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Sample records for lynda malik suzanne

  1. Rejoinder to Lynda Stone.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blum, Mark E.

    1997-01-01

    Responds to Lynda Stone's comments on the author's essay on the interpretation of history. Demonstrates the linkages between his argument and those of Stone. Concludes by contesting some of her interpretations of his philosophical forebear, Edmund Husserl, and by pointing to the common objectives of both his and Stone's research. (DSK)

  2. Rejoinder to Lynda Stone.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blum, Mark E.

    1997-01-01

    Responds to Lynda Stone's comments on the author's essay on the interpretation of history. Demonstrates the linkages between his argument and those of Stone. Concludes by contesting some of her interpretations of his philosophical forebear, Edmund Husserl, and by pointing to the common objectives of both his and Stone's research. (DSK)

  3. Leonard Cohen: Suzanne. Abschliessende Bemerkungen (Final Comments)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsden, Josefine

    1977-01-01

    A response to criticisms of the article "Interpretation of a Pop Song at the Upper High School Level--Leonard Cohen: 'Suzanne'," defending the interpretative procedure, including its text orientation and its emphasis on the teacher's exposition. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  4. Suzanne Newton's "I Will Call it Georgie's Blues".

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scales, Pat

    1998-01-01

    Summarizes Suzanne Newton's children's book, "I Will Call It Georgie's Blues." Includes discussion questions about the book, and a list of activities. Provides an annotated bibliography of fiction, picture books, nonfiction, and biography titles about jazz and jazz musicians. (AEF)

  5. Leonard Cohen: Suzanne. Eine methodische Alternative (A Methodological Alternative)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bluemer, Hermann

    1977-01-01

    Criticizes a critique by J. Marsden of Leonard Cohen's pop song "Suzanne" as material for high school foreign language teaching. States that the song is useful in classes of boys and that Marsden asks for too much teacher guidance. A procedure with greater student activity is outlined. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  6. Q&A: Suzanne Topalian on immune therapies.

    PubMed

    Topalian, Suzanne

    2013-07-01

    Suzanne Topalian, MD, professor of surgery and oncology and director of the melanoma program at the Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins in Baltimore, MD, discusses progress with drugs that inhibit immune-checkpoint receptors and ligands, including PD-1 and PD-L1 inhibitors.

  7. Activist for Change: An Interview with Suzanne Arms

    PubMed Central

    Zwelling, Elaine

    2002-01-01

    Suzanne Arms's name is readily recognized by many in the field of perinatal education. For 30 years she has been a tireless advocate for childbearing women, a fighter for change in the traditional maternity care system, and a feminist with strong beliefs about the physical, emotional, and spiritual impact of birth. Arms's well-known books and frequent speaking engagements have allowed her to spread her message and her plea to humanize the childbirth experience. Talking with Arms is an energizing encounter. Her life path is a powerful and compelling story that is an inspiration to all who continue to work to make birth a positive event in the lives of women and their families. PMID:17273317

  8. Interview with a quality leader: Dr. Suzanne Delbanco, on healthcare payment reform. Interviewed by Kevin Warren.

    PubMed

    Delbanco, Suzanne

    2011-01-01

    Suzanne F. Delbanco is the executive director of Catalyst for Payment Reform (CPR), a nonprofit organization working for coordinated action among the largest purchasers of healthcare and health plans to reform the way we pay for healthcare in the United States to improve quality and cost. In addition to her duties at CPR, Suzanne is on the Advisory Committee to the Director and the National Biosurveillance Advisory Subcommittee of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. She also serves on the boards of HCI3, the Anvita Health Advisory Council, the executive committee of the California Maternal Quality Care Collaborative, and participates in the Healthcare Executives Leadership Network. Before CPR, Suzanne was President, Health Care Division at Arrowsight Inc., a company using video to help hospitals measure the performance of healthcare workers and provide them with feedback while they are working to improve adherence to safety and quality protocols. From 2000 to 2007, Suzanne was the founding CEO of The Leapfrog Group. The Leapfrog Group uses the collective leverage of its large corporate and public members to initiate breakthrough improvements in the safety, quality, and affordability of healthcare for Americans. Before joining Leapfrog, Suzanne was a senior manager at the Pacific Business Group on Health where she worked on the Quality Team. Suzanne holds a PhD in Public Policy from the Goldman School of Public Policy and a MPH from the School of Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley.

  9. Interpretation eines Popsongs in der Sekundarstufe 2. Leonard Cohen: Suzanne (Interpretation of a Pop Song ((Leonard Cohen's "Suzanne")) in Secondary Grade 2)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsden, Josefine

    1976-01-01

    Describes use of the pop song "Suzanne" in a Secondary Grade 2 class of girls. This song by Leonard Cohen is regarded as superior to most pop songs, appropriate for the group because of its themes (love, religion), and as a good example of lyric poetry. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  10. Convergence of discrete schemes for the Perona-Malik equation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bellettini, G.; Novaga, M.; Paolini, M.; Tornese, C.

    We prove the convergence, up to a subsequence, of the spatial semidiscrete scheme for the one-dimensional Perona-Malik equation u=(ϕ())x, ϕ(p):=1/2 >log(1+p), when the initial datum u¯ is 1-Lipschitz out of a finite number of jump points, and we characterize the problem satisfied by the limit solution. In the more difficult case when u¯ has a whole interval where ϕ(u) is negative, we construct a solution by a careful inspection of the behaviour of the approximating solutions in a space-time neighbourhood of the jump points. The limit solution u we obtain is the same as the one obtained by replacing ϕ(ṡ) with the truncated function min(ϕ(ṡ),1), and it turns out that u solves a free boundary problem. The free boundary consists of the points dividing the region where |u|>1 from the region where |u|⩽1. Finally, we consider the full space-time discretization (implicit in time) of the Perona-Malik equation, and we show that, if the time step is small with respect to the spatial grid h, then the limit is the same as the one obtained with the spatial semidiscrete scheme. On the other hand, if the time step is large with respect to h, then the limit solution equals u¯, i.e., the standing solution of the convexified problem.

  11. Leonard Cohen: Suzanne. Kritische Anmerkungen zur Interpretation (Critical Comments on Interpretation)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faulstich, Werner

    1977-01-01

    Criticizes a critique by J. Marsden of Leonard Cohen's pop song "Suzanne" as material for high school foreign language teaching. States that Marsden's article is concerned only with the text. The music agrees with the theme (loneliness) and with the "social milieu." (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  12. An Open Letter to Suzanne deCastell and Tom Walker.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Assinck, Beverly Belvin

    1993-01-01

    Responds to "Identity, Metamorphosis, and Ethnographic Research: What Kind of Story Is Ways with Words?" by Suzanne deCastell and Tom Walker (1991). Describes the author's reaction to "Ways with Words--Language, Life and Work in Communities and Classrooms" by Shirley Brice Heath (1983). (SLD)

  13. An Open Letter to Suzanne deCastell and Tom Walker.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Assinck, Beverly Belvin

    1993-01-01

    Responds to "Identity, Metamorphosis, and Ethnographic Research: What Kind of Story Is Ways with Words?" by Suzanne deCastell and Tom Walker (1991). Describes the author's reaction to "Ways with Words--Language, Life and Work in Communities and Classrooms" by Shirley Brice Heath (1983). (SLD)

  14. Application of Perona Malik anisotropic diffusion on digital radiographic image

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Halim, Suhaila Abd; Razak, Rohayu Abdul; Ibrahim, Arsmah; Manurung, Yupiter HP

    2014-07-01

    Perona Malik Anisotropic Diffusion (PMAD) is a very useful and efficient denoising technique if the parameters are properly selected. Overestimating the parameters may cause oversmoothed and underestimating it may leave unfiltered noise. This makes the selection of parameters a crucial process. In this paper the PMAD model is solved using a finite difference scheme The discretized model is evaluated using different diffusion coefficient of exponential and quadratic on defective radiographic images in terms of quality and efficiency. In the application of the PMAD model on image data, a set of defective radiographic images of welding is used as input data. Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR), Structural Similarity Measure (SSIM) and temporal time are used to evaluate the performance of the model. The implementation of the experiment has been carried out using MATLAB R2009a. In terms of quality, results show that the Quadratic Diffusion Coefficient Function (QDCF) provides better results compared with the Exponential Diffusion Coefficient Function (EDCF). In conclusion, the denoising effect using PMAD model based on finite difference scheme shows able to improve image quality by removing noise in the defective radiographic image.

  15. Application of Perona Malik anisotropic diffusion on digital radiographic image

    SciTech Connect

    Halim, Suhaila Abd; Razak, Rohayu Abdul; Ibrahim, Arsmah; Manurung, Yupiter HP

    2014-07-10

    Perona Malik Anisotropic Diffusion (PMAD) is a very useful and efficient denoising technique if the parameters are properly selected. Overestimating the parameters may cause oversmoothed and underestimating it may leave unfiltered noise. This makes the selection of parameters a crucial process. In this paper the PMAD model is solved using a finite difference scheme The discretized model is evaluated using different diffusion coefficient of exponential and quadratic on defective radiographic images in terms of quality and efficiency. In the application of the PMAD model on image data, a set of defective radiographic images of welding is used as input data. Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR), Structural Similarity Measure (SSIM) and temporal time are used to evaluate the performance of the model. The implementation of the experiment has been carried out using MATLAB R2009a. In terms of quality, results show that the Quadratic Diffusion Coefficient Function (QDCF) provides better results compared with the Exponential Diffusion Coefficient Function (EDCF). In conclusion, the denoising effect using PMAD model based on finite difference scheme shows able to improve image quality by removing noise in the defective radiographic image.

  16. Radial weak solutions for the Perona-Malik equation as a differential inclusion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Seonghak; Yan, Baisheng

    2015-03-01

    The Perona-Malik equation is an ill-posed forward-backward parabolic equation with some application in image processing. In this paper, we study the Perona-Malik type equation on a ball in an arbitrary dimension n and show that there exist infinitely many radial weak solutions to the homogeneous Neumann boundary problem for smooth nonconstant radially symmetric initial data. Our approach is to reformulate the n-dimensional equation into a one-dimensional equation, to convert the one-dimensional problem into an inhomogeneous partial differential inclusion problem, and to apply a Baire's category method to the differential inclusion to generate infinitely many solutions.

  17. The Last Battle: With "Mockingjay" on Its Way, Suzanne Collins Weighs in on Katniss and the Capitol

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Margolis, Rick

    2010-01-01

    Ever since Katniss Everdeen, the arrow-slinging heroine of Suzanne Collins's "Hunger Games" trilogy, was snatched from the cruel clutches of a ruthless government, one can't stop thinking about the feisty 16-year-old from District 12. What sort of flesh-devouring, mutant killing machine awaits her next? How can she possibly lead a successful…

  18. The Last Battle: With "Mockingjay" on Its Way, Suzanne Collins Weighs in on Katniss and the Capitol

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Margolis, Rick

    2010-01-01

    Ever since Katniss Everdeen, the arrow-slinging heroine of Suzanne Collins's "Hunger Games" trilogy, was snatched from the cruel clutches of a ruthless government, one can't stop thinking about the feisty 16-year-old from District 12. What sort of flesh-devouring, mutant killing machine awaits her next? How can she possibly lead a successful…

  19. Young measure solutions and instability of the one-dimensional Perona-Malik equation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taheri, Shahnaz; Tang, Qi; Zhang, Kewei

    2005-08-01

    We apply a variational approach to the one-dimensional version of the widely used Perona-Malik equation in image processing. We rephrase the problem into the one related to the quasiconvex hull of a graph in the space of 2×2 matrices M2×2. We then use the solutions of some heat equations as the centre of the mass for the Young measure-valued solutions to construct the approximate solutions by using simple laminates. The approximate solutions can be viewed as solutions of a perturbation problem by W-1,p (or W-1,[infinity]) functions. The sequences of the approximate solutions generates Young measure-valued solutions. Our results also show that the solutions of the one-dimensional Perona-Malik equation are unstable under small W-1,[infinity] perturbations.

  20. Suzanne F. Delbanco on the Leapfrog Group and employer purchasing power. Interview by Pamela K. Scarrow.

    PubMed

    Delbanco, Suzanne F

    2004-01-01

    Suzanne F. Delbanco, PhD MPH, is the first executive director of The Leapfrog Group, founded by the Business Roundtable. The Leapfrog Group's goal is to mobilize employer purchasing power to initiate breakthrough improvements in the safety, quality, and overall value of healthcare for American consumers. The group's growing consortium of more than 155 Fortune 500 companies and other large private and public healthcare purchasers provides health benefits to more than 34 million Americans; these companies spend more than 62 billion dollars on healthcare annually. Dr. Delbanco is a member of the National Committee for Quality Assurance Purchaser Advisory Council and a board member of Bridges to Excellence. Before joining The Leapfrog Group, she was a senior manager at the Pacific Business Group on Health (PBGH), where she worked on the quality team. Prior to joining PBGH, she worked on reproductive health policy and the changing healthcare marketplace initiative at the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. She has also consulted on health insurance coverage in the temporary employment industry and on the first statewide survey in California of MediCal beneficiaries, and worked as a community Liaison for Kaiser Permanente during the establishment of one of California's first County Organized Health Systems. She holds a PhD in public policy from the Goldman School of Public PoLicy and a MPH from the School of Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley.

  1. A Perona-Malik Type Method in Shape Generalization of Digital Elevation Models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ebmeyer, Carsten; Vogelgesang, Jens

    During the last century, the amount and the complexity of land surface data have enormously increased and have shown the need for efficient automated analysis methods. In this paper we focus our interest on methods helping to analyze Digital Elevation Models. A finite element method in shape generalization of Digital Elevation Models is presented and numerical results are given. The finite element scheme is a fully discrete approximation of a diffusion equation of forward-backward Perona-Malik type. C 0 -piecewise linear elements in space and the backward Euler difference scheme in time are used.

  2. Adaptive Perona-Malik model based on the variable exponent for image denoising.

    PubMed

    Guo, Zhichang; Sun, Jiebao; Zhang, Dazhi; Wu, Boying

    2012-03-01

    This paper introduces a class of adaptive Perona-Malik (PM) diffusion, which combines the PM equation with the heat equation. The PM equation provides a potential algorithm for image segmentation, noise removal, edge detection, and image enhancement. However, the defect of traditional PM model is tending to cause the staircase effect and create new features in the processed image. Utilizing the edge indicator as a variable exponent, we can adaptively control the diffusion mode, which alternates between PM diffusion and Gaussian smoothing in accordance with the image feature. Computer experiments indicate that the present algorithm is very efficient for edge detection and noise removal.

  3. HPM-Based Dynamic Sparse Grid Approach for Perona-Malik Equation

    PubMed Central

    Mei, Shu-Li; Zhu, De-Hai

    2014-01-01

    The Perona-Malik equation is a famous image edge-preserved denoising model, which is represented as a nonlinear 2-dimension partial differential equation. Based on the homotopy perturbation method (HPM) and the multiscale interpolation theory, a dynamic sparse grid method for Perona-Malik was constructed in this paper. Compared with the traditional multiscale numerical techniques, the proposed method is independent of the basis function. In this method, a dynamic choice scheme of external grid points is proposed to eliminate the artifacts introduced by the partitioning technique. In order to decrease the calculation amount introduced by the change of the external grid points, the Newton interpolation technique is employed instead of the traditional Lagrange interpolation operator, and the condition number of the discretized matrix different equations is taken into account of the choice of the external grid points. Using the new numerical scheme, the time complexity of the sparse grid method for the image denoising is decreased to O(4J+2j) from O(43J), (j ≪ J). The experiment results show that the dynamic choice scheme of the external gird points can eliminate the boundary effect effectively and the efficiency can also be improved greatly comparing with the classical interval wavelets numerical methods. PMID:25050394

  4. HPM-based dynamic sparse grid approach for Perona-Malik equation.

    PubMed

    Mei, Shu-Li; Zhu, De-Hai

    2014-01-01

    The Perona-Malik equation is a famous image edge-preserved denoising model, which is represented as a nonlinear 2-dimension partial differential equation. Based on the homotopy perturbation method (HPM) and the multiscale interpolation theory, a dynamic sparse grid method for Perona-Malik was constructed in this paper. Compared with the traditional multiscale numerical techniques, the proposed method is independent of the basis function. In this method, a dynamic choice scheme of external grid points is proposed to eliminate the artifacts introduced by the partitioning technique. In order to decrease the calculation amount introduced by the change of the external grid points, the Newton interpolation technique is employed instead of the traditional Lagrange interpolation operator, and the condition number of the discretized matrix different equations is taken into account of the choice of the external grid points. Using the new numerical scheme, the time complexity of the sparse grid method for the image denoising is decreased to O(4 (J+2j)) from O(4(3J)), (j ≪ J). The experiment results show that the dynamic choice scheme of the external gird points can eliminate the boundary effect effectively and the efficiency can also be improved greatly comparing with the classical interval wavelets numerical methods.

  5. Malik Goes to School: Examining the Language Skills of African American Students from Preschool-5th Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craig, Holly K.; Washington, Julie A.

    2005-01-01

    "Malik Goes to School: Examining the Language Skills of African American Students From Preschool-5th Grade" synthesizes a decade of research by the authors, Holly Craig and Julie Washington, on the oral language and literacy skills of African American children from preschool to fifth grade. Their research has characterized significant influences…

  6. Perona Malik anisotropic diffusion model using Peaceman Rachford scheme on digital radiographic image

    SciTech Connect

    Halim, Suhaila Abd; Razak, Rohayu Abd; Ibrahim, Arsmah; Manurung, Yupiter HP

    2014-06-19

    In image processing, it is important to remove noise without affecting the image structure as well as preserving all the edges. Perona Malik Anisotropic Diffusion (PMAD) is a PDE-based model which is suitable for image denoising and edge detection problems. In this paper, the Peaceman Rachford scheme is applied on PMAD to remove unwanted noise as the scheme is efficient and unconditionally stable. The capability of the scheme to remove noise is evaluated on several digital radiography weld defect images computed using MATLAB R2009a. Experimental results obtained show that the Peaceman Rachford scheme improves the image quality substantially well based on the Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR). The Peaceman Rachford scheme used in solving the PMAD model successfully removes unwanted noise in digital radiographic image.

  7. Perona Malik anisotropic diffusion model using Peaceman Rachford scheme on digital radiographic image

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Halim, Suhaila Abd; Razak, Rohayu Abd; Ibrahim, Arsmah; Manurung, Yupiter HP

    2014-06-01

    In image processing, it is important to remove noise without affecting the image structure as well as preserving all the edges. Perona Malik Anisotropic Diffusion (PMAD) is a PDE-based model which is suitable for image denoising and edge detection problems. In this paper, the Peaceman Rachford scheme is applied on PMAD to remove unwanted noise as the scheme is efficient and unconditionally stable. The capability of the scheme to remove noise is evaluated on several digital radiography weld defect images computed using MATLAB R2009a. Experimental results obtained show that the Peaceman Rachford scheme improves the image quality substantially well based on the Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR). The Peaceman Rachford scheme used in solving the PMAD model successfully removes unwanted noise in digital radiographic image.

  8. A backward-forward regularization of the Perona-Malik equation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guidotti, Patrick

    It is shown that the Perona-Malik equation (PME) admits a natural regularization by forward-backward diffusions possessing better analytical properties than PME itself. Well-posedness of the regularizing problem along with a complete understanding of its long time behavior can be obtained by resorting to weak Young measure valued solutions in the spirit of Kinderlehrer and Pedregal (1992) [1] and Demoulini (1996) [2]. Solutions are unique (to an extent to be specified) but can exhibit "micro-oscillations" (in the sense of minimizing sequences and in the spirit of material science) between "preferred" gradient states. In the limit of vanishing regularization, the preferred gradients have size 0 or ∞ thus explaining the well-known phenomenon of staircasing. The theoretical results do completely confirm and/or predict numerical observations concerning the generic behavior of solutions.

  9. Coronary Plaque Boundary Enhancement in IVUS Image by Using a Modified Perona-Malik Diffusion Filter

    PubMed Central

    Anam, S.; Uchino, E.; Suetake, N.

    2014-01-01

    We propose a modified Perona-Malik diffusion (PMD) filter to enhance a coronary plaque boundary by considering the conditions peculiar to an intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) image. The IVUS image is commonly used for a diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The IVUS image is however very grainy due to heavy speckle noise. When the normal PMD filter is applied for speckle noise reduction in the IVUS image, the coronary plaque boundary becomes vague. For this problem, we propose a modified PMD filter which is designed in special reference to the coronary plaque boundary detection. It can then not only reduce the speckle noise but also enhance clearly the coronary plaque boundary. After applying the modified PMD filter to the IVUS image, the coronary plaque boundaries are successfully detected further by applying the Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy model. The accuracy of the proposed method has been confirmed numerically by the experiments. PMID:25506357

  10. Progressive halftoning by Perona-Malik error diffusion and stochastic flipping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, Jianhong

    2006-02-01

    Halftoning has been a significant topic in image processing due to many emerging applications, various diversified approaches, and challenging theoretical analysis. Inspired by the wealthy literature on halftoning, as well as the recent PDE (partial differential equations) approach in image processing, the current work proposes a novel progressive halftoning algorithm by empolying the celebrated anisotropic diffusion model of Perona and Malik (IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell., 12:629-639, 1990), and a properly designed stochastic strategy for binary flipping. The halftone outputs from the proposed model are typical samples of some random fields, which share many virtues of existent deterministic halftone algorithms, as well as show many interesting features like the blue noise behavior. The new model is independent of traditional windows, tiles, or paths, and allows direct parallel implementation.

  11. Coronary Plaque Boundary Enhancement in IVUS Image by Using a Modified Perona-Malik Diffusion Filter.

    PubMed

    Anam, S; Uchino, E; Suetake, N

    2014-01-01

    We propose a modified Perona-Malik diffusion (PMD) filter to enhance a coronary plaque boundary by considering the conditions peculiar to an intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) image. The IVUS image is commonly used for a diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The IVUS image is however very grainy due to heavy speckle noise. When the normal PMD filter is applied for speckle noise reduction in the IVUS image, the coronary plaque boundary becomes vague. For this problem, we propose a modified PMD filter which is designed in special reference to the coronary plaque boundary detection. It can then not only reduce the speckle noise but also enhance clearly the coronary plaque boundary. After applying the modified PMD filter to the IVUS image, the coronary plaque boundaries are successfully detected further by applying the Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy model. The accuracy of the proposed method has been confirmed numerically by the experiments.

  12. Validity of the Concealed Information Test in realistic mock crime scenarios: comment on Bradley, Malik, and Cullen.

    PubMed

    Gamer, Matthias

    2012-10-01

    Based on the low detection rates of participants who incidentally encoded crime-related details in a realistic mock crime scenario, Bradley, Malik and Cullen (2011) argued that laboratory studies overestimate the validity of the Concealed Information Test. Studies from our group using naturalistic mock crime scenarios, multiple physiological response measures and improved scoring and classification techniques suggest that such a general conclusion is not warranted.

  13. An explicit filtering framework based on Perona-Malik anisotropic diffusion for shock capturing and subgrid scale modeling of Burgers' turbulence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maulik, Romit; San, Omer

    2016-11-01

    In this work, we introduce a relaxation filtering closure approach to account for subgrid scale effects in explicitly filtered large eddy simulations using the concept of anisotropic diffusion. We utilize the Perona-Malik diffusion model and demonstrate its shock capturing ability and spectral performance for solving the Burgers turbulence problem, which is a simplified prototype for more realistic turbulent flows showing the same quadratic nonlinearity. Our numerical assessments present the behavior of various diffusivity functions in conjunction with a detailed sensitivity analysis with respect to the free modeling parameters. In comparison to direct numerical simulation (DNS) and under-resolved DNS results, we find that the proposed closure model is efficient in the prevention of energy accumulation at grid cut-off and is also adept at preventing any possible spurious numerical oscillations due to shock formation under the optimal parameter choices. In contrast to other relaxation filtering approaches, it is also shown that a larger inertial range can be obtained by the proposed anisotropic diffusion model using a compact stencil scheme in an efficient way.

  14. Mutations affecting the BHLHA9 DNA-binding domain cause MSSD, mesoaxial synostotic syndactyly with phalangeal reduction, Malik-Percin type.

    PubMed

    Malik, Sajid; Percin, Ferda E; Bornholdt, Dorothea; Albrecht, Beate; Percesepe, Antonio; Koch, Manuela C; Landi, Antonio; Fritz, Barbara; Khan, Rizwan; Mumtaz, Sara; Akarsu, Nurten A; Grzeschik, Karl-Heinz

    2014-12-04

    Mesoaxial synostotic syndactyly, Malik-Percin type (MSSD) (syndactyly type IX) is a rare autosomal-recessive nonsyndromic digit anomaly with only two affected families reported so far. We previously showed that the trait is genetically distinct from other syndactyly types, and through autozygosity mapping we had identified a locus on chromosome 17p13.3 for this unique limb malformation. Here, we extend the number of independent pedigrees from various geographic regions segregating MSSD to a total of six. We demonstrate that three neighboring missense mutations affecting the highly conserved DNA-binding region of the basic helix-loop-helix A9 transcription factor (BHLHA9) are associated with this phenotype. Recombinant BHLHA9 generated by transient gene expression is shown to be located in the cytoplasm and the cell nucleus. Transcription factors 3, 4, and 12, members of the E protein (class I) family of helix-loop-helix transcription factors, are highlighted in yeast two-hybrid analysis as potential dimerization partners for BHLHA9. In the presence of BHLHA9, the potential of these three proteins to activate expression of an E-box-regulated target gene is reduced considerably. BHLHA9 harboring one of the three substitutions detected in MSSD-affected individuals eliminates entirely the transcription activation by these class I bHLH proteins. We conclude that by dimerizing with other bHLH protein monomers, BHLHA9 could fine tune the expression of regulatory factors governing determination of central limb mesenchyme cells, a function made impossible by altering critical amino acids in the DNA binding domain. These findings identify BHLHA9 as an essential player in the regulatory network governing limb morphogenesis in humans.

  15. Role of Suzanne Mubarak Science Exploration Center in Motivating Physics Learning (abstract)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohsen, Mona

    2009-04-01

    The role of Science Exploration centers to promote learning ``beyond school walls'' is demonstrated. The Suzane Mubarak Science Exploration Center (www.smsec.com) at Hadaek El Kobba, Cairo, was inaugurated in 1998 with the assistance of Zusane Mubarak, the first lady of Egypt and the minister of education. It was the first interactive science and technology center in Egypt. After 10 years, the number of centers has increased to 33 nationwide. Since its inauguration the center has received over 3 million visitors. Through different facilities, such as the internet, science cities, multimedia, and virtual reality programs, basic principles of science are simplified and their technological applications in our daily lives are explored. These facilities are fully equipped with new media such as video conferencing, videotapes, overhead projectors, data shows, and libraries, as well as demonstration tools for basic science. The main objectives of the science exploration centers are discussed such as: (1) curricula development for on-line learning; (2) integration of e-learning programs into basic science (physics, mathematics, chemistry, and biology) and (3) workshops and organizations for students, teachers, and communities dealing with basic science programs.

  16. Comment regarding Malik, et al.'s (1996) "The method of subliminal psychodynamic activation: do individual thresholds make a difference?".

    PubMed

    Greenberg, A C

    1997-06-01

    Researchers using the method of subliminal psychodynamic activation need to consider the neutrality of their control messages. Anagrams or numbers are recommended as even benign-sounding phrases can produce nonneutral effects.

  17. 78 FR 65193 - Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-31

    .... FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Suzanne Lucier, Aerospace Engineer, Propulsion Branch, ANM-140S, FAA... more information about this AD, contact Suzanne Lucier, Aerospace Engineer, Propulsion Branch,...

  18. 75 FR 4394 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisition of Shares of Bank or Bank Holding Companies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-27

    ...; and Luther Clary Anthony, Jr., Atlanta, Texas, Co Trustees; Lynda June Anthony, Shreveport, Louisiana; Luther Clary Anthony, Jr., Atlanta, Texas; Luther Clary Anthony Sr., Springhill, Louisiana;...

  19. Cyber Professionals in the Military and Industry-Partnering in Defense of the Nation: A Conversation between Maj Gen Suzanne Vautrinot, Commander, Twenty-Fourth Air Force, and Mr. Charles Beard, Chief Information Officer, Science Applications International Corporation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    military controlled, across several different networks, including foreign systems, making it critical to establish relationships with com- mercial...level, you had to go beyond awareness. Peo- ple had to get on board, understand the codependency , and see its benefit to the individual. Having the

  20. Clutter-Reducing, Scalable Image Processing Methods for Target Acquisition and Tracking

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-06-10

    traditional anisotropic diffusion ( Perona and Malik , 1990), and t jiC , is called the instantaneous coefficient of variation and is defined as: . ] 4 1... Perona and Malik , 1990) P. Perona and J. Malik , “Scale-space and edge detection using anisotropic diffusion,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Analysis and

  1. Complex Disease Endotypes and Implications for GWAS and Exposomics***

    EPA Science Inventory

    Presentation Type: Symposia Symposium Title: Human Exposome Discovery and Disease Investigation Abstract Title: Complex Disease Endotypes and Implications for GWAS and Exposomics Authors: Stephen W. Edwards1, David M. Reif, Elaine Cohen Hubaf, ClarLynda Williams-DeVa...

  2. What Work of Adult Fiction or Nonfiction Do You Recommend to Other Teachers for Summer Reading?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Susanne; Isaac, Megan; Watts, Linda S.; Barnhouse, Rebecca

    2003-01-01

    Includes four teachers' recommendations of summer reading for other teachers. Details Anita Shreve's "The Last Time They Met"; Barbara Kingsolver's "Small Wonder"; Lynda Barry's "Cruddy"; and Ina Rilke's "Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress." (PM)

  3. Complex Disease Endotypes and Implications for GWAS and Exposomics***

    EPA Science Inventory

    Presentation Type: Symposia Symposium Title: Human Exposome Discovery and Disease Investigation Abstract Title: Complex Disease Endotypes and Implications for GWAS and Exposomics Authors: Stephen W. Edwards1, David M. Reif, Elaine Cohen Hubaf, ClarLynda Williams-DeVa...

  4. Control of Aerodynamic Flows. Delivery Order 0051: Transition Prediction Method Review Summary for the Rapid Assessment Tool for Transition Prediction (RATTraP)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-15

    presented by Malik et al. (1994) who used a NPSE code to calculate the primary instability behavior of stationary disturbances of a swept Hiemenz flow. As...instabilities and to confirm previous experimental results. Hall, Malik, and Poll (1984) used nonparallel linear stability theory on a swept Hiemenz ...incompressible swept Hiemenz flow. J. Fluid Mech., 311:239-255. Lin, R.S., Malik, M.R. 1997. On the stability of attachment-line boundary layers. Part 2

  5. Anisotropic Diffusion Despeckling for High Resolution SAR Images

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-11-01

    resulting equation describes a nonlinear diffusion filter. Nonlinear diffusion was first proposed by Perona and Malik in 1990[7],and built the...following isotropic diffusion model: )|)(|( uugdivut ∇⋅∇=∂ (2) But Perona - Malik model still have some fault. Thus, Catte et al. proposed that, by...Technical University,2001. [7] P Perona ,J Malik . Scale-space and Edge Detection using Anisotropic Diffusion [J]. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis

  6. Safety in Numbers: Nurse-to-patient ratios and the future of health care Safety in Numbers: Nurse-to-patient ratios and the future of health care Gordon Suzanne Buchanan John and Bretherton Tanya Cornell University Press, New York NY 272 £12.95 978-0801446832 080144683X [Formula: see text].

    PubMed

    2009-02-10

    This book is an excellent introduction to the issue of nurse-patient ratios. It addresses the importance of knowing the difference between the number of nurses you have, and the number you need. It also has a good analysis of the arguments for and against ratios.

  7. Beyond the boys' club: strategies for achieving career success as a woman working in a male-dominated field Suzanne Doyle-Morris Beyond the boys' club: strategies for achieving career success as a woman working in a male-dominated field Wit and Wisdom Press £13.99 298pp 9780956268808 0956268803 [Formula: see text].

    PubMed

    2010-02-03

    ALTHOUGH THIS book is not intended for any specific group of healthcare professionals, its subject matter, including mentorship, the need to master presentation skills such as public speaking, and why it is good to share workplace success, should all be of interest to nurses.

  8. When the Least Restrictive Environment is Residential: Meeting the Needs of Our Son

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Djenne-Amal

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author, a parent of Malik, a special needs child with CHARGE Syndrome, describes the difficulties she encountered with her local educational agency (LEA) in transitioning her son from the Perkins School for the Blind in Watertown, Massachusetts to the Eastern North Carolina School for the Deaf (ENCSD). At ENCSD, Malik now…

  9. Statistical Methods for Image Registration and Denoising

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-06-19

    Perona and Malik [40] create an anisotropic diffusion algorithm that accounts for edges and preserves edges in the smoothed image by assuming them to be...where g(∇I) is proposed variously by Perona and Malik [40] as g(∇I) = exp ( −‖∇Î‖ σ2 ) , g(∇I) = 1 1 + ( ‖∇Î‖ σ )2 , and by Black et al. [6] as g...Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 43 (5):705–715 (May 2000). 40. Perona P. and Malik J. “Scale-Space and Edge Detection Using Anisotropic Diffusion,” IEEE

  10. STANDARDIZATION AND STRUCTURAL ANNOTATION OF PUBLIC TOXICITY DATABASES: IMPROVING SAR CAPABILITIES AND LINKAGE TO 'OMICS DATA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Standardization and structural annotation of public toxicity databases: Improving SAR capabilities and linkage to 'omics data
    Ann M. Richard', ClarLynda Williams', Jamie Burch2
    'Nat Health & Environ Res Lab, US EPA, RTP, NC 27711; 2EPA/NC Central Univ Student COOP Trainee<...

  11. The Year in Review: Reports of Research Conducted by Adult Education Practitioners-Researchers in Virginia. Volume 5: 1995-1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Adult Educators Research Network, Dayton.

    This report contains four separate articles of interest to adult English-as-a-second-language (ESL) educators. "Learning Disabilities in Adult ESL: Case Studies and Directions" (Dorothy Almanza, Kate Singleton, Lynda Terrill) looks at three case studies of adult ESL students whom teachers have identified as possibly learning disabled.…

  12. Adult Numeracy Development: Theory, Research, Practice. Series on Literacy: Research, Policy, and Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gal, Iddo, Ed.

    This book contains 16 papers on the theory, research, and practice of adult numeracy development. The following papers are included: "The Numeracy Challenge" (Iddo Gal); "Numeracy, Mathematics, and Adult Learning" (Diane Coben); "Building a Problem-Solving Environment for Teaching Mathematics" (Peter Kloosterman, Bin Hassan Mohamad-Ali, Lynda R.…

  13. Video Games as a Context for Numeracy Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Troy A.; Wiest, Lynda R.

    2013-01-01

    Troy Thomas and Lynda Wiest share an engaging lesson on statistics involving analysis of real-world data on the top ten video game sales in the United States during a one-week period. Three upper-primary classes completed the lesson, providing insight into the lesson's effectiveness. The lesson description includes attention to the manner in which…

  14. 76 FR 51968 - Puget Sound Energy, Inc.; Notice of Application for Amendment of License and Soliciting Comments...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-19

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Puget Sound Energy, Inc.; Notice of Application for Amendment of License and.... Applicant: Puget Sound Energy, Inc. e. Name of Project: Snoqualmie Falls Hydroelectric Project. f. Location...-825r. h. Applicant Contact: Lynda Kupfer, Puget Sound Energy, Inc., M/S PSE-09N, P. O. Box 90868...

  15. DSSTOX: NEW ON-LINE RESOURCE FOR PUBLISHING AND INTEGRATING STANDARDIZED STRUCTURE-INCLUSIVE TOXICITY DATABASES

    EPA Science Inventory

    DSSTox: New On-line Resource for Publishing Structure-Standardized Toxicity Databases

    Ann M Richard1, Jamie Burch2, ClarLynda Williams3
    1Nat. Health and Environ. Effects Res. Lb, US EP& Ret Triangle Park, NC 27711; 2EPA-NC
    Central Univ Student COOP, US EPA, lies. Tri...

  16. Handbook of Climate of the USSR. Humidity of Air, Atmospheric Precipitations, Snow Cover

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-12-07

    machine translation. Input by: Angelia M. Johnson, Lynda J. Lightner, Laura M. Matthews, Lisa K. Wiensch Merged by: Ruth A. Bennette Requester: USAF...26 U.a-,Xhayryac" . ....... 49 24 31 43 35 37 75 97 69 122 100 83 287 479 76 t 27 hayr -fso..v ............. .. 51 25 32 45 37 39 77 99 71 125 103 85

  17. Time Well Spent: Making Choices and Setting Priorities in Adult Numeracy Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braaten, Melissa

    2017-01-01

    In her Forum piece, "What's an Adult Numeracy Teacher to Teach? Negotiating the Complexity of Adult Numeracy Instruction," Lynda Ginsburg set the stage of the current problem (poor numeracy levels in American adults) and the bevy of standards, legislation, and new exams that have recently been developed to address it. Ginsburg also…

  18. DSSTOX: NEW ON-LINE RESOURCE FOR PUBLISHING AND INTEGRATING STANDARDIZED STRUCTURE-INCLUSIVE TOXICITY DATABASES

    EPA Science Inventory

    DSSTox: New On-line Resource for Publishing Structure-Standardized Toxicity Databases

    Ann M Richard1, Jamie Burch2, ClarLynda Williams3
    1Nat. Health and Environ. Effects Res. Lb, US EP& Ret Triangle Park, NC 27711; 2EPA-NC
    Central Univ Student COOP, US EPA, lies. Tri...

  19. STANDARDIZATION AND STRUCTURAL ANNOTATION OF PUBLIC TOXICITY DATABASES: IMPROVING SAR CAPABILITIES AND LINKAGE TO 'OMICS DATA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Standardization and structural annotation of public toxicity databases: Improving SAR capabilities and linkage to 'omics data
    Ann M. Richard', ClarLynda Williams', Jamie Burch2
    'Nat Health & Environ Res Lab, US EPA, RTP, NC 27711; 2EPA/NC Central Univ Student COOP Trainee<...

  20. Families: An Expanding Role for Professional Counselors. Proceedings of the Conference (San Antonio, Texas, February 1-3, 1986).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, George M.; And Others

    This document contains papers from a conference which targeted the needs and interests of counselors working with families. Individual papers in the book include: (1) "Economic, Social and Political Influences on Families" (Lynda Henley Walters); (2) "Family Structures and Stresses: A Counseling Perspective" (Edwin Herr); (3) "Cultural Diversity…

  1. Outliers, Cheese, and Rhizomes: Variations on a Theme of Limitation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stone, Lynda

    2011-01-01

    All research has limitations, for example, from paradigm, concept, theory, tradition, and discipline. In this article Lynda Stone describes three exemplars that are variations on limitation and are "extraordinary" in that they change what constitutes future research in each domain. Malcolm Gladwell's present day study of outliers makes a…

  2. COMPUTATIONAL TOXICOLOGY ADVANCES: EMERGING CAPABILITIES FOR DATA EXPLORATION AND SAR MODEL DEVELOPMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Computational Toxicology Advances: Emerging capabilities for data exploration and SAR model development
    Ann M. Richard and ClarLynda R. Williams, National Health & Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, US EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA; email: richard.ann@epa.gov

  3. Families: An Expanding Role for Professional Counselors. Proceedings of the Conference (San Antonio, Texas, February 1-3, 1986).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, George M.; And Others

    This document contains papers from a conference which targeted the needs and interests of counselors working with families. Individual papers in the book include: (1) "Economic, Social and Political Influences on Families" (Lynda Henley Walters); (2) "Family Structures and Stresses: A Counseling Perspective" (Edwin Herr); (3) "Cultural Diversity…

  4. Community Engagement in Local History: A Report on the Hemel at War Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbott, Lynda; Grayson, Richard S.

    2011-01-01

    This article, by Lynda Abbott and Richard Grayson, offers a fascinating example of collaboration between school and university, focused on the development of a community archive. The project--run as an extra-curricular activity--was originally inspired by a concern to preserve the personal stories of those whose lives were affected by the Second…

  5. The Times They are (Very Slowly) A-Changin'

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, Jennifer

    2006-01-01

    My article set out a radical view of how I believe tests for students of EIL should change both immediately and in the longer term. Exam boards, as Lynda Taylor acknowledges, are by nature conservative, so it was welcome to see in her response signs that testers are beginning to change their attitude towards English language norms. Nevertheless,…

  6. Adult Numeracy Development: Theory, Research, Practice. Series on Literacy: Research, Policy, and Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gal, Iddo, Ed.

    This book contains 16 papers on the theory, research, and practice of adult numeracy development. The following papers are included: "The Numeracy Challenge" (Iddo Gal); "Numeracy, Mathematics, and Adult Learning" (Diane Coben); "Building a Problem-Solving Environment for Teaching Mathematics" (Peter Kloosterman, Bin Hassan Mohamad-Ali, Lynda R.…

  7. JOHNSON, L. - DEDICATION (CEREMONIES) - JSC

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1973-09-05

    S73-33655 (1973) --- Left to right, Lynda Bird Johnson Robb, Charles Robb, Claudia "Lady Bird" Johnson, Texas Governor Dolph Briscoe, Christopher C. Kraft, Jr., James Webb, actor David Niven, and nurse Lt. Dolores B. "Dee" O'Hara with NASA officials during formal dedication ceremonies at JSC. Photo credit: NASA

  8. People

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2002-03-01

    Featuring relationships, personalities, interactions, environments and reputations involved in physics and education ON THE MAP (160) Greenhead College: getting great A-level results Kerry Parker PERSONALITY (161) Physics, sex and politics Lynda Williams, the Physics Chanteuse TEACHING ANECDOTES (163) Yuri Gagarin

  9. feature - Office of Cancer Clinical Proteomics Research

    Cancer.gov

    "Cancer is a disease of the genome," noted Lynda Chin, M.D., professor of dermatology, Harvard Medical School and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. "And understanding the impact of genomic changes in the proteome is critically important for converting genomic knowledge into something that a clinician can use on their patients."

  10. Outliers, Cheese, and Rhizomes: Variations on a Theme of Limitation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stone, Lynda

    2011-01-01

    All research has limitations, for example, from paradigm, concept, theory, tradition, and discipline. In this article Lynda Stone describes three exemplars that are variations on limitation and are "extraordinary" in that they change what constitutes future research in each domain. Malcolm Gladwell's present day study of outliers makes a…

  11. Community Engagement in Local History: A Report on the Hemel at War Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbott, Lynda; Grayson, Richard S.

    2011-01-01

    This article, by Lynda Abbott and Richard Grayson, offers a fascinating example of collaboration between school and university, focused on the development of a community archive. The project--run as an extra-curricular activity--was originally inspired by a concern to preserve the personal stories of those whose lives were affected by the Second…

  12. COMPUTATIONAL TOXICOLOGY ADVANCES: EMERGING CAPABILITIES FOR DATA EXPLORATION AND SAR MODEL DEVELOPMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Computational Toxicology Advances: Emerging capabilities for data exploration and SAR model development
    Ann M. Richard and ClarLynda R. Williams, National Health & Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, US EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA; email: richard.ann@epa.gov

  13. Politics of North Korean Refugees and Regional Security Implications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-01

    addressed the refugee issue. Suzanne Scholte sums it up succinctly in an editorial in the Korea Times: The Chinese Government and even U.S. policy...Suzanne Scholte , “What President Obama Should Do About North Korea,” Korea Times, January 27, 2009. 37 sees that it cannot do anything about the...International, 1993. Scholte , Suzanne. “What President Obama Should Do About North Korea.” Korea Times, 27 January 2009. “Security Council Wrestles with N

  14. Drag queens' use of language and the performance of blurred gendered and racial identities.

    PubMed

    Mann, Stephen L

    2011-01-01

    Building on Barrett (1998), this study provides a sociolinguistic analysis of the language used by Suzanne, a European-American drag queen, during her on-stage performance in the southeastern United States. Suzanne uses wigs and costumes to portray a female character on stage, but never hides the fact that she is biologically male. She is also a member of a predominantly African-American cast. Through her creative use of linguistic features such as stylemixing (i.e., the use of linguistic features shared across multiple language varieties) and expletives, Suzanne is able to perform an identity that frequently blurs gender and racial lines.

  15. Comment on "Assessment of new DFT methods for predicting vibrational spectra and structure of cisplatin: Which density functional should we choose for studying platinum(II) complexes?" [Spectrochim. Acta A125 (2014) 431-439

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marques, Maria Paula M.; Batista de Carvalho, Luis A. E.; Parker, Stewart F.

    2015-02-01

    As researchers in the field of Pt(II) and Pd(II) compounds as potential anticancer agents, we were surprised by the recent paper by Malik and Michalska (hereafter MM) on the application of DFT methods to cisplatin

  16. A Discrete Model for an Ill-Posed Nonlinear Parabolic PDE

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-02-23

    analysis also has implications to related ill posed nonlinear PDEs for the one- dimensional Perona - Malik equation in image processing and to models for clustering instabilities in granular materials.

  17. Travelers' Health: Natural Disasters and Environmental Hazards

    MedlinePlus

    ... Diving Environmental Hazards Armin Ansari, Suzanne Beavers AIR Air pollution has decreased in many parts of the world, ... international air quality sites. Historical data on outdoor air pollution in urban areas are available from the World ...

  18. ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICANTS AND DISRUPTED MAMMARY GLAND DEVELOPMENT: THE WINDOW OF SUSCEPTIBILITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Environmental Toxicants and Altered Mammary Gland Development: The window of susceptibility. Suzanne E. Fenton, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711

    There are several enviro...

  19. ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICANTS AND ALTERED MAMMARY GLAND DEVELOPMENT: THE WINDOW OF SUSCEPTIBILITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Environmental Toxicants and Altered Mammary Gland Development: The window of susceptibility. Suzanne E. Fenton, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711

    There are several environm...

  20. Bringing students together: The impact of the FOSTER Program for teachers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Keller, John; Williams, Suzanne

    1995-01-01

    This paper is a case study of how the Flight Opportunities for Teacher EnRichment (FOSTER) Project influenced the teaching, curriculum, and lives of two precollege teachers, John Keller and Suzanne Williams.

  1. 75 FR 57974 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-23

    ..., Janice Aytes, Michael L. Bacon, Roxana Baldwin, William D. Baroukh, Nader Barr, Suzanne E. Bathurst, Donald Beckham, Steward D. ] Benda, Francis Bertucci, Theresa C. Bester-Markowitz, Margot Borkowski,...

  2. 77 FR 33496 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection, Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... Foundation. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The National Science Foundation (NSF) is announcing plans to request... addressed to Suzanne Plimpton, Reports Clearance Officer, National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Boulevard...

  3. 77 FR 43373 - Emergency Clearance; Public Information Collection Requirements Submitted to the Office of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... Budget; Notice AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION: Emergency Clearance: Public Information... addressed to Suzanne Plimpton, Reports Clearance Officer, National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Blvd., Rm...

  4. ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICANTS AND DISRUPTED MAMMARY GLAND DEVELOPMENT: THE WINDOW OF SUSCEPTIBILITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Environmental Toxicants and Altered Mammary Gland Development: The window of susceptibility. Suzanne E. Fenton, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711

    There are several enviro...

  5. ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICANTS AND ALTERED MAMMARY GLAND DEVELOPMENT: THE WINDOW OF SUSCEPTIBILITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Environmental Toxicants and Altered Mammary Gland Development: The window of susceptibility. Suzanne E. Fenton, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711

    There are several environm...

  6. Bringing students together: The impact of the FOSTER Program for teachers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Keller, John; Williams, Suzanne

    1995-01-01

    This paper is a case study of how the Flight Opportunities for Teacher EnRichment (FOSTER) Project influenced the teaching, curriculum, and lives of two precollege teachers, John Keller and Suzanne Williams.

  7. Distributed Wind Cost Reduction: Learning from Solar

    SciTech Connect

    Tegen, Suzanne

    2016-02-23

    The distributed wind energy industry can learn several lessons from the solar industry regarding reducing soft costs. Suzanne Tegen presented this overview at the 2016 Distributed Wind Energy Association Business Conference in Washington, D.C., on February 23, 2016.

  8. Robust Optimal Filtering and Argument Transforming for Feedback Controlling Optical Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-11-07

    Convexity Tikhonov T 1 Yes Total Variation t t2 1 Yes Bouman and Sauer tα 0.5<αə αtα-1 0.5<αə Yes Perona and Malik 1-exp(-t) exp(-t) No...t+12 1 Yes The above methods were numerically analyzed. The Tikhonov and Perona - Malik approaches were found as the most promising. The first

  9. Shape, Illumination, and Reflectance from Shading

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-29

    Shape, Illumination, and Reflectance from Shading Jonathan Barron Jitendra Malik Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences University of...S) AND ADDRESS(ES) University of California at Berkeley, Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences,Berkeley,CA,94720 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION...images [2], [3]. We will construct priors similar to those used � J.T. Barron and J. Malik are with the Department of Electrical Engi- neering and

  10. Risk Propensity in Soldiers Post-deployment: A Series of Studies Exploring Contributing Factors to Risk-taking after a Combat Deployment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-09-01

    the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory (DRRI). The original DRRI was developed by Drs. Daniel King, Lynda King, and Dawne Vogt (2003) for the...hostility, activity, and sociability (Zuckerman, Kuhlman, Joireman, Teta, & Kraft, 1993). The 17-item PTSD Checklist (Bliese, Wright, Adler, Cabrera ...disorders. 4th ed., text revision. Washington, DC: Author. Bliese, P. D., Wright, K. M., Adler, A. B., Cabrera , O., Castro, C. A., and Hoge, C.W. 2008

  11. Aircraft Survivability: Susceptibility Reduction, Summer 2006

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    established during the Vietnam War. 12 IR Photonic Bandgap Fibers for Missile Defense by Ishwar D . Aggarwal, Lynda E. Busse, Jas S. Sanghera, and L. Brandon...labora- tory (12 years) and at Sikorsky Aircraft (4 years) he was a key contributor and leader in the development and application of survivability...explosive and surrounding air are mod- eled as fluids in an Eulerian domain . The warhead structures, including frag- ments and end caps, are modeled in

  12. Characterization of asgC a Gene Required for Cell-Cell Signaling Early Development of Myxococcus Xanthus

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Plamann, Lynda and Heidi B. Kaplan. 1998. Cell-density sensing during early development in Myxococcus xanthus.. In G. Dunney and S. Winans (ed...and Heidi B. Kaplan. 1998. Cell-density sensing during early development in Myxococcus xanthus.. In G. Dunney and S. Winans (ed.), Cell-cell...conjugative transfer of plasmid RP4. J Bacteriol 176: 4285-4295. Bibb, M.J., Findlay , P.R., and Johnson, M.W. (1984) The relationship between base

  13. Discovery of Novel Gene Elements Associated with Prostate Cancer Progression

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-01

    Biotechnol. 2011;29(8):742-9. 3. Prensner JR, Chen W, Iyer MK, Cao Q, Ma T, Han S, Sahu A, Malik R, Wilder- Romans K, Navone N, Logothetis CJ, Araujo JC...A, Malik R, Wilder- Romans K, Navone N, Logothetis CJ, Araujo JC, Pisters LL, Tewari AK, Canman CE, Knudsen KE, Kitabayashi N, Rubin MA, Demichelis F... Araujo , A.K. Tewari, F.Y. Feng Study supervision: A.M. Chinnaiyan, F.Y. Feng Provided experimental design input regarding analyzing homologous

  14. Desert Guerrillas: Psychological Social and Economic Characteristics of the Bedouin Which Lend Themselves to Irregular Warfare

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-11-14

    are drawn predominately from Khair Al Diin Al Zarkalli’s Shibhu Al Jagzira fii "ahid Al Malik Abdul Aziz, which contains one of the few detailed...Arabia Unified, (London, 1982), p. 1. 41 41. Khair Al Diin Al Zurkali, Shibhu Al Jaziira fii ’ahid Al Malik Abdul Aziz volume 1, (Beirut, 1985), pp. 150...1982. Al Ashai’iin, Abdullah Salih. Tariikh Al Mamluka Al larabiva Al Sa~uia. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: King Saud University, 1984. Al Zurkali, Khair Al Din

  15. A new nonlocal nonlinear diffusion of image processing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guidotti, Patrick

    A novel nonlocal nonlinear diffusion is analyzed which has proven useful as a denoising tool in image processing. The equation can be viewed as a new paradigm for the regularization of the well-known Perona-Malik equation. The regularization is implemented via nonlinearity intensity reduction through fractional derivatives. Well-posedness in the weak setting is established. Global existence and convergence to the average holds in the purely diffusive limit whereas an interesting dynamic behavior is engendered by the presence of nontrivial equilibria as the intensity of the nonlinearity is increased and comes close to the one of Perona-Malik.

  16. Binary Classification and the Subtractive Approach.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-09-01

    AR[l 1,t AFAMRL-TR-83-050 BINARY CLASSIFICATION AND THE SUBTRACTIVE APPROACH Gregory M. Corso Georgia Institute of Technology Suzanne Kelly 9 Danny E...GRANT NUMBER(O) Gregory M. Corso * F49620-82-C-0035 Suzanne Kelly Danny E. Bridges, TSgt, USAF 9 PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME AND ADDRESS 10. PROGRAM...A NA3 1 BINARY CLASSIFICATION AND THE SABTRACTIVE APPROACH(A) 1/1 EDUCATION INC ST CLOUD FL G M CORSO ET AL. SEP 83 UNCLASSIFIED AFAMRL-T 83 050

  17. Alternatives to Greek-Letter Organizations Warrant a Second Look

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    David, Marc C.

    2004-01-01

    Because of the discriminatory practices and lack of appeal of many predominantly White Greek-letter organizations, students of color sought the development of their own. Alpha Phi Alpha, Rho Psi, MALIK Sigma Psi, Lambda Theta Phi, and Alpha Pi Omega set the stage for later African American, Asian, African, Latino and American Indian Greek-letter…

  18. Handwriting Identification, Matching, and Indexing in Noisy Document Images

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    from Prof. Serge Belongie and Prof. Jitendra Malik. The synthesized data sets used in Section 5.6.2 were generated by Chui and Rangarajan, and...Press, Cambridge, MA, 1986. [54] K.J. Lang , A.H. Waibel, and G.E. Hinton, “A time-delay neural network architec- ture for isolated word recognition

  19. 78 FR 7738 - Notice of Request for Revision to and Extension of Approval of an Information Collection...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-04

    ... Solanum spp. to Prevent the Introduction of Potato Brown Rot AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection... Pelargonium spp. and Solanum spp. to prevent the introduction of potato brown rot into the United States... Pelargonium spp. and Solanum spp. to prevent introduction of potato brown rot, contact Dr. Vedpal Malik...

  20. Higher Education and Women's Empowerment in Pakistan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malik, Samina; Courtney, Kathy

    2011-01-01

    This paper summarises the findings of a 2005 doctoral study by Malik which explored to what extent participation in higher education offers empowerment to women in Pakistan. A survey instrument was used to question female faculty members and female students from 10 public universities in Pakistan; 1290 students and 290 faculty members responded.…

  1. Lung Cancer Clinical Trials: Advances in Immunotherapy

    Cancer.gov

    New treatments for lung cancer and aspects of joining a clinical trial are discussed in this 30-minute Facebook Live event, hosted by NCI’s Dr. Shakun Malik, head of thoracic oncology therapeutics, and Janet Freeman-Daily, lung cancer patient activist and founding member of #LCSM.

  2. Department of Defense Spacelift in a Fiscally Constrained Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-16

    59 Figure 11. Taurus II Concept ............................................................................................61 Figure 12. Ariane 5...GPS) constellation following the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster (The Boeing Company 2011a). Boeing designed and provided the Delta II launch...known as Constellation (Malik 2010). Additionally, the Secretary of Defense has increased DoD-wide emphasis on improving acquisition and contracting

  3. Google Moon Press Conference

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-07-19

    Michael Weiss-Malik, Product Manager for Moon in Google Earth, Google, Inc., speaks during a press conference, Monday, July 20, 2009, announcing the launch of Moon in Google Earth, an immersive 3D atlas of the Moon, accessible within Google Earth 5.0, Monday, July 20, 2009, at the Newseum in Washington. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)

  4. Spike Train Driven Dynamical Models for Human Actions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2003. 6 [9] A. Efros, A. Berg, G. Mori, and J. Malik . Recognizing action at a distance. In Proc. of...A. Witkin and Z. Popovic. Motion warping. In SIGGRAPH, 1995. 5 [31] F. Xiaolin and P. Perona . Human action recognition by sequence of movelet codewords. Proc. of 3D Data Processing Visualization and Transmission, 2002. 1

  5. An Invariant Representation for Matching Trajectories Across Uncalibrated Video Streams

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-05-01

    Proc. of ACM Multimedia, 1997. 6. A. Efros, A. Berg, G. Mori and J. Malik . “Recognizing Action at a Distance”. Proc. of ICCV, 2003. 7. R. Fergus, P... Perona , and A. Zisserman. “A Visual Category Filter for Google Images”. Proc. of ECCV, 2004. 8. P. Gros. “How to Use the Cross Ratio to Compute Projective

  6. Assured Wireless Networking: Peer-Based Validation via Spectral Clustering

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    IEEE Computer Society, 2007, pp. 113–122. 5. J. Shi and J. Malik , “Normalized cuts and image segmentation,” in IEEE Conf. Computer Vision and Pattern...Symposium on Mathematical Statistics and Probability, Berkeley, CA, USA, 1967, pp. 281–297. 11. L. Zelnik-Manor and P. Perona , “Self-tuning

  7. Geopolitical Dynamics of Southwest Asia: The Aftermath of Afghanistan and Iran-Iraq War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-03-23

    Hafeez Malik, p. 56. 36. A. I. Akram , LTG (Retd), Reflections on South Asian Security, in Regional Studies, Islamabad, Autumn 1984, p. 5. 37. Agha Shahi...January 1988, p. 30. 3 39 BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Akram , A. I. LTG (Retd). Reflections on South Asian Security, Institute of Regional Studies, Islamabad, 1984. 2

  8. Techniques for Increasing Slavic Program Enrollments: A Collection of Success Stories.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jarvis, Donald K., Ed.

    This volume contains descriptions of successful Slavic language programs. The topics considered are: (1) community and institutional support; (2) programs for out-of-class practice; and (3) limited focus programs. The following articles are included: (1) "The University of Arizona Russian Program," by J. Malik, Jr.; (2) "Building from an…

  9. An Engineering Paraprofessional Workforce for Space -- There is a Better Way

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-04-01

    additionally thank the following military officers: Captain Abudl-Malik Freeman of the Headquarters Space Division Contracting Office for providing technical...34The Next Fifty Years in Space." Aerospace, Vol. 24, No. 3 (Fail 1986), p. 2. 25 CONTINUED 12. Wailerstein. George. Strategic Defense Costs." Avation

  10. A Period Graph Throughput Estimator for Multiprocessor Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    primitive blocks, as is done in the Ptolemy system [3]. Analytical techniques also exist. Li and Malik [14] have proposed algorithms for estimating the... Ptolemy : A framework for simulating and prototyping het- erogeneous systems. International Journal of Computer Simulation, January 1994. [4] Carter

  11. Techniques for Increasing Slavic Program Enrollments: A Collection of Success Stories.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jarvis, Donald K., Ed.

    This volume contains descriptions of successful Slavic language programs. The topics considered are: (1) community and institutional support; (2) programs for out-of-class practice; and (3) limited focus programs. The following articles are included: (1) "The University of Arizona Russian Program," by J. Malik, Jr.; (2) "Building from an…

  12. Higher Education and Women's Empowerment in Pakistan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malik, Samina; Courtney, Kathy

    2011-01-01

    This paper summarises the findings of a 2005 doctoral study by Malik which explored to what extent participation in higher education offers empowerment to women in Pakistan. A survey instrument was used to question female faculty members and female students from 10 public universities in Pakistan; 1290 students and 290 faculty members responded.…

  13. The Last Phase of Process Change - Deployment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-11-01

    adoption of the change has reached Adoption infusion (depth) How deeply embedded into the practices of the organization is the new process Adoption business ... success Return on Investment data that determines if the effort to adopt the change was worthwhile Reference Suzanne Garcia and Richard Turner’s

  14. AN ADDITIVE EFFECT OF A MIXTURE OF AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE AND SODIUM CHLORATE ON PITUTARY-THYROID AXIS IN MALE F-344 RATS

    EPA Science Inventory

    An Additive Effect of a Mixture of Ammonium Perchlorate
    and Sodium Chlorate on Pitutary-Thyroid Axis in Male F-344 Rats

    Moazzam A. Khan 1,2,, 3Suzanne E. Fenton. 2Adam E. Swank, ZGeremy W. Knapp, 2Susan D.
    Hester, and 2Douglas C. Wolf. 1NRC, 2Environmental Carcinog...

  15. INFLUENCE OF ENDOCRINE DISRUPTING COMPOUNDS (EDCS) ON MAMMARY GLAND DEVELOPMENT AND TUMOR SUSCEPTIBILITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Influence of Endocrine Disrupting Compounds (EDCs) on Mammary Gland Development and Tumor Susceptibility.

    Suzanne E. Fenton1, and Jennifer Rayner1,2

    1 Reproductive Toxicology Division, NHEERL/ORD, U.S. EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC, and 2 Department of Environmen...

  16. Local History and the Exemplary Award Winner: Letting Students Take Charge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haskvitz, Alan

    1989-01-01

    Describes a history program at the Suzanne Middle School, Walnut, California, in which students create, design, and promote local history activities. Emphasizes the accomplishments of the program, including a rise in the school's state test scores from the twenty-second percentile to the ninety-fourth percentile. (RW)

  17. Skylab 2 astronauts at welcome home ceremonies at Ellington AFB

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    Scientist-Astronaut Joseph P. Kerwin, science pilot for the Skylab 2 mission, speaks to a crowd at Ellington Air Force Base during welcome home ceremonies for the crew. Astronaut Paul J. Weitz, pilot, is at center; and Astronaut Charles Conrad Jr., crew commander, is at right. The wives, standing by their husbands, are (l-r) Shirley Kerwin, Suzanne Weitz and Jane Conrad.

  18. Japan Association for Language Teaching (JALT) Journal, 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swenson, Tamara, Ed.

    1996-01-01

    The two issues of the journal for teachers of English as a second language in Japan include these articles: "What Do JTEs Really Want?" (Wendy F. Scholefield); "Do EFL Learners Make Instrumental Inferences When Reading? Some Evidence from Implicit Memory Tests" (Suzanne Collins, Hidetsugu Tajika); "Function and Structure…

  19. AN ADDITIVE EFFECT OF A MIXTURE OF AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE AND SODIUM CHLORATE ON PITUTARY-THYROID AXIS IN MALE F-344 RATS

    EPA Science Inventory

    An Additive Effect of a Mixture of Ammonium Perchlorate
    and Sodium Chlorate on Pitutary-Thyroid Axis in Male F-344 Rats

    Moazzam A. Khan 1,2,, 3Suzanne E. Fenton. 2Adam E. Swank, ZGeremy W. Knapp, 2Susan D.
    Hester, and 2Douglas C. Wolf. 1NRC, 2Environmental Carcinog...

  20. LATE GESTATIONAL ATRAZINE EXPOSURE DECREASES MATERNAL BEHAVIOR IN LONG-EVANS RATS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Late Gestational Atrazine Exposure Alters Maternal Nursing Behavior in Rats

    Jennifer L. Rayner1 and Suzanne E. Fenton2

    1 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, DESE, Chapel Hill, NC, and 2 USEPA/ ORD/NHEERL/Reproductive Toxicology Division, RTP, NC.

    At...

  1. DETECTION OF A CRITICAL PERIOD NECESSARY FOR ATRAZINE-INDUCED MAMMARY GLAND DELAYS IN RATS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Detection of a Critical Period Necessary for Atrazine-Induced Mammary Gland Delays in Rats.

    Jennifer L. Rayner1 and Suzanne E. Fenton2

    1 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, DESE, Chapel Hill, NC, and 2 Reproductive Toxicology Division, USEPA, NHEERL/ORD, R...

  2. Detection and Evaluation of Early Breast Cancer via Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Studies of Mouse Models and Clinical Implementation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-01

    1. Sanaz A. Jansen, Tatjana Paunesku, GayleWoloschak, Stefan Vogt, Suzanne Conzen, Gillian M . Newstead and Gregory S. Karczmar. Why do Ductal...3. Sanaz A. Jansen, Xiaobing Fan, Gregory Karczmar, Maryellen Giger, Hiroyuki Abe and Gillian M . Newstead. Are Kinetic Parameters Diagnostically...4. Sanaz A. Jansen, Gregory Karczmar, Akiko Shimauchi, Hiroyuki Abe and Gillian M . Newstead. Are Kinetic Parameters Related to Prognostic

  3. The Evaluation Exchange. Volume 14, Numbers 1-2 Spring 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bouffard, Suzanne, Ed; Weiss, Abby; DeDeo, Carrie-Anne, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    This issue of "The Evaluation Exchange" spotlights one of the central components of complementary learning: family involvement. There are 28 articles herein: (1) "Thinking Big: A New Framework for Family Involvement Policy, Practice, and Research" (Suzanne Bouffard and Heather Weiss) reframes family involvement as part of a broader complementary…

  4. Frontiers in Sedimentary Geology: Microstructure of Fine-Grained Sediments from Mud to Shale

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-01-01

    Detrital, Deep Sea Mud(stone)s ( California Continental Borderland ) as Shown by Backscattered Electron Microscopy ............... 203 Suzanne Reynolds...Reflection profiling studies of the California continental borderland : structure and Quaternary turbidite basins. Geological Society of Sedimentary features...basins of the California Con- cantly. The problem could be avoided by coating with carbon, tinental Borderland (Fig. 2 1. . although that method is more

  5. IDENTIFYING RECRUITMENT AND RETENTION ISSUES FOR THE NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Recruitment and Retention Issues for the National Children's Study
    Danelle T Lobdell1, Suzanne Gilboa2, Pauline Mendola1 (1US EPA, NHEERL; 2UNC Chapel Hill)

    A better understanding of the most effective recruitment techniques and retention strategies for longitudinal, co...

  6. Class on Fire: Using the Hunger Games Trilogy to Encourage Social Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmons, Amber M.

    2012-01-01

    This article explores ways to utilize students' interest in fantasy literature to support critical literacy. Focusing on Suzanne Collins's The Hunger Games series (2008, 2009, 2010), the author addresses how elements of the trilogy relate to violent acts in our world, helping student understand that violence and brutality toward children is not…

  7. "The Hunger Games" and Project-Based Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Horizons, 2013

    2013-01-01

    Mary Mobley teaches English and Michael Chambers teaches world history at Manor New Technology High School, a STEM school, in Manor, Texas. In this article, they talk about how they used "The Hunger Games" by Suzanne Collins to teach their students about forms of government between World War I and World War II, and "Edutopia"…

  8. Responsible Grammar Rebels: Using the Hunger Games Trilogy to Teach the Intentional Sentence Fragment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmons, Amber M.

    2016-01-01

    Building off of students' interest in popular apocalyptic/dystopian literature, this article explores how passages from Suzanne Collins's "The Hunger Games" trilogy aided in teaching students how to successfully rebel against traditional grammar rules, looking at fragments as intentional stylistic choices. Employing the values of…

  9. The Games People Play: Information and Media Literacies in the Hunger Games Trilogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Latham, Don; Hollister, Jonathan M.

    2014-01-01

    Katniss Everdeen, the narrator and protagonist of Suzanne Collins' Hunger Games Trilogy, survives the grueling ordeal of forced participation in two games to the death through both physical prowess and mental agility. Both within and outside of the Games, she demonstrates information and media literacies. By becoming adept at interpreting and…

  10. PROLACTIN-INDUCED TYROSINE PHOSPHORYLATION, ACTIVATION AND RECEPTOR ASSOCIATION OF FOCAL ADHESION KINASE (FAK) IN MAMMARY EPITHELIAL CELLS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Prolactin-Induced Tyrosine Phosphorylation, Activation and Receptor
    Association of Focal Adhesion Kinase (FAK) in Mammary Epithelial Cells.
    Suzanne E. Fenton1 and Lewis G. Sheffield2. 1U.S. Environmental Protection
    Agency, MD-72, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, and

  11. A NOVEL EFFECT OF DIOXIN: EXPOSURE DURING PREGNANCY SEVERELY IMPAIRS MAMMARY GLAND DIFFERENTIATION

    EPA Science Inventory

    A novel effect of dioxin: Exposure during pregnancy severely impairs mammary gland differentiation.
    Beth A. Vorderstrasse1, Suzanne E. Fenton2, Andrea A. Bohn3, Jennifer A. Cundiff1, and B. Paige Lawrence1,3,4 1Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Washington State Universi...

  12. 76 FR 68791 - Notice of Availability for Public Comment on the Interagency Ocean Observing Committee Draft...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-07

    ... No: 2011-28731] NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Notice of Availability for Public Comment on the... AGENCY: National Science Foundation (NSF). ACTION: Notice of availability. SUMMARY: The National Science.... Suzanne H. Plimpton, Reports Clearance Officer, National Science Foundation. [FR Doc. 2011-28731 Filed...

  13. Defense Acquisitions: Assessments of Selected Major Weapon Programs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-01

    Rothlisberger , Rae Ann H. Sapp, James L. Morrison, Wendy P. Smythe, Sharon E. Sweeney, Robert S. Swierczek, and Karen S. Zuckerstein. The following...Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) Suzanne S. Olivieri/ Carol R. Cha/ James P. Tallon Space Based Infrared System High (SBIRS High) Nancy Rothlisberger

  14. Language, Epistemology, and Cultural Identity: "Hopiqatsit Aw Unangvakiwyungwa" ("They Have Their Heart in the Hopi Way of Life")

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicholas, Sheilah E.

    2010-01-01

    Daniel Nettle and Suzanne Romaine in "Vanishing Voices: The Extinction of the World's Languages" state that indigenous peoples represent about 4 percent of the world's population but speak at least 60 percent of the world's languages. They point out the reality of an ominous linguistic crisis of global proportions--languages die and continue to…

  15. The Effect of Triage on Patient Flow in an Outpatient Clinic.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-12-01

    951-954. 25. Fletcher, Suzanne W., Appel, Francis A., and Bourgois, Michele. "Improving Emergency-Room Patient Follow-Up in a Metropolitan Teaching...Doctors’ and Patients’ Views." The Lancet Vol. II for 1963 No. 7304 (August 24, 1963): 397-398. 68 27. Galton , Robert. The "Nurse Clinician Coordinator

  16. Cognitive-Affective Predictors of the Uptake & Sustained Adherence to Lymphedema Symptom Minimization Practices in Breast Cancer Survivors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-08-01

    Uptake of, & Sustained Adherence to Lymphedema Symptom Minimization Practices in Breast Cancer Survivors PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Suzanne M. Miller...SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER Cognitive-Affective Predictors of the Uptake of, & Sustained Adherence to Lymphedema Symptom Minimization Practices in...SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14. ABSTRACT Approximately 20-30% of women develop lymphedema (LE) following breast cancer treatment. Effective symptom management

  17. Female Focalizers and Masculine Ideals: Gender as Performance in Twilight and the Hunger Games

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guanio-Uluru, Lykke

    2016-01-01

    Stephenie Meyer's "Twilight" series (2005-2008) and Suzanne Collins' "The Hunger Games" series (2008-2010) have been hugely successful and influential texts, both as best-selling literary works and as action movie franchises. (To avoid confusion, "Twilight" and "The Hunger Games" in this essay refer to the…

  18. Between Mere Tolerance and Robust Respect: Mutuality as a Basis for Civic Education in Pluralist Democracies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenblith, Suzanne; Bindewald, Benjamin

    2014-01-01

    This essay by Suzanne Rosenblith and Benjamin Bindewald is motivated by the question of how do those who value civic liberalism give the religiously orthodox a reason to engage in pluralist democratic deliberations in a manner that does not allow intolerance to undermine the foundations of liberal democracy. Introducing the idea of tolerance as…

  19. The NEA 2003 Almanac of Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Education Association, Washington, DC.

    This 10th anniversary edition of the almanac includes: "Foreword" (Rachel Hendrickson); "Overview" (Harold S. Wechsler); "Faculty Salaries: 2001-2002" (Suzanne B. Clery and John B. Lee); "Diversity, Nonstandard Work, and Academic Employment in the 21st Century" (Henry Lee Allen); "The Federal Role in…

  20. The NEA 2001 Almanac of Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wechsler, Harold S., Ed.

    This report contains seven articles on current issues in higher education and a separate faculty salary report for 1999-2000. Articles on the "Status of the Profession" are: (1) "Faculty Salaries, 1999-2000" (Suzanne B. Clery and John B. Lee); (2) "Unions and Faculty Governance" (Christine Maitland and Gary Rhoades);…

  1. The NEA 1998 Almanac of Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wechsler, Harold, Ed.

    This annual report contains six essays on current issues in higher education and a faculty salary report for 1996-97. The essays include: (1) "Faculty Salaries, 1996-97" (Suzanne B. Clery and John B. Lee), which notes that faculty salaries increased 3.1 percent for the year although the gap between the best- and lowest-paid faculty…

  2. The NEA 2000 Almanac of Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wechsler, Harold, Ed.

    This report contains seven articles on current issues in higher education and a separate faculty salary report for 1998-1999. Articles on the status of the profession are: (1) "Faculty Salaries, 1998-99" (Suzanne B. Clery and John B. Lee); (2) "Innovative Approaches to Bargaining" (Gary Rhoades and Christine Maitland); (3)…

  3. President's Remarks. More about Animals in Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bird, Stephanie J.

    1990-01-01

    Discussed is the complexity of the issue concerning the use of live animals as subjects in laboratory tests. Included is a column written by Dr. Suzanne L. Epstein that discusses some of the advantages and disadvantages of use of tissue culture to replace laboratory animals. (CW)

  4. 66 FR 49343 - National Urban and Community Forestry Advisory Council

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2001-09-27

    ... Forest Service National Urban and Community Forestry Advisory Council AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA... notice in the Federal Register (66 FR 48114) of a National Urban and Community Forestry Advisory Council... INFORMATION CONTACT: Suzanne M. del Villar, Cooperative Forestry Staff, (209) 536-9201. Dated: September 20...

  5. IDENTIFYING RECRUITMENT AND RETENTION ISSUES FOR THE NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Recruitment and Retention Issues for the National Children's Study
    Danelle T Lobdell1, Suzanne Gilboa2, Pauline Mendola1 (1US EPA, NHEERL; 2UNC Chapel Hill)

    A better understanding of the most effective recruitment techniques and retention strategies for longitudinal, co...

  6. 78 FR 56942 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-16

    ... Street NW., Room 10235, Washington, DC 20503, and to Suzanne H. Plimpton, Reports Clearance Officer... indicators for submission annually to NSF via the Research Performance Project Reporting module in Research.... These indicators are both quantitative and descriptive and may include, for example, the...

  7. Mathematics Achievement Gaps between Suburban Students and Their Rural and Urban Peers Increase over Time. Issue Brief No. 52

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Suzanne E.; Provost, Lauren E.

    2012-01-01

    In this brief, authors Suzanne Graham and Lauren Provost examine whether attending a school in a rural, urban, or suburban community is related to children's mathematics achievement in kindergarten, and whether increases in mathematics achievement between kindergarten and eighth grade differ for children in rural, urban, and suburban schools. They…

  8. 78 FR 42027 - Proposed Amendment To Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Pension Benefit Statements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-15

    ... and can be retrieved by most Internet search engines. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Suzanne Adelman... Benefits Security Administration 29 CFR Part 2520 RIN 1210-AB20 Proposed Amendment To Advance Notice of.... Department of Labor. ACTION: Notice of Extension of Comment Period for Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking...

  9. Female Focalizers and Masculine Ideals: Gender as Performance in Twilight and the Hunger Games

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guanio-Uluru, Lykke

    2016-01-01

    Stephenie Meyer's "Twilight" series (2005-2008) and Suzanne Collins' "The Hunger Games" series (2008-2010) have been hugely successful and influential texts, both as best-selling literary works and as action movie franchises. (To avoid confusion, "Twilight" and "The Hunger Games" in this essay refer to the…

  10. Eye-Tracking: An Alternative Vigilance Detector

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-01

    CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON Suzanne Smith a. REPORT U...software recorded a variety of measurements including eye-blink duration (EBD), eye-blink frequency (EBF), eye-blink velocity ( EBV ), percentage of time

  11. General McClellan and the Politicians Revisited

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    and the Liberal Tradition in America: The Clash with Military Realism ,” in American Civil-Military Relations, ed. Suzanne C. Nielsen and Don M...me, by some strange operation of magic I seem to have become the power of the land.” It was not just in the executive branch that McClellan found

  12. DETECTION OF A CRITICAL PERIOD NECESSARY FOR ATRAZINE-INDUCED MAMMARY GLAND DELAYS IN RATS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Detection of a Critical Period Necessary for Atrazine-Induced Mammary Gland Delays in Rats.

    Jennifer L. Rayner1 and Suzanne E. Fenton2

    1 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, DESE, Chapel Hill, NC, and 2 Reproductive Toxicology Division, USEPA, NHEERL/ORD, R...

  13. LATE GESTATIONAL ATRAZINE EXPOSURE DECREASES MATERNAL BEHAVIOR IN LONG-EVANS RATS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Late Gestational Atrazine Exposure Alters Maternal Nursing Behavior in Rats

    Jennifer L. Rayner1 and Suzanne E. Fenton2

    1 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, DESE, Chapel Hill, NC, and 2 USEPA/ ORD/NHEERL/Reproductive Toxicology Division, RTP, NC.

    At...

  14. Action Learning Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1998

    This document contains four papers from a symposium on adult learning issues and human resource development (HRD). "Creating a Systemic Framework for the Transfer of Learning from an Action Learning Experience" (Suzanne D. Butterfield, Kitty Gold, Verna J. Willis) discusses a study of the organizational elements that affect learning and…

  15. PROLACTIN-INDUCED TYROSINE PHOSPHORYLATION, ACTIVATION AND RECEPTOR ASSOCIATION OF FOCAL ADHESION KINASE (FAK) IN MAMMARY EPITHELIAL CELLS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Prolactin-Induced Tyrosine Phosphorylation, Activation and Receptor
    Association of Focal Adhesion Kinase (FAK) in Mammary Epithelial Cells.
    Suzanne E. Fenton1 and Lewis G. Sheffield2. 1U.S. Environmental Protection
    Agency, MD-72, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, and

  16. EXPOSURE PARAMETERS NECESSARY FOR DELAYED PUBERTY AND MAMMARY GLAND DEVELOPMENT IN LONG-EVANS RATS EXPOSED IN UTERO TO ATRAZINE

    EPA Science Inventory

    Exposure Parameters Necessary For Delayed Puberty And Mammary Gland Development In Long-Evans Rats Exposed In Utero To Atrazine

    Jennifer L. Rayner1, 2, Carmen Wood2, and Suzanne E. Fenton2

    1 Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, School of Public Heal...

  17. President's Remarks. More about Animals in Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bird, Stephanie J.

    1990-01-01

    Discussed is the complexity of the issue concerning the use of live animals as subjects in laboratory tests. Included is a column written by Dr. Suzanne L. Epstein that discusses some of the advantages and disadvantages of use of tissue culture to replace laboratory animals. (CW)

  18. ASPESA Papers, Number 9 (November 1990) and Number 10 (June 1991).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardie, John, Ed.

    1991-01-01

    This document consists of two consecutive issues of "ASPESA Papers", containing 5 and 6 papers, respectively, as follows: (1) "Human Realities and Technology in Distance Learning" (John G. Hedberg and Suzanne McNamara); (2) "A National Distance Education Admissions System," (Gavin Moodie); (3) "What's in a…

  19. BCVA: Can recycled manure make a safe bed for cattle?

    PubMed

    Jarvis, Suzanne

    2014-11-15

    The use of recycled manure solids for cattle bedding was among the subjects considered at the British Cattle Veterinary Association's congress last month. Both cattle and sheep vets gathered in Hinckley, Leicestershire, from October 16 to 18 to discuss a range of clinical and political issues. Suzanne Jarvis reports.

  20. Toward Disciplinary Literacy: Dilemmas and Challenges in Designing History Curriculum to Support Middle School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duhaylongsod, Leslie; Snow, Catherine E.; Selman, Robert L.; Donovan, M. Suzanne

    2015-01-01

    In this article, Leslie Duhaylongsod, Catherine E. Snow, Robert L. Selman, and M. Suzanne Donovan describe the principles behind the design of curricular units that offer disciplinary literacy support in the subject of history for middle school students who represent a wide range of reading levels, and for their teachers, whose own subject matter…

  1. Visual Medium in the Service and Disservice of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Wan-chi

    2001-01-01

    There are different ways of exploring and examining the visual medium in the service and disservice of education. A discursive form rather than a visual medium is chosen in this attempt. Utilizing the conceptualizations of Suzanne Langer, Christine Nystrom observed that American symbolic environments have undergone a massive shift from discursive…

  2. 78 FR 3453 - Notice of Intent To Seek Approval To Establish an Information Collection System

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... respondent burden, the National Science Foundation (NSF) is inviting the general public or other Federal... INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Suzanne H. Plimpton, Reports Clearance Officer, National Science Foundation, 4201...

  3. The NEA 2000 Almanac of Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wechsler, Harold, Ed.

    This report contains seven articles on current issues in higher education and a separate faculty salary report for 1998-1999. Articles on the status of the profession are: (1) "Faculty Salaries, 1998-99" (Suzanne B. Clery and John B. Lee); (2) "Innovative Approaches to Bargaining" (Gary Rhoades and Christine Maitland); (3)…

  4. Local History and the Exemplary Award Winner: Letting Students Take Charge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haskvitz, Alan

    1989-01-01

    Describes a history program at the Suzanne Middle School, Walnut, California, in which students create, design, and promote local history activities. Emphasizes the accomplishments of the program, including a rise in the school's state test scores from the twenty-second percentile to the ninety-fourth percentile. (RW)

  5. Practical User Experience Design for School Libraries: 5 Tips for Improving Day-to-Day Life for Your Users...and You!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sannwald, Suzanne

    2017-01-01

    Suzanne Sannwald is the school librarian at West Hills High School in the Grossmont Union High School District, in San Diego's East County region. While working for a couple of years in a corporate setting prior to her current position, Sannwald learned about everything from organizational development and leadership to marketing and customer…

  6. 78 FR 59978 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-30

    ... methodology and assumptions used; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility and clarity of the information to... Street, NW. Room 10235, Washington, DC 20503, and to Suzanne H. Plimpton, Reports Clearance Officer....C. 2000d (prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race, color, and national origin in...

  7. Toward Disciplinary Literacy: Dilemmas and Challenges in Designing History Curriculum to Support Middle School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duhaylongsod, Leslie; Snow, Catherine E.; Selman, Robert L.; Donovan, M. Suzanne

    2015-01-01

    In this article, Leslie Duhaylongsod, Catherine E. Snow, Robert L. Selman, and M. Suzanne Donovan describe the principles behind the design of curricular units that offer disciplinary literacy support in the subject of history for middle school students who represent a wide range of reading levels, and for their teachers, whose own subject matter…

  8. The Games People Play: Information and Media Literacies in the Hunger Games Trilogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Latham, Don; Hollister, Jonathan M.

    2014-01-01

    Katniss Everdeen, the narrator and protagonist of Suzanne Collins' Hunger Games Trilogy, survives the grueling ordeal of forced participation in two games to the death through both physical prowess and mental agility. Both within and outside of the Games, she demonstrates information and media literacies. By becoming adept at interpreting and…

  9. 76 FR 76158 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; RCRA Expanded...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-06

    ... . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michael Pease, (5303P), Environmental Protection Agency, 1200...; email address: pease.michael@epa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: How can I access the docket and/or... Pease at (703) 308-0008 or pease.michael@epa.gov . Dated: November 22, 2011. Suzanne Rudzinski, Director...

  10. Corps and Division Command Staff Turnover in the 1980s

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-10-01

    4timR 7 AUTMOR(a) I. CONTRACT OR GRANT NUMSERtj James P. Kahan MDA903-85-C-0059 9. PERFORrMING ORGANIZATION MAMIE ANO AOORIESS 10. PROGRAM FLIEMIEt4T...Wesley Clark , and Captain Robert Fix graciously provided valuable discussions regarding the topic of this Note. At RAND, Ms. Suzanne Holroyd, Major

  11. Status of Ongoing Work in Software TRAs/TRLs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-29

    Suzanne M Garcia Miller . - Software & Systems Technology Conference (SSTC) 29 A il 2010 © 2010 Carnegie Mellon University pr Report...STATEMENT Approved for public release; distribution unlimited 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES Presented at the 22nd Systems and Software Technology Conference...when assessing specific aspects of software Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs) as they apply to candidates for the Critical Technology Elements (CTEs

  12. Centralized Library Services for Audiovisual Media. AV in Action 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nederlands Bibliotheek en Lektuur Centrum, The Hague (Netherlands).

    Designed to provide assistance to countries in developing centralized services to their libraries for nonbook materials, this pamphlet contains examples from five countries that have succeeded in establishing such services. Those examples include: (1) "The Central Library Service for AV-Materials in Denmark" (Suzanne Hemmeth…

  13. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING BREAST CANCER SUSCEPTIBILITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Environmental Factors Affecting Breast Cancer Susceptibility
    Suzanne. E. Fenton
    US EPA, ORD, MD-67 NHEERL, Reproductive Toxicology Division, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711.

    Breast cancer is still the most common malignancy afflicting women in the Western world. Alt...

  14. Inclusive Education: A Casebook and Readings for Prospective and Practicing Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wade, Suzanne E., Ed.

    This book presents readings and teaching cases designed to prepare teachers for inclusive education. Part 1, "Readings," provides an overview of issues related to inclusive education and describes approaches for creating inclusive classrooms and schools, including: (1) "Creating Inclusive Classrooms: An Overview" (Suzanne E. Wade and Judy Zone);…

  15. INFLUENCE OF ENDOCRINE DISRUPTING COMPOUNDS (EDCS) ON MAMMARY GLAND DEVELOPMENT AND TUMOR SUSCEPTIBILITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Influence of Endocrine Disrupting Compounds (EDCs) on Mammary Gland Development and Tumor Susceptibility.

    Suzanne E. Fenton1, and Jennifer Rayner1,2

    1 Reproductive Toxicology Division, NHEERL/ORD, U.S. EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC, and 2 Department of Environmen...

  16. Between Mere Tolerance and Robust Respect: Mutuality as a Basis for Civic Education in Pluralist Democracies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenblith, Suzanne; Bindewald, Benjamin

    2014-01-01

    This essay by Suzanne Rosenblith and Benjamin Bindewald is motivated by the question of how do those who value civic liberalism give the religiously orthodox a reason to engage in pluralist democratic deliberations in a manner that does not allow intolerance to undermine the foundations of liberal democracy. Introducing the idea of tolerance as…

  17. 78 FR 16502 - Emergency Access Advisory Committee; Announcement of Charter Extension

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-15

    ... Commission (FCC) is correcting a notice that appeared in the Federal Register of January 24, 2013. This... Singleton, Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau, (202) 810-1503, or Suzanne.Singleton@fcc.gov (email); and/or Zenji Nakazawa, Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau, (202) 418-7949,...

  18. The Evaluation Exchange. Volume 14, Numbers 1-2 Spring 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bouffard, Suzanne, Ed; Weiss, Abby; DeDeo, Carrie-Anne, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    This issue of "The Evaluation Exchange" spotlights one of the central components of complementary learning: family involvement. There are 28 articles herein: (1) "Thinking Big: A New Framework for Family Involvement Policy, Practice, and Research" (Suzanne Bouffard and Heather Weiss) reframes family involvement as part of a broader complementary…

  19. 76 FR 67187 - National Drinking Water Advisory Council; Notice of a Public Teleconference Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-31

    ... date will be forwarded to the Council members for their information and will become part of the... 20460; or by telephone at (202) 564-3887; or by email at kelly.suzanne@epa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY... Water Advisory Council: The 15 member Council was created by Congress on December 16, 1974, as part...

  20. We're Smarter Together: Building Professional Social Networks in English Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cercone, James

    2009-01-01

    The history between Cheektowaga Central and the University at Buffalo illustrates the benefits of forming long-term collaborative relationships between teacher education programs and local schools. In 1998, the author was approached by Suzanne Miller regarding the possibility of Meg Callahan, then a doctoral student at the University at Buffalo,…

  1. Action Learning Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1998

    This document contains four papers from a symposium on adult learning issues and human resource development (HRD). "Creating a Systemic Framework for the Transfer of Learning from an Action Learning Experience" (Suzanne D. Butterfield, Kitty Gold, Verna J. Willis) discusses a study of the organizational elements that affect learning and…

  2. Action Learning. Symposium 1. [AHRD Conference, 2001].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2001

    This document contains three papers on action learning. "Action Learning: Case Studies of Most Valued Learning and Application" (Suzanne D. Butterfield) reports on a qualitative study in which longitudinal data was collected from document analysis and first-line consulting managers who had participated in action learning. The study…

  3. Correction to Dittmar, Halliwell, and Ive (2006)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dittmar, Helga; Halliwell, Emma; Ive, Suzanne

    2006-01-01

    Reports an error in "Does Barbie make girls want to be thin? The effect of experimental exposure to images of dolls on the body image of 5- to 8-year-old girls" by Helga Dittmar, Emma Halliwell and Suzanne Ive ("Developmental Psychology," 2006 Mar, Vol 42[2], 283-292). A substantive error occurs in the Body shape dissatisfaction section on page…

  4. A NOVEL EFFECT OF DIOXIN: EXPOSURE DURING PREGNANCY SEVERELY IMPAIRS MAMMARY GLAND DIFFERENTIATION

    EPA Science Inventory

    A novel effect of dioxin: Exposure during pregnancy severely impairs mammary gland differentiation.
    Beth A. Vorderstrasse1, Suzanne E. Fenton2, Andrea A. Bohn3, Jennifer A. Cundiff1, and B. Paige Lawrence1,3,4 1Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Washington State Universi...

  5. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING BREAST CANCER SUSCEPTIBILITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Environmental Factors Affecting Breast Cancer Susceptibility
    Suzanne. E. Fenton
    US EPA, ORD, MD-67 NHEERL, Reproductive Toxicology Division, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711.

    Breast cancer is still the most common malignancy afflicting women in the Western world. Alt...

  6. EFFECTS FROM GESTATIONAL EXPOSURE TO A MIXTURE OF ATRAZINE AND IT'S BIOLOGICAL METABOLITES IN MALE LONG EVANS RATS

    EPA Science Inventory

    TITLE: EFFECTS FROM GESTATIONAL EXPOSURE TO A MIXTURE OF ATRAZINE AND ITS BIOLOGICAL METABOLITES IN MALE LONG EVANS RATS.
    Rolondo R. Enoch2, Sara N. Greiner 1, Geri L. Youngblood 1, Christine C. Davis 1, and Suzanne E. Fenton 1
    1 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, ORD, ...

  7. EFFECTS FROM GESTATIONAL EXPOSURE TO A MIXTURE OF ATRAZINE AND ITS BIOLOGICAL METABOLITES IN MALE LONG EVANS RATS

    EPA Science Inventory

    TITLE: EFFECTS FROM GESTATIONAL EXPOSURE TO A MIXTURE OF ATRAZINE AND ITS BIOLOGICAL METABOLITES IN MALE LONG EVANS RATS.
    Rolondo R. Enoch2, Sara N. Greiner 1, Geri L. Youngblood 1, Christine C. Davis 1, and Suzanne E. Fenton 1
    1 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, ORD, ...

  8. EFFECTS FROM GESTATIONAL EXPOSURE TO A MIXTURE OF ATRAZINE AND ITS METABOLITES IN MALE LONG EVANS RATS

    EPA Science Inventory

    TITLE: EFFECTS FROM GESTATIONAL EXPOSURE TO A MIXTURE OF ATRAZINE AND IT'S BIOLOGICAL METABOLITES IN MALE LONG EVANS RATS. Suzanne E. Fenton 1, Sara N. Greiner 1, Geri L. Youngblood 1 and Christine C. Davis 1
    1 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Reproductive Toxicology Divi...

  9. Close Encounters of the Best Kind: The Latest Sci-Fi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kunzel, Bonnie

    2008-01-01

    Not only is science fiction alive and well--it's flourishing. From the big screen (howdy, Wall-E) to the big books (like Suzanne Collins's The Hunger Games, which has attracted loads of prepublication praise), 2008 has been a great year for sci-fi. Publishers have released truckloads of new sci-fi titles this year, but what's particularly…

  10. Class on Fire: Using the Hunger Games Trilogy to Encourage Social Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmons, Amber M.

    2012-01-01

    This article explores ways to utilize students' interest in fantasy literature to support critical literacy. Focusing on Suzanne Collins's The Hunger Games series (2008, 2009, 2010), the author addresses how elements of the trilogy relate to violent acts in our world, helping student understand that violence and brutality toward children is not…

  11. "The Hunger Games" and Project-Based Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Horizons, 2013

    2013-01-01

    Mary Mobley teaches English and Michael Chambers teaches world history at Manor New Technology High School, a STEM school, in Manor, Texas. In this article, they talk about how they used "The Hunger Games" by Suzanne Collins to teach their students about forms of government between World War I and World War II, and "Edutopia"…

  12. Alliances in "The Hunger Games"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Painter, Judith

    2012-01-01

    This lesson plan is based on "The Hunger Games" by Suzanne Collins. Characters in "The Hunger Games" form alliances both inside and outside the arena. Katniss and Gale form alliances within District 12. Katniss, Peeta, and the other tributes form alliances for a variety of reasons during the Games. An alliance means that "someone's got your back"…

  13. Mapping Panem

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Painter, Judith

    2012-01-01

    This lesson plan is based on Suzanne Collins's book, "The Hunger Games." Katniss and Gale know about District 12 and the surrounding woods. Additionally, from television coverage, they know that there are twelve districts and the Capitol. District 13 used to exist until the rebellion. But where are these districts now that the geography…

  14. Entering the Arena: The Figured Worlds Transition of Preservice Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saunders, Jane M.; Ash, Gwynne Ellen

    2013-01-01

    The article describes a semester-long project that draws on Suzanne Collins' "The Hunger Games" as a resource and over-arching theme for preservice teachers taking a content area literacy course. We examine how preservice teachers learn to connect written texts to content area (disciplinary) literacy and consider ways to prepare them for…

  15. We're Smarter Together: Building Professional Social Networks in English Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cercone, James

    2009-01-01

    The history between Cheektowaga Central and the University at Buffalo illustrates the benefits of forming long-term collaborative relationships between teacher education programs and local schools. In 1998, the author was approached by Suzanne Miller regarding the possibility of Meg Callahan, then a doctoral student at the University at Buffalo,…

  16. Radar Cross-Section (RCS) Measurements of a Dismount With Rocket-Propelled Grenade (RPG) Launcher at Ka-Band

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-07-01

    corner reflector of known cross section was placed on the... Radar Cross - Section (RCS) Measurements of a Dismount with Rocket-Propelled Grenade (RPG) Launcher at Ka-Band by Suzanne R. Stratton and...Laboratory Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21005 ARL-TR-3855 July 2006 Radar Cross - Section (RCS) Measurements of a Dismount with

  17. Inclusive Education: A Casebook and Readings for Prospective and Practicing Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wade, Suzanne E., Ed.

    This book presents readings and teaching cases designed to prepare teachers for inclusive education. Part 1, "Readings," provides an overview of issues related to inclusive education and describes approaches for creating inclusive classrooms and schools, including: (1) "Creating Inclusive Classrooms: An Overview" (Suzanne E. Wade and Judy Zone);…

  18. Toward an Aristotelian Conception of Good Listening

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Suzanne

    2011-01-01

    In this essay Suzanne Rice examines Aristotle's ideas about virtue, character, and education as elements in an Aristotelian conception of good listening. Rice begins by surveying of several different contexts in which listening typically occurs, using this information to introduce the argument that what should count as "good listening" must be…

  19. Toward an Aristotelian Conception of Good Listening

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Suzanne

    2011-01-01

    In this essay Suzanne Rice examines Aristotle's ideas about virtue, character, and education as elements in an Aristotelian conception of good listening. Rice begins by surveying of several different contexts in which listening typically occurs, using this information to introduce the argument that what should count as "good listening" must be…

  20. ROLES OF EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR (EGF) AND TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR-ALPHA (TGF-A) IN MEDIATION OF DIOXIN (TCDD)-INDUCED DELAYS IN DEVELOPMENT OF THE MOUSE MAMMARY GLAND

    EPA Science Inventory

    Roles of Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) and Transforming Growth Factor-alpha (TGF-a) in Mediation of Dioxin (TCDD)-Induced Delays in Development of the Mouse Mammary Gland.
    Suzanne E. Fenton, Barbara Abbott, Lamont Bryant, and Angela Buckalew. U.S. EPA, NHEERL, Reproductive Tox...

  1. The NEA 1998 Almanac of Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wechsler, Harold, Ed.

    This annual report contains six essays on current issues in higher education and a faculty salary report for 1996-97. The essays include: (1) "Faculty Salaries, 1996-97" (Suzanne B. Clery and John B. Lee), which notes that faculty salaries increased 3.1 percent for the year although the gap between the best- and lowest-paid faculty…

  2. The NEA 2001 Almanac of Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wechsler, Harold S., Ed.

    This report contains seven articles on current issues in higher education and a separate faculty salary report for 1999-2000. Articles on the "Status of the Profession" are: (1) "Faculty Salaries, 1999-2000" (Suzanne B. Clery and John B. Lee); (2) "Unions and Faculty Governance" (Christine Maitland and Gary Rhoades);…

  3. Using Core Historical Thinking Concepts in an Elementary History Methods Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Daisy

    2012-01-01

    In an examination of how content knowledge influenced her initial third grade social studies teaching experiences, Suzanne Wilson found that it, among other things, helped her "to hear what students say" and in her students' comments were "often...the seeds of complex and sophisticated historical ideas." She also found content…

  4. Correction to Dittmar, Halliwell, and Ive (2006)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dittmar, Helga; Halliwell, Emma; Ive, Suzanne

    2006-01-01

    Reports an error in "Does Barbie make girls want to be thin? The effect of experimental exposure to images of dolls on the body image of 5- to 8-year-old girls" by Helga Dittmar, Emma Halliwell and Suzanne Ive ("Developmental Psychology," 2006 Mar, Vol 42[2], 283-292). A substantive error occurs in the Body shape dissatisfaction section on page…

  5. Neoliberalism and Education Revisited

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klees, Steven J.

    2008-01-01

    This article presents the author's response to four thoughtful reviews of his article. These reviews include: (1) Steve Heyneman and Kathryn Anderson's (2008) review: "A Quarter Century of Getting It Right in Education"; (2) Annie Vinokur's (2008) review; (3) Suzanne Bergeron's (2008) review; and (4) Jerrold Kachur's review and the extensive…

  6. ASPESA Papers, Number 9 (November 1990) and Number 10 (June 1991).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardie, John, Ed.

    1991-01-01

    This document consists of two consecutive issues of "ASPESA Papers", containing 5 and 6 papers, respectively, as follows: (1) "Human Realities and Technology in Distance Learning" (John G. Hedberg and Suzanne McNamara); (2) "A National Distance Education Admissions System," (Gavin Moodie); (3) "What's in a…

  7. Responsible Grammar Rebels: Using the Hunger Games Trilogy to Teach the Intentional Sentence Fragment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmons, Amber M.

    2016-01-01

    Building off of students' interest in popular apocalyptic/dystopian literature, this article explores how passages from Suzanne Collins's "The Hunger Games" trilogy aided in teaching students how to successfully rebel against traditional grammar rules, looking at fragments as intentional stylistic choices. Employing the values of…

  8. Technical Topic 3.2.2.d Bayesian and Non-Parametric Statistics: Integration of Neural Networks with Bayesian Networks for Data Fusion and Predictive Modeling

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-31

    information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. PLEASE DO NOT RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS. West Virginia University...Integration of Neural Networks with Bayesian Networks for Data Fusion and Predictive Modeling Dr. Suzanne Bell, West Virginia University 1. Basis of the

  9. Mapping Panem

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Painter, Judith

    2012-01-01

    This lesson plan is based on Suzanne Collins's book, "The Hunger Games." Katniss and Gale know about District 12 and the surrounding woods. Additionally, from television coverage, they know that there are twelve districts and the Capitol. District 13 used to exist until the rebellion. But where are these districts now that the geography…

  10. Visual Medium in the Service and Disservice of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Wan-chi

    2001-01-01

    There are different ways of exploring and examining the visual medium in the service and disservice of education. A discursive form rather than a visual medium is chosen in this attempt. Utilizing the conceptualizations of Suzanne Langer, Christine Nystrom observed that American symbolic environments have undergone a massive shift from discursive…

  11. IFLA General Conference, 1990. Section on Research and Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

    The three papers in this collection were presented during the meeting of the Section on Research and Theory. In the first paper, "BIEF: A North-South Knowledge Transfer Tool," Suzanne Richer examines the vital importance of scientific and technical information (STI) for developing countries, and notes that BIEF (Banque internationale…

  12. Ready, Willing, and Able: A Developmental Approach to College Access and Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savitz-Romer, Mandy; Bouffard, Suzanne M.

    2012-01-01

    How can an understanding of adolescent development inform strategies and practices for supporting first-generation college goers? In "Ready, Willing, and Able," Mandy Savitz-Romer and Suzanne Bouffard focus on the developmental tasks and competencies that young people need to develop in order to plan for and succeed in higher education. These…

  13. Shuffling the Deck To Ensure Fairness in Dealing: A Commentary on Some Issues of Equity and Mathematics Education from the Perspective of the QUASAR Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silver, Edward A.

    This paper is a reaction to a plenary address, "Fairness in Dealing: Diversity, Psychology, and Mathematics Education" by Suzanne Damarin (SE 057 179). The issues of intentionality, institutional and instructional practices, identity development, and assessment are addressed in regard to the Quantitative Understanding: Amplifying Student…

  14. A Battle Reconsidered: Second Thoughts on Book Censorship and Conservative Parents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauer, Suzanne M.

    2008-01-01

    Suzanne M. Kauer believes we must honor all voices in the discussion of what books students should read; she refuses to simplify the issue of censorship by dismissing the multifaceted concerns parents have for saying no to certain books. Kauer advocates doing more listening--asking parents questions to better understand their perspectives--and…

  15. Wind Turbine Manufacturers in the United States: Locations and Local Impacts (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Tegen, S.

    2010-05-26

    Suzanne Tegen's presentation about U.S. wind energy manufacturing (presented at WINDPOWER 2010 in Dallas) provides information about challenges to modeling renewables; wind energy's economic "ripple effect"; case studies about wind-related manufacturing in Colorado, Iowa, Ohio, and Indiana; manufacturing maps for the Great Lakes region, Arkansas, and the United States; sample job announcements; and U.S. Treasury Grant 1603 funding.

  16. Mentors and Models.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Counseling and Development, 1988

    1988-01-01

    Contains five personal accounts: (1) "Critical Incidents Aren't Accidents" (Suzanne Lange); (2) "Going from Serious to Fun and Remaining Professional" (Mary Olona); (3) "The Personification of the Core Conditions" (B.S. Tillinghast, Jr.); (4) "A Personal Reaction to Carl Whitaker as a Teacher" (Katherine H. von Schmidt); and (5) "Jampy: Imaginary…

  17. A Battle Reconsidered: Second Thoughts on Book Censorship and Conservative Parents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauer, Suzanne M.

    2008-01-01

    Suzanne M. Kauer believes we must honor all voices in the discussion of what books students should read; she refuses to simplify the issue of censorship by dismissing the multifaceted concerns parents have for saying no to certain books. Kauer advocates doing more listening--asking parents questions to better understand their perspectives--and…

  18. Close Encounters of the Best Kind: The Latest Sci-Fi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kunzel, Bonnie

    2008-01-01

    Not only is science fiction alive and well--it's flourishing. From the big screen (howdy, Wall-E) to the big books (like Suzanne Collins's The Hunger Games, which has attracted loads of prepublication praise), 2008 has been a great year for sci-fi. Publishers have released truckloads of new sci-fi titles this year, but what's particularly…

  19. Entering the Arena: The Figured Worlds Transition of Preservice Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saunders, Jane M.; Ash, Gwynne Ellen

    2013-01-01

    The article describes a semester-long project that draws on Suzanne Collins' "The Hunger Games" as a resource and over-arching theme for preservice teachers taking a content area literacy course. We examine how preservice teachers learn to connect written texts to content area (disciplinary) literacy and consider ways to prepare them for…

  20. A Look to Future Years: Prospects Regarding the Scope and Process of Community Education. Community Colleges, Community Education Monograph Number 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jellison, Holly M., Ed.

    These five essays share the theme that community education will become the primary focus in the continuing development of of the community college as a comprehensive, community-based institution. After Suzanne Fletcher's introduction to the monograph, Holly Jellison reviews the activities and summarizes the roundtable discussions of the Center for…

  1. Changing Families, Changing Workplaces

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bianchi, Suzanne M.

    2011-01-01

    American families and workplaces have both changed dramatically over the past half-century. Paid work by women has increased sharply, as has family instability. Education-related inequality in work hours and income has grown. These changes, says Suzanne Bianchi, pose differing work-life issues for parents at different points along the income…

  2. Gordon Research Conferences, 1991

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-04-01

    Louis Pasteur Columbia, SC 29208 4, rue Blaise Pascal 67070 Strasbourg, FRANCE Professor John P. Fackler Department of Chemistry Dr. Suzanne Harris...Braunstein, Pierre Brown Room 9 Briggs, John R. off site Universite Louis Pasteur/CNRS Union Carbide Corporation 4 Rue Blaise Pascal P.O. Box 8361 F

  3. 77 FR 8120 - Definition of a Taxpayer

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-14

    ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BF73 Definition of a Taxpayer AGENCY: Internal Revenue... Regulations which provide guidance relating to the determination of who is considered to pay a foreign income... INFORMATION CONTACT: Suzanne M. Walsh, (202) 622-3850 (not a toll-free call). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION...

  4. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (80th, Chicago, Illinois, July 30-August 2, 1997): Mass Communication and Society.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

    The Mass Communication and Society section of the Proceedings contains the following 11 papers: "A Cynical Press: Coverage of the 1996 Presidential Campaign" (Sandra H. Dickson, Cynthia Hill, Cara Pilson, and Suzanne Hanners); "JMC Faculty Divided: Majority Finds Dozen Uses for Research" (Fred Fedler, Maria Cristina Santana,…

  5. 77 FR 52746 - Medical Countermeasures for a Burn Mass Casualty Incident

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-30

    ..., affiliation, address, email, and telephone number. Those without Internet access should contact Suzanne... participants will be sent technical system requirements after registration and will be sent connection access... Internet at http://www.fda.gov/MedicalDevices/NewsEvents/WorkshopsConferences/default.htm . (Select...

  6. EFFECTS FROM GESTATIONAL EXPOSURE TO A MIXTURE OF ATRAZINE AND ITS BIOLOGICAL METABOLITES IN MALE LONG EVANS RATS

    EPA Science Inventory

    TITLE: EFFECTS FROM GESTATIONAL EXPOSURE TO A MIXTURE OF ATRAZINE AND ITS BIOLOGICAL METABOLITES IN MALE LONG EVANS RATS.
    Rolondo R. Enoch2, Sara N. Greiner 1, Geri L. Youngblood 1, Christine C. Davis 1, and Suzanne E. Fenton 1
    1 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, ORD, ...

  7. EFFECTS FROM GESTATIONAL EXPOSURE TO A MIXTURE OF ATRAZINE AND IT'S BIOLOGICAL METABOLITES IN MALE LONG EVANS RATS

    EPA Science Inventory

    TITLE: EFFECTS FROM GESTATIONAL EXPOSURE TO A MIXTURE OF ATRAZINE AND ITS BIOLOGICAL METABOLITES IN MALE LONG EVANS RATS.
    Rolondo R. Enoch2, Sara N. Greiner 1, Geri L. Youngblood 1, Christine C. Davis 1, and Suzanne E. Fenton 1
    1 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, ORD, ...

  8. EFFECTS FROM GESTATIONAL EXPOSURE TO A MIXTURE OF ATRAZINE AND ITS METABOLITES IN MALE LONG EVANS RATS

    EPA Science Inventory

    TITLE: EFFECTS FROM GESTATIONAL EXPOSURE TO A MIXTURE OF ATRAZINE AND IT'S BIOLOGICAL METABOLITES IN MALE LONG EVANS RATS. Suzanne E. Fenton 1, Sara N. Greiner 1, Geri L. Youngblood 1 and Christine C. Davis 1
    1 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Reproductive Toxicology Divi...

  9. Girls on the Fringe: The Writing Lives of Two Adolescent Girls

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pytash, Kristine E.

    2016-01-01

    Writing plays an important role in young adults' lives. It is tied to academic achievement and also provides young adults with a voice in social interactions, a way to express their feelings, and an opportunity to reflect on life events. This study explores the writing practices of 2 adolescent girls: Suzanne and Molly. On multiple occasions they…

  10. ROLES OF EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR (EGF) AND TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR-ALPHA (TGF-A) IN MEDIATION OF DIOXIN (TCDD)-INDUCED DELAYS IN DEVELOPMENT OF THE MOUSE MAMMARY GLAND

    EPA Science Inventory

    Roles of Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) and Transforming Growth Factor-alpha (TGF-a) in Mediation of Dioxin (TCDD)-Induced Delays in Development of the Mouse Mammary Gland.
    Suzanne E. Fenton, Barbara Abbott, Lamont Bryant, and Angela Buckalew. U.S. EPA, NHEERL, Reproductive Tox...

  11. EXPOSURE PARAMETERS NECESSARY FOR DELAYED PUBERTY AND MAMMARY GLAND DEVELOPMENT IN LONG-EVANS RATS EXPOSED IN UTERO TO ATRAZINE

    EPA Science Inventory

    Exposure Parameters Necessary For Delayed Puberty And Mammary Gland Development In Long-Evans Rats Exposed In Utero To Atrazine

    Jennifer L. Rayner1, 2, Carmen Wood2, and Suzanne E. Fenton2

    1 Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, School of Public Heal...

  12. Alliances in "The Hunger Games"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Painter, Judith

    2012-01-01

    This lesson plan is based on "The Hunger Games" by Suzanne Collins. Characters in "The Hunger Games" form alliances both inside and outside the arena. Katniss and Gale form alliances within District 12. Katniss, Peeta, and the other tributes form alliances for a variety of reasons during the Games. An alliance means that "someone's got your back"…

  13. Examination of Interventions to Prevent Common Lower-Limb Injuries in the New Zealand Defense Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    Davidson, PhD*; Suzanne J. Wilson, MSc*; David J. Chalmers, PhD*; Barry D. Wilson, PhDf; Lt Col David McBnde, RNZAMCf ABSTRACT The biomechanical...2006; 171: 45-54. 43. Pope RP, Herbert RD, Kirwan JD, Graham BJ: A randomized trial of pre- 47. Knapik JJ, Darakjy S, Scott S, et al: Evaluation of a

  14. Progress and challenges in controlling neglected zoonotic diseases.

    PubMed

    Jarvis, Suzanne

    2015-01-24

    Suzanne Jarvis reports from the Fourth International Meeting on the Control of Neglected Zoonotic Diseases, hosted by the World Health Organization in Geneva in November. The meeting looked at progress that has been made in controlling these diseases and at what the next steps should be for further control. British Veterinary Association.

  15. Ready, Willing, and Able: A Developmental Approach to College Access and Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savitz-Romer, Mandy; Bouffard, Suzanne M.

    2012-01-01

    How can an understanding of adolescent development inform strategies and practices for supporting first-generation college goers? In "Ready, Willing, and Able," Mandy Savitz-Romer and Suzanne Bouffard focus on the developmental tasks and competencies that young people need to develop in order to plan for and succeed in higher education. These…

  16. Major Rehabilitation of the Jetty System at the Mouth of the Columbia River

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-01

    Inspections of all three MCR jetties were made by Richard Gunsolus and Michelle Rhodes, EC-DC, Rod Moritz, and Lynda Charles, EC-HY, from 13 to 15 September...declining ( Barron et al. 2003; Hoshino et al. 2006). The levels of PCBs have been found to have twice the burden in individuals from Russia than from...of Fisheries Research Board of Canada 21:1333–1337. Barron , M., Heintz, G.R., Krahn, M.M., 2003. Contaminant exposure and effects in pinnipeds

  17. Cognition About the Creative Process – Interview With Dr Andrew P. Allen

    PubMed Central

    Allen, Andrew P.; Loughnane, Lynda

    2016-01-01

    What is the relationship between the creative process and cognition and perception? Lynda Loughnane, a master’s student in Art and Process in Crawford College of Art and Design, Cork, Ireland interviewed Dr Andrew P. Allen about the subject. Areas covered include mindfulness, Type 1 and Type 2 thinking, stage theories of creativity, engagement with the art process and the artwork, phenomenology and consciousness with and without self report. The interview was constructed to cover a wide range of subject matter, so as to gather as much information as possible in layman's language about the cognitive process in relation to creativity and interaction with art. PMID:27872674

  18. Cognition About the Creative Process - Interview With Dr Andrew P. Allen.

    PubMed

    Allen, Andrew P; Loughnane, Lynda

    2016-11-01

    What is the relationship between the creative process and cognition and perception? Lynda Loughnane, a master's student in Art and Process in Crawford College of Art and Design, Cork, Ireland interviewed Dr Andrew P. Allen about the subject. Areas covered include mindfulness, Type 1 and Type 2 thinking, stage theories of creativity, engagement with the art process and the artwork, phenomenology and consciousness with and without self report. The interview was constructed to cover a wide range of subject matter, so as to gather as much information as possible in layman's language about the cognitive process in relation to creativity and interaction with art.

  19. KSC-06pd2222

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2006-09-26

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - NASA officials cut the ribbon to officially reactivate the Operations and Checkout Building's west door as entry to the crew exploration vehicle (CEV) environment. From left are Russell Romanella, director of the ISS Payload and Processing Directorate; Conrad Nagel, consultant for Space Florida; Jim Kennedy, director of KSC; Adrian Lafitte, director of government relations for Lockheed Martin; Mark Jager, program manager of Checkout, Assembly, Payloads Processing Services with Boeing; and Lynda Weatherman, with the Economic Development Commission. During the rest of the decade, KSC will transition from launching space shuttles to launching new vehicles in NASA’s Vision For Space Exploration. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett

  20. One Web Satellites Ground Breaking

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-03-16

    Lynda Weatherman, president and CEO of the Economic Development Council of the Space Coast, talks with Kelvin Manning, associate director of NASA's Kennedy Space Center, and Gen. Wayne Monteith, commander of the 45th Space Wing of the U.S. Air Force, prior to a groundbreaking ceremony at Kennedy's Exploration Park for OneWeb. The company, in partnership with Airbus, is building a 150,000-square-foot factory to manufacture satellites that will connect all areas of the world to the Internet wirelessly. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett

  1. Regularized iterative integration combined with non-linear diffusion filtering for phase-contrast x-ray computed tomography.

    PubMed

    Burger, Karin; Koehler, Thomas; Chabior, Michael; Allner, Sebastian; Marschner, Mathias; Fehringer, Andreas; Willner, Marian; Pfeiffer, Franz; Noël, Peter

    2014-12-29

    Phase-contrast x-ray computed tomography has a high potential to become clinically implemented because of its complementarity to conventional absorption-contrast.In this study, we investigate noise-reducing but resolution-preserving analytical reconstruction methods to improve differential phase-contrast imaging. We apply the non-linear Perona-Malik filter on phase-contrast data prior or post filtered backprojected reconstruction. Secondly, the Hilbert kernel is replaced by regularized iterative integration followed by ramp filtered backprojection as used for absorption-contrast imaging. Combining the Perona-Malik filter with this integration algorithm allows to successfully reveal relevant sample features, quantitatively confirmed by significantly increased structural similarity indices and contrast-to-noise ratios. With this concept, phase-contrast imaging can be performed at considerably lower dose.

  2. Performance verification of the anisotropic diffusion technique for range image smoothing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Umasuthan, Manickam; Wallace, Andrew M.

    1994-10-01

    Discontinuity preserving smoothing is very important for the reliable extraction of features such as edge maps and surface patches from range images. In this paper, we propose a modification of Perona and Malik's anisotropic diffusion algorithm for range image surface characterization. Perona and Malik's scheme has several practical and theoretical difficulties. The main difficulty arises when the signal is noisy. Since this introduces in theory unbounded oscillations of the gradient. Thus the conditional smoothing introduced by the model will not help. We propose a method which avoids the difficulty and use an efficient implicit scheme to solve the resulting partial differential equation. The proposed algorithm is robust in the presence of noise and is very useful for the segmentation of range images into surface patches and edge maps. A number of experimental results obtained by applying the algorithm on synthetic and real images are presented.

  3. Research in subliminal psychodynamic activation: note on Masling (1998).

    PubMed

    Fudin, R

    1999-04-01

    Masling (1998) questioned Malik, Apel, Nelham, Rutkowski, and Ladd's 1997 suggestion that subliminal psychodynamic activation research with MOMMY AND I ARE ONE should be restricted. Problems in Masling's paper and the scope of research with MOMMY AND I ARE ONE are discussed. His position that such research should not be restricted is supported on the condition that subliminal psychodynamic activation research with MOMMY AND I ARE ONE (and other messages) use Fudin's 1986 procedure that could clarify the interpretation of successful experimental outcomes.

  4. Information on a Photon: Free-Space Quantum Communication (InPho: FSQC)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-10-06

    Juan P. Torres, Miles J. Padgett, Ebrahim Karimi, Robert W. Boyd. Limitations to the determination of a Laguerre–Gauss spectrum via projective, phase...measurement of an optical orbital-angular-momentum spectrum comprising more than 50 states, New Journal of Physics, (01 2013): 0. doi: 10.1088...4.00 1.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 Mehul Malik, Sangeeta Murugkar, Jonathan Leach, Robert W. Boyd. Measurement of the orbital-angular- momentum spectrum of fields

  5. Diffuse Interface Models on Graphs for Classification of High Dimensional Data

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    performs this goal can be substituted for the k-means algorithm. For example, Lang [40] uses separating hyperplanes. A partitioning algorithm is...spatiotemporal grouping using the Nyström method. CVPR, Hawaii, 2001. [26] Charles Fowlkes, Serge Belongie, Fan Chung, and Jitendra Malik. Spectral grouping...Yale University, May 2004. [40] K. Lang . Fixing two weaknesses of the spectral method. In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 28 (NIPS 2006

  6. Evaluation of Super Voxel Methods for Early Video Processing (Author’s Manuscript)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-07-26

    sets available to the community. 2. Background 2.1. Superpixels The term superpixel was coined by Ren and Malik [31] in their work on learning a binary...supervoxels in space- time [22]. This property embodies many of the basic Gestalt principles—proximity, continuation, closure, and symmetry—and helps...streaming approach. The mean shift algorithm used in our paper is presented by Paris and Durand [29], who introduce Morse theory to interpret mean

  7. Emergent Intelligent Behavior through Integrated Investigation of Embodied Natural Language, Reasoning, Learning, Computer Vision, and Robotic Manipulation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-10-11

    Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition . Jun. 2008, pp. 1-8. J. Shi and J. Malik, "Normalized cuts...reasoning for single image structure recovery. In Proceedings of the IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition , June 2009. A. K. Mackworth...contours to detect and localize junctions in natural images. In Proceedings of the IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition , pages

  8. South and East Asia Report No. 1180

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-08-17

    Kalimantan border. The Spanish firm once made a study in this area. On the other hand Conoco, in cooperation with AGIP [National Italian Oil...THE PAKISTAN TIMES, 16 Jul 82) 20 - a - . [Ill - ASIA - 107] Bar Council Amendment Criticized (Murtaza Malik; THE MUSLIM, 19 Jul 82) 26... Bar Association Criticizes Amendments (THE MUSLIM, 20 Jul 82) 27 Reactions To Bar Act Amendment Reported (THE MUSLIM, 22 Jul 82) 28 Senior

  9. Laser Hazards Bibliography, January 1991

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-31

    retinitis pigmentosa , Adv Exp Med Biol, 77: 233-247 (1977). 3. Agarwal, L. P., and Malik, S. R. K., Solar retinitis , Br J Ophth, 43: 366-370 (1959). 4. Al... Retinitis pigmentosa : clinical management based on current concepts, Adv Exp Med Biol, 77: 181-195 (1977). 557. Wolbarsht, M. L., Safe Ocular Levels for IR...270 C. Optical Radiation Hazards - General Reviews ............ 271 D. Retinal Burns from Lasers

  10. Internal Security Threats to Pakistan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-12-01

    Niazi Qazi Hussain Ahmed Mln Fazlur Rehman Mln Sami-ul-Haq Allam Ahsan llali Zahir Armed Militias Apparently none Hizb-ul-Mujahiddin...special tribute to Bannett Jones, Christopher Jaffrelot, Rodney W. Jones, P.W. Singer, John M . Olin, Stephen Philip Cohen, Jessica Stern, Riffat... Hussain , Iftikhar H. Malik, Shahid Javed Burki, Moonis Ahmar, and Ishrat Husain. I am also thankful to the Pakistan Army for giving me an opportunity

  11. The Muslim Brotherhood in America: Orthodox and Active

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-17

    determine His word.57 56 Phillip C. Jessup , forward to The Islamic Law of Nations by...wrote The Quranic Concept of War. According to General M . Zia-Ul-Haq, the Pakistani Army Chief of Staff at the time, the Quranic Concept of War...72 M . Zia-Ul-Haq, “Foreward” The Qur’anic Concept of War by S.K. Malik (Delhi: Adam Publishers and Distributors, 1992

  12. Farraj_NO2-O3 Sequential exposure study_All data

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Cardiovascular Physiologic and Systemic Responses to Sequential Exposure to Nitrogen Dioxide and Ozone in Rats This dataset is associated with the following publication:Farraj , A., F. Malik, N. Coates , L. Walsh , D. Winsett , D. Terrell , L. Thompson, W. Cascio , and M. Hazari. Morning NO2 Exposure Sensitizes Hypertensive Rats to the Cardiovascular Effects of Same Day O3 Exposure in the Afternoon. INHALATION TOXICOLOGY. Informa Healthcare USA, New York, NY, USA, 28(4): 170-179, (2016).

  13. Detecting Humans via Their Pose

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    Fergus, L. Fei-Fei, P. Perona , and A. Zisserman. Learning object categories from Google’s image search. Proc. ICCV, pages 1816–1823, 2005. [9] D. M...1157, 1999. [15] G. Mori, X. Ren, A. A. Efros, and J. Malik . Recovering human body configurations: Combining segmen- tation and recognition. Proc...object categories in image collections. Proc. ICCV, 2005. [23] M. Weber, M. Welling, and P. Perona . Toward automatic discovery of object categories. CVPR, 2000.

  14. On some applications of diffusion processes for image processing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morfu, S.

    2009-06-01

    We propose a new algorithm inspired by the properties of diffusion processes for image filtering. We show that purely nonlinear diffusion processes ruled by Fisher equation allows contrast enhancement and noise filtering, but involves a blurry image. By contrast, anisotropic diffusion, described by Perona and Malik algorithm, allows noise filtering and preserves the edges. We show that combining the properties of anisotropic diffusion with those of nonlinear diffusion provides a better processing tool which enables noise filtering, contrast enhancement and edge preserving.

  15. On the existence of Lipschitz solutions to some forward-backward parabolic equations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Seonghak

    In this dissertation we discuss a new approach for studying forward-backward quasilinear diffusion equations. Our main idea is motivated by a reformulation of such equations as non-homogeneous partial differential inclusions and relies on a Baire's category method. In this way the existence of Lipschitz solutions to the initial-boundary value problem of those equations is guaranteed under a certain density condition. Finally we study two important cases of anisotropic diffusion in which such density condition can be realized. The first case is on the Perona-Malik type equations. In 1990, P. Perona and J. Malik [35] proposed an anisotropic diffusion model, called the Perona-Malik model, in image processing ut = div (| Du|/ 1 + Du 2) for denoising and edge enhancement of a computer vision. Since then the dichotomy of numerical stability and theoretical ill-posedness of the model has attracted many interests in the name of the Perona-Malik paradox [28]. Our result in this case provides the model with mathematically rigorous solutions in any dimension that are even reflecting some phenomena observed in numerical simulations. The other case deals with the existence result on the Hollig type equations. In 1983, K. Hollig [20] proved, in dimension n = 1, the existence of infinitely many L2-weak solutions to the initial-boundary value problem of a forward-backward diffusion equation with non-monotone piecewise linear heat flux, and this piecewise linearity was much relaxed later by K. Zhang [45]. The work [20] was initially motivated by the Clausius-Duhem inequality in the second law of thermodynamics, where the negative of the heat flux may violate the monotonicity but should obey the Fourier inequality at least. Our result in this case generalizes [20, 45] to all dimensions.

  16. SOFTCBIR: Object Searching in Videos Combining Keypoint Matching and Graduated Assignment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-01

    Optimal algorithm for Approximate Nearest Neighbor Searching in Fixed Dimensions, Journal of ACM, Vol. 45, pp. 891–923, 1998. 2. S. Belongie, J. Malik ...pp. 509–522, 2002. 3. R. Fergus, P. Perona , and A. Zisserman, Object Class Recognition by Unsupervised Scale- invariant Learning, Vol. 2, pp. 264–271...IEEE Trans- actions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 2004. 20. P.Moreels and P. Perona . Common-Frame Model for Object Recognition

  17. 3-D zebrafish embryo image filtering by nonlinear partial differential equations.

    PubMed

    Rizzi, Barbara; Campana, Matteo; Zanella, Cecilia; Melani, Camilo; Cunderlik, Robert; Krivá, Zuzana; Bourgine, Paul; Mikula, Karol; Peyriéras, Nadine; Sarti, Alessandro

    2007-01-01

    We discuss application of nonlinear PDE based methods to filtering of 3-D confocal images of embryogenesis. We focus on the mean curvature driven and the regularized Perona-Malik equations, where standard as well as newly suggested edge detectors are used. After presenting the related mathematical models, the practical results are given and discussed by visual inspection and quantitatively using the mean Hausdorff distance.

  18. Lipoid Proteinosis

    PubMed Central

    Yadav, Sunil; Malik, Sunita; Singh, Gurdarshan

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT A case report of a 6-year-old male child who reported with recurrent oral and skin ulcerations since childhood and was diagnosed as lipoid proteinosis manifesting with generalized thickening, hardening, and scarring of the skin and hoarseness of voice; is presented here. How to cite this article: Mittal HC, Yadav S, Malik S, Singh G. Lipoid Proteinosis. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(2):149-151. PMID:27365938

  19. Islam, Terrorism, and the Strategy of Enlightened Moderation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-17

    technology,70 and the availability of high quality, advanced education must be expanded to larger segment of society. Poverty Alleviation. This program ...5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER Major Irfan Ahmed Malik, Pakistan Army 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK...Gerges, M.A. , Member Donald P. Wright, Ph.D. Accepted this 17th day of June 2005 by: , Director, Graduate Degree Programs

  20. An Analysis of the Impact of Defense Acquisition Reforms and External Factors on Schedule Growth of Defense Weapon Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-01

    side addresses those programs not specifically required or hastened due to contingency operations. Czelusniak and Rodgers found that Congressional...Quarterly, 5: 251-262 (Summer 1999). Czelusniak Daniel P. and Philip D. Rodgers . “The Kaminski Initiative,” Program Manager, 24: 59-65 (September...GAO/GGD-99-120). Hanks, Christopher H., Elliot I. Axelband, Shuna Lindsay, Mohammed Rehan Malik, and Brett D. Steele. Reexamining Military

  1. A Finite Element Analysis of a Carbon Fiber Composite Micro Air Vehicle Wing

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-22

    20 Figure 1.16: FEA Model of Marrocco et al Dragonfly Hindwing [19]. ........................... 21 Figure 1.17: Modal...Frequency Analysis of Engineered Dragonfly Wing [19]. ............... 21 Figure 1.18: ANSYS and MATLAB Models of Flapping Wings by Malik and Qureshi [20...since material properties of the dragonfly were unavailable. 21 They were however able to import a complex geometry of the wing, and vary the

  2. Biological and Clinical Characterization of Novel lncRNAs Associated with Metastatic Prostate Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-10-01

    tumors, including breast cancer and prostate cancer [3, 4]. Large profiling studies have suggested that upwards of 10,000 lncRNAs may exist in the human...overexpression prevents the completion of topoisomerase IIα chromosome decatenation leading to aneuploidy in human mammary epithelial cells. Breast Cancer ...lncRNAs Associated with Metastatic Prostate Cancer PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Dr. Rohit Malik CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: Regents of the

  3. C3b-Independent Complement Activation in Ischemia/Reperfusion Mesenteric Tissue Injury in Autoimmune Prone (B6.MRL/lpr) Mice

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    except the SMA was not clamped. Mice were kept anes- thetized for the duration of the experiment . Additional ketamine and xylazine were injected...in Anaesthesiology , vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 363–369, 2011. [4] A. Iwasaki and R. Medzhitov, “Regulation of adaptive immu- nity by the innate immune system...B.Malik, “Transport across the endothe- lium: regulation of endothelial permeability,” in Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, pp. 107–144, 2006

  4. Direct Numerical Simulation and Experimental Validation of Hypersonic Boundary-Layer Receptivity and Instability

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-28

    compressible linearized Navier - Stokes equations, Malik et al. [15] investigated the responses of a Mach 8 flow over a sharp wedge of a half-angle of 5.30...steady base flow is simulated by solving the two-dimensional compressible Navier - Stokes equations with a combination of a fifth-order shock-fitting finite... flow The steady base flow is simulated by solving the two-dimensional compressible Navier - Stokes equations with a combination of a fifth-order shock

  5. Maximizing the business value of information technology in home care and hospice.

    PubMed

    2012-08-01

    Health care technology provides the key to becoming the high performing efficient organization you want to be. But how do you sift through the many available solutions and determine which technology to acquire? Do you fully understand the best practices for choosing and using technology and measuring the value gained once your new solutions are in place? Get a map to the digital road from Suzanne Sblendorio, director of Healthcare Information Technology Consulting at Simione Healthcare Consultants.

  6. Air Force Domestic Technology Transfer: Is It Effective

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-04-01

    Solow , Robert M., and Thurow, Lester C., "Toward a New Industrial America," Scientific American, June 1989, Vol. 260, No. 6, p. 42. ’ National...pp. 1, 2. " Berger, Suzanne, Dertouzos, Michael L., Lester, Richard K., Solow , Robert M., and Thurow, Lester C., "Toward a New Industrial America...American industries, but the inability to bring " Inman, B.R., and Burton, Daniel F., Jr, "Technology and Competitiveness: The New Policy Frontier

  7. National Security and the Industrial Policy Debate: Modernizing Defense Manufacturing

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-05-01

    Group Conference, Washington, 30 Nov. 1989. 2. Suzanne Berger, Michael L. Dertouzos, Richard K. Lester, Robert M. Solow , and Lester C. Thurow, "Toward...Diminished Expectations (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1990) 11. 23. Michael L. Dertouzos, Richard K. Lester, and Robert M. Solow , Made in America (New York: Harper...34 New York Times 29 3 September 1990: 19. 39. Wade, 19. 40. James Womack, Daniel T. Jones, and Daniel Roos, "How Lean Production Can Change the World

  8. F-35A Training Basing Environmental Impact Statement. Volume 2. Appendix D - Comment Response Document. Book 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-01

    Walker James (Shamus) Litchfield Park AZ Luke AFB 2024 GE-3 PAYtran, LLC Hunnicutt John A. AZ Tucson AGS 2090 GE-10 Peaceful Skies Coalition...Abbott John Scottsdale AZ 9768 Abel Joshua Phoenix AZ 4427 Aber Suzanne Surprise AZ 4490 Abney Beverly Glendale AZ 9328 Abraham James Avondale AZ... James Phoenix AZ 11717 Johnson Janis Sun City AZ 5609 Johnson John Sun City West AZ 11809 Johnson John Chandler AZ 9743 Johnson Joseph Sun City West

  9. Ethics committees and cost containment.

    PubMed

    Brock, D W

    1990-01-01

    Cohen introduces a section of articles on hospital ethics committees that appears twice a year in the Hastings Center Report. Articles by Dan W. Brock, Alan R. Fleischman, Suzanne M. Mitchell and Martha S. Swartz, and Janet Fleetwood support the idea that hospital ethics committees are performing a needed service. Ethics committees have been in existence long enough, however, to begin to explore new issues and activities.

  10. Regional Supplement to the Corps of Engineers Wetland Delineation Manual: Midwest Region (Version 2.0)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-08-01

    Carlson, Iowa Department of Transportation, Ames, IA • Suzanne Chubb, U.S. Army Engineer Great Lakes and Ohio River Division, Cincinnati, OH...Conservation Service, Storm Lake , IA • Frank Gibbs, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, Findlay, OH • John Jaeger, Metropolitan Park...District of the Toledo Area, Maumee, OH • Neal Johnson, U.S. Army Engineer District, Rock Island, IL ERDC/EL TR-10-16 x • Ken Klick, Lake County

  11. Final Environmental Impact Statement MX: Buried Trench Construction and Test Project.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-11-01

    Arizona 85281 Department of Health Services Dr. Suzanne Dandoy, Director 1740 West Adams Street Phoenix, Arizona 35007 Department of Library...and much of the data are not current. Some new measurements (including measurements on the cuality of water in special exploration wells) were 4erived...4, 5, and 6. *These standards are related to health . -36- _.2.i.5 >ETECRCLOGY .AFE R- 3.3.L) Wind There are no preexisting wind data available for the

  12. Not Out of Control: Analysis of the Federal Disaster Spending Trend

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-03-01

    explosion” in this fire type category. Of note, the 1995 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah federal building in Oklahoma is recorded in the “human cause...ANALYSIS OF THE FEDERAL DISASTER SPENDING TREND by Suzanne Boccia March 2016 Thesis Co-Advisors: Lauren F. Wollman Glen Woodbury...COVERED Master’s thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE NOT OUT OF CONTROL: ANALYSIS OF THE FEDERAL DISASTER SPENDING TREND 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S

  13. Aiming for elimination of dog-mediated human rabies cases by 2030.

    PubMed

    2016-01-23

    A conference organised by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Global Alliance for Rabies Control (GARC), in Geneva on December 10 to 11, 2015, saw delegates from nearly 100 countries meet to discuss the WHO's goal of eliminating dog-mediated human rabies by 2030 and work on a new framework to focus efforts towards achieving this goal. Suzanne Jarvis reports.

  14. Wind Power Siting: Public Acceptance and Land Use; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect

    Tegen, Suzanne

    2015-06-17

    Suzanne Tegen presented this information as part of the June 17, 2015 WINDExchange webinar: Overcoming Wind Siting Challenges III: Public Acceptance and Land Use. This presentation provides an overview of current NREL research related to wind energy deployment considerations, the DOE Wind Vision as it relates to public acceptance and land use, why public acceptance of wind power matters, where the U.S. wind resource is best, and how those rich resource areas overlay with population centers.

  15. A Research Program in Computer Technology. Volume 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    Staff: Research Assistants: Support Staff: Susan Gerhart David Taylor Lisa Moses Raymond Bates Jeannette Wing Rod Erickson Stanley Lee David Thompson...Kahn, and Bernard Lang. Formal Definition of Ada, Honeywell, Inc. and CII-Honeywell Bull, 1980. 2. Ichbiah, Jean D., et al., Reference Manual for the...Sunshine Bernard Berthomieu Suzanne Sluizer Greg Finn 7.1 PROBLEM BEING SOLVED This project explores the design and analysis of computer-to-computer

  16. Physical Activity, Body Size, Intentional Weight Loss and Breast Cancer Risk: Fellowship

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-10-01

    exercised frequently. More pronounced were results obtained from the model examining the joint effects of early-life physical activity and net lifetime...Number: DAMD17-97-1-7235 TITLE:. Physical Activity , Body Size, Intentional Weight Loss and Breast Cancer Risk: Fellowship PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Suzanne...SUBTITLE 5. FUNDING NUMBERS Physical Activity , Body Size, Intentional Weight Loss and Breast Cancer: DAMD 17-97-1-7235 Risk: Fellowship 6. AUTHORIS

  17. Deploying Federal Civilians to the Battlefield: Incentives, Benefits, and Medical Care

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-01

    PROJECT LEAD THOMAS HAWLEY ANDREW HYDE JOHN E. KRUSE GREGORY A. MARCHAND MICHAEL MCERLEAN SUZANNE MCKENNA MARK PARKER SASHA...Posts,” U.S. Department of State, Office of Medical Services, August 2007, p. 4. Mark Ward, “Serving in High-Threat Posts,” Foreign Service Journal...Mr. Mark Kimmitt Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense, Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs Office of the Secretary of Defense Colonel

  18. Military Operations Research Society Symposium (70th): Military Operations Research at the Next Frontier. Held at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas on 18-20 June 2002. Final Program and Book of Abstracts.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-05-20

    Threat-Mission Study) will be presented Update on the Weapon Assignment Model (WAM) Rachel Echternach United States Strategic Command Abstract...Stockage Policy Opportunities 2nd Lt Rachel Oates, USAF AFLMA/LGY 501 Ward St. Maxwell AFB Gunter, AL 36114 (334) 416-4524 (fax (334) 416-4638...NMN) -Joint Warare Analysis Center Carroll, DR Dennis P - Metron, Inc. Beers, Lt Col Suzanne M - SMC Det 1 1/CWSN Carson , Mr Keith R - ODCSSA

  19. Impacts of Transitioning from Firm Fixed Price to Fixed Price Incentive Firm Target Contracts in PEO Missiles and Space

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-01

    PRICE INCENTIVE FIRM TARGET CONTRACTS IN PEO MISSILES AND SPACE September 2016 By: Suzanne E. Makowski Brandi M. Ricketts Shannon M...SUBTITLE IMPACTS OF TRANSITIONING FROM FIRM FIXED PRICE TO FIXED PRICE INCENTIVE FIRM TARGET CONTRACTS IN PEO MISSILES AND SPACE 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6...analyze the impacts to major weapon systems programs in Program Executive Office (PEO) Missiles and Space as a result of transitioning from firm fixed

  20. Head and Helmet Biodynamics and Tracking Performance During Exposure to Whole-Body Vibration

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-02-01

    Vibration Suzanne D. Smith Air Force Research Laboratory Jeanne A. Smith Raymond J. Newman Advanced Information Engineering Services, Inc. A General...AND HELMET BIODYNAMICS AND TRACKING PERFORMANCE DURING EXPOSURE TO WHOLE-BODY VIBRATION 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 62202F 6. AUTHOR(S...distribution is unlimited. 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES Presented at the UK Conference on Human Response to Vibration , England Sep 2004 14. ABSTRACT Helmet

  1. CTC Sentinel. Volume 9, Issue 9

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-01

    Combating Terrorism Center at West Point Objective • Relevant • Rigorous | September 2016 • Volume 9, Issue 9 v FEATURE ARTICLE...Cruickshank Managing Editor Kristina Hummel EDITORIAL BOARD Colonel Suzanne Nielsen, Ph.D. Department Head Dept. of Social Sciences ( West Point) Lieutenant...Road, Lincoln Hall West Point, NY 10996 Phone: (845) 938-8495 Email: sentinel@usma.edu Web: www.ctc.usma.edu/sentinel/ SUBSMISSIONS The CTC

  2. Air Land Sea Bulletin. Issue No. 2011-2, May 2011

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    Civilian, USAF Layout Ms. Laura Caswell, Civilian, USN Publications Officer CDR (S) Cindy Dieterly, USN Purpose: ALSA Center publishes the...at Forward Operating Base Warhorse, Iraq, on 28 May 2005, during Operation Iraqi Freedom. (Photo by SSgt. Suzanne M . Day, USAF)   By Major R.P...conflicts of tomorrow. U.S. Marine Corps CPL Stefan Ayotte, right, aviation net support, Detachment Alpha, Marine Air Support Squadron 6

  3. LOCAT - A Data Retrieval Program.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-12-01

    STANDARSIA1 3 -A Suznn Y4Sl ’ś’. Doc 0 006 U m Nalionai Deftense U’" Defence nationale LOCAT -A DATA RETRIEVAL PROGRAM by Suzanne Y. Slinn SA RSA T Project...2.1 DESIGN PHILOSOPHY...................2 2.2 SATELLITE AND LOCATION SOFT KEY DISPLAY .. .. ........ 3 2.3...LOCAT -Calling Sequence .. .. ...... ........ 2 FIGURE 2: SAT/LOC Soft Key Display .. .. ...... ..... 3 FIGURE 3 : Frequency Soft Key Display

  4. SoS Navigator 2.0: A Context-Based Approach to System-of-Systems Challenges

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-06-01

    SoS Navigator 2.0: A Context-Based Approach to System-of-Systems Challenges Philip Boxer David Carney Suzanne Garcia Lisa ...the clinical ser- vice’s role in treating patient conditions. After that phase, pathfinder projects would establish the adoption feasibility of the...executed adoption feasibility projects (called pathfinder projects) to address the services being provided by six different clinics within their

  5. Traumaculture and Telepathetic Cyber Fiction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Drinkall, Jacquelene

    This paper explores the interactive CD-ROM No Other Symptoms: Time Travelling with Rosalind Brodsky, usingtelepathetic socio-psychological, psychoanalytic and narrative theories. The CD-ROMexists as a contemporary artwork and published interactive hardcover book authored by painter and new-media visual artist Suzanne Treister. The artwork incorporates Treister's paintings, writing, photoshop, animation, video and audio work with narrative structures taken from world history, the history of psychoanalysis, futurist science and science fiction, family history and biography.

  6. STS-69 MS Michael L. Gernhardt greets his mother at SLF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    STS-69 Mission Specialist Michael L. Gernhardt (right) gets a chance to say hi to his mother, Suzanne Winters, and her husband Doug, after the STS-69 flight crew arrived at KSC's Shuttle Landing Facility. The five astronauts assigned to the mission are looking forward to a liftoff aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour during a two and a half hour window opening at 11:09 a.m. EDT, Sept. 7.

  7. 50th Anniversary of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2014-06-23

    Suzanne Malveaux, a correspondent with CNN, serves as a moderator at a panel discussion as part of an event celebrating the 50th Anniversary of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 on Monday, June 23, 2014 in the James E. Webb Auditorium at NASA Headquarters in Washington, DC. The event highlighted the influence of the Civil Rights Act on NASA. Photo Credit: (NASA/Joel Kowsky)

  8. Wind Energy Workforce Development & Jobs

    SciTech Connect

    Tegen, Suzanne

    2016-11-08

    The United States needs a skilled and qualified wind energy workforce to produce domestic clean power. To assist with wind energy workforce development, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and National Renewable Energy Laboratory are engaged with several efforts.This presentation by Suzanne Tegen describes these efforts, including a wind industry survey, DOE's Wind Career Map, the DOE Wind Vision report, and an in-depth discussion of the Jobs & Economic Development Impacts Model.

  9. Management of Joint Service Acquisition: An Analysis of the Joint Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-12-01

    Finally,. to my wife Suzanne and tw,-o children . Jack and Michael-Anne. I want to express my, greatest appreciation for their patience and support through... AQUISITION A. BACKGRO UND) OF DIFFENSE ACQUISITION I li ( -Iitcd States I )partmnicn fI I )et’nse P the l argest and most cornple\\ hwones, *organi...ice V’AV program until a joint program %vas established. The Senate language specificalk addressed the Remotely Piloted Vehicles programs within a!l

  10. KSC-05PD-0801

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. Members of the Economic Development Commission (EDC) of Floridas Space Coast were on hand to witness the signing of a three-year agreement for economic development cooperation in support of existing and future missions of NASA at KSC. Lynda Weatherman (third from left), president and CEO of the EDC, and Jim Kennedy (center) , director of Kennedy Space Center, signed the Space Act Agreement. At far right is Lisa Malone, director of External Relations and Business Development at KSC. Standing with them are members of the NASA External Relations directorate who helped facilitate the Space Act Agreement are, from left, James Ball, Kim Agee, John Hudiberg, David Pierce, Jessica Livingston and Trudy McCarthy.

  11. KSC-06pd2218

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2006-09-26

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - A ribbon-cutting at NASA's Kennedy Space Center officially reactivated the Operations and Checkout Building's west door as entry to the crew exploration vehicle environment. At the podium is Russell Romanella, who opened the ceremony. Romanella is director of the ISS Payload and Processing Directorate. Seated at right are Conrad Nagel, consultant for Space Florida; Jim Kennedy, director of KSC; Adrian Lafitte, director of government relations for Lockheed Martin; Mark Jager, program manager of Checkout, Assembly, Payloads Processing Services with Boeing; and Lynda Weatherman, with the Economic Development Commission. During the rest of the decade, KSC will transition from launching space shuttles to launching new vehicles in NASA’s Vision For Space Exploration. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett

  12. One Web Satellites Ground Breaking

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-03-16

    Officials break ground for a 150,000-square-foot manufacturing facility for OneWeb Satellites at Exploration Park at NASA's Kennedy Space Center. The company, in partnership with Airbus, is building a 150,000-square-foot factory to manufacture satellites that will connect all areas of the world to the Internet wirelessly. The officials are, from left, John Saul, operations manager of Hensell-Phelps; Kelvin Manning, associate director of NASA's Kennedy Space Center; Brian Holz, CEO of OneWeb Satellites; Rick Scott, governor of Florida; Lynda Weatherman, president and CEO of the Economic Development Council of the Space Coast; Mike Cosentino, president, Airbus Defense and Space; Cissy Procter, executive director of the Florida Department of Economic Activity; Gen. Wayne Monteith, commander of the 45th Space Wing of the U.S. Air Force; and Jim Kuzma, COO of Space Florida. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett

  13. One Web Satellites Ground Breaking

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-03-16

    Dale Ketchum of Space Florida opens the groundbreaking ceremony at Kennedy's Exploration Park for OneWeb. The company, in partnership with Airbus, is building a 150,000-square-foot factory to manufacture satellites that will connect all areas of the world to the Internet wirelessly. Behind him are, from left, Jim Kuzma, COO of Space Florida; Mike Cosentino, president, Airbus Defense and Space; Brian Holz, CEO of OneWeb Satellites; Rick Scott, governor of Florida; Lynda Weatherman, president and CEO of the Economic Development Council of the Space Coast; Kelvin Manning, associate director of NASA's Kennedy Space Center; Gen. Wayne Monteith, commander of the 45th Space Wing of the U.S. Air Force; Cissy Procter, executive director of the Florida Department of Economic Activity; and John Saul, operations manager of Hensell-Phelps. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett

  14. KSC-2012-4574

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2012-08-23

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - At NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, Lynda Weatherman, President of the Economic Development Commission of Florida Space Coast, addresses guests at a presentation during which XCOR Aerospace announced plans to open a manufacturing operation in Brevard. Space Florida President Frank DiBello is seated to the right. The company's suborbital Lynx Mark II spacecraft possibly will take off and land at Kennedy's shuttle landing facility. XCOR Aerospace is a small, privately held California corporation with focus on the research, development, project management and production of reusable launch vehicles, rocket engines and rocket propulsion systems. XCOR will focus on space tourism, experimental flights and launching satellites. Photo credit: NASA/ Frankie Martin

  15. KSC-08pd1811

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2008-06-23

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – A Senate field hearing held at the Canaveral Port Authority and chaired by Florida Sen. Bill Nelson focuses on workforce related challenges at NASA's Kennedy Space Center and potential solutions to mitigate the transition's effects on the community. The hearing examined issues surrounding the retirement of the space shuttle and the transition to the new Orion/Ares system. At the table are community representatives Lynda Weatherman, president and CEO of the Economic Development Commission of Florida's Space Coast; Lisa Rice, president of the Brevard Workforce Development Board Inc.; Randy Berridge, president of the Florida High Tech Corridor Council; and Steve Kohler, president of Space Florida. NASA Administrator Michael Griffin is seated at right. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett

  16. The Clinical Threat Assessment of the Lone-Actor Terrorist.

    PubMed

    Meloy, J Reid; Genzman, Jacqueline

    2016-12-01

    The Terrorist Radicalization Assessment Protocol (TRAP-18) is a structured professional judgment instrument for the assessment of individuals who present a concern for lone-actor terrorism. It consists of eight proximal warning behaviors and 10 distal characteristics. Previous research has demonstrated its interrater reliability and some concurrent and postdictive validity. In this article, TRAP-18 is retrospectively applied to the case of US Army psychiatrist and jihadist Malik Nidal Hasan, who committed a mass murder at Fort Hood, Texas in 2009. The strengths and limitations of TRAP-18 as a structured professional judgment instrument for mental health clinicians are discussed, and clinical risk management suggestions are made.

  17. On the Stability of Three-Dimensional Boundary Layers. Part 1; Linear and Nonlinear Stability

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Janke, Erik; Balakumar, Ponnampalam

    1999-01-01

    The primary stability of incompressible three-dimensional boundary layers is investigated using the Parabolized Stability Equations (PSE). We compute the evolution of stationary and traveling disturbances in the linear and nonlinear region prior to transition. As model problems, we choose Swept Hiemenz Flow and the DLR Transition Experiment. The primary stability results for Swept Hiemenz Flow agree very well with computations by Malik et al. For the DLR Experiment, the mean flow profiles are obtained by solving the boundary layer equations for the measured pressure distribution. Both linear and nonlinear results show very good agreement with the experiment.

  18. Role of High-Affinity Oncostatin M Receptor in Prevention of Breast Cancer Cell Growth.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-09-01

    signal transducer gpl30. J. Exp. Med. 179:1343-1347. 6. Horn, D., Fitzpatrick, W.C., Gompper , P.T., Ochs, V., Bolton-Hansen, M ., Zarling, J.M., Malik...sequencing. Cancer Research, 57:759-764, 1997. 16. Ueda, K., Fukushima, EL, Masliah, E ., Y., Iwai, A, Yoshimoto, M ., Otero, D.A., Kondo, J., Ihara, Y, and...differential cDNA sequencing. Cancer Researc 57:759-764, 1997. 4. Liu J. Streiff R, Vestal E , and Briggs M : Novel Mechanism of Transcriptional Activation

  19. Nonlinear multiscale analysis of three-dimensional echocardiographic sequences

    SciTech Connect

    Sarti, A. |; Mikula, K.; Sgallari, F.

    1999-06-01

    The authors introduce a new model for multiscale analysis of space-time echocardiographic sequences. The proposed nonlinear partial differential equation, representing the multiscale analysis, filters the sequence while keeping the space-time coherent structures. It combines the ideas of regularized Perona-Malik anisotropic diffusion and the Galilean invariant movie multiscale analysis of Alvarez, Guichard, Lions and Morel. A numerical method for solving the proposed partial differential equation is suggested and its stability is shown. Computational results on synthesized and real sequences are provided. A qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the accuracy of the method is presented.

  20. Near East/South Asia Report No. 2798. Arab Tribes in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-08-11

    8217Adwan, people of Al- Sabihi ; Quraysh, people of Al-Sin; [162] Banu Bishr, and Banu Jindibi people of Ibn Zinnan. The third group is Banu Yusa and...includes five divisions—Banu Hasan, people of Ahmad Ibn ’Asidat; Bal-Khirmar; Banu Kinanah, Banu ’Amir; and Ahl Baydan. The fourth group is Butayl. The...Banu Rizam; Banu Rabi’ah; Al-Hibshi; Al Ramiyyan; Banu Munabbih; Al Ya’li, to whom belong Ahmad Ibn Ma’di, the Amir of Banu Malik. Banu Marwan

  1. A spectral histogram model for texton modeling and texture discrimination.

    PubMed

    Liu, Xiuwen; Wang, DeLiang

    2002-10-01

    We suggest a spectral histogram, defined as the marginal distribution of filter responses, as a quantitative definition for a texton pattern. By matching spectral histograms, an arbitrary image can be transformed to an image with similar textons to the observed. We use the chi(2)-statistic to measure the difference between two spectral histograms, which leads to a texture discrimination model. The performance of the model well matches psychophysical results on a systematic set of texture discrimination data and it exhibits the nonlinearity and asymmetry phenomena in human texture discrimination. A quantitative comparison with the Malik-Perona model is given, and a number of issues regarding the model are discussed.

  2. PDE Based Unsharp Masking, Crispening and High Boost Filtering of Digital Images

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Srivastava, Rajeev; Gupta, J. R. P.; Parthasarthy, Harish; Srivastava, Subodh

    A partial differential equation (PDE) based technique is proposed and implemented to perform unsharp masking, crispening and high boost filtering of digital images. The traditional concept of unsharp masking and crispening of edges which uses Laplacian as intermediate step for smoothening the image has been extended and modified using the idea of Perona and Malik [1] which overcomes the disadvantages of Laplacian method. For descretization, finite differences scheme has been used. The scheme has been implemented using MATLAB 7.0 and performance is tested for various gray images of different resolutions and the obtained results justify the applicability of proposed scheme.

  3. On a nonlocal model of image segmentation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gajewski, Herbert; Gärtner, Klaus

    2005-07-01

    We understand an image as binary grey ‘alloy’ of a black and a white component and use a nonlocal phase separation model to describe image segmentation. The model consists in a degenerate nonlinear parabolic equation with a nonlocal drift term additionally to the familiar Perona-Malik model. We formulate conditions for the model parameters to guarantee global existence of a unique solution that tends exponentially in time to a unique steady state. This steady state is solution of a nonlocal nonlinear elliptic boundary value problem and allows a variational characterization. Numerical examples demonstrate the properties of the model.

  4. Nonlinear multiscale analysis of three-dimensional echocardiographic sequences.

    PubMed

    Sarti, A; Mikula, K; Sgallari, F

    1999-06-01

    We introduce a new model for multiscale analysis of space-time echocardiographic sequences. The proposed nonlinear partial differential equation, representing the multiscale analysis, filters the sequence while keeping the space-time coherent structures. It combines the ideas of regularized Perona-Malik anisotropic diffusion and the Galilean invariant movie multiscale analysis of Alvarez, Guichard, Lions and Morel. A numerical method for solving the proposed partial differential equation is suggested and its stability is shown. Computational results on synthesized and real sequences are provided. A qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the accuracy of the method is presented.

  5. Non-local quasi-linear parabolic equations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amann, H.

    2005-12-01

    This is a survey of the most common approaches to quasi-linear parabolic evolution equations, a discussion of their advantages and drawbacks, and a presentation of an entirely new approach based on maximal L_p regularity. The general results here apply, above all, to parabolic initial-boundary value problems that are non-local in time. This is illustrated by indicating their relevance for quasi-linear parabolic equations with memory and, in particular, for time-regularized versions of the Perona-Malik equation of image processing.

  6. Career and family: Making it work

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sancetta, Connie

    About 150 people at the 1984 AGU Fall Meeting attended an evening panel session on combining professional and family lives. Panelists were Tanya Atwater (University of California, Santa Barbara), Laurie Brown (University of Massachusetts), Silvia Garzoli (Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory), and Jimmy Diehl and Suzanne Beske-Diehl (Michigan Technological University). The session was sponsored by the AGU Education and Human Resources Committee. The panelists had been asked to describe their own lives and decisions and to pass on advice or experience that they had gained.

  7. Potential for Jobs and Economic Development from Offshore Wind in California

    SciTech Connect

    Tegen, Suzanne

    2016-11-02

    In California's future scenarios, energy demand increases with population growth and productivity. Decision-makers will have to make choices about which energy resources to utilize, and offshore wind offers one option for carbon-free electricity with the potential for increased local jobs. This presentation discusses results from an NREL report, Floating Offshore Wind in California: Gross Potential for Jobs and Economic Impacts from Two Future Scenarios. Presenter Suzanne Tegen describes the Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) model and its results for two offshore wind scenarios in California. She discusses different assumptions and how they affect the scenarios.

  8. Ivins examines Destiny with the processing team in the SSPF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    In the Space Station Processing Facility, Marsha Ivins (left), a mission specialist on the STS-98 crew, discusses the U.S. Laboratory with members of the laboratory's processing team, (left to right) James Thews, Suzanne Fase, and Danny Whittington. The laboratory module, considered the centerpiece of the International Space Station (ISS), has been named 'Destiny' in honor of its prominent role in the world's largest science and technology effort. It is planned for launch aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour on the sixth ISS construction flight currently targeted for March 2000.

  9. Ivins examines Destiny with the processing team in the SSPF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    In the Space Station Processing Facility, Marsha Ivins, a mission specialist on the STS-98 crew, inspects the U.S. Laboratory with members of the laboratory's processing team. The laboratory module, considered the centerpiece of the International Space Station (ISS), has been named 'Destiny' in honor of its prominent role in the world's largest science and technology effort. It is planned for launch aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour on the sixth ISS construction flight currently targeted for March 2000. From left to right are Ivins, Jerry Hopkins, Danny Whittington, Melissa Orozco, Vicki Reese and Suzanne Fase.

  10. Ivins examines Destiny with the processing team in the SSPF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    In the Space Station Processing Facility, Marsha Ivins, a mission specialist on the STS-98 crew, inspects the U.S. Laboratory with members of the laboratory's processing team. The laboratory module, considered the centerpiece of the International Space Station (ISS), has been named 'Destiny' in honor of its prominent role in the world's largest science and technology effort. It is planned for launch aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour on the sixth ISS construction flight currently targeted for March 2000. From left to right are Ivins, Jerry Hopkins, Danny Whittington, Melissa Orozco, and Suzanne Fase.

  11. Ivins examines Destiny with the processing team in the SSPF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    In the Space Station Processing Facility, Marsha Ivins, a mission specialist on the STS-98 crew, inspects the U.S. Laboratory with members of the laboratory's processing team. The laboratory module, considered the centerpiece of the International Space Station (ISS), has been named 'Destiny' in honor of its prominent role in the world's largest science and technology effort. It is planned for launch aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour on the sixth ISS construction flight currently targeted for March 2000. From left to right are Ivins, Danny Whittington (face not visible), Melissa Orozco, Jerry Hopkins, and Suzanne Fase.

  12. Intelligent Tutoring for Diagnostic Problem Solving in Complex Dynamic Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-09-01

    tre cOllecti0n Of ormtio. n he r n tmt or er e Of this C ,ollectof of inorma o. Icluding suggeiont for reducing tis burden. to Watiington N _dgar i...AND SUBTITLE S. FUNDING NUMBERS Intelligent Tutoring for Diagnostic Problem Solving in Complex Dynamic Systems C : N00014-87-K-0482 6. AUTHOR(S) PE...Chronister, Sally Cohen, Ed Crowther, Kelly Deyoe, Suzanne Dilley, Brenda Downs, Janet Fath, Dick Henneman , Patty Jones, Merrick Kossack, Steve Krosner

  13. Voyager in Interstellar Space

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2013-09-12

    Suzanne Dodd, Voyager project manager, NASA's Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) speaks at a news conference on NASA's Voyager 1 spacecraft, Thursday, Sept. 12, 2013 at NASA Headquarters in Washington. NASA's Voyager 1 spacecraft officially is the first human-made object to venture into interstellar space. The 36-year-old probe is about 12 billion miles (19 billion kilometers) from our sun. New and unexpected data indicate Voyager 1 has been traveling for about one year through plasma, or ionized gas, present in the space between stars. A report on the analysis of this new data is published in Thursday's edition of the journal Science. Photo Credit: (NASA/Carla Cioffi)

  14. Performance Evaluation of Point-of-Use Water Heaters.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-10-15

    AD-AG91 843 , JOHNS - MANVILLE SALES CORP DENVER CO RESEARCH AND OEV--ETC F/6 13/1 PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF POINT-OF-USE WATER HEATERS.(U) OCT AG P B...POINT-OF-USE WATER HEATERS P. B. SHEPHERD JOHNS - MANVILLE SALES CORPORATION RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT CENTER KEN-CARYL RANCH, DENVER, COLORADO 80217 15...literature survey was conducted by Ms. Suzanne D.A. Graham who is on the Corporate Information Center staff of the Johns - Manville Research & Development

  15. Influence de la microporosité sur le piégeage du gaz dans un milieu poreux naturel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suzanne, Karine; Billiotte, Joël

    2004-09-01

    Trapped-gas content in natural porous media, also called residual gas saturation ( Sgr), corresponds to the imbibition end-point. To define the parameters controlling Sgr, two parameters were studied: the influence of rock characteristics (on 400 sandstone samples) and initial gas saturation ( Sgi), on the basis of 60 experimental curves between Sgr and Sgi. Based on an extensive experimental database, this study establishes the dominant influence of microporosity on trapped gas saturation, and indirectly that of the contained clays. To cite this article: K. Suzanne, J. Billiotte, C. R. Geoscience 336 (2004).

  16. KSC-99pp0266

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1999-03-04

    In the Space Station Processing Facility, Marsha Ivins (left), a mission specialist on the STS-98 crew, discusses the U.S. Laboratory with members of the laboratory's processing team, (left to right) James Thews, Suzanne Fase, and Danny Whittington. The laboratory module, considered the centerpiece of the International Space Station (ISS), has been named "Destiny" in honor of its prominent role in the world’s largest science and technology effort. It is planned for launch aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour on the sixth ISS construction flight currently targeted for March 2000

  17. KSC-99pp0264

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1999-03-04

    In the Space Station Processing Facility, Marsha Ivins, a mission specialist on the STS-98 crew, inspects the U.S. Laboratory with members of the laboratory's processing team. The laboratory module, considered the centerpiece of the International Space Station (ISS), has been named "Destiny" in honor of its prominent role in the world’s largest science and technology effort. It is planned for launch aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour on the sixth ISS construction flight currently targeted for March 2000. From left to right are Ivins, Jerry Hopkins, Danny Whittington, Melissa Orozco, and Suzanne Fase

  18. KSC-99pp0262

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1999-03-04

    In the Space Station Processing Facility, Marsha Ivins, a mission specialist on the STS-98 crew, inspects the U.S. Laboratory with members of the laboratory's processing team. The laboratory module, considered the centerpiece of the International Space Station (ISS), has been named "Destiny" in honor of its prominent role in the world’s largest science and technology effort. It is planned for launch aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour on the sixth ISS construction flight currently targeted for March 2000. From left to right are Ivins, Danny Whittington (face not visible), Melissa Orozco, Jerry Hopkins, and Suzanne Fase

  19. KSC-99pp0265

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1999-03-04

    In the Space Station Processing Facility, Marsha Ivins (center), a mission specialist on the STS-98 crew, talks with Suzanne Fase, (left) and Melissa Orozco (right), members of the U.S. Laboratory's processing team. The laboratory module, considered the centerpiece of the International Space Station (ISS), has been named "Destiny" in honor of its prominent role in the world’s largest science and technology effort. It is planned for launch aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour on the sixth ISS construction flight, currently targeted for March 2000.

  20. KSC-99pp0263

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1999-03-04

    In the Space Station Processing Facility, Marsha Ivins, a mission specialist on the STS-98 crew, inspects the U.S. Laboratory with members of the laboratory's processing team. The laboratory module, considered the centerpiece of the International Space Station (ISS), has been named "Destiny" in honor of its prominent role in the world’s largest science and technology effort. It is planned for launch aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour on the sixth ISS construction flight currently targeted for March 2000. From left to right are Ivins, Jerry Hopkins, Danny Whittington, Melissa Orozco, Vicki Reese and Suzanne Fase

  1. The Military Survivor Benefit Plan: How Much Does It Benefit the Retiree?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-12-01

    320829 123121234 110 JEAN 300528 120 NANCY 611202 130 SUZANNE 600409 140 MICHAEL 590228 1500 0 1600 0 170 0 0 180 0 0 190 0 0 200 0 0 210 0 0 220 810731...S0Ul L. LUC ; a; 0. co F-O3S P: P!0C0o:v c P : V4 M V4 C LJ~ a0 0. N . ~ * . (% 1% -6 \\J w N C- a. a .4 a. a, 0 -4 N 4 t .tt 0*4 LA -4 v r ll6 I lc (NJ0

  2. Analysis of Human Communication during Assembly Tasks.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-06-01

    AD-A7l 43 ANALYSIS OF HUMAN COMMUNICATION DURING ASSEMBLY TASKS in1(U) CRNEGIE-MELLO UNIY PITTSBURGH PA ROBOTICS INST UNCLSSIIEDK S BARBER ET AL...ao I Dur~~~~IngAbcbyTs; 7c .S:in i lSAo .0. Analysis of Human Communication During Assembly Tasks K. Suzanne Barber and Gerald J. Agin CMU-RI-TR-86-1...TYPE or REPORT & PE-Rioo CevCZaz Analysis of Human Communication During Assembly Inlterim Tasks I . PERFORMING 00RG. REPORT NUMBER 1. £UT~oOR~e) IL

  3. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography image enhancement for automatic disease detection.

    PubMed

    Logeswaran, Rajasvaran

    2010-07-28

    To sufficiently improve magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) quality to enable reliable computer-aided diagnosis (CAD). A set of image enhancement strategies that included filters (i.e. Gaussian, median, Wiener and Perona-Malik), wavelets (i.e. contourlet, ridgelet and a non-orthogonal noise compensation implementation), graph-cut approaches using lazy-snapping and Phase Unwrapping MAxflow, and binary thresholding using a fixed threshold and dynamic thresholding via histogram analysis were implemented to overcome the adverse characteristics of MRCP images such as acquisition noise, artifacts, partial volume effect and large inter- and intra-patient image intensity variations, all of which pose problems in application development. Subjective evaluation of several popular pre-processing techniques was undertaken to improve the quality of the 2D MRCP images and enhance the detection of the significant biliary structures within them, with the purpose of biliary disease detection. The results varied as expected since each algorithm capitalized on different characteristics of the images. For denoising, the Perona-Malik and contourlet approaches were found to be the most suitable. In terms of extraction of the significant biliary structures and removal of background, the thresholding approaches performed well. The interactive scheme performed the best, especially by using the strengths of the graph-cut algorithm enhanced by user-friendly lazy-snapping for foreground and background marker selection. Tests show promising results for some techniques, but not others, as viable image enhancement modules for automatic CAD systems for biliary and liver diseases.

  4. Improving Surface Geostrophic Current from a GOCE-Derived Mean Dynamic Topography Using Edge-Enhancing Diffusion Filtering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sánchez-Reales, J. M.; Andersen, O. B.; Vigo, M. I.

    2016-03-01

    With increased geoid resolution provided by the gravity and steady-state ocean circulation explorer (GOCE) mission, the ocean's mean dynamic topography (MDT) can be now estimated with an accuracy not available prior to using geodetic methods. However, an altimetric-derived MDT still needs filtering in order to remove short wavelength noise unless integrated methods are used in which the three quantities are determined simultaneously using appropriate covariance functions. We studied nonlinear anisotropic diffusive filtering applied to the oceańs MDT and a new approach based on edge-enhancing diffusion (EED) filtering is presented. EED filters enable controlling the direction and magnitude of the filtering, with subsequent enhancement of computations of the associated surface geostrophic currents (SGCs). Applying this method to a smooth MDT and to a noisy MDT, both for a region in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean, we found that EED filtering provides similar estimation of the current velocities in both cases, whereas a non-linear isotropic filter (the Perona and Malik filter) returns results influenced by local residual noise when a difficult case is tested. We found that EED filtering preserves all the advantages that the Perona and Malik filter have over the standard linear isotropic Gaussian filters. Moreover, EED is shown to be more stable and less influenced by outliers. This suggests that the EED filtering strategy would be preferred given its capabilities in controlling/preserving the SGCs.

  5. Generation of circumferential velocity contours associated with pulsed point suction on a rotating disk

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Selby, Gregory V.

    1989-01-01

    Numerous experimental studies were conducted on the steady, three-dimensional boundary layer over a disk rotating at constant angular speed in an otherwise undisturbed fluid. The subject flow geometry is of interest because it provides a relatively simple way to study the cross-flow instability phenomenon which occurs in three-dimensional boundary layers, as on swept wings. This flow instability results in the formation of a stationary spiral vortex flow field over the disk, as shown by Wilkinson and Malik. Using a hot-wire probe, the spatial wave pattern of stationary vortices, which filled the entire circumference of the disk was mapped. The subject flow instability caused transition-to-turbulent flow as the periphery of the disk was approached. The effect on receptivity and transition of discrete disturbance modes, such as three-dimensional toughness elements and acoustic excitation was investigated. The present study (an extension of the work of Wilkinson and Malik) is focused on the effect of pulsed point suction on flow instability and transition, and consequently, on the classical stationary vortical flow pattern.

  6. Richardson-Lucy deconvolution for two-photon fluorescence images via non-linear diffusion equation pre-filtering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Hongmin; Zhang, Zhitao; Luo, Qingming; Zeng, Shaoqun

    2007-02-01

    Two-photon fluorescence microscopy is a powerful technique to obtain the stacks of neuronal individual or population morphologies deep inside brain tissue in vivo. However, the stacks often suffer from increasing noises with depth because of light scattering of specimen and optical distortion of microscopic system. Therefore, deconvolution becomes a more useful and a crucial approach to restore the original details of neuronal structure in fluorescence images. Since Richardson-Lucy deconvolution algorithm is appropriate for Poisson process of microscopy but sensitive to noise, we propose a scheme that it pre-filters noise via Perona-Malik nonlinear anisotropic diffusion before performing regularized Richardson-Lucy deconvolution algorithm. In contrast to other restoration approaches, the preliminary denoising of Perona-Malik diffusion model provides a better trade-off between noise reduction and edge preservation, and helps to following regularized Richardson-Lucy deconvolution procedure. Experimental results have shown that proposed scheme is effective and robust for restoring noisy two-photon fluorescence images.

  7. Semi-implicit finite volume scheme for image processing in 3D cylindrical geometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mikula, Karol; Sgallari, Fiorella

    2003-12-01

    Nowadays, 3D echocardiography is a well-known technique in medical diagnosis. Inexpensive echocardiographic acquisition devices are applied to scan 2D slices rotated along a prescribed direction. Then the discrete 3D image information is given on a cylindrical grid. Usually, this original discrete image intensity function is interpolated to a uniform rectangular grid and then numerical schemes for 3D image processing operations (e.g. nonlinear smoothing) in the uniform rectangular geometry are used. However, due to the generally large amount of noise present in echocardiographic images, the interpolation step can yield undesirable results. In this paper, we avoid this step and suggest a 3D finite volume method for image selective smoothing directly in the cylindrical image geometry. Specifically, we study a semi-implicit 3D cylindrical finite volume scheme for solving a Perona-Malik-type nonlinear diffusion equation and apply the scheme to 3D cylindrical echocardiographic images. The L∞-stability and convergence of the scheme to the weak solution of the regularized Perona-Malik equation is proved.

  8. Nonlinear diffusion filtering influenced by mean curvature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kollár, Michal; Mikula, Karol; Čunderlík, Róbert

    2016-04-01

    The presentation introduces a new nonlinear diffusion filtering method on closed surfaces such as a sphere, ellipsoid or the Earth's surface. Our new model extends the regularized surface Perona-Malik model by including a local extrema detector based on a mean curvature of processed data. The model is thus represented by a nonlinear diffusion equation which filters noise while preserves main edges, local extrema and details important for a correct interpretation of data. We define a surface finite-volume method to approximate numerically the nonlinear parabolic partial differential equation on a closed surface. The closed surface is approximated by a polyhedral surface created by planar triangles representing subdivision of an initial icosahedron grid and we use a piece-wise linear approximation of a solution in space and the backward Euler time discretization. Numerical experiments present nonlinear diffusion filtering of artificial data and real measurements, namely the GOCE satellite observations. They aim to point out a main advantage of the new nonlinear model which, on the contrary of Perona-Malik model, preserves local extremal values of filtered data.

  9. Comparison of PDE-based nonlinear diffusion approaches for image enhancement and denoising in optical coherence tomography.

    PubMed

    Salinas, Harry M; Fernández, Delia Cabrera

    2007-06-01

    A comparison between two nonlinear diffusion methods for denoising OCT images is performed. Specifically, we compare and contrast the performance of the traditional nonlinear Perona-Malik filter with a complex diffusion filter that has been recently introduced by Gilboa et al.. The complex diffusion approach based on the generalization of the nonlinear scale space to the complex domain by combining the diffusion and the free Schridinger equation is evaluated on synthetic images and also on representative OCT images at various noise levels. The performance improvement over the traditional nonlinear Perona-Malik filter is quantified in terms of noise suppression, image structural preservation and visual quality. An average signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) improvement of about 2.5 times and an average contrast to noise ratio (CNR) improvement of 49% was obtained while mean structure similarity (MSSIM) was practically not degraded after denoising. The nonlinear complex diffusion filtering can be applied with success to many OCT imaging applications. In summary, the numerical values of the image quality metrics along with the qualitative analysis results indicated the good feature preservation performance of the complex diffusion process, as desired for better diagnosis in medical imaging processing.

  10. KSC-2011-7232

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2011-10-03

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In the Press Site auditorium at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, representatives of NASA and the Economic Development Commission (EDC) of Florida’s Space Coast sign a new five-year Space Act Agreement. From left are Kennedy Space Center Director Robert Cabana and EDC President and CEO Lynda Weatherman, with Chairman of the Board of the EDC Bob Whelen looking on. The agreement calls for NASA and EDC senior leadership to meet regularly to discuss economic development matters of mutual interest. Managers from Kennedy’s Center Planning and Development Office will work with the EDC on potential business partnerships and meet with business leaders and committees to address space-related and high-tech economic development. EDC officials will assist NASA with disseminating information about potential partnership opportunities, as well as space-related and high-tech economic development, and increase awareness of Kennedy’s Engineering and Technology Directorate collaboration initiatives. They also will promote the commercial use of underutilized facilities at Kennedy. NASA and the EDC entered into their first economic cooperation agreement in 2005. For more information about the Economic Development Commission (EDC) of Florida’s Space Coast, visit http://www.spacecoastedc.org/. Photo credit: NASA/Jim Grossmann

  11. KSC-2011-7234

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2011-10-03

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In the Press Site auditorium at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, Lynda Weatherman (center), Economic Development Commission (EDC) of Florida’s Space Coast president and CEO, shows her enthusiasm for the new five-year Space Act Agreement she is signing. Also signing the agreement, at left, is Kennedy Space Center Director Robert Cabana. Bob Whelen, chairman of the board of the EDC, looks on at right. The agreement calls for NASA and EDC senior leadership to meet regularly to discuss economic development matters of mutual interest. Managers from Kennedy’s Center Planning and Development Office will work with the EDC on potential business partnerships and meet with business leaders and committees to address space-related and high-tech economic development. EDC officials will assist NASA with disseminating information about potential partnership opportunities, as well as space-related and high-tech economic development, and increase awareness of Kennedy’s Engineering and Technology Directorate collaboration initiatives. They also will promote the commercial use of underutilized facilities at Kennedy. NASA and the EDC entered into their first economic cooperation agreement in 2005. For more information about the Economic Development Commission (EDC) of Florida’s Space Coast, visit http://www.spacecoastedc.org/. Photo credit: NASA/Jim Grossmann

  12. KSC-2011-7235

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2011-10-03

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In the Press Site auditorium at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, managers from NASA and the Economic Development Commission (EDC) of Florida’s Space Coast discuss a new five-year Space Act Agreement reaffirming the partnership of the two organizations. From left are Kennedy Space Center Director Robert Cabana, EDC President and CEO Lynda Weatherman, and Chairman of the Board of the EDC Bob Whelen. The agreement calls for NASA and EDC senior leadership to meet regularly to discuss economic development matters of mutual interest. Managers from Kennedy’s Center Planning and Development Office will work with the EDC on potential business partnerships and meet with business leaders and committees to address space-related and high-tech economic development. EDC officials will assist NASA with disseminating information about potential partnership opportunities, as well as space-related and high-tech economic development, and increase awareness of Kennedy’s Engineering and Technology Directorate collaboration initiatives. They also will promote the commercial use of underutilized facilities at Kennedy. NASA and the EDC entered into their first economic cooperation agreement in 2005. For more information about the Economic Development Commission (EDC) of Florida’s Space Coast, visit http://www.spacecoastedc.org/. Photo credit: NASA/Jim Grossmann

  13. KSC-2011-7236

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2011-10-03

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In the Press Site auditorium at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, managers from NASA and the Economic Development Commission (EDC) of Florida’s Space Coast pose for a portrait following the signing of a new five-year Space Act Agreement reaffirming the partnership of the two organizations. From left are Kennedy Space Center Director Robert Cabana, EDC President and CEO Lynda Weatherman, and Chairman of the Board of the EDC Bob Whelen. The agreement calls for NASA and EDC senior leadership to meet regularly to discuss economic development matters of mutual interest. Managers from Kennedy’s Center Planning and Development Office will work with the EDC on potential business partnerships and meet with business leaders and committees to address space-related and high-tech economic development. EDC officials will assist NASA with disseminating information about potential partnership opportunities, as well as space-related and high-tech economic development, and increase awareness of Kennedy’s Engineering and Technology Directorate collaboration initiatives. They also will promote the commercial use of underutilized facilities at Kennedy. NASA and the EDC entered into their first economic cooperation agreement in 2005. For more information about the Economic Development Commission (EDC) of Florida’s Space Coast, visit http://www.spacecoastedc.org/. Photo credit: NASA/Jim Grossmann

  14. KSC-2011-7233

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2011-10-03

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- In the Press Site auditorium at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, representatives of NASA and the Economic Development Commission (EDC) of Florida’s Space Coast sign a new five-year Space Act Agreement. From left are Kennedy Space Center Director Director Robert Cabana and EDC President and CEO Lynda Weatherman, with Chairman of the Board of the EDC Bob Whelen looking on. The agreement calls for NASA and EDC senior leadership to meet regularly to discuss economic development matters of mutual interest. Managers from Kennedy’s Center Planning and Development Office will work with the EDC on potential business partnerships and meet with business leaders and committees to address space-related and high-tech economic development. EDC officials will assist NASA with disseminating information about potential partnership opportunities, as well as space-related and high-tech economic development, and increase awareness of Kennedy’s Engineering and Technology Directorate collaboration initiatives. They also will promote the commercial use of underutilized facilities at Kennedy. NASA and the EDC entered into their first economic cooperation agreement in 2005. For more information about the Economic Development Commission (EDC) of Florida’s Space Coast, visit http://www.spacecoastedc.org/. Photo credit: NASA/Jim Grossmann

  15. KSC-07pd3062

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2007-11-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Ready to put spades to work at ground-breaking ceremonies for SpaceX's new Falcon 9 rocket launch facilities at Space Launch Complex 40 at Cape Canaveral are (from left) Thad Altman, Florida State representative; Jeff Kottkamp, Florida State Lt. Governor; Elon Musk, founder and CEO of Space Exploration Technologies; Brig. Gen. Susan J. Helms, commander of the U.S. Air Force 45th Space Wing; Lynda Weatherman, Brevard County Economic Development Commission CEO and president; Steve Koehler, president of Space Florida; Janet Petro, deputy director of NASA Kennedy Space Center; Patricia Grace Smith, FAA associate administrator for Commercial Space Transportation; and Steve Cain, NASA Kennedy Space Center COTS project manager. As part of NASA’s Commercial Orbital Transportation Services, or COTS, competition, SpaceX will launch a Falcon 9 with a cargo-carrying payload on a series of three demonstration missions from Cape Canaveral to the International Space Station, culminating with the delivery of supplies to the $100 billion dollar orbiting laboratory. SpaceX intends to demonstrate its launch, maneuvering, berthing and return abilities by 2009 – a year before NASA has scheduled the conclusion of Space Shuttle operations. Photo credit: NASA/George Shelton

  16. Editorial.

    PubMed

    1995-05-31

    When the chips are down you find out who your friends are. And nurses certainly found foes and unusual allies among the newspaper leader writers and columnists following the RCN's decision to proceed to ballot on removing its rule which prohibits industrial action. Many ethically-challenged journalists dished up a scandalous misrepresentation of the nurses' case, usually under banner headlines about 'fallen angels'. It's a measure of how worried the government is over the pay dispute that the Tory press went all out to dent the public image of nurses. It's a dangerous tack for newspapers, especially when their biased political opinions may not always find favour with readers. Many nurses are among the Daily Mail's readership for instance. After Lynda Lee Potter's outrageous drivel (see letters, page 41 ) one can only wonder how many nurses will continue to buy that newspaper. And there is also a clear gap between the views of informed media commentators and the opinion writers as our round-up of views shows (see features, page 18-21 ). But if nurses have fallen from their angelic status that's no bad thing. It's not an image nurses ever wanted, the irony is that the sections of the press which created and lived off that stereotype are now realising they may have got it wrong.

  17. KSC-2010-4451A

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2010-07-29

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- This is a version of space shuttle Challenger's orbiter tribute, or OV-099, which hangs in Firing Room 4 of the Launch Control Center at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Challenger's accomplishments include the first night launch and first African-American in space, Guion Bluford, on STS-8, the first in-flight capture, repair and redeployment of an orbiting satellite during STS-41C, the first American woman in space, Sally Ride, on STS-7, and the first American woman to walk in space, Kathryn Sullivan, during STS-41G. Challenger is credited with blazing a trail for NASA's other orbiters with the first night landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California on STS-8 and the first landing at Kennedy on STS-41B. The spacewalker in the tribute represents Challenger’s role in the first spacewalk during STS-6 and the first untethered spacewalk on STS-41B. Crew-designed patches for each of Challenger’s missions lead from Earth toward a remembrance of the STS-51L crew, which was lost 73 seconds after liftoff on Jan. 28, 1986. Five orbiter tributes are on display in the firing room, representing Atlantis, Challenger, Columbia, Endeavour and Discovery. Graphic design credit: NASA/Lynda Brammer. NASA publication number: SP-2010-08-162-KSC

  18. KSC-2010-4451B

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2010-07-29

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- This is a printable version of space shuttle Challenger's orbiter tribute, or OV-099, which hangs in Firing Room 4 of the Launch Control Center at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Challenger's accomplishments include the first night launch and first African-American in space, Guion Bluford, on STS-8, the first in-flight capture, repair and redeployment of an orbiting satellite during STS-41C, the first American woman in space, Sally Ride, on STS-7, and the first American woman to walk in space, Kathryn Sullivan, during STS-41G. Challenger is credited with blazing a trail for NASA's other orbiters with the first night landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California on STS-8 and the first landing at Kennedy on STS-41B. The spacewalker in the tribute represents Challenger’s role in the first spacewalk during STS-6 and the first untethered spacewalk on STS-41B. Crew-designed patches for each of Challenger’s missions lead from Earth toward a remembrance of the STS-51L crew, which was lost 73 seconds after liftoff on Jan. 28, 1986. Five orbiter tributes are on display in the firing room, representing Atlantis, Challenger, Columbia, Endeavour and Discovery. Graphic design credit: NASA/Lynda Brammer. NASA publication number: SP-2010-08-162-KSC

  19. KSC-2010-4451

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2010-07-29

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- This orbiter tribute of space shuttle Challenger, or OV-099, hangs in Firing Room 4 of the Launch Control Center at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Challenger's accomplishments include the first night launch and first African-American in space, Guion Bluford, on STS-8, the first in-flight capture, repair and redeployment of an orbiting satellite during STS-41C, the first American woman in space, Sally Ride, on STS-7, and the first American woman to walk in space, Kathryn Sullivan, during STS-41G. Challenger is credited with blazing a trail for NASA's other orbiters with the first night landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California on STS-8 and the first landing at Kennedy on STS-41B. The spacewalker in the tribute represents Challenger’s role in the first spacewalk during STS-6 and the first untethered spacewalk on STS-41B. Crew-designed patches for each of Challenger’s missions lead from Earth toward a remembrance of the STS-51L crew, which was lost 73 seconds after liftoff on Jan. 28, 1986. Five orbiter tributes are on display in the firing room, representing Atlantis, Challenger, Columbia, Endeavour and Discovery. Graphic design credit: NASA/Lynda Brammer

  20. GVF-based anisotropic diffusion models.

    PubMed

    Yu, Hongchuan; Chua, Chin-Seng

    2006-06-01

    In this paper, the gradient vector flow fields are introduced in image restoration. Within the context of flow fields, the shock filter, mean curvature flow, and Perona-Malik equation are reformulated. Many advantages over the original models can be obtained; these include numerical stability, large capture range, and high-order derivative estimation. In addition, a fairing process is introduced in the anisotropic diffusion, which contains a fourth-order derivative and is reformulated as the intrinsic Laplacian of curvature under the level set framework. By applying this fairing process, the shape boundaries will become more apparent. In order to overcome numerical errors, the intrinsic Laplacian of curvature is computed from the gradient vector flow fields instead of the observed images.

  1. Vessel enhancing diffusion: a scale space representation of vessel structures.

    PubMed

    Manniesing, Rashindra; Viergever, Max A; Niessen, Wiro J

    2006-12-01

    A method is proposed to enhance vascular structures within the framework of scale space theory. We combine a smooth vessel filter which is based on a geometrical analysis of the Hessian's eigensystem, with a non-linear anisotropic diffusion scheme. The amount and orientation of diffusion depend on the local vessel likeliness. Vessel enhancing diffusion (VED) is applied to patient and phantom data and compared to linear, regularized Perona-Malik, edge and coherence enhancing diffusion. The method performs better than most of the existing techniques in visualizing vessels with varying radii and in enhancing vessel appearance. A diameter study on phantom data shows that VED least affects the accuracy of diameter measurements. It is shown that using VED as a preprocessing step improves level set based segmentation of the cerebral vasculature, in particular segmentation of the smaller vessels of the vasculature.

  2. MR image intensity inhomogeneity correction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    (Vişan Pungǎ, Mirela; Moldovanu, Simona; Moraru, Luminita

    2015-01-01

    MR technology is one of the best and most reliable ways of studying the brain. Its main drawback is the so-called intensity inhomogeneity or bias field which impairs the visual inspection and the medical proceedings for diagnosis and strongly affects the quantitative image analysis. Noise is yet another artifact in medical images. In order to accurately and effectively restore the original signal, reference is hereof made to filtering, bias correction and quantitative analysis of correction. In this report, two denoising algorithms are used; (i) Basis rotation fields of experts (BRFoE) and (ii) Anisotropic Diffusion (when Gaussian noise, the Perona-Malik and Tukey's biweight functions and the standard deviation of the noise of the input image are considered).

  3. Observed Asteroids at the GPO La-Silla Chile 1983SEP

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Debehogne, H.; Netto, E. R.; Caldeira, J. F.; Machado, L. E.; Vieira, G. G.

    1985-06-01

    Continuing the observational program which was started in 1978 at the ESO, La Silia, Chile, E.R. Netto, from the Valongo Observatory (UFRJ) and H. Debehogne (O.R.B.), during August 25 to September 20, 1983, have obtained photographic plates for the determination of the positions of asteroids selected by Ephemeridi Malik Planet-1983, and for the possible discovery of new celestial bodies, and also for possible reidentification of lost asteroids, or badly observed ones during the last years. Avaliation of the Valongo plates have revealed 12 asteroids from the Russian ephemeris, and 9 which were not mentioned in this source. The G.P.O. telescope (D = 40 cm; F =4 m) was used.

  4. Nonlinear Diffusion Filtering of the GOCE-Based Satellite-Only Mean Dynamic Topography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cunderlik, Robert; Mikula, Karol

    2015-03-01

    The paper presents nonlinear diffusion filtering of the GOCE-based satellite-only mean dynamic topography (MDT). Our approach is based on a numerical solution to the nonlinear diffusion equation defined on the discretized Earth’s surface using the regularized surface Perona-Malik Model. For its numerical discretization we use a surface finite volume method. A key idea is that the diffusivity coefficient depends on the edge detector. It allows effectively reduce the stripping noise while preserve important gradients in filtered data. Numerical experiments present nonlinear filtering of the geopotential evaluated from the GO_CONS_GCF_2_ DIR_R5 model on the DTU13 mean sea surface. After filtering the geopotential is transformed into the MDT.

  5. Contributions from Particles in Europe (PiE) 2010, Villefranche-sur-Mer, France: an introduction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mikkelsen, Ole A.; Chami, Malik; Doxaran, David

    2012-04-01

    This special issue of Geo-Marine Letters presents selected contributions from the international conference Particles in Europe (PiE) 2010 organized by Sequoia Scientific, Inc., and the Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche (LOV) on 15-17 November 2010 in Villefranche-sur-Mer, France, and guest-edited by Ole Mikkelsen, Malik Chami and David Doxaran. PiE was initiated in 2008, in order to promote and further our understanding of the importance of suspended particulate matter (SPM) for a very wide range of processes in the aquatic environment—from optics and acoustics, over sediment transport, to the global carbon balance. The papers in this special issue are in particular concerned with the interaction between SPM and water optical properties, as well as how to use optical proxy measurements to understand SPM processes. The next PiE conference is scheduled for 17-19 October 2012 in Barcelona, Spain.

  6. Positive involuntary autobiographical memories: You first have to live them

    PubMed Central

    Clark, Ian A.; Mackay, Clare E.; Holmes, Emily A.

    2013-01-01

    Involuntary autobiographical memories (IAMs) are typically discussed in the context of negative memories such as trauma ‘flashbacks’. However, IAMs occur frequently in everyday life and are predominantly positive. In spite of this, surprisingly little is known about how such positive IAMs arise. The trauma film paradigm is often used to generate negative IAMs. Recently an equivalent positive film was developed inducing positive IAMs (Davies, Malik, Pictet, Blackwell, & Holmes, 2012). The current study is the first to investigate which variables (emotional reaction to the film; recognition memory of the film; participant characteristics) would best predict the frequency of positive IAMs. Higher levels of positive mood change to the film were significantly associated with the number of positive IAMs recorded in the subsequent week. Results demonstrate the importance of positive emotional reaction at the time of an event for subsequent positive IAMs. PMID:23416539

  7. Respiratory adaptation to high altitude in adolescent Bod girls of the Western Himalayas.

    PubMed

    Malik, S L; Pandey, A K

    1993-01-01

    The impact of high-altitude environment was studied on respiratory functions and body measurements in adolescent Bod girls of Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir, India. Data were collected on 133 high-altitude and 141 low-altitude Bod girls in the age range 12-18 years. Lung functions were, age to age, higher in high-altitude girls than their coeval lowlanders. This has been explained as an adaptation to the stress of low atmospheric pressure at high altitude. This response is similar to the one observed in growing Bod boys living in the same area (Malik and Singh 1979, 1984). High-altitude girls were shorter and lighter, the difference was more pronounced in weight and especially after 14 years of age.

  8. Smart nonlinear diffusion: a probabilistic approach.

    PubMed

    Bao, Yufang; Krim, Hamid

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, a stochastic interpretation of nonlinear diffusion equations used for image filtering is proposed. This is achieved by relating the problem of evolving/smoothing images to that of tracking the transition probability density functions of an underlying random process. We show that such an interpretation of, e.g., Perona-Malik equation, in turn allows additional insight and sufficient flexibility to further investigate some outstanding problems of nonlinear diffusion techniques. In particular, upon unraveling the limitations as well as the advantages of such an equation, we are able to propose a new approach which is demonstrated to improve performance over existing approaches and, more importantly, to lift the longstanding problem of a stopping criterion for a nonlinear evolution equation with no data term constraint. Substantiating examples in image enhancement and segmentation are provided.

  9. Anisotropic partial differential equation noise-reduction algorithm based on fringe feature for ESPI

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Fang; Liu, Wenyao; Wang, Jinjiang; Zhu, Yue; Xia, Lin

    2009-06-01

    Noise reduction is one of the most exciting problems in electronic speckle pattern interferometry. We present a new anisotropic partial differential equation noise-reduction algorithm based on fringe orientation for interferometric fringe patterns. The proposed equation performs diffusion along the two directions of fringe gradient and isophote line, which are extracted accurately according to fringe feature. By restriction of diffusion in the gradient direction of fringe patterns, this method can provide optimal results in denoising but does not destroy fringe edges. The experimental results show that this technique is more capable of significantly improving the quality of the fringe patterns than the classical anisotropic diffusion equation proposed by Perona and Malik. Based on our filtered fringe patterns, the phase map obtained by phase-shifting technique can be extracted more accurately. It is an effective pre-processing method for electronic speckle pattern interferometry.

  10. Degenerate Regularization of Forward-Backward Parabolic Equations: The Regularized Problem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smarrazzo, Flavia; Tesei, Alberto

    2012-04-01

    We study a quasilinear parabolic equation of forward-backward type in one space dimension, under assumptions on the nonlinearity which hold for a number of important mathematical models (for example, the one-dimensional Perona-Malik equation), using a degenerate pseudoparabolic regularization proposed in Barenblatt et al. (SIAM J Math Anal 24:1414-1439, 1993), which takes time delay effects into account. We prove existence and uniqueness of positive solutions of the regularized problem in a space of Radon measures. We also study qualitative properties of such solutions, in particular concerning their decomposition into an absolutely continuous part and a singular part with respect to the Lebesgue measure. In this respect, the existence of a family of viscous entropy inequalities plays an important role.

  11. BV-type regularization methods for convoluted objects with edge, flat and grey scales

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ito, Kazufumi; Kunisch, Karl

    2000-08-01

    A variational approach for the robust inversion of linear smoothing operators is discussed. We employ and generalize the enhancement techniques based on BV- and Perona-Malik-type regularization methods. The problem is cast as the minimization of a cost functional consisting of a data fitting and a restoration energy criterion for multiscale objects consisting of edge, flat and grey regions. An iterative algorithm for finding the restored object that minimizes the cost functional is developed and analysed. It is based upon a fixed-point iteration combining a time-marching and successive substitution method for finding a solution to a quasi-elliptic partial differential equation. Global convergence is proved. Numerical examples illustrate the proposed approach.

  12. Performance comparison of fundamental anisotropic diffusion algorithms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bayraktar, Bulent; Analoui, Mostafa

    2004-05-01

    Anisotropic diffusion (AD), first introduced by Perona and Malik (PM), provides image enhancement a strong benefit as it favors intra-region over inter-region smoothing. Early updates on the original PM algorithm focused on the cures for its drawbacks. Later some authors provided their own versions of AD techniques with a wide variety of applications. We surveyed the pros and cons of many fundamental AD techniques. To put our purpose into perspective, we compared the performances of fundamental AD algorithms to simple traditional filters and to more sophisticated tools such as wavelets. Visual inspection and two mathematical criteria are used for performance comparison: Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and universal image quality index (UIQI). We believe that a good overview of its simplicity and power will show the rightful reason of so much interest in anisotropic diffusion since its introduction.

  13. Evolutionary partial differential equations for biomedical image processing.

    PubMed

    Sarti, Alessandro; Mikula, Karol; Sgallari, Fiorella; Lamberti, Claudio

    2002-04-01

    We are presenting here a model for processing space-time image sequences and applying them to 3D echo-cardiography. The non-linear evolutionary equations filter the sequence with keeping space-time coherent structures. They have been developed using ideas of regularized Perona-Malik an-isotropic diffusion and geometrical diffusion of mean curvature flow type (Malladi-Sethian), combined with Galilean invariant movie multi-scale analysis of Alvarez et al. A discretization of space-time filtering equations by means of finite volume method is discussed in detail. Computational results in processing of 3D echo-cardiographic sequences obtained by rotational acquisition technique and by real-time 3D echo volumetrics acquisition technique are presented. Quantitative error estimation is also provided.

  14. Integrated approach to the data processing of four-dimensional datasets from phase-contrast x-ray tomography.

    PubMed

    Shahani, Ashwin J; Begum Gulsoy, E; Gibbs, John W; Fife, Julie L; Voorhees, Peter W

    2014-10-06

    Phase contrast X-ray tomography (PCT) enables the study of systems consisting of elements with similar atomic numbers. Processing datasets acquired using PCT is nontrivial because of the low-pass characteristics of the commonly used single-image phase retrieval algorithm. In this study, we introduce an image processing methodology that simultaneously utilizes both phase and attenuation components of an image obtained at a single detector distance. This novel method, combined with regularized Perona-Malik filter and bias-corrected fuzzy C-means algorithm, allows for automated segmentation of data acquired through four-dimensional PCT. Using this integrated approach, the three-dimensional coarsening morphology of an Aluminum-29.9 wt% Silicon alloy can be analyzed.

  15. An edge-adapting Laplacian kernel for nonlinear diffusion filters.

    PubMed

    Hajiaboli, Mohammad Reza; Ahmad, M Omair; Wang, Chunyan

    2012-04-01

    In this paper, first, a new Laplacian kernel is developed to integrate into it the anisotropic behavior to control the process of forward diffusion in horizontal and vertical directions. It is shown that, although the new kernel reduces the process of edge distortion, it nonetheless produces artifacts in the processed image. After examining the source of this problem, an analytical scheme is devised to obtain a spatially varying kernel that adapts itself to the diffusivity function. The proposed spatially varying Laplacian kernel is then used in various nonlinear diffusion filters starting from the classical Perona-Malik filter to the more recent ones. The effectiveness of the new kernel in terms of quantitative and qualitative measures is demonstrated by applying it to noisy images.

  16. A new jumping spider of the genus Stenaelurillus Simon, 1886 from India (Araneae: Salticidae: Aelurillina).

    PubMed

    Caleb, John T D; Mathai, Manu Thomas

    2016-04-12

    The genus Stenaelurillus Simon, 1886 is known from 35 species worldwide, including 27 species from Africa and eight from Asia (four species known from India, one from Iran, one from China, one from Tibet and one from Vietnam) (World Spider Catalog 2016). The four species known from India are S. albus Sebastian et al., 2015, S. jagannathae Das, Malik & Vidhel, 2015, S. lesserti Reimoser, 1934 and S. sarojinae Caleb & Mathai, 2014 (Prószyński 2015; World Spider Catalog 2016). The present paper contains description of Stenaelurillus metallicus sp. nov., discovered from scrub jungle remnants of tropical dry evergreen forests, a unique habitat found in Madras Christian College campus, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

  17. Stretching in a model of a turbulent flow

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baggaley, Andrew W.; Barenghi, Carlo F.; Shukurov, Anvar

    2009-03-01

    Using a multi-scaled, chaotic flow known as the KS model of turbulence [J.C.H. Fung, J.C.R. Hunt, A. Malik, R.J. Perkins, Kinematic simulation of homogeneous turbulence by unsteady random fourier modes, J. Fluid Mech. 236 (1992) 281-318], we investigate the dependence of Lyapunov exponents on various characteristics of the flow. We show that the KS model yields a power law relation between the Reynolds number and the maximum Lyapunov exponent, which is similar to that for a turbulent flow with the same energy spectrum. Our results show that the Lyapunov exponents are sensitive to the advection of small eddies by large eddies, which can be explained by considering the Lagrangian correlation time of the smallest scales. We also relate the number of stagnation points within a flow to the maximum Lyapunov exponent, and suggest a linear dependence between the two characteristics.

  18. Gamma exposure rates due to neutron activation of soil: site of Hood detonation, Operation Plumbbob

    SciTech Connect

    Auxier, J.A.; Ohnesorge, W.F.

    1980-06-01

    This paper is the result of some recent discussions of exposure rates within the first few hours of the Hood detonation of the Plumbbob series due to neutron activation of soil. We estimated the exposure rates from 1/2 to 3 h after the detonation from ground zero to 1000 yards from ground zero. The area was assumed to be uncontaminated by fallout. Soil samples from the area of the Nevada Test Site at which the Hood device was detonated were sent to ORNL by Dr. John Malik of Los Alamos and by Mr. Gordon Jacks of the Nevada Test Site. These samples were irradiated at the DOSAR facility and the resulting activity analyzed. Calculations of exposure rates were then made based on the analyzed activity and the measured thermal neutron fluences at DOSAR and at the Hood Site.

  19. The Changing Landscape of Lung Cancer Research and Treatment

    Cancer.gov

    Along with the Lung Cancer Social Media (#LCSM) community, the National Cancer Institute will be co-hosting a lively and interactive Google Hangout on Air about the changing landscape of lung cancer research and treatment. During the chat, viewers will have the opportunity to pose questions to a panel of lung cancer experts including NCI's Dr. Shakun Malik, the head of thoracic oncology therapeutics, Roy S. Herbst, MD, PhD, Chief of Medical Oncology, Yale Cancer Center and Smilow Cancer Hospital at Yale-New Haven and David Tom Cooke MD FACS, Head, Section of General Thoracic Surgery University of California, Davis. You can also learn more and follow along on the #LCSM Chat page. The chat will be moderated by lung cancer advocate and #LCSM co-founder, Janet Freeman-Daily. To ask questions of our experts, simply use the #LCSM hashtag during the chat.

  20. Role of Cluster Deformations on Their Preformation Probabilities in Radioactive Cluster-Decay Studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Săndulescu, Aurel; Gupta, Raj K.; Greiner, Walter; Carstoiu, Florin; Horoi, Mihai

    The folded Michigan — 3-Yukawa (M3Y) potential is used for the first time for calculating the WKB penetration probabilities, with deformation effects of the emitted clusters also included for the first time. For the clusters to be spheres, our calculations of the (empirical) performation probabilities P0 show that, depending rather sensitively on the choice of nuclear potential, P0 decreases with mass Ac of the emitted cluster, as is the case for other two model calculations of Blendowske-Walliser and Malik-Gupta. The deformation effects of the emitted clusters are shown to reduce the performation probabilities by an order of magnitude 103, which invalidates the simple straight line formula between — log10 P0 and Ac.

  1. Image segmentation and edge enhancement with stabilized inverse diffusion equations.

    PubMed

    Pollak, I; Willsky, A S; Krim, H

    2000-01-01

    We introduce a family of first-order multidimensional ordinary differential equations (ODEs) with discontinuous right-hand sides and demonstrate their applicability in image processing. An equation belonging to this family is an inverse diffusion everywhere except at local extrema, where some stabilization is introduced. For this reason, we call these equations "stabilized inverse diffusion equations" (SIDEs). Existence and uniqueness of solutions, as well as stability, are proven for SIDEs. A SIDE in one spatial dimension may be interpreted as a limiting case of a semi-discretized Perona-Malik equation. In an experiment, SIDE's are shown to suppress noise while sharpening edges present in the input signal. Their application to image segmentation is also demonstrated.

  2. Karate lessons are too risky if pupil has HIV, judge rules.

    PubMed

    1998-03-06

    A Virginia karate school owner, [name removed], has the right to deny classes to an HIV-positive 12-year-old on the grounds that his participation could put others at grave danger from blood, saliva, and bodily fluids. The Virginia ruling found that [name removed] was covered by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA); however, the school was not obliged to accept him because of potential health threats. Although Suzanne LaVoie, an infectious disease specialist at the Medical College of Virginia, found [name removed] physically fit, [name removed] refused to admit him to the regular course and offered private lessons as an accommodation; the boy declined the offer. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), there are no known cases of HIV transmission via sports contact in the United States. Terry Raney, [name removed]'s attorney, plans to appeal the ruling and the Rutherford Institute will underwrite some of the expenses.

  3. Evidence based library and information practice in Australia: defining skills and knowledge.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Suzanne

    2011-06-01

    This guest feature from Suzanne Lewis, a long-time advocate of evidence based library and information practice (EBLIP) in Australia, discusses a current trend within the movement that focuses on the skills, knowledge and competencies of health librarians. In particular, the feature describes three specific Australia-based research projects, on expert searching, indigenous health and future skills requirements for the health library workforce respectively, that exemplify this trend. These projects illustrate how the evidence base can be strengthened around the skills and knowledge required to deliver services that continue to meet the changing needs of health library and information users. © 2011 The authors. Health Information and Libraries Journal © 2011 Health Libraries Group.

  4. Voyager in Interstellar Space

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2013-09-12

    Suzanne Dodd, Voyager project manager, NASA's Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) holds a replica of the golden record carried on Voyager at a news conference on NASA's Voyager 1 spacecraft, Thursday, Sept. 12, 2013 at NASA Headquarters in Washington. The Golden Record was intended to communicate a story of our world to extraterrestrials. NASA's Voyager 1 spacecraft officially is the first human-made object to venture into interstellar space. The 36-year-old probe is about 12 billion miles (19 billion kilometers) from our sun. New and unexpected data indicate Voyager 1 has been traveling for about one year through plasma, or ionized gas, present in the space between stars. A report on the analysis of this new data is published in Thursday's edition of the journal Science. Photo Credit: (NASA/Carla Cioffi)

  5. Photographs of historical figures and events in geophysics wanted

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lyons, Suzanne

    The AGU History of Geophysics Committee is beginning a project to depict the history of geophysics through an ongoing photographic display at AGU meetings. The photographs will feature notable events and people within the geosciences. The committee welcomes submissions of photographic prints that would complement the collection.Candid shots are preferred, but portraits are appreciated as well. Please send a black and white copy of the print, or send the original and the committee will make a copy and return it to you. Funds are available to reproduce a limited amount of material. The photo should be accompanied by a listing of the people involved, the location, and the approximate date the photograph was taken. Please send prints to Suzanne Lyons, IGPP, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA 92093-0225 USA.

  6. Disseminating research.

    PubMed

    Baillie, Lesley

    2015-07-01

    THE THEME of this edition of Nurse Researcher, 'disseminating research', is pertinent to researchers across the career spectrum and tackles two important issues: open access publishing and originality in PhD research. In the first paper, Suzanne Fredericks examines and contrasts two models of open access publishing, revealing some notable advantages of 'green' open access, achieved through repositories, as opposed to the more well-known 'gold' open access offered by journals ( Fredericks 2015 ). In the second paper, Paul Gill and Gina Dolan discuss originality in PhD studies, exploring the nature of the concept and how doctoral students can demonstrate originality, which is an essential consideration in their research dissemination activities as well as their thesis preparation ( Gill and Dolan 2015 ).

  7. Treatment-resistant depression and physician-assisted death.

    PubMed

    MIller, Franklin G

    2015-11-01

    In a recent article, Udo Schuklenk and Suzanne van de Vathorst argued in favour of a legal option of physician-assisted death for patients with 'treatment-resistant' depression. In this commentary, I contend that their argument neglects the important consideration of the professional integrity of physicians. In light of this consideration, coupled with uncertainty about whether additional interventions with the patient can improve quality of life and restore the will to live, it is not appropriate to include patients with 'treatment-resistant' depression within a legal option of physician-assisted death. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  8. The value of life in English law: revered but not sacred?

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Terms such as sanctity and inviolability have failed to provide a legally coherent or ethically sound principle upon which to determine the scope of the intrinsic value of life against extrinsic, quality‐of‐life considerations in a medical context. In their recent work, Margaret Brazier and Suzanne Ost introduce a new term, reverence for life, which they suggest may be more appropriate when attempting to navigate the murky waters of the meaning of life and the value that should be attached to it. They suggest that reverence should be utilised as an alternative that better reflects the nuances and the realities of the dilemma. This paper explores the existing difficulties before considering how the principle of reverence might provide a principled compromise over when the presumption in favour of preserving life should be rebutted. PMID:28111491

  9. 50th Anniversary of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2014-06-23

    From left: Robert Lightroot. NASA Associate Administrator; Dr. Roger Launius, Associate Director of Collections and Curatorial Affairs at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum; Dr. Harriett Jenkins, Former Assistant Administrator for Equal Opportunity Programs at NASA; Brenda Manuel, Associate Administrator for Diversity and Equal Opportunity at NASA; Suzanne Malveaux, CNN Correspondent and panel moderator; U.S. Representative Eddie Bernice Johnson, of Texas; Dr. Michael Eric Dyson, professor of sociology at Georgetown University; and Charles Bolden, NASA Administrator; pose for a picture following an event celebrating the 50th Anniversary of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 on Monday, June 23, 2014 in the James E. Webb Auditorium at NASA Headquarters in Washington, DC. The event highlighted the influence of the Civil Rights Act on NASA. Photo Credit: (NASA/Joel Kowsky)

  10. 50th Anniversary of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2014-06-23

    Dr. Michael Eric Dyson, a professor of sociology at Georgetown University, left; speaks as part of a panel discussion at an event celebrating the 50th Anniversary of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 on Monday, June 23, 2014 in the James E. Webb Auditorium at NASA Headquarters in Washington, DC. The panel was moderated by Suzanne Malveaux, a correspondent with CNN, left; and also included U.S. Representative Eddie Bernice Johnson, of Texas, second from left; Dr. Harriet Jenkins, Former Assistant Administrator for Equal Opportunity Programs at NASA, third from left; and Dr. Roger Launius, Associate Director of Collections and Curatorial Affairs at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum, second from right. The event highlighted the influence of the Civil Rights Act on NASA. Photo Credit: (NASA/Joel Kowsky)

  11. 50th Anniversary of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2014-06-23

    Members of the audience listen as U.S. Representative Eddie Bernice Johnson, of Texas; Dr. Harriet Jenkins, Former Assistant Administrator for Equal Opportunity Programs at NASA; Dr. Roger Launius, Associate Director of Collections and Curatorial Affairs at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum; and Dr. Michael Eric Dyson, a professor of sociology at Georgetown University; speak on a panel moderated by Suzanne Malveaux, of CNN, at an event celebrating the 50th Anniversary of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 on Monday, June 23, 2014 in the James E. Webb Auditorium at NASA Headquarters in Washington, DC. The event highlighted the influence of the Civil Rights Act on NASA. Photo Credit: (NASA/Joel Kowsky)

  12. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Identifications of Sonneberg variables (Kinnunen+, 1999-2000)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kinnunen, T.; Skiff, B. A.

    2002-09-01

    The list below is a continuation of a series providing accurate positions and identifications for variables appearing on the MVS charts (Hoffmeister, 1957, Mitt. Verdander. Sterne, No. 245). The variables here were first described by Hoffmeister (1949, Astron. Abh. Ergaenzungshefte z.d. Astron. Nach., 12, no. 1, A3) in the difficult-to-find ``Ergaenzungshefte'' to the Astronomische Nachrichten, and are the first group from a collection of some 1440 variables from this publication. Details about the identification procedure and table layout are contained in the first report of our series (Kinnunen & Skiff, 2000IBVS.4862....1K). We are grateful to librarians Antoinette Beiser (Lowell) and Brenda Corbin (U. S. Naval Observatory, Washington) for providing a photocopy of the Hoffmeister survey; ``bibliothecaire extraordinaire'' Suzanne Laloe (Obs. Paris-Meudon) advised on how this obscure journal should be cited. (3 data files).

  13. Measuring the Effect of Filters on Segmentation of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip

    PubMed Central

    Kocer, Hasan Erdinc; Cevik, Kerim Kursat; Sivri, Mesut; Koplay, Mustafa

    2016-01-01

    Background Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) can be detected with ultrasonography (USG) images. However, the accuracy of this method is dependent on the skill of the radiologist. Radiologists measure the hip joint angles without computer-based diagnostic systems. This causes mistakes in the diagnosis of DDH. Objectives In this study, we aimed to automate segmentation of DDH ultrasound images in order to make it convenient for radiologic diagnosis by this recommended system. Materials and Methods This experiment consisted of several steps, in which pure DDH and various noise-added images were formed. Then, seven different filters (mean, median, Gaussian, Wiener, Perona and Malik, Lee, and Frost) were applied to the images, and the output images were evaluated. The study initially evaluated the filter implementations on the pure DDH images. Then, three different noise functions, speckle, salt and pepper, and Gaussian, were applied to the images and the noisy images were filtered. In the last part, the peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR) and mean square error (MSE) values of the filtered images were evaluated. PSNR and MSE distortion measurements were applied to determine the image qualities of the original image and the output image. As a result, the differences in the results of different noise removal filters were observed. Results The best results of PSNR values obtained in filtering were: Wiener (43.49), Perona and Malik (27.68), median (40.60) and Lee (35.35) for the noise functions of raw images, Gaussian noise added, salt and pepper noise added and speckle noise added images, respectively. After the segmentation process, it was seen that applying filtering to DDH USG images had low influence. We correctly segmented the ilium zone with the active contour model. Conclusion Various filters are needed to improve the image quality. In this study, seven different filters were implemented and investigated on both noisy and noise-free images. PMID:27853489

  14. A new semi-automated method for fetal volume measurements with three-dimensional ultrasound: preliminary results.

    PubMed

    Smeets, Nicol A C; Dvinskikh, Natallia A; Winkens, Bjorn; Oei, S Guid

    2012-08-01

    Complications in pregnancy are suggested to be the result of intrauterine conditions in the first trimester of pregnancy. Three-dimensional ultrasound volume measurements might give more information, compared with two-dimensional measurements. Commonly available methods for volume measurements are not suited for daily practice. This is a report of preliminary results of a promising, more practical semi-automated method for volume calculations with three-dimensional ultrasound. Volume datasets of 16 objects (10.2-41.5 cm(3) ) were obtained. Euclidean shortening flow and Perona and Malik were used as image enhancement techniques. The image gradient was calculated. The points of interest were detected by the iso-intensity and the edge-detection technique. Volume measurements with Volume Computer-aided AnaLysis (VOCAL) are used as a reference. A volume dataset of a first trimester fetus was acquired to test this method in vivo. The mathematical calculations with iso-intensity (Perona and Malik: average= -1.57 cm(3) , SD=4.05; and Euclidean shortening flow: average= -1.38 cm(3) , SD=2.47) showed results comparable with the VOCAL method (average= +1.28 cm(3) , SD=2.07). We also succeeded in detecting all voxels in the whole contour of a 12-week fetus. Mathematical volume calculations are possible with the semi-automated method. We were able to apply this new method on a first trimester fetus. This new method is promising for future use in the daily practice. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  15. Piecewise approximation of curves using nonlinear diffusion in scale-space

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pinheiro, Antonio M. G.; Ghanbari, Mohammad

    2000-10-01

    The emerging Multimedia Content Description Interface standard, MPEG-7, looks at the indexing and retrieval of visual information. In this context the development of shape description and shape querying tools become a fundamental and challenging task. We introduce a method based on non-linear diffusion of contours. The aim is to compute reference points in contours to provide a shape description tool. This reference points will be situated in the sharpest changes in the contour direction. Hence, they provide ideal choices to use as vertices of a polygonal approximation. If a maximum error between the original contour and the polygonal approximation is required, a scale-space procedure can help to find new vertices in order to meet this requirement. Basically, this method follows the non-linear diffusion technique of Perona and Malik. Unlike the usually linear diffusion techniques of contours, where the diffusion is made through the contour points coordinates, this method applies the diffusion in the tangent space. In this case the contour is described by the angle variation, and the non-linear diffusion procedure is applied on it. Perona and Malik model determines how strong diffusion will act on the original function, and depends of a factor K, estimated automatically. In areas with spatial concentration of strong changes of the angle this factor is also adjusted to reduce the noise effect. The proposed method has been extensively tested using the data- base contour of fish shapes in SQUID web site. A shape-based retrieval application was also tested using a similarity measure between two polygonal approximations.

  16. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography image enhancement for automatic disease detection

    PubMed Central

    Logeswaran, Rajasvaran

    2010-01-01

    AIM: To sufficiently improve magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) quality to enable reliable computer-aided diagnosis (CAD). METHODS: A set of image enhancement strategies that included filters (i.e. Gaussian, median, Wiener and Perona-Malik), wavelets (i.e. contourlet, ridgelet and a non-orthogonal noise compensation implementation), graph-cut approaches using lazy-snapping and Phase Unwrapping MAxflow, and binary thresholding using a fixed threshold and dynamic thresholding via histogram analysis were implemented to overcome the adverse characteristics of MRCP images such as acquisition noise, artifacts, partial volume effect and large inter- and intra-patient image intensity variations, all of which pose problems in application development. Subjective evaluation of several popular pre-processing techniques was undertaken to improve the quality of the 2D MRCP images and enhance the detection of the significant biliary structures within them, with the purpose of biliary disease detection. RESULTS: The results varied as expected since each algorithm capitalized on different characteristics of the images. For denoising, the Perona-Malik and contourlet approaches were found to be the most suitable. In terms of extraction of the significant biliary structures and removal of background, the thresholding approaches performed well. The interactive scheme performed the best, especially by using the strengths of the graph-cut algorithm enhanced by user-friendly lazy-snapping for foreground and background marker selection. CONCLUSION: Tests show promising results for some techniques, but not others, as viable image enhancement modules for automatic CAD systems for biliary and liver diseases. PMID:21160667

  17. Measuring the Effect of Filters on Segmentation of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip.

    PubMed

    Kocer, Hasan Erdinc; Cevik, Kerim Kursat; Sivri, Mesut; Koplay, Mustafa

    2016-07-01

    Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) can be detected with ultrasonography (USG) images. However, the accuracy of this method is dependent on the skill of the radiologist. Radiologists measure the hip joint angles without computer-based diagnostic systems. This causes mistakes in the diagnosis of DDH. In this study, we aimed to automate segmentation of DDH ultrasound images in order to make it convenient for radiologic diagnosis by this recommended system. This experiment consisted of several steps, in which pure DDH and various noise-added images were formed. Then, seven different filters (mean, median, Gaussian, Wiener, Perona and Malik, Lee, and Frost) were applied to the images, and the output images were evaluated. The study initially evaluated the filter implementations on the pure DDH images. Then, three different noise functions, speckle, salt and pepper, and Gaussian, were applied to the images and the noisy images were filtered. In the last part, the peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR) and mean square error (MSE) values of the filtered images were evaluated. PSNR and MSE distortion measurements were applied to determine the image qualities of the original image and the output image. As a result, the differences in the results of different noise removal filters were observed. The best results of PSNR values obtained in filtering were: Wiener (43.49), Perona and Malik (27.68), median (40.60) and Lee (35.35) for the noise functions of raw images, Gaussian noise added, salt and pepper noise added and speckle noise added images, respectively. After the segmentation process, it was seen that applying filtering to DDH USG images had low influence. We correctly segmented the ilium zone with the active contour model. Various filters are needed to improve the image quality. In this study, seven different filters were implemented and investigated on both noisy and noise-free images.

  18. Hand-Drawn 'Weekly Information Sheets' Focus Teaching, Engage Students, and Improve Communication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pound, K. S.

    2016-12-01

    Hand-drawn and lettered `Weekly Information Sheets' (WIS) were created on a weekly basis for an upper-level Sedimentology & Stratigraphy class. Use of these sheets resulted in improved work quality, attention to detail, communication skills, and overall engagement. The sheets were modeled on the work of Lynda Barry (https://www.drawnandquarterly.com/syllabus), and included a series of repeated elements: goofy/absurd newspaper clippings, marginally pertinent cartoon(s), a summary of the weeks activities / goals and lectures, as well as cartoon cat, mouse and penguin drawings with innane comments, quotes and general class reminders. The pedagogical aims for these weekly sheets were multifold. First, they were designed so that students could see the time and care I put in to the sheet - my hope was that this would show the time and care I expected them to put in to their work. Second, I wanted to create something students would take the time to read - despite this being a 400-level class, students are rarely diligent about reading a typewritten handout. Third, I wanted to have a vehicle for engaging them in the larger world, including ethical or moral dilemmas. Fourth, I wanted the students to reflectively consider the nature of communication in science. Finally, I wanted a mechanism to focus my thoughts on the teaching and learning for the upcoming week that went beyond simply reviewing my notes and activities. Student response to the WIS was positive; they read them, used them for organizing their class notes and exam review. Students arrived early for class on Mondays for the WIS - although I needed to give them time to read the sheet. Comparison with previous course offerings shows improvements in student communication skills (written reports, poster presentation) and overall achievement.

  19. Obituary: Preston F. Gott, 1919-2002

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Myles, Charles Wesley

    2003-12-01

    Preston F. Gott, Professor Emeritus of Physics and former Director of the Observatories at Texas Tech University, died 13 January 2002 after a bout with Cancer. Mr. Gott was born 21 November 1919 in Waxahachie (Ellis County) Texas. He received his Bachelor of Science and Master of Arts degrees from the University of Texas at Austin. His first wife, Edna Maynard Gott, passed away in 1986; their two children are Eugene Willard Gott and Edith Suzanne Gott. After his retirement from Texas Tech University in 1989, he married Orene Whitcomb Peddicord, M.D. on 14 May 1991 and they lived in Odessa, Texas. Preston joined the Texas Tech University (TTU) faculty in 1948 and taught physics and astronomy there for 41 years, before retiring in 1989. He was responsible for starting astronomy teaching within the Physics department. He also developed, and taught for many years, a very popular, hands-on photography course in that department. It is due to Preston's persistence and determination that TTU has two astronomy observatories devoted to teaching. Because of his efforts, the on-campus observatory, Igor, was donated to TTU by White Sands Proving Grounds, New Mexico. He is also primarily responsible for obtaining the land, equipment and construction funds for an off campus observatory. In 1991, the TTU Board of Regents named the latter facility the Preston F. Gott Skyview Observatory. He also developed a private Mountainside Observatory in Fort Davis, Texas. Until recently, Preston was listed as a Senior Scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, CA where he worked several summers on the moon and mars lander projects. In the 1950s and 1960s, he worked several summers at the White Sands Proving Grounds in New Mexico. In that period, he was also a consultant and frequent Visiting Scientist at the Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland. Preston was a very generous donor to the Department of Physics and the Texas Tech University. He endowed the Gott Gold Tooth

  20. Modified anisotropic diffusion for image smoothing and enhancement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Zhong; Whitaker, Ross T.

    2001-05-01

    This paper discusses an improved nonlinear filtering approach based on anisotropic diffusion technique. This modified anisotropic diffusion method smooths along curve directions, i.e. the directions of level sets. The upwind scheme for level set is used to solve the diffusion equation. Compared with the conventional anisotropic diffusion, which depends only on the local gradient of intensities of the processed image, this modified scheme overcomes the defect of indefinite edge enhancement associated with Perona-Malik model while depressing noises in a better performance. Moreover, a multi-scale diffusion technique is applied to limit blurring by the presence of edges as measured at the scale of interest, so that accurate information about boundaries of objects could be preserved and small details that fall below the scale of interest be removed. Then an extension into vector-valued diffusion is also presented in this paper, which is capable of smoothing small objects while maintaining boundaries information in vector-valued images. Experiments on gray-scale and color images demonstrate the efficacy of this method in image smoothing as well as image enhancement.

  1. Einleitung

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herrmann, Christoph

    Veränderungen unserer Umwelt, wie z.B. die Globalisierung und Dynamisierung der Absatz- und Beschaffungsmärkte, führen zu einer steigenden Komplexität in unternehmerischen Entscheidungssituationen. Die Dynamik der Veränderungen erfordert eine immer schnellere Anpassung der Unternehmen an ihre Umwelt (Malik 2006). Die aktive Gestaltung dieser notwendigen Anpassungen in Form des unternehmerischen Wandels wird damit zu einer entscheidenden Fähigkeit von Unternehmen (Westkämper 2002). Insbesondere für kleine und mittlere Unternehmen (KMU) stellen die rasant steigenden Anforderungen an die Anpassungsfähigkeit - auch aufgrund vielschichtiger KMU-spezifischer Faktoren (wie z.B. eine fehlende oder nur lückenhaft formulierte Unternehmensstrategie, fehlende Methodenkompetenz, etc.) - die zentrale Herausforderung für die Zukunft dar. Da KMU in der Regel in die Zulieferketten größerer Unternehmen eingebunden sind, werden zudem die Anpassungsanforderungen der großen Unternehmen an die kleinen und mittleren Unternehmen weitergegeben. Erfolgt die Anpassung von KMU an die zeitlichen, qualitativen oder kostenbezogenen Anforderungen ihrer Kunden nur langsam oder in unzureichendem Maße, verlieren KMU im Verlaufe der Zeit ihre Wettbewerbs- und damit ihre Überlebensfähigkeit (Gomez u. Hahn 1994).

  2. The role of visual occlusion in altitude maintenance during simulated flight.

    PubMed

    Gray, R; Geri, G A; Akhtar, S C; Covas, C M

    2008-04-01

    The use of visual occlusion as a cue to altitude maintenance in low-altitude flight (LAF) was investigated. The extent to which the ground surface is occluded by 3-D objects varies with altitude and depends on the height, radius, and density of the objects. Participants attempted to maintain a constant altitude during simulated flight over an undulating terrain with trees of various heights, radii, and densities. As would be predicted if participants used occlusion, root-mean-square error was related to the product of tree height and tree density (Experiment 1) and to the product of tree radius and tree density (Experiment 2). This relationship was also found for simulated terrains with a more realistic mixture of tree heights (Experiment 4). The authors present a modification to an occlusion model (T. Leung & J. Malik, 1997) that can be used to approximate occlusion in the context of LAF, and they evaluate the modified model using the present LAF data. On a practical level, simulating 3-D objects is computationally expensive. The present results suggest that performance may be maintained with fewer objects if their size is increased. (Copyright) 2008 APA, all rights reserved.

  3. Simulation of Three-Dimensional Symmetric and Asymmetric Instabilities in Attachment-Line Boundary Layers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Joslin, Ronald D.

    1996-01-01

    On a swept wing, contamination along the leading edge, Tollmien-Schlichting waves, stationary or traveling crossflow vortices, and/or Taylor-Gortler vortices can cause the catastrophic breakdown of laminar to turbulent flow, which leads to increased skin-friction drag for the aircraft. The discussion in this Note will be limited to disturbances which evolve along the attachment line (leading edge of swept wing). If the Reynolds number of the attachment-line boundary layer is greater than some critical value, then the complete wing is inevitably engulfed in turbulent flow. Essentially, there are two critical Reynolds number points that must be considered. The first is for small-amplitude disturbances, and the second is for bypass transition. The present study will use direct numerical simulations to validate a linear 2D-eigenvalue prediction method based on parabolized stability equations by Lin and Malik. This method is considered because it suggests that a number of symmetric and asymmetric modes exist and are stable or unstable on the attachment line depending on the Reynolds number. If validated, the approach would predict a number of modes which are linearly damped in the Reynolds number regime 100 to 245; however, these modes may grow nonlinearly and provide an explanation to this region.

  4. A novel algorithm to detect glaucoma risk using texton and local configuration pattern features extracted from fundus images.

    PubMed

    Acharya, U Rajendra; Bhat, Shreya; Koh, Joel E W; Bhandary, Sulatha V; Adeli, Hojjat

    2017-09-01

    Glaucoma is an optic neuropathy defined by characteristic damage to the optic nerve and accompanying visual field deficits. Early diagnosis and treatment are critical to prevent irreversible vision loss and ultimate blindness. Current techniques for computer-aided analysis of the optic nerve and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) are expensive and require keen interpretation by trained specialists. Hence, an automated system is highly desirable for a cost-effective and accurate screening for the diagnosis of glaucoma. This paper presents a new methodology and a computerized diagnostic system. Adaptive histogram equalization is used to convert color images to grayscale images followed by convolution of these images with Leung-Malik (LM), Schmid (S), and maximum response (MR4 and MR8) filter banks. The basic microstructures in typical images are called textons. The convolution process produces textons. Local configuration pattern (LCP) features are extracted from these textons. The significant features are selected using a sequential floating forward search (SFFS) method and ranked using the statistical t-test. Finally, various classifiers are used for classification of images into normal and glaucomatous classes. A high classification accuracy of 95.8% is achieved using six features obtained from the LM filter bank and the k-nearest neighbor (kNN) classifier. A glaucoma integrative index (GRI) is also formulated to obtain a reliable and effective system. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Account of Haly Abbas regarding the management of hydrocephalus in children: a text from medieval times.

    PubMed

    Aciduman, Ahmet; Arda, Berna; Aşkit, Cağatay; Belen, Deniz; Tuzcu, Kemal

    2014-12-01

    To present the text on hydrocephalus from Haly Abbas's book Kitāb al-Malikī / Liber Regius (The Royal Book), which was accepted as a classical textbook in the Eastern and Western worlds for a long time. The Arabic (Süleymaniye Manuscript Library, Murad Molla Collection, Nr: 1482 and Būlāḳ, 1294 /1877) and the Latin (Venice, 1492) versions of the related chapter was translated and compared to create an English text. Additionally, relevant literature was reviewed in detail. The text on hydrocephalus in Haly Abbas's The Royal Book virtually resembles Paul of Aegina's work. For hydrocephalic cases where the fluid collects between skin and pericranium, and pericranium and bone, Haly Abbas had made little change in surgical intervention; for the third type, skin incision, he preferred a T-type incision instead of an H-type. Like Paul of Aegina, Haly Abbas also did not advise any surgical intervention for the cases of hydrocephalus, where fluid accumulation is between bone and the dura mater. Haly Abbas's approach to hydrocephalus was as brave as that of his predecessors Antyllus, Oribasius, and Paulus, although the cases they dealt with were almost all cephalic hematomas. Although his chapter on the treatment of water accumulation in the head contains surgical interventions in extracranial hydrocephalic conditions, his account on hydrocephalus is extremely precise and gives adequate detail as in other chapters in his book. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. How did Haly Abbas look at the cardiovascular system?

    PubMed

    Dalfardi, Behnam; Mahmoudi Nezhad, Golnoush Sadat; Mehdizadeh, Alireza

    2014-03-01

    Persian scholars, especially those who lived during the Golden Age of Islamic Medicine (9th-12th century AD), made significant contributions to the healing arts and secured a place of honor for themselves in the history of this science. Abū l-Ḥasan Alī ibn al-'Abbās al-Majūsī Ahvazi (? 930-994AD), with the Latinized name of Haly Abbas, was a scientist from this part of the world who contributed to the advancement of medicine. He is the author of Kāmil al-Sinā'ah al-Tibbīyah (The Perfect Book of the Art of Medicine), also commonly known as al-Kitāb al-Malikī (The Royal Book), a medical encyclopedia renowned for its systematic and precise content. This textbook covers a wide variety of medical issues, among them topics related to the science of cardiology. This paper reviews the main points of Haly Abbas' knowledge of the cardiovascular system, of which little has been written until now.

  7. Quantitative evaluation of noise reduction and vesselness filters for liver vessel segmentation on abdominal CTA images

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luu, Ha Manh; Klink, Camiel; Moelker, Adriaan; Niessen, Wiro; van Walsum, Theo

    2015-05-01

    Liver vessel segmentation in CTA images is a challenging task, especially in the case of noisy images. This paper investigates whether pre-filtering improves liver vessel segmentation in 3D CTA images. We introduce a quantitative evaluation of several well-known filters based on a proposed liver vessel segmentation method on CTA images. We compare the effect of different diffusion techniques i.e. Regularized Perona-Malik, Hybrid Diffusion with Continuous Switch and Vessel Enhancing Diffusion as well as the vesselness approaches proposed by Sato, Frangi and Erdt. Liver vessel segmentation of the pre-processed images is performed using a histogram-based region grown with local maxima as seed points. Quantitative measurements (sensitivity, specificity and accuracy) are determined based on manual landmarks inside and outside the vessels, followed by T-tests for statistic comparisons on 51 clinical CTA images. The evaluation demonstrates that all the filters make liver vessel segmentation have a significantly higher accuracy than without using a filter (p  <  0.05) Hybrid Diffusion with Continuous Switch achieves the best performance. Compared to the diffusion filters, vesselness filters have a greater sensitivity but less specificity. In addition, the proposed liver vessel segmentation method with pre-filtering is shown to perform robustly on a clinical dataset having a low contrast-to-noise of up to 3 (dB). The results indicate that the pre-filtering step significantly improves liver vessel segmentation on 3D CTA images.

  8. PDE-based Non-Linear Diffusion Techniques for Denoising Scientific and Industrial Images: An Empirical Study

    SciTech Connect

    Weeratunga, S K; Kamath, C

    2001-12-20

    Removing noise from data is often the first step in data analysis. Denoising techniques should not only reduce the noise, but do so without blurring or changing the location of the edges. Many approaches have been proposed to accomplish this; in this paper, they focus on one such approach, namely the use of non-linear diffusion operators. This approach has been studied extensively from a theoretical viewpoint ever since the 1987 work of Perona and Malik showed that non-linear filters outperformed the more traditional linear Canny edge detector. They complement this theoretical work by investigating the performance of several isotropic diffusion operators on test images from scientific domains. They explore the effects of various parameters such as the choice of diffusivity function, explicit and implicit methods for the discretization of the PDE, and approaches for the spatial discretization of the non-linear operator etc. They also compare these schemes with simple spatial filters and the more complex wavelet-based shrinkage techniques. The empirical results show that, with an appropriate choice of parameters, diffusion-based schemes can be as effective as competitive techniques.

  9. Global pattern analysis and classification of dermoscopic images using textons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sadeghi, Maryam; Lee, Tim K.; McLean, David; Lui, Harvey; Atkins, M. Stella

    2012-02-01

    Detecting and classifying global dermoscopic patterns are crucial steps for detecting melanocytic lesions from non-melanocytic ones. An important stage of melanoma diagnosis uses pattern analysis methods such as 7-point check list, Menzies method etc. In this paper, we present a novel approach to investigate texture analysis and classification of 5 classes of global lesion patterns (reticular, globular, cobblestone, homogeneous, and parallel pattern) in dermoscopic images. Our statistical approach models the texture by the joint probability distribution of filter responses using a comprehensive set of the state of the art filter banks. This distribution is represented by the frequency histogram of filter response cluster centers called textons. We have also examined other two methods: Joint Distribution of Intensities (JDI) and Convolutional Restricted Boltzmann Machine (CRBM) to learn the pattern specific features to be used for textons. The classification performance is compared over the Leung and Malik filters (LM), Root Filter Set (RFS), Maximum Response Filters (MR8), Schmid, Laws and our proposed filter set as well as CRBM and JDI. We analyzed 375 images of the 5 classes of the patterns. Our experiments show that the joint distribution of color (JDC) in the L*a*b* color space outperforms the other color spaces with a correct classification rate of 86.8%.

  10. A Distance-Weighted Graph-Cut Method for the Segmentation of Laser Point Clouds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dutta, A.; Engels, J.; Hahn, M.

    2014-08-01

    Normalized Cut according to (Shi and Malik 2000) is a well-established divisive image segmentation method. Here we use Normalized Cut for the segmentation of laser point clouds in urban areas. In particular we propose an edge weight measure which takes local plane parameters, RGB values and eigenvalues of the covariance matrices of the local point distribution into account. Due to its target function, Normalized Cut favours cuts with "small cut lines/surfaces", which appears to be a drawback for our application. We therefore modify the target function, weighting the similarity measures with distant-depending weights. We call the induced minimization problem "Distance-weighted Cut" (DWCut). The new target function leads to a slightly more complicated generalized eigenvalue problem than in case of the Normalized Cut; on the other hand, the new target function is easier to interpret and avoids the just-mentioned drawback. DWCut can be beneficially combined with an aggregation in order to reduce the computational effort and to avoid shortcomings due to insufficient plane parameters. Finally we present examples for the successful application of the Distance-weighted Cut principle. The method was implemented as a plugin into the free and open source geographic information system SAGA; for preprocessing steps the proprietary SAGA-based LiDAR software LIS was applied.

  11. Image denoising via fundamental anisotropic diffusion and wavelet shrinkage: a comparative study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bayraktar, Bulent; Analoui, Mostafa

    2004-05-01

    Noise removal faces a challenge: Keeping the image details. Resolving the dilemma of two purposes (smoothing and keeping image features in tact) working inadvertently of each other was an almost impossible task until anisotropic dif-fusion (AD) was formally introduced by Perona and Malik (PM). AD favors intra-region smoothing over inter-region in piecewise smooth images. Many authors regularized the original PM algorithm to overcome its drawbacks. We compared the performance of denoising using such 'fundamental' AD algorithms and one of the most powerful multiresolution tools available today, namely, wavelet shrinkage. The AD algorithms here are called 'fundamental' in the sense that the regularized versions center around the original PM algorithm with minor changes to the logic. The algorithms are tested with different noise types and levels. On top of the visual inspection, two mathematical metrics are used for performance comparison: Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and universal image quality index (UIQI). We conclude that some of the regu-larized versions of PM algorithm (AD) perform comparably with wavelet shrinkage denoising. This saves a lot of compu-tational power. With this conclusion, we applied the better-performing fundamental AD algorithms to a new imaging modality: Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT).

  12. Adams v. State.

    PubMed

    1998-01-01

    The Supreme Court of Georgia, on 4 May 1998, held that a state statute permitting a crime victim who is significantly exposed to HIV request an HIV blood test on the person charged with the crime and arrested does not violate the Fourth Amendment right against unreasonable searches, nor does it violate privacy or equal protection rights. Malik Adams attacked and struggled with police officers during arrest. In the struggle, Adams's and an officer's hands, on which there were bleeding wounds, came in contact. Even though Adams did not have any outward AIDS symptoms, the State filed a motion to compel HIV testing. The Supreme Court of Georgia held that, because the statute compelling HIV testing serves the compelling state interest of preventing the public's exposure to HIV, the search, in this case the taking and sampling of blood, was reasonable. The statute also did not violate Adams's right to privacy or state or federal equal protection clauses. The judgment of the Superior court was affirmed.

  13. Adams v. State.

    PubMed

    1998-01-01

    Court Decision: 498 South Eastern Reporter, 2d Series 268; 1998 May 4 (date of decision). The Supreme Court of Georgia held that a state statute permitting a crime victim who is significantly exposed to HIV request an HIV blood test on the person charged with the crime and arrested does not violate the Fourth Amendment right against unreasonable searches, nor does it violate privacy or equal protection rights. Malik Adams attacked and struggled with police officers during arrest. In the struggle, Adams's and an officer's hands, on which there were bleeding wounds, came in contact. Even though Adams did not have any outward AIDS symptoms, the State filed a motion to compel HIV testing. The Supreme Court of Georgia held that, because the statute compelling HIV testing serves the compelling state interest of preventing the public's exposure to HIV, the search, in this case the taking and sampling of blood, was reasonable. The statute also did not violate Adams's right to privacy or state or federal equal protection clauses.

  14. Quantifying coastal erosion rates using anatomical change in exposed tree roots at Porquerolles Island (Var, France).

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morel, Pauline; Corona, Christophe; Lopez-Saez, Jérôme; Rovéra, Georges; Dewez, Thomas; Stoffel, Markus; Berger, Frédéric

    2017-04-01

    Rocky coasts are the most common type of ocean-land contacts and can be found in all types of morphogenetic environments. Most work on rocky environments focused on the impacts of modern sea level rise on cliff stability derived from sequential surveys, direct measurements or erosional features in anthropogenic structures. Studies mainly focused on rapid erosion so that little is known about erosion rates of the French Mediterranean coastal area. Using anatomical reactions in roots, has been successfully used in various environments in the past to quantify continuous denudation rates, mostly in relation with gullying processes (Vandekerckhove, 2001; Malik, 2008), aerial (or sheet) (Bodoque et al., 2005; Lopez Saez et al., 2011; Lucia et al., 2011), river bank (Malik, 2006; Hitz et al., 2008a; Stoffel et al., 2012), or lake shore (Fantucci, 2007) erosion, but never so far on coastal cliffs environment. This study aims at exploring the potential of dendrogeomorphic approach to quantify multidecadal changes in coastal environments on Porquerolles Island (Var, France). We sampled 56 discs from Pinus halepensis Mill. roots on former alluvial deposits eroded by present day sea level (escarpments of a few meter in height) and on sandy-gravelly cliffs. We were able to dates erosion pulses as well as changes in cliff geometry with annual resolution over 30-40 years showing an average erosion rate of 2.1 cm yr-1. Our results are consistent with those found in the study of Giuliano (2015) on Mediterranean coastal environment. This contribution therefore demonstrates that dendrogeomorphic analyses of roots clearly have significant potential and are a powerful tool for the quantification of multidecadal cliff retreats rates in areas where measurements of past erosion is lacking. References: Bodoque J, Díez-Herrero A, Martín-Duque J, Rubiales J, Godfrey A, Pedraza J, Carrasco R, Sanz M. 2005. Sheet erosion rates determined by using dendrogeomorphological analysis of exposed

  15. Nucleotide specificities of anterograde and retrograde organelle transport in Reticulomyxa are indistinguishable.

    PubMed

    Schliwa, M; Shimizu, T; Vale, R D; Euteneuer, U

    1991-03-01

    Membrane-bound organelles move bidirectionally along microtubules in the freshwater ameba, Reticulomyxa. We have examined the nucleotide requirements for transport in a lysed cell model and compared them with kinesin and dynein-driven motility in other systems. Both anterograde and retrograde transport in Reticulomyxa show features characteristic of dynein but not of kinesin-powered movements: organelle transport is reactivated only by ATP and no other nucleoside triphosphates; the Km and Vmax of the ATP-driven movements are similar to values obtained for dynein rather than kinesin-driven movement; and of 15 ATP analogues tested for their ability to promote organelle transport, only 4 of them did. This narrow specificity resembles that of dynein-mediated in vitro transport and is dissimilar to the broad specificity of the kinesin motor (Shimizu, T., K. Furusawa, S. Ohashi, Y. Y. Toyoshima, M. Okuno, F. Malik, and R. D. Vale. 1991. J. Cell Biol. 112: 1189-1197). Remarkably, anterograde and retrograde organelle transport cannot be distinguished at all with respect to nucleotide specificity, kinetics of movement, and the ability to use the ATP analogues. Since the "kinetic fingerprints" of the motors driving transport in opposite directions are indistinguishable, the same type of motor(s) may be involved in the two directions of movement.

  16. Quantitative evaluation of noise reduction and vesselness filters for liver vessel segmentation on abdominal CTA images.

    PubMed

    Luu, Ha Manh; Klink, Camiel; Moelker, Adriaan; Niessen, Wiro; van Walsum, Theo

    2015-05-21

    Liver vessel segmentation in CTA images is a challenging task, especially in the case of noisy images. This paper investigates whether pre-filtering improves liver vessel segmentation in 3D CTA images. We introduce a quantitative evaluation of several well-known filters based on a proposed liver vessel segmentation method on CTA images. We compare the effect of different diffusion techniques i.e. Regularized Perona-Malik, Hybrid Diffusion with Continuous Switch and Vessel Enhancing Diffusion as well as the vesselness approaches proposed by Sato, Frangi and Erdt. Liver vessel segmentation of the pre-processed images is performed using a histogram-based region grown with local maxima as seed points. Quantitative measurements (sensitivity, specificity and accuracy) are determined based on manual landmarks inside and outside the vessels, followed by T-tests for statistic comparisons on 51 clinical CTA images. The evaluation demonstrates that all the filters make liver vessel segmentation have a significantly higher accuracy than without using a filter (p  <  0.05); Hybrid Diffusion with Continuous Switch achieves the best performance. Compared to the diffusion filters, vesselness filters have a greater sensitivity but less specificity. In addition, the proposed liver vessel segmentation method with pre-filtering is shown to perform robustly on a clinical dataset having a low contrast-to-noise of up to 3 (dB). The results indicate that the pre-filtering step significantly improves liver vessel segmentation on 3D CTA images.

  17. A novel spatially adaptive guide-filter total variation (SAGFTV) regularization for image restoration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fang, Hao; Li, Qian; Huang, Zhenghua

    2015-12-01

    Denoising algorithms based on gradient dependent energy functionals, such as Perona-Malik, total variation and adaptive total variation denoising, modify images towards piecewise constant functions. Although edge sharpness and location is well preserved, important information, encoded in image features like textures or certain details, is often compromised in the process of denoising. In this paper, We propose a novel Spatially Adaptive Guide-Filtering Total Variation (SAGFTV) regularization with image restoration algorithm for denoising images. The guide-filter is extended to the variational formulations of imaging problem, and the spatially adaptive operator can easily distinguish flat areas from texture areas. Our simulating experiments show the improvement of peak signal noise ratio (PSNR), root mean square error (RMSE) and structure similarity increment measurement (SSIM) over other prior algorithms. The results of both simulating and practical experiments are more appealing visually. This type of processing can be used for a variety of tasks in PDE-based image processing and computer vision, and is stable and meaningful from a mathematical viewpoint.

  18. The staircasing effect in neighborhood filters and its solution.

    PubMed

    Buades, Antoni; Coll, Bartomeu; Morel, Jean-Michel

    2006-06-01

    Many classical image denoising methods are based on a local averaging of the color, which increases the signal/noise ratio. One of the most used algorithms is the neighborhood filter by Yaroslavsky or sigma filter by Lee, also called in a variant "SUSAN" by Smith and Brady or "Bilateral filter" by Tomasi and Manduchi. These filters replace the actual value of the color at a point by an average of all values of points which are simultaneously close in space and in color. Unfortunately, these filters show a "staircase effect," that is, the creation in the image of flat regions separated by artifact boundaries. In this paper, we first explain the staircase effect by finding the subjacent partial differntial equation (PDE) of the filter. We show that this ill-posed PDE is a variant of another famous image processing model, the Perona-Malik equation, which suffers the same artifacts. As we prove, a simple variant of the neighborhood filter solves the problem. We find the subjacent stable PDE of this variant. Finally, we apply the same correction to the recently introduced NL-means algorithm which had the same staircase effect, for the same reason.

  19. Image processing and registration in a point set representation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Yi; Tannenbaum, Allen

    2010-03-01

    An image, being a continuous function, is commonly discretely represented as a set of sample values, namely the intensities, associated with the spatial grids. After that, all types of the operations are then carried out there in. We denote such representation as the discrete function representation (DFR). In this paper we provide another discrete representation for images using the point sets, called the point set representation (PSR). Essentially, the image is normalized to have the unit integral and is treated as a probability density function of some random variable. Then the PSR is formed by drawing samples of such random variable. In contrast with the DFR, here the image is purely represented as points and no values are associated. Besides being an equivalent discrete representation for images, we show that certain image operations benefit from such representation in the numerical stability, performance, or both. Examples are given in the Perona-Malik type diffusion where in the PSR there is no such problem as the numerical instability. Furthermore, PSR naturally bridges the fields of image registration with the point set registration. This helps handle some otherwise difficult problems in image registration such as partial image registration, with much faster convergence speed.

  20. PDE-based nonlinear diffusion techniques for denoising scientific and industrial images: an empirical study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weeratunga, Sisira K.; Kamath, Chandrika

    2002-05-01

    Removing noise from data is often the first step in data analysis. Denoising techniques should not only reduce the noise, but do so without blurring or changing the location of the edges. Many approaches have been proposed to accomplish this; in this paper, we focus on one such approach, namely the use of non-linear diffusion operators. This approach has been studied extensively from a theoretical viewpoint ever since the 1987 work of Perona and Malik showed that non-linear filters outperformed the more traditional linear Canny edge detector. We complement this theoretical work by investigating the performance of several isotropic diffusion operators on test images from scientific domains. We explore the effects of various parameters such as the choice of diffusivity function, explicit and implicit methods for the discretization of the PDE, and approaches for the spatial discretization of the non-linear operator etc. We also compare these schemes with simple spatial filters and the more complex wavelet-based shrinkage techniques. Our empirical results show that, with an appropriate choice of parameters, diffusion-based schemes can be as effective as competitive techniques.

  1. Geometric nonlinear diffusion filter and its application to X-ray imaging.

    PubMed

    Michel-González, Eric; Cho, Min Hyoung; Lee, Soo Yeol

    2011-06-05

    Denoising with edge preservation is very important in digital x-ray imaging since it may allow us to reduce x-ray dose in human subjects without noticeable degradation of the image quality. In denoising filter design for x-ray imaging, edge preservation as well as noise reduction is of great concern not to lose detailed spatial information for accurate diagnosis. In addition to this, fast computation is also important since digital x-ray images are mostly comprised of large sized matrices. We have developed a new denoising filter based on the nonlinear diffusion filter model. Rather than employing four directional gradients around the pixel of interest, we use geometric parameters derived from the local pixel intensity distribution in calculating the diffusion coefficients in the horizontal and vertical directions. We have tested the filter performance, including edge preservation and noise reduction, using low dose digital radiography and micro-CT images. The proposed denoising filter shows performance similar to those of nonlinear anisotropic diffusion filters (ADFs), one Perona-Malik ADF and the other Weickert's ADF in terms of edge preservation and noise reduction. However, the computation time has been greatly reduced. We expect the proposed denoising filter can be greatly used for fast noise reduction particularly in low-dose x-ray imaging.

  2. New PDE-based methods for image enhancement using SOM and Bayesian inference in various discretization schemes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karras, D. A.; Mertzios, G. B.

    2009-10-01

    A novel approach is presented in this paper for improving anisotropic diffusion PDE models, based on the Perona-Malik equation. A solution is proposed from an engineering perspective to adaptively estimate the parameters of the regularizing function in this equation. The goal of such a new adaptive diffusion scheme is to better preserve edges when the anisotropic diffusion PDE models are applied to image enhancement tasks. The proposed adaptive parameter estimation in the anisotropic diffusion PDE model involves self-organizing maps and Bayesian inference to define edge probabilities accurately. The proposed modifications attempt to capture not only simple edges but also difficult textural edges and incorporate their probability in the anisotropic diffusion model. In the context of the application of PDE models to image processing such adaptive schemes are closely related to the discrete image representation problem and the investigation of more suitable discretization algorithms using constraints derived from image processing theory. The proposed adaptive anisotropic diffusion model illustrates these concepts when it is numerically approximated by various discretization schemes in a database of magnetic resonance images (MRI), where it is shown to be efficient in image filtering and restoration applications.

  3. Partial differential equations and fractal analysis to plant leaf identification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brandoli Machado, Bruno; Casanova, Dalcimar; Nunes Gonçalves, Wesley; Martinez Bruno, Odemir

    2013-02-01

    Texture is an important visual attribute used to plant leaf identification. Although there are many methods of texture analysis, some of them specifically for interpreting leaf images is still a challenging task because of the huge pattern variation found in nature. In this paper, we investigate the leaf texture modeling based on the partial differential equations and fractal dimension theory. Here, we are first interested in decomposing the original texture image into two components f = u + v, such that u represents a cartoon component, while v represents the oscillatory component. We demonstrate how this procedure enhance the texture component on images. Our modeling uses the non-linear partial differential equation (PDE) of Perona-Malik. Based on the enhanced texture component, we estimated the fractal dimension by the Bouligand-Minkowski method due to its precision in quantifying structural properties of images. The feature vectors are then used as inputs to our classification system, based on linear discriminant analysis. We validate our approach on a benchmark with 8000 leaf samples. Experimental results indicate that the proposed approach improves average classification rates in comparison with traditional methods. The results suggest that the proposed approach can be a feasible step for plant leaf identification, as well as different real-world applications.

  4. Locally homogenized and de-noised vector fields for cardiac fiber tracking in DT-MRI images

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akhbardeh, Alireza; Vadakkumpadan, Fijoy; Bayer, Jason; Trayanova, Natalia A.

    2009-02-01

    In this study we develop a methodology to accurately extract and visualize cardiac microstructure from experimental Diffusion Tensor (DT) data. First, a test model was constructed using an image-based model generation technique on Diffusion Tensor Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DT-MRI) data. These images were derived from a dataset having 122x122x500 um3 voxel resolution. De-noising and image enhancement was applied to this high-resolution dataset to clearly define anatomical boundaries within the images. The myocardial tissue was segmented from structural images using edge detection, region growing, and level set thresholding. The primary eigenvector of the diffusion tensor for each voxel, which represents the longitudinal direction of the fiber, was calculated to generate a vector field. Then an advanced locally regularizing nonlinear anisotropic filter, termed Perona-Malik (PEM), was used to regularize this vector field to eliminate imaging artifacts inherent to DT-MRI from volume averaging of the tissue with the surrounding medium. Finally, the vector field was streamlined to visualize fibers within the segmented myocardial tissue to compare the results with unfiltered data. With this technique, we were able to recover locally regularized (homogenized) fibers with a high accuracy by applying the PEM regularization technique, particularly on anatomical surfaces where imaging artifacts were most apparent. This approach not only aides in the visualization of noisy complex 3D vector fields obtained from DT-MRI, but also eliminates volume averaging artifacts to provide a realistic cardiac microstructure for use in electrophysiological modeling studies.

  5. Restoration of fluorescence images from two-photon microscopy using modified nonlinear anisotropic diffusion filter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Hongmin; Luo, Qingming; Zeng, Shaoqun

    2007-05-01

    Two-photon laser scanning fluorescence microscopy is becoming a powerful tool in study of neuron functional imaging in vivo for its inherent deeper penetration, less photo-damage. Now, with the two-photon fluorescence images of brain tissue, we can reconstruct three-dimensional neuronal morphologies easily. However, the images usually are obscured by a lot of noise, in particular in deep tissue with strong excitation laser power. Therefore, good image restoration technique that could remove the noise while preserve neuronal structure is crucial for the results of subsequent image segmentation and neuron reconstruction. Here, we propose a modified nonlinear anisotropic diffusion filter which incorporates both gradient and gray-level variance of raw data, to remove the noise, rather than merely considers gradient as the classical Perona-Malik nonlinear anisotropic diffusion model. Experimental results have shown that the proposed scheme can remove noisy speckles effectively while maintain the shape of neuronal morphologies in two-photon fluorescence images without conflict.

  6. A unified Bayesian framework for algorithms to recover blocky signals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Calvetti, Daniela; Somersalo, Erkki

    2007-09-01

    We consider the problem of recovering signals from noisy indirect observations under the additional a priori information that the signal is believed to be slowly varying except at an unknown number of points where it may have discontinuities of unknown size. The model problem is a linear deconvolution problem. To take advantage of the qualitative prior information available, we use a non-stationary Markov model with the variance of the innovation process also unknown, and apply Bayesian techniques to estimate both the signal and the prior variance. We propose a fast iterative method for computing a MAP estimates and we show that, with a rather standard choices of the hyperpriors, the algorithm produces the fixed point iterative solutions of the total variation and of the Perona-Malik regularization methods. We also demonstrate that, unlike the non-statistical estimation methods, the Bayesian approach leads to a very natural reliability assessment of edge detection by a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) based analysis of the posterior.

  7. A New Adaptive Diffusive Function for Magnetic Resonance Imaging Denoising Based on Pixel Similarity

    PubMed Central

    Heydari, Mostafa; Karami, Mohammad Reza

    2015-01-01

    Although there are many methods for image denoising, but partial differential equation (PDE) based denoising attracted much attention in the field of medical image processing such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The main advantage of PDE-based denoising approach is laid in its ability to smooth image in a nonlinear way, which effectively removes the noise, as well as preserving edge through anisotropic diffusion controlled by the diffusive function. This function was first introduced by Perona and Malik (P-M) in their model. They proposed two functions that are most frequently used in PDE-based methods. Since these functions consider only the gradient information of a diffused pixel, they cannot remove noise in noisy images with low signal-to-noise (SNR). In this paper we propose a modified diffusive function with fractional power that is based on pixel similarity to improve P-M model for low SNR. We also will show that our proposed function will stabilize the P-M method. As experimental results show, our proposed function that is modified version of P-M function effectively improves the SNR and preserves edges more than P-M functions in low SNR. PMID:26955563

  8. A scale-based forward-and-backward diffusion process for adaptive image enhancement and denoising

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Yi; Niu, Ruiqing; Zhang, Liangpei; Wu, Ke; Sahli, Hichem

    2011-12-01

    This work presents a scale-based forward-and-backward diffusion (SFABD) scheme. The main idea of this scheme is to perform local adaptive diffusion using local scale information. To this end, we propose a diffusivity function based on the Minimum Reliable Scale (MRS) of Elder and Zucker (IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 20(7), 699-716, 1998) to detect the details of local structures. The magnitude of the diffusion coefficient at each pixel is determined by taking into account the local property of the image through the scales. A scale-based variable weight is incorporated into the diffusivity function for balancing the forward and backward diffusion. Furthermore, as numerical scheme, we propose a modification of the Perona-Malik scheme (IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 12(7), 629-639, 1990) by incorporating edge orientations. The article describes the main principles of our method and illustrates image enhancement results on a set of standard images as well as simulated medical images, together with qualitative and quantitative comparisons with a variety of anisotropic diffusion schemes.

  9. A fast n-dimensional nonlinear filter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tremblais, Benoit; Augereau, Bertrand

    2004-05-01

    In this communication, we propose an original approach for the diffusion paradigm in image processing. Our starting point is the iterative resolution of partial differential equations (PDE) according to the explicit resolution scheme. We simply consider that this iterative process is nothing but a fixed point search. So we obtain a convergence condition which applies to a large set of image processing PDE. That allows to introduce a new smoothing process with strong abilities to preserve any structure of interest in the images. As an example we choose a linear isotropic diffusion for the denoising performances. Thus while resolving the equation of isotropic diffusion and by using an adaptive resolution parameter, we obtain a filtering process which can preserve arbitrary dimension object edges as one-dimensional signals, gray level images, color images, volumes, films, etc. We show the edge localization preserving property of the process. And we compare the complexity of the process with the Perona and Malik explicit scheme, and the Weickert AOS scheme. We establish that the computational effort of our scheme is lower than this of the two others. For illustration, we apply this new process to denoising of different kinds of medical images.

  10. Behavioral analysis of anisotropic diffusion in image processing.

    PubMed

    You, Y L; Xu, W; Tannenbaum, A; Kaveh, M

    1996-01-01

    In this paper, we analyze the behavior of the anisotropic diffusion model of Perona and Malik (1990). The main idea is to express the anisotropic diffusion equation as coming from a certain optimization problem, so its behavior can be analyzed based on the shape of the corresponding energy surface. We show that anisotropic diffusion is the steepest descent method for solving an energy minimization problem. It is demonstrated that an anisotropic diffusion is well posed when there exists a unique global minimum for the energy functional and that the ill posedness of a certain anisotropic diffusion is caused by the fact that its energy functional has an infinite number of global minima that are dense in the image space. We give a sufficient condition for an anisotropic diffusion to be well posed and a sufficient and necessary condition for it to be ill posed due to the dense global minima. The mechanism of smoothing and edge enhancement of anisotropic diffusion is illustrated through a particular orthogonal decomposition of the diffusion operator into two parts: one that diffuses tangentially to the edges and therefore acts as an anisotropic smoothing operator, and the other that flows normally to the edges and thus acts as an enhancement operator.

  11. A new heterogeneity scale to improve anisotropic diffusion based speckle filters in SAR images

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chatterjee, Rohit K.; Kar, Avijit

    2013-10-01

    The noise like quality characteristic of SAR images known as speckle become most critical impediment for automatic segmentation and classification of targets. For last few decades many adaptive speckle filters were proposed. Most of these classical filters are single stage i.e. repeated use of them causes blurring of image features (e.g. edges or textures) and generates artefacts. But iterative uses of filters are required for desired amount of smoothing. To retain structure in adaptive filtering, key component is precise estimation of scene heterogeneity. Failure of traditional filters to retain features upon iteration is due to failure to measure scene heterogeneity optimally. Perona and Malik proposed an Anisotropic Diffusion (AD) equation which iteratively diffuses gray values by preserving edges. Black et al developed a robust statistical interpretation of AD, and opened a broader context to choose between alternative diffusion functions. Depending on Black's work earlier we proposed a robust speckle reducing anisotropic diffusion (ROSRAD) filter and also a heterogeneity scale based on Otsu's thresholding algorithm. This scale is optimal but not robust. This paper is an extension to our work, here we propose a different heterogeneity scale which is robust and performs better for speckle noise distribution.

  12. A multi-scale non-linear vessel enhancement technique.

    PubMed

    Abdollahi, Behnaz; El-Baz, Ayman; Amini, Amir A

    2011-01-01

    We present an enhancement method based on nonlinear diffusion filter and statistical intensity approaches for smoothing and extracting 3-D vascular system from Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) data. Our method distinguishes and enhances the vessels from the other embedded tissues. The Expectation Maximization (EM) technique is employed with non-linear diffusion in order to find the optimal contrast for enhancing vessels; therefore, smoothing while dimming the embedded tissues around the vessels and brightening the vessels. The non-linear diffusion filter smooths the homogeneous regions while preserving edges. The EM technique finds the optimal statistical parameters based on the probability distribution of the classes to discriminate the tissues in the image. Our enhancement technique has been applied to 4 3-D MRA-TOF datasets consisting of around 300 images and has been compared to the regularized Perona and Malik filter. Our experimental results show that the proposed method enhances the image, keeping only the vessels while eliminating the signal from other tissues. In comparison, the conventional non-linear diffusion filter keeps unwanted tissues in addition to the vessels.

  13. Nonlinear diffusion filtering of the GOCE-based satellite-only MDT

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Čunderlík, Róbert; Mikula, Karol

    2015-04-01

    A combination of the GRACE/GOCE-based geoid models and mean sea surface models provided by satellite altimetry allows modelling of the satellite-only mean dynamic topography (MDT). Such MDT models are significantly affected by a stripping noise due to omission errors of the spherical harmonics approach. Appropriate filtering of this kind of noise is crucial in obtaining reliable results. In our study we use the nonlinear diffusion filtering based on a numerical solution to the nonlinear diffusion equation on closed surfaces (e.g. on a sphere, ellipsoid or the discretized Earth's surface), namely the regularized surface Perona-Malik model. A key idea is that the diffusivity coefficient depends on an edge detector. It allows effectively reduce the noise while preserve important gradients in filtered data. Numerical experiments present nonlinear filtering of the satellite-only MDT obtained as a combination of the DTU13 mean sea surface model and GO_CONS_GCF_2_DIR_R5 geopotential model. They emphasize an adaptive smoothing effect as a principal advantage of the nonlinear diffusion filtering. Consequently, the derived velocities of the ocean geostrophic surface currents contain stronger signal.

  14. Comparison of PDE based and other techniques for speckle reduction from digitally reconstructed holographic images

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Srivastava, Rajeev; Gupta, JRP; Parthasarthy, Harish

    2010-05-01

    In this paper, the partial differential equation (PDE) based homomorphic filtering technique is proposed for speckle reduction from digitally reconstructed holographic images based on the concepts of complex diffusion processes. For digital implementations, the proposed scheme was discretized using finite differences scheme. Further, the performance of the proposed PDE-based technique is compared with other speckle reduction techniques such as homomorphic anisotropic diffusion filter based on extended concept of Perona and Malik (1990) [2], homomorphic Weiner filter, Lee filter, Frost filter, Kuan filter, speckle reducing anisotropic diffusion (SRAD) filter and hybrid filter in the context of digital holography. For the comparison of various speckle reduction techniques, the performance is evaluated quantitatively in terms of all possible parameters that justify the applicability of a scheme for a specific application. The chosen parameters are mean-square-error (MSE), normalized mean-square-error (NMSE), peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR), speckle index, average signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), effective number of looks (ENL), correlation parameter (CP), mean structure similarity index map (MSSIM) and execution time in seconds. For experimentation and computer simulation MATLAB 7.0 has been used and the performance is evaluated and tested for various sample holographic images for varying amount of speckle variance. The results obtained justify the applicability of proposed schemes.

  15. A New Adaptive Diffusive Function for Magnetic Resonance Imaging Denoising Based on Pixel Similarity.

    PubMed

    Heydari, Mostafa; Karami, Mohammad Reza

    2015-01-01

    Although there are many methods for image denoising, but partial differential equation (PDE) based denoising attracted much attention in the field of medical image processing such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The main advantage of PDE-based denoising approach is laid in its ability to smooth image in a nonlinear way, which effectively removes the noise, as well as preserving edge through anisotropic diffusion controlled by the diffusive function. This function was first introduced by Perona and Malik (P-M) in their model. They proposed two functions that are most frequently used in PDE-based methods. Since these functions consider only the gradient information of a diffused pixel, they cannot remove noise in noisy images with low signal-to-noise (SNR). In this paper we propose a modified diffusive function with fractional power that is based on pixel similarity to improve P-M model for low SNR. We also will show that our proposed function will stabilize the P-M method. As experimental results show, our proposed function that is modified version of P-M function effectively improves the SNR and preserves edges more than P-M functions in low SNR.

  16. Nonlinear diffusion filtering methods locally adapted to data features

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kollár, Michal; Čunderlík, Róbert; Mikula, Karol

    2017-04-01

    The contribution deals with nonlinear diffusion filtering methods on a planar surface. These methods represent an extension of the simple linear diffusion filtering by the nonlinear diffusivity coefficient. This coefficient represents a function which depends on data features such as gradient and local or global extrema of data. In the case of the regularized surface Perona-Malik model, method mostly used in image processing, the diffusivity coefficient represents the edge detector function. If we use the nonlinear diffusion filtering influenced by the Laplace operator, local extrema detector function affects the diffusion process. We use a finite-volume method to approximate numerically the nonlinear parabolic partial differential equation on uniform rectangle grid and finite difference method to approximate gradients and Laplacians. Numerical experiments present nonlinear diffusion filtering of artificial data and real measurements in upcoming filtering software with real-time filtered data visualization widget. Real measurements represent GOCE satellite observations, satellite-only MDT data, and high-resolution altimetry-derived gravity data. They aim to point out the main advantage of the nonlinear diffusion models which, on the contrary to linear models, preserve important structures of processed data.

  17. Denoising DTI Images Based on Regularized Filter and Fiber Tracking

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Xiangfen; Ye, Hong; Chen, Wufan; Tian, Weifeng

    2007-07-01

    The Rician noise introduced into the diffusion weighted (DW) images can bring serious impacts on tensor calculation and fiber tracking. To decrease the effects of the Rician noise, many anisotropic diffusion denoising methods have been presented. Among all these methods, the P&M (Perona &Malik)filtering methods are most popular. Although efficient in alleviating the effects of the noise, the P&M filter has shortcomings such as instability and ill-posedness. In this paper, we analyzed the effects of the noise on the calculated tensors and tracked fibers and presented a regularized P&M filter to denoise the DW images. The presented filtering strategy is convolving the gradient used for calculating the diffusion coefficient with a non-Gaussian smoothing kernel. To evaluate the efficiency of the regularized filter in accounting for the Rician noise, the PSNR and SMSE metrics were used. The experiment results acquired from the synthetic and real data prove the better performance of the regularized filter.

  18. Hypermodels in the Bayesian imaging framework

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Calvetti, Daniela; Somersalo, Erkki

    2008-06-01

    We consider the problem of restoring an image from a noisy blurred copy of it with the additional qualitative information that the image contains sharp discontinuities whose sizes and locations are unknown. The flexibility of the Bayesian imaging framework is particularly convenient in the presence of such qualitative, rather than quantitative, information. By using a non-stationary Markov model with the variance of the innovation process also unknown, it is possible to take advantage of the qualitative prior information, and Bayesian techniques can be applied to estimate simultaneously the unknown and the prior variance. Here we present a unified approach to Bayesian signal processing and imaging, and show that with rather standard choices of hyperpriors we obtain some classical regularization methods, including the TV and the Perona-Malik regularization, as special cases. The application of Bayesian hyperprior models to imaging applications requires a careful organization of the computations to overcome the challenges coming from the large dimensionality. We explain how the computation of MAP estimates within the proposed Bayesian framework can be made very efficiently by a judicious use of Krylov iterative methods solutions and priorconditioners. The Bayesian approach, unlike deterministic estimation methods which produce a single solution image, provides a very natural way to assess the reliability of single image estimates by a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) based analysis of the posterior. Computed examples illustrate the different features and the computational properties of the Bayesian hypermodel approach to imaging.

  19. Noise reduction in computed tomography scans using 3-d anisotropic hybrid diffusion with continuous switch.

    PubMed

    Mendrik, Adriënne M; Vonken, Evert-Jan; Rutten, Annemarieke; Viergever, Max A; van Ginneken, Bram

    2009-10-01

    Noise filtering techniques that maintain image contrast while decreasing image noise have the potential to optimize the quality of computed tomography (CT) images acquired at reduced radiation dose. In this paper, a hybrid diffusion filter with continuous switch (HDCS) is introduced, which exploits the benefits of three-dimensional edge-enhancing diffusion (EED) and coherence-enhancing diffusion (CED). Noise is filtered, while edges, tubular structures, and small spherical structures are preserved. From ten high dose thorax CT scans, acquired at clinical doses, ultra low dose ( 15 mAs ) scans were simulated and used to evaluate and compare HDCS to other diffusion filters, such as regularized Perona-Malik diffusion and EED. Quantitative results show that the HDCS filter outperforms the other filters in restoring the high dose CT scan from the corresponding simulated low dose scan. A qualitative evaluation was performed on filtered real low dose CT thorax scans. An expert observer scored artifacts as well as fine structures and was asked to choose one of three scans (two filtered (blinded), one unfiltered) for three different settings (trachea, lung, and mediastinal). Overall, the HDCS filtered scan was chosen most often.

  20. Texture segregation on the basis of contrast polarity of odd-symmetric filters.

    PubMed

    Grieco, Alba; Casco, Clara; Roncato, Sergio

    2006-10-01

    This is the first study to demonstrate the selectivity of learning for contrast polarity. The finding is the main result of an investigation into the existence of central and peripheral vision mechanisms selective for contrast polarity within the texture-segregation process, using the perceptual learning paradigm in a detection task. Energy models (Malik & Perona, 1990) exclude segregation of textures composed of elements of odd-symmetric luminance profile by contrast polarity differences. Here the target was a Gabor patch (0.8 deg) of 1 cyc/deg in sine phase (odd-symmetry) embedded in a background of mirror-image elements. Our results showed that, in fovea, segregation on the basis of contrast polarity was above threshold from the first session. After learning, the target popped-out in both central and peripheral vision for durations over 10 ms. Our major result is that learning is selective for contrast polarity; it is also selective for orientation and position, all characteristics distinctive of early processing. Since the learning effects were obtained with texture composed of odd-symmetric mirror-image elements, they indicate that the output from odd-symmetric filters was not excluded or inhibited in texture segmentation, but instead played an active role. Our data support models of texture segmentation, in which detection of texture gradient is achieved on the basis of early cortical process, before the non-linear transformation of their output.

  1. A discrete model for an ill-posed nonlinear parabolic PDE

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Witelski, Thomas P.; Schaeffer, David G.; Shearer, Michael

    2001-12-01

    We study a finite-difference discretization of an ill-posed nonlinear parabolic partial differential equation. The PDE is the one-dimensional version of a simplified two-dimensional model for the formation of shear bands via anti-plane shear of a granular medium. For the discretized initial value problem, we derive analytically, and observed numerically, a two-stage evolution leading to a steady-state: (i) an initial growth of grid-scale instabilities, and (ii) coarsening dynamics. Elaborating the second phase, at any fixed time the solution has a piecewise linear profile with a finite number of shear bands. In this coarsening phase, one shear band after another collapses until a steady-state with just one jump discontinuity is achieved. The amplitude of this steady-state shear band is derived analytically, but due to the ill-posedness of the underlying problem, its position exhibits sensitive dependence. Analyzing data from the simulations, we observe that the number of shear bands at time t decays like t-1/3. From this scaling law, we show that the time-scale of the coarsening phase in the evolution of this model for granular media critically depends on the discreteness of the model. Our analysis also has implications to related ill-posed nonlinear PDEs for the one-dimensional Perona-Malik equation in image processing and to models for clustering instabilities in granular materials.

  2. Geometric nonlinear diffusion filter and its application to X-ray imaging

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Denoising with edge preservation is very important in digital x-ray imaging since it may allow us to reduce x-ray dose in human subjects without noticeable degradation of the image quality. In denoising filter design for x-ray imaging, edge preservation as well as noise reduction is of great concern not to lose detailed spatial information for accurate diagnosis. In addition to this, fast computation is also important since digital x-ray images are mostly comprised of large sized matrices. Methods We have developed a new denoising filter based on the nonlinear diffusion filter model. Rather than employing four directional gradients around the pixel of interest, we use geometric parameters derived from the local pixel intensity distribution in calculating the diffusion coefficients in the horizontal and vertical directions. We have tested the filter performance, including edge preservation and noise reduction, using low dose digital radiography and micro-CT images. Results The proposed denoising filter shows performance similar to those of nonlinear anisotropic diffusion filters (ADFs), one Perona-Malik ADF and the other Weickert's ADF in terms of edge preservation and noise reduction. However, the computation time has been greatly reduced. Conclusions We expect the proposed denoising filter can be greatly used for fast noise reduction particularly in low-dose x-ray imaging. PMID:21639933

  3. Analysis of adaptive forward-backward diffusion flows with applications in image processing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Surya Prasath, V. B.; Urbano, José Miguel; Vorotnikov, Dmitry

    2015-10-01

    The nonlinear diffusion model introduced by Perona and Malik (1990 IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 12 629-39) is well suited to preserve salient edges while restoring noisy images. This model overcomes well-known edge smearing effects of the heat equation by using a gradient dependent diffusion function. Despite providing better denoizing results, the analysis of the PM scheme is difficult due to the forward-backward nature of the diffusion flow. We study a related adaptive forward-backward diffusion equation which uses a mollified inverse gradient term engrafted in the diffusion term of a general nonlinear parabolic equation. We prove a series of existence, uniqueness and regularity results for viscosity, weak and dissipative solutions for such forward-backward diffusion flows. In particular, we introduce a novel functional framework for wellposedness of flows of total variation type. A set of synthetic and real image processing examples are used to illustrate the properties and advantages of the proposed adaptive forward-backward diffusion flows.

  4. Abnormal Image Detection in Endoscopy Videos Using a Filter Bank and Local Binary Patterns

    PubMed Central

    Nawarathna, Ruwan; Oh, JungHwan; Muthukudage, Jayantha; Tavanapong, Wallapak; Wong, Johnny; de Groen, Piet C.; Tang, Shou Jiang

    2014-01-01

    Finding mucosal abnormalities (e.g., erythema, blood, ulcer, erosion, and polyp) is one of the most essential tasks during endoscopy video review. Since these abnormalities typically appear in a small number of frames (around 5% of the total frame number), automated detection of frames with an abnormality can save physician’s time significantly. In this paper, we propose a new multi-texture analysis method that effectively discerns images showing mucosal abnormalities from the ones without any abnormality since most abnormalities in endoscopy images have textures that are clearly distinguishable from normal textures using an advanced image texture analysis method. The method uses a “texton histogram” of an image block as features. The histogram captures the distribution of different “textons” representing various textures in an endoscopy image. The textons are representative response vectors of an application of a combination of Leung and Malik (LM) filter bank (i.e., a set of image filters) and a set of Local Binary Patterns on the image. Our experimental results indicate that the proposed method achieves 92% recall and 91.8% specificity on wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) images and 91% recall and 90.8% specificity on colonoscopy images. PMID:25132723

  5. When texture takes precedence over motion in depth perception.

    PubMed

    O'Brien, J; Johnston, A

    2000-01-01

    Both texture and motion can be strong cues to depth, and estimating slant from texture cues can be considered analogous to calculating slant from motion parallax (Malik and Rosenholtz 1994, report UCB/CSD 93/775, University of California, Berkeley, CA). A series of experiments was conducted to determine the relative weight of texture and motion cues in the perception of planar-surface slant when both texture and motion convey similar information. Stimuli were monocularly viewed images of planar surfaces slanted in depth, defined by texture and motion information that could be varied independently. Slant discrimination biases and thresholds were measured by a method of single-stimuli binary-choice procedure. When the motion and texture cues depicted surfaces of identical slants, it was found that the depth-from-motion information neither reduced slant discrimination thresholds, nor altered slant discrimination bias, compared to texture cues presented alone. When there was a difference in the slant depicted by motion and by texture, perceived slant was determined almost entirely by the texture cue. The regularity of the texture pattern did not affect this weighting. Results are discussed in terms of models of cue combination and previous results with different types of texture and motion information.

  6. Production of A=16, 20 and 24 in alpha-induced fragmentation of ^28Si at 102.7 (cm) MeV

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sabra, Mohammad S.; Bary Malik, F.

    2004-10-01

    The emission probabilities of particles of mass numbers 16, 20 and 24 in 102.7 (cm) MeV alpha-induced fragmentation of ^28Si have been calculated using the statistical model of [1]. This model is distinct from the usual evaporation model in the sense that it takes into account the final state interaction between two emerging fragments. Calculated emission probabilities indicate that particles are emitted in all possible excited states commensurate with energy conservation law. The emission spectra as a function of excitation energy and the most probable kinetic energy associated with it will be presented. Calculated differential cross sections at 30^o for these masses are in agreement with the data of [2]. The final state interaction is obtained by a scaling procedure. The emission probabilities of different isotopes of these masses will also be presented. 1. B. Compani-Tabrizi and F. B. Malik, J. Phys. G: Nucl. Phys. 8, 1447 (1982). 2. L. W. Woo et al. Phys. Rev. C 47, 267 (1993).

  7. Evolution-Operator-Based Single-Step Method for Image Processing

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Peiru; Wei, G. W.; Wang, Ge

    2006-01-01

    This work proposes an evolution-operator-based single-time-step method for image and signal processing. The key component of the proposed method is a local spectral evolution kernel (LSEK) that analytically integrates a class of evolution partial differential equations (PDEs). From the point of view PDEs, the LSEK provides the analytical solution in a single time step, and is of spectral accuracy, free of instability constraint. From the point of image/signal processing, the LSEK gives rise to a family of lowpass filters. These filters contain controllable time delay and amplitude scaling. The new evolution operator-based method is constructed by pointwise adaptation of anisotropy to the coefficients of the LSEK. The Perona-Malik-type of anisotropic diffusion schemes is incorporated in the LSEK for image denoising. A forward-backward diffusion process is adopted to the LSEK for image deblurring or sharpening. A coupled PDE system is modified for image edge detection. The resulting image edge is utilized for image enhancement. Extensive computer experiments are carried out to demonstrate the performance of the proposed method. The major advantages of the proposed method are its single-step solution and readiness for multidimensional data analysis. PMID:23165051

  8. Fluctuation of similarity to detect transitions between distinct dynamical regimes in short time series.

    PubMed

    Malik, Nishant; Marwan, Norbert; Zou, Yong; Mucha, Peter J; Kurths, Jürgen

    2014-06-01

    A method to identify distinct dynamical regimes and transitions between those regimes in a short univariate time series was recently introduced [N. Malik et al., Europhys. Lett. 97, 40009 (2012)], employing the computation of fluctuations in a measure of nonlinear similarity based on local recurrence properties. In this work, we describe the details of the analytical relationships between this newly introduced measure and the well-known concepts of attractor dimensions and Lyapunov exponents. We show that the new measure has linear dependence on the effective dimension of the attractor and it measures the variations in the sum of the Lyapunov spectrum. To illustrate the practical usefulness of the method, we identify various types of dynamical transitions in different nonlinear models. We present testbed examples for the new method's robustness against noise and missing values in the time series. We also use this method to analyze time series of social dynamics, specifically an analysis of the US crime record time series from 1975 to 1993. Using this method, we find that dynamical complexity in robberies was influenced by the unemployment rate until the late 1980s. We have also observed a dynamical transition in homicide and robbery rates in the late 1980s and early 1990s, leading to increase in the dynamical complexity of these rates.

  9. Lie symmetry properties of nonlinear reaction-diffusion equations with gradient-dependent diffusivity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cherniha, Roman; King, John R.; Kovalenko, Sergii

    2016-07-01

    Complete descriptions of the Lie symmetries of a class of nonlinear reaction-diffusion equations with gradient-dependent diffusivity in one and two space dimensions are obtained. A surprisingly rich set of Lie symmetry algebras depending on the form of diffusivity and source (sink) in the equations is derived. It is established that there exists a subclass in 1-D space admitting an infinite-dimensional Lie algebra of invariance so that it is linearisable. A special power-law diffusivity with a fixed exponent, which leads to wider Lie invariance of the equations in question in 2-D space, is also derived. However, it is shown that the diffusion equation without a source term (which often arises in applications and is sometimes called the Perona-Malik equation) possesses no rich variety of Lie symmetries depending on the form of gradient-dependent diffusivity. The results of the Lie symmetry classification for the reduction to lower dimensionality, and a search for exact solutions of the nonlinear 2-D equation with power-law diffusivity, also are included.

  10. Fluctuation of similarity to detect transitions between distinct dynamical regimes in short time series

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malik, Nishant; Marwan, Norbert; Zou, Yong; Mucha, Peter J.; Kurths, Jürgen

    2014-06-01

    A method to identify distinct dynamical regimes and transitions between those regimes in a short univariate time series was recently introduced [N. Malik et al., Europhys. Lett. 97, 40009 (2012), 10.1209/0295-5075/97/40009], employing the computation of fluctuations in a measure of nonlinear similarity based on local recurrence properties. In this work, we describe the details of the analytical relationships between this newly introduced measure and the well-known concepts of attractor dimensions and Lyapunov exponents. We show that the new measure has linear dependence on the effective dimension of the attractor and it measures the variations in the sum of the Lyapunov spectrum. To illustrate the practical usefulness of the method, we identify various types of dynamical transitions in different nonlinear models. We present testbed examples for the new method's robustness against noise and missing values in the time series. We also use this method to analyze time series of social dynamics, specifically an analysis of the US crime record time series from 1975 to 1993. Using this method, we find that dynamical complexity in robberies was influenced by the unemployment rate until the late 1980s. We have also observed a dynamical transition in homicide and robbery rates in the late 1980s and early 1990s, leading to increase in the dynamical complexity of these rates.

  11. Cluster emissions with ? daughter from neutron-rich nuclei

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Satish; Batra, J. S.; Gupta, Raj K.

    1996-02-01

    Cluster emissions from neutron-rich 0954-3899/22/2/006/img2, and 0954-3899/22/2/006/img3 nuclei are studied within the preformed cluster model of Malik and Gupta. Q-value estimates of the decays selected on the basis of shell effects in binding energies and their relative preformation probabilities show that these nuclei are stable (Q<0) against 0954-3899/22/2/006/img4 and 0954-3899/22/2/006/img5 decays and all the metastable (Q>0) decays are of non-alpha-like heavy clusters. The most probable decays (minimum half-life times) are the ones with a doubly magic 0954-3899/22/2/006/img6 nucleus as the daughter nucleus, arising due to the WKB penetrability. Compared to the presently measurable alpha-like cluster decays of the corresponding neutron-deficient parents into a 0954-3899/22/2/006/img7 daughter nucleus, these decays are suppressed by many orders of magnitude.

  12. Evolution-operator-based single-step method for image processing.

    PubMed

    Sun, Yuhui; Wu, Peiru; Wei, G W; Wang, Ge

    2006-01-01

    This work proposes an evolution-operator-based single-time-step method for image and signal processing. The key component of the proposed method is a local spectral evolution kernel (LSEK) that analytically integrates a class of evolution partial differential equations (PDEs). From the point of view PDEs, the LSEK provides the analytical solution in a single time step, and is of spectral accuracy, free of instability constraint. From the point of image/signal processing, the LSEK gives rise to a family of lowpass filters. These filters contain controllable time delay and amplitude scaling. The new evolution operator-based method is constructed by pointwise adaptation of anisotropy to the coefficients of the LSEK. The Perona-Malik-type of anisotropic diffusion schemes is incorporated in the LSEK for image denoising. A forward-backward diffusion process is adopted to the LSEK for image deblurring or sharpening. A coupled PDE system is modified for image edge detection. The resulting image edge is utilized for image enhancement. Extensive computer experiments are carried out to demonstrate the performance of the proposed method. The major advantages of the proposed method are its single-step solution and readiness for multidimensional data analysis.

  13. Nucleotide specificities of anterograde and retrograde organelle transport in Reticulomyxa are indistinguishable

    PubMed Central

    1991-01-01

    Membrane-bound organelles move bidirectionally along microtubules in the freshwater ameba, Reticulomyxa. We have examined the nucleotide requirements for transport in a lysed cell model and compared them with kinesin and dynein-driven motility in other systems. Both anterograde and retrograde transport in Reticulomyxa show features characteristic of dynein but not of kinesin-powered movements: organelle transport is reactivated only by ATP and no other nucleoside triphosphates; the Km and Vmax of the ATP-driven movements are similar to values obtained for dynein rather than kinesin-driven movement; and of 15 ATP analogues tested for their ability to promote organelle transport, only 4 of them did. This narrow specificity resembles that of dynein-mediated in vitro transport and is dissimilar to the broad specificity of the kinesin motor (Shimizu, T., K. Furusawa, S. Ohashi, Y. Y. Toyoshima, M. Okuno, F. Malik, and R. D. Vale. 1991. J. Cell Biol. 112: 1189-1197). Remarkably, anterograde and retrograde organelle transport cannot be distinguished at all with respect to nucleotide specificity, kinetics of movement, and the ability to use the ATP analogues. Since the "kinetic fingerprints" of the motors driving transport in opposite directions are indistinguishable, the same type of motor(s) may be involved in the two directions of movement. PMID:1825662

  14. Making the deal real: how GE Capital integrates acquisitions.

    PubMed

    Ashkenas, R N; DeMonaco, L J; Francis, S C

    1998-01-01

    Most companies view acquisitions and mergers as onetime events managed with heroic effort--anxiety-producing experiences that often result in lost jobs, restructured responsibilities, derailed careers, and diminished power. Little wonder, then, that most managers think about how to get them over with--not how to do them better. But even as the number of mergers and acquisitions rises in the United States, studies show the performance of the resulting companies falls below industry averages more often than not. To improve these statistics, executives need to view acquisition integration as a manageable process, not a unique event. One company that has done exactly that is GE Capital Services, which has assimilated more than 100 acquisitions in the past five years alone and, in the process, has developed a formal model for melding new acquisitions into the corporate fold. Drawing on their experiences working with the company to develop the model, consultants Ron Ashkenas and Suzanne Francis, together with GE Capital's Lawrence DeMonaco, offer four lessons from the company's successful run. First, begin the integration process before the deal is signed. Second, dedicate a full-time individual to managing the integration process. Third, implement any necessary restructuring sooner rather than later. And fourth, integrate not only the business operations but also the corporate cultures. These guidelines won't erase all of the discomfort that accompanies many mergers, but they can make the process more transparent and predictable for those involved.

  15. KSC-2009-3290

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-05-27

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Center Director of NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, Bob Cabana addresses guests at the groundbreaking ceremony for the joint NASA and Florida Power & Light, or FPL, solar power project at Kennedy. Others on the stage are (from left) Ed Smeloff with SunPower Corporation, Florida Rep. Suzanne Kosmas, Sen. Bill Nelson, Armando Olivera, president and CEO of FPL, Florida Rep. Bill Posey, Eric Draper, deputy director of Audubon of Florida, and Pam Rauch, vice president of External Affairs for FPL. FPL, Florida's largest electric utility, will build and maintain two solar photovoltaic power generation systems at Kennedy. One will produce an estimated 10 megawatts of emissions-free power for FPL customers, which is enough energy to serve roughly 1,100 homes. The second is a one-megawatt solar power facility that will provide renewable energy directly to Kennedy. The FPL facilities at NASA will help provide Florida residents and America's space program with new sources of clean energy that will cut reliance on fossil fuels and improve the environment by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The one megawatt facility also will help NASA meet its goal for use of power generated from renewable energy. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett

  16. KSC-2009-3289

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-05-27

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Armando Olivera, president and CEO of Florida Power & Light, or FPL, speaks to guests at the groundbreaking ceremony for the joint NASA and FPL solar power project at NASA's Kennedy Space Center. Others on the stage are, from left, Ed Smeloff with SunPower Corporation, Florida Rep. Suzanne Kosmas, Sen. Bill Nelson, Center Director Bob Cabana, Florida Rep. Bill Posey, Eric Draper, deputy director of Audubon of Florida, and Pam Rauch, vice president of External Affairs for FPL. FPL, Florida's largest electric utility, will build and maintain two solar photovoltaic power generation systems at Kennedy. One will produce an estimated 10 megawatts of emissions-free power for FPL customers, which is enough energy to serve roughly 1,100 homes. The second is a one-megawatt solar power facility that will provide renewable energy directly to Kennedy. The FPL facilities at NASA will help provide Florida residents and America's space program with new sources of clean energy that will cut reliance on fossil fuels and improve the environment by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The one megawatt facility also will help NASA meet its goal for use of power generated from renewable energy. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett

  17. KSC-2009-3288

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-05-27

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Pam Rauch, vice president of External Affairs for Florida Power & Light, or FPL, speaks to guests at the groundbreaking ceremony for the joint NASA and FPL solar power project at NASA's Kennedy Space Center. Others on the stage are Ed Smeloff with SunPower Corporation, Florida Rep. Suzanne Kosmas, Sen. Bill Nelson, Center Director Bob Cabana, Armando Olivera, president and CEO of FPL, Florida Rep. Bill Posey and Eric Draper, deputy director of Audubon of Florida. FPL, Florida's largest electric utility, will build and maintain two solar photovoltaic power generation systems at Kennedy. One will produce an estimated 10 megawatts of emissions-free power for FPL customers, which is enough energy to serve roughly 1,100 homes. The second is a one-megawatt solar power facility that will provide renewable energy directly to Kennedy. The FPL facilities at NASA will help provide Florida residents and America's space program with new sources of clean energy that will cut reliance on fossil fuels and improve the environment by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The one megawatt facility also will help NASA meet its goal for use of power generated from renewable energy. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett

  18. KSC-2009-3291

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-05-27

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – Gathering on stage for the groundbreaking ceremony for the joint NASA and Florida Power & Light, or FPL, solar power project at NASA's Kennedy Space Center are Florida Rep. Bill Posey, Eric Draper, deputy director of Audubon of Florida, Sen. Bill Nelson, Florida Rep. Suzanne Kosmas, Armando Olivera, president and CEO of FPL, Center Director Bob Cabana and Pam Rauch, vice president of External Affairs for FPL. FPL, Florida's largest electric utility, will build and maintain two solar photovoltaic power generation systems at Kennedy. One will produce an estimated 10 megawatts of emissions-free power for FPL customers, which is enough energy to serve roughly 1,100 homes. The second is a one-megawatt solar power facility that will provide renewable energy directly to Kennedy. The FPL facilities at NASA will help provide Florida residents and America's space program with new sources of clean energy that will cut reliance on fossil fuels and improve the environment by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The one megawatt facility also will help NASA meet its goal for use of power generated from renewable energy. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett

  19. KSC-2014-2072

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2014-04-13

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Members of the winning Astronaut Resource Managing System and SpaceWear teams in the International Space Apps Challenge pose for a group portrait with the NASA volunteers, judges and event organizers. From left are Alejandro Velasco, NASA's Justin Treptow, Sam Neblett, Roberto Ricci, James Brucato, NASA's Suzanne Plantec, Keith Hargett, NASA's Cynthia Duffaut, NASA's Launa Maier, event organizer James Wood, event organizer lead Caley Burke, NASA's Lisa Singleton, event organizer David Miranda, NASA Ground Systems Development and Operation Program Manager Michael Bolger and NASA intern Brandi Burse. Kennedy Space Center hosted one of the over 90 locations around the world where participants congregated for the attempt to design innovative solutions for global challenges over a 48-hour period. This year's development marathon focused on five NASA mission areas: Asteroids, Earth Watch, Human Spaceflight, Robotics, and Technology in Space. Three of this year’s challenges were developed by KSC employees: Space Wearables: Fashion Designer to Astronauts, Growing Food for a Martian Table, and Asteroid Prospector. The winners selected in 2014 at Kennedy were Astronaut Resource Managing System, or ARMS, for Best Use of Data and SpaceWear for Best Use of Hardware. ARMS also took the People's Choice Award. For more information, visit https://2014.spaceappschallenge.org. Photo credit: NASA/Daniel Casper

  20. [The Golden book of the French plastic surgery].

    PubMed

    Glicenstein, J

    2010-10-01

    Susruta, Tagliacozzi and Dieffenbach are considered to be the first plastic surgeons. Many French surgeons deserve to figure in the "Golden Book" of the specialty. From Pierre Franco to Paul Tessier, many famous or sometimes unknown surgeons introduced important innovations. In the XVIth century, Pierre Franco realized the first autoplasty of the face as well as the first suture of a cleft lift. This was modified by Mirault, three centuries later. Delpech created at Montpellier a real "school" dedicated to plastic surgery where there was an attempt to oppose a French technique to the success of surgeons from Berlin. Roux was the first (or the second according to Von Graefe) to succeed a cleft palate closure. The first Z plasty was performed by Denonvilliers and Morestin devoted many works to plastic surgery insisting on scar discretion. After World War II, the main cosmetic procedures were described and performed by French surgeons: Bourguet, Passot, Dartigues… Suzanne Noel was the first female plastic surgeon and the first to perform outpatient operations. After the creation of the French Society of Plastic surgery, Paul Tessier conceived the craniofacial surgery. An important step in cosmetic surgery was liposuction described by Y.G. Illouz. More recently, French teams performed the first allotransplantation of the face and of the upper limbs.

  1. Probing and manipulating magnetization at the nanoscale

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Samarth, Nitin

    2012-02-01

    Combining semiconductors with magnetism in hetero- and nano-structured geometries provides a powerful means of exploring the interplay between spin-dependent transport and nanoscale magnetism. We describe two recent studies in this context. First, we use spin-dependent transport in ferromagnetic semiconductor thin films to provide a new window into nanoscale magnetism [1]: here, we exploit the large anomalous Hall effect in a ferromagnetic semiconductor as a nanoscale probe of the reversible elastic behavior of magnetic domain walls and gain insight into regimes of domain wall behavior inaccessible to more conventional optical techniques. Next, we describe novel ways to create self-assembled hybrid semiconductor/ferromagnet core-shell nanowires [2] and show how magnetoresistance measurements in single nanowires, coupled with micromagnetic simulations, can provide detailed insights into the magnetization reversal process in nanoscale ferromagnets [3]. The work described here was carried out in collaboration with Andrew Balk, Jing Liang, Nicholas Dellas, Mark Nowakowski, David Rench, Mark Wilson, Roman Engel-Herbert, Suzanne Mohney, Peter Schiffer and David Awschalom. This work is supported by ONR, NSF and the NSF-MRSEC program.[4pt] [1] A. L. Balk et al., Phys. Rev.Lett. 107, 077205 (2011).[0pt] [2] N. J. Dellas et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 072505 (2010).[0pt] [3] J. Liang et al., in preparation.

  2. Mars Observer Lecture: Mars Orbit Insertion

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dodd, Suzanne R. (Personal Name)

    1993-01-01

    The Mars Observer mission spacecraft was primarily designed for exploring Mars and the Martian environment. The Mars Observer was launched on September 25, 1992. The spacecraft was lost in the vicinity of Mars on August 21, 1993 when the spacecraft began its maneuvering sequence for Martian orbital insertion. This videotape shows a lecture by Suzanne R. Dodd, the Mission Planning Team Chief for the Mars Observer Project. Ms Dodd begins with a brief overview of the mission and the timeline from the launch to orbital insertion. Ms Dodd then reviews slides showing the trajectory of the spacecraft on its trip to Mars. Slides of the spacecraft being constructed are also shown. She then discusses the Mars orbit insertion and the events that will occur to move the spacecraft from the capture orbit into a mapping orbit. During the trip to Mars, scientists at JPL had devised a new strategy, called Power In that would allow for an earlier insertion into the mapping orbit. The talk summarizes this strategy, showing on a slide the planned transition orbits. There are shots of the Martian moon, Phobos, taken from the Viking spacecraft, as Ms Dodd explains that the trajectory will allow the orbiter to make new observations of that moon. She also explains the required steps to prepare for mapping after the spacecraft has achieved the mapping orbit around Mars. The lecture ends with a picture of Mars from the Observer on its approach to the planet.

  3. Integrated research training program of excellence in radiochemistry

    SciTech Connect

    Lapi, Suzanne

    2015-09-18

    The overall goal of this “Integrated Research Training Program of Excellence in Radiochemistry” is to provide a rich and deep research experience in state-of-the-art radiochemistry and in the fundamentals of radioisotopic labeling and tracer methodology to develop researchers who are capable of meeting the challenges of designing and preparing radiotracers of broad applicability for monitoring and imaging diverse biological systems and environmental processes. This program was based in the Departments of Radiology and Radiation Oncology at Washington University Medical School and the Department of Chemistry at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, and it was initially directed by Professor Michael J. Welch as Principal Investigator. After his passing in 2012, the program was led by Professor Suzanne E. Lapi. Programmatic content and participant progress was overseen by an Internal Advisory Committee of senior investigators consisting of the PIs, Professor Mach from the Department of Radiology at Washington University and Professor John A. Katzenellenbogen of the Department of Chemistry at the University of Illinois. A small External Advisory Committee to give overall program guidance was also constituted of experts in radiolabeled compounds and in their applications in environmental and plant science.

  4. Predictive value of automated oxygen saturation analysis for the diagnosis and treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea in a home‐based setting

    PubMed Central

    Jobin, V; Mayer, P; Bellemare, F

    2007-01-01

    Background A portable monitor for the automated analysis of episodic nocturnal oxygen saturation or Spo2 (the Remmers Sleep Recorder, RSR) has been proposed for the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnoea‐hypopnoea (OSAH). A study was undertaken to compare the diagnostic performance of automated analysis with the manual scoring of polygraphic data by a more comprehensive respiratory monitor (the Suzanne recorder) used simultaneously in their intended home environment. Methods The respiratory disturbance indexes of the two monitors were compared in 94 consecutive adult patients suspected of having OSAH and who were deemed eligible for home‐based investigation. Results The RSR overestimated the number of respiratory events associated with a ⩾4% fall in Spo2 by 13% (p<0.005) but underestimated the number of apnoeas and hypopnoeas defined on the basis of respiratory variables alone or their association with a ⩾4% fall in Spo2 or autonomic arousals by 38–48% (p<0.0001). In addition to these significant biases, the limits of agreement in all instances were wide, indicating a poor concurrence between the two monitors. Conclusion The automated analysis of Spo2 with the RSR cannot be substituted for the manual scoring of polygraphic data with the more comprehensive respiratory monitor in the diagnosis of OSAH in an ambulatory home‐based setting. PMID:17251319

  5. UPR/Mayaguez High Energy Physics

    SciTech Connect

    Mendez, Hector

    2014-10-31

    Puerto Rico-Rio Piedras (Carlos Malca). The students H. Moreno and C. Malca has been directly supervised by Dr. Mendez and S. Santiesteban supervised by Dr. Ramirez. During the last 13 years, our group have graduated 23 MS students on experimental High Energy Physics data analysis and applied hardware techniques. Most of the students have been supported by DOE grants, included this grant. Since 2001, Dr. Mendez have directly supervised eleven students, Dr. Ramirez three students and the former PI (Dr. Lopez) nine students. These theses work are fully documented in the group web page (http://charma.uprm.edu). The High Energy Physics group at Mayaguez is small and presently consists of three Physics faculty members, the Senior Investigators Dr. Hector Mendez (Professor) and Dr. Juan Eduardo Ramirez (Professor), and Dr. Sudhir Malik who was just hired in July 2014. Dr. Ramirez is in charge of the UPRM Tier-3 computing and will be building the network bandwidth infrastructure for the campus, while Dr. Mendez will continues his effort in finishing the heavy quark physics data analysis and moving to work on SUSY analysis for the 2015 data. Our last grant application in 2012 was awarded only for 2013-2014. As a result our postdoc position was lost last month of March. Since then, we have hired Dr. Malik as a new faculty in order to reinforce the group and to continue our efforts with the CMS experiment. Our plan is to hire another junior faculty in the next two years to strengthen the HEP group even further. Dr. Mendez continues with QuarkNet activities involving an ever larger group of high school physics teachers from all around Puerto Rico.

  6. Sediment Spews from Connecticut River

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-09-27

    NASA image acquired September 2, 2011 To download the full high res go to: earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=52059 Nearly a week after Hurricane Irene drenched New England with rainfall in late August 2011, the Connecticut River was spewing muddy sediment into Long Island Sound and wrecking the region's farmland just before harvest. The Thematic Mapper on the Landsat 5 satellite acquired this true-color satellite image on September 2, 2011. With its headwaters near the Canadian border, the Connecticut River drains nearly 11,000 square miles (28,500 square kilometers) and receives water from at least 33 tributaries in Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Connecticut. The 410-mile river—New England's longest—enters Long Island Sound near Old Lyme, Connecticut, and is estimated to provide 70 percent of the fresh water entering the Sound. When Irene blew through the region on August 27-28, substantial portions of the Connecticut River watershed received more than 6 to 8 inches (15-20 centimeters) of rainfall, and several locations received more than 10 inches (25 centimeters). Whole towns were cut off from overland transportation—particularly upstream in Vermont, which suffered its worst flooding in 80 years. Thousands of people saw their homes flooded, if not washed off their foundations, at a time of year when rivers are usually at their lowest. Preliminary estimates of river flow at Thompsonville, Connecticut, (not shown in this image) reached 128,000 cubic feet per second (cfs) on August 30, nearly 64 times the usual flow (2,000 cfs) for early fall and the highest flow rate since May 1984. At the mouth of the river—where flow is tidal, and therefore not gauged—the peak water height reached 6.9 feet (2.1 meters) above sea level, almost a foot higher than at any time in the past 10 years. According to Suzanne O'Connell, an environmental scientist working along the Connecticut River at Wesleyan University, the torrent of water coursing through

  7. Shape representation by a network of V4-like cells.

    PubMed

    Murphy, Thomas M; Finkel, Leif H

    2007-10-01

    Cells in extrastriate visual cortex have been reported to be selective for various configurations of local contour shape [Pasupathy, A., & Connor, C. E. (2001). Shape representation in area V4: Position-specific tuning for boundary conformation. The Journal of Neurophysiology, 86 (5), 2505-2519; Hegdé, J., & Van Essen, D. C. (2003). Strategies of shape representation in macaque visual area V2. Visual Neuroscience, 20 (3), 313-328]. Specifically, Pasupathy and Connor found that in area V4 most cells are strongly responsive to a particular local contour conformation located at a specific position on the object's boundary. We used a population of "V4-like cells"-units sensitive to multiple shape features modeled after V4 cell behavior-to generate representations of different shapes. Standard classification algorithms (earth mover's distance, support vector machines) applied to this population representation demonstrate high recognition accuracies classifying handwritten digits in the MNIST database and objects in the MPEG-7 Shape Silhouette database. We compare the performance of the V4-like unit representation to the "shape context" representation of Belongie et al. [Belongie, S., Malik, J., & Puzicha, J. (2002). Shape matching and object recognition using shape contexts. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 24 (24), 509-522]. Results show roughly comparable recognition accuracies using the two representations when tested on portions of the MNIST database. We analyze the relative contributions of various V4-like feature sensitivities to recognition accuracy and robustness to noise - feature sensitivities include curvature magnitude, direction of curvature, global orientation of the contour segment, distance of the contour segment from object center, and modulatory effect of adjacent contour regions. Among these, local curvature appears to be the most informative variable for shape recognition. Our results support the hypothesis that V4

  8. ERK1/2 activation in human taste bud cells regulates fatty acid signaling and gustatory perception of fat in mice and humans.

    PubMed

    Subramaniam, Selvakumar; Ozdener, Mehmet Hakan; Abdoul-Azize, Souleymane; Saito, Katsuyoshi; Malik, Bilal; Maquart, Guillaume; Hashimoto, Toshihiro; Marambaud, Philippe; Aribi, Mourad; Tordoff, Michael G; Besnard, Philippe; Khan, Naim Akhtar

    2016-10-01

    Obesity is a major public health problem. An in-depth knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of oro-sensory detection of dietary lipids may help fight it. Humans and rodents can detect fatty acids via lipido-receptors, such as CD36 and GPR120. We studied the implication of the MAPK pathways, in particular, ERK1/2, in the gustatory detection of fatty acids. Linoleic acid, a dietary fatty acid, induced via CD36 the phosphorylation of MEK1/2-ERK1/2-ETS-like transcription factor-1 cascade, which requires Fyn-Src kinase and lipid rafts in human taste bud cells (TBCs). ERK1/2 cascade was activated by Ca(2+) signaling via opening of the calcium-homeostasis modulator-1 (CALHM1) channel. Furthermore, fatty acid-evoked Ca(2+) signaling and ERK1/2 phosphorylation were decreased in both human TBCs after small interfering RNA knockdown of CALHM1 channel and in TBCs from Calhm1(-/-) mice. Targeted knockdown of ERK1/2 by small interfering RNA or PD0325901 (MEK1/2 inhibitor) in the tongue and genetic ablation of Erk1 or Calhm1 genes impaired preference for dietary fat in mice. Lingual inhibition of ERK1/2 in healthy volunteers also decreased orogustatory sensitivity for linoleic acid. Our data demonstrate that ERK1/2-MAPK cascade is regulated by the opening of CALHM1 Ca(2+) channel in TBCs to modulate orogustatory detection of dietary lipids in mice and humans.-Subramaniam, S., Ozdener, M. H., Abdoul-Azize, S., Saito, K., Malik, B., Maquart, G., Hashimoto, T., Marambaud, P., Aribi, M., Tordoff, M. G., Besnard, P., Khan, N. A. ERK1/2 activation in human taste bud cells regulates fatty acid signaling and gustatory perception of fat in mice and humans. © FASEB.

  9. Comparison of the motile and enzymatic properties of two microtubule minus-end-directed motors, ncd and cytoplasmic dynein.

    PubMed

    Shimizu, T; Toyoshima, Y Y; Edamatsu, M; Vale, R D

    1995-02-07

    Cytoplasmic dynein and ncd, a kinesin-related protein from Drosophila, are motor proteins that move toward the minus ends of microtubules, while kinesin moves to the microtubule plus end. In previous work, we examined the nucleotide dependence of motility and enzymatic activity by kinesin [Shimizu, T., Furusawa, K., Ohashi, S., Toyoshima, Y. Y., Okuno, M., Malik, F., & Vale, R. D., (1991) J. Cell Biol. 112, 1189-1197]. In this study, we examined these activities of the cytoplasmic dynein from bovine brain and ncd in order to explore what enzymatic features might be shared by these two minus-end-directed motors. Both ncd and cytoplasmic dynein demonstrated an activation of ATPase activity upon the addition of microtubules (30-fold and 6-fold, respectively). A significant difference between ncd and cytoplasmic dynein was their relative sensitivity to vanadate and to aluminum fluoride. In contrast to cytoplasmic dynein, ncd polypeptide was not cleaved by UV-vanadate treatment, and its ATPase and motility were unaffected by vanadate (up to 0.1 mM). When the nucleotide requirement for movement as examined using a battery of 20 nucleotides and nucleotide analogues, cytoplasmic dynein was found to exhibit a specificity very similar to that of axonemal dyneins from Tetrahymena. Surprisingly, however, the nucleotide specificities of in vitro motility produced by ncd or its construct, GST/MC1 (a fusion protein of glutathione S-transferase and 210-700 of the predicted ncd amino acid sequence), were quite distinct from that of kinesin. Thus, the nucleotide specificity profiles of members of the kinesin motor superfamily do not appear to be identical.

  10. Stratigraphic evidence for earthquakes and tsunamis on the west coast of South Andaman Island, India during the past 1000 years

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malik, Javed N.; Banerjee, Chiranjib; Khan, Afzal; Johnson, Frango C.; Shishikura, Masanobu.; Satake, Kenji.; Singhvi, Ashok K.

    2015-10-01

    Stratigraphic records from west coast of South Andaman Island revealed evidence of three historical earthquakes and associated transoceanic tsunamis during past 1000 yrs, in addition to the Mw 9.3 tsunamigenic earthquake of 26 December, 2004. Our finding suggests that along with Sumatran arc segment the Andaman-Arakan segment is also capable of generating mega-subduction zone earthquakes and transoceanic tsunamis. To study the near sub-surface stratigraphic succession we excavated shallow trenches and obtained geoslices from two sites around Collinpur (sites 1 and 2). The exposed succession comprised 11 lithounits (Unit a - youngest and k - oldest) of alternating sequence of coarser units overlain by peaty soils and some of these are indicative of deposition during paleo-tsunami events. Event I that predated AD 800, and is marked by a 35-40 cm thick deposit of fine gravel to coarse sands along with broken shell fragments (Unit k). Event II dated around AD 660-800, is represented by 20-25 cm thick coarse sand and broken shell fragments (Unit i). Based on stratigraphic evidences of land-level changes, this event is attributed to a near source rupture along Andaman-Arakan segment, accompanied by a transoceanic tsunami. Event III, occurred around AD 1120-1300, is marked by a 50 cm thick sand deposit (Unit g). The 2004 tsunami resulted in deposition of 15 cm thick medium to coarse sand at the same location. We infer that the 2004 tsunami and Event III resulted in different styles of sedimentation at the same site. Four events at Collinpur along with the record of a subsidence event of AD 1679 from the east coast of Andaman, close-to, Port Blair (Malik et al., 2011), suggest that mega-subduction zone earthquakes and associated tsunamis recur at an interval of 300-500 years at variable locations along the Sumatra-Andaman subduction zone.

  11. Detection of receptor-specific murine leukemia virus binding to cells by immunofluorescence analysis.

    PubMed Central

    Kadan, M J; Sturm, S; Anderson, W F; Eglitis, M A

    1992-01-01

    Four classes of murine leukemia virus (MuLV) which display distinct cellular tropisms and bind to different retrovirus receptors to initiate virus infection have been described. In the present study, we describe a rapid, sensitive immunofluorescence assay useful for characterizing the initial binding of MuLV to cells. By using the rat monoclonal antibody 83A25 (L. H. Evans, R. P. Morrison, F. G. Malik, J. Portis, and W. J. Britt, J. Virol. 64:6176-6183, 1990), which recognizes an epitope of the envelope gp70 molecule common to the different classes of MuLV, it is possible to analyse the binding of ecotropic, amphotropic, or xenotropic MuLV by using only a single combination of primary and secondary antibodies. The MuLV binding detected by this assay is envelope receptor specific and matches the susceptibility to infection determined for cells from a variety of species. The binding of amphotropic MuLV to NIH 3T3 cells was shown to be rapid, saturable, and temperature dependent. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells normally lack the ability to bind ecotropic virus and are not infectible by ecotropic vectors. Expression of the cloned ecotropic retrovirus receptor gene (Rec) in CHO-K1 cells confers high levels of ecotropic virus-specific binding and confers susceptibility to infection. Characterization of MuLV binding to primary cells may provide insight into the infectibility of cells by retroviruses and aid in the selection of appropriate vectors for gene transfer experiments. PMID:1312632

  12. An Experimental Study of the Corrosion Behavior of Nickel Tungsten Carbide in Some Water-Glycol Hydraulic Fluids for Subsea Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Lei; Neville, Anne; Gledhill, Andrew; Johnston, David

    2010-02-01

    Corrosion failures of components in electro-hydraulic control systems can have serious consequences for the operation of an entire subsea oil recovery system, especially in water depths more than 150 m (Fleming, Meas. Control, 2000, 33(7), p 207-213). An acceptable reason for this is that seawater ingress can have a great effect on stainless steel 316L, the most commonly used material for the failed components of the direction control valves, since chloride irons destabilize the passive film [Malik et al., Corros. Sci., 1992, 33(11), p 1809-1827; Desalination, 1994, 97(1-3), p 189-197; Al-Malahy and Hodgkiess, Desalination, 2003, 158(1-3), p 35-42]. Other materials, claimed to be seawater tolerant, are starting to be used in this system. However, problems can still exist due to the complex factors relating to the corrosion process and how the environmental parameters affect the corrosion mechanisms. In this work, the corrosion behavior of a nickel tungsten carbide cermet, one of the proposed materials, is compared with stainless steel 316L, in four different water-glycol hydraulic fluids and 50% hydraulic fluid/50% seawater solutions using an electrochemical test methodology. Systematic fluid analysis, which includes GC-MS for organic components and ICP-MS analysis for ionic content, and surface analysis of the material are carried out to assess the corrosion mechanisms. Detailed conclusions are then made to summarize the advantages and disadvantages of nickel tungsten carbide being used in this system. The effects of each factor on the corrosion rates and mechanisms are discussed.

  13. Are Modern Concepts of Complex Systems Science Useful for Earth Sciences? (Lewis Fry Richardson Medal Lecture)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kurths, Jürgen

    2013-04-01

    The application of methods of complex systems science has a rich tradition in Earth sciences and has enabled substantially new insights into various complex processes there. However, some approaches and findings have been controversially discussed over the last decades. One reason is that they are often basing on strong restrictions and their violation may lead to pitfalls and misinterpretations. Here, we discuss three general concepts of complex systems science: synchronization, recurrence and complex networks and explain that they are indeed useful for better understanding phenomena as recent and past monsoon or El Nino, to detect paleoclimate-variability transitions which are related to human evolution and to identify teleconnections. References Marwan, N., Romano, M., Thiel, M., Kurths, J., Physics Reports 438, 237-329 (2007). Arenas, A., Diaz-Guilera, A., Kurths, J., Moreno, Y., Zhou, C., Physics Reports 469, 93-153 (2008). Marwan, N., Donges, J.F., Zou, Y., Donner, R. and Kurths, J., Phys. Lett. A 373, 4246 (2009). Donges, J.F., Zou, Y., Marwan, N. and Kurths, J. Europhys. Lett. 87, 48007 (2009). Donner, R., Zou, Y., Donges, J.F., Marwan, N. and Kurths, J., Phys. Rev. E 81, 015101(R) (2010). Mokhov, I. I., D. A. Smirnov, P. I. Nakonechny, S. S. Kozlenko, E. P. Seleznev, and J. Kurths, Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L00F04 (2011). Donges, J., H. Schultz, N. Marwan, Y. Zou, J. Kurths, Eur. J. Phys. B 84, 635-651 (2011). Donges, J., R. Donner, M. Trauth, N. Marwan, H.J. Schellnhuber, and J. Kurths, PNAS 108, 20422-20427 (2011). Malik, N., B. Bookhagen, N. Marwan, and J. Kurths, Climate Dynamics 39, 971 (2012). Runge, J. , J. Heitzig, V. Petoukhov, J. Kurths, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 258701 (2012). Menck, P., J. Heitzig, N. Marwan, J. Kurths, Nature Physics (2013).

  14. A statistical approach to material classification using image patch exemplars.

    PubMed

    Varma, Manik; Zisserman, Andrew

    2009-11-01

    In this paper, we investigate material classification from single images obtained under unknown viewpoint and illumination. It is demonstrated that materials can be classified using the joint distribution of intensity values over extremely compact neighborhoods (starting from as small as 3 \\times 3 pixels square) and that this can outperform classification using filter banks with large support. It is also shown that the performance of filter banks is inferior to that of image patches with equivalent neighborhoods. We develop novel texton-based representations which are suited to modeling this joint neighborhood distribution for Markov random fields. The representations are learned from training images and then used to classify novel images (with unknown viewpoint and lighting) into texture classes. Three such representations are proposed and their performance is assessed and compared to that of filter banks. The power of the method is demonstrated by classifying 2,806 images of all 61 materials present in the Columbia-Utrecht database. The classification performance surpasses that of recent state-of-the-art filter bank-based classifiers such as Leung and Malik (IJCV 01), Cula and Dana (IJCV 04), and Varma and Zisserman (IJCV 05). We also benchmark performance by classifying all of the textures present in the UIUC, Microsoft Textile, and San Francisco outdoor data sets. We conclude with discussions on why features based on compact neighborhoods can correctly discriminate between textures with large global structure and why the performance of filter banks is not superior to that of the source image patches from which they were derived.

  15. Automatic tissue segmentation of breast biopsies imaged by QPI

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Majeed, Hassaan; Nguyen, Tan; Kandel, Mikhail; Marcias, Virgilia; Do, Minh; Tangella, Krishnarao; Balla, Andre; Popescu, Gabriel

    2016-03-01

    The current tissue evaluation method for breast cancer would greatly benefit from higher throughput and less inter-observer variation. Since quantitative phase imaging (QPI) measures physical parameters of tissue, it can be used to find quantitative markers, eliminating observer subjectivity. Furthermore, since the pixel values in QPI remain the same regardless of the instrument used, classifiers can be built to segment various tissue components without need for color calibration. In this work we use a texton-based approach to segment QPI images of breast tissue into various tissue components (epithelium, stroma or lumen). A tissue microarray comprising of 900 unstained cores from 400 different patients was imaged using Spatial Light Interference Microscopy. The training data were generated by manually segmenting the images for 36 cores and labelling each pixel (epithelium, stroma or lumen.). For each pixel in the data, a response vector was generated by the Leung-Malik (LM) filter bank and these responses were clustered using the k-means algorithm to find the centers (called textons). A random forest classifier was then trained to find the relationship between a pixel's label and the histogram of these textons in that pixel's neighborhood. The segmentation was carried out on the validation set by calculating the texton histogram in a pixel's neighborhood and generating a label based on the model learnt during training. Segmentation of the tissue into various components is an important step toward efficiently computing parameters that are markers of disease. Automated segmentation, followed by diagnosis, can improve the accuracy and speed of analysis leading to better health outcomes.

  16. Exposure Assessment for Atmospheric Ultrafine Particles (UFPs) and Implications in Epidemiologic Research

    PubMed Central

    Sioutas, Constantinos; Delfino, Ralph J.; Singh, Manisha

    2005-01-01

    Epidemiologic research has shown increases in adverse cardiovascular and respiratory outcomes in relation to mass concentrations of particulate matter (PM) ≤2.5 or ≤10 μm in diameter (PM2.5, PM10, respectively). In a companion article [Delfino RJ, Sioutas C, Malik S. 2005. Environ Health Perspect 113(8):934–946]), we discuss epidemiologic evidence pointing to underlying components linked to fossil fuel combustion. The causal components driving the PM associations remain to be identified, but emerging evidence on particle size and chemistry has led to some clues. There is sufficient reason to believe that ultrafine particles < 0.1 μm (UFPs) are important because when compared with larger particles, they have order of magnitudes higher particle number concentration and surface area, and larger concentrations of adsorbed or condensed toxic air pollutants (oxidant gases, organic compounds, transition metals) per unit mass. This is supported by evidence of significantly higher in vitro redox activity by UFPs than by larger PM. Although epidemiologic research is needed, exposure assessment issues for UFPs are complex and need to be considered before undertaking investigations of UFP health effects. These issues include high spatial variability, indoor sources, variable infiltration of UFPs from a variety of outside sources, and meteorologic factors leading to high seasonal variability in concentration and composition, including volatility. To address these issues, investigators need to develop as well as validate the analytic technologies required to characterize the physical/chemical nature of UFPs in various environments. In the present review, we provide a detailed discussion of key characteristics of UFPs, their sources and formation mechanisms, and methodologic approaches to assessing population exposures. PMID:16079062

  17. An optimized blockwise nonlocal means denoising filter for 3-D magnetic resonance images.

    PubMed

    Coupe, P; Yger, P; Prima, S; Hellier, P; Kervrann, C; Barillot, C

    2008-04-01

    A critical issue in image restoration is the problem of noise removal while keeping the integrity of relevant image information. Denoising is a crucial step to increase image quality and to improve the performance of all the tasks needed for quantitative imaging analysis. The method proposed in this paper is based on a 3-D optimized blockwise version of the nonlocal (NL)-means filter (Buades, et al., 2005). The NL-means filter uses the redundancy of information in the image under study to remove the noise. The performance of the NL-means filter has been already demonstrated for 2-D images, but reducing the computational burden is a critical aspect to extend the method to 3-D images. To overcome this problem, we propose improvements to reduce the computational complexity. These different improvements allow to drastically divide the computational time while preserving the performances of the NL-means filter. A fully automated and optimized version of the NL-means filter is then presented. Our contributions to the NL-means filter are: 1) an automatic tuning of the smoothing parameter; 2) a selection of the most relevant voxels; 3) a blockwise implementation; and 4) a parallelized computation. Quantitative validation was carried out on synthetic datasets generated with BrainWeb (Collins, et al., 1998). The results show that our optimized NL-means filter outperforms the classical implementation of the NL-means filter, as well as two other classical denoising methods [anisotropic diffusion (Perona and Malik, 1990)] and total variation minimization process (Rudin, et al., 1992) in terms of accuracy (measured by the peak signal-to-noise ratio) with low computation time. Finally, qualitative results on real data are presented .

  18. Nonlinear diffusion filtering of data on the Earth's surface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Čunderlík, Róbert; Mikula, Karol; Tunega, Martin

    2013-02-01

    The paper deals with data filtering on closed surfaces using linear and nonlinear diffusion equations. We define a surface finite-volume method to approximate numerically parabolic partial differential equations on closed surfaces, namely on a sphere, ellipsoid or the Earth's surface. The closed surface as a computational domain is approximated by a polyhedral surface created by planar triangles and we construct a dual co-volume grid. On the co-volumes we define a weak formulation of the problem by applying Green's theorem to the Laplace-Beltrami operator. Then the finite-volume method is applied to discretize the weak formulation. Weak forms of elliptic operators are expressed through surface gradients. In our numerical scheme we use a piece-wise linear approximation of a solution in space and the backward Euler time discretization. Furthermore, we extend a linear diffusion on surface to the regularized surface Perona-Malik model. It represents a nonlinear diffusion equation, which at the same time reduces noise and preserves main edges and other details important for a correct interpretation of the real data. We present four numerical experiments. The first one has an illustrative character showing how an additive noise is filtered out from an artificial function defined on a sphere. Other three examples deal with the real geodetic data on the Earth's surface, namely (i) we reduce a stripping noise from the GOCE satellite only geopotential model up to degree 240, (ii) we filter noise from the real GOCE measurements (the component T_{zz}), and (iii) we reduce a stripping noise from the satellite only mean dynamic topography at oceans. In all experiments we focus on a comparison of the results obtained by both the linear and nonlinear models presenting advantages of the nonlinear diffusion.

  19. Feature detection in digitized mammograms using anisotropic diffusion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aldrich, Bradley C.; Chinthala, S.; Desai, Mita D.

    1995-03-01

    This paper develops and presents methods for the detection of features in high-resolution digital mammograms using anisotropic diffusion techniques. The automated or semiautomated analysis of digital mammograms for the purpose of detecting suspicious changes in normal tissue structure is an exceedingly important and elusive goal confronting researchers in digital mammography. The nature of the changes can be quite variable, but often the quality of the periphery of suspect lesions contains strong cues regarding the nature of the lesion. Thus, it is of interest to consider processing paradigms that analyze lesion boundary information, both to isolate suspect lesions from normal tissue and to aid in the differentiation of benign vs. malignant lesions. In this paper a modified version of the Malik-Perona nonlinear diffusion model is adopted that provides superior boundary detection capability while simultaneously strongly rejecting noise or irrelevant image artifacts. The algorithm provide a multiscale family of smoothed images that display the important property of intra-region smoothing without smoothing across boundaries. Thus, the features extracted do not suffer from the unnecessary blurring arising from conventional smoothing-differentiation edge detectors, while retaining the highly desirable property of noise elimination. In other words, the anisotropic diffusion method performs a piecewise smoothing of the mammographic data image. These properties make it possible to achieve high-quality segmentations of mammographic images. The output of the algorithm is a binary representation containing detailed structural information for the potentially interesting features in the mammogram. Thus, lesions containing spiculations or with associated microcalcifications can be represented with a high resolution, and subjected to further processing towards attaining the difficult goals of detection and diagnosis. The results of this technique as applied to digitized

  20. LROC assessment of non-linear filtering methods in Ga-67 SPECT imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    De Clercq, Stijn; Staelens, Steven; De Beenhouwer, Jan; D'Asseler, Yves; Lemahieu, Ignace

    2006-03-01

    In emission tomography, iterative reconstruction is usually followed by a linear smoothing filter to make such images more appropriate for visual inspection and diagnosis by a physician. This will result in a global blurring of the images, smoothing across edges and possibly discarding valuable image information for detection tasks. The purpose of this study is to investigate which possible advantages a non-linear, edge-preserving postfilter could have on lesion detection in Ga-67 SPECT imaging. Image quality can be defined based on the task that has to be performed on the image. This study used LROC observer studies based on a dataset created by CPU-intensive Gate Monte Carlo simulations of a voxelized digital phantom. The filters considered in this study were a linear Gaussian filter, a bilateral filter, the Perona-Malik anisotropic diffusion filter and the Catte filtering scheme. The 3D MCAT software phantom was used to simulate the distribution of Ga-67 citrate in the abdomen. Tumor-present cases had a 1-cm diameter tumor randomly placed near the edges of the anatomical boundaries of the kidneys, bone, liver and spleen. Our data set was generated out of a single noisy background simulation using the bootstrap method, to significantly reduce the simulation time and to allow for a larger observer data set. Lesions were simulated separately and added to the background afterwards. These were then reconstructed with an iterative approach, using a sufficiently large number of MLEM iterations to establish convergence. The output of a numerical observer was used in a simplex optimization method to estimate an optimal set of parameters for each postfilter. No significant improvement was found for using edge-preserving filtering techniques over standard linear Gaussian filtering.

  1. Iterated preconditioned LSQR method for inverse problems on unstructured grids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arridge, S. R.; Betcke, M. M.; Harhanen, L.

    2014-06-01

    This article presents a method for solving large-scale linear inverse imaging problems regularized with a nonlinear, edge-preserving penalty term such as total variation or the Perona-Malik technique. Our method is aimed at problems defined on unstructured meshes, where such regularizers naturally arise in unfactorized form as a stiffness matrix of an anisotropic diffusion operator and factorization is prohibitively expensive. In the proposed scheme, the nonlinearity is handled with lagged diffusivity fixed point iteration, which involves solving a large-scale linear least squares problem in each iteration. Because the convergence of Krylov methods for problems with discontinuities is notoriously slow, we propose to accelerate it by means of priorconditioning (Bayesian preconditioning). priorconditioning is a technique that, through transformation to the standard form, embeds the information contained in the prior (Bayesian interpretation of a regularizer) directly into the forward operator and thence into the solution space. We derive a factorization-free preconditioned LSQR algorithm (MLSQR), allowing implicit application of the preconditioner through efficient schemes such as multigrid. The resulting method is also matrix-free i.e. the forward map can be defined through its action on a vector. We illustrate the performance of the method on two numerical examples. Simple 1D-deblurring problem serves to visualize the discussion throughout the paper. The effectiveness of the proposed numerical scheme is demonstrated on a three-dimensional problem in fluorescence diffuse optical tomography with total variation regularization derived algebraic multigrid preconditioner, which is the type of large scale, unstructured mesh problem, requiring matrix-free and factorization-free approaches that motivated the work here.

  2. An automated diagnostic system for tubular carcinoma of the breast--an overview of approach and considerations.

    PubMed

    Leong, F Joel W M; McGee, James O'D

    2003-01-01

    A computer-based automated histopathology recognition system was developed to distinguish benign from malignant lesions. Tubular carcinoma of the breast, which has several reactive and neoplastic mimics, was selected as a model. Archival stained tumour sections from the United Kingdom National External Quality Assurance Scheme for breast pathology and supplementary material from external pathologists formed the study population. A diagnostic process similar to that employed by the histopathologist was adopted, viz, low-power feature extraction and analysis by cluster/glandular groupings followed by high-power confirmation. To circumvent problems of stain variability, greyscale quantisation of images was achieved through Karhunen-Loeve transformation with results suggesting that histological stains provide information primarily through contrast and not colour. Mean nearest neighbour and variance of cell nuclei distances were found to be 100% effective in distinguishing images which contained diffuse tumour, and no clustering. Gaussian smoothing followed by minimum variance quantisation allowed segmentation of gland clusters. Perona-Malik nonlinear diffusion filter employed prior to intensity thresholding and morphological filtering was 92% (7330/7973) effective in segmenting individual glands. In a set of 62 benign and 52 malignant gland clusters, the features found to discriminate tubular carcinoma from benign conditions included > 20% of glands with sharp-angled edge, cluster area > 150,000 pixels, ratio total gland area:total cluster area < 0.14, > 60 glands per cluster and the ratio average malignant gland area:benign gland area < 0.5. Suspicious clusters were subjected to high-power feature analysis for nuclear morphology, nucleoli detection and basement membrane assessment. Watershed thresholding achieved nuclear segmentation and nuclear area > 1.3x mean benign nuclear area was found to have a malignant likelihood ratio of 14.5. Progressive thresholding was

  3. Cluster radioactive decay within the preformed cluster model using relativistic mean-field theory densities

    SciTech Connect

    Singh, BirBikram; Patra, S. K.; Gupta, Raj K.

    2010-07-15

    We have studied the (ground-state) cluster radioactive decays within the preformed cluster model (PCM) of Gupta and collaborators [R. K. Gupta, in Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Nuclear Reaction Mechanisms, Varenna, edited by E. Gadioli (Ricerca Scientifica ed Educazione Permanente, Milano, 1988), p. 416; S. S. Malik and R. K. Gupta, Phys. Rev. C 39, 1992 (1989)]. The relativistic mean-field (RMF) theory is used to obtain the nuclear matter densities for the double folding procedure used to construct the cluster-daughter potential with M3Y nucleon-nucleon interaction including exchange effects. Following the PCM approach, we have deduced empirically the preformation probability P{sub 0}{sup emp} from the experimental data on both the alpha- and exotic cluster-decays, specifically of parents in the trans-lead region having doubly magic {sup 208}Pb or its neighboring nuclei as daughters. Interestingly, the RMF-densities-based nuclear potential supports the concept of preformation for both the alpha and heavier clusters in radioactive nuclei. P{sub 0}{sup a}lpha{sup (emp)} for alpha decays is almost constant (approx10{sup -2}-10{sup -3}) for all the parent nuclei considered here, and P{sub 0}{sup c(emp)} for cluster decays of the same parents decrease with the size of clusters emitted from different parents. The results obtained for P{sub 0}{sup c(emp)} are reasonable and are within two to three orders of magnitude of the well-accepted phenomenological model of Blendowske-Walliser for light clusters.

  4. Delta-doping of Semiconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schubert, E. F.

    2005-08-01

    Part I: 1. Introduction E. F. Schubert; Part II: 2. Electronic structure of delta-doped semiconductors C. R. Proetto; Part III: 3. Recent progress in delta-like confinement of impurities in GaAs K. H. Ploog; 4. Flow-rate modulation epitaxy (FME) of III-V semiconductors T. Makimoto and Y. Horikoshi; 5. Gas source molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) of delta-doped III-V semiconductors D. Ritter; 6. Solid phase epitaxy for delta-doping in silicon I. Eisele; 7. Low temperature MBE of silicon H.-J. Gossmann; Part IV: 8. Secondary ion mass spectrometry of delta-doped semiconductors H. S. Luftmann; 9. Capacitance-voltage profiling E. F. Schubert; 10. Redistribution of impurities in III-V semiconductors E. F. Schubert; 11. Dopant diffusion and segregation in delta-doped silicon films H.-J. Gossmann; 12. Characterisation of silicon and delta-doped structures in GaAs R. C. Newman; 13. The DX-center in silicon delta-doped GaAs and AlxGa1-xAs P. M. Koenraad; Part V: 14. Luminescence and ellipsometry spectroscopy H. Yao and E. F. Schubert; 15. Photoluminescence and Raman spectroscopy of single delta-doped III-V semiconductor heterostructures J. Wagner and D. Richards; 16. Electron transport in delta-doped quantum wells W. T. Masselink; 17. Electron mobility in delta-doped layers P. M. Koenraad; 18. Hot electrons in delta-doped GaAs M. Asche; 19. Ordered delta-doping R. L. Headrick, L. C. Feldman and B. E. Weir; Part IV: 20. Delta-doped channel III-V field effect transistors (FETs) W.-P. Hong; 21. Selectively doped heterostructure devices E. F. Schubert; 22. Silicon atomic layer doping FET K. Nakagawa and K. Yamaguchi; 23. Planar doped barrier devices R. J. Malik; 24. Silicon interband and intersubband photodetectors I. Eisele; 25. Doping superlattice devices E. F. Schubert.

  5. Lysophosphatidic acid induces vasodilation mediated by LPA1 receptors, phospholipase C, and endothelial nitric oxide synthase

    PubMed Central

    Ruisanchez, Éva; Dancs, Péter; Kerék, Margit; Németh, Tamás; Faragó, Bernadett; Balogh, Andrea; Patil, Renukadevi; Jennings, Brett L.; Liliom, Károly; Malik, Kafait U.; Smrcka, Alan V.; Tigyi, Gabor; Benyó, Zoltán

    2014-01-01

    Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) has been implicated as a mediator of several cardiovascular functions, but its potential involvement in the control of vascular tone is obscure. Here, we show that both LPA (18:1) and VPC31143 (a synthetic agonist of LPA1–3 receptors) relax intact mouse thoracic aorta with similar Emax values (53.9 and 51.9% of phenylephrine-induced precontraction), although the EC50 of LPA- and VPC31143-induced vasorelaxations were different (400 vs. 15 nM, respectively). Mechanical removal of the endothelium or genetic deletion of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) not only diminished vasorelaxation by LPA or VPC31143 but converted it to vasoconstriction. Freshly isolated mouse aortic endothelial cells expressed LPA1, LPA2, LPA4 and LPA5 transcripts. The LPA1,3 antagonist Ki16425, the LPA1 antagonist AM095, and the genetic deletion of LPA1, but not that of LPA2, abolished LPA-induced vasorelaxation. Inhibition of the phosphoinositide 3 kinase–protein kinase B/Akt pathway by wortmannin or MK-2206 failed to influence the effect of LPA. However, pharmacological inhibition of phospholipase C (PLC) by U73122 or edelfosine, but not genetic deletion of PLCε, abolished LPA-induced vasorelaxation and indicated that a PLC enzyme, other than PLCε, mediates the response. In summary, the present study identifies LPA as an endothelium-dependent vasodilator substance acting via LPA1, PLC, and eNOS.—Ruisanchez, É., Dancs, P., Kerék, M., Németh, T., Faragó, B., Balogh, A., Patil, R., Jennings, B. L., Liliom, K., Malik, K. U., Smrcka, A. V., Tigyi, G., Benyó, Z. Lysophosphatidic acid induces vasodilation mediated by LPA1 receptors, phospholipase C, and endothelial nitric oxide synthase. PMID:24249637

  6. Contributions of Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar) to the progress of surgery: a study and translations from his book Al-Taisir.

    PubMed

    Abdel-Halim, Rabie E

    2005-09-01

    This study of the original Arabic edition of the book Al-Taisir Fil-Mudawat Wal-Tadbeer (Book of Simplification Concerning Therapeutics and Diet) written by the Muslim physician Abu-Marwan Abdel-Malik Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar, 1093-1162 AD) aimed at evaluating his contributions to the progress of surgery and providing English translations of relevant excerpts. Ibn Zuhr s unique experiment performing a tracheotomy on a goat, proved the safety of this operation in humans and represented a further step in the development of the experimental school started by Al-Razi (Rhazes) of Baghdad in the ninth century who is known to have given monkeys doses of mercury to test it as a drug for human use. Ibn Zuhr also performed post mortems on sheep in the course of his clinical research on treatment of ulcerating diseases of the lungs. Same as all his predecessors in the Islamic Era, he stressed the importance of a practical and sound knowledge of anatomy for surgical trainees. Furthermore, Ibn Zuhr insisted on a well supervised and structured training program for the surgeon-to-be, before allowing him to operate independently. He also drew the red lines at which a physician should stop, during his general management of a surgical condition; a step forward in the evolution of general surgery as a specialty of its own. He believed in prophylaxis against urinary stone disease and reported the importance of dietary management for that purpose. Furthermore, Ibn Zuhr enriched surgical and medical knowledge by describing many diseases and treatment innovations not ever described before him.

  7. β2-Adrenergic receptor supports prolonged theta tetanus-induced LTP.

    PubMed

    Qian, Hai; Matt, Lucas; Zhang, Mingxu; Nguyen, Minh; Patriarchi, Tommaso; Koval, Olha M; Anderson, Mark E; He, Kaiwen; Lee, Hey-Kyoung; Hell, Johannes W

    2012-05-01

    The widespread noradrenergic innervation in the brain promotes arousal and learning by molecular mechanisms that remain largely undefined. Recent work shows that the β(2)-adrenergic receptor (β(2)AR) is linked to the AMPA-type glutamate receptor subunit GluA1 via stargazin and PSD-95 (Joiner ML, Lise MF, Yuen EY, Kam AY, Zhang M, Hall DD, Malik ZA, Qian H, Chen Y, Ulrich JD, Burette AC, Weinberg RJ, Law PY, El-Husseini A, Yan Z, Hell JW. EMBO J 29: 482-495, 2010). We now demonstrate that the β(2)AR plays a prominent role in long-term potentiation (LTP) induced by a train of 900 stimuli at 5 Hz (prolonged theta-tetanus-LTP, or PTT-LTP) in the hippocampal CA1 region in mice, which requires simultaneous β-adrenergic stimulation. Although PTT-LTP was impaired in hippocampal slices from β(1)AR and β(2)AR knockout (KO) mice, only β(2)AR-selective stimulation with salbutamol supported this PTT-LTP in wild-type (WT) slices, whereas β(1)AR-selective stimulation with dobutamine (+ prazosin) did not. Furthermore, only the β(2)AR-selective antagonist ICI-118551 and not the β(1)AR-selective antagonist CGP-20712 inhibited PTT-LTP and phosphorylation of GluA1 on its PKA site S845 in WT slices. Our analysis of S845A knockin (KI) mice indicates that this phosphorylation is relevant for PTT-LTP. These results identify the β(2)AR-S845 signaling pathway as a prominent regulator of synaptic plasticity.

  8. β2-Adrenergic receptor supports prolonged theta tetanus-induced LTP

    PubMed Central

    Qian, Hai; Matt, Lucas; Zhang, Mingxu; Nguyen, Minh; Patriarchi, Tommaso; Koval, Olha M.; Anderson, Mark E.; He, Kaiwen; Lee, Hey-Kyoung

    2012-01-01

    The widespread noradrenergic innervation in the brain promotes arousal and learning by molecular mechanisms that remain largely undefined. Recent work shows that the β2-adrenergic receptor (β2AR) is linked to the AMPA-type glutamate receptor subunit GluA1 via stargazin and PSD-95 (Joiner ML, Lise MF, Yuen EY, Kam AY, Zhang M, Hall DD, Malik ZA, Qian H, Chen Y, Ulrich JD, Burette AC, Weinberg RJ, Law PY, El-Husseini A, Yan Z, Hell JW. EMBO J 29: 482–495, 2010). We now demonstrate that the β2AR plays a prominent role in long-term potentiation (LTP) induced by a train of 900 stimuli at 5 Hz (prolonged theta-tetanus-LTP, or PTT-LTP) in the hippocampal CA1 region in mice, which requires simultaneous β-adrenergic stimulation. Although PTT-LTP was impaired in hippocampal slices from β1AR and β2AR knockout (KO) mice, only β2AR-selective stimulation with salbutamol supported this PTT-LTP in wild-type (WT) slices, whereas β1AR-selective stimulation with dobutamine (+ prazosin) did not. Furthermore, only the β2AR-selective antagonist ICI-118551 and not the β1AR-selective antagonist CGP-20712 inhibited PTT-LTP and phosphorylation of GluA1 on its PKA site S845 in WT slices. Our analysis of S845A knockin (KI) mice indicates that this phosphorylation is relevant for PTT-LTP. These results identify the β2AR-S845 signaling pathway as a prominent regulator of synaptic plasticity. PMID:22338020

  9. Novel determination of radon-222 velocity in deep subsurface rocks, and the feasibility to using radon as an earthquake precursor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zafrir, Hovav; Benhorin, Yochy; Malik, Uri; Chemo, Chaim

    2016-04-01

    An enhanced radon monitoring system was designed in order to study shallow versus deep subsurface processes affecting the appearance of radon anomalies. The method is based on the assumption that the climatic influence is limited since its energy decreases with the decrease in thickness of the geological cover whereby its effect is reduced to a negligible value at depth. Hence, lowering gamma and alpha detectors into deep boreholes and monitoring their temporal variations relative to a reference couple at shallow depths of 10-40 m eliminates the ambient thermal and pressure-induced contribution from the total radon time series. It allows highlighting the residual portion of the radon signals that might be associated with the geodynamic processes. The primary technological key is the higher sensitivity of the gamma detectors - in comparison to the solid-state alpha detectors, which are also suitable for threading into narrow boreholes in parallel to the narrow gamma detector (Zafrir et al., 2013*). The unique achievements of the novel system that was installed at the Sde Eliezer site close to the Hula Valley western border fault (HWBF) in northern Israel are: a) Determination, for the first time, of the radon movement velocity within rock layers at depths of several tens of meters, namely, 25 m per hour on average; b) Distinguishing between the diurnal periodical effect of the ambient temperature and the semi-diurnal effect of the ambient pressure on the radon temporal spectrum; c) Identification of a radon random pre-seismic anomaly preceding the Nuweiba, M 5.5 earthquake of 27 June 2015 that occurred within Dead Sea Fault Zone. * Zafrir, H., Barbosa, S.M. and Malik, U., 2013. Differentiation between the effect of temperature and pressure on radon within the subsurface geological media, Radiat. Meas., 49, 39-56. doi:10.1016/j.radmeas.2012.11.019.

  10. Suppression of superconductivity with Pr substitution in Nd 1- xPr xBaCaCu 3O 7 system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Awana, V. P. S.; Cardoso, Claudio A.; de Lima, O. F.; Singh, Rajvir; Narlikar, A. V.; Yelon, W. B.; Malik, S. K.

    1999-05-01

    The structural, superconducting and magnetic properties of Nd 1- xPr xBaCaCu 3O 7 system with x=0.0, 0.10, 0.25, 0.35, 0.50, 0.75 and 1.0 have been investigated. X-ray diffraction results reveal that Pr substitutes isostructurally in NdBaCaCu 3O 7 (Nd:1113) superconductor with complete solubility. The superconducting transition temperature ( Tc), measured by ac susceptibility technique, decreases with increasing x. However, suppression of Tc with increasing Pr substitution is less in Nd:1113 superconductor compared to that reported for Nd 1- xPr xBa 2Cu 3O 7 system. Interestingly, in the fully Pr substituted compounds of the above series, i.e., in PrBaCaCu 3O 7 and PrBa 2Cu 3O 7, the Pr moments order antiferromagnetically with TN of 10 and 17 K, respectively. The present results along those reported earlier [V.P.S. Awana, J. Horvat, S.X. Dou, A. Sedky, A.V. Narlikar, J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 182 (1998) L280; V.P.S. Awana, S.X. Dou, S.K. Malik, Rajvir Singh, A.V. Narlikar, D.A. Landinez Tellez, J.M. Ferreira, J. Albino Aguiar, S. Uma, E. Gmelin, W.B. Yelon, J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 187 (1998) 192], clearly suggest that there is a correlation between the Tc suppression due to Pr and the magnetic ordering temperature of the fully substituted Pr moments in these systems. The TN may be taken to be a measure of the strength of hybridization between the Pr-4f electrons with Cu-O conduction band, and hence a lower TN may imply a less deleterious effect on superconductivity.

  11. Using shape contexts method for registration of contra lateral breasts in thermal images

    PubMed Central

    Etehadtavakol, Mahnaz; Ng, Eddie Yin-Kwee; Gheissari, Niloofar

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To achieve symmetric boundaries for left and right breasts boundaries in thermal images by registration. METHODS: The proposed method for registration consists of two steps. In the first step, shape context, an approach as presented by Belongie and Malik was applied for registration of two breast boundaries. The shape context is an approach to measure shape similarity. Two sets of finite sample points from shape contours of two breasts are then presented. Consequently, the correspondences between the two shapes are found. By finding correspondences, the sample point which has the most similar shape context is obtained. RESULTS: In this study, a line up transformation which maps one shape onto the other has been estimated in order to complete shape. The used of a thin plate spline permitted good estimation of a plane transformation which has capability to map unselective points from one shape onto the other. The obtained aligning transformation of boundaries points has been applied successfully to map the two breasts interior points. Some of advantages for using shape context method in this work are as follows: (1) no special land marks or key points are needed; (2) it is tolerant to all common shape deformation; and (3) although it is uncomplicated and straightforward to use, it gives remarkably powerful descriptor for point sets significantly upgrading point set registration. Results are very promising. The proposed algorithm was implemented for 32 cases. Boundary registration is done perfectly for 28 cases. CONCLUSION: We used shape contexts method that is simple and easy to implement to achieve symmetric boundaries for left and right breasts boundaries in thermal images. PMID:25493241

  12. Final Progress Report: Developing Ethical Practices for Genetics Testing in the Workplace

    SciTech Connect

    Laura Roberts, MD; Teddy Warner, PhD

    2008-05-14

    Our multidisciplinary research team for this project involved collaboration between the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine at the Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW) and the Department of Family and Community Medicine at the University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center (UNM HSC). Our research team in Wisconsin was led by Laura Roberts, M.D., Principal Investigator, and included Scott Helberg, MLS (Project Coordinator), Kate Green Hammond, Ph.D. (Consultant), Krisy Edenharder (Research Coordinator), and Mark Talatzko (Research Assistant). Our New Mexico-based team was led by Teddy Warner, Ph.D., Co-Principal Investigator and UNM Site Principal Investigator, and included Suzanne Roybal (Project Assistant), Darlyn Mabon (Project Assistant), Kate Green Hammond, PhD (Senior Research Scientist on the UNM team from 2004 until January, 2007), and Paulette Christopher (Research Assistant). In addition, computer technical and web support for the web-based survey conducted on a secure server at the University of New Mexico was provided by Kevin Wiley and Kim Hagen of the Systems and Programming Team of the Health Sciences Center Library and Information Center. We stated 3 aims in the grant proposal: (1) To collect web survey reports of the ethical perspectives, concerns, preferences and decision-making related to genetic testing using surveys from employees at: (a) Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); (b) Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); and (c) the University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center (UNMHSC); (2) To perform an extensive literature search and the extant survey data to develop evidence-based policy recommendations for ethically sound genetic testing associated with research and occupational health activities in the workplace; and, (3) To host a conference at the Medical College of Wisconsin to provide employers, workers, health professionals, researchers, the public, and the media an opportunity to consider ethical issues involved in genetic

  13. Correlations between Crustal Structure and Slip on the Cascadia Megathrust (Invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trehu, A. M.

    2013-12-01

    A number of active-source seismic imaging experiments of the Cascadia forearc margin have been conducted over the past three decades. Seismic P-wave velocity models derived from these experiments, when combined with geodetic, potential field, morphological and other data, reveal structures in both the upper and lower plate that can be correlated with current microseismic activity, geodetic signals indicating interplate locking, and apparent segmentation of past large plate boundary earthquakes as determined from onshore and offshore paleoseismic data. These data are being interpreted to construct maps of the apparent seismic velocity structure averaged over several km above and below the expected plate boundary and extending from the region characterized by episodic tremor and slip up dip to the deformation front. Preliminary results for the recent CIET, COAST and Ridge-to-Trench experiments that support, challenge or extend an evolving working model for structural constraints on plate boundary deformation in Cascadia will also be discussed. Other co-PIs who have planned and executed the CIET, COAST and Ridge-to-Trench experiments are listed below with the lead PI for each group listed first. CIET (Cascadia Initiative Science Team): Doug Toomey, Emilie Hooft (both at Un. of Oregon); Bob Dziak (Oregon State Un. NOAA); William Wilcock (Un. Washington); Susan Schwartz (UC Santa Cruz); John Collins, Jeff McGuire (WHOI); Maya Tolstoy (LDEO); Richard Allen (UC Berkeley) COAST (Cascadia Open-Access Seismic Transects): Steve Holbrook (Un. Wyoming); Graham Kent (Un. Nevada Reno); Katie Keranen (Un. Oklahoma); Paul Johnson (Un. Washington); Jackie Caplan-Auerbach (Western Washington Un.); Harold Tobin (Un. Wisconson) Ridge-to-Trench: Suzanne Carbotte, Helene Carton, Geoff Abers (all at LDEO); Pablo Canales (WHOI); Mladen Nedimovic (Dalhousie Un.)

  14. PREFACE: High Performance Computing Symposium 2011

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Talon, Suzanne; Mousseau, Normand; Peslherbe, Gilles; Bertrand, François; Gauthier, Pierre; Kadem, Lyes; Moitessier, Nicolas; Rouleau, Guy; Wittig, Rod

    2012-02-01

    HPCS (High Performance Computing Symposium) is a multidisciplinary conference that focuses on research involving High Performance Computing and its application. Attended by Canadian and international experts and renowned researchers in the sciences, all areas of engineering, the applied sciences, medicine and life sciences, mathematics, the humanities and social sciences, it is Canada's pre-eminent forum for HPC. The 25th edition was held in Montréal, at the Université du Québec à Montréal, from 15-17 June and focused on HPC in Medical Science. The conference was preceded by tutorials held at Concordia University, where 56 participants learned about HPC best practices, GPU computing, parallel computing, debugging and a number of high-level languages. 274 participants from six countries attended the main conference, which involved 11 invited and 37 contributed oral presentations, 33 posters, and an exhibit hall with 16 booths from our sponsors. The work that follows is a collection of papers presented at the conference covering HPC topics ranging from computer science to bioinformatics. They are divided here into four sections: HPC in Engineering, Physics and Materials Science, HPC in Medical Science, HPC Enabling to Explore our World and New Algorithms for HPC. We would once more like to thank the participants and invited speakers, the members of the Scientific Committee, the referees who spent time reviewing the papers and our invaluable sponsors. To hear the invited talks and learn about 25 years of HPC development in Canada visit the Symposium website: http://2011.hpcs.ca/lang/en/conference/keynote-speakers/ Enjoy the excellent papers that follow, and we look forward to seeing you in Vancouver for HPCS 2012! Gilles Peslherbe Chair of the Scientific Committee Normand Mousseau Co-Chair of HPCS 2011 Suzanne Talon Chair of the Organizing Committee UQAM Sponsors The PDF also contains photographs from the conference banquet.

  15. 1,927-nm fractional thulium fiber laser for the treatment of nonfacial photodamage: a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Polder, Kristel D; Harrison, April; Eubanks, Leigh Ellen; Bruce, Suzanne

    2011-03-01

    A 1,927-nm wavelength was recently added to the 1,550-nm erbium-doped fiber laser. This wavelength possesses a higher absorption coefficient for water than the 1,550-nm, conferring greater ability to target epidermal processes. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a novel 1,927-nm fractional thulium fiber laser in the treatment of nonfacial photodamage. Nine participants with nonfacial photodamage underwent three laser treatments (at 3- to 4-week intervals) at pulse energies of 10 to 20 mJ and 30% to 55% surface area coverage (4-8 passes) with a 1,927-nm thulium fiber laser. A blinded assessor and participants evaluated clinical improvement of treatment areas at 1-month follow-up using a quartile grading scale (0-4). Nine participants with a total of 12 treatment areas completed three treatments and the 1-month follow-up visit. At follow-up, a blinded assessor rated mean improvement in photodamage as 3.25 ± 1.0 and lentigines as 3.33 ± 0.9 on a scale of 0 to 4 (0=none, 1=1-25%, 2=26-50%, 3=51-75%, and 4=76-100% improvement). Skin responses observed after treatment were moderate erythema, mild edema, itching, and desquamation. No scarring or postinflammatory hyper- or hypopigmentation was observed. The 1,927-nm fractional thulium fiber laser is a safe, effective treatment for nonfacial photodamage. Dr. Polder is a principal investigator and Dr. Suzanne Bruce is a consultant for Solta Medical. © 2011 by the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery, Inc.

  16. Mars Observer Orbit Insertion Briefing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    Steve Wall is the host of this video entitled, "Return to the Red Planet". Live animation of the Mars Observer orbiting Mars is presented. Steve Wall explains the spacecraft insertion maneuver and also explains the purpose for the Mars Observer launch. Live coverage of the Cape Canaveral launch of the Mars Observer is also presented. Suzanne Dodd, Chief of the Mission Planning team describes the burn start and how the spacecraft will be captured by Mars' gravity. Glenn Cunningham, Mars Observer Project Manager, gives background information on the Mars Observer and describes the organizations behind the Mars Observer Spacecraft, such as the Deep Space Network, the Mission Operation Support Office, Science Investigators, the Flight Engineering Office, Operations Office, and the Ground Data System Office. Dr. William Piotrowski, Acting Director, Solar System Exploration Division, NASA, talks about the purpose of the Mars Pathfinder which is to develop the technology and systems for landing small science packages on Mars. Mr. Roger Gibbs, Former Mars Observer Spacecraft Systems Engineer, tells us how the Mars Observer was built and describes the structural elements on the Mars Observer. The 11-month cruise period for the spacecraft is given by Joseph Beerer, Manager of the Engineering office. The thrust for the Mars Orbit Insertion is described by Ronald Klemetson, Technical Manager, Propulsion Subsystem Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). George Chen, Lead Engineer Attitude and Articulation Subsystem Spacecraft Team, explains the importance of the attitude control engines on the Spacecraft. Marvin Traxler, Manager of Tracking and Data Acquisition, describes how searching for a signal from the Mars Observer works. See NONP-NASA-VT-2000081555 for a continuation of this discussion with Marvin Traxler.

  17. Birth of the Canadian Digestive Health Foundation.

    PubMed

    Beck, Ivan T

    2004-01-01

    The Canadian Digestive Disease Foundation, renamed the Canadian Digestive Health Foundation--Fondation canadienne pour la promotion de la santé digestive--in December 2001, is the culmination of ongoing efforts by the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology to establish an independent charitable organization. In February 2001, it was officially endorsed as the Foundation for the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology. The initial efforts to establish this Foundation, led by Dr Richard McKenna in 1963, were unsuccessful. In 1991, Glaxo Canada (now GlaxoSmithKline) became a founding donor, and with the four founding physicians--Drs Ivan T Beck, Richard H Hunt, Suzanne E Lemire and Alan BR Thomson--the expenses to establish the Foundation were met. A charitable number was obtained in 1995 (0997427-11). The second founding donor was Janssen Canada (now Janssen-Ortho), and public education support came from Astra Canada (now AstraZeneca Canada). The Foundation initially relied on corporate donors, but now approaches physicians, patients and the general public. The objectives of the Foundation are to advance the science of gastroenterology and to provide knowledge of digestive diseases and nutrition to the general public, to enhance the quality of life of persons who are afflicted with these disorders. The major achievements of the Foundation are the provision of one-year operating grants to new investigators, which have allowed them to accumulate early data and subsequently obtain support from other major granting organizations. It also provides Fellowships and studentship support grants, in conjunction with the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the pharmaceutical industry. The education committee found that there was little research support in this field, considering the large economic burden of digestive disease and the amount of outstanding work done by Canadian researchers. A bilingual Web site, a web-based specialist's discussion program and bilingual

  18. Rock strength reductions during incipient weathering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kelly, P. J.; Anderson, S. P.; Blum, A.

    2012-12-01

    Patrick Kelly, Suzanne Anderson, Alex Blum In rock below the surface, temperature swings are damped, water flow is limited, and biota are few. Yet rock weathers, presumably driven by these environmental parameters. We use rock strength as an indicator of rock weathering in Gordon Gulch in the Boulder Creek Critical Zone Observatory, a watershed at 2500 m underlain by Proterozoic gneiss intruded by the Boulder Creek granodiorite. Fresh rock is found at depths of 8-30 m in this area, and the thickness of the weathered rock zone imaged with shallow seismic refraction is greater on N-facing slopes than S-facing slopes (Befus et al., 2011, Vadose Zone J.). We use the Brazilian splitting test to determine tensile strength of cores collected with a portable drilling rig. Spatial variations in rock strength that we measure in the top 2 m of the weathered rock mantle can be connected to two specific environmental variables: slope aspect and the presence of a soil mantle. We find weaker rock on N-facing slopes and under soil. There is no clear correlation between rock strength and the degree of chemical alteration in these minimally weathered rocks. Denudation rates of 20-30 microns/yr imply residence times of 105-106 years within the weathered rock layers of the critical zone. Given these timescales, rock weathering is more likely to have occurred under glacial climate conditions, when periglacial processes prevailed in this non-glaciated watershed. Incipient weathering of rock appears to be controlled by water and frost cracking in Gordon Gulch. Water is more effectively delivered to the subsurface on N-facing slopes, and is more likely held against rock surfaces under soil than on outcrops. These moisture conditions, and the lower surface temperatures that prevail on N-facing slopes also favor frost cracking as an important weathering process.

  19. [50 years of connective tissue research: from the French Connective Tissue Club to the French Society of Extracellular Matrix Biology].

    PubMed

    Maquart, François-Xavier; Borel, Jacques-Paul

    2012-01-01

    The history of connective tissue research began in the late 18th century. However, it is only 50 years later that the concept of connective tissue was shaped. It took another fifty years before biochemical knowledge of extracellular matrix macromolecules began to emerge in the first half of the 20th century. In 1962, thanks to Ladislas and Barbara Robert, back from the US, the first society called "French Connective Tissue Club" was created in Paris. The first board was constituted of Albert Delaunay, Suzanne Bazin and Ladislas Robert. Very quickly, under the influence of these pioneers, national and international meetings were organized and, in 1967, a "Federation of the European Connective Tissue Clubs" was created at the initiative of Ladislas Robert (Paris) and John Scott (Manchester). It spread rapidly to the major European nations. In 1982 the transformation of "Clubs" in "Societies" occurred, a name more in line with the requirements of the time. In 2008, the "French Connective Tissue Society" became the "French Society of Extracellular Matrix Biology" ("Société Française de Biologie de la Matrice Extracellulaire", SFBMEc), to better highlight the importance of the extracellular matrix in the biology of living organisms. The SFBMEc's mission today is to promote and develop scientific exchanges between academic, industrial, and hospital laboratories involved in research on the extracellular matrix. SFBMEc organizes or subsidizes scientific meetings and awards scholarships to Ph.D. students or post-docs to participate in international conferences. It includes 200 to 250 members from different disciplines, developing strong interactions between scientists, clinicians and pathologists. It is present all around the French territory in many research laboratories. During these last 50 years, the extraordinary advances made possible by the development of new investigation techniques, in particular molecular biology, cell and tissue imaging, molecular modeling

  20. EDITORIAL: Plasma Surface Interactions for Fusion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2006-05-01

    by researchers in fusion, material, and physical sciences. Representatives from many fusion research laboratories attended, and 25 talks were given, the majority of them making up the content of these Workshop proceedings. The presentations of all talks and further information on the Workshop are available at http://www-cfadc.phy.ornl.gov/psif/home.html. The workshop talks dealt with identification of needs from the perspective of integrated fusion simulation and ITER design, recent developments and perspectives on computation of plasma-facing surface properties using the current and expected new generation of computation capability, and with the status of dedicated laboratory experiments which characterize the underlying processes of PSIF. The Workshop summary and conclusions are being published in Nuclear Fusion 45 (2005). We are indebted to Lynda Saddiq and Fay Ownby, secretaries in the Physics Division of ORNL, whose special efforts, devotion, and expertise made possible both the Workshop and these Proceedings. J T Hogan, P S Krstic and F W Meyer Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6372, USA

  1. Comparison of vessel enhancement algorithms applied to Time-of-Flight MRA images for cerebrovascular segmentation.

    PubMed

    Phellan, Renzo; Forkert, Nils D

    2017-09-07

    Vessel enhancement algorithms are often used as a preprocessing step for vessel segmentation in medical images to improve the overall segmentation accuracy. Each algorithm uses different characteristics to enhance vessels, such that the most suitable algorithm may vary for different applications. This paper presents a comparative analysis of the accuracy gains in vessel segmentation generated by the use of nine vessel enhancement algorithms: Multiscale vesselness using the formulas described by Erdt (MSE), Frangi (MSF), and Sato (MSS), optimally oriented ux (OOF), ranking orientations responses path operator (RORPO), the regularized Perona-Malik approach (RPM), vessel enhanced diffusion (VED), hybrid diffusion with continuous switch (HDCS), and the white top hat algorithm (WTH). The filters were evaluated and compared based on time-of-flight MRA datasets and corresponding manual segmentations from _ve healthy subjects and ten patients with an arteriovenous malformation. Additionally, five synthetic angiographic datasets with corresponding ground truth segmentation were generated with three different noise levels (low, medium, high) and also used for comparison. The parameters for each algorithm and subsequent segmentation were optimized using leave-one-out cross evaluation. The Dice coefficient, Matthews correlation coefficient, area under the ROC curve, number of connected components, and true positives were used for comparison. The results of this study suggest that vessel enhancement algorithms do not always lead to more accurate segmentation results compared to segmenting non-enhanced images directly. Multiscale vesselness algorithms, such as MSE, MSF, and MSS proved to be robust to noise, while diffusion-based filters, such as RPM, VED, and HDCS ranked in the top of the list in scenarios with medium or no noise. Filters that assume tubular-shapes, such as MSE, MSF, MSS, OOF, RORPO, and VED show a decrease in accuracy when considering patients with an AVM

  2. Mixing in 3D Sparse Multi-Scale Grid Generated Turbulence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Usama, Syed; Kopec, Jacek; Tellez, Jackson; Kwiatkowski, Kamil; Redondo, Jose; Malik, Nadeem

    2017-04-01

    from the 3DSGT by the time of the conference. {Acknowledgements}: This work has been supported partly by the EuHIT grant, 'Turbulence Generated by Sparse 3D Multi-Scale Grid (M3SG)', 2017. {References} [1] S. Laizet, J. C. Vassilicos. DNS of Fractal-Generated Turbulence. Flow Turbulence Combust 87:673705, (2011). [2] N. A. Malik. Sparse 3D Multi-Scale Grid Turbulence Generator. USPTO Application no. 14/710,531, Patent Pending, (2015). [3] J. Tellez, M. Gomez, B. Russo, J.M. Redondo. Surface Flow Image Velocimetry (SFIV) for hydraulics applications. 18th Int. Symposium on the Application of Laser Imaging Techniques in Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, Portugal (2016).

  3. Network of Networks and the Climate System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kurths, Jürgen; Boers, Niklas; Bookhagen, Bodo; Donges, Jonathan; Donner, Reik; Malik, Nishant; Marwan, Norbert; Stolbova, Veronika

    2013-04-01

    Network of networks is a new direction in complex systems science. One can find such networks in various fields, such as infrastructure (power grids etc.), human brain or Earth system. Basic properties and new characteristics, such as cross-degree, or cross-betweenness will be discussed. This allows us to quantify the structural role of single vertices or whole sub-networks with respect to the interaction of a pair of subnetworks on local, mesoscopic, and global topological scales. Next, we consider an inverse problem: Is there a backbone-like structure underlying the climate system? For this we propose a method to reconstruct and analyze a complex network from data generated by a spatio-temporal dynamical system. This technique is then applied to 3-dimensional data of the climate system. We interpret different heights in the atmosphere as different networks and the whole as a network of networks. This approach enables us to uncover relations to global circulation patterns in oceans and atmosphere. The global scale view on climate networks offers promising new perspectives for detecting dynamical structures based on nonlinear physical processes in the climate system. This concept is applied to Indian Monsoon data in order to characterize the regional occurrence of strong rain events and its impact on predictability. References: Arenas, A., A. Diaz-Guilera, J. Kurths, Y. Moreno, and C. Zhou, Phys. Reports 2008, 469, 93. Donges, J., Y. Zou, N. Marwan, and J. Kurths, Europhys. Lett. 2009, 87, 48007. Donner, R., Y. Zou, J. Donges, N. Marwan, and J. Kurths, Phys. Rev. E 2010, 81, 015101(R ). Mokhov, I. I., D. A. Smirnov, P. I. Nakonechny, S. S. Kozlenko, E. P. Seleznev, and J. Kurths, Geophys. Res. Lett. 2011, 38, L00F04. Malik, N., B. Bookhagen, N. Marwan, and J. Kurths, Climate Dynamics, 2012, 39, 971. Donges, J., H. Schultz, N. Marwan, Y. Zou, J. Kurths, Eur. J. Phys. B 2011, 84, 635-651. Donges, J., R. Donner, M. Trauth, N. Marwan, H.J. Schellnhuber, and J. Kurths

  4. Inverting pupil illumination from resist-based measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perçin, Gokhan; Sezginer, Apo; Zach, Franz X.

    2006-03-01

    Computational models used in process proximity correction require accurate description of the pupil illumination function of the lithography projector. Traditional top-hat approximation for pupil illumination function is no longer sufficient to meet stringent CD control requirements of low-k1 applications. The pupil illumination profile can change across the exposure field, contributing to across-field linewidth variation. We present a measurement of the pupil illumination based on exposing pinhole patterns on a wafer at different dose and defocus settings, and processing SEM images of patterns printed in photoresist. The fundamental principle of the method is Abbe's formulation of image formation: the intensity-image formed in resist is an incoherent, linear superposition of images each one of which is formed by illuminating the photomask by a single plane-wave. A single plane-wave that is incident on the photomask maps to a single point in the Fourier-transform aperture of the illuminator. The pupil-fill of the illuminator is obtained from SEM images by a model-based method consisting of these steps: First, resist edges in the SEM images are detected by an edge detection algorithm based on Perona-Malik diffusion. Coordinates of the points on the resist edge are obtained with respect to a reference ruler. The image intensity at any resist edge is equal to the dose-to-clear. This provides an equation for the image intensity at each point on the edge of a pinhole image. Multiple values of dose and defocus, and multiple points on each resist edge provide a large system of equations. The result of the inversion for a 193nm 0.75 NA stepper with σ = 0.55/0.85 annular illumination at five exposure field locations is presented. The CD difference between the nominal top-hat illumination and the inverted illumination was up to 1.8 nm for 1:1 line and space features ranging from 100nm to 300nm. Variation of the illumination along the long-dimension of the slit of the

  5. 3D early embryogenesis image filtering by nonlinear partial differential equations.

    PubMed

    Krivá, Z; Mikula, K; Peyriéras, N; Rizzi, B; Sarti, A; Stasová, O

    2010-08-01

    We present nonlinear diffusion equations, numerical schemes to solve them and their application for filtering 3D images obtained from laser scanning microscopy (LSM) of living zebrafish embryos, with a goal to identify the optimal filtering method and its parameters. In the large scale applications dealing with analysis of 3D+time embryogenesis images, an important objective is a correct detection of the number and position of cell nuclei yielding the spatio-temporal cell lineage tree of embryogenesis. The filtering is the first and necessary step of the image analysis chain and must lead to correct results, removing the noise, sharpening the nuclei edges and correcting the acquisition errors related to spuriously connected subregions. In this paper we study such properties for the regularized Perona-Malik model and for the generalized mean curvature flow equations in the level-set formulation. A comparison with other nonlinear diffusion filters, like tensor anisotropic diffusion and Beltrami flow, is also included. All numerical schemes are based on the same discretization principles, i.e. finite volume method in space and semi-implicit scheme in time, for solving nonlinear partial differential equations. These numerical schemes are unconditionally stable, fast and naturally parallelizable. The filtering results are evaluated and compared first using the Mean Hausdorff distance between a gold standard and different isosurfaces of original and filtered data. Then, the number of isosurface connected components in a region of interest (ROI) detected in original and after the filtering is compared with the corresponding correct number of nuclei in the gold standard. Such analysis proves the robustness and reliability of the edge preserving nonlinear diffusion filtering for this type of data and lead to finding the optimal filtering parameters for the studied models and numerical schemes. Further comparisons consist in ability of splitting the very close objects which

  6. Albumin and Ricinus communis agglutinin decrease endothelial permeability via interactions with matrix.

    PubMed

    Qiao, R; Siflinger-Birnboim, A; Lum, H; Tiruppathi, C; Malik, A B

    1993-08-01

    We studied the effects of albumin and the lectin Ricinus communis agglutinin (RCA) on hydraulic conductivity (Lp) of bovine pulmonary microvascular endothelial cell monolayers (BPMVEC) because of the evidence that albumin and RCA can interfere with transendothelial albumin permeability (Siflinger-Birnboim, A., J. Schnitzer, H. Lum, F. Blumenstock, C. Shen, P. Del Vecchio, and A. Malik. J. Cell. Physiol. 149: 575-584, 1991). BPMVEC were seeded on microporous polycarbonate filters, and the liquid flux was measured by collecting effluent into a tubing of known inner diameter at transendothelial hydrostatic pressures (P) ranging from 5 to 20 cmH2O. Lp was calculated as the slope of the relationship of liquid flux per unit surface area (Jv) vs. P. Addition of RCA (50 micrograms/ml) or albumin (5 mg/ml) to the endothelial cell medium containing albumin-free Hanks' balanced saline solution (HBSS) decreased total Lp (expressed x 10(-6) cm.s-1 x cmH2O-1) from 17.2 +/- 3.6 during HBSS to 4.7 +/- 0.9 during albumin and 5.7 +/- 1.6 during RCA (P < 0.01 for both). The RCA effect, but not that of albumin, was prevented by the addition of D-galactose (0.1 M) (the cognate hapten monosaccharide of RCA). We determined the contribution of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in decreasing the Lp by obtaining ECM after treatment of the monolayers with 0.025 M NH4OH to detach endothelial cells from the ECM. Basal ECM Lp (expressed x 10(-6) cm.s-1 x cmH2O-1) was 57.0 +/- 15.3, and it decreased to 19.7 +/- 4.3 and 17.5 +/- 2.9 during RCA and albumin, respectively (P < 0.01 for both). In contrast, RCA and albumin did not alter the filter Lp values. Another lectin, Ulex europaeus agglutinin, and the protein immunoglobulin G had no effect on Lp values.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  7. A non-Linear transport model for determining shale rock characteristics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ali, Iftikhar; Malik, Nadeem

    2016-04-01

    Unconventional hydrocarbon reservoirs consist of tight porous rocks which are characterised by nano-scale size porous networks with ultra-low permeability [1,2]. Transport of gas through them is not well understood at the present time, and realistic transport models are needed in order to determine rock properties and for estimating future gas pressure distribution in the reservoirs. Here, we consider a recently developed non-linear gas transport equation [3], ∂p-+ U ∂p- = D ∂2p-, t > 0, (1) ∂t ∂x ∂x2 complimented with suitable initial and boundary conditions, in order to determine shale rock properties such as the permeability K, the porosity φ and the tortuosity, τ. In our new model, the apparent convection velocity, U = U(p,px), and the apparent diffusivity D = D(p), are both highly non-linear functions of the pressure. The model incorporate various flow regimes (slip, surface diffusion, transition, continuum) based upon the Knudsen number Kn, and also includes Forchchiemers turbulence correction terms. In application, the model parameters and associated compressibility factors are fully pressure dependent, giving the model more realism than previous models. See [4]. Rock properties are determined by solving an inverse problem, with model parameters adjustment to minimise the error between the model simulation and available data. It is has been found that the proposed model performs better than previous models. Results and details of the model will be presented at the conference. Corresponding author: namalik@kfupm.edu.sa and nadeem_malik@cantab.net References [1] Cui, X., Bustin, A.M. and Bustin, R., "Measurements of gas permeability and diffusivity of tight reservoir rocks: different approaches and their applications", Geofluids 9, 208-223 (2009). [2] Chiba R., Fomin S., Chugunov V., Niibori Y. and Hashida T., "Numerical Simulation of Non Fickian Diffusion and Advection in a Fractured Porous Aquifer", AIP Conference Proceedings 898, 75 (2007

  8. Automated science target selection for future Mars rovers: A machine vision approach for the future ESA ExoMars 2018 rover mission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tao, Yu; Muller, Jan-Peter

    2013-04-01

    The ESA ExoMars 2018 rover is planned to perform autonomous science target selection (ASTS) using the approaches described in [1]. However, the approaches shown to date have focused on coarse features rather than the identification of specific geomorphological units. These higher-level "geoobjects" can later be employed to perform intelligent reasoning or machine learning. In this work, we show the next stage in the ASTS through examples displaying the identification of bedding planes (not just linear features in rock-face images) and the identification and discrimination of rocks in a rock-strewn landscape (not just rocks). We initially detect the layers and rocks in 2D processing via morphological gradient detection [1] and graph cuts based segmentation [2] respectively. To take this further requires the retrieval of 3D point clouds and the combined processing of point clouds and images for reasoning about the scene. An example is the differentiation of rocks in rover images. This will depend on knowledge of range and range-order of features. We show demonstrations of these "geo-objects" using MER and MSL (released through the PDS) as well as data collected within the EU-PRoViScout project (http://proviscout.eu). An initial assessment will be performed of the automated "geo-objects" using the OpenSource StereoViewer developed within the EU-PRoViSG project (http://provisg.eu) which is released in sourceforge. In future, additional 3D measurement tools will be developed within the EU-FP7 PRoViDE2 project, which started on 1.1.13. References: [1] M. Woods, A. Shaw, D. Barnes, D. Price, D. Long, D. Pullan, (2009) "Autonomous Science for an ExoMars Rover-Like Mission", Journal of Field Robotics Special Issue: Special Issue on Space Robotics, Part II, Volume 26, Issue 4, pages 358-390. [2] J. Shi, J. Malik, (2000) "Normalized Cuts and Image Segmentation", IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Volume 22. [3] D. Shin, and J.-P. Muller (2009

  9. Self-Organized Biological Dynamics and Nonlinear Control

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walleczek, Jan

    2006-04-01

    The frontiers and challenges of biodynamics research Jan Walleczek; Part I. Nonlinear Dynamics in Biology and Response to Stimuli: 1. External signals and internal oscillation dynamics - principal aspects and response of stimulated rhythmic processes Friedemann Kaiser; 2. Nonlinear dynamics in biochemical and biophysical systems: from enzyme kinetics to epilepsy Raima Larter, Robert Worth and Brent Speelman; 3. Fractal mechanisms in neural control: human heartbeat and gait dynamics in health and disease Chung-Kang Peng, Jeffrey M. Hausdorff and Ary L. Goldberger; 4. Self-organising dynamics in human coordination and perception Mingzhou Ding, Yanqing Chen, J. A. Scott Kelso and Betty Tuller; 5. Signal processing in biochemical reaction networks Adam P. Arkin; Part II. Nonlinear Sensitivity of Biological Systems to Electromagnetic Stimuli: 6. Electrical signal detection and noise in systems with long-range coherence Paul C. Gailey; 7. Oscillatory signals in migrating neutrophils: effects of time-varying chemical and electrical fields Howard R. Petty; 8. Enzyme kinetics and nonlinear biochemical amplification in response to static and oscillating magnetic fields Jan Walleczek and Clemens F. Eichwald; 9. Magnetic field sensitivity in the hippocampus Stefan Engström, Suzanne Bawin and W. Ross Adey; Part III. Stochastic Noise-Induced Dynamics and Transport in Biological Systems: 10. Stochastic resonance: looking forward Frank Moss; 11. Stochastic resonance and small-amplitude signal transduction in voltage-gated ion channels Sergey M. Bezrukov and Igor Vodyanoy; 12. Ratchets, rectifiers and demons: the constructive role of noise in free energy and signal transduction R. Dean Astumian; 13. Cellular transduction of periodic and stochastic energy signals by electroconformational coupling Tian Y. Tsong; Part IV. Nonlinear Control of Biological and Other Excitable Systems: 14. Controlling chaos in dynamical systems Kenneth Showalter; 15. Electromagnetic fields and biological

  10. Non-discursive expressive elements and their role in the construction of meaning in the analytical situation. A clinical discussion.

    PubMed

    De Lima, Estevam Vaz

    2002-02-01

    The author discusses the role of non-discursive expressive elements in the construction of the analytical situation, using three examples to illustrate the problems with which he is concerned. His claim is that the issue in question necessarily involves the subject of affects, and he proceeds to discuss the difficulties associated with this subject. In addition, he considers the contributions of Green and Imbasciati, and Kleinian developments of this theme, including also the contributions of Bion--in particular the latter's theories concerning thought, in which emotion comes to assume an essential place in the origin of thinking. The author resumes the discussion by taking up his clinical examples, using them to put forward the view that non-discursive expressive elements may well play a decisive role in the construction of meaning in the analytical situation. He suggests also that the meaning of an emotional experience may be thought of as a construction contributed to by a number of symbolic forms which both interfere with and interact with the symbolic system of language. Following examination of his third example, the author reflects on 'musicality', a notion sometimes referred to informally in clinical data in connection with the 'emotional climate' of the session. He proposes that the complex problem of meaning in music be extended to cover the construction of meaning in the psychoanalytic setting, and in so doing returns to ideas put forward by Suzanne Langer. His underlying view here is that essential elements of the musical phenomenon and essential elements of particular forms of emotional life give rise to the same emotional matrices--perhaps to what Meltzer calls 'musical deep grammar'. Finally, the author considers various symbolic forms that contribute to the particular configuration of analytical situations, suggesting that the mental condition of 'free-floating attention' requires the broad availability to the analyst's mind of a multiplicity of

  11. PREFACE: The first meeting of the APS Topical Group on Hadronic Physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barnes, Ted; Godfrey, Steve; Petrov, Alexey A.; Swanson, Eric

    2005-01-01

    proceedings at no cost to the topical group. The efforts of the session organizers and chairs, which were crucial for the smooth operation of the conference, are also gratefully acknowledged. Finally, we were extremely fortunate to have the local assistance of Cynthia Sazama and Suzanne Weber at Fermilab, who dealt with the many details of conference organization with good cheer, exemplary competence and unstinting loyalty, even to the extent of sacrificing their weekends. We hope that this first GHP conference has been a useful contribution to the field of hadron physics, and that it may encourage the organization of subsequent APS conferences on this diverse, challenging and fascinating field.

  12. Applying the Science of Science Communication to Climate Change and Clean Energy: Lessons Learned from the NSF- and PBS-supported "Earth: The Operators' Manual"

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haines-Stiles, G.; Akuginow, E.; Sanford, C.

    2014-12-01

    Yale legal scholar and professor of psychology Dan Kahan has criticized the climate change science community for not applying what's known about effective communications strategies to topics with potentially controversial content. "Earth: The Operators' Manual," funded by NSF's Informal Science Education program and appearing on PBS was hosted by Penn State geoscientist Richard Alley. From the initial proposal forward into airing on public television in 2011 and 2012, ETOM aimed to be authoritative and apolitical while still being engaging to general audiences. Based on social scientific insights from project Advisor, Suzanne Moser, and others, ETOM aimed to avoid "climate porn" scare tactics and over-used footage, and to enlist a diverse group of "messengers" in addition to Alley. An important design criterion was to give equal time to clean energy solutions while pulling no punches as to the consensus findings of leading climate scientists. With the ETOM project now completed and final reports submitted to NSF, what results can be shared to inform future efforts? And how did ETOM compare in audience impact with other major media efforts such as Al Gore's "An Inconvenient Truth" or Showtime's more recent "Years of Living Dangerously"? Results reported draw on the external evaluation by Rockman Et Al, and include both quantitative and qualitative data. Key findings are the importance of including Texan ranchers enthusiastic about wind power alongside Navy Admirals adamant that climate change is human-caused and Marines implementing solar energy to reduce casualties incurred while transporting fossil fuels. In-person presentations by Alley and others at science centers served as de facto focus groups for scripting the TV programs, along with actual focus groups convened by Rockman. The 3rd program, ENERGY QUEST USA, documented 5 quite different communities, from Alaska to Forth Worth, Baltimore, Portland and Kansas, all using competition, local values, and economic

  13. Changing families, changing workplaces.

    PubMed

    Bianchi, Suzanne M

    2011-01-01

    American families and workplaces have both changed dramatically over the past half-century. Paid work by women has increased sharply, as has family instability. Education-related inequality in work hours and income has grown. These changes, says Suzanne Bianchi, pose differing work-life issues for parents at different points along the income distribution. Between 1975 and 2009, the labor force rate of mothers with children under age eighteen increased from 47.4 percent to 71.6 percent. Mothers today also return to work much sooner after the birth of a child than did mothers half a century ago. High divorce rates and a sharp rise in the share of births to unmarried mothers mean that more children are being raised by a single parent, usually their mother. Workplaces too have changed, observes Bianchi. Today's employees increasingly work nonstandard hours. The well-being of highly skilled workers and less-skilled workers has been diverging. For the former, work hours may be long, but income has soared. For lower-skill workers, the lack of "good jobs" disconnects fathers from family obligations. Men who cannot find work or have low earnings potential are much less likely to marry. For low-income women, many of whom are single parents, the work-family dilemma is how to care adequately for children and work enough hours to support them financially. Jobs for working-class and lower middle-class workers are relatively stable, except in economic downturns, but pay is low, and both parents must work full time to make ends meet. Family income is too high to qualify for government subsidized child care, but too low to afford high-quality care in the private market. These families struggle to have a reasonable family life and provide for their family's economic well-being. Bianchi concludes that the "work and family" problem has no one solution because it is not one problem. Some workers need more work and more money. Some need to take time off around the birth of a child

  14. CMA Announces the 1996 Responsible Care Catalyst Awards Winners

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1996-06-01

    Eighteen exceptional teachers of science, chemical technology, chemistry, and chemical engineering have been selected to receive a Responsible Care Chemical Manufacturers Association's 1996 Catalyst Award. The Responsible Care Catalyst Awards Program honors individuals who have the ability to inspire students toward careers in chemistry and science-related fields through their excellent teaching ability in and out of the classroom. The program also seeks to draw public attention to the importance of quality chemistry and science teaching at the undergraduate level. Since the award was established in 1957, 502 teachers of science, chemistry, and chemical engineering have been honored. Winners are selected from a wide range of nominations submitted by colleagues, friends, and administrators. All pre-high school, high school, two and four-year college, or university teachers in the United States and Canada are eligible. Each award winner will be presented with a medal and citation. National award winners receive 5,000; regional award winners receive 2,500. National Winners. Martin N. Ackermann, Oberlin College, Oberlin, OH Kenneth R. Jolls, Iowa State University, Ames, IA Suzanne Zobrist Kelly, Warren H. Meeker Elementary School, Ames, IA John V. Kenkel, Southeast Community College, Lincoln, NE George C. Lisensky, Beloit College, Beloit, WI James M. McBride, Yale University, New Haven, CT Marie C. Sherman, Ursuline Academy, St. Louis, MO Dwight D. Sieggreen, Cooke Middle School, Northville, MI Regional Winners Two-Year College. East-Georgianna Whipple-VanPatter, Central Community College, Hastings, NE West-David N. Barkan, Northwest College, Powell, WY High School. East-John Hnatow, Jr., Emmaus High School, Northampton, PA South-Carole Bennett, Gaither High School, Tampa, FL Midwest-Kenneth J. Spengler, Palatine High School, Palatine, IL West-Ruth Rand, Albuquerque, Albuquerque, NM Middle School. East-Thomas P. Kelly, Grandville Public Schools, Grandville, NH

  15. Intermittency and Topology of Shock Induced Mixing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tellez, Jackson; Redondo, Jose M.; Ben Mahjoub, Otman; Malik, Nadeem; Vila, Teresa

    2016-04-01

    , University of Cambridge. Cambridge [3] Redondo J.M. (1996) Vertical microstructure and mixing in stratified flows. Advances in Turbulence VI. Eds. S. Gavrilakis et al. 605-608. [4] Redondo J.M.,M.A. Sanchez y R. Castilla (2000) Vortical structures in stratified turbulent flows, Turbulent diffusion in the environment. Eds. Redondo J.M. and Babiano A. 113-120. [5] Mahjoub, O. B., Babiano A. and Redondo, J. M.: Structure functions in complex flows, Flow, Turbulence and Combustion, 59,299-313, 1998. [6] Malik, N.A. Vassilicos, J.C. 1999 A Lagrangian model of turbulent dispersion with turbulent-like flow structure: comparison with direct numerical simulation for two-particle statistics. Phys. Fluids, 11, 1572-1580. [7] Fung, J.C.H., Hunt, J.C.R., Malik, N.A. and Perkins, R.J.(1992. Kinematic simulation of homogeneous turbulence by unsteady random Fourier modes. J. Fluid Mech.236-281. [8] Tarquis, A. M., Platonov, A., Matulka, A., Grau, J., Sekula, E., Diez, M., & Redondo, J. M. (2014). Application of multifractal analysis to the study of SAR features and oil spills on the ocean surface. Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 21(2), 439-450. [9] Fraunie, P., Berreba, S., Chashechkin, Y. D., Velasco, D., & Redondo, J. M. (2008). Large eddy simulation and laboratory experiments on the decay of grid wakes in strongly stratified flows. Nuovo Cimento C, 31, 909-930.

  16. Complex Networks Dynamics Based on Events-Phase Synchronization and Intensity Correlation Applied to The Anomaly Patterns and Extremes in The Tropical African Climate System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oluoch, K.; Marwan, N.; Trauth, M.; Loew, A.; Kurths, J.

    2012-04-01

    The African continent lie almost entirely within the tropics and as such its (tropical) climate systems are predominantly governed by the heterogeneous, spatial and temporal variability of the Hadley and Walker circulations. The variabilities in these meridional and zonal circulations lead to intensification or suppression of the intensities, durations and frequencies of the Inter-tropical Convergence Zone (ICTZ) migration, trade winds and subtropical high-pressure regions and the continental monsoons. The above features play a central role in determining the African rainfall spatial and temporal variability patterns. The current understanding of these climate features and their influence on the rainfall patterns is not sufficiently understood. Like many real-world systems, atmospheric-oceanic processes exhibit non-linear properties that can be better explored using non-linear (NL) methods of time-series analysis. Over the recent years, the complex network approach has evolved as a powerful new player in understanding spatio-temporal dynamics and evolution of complex systems. Together with NL techniques, it is continuing to find new applications in many areas of science and technology including climate research. We would like to use these two powerful methods to understand the spatial structure and dynamics of African rainfall anomaly patterns and extremes. The method of event synchronization (ES) developed by Quiroga et al., 2002 and first applied to climate networks by Malik et al., 2011 looks at correlations with a dynamic time lag and as such, it is a more intuitive way to correlate a complex and heterogeneous system like climate networks than a fixed time delay most commonly used. On the other hand, the short comings of ES is its lack of vigorous test statistics for the significance level of the correlations, and the fact that only the events' time indices are synchronized while all information about how the relative intensities propagate within network

  17. Improved description of one- and two-hole excitations after electron capture in 163Ho and the determination of the neutrino mass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Faessler, Amand; Šimkovic, F.

    2015-04-01

    The atomic pair 163Ho and 163Dy , because of its small Q value of about 2.5 keV, seems to be the best pair to use to determine the neutrino mass by electron capture. The bolometer spectrum measures the full deexcitation energy of dysprosium (by x rays and Auger electrons plus the recoil of holmium, which can be neglected). The spectrum has an upper limit given by the Q value minus the neutrino mass. Till now this spectrum has been calculated in dysprosium allowing excitations with 3 s1 /2 , 3 p1 /2 , 4 s1 /2 , 4 p1 /2 , 5 s1 /2 , and 5 p1 /2 (and 6 s1 /2 ) holes only. Robertson [R. G. H. Robertson, arXiv:1411.2906v1] also recently calculated the spectrum with two-electron-hole excitations in Dy. He took the probability for the excitation for the second electron hole from the work of Carlson and Nestor [T. A. Carlson, C. W. Nestor, T. C. Tucker, and F. B. Malik, Phys. Rev. 169, 27 (1968), 10.1103/PhysRev.169.27; T. A. Carlson and C. W. Nestor, Phys. Rev. A 8, 2887 (1973) 10.1103/PhysRevA.8.2887] for Z =54 xenon. The neutrino mass must finally be obtained by a simultaneous fit of the Q value, together with the properties of the relevant resonances, and the neutrino mass to the the upper end of the spectrum. Under the assumption that only one resonance (independent of its nature: one-hole, two-hole, multihole, or of other origin) near the Q value determines the upper end of the spectrum and that the profile of this leading state is Lorentzian, one has to fit simultaneously four parameters (neutrino mass, strength, distance of the leading resonance to the Q value, and width). If more than one resonance is of comparable importance for the upper end of the spectrum, it might be difficult or even impossible to extract the neutrino mass reliably. Compared to the work of Robertson this work includes the following improvements. (i) The two-hole probabilities are calculated in the Dirac-Hartree-Fock (DHF) approach for holmium and dysprosium but not for xenon. (ii) In

  18. Monte Carlo studies of model Langmuir monolayers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Opps, S. B.; Yang, B.; Gray, C. G.; Sullivan, D. E.

    2001-04-01

    This paper examines some of the basic properties of a model Langmuir monolayer, consisting of surfactant molecules deposited onto a water subphase. The surfactants are modeled as rigid rods composed of a head and tail segment of diameters σhh and σtt, respectively. The tails consist of nt~4-7 effective monomers representing methylene groups. These rigid rods interact via site-site Lennard-Jones potentials with different interaction parameters for the tail-tail, head-tail, and head-head interactions. In a previous paper, we studied the ground-state properties of this system using a Landau approach. In the present paper, Monte Carlo simulations were performed in the canonical ensemble to elucidate the finite-temperature behavior of this system. Simulation techniques, incorporating a system of dynamic filters, allow us to decrease CPU time with negligible statistical error. This paper focuses on several of the key parameters, such as density, head-tail diameter mismatch, and chain length, responsible for driving transitions from uniformly tilted to untilted phases and between different tilt-ordered phases. Upon varying the density of the system, with σhh=σtt, we observe a transition from a tilted (NNN)-condensed phase to an untilted-liquid phase and, upon comparison with recent experiments with fatty acid-alcohol and fatty acid-ester mixtures [M. C. Shih, M. K. Durbin, A. Malik, P. Zschack, and P. Dutta, J. Chem. Phys. 101, 9132 (1994); E. Teer, C. M. Knobler, C. Lautz, S. Wurlitzer, J. Kildae, and T. M. Fischer, J. Chem. Phys. 106, 1913 (1997)], we identify this as the L'2/Ov-L1 phase boundary. By varying the head-tail diameter ratio, we observe a decrease in Tc with increasing mismatch. However, as the chain length was increased we observed that the transition temperatures increased and differences in Tc due to head-tail diameter mismatch were diminished. In most of the present research, the water was treated as a hard surface, whereby the surfactants are only

  19. Numerical simulations of the impact of hydraulic anisotropy and anthropogenic activities on the complex hydrogeological system of the Lower Yarmouk Gorge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tzoufka, Kalliopi; Siebert, Christian; Rödiger, Tino; Inbar, Nimrod; Shalev, Eyal; Möller, Peter; Raggad, Marwan; Rosenthal, Eliahu; Magri, Fabien

    2017-04-01

    profile. Most significantly, the existence of a zone of anisotropic hydraulic conductivity at the LYG, as suggested above, is supported. Sensitivity analysis of the heterogeneous permeability zone (ranging between 1e-7 m/s and 1e-10 m/s) simultaneously displayed hydraulic connectivity and prevented fluid flux occurrence between the northern and southern LYG flanks. Within the studied aquifer system, aquifer topography directs groundwater flow towards the LYG (N-S and S-N). Once groundwaters reach the zone of hydraulic anisotropy the direction is diverted westwards, towards the Lower Jordan Valley. A final finding pointed to the inadequate size of the A7/B2 drainage basin south of the LYG as the Mukheibeh well field requires a larger drainage area. References Magri, F., Inbar, N., Siebert, C., Rosenthal, E., Guttman, J., Möller, P., 2015. Transient simulations of large-scale hydrogeological processes causing temperature and salinity anomalies in the Tiberias Basin. Journal of Hydrology 520, 342-355. Shalev, E., Malik, U., Lutzky, H., 2015, Monitoring and analysis of water levels and pumping data from Meizar wells, Geological Survey of Israel report, GSI/07/2015 (in Hebrew). Siebert, C., Möller, P., Geyer, S., Kraushaar, S., Dulski, P., Guttman, J., Subah, A., Rödiger, T., 2014. Thermal waters in the Lower Yarmouk Gorge and their relation to surrounding aquifers. Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry 74, 425-441

  20. Monte Carlo studies of model Langmuir monolayers.

    PubMed

    Opps, S B; Yang, B; Gray, C G; Sullivan, D E

    2001-04-01

    This paper examines some of the basic properties of a model Langmuir monolayer, consisting of surfactant molecules deposited onto a water subphase. The surfactants are modeled as rigid rods composed of a head and tail segment of diameters sigma(hh) and sigma(tt), respectively. The tails consist of n(t) approximately 4-7 effective monomers representing methylene groups. These rigid rods interact via site-site Lennard-Jones potentials with different interaction parameters for the tail-tail, head-tail, and head-head interactions. In a previous paper, we studied the ground-state properties of this system using a Landau approach. In the present paper, Monte Carlo simulations were performed in the canonical ensemble to elucidate the finite-temperature behavior of this system. Simulation techniques, incorporating a system of dynamic filters, allow us to decrease CPU time with negligible statistical error. This paper focuses on several of the key parameters, such as density, head-tail diameter mismatch, and chain length, responsible for driving transitions from uniformly tilted to untilted phases and between different tilt-ordered phases. Upon varying the density of the system, with sigma(hh)=sigma(tt), we observe a transition from a tilted (NNN)-condensed phase to an untilted-liquid phase and, upon comparison with recent experiments with fatty acid-alcohol and fatty acid-ester mixtures [M. C. Shih, M. K. Durbin, A. Malik, P. Zschack, and P. Dutta, J. Chem. Phys. 101, 9132 (1994); E. Teer, C. M. Knobler, C. Lautz, S. Wurlitzer, J. Kildae, and T. M. Fischer, J. Chem. Phys. 106, 1913 (1997)], we identify this as the L'(2)/Ov-L1 phase boundary. By varying the head-tail diameter ratio, we observe a decrease in T(c) with increasing mismatch. However, as the chain length was increased we observed that the transition temperatures increased and differences in T(c) due to head-tail diameter mismatch were diminished. In most of the present research, the water was treated as a hard