) and the active control system dynamics can be adequately represented with a linear model. The structural sizing variables, active control system feedback gains and nonstructural lumped masses are treated simultaneously as independent design variables. Design constraints are imposed on static and dynamic displacements, static stresses, actuator forces and natural frequencies to ensure acceptable system behavior. Multiple static and dynamic loading conditions are considered. Side constraints imposed on the design variables protect against the generation of unrealizable designs. While the proposed approach is fundamentally more general, here the methodology is developed and demonstrated for the case where: (1) the dynamic loading is harmonic and thus the steady state response is of primary interest; (2) direct output feedback is used for the control system model; and (3) the actuators and sensors are collocated.

  2. New N^C^N-coordinated Pd(ii) and Pt(ii) complexes of a tridentate N-heterocyclic carbene ligand featuring a 6-membered central ring: synthesis, structures and luminescence.

    PubMed

    Moussa, Jamal; Haddouche, Kamel; Chamoreau, Lise-Marie; Amouri, Hani; Gareth Williams, J A

    2016-08-01

    We describe Pd(ii) and Pt(ii) complexes of an N^C^N-coordinating pincer-like ligand featuring two lateral pyridine rings and a 6-membered carbene core. Their crystal structures display 1-dimensional chains with short π-π and M(ii)M(ii) interactions. Such interactions also impact on the photophysical properties, with the Pt(ii) complex being luminescent in the solid state at room temperature. PMID:27465432

  3. PSCDB: a database for protein structural change upon ligand binding.

    PubMed

    Amemiya, Takayuki; Koike, Ryotaro; Kidera, Akinori; Ota, Motonori

    2012-01-01

    Proteins are flexible molecules that undergo structural changes to function. The Protein Data Bank contains multiple entries for identical proteins determined under different conditions, e.g. with and without a ligand molecule, which provides important information for understanding the structural changes related to protein functions. We gathered 839 protein structural pairs of ligand-free and ligand-bound states from monomeric or homo-dimeric proteins, and constructed the Protein Structural Change DataBase (PSCDB). In the database, we focused on whether the motions were coupled with ligand binding. As a result, the protein structural changes were classified into seven classes, i.e. coupled domain motion (59 structural changes), independent domain motion (70), coupled local motion (125), independent local motion (135), burying ligand motion (104), no significant motion (311) and other type motion (35). PSCDB provides lists of each class. On each entry page, users can view detailed information about the motion, accompanied by a morphing animation of the structural changes. PSCDB is available at http://idp1.force.cs.is.nagoya-u.ac.jp/pscdb/. PMID:22080505

  4. Microchemical synthesis of the serotonin receptor ligand, /sup 125/I-LSD

    SciTech Connect

    Hartig, P.R.; Krohn, A.M.; Hirschman, S.A.

    1985-02-01

    The synthesis and properties of 2-(/sup 125/I)-lysergic acid diethylamide, the first /sup 125/I-labeled serotonin receptor ligand, are described. A novel microsynthesis apparatus was developed for this synthesis. The apparatus employs a micromanipulator and glass micro tools to handle microliter to nanoliter volumes on a microscope stage. This apparatus should be generally useful for the synthesis of radioligands and other compounds when limited amounts of material must be handled in small volumes.

  5. Synthesis and solid-phase purification of anthranilic sulfonamides as CCK-2 ligands.

    PubMed

    Woods, Craig R; Hack, Michael D; Allison, Brett D; Phuong, Victor K; Rosen, Mark D; Morton, Magda F; Prendergast, Clodagh E; Barrett, Terrance D; Shankley, Nigel P; Rabinowitz, Michael H

    2007-12-15

    A novel strategy for the synthesis of cholecystokinin-2 receptor ligands was developed. The route employs a solution-phase synthesis of a series of anthranilic sulfonamides followed by a resin capture purification strategy to produce multi-milligram quantities of compounds for bioassay. The synthesis was used to produce >100 compounds containing various functional groups, highlighting the general applicability of this strategy and to address specific metabolism issues in our CCK-2 program.

  6. SuperLigands – a database of ligand structures derived from the Protein Data Bank

    PubMed Central

    Michalsky, Elke; Dunkel, Mathias; Goede, Andrean; Preissner, Robert

    2005-01-01

    Background Currently, the PDB contains approximately 29,000 protein structures comprising over 70,000 experimentally determined three-dimensional structures of over 5,000 different low molecular weight compounds. Information about these PDB ligands can be very helpful in the field of molecular modelling and prediction, particularly for the prediction of protein binding sites and function. Description Here we present an Internet accessible database delivering PDB ligands in the MDL Mol file format which, in contrast to the PDB format, includes information about bond types. Structural similarity of the compounds can be detected by calculation of Tanimoto coefficients and by three-dimensional superposition. Topological similarity of PDB ligands to known drugs can be assessed via Tanimoto coefficients. Conclusion SuperLigands supplements the set of existing resources of information about small molecules bound to PDB structures. Allowing for three-dimensional comparison of the compounds as a novel feature, this database represents a valuable means of analysis and prediction in the field of biological and medical research. PMID:15943884

  7. Triple-stranded helicates of zinc(II) and cadmium(II) involving a new redox-active multiring nitrogenous heterocyclic ligand: synthesis, structure, and electrochemical and photophysical properties.

    PubMed

    Kundu, Nabanita; Abtab, Sk Md Towsif; Kundu, Sanchita; Endo, Akira; Teat, Simon J; Chaudhury, Muktimoy

    2012-02-20

    The protonated form [H(2)(L)](CF(3)SO(3))(2) (1) of a new redox-active bis-bidentate nitrogenous heterocyclic ligand, viz., 3,3'-dipyridin-2-yl[1,1']bi[imidazo[1,5-a]pyridinyl] (L), and its zinc(II) and cadmium(II) complexes (2 and 3) have been synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. In the solid state, both 2 and 3 have triple-stranded helical structures involving ligands that experience twisting and bending to the extent needed by the stereoelectronic demand of the central metal ion. The metal centers in the zinc(II) complex [Zn(2)(L)(3)](ClO(4))(4) (2) are equivalent, each having a distorted octahedral geometry, flattened along the C(3) axis with a Zn1···Zn1# separation of 4.8655(13) Å. The cadmium complex [Cd(2)(L)(3)(H(2)O)](ClO(4))(4) (3), on the other hand, has a rare type of helical structure, showing coordination asymmetry around the metal centers with a drastically reduced Cd1···Cd2 separation of 4.070 Å. The coordination environment around Cd1 is a distorted pentagonal bipyramid involving a N(6)O donor set with the oxygen atom coming from a coordinated water, leaving the remaining metal center Cd2 with a distorted octahedral geometry. The structures of 2 and 3 also involve anion-π- and CH-π-type noncovalent interactions that play dominant roles in shaping the extended structures of these molecules in the solid state. In solution, these compounds exhibit strong fluxional behavior, making the individual ligand strands indistinguishable from one another, as revealed from their (1)H NMR spectra, which also provide indications about these molecules retaining their helical structures in solution. Electrochemically, these compounds are quite interesting, undergoing ligand-based oxidations in two successive one-electron steps at E(1/2) of ca. 0.65 and 0.90 V versus a Ag/AgCl (3 M NaCl) reference. These molecules are all efficient emitters in the red and blue regions because of ligand-based π*-π fluorescent

  8. Structural basis for EGFR ligand sequestration by Argos

    SciTech Connect

    Klein, Daryl E.; Stayrook, Steven E.; Shi, Fumin; Narayan, Kartik; Lemmon, Mark A.

    2008-06-26

    Members of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) or ErbB/HER family and their activating ligands are essential regulators of diverse developmental processes. Inappropriate activation of these receptors is a key feature of many human cancers, and its reversal is an important clinical goal. A natural secreted antagonist of EGFR signalling, called Argos, was identified in Drosophila. We showed previously that Argos functions by directly binding (and sequestering) growth factor ligands that activate EGFR5. Here we describe the 1.6-{angstrom} resolution crystal structure of Argos bound to an EGFR ligand. Contrary to expectations, Argos contains no EGF-like domain. Instead, a trio of closely related domains (resembling a three-finger toxin fold) form a clamp-like structure around the bound EGF ligand. Although structurally unrelated to the receptor, Argos mimics EGFR by using a bipartite binding surface to entrap EGF. The individual Argos domains share unexpected structural similarities with the extracellular ligand-binding regions of transforming growth factor-{beta} family receptors. The three-domain clamp of Argos also resembles the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) receptor, which uses a similar mechanism to engulf the EGF-like module of uPA. Our results indicate that undiscovered mammalian counterparts of Argos may exist among other poorly characterized structural homologues. In addition, the structures presented here define requirements for the design of artificial EGF-sequestering proteins that would be valuable anti-cancer therapeutics.

  9. Synthesis, XAFS and X-ray structural studies of mono- and binuclear metal-chelates of N,O,O(N,O,S) tridentate Schiff base pyrazole derived ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burlov, Anatolii S.; Uraev, Ali I.; Garnovskii, Dmitrii A.; Lyssenko, Konstantin A.; Vlasenko, Valery G.; Zubavichus, Yan V.; Murzin, Vadim Yu.; Korshunova, Eugenie V.; Borodkin, Gennadii S.; Levchenkov, Sergey I.; Vasilchenko, Igor S.; Minkin, Vladimir I.

    2014-05-01

    The syntheses of a series of novel N,O,O and N,O,S donor tridentate Schiff base ligands H2L1 and H2L2via the condensation of 1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-formylpyrazol-5-ol(thiol) with 2-hydroxymethylaniline and their Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Fe(III), and Mn(II) complexes are reported. The compounds are characterized by the C, H, N, S, metal elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy; 1H NMR data for ligands, low-temperature magnetic measurements, X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The crystal structures for Ni(II) and Cu(II) coordination compounds with the compositions NiL21 and CuL21 are established by X-ray crystallography.

  10. Synthesis of 3-alkyl naphthalenes as novel estrogen receptor ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Fang, Jing; Akwabi-Ameyaw, Adwoa; Britton, Jonathan E.; Katamreddy, Subba R.; Navas III, Frank; Miller, Aaron B.; Williams, Shawn P.; Gray, David W.; Orband-Miller, Lisa A.; Shearin, Jean; Heyer, Dennis

    2009-06-24

    A series of estrogen receptor ligands based on a 3-alkyl naphthalene scaffold was synthesized using an intramolecular enolate-alkyne cycloaromatization as the key step. Several of these compounds bearing a C6-OH group were shown to be high affinity ligands. All compounds had similar ER{alpha} and ER{beta} binding affinity ranging from micromolar to low nanomolar.

  11. Synthesis, characterization and spectroscopy studying of some metal complexes of a new Schiff base ligand; X-ray crystal structure, NMR and IR investigation of a new dodecahedron Cd(II) complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Golbedaghi, Reza; Rezaeivala, Majid; Khalili, Maryam; Notash, Behrouz; Karimi, Javad

    2016-12-01

    Some new [Cd(H2L1)(NO3)]ClO4 (1), [Mn(H2L1)](ClO4)2 (2), [Ni(H2L1)](ClO4)2 (3) and [Cu(H2L1)](ClO4)2 (4) complexes were prepared by the reaction of a Schiff base ligand and M (II) metal ions in equimolar ratios (M = Cd, Mn, Ni and Cu). The ligand H2L1 was synthesized by reaction of 2-[2-(3-formyl phenoxy)propoxy]benzaldehyde and ethanol amine and characterized by IR, 1H,13C NMR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The synthesized complexes were characterized with IR and elemental analysis in all cases and 1H, 13C NMR, and X-ray in the case of Cd(II) complex. The X-ray crystal structure of compound 1 showed that all nitrogen and oxygen atoms of Schiff base ligand (N2O4) and a molecule of nitrate with two donor oxygen atom have been coordinated to the metal ion and the Cd(II) ion is in an eight-coordinate environment that is best described as a distorted dodecahedron geometry.

  12. Synthesis, characterization, X-ray crystal structures and antibacterial activities of Schiff base ligands derived from allylamine and their vanadium(IV), cobalt(III), nickel(II), copper(II), zinc(II) and palladium(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amiri Rudbari, Hadi; Iravani, Mohammad Reza; Moazam, Vahid; Askari, Banafshe; Khorshidifard, Mahsa; Habibi, Neda; Bruno, Giuseppe

    2016-12-01

    A new Schiff base ligand, HL2, and four new Schiff base complexes, NiL12, PdL12, NiL22 and ZnL22, have been prepared and characterized by elemental analysis (CHN), FT-IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy. 1H and 13C NMR techniques were employed for characterization of the ligand (HL2) and the diamagnetic complexes (PdL12 and ZnL22). The molecular structures of PdL12, NiL22 and ZnL22 complexes were determined by the single crystal X-ray diffraction technique. The crystallographic data reveal that in these complexes the metal centers are four-coordinated by two phenolate oxygen and two imine nitrogen atoms of two Schiff base ligands. The geometry around the metal center in the PdL12 and NiL22 complexes is square-planar and for ZnL22 it is a distorted tetrahedral.In the end, five new (HL2, NiL12, PdL12, NiL22 and ZnL22) and six reported (HL1, VOL12, CoL13, CuL12, ZnL12 and Zn2L14) Schiff base compounds were tested for their in vitro antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli as examples of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains, respectively, by disc diffusion method.

  13. Synthesis of Phthalimide Derivatives as Potential PPAR-γ Ligands.

    PubMed

    Eom, So Hyeon; Liu, Sen; Su, Mingzhi; Noh, Tae Hwan; Hong, Jongki; Kim, Nam Deuk; Chung, Hae Young; Yang, Min Hye; Jung, Jee H

    2016-01-01

    Paecilocin A, a phthalide derivative isolated from the jellyfish-derived fungus Paecilomyces variotii, activates PPAR-γ (Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma) in rat liver Ac2F cells. Based on a SAR (Structure-activity relationships) study and in silico analysis of paecilocin A-mimetic derivatives, additional N-substituted phthalimide derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for PPAR-γ agonistic activity in both murine liver Ac2F cells and in human liver HepG2 cells by luciferase assay, and for adipogenic activity in 3T3-L1 cells. Docking simulation indicated PD6 was likely to bind most strongly to the ligand binding domain of PPAR-γ by establishing crucial H-bonds with key amino acid residues. However, in in vitro assays, PD1 and PD2 consistently displayed significant PPAR-γ activation in Ac2F and HepG2 cells, and adipogenic activity in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. PMID:27338418

  14. Synthesis of Phthalimide Derivatives as Potential PPAR-γ Ligands

    PubMed Central

    Eom, So Hyeon; Liu, Sen; Su, Mingzhi; Noh, Tae Hwan; Hong, Jongki; Kim, Nam Deuk; Chung, Hae Young; Yang, Min Hye; Jung, Jee H.

    2016-01-01

    Paecilocin A, a phthalide derivative isolated from the jellyfish-derived fungus Paecilomyces variotii, activates PPAR-γ (Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma) in rat liver Ac2F cells. Based on a SAR (Structure-activity relationships) study and in silico analysis of paecilocin A-mimetic derivatives, additional N-substituted phthalimide derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for PPAR-γ agonistic activity in both murine liver Ac2F cells and in human liver HepG2 cells by luciferase assay, and for adipogenic activity in 3T3-L1 cells. Docking simulation indicated PD6 was likely to bind most strongly to the ligand binding domain of PPAR-γ by establishing crucial H-bonds with key amino acid residues. However, in in vitro assays, PD1 and PD2 consistently displayed significant PPAR-γ activation in Ac2F and HepG2 cells, and adipogenic activity in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. PMID:27338418

  15. Structural Basis of Cooperative Ligand Binding by the Glycine Riboswitch

    SciTech Connect

    E Butler; J Wang; Y Xiong; S Strobel

    2011-12-31

    The glycine riboswitch regulates gene expression through the cooperative recognition of its amino acid ligand by a tandem pair of aptamers. A 3.6 {angstrom} crystal structure of the tandem riboswitch from the glycine permease operon of Fusobacterium nucleatum reveals the glycine binding sites and an extensive network of interactions, largely mediated by asymmetric A-minor contacts, that serve to communicate ligand binding status between the aptamers. These interactions provide a structural basis for how the glycine riboswitch cooperatively regulates gene expression.

  16. Synthesis of heterocycles: Indolo (2,1-a) isoquinolines, renewables, and aptamer ligands for cellular imaging

    SciTech Connect

    Beasley, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    In this thesis, we explore both total syntheses and methodologies of several aromatic heterocyclic molecules. Extensions of the Kraus indole synthesis toward 2-substituted and 2,3-disubstituted indoles, as well as biologically attractive indolo[2,1-a]isoquinolines are described. Recent renewable efforts directed to commodity maleic acid and the first reported furan-based ionic liquids are described. Our total synthesis of mRNA aptamer ligand PDC-Gly, and its dye coupled forms, plus aminoglycoside dye coupled ligands used in molecular imaging, are described.

  17. First total synthesis of (+/-)-3-hydroxy-11-norcytisine: structure confirmation and biological characterization.

    PubMed

    Yohannes, Daniel; Hansen, Camilla P; Akireddy, Srinivasa Rao; Hauser, Terry A; Kiser, Melanie N; Gurnon, Nicholas J; Day, Cynthia S; Bhatti, Balwinder; Caldwell, William S

    2008-12-01

    The first total synthesis of the natural product 3-hydroxy-11-norcytisine (1), structurally related to cytisine (2), a benchmark ligand at neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (NNRs), has been achieved. The synthesis permits the unambiguous confirmation of the structure originally proposed for 1 and has enabled initial biological characterization of 1 and its related compounds against NNRs.

  18. A Selenium-Containing Diarylamido Pincer Ligand: Synthesis and Coordination Chemistry with Group 10 Metals.

    PubMed

    Charette, Bronte J; Ritch, Jamie S

    2016-06-20

    The synthesis of new bifunctional organoselenium diarylamine compounds RN(4-Me-2-SeMe-C6H3)2 (R = Me: 1; R = tert-butoxycarbonyl (Boc): 2; R = H: 3-H) via aryllithium chemistry is disclosed. Compound 1 serves as a Se,Se-bidentate neutral ligand toward Pd(II), forming the coordination complex {PdCl2[MeN(4-Me-2-SeMe-C6H3)2-κ(2)Se)]} (1-Pd) in reaction with [PdCl2(COD)] (COD = 1,5-cyclooctadiene), while the protio ligand 3-H forms tridentate pincer complexes [MCl(N(4-Me-2-SeMe-C6H3)2)] (M = Pd: 3-Pd; M = Pt: 3-Pt) with [MCl2(COD)] (M = Pd, Pt) in the presence of triethylamine. Complex 1-Pd does not undergo N-C cleavage at high temperature, unlike related alkylphosphine-bearing complexes. All compounds have been characterized by multinuclear ((1)H, (13)C, (77)Se) NMR spectroscopy, and crystal structures of 1, 1-Pd, 3-Pd, and 3-Pt are reported. Additionally, density functional theory calculations have been performed on the pincer complexes to contrast them with well-known analogues containing phosphine donor groups. PMID:27281450

  19. Synthesis of Ruthenium Boryl Analogues of the Shvo Metal–Ligand Bifunctional Catalyst

    PubMed Central

    Koren-Selfridge, Liza; Query, Ian P.; Hanson, Joel A.; Isley, Nicholas A.; Guzei, Ilia A.; Clark, Timothy B.

    2010-01-01

    Metal boryl complexes have received significant attention in the literature in recent years due to their role as key intermediates in a number of metal-catalyzed borylation reactions. The ligand scaffold is known to have a significant impact on the observed reactivity of these metal boryl complexes. A synthetic strategy to access ruthenium boryl analogues of the Shvo metal–ligand catalysts is described. Heating a precursor to Shvo’s catalyst (1) with bis(catecholato)diboron at 50 °C provided ruthenium boryl complex 3 [2,5-Ph2-3,4-Tol2(η5-C4COBcat)Ru(CO)2Bcat] (Bcat = catecholatoboryl). Addition of bis(catecholato)diboron to complex 1 in the presence of a phenol results in ruthenium boryl complex5 [2,5-Ph2-3,4-Tol2(η5-C4COH)Ru(CO)2Bcat] at 22 °C in 30% isolated yield. A single crystal X-ray analysis of complex 5 confirmed the assigned structure. An improved synthesis of ruthenium boryl complex 5 was developed by the in situ formation of complex 3 [2,5-Ph2-3,4-Tol2(η5-C4COBcat)Ru(CO)2Bcat] followed by addition of the phenol, resulting in a 51% yield. PMID:20835402

  20. V-shaped ligand 1,3-bis(1-ethylbenzimidazol-2-yl)-2-thiapropane and manganese(II), cobalt(II) and copper(II) complexes: Synthesis, crystal structure, DNA-binding properties and antioxidant activities.

    PubMed

    Wu, Huilu; Yang, Zaihui; Wang, Fei; Peng, Hongping; Zhang, Han; Wang, Cuiping; Wang, Kaitong

    2015-07-01

    A V-shaped ligand 1,3-bis(1-ethylbenzimidazol-2-yl)-2-thiapropane (bebt) and its transition metal complexes, [Mn(bebt)(pic)2]·CH3OH (pic=picrate) 1, [Co(bebt)2](pic)22 and [Cu(bebt)2](pic)2·2DMF 3, have been synthesized and characterized. The coordinate forms of complexes 1 and 2 are basically alike, which can be described as six-coordinated distorted octahedron. The geometric structure around Cu(II) atom can be described as distorted tetrahedral in complex 3. The DNA-binding properties of the ligand bebt and complexes have been investigated by electronic absorption, fluorescence, and viscosity measurements. The results suggest that bebt and complexes bind to DNA via an intercalative binding mode and the order of the binding affinity is 1<2<3structure and DNA-binding properties are also discussed. Moreover, the complex 3 possess significant antioxidant activity against superoxide and hydroxyl radicals, and the scavenging effects of it are stronger than standard mannitol and vitamin C.

  1. Synthesis and characterization of a series of transition metal complexes with a new symmetrical polyoxaaza macroacyclic Schiff base ligand: X-ray crystal structure of cobalt(II) and nickel(II) complexes and their antibacterial properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keypour, Hassan; Shayesteh, Maryam; Rezaeivala, Majid; Chalabian, Firoozeh; Valencia, Laura

    2013-01-01

    A new symmetrical [N4O2] hexadentate Schiff base ligand, (E)-N-(pyridin-2-ylmethylene)-2-(3-(2-((E)-pyridin-2-lmethyleneamino)phenoxy)naphthalen-2-yloxy)benzenamine, abbreviated to L, and its complexes of Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Co(II), Cd(II) and Mn(II) have been synthesized in the presence of metal ions. The complexes were structurally characterized by elemental analyses, IR, UV-Vis, NMR and molar conductivity. The crystal structures of two complexes, [NiL(ONO2)2]·2H2O and [CoLCl2]CH3OH·0.5H2O, have been determined by a single crystal X-ray diffraction study. In these complexes, the ligand is coordinated in a neutral form via pyridine and azomethine nitrogen atoms. The metal ions complete their six coordination with two coordinated nitrate or chloride ions, forming a distorted octahedral geometry. The synthesized compounds have antibacterial activity against the three Gram-positive bacteria: Enterococcus faecalis, Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus epid and also against the three Gram-negative bacteria: Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter aerogenes and Salmonella typhi. The activity data show that the complexes are more potent antibacterials than the parent Schiff base.

  2. Synthesis of Janus-like gold nanoparticles with hydrophilic/hydrophobic faces by surface ligand exchange and their self-assemblies in water.

    PubMed

    Iida, Ryo; Kawamura, Hitoshi; Niikura, Kenichi; Kimura, Takashi; Sekiguchi, Shota; Joti, Yasumasa; Bessho, Yoshitaka; Mitomo, Hideyuki; Nishino, Yoshinori; Ijiro, Kuniharu

    2015-04-14

    This study aims at the synthesis of Janus gold nanoparticles (Janus GNPs) with hydrophilic/hydrophobic faces by a simple ligand exchange reaction in an homogeneous system and at the elucidation of the self-assembled structures of the Janus GNPs in water. As hydrophilic surface ligands, we synthesized hexaethylene glycol (E6)-terminated thiolate ligands with C3, C7, or C11 alkyl chains, referred to as E6C3, E6C7, and E6C11, respectively. As a hydrophobic ligand, a butyl-headed thiolate ligand C4-E6C11, in which a C4 alkyl was introduced on the E6C11 terminus, was synthesized. The degree of segregation between the two ligands on the GNPs (5 nm in diameter) was examined by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of fright mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) analysis. We found that the choice of immobilization methods, one-step or two-step addition of the two ligands to the GNP solution, crucially affects the degree of segregation. The two-step addition of a hydrophilic ligand (E6C3) followed by a hydrophobic ligand (C4-E6C11) produced a large degree of segregation on the GNPs, providing Janus-like GNPs. When dispersed in water, these Janus-like GNPs formed assemblies of ∼160 nm in diameter, whereas Domain GNPs, in which the two ligands formed partial domains on the surface, were precipitated even when the molar ratio of the hydrophilic ligand and the hydrophobic ligand on the surface of the NPs was almost 1:1. The assembled structure of the Janus-like GNPs in water was directly observed by pulsed coherent X-ray solution scattering using an X-ray free-electron laser, revealing irregular spherical structures with uneven surfaces.

  3. Synthesis and X-ray structure analysis of a new binuclear Schiff base Co(II) complex with the ligand N,N'-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,4-butanediamine

    SciTech Connect

    Nasr-Esfahani, M.

    2009-12-15

    The title binuclear complex, tris[N,N-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,4-diaminobutane] dicobalt(II), C{sub 60}H{sub 70}Co{sub 2}N{sub 6}O{sub 15}, was prepared by the reaction of the tetradentate Schiff base ligand bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,4-diaminobutane and Co(CH{sub 3}COO){sub 2} . 4H{sub 2}O in a ethanol solution and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. This complex has a dinuclear structure where two Co(II) ions are bridged by one N{sup 0},N'-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,4-diaminobutane. The two Co(II) ions, have two distorted octahedral coordination involving two O and two N atoms.

  4. Synthesis and Characterization of Metal Complexes with Schiff Base Ligands

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkinson, Shane M.; Sheedy, Timothy M.; New, Elizabeth J.

    2016-01-01

    In order for undergraduate laboratory experiments to reflect modern research practice, it is essential that they include a range of elements, and that synthetic tasks are accompanied by characterization and analysis. This intermediate general chemistry laboratory exercise runs over 2 weeks, and involves the preparation of a Schiff base ligand and…

  5. An Alternative Preparation of 1-(N,N-Dimethylaminomethyl)-1'-(diphenylphosphanyl)ferrocene: Synthesis and Structural Characterization of Au(I) and Pd(II) Complexes with this Hybrid Ligand.

    PubMed

    Stěpnička, Petr; Zábranský, Martin; Císařová, Ivana

    2012-04-01

    1-(N,N-Dimethylaminomethyl)-1'-(diphenylphosphanyl)ferrocene (1) was synthesized in good yield by lithiation of 1-bromo-1'-(diphenylphosphanyl)ferrocene and subsequent reaction with Eschenmoser's salt (dimethylmethylideneammonium iodide). Making use of an easily accessible, nontoxic starting material, this procedure represents a convenient alternative to the original synthetic protocol based on stepwise lithiation/functionalization of 1,1'-bis(tributylstannyl)ferrocene and reductive amination [M. E. Wright, Organometallics 1990, 9, 853-856]. Compound 1 has typical hybrid-donor properties. When reacted with [AuCl(tht)] (tht=tetrahydrothiophene), it afforded the expected Au(I) phosphane complex [AuCl(1-κP)] (2). An attempted removal of the chloride ligand from 2 with AgClO4 produced an ill-defined material formulated as Au(1)ClO4. The uncoordinated amine substituent reacted with traces of hydrogen chloride formed by slow decomposition typically occurring in solution. In this manner, complexes [AuCl(Ph2PfcCH2NHMe2)]Cl (3, fc=ferrocene-1,1'-diyl) and [AuCl(Ph2PfcCH2NHMe2)]ClO4 (4) were isolated from crystallizations experiments with 2 and Au(1)ClO4, respectively. On a larger scale, complex 3 was prepared easily from 2 and hydrogen chloride. The course of reactions between [PdCl2(cod)] (cod=cycloocta-1,5-diene) and 1 were found to depend on the ligand-to-metal ratio. Whereas the reaction with two equivalents of 1 afforded bis(phosphane) complex trans-[PdCl2(1-κP)2] (5), that of a Pd:P ratio 1:1 produced ligand-bridged dimer [(μ-1)PdCl2]2 (6). With hydrogen chloride, complex 6 reacted to afford zwitterionic complex [PdCl3(1H-κP)] (7), which was also formed when ligand 1 and [PdCl2(cod)] were allowed to react slowly by liquid-phase diffusion of their chloroform solutions. The compounds were characterized by spectroscopic methods (multinuclear NMR and ESI-MS), and the molecular structures of complex 2-4, 6⋅2CHCl3 and 7⋅1.5CHCl3 were determined by single-crystal X

  6. An Alternative Preparation of 1-(N,N-Dimethylaminomethyl)-1′-(diphenylphosphanyl)ferrocene: Synthesis and Structural Characterization of AuI and PdII Complexes with this Hybrid Ligand

    PubMed Central

    Štěpnička, Petr; Zábranský, Martin; Císařová, Ivana

    2012-01-01

    1-(N,N-Dimethylaminomethyl)-1′-(diphenylphosphanyl)ferrocene (1) was synthesized in good yield by lithiation of 1-bromo-1′-(diphenylphosphanyl)ferrocene and subsequent reaction with Eschenmoser's salt (dimethylmethylideneammonium iodide). Making use of an easily accessible, nontoxic starting material, this procedure represents a convenient alternative to the original synthetic protocol based on stepwise lithiation/functionalization of 1,1′-bis(tributylstannyl)ferrocene and reductive amination [M. E. Wright, Organometallics 1990, 9, 853–856]. Compound 1 has typical hybrid-donor properties. When reacted with [AuCl(tht)] (tht=tetrahydrothiophene), it afforded the expected AuI phosphane complex [AuCl(1-κP)] (2). An attempted removal of the chloride ligand from 2 with AgClO4 produced an ill-defined material formulated as Au(1)ClO4. The uncoordinated amine substituent reacted with traces of hydrogen chloride formed by slow decomposition typically occurring in solution. In this manner, complexes [AuCl(Ph2PfcCH2NHMe2)]Cl (3, fc=ferrocene-1,1′-diyl) and [AuCl(Ph2PfcCH2NHMe2)]ClO4 (4) were isolated from crystallizations experiments with 2 and Au(1)ClO4, respectively. On a larger scale, complex 3 was prepared easily from 2 and hydrogen chloride. The course of reactions between [PdCl2(cod)] (cod=cycloocta-1,5-diene) and 1 were found to depend on the ligand-to-metal ratio. Whereas the reaction with two equivalents of 1 afforded bis(phosphane) complex trans-[PdCl2(1-κP)2] (5), that of a Pd:P ratio 1:1 produced ligand-bridged dimer [(μ-1)PdCl2]2 (6). With hydrogen chloride, complex 6 reacted to afford zwitterionic complex [PdCl3(1H-κP)] (7), which was also formed when ligand 1 and [PdCl2(cod)] were allowed to react slowly by liquid-phase diffusion of their chloroform solutions. The compounds were characterized by spectroscopic methods (multinuclear NMR and ESI–MS), and the molecular structures of complex 2–4, 6⋅2CHCl3 and 7⋅1.5CHCl3 were determined by single

  7. New formamidine ligands and their mixed ligand palladium(II) oxalate complexes: Synthesis, characterization, DFT calculations and in vitro cytotoxicity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Soliman, Ahmed A.; Alajrawy, Othman I.; Attabi, Fawzy A.; Shaaban, Mohamed R.; Linert, W.

    2016-01-01

    A series of new ternary palladium(II) complexes of the type [Pd(L1-4)ox]·xH2O where L = formamidine ligands and ox = oxalate, were synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, magnetic susceptibility, UV-Vis, infrared (IR) and mass spectroscopy and thermal analysis. The spectroscopic data indicated that the formamidine ligands act as bidentate N2 donors and the oxalate as O2 ligand. The complexes (1-4) are diamagnetic and the optimization of their structures indicated that the geometry is distorted square planer with O-Pd-O and N-Pd-N bond angles ranged 82.70-83.87° and 88.21-95.02°; respectively which is acceptable for the heteroleptic complexes. The dipole moment of the complexes (13.97-18.77 Debye) indicating that the complexes are more polarized than the ligands (1.93-4.96 Debye). The complexes are thermally stable as shown from their relatively higher overall activation energies (441-688 kJ mol-1). The ligands and the complexes are proved to have good cytotoxicity with IC50 (μM) in the range of (0.011-0.168) against MCF-7, (0.012-0.150) against HCT-116, (0.042-0.094) against PC-3 and (0.006-0.222) against HepG-2 cell lines, which open the field for further application as antitumor compounds.

  8. Synthesis, crystal structure, antibacterial activity and theoretical studies on a novel mononuclear cobalt(II) complex based on 2,4,6-tris(2-pyridyl)-1,3,5-triazine ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maghami, Mahboobeh; Farzaneh, Faezeh; Simpson, Jim; Ghiasi, Mina; Azarkish, Mohammad

    2015-08-01

    A cobalt complex was prepared from CoCl2·6H2O and 2,4,6-tris(2-pyridyl)-1,3,5-triazine (tptz) in methanol and designated as [Co(tptz)(CH3OH)Cl2]·CH3OH·0.5H2O (1). It was characterized by several techniques including TGA analysis and FT-IR, UV-Vis and 1H NMR spectral studies. The crystal structure of 1 was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The Co(II) metal center in 1 is six coordinated with a distorted octahedral geometry. The tptz ligand is tridentate and coordinates to the cobalt through coplanar nitrogen atoms from the triazine and two pyridyl rings. Two chloride anions and a methanol molecule complete the inner coordination sphere of the metal ion. The optimized geometrical parameters obtained by DFT calculation are in good agreement with single XRD data. The in vitro antibacterial activity of various tptz complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Mn(II) and Rh(III) were evaluated against Gram-positive (Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus and Gram-negative (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) bacteria. Whereas all complexes exhibited good activity in comparison to standard antibacterial drugs, the inhibitory effects of complexes were found to be more than that of the parent ligand. Overall, the obtained results strongly suggest that the cobalt(II) complex is a suitable candidate for counteracting antibiotic resistant microorganisms.

  9. Synthesis and crystal structure of a copper complex with (E)-2-(4-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)benzylidene)-3, 4-dihydronaphthalen-1(2H)-one ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Sun, Shu-Wen; Zhang, Xiao; Wang, Gao-Feng

    2015-12-15

    The title compound, C{sub 35}H{sub 23}CuF{sub 6}N{sub 3}O{sub 5}S{sub 2} (1), was synthesized by the reaction of Cu(tta){sub 2} and L{sup 1}, (L{sup 1} = (E)-2-(4-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)benzylidene)-3, 4-dihydronaphthalen-1(2H)-one) in the dichloromethane solution. It crystallizes in the monoclinic, space group P2{sub 1}/c with a = 33.8388(5), b = 9.3874(2), c = 21.8194(4) Å, β = 95.522(2), V = 6898.9(2) Å{sup 3}, Z = 8, D{sub x} = 1.554 Mg/m{sup 3}, F(000) = 3272, µ = 0.834 mm{sup –1}, R{sub 1} = 0.0639, wR{sub 2} = 0.1637. The copper(II) ion of 1 is in a distorted square-pyramidal environment with four O atoms of the two tta ligands and one N atom of triazole ligand L{sup 1}. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction data revealed that the hydrogen bonds, weak C–H···π and π···π interactions in the crystals link the coordination units to form 3D supramolecular structures.

  10. Synthesis, structural characterization, in-vitro antibiogram assay and efficient catalytic activities of transition metal(II) chelates incorporating (E)-(2-((2-hydroxybenzylidene)amino)phenyl)(phenyl)methanone ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Muniyandi, Vellaichamy; Pravin, Narayanaperumal; Mitu, Liviu; Raman, Natarajan

    2015-04-01

    A new tridentate ligand, (E)-(2-((2-hydroxybenzylidene)amino)phenyl)(phenyl)methanone and its four metal(II) chelates have been designed and synthesized. They were structurally characterized by elemental analysis, FT IR, UV-vis, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, mass spectra, EPR, magnetic moment and conductivity measurements. Elemental analysis and molar conductance values reveal that all the chelates are 1:1 stoichiometry of the type [MLCl] having non-electrolytic nature. The metal chelates adopt square planar geometrical arrangements around the metal ions. The DNA-binding properties of these chelates have been investigated by electronic absorption, cyclic voltammetry, differential pulse voltammogram and viscosity measurements. The data indicate that these complexes bind to DNA via an intercalation mode. The oxidative cleavage of the metal complexes with pBR322 DNA has also been investigated by gel electrophoresis. Moreover, the antimicrobial bustle shows that all metal chelates have superior activity than the free ligand. The oxidation of toluene to benzaldehyde is effectively catalyzed by the synthesized chelates.

  11. Synthesis and crystal structure of a copper complex with ( E)-2-(4-(1 H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)benzylidene)-3,4-dihydronaphthalen-1(2 H)-one ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Shu-Wen; Zhang, Xiao; Wang, Gao-Feng

    2015-12-01

    The title compound, C35H23CuF6N3O5S2 ( 1), was synthesized by the reaction of Cu( tta)2 and L 1, ( L 1 = ( E)-2-(4-(1 H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)benzylidene)-3,4-dihydronaphthalen-1(2 H)-one) in the dichloromethane solution. It crystallizes in the monoclinic, space group P21/ c with a = 33.8388(5), b = 9.3874(2), c = 21.8194(4) Å, β = 95.522(2), V = 6898.9(2) Å3, Z = 8, D x = 1.554 Mg/m3, F(000) = 3272, µ = 0.834 mm-1, R 1 = 0.0639, wR 2 = 0.1637. The copper(II) ion of 1 is in a distorted square-pyramidal environment with four O atoms of the two tta ligands and one N atom of triazole ligand L 1. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction data revealed that the hydrogen bonds, weak C-H···π and π···π interactions in the crystals link the coordination units to form 3D supramolecular structures.

  12. Synthesis and characterization of 2-substituted bornane pharmacophores for novel cannabinergic ligands

    PubMed Central

    Duclos, Richard I.; Lu, Dai; Guo, Jianxin; Makriyannis, Alexandros

    2013-01-01

    Analogously to the fenchyl and adamantyl groups, the bornyl and epimeric isobornyl groups are compact lipophilic substituents that can be incorporated into drug design to improve pharmacological or physicochemical properties. Methods are reported for the synthesis and characterization of 2-substituted norbornanes and bornanes that can serve as novel cannabinergic ligand intermediates. PMID:23935221

  13. Synthesis and reactivity of metal complexes with acyclic (amino)(ylide)carbene ligands.

    PubMed

    González-Fernández, Elisa; Rust, Jörg; Alcarazo, Manuel

    2013-10-18

    No cycle required: The straightforward synthesis of acyclic (amino)(ylide)carbene gold complexes was achieved by reaction of isocyanide gold complexes with phosphorus and arsenic ylides as well as electron-rich olefins. Their ability to form bimetallic species and to act as ligand-transfer reagents has also been established. PMID:24038894

  14. Synthesis and reactivity of metal complexes with acyclic (amino)(ylide)carbene ligands.

    PubMed

    González-Fernández, Elisa; Rust, Jörg; Alcarazo, Manuel

    2013-10-18

    No cycle required: The straightforward synthesis of acyclic (amino)(ylide)carbene gold complexes was achieved by reaction of isocyanide gold complexes with phosphorus and arsenic ylides as well as electron-rich olefins. Their ability to form bimetallic species and to act as ligand-transfer reagents has also been established.

  15. Synthesis, spectroscopy and thermal study of some nickel(II) complexes containing tridentate Schiff bases and substituted amine ligands, X-ray crystal structure of nickel(II) complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kianfar, Ali Hossein; Bahramian, Masomeh; Khavasi, Hamid Reza

    Some new tridentate ONO and ONS Schiff base complexes of [NiL(amine)] (L = Salicylidene2-aminophenol and Salicylidene2-aminothiophenol, amine = benzylamine, morpholine, pyrrolidine and piperidine) were synthesized and characterized by IR, UV-vis, 1H NMR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The geometry of [NiL2(bzlan)] determined by X-ray crystallography indicates that the complex has planar structure and has four coordinate in the solid state. The thermogravimmetry (TG) and differential thermoanalysis (DTA) of the synthesized complexes were carried out in the range of 20-700 °C, leading to decomposition of ONO type in two stages and of ONS type in three stages. The ONO and ONS complexes were decomposed to NiO and NiS respectively. Thermal decomposition of the complexes is closely the depends upon nature of the Schiff base ligands and proceeds via first order kinetics.

  16. Mixed 3d/4f polynuclear complexes with 2,2‧-oxydiacetate as bridging ligand: Synthesis, structure and chemical speciation of La M compounds (M = bivalent cation)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Domínguez, Sixto; Torres, Julia; Peluffo, Florencia; Mederos, Alfredo; González-Platas, Javier; Castiglioni, Jorge; Kremer, Carlos

    2007-03-01

    Heterometallic compounds containing La(III), bivalent cations M (M = Co, Ni, Ca), and 2,2‧-oxydiacetate (oda) as connecting ligand have been prepared and characterized. The complexes can be formulated as [La2M3(oda)6(H2O)6] · 12H2O. The structure of [La2Co3(oda)6(H2O)6] shows the presence of the La(III) coordinated by six carboxy and three ether oxygen atoms, and the Co(II) cation bonded to four carboxy oxygens and two molecules of water. An open 3D framework is observed, containing large hexagonal channels. The chemical systems were also investigated in solution (25.0 °C, I = 0.5 M Me4NCl) by potentiometry. The same kind of polynuclear species have been found in aqueous solution.

  17. Synthesis, spectroscopy and thermal study of some nickel(II) complexes containing tridentate Schiff bases and substituted amine ligands, X-ray crystal structure of nickel(II) complex.

    PubMed

    Kianfar, Ali Hossein; Bahramian, Masomeh; Khavasi, Hamid Reza

    2012-08-01

    Some new tridentate ONO and ONS Schiff base complexes of [NiL(amine)] (L=Salicylidene2-aminophenol and Salicylidene2-aminothiophenol, amine=benzylamine, morpholine, pyrrolidine and piperidine) were synthesized and characterized by IR, UV-vis, (1)H NMR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The geometry of [NiL(2)(bzlan)] determined by X-ray crystallography indicates that the complex has planar structure and has four coordinate in the solid state. The thermogravimmetry (TG) and differential thermoanalysis (DTA) of the synthesized complexes were carried out in the range of 20-700°C, leading to decomposition of ONO type in two stages and of ONS type in three stages. The ONO and ONS complexes were decomposed to NiO and NiS respectively. Thermal decomposition of the complexes is closely the depends upon nature of the Schiff base ligands and proceeds via first order kinetics. PMID:22525035

  18. Silver, Gold, Palladium Nanoparticles: Ligand Design, Synthesis and Polymer Composites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iqbal, Muhammad

    Metal nanoparticles, especially gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), have been extensively studied due to their interesting optical properties and potential applications in emerging technologies like drug delivery, cancer therapy, catalysis, chemical and bio-sensing and microelectronics devices. Alkyl thiol ligands in the form of self assembled monolayers are often used to stabilize and functionalize the gold nanoparticles while other types of ligands have been rarely employed and the properties of AuNPs protected by different types of ligands have not been studied comprehensively and comparatively. This dissertation reports the first comparative studies on the thermal and chemical stability of AuNPs protected by alkyl thiolates, alkyl selenolates, dialkyl dithiophosphinates, and dialkyl dithiophosphates (Chapters 2 and 3). AuNPs protected by dialkyl dithiophosphinates and dialkyl dithiophosphates are unprecedented. All AuNPs were prepared from amine protected precursor AuNPs by ligand exchange to ensure similar size, size distribution, and chemical composition. They were extensively characterized by solution 1H-NMR and UV-VIS spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermal analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. For the first time, thermal stability was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) that provided more accurate decomposition temperatures and enthalpies, whereas chemical stability was tested as the availability of the gold surface towards etching with cyanide in different solvents. Surprisingly, alkyl selenolate protected AuNPs are thermally less stable than alkyl thiolate protected AuNPs despite their proposed stronger binding to the gold surface and a much more crystalline monolayer, which suggests that different decomposition mechanisms apply to alkyl thiolate and alkyl selenolate protected AuNPs. Dialkyl dithiophosphinates and dialkyl dithiophosphates protected AuNPs are thermally

  19. Ligand Exchange Governs the Crystal Structures in Binary Nanocrystal Superlattices.

    PubMed

    Wei, Jingjing; Schaeffer, Nicolas; Pileni, Marie-Paule

    2015-11-25

    The surface chemistry in colloidal nanocrystals on the final crystalline structure of binary superlattices produced by self-assembly of two sets of nanocrystals is hereby demonstrated. By mixing nanocrystals having two different sizes and the same coating agent, oleylamine (OAM), the binary nanocrystal superlattices that are produced, such as NaCl, AlB2, NaZn13, and MgZn2, are well in agreement with the crystalline structures predicted by the hard-sphere model, their formation being purely driven by entropic forces. By opposition, when large and small nanocrystals are coated with two different ligands [OAM and dodecanethiol (DDT), respectively] while keeping all other experimental conditions unchanged, the final binary structures markedly change and various structures with lower packing densities, such as Cu3Au, CaB6, and quasicrystals, are observed. This effect of the nanocrystals' coating agents could also be extended to other binary systems, such as Ag-Au and CoFe2O4-Ag supracrystalline binary lattices. In order to understand this effect, a mechanism based on ligand exchange process is proposed. Ligand exchange mechanism is believed to affect the thermodynamics in the formation of binary systems composed of two sets of nanocrystals with different sizes and bearing two different coating agents. Hence, the formation of binary superlattices with lower packing densities may be favored kinetically because the required energetic penalty is smaller than that of a denser structure. PMID:26549642

  20. Design, synthesis and biological studies of efficient multivalent melanotropin ligands: tools towards melanoma diagnosis and treatment

    PubMed Central

    Brabez, Nabila; Lynch, Ronald M.; Xu, Liping; Gillies, Robert J.; Chassaing, Gerard; Lavielle, Solange; Hruby, Victor J.

    2011-01-01

    In order to achieve early detection and specific cancer treatment we propose the use of multivalent interactions in which a series of binding events leads to increased affinity and consequently to selectivity. Using melanotropin (MSH) ligands, our aim is to target melanoma cells, which overexpress melanocortin receptors. In this study, we report the design and efficient synthesis of new trivalent ligands bearing MSH ligands. Evaluation of these multimers on a cell model engineered to overexpress melanocortin 4 receptors (MC4R) showed up to a 350-fold increase in binding compared to the monomer, resulting in a trivalent construct with nanomolar affinity starting from a micromolar affinity ligand. Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) production was also investigated leading to more insights into the effects of multivalent compounds on transduction mechanisms. PMID:21928837

  1. Biferrocene-Based Diphosphine Ligands: Synthesis and Application of Walphos Analogues in Asymmetric Hydrogenations

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    A total of four biferrocene-based Walphos-type ligands have been synthesized, structurally characterized, and tested in the rhodium-, ruthenium- and iridium-catalyzed hydrogenation of alkenes and ketones. Negishi coupling conditions allowed the biferrocene backbone of these diphosphine ligands to be built up diastereoselectively from the two nonidentical and nonracemic ferrocene fragments (R)-1-(N,N-dimethylamino)ethylferrocene and (SFc)-2-bromoiodoferrocene. The molecular structures of (SFc)-2-bromoiodoferrocene, the coupling product, two ligands, and the two complexes ([PdCl2(L)] and [RuCl(p-cymene)(L)]PF6) were determined by X-ray diffraction. The structural features of complexes and the catalysis results obtained with the newly synthesized biferrocene-based ligands were compared with those of the corresponding Walphos ligands. PMID:23457421

  2. Simple phosphinate ligands access zinc clusters identified in the synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles

    PubMed Central

    Pike, Sebastian D.; White, Edward R.; Shaffer, Milo S. P.; Williams, Charlotte K.

    2016-01-01

    The bottom-up synthesis of ligand-stabilized functional nanoparticles from molecular precursors is widely applied but is difficult to study mechanistically. Here we use 31P NMR spectroscopy to follow the trajectory of phosphinate ligands during the synthesis of a range of ligated zinc oxo clusters, containing 4, 6 and 11 zinc atoms. Using an organometallic route, the clusters interconvert rapidly and self-assemble in solution based on thermodynamic equilibria rather than nucleation kinetics. These clusters are also identified in situ during the synthesis of phosphinate-capped zinc oxide nanoparticles. Unexpectedly, the ligand is sequestered to a stable Zn11 cluster during the majority of the synthesis and only becomes coordinated to the nanoparticle surface, in the final step. In addition to a versatile and accessible route to (optionally doped) zinc clusters, the findings provide an understanding of the role of well-defined molecular precursors during the synthesis of small (2–4 nm) nanoparticles. PMID:27734828

  3. Synthesis and transition metal coordination chemistry of a novel hexadentate bispidine ligand.

    PubMed

    Comba, Peter; Rudolf, Henning; Wadepohl, Hubert

    2015-02-14

    Reported is the new bispidine-derived hexadentate ligand (L = 3-(2-methylpyridyl)-7-(bis-2-methylpyridyl)-3,7-diazabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane) with two tertiary amine and four pyridine donor groups. This ligand can form heterodinuclear and mononuclear complexes and, in the mononuclear compounds discussed here, the ligand may coordinate as a pentadentate ligand, with one of the bispyridinemethane-based pyridine groups un- or semi-coordinated, or as a hexadentate ligand, leading to a pentagonal pyramidal coordination geometry or, with an additional monodentate ligand, to a heptacoordinate pentagonal bipyramidal structure. The solution and solid state data presented here indicate that, with the relatively small Cu(II) and high-spin Fe(II) ions the fourth pyridine group is only semi-coordinated for steric reasons and, with the larger high-spin Mn(II) ion genuine heptacoordination is observed but with a relatively large distortion in the pentagonal equatorial plane.

  4. Binding of flexible and constrained ligands to the Grb2 SH2 domain: structural effects of ligand preorganization

    SciTech Connect

    Clements, John H.; DeLorbe, John E.; Benfield, Aaron P.; Martin, Stephen F.

    2010-10-01

    Structures of the Grb2 SH2 domain complexed with a series of flexible and constrained replacements of the phosphotyrosine residue in tripeptides derived from Ac-pYXN (where X = V, I, E and Q) were compared to determine what, if any, structural differences arise as a result of ligand preorganization. Structures of the Grb2 SH2 domain complexed with a series of pseudopeptides containing flexible (benzyl succinate) and constrained (aryl cyclopropanedicarboxylate) replacements of the phosphotyrosine (pY) residue in tripeptides derived from Ac-pYXN-NH{sub 2} (where X = V, I, E and Q) were elucidated by X-ray crystallography. Complexes of flexible/constrained pairs having the same pY + 1 amino acid were analyzed in order to ascertain what structural differences might be attributed to constraining the phosphotyrosine replacement. In this context, a given structural dissimilarity between complexes was considered to be significant if it was greater than the corresponding difference in complexes coexisting within the same asymmetric unit. The backbone atoms of the domain generally adopt a similar conformation and orientation relative to the ligands in the complexes of each flexible/constrained pair, although there are some significant differences in the relative orientations of several loop regions, most notably in the BC loop that forms part of the binding pocket for the phosphate group in the tyrosine replacements. These variations are greater in the set of complexes of constrained ligands than in the set of complexes of flexible ligands. The constrained ligands make more direct polar contacts to the domain than their flexible counterparts, whereas the more flexible ligand of each pair makes more single-water-mediated contacts to the domain; there was no correlation between the total number of protein–ligand contacts and whether the phosphotyrosine replacement of the ligand was preorganized. The observed differences in hydrophobic interactions between the complexes of

  5. Structural and Functional Profiling of Environmental Ligands for Estrogen Receptors

    PubMed Central

    Delfosse, Vanessa; Grimaldi, Marina; Cavaillès, Vincent

    2014-01-01

    Background: Individuals are exposed daily to environmental pollutants that may act as endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), causing a range of developmental, reproductive, metabolic, or neoplastic diseases. With their mostly hydrophobic pocket that serves as a docking site for endogenous and exogenous ligands, nuclear receptors (NRs) can be primary targets of small molecule environmental contaminants. However, most of these compounds are chemically unrelated to natural hormones, so their binding modes and associated hormonal activities are hardly predictable. Objectives: We conducted a correlative analysis of structural and functional data to gain insight into the mechanisms by which 12 members of representative families of pollutants bind to and activate the estrogen receptors ERα and ERβ. Methods: We used a battery of biochemical, structural, biophysical, and cell-based approaches to characterize the interaction between ERs and their environmental ligands. Results: Our study revealed that the chemically diverse compounds bound to ERs via varied sets of protein–ligand interactions, reflecting their differential activities, binding affinities, and specificities. We observed xenoestrogens binding to both ERs—with affinities ranging from subnanomolar to micromolar values—and acting in a subtype-dependent fashion as full agonists or partial agonists/antagonists by using different combinations of the activation functions 1 and 2 of ERα and ERβ. Conclusions: The precise characterization of the interactions between major environmental pollutants and two of their primary biological targets provides rational guidelines for the design of safer chemicals, and will increase the accuracy and usefulness of structure-based computational methods, allowing for activity prediction of chemicals in risk assessment. Citation: Delfosse V, Grimaldi M, Cavaillès V, Balaguer P, Bourguet W. 2014. Structural and functional profiling of environmental ligands for estrogen

  6. Thiophene based europium β-diketonate complexes: effect of the ligand structure on the emission quantum yield.

    PubMed

    Freund, Christelle; Porzio, William; Giovanella, Umberto; Vignali, Francesco; Pasini, Mariacecilia; Destri, Silvia; Mech, Agnieszka; Di Pietro, Sebastiano; Di Bari, Lorenzo; Mineo, Placido

    2011-06-20

    The synthesis and the molecular and photophysical characterization, together with solid state and solution structure analysis, of a series of europium complexes based on β-diketonate ligands are reported. The Eu(III) complex emission, specifically its photoluminescence quantum yield (PL-QY), can be tuned by changing ligands which finely modifies the environment of the metal ion. Steady-state and time-resolved emission spectroscopy and overall PL-QY measurements are reported and related to geometrical features observed in crystal structures of some selected compounds. Moreover, paramagnetic NMR, based on the analogous complexes with other lanthanides, are use to demonstrate that there is a significant structural reorganization upon dissolution, which justifies the observed differences in the emission properties between solid and solution states. The energy of the triplet levels of the ligands and the occurrence of nonradiative deactivation processes clearly account for the luminescence efficiencies of the complexes in the series.

  7. Ligand structure and mechanical properties of single-nanoparticle thick membranes

    SciTech Connect

    Salerno, Kenneth Michael; Bolintineanu, Dan S.; Lane, J. Matthew D.; Grest, Gary S.

    2015-06-16

    We believe that the high mechanical stiffness of single-nanoparticle-thick membranes is the result of the local structure of ligand coatings that mediate interactions between nanoparticles. These ligand structures are not directly observable experimentally. We use molecular dynamics simulations to observe variations in ligand structure and simultaneously measure variations in membrane mechanical properties. We have shown previously that ligand end group has a large impact on ligand structure and membrane mechanical properties. Here we introduce and apply quantitative molecular structure measures to these membranes and extend analysis to multiple nanoparticle core sizes and ligand lengths. Simulations of nanoparticle membranes with a nanoparticle core diameter of 4 or 6 nm, a ligand length of 11 or 17 methylenes, and either carboxyl (COOH) or methyl (CH3) ligand end groups are presented. In carboxyl-terminated ligand systems, structure and interactions are dominated by an end-to-end orientation of ligands. In methyl-terminated ligand systems large ordered ligand structures form, but nanoparticle interactions are dominated by disordered, partially interdigitated ligands. Core size and ligand length also affect both ligand arrangement within the membrane and the membrane's macroscopic mechanical response, but are secondary to the role of the ligand end group. Additionally, the particular end group (COOH or CH3) alters the nature of how ligand length, in turn, affects the membrane properties. The effect of core size does not depend on the ligand end group, with larger cores always leading to stiffer membranes. Asymmetry in the stress and ligand density is observed in membranes during preparation at a water-vapor interface, with the stress asymmetry persisting in all membranes after drying.

  8. Ligand structure and mechanical properties of single-nanoparticle thick membranes

    DOE PAGES

    Salerno, Kenneth Michael; Bolintineanu, Dan S.; Lane, J. Matthew D.; Grest, Gary S.

    2015-06-16

    We believe that the high mechanical stiffness of single-nanoparticle-thick membranes is the result of the local structure of ligand coatings that mediate interactions between nanoparticles. These ligand structures are not directly observable experimentally. We use molecular dynamics simulations to observe variations in ligand structure and simultaneously measure variations in membrane mechanical properties. We have shown previously that ligand end group has a large impact on ligand structure and membrane mechanical properties. Here we introduce and apply quantitative molecular structure measures to these membranes and extend analysis to multiple nanoparticle core sizes and ligand lengths. Simulations of nanoparticle membranes with amore » nanoparticle core diameter of 4 or 6 nm, a ligand length of 11 or 17 methylenes, and either carboxyl (COOH) or methyl (CH3) ligand end groups are presented. In carboxyl-terminated ligand systems, structure and interactions are dominated by an end-to-end orientation of ligands. In methyl-terminated ligand systems large ordered ligand structures form, but nanoparticle interactions are dominated by disordered, partially interdigitated ligands. Core size and ligand length also affect both ligand arrangement within the membrane and the membrane's macroscopic mechanical response, but are secondary to the role of the ligand end group. Additionally, the particular end group (COOH or CH3) alters the nature of how ligand length, in turn, affects the membrane properties. The effect of core size does not depend on the ligand end group, with larger cores always leading to stiffer membranes. Asymmetry in the stress and ligand density is observed in membranes during preparation at a water-vapor interface, with the stress asymmetry persisting in all membranes after drying.« less

  9. Ligand structure and mechanical properties of single-nanoparticle-thick membranes.

    PubMed

    Salerno, K Michael; Bolintineanu, Dan S; Lane, J Matthew D; Grest, Gary S

    2015-06-01

    The high mechanical stiffness of single-nanoparticle-thick membranes is believed to result from the local structure of ligand coatings that mediate interactions between nanoparticles. These ligand structures are not directly observable experimentally. We use molecular dynamics simulations to observe variations in ligand structure and simultaneously measure variations in membrane mechanical properties. We have shown previously that ligand end group has a large impact on ligand structure and membrane mechanical properties. Here we introduce and apply quantitative molecular structure measures to these membranes and extend analysis to multiple nanoparticle core sizes and ligand lengths. Simulations of nanoparticle membranes with a nanoparticle core diameter of 4 or 6 nm, a ligand length of 11 or 17 methylenes, and either carboxyl (COOH) or methyl (CH(3)) ligand end groups are presented. In carboxyl-terminated ligand systems, structure and interactions are dominated by an end-to-end orientation of ligands. In methyl-terminated ligand systems large ordered ligand structures form, but nanoparticle interactions are dominated by disordered, partially interdigitated ligands. Core size and ligand length also affect both ligand arrangement within the membrane and the membrane's macroscopic mechanical response, but are secondary to the role of the ligand end group. Moreover, the particular end group (COOH or CH(3)) alters the nature of how ligand length, in turn, affects the membrane properties. The effect of core size does not depend on the ligand end group, with larger cores always leading to stiffer membranes. Asymmetry in the stress and ligand density is observed in membranes during preparation at a water-vapor interface, with the stress asymmetry persisting in all membranes after drying.

  10. Ligand structure and mechanical properties of single-nanoparticle-thick membranes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salerno, K. Michael; Bolintineanu, Dan S.; Lane, J. Matthew D.; Grest, Gary S.

    2015-06-01

    The high mechanical stiffness of single-nanoparticle-thick membranes is believed to result from the local structure of ligand coatings that mediate interactions between nanoparticles. These ligand structures are not directly observable experimentally. We use molecular dynamics simulations to observe variations in ligand structure and simultaneously measure variations in membrane mechanical properties. We have shown previously that ligand end group has a large impact on ligand structure and membrane mechanical properties. Here we introduce and apply quantitative molecular structure measures to these membranes and extend analysis to multiple nanoparticle core sizes and ligand lengths. Simulations of nanoparticle membranes with a nanoparticle core diameter of 4 or 6 nm, a ligand length of 11 or 17 methylenes, and either carboxyl (COOH) or methyl (CH3) ligand end groups are presented. In carboxyl-terminated ligand systems, structure and interactions are dominated by an end-to-end orientation of ligands. In methyl-terminated ligand systems large ordered ligand structures form, but nanoparticle interactions are dominated by disordered, partially interdigitated ligands. Core size and ligand length also affect both ligand arrangement within the membrane and the membrane's macroscopic mechanical response, but are secondary to the role of the ligand end group. Moreover, the particular end group (COOH or CH3) alters the nature of how ligand length, in turn, affects the membrane properties. The effect of core size does not depend on the ligand end group, with larger cores always leading to stiffer membranes. Asymmetry in the stress and ligand density is observed in membranes during preparation at a water-vapor interface, with the stress asymmetry persisting in all membranes after drying.

  11. Structural model of dioxouranium(VI) with hydrazono ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mubarak, Ahmed T.

    2005-04-01

    Synthesis and characterization of several new coordination compounds of dioxouranium(VI) heterochelates with bidentate hydrazono compounds derived from 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone are described. The ligands and uranayl complexes have been characterized by various physico-chemical techniques. The bond lengths and the force constant have been calculated from asymmetric stretching frequency of O sbnd U sbnd O groups. The infrared spectral studies showed a monobasic bidentate behaviour with the oxygen and hydrazo nitrogen donor system. The effect of Hammett's constant on the bond distances and the force constants were also discussed and drawn. Wilson's matrix method, Badger's formula, Jones and El-Sonbati equations were used to determine the stretching and interaction force constant from which the U sbnd O bond distances were calculated. The bond distances of these complexes were also investigated.

  12. Multi-tasking Schiff base ligand: a new concept of AuNPs synthesis.

    PubMed

    Abad, Jose Maria; Bravo, Iria; Pariente, Felix; Lorenzo, Encarnación

    2016-03-01

    Multi-tasking 3,4-dihydroxysalophen Schiff base tetradentate ligand (3,4-DHS) as reductant, stabilizer, and catalyst in a new concept of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) synthesis is demonstrated. 3,4-DHS is able to reduce HAuCl4 in water, acting also as capping agent for the generation of stable colloidal suspensions of Schiff base ligand-AuNPs assemblies of controlled size by providing a robust coating to AuNPs, within a unique reaction step. Once deposited on carbon electrodes, 3,4-DHS-AuNPs assemblies show a potent electrocatalytic effect towards hydrazine oxidation and hydrogen peroxide oxidation/reduction.

  13. Design of HIV-1 protease inhibitors with pyrrolidinones and oxazolidinones as novel P1'-ligands to enhance backbone-binding interactions with protease: synthesis, biological evaluation, and protein-ligand X-ray studies

    SciTech Connect

    Ghosh, Arun K.; Leshchenko-Yashchuk, Sofiya; Anderson, David D.; Baldridge, Abigail; Noetzel, Marcus; Miller, Heather B.; Tie, Yunfeng; Wang, Yuan-Fang; Koh, Yasuhiro; Weber, Irene T.; Mitsuya, Hiroaki

    2009-09-02

    Structure-based design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of a series of novel HIV-1 protease inhibitors are described. In an effort to enhance interactions with protease backbone atoms, we have incorporated stereochemically defined methyl-2-pyrrolidinone and methyl oxazolidinone as the P1{prime}-ligands. These ligands are designed to interact with Gly-27{prime} carbonyl and Arg-8 side chain in the S1{prime}-subsite of the HIV protease. We have investigated the potential of these ligands in combination with our previously developed bis-tetrahydrofuran (bis-THF) and cyclopentanyltetrahydrofuran (Cp-THF) as the P2-ligands. Inhibitor 19b with a (R)-aminomethyl-2-pyrrolidinone and a Cp-THF was shown to be the most potent compound. This inhibitor maintained near full potency against multi-PI-resistant clinical HIV-1 variants. A high resolution protein-ligand X-ray crystal structure of 19b-bound HIV-1 protease revealed that the P1{prime}-pyrrolidinone heterocycle and the P2-Cp-ligand are involved in several critical interactions with the backbone atoms in the S1{prime} and S2 subsites of HIV-1 protease.

  14. Binding of flexible and constrained ligands to the Grb2 SH2 domain: structural effects of ligand preorganization

    PubMed Central

    Clements, John H.; DeLorbe, John E.; Benfield, Aaron P.; Martin, Stephen F.

    2010-01-01

    Structures of the Grb2 SH2 domain complexed with a series of pseudopeptides containing flexible (benzyl succinate) and constrained (aryl cyclopropanedicarboxylate) replacements of the phosphotyrosine (pY) residue in tripeptides derived from Ac-pYXN-NH2 (where X = V, I, E and Q) were elucidated by X-ray crystallography. Complexes of flexible/constrained pairs having the same pY + 1 amino acid were analyzed in order to ascertain what structural differences might be attributed to constraining the phosphotyrosine replacement. In this context, a given structural dissimilarity between complexes was considered to be significant if it was greater than the corresponding difference in complexes coexisting within the same asymmetric unit. The backbone atoms of the domain generally adopt a similar conformation and orientation relative to the ligands in the complexes of each flexible/constrained pair, although there are some significant differences in the relative orientations of several loop regions, most notably in the BC loop that forms part of the binding pocket for the phosphate group in the tyrosine replacements. These variations are greater in the set of complexes of constrained ligands than in the set of complexes of flexible ligands. The constrained ligands make more direct polar contacts to the domain than their flexible counterparts, whereas the more flexible ligand of each pair makes more single-water-mediated contacts to the domain; there was no correlation between the total number of protein–ligand contacts and whether the phosphotyrosine replacement of the ligand was preorganized. The observed differences in hydrophobic interactions between the complexes of each flexible/constrained ligand pair were generally similar to those observed upon comparing such contacts in coexisting complexes. The average adjusted B factors of the backbone atoms of the domain and loop regions are significantly greater in the complexes of constrained ligands than in the complexes of

  15. Structural and Functional Diversity of Estrogen Receptor Ligands

    PubMed Central

    Farooq, Amjad

    2015-01-01

    Estrogen receptors, comprised of ERα and ERβ isoforms in mammals, act as ligand-modulated transcription factors and orchestrate a plethora of cellular functions from sexual development and reproduction to metabolic homeostasis. Herein, I revisit the structural basis of the binding of ERα to DNA and estradiol in light of the recent discoveries and emerging trends in the field of nuclear receptors. A particular emphasis of this review is on the chemical and structural diversity of an ever-increasing repertoire of physiological, environmental and synthetic ligands of estrogen receptors that ultimately modulate their interactions with cognate DNA located within the promoters of estrogen-responsive genes. In particular, modulation of estrogen receptors by small molecule ligands represents an important therapeutic goal toward the treatment of a wide variety of human pathologies including breast cancer, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis and obesity. Collectively, this article provides an overview of a wide array of small organic and inorganic molecules that can fine-tune the physiological function of estrogen receptors, thereby bearing a direct impact on human health and disease. PMID:25866274

  16. Pyrazinamide drug interacting with Co(III) and Zn(II) metal ions based on 2,2‧-bipyridine and 1,10-phenanthroline ligands: Synthesis, studies and crystal structure, DFT calculations and antibacterial assays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chiniforoshan, Hossein; Radani, Zahra Sadeghian; Tabrizi, Leila; Tavakol, Hossein; Sabzalian, Mohammad R.; Mohammadnezhad, Gholamhossein; Görls, Helmar; Plass, Winfried

    2015-02-01

    Three novel compounds, [Co(PZAH)(bipy)2](ClO4)2 (1), [Zn(PZAH)(bipy)2]ClO4 (2), [Zn(PZAH)(phen)2]ClO4 (3), which PZAH2 = pyrazinamide, bipy = 2,2‧-bipyridine, phen = 1,10-phenanthroline, were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR and electronic absorption spectroscopies. The crystal structure of 1 has been determined in an orthorhombic Pbca space group. The binding modes of the ligands in complex 1 were established by means of molecular modeling of the complex, and calculation of their IR and absorption spectra DFT calculations. The calculated FT-IR and UV-Vis data are in good agreement with the experimental results, and confirmed the experimental one. In addition to DFT calculations of the complex 1, natural bond orbital (NBO) was performed to obtain atomic charges. Biological studies also showed the antibacterial activity of complexes 1-3 against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains.

  17. Synthesis and structure-affinity relationships of new 4-(6-iodo-H-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-2-yl)-N-dimethylbenzeneamine derivatives as ligands for human beta-amyloid plaques.

    PubMed

    Cai, Lisheng; Cuevas, Jessica; Temme, Sebastian; Herman, Mary M; Dagostin, Claudio; Widdowson, David A; Innis, Robert B; Pike, Victor W

    2007-09-20

    A new and extensive set of 4-(6-iodo-H-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-2-yl)-N-dimethylbenzeneamine (IMPY) derivatives was synthesized and assayed for affinity toward human Abeta plaques. 6-Ethylthio- (12h), 6-cyano- (12e), 6-nitro- (12f), and 6-p-methoxybenzylthio- (15d) analogues were discovered to have high affinity (KI < 10 nM). However, introduction of a hydrophilic thioether group in the 6-position (15a-c, 15e-g) reduced or abolished affinity. In secondary N-methyl analogues, a bromo substituent in the adjacent ring position (14a) imparted high affinity (KI = 7.4 nM) whereas a methyl substituent did not (14c). The tolerance for nonhydrophilic thioether substituents in the 6-position opens up the possibility of developing new sensitive positron emission tomography radioligands for imaging human Abeta plaques in Alzheimer's disease, especially in view of the amenability of thioethers to be labeled with carbon-11 or fluorine-18 through S-alkylation reactions. The structure-activity relationships revealed in this study extends insight into the topography of the binding site for IMPY-like ligands in human Abeta plaques. PMID:17722900

  18. Synthesis, electrochemistry, and spectroscopic properties of six-coordinate monooxomolybdenum(VI) complexes containing tridentate Schiff base and bidentate catecholate ligands. Crystal and molecular structure of (N-salicylidene-2-aminophenolato)(naphthalene-2,3-diolato)oxomolybdenum(VI)

    SciTech Connect

    Mondal, J.U.; Schultz, F.A.; Brennan, T.D.; Scheidt, W.R.

    1988-11-02

    Six-coordinate monooxomolybdenum(VI) complexes, MoO(cat)(Sap), where Sap/sup 2 -/ = the Schiff base dianion N-salicylidene-2-aminophenolate and cat/sup 2 -/ = catecholate Cat/sup 2 -/, naphthalene-2,3-diolate (Naphcat/sup 2 -/), or 3,5-di-tert-butylcatecholate (DTBcat/sup 2 -/), are prepared by reacting the Mo(VI) dimer. (MoO/sub 2/(Sap))/sub 2/, with the appropriate catechol. The products are characterized by cyclic voltammetry, mass spectrometry, and uv/vis, ir, and /sup 95/Mo NMR spectroscopy. The MoO(cat)(Sap) complexes represent the first examples of a mononuclear MoO/sup 4 +/ center with a coordination number of six. The crystal structure of the MoO-(Naphcat)(Sap) derivative is reported, confirming the six-coordinate, distorted octahedrla environment about Mo(VI). Bond angles in the coordination group deviate from the ideal value of 90/degrees/ as a consequence of the ligand bite constraints and because all four O-Mo-O angles involving the terminal oxo ligand are larger than the ideal 90/degrees/ value. MoO(cat)(Sap) complexes undergo reversible one-electronic reduction at -0.5 to -0.7 V versus Fc /sup +/0/ followed by irreversible one-electron reduction at -1.6 to -1.9 V. Reversible MoO/sup 4 +//MoO/sup 3 +/ electrochemistry is attributed to the fact that the Mo d/sub xy/orbital of MoO(cat)(Sap) can be singly occupied upon reduction to Mo(V) without unfavorable interaction with the four bonds in its equatorial plane. This contrasts with the irreversible electrochemical behavior of seven-coordinate MoO/sup 4 +/ complexes, which contain five such bonds. The /sup 95/Mo NMR chemical shift of MoO(Naphcat)(Sap) is +385 ppM versus external molybdate; this value is highly deshielded with respect to seven-coordinate MoO/sup 4 +/ and six-coordinate MoO/sub 2//sup 2 +/ complexes with O and N donors. 35 references, 4 figures, 5 tables.

  19. Rational design and asymmetric synthesis of potent and neurotrophic ligands for FK506-binding proteins (FKBPs).

    PubMed

    Pomplun, Sebastian; Wang, Yansong; Kirschner, Alexander; Kozany, Christian; Bracher, Andreas; Hausch, Felix

    2015-01-01

    To create highly efficient inhibitors for FK506-binding proteins, a new asymmetric synthesis for pro-(S)-C(5) -branched [4.3.1] aza-amide bicycles was developed. The key step of the synthesis is an HF-driven N-acyliminium cyclization. Functionalization of the C(5)  moiety resulted in novel protein contacts with the psychiatric risk factor FKBP51, which led to a more than 280-fold enhancement in affinity. The most potent ligands facilitated the differentiation of N2a neuroblastoma cells with low nanomolar potency.

  20. Synthesis and biological activity of novel small peptides with aminophosphonates moiety as NOP receptor ligands.

    PubMed

    Naydenova, Emilia D; Todorov, Petar T; Mateeva, Polina I; Zamfirova, Rositza N; Pavlov, Nikola D; Todorov, Simeon B

    2010-11-01

    The aim of the present study was the synthesis and the biological screening of new analogs of Ac-RYYRWK-NH2, modified at the N-terminal with 1-[(methoxyphosphono)methylamino]cycloalkanecarboxylic acids. The four newly synthesized ligands for the nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) receptor (NOP) have been prepared by solid-phase peptide synthesis--Fmoc-strategy. These compounds were tested for agonistic activity in vitro on electrically stimulated smooth-muscle preparations isolated from vas deferens of Wistar rats. Our data showed that substitution of Arg at position 1 with aminophosphonates moiety decreased significantly the affinity of ligands to the NOP receptor. Furthermore, the enlargement of the cycle (with 5-8 carbon atoms) additionally diminished both the activity and the selectivity for NOP-receptor.

  1. Ligands for FKBP12 Increase Ca2+ Influx and Protein Synthesis to Improve Skeletal Muscle Function*

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Chang Seok; Georgiou, Dimitra K.; Dagnino-Acosta, Adan; Xu, Jianjun; Ismailov, Iskander I.; Knoblauch, Mark; Monroe, Tanner O.; Ji, RuiRui; Hanna, Amy D.; Joshi, Aditya D.; Long, Cheng; Oakes, Joshua; Tran, Ted; Corona, Benjamin T.; Lorca, Sabina; Ingalls, Christopher P.; Narkar, Vihang A.; Lanner, Johanna T.; Bayle, J. Henri; Durham, William J.; Hamilton, Susan L.

    2014-01-01

    Rapamycin at high doses (2–10 mg/kg body weight) inhibits mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) and protein synthesis in mice. In contrast, low doses of rapamycin (10 μg/kg) increase mTORC1 activity and protein synthesis in skeletal muscle. Similar changes are found with SLF (synthetic ligand for FKBP12, which does not inhibit mTORC1) and in mice with a skeletal muscle-specific FKBP12 deficiency. These interventions also increase Ca2+ influx to enhance refilling of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ stores, slow muscle fatigue, and increase running endurance without negatively impacting cardiac function. FKBP12 deficiency or longer treatments with low dose rapamycin or SLF increase the percentage of type I fibers, further adding to fatigue resistance. We demonstrate that FKBP12 and its ligands impact multiple aspects of muscle function. PMID:25053409

  2. PDEStrIAn: A Phosphodiesterase Structure and Ligand Interaction Annotated Database As a Tool for Structure-Based Drug Design.

    PubMed

    Jansen, Chimed; Kooistra, Albert J; Kanev, Georgi K; Leurs, Rob; de Esch, Iwan J P; de Graaf, Chris

    2016-08-11

    A systematic analysis is presented of the 220 phosphodiesterase (PDE) catalytic domain crystal structures present in the Protein Data Bank (PDB) with a focus on PDE-ligand interactions. The consistent structural alignment of 57 PDE ligand binding site residues enables the systematic analysis of PDE-ligand interaction fingerprints (IFPs), the identification of subtype-specific PDE-ligand interaction features, and the classification of ligands according to their binding modes. We illustrate how systematic mining of this phosphodiesterase structure and ligand interaction annotated (PDEStrIAn) database provides new insights into how conserved and selective PDE interaction hot spots can accommodate the large diversity of chemical scaffolds in PDE ligands. A substructure analysis of the cocrystallized PDE ligands in combination with those in the ChEMBL database provides a toolbox for scaffold hopping and ligand design. These analyses lead to an improved understanding of the structural requirements of PDE binding that will be useful in future drug discovery studies.

  3. A Boron-Fluorinated Tris(pyrazolyl)borate Ligand ((F) Tp*) and Its Mono- and Dinuclear Copper Complexes [Cu((F) Tp*)2 ] and [Cu2 ((F) Tp*)2 ]: Synthesis, Structures, and DFT Calculations.

    PubMed

    Augenstein, Timo; Dorner, Franziska; Reiter, Kevin; Wagner, Hanna E; Garnier, Delphine; Klopper, Wim; Breher, Frank

    2016-06-01

    Reaction of [Si(3,5-Me2 pz)4 ] (1) with [Cu(MeCN)4 ][BF4 ] (2) gave the mono- and dinuclear copper complexes [Cu2 ((F) Tp*)2 ] (3) and [Cu((F) Tp*)2 ] (4). Both complexes contain the so-far unprecedented boron-fluorinated (F) Tp* ligand ([FB(3,5-Me2 pz)3 ](-) with pz=pyrazolyl) originating from 1, acting as a pyrazolyl transfer reagent, and the [BF4 ](-) counter anion of 2, serving as the source of the {BF} entity. The solid-state structures as well as the NMR and EPR spectroscopic characteristics of the complexes were elaborated. Pulsed gradient spin echo (PGSE) experiments revealed that 3 retains (almost entirely) its dimeric structure in benzene, whereas dimer cleavage and formation of acetonitrile adducts, presumably [Cu((F) Tp*)(MeCN)], is observed in acetonitrile. The short Cu⋅⋅⋅Cu distance of 269.16 pm in the solid-state is predicted by DFT calculations to be dictated by dispersion interactions between all atoms in the complex (the Cu-Cu dispersion contribution itself is only very small). As revealed by cyclic voltammetry studies, 3 shows an irreversible (almost quasi-reversible at higher scan rates) oxidation process centred at E(pa) =-0.23 V (E(0) 1/2 =-0.27 V) (vs. Fc/Fc(+) ). Oxidation reactions on a preparative scale with one equivalent of the ferrocenium salt [Fc][BF4 ] (very slow reaction) or air (fast reaction) furnished blue crystals of the mononuclear copper(II) complex [Cu((F) Tp*)2 ] (4). As expected for a Jahn-Teller-active system, the coordination sphere around copper(II) is strongly distorted towards a stretched octahedron, in accordance with EPR spectroscopic findings. PMID:27106294

  4. Structure and function of epigen, the last EGFR ligand

    PubMed Central

    Schneider, Marlon R.; Yarden, Yosef

    2014-01-01

    Epigen is the latest addition to the mammalian family of EGFR ligands. Epigen was initially identified as a novel expressed sequence tag with homology to the EGF family by high throughput sequencing of a mouse keratinocyte complementary DNA library, and received its name for its ability to act as an epithelial mitogen. In vitro studies attributed to epigen several unique features, such as persistent and potent biological actions involving low affinity receptor binding, as well as sub-maximal receptor activation and inactivation. Similarly to the other EGFR ligands, the expression of epigen is up-regulated by hormones and in certain cancer types. While the biological functions of epigen remain to be uncovered, it appears to play a role in epidermal structures, such as the mammary gland and the sebaceous gland. The latter organ, in particular, was greatly enlarged in transgenic mice overexpressing epigen. Interestingly, mice lacking epigen develop and grow normally, probably due to functional compensation by other EGFR ligands. Future studies are likely to reveal the biological roles of the unique receptor binding properties of epigen, as well as its potential harnessing during disease. PMID:24374012

  5. Quaternary Cu2ZnSnS4 quantum dot-sensitized solar cells: Synthesis, passivation and ligand exchange

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bai, Bing; Kou, Dongxing; Zhou, Wenhui; Zhou, Zhengji; Tian, Qingwen; Meng, Yuena; Wu, Sixin

    2016-06-01

    The quaternary Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) QDs had been successfully introduced into quantum dot-sensitized solar cells (QDSC) via hydrolysis approach in our previous work [Green Chem. 2015, vol. 17, p. 4377], but the obtained cell efficiency was still limited by low open-circuit voltage and fill factor. Herein, we use 1-dodecanethiol (DDT) as capping ligand for fairly small-sized CZTS QDs synthesis to improve their intrinsic properties. Since this strong bonded capping ligand can not be replaced by 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) directly, the nature cation (Cu, Zn or Sn)-DDT units of QDs are first exchanged by the preconjugated Cd-oleate via successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) procedure accompanied with the formation of a core/shell structure. The weak bonded oleic acid (OA) can be finally replaced by MPA and the constructed water soluble CZTS/CdSe QDSC achieves an impressive conversion efficiency of 4.70%. The electron transport and recombination dynamic processes are confirmed by intensity-modulated photocurrent spectroscopy (IMPS)/intensity-modulated photovoltage spectroscopy (IMVS) measurements. It is found that the removal of long alkyl chain is conducive to improve the electron transport process and the type-II core/shell structure is beneficial to accelerate electron transport and retard charge recombination. This effective ligand removal strategy is proved to be more convenient for the applying of quaternary QDs in QDSC and would boost a more powerful efficiency in the future work.

  6. Synthesis, Characterization, and Reactivity Studies of Iron Complexes Supported by the Redox-Active [ONO] Ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wong, Janice Lin

    The work reported herein primarily focuses on the development of new platforms for multi-electron reactivity using iron complexes supported by a redox-active pincer-type ligand. This dissertation details the synthesis, characterization, and reactivity of iron complexes coordinated to the redox-active [ONO] ([ONO]H3 = bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-2-phenol)amine) ligand. Chapter 1 provides a general background on ligand-centered and metal-centered redox reactivity. Specifically, the characteristics of redox-active ligands and their ability to promote multi-electron reactivity at redox-inert metal centers is presented. In addition, iron-catalyzed organic transformations in which the metal center undergoes redox changes is also discussed. Finally, ligand-enabled redox reactions mediated by iron complexes containing redox-active ligands is described. Chapter 2 reports on the complexation of bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-2-phenoxy)amine, [ONHO], and the redox-active [ONO] ligands by iron centers to afford a new family of iron complexes. Characterizations of each compound through a battery of analytical techniques reveal the oxidation states of the metal center and ligand. Furthermore, the electronic properties of each complex were investigated in order to evaluate their potential to facilitate multi-electron reactivity. Chapter 3 details the reactivity of the [ONO]Fe platform. Metathesis reactions are conducted with [ONOq]FeIIIX 2 (X = Cl, N[SiMe3]2) complexes, demonstrating the capability of the fully-oxidized [ONOq]1-- to act as a two-electron acceptor to generate the fully reduced [ONO cat]3-- that is coordinated to an iron(III) center. Similarly, oxidation of [ONOcat]FeIII(py) 3 (py = pyridine) using dihalogens result in two-electron oxidations of the tridentate ligand while the metal oxidation state remains the same. These redox reactions showcase the ability of the [ONO] ligand platform to undergo reversible two-electron oxidation state changes, allowing multi-electron reactivity

  7. Modification of protein structure and function using photoactivated porphyrin ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moreno, Gabriel

    2015-03-01

    The tremendous advances in genomic research have sparked an interest in investigating the possibility to ``manipulate'' the structure of proteins that modify existing functionality. This study makes use of small molecules (e.g., porphyrins) to photosensitize proteins and modify the higher order structure of the polypeptide with the goal of engineering novel functions, or affecting/eliminating native functions. The irradiation of non-covalently bound ligands prompts charge transfer events that have the potential to locally modify the structure of the host protein. The characterization of photoinduced conformational changes in the protein/porphyrin complex is carried out using a combination of electronic spectroscopy and kinetics (e.g., fluorescence spectroscopy, fluorescence decay, circular dichroism). This study is focused primarily on human serum albumin (HSA) as a model. The structure of HSA is well established, the binding sites for an array of ligands are well characterized (including one for protoporphyrins), and HSA provides a series of functions (including some allosteric activity) that can be tested.

  8. Photochemical Synthesis and Ligand Exchange Reactions of Ru(CO)[subscript 4] (Eta[superscript 2]-Alkene) Compounds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooke, Jason; Berry, David E.; Fawkes, Kelli L.

    2007-01-01

    The photochemical synthesis and subsequent ligand exchange reactions of Ru(CO)[subscript 4] (eta[superscript2]-alkene) compounds has provided a novel experiment for upper-level inorganic chemistry laboratory courses. The experiment is designed to provide a system in which the changing electronic properties of the alkene ligands could be easily…

  9. Synthesis and characterization of boron-containing ferrocenyl ligands for asymmetric catalysis

    SciTech Connect

    Kimmich, B.F.M.; Landis, C.R.; Powell, D.R.

    1996-10-01

    Novel boronato-functionalized ferrocenylphosphine ligands 3a-c have been synthesized from (S,R)-1,1`-bis(diphenylphosphino)-2- [1((1-hydroxy-2-phenyl)amino)ethyl]-ferrocene (2). These ligands form stable ligand-metal adducts with Rh(I) complexes that are catalytically active in hydrogenation and hydroformylation reactions. The square-planar metal complex Pt(2)(Me)I exhibits a structure that appears well-suited to support secondary interactions between the Lewis acidic boron functionality and Lewis basic sites of functionalized, coordinated alkenes. 20 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

  10. The Effects of Magnesium Ions on the Enzymatic Synthesis of Ligand-Bearing Artificial DNA by Template-Independent Polymerase.

    PubMed

    Takezawa, Yusuke; Kobayashi, Teruki; Shionoya, Mitsuhiko

    2016-01-01

    A metal-mediated base pair, composed of two ligand-bearing nucleotides and a bridging metal ion, is one of the most promising components for developing DNA-based functional molecules. We have recently reported an enzymatic method to synthesize hydroxypyridone (H)-type ligand-bearing artificial DNA strands. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT), a template-independent DNA polymerase, was found to oligomerize H nucleotides to afford ligand-bearing DNAs, which were subsequently hybridized through copper-mediated base pairing (H-Cu(II)-H). In this study, we investigated the effects of a metal cofactor, Mg(II) ion, on the TdT-catalyzed polymerization of H nucleotides. At a high Mg(II) concentration (10 mM), the reaction was halted after several H nucleotides were appended. In contrast, at lower Mg(II) concentrations, H nucleotides were further appended to the H-tailed product to afford longer ligand-bearing DNA strands. An electrophoresis mobility shift assay revealed that the binding affinity of TdT to the H-tailed DNAs depends on the Mg(II) concentration. In the presence of excess Mg(II) ions, TdT did not bind to the H-tailed strands; thus, further elongation was impeded. This is possibly because the interaction with Mg(II) ions caused folding of the H-tailed strands into unfavorable secondary structures. This finding provides an insight into the enzymatic synthesis of longer ligand-bearing DNA strands. PMID:27338351

  11. The Effects of Magnesium Ions on the Enzymatic Synthesis of Ligand-Bearing Artificial DNA by Template-Independent Polymerase

    PubMed Central

    Takezawa, Yusuke; Kobayashi, Teruki; Shionoya, Mitsuhiko

    2016-01-01

    A metal-mediated base pair, composed of two ligand-bearing nucleotides and a bridging metal ion, is one of the most promising components for developing DNA-based functional molecules. We have recently reported an enzymatic method to synthesize hydroxypyridone (H)-type ligand-bearing artificial DNA strands. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT), a template-independent DNA polymerase, was found to oligomerize H nucleotides to afford ligand-bearing DNAs, which were subsequently hybridized through copper-mediated base pairing (H–CuII–H). In this study, we investigated the effects of a metal cofactor, MgII ion, on the TdT-catalyzed polymerization of H nucleotides. At a high MgII concentration (10 mM), the reaction was halted after several H nucleotides were appended. In contrast, at lower MgII concentrations, H nucleotides were further appended to the H-tailed product to afford longer ligand-bearing DNA strands. An electrophoresis mobility shift assay revealed that the binding affinity of TdT to the H-tailed DNAs depends on the MgII concentration. In the presence of excess MgII ions, TdT did not bind to the H-tailed strands; thus, further elongation was impeded. This is possibly because the interaction with MgII ions caused folding of the H-tailed strands into unfavorable secondary structures. This finding provides an insight into the enzymatic synthesis of longer ligand-bearing DNA strands. PMID:27338351

  12. Synthesis, spectral and electrochemical studies of binuclear Ru(III) complexes containing dithiosemicarbazone ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kanchana Devi, A.; Ramesh, R.

    2014-01-01

    Synthesis of several new octahedral binuclear ruthenium(III) complexes of the general composition [(EPh3)2(X)Ru-L-Ru(X)(EPh3)2] containing benzene dithiosemicarbazone ligands (where E = P or As; X = Cl or Br; L = binucleating ligands) is presented. All the complexes have been fully characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, UV-vis and EPR spectroscopy together with magnetic susceptibility measurements. IR study shows that the dithiosemicarbazone ligands behave as dianionic tridentate ligands coordinating through the oxygen atom of the deprotonated phenolic group, nitrogen atom of the azomethine group and thiolate sulphur. In DMF solution, all the complexes exhibit intense d-d transition and ligand-to-metal charge transfer (LMCT) transition in the visible region. The magnetic moment values of the complexes are in the range 1.78-1.82 BM, which reveals the presence of one unpaired electron on each metal ion. The EPR spectra of the liquid samples at LNT show the presence of three different 'g' values (gx ≠ gy ≠ gz) indicate a rhombic distortion around the ruthenium ion. All the complexes exhibit two quasi-reversible one electron oxidation responses (RuIII-RuIII/RuIII-RuIV; RuIII-RuIV/RuIV-RuIV) within the E1/2 range of 0.61-0.74 V and 0.93-0.98 V respectively, versus Ag/AgCl.

  13. A novel copper(II) complex constructed with mixed ligands of biphenyl-4,4'-dicarboxylic acid (H 2bpdc) and dipyrido[3,2-d:2',3'-f]quinoxaline (Dpq): Synthesis, structure, electrochemistry and electrocatalysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, HongYan; Wang, XiuLi; Hu, HaiLiang; Chen, BaoKuan; Liu, GuoCheng

    2009-03-01

    A novel metal-organic framework [Cu 2(bpdc) 2(Dpq) 2(H 2O)]·H 2O ( 1) has been obtained from hydrothermal reaction of copper chloride with the mixed ligands [biphenyl-4,4'-dicarboxylic acid (H 2bpdc) and dipyrido[3,2-d:2',3'-f]quinoxaline (Dpq)], and structurally characterized by elemental analysis, IR, TG and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The unique feature is that there simultaneously exist two kinds of one-dimensional (1-D) zigzag polymeric chains in complex 1. Moreover, the 1-D polymeric chains are ultimately packed into a three-dimensional (3-D) supramolecular framework through two different hydrogen bonding interactions. The adjacent different chains are linked by C-H⋯O hydrogen bonding interactions, and the same kind chains are further connected through C-H⋯π stacking interactions. Additionally, the complex 1 was used as solid bulk-modifier to fabricate renewable carbon paste electrode (Cu-CPE) by the direct mixing method. The electrochemical behavior and electrocatalysis of Cu-CPE have been studied in detail. The results indicate that Cu-CPE give one-electron quasi-reversible redox waves in potential range of 400 to -300 mV due to the metal copper ion Cu(II)/Cu(I). The Cu-CPE showed good electrocatalytic activity toward the reduction of the bromate, nitrite and hydrogen peroxide. The electrocatalytic reduction peak currents of KBrO 3, KNO 2 and H 2O 2 showed a linear dependence on their concentrations. All of the results revealed that the Cu-CPE had a good reproducibility, remarkable long-term stability and especially good surface renewability by simple mechanical polishing in the event of surface fouling, which is important for practical application.

  14. Synthesis and crystal structure of new dicopper(II) complexes with N,N'-bis-(dipropylenetriamine)oxamide as bridging ligand: effects of the counterions on DNA/protein-binding property and in vitro antitumor activity.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Feng-Jia; Zhao, Hong-Qin; Liu, Fang; Li, Yan-Tuan; Wu, Zhi-Yong; Yan, Cui-Wei

    2015-02-01

    Two new dicopper(II) complexes bridged by N,N'-bis(dipropylenetriamine)oxamide (H2oxdipn), namely, [Cu2(oxdipn)](pic)2(1) and [Cu2(oxdipn)(ClO4)2] (2), where pic represents picrate ion, have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, molar conductance measurements, IR and electronic spectral studies, and X-ray single crystal diffraction. In both dicopper(II) complexes, the two copper(II) ions are bridged by trans-oxdipn ligand with the Cu⋯Cu separations of 5.2536(15) and 5.231(2)Å, respectively. The copper(II) ion in complex 1 has a square-planar coordination geometry, while that in 2, a square-pyramidal. Linked with classical hydrogen bonds, the molecules of complex 1 consist of a one-dimensional chain, while complex 2 molecules result in a two-dimensional structure. Numerous hydrogen bonds link complex 1 or 2 into a 2-D infinite network. In vitro cytotoxicity experiment shows that the two dicopper(II) complexes exhibit cytotoxic effects against the selected tumor cell lines. The reactivity towards herring sperm DNA (HS-DNA) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) reveals that the two dicopper(II) complexes can interact with the DNA in the mode of intercalation, and effectively quench the intrinsic fluorescence of BSA via a static mechanism. The influence of different counterions in this kind of dicopper(II) complexes on DNA/BSA-binding properties, and the in vitro cytotoxic activities was investigated.

  15. A novel thermally stable hydroperoxo-copper(II) complex in a Cu(N2O2) chromophore of a potential N4O2 donor Schiff base ligand: synthesis, structure and catalytic studies.

    PubMed

    Biswas, Surajit; Dutta, Arpan; Debnath, Mainak; Dolai, Malay; Das, Kalyan K; Ali, Mahammad

    2013-09-28

    The generation and study of metal-hydroperoxo/metal-peroxo (LCu(II)-OOH or LCu(II)-OO˙) complexes is a fascinating area of research of many chemical and biochemical researchers, because of their involvement as active intermediates in many biological and industrial catalytic oxidation processes. For this purpose we have designed a bulky hexa-coordinating ligand with potential N4O2 donor atoms which could provide an opportunity to synthesize a mononuclear Cu(II) complex with an aim to utilize it in the catalytic oxidation of aromatic hydrocarbons by an environmentally benign oxidant, H2O2. The Cu(II) complex (1) was structurally characterized and found to have square-planar geometry with the two pyrazolyl groups remaining in dangling mode. A novel mononuclear complex [Et3NH][LCu(II)-OOH] (2) was found to form in the reaction between 1 and H2O2 in the presence of Et3N. The presence of this dangling groups favours the stability of hydroperoxo species, [LCu-OOH](-) (2) through H-bonding with the coordinated phenoxo oxygen atom, which was confirmed by ESI-MS(+) and MS(-) (m/z) mass analysis and DFT calculations. This complex was found to be thermally stable at room temperature [k(d) = (5.67 ± 0.03) × 10(-5) s(-1) at 25 °C] and may be due to the formation of O-O-H···O(phenoxo) H-bonding as delineated by the DFT calculations. Complex 1 was found to be an efficient catalyst for the oxidation of aromatic hydrocarbons to the corresponding aldehyde and alcohol in 2:1 mole ratio with TON ~300. PMID:23884097

  16. TSPO Ligand-Methotrexate Prodrug Conjugates: Design, Synthesis, and Biological Evaluation

    PubMed Central

    Laquintana, Valentino; Denora, Nunzio; Cutrignelli, Annalisa; Perrone, Mara; Iacobazzi, Rosa Maria; Annese, Cosimo; Lopalco, Antonio; Lopedota, Angela Assunta; Franco, Massimo

    2016-01-01

    The 18-kDa translocator protein (TSPO) is a potential mitochondrial target for drug delivery to tumors overexpressing TSPO, including brain cancers, and selective TSPO ligands have been successfully used to selectively deliver drugs into the target. Methotrexate (MTX) is an anticancer drug of choice for the treatment of several cancers, but its permeability through the blood brain barrier (BBB) is poor, making it unsuitable for the treatment of brain tumors. Therefore, in this study, MTX was selected to achieve two TSPO ligand-MTX conjugates (TSPO ligand α-MTX and TSPO ligand γ-MTX), potentially useful for the treatment of TSPO-rich cancers, including brain tumors. In this work, we have presented the synthesis, the physicochemical characterizations, as well as the in vitro stabilities of the new TSPO ligand-MTX conjugates. The binding affinity for TSPO and the selectivity versus central-type benzodiazepine receptor (CBR) was also investigated. The cytotoxicity of prepared conjugates was evaluated on MTX-sensitive human and rat glioma cell lines overexpressing TSPO. The estimated coefficients of lipophilicity and the stability studies of the conjugates confirm that the synthesized molecules are stable enough in buffer solution at pH 7.4, as well in physiological medium, and show an increased lipophilicity compared to the MTX, compatible with a likely ability to cross the blood brain barrier. The latter feature of two TSPO ligand-MTX conjugates was also confirmed by in vitro permeability studies conducted on Madin-Darby canine kidney cells transfected with the human MDR1 gene (MDCK-MDR1) monolayers. TSPO ligand-MTX conjugates have shown to possess a high binding affinity for TSPO, with IC50 values ranging from 7.2 to 40.3 nM, and exhibited marked toxicity against glioma cells overexpressing TSPO, in comparison with the parent drug MTX. PMID:27322261

  17. TSPO Ligand-Methotrexate Prodrug Conjugates: Design, Synthesis, and Biological Evaluation.

    PubMed

    Laquintana, Valentino; Denora, Nunzio; Cutrignelli, Annalisa; Perrone, Mara; Iacobazzi, Rosa Maria; Annese, Cosimo; Lopalco, Antonio; Lopedota, Angela Assunta; Franco, Massimo

    2016-01-01

    The 18-kDa translocator protein (TSPO) is a potential mitochondrial target for drug delivery to tumors overexpressing TSPO, including brain cancers, and selective TSPO ligands have been successfully used to selectively deliver drugs into the target. Methotrexate (MTX) is an anticancer drug of choice for the treatment of several cancers, but its permeability through the blood brain barrier (BBB) is poor, making it unsuitable for the treatment of brain tumors. Therefore, in this study, MTX was selected to achieve two TSPO ligand-MTX conjugates (TSPO ligand α-MTX and TSPO ligand γ-MTX), potentially useful for the treatment of TSPO-rich cancers, including brain tumors. In this work, we have presented the synthesis, the physicochemical characterizations, as well as the in vitro stabilities of the new TSPO ligand-MTX conjugates. The binding affinity for TSPO and the selectivity versus central-type benzodiazepine receptor (CBR) was also investigated. The cytotoxicity of prepared conjugates was evaluated on MTX-sensitive human and rat glioma cell lines overexpressing TSPO. The estimated coefficients of lipophilicity and the stability studies of the conjugates confirm that the synthesized molecules are stable enough in buffer solution at pH 7.4, as well in physiological medium, and show an increased lipophilicity compared to the MTX, compatible with a likely ability to cross the blood brain barrier. The latter feature of two TSPO ligand-MTX conjugates was also confirmed by in vitro permeability studies conducted on Madin-Darby canine kidney cells transfected with the human MDR1 gene (MDCK-MDR1) monolayers. TSPO ligand-MTX conjugates have shown to possess a high binding affinity for TSPO, with IC50 values ranging from 7.2 to 40.3 nM, and exhibited marked toxicity against glioma cells overexpressing TSPO, in comparison with the parent drug MTX. PMID:27322261

  18. TSPO Ligand-Methotrexate Prodrug Conjugates: Design, Synthesis, and Biological Evaluation.

    PubMed

    Laquintana, Valentino; Denora, Nunzio; Cutrignelli, Annalisa; Perrone, Mara; Iacobazzi, Rosa Maria; Annese, Cosimo; Lopalco, Antonio; Lopedota, Angela Assunta; Franco, Massimo

    2016-06-18

    The 18-kDa translocator protein (TSPO) is a potential mitochondrial target for drug delivery to tumors overexpressing TSPO, including brain cancers, and selective TSPO ligands have been successfully used to selectively deliver drugs into the target. Methotrexate (MTX) is an anticancer drug of choice for the treatment of several cancers, but its permeability through the blood brain barrier (BBB) is poor, making it unsuitable for the treatment of brain tumors. Therefore, in this study, MTX was selected to achieve two TSPO ligand-MTX conjugates (TSPO ligand α-MTX and TSPO ligand γ-MTX), potentially useful for the treatment of TSPO-rich cancers, including brain tumors. In this work, we have presented the synthesis, the physicochemical characterizations, as well as the in vitro stabilities of the new TSPO ligand-MTX conjugates. The binding affinity for TSPO and the selectivity versus central-type benzodiazepine receptor (CBR) was also investigated. The cytotoxicity of prepared conjugates was evaluated on MTX-sensitive human and rat glioma cell lines overexpressing TSPO. The estimated coefficients of lipophilicity and the stability studies of the conjugates confirm that the synthesized molecules are stable enough in buffer solution at pH 7.4, as well in physiological medium, and show an increased lipophilicity compared to the MTX, compatible with a likely ability to cross the blood brain barrier. The latter feature of two TSPO ligand-MTX conjugates was also confirmed by in vitro permeability studies conducted on Madin-Darby canine kidney cells transfected with the human MDR1 gene (MDCK-MDR1) monolayers. TSPO ligand-MTX conjugates have shown to possess a high binding affinity for TSPO, with IC50 values ranging from 7.2 to 40.3 nM, and exhibited marked toxicity against glioma cells overexpressing TSPO, in comparison with the parent drug MTX.

  19. Synthesis, characterization and optical properties of low nuclearity liganded silver clusters: Ag31(SG)19 and Ag15(SG)11

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bertorelle, Franck; Hamouda, Ramzi; Rayane, Driss; Broyer, Michel; Antoine, Rodolphe; Dugourd, Philippe; Gell, Lars; Kulesza, Alexander; MitrićPresent Address: Institut Für Physikalische Und Theoretische Chemie, Julius-Maximilians Universität Würzburg, Emil-Fischer-Straße 42, 97074 Würzburg, Germany, Roland; Bonačić-Koutecký, Vlasta

    2013-05-01

    We report a simple synthesis of silver:glutathione (Ag:SG) clusters using a cyclic reduction under oxidative conditions. Two syntheses are described which lead to solutions containing well-defined Ag31(SG)19 and Ag15(SG)11 clusters that have been characterized by mass spectrometry. The optical properties of silver:glutathione (Ag:SG) cluster solutions have been investigated experimentally. In particular, the solution containing Ag15(SG)11 clusters shows a bright and photostable emission. For Ag31(SG)19 and Ag15(SG)11 clusters, the comparison of experimental findings with DFT and TDDFT calculations allowed us to reveal the structural and electronic properties of such low nuclearity liganded silver clusters.We report a simple synthesis of silver:glutathione (Ag:SG) clusters using a cyclic reduction under oxidative conditions. Two syntheses are described which lead to solutions containing well-defined Ag31(SG)19 and Ag15(SG)11 clusters that have been characterized by mass spectrometry. The optical properties of silver:glutathione (Ag:SG) cluster solutions have been investigated experimentally. In particular, the solution containing Ag15(SG)11 clusters shows a bright and photostable emission. For Ag31(SG)19 and Ag15(SG)11 clusters, the comparison of experimental findings with DFT and TDDFT calculations allowed us to reveal the structural and electronic properties of such low nuclearity liganded silver clusters. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Optimal settings for the MS instrument; schematic diagrams for syntheses A and B; ESI mass spectra of silver clusters from ``synthesis A'' in different solvent mixtures, at different pH values and with different synthesis protocols; excitation and emission spectra of clusters from ``synthesis B'' in water and of the separated band after PAGE separation; lifetime measurements of silver clusters from a solution of ``synthesis B'' in water; the structure and absorption spectrum of the two lowest-energy isomers

  20. KLIFS: a knowledge-based structural database to navigate kinase-ligand interaction space.

    PubMed

    van Linden, Oscar P J; Kooistra, Albert J; Leurs, Rob; de Esch, Iwan J P; de Graaf, Chris

    2014-01-23

    Protein kinases regulate the majority of signal transduction pathways in cells and have become important targets for the development of designer drugs. We present a systematic analysis of kinase-ligand interactions in all regions of the catalytic cleft of all 1252 human kinase-ligand cocrystal structures present in the Protein Data Bank (PDB). The kinase-ligand interaction fingerprints and structure database (KLIFS) contains a consistent alignment of 85 kinase ligand binding site residues that enables the identification of family specific interaction features and classification of ligands according to their binding modes. We illustrate how systematic mining of kinase-ligand interaction space gives new insights into how conserved and selective kinase interaction hot spots can accommodate the large diversity of chemical scaffolds in kinase ligands. These analyses lead to an improved understanding of the structural requirements of kinase binding that will be useful in ligand discovery and design studies.

  1. Fluorescence-Based Strategies to Investigate the Structure and Dynamics of Aptamer-Ligand Complexes.

    PubMed

    Perez-Gonzalez, Cibran; Lafontaine, Daniel A; Penedo, J Carlos

    2016-01-01

    In addition to the helical nature of double-stranded DNA and RNA, single-stranded oligonucleotides can arrange themselves into tridimensional structures containing loops, bulges, internal hairpins and many other motifs. This ability has been used for more than two decades to generate oligonucleotide sequences, so-called aptamers, that can recognize certain metabolites with high affinity and specificity. More recently, this library of artificially-generated nucleic acid aptamers has been expanded by the discovery that naturally occurring RNA sequences control bacterial gene expression in response to cellular concentration of a given metabolite. The application of fluorescence methods has been pivotal to characterize in detail the structure and dynamics of these aptamer-ligand complexes in solution. This is mostly due to the intrinsic high sensitivity of fluorescence methods and also to significant improvements in solid-phase synthesis, post-synthetic labeling strategies and optical instrumentation that took place during the last decade. In this work, we provide an overview of the most widely employed fluorescence methods to investigate aptamer structure and function by describing the use of aptamers labeled with a single dye in fluorescence quenching and anisotropy assays. The use of 2-aminopurine as a fluorescent analog of adenine to monitor local changes in structure and fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) to follow long-range conformational changes is also covered in detail. The last part of the review is dedicated to the application of fluorescence techniques based on single-molecule microscopy, a technique that has revolutionized our understanding of nucleic acid structure and dynamics. We finally describe the advantages of monitoring ligand-binding and conformational changes, one molecule at a time, to decipher the complexity of regulatory aptamers and summarize the emerging folding and ligand-binding models arising from the application of these

  2. Fluorescence-Based Strategies to Investigate the Structure and Dynamics of Aptamer-Ligand Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Perez-Gonzalez, Cibran; Lafontaine, Daniel A.; Penedo, J. Carlos

    2016-01-01

    In addition to the helical nature of double-stranded DNA and RNA, single-stranded oligonucleotides can arrange themselves into tridimensional structures containing loops, bulges, internal hairpins and many other motifs. This ability has been used for more than two decades to generate oligonucleotide sequences, so-called aptamers, that can recognize certain metabolites with high affinity and specificity. More recently, this library of artificially-generated nucleic acid aptamers has been expanded by the discovery that naturally occurring RNA sequences control bacterial gene expression in response to cellular concentration of a given metabolite. The application of fluorescence methods has been pivotal to characterize in detail the structure and dynamics of these aptamer-ligand complexes in solution. This is mostly due to the intrinsic high sensitivity of fluorescence methods and also to significant improvements in solid-phase synthesis, post-synthetic labeling strategies and optical instrumentation that took place during the last decade. In this work, we provide an overview of the most widely employed fluorescence methods to investigate aptamer structure and function by describing the use of aptamers labeled with a single dye in fluorescence quenching and anisotropy assays. The use of 2-aminopurine as a fluorescent analog of adenine to monitor local changes in structure and fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) to follow long-range conformational changes is also covered in detail. The last part of the review is dedicated to the application of fluorescence techniques based on single-molecule microscopy, a technique that has revolutionized our understanding of nucleic acid structure and dynamics. We finally describe the advantages of monitoring ligand-binding and conformational changes, one molecule at a time, to decipher the complexity of regulatory aptamers and summarize the emerging folding and ligand-binding models arising from the application of these

  3. Fluorescence-based strategies to investigate the structure and dynamics of aptamer-ligand complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perez-Gonzalez, Cibran; Lafontaine, Daniel; Penedo, J.

    2016-08-01

    In addition to the helical nature of double-stranded DNA and RNA, single-stranded oligonucleotides can arrange themselves into tridimensional structures containing loops, bulges, internal hairpins and many other motifs. This ability has been used for more than two decades to generate oligonucleotide sequences, so-called aptamers, that can recognize certain metabolites with high affinity and specificity. More recently, this library of artificially-generated nucleic acid aptamers has been expanded by the discovery that naturally occurring RNA sequences control bacterial gene expression in response to cellular concentration of a given metabolite. The application of fluorescence methods has been pivotal to characterize in detail the structure and dynamics of these aptamer-ligand complexes in solution. This is mostly due to the intrinsic high sensitivity of fluorescence methods and also to significant improvements in solid-phase synthesis, post-synthetic labelling strategies and optical instrumentation that took place during the last decade. In this work, we provide an overview of the most widely employed fluorescence methods to investigate aptamer structure and function by describing the use of aptamers labelled with a single dye in fluorescence quenching and anisotropy assays. The use of 2-aminopurine as a fluorescent analog of adenine to monitor local changes in structure and fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) to follow long-range conformational changes is also covered in detail. The last part of the review is dedicated to the application of fluorescence techniques based on single-molecule microscopy, a technique that has revolutionized our understanding of nucleic acid structure and dynamics. We finally describe the advantages of monitoring ligand-binding and conformational changes, one molecule at a time, to decipher the complexity of regulatory aptamers and summarize the emerging folding and ligand-binding models arising from the application of these

  4. Role of Oxido Incorporation and Ligand Lability in Expanding Redox Accessibility of Structurally Related Mn4 Clusters

    PubMed Central

    Kanady, Jacob S.; Tran, Rosalie; Stull, Jamie A.; Lu, Luo; Stich, Troy A.; Day, Michael W.; Yano, Junko; Britt, R. David

    2013-01-01

    Photosystem II supports four manganese centers through nine oxidation states from manganese(II) during assembly through to the most oxidized state before O2 formation and release. The protein-based carboxylate and imidazole ligands allow for significant changes of the coordination environment during the incorporation of hydroxido and oxido ligands upon oxidation of the metal centers. We report the synthesis and characterization of a series of tetramanganese complexes in four of the six oxidation states from MnII3MnIII to MnIII2 MnIV2 with the same ligand framework (L) by incorporating four oxido ligands. A 1,3,5-triarylbenzene framework appended with six pyridyl and three alkoxy groups was utilized along with three acetate anions to access tetramanganese complexes, Mn4Ox, with x = 1, 2, 3, and 4. Alongside two previously reported complexes, four new clusters in various states were isolated and characterized by crystallography, and four were observed electrochemically, thus accessing the eight oxidation states from MnII4 to MnIIIMnIV3. This structurally related series of compounds was characterized by EXAFS, XANES, EPR, magnetism, and cyclic voltammetry. Similar to the ligands in the active site of the protein, the ancillary ligand (L) is preserved throughout the series and changes its binding mode between the low and high oxido-content clusters. Implications for the rational assembly and properties of high oxidation state metal-oxido clusters are presented. PMID:24163730

  5. Galaxy7TM: flexible GPCR-ligand docking by structure refinement.

    PubMed

    Lee, Gyu Rie; Seok, Chaok

    2016-07-01

    G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) play important physiological roles related to signal transduction and form a major group of drug targets. Prediction of GPCR-ligand complex structures has therefore important implications to drug discovery. With previously available servers, it was only possible to first predict GPCR structures by homology modeling and then perform ligand docking on the model structures. However, model structures generated without explicit consideration of specific ligands of interest can be inaccurate because GPCR structures can be affected by ligand binding. The Galaxy7TM server, freely accessible at http://galaxy.seoklab.org/7TM, improves an input GPCR structure by simultaneous ligand docking and flexible structure refinement using GALAXY methods. The server shows better performance in both ligand docking and GPCR structure refinement than commonly used programs AutoDock Vina and Rosetta MPrelax, respectively. PMID:27131365

  6. Galaxy7TM: flexible GPCR–ligand docking by structure refinement

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Gyu Rie; Seok, Chaok

    2016-01-01

    G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) play important physiological roles related to signal transduction and form a major group of drug targets. Prediction of GPCR–ligand complex structures has therefore important implications to drug discovery. With previously available servers, it was only possible to first predict GPCR structures by homology modeling and then perform ligand docking on the model structures. However, model structures generated without explicit consideration of specific ligands of interest can be inaccurate because GPCR structures can be affected by ligand binding. The Galaxy7TM server, freely accessible at http://galaxy.seoklab.org/7TM, improves an input GPCR structure by simultaneous ligand docking and flexible structure refinement using GALAXY methods. The server shows better performance in both ligand docking and GPCR structure refinement than commonly used programs AutoDock Vina and Rosetta MPrelax, respectively. PMID:27131365

  7. Synthesis and properties of a twistophane ion sensor: a new conjugated macrocyclic ligand for the spectroscopic detection of metal ions.

    PubMed

    Baxter, P N

    2001-06-15

    The synthesis of a structurally new type of conjugated macrocyclic ligand (1) is reported that comprises a dehydroannulene framework incorporating two 2,2'-bipyridine units. Modeling studies showed the ligand to possess an unusual chirally twisted and relatively rigid architecture capable of binding metal ions in an enforced tetrahedral coordination geometry. The macrocycle was prepared in seven steps from (2-bromophenylethynyl)-trimethylsilane (2) and characterized by spectroscopic techniques. The pyridine H3 protons in the 1H NMR spectrum of 1 showed a marked temperature dependencey that may be related to conformational opening and closing motions of the macrocyclic ring. Ligand 1 was found to spectroscopically detect the presence of Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, and Zn2+ and, in particular, to function as a multiple readout sensor, giving different sequences of signal output depending upon the type of metal ion analyte with which the system was addressed. Macrocycle 1 also gave a highly characteristic and specific visual output response in the presence of Zn2+ consisting of a bright turquoise fluorescence and in this respect may find applications in the sensing of this biologically important metal ion.

  8. The good, the bad and the twisted: a survey of ligand geometry in protein crystal structures.

    PubMed

    Liebeschuetz, John; Hennemann, Jana; Olsson, Tjelvar; Groom, Colin R

    2012-02-01

    The protein databank now contains the structures of over 11,000 ligands bound to proteins. These structures are invaluable in applied areas such as structure-based drug design, but are also the substrate for understanding the energetics of intermolecular interactions with proteins. Despite their obvious importance, the careful analysis of ligands bound to protein structures lags behind the analysis of the protein structures themselves. We present an analysis of the geometry of ligands bound to proteins and highlight the role of small molecule crystal structures in enabling molecular modellers to critically evaluate a ligand model's quality and investigate protein-induced strain. PMID:22246295

  9. Synthesis and characterization of cerium and yttrium alkoxide complexes supported by ferrocene-based chelating ligands.

    PubMed

    Broderick, Erin M; Thuy-Boun, Peter S; Guo, Neng; Vogel, Carola S; Sutter, Jörg; Miller, Jeffrey T; Meyer, Karsten; Diaconescu, Paula L

    2011-04-01

    Two series of Schiff base metal complexes were investigated, where each series was supported by an ancillary ligand incorporating a ferrocene backbone and different N=X functionalities. One ligand is based on an imine, while the other is based on an iminophosphorane group. Cerium(IV), cerium(III), and yttrium(III) alkoxide complexes supported by the two ligands were synthesized. All metal complexes were characterized by cyclic voltammetry. Additionally, NMR, Mössbauer, X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES), and absorption spectroscopies were used. The experimental data indicate that iron remains in the +2 oxidation state and that cerium(IV) does not engage in a redox behavior with the ancillary ligand.

  10. [Ligands of cholinesterases of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine structure].

    PubMed

    Basova, N E; Kormilitsin, B N; Perchenok, A Yu; Rozengatt, E V; Saakov, V S; Suvorov, A A

    2013-01-01

    The paper is a review of literature data on interaction of the mammalian erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase and blood serum butyrylcholinesterase with a group of isomer complex ester derivatives (acetates, propionates, butyrates, valerates, and isobutyrates) of bases and iodomethylates of ephedrine and its enantiomer pseudoephedrine. For 20 alkaloid monoesters, parameters of enzymatic hydrolysis are determined and their certain specificity toward acetylcholinesterase is revealed, whereas 5 diesters of iodomethylates of pseudoephedrine were hydrolyzed only by butyrylcholinesterase. The studied 20 aklaloid diesters and 10 trimethylammonium derivatives turned out to be non-competitive reversible inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase and competitive inhibitors of butyrylcholinesterase. The performed for the first time isomer and enantiomer analysis "structure-efficiency" has shown that in most cases it is possible to state the greater comlementarity of the catalytical surface of enzymes for ligands of the pseudoephedrine structure, such differentiation being realized more often at the reversible inhibition of enzymes. pseudoephedrine.

  11. Insight into the Ligand-Mediated Synthesis of Colloidal CsPbBr3 Perovskite Nanocrystals: The Role of Organic Acid, Base, and Cesium Precursors.

    PubMed

    Pan, Aizhao; He, Bo; Fan, Xiaoyun; Liu, Zeke; Urban, Jeffrey J; Alivisatos, A Paul; He, Ling; Liu, Yi

    2016-08-23

    While convenient solution-based procedures have been realized for the synthesis of colloidal perovskite nanocrystals, the impact of surfactant ligands on the shape, size, and surface properties still remains poorly understood, which calls for a more detailed structure-morphology study. Herein we have systematically varied the hydrocarbon chain composition of carboxylic acids and amines to investigate the surface chemistry and the independent impact of acid and amine on the size and shape of perovskite nanocrystals. Solution phase studies on purified nanocrystal samples by (1)H NMR and IR spectroscopies have confirmed the presence of both carboxylate and alkylammonium ligands on surfaces, with the alkylammonium ligand being much more mobile and susceptible to detachment from the nanocrystal surfaces during polar solvent washes. Moreover, the chain length variation of carboxylic acids and amines, ranging from 18 carbons down to two carbons, has shown independent correlation to the size and shape of nanocrystals in addition to the temperature effect. We have additionally demonstrated that employing a more soluble cesium acetate precursor in place of the universally used Cs2CO3 results in enhanced processability without sacrificing optical properties, thus offering a more versatile recipe for perovskite nanocrystal synthesis that allows the use of organic acids and amines bearing chains shorter than eight carbon atoms. Overall our studies have shed light on the influence of ligand chemistry on crystal growth and stabilization of the nanocrystals, which opens the door to functionalizable perovskite nanocrsytals through surface ligand manipulation. PMID:27479080

  12. Insight into the Ligand-Mediated Synthesis of Colloidal CsPbBr3 Perovskite Nanocrystals: The Role of Organic Acid, Base, and Cesium Precursors.

    PubMed

    Pan, Aizhao; He, Bo; Fan, Xiaoyun; Liu, Zeke; Urban, Jeffrey J; Alivisatos, A Paul; He, Ling; Liu, Yi

    2016-08-23

    While convenient solution-based procedures have been realized for the synthesis of colloidal perovskite nanocrystals, the impact of surfactant ligands on the shape, size, and surface properties still remains poorly understood, which calls for a more detailed structure-morphology study. Herein we have systematically varied the hydrocarbon chain composition of carboxylic acids and amines to investigate the surface chemistry and the independent impact of acid and amine on the size and shape of perovskite nanocrystals. Solution phase studies on purified nanocrystal samples by (1)H NMR and IR spectroscopies have confirmed the presence of both carboxylate and alkylammonium ligands on surfaces, with the alkylammonium ligand being much more mobile and susceptible to detachment from the nanocrystal surfaces during polar solvent washes. Moreover, the chain length variation of carboxylic acids and amines, ranging from 18 carbons down to two carbons, has shown independent correlation to the size and shape of nanocrystals in addition to the temperature effect. We have additionally demonstrated that employing a more soluble cesium acetate precursor in place of the universally used Cs2CO3 results in enhanced processability without sacrificing optical properties, thus offering a more versatile recipe for perovskite nanocrystal synthesis that allows the use of organic acids and amines bearing chains shorter than eight carbon atoms. Overall our studies have shed light on the influence of ligand chemistry on crystal growth and stabilization of the nanocrystals, which opens the door to functionalizable perovskite nanocrsytals through surface ligand manipulation.

  13. A tandem regression-outlier analysis of a ligand cellular system for key structural modifications around ligand binding

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background A tandem technique of hard equipment is often used for the chemical analysis of a single cell to first isolate and then detect the wanted identities. The first part is the separation of wanted chemicals from the bulk of a cell; the second part is the actual detection of the important identities. To identify the key structural modifications around ligand binding, the present study aims to develop a counterpart of tandem technique for cheminformatics. A statistical regression and its outliers act as a computational technique for separation. Results A PPARγ (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma) agonist cellular system was subjected to such an investigation. Results show that this tandem regression-outlier analysis, or the prioritization of the context equations tagged with features of the outliers, is an effective regression technique of cheminformatics to detect key structural modifications, as well as their tendency of impact to ligand binding. Conclusions The key structural modifications around ligand binding are effectively extracted or characterized out of cellular reactions. This is because molecular binding is the paramount factor in such ligand cellular system and key structural modifications around ligand binding are expected to create outliers. Therefore, such outliers can be captured by this tandem regression-outlier analysis. PMID:23627990

  14. Prodomains regulate the synthesis, extracellular localisation and activity of TGF-β superfamily ligands.

    PubMed

    Harrison, Craig A; Al-Musawi, Sara L; Walton, Kelly L

    2011-10-01

    All transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) ligands are synthesised as precursor molecules consisting of a signal peptide, an N-terminal prodomain and a C-terminal mature domain. During synthesis, prodomains interact non-covalently with mature domains, maintaining the molecules in a conformation competent for dimerisation. Dimeric precursors are cleaved by proprotein convertases, and TGF-β ligands are secreted from the cell non-covalently associated with their prodomains. Extracellularly, prodomains localise TGF-β ligands within the vicinity of their target cells via interactions with extracellular matrix proteins, including fibrillin and perlecan. For some family members (TGF-β1, TGF-β2, TGF-β3, myostatin, GDF-11 and BMP-10), prodomains bind with high enough affinity to suppress biological activity. The subsequent mechanism of activation of these latent TGF-β ligands varies according to cell type and context, but all activating mechanisms directly target prodomains. Thus, prodomains control many aspects of TGF-β superfamily biology, and alterations in prodomain function are often associated with disease.

  15. Diarylpropionitrile (DPN) Enantiomers: Synthesis and Evaluation of Estrogen Receptor Beta-Selective Ligands

    PubMed Central

    Carroll, Vincent M.; Jeyakumar, M.; Carlson, Kathryn E.; Katzenellenbogen, John A.

    2011-01-01

    Two estrogen receptor (ER) subtypes, ERα and ERβ, mediate the actions of estrogens in diverse reproductive and non-reproductive target tissues. ER subtype-selective ligands, which bind to and activate these subtypes differentially, have proved to be useful in elucidating which actions of estrogens proceed through ERα vs. ERβ. Some of these ligands show potential as novel therapeutic agents. Diarylpropionitrile (DPN), an ERβ selective ligand that we developed, is a chiral molecule, but it has been studied almost exclusively as the racemic mixture (rac-DPN, 1). Herein we report the development of an efficient enantioselective synthesis of the two isomers, R-DPN (3) and S-DPN (2), and we have compared the in vitro ligand binding affinities, coactivator binding affinities and recruitment potencies, and cellular transcriptional potencies of these isomers. Both enantiomers show a very high affinity and potency preference for ERβ over ERα, typically in the range of 80-300 fold. Although the enantioselectivity is only modest (3-4 fold), the R-enantiomer is the higher affinity and more potent isomer. While ERβ can be effectively and selectively stimulated by rac-DPN or by either R-DPN or S-DPN, R-DPN might be the preferred member of this isomeric series for biological studies of ERβ function. PMID:22122563

  16. Diarylpropionitrile (DPN) enantiomers: synthesis and evaluation of estrogen receptor β-selective ligands.

    PubMed

    Carroll, Vincent M; Jeyakumar, M; Carlson, Kathryn E; Katzenellenbogen, John A

    2012-01-12

    Two estrogen receptor (ER) subtypes, ERα and ERβ, mediate the actions of estrogens in diverse reproductive and nonreproductive target tissues. ER subtype-selective ligands, which bind to and activate these subtypes differentially, have proved to be useful in elucidating which actions of estrogens proceed through ERα vs ERβ. Some of these ligands show potential as novel therapeutic agents. Diarylpropionitrile (DPN), an ERβ selective ligand that we developed, is a chiral molecule, but it has been studied almost exclusively as the racemic mixture (rac-DPN, 1). Herein we report the development of an efficient enantioselective synthesis of the two isomers, R-DPN (3) and S-DPN (2), and we have compared the in vitro ligand binding affinities, coactivator binding affinities, recruitment potencies, and cellular transcriptional potencies of these isomers. Both enantiomers show a very high affinity and potency preference for ERβ over ERα, typically in the range of 80-300-fold. Although the enantioselectivity is only modest (3-4-fold), the R-enantiomer is the higher affinity and more potent isomer. While ERβ can be effectively and selectively stimulated by rac-DPN or by either R-DPN or S-DPN, R-DPN might be the preferred member of this isomeric series for biological studies of ERβ function.

  17. Synthesis and characterization of three-layered zinc phosphites containing tert-octylamine molecules with template and ligand roles

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Chih-Min; Chiu, Cheng-Wei; Lin, Hsiu-Mei; Lii, Kwang-Hwa

    2013-08-15

    Three-layered zinc phosphites containing single monoamine molecules with different roles have been synthesized using hydro(solvo)thermal methods and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, and infrared spectroscopy. Compound 1, (C{sub 8}H{sub 17}NH{sub 3}){sub 4}Zn{sub 3}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 5}·3H{sub 2}O, consists of 20-ring layer structures sandwiched by water molecules and protonated tert-octylamine molecules. The structure of Zn(C{sub 8}H{sub 17}NH{sub 2})(HPO{sub 3}) (compound 2) is composed of 4.8{sup 2} network structures, wherein the tert-octylamines are coordinated to the Zn atom as pendant groups. Compound 3, (C{sub 8}H{sub 17}NH{sub 3}){sub 2}Zn{sub 4}(C{sub 8}H{sub 17}NH{sub 2})(HPO{sub 3}){sub 5}, was prepared in which the amine plays a dual role as both a ligand and a countercation. In addition, compound 1 is the first layered metal phosphite with large 20-ring windows. This group of substances represents the first example of the preparation of compounds in which the reactivity of incorporated single amine molecules is varied by adjusting the synthesis conditions. - Graphical abstract: The first layered metal phosphite with large 20-ring windows, (C8H17NH3)4Zn3(HPO3)5·3H{sub 2}O (1), sandwiched by water molecules and protonated tert-octylamine molecules. Highlights: • The first example of zinc phosphites contains amine molecules with template and ligand roles. • The reactivity of single amine molecules is varied by adjusting the synthesis conditions. • Compound 1 contains the largest pore opening of 20-rings in known layered metal phosphites. • Compound 3 has dual roles of amine molecules in its structure.

  18. Complexation of trivalent americium and lanthanides with terdentate 'N' donor ligands: the role of rigidity in the ligand structure.

    PubMed

    Bhattacharyya, Arunasis; Gadly, Trilochan; Pathak, Priyanath; Ghosh, Sunil K; Mohapatra, Manoj; Ghanty, Tapan K; Mohapatra, Prasanta K

    2014-08-28

    A systematic study on the Ln(3+) complexation behaviour with two terdentate 'N' donor ligands of varying structural rigidity, viz. 5,6-dimethyl-(1,2,4)-triazinylbipyridine (Me2TBipy) and 5,6-dimethyl-(1,2,4)-triazinylphenanthroline (Me2TPhen), is performed in the present work by UV-Vis spectrophotometry, time resolved fluorescence spectroscopy (TRFS) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometric (ESI-MS) studies. These studies indicate the formation of a 1 : 1 complex of La(3+), 1 : 2 complexes of Eu(3+) and Er(3+) with both the ligands. Density functional theoretical (DFT) study is carried out to determine the solution phase structure of the Eu(3+) complex considering the species (from UV-Vis spectrophotometry) and C2v site symmetry around the Eu(3+) ion (from TRFS study). Me2TPhen is found to be a stronger complexing ligand as compared to Me2TBipy irrespective of the Ln(3+) ions. The solid state crystal structure of the La(3+) complex of Me2TPhen is determined using the single crystal X-ray diffraction (SCXRD) technique. The complexation of the trivalent Am(3+) ion is also studied with both these ligands using UV-Vis spectrophotometric titrations which show the formation of 1 : 2 complexes with higher complexation constant values as compared to all the Ln(3+) ions studied, indicating the selectivity of these ligands for the trivalent actinides over the lanthanides. PMID:25001925

  19. Synthesis and characterization of novel nitrogen-containing ligands for metal ion separations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoch, Cortney Leigh

    A serious limiting factor in the continued development of nuclear power is the disposal of high-level radioactive waste from spent nuclear fuel. The PUREX process can be used for the recovery of U and Pu, but it does not separate the products of fission which are potentially useful, but currently cause most of our problems with radioactive waste. An important complicating factor is the presence of large amounts of lanthanides in dissolved spent nuclear fuel. The separation of lanthanides (Ln) from actinides (An) is therefore critical to the future of nuclear power. One approach to recovering these materials and decreasing the volume of the radioactive waste is the development of novel, highly selective organic ligands for the lanthanide and actinide ions. The focus of this dissertation is to design and synthesize new tridentate polyaza-ligands expected to exhibit affinity for first-row transition metals, lanthanides and actinides. In general, these chelating agents are structurally and functionally related to the pyridine and bipyridine bis-triazinyl compounds that have been investigated for potential application as separations agents for radioactive materials. Selected 1,2,3-triazoles have been synthesized using Sharpless' "Click Chemistry". Variation of the backbone and substituents on the triazole ring allows for facile modification of the cation binding pocket and phase compatibility properties of the new compounds. Characterization of the new ligands was performed using conventional analytical methods. Overall, the studies with three different ligands revealed useful information about the continuing effort of ligand design for actinide (III)/lanthanide (III) separations. Crystal structures established the purity of the organic molecules by showing that the PTMP and BDTP ligands are able to bind transition metals. Also, it was shown that the BDTB ligand was able to bind to Nd 3+ as observed from the spectrophotometric titrations and the calculated binding

  20. Structure-based evolution of subtype-selective neurotensin receptor ligands.

    PubMed

    Schaab, Carolin; Kling, Ralf Christian; Einsiedel, Jürgen; Hübner, Harald; Clark, Tim; Seebach, Dieter; Gmeiner, Peter

    2014-10-01

    Subtype-selective agonists of the neurotensin receptor NTS2 represent a promising option for the treatment of neuropathic pain, as NTS2 is involved in the mediation of μ-opioid-independent anti-nociceptive effects. Based on the crystal structure of the subtype NTS1 and previous structure-activity relationships (SARs) indicating a potential role for the sub-pocket around Tyr11 of NT(8-13) in subtype-specific ligand recognition, we have developed new NTS2-selective ligands. Starting from NT(8-13), we replaced the tyrosine unit by β(2)-amino acids (type 1), by heterocyclic tyrosine bioisosteres (type 2) and peptoid analogues (type 3). We were able to evolve an asymmetric synthesis of a 5-substituted azaindolylalanine and its application as a bioisostere of tyrosine capable of enhancing NTS2 selectivity. The S-configured test compound 2 a, [(S)-3-(pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridine-5-yl)-propionyl(11)]NT(8-13), exhibits substantial NTS2 affinity (4.8 nm) and has a nearly 30-fold NTS2 selectivity over NTS1. The (R)-epimer 2 b showed lower NTS2 affinity but more than 600-fold selectivity over NTS1. PMID:25478316

  1. A structural chemogenomics analysis of aminergic GPCRs: lessons for histamine receptor ligand design

    PubMed Central

    Kooistra, A J; Kuhne, S; de Esch, I J P; Leurs, R; de Graaf, C

    2013-01-01

    Background and Purpose Chemogenomics focuses on the discovery of new connections between chemical and biological space leading to the discovery of new protein targets and biologically active molecules. G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) are a particularly interesting protein family for chemogenomics studies because there is an overwhelming amount of ligand binding affinity data available. The increasing number of aminergic GPCR crystal structures now for the first time allows the integration of chemogenomics studies with high-resolution structural analyses of GPCR-ligand complexes. Experimental Approach In this study, we have combined ligand affinity data, receptor mutagenesis studies, and amino acid sequence analyses to high-resolution structural analyses of (hist)aminergic GPCR-ligand interactions. This integrated structural chemogenomics analysis is used to more accurately describe the molecular and structural determinants of ligand affinity and selectivity in different key binding regions of the crystallized aminergic GPCRs, and histamine receptors in particular. Key Results Our investigations highlight interesting correlations and differences between ligand similarity and ligand binding site similarity of different aminergic receptors. Apparent discrepancies can be explained by combining detailed analysis of crystallized or predicted protein-ligand binding modes, receptor mutation studies, and ligand structure-selectivity relationships that identify local differences in essential pharmacophore features in the ligand binding sites of different receptors. Conclusions and Implications We have performed structural chemogenomics studies that identify links between (hist)aminergic receptor ligands and their binding sites and binding modes. This knowledge can be used to identify structure-selectivity relationships that increase our understanding of ligand binding to (hist)aminergic receptors and hence can be used in future GPCR ligand discovery and design. Linked

  2. Configuration Control in the Synthesis of Homo- and Heteroleptic Bis(oxazolinylphenolato/thiazolinylphenolato) Chelate Ligand Complexes of Oxorhenium(V): Isomer Effect on Ancillary Ligand Exchange Dynamics and Implications for Perchlorate Reduction Catalysis.

    PubMed

    Liu, Jinyong; Wu, Dimao; Su, Xiaoge; Han, Mengwei; Kimura, Susana Y; Gray, Danielle L; Shapley, John R; Abu-Omar, Mahdi M; Werth, Charles J; Strathmann, Timothy J

    2016-03-01

    This study develops synthetic strategies for N,N-trans and N,N-cis Re(O)(LO-N)2Cl complexes and investigates the effects of the coordination spheres and ligand structures on ancillary ligand exchange dynamics and catalytic perchlorate reduction activities of the corresponding [Re(O)(LO-N)2](+) cations. The 2-(2'-hydroxyphenyl)-2-oxazoline (Hhoz) and 2-(2'-hydroxyphenyl)-2-thiazoline (Hhtz) ligands are used to prepare homoleptic N,N-trans and N,N-cis isomers of both Re(O)(hoz)2Cl and Re(O)(htz)2Cl and one heteroleptic N,N-trans Re(O)(hoz)(htz)Cl. Selection of hoz/htz ligands determines the preferred isomeric coordination sphere, and the use of substituted pyridine bases with varying degrees of steric hindrance during complex synthesis controls the rate of isomer interconversion. The five corresponding [Re(O)(LO-N)2](+) cations exhibit a wide range of solvent exchange rates (1.4 to 24,000 s(-1) at 25 °C) and different LO-N movement patterns, as influenced by the coordination sphere of Re (trans/cis), the noncoordinating heteroatom on LO-N ligands (O/S), and the combination of the two LO-N ligands (homoleptic/heteroleptic). Ligand exchange dynamics also correlate with the activity of catalytic reduction of aqueous ClO4(-) by H2 when the Re(O)(LO-N)2Cl complexes are immobilized onto Pd/C. Findings from this study provide novel synthetic strategies and mechanistic insights for innovations in catalytic, environmental, and biomedical research.

  3. Coinage metal complexes with bridging hybrid phosphine-NHC ligands: synthesis of di- and tetra-nuclear complexes.

    PubMed

    Simler, Thomas; Braunstein, Pierre; Danopoulos, Andreas A

    2016-03-28

    A series of P-NHC-type hybrid ligands containing both PR2 and N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) donors on meta-bis-substituted phenylene backbones, L(Cy), L(tBu) and L(Ph) (R = Cy, tBu, Ph, respectively), was accessed through a modular synthesis from a common precursor, and their coordination chemistry with coinage metals was explored and compared. Metallation of L(Ph)·n(HBr) (n = 1, 2) with Ag2O gave the pseudo-cubane [Ag4Br4(L(Ph))2], isostructural to [Ag4Br4(L(R))2] (R = Cy, tBu) (T. Simler, P. Braunstein and A. A. Danopoulos, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed., 2015, 54, 13691), whereas metallation of ·HBF4 (R = Ph, tBu) led to the dinuclear complexes [Ag2(L(R))2](BF4)2 which, in the solid state, feature heteroleptic Ag centres and a 'head-to-tail' (HT) arrangement of the bridging ligands. In solution, interconversion with the homoleptic 'head-to-head' (HH) isomers is facilitated by ligand fluxionality. 'Head-to-tail' [Cu2Br2(L(R))2] (R = Cy, tBu) dinuclear complexes were obtained from L(R)·HBr and [Cu5(Mes)5], Mes = 2,4,6-trimethylphenyl, which also feature bridging ligands and heteroleptic Cu centres. Although the various ligands L(R)l ed to structurally analogous complexes for R = Cy, tBu and Ph, the rates of dynamic processes occurring in solution are dependent on R, with faster rates for R = Ph. Transmetallation of both NHC and P donor groups from [Ag4Br4(L(tBu))2] to AuI by reaction with [AuCl(THT)] (THT = tetrahydrothiophene) led to L(tBu) transfer and to the dinuclear complex [Au2Cl2L(tBu)] with one L(tBu) ligand bridging the two Au centres. Except for the silver pseudo-cubanes, all other complexes do not exhibit metallophilic interactions. PMID:26886084

  4. Tuning the structure, dimensionality and luminescent properties of lanthanide metal-organic frameworks under ancillary ligand influence.

    PubMed

    D'Vries, Richard F; Gomez, German E; Hodak, José H; Soler-Illia, Galo J A A; Ellena, Javier

    2016-01-14

    This manuscript addresses the synthesis, structural characterization and optical properties of a 1D coordination polymer (CPs) and 2D and 3D Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) obtained from lanthanide metals, 3-hydroxinaftalene-2,7-disulfonic acid (3-OHNDS) and two different phenanthroline derivates as ancillary ligands. The first is a family of 2D compounds with formula [Ln(3-OHNDS)(H2O)2], where Ln = La(), Pr(), Nd() and Sm(). The addition of 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) in the reaction produces 1D compounds with general formula [Ln(3-OHNDS)(phen)(H2O)]·3H2O, where Ln = La(), Pr(), Nd() and Sm(). Finally, the synthesis with 3,4,7,8-tetramethyl-1,10-phenanthroline (3,4,7,8-TMPhen) as an ancillary ligand results in the formation of the 3D [La(3-OHNDS)(3,4,7,8-TMphen)(H2O)] () compound. The photoluminescence (PL) properties of 1D and 2D compounds were fully investigated in comparison with the 3-OHNDS ligand. One of the most important results was the obtaining of a white-light single-emitter without adding dopant atoms in the structure. With all these results in mind it was possible to establish structure-property relationships.

  5. Synthesis and structure of the extended phosphazane ligand [(1,4-C6H4){N(μ-PN(t)Bu)2N(t)Bu}2](4).

    PubMed

    Sevilla, Raquel; Less, Robert J; García-Rodríguez, Raúl; Bond, Andrew D; Wright, Dominic S

    2016-02-01

    The reaction of the phenylene-bridged precursor (1,4-C6H4)[N(PCl2)2]2 with (t)BuNH2 in the presence of Et3N gives the new ligand precursor (1,4-C6H4)[N(μ-N(t)Bu)2(PNH(t)Bu)2]2, deprotonation of which with Bu2Mg gives the novel tetraanion [(1,4-C6H4){N(μ-N(t)Bu)2(PN(t)Bu)2}2](4-).

  6. Mixed ligand complex formation of 2-aminobenzamide with Cu(II) in the presence of some amino acids: Synthesis, structural, biological, pH-metric, spectrophotometric and thermodynamic studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dharmaraja, Jeyaprakash; Esakkidurai, Thirugnanasamy; Subbaraj, Paramasivam; Shobana, Sutha

    2013-10-01

    Mixed ligand Cu(II) complexes of 2-aminobenzamide (2AB) and amino acids viz., glycine (gly), L-alanine (ala), L-valine (val) and L-phenylalanine (phe) have been synthesised and characterized by various physico-chemical and spectral techniques. The calculated g-tensor values for Cu(II) complexes at 77 K and 300 K, show the distorted octahedral geometry which has been confirmed from the absorption studies. Consequently, the thermal studies illustrate that the loss of water and acetate molecules in the initial stage which are followed by the decomposition of organic residues. The powder X-ray diffraction and SEM analysis reflect that all the complexes have well-defined crystallinity nature with homogeneous morphology. The binding activities of CT DNA with CuAB complexes have been examined by absorption studies. Further, the oxidative cleavage interactions of 2-aminobenzamide and CuAB complexes with DNA were studied by gel electrophoresis method in H2O2 medium. Also, the complex formation of Cu(II) involving 2-aminobenzamide and amino acids were carried out by a combined pH-metric and spectrophotometric techniques in 50% (v/v) water-ethanol mixture at 300, 310, 320 and 330 ± 0.1 K with I = 0.15 mol dm-3 (NaClO4). In solution, CuAB and CuAB2 species has been detected and the binding modes of 2-aminobenzamide and amino acids in both binary and mixed ligand complexes are same. The calculated stabilization value of Δ log K, log X and log X' indicates higher stabilities for the mixed ligand complexes rather than their binary species. The thermodynamic parameters like ΔG, ΔH and ΔS have been determined from temperature dependence of the stability constant. In vitro biological activities of 2-aminobenzamide, CuA and CuAB complexes show remarkable activities against some bacterial and fungal strains. The percentage distribution of various binary and mixed ligand species in solution at dissimilar pH intervals were also evaluated.

  7. Identification of Novel Smoothened Ligands Using Structure-Based Docking

    PubMed Central

    Torosyan, Hayarpi; Parathaman, Pranavan; Irwin, John J.; Shoichet, Brian K.

    2016-01-01

    The seven transmembrane protein Smoothened is required for Hedgehog signaling during embryonic development and adult tissue homeostasis. Inappropriate activation of the Hedgehog signalling pathway leads to cancers such as basal cell carcinoma and medulloblastoma, and Smoothened inhibitors are now available clinically to treat these diseases. However, resistance to these inhibitors rapidly develops thereby limiting their efficacy. The determination of Smoothened crystal structures enables structure-based discovery of new ligands with new chemotypes that will be critical to combat resistance. In this study, we docked 3.2 million available, lead-like molecules against Smoothened, looking for those with high physical complementarity to its structure; this represents the first such campaign against the class Frizzled G-protein coupled receptor family. Twenty-one high-ranking compounds were selected for experimental testing, and four, representing three different chemotypes, were identified to antagonize Smoothened with IC50 values better than 50 μM. A screen for analogs revealed another six molecules, with IC50 values in the low micromolar range. Importantly, one of the most active of the new antagonists continued to be efficacious at the D473H mutant of Smoothened, which confers clinical resistance to the antagonist vismodegib in cancer treatment. PMID:27490099

  8. Identification of Novel Smoothened Ligands Using Structure-Based Docking.

    PubMed

    Lacroix, Celine; Fish, Inbar; Torosyan, Hayarpi; Parathaman, Pranavan; Irwin, John J; Shoichet, Brian K; Angers, Stephane

    2016-01-01

    The seven transmembrane protein Smoothened is required for Hedgehog signaling during embryonic development and adult tissue homeostasis. Inappropriate activation of the Hedgehog signalling pathway leads to cancers such as basal cell carcinoma and medulloblastoma, and Smoothened inhibitors are now available clinically to treat these diseases. However, resistance to these inhibitors rapidly develops thereby limiting their efficacy. The determination of Smoothened crystal structures enables structure-based discovery of new ligands with new chemotypes that will be critical to combat resistance. In this study, we docked 3.2 million available, lead-like molecules against Smoothened, looking for those with high physical complementarity to its structure; this represents the first such campaign against the class Frizzled G-protein coupled receptor family. Twenty-one high-ranking compounds were selected for experimental testing, and four, representing three different chemotypes, were identified to antagonize Smoothened with IC50 values better than 50 μM. A screen for analogs revealed another six molecules, with IC50 values in the low micromolar range. Importantly, one of the most active of the new antagonists continued to be efficacious at the D473H mutant of Smoothened, which confers clinical resistance to the antagonist vismodegib in cancer treatment. PMID:27490099

  9. Synthesis, characterization and optical properties of low nuclearity liganded silver clusters: Ag31(SG)19 and Ag15(SG)11.

    PubMed

    Bertorelle, Franck; Hamouda, Ramzi; Rayane, Driss; Broyer, Michel; Antoine, Rodolphe; Dugourd, Philippe; Gell, Lars; Kulesza, Alexander; Mitrić, Roland; Bonačić-Koutecký, Vlasta

    2013-06-21

    We report a simple synthesis of silver:glutathione (Ag:SG) clusters using a cyclic reduction under oxidative conditions. Two syntheses are described which lead to solutions containing well-defined Ag31(SG)19 and Ag15(SG)11 clusters that have been characterized by mass spectrometry. The optical properties of silver:glutathione (Ag:SG) cluster solutions have been investigated experimentally. In particular, the solution containing Ag15(SG)11 clusters shows a bright and photostable emission. For Ag31(SG)19 and Ag15(SG)11 clusters, the comparison of experimental findings with DFT and TDDFT calculations allowed us to reveal the structural and electronic properties of such low nuclearity liganded silver clusters.

  10. Synthesis, structure activity relationship, radiolabeling and preclinical evaluation of high affinity ligands for the ion channel of the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor as potential imaging probes for positron emission tomography.

    PubMed

    Klein, Pieter J; Christiaans, Johannes A M; Metaxas, Athanasios; Schuit, Robert C; Lammertsma, Adriaan A; van Berckel, Bart N M; Windhorst, Albert D

    2015-03-01

    The N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAr) is involved in many neurological and psychiatric disorders including Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia. Currently, it is not possible to assess NMDAr availability in vivo. The purpose of this study was to develop a positron emission tomography (PET) ligand for the NMDAr ion channel. A series of di- and tri-N-substituted diarylguanidines was synthesized. In addition, in vitro binding affinity for the NMDAr ion channel in rat forebrain membrane fractions was assessed. Compounds 10, 11 and 32 were radiolabeled with either carbon-11 or fluorine-18. Ligands [(11)C]10 and [(18)F]32 were evaluated ex vivo in B6C3 mice. Biodistribution studies showed higher uptake of [(11)C]10 and [(18)F]32 in forebrain regions compared with cerebellum. In addition, for [(11)C]10 54% and for [(18)F]32 70% of activity in the brain at 60min was due to intact tracer. Pre-treatment with MK-801 (0.6mg·kg(-1), ip) slightly decreased uptake in NMDAr-specific regions for [(18)F]32, but not for [(11)C]10. As such [(18)F]32 has the best characteristics as a PET tracer for the ion channel of the NMDAr. PMID:25648682

  11. Synthesis and structural analysis using 2-D NMR of Sialyl Lewis X (SLe{sup x}) and Lewis X (Le{sup x}) oligosaccharides: Ligands related to E-selectin [ELAM-1] binding

    SciTech Connect

    Ball, G.E.; Nagy, J.O.; Brown, E.G.

    1992-06-17

    The sialyl Lewis X (SLe{sup x}) determinant (NeuAc-{alpha}-2,3-Gal-{beta}-1,4-[Fuc-{alpha}-1,3]-GlcNAc), compound 1, is a ligand for E-selectin (endothelial leucocyte adhesion molecule 1, or ELAM-1), a member of the selectin family of cell adhesion molecules. Interactions between E-selectin and leucocyte-bound SLe{sup x} or closely related oligosaccharides are thought to be important early events in the inflammation process. Binding analysis has shown that the sialic acid (NeuAc) and the fucose (Fuc) moieties are essential for high affinity. The related desialylated trisaccharide Le{sup x} (Gas-{beta}-1,4-[Fuc-{alpha}-1,3]-GlcNAc), for example, is not a high-affinity ligand for E-selectin. In this communication, the authors describe the syntheses of SLe{sup x} 1 and the {beta}-O-allyl glycoside of Le{sup x} 2 using a cloned fucosyltransferase and their complete NMR spectral assignments including ROESY and NOESY experiments in order to investigate the conformation of these compounds in solution. 25 refs., 2 figs.

  12. Synthesis, spectroscopic and structural characterization of cobalt(II) complex with uracil-containing 2,6-diformylpyridine ligand: Theoretical studies on the ligand and pentagonal-bipyramidal [Co(L)(H 2O) 2] 2+ and [Zn(L)(H 2O) 2] 2+ cations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koz, Gamze; Özdemir, Namık; Astley, Demet; Dinçer, Muharrem; Astley, Stephen T.

    2010-03-01

    The title complex, trans-diaqua{5,5'-[( E, E)-pyridine-2,6-diylbis(methylidynenitrilo)]bis-[pyrimidine-2,4(1 H,3 H)-dione]}cobalt(II) bis(hexafluorophosphate) dihydrate [Co(C 15H 11N 7O 4) (H 2O) 2]·2(PF 6)·2(H 2O), has been synthesized, and characterized by IR spectroscopy and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The compound crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2 1/ c with a = 10.7301(4) Å, b = 12.0537(3) Å, c = 21.6030(9) Å and β = 109.392 (3)°. In the title complex, the Co 2+ centre is seven-coordinated in a slightly distorted pentagonal-bipyramidal geometry, with the two water O atoms located in the apical positions, and the pyridine N atom, the two imine N atoms and two carbonyl O atoms of the uracil groups located in the equatorial plane. The positions of fluorine atoms in the hexafluorophosphate groups were disordered. The charge is balanced by two PF 62- anions. In addition to the molecular geometry from X-ray experiment, theoretical studies have been carried out on the structures of the pentagonal-bipyramidal [Co(L)(H 2O) 2] 2+ and [Zn(L)(H 2O) 2] 2+ cations using the Hartree-Fock (HF) and density functional theory (DFT-B3LYP) methods in conjunction with effective core potential basis set (LANL2DZ) to clarify the solid state behaviour of these cations. Besides, frontier molecular orbitals (FMO) analysis and natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis of [Co(L)(H 2O) 2] 2+ cation are presented here together with vibrational frequencies and gauge including atomic orbital (GIAO) 1H and 13C NMR chemical shift values of the pentadentate ligand calculated at HF and DFT (B3LYP) levels with 6-31G(d) basis set.

  13. Evaluation of Tris-Bipyridine Chromium Complexes for Flow Battery Applications: Impact of Bipyridine Ligand Structure on Solubility and Electrochemistry.

    PubMed

    Cabrera, Pablo J; Yang, Xingyi; Suttil, James A; Brooner, Rachel E M; Thompson, Levi T; Sanford, Melanie S

    2015-11-01

    This report describes the design, synthesis, solubility, and electrochemistry of a series of tris-bipyridine chromium complexes that exhibit up to six reversible redox couples as well as solubilities approaching 1 M in acetonitrile. We have systematically modified both the ligand structure and the oxidation state of these complexes to gain insights into the factors that impact solubility and electrochemistry. The results provide a set of structure-solubility-electrochemistry relationships to guide the future development of electrolytes for nonaqueous flow batteries. In addition, we have identified a promising candidate from the series of chromium complexes for further electrochemical and battery assessment. PMID:26468668

  14. Evaluation of Tris-Bipyridine Chromium Complexes for Flow Battery Applications: Impact of Bipyridine Ligand Structure on Solubility and Electrochemistry.

    PubMed

    Cabrera, Pablo J; Yang, Xingyi; Suttil, James A; Brooner, Rachel E M; Thompson, Levi T; Sanford, Melanie S

    2015-11-01

    This report describes the design, synthesis, solubility, and electrochemistry of a series of tris-bipyridine chromium complexes that exhibit up to six reversible redox couples as well as solubilities approaching 1 M in acetonitrile. We have systematically modified both the ligand structure and the oxidation state of these complexes to gain insights into the factors that impact solubility and electrochemistry. The results provide a set of structure-solubility-electrochemistry relationships to guide the future development of electrolytes for nonaqueous flow batteries. In addition, we have identified a promising candidate from the series of chromium complexes for further electrochemical and battery assessment.

  15. Synthesis of the donor acceptor ligand 2-(4-dimethylaminobenzylidene)-4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-4-cyclopenten-1,3-dione (dbpcd) and X-ray diffraction structure of the platinum(II) compound PtCl2(dbpcd) 1.5CH2Cl2

    SciTech Connect

    Atim, Silvia; Wang, Xiaoping; Richmond, Michael G.

    2010-01-01

    The synthesis of the donor acceptor ligand 2-(4-dimethylaminobenzylidene)-4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-4-cyclopenten-1,3-dione (dbpcd) from the Knoevenagel condensation of 4-(dimethylamino)benzaldehyde with 4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-4-cyclopenten-1,3-dione (bpcd) is reported. This new ligand reacts with PtCl2(cod) to afford the platinum(II) complex PtCl2(dbpcd) in high yield. The dbpcd ligand and PtCl2(dbpcd) have been isolated and characterized by IR and NMR spectroscopies, cyclic voltammetry, MO calculations at the extended H ckel level, and X-ray diffraction analysis in the case of PtCl2(dbpcd).

  16. Structural and magnetic properties of cobalt(II) complexes with pyridinecarboxamide ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dojer, Brina; Pevec, Andrej; Belaj, Ferdinand; Jagličić, Zvonko; Kristl, Matjaž; Drofenik, Miha

    2014-11-01

    The synthesis and characterization of two new cobalt(II) coordination compounds with nicotinamide (nia) and isonicotinamide (isn) are reported. The products were characterized magnetically, structurally by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis and spectrally by FT-IR spectroscopy. Using the reaction of cobalt(II) acetate tetrahydrate and nicotinamide in methanol we obtained light-red crystals of the mononuclear complex [Co(nia)2(H2O)4](CH3COO)2·2H2O (1). The synthesis in a system cobalt(II) acetate dihydrathe, isonicotinamide and dimethylformamide-methanol mixture gave a new dinuclear coordination compound with the formula [Co2(CH3COO)4(isn)4]·2C3H7NO (2). In both compounds a trans arrangement of pyridinecarboxamide ligands was found. Intermolecular hydrogen bonds in the crystal structures of both complexes are discussed. The magnetic properties were studied between 2 K and 300 K giving the result μeff = 4.6 BM for 1 and μeff = 4.7 BM for 2 in the paramagnetic region.

  17. Synthesis of chiral biphenol-based diphosphonite ligands and their application in palladium-catalyzed intermolecular asymmetric allylic amination reactions.

    PubMed

    Shi, Ce; Chien, Chih-Wei; Ojima, Iwao

    2011-02-01

    A library of new 2,2'-bis(diphenylphosphinoyloxy)-1,1'-binaphthyl (binapo)-type chiral diphosphonite ligands was designed and synthesized based on chiral 3,3',5,5',6,6'-hexasubstituted biphenols. These bop ligands have exhibited excellent efficiency in a palladium-catalyzed intermolecular allylic amination reaction, which provides a key intermediate for the total synthesis of Strychnos indole alkaloids with enantiopurities of up to 96% ee. PMID:21254441

  18. The Ligand-Free State Of The TPP Riboswitch, A Partially Folded RNA Structure

    PubMed Central

    Ali, Mona; Lipfert, Jan; Seifert, Soenke; Herschlag, Daniel; Doniach, Sebastian

    2010-01-01

    Riboswitches are elements of mRNA that regulate gene expression by undergoing structural changes upon binding of small ligands. Although the structures of several riboswitches have been solved with their ligands bound, the ligand-free states of only a few riboswitches have been characterized. The ligand-free state is as important for the functionality of the riboswitch as the ligand-bound form, but the ligand-free state is often a partially folded structure of the RNA with conformational heterogeneity that makes it particularly challenging to study. Here, we present models of the ligand-free state of a thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) riboswitch that are derived from a combination of complementary experimental and computational modeling approaches. We obtain a global picture of the molecule using small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) data and use an RNA structure modeling software, MC-SYM, to fit local structural details to this data on an atomic scale. We have used two different approaches to obtain these models. Our first approach develops a model of the RNA from the structures of its constituent junction fragments in isolation. The second approach treats the RNA as a single entity, without bias from the structure of its individual constituents. We find that both approaches give similar models for the ligand-free form, but the ligand-bound models differ for the two approaches, and only the models from the second approach agree with the ligand-bound structure known previously from X-ray crystallography. Our models provide a picture of the conformational changes that may occur in the riboswitch upon binding its ligand. Our results also demonstrate the power of combining experimental SAXS data with theoretical structure prediction tools in the determination of RNA structures beyond riboswitches. PMID:19925806

  19. Structure-Based Evolution of Subtype-Selective Neurotensin Receptor Ligands

    PubMed Central

    Schaab, Carolin; Kling, Ralf Christian; Einsiedel, Jürgen; Hübner, Harald; Clark, Tim; Seebach, Dieter; Gmeiner, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Subtype-selective agonists of the neurotensin receptor NTS2 represent a promising option for the treatment of neuropathic pain, as NTS2 is involved in the mediation of μ-opioid-independent anti-nociceptive effects. Based on the crystal structure of the subtype NTS1 and previous structure–activity relationships (SARs) indicating a potential role for the sub-pocket around Tyr11 of NT(8–13) in subtype-specific ligand recognition, we have developed new NTS2-selective ligands. Starting from NT(8–13), we replaced the tyrosine unit by β2-amino acids (type 1), by heterocyclic tyrosine bioisosteres (type 2) and peptoid analogues (type 3). We were able to evolve an asymmetric synthesis of a 5-substituted azaindolylalanine and its application as a bioisostere of tyrosine capable of enhancing NTS2 selectivity. The S-configured test compound 2 a, [(S)-3-(pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridine-5-yl)-propionyl11]NT(8–13), exhibits substantial NTS2 affinity (4.8 nm) and has a nearly 30-fold NTS2 selectivity over NTS1. The (R)-epimer 2 b showed lower NTS2 affinity but more than 600-fold selectivity over NTS1. PMID:25478316

  20. Ruthenium(ii) complexes of hemilabile pincer ligands: synthesis and catalysing the transfer hydrogenation of ketones.

    PubMed

    Nair, Ashwin G; McBurney, Roy T; Walker, D Barney; Page, Michael J; Gatus, Mark R D; Bhadbhade, Mohan; Messerle, Barbara A

    2016-09-28

    A series of Ru(ii) complexes were synthesised based on a hemilabile pyrazole-N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC)-pyrazole (C3N2H3)CH2(C3N2H2)CH2(C3N2H3) NCN pincer ligand 1. All complexes were fully characterised using single crystal X-ray crystallography and multinuclear NMR spectroscopy. Hemilabile ligands provide flexible coordination modes for the coordinating metal ion which can play a significant effect on the efficiency and mechanism of catalysis by the resulting complex. Here we observed and isolated mono-, bi- and tri-dentate complexes of both Ag(i) and Ru(ii) with 1 in which the resultant coordination mode was controlled by careful reagent selection. The catalytic activity of the Ru(ii) complexes for the transfer hydrogenation reaction of acetophenone with isopropanol was investigated. The unexpected formation of the pentaborate anion, [B5O6(OH)4](-), during the synthesis of complex 6a was found to have an unexpected positive effect by enhancing the catalysis rate. This work provides insights into the roles that different coordination modes, counterions and ligand hemilability play on the catalytic activity in transfer hydrogenations. PMID:27539740

  1. Synthesis, Characterization, and in Vitro Evaluation of a New TSPO-Selective Bifunctional Chelate Ligand.

    PubMed

    Denora, Nunzio; Margiotta, Nicola; Laquintana, Valentino; Lopedota, Angela; Cutrignelli, Annalisa; Losacco, Maurizio; Franco, Massimo; Natile, Giovanni

    2014-06-12

    The 18-kDa translocator protein (TSPO) is overexpressed in many types of cancers and is also abundant in activated microglial cells occurring in inflammatory neurodegenerative diseases. Thus, TSPO has become an extremely attractive subcellular target not only for imaging disease states overexpressing this protein, but also for a selective mitochondrial drug delivery. In this work we report the synthesis, the characterization, and the in vitro evaluation of a new TSPO-selective ligand, 2-(8-(2-(bis(pyridin-2-yl)methyl)amino)acetamido)-2-(4-chlorophenyl)H-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-3-yl)-N,N-dipropylacetamide (CB256), which fulfils the requirements for a bifunctional chelate approach. The goal was to provide a new TSPO ligand that could be used further to prepare coordination complexes of a metallo drug to be used in diagnosis and therapy. However, the ligand itself proved to be a potent tumor cell growth inhibitor and DNA double-strand breaker.

  2. Multicomponent Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of a Piperazine-Based Dopamine Receptor Ligand Library

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    A series of 1,4-disubstituted piperazine-based compounds were designed, synthesized, and evaluated as dopamine D2/D3 receptor ligands. The synthesis relies on the key multicomponent split-Ugi reaction, assessing its great potential in generating chemical diversity around the piperazine core. With the aim of evaluating the effect of such diversity on the dopamine receptor affinity, a small library of compounds was prepared, applying post-Ugi transformations. Ligand stimulated binding assays indicated that some compounds show a significant affinity, with Ki values up to 53 nM for the D2 receptor. Molecular docking studies with the D2 and D3 receptor homology models were also performed on selected compounds. They highlighted key interactions at the indole head and at the piperazine moiety, which resulted in good agreement with the known pharmacophore models, thus helping to explain the observed structure–activity relationship data. Molecular insights from this study could enable a rational improvement of the split-Ugi primary scaffold, toward more selective ligands. PMID:26288260

  3. Synthesis, crystal structure and investigation of mononuclear copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes of a new carboxylate rich tripodal ligand and their interaction with carbohydrates in alkaline aqueous solution

    PubMed Central

    Stewart, Christopher D.; Pedraza, Mayra; Arman, Hadi; Fan, Hua-Jun; Schilling, Eduardo Luiz; Szpoganicz, Bruno; Musie, Ghezai T.

    2016-01-01

    A new carboxylate rich asymmetric tripodal ligand, N-[2-carboxybenzomethyl]-N-[carboxymethyl]-β-alanine (H3camb), and its di-copper(II), (NH4)2[1]2, and di-zinc(II), ((CH3)4 N)2[2]2, complexes have been synthesized as carbohydrate binding models in aqueous solutions. The ligand and complexes have been fully characterized using several techniques, including single crystal X-ray diffraction. The interactions of (NH4)2[1]2 and ((CH3)4 N)2[2]2 with D-glucose, D-mannose, D-xylose and xylitol in aqueous alkaline media were investigated using UV–Vis and 13C-NMR spectroscopic techniques, respectively. The molar conductance, NMR and ESI–MS studies indicate that the complexes dissociate in solution to produce the respective complex anions, 1− and 2−. Complexes 1− and 2− showed chelating ability towards the naturally abundant and biologically relevant sugars, D-glucose, D-mannose, D-xylose, and xylitol. The complex ions bind to one molar equivalent of the sugars, even in the presence of stoichiometric excess of the substrates, in solution. Experimentally obtained spectroscopic data and computational results suggest that the substrates bind to the metal center in a bidentate fashion. Apparent binding constant values, pKapp, between the complexes and the substrates were determined and a specific mode of substrate binding is proposed. The pKapp and relativistic density functional theory (DFT) calculated Gibbs free energy values indicate that D-mannose displayed the strongest interaction with the complexes. Syntheses, characterizations, detailed substrate binding studies using spectroscopic techniques, single crystal X-ray diffraction and geometry optimizations of the complex-substrates with DFT calculations are also reported. PMID:25969174

  4. Ligand modeling and design

    SciTech Connect

    Hay, B.P.

    1997-10-01

    The purpose of this work is to develop and implement a molecular design basis for selecting organic ligands that would be used in the cost-effective removal of specific radionuclides from nuclear waste streams. Organic ligands with metal ion specificity are critical components in the development of solvent extraction and ion exchange processes that are highly selective for targeted radionuclides. The traditional approach to the development of such ligands involves lengthy programs of organic synthesis and testing, which in the absence of reliable methods for screening compounds before synthesis, results in wasted research effort. The author`s approach breaks down and simplifies this costly process with the aid of computer-based molecular modeling techniques. Commercial software for organic molecular modeling is being configured to examine the interactions between organic ligands and metal ions, yielding an inexpensive, commercially or readily available computational tool that can be used to predict the structures and energies of ligand-metal complexes. Users will be able to correlate the large body of existing experimental data on structure, solution binding affinity, and metal ion selectivity to develop structural design criteria. These criteria will provide a basis for selecting ligands that can be implemented in separations technologies through collaboration with other DOE national laboratories and private industry. The initial focus will be to select ether-based ligands that can be applied to the recovery and concentration of the alkali and alkaline earth metal ions including cesium, strontium, and radium.

  5. Design, classification, and strategies of synthesis of modular bidentate ligands based on aryl[2.2]paracyclophane backbone.

    PubMed

    Rozenberg, Valeria; Zhuravsky, Roman; Sergeeva, Elena

    2006-02-01

    The aryl[2.2]paracyclophane backbone, which is a "hybrid" of a configurationally rigid [2.2]paracyclophanyl unit and a biphenyl unit, is proposed as a new source for the chiral ligands. Classification of such ligands in accordance with mutual arrangement of the functional substituents and their nature is also introduced. Key strategic approaches to the synthesis of regioisomeric biphenols and hydroxyaldehydes, including Suzuki cross-coupling reaction, lithiation/electrophilic quench, and chiral resolution, are elaborated. Examples of their further modification and application of several O,O- and N,O-ligands as chiral inductors in asymmetric catalysis are described. PMID:16385621

  6. Uranium(VI) coordination polymers with pyromellitate ligand: Unique 1D channel structures and diverse fluorescence

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Yingjie; Bhadbhade, Mohan; Karatchevtseva, Inna; Price, Jason R.; Liu, Hao; Zhang, Zhaoming; Kong, Linggen; Čejka, Jiří; Lu, Kim; Lumpkin, Gregory R.

    2015-03-15

    Three new coordination polymers of uranium(VI) with pyromellitic acid (H{sub 4}btca) have been synthesized and structurally characterized. (ED)[(UO{sub 2})(btca)]·(DMSO)·3H{sub 2}O (1) (ED=ethylenediammonium; DMSO=dimethylsulfoxide) has a lamellar structure with intercalation of ED and DMSO. (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}[(UO{sub 2}){sub 6}O{sub 2}(OH){sub 6}(btca)]·~6H{sub 2}O (2) has a 3D framework built from 7-fold coordinated uranyl trinuclear units and btca ligands with 1D diamond-shaped channels (~8.5 Å×~8.6 Å). [(UO{sub 2}){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O)(btca)]·4H{sub 2}O (3) has a 3D network constructed by two types of 7-fold coordinated uranium polyhedron. The unique μ{sub 5}-coordination mode of btca in 3 enables the formation of 1D olive-shaped large channels (~4.5 Å×~19 Å). Vibrational modes, thermal stabilities and fluorescence properties have been investigated. - Graphical abstract: Table of content: three new uranium(VI) coordination polymers with pyromellitic acid (H{sub 4}btca) have been synthesized via room temperature and hydrothermal synthesis methods, and structurally characterized. Two to three dimensional (3D) frameworks are revealed. All 3D frameworks have unique 1D large channels. Their vibrational modes, thermal stabilities and photoluminescence properties have been investigated. - Highlights: • Three new coordination polymers of U(VI) with pyromellitic acid (H{sub 4}btca). • Structures from a 2D layer to 3D frameworks with unique 1D channels. • Unusual µ{sub 5}-(η{sub 1}:η{sub 2}:η{sub 1}:η{sub 2:}η{sub 1}) coordination mode of btca ligand. • Vibrational modes, thermal stabilities and luminescent properties reported.

  7. Synthesis, Characterization and Biological Evaluation of Transition Metal Complexes Derived from N, S Bidentate Ligands

    PubMed Central

    Md Yusof, Enis Nadia; Ravoof, Thahira Begum S. A.; Tiekink, Edward R. T.; Veerakumarasivam, Abhimanyu; Crouse, Karen Anne; Mohamed Tahir, Mohamed Ibrahim; Ahmad, Haslina

    2015-01-01

    Two bidentate NS ligands were synthesized by the condensation reaction of S-2-methylbenzyldithiocarbazate (S2MBDTC) with 2-methoxybenzaldehyde (2MB) and 3-methoxybenzaldehyde (3MB). The ligands were reacted separately with acetates of Cu(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) yielding 1:2 (metal:ligand) complexes. The metal complexes formed were expected to have a general formula of [M(NS)2] where M = Cu2+, Ni2+, and Zn2+. These compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductivity, magnetic susceptibility and various spectroscopic techniques. The magnetic susceptibility measurements and spectral results supported the predicted coordination geometry in which the Schiff bases behaved as bidentate NS donor ligands coordinating via the azomethine nitrogen and thiolate sulfur. The molecular structures of the isomeric S2M2MBH (1) and S2M3MBH (2) were established by X-ray crystallography to have very similar l-shaped structures. The Schiff bases and their metal complexes were evaluated for their biological activities against estrogen receptor-positive (MCF-7) and estrogen receptor-negative (MDA-MB-231) breast cancer cell lines. Only the Cu(II) complexes showed marked cytotoxicity against the cancer cell lines. Both Schiff bases and other metal complexes were found to be inactive. In concordance with the cytotoxicity studies, the DNA binding studies indicated that Cu(II) complexes have a strong DNA binding affinity. PMID:25988384

  8. Synthesis and cytotoxicity of three trans-palladium complexes containing planaramine ligands in human ovarian tumor models.

    PubMed

    Mazumder, Mohammed Ehsanul Hoque; Beale, Philip; Chan, Charles; Yu, Jun Qing; Huq, Fazlul

    2012-10-01

    The present study deals with the synthesis, characterization, and activity against human ovarian cancer cell lines A2780, A2780(cisR), A2780(ZD0473R), and SKOV-3 of three trans-planaramine-palladium(II) complexes of the form trans-PdL(2)Cl(2), coded as EH1, EH3, and EH4, for which L = 2-methylpyridine, imidazole, and 1,2-α-imidazopyridine, respectively. The cellular accumulation of palladium, palladium-DNA binding levels, and the nature of interactions of the compounds with salmon sperm and pBR322 plasmid DNA were also determined. All three compounds were found to be less active than cisplatin, but unlike cisplatin they were found to be equally or more active against the resistant cell lines A2780(cisR) and A2780(ZD0473R) than against the parent cell line A2780. Among the three palladium complexes, EH4 (which has the bulkiest carrier ligand) was found to be most active, in line with the highest cellular accumulation of palladium and highest level of palladium-DNA binding resulting from the compound. EH4 was also found to cause the greatest conformational change to pBR322 plasmid DNA. The results of this study illustrate structure-activity relationships; in particular, they support the idea that the decreased reactivity of trans-palladium complexes through the introduction of bulky ligands can make them more active against tumors.

  9. Efficiency of hit generation and structural characterization in fragment-based ligand discovery.

    PubMed

    Larsson, Andreas; Jansson, Anna; Åberg, Anders; Nordlund, Pär

    2011-08-01

    Fragment-based ligand discovery constitutes a useful strategy for the generation of high affinity ligands with suitable physico-chemical properties to serve as drug leads. There is an increasing number of generic biophysical screening strategies established with the potential for accelerating the generation of useful fragment hits. Crystal structures of these hits can subsequently be used as starting points for fragment evolution to high affinity ligands. Emerging understanding of the efficiency and operative aspects of hit generation and structural characterization in FBLD suggests that this method should be well suited for academic ligand development of chemical tools and experimental therapeutics.

  10. Scoring ligand similarity in structure-based virtual screening.

    PubMed

    Zavodszky, Maria I; Rohatgi, Anjali; Van Voorst, Jeffrey R; Yan, Honggao; Kuhn, Leslie A

    2009-01-01

    Scoring to identify high-affinity compounds remains a challenge in virtual screening. On one hand, protein-ligand scoring focuses on weighting favorable and unfavorable interactions between the two molecules. Ligand-based scoring, on the other hand, focuses on how well the shape and chemistry of each ligand candidate overlay on a three-dimensional reference ligand. Our hypothesis is that a hybrid approach, using ligand-based scoring to rank dockings selected by protein-ligand scoring, can ensure that high-ranking molecules mimic the shape and chemistry of a known ligand while also complementing the binding site. Results from applying this approach to screen nearly 70 000 National Cancer Institute (NCI) compounds for thrombin inhibitors tend to support the hypothesis. EON ligand-based ranking of docked molecules yielded the majority (4/5) of newly discovered, low to mid-micromolar inhibitors from a panel of 27 assayed compounds, whereas ranking docked compounds by protein-ligand scoring alone resulted in one new inhibitor. Since the results depend on the choice of scoring function, an analysis of properties was performed on the top-scoring docked compounds according to five different protein-ligand scoring functions, plus EON scoring using three different reference compounds. The results indicate that the choice of scoring function, even among scoring functions measuring the same types of interactions, can have an unexpectedly large effect on which compounds are chosen from screening. Furthermore, there was almost no overlap between the top-scoring compounds from protein-ligand versus ligand-based scoring, indicating the two approaches provide complementary information. Matchprint analysis, a new addition to the SLIDE (Screening Ligands by Induced-fit Docking, Efficiently) screening toolset, facilitated comparison of docked molecules' interactions with those of known inhibitors. The majority of interactions conserved among top-scoring compounds for a given scoring

  11. Rare Earth Metal Complexes of Bidentate Nitroxide Ligands: Synthesis and Electrochemistry.

    PubMed

    Kim, Jee Eon; Bogart, Justin A; Carroll, Patrick J; Schelter, Eric J

    2016-01-19

    We report rare earth metal complexes with tri- and bidentate ligands including strongly electron-donating nitroxide groups. The tridentate ligand 1,3,5-tris(2'-tert-butylhydroxylaminoaryl)benzene (H3arene-triNOx) was complexed to cerium(IV) in a 2:1 ligand-to-metal stoichiometry as Ce(Harene-triNOx)2 (1). Cyclic voltammetry of this compound showed stabilization of the tetravalent cerium cation with a Ce(IV/III) couple at E1/2 = -1.82 V versus Fc/Fc(+). On the basis of the uninvolvement of the third nitroxide group in the coordination chemistry with the cerium(IV) cation, the ligand system was redesigned toward a simpler bidentate mode, and a series of rare earth metal-arene-diNOx complexes were prepared with La(III), Ce(IV), Pr(III), Tb(III), and Y(III), [RE(arene-diNOx)2](-) ([2-RE](-), RE = La, Pr, Y, Tb) and Ce(IV)(arene-diNOx)2, where H2arene-diNOx = 1,3-bis(2'-tert-butylhydroxylaminoaryl)benzene. The core structures were isostructural throughout the series, with three nitroxide groups in η(2) binding modes and one κ(1) nitroxide group coordinated to the metal center in the solid state. In all cases except Ce(IV)(arene-diNOx)2, electrochemical analysis described two subsequent, ligand-based, quasi-reversible redox waves, indicating that a stable [N-O•] group was generated on the electrochemical time scale. Chemical oxidation of the terbium complex was performed, and isolation of the resulting complex, Tb(arene-diNOx)2·CH2Cl2 (3·CH2Cl2), confirmed the assignment of the cyclic voltammograms. Magnetic data showed no evidence of mixing between the Tb(III) states and the states of the open-shell ligand.

  12. Ligand-tailored single-site silica supported titanium catalysts: Synthesis, characterization and towards cyanosilylation reaction

    SciTech Connect

    Xu, Wei; Li, Yani; Yu, Bo; Yang, Jindou; Zhang, Ying; Chen, Xi; Zhang, Guofang Gao, Ziwei

    2015-01-15

    A successive anchoring of Ti(NMe{sub 2}){sub 4}, cyclopentadiene and a O-donor ligand, 1-hydroxyethylbenzene (PEA), 1,1′-bi-2-naphthol (Binol) or 2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic acid diethyl ester (Tartrate), on silica was conducted by SOMC strategy in moderate conditions. The silica, monitored by in-situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (in-situ FT-IR), was pretreated at different temperatures (200, 500 and 800 °C). The ligand tailored silica-supported titanium complexes were characterized by in-situ FT-IR, {sup 13}C CP MAS-NMR, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) and elemental analysis in detail, verifying that the surface titanium species are single sited. The catalytic activity of the ligand tailored single-site silica supported titanium complexes was evaluated by a cyanosilylation of benzaldehyde. The results showed that the catalytic activity is dependent strongly on the dehydroxylation temperatures of silica and the configuration of the ligands. - Graphical abstract: The ligand-tailored silica supported “single site” titanium complexes were synthesized by SOMC strategy and fully characterized. Their catalytic activity were evaluated by benzaldehyde silylcyanation. - Highlights: • Single-site silica supported Ti active species was prepared by SOMC technique. • O-donor ligand tailored Ti surface species was synthesized. • The surface species was characterized by XPS, {sup 13}C CP-MAS NMR, XANES etc. • Catalytic activity of the Ti active species in silylcyanation reaction was evaluated.

  13. Assessment of structural diversity in combinatorial synthesis.

    PubMed

    Fergus, Suzanne; Bender, Andreas; Spring, David R

    2005-06-01

    This article covers the combinatorial synthesis of small molecules with maximal structural diversity to generate a collection of pure compounds that are attractive for lead generation in a phenotypic, high-throughput screening approach. Nature synthesises diverse small molecules, but there are disadvantages with using natural product sources. The efficient chemical synthesis of structural diversity (and complexity) is the aim of diversity-oriented synthesis, and recent progress is reviewed. Specific highlights include a discussion of strategies to obtain structural diversity and an analysis of molecular descriptors used to classify compounds. The assessment of how successful one synthesis is versus another is subjective, therefore we test-drive software to assess structural diversity in combinatorial synthesis, which is freely available via a web interface.

  14. Ligand-tailored single-site silica supported titanium catalysts: Synthesis, characterization and towards cyanosilylation reaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Wei; Li, Yani; Yu, Bo; Yang, Jindou; Zhang, Ying; Chen, Xi; Zhang, Guofang; Gao, Ziwei

    2015-01-01

    A successive anchoring of Ti(NMe2)4, cyclopentadiene and a O-donor ligand, 1-hydroxyethylbenzene (PEA), 1,1‧-bi-2-naphthol (Binol) or 2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic acid diethyl ester (Tartrate), on silica was conducted by SOMC strategy in moderate conditions. The silica, monitored by in-situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (in-situ FT-IR), was pretreated at different temperatures (200, 500 and 800 °C). The ligand tailored silica-supported titanium complexes were characterized by in-situ FT-IR, 13C CP MAS-NMR, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) and elemental analysis in detail, verifying that the surface titanium species are single sited. The catalytic activity of the ligand tailored single-site silica supported titanium complexes was evaluated by a cyanosilylation of benzaldehyde. The results showed that the catalytic activity is dependent strongly on the dehydroxylation temperatures of silica and the configuration of the ligands.

  15. Ferrocene-containing chelating ligands. 1. Solution study, synthesis, crystal structure, and electronic properties of bis[l brace]N,N[prime]-ethylenebis((ferrocenylmethyl)amine)[r brace]copper(II) nitrate

    SciTech Connect

    Benito, A.; Cano, J.; Martinez-Manez, R.; Soto, J.; Paya, J. ); Lloret, F.; Julve, M.; Faus, J.; Marcos, M.D. )

    1993-03-31

    The synthesis of the Schiff base N,N[prime]-ethylenebis((ferrocenylmethylidene)amine),([eta][sup 5]-C[sub 5]H[sub 5])Fe[([eta][sup 5]-C[sub 5]H[sub 4])CH[double bond]N(CH[sub 2])[sub 2]N[double bond]CH([eta][sup 5]-C[sub 5]H[sub 4])]Fe([eta][sup 5]-C[sub 5]H[sub 5]) (1), its parent amine ([eta][sup 5]-C[sub 5]H[sub 5])Fe[([eta][sup 5]-C[sub 5]H[sub 4])CH[sub 2]NH(CH[sub 2])[sub 2]NHCH[sub 2]([eta][sup 5]-C[sub 5]H[sub 4])]Fe([eta][sup 5]-C[sub 5]H[sub 5]),Fc[sub 2]L (2), and the complex [Cu(Fc[sub 2]L)[sub 2](NO[sub 3])[sub 2

  16. NeoPHOX - a structurally tunable ligand system for asymmetric catalysis.

    PubMed

    Padevět, Jaroslav; Schrems, Marcus G; Scheil, Robin; Pfaltz, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    A synthesis of new NeoPHOX ligands derived from serine or threonine has been developed. The central intermediate is a NeoPHOX derivative bearing a methoxycarbonyl group at the stereogenic center next to the oxazoline N atom. The addition of methylmagnesium chloride leads to a tertiary alcohol, which can be acylated or silylated to produce NeoPHOX ligands with different sterical demand. The new NeoPHOX ligands were tested in the iridium-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation and palladium-catalyzed allylic substitution. In both reactions high enantioselectivities were achieved, that were comparable to the enantioselectivities obtained with the up to now best NeoPHOX ligand derived from expensive tert-leucine. PMID:27559370

  17. NeoPHOX – a structurally tunable ligand system for asymmetric catalysis

    PubMed Central

    Padevět, Jaroslav; Schrems, Marcus G; Scheil, Robin

    2016-01-01

    Summary A synthesis of new NeoPHOX ligands derived from serine or threonine has been developed. The central intermediate is a NeoPHOX derivative bearing a methoxycarbonyl group at the stereogenic center next to the oxazoline N atom. The addition of methylmagnesium chloride leads to a tertiary alcohol, which can be acylated or silylated to produce NeoPHOX ligands with different sterical demand. The new NeoPHOX ligands were tested in the iridium-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation and palladium-catalyzed allylic substitution. In both reactions high enantioselectivities were achieved, that were comparable to the enantioselectivities obtained with the up to now best NeoPHOX ligand derived from expensive tert-leucine. PMID:27559370

  18. Synthesis of unsymmetrical sulfides using ethyl potassium xanthogenate and recyclable copper catalyst under ligand-free conditions.

    PubMed

    Akkilagunta, Vijay Kumar; Kakulapati, Rama Rao

    2011-08-19

    The synthesis of unsymmetrical sulfides has been achieved in good to excellent yields with inexpensive ethyl potassium xanthogenate via cross-coupling reaction using recyclable CuO nanoparticles under ligand-free conditions.The copper oxide nanoparticles can be recovered and reused up to five cycles without loss of activity. PMID:21732640

  19. Photoluminescent mixed ligand complexes of CuX (X = Cl, Br, I) with PPh3 and a polydentate imino-pyridyl ligand - Syntheses, structural variations and catalytic property

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghorai, Anupam; Mondal, Jahangir; Patra, Goutam K.

    2015-10-01

    Three ternary copper(I) complexes [CuI2Cl2(L1)(PPh3)4] (1), [CuI2Br2(L1) (PPh3)4] (2) and [CuI2(μ-I)2 (μ-L1) (PPh3)2]n (3) have been prepared by reactions of CuX (X = Cl, Br and I) with PPh3 and the polydentate imino-pyridyl ligand L1. These complexes have been characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-Vis, NMR and X-ray crystallography. From single crystal structural analysis it has been found that complexes 1 and 2 are homo-dinuclear having non-bridging halide ions whereas complex 3 is a 1-D zig-zag co-ordination polymer containing bridged iodide ions. Complexes 1, 2 and 3 are photoluminescent at room temperature in chloroform whereas ligand L1 is non-emissive. The E½ values of the CuIsbnd CuII couple of 1, 2 and 3 are 0.98 V, 0.92 V and 0.42 V respectively (vs Ag/AgCl in 1 M KCl, scan rate 100 mV s-1). All three complexes function as effective catalysts for the synthesis of 2-substituted benzoxazoles.

  20. Probing the Structure, Composition, and Spatial Distribution of Ligands on Gold Nanorods.

    PubMed

    Hore, Michael J A; Ye, Xingchen; Ford, Jamie; Gao, Yuzhi; Fei, Jiayang; Wu, Qiong; Rowan, Stuart J; Composto, Russell J; Murray, Christopher B; Hammouda, Boualem

    2015-09-01

    The structure and size of ligands attached to the surfaces of gold nanorods, such as adsorbed surfactants or grafted polymers, are important considerations that facilitate the use of such nanoparticles in the human body, in advanced materials for energy harvesting, or in devices for single molecule detection. Here, we report small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements from surfactant or poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) coated gold nanorods in solution, which quantitatively determine the location, structure, and composition of these surface layers. In addition, by synthesizing gold nanorods using seed crystals which are coated with deuterated cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (dCTAB), we are able to exploit the isotopic sensitivity of SANS to study, for the first time, the retention of surfactant from the seed crystals to the final gold nanorod product, finding that very little exchange of the deuterated with hydrogenated surfactant occurs. Finally, we demonstrate that, when Au NRs are PEGylated using standard techniques, the surfactant bilayer remains intact, and while mass spectrometry detects the presence of both surfactant and PEG, the composition as measured from SANS is predominantly that of the surfactant. These measurements not only provide new insight into the synthesis and functionalization of gold nanorods but provide a quantitative picture of the structure of grafted polymer and surfactant layers on gold nanorod surfaces which has implications for the fabrication of plasmonic and biomedical materials.

  1. Laser synthesis of ligand-free bimetallic nanoparticles for plasmonic applications.

    PubMed

    Intartaglia, R; Das, G; Bagga, K; Gopalakrishnan, A; Genovese, A; Povia, M; Di Fabrizio, E; Cingolani, R; Diaspro, A; Brandi, F

    2013-03-01

    A picosecond laser ablation approach has been developed for the synthesis of ligand-free AuAg bimetallic NPs where the relative amount of Ag is controlled in situ through a laser shielding effect. Various measurements, such as optical spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy combined with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry, revealed the generation of homogenous 15 nm average size bimetallic NPs with different compositions and tunable localized surface plasmon resonance. Furthermore, ligand-free metallic nanoparticles with respect to chemically synthesized nanoparticles display outstanding properties, i.e. featureless Raman background spectrum, which is a basic requirement in many plasmonic applications such as Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy. Various molecules were chemisorbed on the nanoparticle and SERS investigations were carried out, by varying the laser wavelength. The SERS enhancement factor for AuAg bimetallic NPs shows an enhancement factor of about 5.7 × 10(5) with respect to the flat AuAg surface. PMID:23196320

  2. Laser synthesis of ligand-free bimetallic nanoparticles for plasmonic applications.

    PubMed

    Intartaglia, R; Das, G; Bagga, K; Gopalakrishnan, A; Genovese, A; Povia, M; Di Fabrizio, E; Cingolani, R; Diaspro, A; Brandi, F

    2013-03-01

    A picosecond laser ablation approach has been developed for the synthesis of ligand-free AuAg bimetallic NPs where the relative amount of Ag is controlled in situ through a laser shielding effect. Various measurements, such as optical spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy combined with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry, revealed the generation of homogenous 15 nm average size bimetallic NPs with different compositions and tunable localized surface plasmon resonance. Furthermore, ligand-free metallic nanoparticles with respect to chemically synthesized nanoparticles display outstanding properties, i.e. featureless Raman background spectrum, which is a basic requirement in many plasmonic applications such as Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy. Various molecules were chemisorbed on the nanoparticle and SERS investigations were carried out, by varying the laser wavelength. The SERS enhancement factor for AuAg bimetallic NPs shows an enhancement factor of about 5.7 × 10(5) with respect to the flat AuAg surface.

  3. Structural motifs recurring in different folds recognize the same ligand fragments

    PubMed Central

    Ausiello, Gabriele; Gherardini, Pier Federico; Gatti, Elena; Incani, Ottaviano; Helmer-Citterich, Manuela

    2009-01-01

    Background The structural analysis of protein ligand binding sites can provide information relevant for assigning functions to unknown proteins, to guide the drug discovery process and to infer relations among distant protein folds. Previous approaches to the comparative analysis of binding pockets have usually been focused either on the ligand or the protein component. Even though several useful observations have been made with these approaches they both have limitations. In the former case the analysis is restricted to binding pockets interacting with similar ligands, while in the latter it is difficult to systematically check whether the observed structural similarities have a functional significance. Results Here we propose a novel methodology that takes into account the structure of both the binding pocket and the ligand. We first look for local similarities in a set of binding pockets and then check whether the bound ligands, even if completely different, share a common fragment that can account for the presence of the structural motif. Thanks to this method we can identify structural motifs whose functional significance is explained by the presence of shared features in the interacting ligands. Conclusion The application of this method to a large dataset of binding pockets allows the identification of recurring protein motifs that bind specific ligand fragments, even in the context of molecules with a different overall structure. In addition some of these motifs are present in a high number of evolutionarily unrelated proteins. PMID:19527512

  4. Synthesis of new microbial pesticide metal complexes derived from coumarin-imine ligand.

    PubMed

    Elhusseiny, Amel F; Aazam, Elham S; Al-Amri, Huda M

    2014-07-15

    A series of metal complexes of zinc(II), cadmium(II), copper(II), nickel(II) and palladium(II) have been synthesized from coumarin-imine ligand, 8-[(1E)-1-(2-aminophenyliminio)ethyl]-2-oxo-2H-chromen-7-olate, [HL]. The structures of the complexes were proposed in the light of their spectroscopic, molar conductance, magnetic and thermal studies. The ligand coordinated in a tridentate manner through the azomethine nitrogen, the phenolic oxygen and the amine nitrogen and all complexes were non-electrolytes with different geometrical arrangements around the central metal ion. Photoluminescence data unambiguously showed remarkable fluorescence enhancement to Zn(2+) over other cations. The antimicrobial screening tests revealed that copper(II) complex exhibited the highest potency and its minimum inhibitory concentration on the enzymatic activities of the tested microbial species was determined. No toxin productivity was detected for all tested toxigenic species upon the exposure of copper complex. PMID:24704603

  5. Synthesis of new microbial pesticide metal complexes derived from coumarin-imine ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Elhusseiny, Amel F.; Aazam, Elham S.; Al-Amri, Huda M.

    2014-07-01

    A series of metal complexes of zinc(II), cadmium(II), copper(II), nickel(II) and palladium(II) have been synthesized from coumarin-imine ligand, 8-[(1E)-1-(2-aminophenyliminio)ethyl]-2-oxo-2H-chromen-7-olate, [HL]. The structures of the complexes were proposed in the light of their spectroscopic, molar conductance, magnetic and thermal studies. The ligand coordinated in a tridentate manner through the azomethine nitrogen, the phenolic oxygen and the amine nitrogen and all complexes were non-electrolytes with different geometrical arrangements around the central metal ion. Photoluminescence data unambiguously showed remarkable fluorescence enhancement to Zn2+ over other cations. The antimicrobial screening tests revealed that copper(II) complex exhibited the highest potency and its minimum inhibitory concentration on the enzymatic activities of the tested microbial species was determined. No toxin productivity was detected for all tested toxigenic species upon the exposure of copper complex.

  6. Synthesis of new tridentate 5-(arylazo) salicylaldimine ligands and their Cu (II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abbas, Samir Y.; Basyouni, Wahid M.; El-Bayouki, Khairy A. M.

    2013-10-01

    New tridentate Schiff base ligands (H2L) were synthesized via condensation of 5-(arylazo)salicylaldehydes and 2-aminophenol or 2-aminothiophenol. When the new salicylaldimines were subjected to react with CuCl2 in the presence of N(Et)3 yield the new complexes. The structure of the metal complexes was established by microanalyses, IR, UV spectra and thermal analyses. The results suggest that the ligands were coordinated to the copper ion in tridentate manner with ONO (or ONS) donor sites of the deprotonated phenolic-OH, azomethine-N, and deprotonated phenolic-OH (or deprotonated thiophenolic-SH). Furthermore, one water molecule was coordinated to the central metal atom. The composition of complexes can be represented as CuLṡH2O.

  7. New Iridium Complex Coordinated with Tetrathiafulvalene Substituted Triazole-pyridine Ligand: Synthesis, Photophysical and Electrochemical Properties.

    PubMed

    Niu, Zhi-Gang; Xie, Hui; He, Li-Rong; Li, Kai-Xiu; Xia, Qing; Wu, Dong-Min; Li, Gao-Nan

    2016-01-01

    A new iridium(III) complex based on the triazole-pyridine ligand with tetrathiafulvalene unit, [Ir(ppy)2(L)]PF6 (1), has been synthesized and structurally characterized. The absorption spectra, luminescent spectra and electrochemical behaviors of L and 1 have been investigated. Complex 1 is found to be emissive at room temperature with maxima at 481 and 510 nm. The broad and structured emission bands are suggested a mixing of 3LC (3π-π*) and 3CT (3MLCT) excited states. The influence of iridium ion coordination on the redox properties of the TTF has also been investigated by cyclic voltammetry. PMID:27333555

  8. Deglycobleomycin: solid-phase synthesis and DNA cleavage by the resin-bound ligand.

    PubMed

    Smith, Kenneth L; Tao, Zhi-Fu; Hashimoto, Shigeki; Leitheiser, Christopher J; Wu, Xihan; Hecht, Sidney M

    2002-04-01

    [structure: see text] A greatly improved solid-phase synthesis of deglycobleomycin using a Dde-based linker is reported. The resin-bound deglycobleomycin could be completely deblocked and assayed for DNA plasmid relaxation, sequence-selective DNA cleavage, and light production from a molecular beacon.

  9. One-dimensional mercury(II) halide coordination polymers of 3,6-bis(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine ligand: Synthesis, crystal structure, spectroscopic and DFT studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saghatforoush, Lotfali; Khoshtarkib, Zeinab; Amani, Vahid; Bakhtiari, Akbar; Hakimi, Mohammad; Keypour, Hassan

    2016-01-01

    Three new coordination polymers, [Hg(μ-bptz)X2]n (X=Cl (1), Br (2)) and [Hg2(μ-bptz)(μ-I)2I2]n (3) (bptz=3,6-bis(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine) were synthesized. X-ray structural analysis indicated that compounds 1 and 2 are composed of one-dimensional (1D) linear chains while the compound 3 has 1D stair-stepped structure. The electronic band structure along with density of states (DOS) calculated by the DFT method indicates that compound 1 and 2 are direct band gap semiconductors; however, compound 3 is an indirect semiconductor. The linear optical properties of the compounds are also calculated by DFT method. According to the DFT calculations, the observed emission band of the compounds in solid state is due to electron transfer from an excited bptz-π* state (CBs) to the top of VBs. 1H NMR spectra of the compounds indicate that, in solution phase, the compounds don't decompose completely. Thermal stability of the compounds is studied using TG, DTA methods.

  10. Synthesis, structure and photophysical properties of binuclear methylplatinum complexes containing cyclometalating 2-phenylpyridine or benzo{h}quinoline ligands: a comparison of intramolecular Pt-Pt and π-π interactions.

    PubMed

    Jamali, Sirous; Czerwieniec, Rafal; Kia, Reza; Jamshidi, Zahra; Zabel, Manfred

    2011-09-28

    The binuclear cyclometalated complexes [Pt(2)Me(2)(ppy)(2)(μ-dppm)], 1a, and [Pt(2)Me(2)(bhq)(2)(μ-dppm)], 1b, in which ppy = 2-phenylpyridyl, bhq = benzo{h}quinoline and dppm = bis(diphenylphosphino)methane, were synthesized by the reaction of [PtMe(SMe(2))(ppy)] or [PtMe(SMe(2))(bhq)] with 1/2 equiv of dppm at room temperature, respectively. Complexes 1a and 1b were fully characterized by multinuclear ((1)H, (31)P, (13)C, and (195)Pt) NMR spectroscopy and were further identified by single crystal X-ray structure determination. A comparison of the intramolecular Pt-Pt and π-π interactions in complexes 1a and 1b has been made on the basis of data on crystal structures and wave functions analysis. The binuclear complexes 1a and 1b are luminescent in the solid state, and showing relatively intense orange-red emissions stemming from (3)MMLCT excited states. The reaction of complex 1b with excess MeI gave the binuclear cyclometalated Pt(IV)-Pt(IV) complex [Pt(2)Me(4)(bhq)(2)(μ-I)(2)], 2. Crystal structure of complex 2 shows intermolecular C-H···I and C-H···π interactions in solid state. PMID:21822507

  11. Synthesis of a new Cd(II)-Ni(II) hetero-metallic coordination polymer base on citric acid ligand. X-ray structure, thermal stability, XPS and fluorescence studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mtioui-Sghaier, O.; Mendoza-Meroño, R.; Fernández-Zapico, E.; García-Granda, S.; Fernández-González, A.; Ktari, L.; Dammak, M.

    2016-02-01

    A new hetero-metallic polymer, NiCd(cit)(H2O) (cit = citrate), was synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. The structural analysis indicates the formation of a 2D structure, bridged by the cit4- group. This compound crystallizes in the monoclinic P21/c space group, with lattice parameters: a = 6.0817(3) Å, b = 14.9725(6) Å, c = 9.6817(5) Å, β = 101.353(5)°. Full characterization by powder diffraction analysis, thermocalorimetry and scanning electron microscopy, XPS and fluorescence have been carried out. The TG-MS and DSC results show that this compound is thermally stable up to 250 °C and the DSC profile shows a medium-intense endotherm centred at approximately 300 °C. The distances of Cd-O are in the range of 2.169(4)-2.647(4) Å, similar to pure cadmium(II)-citrate aqueous complex Cd(C6H6O7)(H2O). The six-coordinated Cd2+ is linked by carboxylate groups to form an infinite chain, which is further connected through NiO6 octahedral bridges to generate 2D structure in the bc plane.

  12. Spiro-fused carbohydrate oxazoline ligands: Synthesis and application as enantio-discrimination agents in asymmetric allylic alkylation

    PubMed Central

    Kraft, Jochen; Golkowski, Martin

    2016-01-01

    Summary In the present work, we describe a convenient synthesis of spiro-fused D-fructo- and D-psico-configurated oxazoline ligands and their application in asymmetric catalysis. The ligands were synthesized from readily available 3,4,5-tri-O-benzyl-1,2-O-isopropylidene-β-D-fructopyranose and 3,4,5-tri-O-benzyl-1,2-O-isopropylidene-β-D-psicopyranose, respectively. The latter compounds were partially deprotected under acidic conditions followed by condensation with thiocyanic acid to give an anomeric mixture of the corresponding 1,3-oxazolidine-2-thiones. The anomeric 1,3-oxazolidine-2-thiones were separated after successive benzylation, fully characterized and subjected to palladium catalyzed Suzuki–Miyaura coupling with 2-pyridineboronic acid N-phenyldiethanolamine ester to give the corresponding 2-pyridyl spiro-oxazoline (PyOx) ligands. The spiro-oxazoline ligands showed high asymmetric induction (up to 93% ee) when applied as chiral ligands in palladium-catalyzed allylic alkylation of 1,3-diphenylallyl acetate with dimethyl malonate. The D-fructo-PyOx ligand provided mainly the (R)-enantiomer while the D-psico-configurated ligand gave the (S)-enantiomer with a lower enantiomeric excess. PMID:26877819

  13. Synthesis, crystal structure and antimicrobial activities of two isomeric gold(I) complexes with nitrogen-containing heterocycle and triphenylphosphine ligands, [Au(L)(PPh3)] (HL = pyrazole and imidazole).

    PubMed

    Nomiya, K; Noguchi, R; Ohsawa, K; Tsuda, K; Oda, M

    2000-03-01

    Two isomeric gold(I)-triphenylphosphine complexes with nitrogen-containing heterocycles, [Au(L)(PPh3) (HL = pyrazole (1), imidazole (2)) were isolated as colorless cubic crystals for 1 and colorless plate crystals for 2, respectively. The crystal structures of 1 and 2 were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. These complexes were also fully characterized by complete elemental analyses, thermogravimetric/differential thermal analyses (TG/DTA) and FT-IR in the solid state and by solution NMR (31P, 1H and 13C) spectroscopy and molecular weight measurements in acetone solution. These complexes consisted of a monomeric 2-coordinate AuNP core both in the solid state and in solution. The molecular structures of 1 and 2 were compared with those of related gold(I) complexes, [Au(1,2,3-triz)(PPh3)] (3, Htriz = triazole), [Au(1,2,4-triz)(PPh3)]2 (4) as a dimer through a gold(I)-gold(I) bond in the solid state, and [Au(tetz)(PPh3)] (5, Htetz = tetrazole). Selective and effective antimicrobial activities against two gram-positive bacteria (B. subtilis, S. aureus) and modest activities against one yeast (C. albicans) found in these gold(I) complexes 1-4 are noteworthy, in contrast to poor activities observed in the corresponding silver(I) complexes. PMID:10857918

  14. Lithium diisopropylamide: oligomer structures at low ligand concentrations.

    PubMed

    Rutherford, J L; Collum, D B

    2001-01-17

    One- and two-dimensional (6)Li and (15)N NMR spectroscopic studies of lithium diisopropylamide (LDA) solvated by substoichiometric concentrations of oxetane, THF, Et(2)O, and diisopropylamine are described. Partially solvated dimers and trimers are identified. Possible benefits of carrying out organolithium chemistry at low ligand concentrations are discussed.

  15. Tetrahedral nickel nitrosyl complexes with tripodal [N3] and [Se3] donor ancillary ligands: structural and computational evidence that a linear nitrosyl is a trivalent ligand.

    PubMed

    Landry, Victoria K; Pang, Keliang; Quan, Stephanie M; Parkin, Gerard

    2007-02-28

    Linear nickel nitrosyl compounds supported by tridentate nitrogen and selenium ligands, namely the tris(3,5-dimethylpyrazolyl)hydroborato and tris(2-seleno-1-mesitylimidazolyl)hydroborato complexes, [TpMe2]NiNO and [TseMes]NiNO, have been synthesized and structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction. Computational studies demonstrate that the linear nitrosyl ligand behaves as a trivalent X3 ligand such that the Ni-N interaction has multiple bond character. PMID:17297507

  16. Clobenpropit analogs as dual activity ligands for the histamine H3 and H4 receptors: synthesis, pharmacological evaluation, and cross-target QSAR studies.

    PubMed

    Lim, Herman D; Istyastono, Enade P; van de Stolpe, Andrea; Romeo, Giuseppe; Gobbi, Silvia; Schepers, Marjo; Lahaye, Roger; Menge, Wiro M B P; Zuiderveld, Obbe P; Jongejan, Aldo; Smits, Rogier A; Bakker, Remko A; Haaksma, Eric E J; Leurs, Rob; de Esch, Iwan J P

    2009-06-01

    Previous studies have demonstrated that clobenpropit (N-(4-chlorobenzyl)-S-[3-(4(5)-imidazolyl)propyl]isothiourea) binds to both the human histamine H(3) receptor (H(3)R) and H(4) receptor (H(4)R). In this paper, we describe the synthesis and pharmacological characterization of a series of clobenpropit analogs, which vary in the functional group adjacent to the isothiourea moiety in order to study structural requirements for H(3)R and H(4)R ligands. The compounds show moderate to high affinity for both the human H(3)R and H(4)R. Furthermore, the changes in the functional group attached to the isothiourea moiety modulate the intrinsic activity of the ligands at the H(4)R, ranging from neutral antagonism to full agonism. QSAR models have been generated in order to explain the H(3)R and H(4)R affinities.

  17. Copper(II) coordination chain complex with the 2,5-bis(2-pyridyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole ligand and an asymmetric μ2-1,1-azido double-bridged: Synthesis, crystal structure and magnetic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Laachir, Abdelhakim; Guesmi, Salaheddine; Saadi, Mohamed; El Ammari, Lahcen; Mentré, Olivier; Vezin, Hervé; Colis, Silviu; Bentiss, Fouad

    2016-11-01

    A new asymmetric μ2-1,1-azido double bridged cooper (II), with 2,5-bis(2-pyridyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole (L), has been synthesized and characterized using single crystal X-ray diffraction, FT-IR, UV-Visible spectroscopic and magnetic measurements. The asymmetric unit of the title compound contains half molecule of formula, C12H8CuN10S, which crystallizes in the triclinic system, space group P 1 bar , with a = 6.5916 (4)Å, b = 10.6905 (7) Å, c = 11.5037 (7) Å, α = 106.508 (3)°, β = 105.538 (3)°, γ = 90.233 (4)°, V = 745.99 (8) Å3 and Z = 2. The structure consists of two [CuN5] prismatic polyhedra linked together by edge-sharing to build up a [Cu2N8] dimer arranged in chain. The connectivity along the chain is performed by Nsbnd N edge sharing between dimers. In the crystal, the molecules are linked together by Csbnd H⋯N hydrogen bonds and by π---π interactions between parallel pyridyl rings of neighboring molecules. The interpretation of FT-IR and UV-Vis spectra is consistent with the crystal structure determined by X-ray diffraction. The magnetic properties of the complex confirm the picture of an alternated … Cu-J1-Cu ….J2 … Cu-J1-Cu … magnetic chains. We found in the dimers weak antiferromagnetic exchange interactions J1/k = -5.9 (1) k and between them J2/k = -2.3 k.

  18. Structural determinants for the inhibitory ligands of orotidine-5′-monophosphate decarboxylase

    SciTech Connect

    Meza-Avina, Maria Elena; Wei, Lianhu; Liu, Yan; Poduch, Ewa; Bello, Angelica M.; Mishra, Ram K.; Pai, Emil F.; Kotra, Lakshmi P.

    2010-06-14

    In recent years, orotidine-5{prime}-monophosphate decarboxylase (ODCase) has gained renewed attention as a drug target. As a part of continuing efforts to design novel inhibitors of ODCase, we undertook a comprehensive study of potent, structurally diverse ligands of ODCase and analyzed their structural interactions in the active site of ODCase. These ligands comprise of pyrazole or pyrimidine nucleotides including the mononucleotide derivatives of pyrazofurin, barbiturate ribonucleoside, and 5-cyanouridine, as well as, in a computational approach, 1,4-dihydropyridine-based non-nucleoside inhibitors such as nifedipine and nimodipine. All these ligands bind in the active site of ODCase exhibiting distinct interactions paving the way to design novel inhibitors against this interesting enzyme. We propose an empirical model for the ligand structure for rational modifications in new drug design and potentially new lead structures.

  19. Zeolitic polyoxometalates metal organic frameworks (Z-POMOF) with imidazole ligands and epsilon-Keggin ions as building blocks; computational evaluation of hypothetical polymorphs and a synthesis approach.

    PubMed

    Rodriguez Albelo, L Marleny; Ruiz-Salvador, A Rabdel; Lewis, Dewi W; Gómez, Ariel; Mialane, Pierre; Marrot, Jérome; Dolbecq, Anne; Sampieri, Alvaro; Mellot-Draznieks, Caroline

    2010-08-14

    We investigate here a new family of zeolitic Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) based on imidazole (im) as the ligand and epsilon-type Keggin PolyOxoMetalates (POMs) as building units. The POM used in this study is the epsilon-{PMo(12)O(40)} Keggin isomer capped by four Zn(ii) ions (noted epsilon-Zn) in tetrahedral coordination. We describe here our methods to first construct and then evaluate the stability of hypothetical 3-D POMOFs possessing a tetrahedral network, typified by dense silica polymorphs and zeotypes and referred here to as Z-POMOFs. We use the analogy between the connectivity of silicon ion in dense minerals or zeolites and the epsilon-Zn, using imidazolate ligands to mimic the role of oxygen atoms in zeolites. Handling the epsilon-Keggin and imidazole as the constitutive building-blocks, a selection of 40 polymorphs were constructed and their relative stabilities computed. Among these Z-POMOFs, the cristobalite-like and zni-structure were identified as the most stable candidates. In parallel, we have attempted to synthesize Z-POMOF structures with epsilon-Zn POMs, synthesized in situ under hydrothermal conditions, and imidazole ligands. We present our first experimental result, the extended material [NBu(4)][PMo(V)(8)Mo(VI)(4)O(37)(OH)(3)Zn(4)(im)(Him)], named epsilon(im)(2). The structure of the hybrid framework is built by the connection of dimerized epsilon-Zn POMs to imidazole ligands in two directions. The obtaining of the first POMOF based on imidazole ligand is an encouraging step towards the synthesis of a new family of POMOFs.

  20. Uncoupling the Structure-Activity Relationships of β2 Adrenergic Receptor Ligands from Membrane Binding.

    PubMed

    Dickson, Callum J; Hornak, Viktor; Velez-Vega, Camilo; McKay, Daniel J J; Reilly, John; Sandham, David A; Shaw, Duncan; Fairhurst, Robin A; Charlton, Steven J; Sykes, David A; Pearlstein, Robert A; Duca, Jose S

    2016-06-23

    Ligand binding to membrane proteins may be significantly influenced by the interaction of ligands with the membrane. In particular, the microscopic ligand concentration within the membrane surface solvation layer may exceed that in bulk solvent, resulting in overestimation of the intrinsic protein-ligand binding contribution to the apparent/measured affinity. Using published binding data for a set of small molecules with the β2 adrenergic receptor, we demonstrate that deconvolution of membrane and protein binding contributions allows for improved structure-activity relationship analysis and structure-based drug design. Molecular dynamics simulations of ligand bound membrane protein complexes were used to validate binding poses, allowing analysis of key interactions and binding site solvation to develop structure-activity relationships of β2 ligand binding. The resulting relationships are consistent with intrinsic binding affinity (corrected for membrane interaction). The successful structure-based design of ligands targeting membrane proteins may require an assessment of membrane affinity to uncouple protein binding from membrane interactions. PMID:27239696

  1. Synthesis and characterization of substituted Schiff-base ligands and their d(10) metal complexes: structure-induced luminescence tuning behaviors and applications in co-sensitized solar cells.

    PubMed

    Dong, Yu-Wei; Fan, Rui-Qing; Wang, Ping; Wei, Li-Guo; Wang, Xin-Ming; Zhang, Hui-Jie; Gao, Song; Yang, Yu-Lin; Wang, Yu-Lei

    2015-03-28

    Nine IIB group complexes, [ZnL1Cl2] (Zn1), [CdL1Cl2]2 (Cd1), [HgL1Cl2] (Hg1), [ZnL2Cl2] (Zn2), [CdL2Cl2] (Cd2), [HgL2Cl2] (Hg2), [ZnL3Cl2] (Zn3), [CdL3Cl2] (Cd3) and [HgL3Cl2] (Hg3), have been synthesized from the corresponding ortho-(6-methoxy-pyridyl)(CH[double bond, length as m-dash]NAr) (where Ar = 2,6-iPr2C6H3, L1; 4-MeC6H4, L2; 2-OMeC6H4, L3) Schiff base and structurally characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, (1)H NMR and X-ray single-crystal analysis. Crystallographic studies reveal that the center metal of the complexes adopts a distorted tetrahedron geometry (except for Cd1 and Cd3, which display square pyramidal geometry) and C-HCl hydrogen bonds and ππ stacking interactions contribute to three-dimensional supramolecular structures. The series of complexes exhibit tunable luminescence from blue, through green, to light yellow by varying the temperature (298 K and 77 K), both in solution and in the solid state. Moreover, the quantum yields range from 0.027 to 0.422, and decrease according to the order of the periodic table (Zn > Cd > Hg). These results indicate that the center atom of the complexes leads to the geometry differences and hence to the tunable luminescence properties. Because Zn1-Zn3 exhibited higher molar extinction coefficients and a distinct absorption region, they were employed as co-sensitizers in ruthenium dye N719-sensitized photoanodes to deliver light-electricity efficiency enhancement, being assembled with counter-electrodes and electrolyte to prepare ZnX/N719 (where ZnX = Zn1, Zn2, and Zn3) co-sensitized dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC) devices. The prepared co-absorbent could overcome the deficiency of N719 absorption in the low-wavelength region of the visible spectrum, and offset competitive visible-light absorption of I3(-). Application of these prepared complexes in N719-sensitized solar cells enhanced their performance by 10-36%, which indicated a potential application of these types of complexes in DSSCs. PMID:25597537

  2. A new copper(II) chelate complex with tridentate ligand: Synthesis, crystal and molecular electronic structure of aqua-(diethylenetriamine-N, N‧, N‧‧)-copper(II) sulfate monohydrate and its fire retardant properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lavrenyuk, H.; Mykhalichko, O.; Zarychta, B.; Olijnyk, V.; Mykhalichko, B.

    2015-09-01

    The crystals of a new aqua-(diethylenetriamine-N, N‧, N‧‧)-copper(II) sulfate monohydrate have been synthesized by direct interaction of solid copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate with diethylenetriamine (deta). The crystal structure of [Cu(deta)H2O]SO4ṡH2O (1) has been determined by X-ray diffraction methods at 100 K and characterized using X-ray powder diffraction pattern: space group P 1 bar, a = 7.2819(4), b = 8.4669(4), c = 8.7020(3) Å, α = 83.590(3), β = 89.620(4), γ = 84.946(4)°, Z = 2. The environment of the Cu(II) atom is a distorted, elongated square pyramid which consists of three nitrogen atoms of the deta molecule and oxygen atom of the water molecule in the basal plane of the square pyramid (the average lengths of the in-plane Cu-N and Cu-O bonds are 2.00 Å). The apical position of the coordination polyhedron is occupied by complementary oxygen atom of the sulfate anion (the length of the axial Cu-O bond is 2.421(1) Å). The crystal packing is governed by strong hydrogen bonds of O-H⋯O and N-H⋯O types. The ab initio quantum-chemical calculations have been performed by the restricted Hartree-Fock method with a basis set 6-31∗G using the structural data of [Cu(deta)H2O]SO4ṡH2O. It has been ascertained that the degenerate d-orbitals of the Cu2+ ion split under the co-action of both the square-pyramidal coordination and the chelation. It is significant that visually observed crystals color (blue-violet) of the [Cu(deta)H2O]SO4ṡH2O complex is in good agreement with the calculated value of wavelength of visible light (λ = 5735 Å) which is closely related to the energy of the absorbed photon (Δ = 2.161 eV). Furthermore, the stereo-chemical aspect of influence of the CuSO4 upon combustibility of modified epoxy-amine polymers has been scrutinized.

  3. Synthesis of mixed silylene-carbene chelate ligands from N-heterocyclic silylcarbenes mediated by nickel.

    PubMed

    Tan, Gengwen; Enthaler, Stephan; Inoue, Shigeyoshi; Blom, Burgert; Driess, Matthias

    2015-02-01

    The Ni(II) -mediated tautomerization of the N-heterocyclic hydrosilylcarbene L(2) Si(H)(CH2 )NHC 1, where L(2) =CH(CCH2 )(CMe)(NAr)2 , Ar=2,6-iPr2 C6 H3 ; NHC=3,4,5-trimethylimidazol-2-yliden-6-yl, leads to the first N-heterocyclic silylene (NHSi)-carbene (NHC) chelate ligand in the dibromo nickel(II) complex [L(1) Si:(CH2 )(NHC)NiBr2 ] 2 (L(1) =CH(MeCNAr)2 ). Reduction of 2 with KC8 in the presence of PMe3 as an auxiliary ligand afforded, depending on the reaction time, the N-heterocyclic silyl-NHC bromo Ni(II) complex [L(2) Si(CH2 )NHCNiBr(PMe3 )] 3 and the unique Ni(0) complex [η(2) (Si-H){L(2) Si(H)(CH2 )NHC}Ni(PMe3 )2 ] 4 featuring an agostic SiH→Ni bonding interaction. When 1,2-bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane (DMPE) was employed as an exogenous ligand, the first NHSi-NHC chelate-ligand-stabilized Ni(0) complex [L(1) Si:(CH2 )NHCNi(dmpe)] 5 could be isolated. Moreover, the dicarbonyl Ni(0) complex 6, [L(1) Si:(CH2 )NHCNi(CO)2 ], is easily accessible by the reduction of 2 with K(BHEt3 ) under a CO atmosphere. The complexes were spectroscopically and structurally characterized. Furthermore, complex 2 can serve as an efficient precatalyst for Kumada-Corriu-type cross-coupling reactions.

  4. Synthesis and crystal structure of a new copper(II) complex with N,N‧-(4,4‧-bithiazole-2,2‧-diyl)diacetimidamide as ligand: Molecular docking, DNA-binding and cytotoxicity activity studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Ling-Dong; Zheng, Kang; Li, Yan-Tuan; Wu, Zhi-Yong; Yan, Cui-Wei

    2013-04-01

    A new mononuclear copper(II) complex with formula of [Cu2H(DABTA)2](pic)ṡ6H2O, where H2DABTA and pic- stand for N,N'-(4,4'-bithiazole-2,2'-diyl)diacetimidamide and picrate ion, respectively, has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductivity measurement, IR and electronic spectra studies, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The crystal structure reveals that the copper(II) ion has a {CuN4} square-planar coordination environment. The solvent water molecules form a column parallel to c axis by hydrogen bonds. Then the mononuclear copper complexes link to the water columns to make a three-dimensional hydrogen bonding grid with the cavities filled by pic- anions. Besides, there are offset π-π stacking interactions between thiazole rings in the supramolecular system. The interactions between the copper(II) complex and herring sperm DNA (HS-DNA) have been investigated by using electronic absorption titration, fluorescence titration and viscometry. The molecular docking of the complex with the self-complementary DNA duplex of sequence d(ACCGACGTCGGT)2 demonstrates that the complex is stabilized by additional electrostatic and hydrogen bonding interaction with the DNA. The copper(II) complex exhibits potent anticancer activities against human hepatocellular carcinoma cell SMMC-7721 and human lung adenocarcinoma cell A549.

  5. Mixed ligand complexes of Cu(II)-2-(2-pyridyl)-benzimidazole and aliphatic or aromatic dicarboxylic acids: Synthesis, characterization and biological activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Sherif, Ahmed A.; Jeragh, Bakir J. A.

    2007-11-01

    The synthesis and structural characterization of mixed ligand complexes derived from 2-(2-pyridyl)-benzimidazole (PBI) (1ry ligand) and aliphatic or aromatic dicarboxylic acids (2ry ligand) are reported. Cu(II) complexes were characterized on the bases of their elemental analyses, IR, ESR and thermal analyses. The elemental analysis indicated the formation of mixed ligand complexes in a mole ratio 1:1:1 (Cu:L 1:L 2), L 1 = PBI and L 2 = oxalic acid, phthalic acid or malonic acid. IR spectra showed that PBI acts as a neutral bidentate coordinated to the Cu(II) via the pyridyl and imidazolyl nitrogen atoms. The dicarboxylic acids are bidentate with monodentate carboxylate groups. Thermal decomposition study of complexes was monitored by thermogravimetric (TG) and derivative thermogravimetric (DTG) analysis in N 2 atmosphere. The decomposition course and steps were analysed and the activation parameters of the nonisothermal decomposition were calculated from the TG curves and discussed. The isolated metal chelates were screened for their antimicrobial activities and the results are reported, discussed and compared with some known antibiotics.

  6. Synthesis and evaluation of antineurotoxicity properties of an amyloid-β peptide targeting ligand containing a triamino acid.

    PubMed

    Honcharenko, Dmytro; Bose, Partha Pratim; Maity, Jyotirmoy; Kurudenkandy, Firoz Roshan; Juneja, Alok; Flöistrup, Erik; Biverstål, Henrik; Johansson, Jan; Nilsson, Lennart; Fisahn, André; Strömberg, Roger

    2014-09-14

    Peptide-like compounds containing an arginine have been shown to bind and stabilize the central helix of the Alzheimer's disease related amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) in an α-helical conformation, thereby delaying its aggregation into cytotoxic species. Here we study a novel Aβ targeting ligand AEDabDab containing the triamino acid, N(γ)-(2-aminoethyl)-2,4-diaminobutanoic (AEDab) acid. The new AEDab triamino acid carries an extra positive charge in the side chain and is designed to be incorporated into a ligand AEDabDab where the AEDab replaces an arginine moiety in a previously developed ligand Pep1b. This is done in order to increase the Aβ-ligand interaction, and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation of the stability of the Aβ central helix in the presence of the AEDabDab ligand shows further stabilization of the helical conformation of Aβ compared to the previously reported Pep1b as well as compared to the AEOrnDab ligand containing an N(δ)-(2-aminoethyl)-2,5-diaminopentanoic acid unit which has an additional methylene group. To evaluate the effect of the AEDabDab ligand on the Aβ neurotoxicity the AEDab triamino acid building block is synthesized by reductive alkylation of N-protected-glycinal with α-amino-protected diaminobutanoic acid, and the Aβ targeting ligand AEDabDab is prepared by solid-phase synthesis starting with attachment of glutarate to the Wang support. Replacement of the arginine residue by the AEDab triamino acid resulted in an improved capability of the ligand to prevent the Aβ1-42 induced reduction of gamma (γ) oscillations in hippocampal slice preparation.

  7. Low-dimensional compounds containing bioactive ligands. Part VI: Synthesis, structures, in vitro DNA binding, antimicrobial and anticancer properties of first row transition metal complexes with 5-chloro-quinolin-8-ol.

    PubMed

    Potočňák, Ivan; Vranec, Peter; Farkasová, Veronika; Sabolová, Danica; Vataščinová, Michaela; Kudláčová, Júlia; Radojević, Ivana D; Čomić, Ljiljana R; Markovic, Bojana Simovic; Volarevic, Vladislav; Arsenijevic, Nebojsa; Trifunović, Srećko R

    2016-01-01

    A series of new 3d metal complexes with 5-chloro-quinolin-8-ol (ClQ), [Mn(ClQ)2] (1), [Fe(ClQ)3] (2), [Co(ClQ)2(H2O)2] (3), [Ni(ClQ)2(H2O)2] (4), [Cu(ClQ)2] (5), [Zn(ClQ)2(H2O)2] (6), [Mn(ClQ)3]·DMF (7) and [Co(ClQ)3]·DMF·(EtOH)0.35 (8) (DMF=N,N-dimethylformamide), has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy and TG-DTA thermal analysis. X-ray structure analysis of 7 and 8 revealed that these molecular complexes contain three chelate ClQ molecules coordinated to the central atoms in a deformed octahedral geometry and free space between the complex units is filled by solvated DMF and ethanol molecules. Antimicrobial activity of 1-6 was tested by determining the minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum microbicidal concentration against 12 strains of bacteria and 5 strains of fungi. The intensity of antimicrobial action varies depending on the group of microorganism and can be sorted: 1>ClQ>6>3/4>2>5. Complexes 1-6 exhibit high cytotoxic activity against MDA-MB, HCT-116 and A549 cancer cell lines. Among them, complex 2 is significantly more cytotoxic against MDA-MB cells than cisplatin at all tested concentrations and is not cytotoxic against control mesenchymal stem cells indicating that this complex seems to be a good candidate for future pharmacological evaluation. Interaction of 1-6 with DNA was investigated using UV-VIS spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy and agarose gel electrophoresis. The binding studies indicate that 1-6 can interact with CT-DNA through intercalation; complex 2 has the highest binding affinity. Moreover, complexes 1-6 inhibit the catalytic activity of topoisomerase I.

  8. Combining on-chip synthesis of a focused combinatorial library with computational target prediction reveals imidazopyridine GPCR ligands.

    PubMed

    Reutlinger, Michael; Rodrigues, Tiago; Schneider, Petra; Schneider, Gisbert

    2014-01-01

    Using the example of the Ugi three-component reaction we report a fast and efficient microfluidic-assisted entry into the imidazopyridine scaffold, where building block prioritization was coupled to a new computational method for predicting ligand-target associations. We identified an innovative GPCR-modulating combinatorial chemotype featuring ligand-efficient adenosine A1/2B and adrenergic α1A/B receptor antagonists. Our results suggest the tight integration of microfluidics-assisted synthesis with computer-based target prediction as a viable approach to rapidly generate bioactivity-focused combinatorial compound libraries with high success rates.

  9. Synthesis and Characterization of Privileged Monodentate Phosphoramidite Ligands and Chiral Brønsted Acids Derived from d-Mannitol

    PubMed Central

    Al-Majid, Abdullah Mohammed A.; Barakat, Assem; Mabkhot, Yahia Nasser; Islam, Mohammad Shahidul

    2012-01-01

    The synthesis of several novel chiral phosphoramidite ligands (L1–L8) with C2 symmetric, pseudo C2 symmetric secondary amines and chiral Brønsted acids 1a,b has been achieved. These chiral auxiliaries were obtained from commercially available d-mannitol, and secondary amines in moderate to excellent yields. Excellent diastereoselectivites of ten chiral auxiliaries were obtained. The chiral phosphoramidite ligands and chiral Brønsted acids were fully characterized by spectroscopic methods. PMID:22489121

  10. Lanthanide structures, coordination, and extraction investigations of a 1,3-bis(diethyl amide)-substituted caliz[4]arene ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Beer, P.D.; Ogden, M.I.; Drew, M.G.B.

    1996-04-10

    The synthesis and structure determinations of lanthanum, samarium, ytterbium, and lutetium complexes of 5,11,17,23-tetra-tert-butyl-25,27-bis((diethylcarbamoyl)methoxy)-26,28-dihydroxycalix[4]arene (L) are described. The four structures display similar characteristics with the trivalent lanthanide cation being encapsulated in an eight-coordinate oxygen environment, consisting of six oxygens from the calixarene, a water molecule, and unidentate picrate for lanthanum [La(L-2H)(picrate)(H{sub 2}O)]; and bidentate chelating picrate for the other lanthanides [Ln(L-2H)(picrate)]Ln = Sm, Yb, Lu. Under optimised experimental conditions solvent extraction investigations showed the calix[4]arene ligand L exhibited generally very high percentage extractabilities of lanthanide cations into dichloromethane, presumably on account of the ligand`s unique lower rim oxygen containing coordination sphere and its lipophilic exterior.

  11. Synthesis, characterization and anti-proliferative activity of Cd(II) complexes with NNN type pyrazole-based ligand and pseudohalide ligands as coligand.

    PubMed

    Hopa, Cigdem; Yildirim, Hatice; Kara, Hulya; Kurtaran, Raif; Alkan, Mahir

    2014-01-01

    Cd(II) complexes of tridentate nitrogen donor ligand, 2,6-bis(3,4,5-trimethylpyrazolyl)pyridine (btmpp), Cd(btmpp)X2 (X:Cl, ONO or N(CN)2) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental and spectral (FT-IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, UV-Vis) analyses, differential thermal analysis and single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. The molecular structure of reported complex 1, revealed distorted square-pyramidal geometry around Cadmium. Complexes 1-3 and corresponding ligand were tested for cytotoxic activity against the human carcinoma cell lines HEP3B (hepatocellular carcinoma), PC3 (prostate adenocarcinoma), MCF7 (breast adenocarcinoma) and Saos2 (osteosarcoma). The results show that, complexes are more cytotoxic than the free ligand and complex 2 is the most cytotoxic complex for PC3.

  12. Synthesis, characterization and anti-proliferative activity of Cd(II) complexes with NNN type pyrazole-based ligand and pseudohalide ligands as coligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hopa, Cigdem; Yildirim, Hatice; Kara, Hulya; Kurtaran, Raif; Alkan, Mahir

    2014-03-01

    Cd(II) complexes of tridentate nitrogen donor ligand, 2,6-bis(3,4,5-trimethylpyrazolyl)pyridine (btmpp), Cd(btmpp)X2 (X:Cl, ONO or N(CN)2) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental and spectral (FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, UV-Vis) analyses, differential thermal analysis and single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. The molecular structure of reported complex 1, revealed distorted square-pyramidal geometry around Cadmium. Complexes 1-3 and corresponding ligand were tested for cytotoxic activity against the human carcinoma cell lines HEP3B (hepatocellular carcinoma), PC3 (prostate adenocarcinoma), MCF7 (breast adenocarcinoma) and Saos2 (osteosarcoma). The results show that, complexes are more cytotoxic than the free ligand and complex 2 is the most cytotoxic complex for PC3.

  13. Synthesis, characterization and anti-proliferative activity of Cd(II) complexes with NNN type pyrazole-based ligand and pseudohalide ligands as coligand.

    PubMed

    Hopa, Cigdem; Yildirim, Hatice; Kara, Hulya; Kurtaran, Raif; Alkan, Mahir

    2014-01-01

    Cd(II) complexes of tridentate nitrogen donor ligand, 2,6-bis(3,4,5-trimethylpyrazolyl)pyridine (btmpp), Cd(btmpp)X2 (X:Cl, ONO or N(CN)2) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental and spectral (FT-IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, UV-Vis) analyses, differential thermal analysis and single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. The molecular structure of reported complex 1, revealed distorted square-pyramidal geometry around Cadmium. Complexes 1-3 and corresponding ligand were tested for cytotoxic activity against the human carcinoma cell lines HEP3B (hepatocellular carcinoma), PC3 (prostate adenocarcinoma), MCF7 (breast adenocarcinoma) and Saos2 (osteosarcoma). The results show that, complexes are more cytotoxic than the free ligand and complex 2 is the most cytotoxic complex for PC3. PMID:24252293

  14. Mixed ligand ruthenium(III) complexes of benzaldehyde 4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazones with triphenylphosphine/triphenylarsine co-ligands: Synthesis, DNA binding, DNA cleavage, antioxidative and cytotoxic activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sampath, K.; Sathiyaraj, S.; Raja, G.; Jayabalakrishnan, C.

    2013-08-01

    The new ruthenium(III) complexes with 4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone ligands, (E)-2-(2-chlorobenzylidene)-N-methylhydrazinecarbothioamide (HL1) and (E)-2-(2-nitrobenzylidene)-N-methylhydrazinecarbothioamide (HL2), were prepared and characterized by various physico-chemical and spectroscopic methods. The title compounds act as bidentate, monobasic chelating ligands with S and N as the donor sites and are preferably found in the thiol form in all the complexes studied. The molecular structure of HL1 and HL2 were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction method. DNA binding of the ligands and complexes were investigated by absorption spectroscopy and IR spectroscopy. It reveals that the compounds bind to nitrogenous bases of DNA via intercalation. The oxidative cleavage of the complexes with CT-DNA inferred that the effects of cleavage are dose dependent. Antioxidant study of the ligands and complexes showed the significant antioxidant activity against DPPH radical. In addition, the in vitro cytotoxicity of the ligands and complexes against MCF-7 cell line was assayed which showed higher cytotoxic activity with the lower IC50 values indicating their efficiency in killing the cancer cells even at low concentrations.

  15. Fancy bioisosteres: synthesis, SAR, and pharmacological investigations of novel nonaromatic dopamine D3 receptor ligands.

    PubMed

    Lenz, Carola; Boeckler, Frank; Hübner, Harald; Gmeiner, Peter

    2005-07-15

    Structural variations of the lead compound FAUC 88 led to dopaminergic enynes with an extended pi-system when Pd-catalyzed cross coupling reactions were employed for the key reaction steps. The dienyne 9b displayed substantial affinity for the dopamine receptor subtype D3 and remarkable selectivity over D4. Compared to FAUC 88, the novel fancy bioisostere 9b displayed reduced ligand efficacy. DFT-based conformational analysis of the test compound 9b, including the calculation of diagnostic magnetic shielding properties and their comparison with experimentally derived NMR data, indicated a clear energetic preference for the s-trans geometry of the diene substructure. PMID:15908220

  16. Synthesis of mixed-ligand complexes of rare-earth elements

    SciTech Connect

    Panyushkin, V.T.; Akhrimenko, N.V.

    1994-09-10

    The authors have synthesized mixed-ligand complexes of Nd(III), Sm(III), Eu(III), Tb(III), Dy(III), Ho(III), Er(III), and Yb(III) with acetylacetone (I) and unsaturated organic acids (II): maleic, fumaric, acrylic, and methacrylic. According to elemental analyses and thermogravimetric data the composition of Ln(I){sub 2}(II) {center_dot} 3H{sub 2}O does not depend on the basicity of the acid. The structure of compounds prepared was studied by IR, NMR, and luminescent spectroscopy.

  17. Essential considerations for using protein-ligand structures in drug discovery.

    PubMed

    Warren, Gregory L; Do, Thanh D; Kelley, Brian P; Nicholls, Anthony; Warren, Stephen D

    2012-12-01

    Protein-ligand structures are the core data required for structure-based drug design (SBDD). Understanding the error present in this data is essential to the successful development of SBDD tools. Methods for assessing protein-ligand structure quality and a new set of identification criteria are presented here. When these criteria were applied to a set of 728 structures previously used to validate molecular docking software, only 17% were found to be acceptable. Structures were re-refined to maintain internal consistency in the comparison and assessment of the quality criteria. This process resulted in Iridium, a highly trustworthy protein-ligand structure database to be used for development and validation of structure-based design tools for drug discovery.

  18. Structural determinants of ligand binding selectivity between the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors

    PubMed Central

    Xu, H. Eric; Lambert, Millard H.; Montana, Valerie G.; Plunket, Kelli D.; Moore, Linda B.; Collins, Jon L.; Oplinger, Jeffery A.; Kliewer, Steven A.; Gampe, Robert T.; McKee, David D.; Moore, John T.; Willson, Timothy M.

    2001-01-01

    The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are transcriptional regulators of glucose, lipid, and cholesterol metabolism. We report the x-ray crystal structure of the ligand binding domain of PPARα (NR1C1) as a complex with the agonist ligand GW409544 and a coactivator motif from the steroid receptor coactivator 1. Through comparison of the crystal structures of the ligand binding domains of the three human PPARs, we have identified molecular determinants of subtype selectivity. A single amino acid, which is tyrosine in PPARα and histidine in PPARγ, imparts subtype selectivity for both thiazolidinedione and nonthiazolidinedione ligands. The availability of high-resolution cocrystal structures of the three PPAR subtypes will aid the design of drugs for the treatments of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. PMID:11698662

  19. Controlling the Atomic Structure of Au30 Nanoclusters by a Ligand-Based Strategy.

    PubMed

    Higaki, Tatsuya; Liu, Chong; Zeng, Chenjie; Jin, Renxi; Chen, Yuxiang; Rosi, Nathaniel L; Jin, Rongchao

    2016-06-01

    We report the X-ray structure of a gold nanocluster with 30 gold atoms protected by 18 1-adamantanethiolate ligands (formulated as Au30 (S-Adm)18 ). This nanocluster exhibits a threefold rotationally symmetrical, hexagonal-close-packed (HCP) Au18 kernel protected by six dimeric Au2 (SR)3 staple motifs. This new structure is distinctly different from the previously reported Au30 S(S-(t) Bu)18 nanocluster protected by 18 tert-butylthiolate ligands and one sulfido ligand with a face-centered cubic (FCC) Au22 kernel. The Au30 (S-Adm)18 nanocluster has an anomalous solubility (it is only soluble in benzene but not in other common solvents). This work demonstrates a ligand-based strategy for controlling nanocluster structure and also provides a method for the discovery of possibly overlooked clusters because of their anomalous solubility.

  20. A Structural Switch between Agonist and Antagonist Bound Conformations for a Ligand-Optimized Model of the Human Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Ligand Binding Domain

    PubMed Central

    Perkins, Arden; Phillips, Jessica L.; Kerkvliet, Nancy I.; Tanguay, Robert L.; Perdew, Gary H.; Kolluri, Siva K.; Bisson, William H.

    2014-01-01

    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that regulates the expression of a diverse group of genes. Exogenous AHR ligands include the environmental contaminant 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), which is a potent agonist, and the synthetic AHR antagonist N-2-(1H-indol-3yl)ethyl)-9-isopropyl-2-(5-methylpyridin-3-yl)-9H-purin-6-amine (GNF351). As no experimentally determined structure of the ligand binding domain exists, homology models have been utilized for virtual ligand screening (VLS) to search for novel ligands. Here, we have developed an “agonist-optimized” homology model of the human AHR ligand binding domain, and this model aided in the discovery of two human AHR agonists by VLS. In addition, we performed molecular dynamics simulations of an agonist TCDD-bound and antagonist GNF351-bound version of this model in order to gain insights into the mechanics of the AHR ligand-binding pocket. These simulations identified residues 307–329 as a flexible segment of the AHR ligand pocket that adopts discrete conformations upon agonist or antagonist binding. This flexible segment of the AHR may act as a structural switch that determines the agonist or antagonist activity of a given AHR ligand. PMID:25329374

  1. Design and synthesis of novel bivalent ligands (MOR and DOR) by conjugation of enkephalin analogues with 4-anilidopiperidine derivatives.

    PubMed

    Deekonda, Srinivas; Wugalter, Lauren; Rankin, David; Largent-Milnes, Tally M; Davis, Peg; Wang, Yue; Bassirirad, Neemah M; Lai, Josephine; Kulkarni, Vinod; Vanderah, Todd W; Porreca, Frank; Hruby, Victor J

    2015-10-15

    We describe the design and synthesis of novel bivalent ligands based on the conjugation of 4-anilidopiperidine derivatives with enkephalin analogues. The design of non-peptide analogues is explored with 5-amino substituted (tetrahydronaphthalen-2yl) methyl containing 4-anilidopiperidine derivatives, while non-peptide-peptide ligands are explored by conjugating the C-terminus of enkephalin analogues (H-Xxx-DAla-Gly-Phe-OH) to the amino group of 4-anilidopiperidine small molecule derivatives with and without a linker. These novel bivalent ligands are evaluated for biological activities at μ and δ opioid receptors. They exhibit very good affinities at μ and δ opioid receptors, and potent agonist activities in MVD and GPI assays. Among these the lead bivalent ligand 17 showed excellent binding affinities (0.1 nM and 0.5 nM) at μ and δ opioid receptors respectively, and was found to have very potent agonist activities in MVD (56 ± 5.9 nM) and GPI (4.6 ± 1.9 nM) assays. In vivo the lead bivalent ligand 17 exhibited a short duration of action (<15 min) comparable to 4-anilidopiperidine derivatives, and moderate analgesic activity. The ligand 17 has limited application against acute pain but may have utility in settings where a highly reversible analgesic is required. PMID:26323872

  2. FINDSITEcomb: A threading/structure-based, proteomic-scale virtual ligand screening approach

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, Hongyi; Skolnick, Jeffrey

    2012-01-01

    Virtual ligand screening is an integral part of the modern drug discovery process. Traditional ligand-based, virtual screening approaches are fast but require a set of structurally diverse ligands known to bind to the target. Traditional structure-based approaches require high-resolution target protein structures and are computationally demanding. In contrast, the recently developed threading/structure-based FINDSITE-based approaches have the advantage that they are as fast as traditional ligand-based approaches and yet overcome the limitations of traditional ligand- or structure-based approaches. These new methods can use predicted low-resolution structures and infer the likelihood of a ligand binding to a target by utilizing ligand information excised from the target’s remote or close homologous proteins and/or libraries of ligand binding databases. Here, we develop an improved version of FINDSITE, FINDSITEfilt, that filters out false positive ligands in threading identified templates by a better binding site detection procedure that includes information about the binding site amino acid similarity. We then combine FINDSITEfilt with FINDSITEX that uses publicly available binding databases ChEMBL and DrugBank for virtual ligand screening. The combined approach, FINDSITEcomb, is compared to two traditional docking methods, AUTODOCK Vina and DOCK 6, on the DUD benchmark set. It is shown to be significantly better in terms of enrichment factor, dependence on target structure quality and speed. FINDSITEcomb is then tested for virtual ligand screening on a large set of 3,576 generic targets from the DrugBank database as well as a set of 168 Human GPCRs. Excluding close homologues, FINDSITEcomb gives an average enrichment factor of 52.1 for generic targets and 22.3 for GPCRs within the top 1% of the screened compound library. Around 65% of the targets have better than random enrichment factors. The performance is insensitive to target structure quality, as long as it

  3. Synthesis and spectroscopic behavior of highly luminescent Eu 3+-dibenzoylmethanate (DBM) complexes with sulfoxide ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Niyama, E.; Brito, H. F.; Cremona, M.; Teotonio, E. E. S.; Reyes, R.; Brito, G. E. S.; Felinto, M. C. F. C.

    2005-09-01

    In this paper the synthesis, characterization and photoluminescent behavior of the [RE(DBM) 3L 2] complexes (RE = Gd and Eu) with a variety of sulfoxide ligands; L = benzyl sulfoxide (DBSO), methyl sulfoxide (DMSO), phenyl sulfoxide (DPSO) and p-tolyl sulfoxide (PTSO) have been investigated in solid state. The emission spectra of the Eu 3+-β-diketonate complexes show characteristics narrow bands arising from the 5D 0 → 7F J ( J = 0-4) transitions, which are split according to the selection rule for C n, C nv or C s site symmetries. The experimental Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters ( Ω2 and Ω4), radiative ( Arad) and non-radiative ( Anrad) decay rates, and R02 for the europium complexes have been determined and compared. The highest value of Ω2 (61.9 × 10 -20 cm 2) was obtained to the complex with PTSO ligand, indicating that Eu 3+ ion is in the highly polarizable chemical environment. The higher values of the experimental quantum yield ( q) and emission quantum efficiency of the emitter 5D 0 level ( η) for the Eu-complexes with DMSO, DBSO and PTSO sulfoxides suggest that these complexes are promising Light Conversion Molecular Devices (LCMDs). The lower value of quantum yield ( q = 1%), for the hydrated complex [Eu(DBM) 3(H 2O)], indicates that the luminescence quenching occurs via multiphonon relaxation by coupling with the OH-oscillators from water molecule coordinated to rare earth ion. The pure red emission of the Eu-complexes has been confirmed by ( x, y) color coordinates.

  4. Synthesis and spectroscopic behavior of highly luminescent Eu(3+)-dibenzoylmethanate (DBM) complexes with sulfoxide ligands.

    PubMed

    Niyama, E; Brito, H F; Cremona, M; Teotonio, E E S; Reyes, R; Brito, G E S; Felinto, M C F C

    2005-09-01

    In this paper the synthesis, characterization and photoluminescent behavior of the [RE(DBM)3L2] complexes (RE=Gd and Eu) with a variety of sulfoxide ligands; L=benzyl sulfoxide (DBSO), methyl sulfoxide (DMSO), phenyl sulfoxide (DPSO) and p-tolyl sulfoxide (PTSO) have been investigated in solid state. The emission spectra of the Eu(3+)-beta-diketonate complexes show characteristics narrow bands arising from the 5D0-->7F(J) (J=0-4) transitions, which are split according to the selection rule for C(n), C(nv) or C(s) site symmetries. The experimental Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters (Omega2 and Omega4), radiative (A(rad)) and non-radiative (A(nrad)) decay rates, and R02 for the europium complexes have been determined and compared. The highest value of Omega2 (61.9x10(-20)cm2) was obtained to the complex with PTSO ligand, indicating that Eu3+ ion is in the highly polarizable chemical environment. The higher values of the experimental quantum yield (q) and emission quantum efficiency of the emitter 5D0 level (eta) for the Eu-complexes with DMSO, DBSO and PTSO sulfoxides suggest that these complexes are promising Light Conversion Molecular Devices (LCMDs). The lower value of quantum yield (q=1%), for the hydrated complex [Eu(DBM)3H2O], indicates that the luminescence quenching occurs via multiphonon relaxation by coupling with the OH-oscillators from water molecule coordinated to rare earth ion. The pure red emission of the Eu-complexes has been confirmed by (x, y) color coordinates.

  5. Synthesis : Convection, structure and evolution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schatzman, E.

    1997-12-01

    Lectures and discussions at the SCORe workshop have given a general idea of our present understanding of convection and oscillations and its application to the special case of the Sun. This {\\it SYNTHESIS} is just an attempt to present what seems to me to be the most important results, to draw attention to forgotten physical processes and to approach some important unsolved questions.

  6. Identification of the Ah-receptor structural determinants for ligand preferences.

    PubMed

    Xing, Yongna; Nukaya, Manabu; Satyshur, Kenneth A; Jiang, Li; Stanevich, Vitali; Korkmaz, Elif Nihal; Burdette, Lisa; Kennedy, Gregory D; Cui, Qiang; Bradfield, Christopher A

    2012-09-01

    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a transcription factor that responds to diverse ligands and plays a critical role in toxicology, immune function, and cardiovascular physiology. The structural basis of the AHR for ligand promiscuity and preferences is critical for understanding AHR function. Based on the structure of a closely related protein HIF2α, we modeled the AHR ligand binding domain (LBD) bound to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) and identified residues that control ligand preferences by shape and H-bond potential. Mutations to these residues, particularly Q377 and G298, resulted in robust and opposite changes in the potency of TCDD and BaP and up to a 20-fold change in the ratio of TCDD/BaP efficacy. The model also revealed a flexible "belt" structure; molecular dynamic (MD) simulation suggested that the "belt" and several other structural elements in the AHR-LBD are more flexible than HIF2α and likely contribute to ligand promiscuity. Molecular docking of TCDD congeners to a model of human AHR-LBD ranks their binding affinity similar to experimental ranking of their toxicity. Our study reveals key structural basis for prediction of toxicity and understanding the AHR signaling through diverse ligands. PMID:22659362

  7. Synthesis and Structural Revision of Cyslabdan.

    PubMed

    Ohtawa, Masaki; Hishinuma, Yusuke; Takagi, Eiji; Yamada, Takafumi; Ito, Fumihiro; Arima, Shiho; Uchida, Ryuji; Kim, Yong-Pil; Ōmura, Satoshi; Tomoda, Hiroshi; Nagamitsu, Tohru

    2016-01-01

    Cyslabdan was isolated from the culture broth of Streptomyces sp. K04-0144 as a new potentiator of imipenem activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. We accomplished the synthesis of cyslabdan according to a previously reported structure. However, we subsequently found that this structure was incorrect; our analysis of natural cyslabdan showed that it possessed R stereochemistry at the C8 position, not S, as had previously been reported. Thus, we completed the protecting-group-free synthesis of the correct structure of cyslabdan, which is described herein. PMID:27581641

  8. Influence of ionic liquids on the syntheses and structures of Mn(II) coordination polymers based on multidentate N-heterocyclic aromatic ligands and bridging carboxylate ligands.

    PubMed

    Qin, Jian-Hua; Wang, Hua-Rui; Pan, Qi; Zang, Shuang-Quan; Hou, Hongwei; Fan, Yaoting

    2015-10-28

    Seven Mn(ii) coordination polymers, namely {[Mn2(ptptp)Cl2(H2O)3]·H2O}n (1), {[Mn(μ-ptptp)3]2[Mn3(μ3-Cl)]2}·2Cl·16H2O (2), {[Mn2(ptptp)(ip)2(H2O)3]·H2O}n (3), {[Mn2(ptptp)(5-CH3-ip)2(H2O)3]·H2O}n (4), {[Mn4(ptptp)(5-Br-ip)3(H2O)3]·4H2O}n (5), {[Mn2(ptptp)(Hbtc)(H2O)2]·2H2O}n (6) and {[Mn2(ptptp)(tdc)(H2O)2]·1.5H2O}n (7), have been prepared based on multidentate N-heterocyclic aromatic ligands and bridging carboxylate ligands (H2ptptp = 2-(5-{6-[5-(pyrazin-2-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl]pyridin-2-yl}-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)pyrazine; R-isophthalic acids, H2ip-R: R = -H (3), -CH3 (4), -Br (5); H3btc = trimesic acid (6); H2tdc = thiophene-2,5-dicarboxylic acid (7)), in order to further probe the multiple roles of [RMI]Br ionic liquids in the hydro/solvothermal synthesis (RMI = 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium, R = ethyl, or propyl, or butyl). The successful syntheses of complexes 2-6 suggest that in hydro/solvothermal synthesis the addition of a small amount of [RMI]Br plays a crucial role. Complex 1 exhibits single right-handed helices constructed by ptptp ligands and Mn(ii) ions. Complex 2 possesses octanuclear helicate structures in which two propeller-shaped [Mn(μ-ptptp)3](4-) units embrace two [Mn3(μ3-Cl)](5+) cluster cores inside. Complexes 3 and 4 are isostructural and display a 1D double chain formed by two kinds of pseudo meso-helices: (Mn-ptptp)n and (Mn-5-R-ip)n. Complex 5 has a 2D structure containing 1D Mn(ii) ion chains formed through carboxylates and [ptptp](2-)-N,N bridges. Complex 6 shows a 2D structure formed by a meso-helix (Mn-ptptp)n and the partly deprotonated Hbtc ligands. Complex 7 features a heterochiral [2 + 2] coaxially nested double-helical column formed by using the outer double-helices (Mn-ptptp)n as a template to encapsulate the inner double-helices (Mn-tdc)n with opposite orientation. All complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, single-crystal X-ray crystallography and powder X

  9. Metal-mediated controllable creation of secondary, tertiary, and quaternary carbon centers: a powerful strategy for the synthesis of iron, cobalt, and copper complexes with in situ generated substituted 1-pyridineimidazo[1,5-a]pyridine ligands.

    PubMed

    Chen, Yanmei; Li, Lei; Chen, Zhou; Liu, Yonglu; Hu, Hailiang; Chen, Wenqian; Liu, Wei; Li, Yahong; Lei, Tao; Cao, Yanyuan; Kang, Zhenghui; Lin, Miaoshui; Li, Wu

    2012-09-17

    An efficient strategy for the synthesis of a wide variety of coordination complexes has been developed. The synthetic protocol involves a solvothermal in situ metal-ligand reaction of picolinaldehyde, ammonium acetate, and transition-metal ions, leading to the generation of 12 coordination complexes supported by a novel class of substituted 1-pyridineimidazo[1,5-a]pyridine ligands (L1-L5). The ligands L1-L5 were afforded by metal-mediated controllable conversion of the aldehyde group of picolialdehyde into a ketone and secondary, tertiary, and quaternary carbon centers, respectively. Complexes of various nuclearities were obtained: from mono-, di-, and tetranuclear to 1D chain polymers. The structures of the in situ formed complexes could be controlled rationally via the choice of appropriate starting materials and tuning of the ratio of the starting materials. The plausible mechanisms for the formation of the ligands L1-L5 were proposed.

  10. Ionic strength-dependent changes in tentacular ion exchangers with variable ligand density. I. Structural properties.

    PubMed

    Bhambure, Rahul; Gillespie, Christopher M; Phillips, Michael; Graalfs, Heiner; Lenhoff, Abraham M

    2016-09-01

    The ligand density critically affects the performance of ion-exchange resins in such measures as the adsorption capacity and transport characteristics. However, for tentacular and other polymer-modified exchangers, the mechanistic basis of the effect of ligand density on performance is not yet fully understood. In this study we map the ionic strength-dependent structural changes in tentacular cation exchangers with variable ligand densities as the basis for subsequent investigation of effects on functional properties. Inverse size-exclusion chromatography (ISEC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) were used to assess the effect of ionic strength on the pore size and intraparticle architecture of resin variants with different ligand densities. Comparison of ISEC and cryo-SEM results shows a considerable reduction in average pore size with increasing ligand density; these methods also confirm an increase of average pore size at higher ionic strengths. SAXS analysis of ionic strength-dependent conformational changes in the grafted polyelectrolyte layer shows a characteristic ionomer peak at values of the scattering vector q (0.1-0.2Å(-1)) that depend on the ligand density and the ionic strength of the solution. This peak attribution reflects nanoscale changes in the structure of the grafted polyelectrolyte chains that can in turn be responsible for observed pore-size changes in the resins. Finally, salt breakthrough experiments confirm a stronger Donnan exclusion effect on pore accessibility for small ions in the high ligand density variant. PMID:27544749

  11. Synthesis and Reactivity of (Pentafluorophenyl)platinate(II) Complexes with Bridging 1,8-Naphthyridine (napy) and X Ligands (X = C(6)F(5), OH, Cl, Br, I, SPh). Crystal Structure of [NBu(4)][Pt(2)(&mgr;-napy)(&mgr;-OH)(C(6)F(5))(4)].CHCl(3).

    PubMed

    Ara, Irene; Casas, José M.; Forniés, Juan; Rueda, Angel J.

    1996-12-01

    By reaction of [NBu(4)](2)[Pt(2)(&mgr;-C(6)F(5))(2)(C(6)F(5))(4)] with 1,8-naphthyridine (napy), [NBu(4)][Pt(C(6)F(5))(3)(napy)] (1) is obtained. This compound reacts with cis-[Pt(C(6)F(5))(2)(THF)(2)] to give the dinuclear derivative [NBu(4)][Pt(2)(&mgr;-napy)(&mgr;-C(6)F(5))(C(6)F(5))(4)] (2). The reaction of several HX species with 2 results in the substitution of the bridging C(6)F(5) by other ligands (X) such as OH (3), Cl (4), Br (5), I (6), and SPh (7), maintaining in all cases the naphthyridine bridging ligand. The structure of 3 was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The compound crystallizes in the monoclinic system, space group P2(1)/n, with a = 12.022(2) Å, b = 16.677(3) Å, c = 27.154(5) Å, beta = 98.58(3) degrees, V = 5383.2(16) Å(3), and Z = 4. The structure was refined to residuals of R = 0.0488 and R(w) = 0.0547. The complex consists of two square-planar platinum(II) fragments sharing a naphthyridine and OH bridging ligands, which are in cis positions. The short Pt-Pt distance [3.008(1) Å] seems to be a consequence of the bridging ligands.

  12. Synthesis, spectroscopic, coordination and biological activities of some organometallic complexes derived from thio-Schiff base ligands

    PubMed Central

    Abou-Hussein, Azza A.; Linert, Wolfgang

    2014-01-01

    Two series of mono- and binuclear complexes cyclic or acyclic thio-ferocine Schiff base ligands, derived from the condensation of 2-aminobenzenthiol (L) with monoacetyl ferrocene in the molar ratio 1:1 or in the molar ratio 1:2 for diacetyl ferocine have been prepared. The condensation reactions yield the corresponding Schiff Base ligands, HLa-Maf and H2Lb-Daf. The chelation of the ligands to metal ions occurs through the sulfur of the thiol group as well as the nitrogen atoms of the azomethine group of the ligands. HLa-Maf acts as monobasic bidentate or dibasic tetradentate, while H2Lb-Daf behaves as twice negatively cargend tetradentate ligand. The structures of these ligands were elucidated by elemental analysis, infrared, ultraviolet–visible spectra, as well as 1H NMR spectra. Reactions of the Schiff bases ligands with ruthenium(III), oxovanadium(IV) and dioxouranium(VI) afforded the corresponding transition metal complexes. The properties of the newly prepared complexes were analyse by elemental analyses, infrared, electronic spectra, 1H NMR as well as the magnetic susceptibility and conductivity measurement. The metal complexes exhibits different geometrical arrangements such as octahedral and square pyramidal coordination. Schiff base ligands and their metal complexes were tested against two pathogenic bacteria as Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria as well as one kind of fungi to study their biological activity. All the complexes exhibit antibacterial and antifungal activities against these organisms. PMID:24070648

  13. Synthesis, spectroscopic, coordination and biological activities of some organometallic complexes derived from thio-Schiff base ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abou-Hussein, Azza A.; Linert, Wolfgang

    2014-01-01

    Two series of mono- and binuclear complexes cyclic or acyclic thio-ferocine Schiff base ligands, derived from the condensation of 2-aminobenzenthiol (L) with monoacetyl ferrocene in the molar ratio 1:1 or in the molar ratio 1:2 for diacetyl ferocine have been prepared. The condensation reactions yield the corresponding Schiff Base ligands, HLa-Maf and H2Lb-Daf. The chelation of the ligands to metal ions occurs through the sulfur of the thiol group as well as the nitrogen atoms of the azomethine group of the ligands. HLa-Maf acts as monobasic bidentate or dibasic tetradentate, while H2Lb-Daf behaves as twice negatively cargend tetradentate ligand. The structures of these ligands were elucidated by elemental analysis, infrared, ultraviolet-visible spectra, as well as 1H NMR spectra. Reactions of the Schiff bases ligands with ruthenium(III), oxovanadium(IV) and dioxouranium(VI) afforded the corresponding transition metal complexes. The properties of the newly prepared complexes were analyse by elemental analyses, infrared, electronic spectra, 1H NMR as well as the magnetic susceptibility and conductivity measurement. The metal complexes exhibits different geometrical arrangements such as octahedral and square pyramidal coordination. Schiff base ligands and their metal complexes were tested against two pathogenic bacteria as Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria as well as one kind of fungi to study their biological activity. All the complexes exhibit antibacterial and antifungal activities against these organisms.

  14. Volume-confined synthesis of ligand-free gold nanoparticles with tailored sizes for enhanced catalytic activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shaik, Firdoz; Zhang, Weiqing; Niu, Wenxin; Lu, Xianmao

    2014-10-01

    Ligand-free Au nanoparticles with controlled sizes are synthesized via a volume-confined method. In this synthesis, mesoporous hollow silica shells (mHSS) are used as nano-containers for the impregnation of HAuCl4 solution before they are separated from the bulk solution. With a simple heating process, the Au precursor confined within the cavity of the isolated hollow shells is converted into ligand-free Au nanoparticles. The size of the Au nanoparticles can be tuned precisely by loading HAuCl4 solution of different concentrations, or by using mHSS with different cavity volumes. The ligand-free Au nanoparticles demonstrate superior catalytic activity than sodium citrate-capped Au nanoparticles.

  15. New Synthesis and Tritium Labeling of a Selective Ligand for Studying High-affinity γ-Hydroxybutyrate (GHB) Binding Sites

    PubMed Central

    Vogensen, Stine B.; Marek, Aleš; Bay, Tina; Wellendorph, Petrine; Kehler, Jan; Bundgaard, Christoffer; Frølund, Bente; Pedersen, Martin H.F.; Clausen, Rasmus P.

    2013-01-01

    3-Hydroxycyclopent-1-enecarboxylic acid (HOCPCA, 1) is a potent ligand for the high-affinity GHB binding sites in the CNS. An improved synthesis of 1 together with a very efficient synthesis of [3H]-1 is described. The radiosynthesis employs in situ generated lithium trimethoxyborotritide. Screening of 1 against different CNS targets establishes a high selectivity and we demonstrate in vivo brain penetration. In vitro characterization of [3H]-1 binding shows high specificity to the high-affinity GHB binding sites. PMID:24053696

  16. One-pot synthesis, encapsulation, and solubilization of size-tuned quantum dots with amphiphilic multidentate ligands.

    PubMed

    Kairdolf, Brad A; Smith, Andrew M; Nie, Shuming

    2008-10-01

    We report one-pot synthesis, encapsulation, and solubilization of high-quality quantum dots (QDs) based on the use of amphiphilic and multidentate polymer ligands. In this "all-in-one" procedure, the resulting QDs are first capped by the multidentate ligand and are then spontaneously encapsulated and solubilized by a second layer of the same multidentate polymer upon exposure to water. In addition to providing better control of nanocrystal nucleation and growth kinetics (including resistance to Ostwald ripening), this procedure allows for in situ growth of an inorganic passivating shell on the nanocrystal core, enabling one-pot synthesis of both type-I and type-II core-shell QDs with tunable light emission from visible to near-infrared wavelengths.

  17. Structural basis for PPAR partial or full activation revealed by a novel ligand binding mode

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Capelli, Davide; Cerchia, Carmen; Montanari, Roberta; Loiodice, Fulvio; Tortorella, Paolo; Laghezza, Antonio; Cervoni, Laura; Pochetti, Giorgio; Lavecchia, Antonio

    2016-10-01

    The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear receptors involved in the regulation of the metabolic homeostasis and therefore represent valuable therapeutic targets for the treatment of metabolic diseases. The development of more balanced drugs interacting with PPARs, devoid of the side-effects showed by the currently marketed PPARγ full agonists, is considered the major challenge for the pharmaceutical companies. Here we present a structure-based virtual screening approach that let us identify a novel PPAR pan-agonist with a very attractive activity profile and its crystal structure in the complex with PPARα and PPARγ, respectively. In PPARα this ligand occupies a new pocket whose filling is allowed by the ligand-induced switching of the F273 side chain from a closed to an open conformation. The comparison between this pocket and the corresponding cavity in PPARγ provides a rationale for the different activation of the ligand towards PPARα and PPARγ, suggesting a novel basis for ligand design.

  18. Catalytic Borylative Opening of Propargyl Cyclopropane, Epoxide, Aziridine, and Oxetane Substrates: Ligand Controlled Synthesis of Allenyl Boronates and Alkenyl Diboronates

    PubMed Central

    Zhao, Jian

    2015-01-01

    Abstract A new copper‐catalyzed reaction for the stereo‐ and regioselective synthesis of alkenyl diboronates and allenyl boronates is presented. In this process propargyl derivatives of strained three/four‐membered rings were employed as substrates and B2pin2 was used as the boronate source. Selective formation of the alkenyl diboronate versus the allenyl boronate products was controlled by the choice of phosphine ligand. PMID:26663468

  19. Synthesis and spectroscopic studies of some cadmium(II) and mercury(II) complexes of an asymmetrical bidentate Schiff base ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Montazerozohori, Morteza; Joohari, Shiva; Musavi, Sayed Alireza

    2009-07-01

    Synthesis and spectroscopic studies on four-coordinate complexes of cadmium(II) and mercury(II) halides with a new asymmetrical bidentate Schiff base ligand of N,N'-bis[α-methylcinamaldehydene]propane-1,2-diamine(L) are described. The ligand and its complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, UV-visible spectra, FT-IR spectra, MS, 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectra. The complexes are non-electrolytes in DMF. The electronic spectra of the complexes were recorded in DMF solution. 1H and 13 C NMR spectra been studied in CDCl3. The molar conductance as well as spectral properties indicated the complexes do not dissociate in DMF and retain their coordination. FT-IR and NMR spectra of the complexes exhibit downfield as well as upfield shifts of the free ligand resonances that show change in geometry during the coordination. The suggested structure of the complexes is pseudo-tetrahedral. Molecular structures of the complexes have been optimized by MM+ calculations that supported pseudo-tetrahedral geometry around the metal (II) ions.

  20. Synthesis, characterization and electrochemical characterization of lead selenide sub-micron particles capped with a benzoate ligand and prepared at different temperatures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Weyshla A.; Colón, Jadiel; Guzmán, Roger; Rivera, Harry; Santiago-Berríos, Mitk'El B.

    2014-09-01

    Semiconductor materials offer several potential benefits as active elements in the development of harvesting-energy conversion technologies. In particular, lead selenide (PbSe) semiconductors have been used and proposed to design solar energy harvesting devices, IR sensors, FET devices, etc. Lead salts have drawn particular attention from the applied and fundamental research communities due to their exceptionally strong quantum confinement effects. Several syntheses of PbSe have been proposed using long chain surfactants to allow the formation of particles and nanoparticles. Here we present a synthesis using benzoic acid as the capping ligand in ambient atmosphere. Although the particles are not in nanometric size, we compare the crystal structure (using x-ray powder diffraction data), the near infrared and mid-infrared absorption properties of PbSe using oleic acid as the capping ligand with PbSe using benzoic acid as the capping ligand. The new synthetized particles were shown to have similar crystal structure and absorb light in the near infrared region at 1410 nm. We also performed cyclic voltammetry of these particles drop-casted in the surface of a glassy carbon electrode. The particles showed electrochemical behavior with an oxidation peak near (-402 ± 5 mV) versus Ag/AgCl reference electrode. The particles seem to form a polymeric film at the surface of a glassy carbon electrode.

  1. Synthesis of Naphthalimidedioxime Ligand-Containing Fibers for Uranium Adsorption from Seawater

    DOE PAGES

    Chatterjee, Sabornie; Bryantsev, Vyacheslav S.; Brown, Suree; Johnson, J. Casey; Grant, Christopher D.; Mayes, Richard T.; Hay, Benjamin P.; Dai, Sheng; Saito, Tomonori

    2015-12-16

    Uranium exists as uranyl carbonates (primarily as [UO2(CO3)3]4-) at a low concentration of 3.3 ppb, in seawater. Due to the ocean's vast volume, the total amount of uranium in seawater has been estimated at 4.5 billion tons or nearly 1000 times more than land-based resources. This large surplus provides attractive solution to supply nuclear fuel feeds in future. However, the presence of a variety of competing metal ions and the low concentration of uranium in seawater make the extraction of uranium from seawater challenging. The goal of this work is to develop adsorbent fibers that can recover uranium from themore » slightly alkaline (pH 8.0 - 8.3) seawater. In this process, radiation-induced graft polymerization (RIGP) is used where fibers are prepared by irradiating and treating polyethylene (PE) with different bulk ratios of vinyl benzyl chloride (VBC) and methacrylic acid (MAA) or itaconic acid. Furthermore, chemical modifications of these fibers were performed via two step processes, where novel bisimidoxime ligands are incorporated into fibers. These ligands contain imidedioxime, which is known to be a uranium-philic functionality. Also, the core structures of these ligands containing three donor atoms facilitate the formation of chelates with uranyl ion in seawater. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed to quantify the binding strength with the uranyl ion. The adsorbent showed moderate to high uranium (~35-50 g-U/kg adsorbent) adsorption capacity in a model seawater with a uranium concentration of 6 ppm at pH 8.0 8.3.« less

  2. Synthesis of Naphthalimidedioxime Ligand-Containing Fibers for Uranium Adsorption from Seawater

    SciTech Connect

    Chatterjee, Sabornie; Bryantsev, Vyacheslav S.; Brown, Suree; Johnson, J. Casey; Grant, Christopher D.; Mayes, Richard T.; Hay, Benjamin P.; Dai, Sheng; Saito, Tomonori

    2015-12-16

    Uranium exists as uranyl carbonates (primarily as [UO2(CO3)3]4-) at a low concentration of 3.3 ppb, in seawater. Due to the ocean's vast volume, the total amount of uranium in seawater has been estimated at 4.5 billion tons or nearly 1000 times more than land-based resources. This large surplus provides attractive solution to supply nuclear fuel feeds in future. However, the presence of a variety of competing metal ions and the low concentration of uranium in seawater make the extraction of uranium from seawater challenging. The goal of this work is to develop adsorbent fibers that can recover uranium from the slightly alkaline (pH 8.0 - 8.3) seawater. In this process, radiation-induced graft polymerization (RIGP) is used where fibers are prepared by irradiating and treating polyethylene (PE) with different bulk ratios of vinyl benzyl chloride (VBC) and methacrylic acid (MAA) or itaconic acid. Furthermore, chemical modifications of these fibers were performed via two step processes, where novel bisimidoxime ligands are incorporated into fibers. These ligands contain imidedioxime, which is known to be a uranium-philic functionality. Also, the core structures of these ligands containing three donor atoms facilitate the formation of chelates with uranyl ion in seawater. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed to quantify the binding strength with the uranyl ion. The adsorbent showed moderate to high uranium (~35-50 g-U/kg adsorbent) adsorption capacity in a model seawater with a uranium concentration of 6 ppm at pH 8.0 8.3.

  3. Approximation concepts for efficient structural synthesis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schmit, L. A., Jr.; Miura, H.

    1976-01-01

    It is shown that efficient structural synthesis capabilities can be created by using approximation concepts to mesh finite element structural analysis methods with nonlinear mathematical programming techniques. The history of the application of mathematical programming techniques to structural design optimization problems is reviewed. Several rather general approximation concepts are described along with the technical foundations of the ACCESS 1 computer program, which implements several approximation concepts. A substantial collection of structural design problems involving truss and idealized wing structures is presented. It is concluded that since the basic ideas employed in creating the ACCESS 1 program are rather general, its successful development supports the contention that the introduction of approximation concepts will lead to the emergence of a new generation of practical and efficient, large scale, structural synthesis capabilities in which finite element analysis methods and mathematical programming algorithms will play a central role.

  4. New insights into the kinetic target-guided synthesis of protein ligands.

    PubMed

    Oueis, Emilia; Sabot, Cyrille; Renard, Pierre-Yves

    2015-08-01

    The kinetic target-guided synthesis (KTGS) strategy is an unconventional discovery approach that takes advantage of the presence of the biological target itself in order to irreversibly assemble the best inhibitors from an array of building blocks. This strategy has grown over the last two decades notably after the introduction of the in situ click chemistry concept by Sharpless and colleagues in the early 2000s based on the use of the Huisgen cycloaddition between terminal alkynes and azides. KTGS is a captivating area of research offering an unprecedented and powerful strategy to probe the macromolecular complexity and dynamics of biological targets. After a brief introduction listing all chemical ligation reactions reported to date in KTGS, this review focuses on the last five years' progress to expand the repertoire of the click or "click-like" tool box targeting proteins, as well as to overcome limitations arising in particular from false negatives, i.e. potent ligands that are not formed, or formed in undetectable trace amounts. Furthermore, we wish to analyze the new twists and novelties described in some of these applications in order to better understand the conditions that govern this strategy and the extent to which it can be developed and generalized for a more efficient process. PMID:26144842

  5. Chlorosulfolipids: Structure, synthesis, and biological relevance

    PubMed Central

    Bedke, D. Karl; Vanderwal, Christopher D.

    2011-01-01

    Chlorosulfolipids have been isolated from freshwater algae and from toxic mussels. They appear to have a structural role in algal membranes and have been implicated in Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning. Further fascinating aspects of these compounds include their stereochemically complex polychlorinated structures and the resulting strong conformational biases, and their poorly understood (yet surely compelling) biosynthesis. Discussions of each of these topics and of efforts in structural and stereochemical elucidation and synthesis are the subject of this Highlight. PMID:21125121

  6. Chromium complexes of an isomeric N-donor ligand, 2-[(N-arylamino)phenylazo]pyridine: amination reactions, X-ray structure, and redox properties.

    PubMed

    Kamar, Kunal K; Saha, Amrita; Castiñeiras, Alfonso; Hung, Chen-Hsiung; Goswami, Sreebrata

    2002-08-26

    The chromium chemistry of two positional isomers of the ligand 2-[(N-arylamino)phenylazo]pyridine (HL(1)and HL(2)) are described. While the ligand HL(1) coordinates as a bischelating tridentate N,N,N-donor, [L(1)](-), with deprotonation of the amine nitrogen, its isomer HL(2) coordinates as a neutral bidentate N,N-donor. The amine nitrogen in this case remains protonated. Thus the reaction of CrCl(3).nH(2)O with HL(1) produced the brown cationic complex, [Cr(L(1))(2)](+), [1](+). The representative X-ray structure of [1a](ClO(4)) is reported. The two azo nitrogens of the anioinc tridentate ligand approach the metal center closest with Cr(1)-N(azo) av 1.862(6) A. There is a significant degree of ligand backbone conjugation in the coordinated ligands, which resulted in shortening of the C-N distances and also in lengthening of the diazo (N=N) distances. Two synthetic approaches for the synthesis of chromium complexes of HL(2) are investigated. The first approach is based on the substitution reaction, wherein all the coordinated CO ligands of Cr(CO)(6) were completely substituted by the three bidentate HL(2) ligands to produce a violet complex [Cr(HL(2))(3)]. The second approach is based on para-amination reaction of coordinated 2-(phenylazo)pyridine (pap). Thus the reaction of an inert complex, [CrCl(2)(pap)(2)], with ArNH(2) yields a mixed ligand complex, [CrCl(2)(pap)(HL(2))], 3. In this reaction one of the two coordinated pap ligands in [CrCl(2)(pap)(2)] undergoes amination at the para carbon (with respect to the diazo function) to yield HL(2) in situ. This metal-promoted transformation is authenticated by the X-ray structure determination of a representative complex, [CrCl(2)(pap)(HL(2a))], 3a. Notable differences in bond distances along the ligand backbones of the two coordinated ligands in 3a indicate different levels of metal-ligand overlap in this complex. All the chromium complexes of HL(2) are characterized by their intense blue-violet color. The

  7. Synthesis and Structure of a New Lithium Amide Ligand Precursor: A Tridentate Nitrogen-Based Donor Set of the Formula N(SiMe(2)CH(2)NMe(2))(2). Synthesis and Structure of the Group 4 Amides MCl(3)[N(SiMe(2)CH(2)NMe(2))(2)] (M = Ti, Zr, Hf).

    PubMed

    Fryzuk, Michael D.; Hoffman, Vera; Kickham, James E.; Rettig, Steven J.; Gambarotta, Sandro

    1997-07-30

    The new lithium amide LiN(SiMe(2)CH(2)NMe(2))(2) was prepared by reaction of NH(3) with the corresponding silylamine Me(2)NSiMe(2)CH(2)NMe(2) followed by addition of butyllithium. This lithium derivative exists as a dimer in the solid state wherein the two lithium ions are bridged by the two amido units with the amine arms of each unit bonded to opposite lithium centers in an overall pseudo D(2) structure; however, in solution, a fluxional process serves to interconvert the enantiomeric forms of the dimer unit. The coordination chemistry of the lithium amide dimer has been investigated; reaction with a series of group 4 starting halides, MCl(4), leads to the corresponding complexes MCl(3)[N(SiMe(2)CH(2)NMe(2))(2)], where M = Ti, Zr, and Hf. The structures of these starting trihalides in solution and in the solid state are presented. PMID:11670025

  8. Thermodynamic, kinetic and structural studies on the mixed ligand complexes of palladium(II) with tridentate and monodentate ligands.

    PubMed

    Nagy, Zoltán; Fábián, István; Bényei, Attila; Sóvágó, Imre

    2003-03-01

    Stability constants of the complexes formed in the reaction of [Pd(bpma)](2+) [bpma=bis(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)amine] with monodentate nitrogen and thioether ligands including uridine, MeUH, cytidine, MeC, EtGH, AcHis, AcHm, AcLys and AcMet were determined by potentiometric method. The coordination chemistry of [Pd(bpma)](2+) shows a significant similarity to that of [Pd(terpy)](2+), but it is different from [Pd(dien)](2+). The formation of hydroxo and dinuclear complexes is especially enhanced in the case of [Pd(bpma)](2+) and [Pd(terpy)](2+), but the affinity of palladium(II) ions for the coordination of thioether residues is reduced in the presence of pyridine nitrogen atoms. Stopped-flow kinetic measurements reveal that the substitution reactions of the thioether ligand AcMet are much faster than those of the N-donor cytidine. The presence of the two pyridyl residues significantly enhances the kinetic reactivity of [Pd(bpma)](2+) as compared to that of [Pd(dien)](2+). The Pd-S(thioether) bonded species can be important intermediates in multicomponent systems, but the equilibrium state is characterised by the formation of Pd-N bonded species. The complex [Pd(bpma)NO(3)]NO(3) has been prepared in solid state and its structure was elucidated by single crystal X-ray diffraction method. PMID:12628710

  9. Emissive bis-salicylaldiminato Schiff base ligands and their zinc(II) complexes: Synthesis, photophysical properties, mesomorphism and DFT studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paul, Manoj Kr.; Dilipkumar Singh, Y.; Bedamani Singh, N.; Sarkar, Utpal

    2015-02-01

    Bis-salicylaldiminato Schiff base ligands and their Zn(II) complexes derived from 2,3-Diaminomaleonitrile (DAMN) were synthesized. Their molecular structures, photophysical properties and mesogenic behaviors were investigated. The ligands and their Zn(II) complexes were characterized by using elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H NMR and molar conductivity measurements. Photophysical properties of ligands and their Zn(II) complexes were investigated in different polar solvents by using UV-visible and fluorescence spectroscopic studies. Ligands emit green light whereas complexes emit orange light upon irradiation with UV-visible light. The liquid crystalline phases of ligands and their Zn(II) complexes were characterized by polarizing optical microscopy and differential scanning calorimetry. The ligand having longer 4-n-octadecyloxy chain (n = 18) displays columnar phase whereas the lower homologues (n = 16, 12) did not show mesophase. The Zn(II) complexes having 4-n-octadecyloxy end chain display smectic B like phase whereas other lower homologues are non mesogenic in nature. The thermal stability of the compounds were studied by using thermo gravimetric analysis. The density functional theory was carried out to obtain the stable molecular conformation, dipole moment, molecular orbitals and polarizability of the ligands and their Zn(II) complexes.

  10. Cell-free synthesis of functional human epidermal growth factor receptor: Investigation of ligand-independent dimerization in Sf21 microsomal membranes using non-canonical amino acids

    PubMed Central

    Quast, Robert B.; Ballion, Biljana; Stech, Marlitt; Sonnabend, Andrei; Varga, Balázs R.; Wüstenhagen, Doreen A.; Kele, Péter; Schiller, Stefan M.; Kubick, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    Cell-free protein synthesis systems represent versatile tools for the synthesis and modification of human membrane proteins. In particular, eukaryotic cell-free systems provide a promising platform for their structural and functional characterization. Here, we present the cell-free synthesis of functional human epidermal growth factor receptor and its vIII deletion mutant in a microsome-containing system derived from cultured Sf21 cells. We provide evidence for embedment of cell-free synthesized receptors into microsomal membranes and asparagine-linked glycosylation. Using the cricket paralysis virus internal ribosome entry site and a repetitive synthesis approach enrichment of receptors inside the microsomal fractions was facilitated thereby providing analytical amounts of functional protein. Receptor tyrosine kinase activation was demonstrated by monitoring receptor phosphorylation. Furthermore, an orthogonal cell-free translation system that provides the site-directed incorporation of p-azido-L-phenylalanine is characterized and applied to investigate receptor dimerization in the absence of a ligand by photo-affinity cross-linking. Finally, incorporated azides are used to generate stable covalently linked receptor dimers by strain-promoted cycloaddition using a novel linker system. PMID:27670253

  11. Synthesis and characterization of two polyoxometalates consisting of different Cu-ligand hydrogen phosphate units

    SciTech Connect

    Yan, Jinshuang; Zhao, Xiaofang; Huang, Jiao; Gong, Kaining; Han, Zhangang Zhai, Xueliang

    2014-03-15

    Two polyoxometalates [(Cu-mbpy){sub 4}(HPO{sub 4}){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}][PMo{sub 12}O{sub 40}]·H{sub 2}O (1) and [(Cu-mbpy){sub 6}(HPO{sub 4}){sub 4}][PW{sub 12}O{sub 40}]·4H{sub 2}O (2) (mbpy=4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-dipyridyl in 1; 5,5″-dimethyl-2,2'-dipyridyl in 2) have been synthesized and characterized by IR, X-ray powder diffraction, TG analysis and electrochemical property. The structural features of 1–2 are in their cationic moieties consisting of different linkages of [Cu-mbpy]{sup 2+} and HPO{sub 4}{sup 2−} groups. In 1 four Cu-mbpy bridged by two HPO{sub 4}{sup 2−} ions form a discrete cluster with an interesting octahedron of (Cu{sub 4}P{sub 2}), while in 2 Cu-mbpy fragments are bridged by HPO{sub 4}{sup 2−} ions into 1D structure consisting of trigonal bipyramidal polyhedra of (Cu{sub 3}P{sub 2}). Photocatalytic experiments indicate that compounds 1 and 2 are actively photocatalytic for degradation of methyl orange in the presence of H{sub 2}O{sub 2} under UV light irradiation. -- Graphical abstract: Two polyoxometalate-based supramolecular compounds consisting of different linkages based on Cu-ligand and HPO{sub 4}{sup 2−} groups have been synthesized and characterized. The photocatalytic activity are studied. Highlights: • Two polyoxometalate-based supramolecular compounds consisting of different linkages based on Cu-ligand and HPO{sub 4}{sup 2−} groups have been synthesized. • Hydrogen bonding and π…π interactions play important roles in constructing crystal supramolecular frameworks. • Two compounds represent a high photocatalytic activity in the degradation of methyl orange.

  12. Automating crystallographic structure solution and refinement of protein–ligand complexes

    SciTech Connect

    Echols, Nathaniel Moriarty, Nigel W. Klei, Herbert E.; Afonine, Pavel V.; Bunkóczi, Gábor; McCoy, Airlie J.; Oeffner, Robert D.; Read, Randy J.; Adams, Paul D.

    2014-01-01

    A software system for automated protein–ligand crystallography has been implemented in the Phenix suite. This significantly reduces the manual effort required in high-throughput crystallographic studies. High-throughput drug-discovery and mechanistic studies often require the determination of multiple related crystal structures that only differ in the bound ligands, point mutations in the protein sequence and minor conformational changes. If performed manually, solution and refinement requires extensive repetition of the same tasks for each structure. To accelerate this process and minimize manual effort, a pipeline encompassing all stages of ligand building and refinement, starting from integrated and scaled diffraction intensities, has been implemented in Phenix. The resulting system is able to successfully solve and refine large collections of structures in parallel without extensive user intervention prior to the final stages of model completion and validation.

  13. Synthesis and properties of new mononuclear Ru(II)-based photocatalysts containing 4,4'-diphenyl-2,2'-bipyridyl ligands.

    PubMed

    Coe, Benjamin J; Sánchez, Sergio

    2016-03-28

    The synthesis and characterisation of a series of eleven new 4,4'-diphenyl-2,2'-bipyridyl derivatives (N^N) with varying 4- or 3,5-substituents on the phenyl rings are reported. The molecular structures of two of these compounds, 4,4'-bis(3,5-diheptyloxyphenyl)-2,2'-bipyridyl and 4,4'-bis(3,5-di-4,4,5,5,5-pentafluoropentyloxyphenyl)-2,2'-bipyridyl are confirmed by X-ray crystallography. Fourteen neutral complexes trans-Ru(II)Cl2(N^N)(CO)2 are prepared by reacting the new proligands and three known ones with the polymeric precursor [Ru(II)Cl2(CO)2]n, and their optical and electrochemical properties are studied. Density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT calculations have been carried out on selected complexes in order to rationalise their electronic structures and absorption properties. The low energy electronic absorption bands have metal-to-ligand charge-transfer and ligand-to-ligand charge-transfer (LLCT) character, but these dominate only in the 4-substituted species. In the 3,5-disubstituted ones, intraligand charge-transfer (ILCT) within the bpy ligands becomes more important. The complexes show only irreversible reductive electrochemistry and no signs of polymerisation. The photocatalytic oxidation behaviour of selected trans-Ru(II)Cl2(N^N)(CO)2 complexes and their mono-aquo derivatives [Ru(II)(H2O)(CO)2Cl(N^N)](+) with 4-methoxybenzyl alcohol is studied. Turnover numbers of up to ca. 130 are achieved when using [Ru(II)(bpy)3](2+) (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridyl) as photosensitizer and [Co(III)(NH3)5Cl](2+) as a sacrificial oxidant. PMID:26890960

  14. Immobilized Cu (II)—Amino Acid Complexes as Prospective Highly Efficient Catalytic Materials: Synthesis, Structural Characterization and Catalytic Activities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pálinkó, István; Ordasi, Adrien; Kiss, János T.; Labádi, Imre

    2008-11-01

    In this work the covalent anchoring of N-or C-protected Cu(II)—L-tyrosine complexes onto a swellable resin or surface-modified silica gel is described. Experimental conditions (solvents, the availability of ligands) of the synthesis were varied; the structures (by IR spectroscopy) and the superoxide dismutase activities of the anchored complexes were studied.

  15. A new oxovanadium(IV) complex containing an O,N-bidentate Schiff base ligand: Synthesis at ambient temperature, characterization, crystal structure and catalytic performance in selective oxidation of sulfides to sulfones using H2O2 under solvent-free conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Menati, Saeid; Rudbari, Hadi Amiri; Khorshidifard, Mahsa; Jalilian, Fariba

    2016-01-01

    A new bidentate ON Schiff base ligand, HL, was synthesized by simple condensation reaction of isopropylamine and salicylaldehyde. Then by reaction of HL and VO(acac)2 in the ratio of 2:1 at ambient temperature, a new oxovanadium(IV) Schiff base complex, VOL2, was synthesized. The Schiff base ligand and its oxovanadium(IV) complex were characterized by elemental analyses, FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and UV-visible spectroscopies. The crystal structure of oxovanadium(IV) complex, VOL2, was also determined by single crystal X-ray analysis. The vanadium center in this structure is coordinated to two bidentate Schiff base ligands with the two nitrogen and two phenolate oxygen atoms in equatorial positions and one oxo oxygen in the axial position to complete the distorted trigonal bipyramidal N2O3 coordination sphere. Catalytic performance of the VOL2 complex was studied in the selective oxidation of thioanisole with the green oxidant 35% aqueous H2O2 under solvent-free conditions and under organic solvents (EtOH, CHCl3, CH2Cl2, DMF, CH3CN, EtOAc) as a model. Due to better catalytic performance of the VOL2 complex under solvent-free conditions, this complex used for the oxidation of the different sulfides to the corresponding sulfones under solvent-free conditions. The use of hydrogen peroxide as oxidant and the absence of solvent makes these reactions interesting from environmental and economic points of view.

  16. Synthesis and structures of metal chalcogenide precursors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hepp, Aloysius F.; Duraj, Stan A.; Eckles, William E.; Andras, Maria T.

    1990-01-01

    The reactivity of early transition metal sandwich complexes with sulfur-rich molecules such as dithiocarboxylic acids was studied. Researchers recently initiated work on precursors to CuInSe2 and related chalcopyrite semiconductors. Th every high radiation tolerance and the high absorption coefficient of CuInSe2 makes this material extremely attractive for lightweight space solar cells. Their general approach in early transition metal chemistry, the reaction of low-valent metal complexes or metal powders with sulfur and selenium rich compounds, was extended to the synthesis of chalcopyrite precursors. Here, the researchers describe synthesis, structures, and and routes to single molecule precursors to metal chalcogenides.

  17. New platinum compounds containing the diphosphine ligand 2-(ferrocenylidene)-4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-4-cyclopenten-1,3-dione (fbpcd): Synthesis, redox behavior, and X-ray diffraction structures Of PtCl2(fbpcd) and Pt(mnt)(fbpcd)

    SciTech Connect

    Poola, Bhaskar; Hunt, Sean W; Wang, Xiaoping; Richmond, Michael G.

    2008-01-01

    The reaction of the redox-active diphosphine ligand 2-(ferrocenylidene)-4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-4-cyclopenten-1,3-dione (fbpcd) with PtCl2(1,5-cod) furnishes the platinum(II) compound PtCl2(fbpcd) (2). Treatment of 2 with disodium maleonitriledithiolate (Na(2)mnt) yields the chelating thiolate compound Pt(mnt)(fbpcd) (3). Both 2 and 3 have been fully characterized in solution by IR, UV-Vis, and NMR spectroscopies, and their molecular structures established by X-ray crystallography. The redox properties of the fbpcd ligand and compounds 2 and 3 have been investigated by cyclic voltammetry, and the composition of the HOMO and LUMO levels in these systems have been determined by extended Huckel MO calculations, the results of which are discussed with respect to electrochemical data.

  18. Synthesis, characterisation and in vitro cytotoxicity studies of a series of chiral platinum(II) complexes based on the 2-aminomethylpyrrolidine ligand: X-ray crystal structure of [PtCl2(R-dimepyrr)] (R-dimepyrr=N-dimethyl-2(R)-aminomethylpyrrolidine).

    PubMed

    Diakos, Connie I; Zhang, Mei; Beale, Philip J; Fenton, Ronald R; Hambley, Trevor W

    2009-07-01

    A series of platinum(II) complexes were synthesised based on the enantiomerically pure amino acid proline. Novel synthetic pathways were developed, adapted from standard peptide chemistry, to produce the 2-aminomethylpyrrolidine (pyrr) ligand and its derivatives with differing arrangements of methyl substituents at the exocyclic amine sites. The crystal structure of [PtCl(2)(R-dimepyrr)] (R-dimepyrr=N,N-dimethyl-2(R)-aminomethylpyrrolidine) is reported and the five-membered ligand ring has been shown to be in an envelope conformation. Cytotoxicity studies were carried out on the ovarian cancer A2780 tumour cell line and its cisplatin-resistant variant, A2780cisR. Remarkably good activity was seen for several of the drugs when compared to cisplatin despite the addition of substantial steric bulk to the amine groups, and there was a lack of cross-resistance with cisplatin seen for some compounds. PMID:19185955

  19. Structural insights into recognition of acetylated histone ligands by the BRPF1 bromodomain

    PubMed Central

    Lubula, Mulu Y.; Eckenroth, Brian E.; Carlson, Samuel; Poplawski, Amanda; Chruszcz, Maksymilian; Glass, Karen C.

    2014-01-01

    BRPF1 is part of the MOZ HAT complex and contains a unique combination of domains typically found in chromatin-associated factors, which include PHD fingers, a bromodomain and a PWWP domain. Bromodomains are conserved structural motifs generally known to recognize acetylated histones, and the BRPF1 bromodomain preferentially selects for H2AK5ac, H4K12ac and H3K14ac. We solved the X-ray crystal structures of the BRPF1 bromodomain in complex with the H2AK5ac and H4K12ac histone peptides. Site-directed mutagenesis on residues in the BRPF1 bromodomain-binding pocket was carried out to investigate the contribution of specific amino acids on ligand binding. Our results provide critical insights into the molecular mechanism of ligand binding by the BRPF1 bromodomain, and reveal that ordered water molecules are an essential component driving ligand recognition. PMID:25281266

  20. Solvent Extraction: Structure of the Liquid-Liquid Interface Containing a Diamide Ligand.

    PubMed

    Scoppola, Ernesto; Watkins, Erik B; Campbell, Richard A; Konovalov, Oleg; Girard, Luc; Dufrêche, Jean-Francois; Ferru, Geoffroy; Fragneto, Giovanna; Diat, Olivier

    2016-08-01

    Knowledge of the (supra)molecular structure of an interface that contains amphiphilic ligand molecules is necessary for a full understanding of ion transfer during solvent extraction. Even if molecular dynamics already yield some insight in the molecular configurations in solution, hardly any experimental data giving access to distributions of both extractant molecules and ions at the liquid-liquid interface exist. Here, the combined application of X-ray and neutron reflectivity measurements represents a key milestone in the deduction of the interfacial structure and potential with respect to two different lipophilic ligands. Indeed, we show for the first time that hard trivalent cations can be repelled or attracted by the extractant-enriched interface according to the nature of the ligand. PMID:27320727

  1. Design and synthesis of glycoprotein-based multivalent glyco-ligands for influenza hemagglutinin and human galectin-3

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Helen; Huang, Wei; Orwenyo, Jared; Banerjee, Aditi; Vasta, Gerardo R.; Wang, Lai-Xi

    2013-01-01

    We report a facile synthesis of glycoprotein-based glyco-ligands and their binding with influenza hemagglutinin and human galectin-3. Human serum albumin (HSA) was used as the scaffold and an Asn-linked complex type N-glycan prepared from chicken eggs was used as the glycan building block. It was found that Cu(I)-catalyzed alkyne–azide cycloaddition reaction (click chemistry) between the alkyne-labeled glycan and the azide-tagged HSA led to an efficient formation of the glycoconjugates. The density of glycan ligands on the protein scaffold was readily varied by changing the molar ratios of the two reactants. Binding studies indicated that the sialylated and desialylated multivalent glycoligands could selectively bind to influenza hemagglutinin and human galectin-3, respectively, with high affinity. In the two glycan–lectin interactions, a clear multivalent effect was observed. Moreover, a cell-based assay showed that the synthetic multivalent glyco-ligands could efficiently inhibit the attachment of galectin-3 to human prostate cancer and lung cancer cell lines. This study suggests that the synthetic glycoprotein-based glyco-ligands can be useful for different applications, including blocking the function of galectin-3 in cancer metastasis. PMID:23411399

  2. Synthesis, spectral characterization, structural investigation and antimicrobial studies of mononuclear Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes of a new potentially hexadentate N2O4 Schiff base ligand derived from salicylaldehyde

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keypour, Hassan; Shayesteh, Maryam; Rezaeivala, Majid; Chalabian, Firoozeh; Elerman, Yalcin; Buyukgungor, Orhan

    2013-01-01

    A new potentially hexadentate N2O4 Schiff base ligand, H2L derived from condensation reaction of an aromatic diamine and salicylaldehyde, and its metal complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, IR, UV-Vis, EI-MS, 1H and 13C NMR spectra, as well as conductance measurements. It has been originated that the Schiff base ligand with Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) ions form mononuclear complexes on 1:1 (metal:ligand) stoichiometry. The conductivity data confirm the non-electrolytic nature of the complexes. Also the crystal structures of the complexes [ZnL] and [CoL] have also been determined by using X-ray crystallographic technique. The Zn(II) and Co(II) complexes show a tetrahedral configuration. Electronic absorption spectra of the Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexes suggest a square-planar geometry around the central metal ion. The synthesized compounds have antibacterial activity against the three Gram-positive bacteria: Bacillus cereus, Enterococcus faecalis and Listeria monocytogenes and also against the three Gram-negative bacteria: Salmonella paraB, Citrobacter freundii and Enterobacter aerogenes. The results showed that in some cases the antibacterial activity of complexes were more than nalidixic acid and amoxicillin as standards.

  3. In situ ligand synthesis with the UO{sub 2}{sup 2+} cation under hydrothermal conditions

    SciTech Connect

    Frisch, Mark; Cahill, Christopher L.

    2007-09-15

    A novel uranium (VI) coordination polymer, (UO{sub 2}){sub 2}(C{sub 2}O{sub 4})(C{sub 5}H{sub 6}NO{sub 3}){sub 2} (1), has been prepared under the hydrothermal reaction of uranium nitrate hexahydrate and L-pyroglutamic acid. Compound 1 (monoclinic, C2/c, a=22.541(6) A, b=5.7428(15) A, c=15.815(4) A, {beta}=119.112(4){sup o}, Z=4, R{sub 1}=0.0237, wR{sub 2}=0.0367) consists of uranium pentagonal bipyramids linked via L-pyroglutamate and oxalate anions to form an overall two-dimensional (2D) structure. With the absence of oxalic acid within the starting materials, the oxalate anions are hypothesized to form in situ whereby decarboxylation of L-pyroglutamic acid occurs followed by coupling of CO{sub 2} to form the oxalate linkages as observed in the crystal structure. Addition of copper (II) to this system appears to promote oxalate formation in that synthetic moolooite (Cu(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}).nH{sub 2}O; 0{<=}n{<=}1) and a known uranyl oxalate [(UO{sub 2}){sub 2}(C{sub 2}O{sub 4})(OH){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}.H{sub 2}O], co-crystallize in significant quantity. Compound 1 exhibits the characteristic uranyl emission spectrum upon either direct uranyl excitation or ligand excitation, the latter of which shows an increase in relative intensity. This subsequent increase in the intensity indicates an energy transfer from the ligand to the uranyl cations thus illustrating an example of the antenna effect in the solid state. - Graphical abstract: A novel homometallic coordination polymer (UO{sub 2}){sub 2}(C{sub 2}O{sub 4})(C{sub 5}H{sub 6}NO{sub 3}){sub 2}, in the uranium-L-pyroglutamic acid system has been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. The title compound consists of uranium pentagonal bipyramids bridged through both L-pyroglutamate and oxalate linkages to produce a 3D crystal structure. The oxalate anions are theorized to result from decarboxylation of L-pyroglutamic acid followed by subsequent coupling of CO{sub 2}.

  4. Magnetism and electronic structure of binuclear manganese complexes in ortho-quinone ligand and polymer environments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rakhimov, R. R.; Arrington, S. A.; Hwang, J. S.; Prokof'ev, A. I.; Alexandrov, I. A.; Aleksandrov, A. I.

    2006-04-01

    By means of mechanochemical synthesis we obtained a coordination polymer containing binuclear manganese complexes with organic catechol/ortho-quinone ligands. The reaction system contained polystyrene, manganese acetylacetonate, and donor-acceptor mixture catechol/ortho-quinone. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and infrared spectroscopic data show that the binuclear manganese complex is covalently linked to the chain of polystyrene. Theoretical EPR spectrum analysis revealed a triplet state of the complex with two nonequivalent manganese ions coupled to each other by spin exchange. The type of magnetic coupling between manganese ions in this system is similar to the one in manganese based inorganic magnetic materials.

  5. Synthesis and spectroscopic studies of some chromium and molybdenum derivatives of bis-(acetylacetone)ethylenediimine ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramadan, Ramadan M.; Abdel-Rahman, Laila H.; Ismael, Mohamed; Youssef, Teraze A.; Ali, Saadia A.

    2013-10-01

    Interaction of [Cr(CO)6] with bis-(acetylacetone)ethylenediimine Schiff base, H2acacen, under reduced pressure resulted in the formation of [Cr(CO)3(H2acacen)] derivative. The Schiff base acted as a tridentate and coordinated the metal through the nitrogen of the azomethine groups and one hydroxyl group. Reaction of [Mo(CO)6] with H2acacen under sunlight irradiation in presence of air gave the oxo derivative [Mo2O6(H2acacen)2]. The ligand acted as a bidentate and coordinated the metal through the two imine groups. In presence of 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy), the reaction of [Mo(CO)6] with H2acacen gave [Mo2O6(bpy)(H2acacec)]. The structures of the reported complexes were proposed on the basis of spectroscopic studies. The proposed structures were also verified by theoretical calculations based on accurate DFT approximations. Moreover, the relative reactivity was estimated using chemical descriptors analysis.

  6. Structural analysis of the active sites of dihydrofolate reductase from two species of Candida uncovers ligand-induced conformational changes shared among species

    PubMed Central

    Paulsen, Janet L.; Viswanathan, Kishore; Wright, Dennis L.; Anderson, Amy C.

    2013-01-01

    A novel strategy for targeting the pathogenic organisms Candida albicans and Candida glabrata focuses on the development of potent and selective antifolates effective against dihydrofolate reductase. Crystal structure analysis suggested that an essential loop at the active site (Thr 58-Phe 66) differs from the analogous residues in the human enzyme, potentially providing a mechanism for achieving selectivity. In order to probe the role of this loop, we employed chemical synthesis, crystal structure determination and molecular dynamics simulations. The results of these analyses show that the loop residues undergo ligand-induced conformational changes that are similar among the fungal and human species. PMID:23375226

  7. Synthesis of new chiral monodentate phosphite ligands and their use in catalytic asymmetric hydrogenation.

    PubMed

    Hua, Zihao; Vassar, Victor C; Ojima, Iwao

    2003-10-16

    [reaction: see text] New monodentate phosphite ligands have been developed from axially chiral biphenols, which show excellent enantioselectivity in the Rh(I)-catalyzed hydrogenation of dimethyl itaconate. The new chiral ligand system is suitable to create libraries and possesses fine-tuning capability. PMID:14535721

  8. Starch synthesis in Arabidopsis. Granule synthesis, composition, and structure.

    PubMed

    Zeeman, Samuel C; Tiessen, Axel; Pilling, Emma; Kato, K Lisa; Donald, Athene M; Smith, Alison M

    2002-06-01

    The aim of this work was to characterize starch synthesis, composition, and granule structure in Arabidopsis leaves. First, the potential role of starch-degrading enzymes during starch accumulation was investigated. To discover whether simultaneous synthesis and degradation of starch occurred during net accumulation, starch was labeled by supplying (14)CO(2) to intact, photosynthesizing plants. Release of this label from starch was monitored during a chase period in air, using different light intensities to vary the net rate of starch synthesis. No release of label was detected unless there was net degradation of starch during the chase. Similar experiments were performed on a mutant line (dbe1) that accumulates the soluble polysaccharide, phytoglycogen. Label was not released from phytoglycogen during the chase indicating that, even when in a soluble form, glucan is not appreciably degraded during accumulation. Second, the effect on starch composition of growth conditions and mutations causing starch accumulation was studied. An increase in starch content correlated with an increased amylose content of the starch and with an increase in the ratio of granule-bound starch synthase to soluble starch synthase activity. Third, the structural organization and morphology of Arabidopsis starch granules was studied. The starch granules were birefringent, indicating a radial organization of the polymers, and x-ray scatter analyses revealed that granules contained alternating crystalline and amorphous lamellae with a periodicity of 9 nm. Granules from the wild type and the high-starch mutant sex1 were flattened and discoid, whereas those of the high-starch mutant sex4 were larger and more rounded. These larger granules contained "growth rings" with a periodicity of 200 to 300 nm. We conclude that leaf starch is synthesized without appreciable turnover and comprises similar polymers and contains similar levels of molecular organization to storage starches, making Arabidopsis

  9. Unusual coordinatio