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Sample records for magnetospheric radio emissions

  1. Radio emission in Mercury magnetosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Varela, J.; Reville, V.; Brun, A. S.; Pantellini, F.; Zarka, P.

    2016-10-01

    Context. Active stars possess magnetized wind that has a direct impact on planets that can lead to radio emission. Mercury is a good test case to study the effect of the solar wind and interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) on radio emission driven in the planet magnetosphere. Such studies could be used as proxies to characterize the magnetic field topology and intensity of exoplanets. Aims: The aim of this study is to quantify the radio emission in the Hermean magnetosphere. Methods: We use the magnetohydrodynamic code PLUTO in spherical coordinates with an axisymmetric multipolar expansion for the Hermean magnetic field, to analyze the effect of the IMF orientation and intensity, as well as the hydrodynamic parameters of the solar wind (velocity, density and temperature), on the net power dissipated on the Hermean day and night side. We apply the formalism derived by Zarka et al. (2001, Astrophys. Space Sci., 277, 293), Zarka (2007, Planet. Space Sci., 55, 598) to infer the radio emission level from the net dissipated power. We perform a set of simulations with different hydrodynamic parameters of the solar wind, IMF orientations and intensities, that allow us to calculate the dissipated power distribution and infer the existence of radio emission hot spots on the planet day side, and to calculate the integrated radio emission of the Hermean magnetosphere. Results: The obtained radio emission distribution of dissipated power is determined by the IMF orientation (associated with the reconnection regions in the magnetosphere), although the radio emission strength is dependent on the IMF intensity and solar wind hydro parameters. The calculated total radio emission level is in agreement with the one estimated in Zarka et al. (2001, Astrophys. Space Sci., 277, 293) , between 5 × 105 and 2 × 106 W.

  2. An Interpretation of Banded Magnetospheric Radio Emissions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Benson, Robert F.; Osherovich, V. A.; Fainberg, J.; Vinas, A. F.; Ruppert, D. R.; Vondrak, Richard R. (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    Recently-published Active Magnetospheric Particle Tracer Explorer/Isothermal Remanent Magnetization (AMPTE/IRM) banded magnetospheric emissions, commonly referred to as '(n + 1/2)f(sub ce)' emissions where f(sub ce) is the electron gyrofrequency, are analyzed by treating them as analogous to sounder-stimulated ionospheric emissions. We show that both individual AMPTE/IRM spectra of magnetospheric banded emissions, and a statistically-derived spectra observed over the two-year lifetime of the mission, can be interpreted in a self-consistent manner. The analysis, which predicts all spectral peaks within 4% of the observed peaks, interprets the higher-frequency emissions as due to low group-velocity Bernstein-mode waves and the lower-frequency emissions as eigen modes of cylindrical-electromagnetic-plasma-oscillations. The demarcation between these two classes of emissions is the electron plasma frequency f(sub pe), where an emission is often observed. This f(sub pe), emission is not necessarily the strongest. None of the observed banded emissions were attributed to the upper-hybrid frequency. We present Alouette-2 and ISIS-1 plasma-resonance data, and model electron temperature (T(sub e)) values, to support the argument that the frequency-spectrum of ionospheric sounder-stimulated emissions is not strongly temperature dependent and thus that the interpretation of these emissions in the ionosphere is relevant to other plasmas (such as the magnetosphere) where N(sub e) and T(sub e) can be quite different but where the ratio f(sub pe)/f(sub ce) is identical.

  3. Planetary and stellar auroral magnetospheric radio emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Speirs, David; Cairns, Robert A.; Bingham, Robert; Kellett, Barry J.; McConville, Sandra L.; Gillespie, Karen M.; Vorgul, Irena; Phelps, Alan D. R.; Cross, Adrian W.; Ronald, Kevin

    2012-10-01

    A variety of astrophysical radio emissions have been identified to date in association with non-uniform magnetic fields and accelerated particle streams [1]. Such sources are spectrally well defined and for the planetary cases [1,2] show a high degree of extraordinary (X-mode) polarisation within the source region. It is now widely accepted that these emissions are generated by an electron cyclotron-maser instability driven by a horseshoe shaped electron velocity distribution. Although the generation mechanism is well established, a satisfactory explanation does not yet exist for the observed field aligned beaming of the radiation out-with the source region [2]. In the current context, the results of PiC simulations will be presented investigating the spatial growth of the horseshoe-maser instability in an unbounded interaction geometry, with a view to studying the wave vector of emission, spectral properties and RF conversion efficiency. In particular, the potential for backward-wave coupling is investigated as a viable precursor to a model of upward refraction and field-aligned beaming of the radiation [3].[4pt] [1] A.P. Zarka, Advances in Space Research, 12, pp. 99 (1992).[0pt] [2] R.E. Ergun et al., Astrophys. J., 538, pp. 456 (2000)[0pt] [3] J.D. Menietti et al., J. Geophys. Res., 116, A12219 (2011).

  4. Saturn's Radio Emissions and their Relation to Magnetospheric Dynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jackman, C. M.

    With the arrival of the Cassini spacecraft at Saturn in July 2004, there have been quasi-continuous observations of Saturn Kilometric Radiation (SKR) emissions. In this paper we review the response of these emissions to dynamics in Saturn's magnetosphere, driven by factors internal and external to the system. We begin by reviewing solar wind data upstream of Saturn and discuss the link between solar wind compressions and dynamics in Saturn's magnetosphere, evidenced by intensifications and occasional phase changes in the SKR emission. We then review the link between magnetotail reconnection and planetary radio emissions. We begin in the well-sampled magnetotail of Earth and then move to Saturn where exploration of the nightside magnetosphere has revealed evidence of plasmoid-like magnetic structures and other phenomena indicative of the kronian equivalent of terrestrial substorms. In general, there is a good correlation between the timing of reconnection events and enhancements in the SKR emission, coupled with extension of the emission to lower frequencies. We interpret this as growth of the radio source region to higher altitudes along the field lines, stimulated by increased precipitation of energetic electrons into the auroral zones following reconnection. We also comment on the observation that the majority of reconnection events occur at SKR phases where the SKR power would be expected to be rising with time, indicating that reconnection is most likely to occur at a preferred phase. We conclude with a summary of the current knowledge of the link between Saturn's magnetospheric dynamics and SKR emissions, and list a number of open questions to be addressed in the future.

  5. Observation of HF radio emission bursts of magnetospheric origin at mid latitudes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dudnik, O. V.

    1999-01-01

    Results of the observations of high frequency radio noises of magnetospheric origin at 150 MHz in 1993 are presented. The radio receiving channel for the registration of radio noises at mid latitudes and the method of data processing are described. Perturbations necessary for generation of radio emission are shown to be transported by irregularities of high-speed solar wind streams toward the Earth's magnetosphere. The possible mechanism of radio bursts generation by precipitating energetic electrons from the Earth's radiation belts during the magnetospheric storms is discussed.

  6. Radio Emission by Particles Accelerated in Pulsar Magnetosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thomas, R. M. C.; Gangadhara, R. T.

    2003-03-01

    We present a relativistic model of pulsar radio emission by plasma accelerated along the rotating magnetic field lines projected on to a 2D plane perpendicular to the rotation axis. We have derived the expression for the trajectory of a particle, and estimated the spectrum of radio emission by the plasma bunches. We used the parameters given in the paper by Peyman and Gangadhara (2002). Further the analystical expressions for the Stokes parameters are derived, and compared them with the observed profiles. The one sense of circular polarization, observed in many pulsars, can be explained in the light of our model.

  7. LOFAR Search for Magnetospheric Radio Emissions from Exoplanet HD 80606b

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Winterhalter, D.; Lazio, J.; Hartman, J.; Majid, W.; Farrell, W. M.; Splitter, L.; Kuiper, T.

    2013-05-01

    This paper describes observations (LOFAR Cycle 0) targeting magnetospheric radio emission from the exoplanet HD 80606b during a periastron passage. Its orbit is among the most eccentric known, meaning that it is naturally exposed to a wide range of stellar wind strengths, which should modulate its radio emission. Further, the high orbital eccentricity suggests that it is in a state of pseudo-synchronous rotation, leading to a relatively robust estimate of its characteristic emission frequency. It may be among the most promising planets for the direct detection of radio emission.

  8. Theories of radio emissions and plasma waves. [in Jupiter magnetosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Goldstein, M. L.; Goertz, C. K.

    1983-01-01

    The complex region of Jupiter's radio emissions at decameter wavelengths, the so-called DAM, is considered, taking into account the basic theoretical ideas which underly both the older and newer theories and models. Linear theories are examined, giving attention to direct emission mechanisms, parallel propagation, perpendicular propagation, and indirect emission mechanisms. An investigation of nonlinear theories is also conducted. Three-wave interactions are discussed along with decay instabilities, and three-wave up-conversio. Aspects of the Io and plasma torus interaction are studied, and a mechanism by which Io can accelerate electrons is reviewed.

  9. Theories of radio emissions and plasma waves. [in Jupiter magnetosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Goldstein, M. L.; Goertz, C. K.

    1983-01-01

    The complex region of Jupiter's radio emissions at decameter wavelengths, the so-called DAM, is considered, taking into account the basic theoretical ideas which underly both the older and newer theories and models. Linear theories are examined, giving attention to direct emission mechanisms, parallel propagation, perpendicular propagation, and indirect emission mechanisms. An investigation of nonlinear theories is also conducted. Three-wave interactions are discussed along with decay instabilities, and three-wave up-conversio. Aspects of the Io and plasma torus interaction are studied, and a mechanism by which Io can accelerate electrons is reviewed.

  10. Radio emission observed by Galileo in the inner Jovian magnetosphere during orbit A-34

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Menietti, J. Douglas; Gurnett, Donald A.; Groene, Joseph B.

    2005-10-01

    The Galileo spacecraft encountered the inner magnetosphere of Jupiter on its way to a flyby of Amalthea on November 5, 2002. During this encounter, the spacecraft observed distinct spin modulation of plasma wave emissions. The modulations occurred in the frequency range from a few hundred hertz to a few hundred kilohertz and probably include at least two distinct wave modes. Assuming transverse EM radiation, we have used the swept-frequency receivers of the electric dipole antenna to determine the direction to the source of these emissions. Additionally, with knowledge of the magnetic field some constraints are placed on the wave mode of the emission based on a comparative analysis of the wave power versus spin phase of the different emissions. The emission appears in several bands separated by attenuation lanes. The analysis indicates that the lanes are probably due to blockage of the freely propagating emission by high density regions of the Io torus near the magnetic equator. Radio emission at lower frequencies (<40 kHz) appears to emanate from sources at high latitude and is not attenuated. Emission at f>80kHz is consistent with O-mode and Z-mode. Lower frequency emissions could be a mixture of O-mode, Z-mode and whistler mode. Emission for f<5kHz shows bands that are similar to upper hybrid resonance bands observed near the terrestrial plasmapause, and also elsewhere in Jovian magnetosphere. Based on the observations and knowledge of similar terrestrial emissions, we hypothesize that radio emission results from mode conversion near the strong density gradient of the inner radius of the cold plasma torus, similar to the generation of nKOM and continuum emission observed in the outer Jovian magnetosphere and in the terrestrial magnetosphere from source regions near the plasmapause.

  11. ORIGIN OF ELECTRON CYCLOTRON MASER INDUCED RADIO EMISSIONS AT ULTRACOOL DWARFS: MAGNETOSPHERE-IONOSPHERE COUPLING CURRENTS

    SciTech Connect

    Nichols, J. D.; Burleigh, M. R.; Casewell, S. L.; Cowley, S. W. H.; Wynn, G. A.; Clarke, J. T.; West, A. A.

    2012-11-20

    A number of ultracool dwarfs emit circularly polarized radio waves generated by the electron cyclotron maser instability. In the solar system such radio is emitted from regions of strong auroral magnetic-field-aligned currents. We thus apply ideas developed for Jupiter's magnetosphere, being a well-studied rotationally dominated analog in our solar system, to the case of fast-rotating UCDs. We explain the properties of the radio emission from UCDs by showing that it would arise from the electric currents resulting from an angular velocity shear in the fast-rotating magnetic field and plasma, i.e., by an extremely powerful analog of the process that causes Jupiter's auroras. Such a velocity gradient indicates that these bodies interact significantly with their space environment, resulting in intense auroral emissions. These results strongly suggest that auroras occur on bodies outside our solar system.

  12. On the Methods of Determining the Radio Emission Geometry in Pulsar Magnetospheres

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dyks, J.; Rudak, B.; Harding, Alice K.

    2004-01-01

    We present a modification of the relativistic phase shift method of determining the radio emission geometry from pulsar magnetospheres proposed by Gangadhara & Gupta (2001). Our modification provides a method of determining radio emission altitudes which does not depend on the viewing geometry and does not require polarization measurements. We suggest application of the method to the outer edges of averaged radio pulse profiles to identify magnetic field lines associated with'the edges of the pulse and, thereby, to test the geometric method based on the measurement of the pulse width at the lowest intensity level. We show that another relativistic method proposed by Blaskiewicz et al. (1991) provides upper limits for emission altitudes associated with the outer edges of pulse profiles. A comparison of these limits with the altitudes determined with the geometric method may be used to probe the importance of rotational distortions of magnetic field and refraction effects in the pulsar magnetosphere. We provide a comprehensive discussion of the assumptions used in the relativistic methods.

  13. New high-latitude radio emissions detected in Jupiter's magnetosphere using Juno spacecraft observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tetrick, Sadie; Kurth, William; Gurnett, Donald; Imai, Masafumi; Hospodarsky, George; Bolton, Scott; Connerney, John; Levin, Steven; Mauk, Barry

    2017-04-01

    The Juno spacecraft is currently in polar orbit around Jupiter, as of July 5, 2016. As the spacecraft passed over the high latitude regions of Jupiter for the first time on August 27, 2016, the radio and plasma wave instrument detected a new electromagnetic radio emission. This study will investigate the characteristics of this new radio emission and consider the mechanisms by which it is generated. A cross-correlation with an electron beam flux, occurring around the same time as the emission, was performed to help determine the generation mechanism. The emission's polarization and E/cB ratio have been investigated and it was found that the E/cB ratio was near 1 and there was also evidence of field-aligned guiding by density irregularities, indicating signs of ducting along the planetary magnetic field. Arguments for and against each possible mode of propagation are presented.

  14. Magnetospheric radio and plasma wave research - 1987-1990

    SciTech Connect

    Kurth, W.S. )

    1991-01-01

    This review covers research performed in the area of magnetospheric plasma waves and wave-particle interactions as well as magnetospheric radio emissions. The report focuses on the near-completion of the discovery phase of radio and plasma wave phenomena in the planetary magnetospheres with the successful completion of the Voyager 2 encounters of Neptune and Uranus. Consideration is given to the advances made in detailed studies and theoretical investigations of radio and plasma wave phenomena in the terrestrial magnetosphere or in magnetospheric plasmas in general.

  15. The main source of radio emission from the magnetosphere of Uranus.

    PubMed

    Gulkis, S; Carr, T D

    1987-12-30

    Observations of kilometric radiation from Uranus made with the planetary radio astronomy experiment on the Voyager 2 spacecraft are presented and discussed. Similarities between the auroral kilometric radiation from Earth and the observed Uranus emission are pointed out. A geometrical beaming model is developed in which a single distributed source is located above the darkside auroral region and emits in the extraordinary mode by the cyclotron maser process. The model can account for nearly all the Uranian kilometric radiation from the high-frequency limit near 850 kHz down to about 150 kHz and for much of it down to the lower limit of 20 kHz.

  16. Probing the magnetosphere of the M8.5 dwarf TVLM 513-46546 by modelling its auroral radio emission. Hint of star exoplanet interaction?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leto, P.; Trigilio, C.; Buemi, C. S.; Umana, G.; Ingallinera, A.; Cerrigone, L.

    2017-08-01

    In this paper, we simulate the cyclic circularly polarized pulses of the ultracool dwarf TVLM 513-46546, observed with the Very Large Array at 4.88 and 8.44 GHz on 2006 May, by using a three-dimensional model of the auroral radio emission from the stellar magnetosphere. During this epoch, the radio light curves are characterized by two pulses left-hand polarized at 4.88 GHz, and one doubly peaked (of opposite polarizations) pulse at 8.44 GHz. To take into account the possible deviation from the dipolar symmetry of the stellar magnetic-field topology, the model described in this paper is also able to simulate the auroral radio emission from a magnetosphere shaped like an offset dipole. To reproduce the timing and pattern of the observed pulses, we explored the space of parameters controlling the auroral beaming pattern and the geometry of the magnetosphere. Through the analysis of the TVLM 513-46546 auroral radio emission, we derive some indications on the magnetospheric field topology that is able to simultaneously reproduce the timing and patterns of the auroral pulses measured at 4.88 and 8.44 GHz. Each set of model solutions simulates two auroral pulses (singly or doubly peaked) per period. To explain the presence of only one 8.44 GHz pulse per period, we analyse the case of auroral radio emission limited only to a magnetospheric sector activated by an external body, like the case of the interaction of Jupiter with its moons.

  17. Simultaneous oberservations of magnetospheric HF radio emission after Solar flare X1/3B at November 4, 2001 by use of different radio telescopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dudnik, O.; Yurovsky, Y.

    It is shown that the number of short-term (~1s) sporadic bursts of the near Earth space is changing at frequencies 100 - 500 MHz and depending on the time of the day as well as on the solar activity. The number of radio bursts of similar amplitude is increasing at the frequency 150 MHz when the proton density of high-speed solar wind streams is increasing. The level of radio noises was simultaneously registered during the high solar activity on November, 2001, at frequencies 280, 300, 150 and 500 MHz by radio telescopes, situated on the distance 700 km from each other. In spite of the slight differences of radio technical features of the receiving channels the simultaneous series of bursts have been observed after 3-4 hours from beginning of the strong 3B flare that took place on November 4, 2001. The comparative analysis of the fine structure of bursts registered in both places has been carried out. The obtained experimental data were compared with dynamics of electrons and protons fluxes of different energetic ranges in the interplanetary space by use the data of the ACE satellite as well as on the geostationary orbit by use the data of satellites of GOES series. The supposition was made on the basis of the carried out analyses that the source of HF radio bursts does not have long life space localization but it emerges sporadically for a short time from part of the second to several decades of seconds under the influence of the external factors. Such factors can be represented by fluxes of electrons and ions with energies 50 - 500 keV in the interplanetary space, that were generated in the powerful solar flare, or by ion-cyclotron waves of the outer part of the Earth's magnetosphere. The fine structure of bursts mostly does not coincide at different frequencies that testifies either the narrow band emission feature or the imposi g of local conditions on the radio waves propagation over the place of then bursts' receiving.

  18. Excitation of a magnetospheric maser through modification of the Earth's ionosphere by high-power HF radio emission from a ground-based transmitter

    SciTech Connect

    Markov, G. A. Belov, A. S.; Frolov, V. L.; Rapoport, V. O.; Parrot, M.

    2010-01-15

    A method for controlled excitation of a magnetospheric maser through the production of artificial density ducts by high-power HF radio emission from the Earth's surface has been proposed and implemented in an in-situ experiment. Artificial density ducts allow one to affect the maser resonator system and the excitation and propagation of low-frequency electromagnetic waves in a disturbed magnetic flux tube. The experimental data presented here were obtained at the mid-latitude Sura heating facility. The characteristics of electromagnetic and plasma disturbances at outer-ionosphere altitudes were measured using the onboard equipment of the DEMETER satellite as it passed through the magnetic flux tube rested on the region of intense generation of artificial ionospheric turbulence.

  19. Characteristics of magnetospheric radio noise spectra

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Herman, J. R.

    1976-01-01

    Magnetospheric radio noise spectra (30 kHz to 10 MHz) taken by IMP-6 and RAE-2 exhibit time-varying characteristics which are related to spacecraft position and magnetospheric processes. In the mid-frequency range (100-1,000 kHz) intense noise peaks rise by a factor of 100 or more above background; 80% of the peak frequencies are within the band 125 kHz to 600 kHz, and the peak occurs most often (18% of the time) at 280 kHz. This intense mid-frequency noise has been detected at radial distances from 1.3 Re to 60 Re on all sides of the Earth during magnetically quiet as well as disturbed periods. Maximum occurrence of the mid-frequency noise is in the evening to midnight hours where splash-type energetic particle precipitation takes place. ""Magnetospheric lightning'' can be invoked to explain the spectral shape of the observed spectra.

  20. Saturn's Periodic Magnetosphere: The Relation Between Periodic Hot Plasma Injections, a Rotating Partial Ring Current, Global Magnetic Field Distortions, Plasmapause Motion, and Radio Emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brandt, P. C.; Mitchell, D. G.; Gurnett, D. A.; Persoon, A. M.; Tsyganenko, N. A.

    2012-04-01

    It has been know for some time that the large-scale energetic particle injections (~3-200 keV) on the nigh side of Saturn observed by Cassini/INCA are closely tracked by the periodic Saturn Kilometric Radiation (SKR). The resulting energetic particle pressure is comparable to that of the colder plasma and it therefore distorts the global magnetic field significantly as the energetic particle population drifts around Saturn. In this presentation we discuss the important consequences this has for the large-scale dynamics and configuration of the entire inner magnetosphere of Saturn. We begin by reviewing the observational correlations between remote, global INCA observations of energetic particles, magnetic field distortions, and radio emissions. We present examples of how the magnetic field measurements and the INCA observations show direct implications of a rotating 3D electrical current system associated with, not only, the energetic particle pressure, but also with an interhemispheric field-aligned current (FAC) system. Recently, we found an intriguing high correlation also between the periodic motion of the high-latitude plasmapause-like boundary reported by Gurnett et al. [2011] and the energetic particles observed remotely by INCA that are periodically injected on the night side and then drift around Saturn according to their energy. In our preliminary analysis we see a direct correlation in at least 75% of the case with the center of drifting energetic particle distribution [Brandt et al., 2010] and the encounter with the rotating plasmapause-like density boundary [Gurnett et al., 2011]. However, the remaining, low-correlation cases suggest that we do not fully understand the global, 3D current system that produces the periodic perturbations in Saturn's magnetosphere. We will use these observations to constrain the underlying 3D current system and in particular, assess the role of interhemispheric FACs in reproducing the observations.

  1. LF radio noise from the earth's magnetosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Frankel, M. S.

    1973-01-01

    Gyro-synchrotron radio noise emitted by electrons trapped in the earth's magnetosphere has been a subject of extensive research. Previous efforts, which considered frequencies greater than 1 MHz, have shown that this noise should not be detectable in the MF to HF range because its intensity is below the cosmic background noise level. The author has investigated the LF range and has found that appreciable noise is generated at these frequencies. In fact, the theoretical results for this LF noise agree very well with experimental data obtained by a radio astronomy experiment aboard the IMP 6 spacecraft. A comparison showed that the model predicted both variation in the observed noise intensity with Kp and the noise spectral characteristics. Consequently, it is concluded that detectable LF radio noise is emitted, by means of the cyclotron-synchrotron mechanism, by electrons trapped in the earth's magnetosphere, and that this noise is observable only for frequencies below about 300 kHz. For higher frequencies, the theoretical model and the experimental data reconfirm that this noise is below that of cosmic origin.

  2. Possibility of detecting magnetospheric radio bursts from Uranus and Neptune

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kennel, C. F.; Maggs, J. E.

    1976-01-01

    The intensity of magnetospheric radio bursts (MRBs) is scaled to solar-wind input into planetary magnetospheres and the frequency of emission is scaled to polar surface magnetic-field strength in order to estimate the possibility of detecting MRBs from Uranus and Neptune. A scaling law is derived which relates the ratio of power radiated in MRBs to the solar-wind input for earth, Jupiter, and Saturn. Power-flux spectra of MRBs from these three planets are plotted, and it is shown that Jupiter and Saturn may radiate 1% to 5% of the solar-wind energy input into their magnetospheres. The properties of MRBs from Uranus and Neptune are estimated by assuming a conversion efficiency of 1% to 5%, a bandwidth of half the peak frequency, and conformity of Uranus' and Neptune's dipole moments with the magnetic Bode's law. Based on the results, it is suggested that detection of MRBs from these two planets may be a reasonable cruise-mode radio-astronomy objective on future missions to the outer solar system.

  3. Characteristics of magnetospheric radio noise spectra

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Herman, J. R.

    1976-01-01

    Magnetospheric radio noise spectra (30 kHz to 10 MHz) taken by IMP-6 and RAE-2 exhibit time varying characteristics which are related to spacecraft position and magnetospheric processes. In the midfrequency range (100-1000 kHz) intense noise peaks rise a factor of 100 or more above background; 80% of the peak frequencies are within the band 125 kHz to 600 kHz, and the peak occurs most often (18% of the time) at 280 kHz. Bandwidths of the peaks range from about 100 kHz to more than 500 kHz; most often the lower cutoff is at about 100 kHz and the upper at 380 kHz for a total bandwidth of 280 kHz. This intense mid-frequency noise was detected at radial distances from 1.3 Re to 60 Re on all sides of the earth (i.e., all local times) during magnetically quiet as well as disturbed periods. Maximum occurrence of the mid-frequency noise is in the evening to midnight hours where splash-type energetic particle precipitation takes place.

  4. Magnetospherically driven optical and radio aurorae at the end of the stellar main sequence.

    PubMed

    Hallinan, G; Littlefair, S P; Cotter, G; Bourke, S; Harding, L K; Pineda, J S; Butler, R P; Golden, A; Basri, G; Doyle, J G; Kao, M M; Berdyugina, S V; Kuznetsov, A; Rupen, M P; Antonova, A

    2015-07-30

    Aurorae are detected from all the magnetized planets in our Solar System, including Earth. They are powered by magnetospheric current systems that lead to the precipitation of energetic electrons into the high-latitude regions of the upper atmosphere. In the case of the gas-giant planets, these aurorae include highly polarized radio emission at kilohertz and megahertz frequencies produced by the precipitating electrons, as well as continuum and line emission in the infrared, optical, ultraviolet and X-ray parts of the spectrum, associated with the collisional excitation and heating of the hydrogen-dominated atmosphere. Here we report simultaneous radio and optical spectroscopic observations of an object at the end of the stellar main sequence, located right at the boundary between stars and brown dwarfs, from which we have detected radio and optical auroral emissions both powered by magnetospheric currents. Whereas the magnetic activity of stars like our Sun is powered by processes that occur in their lower atmospheres, these aurorae are powered by processes originating much further out in the magnetosphere of the dwarf star that couple energy into the lower atmosphere. The dissipated power is at least four orders of magnitude larger than what is produced in the Jovian magnetosphere, revealing aurorae to be a potentially ubiquitous signature of large-scale magnetospheres that can scale to luminosities far greater than those observed in our Solar System. These magnetospheric current systems may also play a part in powering some of the weather phenomena reported on brown dwarfs.

  5. Magnetospherically driven optical and radio aurorae at the end of the stellar main sequence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hallinan, G.; Littlefair, S. P.; Cotter, G.; Bourke, S.; Harding, L. K.; Pineda, J. S.; Butler, R. P.; Golden, A.; Basri, G.; Doyle, J. G.; Kao, M. M.; Berdyugina, S. V.; Kuznetsov, A.; Rupen, M. P.; Antonova, A.

    2015-07-01

    Aurorae are detected from all the magnetized planets in our Solar System, including Earth. They are powered by magnetospheric current systems that lead to the precipitation of energetic electrons into the high-latitude regions of the upper atmosphere. In the case of the gas-giant planets, these aurorae include highly polarized radio emission at kilohertz and megahertz frequencies produced by the precipitating electrons, as well as continuum and line emission in the infrared, optical, ultraviolet and X-ray parts of the spectrum, associated with the collisional excitation and heating of the hydrogen-dominated atmosphere. Here we report simultaneous radio and optical spectroscopic observations of an object at the end of the stellar main sequence, located right at the boundary between stars and brown dwarfs, from which we have detected radio and optical auroral emissions both powered by magnetospheric currents. Whereas the magnetic activity of stars like our Sun is powered by processes that occur in their lower atmospheres, these aurorae are powered by processes originating much further out in the magnetosphere of the dwarf star that couple energy into the lower atmosphere. The dissipated power is at least four orders of magnitude larger than what is produced in the Jovian magnetosphere, revealing aurorae to be a potentially ubiquitous signature of large-scale magnetospheres that can scale to luminosities far greater than those observed in our Solar System. These magnetospheric current systems may also play a part in powering some of the weather phenomena reported on brown dwarfs.

  6. Synchronous x-ray and radio mode switches: a rapid global transformation of the pulsar magnetosphere.

    PubMed

    Hermsen, W; Hessels, J W T; Kuiper, L; van Leeuwen, J; Mitra, D; de Plaa, J; Rankin, J M; Stappers, B W; Wright, G A E; Basu, R; Alexov, A; Coenen, T; Grießmeier, J-M; Hassall, T E; Karastergiou, A; Keane, E; Kondratiev, V I; Kramer, M; Kuniyoshi, M; Noutsos, A; Serylak, M; Pilia, M; Sobey, C; Weltevrede, P; Zagkouris, K; Asgekar, A; Avruch, I M; Batejat, F; Bell, M E; Bell, M R; Bentum, M J; Bernardi, G; Best, P; Bîrzan, L; Bonafede, A; Breitling, F; Broderick, J; Brüggen, M; Butcher, H R; Ciardi, B; Duscha, S; Eislöffel, J; Falcke, H; Fender, R; Ferrari, C; Frieswijk, W; Garrett, M A; de Gasperin, F; de Geus, E; Gunst, A W; Heald, G; Hoeft, M; Horneffer, A; Iacobelli, M; Kuper, G; Maat, P; Macario, G; Markoff, S; McKean, J P; Mevius, M; Miller-Jones, J C A; Morganti, R; Munk, H; Orrú, E; Paas, H; Pandey-Pommier, M; Pandey, V N; Pizzo, R; Polatidis, A G; Rawlings, S; Reich, W; Röttgering, H; Scaife, A M M; Schoenmakers, A; Shulevski, A; Sluman, J; Steinmetz, M; Tagger, M; Tang, Y; Tasse, C; ter Veen, S; Vermeulen, R; van de Brink, R H; van Weeren, R J; Wijers, R A M J; Wise, M W; Wucknitz, O; Yatawatta, S; Zarka, P

    2013-01-25

    Pulsars emit from low-frequency radio waves up to high-energy gamma-rays, generated anywhere from the stellar surface out to the edge of the magnetosphere. Detecting correlated mode changes across the electromagnetic spectrum is therefore key to understanding the physical relationship among the emission sites. Through simultaneous observations, we detected synchronous switching in the radio and x-ray emission properties of PSR B0943+10. When the pulsar is in a sustained radio-"bright" mode, the x-rays show only an unpulsed, nonthermal component. Conversely, when the pulsar is in a radio-"quiet" mode, the x-ray luminosity more than doubles and a 100% pulsed thermal component is observed along with the nonthermal component. This indicates rapid, global changes to the conditions in the magnetosphere, which challenge all proposed pulsar emission theories.

  7. Wave emissions from planetary magnetospheres

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Grabbe, Crockett L.

    1989-01-01

    An important development in the Earth magnetosphere was the discovery of the boundary of the plasma sheet and its apparent role in the dynamics of the magnetotails. Three instabilities (negative energy mode, counterstreaming, and the Buneman instability) were investigated through analytical and numerical studies of their frequency and growth rate as a function of the angle of propagation.

  8. AN EMISSION MECHANISM EXPLAINING OFF-PULSE EMISSION ORIGINATING IN THE OUTER MAGNETOSPHERE OF PULSARS

    SciTech Connect

    Basu, Rahul; Mitra, Dipanjan; Melikidze, George I. E-mail: dmitra@ncra.tifr.res.in

    2013-08-01

    We have examined the cyclotron resonance instability developing in the relativistic outflowing plasma in the pulsar magnetosphere. The instability condition leads to radio emission in the subgigahertz frequency regime which is likely to be seen as off-pulse emission. Recent studies have shown the presence of off-pulse emission in long period pulsars, and we demonstrate this plasma process to be an energetically viable mechanism.

  9. Plasma Density and Radio Echoes in the Magnetosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Calvert, W.

    1995-01-01

    This project provided a opportunity to study a variety of interesting topics related to radio sounding in the magnetosphere. The results of this study are reported in two papers which have been submitted for publication in the Journal of Geophysical Research and Radio Science, and various aspects of this study were also reported at meetings of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) at Baltimore, Maryland and the International Scientific Radio Union (URSI) at Boulder, Colorado. The major results of this study were also summarized during a one-day symposium on this topic sponsored by Marshall Space Flight Center in December 1994. The purpose of the study was to examine the density structure of the plasmasphere and determine the relevant mechanisms for producing radio echoes which can be detected by a radio sounder in the magnetosphere. Under this study we have examined density irregularities, biteouts, and outliers of the plasmasphere, studied focusing, specular reflection, ducting, and scattering by the density structures expected to occur in the magnetosphere, and predicted the echoes which can be detected by a magnetospheric radio sounder.

  10. Magnetospheric Radio Tomography: Observables, Algorithms, and Experimental Analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cummer, Steven

    2005-01-01

    This grant supported research towards developing magnetospheric electron density and magnetic field remote sensing techniques via multistatic radio propagation and tomographic image reconstruction. This work was motivated by the need to better develop the basic technique of magnetospheric radio tomography, which holds substantial promise as a technology uniquely capable of imaging magnetic field and electron density in the magnetosphere on large scales with rapid cadence. Such images would provide an unprecedented and needed view into magnetospheric processes. By highlighting the systems-level interconnectedness of different regions, our understanding of space weather processes and ability to predict them would be dramatically enhanced. Three peer-reviewed publications and 5 conference presentations have resulted from this work, which supported 1 PhD student and 1 postdoctoral researcher. One more paper is in progress and will be submitted shortly. Because the main results of this research have been published or are soon to be published in refereed journal articles listed in the reference section of this document, we provide here an overview of the research and accomplishments without describing all of the details that are contained in the articles.

  11. Study of the magnetospheres of active regions on the sun by radio astronomy techniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bogod, V. M.; Kal'tman, T. I.; Peterova, N. G.; Yasnov, L. V.

    2017-01-01

    In the 1990s, based on detailed studies of the structure of active regions (AR), the concept of the magnetosphere of the active region was proposed. This includes almost all known structures presented in the active region, ranging from the radio granulation up to noise storms, the radiation of which manifests on the radio waves. The magnetosphere concept, which, from a common point of view, considers the manifestations of the radio emission of the active region as a single active complex, allows one to shed light on the relation between stable and active processes and their interrelations. It is especially important to identify the basic ways of transforming nonthermal energy into thermal energy. A dominant role in all processes is attributed to the magnetic field, the measurement of which on the coronal levels can be performed by radio-astronomical techniques. The extension of the wavelength range and the introduction of new tools and advanced modeling capabilities makes it possible to analyze the physical properties of plasma structures in the AR magnetosphere and to evaluate the coronal magnetic fields at the levels of the chromosphere-corona transition zone and the lower corona. The features and characteristics of the transition region from the S component to the B component have been estimated.

  12. Possible radio emission mechanism for pulsars

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kovalev, Y. A.

    1979-01-01

    A mathematical model is presented and discussed as a possible mechanism to describe radio emission from pulsars. The model determines that the magnetic field in the neutron proton electron (npe) layer of a neutron star results from a quasistationary eddy current of superconducting and normal protons relative to normal electrons, which generates radio emission by the Josephson effect. The radiation propagates in the magnetically active medium, from the optically thick npe layer to the magnetosphere through breaks in the crust. As a result, hot radio spots form on the surface of the star, and a radiation pattern forms near the magnetic poles, the cross section of which gives the observed pulse structure. Due to the specific properties of the mechanism, variations of the quasistationary current are converted to amplitude frequency variations of the radiation spectrum. Variations of the fine structure of the spectrum pulse amplitude and spectral index, as well as their correlation are discussed.

  13. Detection of the Magnetospheric Emissions from Extrasolar Planets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lazio, J.

    2014-12-01

    Planetary-scale magnetic fields are a window to a planet's interior and provide shielding of the planet's atmosphere. The Earth, Mercury, Ganymede, and the giant planets of the solar system all contain internal dynamo currents that generate planetary-scale magnetic fields. These internal dynamo currents arise from differential rotation, convection, compositional dynamics, or a combination of these. If coupled to an energy source, such as the incident kinetic or magnetic energy from the solar wind, a planet's magnetic field can produce electron cyclotron masers in its magnetic polar regions. The most well known example of this process is the Jovian decametric emission, but all of the giant planets and the Earth contain similar electron cyclotron masers within their magnetospheres. Extrapolated to extrasolar planets, the remote detection of the magnetic field of an extrasolar planet would provide a means of obtaining constraints on the thermal state, composition, and dynamics of its interior as well as improved understanding of the basic planetary dynamo process. The magnetospheric emissions from solar system planets and the discovery of extrasolar planets have motivated both theoretical and observational work on magnetospheric emissions from extrasolar planets. Stimulated by these advances, the W.M. Keck Institute for Space Studies hosted a workshop entitled "Planetary Magnetic Fields: Planetary Interiors and Habitability." I summarize the current observational status of searches for magnetospheric emissions from extrasolar planets, based on observations from a number of ground-based radio telescopes, and future prospects for ground-based studies. Using the solar system planetary magnetic fields as a guide, future space-based missions will be required to study planets with magnetic field strengths lower than that of Jupiter. I summarize mission concepts identified in the KISS workshop, with a focus on the detection of planetary electron cyclotron maser emission. The

  14. Solar radio emission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Goldman, M. V.; Smith, D. F.

    1981-01-01

    Active areas of both observational and theoretical research in which rapid progress is being made are discussed. These include: (1) the dynamic spectrum or frequency versus time plot; (2) physical mechanisms in the development of various types of bursts; (3) microwave type 1, 2, 3, and moving type 4 bursts; (4) bursts caused by trapped electrons; (5) physics of type 3bursts; (6) the physics of type 2 bursts and their related shocks; (7) the physics of both stationary and moving traps and associated type 1 and moving type 4 bursts; and (8) the status of the field of solar radio emission.

  15. On the Detection of Magnetospheric Radio Bursts from Uranus and Neptune.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    NEPTUNE(PLANET), *RADIO ASTRONOMY, *EXTRATERRESTRIAL RADIO WAVES, * URANUS (PLANET), MAGNETIC FIELDS, FLUX(RATE), COMPARISON, POWER SPECTRA, SATURN(PLANET), EARTH(PLANET), MAGNETOSPHERE, JUPITER(PLANET), SOLAR WIND.

  16. Magnetospheric electrostatic emissions and cold plasma densities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hubbard, R. F.; Birmingham, T. J.; Hones, E. W., Jr.

    1979-01-01

    A synoptic study of electric wave, magnetometer, and plasma data from Imp 6 has been carried out for times when banded electrostatic waves are observed between harmonics of the electron gyrofrequency in the earth's outer magnetosphere. Four separate classes of such waves have previously been identified by us. The spatial and temporal occurrences of waves in each class are summarized here, as are correlations of occurrence with geomagnetic activity. Most importantly, associations between the observations of waves of different classes and the relative portions of cold and hot electrons present at the position of the spacecraft are established. The cold to hot ratio varies in accordance with the predictions of our previous theoretical work, which models the emission as arising unstably from a hot loss cone distribution existing simultaneously with a cold isotropic electron component. Finally, evidence for the signature of the loss cone is sought in the plasma data.

  17. The role of solar wind reconnection in driving the Neptune radio emission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Desch, M. D.; Farrell, W. M.; Kaiser, M. L.; Lepping, R. P.; Steinberg, J. T.; Villanueva, L. A.

    1991-01-01

    The only remote diagnostic of conditions within the outer planets' magnetospheres is the highly variable flux of low-frequency radio waves. As at the other radio planets, Neptune radio emission also manifests, on a time scale of days, major intensity fluctuations that are indicative of a solar wind energy-coupling process of some kind. It is found that the merging of interplanetary magnetic field lines with Neptune's magnetosphere is the best predictor of emitted radio energy. By contrast, viscouslike energy coupling processes, such as might be caused by solar wind density or bulk speed fluctuations, are apparently ineffective in driving the radio emission.

  18. Prediction of radio frequency power generation of Neptune's magnetosphere from generalized radiometric Bode's law

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Millon, M. A.; Goertz, C. K.

    1988-01-01

    Magnetospheric radio frequency emission power has been shown to vary as a function of both solar wind and planetary values such as magnetic field by Kaiser and Desch. Planetary magnetic fields have been shown to scale with planetary variables such as density and angular momentum by numerous researchers. This paper combines two magnetic scaling laws (Busse's and Curtis Ness') with the radiometric law to yield "Bode's"-type laws governing planetary radio emission. Further analysis allows the reduction of variables to planetary mass and orbital distance. These generalized laws are then used to predict the power output of Neptune to be about 1.6×107W; with the intensity peaking at about 3 MHz.

  19. Jupiter's decametric radio emission - A nice problem of optics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lecacheux, A.; Meyer-Vernet, N.; Daigne, G.

    1981-02-01

    We show that the spectral and temporal 'nested arcs' pattern of the Jovian decametric radio-dynamic spectrum can be interpreted as due solely to the diffraction of a radio-source by a phase changing plasma structure, located permanently in Jupiter's magnetosphere and rotating with the planet. This entirely new approach of the phenomenon explains in a simple way many observational features not understood so far. It allows to reinterpret the observations, thus yielding new constraints on the physics of the emission.

  20. Perturbations of ionosphere-magnetosphere coupling by powerful VLF emissions from ground-based transmitters

    SciTech Connect

    Belov, A. S. Markov, G. A.; Ryabov, A. O.; Parrot, M.

    2012-12-15

    The characteristics of the plasma-wave disturbances stimulated in the near-Earth plasma by powerful VLF radiation from ground-based transmitters are investigated. Radio communication VLF transmitters of about 1 MW in power are shown to produce artificial plasma-wave channels (density ducts) in the near-Earth space that originate in the lower ionosphere above the disturbing emission source and extend through the entire ionosphere and magnetosphere of the Earth along the magnetic field lines. Measurements with the onboard equipment of the DEMETER satellite have revealed that under the action of emission from the NWC transmitter, which is one of the most powerful VLF radio transmitters, the generation of quasi-electrostatic (plasma) waves is observed on most of the satellite trajectory along the disturbed magnetic flux tube. This may probably be indicative of stimulated emission of a magnetospheric maser.

  1. Radio sounding in space: magnetosphere and topside ionosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reinisch, B. W.; Haines, D. M.; Benson, R. F.; Green, J. L.; Sales, G. S.; Taylor, W. W. L.

    2001-01-01

    Modern sounding techniques have been developed for the space-borne exploration of Earth's magnetosphere and topside ionosphere. Two new satellite instruments will use the advanced techniques of the ground-based Digisondes. The Radio Plasma Imager (RPI), a low-frequency sounder with 500-m dipole antennas designed to sweep from 3 kHz to 3 MHz, will be part of NASA's IMAGE mission to be launched in February 2000 into an elliptical orbit with an altitude at apogee of 7Re. While in the magnetospheric cavity, RPI will receive echoes from the magnetopause and the plasmasphere and will measure the direct response of the magnetosphere's configuration to changes in the solar wind. With three orthogonal dipole antennas (two 500-m tip-to-tip antennas in the spin plane used for transmission and reception, one 20-m antenna along the spin axis for reception only) the arrival angle of returning echoes can be determined with high accuracy. The other instrument is the TOPside Automated Sounder (TOPAS), which was originally conceived for the Ukrainian WARNING mission with a launch date in 2001. Using one antenna for transmission and three orthogonal 10-m antennas for reception, TOPAS will be able to determine the arrival angle of ionospheric echoes and their wave polarization. It will then be possible to automatically scale the topside ionograms and calculate the electron density profiles in real time. Operating as a high-frequency radar, TOPAS will for the first time measure topside plasma velocities by tracking the motions of plasma irregularities.

  2. Radio Emission from Binary Stars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hjellming, R.; Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Stellar radio emission is most common in double star systems where each star provides something essential in producing the large amounts of radio radiation needed for it to be detectable by RADIO TELESCOPES. They transfer mass, supply energy or, when one of the stars is a NEUTRON STAR or BLACK HOLE, have the strong gravitational fields needed for the energetic particles and magnetic fields needed...

  3. The search for exomoon radio emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Noyola, Joaquin P.

    The field of exoplanet detection has seen many new developments since the discovery of the first exoplanet. Observational surveys by the NASA Kepler Mission and several other instrument have led to the confirmation of over 1900 exoplanets, and several thousands of exoplanet potential candidates. All this progress, however, has yet to provide the first confirmed exomoon. Since all previous attempts to discover exomoons have failed, a novel method to detect them is proposed in this dissertation, which describes development of the method and its applications to select the best exomoon candidates for observational searches. The main goal of these searches is to verify the validity and effectiveness of the method, and discover the first exomoon by using the world largest and most suitable radio telescopes. The discovery of first exomoon would begin a new era of exploratory research in exoplanetary systems. The idea that exomoons can be discovered with radio telescopes was proposed by Noyola, Satyal and Musielak et al. (2014), who suggested that the interaction between Io and the Jovian magnetosphere could also be found in exoplanet-exomoon pairs, and the resulting radio emissions could be used to directly detect these systems. The main results of the original study obtained for single prograde exomoons are also described in this dissertation, which in addition extends the previous study to multiple exomoon systems, as well as retrograde orbits. The main objective of these studies is to identify the best exomoon candidates for detection by chosen radio telescopes. One such candidates, Epsilon Eridani b, was selected and observed by the Giant Metre Radio Telescope (GMRT) in India. The preliminary results of these observations do not show any expected radio emission from the chosen systems. Thus, implementation of several important improvements to the method is discussed in details in this dissertation.

  4. Radio emission from binary stars

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dulk, G. A.

    1986-01-01

    This paper reviews the radio emission from binary star systems - the emission processes that occur, the characteristics of the binary systems inferred from the radio observations, and the reasons for the activity. Several classes of binary stars are described including those with two main sequence stars, those with one normal star and a white dwarf, and those containing a neutron star or a black hole.

  5. Amalthea's Modulation of Jovian Decametric Radio Emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arkhypov, Oleksiy V.

    2006-08-01

    Institute of Radio Astronomy, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine Amalthea is the largest body after Galilean satellites near Jupiter. An anomaly in Jovian synchrotron radiation has been found just on the Amalthea magnetic shell (de Pater, Schulz & Brecht 1997). It has been suggested that Amalthea's motion through Jupiter's magnetic field induces Alfvén or whistler wings or electrostatic high-frequency waves which lead to the pitch angle scattering. It is reasonable to search for another effect of these processes: magnetospheric inhomogeneities which could be found via scattering of Jovian decametric radio emission (DAM). Such scattering on field-aligned inhomogeneities in the Io plasma torus is known as "modulation lanes" in DAM dynamic spectra. To search for analogous Amalthea's modulation, the positions and frequency drift of about 600 lanes are measured on the UFRO spectra of DAM. The special 3D algorithm is used for localization of field-aligned magnetospheric inhomogeneities by the frequency drift of modulation lanes. It is found that about 4% of the lanes are clustered near Amalthea's magnetic shell. There are two such clusters near longitudes of 123°≤λ[III]≤140° and 284°≤λ[III]≤305°, which coincide with the regions of maximum compression of fresh plasma due to rotating magnetic field of Jupiter (where ∂(B^2)/∂λ[III]) is maximal). The Amalthea modulation could explain the enigmatic "hf-lanes" (Genova, Aubier & Lecacheux 1981). The found magnetospheric formations are a new argument for the ice nature of Amalthea which has the density less than that of water (Anderson et al. 2005). Anderson J.D. et al. 2005, Science, 308, 5726, pp. 1291-1293. de Pater I., Schulz M., Brecht S.H. 1997, J. Geophys. Res., 102, A10, pp. 22043-22064. Genova F., Aubier M.G., Lecacheux A. 1981, Astron. and Astrophys. 104, 2, pp. 229-239.

  6. Zebra spectral structures in Jovian decametric radio emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rošker, S.; Panchenko, M.; Rucker, H. O.; Brazhenko, A. I.

    2015-10-01

    Jupiter with the largest planetary magnetosphere in the solar system emits intense coherent non-thermal radiation in a wide frequency range. This emission is a result of complicated interactions between the dynamic Jovian magnetosphere and energetic particles supplying free energy from planetary rotation and the interaction between Jupiter and the Galilean moon Io. Decametric radio emission (DAM) is the strongest component of Jovian radiation observed in a frequency range from a few MHz up to 40 MHz. Depending on the time scales the Jovian DAM exhibits different complex spectral structures. Recent observations of the Jovian decametric radio emission using the large ground-based radio telescope URAN-2 (Poltava, Ukraine) enabled the detection of fine spectral structures, specifically zebra stripe-like patterns, never reported before in the Jovian decametric wavelength regime (Figure 1). In this presentation we describe and analyse these new observations by investigating the characteristics of the Jovian decametric zebra patterns. On basis of these findings the possible mechanism of wave generation is discussed and in particular the value of the determination of local plasma densities within the Jovian magnetosphere by remote radio sensing is emphasized.

  7. Fine spectral structures in Jovian decametric radio emission observed by ground-based radio telescope.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Panchenko, M.; Brazhenko, A. I.; Shaposhnikov, V. E.; Konovalenko, A. A.; Rucker, H. O.

    2014-04-01

    Jupiter with the largest planetary magnetosphere in the solar system emits intense coherent non-thermal radio emission in a wide frequency range. This emission is a result of a complicated interaction between the dynamic Jovian magnetosphere and energetic particles supplying the free energy from planetary rotation and the interaction between Jupiter and the Galilean moons. Decametric radio emission (DAM) is the strongest component of Jovian radiation observed in a frequency range from few MHz up to 40 MHz. This emission is generated via cyclotron maser mechanism in sources located along Jovian magnetic field lines. Depending on the time scales the Jovian DAMexhibits different complex spectral structures. We present the observations of the Jovian decametric radio emission using the large ground-based radio telescope URAN- 2 (Poltava, Ukraine) operated in the decametric frequency range. This telescope is one of the largest low frequency telescopes in Europe equipped with high performance digital radio spectrometers. The antenna array of URAN-2 consists of 512 crossed dipoles with an effective area of 28 000m2 and beam pattern size of 3.5 x 7 deg. (at 25 MHz). The instrument enables continuous observations of the Jovian radio during long period of times. Jovian DAM was observed continuously since Sep. 2012 (depending on Jupiter visibility) with relatively high time-frequency resolution (4 kHz - 100ms) in the broad frequency range (8-32MHz). We have detected a big amount of the fine spectral structures in the dynamic spectra of DAM such as trains of S-bursts, quasi-continuous narrowband emission, narrow-band splitting events and zebra stripe-like patterns. We analyzed mainly the fine structures associated with non-Io controlled DAM. We discuss how the observed narrowband structures which most probably are related to the propagation of the decametric radiation in the Jupiter's ionosphere can be used to study the plasma parameters in the inner Jovian magnetosphere.

  8. Discussing the processes constraining the Jovian synchrotron radio emission's features

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Santos-Costa, Daniel; Bolton, Scott J.

    2008-03-01

    Our recent analysis and understanding of the Jovian synchrotron radio emission with a radiation-belt model is presented. In this work, the electron population is determined by solving the Fokker-Planck diffusion equation and considering different physical processes. The results of the modeling are first compared to in situ particle data, brightness distributions, radio spectrum, and beaming curves to verify the simulated particle distributions. The dynamics of high-energy electrons in Jupiter's inner magnetosphere and their related radio emission are then examined. The results demonstrate that the Jovian moons set the extension and intensity of the synchrotron emission's brightness distribution along the magnetic equator. Simulations show that moons and dust both control the transport toward the planet by significantly reducing the abundance of particles constrained to populate, near the equator and inside 1.8 Jovian radii, the innermost region of the magnetosphere. Due to interactions with dust and synchrotron mechanism, radiation-belt electrons are moved along field lines, between Metis (1.79 Jovian radii) and Amalthea (2.54 Jovian radii), toward high latitudes. The quantity of particles transported away from the equator is sufficient to produce measurable secondary radio emissions. Among all the phenomena acting in the inner magnetosphere, the moons (Amalthea and Thebe) are the primary moderator for the radiation's intensity at high latitudes. Moon losses also affect the characteristics of the total radio flux with longitude. The sweeping effect amplifies the 10-h modulation of the beaming curve's amplitude while energy resonances occurring near Amalthea and Thebe belong to phenomena adjusting it to the right level. Interactions with dust do not significantly constrain radio spectrum features. Resonances near Amalthea and Thebe are responsible for the Jovian radio spectrum's particular slope.

  9. An Earth-like correspondence between Saturn's auroral features and radio emission.

    PubMed

    Kurth, W S; Gurnett, D A; Clarke, J T; Zarka, P; Desch, M D; Kaiser, M L; Cecconi, B; Lecacheux, A; Farrell, W M; Galopeau, P; Gérard, J-C; Grodent, D; Prangé, R; Dougherty, M K; Crary, F J

    2005-02-17

    Saturn is a source of intense kilometre-wavelength radio emissions that are believed to be associated with its polar aurorae, and which provide an important remote diagnostic of its magnetospheric activity. Previous observations implied that the radio emission originated in the polar regions, and indicated a strong correlation with solar wind dynamic pressure. The radio source also appeared to be fixed near local noon and at the latitude of the ultraviolet aurora. There have, however, been no observations relating the radio emissions to detailed auroral structures. Here we report measurements of the radio emissions, which, along with high-resolution images of Saturn's ultraviolet auroral emissions, suggest that although there are differences in the global morphology of the aurorae, Saturn's radio emissions exhibit an Earth-like correspondence between bright auroral features and the radio emissions. This demonstrates the universality of the mechanism that results in emissions near the electron cyclotron frequency narrowly beamed at large angles to the magnetic field.

  10. Radio Emission from Supernovae

    SciTech Connect

    Weiler, Kurt W.; Panagia, Nino; Sramek, Richard A.; Van Dyk, Schuyler D.; Stockdale, Christopher J.; Kelley, Matthew T.

    2009-05-03

    Study of radio supernovae over the past 27 years includes more than three dozen detected objects and more than 150 upper limits. From this work it is possible to identify classes of radio properties, demonstrate conformance to and deviations from existing models, estimate the density and structure of the circumstellar material and, by inference, the evolution of the presupernova stellar wind, and reveal the last stages of stellar evolution before explosion. It is also possible to detect ionized hydrogen along the line of sight, to demonstrate binary properties of the presupernova stellar system, and to detect dumpiness of the circumstellar material.

  11. Radio emission from binary stars

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dulk, George A.

    1986-01-01

    Radio emission from binary star systems; characteristics of the binary systems inferred from the radio observations; and the reasons for the activity are reviewed. Binary stars with two main sequence stars, with one normal star and a white dwarf, and those containing a neutron star or a black hole are described. Energy may be directly available as matter falls into the potential well of a compact object. Electromagnetic induction effects may occur due to relative motions of magnetic fields and matter. By enforcing rapid rotation, binaries can induce strong dynamo action and hence generate free energy in the form of intense, complex, evolving magnetic fields. Whatever the source of energy, the observations at radio and X-ray wavelengths demonstrate that electrons are accelerated to high energies (mildly relativistic and, ultrarelativistic). Observed or inferred radio brightness temperatures range up to 10 to the 15th power K or more, implying coherent emission for sources brighter than 10 billion K.

  12. Escaping radio emission from pulsars: Possible role of velocity shear

    SciTech Connect

    Mahajan, S.M. |; Machabeli, G.Z.; Rogava, A.D. |

    1997-01-01

    It is demonstrated that the velocity shear, intrinsic to the e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} plasma present in the pulsar magnetosphere, can efficiently convert the nonescaping longitudinal Langmuir waves (produced by some kind of a beam or stream instability) into propagating (escaping) electromagnetic waves. It is suggested that this shear induced transformation may be the basic mechanism needed for the eventual generation of the observed pulsar radio emission.

  13. Laboratory Reproduction of Auroral Magnetospheric Radio Wave Sources

    SciTech Connect

    Ronald, K.; Speirs, D. C.; McConville, S. L.; Gillespie, K. M.; Phelps, A. D. R.; Cross, A. W.; Robertson, C. W.; Whyte, C. G.; He, W.; Bingham, R.; Vorgul, I.; Cairns, R. A.; Kellett, B. J.

    2008-10-15

    Auroral Kilometric Radiation, AKR, occurs naturally in the polar regions of the Earth's magnetosphere where electrons are accelerated by electric fields into the increasing planetary magnetic dipole. Here conservation of the magnetic moment converts axial to rotational momentum forming a horseshoe distribution in velocity phase space. This distribution is unstable to cyclotron emissions and radiation is emitted in the X-mode. In the laboratory a 75-85kV electron beam of 5-40A was magnetically compressed by a system of solenoids. Results are presented for an electron beam gyrating at cyclotron frequencies of 4.42GHz and 11.7GHz resonating with near cut-off TE01 and TE03 modes respectively. Measurements of the electron transport combined with numerical simulations demonstrated that a horseshoe distribution function was formed in electron velocity space. Analysis of the experimental measurements allowed the inference of the 1D number density as a function of the electron beam pitch angle. The total power emitted experimentally was {approx}19-35 kW with a maximum RF emission efficiency of {approx}2%. These results were compared to those obtained numerically using a 2D PiC code KARAT with a maximum efficiency of 2% predicted for the same mode and frequency, consistent with astrophysical and theoretical results.

  14. Auroral radio emission from ultracool dwarfs: a Jovian model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Turnpenney, S.; Nichols, J. D.; Wynn, G. A.; Casewell, S. L.

    2017-10-01

    A number of fast-rotating ultracool dwarfs (UCDs) emit pulsed coherent radiation, attributed to the electron-cyclotron maser instability, a phenomenon that occurs in the Solar system at planets with strong auroral emission. In this paper, we examine magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling currents in UCDs, adopting processes used in models of Jovian emission. We consider the angular velocity gradient arising from a steady outward flux of angular momentum from an internal plasma source, as analogous to the Jovian main oval current system, as well as the interaction of a rotating magnetosphere with the external medium. Both of these mechanisms are seen in the Solar system to be responsible for the production of radio emission. We present the results of an investigation over a range of relevant plasma and magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling parameters to determine regimes consistent with observed UCD radio luminosities. Both processes are able to explain observed UCD luminosities with ionospheric Pedersen conductances of ˜1-2 mho, either for a closed magnetosphere with a plasma mass outflow rate of ˜105 kg s-1, i.e. a factor of ˜100 larger than that observed at Jupiter's moon Io, or for a dwarf with an open magnetosphere moving through the interstellar medium at ˜50 km s-1 and a plasma mass outflow rate of ˜1000 kg s-1. The radio luminosity resulting from these mechanisms has opposing dependencies on the magnetic field strength, a point that may be used to discriminate between the two models as more data become available.

  15. Energetic neutral atom emissions from Titan interaction with Saturn's magnetosphere.

    PubMed

    Mitchell, D G; Brandt, P C; Roelof, E C; Dandouras, J; Krimigis, S M; Mauk, B H

    2005-05-13

    The Cassini Magnetospheric Imaging Instrument (MIMI) observed the interaction of Saturn's largest moon, Titan, with Saturn's magnetosphere during two close flybys of Titan on 26 October and 13 December 2004. The MIMI Ion and Neutral Camera (INCA) continuously imaged the energetic neutral atoms (ENAs) generated by charge exchange reactions between the energetic, singly ionized trapped magnetospheric ions and the outer atmosphere, or exosphere, of Titan. The images reveal a halo of variable ENA emission about Titan's nearly collisionless outer atmosphere that fades at larger distances as the exospheric density decays exponentially. The altitude of the emissions varies, and they are not symmetrical about the moon, reflecting the complexity of the interactions between Titan's upper atmosphere and Saturn's space environment.

  16. Pulsars Magnetospheres

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Timokhin, Andrey

    2012-01-01

    Current density determines the plasma flow regime. Cascades are non-stationary. ALWAYS. All flow regimes look different: multiple components (?) Return current regions should have particle accelerating zones in the outer magnetosphere: y-ray pulsars (?) Plasma oscillations in discharges: direct radio emission (?)

  17. Magnetospheric electrostatic emissions and cold plasma densities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hubbard, R. F.; Birmingham, T. J.

    1978-01-01

    A synoptic study of electric wave, magnetometer, and plasma data from IMP-6 was carried out for times when banded electrostatic waves are observed between harmonics of the electron gyrofrequency in the earth's outer magnetosphere. Four separate classes of such waves were previously identified. The spatial and temporal occurrences of waves in each class are summarized here, as are correlations of occurrence with geomagnetic activity. Most importantly, associations between the observations of waves of different classes and the relative portions of cold and hot electrons present at the position of the spacecraft are established. Finally, evidence for the signature of the loss cone is sought in the plasma data.

  18. The Lightning and Radio Emission Detector (LRD) instrument

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lanzerotti, L. J.; Rinnert, K.; Dehmel, G.; Gliem, F. O.; Krider, E. P.; Uman, M. A.; Umlauft, G.; Bach, J.

    1992-05-01

    The Lightning and Radio Emission Detector (LRD) instrument will be carried by the Galileo Probe into Jupiter's atmosphere. The LRD will verify the existence of lightning in the atmosphere and will determine the details of many of its basic characteristics. The instrument, operated in its magnetospheric mode at distances of about 5, 4, 3, and 2 planetary radii from Jupiter's center, will also measure the RF noise spectrum in Jupiter's magnetosphere. The LRD instrument is composed of a ferrite-core radio frequency antenna and two photodiodes mounted behind individual fisheye lenses. The output of the RF antenna is analyzed both separately and in coincidence with the optical signals from the photodiodes. The RF antenna provides data both in the frequency domain (with three narrow-band channels, primarily for deducing the physical properties of distant lightning) and in the time domain with a priority scheme (primarily for determining from individual RF waveforms the physical properties of closeby-lightning).

  19. Venus - Global surface radio emissivity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ford, P. G.; Pettengill, G. H.

    1983-01-01

    Observations of thermal radio emission from the surface of Venus, made by the Pioneer Venus radar mapper at a wavelength of 17 cm, show variations that are dominated by changes in surface emissivity. The regions of lowest emissivity (0.54 + or - 0.05 for the highland areas of Aphrodite Terra and Theia Mons) correspond closely to regions of high radar reflectivity reported earlier. These results support the inference of inclusions of material with high electrical conductivity in the surface rock of these areas.

  20. Seasonal variations of Saturn's auroral acceleration region deduced from spectra of auroral radio emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kimura, T.; Lamy, L.; Tao, C.; Badman, S. V.; Cecconi, B.; Zarka, P.; Morioka, A.; Miyoshi, Y.; Kasaba, Y.; Maruno, D.; Fujimoto, M.

    2012-09-01

    Multi-instrumental surveys of Saturn's magnetosphere by Cassini have indicated that auroral radio emissions (Saturnian Kilometric Radiation, SKR), aurorae at UV and IR wavelengths and Energetic Neutral Atoms (ENA) from the inner magnetosphere exhibit periodic behavior at around Saturn's rotational period with the north-south asymmetry and seasonal variations [e.g., Gurnett et al., 2010; Mitchell et al., 2009; Nichols et al., 2010]. These rotationally periodic phenomena are suggestive of distinct magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling current systems, rotating at different periods in the northern and southern hemispheres [e.g., Andrews et al., 2010]. These phenomena suggest that the magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling process and associated energy dissipation process (aurora & SKR) are dynamically dependent on both magnetospheric rotations and long-term conditions of the magnetosphere/ionosphere.

  1. Radio emission from supernova remnants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dubner, Gloria; Giacani, Elsa

    2015-09-01

    The explosion of a supernova releases almost instantaneously about 10^{51} ergs of mechanic energy, changing irreversibly the physical and chemical properties of large regions in the galaxies. The stellar ejecta, the nebula resulting from the powerful shock waves, and sometimes a compact stellar remnant, constitute a supernova remnant (SNR). They can radiate their energy across the whole electromagnetic spectrum, but the great majority are radio sources. Almost 70 years after the first detection of radio emission coming from an SNR, great progress has been achieved in the comprehension of their physical characteristics and evolution. We review the present knowledge of different aspects of radio remnants, focusing on sources of the Milky Way and the Magellanic Clouds, where the SNRs can be spatially resolved. We present a brief overview of theoretical background, analyze morphology and polarization properties, and review and critically discuss different methods applied to determine the radio spectrum and distances. The consequences of the interaction between the SNR shocks and the surrounding medium are examined, including the question of whether SNRs can trigger the formation of new stars. Cases of multispectral comparison are presented. A section is devoted to reviewing recent results of radio SNRs in the Magellanic Clouds, with particular emphasis on the radio properties of SN 1987A, an ideal laboratory to investigate dynamical evolution of an SNR in near real time. The review concludes with a summary of issues on radio SNRs that deserve further study, and analysis of the prospects for future research with the latest-generation radio telescopes.

  2. ON THE ORIGIN OF RADIO EMISSION FROM MAGNETARS

    SciTech Connect

    Szary, Andrzej; Melikidze, George I.; Gil, Janusz

    2015-02-10

    Magnetars are the most magnetized objects in the known universe. Powered by the magnetic energy, and not by the rotational energy as in the case of radio pulsars, they have long been regarded as a completely different class of neutron stars. The discovery of pulsed radio emission from a few magnetars weakened the idea of a clean separation between magnetars and normal pulsars. We use the partially screened gap (PSG) model to explain radio emission of magnetars. The PSG model requires that the temperature of the polar cap is equal to the so-called critical value, i.e., the temperature at which the thermal ions outflowing from the stellar surface screen the acceleration gap. We show that a magnetar has to fulfill the temperature, power, and visibility conditions in order to emit radio waves. First, in order to form PSG, the residual temperature of the surface has to be lower than the critical value. Second, since the radio emission is powered by the rotational energy, it has to be high enough to enable heating of the polar cap by backstreaming particles to the critical temperature. Finally, the structure of the magnetic field has to be altered by magnetospheric currents in order to widen a radio beam and increase the probability of detection. Our approach allows us to predict whether a magnetar can emit radio waves using only its rotational period, period derivative, and surface temperature in the quiescent mode.

  3. Stellar wind-magnetosphere interaction at exoplanets: computations of auroral radio powers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nichols, J. D.; Milan, S. E.

    2016-09-01

    We present calculations of the auroral radio powers expected from exoplanets with magnetospheres driven by an Earth-like magnetospheric interaction with the solar wind. Specifically, we compute the twin cell-vortical ionospheric flows, currents, and resulting radio powers resulting from a Dungey cycle process driven by dayside and nightside magnetic reconnection, as a function of planetary orbital distance and magnetic field strength. We include saturation of the magnetospheric convection, as observed at the terrestrial magnetosphere, and we present power-law approximations for the convection potentials, radio powers and spectral flux densities. We specifically consider a solar-age system and a young (1 Gyr) system. We show that the radio power increases with magnetic field strength for magnetospheres with saturated convection potential, and broadly decreases with increasing orbital distance. We show that the magnetospheric convection at hot Jupiters will be saturated, and thus unable to dissipate the full available incident Poynting flux, such that the magnetic Radiometric Bode's Law (RBL) presents a substantial overestimation of the radio powers for hot Jupiters. Our radio powers for hot Jupiters are ˜5-1300 TW for hot Jupiters with field strengths of 0.1-10 BJ orbiting a Sun-like star, while we find that competing effects yield essentially identical powers for hot Jupiters orbiting a young Sun-like star. However, in particular, for planets with weaker magnetic fields, our powers are higher at larger orbital distances than given by the RBL, and there are many configurations of planet that are expected to be detectable using SKA.

  4. Multi-epoch study of the gamma-ray emission within the M87 magnetosphere model

    SciTech Connect

    Vincent, S.

    2015-05-01

    M87 is a nearby radio galaxy that has been detected at energies ranging from radio to very high energy (VHE) gamma-rays. Its proximity and its jet, misaligned from the line of sight allow detailed morphological studies. The imaging atmospheric Cherenkov technique (from 100 GeV to 10 TeV) provides insufficient angular resolution (few arc-minutes) to resolve the M87 emission region. However, the short time scale variability observed by MAGIC, HESS and VERITAS suggests the TeV emission is coming from a very small region, most likely close to the core. We propose that the variable TeV emission may be produced in a pair-starved region of the central black hole (BH) magnetosphere, i.e. a region where the density of the electron-positron plasma is not sufficient to completely screen the accelerating electric field. The funnel, a low density and magnetically dominated region around the poles, appears as a favourable site of low-density where a Blandford-Znajek process may explain the main properties of the TeV γ-ray emission from M87. We produce a broadband spectral energy distribution (SED) of the resulting radiation and compare the model with the observed fluxes from the nucleus of M87, for both low and high γ-ray activities. We finish with a brief discussion on the connection between the accretion rate and the intermittence in the formation of gaps in the magnetosphere.

  5. Probing the X-ray Emission from Dueling Magnetospheres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chatterjee, Shamibrata

    2004-09-01

    The double pulsar system J0737-3039 may provide answers to longstanding questions about the pulsar emission mechanism and the physics of relativistic winds. X-ray emission detected with Chandra could be produced by pulsed magnetospheric emission or at termination shocks located at the wind-wind boundary or the wind-ISM boundary. We propose high time resolution observations with HRC-S which will determine the X-ray modulation fraction at the pulsar rotational and orbital periods, thus distinguishing between the various possibilities and providing direct constraints on the magnetization parameter of the relativistic wind.

  6. The Arecibo Reconnaissance of Radio Emission from Nearby Extrasolar Planets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Route, Matthew; Wolszczan, Alex

    2014-11-01

    For several decades, it has been known that the Earth and Jupiter naturally generate radio emission from their magnetospheres, and that this radio emission serves as a probe of the magnetic field properties and plasma environments of these objects. In particular, the terrestrial auroral kilometric radiation, Jovian radio emission from decimetric through kilometric frequencies, and the Saturn kilometric radiation have been well studied through both remote sensing and in situ methods. At the more massive end of the continuum of substellar objects, brown dwarfs of spectral type as late as L3.5 have been shown to emit radio waves through the same mechanism that causes most of the radio emission from the magnetized Solar System planets.During the course of our recent searches for radio emission from ultracool dwarfs, we investigated brown dwarfs of spectral types as late as T6.5 and pushed even farther down the intrinsic luminosity scale through the observation of the system of four planets around a young, A-type star, HR 8799. Our investigation was conducted with the 305-m Arecibo radio telescope, its 5 GHz receiver, and the fast-sampled, broadband Mock spectrometer. Although no radio emission was detected from the young, hot HR 8799 planets, we provide useful upper limits on their radio luminosities and magnetic field strengths. However, our surveys have detected radio emission from two cool brown dwarfs, which have temperatures comparable to those young planets: one of type T6 1050 K) and one of type T6.5 900 K; Route & Wolszczan 2012). These results imply that, for young, massive exoplanet systems, which, like the one around HR 8799, consist of planets at type-T brown dwarf luminosity-levels and temperatures, the detection of radio emission with instrumentation such as that currently available at Arecibo is entirely plausible. This strategy appears more promising than low frequency searches for radio emission from the old, low magnetic field exoplanets, which

  7. A mysterious plasma wave emission and the determination of plasma densities in Neptune's inner magnetosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moses, S. L.; Coroniti, F. V.

    1991-01-01

    One of the strongest plasma wave signals observed during the Voyager 2 encounter with Neptune is a narrowband emission between 3.0 and 4.3 kHz that was detected over a period of roughly 2 hours around closest approach. The emission occurs below the electron cyclotron frequency and the low-frequency cutoff of the radio continuum radiation. Of the naturally occurring signals in the earth's auroral zone and in Jupiter's magnetosphere this emission most resembles trapped Z mode waves found near the left-hand cutoff frequency. Using this identification, a plasma density profile is obtained that is independent of the plasma temperature. These densities greatly exceed those measured by the plasma science instrument on Voyager but are lower than estimates based on other models of Neptunian plasma wave phenomenology. If this wave mode is not a natural emission, it might arise from an unusual interaction of the spacecraft with the cold, dense ambient plasma.

  8. Detection of 610-MHz radio emission from hot magnetic stars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandra, P.; Wade, G. A.; Sundqvist, J. O.; Oberoi, D.; Grunhut, J. H.; ud-Doula, A.; Petit, V.; Cohen, D. H.; Oksala, M. E.; David-Uraz, A.

    2015-09-01

    We have carried out a study of radio emission from a small sample of magnetic O- and B-type stars using the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope, with the goal of investigating their magnetospheres at low frequencies. These are the lowest frequency radio measurements ever obtained of hot magnetic stars. The observations were taken at random rotational phases in the 1390 and the 610 MHz bands. Out of the eight stars, we detect five B-type stars in both the 1390 and the 610 MHz bands. The three O-type stars were observed only in the 1390 MHz band, and no detections were obtained. We explain this result as a consequence of free-free absorption by the free-flowing stellar wind exterior to the confined magnetosphere. We also study the variability of individual stars. One star - HD 133880 - exhibits remarkably strong and rapid variability of its low-frequency flux density. We discuss the possibility of this emission being coherent emission as reported for CU Vir by Trigilio et al.

  9. Neptune radio emission - Predictions based on planetary scaling laws

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Desch, Michael D.

    1988-01-01

    In this paper a prediction is advanced concerning Neptune's low-frequency radio emission based on the radiometric Bode's law for radio planets in combination with the magnetostrophic scaling law for magnetized planets. The total emitted radio power is predicted to be about 1.6 x 10 to the 7th W, very nearly the same as that predicted and observed for Uranus. Possible emission spectral shapes, based on Saturn and earth-like models, are shown. Using these models, the radio emission frequency range is predicted to extend from approximately 100 to just over 1000 kHz, with a spectral peak between 350 and 500 kHz. If radiation is beamed approximately in the sunward direction, Neptune should be detectable by the planetary radio astronomy experiment onboard the Voyager spacecraft sometime between 45 and 90 days before closest approach. This detection is likely to represent the first direct evidence of a Neptune magnetic field. Possible implications for Neptune's magnetosphere with regard to the time of first detection are discussed.

  10. Ionosphere-magnetosphere studies using ground based VLF radio propagation technique: an Indian example

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chakravarty, Subhas

    Since IGY period (1957-58), natural and artificially produced Very Low Frequency (VLF) elec-tromagnetic radiations are being recorded at large number of ground stations all over the world and on-board satellites to study various radio wave-thermal/energetic plasma interactive pro-cesses related to earth's ionosphere-plasmasphere-magnetosphere environment. The terrestrial propagation of these VLF radio waves are primarily enabled through the earth ionosphere wave guide (EIWG) mode to long horizontal distances around the globe and ducted along the ge-omagnetic field lines into the conjugate hemisphere through the plasmasphere-magnetosphere regions. The time frequency spectra of the received signals indicate presence of dispersion (wave/group velocities changing with frequency) and various cut-off frequencies based on the width of the EIWG, electron gyro and plasma frequencies etc., providing several types of received signals like whistlers, chorus, tweeks, hiss and hisslers which can be heard on loud-speakers/earphones with distinguishing audio structures. While the VLF technique has been a very effective tool for studying middle and high latitude phenomena, the importance of the similar and anomalous observations over the Indian low latitude stations provide potentially new challenges for their scientific interpretation and modelling. The ducted and non-ducted magnetospheric propagation, pro-longitudinal (PL) mode, low latitude TRIMPI/TLE (Tran-sient Luminous Emissions) or other effects of wave-particle/wave-wave interactions, effects due to ionospheric irregularities and electric fields, full wave solutions to D-region ionisation per-turbations due to solar and stellar energetic X-and γ ray emissions during normal and flaring conditions are a few problems which have been addressed in these low latitude studies over India. Since the conjugate points of Indian stations lie over the Indian oceanic region, the VLF propagation effects would be relatively free from

  11. Multi-parameter Correlation of Jovian Radio Emissions with Solar Wind and Interplanetary Magnetic Field Data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    MacDowall, R. J.; Golla, T.; Reiner, M. J.; Farrell, W. M.

    2015-12-01

    Variability of the numerous varieties of Jovian radio emission has been associated with aspects of solar wind (SW) and interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) parameters outside the magnetosphere. Here we demonstrate multiple-parameter correlations that relate each of several Jovian emissions, including bKOM and quasi-periodic bursts, to the SW and IMF impacting the Jovian magnetosphere. The data used are from the Ulysses spacecraft with radio data from the Unified Radio and Plasma wave (URAP) instrument, which provides high-quality remote radio observations of the Jovian emissions. The URAP observations are correlated with SW and IMF data from the relevant instruments on Ulysses, propagated to the nose of the Jovian magnetosphere with a sophisticated code. Because the aphelion of the Ulysses orbit was at the Jovian distance from the Sun, Ulysses spent ample time near Jupiter in 1991-1992 and 2003-2004, which are the intervals analyzed. Our results can be inverted such that radio observations by a Jovian orbiter, such as Cassini or Juno, are able to identify SW/IMF changes based on the behavior of the radio emissions.

  12. Nature of Coherent Radio Emission from Pulsars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mitra, Dipanjan

    2017-09-01

    The pulsar radio emission originates from regions below 10% of the light cylinder radius. This requires a mechanism where coherent emission is excited in relativistic pair plasma with frequency ν _{cr} which is below the plasma frequency ν_{°} i.e. ν _{cr} < ν_{°}. A possible model for the emission mechanism is charged bunches (charged solitons) moving relativistically along the curved open dipolar magnetic field lines capable of exciting coherent curvature radio emission. In this article, we review the results from high quality observations in conjunction with theoretical models to unravel the nature of coherent curvature radio emission in pulsars.

  13. ISEE-3 observations of the earth's radio continuum through the bow shock and magnetosheath and in the magnetosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Steinberg, J.-L.; Hoang, S.; Lacombe, C.; Zwickl, R. D.

    1988-01-01

    On October 1 1983, ISEE-3 crossed the earth's bow shock several times and entered the magnetosphere while continuously recording the nonthermal continuum (NTC) radio emission which is generated inside the magnetosphere. The effects of the solar wind, the bow shock, the magnetosheath, and the magnetopause on the propagation of the NTC are studied. On that day it is found that: (1) the relative values of the NTC low frequency cut-off in the solar wind and in the magnetosheath is due to an unusually high density overshoot in the bow shock, 7 to 11 times the solar wind density; (2) refraction at the interface between the magnetosheath and the solar wind can explain most of the decrease in the source angular size when the observer travels away from the earth; (3) plasma density irregularities in the magnetosheath cause considerable scattering of the NTC, and this effect gives a large apparent size to the NTC source when observed from inside the magnetosheath; and (4) the apparent source is also relatively large inside the magnetosphere, probably due to an approach to ray isotropy caused by oblique reflections from the magnetopause.

  14. Periodic bursts of Jovian non-Io decametric radio emission

    PubMed Central

    Panchenko, M.; Rucker, H.O.; Farrell, W.M.

    2013-01-01

    During the years 2000–2011 the radio instruments onboard Cassini, Wind and STEREO spacecraft have recorded a large amount of the Jovian decametric radio emission (DAM). In this paper we report on the analysis of the new type of Jovian periodic radio bursts recently revealed in the decametric frequency range. These bursts, which are non-Io component of DAM, are characterized by a strong periodic reoccurrence over several Jovian days with a period ≈1.5% longer than the rotation rate of the planet's magnetosphere (System III). The bursts are typically observed between 4 and 12 MHz and their occurrence probability has been found to be significantly higher in the sector of Jovian Central Meridian Longitude between 300° and 60° (via 360°). The stereoscopic multispacecraft observations have shown that the radio sources of the periodic bursts radiate in a non-axisymmetric hollow cone-like pattern and sub-corotate with Jupiter remaining active during several planet's rotations. The occurrence of the periodic non-Io DAM bursts is strongly correlated with pulses of the solar wind ram pressure at Jupiter. Moreover the periodic bursts exhibit a tendency to occur in groups every ∼25 days. The polarization measurements have shown that the periodic bursts are right hand polarized radio emission associated with the Northern magnetic hemisphere of Jupiter. We suggest that periodic non-Io DAM bursts may be connected with the interchange instability in Io plasma torus triggered by the solar wind. PMID:23585696

  15. Periodic bursts of Jovian non-Io decametric radio emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Panchenko, M.; Rucker, H. O.; Farrell, W. M.

    2013-03-01

    During the years 2000-2011 the radio instruments onboard Cassini, Wind and STEREO spacecraft have recorded a large amount of the Jovian decametric radio emission (DAM). In this paper we report on the analysis of the new type of Jovian periodic radio bursts recently revealed in the decametric frequency range. These bursts, which are non-Io component of DAM, are characterized by a strong periodic reoccurrence over several Jovian days with a period ≈1.5% longer than the rotation rate of the planet's magnetosphere (System III). The bursts are typically observed between 4 and 12 MHz and their occurrence probability has been found to be significantly higher in the sector of Jovian Central Meridian Longitude between 300° and 60° (via 360°). The stereoscopic multispacecraft observations have shown that the radio sources of the periodic bursts radiate in a non-axisymmetric hollow cone-like pattern and sub-corotate with Jupiter remaining active during several planet's rotations. The occurrence of the periodic non-Io DAM bursts is strongly correlated with pulses of the solar wind ram pressure at Jupiter. Moreover the periodic bursts exhibit a tendency to occur in groups every ∼25 days. The polarization measurements have shown that the periodic bursts are right hand polarized radio emission associated with the Northern magnetic hemisphere of Jupiter. We suggest that periodic non-Io DAM bursts may be connected with the interchange instability in Io plasma torus triggered by the solar wind.

  16. Periodic Bursts of Jovian Non-Io Decametric Radio Emission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Panchenko, M.; Rucker, H O.; Farrell, W. M.

    2013-01-01

    During the years 2000-2011 the radio instruments onboard Cassini, Wind and STEREO spacecraft have Recorded a large amount of the Jovian decametric radio emission (DAM). In this paper we report on the analysis of the new type of Jovian periodic radio bursts recently revealed in the decametric frequency range. These bursts, which are non-Io component of DAM, are characterized by a strong periodic reoccurrence over several Jovian days with a period approx. = 1:5% longer than the rotation rate of the planet's magnetosphere (System III). The bursts are typically observed between 4 and 12 MHz and their occurrence probability has been found to be significantly higher in the sector of Jovian Central Meridian Longitude between 300 deg. and 60 deg. (via 360 deg.). The stereoscopic multispacecraft observations have shown that the radio sources of the periodic bursts radiate in a non-axisymmetric hollow cone-like pattern and sub-corotate with Jupiter remaining active during several planet's rotations. The occurrence of the periodic non-Io DAM bursts is strongly correlated with pulses of the solar wind ram pressure at Jupiter. Moreover the periodic bursts exhibit a tendency to occur in groups every approx. 25 days. The polarization measurements have shown that the periodic bursts are right hand polarized radio emission associated with the Northern magnetic hemisphere of Jupiter. We suggest that periodic non-Io DAM bursts may be connected with the interchange instability in Io plasma torus triggered by the solar wind.

  17. Periodic bursts of Jovian non-Io decametric radio emission.

    PubMed

    Panchenko, M; Rucker, H O; Farrell, W M

    2013-03-01

    During the years 2000-2011 the radio instruments onboard Cassini, Wind and STEREO spacecraft have recorded a large amount of the Jovian decametric radio emission (DAM). In this paper we report on the analysis of the new type of Jovian periodic radio bursts recently revealed in the decametric frequency range. These bursts, which are non-Io component of DAM, are characterized by a strong periodic reoccurrence over several Jovian days with a period [Formula: see text] longer than the rotation rate of the planet's magnetosphere (System III). The bursts are typically observed between 4 and 12 MHz and their occurrence probability has been found to be significantly higher in the sector of Jovian Central Meridian Longitude between 300° and 60° (via 360°). The stereoscopic multispacecraft observations have shown that the radio sources of the periodic bursts radiate in a non-axisymmetric hollow cone-like pattern and sub-corotate with Jupiter remaining active during several planet's rotations. The occurrence of the periodic non-Io DAM bursts is strongly correlated with pulses of the solar wind ram pressure at Jupiter. Moreover the periodic bursts exhibit a tendency to occur in groups every [Formula: see text] days. The polarization measurements have shown that the periodic bursts are right hand polarized radio emission associated with the Northern magnetic hemisphere of Jupiter. We suggest that periodic non-Io DAM bursts may be connected with the interchange instability in Io plasma torus triggered by the solar wind.

  18. Radio emission in peculiar galaxies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Demellorabaca, Dulia F.; Abraham, Zulema

    1990-01-01

    During the last decades a number of surveys of peculiar galaxies have been carried out and accurate positions become available. Since peculiarities are a possible evidence of radio emission (Wright, 1974; Sulentic, 1976; Stocke et al., 1978), the authors selected a sample of 24 peculiar galaxies with optical jet-like features or extensions in different optical catalogues, mainly the Catalogue of Southern Peculiar Galaxies and Associations (Arp and Madore, 1987) and the ESO/Uppsala Survey of the ESO(B) Atlas (Lauberts, 1982) for observation at the radio continuum frequency of 22 GHz. The sample is listed in a table. Sol (1987) studied this sample and concluded that the majority of the jet-like features seem to admit an explanation in terms of interactive galaxies with bridges and/or tails due to tidal effects. Only in a few cases do the jets seem to be possibly linked to some nuclear activity of the host galaxy. The observations were made with the 13.7m-radome enclosed Itapetinga Radiotelescope (HPBW of 4.3 arcmin), in Brazil. The receiver was a 1 GHz d.s.b. super-heterodine mixer operated in total-power mode, with a system temperature of approximately 800 K. The observational technique consisted in scans in right ascention, centralized in the optical position of the galaxy. The amplitude of one scan was 43 arcmin, and its duration time was 20 seconds. The integration time was at least 2 hours (12 ten-minute observations) and the sensibility limit adopted was an antenna temperature greater than 3 times the r.m.s. error of the baseline determination. Virgo A was used as the calibrator source. Three galaxies were detected for the first time as radio sources and four other known galaxies at low frequencies had their flux densities measured at 22 GHz. The results for these sources are presented.

  19. Radio Continuum Emission from FS CMa Stars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodríguez, L. F.; Báez-Rubio, A.; Miroshnichenko, A. S.

    2012-04-01

    The FS CMa stars exhibit bright optical emission-line spectra and strong IR excesses. Very little is known of their radio characteristics. We analyzed archive Very Large Array data to search for radio continuum emission in a sample of them. There are good quality data for seven of the ~40 known FS CMa stars. Of these seven stars, five turn out to have associated radio emission. Two of these stars, CI Cam and MWC 300, have been previously reported in the literature as radio emitters. We present and briefly discuss the radio detection of the other three sources: FS CMa (the prototype of the class), AS 381, and MWC 922. The radio emission is most probably of a free-free nature but additional observations are required to better characterize it.

  20. Simultaneous Radio and UV Observations of Brown Dwarfs: Looking for the UV Counterpart to Auroral Radio Emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pineda, J. Sebastian; Hallinan, Gregg; France, Kevin

    2017-05-01

    The strong rotationally pulsed radio emission observed from some ultracool dwarfs provides strong evidence for the existence of highly accelerated energetic electron beams powered by strong magnetospheric current systems pervading their magnetospheres. These beams precipitate into the cool atmosphere, depositing their energy, and generating a host of multi-wavelength auroral emissions, like Hα. We report on our simultaneous VLA and HST-COS observations of known radio brown dwarfs looking to observe the electronically excited emissions of molecular hydrogen in the far ultraviolet and their relation to known auroral radio emissions. Our monitoring observations of the radio ultracool dwarfs TVLM513-46546 and LSRJ1836+3259 show no strong indications of any FUV emission, despite significant rotational phase coverage over the course of the Hubble orbits. We discuss potential implications of these results for the strength of the auroral electron beams, atmospheric energy deposition and the possibility of significant atmospheric absorption. We use these results to motivate considerations for the ability of future missions like LUVOIR to detect brown dwarf UV auroral emissions.

  1. Radio emissions from RHESSI TGFs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mezentsev, Andrey; Østgaard, Nikolai; Gjesteland, Thomas; Albrechtsen, Kjetil; Cummer, Steven

    2016-04-01

    The discovery of bursts of energetic photons coming out to space from the Earth's atmosphere, referred to as terrsetrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs), has stimulated research activity investigating different aspects of the TGF generation and accompanying processes. Two models of the TGF production are nowadays competing to explain the observations of the TGFs and related phenomena. One of the models involves the feedback mechanism enhancing the production rate of the runaway electrons in the ambient electric field of a thundercloud. Another model considers runaway electrons accelerated in the strong local electric field in front of the upward propagating negative leader of the +IC. We performed a detailed analysis of RHESSI TGFs detected between August 2004 and September 2015. It was reported that the RHESSI satellite clock has a systematic error of ˜ 1.8 ms, but the exact value remained unknown, also it was unclear if this systematic clock error is changing with time or not. We compared RHESSI TGFs with the world wide lightning location network (WWLLN) database and found the distribution of the time delays between the TGF peak times and associated WWLLN detections. This distribution allowed us to find the value of the RHESSI systematic clock offset with the microsecond accuracy level. Also we found that this offset experienced two changes: in August 2005 and in October 2013, which was confirmed by two independent ways. We found that in case of double TGFs WWLLN detection corresponds to the second TGF of the pair. VLF magnetic field recordings from the Duke University also attribute radio sferics to the second TGF, exhibiting no detectable radio emission during the first TGFs of the TGF pairs. We have proposed a possible scenario that is consistent with the observations. This scenario supports the leader-based model of the TGF generation. Spectral characteristics of 77 sferics recorded by the Duke University VLF sensors and related to the RHEESI TGFs show that maximal

  2. Models of Uranium continuum radio emission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Romig, Joseph H.; Evans, David R.; Sawyer, Constance B.; Schweitzer, Andrea E.; Warwick, James W.

    1987-01-01

    Uranium continuum radio emission detected by the Voyager 2 Planetary Radio Astronomy experiment during the January 1986 encounter is considered. The continuum emissions comprised four components (equatorial emissions, anomaly emissions, strong nightside emissions, and weak nightside emissions) associated with different sources. The equatorial emissions appeared most prominently during the days before closest approach and extended from 40 kHz or below to about 120 kHz. The anomaly emissions were seen about 12 hours before closest approach and extended to about 250 kHz. The agreement found between Miranda's phase and strong radio emission at 20.4 kHz, just after closest approach, suggests intense dynamic activity on the Miranda L shell.

  3. Controlled stimulation of magnetospheric electrons by radio waves Experimental model for lightning effects

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Goldberg, R. A.; Curtis, S. A.; Barcus, J. R.; Siefring, C. L.; Kelley, M. C.

    1983-01-01

    Magnetospheric electrons precipitated by ground-based coded very low frequency radio transmissions have been detected by rocket measurement of bremsstrahlung X-rays, caused by impact of the electrons with the upper atmosphere. The direct correlations obtained between the very low frequency signals and the X-rays demonstrate the limits of sensitivity required and indicate that this remote sensing technique would be useful for future study of very low frequency effects induced by single lightning strokes.

  4. Controlled stimulation of magnetospheric electrons by radio waves: experimental model for lightning effects.

    PubMed

    Goldberg, R A; Curtis, S A; Barcus, J R; Siefring, C L; Kelley, M C

    1983-03-18

    Magnetospheric electrons precipitated by ground-based coded very low frequency radio transmissions have been detected by rocket measurement of bremsstrahlung x-rays, caused by impact of the electrons with the upper atmosphere. The direct correlations obtained between the very low frequency signals and the x-rays demonstrate the limits of sensitivity required and indicate that this remote sensing technique would be useful for future study of very low frequency effects induced by single lightning strokes.

  5. Controlled stimulation of magnetospheric electrons by radio waves Experimental model for lightning effects

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Goldberg, R. A.; Curtis, S. A.; Barcus, J. R.; Siefring, C. L.; Kelley, M. C.

    1983-01-01

    Magnetospheric electrons precipitated by ground-based coded very low frequency radio transmissions have been detected by rocket measurement of bremsstrahlung X-rays, caused by impact of the electrons with the upper atmosphere. The direct correlations obtained between the very low frequency signals and the X-rays demonstrate the limits of sensitivity required and indicate that this remote sensing technique would be useful for future study of very low frequency effects induced by single lightning strokes.

  6. AURORAL RADIO EMISSION FROM STARS: THE CASE OF CU VIRGINIS

    SciTech Connect

    Trigilio, Corrado; Leto, Paolo; Umana, Grazia; Buemi, Carla S.; Leone, Francesco

    2011-09-20

    CU Virginis is a rapidly rotating Magnetic Chemically Peculiar star with at present unique characteristics as a radio emitter. The most intriguing one is the presence of intense, 100% circularly polarized radiation ascribed to a cyclotron maser. Each time the star rotates, this highly beamed emission points two times toward the Earth, like a pulsar. We observed CU Vir in 2010 April with the Expanded Very Large Array in two bands centered at 1450 and 1850 MHz. We covered nearly the whole rotational period, confirming the presence of the two pulses at a flux density up to 20 mJy. Dynamical spectra, obtained with unprecedented spectral and temporal sensitivity, allow us to clearly see the different time delays as a function of frequency. We interpret this behavior as a propagation effect of the radiation inside the stellar magnetosphere. The emerging scenario suggests interesting similarities with the auroral radio emission from planets, in particular with the Auroral Kilometric Radiation from Earth, which originates at few terrestrial radii above the magnetic poles and was only recently discovered to be highly beamed. We conclude that the magnetospheres of CU Vir, Earth, and other planets, maybe also exoplanets, could have similar geometrical and physical characteristics in the regions where the cyclotron maser is generated. In addition, the pulses are perfect 'markers' of the rotation period. This has given us for the first time the possibility to measure with extraordinary accuracy the spin-down of a star on or near the main sequence.

  7. Non-thermal radio emission from Saturn

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Warwick, J. W.

    1978-01-01

    Direct, strong evidence for non-thermal radio emission from Saturn exists in the hectometric data observed by Imp 6. The planet has been tentatively identified as a decametric source, but the most sensitive and most recent data fail to confirm this. At metric or decimetric wavelengths Saturn has no non-thermal emission like Jupiter's synchrotron sources. Finally, a comparative study of Earth and Jupiter radio emissions suggests lightning discharges.

  8. Triggering process of whistler mode chorus emissions in the magnetosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Omura, Yoshiharu; Nunn, David

    2011-05-01

    Chorus emissions are triggered from the linear cyclotron instability driven by the temperature anisotropy of energetic electrons (10-100 keV) in the magnetosphere. Chorus emissions grow as an absolute nonlinear instability near the magnetic equator because of the presence of an electromagnetic electron hole in velocity space. The transition process from the linear wave growth at a constant frequency to the nonlinear wave growth with a rising tone frequency is due to formation of a resonant current -JB antiparallel to the wave magnetic field. The rising-tone frequency introduces a phase shift to the electron hole at the equator and results in a resonant current component antiparallel to the wave electric field -JE, which causes the nonlinear wave growth. To confirm this triggering mechanism, we perform Vlasov hybrid simulations with JB and without JB. The run without JB does not reproduce chorus emissions, while the run with JB does successfully reproduce chorus emissions. The nonlinear frequency shift ω1 due to JB plays a critical role in the triggering process. The nonlinear transition time TN for the frequency shift is found to be of the same order as the nonlinear trapping period, which is confirmed by simulations and observation. The established frequency sweep rate is ω1/TN, which gives an optimum wave amplitude of chorus emissions.

  9. Gamma ray emission from radio pulsars

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Romani, Roger W.

    1994-01-01

    While the proposed research received partial funding under this grant, during the term of support substantial progress was made on the development of a new model for the emission of gamma-rays from isolated rotation-powered pulsars. In phase one of the work, we showed how a modified version of the 'outer gap' model of pulsar emission could reproduce the double peaked profiles seen in CGRO pulsar observations. This work also demonstrated the spectrum of gap radiation varies significantly with position in the magnetosphere, and produced approximate computations of the emission from outer magnetosphere gap zones, including primary curvature radiation, gamma - gamma pair production and synchrotron radiation and inverse Compton scattering by the resulting secondary particles. This work was followed in phase two by a more complete treatment of the geometry of the radiation zone, and improved connections with observations at other wavelengths.

  10. Prompt Radio Emission from Gamma Ray Bursts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gotthardt, Noelle

    2010-02-01

    Gamma-ray bursts have been observed, but these enigmatic objects are yet unexplained. These short duration events are undoubtedly due to high-energy events. Fading optical emission and even radio emission has been observed from such events, but prompt radio emission from these events would be very useful in pinning down the physics of the bursts, the nature of the progenitor object,and possibly the medium in which it occurs. If these phenomena occur at large redshifts, there is the possibility that the observations could probe the Epoch of Reionization, or the intergalactic medium. A number of models have been proposed to explain the gamma-ray bursts, ranging from compact object mergers, to maser-like coherent emission. These models are not well constrained by current observations. Prompt radio emission may be detected by a transient radio array. I will discuss a planned search for such signals by the Eight-meter-wavelength Transient Array (ETA). )

  11. Backward wave cyclotron-maser emission in the auroral magnetosphere.

    PubMed

    Speirs, D C; Bingham, R; Cairns, R A; Vorgul, I; Kellett, B J; Phelps, A D R; Ronald, K

    2014-10-10

    In this Letter, we present theory and particle-in-cell simulations describing cyclotron radio emission from Earth's auroral region and similar phenomena in other astrophysical environments. In particular, we find that the radiation, generated by a down-going electron horseshoe distribution is due to a backward-wave cyclotron-maser emission process. The backward wave nature of the radiation contributes to upward refraction of the radiation that is also enhanced by a density inhomogeneity. We also show that the radiation is preferentially amplified along the auroral oval rather than transversely. The results are in agreement with recent Cluster observations.

  12. Roles Played by Electrostatic Waves in Producing Radio Emissions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cairns, Iver H.

    2000-01-01

    Processes in which electromagnetic radiation is produced directly or indirectly via intermediate waves are reviewed. It is shown that strict theoretical constraints exist for electrons to produce nonthermal levels of radiation directly by the Cerenkov or cyclotron resonances. In contrast, indirect emission processes in which intermediary plasma waves are converted into radiation are often favored on general and specific grounds. Four classes of mechanisms involving the conversion of electrostatic waves into radiation are linear mode conversion, hybrid linear/nonlinear mechanisms, nonlinear wave-wave and wave-particle processes, and radiation from localized wave packets. These processes are reviewed theoretically and observational evidence summarized for their occurrence. Strong evidence exists that specific nonlinear wave processes and mode conversion can explain quantitatively phenomena involving type III solar radio bursts and ionospheric emissions. On the other hand, no convincing evidence exists that magnetospheric continuum radiation is produced by mode conversion instead of nonlinear wave processes. Further research on these processes is needed.

  13. A test of magnetospheric radio tomographic imaging with IMAGE and WIND

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cummer, S. A.; Reiner, M. J.; Reinisch, B. W.; Kaiser, M. L.; Green, J. L.; Benson, R. F.; Manning, R.; Goetz, K.

    Theoretical studies have shown the potential scientific value of multi-spacecraft radio tomographic imaging of the magnetosphere. The <10 RE WIND perigee passes during August 2000 afforded a unique opportunity to test and verify the capabilities of radio tomography by measuring interspacecraft electromagnetic wave propagation parameters using the Radio Plasma Imager (RPI) on IMAGE as the transmitter and the WAVES instrument on WIND as the receiver. The primary goal of this experiment was to measure Faraday rotation variations in the RPI signal and interpret them in terms of the path-integrated magnetic field and electron density. A special 6 W linearly-polarized 828 kHz RPI signal was clearly detected by WAVES more than 6 RE away and showed a distinct signature of time-varying Faraday rotation. We show how changes in the path-integrated electron density/magnetic field product can be unambiguously measured from this continuous, low signal to noise ratio, single frequency measurement.

  14. Solar emission levels at low radio frequencies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Erickson, W. C.

    1990-01-01

    Solar radio emission could seriously interfere with observations made by a low frequency (1 to 10 MHz) array in space. International Sun-Earth Explorer (ISEE-3) radio data were used to determine solar emission level. The results indicate that solar emission should seriously disturb less than ten percent of the data, even during the years of solar maximum. Thus it appears that solar emission should not cause a disastrous loss of data. The information needed to design procedures to excise solar interference from the data produced by any low-frequency array is provided.

  15. Spectral Interpretation of Radio Sounder-Stimulated Magnetospheric Plasma Resonances in Terms of Kappa Distributions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Benson, Robert F.; Vinas, Adolfo, F.; Fainberg, Joseph; Osherovich, Vladimir A.; Purser, Carola M.; Galkin, Ivan A.; Reinisch, Bodo W.

    2011-01-01

    Magnetosphere sounders stimulate plasma resonances between the harmonics of the electron cyclotron frequency and above the upper-hybrid frequency. More than three decades ago they were recognized as equivalent to ionospheric topside-sounder-stimulated resonances, designated as Qn resonances a decade earlier, with one important difference: the magnetospheric Qn frequencies often indicated that the background electron-velocity distribution was non-Maxwellian. Interpretations based on bi-Maxwellian and kappa distributions have been proposed. Here we expand on the latter, which requires fewer free parameters, by comparing kappa-derived Qn frequencies with observations from the Radio Plasma Imager on the Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) satellite.

  16. Radio emissions and the heliospheric termination shock

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zank, G. P.; Cairns, I. H.; Donohue, D. J.; Matthaeus, W. H.

    1994-01-01

    With the Voyager spacecrafts' discovery of low-frequency radio emissions from the depths of the outer heliosphere has come the realization that the boundaries between our heliosphere and the local interstellar medium have been detected. A model is presented here that can account for the observed radio emissions, based upon a termination shock modified by the dynamical effect of galactic and anomalous cosmic rays. Frequency and time domain properties of both continuum and transient radio events are explained, and new estimates for the distance to the termination shock (approximately 60-70 astronomical units) and the heliopause (less than or approximately 90 AU) are given.

  17. Transient pulsed radio emission from a magnetar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Camilo, Fernando; Ransom, Scott M.; Halpern, Jules P.; Reynolds, John; Helfand, David J.; Zimmerman, Neil; Sarkissian, John

    2006-08-01

    Anomalous X-ray pulsars (AXPs) are slowly rotating neutron stars with very bright and highly variable X-ray emission that are believed to be powered by ultra-strong magnetic fields of >1014 G, according to the `magnetar' model. The radio pulsations that have been observed from more than 1,700 neutron stars with weaker magnetic fields have never been detected from any of the dozen known magnetars. The X-ray pulsar XTE J1810 - 197 was revealed (in 2003) as the first AXP with transient emission when its luminosity increased 100-fold from the quiescent level; a coincident radio source of unknown origin was detected one year later. Here we show that XTE J1810 - 197 emits bright, narrow, highly linearly polarized radio pulses, observed at every rotation, thereby establishing that magnetars can be radio pulsars. There is no evidence of radio emission before the 2003 X-ray outburst (unlike ordinary pulsars, which emit radio pulses all the time), and the flux varies from day to day. The flux at all radio frequencies is approximately equal-and at >20GHz XTE J1810 - 197 is currently the brightest neutron star known. These observations link magnetars to ordinary radio pulsars, rule out alternative accretion models for AXPs, and provide a new window into the coronae of magnetars.

  18. Transient pulsed radio emission from a magnetar.

    PubMed

    Camilo, Fernando; Ransom, Scott M; Halpern, Jules P; Reynolds, John; Helfand, David J; Zimmerman, Neil; Sarkissian, John

    2006-08-24

    Anomalous X-ray pulsars (AXPs) are slowly rotating neutron stars with very bright and highly variable X-ray emission that are believed to be powered by ultra-strong magnetic fields of >10(14) G, according to the 'magnetar' model. The radio pulsations that have been observed from more than 1,700 neutron stars with weaker magnetic fields have never been detected from any of the dozen known magnetars. The X-ray pulsar XTE J1810-197 was revealed (in 2003) as the first AXP with transient emission when its luminosity increased 100-fold from the quiescent level; a coincident radio source of unknown origin was detected one year later. Here we show that XTE J1810-197 emits bright, narrow, highly linearly polarized radio pulses, observed at every rotation, thereby establishing that magnetars can be radio pulsars. There is no evidence of radio emission before the 2003 X-ray outburst (unlike ordinary pulsars, which emit radio pulses all the time), and the flux varies from day to day. The flux at all radio frequencies is approximately equal--and at >20 GHz XTE J1810-197 is currently the brightest neutron star known. These observations link magnetars to ordinary radio pulsars, rule out alternative accretion models for AXPs, and provide a new window into the coronae of magnetars.

  19. Optical emission in the radio lobes of radio galaxies. II - New observations of 21 radio lobes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crane, P.; Tyson, J. A.; Saslaw, W. C.

    1983-02-01

    The authors report new identifications of optical emission associated with the radio lobes of double radio galaxies. Optical emission is present in the outer radio structure of the sources 3C 219, 3C 244.1, 3C 247, 3C 252, 3C 268.2, 3C 321, 3C 319, 3C 337, and possibly in 3C 330. The authors have not found emission to the detection limit of V ≡ 24 in the sources 3C 79, 3C 173.1, 3C 223, 3C 325, and 3C 381. Of the 21 separate sources in optical studies of extended lobes of radio galaxies reported to date, 16 radio sources observed so far show significant optical emission within one or both lobes, while in 11 of these the optical object is within 2arcsec of the radio peak.

  20. Gamma-Ray Emission in Dissipative Pulsar Magnetospheres: from Theory to Fermi Observations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kalapotharakos, Konstantinos; Harding, Alice K.; Kazanas, Demosthenes

    2014-01-01

    We compute the patterns of gamma-ray emission due to curvature radiation in dissipative pulsar magnetospheres. Our ultimate goal is to construct macrophysical models that are able to reproduce the observed gamma-ray light curve phenomenology recently published in the Second Fermi Pulsar Catalog. We apply specific forms of Ohm's law on the open field lines using a broad range for the macroscopic conductivity values that result in solutions ranging, from near-vacuum to near-force-free. Using these solutions, we generate model gamma-ray light curves by calculating realistic trajectories and Lorentz factors of radiating particles under the influence of both the accelerating electric fields and curvature radiation reaction. We further constrain our models using the observed dependence of the phase lags between the radio and gamma-ray emission on the gamma-ray peak separation. We perform a statistical comparison of our model radio-lag versus peak-separation diagram and the one obtained for the Fermi standard pulsars. We find that for models of uniform conductivity over the entire open magnetic field line region, agreement with observations favors higher values of this parameter. We find, however, significant improvement in fitting the data with models that employ a hybrid form of conductivity, specifically, infinite conductivity interior to the light cylinder and high but finite conductivity on the outside. In these models the gamma-ray emission is produced in regions near the equatorial current sheet but modulated by the local physical properties. These models have radio lags near the observed values and statistically best reproduce the observed light curve phenomenology. Additionally, they also produce GeV photon cut-off energies.

  1. Gamma-ray emission in dissipative pulsar magnetospheres: from theory to Fermi observations

    SciTech Connect

    Kalapotharakos, Constantinos; Harding, Alice K.; Kazanas, Demosthenes

    2014-10-01

    We compute the patterns of γ-ray emission due to curvature radiation in dissipative pulsar magnetospheres. Our ultimate goal is to construct macrophysical models that are able to reproduce the observed γ-ray light curve phenomenology recently published in the Second Fermi Pulsar Catalog. We apply specific forms of Ohm's law on the open field lines using a broad range for the macroscopic conductivity values that result in solutions ranging, from near-vacuum to near-force-free. Using these solutions, we generate model γ-ray light curves by calculating realistic trajectories and Lorentz factors of radiating particles under the influence of both the accelerating electric fields and curvature radiation reaction. We further constrain our models using the observed dependence of the phase lags between the radio and γ-ray emission on the γ-ray peak separation. We perform a statistical comparison of our model radio-lag versus peak-separation diagram and the one obtained for the Fermi standard pulsars. We find that for models of uniform conductivity over the entire open magnetic field line region, agreement with observations favors higher values of this parameter. We find, however, significant improvement in fitting the data with models that employ a hybrid form of conductivity, specifically, infinite conductivity interior to the light cylinder and high but finite conductivity on the outside. In these models the γ-ray emission is produced in regions near the equatorial current sheet but modulated by the local physical properties. These models have radio lags near the observed values and statistically best reproduce the observed light curve phenomenology. Additionally, they also produce GeV photon cut-off energies.

  2. Pair Production and Gamma-Ray Emission in the Outer Magnetospheres of Rapidly Spinning Young Pulsars

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ruderman, Malvin; Chen, Kaiyou

    1997-01-01

    Electron-positron pair production and acceleration in the outer magnetosphere may be crucial for a young rapidly spinning canonical pulsar to be a strong Gamma-ray emitter. Collision between curvature radiated GeV photons and soft X-ray photons seems to be the only efficient pair production mechanism. For Crib-like pulsars, the magnetic field near the light cylinder is so strong, such that the synchrotron radiation of secondary pairs will be in the needed X-ray range. However, for majority of the known Gamma-ray pulsars, surface emitted X-rays seem to work as the matches and fuels for a gamma-ray generation fireball in the outer magnetosphere. The needed X-rays could come from thermal emission of a cooling neutron star or could be the heat generated by bombardment of the polar cap by energetic particles generated in the outer magnetosphere. With detection of more Gamma-ray pulsars, it is becoming evident that the neutron star's intrisic geometry (the inclination angle between the rotation and magnetic axes) and observational geometry (the viewing angle with respect to the rotation axis) are crucial to the understanding of varieties of observational properties exhibited by these pulsars. Inclination angles for many known high energy Gamma-ray pulsars appear to be large and the distribution seems to be consistent with random orientation. However, all of them except Geminga are pre-selected from known radio pulsars. The viewing angles are thus limited to be around the respective inclination angles for beamed radio emission, which may induce strong selection effect. The viewing angles as well as the inclination angles of PSR 1509-58 and PSB 0656+14 may be small such that most of the high energy Gamma-rays produced in the outer accelerators may not reach the observer's direction. The observed Gamma-rays below 5 MeV from this pulsar may be synchrotron radiation of secondary electron-positron pairs produced outside the accelerating regions.

  3. Instrument technology for magnetosphere plasma imaging from high Earth orbit. Design of a radio plasma sounder

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Haines, D. Mark; Reinisch, Bodo W.

    1995-01-01

    The use of radio sounding techniques for the study of the ionospheric plasma dates back to G. Briet and M. A. Tuve in 1926. Ground based swept frequency sounders can monitor the electron number density (N(sub e)) as a function of height (the N(sub e) profile). These early instruments evolved into a global network that produced high-resolution displays of echo time delay vs frequency on 35-mm film. These instruments provided the foundation for the success of the International Geophysical Year (1958). The Alouette and International Satellites for Ionospheric Studies (ISIS) programs pioneered the used of spaceborne, swept frequency sounders to obtain N(sub e) profiles of the topside of the ionosphere, from a position above the electron density maximum. Repeated measurements during the orbit produced an orbital plane contour which routinely provided density measurements to within 10%. The Alouette/ISIS experience also showed that even with a high powered transmitter (compared to the low power sounder possible today) a radio sounder can be compatible with other imaging instruments on the same satellite. Digital technology was used on later spacecraft developed by the Japanese (the EXOS C and D) and the Soviets (Intercosmos 19 and Cosmos 1809). However, a full coherent pulse compression and spectral integrating capability, such as exist today for ground-based sounders (Reinisch et al., 1992), has never been put into space. NASA's 1990 Space Physics Strategy Implementation Study "The NASA Space Physics Program from 1995 to 2010" suggested using radio sounders to study the plasmasphere and the magnetopause and its boundary layers (Green and Fung, 1993). Both the magnetopause and plasmasphere, as well as the cusp and boundary layers, can be observed by a radio sounder in a high-inclination polar orbit with an apogee greater than 6 R(sub e) (Reiff et al., 1994; Calvert et al., 1995). Magnetospheric radio sounding from space will provide remote density measurements of

  4. Control of Jupiter's radio emission and aurorae by the solar wind.

    PubMed

    Gurnett, D A; Kurth, W S; Hospodarsky, G B; Persoon, A M; Zarka, P; Lecacheux, A; Bolton, S J; Desch, M D; Farrell, W M; Kaiser, M L; Ladreiter, H-P; Rucker, H O; Galopeau, P; Louarn, P; Young, D T; Pryor, W R; Dougherty, M K

    2002-02-28

    Radio emissions from Jupiter provided the first evidence that this giant planet has a strong magnetic field and a large magnetosphere. Jupiter also has polar aurorae, which are similar in many respects to Earth's aurorae. The radio emissions are believed to be generated along the high-latitude magnetic field lines by the same electrons that produce the aurorae, and both the radio emission in the hectometric frequency range and the aurorae vary considerably. The origin of the variability, however, has been poorly understood. Here we report simultaneous observations using the Cassini and Galileo spacecraft of hectometric radio emissions and extreme ultraviolet auroral emissions from Jupiter. Our results show that both of these emissions are triggered by interplanetary shocks propagating outward from the Sun. When such a shock arrives at Jupiter, it seems to cause a major compression and reconfiguration of the magnetosphere, which produces strong electric fields and therefore electron acceleration along the auroral field lines, similar to the processes that occur during geomagnetic storms at the Earth.

  5. Nonthermal Radio Emission and the HR Diagram

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gibson, D. M.

    1985-01-01

    Perhaps the most reliable indicator of non-radiative heating/momentum in a stellar atmosphere is the presence of nonthermal radio emission. To date, 77 normal stellar objects have been detected and identified as nonthermal sources. These stellar objects are tabulated herein. It is apparent that non-thermal radio emission is not ubiquitous across the HR diagram. This is clearly the case for the single stars; it is not as clear for the binaries unless the radio emission is associated with their late-type components. Choosing to make this association, the single stars and the late-type components are plotted together. The following picture emerges: (1) there are four locations on the HR diagram where non-thermal radio stars are found; (2) the peak incoherent 5 GHz luminosities show a suprisingly small range for stars within each class; (3) the fraction of stellar energy that escapes as radio emission can be estimated by comparing the integrated maximum radio luminosity to the bolometric luminosity; (4) there are no apparent differences in L sub R between binaries with two cool components, binaries with one hot and one cool component, and single stars for classes C and D; and (5) The late-type stars (classes B, C, and D) are located in parts of the HR diagram where there is reason to suspect that the surfaces of the stars are being braked with respect to their interiors.

  6. Nonthermal Radio Emission and the HR Diagram

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gibson, D. M.

    1985-01-01

    Perhaps the most reliable indicator of non-radiative heating/momentum in a stellar atmosphere is the presence of nonthermal radio emission. To date, 77 normal stellar objects have been detected and identified as nonthermal sources. These stellar objects are tabulated herein. It is apparent that non-thermal radio emission is not ubiquitous across the HR diagram. This is clearly the case for the single stars; it is not as clear for the binaries unless the radio emission is associated with their late-type components. Choosing to make this association, the single stars and the late-type components are plotted together. The following picture emerges: (1) there are four locations on the HR diagram where non-thermal radio stars are found; (2) the peak incoherent 5 GHz luminosities show a suprisingly small range for stars within each class; (3) the fraction of stellar energy that escapes as radio emission can be estimated by comparing the integrated maximum radio luminosity to the bolometric luminosity; (4) there are no apparent differences in L sub R between binaries with two cool components, binaries with one hot and one cool component, and single stars for classes C and D; and (5) The late-type stars (classes B, C, and D) are located in parts of the HR diagram where there is reason to suspect that the surfaces of the stars are being braked with respect to their interiors.

  7. On the elliptical polarization of Jupiter's decametric radio emission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Melrose, D. B.; Dulk, G. A.

    1991-01-01

    The origin of the 100 percent elliptical polarization of Jupiter's decametric radio emission is investigated. The transfer of polarized radiation when coupling of the Stokes parameters is important is studied, and it is found, in agreement with earlier authors, that the density in and near the source region must be so low that the polarization remains fixed along the ray path. The polarization of the cyclotron maser radiation in these circumstances is determined, and it is found that the dispersion relation of the rarefied plasma composed of energetic, anisotropic electrons is like that in the vacuum. It is also found that the growth rate is sufficient to saturate the maser and account for the observed brightness temperature. Possible sources of plasma in and near the source region in Jupiter's inner, polar magnetosphere are considered.

  8. An anomalous component of Neptune radio emission - Implications for the auroral zone

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Desch, M. D.; Farrell, W. M.; Kaiser, M. L.

    1991-01-01

    The Voyager planetary radio astronomy experiment detected a bursty, narrow-band radio emission originating in Neptune's magnetosphere. The time of occurrence of nearly all of the episodes of this bursty radio emission can be explained on the basis of a radio source located just above and to the east of the south magnetic offset tilted dipole (OTD) tip (Farrell et al., 1990). However, several episodes of bursty emission do not occur at the usual frequency and planetaray rotation phase for emissions of this type. The occurrences of these rarely seen anomalous episodes are shifted systematically in planetary longitude so as to be consistent with a source of emission to the southwest of the southern magnetic OTD pole. Owing to the proximity of these sources to the magnetic polar region, they are associated with an active auroral region. Therefore, at least from the standpoint of the radio emission, the picture that emerges is of an auroral zone with two emission hot spots approximately diametrically east and west of the south magnetic pole. The possibility of a complete radio-active auroral oval is discussed.

  9. Search for Radio Emission from HD80606b: a Highly Eccentric Exoplanet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Knapp, M.; Winterhalter, D.; Lazio, J.; Majid, W.; Kuiper, T.; Farrell, W. M.; Spitler, L.

    2014-12-01

    Exoplanetary radio emission is a potential goldmine of information about a wider sample of planetary interiors, dynamos, and magnetospheres than our solar system provides. To date, however, radio searches for exoplanetary radio emission have been unsuccessful likely because the observing frequencies are too high. Using the relatively new Low Frequency Array (LOFAR), we present analyses of observations of the highly eccentric Jovian exoplanet HD80606b during five epochs before and after the planet's periastron. All of the gas giants in the solar system, as well as the Earth, exhibit magnetospheric radio emission due to the electron cyclotron maser instability. The power of this emission is modulated by the solar wind intensity. HD80606b is in a highly eccentric (e=0.93) orbit with a 111 day period. As the planet passes from apastron (0.88 AU) to periastron (0.03 AU), it experiences widely varying stellar wind conditions which should lead to variable radio emission with the highest power corresponding to periastron passage. HD80606b has been observed previously with the VLA at 325 MHz and 1425 MHz by Lazio et. al (2010), but LOFAR's lower frequency range (30-75 MHz) and high sensitivity is better suited to Jovian-type radio emissions. The LOFAR observations were made 48 hours and 18 hours pre-periastron, plus 18 and 48 hours post-periastron to capture the predicted strongest emission, and near apastron to provide a baseline level. The data are analyzed for both time-dependent and frequency dependent emission at each of the five observation epochs. This work presents the ongoing analysis of the data. Part of this research was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  10. Radio Sounding Techniques for the Galilean Icy Moons and their Jovian Magnetospheric Environment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Green, James L.; Markus, Thursten; Fung, Shing F.; Benson, Robert F.; Reinich, Bodo W.; Song, Paul; Gogineni, S. Prasad; Cooper, John F.; Taylor, William W. L.; Garcia, Leonard

    2004-01-01

    Radio sounding of the Earth's topside ionosphere and magnetosphere is a proven technique from geospace missions such as the International Satellites for Ionospheric Studies (ISIS) and the Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE). Application of this technique to Jupiter's icy moons and the surrounding Jovian magnetosphere will provide unique remote sensing observations of the plasma and magnetic field environments and the subsurface conductivities, of Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto. Spatial structures of ionospheric plasma above the surfaces of the moons vary in response to magnetic-field perturbations from (1) magnetospheric plasma flows, (2) ionospheric currents from ionization of sputtered surface material, and (3) induced electric currents in salty subsurface oceans and from the plasma flows and ionospheric currents themselves. Radio sounding from 3 kHz to 10 MHz can provide the global electron densities necessary for the extraction of the oceanic current signals and supplements in-situ plasma and magnetic field measurements. While radio sounding requires high transmitter power for subsurface sounding, little power is needed to probe the electron density and magnetic field intensity near the spacecraft. For subsurface sounding, reflections occur at changes in the dielectric index, e.g., at the interfaces between two different phases of water or between water and soil. Variations in sub-surface conductivity of the icy moons can be investigated by radio sounding in the frequency range from 10 MHz to 50 MHz, allowing the determination of the presence of density and solid-liquid phase boundaries associated with oceans and related structures in overlying ice crusts. The detection of subsurface oceans underneath the icy crusts of the Jovian moons is one of the primary objectives of the Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter (JIMO) mission. Preliminary modeling results show that return signals are clearly distinguishable be&een an ice crust with a thickness of

  11. Radio Sounding Techniques for the Galilean Icy Moons and their Jovian Magnetospheric Environment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Green, James L.; Markus, Thursten; Fung, Shing F.; Benson, Robert F.; Reinich, Bodo W.; Song, Paul; Gogineni, S. Prasad; Cooper, John F.; Taylor, William W. L.; Garcia, Leonard

    2004-01-01

    Radio sounding of the Earth's topside ionosphere and magnetosphere is a proven technique from geospace missions such as the International Satellites for Ionospheric Studies (ISIS) and the Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE). Application of this technique to Jupiter's icy moons and the surrounding Jovian magnetosphere will provide unique remote sensing observations of the plasma and magnetic field environments and the subsurface conductivities, of Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto. Spatial structures of ionospheric plasma above the surfaces of the moons vary in response to magnetic-field perturbations from (1) magnetospheric plasma flows, (2) ionospheric currents from ionization of sputtered surface material, and (3) induced electric currents in salty subsurface oceans and from the plasma flows and ionospheric currents themselves. Radio sounding from 3 kHz to 10 MHz can provide the global electron densities necessary for the extraction of the oceanic current signals and supplements in-situ plasma and magnetic field measurements. While radio sounding requires high transmitter power for subsurface sounding, little power is needed to probe the electron density and magnetic field intensity near the spacecraft. For subsurface sounding, reflections occur at changes in the dielectric index, e.g., at the interfaces between two different phases of water or between water and soil. Variations in sub-surface conductivity of the icy moons can be investigated by radio sounding in the frequency range from 10 MHz to 50 MHz, allowing the determination of the presence of density and solid-liquid phase boundaries associated with oceans and related structures in overlying ice crusts. The detection of subsurface oceans underneath the icy crusts of the Jovian moons is one of the primary objectives of the Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter (JIMO) mission. Preliminary modeling results show that return signals are clearly distinguishable be&een an ice crust with a thickness of

  12. UNRAVELING THE NATURE OF COHERENT PULSAR RADIO EMISSION

    SciTech Connect

    Mitra, Dipanjan; Gil, Janusz; Melikidze, George I. E-mail: jag@astro.ia.uz.zgora.pl

    2009-05-10

    Forty years have passed since the discovery of pulsars, yet the physical mechanism of their coherent radio emission is a mystery. Recent observational and theoretical studies strongly suggest that the radiation coming out from the pulsar magnetosphere mainly consists of extraordinary waves polarized perpendicular to the planes of pulsar dipolar magnetic field. However, the fundamental question of whether these waves are excited by maser or coherent curvature radiation, remains open. High-quality single-pulse polarimetry is required to distinguish between these two possible mechanisms. Here we showcase such decisive, strong single pulses from 10 pulsars observed with the Giant Meterwave Radio Telescope, showing extremely high linear polarization with the position angle following locally the mean position angle traverse. These pulses, which are relatively free from depolarization, must consist exclusively of a single polarization mode. We associate this mode with the extraordinary wave excited by the coherent curvature radiation. This crucial observational signature enables us to argue, for the first time, in favor of the coherent curvature emission mechanism, excluding the maser mechanism.

  13. Dynamics of plasma density perturbations in the upper ionosphere and the magnetosphere under the action of powerful HF radio waves

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borisov, N.; Ryabova, N.; Ruzhin, Yu.

    2015-11-01

    Dynamics of the density perturbations of the main plasma components (electrons, oxygen and hydrogen ions) in the upper ionosphere and the magnetosphere under the action of powerful HF radio waves is discussed theoretically and numerically. For finite heating pulse and different effective powers the variations of the density perturbations in time at various heights are investigated. We argue that due to collisionless damping the magnetospheric duct along the whole field line is not formed. Instead positive and negative perturbations of the main plasma components propagating with the attenuation in the magnetosphere with two different speeds are predicted. Utilization of pulsed heating provides significant information concerning plasma perturbations in the upper ionosphere and the magnetosphere.

  14. Physical Analysis of the Jovian Synchrotron Radio Emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Santos-Costa, D.; Bolton, S. J.; Levin, S. M.; Thorne, R. M.

    2006-12-01

    We present results of our recent investigation of the Jovian synchrotron emission based on a particle transport code. The features of the two-dimensional brightness distributions, radio spectra and beaming curves are correlated to the different phenomena driven the dynamics of the electron radiation belts. The adiabatic invariant theory was used for performing this analysis work. The theoretical approach first enabled us to describe the electron radiation belts by modeling the interactions between high-energy trapped particles and plasmas, neutrals, moons, dust and magnetic field. Then radio observations were used to discuss the computed particle distributions in the inner magnetosphere of Jupiter. The simulated brightness mappings were compared with VLA observations made at two wavelengths (20 and 6 cm). The beaming curve comparisons at 13-cm wavelength were performed for different epochs in order to evaluate the dependence of the model to the geometric factor De. The computed radio spectra were discussed with measurements made in the [0.5-20] GHz radio band. The simulation results match the different remote observations very well and thus allowed us to study the phenomenology of the Jovian synchrotron radio emission. The analysis of the Jovian synchrotron emission demonstrates that during the inward particle transport, local losses associated with the Jovian moons set the extension and intensity of the synchrotron radiation along the magnetic equator. Close to the planet, trapped electrons suffer from the interactions with dust and magnetic field, resulting in the transport of particles toward the high latitudes. The quantity of particles transported away from the equator is sufficient to produce the measurable secondary radio emissions. The simulations show that the moon sweeping effect controls both the transport toward the planet and at high latitudes by reducing the abundance of particles constrained to populate the regions out of the equator. Among the

  15. Characterising Radio Emissions in Cosmic Filaments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miller, R. O.

    2014-02-01

    A growing number of radio studies probe galaxy clusters into the low-power regime in which star formation is the dominant source of radio emission. However, at the time of writing no comparably deep observations have focused exclusively on the radio populations of cosmic filaments. This thesis describes the ATCA 2.1 GHz observations and subsequent analysis of two such regions - labelled Zone 1 (between clusters A3158 and A3125/A3128) and Zone 2 (between A3135 and A3145) - in the Horologium-Reticulum Supercluster (HRS). Source count profiles of both populations are discussed and a radio luminosity function for Zone 1 is generated. While the source counts of Zone 2 appear to be consistent with expected values, Zone 1 exhibits an excess of counts across a wide flux range (1 mJy< S_1.4 < 200 mJy). An excess in radio activity at the lower extent of this range (log P_1.4 < 22.5; within the SF-dominated regime) is also suggested by the radio luminosity function for that region, and brief colour analysis suggests that such an excess is indeed predominantly associated with a starforming population. The differences between the two filamentary zones is attributed to cosmic variation. The regions are both small (~ 1 degree square), and are significantly separated in the HRS. Further radio observations of filaments are required and the results combined into a larger sample size in order to arrive at a generalised model filamentary population.

  16. Radio emission from the Ganymede-Jupiter interaction and consequence for radio emissions from exoplanets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zarka, Philippe; Soares-Marques, Manilo; Louis, Corentin; Ryabov, Vladimir; Lamy, Laurent; Echer, Ezequiel; Cecconi, Baptiste; Hess, Sébastien; Coffre, Andrée; Denis, Laurent

    2017-05-01

    Analysis of a catalog of 26 years of radio decameter observations from Jupiter in Nançay (France) allowed us to detect unambiguously the radio emissions resulting from the Ganymede-Jupiter interaction. The duration and power of the 189 events detected suggest sporadic reconnection with an average radio power released in the Ganymede-Jupiter decameter emission 15 times smaller than in the Io-Jupiter one. This compares well with the ratio of the magnetic power (Poynting flux) dissipated at the Ganymede-Jupiter and Io-Jupiter interactions, confirming the radio-magnetic Bode's law of Zarka et al. (2001), that serves as a basis for predicting exoplanetary radio emissions. This result improves our understanding of the interaction between a magnetized flow and an obstacle, the general paradigm of star-planet plasma interactions.

  17. The Influence of The Galilean Satellites on Radio Emissions From The Jovian System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kurth, W. S.; Gurnett, D. A.; Menietti, J. D.

    2000-01-01

    The Galilean satellites influence radio emissions from the Jovian system in a variety of ways. The best and most familiar example of these is the Io control of decametric radiation discovered in 1964 by Bigg. Voyager observations of broadband kilometric radiation revealed a low-latitude shadow zone cast by the Io torus at frequencies between a few tens of kHz and about 1 MHz. Voyager also discovered narrowband kilometric radio emissions emanating from the outer edge of the torus. In this paper we will discuss expansions in the suite of satellite influences based on new observations by Galileo. These include the discovery of Ganymede's magnetosphere and evidence of radio emissions generated via mode conversion from upper hybrid waves in the frequency range of about 20 - 100 kHz. There is evidence that Ganymede may control some of the hectometric or low-frequency decametric radio emissions based on occultation measurements and statistical studies of radio emission occurrence as a function of Ganymede phase. Direction-finding measurements in the vicinity of Io suggest that a portion of the hectometric emissions may be generated near the lo L-shell. A rotationally modulated attenuation band in the hectometric emission appears to be the result of scattering at or near the Io L-shell where the waves propagate nearly parallel to the magnetic field. There is even a tantalizing hint of a Europa connection to the source of narrowband kilometric radiation.

  18. The Lightning and Radio Emission Detector (LRD) instrument. [carried by Galileo Probe into Jupiter's atmosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lanzerotti, L. J.; Rinnert, K.; Dehmel, G.; Gliem, F. O.; Krider, E. P.; Uman, M. A.; Umlauft, G.; Bach, J.

    1992-01-01

    The Lightning and Radio Emission Detector (LRD) instrument will be carried by the Galileo Probe into Jupiter's atmosphere. The LRD will verify the existence of lightning in the atmosphere and will determine the details of many of its basic characteristics. The instrument, operated in its magnetospheric mode at distances of about 5, 4, 3, and 2 planetary radii from Jupiter's center, will also measure the RF noise spectrum in Jupiter's magnetosphere. The LRD instrument is composed of a ferrite-core radio frequency antenna and two photodiodes mounted behind individual fisheye lenses. The output of the RF antenna is analyzed both separately and in coincidence with the optical signals from the photodiodes. The RF antenna provides data both in the frequency domain (with three narrow-band channels, primarily for deducing the physical properties of distant lightning) and in the time domain with a priority scheme (primarily for determining from individual RF waveforms the physical properties of closeby-lightning).

  19. The Lightning and Radio Emission Detector (LRD) instrument. [carried by Galileo Probe into Jupiter's atmosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lanzerotti, L. J.; Rinnert, K.; Dehmel, G.; Gliem, F. O.; Krider, E. P.; Uman, M. A.; Umlauft, G.; Bach, J.

    1992-01-01

    The Lightning and Radio Emission Detector (LRD) instrument will be carried by the Galileo Probe into Jupiter's atmosphere. The LRD will verify the existence of lightning in the atmosphere and will determine the details of many of its basic characteristics. The instrument, operated in its magnetospheric mode at distances of about 5, 4, 3, and 2 planetary radii from Jupiter's center, will also measure the RF noise spectrum in Jupiter's magnetosphere. The LRD instrument is composed of a ferrite-core radio frequency antenna and two photodiodes mounted behind individual fisheye lenses. The output of the RF antenna is analyzed both separately and in coincidence with the optical signals from the photodiodes. The RF antenna provides data both in the frequency domain (with three narrow-band channels, primarily for deducing the physical properties of distant lightning) and in the time domain with a priority scheme (primarily for determining from individual RF waveforms the physical properties of closeby-lightning).

  20. The hot electrons in the innermost Saturn's magnetosphere from the HF radio measurements on Cassini

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schippers, P.; Moncuquet, M.

    2013-12-01

    We analyze the large-scale structure of the hot electrons in Saturn's innermost magnetosphere obtained from the HF radio measurements acquired with the Cassini/RPWS electric dipole antenna. The temperatures are deduced by two different ways (Moncuquet et al., 2005) from: 1) the quasi-thermal noise (QTN) maximum level identified in the electric power spectra and 2) the QTN in Bernstein waves, which are electrostatic waves propagating perpendicularly to the magnetic field and enhanced at frequencies between the electron cyclotron frequency harmonics. These waves are observed in strong magnetized environment where the thermal noise is dominated by the gyro-motion of the particles. We compare the results with the hot electron measurements acquired by the Cassini electron spectrometer CAPS/ELS.

  1. Simultaneous observations of periodic non-Io decametric radio emission by ground radio telescope URAN-2 and STEREO/WAVES

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Panchenko, M.; Brazhenko, A. I.; Rucker, H. O.; Frantzusenko, A.; Shaposhnikov, V. E.; Konovalenko, A. A.

    2013-09-01

    Periodic bursts of the non-Io component of Jovian decametric radio emission (non-Io DAM) is observed as (1) series of arc-like radio bursts with negative frequency drift which reoccur with 1.5% longer period than the Jovian magnetosphere rotation rate, (2) series of bursts with positive frequency drift which reoccur with Jupiter's rotation period and (3) periodic non-arc like radio features [1, 2]. These bursts are typically detected during several Jupiter rotations in decametric frequency range from 4 MHz to 12 - 16 MHz between 300° and 60° of CML. We present simultaneous observations of the periodic non-Io controlled DAM performed by the WAVES radio experiment onboard the two STEREO spacecraft and the groundbased radio telescope URAN-2 (Poltava, Ukraine) operated in the decametric frequency range. URAN-2 with an effective area of about 30000 m2 consists of 512 broadband crossed dipoles and equipped with the high performance digital radio spectrometer with polarization measurement capability. During the observation campaign Sep., 2012 - Apr., 2013 URAN-2 recorded a large amount of Jovian DAM events with the high time-frequency resolution (4 kHz - 100 ms) in a frequency range 8-32 MHz. In the same time the two spatially separated STEREO spacecraft was able to observe DAM in the frequency range up to 16 MHz. The first analysis of the acquired stereoscopic observations is presented. In particular, we show one episode when the periodic non-arc DAM was recorded together with long lasting Jovian narrow band (NB) emissions. These NB emission was observed at the high frequency cutoff of DAM and can be interpreted as propagation of the decametric radiation in the Jovian ionosphere [3]. We discuss the possible relations between the observed NB events and the periodic non-Io controlled Jovian decametric radio emission.

  2. Radio emissions from double RHESSI TGFs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mezentsev, Andrew; Østgaard, Nikolai; Gjesteland, Thomas; Albrechtsen, Kjetil; Lehtinen, Nikolai; Marisaldi, Martino; Smith, David; Cummer, Steven

    2016-07-01

    A detailed analysis of Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) terrestrial gamma ray flashes (TGFs) is performed in association with World Wide Lightning Location Network (WWLLN) sources and very low frequency (VLF) sferics recorded at Duke University. RHESSI clock offset is evaluated and found to experience changes on the 5 August 2005 and 21 October 2013, based on the analysis of TGF-WWLLN matches. The clock offsets were found for all three periods of observations with standard deviations less than 100 μs. This result opens the possibility for the precise comparative analyses of RHESSI TGFs with the other types of data (WWLLN, radio measurements, etc.) In case of multiple-peak TGFs, WWLLN detections are observed to be simultaneous with the last TGF peak for all 16 cases of multipeak RHESSI TGFs simultaneous with WWLLN sources. VLF magnetic field sferics were recorded for two of these 16 events at Duke University. These radio measurements also attribute VLF sferics to the second peak of the double TGFs, exhibiting no detectable radio emission during the first TGF peak. Possible scenarios explaining these observations are proposed. Double (multipeak) TGFs could help to distinguish between the VLF radio emission radiated by the recoil currents in the +IC leader channel and the VLF emission from the TGF producing electrons.

  3. Cross-Correlations in Quasar Radio Emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nefedyev, Yuri; Panischev, Oleg; Demin, Sergey

    The main factors forming the complex evolution of the accretive astrophysical systems are nonlinearity, intermittency, nonstationarity and also collective phenomena. To discover the dynamic processes in these objects and to detain understanding their properties we need to use all the applicable analyzing methods. Here we use the Flicker-Noise Spectroscopy (FNS) as a phenomenological approach to analyzing and parameterizing the auto- and cross-correlations in time series of astrophysical objects dynamics. As an example we consider the quasar flux radio spectral density at frequencies 2.7 GHz and 8.1 GHz. Data have been observed by Dr. N. Tanizuka (Laboratory for Complex Systems Analysis, Osaka Prefecture University) in a period of 1979 to 1988 (3 309 days). According to mental habits quasar is a very energetic and distant active galactic nucleus containing a supermassive black hole by size 10-10,000 times the Schwarzschild radius. The quasar is powered by an accretion disc around the black hole. The accretion disc material layers, moving around the black hole, are under the influence of gravitational and frictional forces. It results in raising the high temperature and arising the resonant and collective phenomena reflected in quasar emission dynamics. Radio emission dynamics of the quasar 0215p015 is characterized by three quasi-periodic processes, which are prevalent in considering dynamics. By contrast the 1641p399's emission dynamics have not any distinguish processes. It means the presence of high intermittency in accretive modes. The second difference moment allows comparing the degree of manifesting of resonant and chaotic components in initial time series of the quasar radio emission. The comparative analysis shows the dominating of chaotic part of 1641p399's dynamics whereas the radio emission of 0215p015 has the predominance of resonant component. Analyzing the collective features of the quasar radio emission intensity demonstrates the significant

  4. PSR J0737-3039B: A PROBE OF RADIO PULSAR EMISSION HEIGHTS

    SciTech Connect

    Perera, B. B. P.; McLaughlin, M. A.; Lomiashvili, D.; Gourgouliatos, K. N.; Lyutikov, M.

    2012-05-10

    In the double pulsar system PSR J0737-3039A/B, the strong wind produced by pulsar A distorts the magnetosphere of pulsar B. The influence of these distortions on the orbital-dependent emission properties of pulsar B can be used to determine the location of the coherent radio emission generation region in the pulsar magnetosphere. Using a model of the wind-distorted magnetosphere of pulsar B and the well-defined geometrical parameters of the system, we determine the minimum emission height to be {approx}20R{sub NS} in the two bright orbital longitude regions. We can determine the maximum emission height by accounting for the amount of deflection of the polar field line with respect to the magnetic axis using the analytical magnetic reconnection model of Dungey and the semi-empirical numerical model of Tsyganenko. Both of these models estimate the maximum emission height to be {approx}2500R{sub NS}. The minimum and maximum emission heights we calculate are consistent with those estimated for normal isolated pulsars.

  5. DIFFUSE RADIO EMISSION IN ABELL 754

    SciTech Connect

    Kale, Ruta; Dwarakanath, K. S. E-mail: dwaraka@rri.res.in

    2009-07-10

    We present a low-frequency study of the diffuse radio emission in the galaxy cluster A754. We present a new 150 MHz image of the galaxy cluster A754 made with the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope and discuss the detection of four diffuse features. We compare the 150 MHz image with the images at 74, 330, and 1363 MHz; one new diffuse feature is detected. The flux density upper limits at 330 and 1363 MHz imply a synchrotron spectral index, {alpha}>2 (S {proportional_to} {nu}{sup -{alpha}}), for the new feature. The 'west relic' detected at 74 MHz is not detected at 150 MHz and is thus consistent with its nondetection at 1363 MHz and 330 MHz. Integrated spectra of all the diffuse features are presented. The fourth diffuse feature is located along the proposed merger axis in A754 and 0.7 Mpc away from the peak of X-ray emission; we refer to it as a relic. We have made use of the framework of the adiabatic compression model to obtain spectra. We show that the spectrum of the fourth diffuse feature is consistent with that of a cocoon of a radio galaxy lurking for about 9 x 10{sup 7} yr; no shock compression is required. The other three diffuse emission have spectra steeper than 1.5 and could be cocoons lurking for longer time. We discuss other possibilities such as shocks and turbulent reacceleration being responsible for the diffuse emission in A754.

  6. Models of Neptune's smooth recurrent radio emission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sawyer, Constance

    1993-01-01

    The quantitative response of the Planetary Radio Astronomy (PRA) instrument to a wave with polarization ellipse of arbitrary shape and orientation, arriving at the antennas from any direction, can be determined. This capability is used to model the time variation of intensity and circular polarization over a range of radio frequencies for proposed radio-source locations and emission characteristics at Neptune. At frequencies below 400 kHz the observed variation of intensity, polarization, and phase are closely simulated in an offset tilted dipole magnetic field by conjugate sources at midlatitude with filled emission cones. The phase of emission at higher frequencies is reproduced by sources at lower latitude. Modeled wide-cone emission does not reach the spacecraft at the observed phase nor have the polarization sense observed before closest approach. Source-surface maps of apparent polarization for the period before closest approach when instrumental response is especially sensitive to source location is presented. The method is capable of extension to more realistic models of the magnetic field.

  7. Radio Emissions from the Outer Heliosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gurnett, D. A.; Kurth, W. S.

    1996-01-01

    For nearly fifteen years the Voyager 1 and 2 spacecraft have been detecting an unusual radio emission in the outer heliosphere in the frequency range from about 2 to 3 kHz. Two major events have been observed, the first in 1983-84 and the second in 1992-93. In both cases the onset of the radio emission occurred about 400 days after a period of intense solar activity, the first in mid-July 1982, and the second in May-June 1991. These two periods of solar activity produced the two deepest cosmic ray Forbush decreases ever observed. Forbush decreases are indicative of a system of strong shocks and associated disturbances propagating outward through the heliosphere. The radio emission is believed to have been produced when this system of shocks and disturbances interacted with one of the outer boundaries of the heliosphere, most likely in the vicinity of the the heliopause. The emission is believed to be generated by the shock-driven Langmuir-wave mode conversion mechanism, which produces radiation at the plasma frequency (f(sub p)) and at twice the plasma frequency (2f(sub p)). From the 400-day travel time and the known speed of the shocks, the distance to the interaction region can be computed, and is estimated to be in the range from about 110 to 160 AU.

  8. Search for 150 MHz radio emission from extrasolar planets in the TIFR GMRT Sky Survey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sirothia, S. K.; Lecavelier des Etangs, A.; Gopal-Krishna; Kantharia, N. G.; Ishwar-Chandra, C. H.

    2014-02-01

    The ongoing radio continuum TIFR GMRT Sky Survey (TGSS) using the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) at 150 MHz offers an unprecedented opportunity to undertake a fairly deep search for low-frequency radio emission from nearby extrasolar planets. Currently TGSS images are available for a little over a steradian, encompassing 175 confirmed exoplanetary systems. We have searched for their radio counterparts in the TGSS (150 MHz), supplemented with a search in the NRAO VLA Sky Survey (NVSS) and the VLA FIRST survey at 1.4 GHz. For 171 planetary systems, we find no evidence of radio emission in the TGSS maps, placing a 3σ upper limit between 8.7 mJy and 136 mJy (median ~24.8 mJy) at 150 MHz. These non-detections include the 55 Cnc system for which we place a 3σ upper limit of 28 mJy at 150 MHz. Nonetheless, for four of the extrasolar planetary systems, we find TGSS radio sources coinciding with or located very close to their coordinates. One of these is 61 Vir: for this system a large radio flux density was predicted in the scenario involving magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling and rotation-induced radio emission. We also found 150 MHz emissions toward HD 86226 and HD 164509, where strong radio emission can be produced by the presence of a massive satellite orbiting a rapidly rotating planet. We also detected 150 MHz emission within a synthesized beam from 1RXS1609 b, a pre-main-sequence star harboring a ~14 Jupiter mass planet (or a brown dwarf). With a bright X-ray-UV star and a high mass, the planet 1RXS1609 b presents the best characteristics for rotation-induced emissions with high radio power. Deeper high-resolution observations toward these planetary systems are needed to discriminate between the possibilities of background radio-source and radio-loud planets. At 1.4 GHz, radio emission toward the planet-harboring pulsar PSR B1620-26 is detected in the NVSS. Emissions at 1.4 GHz are also detected toward the very-hot-Jupiter WASP-77A b (in the FIRST survey

  9. Analysis and Modeling of Jovian Radio Emissions Observed by Galileo

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Menietti, J. D.

    2003-01-01

    Our studies of Jovian radio emission have resulted in the publication of five papers in refereed journals, with three additional papers in progress. The topics of these papers include the study of narrow-band kilometric radio emission; the apparent control of radio emission by Callisto; quasi-periodic radio emission; hectometric attenuation lanes and their relationship to Io volcanic activity; and modeling of HOM attenuation lanes using ray tracing. A further study of the control of radio emission by Jovian satellites is currently in progress. Abstracts of each of these papers are contained in the Appendix. A list of the publication titles are also included.

  10. Analysis and Modeling of Jovian Radio Emissions Observed by Galileo

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Menietti, J. D.

    2003-01-01

    Our studies of Jovian radio emission have resulted in the publication of five papers in refereed journals, with three additional papers in progress. The topics of these papers include the study of narrow-band kilometric radio emission; the apparent control of radio emission by Callisto; quasi-periodic radio emission; hectometric attenuation lanes and their relationship to Io volcanic activity; and modeling of HOM attenuation lanes using ray tracing. A further study of the control of radio emission by Jovian satellites is currently in progress. Abstracts of each of these papers are contained in the Appendix. A list of the publication titles are also included.

  11. Amalthea's modulation of Jovian decametric radio emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arkhypov, O. V.; Rucker, H. O.

    2007-08-01

    Most modulation lanes in dynamic spectra of Jovian decametric emission (DAM) are formed by radiation scattering on field-aligned inhomogeneities in the Io plasma torus. The positions and frequency drift of hundreds of lanes have been measured on the DAM spectra from UFRO archives. A special 3D algorithm is used for localization of field-aligned magnetospheric inhomogeneities by the frequency drift of modulation lanes. It is found that some lanes are formed near the magnetic shell of the satellite Amalthea mainly at longitudes of 123 to 140 deg. (north; III 1965 system) and 284 to 305 deg. (south). These disturbances coincide with regions of plasma compression by the rotating magnetic field of Jupiter. Such modulations are found at other longitudes too (189 to 236 deg.) with higher sensitivity. Amalthea's plasma torus could be another argument for the ice nature of the satellite, which has a density less than that of water.

  12. Amalthea's modulation of Jovian decametric radio emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arkhypov, O. V.; Rucker, H. O.

    2007-05-01

    Most modulation lanes in dynamic spectra of Jovian decametric emission (DAM) are formed by radiation scattering on field-aligned inhomogeneities in the Io plasma torus. The positions and frequency drift of hundreds of lanes have been measured on the DAM spectra from UFRO archives. A special 3D algorithm is used for localization of field-aligned magnetospheric inhomogeneities by the frequency drift of modulation lanes. It is found that some lanes are formed near the magnetic shell of the satellite Amalthea mainly at longitudes of 123°≤λ_III≤140° (north) and 284°≤λ_III≤305° (south). These disturbances coincide with regions of plasma compression by the rotating magnetic field of Jupiter. Such modulations are found at other longitudes too (189° to 236°) with higher sensitivity. Amalthea's plasma torus could be another argument for the ice nature of the satellite, which has a density less than that of water.

  13. ARCADE 2 Observations of Galactic Radio Emission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kogut, A.; Fixsen, D. J.; Levin, S. M.; Limon, M.; Lubin, P. M.; Mirel, P.; Seiffert, M.; Singal, J.; Villela, T.; Wollack, E.; Wuensche, C. A.

    2010-01-01

    We use absolutely calibrated data from the Absolute Radiometer for Cosmology, Astrophysics, and Diffuse Emission (ARCADE 2) flight in July 2006 to model Galactic emission at frequencies 3, 8, and 10 GHz. The spatial structure in the data is consistent with a superposition of free-free and synchrotron emission. Emission with spatial morphology traced by the Haslam 408 MHz survey has spectral index beta_synch = -2.5 +/- 0.1, with free-free emission contributing 0.10 +/- 0.01 of the total Galactic plane emission in the lowest ARCADE 2 band at 3.15 GHz. We estimate the total Galactic emission toward the polar caps using either a simple plane-parallel model with csc|b| dependence or a model of high-latitude radio emission traced by the COBE/FIRAS map of CII emission. Both methods are consistent with a single power-law over the frequency range 22 MHz to 10 GHz, with total Galactic emission towards the north polar cap T_Gal = 0.498 +/- 0.028 K and spectral index beta = -2.55 +/- 0.03 at reference frequency 0.31 GHz. The well calibrated ARCADE 2 maps provide a new test for spinning dust emission, based on the integrated intensity of emission from the Galactic plane instead of cross-correlations with the thermal dust spatial morphology. The Galactic plane intensity measured by ARCADE 2 is fainter than predicted by models without spinning dust, and is consistent with spinning dust contributing 0.4 +/- 0.1 of the Galactic plane emission at 23 GHz.

  14. Polarization model applied to Uranian radio emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sawyer, C. B.; Neal, K. L.; Warwick, J. W.

    1991-04-01

    The total power and the degree of circular polarization as measured by the Planetary Radio Astronomy experiments on the Voyager spacecraft are modeled. For a source near the electron cyclotron frequency, the degree of circular polarization is determined by the angle between the wave vector and the field. It is shown that the observed strong circular polarization of Uranian smooth low-frequency (SLF) can be modeled as emission that is beamed along the direction of the magnetic field in a filled cone. The main observational constraints of SLF emission from Uranus are met by conjugate sources at about 21 deg from the magnetic equator.

  15. Coronal Mass Ejections and Solar Radio Emissions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gopalswamy, Nat

    2010-01-01

    Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) have important connections to various types of radio emissions from the Sun. The persistent noise storm radiation (type I storm at metric wavelengths, type III storms at longer wavelengths) can be clearly interrupted by the occurrence of a CME in the active region that produces the storm. Sometimes the noise storm completely disappears and other times, it reappears in the active region. Long-lasting type III bursts are associated with CME eruption, thought to be due to the reconnection process taking place beneath the erupting CME. Type II bursts are indicative of electron acceleration in the CME-driven shocks and hence considered to be the direct response of the CME propagation in the corona and interplanetary medium. Finally type IV bursts indicate large-scale post-eruption arcades containing trapped electrons that produce radio emission. This paper summarizes some key results that connect CMEs to various types of radio emission and what we can learn about particle acceleration in the corona) and interplanetary medium. Particular emphasis will be placed on type If bursts because of their connection to interplanetary shocks detected in situ.

  16. Radio emission from RS CVn binary systems

    SciTech Connect

    Doiron, D.J.

    1984-01-01

    The RS CVn binary stellar systems UX Ari, HR 1099, AR Lac, HR 5110, II Peg, lambda And, and SZ Psc were investigated by use of radio interferometry during the period from July 1982 through August 1983. Interferometry took two forms: Very Large Array (VLA) observations and Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI). The VLA observations determined the characteristic polarization and flux behavior of the centimeter wavelength radio emission. The observed spectral index was near zero during quiescent periods, rising to between 0.5 and 1.0 during active periods. No net linear polarization is observed to a limit of 1.7%. This is expected since the Faraday depth of thermal electrons deduced from x-ray observations is approx. 10/sup 5/. Circular polarization is observed to be less than 20% at all frequencies often with a helicity reversal between 1.6 GHz and 5 GHz. The VLBI observations have shown that the brightness temperatures are often T/sub B/ approx.> 10/sup 10/ /sup 0/K and size sources smaller than or comparable to the overall size of the binary system. These data are consistent with incoherent gyrosynchrotron emission from mildly relativistic electrons which are optically thick to their own radiation at 1.6 GHz and optically thin at 5 GHz and above. The spectral behavior suggests that the radio emission is due to a power-law distribution of electrons.

  17. Coronal Mass Ejections and Solar Radio Emissions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gopalswamy, Nat

    2010-01-01

    Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) have important connections to various types of radio emissions from the Sun. The persistent noise storm radiation (type I storm at metric wavelengths, type III storms at longer wavelengths) can be clearly interrupted by the occurrence of a CME in the active region that produces the storm. Sometimes the noise storm completely disappears and other times, it reappears in the active region. Long-lasting type III bursts are associated with CME eruption, thought to be due to the reconnection process taking place beneath the erupting CME. Type II bursts are indicative of electron acceleration in the CME-driven shocks and hence considered to be the direct response of the CME propagation in the corona and interplanetary medium. Finally type IV bursts indicate large-scale post-eruption arcades containing trapped electrons that produce radio emission. This paper summarizes some key results that connect CMEs to various types of radio emission and what we can learn about particle acceleration in the corona) and interplanetary medium. Particular emphasis will be placed on type If bursts because of their connection to interplanetary shocks detected in situ.

  18. Electrostatic and electromagnetic gyroharmonic emissions due to energetic electrons in magnetospheric plasma

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Curtis, S. A.; Wu, C. S.

    1979-01-01

    The paper derives the growth rates and growth lengths of the electrostatic emission for spatially homogeneous and inhomogeneous energetic electrons, and numerically evaluates the growth rate and growth length spectra for several parameter sets representative of magnetospheric plasmas. In addition, the growth rates are derived for the case of electromagnetic emission modeled by the ordinary mode. The numerical results of the electromagnetic and electrostatic cases are compared with observations made by satellites in the earth's magnetosphere. It is concluded that the electrostatic gyroharmonic excitation is possible without the cold composition of plasma which is often postulated in the existing literature.

  19. Electrostatic and electromagnetic gyroharmonic emissions due to energetic electrons in magnetospheric plasma

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Curtis, S. A.; Wu, C. S.

    1979-01-01

    The paper derives the growth rates and growth lengths of the electrostatic emission for spatially homogeneous and inhomogeneous energetic electrons, and numerically evaluates the growth rate and growth length spectra for several parameter sets representative of magnetospheric plasmas. In addition, the growth rates are derived for the case of electromagnetic emission modeled by the ordinary mode. The numerical results of the electromagnetic and electrostatic cases are compared with observations made by satellites in the earth's magnetosphere. It is concluded that the electrostatic gyroharmonic excitation is possible without the cold composition of plasma which is often postulated in the existing literature.

  20. Electromagnetic and electrostatic emissions at the cusp-magnetosphere interface during substorms

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Curtis, S. A.; Fairfield, D. H.; Wu, C. S.

    1979-01-01

    Strongly peaked electrostatic emissions near 10.0 kHz and electromagnetic emissions near 0.56 kHz have been observed by the VLF wave detector on board Imp 6 on crossings from the earth's magnetosphere into the polar cusp during the occurrence of large magnetospheric substorms. The electrostatic emissions were observed to be closely confined to the cusp-magnetosphere interface. The electromagnetic emissions were of somewhat broader spatial extent and were seen on higher-latitude field lines within the cusp. Using these plasma wave observations and additional information provided by plasma, magnetometer and particle measurements made simultaneously on Imp 6, theories are constructed to explain each of the two classes of emission. The electromagnetic waves are modeled as whistlers, and the electrostatic waves as electron-cyclotron harmonics. The resulting growth rates predict power spectra similar to those observed for both emission classes. The electrostatic waves may play a significant role via enhanced diffusion in the relaxation of the sharp substorm time cusp-magnetosphere boundary to a more diffuse quiet time boundary.

  1. Electromagnetic and electrostatic emissions at the cusp-magnetosphere interface during substorms

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Curtis, S. A.; Fairfield, D. H.; Wu, C. S.

    1979-01-01

    Strongly peaked electrostatic emissions near 10.0 kHz and electromagnetic emissions near 0.56 kHz have been observed by the VLF wave detector on board Imp 6 on crossings from the earth's magnetosphere into the polar cusp during the occurrence of large magnetospheric substorms. The electrostatic emissions were observed to be closely confined to the cusp-magnetosphere interface. The electromagnetic emissions were of somewhat broader spatial extent and were seen on higher-latitude field lines within the cusp. Using these plasma wave observations and additional information provided by plasma, magnetometer and particle measurements made simultaneously on Imp 6, theories are constructed to explain each of the two classes of emission. The electromagnetic waves are modeled as whistlers, and the electrostatic waves as electron-cyclotron harmonics. The resulting growth rates predict power spectra similar to those observed for both emission classes. The electrostatic waves may play a significant role via enhanced diffusion in the relaxation of the sharp substorm time cusp-magnetosphere boundary to a more diffuse quiet time boundary.

  2. Steady-State Models of X-ray Emission from Massive-Star Magnetospheres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bard, Christopher; Townsend, Richard D.

    2016-01-01

    In the subset of OB stars with large-scale, organized magnetic fields, the stellar wind is forced to flow along magnetic field lines and is trapped within a magnetosphere corotating with its host star. As the wind turns on itself, shocks heat the plasma to millions of degrees and produce X-ray emission. Such magnetospheres are typically classified with the "wind magnetic confinement parameter", a simplified ratio between the magnetic energy density and the wind kinetic energy density. This parameter is often used to estimate magnetosphere properties, such as size, mass-loss rate, and spin-down time. Unfortunately, the strong magnetic fields in magnetospheres (polar strength: 100 G - 10 kG) and resulting Alfven velocities make magnetohydrodynamics simulations computationally difficult due to very small timesteps. To get around this issue, we approximate a massive-star magnetosphere as a series of one-dimensional flows along magnetic dipole field lines and develop a steady-state model from the resulting hydrodynamic equations. With this model, we derive scaling relations for the stellar mass-loss rate as a function of surface colatitude and find agreement with previous scaling results derived from simulations. These relations are further extended to include the effects of rigid-body rotation within the magnetosphere. Additionally, we develop an X-ray emission model from this steady-state analysis and compare it against both the "XADM" model for X-ray emission from massive star magnetospheres and observations of massive magnetic stars. Finally, we discuss improvements to the traditional wind magnetic confinement parameter to take into account the effect of a magnetic field on the wind kinetic energy density.

  3. Smooth radio emission and a new emission at Neptune

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sawyer, C.; Warwick, J. W.; Romig, J. H.

    1990-01-01

    The Planetary Radio Astronomy (PRA) experiment Warwick et al., (1977) on the spacecraft Voyager 2 observed three types of smooth emission: (1) numerous recurrent episodes are modeled by filled emission cones from midlatitude conjugate sources; (2) an 'equatorial' feature seen soon after closest approach includes electron cyclotron harmonic emission above the upper hybrid resonance, as well as smooth recurrent emission, its strange appearance is a result of rapid change in Voyager's magnetic latitude and; (3) unique 'high-latitude' emission is seen near closest approach during Voyager's single excursion to high north (+) magnetic latitude when fc, the electron cyclotron frequency at the spacecraft, lies in the observable range. The stronger component covers a broad band of frequencies above 2fc; its sensitivity to magnetic field identifies it as extraordinary (X) mode. The weaker component extends smoothly through f = fc and is identified as ordinary (O) mode. At each frequency f the observed sense of polarization reverses when f = 2fc.

  4. DETECTION OF RADIO EMISSION FROM FIREBALLS

    SciTech Connect

    Obenberger, K. S.; Taylor, G. B.; Dowell, J.; Henning, P. A.; Schinzel, F. K.; Stovall, K.; Hartman, J. M.; Ellingson, S. W.; Helmboldt, J. F.; Wilson, T. L.; Kavic, M.; Simonetti, J. H.

    2014-06-20

    We present the findings from the Prototype All-Sky Imager, a back end correlator of the first station of the Long Wavelength Array, which has recorded over 11,000 hr of all-sky images at frequencies between 25 and 75 MHz. In a search of this data for radio transients, we have found 49 long-duration (10 s of seconds) transients. Ten of these transients correlate both spatially and temporally with large meteors (fireballs), and their signatures suggest that fireballs emit a previously undiscovered low frequency, non-thermal pulse. This emission provides a new probe into the physics of meteors and identifies a new form of naturally occurring radio transient foreground.

  5. Updated modeling of Io and non-Io Radio Auroral Emissions of Jupiter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Louis, C.; Lamy, L.; Zarka, P.; Cecconi, B.; Hess, S.

    2015-10-01

    The radio auroral emissions produced by the Jupiter's magnetosphere between a few kHz and 40MHz, the most intense of our Solar System, are known since half a century, but they still drive many questions, and their deepened study is one of the main aim of the JUNO missions (arrival in July 2016). Jovian auroral radio emissions are thought to be produced through the Cyclotron Maser Instability (CMI), from non-maxwellian weakly relativistic electrons gyrating along high-latitude magnetic fields lines (Zarka, 1998). These emissions divide in different spectral components, driven or not by the moon Io. The origin and the relationship between kilometric, hectometric and decametric non-Io emissions in particular remains poorly understood. To investigate these emissions, we simulated numerical dynamic spectra with the most recent version of the ExPRES code - Exoplanetary and Planetary Radio Emission Simulator, available at http://maser.obspm.fr - already used to successfully model Io decametric and Saturn's kilometric arcshaped emissions (Hess et al., 2008, Lamy et al., 2008) and predict exoplanetary radio emissions (Hess et al., 2011). Such simulations bring direct constraints on the locus of active magnetic field lines and on the nature of CMI-unstable electrons (Hess et al., submitted). We validated the new theoretical calculation of the beaming angle used by ExPRES, which now includes refraction at the source. We then built updated simulations of Io and non-Io emissions which were compared to the radio observations acquired by the Cassini spacecraft (Jupiter flyby in 2000) and the Nançay decameter array (routines observations of Jupiter).

  6. Radio Cerenkov Emission from UHE Neutrinos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ekers, Ron; Phillips, Chris; Protheroe, Ray; McFadden, Rebecca; James, Clancy; Roberts, Paul

    2008-10-01

    Some cosmic ray nuclei have energies equivalent to that of a fast-moving tennis ball. Our Galaxy is too small to produce them, and as they travel through the Universe they loose energy in collisions with microwave background radiation. So where do they come from? The neutrinos hold the key. They are produced in these collisions but interact so weakly that huge detectors are needed. We propose to use the moon as our detector by looking for the coherent Cerenkov radio emission from neutrino induced cascades in lunar regolith (sandy surface layer). The neutrino interaction produces a nanosecond pulse peaking between 1-2GHz.

  7. Radio Cerenkov Emission from UHE Neutrinos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ekers, Ron; Phillips, Chris; Protheroe, Ray; Bhat, Ramesh; McFadden, Rebecca; James, Clancy; Roberts, Paul; Tingay, Steven

    2007-10-01

    Some cosmic ray nuclei have energies equivalent to that of a fast-moving tennis ball. Our Galaxy is too small to produce them, and as they travel through the Universe they loose energy in collisions with microwave background radiation. So where do they come from? The neutrinos hold the key. They are produced in these collisions but interact so weakly that huge detectors are needed. We propose to use the moon as our detector by looking for the coherent Cerenkov radio emission from neutrino induced cascades in lunar regolith (sandy surface layer). The neutrino interaction produces a nanosecond pulse peaking between 1-2GHz.

  8. Radio Cerenkov Emission from UHE Neutrinos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ekers, Ron; Phillips, Chris; Protheroe, Ray; McFadden, Rebecca; James, Clancy; Roberts, Paul

    2008-04-01

    Some cosmic ray nuclei have energies equivalent to that of a fast-moving tennis ball. Our Galaxy is too small to produce them, and as they travel through the Universe they loose energy in collisions with microwave background radiation. So where do they come from? The neutrinos hold the key. They are produced in these collisions but interact so weakly that huge detectors are needed. We propose to use the moon as our detector by looking for the coherent Cerenkov radio emission from neutrino induced cascades in lunar regolith (sandy surface layer). The neutrino interaction produces a nanosecond pulse peaking between 1-2GHz.

  9. Radio Cerenkov Emission from UHE Neutrinos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ekers, Ron; Jones, David; Protheroe, Ray; Bhat, Ramesh; McFadden, Rebecca; James, Clancy; Roberts, Paul; Tingay, Steven

    2007-04-01

    Some cosmic ray nuclei have energies equivalent to that of a fast-moving tennis ball. Our Galaxy is too small to produce them, and as they travel through the Universe they loose energy in collisions with microwave background radiation. So where do they come from? The neutrinos hold the key. They are produced in these collisions but interact so weakly that huge detectors are needed. We propose to use the moon as our detector by looking for the coherent Cerenkov radio emission from neutrino induced cascades in lunar regolith (sandy surface layer). The neutrino interaction produces a nanosecond pulse peaking between 1-2GHz.

  10. Electrodynamics of Pulsar Magnetospheres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cerutti, Benoît; Beloborodov, Andrei M.

    2016-12-01

    We review electrodynamics of rotating magnetized neutron stars, from the early vacuum model to recent numerical experiments with plasma-filled magnetospheres. Significant progress became possible due to the development of global particle-in-cell simulations which capture particle acceleration, emission of high-energy photons, and electron-positron pair creation. The numerical experiments show from first principles how and where electric gaps form, and promise to explain the observed pulsar activity from radio waves to gamma-rays.

  11. Electrodynamics of Pulsar Magnetospheres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cerutti, Benoît; Beloborodov, Andrei M.

    2017-07-01

    We review electrodynamics of rotating magnetized neutron stars, from the early vacuum model to recent numerical experiments with plasma-filled magnetospheres. Significant progress became possible due to the development of global particle-in-cell simulations which capture particle acceleration, emission of high-energy photons, and electron-positron pair creation. The numerical experiments show from first principles how and where electric gaps form, and promise to explain the observed pulsar activity from radio waves to gamma-rays.

  12. Radio triangulation - mapping the 3D position of the solar radio emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Magdalenic, Jasmina

    2016-04-01

    Understanding the relative position of the sources of the radio emission and the associated solar eruptive phenomena (CME and the associated shock wave) has always been a challenge. While ground-based radio interferometer observations provide us with the 2D position information for the radio emission originating from the low corona (up to 2.5 Ro), this is not the case for the radio emission originating at larger heights. The radio triangulation measurements (also referred to as direction-finding or goniopolarimetric measurements) from two or more widely separated spacecraft can provide information on the 3D positions of the sources of the radio emission. This type of interplanetary radio observations are currently performed by STEREO WAVES and WIND WAVES instruments, providing a unique possibility for up to three simultaneous radio triangulations (using up to three different pairs of spacecraft). The recent results of the radio triangulation studies bring new insight into the causal relationship of the solar radio emission and CMEs. In this presentation I will discuss some of the most intriguing results on the source positions of: a) type III radio bursts indicating propagation of the fast electrons accelerated along the open field lines, b) type II radio bursts indicating interaction of the CME-driven shocks and other coronal structures e.g. streamers and c) type IV-like radio bursts possibly associated with CME-CME interaction.

  13. Correlated variations of UV and radio emissions during an outstanding Jovian auroral event

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Prange, R.; Zarka, P.; Ballester, G. E.; Livengood, T. A.; Denis, L.; Carr, T.; Reyes, F.; Bame, S. J.; Moos, H. W.

    1993-01-01

    a significant disturbance in the solar wind, involving the generation of an interplanetary shock and the presence of a CME have interacted with the Jovian magnetosphere at about the time of the auroral event. Both arguments suggest that we may have observed for the first time a magnetic storm-type interaction in an outer planet magnetosphere, affecting simultaneously several auroral processes. Conversely, the observed relationship between the level of UV auroral activity and the detection of decameter emission (DAM), if it were a typical feature, might argue in favour of a more direct and permanent association between the auroral processes leading to UV and radio aurorae, possibly related to 'discrete-arc'-like activity and electron precipitation.

  14. Source characteristics of Jovian hectometric radio emissions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reiner, M. J.; Fainberg, J.; Stone, R. G.

    1993-01-01

    Direct confirmation that low-frequency Jovian hectometric (HOM) radio emissions centered near 0 deg central meridian longitude consist of distinct, oppositely polarized northern and southern beams has been achieved using data from the Unified Radio and Plasma Wave (URAP) experiment on the Ulysses spacecraft during the Ulysses-Jupiter encounter in early February 1992. Distinct northern and southern beams were observed in the frequency range from approximately 300 kHz to 1 MHz for at least eight Jovian rotations during the Ulysses inbound pass at distances from 100 to 40 R(sub j). The radiation from the two magnetic hemispheres was measured from different Jovigraphic longitudes and magnetic (or centrifugal) latitudes. Observed temporal variations in the radio intensities, with time scales on the order of 30 min, may result either from longitudinal variations of the HOM sources or from longitudinal density variations in the Io plasma torus. Using the URAP direction-finding capabilities and assuming a tilted dipole planetary magnetic field model, the three-dimensional HOM source locations, the L shell through these source locations, and the beam opening angles were independently deduced. The HOM sources were found to originate at approximately 3 R(sub j) and on low L shells (L approximately 4 to 6), with beam opening angles ranging from 10 to 50 deg.

  15. Properties and geometry of radio pulsar emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smits, Johannes Martinus

    2006-10-01

    This thesis consists of a number of studies on the radio emission of pulsars. The central topics are polarisation and multi frequency observations, which both lead to important information on the geometry of the emission. The first chapter introduces different aspects of pulsars that are related to the research that has been done in this thesis. In particular it deals with different aspects concerning the geometry of pulsar emission. Chapter 2 is about the nature of the radio emission. It shows the result of an attempt to confirm and expand on work that has been published by Jenet et al. (2001) on the detection of coherence in pulsar radiation. From an analysis of high time resolution observations, we found that the detection of coherence is consistent with the effects of interstellar scintillation. In chapter 3 a study is carried out on the orthogonal polarisation mode behaviour as a function of frequency of 18 pulsars. By making the assumption that the radiation consists of two 100% polarised completely orthogonal superposed modes, both modes could be separated In chapter 4 PSR B0031-07 is studied at two frequencies using two observations that were carried out simultaneously. It is shown that from the three known drift modes, only one drift mode is seen at high frequency. Based on this result we suggest a geometrical model in which different modes are emitted in concentric rings around the magnetic axis, with each mode having a different radius. The fifth chapter follows the suggestions made in chapter 4 to create a geometrical model of PSR B0031-07 for two of the drift modes. The results can be used to limit the possible geometries of PSR B0031-07. The final chapter consists of documentation of software that was written in C and utilised for this thesis for handling and analysing data files in the EPN format

  16. Jupiter's magnetosphere and radiation belts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kennel, C. F.; Coroniti, F. V.

    1979-01-01

    Radioastronomy and Pioneer data reveal the Jovian magnetosphere as a rotating magnetized source of relativistic particles and radio emission, comparable to astrophysical cosmic ray and radio sources, such as pulsars. According to Pioneer data, the magnetic field in the outer magnetosphere is radially extended into a highly time variable disk-shaped configuration which differs fundamentally from the earth's magnetosphere. The outer disk region, and the energetic particles confined in it, are modulated by Jupiter's 10 hr rotation period. The entire outer magnetosphere appears to change drastically on time scales of a few days to a week. In addition to its known modulation of the Jovian decametric radio bursts, Io was found to absorb some radiation belt particles and to accelerate others, and most importantly, to be a source of neutral atoms, and by inference, a heavy ion plasma which may significantly affect the hydrodynamic flow in the magnetosphere. Another important Pioneer finding is that the Jovian outer magnetosphere generates, or permits to escape, fluxes of relativistic electrons of such intensities that Jupiter may be regarded as the dominant source of 1 to 30 MeV cosmic ray electrons in the heliosphere.

  17. Study of sub-auroral radio emissions observed by ICE experiment onboard DEMETER satellite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boudjada, M. Y.; Galopeau, P. H. M.; Mogilevski, M. M.; Sawas, S.; Blecki, J.; Berthelier, J. J.; Voller, W.

    2012-04-01

    We report on the terrestrial kilometric and hectometric radio emissions recorded by the DEMETER/ICE (Instrument Champ Electrique) experiment. This instrument measures the electric field components of electromagnetic and electrostatic waves in the frequency range from DC to 3.25 MHz. Despite the limited satellite invariant latitude (data acquisition below about 65°), specific events have been observed, close to the sub-auroral region, in the frequency range from 100 kHz to about 1 MHz. This range covers the well-known auroral kilometric radiation (AKR), the terrestrial kilometric continuum, and the sub-auroral terrestrial emission at higher frequency up to 3 MHz. The high spectral capability of the experiment leads us to distinguish between the bursty and the continuum emissions. Selected events have been found to principally occur in the late evening and early morning sectors of the magnetosphere (22 MLT - 02 MLT) but others have been observed on the dayside. Our first results are compared to previous radio observations performed on board INTERBALL-1 (Kuril'chik et al, Cosmic Research, 43, 2005) and GEOTAIL (Hashimoto et al., JGR, 104, 1999) satellites. We also discuss the common and different features of the Earth and Jovian radio emissions. We emphasis on the observational parameters: the occurrence probability, the emission beam and the spectral emission types. We show that the physical interpretation of the auroral phenomena needs a good knowledge of the geometric configuration of the source and observer and the reception system (antenna beam and receivers).

  18. Electrostatic emissions between electron gyroharmonics in the outer magnetosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hubbard, R. F.; Birmingham, T. J.

    1977-01-01

    A scheme was constructed and a theoretical model was developed to classify electrostatic emissions. All of the emissions appear to be generated by the same basic mechanism: an unstable electron plasma distribution consisting of cold electrons (less than 100 eV) and hot loss cone electrons (about 1 keV). Each emission class is associated with a particular range of model parameters; the wide band electric field data can thus be used to infer the density and temperature of the cold plasma component. The model predicts that gyroharmonic emissions near the plasma frequency require large cold plasma densities.

  19. Physics of the Jovian Magnetosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dessler, A. J.

    2002-08-01

    List of tables; Foreword James A. Van Allen; Preface; 1. Jupiter's magnetic field and magnetosphere Mario H. Acuña, Kenneth W. Behannon and J. E. P. Connerney; 2. Ionosphere Darrell F. Strobel and Sushil K. Atreya; 3. The low-energy plasma in the Jovian magnetosphere J. W. Belcher; 4. Low-energy particle population S. M. Krimigis and E. C. Roelof; 5. High-energy particles A. W. Schardt and C. K. Goertz; 6. Spectrophotometric studies of the Io torus Robert A. Brown, Carl B. Pilcher and Darrell F. Strobel; 7. Phenomenology of magnetospheric radio emissions T. D. Carr, M. D. Desch and J. K. Alexander; 8. Plasma waves in the Jovian magnetosphere D. A. Gurnett and F. L. Scarf; 9. Theories of radio emissions and plasma waves Melvyn L. Goldstein and C. K. Goertz; 10. Magnetospheric models T. W. Hill, A. J. Dessler and C. K. Goertz; 11. Plasma distribution and flow Vytenis M. Vasyliunas; 12. Microscopic plasma processes in the Jovian magnetosphere Richard Mansergh Thorne; Appendixes; References; Index.

  20. Frequency band broadening of magnetospheric VLF emissions near the equator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Maeda, K.; Lin, C. S.

    1981-01-01

    The broadening of the whistler mode VLF emission band has frequently been observed by the equatorially orbiting S3-A (Explorer 45) satellite outside the midnight sector of the plasmasphere, during periods of geomagnetic disturbance. Prior to the broadening, the band of this emission is narrow with a sharp gap at the half electron gyrofrequency. The gradual broadening of the emission band on the low-frequency side is associated with the simultaneously observed spreading of the anisotropy of the ring current electrons to higher and wider energy ranges. Using the modeled distribution function, the linear growth rates of the cyclotron instability are calculated numerically. The results suggest that broadening of the VLF emission band near the plasmasphere can be caused by spreading of the ring current electron anisotropy toward higher energies.

  1. Surveying for Exoplanetary Auroral Radio Emission with HERA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, Peter K. G.; Berger, Edo

    2017-05-01

    HERA, the Hydrogen Epoch of Reionization Array, is a long wavelength radio telescope under construction in South Africa. Although HERA's primary science driver is the search for radio signatures of the Epoch of Reionization, its large collecting area, excellent calibratability, and methodical observing scheme make it a world-class tool for time-domain radio astronomy as well. In particlar, the completed HERA array will be sensitive to auroral radio bursts from planets with auroral powers and magnetic field strengths comparable to (factors of a few larger than) those of Jupiter, assuming a fiducial distance of 10 pc. HERA will log thousands of hours monitoring the stellar systems in its sky footprint, including the 40 systems found within this fiducial horizon. In this talk I will describe the current status of HERA and its future prospects for directly detecting exoplanetary magnetospheres.

  2. Radio Cerenkov Emission from UHE neutrinos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ekers, Ron; Jones, David; Protheroe, Ray; Bhat, Ramesh; McFadden, Rebecca; Tingay, Steven

    2006-10-01

    Some cosmic ray nuclei have energies equivalent to that of a fast-moving tennis ball. Our Galaxy is too small to produce them, and as they travel through the Universe they loose energy in collisions with microwave background radiation. So where do they come from? The neutrinos hold the key. They are produced in these collisions but interact so weakly that huge detectors are needed. We propose to use the moon as our detector by looking for the coherent Cerenkov radio emission from neutrino induced cascades in lunar regolith (sandy surface layer). The neutrino interaction produces a nanosec pulse peaking between 1-3GHz. This proposal is for time to test two of the parallel techniques we are developing to detect these neutrinos.

  3. A multidisciplinary study of planetary, solar and astrophysical radio emissions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gurnett, D. A.; Calvert, W.; Fielder, R.; Goertz, C.; Grabbe, C.; Kurth, W.; Mutel, R.; Sheerin, J.; Mellott, M.; Spangler, S.

    1986-01-01

    Combination of the related fields of planetary, solar, and astrophysical radio emissions was attempted in order to more fully understand the radio emission processes. Topics addressed include: remote sensing of astrophysical plasma turbulence; Alfven waves; astrophysical shock waves; surface waves; very long base interferometry results; very large array observations; solar magnetic flux; and magnetohydrodynamic waves as a tool for solar corona diagnostics.

  4. Extended optical-emission-line gas in powerful radio galaxies

    SciTech Connect

    Baum, S.A.

    1987-01-01

    Results of a search for extended optical-emission-line gas in 43 powerful radio galaxies are presented. Spatially extended optical-emission-line gas is common in these galaxies. The extent and luminosity of the emission-line gas in powerful radio galaxies is an order of magnitude greater than in normal elliptical galaxies of similar optical magnitudes. The total emission-line luminosity is roughly half of the radio luminosity, and the radio luminosity correlates with the narrow-line luminosity over four decades. The near-nuclear emission-line gas is often distributed in a smooth, roughly elliptical feature, centered on and symmetric about the nucleus. The distribution of axial ratios found in these small emission-line nebulae (ELN) is inconsistent with them being disks seen from different orientations. The minor axes of the small regions of emission-line gas show only a weak tendency to align with the position angle of the extended radio source and the major axis of the stellar isophotes. The very extended emission line gas (d{sub neb} > 10 kpc) is filamentary and is found preferentially within the regions occupied by the radio source. The small (d{sub radio} < 100 kpc) radio sources with very extended ELN show evidence of interacting with their gas-rich environments; the large (d{sub radio} > 100 kpc) radio sources with very extended ELN show no signs that they have been disturbed by their surrounding media. Lower limits to the density of the emission line gas at distances of 10 kpc from the galaxy nucleus are {approximately}0.1 cm{sup {minus}3} and upper limits to the total mass in emission line gas are {approximately}10{sup 9} M {circle dot}. The optical nuclear continuum is strongly correlated with the narrow emission line luminosity and is sufficient to photoionize the ELN.

  5. Phenomenology of Neptune's radio emissions observed by the Voyager planetary radio astronomy experiment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pedersen, B. M.; Lecacheux, A.; Zarka, P.; Aubier, M. G.; Kaiser, M. L.; Desch, M. D.

    1992-01-01

    The Neptune flyby in 1989 added a new planet to the known number of magnetized planets generating nonthermal radio emissions. We review the Neptunian radio emission morphology as observed by the planetary radio astronomy experiment on board Voyager 2 during a few weeks before and after closest approach. We present the characteristics of the two observed recurrent main components of the Neptunian kilometric radiation, i.e., the 'smooth' and the 'bursty' emissions, and we describe the many specific features of the radio spectrum during closest approach.

  6. Solar system radio emissions studies with the largest low-frequency radio telescopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zakharenko, V.; Konovalenko, A.; Litvinenko, G.; Kolyadin, V.; Zarka, P.; Mylostna, K.; Vasylieva, I.; Griessmeier, J.-M.; Sidorchuk, M.; Rucker, H.; Fischer, G.; Cecconi, B.; Coffre, A.; Denis, L.; Shevchenko, V.; Nikolaenko, V.

    2014-04-01

    We describe the trends and tasks in the field of lowfrequency studies of radio emission from the Solar system's objects. The world's largest decameter radio telescopes UTR-2 and URAN have a unique combination of sensitivity and time/frequency resolution parameters, providing the capability of the most detailed studies of various types of solar and planetary emissions.

  7. Equatorial Emissions Events in the Inner Magnetosphere from THEMIS Observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, K.; Chen, R.; Tam, W. Y.; Chen, L.; Jan, Y.; Yang, Y.

    2013-12-01

    Two specific emission events near equator are found by analyzing wave data from SCM (Search Coil Magnetometer) and EFI (Electric Field Instrument) of THEMIS mission in the local afternoon sector for the year of 2008. These events are both with emissions of frequencies at about 70Hz and 110Hz, between the local proton gyrofrequency fcH+ and the lower hybrid frequency flhr, around 5RE. The analyzed wave vectors are shown to be nearly perpendicular to the ambient geomagnetic fields. The observed ion velocity distributions at the same time exhibit ring features at about 3600 km/sec in perpendicular velocity, which is larger than the local Alfvén velocity. Wave growth rates over different frequencies are calculated to compare with the emission intensity at different frequencies based on dispersion relation of magnetosonic waves.

  8. A parametric study of the propagation of auroral radio emissions through auroral cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gautier, A.; Hess, S.; Cecconi, B.; Zarka, P. M.

    2013-12-01

    Auroral Kilometric Radiation is the radio counterpart of the Earth's auroral radiations, observed in a large domain of wavelength, from Infrared to UV and obviously in visible. It is generated at high latitude (~70°), mostly along the nightside magnetic field lines connecting to the Earth's magnetospheric tail. In-situ observations by numerous spacecraft show that the radio sources are embedded inside depleted cavities. The auroral cavities contain a hot tenuous plasma (ne~1 cm-3, Te~5 keV) in a strong ambient magnetic field (fp/fc < 0.1). The mechanism of emission, the Cyclotron Maser Instability (CMI), predicts an intense X mode emission near gyromagnetic frequency preferentially perpendicular to the local magnetic field. But as the radio waves are generated inside a depleted cavity, they are refracted. The apparent beaming of the source is different from that predicted by the CMI. The characteristics of the apparent beaming of the source outside of the cavity depends on several geometrical and physical parameters of the surrounding medium, as well as the frequency of the radio wave. A ray tracing code (ARTEMIS-P), which computes the trajectories of electromagnetic waves in magnetized plasma, is use to compute the path of radio ray from the source inside the hot tenuous plasma of the cavity to the outside. We model a cylindrical plasma cavity characterized by a few parameters (width, edge and parallel gradients) and we study the effect of the cavity geometry on the beaming of AKR for several frequencies. We draw conclusions about the deterministic nature of the beaming angle of the radio emissions generated in cavities. We then extend our study to emissions from giant planets.

  9. TWO RADIO-EMISSION MECHANISMS IN PSR J0901–4624

    SciTech Connect

    Raithel, C. A.; Shannon, R. M.; Johnston, S.; Kerr, M.

    2015-05-01

    We have detected sporadic, bright, short-duration radio pulses from PSR J0901–4624. These pulses are emitted simultaneously with persistent, periodic emission that dominates the flux density when averaging over many periods of the pulsar. The bright pulses have energies that are consistent with a power-law distribution. The integrated profile of PSR J0901–4624 is highly polarized and shows four distinct components. The bright pulses appear to originate near the magnetic pole of the pulsar and have polarization properties unlike those of the underlying emission at the same pulse phase. We conclude that the bright pulses represent a secondary giant-micropulse emission process, possibly from a different region in the pulsar magnetosphere.

  10. Radio Emission from Saturn's Rings: Polarization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Molnar, L. A.; Dunn, D. E.

    2002-09-01

    We are pursuing a systematic program of observing and modeling the radio emission from Saturn's rings over a range of wavelengths and ring inclinations. In our earlier reports we have presented a number total intensity maps along with results from our Monte Carlo radiative transfer code, simrings. This has been a fruitful test of particle spatial distribution within the rings: in particular evidence of wake structure in the A ring and of a near monolayer in the C ring. In this contribution we present our first maps of polarized intensity. Such observations offer independent information about the nature of the ring particles. In particular, Grossman (Ph.D. thesis, 1990) showed that the orientation of the position angle of the polarization of the rings is in direct conflict with the predictions of Mie scattering. We will present several polarized maps, discuss some of the subtleties of producing such maps (in particular the tradeoff between angular resolution and reliable intensities), and suggest possible approaches for modeling of the polarized emission. This work was supported in part by a grant from Research Corporation.

  11. A JVLA survey of the high-frequency radio emission of the massive magnetic B- and O-type stars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kurapati, Sushma; Chandra, Poonam; Wade, Gregg; Cohen, David H.; David-Uraz, Alexandre; Gagne, Marc; Grunhut, Jason; Oksala, Mary E.; Petit, Veronique; Shultz, Matt; Sundqvist, Jon; Townsend, Richard H. D.; ud-Doula, Asif

    2017-02-01

    We conducted a survey of seven magnetic O-type stars and eleven B-type stars with masses above 8 M⊙ using the Very Large Array in the 1, 3 and 13 cm bands. The survey resulted in a detection of two O- and two B-type stars. While the detected O-type stars - HD 37742 and HD 47129 - are in binary systems, the detected B-type stars, HD 156424 and ALS 9522, are not known to be in binaries. All four stars were detected at 3 cm, whereas three were detected at 1 cm and only one star was detected at 13 cm. The detected B-type stars are significantly more radio luminous than the non-detected ones, which is not the case for O-type stars. The non-detections at 13 cm are interpreted as due to thermal free-free absorption. Mass-loss rates were estimated using 3 cm flux densities and were compared with theoretical mass-loss rates, which assume free-free emission. For HD 37742, the two values of the mass-loss rates were in good agreement, possibly suggesting that the radio emission for this star is mainly thermal. For the other three stars, the estimated mass-loss rates from radio observations were much higher than those expected from theory, suggesting either a possible contribution from non-thermal emission from the magnetic star or thermal or non-thermal emission due to interacting winds of the binary system, especially for HD 47129. All the detected stars are predicted to host centrifugal magnetospheres except HD 37742, which is likely to host a dynamical magnetosphere. This suggests that non-thermal radio emission is favoured in stars with centrifugal magnetospheres.

  12. Neptune's non-thermal radio emissions - Phenomenology and source locations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rabl, Gerald K. F.; Ladreiter, H.-P.; Rucker, Helmut O.; Kaiser, Michael L.

    1992-01-01

    During the inbound and the outbound leg of Voyager 2's encounter with Neptune, the Planetary Radio Astronomy (PRA) experiment aboard the spacecraft detected short radio bursts at frequencies within the range of about 500-1300 kHz, and broad-banded smoothly varying emission patterns within the frequency range from about 40-800 kHz. Both emissions can be described in terms of a period of 16.1 hours determining Neptune's rotation period. Furthermore, just near closest approach, a narrow-banded smoothly varying radio component was observed occurring between 600 and 800 kHz. After giving a brief overview about some general characteristics of Neptune's nonthermal radio emission, the source locations of Neptune's emission components are determined, using an offset tilted dipole model for Neptune's magnetic field. Assuming that the emission originates near the electron gyrofrequency a geometrical beaming model is developed in order to fit the observed emission episodes.

  13. Searching the Nearest Stars for Exoplanetary Radio Emission: VLA and LOFAR Observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Knapp, Mary; Winterhalter, Daniel; Lazio, Joseph

    2016-10-01

    Six of the eight solar system planets and one moon (Ganymede) exhibit present-day dynamo magnetic fields. To date, however, there are no conclusive detections of exoplanetary magnetic fields. Low frequency radio emission via the cyclotron maser instability (CMI) from interactions between a planet and the solar/stellar wind is the most direct means of detecting and characterizing planetary/exoplanetary magnetic fields. We have undertaken a survey of the very nearest stars in low frequency radio (30 MHz - 4 GHz) in order to search for yet-undiscovered planets. The closest stars are chosen in order to reduce the attenuation of the magnetospheric radio signal by distance dilution, thereby increasing the chances of making a detection if a planet with a strong magnetic field is present. The VLA telescope (P-band: 230-470 MHz, L-band: 1-2 GHz, S-band: 2-4 GHz) and LOFAR telescope (LBA: 30-75 MHz) have been used to conduct this survey.This work focuses on VLA and LOFAR observations of an M-dwarf binary system: GJ 725. We present upper limits on radio flux as a function of frequency. Since the peak emission frequency of CMI-type emission is the local plasma frequency in the emission region, the peak frequency of planetary radio emission is a direct proxy for the magnetic field strength of the planet. Our spectral irradiance upper limits therefore represent upper limits on the magnetic field strengths of any planets in the GJ 725 system.Part of this research was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  14. Radio emission and the forbidden line region of Seyfert galaxies

    SciTech Connect

    Ulvestad, J.S.

    1981-01-01

    The results of an extensive program of mapping Seyfert galaxies using the Very Large Array radio telescope are presented. Unlike the majority of radio galaxies, the radio emission in most Seyferts is confined to the inner few kiloparsecs (or less) of the galaxy. This scale is similar to the size of the region in which optical forbidden line emission occurs. Six double (or triple) radio sources have been mapped now in Seyfert galaxies. Approximately ten more galaxies shown more diffuse emission or are resolved only slightly. In almost all galaxies, the central radio peak, when present, coincides with the optical continuum peak. In every double or triple radio source, the outer radio lobes straddle that optical peak. The major axes of the double and triple radio sources may be correlated with the directions of greatest elongation of the optical line-emitting cloud complexes. However, the radio source axes do not appear to be related to the major or minor axes of the outer optical continuum isophotes of the Seyfert galaxies. Synchrotron emission is the dominant source of radio photons in all the galaxies observed. Thermal processes contribute, on the average, no more than about 6% of the total radio emission at 4.885 GHz. Using standard assumptions, radio luminosities, magnetic fields, and total energy contents have been calculated for the observed galaxies. The triple radio source in NGC 5548 has been studied in detail. The properties of NGC 5548 have been used to investigate some theoretical aspects of the double and triple sources and their relationship to the forbidden line region (FLR).

  15. Solar wind control of Jupiter's hectometric radio emission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barrow, C. H.; Desch, M. D.

    1989-01-01

    Radio, plasma, and magnetic field data obtained by Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 were used to examine the manner in which the Jovian hectometric radio emission (HOM) is controlled by the solar wind. Using the method of superposed epochs, it was found that the higher energy HOM is correlated with the IMF as well as with the solar wind density and pressure. However, unlike the Io-independent decametric radio emission (Non-Io DAM), the HOM displayed no correlation with the solar wind velocity, although this radio component appear to be also influenced by the IMF. The results suggest separate HOM amd Non-Io DAM sources.

  16. Detection of radio emission from GX9+1.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zaumen, W.; Murthy, G. T.; Rappaport, S.; Hjellming, R. M.; Wade, C. M.

    1972-01-01

    Detection of a variable radio source in association with the X-ray source GX9+1, using the NRAO three-element interferometer at frequencies of 2695 and 8085 MHz. This radio source appears unresolved at all spacings, and must therefore be smaller than 1 arc sec. Two other celestial X-ray sources, GX349+2 and GX340+0 were also observed for radio emission during the same period of observations of GX9+1. These two sources should be good candidates for radio emission.

  17. A Search For X-Ray Emission From Colliding Magnetospheres In Young Eccentric Stellar Binaries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Getman, Konstantin V.; Broos, Patrick S.; Kóspál, Ágnes; Salter, Demerese M.; Garmire, Gordon P.

    2016-12-01

    Among young binary stars whose magnetospheres are expected to collide, only two systems have been observed near periastron in the X-ray band: the low-mass DQ Tau and the older and more massive HD 152404. Both exhibit elevated levels of X-ray emission at periastron. Our goal is to determine whether colliding magnetospheres in young high-eccentricity binaries commonly produce elevated average levels of X-ray activity. This work is based on Chandra snapshots of multiple periastron and non-periastron passages in four nearby young eccentric binaries (Parenago 523, RX J1622.7-2325 Nw, UZ Tau E, and HD 152404). We find that for the merged sample of all four binaries the current X-ray data show an increasing average X-ray flux near periastron (at a ∼2.5-sigma level). Further comparison of these data with the X-ray properties of hundreds of young stars in the Orion Nebula Cluster, produced by the Chandra Orion Ultradeep Project (COUP), indicates that the X-ray emission from the merged sample of our binaries cannot be explained within the framework of the COUP-like X-ray activity. However, due to the inhomogeneities of the merged binary sample and the relatively low statistical significance of the detected flux increase, these findings are regarded as tentative only. More data are needed to prove that the flux increase is real and is related to the processes of colliding magnetospheres.

  18. RADIO AND GAMMA-RAY PULSED EMISSION FROM MILLISECOND PULSARS

    SciTech Connect

    Du, Y. J.; Chen, D.; Qiao, G. J.

    2013-01-20

    Pulsed {gamma}-ray emission from millisecond pulsars (MSPs) has been detected by the sensitive Fermi space telescope, which sheds light on studies of the emission region and its mechanism. In particular, the specific patterns of radio and {gamma}-ray emission from PSR J0101-6422 challenge the popular pulsar models, e.g., outer gap and two-pole caustic models. Using the three-dimensional annular gap model, we have jointly simulated radio and {gamma}-ray light curves for three representative MSPs (PSR J0034-0534, PSR J0101-6422, and PSR J0437-4715) with distinct radio phase lags, and present the best simulated results for these MSPs, particularly for PSR J0101-6422 with complex radio and {gamma}-ray pulse profiles, and for PSR J0437-4715 with a radio interpulse. We have found that both the {gamma}-ray and radio emission originate from the annular gap region located in only one magnetic pole, and the radio emission region is not primarily lower than the {gamma}-ray region in most cases. In addition, the annular gap model with a small magnetic inclination angle instead of an 'orthogonal rotator' can account for the MSPs' radio interpulse with a large phase separation from the main pulse. The annular gap model is a self-consistent model not only for young pulsars but also MSPs, and multi-wavelength light curves can be fundamentally explained using this model.

  19. Uranus as a radio source

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Desch, M. D.; Kaiser, M. L.; Zarka, P.; Lecacheux, A.; Leblanc, Y.; Aubier, M.; Ortega-Molina, A.

    1991-01-01

    The complex nature of the Uranus radio emissions, both magnetospheric and atmospheric, is reviewed, with emphasis on the identification of distinct components and the determination of their source locations. Seven radii components were discovered in addition to the RF signature of lightning in the planet's atmosphere. Six of the seven magnetospheric components are freely propagating emissions; one component, the nonthermal continuum, is trapped in the density cavity between the magnetopause and the dense inner magnetosphere. The radio components are divided into two types according to their emission signature: bursty emission and smooth emission. The inferred source location for the dominant nightside emission is above the nightside magnetic pole, largely overlapping the UV auroral region and the magnetic polar cap. The N-burst component appears to be associated with solar-wind enhancements at Uranus, consistent with the idea that the solar wind was triggering magnetospheric substormlike activity during the encounter.

  20. On the proposed triggering of Jovian radio emissions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Desch, M. D.; Kaiser, M. L.

    1985-01-01

    Calvert (1985) has proposed that a solar type III radio bursts can trigger the onset of certain Jovian hectometer wavelength emissions. It is shown, using the data obtained by the Voyager Planetary Radio Astronomy experiment, that this triggering hypothesis is not supported statistically. Furthermore, the causality of this proposed triggering is questioned because much of the Jovian hectometer emission is due to a quasi-continuous radio source rotating, in lighthouse fashion, with Jupiter. Thus, an observed 'onset' of emission is simply a function of the observer's position in local time around Jupiter.

  1. Acoustic-gravity waves in the nonisothermal atmosphere and its influence on the magnetospheric quasi-periodic vlf emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Savina, Olga; Bespalov, Peter; Misonova, Vera; Petrov, Kiril

    2014-05-01

    We examine two mutually complementing tasks related to the theoretical analysis of acoustic-gravity disturbances in the Earth's atmosphere and its influence on magnetosphere processes. Our research is based on modern atmospherical models. We study waves propagation, absorption, and filtration. The atmospheric nonisothermicity is taken into account, for example, by introduction of a two-layered atmosphere temperature model. For a study of more delicate effects, a piecewise-linear model, for which the analytical solution is written by the hypergeometric functions, is employed. Also we consider an influence of acoustic-gravity waves on VLF electromagnetic wave excitation in the magnetosphere. This influence occurs as a result of the following processes: a modulation of the plasma density by acoustic-gravity waves in the ionosphere, a modulation of reflection from the ionosphere for VLF waves, and a modification of the magnetospheric resonator Q-factor for VLF waves. Variation of the magnetospheric resonator Q-factor has an influence on the operation of the plasma magnetospheric maser, where the active substances are radiation belts particles and the working modes are electromagnetic VLF waves (whistler-type waves). The plasma magnetospheric maser can be responsible for an excitation of self-oscillations. These self-oscillations are frequently characterized by alternating stages of accumulation and precipitation of energetic particles into the ionosphere during a pulse of whistler emissions. Numerical and analytical investigations of the response of self-oscillations to harmonic oscillations of the whistler reflection coefficient shows that even a small modulation rate can significantly changes the magnetospheric VLF emissions. Our results can explain the causes of the modulation of energetic electron fluxes and whistler wave intensity with a time scale from 10 to 150 seconds in the day-side magnetosphere. Such quasi-periodic VLF emissions are often observed in the sub

  2. Continuum radiation in planetary magnetospheres

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kurth, W. S.

    1991-01-01

    With the completion of the Voyager tour of the outer planets, radio and plasma wave instruments have executed the first survey of the wave spectra of Earth, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. One of the most notable conclusions of this survey is that there is a great deal of qualitative similarity in both the plasma wave and radio wave spectra from one magnetosphere to the next. In particular, in spite of detailed differences, most of the radio emissions at each of the planets have been tentatively classified into two primary categories. First, the most intense emissions are generally associated with the cyclotron maser instability. Second, a class of weaker emissions can be found at each of the magnetospheres which appears to be the result of conversion from intense electrostatic emissions at the upper hybrid resonance frequency into (primarily) ordinary mode radio emission. It is this second category, often referred to as nonthermal continuum radiation, which we will discuss in this review. We review the characteristics of the continuum spectrum at each of the planets, discuss the source region and direct observations of the generation of the emissions where available, and briefly describe the theories for the generation of the emissions. Over the past few years evidence has increased that the linear mode conversion of electrostatic waves into the ordinary mode can account for at least some of the continuum radiation observed. There is no definitive evidence which precludes the possibility that a nonlinear mechanism may also be important.

  3. Continuum radiation in planetary magnetospheres

    SciTech Connect

    Kurth, W.S.

    1991-12-01

    With the completion of the Voyager tour of the outer planets, radio and plasma wave instruments have executed the first survey of the wave spectra of Earth, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. One of the most notable conclusions of this survey is that there is a great deal of qualitative similarity in both the plasma wave and radio wave spectra from one magnetosphere to the next. In particular, in spite of detailed differences, most of the radio emissions at each of the planets have been tentatively classified into two primary categories. First, the most intense emissions are generally associated with the cyclotron maser instability. Second, a class of weaker emissions can be found at each of the magnetospheres which appears to be the result of conversion from intense electrostatic emissions at the upper hybrid resonance frequency into (primarily) ordinary mode radio emission. It is this second category, often referred to as nonthermal continuum radiation, which we will discuss in this review. We review the characteristics of the continuum spectrum at each of the planets, discuss the source region and direct observations of the generation of the emissions where available, and briefly describe the theories for the generation of the emissions. Over the past few years evidence has increased that the linear mode conversion of electrostatic waves into the ordinary mode can account for at least some of the continuum radiation observed. There is no definitive evidence which precludes the possibility that a nonlinear mechanism may also be important.

  4. How expanded ionospheres of Hot Jupiters can prevent escape of radio emission generated by the cyclotron maser instability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weber, C.; Lammer, H.; Shaikhislamov, I. F.; Chadney, J. M.; Khodachenko, M. L.; Grießmeier, J.-M.; Rucker, H. O.; Vocks, C.; Macher, W.; Odert, P.; Kislyakova, K. G.

    2017-08-01

    We present a study of plasma conditions in the atmospheres of the Hot Jupiters HD 209458b and HD 189733b and for an HD 209458b like planet at orbit locations between 0.2 and 1 au around a Sun-like star. We discuss how these conditions influence the radio emission we expect from their magnetospheres. We find that the environmental conditions are such that the cyclotron maser instability (CMI), the process responsible for the generation of radio waves at magnetic planets in the Solar system, most likely will not operate at Hot Jupiters. Hydrodynamically expanding atmospheres possess extended ionospheres whose plasma densities within the magnetosphere are so large that the plasma frequency is much higher than the cyclotron frequency, which contradicts the condition for the production of radio emission and prevents the escape of radio waves from close-in exoplanets at distances <0.05 au from a Sun-like host star. The upper atmosphere structure of gas giants around stars similar to the Sun changes between 0.2 and 0.5 au from the hydrodynamic to a hydrostatic regime, and this results in conditions similar to Solar system planets with a region of depleted plasma between the exobase and the magnetopause, where the plasma frequency can be lower than the cyclotron frequency. In such an environment, a beam of highly energetic electrons accelerated along the field lines towards the planet can produce radio emission. However, even if the CMI could operate, the extended ionospheres of Hot Jupiters are too dense to allow the radio emission to escape from the planets.

  5. Neptune radio emission in dipole and multipole magnetic fields

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sawyer, C. B.; King, N. V.; Romig, J. H.; Warwick, J. W.

    1995-01-01

    We study Neptune's smooth radio emission in two ways: we simulate the observations and we then consider the radio effects of Neptune's magnetic multipoles. A procedure to deduce the characteristics of radio sources observed by the Planetary Radio Astronomy experiment minimizes limiting assumptions and maximizes use of the data, including quantitative measurement of circular polarization. Study of specific sources simulates time variation of intensity and apparent polarization of their integrated emission over an extended time period. The method is applied to Neptune smooth recurrent emission (SRE). Time series are modeled with both broad and beamed emission patterns, and at two frequencies which exhibit different time variation of polarization. These dipole-based results are overturned by consideration of more complex models of Neptune's magnetic field. Any smooth emission from the anticipated auroral radio source is weak and briefly observed. Dominant SRE originates complex fields at midlatitude. Possible SRE source locations overlap that of 'high-latitude' emission (HLE) between +(out) and -(in) quadrupoles. This is the first identification of multipolar magnetic structure with a major source of planetary radio emission.

  6. Fast Radio Bursts’ Emission Mechanism: Implication from Localization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lyutikov, Maxim

    2017-03-01

    We argue that the localization of the repeating fast radio bursts (FRBs) at ˜1 Gpc excludes a rotationally powered type of radio emission (e.g., analogs of Crab’s giant pulses coming from very young energetic pulsars) as the origin of FRBs.

  7. Analysis of Jovian decamteric data: Study of radio emission mechanisms

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Staelin, D. H.; Rosenkranz, P. W.; Arias, T. A.; Garnavich, P. N.; Hammerschlag, R.

    1986-01-01

    This research effort involved careful examination of Jovian radio emission data below 40 MHz, with emphasis on the informative observations of the Planetary Radio Astronomy experiment (PRA) on the Voyager 1 and 2 spacecraft. The work is divided into three sections, decametric arcs, decametric V bursts, and hectometric modulated spectral activity (MSA).

  8. Near Earth space sporadic radio emission busts occurring during sunrise

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dudnik, A. V.; Zaljubovsky, I. I.; Kartashev, V. M.; Lasarev, A. V.; Shmatko, E. S.

    1985-01-01

    During the period of low solar activity at sunrise the effect of sporadic high frequency near Earth space radio emission was experimentally discovered at middle latitudes. The possible mechanism of its origin is discussed.

  9. Evidence for solar wind control of Saturn radio emission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Desch, M. D.

    1982-01-01

    Using data collected by the Voyager 1 and 2 spacecraft in 1980 and 1981, strong evidence is presented for a direct correlation between variations in the solar wind at Saturn and the level of activity of Saturn's nonthermal radio emission. Correlation coefficients of 57 to 58% are reached at lag times of 0 to 1 days between the arrival at Saturn of high pressure solar wind streams and the onset of increased radio emission. The radio emission exhibits a long-term periodicity of 25 days, identical to the periodicity seen in the solar wind at this time and consistent with the solar rotation period. The energy coupling efficiency between the solar wind with the Saturn radio emission is estimated and compared with that for Earth.

  10. Satellite Emission Radio Interferometric Earth Surveying (SERIES). [astrometry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Macdoran, P. F.

    1980-01-01

    Existing satellite radio emissions of the global positioning system were exploited as a resource for cost effective high accuracy geodetic measurements. System applications were directed toward crustal dynamics and earthquake research.

  11. Radio emission of magnetars driven by the quasi-linear diffusion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Osmanov, Z.

    2014-11-01

    In this paper, we study the possibility of generation of electromagnetic waves in the magnetospheres of radio magnetars by means of the quasi-linear diffusion (QLD). Considering the magnetosphere composed of the so-called beam and the plasma components, respectively, we argue that the frozen-in condition will inevitably lead to the generation of the unstable cyclotron modes. These modes, via the QLD, will in turn influence the particle distribution function, leading to certain values of the pitch angles, thus to an efficient synchrotron mechanism, producing radio photons. We show that for three known radio magnetars, the QLD might be a realistic mechanism for producing photons in the radio band.

  12. Voyager detection of nonthermal radio emission from Saturn

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kaiser, M. L.; Desch, M. D.; Warwick, J. W.; Pearce, J. B.

    1980-01-01

    The detection of bursts of nonthermal radio noise from Saturn by the planetary radio astonomy experiment onboard the Voyager spacecraft is discussed. The emissions occur near 200 kHz with a peak flux density comparable to higher frequency Jovian emissions. The radiation is right-hand polarized and is most likely emitted in the extraordinary magnetoionic mode from Saturn's northern hemisphere. Modulation is apparent in the data which is consistent with a planetary rotation period of 10 hr 39.9 min.

  13. Fermi Gamma-Ray Pulsars: Understanding the High-energy Emission from Dissipative Magnetospheres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalapotharakos, Constantinos; Harding, Alice K.; Kazanas, Demosthenes; Brambilla, Gabriele

    2017-06-01

    Based on the Fermi observational data, we reveal meaningful constraints for the dependence of the macroscopic conductivity (σ) of dissipative pulsar magnetosphere models on the corresponding spin-down rate, \\dot{{ E }}. Our models are refinements of the FIDO (Force-free Inside, Dissipative Outside) models, which have dissipative regions that are restricted on the equatorial current sheet outside of the the light-cylinder. Taking into account the observed cutoff energies of all of the Fermi pulsars and assuming that (a) the corresponding γ-ray pulsed emission is due to curvature radiation at the radiation-reaction-limit regime, and (b) this emission is produced at the equatorial current sheet near the light cylinder, we show that the Fermi data provide clear indications about the corresponding accelerating electric-field components. A direct comparison between the Fermi cutoff energies and the model ones reveals that σ increases with \\dot{{ E }} for high \\dot{{ E }}-values, while it saturates for low ones. This comparison indicates also that the corresponding gap width increases toward low \\dot{{ E }}-values. Assuming the Goldreich-Julian flux for the emitting particles, we calculate the total γ-ray luminosity (L γ ). A comparison between the dependence of the Fermi L γ -values and the model ones on \\dot{{ E }} indicates an increase of the emitting particle multiplicity with \\dot{{ E }}. Our modeling, guided by the Fermi data alone, enhances our understanding of the physical mechanisms behind the high-energy emission in pulsar magnetospheres.

  14. Measurement of radio emission from extensive air showers with LOPES

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hörandel, J. R.; Apel, W. D.; Arteaga, J. C.; Asch, T.; Badea, F.; Bähren, L.; Bekk, K.; Bertaina, M.; Biermann, P. L.; Blümer, J.; Bozdog, H.; Brancus, I. M.; Brüggemann, M.; Buchholz, P.; Buitink, S.; Cantoni, E.; Chiavassa, A.; Cossavella, F.; Daumiller, K.; de Souza, V.; di Pierro, F.; Doll, P.; Ender, M.; Engel, R.; Falcke, H.; Finger, M.; Fuhrmann, D.; Gemmeke, H.; Ghia, P. L.; Glasstetter, R.; Grupen, C.; Haungs, A.; Heck, D.; Horneffer, A.; Huege, T.; Isar, P. G.; Kampert, K.-H.; Kang, D.; Kickelbick, D.; Krömer, O.; Kuijpers, J.; Lafebre, S.; Link, K.; Łuczak, P.; Ludwig, M.; Mathes, H. J.; Mayer, H. J.; Melissas, M.; Mitrica, B.; Morello, C.; Navarra, G.; Nehls, S.; Nigl, A.; Oehlschläger, J.; Over, S.; Palmieri, N.; Petcu, M.; Pierog, T.; Rautenberg, J.; Rebel, H.; Roth, M.; Saftoiu, A.; Schieler, H.; Schmidt, A.; Schröder, F.; Sima, O.; Singh, K.; Toma, G.; Trinchero, G. C.; Ulrich, H.; Weindl, A.; Wochele, J.; Wommer, M.; Zabierowski, J.; Zensus, J. A.

    2011-02-01

    A new method is explored to detect extensive air showers: the measurement of radio waves emitted during the propagation of the electromagnetic shower component in the magnetic field of the Earth. Recent results of the pioneering experiment LOPES are discussed. It registers radio signals in the frequency range between 40 and 80 MHz. The intensity of the measured radio emission is investigated as a function of different shower parameters, such as shower energy, angle of incidence, and distance to shower axis. In addition, new antenna types are developed in the framework of LOPESstar and new methods are explored to realize a radio self-trigger algorithm in real time.

  15. PULSED GAMMA RAYS FROM THE ORIGINAL MILLISECOND AND BLACK WIDOW PULSARS: A CASE FOR CAUSTIC RADIO EMISSION?

    SciTech Connect

    Guillemot, L.; Kramer, M.; Freire, P. C. C.; Noutsos, A.; Johnson, T. J.; Harding, A. K.; Venter, C.; Kerr, M.; Michelson, P. F.; Pancrazi, B.; Livingstone, M.; Janssen, G. H.; Jaroenjittichai, P.; Stappers, B. W.; Espinoza, C. M.; Cognard, I.; Camilo, F.; Gargano, F.; Grove, J. E.; Johnston, S. E-mail: tyrel.j.johnson@gmail.com E-mail: kerrm@stanford.edu; and others

    2012-01-01

    We report the detection of pulsed gamma-ray emission from the fast millisecond pulsars (MSPs) B1937+21 (also known as J1939+2134) and B1957+20 (J1959+2048) using 18 months of survey data recorded by the Fermi Large Area Telescope and timing solutions based on radio observations conducted at the Westerbork and Nancay radio telescopes. In addition, we analyzed archival Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer and XMM-Newton X-ray data for the two MSPs, confirming the X-ray emission properties of PSR B1937+21 and finding evidence ({approx}4{sigma}) for pulsed emission from PSR B1957+20 for the first time. In both cases the gamma-ray emission profile is characterized by two peaks separated by half a rotation and are in close alignment with components observed in radio and X-rays. These two pulsars join PSRs J0034-0534 and J2214+3000 to form an emerging class of gamma-ray MSPs with phase-aligned peaks in different energy bands. The modeling of the radio and gamma-ray emission profiles suggests co-located emission regions in the outer magnetosphere.

  16. Pulsed Gamma Rays from the Original Millisecond and Black Widow Pulsars: A Case for Caustic Radio Emission?

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Guillemot, L.; Johnson, T. J.; Venter, C.; Kerr, M.; Pancrazi, B.; Livingstone, M.; Janssen, G. H.; Jaroenjittichai, P.; Kramer, M.; Cognard, I.; Stappers, B. W.; Harding, A. K.; Camilo, F.; Espinoza, C. M.; Freire, P. C. C.; Gargano, F.; Grove, J. E.; Johnston, S.; Michelson, P. F.; Noutsos, A.; Parent, D.; Ransom, S. M.; Ray, P. S.; Shannon, R.; Smith, D. A.

    2011-01-01

    We report the detection of pulsed gamma-ray emission from the fast millisecond pulsars (MSPs) B1937+21 (also known as J1939+2134) and B1957+20 (J1959+2048) using 18 months of survey data recorded by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) and timing solutions based on radio observations conducted at the Westerbork and Nancay radio telescopes. In addition, we analyzed archival RXTE and XMM-Newton X-ray data for the two MSPs, confirming the X-ray emission properties of PSR B1937+21 and finding evidence (approx. 4(sigma)) for pulsed emission from PSR B1957+20 for the first time. In both cases the gamma-ray emission profile is characterized by two peaks separated by half a rotation and are in close alignment with components observed in radio and X-rays. These two pulsars join PSRs J0034..0534 and J2214+3000 to form an emerging class of gamma-ray MSPs with phase-aligned peaks in different energy bands. The modeling of the radio and gamma-ray emission pro les suggests co-located emission regions in the outer magnetosphere.

  17. Pulsed Gamma Rays From The Original Millisecond And Black Widow Pulsars: A Case For Caustic Radio Emission?

    SciTech Connect

    Guillemot, L.; Johnson, T. J.; Venter, C.; Kerr, M.; Pancrazi, B.; Livingstone, M.; Janssen, G. H.; Jaroenjittichai, P.; Kramer, M.; Cognard, I.; Stappers, B. W.; Harding, A. K.; Camilo, F.; Espinoza, C. M.; Freire, P. C. C.; Gargano, F.; Grove, J. E.; Johnston, S.; Michelson, P. F.; Noutsos, A.; Parent, D.; Ransom, S. M.; Ray, P. S.; Shannon, R.; Smith, D. A.; Theureau, G.; Thorsett, S. E.; Webb, N.

    2011-12-12

    We report the detection of pulsed gamma-ray emission from the fast millisecond pulsars (MSPs) B1937+21 (also known as J1939+2134) and B1957+20 (J1959+2048) using 18 months of survey data recorded by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) and timing solutions based on radio observations conducted at the Westerbork and Nancay radio telescopes. In addition, we analyzed archival RXTE and XMM-Newton X-ray data for the two MSPs, con rming the X-ray emission properties of PSR B1937+21 and nding evidence (~ 4σ) for pulsed emission from PSR B1957+20 for the rst time. In both cases the gamma-ray emission pro le is characterized by two peaks separated by half a rotation and are in close alignment with components observed in radio and X-rays. These two pulsars join PSRs J0034-0534 and J2214+3000 to form an emerging class of gamma-ray MSPs with phase-aligned peaks in different energy bands. The modeling of the radio and gamma-ray emission pro les suggests co-located emission regions in the outer magnetosphere.

  18. Pulsed Gamma Rays From The Original Millisecond And Black Widow Pulsars: A Case For Caustic Radio Emission?

    DOE PAGES

    Guillemot, L.; Johnson, T. J.; Venter, C.; ...

    2011-12-12

    We report the detection of pulsed gamma-ray emission from the fast millisecond pulsars (MSPs) B1937+21 (also known as J1939+2134) and B1957+20 (J1959+2048) using 18 months of survey data recorded by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) and timing solutions based on radio observations conducted at the Westerbork and Nancay radio telescopes. In addition, we analyzed archival RXTE and XMM-Newton X-ray data for the two MSPs, con rming the X-ray emission properties of PSR B1937+21 and nding evidence (~ 4σ) for pulsed emission from PSR B1957+20 for the rst time. In both cases the gamma-ray emission pro le is characterized bymore » two peaks separated by half a rotation and are in close alignment with components observed in radio and X-rays. These two pulsars join PSRs J0034-0534 and J2214+3000 to form an emerging class of gamma-ray MSPs with phase-aligned peaks in different energy bands. The modeling of the radio and gamma-ray emission pro les suggests co-located emission regions in the outer magnetosphere.« less

  19. Pulsed Gamma Rays from the Original Millisecond and Black Widow Pulsars: A Case for Caustic Radio Emission?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guillemot, L.; Johnson, T. J.; Venter, C.; Kerr, M.; Pancrazi, B.; Livingstone, M.; Janssen, G. H.; Jaroenjittichai, P.; Kramer, M.; Cognard, I.; Stappers, B. W.; Harding, A. K.; Camilo, F.; Espinoza, C. M.; Freire, P. C. C.; Gargano, F.; Grove, J. E.; Johnston, S.; Michelson, P. F.; Noutsos, A.; Parent, D.; Ransom, S. M.; Ray, P. S.; Shannon, R.; Smith, D. A.; Theureau, G.; Thorsett, S. E.; Webb, N.

    2012-01-01

    We report the detection of pulsed gamma-ray emission from the fast millisecond pulsars (MSPs) B1937+21 (also known as J1939+2134) and B1957+20 (J1959+2048) using 18 months of survey data recorded by the Fermi Large Area Telescope and timing solutions based on radio observations conducted at the Westerbork and Nançay radio telescopes. In addition, we analyzed archival Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer and XMM-Newton X-ray data for the two MSPs, confirming the X-ray emission properties of PSR B1937+21 and finding evidence (~4σ) for pulsed emission from PSR B1957+20 for the first time. In both cases the gamma-ray emission profile is characterized by two peaks separated by half a rotation and are in close alignment with components observed in radio and X-rays. These two pulsars join PSRs J0034-0534 and J2214+3000 to form an emerging class of gamma-ray MSPs with phase-aligned peaks in different energy bands. The modeling of the radio and gamma-ray emission profiles suggests co-located emission regions in the outer magnetosphere.

  20. Disk wind and magnetospheric accretion in emission from the Herbig Ae star MWC 480

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tambovtseva, L. V.; Grinin, V. P.; Potravnov, I. S.; Mkrtichian, D. E.

    2016-09-01

    The young Herbig Ae star MWC 480 (HD 31648) is one of the comprehensively spectroscopically studied stars in the ultraviolet, optical, and infrared spectral ranges. Using non-LTE modeling of its hydrogen spectrum, we have calculated the contribution to the hydrogen emission from such important regions of the circumstellar environment as the disk wind and the magnetosphere. We have used our own observations of the stellar spectrum performed with the 2.4-m telescope at the Thai National Observatory to quantitatively check our theoretical calculations. In addition, all of the visible and infrared spectra available in the literature have been used for a qualitative comparison. The modeling results have revealed a significant role of the magneto-centrifugal disk wind in the formation of atomic hydrogen emission. The cause of the emission line variability in the spectrum ofMWC 480 is discussed.

  1. On the links between magnetodisc perturbations and radio emissions at Jupiter.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Louarn, P.

    2014-04-01

    We first review measurements made by the Galileo energetic particle detector (EPD), the magnetometer (MAG) and the plasma wave/radio instrument (PWS) to establish relationships between various dynamic processes occurring in the jovian magnetosdisk and in Io torus: (1) the 'energetic-events' or 'radio events' seenwith PWS [Louarn et al., 1998]), (2) in-situ signatures of reconnection seen by the magnetometer and EPD (the 'reconfiguration-events' [Kronberg et al., 2005, Vogt et al., 2010]), at 80-100 RJ and, (3) particle injections seen at 10-20 RJ [Mauk et al., 1999, Louarn et al, 2014]. We then present new analysis attempting to characterize the density/magnetic perturbations of the magnetodisk that may be related to these major disturbances. They are based on PWS and MAG observations made in the magnetodisk itself, at distances ranging from 20 to ~70 RJ. It is shown that the radio events generally correspond to increases of the plasma content of the disk (which is deduced from measurements of the upper hybrid frequency). In a few cases, it is observed that the magnetic field deviates off the meridian plane, with an azimuthal component that becomes significant. This suggests that an enhanced magnetosphere/ionosphere current system enforces the co-rotation of the more massive disk. The link between this possible enhanced current system and more powerful radio emissions is discussed.

  2. Fine Structure of Anomalously Intense Pulses of PSR J0814+7429 Radio Emission in the Decameter Range

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Skoryk, A. O.; Ulyanov, O. M.; Zakharenko, V. V.; Shevtsova, A. I.; Vasylieva, I. Y.; Plakhov, M. S.; Kravtsov, I. M.

    2017-06-01

    Purpose: The fine structure of the anomalously intense pulses of PSR J0814+7429 (B0809+74) has been studied. The pulsar radio emission fine structure is investigated to determine its parameters in the lowest part of spectrum available for groundbased observations. Design/methodology/approach: The scattering measure in the interstellar plasma have been estimated using the spectral and correlation analyses of pulsar data recorded by the UTR-2 radio telescope. Results: Two characteristic time scales of the anomalously intense pulses fine structure of the PSR J0814+7429 radio emission have been found. The strongest pulses of this pulsar in the decameter range can have a duration of about t 2÷3 ms. These pulses are emitted in short series. In some cases, they are emitted over the low-intensity plateau consisting of the “long” subpulse component. Conclusions: The narrowest correlation scale of pulsar J0814+7429 radio emission corresponds to the doubled scattering time constant of the interstellar medium impulse response. Broader scale of the fine structure of its radio emission can be explained by the radiation of a short series of narrow pulses or relatively broad pulses inside this pulsar magnetosphere.

  3. Creation of visible artificial optical emissions in the aurora by high-power radio waves.

    PubMed

    Pedersen, Todd R; Gerken, Elizabeth A

    2005-02-03

    Generation of artificial light in the sky by means of high-power radio waves interacting with the ionospheric plasma has been envisaged since the early days of radio exploration of the upper atmosphere, with proposed applications ranging from regional night-time street lighting to atmospheric measurements. Weak optical emissions have been produced for decades in such ionospheric 'heating' experiments, where they serve as key indicators of electron acceleration, thermal heating, and other effects of incompletely understood wave-particle interactions in the plasma under conditions difficult to replicate in the laboratory. The extremely low intensities produced previously have, however, required sensitive instrumentation for detection, preventing applications beyond scientific research. Here we report observations of radio-induced optical emissions bright enough to be seen by the naked eye, and produced not in the quiet mid-latitude ionosphere, but in the midst of a pulsating natural aurora. This may open the door to visual applications of ionospheric heating technology or provide a way to probe the dynamics of the natural aurora and magnetosphere.

  4. Possible radio-emission signatures of exoplanets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Budding, E.; Slee, O. B.; Johnston-Hollitt, M.

    2015-03-01

    A brief review of possibly detectable radio-effects from exoplanets is presented. Previous observations may show relevant effects, when appropriate theory is taken into account. Pointers to contemporary and future lines of investigation are also presented.

  5. X-RAY EMISSION FROM OPTICALLY SELECTED RADIO-INTERMEDIATE AND RADIO-LOUD QUASARS

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, B. P.; Brandt, W. N.; Schneider, D. P.; Wu Jianfeng; Gibson, R. R.; Steffen, A. T. E-mail: niel@astro.psu.edu E-mail: jfwu@astro.psu.edu E-mail: rgibson@astro.washington.edu

    2011-01-01

    We present the results of an investigation into the X-ray properties of radio-intermediate and radio-loud quasars (RIQs and RLQs, respectively). We combine large, modern optical (e.g., SDSS) and radio (e.g., FIRST) surveys with archival X-ray data from Chandra, XMM-Newton, and ROSAT to generate an optically selected sample that includes 188 RIQs and 603 RLQs. This sample is constructed independently of X-ray properties but has a high X-ray detection rate (85%); it provides broad and dense coverage of the l-z plane, including at high redshifts (22% of objects have z = 2-5), and it extends to high radio-loudness values (33% of objects have R* = 3-5, using logarithmic units). We measure the 'excess' X-ray luminosity of RIQs and RLQs relative to radio-quiet quasars (RQQs) as a function of radio loudness and luminosity, and parameterize the X-ray luminosity of RIQs and RLQs both as a function of optical/UV luminosity and also as a joint function of optical/UV and radio luminosity. RIQs are only modestly X-ray bright relative to RQQs; it is only at high values of radio loudness (R* {approx}> 3.5) and radio luminosity that RLQs become strongly X-ray bright. We find no evidence for evolution in the X-ray properties of RIQs and RLQs with redshift (implying jet-linked IC/CMB emission does not contribute substantially to the nuclear X-ray continuum). Finally, we consider a model in which the nuclear X-ray emission contains both disk/corona-linked and jet-linked components and demonstrate that the X-ray jet-linked emission is likely beamed but to a lesser degree than applies to the radio jet. This model is used to investigate the increasing dominance of jet-linked X-ray emission at low inclinations.

  6. Evidence that the AGN dominates the radio emission in z ˜ 1 radio-quiet quasars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    White, Sarah V.; Jarvis, Matt J.; Kalfountzou, Eleni; Hardcastle, Martin J.; Verma, Aprajita; Cao Orjales, José M.; Stevens, Jason

    2017-06-01

    In order to understand the role of radio-quiet quasars (RQQs) in galaxy evolution, we must determine the relative levels of accretion and star-formation activity within these objects. Previous work at low radio flux densities has shown that accretion makes a significant contribution to the total radio emission, in contrast with other quasar studies that suggest star formation dominates. To investigate, we use 70 RQQs from the Spitzer-Herschel Active Galaxy Survey. These quasars are all at z ˜ 1, thereby minimizing evolutionary effects, and have been selected to span a factor of ˜100 in optical luminosity, so that the luminosity dependence of their properties can be studied. We have imaged the sample using the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (JVLA), whose high sensitivity results in 35 RQQs being detected above 2σ. This radio data set is combined with far-infrared luminosities derived from grey-body fitting to Herschel photometry. By exploiting the far-infrared-radio correlation observed for star-forming galaxies, and comparing two independent estimates of the star-formation rate, we show that star formation alone is not sufficient to explain the total radio emission. Considering RQQs above a 2σ detection level in both the radio and the far-infrared, 92 per cent are accretion dominated, and the accretion process accounts for 80 per cent of the radio luminosity when summed across the objects. The radio emission connected with accretion appears to be correlated with the optical luminosity of the RQQ, whilst a weaker luminosity dependence is evident for the radio emission connected with star formation.

  7. Radio emission of air showers with extremely high energy measured by the Yakutsk Radio Array

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Knurenko, S. P.; Petrov, Z. E.; Petrov, I. S.

    2017-09-01

    The Yakutsk Array is designed to study cosmic rays at energy 1015 -1020 eV . It consists several independent arrays that register charged particles, muons with energy E ≥ 1 GeV , Cherenkov light and radio emission. The paper presents a technical description of the Yakutsk Radio Array and some preliminary results obtained from measurements of radio emission at 30-35 MHz frequency induced by air shower particles with energy ε ≥ 1 ·1017 eV . The data obtained at the Yakutsk array in 1986-1989 (first set of measurements) and 2009-2014 (new set of measurements). Based on the obtained results we determined: Lateral distribution function (LDF) of air showers radio emission with energy ≥1017 eV . Radio emission amplitude empirical connection with air shower energy. Determination of depth of maximum by ratio of amplitude at different distances from the shower axis. For the first time, at the Yakutsk array radio emission from the air shower with energy >1019 eV was registered including the shower with the highest energy ever registered at the Yakutsk array with energy ∼ 2 ·1020 eV .

  8. Spontaneous Radio Frequency Emissions from Natural Aurora. Chapter 4

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    LaBelle, J.

    2009-01-01

    At high latitudes, suitably sensitive radio experiments tuned below 5 MHz detect up to three types of spontaneous radio emissions from the Earth s ionosphere. In recent years, ground-based and rocket-borne experiments have provided strong evidence for theoretical explanations of the generation mechanism of some of these emissions, but others remain unexplained. Achieving a thorough understanding of these ionospheric emissions, accessible to ground-based experiments, will not only bring a deeper understanding of Earth s radio environment and the interactions between waves and particles in the ionosphere but also shed light on similar spontaneous emissions occurring elsewhere in Earth s environment as well as other planetary and stellar atmospheres.

  9. Terrestrial structured radio emissions occurring close to the equatorial regions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boudjada, Mohammed Y.; Galopeau, Patrick H. M.; Sawas, Sami; Berthelier, Jean-Jacques

    2015-04-01

    We study the occurrence of terrestrial radio emissions observed by the electric field experiment (ICE) onboard DEMETER micro-satellite. We principally consider the ICE observations recorded in the HF frequency range between 10 kHz and 3.175 MHz. A dynamic spectrum is recorded each half-orbit with a time and frequency resolutions, respectively, in the order of 3.25 kHz and 2.048 sec. The terrestrial structured radio emission is found to occur when the satellite is approaching the equatorial region of the Earth. It appears as a structured narrow band 'continuum' with a positive or negative low frequency drift rate, less than 1 kHz/s. The bandwidth is, on average, of about 30 kHz. We derive from our investigation the beam and the probable location of the emission source. We discuss the origin of this terrestrial radio emission and its dependence, or not, on the solar and geomagnetic activities.

  10. NUclei of GAlaxies. V. Radio emission in 7 NUGA sources

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krips, M.; Eckart, A.; Krichbaum, T. P.; Pott, J.-U.; Leon, S.; Neri, R.; García-Burillo, S.; Combes, F.; Boone, F.; Baker, A. J.; Tacconi, L. J.; Schinnerer, E.; Hunt, L. K.

    2007-03-01

    We present high angular resolution radio snap-shot observations of seven nearby low-luminosity active galaxies (LLAGN) from the NUclei of GAlaxies (NUGA) survey. The observations were conducted with MERLIN and EVN/VLBI at 18 cm and 6 cm. At all observed angular resolutions and frequencies, we find indications for extended emission in about ~40% of the sources, consistent with the decrease of flux with increasing angular resolution. The extended components resemble jet emission in a majority of cases, consistent with the optically thin synchrotron emission implied by their steep spectra. We consider the compact 6 cm EVN/VLBI radio emission of our sources in the context of the "fundamental plane" that previous LLAGN studies identified within the three-dimensional parameter space of radio luminosity, X-ray luminosity, and black hole mass. We demonstrate, using NGC 7217 and NGC 1068 as particular examples, that high-resolution, multi-epoch radio observations offer useful information about the origin of offsets from the fundamental plane. EVN: The European VLBI Network is a joint facility of European, Chinese, South African and other radio astronomy institutes funded by their national research councils. MERLIN is a national facility operated by the University of Manchester on behalf of PPARC. VLBI including the VLBA: The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc.

  11. Instrumental and observational requirements for space-based imaging of magnetospheric emissions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Robinson, R. M.; Chiu, Y. T.; Catura, R. C.; Collin, H. L.; Garrido, D.; Smith, R.

    1992-01-01

    Simulated images of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) emissions from energetic outflowing ions have been constructed to study techniques for remotely sensing the dynamic behavior of hot plasmas in the near-Earth environment. These calculations include realistic assumptions about the energetic ion outflow from high latitudes and take into account the effects of cold plasmaspheric and ionospheric ions. The energetic ion outflow is determined from a statistical study based on five years of measurements from the Energetic Ion Composition Spectrometer on Dynamics Explorer 1. The simulated images change significantly with viewing geometry and certain spacecraft locations are clearly favorable for observing emissions from energetic ions. For example, for a near equatorial orbit, viewing locations greater than 9 Earth radii are required to observe outflowing ions above the cold plasmaspheric background. We will discuss other important considerations for magnetospheric imaging including the sensitivity requirements of the detector. In particular, we consider the performance of multi-layer optics for EUV wavelengths.

  12. Statistical study of magnetospheric ELF/VLF emissions simultaneously observed at Canada, Finland, and Syowa Station.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yonezu, Y.; Kazuo, S.; Connors, M. G.; Ozaki, M.; Manninen, J. K.; Yamagishi, H.; Okada, M.

    2016-12-01

    We report first simultaneous ground-based observation of magnetospheric whistler-mode wave emissions in ELF/VLF ranges at Canada, Finland and Syowa station. We investigated spatial extent of the emissions by analyzing the data obtained at 3 longitudinally-separated stations in the auroral and subauroral latitudes, i.e., Athabasca (ATH), Canada (54.7N, 113.3W, magnetic latitude (MLAT): 61.3N), Kannuslehto (KAN), Finland (67.7N, 26.3E MLAT: 64.4N) and Syowa Station (SYO), Antarctica (69.0S, 39.6E, MLAT: 70.5S). Simultaneous data at these stations are available for total 48 days during December 10-14, 2012, January 9-19 and January 29-February 5, 2013, and February 26-March 21, 2014. We investigated average AE and Dst indices when ELF/VLF emissions were simultaneously observed. These indices were clearly higher than those when ELF/VLF emissions were observed at only one station. We also found that the absolute value of these indices increases with increasing the MLT separation of simultaneous observations. These results indicate that the longitudinal extent of ELF/VLF emissions increases with increasing geomagnetic activity. We found that simultaneous occurrence rate of the emissions at 2 stations is higher in the dayside sector, indicating that spatial extent of the emissions has MLT dependence. We also categorized ELF/VLF emissions into 2 types, which are chorus/hiss and quasi-periodic (QP) emissions. We found that the occurrence rate of QP emission at subauroral latitudes is higher than that at auroral latitudes.

  13. The Far-Infrared Emission of Radio Loud and Radio Quiet Quasars

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Polletta, M.; Courvoisier, T. J.-L.; Wilkes, B. J.; Hooper, E. J.

    2000-01-01

    Continuum observations at radio, millimeter, infrared and soft X-ray energies are presented for a sample of 22 quasars, consisting of flat and steep spectrum radio loud, radio intermediate and radio quiet objects. The primary observational distinctions, among the different kinds of quasars in the radio and IR energy domains are studied using large observational datasets provided by ISOPHOT on board the Infrared Space Observatory, by the IRAM interferometer, by the sub-millimetre array SCUBA on JCMT, and by the European Southern Observatory (ESO) facilities IRAC1 on the 2.2 m telescope and SEST. The spectral energy distributions of all quasars from radio to IR energies are analyzed and modeled with non-thermal and thermal spectral components. The dominant mechanism emitting in the far/mid-IR is thermal dust emission in all quasars, with the exception of flat spectrum radio loud quasars for which the presence of thermal IR emission remains rather uncertain, since it is difficult to separate it from the bright non-thermal component. The dust is predominantly heated by the optical/ultraviolet radiation emitted from the external components of the AGN. A starburst contributes to the IR emission at different levels, but always less than the AGN (<= 27%). The distribution of temperatures, sizes, masses, and luminosities of the emitting dust are independent of the quasar type.

  14. The Far-Infrared Emission of Radio Loud and Radio Quiet Quasars

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Polletta, M.; Courvoisier, T. J.-L.; Wilkes, B. J.; Hooper, E. J.

    2000-01-01

    Continuum observations at radio, millimeter, infrared and soft X-ray energies are presented for a sample of 22 quasars, consisting of flat and steep spectrum radio loud, radio intermediate and radio quiet objects. The primary observational distinctions, among the different kinds of quasars in the radio and IR energy domains are studied using large observational datasets provided by ISOPHOT on board the Infrared Space Observatory, by the IRAM interferometer, by the sub-millimetre array SCUBA on JCMT, and by the European Southern Observatory (ESO) facilities IRAC1 on the 2.2 m telescope and SEST. The spectral energy distributions of all quasars from radio to IR energies are analyzed and modeled with non-thermal and thermal spectral components. The dominant mechanism emitting in the far/mid-IR is thermal dust emission in all quasars, with the exception of flat spectrum radio loud quasars for which the presence of thermal IR emission remains rather uncertain, since it is difficult to separate it from the bright non-thermal component. The dust is predominantly heated by the optical/ultraviolet radiation emitted from the external components of the AGN. A starburst contributes to the IR emission at different levels, but always less than the AGN (<= 27%). The distribution of temperatures, sizes, masses, and luminosities of the emitting dust are independent of the quasar type.

  15. Coronal and interplanetary Type 2 radio emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cane, H. V.

    1987-09-01

    Several observations suggest that the disturbances which generate coronal (meter wavelength) type II radio bursts are not driven by coronal mass ejections (CMEs). A new analysis using a large sample of metric radio bursts and associated soft X-ray events provides further support for the original hypothesis that type II-producing disturbances are blast waves generated at the time of impulsive energy release in flares. Interplanetary (IP) shocks, however, are closely associated with CMEs. The shocks responsible for IP type II events (observed at kilometer wavelengths) are associated with the most energetic CMEs.

  16. Double features in mean pulsar profiles and the nature of their radio emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Melikidze, George I.; Gil, Janusz

    In the talk presented at this Workshop by J.Dyks, the author claimed that the long-sought Rosetta Stone needed to decipher the nature of pulsar radio emission has been finally identified as the double features in averaged pulsar profiles. The author argued that highly symmetric bifurcated features are produced by a split-fan beams of extraordinary-mode curvature radiation emitted by thin microscopic streams of magnetospheric plasma conducted by a very narrow bundle of magnetic field lines. We examined arguments leading to these intriguing conclusions and found a number of flaws. At least one of them is fatal, namely there is not enough available energy within such thin microscopic plasma streams.

  17. VLA Detects Unexplained Radio Emission From Three Brown Dwarfs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2005-01-01

    Astronomers have discovered three brown dwarfs -- enigmatic objects that are neither stars nor planets -- emitting radio waves that scientists cannot explain. The three newly-discovered radio-emitting brown dwarfs were found as part of a systematic study of nearby brown dwarfs using the National Science Foundation's Very Large Array (VLA) radio telescope. The VLA The Very Large Array CREDIT: NRAO/AUI/NSF (Click on image for VLA gallery) Until 2001, scientists believed that brown dwarfs, which are intermediate in mass between stars and planets, could not emit detectable amounts of radio waves. That year, summer students at the VLA made the first discovery of radio emission from a brown dwarf. Subsequently, as many as a half- dozen more radio-emitting brown dwarfs were discovered. "It clearly had become time to make a systematic study and try to find out just what percentage of brown dwarfs are emitting radio waves," said Rachel Osten, an astronomer at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) in Charlottesville, Virginia. Osten was assisted in the project in the summer of 2004 by Lynnae Quick, a student at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University; Tim Bastian, also an astronomer at NRAO; and Suzanne Hawley, an astronomer at the University of Washington. The research team presented their results to the American Astronomical Society's meeting in San Diego, CA. The three new detections of radio-emitting brown dwarfs are just the first results from the systematic study, which aims to observe all the known brown dwarfs within about 45 light-years of Earth. "We want to be able to say definitively just how common radio emission is among brown dwarfs," Osten explained. The study involves observing 65 individual brown dwarfs, so these new detections represent just the beginning of the results expected from the study. Brown dwarfs are too big to be planets but too small to be true stars, as they have too little mass to trigger hydrogen fusion reactions

  18. Radio emission of the sun at millimeter wavelengths

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagnibeda, V. G.; Piotrovich, V. V.

    This review article deals with the radio emission originating from different solar atmospheric regions - the quiet solar atmosphere, active regions and solar flares. All experimental data of the quiet Sun brightness temperature at the region of 0.1 - 20 mm wavelength are summarized. The quiet Sun brightness distributions across the disk and values of the solar radio radius are reviewed. The properties of the sources of sunspot-associated active region emission and radio brightness depression associated with Hα-filaments are considered in comparison with observations at centimetre and optical domains. The observational properties of millimetre wave bursts and their correlations with similar phenomena at other domains are reviewed. Special reference is devoted to nearly 100% correlation impulsive radio bursts with hard X-ray bursts. Existence of the fine temporal structure containing many spikes with time scales up to 10 ms as well as observations of quasi-periodic millisecond oscillations are discussed.

  19. How Expanded Ionospheres of Hot Jupiters Can Prevent Escape of Radio Emission Generated by the Cyclotron Maser Instability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weber, Christof; Lammer, Helmut; Shaikhislamov, Ildar F.; Erkaev, Nikolai; Chadney, Joshua M.; Khodachenko, Maxim L.; Grießmeier, Jean-Mathias; Rucker, Helmut O.; Vocks, Christian; Macher, Wolfgang; Odert, Petra; Kislyakova, Kristina G.

    2017-04-01

    We present a study of the plasma conditions in the atmospheres of the Hot Jupiters HD 209458b and HD 189733b and for an HD 209458b-like planet at orbit locations between 0.2-1 AU around a Sun-like star. We discuss how these conditions influence the radio emission we expect from their planetary magnetospheres. We find that the environmental conditions for the cyclotron maser instability (CMI), the process which is responsible for the generation of radio waves at magnetic planets in the solar system, most likely will not operate at Hot Jupiters. The reason for that is that hydrodynamically expanding atmospheres possess extended ionospheres whose plasma densities within the magnetosphere are so large that the plasma frequency is much higher than the cyclotron frequency, which contradicts the necessary condition for the production of radio emission and prevents the escape of radio waves from close-in extrasolar planets at distances <0.05 AU from a Sun-like host star. The upper atmosphere structure of Hot Jupiters around stars similar to the Sun changes between 0.2 and 0.5 AU from the hydrodynamic to a hydrostatic regime and this results in conditions similar to solar system planets with a region of depleted plasma between the exobase and the magnetopause where the plasma frequency can be lower than the cyclotron frequency. In such an environment a beam of highly energetic electrons accelerated along the field lines towards the planet can produce radio emission. However, even if the CMI could operate the extended ionospheres of Hot Jupiters are too dense to let the radio emission escape from the planets. We also investigate the possible radio emission of the Hot Jupiter Tau Bootis b by placing it at different orbital distances from the host star, i.e. 0.1 and 0.2 AU. In particular we check if the atmosphere of Tau Bootis b at 0.046 AU is in the hydrostatic or in the hydrodynamic regime. If it is in the hydrodynamic regime it's ionosphere is extended and will constitute

  20. Voyager detection of nonthermal radio emission from Saturn

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kaiser, M. L.; Desch, M. D.; Warwick, J. W.; Pearce, J. B.

    1980-01-01

    The planetary radio astronomy experiment on board the Voyager spacecraft has detected bursts of nonthermal radio noise from Saturn occurring near 200 kilohertz, with a peak flux density comparable to higher frequency Jovian emissions. The radiation is right-hand polarized and is most likely emitted in the extraordinary magnetoionic mode from Saturn's northern hemisphere. Modulation that is consistent with a planetary rotation period of 10 hours 39.9 minutes is apparent in the data.

  1. Radio emission from rapidly-rotating cool giant stars

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Drake, Stephen A.; Walter, Frederick M.; Florkowski, David R.

    1990-01-01

    The results of a VLA program are reported to examine the radio continuum emission from 11 rapidly-rotating cool giant stars, all of which were originally believed to be single stars. Six of the 11 stars were detected as radio sources, including FK Com and HR 9024, for which there exist multifrequency observations. HD 199178, UZ Lib (now known to be a binary system), and HD 82558, for which there is only 6-cm data. The radio properties of these stars are compared with those of the active, rapidly rotating evolved stars found in the RS CVn binary systems.

  2. Observations of the Solar Continuum Radio Emission at Decameter Wavelengths

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brazhenko, Anatoliy I.; Mel'Nik, Valentin N.; Konovalenko, Alexander A.; Abranin, Edward P.; Dorovskyy, Vladimir V.; Vashchishin, Rostislav V.; Frantzusenko, Anatoly V.; Rucker, Helmut O.

    2010-01-01

    Results of study of the continuum radio emission of the Sun in the decameter range are presented. Observations were carried out with radio telescope URAN-2 in summer months in 2008-2009. Radio fluxes at frequencies 20 MHz and 25 MHz in frequency band 250 kHz were obtained during the time, when there were no active regions on the solar disk. Their average values for two years were 670 Jy and 850 Jy at frequencies 20 MHz and 25 MHz correspondingly. These fluxes are in agreement with high frequency values.

  3. Satellite emission radio interferometric earth surveying series - GPS geodetic system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Macdoran, P. F.

    1979-01-01

    A concept called SERIES (satellite emissions radio interferometric earth surveying) which makes use of GPS (global positioning system) radio transmissions without any satellite modifications, is described. Through the use of very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) and its calibration methods, 0.5 to 3 cm three dimensional baseline accuracy can be achieved over distances of 2 to 200 km respectively, with only 2 hours of on-site data acquisition. Attention is given to such areas as: the radio flux equivalent of GPS transmissions, synthesized delay precision, transmission and frequency subsystem requirements, tropospheric and ionospheric errors. Applications covered include geodesy and seismic tectonics.

  4. A model for radio emission from solar coronal shocks

    SciTech Connect

    Zhao, G. Q.; Chen, L.; Wu, D. J.

    2014-05-01

    Solar coronal shocks are very common phenomena in the solar atmosphere and are believed to be the drivers of solar type II radio bursts. However, the microphysical nature of these emissions is still an open question. This paper proposes that electron cyclotron maser (ECM) emission is responsible for the generation of radiation from the coronal shocks. In the present model, an energetic ion beam accelerated by the shock first excites the Alfvén wave (AW), then the excited AW leads to the formation of a density-depleted duct along the foreshock boundary of the shock. In this density-depleted duct, the energetic electron beam produced via the shock acceleration can effectively excite radio emission by ECM instability. Our results show that this model may potentially be applied to solar type II radio bursts.

  5. Analysis of Uranian radio emissions, Uranus Data Analysis Program (UDAP)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Calvert, W.

    1991-01-01

    Progress under this grant has included identifying certain new radio emission components and determining the source location of both these and the two major Uranian radio emission (the SHF and bursty components) by a unique new statistical minimization technique. This new source location technique has subsequently also been applied at Neptune, with considerable success. New radio spectrograms have been prepared to clarify the behavior of such emissions, using both the usual 48-second, log-averaged data and the original 6-second PRA data, the latter showing a number of interesting new features. Also, a plasmasphere was discovered at Uranus, auroral plasma cavities were discovered at both Uranus and Neptune, and it was found that the currently-accepted rotation period for Uranus is in error by a small amount.

  6. Probing the radio emission from air showers with polarization measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aab, A.; Abreu, P.; Aglietta, M.; Ahlers, M.; Ahn, E. J.; Albuquerque, I. F. M.; Allekotte, I.; Allen, J.; Allison, P.; Almela, A.; Alvarez Castillo, J.; Alvarez-Muñiz, J.; Alves Batista, R.; Ambrosio, M.; Aminaei, A.; Anchordoqui, L.; Andringa, S.; Antičić, T.; Aramo, C.; Arqueros, F.; Asorey, H.; Assis, P.; Aublin, J.; Ave, M.; Avenier, M.; Avila, G.; Badescu, A. M.; Barber, K. B.; Bardenet, R.; Bäuml, J.; Baus, C.; Beatty, J. J.; Becker, K. H.; Bellido, J. A.; BenZvi, S.; Berat, C.; Bertou, X.; Biermann, P. L.; Billoir, P.; Blanco, F.; Blanco, M.; Bleve, C.; Blümer, H.; Boháčová, M.; Boncioli, D.; Bonifazi, C.; Bonino, R.; Borodai, N.; Brack, J.; Brancus, I.; Brogueira, P.; Brown, W. C.; Buchholz, P.; Bueno, A.; Buscemi, M.; Caballero-Mora, K. S.; Caccianiga, B.; Caccianiga, L.; Candusso, M.; Caramete, L.; Caruso, R.; Castellina, A.; Cataldi, G.; Cazon, L.; Cester, R.; Cheng, S. H.; Chiavassa, A.; Chinellato, J. A.; Chudoba, J.; Cilmo, M.; Clay, R. W.; Cocciolo, G.; Colalillo, R.; Collica, L.; Coluccia, M. R.; Conceição, R.; Contreras, F.; Cooper, M. J.; Coutu, S.; Covault, C. E.; Criss, A.; Cronin, J.; Curutiu, A.; Dallier, R.; Daniel, B.; Dasso, S.; Daumiller, K.; Dawson, B. R.; de Almeida, R. M.; De Domenico, M.; de Jong, S. J.; De La Vega, G.; de Mello Junior, W. J. M.; de Mello Neto, J. R. T.; De Mitri, I.; de Souza, V.; de Vries, K. D.; del Peral, L.; Deligny, O.; Dembinski, H.; Dhital, N.; Di Giulio, C.; Di Matteo, A.; Diaz, J. C.; Díaz Castro, M. L.; Diep, P. N.; Diogo, F.; Dobrigkeit, C.; Docters, W.; D'Olivo, J. C.; Dong, P. N.; Dorofeev, A.; dos Anjos, J. C.; Dova, M. T.; Ebr, J.; Engel, R.; Erdmann, M.; Escobar, C. O.; Espadanal, J.; Etchegoyen, A.; Facal San Luis, P.; Falcke, H.; Fang, K.; Farrar, G.; Fauth, A. C.; Fazzini, N.; Ferguson, A. P.; Fick, B.; Figueira, J. M.; Filevich, A.; Filipčič, A.; Foerster, N.; Fox, B. D.; Fracchiolla, C. E.; Fraenkel, E. D.; Fratu, O.; Fröhlich, U.; Fuchs, B.; Gaior, R.; Gamarra, R. F.; Gambetta, S.; García, B.; Garcia Roca, S. T.; Garcia-Gamez, D.; Garcia-Pinto, D.; Garilli, G.; Gascon Bravo, A.; Gemmeke, H.; Ghia, P. L.; Giammarchi, M.; Giller, M.; Gitto, J.; Glaser, C.; Glass, H.; Gomez Albarracin, F.; Gómez Berisso, M.; Gómez Vitale, P. F.; Gonçalves, P.; Gonzalez, J. G.; Gookin, B.; Gorgi, A.; Gorham, P.; Gouffon, P.; Grebe, S.; Griffith, N.; Grillo, A. F.; Grubb, T. D.; Guardincerri, Y.; Guarino, F.; Guedes, G. P.; Hansen, P.; Harari, D.; Harrison, T. A.; Harton, J. L.; Haungs, A.; Hebbeker, T.; Heck, D.; Herve, A. E.; Hill, G. C.; Hojvat, C.; Hollon, N.; Holt, E.; Homola, P.; Hörandel, J. R.; Horvath, P.; Hrabovský, M.; Huber, D.; Huege, T.; Insolia, A.; Isar, P. G.; Jansen, S.; Jarne, C.; Josebachuili, M.; Kadija, K.; Kambeitz, O.; Kampert, K. H.; Karhan, P.; Kasper, P.; Katkov, I.; Kégl, B.; Keilhauer, B.; Keivani, A.; Kemp, E.; Kieckhafer, R. M.; Klages, H. O.; Kleifges, M.; Kleinfeller, J.; Knapp, J.; Krause, R.; Krohm, N.; Krömer, O.; Kruppke-Hansen, D.; Kuempel, D.; Kunka, N.; La Rosa, G.; LaHurd, D.; Latronico, L.; Lauer, R.; Lauscher, M.; Lautridou, P.; Le Coz, S.; Leão, M. S. A. B.; Lebrun, D.; Lebrun, P.; Leigui de Oliveira, M. A.; Letessier-Selvon, A.; Lhenry-Yvon, I.; Link, K.; López, R.; Lopez Agüera, A.; Louedec, K.; Lozano Bahilo, J.; Lu, L.; Lucero, A.; Ludwig, M.; Lyberis, H.; Maccarone, M. C.; Malacari, M.; Maldera, S.; Maller, J.; Mandat, D.; Mantsch, P.; Mariazzi, A. G.; Marin, V.; Mariş, I. C.; Marquez Falcon, H. R.; Marsella, G.; Martello, D.; Martin, L.; Martinez, H.; Martínez Bravo, O.; Martraire, D.; Masías Meza, J. J.; Mathes, H. J.; Matthews, J.; Matthews, J. A. J.; Matthiae, G.; Maurel, D.; Maurizio, D.; Mayotte, E.; Mazur, P. O.; Medina, C.; Medina-Tanco, G.; Melissas, M.; Melo, D.; Menichetti, E.; Menshikov, A.; Messina, S.; Meyhandan, R.; Mićanović, S.; Micheletti, M. I.; Middendorf, L.; Minaya, I. A.; Miramonti, L.; Mitrica, B.; Molina-Bueno, L.; Mollerach, S.; Monasor, M.; Monnier Ragaigne, D.; Montanet, F.; Morales, B.; Morello, C.; Moreno, J. C.; Mostafá, M.; Moura, C. A.; Muller, M. A.; Müller, G.; Münchmeyer, M.; Mussa, R.; Navarra, G.; Navarro, J. L.; Navas, S.; Necesal, P.; Nellen, L.; Nelles, A.; Neuser, J.; Nhung, P. T.; Niechciol, M.; Niemietz, L.; Niggemann, T.; Nitz, D.; Nosek, D.; Nožka, L.; Oehlschläger, J.; Olinto, A.; Oliveira, M.; Ortiz, M.; Pacheco, N.; Pakk Selmi-Dei, D.; Palatka, M.; Pallotta, J.; Palmieri, N.; Parente, G.; Parra, A.; Pastor, S.; Paul, T.; Pech, M.; PeÂķala, J.; Pelayo, R.; Pepe, I. M.; Perrone, L.; Pesce, R.; Petermann, E.; Petrera, S.; Petrolini, A.; Petrov, Y.; Piegaia, R.; Pierog, T.; Pieroni, P.; Pimenta, M.; Pirronello, V.; Platino, M.; Plum, M.; Pontz, M.; Porcelli, A.; Preda, T.; Privitera, P.; Prouza, M.; Quel, E. J.; Querchfeld, S.; Quinn, S.; Rautenberg, J.; Ravel, O.; Ravignani, D.; Revenu, B.; Ridky, J.; Riggi, S.; Risse, M.; Ristori, P.; Rivera, H.; Rizi, V.; Roberts, J.; Rodrigues de Carvalho, W.; Rodriguez Cabo, I.; Rodriguez Fernandez, G.; Rodriguez Martino, J.; Rodriguez Rojo, J.; Rodríguez-Frías, M. D.; Ros, G.; Rosado, J.; Rossler, T.; Roth, M.; Rouillé-d'Orfeuil, B.; Roulet, E.; Rovero, A. C.; Rühle, C.; Saffi, S. J.; Saftoiu, A.; Salamida, F.; Salazar, H.; Salesa Greus, F.; Salina, G.; Sánchez, F.; Sanchez-Lucas, P.; Santo, C. E.; Santos, E.; Santos, E. M.; Sarazin, F.; Sarkar, B.; Sarmento, R.; Sato, R.; Scharf, N.; Scherini, V.; Schieler, H.; Schiffer, P.; Schmidt, A.; Scholten, O.; Schoorlemmer, H.; Schovánek, P.; Schröder, F. G.; Schulz, A.; Schulz, J.; Sciutto, S. J.; Scuderi, M.; Segreto, A.; Settimo, M.; Shadkam, A.; Shellard, R. C.; Sidelnik, I.; Sigl, G.; Sima, O.; Śmiałkowski, A.; Šmída, R.; Snow, G. R.; Sommers, P.; Sorokin, J.; Spinka, H.; Squartini, R.; Srivastava, Y. N.; Stanič, S.; Stapleton, J.; Stasielak, J.; Stephan, M.; Straub, M.; Stutz, A.; Suarez, F.; Suomijärvi, T.; Supanitsky, A. D.; Šuša, T.; Sutherland, M. S.; Swain, J.; Szadkowski, Z.; Szuba, M.; Tapia, A.; Tartare, M.; Taşcǎu, O.; Thao, N. T.; Tiffenberg, J.; Timmermans, C.; Tkaczyk, W.; Todero Peixoto, C. J.; Toma, G.; Tomankova, L.; Tomé, B.; Tonachini, A.; Torralba Elipe, G.; Torres Machado, D.; Travnicek, P.; Tridapalli, D. B.; Trovato, E.; Tueros, M.; Ulrich, R.; Unger, M.; Valdés Galicia, J. F.; Valiño, I.; Valore, L.; van Aar, G.; van den Berg, A. M.; van Velzen, S.; van Vliet, A.; Varela, E.; Vargas Cárdenas, B.; Varner, G.; Vázquez, J. R.; Vázquez, R. A.; Veberič, D.; Verzi, V.; Vicha, J.; Videla, M.; Villaseñor, L.; Wahlberg, H.; Wahrlich, P.; Wainberg, O.; Walz, D.; Watson, A. A.; Weber, M.; Weidenhaupt, K.; Weindl, A.; Werner, F.; Westerhoff, S.; Whelan, B. J.; Widom, A.; Wieczorek, G.; Wiencke, L.; Wilczyńska, B.; Wilczyński, H.; Will, M.; Williams, C.; Winchen, T.; Wundheiler, B.; Wykes, S.; Yamamoto, T.; Yapici, T.; Younk, P.; Yuan, G.; Yushkov, A.; Zamorano, B.; Zas, E.; Zavrtanik, D.; Zavrtanik, M.; Zaw, I.; Zepeda, A.; Zhou, J.; Zhu, Y.; Zimbres Silva, M.; Ziolkowski, M.; Pierre Auger Collaboration

    2014-03-01

    The emission of radio waves from air showers has been attributed to the so-called geomagnetic emission process. At frequencies around 50 MHz this process leads to coherent radiation which can be observed with rather simple setups. The direction of the electric field induced by this emission process depends only on the local magnetic field vector and on the incoming direction of the air shower. We report on measurements of the electric field vector where, in addition to this geomagnetic component, another component has been observed that cannot be described by the geomagnetic emission process. The data provide strong evidence that the other electric field component is polarized radially with respect to the shower axis, in agreement with predictions made by Askaryan who described radio emission from particle showers due to a negative charge excess in the front of the shower. Our results are compared to calculations which include the radiation mechanism induced by this charge-excess process.

  7. First detection of radio emission from a dwarf nova

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Benz, A. O.; Fuerst, E.; Kiplinger, A. L.

    1983-01-01

    The detection of 4.75 GHz radio emissions from a white dwarf star in SU UMa is reported, and the source of the emission is discussed. The emission was discovered during a survey of six dwarf stars with a double horn receiver system. SU UMa was successfully scanned 123 times, with each scan comprising 31 3-sec integrations 30 arcsec apart. Average fluxes for each beam position were calculated, as was the X ray emission of 7.6 x 10 to the 54th/cu cm in the 0.1-4.5 keV band. The small mass outflow projected for the object indicates a source of suprathermal electrons for the radio emissions A cyclotron maser instability is suggested as the mechanism, and future measurements to detect circular polarization as proof of a coherent source are indicated.

  8. STEADY AND TRANSIENT RADIO EMISSION FROM ULTRACOOL DWARFS

    SciTech Connect

    Osten, Rachel A.; Phan-Bao, N.; Hawley, Suzanne L.; Reid, I. Neill; Ojha, Roopesh E-mail: pbngoc@asiaa.sinica.edu.tw E-mail: inr@stsci.edu

    2009-08-01

    We present the results of multi-frequency radio observing campaigns designed to elucidate the nature of radio emission from very low mass stars. We detect radio emission in an additional two epochs of the ultracool dwarf binary LP 349-25, finding that the observed emission is broad band and steady on timescales between 10 s and 10.7 hr, as well as on timescales of 0.6 and 1.6 years. This system is unusual for ultracool dwarfs with detectable radio emission, in exhibiting a lack of any large-scale variability, particularly the bursting (periodic or aperiodic) behavior exhibited by the other objects with detectable levels of radio emission. We explore the constraints that the lack of variability on long- and short-timescales, and flat spectral index, imply about the radio-emitting structures and mechanism. The temporal constraints argue for a high latitude emitting region with a large inclination so that it is always in view, and survives for at least 0.6 years. Temporal constraints also limit the plasma conditions, implying that the electron density be n{sub e} < 4 x 10{sup 5} cm{sup -3} and B< 130 G in order not to see time variations due to collisional or radiative losses from high-energy particles. The observations and constraints provided by them are most compatible with a nonthermal radio emission mechanism, likely gyrosynchrotron emission from a spatially homogeneous or inhomogeneous source. This indicates that, similar to behaviors noted for chromospheric, transition region, and coronal plasmas in ultracool dwarfs, the magnetic activity patterns observed in active higher mass stars can survive to the substellar boundary. We also present new epochs of multi-frequency radio observations for the ultracool dwarfs 2MASS 05233822-140322 and 2MASS14563831-2809473(=LHS 3003); each has been detected in at least one previous epoch but are not detected in the epochs reported here. The results here suggest that magnetic configurations in ultracool dwarfs can be long

  9. 3D modelling of stellar auroral radio emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leto, P.; Trigilio, C.; Buemi, C. S.; Umana, G.; Ingallinera, A.; Cerrigone, L.

    2016-06-01

    The electron cyclotron maser is the coherent emission process that gives rise to the radio lighthouse effect observed in the hot magnetic chemically peculiar star CU Virginis. It has also been proposed to explain the highly circularly polarized radio pulses observed in some ultracool dwarfs with spectral type earlier than M7. Coherent events of this kind resemble auroral radio emission from the magnetized planets of the Solar system. In this article, we present a three-dimensional model able to simulate the timing and profile of the pulses emitted by those stars characterized by a dipolar magnetic field by following the hypothesis of the laminar source model, used to explain the beaming of terrestrial auroral kilometric radiation. This model proves to be a powerful tool with which to understand the auroral radio emission phenomenon, allowing us to derive some general conclusions about the effects of the model's free parameters on the features of coherent pulses and to learn more about the detectability of such pulsed radio emission.

  10. Compositional Impact of Io Volcanic Emissions on Jupiter's Magnetosphere and the Icy Galilean Moons

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cooper, John; Fegley, Bruce; Lipatov, Alexander; Richardson, John; Sittler, Edward

    2011-01-01

    measured throughout the jovian magnetosphere and in the local moon environments can act as tracers if we know from direct measurements and models the distributions at the mostly likely sources, i.e. at IO. However, our knowledge of these abundances are very limited from earlier in-situ and remote measurements, mainly confined to major (S, O) and some minor (Na, K, Cl) species with abundances at or above a few percent relative to O. Future in-situ plasma measurements by the planned Jupiter Europa Orbiter and Jupiter Ganymede Orbiter missions should extend the abundance coverage to minor and even trace elemental species. For Europa astrobiological investigations it is also important to specify iogenic inputs and surface processing of isotopic species. We discuss the range of abundance distributions arising from models for IO hot volcanic emissions, and from the subsequent dynamics of ion injection, magnetospheric transport, and icy moon surface bombardment.

  11. Detection of exomoons through observation of radio emissions

    SciTech Connect

    Noyola, J. P.; Satyal, S.; Musielak, Z. E. E-mail: ssatyal@uta.edu

    2014-08-10

    In the Jupiter-Io system, the moon's motion produces currents along the field lines that connect it to Jupiter's polar regions. The currents generate and modulate radio emissions along their paths via the electron-cyclotron maser instability. Based on this process, we suggest that such modulation of planetary radio emissions may reveal the presence of exomoons around giant planets in exoplanetary systems. A model explaining the modulation mechanism in the Jupiter-Io system is extrapolated and used to define criteria for exomoon detectability. A cautiously optimistic scenario of the possible detection of such exomoons around Epsilon Eridani b and Gliese 876 b is provided.

  12. Kiloparsec-scale radio emission in Seyfert and LINER galaxies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Veeresh; Ishwara-Chandra, C. H.; Wadadekar, Yogesh; Beelen, Alexandre; Kharb, Preeti

    2015-01-01

    Seyfert and LINER galaxies are known to exhibit compact radio emission on ˜10-100 pc scales, but larger Kiloparsec-Scale Radio structures (KSRs) often remain undetected in sub-arcsec high-resolution observations. We investigate the prevalence and nature of KSRs in Seyfert and LINER galaxies using the 1.4 GHz VLA FIRST and NVSS observations. Our sample consists of 2651 sources detected in FIRST and of these 1737 sources also have NVSS counterparts. Considering the ratio of total to peak flux density (θ = (Sint/Speak)1/2) as a parameter to infer the presence of extended radio emission we show that ≥30 per cent of FIRST-detected sources possess extended radio structures on scales larger than 1.0 kpc. The use of low-resolution NVSS observations help us to recover faint extended KSRs that are resolved out in FIRST observations and results in ≥42.5 per cent KSR sources in FIRST-NVSS sub-sample. This fraction is only a lower limit owing to the combination of projection, resolution and sensitivity effects. Our study demonstrates that KSRs may be more common than previously thought and are found across all redshifts, luminosities and radio loudness. The extranuclear radio luminosity of KSR sources is found to be positively correlated with the core radio luminosity as well as the [O III] λ5007 Å line luminosity and this can be interpreted as KSRs being powered by AGN rather than star formation. The distributions of the FIR-to-radio ratios and mid-IR colours of KSR sources are also consistent with their AGN origin. However, contribution from star formation cannot be ruled out particularly in sources with low radio luminosities.

  13. Radio Emissions from Plasma with Electron Kappa-Distributions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fleishman, G. D.; Kuznetsov, A. A.

    2015-12-01

    Gregory Fleishman (New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, USA)Alexey Kuznetsov (Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Irkutsk, Russia), Currently there is a concern about the ability of the classical thermal (Maxwellian) distribution to describe quasisteady-state plasma in the solar atmosphere, including active regions. In particular, other distributions have been proposed to better fit observations, for example, kappa-distributions. If present, these distributions will generate radio emissions with different observable properties compared with the classical gyroresonance (GR) or free-free emission, which implies a way of remotely detecting these kappa distributions in the radio observations. Here we present analytically derived GR and free-free emissivities and absorption coefficients for the kappa-distribution, and discuss their properties, which are in fact remarkably different from the classical Maxwellian plasma. In particular, the radio brightness temperature from a gyrolayer increases with the optical depth τ for kappa-distribution. This property has a remarkable consequence allowing a straightforward observational test: the GR radio emission from the non-Maxwellian distributions is supposed to be noticeably polarized even in the optically thick case, where the emission would have strictly zero polarization in the case of Maxwellian plasma. This offers a way of remote probing the plasma distribution in astrophysical sources, including solar active regions as a vivid example. In this report, we present analytical formulae and computer codes to calculate the emission parameters. We simulate the gyroresonance emission under the conditions typical of the solar active regions and compare the results for different electron distributions. We discuss the implications of our findings for interpretation of radio observations. This work was supported in part by NSF grants AGS-1250374 and AGS-1262772, NASA grant NNX14AC87G to New Jersey Institute of Technology

  14. Particle acceleration and radio emission for SGRs/AXPs as white dwarf pulsars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lobato, R. V.; Coelho, Jaziel; Malheiro, M.

    2015-07-01

    Recently, an alternative model based on white dwarfs pulsars has been proposed to explain a class of pulsars known as Soft Gamma Repeaters (SGR) and Anomalus X-Ray Pulsars (AXP) [6][4], usually named as magnetars. In this model the magnetized white dwarfs can have surface magnetic field B ∼ 107 — 1010G and rotate very fast with frequencies ω ∼ 1 rad/s, allowing them to produce large electromagnetic (EM) potentials and generate electron-positron pairs. These EM potentials are comparable with the ones of neutron stars pulsars with strong magnetic fields. In our study we consider two possible processes associated with the particle acceleration: in one we have the pair production near to the star polar caps i.e., inside the light cylinder where magnetic-field lines are closed, on the other the creation of pair is in the Outer Magnetosphere i.e., far away of the star surface where magnetic field are open [1]. This analysis of the possibility of radio emission was done for all the 23 SGRs/AXPs of the McGill Online Magnetar Catalog [7] that contains the current information available on these sources. Our work is a first attempted to find an explanation for the puzzle why for all the SGRs/AXPs was expected radio emission, but it was observed in only four of them.

  15. On the conditions for nonlinear growth in magnetospheric chorus and triggered emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gołkowski, Mark; Gibby, Andrew R.

    2017-09-01

    The nonlinear whistler mode instability associated with magnetospheric chorus and VLF triggered emissions continues to be poorly understood. Following up on formulations of other authors, an analytical exploration of the stability of the phenomenon from a new vantage point is given. This exploration derives an additional requirement on the anisotropy of the energetic electron distribution relative to the linear treatment of the instability, and shows that the nonlinear instability is most favorable to increasing growth rate when electrons become initially trapped in the wave potential of a constant frequency wave. These results imply that the initiation of the nonlinear instability at the equator requires a positive frequency sweep rate, while the initiation of the instability by a constant frequency triggering wave must occur at a location downstream of the geomagnetic equator.

  16. Detection of radio emission from the gamma-ray pulsar J1732-3131 at 327 MHz

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maan, Yogesh; Krishnakumar, M. A.; Naidu, Arun K.; Roy, Subhashis; Joshi, Bhal Chandra; Kerr, Matthew; Manoharan, P. K.

    2017-10-01

    Although originally discovered as a radio-quiet gamma-ray pulsar, J1732-3131 has exhibited intriguing detections at decameter wavelengths. We report an extensive follow-up of the pulsar at 327 MHz with the Ooty radio telescope. Using the previously observed radio characteristics, and with an effective integration time of 60 h, we present a detection of the pulsar at a confidence level of 99.82 per cent. The 327 MHz mean flux density is estimated to be 0.5-0.8 mJy, which establishes the pulsar to be a steep spectrum source and one of the least luminous pulsars known to date. We also phase-aligned the radio and gamma-ray profiles of the pulsar, and measured the phase-offset between the main peaks in the two profiles to be 0.24 ± 0.06. We discuss the observed phase-offset in the context of various trends exhibited by the radio-loud gamma-ray pulsar population, and suggest that the gamma-ray emission from J1732-3131 is best explained by outer magnetosphere models. Details of our analysis leading to the pulsar detection, and measurements of various parameters and their implications relevant to the pulsar's emission mechanism are presented.

  17. Mean and extreme radio properties of quasars and the origin of radio emission

    SciTech Connect

    Kratzer, Rachael M.; Richards, Gordon T.

    2015-02-01

    We investigate the evolution of both the radio-loud fraction (RLF) and (using stacking analysis) the mean radio loudness of quasars. We consider how these properties evolve as a function of redshift and luminosity, black hole (BH) mass and accretion rate, and parameters related to the dominance of a wind in the broad emission-line region. We match the FIRST source catalog to samples of luminous quasars (both spectroscopic and photometric), primarily from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. After accounting for catastrophic errors in BH mass estimates at high redshift, we find that both the RLF and the mean radio luminosity increase for increasing BH mass and decreasing accretion rate. Similarly, both the RLF and mean radio loudness increase for quasars that are argued to have weaker radiation line driven wind components of the broad emission-line region. In agreement with past work, we find that the RLF increases with increasing optical/UV luminosity and decreasing redshift, while the mean radio loudness evolves in the exact opposite manner. This difference in behavior between the mean radio loudness and the RLF in L−z may indicate selection effects that bias our understanding of the evolution of the RLF; deeper surveys in the optical and radio are needed to resolve this discrepancy. Finally, we argue that radio-loud (RL) and radio-quiet (RQ) quasars may be parallel sequences, but where only RQ quasars at one extreme of the distribution are likely to become RL, possibly through slight differences in spin and/or merger history.

  18. E.l.f./v.l.f. emissions observed on Ariel 4. [wave-particle phenomena in magnetosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bullough, K.; Denby, M.; Gibbons, W.; Hughes, A. R. W.; Kaiser, T. R.; Tatnall, A. R. L.

    1975-01-01

    The Ariel 4 satellite was designed to study wave-particle phenomena in the magnetosphere by measuring the electromagnetic wave fields over a wide frequency range and the fluxes and pitch angle distributions of energetic particles. We describe here the results of a preliminary study of the various v.l.f./e.l.f. electromagnetic wave phenomena which are observed. These include man-made signals from v.l.f. transmitters, impulsive noise originating in thunderstorms and emissions arising from magnetospheric energetic charged particles.

  19. E.l.f./v.l.f. emissions observed on Ariel 4. [wave-particle phenomena in magnetosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bullough, K.; Denby, M.; Gibbons, W.; Hughes, A. R. W.; Kaiser, T. R.; Tatnall, A. R. L.

    1975-01-01

    The Ariel 4 satellite was designed to study wave-particle phenomena in the magnetosphere by measuring the electromagnetic wave fields over a wide frequency range and the fluxes and pitch angle distributions of energetic particles. We describe here the results of a preliminary study of the various v.l.f./e.l.f. electromagnetic wave phenomena which are observed. These include man-made signals from v.l.f. transmitters, impulsive noise originating in thunderstorms and emissions arising from magnetospheric energetic charged particles.

  20. Source of O mode radio emissions from the dayside of Uranus

    SciTech Connect

    Menietti, J.D.; Curran, D.B. )

    1990-09-01

    During the inbound trajectory toward Uranus the Planetary Radio Astronomy instrument on board the Voyager 2 spacecraft observed narrowband smooth (n-smooth) emission at frequencies centered near 60 kHz and O mode emission (the dayside source) in a frequency range narrowly confined around 160 kHz. By assuming empirical models of the plasma density for the dayside magnetosphere of Uranus, and by using cold plasma theory together with observational constraints, the authors have performed ray-tracing calculations to determine the source lcoation of the O mode emission. The dayside source appears to originate along magnetic field lines with a footprint near the north magnetic pole. Sources of nightside, high-frequency, broadband smooth (b-smooth) emission observed by Voyager after encounter are believed to exist near the conjugate footprint of these same field lines. This would indicate that the particle population supplying the free energy source has energies at least as high as a few keV and the density in the source region satisfies the condition 0.3 < f{sub p}/f{sub ce} < 1.0 where f{sub p} and f{sub ce} are the electron plasma frequency and gyrofrequency, respectively.

  1. LOPES - Detecting Radio Emission from Cosmic Ray Air Showers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horneffer, A.; Falcke, H.; Kampert, K. H.

    2002-06-01

    High energy cosmic rays, hitting the Earth's atmosphere, produce large amounts of secondary particles in an extensive air shower (EAS). Radio pulses from these air showers were measured during the late 1960ies and early 1970ies. Mainly due to difficulties with radio interference these measurements ceased in the late 1970ies. LOFAR (Low Frequency Array), the new digital radio interferometer under development, will work in the frequency range of interest for air showers. To test this new technology we are building a ''LOFAR Prototype Station'' (LOPES). This will operate in conjunction with an existing air shower array (KASCADE in Karlsruhe) to clarify the nature and properties of radio emission from air showers and develop the software to use LOFAR as a cosmic ray detector.

  2. CURVATURE-DRIFT INSTABILITY FAILS TO GENERATE PULSAR RADIO EMISSION

    SciTech Connect

    Kaganovich, Alexander; Lyubarsky, Yuri

    2010-10-01

    The curvature-drift instability has long been considered as a viable mechanism for pulsar radio emission. We reconsidered this mechanism by finding an explicit solution describing the propagation of short electromagnetic waves in a plasma flow along curved magnetic field lines. We show that even though the waves could be amplified, the amplification factor remains very close to unity; therefore, this mechanism is unable to generate high brightness temperature emission from initial weak fluctuations.

  3. Rotational modulation of Saturn's auroral radio emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lamy, L.

    2011-10-01

    Among the persistent questions raised by the existence of a rotational modulation of the Saturn Kilometric Radiation (SKR), the origin of the variability of the 10.8 hours SKR period at a 1% level over weeks to years remains intriguing. While its short-term fluctuations (20-30 days) have been related to the variations of the solar wind speed, its long-term fluctuations (months to years) were proposed to be triggered by Enceladus mass-loading and/or seasonal variations. This situation has become even more complicated since the recent identification of two separated periods at 10.8h and 10.6h, each varying with time, corresponding to SKR sources located in the southern (S) and the northern (N) hemispheres, respectively. Here, six years of Cassini continuous radio measurements have been used to derive long-term radio periods and phase systems separately for each hemisphere 1. The S phase has then been used to investigate the S SKR rotational modulation (see Figure 1), shown to be consistent with an intrinsically rotating phenomenon, in contrast with the early Voyager picture, but in agreement with the diurnal modulation observed in other kronian auroral phenomena.

  4. Whistler and Z mode radio sounding of the magnetosphere at altitudes < 5000 km by RPI on IMAGE

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sonwalkar, V.; Li, J.; Carpenter, D.; Venkatasubramanian, A.; Benson, R.; Reinisch, B.

    Radio Plasma Imager (RPI) on the IMAGE satellite can be used for the whistler and Z mode radio sounding of the magnetosphere using the low end of its 3-kHz to 3-MHz sounding frequency range. During soundings with both 25.6-ms pulses and 3.2-ms pulses, whistler-mode echoes have been observed in (1) ``discrete,'' lightning-whistler-like forms, and in (2) diffuse, widely time-spread forms suggestive of mode coupling at the boundaries of density irregularities. Discrete echoes, observed at altitudes less than ≈ 5000 km both inside the plasmasphere and over the auroral and polar regions, are believed to be RPI signals reflected at the Earth-ionosphere boundary. Diffuse echoes have also been observed at altitudes less than 5000 km, being most common poleward of the plasmasphere. In regions poleward of the plasmasphere, diffuse Z-mode echoes were found to accompany both discrete and diffuse whistler-mode echoes 90% of the time, and were also present during 90% of the soundings when no whistler-mode echoes were detected. The upper frequency cutoff, identified as the upper hybrid frequency, of the Z mode echo, and the gyrofrequency, as estimated from the gap in the Z mode echo, are used to calculate the local plasma density. By comparing the measured dispersion of discrete echoes with that from ray tracing simulations, it is possible to determine the plasma density along the ray path as well as to determine the nonducted or ducted modes of propagation. The ray tracing simulations carried out for several cases indicated that the electron density varied between 50 to 1000 el/cc at ˜ 4000 km altitude and showed R-4.5 dependence with altitude. By comparing measured dispersion of diffuse echoes with that from ray tracing simulations, it is possible to determine the locations and spatial sizes of density irregularities responsible for diffuse echoes. In one case, 06 August 2000, simulation result indicated the presence of ˜ 10-100 m scale plasma irregularities within ˜2000

  5. The radio/optical emission in 3C 33 south

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rudnick, L.; Saslaw, W. C.; Crane, P.; Tyson, J. A.

    1981-06-01

    The southern lobe of 3C 33 has been observed with the Very Large Array at wave lengths of 6 cm and 2 cm and resolutions 1 arcsec. The results clearly demonstrate a physical association between the radio source and the optical patch found by Simkin (1978). The spectral index shows that the optical emission could be the synchrotron tail of the radio radiation, provided that the lobe is continually supplied with relativistic particles with gamma not less than 10 to the 6th. If thermal gas is responsible for the optical emission, these radio polarization observations show that it must be well separated from the relativistic material. The ionization and thermal balance of any thermal gas pose a number of interesting problems. Several critical observations for future work are identified.

  6. Multi-Spacecraft Observations of Saturn Kilometric Radio Emission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    MacDowall, R. J.; Hess, R. A.

    2011-01-01

    Saturn kilometric radiation (SKR) is the auroral radio emission of Saturn, which has been observed by Voyager 1 & 2, Cassini, and Ulysses. Ulysses is able to detect the intense intervals of SKR from distances up to 10 AU, because of its long antennas (72 m tip-to-tip) and sensitive radio receivers. Studies of SKR by A. Lecacheux gave the surprising result that the periodicity of SKR varied with time; it was not locked to a planetary rotation of Saturn. This result has been confirmed by Cassini radio observations. Here, we compare Ulysses and Cassini observations of SKR to constrain a mode! for the SKR emission geometry. SpecifIcally, we examine the question - are the brighter sources of 5KR fixed in Saturn longitude or local time? The results have significant consequences for our understanding of SKR and its varying periodicity

  7. Radio Pulsars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beskin, V. S.; Chernov, S. V.; Gwinn, C. R.; Tchekhovskoy, A. A.

    2015-10-01

    Almost 50 years after radio pulsars were discovered in 1967, our understanding of these objects remains incomplete. On the one hand, within a few years it became clear that neutron star rotation gives rise to the extremely stable sequence of radio pulses, that the kinetic energy of rotation provides the reservoir of energy, and that electromagnetic fields are the braking mechanism. On the other hand, no consensus regarding the mechanism of coherent radio emission or the conversion of electromagnetic energy to particle energy yet exists. In this review, we report on three aspects of pulsar structure that have seen recent progress: the self-consistent theory of the magnetosphere of an oblique magnetic rotator; the location, geometry, and optics of radio emission; and evolution of the angle between spin and magnetic axes. These allow us to take the next step in understanding the physical nature of the pulsar activity.

  8. Radio Observation of the Electromagnetic Emission from Warm Clouds.

    PubMed

    Sartor, J D

    1964-02-28

    Microdischarges observable at 30 and 50 Mcy/sec appear from within cumulus clouds in an early stage of their development whether the temperatures within the clouds are above or below 0 degrees C. Laboratory observations of radio emission from colliding drops may provide information on the physics of clouds in the atmospheres of this and other planets.

  9. Second Harmonic Hectometric Radio Emission at Jupiter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Menietti, J. D.; Gurnett, D. A.; Groene, J. B.

    1998-01-01

    Galileo has been in orbit around Jupiter since December 1995. The plasma wave instrument on board the spacecraft has occasionally detected a rotationally modulated attenuation band in the hectometric (HOM) emission that most likely is due to scattering of the radiation from density fluctuations along the Io L-shell, as reported earlier. The occurrence of the attenuation band is likely to be dependent on Io activity and the presence of density scattering centers along the Io-L-shell as well as the location of the source region. Some of the attenuation bands show clear indications of second harmonic emission. Without polarization measurements, it is difficult to place constraints on the local generation conditions based on the cyclotron maser instability, but the results imply that second harmonic emission could be present in the decametric (DAM) radiation as well. A survey of the data has revealed about 30 examples of second harmonic HOM.

  10. Second Harmonic Hectometric Radio Emission at Jupiter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Menietti, J. D.; Gurnett, D. A.; Groene, J. B.

    1998-01-01

    Galileo has been in orbit around Jupiter since December 1995. The plasma wave instrument on board the spacecraft has occasionally detected a rotationally modulated attenuation band in the hectometric (HOM) emission that most likely is due to scattering of the radiation from density fluctuations along the Io L-shell, as reported earlier. The occurrence of the attenuation band is likely to be dependent on Io activity and the presence of density scattering centers along the Io L-shell as well as the location of the source region. Some of the attenuation bands show clear indications of second harmonic emission. Without polarization measurements, it is difficult to place constraints on the local generation conditions based on the cyclotron maser instability, but the results imply that second harmonic emission could be present in the decametric (DAM) radiation as well. A survey of the data has revealed about 30 examples of second harmonic HOM.

  11. Second Harmonic Hectometric Radio Emission at Jupiter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Menietti, J. D.; Gurnett, D. A.; Groene, J. B.

    1998-01-01

    Galileo has been in orbit around Jupiter since December 1995. The plasma wave instrument on board the spacecraft has occasionally detected a rotationally modulated attenuation band in the hectometric (HOM) emission that most likely is due to scattering of the radiation from density fluctuations along the Io L-shell, as reported earlier. The occurrence of the attenuation band is likely to be dependent on Io activity and the presence of density scattering centers along the Io L-shell as well as the location of the source region. Some of the attenuation bands show clear indications of second harmonic emission. Without polarization measurements, it is difficult to place constraints on the local generation conditions based on the cyclotron maser instability, but the results imply that second harmonic emission could be present in the decametric (DAM) radiation as well. A survey of the data has revealed about 30 examples of second harmonic HOM.

  12. Second Harmonic Hectometric Radio Emission at Jupiter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Menietti, J. D.; Gurnett, D. A.; Groene, J. B.

    1998-01-01

    Galileo has been in orbit around Jupiter since December 1995. The plasma wave instrument on board the spacecraft has occasionally detected a rotationally modulated attenuation band in the hectometric (HOM) emission that most likely is due to scattering of the radiation from density fluctuations along the Io L-shell, as reported earlier. The occurrence of the attenuation band is likely to be dependent on Io activity and the presence of density scattering centers along the Io-L-shell as well as the location of the source region. Some of the attenuation bands show clear indications of second harmonic emission. Without polarization measurements, it is difficult to place constraints on the local generation conditions based on the cyclotron maser instability, but the results imply that second harmonic emission could be present in the decametric (DAM) radiation as well. A survey of the data has revealed about 30 examples of second harmonic HOM.

  13. Galileo Direction Finding of Jovian Radio Emissions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Menietti, J. D.

    1998-01-01

    The Galileo spacecraft, in orbit about Jupiter, has observed distinct spin modulation of plasma wave emissions near the Ganymede (G1 and G2) encounters in the frequency range from about 100 kHz to approximately 6 MHz. Assuming circularly polarized, transverse electromagnetic radiation, we have used the spin modulation of the sweep-frequency receivers of the electric dipole antenna over many spins to estimate the source location in the spin plane of the spacecraft. Hectometric (HOM) and decametric (DAM) emission is observed by Galileo as a general and continuous background with frequent bursts that last tens of minutes and can be separated by minutes or hours. We have analyzed HOM and DAM emissions observed near Jupiter just after the GI and G2 encounters, including two HOM/DAM "arc" signatures observed after the G2 encounter. These latter appear to be low-frequency extensions of DAM arcs, with source regions along either the Io or the Ganymede flux tube. While the uncertainties associated with the data analysis do not allow a precise source location, the HOM/DAM emission observed near the G1 and G2 encounters is consistent with a gyroresonant source region, but it is necessary to require refraction due to the Io torus to understand the results. To explain emission from apparent source regions above a gyroresonant source region, wave refraction from asymmetries in the Io plasma torus that extend along magnetic field lines is postulated. Alternatively, if such torus density asymmetries do not exist, emission with sources above a gyroresonant source region would require another free-energy source such as energetic plasma beams in the presence of density gradients or temperature anisotropies.

  14. Galileo Direction Finding of Jovian Radio Emissions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Menietti, J. D.

    1998-01-01

    The Galileo spacecraft, in orbit about Jupiter, has observed distinct spin modulation of plasma wave emissions near the Ganymede (G1 and G2) encounters in the frequency range from about 100 kHz to approximately 6 MHz. Assuming circularly polarized, transverse electromagnetic radiation, we have used the spin modulation of the sweep-frequency receivers of the electric dipole antenna over many spins to estimate the source location in the spin plane of the spacecraft. Hectometric (HOM) and decametric (DAM) emission is observed by Galileo as a general and continuous background with frequent bursts that last tens of minutes and can be separated by minutes or hours. We have analyzed HOM and DAM emissions observed near Jupiter just after the GI and G2 encounters, including two HOM/DAM "arc" signatures observed after the G2 encounter. These latter appear to be low-frequency extensions of DAM arcs, with source regions along either the Io or the Ganymede flux tube. While the uncertainties associated with the data analysis do not allow a precise source location, the HOM/DAM emission observed near the G1 and G2 encounters is consistent with a gyroresonant source region, but it is necessary to require refraction due to the Io torus to understand the results. To explain emission from apparent source regions above a gyroresonant source region, wave refraction from asymmetries in the Io plasma torus that extend along magnetic field lines is postulated. Alternatively, if such torus density asymmetries do not exist, emission with sources above a gyroresonant source region would require another free-energy source such as energetic plasma beams in the presence of density gradients or temperature anisotropies.

  15. On the Evolution of the Cores of Radio Sources and Their Extended Radio Emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yuan, Zunli; Wang, Jiancheng

    2012-01-01

    The work in this paper aims at determining the evolution and possible co-evolution of radio-loud active galactic nuclei (AGNs) and their cores via their radio luminosity functions (i.e., total and core RLFs, respectively). Using a large combined sample of 1063 radio-loud AGNs selected at low radio frequency, we investigate the RLF at 408 MHz of steep-spectrum radio sources. Our results support a luminosity-dependent evolution. Using core flux density data of the complete sample 3CRR, we investigate the core RLF at 5.0 GHz. Based on the combined sample with incomplete core flux data, we also estimate the core RLF using a modified factor of completeness. Both results are consistent and show that the comoving number density of radio cores displays a persistent decline with redshift, implying a negative density evolution. We find that the core RLF is obviously different from the total RLF at the 408 MHz band which is mainly contributed by extended lobes, implying that the cores and extended lobes could not be co-evolving at radio emission.

  16. A periodically active pulsar giving insight into magnetospheric physics.

    PubMed

    Kramer, M; Lyne, A G; O'Brien, J T; Jordan, C A; Lorimer, D R

    2006-04-28

    PSR B1931+24 (J1933+2421) behaves as an ordinary isolated radio pulsar during active phases that are 5 to 10 days long. However, when the radio emission ceases, it switches off in less than 10 seconds and remains undetectable for the next 25 to 35 days, then switches on again. This pattern repeats quasi-periodically. The origin of this behavior is unclear. Even more remarkably, the pulsar rotation slows down 50% faster when it is on than when it is off. This indicates a massive increase in magnetospheric currents when the pulsar switches on, proving that pulsar wind plays a substantial role in pulsar spin-down. This allows us, for the first time, to estimate the magnetospheric currents in a pulsar magnetosphere during the occurrence of radio emission.

  17. RESISTIVE SOLUTIONS FOR PULSAR MAGNETOSPHERES

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Jason; Spitkovsky, Anatoly; Tchekhovskoy, Alexander

    2012-02-10

    The current state of the art in the modeling of pulsar magnetospheres invokes either the vacuum or force-free limits for the magnetospheric plasma. Neither of these limits can simultaneously account for both the plasma currents and the accelerating electric fields that are needed to explain the morphology and spectra of high-energy emission from pulsars. To better understand the structure of such magnetospheres, we combine accelerating fields and force-free solutions by considering models of magnetospheres filled with resistive plasma. We formulate Ohm's law in the minimal velocity fluid frame and construct a family of resistive solutions that smoothly bridges the gap between the vacuum and the force-free magnetosphere solutions. The spin-down luminosity, open field line potential drop, and the fraction of open field lines all transition between the vacuum and force-free values as the plasma conductivity varies from zero to infinity. For fixed inclination angle, we find that the spin-down luminosity depends linearly on the open field line potential drop. We consider the implications of our resistive solutions for the spin-down of intermittent pulsars and sub-pulse drift phenomena in radio pulsars.

  18. Quasar feedback and the origin of radio emission in radio-quiet quasars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zakamska, Nadia L.; Greene, Jenny E.

    2014-07-01

    We analyse Sloan Digital Sky Survey spectra of 568 obscured luminous quasars. The [O III] λ5007 Å emission line shows blueshifts and blue excess, indicating that some of the narrow-line gas is undergoing an organized outflow. The velocity width containing 90 per cent of line power ranges from 370 to 4780 km s-1, suggesting outflow velocities up to ˜2000 km s-1, and is strongly correlated with the radio luminosity among the radio-quiet quasars. We propose that radio emission in radio-quiet quasars is due to relativistic particles accelerated in the shocks within the quasar-driven outflows; star formation in quasar hosts is insufficient to explain the observed radio emission. The median radio luminosity of the sample of νLν[1.4 GHz] = 1040 erg s-1 suggests a median kinetic luminosity of the quasar-driven wind of Lwind = 3 × 1044 erg s-1, or about 4 per cent of the estimated median bolometric luminosity Lbol = 8 × 1045 erg s-1. Furthermore, the velocity width of [O III] is positively correlated with mid-infrared luminosity, which suggests that outflows are ultimately driven by the radiative output of the quasar. Emission lines characteristic of shocks in quasi-neutral medium increase with the velocity of the outflow, which we take as evidence of quasar-driven winds propagating into the interstellar medium of the host galaxy. Quasar feedback appears to operate above the threshold luminosity of Lbol ˜ 3 × 1045 erg s-1.

  19. Coincident bursts of auroral kilometric radiation and VLF emissions associted with a type 3 solar radio noise event

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rosenberg, T. J.; Singh, S.; Wu, C. S.; Labelle, J.; Treumann, R. A.; Inan, U. S.; Lanzerotti, L. J.

    1995-01-01

    This paper examines an isolated magnetospheric VLF/radio noise event that is highly suggestive of the triggering of terrestrial auroral kilometric radiation (AKR) bu solar type III radio emission and of a close relation between AKR and broadband hiss. The solar type III burst was measured on polar HF riometers and was coincident with local dayside VLF/LF noise emission bursts at South Pole station. It was also coincident with AKR bursts detected onthe AMPTE/IRM satellite, at the same magnetic local time as South Pole. On the basis of the close association of AKR and VLF bursts, and from geometric considerations relating to wave propagation, it is likely that the AKR source was on the dayside and on field lines near South Pole station. The general level of geomagnetic activity was very low. However, an isolated magnetic impulse event (MIE) accompanied by a riometer absorption pulse was in progress when all of the VLF/radio noise bursts occurred. The very close association of the typew III burst at HF with the AKR is consistent with external stimulation of the AKR, is different, more immediate,triggering process than that implied by Calvert (1981) is invoked. It is suggested here that some of the HF solar radiant energy may decay into waves with frequences comparable to those of the AKR by paraetric excitation or some other process, thus providing the few background photons required for the generation of AKR by the WU and Lee (1979) cyclotron maser instability. The AKR, perhaps by modifying the magnetospheric electron velocity distribution, might have produced the observed VLF emissions. Alternatively, the VLF emissions may have arisen from the same anisotropic and unstable electron distribution function responsible for the AKR.

  20. Coincident bursts of auroral kilometric radiation and VLF emissions associted with a type 3 solar radio noise event

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rosenberg, T. J.; Singh, S.; Wu, C. S.; Labelle, J.; Treumann, R. A.; Inan, U. S.; Lanzerotti, L. J.

    1995-01-01

    This paper examines an isolated magnetospheric VLF/radio noise event that is highly suggestive of the triggering of terrestrial auroral kilometric radiation (AKR) bu solar type III radio emission and of a close relation between AKR and broadband hiss. The solar type III burst was measured on polar HF riometers and was coincident with local dayside VLF/LF noise emission bursts at South Pole station. It was also coincident with AKR bursts detected onthe AMPTE/IRM satellite, at the same magnetic local time as South Pole. On the basis of the close association of AKR and VLF bursts, and from geometric considerations relating to wave propagation, it is likely that the AKR source was on the dayside and on field lines near South Pole station. The general level of geomagnetic activity was very low. However, an isolated magnetic impulse event (MIE) accompanied by a riometer absorption pulse was in progress when all of the VLF/radio noise bursts occurred. The very close association of the typew III burst at HF with the AKR is consistent with external stimulation of the AKR, is different, more immediate,triggering process than that implied by Calvert (1981) is invoked. It is suggested here that some of the HF solar radiant energy may decay into waves with frequences comparable to those of the AKR by paraetric excitation or some other process, thus providing the few background photons required for the generation of AKR by the WU and Lee (1979) cyclotron maser instability. The AKR, perhaps by modifying the magnetospheric electron velocity distribution, might have produced the observed VLF emissions. Alternatively, the VLF emissions may have arisen from the same anisotropic and unstable electron distribution function responsible for the AKR.

  1. Coincident bursts of auroral kilometric radiation and VLF emissions associated with a type III solar radio noise event

    SciTech Connect

    Rosenberg, T.J.; Singh, S.; Wu, C.S.; LaBelle, J.; Treumann, R.A.; Inan, U.S.; Lanzerotti, L.J.

    1995-01-01

    This paper examines an isolated magnetospheric VLF/radio noise event that is highly suggestive of the triggering of terrestrial auroral kilometric radiation (AKR) by solar type III radio emission and of a close relation between AKR and broadband hiss. The solar type III burst was measured on polar HF riometers and was coincident with local dayside VLF/LF noise emission bursts at South Pole station. It was also coincident with AKR bursts detected on the AMPTE/IRM satellite, at the same magnetic local time as South Pole. On the basis of the close association of AKR and VLF bursts, and from geometrical considerations relating to wave propagnation, it is likely that the AKR source was on the dayside and on field lines near South Pole station. The general level of geomagnetic activity was very low. However, an isolated magnetic impulse event (MIE) accompanied by a riometer absorption pulse was in progress when all of the VLF/radio noise bursts occurred. The very close association of the type III burst at HF with the AKR is consistent with external stimulation of the AKR, if a different, more immediate, triggering process than that implied by Calvert is invoked. It is suggested here that some of the HF solar radiant energy may decay into waves with frequencies comparable to those of the AKR by parametric excitation or some other process, thus providing the few background photons required for the generation of AKR by the Wu and Lee cyclotron maser instability. The AKR, perhaps by modifying the magnetospheric electron velocity distribution, might have produced the observed VLF emissions. Alternatively, the VLF emissions may have arisen from the same anisotropic and unstable electron distribution function responsible for the AKR. 41 refs., 5 figs.

  2. High-resolution radio emission from RCW 49/Westerlund 2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benaglia, P.; Koribalski, B.; Peri, C. S.; Martí, J.; Sánchez-Sutil, J. R.; Dougherty, S. M.; Noriega-Crespo, A.

    2013-11-01

    Aims: The HII region RCW 49 and its ionizing cluster form an extensive, complex region that has been widely studied at infrared (IR) and optical wavelengths. The Molonglo 843 MHz and Australia Telescope Compact Array data at 1.4 and 2.4 GHz showed two shells. Recent high-resolution IR imaging revealed a complex dust structure and ongoing star formation. New high-bandwidth and high-resolution data of the RCW 49 field have been obtained to survey the radio emission at arcsec scale and investigate the small-scale features and nature of the HII region. Methods: Radio observations were collected with the new 2-GHz bandwidth receivers and the CABB correlator of the Australia Telescope Compact Array [ATCA], at 5.5 and 9.0 GHz. In addition, archival observations at 1.4 and 2.4 GHz have been re-reduced and re-analyzed in conjunction with observations in the optical, IR, X-ray, and gamma-ray regimes. Results: The new 2-GHz bandwidth data result in the most detailed radio continuum images of RCW 49 to date. The radio emission closely mimics the near-IR emission observed by Spitzer, showing pillars and filaments. The brightest continuum emission comes from the region known as the bridge. The overall flattish spectral index is typically consistent with a free-free emission mechanism. However, hints of nonthermal components are also present in the bridge. An interesting jet-like structure surrounded by a bubble feature whose nature is still unclear has been discovered close to the Westerlund 2 core. Two apparent bow shocks and a number of discrete sources have been detected as well in the surroundings of RCW 49. In addition, we also report on and discuss the possible detection of a hydrogen recombination line. Conclusions: The radio results support an association between the cm continuum and molecular emission. The detection of the radio recombination line kinematically favors a RCW 49 distance of 6-7 kpc. If the negative spectral indices measured at the bridge should be

  3. Striated spectral activity in Jovian and Saturnian radio emission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thieman, James R.; Alexander, Joseph K.; Arias, Tomas A.; Staelin, David H.

    1988-01-01

    Examination of high time resolution frequency-time spectrograms of radio emission measured near the Voyager 1 and 2 encounters with Jupiter reveals occasional striation patterns within the normally diffuse hectometric radiation. The patterns are characterized by distinctive banded structures of enhanced intensity meandering in frequency over time scales of minutes to tens of minutes. This banded form of striated spectral activity (SSA) has an occurrence probability of the order of 5 percent during the three weeks before and after Jupiter encounters. Plots of single 6-s frequency sweeps often exhibit a slow rise in intensity followed by a sharp drop-off in each band as frequency decreases. Banded SSA is often preceded or followed by chaotic SSA in which banding of the emission becomes discontinuous or unrecognizable, although the intensity modulation is still evident. Although SSA normally occurs in the frequency range of roughly 0.2-1.0 MHz, similar but longer-lasting patterns have been found occasionally in decametric emission above 10 MHz. Analogous modulation has also been observed in the Saturnian radio emission, suggesting that SSA may be a common feature intrinsic to the radio emission at both planets.

  4. New observations of the low frequency interplanetary radio emissions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kurth, W. S.; Gurnett, D. A.

    1991-01-01

    Recent Voyager 1 observations reveal reoccurrences of the low frequency interplanetary radio emissions. Three of the new events are weak transient events which rise in frequency from the range of 2-2.5 kHz to about 3 kHz with drift rates of approximately 1.5 kHz/year. The first of the transient events begins in mid-1989 and the more recent pair of events both were first detected in late 1991. In addition, there is an apparent onset of a 2-kHz component of the emission beginning near day 70 of 1991. The new transient emissions are barely detectable on Voyager 1 and are below the threshold of detectability on Voyager 2, which is less sensitive than Voyager 1. The new activity provides new opportunities to test various theories of the triggering, generation, and propagation of the outer heliospheric radio emissions and may signal a response of the source of the radio emissions to the increased solar activity associated with the recent peak in the solar cycle.

  5. Analysis of Jovian low frequency radio emissions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gurnett, D. A.

    1985-01-01

    The density of ions in the Io plasma torus and the scattering of these ions by low frequency electromagnetic emissions detected by Voyager 1 were studied. The ion density profile was investigated using whistler dispersion measurements provided by the Voyager plasma instrument. The scale height and absolute density of H+ ions in the vicinity of the plasma torus were determined by combining the measured plasma densities with the whistler dispersion measurements. A theoretical analysis of the modes of propagation of low frequency electromagnetic emissions in the torus was undertaken. Polarization reversal effects and rough estimates of the ion diffusion coefficient were utilized. Numerical evaluation of the ion diffusion coefficients in the torus were made using the observed Voyager 1 wave intensities. Results show that the observed wave intensities produce significant ion diffusion effects in the ion torus.

  6. Shocks in nova outflows - II. Synchrotron radio emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vlasov, Andrey; Vurm, Indrek; Metzger, Brian D.

    2016-11-01

    The discovery of GeV gamma-rays from classical novae indicates that shocks and relativistic particle acceleration are energetically key in these events. Further evidence for shocks comes from thermal keV X-ray emission and an early peak in the radio light curve on a time-scale of months with a brightness temperature which is too high to result from freely expanding photoionized gas. Paper I developed a one-dimensional model for the thermal emission from nova shocks. This work concluded that the shock-powered radio peak cannot be thermal if line cooling operates in the post-shock gas at the rate determined by collisional ionization equilibrium. Here we extend this calculation to include non-thermal synchrotron emission. Applying our model to three classical novae, we constrain the amplification of the magnetic field ɛB and the efficiency ɛe of accelerating relativistic electrons of characteristic Lorentz factor γ ˜ 100. If the shocks are radiative (low velocity vsh ≲ 1000 km s-1) and cover a large solid angle of the nova outflow, as likely characterize those producing gamma-rays, then values of ɛe ˜ 0.01-0.1 are required to achieve the peak radio brightness for ɛB = 10-2. Such high efficiencies exclude secondary pairs from pion decay as the source of the radio-emitting particles, instead favouring the direct acceleration of electrons at the shock. If the radio-emitting shocks are instead adiabatic (high velocity), as likely characterize those responsible for the thermal X-rays, then much higher brightness temperatures are possible, allowing the radio-emitting shocks to cover a smaller outflow solid angle.

  7. Non-dipolar magnetic field models and patterns of radio emission: Uranus and Neptune compared

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Evans, D. R.

    1994-01-01

    The magnetic field geometries of Uranus and Neptune are superficially similar, and are similarly unlike those of other planets: the field strengths are similar, and they contain extraordinarily large non-dipolar components. As a corollary, the best dipolar field models of each of the two planets comprises a dipole that is considerably offset from the planetary center and tilted away from the rotational axis. However, in other respects the best field models of the two planets are quite different. Uranus has a quadrupole model in which all the terms are well determined and in which none of the higher order terms is determined. To represent the magnetometer data acquired during Voyager's Neptune encounter requires a model of order 8 (instead of Uranus' order 2), yet many of the coefficients are poorly determined. A second model, an octupole model comprising the terms up to order three of the order 8 model, has been suggested by the magnetometer team as being useful; its use, however, is limited only to the region outside of about 2R(exp N), whereas planetary radio emissions have their sources well inside this surface. Computer code has been written that permits an analysis of the detailed motion of low energy charged particles moving in general planetary magnetic fields. At Uranus, this code reveals the existence of an isolated region of the inner magnetosphere above the day side in which particles may be trapped, separate from the more general magnetospheric trapping. An examination of the so-call ordinary mode uranian radio emissions leads us to believe that these emissions are in fact extraordinary mode emissions coming from particles trapped in this isolated region. A similar attempt to discover trapping regions at Neptune has proved, unfortunately, to be impossible. This arises from three factors: (1) the computation needed to track particles in an eighth order field is more than an order of magnitude greater than that needed to perform a similar calculation in a

  8. Source characteristics of Jovian narrow-band kilometric radio emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reiner, M. J.; Fainberg, J.; Stone, R. G.; Kaiser, M. L.; Desch, M. D.; Manning, R.; Zarka, P.; Pedersen, B.-M.

    1993-07-01

    New observations of Jovian narrow-band kilometric (nKOM) radio emissions were made by the Unified Radio and Plasma Wave (URAP) experiment on the Ulysses spacecraft during the Ulysses-Jupiter encounter in early February 1992. These observations have demonstrated the unique capability of the URAP instrument for determining both the direction and polarization of nKOM radio sources. An important result is the discovery that nKOM radio emission originates from a number of distinct sources located at different Jovian longitudes and at the inner and outermost regions of the Io plasma torus. These sources have been tracked for several Jovian rotations, yielding their corotational lags, their spatial and temporal evolution, and their radiation characteristics at both low latitudes far from Jupiter and at high latitudes near the planet. Both right-hand and left-hand circularly polarized nKOM sources were observed. The polarizations observed for sources in the outermost regions of the torus seem to favor extraordinary mode emission.

  9. An `analytic dynamical magnetosphere' formalism for X-ray and optical emission from slowly rotating magnetic massive stars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Owocki, Stanley P.; ud-Doula, Asif; Sundqvist, Jon O.; Petit, Veronique; Cohen, David H.; Townsend, Richard H. D.

    2016-11-01

    Slowly rotating magnetic massive stars develop `dynamical magnetospheres' (DMs), characterized by trapping of stellar wind outflow in closed magnetic loops, shock heating from collision of the upflow from opposite loop footpoints, and subsequent gravitational infall of radiatively cooled material. In 2D and 3D magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations, the interplay among these three components is spatially complex and temporally variable, making it difficult to derive observational signatures and discern their overall scaling trends. Within a simplified, steady-state analysis based on overall conservation principles, we present here an `analytic dynamical magnetosphere' (ADM) model that provides explicit formulae for density, temperature, and flow speed in each of these three components - wind outflow, hot post-shock gas, and cooled inflow - as a function of colatitude and radius within the closed (presumed dipole) field lines of the magnetosphere. We compare these scalings with time-averaged results from MHD simulations, and provide initial examples of application of this ADM model for deriving two key observational diagnostics, namely hydrogen H α emission line profiles from the cooled infall, and X-ray emission from the hot post-shock gas. We conclude with a discussion of key issues and advantages in applying this ADM formalism towards derivation of a broader set of observational diagnostics and scaling trends for massive stars with such dynamical magnetospheres.

  10. No radio emission from SN 2006X after 2 years

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandra, Poonam; Chevalier, Roger; Patat, Ferdinando

    2008-02-01

    We observed Type Ia supernova SN 2006X (IAUC 8667) with the VLA for 2 hours in 8.46 GHz band at 2008 Feb 19.47 UT mean time. We did not detect any radio emission, indicating it to be a normal Type Ia supernova. The map rms is 18 uJy and the flux density at the supernova position is 4 +/-18 uJy. We thank VLA staff for making this observation possible. The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc.

  11. Virtual observatory tools and amateur radio observations supporting scientific analysis of Jupiter radio emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cecconi, Baptiste; Hess, Sebastien; Le Sidaner, Pierre; Savalle, Renaud; Stéphane, Erard; Coffre, Andrée; Thétas, Emmanuel; André, Nicolas; Génot, Vincent; Thieman, Jim; Typinski, Dave; Sky, Jim; Higgins, Chuck; Imai, Masafumi

    2016-04-01

    In the frame of the preparation of the NASA/JUNO and ESA/JUICE (Jupiter Icy Moon Explorer) missions, and the development of a planetary sciences virtual observatory (VO), we are proposing a new set of tools directed to data providers as well as users, in order to ease data sharing and discovery. We will focus on ground based planetary radio observations (thus mainly Jupiter radio emissions), trying for instance to enhance the temporal coverage of jovian decametric emission. The data service we will be using is EPN-TAP, a planetary science data access protocol developed by Europlanet-VESPA (Virtual European Solar and Planetary Access). This protocol is derived from IVOA (International Virtual Observatory Alliance) standards. The Jupiter Routine Observations from the Nancay Decameter Array are already shared on the planetary science VO using this protocol, as well as data from the Iitate Low Frquency Radio Antenna, in Japan. Amateur radio data from the RadioJOVE project is also available. The attached figure shows data from those three providers. We will first introduce the VO tools and concepts of interest for the planetary radioastronomy community. We will then present the various data formats now used for such data services, as well as their associated metadata. We will finally show various prototypical tools that make use of this shared datasets.

  12. Tracing star formation with non-thermal radio emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schober, Jennifer; Schleicher, D. R. G.; Klessen, R. S.

    2017-06-01

    A key for understanding the evolution of galaxies and in particular their star formation history will be future ultradeep radio surveys. While star formation rates (SFRs) are regularly estimated with phenomenological formulas based on the local FIR-radio correlation, we present here a physically motivated model to relate star formation with radio fluxes. Such a relation holds only in frequency ranges where the flux is dominated by synchrotron emission, as this radiation originates from cosmic rays produced in supernova remnants, therefore reflecting recent star formation. At low frequencies, synchrotron emission can be absorbed by the free-free mechanism. This suppression becomes stronger with increasing number density of the gas, more precisely of the free electrons. We estimate the critical observing frequency below which radio emission is not tracing the SFR, and use the three well-studied local galaxies M51, M82, and Arp 220 as test cases for our model. If the observed galaxy is at high redshift, this critical frequency moves along with other spectral features to lower values in the observing frame. In the absence of systematic evolutionary effects, one would therefore expect that the method can be applied at lower observing frequencies for high-redshift observations. However, in case of a strong increase of the typical gas column densities towards high redshift, the increasing free-free absorption may erase the star formation signatures at low frequencies. At high radio frequencies both, free-free emission and the thermal bump, can dominate the spectrum, also limiting the applicability of this method.

  13. Detection of thermal radio emission from a single coronal giant

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    O'Gorman, E.; Harper, G. M.; Vlemmings, W.

    2017-03-01

    We report the detection of thermal continuum radio emission from the K0 III coronal giant Pollux (β Gem) with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA). The star was detected at 21 and 9 GHz with flux density values of 150 ± 21 and 43 ± 8 μJy, respectively. We also place a 3σrms upper limit of 23 μJy for the flux density at 3 GHz. We find the stellar disk-averaged brightness temperatures to be approximately 9500, 15 000, and <71 000 K, at 21, 9, and 3 GHz, respectively, which are consistent with the values of the quiet Sun. The emission is most likely dominated by optically thick thermal emission from an upper chromosphere at 21 and 9 GHz. We discuss other possible additional sources of emission at all frequencies and show that there may also be a small contribution from gyroresonance emission above active regions, coronal free-free emission and free-free emission from an optically thin stellar wind, particularly at the lower frequencies. We constrain the maximum mass-loss rate from Pollux to be less than 3.7 × 10-11M⊙ yr-1 (assuming a wind terminal velocity of 215 km s-1), which is about an order of magnitude smaller than previous constraints for coronal giants and is in agreement with existing predictions for the mass-loss rate of Pollux. These are the first detections of thermal radio emission from a single (i.e., non-binary) coronal giant and demonstrate that low activity coronal giants like Pollux have atmospheres at radio frequencies akin to the quiet Sun.

  14. RFID Transponders' Radio Frequency Emissions in Aircraft Communication and Navigation Radio Bands

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nguyen, Truong X.; Ely, Jay J.; Williams, Reuben A.; Koppen, Sandra V.; Salud, Maria Theresa P.

    2006-01-01

    Radiated emissions in aircraft communication and navigation bands are measured from several active radio frequency identification (RFID) tags. The individual tags are different in design and operations. They may also operate in different frequency bands. The process for measuring the emissions is discussed, and includes tag interrogation, reverberation chamber testing, and instrument settings selection. The measurement results are described and compared against aircraft emission limits. In addition, interference path loss for the cargo bays of passenger aircraft is measured. Cargo bay path loss is more appropriate for RFID tags than passenger cabin path loss. The path loss data are reported for several aircraft radio systems on a Boeing 747 and an Airbus A320.

  15. The detection of variable radio emission from the fast rotating magnetic hot B-star HR\\xA07355 and evidence for its X-ray aurorae

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leto, P.; Trigilio, C.; Oskinova, L.; Ignace, R.; Buemi, C. S.; Umana, G.; Ingallinera, A.; Todt, H.; Leone, F.

    2017-05-01

    In this paper, we investigate the multiwavelength properties of the magnetic early B-type star HR 7355. We present its radio light curves at several frequencies, taken with the Jansky Very Large Array, and X-ray spectra, taken with the XMM-Newton X-ray telescope. Modelling of the radio light curves for the Stokes I and V provides a quantitative analysis of the HR 7355 magnetosphere. A comparison between HR 7355 and a similar analysis for the Ap star CU Vir allows us to study how the different physical parameters of the two stars affect the structure of the respective magnetospheres where the non-thermal electrons originate. Our model includes a cold thermal plasma component that accumulates at high magnetic latitudes that influences the radio regime, but does not give rise to X-ray emission. Instead, the thermal X-ray emission arises from shocks generated by wind stream collisions close to the magnetic equatorial plane. The analysis of the X-ray spectrum of HR 7355 also suggests the presence of a non-thermal radiation. Comparison between the spectral index of the power-law X-ray energy distribution with the non-thermal electron energy distribution indicates that the non-thermal X-ray component could be the auroral signature of the non-thermal electrons that impact the stellar surface, the same non-thermal electrons that are responsible for the observed radio emission. On the basis of our analysis, we suggest a novel model that simultaneously explains the X-ray and the radio features of HR 7355 and is likely relevant for magnetospheres of other magnetic early-type stars.

  16. Radio triangulation of solar radio emissions associated with the 2012 July 23 CME

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krupar, Vratislav; Kruparova, Oksana; Santolik, Ondrej; Bothmer, Volker; Mrotzek, Niclas; Eastwood, Jonathan P.

    2017-04-01

    Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are large-scale eruptions of magnetized plasma that may cause severe geomagnetic storms if Earth directed. The backside CME from 2012 July 23 belongs among historical extreme solar events due to associated solar energetic particle fluxes and the CME-driven shock speed above 2000 kms-1. Here, we focus on analysis of associated interplanetary (IP) radio emissions. The frequency drift of the IP type II burst provides us with a reasonable speed of the CME-driven shock. We have successfully applied a radio direction-finding technique to IP type II and type III bursts observed by the two identical radio receivers aboard the two STEREO spacecraft. The radio triangulation technique allows us to localize radio sources in the IP medium. The obtained locations of the type II and type III bursts are in a very good agreement with the CME direction. We demonstrate the complementarity between radio triangulation and 3D reconstruction techniques for space weather applications.

  17. Magnetospheric structure of rotation powered pulsars

    SciTech Connect

    Arons, J. California Univ., Livermore, CA . Inst. of Geophysics and Planetary Physics)

    1991-01-07

    I survey recent theoretical work on the structure of the magnetospheres of rotation powered pulsars, within the observational constraints set by their observed spindown, their ability to power synchrotron nebulae and their ability to produce beamed collective radio emission, while putting only a small fraction of their energy into incoherent X- and gamma radiation. I find no single theory has yet given a consistent description of the magnetosphere, but I conclude that models based on a dense outflow of pairs from the polar caps, permeated by a lower density flow of heavy ions, are the most promising avenue for future research. 106 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. Young gamma-ray pulsar: from modeling the gamma-ray emission to the particle-in-cell simulations of the global magnetosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brambilla, Gabriele; Kalapotharakos, Constantions; Timokhin, Andrey; Kust Harding, Alice; Kazanas, Demosthenes

    2016-04-01

    Accelerated charged particles flowing in the magnetosphere produce pulsar gamma-ray emission. Pair creation processes produce an electron-positron plasma that populates the magnetosphere, in which the plasma is very close to force-free. However, it is unknown how and where the plasma departs from the ideal force-free condition, which consequently inhibits the understanding of the emission generation. We found that a dissipative magnetosphere outside the light cylinder effectively reproduces many aspects of the young gamma-ray pulsar emission as seen by the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, and through particle-in-cell simulations (PIC), we started explaining this configuration self-consistently. These findings show that, together, a magnetic field structure close to force-free and the assumption of gamma-ray curvature radiation as the emission mechanism are strongly compatible with the observations. Two main issues from the previously used models that our work addresses are the inability to explain luminosity, spectra, and light curve features at the same time and the inconsistency of the electrodynamics. Moreover, using the PIC simulations, we explore the effects of different pair multiplicities on the magnetosphere configurations and the locations of the accelerating regions. Our work aims for a self-consistent modeling of the magnetosphere, connecting the microphysics of the pair-plasma to the global magnetosphere macroscopic quantities. This direction will lead to a greater understanding of pulsar emission at all wavelengths, as well as to concrete insights into the physics of the magnetosphere.

  19. Evolution of low altitude and ring current ENA emissions from moderate magnetospheric storms: Continuous and simultaneous TWINS observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valek, P. W.; Brandt, P. C.; Fok, M. H.; Goldstein, J.; McComas, D. J.; Perez, J. D.; Roelof, E. C.; Skoug, R. M.

    2010-12-01

    The TWINS mission measures energetic neutral atoms (ENAs) using sensors mounted on two separate spacecraft. Because the two spacecraft's orbital planes and phases are significantly offset, the pair provides a nearly optimal combination of continuous magnetospheric observations from at least one of the TWINS platforms with several hours of simultaneous, dual-platform viewing over each orbit. Two types of ENA signals are observed during storms, corresponding to two fundamental magnetospheric ion processes. The first signal is the high-altitude ring current emission (RCE) due to a parent population of trapped ions in the inner magnetosphere, undergoing charge exchange with the extended neutral hydrogen exosphere. The second is the low altitude emission (LAE) signal that results from precipitating ions which undergo charge exchange with the oxygen exosphere at a few hundred km altitude. Valek et al. (2010) investigated the temporal evolution of the moderate storm of 22 July 2009 and showed the LAE began earlier and was the brightest emission seen during the main phase, while later, during the recovery, the LAE was only as bright as the bulk ring current emissions. Using this same methodology applied to a larger number of storms, we determine the general relative temporal evolution of the RCE and LAE as seen by TWINS. Valek, P., P. C. Brandt, N. Buzulukova, M.-C. Fok, J. Goldstein, D.J. McComas, J. D. Perez, E. C. Roelof, and R. Skoug (2010), Evolution of low altitude and ring current ENA emissions from a moderate magnetospheric storm: Continuous and simultaneous TWINS observations,J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2010JA015429, in press.

  20. A Search for Radio Emission from Nearby Exoplanets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maps, Amethyst D.; Bastian, Timothy S.; Beasley, Anthony J.

    2017-01-01

    Since the discovery of the first extrasolar planet orbiting a main sequence star more than 20 years ago, the study of exoplanets has become a burgeoning field with more than 3300 confirmed extrasolar planets now known. A variety of techniques has been used to discover exoplanets orbiting main sequence stars and to deduce their properties: timing, radial velocities, direct imaging, microlensing, and transits in the optical/IR bands. Absent from this list so far is the detection of exoplanets at radio wavelengths, but not for lack of trying. Searches for radio emission from exoplanets predate their discovery (Winglee et al. 1986) and have continued sporadically to this day. The majority of searches for radio emission from exoplanets has searched for coherent radio emission. It is indeed the case that in our own solar system, all magnetized planets are powerful radio emitters, the likely emission mechanism being the cyclotron maser instability. The outstanding example is Jupiter, which emits 1010-1011 W at decameter wavelengths (frequencies <40 MHz). If there are Jupiter-like planets in other solar systems, many must surely emit CMI radiation. The emitted radiation could be orders of magnitude more intense than Jupiter’s if the interaction between the magnetized planet and the wind from the primary star is stronger than the Sun/Jupiter interaction - due, for example, to a more powerful wind and/or the planet being closer to the star.We have initiated a new search for radio emission from exoplanets, focusing on all known exoplanetary systems within 20 pc - more than 50 systems containing nearly 100 planets using the Jansky Very Large Array (JVLA) in three frequency bands: 1-2 GHz, 2-4 GHz, and 4-8 GHz with a target sensitivity of ~10 microJy. We have completed the 2-4 GHz survey and report our preliminary results, which include the detection of two systems. We discuss whether the emission is from a planet or from the star and the implications of our conclusions for

  1. A New Solar Radio Emission Component Observed at Hectometric Wavelengths

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reiner, M.; Kaiser, M.; Fainberg, J.

    2003-04-01

    From May 17 to 22, 2002 a highly circularly polarized solar radio source was observed by the WAVES receivers on the Wind spacecraft. This unique event, which became quite intense and definite after May 19 and which was observed continuously for 6 days, was characterized by fine frequency structures, 1 to 2 hour amplitude periodicities, and a peaked frequency spectrum. Indeed, this emission has characteristics more typical of planetary emissions than of solar emissions. This is the only such event observed by Wind/WAVES in its 8 years of operation. (The only other example of an event of similar nature may have been observed more than 20 years ago by the ISEE-3 spacecraft.) The direction-finding analysis for this event indicates a relatively small radio source that may lie somewhere between 0.06 and 0.36 AU from the sun. The radiation from this event was very weak at the onset, being nearly an order of magnitude below the galactic background radiation level. It is speculated that this radio event may be a unique hectometric manifestation of a moving type IV burst. The radiation mechanism is unknown--possibilities include plasma emission, gyro-synchrotron, and cyclotron maser.

  2. Simultaneous Observation of Jovian Radio Emissions by Cassini and Wind

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kaiser, M. L.; Kurth, W. S.; Hospodarsky, G. B.; Gurnett, D. A.

    1999-01-01

    During the Cassini instrument checkout interval in January 1999 as the spacecraft was making a distant (0.6 AU) swing by Earth, the radio and plasma wave receiver (RPWS) detected radio emission from the sun, Earth, and Jupiter, the latter including both the hectometric (HOM) and decametric (DAM) components. The WAVES experiment on the Wind spacecraft in orbit near Earth was also making observations of Jupiter at this same time. By combining the RPWS and WAVES data sets, we are able to provide some insight into the instantaneous beaming of Jovian radio emissions. As seen by Jupiter, Cassini and Wind were a few degrees apart during this period, yet the correlation between Jovian DAM arcs observed by the two spacecraft suggests that the beam width is even narrower and does not simultaneously illuminate both. The only earlier spacecraft capable, in principle, of making these observations were Voyager-1 and 2, but their sensitivity to DAM emissions was too limited to reliably measure the instantaneous beaming. The beam width implied by the RPWS-WAVES measurements is approximately the same as the angle through which Jupiter rotates while an arc (at a fixed frequency) is visible. The HOM Jovian emissions, on the other hand, seem similar as observed by RPWS and WAVES, consistent with earlier Wind-Ulysses measurements indicating a somewhat broader beam width.

  3. Terrestrial kilometric radiation: 2: Emission from the magnetospheric cusp and dayside magnetosheath

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alexander, J. K.; Kaiser, M. L.

    1976-01-01

    Measurements of the location of sources of terrestrial kilometric radiation obtained with the lunar orbiting Radio Astronomy Explorer-2 satellite have revealed a class of emission associated with the cusp and dayside magnetosheath. At frequencies near 250 kHz this emission is observed at radial distances between 2 and 20 R sub E at magnetic latitudes of 75 deg to 80 deg and is most often detected during periods of auroral activity (AE or approximately = 250) and southward orientation of the interplanetary magnetic field vertical component. During very disturbed times, the emission at the lowest frequencies ( or approximately = 200 kHz) appears to come from the dayside magnetosheath at distances or approximately = 12 R sub E. Whenever the geomagnetic dipole is tilted significantly with respect to the ecliptic pole ( or approximately = 10 deg) the cusp emission is confined to the hemisphere containing the sub solar point. The measurements also suggest that the region of cusp emission is rather narrowly confined in longitude to within + or - a few hours of the noon meridian.

  4. Peculiarities in the Emission of Radio-Loud and Radio-Quiet Gamma Pulsars and Gamma-Quiet Radio Pulsars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malov, I.; Timirkeeva, M.

    2017-06-01

    Comparison of three pulsar samples — radio pulsars (R), gamma pulsars (γ) and pulsars with emission in both ranges (γ+R) — has been carried out. It was shown that magnetic fields at the light cylinder are two orders of magnitude higher in gamma pulsars (=3.60 - 3.95 G) when compared with radio pulsars (=1 .75 G). Losses of rotation energy in these objects differ much more (log dE/dt=35.37 -35.53 and 32.60, correspondingly). Gamma pulsars form two groups separated in space. The conclusion is made that generation of gamma emission takes place at the light cylinder and can be caused by the synchrotron mechanism.

  5. Solar wind influence on Jupiter's magnetosphere and aurora

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vogt, Marissa; Gyalay, Szilard; Withers, Paul

    2016-04-01

    Jupiter's magnetosphere is often said to be rotationally driven, with strong centrifugal stresses due to large spatial scales and a rapid planetary rotation period. For example, the main auroral emission at Jupiter is not due to the magnetosphere-solar wind interaction but is driven by a system of corotation enforcement currents that arises to speed up outflowing Iogenic plasma. Additionally, processes like tail reconnection are also thought to be driven, at least in part, by processes internal to the magnetosphere. While the solar wind is generally expected to have only a small influence on Jupiter's magnetosphere and aurora, there is considerable observational evidence that the solar wind does affect the magnetopause standoff distance, auroral radio emissions, and the position and brightness of the UV auroral emissions. We will report on the results of a comprehensive, quantitative study of the influence of the solar wind on various magnetospheric data sets measured by the Galileo mission from 1996 to 2003. Using the Michigan Solar Wind Model (mSWiM) to predict the solar wind conditions upstream of Jupiter, we have identified intervals of high and low solar wind dynamic pressure. We can use this information to quantify how a magnetospheric compression affects the magnetospheric field configuration, which in turn will affect the ionospheric mapping of the main auroral emission. We also consider whether there is evidence that reconnection events occur preferentially during certain solar wind conditions or that the solar wind modulates the quasi-periodicity seen in the magnetic field dipolarizations and flow bursts.

  6. ELECTRON-BEAM-INDUCED RADIO EMISSION FROM ULTRACOOL DWARFS

    SciTech Connect

    Yu, S.; Doyle, J. G.; Kuznetsov, A.; Hallinan, G.; Antonova, A.; MacKinnon, A. L.; Golden, A.

    2012-06-10

    We present the numerical simulations for an electron-beam-driven and loss-cone-driven electron-cyclotron maser (ECM) with different plasma parameters and different magnetic field strengths for a relatively small region and short timescale in an attempt to interpret the recent discovered intense radio emission from ultracool dwarfs. We find that a large amount of electromagnetic (EM) field energy can be effectively released from the beam-driven ECM, which rapidly heats the surrounding plasma. A rapidly developed high-energy tail of electrons in velocity space (resulting from the heating process of the ECM) may produce the radio continuum depending on the initial strength of the external magnetic field and the electron beam current. Both significant linear polarization and circular polarization of EM waves can be obtained from the simulations. The spectral energy distributions of the simulated radio waves show that harmonics may appear from 10 to 70{nu}{sub pe} ({nu}{sub pe} is the electron plasma frequency) in the non-relativistic case and from 10 to 600{nu}{sub pe} in the relativistic case, which makes it difficult to find the fundamental cyclotron frequency in the observed radio frequencies. A wide frequency band should therefore be covered by future radio observations.

  7. Radio emission from an ultraluminous x-ray source.

    PubMed

    Kaaret, Philip; Corbel, Stephane; Prestwich, Andrea H; Zezas, Andreas

    2003-01-17

    The physical nature of ultraluminous x-ray sources is uncertain. Stellar-mass black holes with beamed radiation and intermediate black holes with isotropic radiation are two plausible explanations. We discovered radio emission from an ultraluminous x-ray source in the dwarf irregular galaxy NGC 5408. The x-ray, radio, and optical fluxes as well as the x-ray spectral shape are consistent with beamed relativistic jet emission from an accreting stellar black hole. If confirmed, this would suggest that the ultraluminous x-ray sources may be stellar-mass rather than intermediate-mass black holes. However, interpretation of the source as a jet-producing intermediate-mass black hole cannot be ruled out at this time.

  8. Discovery of Circularly Polarized Radio Emission from SS 433.

    PubMed

    Fender; Rayner; Norris; Sault; Pooley

    2000-02-10

    We report the discovery of circularly polarized radio emission from the radio-jet X-ray binary SS 433 with the Australia Telescope Compact Array. The flux density spectrum of the circular polarization, clearly detected at four frequencies between 1 and 9 GHz, is of the form V~nu-0.9+/-0.1. Multiple components in the source and a lack of very high spatial resolution do not allow a unique determination of the origin of the circular polarization or of the spectrum of fractional polarization. However, we argue that the emission is likely to arise in the inner regions of the binary, possibly via propagation-induced conversion of linear to circular polarization, and the fractional circular polarization of these regions may be as high as 10%. Observations such as these have the potential to help us investigate the composition, whether pairs or baryonic, of the ejecta from X-ray binaries.

  9. Periodic Bursts of Coherent Radio Emission from an Ultracool Dwarf

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-15

    unidentified cool, dim brown dwarf or extrasolar planet in the solar neighborhood. In particular, the period of 1.28 hr observed for the bursts from...coherent radiation detected from the magnetized planets in our solar system (Zarka 1998; Ergun et al. 2000). However, studies of the electron...maser instability is the mechanism deemed responsible for the coherent radio emission detected from the magnetized planets in our solar system (Zarka 1998

  10. Radio emission from Supernovae and High Precision Astrometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perez-Torres, M. A.

    1999-11-01

    The present thesis work makes contributions in two scientific fronts: differential astrometry over the largest angular scales ever attempted (approx. 15 arcdegrees) and numerical simulations of radio emission from very young supernovae. In the first part, we describe the results of the use of very-long-baseline interferometry (VLBI) in one experiment designed to measure with very high precision the angular distance between the radio sources 1150+812 (QSO) and 1803+784 (BL Lac). We observed the radio sources on 19 November 1993 using an intercontinental array of radio telescopes, which simultaneously recorded at 2.3 and 8.4 GHz. VLBI differential astrometry is capable, Nature allowing, of yielding source positions with precisions well below the milliarcsecond level. To achieve this precision, we first had to accurately model the rotation of the interferometric fringes via the most precise models of Earth Orientation Parameters (EOP; precession, polar motion and UT1, nutation). With this model, we successfully connected our phase delay data at both frequencies and, using difference astrometric techniques, determined the coordinates of 1803+784 relative to those of 1150+812-within the IERS reference frame--with an standard error of about 0.6 mas in each coordinate. We then corrected for several effects including propagation medium (mainly the atmosphere and ionosphere), and opacity and source-structure effects within the radio sources. We stress that our dual-frequency measurements allowed us to accurately subtract the ionosphere contribution from our data. We also used GPS-based TEC measurements to independently find the ionosphere contribution, and showed that these contributions agree with our dual-frequency measurements within about 2 standard deviations in the less favorables cases (the longest baselines), but are usually well within one standard deviation. Our estimates of the relative positions, whether using dual-frequency-based or GPS-based ionosphere

  11. Radio emission from the magnetic equator of Uranus

    SciTech Connect

    Kaiser, M.L.; Desch, M.D.; Connerney, J.E.P. )

    1989-03-01

    The major observational characteristics of the smooth, narrow bandwidth component of Uranus' radio emissions are well described by sources radiating near the local electron gyrofrequency, confined to the magnetic equatorial plane and encircling the plant at radial distances of approximately 2 to 3 R{sub v}. The most intense emission appears to be generated in association with the {var epsilon} ring at 2.0 R{sub v} radial distance. The authors infer a cold electron density of {le} 4 cm{sup {minus}3} in this region.

  12. The Role of the Jet Emission in Young Radio Sources

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Migliori, Giulia

    2014-07-01

    We investigated the contribution of the jet to the observed high energy emission in a sample of young and compact radio quasars. For the first time, we compared the Fermi-LAT and Chandra observations of the sample to γ-ray and X-ray luminosities predicted assuming a jet synchrotron and inverse Compton radiative model. The simulations performed for a reasonable set of model parameters and assumptions provide constraints on the minimum jet power (Ljet,kin/Ldisk >0.01), on the contribution of the jet to the X-ray emission, and on the particles to magnetic field energy density ratios.

  13. The radiation belt origin of Uranus' nightside radio emission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Curtis, S. A.; Desch, M. D.; Kaiser, M. L.

    1987-01-01

    On the basis of the location of the source field lines of the smooth nightside component of Uranus kilometric radiation, the most likely free energy source is the outer radiation belts. As the terminator sweeps over the magnetic north polar region, precipitation of electrons generated by solar heating of the upper atmosphere and submergence of the electron mirror points deeper in the atmosphere will create a backscattered electron distribution with an enhanced population at large pitch angles. The clocklike radio emission turns out to be a direct consequence of the terminator's control of the emission process.

  14. Radio emission from the magnetic equator of Uranus

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kaiser, M. L.; Desch, M. D.; Connerney, J. E. P.

    1989-01-01

    The major observational characteristics of the smooth, narrow bandwidth component of Uranus' radio emissions are well described by sources radiating near the local electron gyrofrequency, confined to the magnetic equatorial plane and encircling the planet at radial distances of approximately 2 to 3 R(U). The most intense emission appears to be generated in association with the epsilon ring at 2.0 R(U) radial distance. A cold electron density of less than or equal to 4/cu cm are inferred in this region.

  15. Fast Radio Bursts with Extended Gamma-Ray Emission?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murase, Kohta; Mészáros, Peter; Fox, Derek B.

    2017-02-01

    We consider some general implications of bright γ-ray counterparts to fast radio bursts (FRBs). We show that even if these manifest in only a fraction of FRBs, γ-ray detections with current satellites (including Swift) can provide stringent constraints on cosmological FRB models. If the energy is drawn from the magnetic energy of a compact object such as a magnetized neutron star, the sources should be nearby and be very rare. If the intergalactic medium is responsible for the observed dispersion measure, the required γ-ray energy is comparable to that of the early afterglow or extended emission of short γ-ray bursts. While this can be reconciled with the rotation energy of compact objects, as expected in many merger scenarios, the prompt outflow that yields the γ-rays is too dense for radio waves to escape. Highly relativistic winds launched in a precursor phase, and forming a wind bubble, may avoid the scattering and absorption limits and could yield FRB emission. Largely independent of source models, we show that detectable radio afterglow emission from γ-ray bright FRBs can reasonably be anticipated. Gravitational wave searches can also be expected to provide useful tests.

  16. Radio Emission in Atmospheric Air Showers Measured by LOPES-30

    SciTech Connect

    Isar, P. G.

    2008-01-24

    When Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR) interact with particles in the Earth's atmosphere, they produce a shower of secondary particles propagating towards the ground. These relativistic particles emit synchrotron radiation in the radio frequency range when passing the Earth's magnetic field. The LOPES (LOFAR Prototype Station) experiment investigates the radio emission from these showers in detail and will pave the way to use this detection technique for large scale applications like in LOFAR (Low Frequency Array) and the Pierre Auger Observatory. The LOPES experiment is co-located and measures in coincidence with the air shower experiment KASCADE-Grande at Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Germany. LOPES has an absolute amplitude calibration array of 30 dipole antennas (LOPES-30). After one year of measurements of the single East-West polarization by all 30 antennas, recently, the LOPES-30 set-up was configured to perform dual-polarization measurements. Half of the antennas have been configured for measurements of the North-South polarization. Only by measuring at the same time both, the E-W and N-S polarization components of the radio emission, the geo-synchrotron effect as the dominant emission mechanism in air showers can be verified. The status of the measurements, including the absolute calibration procedure of the dual-polarized antennas as well as analysis of dual-polarized event examples are reported.

  17. RADIO CONTINUUM EMISSION AND WATER MASERS TOWARD CB 54

    SciTech Connect

    De Gregorio-Monsalvo, Itziar; Gomez, Jose F.; Anglada, Guillem; Suarez, Olga; Torrelles, Jose M.; Kuiper, Thomas B. H.; Patel, Nimesh A.

    2009-06-15

    We present high angular resolution observations of water masers at 1.3 cm and radio continuum emission at 1.3, 3.6, and 6 cm toward the Bok globule CB 54 using the Very Large Array. At 1.3 cm, with subarcsecond angular resolution, we detect a radio continuum compact source located to the southwest of the globule and spatially coincident with a mid-infrared (mid-IR) embedded object (MIR-b). The spectral index derived between 6 and 1.3 cm ({alpha} = 0.3 {+-} 0.4) is flat, consistent with optically thin free-free emission from ionized gas. We propose the shock-ionization scenario as a viable mechanism for producing the radio continuum emission observed at cm frequencies. Water masers are detected at two different positions separated by 2.''3, and coincide spatially with two mid-IR sources: MIR-b and MIR-c. The association of these mid-IR sources with water masers confirms that they are likely protostars undergoing mass loss, and they are the best candidate as driving sources of the molecular outflows in the region.

  18. Prospects for planet detection using pulsed radio emission from UCD's

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mutel, Robert

    2017-05-01

    Pulsed radio emission from ultra-cool dwarfs is thought to be due to the electron-cyclotron maser instability (ECMI) from mildly relativistic electrons precipitating in large kilogauss magnetic loops above the stellar photosphere. This emission, which highly circularly polarized and highly beamed, may be altered by the presence of close-in planets, and therefore provide a means for inferring the presence of the planet. I will discuss the basic plasma physics of ECMI emission, as well as recent observations of ECMI emission at the Earth, Jupiter, and Saturn. These observations, especially the beaming properties, are highly relevant to predicting whether and how close-in planets can effect ECMI pulses from the parent star.

  19. Constraining Substellar Magnetic Dynamos using Auroral Radio Emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kao, Melodie; Hallinan, Gregg; Pineda, J. Sebastian; Escala, Ivanna; Burgasser, Adam J.; Stevenson, David J.

    2017-01-01

    An important outstanding problem in dynamo theory is understanding how magnetic fields are generated and sustained in fully convective stellar objects. A number of models for possible dynamo mechanisms in this regime have been proposed but constraining data on magnetic field strengths and topologies across a wide range of mass, age, rotation rate, and temperature are sorely lacking, particularly in the brown dwarf regime. Detections of highly circularly polarized pulsed radio emission provide our only window into magnetic field measurements for objects in the ultracool brown dwarf regime. However, these detections are very rare; previous radio surveys encompassing ˜60 L6 or later targets have yielded only one detection. We have developed a selection strategy for biasing survey targets based on possible optical and infrared tracers of auroral activity. Using our selection strategy, we previously observed six late L and T dwarfs with the Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) and detected the presence of highly circularly polarized radio emission for five targets. Our initial detections at 4-8 GHz provided the most robust constraints on dynamo theory in this regime, confirming magnetic fields >2.5 kG. To further develop our understanding of magnetic fields in the ultracool brown dwarf mass regime bridging planets and stars, we present constraints on surface magnetic field strengths for two Y-dwarfs as well as higher frequency observations of the previously detected L/T dwarfs corresponding ~3.6 kG fields. By carefully comparing magnetic field measurements derived from auroral radio emission to measurements derived from Zeeman broadening and Zeeman Doppler imaging, we provide tentative evidence that the dynamo operating in this mass regime may be inconsistent with predicted values from currently in vogue models. This suggests that parameters beyond convective flux may influence magnetic field generation in brown dwarfs.

  20. Wavelet Based Characterization of Low Radio Frequency Solar Emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suresh, A.; Sharma, R.; Das, S. B.; Oberoi, D.; Pankratius, V.; Lonsdale, C.

    2016-12-01

    Low-frequency solar radio observations with the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) have revealed the presence of numerous short-lived, narrow-band weak radio features, even during quiet solar conditions. In their appearance in in the frequency-time plane, they come closest to the solar type III bursts, but with much shorter spectral spans and flux densities, so much so that they are not detectable with the usual swept frequency radio spectrographs. These features occur at rates of many thousand features per hour in the 30.72 MHz MWA bandwidth, and hence necessarily require an automated approach to determine robust statistical estimates of their properties, e.g., distributions of spectral widths, temporal spans, flux densities, slopes in the time-frequency plane and distribution over frequency. To achieve this, a wavelet decomposition approach has been developed for feature recognition and subsequent parameter extraction from the MWA dynamic spectrum. This work builds on earlier work by the members of this team to achieve a reliable flux calibration in a computationally efficient manner. Preliminary results show that the distribution of spectral span of these features peaks around 3 MHz, most of them last for less than two seconds and are characterized by flux densities of about 60% of the background solar emission. In analogy with the solar type III bursts, this non-thermal emission is envisaged to arise via coherent emission processes. There is also an exciting possibility that these features might correspond to radio signatures of nanoflares, hypothesized (Gold, 1964; Parker, 1972) to explain coronal heating.

  1. The low-energy plasma in the Jovian magnetosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Belcher, J. W.

    1983-01-01

    Burke and Franklin (1955) discovered radio emissions from Jupiter at 22.2 MHz. Subsequent observations established the strong control of the decametric emissions by the satellite Io. The Voyager encounters with Jupiter in 1979 have resulted in a dramatic increase in detailed knowledge of the plasma properties of the Jovian magnetosphere. The Io plasma torus is discussed, taking into account the Voyager plasma science experiment, positive-ion temperatures in the torus, electron distribution functions in the torus, elementary-charge concentrations in the torus, positive-ion composition in the torus, and plasma velocities in the torus. The Io flux tube is considered along with the middle magnetosphere and the outer magnetosphere. Attention is given to the sources of plasma, aspects of diffusive transport, questions of inertial loading, and the existence of nonazimuthal flow velocities in the middle magnetosphere.

  2. Natural radio emission of Jupiter as interferences for radar investigations of the icy satellites of Jupiter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cecconi, B.; Hess, S.; Hérique, A.; Santovito, M. R.; Santos-Costa, D.; Zarka, P.; Alberti, G.; Blankenship, D.; Bougeret, J. L.; Bruzzone, L.; Kofman, W.

    2011-10-01

    Radar instruments are part of the core payload of the two Europa Jupiter System Mission (EJSM) spacecraft: NASA-led Jupiter Europa Orbiter (JEO) and ESA-led Jupiter Ganymede Orbiter (JGO). At this point of the project, several frequency bands are under study for radar, which ranges between 5MHz and 50MHz. Part of this frequency range overlaps with that of the natural Jovian radio emissions, which are very intense in the decametric range, below 40 MHz. Radio observations above 40 MHz are free of interferences, whereas below this threshold, careful observation strategies have to be investigated. We present a review of spectral intensity, variability and sources of these radio emissions. As the radio emission are strongly beamed, it is possible to model the visibility of the radio emissions, as seen from the vicinity of Europa or Ganymede. We have investigated Io-related radio emissions as well as radio emissions related to the auroral oval. We also review the radiation belts synchrotron emission characteristics. We present radio sources visibility products (dynamic spectra and radio source location maps, on still frames or movies), which can be used for operation planning. This study clearly shows that a deep understanding of the natural radio emissions at Jupiter is necessary to prepare the future EJSM radar instrumentation. We show that this radio noise has to be taken into account very early in the observation planning and strategies for both JGO and JEO. We also point out possible synergies with RPW (Radio and Plasma Waves) instrumentations.

  3. Natural radio emission of Jupiter as interferences for radar investigations of the icy satellites of Jupiter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cecconi, B.; Hess, S.; Hérique, A.; Santovito, M. R.; Santos-Costa, D.; Zarka, P.; Alberti, G.; Blankenship, D.; Bougeret, J.-L.; Bruzzone, L.; Kofman, W.

    2012-02-01

    Radar instruments are part of the core payload of the two Europa Jupiter System Mission (EJSM) spacecraft: NASA-led Jupiter Europa Orbiter (JEO) and ESA-led Jupiter Ganymede Orbiter (JGO). At this point of the project, several frequency bands are under study for radar, which ranges between 5 and 50 MHz. Part of this frequency range overlaps with that of the natural jovian radio emissions, which are very intense in the decametric range, below 40 MHz. Radio observations above 40 MHz are free of interferences, whereas below this threshold, careful observation strategies have to be investigated. We present a review of spectral intensity, variability and sources of these radio emissions. As the radio emissions are strongly beamed, it is possible to model the visibility of the radio emissions, as seen from the vicinity of Europa or Ganymede. We have investigated Io-related radio emissions as well as radio emissions related to the auroral oval. We also review the radiation belts synchrotron emission characteristics. We present radio sources visibility products (dynamic spectra and radio source location maps, on still frames or movies), which can be used for operation planning. This study clearly shows that a deep understanding of the natural radio emissions at Jupiter is necessary to prepare the future EJSM radar instrumentation. We show that this radio noise has to be taken into account very early in the observation planning and strategies for both JGO and JEO. We also point out possible synergies with RPW (Radio and Plasma Waves) instrumentations.

  4. Radio emission from the nova-like variable AC Cancri and the symbiotic variable AG Draconis

    SciTech Connect

    Torbett, M.V.; Campbell, B.

    1987-07-01

    Radio emission at 6 cm has been detected from the nova-like cataclysmic variable AC Cnc and the symbiotic variable AG Dra. The AC Cnc observation constitutes the first radio detection in this class of objects. The AG Dra source is probably resolved and appears to show asymmetric, extended structure. The radio emission can best be explained by thermal bremsstrahlung. 26 references.

  5. Pulsed Radio Emission from PSR J1119-6127 re-activated

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burgay, M.; Possenti, A.; Kerr, M.; Esposito, P.; Rea, N.; Zelati, F. Coti; Israel, G. L.; Johnston, S.

    2016-08-01

    Prompted by the disappearance of the pulsed radio emission from the known pulsar PSR J1119-6127 (Burgay et al., Atel #9286; Majid et al. Atel #9321), we have undertaken a program at the Parkes radio telescope to investigate any further evolution of the radio emission from the neutron star.

  6. Modelling of radio emission from cosmic ray air showers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ludwig, Marianne

    2011-06-01

    Cosmic rays entering the Earth's atmosphere induce extensive air showers consisting of up to billions of secondary particles. Among them, a multitude of electrons and positrons are generated. These get deflected in the Earth's magnetic field, creating time-varying transverse currents. Thereby, the air shower emits coherent radiation in the MHz frequency range measured by radio antenna arrays on the ground such as LOPES at the KIT. This detection method provides a possibility to study cosmic rays with energies above 1017 eV. At this time, the radio technique undergoes the change from prototype experiments to large scale application. Thus, a detailed understanding of the radio emission process is needed more than ever. Before starting this work, different models made conflicting predictions on the pulse shape and the amplitude of the radio signal. It turned out that a radiation component caused by the variation of the number of charged particles within the air shower was missed in several models. The Monte Carlo code REAS2 superposing the radiation of the individual air shower electrons and positrons was one of those. At this time, it was not known how to take the missing component into account. For REAS3, we developed and implemented the endpoint formalism, a universal approach, to calculate the radiation from each single particle. For the first time, we achieve a good agreement between REAS3 and MGMR, an independent and completely different simulation approach. In contrast to REAS3, MGMR is based on a macroscopic approach and on parametrisations of the air shower. We studied the differences in the underlying air shower models to explain the remaining deviations. For comparisons with LOPES data, we developed a new method which allows "top-down" simulations of air showers. From this, we developed an air shower selection criterion based on the number of muons measured with KASCADE to take shower-to-shower fluctuations for a single event analysis into account. With

  7. RADIO EMISSION FROM RED-GIANT HOT JUPITERS

    SciTech Connect

    Fujii, Yuka; Spiegel, David S.; Mroczkowski, Tony; Nordhaus, Jason; Zimmerman, Neil T.; Parsons, Aaron R.; Mirbabayi, Mehrdad; Madhusudhan, Nikku

    2016-04-01

    When planet-hosting stars evolve off the main sequence and go through the red-giant branch, the stars become orders of magnitudes more luminous and, at the same time, lose mass at much higher rates than their main-sequence counterparts. Accordingly, if planetary companions exist around these stars at orbital distances of a few au, they will be heated up to the level of canonical hot Jupiters and also be subjected to a dense stellar wind. Given that magnetized planets interacting with stellar winds emit radio waves, such “Red-Giant Hot Jupiters” (RGHJs) may also be candidate radio emitters. We estimate the spectral auroral radio intensity of RGHJs based on the empirical relation with the stellar wind as well as a proposed scaling for planetary magnetic fields. RGHJs might be intrinsically as bright as or brighter than canonical hot Jupiters and about 100 times brighter than equivalent objects around main-sequence stars. We examine the capabilities of low-frequency radio observatories to detect this emission and find that the signal from an RGHJ may be detectable at distances up to a few hundred parsecs with the Square Kilometer Array.

  8. Radio Emission from Red-Giant Hot Jupiters

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fujii, Yuka; Spiegel, David S.; Mroczkowski, Tony; Nordhaus, Jason; Zimmerman, Neil T.; Parsons, Aaron R.; Mirbabayi, Mehrdad; Madhusudhan, Nikku

    2016-01-01

    When planet-hosting stars evolve off the main sequence and go through the red-giant branch, the stars become orders of magnitudes more luminous and, at the same time, lose mass at much higher rates than their main sequence counterparts. Accordingly, if planetary companions exist around these stars at orbital distances of a few au, they will be heated up to the level of canonical hot Jupiters and also be subjected to a dense stellar wind. Given that magnetized planets interacting with stellar winds emit radio waves, such "Red-Giant Hot Jupiters" (RGHJs) may also be candidate radio emitters. We estimate the spectral auroral radio intensity of RGHJs based on the empirical relation with the stellar wind as well as a proposed scaling for planetary magnetic fields. RGHJs might be intrinsically as bright as or brighter than canonical hot Jupiters and about 100 times brighter than equivalent objects around main-sequence stars. We examine the capabilities of low-frequency radio observatories to detect this emission and find that the signal from an RGHJ may be detectable at distances up to a few hundred parsecs with the Square Kilometer Array.

  9. Radio Emission from Red-Giant Hot Jupiters

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fujii, Yuka; Spiegel, David S.; Mroczkowski, Tony; Nordhaus, Jason; Zimmerman, Neil T.; Parsons, Aaron R.; Mirbabayi, Mehrdad; Madhusudhan, Nikku

    2016-01-01

    When planet-hosting stars evolve off the main sequence and go through the red-giant branch, the stars become orders of magnitudes more luminous and, at the same time, lose mass at much higher rates than their main sequence counterparts. Accordingly, if planetary companions exist around these stars at orbital distances of a few au, they will be heated up to the level of canonical hot Jupiters and also be subjected to a dense stellar wind. Given that magnetized planets interacting with stellar winds emit radio waves, such "Red-Giant Hot Jupiters" (RGHJs) may also be candidate radio emitters. We estimate the spectral auroral radio intensity of RGHJs based on the empirical relation with the stellar wind as well as a proposed scaling for planetary magnetic fields. RGHJs might be intrinsically as bright as or brighter than canonical hot Jupiters and about 100 times brighter than equivalent objects around main-sequence stars. We examine the capabilities of low-frequency radio observatories to detect this emission and find that the signal from an RGHJ may be detectable at distances up to a few hundred parsecs with the Square Kilometer Array.

  10. Radio Emission from Red-giant Hot Jupiters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fujii, Yuka; Spiegel, David S.; Mroczkowski, Tony; Nordhaus, Jason; Zimmerman, Neil T.; Parsons, Aaron R.; Mirbabayi, Mehrdad; Madhusudhan, Nikku

    2016-04-01

    When planet-hosting stars evolve off the main sequence and go through the red-giant branch, the stars become orders of magnitudes more luminous and, at the same time, lose mass at much higher rates than their main-sequence counterparts. Accordingly, if planetary companions exist around these stars at orbital distances of a few au, they will be heated up to the level of canonical hot Jupiters and also be subjected to a dense stellar wind. Given that magnetized planets interacting with stellar winds emit radio waves, such “Red-Giant Hot Jupiters” (RGHJs) may also be candidate radio emitters. We estimate the spectral auroral radio intensity of RGHJs based on the empirical relation with the stellar wind as well as a proposed scaling for planetary magnetic fields. RGHJs might be intrinsically as bright as or brighter than canonical hot Jupiters and about 100 times brighter than equivalent objects around main-sequence stars. We examine the capabilities of low-frequency radio observatories to detect this emission and find that the signal from an RGHJ may be detectable at distances up to a few hundred parsecs with the Square Kilometer Array.

  11. EMISSION PATTERNS AND LIGHT CURVES OF GAMMA RAYS IN THE PULSAR MAGNETOSPHERE WITH A CURRENT-INDUCED MAGNETIC FIELD

    SciTech Connect

    Li, X.; Zhang, L.

    2011-12-20

    We study the emission patterns and light curves of gamma rays in the pulsar magnetosphere with a current-induced magnetic field perturbation. Based on the solution of a static dipole with the magnetic field induced by some currents (perturbation field), we derive the solutions of a static as well as a retarded dipole with the perturbation field in the Cartesian coordinates. The static (retarded) magnetic field can be expressed as the sum of the pure static (retarded) dipolar magnetic field and the static (retarded) perturbation field. We use the solution of the retarded magnetic field to investigate the influence of the perturbation field on the emission patterns and light curves, and apply the perturbed solutions to calculate the gamma-ray light curves for the case of the Vela pulsar. We find that the perturbation field induced by the currents will change the emission patterns and then the light curves of gamma rays, especially for a larger perturbation field. Our results indicate that the perturbation field created by the outward-flowing (inward-flowing) electrons (positrons) can decrease the rotation effect on the magnetosphere and makes emission pattern appear to be smoother relative to that of the pure retarded dipole, but the perturbation field created by the outward-flowing (inward-flowing) positrons (electrons) can make the emission pattern less smooth.

  12. Low-frequency radio emissions in the outer heliosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Macek, W. M.; Cairns, I. H.; Kurth, W. S.; Gurnett, D. A.

    1991-01-01

    Progress is reported toward a model for the 2 and 3 kHz radio waves observed by Voyagers 1 and 2 during the 1983-1987 interval at radial distances from the sun of 17 and 13 AU, respectively. The brightness temperature and range of the volume emissivity for the radiation are calculated, and the results are compared with the characteristics of known radiation at multiples of the plasma frequency. The derived brightness temperatures are used to constrain the source of the Langmuir waves required to generate the observed emission and to rule out certain emission mechanisms. Minimum values of 3-30 micro-V/m are derived for the Langmuir wave electric field intensity and are found to be in reasonable agreement with observed values at planetary bow shocks. Path lengths required for the radiation to reach the observed levels are derived and discussed. The relevance of these ideas to possible direct observations of heliospheric boundaries is addressed.

  13. Sporadic radio emission of the Sun in the decametre range

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Melnik, Valentin N.; Konovalenko, Alexander A.; Rucker, Helmut O.; Lecacheux, Alain

    2007-08-01

    Results of the last observations of solar sporadic radio emission at the UTR-2 radio telescope (Kharkov, Ukraine) at the frequencies 10 - 30 MHz are presented. The use of new backend facilities, the DSP and 60-channel spectrometer, allows us to obtain data with time resolution up to 2 ms and frequency resolution of 12 kHz in the continuous frequency band 12 MHz. Usual Type III bursts, Type IIIb bursts, U- and J-bursts in the decameter range are discussed. Special attention is paid to detection and analysis of Type II bursts and their properties, newly discovered fine time structures of Type III bursts, Type III-like bursts, s-bursts, new observational features of drift pair bursts, and ‘absorption’ bursts.

  14. Sporadic Radio Emission of the Sun in the Decameter Range

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mel'Nik, V. N.; Konovalenko, A. A.; Rucker, H. O.; Lecacheux, A.

    2006-08-01

    Results of the last observations of solar sporadic radio emission on the UTR-2 radio telescope (Kharkov, Ukraine) at the frequencies 10-30MHz are presented. Using of new back-end facilities, the DSP and 60-channel spectrometer, allows obtaining data with time resolution up to 2 ms and frequency resolution 12 kHz in the continuous frequency band 12MHz. Usual Type III bursts, type III-b bursts, U- and J- bursts in the decameter range are discussed. Especial attention is paid to detection and analysis of Type II bursts and their properties, first found fine time structures of Type III bursts, Type III-like bursts, s-bursts, new observational features of drift pair bursts, "absorption" burst.

  15. Rotational modulation of Saturn's radio emissions after equinox

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ye, Shengyi; Fischer, Georg; Kurth, William; Gurnett, Donald

    2016-04-01

    The modulation rate of Saturn kilometric radiation (SKR), originally thought to be constant, was found to vary with time by comparing the Voyager and Ulysses observations. More recently, Cassini RPWS observations of SKR revealed two different modulation rates, one associated with each hemisphere of Saturn, and it was proposed that the rotation rates are subject to seasonal change. The almost continuous observations of SKR, Saturn narrowband emission, and auroral hiss by RPWS provide a good method of tracking the rotation rates of the planet's magnetosphere. We will show that the rotation rate of the northern SKR is slower than that of the southern SKR in 2015. Auroral hiss provides another unambiguous method of tracking the rotation signals from each hemisphere because the whistler mode wave cannot cross the equator. Rotation rates of auroral hiss are shown to agree with those of SKR when both are observed at high latitudes. The dual rotation rates of 5 kHz narrowband emissions reappeared after a long break since equinox and they agree with those of auroral hiss in 2013.

  16. Current Sheets in Pulsar Magnetospheres and Winds: Particle Acceleration and Pulsed Gamma Ray Emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arons, Jonathan

    The research proposed addresses understanding of the origin of non-thermal energy in the Universe, a subject beginning with the discovery of Cosmic Rays and continues, including the study of relativistic compact objects - neutron stars and black holes. Observed Rotation Powered Pulsars (RPPs) have rotational energy loss implying they have TeraGauss magnetic fields and electric potentials as large as 40 PetaVolts. The rotational energy lost is reprocessed into particles which manifest themselves in high energy gamma ray photon emission (GeV to TeV). Observations of pulsars from the FERMI Gamma Ray Observatory, launched into orbit in 2008, have revealed 130 of these stars (and still counting), thus demonstrating the presence of efficient cosmic accelerators within the strongly magnetized regions surrounding the rotating neutron stars. Understanding the physics of these and other Cosmic Accelerators is a major goal of astrophysical research. A new model for particle acceleration in the current sheets separating the closed and open field line regions of pulsars' magnetospheres, and separating regions of opposite magnetization in the relativistic winds emerging from those magnetopsheres, will be developed. The currents established in recent global models of the magnetosphere will be used as input to a magnetic field aligned acceleration model that takes account of the current carrying particles' inertia, generalizing models of the terrestrial aurora to the relativistic regime. The results will be applied to the spectacular new results from the FERMI gamma ray observatory on gamma ray pulsars, to probe the physics of the generation of the relativistic wind that carries rotational energy away from the compact stars, illuminating the whole problem of how compact objects can energize their surroundings. The work to be performed if this proposal is funded involves extending and developing concepts from plasma physics on dissipation of magnetic energy in thin sheets of

  17. Ground and space observations of medium frequency auroral radio emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Broughton, Matthew C.

    The auroral zone is a rich source of natural radio emissions that can be observed in space and at ground-level. By studying these waves, scientists can gain insight into the plasma processes that generate them and use the near-Earth space environment as a large-scale plasma physics laboratory. This thesis uses both ground-level and in situ observations to study two kinds of natural radio emissions. First, we report observations of a new kind of auroral radio emission. The waves have frequencies ranging from 1.3-2.2 MHz, bandwidths ranging from 90-272 kHz, and durations ranging from 16-355 s. Spectral analysis of the waveform data has revealed that the emission has a complex combination of at least three kinds of fine structures. For model auroral electron distributions, calculations indicate that Langmuir waves could be excited at frequencies consistent with observations. The remainder of the thesis discusses auroral medium frequency (MF) burst, an impulsive, broadband natural radio emission observed at ground-level within a few minutes of local substorm onset. LaBelle [2011] proposed that MF burst originates as Langmuir/Z-mode waves on the topside of the ionosphere that subsequently mode convert to L-mode waves and propagate to ground-level. Using continuous waveform measurements and combined observations with the Sondrestrom Incoherent Scatter Radar, we have performed two tests of this mechanism. The results of these tests are consistent with the mechanism described in LaBelle [2011]. A survey of 8,624 half-orbits of the DEMETER spacecraft has revealed 68 observations of bursty MF waves. We have compared the wave properties of these waves to those of MF burst and have found that although it is uncertain, the balance of the evidence suggests that the bursty MF waves observed with DEMETER are the same phenomenon as the ground-level MF burst. Finally, we have used numerical simulations to model both the fine structure of MF burst and to estimate the attenuation the

  18. QUASI-QUIESCENT RADIO EMISSION FROM THE FIRST RADIO-EMITTING T DWARF

    SciTech Connect

    Williams, Peter K. G.; Berger, Edo; Zauderer, B. Ashley

    2013-04-20

    Radio detections of ultracool dwarfs provide insight into their magnetic fields and the dynamos that maintain them, especially at the very bottom of the main sequence, where other activity indicators dramatically weaken. Until recently, radio emission was only detected in the M and L dwarf regimes, but this has changed with the Arecibo detection of rapid polarized flares from the T6.5 dwarf 2MASS J10475385+2124234. Here, we report the detection of quasi-quiescent radio emission from this source at 5.8 GHz using the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array. The spectral luminosity is L{sub {nu}} = (2.2 {+-} 0.7) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} erg s{sup -1} Hz{sup -1}, a factor of {approx}100 times fainter than the Arecibo flares. Our detection is the lowest luminosity yet achieved for an ultracool dwarf. Although the emission is fully consistent with being steady, unpolarized, and broad band, we find tantalizing hints for variability. We exclude the presence of short-duration flares as seen by Arecibo, although this is not unexpected given estimates of the duty cycle. Follow-up observations of this object will offer the potential to constrain its rotation period, electron density, and the strength and configuration of the magnetic field. Equally important, follow-up observations will address the question of whether the electron cyclotron maser instability, which is thought to produce the flares seen by Arecibo, also operates in the very different parameter regime of the emission we detect, or whether instead this ultracool dwarf exhibits both maser and gyrosynchrotron radiation, potentially originating from substantially different locations.

  19. Chromospheric evaporation and decimetric radio emission in solar flares

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Aschwanden, Markus J.; Benz, Arnold O.

    1995-01-01

    We have discovered decimetric signatures of the chromospheric evaporation process. Evidence for the radio detection of chromospheric evaporation is based on the radio-inferred values of (1) the electron density, (2) the propagation speed, and (3) the timing, which are found to be in good agreement with statistical values inferred from the blueshifted Ca XIX soft X-ray line. The physical basis of our model is that free-free absorption of plasma emission is strongly modified by the steep density gradient and the large temperature increase in the upflowing flare plasma. The steplike density increase at the chromospheric evaporation front causes a local discontinuity in the plasma frequency, manifested as almost infinite drift rate in decimetric type III bursts. The large temperature increase of the upflowing plasma considerably reduces the local free-free opacity (due to the T(exp -3/2) dependence) and thus enhances the brightness of radio bursts emitted at the local plasma frequency near the chromospheric evaporation front, while a high-frequency cutoff is expected in the high-density regions behind the front, which can be used to infer the velocity of the upflowing plasma. From model calculations we find strong evidence that decimetric bursts with a slowly drifting high-frequency cutoff are produced by fundamental plasma emission, contrary to the widespread belief that decimetric bursts are preferentially emitted at the harmonic plasma level. We analyze 21 flare episodes from 1991-1993 for which broadband (100-3000 MHz) radio dynamic spectra from Pheonix, hard X-ray data from (BATSE/CGRO) and soft X-ray data from Burst and Transient Source Experiment/Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (GOES) were available.

  20. Dark Matter and Synchrotron Emission from Galactic Center Radio Filaments

    SciTech Connect

    Linden, Tim; Hooper, Dan; Yusef-Zadeh, Farhad

    2011-11-10

    The inner degrees of the Galactic center contain a large population of filamentary structures observed at radio frequencies. These so-called non-thermal radio filaments (NRFs) trace magnetic field lines and have attracted significant interest due to their hard (S_v ~ -0.1 +/- 0.4) synchrotron emission spectra. The origin of these filaments remains poorly understood. We show that the electrons and positrons created through the annihilations of a relatively light (~5-10 GeV) dark matter particle with the cross section predicted for a simple thermal relic can provide a compelling match to the intensity, spectral shape, and flux variation of the NRFs. Furthermore, the characteristics of the dark matter particle necessary to explain the synchrotron emission from the NRFs is consistent with those required to explain the excess gamma-ray emission observed from the Galactic center by the Fermi-LAT, as well as the direct detection signals observed by CoGeNT and DAMA/LIBRA.

  1. DARK MATTER AND SYNCHROTRON EMISSION FROM GALACTIC CENTER RADIO FILAMENTS

    SciTech Connect

    Linden, Tim; Hooper, Dan; Yusef-Zadeh, Farhad

    2011-11-10

    The inner degrees of the Galactic center contain a large population of filamentary structures observed at radio frequencies. These so-called non-thermal radio filaments (NRFs) trace magnetic field lines and have attracted significant interest due to their hard (S{sub v} {proportional_to}{nu}{sup -0.1{+-}0.4}) synchrotron emission spectra. The origin of these filaments remains poorly understood. We show that the electrons and positrons created through the annihilations of a relatively light ({approx}5-10 GeV) dark matter particle with the cross section predicted for a simple thermal relic can provide a compelling match to the intensity, spectral shape, and flux variation of the NRFs. Furthermore, the characteristics of the dark matter particle necessary to explain the synchrotron emission from the NRFs are consistent with those required to explain the excess {gamma}-ray emission observed from the Galactic center by the Fermi Large Area Telescope, as well as the direct detection signals observed by CoGeNT and DAMA/LIBRA.

  2. STUDY OF CALIBRATION OF SOLAR RADIO SPECTROMETERS AND THE QUIET-SUN RADIO EMISSION

    SciTech Connect

    Tan, Chengming; Yan, Yihua; Tan, Baolin; Fu, Qijun; Liu, Yuying; Xu, Guirong

    2015-07-20

    This work presents a systematic investigation of the influence of weather conditions on the calibration errors by using Gaussian fitness, least chi-square linear fitness, and wavelet transform to analyze the calibration coefficients from observations of the Chinese Solar Broadband Radio Spectrometers (at frequency bands of 1.0–2.0 GHz, 2.6–3.8 GHz, and 5.2–7.6 GHz) during 1997–2007. We found that calibration coefficients are influenced by the local air temperature. Considering the temperature correction, the calibration error will reduce by about 10%–20% at 2800 MHz. Based on the above investigation and the calibration corrections, we further study the radio emission of the quiet Sun by using an appropriate hybrid model of the quiet-Sun atmosphere. The results indicate that the numerical flux of the hybrid model is much closer to the observation flux than that of other ones.

  3. Theory of Type 3 and Type 2 Solar Radio Emissions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Robinson, P. A.; Cairns, I. H.

    2000-01-01

    The main features of some current theories of type III and type II bursts are outlined. Among the most common solar radio bursts, type III bursts are produced at frequencies of 10 kHz to a few GHz when electron beams are ejected from solar active regions, entering the corona and solar wind at typical speeds of 0.1c. These beams provide energy to generate Langmuir waves via a streaming instability. In the current stochastic-growth theory, Langmuir waves grow in clumps associated with random low-frequency density fluctuations, leading to the observed spiky waves. Nonlinear wave-wave interactions then lead to secondary emission of observable radio waves near the fundamental and harmonic of the plasma frequency. Subsequent scattering processes modify the dynamic radio spectra, while back-reaction of Langmuir waves on the beam causes it to fluctuate about a state of marginal stability. Theories based on these ideas can account for the observed properties of type III bursts, including the in situ waves and the dynamic spectra of the radiation. Type 11 bursts are associated with shock waves propagating through the corona and interplanetary space and radiating from roughly 30 kHz to 1 GHz. Their basic emission mechanisms are believed to be similar to those of type III events and radiation from Earth's foreshock. However, several sub-classes of type II bursts may exist with different source regions and detailed characteristics. Theoretical models for type II bursts are briefly reviewed, focusing on a model with emission from a foreshock region upstream of the shock for which observational evidence has just been reported.

  4. Solar radio emissions: 2D full PIC simulations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pierre, H.; Sgattoni, A.; Briand, C.; Amiranoff, F.; Riconda, C.

    2016-12-01

    Solar radio emissions are electromagnetic waves observed at the local plasma frequency and/or at twice the plasma frequency. To describe their origin a multi-stage model has been proposed by Ginzburg & Zhelezniakov (1958) and further developed by several authors, which consider a succession of non-linear three-wave interaction processes. Electron beams accelerated by solar flares travel in the interplanetary plasma and provide the free energy for the development of plasma instabilities. The model describes how part of the free energy of these beams can be transformed in a succession of plasma waves and eventually into electromagnetic waves. Following the work of Thurgood & Tsiklauri (2015) we performed several 2D Particle In Cell simulations. The simulations follow the entire set of processes from the electron beam propagation in the background plasma to the generation of the electromagnetic waves in particular the 2ωp emission, including the excitation of the low frequency waves. As suggested by Thurgood & Tsiklauri (2015) it is possible to identify regimes where the radiation emission can be directly linked to the electron beams. Our attention was devoted to estimate the conversion efficiency from electron kinetic energy to the em energy, and the growth rate of the several processes which can be identified. We studied the emission angles of the 2ωpradiation and compared them with the theoretical predictions of Willes et. al. (1995). We also show the role played by some numerical parameters i.e. the size and shape of the simulation box. This work is the first step to prepare laser-plasma experiments. V. L. Ginzburg, V. V. Zhelezniakov On the Possible Mechanisms of Sporadic Solar Radio Emission (Radiation in an Isotropic Plasma) Soviet Astronomy, Vol. 2, p.653 (1958) J. O. Thurgood and D. Tsiklauri Self-consistent particle-in-cell simulations of funda- mental and harmonic plasma radio emission mechanisms. Astronomy & Astrophysics 584, A83 (2015). A. Willes, P

  5. Planetary radio emissions from low magnetic latitudes - Observations and theories

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jones, Dyfrig

    Recent observations of planetary radiations from low magnetic latitudes are reviewed. At Earth a major source of nonthermal continuum is Terrestrial Myriametric Radiation (TMR) from the equatorial plasmapause and from the magnetopause. The theories proposed for the production of TMR are listed and their predictions are compared with satellite observations. The application of the theories to Jovian Kilometric Radiation (KOM), the radio emission at Jupiter which has been suggested to be the analogue of TMR, is reviewed. The implications of the TMR and KOM results for radiations observed at Saturn and Uranus are briefly considered.

  6. Correlation of pulsar radio emission spectrum with peculiarities of particle acceleration in a polar gap

    SciTech Connect

    Kontorovich, V. M. Flanchik, A. B.

    2013-01-15

    The analytical expression for the frequency of radio emission intensity maximum in pulsars with free electron emission from the stellar surface has been found. Peculiarities of the electron acceleration in a polar gap are considered. The correlation between the high-frequency cutoff and low-frequency turnover in the radio emission spectrum of pulsars known from observations has been explained.

  7. On the Magnetospheric Engine Behind Kilometric Radiation at Earth and Saturn

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brandt, Pontus; Mitchell, Donald

    2014-05-01

    The planets of the solar system display a range of different space environments and solar interaction regimes, from non/weakly magnetized, to magnetized with convective- versus rotation-dominated magnetospheres. All magnetized planets with an appreciable magnetosphere are immersed in a dynamic energetic particle (hot plasma), as well as cold plasma, environment. These five planetary magnetospheres (Earth, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune) are also significant emitters of low-frequency radio waves that are consistent with a cyclotron-maser instability set up in a field-aligned current region. Radio observations in the <200 MHz range is so far the only technique that shows promise to provide constraints on the magnetospheric processes of exoplanets and their stellar-wind interaction. The thrust of this presentation is therefore to understand the relation between radio emissions and magnetospheric acceleration processes in our own solar system as a laboratory to determine what remote radio observations of exoplanets may tell us about magnetospheric processes. Terrestrial Auroral Kilometric Radiation (AKR) emissions in the ~30-800 kHz range have long been known to be associated with auroral intensifications and magnetospheric substorms. In a similar fashion, recent remote imaging using Energetic Neutral Atoms (ENAs) obtained by the Cassini mission have revealed that the periodic Saturn Kilometric Radiation (SKR) emission from Saturn's high-latitude magnetosphere is highly correlated with simultaneous large-scale injections of energetic particles in the night side magnetosphere. These observations imply that the engine behind the AKR and SKR is current system associated with the planet ward fast plasma flows during an injection and/or the resulting plasma pressure gradients of the heated plasma.

  8. New data of radio emission from three AXPs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Teplykh, Daria

    2011-07-01

    Anomalous X-ray pulsars (AXPs) are a group of 9 X-ray sources showing periodical pulsation at periods in the 2-12 s range. The main problem is the source of energy, because their X-ray luminosities much higher than can be provided by the rotational kinetic-energy losses. Many attempts have been made to detect radio emission. The first detection of periodical pulsations from the AXP 1E 2259+586 have been made at the frequency 111 MHz by Malofeev (Malofeev et al., 2001, 2005). The second transient AXP XTE J1810-197 and the third AXP candidate 1E1547.0-5408 (Camilo et al., 2006, 2007) have been detected in the large frequency band 0.69-42 GHz. In this report we present new data for three AXPs 1E 2259+586, 4U 0142+61 and XTE J1810-197 at low frequencies. The observations were carried out on two sensitive transit radio telescopes in the range 42-112 MHz. The flux densities and mean pulse profiles, the estimation of the distances and integrated radio luminosities are presented. We used new digital receivers to obtain pulse profiles and dynamic spectra. Comparison with X-ray data shows large differences in the mean pulse widths and luminosities.

  9. A Searchlight Beam Model of Jupiter's Decametric Radio Emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Imai, K.; Garcia, L.; Reyes, F.; Imai, M.; Thieman, J. R.; Ikuta, M.

    2008-12-01

    It has long been recognized that there is a marked long-term periodic variation in Jupiter's integrated radio occurrence probability. The period of the variation is on the order of a decade. Carr et al. [1970] showed that such variations are much more closely correlated with Jovicentric declination of the Earth (De). The range of the smoothed variation of De is from approximately +3.3 to -3.3 degrees. This De effect was extensively studied and confirmed by Garcia [1996]. It shows that the occurrence probability of the non-Io-A source is clearly controlled by De at 18, 20, and 22 MHz during the 1957-1994 apparitions. We propose a new model to explain the De effect. This new model shows that the beam structure of Jupiter radio emissions, which has been thought of like a hollow-cone, has a narrow beam like a searchlight, which can be explained by assuming that the three dimensional shape of the radio source expands along the line of the magnetic field. Various computer graphics illustrate the concept of this searchlight beam model.

  10. Radio continuum and far-infrared emission of spiral galaxies: Implications of correlations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rengarajan, T. N.; Iyengar, K. V. K.

    1990-01-01

    Researchers present a study extending the correlation seen between radio continuum and far-infrared emissions from spiral galaxies to a lower frequency of 408 MHz and also as a function of radio spectral index. The tight correlation seen between the two luminosities is then used to constrain several parameters governing the emissions such as the changes in star formation rate and mass function, frequency of supernovae that are parents of the interstellar electrons and factors governing synchrotron radio emission.

  11. Is the Enigma of Pulsar Radio Emission Solved?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gil, Janusz A.; Melikidze, George I.

    2011-08-01

    An intriguing paper has recently been published claiming that the long-sought Rosetta Stone needed to decipher the nature of pulsar radio emission has been finally identified as the bifurcated features in averaged pulsar profiles. The authors argued that highly symmetric bifurcated features observed in PSR J1012+5307 and other pulsars are produced by a split-fan beams of extraordinary-mode curvature radiation emitted by thin streams of sources conducted by a very narrow bundles of magnetic field lines. We examined the arguments leading to such a profound conclusion and found at least one fatal flaw. Using an elementary pulsar physics we showed that there is not enough energy to power the bifurcated feature in J1012+5307 within a split-fan beams model. If the source streams are indeed so thin that their emission can reveal the signatures of elementary radiation mechanism, then the energy deficit reaches several orders of magnitude.

  12. Chromospheric Evaporation and Decimetric Radio Emission in Solar Flares

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Aschwanden, Markus J.; Benz, Arnold O.

    1995-01-01

    We have discovered decimetric signatures of the chromospheric evaporation process. Evidence for the radio detection of chromospheric evaporation is based on the radio-inferred values of (1) the electron density, (2) the propagation speed, and (3) the timing, which are found to be in good agreement with statistical values inferred from the blueshifted Ca xix soft X-ray line. The physical basis of our model is that free-free absorption of plasma emission is strongly modified by the steep density gradient and the large temperature increase in the upflowing flare plasma. The steplike density increase at the chromospheric evaporation front causes a local discontinuity in the plasma frequency, manifested as almost infinite drift rate in decimetric type III bursts. The large temperature increase of the upflowing plasma considerably reduces the local free-free opacity (due to the T-(exp -3/2) dependence) and thus enhances the brightness of radio bursts emitted at the local plasma frequency near the chromospheric evaporation front, while a high-frequency cutoff is expected in the high-density regions behind the front, which can be used to infer the velocity of the upflowing plasma. From model calculations we find strong evidence that decimetric bursts with a slowly drifting high-frequency cutoff are produced by fundamental plasma emission, contrary to the widespread belief that decimetric bursts are preferentially emitted at the harmonic plasma level. We analyzed 21 flare episodes from 1991-1993 for which broadband (100-3000 MHz) radio dynamic spectra from Phoenix, hard X-ray data from BATSE/CGRO, and soft X-ray data from GOES were available. We detected slowly drifting high-frequency cutoffs between 1.1 and 3.0 GHz, with drift rates of -41 +/- 32 MHz/s, extending over time intervals of 24 +/- 23 s. Developing a density model for type III-emitting flare loops based on the statistically observed drift rate of type III bursts by Alvarez & Haddock, we infer velocities of up to

  13. Radio emission of sea surface at centimeter wavelengths and is fluctuations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tseytlin, N. M.; Shutko, A. M.; Zhislin, G. M.

    1981-01-01

    The eigen thermal radio emission of the sea was examined as well as the agitated surface of the sea when the reflection (scattering) is similar in nature to diffused scattering. The contribution of this emission to the total emission of the sea is practically constant in time, and the time fluctuations of the radio emissions of the sea are basically determined only by a change in the eigen emission of the sea, connected with the agitation.

  14. Recent Observations of the Centimeter Radio Emission from the T Tauri System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnston, K. J.; Fey, A. L.; Gaume, R. A.; Claussen, M. J.; Hummel, C. A.

    2004-08-01

    Observations of the centimeter radio emission of T Tau in 2003 June are consistent with the radio source T Tau N being coincident with the optical star (T Tau A) and its radio emission due predominately to a stellar wind. The absolute position of radio source T Tau N shows acceleration in declination, which confirms it is gravitationally bound to T Tau B. The emission from the radio source T Tau S is associated with but may not be coincident with the pre-main-sequence M star (T Tau Bb) in the T Tau B binary. An orbital fit to the IR and radio data, adopting a distance of 140 pc, allows an estimate of the masses of 2.1 and 0.44 Msolar for the T Tau B binary system. The radio emission of T Tau S may be due to magnetic reconnections in the interbinary medium.

  15. Tracking the CME-driven shock wave on 2012 March 5 and radio triangulation of associated radio emission

    SciTech Connect

    Magdalenić, J.; Marqué, C.; Mierla, M.; Zhukov, A. N.; Rodriguez, L.; Krupar, V.; Maksimović, M.; Cecconi, B.

    2014-08-20

    We present a multiwavelength study of the 2012 March 5 solar eruptive event, with an emphasis on the radio triangulation of the associated radio bursts. The main points of the study are reconstruction of the propagation of shock waves driven by coronal mass ejections (CMEs) using radio observations and finding the relative positions of the CME, the CME-driven shock wave, and its radio signatures. For the first time, radio triangulation is applied to different types of radio bursts in the same event and performed in a detailed way using goniopolarimetric observations from STEREO/Waves and WIND/Waves spacecraft. The event on 2012 March 5 was associated with a X1.1 flare from the NOAA AR 1429 situated near the northeast limb, accompanied by a full halo CME and a radio event comprising long-lasting interplanetary type II radio bursts. The results of the three-dimensional reconstruction of the CME (using SOHO/LASCO, STEREO COR, and HI observations), and modeling with the ENLIL cone model suggest that the CME-driven shock wave arrived at 1 AU at about 12:00 UT on March 7 (as observed by SOHO/CELIAS). The results of radio triangulation show that the source of the type II radio burst was situated on the southern flank of the CME. We suggest that the interaction of the shock wave and a nearby coronal streamer resulted in the interplanetary type II radio emission.

  16. Sharing Planetary Radio Emission Dataset in the Virtual Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cecconi, B.; Hess, S.; Le Sidaner, P.; Coffre, A.; Thetas, E.; andre, N.

    2013-12-01

    In the double frame of the preparation of the ESA-led JUICE mission and the development of a planetary sciences virtual observatory (VO), we are proposing a new set of tools directed to data providers as well as users, in order to ease data sharing and discovery. We will focus on ground based planetary radio observations (thus mainly Jupiter radio emissions), trying for instance to enhance the temporal coverage of jovian decametric emission. The data service we will be using is EPN-TAP, a planetary science data access protocol developed by Europlanet/IDIS (Integrated and Distributed Information Service). This protocol is derived from IVOA (International Virtual Observatory Alliance) standards. The Jupiter Routine Observations from the Nançay Decameter Array are already shared on the planetary science VO using this protocol. We will first introduce the VO tools and concepts of interest for the planetary radioastronomy community. We will then present the various data formats now used for such data services, as well as their associated metadata. We will finally show various prototypical tools that make use of this shared datasets.

  17. In situ observations of medium frequency auroral radio emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Broughton, M.; Labelle, J. W.; Pfaff, R. F.; Parrot, M.; Yan, X.; Burchill, J. K.

    2013-12-01

    The auroral ionosphere is a region rich with plasma waves that can be studied both in space and on the ground. These waves may mediate energy exchange between particle populations and provide information about the local plasma properties and boundaries. Auroral medium frequency (MF) burst is an impulsive radio emission observed at ground-level from 1.3-4.5 MHz that is associated with local substorm onset. There have been two recent reports of impulsive, broadband, MF waves at high latitudes. Burchill and Pfaff [2005] reported observations from the FAST satellite of impulsive, broadband, MF and low frequency (LF) radio waves. Using data from the DEMETER satellite, Parrot et al. [2009] surveyed MF waves caused by lightning. This study did show a high-latitude population of MF waves. We investigate whether the waves observed by these two satellites are related to auroral MF burst. Using FAST satellite burst mode electric field data from high-latitude (> 60 degrees magnetic), low-altitude (< 1000 km) intervals of moderate to large geomagnetic activity (Kp > 3) from 1996-2002, we have found forty-four examples of impulsive MF waves, all of which are associated with impulsive LF waves. Although MF burst and the waves observed by FAST have similar spectral signatures, they have different magnetic local time dependencies, which suggests that they may be unrelated. A study of MF waves observed at high latitude by DEMETER is ongoing. In situ observations of MF burst could provide crucial information about this heretofore unexplained natural radio emission.

  18. Polarized radio emission from extensive air showers measured with LOFAR

    SciTech Connect

    Schellart, P.; Buitink, S.; Corstanje, A.; Enriquez, J.E.; Falcke, H.; Hörandel, J.R.; Krause, M.; Nelles, A.; Rachen, J.P.; Veen, S. ter; Thoudam, S.

    2014-10-01

    We present LOFAR measurements of radio emission from extensive air showers. We find that this emission is strongly polarized, with a median degree of polarization of nearly 99%, and that the angle between the polarization direction of the electric field and the Lorentz force acting on the particles, depends on the observer location in the shower plane. This can be understood as a superposition of the radially polarized charge-excess emission mechanism, first proposed by Askaryan and the geomagnetic emission mechanism proposed by Kahn and Lerche. We calculate the relative strengths of both contributions, as quantified by the charge-excess fraction, for 163 individual air showers. We find that the measured charge-excess fraction is higher for air showers arriving from closer to the zenith. Furthermore, the measured charge-excess fraction also increases with increasing observer distance from the air shower symmetry axis. The measured values range from (3.3± 1.0)% for very inclined air showers at 25 m to (20.3± 1.3)% for almost vertical showers at 225 m. Both dependencies are in qualitative agreement with theoretical predictions.

  19. Rotational modulation of Saturn's radio emissions after equinox

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ye, S.-Y.; Fischer, G.; Kurth, W. S.; Menietti, J. D.; Gurnett, D. A.

    2016-12-01

    Saturn kilometric radiation (SKR), narrowband emission, and auroral hiss are periodically modulated due to Saturn's rotation, and the periods were found to vary with time. We analyze Cassini observations of Saturn's radio emissions with the main focus on the four years 2012-2015. It is shown that the rotation rates of SKR north and south were different since mid-2012 with SKR north being faster until autumn 2013, followed by a 1 year interval of similar north and south rotation rates and phases, before the northern SKR component finally became slower than the southern SKR in late 2014. The dual rotation rates of 5 kHz narrowband emissions reappeared for slightly longer than 1 year after a long break since equinox. Auroral hiss provides an unambiguous way of tracking the rotation signals from each hemisphere because the whistler mode waves cannot cross the equator. Rotation rates of auroral hiss and narrowband emissions are consistent with each other and those of SKR when they are observed at high latitudes in early 2013. The phase difference between SKR and auroral hiss and the intensity of auroral hiss are local time dependent.

  20. Natural radio emission of Jupiter as interferences for radar investigations of the icy satellites of Jupiter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cecconi, B.; Hess, S.; Herique, A.; Santos-Costa, D.; Santovito, M.; Zarka, P. M.; Alberti, G.; Blankenship, D. D.; Bougeret, J. H.; Bruzzone, L.; Kofman, W. W.

    2010-12-01

    Radar instruments are part of the core payload of the two Europa Jupiter System Mission (EJSM) spacecraft: NASA- led Jupiter Europa Orbiter (JEO) and ESA-led Jupiter Ganymede Orbiter (JGO). At this point of the project, several frequency bands are foreseen for radar studies between 5MHz and 50MHz. While the high frequencies (above ˜40 MHz) are clean bands since natural jovian radio emissions show a high frequency cutoff at about 40 MHz, lower frequencies are right in the middle of the intense decametric (DAM) radio emissions. We present a review of spectral intensity, variability and sources of these radio emissions. As the radio emission are beamed, it is possible to model the visibility of the radio emissions, as seen from the vicinity of Europa or Ganymede. We have investigated Io-related radio emissions as well as radio emissions related to the auroral oval. One result from these simulations is that some portion of the orbit of Europa is clean from Non-Io DAM emissions above 22 MHz. We also review the radiation belts synchrotron emission characteristics. This study clearly shows that a deep understanding of the natural radio emissions at Jupiter is necessary to prepare the future EJSM radar instrumentation.

  1. "Enhanced" Ray Tracing Study of the Attenuation Lanes in Jupiter's Hectometric Radio Emission By Using Cassini Jupiter Encounter Data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Imai, M.; Lecacheux, A.

    2014-12-01

    Cassini Jupiter encounter, in the late 2000 and the early 2001, revealed persistent properties of Jovian hectometric (HOM) radiation, which is produced along auroral magnetic field lines in the polar regions of Jupiter. One of the unique properties - known as attenuation lanes (or so-called attenuation bands) - appears as a recurrent, well defined intensity extinction/enhancement feature in the HOM dynamic spectrum. It is believed that this phenomenon is the consequence of ray refraction from high-density medium - either (1) the field-aligned enhanced density along Io plasma torus or (2) Io plasma torus itself or both - in the course of radio propagation from the radio source to the observer. Many studies, mainly on case (1), have used standard ray-tracing technique, which cannot provide reliable information on transmitted radiation intensity. In this study, we have investigated case (2) by using an "enhanced" ray-tracing technique, in which a family of neighboring rays is simultaneously traced, allowing the physical intensity to be estimated along the ray path. We show the results of our ray-tracing computations and then suggest the most plausible scenario for the attenuation lanes phenomenon. More generally and from this example, we conclude that existing refracting plasma structures, encountered by radiation along its ray path through the planetary magnetosphere, might strongly affect, while not taken into account, the overall properties of the radio emission measured by a distant observer.

  2. Linking radio and gamma-ray emission in Ap Librae

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hervet, O.; Boisson, C.; Sol, H.

    2015-06-01

    Ap Lib is one of the rare low-synchrotron-peaked blazars detected so far at TeV energies. This type of source is not properly modelled by standard one-zone leptonic synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) emission scenarios. The aim of this paper is to study the relevance of additional components that should naturally occur in an SSC scenario for a better understanding of the emission mechanisms, especially at very high energies (VHE). We use simultaneous data from a multi-wavelength campaign of the Planck, Swift-UVOT, and Swift-XRT telescopes carried out in February 2010, as well as quasi-simultaneous data of WISE, Fermi, and HESS taken in 2010. The multi-lambda emission of Ap Lib is modelled by a blob-in-jet SSC scenario including the contribution of the base of the VLBI-extended jet, the radiative blob-jet interaction, the accretion disk, and its associated external photon field. We show that signatures of a strong parsec-scale jet and of an accretion disk emission are present in the spectral energy distribution. We can link the observational VLBI jet features from MOJAVE to parameters expected for a VHE-emitting blob accelerated near the jet base. The VHE emission appears to be dominated by the inverse-Compton effect of the blob relativistic electrons interacting with the jet synchrotron radiation. In this scenario, Ap Lib appears as an intermediate source between BL Lac objects and flat-spectrum radio quasars. Ap Lib could be a bright representative of a specific class of blazars, in which the parsec-scale jet luminosity is no more negligible compared to the blob and contributes to the high-energy emission through inverse-Compton processes.

  3. Two component model for X-ray emission of radio selected QSO's

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Isobe, T.; Feigelson, E. D.; Singh, K. P.; Kembhavi, A.

    1986-01-01

    Using a large database of radio, optical, and x ray luminosities of AGNs with survival analysis, it was found that the x ray emission of the radio selected quasars has two components. One is related to the optical luminosity and the other is related to the radio luminosity.

  4. Local Time Dependence of Jovian Radio Emissions Observed by Galileo

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Menietti, J. D.; Gurnett, D. A.; Kurth, W. S.; Groene, J. B.

    1999-01-01

    Galileo has been in orbit around Jupiter since December 1995. All the orbits are equatorial and elliptical, with apogees between 60 R(sub J) - 142 R(sub J) and perigees from 8 - 12 R(sub J). Since orbit injection, the plasma wave instrument (PWS) has been collecting data over specific intervals of each of the orbits at all local times and a range of different radial distances. We present the results of a survey of the data for the frequency range 300 kHz to 5.6 MHz, which includes the hectometric (HOM) and low-frequency decametric (DAM) emissions. The results indicate that both the HOM and DAM emission are more intense and occur more frequently in the midnight sector of Jupiter. This is in analogy to Earth and consistent with a magnetic substorm source for a portion of the radio emissions in this frequency range. Another peak in the power levels is observed on the Jovian dayside in the local time range 11 hrs < LT < 12 hrs. This peak does not have a terrestrial counterpart. We speculate that this dayside peak may be a result of sampling near perigee, but we cannot rule out the possibility that this is not the case.

  5. Analysis of Jovian decametric data: Study of radio emission mechanisms

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Staelin, D. H.

    1986-01-01

    Catalogues of approx. 200 decametric arcs and approx. 200 gaps between arcs were studied, in an effort to reconcile the data with predictions for the model wherein reflections of Io-induced currents each emit in a conical pattern and yield a distinct radio arc. The most recent interpretations of this data suggest that these Io-produced Alfven waves persist for at least one or two passages of Io, and that the emission cone half angles are approx. 40 to 90 deg., varying from arc to arc. Below 1.2 MHz it was discovered that Jupiter emits radiation strongly modulated in frequency with periods of approx. 200 kHz; this quasi-sinusoidal emission (MSA) can shift more than 180 deg. in phase over periods of 6 seconds, although these shifts are usually much smaller. MSA is not strongly correlated with the longitudes of Io or Jupiter, and typically occurs in patches covering approx. 500 kHz or more for periods of a few minutes. Furthermore, this modulation sometimes resembles a train of impulses in frequency with exponential decays toward high frequencies. Comparison of these results with the previous studies of V-shaped S-bursts is suggestive of an emission mechanism.

  6. Analysis of Jovian decametric data: Study of radio emission mechanisms

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Staelin, D. H.

    1986-01-01

    Catalogues of approx. 200 decametric arcs and approx. 200 gaps between arcs were studied, in an effort to reconcile the data with predictions for the model wherein reflections of Io-induced currents each emit in a conical pattern and yield a distinct radio arc. The most recent interpretations of this data suggest that these Io-produced Alfven waves persist for at least one or two passages of Io, and that the emission cone half angles are approx. 40 to 90 deg., varying from arc to arc. Below 1.2 MHz it was discovered that Jupiter emits radiation strongly modulated in frequency with periods of approx. 200 kHz; this quasi-sinusoidal emission (MSA) can shift more than 180 deg. in phase over periods of 6 seconds, although these shifts are usually much smaller. MSA is not strongly correlated with the longitudes of Io or Jupiter, and typically occurs in patches covering approx. 500 kHz or more for periods of a few minutes. Furthermore, this modulation sometimes resembles a train of impulses in frequency with exponential decays toward high frequencies. Comparison of these results with the previous studies of V-shaped S-bursts is suggestive of an emission mechanism.

  7. On the Variability of Radio Emission from MWC 349

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parihar, Prachi; Bartlett, C.; Pomerantz, B.; Strelnitski, V.

    2013-01-01

    We analyze the results of 15-year monitoring of millimeter radio emission from MWC 349 in hydrogen recombination α-lines and in continuum made on the 12-m and 10-m radio telescopes of Arizona Radio Observatory (ARO). Both the masing lines and the continuum show large intensity variations, up to a factor of a few, at various time scales, from days to years. Other line parameters vary more moderately. In the best studied double-peaked H30α line, both the width of the peaks and their radial velocities (relative to the systemic velocity) vary within ±10%.The narrowness of the peaks and the rate of their intensity variations indicate that the H30α maser is essentially unsaturated. The observed single case of short-time scale correlated variability of H30α and the optical Hα line (the latter monitored with the Maria Mitchell Obs.’s 24-inch CCD telescope) confirms this conclusion. The changes of the “red” (R) and “blue” (B) peaks correlate but to varying extent, which indicates the presence of both a variable central source of excitation and the independently varying local conditions in the portions of the circumstellar disk where the B and R masers are assumed to arise. The variability pattern and the computer calculations of hydrogen level populations under the putative conditions in the disk allow us to estimate the unsaturated gain of the maser as |τ| ≈ 3±1. The observed anti-correlation of the B and R radial velocities for H30α and H35α lines confirms a common variable central source of excitation and the location of the masers at opposite sides of a (quasi)-Keplerian disk. We acknowledge with gratitude the TAC and the technical staff of ARO for the allocated time and help with the observations. This project was supported by NSF/REU grant AST-0851892 and the Nantucket Maria Mitchell Association.

  8. Search for Neutrino Emission from Fast Radio Bursts with IceCube

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Donglian; Vandenbroucke, Justin; Fahey, Samuel; Kheirandish, Ali; IceCube Collaboration

    2017-01-01

    Fast radio bursts (FRBs) typically last a few milliseconds, and are thought to be of extragalactic origin due to their large dispersion measures. Since the discovery of FRBs in 2007 by the Parkes radio telescope, a multitude of radio telescopes have observed a total of 30 FRBs to date. Though there are various emerging models to explain such phenomena, the physics origin of FRBs is still a mystery. It is predicted that soft gamma-ray repeater (SGR) hyperflares could produce non-thermal millisecond radio outbursts from the relativistic magnetized explosions in the magnetospheres. With the volatility of strong magnetic fields, SGRs are also expected to be cosmic ray accelerators, which could produce TeV photons and neutrinos under the hadronic processes. We will present recent searches for coincident neutrinos with FRBs from IceCube. NSF

  9. Estimation of emission cone wall thickness of Jupiter's decametric radio emission using stereoscopic STEREO/WAVES observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Panchenko, M.; Rucker, H. O.

    2016-11-01

    Aims: Stereoscopic observations by the WAVES instrument onboard two STEREO spacecraft have been used with the aim of estimating wall thickness of an emission cone of Jovian decametric radio emission (DAM). Methods: Stereoscopic observations provided by STEREO-A and -B facilitate unambiguous recognition of the Jovian DAM in observed dynamic spectra as well as identification of its components (Io DAM or non-Io DAM). The dynamic spectra of radio emissions recorded by STEREO/WAVES have been analyzed using the method of cross-correlation of the radio dynamic spectra. Results: Altogether, 139 radio events, in particular 91 Io- and 48 non-Io-related radio events were observed. The averaged width of the emission cone wall for Io-DAM as well as for non-Io DAM is about 1.1° ± 0.2°. These results are in agreement with previous findings.

  10. THE ION-INDUCED CHARGE-EXCHANGE X-RAY EMISSION OF THE JOVIAN AURORAS: MAGNETOSPHERIC OR SOLAR WIND ORIGIN?

    SciTech Connect

    Hui Yawei; Schultz, David R.; Kharchenko, Vasili A.; Stancil, Phillip C.; Cravens, Thomas E.; Lisse, Carey M. E-mail: schultzd@ornl.gov E-mail: stancil@physast.uga.edu E-mail: carey.lisse@jhuapl.edu

    2009-09-10

    A new and more comprehensive model of charge-exchange induced X-ray emission, due to ions precipitating into the Jovian atmosphere near the poles, has been used to analyze spectral observations made by the Chandra X-ray Observatory. The model includes for the first time carbon ions, in addition to the oxygen and sulfur ions previously considered, in order to account for possible ion origins from both the solar wind and the Jovian magnetosphere. By comparing the model spectra with newly reprocessed Chandra observations, we conclude that carbon ion emission provides a negligible contribution, suggesting that solar wind ions are not responsible for the observed polar X-rays. In addition, results of the model fits to observations support the previously estimated seeding kinetic energies of the precipitating ions ({approx}0.7-2 MeV u{sup -1}), but infer a different relative sulfur-to-oxygen abundance ratio for these Chandra observations.

  11. The Ion-induced Charge-exchange X-ray Emission of the Jovian Auroras: Magnetospheric or Solar Wind Origin?

    SciTech Connect

    Hui, Yawei; Schultz, David Robert; Kharchenko, Vasili A; Stancil, Phillip C.; Cravens, Thomas E. E.; Lisse, Carey M.; Dalgarno, A.

    2009-01-01

    A new and more comprehensive model of charge-exchange induced X-ray emission, due to ions precipitating into the Jovian atmosphere near the poles, has been used to analyze spectral observations made by the Chandra X-ray Observatory. The model includes for the first time carbon ions, in addition to the oxygen and sulfur ions previously considered, in order to account for possible ion origins from both the solar wind and the Jovian magnetosphere. By comparing the model spectra with newly reprocessed Chandra observations, we conclude that carbon ion emission provides a negligible contribution, suggesting that solar wind ions are not responsible for the observed polar X-rays. In addition, results of the model fits to observations support the previously estimated seeding kinetic energies of the precipitating ions ( 0.7-2 MeV/u), but infer a different relative sulfur to oxygen abundance ratio for these Chandra observations.

  12. Herringbone bursts associated with type II solar radio emission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cairns, I. H.; Robinson, R. D.

    1987-01-01

    Detailed observations of the herringbone (HB) fine structure on type II solar radio bursts are presented. Data from the Culgoora radiospectrograph, radiometer and radioheliograph are analyzed. The characteristic spectral profiles, frequency drift rates and exciter velocities, fluxes, source sizes, brightness temperatures, and polarizations of individual HB bursts are determined. Correlations between individual bursts within the characteristic groups of bursts and the properties of the associated type II bursts are examined. These data are compatible with HB bursts being radiation at multiples of the plasma frequency generated by electron streams accelerated by the type II shock. HB bursts are physically distinct phenomena from type II and type III bursts, differing significantly in emission processes and/or source conditions; this conclusion indicates that many of the presently available theoretical ideas for HB bursts are incorrect.

  13. The magnetoionic modes and propagation properties of auroral radio emissions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Calvert, Wynne; Hashimoto, Kozo

    1990-01-01

    The nature of the magnetoionic wave modes which accompany the aurora is clarified here by a detailed analysis, using multiple techniques, of DE 1 auroral radio observations. All four of the possible magnetoionic wave modes are found to occur, apparently emitted from two different source regions on the same auroral field line. AKR originates primarily in the X mode near the electron cyclotron frequency, and is frequently also accompanied by a weaker O-mode component from the same location. The next most prominent auroral emission is the W-mode auroral hiss originating from altitudes always well below the DE 1 satellite at frequencies below the local cyclotron frequency. The previously reported Z-mode auroral radiation was also detected, but from sources also below the satellite at the poleward edge of the cavity, and not from the expected AKR source at the cyclotron frequency.

  14. Solar wind control of Jupiter's decametric radio emission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barrow, C. H.; Genova, F.; Desch, M. D.

    1986-01-01

    Observations of the solar wind close to Jupiter are compared with the decametric radio emission (DAM), using data recorded by Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 during 1979. The Non-Io DAM, recorded by both spacecraft and combined using the superposed epoch technique, is found to correlate with the solar wind density and velocity, as well as with the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) magnitude. In agreement with earlier work using ground-based observations, there are indications that the Non-Io DAM is somehow associated with magnetic sector structure although the precise details of the relationship are still not known and it is not clear if this is a fundamental effect or some secondary effect of intercorrelation.

  15. Radio emission signature of Saturn immersions in Jupiter's magnetic tail

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Desch, M. D.

    1983-01-01

    During the interval from about May through August 1981, when Voyager 2 was inbound to Saturn, the Planetary Radio Astronomy instrument measured repeated, dramatic decreases in the intensity of the Saturn Kilometric Radiation (SKR). The emission dropouts averaged two orders of magnitude below mean energy levels and varied from about 1 to 10 Saturn rotations in duration. Comparison with pre-Saturn encounter Voyager 1 observations (June to November, 1980) shows that the SKR dropouts were unique to the Voyager 2 observing interval, consistent with the closer proximity of Saturn to Jupiter's distant magnetotail in 1981. Further, the dropouts occurred on the average at times when Voyager 2 is known to have been within or near Jupiter's magnetic tail.

  16. The relationship of storm severity to directionally resolved radio emissions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, R. O.; Bushman, M. L.; Sherrill, W. M.

    1980-01-01

    Directionally resolved atmospheric radio frequency emission data were acquired from thunderstorms occurring in the central and southwestern United States. In addition, RF sferic tracking data were obtained from hurricanes and tropical depressions occurring in the Gulf of Mexico. The data were acquired using a crossed baseline phase interferometer operating at a frequency of 2.001 MHz. The received atmospherics were tested for phase linearity across the array, and azimuth/elevation angles of arrival were computed in real time. A histogram analysis of sferic burst count versus azimuth provided lines of bearing to centers of intense electrical activity. Analysis indicates a consistent capability of the phase linear direction finder to detect severe meteorological activity to distances of 2000 km from the receiving site. The technique evidences the ability to discriminate severe storms from nonsevere storms coexistent in large regional scale thunderstorm activity.

  17. Analysis of Jovian decametric data: Study of radio emission mechanisms

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Staelin, D. H.; Arias, T. A.

    1985-01-01

    Data gathered by the Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 Planetary Radio Astronomy Experiments (PRA) are unique in many ways including their frequency range, time resolution, polarization information and geometric characteristics. Studies of rapidly varying phenomena have thus far been hampered by paper display techniques which require large amounts of paper to exploit the full PRA time resolution. A software package capable of effectively displaying full 6s resolution PRA dynamic spectra on a high quality video monitor while compensating for the aforementioned variations was developed. The most striking phenomena revealed by the new display techniques is called Modulated Spectral Activity (MSA) because of its appearance in dynamic spectra as a series at least two parallel emission bands which drift back and forth in frequency on time scales of tens of seconds. In an attempt to locate and understand the MSA source mechanism, a catalogue has been compiled of the start and end of all known MSA events.

  18. Solar wind control of Jupiter's decametric radio emission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barrow, C. H.; Genova, F.; Desch, M. D.

    1986-01-01

    Observations of the solar wind close to Jupiter are compared with the decametric radio emission (DAM), using data recorded by Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 during 1979. The Non-Io DAM, recorded by both spacecraft and combined using the superposed epoch technique, is found to correlate with the solar wind density and velocity, as well as with the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) magnitude. In agreement with earlier work using ground-based observations, there are indications that the Non-Io DAM is somehow associated with magnetic sector structure although the precise details of the relationship are still not known and it is not clear if this is a fundamental effect or some secondary effect of intercorrelation.

  19. Direct evidence for solar wind control of Jupiter's hectometer-wavelength radio emission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Desch, M. D.; Barrow, C. H.

    1984-01-01

    Observations of the solar wind close to Jupiter, by the Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 spacecraft in 1978 and 1979, are compared with the hectometer wavelength radio emission from the planet. A significant positive correlation is found between variations in the solar wind plasma density at Jupiter and the level of Jovian radio emission output. During the 173-day interval studied for the Voyager 2 data, the radio emission displayed a long term periodicity of about 13 days, identical to that shown by the solar wind density at Jupiter and consistent with the magnetic sector structure association already proposed for groundbased observations of the decameter wavelength emission.

  20. A Probe of magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling using Very Low Frequency (VLF) Radio Signal from North-West Cape (Australia) to Kolkata (India)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nwankwo, Victor U. J.; Chakrabarti, Sandip Kumar

    Very low frequency (VLF) radio waves has been employed for the detection and study of various terrestrial and extra-terrestrial high energy phenomena such as solar flares, solar eclipse, gamma ray burst, lightning induced electron precipitation etc., and the subsequent variations in the lower ionosphere driven by these events. In this study, we exploit the propagation characteristics of VLF signal through the Earth-ionosphere waveguide, to probe changes in ionospheric signatures, induced by solar driven variations in magnetospheric conditions. Our study is based on the VLF signal (amplitude and phase) received at the Ionospheric and Earthquake Research Centre (IERC), Sitapur, under Indian Centre for Space Physics (ICSP), which is transmitted by the Australian NWC station at about 19.8kHz.

  1. Far-UV Emission Properties of FR1 Radio Galaxies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Danforth, Charles W.; Stocke, John T.; France, Kevin; Begelman, Mitchell C.; Perlman, Eric

    2016-11-01

    The power mechanism and accretion geometry for low-power FR 1 radio galaxies are poorly understood in comparison to those for Seyfert galaxies and QSOs. In this paper, we use the diagnostic power of the Lyα recombination line observed using the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) aboard the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) to investigate the accretion flows in three well-known, nearby FR 1s: M87, NGC 4696, and Hydra A. The Lyα emission line’s luminosity, velocity structure, and the limited knowledge of its spatial extent provided by COS are used to assess conditions within a few parsecs of the supermassive black hole in these radio-mode active galactic nuclei. We observe strong Lyα emission in all three objects with total luminosity similar to that seen in BL Lacertae objects. M87 shows a complicated emission-line profile in Lyα, which varies spatially across the COS aperture and possibly temporally over several epochs of observation. In both NGC 4696 and M87, the Lyα luminosities ˜1040 erg s-1 are closely consistent with the observed strength of the ionizing continuum in Case B recombination theory and with the assumption of a near-unity covering factor. It is possible that the Lyα-emitting clouds are ionized largely by beamed radiation associated with the jets. Long-slit UV spectroscopy can be used to test this hypothesis. Hydra A and the several BL Lac objects studied in this and previous papers have Lyα luminosities larger than M87 but their extrapolated, nonthermal continua are so luminous that they overpredict the observed strength of Lyα, a clear indicator of relativistic beaming in our direction. Given their substantial space density (˜4 × 10-3 Mpc-3), the unbeamed Lyman continuum radiation of FR 1s may make a substantial minority contribution (˜10%) to the local UV background if all FR 1s are similar to M87 in ionizing flux level.

  2. Interstellar matter in early-type galaxies. III - Radio emission and star formation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Walsh, D. E. P.; Knapp, G. R.; Wrobel, J. M.; Kim, D.-W.

    1989-01-01

    The relationship between the IR and radio luminosity in early-type galaxies is examined using the correlation among spiral galaxies as a diagnostic of the presence of star formation. For ellipticals, the presence of long-wavelength IR emission enhances the probability that the galaxy is a radio source and is also correlated with the strength of that source. These findings are consistent with the idea that active radio nuclei are due to black holes being fueled by accretion of gas. The majority of S0s detected in both radio and far-IR have a similar ratio of IR to radio luminosity as has been found in spirals, and which is considered to be indicative of recent star formation. Sensitive radio limits for several galaxies reveal another substantial population of S0s with moderately strong IR emission unaccompanied by radio power.

  3. On the Origin of Intense Radio Emission from the Brown Dwarfs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zaitsev, V. V.; Stepanov, A. V.

    2017-04-01

    Observations of quasi-periodic intense radio emission at 2-8 GHz from the brown dwarfs with a brightness temperature of up to Tb ˜ 1013 K and with a fairly narrow radiation pattern initiated a series of studies in which the radiation was interpreted in terms of the electron cyclotron maser emission generated by energetic electrons with the "loss cone." The plasma mechanism of the radio emission was excluded from consideration because it requires that the electron plasma frequency should exceed the electron gyrofrequency in the source of the radio emission, i. e., νp > νc. In this paper, we propose a coherent plasma radiation mechanism for intense radio emission from the brown dwarfs. The possibility of the formation of hot extended coronae in the magnetic loops that occur in the atmospheres of the brown dwarfs as a result of the photospheric convection is shown. The electric currents generated in the magnetic loops by photospheric convection lead to the plasma heating and elevation of the "squeezed" atmosphere. This ensures that the condition νp > νce required for the plasma mechanism of radio emission is fulfilled at the coronal levels. In addition, the pumping mechanism supplying energetic particles into the coronae of the brown dwarfs, which maintain the long-term generation of intense radio emission from these stars, is studied. The parameters of the Langmuir turbulence explaining the observed properties of the radio emission from the brown stars are determined.

  4. Offset, tilted dipole models of Uranian smooth high-frequency radio emission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schweitzer, Andrea E.; Romig, Joseph H.; Evans, David R.; Sawyer, Constance B.; Warwick, James W.

    1990-01-01

    The smooth high-frequency (SHF) component of the radio emission detected during the Voyager 2 encounter with Uranus (January 1986) is studied. An offset tilted dipole (OTD) investigation of the SHF emission at L shells is carried out within the range of the bursty source locations. A viable high L shell model is presented. It is suggested that Miranda, which reaches a minimum L shell at L = 5, may be related to the timing of several types of radio emissions.

  5. The lower subsidiary diffuse plasma resonances and the classification of radio emissions below the plasma frequency

    SciTech Connect

    Osherovich, V.A.; Benson, R.F. )

    1991-11-01

    The diffuse ionospheric resonances D{sub n}, stimulated by topside sounders, have been studied for over 2 decades. These resonances are observed below the plasma frequency f{sub N} between the harmonics of the electron gyrofrequency f{sub H}. The D{sub n} resonances are often accompanied by upper and lower subsidiary branches. The present paper concentrates on the classification of diffuse resonances, one motivation being the possible application to the interpretation of naturally occurring radio emissions in the magnetosphere. Osherovich has shown that the D{sub n} resonances are characterized by a nonequally spaced spectrum of frequencies f{sub D{sub n}} = f{sub Ds}n{sup 1/2} (n = 1, 2, 3, and 4), where f{sub D{sub s}} = 0.95(f{sub N}f{sub H}){sup 1/2}, and that the upper subsidiary resonances D{sub n}{sup +} = (f{sup 2}{sub D{sub n}} + f{sup 2}{sub H}){sup 1/2}. This classification is here extended to include the lower subsidiary resonances D{sub n}{sup minus} (n = 1, 2, 3, and 4), and it is shown that their frequencies are related to f{sub D{sub n}} and f{sub H} by the expression f{sub D{sub n}} = (f{sup 2}{sub D{sub n}} - f{sup 2}{sub H}){sup 1/2}. This result is based on a combination of previously published data and newly scaled ionograms from the Alouette 2 and ISIS 1 topside sounder experiments.

  6. Unusually high frequency natural VLF radio emissions observed during daytime in Northern Finland

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manninen, Jyrki; Turunen, Tauno; Kleimenova, Natalia; Rycroft, Michael; Gromova, Liudmila; Sirviö, Iina

    2016-12-01

    Geomagnetic field variations and electromagnetic waves of different frequencies are ever present in the Earth’s environment in which the Earth’s fauna and flora have evolved and live. These waves are a very useful tool for studying and exploring the physics of plasma processes occurring in the magnetosphere and ionosphere. Here we present ground-based observations of natural electromagnetic emissions of magnetospheric origin at very low frequency (VLF, 3-30 kHz), which are neither heard nor seen in their spectrograms because they are hidden by strong impulsive signals (sferics) originating in lightning discharges. After filtering out the sferics, peculiar emissions are revealed in these digital recordings, made in Northern Finland, at unusually high frequencies in the VLF band. These recently revealed emissions, which are observed for several hours almost every day in winter, contain short (˜1-3 min) burst-like structures at frequencies above 4-6 kHz, even up to 15 kHz; fine structure on the 1 s time scale is also prevalent. It seems that these whistler mode emissions are generated deep inside the magnetosphere, but the detailed nature, generation region and propagation behaviour of these newly discovered high latitude VLF emissions remain unknown; however, further research on them may shed new light on wave-particle interactions occurring in the Earth’s radiation belts.

  7. The Search for Radio Emission from Exoplanets Using LOFAR Low-Frequency Beam-Formed Observations: Preliminary Results on the 55 CNC System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Turner, Jake; Griessmeier, Jean-Mathias; Zarka, Philippe; Vasylieva, Iana

    2017-05-01

    Detection of radio emission from exoplanets can provide information on the star-planet system that is very difficult or impossible to study otherwise, such as the planet's magnetic field, magnetosphere, rotation period, orbit inclination, and star-planet interactions. Such a detection in the radio domain would open up a whole new field in the study of exoplanets, however, currently there are no confirmed detections of an exoplanet at radio frequencies. In this study, we search for non-thermal radio emission from 55 Cnc, an exoplanetary system with 5 planets. 55 Cnc is among the best targets for this search according to theoretical predictions. We observed for 18 hours with the Low-Frequency Array (LOFAR) in the frequency range 26-73 MHz with full-polarization and and covered 85% of the orbital phase of the innermost planet. During the observations four beams were recorded simultaneously on 55 Cnc, a patch of nearby “empty” sky, the nearby pulsar B0823+26, and a bright radio source in the field. The extra beams make this setup unique since they can be used for control of the telescope gain and to verify that a detection in the exoplanet beam is not a false-positive detection (e.g. ionospheric fluctuations). An automatic pipeline was created to automatically find Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) and to search for emission in the exoplanet beam. Conclusions reached at the time of the meeting, about detection of or upper limit to the planetary signal, will be presented. In the near future, we will apply this observational technique and pipeline to some moreplanetary targets, which were selected on the basis of theoretical predictions.

  8. Radio Emissions Precursors of Impulsive Phase of Solar Flares Recorded by CALLISTO-BR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fernandes, Francisco; Cunha-Silva, Rafael; Galdino, Marcela; Sodré, Zuleika

    2016-07-01

    A solar flare consists in an eruptive process and involves a sudden release of energy generated by processes carried on from instabilities in the magnetic configuration at solar atmosphere, generating emissions at different wavelengths. Usually, the pre-flare phase presents an increasing of soft X-ray, ultraviolet and radio emissions. In this work, we present a survey of solar radio emission recorded in metric wavelengths (45 - 250 MHz) by CALLISTO-BR spectrograph, belong to the e-Callisto network, associated with pre-flare phase of solar X-rays flares. A sample of 281 radio emissions was analyzed, and 120 were identified as precursor emissions of X-rays flares. The main results of the statistics can be summarized as: (a) 55% of the precursor radio emissions start less than 60 minutes before the beginning of the associated X-ray flare and about 20% start less than 20 minutes before the X-ray emission; (b) 27% of flares with precursor emissions are classified as B class, 61% of C class, and less than 22% of M class. No precursors radio emissions were associated with X class flare; (c) about 42% of radio precursor emissions are of type III bursts and 33% have complex morphology, as drifting pulsating structures. Analysis of global emission trends recorded during the precursor phase of the C4.8 flare of February 15, 2011 (14:32-14:51 UT) is also presented. The occurrence of radio emission during the pre-impulsive phase of a solar flare suggests the presence of plasma turbulence in the active region, since during the impulsive phase, when the energy is released, occur the heating of the plasma and increasing of soft X-ray emission as identified in the event analyzed. The results are presented and discussed.

  9. Penetration characteristics of electromagnetic emissions from an underground seismic source into the atmosphere, ionosphere, and magnetosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Molchanov, O. A.; Hayakawa, M.; Rafalsky, V. A.

    1995-02-01

    Theoretical calculations are made on electromagnetic fields in the frequency range 10(exp -2) to 10(exp 2) Hz on the ground surface and above the ionosphere induced by stochastic microcurrent activity inside the future seismic sources on the assumption of cylindrical symmetry of the effective current and three types of polarization. The inhomogeneity of the ground and atmosphere conductivity and anisotropy of the ionosphere are taken into consideration. The intensity of ULF magnetic and electric precursors observed on the ground, and their spatial distribution can be explained by using the results of the present computations. It is found that only the fields from a magnetic type source can penetrate into the magnetosphere and generate propagating Alfven waves. The expected values of magnetospheric electric and magnetic field are 1-10 microV/m/square root of Hz and 1-10 pT/square root of Hz respectively, and the horizontal scale of their distribution is about 100-200 km. Finally, these theoretical predictions are compared with the corresponding results of satellite observations.

  10. Mpc-scale diffuse radio emission in two massive cool-core clusters of galaxies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sommer, Martin W.; Basu, Kaustuv; Intema, Huib; Pacaud, Florian; Bonafede, Annalisa; Babul, Arif; Bertoldi, Frank

    2017-04-01

    Radio haloes are diffuse synchrotron sources on scales of ∼1 Mpc that are found in merging clusters of galaxies, and are believed to be powered by electrons re-accelerated by merger-driven turbulence. We present measurements of extended radio emission on similarly large scales in two clusters of galaxies hosting cool cores: Abell 2390 and Abell 2261. The analysis is based on interferometric imaging with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array, Very Large Array and Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope. We present detailed radio images of the targets, subtract the compact emission components and measure the spectral indices for the diffuse components. The radio emission in A2390 extends beyond a known sloshing-like brightness discontinuity, and has a very steep in-band spectral slope at 1.5 GHz that is similar to some known ultrasteep spectrum radio haloes. The diffuse signal in A2261 is more extended than in A2390 but has lower luminosity. X-ray morphological indicators, derived from XMM-Newton X-ray data, place these clusters in the category of relaxed or regular systems, although some asymmetric features that can indicate past minor mergers are seen in the X-ray brightness images. If these two Mpc-scale radio sources are categorized as giant radio haloes, they question the common assumption of radio haloes occurring exclusively in clusters undergoing violent merging activity, in addition to commonly used criteria for distinguishing between radio haloes and minihaloes.

  11. The connection between the 15 GHz radio and gamma-ray emission in blazars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Max-Moerbeck, W.; Richards, J. L.; Hovatta, T.; Pavlidou, V.; Pearson, T. J.; Readhead, A. C. S.; King, O. G.; Reeves, R.

    2015-03-01

    Since mid-2007 we have carried out a dedicated long-term monitoring programme at 15 GHz using the Owens Valley Radio Observatory 40 meter telescope (OVRO 40m). One of the main goals of this programme is to study the relation between the radio and gamma-ray emission in blazars and to use it as a tool to locate the site of high energy emission. Using this large sample of objects we are able to characterize the radio variability, and study the significance of correlations between the radio and gamma-ray bands. We find that the radio variability of many sources can be described using a simple power law power spectral density, and that when taking into account the red-noise characteristics of the light curves, cases with significant correlation are rare. We note that while significant correlations are found in few individual objects, radio variations are most often delayed with respect to the gamma-ray variations. This suggests that the gamma-ray emission originates upstream of the radio emission. Because strong flares in most known gamma-ray-loud blazars are infrequent, longer light curves are required to settle the issue of the strength of radio-gamma cross-correlations and establish confidently possible delays between the two. For this reason continuous multiwavelength monitoring over a longer time period is essential for statistical tests of jet emission models.

  12. Radio Galaxies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Downes, Ann

    1986-01-01

    Provides background information on radio galaxies. Topic areas addressed include: what produces the radio emission; radio telescopes; locating radio galaxies; how distances to radio galaxies are found; physics of radio galaxies; computer simulations of radio galaxies; and the evolution of radio galaxies with cosmic time. (JN)

  13. Radio Galaxies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Downes, Ann

    1986-01-01

    Provides background information on radio galaxies. Topic areas addressed include: what produces the radio emission; radio telescopes; locating radio galaxies; how distances to radio galaxies are found; physics of radio galaxies; computer simulations of radio galaxies; and the evolution of radio galaxies with cosmic time. (JN)

  14. EMISSION PATTERNS OF SOLAR TYPE III RADIO BURSTS: STEREOSCOPIC OBSERVATIONS

    SciTech Connect

    Thejappa, G.; Bergamo, M.; MacDowall, R. J. E-mail: mbergamo@umd.edu

    2012-02-01

    Simultaneous observations of solar type III radio bursts obtained by the STEREO A, B, and WIND spacecraft at low frequencies from different vantage points in the ecliptic plane are used to determine their directivity. The heliolongitudes of the sources of these bursts, estimated at different frequencies by assuming that they are located on the Parker spiral magnetic field lines emerging from the associated active regions into the spherically symmetric solar atmosphere, and the heliolongitudes of the spacecraft are used to estimate the viewing angle, which is the angle between the direction of the magnetic field at the source and the line connecting the source to the spacecraft. The normalized peak intensities at each spacecraft R{sub j} = I{sub j} /{Sigma}I{sub j} (the subscript j corresponds to the spacecraft STEREO A, B, and WIND), which are defined as the directivity factors are determined using the time profiles of the type III bursts. It is shown that the distribution of the viewing angles divides the type III bursts into: (1) bursts emitting into a very narrow cone centered around the tangent to the magnetic field with angular width of {approx}2 Degree-Sign and (2) bursts emitting into a wider cone with angular width spanning from {approx} - 100 Degree-Sign to {approx}100 Degree-Sign . The plots of the directivity factors versus the viewing angles of the sources from all three spacecraft indicate that the type III emissions are very intense along the tangent to the spiral magnetic field lines at the source, and steadily fall as the viewing angles increase to higher values. The comparison of these emission patterns with the computed distributions of the ray trajectories indicate that the intense bursts visible in a narrow range of angles around the magnetic field directions probably are emitted in the fundamental mode, whereas the relatively weaker bursts visible to a wide range of angles are probably emitted in the harmonic mode.

  15. Emission Patterns of Solar Type III Radio Bursts: Stereoscopic Observations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thejappa, G.; MacDowall, R.; Bergamo, M.

    2012-01-01

    Simultaneous observations of solar type III radio bursts obtained by the STEREO A, B, and WIND spacecraft at low frequencies from different vantage points in the ecliptic plane are used to determine their directivity. The heliolongitudes of the sources of these bursts, estimated at different frequencies by assuming that they are located on the Parker spiral magnetic field lines emerging from the associated active regions into the spherically symmetric solar atmosphere, and the heliolongitudes of the spacecraft are used to estimate the viewing angle, which is the angle between the direction of the magnetic field at the source and the line connecting the source to the spacecraft. The normalized peak intensities at each spacecraft Rj = Ij /[Sigma]Ij (the subscript j corresponds to the spacecraft STEREO A, B, and WIND), which are defined as the directivity factors are determined using the time profiles of the type III bursts. It is shown that the distribution of the viewing angles divides the type III bursts into: (1) bursts emitting into a very narrow cone centered around the tangent to the magnetic field with angular width of approximately 2 deg and (2) bursts emitting into a wider cone with angular width spanning from [approx] -100 deg to approximately 100 deg. The plots of the directivity factors versus the viewing angles of the sources from all three spacecraft indicate that the type III emissions are very intense along the tangent to the spiral magnetic field lines at the source, and steadily fall as the viewing angles increase to higher values. The comparison of these emission patterns with the computed distributions of the ray trajectories indicate that the intense bursts visible in a narrow range of angles around the magnetic field directions probably are emitted in the fundamental mode, whereas the relatively weaker bursts visible to a wide range of angles are probably emitted in the harmonic mode.

  16. Behold Saturn's Magnetosphere!

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2004-07-01

    Saturn's magnetosphere is seen for the first time in this image taken by the Cassini spacecraft on June 21, 2004. A magnetosphere is a magnetic envelope of charged particles that surrounds some planets, including Earth. It is invisible to the human eye, but Cassini's Magnetospheric Imaging Instrument was able to detect the hydrogen atoms (represented in red) that escape it. The emission from these hydrogen atoms comes primarily from regions far from Saturn, well outside the planet's rings, and perhaps beyond the orbit of the largest moon Titan. The image represents the first direct look at the shape of Saturn's magnetosphere. Previously, NASA's Voyager mission had inferred what Saturn's magnetosphere would look like in the same way that a blind person might feel the shape of an elephant. With Cassini, the "elephant" has been revealed in a picture. This picture was taken by the ion and neutral camera, one of three sensors that comprise the magnetosphereic imaging instrument, from a distance of about 3.7 million miles (about 6 million kilometers) from Saturn. The magnetospheric imaging instrument will continue to study Saturn's magnetosphere throughout the mission's four-year lifetime. http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA06345

  17. CONSTRAINING THE VELA PULSAR'S RADIO EMISSION REGION USING NYQUIST-LIMITED SCINTILLATION STATISTICS

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, M. D.; Gwinn, C. R.; Demorest, P. E-mail: cgwinn@physics.ucsb.edu

    2012-10-10

    Using a novel technique, we achieve {approx}100 picoarcsec resolution and set an upper bound of less than 4 km for the characteristic size of the Vela pulsar's emission region. Specifically, we analyze flux-density statistics of the Vela pulsar at 760 MHz. Because the pulsar exhibits strong diffractive scintillation, these statistics convey information about the spatial extent of the radio emission region. We measure both a characteristic size of the emission region and the emission sizes for individual pulses. Our results imply that the radio emission altitude for the Vela pulsar at this frequency is less than 340 km.

  18. Upper limits on gravitational wave emission from 78 radio pulsars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abbott, B.; Abbott, R.; Adhikari, R.; Agresti, J.; Ajith, P.; Allen, B.; Amin, R.; Anderson, S. B.; Anderson, W. G.; Arain, M.; Araya, M.; Armandula, H.; Ashley, M.; Aston, S.; Aufmuth, P.; Aulbert, C.; Babak, S.; Ballmer, S.; Bantilan, H.; Barish, B. C.; Barker, C.; Barker, D.; Barr, B.; Barriga, P.; Barton, M. A.; Bayer, K.; Belczynski, K.; Betzwieser, J.; Beyersdorf, P. T.; Bhawal, B.; Bilenko, I. A.; Billingsley, G.; Biswas, R.; Black, E.; Blackburn, K.; Blackburn, L.; Blair, D.; Bland, B.; Bogenstahl, J.; Bogue, L.; Bork, R.; Boschi, V.; Bose, S.; Brady, P. R.; Braginsky, V. B.; Brau, J. E.; Brinkmann, M.; Brooks, A.; Brown, D. A.; Bullington, A.; Bunkowski, A.; Buonanno, A.; Burmeister, O.; Busby, D.; Butler, W. E.; Byer, R. L.; Cadonati, L.; Cagnoli, G.; Camp, J. B.; Cannizzo, J.; Cannon, K.; Cantley, C. A.; Cao, J.; Cardenas, L.; Carter, K.; Casey, M. M.; Castaldi, G.; Cepeda, C.; Chalkey, E.; Charlton, P.; Chatterji, S.; Chelkowski, S.; Chen, Y.; Chiadini, F.; Chin, D.; Chin, E.; Chow, J.; Christensen, N.; Clark, J.; Cochrane, P.; Cokelaer, T.; Colacino, C. N.; Coldwell, R.; Conte, R.; Cook, D.; Corbitt, T.; Coward, D.; Coyne, D.; Creighton, J. D. E.; Creighton, T. D.; Croce, R. P.; Crooks, D. R. M.; Cruise, A. M.; Cumming, A.; Dalrymple, J.; D'Ambrosio, E.; Danzmann, K.; Davies, G.; Debra, D.; Degallaix, J.; Degree, M.; Demma, T.; Dergachev, V.; Desai, S.; Desalvo, R.; Dhurandhar, S.; Díaz, M.; Dickson, J.; di Credico, A.; Diederichs, G.; Dietz, A.; Doomes, E. E.; Drever, R. W. P.; Dumas, J.-C.; Dupuis, R. J.; Dwyer, J. G.; Ehrens, P.; Espinoza, E.; Etzel, T.; Evans, M.; Evans, T.; Fairhurst, S.; Fan, Y.; Fazi, D.; Fejer, M. M.; Finn, L. S.; Fiumara, V.; Fotopoulos, N.; Franzen, A.; Franzen, K. Y.; Freise, A.; Frey, R.; Fricke, T.; Fritschel, P.; Frolov, V. V.; Fyffe, M.; Galdi, V.; Ganezer, K. S.; Garofoli, J.; Gholami, I.; Giaime, J. A.; Giampanis, S.; Giardina, K. D.; Goda, K.; Goetz, E.; Goggin, L.; González, G.; Gossler, S.; Grant, A.; Gras, S.; Gray, C.; Gray, M.; Greenhalgh, J.; Gretarsson, A. M.; Grosso, R.; Grote, H.; Grunewald, S.; Guenther, M.; Gustafson, R.; Hage, B.; Hammer, D.; Hanna, C.; Hanson, J.; Harms, J.; Harry, G.; Harstad, E.; Hayler, T.; Heefner, J.; Heng, I. S.; Heptonstall, A.; Heurs, M.; Hewitson, M.; Hild, S.; Hirose, E.; Hoak, D.; Hosken, D.; Hough, J.; Howell, E.; Hoyland, D.; Huttner, S. H.; Ingram, D.; Innerhofer, E.; Ito, M.; Itoh, Y.; Ivanov, A.; Jackrel, D.; Johnson, B.; Johnson, W. W.; Jones, D. I.; Jones, G.; Jones, R.; Ju, L.; Kalmus, P.; Kalogera, V.; Kasprzyk, D.; Katsavounidis, E.; Kawabe, K.; Kawamura, S.; Kawazoe, F.; Kells, W.; Keppel, D. G.; Khalili, F. Ya.; Kim, C.; King, P.; Kissel, J. S.; Klimenko, S.; Kokeyama, K.; Kondrashov, V.; Kopparapu, R. K.; Kozak, D.; Krishnan, B.; Kwee, P.; Lam, P. K.; Landry, M.; Lantz, B.; Lazzarini, A.; Lee, B.; Lei, M.; Leiner, J.; Leonhardt, V.; Leonor, I.; Libbrecht, K.; Lindquist, P.; Lockerbie, N. A.; Longo, M.; Lormand, M.; Lubiński, M.; Lück, H.; Machenschalk, B.; Macinnis, M.; Mageswaran, M.; Mailand, K.; Malec, M.; Mandic, V.; Marano, S.; Márka, S.; Markowitz, J.; Maros, E.; Martin, I.; Marx, J. N.; Mason, K.; Matone, L.; Matta, V.; Mavalvala, N.; McCarthy, R.; McClelland, D. E.; McGuire, S. C.; McHugh, M.; McKenzie, K.; McNabb, J. W. C.; McWilliams, S.; Meier, T.; Melissinos, A.; Mendell, G.; Mercer, R. A.; Meshkov, S.; Messaritaki, E.; Messenger, C. J.; Meyers, D.; Mikhailov, E.; Mitra, S.; Mitrofanov, V. P.; Mitselmakher, G.; Mittleman, R.; Miyakawa, O.; Mohanty, S.; Moreno, G.; Mossavi, K.; Mowlowry, C.; Moylan, A.; Mudge, D.; Mueller, G.; Mukherjee, S.; Müller-Ebhardt, H.; Munch, J.; Murray, P.; Myers, E.; Myers, J.; Nash, T.; Newton, G.; Nishizawa, A.; Nocera, F.; Numata, K.; O'Reilly, B.; O'Shaughnessy, R.; Ottaway, D. J.; Overmier, H.; Owen, B. J.; Pan, Y.; Papa, M. A.; Parameshwaraiah, V.; Parameswariah, C.; Patel, P.; Pedraza, M.; Penn, S.; Pierro, V.; Pinto, I. M.; Pitkin, M.; Pletsch, H.; Plissi, M. V.; Postiglione, F.; Prix, R.; Quetschke, V.; Raab, F.; Rabeling, D.; Radkins, H.; Rahkola, R.; Rainer, N.; Rakhmanov, M.; Rawlins, K.; Ray-Majumder, S.; Re, V.; Regimbau, T.; Rehbein, H.; Reid, S.; Reitze, D. H.; Ribichini, L.; Riesen, R.; Riles, K.; Rivera, B.; Robertson, N. A.; Robinson, C.; Robinson, E. L.; Roddy, S.; Rodriguez, A.; Rogan, A. M.; Rollins, J.; Romano, J. D.; Romie, J.; Route, R.; Rowan, S.; Rüdiger, A.; Ruet, L.; Russell, P.; Ryan, K.; Sakata, S.; Samidi, M.; de La Jordana, L. Sancho; Sandberg, V.; Sanders, G. H.; Sannibale, V.; Saraf, S.; Sarin, P.; Sathyaprakash, B. S.; Sato, S.; Saulson, P. R.; Savage, R.; Savov, P.; Sazonov, A.; Schediwy, S.; Schilling, R.; Schnabel, R.; Schofield, R.; Schutz, B. F.; Schwinberg, P.; Scott, S. M.; Searle, A. C.; Sears, B.; Seifert, F.; Sellers, D.; Sengupta, A. S.; Shawhan, P.; Shoemaker, D. H.; Sibley, A.; Sidles, J. A.; Siemens, X.; Sigg, D.; Sinha, S.; Sintes, A. M.; Slagmolen, B. J. J.; Slutsky, J.; Smith, J. R.; Smith, M. R.; Somiya, K.; Strain, K. A.; Strom, D. M.; Stuver, A.; Summerscales, T. Z.; Sun, K.-X.; Sung, M.; Sutton, P. J.; Takahashi, H.; Tanner, D. B.; Tarallo, M.; Taylor, R.; Taylor, R.; Thacker, J.; Thorne, K. A.; Thorne, K. S.; Thüring, A.; Tokmakov, K. V.; Torres, C.; Torrie, C.; Traylor, G.; Trias, M.; Tyler, W.; Ugolini, D.; Ungarelli, C.; Urbanek, K.; Vahlbruch, H.; Vallisneri, M.; van den Broeck, C.; van Putten, M.; Varvella, M.; Vass, S.; Vecchio, A.; Veitch, J.; Veitch, P.; Villar, A.; Vorvick, C.; Vyachanin, S. P.; Waldman, S. J.; Wallace, L.; Ward, H.; Ward, R.; Watts, K.; Webber, D.; Weidner, A.; Weinert, M.; Weinstein, A.; Weiss, R.; Wen, S.; Wette, K.; Whelan, J. T.; Whitbeck, D. M.; Whitcomb, S. E.; Whiting, B. F.; Wiley, S.; Wilkinson, C.; Willems, P. A.; Williams, L.; Willke, B.; Wilmut, I.; Winkler, W.; Wipf, C. C.; Wise, S.; Wiseman, A. G.; Woan, G.; Woods, D.; Wooley, R.; Worden, J.; Wu, W.; Yakushin, I.; Yamamoto, H.; Yan, Z.; Yoshida, S.; Yunes, N.; Zanolin, M.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, L.; Zhao, C.; Zotov, N.; Zucker, M.; Zur Mühlen, H.; Zweizig, J.; Kramer, M.; Lyne, A. G.

    2007-08-01

    We present upper limits on the gravitational wave emission from 78 radio pulsars based on data from the third and fourth science runs of the LIGO and GEO 600 gravitational wave detectors. The data from both runs have been combined coherently to maximize sensitivity. For the first time, pulsars within binary (or multiple) systems have been included in the search by taking into account the signal modulation due to their orbits. Our upper limits are therefore the first measured for 56 of these pulsars. For the remaining 22, our results improve on previous upper limits by up to a factor of 10. For example, our tightest upper limit on the gravitational strain is 2.6×10-25 for PSR J1603-7202, and the equatorial ellipticity of PSR J2124 3358 is less than 10-6. Furthermore, our strain upper limit for the Crab pulsar is only 2.2 times greater than the fiducial spin-down limit.

  19. Predicting radio emission from the newborn hot Jupiter V830 Tauri b and its host star

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vidotto, A. A.; Donati, J.-F.

    2017-06-01

    Magnetised exoplanets are expected to emit at radio frequencies analogously to the radio auroral emission of Earth and Jupiter. Here, we predict the radio emission from V830 Tau b, the youngest (2 Myr) detected exoplanet to date. We model the wind of its host star using three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamics simulations that take into account the reconstructed stellar surface magnetic field. Our simulations allow us to constrain the local conditions of the environment surrounding V830 Tau b that we use to then compute its radio emission. We estimate average radio flux densities of 6 to 24 mJy, depending on the assumption of the radius of the planet (one or two Jupiter radii). These radio fluxes are not constant along one planetary orbit, and present peaks that are up to twice the average values. We show here that these fluxes are weakly dependent (a factor of 1.8) on the assumed polar planetary magnetic field (10 to 100 G), opposed to the maximum frequency of the emission, which ranges from 18 to 240 MHz. We also estimate the thermal radio emission from the stellar wind. By comparing our results with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array and the Very Long Baseline Array observations of the system, we constrain the stellar mass-loss rate to be ≲ 3 × 10-9M⊙ yr-1, with likely values between 10-12 and 10-10M⊙ yr-1. With these values, we estimate that the frequency-dependent extension of the radio-emitting wind is around 3 to 30 stellar radii (R⋆) for frequencies in the range of 275 to 50 MHz, implying that V830 Tau b, at an orbital distance of 6.1 R⋆, could be embedded in the regions of the host star's wind that are optically thick to radio wavelengths, but not deeply so. We also note that planetary emission can only propagate in the stellar wind plasma if the frequency of the cyclotron emission exceeds the stellar wind plasma frequency. In other words, we find that for planetary radio emission to propagate through the host star wind, planetary magnetic field

  20. Variable low-frequency radio emission of the solar system and galactic objects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Konovalenko, Alexander; Kolyadin, Vladimir; Rucker, Helmut; Zakharenko, Vyacheslav; Zarka, Philippe; Griessmeier, Jean-M.; Denis, Loran; Melnik, Valentin; Litvinenko, Galina; Zaitsev, Valerij; Falkovich, Igor; Ulyanov, Oleg; Sidorchuk, Mikhail; Stepkin, Sergej; Stanislavskij, Alexander; Kalinichenko, Nikolaj; Boiko, Nastja; Vasiljiva, Iaroslavna; Mukha, Dmytro; Koval, Artem

    2013-04-01

    There are many physical processes and propagation effects for the producing the time variable radio emission just at the low frequencies (at the decameter wavelength). The study of this radio emission is the important part of the modern radio astronomy. Strong progress in the development of the radio telescopes, methods and instrumentation allowed to start the corresponding investigations at new quality and quantity levels. It related to the implementation of the world largest UTR-2 radio telescope (effective area is more than 100 000 sq.m) more high sensitive at frequencies less than 30 MHz. During last years many new observations were carried out with this radio telescope and many new effects have been detected for the Sun, planets, interplanetary medium, exoplanets as well as various kinds of the stars.

  1. PREDICTION OF TYPE II SOLAR RADIO BURSTS BY THREE-DIMENSIONAL MHD CORONAL MASS EJECTION AND KINETIC RADIO EMISSION SIMULATIONS

    SciTech Connect

    Schmidt, J. M.; Cairns, Iver H.; Hillan, D. S.

    2013-08-20

    Type II solar radio bursts are the primary radio emissions generated by shocks and they are linked with impending space weather events at Earth. We simulate type II bursts by combining elaborate three-dimensional MHD simulations of realistic coronal mass ejections (CMEs) at the Sun with an analytic kinetic radiation theory developed recently. The modeling includes initialization with solar magnetic and active region fields reconstructed from magnetograms of the Sun, a flux rope of the initial CME dimensioned with STEREO spacecraft observations, and a solar wind driven with averaged empirical data. We demonstrate impressive accuracy in time, frequency, and intensity for the CME and type II burst observed on 2011 February 15. This implies real understanding of the physical processes involved regarding the radio emission excitation by shocks and supports the near-term development of a capability to predict and track these events for space weather prediction.

  2. Coherent Cherenkov radio emission and problems of ultrahigh-energy cosmic ray and neutrino detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsarev, V. A.

    2006-08-01

    This review is concerned with prospects for employment of coherent Cherenkov radio emission for detecting ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays and neutrinos. Reasons for interest in and problems of studying the ultrahigh-energy particles are summarized. A history of the development of a radio-wave method and its main merits are recalled. Current experiments and proposals based on this method are briefly discussed with emphasize on the most recent Lunar Orbital Radio Detector (LORD) proposal.

  3. CO emission from radio quiet quasars - New detections support a thermal origin for the FIR emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alloin, D.; Barvainis, R.; Gordon, M. A.; Antonucci, R. R. J.

    1992-11-01

    We report detections of CO emission from the radio quiet quasars and luminous Seyfert 1 galaxies 0050+12, 0157+00, 0232-09, 0838+77, 1353+18, 1434+59, and 1613+65, and upper limits in five others. The observations show the same correlation between CO and FIR luminosity, and between 60-100 micron color temperature and the ratio L(FIR)/M(H2), as has previously been found for luminous IR galaxies. These results support thermal radiation from dust as the far-infrared source rather than synchrotron emission. Because we have observed with two different telescopes, and in two different transitions, we have been able to constrain source sizes in a few objects.

  4. Ground-based decameter wavelength observations of the planetary and stellar radio emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Konovalenko, A. A.; Rucker, H. O.; Lecacheux, A.; Melnik, V. N.; Litvinenko, G. V.; Abranin, E. P.; Falkovich, I. S.

    2007-08-01

    The studies of the non-thermal radio emission of the magnetized objects (the Sun, planets, exoplanets, active stars, etc.) are the important field of low-frequency radio astronomy and astrophysics. This kind of radio emission mainly relates to transient phenomena and requires for its investigations the high sensitive radio telescopes as well as the special technique and methods. Such investigations represent the significant part of future LOFAR scientific program. But the existing largest instruments (first, the Ukrainian decameter radio telescopes UTR-2, URAN) give the good possibilities for studying. Huge effective area of UTR-2 radio telescope (> 100 000 sq. m), broadband (8 *10E32 MHz), high dynamic range, the electronic steering and multi-beam ON-OFF method implementation allow to reach the sensitivity less than 1Jy, high time and frequency resolution and reliable detection of weak sporadic low-frequency radio emission events. Here we present the main results of the studies of the Sun, Jupiter, Saturn, active stars radio emission as well as outer heliosphere investigation by the scintillation method. Special interest paid to the simultaneous ground-based and space low-frequency experiments with the existing and future space missions (WIND, Cassini, STEREO, etc.). The favourable perspectives of the future investigations are evident from the presented researches.

  5. Type II and Type III Radio Emissions and Their Association with Solar Energetic Particles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Richardson, I. G.; Cane, H. V.

    2016-12-01

    It is well known that CME-driven shocks are a major source of solar energetic particles (SEPs). The solar phenomena associated with high energy SEP increases nearly always include type II radio emissions indicative of the presence of shocks. However, there is also a clear link between particles accelerated in the low corona and type III radio bursts. For the most energetic events the type III emissions extend into or occur after, the flare impulsive phase. Such emission has been named type III-l mainly because the emission is "late". In our work, we have found an excellent correlation between the pattern of radio emissions and the associated particle events. However, various other studies have investigated type III-l emissions and found the association with SEP events to be less compelling. We explore the results of these studies in order to determine why this is the case.

  6. Ultraviolet and Radio Emission from the Northern Middle Lobe of Centaurus A

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Neff, Susan

    2009-01-01

    We present deep GALEX ultraviolet (135 - 280 nm) images of the Northern Middle Lobe (NML) of the nearby radio galaxy Centaurus A. We find that the ultraviolet emission appears to have a complex interaction with soft X-ray, H-alpha emission, and radio emission, which should help constrain various models of energy transport in the NML. We also present new 90cm VLA images of the NML. The radio morphology at this wavelength is indicative of a more complex system than either a straightforward flaring jet (Morganti et al. 1999) or a bubble with trailing stem (Saxton et al. 2001). New limits are placed on the lack of radio emission from any corresponding southern counterpart to the NML.

  7. Ultraviolet and Radio Emission from the Northern Middle Lobe of Centaurus A

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Neff, Susan

    2009-01-01

    We present deep GALEX ultraviolet (135 - 280 nm) images of the Northern Middle Lobe (NML) of the nearby radio galaxy Centaurus A. We find that the ultraviolet emission appears to have a complex interaction with soft X-ray, H-alpha emission, and radio emission, which should help constrain various models of energy transport in the NML. We also present new 90cm VLA images of the NML. The radio morphology at this wavelength is indicative of a more complex system than either a straightforward flaring jet (Morganti et al. 1999) or a bubble with trailing stem (Saxton et al. 2001). New limits are placed on the lack of radio emission from any corresponding southern counterpart to the NML.

  8. OSCILLATION-DRIVEN MAGNETOSPHERIC ACTIVITY IN PULSARS

    SciTech Connect

    Lin, Meng-Xiang; Xu, Ren-Xin; Zhang, Bing E-mail: r.x.xu@pku.edu.cn

    2015-02-01

    We study the magnetospheric activity in the polar cap region of pulsars under stellar oscillations. The toroidal oscillation of the star propagates into the magnetosphere, which provides additional voltage due to unipolar induction, changes Goldreich-Julian charge density from the traditional value due to rotation, and hence influences particle acceleration. We present a general solution of the effect of oscillations within the framework of the inner vacuum gap model and consider three different inner gap modes controlled by curvature radiation, inverse Compton scattering, and two-photon annihilation, respectively. With different pulsar parameters and oscillation amplitudes, one of three modes would play a dominant role in defining the gap properties. When the amplitude of oscillation exceeds a critical value, mode changing occurs. Oscillations also lead to a change of the size of the polar cap. As applications, we show the inner gap properties under oscillations in both normal pulsars and anomalous X-ray pulsars/soft gamma-ray repeaters (AXPs/SGRs). We interpret the onset of radio emission after glitches/flares in AXPs/SGRs as due to oscillation-driven magnetic activities in these objects, within the framework of both the magnetar model and the solid quark star model. Within the magnetar model, radio activation may be caused by the enlargement of the effective polar cap angle and the radio emission beam due to oscillation, whereas within the solid quark star angle, it may be caused by activation of the pulsar inner gap from below the radio emission death line due to an oscillation-induced voltage enhancement. The model can also explain the glitch-induced radio profile change observed in PSR J1119–6127.

  9. Sharing Low Frequency Radio Emissions in the Virtual Observatory: Application for JUNO-Ground-Radio Observations Support.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cecconi, B.; Savalle, R.; Zarka, P. M.; Anderson, M.; Andre, N.; Coffre, A.; Clarke, T.; Denis, L.; Ebert, R. W.; Erard, S.; Genot, V. N.; Girard, J. N.; Griessmeier, J. M.; Hess, S. L.; Higgins, C. A.; Hobara, Y.; Imai, K.; Imai, M.; Kasaba, Y.; Konovalenko, A. A.; Kumamoto, A.; Kurth, W. S.; Lamy, L.; Le Sidaner, P.; Misawa, H.; Nakajo, T.; Orton, G. S.; Ryabov, V. B.; Sky, J.; Thieman, J.; Tsuchiya, F.; Typinski, D.

    2015-12-01

    In the frame of the preparation of the NASA/JUNO and ESA/JUICE (Jupiter Icy Moon Explorer) missions, and the development of a planetary sciences virtual observatory (VO), we are proposing a new set of tools directed to data providers as well as users, in order to ease data sharing and discovery. We will focus on ground based planetary radio observations (thus mainly Jupiter radio emissions), trying for instance to enhance the temporal coverage of jovian decametric emission. The data service we will be using is EPN-TAP, a planetary science data access protocol developed by Europlanet-VESPA (Virtual European Solar and Planetary Access). This protocol is derived from IVOA (International Virtual Observatory Alliance) standards. The Jupiter Routine Observations from the Nancay Decameter Array are already shared on the planetary science VO using this protocol, as well as data from the Iitate Low Frquency Radio Antenna, in Japan. Amateur radio data from the RadioJOVE project is also available. The attached figure shows data from those three providers. We will first introduce the VO tools and concepts of interest for the planetary radioastronomy community. We will then present the various data formats now used for such data services, as well as their associated metadata. We will finally show various prototypical tools that make use of this shared datasets.

  10. Circular polarization of radio emission from air showers in thunderstorm conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trinh, T. N. G.; Scholten, O.; Bonardi, A.; Buitink, S.; Corstanje, A.; Ebert, U.; Enriquez, J. E.; Falcke, H.; Hörandel, J. R.; Mitra, P.; Mulrey, K.; Nelles, A.; Thoudam, S.; Rachen, J. P.; Rossetto, L.; Rutjes, C.; Schellart, P.; ter Veen, S.; Winchen, T.

    2017-03-01

    We present measured radio emission from cosmic-ray-induced air showers under thunderstorm conditions. We observe for these events large differences in intensity, linear polarization and circular polarization from the events measured under fair-weather conditions. This can be explained by the effects of atmospheric electric fields in thunderclouds. Therefore, measuring the intensity and polarization of radio emission from cosmic ray extensive air showers during thunderstorm conditions provides a new tool to probe the atmospheric electric fields present in thunderclouds.

  11. Observation of radio-wave-induced red hydroxyl emission at low altitude in the ionosphere.

    PubMed

    Kagan, L M; Nicolls, M J; Kelley, M C; Carlson, H C; Belikovich, V V; Bakhmet'eva, N V; Komrakov, G P; Trondsen, T S; Donovan, E

    2005-03-11

    We report the discovery of radio-wave-induced red emission of OH Meinel rotation-vibrational bands at 629.79 nm. These are the first measurements of artificial aurora below 100 km. We believe that the 629.79-nm OH emission was due to radio-wave focusing by sporadic ionization clouds near 80-85 km altitude, thus giving a technique to visualize the low-altitude sporadic ionization and providing insight into ionospheric interactions at these low altitudes.

  12. Searches for correlated X-ray and radio emission from X-ray burst sources

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, H. M.; Catura, R. C.; Lamb, P. A.; White, N. E.; Sanford, P. W.; Hoffman, J. A.; Lewin, W. H. G.; Jernigan, J. G.

    1978-01-01

    The NRAO Green Bank interferometer has been used to monitor MXB 1730-335 and MXB 1837+05 during periods when 68 X-ray bursts were detected by X-ray observations. No significant radio emission was detected from these objects, or from MXB 1820-30 and MXB 1906+00, which emitted no bursts throughout the simultaneous observations. The data place upper limits on radio emission from these objects in the 2695 and 8085 MHz bands.

  13. Faraday rotation in Jupiter's decametric radio emission used for remote sensing of the terrestrial ionosphere and the emission's source region at Jupiter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ladreiter, H. P.; Litvinenko, G.; Boudjada, M. Y.; Rucker, H. O.

    1995-12-01

    Faraday rotation in the Jovian decametric radiation (DAM) is a well-known phenomenon when performing observations from ground-based telescopes which are sensitive to linear polarization. It is due to the different phase velocity of the ordinary and extra-ordinary wave modes that results in a rotation of the major axis of the elliptically polarized Jovian decametric emission when propagating through a magneto-active plasma. The amount of rotation is frequency dependent and therefore the Faraday rotation can be well recognized on the dynamic spectra by intensity minima (when the major axis of the polarization ellipse is perpendicular to the antenna elements) and maxima (when the major axis is parallel to the antenna elements) as a function of frequency. The study of Faraday rotation allows remote sensing of the terrestrial ionosphere and/or the source regions of the decametric emission in the Jovian magnetosphere. Investigating Jovian decametric observations containing Faraday rotation made at the Kharkov radio-telescope (Ukraine), it is found that the polarization angle at Jupiter (orientation of the major axis of the polarization ellipse at the radio source) cannot unam-biguously be determined with these data. Results on the polarization angle of Jovian DAM already given in the literature are still contradictory. Also it is not yet clear whether or not the total amount of Faraday rotation observed is due to the terrestrial ionosphere or if there is additionally a considerable contribution from the Jovian magnetosphere. Using modeled Faraday rotation patterns derived by electromagnetic ray-tracing through a realistic terrestrial ionospheric model enable most of the conflicting results to be explained in the literature by systematic errors due to over-simplification made in the respective assumptions. It is concluded that the amount of Faraday rotation observed in Jovian DAM spectra can be explained by the terrestrial ionosphere. At least in the case of low

  14. Radio-Quiet Quasars in the VIDEO Survey: Evidence for AGN-powered radio emission below 1 mJy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    White, Sarah; Jarvis, Matt; Haeussler, Boris; Maddox, Natasha

    2015-01-01

    Several lines of evidence suggest that the interaction between active galactic nucleus (AGN) activity and star formation is responsible for the co-evolution of black hole mass with galaxy bulge mass. Therefore studying this interplay is crucial to our understanding of galaxy formation and evolution. The new generation of radio surveys are able to play a key role in this area, as both processes produce radio emission.We use a combination of optical and near-infrared photometry to select a sample of 72 quasars from the VISTA Deep Extragalactic Observations (VIDEO) Survey, over 1 deg2. The depth of VIDEO allows us to study very low accretion rates and/or lower-mass black holes. 26% of the candidate quasar sample has been spectroscopically confirmed using the Southern African Large Telescope and the VIMOS VLT Deep Survey. We then use a radio-stacking technique to sample below the nominal flux-density threshold of existing Very Large Array data at 1.4 GHz. In agreement with other work, we show that a power-law fit to the radio number counts is inadequate, with an upturn in the counts being observed at these faint luminosities. Previous authors attribute this to an emergent star-forming population. However, by comparing radio emission from our quasars with that from a control sample of galaxies, we suggest that this emission is predominantly caused by accretion activity. Further support for an AGN origin is provided by a comparison of two independent estimates of star formation rate. These findings have important implications for modelling radio populations below 1 mJy, which is necessary for the development of the Square Kilometre Array.

  15. LATE-TIME RADIO EMISSION FROM X-RAY-SELECTED TIDAL DISRUPTION EVENTS

    SciTech Connect

    Bower, Geoffrey C.; Cenko, S. Bradley; Silverman, Jeffrey M.; Bloom, Joshua S.; Metzger, Brian D.

    2013-02-15

    We present new observations with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array of seven X-ray-selected tidal disruption events (TDEs). The radio observations were carried out between 9 and 22 years after the initial X-ray discovery, and thus probe the late-time formation of relativistic jets and jet interactions with the interstellar medium in these systems. We detect a compact radio source in the nucleus of the galaxy IC 3599 and a compact radio source that is a possible counterpart to RX J1420.4+5334. We find no radio counterparts for five other sources with flux density upper limits between 51 and 200 {mu}Jy (3{sigma}). If the detections truly represent late radio emission associated with a TDE, then our results suggest that a fraction, {approx}> 10%, of X-ray-detected TDEs are accompanied by relativistic jets. We explore several models for producing late radio emission, including interaction of the jet with gas in the circumnuclear environment (blast wave model), and emission from the core of the jet itself. Upper limits on the radio flux density from archival observations suggest that the jet formation may have been delayed for years after the TDE, possibly triggered by the accretion rate dropping below a critical threshold of {approx}10{sup -2}-10{sup -3} M-dot {sub Edd}. The non-detections are also consistent with this scenario; deeper radio observations can determine whether relativistic jets are present in these systems. The emission from RX J1420.4+5334 is also consistent with the predictions of the blast wave model; however, the radio emission from IC 3599 is substantially underluminous, and its spectral slope is too flat, relative to the blast wave model expectations. Future radio monitoring of IC 3599 and RX J1420.4+5334 will help to better constrain the nature of the jets in these systems.

  16. The low-frequency radio emission in blazar PKS2155-304

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pandey-Pommier, M.; Sirothia, S.; Chadwick, P.; Martin, J.-M.; Colom, P.; van Driel, W.; Combes, F.; Kharb, P.; Crespeau, P.-J.; Richard, J.; Guiderdoni, B.

    2016-12-01

    We report radio imaging and monitoring observations in the frequency range 0.235 - 2.7 GHz during the flaring mode of PKS 2155-304, one of the brightest BL Lac objects. The high sensitivity GMRT observations not only reveal extended kpc-scale jet and FRI type lobe morphology in this erstwhile 'extended-core' blazar but also delineate the morphological details, thanks to its arcsec scale resolution. The radio light curve during the end phase of the outburst measured in 2008 shows high variability (8.5%) in the jet emission in the GHz range, compared to the lower core variability (3.2%) seen at the lowest frequencies. The excess of flux density with a very steep spectral index in the MHz range supports the presence of extra diffuse emission at low frequencies. The analysis of multi wavelength (radio/optical/gamma-ray) light curves at different radio frequencies confirms the variability of the core region and agrees with the scenario of high energy emission in gamma-rays due to inverse Compton emission from a collimated relativistic plasma jet followed by synchrotron emission in radio. Clearly, these results give an interesting insight of the jet emission mechanisms in blazars and highlight the importance of studying such objects with low frequency radio interferometers like LOFAR and the SKA and its precursor instruments.

  17. A Giant Radio Flare from Cygnus X-3 with Associated Gamma-Ray Emission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Corbel, S.; Dubus, G.; Tomsick, J. A.; Szostek, A.; Corbet, R. H. D.; Miller-Jones, J. C. A.; Richards, J. L.; Pooley, G.; Trushkin, S.; Dubois, R.; hide

    2012-01-01

    With frequent flaring activity of its relativistic jets, Cygnus X-3 (Cyg X-3) is one of the most active microquasars and is the only Galactic black hole candidate with confirmed high energy gamma-ray emission, thanks to detections by Fermi/LAT and AGILE. In 2011, Cyg X-3 was observed to transit to a soft X-ray state, which is known to be associated with high-energy gamma-ray emission. We present the results of a multiwavelength campaign covering a quenched state, when radio emission from Cyg X-3 is at its weakest and the X-ray spectrum is very soft. A giant (approx 20 Jy) optically thin radio flare marks the end of the quenched state, accompanied by rising non-thermal hard X-rays. Fermi/LAT observations (E greater than or equal 100 MeV) reveal renewed gamma-ray activity associated with this giant radio flare, suggesting a common origin for all non-thermal components. In addition, current observations unambiguously show that the gamma-ray emission is not exclusively related to the rare giant radio flares. A 3-week period of gamma-ray emission is also detected when Cyg X-3 was weakly flaring in radio, right before transition to the radio quenched state. No gamma rays are observed during the one-month long quenched state, when the radio flux is weakest. Our results suggest transitions into and out of the ultrasoft X-ray (radio quenched) state trigger gamma-ray emission, implying a connection to the accretion process, and also that the gamma-ray activity is related to the level of radio flux (and possibly shock formation), strengthening the connection to the relativistic jets.

  18. Effects of electromagnetic ion cyclotron rising tone emissions on the magnetospheric plasmas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shoji, M.; Omura, Y.

    2015-12-01

    We perform self-consistent hybrid simulations on electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) triggered emissions with a gradient of the non-uniform ambient magnetic field and obtained broadband and clear rising tone EMIC emissions. We also performed the test particle simulations for scattering of the relativistic electrons. Broadband emissions induce rapid precipitation of energetic protons and relativistic electrons into the loss cone since the scattering by the concurrent triggering takes place faster than that of the coherent emissions. The coherent triggered emission causes efficient proton acceleration around the equator because of the stable particle trapping by the coherent rising tone emission. Nonlinear trapping causes significant relativistic electron scattering in wide energy range. Since the frequency of the rising tone emissions reaches close to the gyro-frequency and the emission also induces lower band EMIC waves which are also close to the gyro-frequency, the minimum resonance energy of the electrons reaches 300 keV. The higher energetic electrons (with 6 MeV to 20 MeV) are scattered almost 70 % for both broadband and rising tone cases. The hybrid simulations including cold ion heating are also performed, which shows the selective heating of heavy ions (Helium and Oxygen). These heating mechanism also makes the dynamic spectrum of the EMIC wave complex.

  19. Observing the Plasma-Physical Processes of Pulsar Radio Emission with Arecibo

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rankin, Joanna M.

    2017-01-01

    With their enormous densities and fields, neutron stars entail some of the most exotic physics in the cosmos. Similarly, the physical mechanisms of pulsar radio emission are no less exotic, and we are only now beginning to understand them. The talk will provide an introduction to the phenomenology of radio pulsar emission and focus on those aspects of the exquisite Arecibo observations that bear on their challenging emission physics.The commonalities of the radio beamforms of most slow pulsars (and some millisecond pulsars) argue strongly that their magnetic fields have a nearly dipolar structure at the height of their radio emission regions. These heights can often be determined by aberration/retardation analyses. Similarly, measurement of the orientation of the polarized radio emission with respect to the emitting magnetic field facilitates identification of the physical(X/O) emission modes and study of the plasma coupling to the electromagnetic radiation.While the physics of primary plasma generation above the pulsar polar cap is only beginning to be understood, it is clear that the radio pulsars we see are able to generate copious amounts of electron-positron plasma in their emission regions. Within the nearly dipolar field structure of these emission regions, the plasma density is near to that of the Goldreich-Julian model, and so the physical conditions in these regions can be accurately estimated.These conditions show that the plasma frequencies in the emission regions are much higher than the frequency of the emitted radiation, such that the plasma couples most easily to the extraordinary mode as observed. Therefore, the only surviving emission mechanism is curvature radiation from charged solitons, produced by the two-stream instability. Such soliton emission has probably been observed directly in the Crab pulsar; however, a physical theory of charged soliton radiation does not yet exist.

  20. Plasma and radio waves from Neptune: Source mechanisms and propagation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wong, H. K.

    1994-01-01

    This report summarizes results obtained through the support of NASA Grant NAGW-2412. The objective of this project is to conduct a comprehensive investigation of the radio wave emission observed by the planetary radio astronomy (PRA) instrument on board Voyager 2 as if flew by Neptune. This study has included data analysis, theoretical and numerical calculations, ray tracing, and modeling to determine the possible source mechanism(s) and locations of the Neptune radio emissions. We have completed four papers, which are included in the appendix. The paper 'Modeling of Whistler Ray Paths in the Magnetosphere of Neptune' investigated the propagation and dispersion of lighting-generated whistler in the magnetosphere of Neptune by using three dimensional ray tracing. The two papers 'Numerical Simulations of Bursty Radio Emissions from Planetary Magnetospheres' and 'Numerical Simulations of Bursty Planetary Radio Emissions' employed numerical simulations to investigate an alternate source mechanism of bursty radio emissions in addition to the cyclotron maser instability. We have also studied the possible generation of Z and whistler mode waves by the temperature anisotropic beam instability and the result was published in 'Electron Cyclotron Wave Generation by Relativistic Electrons.' Besides the aforementioned studies, we have also collaborated with members of the PRA team to investigate various aspects of the radio wave data. Two papers have been submitted for publication and the abstracts of these papers are also listed in the appendix.

  1. RFID Transponders' RF Emissions in Aircraft Communication and Navigation Radio Bands

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nguyen, Truong X.; Ely, Jay J.; Koppen Sandra V.; Fersch, Mariatheresa S.

    2008-01-01

    Radiated emission data in aircraft communication and navigation bands are presented for several active radio frequency identification (RFID) tags. The individual tags are different in design, operation and transmitting frequencies. The process for measuring the tags emissions in a reverberation chamber is discussed. Measurement issues dealing with tag interrogation, low level measurement in the presence of strong transmissions, and tags low duty factors are discussed. The results show strong emissions, far exceeding aircraft emission limits and can be of potential interference risks.

  2. Origin and evolution of the radio emission from immediate postoutburst supernovae

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marscher, A. P.; Brown, R. L.

    1978-01-01

    Several models for the radio emission from immediate postoutburst supernovae are examined under the assumption that the expanding remnant consists of a homogeneously mixed distribution of relativistic particles, magnetic field, and thermal plasma. The evolutionary models are: (1) an adiabatic expansion model; (2) a model incorporating the existence of a central pulsar; and (3) variations on the first two models in which relativistic electrons are accelerated either instantaneously or over an extended period of time and in which ionization, bremsstrahlung, synchrotron, Compton, and expansion losses are explicitly included. The character of the radio emission expected from these models is quite dissimilar. Whereas in adiabatic expansion models the emission is expected to increase slowly and become most intense at high frequencies, in models involving a central pulsar the emission should increase rapidly with a maximum flux density that is the same at all frequencies. The theoretical evolution of the radio emission for each model is compared with observations of SN 1970g.

  3. Wave propagation and earth satellite radio emission studies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yeh, K. C.; Liu, C. H.; Flaherty, B. J.

    1974-01-01

    Radio propagation studies of the ionosphere using satellite radio beacons are described. The ionosphere is known as a dispersive, inhomogeneous, irregular and sometimes even nonlinear medium. After traversing through the ionosphere the radio signal bears signatures of these characteristics. A study of these signatures will be helpful in two areas: (1) It will assist in learning the behavior of the medium, in this case the ionosphere. (2) It will provide information of the kind of signal characteristics and statistics to be expected for communication and navigational satellite systems that use the similar geometry.

  4. Instrument technology for magnetosphere plasma imaging from high Earth orbit. Design of a radio plasma sounder. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Haines, D.M.; Reinisch, B.W.

    1995-01-01

    The use of radio sounding techniques for the study of the ionospheric plasma dates back to G. Briet and M. A. Tuve in 1926. Ground based swept frequency sounders can monitor the electron number density (N{sub e}) as a function of height (the N{sub e} profile). These early instruments evolved into a global network that produced high-resolution displays of echo time delay vs frequency on 35-mm film. These instruments provided the foundation for the success of the International Geophysical Year. The Alouette and International Satellites for Ionospheric Studies (ISIS) programs pioneered the used of spaceborne, swept frequency sounders to obtain N{sub e} profiles of the topside of the ionosphere, from a position above the electron density maximum. Repeated measurements during the orbit produced an orbital plane contour which routinely provided density measurements to within 10%. The Alouette/ISIS experience also showed that even with a high powered transmitter (compared to the low power sounder possible today) a radio sounder can be compatible with other imaging instruments on the same satellite. Digital technology was used on later spacecraft developed by the Japanese (the EXOS C and D) and the Soviets (Intercosmos 19 and Cosmos 1809). However, a full coherent pulse compression and spectral integrating capability, such as exist today for ground-based sounders (Reinisch et al.), has never been put into space. NASA`s 1990 Space Physics Strategy Implementation Study `The NASA Space Physics Program from 1995 to 2010` suggested using radio sounders to study the plasmasphere and the magnetopause and its boundary layers (Green and Fung). Both the magnetopause and plasmasphere, as well as the cusp and boundary layers, can be observed by a radio sounder in a high-inclination polar orbit with an apogee greater than 6 R{sub e} (Reiff et al.; Calvert et al.).

  5. A study of diffuse radio sources and X-ray emission in six massive clusters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parekh, V.; Dwarakanath, K. S.; Kale, R.; Intema, H.

    2017-01-01

    The goal of this study is to extend our current knowledge of the diffuse radio source (halo and relic) populations to z > 0.3. Here, we report GMRT and EVLA radio observations of six galaxy clusters taken from the MAssive Cluster Survey (MACS) catalogue to detect diffuse radio emission. We used archival GMRT (150, 235, and 610 MHz) and EVLA (L band) data and made images at multiple radio frequencies of the following six clusters - MACSJ0417.5-1154, MACSJ1131.8-1955, MACSJ0308.9+2645, MACSJ2243.3-0935, MACSJ2228.5+2036, and MACSJ0358.8-2955. We detect diffuse radio emission (halo or relic, or both) in the first four clusters. In the last two clusters, we do not detect any diffuse radio emission but we put stringent upper limits on their radio powers. We also use archival Chandra X-ray data to carry out morphology and substructure analysis of these clusters. We find that based on X-ray data, these MACS clusters are non-relaxed and show substructures in their temperature distribution. The radio powers of the first four MACS clusters are consistent with their expected values in the LX-P1.4 GHz plot. However, we found ultrasteep spectrum radio halo in the MACSJ0417.5-1154 cluster whose rest-frame cut-off frequency is at ˜900 MHz. The remaining two clusters whose radio powers are ˜11 times below the expected values are most likely to be in the `off-state' as has been postulated in some of the models of radio halo formation.

  6. The birthplace of planetary radio astronomy: The Seneca, Maryland observatory 50 years after Burke and Franklin's Jupiter radio emission discovery.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garcia, L. N.; Thieman, J. R.; Higgins, C. A.

    2004-12-01

    Burke and Franklin's discovery of radio emissions from Jupiter in 1955 effectively marked the birth of the field of planetary radio astronomy. The discovery was made near Seneca, Maryland using the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism/Carnegie Institution of Washington's Mills Cross Array. Fifty years later there is very little evidence of this 96-acre X-shaped array of dipoles still in existence, nor evidence of any of the other antennas used at this site. The site, now known as the McKee Besher Wildlife Management Area, is owned by the State of Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Radio Jove, a NASA/GSFC education and public outreach project, will recognize the 50th anniversary of this discovery through an historic reenactment using their receiver and dual-dipole array system. Our search through the DTM/CIW archives, our visit to the site to look for evidence of this array, and other efforts at commemorating this anniversary will be described.

  7. Radio Emission from an Electron Shower in a Dielectric in the Presence of a Magnetic Field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wissel, Stephanie; Belov, Konstantin

    2014-03-01

    Several new experiments employ the radio technique to detect ultra-high-energy cosmic rays. The dominant component of the radio-frequency radiation arises from synchrotron emission due to the interaction of the cosmic ray's air shower particles with the Earth's magnetic field. Secondary, but non-negligible, radiation arises from the build up of a charge asymmetry in the shower. We present measurements from the SLAC T-510 experiment in which we bombard a polyethylene target (n = 1.5) in a magnetic field (up to a few kiloGauss) with a few GeV electron beam. Antennas in bands ranging between 30-300 MHz and 300-1200 MHz map out the radio emission in bands relevant for ground arrays and balloon-borne experiments such as ANITA. The data presented here serve to calibrate models of radio emission, ZHAires and CoREAS, by providing a suite of controlled, accelerator-based measurements.

  8. Shock-powered radio emission from V5589 Sagittarii (Nova Sgr 2012 #1)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weston, Jennifer H. S.; Sokoloski, J. L.; Chomiuk, Laura; Linford, Justin D.; Nelson, Thomas; Mukai, Koji; Finzell, Tom; Mioduszewski, Amy; Rupen, Michael P.; Walter, Frederick M.

    2016-08-01

    Since the Fermi discovery of γ-rays from novae, one of the biggest questions in the field has been how novae generate such high-energy emission. Shocks must be a fundamental ingredient. Six months of radio observations of the 2012 Nova V5589 Sgr with the VLA and 15 weeks of X-ray observations with Swift/XRT show that the radio emission consisted of: (1) a shock-powered, non-thermal flare; and (2) weak thermal emission from 10-5 M⊙ of freely expanding, photoionized ejecta. Absorption features in the optical spectrum and the peak optical brightness suggest that V5589 Sgr lies 4 kpc away (3.2-4.6 kpc). The shock-powered flare dominated the radio light curve at low frequencies before day 100. The spectral evolution of the radio flare, its high radio brightness temperature, the presence of unusually hard (kTx > 33 keV) X-rays, and the ratio of radio to X-ray flux near radio maximum all support the conclusions that the flare was shock-powered and non-thermal. Unlike most other novae with strong shock-powered radio emission, V5589 Sgr is not embedded in the wind of a red-giant companion. Based on the similar inclinations and optical line profiles of V5589 Sgr and V959 Mon, we propose that shocks in V5589 Sgr formed from collisions between a slow flow with an equatorial density enhancement and a subsequent faster flow. We speculate that the relatively high speed and low mass of the ejecta led to the unusual radio emission from V5589 Sgr, and perhaps also to the non-detection of γ-rays.

  9. Generation condition of the Upper-band and Lower-band chorus emissions in the Earth's magnetosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Habagishi, T.; Yagitani, S.; Omura, Y.; Kojima, H.

    2013-12-01

    In the present study, chorus emissions have been analyzed on the basis of the nonlinear growth theory [1] in the Earth's magnetosphere. A rising-tone chorus emission is initially generated continuously in the frequency range from 0.1 to 0.7 fce0, where fce0 is the gyrofrequency in the generation region. Because of the nonlinear damping mechanism [2] the rising-tone chorus is separated into upper and lower bands at half the local gyrofrequency for the quasi-parallel propagation toward higher latitude (i.e. toward larger gyrofrequencies). Thus the lower cutoff of the upper-band chorus indicates half-gyrofrequency at the observational point (1/2 fce), whereas the upper cutoff of the lower-band chorus indicates half the gyrofrequency in the generation region (1/2fce0). We found an observational evidence of such characteristics of upper-band and lower-band chorus observed by the wave form capture (WFC) and the sweep frequency analyzer (SFA) onboard Geotail [3]. Mainly ';'lower-band-only chorus'' (only the lower-band emission exists) is observed and occasionally ';'dual-band chorus'' (both the upper-band and the lower-band emissions) is observed by Geotail. In this study, we statistically analyze the difference between the lower-band-only chorus and the dual-band chorus, using the SFA data obtained during October, 1992 and August, 2011. It has been confirmed that the dual-band chorus is generated because of the nonlinear damping at half the local gyrofrequency during the propagation. When the dual-band chorus propagates toward higher latitudes with its the upper-band part completely damped at half the local gyrofrequencies, the dual-band chorus becomes the lower-band-only chorus. We assume that the upper cutoff frequency of the lower-band chorus equals to the half-gyrofrequency in the generation region. When 0.7 fce0 (i.e. upper limit frequency of the chorus generation) is higher than local 1/2 fce, the dual-band chorus is possibly observed because the higher

  10. The radio emission from the ultraluminous far-infrared galaxy NGC 6240

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Colbert, Edward J. M.; Wilson, Andrew S.; Bland-Hawthorn, Jonathan

    1994-01-01

    We present new radio observations of the 'prototypical' ultraluminous far-infrared galaxy NGC 6240, obtained using the Very Large Array (VLA) at lambda = 20 cm in B-configuration and at lambda = 3.6 cm in A-configuration. These data, along with those from four previous VLA observations, are used to perform a comprehensive study of the radio emission from NGC 6240. Approximately 70% (approximately 3 x 10(exp 23) W/Hz) of the total radio power at 20 cm originates from the nuclear region (approximately less than 1.5 kpc), of which half is emitted by two unresolved (R approximately less than 36 pc) cores and half by a diffuse component. The radio spectrum of the nuclear emission is relatively flat (alpha approximately equals 0.6; S(sub nu) proportional to nu(exp -alpha). The supernova rate required to power the diffuse component is consistent with that predicted by the stellar evolution models of Rieke et al. (1985). If the radio emission from the two compact cores is powered by supernova remnants, then either the remnants overlap and form hot bubbles in the cores, or they are very young (approximately less than 100 yr.) Nearly all of the remaining 30% of the total radio power comes from an 'armlike' region extending westward from the nuclear region. The western arm emission has a steep spectrum (alpha approximately equals 1.0), suggestive of aging effects from synchrotron or inverse-Compton losses, and is not correlated with starlight; we suggest that it is synchrotron emission from a shell of material driven by a galactic superwind. Inverse Compton scattering of far-infrared photons in the radio sources is expected to produce an X-ray flux of approximately 2 - 6 x 10(exp -14) ergs/s/sq cm in the 2 - 10 keV band. No significant radio emission is detected from or near the possible ultramassive 'dark core'.

  11. The radio emission from the ultraluminous far-infrared galaxy NGC 6240

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Colbert, Edward J. M.; Wilson, Andrew S.; Bland-Hawthorn, Jonathan

    1994-01-01

    We present new radio observations of the 'prototypical' ultraluminous far-infrared galaxy NGC 6240, obtained using the Very Large Array (VLA) at lambda = 20 cm in B-configuration and at lambda = 3.6 cm in A-configuration. These data, along with those from four previous VLA observations, are used to perform a comprehensive study of the radio emission from NGC 6240. Approximately 70% (approximately 3 x 10(exp 23) W/Hz) of the total radio power at 20 cm originates from the nuclear region (approximately less than 1.5 kpc), of which half is emitted by two unresolved (R approximately less than 36 pc) cores and half by a diffuse component. The radio spectrum of the nuclear emission is relatively flat (alpha approximately equals 0.6; S(sub nu) proportional to nu(exp -alpha). The supernova rate required to power the diffuse component is consistent with that predicted by the stellar evolution models of Rieke et al. (1985). If the radio emission from the two compact cores is powered by supernova remnants, then either the remnants overlap and form hot bubbles in the cores, or they are very young (approximately less than 100 yr.) Nearly all of the remaining 30% of the total radio power comes from an 'armlike' region extending westward from the nuclear region. The western arm emission has a steep spectrum (alpha approximately equals 1.0), suggestive of aging effects from synchrotron or inverse-Compton losses, and is not correlated with starlight; we suggest that it is synchrotron emission from a shell of material driven by a galactic superwind. Inverse Compton scattering of far-infrared photons in the radio sources is expected to produce an X-ray flux of approximately 2 - 6 x 10(exp -14) ergs/s/sq cm in the 2 - 10 keV band. No significant radio emission is detected from or near the possible ultramassive 'dark core'.

  12. Radio emission from air showers. Comparison of theoretical approaches

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Belov, Konstantin

    2013-05-01

    While the fluorescence and the ground counter techniques for the detection of ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECR) were being developed for decades, the interest in the radio detection diminished after the initial experiments in the 1960s. As a result, the fluorescence and the surface array techniques are more mature today, providing more reliable measurements of the primary cosmic particle energy, chemical composition and the inelastic cross-section. The advantages of the radio technique are 100% duty cycle and lower deployment and operational costs. Thus, the radio technique can greatly complement the fluorescence and the ground array detection and can also work independently. With the ANITA balloon detector observing UHECRs and the success of LOPES, CODALEMA and other surface radio detectors, the radio technique received a significant boost in recent years. Reliable Monte Carlo (MC) simulations are needed in order to obtain the energy and other parameters of the primary cosmic ray particle from the radio observations. Several MC techniques, like ZHairesS and the Endpoint Formalism, were proposed in recent years. While they seem to reproduce some of the observed data quite well, there is a divergence between the different approaches under certain conditions. In this work we derive these approaches from Maxwell's equations and prove their identity under certain conditions as well as discuss their applicability to the UHECR air showers and to a proposed experiment at SLAC.

  13. The earth as a radio source. [noting auroral kilometric radiation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gurnett, D. A.

    1975-01-01

    The primary characteristics of radio emission from the earth's magnetosphere are summarized, the origins of these missions are considered and similarities to other astronomical radio sources discussed. The auroral kilometric radiation has features very similar to Io-related decametric radiation from Jupiter and from Saturn. The radiation at fp and 2 fp upstream of the bow shock appears to be generated by the same mechanism as type III solar radio bursts. The beaming of the auroral kilometric radiation into a cone shaped region over the polar cap has some similarity to the angular distribution of radiation from Io and to the beaming of radio emission from pulsars.

  14. Solar Radio Emission as a Prediction Technique for Coronal Mass Ejections' registration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sheiner, Olga; Fridman, Vladimir

    2016-07-01

    The concept of solar Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) as global phenomenon of solar activity caused by the global magnetohydrodynamic processes is considered commonly accepted. These processes occur in different ranges of emission, primarily in the optical and the microwave emission being generated near the surface of the sun from a total of several thousand kilometers. The usage of radio-astronomical data for CMEs prediction is convenient and promising. Actually, spectral measurements of solar radio emission cover all heights of solar atmosphere, sensitivity and accuracy of measurements make it possible to record even small energy changes. Registration of the radio emission is provided by virtually all-weather ground-based observations, and there is the relative cheapness to obtain the corresponding information due to a developed system of monitoring observations. On the large statistical material there are established regularities of the existence of sporadic radio emission at the initial stage of CMEs' formation and propagation in the lower layers of the solar atmosphere during the time interval from 2-3 days to 2 hours before registration of CMEs on coronagraph. In this report we present the prediction algorithm and scheme of short-term forecasting developed on the base of statistical analysis regularities of solar radio emission data prior to "isolated" solar Coronal Mass Ejections registered in 1998, 2003, 2009-2013.

  15. High sensitive observations of the planetary radio emission in decameter wavelength

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Litvinenko, Galina; Zakharenko, Vyacheslav; Rucker, Helmut; Konovalenko, Alexander; Shaposhnikov, Vladimir; Zarka, Philippe; Griessmeier, Jean-M.; Fisher, Georg; Vinogradov, Vladimir; Mylostna, Krystyna

    2013-04-01

    The progress of the ground-based low frequency radio astronomy has opened a new approach to the study of planetary radio emission in the solar system and beyond. This is manifested in the study of the Jupiter (detection of various types of the sporadic emission), of the Saturn (investigation of the electrostatic discharges emission, SED), as well as other planets and exoplanets. High efficiency decameter wavelength radio telescope UTR-2 and modern registration systems (effective area is more than 100 000 sq.m., instant frequency band is 8-33 MHz, dynamic range is about 90 dB, the frequency resolution is about 1 kHz, the temporal resolution is about 1 microsecond) allow for a new observation and detect many interesting phenomena. This includes the detection of superfine time-frequency structures and new types of the modulations effects in the Jovian radio emission, the detection of microsecond scales in the SED emission of the Saturn, and dispersion delay of the SED signals in the interplanetary medium. In addition, the described above method of observation of the planetary signals allowed for the first time to start ground-based searching radio emission from Uranus, Venus, Mars and exoplanets.

  16. Voyager planetary radio astronomy studies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Staelin, David H.; Eikenberry, Stephen S.

    1993-01-01

    Analysis of nonthermal radio emission data obtained by the Planetary Radio Astronomy (PRA) spectrometers on the Voyager 1 and 2 spacecraft was performed. This PRA data provided unique insights into the radio emission characteristics of the outer planets because of PRA's unique spectral response below the terrestrial ionospheric plasma frequency and its unprecedented proximity to the source. Of those results which were documented or published, this final report surveys only the highlights and cites references for more complete discussions. Unpublished results for Uranus, Neptune, and theoretical Ionian current distributions are presented at greater length. The most important conclusion to be drawn from these observations is that banded spectral emission is common to the radio emission below 1-2 MHz observed from all four Jovian planets. In every case multiple spectral features evolve on time scales of seconds to minutes. To the extent these features drift in frequency, they appear never to cross one another. The Neptunian spectral features appear to drift little or not at all, their evolution consisting principally of waxing and waning. Since other evidence strongly suggests that most or all of this radio emission is occurring near the local magnetospheric electron cyclotron frequency, this implies that this emission preferentially occurs at certain continually changing planetary radii. It remains unknown why certain radii might be favored, unless radial electric field components or other means serve to differentiate radially the magnetospheric plasma density, particle energy vectors, or particle coherence. Calculation of the spatial distribution and intensity of the Io-generated magnetospheric currents are also presented; these currents may be limited principally by wave impedance and local field strengths.

  17. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TWO FORMATION SCENARIOS OF BURSTY RADIO EMISSION FROM ULTRACOOL DWARFS

    SciTech Connect

    Kuznetsov, A. A.; Doyle, J. G.; Yu, S.; Hallinan, G.; Antonova, A.; Golden, A.

    2012-02-10

    Recently, a number of ultracool dwarfs have been found to produce periodic radio bursts with high brightness temperature and polarization degree; the emission properties are similar to the auroral radio emissions of the magnetized planets of the solar system. We simulate the dynamic spectra of radio emission from ultracool dwarfs. The emission is assumed to be generated due to the electron-cyclotron maser instability. We consider two source models: the emission caused by interaction with a satellite and the emission from a narrow sector of active longitudes; the stellar magnetic field is modeled by a tilted dipole. We have found that for the dwarf TVLM 513-46546, the model of the satellite-induced emission is inconsistent with observations. On the other hand, the model of emission from an active sector is able to reproduce qualitatively the main features of the radio light curves of this dwarf; the magnetic dipole seems to be highly tilted (by about 60 Degree-Sign ) with respect to the rotation axis.

  18. The effect of solar wind and geomagnetic indices on emissions in the magnetosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boynton, Richard; Walker, Simon

    2016-07-01

    In this study, we investigate which of the solar wind parameters or geomagnetic indices have the greatest influence on plasma waves in the radiation belts. We analysed three emission types for this study: Lower Band Chorus (LBC), Hiss and Equatorial MagnetoSonic (EMS) waves. The Error Reduction Ratio (ERR) analysis was used to identify the solar wind parameters or geomagnetic indices with the greatest control over the waves. The ERR analysis plays a key role in structure detection for nonlinear system identification modelling techniques. In this application, the solar wind parameters and geomagnetic indices are the input data, while the wave magnitudes for the three emission types at different locations are considered as the output data. The ERR analysis is able to automatically determine a set of the most influential parameters that explain the variations in the emissions. The results of the analysis were obtained in frame of the PROGRESS project funded by the Horizon 2020 EU program.

  19. Observation of local radio emission associated with type III radio bursts and Langmuir waves

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reiner, M. J.; Stone, R. G.; Fainberg, J.

    1992-01-01

    The first clear detection of fundamental and harmonic radiation from the type III radio source region is presented. This radiation is characterized by its lack of frequency drift, its short rise and decay times, its relative weakness compared to the remotely observed radiation and its temporal coincidence with observed Langmuir waves. The observations were made with the radio and plasma frequency (URAP) receivers on the Ulysses spacecraft between about 1 and 2 AU from the Sun.

  20. Unprecedentedly Strong and Narrow Electromagnetic Emissions Stimulated by High-Frequency Radio Waves in the Ionosphere

    SciTech Connect

    Norin, L.; Leyser, T. B.; Nordblad, E.; Thide, B.; McCarrick, M.

    2009-02-13

    Experimental results of secondary electromagnetic radiation, stimulated by high-frequency radio waves irradiating the ionosphere, are reported. We have observed emission peaks, shifted in frequency up to a few tens of Hertz from radio waves transmitted at several megahertz. These emission peaks are by far the strongest spectral features of secondary radiation that have been reported. The emissions are attributed to stimulated Brillouin scattering, long predicted but hitherto never unambiguously identified in high-frequency ionospheric interaction experiments. The experiments were performed at the High-Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP), Alaska, USA.

  1. Unprecedentedly strong and narrow electromagnetic emissions stimulated by high-frequency radio waves in the ionosphere.

    PubMed

    Norin, L; Leyser, T B; Nordblad, E; Thidé, B; McCarrick, M

    2009-02-13

    Experimental results of secondary electromagnetic radiation, stimulated by high-frequency radio waves irradiating the ionosphere, are reported. We have observed emission peaks, shifted in frequency up to a few tens of Hertz from radio waves transmitted at several megahertz. These emission peaks are by far the strongest spectral features of secondary radiation that have been reported. The emissions are attributed to stimulated Brillouin scattering, long predicted but hitherto never unambiguously identified in high-frequency ionospheric interaction experiments. The experiments were performed at the High-Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP), Alaska, USA.

  2. Unprecedentedly Strong and Narrow Electromagnetic Emissions Stimulated by High-Frequency Radio Waves in the Ionosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Norin, L.; Leyser, T. B.; Nordblad, E.; Thidé, B.; McCarrick, M.

    2009-02-01

    Experimental results of secondary electromagnetic radiation, stimulated by high-frequency radio waves irradiating the ionosphere, are reported. We have observed emission peaks, shifted in frequency up to a few tens of Hertz from radio waves transmitted at several megahertz. These emission peaks are by far the strongest spectral features of secondary radiation that have been reported. The emissions are attributed to stimulated Brillouin scattering, long predicted but hitherto never unambiguously identified in high-frequency ionospheric interaction experiments. The experiments were performed at the High-Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP), Alaska, USA.

  3. Is lightning a possible source of the radio emission on HAT-P-11b?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hodosán, G.; Rimmer, P. B.; Helling, Ch.

    2016-09-01

    Lightning induced radio emission has been observed on Solar system planets. There have been many attempts to observe exoplanets in the radio wavelength, however, no unequivocal detection has been reported. Lecavelier des Etangs et al. carried out radio transit observations of the exoplanet HAT-P-11b, and suggested that a small part of the radio flux can be attributed to the planet. Here, we assume that this signal is real, and study if this radio emission could be caused by lightning with similar energetic properties like in the Solar system. We find that a lightning storm with 3.8 × 106 times larger flash densities than the Earth-storms with the largest lightning activity is needed to produce the observed signal from HAT-P-11b. The optical emission of such thunderstorm would be comparable to that of the host star. We show that HCN produced by lightning chemistry is observable 2-3 yr after the storm, which produces signatures in the L (3.0-4.0 μm) and N (7.5-14.5 μm) infrared bands. We conclude that it is unlikely that the observed radio signal was produced by lightning, however, future, combined radio and infrared observations may lead to lightning detection on planets outside the Solar system.

  4. Frequency variations of quasi-periodic ELF-VLF emissions: A possible new ground-based diagnostic of the outer high-latitude magnetosphere

    SciTech Connect

    Alford, J.; Engebretson, M.; Arnoldy, R.; Inan, U.

    1996-01-01

    Magnetic pulsations and quasi-periodic (QP) amplitude modulations of ELF-VLF waves at Pc 3-4 frequencies (15-50 mHz) are commonly observed simultaneously in cusp-latitude data. The naturally occurring ELF-VLF emissions are believed to be modulated within the magnetosphere by the compressional component of geomagnetic pulsations formed external to the magnetosphere. The authors have examined data from South Pole Station (L {approximately} 14) to determine the occurrence and characteristics of QP emissions. On the basis of 14 months of data during 1987 and 1988 they found that QP emissions typically appeared in both the 0.5-1 kHz and 1-2 kHz receiver channels at South Pole Station and ocassionally in the 2-4 kHz channel. The QP emission frequency appeared to depend on solar wind parameters and interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) direction, and the months near fall equinox in both 1987 and 1988 showed a significant increase in the percentage of QP emissions only in the lowest-frequency channel. The authors present a model consistent with these variations in which high-latitude (nonequatorial) magnetic field minima near the magnetopause play a major role, because the field magnitude governs both the frequency of ELF-VLF emissions and the whistler mode propagation cutoffs. Because the field in these regions will be strongly influenced by solar wind and IMF parameters, variations in the frequency of such emissions may be useful in providing ground-based diagnostics of the outer high-latitude magnetosphere. 32 refs., 13 figs.

  5. Planetary period oscillations in Saturn's magnetosphere: Evidence in magnetic field phase data for rotational modulation of Saturn kilometric radiation emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andrews, D. J.; Cecconi, B.; Cowley, S. W. H.; Dougherty, M. K.; Lamy, L.; Provan, G.; Zarka, P.

    2011-09-01

    Initial Voyager observations of Saturn kilometric radiation (SKR) indicated that the modulations in emitted power near the ˜11 h planetary rotation period are “strobe like,” varying with a phase independent of observer position, while subsequent Cassini studies of related oscillations in the magnetospheric magnetic field and plasma parameters have shown that these rotate around the planet with a period close to the SKR period. However, analysis of magnetic oscillation data over the interval 2004-2010 reveals the presence of variable secular drifts between the phases of the dominant southern period magnetic oscillations and SKR modulations, which become very marked after Cassini apoapsis moved for the first time into the postdusk sector in mid-2009. Here we use a simple theoretical model to show that such phase drifts arise if the SKR modulation phase also rotates around the auroral oval, combined with a highly restricted view of the SKR sources by the spacecraft due to the conical beaming of the emissions. Strobe-like behavior then occurs in the predawn-to-noon sector where the spacecraft has a near-continuous view of the most intense midmorning SKR sources, in agreement with the Voyager findings, while elsewhere the SKR modulation phase depends strongly on spacecraft local time, being in approximate antiphase with the midmorning sources in the postdusk sector. Supporting evidence for this scenario is provided through an independent determination of the variable rotation period of the southern magnetic field perturbations throughout the 6 year interval.

  6. A Study of Nonthermal X-Ray and Radio Emission from the O Star 9 Sgr

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Waldron, Wayne L.; Corcoran, Michael F.; Drake, Stephen A.

    1999-01-01

    The observed X-ray and highly variable nonthermal radio emission from OB stars has eluded explanation for more than 18 years. The most favorable model of X-ray production in these stars (shocks) predicts both nonthermal radio and X-ray emission. The nonthermal X-ray emission should occur above 2 keV and the variability of this X-ray component should also be comparable to the observed radio variability. To test this scenario, we proposed an ASC/VLA monitoring program to observe the OB star, 9 Sgr, a well known nonthermal, variable radio source and a strong X-ray source. We requested 625 ks ASCA observations with a temporal spacing of approximately 4 days which corresponds to the time required for a density disturbance to propagate to the 6 cm radio free-free photosphere. The X-ray observations were coordinated with 5 multi-wavelength VLA observations. These observations represent the first systematic attempt to investigate the relationship between the X-ray and radio emission in OB stars.

  7. Transition radiation model for LF radio emission produced by ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rahman, M.; Boruah, K.

    2016-03-01

    Wide-band radio emission from cosmic ray-induced extensive air showers is now well established. The electromagnetic component of the extensive air shower, during their propagation through atmosphere, interacts with their surroundings emitting radio pulses which can be detected from the very low frequency to the very high frequency. Conventional detection techniques, although effective, have lower duty cycles and are expensive. The radio method, on the other hand, provides almost 100 % duty cycle after suppressing the radio frequency interferences and is also cost-effective. Correlation studies show that there must be at least two separate mechanisms responsible for radio emission at low and high frequencies. So far, theoretical models based on computer simulations have been successful in explaining the emission at high frequencies. However, at low frequencies, the available theories have been incapable of explaining the observed field strengths as high as 750 μV/m/MHz. In this paper, a mathematical model based on transition radiation is proposed to explain the low-frequency radio emission that uses realistic particle distribution obtained from the Monte Carlo simulation code CORSIKA.

  8. Source characteristics and locations of hectometric radio emissions from the northern Jovian hemisphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reiner, M. J.; Fainberg, J.; Stone, R. G.

    1993-01-01

    Northern Jovian hectometric (HOM) radio emissions, detected from high Jovian latitudes by the Unified Radio and Plasma Wave experiment on the Ulysses spacecraft, were observed at all Jovian longitudes. This emission was observed to be predominantly right-hand circularly polarized, but some left-hand circular polarization was observed implying the presence of O mode emissions from the northern Jovian hemisphere. Intense HOM emissions, with well-defined directions and polarizations, were often confined to similar longitudinal regions where intense HOM emissions were previously observed at low latitudes. The present analysis confirms that these northern HOM sources lie in the Jovian polar regions on magnetic field lines that pass through the Io plasma torus. The observations may be consistent with emission from either a filled cone beam or a longitudinal distribution of thin hollow cones.

  9. Magnetospheric substorms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lopez, Ramon E.

    1990-12-01

    The earth's magnetic tail acts as a reservoir for the energy that is extracted by the interaction between the solar wind and the earth's magnetosphere. Occasionally, a portion of that energy is released through a violent process known as a magnetospheric substorm. The substorm is one of the most important magnetospheric phenomena, and it is the subject of extensive research. Recent work utilizing data collected by the Active Magnetospheric Particle Tracer Explorers/Charge Composition Explorer satellite, built at APL, has contributed markedly to the understanding of substorms.

  10. Radio emission at the centre of the galaxy cluster Abell 3560: evidence for core sloshing?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Venturi, T.; Rossetti, M.; Bardelli, S.; Giacintucci, S.; Dallacasa, D.; Cornacchia, M.; Kantharia, N. G.

    2013-10-01

    Context. We study the interplay between the radio emission associated with the dominant galaxy in clusters and the properties of the surrounding intracluster medium on the basis of its X-ray emission. Aims: Previous radio observations of the galaxy cluster A 3560, located in the Shapley Concentration core, revealed complex radio emission associated with the brightest cluster member. To understand the origin of this radio emission we performed a detailed multiwavelength study with high-quality proprietary data in the radio and X-ray bands and by means of optical data available in the literature. Methods: We observed the cluster with the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope, the Very Large Array, and the Australia Telescope Compact array at 240 and 610 MHz, 1.28, 1.4, 2.3, 4.8, and 8.4 GHz, and performed a detailed morphological and spectral study of the radio emission associated with the brightest cluster galaxy (BCG). Furthermore, we observed the cluster with the XMM-Newton and Chandra observatories to derive the properties of the intracluster gas. Finally, we made use of literature data to obtain the bidimensional distribution of the galaxies in the cluster. Results: The radio emission, associated with the north-eastern nucleus of the dumb-bell BCG, is the result of two components: an active radio galaxy, with jets and lobes, plus aged diffuse emission, which is not refurbished with new electrons at present. Our Chandra data show that the radio active nucleus of the BCG has extended X-ray emission, which we classify as a low-luminosity corona. A residual image of the XMM-Newton brightness distribution shows a spiral-like feature, which we interpret as the signature of gas sloshing. A sub-group is clearly visible in the surface brightness residual map, and this is also supported by the XMM-Newton temperature analysis. The optical bidimensional analysis shows substructure in A 3560. A galaxy clump was detected at the location of the X-ray sub-group, and another group is

  11. Source location of the smooth high-frequency radio emissions from Uranus

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Farrell, W. M.; Calvert, W.

    1989-01-01

    The source location of the smooth high-frequency radio emissions from Uranus has been determined. Specifically, by fitting the signal dropouts which occurred as Voyager traversed the hollow center of the emission pattern to a symmetrical cone centered on the source magnetic field direction at the cyclotron frequency, a southern-hemisphere (nightside) source was found at approximately 56 deg S, 219 deg W. The half-angle for the hollow portion of the emission pattern was found to be 13 deg.

  12. A Review of the Low-Frequency Waves in the Giant Magnetospheres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Delamere, P. A.

    2016-02-01

    The giant magnetospheres harbor a plethora of low-frequency waves with both internal (i.e., moons) and external (i.e., solar wind) source mechanisms. This chapter summarizes the observation of low-frequency waves at Jupiter and Saturn and postulates the underlying physics based on our understanding of magnetodisc generation mechanisms. The source mechanisms of ULF pulsations at the giant magnetospheres are numerous. The satellite-magnetosphere interactions and mass loading of corotational flows generate many low-frequency waves. Observations of low-frequency bursts of radio emissions serve as an excellent diagnostic for understanding satellite-magnetosphere interactions. The outward radial transport of plasma through the magnetodisc and related magnetic flux circulation is a significant source of ULF pulsations; however, it is uncertain how the radial transport mechanism compares with solar wind induced perturbations.

  13. Driving Saturn's magnetospheric periodicities from the upper atmosphere/ionosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jia, Xianzhe; Kivelson, Margaret G.; Gombosi, Tamas I.

    2012-04-01

    Saturn's magnetospheric structure and the intensity of radio frequency emissions from its immediate surroundings are modulated at close to the planet's rotation period. Analogous rotation-modulated variations at Jupiter are readily interpreted as effects of the non-axisymmetric intrinsic magnetic field. At Saturn, to the contrary, the high level of axial symmetry in the intrinsic field suggests that the periodicity is not internally imposed. A number of mechanisms have been proposed to account for the observations. Each model explains a subset of the observations in a qualitative manner, but no quantitative models yet exist. Here, using a magnetohydrodynamic simulation, we investigate the magnetospheric perturbations that arise from a localized vortical flow structure in the ionosphere near 70° S-latitude that rotates at roughly the rate of planetary rotation. The model reproduces nearly quantitatively a host of observed magnetospheric periodicities associated with the period of the dominant (southern) radio frequency emissions during the Cassini epoch including rotating, quasi-uniform magnetic perturbations in the equatorial plane, rotating mass density perturbations, periodic plasmoid releases that we associate with observed bursts of energetic neutral atoms (ENAs), periodic oscillations of magnetospheric boundaries, current sheet flapping, and periodic modulation of the field-aligned currents linked to Saturn's kilometric radiation (SKR). The model is not unique but is representative of a class of models in which asymmetric flows in the (as yet unmeasured) upper atmosphere couple to the ionosphere and generate currents that flow into the magnetosphere. It can be extended to include the second periodicity that has been associated with SKR emissions in the northern hemisphere.

  14. Radio-to-TeV Phase-resolved Emission from the Crab Pulsar: The Annular Gap Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Du, Y. J.; Qiao, G. J.; Wang, W.

    2012-04-01

    The Crab pulsar is a quite young, famous pulsar that radiates multi-wavelength pulsed photons. The latest detection of GeV and TeV pulsed emission with an unprecedented signal-to-noise ratio, supplied by the powerful telescopes Fermi, MAGIC, and VERITAS, challenges the current popular pulsar models, and can be a valuable discriminator to justify the pulsar high-energy-emission models. Our work is divided into two steps. First, taking reasonable parameters (the magnetic inclination angle α = 45° and the view angle ζ = 63°), we use the latest high-energy data to calculate radio, X-ray, γ-ray, and TeV light curves from a geometric view to obtain crucial information on emission locations. Second, we calculate the phase-averaged spectrum and phase-resolved spectra for the Crab pulsar and take a theoretical justification from a physical view for the emission properties as found in the first step. It is found that a Gaussian emissivity distribution with the peak emission near the null charge surface in the so-called annular gap (AG) region gives the best modeled light curves. The pulsed radio, X-ray, γ-ray, and TeV emission are mainly generated from the emission of primary particles or secondary particles with different emission mechanisms in the nearly similar region of the AG located in the only magnetic pole, which leads to the nearly "phase-aligned" multi-wavelength light curves. The emission of peak 1 and peak 2 originates from the AG region near the null charge surface, while the emission of the bridge primarily originates from the core gap (CG) region. The charged particles cannot co-rotate with the pulsar and escape from the magnetosphere, which determines the original flowing primary particles. The acceleration electric field and potential in the AG and CG are huge enough and are in the several tens of neutron star radii. Thus, the primary particles are accelerated to ultra-relativistic energies and produce numerous secondary particles (pairs) in the inner

  15. Formation Process of Relativistic Electron Flux Through Interaction with Chorus Emissions in the Earth's Inner Magnetosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Omura, Y.; Miyashita, Y.; Yoshikawa, M.; Summers, D.; Hikishima, M.; Ebihara, Y.; Kubota, Y.

    2015-12-01

    We perform test particle simulations of energetic electrons interacting with whistler-mode chorus emissions. We compute trajectories of a large number of electrons forming a delta function with the same energy and pitch angle. The electrons are launched at different locations along the magnetic field line and different timings with respect to a pair of chorus emissions generated at the magnetic equator. We follow the evolution of the delta function, and obtain a distribution function in energy and equatorial pitch angle, which is a numerical Green's function for one cycle of chorus wave-particle interaction. We obtain the Green's functions for the energy range 10 keV ˜ 6 MeV and all pitch angles greater than the loss cone angle. By taking the convolution integral of the Green's functions with the distribution function of the injected electrons repeatedly, we follow a long-time evolution of the distribution function. We find that the energetic electrons are accelerated effectively by relativistic turning acceleration and ultra-relativistic acceleration through nonlinear trapping by chorus emissions, and that these processes result in the rapid formation of a dumbbell distribution of highly relativistic electrons within a few minutes after the injection of tens of keV electrons.

  16. Spectroscopy of emission-line nebulae in powerful radio galaxies - Interpretation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baum, S. A.; Heckman, T. M.; van Breugel, W.

    1992-04-01

    Long-slit optical spectra of the emission-line nebulae associated with 21 low-redshift (less than 0.2) radio galaxies are analyzed. Nebulae are classified kinematically into three types: rotators, calm nonrotators, and violent nonrotators; these types are characterized. It is proposed that the rotators have dynamically young disks of gas recently acquired by the radio galaxy in an interaction or merger with a gas-rich galaxy. This is consistent with the data on the morphologies, colors, and stellar dynamics of radio galaxies with strong emission lines. It is inferred from the association of the large-scale gas kinematics with the radio and optical properties of an active galaxy that the angular momentum of the gas which fuels the AGN may be an important parameter in the determinant of how activity is manifest in an AGN.

  17. Quantitative prediction of type II solar radio emission from the Sun to 1 AU

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schmidt, J. M.; Cairns, Iver H.

    2016-01-01

    Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are frequently associated with shocks and type II solar radio bursts. Despite involving fundamental plasma physics and being the archetype for collective radio emission from shocks, type II bursts have resisted detailed explanation for over 60 years. Between 29 November and 1 December 2013 the two widely separated spacecraft STEREO A and B observed a long lasting, intermittent, type II radio burst from ≈4 MHz to 30 kHz (harmonic), including an intensification when the CME-driven shock reached STEREO A. We demonstrate the first accurate and quantitative simulation of a type II burst from the high corona (near 11 solar radii) to 1 AU for this event with a combination of a data-driven three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulation for the CME and plasma background and an analytic quantitative kinetic model for the radio emission.

  18. An Analysis of Interplanetary Solar Radio Emissions Associated with a Coronal Mass Ejection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krupar, V.; Eastwood, J. P.; Kruparova, O.; Santolik, O.; Soucek, J.; Magdalenić, J.; Vourlidas, A.; Maksimovic, M.; Bonnin, X.; Bothmer, V.; Mrotzek, N.; Pluta, A.; Barnes, D.; Davies, J. A.; Martínez Oliveros, J. C.; Bale, S. D.

    2016-05-01

    Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are large-scale eruptions of magnetized plasma that may cause severe geomagnetic storms if Earth directed. Here, we report a rare instance with comprehensive in situ and remote sensing observations of a CME combining white-light, radio, and plasma measurements from four different vantage points. For the first time, we have successfully applied a radio direction-finding technique to an interplanetary type II burst detected by two identical widely separated radio receivers. The derived locations of the type II and type III bursts are in general agreement with the white-light CME reconstruction. We find that the radio emission arises from the flanks of the CME and are most likely associated with the CME-driven shock. Our work demonstrates the complementarity between radio triangulation and 3D reconstruction techniques for space weather applications.

  19. On Using Solar Radio Emission to Probe Interiors of Asteroids and Comets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Winebrenner, D. P.; Gary, D. E.; Sahr, J. D.; Asphaug, E. I.

    2015-12-01

    Asteroids, comets and other primitive solar system bodies are key sources of information on the early solar system, on volatiles and organics delivered to the terrestrial planets, and on processes of planetary formation now observed in operation around other stars. Whether asteroids (in various size classes) are rubble piles or monolithic, and whether any porosity or internal voids contain volatiles, are first-order questions for understanding the delivery of volatiles to the early Earth, and for assessing impact hazards. Information on bulk composition aids discrimination between types and origins of primitive bodies, .e.g., the degree of aqueous alteration and bound-water content of carbonaceous chondrite bodies, and the volatile mass fraction of comets. Radar and radio methods can provide direct information on bulk composition, micro- and macro-porosity, body-scale internal structure, and on whether voids in rocky materials are volatile- or vacuum-filled. Such methods therefore figure prominently in current missions to primitive bodies (e.g., CONSERT) and in a variety of proposed missions. Radio transmitters necessary for conventional methods, however, add considerably to spacecraft mass and power requirements. Moreover, at many wavelengths most useful for radio sounding, powerful radio emission from the Sun strongly interferes with conventional signals. Here we present initial results from an investigation of how solar radio emission could serve as a natural resource for probing interiors of primitive bodies, rather than as interference. We briefly review methods for using stochastic radio illumination (aka noise radar methods), and illustrate the characteristics of solar radio emission relevant to mission design (e.g., observed intervals between emission events of specified intensity for different points in the solar cycle). We then discuss methods for selecting and interpreting observations in terms of interior properties, for bodies is different size classes

  20. ON THE ORIGIN OF THE RADIO EMISSION OF Sw 1644+57

    SciTech Connect

    Barniol Duran, Rodolfo; Piran, Tsvi E-mail: tsvi.piran@mail.huji.ac.il

    2013-06-20

    We apply relativistic equipartition synchrotron arguments to the puzzling radio emission of the tidal disruption event candidate Sw 1644+57. We find that regardless of the details of the equipartition scenario considered, the energy required to produce the observed radio (i.e., energy in the magnetic field and radio emitting electrons) must increase by a factor of {approx}20 during the first 200 days. It then saturates. This energy increase cannot be alleviated by a varying geometry of the system. The radio data can be explained by the following. (1) An afterglow like emission of the X-ray emitting narrow relativistic jet. The additional energy can arise here from a slower moving material ejected in the first few days that gradually catches up with the slowing down blast wave. However, this requires at least {approx}4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 53} erg in the slower moving outflow. This is much more than the energy of the fast moving outflow that produced the early X-rays and it severely constrains the overall energy budget. (2) Alternatively, the radio may arise from a mildly relativistic and quasi-spherical outflow. Here, the energy available for radio emission increases with time, reaching at least {approx}10{sup 51} erg after 200 days. This scenario requires, however, a second separate X-ray emitting collimated relativistic component. Given these results, it is worthwhile to consider alternative models in which the energy of the magnetic field and/or of the radio emitting electrons increases with time without having a continuous energy supply to the blast wave. This can happen, for example, if the energy is injected initially mostly in one form (Poynting flux or baryonic) and it is gradually converted to the other form, leading to a strong time-varying deviation from equipartition. Another intriguing possibility is that a gradually decreasing inverse Compton cooling modifies the synchrotron emission and leads to an increase of the available energy in the radio

  1. Understanding of particle acceleration and loss in Jupiter's magnetosphere from Juno mission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bolton, Scott

    2016-07-01

    Juno is the first Jupiter polar mission. Juno science goals include the study of Jupiter's origin, interior structure, deep atmosphere, aurora and magnetosphere. The payload consists of a set of microwave antennas for deep sounding, magnetometers, gravity radio science, low and high energy charged particle detectors, electric and magnetic field radio and plasma wave experiment, ultraviolet imaging spectrograph, infrared imager and a visible camera. Juno's extensive suite of fields and particle experiments along with the UV and IR imagers will provide the first detailed investigation of Jupiter's polar magnetosphere. The set of six microwave radiometers on Juno provide an unprecedented view of Jupiter's synchrotron emission from inside Jupiter's powerful radiation belts. The Juno mission design, science goals, and measurements related to the magnetosphere and radiation belts of Jupiter will be presented.

  2. Study of Extragalactic Sources with Extended Radio Emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jamrozy, M.; Klein, U.; Mack, K.-H.

    Galaxies (and quasars) hosting active galactic nuclei (AGN) are usually powerful radio sources which produce jets and extended radio emitting regions (lobes) of plasma. There is a huge range from less than 100 pc up to few Mpc in linear extent of the radio galaxies (RGs). RGs with sizes over more than one Mpc represent the biggest single objects in the Universe. The most extreme of those is 3C236 which has a projected linear size of 4.2 Mpc (H0 =71 km s-1 Mpc-1, Ω = 1). Another example of a giant radio galaxy (GRG) B0503-286 is shown in Fig. 1. The very large angular sizes (up to several dozens of arcminutes) of GRGs on the sky give an excellent opportunity to study the nature of AGNs and provide important constraints on the evolution of galaxies. Because of their sizes and luminosities GRGs have significant influence on the intergalactic medium (IGM). The total energy delivered into the IGM by the twin jets of a GRG is about 1054 J, which is a significant fraction of the gravitational energy released during the formation of a supermassive black hole in the centre of an AGN's parent galaxy. On the other hand, GRGs possess low equipartition magnetic field strengths and energy densities of their cocoons. This matches the statement of Colgate & Li [1] who affirm that for most radio sources located in a low-density environment only a small fraction of the magnetic energy is dissipated in the form of synchrotron radiation while the bulk of the magnetic energy is deposited in the walls and voids of the Universe. Kronberg et al. [2] suggest that the magnetic energy which originates from AGN outflows and which is stored in the intergalactic magnetic field has a major influence on the evolution of galaxies and visible structure formation on scales of up to ~ 1Mpc.

  3. RADIO MONITORING OF THE PERIODICALLY VARIABLE IR SOURCE LRLL 54361: NO DIRECT CORRELATION BETWEEN THE RADIO AND IR EMISSIONS

    SciTech Connect

    Forbrich, Jan; Rodríguez, Luis F.; Palau, Aina; Zapata, Luis A.; Muzerolle, James; Gutermuth, Robert A.

    2015-11-20

    LRLL 54361 is an infrared source located in the star-forming region IC 348 SW. Remarkably, its infrared luminosity increases by a factor of 10 over roughly one week every 25.34 days. To understand the origin of these remarkable periodic variations, we obtained sensitive 3.3 cm JVLA radio continuum observations of LRLL 54361 and its surroundings in six different epochs: three of them during the IR-on state and three during the IR-off state. The radio source associated with LRLL 54361 remained steady and did not show a correlation with the IR variations. We suggest that the IR is tracing the results of fast (with a timescale of days) pulsed accretion from an unseen binary companion, while the radio traces an ionized outflow with an extent of ∼100 AU that smooths out the variability over a period of the order of a year. The average flux density measured in these 2014 observations, 27 ± 5 μJy, is about a factor of two less than that measured about 1.5 years before, 53 ± 11 μJy, suggesting that variability in the radio is present, but over larger timescales than in the IR. We discuss other sources in the field, in particular two infrared/X-ray stars that show rapidly varying gyrosynchrotron emission.

  4. Dione's Magnetospheric Interaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kurth, W. S.; Hospodarsky, G. B.; Schippers, P.; Moncuquet, M.; Lecacheux, A.; Crary, F. J.; Khurana, K. K.; Mitchell, D. G.

    2015-12-01

    Cassini has executed four close flybys of Dione during its mission at Saturn with one additional flyby planned as of this writing. The Radio and Plasma Wave Science (RPWS) instrument observed the plasma wave spectrum during each of the four encounters and plans to make additional observations during the 17 August 2015 flyby. These observations are joined by those from the Cassini Plasma Spectrometer (CAPS), Magnetospheric Imaging Instrument (MIMI), and the Magnetometer instrument (MAG), although neither CAPS nor MAG data were available for the fourth flyby. The first and fourth flybys were near polar passes while the second and third were near wake passes. The second flyby occurred during a time of hot plasma injections which are not thought to be specifically related to Dione. The Dione plasma wave environment is characterized by an intensification of the upper hybrid band and whistler mode chorus. The upper hybrid band shows frequency fluctuations with a period of order 1 minute that suggest density variations of up to 10%. These density variations are anti-correlated with the magnetic field magnitude, suggesting a mirror mode wave. Other than these periodic density fluctuations there appears to be no local plasma source which would be observed as a local enhancement in the density although variations in the electron distribution are apparent. Wake passages show a deep density depletion consistent with a plasma cavity downstream of the moon. Energetic particles show portions of the distribution apparently absorbed by the moon leading to anisotropies that likely drive both the intensification of the upper hybrid band as well as the whistler mode emissions. We investigate the role of electron anisotropies and enhanced hot electron fluxes in the intensification of the upper hybrid band and whistler mode emissions.

  5. Gamma-ray Burst Reverse Shock Emission in Early Radio Afterglows

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Resmi, Lekshmi; Zhang, Bing

    2016-07-01

    Reverse shock (RS) emission from gamma-ray bursts is an important tool in investigating the nature of the ejecta from the central engine. If the magnetization of the ejecta is not high enough to suppress the RS, a strong RS emission component, usually peaking in the optical/IR band early on, would provide an important contribution to early afterglow light curve. In the radio band, synchrotron self-absorption may suppress early RS emission and also delay the RS peak time. In this paper, we calculate the self-absorbed RS emission in the radio band under different dynamical conditions. In particular, we stress that the RS radio emission is subject to self-absorption in both RSs and forward shocks (FSs). We calculate the ratio between the RS to FS flux at the RS peak time for different frequencies, which is a measure of the detectability of the RS emission component. We then constrain the range of physical parameters for a detectable RS, in particular the role of magnetization. We notice that unlike optical RS emission which is enhanced by moderate magnetization, moderately magnetized ejecta do not necessarily produce a brighter radio RS due to the self-absorption effect. For typical parameters, the RS emission component would not be detectable below 1 GHz unless the medium density is very low (e.g., n < 10-3 cm-3 for the interstellar medium and A * < 5 × 10-4 for wind). These predictions can be tested using the afterglow observations from current and upcoming radio facilities such as the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array, the Low-Frequency Array, the Five Hundred Meter Aperture Spherical Telescope, and the Square Kilometer Array.

  6. Anticipating Juno Observations of the Magnetosphere of Jupiter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bunnell, E.; Fowler, C. M.; Bagenal, F.; Bonfond, B.

    2012-12-01

    The Juno spacecraft will arrive at Jupiter in 2016 and will go into polar orbit. Juno will make the first exploration of the polar regions of Jupiter's vast magnetosphere, combining in situ particles and fields measurements with remote sensing of auroral emissions in the UV, IR and radio. The primary science period comprises ~30 orbits with 11-day periods with a~1.06Rj perijove, allowing Juno to duck under the hazardous synchrotron radiation belts. Apojove is at ~38Rj. The oblateness of the planet causes the orbit to precess with the major axis moving progressively south at about 1 degree per orbit, eventually bringing the spacecraft into the radiation belts. This orbit allows unprecedented views of the aurora and exploration of the auroral acceleration regions. We present an overview of anticipated Juno observations based on models of the Jovian magnetosphere. On approach to Jupiter and over a capture orbit that extends to ~180Rj on the dawn flank, Juno will traverse the magnetosheath, magnetopause and boundary layer regions of the magnetosphere. Due to the high plasma pressures in the magnetospheric plasmasheet the magnetosphere of Jupiter is known to vary substantially with the changes in the solar wind dynamic pressure. We use Ulysses solar wind data obtained around 5 AU to predict the conditions that Juno will observe over the several months it will spend in these boundary regions.

  7. Voyager 2 radio observations of uranus.

    PubMed

    Warwick, J W; Evans, D R; Romig, J H; Sawyer, C B; Desch, M D; Kaiser, M L; Alexander, J K; Carr, T D; Staelin, D H; Gulkis, S; Poynter, R L; Aubier, M; Boischot, A; Leblanc, Y; Lecacheux, A; Pedersen, B M; Zarka, P

    1986-07-04

    Within distances to Uranus of about 6 x 10(6) kilometers (inbound) and 35 x 10(6) kilometers (outbound), the planetary radio astronomy experiment aboard Voyager 2 detected a wide variety of radio emissions. The emission was modulated in a period of 17.24 +/- 0.01 hours, which is identified as the rotation period of Uranus' magnetic field. Of the two poles where the axis of the off-center magnetic dipole (measured by the magnetometer experiment aboard Voyager 2) meets the planetary surface, the one closer to dipole center is now located on the nightside of the planet. The radio emission generally had maximum power and bandwidth when this pole was tipped toward the spacecraft. When the spacecraft entered the nightside hemisphere, which contains the stronger surface magnetic pole, the bandwidth increased dramatically and thereafter remained large. Dynamically evolving radio events of various kinds embedded in these emissions suggest a Uranian magnetosphere rich in magnetohydrodynamic phenomena.

  8. Auroral medium frequency burst radio emission associated with the 23 March 2007 THEMIS study substorm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bunch, N. L.; Labelle, J.; Weatherwax, A. T.; Hughes, J. M.

    2008-01-01

    Auroral medium frequency (MF) burst is an impulsive auroral radio emission associated with substorm onset detected by ground-based instruments between 1.3 and 4.5 MHz. On 23 March 2007 an MF burst emission was detected by the Dartmouth radio interferometer located near Toolik Lake, Alaska. This emission temporally coincides with the onset of the 23 March 2007 Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS) study substorm. Directions of arrival computed using the Dartmouth radio interferometer for this event also coincide spatially with the location of the expanding auroral arcs to the south observed by the all-sky imager at Fort Yukon, Alaska. This observation represents the first example of a direction of arrival measurement for MF burst. It strongly supports the association of MF burst with intense auroral arcs accompanying substorm onset. The direction of arrival of the MF burst is consistent with the direction to the eastern edge of the substorm onset location determined by multiple data sets during this substorm and suggests that location of MF burst radio emissions may be an effective method of locating substorm onsets, much as radio atmospherics are used to locate lightning.

  9. Bright radio emission from an ultraluminous stellar-mass microquasar in M 31.

    PubMed

    Middleton, Matthew J; Miller-Jones, James C A; Markoff, Sera; Fender, Rob; Henze, Martin; Hurley-Walker, Natasha; Scaife, Anna M M; Roberts, Timothy P; Walton, Dominic; Carpenter, John; Macquart, Jean-Pierre; Bower, Geoffrey C; Gurwell, Mark; Pietsch, Wolfgang; Haberl, Frank; Harris, Jonathan; Daniel, Michael; Miah, Junayd; Done, Chris; Morgan, John S; Dickinson, Hugh; Charles, Phil; Burwitz, Vadim; Della Valle, Massimo; Freyberg, Michael; Greiner, Jochen; Hernanz, Margarita; Hartmann, Dieter H; Hatzidimitriou, Despina; Riffeser, Arno; Sala, Gloria; Seitz, Stella; Reig, Pablo; Rau, Arne; Orio, Marina; Titterington, David; Grainge, Keith

    2013-01-10

    A subset of ultraluminous X-ray sources (those with luminosities of less than 10(40) erg s(-1); ref. 1) are thought to be powered by the accretion of gas onto black holes with masses of ∼5-20M cicled dot, probably by means of an accretion disk. The X-ray and radio emission are coupled in such Galactic sources; the radio emission originates in a relativistic jet thought to be launched from the innermost regions near the black hole, with the most powerful emission occurring when the rate of infalling matter approaches a theoretical maximum (the Eddington limit). Only four such maximal sources are known in the Milky Way, and the absorption of soft X-rays in the interstellar medium hinders the determination of the causal sequence of events that leads to the ejection of the jet. Here we report radio and X-ray observations of a bright new X-ray source in the nearby galaxy M 31, whose peak luminosity exceeded 10(39) erg s(-1). The radio luminosity is extremely high and shows variability on a timescale of tens of minutes, arguing that the source is highly compact and powered by accretion close to the Eddington limit onto a black hole of stellar mass. Continued radio and X-ray monitoring of such sources should reveal the causal relationship between the accretion flow and the powerful jet emission.

  10. Time-scales of close-in exoplanet radio emission variability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    See, V.; Jardine, M.; Fares, R.; Donati, J.-F.; Moutou, C.

    2015-07-01

    We investigate the variability of exoplanetary radio emission using stellar magnetic maps and 3D field extrapolation techniques. We use a sample of hot Jupiter hosting stars, focusing on the HD 179949, HD 189733 and τ Boo systems. Our results indicate two time-scales over which radio emission variability may occur at magnetized hot Jupiters. The first is the synodic period of the star-planet system. The origin of variability on this time-scale is the relative motion between the planet and the interplanetary plasma that is corotating with the host star. The second time-scale is the length of the magnetic cycle. Variability on this time-scale is caused by evolution of the stellar field. At these systems, the magnitude of planetary radio emission is anticorrelated with the angular separation between the subplanetary point and the nearest magnetic pole. For the special case of τ Boo b, whose orbital period is tidally locked to the rotation period of its host star, variability only occurs on the time-scale of the magnetic cycle. The lack of radio variability on the synodic period at τ Boo b is not predicted by previous radio emission models, which do not account for the co-rotation of the interplanetary plasma at small distances from the star.

  11. ``Drifting tadpoles'' in wavelet spectra of decimetric radio emission of fiber bursts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mészárosová, H.; Karlický, M.; Rybák, J.; Jiřička, K.

    2009-08-01

    Aims: The solar decimetric radio emission of fiber bursts was investigated searching for the “drifting tadpole” structures proposed by theoretical studies. Methods: Characteristic periods with the tadpole pattern were searched for in the radio flux time series by wavelet analysis methods. Results: For the first time, we have found drifting tadpoles in the wavelet spectra of the decimetric radio emission associated with the fiber bursts observed in July 11, 2005. These tadpoles were detected at all radio frequencies in the 1602-1780 MHz frequency range. The characteristic period of the wavelet tadpole patterns was found to be 81.4 s and the frequency drift of the tadpole heads is -6.8 MHz s-1. These tadpoles are interpreted as a signature of the magnetoacoustic wave train moving along a dense flare waveguide and their frequency drift as a motion of the wave train modulating the radio emission produced by the plasma emission mechanism. Using the Aschwanden density model of the solar atmosphere, only low values of the Alfvén speed and the magnetic field strength in the loop guiding this wave train were derived which indicates a neutral current sheet as the guiding structure. The present analysis supports the model of fiber bursts based on whistler waves.

  12. VLF wave growth and discrete emission triggering in the magnetosphere - A feedback model

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Helliwell, R. A.; Inan, U. S.

    1982-01-01

    A simple nonlinear feedback model is presented to explain VLF wave growth and emission triggering observed in VLF transmission experiments. The model is formulated in terms of the interaction of electrons with a slowly varying wave in an inhomogeneous medium as in an unstable feedback amplifier with a delay line; constant frequency oscillations are generated on the magnetic equator, while risers and fallers are generated on the downstream and upstream sides of the equator, respectively. Quantitative expressions are obtained for the stimulated radiation produced by energy exchanged between energetic electrons and waves by Doppler-shifted cyclotron resonance, and feedback between the stimulated radiation and the phase bunched currents is incorporated in terms of a two-port discrete time model. The resulting model is capable of explaining the observed temporal growth and saturation effects, phase advance, retardation or frequency shift during growth in the context of a single parameter depending on the energetic particle distribution function, as well as pretermination triggering.

  13. Simulation of radio emission from air showers in atmospheric electric fields

    SciTech Connect

    Buitink, S.; Huege, T.; Falcke, H; Kuijpers, J.

    2010-02-25

    We study the effect of atmospheric electric fields on the radio pulse emitted by cos- mic ray air showers. Under fair weather conditions the dominant part of the radio emission is driven by the geomagnetic field. When the shower charges are accelerated and deflected in an electric field additional radiation is emitted. We simulate this effect with the Monte Carlo code REAS2, using CORSIKA-simulated showers as input. In both codes a routine has been implemented that treats the effect of the electric field on the shower particles. We find that the radio pulse is significantly altered in background fields of the order of ~100 V/cm and higher. Practically, this means that air showers passing through thunderstorms emit radio pulses that are not a reliable measure for the shower energy. Under other weather circumstances significant electric field effects are expected to occur rarely, but nimbostratus clouds can harbor fields that are large enough. In general, the contribution of the electric field to the radio pulse has polarization properties that are different from the geomagnetic pulse. In order to filter out radio pulses that have been affected by electric field effects, radio air shower experiments should keep weatherinformation and perform full polarization measurements of the radio signal.

  14. Sampling Studies Of Quasars, Radio-loud Galaxies, & Radio-quiet Galaxies -- Searching For The Cause Of Radio Emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coldwell, G.; Salois, Amee; Soechting, I.; Smith, M.

    2011-01-01

    Comparing the environments of Radio-Loud Galaxies, Radio-Quiet Galaxies, and Quasars offers an opportunity to study the evolution of these objects. Our samples have been carefully chosen from Data Release 7 of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, which also includes samples studied in the FIRST survey, and have been cut to determine the best possible results. Our study includes three samples. The Quasar sample currently contains 69 objects, the Radio-Loud Galaxy (RLG) sample has 1,335 objects, and the Radio-Quiet Galaxy (RQG) sample contains 2,436 objects (any updates will be given at the meeting). A number of trims were made to produce (smaller) samples with characteristics suited for precise results. By comparing the environments of these three samples we will be able to see any similarities or differences between them. If similarities are detected it suggests that the central object has evolved according to 'nature' - in an isolated manner with little environmental feedback, which may or may not have an effect on its evolution, as supposed by Coldwell et al. (2009). If differences are detected it suggests that the central object has evolved according to `nurture’ and that the environment may have played an important role in the development of their properties. We employ similar procedures used by Coldwell et al. (2009) in their study of blue and red AGNs. Upon the completion of an accurate sample, future work will be pursued studying a number of properties of the environments including studies of: the stellar masses, star formation rates, sersic morphologies, as well as densities and ages of the environments.

  15. The influence of eclipses in the stellar radio emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Selhorst, Caius Lucius; Valio, Adriana

    2017-10-01

    Here we simulate the shape of a planetary transit observed at radio wavelengths. The simulations use a light curve of the K4 star HAT-P-11 and its hot Jupiter companion as proxy. From the HAT-P-11 optical light curve, a prominent spot was identified (1.10 R P and 0.6 I C ). On the radio regime, the limb brighting of 30% was simulated by a quadratic function, and the active region was assumed to have the same size of the optical spot. Considering that the planet size is 6.35% of the the stellar radius, for the quiet star regions the transit depth is smaller than 0.5%, however, this value can increase to ~2% when covering an active region with 5.0 times the quiet star brightness temperature.

  16. Observations of the solar radio emission with the Callisto spectrometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Monstein, Kh. A.; Lesovoy, S. V.; Maslov, A. I.

    2009-12-01

    In the framework of the program for setting the Callisto spectrometer network into operation, the spectral measurements were carried out at the sites of spectrometer locations in India and Russia in winter 2006. The results achieved at Badary, the site where the Siberian Solar Radio Telescope (SSRT) is located, are presented. The measurements were performed using a broadband log-periodic antenna connected to the Callisto spectrometer developed at the Institute of Astronomy (Zurich). The results of these measurements should explain whether spectral studies at frequencies below 1 GHz can be performed using such antennas or new antennas should be developed. The presented results are compared with the similar results obtained in Switzerland in the frequency intervals of interest for radio astronomy. Concerning electromagnetic noise, Badary is a better site for observing the Sun in the 50-800 MHz frequency range as compared to observatories in Switzerland.

  17. A new view of Jupiter's auroral radio spectrum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kurth, W. S.; Imai, M.; Hospodarsky, G. B.; Gurnett, D. A.; Louarn, P.; Valek, P.; Allegrini, F.; Connerney, J. E. P.; Mauk, B. H.; Bolton, S. J.; Levin, S. M.; Adriani, A.; Bagenal, F.; Gladstone, G. R.; McComas, D. J.; Zarka, P.

    2017-07-01

    Juno's first perijove science observations were carried out on 27 August 2016. The 90° orbit inclination and 4163 km periapsis altitude provide the first opportunity to explore Jupiter's polar magnetosphere. A radio and plasma wave instrument on Juno called Waves provided a new view of Jupiter's auroral radio emissions from near 10 kHz to 30 MHz. This frequency range covers the classically named decametric, hectometric, and broadband kilometric radio emissions, and Juno observations showed much of this entire spectrum to consist of V-shaped emissions in frequency-time space with intensified vertices located very close to the electron cyclotron frequency. The proximity of the radio emissions to the cyclotron frequency along with loss cone features in the energetic electron distribution strongly suggests that Juno passed very close to, if not through, one or more of the cyclotron maser instability sources thought to be responsible for Jupiter's auroral radio emissions.

  18. Radio emission evolution of nonstationary sources in the Hedgehog model

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kovalev, Y. A.; Mikhaylutsa, V. P.

    1980-01-01

    Correlations are obtained for numerical calculation of flux F sub v and polarized radiation intensity of a cloud of arbitrary geometry, consisting of ultrarelativistic electrons that dissipate in a radial magnetic field of the nucleus at a random angle to the observer. It is possible that some of the variable extragalactic objects that were previously described by the Shklovskiy model are young formations in the examined model. Radio astronomical observations would permit a determination of their distance, age, and lifetime.

  19. Searching towards the Galactic Centre region for pulsed radio emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Toomey, Lawrence; Johnston, Simon; Hobbs, George; Bhat, Ramesh; Shannon, Ryan

    2014-10-01

    A search of archival Parkes survey data has uncovered a source similar to that of a radio pulsar, however the detection DM indicates that it may be either the closest pulsar ever discovered, or simply a case of mistaken identity and is in fact an RFI event that closely mimics that of a pulsar signal. We would like to propose a grid search of the location of this source, at 3 available frequency bands, in order to determine its nature.

  20. Search of the radio emission from flare stars at decameter wavelengths

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boiko, A. I.; Konovalenko, A. A.; Koliadin, V. L.; Melnik, V. N.

    2012-11-01

    Observations of the two M-dwarf flare stars (AD Leonis and EV Lacertae), which were carried out with the radio telescope UTR-2 (Kharkiv, Ukraine) in the range of 16.5-33 MHz, are presented. 167 events of radio emission from AD Leo and 73 events from EV Lac were detected in the period of 2010-2011. These events were considered as stellar emission in ON-OFF regime of observations. The morphology of the probable events in the form of bursts from flare stars is considered and frequency drift rates, durations and fluxes of the bursts are analysed.

  1. Radio stars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hjellming, Robert M.

    The state of knowledge on continuum radio emission from the stars is considered. Fundamental radio emission process and stellar radiative transfer are reviewed, and solar radio emission is examined. Flare stars and active binaries are addressed, and stellar winds and cataclysmic variables are considered. Radio-emitting X-ray binaries are discussed.

  2. Detection of Nonthermal Radio Emission from a Polar coronal mass ejection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gopalswamy, Nat; Reiner, Mike J.; Makela, Pertti; Yashiro, Seiji; Akiyama, Sachiko

    2016-07-01

    High-latitude coronal mass ejections from the polar crown region are generally of low energy and hence thought to be not responsible for driving shocks. However, the eruption of such CMEs are associated with weak post eruption arcades suggesting that particle acceleration does happen in the reconnection region beneath the erupting filaments. An unusually fast CME erupted from the southern polar crown on 1999 June 14 observed by the Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph (LASCO) on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) mission. The post eruption arcade was observed by the Soft X-ray Telescope on board the Yohkoh mission and the Extreme-ultraviolet imaging Telescope (EIT) on board SOHO. A diffuse radio emission was observed below 1 MHz by the Radio and Plasma Wave experiment (WAVES) on board the Wind spacecraft. The good temporal association between the radio burst and the CME suggests that the CME must be the source of energy for the radio emission. The drift rate of the radio burst was much smaller than that of a typical interplanetary type II burst. We suggest that the radio burst is produced by a flank of the CME-driven shock passing through a streamer located close to the east limb of the Sun. Such an interaction is likely to have caused the slow drift of the burst because the shock flank passes roughly parallel to the solar surface in the flank region. The enhanced density in the streamer makes the local Alfven speed lower, making the shock sufficiently strong to accelerate a few keV electrons that lead to the radio emission. The diffuse feature also contains a series of spikes, which suggest possible escape of nonthermal electrons along open field lines. We use the radio direction finding to confirm the results. This result has important implications for particle acceleration by shock flanks, where the geometry is expected to be quasi-perpendicular.

  3. A comparison of the radio data and model calculations of Jupiter's synchrotron radiation. I - The high energy electron distribution in Jupiter's inner magnetosphere. II - East-west asymmetry in the radiation belts as a function of Jovian longitude

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    De Pater, I.

    1981-01-01

    A comparison has been made between detailed model calculations of Jupiter's synchrotron radiation and the radio data at wavelengths of 6, 21, and 50 cm. The calculations were performed for a Jovian longitude of 200 deg and were based on the multipole field configurations as derived from the Pioneer data. The electron distribution in the inner magnetosphere was derived as a function of energy, pitch angle, and spatial coordinates. In addition, the hot region or east-west asymmetry in the radiation belts is investigated. It is suggested that this asymmetry is due to the combined effect of an overabundance of electrons at jovicentric longitudes of 240-360 deg and the existence of a dusk-to-dawn directed electric field over the inner magnetosphere generated by the wind system in the upper atmosphere.

  4. Detection of fundamental and harmonic type III radio emission and the associated Langmuir waves at the source region

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reiner, M. J.; Stone, R. G.; Fainberg, J.

    1992-01-01

    Type III radio emission generated in the vicinity of the Ulysses spacecraft has been detected at both the fundamental and harmonic of the local plasma frequency. The observations represent the first clear evidence of locally generated type III radio emission. This local emission shows no evidence of frequency drift, exhibits a relatively short rise time, is less intense than the observed remotely generated radio emission, and is temporally correlated with observed in situ Langmuir waves. The observations were made with the unified radio astronomy and wave (URAP) experiment on the Ulysses spacecraft between 1990 November 4 and 1991 April 30, as it traveled from 1 to 3 AU from the sun. During this time period many thousands of bursts were observed. However, only three examples of local emission and associated Langmuir waves were identified. This supports previous suggestions that type III radio emission is generated in localized regions of the interplanetary medium, rather than uniformly along the extent of the electron exciter beam.

  5. The ATLAS3D Project - XXXI. Nuclear radio emission in nearby early-type galaxies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nyland, Kristina; Young, Lisa M.; Wrobel, Joan M.; Sarzi, Marc; Morganti, Raffaella; Alatalo, Katherine; Blitz, Leo; Bournaud, Frédéric; Bureau, Martin; Cappellari, Michele; Crocker, Alison F.; Davies, Roger L.; Davis, Timothy A.; de Zeeuw, P. T.; Duc, Pierre-Alain; Emsellem, Eric; Khochfar, Sadegh; Krajnović, Davor; Kuntschner, Harald; McDermid, Richard M.; Naab, Thorsten; Oosterloo, Tom; Scott, Nicholas; Serra, Paolo; Weijmans, Anne-Marie

    2016-05-01

    We present the results of a high-resolution, 5 GHz, Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array study of the nuclear radio emission in a representative subset of the ATLAS3D survey of early-type galaxies (ETGs). We find that 51 ± 4 per cent of the ETGs in our sample contain nuclear radio emission with luminosities as low as 1018 W Hz-1. Most of the nuclear radio sources have compact (≲25-110 pc) morphologies, although ˜10 per cent display multicomponent core+jet or extended jet/lobe structures. Based on the radio continuum properties, as well as optical emission line diagnostics and the nuclear X-ray properties, we conclude that the majority of the central 5 GHz sources detected in the ATLAS3D galaxies are associated with the presence of an active galactic nucleus (AGN). However, even at subarcsecond spatial resolution, the nuclear radio emission in some cases appears to arise from low-level nuclear star formation rather than an AGN, particularly when molecular gas and a young central stellar population is present. This is in contrast to popular assumptions in the literature that the presence of a compact, unresolved, nuclear radio continuum source universally signifies the presence of an AGN. Additionally, we examine the relationships between the 5 GHz luminosity and various galaxy properties including the molecular gas mass and - for the first time - the global kinematic state. We discuss implications for the growth, triggering, and fuelling of radio AGNs, as well as AGN-driven feedback in the continued evolution of nearby ETGs.

  6. Simulation of VLF chorus emissions in the magnetosphere and comparison with THEMIS spacecraft data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Demekhov, A. G.; Taubenschuss, U.; Santolík, O.

    2017-01-01

    We present results of numerical simulations of VLF chorus emissions based on the backward wave oscillator model and compare them with Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS) spacecraft data from the equatorial chorus source region on the early morning side at a radial distance of 6 Earth radii. Specific attention is paid to the choice of simulation parameters based on experimental data. We show that with known parameters of the geomagnetic field, plasma density, and the initial wave frequency, one can successfully reproduce individual chorus elements in the simulation. In particular, the measured growth rate, wave amplitude, and frequency drift rate are in agreement with observed values. The characteristic interval between the elements has a mismatch of factor 2. The agreement becomes perfect if we assume that the inhomogeneity scale of the magnetic field along the field line is half of that obtained from the T96 model. Such an assumption can be justified since the T96 model does not fit well for the time of chorus observations, and there is a shear in the observed field which indicates the presence of local currents.

  7. Heliospheric 2-3 kHz radio emissions and their relationship to large Forbush decreases

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gurnett, D. A.; Kurth, W. S.

    1995-01-01

    Two intense heliospheric 2-3 kHz radio emission events have been observed by Voyagers 1 and 2, the first in 1983-84 and the second in 1992-93. These radio emission events occurred about 400 days after large Forbush decreases in mid-1982 and mid-1991. Since Forbush decreases are indicative of a strong interplanetary shock propagating outward through the heliosphere, this temporal relationship provides strong evidence that the radio emissions are triggered by the interaction of a shock with one of the outer boundaries of the heliosphere. From the travel time and the known speed of the shock, the distance to the interaction region can be estimated and is well beyond 100 AU. At this great distance the plasma frequency at the terminal shock (100 to 200 Hz) is believed to be too small to explain the observed emission frequencies, which extend up to 3.6 kHz. For this reason, we have proposed that the interaction takes place at or near the heliopause, where remote sensing measurements show that the plasma frequency is in a suitable range (approximately 3 kHz) for explaining the radio emission. From the travel time and shock propagation speed, the radial distance to the heliopause has been calculated for various candidate solar events. After taking into account the likely deceleration of the shock, the heliopause is estimated to be in the range from about 110 to 160 AU.

  8. Correlated spin-down rates and radio emission in PSR B1859+07

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perera, B. B. P.; Stappers, B. W.; Weltevrede, P.; Lyne, A. G.; Rankin, J. M.

    2016-01-01

    We study the spin-down changes of PSR B1859+07 over a period of more than 28 years of radio observation. We identify that the time derivative of the rotational frequency (ν) varies quasi-periodically with a period of ˜350 d, switching mainly between two spin-down states. The profile shape of the pulsar is correlated with the ν˙ variation, producing two slightly different profile shapes corresponding to high- and low-ν˙ states. In addition to these two normal emission states, we confirm the occasional flare-state of the pulsar, in which the emission appears early in spin phase compared to that of the common normal emission. The profile of the flare-state is significantly different from that of the two normal emission states. The correlation analysis further shows that the flare-state is not directly linked with the ν˙ changes. With a simple emission beam model, we estimate the emission altitude of the normal emission to be 240 km, and explain the origin of the flare-state as an emission height variation from the leading edge of the beam. We also argue that the emission of these states can be explained with a partially active beam model. In this scenario, the trailing portion of the radio beam is usually active and the normal emission is produced. The flare-state occurs when the leading edge of the beam becomes active while the trailing part is being blocked. This model estimates a fixed emission altitude of 360 km. However, the cause of the flare-state (i.e. the emission height variation, or the time-dependent activity across the radio beam) is not easily explained.

  9. Simultaneous observations of solar sporadic radio emission by the radio telescopes UTR-2, URAN-2 and NDA within the frequency range 8-42 MHz

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Melnik, V.; Konovalenko, A.; Brazhenko, A.; Briand, C.; Dorovskyy, V.; Zarka, P.; Denis, L.; Bulatzen, V.; Frantzusenko, A.; Rucker, H.; Stanislavskyy, A.

    2012-09-01

    From 25 June till 12 August 2011 sporadic solar radio emission was observed simultaneously by three separate radio telescopes: UTR-2 (Kharkov, Ukraine), URAN-2 (Poltava, Ukraine) and NDA (Nancay, France). During these observations some interesting phenomena were observed. Some of them are discussed in this paper.

  10. Beamed and Unbeamed X-Ray Emission in FR1 Radio Galaxies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Worrall, Diana M.

    2000-01-01

    The research exploited ROSAT's sensitivity, together with its spatial and spectral resolution, to separate X-ray emission components in the sources. Prior to ROSAT, the dominant X-ray emission mechanism in radio galaxies as a class was unclear, with correlations between the X-ray and radio emission used on one hand to argue for a nuclear origin for the X-rays, and on the other hand for a thermal origin. Our observations (normally between 10 and 25 ks in length) routinely detected the target sources, and demonstrated that both resolved (thermal) and unresolved X-ray emission are typically present. Highlights of our work included two of the first detections of high-power radio galaxies at high redshift, 3C 280 and 3C 220.1. When combined with the work of two other groups, we find that of the 38 radio galaxies at z > 0.6 in the 3CRR sample, 12 were observed in ROSAT pointed observations and 9 were detected with the four most significant detections exhibiting source extent, including 3C 280 and 3C 220.1. Moreover, we discovered extended emission around five 3CRR quasars at redshift greater than about 0.4, one of which is at z > 0.6. Unification predicts that the X-ray environments of powerful radio galaxies and quasars should be similar, and our results show that powerful radio sources are finding some of the highest-redshift X-ray clusters known to date, pointing to deep gravitational potential wells early in the Universe.

  11. Detection of Radio Emission from the Hyperactive L Dwarf 2MASS J13153094-2649513AB

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burgasser, Adam J.; Melis, Carl; Zauderer, B. Ashley; Berger, Edo

    2013-01-01

    We report the detection of radio emission from the unusually active L5e + T7 binary 2MASS J13153094-2649513AB made with the Australian Telescope Compact Array. Observations at 5.5 GHz reveal an unresolved source with a continuum flux of 370 ± 50 μJy, corresponding to a radio luminosity of L rad = νL ν = (9 ± 3)×1023 erg s-1 and log10 L rad/L bol = -5.44 ± 0.22. No detection is made at 9.0 GHz to a 5σ limit of 290 μJy, consistent with a power-law spectrum S νvpropν-α with α >~ 0.5. The emission is quiescent, with no evidence of variability or bursts over three hours of observation, and no measurable polarization (V/I < 34%). 2MASS J1315-2649AB is one of the most radio-luminous ultracool dwarfs detected in quiescent emission to date, comparable in strength to other cool sources detected in outburst. Its detection indicates no decline in radio flux through the mid-L dwarfs. It is unique among L dwarfs in having strong and persistent Hα and radio emission, indicating the coexistence of a cool, neutral photosphere (low electron density) and a highly active chromosphere (high electron density and active heating). These traits, coupled with the system's mature age and substellar secondary, make 2MASS J1315-2649AB an important test for proposed radio emission mechanisms in ultracool dwarfs.

  12. THE CONNECTION BETWEEN THE RADIO JET AND THE GAMMA-RAY EMISSION IN THE RADIO GALAXY 3C 120

    SciTech Connect

    Casadio, Carolina; Gómez, José L.; Grandi, Paola; Jorstad, Svetlana G.; Marscher, Alan P.; Lister, Matthew L.; Kovalev, Yuri Y.; Pushkarev, Alexander B.

    2015-08-01

    We present the analysis of the radio jet evolution of the radio galaxy 3C 120 during a period of prolonged γ-ray activity detected by the Fermi satellite between 2012 December and 2014 October. We find a clear connection between the γ-ray and radio emission, such that every period of γ-ray activity is accompanied by the flaring of the millimeter very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) core and subsequent ejection of a new superluminal component. However, not all ejections of components are associated with γ-ray events detectable by Fermi. Clear γ-ray detections are obtained only when components are moving in a direction closer to our line of sight. This suggests that the observed γ-ray emission depends not only on the interaction of moving components with the millimeter VLBI core, but also on their orientation with respect to the observer. Timing of the γ-ray detections and ejection of superluminal components locate the γ-ray production to within ∼0.13 pc from the millimeter VLBI core, which was previously estimated to lie about 0.24 pc from the central black hole. This corresponds to about twice the estimated extension of the broad line region, limiting the external photon field and therefore suggesting synchrotron self Compton as the most probable mechanism for the production of the γ-ray emission. Alternatively, the interaction of components with the jet sheath can provide the necessary photon field to produced the observed γ-rays by Compton scattering.

  13. Effects of exomoon’s magnetic field on generation of radio emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Griffith, John; Noyola, Joaquin; Satyal, Suman; Musielak, Zdzislaw E.

    2017-01-01

    In the recent work by Noyola et al. (2014, 2016), a novel technique of detection of exomoons through the radio emissions produced by the magnetic field interactions between exoplanet-exomoon pair is emulated based upon the processes occurring in the Jupiter-Io system. Their calculations have shown that the radio signal from the distant extra-solar planetary systems is detectable by current technology provided that the systems emanating the radio waves are relatively closer, have some form of atmosphere, and have larger exomoons. In this work, we explore the effect of exomoon’s magnetic field on the radio emission processes by considering a hypothetical magnetic exomoon and re-calculating the resulting radio flux. Then, a limit to the exomoon’s magnetic field is proposed based on the signal amplification versus the dampening effect the magnetic field induces on the secondary conditions such as the containment of ions within the exomoon’s magnetic field and the effect of the plasma torus density that co-orbits with the moon. The energy from the exomoon’s magnetic field is expected to amplify the radio signal, hence increasing the probability of detection of the first exomoons.

  14. Discovery of radio emission from the brown dwarf LP944-20.

    PubMed

    Berger, E; Ball, S; Becker, K M; Clarke, M; Frail, D A; Fukuda, T A; Hoffman, I M; Mellon, R; Momjian, E; Murphy, N W; Teng, S H; Woodruff, T; Zauderer, B A; Zavala, R T

    2001-03-15

    Brown dwarfs are not massive enough to sustain thermonuclear fusion of hydrogen at their centres, but are distinguished from gas-giant planets by their ability to burn deuterium. Brown dwarfs older than approximately 10 Myr are expected to possess short-lived magnetic fields and to emit radio and X-rays only very weakly from their coronae. An X-ray flare was recently detected on the brown dwarf LP944-20, whereas previous searches for optical activity (and one X-ray search) yielded negative results. Here we report the discovery of quiescent and flaring radio emission from LP944-20, with luminosities several orders of magnitude larger than predicted by the empirical relation between the X-ray and radio luminosities that has been found for many types of stars. Interpreting the radio data within the context of synchrotron emission, we show that LP944-20 has an unusually weak magnetic field in comparison to active M-dwarf stars, which might explain the previous null optical and X-ray results, as well as the strength of the radio emissions compared to those at X-ray wavelengths.

  15. Oscillation of solar radio emission at coronal acoustic cut-off frequency

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pylaev, O. S.; Zaqarashvili, T. V.; Brazhenko, A. I.; Melnik, V. N.; Hanslmeier, A.; Panchenko, M.

    2017-05-01

    Recent SECCHI COR2 observations on board STEREO-A spacecraft have detected density structures at a distance of 2.5-15 R0 propagating with periodicity of about 90 min. The observations show that the density structures probably formed in the lower corona. We used the large Ukrainian radio telescope URAN-2 to observe type IV radio bursts in the frequency range of 8-32 MHz during the time interval of 08:15-11:00 UT on August 1, 2011. Radio emission in this frequency range originated at the distance of 1.5-2.5 R0 according to the Baumbach-Allen density model of the solar corona. Morlet wavelet analysis showed the periodicity of 80 min in radio emission intensity at all frequencies, which demonstrates that there are quasi-periodic variations of coronal density at all heights. The observed periodicity corresponds to the acoustic cut-off frequency of stratified corona at a temperature of 1 MK. We suggest that continuous perturbations of the coronal base in the form of jets/explosive events generate acoustic pulses, which propagate upwards and leave the wake behind oscillating at the coronal cut-off frequency. This wake may transform into recurrent shocks due to the density decrease with height, which leads to the observed periodicity in the radio emission. The recurrent shocks may trigger quasi-periodic magnetic reconnection in helmet streamers, where the opposite field lines merge and consequently may generate periodic density structures observed in the solar wind.

  16. Dynamics of energetic electrons interacting with sub-packet chorus emissions in the magnetosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hiraga, R.; Omura, Y.

    2016-12-01

    The recent study has revealed RTA and URA processes, the acceleration of relativistic electrons by interaction with chorus emissions. The wave model, however, is found to require some updates based on the recent observations. We develop a new wave model compatible with the observations and study the particle motion under the influence of this new wave model. The most distinctive feature of the new model is its amplitude growth manner. The wave is excited near the equator and grows in amplitude as an absolute instability as a function of time. This amplitude growth is bounded by the optimum and threshold amplitudes. When the amplitude grows to reach the optimum amplitude, it drops down to the threshold value and repeats the growth with a saw-like shape defined as sub-packet wave. The sub-packet wave generated near the equator experiences the convective amplitude growth propagating to the higher latitude region. Since the group velocity of the wave propagation is a function of its frequency, a wave source generated and released from the equator at a certain time and a group velocity could be overtaken by another wave released at a later timing and hence a faster group velocity. In sub-packet case, this frequency value is further affected by the sub-packet amplitude wave form to make the process more complex. Into this new wave form, energetic electrons are inserted and their motions are examined. For example, a resonant electron can be entrapped by the wave, being accelerated and normally detrapped after a certain period of time, but there can be a possibility that the following sub-packet wave in a complex propagation manner coincidently entraps the electron to provide multiple accelerations. We injected a large number of electrons over a wide energy range from 10kev to 10Mev into the sub-packet wave to simulate the nonlinear dynamics of RTA and URA. The electrons motion or more precisely entrapping and detrapping processes are examined under various conditions.

  17. Planetary magnetospheres

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stern, D. P.; Ness, N. F.

    1981-01-01

    A concise overview is presented of our understanding of planetary magnetospheres (and in particular, of that of the Earth), as of the end of 1981. Emphasis is placed on processes of astrophysical interest, e.g., on particle acceleration, collision-free shocks, particle motion, parallel electric fields, magnetic merging, substorms, and large scale plasma flows. The general morphology and topology of the Earth's magnetosphere are discussed, and important results are given about the magnetospheres of Jupiter, Saturn and Mercury, including those derived from the Voyager 1 and 2 missions and those related to Jupiter's satellite Io. About 160 references are cited, including many reviews from which additional details can be obtained.

  18. THE UBIQUITOUS RADIO CONTINUUM EMISSION FROM THE MOST MASSIVE EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, Michael J. I.; Jannuzi, Buell T.; Floyd, David J. E.; Mould, Jeremy R.

    2011-04-20

    We have measured the radio continuum emission of 396 early-type galaxies brighter than K = 9, using 1.4 GHz imagery from the NRAO Very Large Array Sky Survey, Green Bank 300 ft Telescope, and 64 m Parkes Radio Telescope. For M{sub K} < -24 early-type galaxies, the distribution of radio powers at fixed absolute magnitude spans four orders of magnitude and the median radio power is proportional to K-band luminosity to the power 2.78 {+-} 0.16. The measured flux densities of M{sub K} < -25.5 early-type galaxies are greater than zero in all cases. It is thus highly likely that the most massive galaxies always host an active galactic nucleus or have recently undergone star formation.

  19. Radio emission of energetic cosmic ray air showers: Polarization measurements with LOPES

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lopes Collaboration; Isar, P. G.; Apel, W. D.; Arteaga, J. C.; Asch, T.; Auffenberg, J.; Badea, F.; Bähren, L.; Bekk, K.; Bertaina, M.; Biermann, P. L.; Blümer, J.; Bozdog, H.; Brancus, I. M.; Brüggemann, M.; Buchholz, P.; Buitink, S.; Cantoni, E.; Chiavassa, A.; Cossavella, F.; Daumiller, K.; de Souza, V.; di Pierro, F.; Doll, P.; Engel, R.; Falcke, H.; Finger, M.; Fuhrmann, D.; Gemmeke, H.; Ghia, P. L.; Glasstetter, R.; Grupen, C.; Haungs, A.; Heck, D.; Hörandel, J. R.; Horneffer, A.; Huang, X.; Huege, T.; Kampert, K.-H.; Kang, D.; Kickelbick, D.; Kolotaev, Y.; Krömer, O.; Kuijpers, J.; Lafebre, S.; Łuczak, P.; Mathes, H. J.; Mayer, H. J.; Milke, J.; Mitrica, B.; Morello, C.; Navarra, G.; Nehls, S.; Nigl, A.; Oehlschläger, J.; Over, S.; Petcu, M.; Pierog, T.; Rautenberg, J.; Rebel, H.; Roth, M.; Saftoiu, A.; Schieler, H.; Schmidt, A.; Schröder, F.; Sima, O.; Singh, K.; Stümpert, M.; Toma, G.; Trinchero, G. C.; Ulrich, H.; Walkowiak, W.; Weindl, A.; Wochele, J.; Wommer, M.; Zabierowski, J.; Zensus, J. A.; LOPES Collaboration

    2009-06-01

    LOPES is a radio antenna array co-located with the Karlsruhe Shower Core and Array DEtector, KASCADE-Grande in Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Germany, which provides well-calibrated trigger information and air shower parameters for primary energies up to 10eV. By the end of 2006, the radio antennas were re-configured to perform polarization measurements of the radio signal of cosmic ray air showers, recording in the same time both, the East-West and North-South polarization directions of the radio emission. The main goal of these measurements is to reconstruct the polarization characteristics of the emitted signal. This will allow a detailed comparison with theoretical predictions. The current status of these measurements is reported here.

  20. The Relationship Between Solar Radio and Hard X-Ray Emission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    White, S. M.; Benz, A. O.; Christe, S.; Farnik, F.; Kundu, M. R.; Mann, G.; Ning, Z.; Raulin, J.-P.; Silva-Valio, A. V. R.; Saint-Hilaire, P.; Vilmer, N.; Warmuth, A.

    2011-01-01

    This review discusses the complementary relationship between radio and hard Xray observations of the Sun using primarily results from the era of the Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager satellite. A primary focus of joint radio and hard X-ray studies of solar flares uses observations of nonthermal gyrosynchrotron emission at radio wavelengths and bremsstrahlung hard X-rays to study the properties of electrons accelerated in the main flare site, since it is well established that these two emissions show very similar temporal behavior. A quantitative prescription is given for comparing the electron energy distributions derived separately from the two wavelength ranges: this is an important application with the potential for measuring the magnetic field strength in the flaring region, and reveals significant differences between the electrons in different energy ranges. Examples of the use of simultaneous data from the two wavelength ranges to derive physical conditions are then discussed, including the case of microflares, and the comparison of images at radio and hard X-ray wavelengths is presented. There have been puzzling results obtained from observations of solar flares at millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths, and the comparison of these results with corresponding hard X-ray data is presented. Finally, the review discusses the association of hard X-ray releases with radio emission at decimeter and meter wavelengths, which is dominated by plasma emission (at lower frequencies) and electron cyclotron maser emission (at higher frequencies), both coherent emission mechanisms that require small numbers of energetic electrons. These comparisons show broad general associations but detailed correspondence remains more elusive.

  1. Aperture synthesis observations of solar and stellar radio emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bastian, Timothy Stephen

    1987-06-01

    The results of observations using the Very Large Array are presented in three major sections. The first discusses maximum entropy-type image reconstruction techniques that were applied. Both single disk and interferometer data were used to generate full disk images of the sun at a wavelength of approximately 21 cm. Using a set of six such images obtained during the sun's decline from sunspot maximum to minimum, a number of previously unreported phenomena were noted. Among these: (1) a systematic decrease in quiet sun's brightness temperature as it declined to minimum; (2) a systematic decrease in the sun's radius at 21 cm; and (3) evidence for the evolution of polar coronal holes during the course of the solar cycle. The observed variation, though not noted previously at radio wavelengths, is entirely consistent with white light K coronagraph data. The results reported here explain the conflicting nature of a number of past observations. The second section presents the results of a long term survey of magnetic cataclysmic variables (CVs). Cataclysmic variables are close binary systems which contain a white dwarf accreting mass from a late-type secondary, typically a dwarf of spectral type G, K, or M. The third section presents new results on flare stars in the solar neighborhood and in the Pleiades. Of the nearly 170 sources