Science.gov

Sample records for lightering

  1. Lighter fluid poisoning

    MedlinePlus

    ... in lighter fluids are called hydrocarbons. They include: Benzene Butane Hexamine Lacolene Naptha Propane Where Found Various ... PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2014:chap 158. Mirkin DB. Benzene and related aromatic hydrocarbons. In: Shannon MW, Borron ...

  2. The Lighter Side of Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bacall, Aaron

    This book presents a collection of cartoons that focus on the lighter side of teaching. In a tongue-in-cheek introduction, the book asserts that one achievable goal which should have been included in the 1994 Educate America Act is that all teachers will start each school day by reading one funny cartoon and having a good chuckle before they go to…

  3. 78 FR 52679 - Safety Standard for Cigarette Lighters; Adjusted Customs Value for Cigarette Lighters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-26

    ... 1210 Safety Standard for Cigarette Lighters; Adjusted Customs Value for Cigarette Lighters AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Commission has a safety standard... standard defines ``disposable lighters,'' in part, as refillable lighters that use butane or similar...

  4. 49 CFR 173.308 - Lighters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... the escape of gas include changes in materials of construction, ignition mechanism, burner valve..., intermediate or outer packagings must meet the pressure differential requirements of § 173.27(c) of this part...) Description of the lighter design type (e.g., model, dimensions, ignition mechanism, reservoir capacity,...

  5. 16 CFR 1210.3 - Requirements for cigarette lighters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Requirements for cigarette lighters. 1210.3... REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child Resistance § 1210.3 Requirements for cigarette lighters. (a) A lighter subject to this part 1210 shall be resistant to successful operation by...

  6. 33 CFR 156.300 - Designated lightering zones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...′00″, and thence to the point of beginning. (NAD 83) (b) Gulfmex No. 2—lightering zone. This... thence to the point of beginning. (NAD 83) (c) Offshore Pascagoula No. 2—lightering zone. This lightering...″, 87°00′00″, and thence to the point of beginning. (NAD 83) (d) South Sabine Point—lightering...

  7. 33 CFR 156.300 - Designated lightering zones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Designated lightering zones. 156.300 Section 156.300 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... Requirements for the Gulf of Mexico § 156.300 Designated lightering zones. The following lightering zones...

  8. 33 CFR 156.300 - Designated lightering zones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Designated lightering zones. 156.300 Section 156.300 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... Requirements for the Gulf of Mexico § 156.300 Designated lightering zones. The following lightering zones...

  9. 33 CFR 156.300 - Designated lightering zones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Designated lightering zones. 156.300 Section 156.300 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... Requirements for the Gulf of Mexico § 156.300 Designated lightering zones. The following lightering zones...

  10. 16 CFR 1210.3 - Requirements for cigarette lighters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requirements for cigarette lighters. 1210.3 Section 1210.3 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child Resistance § 1210.3 Requirements...

  11. 16 CFR 1210.3 - Requirements for cigarette lighters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Requirements for cigarette lighters. 1210.3 Section 1210.3 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child Resistance § 1210.3 Requirements...

  12. 16 CFR 1210.3 - Requirements for cigarette lighters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Requirements for cigarette lighters. 1210.3 Section 1210.3 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child Resistance § 1210.3 Requirements...

  13. 16 CFR 1210.3 - Requirements for cigarette lighters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Requirements for cigarette lighters. 1210.3 Section 1210.3 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child Resistance § 1210.3 Requirements...

  14. 33 CFR 156.300 - Designated lightering zones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) POLLUTION OIL AND HAZARDOUS MATERIAL TRANSFER OPERATIONS Lightering Zones and Operational... designated in the Gulf of Mexico and are more than 60 miles from the baseline from which the territorial...

  15. Current developments lighter than air systems. [heavy lift airships

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mayer, N. J.

    1981-01-01

    Lighter than air aircraft (LTA) developments and research in the United States and other countries are reviewed. The emphasis in the U.S. is on VTOL airships capable of heavy lift, and on long endurance types for coastal maritime patrol. Design concepts include hybrids which combine heavier than air and LTA components and characteristics. Research programs are concentrated on aerodynamics, flight dynamics, and control of hybrid types.

  16. 78 FR 18965 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request: Safety Standard for Cigarette Lighters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-28

    ... COMMISSION Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request: Safety Standard for Cigarette Lighters AGENCY... a collection of information associated with the Commission's safety standard for cigarette lighters... the Safety Standard for Cigarette Lighters, 16 CFR part 1210. One comment was received in response...

  17. 33 CFR 157.410 - Emergency lightering requirements for oil tankers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Emergency lightering requirements... Petroleum Oils § 157.410 Emergency lightering requirements for oil tankers. Each oil tanker, to which this... equipment shall be located on the main deck, in the cargo control room, in the pump room, or in...

  18. 33 CFR 157.410 - Emergency lightering requirements for oil tankers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Emergency lightering requirements... Petroleum Oils § 157.410 Emergency lightering requirements for oil tankers. Each oil tanker, to which this... equipment shall be located on the main deck, in the cargo control room, in the pump room, or in...

  19. Technical Feasibility of Loitering Lighter-Than-Air Near-Space Maneuvering Vehicles

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-01

    to loiter an operational payload within this high altitude region using a lighter-than-air maneuvering platform. A parametric analysis was conducted...4. Analysis and Results...requirements to loiter an operational payload in near-space using a lighter-than-air maneuvering platform. A parametric analysis was conducted to

  20. 16 CFR 1212.3 - Requirements for multi-purpose lighters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requirements for multi-purpose lighters. 1212.3 Section 1212.3 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance §...

  1. 16 CFR 1212.3 - Requirements for multi-purpose lighters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Requirements for multi-purpose lighters. 1212.3 Section 1212.3 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance §...

  2. 16 CFR 1212.3 - Requirements for multi-purpose lighters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Requirements for multi-purpose lighters. 1212.3 Section 1212.3 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance §...

  3. 16 CFR 1212.3 - Requirements for multi-purpose lighters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Requirements for multi-purpose lighters. 1212.3 Section 1212.3 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance §...

  4. 16 CFR 1212.3 - Requirements for multi-purpose lighters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Requirements for multi-purpose lighters. 1212.3 Section 1212.3 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance §...

  5. Estimation of emissions from charcoal lighter fluid and review of alternatives. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Campbell, D.L.; Stockton, M.B.

    1990-01-01

    The report gives results of an evaluation of emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from charcoal lighter fluid, a consumer product consisting entirely of volatile constituents. An estimated 46,250 tons (42,000 Mg) of charcoal lighter fluid is used in the U.S. each year. VOCs contribute to the formation of ozone; therefore, the ozone nonattainment issue has focused attention on VOCs emitted from many sources. VOCs are emitted when charcoal lighter fluid is used, but these emissions are difficult to quantify. Evaporative VOC losses occur from the lighter fluid prior to ignition, and combustion VOC losses occur from burning lighter-fluid-soaked charcoal briquettes. This study evaluates tests conducted to date on charcoal lighter fluid emissions. The information is most complete for evaporative VOC losses. The estimates vary greatly, however, based on the length of time between application of the lighter fluid and ignition. The limited tests conducted to date have not distinguished lighter fluid from charcoal-briquette combustion emissions.

  6. ESTIMATION OF EMISSIONS FROM CHARCOAL LIGHTER FLUID AND REVIEW OF ALTERNATIVES

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report gives results of an evaluation of emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from charcoal lighter fluid, a consumer product consisting entirely of volatile constituents. An estimated 46,250 tons (42,000 Mg) of charcoal lighter fluid is used in the U.S. each year. ...

  7. Study of the effectiveness of the US safety standard for child resistant cigarette lighters

    PubMed Central

    Smith, L; Greene, M; Singh, H

    2002-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effectiveness of the US Consumer Product Safety Commission's (CPSC) Safety Standard for Cigarette Lighters, which requires that disposable cigarette lighters be resistant to operation by children younger than age 5. Methods: Fire data on children playing with lighters were solicited from selected US fire departments for incidents occurring from 1997–99, to identify the proportion of such fires caused by children younger than age 5 playing with cigarette lighters. These data were compared with similar data from 1985–87. An odds ratio was used to determine if there was a significant decrease in cigarette lighter fires caused by children younger than age 5 compared to children ages 5 and older. To estimate fires that would have occurred without the standard, the odds ratio, adjusted for population, was applied to 1998 national estimates of fires occurring. National estimates of 1998 fire losses were based on data from the National Fire Incident Reporting System and the National Fire Protection Association to which the 1997–99 age and lighter type distributions were applied. The difference between the fire losses that would have occurred and those that did occur represented fire losses prevented. Results: In the post-standard study, 48% of the cigarette lighter fires were started by children younger than age 5, compared with 71% in the pre-standard study. The odds ratio of 0.42 was statistically significant (p<0.01). This represented a 58% reduction in fires caused by the younger age group compared to the older age group. When applied to national fire loss data, an estimated 3300 fires, 100 deaths, 660 injuries, and $52.5 million in property loss were prevented by the standard in 1998, totaling $566.8 million in 1998 societal savings. Conclusions: The CPSC standard requiring child resistant cigarette lighters has reduced fire deaths, injuries, and property loss caused by children playing with cigarette

  8. An approach to market analysis for lighter than air transportation of freight

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Roberts, P. O.; Marcus, H. S.; Pollock, J. H.

    1975-01-01

    An approach is presented to marketing analysis for lighter than air vehicles in a commercial freight market. After a discussion of key characteristics of supply and demand factors, a three-phase approach to marketing analysis is described. The existing transportation systems are quantitatively defined and possible roles for lighter than air vehicles within this framework are postulated. The marketing analysis views the situation from the perspective of both the shipper and the carrier. A demand for freight service is assumed and the resulting supply characteristics are determined. Then, these supply characteristics are used to establish the demand for competing modes. The process is then iterated to arrive at the market solution.

  9. Search for a lighter Higgs boson in Two Higgs Doublet Models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cacciapaglia, Giacomo; Deandrea, Aldo; Gascon-Shotkin, Suzanne; Le Corre, Solène; Lethuillier, Morgan; Tao, Junquan

    2016-12-01

    We consider present constraints on Two Higgs Doublet Models, both from the LHC at Run 1 and from other sources in order to explore the possibility of constraining a neutral scalar or pseudo-scalar particle lighter than the 125 GeV Higgs boson. Such a lighter particle is not yet completely excluded by present data. We show with a simplified analysis that some new constraints could be obtained at the LHC if such a search is performed by the experimental collaborations, which we therefore encourage to continue carrying out light diphoton resonance searches at √{s}=13 TeV in the context of Two Higgs Doublet Models.

  10. 33 CFR 156.230 - Factors considered in designating lightering zones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... SECURITY (CONTINUED) POLLUTION OIL AND HAZARDOUS MATERIAL TRANSFER OPERATIONS Special Requirements for..., and their effect on lightering operations, and the fate of possible cargo discharges; (e) The depth of water and underwater obstructions that may adversely impact anchorages and clearance of vessels;...

  11. 33 CFR 156.230 - Factors considered in designating lightering zones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... SECURITY (CONTINUED) POLLUTION OIL AND HAZARDOUS MATERIAL TRANSFER OPERATIONS Special Requirements for..., and their effect on lightering operations, and the fate of possible cargo discharges; (e) The depth of water and underwater obstructions that may adversely impact anchorages and clearance of vessels;...

  12. 33 CFR 156.230 - Factors considered in designating lightering zones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... SECURITY (CONTINUED) POLLUTION OIL AND HAZARDOUS MATERIAL TRANSFER OPERATIONS Special Requirements for..., and their effect on lightering operations, and the fate of possible cargo discharges; (e) The depth of water and underwater obstructions that may adversely impact anchorages and clearance of vessels;...

  13. 33 CFR 156.230 - Factors considered in designating lightering zones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... environmental analysis or, if prepared, the Environmental Impact Statement; (b) The proximity of the zone to: (1... traditional use of areas for lightering operations; (d) The normal weather and sea conditions in the areas... water and underwater obstructions that may adversely impact anchorages and clearance of vessels;...

  14. Missions and vehicle concepts for modern, propelled, lighter-than-air vehicles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ardema, M. D.

    1984-01-01

    The results of studies conducted over the last 15 years to assess missions and vehicle concepts for modern, propelled, lighter-than-air vehicles (airships) were surveyed. Rigid and non-rigid airship concepts are considered. The use of airships for ocean patrol and surveillance is discussed along with vertical heavy lift airships. Military and civilian needs for high altitude platforms are addressed.

  15. Airships 101: Rediscovering the Potential of Lighter-Than-Air (LTA)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Melton, John E.; Hochstetler, Ronald D.

    2012-01-01

    An overview of airships past, present, and future is provided in a Powerpoint-formatted presentation. This presentation was requested for transfer to the British MOD by Paul Espinosa of NASA Ames, Code PX. The presentation provides general information about airships divided into four main categories: the legacy of NASA Ames in LTA (Lighter-Than-Air), LTA taxonomy and theory, LTA revival and missions, and LTA research and technology.

  16. Dynamic Response Analysis of an Icosahedron Shaped Lighter Than Air Vehicle

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-26

    results using a modal analysis. The experimental setup designed will allow future research on the interaction between the frame and skin of icosahedron...Icosahedron Frame ( on Right) with Membrane Skin ( on Left)......................... 13 Figure 3: Beam Cross-section for Icosahedron Frame ...LTAV Lighter Than Air Vehicle m Meter M Mass Matrix MATLAB Matrix Laboratory MAV Micro Air Vehicle MPa Megapascal n Mode Number N Number of

  17. Ab initio studies of atomic properties and experimental behavior of element 119 and its lighter homologs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borschevsky, A.; Pershina, V.; Eliav, E.; Kaldor, U.

    2013-03-01

    Static dipole polarizabilities of element 119 and its singly charged cation are calculated, along with those of its lighter homologs, Cs and Fr. Relativity is treated within the 4-component Dirac-Coulomb formalism and electron correlation is included by the single reference coupled cluster approach with single, double, and perturbative triple excitations (CCSD(T)). Very good agreement with available experimental values is obtained for Cs, lending credence to the predictions for Fr and element 119. The atomic properties in group-1 are largely determined by the valence ns orbital, which experiences relativistic stabilization and contraction in the heavier elements. As a result, element 119 is predicted to have a relatively low polarizability (169.7 a.u.), comparable to that of Na. The adsorption enthalpy of element 119 on Teflon, which is important for possible future experimental studies of this element, is estimated as 17.6 kJ/mol, the lowest among the atoms considered here.

  18. Ab initio studies of atomic properties and experimental behavior of element 119 and its lighter homologs.

    PubMed

    Borschevsky, A; Pershina, V; Eliav, E; Kaldor, U

    2013-03-28

    Static dipole polarizabilities of element 119 and its singly charged cation are calculated, along with those of its lighter homologs, Cs and Fr. Relativity is treated within the 4-component Dirac-Coulomb formalism and electron correlation is included by the single reference coupled cluster approach with single, double, and perturbative triple excitations (CCSD(T)). Very good agreement with available experimental values is obtained for Cs, lending credence to the predictions for Fr and element 119. The atomic properties in group-1 are largely determined by the valence ns orbital, which experiences relativistic stabilization and contraction in the heavier elements. As a result, element 119 is predicted to have a relatively low polarizability (169.7 a.u.), comparable to that of Na. The adsorption enthalpy of element 119 on Teflon, which is important for possible future experimental studies of this element, is estimated as 17.6 kJ/mol, the lowest among the atoms considered here.

  19. Survey of Applications of Active Control Technology for Gust Alleviation and New Challenges for Lighter-weight Aircraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Regan, Christopher D.; Jutte, Christine V.

    2012-01-01

    This report provides a historical survey and assessment of the state of the art in the modeling and application of active control to aircraft encountering atmospheric disturbances in flight. Particular emphasis is placed on applications of active control technologies that enable weight reduction in aircraft by mitigating the effects of atmospheric disturbances. Based on what has been learned to date, recommendations are made for addressing gust alleviation on as the trend for more structurally efficient aircraft yields both lighter and more flexible aircraft. These lighter more flexible aircraft face two significant challenges reduced separation between rigid body and flexible modes, and increased sensitivity to gust encounters due to increased wing loading and improved lift to drag ratios. The primary audience of this paper is engineering professionals new to the area of gust load alleviation and interested in tackling the multifaceted challenges that lie ahead for lighter-weight aircraft.

  20. Flotation of Denser Liquid Drops on Lighter Liquids in Non-Neumann Condition: Role of Line Tension.

    PubMed

    George, D; Damodara, S; Iqbal, R; Sen, A K

    2016-10-11

    Flotation of a denser liquid drop on lighter liquid has been explained earlier via the Neumann triangle. We demonstrate the flotation of a denser liquid (water) drop on a lighter liquid in a pair that does not satisfy the Neumann triangle. We attribute this newly studied phenomenon to the role of line tension τ which prevents the water droplet from complete engulfment. A simple model is used to explain the underlying physics and to obtain critical line tension value for stable flotation. We establish line tension values for different liquids with water and show possible heterogeneous nucleation that contributes toward the variance of line tension values.

  1. Development of a Big Area BackLighter for high energy density experiments.

    PubMed

    Flippo, K A; Kline, J L; Doss, F W; Loomis, E N; Emerich, M; Devolder, B; Murphy, T J; Fournier, K B; Kalantar, D H; Regan, S P; Barrios, M A; Merritt, E C; Perry, T S; Tregillis, I L; Welser-Sherrill, L; Fincke, J R

    2014-09-01

    A very large area (7.5 mm(2)) laser-driven x-ray backlighter, termed the Big Area BackLighter (BABL) has been developed for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) to support high energy density experiments. The BABL provides an alternative to Pinhole-Apertured point-projection Backlighting (PABL) for a large field of view. This bypasses the challenges for PABL in the equatorial plane of the NIF target chamber where space is limited because of the unconverted laser light that threatens the diagnostic aperture, the backlighter foil, and the pinhole substrate. A transmission experiment using 132 kJ of NIF laser energy at a maximum intensity of 8.52 × 10(14) W/cm(2) illuminating the BABL demonstrated good conversion efficiency of >3.5% into K-shell emission producing ~4.6 kJ of high energy x rays, while yielding high contrast images with a highly uniform background that agree well with 2D simulated spectra and spatial profiles.

  2. Population-based evaluation of the 'LiveLighter' healthy weight and lifestyle mass media campaign.

    PubMed

    Morley, B; Niven, P; Dixon, H; Swanson, M; Szybiak, M; Shilton, T; Pratt, I S; Slevin, T; Hill, D; Wakefield, M

    2016-04-01

    The Western Australian (WA) 'LiveLighter' (LL) mass media campaign ran during June-August and September-October 2012. The principal campaign ad graphically depicts visceral fat of an overweight individual ('why' change message), whereas supporting ads demonstrate simple changes to increase activity and eat healthier ('how' to change message). Cross-sectional surveys among population samples aged 25-49 were undertaken pre-campaign (N= 2012) and following the two media waves (N= 2005 and N= 2009) in the intervention (WA) and comparison state (Victoria) to estimate the population impact of LL. Campaign awareness was 54% after the first media wave and overweight adults were more likely to recall LL and perceive it as personally relevant. Recall was also higher among parents, but equal between socio-economic groups. The 'why' message about health-harms of overweight rated higher than 'how' messages about lifestyle change, on perceived message effectiveness which is predictive of health-related intention and behaviour change. State-by-time interactions showed population-level increases in self-referent thoughts about the health-harms of overweight (P < 0.05) and physical activity intentions (P < 0.05). Endorsement of stereotypes of overweight individuals did not increase after LL aired. LL was associated with some population-level improvements in proximal and intermediate markers of campaign impact. However, sustained campaign activity will be needed to impact behaviour.

  3. Low-cost inflatable lighter-than-air surveillance system for civilian applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kiddy, Jason S.; Chen, Peter C.; Niemczuk, John B.

    2002-08-01

    Today's society places an extremely high price on the value of human life and injury. Whenever possible, police and paramilitary actions are always directed towards saving as many lives as possible, whether it is the officer, perpetrator, or innocent civilians. Recently, the advent of robotic systems has enable law enforcement agencies to perform many of the most dangerous aspects of their jobs from relative safety. This is especially true to bomb disposal units but it is also gaining acceptance in other areas. An area where small, remotely operated machines may prove effective is in local aerial surveillance. Currently, the only aerial surveillance assets generally available to law enforcement agencies are costly helicopters. Unfortunately, most of the recently developed unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) are directed towards military applications and have limited civilian use. Systems Planning and Analysis, Inc. (SPA) has conceived and performed a preliminary analysis of a low-cost, inflatable, lighter- than-air surveillance system that may be used in a number of military and law enforcement surveillance situations. The preliminary analysis includes the concept definition, a detailed trade study to determine the optimal configuration of the surveillance system, high-pressure inflation tests, and a control analysis. This paper will provide the details in these areas of the design and provide an insight into the feasibility of such a system.

  4. 16 CFR 1145.16 - Lighters that are intended for igniting smoking materials and that can be operated by children...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... smoking materials and that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury. 1145.16 Section 1145.16... for igniting smoking materials and that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury. (a) The... necessary, risks of death or injury that are associated with lighters that are intended for igniting...

  5. 16 CFR 1145.16 - Lighters that are intended for igniting smoking materials and that can be operated by children...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... smoking materials and that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury. 1145.16 Section 1145.16... for igniting smoking materials and that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury. (a) The... necessary, risks of death or injury that are associated with lighters that are intended for igniting...

  6. 16 CFR 1145.16 - Lighters that are intended for igniting smoking materials and that can be operated by children...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... smoking materials and that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury. 1145.16 Section 1145.16... for igniting smoking materials and that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury. (a) The... necessary, risks of death or injury that are associated with lighters that are intended for igniting...

  7. 16 CFR 1145.16 - Lighters that are intended for igniting smoking materials and that can be operated by children...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... smoking materials and that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury. 1145.16 Section 1145.16... for igniting smoking materials and that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury. (a) The... necessary, risks of death or injury that are associated with lighters that are intended for igniting...

  8. 16 CFR 1145.16 - Lighters that are intended for igniting smoking materials and that can be operated by children...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... smoking materials and that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury. 1145.16 Section 1145.16... for igniting smoking materials and that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury. (a) The... necessary, risks of death or injury that are associated with lighters that are intended for igniting...

  9. 16 CFR 1145.17 - Multi-purpose lighters that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... by children; risks of death or injury. 1145.17 Section 1145.17 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT... UNDER THE CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT § 1145.17 Multi-purpose lighters that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury. (a) The Commission finds that it is in the public interest to regulate...

  10. 16 CFR 1145.17 - Multi-purpose lighters that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... by children; risks of death or injury. 1145.17 Section 1145.17 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT... UNDER THE CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT § 1145.17 Multi-purpose lighters that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury. (a) The Commission finds that it is in the public interest to regulate...

  11. 16 CFR 1145.17 - Multi-purpose lighters that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... by children; risks of death or injury. 1145.17 Section 1145.17 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT... UNDER THE CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT § 1145.17 Multi-purpose lighters that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury. (a) The Commission finds that it is in the public interest to regulate...

  12. 16 CFR 1145.17 - Multi-purpose lighters that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... by children; risks of death or injury. 1145.17 Section 1145.17 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT... UNDER THE CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT § 1145.17 Multi-purpose lighters that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury. (a) The Commission finds that it is in the public interest to regulate...

  13. 16 CFR 1145.17 - Multi-purpose lighters that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... by children; risks of death or injury. 1145.17 Section 1145.17 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT... UNDER THE CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT § 1145.17 Multi-purpose lighters that can be operated by children; risks of death or injury. (a) The Commission finds that it is in the public interest to regulate...

  14. Larger, Lighter Space Telescopes by Implementing In-Space Manufacturing Concepts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mooney, James t.; Gregory, Don; Herren, Ken; Howsman, Tom

    2007-01-01

    There is a continuous demand for larger, lighter, and higher quality telescopes from both the astronomical and global surveillance communities one looking up and the other down. Enabling technologies must be developed and implemented that will allow this goal to be financially and technically feasible. The optical systems needed far high spatial resolution surveillance and astronomical applications require large optical, apertures with mention of future systems up to 150 meter in diameter. With traditional optical manufacturing technologies, large optical aperture means high mass and long fabrication lead times with associated high costs. Completely new approaches to optical fabrication must be developed to enable the fabrication of such optical systems. The cost and lead time associated with the fabrication of lightweight, high quality optical systems limits the feasible size of the optics. A primary factor in the launch cost of space optical systems is volume and mass. To minimize the mass of the high quality optics, optical fabricators implement materials with high specific stiffness and use honeycomb, or other structural minimization patterns, to support the optical surface; however, the structure must still be designed to survive launch loads. This sigmficantly adds to the fabrication difficulty and dramatically increases launch costs. One approach to minimizing launch volume and negating the need for the design to survive launch loads is to send the manufacturing facility and raw materials into space and perform the fabrication in-situ. We, are currently performing feasibility studies of initial concepts for inspace manufacturing of optical systems. By utilizing the micro-gravity and vacuum environment of space while eliminating the constraints defined by high launch forces and limited volume of the launch vehicle, the development of large, high quality glass membrane mirrors may be feasible. Several concepts were investigated to address the manufacturing of

  15. Lighter-Than-Air Blimps As a Testbed For River Remote Sensing Techniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fonstad, M. A.

    2010-12-01

    River science has seen a methodological revolution during the past decade as new platforms, sensors, and processing algorithms have allowed the remote collection of river data with ever-increasing ease, accuracy, precision, and extent. Recently, hand-held, low cost lighter-than-air blimps have been suggested as an important platform for river remote sensing, particularly when high-resolution and low-cost imaging is required. Because blimps are small, inexpensive, and relatively simple to operate in the field, they allow rapid river remote sensing trials, particularly over shorter river reaches. Unlike most airborne or satellite approaches, hand-held blimps can also be used to do very rapid repeat imaging. Field experiments show that such hand-held platforms are not as stable as most airborne and satellite platforms, and they have far reduced lift, allowing only very small and simple camera systems. They are also susceptible to become entangled in near-channel trees, and almost always have the problem of inclusion of the operator somewhere in resulting image. These issues notwithstanding, the simple adjustment of blimp tether length can easily allow adjustment of ground resolution to extremely high levels, and programmable cameras can allow versatility in automatic camera shutter intervals, shutter speeds, and other image constraints. We utilize low-altitude helikite platforms to test the potential for remote sensing (a) well geometrically-controlled measurements of water surface configuration, (b) submerged and near-channel sediment sizes, (c) water depth, and (d) surface velocity. The velocity imaging techniques include the use of natural and artificial particle image velocimetry (PIV) features, with velocity extracted using either the principles of motion blur or from sequential images. In addition, we use these low-cost, mobile platforms to test the brightness and color effects of shadows cast upon the water surface, and use these results to suggest potential

  16. [Atypical case of teenager fatal poisoning by butane as a result of gas for lighters inhalation against his will].

    PubMed

    Celiński, Rafał; Skowronek, Rafał; Uttecht-Pudełko, Anna

    2013-01-01

    Inhalatomania with volatile organic compounds is a still present phenomenon among Polish young adolescents. Conscious, voluntary exposition on such substances may result in serious health consequences, including sudden death in the course of acute intoxication. In this paper, atypical case of death of 16-year-old teenager as a result of complications of physically forced inhalation of gas for lighters is presented. According to testimonies of witnesses, the container was placed in the mouth of victim and the gas was introduced directly to his throat. Autopsy revealed small damage of tooth with corresponding bruising of lower lip; brain and lung oedma; single bruisings in the upper respiratory tract and subpleural. Chemical-toxicological analysis of blood, brain and lung samples taken during autopsy revealed in all of them the presence of n-butan--a component of gas for lighters (the greatest in brain and lung tissues). Additionally, in blood the presence of carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) in concentration 7% was confirmed. Based on the results of analyses, acute intoxication with n-butan was estimated as a cause of death; however the key role played the information obtained during the investigation. This case shows, that deaths resulting from gas for lighters inhalation may be a consequence of forced exposition--against victim's will. So medical staff should always check, if on the body of patient there are any signs of physical constraint (the presence of bruisings in the area of viscerocranium and oral cavity, teeth damages, etc.).

  17. CNT reinforced epoxy foamed and electrospun nano-fiber interlayer systems for manufacturing lighter and stronger featherweight(TM) composites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Drakonakis, Vasileios M.

    Multiple works have been performed in improving carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites especially in terms of strength so delamination, which is the major defect in laminated composites, is prevented. Nevertheless, there is not much focus on improving conventional CFRP systems in terms of weight especially when these are used in primary structures. This work questions whether lighter and at the same time stronger CFRP composites can be manufactured in order to replace conventional CFRP systems in major applications. Under this perspective, this study demonstrates that inducing controlled porosity may offer a systemic approach for manufacturing light weight carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) matrix composites. Additionally, towards this scope, this work has focused on analyzing and describing the related matrix systems utilizing mostly classic viscoelastic theory. An in-depth characterization of the thermosetting matrix systems viscoelasticity kinetics as well as of the impregnation process towards its improvement in terms of lower cost is explored. Overall, this work makes an effort to establish the fundamentals for creating the next generation of light weight structural composites, the featherweight composites, by introducing porosity through several controlled reinforcements in a systemic and reproducible manner at the macro- micro- and nano- scales in the interlayer. By extensively describing the matrix system and the manufacturing processes and focusing on analytically testing the interlayer reinforcement systems, it is expected that featherweight CFRP will achieve lighter weight and at the same time higher mechanical properties.

  18. Lighter and heavier initial loads yield similar gains in strength when employing a progressive wave loading scheme

    PubMed Central

    Wood, PP; Goodwin, JE

    2016-01-01

    Progressive wave loading strategies are common within strength and conditioning practice. The purpose of this study was to contribute to the understanding of this strategy by evaluating the effectiveness of 2 wave loading bench press training programmes that differed only in the initial load that was used to start the first wave. Thirty-four resistance-trained men were divided into 2 groups and performed 2 training sessions each week for 20 weeks. One session consisted of 6 sets of 2 repetitions, while the other consisted of 5 sets of 5 repetitions. The load used was incremented by 2.5% of one repetition maximum (1RM) each week until the subject could no longer complete the programmed repetitions. At this point, the load was decreased, and then started to ascend again. The initial loads for the 2 sessions were 87.5% and 80% 1RM respectively for the heavier group, and for the lighter group were 82.5% and 75% 1RM. The subjects experienced a significant improvement in their bench press performance (higher load group: pre test = 106.5 kg ± 14.6, post test = 112.2 kg ± 12.4, p ≤ 0.05; lower load group: pre test = 105.7 kg ± 14.1, post test = 114.3 kg ± 11.0, p ≤ 0.05), but there was no difference in the magnitude of the improvment between the two groups. These results tend to support the common practical recommendation to start with a lighter load when employing a progressive wave loading strategy, as such a strategy yields similar improvements in performance with a lower level of exertion in training. PMID:27601780

  19. Two lighter than air systems in opposing flight regimes: An unmanned short haul, heavy load transport balloon and a manned, light payload airship

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pohl, R. A.

    1975-01-01

    Lighter Than Air vehicles are generally defined or categorized by the shape of the balloon, payload capacity and operational flight regime. Two balloon systems that are classed as being in opposite categories are described. One is a cable guided, helium filled, short haul, heavy load transport Lighter Than Air system with a natural shaped envelope. The other is a manned, aerodynamic shaped airship which utilizes hot air as the buoyancy medium and is in the light payload class. While the airship is in the design/fabrication phase with flight tests scheduled for the latter part of 1974, the transport balloon system has been operational for some eight years.

  20. Filtrates and Residues: Measuring the Atomic or Molecular Mass of a Gas with a Tire Gauge and a Butane Lighter Fluid Can.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bodner, George M.; Magginnis, Lenard J.

    1985-01-01

    Describes the use of an inexpensive apparatus (based on a butane lighter fluid can and a standard tire pressure gauge) in measuring the atomic/molecular mass of an unknown gas and in demonstrating the mass of air or the dependence of pressure on the mass of a gas. (JN)

  1. Biocompatible, biodegradable polymer-based, lighter than or light as water scaffolds for tissue engineering and methods for preparation and use thereof

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Laurencin, Cato T. (Inventor); Pollack, Solomon R. (Inventor); Levine, Elliot (Inventor); Botchwey, Edward (Inventor); Lu, Helen H. (Inventor); Khan, Mohammed Yusuf (Inventor)

    2012-01-01

    Scaffolds for tissue engineering prepared from biocompatible, biodegradable polymer-based, lighter than or light as water microcarriers and designed for cell culturing in vitro in a rotating bioreactor are provided. Methods for preparation and use of these scaffolds as tissue engineering devices are also provided.

  2. Some factors affecting the use of lighter than air systems. [economic and performance estimates for dirigibles and semi-buoyant hybrid vehicles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Havill, C. D.

    1974-01-01

    The uses of lighter-than-air vehicles are examined in the present day transportation environment. Conventional dirigibles were found to indicate an undesirable economic risk due to their low speeds and to uncertainties concerning their operational use. Semi-buoyant hybrid vehicles are suggested as an alternative which does not have many of the inferior characteristics of conventional dirigibles. Economic and performance estimates for hybrid vehicles indicate that they are competitive with other transportation systems in many applications, and unique in their ability to perform some highly desirable emergency missions.

  3. Development of a dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction method using a lighter-than-water ionic liquid for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in water.

    PubMed

    Medina, Giselle S; Reta, Mario

    2016-11-01

    A dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction method using a lighter-than-water phosphonium-based ionic liquid for the extraction of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from water samples has been developed. The extracted compounds were analyzed by liquid chromatography coupled to fluorescence/diode array detectors. The effects of several experimental parameters on the extraction efficiency, such as type and volume of ionic liquid and disperser solvent, type and concentration of salt in the aqueous phase and extraction time, were investigated and optimized. Three phosphonium-based ionic liquids were assayed, obtaining larger extraction efficiencies when trihexyl-(tetradecyl)phosphonium bromide was used. The optimized methodology requires a few microliters of a lighter-than-water phosphonium-based ionic liquid, which allows an easy separation of the extraction solvent phase. The obtained limits of detection were between 0.02 and 0.56 μg/L, enrichment factors between 109 and 228, recoveries between 60 and 108%, trueness between 0.4 and 9.9% and reproducibility values between 3 and 12% were obtained. These figures of merit combined with the simplicity, rapidity and low cost of the analytical methodology indicate that this is a viable and convenient alternative to the methods reported in the literature. The developed method was used to analyze polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in river water samples.

  4. Lighter-Than-Air Vehicles

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    Right with Connected Payload Suspended by a Crane on the Left .............................................................. A-2 Figure 59: NSMV...is equipped with envelope, mooring gantry trailers, and logistics services (e.g., operations center support trailer, power generators, and tow...Launch. Balloon Shown on Right with Connected Payload Suspended by a Crane on the left 61 A-3 could be separated from the balloon and returned to

  5. The Lighter Side of Chemistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamb, William G.

    1984-01-01

    Discusses the rationale for using photochemistry to merge descriptive chemistry and molecular orbital theory in first-year chemistry courses. Includes procedures and safety information for various activities, demonstrations, and experiments involving photochemical reactions. (DH)

  6. The lighter side of BDNF

    PubMed Central

    Noble, Emily E.; Billington, Charles J.; Kotz, Catherine M.

    2011-01-01

    Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mediates energy metabolism and feeding behavior. As a neurotrophin, BDNF promotes neuronal differentiation, survival during early development, adult neurogenesis, and neural plasticity; thus, there is the potential that BDNF could modify circuits important to eating behavior and energy expenditure. The possibility that “faulty” circuits could be remodeled by BDNF is an exciting concept for new therapies for obesity and eating disorders. In the hypothalamus, BDNF and its receptor, tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB), are extensively expressed in areas associated with feeding and metabolism. Hypothalamic BDNF and TrkB appear to inhibit food intake and increase energy expenditure, leading to negative energy balance. In the hippocampus, the involvement of BDNF in neural plasticity and neurogenesis is important to learning and memory, but less is known about how BDNF participates in energy homeostasis. We review current research about BDNF in specific brain locations related to energy balance, environmental, and behavioral influences on BDNF expression and the possibility that BDNF may influence energy homeostasis via its role in neurogenesis and neural plasticity. PMID:21346243

  7. Lighter-than-Air Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MOSAIC, 1977

    1977-01-01

    Reviews practical applications, particularly in scientific research, of hot air balloons. Recent U.S. governmental projects in near-space research are described. Lists (1) major accomplishments of scientific ballooning, including discoveries in cosmic ray particles, gamma and x-rays, and other radiation; (2) measurement of fluorocarbon…

  8. IS THE SUN LIGHTER THAN THE EARTH? ISOTOPIC CO IN THE PHOTOSPHERE, VIEWED THROUGH THE LENS OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL SPECTRUM SYNTHESIS

    SciTech Connect

    Ayres, Thomas R.; Lyons, J. R.; Ludwig, H.-G.; Caffau, E.; Wedemeyer-Boehm, S.

    2013-03-01

    We consider the formation of solar infrared (2-6 {mu}m) rovibrational bands of carbon monoxide (CO) in CO5BOLD 3D convection models, with the aim of refining abundances of the heavy isotopes of carbon ({sup 13}C) and oxygen ({sup 18}O, {sup 17}O), to compare with direct capture measurements of solar wind light ions by the Genesis Discovery Mission. We find that previous, mainly 1D, analyses were systematically biased toward lower isotopic ratios (e.g., R {sub 23} {identical_to} {sup 12}C/{sup 13}C), suggesting an isotopically 'heavy' Sun contrary to accepted fractionation processes that were thought to have operated in the primitive solar nebula. The new 3D ratios for {sup 13}C and {sup 18}O are R {sub 23} = 91.4 {+-} 1.3 (R {sub Circled-Plus} = 89.2) and R {sub 68} = 511 {+-} 10 (R {sub Circled-Plus} = 499), where the uncertainties are 1{sigma} and 'optimistic'. We also obtained R {sub 67} = 2738 {+-} 118 (R {sub Circled-Plus} = 2632), but we caution that the observed {sup 12}C{sup 17}O features are extremely weak. The new solar ratios for the oxygen isotopes fall between the terrestrial values and those reported by Genesis (R {sub 68} = 530, R {sub 67} = 2798), although including both within 2{sigma} error flags, and go in the direction favoring recent theories for the oxygen isotope composition of Ca-Al inclusions in primitive meteorites. While not a major focus of this work, we derive an oxygen abundance, {epsilon}{sub O} {approx} 603 {+-} 9 ppm (relative to hydrogen; log {epsilon} {approx} 8.78 on the H = 12 scale). The fact that the Sun is likely lighter than the Earth, isotopically speaking, removes the necessity of invoking exotic fractionation processes during the early construction of the inner solar system.

  9. The Lighter Side of Staff Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bacall, Aaron

    2004-01-01

    As educators, we often take ourselves a bit too seriously, so veteran educator and illustrator Aaron Bacall offers a little perspective with these lighthearted cartoons. Whether used as overheads for meetings or as an individual break in a busy day, this collection of whimsical glimpses at staff development will provide a moment to laugh and add a…

  10. Environic implications of lighter than air transportation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Horsbrugh, P.

    1975-01-01

    The advent of any new system of transportation must now be reviewed in the physical context and texture of the landscape. Henceforward, all transportation systems will be considered in respect of their effects upon the environment to ensure that they afford an environic asset as well as provide an economic benefit. The obligations which now confront the buoyancy engineers are emphasized so that they may respond to these ethical and environic urgencies simultaneously with routine technical development.

  11. An assessment of lighter than air technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vittek, J. F., Jr. (Editor)

    1975-01-01

    The workshop on LTA is summarized. The history and background are reviewed. The workshop reports for the following working groups are presented: policy, market analysis, economics, operations, and technology.

  12. Mobile-Computing Trends: Lighter, Faster, Smarter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Godwin-Jones, Robert

    2008-01-01

    The new era of mobile computing promises greater variety in applications, highly improved usability, and speedier networking. The 3G iPhone from Apple is the poster child for this trend, but there are plenty of other developments that point in this direction. Previous surveys, in LLT, and by researchers at the UK's Open University, have…

  13. LTA - Recent developments. [Lighter Than Air ships

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mayer, N. J.

    1977-01-01

    NASA-sponsored studies of existing and new LTA missions showed that airships looked very promising for some two dozen civil and military applications. These include surveillance of rural and urban areas, in the form of forest and police patrols; transport of very heavy large-volume maritime, industrial, and military payloads; coastal patrol and sea control; seismographic surveys; air pollution monitoring; and moving goods to remote areas; along with a number of less important but still attractive missions. A figure of merit of productivity (payload weight, ton moles per hour) was used to compare airships of various type and size. In each case, this criterion established an index of efficiency for evaluating not only conceptual approaches but also modes of flight. Some, in part unexpected, results of these studies are described.

  14. 49 CFR 173.308 - Lighters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... design, wall thickness, sealing materials, and type of fuel (e.g., vapor pressure differences). (2... Other Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS...

  15. 49 CFR 173.308 - Lighters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... design, wall thickness, sealing materials, and type of fuel (e.g., vapor pressure differences). (2... Other Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS...

  16. 49 CFR 173.308 - Lighters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... design, wall thickness, sealing materials, and type of fuel (e.g., vapor pressure differences). (2... Other Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS...

  17. 49 CFR 173.308 - Lighters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... design, wall thickness, sealing materials, and type of fuel (e.g., vapor pressure differences). (2... Other Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS SHIPPERS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS...

  18. 40 CFR 59.208 - Charcoal lighter material testing protocol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... with velocity traverse port holes located approximately 8 diameters downstream from the stack outlet of....083-centimeter (0.033 inches) thick painted flat black using high temperature (> 370 degrees...

  19. 40 CFR 59.208 - Charcoal lighter material testing protocol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... with velocity traverse port holes located approximately 8 diameters downstream from the stack outlet of....083-centimeter (0.033 inches) thick painted flat black using high temperature (>370 degrees...

  20. 40 CFR 59.208 - Charcoal lighter material testing protocol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... with velocity traverse port holes located approximately 8 diameters downstream from the stack outlet of....083-centimeter (0.033 inches) thick painted flat black using high temperature (> 370 degrees...

  1. 40 CFR 59.208 - Charcoal lighter material testing protocol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... with velocity traverse port holes located approximately 8 diameters downstream from the stack outlet of....083-centimeter (0.033 inches) thick painted flat black using high temperature (> 370 degrees...

  2. 40 CFR 59.208 - Charcoal lighter material testing protocol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... with velocity traverse port holes located approximately 8 diameters downstream from the stack outlet of....083-centimeter (0.033 inches) thick painted flat black using high temperature (> 370 degrees...

  3. A Lighter-Than-Air System Enhanced with Kinetic Lift

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Spearman, M. Leroy

    2002-01-01

    A hybrid airship system is proposed in which the buoyant lift is enhanced with kinetic lift. The airship would consist of twin hulls in which the buoyant gas is contained. The twin hulls would be connected in parallel by a wing having an airfoil contour. In forward flight, the wing would provide kinetic lift that would add to the buoyant lift. The added lift would permit a greater payload/altitude combination than that which could be supported by the buoyant lift alone. The buoyant lift is a function of the volume of gas and the flight altitude. The kinetic lift is a function of the airfoil section, wing area, and the speed and altitude of flight. Accordingly there are a number of factors that can be manipulated to arrive at a particular design. Particular designs could vary from small, lightweight systems to very large, heavy-load systems. It will be the purpose of this paper to examine the sensitivity of such a design to the several variables. In addition, possible uses made achievable by such a hybrid system will be suggested.

  4. X-15 test pilots - in a lighter mood

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1966-01-01

    The X-15 pilots clown around in front of the #2 aircraft.From left to right: USAF Capt. Joseph Engle, USAF Maj. Robert Rushworth, NASA test pilot John 'Jack' McKay, USAF Maj. William 'Pete' Knight, NASA test pilot Milton Thompson, and NASA test pilot William Dana. First flown in 1959 from the NASA High Speed Flight Station (later renamed the Dryden Flight Research Center), the rocket powered X-15 was developed to provide data on aerodynamics, structures, flight controls and the physiological aspects of high speed, high altitude flight. Three were built by North American Aviation for NASA and the U.S. Air Force. They made a total of 199 flights during a highly successful research program lasting almost ten years, following which its speed and altitude records for winged aircraft remained unbroken until the Space Shuttle first returned from earth orbit in 1981. The X-15's main rocket engine provided thrust for the first 80 to 120 seconds of a 10 to 11 minute flight; the aircraft then glided to a 200 mph landing. The X-15 reached altitudes of 354,200 feet (67.08 miles) and a speed of 4,520 mph (Mach 6.7).

  5. Market assessment in connection with lighter than air

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wood, J. E. R.

    1975-01-01

    A review of the marketability of the airship is given, and the relative energy consumption and speed potential of the airship is compared to other modes and guidelines to areas of initial development are also provided, together with a brief historical review.

  6. Smarter-lighter-greener: research innovations for the automotive sector.

    PubMed

    Bhattacharyya, S K

    2015-07-08

    This paper reviews the changing nature of research underpinning the revolution in the automotive sector. Legislation controlling vehicle emissions has brought urgency to research, so we are now noticing a more rapid development of new technologies than at any time in the past century. The light-weighting of structures, the refinement of advanced propulsion systems, the advent of new smart materials, and greater in-vehicle intelligence and connectivity with transport infrastructure all require a fundamental rethink of established technologies used for many decades-defining a range of new multi-disciplinary research challenges. While meeting escalating emission penalties, cars must also fulfil the human desire for speed, reliability, beauty, refinement and elegance, qualities that mark out the truly great automobile.

  7. Proceedings of the Interagency Workshop on Lighter than Air Vehicles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vittek, J. F., Jr. (Editor)

    1975-01-01

    Papers presented at the workshop are reported. Topics discussed include: economic and market analysis, technical and design considerations, manufacturing and operations, design concepts, airship applications, and unmanned and tethered systems.

  8. Protect Children from Dangerous Lighters Act of 2009

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Wyden, Ron [D-OR

    2009-03-26

    03/26/2009 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. (text of measure as introduced: CR S3924) (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  9. Bigger than a Breadbox; Lighter than a Heavy Heart

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Robert V.

    2009-01-01

    Inexact measurements can have devastating effects in sciences where precision is of paramount importance. In contrast, morphological sciences rely heavily on description, comparison, and estimation to make meaningful inferences about the structure of humans and other animals. A review of the 1918 edition of "Gray's Anatomy" shows that the tendency…

  10. Lighter-Than-Air Systems for Future Naval Missions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-01

    Lightship A-170 Goodyear GZ-22 Zeppelin NT ATG Sky Kitten (Semi-Rigid) (Non-Rigid) (Tethered) Categories of LTA Vehicles For the purposes of this...hybrid vehicles are small-scale prototypes, such as the Sky Kitten , but are being promoted as being scalable for heavy-lift applications, due to

  11. The lighter side of advertising: investigating posing and lighting biases.

    PubMed

    Thomas, Nicole A; Burkitt, Jennifer A; Patrick, Regan E; Elias, Lorin J

    2008-11-01

    People tend to display the left cheek when posing for a portrait; however, this effect does not appear to generalise to advertising. The amount of body visible in the image and the sex of the poser might also contribute to the posing bias. Portraits also exhibit lateral lighting biases, with most images being lit from the left. This effect might also be present in advertisements. A total of 2801 full-page advertisements were sampled and coded for posing direction, lighting direction, sex of model, and amount of body showing. Images of females showed an overall leftward posing bias, but the biases in males depended on the amount of body visible. Males demonstrated rightward posing biases for head-only images. Overall, images tended to be lit from the top left corner. The two factors of posing and lighting biases appear to influence one another. Leftward-lit images had more leftward poses than rightward, while the opposite occurred for rightward-lit images. Collectively, these results demonstrate that the posing biases in advertisements are dependent on the amount of body showing in the image, and that biases in lighting direction interact with these posing biases.

  12. Search for narrow resonances lighter than ϒ mesons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aaltonen, T.; Adelman, J.; Akimoto, T.; Álvarez González, B.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Apresyan, A.; Arisawa, T.; Artikov, A.; Ashmanskas, W.; Attal, A.; Aurisano, A.; Azfar, F.; Badgett, W.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barnes, V. E.; Barnett, B. A.; Barria, P.; Bartsch, V.; Bauer, G.; Beauchemin, P.-H.; Bedeschi, F.; Beecher, D.; Behari, S.; Bellettini, G.; Bellinger, J.; Benjamin, D.; Beretvas, A.; Beringer, J.; Bhatti, A.; Binkley, M.; Bisello, D.; Bizjak, I.; Blair, R. E.; Blocker, C.; Blumenfeld, B.; Bocci, A.; Bodek, A.; Boisvert, V.; Bolla, G.; Bortoletto, D.; Boudreau, J.; Boveia, A.; Brau, B.; Bridgeman, A.; Brigliadori, L.; Bromberg, C.; Brubaker, E.; Budagov, J.; Budd, H. S.; Budd, S.; Burke, S.; Burkett, K.; Busetto, G.; Bussey, P.; Buzatu, A.; Byrum, K. L.; Cabrera, S.; Calancha, C.; Campanelli, M.; Campbell, M.; Canelli, F.; Canepa, A.; Carls, B.; Carlsmith, D.; Carosi, R.; Carrillo, S.; Carron, S.; Casal, B.; Casarsa, M.; Castro, A.; Catastini, P.; Cauz, D.; Cavaliere, V.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Cerri, A.; Cerrito, L.; Chang, S. H.; Chen, Y. C.; Chertok, M.; Chiarelli, G.; Chlachidze, G.; Chlebana, F.; Cho, K.; Chokheli, D.; Chou, J. P.; Choudalakis, G.; Chuang, S. H.; Chung, K.; Chung, W. H.; Chung, Y. S.; Chwalek, T.; Ciobanu, C. I.; Ciocci, M. A.; Clark, A.; Clark, D.; Compostella, G.; Convery, M. E.; Conway, J.; Cordelli, M.; Cortiana, G.; Cox, C. A.; Cox, D. J.; Crescioli, F.; Cuenca Almenar, C.; Cuevas, J.; Culbertson, R.; Cully, J. C.; Dagenhart, D.; Datta, M.; Davies, T.; de Barbaro, P.; de Cecco, S.; Deisher, A.; de Lorenzo, G.; Dell'Orso, M.; Deluca, C.; Demortier, L.; Deng, J.; Deninno, M.; Derwent, P. F.; di Canto, A.; di Giovanni, G. P.; Dionisi, C.; di Ruzza, B.; Dittmann, J. R.; D'Onofrio, M.; Donati, S.; Dong, P.; Donini, J.; Dorigo, T.; Dube, S.; Efron, J.; Elagin, A.; Erbacher, R.; Errede, D.; Errede, S.; Eusebi, R.; Fang, H. C.; Farrington, S.; Fedorko, W. T.; Feild, R. G.; Feindt, M.; Fernandez, J. P.; Ferrazza, C.; Field, R.; Flanagan, G.; Forrest, R.; Frank, M. J.; Franklin, M.; Freeman, J. C.; Furic, I.; Gallinaro, M.; Galyardt, J.; Garberson, F.; Garcia, J. E.; Garfinkel, A. F.; Garosi, P.; Genser, K.; Gerberich, H.; Gerdes, D.; Gessler, A.; Giagu, S.; Giakoumopoulou, V.; Giannetti, P.; Gibson, K.; Gimmell, J. L.; Ginsburg, C. M.; Giokaris, N.; Giordani, M.; Giromini, P.; Giunta, M.; Giurgiu, G.; Glagolev, V.; Glenzinski, D.; Gold, M.; Goldschmidt, N.; Golossanov, A.; Gomez, G.; Gomez-Ceballos, G.; Goncharov, M.; González, O.; Gorelov, I.; Goshaw, A. T.; Goulianos, K.; Gresele, A.; Grinstein, S.; Grosso-Pilcher, C.; Group, R. C.; Grundler, U.; Guimaraes da Costa, J.; Gunay-Unalan, Z.; Haber, C.; Hahn, K.; Hahn, S. R.; Halkiadakis, E.; Han, B.-Y.; Han, J. Y.; Happacher, F.; Hara, K.; Hare, D.; Hare, M.; Harper, S.; Harr, R. F.; Harris, R. M.; Hartz, M.; Hatakeyama, K.; Hays, C.; Heck, M.; Heijboer, A.; Heinrich, J.; Henderson, C.; Herndon, M.; Heuser, J.; Hewamanage, S.; Hidas, D.; Hill, C. S.; Hirschbuehl, D.; Hocker, A.; Hou, S.; Houlden, M.; Hsu, S.-C.; Huffman, B. T.; Hughes, R. E.; Husemann, U.; Hussein, M.; Huston, J.; Incandela, J.; Introzzi, G.; Iori, M.; Ivanov, A.; James, E.; Jang, D.; Jayatilaka, B.; Jeon, E. J.; Jha, M. K.; Jindariani, S.; Johnson, W.; Jones, M.; Joo, K. K.; Jun, S. Y.; Jung, J. E.; Junk, T. R.; Kamon, T.; Kar, D.; Karchin, P. E.; Kato, Y.; Kephart, R.; Ketchum, W.; Keung, J.; Khotilovich, V.; Kilminster, B.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, H. S.; Kim, H. W.; Kim, J. E.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, S. B.; Kim, S. H.; Kim, Y. K.; Kimura, N.; Kirsch, L.; Klimenko, S.; Knuteson, B.; Ko, B. R.; Kondo, K.; Kong, D. J.; Konigsberg, J.; Korytov, A.; Kotwal, A. V.; Kreps, M.; Kroll, J.; Krop, D.; Krumnack, N.; Kruse, M.; Krutelyov, V.; Kubo, T.; Kuhr, T.; Kulkarni, N. P.; Kurata, M.; Kwang, S.; Laasanen, A. T.; Lami, S.; Lammel, S.; Lancaster, M.; Lander, R. L.; Lannon, K.; Lath, A.; Latino, G.; Lazzizzera, I.; Lecompte, T.; Lee, E.; Lee, H. S.; Lee, S. W.; Leone, S.; Lewis, J. D.; Lin, C.-S.; Linacre, J.; Lindgren, M.; Lipeles, E.; Lister, A.; Litvintsev, D. O.; Liu, C.; Liu, T.; Lockyer, N. S.; Loginov, A.; Loreti, M.; Lovas, L.; Lucchesi, D.; Luci, C.; Lueck, J.; Lujan, P.; Lukens, P.; Lungu, G.; Lyons, L.; Lys, J.; Lysak, R.; MacQueen, D.; Madrak, R.; Maeshima, K.; Makhoul, K.; Maki, T.; Maksimovic, P.; Malde, S.; Malik, S.; Manca, G.; Manousakis-Katsikakis, A.; Margaroli, F.; Marino, C.; Marino, C. P.; Martin, A.; Martin, V.; Martínez, M.; Martínez-Ballarín, R.; Maruyama, T.; Mastrandrea, P.; Masubuchi, T.; Mathis, M.; Mattson, M. E.; Mazzanti, P.; McFarland, K. S.; McIntyre, P.; McNulty, R.; Mehta, A.; Mehtala, P.; Menzione, A.; Merkel, P.; Mesropian, C.; Miao, T.; Miladinovic, N.; Miller, R.; Mills, C.; Milnik, M.; Mitra, A.; Mitselmakher, G.; Miyake, H.; Moggi, N.; Moon, C. S.; Moore, R.; Morello, M. J.; Morlock, J.; Movilla Fernandez, P.; Mülmenstädt, J.; Mukherjee, A.; Muller, Th.; Mumford, R.; Murat, P.; Mussini, M.; Nachtman, J.; Nagai, Y.; Nagano, A.; Naganoma, J.; Nakamura, K.; Nakano, I.; Napier, A.; Necula, V.; Nett, J.; Neu, C.; Neubauer, M. S.; Neubauer, S.; Nielsen, J.; Nodulman, L.; Norman, M.; Norniella, O.; Nurse, E.; Oakes, L.; Oh, S. H.; Oh, Y. D.; Oksuzian, I.; Okusawa, T.; Orava, R.; Osterberg, K.; Pagan Griso, S.; Palencia, E.; Papadimitriou, V.; Papaikonomou, A.; Paramonov, A. A.; Parks, B.; Pashapour, S.; Patrick, J.; Pauletta, G.; Paulini, M.; Paus, C.; Peiffer, T.; Pellett, D. E.; Penzo, T. A.; Phillips, J.; Piacentino, G.; Pianori, E.; Pinera, L.; Pitts, K.; Plager, C.; Pondrom, L.; Poukhov, O.; Pounder, N.; Prakoshyn, F.; Pronko, A.; Proudfoot, J.; Ptohos, F.; Pueschel, E.; Punzi, G.; Pursley, J.; Rademacker, J.; Rahaman, A.; Ramakrishnan, V.; Ranjan, N.; Redondo, I.; Renton, P.; Renz, M.; Rescigno, M.; Richter, S.; Rimondi, F.; Ristori, L.; Robson, A.; Rodrigo, T.; Rodriguez, T.; Rogers, E.; Rolli, S.; Roser, R.; Rossi, M.; Rossin, R.; Roy, P.; Ruiz, A.; Russ, J.; Rusu, V.; Rutherford, B.; Saarikko, H.; Safonov, A.; Sakumoto, W. K.; Saltó, O.; Santi, L.; Sarkar, S.; Sartori, L.; Sato, K.; Savoy-Navarro, A.; Schlabach, P.; Schmidt, A.; Schmidt, E. E.; Schmidt, M. A.; Schmidt, M. P.; Schmitt, M.; Schwarz, T.; Scodellaro, L.; Scribano, A.; Scuri, F.; Sedov, A.; Seidel, S.; Seiya, Y.; Semenov, A.; Sexton-Kennedy, L.; Sforza, F.; Sfyrla, A.; Shalhout, S. Z.; Shears, T.; Shepard, P. F.; Shimojima, M.; Shiraishi, S.; Shochet, M.; Shon, Y.; Shreyber, I.; Sinervo, P.; Sisakyan, A.; Slaughter, A. J.; Slaunwhite, J.; Sliwa, K.; Smith, J. R.; Snider, F. D.; Snihur, R.; Soha, A.; Somalwar, S.; Sorin, V.; Spreitzer, T.; Squillacioti, P.; Stanitzki, M.; St. Denis, R.; Stelzer, B.; Stelzer-Chilton, O.; Stentz, D.; Strologas, J.; Strycker, G. L.; Suh, J. S.; Sukhanov, A.; Suslov, I.; Suzuki, T.; Taffard, A.; Takashima, R.; Takeuchi, Y.; Tanaka, R.; Tecchio, M.; Teng, P. K.; Terashi, K.; Thom, J.; Thompson, A. S.; Thompson, G. A.; Thomson, E.; Tipton, P.; Ttito-Guzmán, P.; Tkaczyk, S.; Toback, D.; Tokar, S.; Tollefson, K.; Tomura, T.; Tonelli, D.; Torre, S.; Torretta, D.; Totaro, P.; Tourneur, S.; Trovato, M.; Tsai, S.-Y.; Tu, Y.; Turini, N.; Ukegawa, F.; Vallecorsa, S.; van Remortel, N.; Varganov, A.; Vataga, E.; Vázquez, F.; Velev, G.; Vellidis, C.; Vidal, M.; Vidal, R.; Vila, I.; Vilar, R.; Vine, T.; Vogel, M.; Volobouev, I.; Volpi, G.; Wagner, P.; Wagner, R. G.; Wagner, R. L.; Wagner, W.; Wagner-Kuhr, J.; Wakisaka, T.; Wallny, R.; Wang, S. M.; Warburton, A.; Waters, D.; Weinberger, M.; Weinelt, J.; Whitehouse, B.; Whiteson, D.; Wicklund, A. B.; Wicklund, E.; Wilbur, S.; Williams, G.; Williams, H. H.; Wilson, P.; Winer, B. L.; Wittich, P.; Wolbers, S.; Wolfe, C.; Wright, T.; Wu, X.; Würthwein, F.; Xie, S.; Yagil, A.; Yamamoto, K.; Yamaoka, J.; Yang, U. K.; Yang, Y. C.; Yao, W. M.; Yeh, G. P.; Yi, K.; Yoh, J.; Yorita, K.; Yoshida, T.; Yu, G. B.; Yu, I.; Yu, S. S.; Yun, J. C.; Zanello, L.; Zanetti, A.; Zhang, X.; Zheng, Y.; Zucchelli, S.

    2009-07-01

    We report a search for narrow resonances, produced in pbar{p} collisions at sqrt{s}=1.96 TeV, that decay into muon pairs with invariant mass between 6.3 and 9.0 GeV/ c 2. The data, collected with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider, correspond to an integrated luminosity of 630 pb-1. We use the dimuon invariant mass distribution to set 90% upper credible limits of about 1% to the ratio of the production cross section times muonic branching fraction of possible narrow resonances to that of the ϒ(1S) meson.

  13. Special problems and capabilities of high altitude lighter than air vehicles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wessel, P. R.; Petrone, F. J.

    1975-01-01

    Powered LTA vehicles have historically been limited to operations at low altitudes. Conditions exist which may enable a remotely piloted unit to be operated at an altitude near 70,000 feet. Such systems will be launched like high altitude balloons, operate like nonrigid airships, and have mission capabilities comparable to a low altitude stationary satellite. The limited lift available and the stratospheric environment impose special requirements on power systems, hull materials and payloads. Potential nonmilitary uses of the vehicle include communications relay, environmental monitoring and ship traffic control.

  14. The Lighter Side of Things: The Inevitable Convergence of the Internet of Things and Cybersecurity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Davis, Jerry

    2017-01-01

    By the year 2020 it is estimated that there will be more than 50 billion devices connected to the Internet. These devices not only include traditional electronics such as smartphones and other mobile compute devices, but also eEnabled technologies such as cars, airplanes and smartgrids. The IoT brings with it the promise of efficiency, greater remote management of industrial processes and further opens the doors to world of vehicle autonomy. However, IoT enabled technology will have to operate and contend in the contested domain of cyberspace. This discussion will touch on the impact that cybersecurity has on IoT and the people, processes and technology required to mitigate cyber risks.

  15. Lighter than air: A look at the past, a look at the possibilities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shea, W. F.

    1975-01-01

    A brief history of the flight by LTA including the development of the zeppelin is presented. Safety and economy are discussed along with power requirements and production techniques. The problem of ground handling facilities for very large airships are briefly mentioned.

  16. Recent Space PV Concentrator Advances: More Robust, Lighter, and Easier to Track

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    O'Neill, Mark; McDanal, A. J.; Brandhorst, Henry; Schmid, Kevin; LaCorte, Peter; Piszczor, Michael; Myers, Matt

    2015-01-01

    Over the past three years, the authors have collaborated on several significant advances in space photovoltaic concentrator technology, including a far more robust Fresnel lens for sunlight concentration, improved color-mixing features for the lens to minimize chromatic aberration losses for next-generation 4-junction and 6-junction IMM cells, a new approach to suntracking requiring only one axis of rotation even in the presence of large beta angles (e.g., +/- 50 deg), a new waste heat radiator made of graphene, with 80-90% reduction in mass, and a new platform for deployment and support on orbit (SOLAROSA). These patent-pending advances are described in this paper.

  17. "Fare from the Madding Crowd": The Lighter Side of Error in Student Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaughn, Gary; Wenner, Barbara

    1999-01-01

    Discusses two intriguing ways of explaining error in student writing--the work of Michel Foucault and the work of Roland Barthes. Describes in-class activities and essay assignments that use these perspectives to help students to reach improved understanding of error in writing. (SR)

  18. Lamp Lighters and Sidewalk Smoothers: How Individual Residents Contribute to the Maintenance of the Urban Commons.

    PubMed

    T O'Brien, Daniel

    2016-12-01

    Research on collective efficacy in urban neighborhoods has focused predominantly on whether a community can regulate local behavior and spaces and less on how they do so. This study pursues the latter question by examining the social regularities that create collective efficacy, measured as the behavioral composition of a neighborhood (i.e., the extent to which each individual contributes to a social regularity). This perspective is applied to the database of requests for non-emergency government services received by Boston, MA's 311 system in 2011 (>160,000 requests). The analysis categorized custodians who have used the system to combat physical disorder in the public space (e.g., requesting graffiti removal) into two groups-"typical custodians" who have made one or two requests in a year, and "exemplars" who have made three or more. A neighborhood's collective efficacy in reporting public issues was identified through audits of sidewalk quality and streetlight outages. Analyses revealed a collaborative model of maintenance in which typical and exemplar custodians were each necessary and non-substitutable. A second analysis found that the two types of custodian were associated with different contextual factors, articulating two different pathways from demographic and social characteristics to collective efficacy, suggesting implications for theory and practice.

  19. Cutting the fat: artificial muscle oscillators for lighter, cheaper, and slimmer devices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    O'Brien, Benjamin M.; Rosset, Samuel; Shea, Herbert R.; Anderson, Iain A.

    2012-04-01

    Artificial muscles based on dielectric elastomers show enormous promise for a wide range of applications and are slowly moving from the lab to industry. One problem for industrial uptake is the expensive, rigid, heavy and bulky high voltage driver, sensor and control circuitry that artificial muscle devices currently require. One recent development, the Dielectric Elastomer Switch(es) (DES), shows promise for substantially reducing auxiliary circuitry and helping to mature the technology. DES are piezoresistive elements that can be used to form logic, driver, and sensor circuitry. One particularly useful feature of DES is their ability to embed oscillatory behaviour directly into an artificial muscle device. In this paper we will focus on how DES oscillators can break down the barriers to industrial adoption for artificial muscle devices. We have developed an improved artificial muscle ring oscillator and applied it to form a mechanosensitive conveyor. The free running oscillator ran at 4.4 Hz for 1056 cycles before failing due to electrode degradation. With better materials artificial muscle oscillators could open the door to robots with increased power to weight ratios, simple-to-control peristaltic pumps, and commercially viable artificial muscle motors.

  20. Magnetic materials and devices for the 21st century: stronger, lighter, and more energy efficient.

    PubMed

    Gutfleisch, Oliver; Willard, Matthew A; Brück, Ekkes; Chen, Christina H; Sankar, S G; Liu, J Ping

    2011-02-15

    A new energy paradigm, consisting of greater reliance on renewable energy sources and increased concern for energy efficiency in the total energy lifecycle, has accelerated research into energy-related technologies. Due to their ubiquity, magnetic materials play an important role in improving the efficiency and performance of devices in electric power generation, conditioning, conversion, transportation, and other energy-use sectors of the economy. This review focuses on the state-of-the-art hard and soft magnets and magnetocaloric materials, with an emphasis on their optimization for energy applications. Specifically, the impact of hard magnets on electric motor and transportation technologies, of soft magnetic materials on electricity generation and conversion technologies, and of magnetocaloric materials for refrigeration technologies, are discussed. The synthesis, characterization, and property evaluation of the materials, with an emphasis on structure-property relationships, are discussed in the context of their respective markets, as well as their potential impact on energy efficiency. Finally, considering future bottlenecks in raw materials, options for the recycling of rare-earth intermetallics for hard magnets will be discussed.

  1. 33 CFR 156.230 - Factors considered in designating lightering zones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... SECURITY (CONTINUED) POLLUTION OIL AND HAZARDOUS MATERIAL TRANSFER OPERATIONS Special Requirements for...) Shipping lanes; (2) Vessel traffic schemes or vessel separation systems; (3) Anchorages; (4)...

  2. A MAG for the Twenty First Century: Lethal, Lighter, Energy Efficient, and Cheaper

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-14

    their training and career progression would be similarto that of a cunent WSO I ECMO with the additional focus that early in the beginning of their...In this study, logistics is substituted for leadership and education. Electronic Counter-Measures Officer ( ECMO ): NFO on the EA-6B Prowler

  3. Neutrinos secretly converting to lighter particles to please both KATRIN and the cosmos

    SciTech Connect

    Farzan, Yasaman; Hannestad, Steen E-mail: sth@phys.au.dk

    2016-02-01

    Within the framework of the Standard Model of particle physics and standard cosmology, observations of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) and Baryon Acoustic Oscillations (BAO) set stringent bounds on the sum of the masses of neutrinos. If these bounds are satisfied, the upcoming KATRIN experiment which is designed to probe neutrino mass down to ∼ 0.2 eV will observe only a null signal. We show that the bounds can be relaxed by introducing new interactions for the massive active neutrinos, making neutrino masses in the range observable by KATRIN compatible with cosmological bounds. Within this scenario, neutrinos convert to new stable light particles by resonant production of intermediate states around a temperature of T∼ keV in the early Universe, leading to a much less pronounced suppression of density fluctuations compared to the standard model.

  4. Fluid clathrate system for continuous removal of heavy noble gases from mixtures of lighter gases

    DOEpatents

    Gross, Kenneth C.; Markun, Francis; Zawadzki, Mary T.

    1998-01-01

    An apparatus and method for separation of heavy noble gas in a gas volume. An apparatus and method have been devised which includes a reservoir containing an oil exhibiting a clathrate effect for heavy noble gases with a reservoir input port and the reservoir is designed to enable the input gas volume to bubble through the oil with the heavy noble gas being absorbed by the oil exhibiting a clathrate effect. The gas having reduced amounts of heavy noble gas is output from the oil reservoir, and the oil having absorbed heavy noble gas can be treated by mechanical agitation and/or heating to desorb the heavy noble gas for analysis and/or containment and allow recycling of the oil to the reservoir.

  5. Fluid clathrate system for continuous removal of heavy noble gases from mixtures of lighter gases

    DOEpatents

    Gross, K.C.; Markun, F.; Zawadzki, M.T.

    1998-04-28

    An apparatus and method are disclosed for separation of heavy noble gas in a gas volume. An apparatus and method have been devised which includes a reservoir containing an oil exhibiting a clathrate effect for heavy noble gases with a reservoir input port and the reservoir is designed to enable the input gas volume to bubble through the oil with the heavy noble gas being absorbed by the oil exhibiting a clathrate effect. The gas having reduced amounts of heavy noble gas is output from the oil reservoir, and the oil having absorbed heavy noble gas can be treated by mechanical agitation and/or heating to desorb the heavy noble gas for analysis and/or containment and allow recycling of the oil to the reservoir. 6 figs.

  6. Lighter-Than-Air and Pressurized Structures Technology for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    Cuben Fiber is a form of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene ( UHMWPE ) and is produced by Cubic Tech Corp. While very light and very strong... UHMWPE -based fabrics require special techniques to form air-tight, if not helium-tight, seals. In addition, there are some proposed designs that may...length, the combined characteristics of weight and strength in UHMWPE -based fabrics are required to have high percentages of buoyancy. Cubic Tech

  7. Design of a Lighter Than Air Vehicle That Achieves Positive Buoyancy in Air Using a Vacuum

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-01

    membrane stretched over it was evaluated using v Finite Element Analysis with the frame modeled as clamped, cylindrical beam elements . A W/B=0.57 was...Optimization Sub-Routine: Finite Element Program ...........................................134 A.6 Optimization Sub-Routine: Datcreate (Datcreate.m...axial load on cylinder bearing load centripetal force force due to atmospheric pressure FEA Finite Element Analysis ft feet g

  8. Hydrothermal phase equilibria in Ln 2O 3-H 2O-CO 2 systems . I. The lighter lanthanides

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tareen, J. A. K.; Kutty, T. R. N.

    1980-10-01

    Phase diagrams for Nd 2O 3-H 2O-CO 2 and Gd 2O 3-H 2O-CO 2 systems at 1500 atm are given along with the results of selected runs in La, Sm and Eu systems. The stable phases in systems of La and Nd, are Ln(OH)CO 3-B, Ln 2O 2CO 3-II and LnOOH, in addition to the Ln(OH) 3 phase at extremely low partial pressures of CO 2 in the system. The systems become more and more complex with decreasing ionic radi and the number of stable carbonate phases increases. Ln 2(CO 3) 3 · 3H 2O orthorhombic (tengerate-like phase) is stable from Sm to Gd in addition to the other phases. The Gd(OH)CO 3-A (ancylite-like phase) is hydrothermally stable at XCO 2 ⩾ 0.5 while its hexagonal polymorph, Gd(OH)CO 3-B is stable at low partial pressures of CO 2 in the system.

  9. Assessment of Selected Lighter-Than-Air Vehicles for Mission Tasks of the U.S. Coast Guard

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-05-01

    FRANCISCO R- a) I" S0 I I 1 l il l 1 •I IV A 3l a a a V U WIND SPEEU CKT, 1-37 S...... ;..... . . .... ..... -.. ...... .- . . . . . . % • ... POINT...7l.) C .,ADDITIONAL CASES START HERE, I I TONuCCI ) t GAMMAxC(2) 3 V.ISWATuwC(3) I RI4OA!R~af(d. RHOWAT*GAM𔃾A/G S ,VOLWAT’TON/GAMMA . / SUSSPOmSfl

  10. Adsorption of the Lighter Homologs of Element 104 and Element 105 on DGA Resin from Various Mineral Acids

    SciTech Connect

    Bennett, M E; Sudowe, R

    2008-11-17

    The goal of studying transactinide elements is to further understand the fundamental principles that govern the periodic table. The current periodic table arrangement allows for the prediction of the chemical behavior of elements. The correct position of a transactinide element can be assessed by investigating its chemical behavior and comparing it to that of the homologs and pseudo-homologs of a transactinide element. Homologs of a transactinide element are the elements in the same group of the periodic table as the transactinide. A pseudo-homolog of a transactinide element is an element with a similar main oxidation state and similar ionic radius to the transactinide element. For example, the homologs of rutherfordium, Rf, are titanium, zirconium and hafnium (Ti, Zr and Hf); the pseudo homologs of Rf are thorium, Th, and plutonium, Pu. Understanding the chemical behavior of a transactinide element compared to its homologs and pseudo-homologs also allows for the assessment of the role of relativistic effects. Relativistic effects occur when the velocity of the s orbital electrons closest to the nucleus approaches the speed of light. These electrons approach the speed of light because they have no orbital momentum. This causes two effects, first there is in a decrease in Bohr radius of the inner electronic orbitals because of this there is an increase in particle mass. A contraction of outer s and p orbitals is also seen. The contraction of these orbitals results in an energy destabilization of the outer most shell, in the case of transactinides this would be the 5f and 6d orbitals. The outer most d shell and all f shells can also experience a radial expansion due to these orbitals being screened from the effective nuclear charge. Another relativistic effect is the 'spin-orbit splitting' for p, d and f orbitals into j = 1 {+-} 1/2 states. Where j is the total angular momentum vector and 1 is angular quantum number. All of these effects have the same order of magnitude and increase roughly according to Z. This feature is what makes studying the heavy elements so interesting because the chemical properties of transactinide elements should strongly exhibit these effects. For this work the terms heavy element and transactinide elements will be used interchangeably and are defined as elements with an atomic number greater than 103, Z > 103. In order to study the transactinide elements they must be isolated once they have been produced and transported to a chemistry apparatus. The transactinide elements are produced either via 'hot' or 'cold' fusion reactions. 'Hot' fusion reactions result in excitation energies of the compound nucleus of 40-50 MeV and occur when an actinide target nuclei fuse with a projectile with A < 40, where A is the atomic mass number. 'Cold' fusion results in excitation energies of 10-15 MeV. Cold fusion conditions tend to occur when a target of a spherical nuclei (Pb or Bi) is bombarded with a heavy projectile (A > 40). Hot fusion generally leads to neutron rich isotopes and cold fusion tends to produce a compound nucleus that emits 1-2 neutrons upon de-excitation. If a sufficiently thin target is employed, then the products of the nuclear reaction will recoil out of the target and can either be transported to the chemistry setup, e.g. using a gas jet, or trapped by implementing them on a catcher. An example for a catcher setup using a copper block as a catcher is described here. The copper block is placed behind the target during the irradiation and all nuclei recoiling from the target position will implant themselves in the block. The copper block is subsequently dismounted and sputter cleaned. It is then shaved with a micro-lathe. The 7-10 {micro}m copper shavings are then subjected to chemical separation. The copper is dissolved in aqua regia. Lanthanum carrier is added to the aqua regia to precipitate tri-, tetra- and penta- valent cations when ammonium hydroxide is added. The precipitate is then washed and converted to the nitrate form. This solution is then added onto a cation exchange column, the eluent is deposited and dried on a polypropylene film and then counted on solid state detectors. There are several challenges when studying the chemical behavior of transactinide elements. The first challenge is the low production rate of transactinides. Transactinides are produced on an atom-at-a-time basis, meaning that only one atom is ever available for chemical study. Because of this the chemical system being used must be selective for only one chemical state. The second challenge in transactinide chemistry is the short half-lives of the elements. Half-lives of the transactinides range from nanoseconds to a few hours. This leads to the need for fast chemistry. Another challenge is the need for a high degree of separation from interfering radionuclides so that the event with the transactinide element can be detected.

  11. Nonlinear Structural Analysis of an Icosahedron and its Application to Lighter than Air Vehicles under a Vacuum

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-27

    246 - 914 5 Nanocyl NC7000 Thin Multi-Wall CNT [56] 1650 0.2 1000.00 10.00 30.00 606 2813 5851 6 Beryllium S-200, Tubing 1844 0.18 303.00 0.40 0.8 299...Icosahedron Models Material Desired W/B Model Frame Skin Frame Skin rbeam t skin # Ele. 1 6 ( Beryllium ) 6 ( Beryllium ) 0.5 0.4 1.41E-03 1.05E-05 7020 2 10...Spectra) 10 (Spectra) 0.5 0.4 1.95E-03 2.00E-05 8600 3 5 (CNT) 5 (CNT) 0.5 0.4 1.49E-03 1.18E-05 7020 4 6 ( Beryllium ) 5 (CNT) 0.5 0.4 1.41E-03 1.18E

  12. Narratives of nostalgia in the face of death: The importance of lighter stories of the past in palliative care.

    PubMed

    Synnes, Oddgeir

    2015-08-01

    My research on the stories of palliative care patients emphasizes the heterogeneity of the types of stories they tell, including stories of illness, of everyday life, of the future, and of the past (Synnes, 2012). This article pays special attention to the prevalence of stories of past experiences in which the past is portrayed through idyllic and nostalgic interpretation. In contrast to most research on illness narratives and narrative gerontology that is preoccupied with stories of change, these stories of nostalgia are characterized by a plot where nothing in particular happens. However, this may be the primary purpose for the storytellers in their particular situation of illness and imminent death. The main purpose of nostalgia is precisely to ensure the continuity of identity in the face of adversity (Davis, 1979). In this article, I argue that these stories of nostalgia are vital aspects of maintaining the continuity of the self, or a narrative identity, when much else in life is characterized by discontinuity and uncertainty. Thus, stories of nostalgia should not be dismissed as escapism but valued and listened to as important aspects of narrative care among palliative care patients, and as a way of preserving the sense of a narrative identity.

  13. An Investigation of the Applicability of High Altitude, Lighter-Than-Air (LTA) Vehicles to the Tactical Communications Relay Problem

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1974-08-20

    are employed at relatively low altitudes , usually below 20, 000 ft (6. 1 kin). Although France recently flew a stratospheric tethered balloon at 55...the start those which do not appear suitable for the high-6 altitude , multi-mode communications application. 2.1 Tethered Balloon Systems The first...free balloon systemsp i and their applicability to the high altitude communications relay problem. 6. Corbin, C. D. (1974) Portable Tethered Balloon

  14. Flavor violating signatures of lighter and heavier Higgs bosons within the two Higgs doublet model type III at the LHeC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Das, S. P.; Hernández-Sánchez, J.; Moretti, S.; Rosado, A.; Xoxocotzi, R.

    2016-09-01

    We analyze the prospects for observing the light and heavy C P -even neutral Higgs bosons (ϕ =h and H ) in their decays into flavor violating b s ¯ channels (including charge conjugation) at the proposed Large Hadron electron Collider (LHeC), with √{s }≈1.3 TeV , in the framework of a 2-Higgs doublet model (2HDM) Type III, assuming a four-zero texture in the Yukawa matrices and a general Higgs potential. We consider theoretically consistent scenarios in agreement with current experimental data from flavor and Higgs physics. We investigate the charged current production process νeϕ q in presence of flavor violating decays of the Higgs bosons, that lead to a 3 -jets+ ET signature. We demand exactly two jets, one tagged b -jet and one light-flavor jet, all in the central rapidity region. The remaining jet (originated by the remnant quark q ) is tagged in the forward or backward regions and this together with a central jet veto (not more than one light-flavor jet) are essential criterions to enhance the signal-to-background rates. We consider the most relevant standard model (SM) backgrounds, treating c -jets separately from light-flavor and gluon ones, while allowing for mistagging. We find that the SM-like Higgs boson, h , would be accessible within several parameter configurations of our model at approximately the 1 -2 σ level with 100 fb-1 of data. We also find that the heaviest neutral Higgs boson, H , with mass up to 150 GeV, would have a 1 σ significance for the same data sample. At the end of the LHeC running, one would have ten times data accumulation and for all the Higgs masses the significances are enhanced so as to allow for detection of both the h and H state. Hence, one of the most viable extensions of 2HDMs with flavor changing neutral currents (FCNCs) generated at tree level but controlled by a four-zero texture approach in the Yukawa matrices, as opposed to the adoption of ad hoc discrete symmetries, could be put under scrutiny at a future e p machine.

  15. Identification of Gas Components in Lighter by Gas Chromatography: An Experiment of the Undergraduate Instrumental Analysis Laboratory Which Can Be Used with Distance Learning Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yavuz, Soner; Morgil, Inci

    2006-01-01

    In the applications of instrumental analysis lessons, advanced instruments with the needed experiments are needed. During the lessons it is a fact that the more experiments are performed, the more learning will be. For this reason, experiments that do not last long and should be performed with more simple instruments and that increase students"…

  16. Development of a home-made extraction device for vortex-assisted surfactant-enhanced-emulsification liquid-liquid microextraction with lighter than water organic solvents.

    PubMed

    Yang, Zhong-Hua; Wang, Peng; Zhao, Wen-ting; Zhou, Zhi-Qiang; Liu, Dong-Hui

    2013-07-26

    We have developed a novel vortex-assisted surfactant-enhanced-emulsification liquid-liquid microextraction using the low density solvent for the determination of eight organophosphorus pesticides (OPPs) in water samples. The key point of this method is the application of a special home-made extraction device. The influence parameters relevant to this method were systemically investigated and the optimum conditions were as follow: 35μL of toluene was used as extraction solvent and 0.2mmol L-1 Triton X-100 was chosen as the surfactant to enhance the emulsification. Under the optimum experimental conditions, the limit of detections (LODs) of the method was ranged between 0.01 and 0.05μgL(-1) and the relative standard deviations (RSDs) were 2.9-8.1%. The calibration curve was linear in the range of 0.1-50.0μgL(-1), with the correlation coefficients (r) varying from 0.9949 to 0.9991. Finally, the developed method has been successfully applied to the determination of eight organophosphorus pesticides in river, reservoir and well water samples with recoveries between 82.1% and 98.7%.

  17. Material discrimination using scattering and stopping of cosmic ray muons and electrons: Differentiating heavier from lighter metals as well as low-atomic weight materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blanpied, Gary; Kumar, Sankaran; Dorroh, Dustin; Morgan, Craig; Blanpied, Isabelle; Sossong, Michael; McKenney, Shawn; Nelson, Beth

    2015-06-01

    Reported is a new method to apply cosmic-ray tomography in a manner that can detect and characterize not only dense assemblages of heavy nuclei (like Special Nuclear Materials, SNM) but also assemblages of medium- and light-atomic-mass materials (such as metal parts, conventional explosives, and organic materials). Characterization may enable discrimination between permitted contents in commerce and contraband (explosives, illegal drugs, and the like). Our Multi-Mode Passive Detection System (MMPDS) relies primarily on the muon component of cosmic rays to interrogate Volumes of Interest (VOI). Muons, highly energetic and massive, pass essentially un-scattered through materials of light atomic mass and are only weakly scattered by conventional metals used in industry. Substantial scattering and absorption only occur when muons encounter sufficient thicknesses of heavy elements characteristic of lead and SNM. Electrons are appreciably scattered by light elements and stopped by sufficient thicknesses of materials containing medium-atomic-mass elements (mostly metals). Data include simulations based upon GEANT and measurements in the HMT (Half Muon Tracker) detector in Poway, CA and a package scanner in both Poway and Socorro NM. A key aspect of the present work is development of a useful parameter, designated the "stopping power" of a sample. The low-density regime, comprising organic materials up to aluminum, is characterized using very little scattering but a strong variation in stopping power. The medium-to-high density regime shows a larger variation in scattering than in stopping power. The detection of emitted gamma rays is another useful signature of some materials.

  18. Environmental Assessment for Demolition of Lighter Than Air (LTA) Buildings 868, 869, 948 and 949 at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-04-01

    standard military design plans (Peyton and Freeman 2004). As noted in Section 1.3, these houses would require extensive renovations, and none of the...are among the few remaining military housing units representative of the period. As a group, the four houses constitute one third of the remaining...methodology used for military airfields. NOISEMAP uses the following data to develop noise contours: aircraft types, runway utilization patterns

  19. Air Vehicle Integrated and Technology Research (AVIATR). Task Order 0027: Lighter Than Air (LTA) and Hybrid Aircraft Concept Assessment Tool Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    Hybrid Aircraft Concept Assessment Tool Development 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER FA8650-08-D-3857-0027 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER...between ease of use and fidelity. They are also due to the finite duration and resources of the tool’s development. Estimation of airship...release; distribution unlimited. most likely a flawed design. An example of this is a very long thin airship with a large concentrated payload

  20. Environmental Assessment for Housing Demolition, Construction, Renovation, and Leasing Bethel Manor, Lighter-Than-Air, and Heavier-Than-Air Military Family Housing Areas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-08-01

    and belonging with the home, street, and neighborhood for each family, and to make housing areas attractive and a source of pride. The life cycle...heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems. New foundations would have soil treated for termites in accordance with state law. The...treated for termites in accordance with state law. The discussions in Subchapter 2.5.1 for pesticides and LBP in the soil would apply to construction

  1. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol esterification and transfer rates to lighter density lipoproteins mediated by cholesteryl ester transfer protein in the fasting and postprandial periods are not altered in type 1 diabetes mellitus.

    PubMed

    Medina; Nunes; Carrilho; Shimabukuru; Lottenberg; Lottenberg; McPherson; Krauss; Quintão

    2000-10-01

    Background: Diabetes mellitus is associated with atherosclerosis that has, in part, been ascribed to abnormalities in the reverse cholesterol transport system. Methods: We determined, in the fasting and post-alimentary periods, rates of HDL cholesterol esterification and transfer to apoB-containing lipoproteins, cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) concentration, and apoB lipoprotein size in 10 type 1 diabetics and 10 well-matched controls. Autologous HDL was labeled with [14C]cholesterol and incubated at 37 degrees C during a period of 30 min for measurement of the cholesterol esterification rate (CER), as well as for 24 h for measurement of the endogenous HDL [14C]cholesteryl ester ([14C]CE) transfer rate to apoB-containing lipoproteins after 2- and 4-h incubations with the subject's own plasma. Exogenous cholesteryl ester transfer activity (CETA) was estimated by incubation of the participant's plasma (CETP source) with [14C]CE-HDL and VLDL from a pool of plasma donors. ApoB lipoprotein size was determined using non-denaturing polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis of whole plasma. Results: Contrary to previous studies, we showed that even not well-controlled type 1 diabetics did not differ from lipid-matched, non-diabetic subjects in HDL-[14C]cholesterol esterification rate, transfer rates, or CETP concentration. CETP concentration correlates with the exogenous method of [14C]CE transfer and with the endogenous method only when the latter is corrected for plasma triacylglycerol (TG) concentration. In addition, during the postprandial phase, diabetic patients' VLDL are smaller and IDL size increases less than in controls. Conclusion: In type 1 diabetes mellitus, CETA is not altered when the plasma levels of donor and/or acceptor lipoproteins are within the normal range.

  2. 33 CFR 156.210 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... entry into force of Annex II to MARPOL 73/78, vessels lightering hazardous materials shall carry an... conducting lightering operations in a designated lightering zone, an officer or seaman may not work,...

  3. 16 CFR 1210.20 - Stockpiling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Stockpiling § 1210.20 Stockpiling. (a) Definition. Stockpiling means to... cigarette lighters shall not manufacture or import lighters that do not comply with the requirements of...

  4. 16 CFR 1210.20 - Stockpiling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Stockpiling § 1210.20 Stockpiling. (a) Definition. Stockpiling means to... cigarette lighters shall not manufacture or import lighters that do not comply with the requirements of...

  5. 16 CFR 1210.20 - Stockpiling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Stockpiling § 1210.20 Stockpiling. (a) Definition. Stockpiling means to... cigarette lighters shall not manufacture or import lighters that do not comply with the requirements of...

  6. 16 CFR 1210.20 - Stockpiling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Stockpiling § 1210.20 Stockpiling. (a) Definition. Stockpiling means to... cigarette lighters shall not manufacture or import lighters that do not comply with the requirements of...

  7. 33 CFR 156.205 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... OIL AND HAZARDOUS MATERIAL TRANSFER OPERATIONS Special Requirements for Lightering of Oil and... and subpart C: Lightering or Lightering operation means the transfer of a cargo of oil or a hazardous... oil or a hazardous material from another vessel in a lightering operation. Vessel to be...

  8. 16 CFR 1212.15 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... manufacturer or importer shall ensure that the surrogate multi-purpose lighters used for qualification testing... surrogate multi-purpose lighters be used for testing each 100-child panel.) (b) Contents of...

  9. 16 CFR 1212.13 - Certification tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... include: (A) Qualification tests, which must be performed on surrogates of each model of multi-purpose...-purpose lighter or multi-purpose lighter surrogate may be performed by a commercial testing laboratory...

  10. 16 CFR 1210.15 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... importer shall ensure that the surrogate lighters used for qualification testing under § 1210.14 are described in a written product specification. (Section 1210.4(c) requires that six surrogate lighters...

  11. 16 CFR 1212.15 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... manufacturer or importer shall ensure that the surrogate multi-purpose lighters used for qualification testing... surrogate multi-purpose lighters be used for testing each 100-child panel.) (b) Contents of...

  12. 16 CFR 1212.15 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... manufacturer or importer shall ensure that the surrogate multi-purpose lighters used for qualification testing... surrogate multi-purpose lighters be used for testing each 100-child panel.) (b) Contents of...

  13. 16 CFR 1210.15 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... importer shall ensure that the surrogate lighters used for qualification testing under § 1210.14 are described in a written product specification. (Section 1210.4(c) requires that six surrogate lighters...

  14. 16 CFR 1212.13 - Certification tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... include: (A) Qualification tests, which must be performed on surrogates of each model of multi-purpose...-purpose lighter or multi-purpose lighter surrogate may be performed by a commercial testing laboratory...

  15. 16 CFR 1210.15 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... importer shall ensure that the surrogate lighters used for qualification testing under § 1210.14 are described in a written product specification. (Section 1210.4(c) requires that six surrogate lighters...

  16. 16 CFR 1212.13 - Certification tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... include: (A) Qualification tests, which must be performed on surrogates of each model of multi-purpose...-purpose lighter or multi-purpose lighter surrogate may be performed by a commercial testing laboratory...

  17. 16 CFR 1210.15 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... importer shall ensure that the surrogate lighters used for qualification testing under § 1210.14 are described in a written product specification. (Section 1210.4(c) requires that six surrogate lighters...

  18. 16 CFR 1212.15 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... manufacturer or importer shall ensure that the surrogate multi-purpose lighters used for qualification testing... surrogate multi-purpose lighters be used for testing each 100-child panel.) (b) Contents of...

  19. 16 CFR 1212.15 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... manufacturer or importer shall ensure that the surrogate multi-purpose lighters used for qualification testing... surrogate multi-purpose lighters be used for testing each 100-child panel.) (b) Contents of...

  20. 16 CFR 1210.15 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... importer shall ensure that the surrogate lighters used for qualification testing under § 1210.14 are described in a written product specification. (Section 1210.4(c) requires that six surrogate lighters...

  1. 16 CFR 1212.13 - Certification tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... include: (A) Qualification tests, which must be performed on surrogates of each model of multi-purpose...-purpose lighter or multi-purpose lighter surrogate may be performed by a commercial testing laboratory...

  2. 16 CFR 1210.12 - Certificate of compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Certification Requirements § 1210.12 Certificate of compliance. (a... Product Safety Standard for Cigarette Lighters (16 CFR 1210),” (2) The name and address of...

  3. 16 CFR 1210.11 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Certification Requirements § 1210.11 General. Section 14(a) of the Consumer Product... certify that their products comply with the Safety Standard for Cigarette Lighters. This subpart...

  4. 16 CFR 1210.11 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Certification Requirements § 1210.11 General. Section 14(a) of the Consumer Product... certify that their products comply with the Safety Standard for Cigarette Lighters. This subpart...

  5. 16 CFR 1210.12 - Certificate of compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Certification Requirements § 1210.12 Certificate of compliance. (a... Product Safety Standard for Cigarette Lighters (16 CFR 1210),” (2) The name and address of...

  6. 33 CFR 156.200 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) POLLUTION OIL AND HAZARDOUS MATERIAL TRANSFER OPERATIONS Special Requirements for Lightering of Oil and... from which the territorial sea is measured when the oil or hazardous material lightered is destined...

  7. 75 FR 63717 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Pennsylvania; Amendment to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-18

    ... dilution, (3) sell-through of products, (4) aerosols adhesives, (5) charcoal lighter materials, and (6.../11/08 October 18, 2010 charcoal lighter [Insert page number materials. where the document...

  8. 14 CFR 61.11 - Expired pilot certificates and re-issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... with a lighter-than-air or free-balloon rating issued before July 1, 1945. (c) An airline transport... pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air or free-balloon rating that was issued after June 30,...

  9. 14 CFR 61.11 - Expired pilot certificates and re-issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... with a lighter-than-air or free-balloon rating issued before July 1, 1945. (c) An airline transport... pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air or free-balloon rating that was issued after June 30,...

  10. 14 CFR 61.11 - Expired pilot certificates and re-issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... with a lighter-than-air or free-balloon rating issued before July 1, 1945. (c) An airline transport... pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air or free-balloon rating that was issued after June 30,...

  11. 14 CFR 61.11 - Expired pilot certificates and re-issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... with a lighter-than-air or free-balloon rating issued before July 1, 1945. (c) An airline transport... pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air or free-balloon rating that was issued after June 30,...

  12. 14 CFR 61.11 - Expired pilot certificates and re-issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... with a lighter-than-air or free-balloon rating issued before July 1, 1945. (c) An airline transport... pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air or free-balloon rating that was issued after June 30,...

  13. 16 CFR 1210.12 - Certificate of compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Certification Requirements § 1210.12 Certificate of compliance. (a... Product Safety Standard for Cigarette Lighters (16 CFR 1210),” (2) The name and address of...

  14. 16 CFR 1210.11 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Certification Requirements § 1210.11 General. Section 14(a) of the Consumer Product... certify that their products comply with the Safety Standard for Cigarette Lighters. This subpart...

  15. 75 FR 27731 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Safety Standard...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-18

    ...; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Safety Standard for Multi-Purpose Lighters AGENCY: Consumer Product... approval of a collection of information from manufacturers and importers of multi-purpose lighters. DATES... Collection of Information--Multi-Purpose Lighters'' and e-mailed to the Office of the Secretary at...

  16. 16 CFR 1212.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... signal of any duration from a surrogate multi-purpose lighter within either of the two 5-minute test periods specified in § 1212.4(f). (c)(1) Surrogate multi-purpose lighter means a device that (i... clearly discernible when the surrogate multi-purpose lighter is activated in each manner that...

  17. 16 CFR 1212.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... signal of any duration from a surrogate multi-purpose lighter within either of the two 5-minute test periods specified in § 1212.4(f). (c)(1) Surrogate multi-purpose lighter means a device that (i... clearly discernible when the surrogate multi-purpose lighter is activated in each manner that...

  18. 16 CFR 1212.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... signal of any duration from a surrogate multi-purpose lighter within either of the two 5-minute test periods specified in § 1212.4(f). (c)(1) Surrogate multi-purpose lighter means a device that (i... clearly discernible when the surrogate multi-purpose lighter is activated in each manner that...

  19. 16 CFR 1210.4 - Test protocol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... panel of children to test a surrogate lighter representing the production lighter intended for use... illness, injury, or handicap that would interfere with the child's ability to operate the surrogate... surrogate lighters. Extra children whose results will not be counted in the test may be used if necessary...

  20. 16 CFR 1210.4 - Test protocol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... panel of children to test a surrogate lighter representing the production lighter intended for use... illness, injury, or handicap that would interfere with the child's ability to operate the surrogate... surrogate lighters. Extra children whose results will not be counted in the test may be used if necessary...

  1. 16 CFR 1210.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... liquid fuel. (e) Successful operation means one signal of any duration from a surrogate lighter within either of the two 5-minute test periods specified in § 1210.4(f). (f) Surrogate lighter means a device... surrogate lighter is activated in each manner that would normally produce a flame in a production...

  2. 16 CFR 1210.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... liquid fuel. (e) Successful operation means one signal of any duration from a surrogate lighter within either of the two 5-minute test periods specified in § 1210.4(f). (f) Surrogate lighter means a device... surrogate lighter is activated in each manner that would normally produce a flame in a production...

  3. 16 CFR 1210.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... liquid fuel. (e) Successful operation means one signal of any duration from a surrogate lighter within either of the two 5-minute test periods specified in § 1210.4(f). (f) Surrogate lighter means a device... surrogate lighter is activated in each manner that would normally produce a flame in a production...

  4. 78 FR 2662 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request: Safety Standard for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-14

    ... Cigarette Lighters AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: As required by the... information from manufacturers and importers of disposable and novelty cigarette lighters. This collection of... Safety Standard for Cigarette Lighters (16 CFR part 1210). The Commission will consider all...

  5. 40 CFR 59.203 - Standards for consumer products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) through (d)(4) of this section apply to charcoal lighter materials. (1) No person shall manufacture or import any charcoal lighter material after December 10, 1998 that emits, on average, greater than 9 grams... a charcoal lighter material shall label the product with usage directions that specify the...

  6. 40 CFR 59.203 - Standards for consumer products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) through (d)(4) of this section apply to charcoal lighter materials. (1) No person shall manufacture or import any charcoal lighter material after December 10, 1998 that emits, on average, greater than 9 grams... a charcoal lighter material shall label the product with usage directions that specify the...

  7. 40 CFR 59.203 - Standards for consumer products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) through (d)(4) of this section apply to charcoal lighter materials. (1) No person shall manufacture or import any charcoal lighter material after December 10, 1998 that emits, on average, greater than 9 grams... a charcoal lighter material shall label the product with usage directions that specify the...

  8. 40 CFR 59.203 - Standards for consumer products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) through (d)(4) of this section apply to charcoal lighter materials. (1) No person shall manufacture or import any charcoal lighter material after December 10, 1998 that emits, on average, greater than 9 grams... a charcoal lighter material shall label the product with usage directions that specify the...

  9. 40 CFR 59.203 - Standards for consumer products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) through (d)(4) of this section apply to charcoal lighter materials. (1) No person shall manufacture or import any charcoal lighter material after December 10, 1998 that emits, on average, greater than 9 grams... a charcoal lighter material shall label the product with usage directions that specify the...

  10. 14 CFR Appendix D to Part 141 - Commercial Pilot Certification Course

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...-lift. (f) Glider. (g) Lighter-than-air airship. (h) Lighter-than-air balloon. 2. Eligibility for... rating. (2) 65 hours of training if the course is for a lighter-than-air category with an airship class...-lift rating. (2) 155 hours of training if the course is for an airship rating. (3) 115 hours...

  11. 14 CFR Appendix D to Part 141 - Commercial Pilot Certification Course

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...-lift. (f) Glider. (g) Lighter-than-air airship. (h) Lighter-than-air balloon. 2. Eligibility for... rating. (2) 65 hours of training if the course is for a lighter-than-air category with an airship class...-lift rating. (2) 155 hours of training if the course is for an airship rating. (3) 115 hours...

  12. Special conditions for the hydrogenation of heavy hydrocarbons

    SciTech Connect

    Schliebener, C.; Wernicke, H.J.

    1982-04-13

    A procedure is claimed for thermally cracking heavy liquid hydrocarbons to produce gaseous olefins comprising a catalytic hydrogenating pretreatment; a separation of the hydrogenation product into a lighter fraction and a heavier fraction; passing the heavier fraction at least in part to a thermal cracking step to produce normally gaseous olefins; and withdrawing the lighter fraction, whereby said lighter fraction has a higher octane number.

  13. Lightweight Materials for Vehicles: Needs, Goals, and Future Technologies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-08-01

    room temperature ductility may be insufficient - Elevated temperature processes are not developed . . . USW and FSW of Mg to Steel PNNL...eere.energy.gov Example Component Lightweighting - Mg engine cradle for Corvette Z06 - 60% lighter than steel , 35% lighter than Al - Single piece Mg...casting vs. 28 piece steel assembly - AHSS rear cradle for RWD vehicles - 28% lighter than conventional design, no loss of stiffness - Cost neutral

  14. Diffusion method of seperating gaseous mixtures

    DOEpatents

    Pontius, Rex B.

    1976-01-01

    A method of effecting a relatively large change in the relative concentrations of the components of a gaseous mixture by diffusion which comprises separating the mixture into heavier and lighter portions according to major fraction mass recycle procedure, further separating the heavier portions into still heavier subportions according to a major fraction mass recycle procedure, and further separating the lighter portions into still lighter subportions according to a major fraction equilibrium recycle procedure.

  15. Colloidal Brazil-nut effect in sediments of binary charged suspensions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Esztermann, A.; Löwen, H.

    2004-10-01

    Equilibrium sedimentation density profiles of charged binary colloidal suspensions are calculated by computer simulations and density-functional theory. For deionized samples, we predict a colloidal "Brazil nut" effect: heavy colloidal particles sediment on top of the lighter ones provided that their mass per charge is smaller than that of the lighter ones. This effect is verifiable in settling experiments.

  16. Growth of the rock bass, Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque), in five lakes of northeastern Wisconsin

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hile, Ralph

    1942-01-01

    Rock bass of corresponding length from Allequash, Silver, and Trout Lakes were so nearly of the same weight that one curve described the length-weight relationship of the three stocks. Muskellunge Lake rock bass were considerably lighter than fish of the same length from these three lakes, and Nebish Lake rock bass were somewhat lighter than those from Muskellunge Lake.

  17. Establishing Fire Safety Skills Using Behavioral Skills Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houvouras, Andrew J., IV; Harvey, Mark T.

    2014-01-01

    The use of behavioral skills training (BST) to educate 3 adolescent boys on the risks of lighters and fire setting was evaluated using in situ assessment in a school setting. Two participants had a history of fire setting. After training, all participants adhered to established rules: (a) avoid a deactivated lighter, (b) leave the training area,…

  18. 16 CFR Appendix A to Part 1212 - Findings Under the Consumer Product Safety Act

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... and surrogate lighters for preliminary child panel testing; • Retooling and other production equipment... surrogate lighters; conducting child panel tests; and issuing and maintaining records for each model. The largest component of these costs is believed to be building surrogates and conducting child panel...

  19. 16 CFR 1210.17 - Recordkeeping and reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... demonstration, the dates of the tests, the data required by § 1210.4(d), the actual surrogate lighters tested... surrogates, and the other information required in this subsection for qualifications tests, shall be kept in..., including a description of the surrogate lighters tested, the specification of the surrogate...

  20. 16 CFR 1210.17 - Recordkeeping and reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... demonstration, the dates of the tests, the data required by § 1210.4(d), the actual surrogate lighters tested... surrogates, and the other information required in this subsection for qualifications tests, shall be kept in..., including a description of the surrogate lighters tested, the specification of the surrogate...

  1. 16 CFR 1210.17 - Recordkeeping and reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... demonstration, the dates of the tests, the data required by § 1210.4(d), the actual surrogate lighters tested... surrogates, and the other information required in this subsection for qualifications tests, shall be kept in..., including a description of the surrogate lighters tested, the specification of the surrogate...

  2. 16 CFR 1212.4 - Test protocol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... by children uses a panel of children to test a surrogate multi-purpose lighter representing the... handicap that would interfere with the child's ability to operate the surrogate multi-purpose lighter shall participate. (6) Two children at a time shall participate in testing of surrogate multi-purpose...

  3. 16 CFR 1210.17 - Recordkeeping and reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... demonstration, the dates of the tests, the data required by § 1210.4(d), the actual surrogate lighters tested... surrogates, and the other information required in this subsection for qualifications tests, shall be kept in..., including a description of the surrogate lighters tested, the specification of the surrogate...

  4. 16 CFR 1210.17 - Recordkeeping and reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... demonstration, the dates of the tests, the data required by § 1210.4(d), the actual surrogate lighters tested... surrogates, and the other information required in this subsection for qualifications tests, shall be kept in..., including a description of the surrogate lighters tested, the specification of the surrogate...

  5. 16 CFR 1212.4 - Test protocol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... by children uses a panel of children to test a surrogate multi-purpose lighter representing the... handicap that would interfere with the child's ability to operate the surrogate multi-purpose lighter shall participate. (6) Two children at a time shall participate in testing of surrogate multi-purpose...

  6. 16 CFR 1210.4 - Test protocol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Test protocol. 1210.4 Section 1210.4... STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child Resistance § 1210.4 Test protocol. (a) Child test panel. (1) The test to determine if a lighter is resistant to successful operation by children uses...

  7. 16 CFR 1212.4 - Test protocol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Test protocol. 1212.4 Section 1212.4... STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance § 1212.4 Test protocol. (a) Child test panel. (1) The test to determine if a multi-purpose lighter is resistant to successful...

  8. 16 CFR Appendix A to Part 1212 - Findings Under the Consumer Product Safety Act

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... for igniting cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, whether or not such devices are subject to the requirements of the Safety Standard for Cigarette Lighters (16 CFR part 1210); devices that contain more than... substitute products, such as matches. However, as with child-resistant cigarette lighters, the...

  9. 16 CFR Appendix A to Part 1212 - Findings Under the Consumer Product Safety Act

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... for igniting cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, whether or not such devices are subject to the requirements of the Safety Standard for Cigarette Lighters (16 CFR part 1210); devices that contain more than... substitute products, such as matches. However, as with child-resistant cigarette lighters, the...

  10. 46 CFR 39.40-5 - Operational requirements for vapor balancing-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Operational requirements for vapor balancing-TB/ALL. 39... SYSTEMS Lightering and Topping-Off Operations with Vapor Balancing § 39.40-5 Operational requirements for vapor balancing—TB/ALL. (a) During a lightering or topping-off operation each cargo tank being...

  11. 46 CFR 39.40-5 - Operational requirements for vapor balancing-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Operational requirements for vapor balancing-TB/ALL. 39... SYSTEMS Lightering and Topping-Off Operations with Vapor Balancing § 39.40-5 Operational requirements for vapor balancing—TB/ALL. (a) During a lightering or topping-off operation each cargo tank being...

  12. 46 CFR 39.40-5 - Operational requirements for vapor balancing-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Operational requirements for vapor balancing-TB/ALL. 39... SYSTEMS Lightering and Topping-Off Operations with Vapor Balancing § 39.40-5 Operational requirements for vapor balancing—TB/ALL. (a) During a lightering or topping-off operation each cargo tank being...

  13. 16 CFR 1210.11 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Certification Requirements § 1210.11 General. Section 14(a) of the Consumer Product... certify that their products comply with the Safety Standard for Cigarette Lighters. This subpart B..., recordkeeping, and reporting pursuant to sections 14, 16(b), 17(g), and 27(e) of the CPSA, 15 U.S.C. 2063,...

  14. 16 CFR 1212.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance § 1212.2 Definitions. As used in this... child resistance (including operation and the force(s) required for operation), within reasonable... resistance. Lighter characteristics that may affect child resistance include, but are not limited to,...

  15. 16 CFR 1210.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child Resistance § 1210.2 Definitions. As used in this... that affect child resistance (including operation and the force(s) required for operation), within... child-resistance. Lighter characteristics that may affect child-resistance include, but are not...

  16. 16 CFR 1210.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child Resistance § 1210.2 Definitions. As used in this... that affect child resistance (including operation and the force(s) required for operation), within... child-resistance. Lighter characteristics that may affect child-resistance include, but are not...

  17. 16 CFR 1212.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance § 1212.2 Definitions. As used in this... child resistance (including operation and the force(s) required for operation), within reasonable... resistance. Lighter characteristics that may affect child resistance include, but are not limited to,...

  18. 33 CFR 156.215 - Pre-arrival notices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) POLLUTION OIL AND HAZARDOUS MATERIAL TRANSFER OPERATIONS Special Requirements for Lightering of Oil and Hazardous Material Cargoes § 156.215 Pre-arrival notices. (a) The master, owner or agent of each vessel to be lightered must give at least 24 hours advance notice to the Captain of the Port nearest...

  19. 46 CFR 525.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... place on the terminal and railroad cars, trucks, lighters or barges or any other means of conveyance to... structures, landings, and receiving stations, used for the transmission, care and convenience of cargo and/or..., when it performs its own car, lighter or truck loading or unloading, or the use of said facilities...

  20. 33 CFR 155.5035 - Nontank vessel response plan requirements: Specific content.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...; (vi) Protective equipment; (vii) Threats to health and safety; (viii) Containment and other response... equipment; (C) Portable pumps and ancillary equipment; (D) Lightering or fuel removal and mooring masters... to a separate fuel oil transfer procedure and lightering plan carried onboard the vessel, if...

  1. 14 CFR 61.5 - Certificates and ratings issued under this part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...) Lighter-than-air class ratings— (i) Airship. (ii) Balloon. (5) Weight-shift-control aircraft class ratings... class ratings— (i) Powered parachute land. (ii) Powered parachute sea. (7) Aircraft type ratings— (i) Large aircraft other than lighter-than-air. (ii) Turbojet-powered airplanes. (iii) Other aircraft...

  2. 14 CFR 61.5 - Certificates and ratings issued under this part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...) Lighter-than-air class ratings— (i) Airship. (ii) Balloon. (5) Weight-shift-control aircraft class ratings... class ratings— (i) Powered parachute land. (ii) Powered parachute sea. (7) Aircraft type ratings— (i) Large aircraft other than lighter-than-air. (ii) Turbojet-powered airplanes. (iii) Other aircraft...

  3. 14 CFR 61.5 - Certificates and ratings issued under this part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...) Lighter-than-air class ratings— (i) Airship. (ii) Balloon. (5) Weight-shift-control aircraft class ratings... class ratings— (i) Powered parachute land. (ii) Powered parachute sea. (7) Aircraft type ratings— (i) Large aircraft other than lighter-than-air. (ii) Turbojet-powered airplanes. (iii) Other aircraft...

  4. 14 CFR 61.5 - Certificates and ratings issued under this part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...) Lighter-than-air class ratings— (i) Airship. (ii) Balloon. (5) Weight-shift-control aircraft class ratings... class ratings— (i) Powered parachute land. (ii) Powered parachute sea. (7) Aircraft type ratings— (i) Large aircraft other than lighter-than-air. (ii) Turbojet-powered airplanes. (iii) Other aircraft...

  5. 14 CFR 61.5 - Certificates and ratings issued under this part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...) Lighter-than-air class ratings— (i) Airship. (ii) Balloon. (5) Weight-shift-control aircraft class ratings... class ratings— (i) Powered parachute land. (ii) Powered parachute sea. (7) Aircraft type ratings— (i) Large aircraft other than lighter-than-air. (ii) Turbojet-powered airplanes. (iii) Other aircraft...

  6. Flux pinning enhancement in melt processed YBa2Cu3O7 - delta through rare-earth ion (Nd, La) substitutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Varanasi, Chakrapani; McGinn, Paul J.; Blackstead, Howard A.; Pulling, David B.

    1995-08-01

    Stoichiometric YBa2Cu3O7-δ (Y123) samples doped with excess Nd2O3 and La2O3 additions were melt processed in air. Because decomposition and reformation of 123 occurs during melt processing, lighter rare-earth ion substitution in 123 takes place. As the lighter rare-earth ion sizes (Nd, La) are comparable to that of Ba2+, in addition to Y ion site substitution, partial substitution into the Ba2+ sites is also anticipated. The Tc and magnetic properties of lighter rare-earth oxide doped samples were analyzed and compared with undoped Y123 to investigate the flux pinning enhancement due to these substitutions. The lighter rare-earth oxide doped, melt processed 123 shows significant improvement in magnetization compared to undoped samples, which is likely due to point defects created by partial substitutions of the lighter rare-earth ions.

  7. Single-bubble sonoluminescence from noble gases.

    PubMed

    Yasui, K

    2001-03-01

    Single-bubble sonoluminescence (SBSL) from noble gases in water is studied theoretically in order to clarify the reason of the distinguished feature that the luminescence is strong for all noble gases, while the other systems of cavitation luminescence are greatly enhanced by the presence of the heavy noble gas(xenon). It is clarified that in spite of the larger thermal conductivity of lighter noble gases the maximum temperature in a SBSL bubble of lighter noble gases is higher due both to the segregation of water vapor and noble gas inside a SBSL bubble and the stronger acoustic drive of a SBSL bubble of lighter noble gases.

  8. Single-bubble sonoluminescence from noble gases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yasui, Kyuichi

    2001-03-01

    Single-bubble sonoluminescence (SBSL) from noble gases in water is studied theoretically in order to clarify the reason of the distinguished feature that the luminescence is strong for all noble gases, while the other systems of cavitation luminescence are greatly enhanced by the presence of the heavy noble gas(xenon). It is clarified that in spite of the larger thermal conductivity of lighter noble gases the maximum temperature in a SBSL bubble of lighter noble gases is higher due both to the segregation of water vapor and noble gas inside a SBSL bubble and the stronger acoustic drive of a SBSL bubble of lighter noble gases.

  9. Establishing fire safety skills using behavioral skills training.

    PubMed

    Houvouras, Andrew J; Harvey, Mark T

    2014-01-01

    The use of behavioral skills training (BST) to educate 3 adolescent boys on the risks of lighters and fire setting was evaluated using in situ assessment in a school setting. Two participants had a history of fire setting. After training, all participants adhered to established rules: (a) avoid a deactivated lighter, (b) leave the training area, and (c) report the lighter to an adult. The response sequence was maintained for both participants after training. The use of in situ assessment to evoke and observe infrequent behavior is discussed.

  10. Steel cars face a weighty decision

    SciTech Connect

    Ashley, S.

    1997-02-01

    This article describes how pressure to improve automotive gas mileage is driving efforts to find new ways to reduce the weight of steel car-body structures. The automobile has been on an extended weight-loss program for several decades now. Ever since the oil shortages of the 1970s and the subsequent adoption of tougher environmental regulations, auto engineers have been whittling away at vehicle weight as a way to boost fuel economy and reduce exhaust emissions. The lighter they can make a vehicle, the lighter its body structure and suspension system could be, and the lighter the engine that would be needed.

  11. Kid's Guide to Fever

    MedlinePlus

    ... concerned when you have a fever. Shiver, Then Sweat Once your hypothalamus sets a new temperature for ... heat that's been in your body. You may sweat and decide to change into some lighter-weight ...

  12. Tilting Shear Layers in Coastal Flows

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-09-30

    Department of Physical Oceanography, MS-21 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Woods Hole , MA 02543 phone: (508)-289-2870 fax: (508)-457...denser, black - lighter). c) Near-surface vertical vorticity (colors) and velocity vectors

  13. 33 CFR 156.220 - Reporting of incidents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) POLLUTION OIL AND HAZARDOUS MATERIAL TRANSFER OPERATIONS Special Requirements for Lightering of Oil and... nearest Captain of the Port, by the service vessel, if fire, explosion, collision, grounding or...

  14. 33 CFR 156.220 - Reporting of incidents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) POLLUTION OIL AND HAZARDOUS MATERIAL TRANSFER OPERATIONS Special Requirements for Lightering of Oil and... nearest Captain of the Port, by the service vessel, if fire, explosion, collision, grounding or...

  15. 33 CFR 156.220 - Reporting of incidents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) POLLUTION OIL AND HAZARDOUS MATERIAL TRANSFER OPERATIONS Special Requirements for Lightering of Oil and... nearest Captain of the Port, by the service vessel, if fire, explosion, collision, grounding or...

  16. 33 CFR 156.220 - Reporting of incidents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) POLLUTION OIL AND HAZARDOUS MATERIAL TRANSFER OPERATIONS Special Requirements for Lightering of Oil and... nearest Captain of the Port, by the service vessel, if fire, explosion, collision, grounding or...

  17. PRSEUS: Please Fold, Spindle, Mutilate

    NASA Video Gallery

    NASA aeronautics researcher Dawn Jegley describes how they're testing a new lightweight stitched composite (nonmetallic) structure that could be used in aircraft to make them lighter and more fuel ...

  18. Oral Contraceptive Pill and PCOS

    MedlinePlus

    ... Health Gynecology Medical Conditions Nutrition & Fitness Emotional Health PCOS: The Oral Contraceptive Pill Posted under Health Guides . ... of oral contraceptive pills for young women with PCOS? Regular and Lighter Periods: Oral contraceptive pills can ...

  19. Fracture Management

    MedlinePlus

    ... to hold the fracture in the correct position. • Fiberglass casting is lighter and stronger and the exterior ... with your physician if this occurs. • When a fiberglass cast is used in conjunction with a GORE- ...

  20. Some economic tables for airships

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Neumann, R. D.

    1975-01-01

    During the course of the Southern California Aviation Council study on lighter than air it was determined that some form of economic base must be developed for estimation of costs of the airship. The tables are presented.

  1. 16 CFR 1210.16 - Production testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... demonstrate that the lighters meet the specifications, required under § 1210.15, of the surrogate that has... action changes the product from the surrogate used for qualification testing in a manner that...

  2. 16 CFR 1210.16 - Production testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... demonstrate that the lighters meet the specifications, required under § 1210.15, of the surrogate that has... action changes the product from the surrogate used for qualification testing in a manner that...

  3. 16 CFR 1210.16 - Production testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... demonstrate that the lighters meet the specifications, required under § 1210.15, of the surrogate that has... action changes the product from the surrogate used for qualification testing in a manner that...

  4. 16 CFR 1210.16 - Production testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... demonstrate that the lighters meet the specifications, required under § 1210.15, of the surrogate that has... action changes the product from the surrogate used for qualification testing in a manner that...

  5. 16 CFR 1210.14 - Qualification testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... States, surrogate lighters of each model shall be tested in accordance with § 1210.4, above, to ensure... standard, additional qualification tests must be made on surrogates for the changed product before...

  6. 16 CFR 1210.14 - Qualification testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... States, surrogate lighters of each model shall be tested in accordance with § 1210.4, above, to ensure... standard, additional qualification tests must be made on surrogates for the changed product before...

  7. 16 CFR 1210.14 - Qualification testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... States, surrogate lighters of each model shall be tested in accordance with § 1210.4, above, to ensure... standard, additional qualification tests must be made on surrogates for the changed product before...

  8. 16 CFR 1212.14 - Qualification testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... in commerce in the United States, surrogate multi-purpose lighters of each model shall be tested in..., additional qualification tests must be made on surrogates for the changed product before the changed...

  9. 16 CFR 1210.14 - Qualification testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... States, surrogate lighters of each model shall be tested in accordance with § 1210.4, above, to ensure... standard, additional qualification tests must be made on surrogates for the changed product before...

  10. 16 CFR 1212.14 - Qualification testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... in commerce in the United States, surrogate multi-purpose lighters of each model shall be tested in..., additional qualification tests must be made on surrogates for the changed product before the changed...

  11. 16 CFR 1212.14 - Qualification testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... in commerce in the United States, surrogate multi-purpose lighters of each model shall be tested in..., additional qualification tests must be made on surrogates for the changed product before the changed...

  12. 16 CFR 1210.16 - Production testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... demonstrate that the lighters meet the specifications, required under § 1210.15, of the surrogate that has... action changes the product from the surrogate used for qualification testing in a manner that...

  13. 16 CFR 1210.14 - Qualification testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... States, surrogate lighters of each model shall be tested in accordance with § 1210.4, above, to ensure... standard, additional qualification tests must be made on surrogates for the changed product before...

  14. 16 CFR 1212.14 - Qualification testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... in commerce in the United States, surrogate multi-purpose lighters of each model shall be tested in..., additional qualification tests must be made on surrogates for the changed product before the changed...

  15. 16 CFR 1212.14 - Qualification testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... in commerce in the United States, surrogate multi-purpose lighters of each model shall be tested in..., additional qualification tests must be made on surrogates for the changed product before the changed...

  16. 76 FR 37309 - Parts and Accessories Necessary for Safe Operation; Application for Exemption From the Natural...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-27

    ..., a burst test to measure its strength, and a fire test to ensure adequate pressure relief... gasoline and diesel fuel, natural gas is lighter than air and as such would not puddle or accumulate...

  17. 77 FR 21547 - Proposed Priorities; Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-10

    ... user vigilance and strain. This could include integrated sensors for natural obstacle detection and... decade. Motors are now lighter and more powerful. Sensors are better and less expensive and batteries...

  18. Taking the Hot Air Out of Balloons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brinks, Virgil L.; Brinks, Robyn L.

    1994-01-01

    Describes how a teacher can give their students the challenge of designing and building model balloons or blimps. The project helps students learn the basics of balloon flight and what it really means to be "lighter than air." (PR)

  19. 7 CFR 319.8-24 - Collection and disposal of waste.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... judgment of an inspector, it is necessary as a safeguard against risk of pest dispersal to clean railway cars, lighters, trucks, and other vehicles and vessels used for transporting such cotton or covers,...

  20. Time-control system for communication between data-collection and orbiting

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kurvin, C. W.

    1974-01-01

    Platform design includes timers which limit data transmission to times when satellites are within radio communication range. As result of reduced power requirement, data-collection platforms now can be equipped with significantly lighter battery packages.

  1. Compact laser through improved heat conductance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yang, L. C.

    1975-01-01

    A 16-joule-pulse laser has been developed in which a boron nitride heat-conductor enclosure is used to remove heat from the elements. Enclosure is smaller and lighter than systems in which cooling fluids are used.

  2. Lightweight orthotic appliances

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baucom, R. M.; St. Clair, T. L.

    1976-01-01

    Graphite-filament reinforced polymer materials are used in applications requiring high tensile strength and modulus. Superior properties of graphite composite materials permit fabrication of supports that are considerably lighter, thinner, and stiffer than conventional components.

  3. 29 CFR 1915.4 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... to repair any vessel under 18 net tons. (e) The term gangway means any ramp-like or stair-like means..., carfloats and lighters. For purposes of this section, the term does not include ship shaped or deep...

  4. 29 CFR 1915.4 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... to repair any vessel under 18 net tons. (e) The term gangway means any ramp-like or stair-like means..., carfloats and lighters. For purposes of this section, the term does not include ship shaped or deep...

  5. 29 CFR 1915.4 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... to repair any vessel under 18 net tons. (e) The term gangway means any ramp-like or stair-like means..., carfloats and lighters. For purposes of this section, the term does not include ship shaped or deep...

  6. 29 CFR 1915.4 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... to repair any vessel under 18 net tons. (e) The term gangway means any ramp-like or stair-like means..., carfloats and lighters. For purposes of this section, the term does not include ship shaped or deep...

  7. 29 CFR 1915.4 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... to repair any vessel under 18 net tons. (e) The term gangway means any ramp-like or stair-like means..., carfloats and lighters. For purposes of this section, the term does not include ship shaped or deep...

  8. Recovery and purification of ethylene

    DOEpatents

    Reyneke, Rian; Foral, Michael J.; Lee, Guang-Chung; Eng, Wayne W. Y.; Sinclair, Iain; Lodgson, Jeffery S.

    2008-10-21

    A process for the recovery and purification of ethylene and optionally propylene from a stream containing lighter and heavier components that employs an ethylene distributor column and a partially thermally coupled distributed distillation system.

  9. The Role of Unmanned Aerial Systems-Sensors in Air Quality Research

    EPA Science Inventory

    The use of unmanned aerial systems (UASs) and miniaturized sensors for a variety of scientific and security purposes has rapidly increased. UASs include aerostats (tethered balloons) and remotely controlled, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) including lighter-than-air vessels, fix...

  10. 78 FR 9420 - Central Gulf of Mexico Planning Area (CPA) Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Oil and Gas Lease Sale 227

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-08

    ... and unitization of transboundary hydrocarbon reservoirs, allocation of production, inspections, safety... United Mexican States Concerning Transboundary Hydrocarbon Reservoirs in the Gulf of Mexico V...) Lightering Zones (6) Indicated Hydrocarbons List (7) Military Areas (8) Safety Zones for Certain...

  11. Inhalant Abuse: Is Your Child at Risk?

    MedlinePlus

    ... What's so dangerous about a can of spray paint or deodorant? Plenty. Huffing these and other common ... deodorizer Cooking spray Correction fluid Glue Rubber cement Paint thinner Cigarette lighters Huffing is sometimes used as ...

  12. Cast Care: Do's and Don'ts

    MedlinePlus

    ... typically lighter and more durable than are traditional plaster casts. Air circulates more freely inside a fiberglass ... Also, X-rays penetrate fiberglass casts better than plaster casts. This is helpful if your child's doctor ...

  13. Cool Cast Facts

    MedlinePlus

    ... moving. The outer layer is usually made of plaster or fiberglass. Fiberglass casts are made of fiberglass, ... color! These casts are lighter and stronger than plaster casts. Plaster casts are usually white and made ...

  14. 16 CFR 1210.4 - Test protocol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child Resistance § 1210.4 Test protocol. (a) Child test... operating components that could affect child resistance to verify that they are within reasonable...

  15. 16 CFR 1212.4 - Test protocol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance § 1212.4 Test protocol. (a) Child... could affect child resistance to verify that they are within reasonable operating tolerances for...

  16. 16 CFR 1212.4 - Test protocol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance § 1212.4 Test protocol. (a) Child... could affect child resistance to verify that they are within reasonable operating tolerances for...

  17. 16 CFR 1210.4 - Test protocol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child Resistance § 1210.4 Test protocol. (a) Child test... operating components that could affect child resistance to verify that they are within reasonable...

  18. Aerial view of construction of both LTA ship hangars (looking ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Aerial view of construction of both LTA ship hangars (looking north) circa 1942. - Marine Corps Air Station Tustin, Northern Lighter Than Air Ship Hangar, Meffett Avenue & Maxfield Street, Tustin, Orange County, CA

  19. Aerial view of entire LTA base after completion of both ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Aerial view of entire LTA base after completion of both LTA ship hangars. Date unknown but probably circa 1945. - Marine Corps Air Station Tustin, Northern Lighter Than Air Ship Hangar, Meffett Avenue & Maxfield Street, Tustin, Orange County, CA

  20. Aerial view of reroofing of northern LTA ship hangar, circa ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Aerial view of re-roofing of northern LTA ship hangar, circa 1957. - Marine Corps Air Station Tustin, Northern Lighter Than Air Ship Hangar, Meffett Avenue & Maxfield Street, Tustin, Orange County, CA

  1. 48 CFR 228.370 - Additional clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...., helicopters, vertical take-off or landing aircraft, lighter-than-air airships, unmanned aerial vehicles, or... Involving Aircraft, Missiles, and Space Launch Vehicles, may be used in solicitations and contracts...

  2. Ames Lab 101: Reinventing the Power Cable

    SciTech Connect

    Russell, Alan

    2013-09-27

    Ames Laboratory researchers are working to develop new electrical power cables that are stronger and lighter than the cables currently used in the nation's power grid. Nano Tube animation by Iain Goodyear

  3. 49 CFR 803.1 - Description.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... follows: An American bald eagle with wings displayed, holding in his dexter (right) talon an olive branch... the eagle's beak. The arrows and the olive branch are a lighter shade of gold. The red and blue of...

  4. 49 CFR 803.1 - Description.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... follows: An American bald eagle with wings displayed, holding in his dexter (right) talon an olive branch... the eagle's beak. The arrows and the olive branch are a lighter shade of gold. The red and blue of...

  5. 49 CFR 803.1 - Description.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... follows: An American bald eagle with wings displayed, holding in his dexter (right) talon an olive branch... the eagle's beak. The arrows and the olive branch are a lighter shade of gold. The red and blue of...

  6. 49 CFR 803.1 - Description.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... follows: An American bald eagle with wings displayed, holding in his dexter (right) talon an olive branch... the eagle's beak. The arrows and the olive branch are a lighter shade of gold. The red and blue of...

  7. Wheelchair Design Changes: New Opportunities for Recreation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Exceptional Parent, 1984

    1984-01-01

    Changes in wheelchair design (such as larger tires and lighter overall weight) make it possible for disabled persons to exercise more mobility and control and participate in a greater variety of recreational activities. (CL)

  8. Preliminary study of a very large catamaran freighter as a derivative of a current wide-body aircraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Heyson, H. H.

    1976-01-01

    The development of a very large cargo aircraft by combining, in catamaran fashion, two existing wide body transports was studied. Advantages of this system include: lighter weight and increased payload; increased fuel economy; and reduction in direct operating costs.

  9. Secondhand Smoke: What It Means to You

    MedlinePlus

    ... car exhaust Toluene Found in paint thinners Hydrogen Cyanide Used in chemical weapons Butane Used in lighter ... severe asthma. Babies are hurt by secondhand smoke. Tobacco smoke harms babies before and after they are ...

  10. Fe and Ni Isotope Composition of Metal Grains from CH and CB Chondrites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weyrauch, M.; Weyer, S.; Zipfel, J.

    2016-08-01

    Early condensates may be represented by zoned metals in CH and CBb chondrites. They display higher concentrations of Ni and more refractory elements in cores than in rims, and lighter Fe and Ni isotope signatures in cores than in rims.

  11. Fiber glass reinforced structural materials for aerospace application

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bartlett, D. H.

    1968-01-01

    Evaluation of fiber glass reinforced plastic materials concludes that fiber glass construction is lighter than aluminum alloy construction. Low thermal conductivity and strength makes the fiber glass material useful in cryogenic tank supports.

  12. 78 FR 60726 - Hazardous Materials Regulations: Penalty Guidelines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-02

    ...; Offeror Requirements for specific hazardous materials: Cigarette lighters, Explosives, Radioactive Materials, Compressed Gases in cylinders; Packaging Manufacturers, Drum Manufacturers and Reconditioners..., Hazardous materials transportation, Packaging and containers, Penalties, Reporting and...

  13. Your Kidneys

    MedlinePlus

    ... Room? What Happens in the Operating Room? Your Kidneys KidsHealth > For Kids > Your Kidneys A A A ... and it will be lighter. What Else Do Kidneys Do? Kidneys are always busy. Besides filtering the ...

  14. PETROTECH 25

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    technical product bulletin: this surface washing agent used in oil spill cleanups is generally applied neat in its factory supplied concentrate form. For lighter oils, with educting or proportioning equipment, an aqueous solution may be used.

  15. 14 CFR 61.313 - What aeronautical experience must I have to apply for a sport pilot certificate?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... preceding 2 calendar months from the month of the test. (e) Lighter-than-air category and airship class... in an airship and at least 3 hours performing the duties of pilot in command in an airship with...

  16. 14 CFR 61.3 - Requirement for certificates, ratings, and authorizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... airplane instrument rating; or (4) For an airship, a commercial pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category rating and airship class rating. (f) Category II pilot authorization. Except for a...

  17. 14 CFR 61.3 - Requirement for certificates, ratings, and authorizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... airplane instrument rating; or (4) For an airship, a commercial pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category rating and airship class rating. (f) Category II pilot authorization. Except for a...

  18. 14 CFR 61.3 - Requirement for certificates, ratings, and authorizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... airplane instrument rating; or (4) For an airship, a commercial pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category rating and airship class rating. (f) Category II pilot authorization. Except for a...

  19. 14 CFR 61.313 - What aeronautical experience must I have to apply for a sport pilot certificate?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... preceding 2 calendar months from the month of the test. (e) Lighter-than-air category and airship class... in an airship and at least 3 hours performing the duties of pilot in command in an airship with...

  20. 14 CFR 61.313 - What aeronautical experience must I have to apply for a sport pilot certificate?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... preceding 2 calendar months from the month of the test. (e) Lighter-than-air category and airship class... in an airship and at least 3 hours performing the duties of pilot in command in an airship with...

  1. 14 CFR 61.3 - Requirement for certificates, ratings, and authorizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... airplane instrument rating; or (4) For an airship, a commercial pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category rating and airship class rating. (f) Category II pilot authorization. Except for a...

  2. Chemical Principles Exemplified

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plumb, Robert C.

    1972-01-01

    Collection of two short descriptions of chemical principles seen in life situations: the autocatalytic reaction seen in the bombardier beetle, and molecular potential energy used for quick roasting of beef. Brief reference is also made to methanol lighters. (PS)

  3. Aviation spirit - past, present, and future

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dunstan, A E; Thole, F B

    1923-01-01

    The volatile fuel of the high-speed internal combustion engine has, in the past, consisted almost exclusively of the lighter distillates from crude petroleum. Alternative and supplementary fuels are discussed such as: tetraline, dekalin, alcohol, cyclo-hexenes.

  4. The F.I.T. Story: Astronautics at F.I.T.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aviation/Space, 1980

    1980-01-01

    Describes the astronautic programs and research at the Florida Institute of Technology, Melborne, Florida. Undergraduate and graduate students participate in research, such as Lighter-Than-Air vehicles, optical observation, auroral-magnetospheric research, and geomagnetism. (DS)

  5. Ames Lab 101: Reinventing the Power Cable

    ScienceCinema

    Russell, Alan

    2016-07-12

    Ames Laboratory researchers are working to develop new electrical power cables that are stronger and lighter than the cables currently used in the nation's power grid. Nano Tube animation by Iain Goodyear

  6. New materials for fireplace logs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kieselback, D. J.; Smock, A. W.

    1971-01-01

    Fibrous insulation and refractory concrete are used for logs as well as fireproof walls, incinerator bricks, planters, and roof shingles. Insulation is lighter and more shock resistant than fireclay. Lightweight slag bonded with refractory concrete serves as aggregrate.

  7. Improving YBCO Coated Conductors for Applications (Postprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-02-01

    are lighter in weight and smaller in size than their conventional counterparts. The YBCO coated conductor is expected to be the premiere HTS conductor...superconductors (HTS) can enable megawatt-class power systems which are lighter in weight and smaller in size than their conventional counterparts. The...Pinning, Superconducting Machines . PACS: 74.60.G, 74.76.B, 74.25.H, 74.72.B INTRODUCTION A variety of future military systems will require large amounts

  8. Brightness illusion in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata).

    PubMed

    Agrillo, Christian; Miletto Petrazzini, Maria Elena; Bisazza, Angelo

    2016-02-01

    A long-standing debate surrounds the issue of whether human and nonhuman species share similar perceptual mechanisms. One experimental strategy to compare visual perception of vertebrates consists in assessing how animals react in the presence of visual illusions. To date, this methodological approach has been widely used with mammals and birds, while few studies have been reported in distantly related species, such as fish. In the present study we investigated whether fish perceive the brightness illusion, a well-known illusion occurring when 2 objects, identical in physical features, appear to be different in brightness. Twelve guppies (Poecilia reticulata) were initially trained to discriminate which rectangle was darker or lighter between 2 otherwise identical rectangles. Three different conditions were set up: neutral condition between rectangle and background (same background used for both darker and lighter rectangle); congruent condition (darker rectangle in a darker background and lighter rectangle in a lighter background); and incongruent condition (darker rectangle in a lighter background and lighter rectangle in a darker background). After reaching the learning criterion, guppies were presented with the illusory pattern: 2 identical rectangles inserted in 2 different backgrounds. Guppies previously trained to select the darker rectangle showed a significant choice of the rectangle that appears to be darker by human observers (and vice versa). The human-like performance exhibited in the presence of the illusory pattern suggests the existence of similar perceptual mechanisms between humans and fish to elaborate the brightness of objects.

  9. Parents of preschool fire setters: perceptions of the child-play fire hazard.

    PubMed

    Pollack-Nelson, Carol; Faranda, Donna M; Porth, Don; Lim, Nicholas K

    2006-09-01

    The present study sought to learn about risk perceptions held by parents of preschool fire-setters. A 41-item survey was distributed to 60 parents whose children, aged 6 years and younger, had previously set fires and who were involved in intervention programmes throughout the US. Most parents did not think their children would play with matches/lighters, or knew how to use these items, although some had witnessed their children playing with matches/lighters previously. Most parents reported having taken precautions to keep matches/lighters out of reach and also educating their children about fire. Regardless, children not only set fires, but in 40% of cases climbed to access the match/lighter. Parents' perceptions of their children's proclivity for fire play were not consistent with their actual fire-play behaviour. Parents underestimated the likelihood that their children would play with matches/lighters. Although most reportedly undertook preventative measures aimed at thwarting fire play, these strategies were ineffective. Traditionally relied upon precautionary techniques, such as storing lighters out of reach and discussing the dangers of fire, were not sufficient to stem interest and resultant fire play.

  10. Investigation, by single photon ionisation (SPI)-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOFMS), of the effect of different cigarette-lighting devices on the chemical composition of the first cigarette puff.

    PubMed

    Adam, Thomas; Baker, Richard R; Zimmermann, Ralf

    2007-01-01

    Soft single-photon ionisation (SPI)-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOFMS) has been used to investigate the effect of different cigarette-lighting devices on the chemical composition of the mainstream smoke from the first cigarette puff. Lighting devices examined were a Borgwaldt electric lighter, a propane/butane gas lighter, a match, a candle, and the burning zone of another cigarette. To eliminate the effects of the different masses of tobacco burnt by use of the different lighting methods a normalisation procedure was performed which enabled investigation of changes in the chemical patterns of the resulting smoke. When another cigarette was used as the lighting device, elevated levels of ammonia and other nitrogen-containing substances were observed. These are high in the sidestream smoke of the cigarette used for lighting and would be drawn into the mainstream smoke of the cigarette being lit. In contrast, smoke from the cigarette lit by the electric lighter contained slightly higher normalised amounts of isoprene. Lighting the cigarette by use of a candle resulted in larger amounts of substances, e.g. benzene, which most probably originated from thermal decomposition of wax. The composition of the first puff of smoke obtained by use of the three lighting methods with open flames (gas lighter, match, and candle) was usually similar whereas the composition of the smoke produced by use of the electric lighter and the cigarette as the lighter were more unique. The chemical patterns generated by the different lighting devices could, however, be separated by principal-component analyses. Two additional test series were also studied. In the first the cigarette was lit with an electric lighter, then extinguished, the ash was cut off, and the cigarette was re-lit. In the second the cigarette was heated in an oven to 80 degrees C for 5 min before being lit. These treatments did not result in changes in the chemical composition compared with cigarettes lit in the

  11. Apparatus for treating oil field wastes containing hydrocarbons

    SciTech Connect

    Mudd, R.E.; Wyatt, W.L.

    1986-03-11

    An apparatus is described for treating wastes containing carbonaceous materials comprising: (a) a rotary kiln having a first end higher than a second end whereby material rotating therein will flow from the first to the second end, the kiln having an inlet at the first end; (b) means for injecting burning fuel and air into the first end of the kiln and cause substantially complete combustion of all carbonaceous materials in the wastes and leaving only dry solid non-combustible residue and gases; (c) outlet means at the second end of the kiln; (d) separating means connected to the outlet means for separating heavier solid materials exiting the kiln from lighter solid materials exiting the kiln, the separating means including suction means for entraining the lighter materials in air and gases exhausted from the kiln while permitting heavier solid materials to separate therefrom by gravity; and (e) means downstream from the suction means for separating the lighter solid materials from the gases.

  12. Long hair, smoking, and deep facial burns.

    PubMed

    Koljonen, Virve

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to describe deep facial burn injuries by cigarette lighters in longhaired adults and to report our experience in their treatment. Eight consecutive cigarette lighter burn victims are treated in the Helsinki Burn Center in the year 2006. Seven of the patients were women; their mean age was 50 years. All were under the influence of alcohol at the time of injury. The mean burnt area was 3.5% TBSA. The burnt areas were primarily forehead, cheek, and ipsilateral ear. After a conservative treatment, all the patients underwent an operation, whereby the nonhealing burns were excised and covered with autologous split thickness skin grafts. Postoperative period was uneventful in all the patients. Besides having severe detrimental effects on general health status and wound healing, smoking is the leading cause of residential and total fire deaths worldwide. The patients in this article suffered deep facial burns because of cigarette lighters.

  13. F-cell levels are altered with erythrocyte density in sickle cell disease.

    PubMed

    Basu, Sumanta; Dash, Bisnu Prasad; Patel, Dilip Kumar; Chakravarty, Sudipa; Chakravarty, Amit; Banerjee, Debashis; Chakrabarti, Abhijit

    2011-08-15

    Lighter cells from density fractionated erythrocytes of sickle cell disease (SCD) patients carry higher amount of externalized phosphatidylserine (PS) and cell surface glycophorins compared to the denser counterparts. Further analysis also revealed that the denser cells contained higher levels of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) compared to the lighter cells, supported by the presence of larger number of F-cells in these populations. In this report, we have found direct evidence on the higher survival of the HbF rich erythrocytes in SCD.

  14. Guidance Material for Mode S-Specific Protocol Application Avionics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-04

    Emergency vehicle 2 Medium (ុ,000 lbs.) Lighter-than-air Service vehicle 3 Heavy (,000 lbs.) Parachute/ skydiver Fixed or tethered obstruction 4...Parachutist/ skydiver 34 4 Ultraltghtthang-glider.paraglider 35 CHARACTER 5 5 Reserved 36 6 uInmanned aerial vehicle 37 7 Space/transatmospheric vehicle 38 LSB...inlormation 32 LSB 1 = Glider/sailplane 33 MSB 2 = Lighter-than-air 34 3 = Parachutist/ skydiver 35 CHARACTER 5 4 = Ultralightlhang-glider/paraglider 36 5

  15. Sedimentary features on the surface of Mars as seen from Mariner 6 and 7 photographs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Parsley, R. L.

    1973-01-01

    Martian sedimentation is primarily aeolian with the principal source areas being the cratered highlands. Lighter albedo in areas of sedimentation may be due to minerals of smaller grain size and/or lighter specific gravity. Martian erosion sedimentation seems to be active as evidenced by removal and/or burial of ejecta mounds and ray ejecta patterns around fresh bowl shaped craters. It is suggested that at least some chaotic terrain may be formed by aeolian removal of material in areas of closely spaced faulting. Transitional areas between uplands and basins are sometimes muted by down slope winds.

  16. Hydroprocess catalyst selection

    SciTech Connect

    Adams, C.T.; DelPaggio, A.A. ); Schaper, H.; Stork, W.H.J. . Lab.); Shiflett, W.K. )

    1989-09-01

    Flexibility in residuum hydroprocessing becomes a requirement as fuel oil demand weakens, crude slates tend to be heavier, and variability in crude oil cost and supply become the norm. One means of providing flexibility is to incorporate residuum hydrotreating ahead of a heavy oil catalytic cracking unit which converts heavier components into lighter, more valuable products. Alternatively, significant conversion of the residuum to lighter products can be achieved by the operation of the residuum hydrotreater at a higher severity to facilitate hydrocracking reactions. This paper focuses on the design and selection of catalytic systems in the framework of a unified reactor modeling scheme for such residuum hydroprocessing applications.

  17. Process for converting heavy oil deposited on coal to distillable oil in a low severity process

    DOEpatents

    Ignasiak, Teresa; Strausz, Otto; Ignasiak, Boleslaw; Janiak, Jerzy; Pawlak, Wanda; Szymocha, Kazimierz; Turak, Ali A.

    1994-01-01

    A process for removing oil from coal fines that have been agglomerated or blended with heavy oil comprises the steps of heating the coal fines to temperatures over 350.degree. C. up to 450.degree. C. in an inert atmosphere, such as steam or nitrogen, to convert some of the heavy oil to lighter, and distilling and collecting the lighter oils. The pressure at which the process is carried out can be from atmospheric to 100 atmospheres. A hydrogen donor can be added to the oil prior to deposition on the coal surface to increase the yield of distillable oil.

  18. Search for neutral resonances decaying into a Z boson and a pair of b jets or τ leptons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khachatryan, V.; Sirunyan, A. M.; Tumasyan, A.; Adam, W.; Asilar, E.; Bergauer, T.; Brandstetter, J.; Brondolin, E.; Dragicevic, M.; Erö, J.; Flechl, M.; Friedl, M.; Frühwirth, R.; Ghete, V. M.; Hartl, C.; Hörmann, N.; Hrubec, J.; Jeitler, M.; Knünz, V.; König, A.; Krammer, M.; Krätschmer, I.; Liko, D.; Matsushita, T.; Mikulec, I.; Rabady, D.; Rahbaran, B.; Rohringer, H.; Schieck, J.; Schöfbeck, R.; Strauss, J.; Treberer-Treberspurg, W.; Waltenberger, W.; Wulz, C.-E.; Mossolov, V.; Shumeiko, N.; Suarez Gonzalez, J.; Alderweireldt, S.; Cornelis, T.; De Wolf, E. A.; Janssen, X.; Knutsson, A.; Lauwers, J.; Luyckx, S.; Van De Klundert, M.; Van Haevermaet, H.; Van Mechelen, P.; Van Remortel, N.; Van Spilbeeck, A.; Abu Zeid, S.; Blekman, F.; D'Hondt, J.; Daci, N.; De Bruyn, I.; Deroover, K.; Heracleous, N.; Keaveney, J.; Lowette, S.; Moreels, L.; Olbrechts, A.; Python, Q.; Strom, D.; Tavernier, S.; Van Doninck, W.; Van Mulders, P.; Van Onsem, G. P.; Van Parijs, I.; Barria, P.; Brun, H.; Caillol, C.; Clerbaux, B.; De Lentdecker, G.; Fasanella, G.; Favart, L.; Grebenyuk, A.; Karapostoli, G.; Lenzi, T.; Léonard, A.; Maerschalk, T.; Marinov, A.; Perniè, L.; Randle-Conde, A.; Seva, T.; Vander Velde, C.; Vanlaer, P.; Yonamine, R.; Zenoni, F.; Zhang, F.; Beernaert, K.; Benucci, L.; Cimmino, A.; Crucy, S.; Dobur, D.; Fagot, A.; Garcia, G.; Gul, M.; Mccartin, J.; Ocampo Rios, A. A.; Poyraz, D.; Ryckbosch, D.; Salva, S.; Sigamani, M.; Tytgat, M.; Van Driessche, W.; Yazgan, E.; Zaganidis, N.; Basegmez, S.; Beluffi, C.; Bondu, O.; Brochet, S.; Bruno, G.; Caudron, A.; Ceard, L.; Da Silveira, G. G.; Delaere, C.; Favart, D.; Forthomme, L.; Giammanco, A.; Hollar, J.; Jafari, A.; Jez, P.; Komm, M.; Lemaitre, V.; Mertens, A.; Musich, M.; Nuttens, C.; Perrini, L.; Pin, A.; Piotrzkowski, K.; Popov, A.; Quertenmont, L.; Selvaggi, M.; Vidal Marono, M.; Beliy, N.; Hammad, G. H.; Aldá Júnior, W. L.; Alves, F. L.; Alves, G. A.; Brito, L.; Correa Martins, M.; Hamer, M.; Hensel, C.; Moraes, A.; Pol, M. E.; Rebello Teles, P.; Belchior Batista Das Chagas, E.; Carvalho, W.; Chinellato, J.; Custódio, A.; Da Costa, E. M.; De Jesus Damiao, D.; De Oliveira Martins, C.; Fonseca De Souza, S.; Huertas Guativa, L. M.; Malbouisson, H.; Matos Figueiredo, D.; Mora Herrera, C.; Mundim, L.; Nogima, H.; Prado Da Silva, W. L.; Santoro, A.; Sznajder, A.; Tonelli Manganote, E. J.; Vilela Pereira, A.; Ahuja, S.; Bernardes, C. A.; De Souza Santos, A.; Dogra, S.; Fernandez Perez Tomei, T. R.; Gregores, E. M.; Mercadante, P. G.; Moon, C. S.; Novaes, S. F.; Padula, Sandra S.; Romero Abad, D.; Ruiz Vargas, J. C.; Aleksandrov, A.; Hadjiiska, R.; Iaydjiev, P.; Rodozov, M.; Stoykova, S.; Sultanov, G.; Vutova, M.; Dimitrov, A.; Glushkov, I.; Litov, L.; Pavlov, B.; Petkov, P.; Ahmad, M.; Bian, J. G.; Chen, G. M.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, M.; Cheng, T.; Du, R.; Jiang, C. H.; Plestina, R.; Romeo, F.; Shaheen, S. M.; Spiezia, A.; Tao, J.; Wang, C.; Wang, Z.; Zhang, H.; Asawatangtrakuldee, C.; Ban, Y.; Li, Q.; Liu, S.; Mao, Y.; Qian, S. J.; Wang, D.; Xu, Z.; Avila, C.; Cabrera, A.; Chaparro Sierra, L. F.; Florez, C.; Gomez, J. P.; Gomez Moreno, B.; Sanabria, J. C.; Godinovic, N.; Lelas, D.; Puljak, I.; Ribeiro Cipriano, P. M.; Antunovic, Z.; Kovac, M.; Brigljevic, V.; Kadija, K.; Luetic, J.; Micanovic, S.; Sudic, L.; Attikis, A.; Mavromanolakis, G.; Mousa, J.; Nicolaou, C.; Ptochos, F.; Razis, P. A.; Rykaczewski, H.; Bodlak, M.; Finger, M.; Finger, M.; El-khateeb, E.; Elkafrawy, T.; Mohamed, A.; Salama, E.; Calpas, B.; Kadastik, M.; Murumaa, M.; Raidal, M.; Tiko, A.; Veelken, C.; Eerola, P.; Pekkanen, J.; Voutilainen, M.; Härkönen, J.; Karimäki, V.; Kinnunen, R.; Lampén, T.; Lassila-Perini, K.; Lehti, S.; Lindén, T.; Luukka, P.; Peltola, T.; Tuominen, E.; Tuominiemi, J.; Tuovinen, E.; Wendland, L.; Talvitie, J.; Tuuva, T.; Besancon, M.; Couderc, F.; Dejardin, M.; Denegri, D.; Fabbro, B.; Faure, J. L.; Favaro, C.; Ferri, F.; Ganjour, S.; Givernaud, A.; Gras, P.; Hamel de Monchenault, G.; Jarry, P.; Locci, E.; Machet, M.; Malcles, J.; Rander, J.; Rosowsky, A.; Titov, M.; Zghiche, A.; Antropov, I.; Baffioni, S.; Beaudette, F.; Busson, P.; Cadamuro, L.; Chapon, E.; Charlot, C.; Davignon, O.; Filipovic, N.; Granier de Cassagnac, R.; Jo, M.; Lisniak, S.; Mastrolorenzo, L.; Miné, P.; Naranjo, I. N.; Nguyen, M.; Ochando, C.; Ortona, G.; Paganini, P.; Pigard, P.; Regnard, S.; Salerno, R.; Sauvan, J. B.; Sirois, Y.; Strebler, T.; Yilmaz, Y.; Zabi, A.; Agram, J.-L.; Andrea, J.; Aubin, A.; Bloch, D.; Brom, J.-M.; Buttignol, M.; Chabert, E. C.; Chanon, N.; Collard, C.; Conte, E.; Coubez, X.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Gelé, D.; Goerlach, U.; Goetzmann, C.; Le Bihan, A.-C.; Merlin, J. A.; Skovpen, K.; Van Hove, P.; Gadrat, S.; Beauceron, S.; Bernet, C.

    2016-08-01

    A search is performed for a new resonance decaying into a lighter resonance and a Z boson. Two channels are studied, targeting the decay of the lighter resonance into either a pair of oppositely charged τ leptons or a b b ‾ pair. The Z boson is identified via its decays to electrons or muons. The search exploits data collected by the CMS experiment at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.8 fb-1. No significant deviations are observed from the standard model expectation and limits are set on production cross sections and parameters of two-Higgs-doublet models.

  19. Deformation of the overriding slab during incipient subduction in centrifuge modeling and its tectonic significance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mart, Yossi; Goren, Liran; Koyi, Hemin

    2015-04-01

    Analog models of subduction-related structural deformation emphasize the significance of differences in density and friction between the adjacent plates on the distortion of the overriding slab and its possible effect on the subduction procedure. Centrifuge experiments juxtaposed miniaturized lighter and denser lithospheres, which were floating on denser but less viscous asthenosphere. The lithosphere in the tests comprised brittle and ductile strata, which showed diversified styles of deformation, while factors of equivocal tectonic significance, such as lateral push or negative buoyancy, were not introduced into the experiments. The tests show that the juxtaposition of lighter and denser lithospheres would suffice to drive the denser lithosphere as a wedge between the asthenosphere and the lighter lithosphere, and that the rate of the process would depend on the rate of friction between the slabs, as well as on differential viscosity. It seems that the reduced friction in Nature was derived from the generation of serpentinites, which could be the main agent of lubrication. The underthrusting of the denser lithosphere leads to the uplift and collapse of the edge of the lighter slab, where extension, thinning, normal faulting and rifting took place, and diapiric ascent of parts of the ductile layer of the lighter slab occurred along several rifts. The analog experiments were carried out only to the stage where the denser slab was thrust under the lighter one, but the penetration of the lithosphere into the asthenosphere was not achieved. It seems plausible therefore, that only after eclogitization, and the upward motion of serpentinites, increased the density of the underthrust slab, would it dive and penetrate into the asthenosphere. The experiments indicate the plausibility of the constraints imposed on the subduction process by the deformation of the overthrust slab. The normal faults and rifts in the overthrust block could serve as conduits for the ascent of

  20. Oil spill recovery: Oil booms and skimmers. (Latest citations from the US Patent Bibliographic file with exemplary claims). Published Search

    SciTech Connect

    1995-07-01

    The bibliography contains citations of selected patents concerning booms, skimmers, and skimming techniques used for oil spill recovery. Patents cover cleanup and containment systems, floating booms, collection and storage, barriers, and dispersants. Visible markings, lighters for transferring oil, and pollution monitoring systems are also included. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  1. Modeling of Micromechanisms of Fatigue and Fracture in Hybrid Materials

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-15

    titanium aluminides . Unclassified SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE Report No. UCB/R/90/A1065 Final Report to U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific...PARTICULATE-REINFORCED Ti-6AI-4V COMPOSITES ............... 52 5. TITANIUM ALUMINIDE INTERMETALLICS ............................................ 59 6...preliminary examination of the microstructure of titanium aluminides . V 1. INTRODUCTION In recent years, the need for lighter materials with high

  2. Can Morasko and Mundrabilla help Reconstructing Production Rates and Nuclear Reaction Cross-Sections for Light Cosmogenic Nuclides?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Merchel, S.; Smith, T.; Leya, I.; Pavetich, S.; Rugel, G.; Scharf, A.; Muszynski, A.

    2016-08-01

    Lighter nuclides of He, Ne, and Ar, and radionuclides Be-10, Al-26, Cl-36 and Ca-41 are measured in troilite, schreibersite and bulk metal of Mundrabilla and Morasko. Traces of S largely enhance Al-26 production. Cl-36-Ar-36 CRE ages are undisturbed.

  3. 30 CFR 75.1702 - Smoking; prohibition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Smoking; prohibition. 75.1702 Section 75.1702... MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Miscellaneous § 75.1702 Smoking; prohibition. No person shall smoke, carry smoking materials, matches, or lighters underground, or smoke in or around oil...

  4. 30 CFR 57.22102 - Smoking (I-C mines).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Smoking (I-C mines). 57.22102 Section 57.22102... Methane in Metal and Nonmetal Mines Fire Prevention and Control § 57.22102 Smoking (I-C mines). (a) Persons shall not smoke or carry smoking materials, matches, or lighters underground or within 50 feet...

  5. 30 CFR 75.1702 - Smoking; prohibition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Smoking; prohibition. 75.1702 Section 75.1702... MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Miscellaneous § 75.1702 Smoking; prohibition. No person shall smoke, carry smoking materials, matches, or lighters underground, or smoke in or around oil...

  6. 30 CFR 75.1702 - Smoking; prohibition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Smoking; prohibition. 75.1702 Section 75.1702... MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Miscellaneous § 75.1702 Smoking; prohibition. No person shall smoke, carry smoking materials, matches, or lighters underground, or smoke in or around oil...

  7. 30 CFR 57.22102 - Smoking (I-C mines).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Smoking (I-C mines). 57.22102 Section 57.22102... Methane in Metal and Nonmetal Mines Fire Prevention and Control § 57.22102 Smoking (I-C mines). (a) Persons shall not smoke or carry smoking materials, matches, or lighters underground or within 50 feet...

  8. 30 CFR 75.1702 - Smoking; prohibition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Smoking; prohibition. 75.1702 Section 75.1702... MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Miscellaneous § 75.1702 Smoking; prohibition. No person shall smoke, carry smoking materials, matches, or lighters underground, or smoke in or around oil...

  9. 30 CFR 75.1702 - Smoking; prohibition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Smoking; prohibition. 75.1702 Section 75.1702... MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Miscellaneous § 75.1702 Smoking; prohibition. No person shall smoke, carry smoking materials, matches, or lighters underground, or smoke in or around oil...

  10. 30 CFR 57.22102 - Smoking (I-C mines).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Smoking (I-C mines). 57.22102 Section 57.22102... Methane in Metal and Nonmetal Mines Fire Prevention and Control § 57.22102 Smoking (I-C mines). (a) Persons shall not smoke or carry smoking materials, matches, or lighters underground or within 50 feet...

  11. 30 CFR 57.22102 - Smoking (I-C mines).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Smoking (I-C mines). 57.22102 Section 57.22102... Methane in Metal and Nonmetal Mines Fire Prevention and Control § 57.22102 Smoking (I-C mines). (a) Persons shall not smoke or carry smoking materials, matches, or lighters underground or within 50 feet...

  12. 30 CFR 57.22102 - Smoking (I-C mines).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Smoking (I-C mines). 57.22102 Section 57.22102... Methane in Metal and Nonmetal Mines Fire Prevention and Control § 57.22102 Smoking (I-C mines). (a) Persons shall not smoke or carry smoking materials, matches, or lighters underground or within 50 feet...

  13. Sex, Money and the Equal Pay Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feldman, Edwin B.

    1973-01-01

    Institutions who justify a wage differential between male and female custodians on the basis that women typically do the lighter work, and men the heavier, can find themselves in trouble. The Equal Pay Act of 1963 requires that men and women get the same pay for equal work -- and all custodial work is substantially equal to the Labor Department.…

  14. 33 CFR 155.4025 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... OIL OR HAZARDOUS MATERIAL POLLUTION PREVENTION REGULATIONS FOR VESSELS Salvage and Marine Firefighting.... This support may include, but not be limited to, underwater repairs, welding, placing lifting slings, or performing damage assessments. Emergency lightering is the process of transferring oil between...

  15. 33 CFR 155.4025 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... OIL OR HAZARDOUS MATERIAL POLLUTION PREVENTION REGULATIONS FOR VESSELS Salvage and Marine Firefighting.... This support may include, but not be limited to, underwater repairs, welding, placing lifting slings, or performing damage assessments. Emergency lightering is the process of transferring oil between...

  16. 33 CFR 155.4025 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... lifting slings, or performing damage assessments. Emergency lightering is the process of transferring oil... OIL OR HAZARDOUS MATERIAL POLLUTION PREVENTION REGULATIONS FOR VESSELS Salvage and Marine Firefighting... oil from one tank to another, when the vessel's own transfer equipment is not working....

  17. Ammonia emissions from cattle-feeding operations. Part 1: issues and emissions.

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Ammonia (NH3) is a lighter-than-air, colorless gas, with a recognizable pungent smell. It is a source of the essential nutrient nitrogen (N) for plants and animals, but it is also classified as a hazardous substance by the EPA. Ammonia occurs naturally and occurs in trace amounts in the atmosphere...

  18. Understanding Why Researchers Should Use Synchrotron-Enhanced FTIR Instead of Traditional FTIR

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stem, Michelle R.

    2008-01-01

    A synchrotron-enhanced Fourier transform infrared (SR-FTIR) specializes in combining the tremendous power, brightness, intensity, focusability, and tunability of the photons radiated by a synchrotron with FTIR ability to research the vibrational properties of the lighter elements (i.e., C, N, O, etc.). Infrared (IR) wavelengths correspond to the…

  19. 33 CFR 1.05-1 - Delegation of rulemaking authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... designation of lightering zones. (iii) The operation of drawbridges. (iv) The establishment of Regulated Navigation Areas. (v) The establishment of safety and security zones. (vi) The establishment of special local... establish safety and security zones. (g) The Commandant has redelegated to Coast Guard District...

  20. STS-6 sixth Space Shuttle mission. First flight of the Challenger

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1983-01-01

    A prelaunch summary of the sixth Space Shuttle mission is provided. The Challenger orbiter; launching; uprated engines; lighter weight boosters; lightweight tank; external tank reduction; landing; the tracking and data relay satellite system (TDRSS), TDRS-1 deployment; the inertial upper stage (IUS), the spacewalk;electrophoresis, monodisperse latex reactor, night time/day time optical survey of lightning, and getaway special experiments are described.

  1. Just-In-Time Logistics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-02-07

    Logistics modernization, end-to-end logistics, logistics transformation, and just - in - time logistics -- whichever name it is being called today, it is...demonstrations as to what these systems will do for the end user, consumer confidence will increase and " just - in - time " logistics will lead to a lighter and leaner combat logistics support.

  2. Powder Lot Variations: A Case Study with H4831 - Hodgdon Extreme

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-11-30

    338 Lapua Magnum. (Endris, 2009; Webb, 2007) Other high-capacity cartridges such as the .338 Norma Magnum have been suggested as a longer range...machine gun cartridge (Steimke, 2012), and lighter recoiling cartridges similar to the 6.5x284 Norma will probably be considered by units with counter

  3. Drilling at Advanced Levels

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Case, Doug

    1977-01-01

    Instances where drilling is useful for advanced language are discussed. Several types of drills are recommended, with the philosophy that advanced level drills should have a lighter style and be regarded as a useful, occasional means of practicing individual new items. (CHK)

  4. Alternative battery systems for transportation uses

    SciTech Connect

    Michael Thackeray

    2012-07-25

    Argonne Distinguished Fellow Michael Thackeray highlights the need for alternative battery systems for transportation uses. Such systems will not only need to be smaller, lighter and more energy dense, but also able to make electric vehicles more competitive with internal combustion engine vehicles.

  5. Site overview. Part 3 of 3part panorama with nos. CA27071 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Site overview. Part 3 of 3-part panorama with nos. CA2707-1 and CA-2707-2. Hangar no. 1. Seen from roadway leading to hangar no. 1 landing pad. Looking 250 WSW. - Marine Corps Air Station Tustin, Northern Lighter Than Air Ship Hangar, Meffett Avenue & Maxfield Street, Tustin, Orange County, CA

  6. Site overview. Part 2 of 3part panorama with nos. CA27021 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Site overview. Part 2 of 3-part panorama with nos. CA-2702-1 and CA-2707-3. Hanger no. 2 at left rear. Hangar no. 1 at right rear. Hangar no. 1 landing pad road in center. Looking 232 SW. - Marine Corps Air Station Tustin, Northern Lighter Than Air Ship Hangar, Meffett Avenue & Maxfield Street, Tustin, Orange County, CA

  7. Understanding Colorism and How It Relates to Sport and Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forster-Scott, Latisha

    2011-01-01

    Discrimination based on gradations of skin color can occur within and between racial or ethnic groups, including blacks, Latinos, and Asians. Lighter skin and Caucasian features tend to be viewed more positively than darker-skin qualities. Where a person of color falls along the "color line" may affect his or her social status, employment…

  8. The Skin Color Paradox and the American Racial Order

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hochschild, Jennifer L.; Weaver, Vesla

    2007-01-01

    Dark-skinned blacks in the United States have lower socioeconomic status, more punitive relationships with the criminal justice system, diminished prestige, and less likelihood of holding elective office compared with their lighter counterparts. This phenomenon of "colorism" both occurs within the African American community and is…

  9. Hangar no. 1 perspective view of south doors and west ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Hangar no. 1 perspective view of south doors and west side doors. Seen from hangar apron. Note hydrogen building at left edge distance. Looking 44 NE. - Marine Corps Air Station Tustin, Northern Lighter Than Air Ship Hangar, Meffett Avenue & Maxfield Street, Tustin, Orange County, CA

  10. Fatigue Testing of Vampire Wings,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-06-01

    conditions the nominal stress in the lower spar boom was estimated to be 27.56 MPa (4000 psi) per g--the corresponding stress for the lighter English ...structure. Never- theless, four out of the 55 used did fail during tesi , and the remainder were found to be cracked on removal. A number of the cracked

  11. Burn Hazards of the Deployed Environment in Wartime: Epidemiology of Noncombat Burns from Ongoing United States Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    conversation with the patient, if ossible. This information was made part of the inpatient lectronic medical record. For the purposes of this study, atient...b p 456 Kauvar et al Epidemiology of Noncombat Burns J Am Coll Surgelding, refilling a cigarette lighter, and a vehicle fire not esulting from a

  12. Resisting Dark Chocolate: A Journey through Racial Identity and Deficit Thinking: A Case Study and Solutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trotman Scott, Michelle

    2014-01-01

    Research indicates that Black children with darker complexions experience more difficulty being accepted by Whites and their Black peers; and they are believed to be less intelligent than White and lighter complexion Black students. It also reveals that the innocence young children have regarding differences between themselves and others do not…

  13. Novel Discretization Schemes for the Numerical Simulation of Membrane Dynamics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-09-13

    air, indicating that inertial forces dominate. In con- trast, dragonfly wings are much lighter at m∗ = 1 and aerodynamic forces dominate. Another...Flapping Wing Micro Air Vehicle Using Finite Element Methods”. Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering, WCE 2010, volume 2. 2010. [91

  14. Common conditions in skin of color.

    PubMed

    Hadi, Ali; Elbuluk, Nada

    2016-12-01

    The skin of color population is rapidly growing in the United States. This population has numerous unique and more commonly occurring dermatologic conditions. Additionally, certain cutaneous conditions can present differently in darker versus lighter skin types. This paper provides an up-to-date overview of common conditions that occur in skin of color, including their clinical presentations, pathogenesis, differential diagnoses, and treatments.

  15. Private and Commercial Pilot: Free Balloon: Flight Test Guide (Part 61 Revised).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Aviation Administration (DOT), Washington, DC. Flight Standards Service.

    The flight test guide has been prepared to assist the applicant and his instructor in preparing for the private pilot or commercial pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category and free balloon class rating. It contains information and guidance concerning the pilot operations, procedures, and maneuvers relevant to the flight test: layout and…

  16. Long-Term Maternal Effects of Early Childhood Intervention: Findings from the Infant Health and Development Program (IHDP)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Anne; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Klebanov, Pamela; Buka, Stephen L.; McCormick, Marie C.

    2008-01-01

    The Infant Health and Development Program (IHDP) was a randomized clinical trial of early intervention services for low birth weight, premature infants. Mothers and infants received services for 3 years beginning at neonatal discharge. At the intervention's conclusion, mothers in the intervention group who had lighter (less than 2001 g) birth…

  17. Use of vacuum residue in thermal cracking

    SciTech Connect

    Mikulla, K.D.; Wernicke, H.J.

    1981-03-24

    Vacuum residue is used for production of olefins by first separating, preferably by solvent extraction, the asphalt therein , blending resultant asphalt depleted fraction with a lighter fraction, E.G., a vacuum gas oil, and then subjecting the blend to a conventional catalytic hydrogenation step prior to thermal cracking. The hydrogenate may be separated into fractions with the heavy fraction only being thermally cracked.

  18. Design and Analysis of High Speed Pumps (Conception et analyse des pompes a grande vitesse) (CD-ROM)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    for more compact and lighter pumps has led to an increased rotational speed up to the point where cavitation and rotordynamics become a major issue. The...better insight into the real flow in pump impellers. Rotordynamic problems and their impact on seals and bearings are discussed in detail, including the

  19. 16 CFR 1212.17 - Recordkeeping and reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... demonstration, the dates of the tests, the data required by § 1212.4(d), the actual surrogate lighters tested... surrogates, and the other information required in this subsection for qualifications tests, shall be kept in..., (3) A description of the qualification testing, including a description of the surrogate...

  20. 16 CFR 1212.17 - Recordkeeping and reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... demonstration, the dates of the tests, the data required by § 1212.4(d), the actual surrogate lighters tested... surrogates, and the other information required in this subsection for qualifications tests, shall be kept in..., (3) A description of the qualification testing, including a description of the surrogate...

  1. 16 CFR 1212.17 - Recordkeeping and reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... demonstration, the dates of the tests, the data required by § 1212.4(d), the actual surrogate lighters tested... surrogates, and the other information required in this subsection for qualifications tests, shall be kept in..., (3) A description of the qualification testing, including a description of the surrogate...

  2. 16 CFR 1212.17 - Recordkeeping and reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... demonstration, the dates of the tests, the data required by § 1212.4(d), the actual surrogate lighters tested... surrogates, and the other information required in this subsection for qualifications tests, shall be kept in..., (3) A description of the qualification testing, including a description of the surrogate...

  3. 16 CFR 1212.17 - Recordkeeping and reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... demonstration, the dates of the tests, the data required by § 1212.4(d), the actual surrogate lighters tested... surrogates, and the other information required in this subsection for qualifications tests, shall be kept in..., (3) A description of the qualification testing, including a description of the surrogate...

  4. Ruling Out Bacillus anthracis

    PubMed Central

    Papaparaskevas, Joseph; Houhoula, Dimitra P.; Papadimitriou, Maria; Saroglou, Georgios; Legakis, Nicholas J.

    2004-01-01

    Optimization of methods for ruling out Bacillus anthracis leads to increased yields, faster turnaround times, and a lighter workload. We used 72 environmental non–B. anthracis bacilli to validate methods for ruling out B. anthracis. Most effective were horse blood agar, motility testing after a 2-h incubation in trypticase soy broth, and screening with a B. anthracis–selective agar. PMID:15200872

  5. Contextual Variability in American English Dark-L

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oxley, Judith; Roussel, Nancye; Buckingham, Hugh

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a four-subject study that examines the relative influence of syllable position and stress, together with vowel context on the colouring of the dark-l characteristic of speakers of General American English. Most investigators report lighter /l/ tokens in syllable onsets and darker tokens in coda positions. The present study…

  6. 19 CFR 112.27 - Marking of vehicles and vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... every barge, scow, or other lighter licensed by Customs for lighterage shall be marked with the legend... abbreviated legend “C.H.L. No. ____” may be used. (b) Size of marking. The marking required by this section... licensed cartman shall be marked with the required legend and name on each side by painting directly...

  7. 33 CFR 156.330 - Operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... be conducted in accordance with the Oil Companies International Marine Forum Ship to Ship Transfer... OIL AND HAZARDOUS MATERIAL TRANSFER OPERATIONS Lightering Zones and Operational Requirements for the... should be conducted in accordance with the International Chamber of Shipping Guide to...

  8. 33 CFR 156.330 - Operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... be conducted in accordance with the Oil Companies International Marine Forum Ship to Ship Transfer... OIL AND HAZARDOUS MATERIAL TRANSFER OPERATIONS Lightering Zones and Operational Requirements for the... should be conducted in accordance with the International Chamber of Shipping Guide to...

  9. 33 CFR 156.330 - Operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... be conducted in accordance with the Oil Companies International Marine Forum Ship to Ship Transfer... OIL AND HAZARDOUS MATERIAL TRANSFER OPERATIONS Lightering Zones and Operational Requirements for the... should be conducted in accordance with the International Chamber of Shipping Guide to...

  10. 33 CFR 156.330 - Operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... be conducted in accordance with the Oil Companies International Marine Forum Ship to Ship Transfer... OIL AND HAZARDOUS MATERIAL TRANSFER OPERATIONS Lightering Zones and Operational Requirements for the... should be conducted in accordance with the International Chamber of Shipping Guide to...

  11. 33 CFR 156.330 - Operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... be conducted in accordance with the Oil Companies International Marine Forum Ship to Ship Transfer... OIL AND HAZARDOUS MATERIAL TRANSFER OPERATIONS Lightering Zones and Operational Requirements for the... should be conducted in accordance with the International Chamber of Shipping Guide to...

  12. 16 CFR 1210.12 - Certificate of compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... manufacture. (c) Labeling. The manufacturer or importer must label each lighter with the following information... days (§ 1210.17(a)), and the information required by § 1210.17(b) to be provided to the Commission's Division of Regulatory Management has been provided. (b) Certificate of compliance. A certificate...

  13. Boron--epoxy tubular structure members

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shakespeare, W. B. J.; Nelson, P. T.; Lindkvist, E. C.

    1973-01-01

    Composite materials fabricate thin-walled tubular members which have same load-carrying capabilities as aluminum, titanium, or other metals, but are lighter. Interface between stepped end fitting and tube lends itself to attachments by primary as well as secondary bonding. Interlaminar shear and hoop stress buildup in attachment at end fitting is avoided.

  14. Antifrictionizing. the metamorphosis of the American automobile

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-07-01

    The redesign of automobiles over the past several years has presented many challenging problems in the reduction of friction. Today's cars are generally smaller and lighter, feature modified shape, and the engines operate with greater efficiency. Efforts of auto manufacturers to lessen friction as the car moves through the air and to reduce engine friction are discussed.

  15. The Big Mac Attack.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bushweller, Kevin

    1995-01-01

    Schools are increasingly turning to fast-food restaurants such as Taco Bell, McDonald's, and Pizza Hut to fill the stomachs of kids turned off by standard school lunches. Kids are delighted, but critics say fast-food infiltration of school cafeterias encourages poor nutrition. Schools might consider adopting lighter fast-food fare or starting…

  16. Old Flames and New Beacons: The Luminosity of Online Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNulty, Ray

    2013-01-01

    A few years ago, the author saw a video of a pop concert. It looked just like concerts of his youth: a well-lit stage amid a darkened crowd flecked with small wavering lights. He laughed when he realized, however, that the swaying glow was coming not from cigarette lighters but from LCD screens. This juxtaposition of old flames and new beacons…

  17. 49 CFR 803.1 - Description.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... follows: An American bald eagle with wings displayed, holding in his dexter (right) talon an olive branch... color, the background is white. The wings, the body, and the upper portion of the legs of the eagle are... the eagle's beak. The arrows and the olive branch are a lighter shade of gold. The red and blue of...

  18. Experimental investigation of the physical properties of medium and heavy oils, their vaporization and use in explosion engines. Part IV

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Heinlein, Fritz

    1926-01-01

    This report presents a theoretical treatment of the vaporization process of medium and heavy oils. The results of this investigation, which were mostly obtained from the lighter components of the heavy fuels, require a 10- or 16-fold vaporization in comparison with gasoline. We must attain a still finer degree of atomization, in order to include the heavier components.

  19. Substratum choice for nesting in male Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus.

    PubMed

    Mendonça, F Z; Volpato, G L; Costa-Ferreira, R S; Gonçalves-de-Freitas, E

    2010-10-01

    Four substrata were offered to groups of adult Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (one male and two females) simultaneously: pure sand, a mixture of sand and shells, stones and no substratum. The results showed that males chose to dig nests in a lighter and more homogeneous substratum.

  20. Use of Electroplated Chromium in Gun Barrels

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-01

    Temperature; oF S t r e s s R e t a i n e d ; % 50% swage 75% swage Residual stress retained following 2 hr furnace heating of 120mm M256 gun barrels... Swage Autofrettage LARGE CALIBER GUN BARREL STRENGTH Coating Process Temperature Limitations Autofrettage allows gun barrels to be lighter and

  1. Method for hydrocracking a heavy polynuclear hydrocarbonaceous feedstock in the presence of a molten metal halide catalyst

    DOEpatents

    Gorin, Everett

    1981-01-01

    A method for hydrocracking a heavy polynuclear hydrocarbonaceous feedstock to produce lighter hydrocarbon fuels by contacting the feedstock with hydrogen in the presence of a molten metal halide catalyst, the method comprising: mixing the feedstock with a heavy naphtha fraction which has an initial boiling point from about 100.degree. to about 160.degree. C. with a boiling point difference between the initial boiling point and the final boiling point of no more than about 50.degree. C. to produce a mixture; thereafter contacting the mixture with partially spent molten metal halide and hydrogen under temperature and pressure conditions so that the temperature is near the critical temperature of the heavy naphtha fraction; separating at least a portion of the heavy naphtha fraction and lighter hydrocarbon fuels from the partially spent molten metal halide, unreacted feedstock and reaction products; thereafter contacting the partially spent molten metal halide, unreacted feedstock and reaction products with hydrogen and fresh molten metal halide in a hydrocracking zone to produce additional lighter hydrocarbon fuels and separating at least a major portion of the lighter hydrocarbon fuels from the spent molten metal halide.

  2. From soilscapes to landscapes: A landscape-oriented approach to simulate soil organic carbon dynamics in intensively managed landscapes

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Most available biogeochemical models focus within a soil profile and cannot adequately resolve contributions of the lighter size fractions of organic rich soils for Enrichment Ratio (ER) estimates, thereby causing unintended errors in Soil Organic Carbon (SOC) storage predictions. These models set E...

  3. 46 CFR 154.1345 - Gas detection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... detector; (iii) If the vessel carries cargo that is heavier than the atmosphere of the space, each tube's... atmosphere of the space, each tube's open end in the upper part of the space; (v) If the vessel carries cargo that is heavier than the atmosphere of the space and another cargo that is lighter than the...

  4. 46 CFR 154.1345 - Gas detection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... detector; (iii) If the vessel carries cargo that is heavier than the atmosphere of the space, each tube's... atmosphere of the space, each tube's open end in the upper part of the space; (v) If the vessel carries cargo that is heavier than the atmosphere of the space and another cargo that is lighter than the...

  5. Cr-Bearing Inclusions in IVA Irons: Implication for Cr and Volatile Behaviors in the Metallic Cores

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Isa, J.; McKeegan, K. D.; Wasson, J. T.

    2015-07-01

    We found inclusions that contribute to bulk Cr concentrations and found fO2 or fS2 changes during crystallization. O-isotope compositions of chromite are mass-dependently lighter than other IVA oxides. Also, we discovered a new mineral MnCr2S4.

  6. Cosmic ray isotopes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stone, E. C.

    1973-01-01

    The isotopic composition of cosmic rays is studied in order to develop the relationship between cosmic rays and stellar processes. Cross section and model calculations are reported on isotopes of H, He, Be, Al and Fe. Satellite instrument measuring techniques separate only the isotopes of the lighter elements.

  7. 16 CFR Appendix A to Part 1212 - Findings Under the Consumer Product Safety Act

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... and injury from accidental fires started by children playing with multi-purpose lighters. The Commission has identified 196 fires that occurred from 1995 through 1998 that were started by children under... children under age 5 are those which the standard would most effectively reduce. B. The approximate...

  8. 7 CFR 51.1913 - Serious damage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Serious damage. 51.1913 Section 51.1913 Agriculture... Consumer Standards for Fresh Tomatoes Definitions § 51.1913 Serious damage. Serious damage means any defect... diameter on a tomato 21/2 inches in diameter, or lighter colored, shallow scars covering a greater...

  9. Microelectronics/electronic packaging potential

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sandeau, R. F.

    1977-01-01

    The trend toward smaller and lighter electronic packages was examined. It is suggested that electronic packaging engineers and microelectronic designers closely associate and give full attention to optimization of both disciplines on all product lines. Extensive research and development work underway to explore innovative ideas and make new inroads into the technology base, is expected to satisfy the demands of the 1980's.

  10. Double-Poppet Valve

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Huber, W. C.

    1984-01-01

    New valve design includes two poppet/seat combinations actuated simultaneously. If one fails, other continues to seal against fluid flow. Valve primarily useful for handling dangerous fluids and lighter and more compact than comparable redundant-valve systems used at present.

  11. WOW! Windows on the Wild: A Biodiversity Primer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braus, Judy, Ed.; And Others

    Windows on the Wild is an environmental education program of the World Wildlife Fund. This issue of WOW! focuses on biodiversity. Topics include: an interview with one of the world's leading experts on biodiversity; the lighter side of biodiversity through comics and cartoons; a species-scape that compares the number of species on the planet;…

  12. Federal Catalog System Policy Manual

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-03-01

    Flat, and Wire Springs DISC KZ B 5365 Rings, Shims, and Spacers DISC KZ B 5410 Prefabricated and Portable Buildings DCSC AX B 5411 Rigid Wall...exclusive of procurement DPSC CY A cf laminated iloth used in the repair of lighter than air envelopes) 8310 Yarn and Thread DPSC CY A 8315 Notions and

  13. Protons and light fragments in Ar+KCl at 1.76 AGeV measured with HADES

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schuldes, Heidi; Lorenz, Manuel; HADES-Collaboration

    2015-04-01

    We present transverse momentum spectra, rapidity distributions and multiplicities of protons, deuterons and tritons measured with the High Acceptance DiElectronSpectrometer HADES in the reaction Ar(1.76A GeV)+KCl. This completes the HADES data set measured in this reaction, comprising dielectronsand various lighter hadrons.

  14. Developments in Ultra-Stable Quartz Oscillators for Deep Space Reliability

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-12-01

    the TRANSIT satellite navigation program and continuing with the New Horizons interplanetary mission to the Pluto -Charon system, JHU/APL has...lighter version of this USO is being fabricated for use in the New Horizons mission to the Pluto -Charon system and is scheduled to launch in January of

  15. 16 CFR 1210.18 - Refusal of importation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Refusal of importation. 1210.18 Section 1210.18 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Certification Requirements § 1210.18 Refusal of importation....

  16. Population-Based Evaluation of the "Livelighter" Healthy Weight and Lifestyle Mass Media Campaign

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morley, B.; Niven, P.; Dixon, H.; Swanson, M.; Szybiak, M.; Shilton, T.; Pratt, I. S.; Slevin, T.; Hill, D.; Wakefield, M.

    2016-01-01

    The Western Australian (WA) "LiveLighter" (LL) mass media campaign ran during June-August and September-October 2012. The principal campaign ad graphically depicts visceral fat of an overweight individual ("why" change message), whereas supporting ads demonstrate simple changes to increase activity and eat healthier…

  17. U.S. Marine Corps Air Facility, Santa Ana, California hangers no. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    U.S. Marine Corps Air Facility, Santa Ana, California hangers no. 1&2-building no. 28 &29. Drawing no. PW-66-044 - Marine Corps Air Station Tustin, Northern Lighter Than Air Ship Hangar, Meffett Avenue & Maxfield Street, Tustin, Orange County, CA

  18. 19 CFR 125.32 - Merchandise delivered to a bonded store or bonded warehouse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... warehouse. 125.32 Section 125.32 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... Merchandise delivered to a bonded store or bonded warehouse. When merchandise is carried, carted or lightered to and received in a bonded store or bonded warehouse, the proprietor or his representative...

  19. 30 CFR 100.5 - Determination of penalty amount; special assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... miner who willfully violates the mandatory safety standards relating to smoking or the carrying of smoking materials, matches, or lighters shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than $375 for each... could have been expected to cause, death or serious bodily injury.”...

  20. 30 CFR 100.5 - Determination of penalty amount; special assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... miner who willfully violates the mandatory safety standards relating to smoking or the carrying of smoking materials, matches, or lighters shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than $375 for each... could have been expected to cause, death or serious bodily injury.”...

  1. 30 CFR 100.5 - Determination of penalty amount; special assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... miner who willfully violates the mandatory safety standards relating to smoking or the carrying of smoking materials, matches, or lighters shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than $375 for each... could have been expected to cause, death or serious bodily injury.”...

  2. 30 CFR 100.5 - Determination of penalty amount; special assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... miner who willfully violates the mandatory safety standards relating to smoking or the carrying of smoking materials, matches, or lighters shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than $375 for each... could have been expected to cause, death or serious bodily injury.”...

  3. 16 CFR 1210.5 - Findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... designed to eliminate or reduce. The standard is designed to reduce the risk of death and injury from accidental fires started by children playing with lighters. From 1988 to 1990, an estimated 160 deaths per year resulted from such fires. About 150 of these deaths, plus nearly 1,100 injuries and nearly...

  4. 16 CFR 1210.5 - Findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... designed to eliminate or reduce. The standard is designed to reduce the risk of death and injury from accidental fires started by children playing with lighters. From 1988 to 1990, an estimated 160 deaths per year resulted from such fires. About 150 of these deaths, plus nearly 1,100 injuries and nearly...

  5. 16 CFR 1210.5 - Findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... designed to eliminate or reduce. The standard is designed to reduce the risk of death and injury from accidental fires started by children playing with lighters. From 1988 to 1990, an estimated 160 deaths per year resulted from such fires. About 150 of these deaths, plus nearly 1,100 injuries and nearly...

  6. 30 CFR 100.5 - Determination of penalty amount; special assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... miner who willfully violates the mandatory safety standards relating to smoking or the carrying of smoking materials, matches, or lighters shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than $375 for each... could have been expected to cause, death or serious bodily injury.”...

  7. 16 CFR 1210.13 - Certification tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Certification tests. 1210.13 Section 1210.13... STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Certification Requirements § 1210.13 Certification tests. (a) General. As... reasonable testing programs shall include qualification tests, which must be performed on surrogates of...

  8. 16 CFR 1212.13 - Certification tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Certification tests. 1212.13 Section 1212.13... STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Certification Requirements § 1212.13 Certification tests. (a) General... include: (A) Qualification tests, which must be performed on surrogates of each model of...

  9. An Evaluation of Ecotoxicity Test Guidelines: Their Adequacy for Nanomaterials

    EPA Science Inventory

    Advances in nanotechnology are resulting in the production of new nanomaterials at a rapid pace. Driving the dramatic development of new materials and products is the prospect of stronger and lighter materials, better and more efficient energy systems, potential tremendous benefi...

  10. Engineered Nanomaterial Ecological Effects Research within ORD's National Health and Environmental Effects Laboratory

    EPA Science Inventory

    Advances in nanotechnology are resulting in the production of new nanomaterials at a rapid pace. Driving the dramatic development of new materials and products is the prospect of stronger and lighter materials, better and more efficient energy systems, potential tremendous benefi...

  11. The Role of Unmanned Aerial Systems/Sensors in Air Quality Research

    EPA Science Inventory

    The use of unmanned aerial systems (UASs) for a variety of scientific and security purposes has rapidly increased. UASs include aerostats (tethered balloons) and remotely controlled, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) including lighter-than-air vessels, fixed wing airplanes, and he...

  12. Reliable low-cost battery voltage indicator for light aircraft and automobiles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miller, R. L.

    1973-01-01

    Voltage indicator fits into cigarette lighter socket and utilizes light emitting and Zener diodes to display three levels of battery voltage. Indicator is superior to typical conventional electrical system indicators in that it gives a positive discrete indication of battery voltage. It is simple, inexpensive, and rugged.

  13. 16 CFR 1210.18 - Refusal of importation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Refusal of importation. 1210.18 Section 1210.18 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Certification Requirements § 1210.18 Refusal of importation....

  14. An inexpensive vehicle speed detector

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Broussard, P., Jr.

    1973-01-01

    Low-power minicomputer can plug into automobile cigarette lighter. It measures time it takes observed car to travel premeasured distance and provides immediate readout of speed. Potentially, detector could be manufactured for less than $200 per unit and would have very low maintenance cost.

  15. 30 CFR 56.6502 - Safety fuse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Explosives Nonelectric Blasting § 56... purpose. Carbide lights, liquefied petroleum gas torches, and cigarette lighters shall not be used...

  16. 30 CFR 56.6502 - Safety fuse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Explosives Nonelectric Blasting § 56... purpose. Carbide lights, liquefied petroleum gas torches, and cigarette lighters shall not be used...

  17. 30 CFR 56.6502 - Safety fuse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Explosives Nonelectric Blasting § 56... purpose. Carbide lights, liquefied petroleum gas torches, and cigarette lighters shall not be used...

  18. 30 CFR 56.6502 - Safety fuse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Explosives Nonelectric Blasting § 56... purpose. Carbide lights, liquefied petroleum gas torches, and cigarette lighters shall not be used...

  19. 14 CFR 61.45 - Practical tests: Required aircraft and equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... the U.S. Armed Forces; (B) The aircraft is airworthy under the maintenance standards of the U.S. Armed Forces; and (C) The applicant has a letter from his or her commanding officer authorizing the use of the.... Except for lighter-than-air aircraft, and a glider without an engine, an aircraft used for a...

  20. 78 FR 45558 - Western Gulf of Mexico Planning Area (WPA) Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Oil and Gas Lease Sale...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-29

    ... United States of America that addresses identification and unitization of transboundary hydrocarbon... Hydrocarbon Reservoirs in the Gulf of Mexico V. Information to Lessees The Information to Lessees (ITL...-to-Reefs (4) Lightering Zones (5) Indicated Hydrocarbons List (6) Military Areas (7) Safety Zones...

  1. Stoichiometric Experiments with Alkane Combustion: A Classroom Demonstration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhilin, Denis M.

    2012-01-01

    A simple, effective demonstration of the concept of limiting and excess reagent is presented. Mixtures of either air/methane (from a gas line) or air/butane (from a disposable cigarette lighter) contained in a plastic 2 L soda bottles are ignited. The mixtures combust readily when air/fuel ratios are stoichiometric, but not at a 2-fold excess of…

  2. Air Force Research Laboratory Success Stories : A Review of 2004

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-01-01

    Materials Experts Develop Inspection Kit for Combat Training Pod Nose Cones ............................................................. 37 AFRL...40 Advancements In Gap Treatment Materials Point to Improved Stealth Aircraft Maintainability ....................................... 41 Continued on...to build a single-piece diffusing duct using 100% composite material without fasteners. The resulting duct is lighter, stronger, and easier to

  3. Direct Global Measurements of Tropspheric Winds Employing a Simplified Coherent Laser Radar using Fully Scalable Technology and Technique

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kavaya, Michael J.; Spiers, Gary D.; Lobl, Elena S.; Rothermel, Jeff; Keller, Vernon W.

    1996-01-01

    Innovative designs of a space-based laser remote sensing 'wind machine' are presented. These designs seek compatibility with the traditionally conflicting constraints of high scientific value and low total mission cost. Mission cost is reduced by moving to smaller, lighter, more off-the-shelf instrument designs which can be accommodated on smaller launch vehicles.

  4. 46 CFR 39.40-3 - Design and equipment for vapor balancing-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Design and equipment for vapor balancing-TB/ALL. 39.40-3... Lightering and Topping-Off Operations with Vapor Balancing § 39.40-3 Design and equipment for vapor balancing... a vessel discharging cargo are not inerted, the vapor collection line on the service vessel must...

  5. 46 CFR 39.40-3 - Design and equipment for vapor balancing-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Design and equipment for vapor balancing-TB/ALL. 39.40-3... Lightering and Topping-Off Operations with Vapor Balancing § 39.40-3 Design and equipment for vapor balancing... a vessel discharging cargo are not inerted, the vapor collection line on the service vessel must...

  6. 46 CFR 39.40-3 - Design and equipment for vapor balancing-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Design and equipment for vapor balancing-TB/ALL. 39.40-3... Lightering and Topping-Off Operations with Vapor Balancing § 39.40-3 Design and equipment for vapor balancing... a vessel discharging cargo are not inerted, the vapor collection line on the service vessel must...

  7. Where Do We Go from Here?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raban, Colin; Cairns, David

    2015-01-01

    In June 2015, the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) proposed a lighter touch quality assessment regime that would place greater reliance on institutions' own governance arrangements. In July 2015 the Minister for Higher Education announced a Teaching Excellence Framework (TEF) parts of which appear inconsistent with HEFCE's…

  8. Alternative battery systems for transportation uses

    ScienceCinema

    Michael Thackeray

    2016-07-12

    Argonne Distinguished Fellow Michael Thackeray highlights the need for alternative battery systems for transportation uses. Such systems will not only need to be smaller, lighter and more energy dense, but also able to make electric vehicles more competitive with internal combustion engine vehicles.

  9. 16 CFR 1212.1 - Scope, application, and effective date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Scope, application, and effective date. 1212.1 Section 1212.1 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance § 1212.1...

  10. 16 CFR 1210.5 - Findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Findings. 1210.5 Section 1210.5 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child Resistance § 1210.5 Findings. Section 9(f) of the Consumer...

  11. 16 CFR 1210.5 - Findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Findings. 1210.5 Section 1210.5 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child Resistance § 1210.5 Findings. Section 9(f) of the Consumer...

  12. 16 CFR 1212.1 - Scope, application, and effective date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Scope, application, and effective date. 1212.1 Section 1212.1 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance § 1212.1...

  13. 16 CFR 1210.1 - Scope, application, and effective date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Scope, application, and effective date. 1210.1 Section 1210.1 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child Resistance § 1210.1...

  14. 16 CFR 1212.5 - Findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Findings. 1212.5 Section 1212.5 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance § 1212.5 Findings. (a) Before issuing a...

  15. 16 CFR 1212.5 - Findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Findings. 1212.5 Section 1212.5 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance § 1212.5 Findings. (a) Before issuing a...

  16. 16 CFR 1210.1 - Scope, application, and effective date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Scope, application, and effective date. 1210.1 Section 1210.1 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child Resistance § 1210.1...

  17. Applying a System-of-Systems Engineering Perspective to Current and Future Army Acquisitions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    Figure 12. ASAALT Acquisition Chart (from Carroll 2015) ...........................................62 x THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK xi LIST...of the Abrams tank with equivalent firepower (Congressional Budget Office [CBO] 2006). The infantry carrier vehicle (ICV) would replace the Bradley ...fighting vehicle and M113 personnel carriers. The ICV would also be lighter and faster than the Bradley with increased firepower. Similarly, the non

  18. Applying a System-of-Systems Engineering Perspective to Current and Future Army Acquisitions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    ASAALT Acquisition Chart (from Carroll 2015) ...........................................62 x THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK xi LIST OF...Abrams tank with equivalent firepower (Congressional Budget Office [CBO] 2006). The infantry carrier vehicle (ICV) would replace the Bradley ...fighting vehicle and M113 personnel carriers. The ICV would also be lighter and faster than the Bradley with increased firepower. Similarly, the non- line

  19. 40 CFR 61.18 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Gasoline by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved September 30, 1986, for § 61.67(h)(1). (6) ASTM D2359-85a, 93... in C3 and Lighter Hydrocarbon Products by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved June 6, 1984 for § 61.245... D4420-94, Standard Test Method for Determination of Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas...

  20. 40 CFR 61.18 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Gasoline by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved September 30, 1986, for § 61.67(h)(1). (6) ASTM D2359-85a, 93... in C3 and Lighter Hydrocarbon Products by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved June 6, 1984 for § 61.245... D4420-94, Standard Test Method for Determination of Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas...

  1. 40 CFR 60.17 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Gas Chromatography, IBR approved for § 60.45(f)(5)(i). (29) ASTM D1946-77, 90 (Reapproved 1994), Standard Method for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved for §§ 60.18(f)(3), 60.45... and Lighter Hydrocarbon Products by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved for §§ 60.485(g)(5) and...

  2. 40 CFR 61.18 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Gasoline by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved September 30, 1986, for § 61.67(h)(1). (6) ASTM D2359-85a, 93... in C3 and Lighter Hydrocarbon Products by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved June 6, 1984 for § 61.245... D4420-94, Standard Test Method for Determination of Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas...

  3. 40 CFR 61.18 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Gasoline by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved September 30, 1986, for § 61.67(h)(1). (6) ASTM D2359-85a, 93... in C3 and Lighter Hydrocarbon Products by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved June 6, 1984 for § 61.245... D4420-94, Standard Test Method for Determination of Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas...

  4. 40 CFR 61.18 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Gasoline by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved September 30, 1986, for § 61.67(h)(1). (6) ASTM D2359-85a, 93... in C3 and Lighter Hydrocarbon Products by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved June 6, 1984 for § 61.245... D4420-94, Standard Test Method for Determination of Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas...

  5. 40 CFR 60.17 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Gas Chromatography, IBR approved for § 60.45(f)(5)(i). (29) ASTM D1946-77, 90 (Reapproved 1994), Standard Method for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved for §§ 60.18(f)(3), 60.45... and Lighter Hydrocarbon Products by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved for §§ 60.485(g)(5) and...

  6. Internal Quality Assurance Systems in Portugal: What Their Strengths and Weaknesses Reveal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tavares, Orlanda; Sin, Cristina; Amaral, Alberto

    2016-01-01

    In Portugal, the agency for assessment and accreditation of higher education has recently included in its remit, beyond programme accreditation, the certification of internal quality assurance systems. This implies lighter touch accreditation and aims to direct institutions towards improvement, in addition to accountability. Twelve institutions…

  7. On the Estimation of Shipping Densities from Observed Data

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-04-01

    which C(i, j) 5 0 are defined. Thus D is an incomplete matrix, The problem is then to estimate the ve --tor D. D = (D(l),...D(N)) from the matrices C...had radar difficulties. The time period of interest was November; thus, August shipping densities were scaled to reflect the lighter traffic in that

  8. 16 CFR 1212.5 - Findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Findings. 1212.5 Section 1212.5 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance § 1212.5 Findings. (a) Before issuing a...

  9. 16 CFR 1212.1 - Scope, application, and effective date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Scope, application, and effective date. 1212.1 Section 1212.1 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance § 1212.1...

  10. 16 CFR 1212.5 - Findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Findings. 1212.5 Section 1212.5 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance § 1212.5 Findings. (a) Before issuing a...

  11. 16 CFR 1212.5 - Findings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Findings. 1212.5 Section 1212.5 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance § 1212.5 Findings. (a) Before issuing a...

  12. 16 CFR 1212.1 - Scope, application, and effective date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Scope, application, and effective date. 1212.1 Section 1212.1 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance § 1212.1...

  13. 16 CFR 1210.1 - Scope, application, and effective date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Scope, application, and effective date. 1210.1 Section 1210.1 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child Resistance § 1210.1...

  14. 16 CFR 1212.1 - Scope, application, and effective date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Scope, application, and effective date. 1212.1 Section 1212.1 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child-Resistance § 1212.1...

  15. 16 CFR 1210.1 - Scope, application, and effective date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Scope, application, and effective date. 1210.1 Section 1210.1 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child Resistance § 1210.1...

  16. 16 CFR 1210.1 - Scope, application, and effective date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Scope, application, and effective date. 1210.1 Section 1210.1 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Requirements for Child Resistance § 1210.1...

  17. Federal Aviation Administration Aviation Education Teacher's Guide, [Grades] 4-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Aviation Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

    This guide is one in a series of four resource guides specifically designed for those interested in aviation education. Activities and lessons that can be used in a variety of content areas and grade levels are featured. Grades 4-6 are the focus of this guide, which is organized under the broad topics of properties of air, lighter than air flight,…

  18. Private and Commercial Pilot: Ligher-Than-Air Airship. Flight Test Guide. (Part 61 Revised).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Aviation Administration (DOT), Washington, DC. Flight Standards Service.

    The flight test guide assists the applicant and his instructor in preparing for the flight test for the Private or Commercial Pilot Certificate with a Lighter-Than-Air Category and Airship Class Rating under Part 61 (revised) of Federal Aviation Regulations. It contains information and guidance concerning pilot operations, procedures, and…

  19. Recent measurements of the B hadron lifetime

    SciTech Connect

    Ong, R.A.

    1987-12-01

    Recent measurements of the B hadron lifetime from PEP and PETRA experiments are presented. These measurements firmly establish that the B lifetime is long (approx.1 psec), implying that the mixing between the third generation of quarks and the lighter quarks is much weaker that the mixing between the first two generations.

  20. 30 CFR 56.6502 - Safety fuse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... purpose. Carbide lights, liquefied petroleum gas torches, and cigarette lighters shall not be used to light safety fuse. (h) At least two persons shall be present when lighting safety fuse, and no one shall light more than 15 individual fuses. If more than 15 holes per person are to be fired,...

  1. 30 CFR 57.6502 - Safety fuse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... with devices designed for that purpose. Carbide lights, liquefied petroleum gas torches, and cigarette lighters shall not be used to light safety fuse. (h) At least two persons shall be present when lighting safety fuse, and no one shall light more than 15 individual fuses. If more than 15 holes per person...

  2. Gravity Compensation Technique Uses Small dc Motor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hollow, Richard

    1988-01-01

    Small dc servomotor powered by simple constant-current source and with suitable gearing used to cancel effect of gravity upon load. Lead-screw positioning system has load counterbalanced by small supplementary motor powered by constant current source. Motor lighter and more compact alternative to counterbalance. Used in variety of mechanical systems where load positioned or accelerated in vertical plane.

  3. Interactive Web-Based and Hands-On Engineering Education: A Freshman Aerospace Design Course at MIT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newman, Dava J.

    "Introduction to Aerospace and Design" is a 3-hour per week freshman elective course at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) that culminates in a Lighter-Than-Air (LTA) vehicle design competition, exposing freshmen to the excitement of aerospace engineering design typically taught in the junior or senior years. In addition to the…

  4. Gender Differences in Effects of Mood on Body Image.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barber, Nigel

    2001-01-01

    Investigated the relationship between experimental mood alteration and body image among college students who experienced mood induction by reading self-descriptive statements. Analysis of participant responses indicated that the more elated they felt, the lighter they felt, regardless of gender. However, the manipulation did not alter body ideal…

  5. 7 CFR 944.31 - Avocado import maturity regulation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., except that no such avocados shall be over 2 ounces lighter than the minimum weight specified for the... consumption by charitable institutions, distribution by relief agencies, seed, or commercial processing into... imported for consumption by charitable institutions, distribution by relief agencies, seed, or...

  6. An Object-Oriented Logistics over the Shore Simulation: An Aid in Throughput Estimation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-09-01

    21 C. SHIPS ............................................ 22 D. LIGHTERAGE CONTROL POINTS...OPDS is in place, the throughput is a known quantity and is easily controlled . C. PROBLEM A basic problem facing military planners and LOTS op...lighters wait in queues near the ship for an open discharge station. When a discharge station becomes available the Ship Lighterage Control Point (SLCP

  7. 49 CFR 175.8 - Exceptions for operator equipment and items of replacement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) Aerosols of Division 2.2 only (for dispensing of food products), alcoholic beverages, colognes, liquefied gas lighters, perfumes, and portable electronic devices containing lithium cells or batteries that... definition of a hazardous material (e.g., Division 2.2)....

  8. 76 FR 39048 - Special Regulations; Areas of the National Park System, Yellowstone National Park

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-05

    ... requirements beginning in 2004 that called for emission levels no greater than 120 grams per kilowatt hour (g/k... standards are called Tier 2 (for lighter-duty vehicles) or ``engine configuration certified'' (for heavier... snowcoaches will likely need to be retrofitted in order to comply. In February 2005 and 2006, the...

  9. 46 CFR 42.20-13 - Vessels without means of propulsion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Vessels without means of propulsion. 42.20-13 Section 42... FOREIGN VOYAGES BY SEA Freeboards § 42.20-13 Vessels without means of propulsion. (a) A lighter, barge, or other vessel without independent means of propulsion is assigned a freeboard in accordance with...

  10. 46 CFR 42.20-13 - Vessels without means of propulsion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Vessels without means of propulsion. 42.20-13 Section 42... FOREIGN VOYAGES BY SEA Freeboards § 42.20-13 Vessels without means of propulsion. (a) A lighter, barge, or other vessel without independent means of propulsion is assigned a freeboard in accordance with...

  11. 46 CFR 42.20-13 - Vessels without means of propulsion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Vessels without means of propulsion. 42.20-13 Section 42... FOREIGN VOYAGES BY SEA Freeboards § 42.20-13 Vessels without means of propulsion. (a) A lighter, barge, or other vessel without independent means of propulsion is assigned a freeboard in accordance with...

  12. 46 CFR 42.20-13 - Vessels without means of propulsion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Vessels without means of propulsion. 42.20-13 Section 42... FOREIGN VOYAGES BY SEA Freeboards § 42.20-13 Vessels without means of propulsion. (a) A lighter, barge, or other vessel without independent means of propulsion is assigned a freeboard in accordance with...

  13. 46 CFR 42.20-13 - Vessels without means of propulsion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Vessels without means of propulsion. 42.20-13 Section 42... FOREIGN VOYAGES BY SEA Freeboards § 42.20-13 Vessels without means of propulsion. (a) A lighter, barge, or other vessel without independent means of propulsion is assigned a freeboard in accordance with...

  14. USAF Food Habits Study. Part 3. Weight Gain and Food Preferences of the Overweight

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-10-01

    consistent with data reported by Meiselman (1977) who calculated a somatotype ponderal index for each of approximately 4000 military respondents who...using that somatotype ponderal index, the lighter respondents indicated a much greater preference for desserts and wanted them served more often

  15. Tethered Communication Satellites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Von Tiesenhausen, G.

    1986-01-01

    Report describes concept for placing several communication satellites in geostationary orbit without taking up more space than assigned to single satellite. Proposed scheme eases orbital crowding more economically than space platforms. Concept requires minimal redesign of existing satellites and accommodates many satellites in just one orbital slot. System much lighter in weight than geostationary platform and easier and more economical to transport.

  16. Inhalant Abuse. Research Report Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Institutes of Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.

    Although many parents are appropriately concerned about illicit drugs such as marijuana, cocaine, and LSD, they often ignore the dangers posed to their children from common household products such as glues, nail polish remover, lighter fluid, spray paints, deodorant and hair sprays, canned whipped cream, and cleaning fluids. Many young people…

  17. The Significance of Color Declines: A Re-Analysis of Skin Tone Differentials in Post-Civil Rights America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gullickson, Aaron

    2005-01-01

    Skin tone variation within the United States' black population has long been associated with intraracial stratification. Skin tone differentials in socioeconomic status reflect both the inherited privileges of a mulatto elite and contemporary preferences for lighter skin. Three influential studies have claimed that such differentials in…

  18. 47 CFR 87.319 - Scope of service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... types of operations: (a) Pilot training; (b) Coordination of soaring activities between gliders, tow aircraft and land stations; (c) Coordination of activities between free balloons or lighter-than-air... types of fuel and ground services available; and (e) Promotion of safety of life and property....

  19. 47 CFR 87.319 - Scope of service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... types of operations: (a) Pilot training; (b) Coordination of soaring activities between gliders, tow aircraft and land stations; (c) Coordination of activities between free balloons or lighter-than-air... types of fuel and ground services available; and (e) Promotion of safety of life and property....

  20. 47 CFR 87.319 - Scope of service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... types of operations: (a) Pilot training; (b) Coordination of soaring activities between gliders, tow aircraft and land stations; (c) Coordination of activities between free balloons or lighter-than-air... types of fuel and ground services available; and (e) Promotion of safety of life and property....

  1. New materials drive high-performance aircraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ruhmann, Douglas C.; Bates, William F., Jr.; Dexter, H. B.; June, Reid B.

    1992-01-01

    This report shows how advanced composite materials and new processing methods are enabling lighter, lower cost aircraft structures. High-temperature polymers research will focus on systems capable of 50,000 to 100,000 hours of operation in the 212-400 F temperature range. Prospective materials being evaluated include high-temperature epoxies, toughened bismaleimides, cyanates, thermoplastics, polyimides and other polymers.

  2. MSFC Combustion Devices in 2001

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dexter, Carol; Turner, James (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    The objectives of the project detailed in this viewgraph presentation were to reduce thrust assembly weights to create lighter engines and to increase the cycle life and/or operating temperatures. Information is given on material options (metal matrix composites and polymer matrix composites), ceramic matrix composites subscale liners, lightweight linear chambers, lightweight injector development, liquid/liquid preburner tasks, and vortex chamber tasks.

  3. COMPOUND-SPECIFIC ISOTOPE ANALYSIS OF MTBE AND TBA FOR BIOREMEDIATION STUDIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    The utility of stable isotope ratios to detect biodegradation for a number of chemical compounds including MTBE and TBA has been demonstrated in a number of laboratory or field studies. Chemical reactions tend to favor molecules with the lighter isotopic species (e.g., 12C, 1H), ...

  4. 33 CFR 110.140 - Buzzards Bay, Nantucket Sound, and adjacent waters, Mass.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Buzzards Bay, Nantucket Sound..., Nantucket Sound, and adjacent waters, Mass. Link to an amendment published at 76 FR 35744, June 20, 2011. (a... conduct lightering operations within these anchorages. (c) Vineyard and Nantucket Sounds—(1) Anchorage...

  5. Relativistic Effects and the Chemistry of the Heaviest Main-Group Elements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thayer, John S.

    2005-01-01

    The chemical properties of the heaviest main-group elements often show features not found in their lighter counterparts while relativistic effects play an important role in the chemistry of these elements. The unusual properties and their relation to relativistic effects with emphasis on the new research are emphasized.

  6. 75 FR 53678 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-01

    ... regulations to prescribe a reasonable testing program to support certificates of compliance with a consumer... prescribing requirements for a reasonable testing program to support certificates of compliance with the... description of each model of lighter, results of prototype qualification tests for compliance with...

  7. Metabolizable energy intake effects on carcass quality of steers finished in southern Chile during summer time

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A total of 24 red Angus steers (BW = 431.16 ± 10.44) were sorted by BW (lighter or heavier) and allocated in 4 pens (6 head/pen) equipped with a Calan Broadbent Feeding System (American Calan, USA) to assess the effect of metabolizable energy intake (MEI) on beef carcass quality during the summer ti...

  8. Metabolizable energy intake effects on tympanic temperature and ADG of steers finished in southern Chile during summer

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A total of 24 red Angus steers (BW = 431.16 ± 10.44) were used to assess the effect of metabolizable energy intake (MEI) on ADG and tympanic temperature (TT) during the summer time in southern Chile. Steers were sorted by BW (lighter or heavier) and allocated in 4 pens (6 head/pen) equipped with a C...

  9. Collaborative Awareness: Experiments with Tools for Battle Command

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-06-01

    differences in SAt levels predict battle outcome is quite remarkable. A lighter and more agile blue force wins to a large extent via its information...with a significant degree of accuracy, the plan that the red force is implementing. At H+38, Cheetah 6, the CAU 2 commander, states that the enemy

  10. 16 CFR 1210.18 - Refusal of importation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Refusal of importation. 1210.18 Section 1210.18 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Certification Requirements § 1210.18 Refusal of importation....

  11. 16 CFR 1210.18 - Refusal of importation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Refusal of importation. 1210.18 Section 1210.18 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Certification Requirements § 1210.18 Refusal of importation....

  12. Design of Multi-Order Diffractive THz Lenses

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-09-23

    determine lens parameters and performance. These lenses reduce both spherical and chromatic aberrations at harmonic wavelengths, and are thinner and...performance. These lenses reduce both spherical and chromatic aberrations at harmonic wavelengths, and are thinner and lighter than traditional refractive...refractive elements with at least one spherical surface. These lenses are thick and have several inherent optical aberrations . The search for a

  13. Birth in the Peruvian Andes: Physical and Behavioral Consequences in the Neonate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saco-Pollitt, Carmen

    1981-01-01

    Neonates born without complications to healthy mothers at 14,000 feet or at 490 feet above sea level were evaluated at 24-36- and 48-60-hours-of-life. In comparison with low-altitude infants, high-altitude infants were significantly lighter, shorter, had a smaller arm circumference, and presented more signs of behavioral immaturity in interactive…

  14. 14 CFR 61.129 - Aeronautical experience.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... an airship rating. A person who applies for a commercial pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category and airship class rating must log at least 200 hours of flight time as a pilot, which includes at least the following hours: (1) 50 hours in airships. (2) Thirty hours of pilot in command flight time...

  15. 14 CFR 61.133 - Commercial pilot privileges and limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... with a commercial pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category rating may— (i) For an airship—(A) Give flight and ground training in an airship for the issuance of a certificate or rating; (B) Give an endorsement for a pilot certificate with an airship rating; (C) Endorse a student pilot certificate or...

  16. 14 CFR 61.109 - Aeronautical experience.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... the month of the test. (g) For an airship rating. A person who applies for a private pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category and airship class rating must log at least: (1) 25 hours of flight training in airships on the areas of operation listed in § 61.107(b)(7) of this part, which consists of...

  17. 14 CFR 61.109 - Aeronautical experience.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... the month of the test. (g) For an airship rating. A person who applies for a private pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category and airship class rating must log at least: (1) 25 hours of flight training in airships on the areas of operation listed in § 61.107(b)(7) of this part, which consists of...

  18. 14 CFR 61.133 - Commercial pilot privileges and limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... with a commercial pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category rating may— (i) For an airship—(A) Give flight and ground training in an airship for the issuance of a certificate or rating; (B) Give an endorsement for a pilot certificate with an airship rating; (C) Endorse a student pilot certificate or...

  19. 14 CFR 61.129 - Aeronautical experience.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... an airship rating. A person who applies for a commercial pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category and airship class rating must log at least 200 hours of flight time as a pilot, which includes at least the following hours: (1) 50 hours in airships. (2) Thirty hours of pilot in command flight time...

  20. 14 CFR 61.129 - Aeronautical experience.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... an airship rating. A person who applies for a commercial pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category and airship class rating must log at least 200 hours of flight time as a pilot, which includes at least the following hours: (1) 50 hours in airships. (2) Thirty hours of pilot in command flight time...

  1. 14 CFR 61.411 - What aeronautical experience must I have to apply for a flight instructor certificate with a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... in a gyroplane that is a light-sport aircraft. (d) Lighter-than-air category and airship class privileges, (1) 100 hours of flight time as a pilot, (i) 40 hours of flight time in an airship,(ii) 20 hours of pilot in command time in an airship, (iii) 10 hours of cross-country flight time, (iv) 5 hours...

  2. 14 CFR 61.133 - Commercial pilot privileges and limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... with a commercial pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category rating may— (i) For an airship—(A) Give flight and ground training in an airship for the issuance of a certificate or rating; (B) Give an endorsement for a pilot certificate with an airship rating; (C) Endorse a student pilot certificate or...

  3. 14 CFR 61.129 - Aeronautical experience.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... an airship rating. A person who applies for a commercial pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category and airship class rating must log at least 200 hours of flight time as a pilot, which includes at least the following hours: (1) 50 hours in airships. (2) Thirty hours of pilot in command flight time...

  4. 14 CFR 61.411 - What aeronautical experience must I have to apply for a flight instructor certificate with a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... in a gyroplane that is a light-sport aircraft. (d) Lighter-than-air category and airship class privileges, (1) 100 hours of flight time as a pilot, (i) 40 hours of flight time in an airship,(ii) 20 hours of pilot in command time in an airship, (iii) 10 hours of cross-country flight time, (iv) 5 hours...

  5. 14 CFR 61.133 - Commercial pilot privileges and limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... with a commercial pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category rating may— (i) For an airship—(A) Give flight and ground training in an airship for the issuance of a certificate or rating; (B) Give an endorsement for a pilot certificate with an airship rating; (C) Endorse a student pilot certificate or...

  6. Defense Acquisitions: Future Aerostat and Airship Investment Decisions Drive Oversight and Coordination Needs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-01

    DEFENSE ACQUISITIONS Future Aerostat and Airship Investment Decisions Drive Oversight and Coordination Needs...Future Aerostat and Airship Investment Decisions Drive Oversight and Coordination Needs 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT...Future Aerostat and Airship Investment Decisions Drive Oversight and Coordination Needs Why GAO Did This Study Use of lighter-than-air platforms, such

  7. 14 CFR 61.109 - Aeronautical experience.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the month of the test. (g) For an airship rating. A person who applies for a private pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category and airship class rating must log at least: (1) 25 hours of flight training in airships on the areas of operation listed in § 61.107(b)(7) of this part, which consists of...

  8. 14 CFR 61.109 - Aeronautical experience.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... the month of the test. (g) For an airship rating. A person who applies for a private pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category and airship class rating must log at least: (1) 25 hours of flight training in airships on the areas of operation listed in § 61.107(b)(7) of this part, which consists of...

  9. 14 CFR 61.411 - What aeronautical experience must I have to apply for a flight instructor certificate with a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... in a gyroplane that is a light-sport aircraft. (d) Lighter-than-air category and airship class privileges, (1) 100 hours of flight time as a pilot, (i) 40 hours of flight time in an airship,(ii) 20 hours of pilot in command time in an airship, (iii) 10 hours of cross-country flight time, (iv) 5 hours...

  10. 14 CFR 61.109 - Aeronautical experience.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... the month of the test. (g) For an airship rating. A person who applies for a private pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category and airship class rating must log at least: (1) 25 hours of flight training in airships on the areas of operation listed in § 61.107(b)(7) of this part, which consists of...

  11. 14 CFR 61.133 - Commercial pilot privileges and limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... with a commercial pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air category rating may— (i) For an airship—(A) Give flight and ground training in an airship for the issuance of a certificate or rating; (B) Give an endorsement for a pilot certificate with an airship rating; (C) Endorse a student pilot certificate or...

  12. Changing sunlight to microwaves: A concept

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dickinson, R. M.

    1977-01-01

    Electromechanical device converts sunlight into microwave energy by direct process. Still in conceptual stage, device is expected to be lighter and more efficient (ninety percent conversion efficiency) than less-direct conversion systems that employ solar panels and magnetrons. Besides uses in satellites and spacecraft as microwave source, device has many terrestrial applications, including use in fuel-saving sun-powered microwave oven.

  13. The economics of Raramuri Criollo versus British crossbred cattle production in the Chihuahuan Desert

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Preliminary research indicates Raramuri Criollo cattle may range significantly further and forage in areas where traditional breeds rarely venture. They are thought to impose a lighter environmental footprint compared to their mainstream British crossbred counterparts. These small-frame animals are ...

  14. MICROELECTRONICS: Flip the Chip.

    PubMed

    Wong, C P; Luo, S; Zhang, Z

    2000-12-22

    As integrated circuit fabrication advances rapidly and the market for faster, lighter, smaller, yet less expensive electronic products accelerates, electronic packaging faces its own challenges. In this Perspective, Wong, Luo, and Zhang describe recent advances in flip chip packaging. This technology has many advantages over the conventional wire bonding technology and offers the possibility of low-cost electronic assembly for modern electronic products.

  15. Method for producing hydrocarbon fuels and fuel gas from heavy polynuclear hydrocarbons by the use of molten metal halide catalysts

    DOEpatents

    Gorin, Everett

    1979-01-01

    In a process for hydrocracking heavy polynuclear carbonaceous feedstocks to produce lighter hydrocarbon fuels by contacting the heavy feedstocks with hydrogen in the presence of a molten metal halide catalyst in a hydrocracking zone, thereafter separating at least a major portion of the lighter hydrocarbon fuels from the spent molten metal halide and thereafter regenerating the spent molten metal halide by incinerating the spent molten metal halide by combustion of carbon and sulfur compounds in the spent molten metal halide in an incineration zone, the improvement comprising: (a) contacting the heavy feedstocks and hydrogen in the presence of the molten metal halide in the hydrocracking zone at reaction conditions effective to convert from about 60 to about 90 weight percent of the feedstock to lighter hydrocarbon fuels; (b) separating at least a major portion of the lighter hydrocarbon fuels from the spent molten metal halide; (c) contacting the spent molten metal halide with oxygen in a liquid phase gasification zone at a temperature and pressure sufficient to vaporize from about 25 to about 75 weight percent of the spent metal halide, the oxygen being introduced in an amount sufficient to remove from about 60 to about 90 weight percent of the carbon contained in the spent molten metal halide to produce a fuel gas and regenerated metal halide; and (d) incinerating the spent molten metal halide by combusting carbon and sulfur compounds contained therein.

  16. 49 CFR 175.10 - Exceptions for passengers, crewmembers, and air operators.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... systems must be of a type that will not charge batteries when the consumer electronic device is not in use... medicinal and toilet articles for personal use (including aerosols) carried in carry-on and checked baggage... safety matches or a lighter intended for use by an individual when carried on one's person or in...

  17. JBFA-Buoyant Flight, Special Edition

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wada, C.; Terada, K.; Ishii, C.; Nagamatsu, K.; Makino, M.; Ichiyoshi, S.

    1982-01-01

    Progress in the project to traverse the Pacific Ocean by manned balloon is summarized. The development of a hybrid lighter than aircraft combining the buoyancy of a gas bag with the vertical lift off capabilities of the helicopter is also addressed.

  18. Ion acoustic solitons/double layers in two-ion plasma revisited

    SciTech Connect

    Lakhina, G. S. Singh, S. V. Kakad, A. P.

    2014-06-15

    Ion acoustic solitons and double layers are studied in a collisionless plasma consisting of cold heavier ion species, a warm lighter ion species, and hot electrons having Boltzmann distributions by Sagdeev pseudo-potential technique. In contrast to the previous results, no double layers and super-solitons are found when both the heavy and lighter ion species are treated as cold. Only the positive potential solitons are found in this case. When the thermal effects of the lighter ion species are included, in addition to the usual ion-acoustic solitons occurring at M > 1 (where the Mach number, M, is defined as the ratio of the speed of the solitary wave and the ion-acoustic speed considering temperature of hot electrons and mass of the heavier ion species), slow ion-acoustic solitons/double layers are found to occur at low Mach number (M < 1). The slow ion-acoustic mode is actually a new ion-ion hybrid acoustic mode which disappears when the normalized number density of lighter ion species tends to 1 (i.e., no heavier species). An interesting property of the new slow ion-acoustic mode is that at low number density of the lighter ion species, only negative potential solitons/double layers are found whereas for increasing densities there is a transition first to positive solitons/double layers, and then only positive solitons. The model can be easily applicable to the dusty plasmas having positively charged dust grains by replacing the heavier ion species by the dust mass and doing a simple normalization to take account of the dust charge.

  19. Effects of resisted sled towing on sprint kinematics in field-sport athletes.

    PubMed

    Lockie, Robert G; Murphy, Aron J; Spinks, Christopher D

    2003-11-01

    Weighted sled towing is a common resisted sprint training technique even though relatively little is known about the effects that such practice has on sprint kinematics. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of sled towing on acceleration sprint kinematics in field-sport athletes. Twenty men completed a series of sprints without resistance and with loads equating to 12.6 and 32.2% of body mass. Stride length was significantly reduced by approximately 10 and approximately 24% for each load, respectively. Stride frequency also decreased, but not to the extent of stride length. In addition, sled towing increased ground contact time, trunk lean, and hip flexion. Upper-body results showed an increase in shoulder range of motion with added resistance. The heavier load generally resulted in a greater disruption to normal acceleration kinematics compared with the lighter load. The lighter load is likely best for use in a training program.

  20. Low NO sub x /SO sub x Burner retrofit for utility cyclone boilers

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    Work on process design was deferred pending a restart of the mainstream project activities. LNS Burner design effort was focussed mainly on the continued development of the slag screen model. Documentation of the LNS Burner thermal model also continued. Balance of plant engineering continued on the P ID's for the fuel preparation building HVAC system, lighter oil, limestone/fuel additive handling system, instrument and service air and fire protection systems. Work began on the preparation of system and sub-system descriptions. Schematic connection and wiring drawings and diagrams for the fuel handling system, flame scanner/igniter system and DCS control modification for the lighter oil pumps and Unit 1 circulating water pumps were completed.