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  1. Bone marrow transplant

    MedlinePlus

    Transplant - bone marrow; Stem cell transplant; Hematopoietic stem cell transplant; Reduced intensity nonmyeloablative transplant; Mini transplant; Allogenic bone marrow transplant; Autologous bone marrow transplant; ...

  2. Bone marrow transplant - discharge

    MedlinePlus

    Transplant - bone marrow - discharge; Stem cell transplant - discharge; Hematopoietic stem cell transplant - discharge; Reduced intensity; Non-myeloablative transplant - discharge; Mini transplant - discharge; Allogenic bone marrow transplant - ...

  3. Sinusitis in patients undergoing allogeneic bone marrow transplantation - a review.

    PubMed

    Drozd-Sokolowska, Joanna Ewa; Sokolowski, Jacek; Wiktor-Jedrzejczak, Wieslaw; Niemczyk, Kazimierz

    Sinusitis is a common morbidity in general population, however little is known about its occurrence in severely immunocompromised patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The aim of the study was to analyze the literature concerning sinusitis in patients undergoing allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. An electronic database search was performed with the objective of identifying all original trials examining sinusitis in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. The search was limited to English-language publications. Twenty five studies, published between 1985 and 2015 were identified, none of them being a randomized clinical trial. They reported on 31-955 patients, discussing different issues i.e. value of pretransplant sinonasal evaluation and its impact on post-transplant morbidity and mortality, treatment, risk factors analysis. Results from analyzed studies yielded inconsistent results. Nevertheless, some recommendations for good practice could be made. First, it seems advisable to screen all patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with Computed Tomography (CT) prior to procedure. Second, patients with symptoms of sinusitis should be treated before hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), preferably with conservative medical approach. Third, patients who have undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation should be monitored closely for sinusitis, especially in the early period after transplantation. Copyright © 2016 Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  4. Marrow transplantation for leukemia

    SciTech Connect

    Thomas, E.D.

    1981-07-01

    Marrow transplantation for selected patients with leukemia, as for patients with severe combined immunologic deficiency or severe aplastic anemia, has now become an accepted clinical procedure. For patients with acute leukemia who have relapsed after achieving a remission of chemotherapy, marrow grafting from an identical twin or an HLA-identical sibling has now been demonstrated to produce median remissions as long as or longer than any reported for combination chemotherapy. In contrast to chemotherapy, marrow transplantation offers the possibility of cure for a small but significant fraction of these patients. Marrow transplantation for patients with ANL in first remission has now resulted in median survivals much longer than any reported with chemotherapy. Although it now appears that more than 50% of these patients can be cured with marrow transplantation, a much longer follow-up is indicated since some patients who achieve a complete remission with combination chemotherapy are now living for a long time, and some of these patients (less than 20%) may also be cured. Current intensive research with new modalities such as interferon, Acyclovir, Cyclosporin A, and monoclonal antibodies can reasonably be expected to improve the overall results of marrow transplantation.

  5. Retinal changes in solid organ and bone marrow transplantation patients.

    PubMed

    Malerbi, Fernando Korn; Teixeira, Sergio Henrique; Hirai, Luis Gustavo Gondo; Matsudo, Nilson Hideo; Carneiro, Adriano Biondi Monteiro

    2017-01-01

    To evaluate retinal changes in patients who underwent solid organ or bone marrow transplantation. A retrospective analysis of medical records of patients evaluated from February 2009 to December 2016. All patients included underwent funduscopy. Clinical and demographic data regarding transplantation and ophthalmological changes were collected. A total of 126 patients were analyzed; of these, 108 underwent transplantation and 18 were in the waiting list. Transplantation modalities were heart, lung, kidney, liver, pancreas, combined pancreas and kidney and bone marrow transplantation. The main pre-transplantation comorbidities were diabetes and arterial hypertension. Of the 108 transplanted patients, 82 (76%) had retinal changes. All patients who underwent pancreas or combined pancreas and kidney transplantation had diabetic retinopathy. The main retinal changes found were diabetic retinopathy, hypertensive retinopathy, retinal vascular occlusions, chorioretinal infections and central serous chorioretinopathy. Retinal changes were either related to preexisting conditions, mainly diabetic retinopathy, or developed postoperatively as a complication of the surgical procedure, or as an infection related to the immunosuppressive status, or due to drug toxicity. These patients may present with complex ophthalmological changes and should be carefully evaluated prior to surgery and further followed by an ophthalmologist skilled in the management of diabetic retinopathy and posterior pole infections. Analisar as alterações retinianas de pacientes submetidos a transplantes de órgãos sólidos ou de medula óssea. Análise de prontuário dos pacientes avaliados no período de fevereiro de 2009 a dezembro de 2016. Todos os pacientes incluídos foram submetidos à avaliação fundoscópica. Foram coletados dados demográficos e clínicos, referentes ao transplante e às alterações oftalmológicas encontradas. Foram avaliados 126 pacientes, sendo 108 submetidos a transplantes

  6. Tuberculosis in pediatric oncology and bone marrow transplantation patients.

    PubMed

    Cruz, Andrea T; Airewele, Gladstone; Starke, Jeffrey R

    2014-08-01

    Five children with malignancies (3 hematologic, 1 medulloblastoma, 1 hepatoblastoma) and one bone marrow transplant patient were treated for tuberculosis over a 30-year period. Three had pulmonary disease, 3 disseminated tuberculosis, and 1 had scrofula. Four of five had positive tuberculin skin tests, cultures were positive in 5/6 children. One child died of disseminated TB after engraftment, and one child had hepatotoxicity likely related to tuberculosis therapy. All cases were potentially preventable had they been screened due to established risk factors of foreign birth (4/6) or parental foreign birth (2/6). All children should be screened for latent tuberculosis before chemotherapy.

  7. Autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells transplant in patients with critical leg ischemia: preliminary clinical results.

    PubMed

    Li, Min; Zhou, Hua; Jin, Xing; Wang, Mo; Zhang, Shiyi; Xu, Lei

    2013-10-01

    Stem cell transplant can induce vasculogenesis and improve the blood supply to an ischemic region, offering hope for chronic lower extremity ischemic diseases. Bone marrow mononuclear cells are one of the sources for stem cell transplants. We sought to observe the safety and efficacy of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells transplant for treating critical limb ischemia. Eligible patients were randomized 1:1 to receive placebo (0.9% NaCl) or 1 × 107 piece/mL bone marrow mononuclear cell transplant. For 6 months, patients' skin ulcers, ankle-brachial index, and rest pain were examined and recorded before and after treatment. Six months after the bone marrow mononuclear cells transplant, clinical symptoms like rest pain and skin ulcers gradually abated (P < .05). Ankle-brachial index also increased after the transplant (P < .01). Autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells transplant for treatment of patients with chronic limb ischemia is safe, effective, and feasible.

  8. Allogeneic Marrow Transplantation in Patients With Severe Systemic Sclerosis

    PubMed Central

    Nash, Richard A.; McSweeney, Peter A.; Nelson, J. Lee; Wener, Mark; Georges, George E.; Langston, Amelia A.; Shulman, Howard; Sullivan, Keith M.; Lee, Julie; Henstorf, Gretchen; Storb, Rainer; Furst, Daniel E.

    2010-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) after myeloablative conditioning in patients with severe systemic sclerosis (SSc). Methods Eligibility criteria for the study included SSc patients with features indicative of a poor prognosis. The myeloablative conditioning regimen included busulfan, cyclophosphamide, and antithymocyte globulin. Prophylaxis for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) consisted of cyclosporine and methotrexate. Bone marrow was transplanted from HLA-identical siblings. Results Two patients with diffuse cutaneous SSc and lung involvement who were refractory to conventional immunosuppressive treatment were enrolled in the study. In patient 1, there were no complications related to the conditioning regimen, and GVHD did not develop after transplantation. At 5 years after HCT, there was nearly complete resolution of the scleroderma and marked improvement in physical functioning. Internal organ function improved (lung) or remained stable. On examination of serial skin biopsy samples, there was resolution of the dermal fibrosis. Patient 2 experienced skin toxicity from the conditioning regimen and hypertensive crisis that was likely related to high-dose corticosteroids given for treatment of GVHD. Although this patient experienced an improvement in scleroderma and overall functioning, a fatal opportunistic infection developed 17 months after HCT. Conclusion Allogeneic HCT may result in sustained remission of SSc. GVHD and opportunistic infections are the major risks associated with allogeneic HCT for SSc, as for allogeneic HCT in general. PMID:16732546

  9. Overview of marrow transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Thomas, E.D.

    1985-12-01

    Bone marrow transplantation is now an accepted form of therapy for many hematologic disorders including aplastic anemia, genetically determined diseases and malignant diseases, particularly leukemia, and for rescue of patients given intensive chemoradiotherapy for malignant disease. The donor may be a healthy identical twin, a family member or even an unrelated person. Selection is made on the basis of human leukocyte antigen tissue typing. Intensive chemoradiotherapy is used to suppress patients' immune systems to facilitate engraftment and destroy diseased marrow. Transfusion of platelets, erythrocytes and granulocytes (or all of these), antibiotic coverage and protection from infection are necessary during the pancytopenic period. Survival rates vary considerably depending on a patient's disease, clinical state and age. Patients with aplastic anemia transplanted early in the course of their disease have a survival rate of approximately 80%. Patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia are usually transplanted in a second or subsequent remission and have a survival rate of 25% to 40%. Patients with acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia in remission have survivals ranging from 45% to 70%. More than 200 patients in the chronic phase of chronic granulocytic leukemia have been transplanted with survival ranging from 50% to 70%. Complications of marrow transplantation include marrow graft rejection, graft-versus-host disease, immunologic insufficiency and the possibility of recurrence of the leukemia. 14 references.

  10. Coping patterns among bone marrow transplant patients: a hermeneutical inquiry.

    PubMed

    Shuster, G F; Steeves, R H; Onega, L; Richardson, B

    1996-08-01

    Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) has recently become the treatment of choice for a number of malignancies. This procedure is highly technical, involving the use of radiation and chemotherapy to destroy the patient's diseased bone marrow and with it functions of the entire immune system. It is a process with toxic effects that are experienced by all patients to varying degrees. A great deal of research related to the physiological aspects of this procedure has already been done, but considerably fewer studies have examined the psychosocial aspects of the BMT procedure from the patient's perspective. Knowledge about how BMT patients understand this process and cope with its effects is important information for nurses taking care of these patients. The purpose of the study was to describe in depth the patterns of meaning employed by patients in the hospital as they coped with the experience of their BMT. Eleven patients were interviewed from one to four times a week throughout their hospitalization. Hermeneutic analysis was used to identify five major themes: physiological functioning, alertness, attitude, social relationships, and spirituality. Implications from the findings for nursing practice are discussed.

  11. [Efficacy of parenteral glutamine in patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation].

    PubMed

    Oliva García, J G; Pereyra-García Castro, F; Suárez Llanos, J P; Ríos Rull, P; Breña Atienza, J; Palacio Abizanda, J E

    2012-01-01

    Autologous bone marrow transplant (ABMT) represents a high metabolic stress. Glutamine has proven to be effective in severe catabolic states, although there are controversial studies. To assess the effect of parenteral nutrition (PN) therapy supplemented with glutamine on the occurrence of mucositis and mean hospital stay in patients submitted to ABMT. Retrospective study of patients submitted to ABMT between 2006 and 2009. In 2008, one vial of L-alanyl-L-glutamine (20 g) was added by protocol to the PN formulations of these patients. Thirteen clinical charts since that date (glutamine group) and 13 previous charts (control group) were randomly selected (n = 26). We compared the degree of mucositis and hospital stay in both groups. In the subgroup of glutamine-treated patients, we compare the glutamine dose in the patients developing some degree of mucositis with that of those not having this complication. Mean hospital stay: 27.8 ± 7.4 days (control group) vs. 20.3 ± 5.3 days (glutamine group) (p = 0.01). The severity of mucositis was lower in the glutaminetreated group (p = 0.02). The weight-adjusted dose of L-alanyl-L-glutamine in the patients not developing mucositis was higher than in the other ones (0.32 vs. 0.24 g/kg/day; p = 0.02). Glutamine supplementation reduces the degree of mucositis and hospital stay in patients submitted to autologous bone marrow transplantation. The degree of mucositis is lower in the subgroup of patients receiving higher doses of glutamine.

  12. Respiratory tract viral infections in bone marrow transplant patients.

    PubMed

    Raboni, Sonia M; Nogueira, Meri B; Tsuchiya, Luine R V; Takahashi, Gislene A; Pereira, Luciane A; Pasquini, Ricardo; Siqueira, Marilda M

    2003-07-15

    Community respiratory viruses such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), adenovirus, influenza A, influenza B, and the parainfluenza group are frequent causes of respiratory disease in bone marrow transplant (BMT) patients. During the period from March 1993 to August 1999, 810 samples of respiratory secretions, nasopharyngeal aspirate (NPA) or bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), from 722 patients with upper respiratory infections symptoms at the BMT unit of the Federal University in the state of Paraná, Brazil were evaluated for respiratory virus infection. One hundred thirty-six (17%) samples were reactive in 62 patients. RSV was found in 30 of 62 (48%), influenza A in 14 of 62 (23%), influenza B in 9 of 62 (15%), parainfluenza group in 7 of 62 (11%), and adenovirus in 2 of 62 (3%) infected patients. The most frequent clinical manifestations were cough and fever. Pneumonia occurred in 19 of 62 (31%) cases. The mortality rate was 23 of 62 (37%), being higher among patients infected with adenovirus and influenza A. Infections in BMT patients occurred during the outbreak period of these viruses in the community, highlighting the need to establish surveillance measures in units with immunocompromised patients in addition to the development of sensitive and rapid diagnostic tests for the detection of these viruses in patients with respiratory symptoms.

  13. Bone Marrow Transplantation

    MedlinePlus

    Bone marrow is the spongy tissue inside some of your bones, such as your hip and thigh bones. ... platelets, which help the blood to clot. A bone marrow transplant is a procedure that replaces a person's ...

  14. Comparison of cord blood transplantation with unrelated bone marrow transplantation in patients older than fifty years.

    PubMed

    Tanaka, Masatsugu; Miyamura, Koichi; Terakura, Seitaro; Imai, Kiyotoshi; Uchida, Naoyuki; Ago, Hiroatsu; Sakura, Toru; Eto, Tetsuya; Ohashi, Kazuteru; Fukuda, Takahiro; Taniguchi, Shuichi; Mori, Shinichiro; Nagamura-Inoue, Tokiko; Atsuta, Yoshiko; Okamoto, Shin-ichiro

    2015-03-01

    We retrospectively compared the transplantation outcomes for patients 50 years or older who received umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) with those who received unrelated bone marrow transplantation (UBMT) for hematologic malignancies. A total of 1377 patients who underwent transplantation between 2000 and 2009 were included: 516 received 8/8 HLA allele-matched UBMT, 295 received 7/8 HLA allele-matched UBMT, and 566 received 4/6 to 6/6 HLA-matched UCBT. Adjusted overall survival (OS) was significantly lower in those who underwent UCBT than those who underwent 8/8 HLA-matched UBMT but was similar to that of 7/8 HLA-matched UBMT (the 2-year OS after 8/8 HLA-matched UBMT, 7/8 HLA-matched UBMT, and UCBT were 49% [95% confidence interval (CI), 45% to 55%], 38% [95% CI, 32% to 45%], and 39% [95% CI, 34% to 43%], respectively). However, adjusted OS was similar between 8/8 HLA-matched UBMT and UCBT receiving ≥.84 × 10(5) CD34(+) cells/kg among those with acute myeloid leukemia and those with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (the 2-year OS was 49% [95% CI, 43% to 55%], and 49% [95% CI, 41% to 58%], respectively). These data suggest that UCB is a reasonable alternative donor/stem cell source for elderly patients with similar outcomes compared with UBM from 8/8 HLA-matched unrelated donors when the graft containing ≥.84 × 10(5) CD34(+) cells/kg is available. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. The Effects of a Comprehensive Coping Strategy on Clinical Outcomes in Breast Cancer Bone Marrow Transplant Patients and Primary Caregiver.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-08-01

    4 Introduction Autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) consists of the administration of high- dose chemotherapy and in some cases, total...manuscript with this report " Pain, Psychological Distress, Health Status, and Coping in Breast Cancer Patients scheduled for Autologous Bone Marrow Transplantation ". This...complications after bone marrow transplantation . Seminars in Oncology Nursing, (4)15-24. 3. Knobf, M.T. (1986). Physical and psychological distress

  16. A patient with progressive multiple myeloma treated successfully with arsenic trioxide after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Gesundheit, B; Shapira, M Y; Ackerstein, A; Resnik, I B; Bitan, M; Or, R

    2007-01-01

    Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable progressive disease. Many therapeutic options are available to delay progression, including autologous and allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. At advanced stages, MM is often refractory to treatment. We report a heavily pretreated patient with graft-versus-host disease after bone marrow transplantations, treated at a terminal stage with a modified protocol for arsenic trioxide (ATO). This patient with poor clinical status tolerated the treatment very well. He had a remarkable clinical response and achieved complete remission. The mechanisms of ATO are presented and the potential role of ATO for MM is discussed.

  17. Busulfan and total body irradiation as antihematopoietic stem cell agents in the preparation of patients with congenital bone marrow disorders for allogenic bone marrow transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Parkman, R.; Rappeport, J.M.; Hellman, S.; Lipton, J.; Smith, B.; Geha, R.; Nathan, D.G.

    1984-10-01

    The capacity of busulfan and total body irradiation to ablate hematopoietic stem cells as preparation for the allogeneic bone marrow transplantation of patients with congenital bone marrow disorders was studied. Fourteen patients received 18 transplants; busulfan was used in the preparatory regimen of eight transplants and total body irradiation in the regimens of six transplants. Sustained hematopoietic ablation was achieved in six of eight patients prepared with busulfan and in all six patients prepared with total body irradiation. Three patients prepared with total body irradiation died with idiopathic interstitial pneumonitis, whereas no patients receiving busulfan developed interstitial pneumonitis. The optimal antihematopoietic stem cell agent to be used for the preparation of patients with congenital bone marrow disorder for bone marrow transplantation is not certain.

  18. Moyamoya syndrome after cranial irradiation for bone marrow transplantation in a patient with acute leukemia.

    PubMed

    Ishikawa, N; Tajima, G; Yofune, N; Nishimura, S; Kobayashi, M

    2006-12-01

    It is well known that radiation-induced vasculopathy and arteritis are two of the complications of whole brain radiation therapy. Moyamoya syndromes after cranial irradiation among patients with brain tumors were previously reported. However, we could find only three cases of prophylactic cranial irradiation for hematological disorders and no case of cranial irradiation before bone marrow transplantation in patients with acute leukemia. We recently treated a boy who developed moyamoya vessels 1.5 years after cranial irradiation for bone marrow transplantation for acute leukemia. This is the first report of moyamoya syndrome after cranial irradiation for bone marrow transplantation. The mechanism and incidence of vasculopathy after cranial irradiation are unclear. It would be useful to accumulate data and reveal the etiology of moyamoya vessels formation after cranial irradiation.

  19. Long Term Clinical Outcome of Patients with Severe Combined Immunodeficiency who Received Related Donor Bone Marrow Transplants without Pre-transplant Chemotherapy or Post-transplant GVHD Prophylaxis

    PubMed Central

    Railey, Mary Dell; Lokhnygina, Yuliya; Buckley, Rebecca H.

    2009-01-01

    Objective To determine long term health benefits of non-ablative bone marrow transplantation for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), we investigated our cohort of 161 related donor bone marrow transplanted SCID patients. Only 16 (10%) had HLA-identical donors. Study design All 124 survivors were sent questionnaires about their current clinical statuses. Details from clinic visits were also compiled. One hundred eleven patients (90%) were reached. We compared outcomes of patients transplanted before and after 3.5 months of life and by molecular defect. Results The overall survival rate is 77%, but the rate for the 48 infants transplanted in the first 3.5 months of life is 94%, compared with 70% for the 113 transplanted after 3.5 months (p=0.002). Twenty-eight (76%) of the 37 deceased patients died from viral infections present at diagnosis. One or more clinical problems were reported to have been present in the past two years in 71 (64%) of the survivors, although 95 (86%) are considered healthy by their families. Conclusions Most patients with SCID transplanted with related donor marrow without pre-transplant chemotherapy have done well long-term, but those transplanted at <3.5 months of age had a superior survival rate, a lower rate of clinical problems, less need for booster transplants and better nutritional status. PMID:19818451

  20. [Monitoring lymphocyte activity in the peripheral blood of patients after bone marrow transplantation].

    PubMed

    Hrabánek, J; Lukásová, M; Chudomel, V; Smetana, K

    1994-01-31

    After bone marrow transplantation serious complications develop which may limit the success of this therapeutic method. One of the early complications is an acute graft versus host reaction. The objective of the investigation was to evaluate the relationship between the number of active lymphocytes in the patient's blood stream after bone marrow transplantation and the development of an acute graft versus host reaction or rejection of the graft, and thus contribute towards prediction or diagnosis of these complications. In 14 patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (3), acute lymphatic leukaemia (1), chronic myeloid leukaemia (6), myelodysplastic syndrome (2) and aplastic anaemia (2) bone marrow was transplanted: the donor was in all instances a HLA identical sibling. However, only 11 patients were evaluated. In the latter changes in the number of circulating active lymphocytes were assessed: their activity was evaluated from nucleolar characteristics expressed by RNA synthesis. Their values at the time of the acute graft versus host reaction (GVHD) varied between 7.4% and 17.3%; at the time when these patients were free from complications they were 2.2%-6.0% (the difference is at the borderline of significance). In 8 patients the rise of active lymphocytes preceded the manifestation of the graft versus host reaction by 3-7 days. At the time of infectious complications after bone marrow transplantation (temperatures of obscure origin, herpetic infections, varicella, adenoviral infections) the number of active lymphocytes did not increase (2.0%-10.0%), as compared with 3.4%-9.5% in the group without complications. The increased percentage of activated lymphocytes in the peripheral blood stream of patients with an acute graft versus host reaction (GVHD) after bone marrow transplantation results from specific immunological procedures. Their assessment could help with the differential diagnostic difficulties frequently associated with the diagnosis of the acute graft

  1. Special considerations for the patient undergoing allogeneic or autologous bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Hiemenz, J W; Greene, J N

    1993-10-01

    Improvements in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of infectious complications of bone marrow transplantation over the past two decades have markedly reduced the morbidity and mortality of this procedure. We are now able to begin early empiric antibiotic coverage with less toxic, but equally effective, antibacterial agents. Once believed to be uniformly fatal, complications such as CMV pneumonia are now considered treatable in at least half the cases with a combination of intravenous immunoglobulin and ganciclovir. Although probably the most controversial, prophylactic therapy has improved the outcome of patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation. The appropriate setting, agents to use, dose, and dose intervals will require further study in coming years. In the introduction to this article, we attempted to outline what is known about the immunobiology of bone marrow transplantation. A clear understanding of this process helps us recognize and anticipate the infectious complications encountered in this population of patients. It may also allow clinicians to focus more on immune augmentation as a means of prevention, as has been attempted with the newly available cytokines and the use of intravenous immunoglobulin infusions. Despite improvements in diagnosis, treatment, and prevention, infectious complications remain the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the patient undergoing bone marrow transplantation. Future studies are required in this area to build on the successes of the last two decades.

  2. Immunity of patients surviving 20 to 30 years after allogeneic or syngeneic bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Storek, J; Joseph, A; Espino, G; Dawson, M A; Douek, D C; Sullivan, K M; Flowers, M E; Martin, P; Mathioudakis, G; Nash, R A; Storb, R; Appelbaum, F R; Maloney, D G

    2001-12-15

    The duration of immunodeficiency following marrow transplantation is not known. Questionnaires were used to study the infection rates in 72 patients surviving 20 to 30 years after marrow grafting. Furthermore, in 33 of the 72 patients and in 16 donors (siblings who originally donated the marrow) leukocyte subsets were assessed by flow cytometry. T-cell receptor excision circles (TRECs), markers of T cells generated de novo, were quantitated by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Immunoglobulin G(2) (IgG(2)) and antigen-specific IgG levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Infections diagnosed more than [corrected] 15 years after transplantation occurred rarely. The average rate was 0.07 infections per patient-year (one infection every 14 years), excluding respiratory tract infections, gastroenteritis, lip sores, and hepatitis C. The counts of circulating monocytes, natural killer cells, B cells, CD4 T cells, and CD8 T cells in the patients were not lower than in the donors. The counts of TREC(+) CD4 T cells in transplant recipients younger than age 18 years (at the time of transplantation) were not different from the counts in their donors. In contrast, the counts of TREC(+) CD4 T cells were lower in transplant recipients age 18 years or older, even in those with no history of clinical extensive chronic graft-versus-host disease, compared with their donors. The levels of total IgG(2) and specific IgG against Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae were similar in patients and donors. Overall, the immunity of patients surviving 20 to 30 years after transplantation is normal or near normal. Patients who received transplants in adulthood have a clinically insignificant deficiency of de novo-generated CD4 T cells, suggesting that in these patients the posttransplantation thymic insufficiency may not be fully reversible.

  3. Neurologic complications of bone marrow, stem cell, and organ transplantation in patients with cancer.

    PubMed

    Rosenfeld, Myrna R; Pruitt, Amy

    2006-06-01

    Bone marrow and peripheral blood stem cell transplantation are part of the standard of care for a variety of oncologic and non-oncologic disorders and are associated with a large spectrum of neurologic complications. These complications may arise at any time during and after the transplantation process, especially in subjects requiring chronic immunosuppression, and are most frequently related to infections, cerebrovascular or metabolic events, and toxicity from radiation or chemotherapy. Due to the unique circumstances and treatments surrounding each step in the transplantation process, there is a higher incidence of some neurologic complications during discrete time periods. Being aware of the temporal relationship of the neurologic disorder within the transplantation process can therefore facilitate diagnosis and institution of appropriate therapy. Neurologic complications after solid organ transplantation are often due to similar mechanisms as in patients after bone marrow and stem cell transplantation although there are several complications unique to these patients such as transmission of infectious agents by the donated organ. For these patients, the clinician needs to have a high index of suspicion that the neurologic problem is related to the transplant.

  4. Bacteriological findings in patients with bone marrow transplantation (Karl Marx University Leipzig, 1985-1987).

    PubMed

    Wonitzki, C; Hoffmann, F A

    1989-01-01

    The results of the bacteriological surveillance cultures for 26 patients with bone marrow transplantation (Karl Marx University Leipzig, G.D.R., 1985-1987) are presented. 5.9% of all surveillance cultures contained facultatively pathogenic germs (with Pseudomonas aeruginosa as the most frequent representative, which was the reason of a sepsis in two patients). Coagulasenegative Staphylococci and other germs with an obscure pathogenicity were isolated upon a large scale, especially from the mucous membrane regions. There are hints, that above all special strains of coagulasenegative Staphylococci "colonize" the patient's body (also for longer periods) and turn into the blood too. During the total decontamination intestinal anaerobic flora is absent. After closing of total decontamination Clostridium perfringens is the first detectable anaerobic species. During the selective decontamination systemic applications of antibiotics are able to obliterate anaerobic findings for certain periods. Recommendations for an effective arrangement of the surveillance cultures of bone marrow transplantation patients are given.

  5. Longitudinal neurophysiologic studies in a patient with metachromatic leukodystrophy following bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Dhuna, A; Toro, C; Torres, F; Kennedy, W R; Krivit, W

    1992-10-01

    We describe a girl with late infantile metachromatic leukodystrophy. The patient has been followed up with serial neurologic and neurophysiologic examinations for 8 years following bone marrow transplantation, which she underwent when she was 4 3/4 years old. Her older sister died from metachromatic leukodystrophy at the age of 8 years, whereas our patient has retained significant cognitive and motor skills. Serial neurophysiologic studies initially demonstrated continued deterioration after the bone marrow transplantation, but since then, most results have remained stable or improved. Although, to our knowledge, there have been no previous serial studies of metachromatic leukodystrophy, individual case studies suggest that these findings in our patient are very unusual. With the advent of possible treatment for this condition, there is a need for further serial neurophysiologic studies to characterize the natural progression and the possible detection of progression or reversal with treatment.

  6. Bone marrow transplantation versus immunosuppressive therapy in patients with acquired severe aplastic anemia.

    PubMed

    Bacigalupo, Andrea; Giammarco, Sabrina; Sica, Simona

    2016-08-01

    Standard front-line treatment for acquired aplastic anemia (AA) for patients is either immunosuppressive therapy (IST) or bone marrow transplantation (BMT), usually from an HLA identical sibling. Whereas long-term survival is comparable with either treatment, important differences remain: IST patients may have incomplete or no recovery, are exposed to late clonal disorders and relapse of the original disease. Transplantation is a curative treatment, but patients are exposed to transplant-related complications both acute and chronic, such as chronic graft versus host disease (cGvHD). In the year 2000, a study by the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT), looked at failure free survival (FFS), in patients receiving first-line BMT from an HLA identical sibling, or the first-line IST. Young patients with low neutrophil counts benefited of the first-line BMT; the opposite was true for older patients with higher neutrophil counts; and a third intermediate group of patients had comparable survival irrespective of the first-line therapy. We have now studied a more recent cohort of patients to assess whether things have changed over the years. We have found similar results, although overall survival has improved, as a consequence of changes in the IST and BMT protocols.

  7. American Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network, and International Myeloma Working Group Consensus Conference on Salvage Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in Patients with Relapsed Multiple Myeloma

    PubMed Central

    Giralt, Sergio; Garderet, Laurent; Durie, Brian; Cook, Gordon; Gahrton, Gosta; Bruno, Benedetto; Hari, Paremesweran; Lokhorst, Henk; McCarthy, Phillip; Krishnan, Amrita; Sonneveld, Pieter; Goldschmidt, Harmut; Jagannath, Sundar; Barlogie, Bart; Mateos, Maria; Gimsing, Peter; Sezer, Orhan; Mikhael, Joseph; Lu, Jin; Dimopoulos, Meletios; Mazumder, Amitabha; Palumbo, Antonio; Abonour, Rafat; Anderson, Kenneth; Attal, Michel; Blade, Joan; Bird, Jenny; Cavo, Michele; Comenzo, Raymond; de la Rubia, Javier; Einsele, Hermann; Garcia-Sanz, Ramon; Hillengass, Jens; Holstein, Sarah; Johnsen, Hans Erik; Joshua, Douglas; Koehne, Guenther; Kumar, Shaji; Kyle, Robert; Leleu, Xavier; Lonial, Sagar; Ludwig, Heinz; Nahi, Hareth; Nooka, Anil; Orlowski, Robert; Rajkumar, Vincent; Reiman, Anthony; Richardson, Paul; Riva, Eloisa; Miguel, Jesus San; Turreson, Ingemar; Usmani, Saad; Vesole, David; Bensinger, William; Qazilbash, Muzaffer; Efebera, Yvonne; Mohty, Mohamed; Gasparreto, Christina; Gajewski, James; LeMaistre, Charles F.; Bredeson, Chris; Moreau, Phillipe; Pasquini, Marcelo; Kroeger, Nicolaus; Stadtmauer, Edward

    2016-01-01

    In contrast to the upfront setting in which the role of high-dose therapy with autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) as consolidation of a first remission in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) is well established, the role of high-dose therapy with autologous or allogeneic HCT has not been extensively studied in MM patients relapsing after primary therapy. The International Myeloma Working Group together with the Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network, the American Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, and the European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation convened a meeting of MM experts to: (1) summarize current knowledge regarding the role of autologous or allogeneic HCT in MM patients progressing after primary therapy, (2) propose guidelines for the use of salvage HCT in MM, (3) identify knowledge gaps, (4) propose a research agenda, and (5) develop a collaborative initiative to move the research agenda forward. After reviewing the available data, the expert committee came to the following consensus statement for salvage autologous HCT: (1) In transplantation-eligible patients relapsing after primary therapy that did NOT include an autologous HCT, high-dose therapy with HCT as part of salvage therapy should be considered standard; (2) High-dose therapy and autologous HCT should be considered appropriate therapy for any patients relapsing after primary therapy that includes an autologous HCT with initial remission duration of more than 18 months; (3) High-dose therapy and autologous HCT can be used as a bridging strategy to allogeneic HCT; (4) The role of postsalvage HCT maintenance needs to be explored in the context of well-designed prospective trials that should include new agents, such as monoclonal antibodies, immune-modulating agents, and oral proteasome inhibitors; (5) Autologous HCT consolidation should be explored as a strategy to develop novel conditioning regimens or post-HCT strategies in patients with short

  8. Multiple Eruptive Sebaceous Hyperplasia Secondary to Cyclosporin in a Patient with Bone Marrow Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Cortés, Begonia; Kaya, Gürkan

    2016-01-01

    Many cutaneous complications have been described in patients treated with cyclosporin. Alterations of the pilosebaceous unit such as hypertrichosis are particularly frequent. However, the occurrence of sebaceous hyperplasia is exceptional. These lesions seem to be specific to cyclosporin rather than secondary to immunosuppression. Here, we report an exceptional case of eruptive and disseminated sebaceous hyperplasia arising in a bone marrow transplant recipient only a few months after starting immunosuppressive treatment with cyclosporin. PMID:27990417

  9. Intra-arterial Autologous Bone Marrow Cell Transplantation in a Patient with Upper-extremity Critical Limb Ischemia

    SciTech Connect

    Madaric, Juraj; Klepanec, Andrej; Mistrik, Martin; Altaner, Cestmir; Vulev, Ivan

    2013-04-15

    Induction of therapeutic angiogenesis by autologous bone marrow mononuclear cell transplantation has been identified as a potential new option in patients with advanced lower-limb ischemia. There is little evidence of the benefit of intra-arterial cell application in upper-limb critical ischemia. We describe a patient with upper-extremity critical limb ischemia with digital gangrene resulting from hypothenar hammer syndrome successfully treated by intra-arterial autologous bone marrow mononuclear cell transplantation.

  10. Bronchiectasis in bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Morehead, R S

    1997-04-01

    Two patients are described with clinical and radiographic bronchiectasis which occurred after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for haematological malignancy. Both had evidence of chronic graft versus host disease in other organs. Increased immunosuppression with corticosteroids resulted in clinical response, although both patients persisted with chronic mucopurulent sputum production and one had progressive airflow obstruction. Bronchiectasis may be an under-recognised manifestation of chronic graft versus host disease of the lung.

  11. Bone-marrow transplant - slideshow

    MedlinePlus

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100112.htm Bone-marrow transplant - series—Normal anatomy To use the sharing ... Go to slide 4 out of 4 Overview Bone-marrow is a soft, fatty tissue found inside of ...

  12. Common Cold Can Be Dangerous After Bone Marrow Transplant

    MedlinePlus

    ... 164206.html Common Cold Can Be Dangerous After Bone Marrow Transplant Rhinovirus far more worrisome in those with ... cold can be deadly for patients recovering from bone marrow transplants, a new study warns. After a bone ...

  13. Unrelated bone marrow transplantation or immediate umbilical cord blood transplantation for patients with acute myeloid leukemia in first complete remission.

    PubMed

    Yanada, Masamitsu; Kanda, Junya; Ohtake, Shigeki; Fukuda, Takahiro; Sakamaki, Hisashi; Miyamura, Koichi; Miyawaki, Shuichi; Uchida, Naoyuki; Maeda, Tomoya; Nagamura-Inoue, Tokiko; Asou, Norio; Morishima, Yasuo; Atsuta, Yoshiko; Miyazaki, Yasushi; Kimura, Fumihiko; Kobayashi, Yukio; Takami, Akiyoshi; Naoe, Tomoki; Kanda, Yoshinobu

    2016-09-01

    While unrelated bone marrow transplantation (UBMT) has been widely used as alternative donor transplantation, the use of umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) is increasing recently. We conducted a decision analysis to address which transplantation procedure should be prioritized for younger patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) harboring high- or intermediate-risk cytogenetics in first complete remission (CR1), when they lack a matched related donor but have immediate access to a suitable umbilical cord blood unit. Main sources for our analysis comprised the data from three phase III trials for a chemotherapy cohort (n = 907) and the registry data for a transplantation cohort (n = 752). The baseline analysis showed that when the 8/8 match was considered for UBMT, the expected 5-year survival rate was higher for UBMT than for UCBT (58.1% vs. 51.8%). This ranking did not change even when the 7/8 match was considered for UBMT. Sensitivity analysis showed consistent superiority of UBMT over UCBT when the time elapsed between CR1 and UBMT was varied within a plausible range of 3-9 months. These results suggest that 8/8 or 7/8 UBMT is a better transplantation option than UCBT even after allowing time required for donor coordination. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  14. Taste and smell function in pediatric blood and marrow transplant patients.

    PubMed

    Cohen, J; Laing, D G; Wilkes, F J

    2012-11-01

    The intensive conditioning regimens of a pediatric blood and marrow transplant (BMT) can limit voluntary intake leading to a risk of malnutrition. Poor dietary intake is likely multi-factorial with a change in taste and smell function potentially being one contributing factor limiting intake, though this is not well studied. This research aimed to assess the taste and smell function of a cohort of pediatric BMT patients. A total of ten pediatric BMT patients (8-15 years) were recruited to this study. Smell function was assessed using a three-choice 16-item odour identification test. Taste function was assessed using five concentrations of sweet, sour, salty and bitter tastants. All tests were completed at admission to transplant and monthly until taste and smell function had normalised. At the 1-month post-transplant assessment, one third of participants displayed some evidence of taste dysfunction and one third smell dysfunction, but there was no evidence of dysfunction in any patient at the 2-month assessment. Contrary to reports of long-term loss of taste and smell function in adults, dysfunction early in transplant was found to be transient and be resolved within 2 months post-transplant in children. Further research is required to determine the causes of poor dietary intake in this population.

  15. Evaluating the patients with thalassemia major for long-term endocrinological complications after bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Aldemir-Kocabaş, Bilge; Tezcan-Karasu, Gülsün; Bircan, Iffet; Bircan, Oğuz; Aktaş-Samur, Anıl; Yeşilipek, Mehmet Akif

    2014-10-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the endocrinological complications of the patients with thalassemia major (TM) who underwent bone marrow transplantation (BMT) and followed-up more than two years in our center, prospectively. "BMT group" consisted of 41 patients with TM. The mean age was 12.4 ± 5.4 years and transplantation age was mean 7.5 ± 4.9 years. Post-BMT follow-up lasted from 24 to 122 months (mean 65.07 months). Also, 32 TM patients with similar age group and same history of transfusion and chelation therapy were recruited for the study as "control (C) group". The weight SDS score after transplantation was found better than before transplantation (p = 0.010). There was a negative correlation between height SDS and BMT age (p = 0.008). The height SDS scores were better in patients whose BMT age was under seven years old compared to those older than seven years old (p = 0.02). Z-scores of femur neck and L2-4 vertebrae DEXA were decreased (p = 0.032, p = 0.0001) and incidence of insulin resistance increased (p = 0.01) in patients with increased BMT age. The risk of gonadal insufficiency was significantly lower in the patients who underwent BMT <7 years of age (p = 0.009). There was no statistically significant relationship between BMT age and complications such as hypothyroidism, hypoparathyroidism, and adrenal insufficiency. The patients with TM should be evaluated for transplantation in early stage of the disease, especially before the age of seven years. Because the BMT cannot correct the endocrinological complications of TM completely, the patients should be followed up regularly after the transplantation.

  16. [Bone marrow transplantation from unrelated donors in chronic myeloid leukemia: the results in 15 patients].

    PubMed

    Sierra, J; Carreras, E; Rovira, M; Batlle, M; Urbano-Ispizua, A; Marín, P; Besson, I; Merino, A; Algara, M; Cervantes, F

    1995-05-13

    Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) from a histocompatible donor is the only curative treatment in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Only a minority of patients dispose of an adequate donor from among his/her relatives. The remaining transplant receptors must look to unrelated donors (URD). The experience of the Escuela de Hematología Farreras Valentí (Farreras Valentí School of Hematology, Barcelona, Spain) in BMT from URD in CML in the first chronic phase is herein reported. Fifteen patients (9 males and 6 females, median age 33 years; range 14-48 years) were transplanted from October 1988 to May 1994. Serologic identity was expressed in the A, B and D loci in 9 cases and minor incompatibility in 6. Conditioning included total body irradiation and cyclophosphamide in 14 patients and busulphan plus cyclophosphamide in 1. Partial and selective T lymphocyte depletion was performed by elutriation in 7 cases. Primary implant failure was detected in 2 out of 14 risk patients (14%) and secondary failure was observed in 3 out of 12 cases (25%). The actuarial probability of acute graft versus host disease (GVHD) was 55 +/- 15% at 7 weeks with a probability of appearance with an intensity of II-IV of 31 +/- 13%. Five out of 7 patients with a survival of greater than 100 days, developed chronic GVHD (71%). Ten presented fatal complications. In 5 cases, death was due to pulmonary problems. Recurrence of CML was not observed in any of the patients in the series. The probability of disease free survival at 2 years was 30 +/- 12%. Bone marrow transplantation from an unrelated donor is an effective treatment for a proportion of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia although severe complications are frequent and originate a high mortality.

  17. Disseminated Fusariosis in a Bone Marrow Transplant Patient

    PubMed Central

    De Pinho, Debora Braga; Fernandes, Louise Leal; Carvalho Barreiros, Maria Da Gloria; Quintella, Leonardo Pereira

    2012-01-01

    The authors present a case report involving an immunocompromised patient with fusariosis, an often fatal fungal infection in this group of patients. This mycosis needs to be recognized and treated in the initial phases, although this does not guarantee improvement. PMID:23277804

  18. Blood and Bone MarrowTransplant?

    MedlinePlus

    ... page from the NHLBI on Twitter. Blood and Bone Marrow Transplant Also known as hematopoietic stem cell ... autologous transplant, or allogeneic transplant. A blood or bone marrow transplant replaces abnormal blood-forming stem cells ...

  19. Bone marrow transplantation in a patient with drug-induced aplastic anemia

    PubMed Central

    Banerjee, T. K.; Band, P. R.; Pabst, H.; Goldsand, G.; Armstrong, W. D.; Brown, J.; Hill, J. R.; Dossetor, J. B.

    1972-01-01

    A 23-year-old woman gravely ill with Pseudomonas septicemia secondary to presumed drug-induced bone marrow aplasia received marrow transplantation from two male HL-A identical sibling donors. She had a successful engraftment with excellent but temporary clinical improvement. Subsequently she succumbed to graft-versus-host disease manifested by Pseudomonas and Candida albicans septicemia, cytomegalovirus pneumonitis, three phases of dermatitis, nausea, vomiting, dysphagia, diarrhea, fever, edema and bone pain, with gradual but complete graft suppression by the 74th day after the transplantation. A second marrow transplant on the 70th day was unsuccessful. PMID:4403793

  20. Use of CT densitometry to predict lung toxicity in bone marrow transplant patients

    SciTech Connect

    el-Khatib, E.E.; Freeman, C.R.; Rybka, W.B.; Lehnert, S.; Podgorsak, E.B.

    1989-01-01

    Total body irradiation (TBI) is considered an integral part of the preparation of patients with hematological malignancies for marrow transplantation. One of the major causes of death following bone marrow transplantation is interstitial pneumonia. Its pathogenesis is complex but radiation may play a major role in its development. Computed tomography (CT) has been used in animal and human studies as a sensitive non-invasive method for detecting changes in the lung following radiotherapy. In the present study CT scans are studied before and up to 1 year after TBI. Average lung densities measured before TBI showed large variations among the individual patients. On follow-up scans, lung density decreases were measured for patients who did not develop lung complications. Significant lung density increases were measured in patients who subsequently had lung complications. These lung density increases were observed prior to the onset of respiratory complications and could be correlated with the clinical course of the patients, suggesting the possibility for the usage of CT lung densitometry to predict lung complications before the onset of clinical symptoms.

  1. Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome in a Bone Marrow Transplant Patient: A Complication of Immunosuppressive Drugs?

    PubMed

    Hossain, Mohammad A; Jehangir, Waqas; Nai, Qiang; Jessani, Naureen; Khan, Rafay; Yousif, Abdalla; Sen, Shuvendu

    2015-08-01

    Posterior reversible encephalopathy is a complex but well-recognized clinical and radiological entity associated with a variety of benign and malignant conditions including hypertensive encephalopathy, eclampsia, renal failure and immunosuppressive drugs. The pathogenesis is incompletely understood, although it seems to be related to the breakthrough of auto-regulation and endothelial dysfunction. The clinical syndromes typically involve headache, altered mental status, seizures, visual disturbance and other focal neurological signs and radiographically reversible vasogenic subcortical edema without infarction. Here, we report a case of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome in a patient with chronic myeloid leukemia who received allogenic bone marrow transplantation (allo-BMT) and immunosuppressive drugs.

  2. A novel protein C inhibitor gene mutation in pediatric stroke patients after bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Torun, Didem; Deda, Gülhis; Ertem, Mehmet; Uysal, Zümrüt; Yılmaz, Erkan; Akar, Nejat

    2013-09-01

    Protein C inhibitor is a heparin dependent serine protease inhibitor found in human plasma, urine and other body fluids. It was originally identified as an inhibitor of activated protein C. Stroke is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric age group. In this study we analyzed the protein C inhibitor gene mutations in Turkish pediatric stroke patients. We found a missense mutation of G to A at nucleotide 6760 in exon 2, resulting in a transition serine to asparagine (p.Ser188Asp) and in a child and his father and also we found same alteration in exon 2 in an another pediatric stroke case following bone marrow transplantation.

  3. Kinetics of erythrogenesis after bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Lazarus, H M; Chahine, A; Lacerna, K; Wamble, A; Iaffaldano, C; Straight, M; Rabinovitch, A; Schimenti, K J; Jacobberger, J

    1992-04-01

    To determine the kinetics of bone marrow erythrogenesis after bone marrow transplantation, the authors counted reticulocytes (by blood smear and flow cytometry) and compared those data with neutrophil and platelet recovery in 23 consecutive bone marrow transplant patients. The earliest indication of marrow recovery after allogeneic and autologous bone marrow transplantation was defined as the second increasing cell count after the lowest recorded count, provided that the trend continued upward. Recovery of marrow function was detected earlier in 10 of 23 patients using reticulocyte counts than by either neutrophil or platelet count alone. Specifically, in 8 of these 10 patients, recovery of erythropoiesis was determined earlier by flow cytometric examination than by the blood smear method. On the other hand, combining the data using the earliest value of platelet, neutrophil, and reticulocyte counts indicated that the mean day of recovery in our patient population was determined to be 12.1 +/- 4 days after marrow infusion. In patients undergoing autologous and allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, serial neutrophil and reticulocyte count determinations are complementary in early clinical detection of successful engraftment.

  4. Mucositis and salivary antioxidants in patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation (BMT)

    PubMed Central

    Mazzeo, Marcelo A.; López, María M.; Linares, Jorge A.; Jarchum, Gustavo; Wietz, Fernando M.; Finkelberg, Ana B.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: High doses of chemotherapy generate DNA damage in patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation (BMT), due to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In order to evaluate the local defensive effectiveness of the patient undergoing BMT, the concentrations of the antioxidants superoxide dismutase (SOD) and uric acid (UA) were measured in saliva. Study Design: Basal saliva samples were collected from 20 patients undergoing BMT at the Oncology Department, Sanatorio Allende (Córdoba), in the stages: initial, prior to conditioning therapy (I); middle: 7 to 10 days after BMT (M) and final stage, 30 days after discharge from isolation (F). SOD levels were determined using a RANDOX kit (RANSOD superoxide dismutase manual), and for uric acid enzymatic UOD / PAP spectrophotometric method, ( Trinder Color Kit , Wiener Lab) was used. Results: 85% of the patients developed oral mucositis. SOD concentration in the M stage was significantly higher (p<0.01) compared with stage I, and it reversed in stage F. UA concentration was significantly lower (p<0.001) in stage M compared with stage I, and in stage F it recovered the initial values. Conclusions: SOD increase in stage M coincided with the appearance of mucositis, which could be interpreted as a defensive mechanism of saliva against oxidative stress produced by chemotherapy. UA decrease in stage M would favour the development of higher degrees of mucositis. Key words:Bone marrow transplantation, mucositis, superoxide dismutase, uric acid. PMID:24608218

  5. LD Typing for Bone Marrow Transplantation.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-06-15

    marrow transplantation will be required for treatment of patients who suffer damage to marrow either through exposure to radiation or to drugs being used...which could be used in various test systems to identify the tissue typ ing antigens of the fourth locus of the human histocompatibility system. Bone

  6. Phase 1 Trial of Autologous Bone Marrow Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury.

    PubMed

    Kakabadze, Zurab; Kipshidze, Nickolas; Mardaleishvili, Konstantine; Chutkerashvili, Gocha; Chelishvili, Irakli; Harders, Albrecht; Loladze, George; Shatirishvili, Gocha; Kipshidze, Nodar; Chakhunashvili, David; Chutkerashvili, Konstantine

    2016-01-01

    Introduction. A total of 18 patients, with complete motor deficits and paraplegia caused by thoracic and lumbar spine trauma without muscle atrophy or psychiatric problems, were included into this study. Materials and Methods. The bone marrow was aspirated from the anterior iliac crest under local anesthesia and the mononuclear fraction was isolated by density gradient method. At least 750 million mononuclear-enriched cells, suspended in 2 mL of saline, were infused intrathecally. Results and Discussion. The study reports demonstrated improvement of motor and sensory functions of various degrees observed in 9 of the 18 (50%) cases after bone marrow stem cell transplantation. Measured by the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) scale, 7 (78%) out of the 9 patients observed an improvement by one grade, while two cases (22%) saw an improvement by two grades. However, there were no cases in which the condition was improved by three grades. Conclusions. Analysis of subsequent treatment results indicated that the transplantation of mononuclear-enriched autologous BMSCs is a feasible and safe technique. However, successful application of the BMSCs in the clinical practice is associated with the necessity of executing more detailed examinations to evaluate the effect of BMSCs on the patients with spinal cord injury.

  7. Autologous bone marrow transplantation in patients with subacute and chronic spinal cord injury.

    PubMed

    Syková, Eva; Homola, Ales; Mazanec, Radim; Lachmann, Hynek; Konrádová, Simona Langkramer; Kobylka, Petr; Pádr, Radek; Neuwirth, Jirí; Komrska, Vladimír; Vávra, Vladimir; Stulík, Jan; Bojar, Martin

    2006-01-01

    Stem cell transplants into spinal cord lesions may help to improve regeneration and spinal cord function. Clinical studies are necessary for transferring preclinical findings from animal experiments to humans. We investigated the transplantation of unmanipulated autologous bone marrow in patients with transversal spinal cord injury (SCI) with respect to safety, therapeutic time window, implantation strategy, method of administration, and functional improvement. We report data from 20 patients with complete SCI who received transplants 10 to 467 days postinjury. The follow-up examinations were done at 3, 6, and 12 months after implantation by two independent neurologists using standard neurological classification of SCI, including the ASIA protocol, the Frankel score, the recording of motor and somatosensory evoked potentials, and MRI evaluation of lesion size. We compared intra-arterial (via catheterization of a. vertebralis) versus intravenous administration of all mononuclear cells in groups of acute (10-30 days post-SCI, n=7) and chronic patients (2-17 months postinjury, n=13). Improvement in motor and/or sensory functions was observed within 3 months in 5 of 6 patients with intra-arterial application, in 5 of 7 acute, and in 1 of 13 chronic patients. Our case study shows that the implantation of autologous bone marrow cells appears to be safe, as there have been no complications following implantation to date (11 patients followed up for more than 2 years), but longer follow-ups are required to determine that implantation is definitively safe. Also, we cannot yet confirm that the observed beneficial effects were due to the cell therapy. However, the outcomes following transplantation in acute patients, and in one chronic patient who was in stable condition for several months prior to cell implantation, are promising. It is evident that transplantation within a therapeutic window of 3-4 weeks following injury will play an important role in any type of stem cell

  8. 3-Tesla MR spectroscopy in patients subjected to bone marrow transplantation: clinical correlations.

    PubMed

    Sergiacomi, G; Gaspari, E; Taglieri, A; Meschini, A; Gisone, V; Cudillo, L; Arcese, W; Simonetti, G

    2013-02-01

    This study evaluated the usefulness of 3-Tesla magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) undergoing bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Twelve NHL patients who were candidates for BMT underwent three MR examinations of the lumbosacral spine: before ablative therapy for BMT, 15±4 days and 54±24 days after BMT. The MR study was supplemented by spectroscopic analysis. The lipid content was calculated and expressed as a percentage of lipid signal intensity relative to total signal intensity [fat fraction (FF)]. In the first MR study, the FF was 62.5±7%, in the second it was 70.75±5% and in the third it was 75±1%. We observed a statistically significant difference between FF values calculated at the various MR studies (p=0.02) and between red blood cell count (p=0.017), platelet count (p=0.003) and haematocrit (p<0.001) at the three MR studies. FF had a statistically significant correlation with the number of circulating platelets (p<0.01) MR spectroscopy of the bone marrow of NHL patients undergoing BMT is noninvasive and highly sensitive for characterising and monitoring bone marrow after BMT.

  9. Origin of enriched regulatory t cells in patients receiving combined kidney/bone marrow transplantation to induce transplantation tolerance.

    PubMed

    Sprangers, Ben; DeWolf, Susan; Savage, Thomas M; Morokata, Tatsuaki; Obradovic, Aleksandar; LoCascio, Samuel A; Shonts, Brittany; Zuber, Julien; Lau, Sai Ping; Shah, Ravi; Morris, Heather; Steshenko, Valeria; Zorn, Emmanuel; Preffer, Frederic I; Olek, Sven; Dombkowski, David M; Turka, Laurence A; Colvin, Robert; Winchester, Robert; Kawai, Tatsuo; Sykes, Megan

    2017-03-01

    We examined tolerance mechanisms in patients receiving HLA-mismatched combined kidney and bone marrow transplantation (CKBMT) that led to transient chimerism under a previously-published non-myeloablative conditioning regimen (Immune Tolerance Network study ITN036). Polychromatic flow cytometry (FCM) and high throughput sequencing of TCRβ hypervariable regions of DNA from peripheral blood T regulatory cells (Tregs) and CD4 non-Tregs revealed marked early enrichment of regulatory T cells (CD3(+) CD4(+) CD25(high) CD127(low) Foxp3(+) ) in blood that resulted from peripheral proliferation (Ki67(+) ), possibly new thymic emigration (CD31(+) ) and, in one tolerant subject, conversion from non-Tregs. Among recovering conventional T cells, central memory CD4(+) and CD8(+) cells predominated. A large fraction of the T cell clones detected in post-transplant biopsy specimens by TCR sequencing were detected in the peripheral blood and were not donor-reactive. Our results suggest that enrichment of Tregs by new thymic emigration and lymphopenia-driven peripheral proliferation in the early post-transplant period may contribute to tolerance following CKBMT. Furthermore, most conventional T cell clones detected in immunologically quiescent post-transplant biopsies appear to be circulating cells in the microvasculature rather than infiltrating T cells. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  10. Immunosuppression prior to marrow transplantation for sensitized aplastic anemia patients: comparison of TLI with TBI

    SciTech Connect

    Shank, B.; Brochstein, J.A.; Castro-Malaspina, H.; Yahalom, J.; Bonfiglio, P.; O'Reilly, R.J.

    1988-06-01

    From May 1980 through July 1986, 26 patients with severe aplastic anemia, sensitized with multiple transfusions of blood products, were treated on either of two immunosuppressive regimens in preparation for bone marrow transplantation from a matched donor. There were 10 patients treated with total body irradiation (TBI), 200 cGy/fraction X 4 daily fractions (800 cGy total dose), followed by cyclophosphamide, 60 mg/kg/d X 2 d. An additional 16 patients were treated with total lymphoid irradiation (TLI) (or, if they were infants, a modified TLI or thoracoabdominal irradiation (TAI)), 100 cGy/fraction, 3 fractions/d X 2 d (600 cGy total dose), followed by cyclophosphamide, 40 mg/kg/d X 4 d. The extent of immunosuppression was similar in both groups as measured by peripheral blood lymphocyte depression at the completion of the course of irradiation (5% of initial concentration for TBI and 24% for TLI), neutrophil engraftment (10/10 for TBI and 15/16 for TLI), and time to neutrophil engraftment (median of 22 d for TBI and 17 d for TLI). Marrow and peripheral blood cytogenetic analysis for assessment of percent donor cells was also compared in those patients in whom it was available. 2/2 patients studied with TBI had 100% donor cells, whereas 6/11 with TLI had 100% donor cells. Of the five who did not, three were stable mixed chimeras with greater than or equal to 70% donor cells, one became a mixed chimera with about 50% donor cells, but became aplastic again after Cyclosporine A cessation 5 mo post-transplant, and the fifth reverted to all host cells by d. 18 post-transplant. Overall actuarial survival at 2 years was 56% in the TLI group compared with 30% in the TBI group although this was not statistically significant. No survival decrement has been seen after 2 years in either group.

  11. [Estimating the grade of patient satisfaction at the bone marrow transplantation department in Florence hospitals].

    PubMed

    Marsullo, M; Tozzi, S; Biagini, S; Rinaldi, L

    2000-01-01

    The satisfaction of the patients admitted to the bone marrow transplant unit of Careggi Hospital was evaluated by the nursing team. The aim of the evaluation was to measure the level of satisfaction for the nursing care and services and the areas of improvement. The questionnaire, with 23 questions referring to 5 areas (hotel care, Nurses' reliability, Ability to reassure, to answer to patients' needs and Empathy) derived from the conceptual model of Servqual. Ninety patients were given (or mailed) the questionnaire during a follow-up visit. Patients were asked to answer the questions evaluating each aspect on a scale from 1 (falls short of expectation) to 10 (exceeds all expectations). The answers show a very high satisfaction (> 8) for all the areas except for the food that reported a medium score of 5.2. Further analysis will allow a better understanding of the causes of dissatisfaction.

  12. Addressing parenting concerns of bone marrow transplant patients: opening (and closing) Pandora's box.

    PubMed

    Moore, C W; Rauch, P K

    2006-12-01

    Although a significant number of adults undergoing stem cell transplant (SCT) or bone marrow transplantation (BMT) care for dependent children, and these treatments pose significant challenges for families, research has virtually ignored the impact of parenting on patients' quality of life during BMT/SCT and children's responses to having a parent undergo these treatments. Physicians rarely inquire about parenting concerns related to the extended hospitalizations necessitated by these treatments, yet clinical experience suggests that addressing patient concerns about children's reactions to cancer and BMT/SCT can improve the experience of the patient and the patient's family, and help the medical team respond effectively to sources of patients' distress. Parents frequently want to know what reactions to expect from children, thus general developmental information is reviewed, and recommendations given for when professional help for children is warranted. A key way for parents to support their children is with open, honest communication; however, parents often find it extremely difficult to talk about cancer and BMT/SCT with their children. The medical team can assist patients' efforts to communicate with and support their children by asking about a patient's children, providing some targeted information, and discussing the potential impact of treatments on parenting capacity. Inquiring about and addressing parenting concerns may initially seem difficult, but can ultimately facilitate stronger doctor-patient alliances, and more compassionate care.

  13. Comparison of PCR, enzyme immunoassay and conventional culture for adenovirus detection in bone marrow transplant patients with hemorrhagic cystitis.

    PubMed

    Raboni, S M; Siqueira, M M; Portes, S R; Pasquini, R

    2003-08-01

    Adenovirus-associated hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) has become a recognized sequel of immunosuppression. The diagnosis of viral infection is usually determined by viral cultures. Analysis of different diagnostic methods for adenovirus (AdV) detection in bone marrow transplant patients with hemorrhagic cystitis. We describe a prospective study for AdV detection in the urine of patients with hematuria in the first 100 days after bone marrow transplant (BMT), comparing different laboratory techniques, PCR, enzyme immunoassay (EIA) and conventional culture. A total of 143 urine samples were analyzed, 75 collected in the pre-transplant period with and without hematuria and 68 post-transplant, only with microscopic or macroscopic hematuria. After BMT, hematuria occurred in 38.9% of patients, being more frequent in unrelated donor transplants. AdV was isolated in one pre-transplant patient without symptoms and in three post-transplant patients with HC grades 3 and 4 (severe), who were in month 2 or 3 post-transplant. Compared to culture as the gold standard, the accuracy, specificity and sensitivity of EIA were 95, 30 and 100% and for PCR were 63, 100 and 60%, respectively. We concluded that despite technical difficulties and the long time that elapsed before results were obtained, cell culture still remains the best method for adenovirus detection in the urine of patients with hemorrhagic cystitis.

  14. Allogeneic and Autologous Bone Marrow Transplantation in CHAMPUS 1989-1993 A Total Patient Treatment Episode Analysis.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-10-22

    AUTOLOGOUS BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION IN CHAMPUS 1989-1993 A TOTAL PATIENT TREATMENT EPISODE ANALYSIS DR. SCOTT A. OPTENBERG, GM-15 Chief, Health Care...Analysis Division Directorate of Health Care Studies and Analyses DR. JAMES M. THOMPSON, LTC, USAF, MC (RET) Former Director, Bone Marrow...Department of the Air Force position unless so designated by other authorized documents. Authors’ current addresses: Directorate of Health Care

  15. Outbreak of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bacteremia among patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation: association with faulty replacement of handwashing soap.

    PubMed

    Klausner, J D; Zukerman, C; Limaye, A P; Corey, L

    1999-11-01

    Using molecular typing methods, we confirmed an outbreak of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia among bone marrow transplant patients. The likely source was a healthcare worker who may have washed with moisturizer instead of soap between patients. Hospital epidemiologists need to go beyond antibiograms when evaluating outbreaks and be vigilant about all aspects of hand washing.

  16. Pituitary abscess after autologous bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Leff, R S; Martino, R L; Pollock, W J; Knight, W A

    1989-05-01

    The first case of pituitary abscess arising in a patient during recovery from autologous bone marrow transplantation is reported. A 31-year-old man with a 9 month history of T-cell lymphoma died suddenly more than 60 days after successful treatment with high-dose cyclophosphamide, total body irradiation, and autologous bone marrow infusion. Autopsy revealed a pituitary abscess associated with clinically silent sphenoid sinusitis. Unique aspects of this case are presented and clinical and pathologic features of pituitary abscess are reviewed. Although rare, pituitary abscess may complicate recovery from bone marrow transplantation.

  17. Total lymphoid irradiation and cyclophosphamide conditioning prior to bone marrow transplantation for patients with severe aplastic anemia

    SciTech Connect

    Ramsay, N.K.; Kim, T.H.; McGlave, P.; Goldman, A.; Nesbit, M.E. Jr.; Krivit, W.; Woods, W.G.; Kersey, J.H.

    1983-09-01

    A preparative regimen, consisting of total lymphoid irradiation and cyclophosphamide, was utilized in 40 patients with severe aplastic anemia undergoing allogeneic marrow transplantation. This regimen was successful in decreasing rejection in these previously transfused patients, as only one patient rejected the marrow graft. Twenty-nine of the 40 transplanted patients are surviving from 1.5 to 59 mo, with a median follow-up of 24 mo. The actuarial survival rate for these heavily transfused patients with aplastic anemia is 72% at 2 yr. This preparative regimen is extremely effective in decreasing rejection following transplantation for severe aplastic anemia. Future efforts in this area must be aimed at the elimination of graft-versus-host disease and control of fatal infections.

  18. Long term Outcome of Non-Ablative Booster Bone Marrow Transplantation in Patients with Severe Combined Immunodeficiency

    PubMed Central

    Teigland, Claire L.; Parrott, Roberta E.; Buckley, Rebecca H.

    2013-01-01

    Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is a fatal syndrome caused by mutations in at least 13 different genes. It is characterized by the absence of T-cells. Immune reconstitution can be achieved through non-ablative related donor bone marrow transplantation. However, the first transplant may not provide sufficient immunity. In these cases, booster transplants may be helpful. A prospective/retrospective study was conducted of 49 SCID patients (28.7 percent of 171 SCIDs transplanted over 30 years) who had received booster transplants to define the long term outcome, factors contributing to a need for a booster and factors that predicted success. Of the 49 patients, 31 (63 percent) are alive for up to 28 years. Age at initial transplantation was found to have a significant effect on outcome (mean of 194 days old for patients currently alive, versus a mean of 273 days old for those now deceased, p=0.0401). Persistent viral infection was present in most deceased booster patients. In several patients, the use of two parents as sequential donors resulted in striking T and B cell immune reconstitution. A majority of the patients alive today have normal or adequate T-cell function and are healthy. Non-ablative booster bone marrow transplantation can be life-saving for SCID. PMID:23396406

  19. The platelet-refractory bone marrow transplant patient: prophylaxis and treatment of bleeding.

    PubMed

    Benson, K; Fields, K; Hiemenz, J; Zorsky, P; Ballester, O; Perkins, J; Elfenbein, G

    1993-10-01

    Refractoriness to platelet transfusions remains a significant problem for oncology patients, occurring in 30% to 70% of multiply transfused recipients with bone marrow failure. Nonimmune causes are often present and include disseminated intravascular coagulation, concurrent use of amphotericin B, infection, presence of palpable spleen, use of antibacterial antibiotics, bleeding, veno-occlusive disease, and fever. Immune causes are also commonly responsible for refractoriness, with HLA alloimmunization dominating the list of immune factors. HLA antibodies can be identified in 25% to 30% of transfused leukemia patients and can be present in as many as 80% of aplastic anemia patients. Developing a consistent approach to managing these refractory patients is essential to preventing and treating bleeding manifestations. An HLA type should be obtained for all patients anticipated to have chronic transfusion requirements. Screening for lymphocytotoxic antibodies can confirm suspected HLA alloimmunization. Histocompatible platelets (cross-match compatible and HLA matched) should be provided for all patients with HLA antibodies. A number of other therapeutic modalities have been used in an effort to manage the alloimmunized patient; most of these methods have had little or no proven benefit. When bleeding develops in the alloimmunized patient, there are few therapeutic choices. If histocompatible platelets are unavailable or unsuccessful, massive platelet transfusions of pooled platelet concentrates are commonly used, although this practice is of no proven benefit. While antifibrinolytic agents have been available for over 30 years, they are only recently being applied to control bleeding in chronic thrombocytopenia. We have successfully managed bleeding episodes in thrombocytopenic bone marrow transplant recipients with the use of epsilon aminocaproic acid. A number of these patients were platelet refractory with demonstrable platelet antibodies. Platelet refractoriness

  20. Allogeneic bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell transplantation in patients with UDCA-resistant primary biliary cirrhosis.

    PubMed

    Wang, Li; Han, Qin; Chen, Hua; Wang, Ke; Shan, Guang-liang; Kong, Fang; Yang, Yun-jiao; Li, Yong-zhe; Zhang, Xuan; Dong, Fen; Wang, Qian; Xu, Dong; Hu, Zhao-jun; Wang, Shi-hua; Keating, Armand; Bi, Ya-lan; Zhang, Feng-chun; Zhao, Robert Chun-hua

    2014-10-15

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of allogeneic bone marrow mesenchymal stromal/stem cell transplantation (BM-MSCT) for patients with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA)-resistant primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). Ten patients were enrolled in this trial of BM-MSCT. All patients were permitted to concurrently continue their previous UDCA treatment. The efficacy of BM-MSCT in UDCA-resistant PBC was assessed at various time points throughout the 12-month follow up. No transplantation-related side effects were observed. The life quality of the patients was improved after BM-MSCT as demonstrated by responses to the PBC-40 questionnaire. Serum levels of ALT, AST, γ-GT, and IgM significantly decreased from baseline after BM-MSCT. In addition, the percentage of CD8+ T cells was reduced, while that of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ T cells was increased in peripheral lymphocytic subsets. Serum levels of IL-10 were also elevated. Notably, the optimal therapeutic outcome was acquired in 3 to 6 months and could be maintained for 12 months after BM-MSCT. In conclusion, allogeneic BM-MSCT in UDCA-resistant PBC is safe and appears to be effective.

  1. HLA-haploidentical bone marrow transplantation with posttransplant cyclophosphamide expands the donor pool for patients with sickle cell disease

    PubMed Central

    Fuchs, Ephraim J.; Luznik, Leo; Lanzkron, Sophie M.; Gamper, Christopher J.; Jones, Richard J.; Brodsky, Robert A.

    2012-01-01

    Allogeneic marrow transplantation can cure sickle cell disease; however, HLA-matched donors are difficult to find, and the toxicities of myeloablative conditioning are prohibitive for most adults with this disease. We developed a nonmyeloablative bone marrow transplantation platform using related, including HLA-haploidentical, donors for patients with sickle cell disease. The regimen consisted of antithymocyte globulin, fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and total body irradiation, and graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis with posttransplantation high-dose cyclophosphamide, mycophenolate mofetil, and tacrolimus or sirolimus. After screening 19 patients, we transplanted 17, 14 from HLA-haploidentical and 3 from HLA-matched related donors. Eleven patients engrafted durably. With a median follow-up of 711 days (minimal follow up 224 days), 10 patients are asymptomatic, and 6 patients are off immunosupression. Only 1 patient developed skin-only acute graft-versus-host disease that resolved without any therapy; no mortality was seen. Nonmyeloablative conditioning with posttransplantation high-dose cyclophosphamide expands the donor pool, making marrow transplantation feasible for most patients with sickle cell disease, and is associated with a low risk of complications, even with haploidentical related donors. Graft failure, 43% in haploidentical pairs, remains a major obstacle but may be acceptable in a fraction of patients if the majority can be cured without serious toxicities. PMID:22955919

  2. HLA-haploidentical bone marrow transplantation with posttransplant cyclophosphamide expands the donor pool for patients with sickle cell disease.

    PubMed

    Bolaños-Meade, Javier; Fuchs, Ephraim J; Luznik, Leo; Lanzkron, Sophie M; Gamper, Christopher J; Jones, Richard J; Brodsky, Robert A

    2012-11-22

    Allogeneic marrow transplantation can cure sickle cell disease; however, HLA-matched donors are difficult to find, and the toxicities of myeloablative conditioning are prohibitive for most adults with this disease. We developed a nonmyeloablative bone marrow transplantation platform using related, including HLA-haploidentical, donors for patients with sickle cell disease. The regimen consisted of antithymocyte globulin, fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and total body irradiation, and graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis with posttransplantation high-dose cyclophosphamide, mycophenolate mofetil, and tacrolimus or sirolimus. After screening 19 patients, we transplanted 17, 14 from HLA-haploidentical and 3 from HLA-matched related donors. Eleven patients engrafted durably. With a median follow-up of 711 days (minimal follow up 224 days), 10 patients are asymptomatic, and 6 patients are off immunosupression. Only 1 patient developed skin-only acute graft-versus-host disease that resolved without any therapy; no mortality was seen. Nonmyeloablative conditioning with posttransplantation high-dose cyclophosphamide expands the donor pool, making marrow transplantation feasible for most patients with sickle cell disease, and is associated with a low risk of complications, even with haploidentical related donors. Graft failure, 43% in haploidentical pairs, remains a major obstacle but may be acceptable in a fraction of patients if the majority can be cured without serious toxicities.

  3. Comparison of perceived symptoms of patients undergoing bone marrow transplant and the nurses caring for them.

    PubMed

    Larson, P J; Viele, C S; Coleman, S; Dibble, S L; Cebulski, C

    1993-01-01

    This study describes the symptomatology of patients hospitalized for bone marrow transplant (BMT) (n = 30) and compares their perceptions of these symptoms to those of nurses (n = 28). Patients and nurses responded to the Symptom Distress Scale (SDS) four times: within 48 hours of BMT day one (T1); day 7-10 post-BMT (T2); day 20-23 post-BMT (T3); and day 30-34 post-BMT (T4). Patients also completed the Profile of Mood States at T1. Each time, the investigators completed a Karnofsky Performance Status evaluation of each patient. Patients perceived significantly more distress from their symptoms at T1 than their nurses perceived that they were experiencing. Over time, patients' SDS scores did not change significantly. However, nurses' SDS scores indicated significant differences, with their SDS scores at T1 less than those at T2 and T3. The results indicate the importance of nurses exploring the perceived symptom experiences of patients undergoing BMT. Any incongruence between nurses' and patients' perceptions potentially could prevent patients' symptoms from being managed effectively.

  4. Extramedullary Relapse Following Total Marrow and Lymphoid Irradiation in Patients Undergoing Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Ji Hyun; Stein, Anthony; Schultheiss, Timothy E.; Palmer, Joycelynne; Liu, An; Rosenthal, Joseph; Forman, Stephen J.

    2014-05-01

    Purpose: Approximately 5% to 20% of patients who undergo total body irradiation (TBI) in preparation for hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) can develop extramedullary (EM) relapse. Whereas total marrow and lymphoid irradiation (TMLI) provides a more conformally targeted radiation therapy for patients, organ sparing has the potential to place the patient at a higher risk for EM relapse than TBI. This study evaluated EM relapse in patients treated with TMLI at our institution. Methods and Materials: Patients eligible for analysis had been enrolled in 1 of 3 prospective TMLI trials between 2006 and 2012. The TMLI targeted bones, major lymph node chains, liver, spleen, testes, and brain, using image-guided tomotherapy with total dose ranging from 12 to 15 Gy. Results: A total of 101 patients with a median age of 47 years were studied. The median follow-up was 12.8 months. Incidence of EM relapse and bone marrow (BM) relapse were 12.9% and 25.7%, respectively. Of the 13 patients who had EM relapse, 4 also had BM relapse, and 7 had EM disease prior to HCT. There were a total of 19 EM relapse sites as the site of initial recurrence: 11 soft tissue, 6 lymph node, 2 skin. Nine of these sites were within the target region and received ≥12 Gy. Ten initial EM relapse sites were outside of the target region: 5 sites received 10.1 to 11.4 Gy while 5 sites received <10 Gy. Pretransplantation EM was the only significant predictor of subsequent EM relapse. The cumulative incidence of EM relapse was 4% at 1 year and 11.4% at 2 years. Conclusions: EM relapse incidence was as frequent in regions receiving ≥10 Gy as those receiving <10 Gy. EM relapse rates following TMLI that included HCT regimens were comparable to published results with regimens including TBI and suggest that TMLI is not associated with an increased EM relapse risk.

  5. Motor and cognitive testing of bone marrow transplant patients after chemoradiotherapy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Parth, P.; Dunlap, W. P.; Kennedy, R. S.; Ordy, J. M.; Lane, N. E.

    1989-01-01

    Assessment of cognitive and motor performance of bone marrow transplant patients prior to, during, and following intensive toxic chemoradiotherapy may provide an important adjunct to measures of physiological and medical status. The present study is an attempt to assess whether, as side-effects, these aggressive treatments result in cognitive performance deficits, and if so, whether such changes recover posttreatment. Measurement of cognitive ability in this situation presents special problems not encountered with one-time tests intended for healthy adults. Such tests must be sensitive to changes within a single individual, which emphasizes the crucial importance of high reliability, stability across repeated-measures, and resistance to confounding factors such as motivation and fatigue. The present research makes use of a microbased portable test battery developed to have reliable and sensitive tests which were adapted to study the special requirements of transplant patients who may suffer cognitive deficits as a result of treatment. The results showed slight but significant changes in neuropsychological capacity when compared to baseline levels and controls, particularly near the beginning of treatment. The sensitivity of the battery in detecting such subtle temporary changes is discussed in terms of past research showing effects of other stressors, such as stimulated high altitude and ingestion of alcohol, on these measures.

  6. Long-term persistence of donor nuclei in a Duchenne muscular dystrophy patient receiving bone marrow transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Gussoni, Emanuela; Bennett, Richard R.; Muskiewicz, Kristina R.; Meyerrose, Todd; Nolta, Jan A.; Gilgoff, Irene; Stein, James; Chan, Yiu-mo; Lidov, Hart G.; Bönnemann, Carsten G.; von Moers, Arpad; Morris, Glenn E.; den Dunnen, Johan T.; Chamberlain, Jeffrey S.; Kunkel, Louis M.; Weinberg, Kenneth

    2002-01-01

    Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe progressive muscle-wasting disorder caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene. Studies have shown that bone marrow cells transplanted into lethally irradiated mdx mice, the mouse model of DMD, can become part of skeletal muscle myofibers. Whether human marrow cells also have this ability is unknown. Here we report the analysis of muscle biopsies from a DMD patient (DMD-BMT1) who received bone marrow transplantation at age 1 year for X-linked severe combined immune deficiency and who was diagnosed with DMD at age 12 years. Analysis of muscle biopsies from DMD-BMT1 revealed the presence of donor nuclei within a small number of muscle myofibers (0.5-0.9%). The majority of the myofibers produce a truncated, in-frame isoform of dystrophin lacking exons 44 and 45 (not wild-type). The presence of bone marrow-derived donor nuclei in the muscle of this patient documents the ability of exogenous human bone marrow cells to fuse into skeletal muscle and persist up to 13 years after transplantation. PMID:12235112

  7. Spectrum of bone marrow morphologic findings in hepatitis C patients with and without prior liver transplantation.

    PubMed

    Boone, J M; Cui, W

    2016-12-01

    Cytopenia is a common hematologic finding in patients with HCV infection. Only a few studies have addressed bone marrow (BM) morphologic findings in these patients. No systemic study has been performed in these patients with liver transplantation (LT). We retrospectively examined BMs in 49 hepatitis C patients with and without prior LT (n = 19 and n = 30). Among the patients with an available complete blood count (n = 46), the majority of them presented with cytopenia involving one or multiple cell lineages including unicytopenia (13%, n = 6), bicytopenia (31%, n = 14), and pancytopenia (43%, n = 20). Examination of the BM revealed a wide spectrum of morphologic findings ranging from benign reactive processes to overt malignant processes which included myeloid, lymphoid, and plasma cell neoplasms. The severity of cytopenia was not correlated with cirrhosis or antiviral therapy. However, the severity of cytopenia was partly correlated with splenomegaly or LT (P < 0.05). Cytopenia is a common finding in hepatitis C patients. Hypersplenism or LT has an adverse impact on some blood cell counts. Lastly, hepatitis C patients present with a wide spectrum of BM findings including malignant neoplasms, which indicates a diagnostic value of BM examination in these patients. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  8. A survey of the supportive care needs of informal caregivers of adult bone marrow transplant patients.

    PubMed

    Armoogum, J; Richardson, A; Armes, J

    2013-04-01

    This study aims to describe the supportive care needs of informal caregivers (ICG) of adult bone marrow transplant (BMT) patients. In addition, we explored relationships between levels of unmet need, psychological morbidity and patient and ICG characteristics. We invited patients within 24 months of BMT to participate in a cross-sectional survey. Consenting patients asked their ICG to complete and return the questionnaire booklet. Measures included the Supportive Care Needs Survey Partners and Carers and General Health Questionnaire. Two hundred patients were approached, and 98 completed questionnaires were received (response rate = 49 %). We found high unmet need and psychological morbidity among ICGs and an association between ICG unmet need and psychological morbidity. Patient functioning, particularly anxiety and depression, sexual dysfunction and resumption of usual activities impacted on ICG unmet need and psychological morbidity. No associations were found between ICG unmet need and psychological morbidity and the following variables: type of BMT, time from BMT, ICG gender, number of dependents and patient age. ICG of BMT patients have high levels of unmet need and psychological morbidity in the months that follow a BMT. This highlights the importance of thorough needs assessment to ensure limited resources are targeted to those most in need.

  9. Deficient Neutrophil Extracellular Trap Formation in Patients Undergoing Bone Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Glenn, Jared W; Cody, Mark J; McManus, Meghann P; Pulsipher, Michael A; Schiffman, Joshua D; Yost, Christian Con

    2016-01-01

    Overwhelming infection causes significant morbidity and mortality among patients treated with bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for primary immune deficiencies, syndromes of bone marrow failure, or cancer. The polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN; neutrophil) is the first responder to microbial invasion and acts within the innate immune system to contain and clear infections. PMNs contain, and possibly clear, infections in part by forming neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). NETs are extensive lattices of extracellular DNA and decondensed chromatin decorated with antimicrobial proteins and degradative enzymes, such as histones, myeloperoxidase, and neutrophil elastase. They trap and contain microbes, including bacteria and fungi, and may directly affect extracellular microbial killing. Whether or not deficient NET formation contributes to the increased risk for overwhelming infection in patients undergoing BMT remains incompletely characterized, especially in the pediatric population. We examined NET formation in vitro in PMNs isolated from 24 patients who had undergone BMT for 13 different clinical indications. For these 24 study participants, the median age was 7 years. For 6 of the 24 patients, we examined NET formation by PMNs isolated from serial, peripheral blood samples drawn at three different clinical time points: pre-BMT, pre-engraftment, and post-engraftment. We found decreased NET formation by PMNs isolated from patients prior to BMT and during the pre-engraftment and post-engraftment phases, with decreased NET formation compared with healthy control PMNs detected even out to 199 days after their BMT. This decrease in NET formation after BMT did not result from neutrophil developmental immaturity as we demonstrated that >80% of the PMNs tested using flow cytometry expressed both CD10 and CD16 as markers of terminal differentiation along the neutrophilic lineage. These pilot study results mandate further exploration regarding the mechanisms or factors

  10. Deficient Neutrophil Extracellular Trap Formation in Patients Undergoing Bone Marrow Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Glenn, Jared W.; Cody, Mark J.; McManus, Meghann P.; Pulsipher, Michael A.; Schiffman, Joshua D.; Yost, Christian Con

    2016-01-01

    Overwhelming infection causes significant morbidity and mortality among patients treated with bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for primary immune deficiencies, syndromes of bone marrow failure, or cancer. The polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN; neutrophil) is the first responder to microbial invasion and acts within the innate immune system to contain and clear infections. PMNs contain, and possibly clear, infections in part by forming neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). NETs are extensive lattices of extracellular DNA and decondensed chromatin decorated with antimicrobial proteins and degradative enzymes, such as histones, myeloperoxidase, and neutrophil elastase. They trap and contain microbes, including bacteria and fungi, and may directly affect extracellular microbial killing. Whether or not deficient NET formation contributes to the increased risk for overwhelming infection in patients undergoing BMT remains incompletely characterized, especially in the pediatric population. We examined NET formation in vitro in PMNs isolated from 24 patients who had undergone BMT for 13 different clinical indications. For these 24 study participants, the median age was 7 years. For 6 of the 24 patients, we examined NET formation by PMNs isolated from serial, peripheral blood samples drawn at three different clinical time points: pre-BMT, pre-engraftment, and post-engraftment. We found decreased NET formation by PMNs isolated from patients prior to BMT and during the pre-engraftment and post-engraftment phases, with decreased NET formation compared with healthy control PMNs detected even out to 199 days after their BMT. This decrease in NET formation after BMT did not result from neutrophil developmental immaturity as we demonstrated that >80% of the PMNs tested using flow cytometry expressed both CD10 and CD16 as markers of terminal differentiation along the neutrophilic lineage. These pilot study results mandate further exploration regarding the mechanisms or factors

  11. p53 protein expression in patients with myelodysplasia treated with allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Pich, Achille; Godio, Laura; Davico Bonino, Laura

    2017-06-01

    Tumor protein 53 mutations adversely affect the prognosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS); however, few studies have reported on the prognostic significance of the expression of p53 protein in MDS. The current study investigated p53 immunoreactivity (p53-IR) in bone marrow biopsies (BMBs) obtained at diagnosis from 18 patients (6 females and 12 males; mean age, 50.5 years) with MDS that underwent bone marrow transplantation (BMT) to determine the associations between clinical and histopathological data and outcome. There were 5 refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia (RCMD) and 13 refractory anemia with excess blasts, type 2 (RAEB-2) cases. p53-IR was assessed as the percentage of hematopoietic cells exhibiting intense nuclear staining. The cut off for positivity was 5% of stained cells. A positive p53-IR was detected in 7 patients (38.9%) and was associated with age (P=0.005) and pattern of BM fibrosis (P=0.03). A positive p53-IR was more frequent in females, in highly cellular BMBs and in RAEB-2 cases. Overall survival (OS) was associated with patients' age (P=0.01), hemoglobin level (P=0.04), type of MDS (P=0.05), degree of BM fibrosis (P=0.006) and number of BM blasts (P=0.05). The OS of patients with negative p53-IR tended to be longer compared with that of patients with positive p53-IR, although this difference was not statistically significant (P=0.1). Despite the limitation of the low number of cases, the present results indicate that a positive p53-IR at diagnosis is associated with clinically more aggressive MDS subtypes and adverse histological prognostic factors, such as BM fibrosis. Therefore, the evaluation of p53 expression of BMBs of patients with MDS may be introduced in the histopathological work-up of the disease.

  12. p53 protein expression in patients with myelodysplasia treated with allogeneic bone marrow transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Pich, Achille; Godio, Laura; Davico Bonino, Laura

    2017-01-01

    Tumor protein 53 mutations adversely affect the prognosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS); however, few studies have reported on the prognostic significance of the expression of p53 protein in MDS. The current study investigated p53 immunoreactivity (p53-IR) in bone marrow biopsies (BMBs) obtained at diagnosis from 18 patients (6 females and 12 males; mean age, 50.5 years) with MDS that underwent bone marrow transplantation (BMT) to determine the associations between clinical and histopathological data and outcome. There were 5 refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia (RCMD) and 13 refractory anemia with excess blasts, type 2 (RAEB-2) cases. p53-IR was assessed as the percentage of hematopoietic cells exhibiting intense nuclear staining. The cut off for positivity was 5% of stained cells. A positive p53-IR was detected in 7 patients (38.9%) and was associated with age (P=0.005) and pattern of BM fibrosis (P=0.03). A positive p53-IR was more frequent in females, in highly cellular BMBs and in RAEB-2 cases. Overall survival (OS) was associated with patients' age (P=0.01), hemoglobin level (P=0.04), type of MDS (P=0.05), degree of BM fibrosis (P=0.006) and number of BM blasts (P=0.05). The OS of patients with negative p53-IR tended to be longer compared with that of patients with positive p53-IR, although this difference was not statistically significant (P=0.1). Despite the limitation of the low number of cases, the present results indicate that a positive p53-IR at diagnosis is associated with clinically more aggressive MDS subtypes and adverse histological prognostic factors, such as BM fibrosis. Therefore, the evaluation of p53 expression of BMBs of patients with MDS may be introduced in the histopathological work-up of the disease. PMID:28588781

  13. Patient satisfaction with nursing staff in bone marrow transplantation and hematology units.

    PubMed

    Piras, A; Poddigue, M; Angelucci, E

    2010-01-01

    Several validated questionnaires for assessment of hospitalized patient satisfaction have been reported in the literature. Many have been designed specifically for patients with cancer. User satisfaction is one indicator of service quality and benefits. Thus, we conducted a small qualitative survey managed by nursing staff in our Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit and Acute Leukemia Unit, with the objectives of assessing patient satisfaction, determining critical existing problems, and developing required interventions. The sample was not probabilistic. A questionnaire was developed using the Delphi method in a pilot study with 30 patients. Analysis of the data suggested a good level of patient satisfaction with medical and nursing staffs (100%), but poor satisfaction with food (48%), services (38%), and amenities (31%). Limitations of the study were that the questionnaire was unvalidated and the sample was small. However, for the first time, patient satisfaction was directly measured at our hospital. Another qualitative study will be conducted after correction of the critical points that emerged during this initial study, in a larger sample of patients.

  14. Screening for religious/spiritual struggle in blood and marrow transplant patients

    PubMed Central

    Fitchett, George; Berry, Donna L.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose A growing body of research documents the harmful effects of religious/spiritual (R/S) struggle (e.g., feeling abandoned or punished by God) among patients with a wide variety of diagnoses. Documented effects include poorer quality of life, greater emotional distress, poorer recovery, and increased disability. This study reports the use of a screening protocol that identified patients who may have been experiencing R/S struggle. We also examined the prevalence and correlates of possible R/S struggle, its association with quality of life, pain, and depressive symptoms and compared the results from the screening protocol with social workers’ assessments. Methods One hundred seventy-eight blood and marrow transplant patients completed the Electronic Self-Report Assessment—Cancer (ESRA-C) which included the Rush Religious Struggle Screening Protocol and other measures of quality of life, pain, and depressive symptoms prior to transplant therapy. All participants were assessed by a social worker, 90 % within 2 weeks of the ESRA-C assessment. Results Using the Rush Protocol, 18 % of the patients were identified as potentially experiencing R/S struggle. R/S struggle was not reported in any social work assessments. In a multivariable model, potential R/S struggle was more likely in patients who were more recently diagnosed, male, and Asian/Pacific Islanders. There were no significant associations between potential R/S struggle and quality of life, pain, or depressive symptoms. Conclusions Early identification of patients with R/S struggle will facilitate their referral for further assessment and appropriate intervention. Further research is needed to identify the best methods of screening patients for R/S struggle. PMID:23052922

  15. The Human Figure Drawing with Donor and Nondonor Siblings of Pediatric Bone Marrow Transplant Patients.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Packman, Wendy L.; Beck, Vanessa L.; VanZutphen, Kelly H.; Long, Janet K.; Spengler, Gisele

    2003-01-01

    There is little research on the psychological impact of bone marrow transplantation (BMT) on family members. This study uses the Human Figure Drawing (HFD) to measure siblings' emotional distress toward BMT. Among the siblings, feelings of isolation, anger, depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem emerged as major themes. Findings indicate the…

  16. The Human Figure Drawing with Donor and Nondonor Siblings of Pediatric Bone Marrow Transplant Patients.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Packman, Wendy L.; Beck, Vanessa L.; VanZutphen, Kelly H.; Long, Janet K.; Spengler, Gisele

    2003-01-01

    There is little research on the psychological impact of bone marrow transplantation (BMT) on family members. This study uses the Human Figure Drawing (HFD) to measure siblings' emotional distress toward BMT. Among the siblings, feelings of isolation, anger, depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem emerged as major themes. Findings indicate the…

  17. The Kinetic Family Drawing with Donor and Nondonor Siblings of Pediatric Bone Marrow Transplant Patients.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Packman, Wendy L.; Crittenden, Mary R.; Fischer, Jodie B. Rieger; Cowan, Morton J.; Long, Janet K.; Gruenert, Carol; Schaeffer, Evonne; Bongar, Bruce

    1998-01-01

    Utilizes the Kinetic Family Drawings-Revised (KFD-R) to measure siblings' (N=44) feelings and attitudes toward bone marrow transplants. Data from drawings and discussions with siblings underscore that not all children are affected by stress in the same way. How a particular child responds depends on factors such as life history, personality,…

  18. The Kinetic Family Drawing with Donor and Nondonor Siblings of Pediatric Bone Marrow Transplant Patients.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Packman, Wendy L.; Crittenden, Mary R.; Fischer, Jodie B. Rieger; Cowan, Morton J.; Long, Janet K.; Gruenert, Carol; Schaeffer, Evonne; Bongar, Bruce

    1998-01-01

    Utilizes the Kinetic Family Drawings-Revised (KFD-R) to measure siblings' (N=44) feelings and attitudes toward bone marrow transplants. Data from drawings and discussions with siblings underscore that not all children are affected by stress in the same way. How a particular child responds depends on factors such as life history, personality,…

  19. Total Marrow Irradiation as Part of Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation for Asian Patients with Multiple Myeloma

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Shih-Chiang; Hsieh, Pei-Ying; Shueng, Pei-Wei; Tien, Hui-Ju; Wang, Li-Ying

    2013-01-01

    To compare the outcomes of melphalan 200 mg/m2 (HDM200) and 8 Gy total marrow irradiation (TMI) delivered by helical tomotherapy plus melphalan 140 mg/m2 (HDM140 + TMI 8 Gy) in newly diagnosed symptomatic multiple myeloma (MM) Asian patients. Between 2007 and 2010, nine consecutive myeloma patients who were scheduled to undergo autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) were studied. The patients received three cycles of vincristine-adriamycin-dexamethasone (VAD) regimen as induction chemotherapy, and if they had a partial response, peripheral blood stem cells were collected by dexamethasone-etoposide-cyclophosphamide-cisplatin (DECP). In arm A, six patients received the HDM200. In arm B, three patients received HDM140 + TMI 8 Gy. In arm B, the neutropenic duration was slightly longer than in arm A (P = 0.048). However, hematologic recovery (except for neutrophils), transfusion requirement, median duration of hospitalization, and the dose of G-CSF were similar in both arms. The median duration of overall survival and event-free survival was similar in the two arms (P = 0.387). As a conditioning regiment, HDM140 + TMI 8 Gy provide another chance for MM Asian patients who were not feasible for HDM200. PMID:24089671

  20. [Effects of parenteral glutamine in patients submitted to bone marrow transplantation].

    PubMed

    Gómez Candela, C; Castillo, R; de Cos, A I; Iglesias, C; Martín, M C; Aguado, M J; Ojeda, E

    2006-01-01

    Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is a therapy used for hematologic malignancies and solid tumors. Associated chemotherapy and radiotherapy to which these patients are submitted induce secondary effects, with a high metabolic stress. Glutamine is considered a conditionally essential amino acid, and has been shown effective in severe catabolic states. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of parenteral nutrition (PN) therapy supplemented with glutamine on duration of nutritional support in a group of patients with BMT. We have also analyzed associated complications, the nutritional status, the clinical course at 6 months, differences as to type of transplantation, and oral ingestion capability. This is a phase IV, randomized, double blind, and parallel clinical trial, done at a single center. The study was performed on 49 patients, 29% male and 71% female patients, with ages between 21-63 years, distributed in 3 diagnostic groups (leukemia, lymphoma, and solid tumors), and admitted to the Hematology Department of our Hospital. Fifty percent of the patients in each group have received PN supplemented with glutamine (0.4 g/kg/day of L-alanine-L-glutamine), and the other 50% have received standard PN. we have not found significant differences nor at the beginning nor at the end of the study between both groups with regards to studied variables. PN is and effective therapy for maintenance of the nutritional status in patients submitted to a therapy with a, highly catabolic effect such as BMT. Although we have not been able to show the efficacy of glutamine supplementation in this study with the used dose, it does have been effective in other reports.

  1. Stem cell bone marrow transplantation in patients with metabolic storage diseases.

    PubMed

    Krivit, William

    2002-01-01

    In 1984, an initial report was published on the use of BMT for inborn errors of metabolism. Our first BMT patient had a diagnosis of Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome. She had end-stage cardiopulmonary disease at the time of the transplant and was considered likely to die within months. (69) She is still alive 2 decades later, albeit with limited pulmonary function. In 1992, experimental data demonstrated the prevention of CNS deterioration in fucosidase-deficient dogs after BMT.70 These findings have been noted in many other similar studies. (46) Ample data indicate that BMT can reconstitute the CNS in several of these diseases. Progress is continuing in reducing the morbidity and mortality. In the near future, additional advances may allow for no loss of life and no illness during the bone marrow transplantation process. There is hope that by using neonatal screening techniques, infants at risk can have metabolic storage diseases diagnosed before the diseases progress so that effective treatment can be provided. The combination of all of these advances should result in a logarithmic improvement within the next 2 decades. The plan will be to avoid any mortality or morbidity and to always provide complete engraftment that is permanent and enters all tissues completely.

  2. Alternaria alternata invasive fungal infection in a patient with Fanconi's anemia after an unrelated bone marrow transplant.

    PubMed

    Ferreira, Isabelina de Sousa; Teixeira, Gilda; Abecasis, Manuel

    2013-02-01

    Alternaria spp. have emerged as opportunistic pathogens particularly in immunosuppressed patients, such as bone marrow transplant recipients. The authors present a case of Alternaria alternata in a patient with Fanconi's anemia, who received antifungal prophylaxis with posaconazole after an unrelated bone marrow transplantation, followed by empirical antifungal treatment with caspofungin when persistent fever emerged until cutaneous lesions eventually appeared. At that time there were clinical reasons to assume that the patient had an infection with an emerging fungus. This consideration triggered a change of the antifungal therapy from caspofungin to liposomal amphotericin B. After collecting sufficient evidence for the presence of an invasive fungal infection by A. alternata and given the severity of neutropenia and other immunosuppression, oral posaconazole was added to liposomal amphotericin B. The course of disease in this case suggests a possibly synergistic interaction between liposomal amphotericin B and posaconazole when administered simultaneously to treat an invasive systemic infection by Alternaria spp. in immunocompromised patients.

  3. Secondary myelodysplasia and acute leukemia in breast cancer patients after autologous bone marrow transplant.

    PubMed

    Laughlin, M J; McGaughey, D S; Crews, J R; Chao, N J; Rizzieri, D; Ross, M; Gockerman, J; Cirrincione, C; Berry, D; Mills, L; Defusco, P; LeGrand, S; Peters, W P; Vredenburgh, J J

    1998-03-01

    To determine the incidence of myelodysplasia (MDS) and/or acute leukemia (AL) in breast cancer patients after high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) with a single conditioning regimen and autologous bone marrow transplant (ABMT), and analyze the cytogenetic abnormalities that arise after HDC. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 864 breast cancer patients who underwent ABMT at Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, from 1985 through 1996 who received the same preparative regimen of cyclophosphamide 1,875 mg/m2 for 3 days, cisplatin 55 mg/m2 for 3 days, and BCNU 600 mg/m2 for 1 day (CPB). Pretransplant cytogenetics were analyzed in all patients and posttransplant cytogenetics were evaluated in four of five patients who developed MDS/AL. Five of 864 patients developed MDS/AL after HDC with CPB and ABMT. The crude cumulative incidence of MDS/AL was 0.58%. The Kaplan-Meier curve shows a 4-year probability of developing MDS/AL of 1.6%. Pretransplant cytogenetics performed on these five patients were all normal. Posttransplant cytogenetics were performed on four of five patients and they were abnormal in all four, although only one patient had the most common cytogenetic abnormality associated with secondary MDS/AL (chromosome 5 and/or 7 abnormality). Whereas MDS/AL is a potential complication of HDC with CPB and ABMT, the incidence in this series of patients with breast cancer was relatively low compared with that reported in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma who underwent ABMT. The cytogenetic abnormalities reported in this group of breast cancer patients were not typical of those seen in prior reports of secondary MDS/AL and appear to have occurred after HDC.

  4. [Bone marrow transplant in patients with sickle cell anaemia. Experience in one centre].

    PubMed

    García Morin, Marina; Cela, Elena; Garrido, Carmen; Bardón Cancho, Eduardo; Aguado Del Hoyo, Alejandra; Pascual, Cristina; Pérez-Corral, Ana; Beléndez, Cristina

    2017-03-01

    Sickle cell disease (SCD), despite the improvement in the medical management, is still associated with severe morbidity and decreased survival. Allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Allo-HSCT) currently provides the only curative therapy. A report is presented on our experience in children with SCD, who underwent Allo-HSCT in a single centre. A single centre descriptive study was conducted on patients with SCD who underwent a bone marrow transplant from an HLA-identical sibling donor between January 2010 and December 2014. Epidemiological, clinical and analytical parameters were collected with a follow-up to December 2015. Data are presented as frequencies, percentages, and medians (range). Allo-HCST was performed in 11 patients (8 males) with a median age of 7 years (2-13), all of them with comorbidity prior to the HCST. A stable graft was achieved in 10 out of 11 patients, 9 of them with complete donor chimerism, and one patient with stable mixed chimerism after 1 year of allo-HSCT. One patient has secondary graft failure with re-appearance of symptoms associated with SCD on day 180. Complications of Allo-HSCT are: arterial hypertension 7/11, acute renal failure 3/11, CMV reactivation 9/11, neurological complications 4/11 (subarachnoid haemorrhage, seizure), and acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) of the skin 6/11, one of whom developed grade iv intestinal aGVHD, causing his death (day 51). None of the patients developed chronic GVHD. The overall survival and event-free survival was 90.9% and 81.9%, respectively, with a median follow-up of 3.1 (1-5.7) years. Allo-HSCT, the only curative therapy, remains associated with morbidity. There was a transplant related mortality in our study, consistent with multicentre studies (1/11), and with aGVHD being the main cause. Other problems still include graft failure (1/11), and neurological complications (4/11), although the permanent sequelae are mild. Copyright © 2016 Asociación Española de Pediatr

  5. Patient perceptions of an art-making experience in an outpatient blood and marrow transplant clinic.

    PubMed

    Mische Lawson, L; Glennon, C; Amos, M; Newberry, T; Pearce, J; Salzman, S; Young, J

    2012-05-01

    This study explored blood and marrow transplantation (BMT) patients' perceptions of an art-making experience during BMT treatment. Participants including patients receiving BMT for a variety of cancers (10 men/10 women, aged 20-68) were offered a 1 hour tile-painting activity during treatment. Participants with cognitive impairment and respiratory precautions were excluded from the study. Researchers followed immune precaution protocols for the safety of participants. Data were collected through semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 20 participants to gather information about their perceptions of the art-making experience in a BMT clinic setting. Interview recordings were transcribed verbatim and analysed. Researchers coded transcripts independently and discussed outcomes together to achieve agreement on themes. Twelve themes emerged from the data, with the three most prevalent themes being Occupying Time (20.5%), Creative Expression (13.5%), and Reactions to Tile Painting (13.5%). Other themes included Support (12.2%), Side Effects (7.3%), Other Activities Suggested by Patients (7%), BMT Treatment Process (6.2%), Shared Painting Experience (5.9%), Life Outlook (5.2%), BMT Life Changes (3.8%), Spirituality (3%) and Barriers (1.9%). Through analysis of these themes, researchers have identified this art-making experience as a diversional or meaningful way to spend time during treatment, a medium for creative expression, and a distraction from negative side effects of the BMT process. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  6. [Acute renal failure secondary to hepatic veno-occlusive disease in a bone marrow transplant patient].

    PubMed

    Borrego, F J; Viedma, G; Pérez del Barrio, P; Gil, J M; de Santis-Scoccia, C; Ramírez Huerta, J M; Alcalá, A; Pérez Bañasco, V

    2003-01-01

    Acute renal failure following bone marrow transplantation is a frequent complication with an incidence ranging 15-30% and with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Numerous potential etiologies can be implicated as chemotherapy regimen, use of nephrotoxic antibiotics, sepsis-induced damage, cyclosporine toxicity and other especific pathologies as graft-v-host disease or veno-occlusive disease of the liver. We report the case of a 41-year-old man who underwent autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation and developed and acute renal failure secondary to a fatal veno-occlusive disease of the liver. Incidence, potential predisposing factors, outcome and possibilities of treatment are reviewed.

  7. Atypical Porokeratosis Developing Following Bone Marrow Transplantation in a Patient with Myelodysplastic Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Cha, Sang Hee; Lee, Jun Young; Cho, Baik Kee

    2010-01-01

    Porokeratosis is an abnormal disease of keratinization of epidermis. It is clinically characterized by margins covered with keratin layer and it typically has an atrophied macule with a protruded, circular form. Histopathologically, it shows the findings of cornoid lamella. Risk factors for its development include organ transplantation, long-term use of corticosteroids, immunocompromised status, including AIDS, and exposure to ultraviolet light. We herein report a case of atypical porokeratosis in a 38-year-old man who developed porokeratosis involving multiple sites following bone marrow transplantation for myelodysplastic syndrome. PMID:20548916

  8. Autoimmune Encephalitis Following Bone Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Rathore, Geetanjali S; Leung, Kathryn S; Muscal, Eyal

    2015-09-01

    Neurological complications, especially encephalopathy and seizures, are commonly seen in bone marrow transplant patients. Infections, chemotoxicity, graft versus host disease, or secondary central nervous system malignancies are the most common underlying etiologies. There is increased awareness that autoimmune encephalitis may cause neurological dysfunction in immunocompetent children. The potential role of such a mechanism in children undergoing bone marrow transplantation is unknown. We report a boy who developed autoimmune encephalitis with voltage-gated potassium channel-associated and thyroid autoantibodies subsequent to transplantation. A 7-year-old boy presented with a change in behavior, poor attention, cognitive deficits, and abnormal movements 15 months after undergoing transplantation for idiopathic aplastic anemia. He had clinical and subclinical seizures and brain magnetic resonance imaging hyperintensities bilaterally in the uncal regions. His evaluation revealed high titers of voltage-gated potassium channel, leucine-rich glioma-inactivated 1 protein, and thyroglobulin antibodies suggestive of autoimmune limbic encephalitis. He showed significant improvement in behavior and neuropsychological testing and has remained seizure-free on levetiracetam after immunotherapy with corticosteroids and intravenous immunoglobulin. Systemic autoimmune manifestations in bone marrow transplant patients have been well-documented, but autoimmune encephalitis after transplantation has yet to be described in children. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Catheter-Related Candidemia Caused by Candida lipolytica in a Patient Receiving Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    D'Antonio, Domenico; Romano, Ferdinando; Pontieri, Eugenio; Fioritoni, Giuseppe; Caracciolo, Claudia; Bianchini, Stefano; Olioso, Paola; Staniscia, Tommaso; Sferra, Roberta; Boccia, Stefania; Vetuschi, Antonella; Federico, Giovanni; Gaudio, Eugenio; Carruba, Giuseppe

    2002-01-01

    Candida lipolytica was recovered from the blood and the central venous catheter in a patient receiving allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Two C. lipolytica strains from different geographical areas and the ATCC 9773 strain of C. lipolytica were used as controls. C. lipolytica was identified by standard methods. MICs indicated antifungal susceptibilities to amphotericin B, fluconazole, and itraconazole for all strains. In vitro testing and scanning electron microscopy showed that C. lipolytica was capable of producing large amounts of viscid slime material in glucose-containing solution, likely responsible for the ability of the yeast to adhere to catheter surfaces. Restriction fragment length polymorphisms revealed an identical profile for all clinical isolates, unrelated to those observed for the control strains. This finding suggested the absence of microevolutionary changes in the population of the infecting strain, despite the length of the sepsis and the potential selective pressure of amphotericin B, which had been administered to the patient for about 20 days. The genomic differences that emerged between the isolates and the control strains were indicative of a certain degree of genetic diversity between C. lipolytica isolates from different geographical areas. PMID:11923360

  10. Long-term therapeutic efficacy of allogenic bone marrow transplantation in a patient with mucopolysaccharidosis IVA.

    PubMed

    Chinen, Yasutsugu; Higa, Takeshi; Tomatsu, Shunji; Suzuki, Yasuyuki; Orii, Tadao; Hyakuna, Nobuyuki

    Mucopolysaccharidosis IVA (MPS IVA) is one of the lysosomal storage diseases. It is caused by the deficiency of N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfate sulfatase. Deficiency of this enzyme leads to accumulation of the specific glycosaminoglycans keratan sulfate and chondroitin-6-sulfate. This accumulation has a direct impact on cartilage and bone development, resulting in systemic skeletal dysplasia. There is no curative therapy for this skeletal dysplasia. This report describes long-term therapeutic efficacy in a 15-year-old boy with a severe form of MPS IVA who received successful allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) from his HLA-identical carrier sister. The level of the GALNS enzyme in the recipient's lymphocytes reached almost half of normal level within two years after BMT. For the successive 9+ years post-BMT, GALNS activity in his lymphocytes maintained the same level as the donor's, and the level of urinary uronic acid was reduced. Lumbar bone mineral density increased around 50% one year later post-BMT and was kept consistent. Radiographs showed that the figures of trochanter major and minor appeared, while the epiphyseal dysplasia in the femoral cap was almost unchanged. Loud snoring and apnea disappeared. Vital capacity increased to around 20% for the first two years and was maintained. Activity of daily life (ADL) was improved in work/study efficacy, respiratory status, sleep, joint pain, and frequency of infection. In conclusion, the long-term study of hematopoetic stem cell transplantation has shown clinical improvements in respiratory function, radiograph findings, ADL, and biochemical findings, suggesting that it is a potential therapeutic option for patients with MPS IVA.

  11. The kinetics of cyclosporine and its metabolites in bone marrow transplant patients.

    PubMed Central

    Schwinghammer, T L; Przepiorka, D; Venkataramanan, R; Wang, C P; Burckart, G J; Rosenfeld, C S; Shadduck, R K

    1991-01-01

    1. The pharmacokinetics of cyclosporine (CsA) and the time course of CsA metabolites were studied in five bone marrow transplant patients after intravenous (i.v.) administration on two separate occasions and once after oral CsA administration. 2. Cyclosporine and cyclosporine metabolites were measured in whole blood by h.p.l.c. 3. Cyclosporine clearance after i.v. administration decreased from 3.9 +/- 1.7 ml min-1 kg-1 to 2.0 +/- 0.6 ml min-1 kg-1 after 14 days of treatment. The mean +/- s.d. absolute oral bioavailability of cyclosporine was 17 +/- 11%. 4. Hydroxylated CsA (M-17) was the major metabolite in blood. There were no significant differences in the mean metabolite/CsA AUC ratios between the first and second i.v. studies. 5. After oral administration, the metabolite to CsA AUC ratios were higher for most metabolites compared to those observed in the second i.v. study, suggesting a contribution of intestinal metabolism to the clearance of CsA. PMID:1777368

  12. [Genetic diversity and bone marrow transplantation].

    PubMed

    Marry, E

    2012-05-01

    The genetic origin of the patients, for whom a bone marrow transplantation has been proposed, is a key determinant in the possibility of identifying or not a compatible unrelated donor, and consequently in the possibility of performing the bone marrow transplantation. The required strict HLA compatibility, in the context of a bone marrow transplantation, increases the difficulty. A patient has one chance over four to have a compatible donor within his brothers and sisters, if any. This chance becomes one over a million, as an average, in the context of unrelated donor search. Taking into consideration the genetic history of the populations, their evolution and the large actual HLA diversity, the probability of finding an unrelated donor for a defined patient varies according to the frequency and the combination of the patient's HLA antigens, genetic markers inherited not only from his parents, but also from his ancestries. In the unrelated context, the HLA compatible donor most probably shares the same genetic history than the patient, and consequently belongs to the same population group. The study of the genetic of populations explains the difficulties in finding an unrelated compatible donor in the migrant populations, particularly those originated from Africa and from the middle east, due to their HLA specificities and to the small number of donors sharing the same origins registered on a volunteer bone marrow donors' file worldwide.

  13. Autologous Bone Marrow Transplantation for Poor-Prognosis Neuroblastoma

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-01-01

    Recent pilot studies of intensive chemotherapy and total body irradiation (TBI) followed by allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) or...autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) have produced encouraging results. In this report, we update our original study in which 20 patients with

  14. A novel explanation of corneal clouding in a bone marrow transplant-treated patient with Hurler syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Yuan, Ching; Bothun, Erick D.; Hardten, David R.; Tolar, Jakub; McLoon, Linda K.

    2016-01-01

    One common complication of mucopolysaccharidosis I-Hurler (MPS1-H) is corneal clouding, which occurs despite current treatments, including bone marrow transplantation. Human corneas were obtained from a 14 year old subject with MPS1-H and visual disability from progressive corneal clouding despite a prior bone marrow transplant at age 2. This was compared to a cornea from a 17 year old donated to our eye bank after his accidental death. The corneas were analyzed microscopically after staining with Alcian blue, antibodies to collagen I, IV, VI, and α-smooth muscle actin. Differences in levels of expression of the indicated molecules were assessed. Corneas from Hurler and control mice were examined similarly to determine potential mechanistic overlap. The MPS1-H subject cornea showed elevations in mucopolysaccharide deposition. The MPS1-H and Hurler mice corneas showed increased and disorganized expression of collagen I and IV relative to the control corneas. The MPS1-H corneas also showed increased and disordered expression of collagen VI. Positive expression of α-smooth muscle actin indicated myofibroblast conversion within the MPS1-H cornea in both the patient and mutant mouse material compared to normal human and control mouse cornea. Increased deposition of collagens and smooth muscle actin correlate with corneal clouding, providing a potential mechanism for corneal clouding despite bone marrow transplantation in MPS1-H patients. It might be possible to prevent or slow the onset of corneal clouding by treating the cornea with drugs known to prevent myofibroblast conversion. PMID:27235795

  15. An informative constitutional cytogenetic marker found in a patient post bone marrow transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Zaslav, A.L.; Graziano, J.; Ebert, R.

    1994-09-01

    It is cytogenetically difficult to distinguish between host and donor cells in allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) individuals of the same sex. Here we describe a patient with a cytogenetic marker found after BMT. A 7-month-old male presented with leukemia which was CD7+, CD33+, HLADR+, and CD4-, CD8-, indicating a diagnosis of acute stem cell leukemia (ASCL). Cytogenetic analysis revealed an abnormal clone in all of the cells analyzed: 46,XY,t(2;8)(p11.2;q24),inv(9)(p13p24). This translocation is associated with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL); thus, it was possible for this patient to develop B-cell ALL. The abnormal clone persisted along with normal 46,XY cells, and evolved in several of seven additional analyses. The patient was treated with two courses of chemotherapy and failed to attain cytogenetic remission. While in relapse, the patient received a BMT from his 3-year-old brother. Two weeks later, a different translocation was seen in all cells: 46,XY,t(3;12)(p21;q21). This result could be interpreted in two ways: (1) the structural abnormality was indicative of a newly evolved clone related to the patient`s disease; or (2) the donor was a balanced translocation carrier. Cytogenetic analysis of peripheral blood from the donor revealed the same translocation seen in the patient. Parental blood chromosomes were normal indicating that the donor carried a de novo balanced translocation. Subsequent chromosome analysis of both peripheral blood and BM from the patient revealed the presence of the translocation in all cells. De novo balanced translocations are rare and occur with a frequency of 1/2,000 live borns. The family received genetic counseling and was informed of the possible reproductive risks to translocation carriers. This unusual finding will serve as a useful cytogenetic marker to assist in monitoring the patient`s clinical course, i.e., chimerism and remission status.

  16. Allogeneic marrow transplantation for children with juvenile chronic myelogenous leukemia.

    PubMed

    Sanders, J E; Buckner, C D; Thomas, E D; Fleischer, R; Sullivan, K M; Appelbaum, F A; Storb, R

    1988-04-01

    Fourteen children between the ages of 2 and 5 years with juvenile chronic myelogenous leukemia were given cyclophosphamide, total-body irradiation, and marrow transplants. Unmodified marrow was given to six patients who received marrow from HLA-identical siblings and eight patients who received marrow from family members HLA identical for one haplotype but mismatched for one to three loci on the nonshared haplotype. Five patients died of transplant-related complications, and three relapsed at 48, 81, and 1,670 days posttransplant and died of leukemia. Six patients survive in continuous remission from 0.5 to 11.5 years posttransplant.

  17. Haploidentical, unmanipulated, G-CSF-primed bone marrow transplantation for patients with high-risk hematologic malignancies.

    PubMed

    Di Bartolomeo, Paolo; Santarone, Stella; De Angelis, Gottardo; Picardi, Alessandra; Cudillo, Laura; Cerretti, Raffaella; Adorno, Gaspare; Angelini, Stefano; Andreani, Marco; De Felice, Lidia; Rapanotti, Maria Cristina; Sarmati, Loredana; Bavaro, Pasqua; Papalinetti, Gabriele; Di Nicola, Marta; Papola, Franco; Montanari, Mauro; Nagler, Arnon; Arcese, William

    2013-01-31

    Eighty patients with high-risk hematologic malignancies underwent unmanipulated, G-CSF–primed BM transplantation from an haploidentical family donor. Patients were transplanted in first or second complete remission (CR, standard-risk: n =45) or in > second CR or active disease (high-risk: n =35). The same regimen for GVHD prophylaxis was used in all cases. The cumulative incidence (CI) of neutrophil engraftment was 93% 0.1%. The 100-day CIs for II-IV and III-IV grade of acute GVHD were 24% 0.2% and 5% 0.6%, respectively. The 2-year CI of extensive chronic GVHD was 6% 0.1%. The 1-year CI of treatment-related mortality was 36% 0.3%. After a median follow-up of 18 months, 36 of 80 (45%) patients are alive in CR. The 3-year probability of overall and disease-free survival for standard-risk and high-risk patients was 54% 8% and 33% 9% and 44% 8% and 30% 9%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, disease-free survival was significantly better for patients who had standard-risk disease and received transplantations after 2007. We conclude that unmanipulated, G-CSF–primed BM transplantation from haploidentical family donor provides very encouraging results in terms of engraftment rate, incidence of GVHD and survival and represents a feasible, valid alternative for patients with high-risk malignant hematologic diseases, lacking an HLA identical sibling and in need to be urgently transplanted. Haploidentical, unmanipulated, G-CSF-primed bone marrow transplantation. Haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for hematologic malignancies.

  18. Intraventricular Transplantation of Autologous Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells via Ommaya Reservoir in Persistent Vegetative State Patients after Haemorrhagic Stroke: Report of Two Cases & Review of the Literature.

    PubMed

    Fauzi, Asra Al; Suroto, Nur Setiawan; Bajamal, Abdul Hafid; Machfoed, Moh Hasan

    2016-01-01

    Background: One of the most devastating diseases, stroke, is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide with severe emotional and economic consequences. The purpose of this article is mainly to report the effect of intraventricular transplantation via an Ommaya reservoir using autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) in haemorrhagic stroke patients. Case Presentations: Two patients, aged 51 and 52, bearing sequels of haemorrhagic stroke were managed by intraventricular transplantation of BM-MSCs obtained from their own bone marrow. Before the procedure, both patients were bedridden, tracheostomised, on nasogastric (NG) tube feeding and in hemiparesis. The cells were transplanted intraventricularly (20 x 10(6) cells/2.5 ml) using an Ommaya reservoir, and then repeated transplantations were done after 1 and 2 months consecutively. The safety and efficacy of the procedures were evaluated 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment. The National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) was used to evaluate the patients' neurological status before and after treatment. No adverse events derived from the procedures or transplants were observed in the one-year follow-up period, and the neurological status of both patients improved after treatment. Conclusions: Our report demonstrates that the intraventricular transplantation of BM-MSCs via an Ommaya reservoir is safe and it improves the neurological status of post-haemorrhagic stroke patients. The repeated transplantation procedure is easier and safer to perform via a subcutaneously implanted Ommaya reservoir. Key Words: Haemorrhagic stroke, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs), intraventricular transplantation.

  19. Last marrow standing: bone marrow transplantation for acquired bone marrow failure conditions.

    PubMed

    Gerds, Aaron T; Scott, Bart L

    2012-12-01

    Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, aplastic anemia, and myelodysplastic syndrome are a spectrum of acquired marrow failure, having a common pathologic thread of both immune dysregulation and the development of abnormal hematopoiesis. Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation plays a critical role in the treatment of these disorders and, for many patients, is the only treatment modality with demonstrated curative potential. In recent years, there have been many breakthroughs in the understanding of the pathogenesis of these uncommon disorders. The subsequent advances in non-transplant therapies, along with concurrent improvement in outcomes after hematopoietic cell transplantation, necessitate continual appraisal of the indications, timing, and approaches to transplantation for acquired marrow failure syndromes. We review here contemporary and critical new findings driving current treatment decisions.

  20. Intraventricular Transplantation of Autologous Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells via Ommaya Reservoir in Persistent Vegetative State Patients after Haemorrhagic Stroke: Report of Two Cases & Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Fauzi, Asra Al; Suroto, Nur Setiawan; Bajamal, Abdul Hafid; Machfoed, Moh. Hasan

    2016-01-01

    Background: One of the most devastating diseases, stroke, is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide with severe emotional and economic consequences. The purpose of this article is mainly to report the effect of intraventricular transplantation via an Ommaya reservoir using autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) in haemorrhagic stroke patients. Case Presentations: Two patients, aged 51 and 52, bearing sequels of haemorrhagic stroke were managed by intraventricular transplantation of BM-MSCs obtained from their own bone marrow. Before the procedure, both patients were bedridden, tracheostomised, on nasogastric (NG) tube feeding and in hemiparesis. The cells were transplanted intraventricularly (20 x 106 cells/2.5 ml) using an Ommaya reservoir, and then repeated transplantations were done after 1 and 2 months consecutively. The safety and efficacy of the procedures were evaluated 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment. The National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) was used to evaluate the patients’ neurological status before and after treatment. No adverse events derived from the procedures or transplants were observed in the one-year follow-up period, and the neurological status of both patients improved after treatment. Conclusions: Our report demonstrates that the intraventricular transplantation of BM-MSCs via an Ommaya reservoir is safe and it improves the neurological status of post-haemorrhagic stroke patients. The repeated transplantation procedure is easier and safer to perform via a subcutaneously implanted Ommaya reservoir. Key Words: Haemorrhagic stroke, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs), intraventricular transplantation PMID:28096634

  1. Allogeneic and syngeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation in patients with amyloid light-chain amyloidosis: a report from the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Schönland, Stefan O; Lokhorst, Henk; Buzyn, Agnes; Leblond, Veronique; Hegenbart, Ute; Bandini, Giuseppe; Campbell, Andrew; Carreras, Enric; Ferrant, Augustin; Grommisch, Leanthe; Jacobs, Peter; Kröger, Nicolaus; La Nasa, Giorgio; Russell, Nigel; Zachee, Pierre; Goldschmidt, Hartmut; Iacobelli, Simona; Niederwieser, Dietger; Gahrton, Gösta

    2006-03-15

    Using the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) registry, we retrospectively studied 19 patients with AL (amyloid light-chain) amyloidosis who underwent allogeneic (allo; n = 15) or syngeneic (syn; n = 4) hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) between 1991 and 2003. For allo-SCT, full-intensity conditioning was used in 7 patients and reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) in 8 patients. Engraftment was durable in 12 of those 15 patients. The median follow-up time is 19 months. Kaplan-Meier probabilities of overall and progression-free survival were 60% and 53% at 1 year, respectively. Overall, 40% of patients died of transplant-related mortality (TRM). Best hematologic response after SCT was complete remission (CR) and partial remission (PR) in 8 and 2 patients, respectively, leading to an organ response in 8 of these patients. Seven of the 10 patients in remission are long-term survivors. In 5 of 7 evaluable patients in CR, chronic graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) was observed, indicating the contribution of immune effects to disease control. The main clinical problem was cardiac failure in patients with poor performance status due to amyloidosis or in combination with severe infections. These data suggest that allo-SCT might be a promising and potentially curative treatment modality for selected patients with AL amyloidosis.

  2. Low incidence of invasive fungal infections after bone marrow transplantation in patients receiving amphotericin B inhalations during neutropenia.

    PubMed

    Hertenstein, B; Kern, W V; Schmeiser, T; Stefanic, M; Bunjes, D; Wiesneth, M; Novotny, J; Heimpel, H; Arnold, R

    1994-01-01

    The incidence of invasive fungal infections after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) was analyzed in 303 consecutive marrow graft recipients (allogeneic n = 271, autologous n = 27, syngeneic n = 5). All patients received inhalations with amphotericin B (10 mg twice daily) during neutropenia. The overall incidence of invasive fungal infections within the first 120 days after transplant was 3.6% (11/303; aspergillosis: 6; yeast infection: 5). Four of the 11 cases occurred early, and seven cases were observed after neutrophil recovery and discontinuation of amphotericin B inhalation treatment. Late infection was significantly associated with the development of acute graft-versus-host disease. Four of the 11 infections (early 2/4; late: 2/7) were observed in patients with a history of previous fungal infection. Other patient and treatment characteristics were not helpful in defining potential risk factors. In particular, the incidence of invasive fungal infections did not differ between patients with more or less strict reverse isolation measures. Occasional side effects such as initial mild cough and bad taste were rare, usually disappeared during continued administration, and were in no case the reason for discontinuation of treatment. These data suggest that aerosolized amphotericin B may be a useful, convenient, and efficient prophylactic antifungal regimen in BMT.

  3. Reactivation of hepatitis B infection following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in a hepatitis B-immune patient: case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Kempinska, Anna; Kwak, Eun J; Angel, Jonathan B

    2005-11-01

    Reactivation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation is a rare phenomenon. Reverse seroconversion, defined as the clearance of antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAb) and the appearance of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in a patient with resolved HBV infection (i.e., a HBsAg-negative, HBsAb-positive, hepatitis B core antibody-positive patient) following receipt of a bone marrow transplant is described. A review of related cases in the literature was undertaken to identify clinical features associated with this phenomenon. We present a case of reactivation of HBV infection in a 47-year-old man after receipt of an allogeneic bone marrow transplant for acute myelogenous leukemia. Before undergoing bone marrow transplantation, the presence of HBsAb and hepatitis B core antibody and the absence of HBsAg indicated clearance of natural HBV infection. The donor was HBsAg and HBsAb negative. Twenty-nine months after bone marrow transplantation, the patient developed transaminitis and evidence of active HBV infection (the patient had test results positive for HBsAg, negative for HBsAb, and positive for HBV DNA). A total of 28 other cases of reverse seroconversion have been described in the literature, 11 of which provided adequate information to be summarized in detail together with the present case. Reactivation of HBV infection following bone marrow transplantation appears to occur almost exclusively in patients who have received marrow from an HBsAb-negative donor and have experienced graft-versus-host disease, the onset of which is associated with tapering of immunosuppressive therapy. Although HBV reverse seroconversion is an uncommon event, understanding the clinical features associated with the development of HBV reverse seroconversion may provide insight into how such a potentially fatal complication may be avoided.

  4. HLA Typing for Bone Marrow Transplantation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-31

    for Bone Marrow Transplantation Progress Report for the Period 7 Funding October 1, 2006 - December 31, 2006 Task 1: Product Validation Description...1-0310 HLA Typing for Bone Marrow Transplantation Progress Report for the Period 7 Funding October 1, 2006 - December 31, 2006 Task 2: Validation of

  5. Second allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for Patients with Fanconi anemia and Bone Marrow Failure

    PubMed Central

    Ayas, Mouhab; Eapen, Mary; Le-Rademacher, Jennifer; Carreras, Jeanette; Abdel-Azim, Hisham; Alter, Blanche P.; Anderlini, Paolo; Battiwalla, Minoo; Bierings, Marc; Buchbinder, David K.; Bonfim, Carmem; Camitta, Bruce M.; Fasth, Anders L.; Gale, Robert Peter; Lee, Michelle A.; Lund, Troy C.; Myers, Kasiani C.; Olsson, Richard F.; Page, Kristin M.; Prestidge, Tim D.; Radhi, Mohamed; Shah, Ami J.; Schultz, Kirk R.; Wirk, Baldeep; Wagner, John E.; Deeg, H. Joachim

    2015-01-01

    Second allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is the only salvage option for those for develop graft failure after their first HCT. Data on outcomes after second HCT in Fanconi anemia (FA) are scarce. We report outcomes after second allogeneic HCT for FA (n=81). The indication for second HCT was graft failure after the first HCT. Transplants occurred between 1990 and 2012. The timing of second transplantation predicted subsequent graft failure and survival. Graft failure was high when the second transplant occurred less than 3 months from the first. The 3-month probability of graft failure was 69% when the interval between first and second transplant was less than 3 months compared to 23% when the interval was longer (p<0.001). Consequently, survival rates were substantially lower when the interval between first and second transplant was less than 3 months, 23% at 1-year compared to 58%, when the interval was longer (p=0.001). The corresponding 5-year probabilities of survival were 16% and 45%, respectively (p=0.006). Taken together, these data suggest that fewer than half of FA patients undergoing a second HCT for graft failure are long-term survivors. There is an urgent need to develop strategies to lower graft failure after first HCT. PMID:26116087

  6. The Kinetics of Early T and B Cell Immune Recovery after Bone Marrow Transplantation in RAG-2-Deficient SCID Patients

    PubMed Central

    Lev, Atar; Simon, Amos J.; Bareket, Mor; Bielorai, Bella; Hutt, Daphna; Amariglio, Ninette; Rechavi, Gideon; Somech, Raz

    2012-01-01

    The kinetics of T and B cell immune recovery after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is affected by many pre- and post-transplant factors. Because of the profoundly depleted baseline T and B cell immunity in recombination activating gene 2 (RAG-2)-deficient severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) patients, some of these factors are eliminated, and the immune recovery after BMT can then be clearly assessed. This process was followed in ten SCID patients in parallel to their associated transplant-related complications. Early peripheral presence of T and B cells was observed in 8 and 4 patients, respectively. The latter correlated with pre-transplant conditioning therapy. Cells from these patients carried mainly signal joint DNA episomes, indicative of newly derived B and T cells. They were present before the normalization of the T cell receptor (TCR) and the B cell receptor (BCR) repertoire. Early presentation of the ordered TCR gene rearrangements after BMT occurred simultaneously, but this pattern was heterogeneous over time, suggesting different and individual thymic recovery processes. Our findings early after transplant could suggest the long-term patients' clinical outcome. Early peripheral presence of newly produced B and T lymphocytes from their production and maturation sites after BMT suggests donor stem cell origin rather than peripheral expansion, and is indicative of successful outcome. Peripheral detection of TCR excision circles and kappa-deleting recombination excision circles in RAG-2-deficient SCID post-BMT are early markers of T and B cell reconstitution, and can be used to monitor outcome and tailor specific therapy for patients undergoing BMT. PMID:22295088

  7. Intravenous Autologous Bone Marrow Mononuclear Cell Transplantation for Stroke: Phase1/2a Clinical Trial in a Homogeneous Group of Stroke Patients.

    PubMed

    Taguchi, Akihiko; Sakai, Chiaki; Soma, Toshihiro; Kasahara, Yukiko; Stern, David M; Kajimoto, Katsufumi; Ihara, Masafumi; Daimon, Takashi; Yamahara, Kenichi; Doi, Kaori; Kohara, Nobuo; Nishimura, Hiroyuki; Matsuyama, Tomohiro; Naritomi, Hiroaki; Sakai, Nobuyuki; Nagatsuka, Kazuyuki

    2015-10-01

    The goal of this clinical trial was to assess the feasibility and safety of transplanting autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells into patients suffering severe embolic stroke. Major inclusion criteria included patients with cerebral embolism, age 20-75 years, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score displaying improvement of ≤ 5 points during the first 7 days after stroke, and NIHSS score of ≥ 10 on day 7 after stroke. Bone marrow aspiration (25 or 50 mL; N = 6 patients in each case) was performed 7-10 days poststroke, and bone marrow mononuclear cells were administrated intravenously. Mean total transplanted cell numbers were 2.5 × 10(8) and 3.4 × 10(8) cells in the lower and higher dose groups, respectively. No apparent adverse effects of administering bone marrow cells were observed. Compared with the lower dose, patients receiving the higher dose of bone marrow cells displayed a trend toward improved neurologic outcomes. Compared with 1 month after treatment, patients receiving cell therapy displayed a trend toward improved cerebral blood flow and metabolic rate of oxygen consumption 6 months after treatment. In comparison with historical controls, patients receiving cell therapy had significantly better neurologic outcomes. Our results indicated that intravenous transplantation of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells is safe and feasible. Positive results and trends favoring neurologic recovery and improvement in cerebral blood flow and metabolism by cell therapy underscore the relevance of larger scale randomized controlled trials using this approach.

  8. Screening for Y Chromosome Microdeletion in a Nonobstructive Azoospermic Male Patient with Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplantation from His Sister

    PubMed Central

    Gurkan, Hakan; Kucukdurmaz, Faruk; Akman, Tolga; Aydın, Filiz; Kadioglu, Ates

    2010-01-01

    Genomic DNA of a patient diagnosed with nonobstructive azoospermia and with the history of allogenic bone marrow transplantation from his sister due to chronic myeloid leukemia was isolated from peripheral blood in order to screen Y chromosome microdeletions. 13 short tagged sites belonging to AZF a, b, and c loci were detected with multiplex polymerase chain reaction technique. Bands were determined in ZFX/ZFY wells, whereas no bands were determined in wells of other STS regions. DNA isolation was done from buccal mucosa smear to obtain genomic DNA from patient's own cells and multiplex polymerase chain reaction technique was performed again. Bands were seen in all wells of 13 STS regions. Y chromosome microdeletion was not detected in the patient. In conclusion, genomic DNA isolation in patients undergoing BMT should be done from patients' own cells. PMID:21209805

  9. [Renal transplantation without maintenance immunosuppression. Identical twins and kidney transplantation following a successful bone marrow graft].

    PubMed

    Hadi, Riad Abdel; Thomé, Gustavo Gomes; Ribeiro, Adriana Reginato; Manfro, Roberto Ceratti

    2015-01-01

    Renal transplantation without maintenance immunosuppression has been sporadically reported in the literature. The cases include non-adherent patients who discontinued their immunosuppressive medications, transplantation between identical twins, kidney transplantation after a successful bone marrow graft from the same donor and simultaneous bone marrow and kidney transplantation for the treatment of multiple myeloma with associated renal failure. There are also ongoing clinical trials designed to induce donor specific transplant tolerance with infusion of hematopoietic cells from the same kidney donor. Here we describe two cases of renal transplantation without immunosuppression as examples of situations described above.

  10. Sustained and full fetal hemoglobin production after failure of bone marrow transplant in a patient homozygous for beta 0-thalassemia: a clinical remission despite genetic disease and transplant rejection.

    PubMed

    Paciaroni, Katia; Gallucci, Cristiano; De Angelis, Gioia; Alfieri, Cecilia; Roveda, Andrea; Lucarelli, Guido

    2009-06-01

    An adult patient affected by beta(0)-thalassemia major underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplant (BMT) from a matched related donor. Forty days after transplant, allogeneic engraftment failure and autologous beta(0)-thalassemic bone marrow recovery were documented. Red blood cell transfusions were required until 118 days post-transplant. Thereafter, the haemoglobin (Hb) levels stabilized over 11.8 gr/dl throughout the ongoing 34-month follow-up, abolishing the need for transfusion support. The Hb electrophoresis showed 100% Hb Fetal (HbF). This unexplained case suggests full HbF production may occur in an adult patient with beta(0)-thalassemia major.

  11. Good functional outcome after prolonged postanoxic comatose myoclonic status epilepticus in a patient who had undergone bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Accardo, Jennifer; De Lisi, Domenico; Lazzerini, Paola; Primavera, Alberto

    2013-01-01

    In anoxic coma, myoclonic status epilepticus and other nonreactive epileptiform patterns are considered as signs of poor prognosis. We report the case of a good recovery in a prolonged comatose myoclonic status epilepticus (MSE) after a cardiac arrest (CA) treated with mild therapeutic hypothermia (TH) in a patient who had undergone a bone marrow transplantation for Hodgkin's lymphoma. This case emphasizes the opportunity of performing an electroencephalogram (EEG) in the acute period after an hypoxic-ischemic insult and underlines the diagnostic difficulties between MSE and Lance-Adams syndrome, which classically occurs after the patient has regained consciousness, but can also begin while the patient is still comatose or sedated. Major problems in prognostication for postarrest comatose patients will also be pointed out.

  12. A qualitative study of blood and marrow transplant patient experiences participating in art making and music listening.

    PubMed

    Mische Lawson, Lisa; Wedan, Lindsay; Stock, Morgan; Glennon, Cathy

    2016-06-01

    To explore patient experiences of engaging in art making or music listening while receiving treatment in a blood and marrow transplant clinic. Researchers recruited 25 individuals receiving blood and marrow transplant (BMT) treatment, 12 men and 13 women aged 22 to 74, from a Midwestern outpatient BMT clinic. Participants engaged in a painting activity or listened to music on an iPad using an internet music application for one hour. Researchers interviewed participants after the one-hour activity to gain insight into participants' perceptions of the art making or music listening experience. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and independently coded by members of the research team. Researchers met on several occasions to analyse codes and agree on emerging themes. Nine themes emerged from the data including, Engaging in Activity, Art and Music in Daily Life, Expression, Engaging with Equipment, Novelty, BMT Process, Activity Process, Social Support, and Living Situation. Participants enjoyed art making and music listening and found the activities beneficial during treatment. Participants benefited from art making and music listening because these activities increased the variety of options available during treatment, allowed for self-expression, and could be done alone or with caregivers. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell rescue of late graft failure after bone marrow transplantation in patients with aplastic anemia.

    PubMed Central

    Chung, Ik-Joo; Lee, Je-Jung; Park, Moo-Rim; Kook, Hoon; Cho, Sang-Hee; Hwang, Tai-Ju; Kim, Hyeoung-Joon

    2002-01-01

    We investigated the effect and outcome of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) rescue for aplastic anemia (AA) patients with graft failure after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Seven (28%) of 25 AA patients who received BMT from HLA-identical sibling donors developed late graft failure at a median of 7 months (range, 2.0-9.3 months) after transplantation. The patients with graft failure were treated with PBSC collected from the original donor after mobilization with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF). The median boost dose of peripheral blood mononuclear cells was 3.1 x 10(8)/kg (range, 1.4-11.9 x 10(8)/kg). Median times to reach an absolute neutrophil count greater than 0.5 x 10(9)/L and a platelet count greater than 50 x 10(9)/L were 7 days (range, 4-14 days) and 9 days (range, 3-41 days), respectively. There was sustained graft function in 6 of 7 patients, with a median follow-up duration of 3.3 yr (range, 1.0-6.2 yr). Grade-I acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) occurred in 2 patients, while extensive chronic GVHD developed in 3 patients. This report shows that G-CSF-mobilized allogeneic PBSC rescue is very effective in achieving complete and sustained engraftment in patients with AA after graft failure. However, more efficacious measures to prevent extensive chronic GVHD remain to be developed. PMID:12172040

  14. TNF alpha levels are increased during bone marrow transplantation conditioning in patients who develop acute GVHD.

    PubMed

    Remberger, M; Ringden, O; Markling, L

    1995-01-01

    TNF alpha levels were determined by ELISA in serum from 112 BMT patients during pre-transplant conditioning. Patients who developed post-transplant complications had significantly higher TNF alpha levels than those without complications (mean 620 pg/ml vs 440 pg/ml, P = 0.04). In particular this effect is associated with patients who developed grade II-IV acute GVHD (mean 960 pg/ml, P < 0.001) and chronic GVHD (mean 724 pg/ml, P = 0.001). High TNF alpha levels were the only statistically significant risk factor for acute GVHD. IL-1 beta and IL-6 levels were not correlated with TNF alpha levels or posttransplantation complications. In multivariate analysis of chronic GVHD, patient age > 17 years and CMV disease were the only statistically significant risk factors. Relapse was associated with low levels of TNF alpha during conditioning (mean 318 pg/ml, P = 0.02). In multivariate analysis, high risk disease was the only factor that correlated with relapse. Low risk patients had significantly higher levels than high risk patients (551 vs 377, P= 0.04). CML and MDS patients had higher TNF alpha levels than acute leukemia patients. There was no difference in TNF alpha levels between patients conditioned with BU/CY and CY/TBI. We conclude that determination of TNF alpha levels during conditioning may be useful in the prediction of acute GVHD.

  15. Catheter–Based Transendocardial Delivery of Autologous Bone-Marrow-Derived Mononuclear Cells in Patients Listed for Heart Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Silva, Guilherme V.; Perin, Emerson C.; Dohmann, Hans F.R.; Borojevic, Radovan; Silva, Suzana A.; Sousa, Andre L.S.; Assad, Joao A.R.; Vaughn, William K.; Mesquita, Claudio T.; Belém, Luciano; Carvalho, Antonio C.; Dohmann, Hans J.F.; do Amaral, Ellen Barroso; Coutinho, Joaquim; Branco, Rodrigo; Oliveira, Edie; Willerson, James T.

    2004-01-01

    Growing evidence suggests that transplantation of autologous bone-marrow mononuclear cells (ABMMNCs) can improve the perfusion and contractile function of ischemic myocardium. This procedure could potentially benefit transplant candidates awaiting a donor heart. To study the safety and feasibility of ABMMNC injection, we performed a prospective, nonrandomized, open-label study in 5 heart transplant candidates with severe ischemic heart failure. Each patient underwent baseline single-photon emission computed tomography, a ramp treadmill protocol, 2-dimensional echocardiography, 24-hour Holter monitoring, and signal-averaged electrocardiography, which were repeated at 2 and 6 months. Transendocardial delivery of ABMMNCs was done with the aid of electromechanical mapping to identify viable myocardium. Each patient received 15 ABMMNC injections of 0.2 cc each. There were no deaths, significant arrhythmias, or other major complications. The ABMMNC injection reduced the amount of ischemic myocardium (not statistically significant). More important, exercise test results improved significantly. Myocardial volume oxygen consumption increased from 10.6 ± 3 mL/kg/min (baseline) to 16.3 ± 7 mL/kg/min (2 months) and 23 ± 7 mL/kg/min (6 months) (P = 0.0091). In 4 of the 5 cases, this was such an improvement that the patients were no longer eligible for cardiac transplantation. In addition, metabolic equivalents improved from 3.03 ± 0.66 (baseline) to 4.65 ± 1.99 (2 months) and 6.5 ± 2.0 (6 months) (P = 0.0092). In conclusion, ABMMNC injections were performed safely and resulted in improved exercise capacity. This technique may hold promise as an alternative to medical management in patients with severe ischemic heart failure who are ineligible for conventional revascularization. PMID:15562839

  16. Effects on oral and intestinal microfloras of norfloxacin and pefloxacin for selective decontamination in bone marrow transplant patients.

    PubMed Central

    Giuliano, M; Pantosti, A; Gentile, G; Venditti, M; Arcese, W; Martino, P

    1989-01-01

    We monitored the modifications of oral and intestinal microfloras of 10 allogeneic bone marrow recipients who received randomly either norfloxacin or pefloxacin (400 mg three times a day) as selective decontamination for infection prevention. After 1 week of treatment, in all patients members of the family Enterobacteriaceae were no longer detectable and in all but one pefloxacin-treated patient enterococci were also eliminated in the intestine. The anaerobic flora was not affected, with the exception of Bacteroides spp., markedly reduced after treatment with pefloxacin. In most patients the most striking effect was the increase in staphylococcal counts. These strains were found to be resistant to both quinolones in the study. Less consistent changes were observed in oral flora. No relevant difference could be demonstrated between the two regimens on bacterial counts either in feces or in saliva. This study shows the efficacy of both quinolones in eradicating gram-negative bacilli in the alimentary tract of bone marrow transplant patients; however, the finding of the overgrowth of resistant gram-positive organisms during treatment with these agents deserves further evaluation. PMID:2686547

  17. Intestinal amoebiasis in a patient with acute graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation successfully treated by metronidazole.

    PubMed

    Numata, A; Itabashi, M; Kishimoto, K; Motohashi, K; Hagihara, M; Kuwabara, H; Tanaka, M; Kato, H; Chiba, S; Kunisaki, R; Fujisawa, S

    2015-12-01

    Amoebiasis has rarely been reported in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, although it is a world-wide infection and extremely common. We present a case of intestinal amoebiasis unexpectedly revealed by colonoscopy after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation from a human leukocyte antigen-mismatched unrelated donor for acute myeloid leukemia arising from chronic myelomonocytic leukemia and successfully treated by metronidazole. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  18. Multicolor flow cytometry analysis of blood cell subsets in patients given total body irradiation before bone marrow transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Clave, E.; Socie, G.; Carosella, E.

    1995-11-01

    Bone marrow transplantation has often been closely linked with accidental or intentional therapeutical irradiation. In both situations, study of the radiosensitivity of human blood cell subsets is of interest. Using one-color flow cytometry analysis of B lymphocytes, T cell subsets, and natural killer cells, we previously reported that lymphocyte subsets exhibit equal radiosensitivity. Taking advantage of recent developments in the knowledge of leukocyte differentiation antigens and flow cytometry technology we undertook a study of blood cell subsets to search for rare populations exhibiting different radiosensitivity. Thirty patients, who were delivered a 12 Gy fractionated total body irradiation as part of their conditioning regimen before transplantation for malignant disorders, were studied using multicolor flow cytometry. T and B lymphocytes showed a sharp, radiation-induced decrease, with the B lymphocytes (cluster of differentiation (CD) 19+) being the most sensitive. When analyzed by multicolor flow cytometry all major lymphocyte subsets appeared equally sensitive to the in vivo irradiation. Therefore, all major lymphocyte subsets sharing the helper phenotype (naive or memory) and the cytotoxic phenotype appeared equally sensitive to in vivo whole body irradiation. In parallel, the CD34+ cell subset remained basically unchanged after whole body irradiation. Finally, the CD3{minus}, 56+, 16+ natural killer cell subset was relatively radioresistant (91 and 74% of its initial value, after 2 and 4 Gy, respectively) as compared to other lymphocyte subsets. Our study provides evidence that T and B cell subsets seem to be highly radiosensitive in vivo. The CD34+ progenitor/stem cells and NK cells seem to be more radioresistant. This latter result might provide clues to the understanding of the pathophysiogeny of radiation-induced aplasia and of the engrafment/rejection process following bone marrow transplantation. 20 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  19. Optimal Outcomes in Young Class 3 Patients With Thalassemia Undergoing HLA-Identical Sibling Bone Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Gaziev, Javid; Isgrò, Antonella; Sodani, Pietro; Marziali, Marco; Paciaroni, Katia; Gallucci, Cristiano; De Angelis, Gioia; Andreani, Marco; Testi, Manuela; Alfieri, Cecilia; Ribersani, Michela; Galluccio, Tiziana; Battarra, Maria Rosa; Morrone, Aldo; Lucarelli, Guido

    2016-04-01

    Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for class 3 patients with thalassemia is challenging due to high rates of graft rejection and transplant-related mortality. Since the first studies of BMT in the late 1980s, a number of conditioning regimens have been designed to improve outcomes, but with suboptimal results. Here we report the outcome of transplantation in class 3 patients using a modified protocol. Sixty-three patients between 5 and 16.7 years of age with class 3 thalassemia received HLA-matched sibling BMT following either the original protocol (26 patients) or the modified protocol (37 patients). Both regimens comprised preconditioning cytoreduction with hydroxyurea and azathioprine starting at -45 days pretransplant, and fludarabine from days -16 to -12. Conditioning was performed with busulfan and cyclophosphamide (original protocol) or with busulfan, thiotepa, and cyclophosphamide (modified protocol). The 2 groups showed similar patient demographics. At day 0, the degree of cytoreduction (lymphopenia, neuthropenia, and thrombocytopenia) achieved by the modified protocol was greater than the original protocol. The incidence of graft failure/rejection was significantly higher in the original group (15%; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 5-32%) compared with the modified group (0%) (P = 0.014). The respective 5-year thalassemia-free survival rates were 73% (95% CI, 51-86%) and 92% (95% CI, 77-97%) (P = 0.047). Both groups showed similar incidences of grades II to IV acute graft-versus host disease. Modified protocol did not increase nonhematological toxicity or infectious complications. The modified treatment protocol effectively and safely prevented graft failure/rejection and significantly increased thalassemia-free survival of class 3 patients with thalassemia.

  20. Haploidentical, G-CSF-primed, unmanipulated bone marrow transplantation for patients with high-risk hematological malignancies: an update.

    PubMed

    Arcese, W; Picardi, A; Santarone, S; De Angelis, G; Cerretti, R; Cudillo, L; Pennese, E; Bavaro, P; Olioso, P; Dentamaro, T; Cupelli, L; Chierichini, A; Ferrari, A; Mengarelli, A; Tirindelli, M C; Testi, M; Di Piazza, F; Di Bartolomeo, P

    2015-06-01

    Ninety-seven patients affected by high-risk hematological malignancies underwent G-CSF primed, unmanipulated bone marrow (BM) transplantation from a related, haploidentical donor. All patients were prepared with an identical conditioning regimen including Thiotepa, Busilvex, Fludarabine (TBF) and antithymocyte globulin given at myeloablative (MAC = 68) or reduced (reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) = 29) dose intensity and received the same GvHD prophylaxis consisting of the combination of methotrexate, cyclosporine, mycofenolate-mofetil and basiliximab. Patients were transplanted in 1st or 2nd CR (early phase: n = 60) or in > 2nd CR or active disease (advanced phase: n = 37). With a median time of 21 days (range 12-38 days), the cumulative incidence (CI) of neutrophil engraftment was 94 ± 3%. The 100-day CI of III-IV grade acute GvHD and the 2-year CI of extensive chronic GvHD were 9 ± 3% and 12 ± 4%, respectively. Overall, at a median follow-up of 2.2 years (range 0.3-5.6), 44 out of 97 (45%) patients are alive in CR. The 5-year probability of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) for patients in early and advanced phase was 53 ± 7 vs 24 ± 8% (P = 0.006) and 48 ± 7 vs 22 ± 8% (P = 0.01), respectively. By comparing MAC with RIC patient groups, the transplant-related mortality was equivalent (36 ± 6 vs 28 ± 9%) while the relapse risk was lower for the MAC patients (22 ± 6 vs 45 ± 11%), who showed higher OS (48 ± 7 vs 29 ± 10%) and DFS (43 ± 7 vs 26 ± 10%). However, all these differences did not reach a statistical significance. In multivariate analysis, diagnosis and recipient age were significant factors for OS and DFS. In conclusion, this analysis confirms, on a longer follow-up and higher number of patients, our previous encouraging results obtained by using MAC and RIC TBF regimen as conditioning for G-CSF primed, unmanipulated BM transplantation from related, haploidentical donor in patients with high-risk hematological

  1. Fetal RHD genotyping after bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Thurik, Florentine F; Page-Christiaens, Godelieve C M L; Ait Soussan, Aicha; Ligthart, Peter C; Cheroutre, Goedele M A F; Bossers, Bernadette; Veldhuisen, Barbera; van der Schoot, C Ellen; de Haas, Masja

    2016-08-01

    Fetal RHD genotyping allows targeted diagnostic testing, fetal surveillance, and eventually intrauterine treatment to D-alloimmunized pregnant women who carry an RHD+ fetus. However, false-positive and false-negative results of noninvasive prenatal fetal RHD genotyping have been described due to a variety of causes. In this case report we present two cases where noninvasive fetal RHD typing was complicated by a previous bone marrow transplantation (BMT). We describe two women with a history of allogeneic BMT in early childhood. Both were born D+ and received a transplant of their D- male sibling. Anti-D were detected during pregnancy in one of them. The biologic father of this pregnancy was D+. In both cases polymerase chain reaction procedures specific for RHD on maternal plasma DNA were positive whereas a D- neonate was born in one case (Case 1). False-positive results of noninvasive fetal RHD genotyping occur in D+ women transplanted with marrow of a D- donor, due to circulating cell-free DNA originating from nonhematopoietic tissue. The cases highlight that health care professionals and laboratories should be aware that allogeneic BMT can be a cause for false-positive results in fetal RHD genotyping with cell-free DNA in maternal plasma, and likewise the wrong fetal sex can be reported in the case of a male donor and a female fetus. Based on one of the cases we also recommend giving D- blood products to young female patients who receive a BMT of D- donors. © 2016 AABB.

  2. Neuromyelitis optica in an adolescent after bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Baumer, Fiona M; Kamihara, Junne; Gorman, Mark P

    2015-01-01

    Central nervous system complications of bone marrow transplant are a common occurrence and the differential diagnosis is quite broad, including opportunistic infections, medications toxicities, graft versus host disease, and other autoimmune processes. We summarize previously reported cases of autoimmune myelitis in post-transplant patients and discuss a 17-year-old boy who presented with seronegative neuromyelitis optica after a bone marrow transplant for acute myeloid leukemia. Our patient had a marked improvement in symptoms after plasmapheresis. Including our patient, there have been at least eight cases of post-transplant autoimmune myelitis presented in the literature, and at least three of these are suspicious for neuromyelitis optica. Several of these patients had poor outcomes with persistent symptoms after the myelitis. Autoimmune processes such as neuromyelitis optica should be carefully considered in patients after transplant as aggressive treatment like early plasmapheresis may improve outcomes. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Total lymphatic irradiation and bone marrow in human heart transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Kahn, D.R.; Hong, R.; Greenberg, A.J.; Gilbert, E.F.; Dacumos, G.C.; Dufek, J.H.

    1984-08-01

    Six patients, aged 36 to 59 years, had heart transplants for terminal myocardial disease using total lymphatic irradiation (TLI) and donor bone marrow in addition to conventional therapy. All patients were poor candidates for transplantation because of marked pulmonary hypertension, unacceptable tissue matching, or age. Two patients are living and well more than four years after the transplants. Two patients died of infection at six and seven weeks with normal hearts. One patient, whose preoperative pulmonary hypertension was too great for an orthotopic heart transplant, died at 10 days after such a procedure. The other patient died of chronic rejection seven months postoperatively. Donor-specific tolerance developed in 2 patients. TLI and donor bone marrow can produce specific tolerance to donor antigens and allow easy control of rejection, but infection is still a major problem. We describe a new technique of administering TLI with early reduction of prednisone that may help this problem.

  4. Dose Escalation of Total Marrow Irradiation With Concurrent Chemotherapy in Patients With Advanced Acute Leukemia Undergoing Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Wong, Jeffrey Y.C.; Forman, Stephen; Somlo, George; Liu An; Schultheiss, Timothy; Radany, Eric; Palmer, Joycelynne; Stein, Anthony

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: We have demonstrated that toxicities are acceptable with total marrow irradiation (TMI) at 16 Gy without chemotherapy or TMI at 12 Gy and the reduced intensity regimen of fludarabine/melphalan in patients undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). This article reports results of a study of TMI combined with higher intensity chemotherapy regimens in 2 phase I trials in patients with advanced acute myelogenous leukemia or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (AML/ALL) who would do poorly on standard intent-to-cure HCT regimens. Methods and Materials: Trial 1 consisted of TMI on Days -10 to -6, etoposide (VP16) on Day -5 (60 mg/kg), and cyclophosphamide (CY) on Day -3 (100 mg/kg). TMI dose was 12 (n=3 patients), 13.5 (n=3 patients), and 15 (n=6 patients) Gy at 1.5 Gy twice daily. Trial 2 consisted of busulfan (BU) on Days -12 to -8 (800 {mu}M min), TMI on Days -8 to -4, and VP16 on Day -3 (30 mg/kg). TMI dose was 12 (n=18) and 13.5 (n=2) Gy at 1.5 Gy twice daily. Results: Trial 1 had 12 patients with a median age of 33 years. Six patients had induction failures (IF), and 6 had first relapses (1RL), 9 with leukemia blast involvement of bone marrow ranging from 10%-98%, 5 with circulating blasts (24%-85%), and 2 with chloromas. No dose-limiting toxicities were observed. Eleven patients achieved complete remission at Day 30. With a median follow-up of 14.75 months, 5 patients remained in complete remission from 13.5-37.7 months. Trial 2 had 20 patients with a median age of 41 years. Thirteen patients had IF, and 5 had 1RL, 2 in second relapse, 19 with marrow blasts (3%-100%) and 13 with peripheral blasts (6%-63%). Grade 4 dose-limiting toxicities were seen at 13.5 Gy (stomatitis and hepatotoxicity). Stomatitis was the most frequent toxicity in both trials. Conclusions: TMI dose escalation to 15 Gy is possible when combined with CY/VP16 and is associated with acceptable toxicities and encouraging outcomes. TMI dose escalation is not possible with BU/VP16 due to

  5. Matched unrelated donor stem cell transplant in 131 patients with follicular lymphoma: an analysis from the Lymphoma Working Party of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Avivi, Irit; Montoto, Silvia; Canals, Carme; Maertens, John; Al-Ali, Haifa; Mufti, Ghulam J; Finke, Jürgen; Schattenberg, Anton; Fanin, Renato; Cornelissen, Jan J; Vernant, Jean-Paul; Russell, Nigell; Beguin, Yves; Thomson, Kirsty; Verdonck, Leo F; Kobbe, Guido; Tilly, Herve; Socié, Gerard; Sureda, Anna

    2009-12-01

    Matched unrelated donor stem cell transplantation (MUD-SCT) provides the only curative option for patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) who fail conventional therapies and do not have a sibling donor. The purpose of this study was to analyse the outcome of patients with FL treated with MUD-SCT included in the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation registry. 131 patients treated with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC, n = 87) or conventional myeloablative (CONV, n = 44) MUD-SCT between 2000 and 2005 were included. Median time from diagnosis to MUD-SCT was 47 months and the median number of previous therapeutic regimens was 4 (previous autograft: 47%). RIC recipients were significantly older, with a longer interval from diagnosis to MUD-SCT and had failed a previous autograft more frequently than CONV recipients. Non-relapse mortality (NRM) was 24% and 30% at 100-d and 1-year, respectively. After a median follow-up of 36 months, 17% of the patients developed disease progression, the 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) being 47%. Three-year overall survival (OS) for the whole series was 51%. On multivariate analysis, RIC regimens were associated with at lower NRM and a significantly longer PFS and OS. This retrospective study demonstrated that MUD-SCT results, even in heavily pre-treated populations, in a meaningful PFS and OS.

  6. [Increased efficacy of allogenic bone marrow transplantation].

    PubMed

    Fedotenkov, A G; Danilova, L A; Ignasheva, L P

    1982-08-01

    Experiments made in vivo and vitro have demonstrated that conservation of allogeneic hemopoietic tissue with glycerin brings about a decrease in transplatation, homologous activity of T lymphocytes. Allogeneic bone marrow conserved with glycerin compares very favourably with freshly prepared allogeneic bone marrow since the transplant-versus-host reaction is attenuated under the effect of glycerin. Moreover, it shows a higher proliferative activity. The glycerin-induced reduction of the inactivating effect of lymphocytes against non-syngeneic colony-forming units enables the conserved bone marrow to be transplanted from several donors.

  7. High-dose chemotherapy and autologous bone marrow transplantation for patients with poor prognosis nonseminomatous germ cell tumours.

    PubMed Central

    Barnett, M. J.; Coppin, C. M.; Murray, N.; Nevill, T. J.; Reece, D. E.; Klingemann, H. G.; Shepherd, J. D.; Nantel, S. H.; Sutherland, H. J.; Phillips, G. L.

    1993-01-01

    Twenty-one patients with poor prognosis nonseminomatous germ cell tumours (six with extreme burden disease at presentation in whom partial remission had been achieved with initial induction therapy, and 15 with recurrent disease after induction therapy) were treated with high-dose chemotherapy and autologous bone marrow transplantation (BMT). The first six received etoposide 3.0 g m-2, ifosfamide 6.0 g m-2 and carboplatin 1.2 g m-2 (Regimen 1), and the subsequent 15 received etoposide 2.4 g m2 (continuous infusion), cyclophosphamide 7.2 g m-2 and carboplatin 0.8 g m-2 (Regimen 2) followed by infusion of previously stored autologous marrow. Regimen 1 was associated with considerable renal toxicity and mucositis, whereas Regimen 2 was relatively well tolerated. Two patients died as a consequence of the treatment: one of candidemia and one of interstitial pulmonary fibrosis. Only one of 17 patients who were autografted in or approaching marker remission subsequently developed disease progression (event-free survival 82%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 55% to 94%), whereas all four patients who had progressive disease at autografting subsequently developed further disease progression and died. Fourteen patients remain well and free of disease 0.5 to 6.5 years (median 3.3) post-BMT (event-free survival 67%, 95% CI 43% to 83%). A strategy of prompt reinduction followed by high-dose chemotherapy and autologous BMT at the first sign of failure of standard therapy may allow cure to be a realistic expectation. PMID:8394733

  8. Safety and feasibility of transendocardial autologous bone marrow cell transplantation in patients with advanced heart disease.

    PubMed

    Fuchs, Shmuel; Kornowski, Ran; Weisz, Giora; Satler, Lowell F; Smits, Peter C; Okubagzi, Petros; Baffour, Richard; Aggarwal, Anita; Weissman, Neil J; Cerqueira, Manuel; Waksman, Ron; Serrruys, Parrick; Battler, Alexander; Moses, Jeffrey W; Leon, Martin B; Epstein, Stephen E

    2006-03-15

    The present report contains the final results of a Phase I study that evaluated the feasibility, safety, and potential efficacy of intramyocardial injection of autologous bone marrow (BM) in "no-option" patients with refractory angina and myocardial ischemia. Twenty-seven patients underwent electromechanic mapping-guided transendomyocardial injections (n = 12, 0.2 ml each) of unfractionated autologous BM cells directed to ischemic, noninfarcted myocardial territory. Patients were injected with 28 +/- 27 x 10(6)/ml nucleated cells containing 2.2 +/- 1.4% CD34+ cells. The autologous BM injection procedure was successful in all patients and was associated with no adverse events. At 3 months, the Canadian Cardiovascular Society angina score (3.2 +/- 0.5 vs 2.0 +/- 0.91, p = 0.001) and treadmill exercise duration (418 +/- 136 vs 489 +/- 142 seconds, p = 0.017) had improved significantly. The stress-induced ischemia score within the injected territories (118 segments) had also improved (2.2 +/- 0.8 vs 1.7 +/- 1.1, p < 0.001). At 1 year, the clinical improvement was sustained, although 5 patients had undergone revascularization procedures. The number of total injected nucleated cells (CD45+), progenitor cells (CD34+), and the magnitude of secreted vascular endothelial growth factor and macrophage chemoattractant protein-1 by cultured BM cells failed to predict the clinical response. In conclusion, the 3- and 12-month study results have indicated the safety of catheter-based transendocardial delivery of autologous BM cells in patients with advanced symptomatic ischemic heart disease and may suggest sustained potential efficacy. The cellular and humeral characteristics of autologous BM cells did not predict the clinical response, underscoring the advisability of additional mechanistic exploration.

  9. The effect of using music therapy with relaxation imagery in the management of patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation: a pilot feasibility study.

    PubMed

    Sahler, Olle Jane Z; Hunter, Bryan C; Liesveld, Jane L

    2003-01-01

    Bone marrow/stem cell transplantation is becoming an increasingly common treatment for a variety of hematologic disorders. The treatment process is not benign. Both physiologic and psychological regimen-related side effects are common, painful, and even life threatening. Music therapy is the prescribed use of music to aid in the prevention or amelioration of physical, psychological, or cognitive problems. Relaxation imagery, as used in this study, consisted of simple visualization and direct imagery-based suggestions. The mechanism of action of the intervention is hypothesized to be reduction of the stress response through neuroendocrine pathways. To determine the feasibility of providing a combined music therapy and relaxation imagery intervention to patients on a bone marrow transplant (BMT) unit and to examine the effects on the frequency and intensity of pain and nausea, the two most common side effects associated with transplantation. Case controlled study. University hospital-based bone marrow transplant unit serving patients of all ages. Transplant recipients aged 4 years or older. 45-minute music-assisted relaxation and relaxation imagery sessions provided twice a week by a trained music therapist from date of enrollment into the study to discharge. Pre/post music/relaxation imagery intervention measures of pain and nausea using a visual analog scale; determination of time-to-engraftment.

  10. The experiences of protective isolation in patients undergoing bone marrow or haematopoietic stem cell transplantation: systematic review and metasynthesis.

    PubMed

    Biagioli, V; Piredda, M; Alvaro, R; de Marinis, M G

    2017-09-01

    Protective isolation is aimed at preventing infection in neutropenic patients, but it is implemented inconsistently across centres and is supported by recommendations with poor evidence. This review and metasynthesis explored the experiences and the psychological implications of protective isolation in patients with haematological malignancies undergoing bone marrow (BMT) or haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). A systematic search of multiple databases for qualitative studies exploring BMT or HSCT patients' experiences of protective isolation was completed. The metasynthesis followed the meta-aggregative method from the Joanna Briggs Institute, with four procedural steps: (1) comprehensive search, (2) quality appraisal, (3) extraction of relevant findings and (4) synthesis of the identified findings. Twenty-six findings were extracted from 11 articles included in the review. The synthesising process yielded seven categories, aggregated into three synthesised findings: (1) isolation is a source of suffering, (2) isolation can lead to relating with oneself and (3) the person does not close the door to the outside world. This metasynthesis sheds light on patients' suffering from being isolated, and the possibility of overcoming this suffering thanks to relationships that patients have with themselves and with the external world. Healthcare providers should reconsider this practise in order to avoid unnecessary patient suffering. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. NASA light-emitting diodes for the prevention of oral mucositis in pediatric bone marrow transplant patients.

    PubMed

    Whelan, Harry T; Connelly, James F; Hodgson, Brian D; Barbeau, Lori; Post, A Charles; Bullard, George; Buchmann, Ellen V; Kane, Mary; Whelan, Noel T; Warwick, Ann; Margolis, David

    2002-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of prophylactic near-infrared light therapy from light-emitting diodes (LEDs) in pediatric bone marrow transplant (BMT) recipients. Oral mucositis (OM) is a frequent side effect of chemotherapy that leads to increased morbidity. Near-infrared light has been shown to produce biostimulatory effects in tissues, and previous results using near-infrared lasers have shown improvement in OM indices. However, LEDs may hold greater potential for clinical applications. We recruited 32 consecutive pediatric patients undergoing myeloablative therapy in preparation for BMT. Patients were examined by two of three pediatric dentists trained in assessing the Schubert oral mucositis index (OMI) for left and right buccal and lateral tongue mucosal surfaces, while the patients were asked to rate their current left and right mouth pain, left and right xerostomia, and throat pain. LED therapy consisted of daily treatment at a fluence of 4 J/cm(2) using a 670-nm LED array held to the left extraoral epithelium starting on the day of transplant, with a concurrent sham treatment on the right. Patients were assessed before BMT and every 2-3 days through posttransplant day 14. Outcomes included the percentage of patients with ulcerative oral mucositis (UOM) compared to historical epidemiological controls, the comparison of left and right buccal pain to throat pain, and the comparison between sides of the buccal and lateral tongue OMI and buccal pain. The incidence of UOM was 53%, compared to an expected rate of 70-90%. There was also a 48% and 39% reduction of treated left and right buccal pain, respectively, compared to untreated throat pain at about posttransplant day 7 (p < 0.05). There were no significant differences between sides in OMI or pain. Although more studies are needed, LED therapy appears useful in the prevention of OM in pediatric BMT patients.

  12. HLA-haploidentical donor lymphocyte infusions for patients with relapsed hematologic malignancies after related HLA-haploidentical bone marrow transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Zeidan, Amer M; Forde, Patrick M; Symons, Heather; Chen, Allen; Smith, B Douglas; Pratz, Keith; Carraway, Hetty; Gladstone, Douglas E; Fuchs, Ephraim J; Luznik, Leo; Jones, Richard J; Bolaños-Meade, Javier

    2014-01-01

    Background Treatment of relapse after related HLA-haploidentical T-cell replete bone marrow transplantation (haploBMT) with post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy) using haploidentical donor lymphocyte infusion (haploDLI) is not documented. Methods All patients who received haploDLI after haploBMT with PTCy between 6/2003 and 10/2012 were identified and assessed for graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) and outcomes. Results 40 patients received 52 haploDLI doses. Sixteen patients had acute myeloid leukemia, 11 had lymphomas, and 34 had nonmyeloablative conditioning prior to haploBMT. The median time from haploBMT to relapse was 183 (range, 0–1,399) days. The median age at haploDLI was 48 (range, 3–70) years. The first haploDLI doses were 1×105 CD3+ cells/kg with subsequent escalation. The most commonly used first haploDLI dose was 1×106 CD3+ cells/kg. The median follow-up after haploDLI was 7 (mean, 15.4, range, 0.5–96) months for the entire cohort, and 17.5 (mean, 28 range, 2.4–96) months for the responders. Acute GvHD developed in 10 patients (25%), 6 patients had grade 3–4, and 3 developed chronic GvHD. Twelve (30%) patients achieved a complete response (CR) with a median duration of 11.8 (mean, 22.5, range, 0.4–94) months. At last follow-up, 8 responders were alive in CR; 6 for over a year. Conclusions HaploDLI for relapse after haploBMT is associated with acceptable toxicities and can result in durable responses. PMID:24296490

  13. HLA-haploidentical donor lymphocyte infusions for patients with relapsed hematologic malignancies after related HLA-haploidentical bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Zeidan, Amer M; Forde, Patrick M; Symons, Heather; Chen, Allen; Smith, B Douglas; Pratz, Keith; Carraway, Hetty; Gladstone, Douglas E; Fuchs, Ephraim J; Luznik, Leo; Jones, Richard J; Bolaños-Meade, Javier

    2014-03-01

    Treatment of relapse after related HLA-haploidentical T cell-replete bone marrow transplantation (haploBMT) with post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy) using haploidentical donor lymphocyte infusion (haploDLI) is not documented. All patients who received haploDLI after haploBMT with PTCy between June 2003 and October 2012 were identified and assessed for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and outcomes. Forty patients received 52 haploDLI doses. Sixteen patients had acute myeloid leukemia, 11 had lymphomas, and 34 had nonmyeloablative conditioning before haploBMT. The median time from haploBMT to relapse was 183 (range, 0 to 1399) days. The median age at haploDLI was 48 (range, 3 to 70) years. The first haploDLI doses were 1 × 10(5) CD3(+) cells/kg with subsequent escalation. The most commonly used first haploDLI dose was 1 × 10(6) CD3(+) cells/kg. The median follow-up after haploDLI was 7 (mean, 15.4; range, .5 to 96) months for the entire cohort, and 17.5 (mean, 28; range, 2.4 to 96) months for the responders. Acute GVHD developed in 10 patients (25%), 6 patients had grade 3 to 4, and 3 developed chronic GVHD. Twelve (30%) patients achieved a complete response (CR) with a median duration of 11.8 (mean, 22.5; range, .4 to 94) months. At last follow-up, 8 responders were alive in CR; 6 for over a year. HaploDLI for relapse after haploBMT is associated with acceptable toxicities and can result in durable responses.

  14. Intravenous Autologous Bone Marrow Mononuclear Cell Transplantation for Stroke: Phase1/2a Clinical Trial in a Homogeneous Group of Stroke Patients

    PubMed Central

    Sakai, Chiaki; Soma, Toshihiro; Kasahara, Yukiko; Stern, David M.; Kajimoto, Katsufumi; Ihara, Masafumi; Daimon, Takashi; Yamahara, Kenichi; Doi, Kaori; Kohara, Nobuo; Nishimura, Hiroyuki; Matsuyama, Tomohiro; Naritomi, Hiroaki; Sakai, Nobuyuki; Nagatsuka, Kazuyuki

    2015-01-01

    The goal of this clinical trial was to assess the feasibility and safety of transplanting autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells into patients suffering severe embolic stroke. Major inclusion criteria included patients with cerebral embolism, age 20–75 years, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score displaying improvement of ≤5 points during the first 7 days after stroke, and NIHSS score of ≥10 on day 7 after stroke. Bone marrow aspiration (25 or 50 mL; N = 6 patients in each case) was performed 7–10 days poststroke, and bone marrow mononuclear cells were administrated intravenously. Mean total transplanted cell numbers were 2.5 × 108 and 3.4 × 108 cells in the lower and higher dose groups, respectively. No apparent adverse effects of administering bone marrow cells were observed. Compared with the lower dose, patients receiving the higher dose of bone marrow cells displayed a trend toward improved neurologic outcomes. Compared with 1 month after treatment, patients receiving cell therapy displayed a trend toward improved cerebral blood flow and metabolic rate of oxygen consumption 6 months after treatment. In comparison with historical controls, patients receiving cell therapy had significantly better neurologic outcomes. Our results indicated that intravenous transplantation of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells is safe and feasible. Positive results and trends favoring neurologic recovery and improvement in cerebral blood flow and metabolism by cell therapy underscore the relevance of larger scale randomized controlled trials using this approach. PMID:26176265

  15. Surgical resection of persistent pulmonary fungus nodules and secondary prophylaxis are effective in preventing fungal relapse in patients receiving chemotherapy or bone marrow transplantation for leukemia.

    PubMed

    Nosari, A; Ravini, M; Cairoli, R; Cozzi, P; Marbello, L; Marenco, P; Grillo, G; Morra, E

    2007-05-01

    Antifungal therapy may be unable to eradicate invasive mycosis in leukemia patients. The presence of persisting pulmonary nodules owing to mycosis seems to increase the risk of fungal relapse after chemotherapy and transplant procedures. Between 1997 and 2004, 10 acute leukemia patients underwent pulmonary surgery for invasive mycosis. The median time from diagnosis of mycosis to surgery was 135 days (range 21-147). Three patients underwent emergency surgery, owing to hemoptysis. In the other seven patients with nodule/cavitation remaining after antifungal treatment, surgery (three wedge resections, four lobectomies) was scheduled before transplant. Pathologic examination confirmed two aspergillosis and three zygomycosis. The only side effect was pneumothorax in one case. Nine patients were considered cured. Six patients underwent bone marrow transplantation (three allogeneic, three autologous) with antifungal prophylaxis without relapse during the transplant procedure. In selected patients scheduled for bone marrow transplantation, surgical resection of localized pulmonary fungus nodules combined with antifungal prophylaxis seem to be an effective treatment for preventing mycotic relapse.

  16. Nocardiosis after bone marrow transplantation: a retrospective study.

    PubMed

    van Burik, J A; Hackman, R C; Nadeem, S Q; Hiemenz, J W; White, M H; Flowers, M E; Bowden, R A

    1997-06-01

    To evaluate the spectrum of nocardiosis after marrow transplantation, we reviewed the medical records of 27 patients with nocardiosis who were treated at three centers, and we reviewed the findings of three cases reported in the literature. Nocardial involvement was defined as invasive nocardiosis (n = 25), colonization (n = 4), or contamination (n = 1). The median time to the diagnosis of nocardiosis after marrow transplantation was 210 days. Nocardia asteroides complex accounted for 96% of isolates. All 25 invasive infections occurred in allogeneic marrow recipients. Ten (40%) of 25 patients with invasive nocardiosis were receiving double-strength oral trimethoprimsulfamethoxazole twice weekly as prophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Treatment regimens for nocardiosis included sulfonamides; synergistic agents were also often added. The overall survival rate at 6 years was 34%; survival from the infection itself was 84%. Two of four nocardiosis-related deaths also involved other pathogens. The incidence of nocardiosis among allogeneic marrow recipients averaged 0.3% over 25 years. We conclude that nocardiosis is a rare infection that occurs later after marrow transplantation than other infections and that is marginally associated with increased mortality among long-term survivors of allogeneic marrow transplantation.

  17. Kinetics and biodistribution of In-111 platelets in patients with bone marrow transplants, refractory to platelet transfusions

    SciTech Connect

    Civelek, C.; Braine, H.; Scheffel, U.; Drew, H.; Koester, A.; LaFrance, N.; Kasecamp, W.; Wagner, H. Jr.

    1984-01-01

    The kinetics and biodistribution of HLA identical In-111 labeled platelets was studied in 10 leukemic patients with bone marrow transplants refractory to HLA matched platelet transfusions. Platelet survival time was short (x-bar +- SEM =1.64 +- 0.83 days). The mean recovery (extrapolated to zero time) was 29.9%, ranging from 14.2 to 63.0%. The deposition of the In-111 platelets in the liver and spleen was quantified by the geometric mean method using anterior and posterior imaging. In 3 patients liver uptake was significantly increased. The highest hepatic accumulation of In-111 occurred 2 hrs after injection (x-bar=76 +- 6% dose (SEM); at 48 hrs 62% of the dose remained in the liver. In 7 patients the spleen was the organ with the highest labeled platelet deposition. The splenic uptake of In-111 platelets in this group correlated with the spleen size (r=+0.95). At 30 min after injection 75+-6% of the dose was found in the spleen. Splenic activity decreased to 62% after 48 hrs. At the same time, In-111 liver accumulation increased from 14 to 31%. This finding suggests that In-111 may be released from the spleen and subsequently sequestered by the liver. Two patients with high splenic uptake underwent splenectomy after the In-111 platelet study. Both benefited from splenectomy in terms of platelet survival after transfusion.

  18. Patterns of Hand Grip Strength and Detection of Strength Loss in Patients Undergoing Bone Marrow Transplantation: A Feasibility Study.

    PubMed

    Sayre, Cindy A; Belza, Basia; Shannon Dorcy, Kathleen; Phelan, Elizabeth; Whitney, JoAnne D

    2017-09-01

    To determine the feasibility of measuring hand grip strength (HGS) daily in a population of recipients of bone marrow transplantation (BMT), to describe changes in strength measured by HGS, and to describe relationships between laboratory values (hematocrit, hemoglobin, and absolute neutrophil count) and HGS.
. Prospective, longitudinal, repeated measures, within subject.
. Inpatient units at the University of Washington Medical Center in Seattle.
. 33 patients admitted in preparation for BMT or for complications from BMT.
. HGS measured on admission and daily.
. HGS, absolute neutrophil count, hemoglobin, and hematocrit.
. Participants found HGS testing to be relatively easy. Average time to complete testing was 7.2 minutes (SD = 1.95). Nineteen experienced 20% or greater decline in HGS during hospitalization, with nine experiencing decline during the conditioning phase. Age, gender, and hemoglobin correlated with HGS. Strength loss was more likely in those undergoing allogeneic compared to autologous BMT.
. A majority of patients experienced strength decline during BMT, with a subgroup declining during conditioning. A positive relationship existed between HGS and hemoglobin and hematocrit in participants admitted for conditioning for BMT.
. Weakness increases risk for falls. Patients may experience as much as 50% strength loss during the course of hospitalization for BMT. Strength loss occurs in the conditioning phase for some patients.

  19. Non-myeloablative bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Ruiz-Argüelles, Guillermo J

    2003-01-01

    As a result of the evolution of knowledge in the area of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) transplantation, several dogmata have been broken. We now have the following information: a) successful engraftment if allogeneic HSC bone marrow ablation of the recipient is not required; b) HSC create their own space through graft-vs.-host reactions; c) several malignancies are eradicated by the graft-vs.-tumor effect; d) allografting can be conducted on an out-patient basis; e) allografting can be done in aged or debilitated individuals; f) allografting can be achieved without transfusion of blood products, and g) costs of the allografting procedures can be substantially diminished. Breaking all these dogmata has resulted in availability of HSC allografting to a larger number of individuals, thus offering true curative therapeutic options to patients who otherwise would not qualify to receive these opportunities.

  20. Risk factors in interstitial pneumonitis following allogenic bone marrow transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Pino Y Torres, J.L.; Bross, D.S.; Lam, W.C.; Wharam, M.D.; Santos, G.W.; Order, S.E.

    1982-08-01

    Total body irradiation is part of the preparatory regimen for allogeneic bone marrow transplantation because of its cytotoxic and immunosuppressive properties. A major toxicity of bone marrow transplantation has been interstitial pneumonitis, which may be, in part, related to the lung irradiation. One hundred and sixty-one consecutive patients receiving allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for leukemia and aplastic anemia at Johns Hopkins Hospital (1968-1979) were retrospectively studied. The present study demonstrated that lung shielding to 600 rad maximum in single dose total body irradiation, fractionation of total body irradiation in comparison to single dose total body irradiation, and absence of graft versus host disease in the leukemia patients, each reduced the risk of interstitial pneumonitis. Total body irradiation significantly reduced the leukemia recurrence rate and/or the failure of remission induction.

  1. Phase I Trial of Total Marrow and Lymphoid Irradiation Transplantation Conditioning in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Acute Leukemia.

    PubMed

    Stein, Anthony; Palmer, Joycelynne; Tsai, Ni-Chun; Al Malki, Monzr M; Aldoss, Ibrahim; Ali, Haris; Aribi, Ahmed; Farol, Len; Karanes, Chatchada; Khaled, Samer; Liu, An; O'Donnell, Margaret; Parker, Pablo; Pawlowska, Anna; Pullarkat, Vinod; Radany, Eric; Rosenthal, Joseph; Sahebi, Firoozeh; Salhotra, Amandeep; Sanchez, James F; Schultheiss, Tim; Spielberger, Ricardo; Thomas, Sandra H; Snyder, David; Nakamura, Ryotaro; Marcucci, Guido; Forman, Stephen J; Wong, Jeffrey

    2017-04-01

    Current conditioning regimens provide insufficient disease control in relapsed/refractory acute leukemia patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with active disease. Intensification of chemotherapy and/or total body irradiation (TBI) is not feasible because of excessive toxicity. Total marrow and lymphoid irradiation (TMLI) allows for precise delivery and increased intensity treatment via sculpting radiation to sites with high disease burden or high risk for disease involvement, while sparing normal tissue. We conducted a phase I trial in 51 patients (age range, 16 to 57 years) with relapsed/refractory acute leukemia undergoing HSCT (matched related, matched unrelated, or 1-allele mismatched unrelated) with active disease, combining escalating doses of TMLI (range, 1200 to 2000 cGy) with cyclophosphamide (CY) and etoposide (VP16). The maximum tolerated dose was declared at 2000 cGy, as TMLI simulation studies indicated that >2000 cGy might deliver doses toxic for normal organs at or exceeding those delivered by standard TBI. The post-transplantation nonrelapse mortality (NRM) rate was only 3.9% (95% confidence interval [CI], .7 to 12.0) at day +100 and 8.1% (95% CI, 2.5 to 18.0) at 1 year. The cumulative incidence of grades II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 43.1% (95% CI, 29.2 to 56.3) and for grade III and IV, it was 13.7% (95% CI, 6.9 to 27.3). The day +30 complete remission rate for all patients was 88% and was 100% for those treated at 2000 cGy. The overall 1-year survival was 55.5% (95% CI, 40.7 to 68.1). The TMLI/CY/VP16 conditioning regimen is well tolerated at TMLI doses up to 2000 cGy with a low 100-day and 1-year NRM rate and no increased risk of GVHD with higher doses of radiation.

  2. The costs and cost-effectiveness of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation versus bone marrow transplantation in pediatric patients with acute leukemia.

    PubMed

    Lin, Yu-Feng; Lairson, David R; Chan, Wenyaw; Du, Xianglin L; Leung, Kathryn S; Kennedy-Nasser, Alana A; Martinez, Caridad A; Gottschalk, Stephen M; Bollard, Catherine M; Heslop, Helen E; Brenner, Malcolm K; Krance, Robert A

    2010-09-01

    In a retrospective study, we evaluated the cost and cost-effectiveness of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) (n = 30) compared with bone marrow transplantation (BMT) (n = 110) in children with acute leukemia after 1 year of follow-up. Treatment success was defined as disease-free survival at 1 year posttransplantation. For patients at standard risk for disease, the treatment success rate was 57.1% for PBSCT recipients and 80.3% for BMT recipients (P = not significant [NS]). The average total cost per treatment success at 1 year in the standard-risk disease group was $512,294 for PBSCT recipients and $352,885 for BMT recipients (P = NS). For patients with high-risk disease, the treatment success rate was 18.8% for PBSCT recipients and 23.5% for BMT recipients (P = NS). The cumulative average cost was $457,078 in BMT recipients and $377,316 in PBSCT recipients (P = NS). Point estimates of the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) indicate that in patients with standard-risk disease, allogeneic BMT had lower costs and greater effectiveness than PBSCT (ICER, -$687,108; 95% confidence interval [CI], $2.4 million to dominated). For patients with high-risk disease, BMT was more effective and more costly, and it had an ICER of $1.69 million (95% CI, $29.7 million to dominated) per additional treatment success. The comparative economic evaluation provides support for BMT in standard-risk patients, but much uncertainty precludes a clear advantage of either treatment option in patients with high-risk disease. More studies using larger and randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm the long-term cost-effectiveness of each procedure.

  3. Long-term clinical results of autologous bone marrow CD 133+ cell transplantation in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kirgizova, M. A.; Suslova, T. E.; Markov, V. A.; Karpov, R. S.; Ryabov, V. V.

    2015-11-01

    The aim of the study was investigate the long-term results of autologous bone marrow CD 133+ cell transplantation in patients with primary ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI). Methods and results: From 2006 to 2007, 26 patients with primary STEMI were included in an open randomized study. Patients were randomized to two groups: 1st - included patients underwent PCI and transplantation of autologous bone marrow CD 133+ cell (n = 10); 2nd - patients with only PCI (n = 16). Follow-up study was performed 7.70±0.42 years after STEMI and consisted in physical examination, 6-min walking test, Echo exam. Total and cardiovascular mortality in group 1 was lower (20% (n = 2) vs. 44% (n = 7), p = 0.1 and 22% (n = 2) vs. 25% (n = 4), (p=0.53), respectively). Analysis of cardiac volumetric parameters shows significant differences between groups: EDV of 100.7 ± 50.2 mL vs. 144.40±42.7 mL, ESV of 56.3 ± 37.8 mL vs. 89.7 ± 38.7 mL in 1st and 2nd groups, respectively. Data of the study showed positive effects of autologous bone marrow CD 133+ cell transplantation on the long-term survival of patients and structural status of the heart.

  4. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells remain host-derived despite successful hematopoietic engraftment after allogeneic transplantation in patients with lysosomal and peroxisomal storage diseases.

    PubMed

    Koç, O N; Peters, C; Aubourg, P; Raghavan, S; Dyhouse, S; DeGasperi, R; Kolodny, E H; Yoseph, Y B; Gerson, S L; Lazarus, H M; Caplan, A I; Watkins, P A; Krivit, W

    1999-11-01

    Human bone marrow contains mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that can differentiate into various cells of mesenchymal origin. We developed an efficient method of isolating and culture expanding a homogenous population of MSCs from bone marrow and determined that MSCs express alpha-L-iduronidase, arylsulfatase-A and B, glucocerebrosidase, and adrenoleukodystrophy protein. These findings raised the possibility that MSCs may be useful in the treatment of storage disorders. To determine if donor derived MSCs are transferred to the recipients with lysosomal or peroxisomal storage diseases by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation, we investigated bone marrow derived MSCs of 13 patients 1-14 years after allogeneic transplantation. Highly purified MSCs were genotyped either by fluorescence in situ hybridization using probes for X and Y-chromosomes in gender mis-matched recipients or by radiolabeled PCR amplification of polymorphic simple sequence repeats. Phenotype was determined by the measurement of disease specific protein/enzyme activity in purified MSCs. We found that MSCs isolated from recipients of allogeneic HSC transplantation are not of donor genotype and have persistent phenotypic defects despite successful donor type hematopoietic engraftment. Whether culture expanded normal MSCs can be successfully transplanted into patients with storage diseases and provide therapeutic benefit needs to be determined.

  5. Reduced-intensity hematopoietic cell transplantation for patients with primary myelofibrosis: a cohort analysis from the center for international blood and marrow transplant research.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Vikas; Malone, Adriana K; Hari, Parameswaran N; Ahn, Kwang Woo; Hu, Zhen-Huan; Gale, Robert Peter; Ballen, Karen K; Hamadani, Mehdi; Olavarria, Eduardo; Gerds, Aaron T; Waller, Edmund K; Costa, Luciano J; Antin, Joseph H; Kamble, Rammurti T; van Besien, Koen M; Savani, Bipin N; Schouten, Harry C; Szer, Jeffrey; Cahn, Jean-Yves; de Lima, Marcos J; Wirk, Baldeep; Aljurf, Mahmoud D; Popat, Uday; Bejanyan, Nelli; Litzow, Mark R; Norkin, Maxim; Lewis, Ian D; Hale, Gregory A; Woolfrey, Ann E; Miller, Alan M; Ustun, Celalettin; Jagasia, Madan H; Lill, Michael; Maziarz, Richard T; Cortes, Jorge; Kalaycio, Matt E; Saber, Wael

    2014-01-01

    We evaluated outcomes and associated prognostic factors in 233 patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for primary myelofibrosis (MF) using reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC). The median age at RIC HCT was 55 yr. Donors were a matched sibling donor (MSD) in 34% of RIC HCTs, an HLA well-matched unrelated donor (URD) in 45%, and a partially matched/mismatched URD in 21%. Risk stratification according to the Dynamic International Prognostic Scoring System (DIPSS) was 12% low, 49% intermediate-1, 37% intermediate-2, and 1% high. The probability of survival at 5 yr was 47% (95% confidence interval [CI], 40% to 53%). In a multivariate analysis, donor type was the sole independent factor associated with survival. Adjusted probabilities of survival at 5-yr were 56% (95% CI, 44% to 67%) for MSD, 48% (95% CI, 37% to 58%) for well-matched URD, and 34% (95% CI, 21% to 47%) for partially matched/mismatched URD (P = .002). The relative risk (RR) for NRM was 3.92 (P = .006) for well-matched URD and 9.37 (P < .0001) for partially matched/mismatched URD. Trends toward increased NRM (RR, 1.7; P = .07) and inferior survival (RR, 1.37; P = .10) were observed in DIPSS intermediate-2/high-risk patients compared with DIPSS low/intermediate-1 risk patients. Our data indicate that RIC HCT is a potentially curative option for patients with MF, and that donor type is the most important factor influencing survival in these patients. Copyright © 2014 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. [Rapid tapering of cyclosporine for cytogenetic relapse shortly after bone marrow transplantation in a patient with chronic myeloid leukemia].

    PubMed

    Kobayashi, Y; Nakata, M; Sato, N; Kamiya, Y; Maeda, A; Togitani, K; Kawahigashi, N; Murayama, T; Yokozawa, T; Takeyama, K; Narabayashi, M; Takenaka, T; Tobinai, K

    1998-06-01

    A 53-year-old female case of cytogenetically relapsed chronic myeloid leukemia after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) who achieved remission by withdrawal of immunosuppressant is reported. On day 690 of this presentation she is well and alive with performance status of 100%. She had episodes of cyclic oscillation of her neutrophil count during hydroxyurea therapy lasting 1 year before transplantation. Increase of the neutrophils at the time of BMT might have contributed to her early relapse on day 207. Withdrawal of immunosuppressant was successful at least in this case.

  7. Disease-specific analyses of unrelated cord blood transplantation compared with unrelated bone marrow transplantation in adult patients with acute leukemia.

    PubMed

    Atsuta, Yoshiko; Suzuki, Ritsuro; Nagamura-Inoue, Tokiko; Taniguchi, Shuichi; Takahashi, Satoshi; Kai, Shunro; Sakamaki, Hisashi; Kouzai, Yasushi; Kasai, Masaharu; Fukuda, Takahiro; Azuma, Hiroshi; Takanashi, Minoko; Okamoto, Shinichiro; Tsuchida, Masahiro; Kawa, Keisei; Morishima, Yasuo; Kodera, Yoshihisa; Kato, Shunichi

    2009-02-19

    We made a disease-specific comparison of unrelated cord blood (CB) recipients and human leukocyte antigen allele-matched unrelated bone marrow (BM) recipients among 484 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML; 173 CB and 311 BM) and 336 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL; 114 CB and 222 BM) who received myeloablative transplantations. In multivariate analyses, among AML cases, lower overall survival (hazard ratio [HR]=1.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0-2.0, P= .028) and leukemia-free survival (HR=1.5; 95% CI, 1.1-2.0, P= .012) were observed in CB recipients. The relapse rate did not differ between the 2 groups of AML (HR=1.2; 95% CI, 0.8-1.9, P= .38); however, the treatment-related mortality rate showed higher trend in CB recipients (HR=1.5; 95% CI, 1.0-2.3, P= .085). In ALL, there was no significant difference between the groups for relapse (HR=1.4, 95% CI, 0.8-2.4, P= .19) and treatment-related mortality (HR=1.0; 95% CI, 0.6-1.7, P= .98), which contributed to similar overall survival (HR=1.1; 95% CI, 0.7-1.6, P= .78) and leukemia-free survival (HR=1.2; 95% CI, 0.9-1.8, P= .28). Matched or mismatched single-unit CB is a favorable alternative stem cell source for patients without a human leukocyte antigen-matched related or unrelated donor. For patients with AML, decreasing mortality, especially in the early phase of transplantation, is required to improve the outcome for CB recipients.

  8. Serial monitoring of Mucorales DNA load in serum samples of a patient with disseminated mucormycosis after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Shigemura, Tomonari; Nakazawa, Yozo; Matsuda, Kazuyuki; Sano, Kenji; Yaguchi, Takashi; Motobayashi, Mitsuo; Saito, Shoji; Noda, Shunsuke; Kobayashi, Norimoto; Agematsu, Kazunaga; Honda, Takayuki; Koike, Kenichi

    2014-08-01

    Mucormycosis is a fatal complication in immunocompromised patients, and is additionally difficult to diagnose due to the lack of useful serum biomarkers. Using a quantitative PCR approach, we retrospectively analyzed Mucorales DNA load in sera collected serially from a 3-year-old patient with chronic granulomatous disease, who died of multi-organ failure probably due to dissemination of Rhizomucor pusillus, which was detected from necropsy specimens. Mucorales DNA load was below the detection limit on days 9, 2, and 4 after unrelated bone marrow transplantation. Rhizomucor DNA was first detected on day 14 (1.6 × 10(3) copies/mL), and subsequently fluctuated between 1.3 × 10(3) and 37.2 × 10(3) copies/mL until day 43. Rhizomucor achieved a peak value of 940.0 × 10(3) copies/mL on day 48 the day before death. The detection or fluctuation of Rhizomucor DNA appeared to be associated with corticosteroid dosages or C-reactive protein levels. This specific, noninvasive, and highly quantitative assay may be useful for the early diagnosis of mucormycosis and prediction of disease progression.

  9. A randomized trial of roxithromycin in patients with acute leukemia and bone marrow transplant recipients receiving fluoroquinolone prophylaxis.

    PubMed Central

    Kern, W V; Hay, B; Kern, P; Marre, R; Arnold, R

    1994-01-01

    Fluoroquinolone prophylaxis in patients with profound neutropenia may be useful for preventing gram-negative bacterial infection, but it is ineffective against gram-positive bacterial infections in the bloodstream, particularly those caused by streptococci and coagulase-negative staphylococci, which appear to have emerged as significant causes of morbidity, decreased treatment efficacy, and the increased costs of empiric antimicrobial therapy. In a prospective, randomized, open trial, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of oral roxithromycin (150 mg twice daily) as additional antibacterial prophylaxis in 131 adult patients with acute leukemia and bone marrow transplant recipients receiving oral ofloxacin. In comparison with patients given ofloxacin alone, fewer patients receiving ofloxacin plus roxithromycin developed bacteremia caused by viridans group streptococci (incidence, 9 versus 0%; P = 0.03), while the incidence of bacteremia caused by other organisms, the incidence of febrile episodes from any cause, the risk of infection-associated complications (including prolonged or secondary fever, pneumonia, septic shock, need for mechanical ventilation, and/or infection-related death), and antimicrobial usage for therapy were comparable between both groups. Adverse events possibly related to the study drugs were slightly more common among the patients receiving the combination treatment (P = 0.05). Although effective for the prevention of streptococcal bacteremia, the addition of roxithromycin to a fluoroquinolone should not be used routinely as a prophylactic regimen in patients with profound neutropenia, but it might be considered and may be useful for cancer patients with a particularly high risk of streptococcal infection and related complications. PMID:8203838

  10. [A FOLLOW-UP STUDY ON AUTOLOGOUS BONE MARROW MONONUCLEAR CELLS TRANSPLANTATION FOR CRITICAL LOWER ARTERIOSCLEROSIS OBLITERANS IN DIABETIC PATIENTS].

    PubMed

    Dou, Yanhua; Zhao, Jin; Zhang, Li; Wang, Xueying; Yuan, Hong; Yuan, Chunhui

    2015-07-01

    To assess the long-term effectiveness and safety of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells (BM-MNC) transplantation in the treatment of critical diabetic lower arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO). Between January 2007 and January 2010, 61 patients with critical diabetic lower ASO were treated with standard medical therapies in 29 cases (control group) or with standard medical therapies and autologous BM-MNC transplantation in 32 cases (treatment group). There was no significant difference in gender, age, disease duration, Fontatine stage, glucose (GLU), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (CHOL), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), hemoglobin Alc (HbA1c), systolic blood pressure (SBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) between 2 groups (P > 0.05). The endpoints were overall survival (OS) and amputation-free survival (AFS). The risk indexes for ASO were observed and compared between 2 groups before and after treatments. The patients were followed up 2-36 months, and no malignant tumor occurred. The OS rate, OS time, AFS rate, and AFS time were 82.76% (24/29), (32.31 ± 9.08) months, 37.50% (9/24), and (21.28 ± 13.35) months in the control group and were 78.13% (25/32), (32.47 ± 6.96) months, 68.00% (17/25), and (28.38 ± 9.48) months in the treatment group; all indexes showed no significant differences (P > 0.05). OS rate, OS time, AFS rate, and AFS time showed no significant differences between 2 groups at the other time (P > 0.05) except AFS time at 1 year, which was significantly short in the control group than the treatment group (t = 2.806, P = 0.007). At the endpoint of follow-up, the indexes of GLU, TG, CHOL, LDL-C, HbAlc, SBP, and DBP showed no significant differences between before and after treatments and between 2 groups (P > 0.05) in 49 survival patients (24 in control group and 25 in treatment group). Autologous BM-MNC transplantation is safe and effective in the treatment of critical diabetic lower ASO, which can significantly improve AFS

  11. Needs and experiences of family caregivers during marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Stetz, K M; McDonald, J C; Compton, K

    1996-10-01

    To determine the information needs of family members of people undergoing marrow transplantation as well as their actions to meet those needs. Descriptive, cross-sectional, qualitative design. Marrow transplant units in the Pacific Northwestern United States. 19 adult family members of people who had undergone marrow transplants. Researchers conducted four focus group interviews. Three served as data generation interviews, and the fourth served as the validation interview. A transcriptionist recorded the subjects' responses, which then were analyzed using constant comparative techniques. Themes emerged from the data in five categories: (a) Preparing for Caregiving (seeking and acquiring health care, obtaining information and materials, and evaluating the validity of information), (b) Managing the Care (providing physical care, protecting, maintaining the patient's connection with life, and advocating), (c) Facing Challenges (personal and interpersonal stress, communication barriers with healthcare professionals, and healthcare system barriers), (d) Developing Supportive Strategies (community resources, personal and self-care resources, and healthcare system facilitators), and (e) Discovering Unanticipated Rewards and Benefits (personal growth and family cohesion). Family members, as well as patients undergoing marrow transplant, experience a unique set of information needs and demands as a result of this experience. However, these demands can be mitigated by actions that provide appropriate education strategies and foster a sense of caring and a nurturing way of interacting among the family, healthcare professionals, and the healthcare system. Healthcare professionals need to acknowledge the caregiving role and actively involve and support the family caregiver throughout the transplant experience.

  12. Stem cell transplantation for treatment of sickle cell disease: bone marrow versus cord blood transplants.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Lisa Marie; Ceja, Maria Estela; Yang, Sonal Patel

    2012-08-01

    The transplantation of stem cells harvested from bone marrow and cord blood for the treatment of sickle cell disease (SCD) is reviewed. Current treatment options have lengthened the lifespan of patients with SCD. Hydroxyurea is the standard of care for the management of SCD, but it does not prevent serious complications in all patients. For those patients with severe disease, stem cell transplantation may be an appropriate curative option. However, less than one third of these patients find an appropriate matched related bone marrow donor. Cord blood offers a more readily available source of stem cells for transplantation. Donor morbidity is eliminated, since the cells come from banked cords, and the harvesting process is noninvasive for the donor. Another advantage of cord blood transplantation is the lower occurrence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). One disadvantage of transplantation with cord blood includes delayed time to engraftment. Due to the mortality associated with stem cell transplantation, it may be most appropriate to reserve the procedure for patients who have a more severe course of SCD. Although bone marrow, peripheral blood, and cord blood transplantation has been successfully performed in patients with SCD, data remain limited regarding the optimal preparative regimens, the most appropriate stem cell source, and the type of GVHD prophylaxis to be used after transplantation. More data are warranted before this treatment approach can be recommended as a standard of care for SCD.

  13. Myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients who experience relapse after autologous stem cell transplantation for lymphoma: a report of the International Bone Marrow Transplant Registry.

    PubMed

    Freytes, César O; Loberiza, Fausto R; Rizzo, J Douglas; Bashey, Asad; Bredeson, Christopher N; Cairo, Mitchell S; Gale, Robert Peter; Horowitz, Mary M; Klumpp, Thomas R; Martino, Rodrigo; McCarthy, Philip L; Molina, Arturo; Pavlovsky, Santiago; Pecora, Andrew L; Serna, Derek S; Tsai, Tsuong; Zhang, Mei-Jie; Vose, Julie M; Lazarus, Hillard M; van Besien, Koen

    2004-12-01

    Myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is increasingly used in patients with lymphoma who experience disease relapse after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) because the allograft is tumor free and may induce a graft-versus-tumor effect. We analyzed 114 patients treated with this approach from 1990 to 1999 to assess disease progression, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). Cumulative incidence of disease progression at 3 years was 52%, whereas treatment-related mortality was 22%, lower than previously reported. Three-year probabilities of OS and PFS were 33% and 25%, respectively. With prolonged follow-up, however, nearly all patients experienced disease progression, and 5-year probabilities were 24% and 5%, respectively. Complete remission at the time of allo-HSCT and use of total body irradiation (TBI) in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) were associated with lower rates of disease progression and higher rates of OS. In summary, allo-HSCT is feasible for patients with lymphoma who have relapses after auto-HSCT and can result in prolonged survival for some, but it is usually not curative. Most likely to benefit are patients who have HLA-matched sibling donors, are in remission, and have good performance status.

  14. Enteral nutrition after bone marrow transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Papadopoulou, A; MacDonald, A; Williams, M; Darbyshire, P; Booth, I

    1997-01-01

    Accepted 16 April 1997
 Nutritional insult after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is complex and its nutritional management challenging. Enteral nutrition is cheaper and easier to provide than parenteral nutrition, but its tolerance and effectiveness in reversing nutritional depletion after BMT is poorly defined. Nutritional status, wellbeing, and nutritional biochemistry were prospectively assessed in 21 children (mean age 7.5 years; 14 boys) who received nasogastric feeding after BMT (mean duration 17 days) and in eight children (mean age 8 years, four boys) who refused enteral nutrition and who received dietetic advice only.
 Enteral nutrition was stopped prematurely in eight patients. Greater changes in weight and mid upper arm circumference were observed in the enteral nutrition group, while positive correlations were found between the duration of feeds and increase in weight and in mid upper arm circumference. Vomiting and diarrhoea had a similar incidence in the two groups, while fever and positive blood cultures occurred more frequently in the dietetic advice group. Diarrhoea occurring during enteral nutrition was not associated with fat malabsorption, while carbohydrate malabsorption was associated with rotavirus infection only. Enteral feeding did not, however, affect bone marrow recovery, hospital stay, general wellbeing, or serum albumin concentrations. Hypomagnesaemia, hypophosphataemia, zinc and selenium deficiency were common in both groups. In conclusion, enteral nutrition, when tolerated, is effective in limiting nutritional insult after BMT. With existing regimens nutritional biochemistry should be closely monitored in order to provide supplements when required.

 PMID:9301351

  15. Transplantation of umbilical cord and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells in a patient with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis

    PubMed Central

    Hou, Zong-liu; Liu, Ying; Mao, Xi-Hong; Wei, Chuan-yu; Meng, Ming-yao; Liu, Yun-hong; Zhuyun Yang, Zara; Zhu, Hongmei; Short, Martin; Bernard, Claude; Xiao, Zhi-cheng

    2013-01-01

    There is currently great interest in the use of mesenchymal stem cells as a therapy for multiple sclerosis with potential to both ameliorate inflammatory processes as well as improve regeneration and repair. Although most clinical studies have used autologous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells, other sources such as allogeneic umbilical cord-derived cells may provide a more accessible and practical supply of cells for transplantation. In this case report we present the treatment of aggressive multiple sclerosis with multiple allogenic human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cell and autologous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells over a 4 y period. The treatments were tolerated well with no significant adverse events. Clinical and radiological disease appeared to be suppressed following the treatments and support the expansion of mesenchymal stem cell transplantation into clinical trials as a potential novel therapy for patients with aggressive multiple sclerosis. PMID:24192520

  16. Transplantation of umbilical cord and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells in a patient with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.

    PubMed

    Hou, Zong-liu; Liu, Ying; Mao, Xi-Hong; Wei, Chuan-yu; Meng, Ming-yao; Liu, Yun-hong; Zhuyun Yang, Zara; Zhu, Hongmei; Short, Martin; Bernard, Claude; Xiao, Zhi-cheng

    2013-01-01

    There is currently great interest in the use of mesenchymal stem cells as a therapy for multiple sclerosis with potential to both ameliorate inflammatory processes as well as improve regeneration and repair. Although most clinical studies have used autologous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells, other sources such as allogeneic umbilical cord-derived cells may provide a more accessible and practical supply of cells for transplantation. In this case report we present the treatment of aggressive multiple sclerosis with multiple allogenic human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cell and autologous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells over a 4 y period. The treatments were tolerated well with no significant adverse events. Clinical and radiological disease appeared to be suppressed following the treatments and support the expansion of mesenchymal stem cell transplantation into clinical trials as a potential novel therapy for patients with aggressive multiple sclerosis.

  17. Hemorrhagic cytitis after bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Padilla-Fernandez, Barbara; Bastida-Bermejo, J M; Virseda-Rodriguez, A J; Labrador-Gomez, J; Caballero-Barrigon, D; Silva-Abuin, J M; San Miguel-Izquierdo, J F; Lorenzo-Gomez, M F

    2014-03-01

    Hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) presenting with gross hematuria, bladder pain and urinary frequency develops in 13-38% of patients following bone marrow transplantation (BMT). The objective of the study was to study the characteristics of patients suffering hemorrhagic cystitis after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in our center. We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients who underwent BMT at our institution between January 1996 and August 2012. We recorded the age, sex, diagnosis, conditioning regimen, interval between BMT and development of symptoms of cystitis and treatment instituted. Five hundred patients underwent BMT in the period of time studied. 52 of them developed hemorrhagic cystitis. The mean age of the affected patients was 39 years; there were 34 males and 18 females. The diagnoses include AML (n=11), ALL (n=8), CML (n=6), MDS (n=11), CLL (n=5), NHL (n=1), HD (n=5), MM (n=2), Medular aplasia((n=3). HC appeared 59.48 days after BMT. There were no differences between sexes. Mortality among the 52 patients was 51.14% but HC was not the cause of death in any patient. Polyomaviruses were detected in the urine of 78.94 % of survivors. Polyomavirus infection with BK and JC types is usually acquired in infancy and the virus remains latent in renal tissue. Immunosuppression facilitates reactivation of the renal infection and replication of the virus responsible for the clinical manifestations of HC. The differential diagnoses include other urinary infections, lithiasis, thrombocytopenia and adverse effects of pharmacological agents. The urologist plays a limited role in the management of this disease.

  18. Usefulness of bone marrow transplantation in the Hurler syndrome.

    PubMed

    Braunlin, Elizabeth A; Stauffer, Nanci R; Peters, Charles H; Bass, John L; Berry, James M; Hopwood, John J; Krivit, William

    2003-10-01

    The Hurler syndrome, an autosomal recessive storage disease of childhood, leads to death within the first decade of life from progressive deposition of glycosaminoglycans within the myointima of the coronary arteries and airways. Cardiac ultrasound findings of patients with this syndrome >10 years after successful bone marrow transplantation are described.

  19. Flow cytometric evaluation of red blood cell chimerism after bone marrow transplantation in Iranian patients: a preliminary study.

    PubMed

    Shaiegan, Mojgan; Hadjati, Esmerdis; Aghaiipour, Mahnaz; Iravani, Masoud; David, Gaelle; Bernard, Daniel

    2006-10-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate mixed red cells population and red blood cell chimerism after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Red blood cell chimerism after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was analyzed using a series of fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated monoclonal antibodies (BioAtlantic, France) directed against ABH, Rh (D, C, E, c, e), Kell, Duffy, Kidd, and Ss antigens on blood samples of 14 patients with hematologic disorders undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, by flow cytometric method on days 15, 30, and 60 after transplantation. All patients showed expression of donor red cell antigens within days 15 - 30 after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Graft versus host disease and ABO incompatibility did not affect the expression of chimerism. Flow cytometric analysis is a simple, accurate, and valuable test which is of significant help in monitoring chimerism in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

  20. Atypical diabetes mellitus associated with bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Tor, Ozlem; Garg, Rajesh K

    2010-01-01

    To describe 3 cases of atypical diabetes mellitus following bone marrow transplantation. We describe the clinical presentation and relevant laboratory findings of 3 patients who presented with new-onset diabetes mellitus after bone marrow transplantation and discuss the possible mechanisms. A 52-year-old white man with chronic myelogenous leukemia, a 51-year-old white woman with acute myelogenous leukemia, and a 38-year-old Hispanic woman with acute myelogenous leukemia presented with acute onset of diabetes mellitus after bone marrow transplantation. Although blood glucose levels were initially very high, the patients required only small insulin dosages for glycemic control. Both the acute onset and requirement of relatively small insulin dosages were characteristic of type 1 diabetes mellitus. Onset of diabetes appeared to be unrelated to immunosuppressive drug therapy because it happened several months after starting these drugs. C-peptide was detectable, and glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies were absent. Diabetes mellitus remitted spontaneously after a few months while the immunosuppressive drugs were continued. Although the underlying mechanisms are unknown, cytokine changes after bone marrow transplantation may have led to temporary beta-cell dysfunction in these patients.

  1. The impact of early CD4+ lymphocyte recovery on the outcome of patients who undergo allogeneic bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Fedele, Roberta; Martino, Massimo; Garreffa, Cristina; Messina, Giuseppe; Console, Giuseppe; Princi, Domenica; Dattola, Antonella; Moscato, Tiziana; Massara, Elisabetta; Spiniello, Elisa; Irrera, Giuseppe; Iacopino, Pasquale

    2012-01-01

    Background Different factors influence the clinical outcome of allogeneic transplants, the foremost being good immune recovery. Materials and methods The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of different factors, such as stem cell source, type of donor, conditioning regimen and acute graft-versus-host disease, on early lymphocyte recovery after transplantation. We then analyzed the impact of early CD4+ cell count on overall survival, transplant-related mortality and disease-related mortality. Results Univariate analysis with Spearman’s rho showed a significant correlation between early CD4+ cell recovery and overall survival, transplant-related mortality, stem cell source and type of donor. In multivariate analysis CD4+ cell count was significantly associated with (i) stem cell source, being higher in patients whose haematopoietic progenitor cells were obtained by apheresis than in those whose source of grafted cells was bone marrow, and (ii) type of donor, being higher in patients transplanted from sibling donors than in those whose graft was from an alternative donor. The ROC curve of CD4+ cell count indicated that a cut-off of 115 CD4+ cells/mL could differentiate groups with different outcomes. At 2 years follow-up, patients achieving this CD4+ cell count had significantly lower cumulative transplant-related mortality compared to patients who did not have this count (10%±4% versus 40%±8%, p=0.0026). At the 5-year follow-up, the overall survival rates were 77.5%±0.6% and 36%±7% (p=0.000) in patients with a CD4+ cell count ≥115/mL and in patients with CD4+ cell count ≤ 115/mL, respectively. Conclusion Early CD4+ cell recovery after allogeneic transplantation has a relevant impact on overall survival and transplant-related mortality and is influenced by two factors: stem cell source and type of donor. PMID:22337266

  2. Effect of nephrotoxic drugs on the development of radiation nephropathy after bone marrow transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Lawton, C.A.; Fish, B.L.; Moulder, J.E. )

    1994-03-01

    Chronic renal failure is a significant cause of late morbidity in bone marrow transplant patients whose conditioning regimen includes total body irradiation (TBI). Radiation is a major cause of this syndrome (bone marrow transplant nephropathy), but it may not be the only cause. These studies use a rat syngeneic bone marrow transplant model to determine whether nephrotoxic agents used in conjunction with bone marrow transplantation (BMT) could be enhancing or accelerating the development of radiation nephropathy. Rats received 11-17 Gy TBI in six fractions over 3 days followed by syngeneic bone marrow transplant. In conjunction with the bone marrow transplants, animals received either no drugs, cyclosporine, amphotericin, gentamicin, or busulfan. Drugs were given in schedules analogous to their use in clinical bone marrow transplantation. Drug doses were chosen so that the drug regimen alone caused detectable acute nephrotoxicity. Animals were followed for 6 months with periodic renal function tests. Gentamicin had no apparent interactions with TBI. Amphotericin increased the incidence of engraftment failure, but did not enhance radiation nephropathy. Cyclosporin with TBI caused late morbidity that appeared to be due to neurological problems, but did not enhance radiation nephropathy. Busulfan resulted in a significant enhancement of radiation nephropathy. Of the nephrotoxins used in conjunction with bone marrow transplantation only radiation and busulfan were found to be risk factors for bone marrow transplant nephropathy. 34 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. Total body irradiation in bone marrow transplantation: the influence of fractionation and delay of marrow infusion

    SciTech Connect

    Lichter, A.S.; Tracy, D.; Lam, W.C.; Order, S.E.

    1980-03-01

    Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) after total body irradiation (TBI) and cyclophosphamide is being employed increasingly in the therapy of end stage leukemia. Interstitial pneumonitis (IP) represents a major acute toxicity after allogeneic transplantation. A more rapid reconstitution of lymphoid organs and bone marrow post transplant may result in increased immune competence and hence fewer opportunistic pulmonary infections and IP. By delaying the infusion of marrow to 72 hr after TBI (1250 rad at 7.5 rad/min) instead of the customary 24 hr, we can demonstrate an increase in initial repopulation of thymus, spleen and bone marrow, with syngeneic transplants in Lewis rats. Interstitial pneumonitis may also be caused, in part, by the pulmonary toxicity of large single exposures of TBI. Clinical and laboratory data suggest that fractionated TBI may be less toxic to the lung. When fractionated TBI (625 rad x 2, 7.5 rad/min) is compared to single dose TBI (1250 rad, 7.5 rad/min), and increased initial repopulation of lymphoid organs is observed when fractionated therapy is employed. Delay in marrow infusion and fractionation of TBI exposure may have clinical advantages in patients who receive BMT.

  4. The bone marrow microenvironment is similarly impaired in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation patients with early and late poor graft function.

    PubMed

    Kong, Y; Wang, Y-T; Hu, Y; Han, W; Chang, Y-J; Zhang, X-H; Jiang, Z-F; Huang, X-J

    2016-02-01

    Poor graft function (PGF), including early and late PGF, is a serious complication following allotransplant. We recently reported that bone marrow microenvironment abnormalities may occur in cases of late PGF. Whether these abnormalities occur in early PGF remains unknown. To answer this question, we performed a nested case-control study comparing cellular elements of the bone marrow microenvironment in 10 subjects with early PGF, 30 subjects with late PGF and 40 subjects without PGF. Bone marrow endosteal cells, perivascular cells and endothelial cells were analyzed by flow cytometry and by hematoxylin-eosin and immunohistochemical staining in situ. Subjects with early and late PGF had similar abnormalities in these cell types compared with transplant recipients without PGF. However, none of the aforementioned elements of the bone marrow microenvironment were significantly different between early and late PGF patients. Our data suggest that similar abnormalities in the bone marrow microenvironment may occur in early and late PGF post allotransplant. Cellular approaches, such as the administration of mesenchymal stem cells, promise to be beneficial therapeutic strategies in patients with early or late PGF.

  5. Relationship between clinical sinusitis symptoms and sinus CT severity in pediatric post bone marrow transplant and immunocompetent patients

    PubMed Central

    Arulrajah, Sahayini; Symons, Heather; Cahoon, Elizabeth Khaykin; Tekes, Aylin; Huisman, Thierry A. G. M.

    2014-01-01

    Since typical inflammatory responses may be diminished in children following bone marrow transplant (BMT), computed tomography (CT) imaging of the sinuses has been increasingly ordered to diagnose sinusitis in this group. The objective of this study was to determine the association between clinical sinusitis symptoms and sinus opacification on CT scans in post BMT versus immunocompetent children. Our sample was comprised of 64 post BMT and 86 immunocompetent children with sinus CT scans. CT sinus opacification was scored using the modified Lund–Mackay staging system. The relationship between clinical sinusitis symptoms (rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, cough, headache, and facial pain) and opacification was compared for the two groups. The severity of sinus opacification in the BMT group was significantly higher compared to the immunocompetent group. In combined patient groups the odds ratio (OR) for moderate/severe sinusitis was significantly elevated for rhinorrhea (OR=3.00; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.27–7.12), cough (OR=2.80; 95% CI, 1.22–6.42), and having either rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, or cough (OR= 4.76; 95% CI, 1.71–13.24). While the immunocompetent group had a greater number of sinusitis symptoms compared to the post BMT group, both groups had a significant increase in the severity on CT with increasing number of symptoms. Conclusion In post BMT patients, our data demonstrated higher odds of moderate/severe sinusitis on CT scans associated with rhinorrhea, cough or nasal congestion. These finding suggest that in post BMT children, detailed sinus history may still play a vital role in the diagnosis of sinusitis. PMID:21904829

  6. Bone marrow transplantation in Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia.

    PubMed

    Baradaran-Heravi, Alireza; Lange, Jonas; Asakura, Yumi; Cochat, Pierre; Massella, Laura; Boerkoel, Cornelius F

    2013-10-01

    Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia (SIOD, OMIM 242900) is a rare autosomal recessive multisystem childhood disorder characterized by short stature, renal failure, T-cell immunodeficiency, and hypersensitivity to genotoxic agents. SIOD is associated with biallelic mutations in SMARCAL1 (SWI/SNF-related matrix-associated actin-dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily a-like 1), which encodes a DNA stress response enzyme with annealing helicase activity. Two features of SIOD causing much morbidity and mortality are bone marrow failure and T-cell deficiency with the consequent opportunistic infections. To address the safety and efficacy of bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in SIOD, we reviewed the outcomes of the only five SIOD patients known to us in whom bone marrow or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been attempted. We find that only one patient survived the transplantation procedure and that the existing indicators of a good prognosis for bone marrow transplantation were not predictive in this small cohort. Given these observations, we also discuss some considerations for the poor outcomes. Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  7. A Melanoma Brain Metastasis with a Donor-Patient Hybrid Genome following Bone Marrow Transplantation: First Evidence for Fusion in Human Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Duvall, Eric; Spoelstra, Nicole; Klump, Vincent; Sznol, Mario; Cooper, Dennis; Spritz, Richard A.; Chang, Joseph T.; Pawelek, John M.

    2013-01-01

    Background Tumor cell fusion with motile bone marrow-derived cells (BMDCs) has long been posited as a mechanism for cancer metastasis. While there is much support for this from cell culture and animal studies, it has yet to be confirmed in human cancer, as tumor and marrow-derived cells from the same patient cannot be easily distinguished genetically. Methods We carried out genotyping of a metastatic melanoma to the brain that arose following allogeneic bone-marrow transplantation (BMT), using forensic short tandem repeat (STR) length-polymorphisms to distinguish donor and patient genomes. Tumor cells were isolated free of leucocytes by laser microdissection, and tumor and pre-transplant blood lymphocyte DNAs were analyzed for donor and patient alleles at 14 autosomal STR loci and the sex chromosomes. Results All alleles in the donor and patient pre-BMT lymphocytes were found in tumor cells. The alleles showed disproportionate relative abundances in similar patterns throughout the tumor, indicating the tumor was initiated by a clonal fusion event. Conclusions Our results strongly support fusion between a BMDC and a tumor cell playing a role in the origin of this metastasis. Depending on the frequency of such events, the findings could have important implications for understanding the generation of metastases, including the origins of tumor initiating cells and the cancer epigenome. PMID:23840523

  8. The transient appearance of small blastoid cells in the marrow after bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Kobayashi, S D; Seki, K; Suwa, N; Koama, C; Yamamoto, T; Aiba, K; Maruta, A; Matsuzaki, M; Fukawa, H; Kanamori, H

    1991-08-01

    Of 14 patients who underwent allogeneic or syngeneic bone marrow transplantation, 6 had a transient appearance of small blastoid cells in the bone marrow after transplantation. Most of these patients (11) had leukemia, although 3 had severe aplastic anemia. The cells were 8-18 micron in diameter and had scant cytoplasm and dense nuclei with smooth, homogeneous chromatin. They often had distinct nuclear clefts. These cells constituted 4.0-21.3% of the total number of bone marrow cells. They were not reactive with peroxidase, alpha-naphtyl butylate esterase, naphthol AS-D chloroacetate esterase, or periodic acid-Schiff stains. Immunocytochemical analysis revealed that the small blastoid cells expressed terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase, Ia-like, CD19, and CD10 antigens and cytoplasmic mu heavy chains, indicating a precursor B-cell phenotype. CD20 antigen was not expressed on these cells. The data suggest that cytoplasmic mu may be expressed earlier than CD20 antigen in the differentiation of B-cell lineage. The morphologic, cytochemical, and immunophenotypic characteristics did not distinguish these nonneoplastic cells distinctly from leukemic lymphoblastic cells. The increase of small blastoid cells was a transient and self-limited phenomenon, in contrast to that of neoplastic blasts. These cells should be recognized as a common component of the bone marrow of marrow transplant recipients. The significance and role of these cells in immune recovery and hematopoiesis remain uncertain.

  9. [Bone marrow transplantation in chronic myeloid leukemia].

    PubMed

    Milone, J H; Bordone, J; Etchegoyen, O; Napal, J; Prates, M V; Morales, V H

    1999-01-01

    Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) is an oncohematological disease characterized by a clonal proliferation concerning the primitive hematopoietic cell. A typical cytogenetic alteration known as Philadelphia Chromosome (Ph1), a 9:22 chromosomic translocation which produces a hybrid gene BCR/ABL, is present in 95% of the patients. Nineteen CML patients (9 female and 10 male) underwent Bone Marrow Transplantation (BMT). Median age was 32 years (range 9 to 47); 15 of them were in chronic phase (CP), and 4 in accelerated phase (AP). At diagnosis, all patients were Ph1+, BCR/ABL+. The conditioning regimen consisted of busulphan and cyclophosphamide while patients in AP received etoposide as well. Seventeen patients received cyclosporine A, methotrexate and methylprednisone as prophylaxis for Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD) while 2 patients received only the first two drugs. The 9.22 translocation was determined by means of RT-PCT technique using the primers NB1+, Abl3, B2A, CA3 and A2. The sensitivity of the method was 1 x 10(-6). Among the 19 patients who entered the protocol, 14 are alive and in clinical, hematological and cytogenetic remission (Ph1-) and 3 patients died due to acute GVHD, 1 due to graft failure and 1 due to Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome. Of the 4 transplanted patients in AP, 3 are alive and in complete remission. The patients had a 74% survival, with a median follow-up of 655 days. Complete hematopoietic chimerism was demonstrated in 16 patients, with the study of 3 loci, D1S80, APO B and D17S30. No relationship was found between post BMT hybrid BCR/ABL (RT.PCR) persistence and disease relapse; the presence of acute and/or chronic GVHD did not influence the BCR/ABL positivity. In our experience, BMT has proved to be the only therapeutic alternative for CML with complete clinical, hematological and cytogenetic remission and a mean survival of 74%, comparable to the international experience.

  10. Late renal dysfunction in adult survivors of bone marrow transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Lawton, C.A.; Cohen, E.P.; Barber-Derus, S.W.; Murray, K.J.; Ash, R.C.; Casper, J.T.; Moulder, J.E. )

    1991-06-01

    Until recently long-term renal toxicity has not been considered a major late complication of bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Late renal dysfunction has been described in a pediatric population status post-BMT which was attributable to the radiation in the preparatory regimen. A thorough review of adults with this type of late renal dysfunction has not previously been described. Fourteen of 103 evaluable adult patients undergoing allogeneic (96) or autologous (7) bone marrow transplantation, predominantly for leukemia and lymphomas, at the Medical College of Wisconsin (Milwaukee, WI) have had a syndrome of renal insufficiency characterized by increased serum creatinine, decreased glomerular filtration rate, anemia, and hypertension. This syndrome developed at a median of 9 months (range, 4.5 to 26 months) posttransplantation in the absence of specific identifiable causes. The cumulative probability of having this renal dysfunction is 20% at 1 year. Renal biopsies performed on seven of these cases showed the endothelium widely separated from the basement membrane, extreme thickening of the glomerular basement membrane, and microthrombi. Previous chemotherapy, antibiotics, and antifungals as well as cyclosporin may add to and possibly potentiate a primary chemoradiation marrow transplant renal injury, but this clinical syndrome is most analogous to clinical and experimental models of radiation nephritis. This late marrow transplant-associated nephritis should be recognized as a potentially limiting factor in the use of some intensive chemoradiation conditioning regimens used for BMT. Some selective attenuation of the radiation to the kidneys may decrease the incidence of this renal dysfunction.

  11. Blood and Bone Marrow Hematopoietic Stem Cells for Transplantation: A Comparative Review.

    PubMed

    Janssen; Hiemenz; Fields; Zorsky; Ballester; Goldstein; Elfenbein

    1994-05-01

    Classical bone marrow transplantation collects bone marrow from a normal individual. This is infused into a patient rendered aplastic by high-dose chemoradiotherapy. Shortcomings include a limited donor pool and morbidity and mortality from graft-vs-host and graft rejection phenomena. Autologous marrow transplantation, in which the marrow of the patient to be transplanted is harvested, cryopreserved, and stored until needed, is not so constrained. Although marrow cannot be collected from some individuals due to hypocellularity, fibrosis, or infiltration with malignant disease, the presence of peripheral blood stem cells in the circulation allows these individuals to be treated with autologous transplantation therapy. It has been postulated that these hematopoietic progenitors have advantages over bone marrow collected stem cells, including safer and less expensive collections and accelerated rates of hematopoietic recovery following high-dose therapy and stem cell reinfusion.

  12. Lenalidomide After Donor Bone Marrow Transplant in Treating Patients With High-Risk Hematologic Cancers

    ClinicalTrials.gov

    2017-09-22

    Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission; Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13.1q22); CBFB-MYH11; Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13.1;q22); CBFB-MYH11; Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21); (q22; q22.1); RUNX1-RUNX1T1; Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(9;11)(p22.3;q23.3); MLLT3-KMT2A; Adult Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia With PML-RARA; Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma; Alkylating Agent-Related Acute Myeloid Leukemia; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-Cell Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone Lymphoma of Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-Cell Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Lymphomatous Involvement of Non-Cutaneous Extranodal Site; Mature T-Cell and NK-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Post-Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Primary Cutaneous B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Prolymphocytic Leukemia; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides and Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Primary Cutaneous T-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia; Richter Syndrome; Small Intestinal Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; T-Cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia; Testicular Lymphoma; Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia

  13. Successful bone marrow transplantation reveals the lack of endothelial progenitor cells mobilization in a patient with critical limb ischemia: a case report.

    PubMed

    Cobellis, G; Botti, C; Taddeo, A; Silvestroni, A; Lillo, S; Da Ponte, A; Villa, M L; Sica, V; Della Bella, S

    2010-09-01

    Restoring blood flow to ischemic tissue is a prerequisite for treatment of ischemic diseases. Cell-based therapy based on bone marrow transplantation is a promising option for patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). The efficacy of cell therapies to augment neovascularization seems to involve endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs); however, the mechanisms underlying the efficacy have not been fully elucidated. Herein we have described the case of a young patient with severe CLI, who experienced a 24-month beneficial clinical response to autologous bone marrow transplantation. The exceptional amelioration enabled him to perform standardized maximal treadmill exercise test that demonstrated lack of exercise-induced EPC mobilization, despite adequate stromal-derived factor 1 and vascular endothelial growth factor responses. Therefore, tissue ischemia is not sufficient to promote the recruitment of EPCs that have been demonstrated to be involved in the recovery from ischemia. The local implantation of marrow-derived elements may provide cells and/or trophic factors, which have the capacity to augment angiogenesis, opening new approaches to the etiopathogenesis of the disease. 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Haploidentical bone marrow transplantation in leukemia and genetic diseases.

    PubMed

    Andolina, M; Maximova, N; Rabusin, M; Vujic, D; Bunjevacki, G; Vidali, C; Beorchia, A

    2000-11-01

    From 1986 to June 2000, sixty children suffering from acute and chronic leukemia (n = 42, 33 of which in resistant relapse), genetic diseases (n = 11), aplastic anemia (n = 2, one of which with platelet refractoriness and bleeding), myelodysplasia (n = 5) received an haploidentical bone marrow, mismatched for 2-3 HLA loci. The donor's marrow was treated in vitro with vincristine and methylprednisolone to obtain a functional T depletion (MLC and CTL inhibition, functional blockade of Th1 and Th2). The prevalence of infectious complications and GVHD was similar to that recorded in matched unrelated donor (MUD) transplants. In situations of high risk of rejection (chronic leukemia, genetic diseases) we infused immediately one half of the harvest and then frozen aliquots from the second week. Of the 25 ALL and 8 AML in resistant relapse, 3 survived, disease-free at 14, 8 and 1 years respectively. Of the 3 ALL, transplanted during remission, 1 is surviving at 18 months. Of the 6 CML, 1 had fractionated bone marrow and is surviving at 3 years, and 5 had standard single dose infusion and died of progression of their disease after rejection of the graft (4) or blast crisis after complete engraftment (1). The 2 patients with aplastic anemia, those with myelodysplasia, and 6 of the 10 with genetic disorders died of transplant-related complications or disease progression. 4 patients with osteopetrosis (n = 2), MLD (n = 1), Wiskott Aldrich dis. (n = 1) survive at 8, 2, 5 and 1.5 years respectively. In patients transplanted with fractionated marrow GVHD > 2nd grade occurred in 15%. Only one patient rejected the graft. Compared with MUD transplantation, mismatched BMT whenever performed in patients in good conditions provides similar outcome and widens the donor availability.

  15. Comparison of Outcomes after Transplantation of G-CSF Stimulated Bone Marrow Grafts versus Bone Marrow or Peripheral Blood Grafts from HLA-Matched Sibling Donors for Patients with Severe Aplastic Anemia

    PubMed Central

    Chu, Roland; Brazauskas, Ruta; Kan, Fangyu; Bashey, Asad; Bredeson, Christopher; Camitta, Bruce; Chiang, Kuang-Yueh; Frangoul, Haydar; Gale, Robert Peter; Gee, Adrian; George, Biju; Goldman, Frederick D.; Gross, Thomas G.; Gupta, Vikas; Hale, Gregory A.; Isola, Luis; Ispizua, Alvaro Urbano; Lazarus, Hillard; Marsh, Judith; Russell, James; Sabloff, Mitchell; Waller, Edmund K.; Eapen, Mary

    2010-01-01

    We compared outcomes of patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) who received G-CSF stimulated bone marrow (G-BM) (n=78), unstimulated bone marrow (BM) (n=547), or peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPC) (n=134) from an HLA-matched sibling. Transplantations occurred in 1997–2003. Rates of neutrophil and platelet recovery were not different among the three treatment groups. Grade 2–4 acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (RR 0.82, p=0.539), grade 3–4 acute GVHD (RR 0.74, p=0.535) and chronic GVHD (RR 1.56, p=0.229) were similar after G-BM and BM transplants. Grade 2–4 acute GVHD (RR 2.37, p=0.012) but not grade 3–4 acute GVHD (RR 1.66, p=0.323) and chronic GVHD (RR 5.09, p<0.001) were higher after PBPC transplants compared to G-BM. Grade 2–4 (RR 2.90, p<0.001), grade 3–4 (RR 2.24, p=0.009) acute GVHD and chronic GVHD (RR 3.26, p<0.001) were higher after PBPC transplants compared to BM. Mortality risks were lower after transplantation of BM compared to G-BM (RR 0.63, p=0.05). These data suggest no advantage to using G-BM and the observed higher rates of acute and chronic GVHD in PBPC recipients warrants cautious use of this graft source for SAA. Taken together, BM is the preferred graft for HLA matched sibling transplants for SAA. PMID:21034842

  16. Comparison of outcomes after transplantation of G-CSF-stimulated bone marrow grafts versus bone marrow or peripheral blood grafts from HLA-matched sibling donors for patients with severe aplastic anemia.

    PubMed

    Chu, Roland; Brazauskas, Ruta; Kan, Fangyu; Bashey, Asad; Bredeson, Christopher; Camitta, Bruce; Chiang, Kuang-Yueh; Frangoul, Haydar; Gale, Robert Peter; Gee, Adrian; George, Biju; Goldman, Frederick D; Gross, Thomas G; Gupta, Vikas; Hale, Gregory A; Isola, Luis; Ispizua, Alvaro Urbano; Lazarus, Hillard; Marsh, Judith; Russell, James; Sabloff, Mitchell; Waller, Edmund K; Eapen, Mary

    2011-07-01

    We compared outcomes of patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) who received granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)-stimulated bone marrow (G-BM) (n = 78), unstimulated bone marrow (BM) (n = 547), or peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPC) (n = 134) from an HLA-matched sibling. Transplantations occurred in 1997 to 2003. Rates of neutrophil and platelet recovery were not different among the 3 treatment groups. Grade 2-4 acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) (relative risk [RR] = 0.82, P = .539), grade 3-4 aGVHD (RR = 0.74, P = .535), and chronic GVHD (cGVHD) (RR = 1.56, P = .229) were similar after G-BM and BM transplants. Grade 2-4 aGVHD (RR = 2.37, P = .012) but not grade 3-4 aGVHD (RR = 1.66, P = .323) and cGVHD (RR = 5.09, P < .001) were higher after PBPC transplants compared to G-BM. Grade 2-4 (RR = 2.90, P < .001), grade 3-4 (RR = 2.24, P = .009) aGVHD and cGVHD (RR = 3.26, P < .001) were higher after PBPC transplants compared to BM. Mortality risks were lower after transplantation of BM compared to G-BM (RR = 0.63, P = .05). These data suggest no advantage to using G-BM and the observed higher rates of aGVHD and cGVHD in PBPC recipients warrants cautious use of this graft source for SAA. Taken together, BM is the preferred graft for HLA-matched sibling transplants for SAA.

  17. Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation in HIV-positive patients with hematological disorders: A report from the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR)

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Vikas; Tomblyn, Marcie; Pedersen, Tanya L.; Atkins, Harry L.; Battiwalla, Minoo; Gress, Ronald E.; Pollack, Marilyn S.; Storek, Jan; Thompson, Jill C.; Tiberghien, Pierre; Young, Jo-Anne H.; Ribaud, Patricia; Horowitz, Mary; Keating, Armand

    2010-01-01

    The role of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) in HIV-positive patients is not known. Using the CIBMTR database, we retrospectively evaluated 23 HIV-positive patients undergoing matched sibling (n=19) or unrelated (n=4) donor transplants between 1987 and 2003. The median age at alloHCT was 32 years. Indications for alloHCT were diverse and included malignant (n=21) and non-malignant (n=2) hematologic disorders. Nine patients (39%) were transplanted after 1996, the approximate year highly active anti-retroviral therapy became standard. The median time to neutrophil engraftment was 16 days (range 7–30) and the cumulative incidences of grades II – IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) at 100 days, chronic GVHD and survival at 2 years were 30% (95% C.I. 14-50), 28% (95% C.I. 12-48) and 30% (95% C.I. 14-50), respectively. At a median follow-up of 59 months, 6 patients are alive. Survival appears better among the patients transplanted after 1996: 4 of 9 patients transplanted after 1996 survive compared to 2 of 14 patients transplanted prior to 1996. These data suggest that alloHCT is feasible for selected HIV-positive patients with malignant and non-malignant disorders. Prospective studies are needed in these patients to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this modality in specific diseases. PMID:19539219

  18. Post-5-fluorouracil human marrow: stem cell characteristics and renewal properties after autologous marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Stewart, F M; Temeles, D; Lowry, P; Thraves, T; Grosh, W W; Quesenberry, P J

    1993-05-01

    The effect of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) pretreatment on human bone marrow (BM) progenitor/stem cells and recovery of hematopoiesis after autologous marrow transplant was studied. Twenty-one patients were treated with 5-FU (15 mg/kg to 45 mg/kg) intravenously (IV) for 1 to 3 days administered 6 to 22 days before BM harvest. Post-FU marrow was infused into 15 patients after high-dose cyclophosphamide, carmustine (BCNU), and VP-16 (CBV). Seventeen patients (historical controls) were treated with CBV and autologous BM transplantation but did not receive 5-FU before marrow harvest. The groups were comparable for diagnosis and prior therapy. In the 5-FU-treated group and control group, median recovery times for platelet count to 50,000/mm3 were 20 and 30 days, respectively (P = .007), and for platelet count to 100,000/mm3, 23 and 38 days, respectively (P = .007), while neutrophil recovery was not significantly altered. In vitro cultures with 1 to 7 growth factors (interleukin-1 [IL-1], IL-3, IL-4, IL-6, colony-stimulating factor-1 [CSF-1], granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor [GM-CSF], and G-CSF) were performed. In 8 of 10 patients whose marrow was studied before and after 5-FU treatment, the numbers of CFU-C responsive to the combination of GM-CSF and IL-3 was increased 6.15-fold by 5-FU pretreatment. In 4 of these patients, thymidine suicide of GM-CSF- and IL-3-stimulated CFU-C ranged from 17% to 42%. High proliferative potential colony-forming cell (HPP-CFC) was observed in low frequency in normal marrow and patient's marrow before 5-FU treatment. In 11 of 16 patients pretreated with 5-FU, increased numbers of HPP-CFC were noted. GM-CSF and IL-3 interacted synergistically to stimulate HPP-CFC. Multifactor combinations, especially GM-CSF + G-CSF + IL-3 + IL-6 + IL-1 + CSF-1 did not increase total colony count or classic HPP-CFC but did result in altered morphology, producing huge, loose colonies. The marrow from patients pretreated with 5-FU is enriched with

  19. Treatment of complete spinal cord injury patients by autologous bone marrow cell transplantation and administration of granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor.

    PubMed

    Park, Hyung Chun; Shim, Yoo Shik; Ha, Yoon; Yoon, Seung Hwan; Park, So Ra; Choi, Byung Hyune; Park, Hyun Seon

    2005-01-01

    Transplantation of bone marrow cells into the injured spinal cord has been found to improve neurologic functions in experimental animal studies. However, it is unclear whether bone marrow cells can similarly improve the neurologic functions of complete spinal cord injury (SCI) in human patients. To address this issue, we evaluated the therapeutic effects of autologous bone marrow cell transplantation (BMT) in conjunction with the administration of granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) in six complete SCI patients. BMT in the injury site (1.1 x 10(6) cells/microL in a total of 1.8 mL) and subcutaneous GM-CSF administration were performed on five patients. One patient was treated with GM-CSF only. The follow-up periods were from 6 to 18 months, depending on the patients. Sensory improvements were noted immediately after the operations. Sensory recovery in the sacral segment was noted mainly 3 weeks to 7 months postoperatively. Significant motor improvements were noted 3 to 7 months postoperatively. Four patients showed neurologic improvements in their American Spiral Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) grades (from A to C). One patient improved to AIS grade B from A and the last patient remained in AIS grade A. No immediate worsening of neurologic symptoms was found. Side effects of GMCSF treatment such as a fever (>38 degrees C) and myalgia were noted. Serious complications increasing mortality and morbidity were not found. The follow-up study with magnetic resonance imaging 4-6 months after injury showed slight enhancement within the zone of BMT. Syrinx formation was not definitely found. BMT and GM-CSF administration represent a safe protocol to efficiently manage SCI patients, especially those with acute complete injury. To demonstrate the full therapeutic value of this protocol, long-term and more comprehensive case-control clinical studies are required.

  20. Immunological analysis of a patient with hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation after bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Kowazaki, Yuka; Osawa, Yosuke; Imamura, Jun; Ohashi, Kazuteru; Sakamaki, Hisashi; Kimura, Kiminori

    2015-01-01

    Patients with resolved hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection undergoing chemo- or immunosuppressive therapy are at potential risk for HBV reactivation. To determine whether the host immune response contributes to liver injury, we performed an immunological analysis of a patient with HBV reactivation. Consistent with the detection of HBV DNA in the sera, the number of polyclonal HBV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) gradually increased; however, the number of CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Treg) decreased. The interaction between HBV-specific CTLs and CD4(+)CD25(+) Treg is an important determinant of liver injury during HBV reactivation. Therefore, monitoring the number of these cells might be a useful modality for the diagnosis of acute hepatitis resulting from HBV reactivation.

  1. Diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis after bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Suehiro, T; Masutani, K; Yokoyama, M; Tokumoto, M; Tsuruya, K; Fukuda, K; Kanai, H; Katafuchi, R; Nagatoshi, Y; Hirakata, H

    2002-09-01

    A 15-year-old boy developed nephrotic syndrome and acute renal failure 4 years after allogenic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for lymphoid crisis of chronic myelocytic leukemia. On admission, he presented with clinical features of chronic GVHD including transient exacerbation of cholestatic liver injury. Renal biopsy showed diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis with cellular crescents. The patient was treated with methylprednisolone pulse therapy (1 g/day, for 3 days) followed by oral prednisolone. Renal function gradually improved but nephrotic state was persistent. A second renal biopsy showed improvement of acute tubular necrosis and endocapillary proliferation and transformation of crescents into a fibrous form. After tapering of oral prednisolone, cyclophosphamide was started, which resulted in a gradual improvement of proteinuria. Several cases of nephrotic syndrome occurring after BMT have already been reported, but most cases had membranous nephropathy. In our case, renal biopsy revealed diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis with findings of active cellular immunity, and aggressive treatment resulted in attenuation of these findings. Moreover, chronic GVHD-related liver injury was noted at the time of this episode. Our findings suggest that chronic GVHD may be complicated with diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis through unknown cellular immune mechanism.

  2. Revised diagnosis and severity criteria for sinusoidal obstruction syndrome/veno-occlusive disease in adult patients: a new classification from the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Mohty, M; Malard, F; Abecassis, M; Aerts, E; Alaskar, A S; Aljurf, M; Arat, M; Bader, P; Baron, F; Bazarbachi, A; Blaise, D; Ciceri, F; Corbacioglu, S; Dalle, J-H; Dignan, F; Fukuda, T; Huynh, A; Masszi, T; Michallet, M; Nagler, A; NiChonghaile, M; Okamoto, S; Pagliuca, A; Peters, C; Petersen, F B; Richardson, P G; Ruutu, T; Savani, B N; Wallhult, E; Yakoub-Agha, I; Duarte, R F; Carreras, E

    2016-01-01

    Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome, also known as veno-occlusive disease (SOS/VOD), is a potentially life threatening complication that can develop after hematopoietic cell transplantation. Although SOS/VOD progressively resolves within a few weeks in most patients, the most severe forms result in multi-organ dysfunction and are associated with a high mortality rate (>80%). Therefore, careful attention must be paid to allow an early detection of SOS/VOD, particularly as drugs have now proven to be effective and licensed for its treatment. Unfortunately, current criteria lack sensitivity and specificity, making early identification and severity assessment of SOS/VOD difficult. The aim of this work is to propose a new definition for diagnosis, and a severity-grading system for SOS/VOD in adult patients, on behalf of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. PMID:27183098

  3. Revised diagnosis and severity criteria for sinusoidal obstruction syndrome/veno-occlusive disease in adult patients: a new classification from the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Mohty, M; Malard, F; Abecassis, M; Aerts, E; Alaskar, A S; Aljurf, M; Arat, M; Bader, P; Baron, F; Bazarbachi, A; Blaise, D; Ciceri, F; Corbacioglu, S; Dalle, J-H; Dignan, F; Fukuda, T; Huynh, A; Masszi, T; Michallet, M; Nagler, A; NiChonghaile, M; Okamoto, S; Pagliuca, A; Peters, C; Petersen, F B; Richardson, P G; Ruutu, T; Savani, B N; Wallhult, E; Yakoub-Agha, I; Duarte, R F; Carreras, E

    2016-07-01

    Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome, also known as veno-occlusive disease (SOS/VOD), is a potentially life threatening complication that can develop after hematopoietic cell transplantation. Although SOS/VOD progressively resolves within a few weeks in most patients, the most severe forms result in multi-organ dysfunction and are associated with a high mortality rate (>80%). Therefore, careful attention must be paid to allow an early detection of SOS/VOD, particularly as drugs have now proven to be effective and licensed for its treatment. Unfortunately, current criteria lack sensitivity and specificity, making early identification and severity assessment of SOS/VOD difficult. The aim of this work is to propose a new definition for diagnosis, and a severity-grading system for SOS/VOD in adult patients, on behalf of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

  4. Cell survival kinetics in peripheral blood and bone marrow during total body irradiation for marrow transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Shank, B.; Andreeff, M.; Li, D.

    1983-11-01

    Cell survival kinetics in both peripheral blood and in bone marrow have been studied over the time course of hyperfractionated total body irradiation (TBI) for bone marrow transplantation. Our unique TBI regimen allows the study of the in vivo radiation effect uncomplicated by prior cyclophosphamide, since this agent is given after TBI in our cytoreduction scheme. Peripheral blood cell concentrations were monitored with conventional laboratory cell counts and differentials. Absolute bone marrow cell concentrations were monitored by measuring cell concentrations in an aspirate sample and correcting for dilution with blood by a cell cycle kinetic method using cytofluorometry. For lymphocytes in peripheral blood in patients in remission, the effective D/sub 0/ ranged from 373 rad in 10 children less than or equal to 10 y old, to 536 rad in the four patients between 11 to 17 y old, while n = 1.0 in all groups. There was no trend observed according to age. Granulocytes had a much higher effective D/sub 0/, approximately 1000 rad in vivo. Absolute nucleated cell concentration in marrow dropped slowly initially, due to an increased lymphocyte concentration in marrow during a concurrent drop in lymphocyte concentration in peripheral blood, but eventually fell on the last day of TBI ranging from 7 to 44% of the initial marrow nucleated cell concentration. Marrow myeloid elements, however, dropped continuously throughout the course of TBI.

  5. Opportunistic infections after blood and marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Wingard, J R

    1999-03-01

    Opportunistic infections are major causes of morbidity and mortality following bone marrow transplantation. Technological advances in stem cell procurement, the introduction of hematologic growth factors to speed engraftment, the development of new immunosuppressive regimens to control graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), the development of technology to perform graft engineering with removal of T lymphocytes in toto or subpopulations of T lymphocytes, the use of molecular techniques to optimize donor and recipient matching, advances in blood banking, and development of international donor registries, are among the various factors that have led to tremendous changes in transplant practices. Because of such changes in transplant practices, along with the advent of new antimicrobial agents, and development of infection control measures affecting pathogen exposure, alterations in the interplay between host and potential pathogens have occurred. Shifts in the incidence and types of opportunistic pathogens are taking place. Several historically important infectious syndromes are today well controlled; others have diminished in importance early after transplant but are more problematic at a later time; new emerging pathogens are being recognized due to selection pressures from antimicrobial usage and new hosts, such as recipients of alternate donor allogeneic transplant procedures, with even more profound and prolonged immune suppression. Such shifts and new syndromes pose continuing new challenges to the transplant clinician.

  6. An observational study of autologous bone marrow-derived stem cells transplantation in seven patients with nervous system diseases: a 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Ren, Chao; Geng, Run-lu; Ge, Wei; Liu, Xiao-Yun; Chen, Hao; Wan, Mei-Rong; Geng, De-Qin

    2014-05-01

    Currently, autologous bone marrow-derived stem cell is one of the most innovative areas of stem cells research. Previous studies on animal models of nervous system diseases have shown that these cells have a good effect on nervous system disorders. The alternative treatment with stem cells for the nervous system diseases has also gradually reached to clinical application stage. The prospect is captivating, but the safety and efficacy of this procedure need further research. To observe the clinical efficacy and side effects of the treatment for autologous mesenchymal stem cells and neural stem/progenitor cells which are in differentiated form by inducing with cerebrospinal fluid in the patients with nervous system diseases, thirty patients were selected from our hospital (2009-10 to 2012-07) and were followed at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year and 2 years after the treatment with autologous mesenchymal stem cells and neural stem/progenitor cells in differentiated form was introduced. In this paper, we will introduce the process to make cells accessible for the clinical application by the description of the changes observed in 7 cases were followed for 2 years. The time for bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells could be available for clinical needs is as early as 5 days, not later than 10 days, and the median time is 8 days, while neural stem/progenitor cells in differentiated form can be available for clinical needs in as early as 12 days, not later than 15 days, and the median time is 13.5 days (statistical explanation: Case 5 only uses autologous mesenchymal stem cells, and Case 7 has two times bone marrow punctures). The neurological function of the patients was improved in 1-month follow-up, and the patients have a better discontinuous trend (statistical explanation: sometimes the neurological function of the patients between two adjacent follow-ups does not change significantly). After transplantation, four patients appeared to have transient fever, but it was

  7. Development of insulin allergy after bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Yoshida, N; Okubo, M; Ishiguro, K; Mori, Y

    2012-10-01

    Insulin allergy is a not uncommon condition even though human insulin and insulin analogues are widely used. However, the development of insulin allergy after bone marrow transplantation has not been reported. A 44-year-old Japanese woman had aplastic anaemia and secondary haemochromatosis. She was diagnosed with having diabetes at age 32 years and had been treated with human insulin. At age 34 years, bone marrow transplantation was performed. One year later, a rash and urticaria appeared immediately after insulin injections. Intracutaneous tests were positive for both human insulins and analogues, whereas the test for protamine was negative. Furthermore, an IgE-radioallergosorbent test against insulin was positive. Thus, we diagnosed the patient with having an IgE-mediated type I allergy against insulin. Insulin therapy with insulin aspart, which showed the least skin reaction, was continued and the insulin allergy disappeared in 7 years. This is the first description of insulin allergy after bone marrow transplantation. Our case underscores the effects of bone marrow cells on IgE-mediated type I allergy for insulin. © 2012 The Authors. Diabetic Medicine © 2012 Diabetes UK.

  8. [Autologous bone marrow transplantation as a treatment for autoimmune disease: mechanisms and results].

    PubMed

    Garza-Madrid, Marcos E; Borbolla-Escoboza, José R; López-Hernández, Manuel A

    2004-01-01

    Autoimmune diseases are characterized by immune response against self antigens. One of the current research interests in this field is oriented toward development of tolerance. One of the newest options in the search for tolerance is autologous bone marrow transplantation: a variant of bone marrow transplant in which the patient's own hematopoietic stem cells are reinfused after myeloablative therapy. The idea of using bone marrow transplant in treatment of autoimmune diseases derived from observing remission in autoimmune diseases in patients transplanted due to coexisting neoplastic disease. Although an isolated initial report of bone marrow transplant as treatment for autoimmune disease questioned the utility of this procedure, over all, results are encouraging. To compile information in a programmed and systematic manner, it is necessary to send more patients in all stages of immune diseases to specialized centers to be included in large multicenter randomized trials. In time, the role for this procedure in autoimmune diseases will become clear.

  9. Ultrasound imaging as the basis of a clinical diagnosis of systemic bartonellosis in a patient after bone marrow transplantation. A case report

    PubMed Central

    Goździk, Jolanta; Woźniak, Magdalena; Czogała, Wojciech

    2016-01-01

    Infections in immunocompromised patients after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation can have a severe and atypical course. Some opportunistic pathogens are difficult to detect in microbiological tests, and that is why treatment success depends on an accurate clinical diagnosis. This article presents a case of a 7-year-old girl with severe aplastic anemia treated with bone marrow transplantation with post-transplantation period complicated by persistent, hectic fever, with peak episodes of 39–40°C, lasting several weeks. Repeated microbiological tests failed to reveal the etiological agent, and empirical anti-infective treatment was ineffective. In the fourth week of fever, imaging showed multiple foci resembling abscesses in the patient's internal organs and, subsequently, in soft tissues. The characteristics of these changes and data concerning environmental exposure led to the clinical diagnosis of cat scratch disease (bartonellosis) with multi-organ involvement and enabled the targeted treatment to be implemented. Fever subsided and organ lesions regressed. In this case, repeated ultrasound imaging was the basic diagnostic tool that helped arrive at a correct diagnosis and implement effective treatment of this life-threatening complication after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. PMID:27446604

  10. Ultrasound imaging as the basis of a clinical diagnosis of systemic bartonellosis in a patient after bone marrow transplantation. A case report.

    PubMed

    Krasowska-Kwiecień, Aleksandra; Goździk, Jolanta; Woźniak, Magdalena; Czogała, Wojciech

    2016-06-01

    Infections in immunocompromised patients after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation can have a severe and atypical course. Some opportunistic pathogens are difficult to detect in microbiological tests, and that is why treatment success depends on an accurate clinical diagnosis. This article presents a case of a 7-year-old girl with severe aplastic anemia treated with bone marrow transplantation with post-transplantation period complicated by persistent, hectic fever, with peak episodes of 39-40°C, lasting several weeks. Repeated microbiological tests failed to reveal the etiological agent, and empirical anti-infective treatment was ineffective. In the fourth week of fever, imaging showed multiple foci resembling abscesses in the patient's internal organs and, subsequently, in soft tissues. The characteristics of these changes and data concerning environmental exposure led to the clinical diagnosis of cat scratch disease (bartonellosis) with multi-organ involvement and enabled the targeted treatment to be implemented. Fever subsided and organ lesions regressed. In this case, repeated ultrasound imaging was the basic diagnostic tool that helped arrive at a correct diagnosis and implement effective treatment of this life-threatening complication after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

  11. Successful pregnancy and delivery via in vitro fertilization with cryopreserved and thawed embryo transfer in an acute myeloid leukemia patient after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Nakajima, Yuki; Kuwabara, Hideyuki; Kishimoto, Kumiko; Numata, Ayumi; Motohashi, Kenji; Tachibana, Takayoshi; Tanaka, Masatsugu; Yamashita, Naoki; Ishigatsubo, Yoshiaki; Fujisawa, Shin

    2015-04-01

    As the number of young long-term survivors of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for acute leukemia continues to increase, post-transplant infertility is becoming a significant concern. HSCT, particularly with cyclophosphamide and total body irradiation conditioning, is known to cause secondary premature ovarian failure, resulting in infertility. To preserve post-transplant fertility, several methods have been proposed, including in vitro fertilization (IVF) with embryo cryopreservation. Due to the aggressiveness of acute leukemia, however, patients have little chance to undergo egg harvesting and IVF before they must begin receiving chemotherapy. To the best of our knowledge, there have been no detailed reports of successful pregnancy after HSCT using IVF with embryo cryopreservation and transfer in a patient with acute myeloid leukemia. Here, we report the case of a 42-year-old woman with acute myeloid leukemia who became pregnant 2 years and 2 months after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation via IVF-embryo transfer with an egg collected after induction therapy and delivered a full-term healthy infant.

  12. Single-Agent Post-Transplantation Cyclophosphamide as Graft-versus-Host Disease Prophylaxis after Human Leukocyte Antigen-Matched Related Bone Marrow Transplantation for Pediatric and Young Adult Patients with Hematologic Malignancies.

    PubMed

    Jacoby, Elad; Chen, Allen; Loeb, David M; Gamper, Christopher J; Zambidis, Elias; Llosa, Nicolas J; Huo, Jeffrey; Cooke, Kenneth R; Jones, Rick; Fuchs, Ephraim; Luznik, Leo; Symons, Heather J

    2016-01-01

    High-dose cyclophosphamide given after HLA-matched related and unrelated allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for patients with hematologic malignancies is effective single-agent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis in adults. Data describing outcomes for pediatric and young adult patients have not been reported. Between the years 2007 and 2013, 29 pediatric and young adult patients ages ≤21 years of age treated at our institution for high-risk hematologic malignancies underwent myeloablative HLA-matched related T cell-replete BMT. Eleven patients received post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy) as single-agent GVHD prophylaxis and were followed prospectively. Eighteen patients received calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)-based standard GVHD prophylaxis and were studied retrospectively as a control group. No acute GVHD (aGVHD) developed in patients receiving PTCy, whereas patients receiving CNI-based GVHD prophylaxis had cumulative incidences of grades II to IV and grades III and IV aGVHD of 27% and 5%, respectively. No patients receiving PTCy developed chronic GHVD, compared to 1 in the control group. Two-year overall survival was similar between the 2 groups (54% PTCy versus 58% CNI-based prophylaxis), as was event-free survival (42% PTCy versus 47% CNI-based). The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse was 58% for PTCy and 42% for CNI-based GVHD prophylaxis (P = .45). These results suggest that PTCy is a safe and efficacious method of GVHD prophylaxis after an HLA-matched related BMT in the pediatric and young adult population that affords patients to be off all post-transplantation immunosuppression on day +5. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. All rights reserved.

  13. Combined Bone Marrow and Kidney Transplantation for the Induction of Specific Tolerance

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Yi-Bin; Kawai, Tatsuo; Spitzer, Thomas R.

    2016-01-01

    The induction of specific tolerance, in order to avoid the detrimental effects of lifelong systemic immunosuppressive therapy after organ transplantation, has been considered the “Holy Grail” of transplantation. Experimentally, tolerance has been achieved through clonal deletion, through costimulatory blockade, through the induction or infusion of regulatory T-cells, and through the establishment of hematopoietic chimerism following donor bone marrow transplantation. The focus of this review is how tolerance has been achieved following combined bone marrow and kidney transplantation. Preclinical models of combined bone marrow and kidney transplantation have shown that tolerance can be achieved through either transient or sustained hematopoietic chimerism. Combined transplants for patients with multiple myeloma have shown that organ tolerance and prolonged disease remissions can be accomplished with such an approach. Similarly, multiple clinical strategies for achieving tolerance in patients without an underlying malignancy have been described, in the context of either transient or durable mixed chimerism or sustained full donor hematopoiesis. To expand the chimerism approach to deceased donor transplants, a delayed tolerance approach, which will involve organ transplantation with conventional immunosuppression followed months later by bone marrow transplantation, has been successful in a primate model. As combined bone marrow and organ transplantation become safer and increasingly successful, the achievement of specific tolerance may become more widely applicable. PMID:27239198

  14. Use of gene marking in bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Heslop, H E; Rooney, C M; Rill, D R; Krance, R A; Brenner, M K

    1996-01-01

    We have used gene marking to investigate the mechanism of relapse and biology of reconstitution following bone marrow transplantation (BMT). The rationale for our initial protocols was to learn if residual malignant cells in autologous marrow contribute to subsequent relapse. Marked malignant cells were found at the time of relapse in 6/8 patients relapsing after autologous BMT for AML or neuroblastoma showing the infused marrow contributed to disease recurrence. Modifications of this marker approach with two distinguishable vectors are now being used to compare the efficacy of purging techniques. We were also able to evaluate gene transfer to normal progenitors and demonstrated that the marker gene was expressed for up to 36 months. Gene marking is also being used to trace the fate of EBV-specific CTLs that we are administering to recipients of allogeneic BMT and has provided evidence of persistence of adoptively transferred CTL for up to 10 months.

  15. Mouse Models of Bone Marrow Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Reddy, Pavan; Negrin, Robert; Hill, Geoffrey R.

    2010-01-01

    Over the last 50 years, mouse models of bone marrow transplantation have provided the critical links between graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) pathophysiology and clinical practice. The initial insight from mouse models that GVHD and GVL were T cell dependent has long been confirmed clinically. More recent translations from mouse models have included the important role of inflammatory cytokines in GVHD. Newly developed concepts relating to the ability of antigen presenting cell (APC) and T cell subsets to mediate GVHD now promise significant clinical advances. The ability to use knockout and transgenic approaches to dissect mechanisms of GVHD and GVL mean that mouse systems will continue as the predominant preclinical platform. The basic transplant approach in these models, coupled with modern “real-time” immunologic imaging of GVHD and GVL is discussed. PMID:18162233

  16. Outcomes of touch therapies during bone marrow transplant.

    PubMed

    Smith, Marlaine C; Reeder, Francelyn; Daniel, Linda; Baramee, Julaluk; Hagman, Jan

    2003-01-01

    The integration of complementary modalities into mainstream healthcare is gaining increasing emphasis. It is important, therefore, to document the effects of these interventions on patient outcomes. To investigate the effects of Therapeutic Touch and massage therapy on the outcomes of engraftment time, complications, and perceived benefits of therapy during bone marrow transplant. Randomized clinical trial. Subjects were adult patients on the bone marrow transplant unit of a large urban tertiary care center. Subjects were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatment groups: Therapeutic Touch (TT), massage therapy (MT), and a control group called the friendly visit (FV). Subjects (N = 88) were stratified by type of transplant (allogeneic or autologous). Twenty-seven subjects received MT; 31 received TT; and 30 received FV. Nurses with expertise in the 2 touch therapies administered them. The interventions of MT, TT, and FV were administered according to standarized protocols every third day beginning the day chemotherapy began until discharge from the program. Time for engraftment, complications, and patient perceptions of benefits of therapy were the main outcome measures. Analysis of variance and analysis of covariance were used to determine significant differences among the 3 groups with respect to time of engraftment. A significantly lower score for central nervous system or neurological complications was noted for subjects who received MT comppared with the control group; however, no differences were found among the 3 groups with respect to the other 10 complication categories or in the total mean score for complications. Patients' perception of the benefits of therapy (total score) was significantly higher for those who received MT compared with the FV control group. The mean scores on the comfort subscale were significantly higher for patients receiving both MT and TT compared with the FV control group. Massage therapy may be effective in altering the psychological

  17. Infections and immunodeficiency in bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Tutschka, P J

    1988-05-01

    After allogeneic bone marrow transplantation certain patterns of infectious complications emerge that follow the clinical course, are correlated to the immunobiology of transplantation and are almost predictable in their character and expression. The preparative regimen, designed to generate complete aplasia, will be associated with severe and sometimes life-threatening bacterial infections, predominantly with Gram-negative organisms derived from bowel flora, but also Gram-positive skin saprophytes. In this early aplastic phase, life-threatening viral infections are less common, consisting mainly of herpes simplex and possibly Epstein-Barr stomatitis and BK papovavirus cystitis. Systemic infections with invasive filamentous fungi are rare and are seen only when the induced aplasia is markedly prolonged. Once early marrow recovery has been achieved, systemic infections will generally disappear unless acute graft-vs.-host disease develops. This complication, which will lead to the breakdown of natural barriers such as skin and gastrointestinal epithelium and the marked impairment of all systemic defense mechanisms, can cause polymicrobial infections as well as set the stage for life-threatening viral infections. Such opportunistic viral infections, leading to either interstitial pneumonia or hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, are the major threat in the early recovery phase after engraftment has taken place. Usually caused by cytomegalovirus and rotavirus, respectively, these infections are the primary expression of the severe combined immunodeficiency post transplant, statistically associated with the presence of acute graft-vs.-host disease and amenable to immunologic manipulations. With the recovery of cellular and humoral immune function derived from transplanted donor lymphoid cells, the third phase of infectious complications is reached, covering 3 months to 2 years post grafting.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  18. Comparison of transplant outcomes from matched sibling bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell and unrelated cord blood in patients 50 years or older.

    PubMed

    Konuma, Takaaki; Tsukada, Nobuhiro; Kanda, Junya; Uchida, Naoyuki; Ohno, Yuju; Miyakoshi, Shigesaburo; Kanamori, Heiwa; Hidaka, Michihiro; Sakura, Toru; Onizuka, Makoto; Kobayashi, Naoki; Sawa, Masashi; Eto, Tetsuya; Matsuhashi, Yoshiko; Kato, Koji; Ichinohe, Tatsuo; Atsuta, Yoshiko; Miyamura, Koichi

    2016-05-01

    Older recipient and donor age were associated with higher incidences of severe graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from matched sibling donors (MSDs) and matched unrelated donors. Since a lower incidence of severe GVHD is advantageous in unrelated cord blood transplantation (CBT), a higher incidence of GVHD using older MSDs could be overcome using cord blood for older patients. We retrospectively analyzed Japanese registration data of 2,091 patients with acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and myelodysplastic syndrome aged 50 years or older who underwent MSD bone marrow transplantation (BMT) (n = 319), MSD peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) (n = 462), or unrelated CBT (n = 1,310) between 2007 and 2012. Median age of MSD was 56 (range, 38-74) years. Compared with CBT, the risk of developing extensive chronic GVHD was higher after BMT (hazard ratio [HR], 2.00; P = 0.001) or PBSCT (HR, 2.38; P < 0.001), and transplant-related mortality was lower after BMT (HR, 0.61; P < 0.001) or PBSCT (HR, 0.63; P < 0.001). Relapse rates were not significant difference between three groups. Although overall mortality was lower after BMT (HR, 0.67; P < 0.001) or PBSCT (HR, 0.75; P = 0.002) compared with CBT, the rates of a composite endpoint of GVHD-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS) were not significant difference between three groups. These data showed that MSDs remain the best donor source for older patients, but CBT led to similar GRFS to BMT and PBSCT.

  19. Cyclophosphamide conditioning in patients with severe aplastic anaemia given unrelated marrow transplantation: a phase 1-2 dose de-escalation study.

    PubMed

    Anderlini, Paolo; Wu, Juan; Gersten, Iris; Ewell, Marian; Tolar, Jakob; Antin, Joseph H; Adams, Roberta; Arai, Sally; Eames, Gretchen; Horwitz, Mitchell E; McCarty, John; Nakamura, Ryotaro; Pulsipher, Michael A; Rowley, Scott; Leifer, Eric; Carter, Shelly L; DiFronzo, Nancy L; Horowitz, Mary M; Confer, Dennis; Deeg, H Joachim; Eapen, Mary

    2015-09-01

    The optimum preparative regimen for unrelated donor marrow transplantation in patients with severe aplastic anaemia remains to be established. We investigated whether the combination of fludarabine, anti-thymocyte globulin, and total body irradiation (TBI) would enable reduction of the cyclophosphamide dose to less than 200 mg/kg while maintaining engraftment and having a survival similar to or better than that with standard regimens using a cyclophosphamide dose of 200 mg/kg (known to be associated with significant organ toxicity) for unrelated donor transplantation for severe aplastic anaemia. We have previously shown that cyclophosphamide at 150 mg/kg resulted in excess toxicity and its omission (0 mg/kg) resulted in unacceptable graft failure (three of three patients had secondary graft failure). Here we report results for the 50 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg cohorts. In a multicentre phase 1-2 study, patients (aged ≤65 years) with severe aplastic anaemia, adequate organ function, and an unrelated adult marrow donor HLA matched at the allele level for HLA A, B, C, and DRB1 or mismatched at a single HLA locus received bone marrow grafts from unrelated donors. All patients received anti-thymocyte globulin (rabbit derived 3 mg/kg per day, intravenously, on days -4 to -2, or equine derived 30 mg/kg per day, intravenously, on days -4 to -2), fludarabine (30 mg/m(2) per day, intravenously, on days -5 to -2), and TBI (2 Gy). Cyclophosphamide dosing started at 150 mg/kg and was de-escalated in steps of 50 mg/kg (to 100 mg/kg, 50 mg/kg, and 0 mg/kg). The primary endpoint was the selection of the optimum cyclophosphamide dose based on assessments of graft failure (primary or secondary), toxicity, and early death during 100 days of follow-up after the transplant; this is the planned final analysis for the primary endpoint. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00326417. 96 patients had bone marrow transplant. At day 100, 35 (92%) of 38 patients were

  20. Overcoming psychosocial and developmental barriers to blood and marrow transplantation (BMT) in an adolescent/young adult (AYA) transgender patient with chronic myelogenous leukemia.

    PubMed

    Khazal, Sajad; Abdel-Azim, Hisham; Kapoor, Neena; Mahadeo, Kris M

    2014-11-01

    Adolescents/young adults (AYAs) afflicted with cancer face unique barriers to potentially standard curative therapies, such as blood and marrow transplantation (BMT). Transgender AYAs face additional barriers and there is a dearth of published literature regarding their oncology-related experience. We present the case of an AYA male-to-female (MTF) transgender patient on cross-sex hormone therapy, with a history of Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) and significant psychosocial barriers, which initially served as a barrier to BMT at two different centers; we modified our standard consent and education process and was able to successfully proceed with BMT and subsequently cure her CML. Despite unique challenges, AYA and transgender patients with significant psychosocial barriers may achieve successful outcomes with BMT. Research is needed regarding guidelines for cross-sex hormone therapy administration for patients undergoing BMT and other issues, which may be unique to the transgender experience.

  1. [Varicella zoster virus infection after bone marrow transplant. Unusual presentation and importance of prevention].

    PubMed

    Ladrière, M; Bibes, B; Rabaud, C; Delaby, P; May, T; Canton, P

    Leukemeia and lymphoproliferative disease are associated with a high risk of varicela-zoster virus (VZV) infection. Although infrequent, visceral involvement can be fatal. We report two cases of patients presenting severe VZV infection after bone marrow transplantation. The first patient was a 42-year old man who received an allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for chronic myelogenous leukemia. A severe graft-versus-host reaction occurred. Three months after discontinuing VZV prophylaxis, VZV transverse myelitis was diagnosed, leading to death despite prompt treatment with acyclovir. The second patient was a 42-year-old woman treated with autologous bone marrow transplantation for lymphoma. She developed acute viral pancreatitis one month after discontinuing VZV prophylaxis. Recovery was achieved with intravenous treatment. These two cases illustrate the potential gravity of VZV infection after bone marrow transplantation. These observations point to the need for revisiting the duration of VZV prophylaxis.

  2. Future of bone marrow transplantation in oncology

    SciTech Connect

    Fefer, A.

    1982-05-01

    The editorial presents an assessment of the current status of bone marrow transportation (BMT) for treatment of leukemia and the problems that must be resolved to render the approach more widely applicable. Studies are in progress which may show that the patient's autologous bone marrow, cryopreserved when it has no detectable tumor and reinfused after supralethal chemoradiotherapy, is associated with long-term, tumor-free survival. Effective chemoradiotherapy regimens may be identified from studies of twin BMT and the potential problem of tumor contamination of infused autologous marrow resolved by using monoclonal antibodies directed to tumor cells. Solving the problems associated with syngeneic, allogenic or autologous BMT may make it possible to use BMT for patients with nonhematologic malignancies sensitive to high doses of chemoradiotherapy. (JMT)

  3. Patient and healthcare perspectives on the importance and efficacy of addressing spiritual issues within an interdisciplinary bone marrow transplant clinic: a qualitative study.

    PubMed

    Sinclair, Shane; McConnell, Shelagh; Raffin Bouchal, Shelley; Ager, Naree; Booker, Reanne; Enns, Bert; Fung, Tak

    2015-11-27

    The purpose of this study was to use a qualitative approach to better understand the importance and efficacy of addressing spiritual issues within an interdisciplinary bone marrow transplant clinic from the perspectives of patients and healthcare providers. Participants were recruited from the bone marrow transplant clinic of a large urban outpatient cancer care centre in western Canada. Focus groups were conducted with patients (n=7) and healthcare providers (n=9) to explore the importance of addressing spiritual issues across the treatment trajectory and to identify factors associated with effectively addressing these needs. Data were analysed using the qualitative approach of latent content analysis. Addressing spiritual issues was understood by patients and healthcare providers, as a core, yet under addressed, component of comprehensive care. Both sets of participants felt that addressing basic spiritual issues was the responsibility of all members of the interdisciplinary team, while recognising the need for specialised and embedded support from a spiritual care professional. While healthcare providers felt that the impact of the illness and treatment had a negative effect on patients' spiritual well-being, patients felt the opposite. Skills, challenges, key time points and clinical indicators associated with addressing spiritual issues were identified. Despite a number of conceptual and clinical challenges associated with addressing spiritual issues patients and their healthcare providers emphasised the importance of an integrated approach whereby basic spiritual issues are addressed by members of the interdisciplinary team and by an embedded spiritual care professional, who in addition also provides specialised support. The identification of clinical issues associated with addressing spiritual needs provides healthcare providers with clinical guidance on how to better integrate this aspect of care into their clinical practice, while also identifying acute

  4. Patient and healthcare perspectives on the importance and efficacy of addressing spiritual issues within an interdisciplinary bone marrow transplant clinic: a qualitative study

    PubMed Central

    Sinclair, Shane; McConnell, Shelagh; Raffin Bouchal, Shelley; Ager, Naree; Booker, Reanne; Enns, Bert; Fung, Tak

    2015-01-01

    Objectives The purpose of this study was to use a qualitative approach to better understand the importance and efficacy of addressing spiritual issues within an interdisciplinary bone marrow transplant clinic from the perspectives of patients and healthcare providers. Setting Participants were recruited from the bone marrow transplant clinic of a large urban outpatient cancer care centre in western Canada. Participants: Focus groups were conducted with patients (n=7) and healthcare providers (n=9) to explore the importance of addressing spiritual issues across the treatment trajectory and to identify factors associated with effectively addressing these needs. Results Data were analysed using the qualitative approach of latent content analysis. Addressing spiritual issues was understood by patients and healthcare providers, as a core, yet under addressed, component of comprehensive care. Both sets of participants felt that addressing basic spiritual issues was the responsibility of all members of the interdisciplinary team, while recognising the need for specialised and embedded support from a spiritual care professional. While healthcare providers felt that the impact of the illness and treatment had a negative effect on patients’ spiritual well-being, patients felt the opposite. Skills, challenges, key time points and clinical indicators associated with addressing spiritual issues were identified. Conclusions Despite a number of conceptual and clinical challenges associated with addressing spiritual issues patients and their healthcare providers emphasised the importance of an integrated approach whereby basic spiritual issues are addressed by members of the interdisciplinary team and by an embedded spiritual care professional, who in addition also provides specialised support. The identification of clinical issues associated with addressing spiritual needs provides healthcare providers with clinical guidance on how to better integrate this aspect of care into

  5. Late effects of blood and marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Inamoto, Yoshihiro; Lee, Stephanie J

    2017-04-01

    Hematopoietic cell transplantation is a curative treatment for a variety of hematologic diseases. Advances in transplantation technology have reduced early transplant-related mortality and expanded application of transplantation to older patients and to a wider variety of diseases. Management of late effects after transplantation is increasingly important for a growing number of long-term survivors that is estimated to be half a million worldwide. Many studies have shown that transplant survivors suffer from significant late effects that adversely affect morbidity, mortality, working status and quality of life. Late effects include diseases of the cardiovascular, pulmonary, and endocrine systems, dysfunction of the thyroid gland, gonads, liver and kidneys, infertility, iron overload, bone diseases, infection, solid cancer, and neuropsychological effects. The leading causes of late mortality include recurrent malignancy, lung diseases, infection, secondary cancers and chronic graft-versus-host disease. The aim of this review is to facilitate better care of adult transplant survivors by summarizing accumulated evidence, new insights, and practical information about individual late effects. Further research is needed to understand the biology of late effects allowing better prevention and treatment strategies to be developed.

  6. Comparative efficacy of patient-controlled administration of morphine, hydromorphone, or sufentanil for the treatment of oral mucositis pain following bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Coda, B A; O'Sullivan, B; Donaldson, G; Bohl, S; Chapman, C R; Shen, D D

    1997-09-01

    A total of 119 bone marrow transplant patients suffering from oral mucositis pain were enrolled in a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group trial comparing the efficacy of patient-controlled analgesia with morphine, hydromorphone and sufentanil. Patient ratings of pain and side-effects on visual analog scales were gathered daily from the start of patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) therapy until the discontinuation of opioid treatment either because of resolution of oral mucositis pain, intolerable side-effects, inadequate pain control, or complications related to transplantation. Of the 119 enrolled subjects, 100 met the evaluable criteria of developing oral mucositis and remaining on the study for at least 2 days. Multivariate analysis of the outcome measures indicated that the analgesia achieved in all three opioid groups was nearly equivalent, while measures of side-effects, especially for the combination of sedation, sleep and mood disturbances, were statistically lower in the morphine group than in hydromorphone or sufentanil groups. Patients in the hydromorphone group exhibited the most variability in pain control. Event analysis also indicated significant differences in time to treatment failure between the three groups, with the morphine arm exhibiting clear superiority. The proportion of patients discontinued because of inadequate pain relief was much higher in the sufentanil group (7/36) as compared to the hydromorphone (0/34) or the morphine group (1/30). The daily opioid consumption pattern showed a continual dose escalation during the first week of therapy for all groups, coincident with worsening mucositis. Morphine consumption reached a plateau by day 5, whereas hydromorphone and sufentanil consumption continued to rise until days 7 and 9, respectively. Sufentanil dose requirement increased by approximately 10-fold compared to morphine and hydromorphone, whose requirements increased only 5-fold, suggesting the possibility of development of acute

  7. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation in patients with atypical chronic myeloid leukaemia: a retrospective study from the Chronic Malignancies Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Onida, Francesco; de Wreede, Liesbeth C; van Biezen, Anja; Eikema, Diderik-Jan; Byrne, Jenny L; Iori, Anna P; Schots, Rik; Jungova, Alexandra; Schetelig, Johannes; Finke, Jürgen; Veelken, Hendrik; Johansson, Jan-Erik; Craddock, Charles; Stelljes, Matthias; Theobald, Matthias; Holler, Ernst; Schanz, Urs; Schaap, Nicolaas; Bittenbring, Jörg; Olavarria, Eduardo; Chalandon, Yves; Kröger, Nicolaus

    2017-06-01

    Atypical chronic myeloid leukaemia (aCML) is an aggressive malignancy for which allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) represents the only curative option. We describe transplant outcomes in 42 patients reported to the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) registry who underwent allo-HSCT for aCML between 1997 and 2006. Median age was 46 years. Median time from diagnosis to transplant was 7 months. Disease status was first chronic phase in 69%. Donors were human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-identical siblings in 64% and matched unrelated (MUD) in 36%. A reduced intensity conditioning was employed in 24% of patients. T-cell depletion was applied in 87% and 26% of transplants from MUD and HLA-identical siblings, respectively. According to the EBMT risk-score, 45% of patients were 'low-risk', 31% 'intermediate-risk' and 24% 'high-risk'. Following allo-HSCT, 87% of patients achieved complete remission. At 5 years, relapse-free survival was 36% and non-relapse mortality (NRM) was 24%, while relapse occurred in 40%. Patient age and the EBMT score had an impact on overall survival. Relapse-free survival was higher in MUD than in HLA-identical sibling HSCT, with no difference in NRM. In conclusion, this study confirmed that allo-HSCT represents a valid strategy to achieve cure in a reasonable proportion of patients with aCML, with young patients with low EBMT risk score being the best candidates. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  8. Long-Term Outcomes of Cord Blood Transplantation from an HLA-Identical Sibling for Patients with Bone Marrow Failure Disorders: A Report From Eurocord, Cord Blood Committee and Severe Aplastic Anemia Working Party of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Pagliuca, Simona; Peffault de Latour, Régis; Volt, Fernanda; Locatelli, Franco; Zecca, Marco; Dalle, Jean-Hugues; Comoli, Patrizia; Vettenranta, Kim; Diaz, Miguel Angel; Reuven, Or; Bertrand, Yves; Diaz de Heredia, Cristina; Nagler, Arnon; Ghavamzadeh, Ardeshir; Sufliarska, Sabina; Lawson, Sarah; Kenzey, Chantal; Rocha, Vanderson; Dufour, Carlo; Gluckman, Eliane; Passweg, Jakob; Ruggeri, Annalisa

    2017-08-07

    Cord blood transplantation (CBT) from HLA-identical siblings is an attractive option for patients with bone marrow failure (BMF) syndrome because of the low risk of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and the absence of risk to the donor. We analyzed outcomes of 117 patients with inherited or acquired BMF syndrome who received CBT from a related HLA-identical donor in European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation centers between 1988 and 2014. Ninety-seven patients had inherited and 20 patients acquired BMF syndrome. Eighty-two patients received a single cord blood (CB) unit, whereas 35 patients received a combination of CB and bone marrow cells from the same donor. Median age at CBT was 6.7 years, and median follow-up was 86.7 months. The cumulative incidence function (CIF) of neutrophil recovery was 88.8% (95% CI, 83.1% to 94.9%), 100-day CIF of grades II to IV acute GVHD was 15.2%, and 7-year CIF of chronic GVHD was 14.5%. Overall survival at 7 years was 87.9% (95% CI, 80.8% to 92.6%), 89% for inherited and 81% for acquired BMF syndromes (P = .66). Results of this study are consistent with outcomes of bone marrow transplantation shown by previous series in the same setting and indicate that in pediatric patients with BMF syndrome, CBT from an HLA-identical sibling donor is associated with excellent long-term outcomes and that collection of CB unit at birth of a new sibling is strongly recommended. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  9. Multiorgan WU Polyomavirus Infection in Bone Marrow Transplant Recipient.

    PubMed

    Siebrasse, Erica A; Nguyen, Nang L; Willby, Melisa J; Erdman, Dean D; Menegus, Marilyn A; Wang, David

    2016-01-01

    WU polyomavirus (WUPyV) was detected in a bone marrow transplant recipient with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome who died in 2001. Crystalline lattices of polyomavirus-like particles were observed in the patient's lung by electron microscopy. WUPyV was detected in the lung and other tissues by real-time quantitative PCR and identified in the lung and trachea by immunohistochemistry. A subset of WUPyV-positive cells in the lung had morphologic features of macrophages. Although the role of WUPyV as a human pathogen remains unclear, these results clearly demonstrate evidence for infection of respiratory tract tissues in this patient.

  10. Comparison of neointimal hyperplasia with drug-eluting stents versus bare metal stents in patients undergoing intracoronary bone-marrow mononuclear cell transplantation following acute myocardial infarction.

    PubMed

    Villa, Adolfo; Arnold, Roman; Sánchez, Pedro L; Gimeno, Federico; Ramos, Benigno; Cantero, Teresa; Fernández, Maria Eugenia; Sanz, Ricardo; Gutiérrez, Oliver; Mota, Pedro; García-Frade, Javier; San Román, José Alberto; Fernández-Avilés, Francisco

    2009-06-15

    The aims of this study were to assess the safety of drug-eluting stent (DES) use and to compare the incidence of in-stent restenosis (ISR) and neointimal hyperplasia formation according to the type of stent implanted (DES vs bare-metal stents [BMS]) in patients who underwent intracoronary bone marrow mononuclear cell transplantation after acute ST elevation myocardial infarction. Fifty-nine patients with successfully revascularized ST elevation myocardial infarction (37 using BMS and 22 using DES) underwent paired angiographic examinations at baseline and 6 to 9 months after the intracoronary injection of 91 million +/- 56 million autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells. A subgroup of 30 patients also underwent serial intravascular ultrasound examinations. Off-line angiographic assessment showed 4 cases of binary ISR, primarily in BMS (3 cases), and no major adverse cardiac events were associated with stent type (mean follow-up period 41 +/- 10 months). At follow-up, angiographic late luminal loss was significantly lower in patients with DES than in those patients with BMS (0.35 +/- 0.66 vs 0.71 +/- 0.38 mm, p = 0.011). Multivariate analysis identified the use of DES (beta = -0.32, 95% confidence interval [CI] -0.57 to -0.26, p = 0.03) and a smaller baseline reference vessel diameter (beta = 0.29, 95% CI 0.04 to 0.54, p = 0.02) as independent predictors of lower late loss. Moreover, intravascular ultrasound showed a significant reduction of in-stent neointimal hyperplasia formation related to DES use compared with BMS use (Delta neointimal hyperplasia volume 5.4 mm(3) [95% CI 2.7 to 28.1] vs 35.9 mm(3) [95% CI 22.0 to 43.6], p = 0.035). In conclusion, these findings suggest that the use of DES is safe and may prevent ISR and neointimal hyperplasia formation in patients who undergo intracoronary bone marrow mononuclear cell transplantation after a successfully revascularized ST elevation myocardial infarction.

  11. Bone Marrow Transplantation for Recessive Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa

    PubMed Central

    Wagner, John E.; Ishida-Yamamoto, Akemi; McGrath, John A.; Hordinsky, Maria; Keene, Douglas R.; Riddle, Megan J.; Osborn, Mark J.; Lund, Troy; Dolan, Michelle; Blazar, Bruce R.; Tolar, Jakub

    2010-01-01

    Background Recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa is an incurable, often fatal mucocutaneous blistering disease caused by mutations in COL7A1, the gene encoding type VII collagen (C7). On the basis of preclinical data showing biochemical correction and prolonged survival in col7−/− mice, we hypothesized that allogeneic marrow contains stem cells capable of ameliorating the manifestations of recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa in humans. Methods Between October 2007 and August 2009, we treated seven children who had recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa with immunomyeloablative chemotherapy and allogeneic stem-cell transplantation. We assessed C7 expression by means of immunofluorescence staining and used transmission electron microscopy to visualize anchoring fibrils. We measured chimerism by means of competitive polymerase-chain-reaction assay, and documented blister formation and wound healing with the use of digital photography. Results One patient died of cardiomyopathy before transplantation. Of the remaining six patients, one had severe regimen-related cutaneous toxicity, with all having improved wound healing and a reduction in blister formation between 30 and 130 days after transplantation. We observed increased C7 deposition at the dermal–epidermal junction in five of the six recipients, albeit without normalization of anchoring fibrils. Five recipients were alive 130 to 799 days after transplantation; one died at 183 days as a consequence of graft rejection and infection. The six recipients had substantial proportions of donor cells in the skin, and none had detectable anti-C7 antibodies. Conclusions Increased C7 deposition and a sustained presence of donor cells were found in the skin of children with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Further studies are needed to assess the long-term risks and benefits of such therapy in patients with this disorder. (Funded by the National

  12. Image-Guided Total-Marrow Irradiation Using Helical Tomotherapy in Patients With Multiple Myeloma and Acute Leukemia Undergoing Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Wong, Jeffrey Y.C. Rosenthal, Joseph; Liu An; Schultheiss, Timothy; Forman, Stephen; Somlo, George

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: Total-body irradiation (TBI) has an important role in patients undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), but is associated with significant toxicities. Targeted TBI using helical tomotherapy results in reduced doses to normal organs, which predicts for reduced toxicities compared with standard TBI. Methods and Materials: Thirteen patients with multiple myeloma were treated in an autologous tandem transplantation Phase I trial with high-dose melphalan, followed 6 weeks later by total-marrow irradiation (TMI) to skeletal bone. Dose levels were 10, 12, 14, and 16 Gy at 2 Gy daily/twice daily. In a separate allogeneic HCT trial, 8 patients (5 with acute myelogenous leukemia, 1 with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 1 with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and 1 with multiple myeloma) were treated with TMI plus total lymphoid irradiation plus splenic radiotherapy to 12 Gy (1.5 Gy twice daily) combined with fludarabine/melphalan. Results: For the 13 patients in the tandem autologous HCT trial, median age was 54 years (range, 42-66 years). Median organ doses were 15-65% that of the gross target volume dose. Primarily Grades 1-2 acute toxicities were observed. Six patients reported no vomiting; 9 patients, no mucositis; 6 patients, no fatigue; and 8 patients, no diarrhea. For the 8 patients in the allogeneic HCT trial, median age was 52 years (range, 24-61 years). Grades 2-3 nausea, vomiting, mucositis, and diarrhea were observed. In both trials, no Grade 4 nonhematologic toxicity was observed, and all patients underwent successful engraftment. Conclusions: This study shows that TMI using helical tomotherapy is clinically feasible. The reduced acute toxicities observed compare favorably with those seen with standard TBI. Initial results are encouraging and warrant further evaluation as a method to dose escalate with acceptable toxicity or to offer TBI-containing regimens to patients unable to tolerate standard approaches.

  13. Potential Clinical Applications of Signal Transduction Measurements in Marrow Transplantation and HIV-1 Infection

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-03-01

    bone marrow transplantation , HIV infection, flow cytometry...transduction will be clinically iuefijl in nther disease states. BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) results in a severe...intracellular C;i- - with fluio. Cviometrý 11: )", 0- N. Lt.l, L. G. 1990. Immune recover, alter bone marrow transplantation . Hcmatol. Oncol, Clin. North

  14. Avoiding pitfalls in bone marrow engraftment analysis: a case study highlighting the weakness of using buccal cells for determining a patient's constitutional genotype after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

    PubMed

    Rennert, Hanna; Leonard, Debra G B; Cushing, Melissa; Azurin, Carmen; Shore, Tsiporah

    2013-03-01

    An accurate and reliable assessment of bone marrow engraftment (BME) after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is based on the ability to distinguish between recipient and donor cells at selected polymorphic short tandem repeat (STR) DNA loci. Buccal cells are an important source of DNA for determining the recipient's constitutional genotype, particularly in patients transplanted before the STR evaluation. Genomic DNA was extracted from the recipient buccal cells and from isolated CD3+ (T-cell lymphocyte) and CD33+ (myelocyte) cells after HSCT. BME analysis was performed using a STR-based polymerase chain reaction amplification method followed by fragment-size analysis for assessing the recipient-derived or donor-derived composition of cell lineage-specific peripheral blood DNA. We identified three cases of complete buccal epithelial cell engraftment after HSCT detected by BME analysis, potentially leading to misinterpretation of testing results if these cells were used as the sole source for determining the recipient's genotype. These cases suggest that complete engraftment of buccal epithelial cells may be a common finding in patients receiving HSCT, drawing attention to important issues such as the type of samples used for determining a patient's constitutional genotype that may confound testing results. This study also highlights the need for careful interpretation of the BME testing results in the context of the clinical findings. Copyright © 2013 International Society for Cellular Therapy. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Thyroid dysfunction among long-term survivors of bone marrow transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Sklar, C.A.; Kim, T.H.; Ramsay, N.K.

    1982-11-01

    Thyroid function studies were followed serially in 27 long-term survivors (median 33 months) of bone marrow transplantation. There were 15 men and 12 women (median age 13 1/12 years, range 11/12 to 22 6/12 years). Aplastic anemia (14 patients) and acute nonlymphocytic leukemia (eight patients) were the major reasons for bone marrow transplantation. Pretransplant conditioning consisted of single-dose irradiation combined with high-dose, short-term chemotherapy in 23 patients, while four patients received a bone marrow transplantation without any radiation therapy. Thyroid dysfunction occurred in 10 of 23 (43 percent) irradiated patients; compensated hypothyroidism (elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone levels only) developed in eight subjects, and two patients had primary thyroid failure (elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone levels and low T4 index). The abnormal thyroid studies were detected a median of 13 months after bone marrow transplantation. The four subjects who underwent transplantation without radiation therapy have remained euthyroid (median follow-up two years). The only variable that appeared to correlate with the subsequent development of impaired thyroid function was the type of graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis employed; the irradiated subjects treated with methotrexate alone had a higher incidence of thyroid dysfunction compared to those treated with methotrexate combined with antithymocyte globulin and prednisone (eight of 12 versus two of 11, p less than 0.05). The high incidence and subtle nature of impaired thyroid function following single-dose irradiation for bone marrow transplantation are discussed.

  16. Autologous stem cell transplantation for patients aged 60 years or older with refractory or relapsed classical Hodgkin's lymphoma: a retrospective analysis from the French Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cell Therapies (SFGM-TC).

    PubMed

    Stamatoullas, A; Brice, P; Gueye, M S; Mareschal, S; Chevallier, P; Bouabdallah, R; Nguyenquoc, S; Francois, S; Turlure, P; Ceballos, P; Monjanel, H; Bourhis, J-H; Guillerm, G; Mohty, M; Biron, P; Cornillon, J; Belhadj, K; Bonmati, C; Dilhuydy, M-S; Huynh, A; Bernard, M; Chrétien, M-L; Peffault de Latour, R; Tilly, H

    2016-07-01

    This report retrospectively analyzed the outcome of 91 patients aged 60 years or older with refractory/relapsed (R/R) classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHL) who underwent autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) between 1992 and 2013 and were reported to the French Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cell Therapies registry. The median age at transplant was 63 years. The majority of patients exhibited disease chemosensitivity to salvage treatment (57 complete responses, 30 partial responses, 1 progressive disease and 3 unknown). The most frequent conditioning regimen consisted of BCNU, cytarabine, etoposide, melphalan (BEAM) chemotherapy (93%). With a median follow-up of 54 months, 5-year estimates of overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) for the entire group were 67 and 54%, respectively. Despite the missing data, in univariate analysis, the number of salvage chemotherapy lines (1-2 versus ⩾3) significantly influenced the OS, unlike the other prognostic factors (stage III-IV at relapse, disease status before ASCT and negative positron emission tomography (PET) scan) encountered in younger patients. In spite of its limitations, this retrospective study with a long-term follow-up suggests that ASCT is a valid treatment option for chemosensitive R/R cHL in selected elderly patients, with an acceptable rate of toxicity.

  17. Disseminated histoplasmosis in allogeneic bone marrow transplant: a diagnosis not to be missed.

    PubMed

    Haydoura, S; Wallentine, J; Lopansri, B; Ford, C D; Saad, D; Burke, J P

    2014-10-01

    Immunosuppressed patients are at highest risk for disseminated histoplasmosis, but only a few cases have been reported in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. We report a case of disseminated histoplasmosis in an allogeneic bone marrow transplant recipient residing in a non-endemic area. Diagnosis was first suspected based on a peripheral blood smear.

  18. Low-dose cranial boost in high-risk adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients undergoing bone marrow transplant.

    PubMed

    Su, William; Thompson, Marcher; Sheu, Ren-Dih; Steinberg, Amir; Isola, Luis; Stock, Richard; Bakst, Richard L

    Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has a predilection for CNS involvement. Patients with high-risk ALL are often managed with transplant using a radiation-based conditioning regimen. Historically, a high-dose prophylactic cranial boost (CB) of ≥12 Gy was given to reduce risk of central nervous system (CNS) recurrence. However, the use of CB has fallen out of favor because of toxicity concerns. In high-risk adults undergoing transplant at our institution, we have used a low-dose 6 Gy CB to reduce toxicity while conditioning adults with fully developed brains. The safety, efficacy, and utility of a low-dose CB in adults are poorly studied; herein, we report their outcomes and toxicity. We identified all high-risk ALL patients undergoing total body irradiation as part of their conditioning regimen. Those who received 6 Gy CB or no CB were included (55 total). Their charts were reviewed and statistical analyses were completed with R, version 2.15.2. In patients undergoing CB, 3-year CNS disease-free survival and overall survival were 94.7% and 62.7%. In those not undergoing CBs, survivals were 81.8% and 51.5%. Notably, within the CB cohort, patients without prior CNS involvement had no CNS failures. In contrast, in the non-CB cohort, there were 2 CNS failures in patients with no history of CNS involvement. In the CB cohort, the only notable acute toxicity was parotitis (2.8%). Late toxicity in the CB cohort included 1 instance of cataracts (2.8%) without any evidence of cognitive impairment or potential radiation induced secondary malignancy. A dose of 6 Gy CB is well-tolerated in the adult ALL population as part of a radiation-based conditioning regimen. Low-dose CB may be considered in adult patients with high-risk ALL without prior CNS involvement to reduce the likelihood of recurrence. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  19. Treatment of hairy-cell leukemia with chemoradiotherapy and identical-twin bone-marrow transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Cheever, M.A.; Fefer, A.; Greenberg, P.D.; Appelbaum, F.; Armitage, J.O.; Buckner, C.D.; Sale, G.E.; Storb, R.; Witherspoon, R.P.; Thomas, E.D.

    1982-08-01

    A patient with progressive hairy-cell leukemia and a normal genetically identical twin presented an opportunity to determine the sensitivity of this disease to high-dose alkylating-agent chemotherapy and total-body irradiation, since the marrow aplasia induced could potentially be overcome by reconstitution with normal marrow stem cells from the twin. After such therapy the patient rapidly recovered normal marrow function with no evidence of infiltrating hairy cells; he is still in complete remission four years after transplantation. In contrast to other patients with this disorder, he has had no predisposition to infections since transplantation. These results demonstrate that hairy-cell leukemia is sensitive to high-dose cytotoxic therapy and is not associated with any microenvironmental abnormalities that prevent repopulation with normal stem cells. Thus, high-dose chemoradiotherapy followed by bone-marrow transplantation is an effective and potentially curative therapy for hairy-cell leukemia. (JMT)

  20. Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in elderly patients (≥ 70 years) with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: A French Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Hermet, E; Cabrespine, A; Guièze, R; Garnier, A; Tempescul, A; Lenain, P; Bouabdallah, R; Vilque, J P; Frayfer, J; Bordessoule, D; Sibon, D; Janvier, M; Caillot, D; Biron, P; Legros, L; Choufi, B; Drenou, B; Gorin, N C; Bilger, K; Tamburini, J; Soussain, C; Brechignac, S; Bay, J O

    2015-09-01

    Limited data is available on the feasibility of high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) in elderly patients over 70 years of age with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). In the setting of the Société Française de Greffe de Moelle et de Thérapie Cellulaire (SFGM-TC) group, we retrospectively analyzed 81 consecutive patients with NHL over 70 years of age who received AHSCT. The median age at AHSCT was 72.3 years [70-80]. Patients' were diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (n=40), follicular lymphoma (n=16), mantle cell lymphoma (n=15), T-cell lymphoma (n=5), and other (n=5). Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Comorbidity Index (HCT-CI) was 0 in 73% of patients. Main conditionings were BEAM (Carmustine-Etoposide-Cytarabine-Melphalan, n=61) and melphalan alone (n=14). Median delays to reach 0.5×10⁹/L neutrophils and 20 × 10(9)/L platelets were of 12 [9-76] days and 12 [0-143] days, respectively. One hundred day and one year cumulative incidence of NRM was 5.4% and 8.5%, respectively. The main cause of death remains relapse. In conclusion, this study revealed that AHSCT seemed to be acceptable in patients over 70 years of age with NHL. Patient age is not a limiting factor if clinical condition is adequate. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Improved Mobilization of the CD34+ and CD133+ Bone Marrow-Derived Circulating Progenitor Cells by Freshly Isolated Intracoronary Bone Marrow Cell Transplantation in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease

    PubMed Central

    Bozdag-Turan, Ilkay; Ortak, Jasmin; Akin, Ibrahim; Kische, Stephan; Schneider, Henrik; Turan, Cem Hakan; Rehders, Tim Christopher; Rauchhaus, Mathias; Kleinfeldt, Tilo; Adolph, Ester; Brehm, Micheal; Yokus, Sedat; Steiner, Stephan; Sahin, Kurtulus; Nienaber, Christoph A.; Ince, Hüseyin

    2011-01-01

    Cell therapy is a promising novel option for treatment of cardiovascular disease. Because the role of bone marrow-derived circulating progenitor cells (BM-CPCs) after cell therapy is less clear, we analyzed in this randomized, controlled study the influence of intracoronary autologous freshly isolated bone marrow cell transplantation (BMC-Tx) by using a point-of-care system on cardiac function and on the mobilization of BM-CPCs in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD). Fifty-six patients with IHD were randomized to either receive freshly isolated BMC-Tx or a control group that did not receive cell therapy. Peripheral blood concentrations of CD34/45+ and CD133/45+ CPCs were measured by flow cytometry pre-, immediately post-, and at 3, 6, and 12 months postprocedure in both groups. Global ejection fraction and the size of infarct area were determined by left ventriculography. We observed in patients with IHD after intracoronary transplantation of autologous freshly isolated BMCs-Tx at 3 and 12 months follow-up a significant reduction of the size of infarct area and increase of global ejection fraction as well as infarct wall movement velocity. The mobilization of CD34/45+ and CD133/45+ BM-CPCs significantly increased at 3, 6, and 12 months after cell therapy when compared with baseline in patients with IHD, although no significant changes were observed between pre- and immediately postintracoronary cell therapy administration. In the control group without cell therapy, there was no significant difference of CD34/45+ and CD133/45+ BM-CPCs mobilization between pre- and at 3, 6, and 12 months postcoronary angiography. Intracoronary transplantation of autologous freshly isolated BMCs by using a point-of-care system in patients with IHD may enhance and prolong the mobilization of CD34/45+ and CD133/45+ BM-CPCs in peripheral blood and this might increase the regenerative potency in IHD. PMID:21190450

  2. Reactivation of chronic Chagas' disease following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation and successful pre-emptive therapy with benznidazole.

    PubMed

    Altclas, J; Sinagra, A; Jaimovich, G; Salgueira, C; Luna, C; Requejo, A; Milovic, V; De Rissio, A; Feldman, L; Riarte, A

    1999-06-01

    This report shows the early detection of reactivation of chronic Chagas' disease (CCd) in a 27-year-old man with chronic myelogenous leukemia undergoing allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (ABMT). Pre-emptive therapy with benznidazole during a period of 7 weeks led to a rapid recovery of the patient, who remains free of parasitemia 2 years after the bone marrow transplantation.

  3. Assessment of nephrotoxicity of high-cumulative dose of liposomal amphotericin B in a pediatric patient who underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Cesaro, Simone; Zignol, Matteo; Burlina, Alberto B; Tridello, Gloria; Visintin, Gianluca; Messina, Chiara

    2006-03-01

    We describe a 9-yr-old boy who received the highest cumulative dose so far reported of liposomal amphotericin B. The patient underwent an allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for adrenoleucodystrophy, after a conditioning regimen with busulfan, thiothepa and cyclophosphamide. Rabbit antithymoglobulin, cyclosporin and prednisone were used as prophylaxis against graft vs. host disease (GVHD). Post-transplant Epstein-Bar-virus-related lymphoma was diagnosed on day +68 and was treated with donor-derived lymphocytes. The patient developed a severe form of GVHD, and a progressive worsening of his neurological status because of progression of his underlying disease. Death from septic shock occurred 23 months after BMT. During prolonged hospitalization, 19,750 mg of liposomal amphotericin B, about 1000 mg/kg, were given for prophylactic or empirical therapeutic purposes without significant nephrotoxicity. This case suggests that liposomal amphotericin B is safe and well-tolerated even if is administered for long periods and a cumulative dose fivefold greater than the nephrotoxic threshold of amphotericin B deoxycholate is achieved.

  4. Comparison of Patient-Reported Outcomes in 5-Year Survivors Who Received Bone Marrow vs Peripheral Blood Unrelated Donor Transplantation: Long-term Follow-up of a Randomized Clinical Trial.

    PubMed

    Lee, Stephanie J; Logan, Brent; Westervelt, Peter; Cutler, Corey; Woolfrey, Ann; Khan, Shakila P; Waller, Edmund K; Maziarz, Richard T; Wu, Juan; Shaw, Bronwen E; Confer, Dennis; Horowitz, Mary M; Anasetti, Claudio

    2016-12-01

    Bone marrow or peripheral blood from unrelated donors may be used for hematopoietic cell transplantation. Information about the relative success of transplantation with these 2 graft sources would help physicians and patients choose between them. To compare patient-reported outcomes between patients randomized to receive 1 of 2 graft types for unrelated donor transplantation. This follow-up of a randomized clinical trial included English- or Spanish-speaking patients 16 years or older participating in a multicenter randomized clinical trial of unrelated donor bone marrow (BM) vs peripheral blood (PB) (N = 551) in hematopoietic cell transplantation for hematologic neoplasms. Patient-reported outcomes were collected from patients at enrollment and 0.5, 1, 2, and 5 years after transplantation. Unrelated donor BM or PB hematopoietic cell transplantation. Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplant, Mental Health Inventory, occupational functioning, Lee Chronic Graft-vs-Host Disease Symptom Scale. At 5 years after transplantation, 102 BM and 93 PB participants were alive and eligible for assessment (age ≥40 years or older: 104 [53.5%] male: 101 [51.8%]). The mean (SE) Mental Health Inventory Psychological Well-Being scores (78.9 [1.7] vs 72.2 [1.9]; P = .01; higher better) and Lee chronic graft-vs-host disease symptom scores (13.1 [1.5] vs 19.3 [1.6]; P = .004; lower better) were significantly better for BM recipients, adjusting for baseline scores and missing data. Recipients of BM were also more likely to be working full or part-time than recipients of PB (odds ratio, 1.5; 95% CI, 1.2-2.0; P = .002), adjusting for work status before transplantation. With a median follow-up of 73 months (range, 30-121 months) for survivors, no differences in survival (40% vs 39%; P = .84), relapse (32% vs 29%; P = .47), or treatment-related mortality (29% vs 32%; P = .44) between BM and PB were observed. Recipients of unrelated donor BM

  5. Multiorgan WU Polyomavirus Infection in Bone Marrow Transplant Recipient

    PubMed Central

    Siebrasse, Erica A.; Nguyen, Nang L.; Willby, Melisa J.; Erdman, Dean D.; Menegus, Marilyn A.

    2016-01-01

    WU polyomavirus (WUPyV) was detected in a bone marrow transplant recipient with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome who died in 2001. Crystalline lattices of polyomavirus-like particles were observed in the patient’s lung by electron microscopy. WUPyV was detected in the lung and other tissues by real-time quantitative PCR and identified in the lung and trachea by immunohistochemistry. A subset of WUPyV-positive cells in the lung had morphologic features of macrophages. Although the role of WUPyV as a human pathogen remains unclear, these results clearly demonstrate evidence for infection of respiratory tract tissues in this patient. PMID:26691850

  6. Neurologic complications following bone marrow transplantation for sickle cell disease.

    PubMed

    Abboud, M R; Jackson, S M; Barredo, J; Holden, K R; Cure, J; Laver, J

    1996-03-01

    A boy with sickle cell anemia underwent bone marrow transplantation (BMT). He was normal on neurological examination, but had radiologic evidence of an old left frontal lobe infarct, multiple cerebral vascular stenoses and moyamoya collaterals. After BMT he developed seizures with extension of the infarct and subarachnoid hemorrhage. One year later angiography revealed worsening stenosis of the M1 segments of both middle cerebral arteries. At that time an increase in von Willebrand's factor with decreased large molecular weight multimers (LvWF) was observed. We speculate that LvWF dependent, shear-induced platelet aggregation, together with endothelial damage may have contributed to the development of neurologic complications in this patient.

  7. Intensive care outcomes in bone marrow transplant recipients: a population-based cohort analysis

    PubMed Central

    Scales, Damon C; Thiruchelvam, Deva; Kiss, Alexander; Sibbald, William J; Redelmeier, Donald A

    2008-01-01

    Introduction Intensive care unit (ICU) admission for bone marrow transplant recipients immediately following transplantation is an ominous event, yet the survival of these patients with subsequent ICU admissions is unknown. Our objective was to determine the long-term outcome of bone marrow transplant recipients admitted to an ICU during subsequent hospitalizations. Methods We conducted a population-based cohort analysis of all adult bone marrow transplant recipients who received subsequent ICU care in Ontario, Canada from 1 January 1992 to 31 March 2002. The primary endpoint was mortality at 1 year. Results A total of 2,653 patients received bone marrow transplantation; 504 of which received ICU care during a subsequent hospitalization. Patients receiving any major procedure during their ICU stay had higher 1-year mortality than those patients who received no ICU procedure (87% versus 44%, P < 0.0001). Death rates at 1 year were highest for those receiving mechanical ventilation (87%), pulmonary artery catheterization (91%), or hemodialysis (94%). In combination, the strongest independent predictors of death at 1 year were mechanical ventilation (odds ratio, 7.4; 95% confidence interval, 4.8 to 11.4) and hemodialysis (odds ratio, 8.7; 95% confidence interval, 2.1 to 36.7), yet no combination of procedures uniformly predicted 100% mortality. Conclusion The prognosis of bone marrow transplant recipients receiving ICU care during subsequent hospitalizations is very poor but should not be considered futile. PMID:18547422

  8. Infection in the bone marrow transplant recipient and role of the microbiology laboratory in clinical transplantation.

    PubMed Central

    LaRocco, M T; Burgert, S J

    1997-01-01

    Over the past quarter century, tremendous technological advances have been made in bone marrow and solid organ transplantation. Despite these advances, an enduring problem for the transplant recipient is infection. As immunosuppressive regimens have become more systematic, it is apparent that different pathogens affect the transplant recipient at different time points in the posttransplantation course, since they are influenced by multiple intrinsic and extrinsic factors. An understanding of this evolving risk for infection is essential to the management of the patient following transplantation and is a key to the early diagnosis and treatment of infection. Likewise, diagnosis of infection is dependent upon the quality of laboratory support, and services provided by the clinical microbiology laboratory play an important role in all phases of clinical transplantation. These include the prescreening of donors and recipients for evidence of active or latent infection, the timely and accurate microbiologic evaluation of the transplant patient with suspected infection, and the surveillance of asymptomatic allograft recipients for infection. Expert services in bacteriology, mycology, parasitology, virology, and serology are needed and communication between the laboratory and the transplantation team is paramount for providing clinically relevant, cost-effective diagnostic testing. PMID:9105755

  9. NIH Blood and Marrow Transplant Late Effects Consensus Conference

    Cancer.gov

    This day and a half symposium will bring together experts in blood and marrow transplantation, late effects, and health care delivery to discuss current evidence and knowledge gaps, develop consensus guidelines, and inform future research in the BMT survivor population.

  10. Neonatal Bone Marrow Transplantation in MPS IIIA Mice.

    PubMed

    Lau, Adeline A; Shamsani, N Jannah; Winner, Leanne K; Hassiotis, Sofia; King, Barbara M; Hopwood, John J; Hemsley, Kim M

    2013-01-01

    Patients with some neurological lysosomal storage disorders (LSD) exhibit improved clinical signs following bone marrow transplantation (BMT). The failure of mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type IIIA patients and adult mice with the condition to respond to this treatment may relate to factors such as impaired migration of donor-derived cells into the brain, insufficient enzyme production and/or secretion by the donor-derived microglial cells, or the age at which treatment is initiated. To explore these possibilities, we treated neonatal MPS IIIA mice with whole unfractionated bone marrow and observed that nucleated blood cell reconstitution occurred to a similar degree in MPS IIIA mice receiving green fluorescent protein (GFP)-expressing normal (treatment group) or MPS IIIA-GFP marrow (control group) and normal mice receiving normal-GFP marrow (control group). Further, similar distribution patterns of GFP(+) normal or MPS IIIA donor-derived cells were observed throughout the MPS IIIA mouse brain. We demonstrate that N-sulfoglucosamine sulfohydrolase (SGSH), the enzyme deficient in MPS IIIA, is produced and secreted in a manner proportional to that of other lysosomal enzymes. However, despite this, overall brain SGSH activity was unchanged in MPS IIIA mice treated with normal marrow and the lysosomal storage burden in whole brain homogenates did not decrease, most likely due to donor-derived cells comprising <0.24% of total recipient brain cells in all groups. This suggests that the failure of MPS IIIA patients and mice to respond to BMT may occur as a result of insufficient donor-derived enzyme production and/or uptake by host brain cells.

  11. The Effectiveness of a Comprehensive Coping Strategy Program on Clinical Outcomes in Breast Cancer Bone Marrow Transplant Patients and Primary Caregiver

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-09-01

    Statistical Analysis and Results ..................... 11..I G. General Statistical Analysis ............................................................ 12 (6...presented in paper 5 (Appendix 7). 11 G. General Statistical Analysis For each time periods of data collection: baseline, during hospitalization and post...Nursing, (8), 102-112. 11. Rappaport, B.S. (1988). Evolution of consultation-liaison services in bone marrow transplantation. General Hospital

  12. Successful Repigmentation of Vitiligo after Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplantation for Hodgkin's Lymphoma by Autologous Noncultured Melanocyte-keratinocyte Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Tang, Huijuan; Wang, Cui; Fu, Lifang; Xu, Ai-e

    2015-01-01

    The treatment of vitiligo is derisory since the pathogenesis of vitiligo is not clear at present. Most conservative treatments are difficult to approach satisfactory therapy. So transplantation is the only way left when the disease becomes insensitive to those conservative treatments. Here we describe an 18-year-old patient who developed vitiligo, which was triggered by graft-versus-host disease after a allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for the treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma from his sister. In the following treatment to vitiligo, the patient successfully performed the transplantation of autologous uncultured melanocyte on the premise of poor reaction to other conservative methods. We infer that transplantation can be a treatment of the vitiligo after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. PMID:26538694

  13. Demonstration of clonable alloreactive host T cells in a primate model for bone marrow transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Reisner, Y.; Ben-Bassat, I.; Douer, D.; Kaploon, A.; Schwartz, E.; Ramot, B.

    1986-06-01

    The phenomenon of marrow rejection following supralethal radiochemotherapy was explained in the past mainly by non-T-cell mechanisms known to be resistant to high-dose irradiation. In the present study a low but significant number of radiochemoresistant-clonable T cells was found in the peripheral blood and spleen of Rhesus monkeys following the cytoreductive protocol used for treatment of leukemia patients prior to bone marrow transplantation. More than 95% of the clonable cells are concentrated in the spleen 5 days after transplant. The cells possess immune memory as demonstrated by the generation of alloreactive-specific cytotoxicity. The present findings suggest that host-versus-graft activity may be mediated by alloreactive T cells. It is hoped that elimination of such cells prior to bone marrow transplantation will increase the engraftment rate of HLA-nonidentical marrow in leukemia patients.

  14. Long-term cryopreservation of bone marrow for autologous transplantation.

    PubMed

    Attarian, H; Feng, Z; Buckner, C D; MacLeod, B; Rowley, S D

    1996-03-01

    Little is known about the effect of long-term cryopreservation on the viability of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) or on the success of autologous bone marrow transplantation. Although progenitor cell assays such as culture of CFU-GM after thawing can be predictive of engraftment, the most rigorous assay for the cryosurvival of HSC is engraftment after reinfusion of stem cells. We retrospectively evaluated the engraftment data for 36 patients with hematologic malignancies or solid tumors treated at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center between 1981 and 1993 who received bone marrows stored for 2 years or more. The median duration of cryopreservation for this study group was 2.7 years (range 2.0-7.8). Ninety-seven percent of patients in the study group achieved a granulocyte count of > or = 0.5 x 1.0(9)/1 at a median of 19 days (range 10-115) vs 86% of control group (selected by diagnosis and date of storage) at a median of 20 days (P = 0.14). Seventy percent of patients in the study group achieved a platelet count > or = 20 x 10(9)/1 at a median of 27 days (range 9-69) vs 74% of control group at a median of 23 days (P = 0.47). Also, samples of 28 marrows cryopreserved for a median of 4.4 years (range 2.0-7.8) were cultured to determine if a loss of hematopoietic progenitors relative to duration of storage could be detected. The storage length was not predictive for the quantity of colonies formed (P = 0.57 for BFU-E-derived colonies; P = 0.65 for CFU-GM-derived colonies). We found no consistent detrimental effect of long-term cryopreservation on the success rate of autologous bone marrow transplantation. This report confirms previous reports that marrow cells cryopreserved for several years are capable of engrafting. Therefore, bone marrow cells may be stored at an early appropriate time before the side-effects of multiple cycles of chemotherapy and radiotherapy on hematopoietic tissues are incurred.

  15. Chemotherapy Dose Adjustment for Obese Patients Undergoing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: A Survey on Behalf of the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Labopin, Myriam; Moukhtari, Leila; Ciceri, Fabio; Esteve, Jordi; Giebel, Sebastian; Gorin, Norbert-Claude; Schmid, Christopher; Shimoni, Avichai; Nagler, Arnon; Mohty, Mohamad

    2015-01-01

    Background. Appropriate chemotherapy dosing for obese patients with malignant diseases is a significant challenge because limiting chemotherapy doses in these patients may negatively influence outcome. There is a paucity of information addressing high-dose chemotherapy in obese patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Methods. The Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) designed an electronic survey to assess current practice of dose adjustment of chemotherapy in obese patients undergoing HSCT. Results. A total of 56 EBMT centers from 27 countries responded to the online survey. Overall, 45 centers declared that they routinely adjust chemotherapy doses for obese patients (80.5%), and only 11 (19.5%) declared they do not adjust dose. Among the former group, most used body mass index as the parameter for defining obesity (28 centers, 62%). The method for determining the weight for chemotherapy calculation was actual body weight (ABW) in 16 centers, ideal body weight (IBW) in 10 centers, IBW plus 25% of the difference between IBW and ABW in 16 centers, and other methods for the rest. Among centers that used dose adjustment, 44% also capped the dose at 2 m2 for a chemotherapy dose based on body surface area (BSA), whereas 56% did not cap. Interestingly, most of the centers (9 of 11) that did not adjust dose for weight also did not cap the BSA at 2 m2. Conclusion. This EBMT survey revealed large diversity among transplant centers regarding dose-adjustment practice for high-dose conditioning chemotherapy. Our next step is to analyze outcomes of transplantation according to dose-adjustment practice and, subsequently, to formulate a methodology for future prospective studies. PMID:25480827

  16. Chemotherapy dose adjustment for obese patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: a survey on behalf of the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Shem-Tov, Noga; Labopin, Myriam; Moukhtari, Leila; Ciceri, Fabio; Esteve, Jordi; Giebel, Sebastian; Gorin, Norbert-Claude; Schmid, Christopher; Shimoni, Avichai; Nagler, Arnon; Mohty, Mohamad

    2015-01-01

    Appropriate chemotherapy dosing for obese patients with malignant diseases is a significant challenge because limiting chemotherapy doses in these patients may negatively influence outcome. There is a paucity of information addressing high-dose chemotherapy in obese patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) designed an electronic survey to assess current practice of dose adjustment of chemotherapy in obese patients undergoing HSCT. A total of 56 EBMT centers from 27 countries responded to the online survey. Overall, 45 centers declared that they routinely adjust chemotherapy doses for obese patients (80.5%), and only 11 (19.5%) declared they do not adjust dose. Among the former group, most used body mass index as the parameter for defining obesity (28 centers, 62%). The method for determining the weight for chemotherapy calculation was actual body weight (ABW) in 16 centers, ideal body weight (IBW) in 10 centers, IBW plus 25% of the difference between IBW and ABW in 16 centers, and other methods for the rest. Among centers that used dose adjustment, 44% also capped the dose at 2 m(2) for a chemotherapy dose based on body surface area (BSA), whereas 56% did not cap. Interestingly, most of the centers (9 of 11) that did not adjust dose for weight also did not cap the BSA at 2 m(2). This EBMT survey revealed large diversity among transplant centers regarding dose-adjustment practice for high-dose conditioning chemotherapy. Our next step is to analyze outcomes of transplantation according to dose-adjustment practice and, subsequently, to formulate a methodology for future prospective studies. ©AlphaMed Press.

  17. In vitro assessment of bone marrow endothelial colonies (CFU-En) in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients undergoing peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.

    PubMed

    Lanza, F; Campioni, D; Punturieri, M; Moretti, S; Dabusti, M; Spanedda, R; Castoldi, G

    2003-12-01

    The distribution and functional characteristics of in vitro bone marrow (BM) endothelial colonies (CFU-En) were studied in 70 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) patients in different phases of the disease to explore the association between CFU-En growth and angiogenesis, and between the number of CFU-En and the presence of hematopoietic and mesenchymal progenitor cells. The mean number of CFU-En/10(6) BM mononuclear cells seen in remission patients was significantly higher than that seen in newly diagnosed patients (P=0.04), and in normal subjects (P=0.008). Patients with low-grade NHL in remission displayed a higher CFU-En value compared with high-grade NHL (P=0.04). In the autograft group (40 patients), a significant reduction of CFU-En number was detected in the first 4-6 months after transplantation. In remission patients, the CFU-En number positively correlated with the incidence of BM colony-forming unit granulocyte-macrophage (CFU-GM) (P=0.013) and CFU-multilineage (CFU-GEMM) hematopoietic colonies (P=0.044). These in vitro data show that CFU-En numbers increase following standard-dose chemotherapy, thus providing a rationale for further investigating the effects of different cytostatic drugs on BM endothelial cells growth and function.

  18. Outcome of allogeneic stem cell transplantation for patients transformed to myelodysplastic syndrome or leukemia from severe aplastic anemia: a report from the MDS Subcommittee of the Chronic Malignancies Working Party and the Severe Aplastic Anemia Working Party of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Hussein, Ayad Ahmed; Halkes, Constantijn M; Socié, Gérard; Tichelli, André; von dem Borne, Peter A; Schaap, Michel N P M; Foa, Robin; Ganser, Arnold; Dufour, Carlo; Bacigalupo, Andrea; Locasciulli, Anna; Aljurf, Mahmoud; Peters, Christina; Robin, Marie; van Biezen, Anja A; Volin, Liisa; De Witte, Theo; Marsh, Judith; Passweg, Jakob R; Kröger, Nicolas

    2014-09-01

    One hundred and forty patients who had undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) transformation after treatment of severe aplastic anemia (SAA) were identified in the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) database. The median age at HSCT was 29 years (range, 1 to 66 years). The transplant donor was related in 49% cases and unrelated in 51% cases. The 5-year probability of relapse was 17%, and that of nonrelapse mortality was 41%. The 5-year overall survival was 45% ± 9%, better for patients untreated and patients in remission compared with patients with refractory disease. Our data indicate that allogeneic HSCT leads to prolonged survival in close to one-half of the patients transforming to MDS or AML from SAA. Copyright © 2014 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Impact of the intensity of the pretransplantation conditioning regimen in patients with prior invasive aspergillosis undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: a retrospective survey of the Infectious Diseases Working Party of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Martino, Rodrigo; Parody, Rocio; Fukuda, Takahiro; Maertens, Johan; Theunissen, Koen; Ho, Aloysius; Mufti, Ghulam J.; Kroger, Nicolaus; Zander, Arnold R.; Heim, Dominik; Paluszewska, Monika; Selleslag, Dominik; Steinerova, Katerina; Ljungman, Per; Cesaro, Simone; Nihtinen, Anna; Cordonnier, Catherine; Vazquez, Lourdes; López-Duarte, Monica; Lopez, Javier; Cabrera, Rafael; Rovira, Montserrat; Neuburger, Stefan; Cornely, Oliver; Hunter, Ann E.; Marr, Kieren A.; Dornbusch, Hans Jürgen; Einsele, Hermann

    2006-01-01

    In this retrospective study, we analyzed the outcomes of 129 patients who underwent an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and had a history of probable or proven invasive aspergillosis (IA), of whom 57 (44%) received a reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC). Overall, 27 patients with IA progressed after the allo-HSCT (cumulative incidence [CumInc] at 2 years, 22%). The variables that increased the 2-year CumInc of IA progression were (1) longer duration of neutropenia after transplantation; (2) advanced status of the underlying disease; and (3) less than 6 weeks from start of systemic anti-Aspergillus therapy and the allo-HSCT. In addition, (4) conventional myeloablative conditioning increased the risk of progression early after transplantation (before day 30) only, while 3 variables increased the risk beyond day 30 were (5) cytomegalovirus disease; (6) bone marrow or cord blood as source of stem cells; and (7) grades II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). A risk model for progression was generated, defined as low (0-1 risk factors, 6% incidence), intermediate (2-3 risk factors, 27% incidence), or high risk (≥ 3 risk factors, 72% incidence [P < .001]). These findings may help in the interpretation and design of future studies on secondary prophylaxis of IA after an allo-HSCT. PMID:16720833

  20. Impact of the intensity of the pretransplantation conditioning regimen in patients with prior invasive aspergillosis undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A retrospective survey of the Infectious Diseases Working Party of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Martino, Rodrigo; Parody, Rocio; Fukuda, Takahiro; Maertens, Johan; Theunissen, Koen; Ho, Aloysius; Mufti, Ghulam J; Kroger, Nicolaus; Zander, Arnold R; Heim, Dominik; Paluszewska, Monika; Selleslag, Dominik; Steinerova, Katerina; Ljungman, Per; Cesaro, Simone; Nihtinen, Anna; Cordonnier, Catherine; Vazquez, Lourdes; López-Duarte, Monica; Lopez, Javier; Cabrera, Rafael; Rovira, Montserrat; Neuburger, Stefan; Cornely, Oliver; Hunter, Ann E; Marr, Kieren A; Dornbusch, Hans Jürgen; Einsele, Hermann

    2006-11-01

    In this retrospective study, we analyzed the outcomes of 129 patients who underwent an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and had a history of probable or proven invasive aspergillosis (IA), of whom 57 (44%) received a reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC). Overall, 27 patients with IA progressed after the allo-HSCT (cumulative incidence [CumInc] at 2 years, 22%). The variables that increased the 2-year CumInc of IA progression were (1) longer duration of neutropenia after transplantation; (2) advanced status of the underlying disease; and (3) less than 6 weeks from start of systemic anti-Aspergillus therapy and the allo-HSCT. In addition, (4) conventional myeloablative conditioning increased the risk of progression early after transplantation (before day 30) only, while 3 variables increased the risk beyond day 30 were (5) cytomegalovirus disease; (6) bone marrow or cord blood as source of stem cells; and (7) grades II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). A risk model for progression was generated, defined as low (0-1 risk factors, 6% incidence), intermediate (2-3 risk factors, 27% incidence), or high risk (> or = 3 risk factors, 72% incidence [P < .001]). These findings may help in the interpretation and design of future studies on secondary prophylaxis of IA after an allo-HSCT.

  1. Vascularized bone marrow transplantation model in rats as an alternative to conventional cellular bone marrow transplantation: preliminary results.

    PubMed

    Zamfirescu, D; Popovicu, C; Stefanescu, A; Bularda, A; Popescu, M; Zegrea, I; Lanzetta, M; Lascar, I

    2011-11-01

    The aim of the study was to follow the development of microchimerism after allogeneic vascularized bone marrow transplantation (VBMT) versus conventional bone marrow transplantation (BMT). In one group, a VBMT model consisted of donor Brown Norway rat hind limb heterotopic transplanted on recipient Lewis rats. An intravenous infusion of donor bone marrow cells in suspension equivalent to that grafted in the vascularized femur limb was administered intravenously to recipient rats in the second group. Cellular microchimerism was investigated in recipients of VBMT versus BMT. Donor-derived cells could be detected in VBMT recipients at 30 and 60 days but not in recipients of intravenous suspension of BMC. VBMT provides a theoretical alternative to conventional cellular bone marrow transplantation by addressing crucial clinical problems such as failure of engraftment or graft-versus-host disease. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Reversible posterior leucoencephalopathy syndrome associated with bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Teive, H A; Brandi, I V; Camargo, C H; Bittencourt, M A; Bonfim, C M; Friedrich, M L; de Medeiros, C R; Werneck, L C; Pasquini, R

    2001-09-01

    Reversible posterior leucoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) has previously been described in patients who have renal insufficiency, eclampsia, hypertensive encephalopathy and patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy. The mechanism by which immunosuppressive agents can cause this syndrome is not clear, but it is probably related with cytotoxic effects of these agents on the vascular endothelium. We report eight patients who received cyclosporine A (CSA) after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation or as treatment for severe aplastic anemia (SSA) who developed posterior leucoencephalopathy. The most common signs and symptoms were seizures and headache. Neurological dysfunction occurred preceded by or concomitant with high blood pressure and some degree of acute renal failure in six patients. Computerized tomography studies showed low-density white matter lesions involving the posterior areas of cerebral hemispheres. Symptoms and neuroimaging abnormalities were reversible and improvement occurred in all patients when given lower doses of CSA or when the drug was withdrawn. RPLS may be considered an expression of CSA neurotoxicity.

  3. The national marrow donor program 20 years of unrelated donor hematopoietic cell transplantation.

    PubMed

    Ballen, Karen K; King, Roberta J; Chitphakdithai, Pintip; Bolan, Charles D; Agura, Edward; Hartzman, Robert J; Kernan, Nancy A

    2008-09-01

    In the 20 years since the National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP) facilitated the first unrelated donor transplant, the organization has grown to include almost 7 million donors, and has facilitated over 30,000 transplants on 6 continents. This remarkable accomplishment has been facilitated by the efforts of over 600 employees, and an extensive international network including 171 transplant centers, 73 donor centers, 24 cord blood banks, 97 bone marrow collection centers, 91 apheresis centers, 26 HLA typing laboratories, and 26 Cooperative Registries. In this article, we review the history of the NMDP, and cite the major trends in patient demographics, graft sources, and conditioning regimens over the last 20 years.

  4. Treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with marrow transplantation in identical twins

    SciTech Connect

    Appelbaum, F.R.; Fefer, A.; Cheever, M.A.; Buckner, C.D.; Greenberg, P.D.; Kaplan, H.G.; Storb, R.; Thomas, E.D.

    1981-09-01

    Eight patients with disseminated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma who failed conventional combination chemotherapy were treated with high-dose chemotherapy, a supralethal dose of total-body irradiation, and a bone marrow transplant from a normal identical twin. Seven patients experienced complete remission. Four of the seven patients (two with diffuse poorly differentiated lymphocytic lymphoma, one with composite lymphoma, and one with diffuse moderately well differentiated lymphocytic lymphoma) remain in complete unmaintained remission 12-126 mo from transplantation. One patient relapsed after 10 mo but was retreated and is alive in unmaintained complete remission 73 mo from transplantation. One patient died of Pseudomonas pneumonia while in complete remission and one patient relapsed and died of progressive lymphoma. These results demonstrate that intensive chemoradiotherapy and twin marrow transplantation can induce frequent and enduring remissions in patients with disseminated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma who have failed conventional therapy.

  5. Intracoronary autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cell transplantation improves coronary collateral vessel formation and recruitment capacity in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy: a combined hemodynamic and scintigraphic approach.

    PubMed

    Tayyareci, Yelda; Sezer, Murat; Umman, Berrin; Besisik, Sevgi; Mudun, Ayse; Sanli, Yasemin; Oncul, Aytac; Gurses, Nuray; Sargin, Deniz; Meric, Mehmet; Nisanci, Yilmaz

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of intracoronary autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cell (BMC) transplantation on coronary microcirculation. Fifteen patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy were treated by intracoronary infusion of BMCs via the patent infarct-related artery. The thermodilution-derived coronary flow reserve, index of microvascular resistance, pressure-derived collateral flow index, and coronary wedge pressure were measured at baseline and at 6 months. Successive balloon inflations during BMC transplantation were performed to observe the recruitment in pressure-derived collateral flow index and coronary wedge pressure, and the percentage changes between baseline and 6 months were calculated. The mean (SD) coronary flow reserve increased from 1.3 (0.4) to 2.1 (0.5), and the mean (SD) index of microvascular resistance decreased from 44.9 (24.4) to 21.2 (14.1) (P = .001 for both). The mean (SD) improvement in pressure-derived collateral flow index (from 0.14 [0.05] to 0.22 [0.08]) was also statistically significant (P = .001). Similarly, the percentage improvements in pressure-derived collateral flow index and coronary wedge pressure were statistically significant (P = .01 for both). The percentage improvement in perfusion assessed by single-photon emission computed tomography strongly correlated with the percentage changes in pressure-derived collateral flow index (r = 0.88, P = .001) and coronary wedge pressure (r = 0.69, P = .01). These results demonstrate for the first time (to our knowledge) that intracoronary autologous BMC transplantation improves coronary collateral vessel formation and recruitment capacity in human subjects.

  6. Long-term survival of patients with CLL after allogeneic transplantation: a report from the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    van Gelder, M; de Wreede, L C; Bornhäuser, M; Niederwieser, D; Karas, M; Anderson, N S; Gramatzki, M; Dreger, P; Michallet, M; Petersen, E; Bunjes, D; Potter, M; Beelen, D; Cornelissen, J J; Yakoub-Agha, I; Russell, N H; Finke, J; Schoemans, H; Vitek, A; Urbano-Ispízua, Á; Blaise, D; Volin, L; Chevallier, P; Caballero, D; Putter, H; van Biezen, A; Henseler, A; Schönland, S; Kröger, N; Schetelig, J

    2017-03-01

    Even with the availability of targeted drugs, allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) is the only therapy with curative potential for patients with CLL. Cure can be assessed by comparing long-term survival of patients to the matched general population. Using data from 2589 patients who received allo-HCT between 2000 and 2010, we used landmark analyses and methods from relative survival analysis to calculate excess mortality compared with an age-, sex- and calendar year-matched general population. Estimated event-free survival, overall survival and non-relapse mortality (NRM) 10 years after allo-HCT were 28% (95% confidence interval (CI), 25-31), 35% (95% CI, 32-38) and 40% (95% CI, 37-42), respectively. Patients who passed the 5-year landmark event-free survival (N=394) had a 79% probability (95% CI, 73-85) of surviving the subsequent 5 years without an event. Relapse and NRM contributed equally to treatment failure. Five-year mortality for 45- and 65-year-old reference patients who were event-free at the 5-year landmark was 8% and 47% compared with 3% and 14% in the matched general population, respectively. The prospect of long-term disease-free survival remains an argument to consider allo-HCT for young patients with high-risk CLL, and programs to understand and prevent late causes of failure for long-term survivors are warranted, especially for older patients.

  7. Aspergillus antigen testing in bone marrow transplant recipients

    PubMed Central

    Williamson, E; Oliver, D; Johnson, E; Foot, A; Marks, D; Warnock, D

    2000-01-01

    Aims—To assess the clinical usefulness of a commercial aspergillus antigen enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in bone marrow transplant recipients, and to compare it with a commercial latex agglutination (LA) test. Methods—In total, 2026 serum samples from 104 bone marrow transplant recipients were tested. These comprised 67 sera from seven patients who had died with confirmed IA, 268 sera from nine patients who had died with suspected IA, and 1691 sera from 88 patients with no clinical, radiological, or microbiological signs of IA. Results—The ELISA was more sensitive than the LA test. All patients who were ELISA positive were also LA positive, and a positive LA result never preceded a positive ELISA. Twelve of 16 patients with confirmed or suspected IA were ELISA positive on two or more occasions, compared with 10 of 15 who were LA positive. ELISA was positive before LA in five patients (range, 2–14 days), and became positive on the same day in the remainder. Aspergillus antigen was detected by ELISA a median of 15 days before death (range, 4–233). Clinical and/or radiological evidence of IA was noted in all patients, and a positive ELISA was never the sole criterion for introduction of antifungal treatment. Two samples (one from each of two patients without IA) gave false positive results. Conclusions—The aspergillus ELISA is a specific indicator of invasive aspergillosis if the criterion of two positive samples is required to confirm the diagnosis. However, the test is insufficiently sensitive to diagnose aspergillosis before other symptoms or signs are apparent, and hence is unlikely to lead to earlier initiation of antifungal treatment. It is therefore unsuitable for screening of asymptomatic patients at risk of invasive aspergillosis, but does have a useful role in confirming the diagnosis in symptomatic patients. Key Words: invasive aspergillosis • aspergillus antigen • Platelia enzyme

  8. In vitro regulation of immunoglobulin synthesis after marrow transplantation. I. T-cell and B-cell deficiencies in patients with and without chronic graft-versus-host disease

    SciTech Connect

    Lum, L.G.; Seigneuret, M.C.; Storb, R.F.; Witherspoon, R.P.; Thomas, E.D.

    1981-09-01

    Twenty-four patients with aplastic anemia or acute leukemia were treated by marrow grafts from HLA-identical donors after conditioning with high doses of cyclophosphamide and/or today body irradiation. They were studied between 4 and 63 mo (median 14.2) after transplantation. Seventeen patients had chronic graft-versus-host disease (C-GVHD) and 7 were healthy. They were studied for defects in their T- and B-cell function using and indirect hemolytic plaque assay for Ig production after 6 days of culture in the presence of pokeweek mitogen. T or B cells from the patients with or without C-GVHD were cocultured with T or B cells from their HLA-identical marrow donors or unrelated normal controls. Intrinsic B-cell defects, lack of helper T-cell activity, and suppressor T-cell activity were more frequently found in patients with C-GVHD than in healthy patients. Fifteen of the 17 patients with C-GVHD showed on or more defects in their T-and B-cell function compared to only 3 of the 7 patients without C-GVHD. None of the healthy controls, including the marrow donors, showed defects in their T- and B-cell functions. These in vitro findings may be helpful in assessing the process of immune reconstitution and the immunologic aberration found after human marrow transplantation.

  9. Cardiac resynchronization therapy and bone marrow cell transplantation in patients with ischemic heart failure and electromechanical dyssynchrony: a randomized pilot study.

    PubMed

    Pokushalov, Evgeny; Romanov, Alexander; Corbucci, Giorgio; Prohorova, Darya; Chernyavsky, Alexander; Larionov, Petr; Terekhov, Igor; Artyomenko, Sergey; Kliver, Elena; Shirokova, Natalya; Karaskov, Alexander; Dib, Nabil

    2011-12-01

    Most studies have confirmed the beneficial effects of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cell (BMMC) transplantation on angina, myocardial perfusion, regional wall motion, and LV ejection fraction (LVEF). Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has also shown a beneficial effect in patients with heart failure (HF) and electrical/mechanical dyssynchrony. However, the relative contribution of BMMC and CRT in patients with ischemic HF and electromechanical dyssynchrony has never been investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit of combining BMMC transplantation with CRT in patients with severe ischemic HF, left bundle branch block (LBBB), and mechanical dyssynchrony. Patients with ischemic HF, LVEF < 35%, LBBB, and mechanical dyssynchrony underwent intramyocardial transplantation of BMMC and CRTD system implantation. This randomized, single-blind, crossover study compared clinical and echocardiographic parameters during two follow-up periods: 6 months of active CRT (BMMC + CRTact) and 6 months of inactive CRT (BMMC + CRTinact). Physical performance was assessed by means of a 6-min walking test. Myocardial perfusion was evaluated by SPECT. Quality of Life (QoL) was assessed through the Minnesota Living with HF Questionnaire (MLwHFQ). Twenty-six patients (64 ± 7 years) were enrolled in the study. The distance covered by the patients during the 6-min walking test significantly increased in the BMMC + CRTinact phase (BMMC therapy only) in comparison with the baseline (269 ± 68 vs 206 ± 51; p = 0.007) and in the BMMC + CRTact phase (BMMC therapy + CRT) in comparison with the BMMC + CRTinact (378 ± 59 vs 269 ± 68; p < 0.001). The summed rest and stress score (SPECT) decreased significantly in the BMMC + CRTact and BMMC + CRTinact phases in comparison with the baseline (p ≤ 0.03). Both phases showed equivalent myocardial perfusion in the segments into which BMMC had been injected. QoL score was significantly lower in the BMMC

  10. Veno-occlusive disease (VOD) of the liver in Korean patients following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT): efficacy of recombinant human tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) treatment.

    PubMed

    Lee, J H; Lee, K H; Choi, J S; Zang, D Y; Kim, S B; Kim, S W; Suh, C; Lee, J S; Kim, W K; Lee, Y S; Kim, S H

    1996-04-01

    Veno-occlusive disease (VOD) of the liver is a clinical syndrome characterized by hyperbilirubinemia, painful hepatomegaly, and fluid retention. In the bone marrow transplantation (BMT) setting, VOD is caused by dose-intensive chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy used to prepare patients for transplant. VOD occurs in up to 50% of the patients who undergo BMT and is usually associated with a high mortality rate. Until recently, there was no proven effective medical therapy for this condition once it was clinically apparent. We report here on the frequency and treatment result of VOD with rt-PA in our allogeneic BMT patients. Eight patients (median age 28.5 years) underwent allogeneic BMT from December, 1993 to June, 1995 in Asan Medical Center. Six leukemia patients were prepared for BMT with busulfan and cyclophosphmide, while two aplastic anemia patients received cyclophosphamide and antithymocyte globulin. VOD was defined as having two of the following features before day 20 posttransplant: jaundice (bilirubin > or = 2 mg/dL), tender hepatomegaly and/or right upper quadrant pain, ascites and/or unexplained weight gain (> 2% from baseline). All patients who were diagnosed with VOD received rt-PA (10-20 mg/day) and heparin (10,000 U/day). Three (37.5%) of the eight patients developed VOD that occurred between 6 and 10 days posttransplant. All three patients developed jaundice, weight gain, and tender hepatomegaly. Ascites and renal insufficiency occurred in two patients and pleural effusion in one patient. rt-PA and heparin were begun 6 to 26 days posttransplant and rt-PA was administered for 7 to 14 days. All three patients responded to the therapy; bilirubin levels began to decrease at 4 to 13 days from the start of therapy. They are all alive at day 111, 316, and 548 days posttransplant. None of the patients had significant hemorrhagic complications after rt-PA treatment. Prolonged administration of rt-PA was feasible without bleeding episode and it seems that rt

  11. CT analysis of lung density changes in patients undergoing total body irradiation prior to bone marrow transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, J.Y.; Shank, B.; Bonfiglio, P.; Reid, A.

    1984-10-01

    Sequential changes in lung density measured by CT are potentially sensitive and convenient monitors of lung abnormalities following total body irradiation (TBI). Methods have been developed to compare pre- and post-TBI CT of lung. The average local features of a cross-sectional lung slice are extracted from three peripheral regions of interest in the anterior, posterior, and lateral portions of the CT image. Also, density profiles across a specific region may be obtained. These may be compared first for verification of patient position and breathing status and then for changes between pre- and post-TBI. These may also be compared with radiation dose profiles through the lung. A preliminary study on 21 leukemia patients undergoing total body irradiation indicates the following: (a) Density gradients of patients' lungs in the antero-posterior direction show a marked heterogeneity before and after transplantation compared with normal lungs. The patients with departures from normal density gradients pre-TBI correlate with later pulmonary complications. (b) Measurements of average peripheral lung densities have demonstrated that the average lung density in the younger age group is substantially higher: pre-TBI, the average CT number (1,000 scale) is -638 +/- 39 Hounsfield unit (HU) for 0-10 years old and -739 +/- 53 HU for 21-40 years old. (c) Density profiles showed no post-TBI regional changes in lung density corresponding to the dose profile across the lung, so no differentiation of a radiation-specific effect has yet been possible. Computed tomographic density profiles in the antero-posterior direction are successfully used to verify positioning of the CT slice and the breathing level of the lung.

  12. REDUCED INTENSITY HEMATOPOIETIC CELL TRANSPLANTATION FOR PATIENTS WITH PRIMARY MYELOFIBROSIS: A COHORT ANALYSIS FROM THE CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL BLOOD AND MARROW TRANSPLANT RESEARCH

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Vikas; Malone, Adriana K.; Hari, Parameswaran N.; Ahn, Kwang Woo; Hu, Zhen-Huan; Gale, Robert Peter; Ballen, Karen K.; Hamadani, Mehdi; Olavarria, Eduardo; Gerds, Aaron T.; Waller, Edmund K.; Costa, Luciano J.; Antin, Joseph H.; Kamble, Rammurti T.; van Besien, Koen M.; Savani, Bipin N.; Schouten, Harry C.; Szer, Jeffrey; Cahn, Jean-Yves; de Lima, Marcos J.; Wirk, Baldeep; Aljurf, Mahmoud D.; Popat, Uday; Bejanyan, Nelli; Litzow, Mark R.; Norkin, Maxim; Lewis, Ian D.; Hale, Gregory A.; Woolfrey, Ann E.; Miller, Alan M.; Ustun, Celalettin; Jagasia, Madan H.; Lill, Michael; Maziarz, Richard T.; Cortes, Jorge; Kalaycio, Matt E.; Saber, Wael

    2014-01-01

    We evaluated the outcomes and associated prognostic factors in 233 patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for primary myelofibrosis (MF) using reduced intensity conditioning (RIC). Median age at HCT was 55 years. Donors were: matched sibling donor (MSD), 34%; HLA-well-matched unrelated donors (URD), 45%; and partially/mismatched URD, 21%. Risk stratification according to Dynamic International Prognostic Scoring System (DIPSS): low, 12%; intermediate-1, 49%; intermediate-2, 37%; and high, 1%. The probability of survival at 5-years was 47% (95% CI 40–53). In a multivariate analysis, donor type was the only independent factor associated with survival. Adjusted probabilities of survival at 5-years for MSD, well matched URD and partially matched/mismatched URD were 56% (95% CI 44–67), 48% (95% CI 37–58), and 34% (95% CI 21–47), respectively (p=0.002). Relative risks (RR) for NRM for well-matched URD and partially matched/mismatched URD were 3.92 (p=0.006) and 9.37 (p<0.0001), respectively. A trend towards increased NRM (RR 1.7, p=0.07) and inferior survival (RR 1.37, p=0.10) was observed in DIPSS-intermediate-2/high-risk patients compared to DIPSS-low/intermediate-1 risk patients. RIC HCT is a potentially curative option for patients with MF, and donor type is the most important factor influencing survival in these patients. PMID:24161923

  13. Autologous Pancreatic Islet Transplantation in Human Bone Marrow

    PubMed Central

    Maffi, Paola; Balzano, Gianpaolo; Ponzoni, Maurilio; Nano, Rita; Sordi, Valeria; Melzi, Raffaella; Mercalli, Alessia; Scavini, Marina; Esposito, Antonio; Peccatori, Jacopo; Cantarelli, Elisa; Messina, Carlo; Bernardi, Massimo; Del Maschio, Alessandro; Staudacher, Carlo; Doglioni, Claudio; Ciceri, Fabio; Secchi, Antonio; Piemonti, Lorenzo

    2013-01-01

    The liver is the current site of choice for pancreatic islet transplantation, even though it is far from being ideal. We recently have shown in mice that the bone marrow (BM) may be a valid alternative to the liver, and here we report a pilot study to test feasibility and safety of BM as a site for islet transplantation in humans. Four patients who developed diabetes after total pancreatectomy were candidates for the autologous transplantation of pancreatic islet. Because the patients had contraindications for intraportal infusion, islets were infused in the BM. In all recipients, islets engrafted successfully as shown by measurable posttransplantation C-peptide levels and histopathological evidence of insulin-producing cells or molecular markers of endocrine tissue in BM biopsy samples analyzed during follow-up. Thus far, we have recorded no adverse events related to the infusion procedure or the presence of islets in the BM. Islet function was sustained for the maximum follow-up of 944 days. The encouraging results of this pilot study provide new perspectives in identifying alternative sites for islet infusion in patients with type 1 diabetes. Moreover, this is the first unequivocal example of successful engraftment of endocrine tissue in the BM in humans. PMID:23733196

  14. Rapid autologous marrow recovery and eradication of infectious mononucleosis despite severe immunosuppression following second transplantation for aplastic anemia.

    PubMed

    Rossbach, H C; Hosler, K M; Chamizo, W; Mueller, T; Grana, N H; Lacson, A G; Barbosa, J L

    1999-01-01

    A patient with aplastic anemia failed to respond to immunosuppressive therapy and first marrow transplantation (BMT). Recovery of autologous hematopoiesis was rapid following a second stem cell transplant with a non-myeloablative preparatory regimen. The autologous immune response to infectious mononucleosis (IM) 4 weeks post-transplant was normal despite recent and ongoing severe immunosuppression.

  15. Immunoglobulin levels in dogs after total-body irradiation and bone marrow transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Vriesendorp, H.M.; Halliwell, R.E.; Johnson, P.M.; Fey, T.A.; McDonough, C.M.

    1985-06-01

    The influence of total-body irradiation (TBI) and autologous or allogeneic bone marrow transplantation on serum immunoglobulin subclasses was determined in a dog model. Only IgG1 levels decreased after low-dose (+/- 4.5 Gy) TBI, but levels of all immunoglobulin classes fell after high-dose TBI (8.5 GyX1 or 2X6.0 Gy). After autologous bone marrow transplantation IgM levels were the first and IgE levels were the last to return to normal. After successful allogeneic bone marrow transplantation prolonged low IgM and IgE levels were found but IgA levels increased rapidly to over 150% of pretreatment values. A comparison of dogs with or without clinical signs or graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), revealed no differences in IgM levels. Dogs with GVHD had higher IgA but lower IgE levels. Dogs that rejected their allogeneic bone marrow cells showed significant early rises in IgE and IgA levels in comparison with dogs with GVHD. These results differ from the observations made on Ig levels in human bone marrow transplant patients. No significant differences in phytohemagglutinin stimulation tests were found between dogs with or without GVHD or dogs receiving an autologous transplant for the first four months after TBI and transplantation. An early primary or secondary involvement of humoral immunity in GVHD and graft rejection in dogs is postulated.

  16. Association of clinical status of follicular lymphoma patients after autologous stem cell transplant and quantitative assessment of lymphoma in blood and bone marrow as measured by SYBR Green I polymerase chain reaction.

    PubMed

    Pennell, Nancy; Woods, Anthony; Reis, Marciano; Buckstein, Rena; Spaner, David; Imrie, Kevin; Hewitt, Karen; Boudreau, Angela; Seth, Arun; Berinstein, Neil L

    2006-02-01

    Molecular remission in the autograft and bone marrow after transplant are predictive of durable clinical remission in relapsed follicular lymphoma. Thus, a simple reliable method to quantify minimal residual disease (MRD) would improve prognostication in these patients. Fluorescent hybridization probes have been used in real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) to monitor MRD with a reproducible sensitivity of 0.01%; however, these techniques are expensive and require additional experiments to examine clonality. We describe a SYBR Green I detection method that is more universal, checks clonal identity, yields the same sensitivity for monitoring MRD, and is more economically attractive. Using this method to follow 14 follicular lymphoma patients treated with autologous stem cell transplantation, molecular markers were successfully defined for 12 patients. Median contamination of stem-cell grafts was 0.1% (range, 0 to 13%). Six patients with measurable graft contamination became PCR-negative in blood and bone marrow within 12 months after autologous stem cell transplantation. Three patients free of disease progression (median follow-up of 75 months) are in molecular remission. Increasing fractions of RQ-PCR-positive blood and bone marrow cells reliably predicted morphological and clinical relapse. In one case, both clinical relapse and spontaneous regression were reflected by changes in MRD levels. Thus, our RQ-PCR method reproducibly distinguishes different levels of MRD.

  17. Australian Dental Research Fund Trebitsch Scholarship. Efficacy of antifungal prophylaxis in bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Quirk, P C; Osborne, P J; Walsh, L J

    1995-08-01

    Oral candidal infection is a common problem in bone marrow transplantation. This prospective study compared the effectiveness of antifungal prophylaxis with topical antifungals (nystatin and amphotericin B suspensions) versus oral fluconazole in 196 patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation. Oral candidosis occurred frequently in the group receiving topical antifungals (61/113, 54%), but was rare in the group receiving fluconazole (6/83, 7%). The difference in efficacy between the two groups was highly significant (p < 0.00001). There was no difference in the incidence of suspected systemic fungal infection between the two groups. While nausea was a problem with antifungal suspensions, no significant adverse reactions to fluconazole occurred. Because of greater efficacy in preventing oral candidosis and better patient tolerance, oral fluconazole is preferred to antifungal suspensions for prophylactic use in patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation.

  18. Marrow damage and hematopoietic recovery following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for acute leukemias: Effect of radiation dose and conditioning regimen.

    PubMed

    Wilke, Christopher; Holtan, Shernan G; Sharkey, Leslie; DeFor, Todd; Arora, Mukta; Premakanthan, Priya; Yohe, Sophia; Vagge, Stefano; Zhou, Daohong; Holter Chakrabarty, Jennifer L; Mahe, Marc; Corvo, Renzo; Dusenbery, Kathryn; Storme, Guy; Weisdorf, Daniel J; Verneris, Michael R; Hui, Susanta

    2016-01-01

    Total body irradiation (TBI) is a common component of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) conditioning regimens. Preclinical studies suggest prolonged bone marrow (BM) injury after TBI could contribute to impaired engraftment and poor hematopoietic function. We studied the longitudinal changes in the marrow environment in patients receiving allogeneic HCT with myeloablative (MA, n=42) and reduced intensity (RIC, n=56) doses of TBI from 2003-2013, including BM cellularity, histologic features of injury and repair, hematologic and immunologic recovery. Following MA conditioning, a 30% decrease in the marrow cellularity persisted at 1 year post-transplant (p=0.03). RIC HCT marrow cellularity transiently decreased but returned to baseline by 6 months even though the RIC group received mostly umbilical cord blood (UCB) grafts (82%, vs. 17% in the MA cohort, p<0.01). There was no evidence of persistent marrow vascular damage or inflammation. Recipients of more intensive conditioning did not show more persistent cytopenias with the exception of a tendency for minimal thrombocytopenia. Immune recovery was similar between MA and RIC. These findings suggest that TBI associated with MA conditioning leads to prolonged reductions in marrow cellularity, but does not show additional histological evidence of long-term injury, which is further supported by similar peripheral counts and immunologic recovery. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Hot topics in parenteral nutrition. A review of the use of glutamine supplementation in the nutritional support of patients undergoing bone-marrow transplantation and traditional cancer therapy.

    PubMed

    Crowther, Mark

    2009-08-01

    The relationship between glutamine and malignancy can be traced back to the 1950s and the requirement for glutamine for malignant-cell growth in culture. Later studies demonstrated an association between the rate of proliferation of the malignant cells and glutamine usage. The excessive use of glutamine by malignant cells was seen as an opportunity for the development of a treatment using glutamine analogues, but unfortunately excessive toxicity was observed during clinical studies. In animal models glutamine supplementation, initially thought to increase tumour growth, actually causes tumour regression as a result of improved immune clearance of the tumour and appears to reduce the severity of the side effects of chemo- and radiotherapy. This finding led to human studies in both traditional cancer therapy and bone-marrow transplantation, which are reviewed here. Unfortunately, the majority of the studies performed are small and have poor methodological reporting. There is clinical heterogeneity in terms of routes of administration, dosing schedules, chemotherapy regimens and diseases. Studies of glutamine in non-bone-marrow transplantation chemo- and/or radiotherapy treatment suggest a possible trend towards reductions in objective mucositis but no effect on subjective symptoms. There is no evidence for its effect on other clinical outcomes. For bone-marrow transplantation there appears to be some benefit from oral glutamine in reducing mucositis and graft v. host disease, while intravenous glutamine may reduce infections but at the expense of an increased relapse rate. Good-quality studies are required in this area.

  20. Toxoplasma gondii infection in marrow transplant recipients: a 20 year experience.

    PubMed

    Slavin, M A; Meyers, J D; Remington, J S; Hackman, R C

    1994-05-01

    Twelve of 3803 consecutive marrow allograft patients treated at this center over the past 20 years have had a post-transplant tissue diagnosis of toxoplasmosis: 10 at autopsy and 2 by brain biopsy. This infection was identified in none of 509 autologous marrow recipients. Occurrence of toxoplasmosis was 0.31 cases per 100 allogeneic transplants and 1.0 per 100 autopsies. An estimated 15% of allogeneic transplant recipients were seropositive for Toxoplasma gondii and 2% of seropositive patients developed toxoplasmosis. Pre-transplant serology was positive by both dye and agglutination tests in 11 infected patients tested. Sequential IgG, IgM, IgA, IgE antibody titers to T. gondii and the differential agglutination ratio were not helpful in diagnosing toxoplasmosis. Median day of clinical presentation was day 59 post-transplant (35-97 days) and of diagnosis, day 62 after transplant (37-143 days). Eleven patients had graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) of grades II-IV. All 12 patients died. Infection was diagnosed prior to death in only 16% of patients and contributed to death in at least 40%. Histopathology revealed tachyzoites of T. gondii most prevalent in brain (100%), heart (67%) and lungs (33%), and toxoplasma cysts alone in heart (33%) and lungs (22%). Toxoplasma infection was diagnosed in two patients receiving trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia prophylaxis suggesting this was insufficient prophylaxis for toxoplasmosis. Toxoplasmosis appeared to occur by reactivation within the first 6 months after marrow transplant. Infection developed in patients who were seropositive for T. gondii pre-transplant, had received allogeneic marrow and had severe GVHD.

  1. Haemophilus influenzae type b (HIB)-conjugate immunization before bone marrow harvest in autologous bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Molrine, D C; Guinan, E C; Antin, J H; Wheeler, C; Parsons, S K; Weinstein, H J; McGarigle, C; Blanding, P; Phillips, N R; Ciamarra, A; George, S; Ambrosino, D M

    1996-06-01

    Immune reconstitution following autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) is characterized by defects in B cell and T cell function and loss of specific antibody. In the late post-transplant period, patients are at risk for infections with polysaccharide encapsulated organisms and respond poorly to polysaccharide vaccines. We examined whether immunizing ABMT patients before bone marrow (BM) harvest enhanced the early recovery of specific antibody. Twelve patients were immunized before BM harvest with Haemophilus influenzae type b (HIB)-conjugate, tetanus toxoid and polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccines. Forty-one comparable ABMT patients not immunized prior to BM harvest were also studied. Following ABMT, both groups of patients were immunized with HIB-conjugate and tetanus toxoid vaccines at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months and with pneumococcal vaccine at 12 and 24 months. Patients immunized before BM harvest had higher HIB antibody concentrations during the first 2 years post-transplant, the differences reaching significance at 3 months (P = 0.0001) and following the 24-month dose (P = 0.048). Tetanus toxoid antibody concentrations were also significantly higher at 3 months (P = 0.001) and 6 months (P = 0.032) in patients immunized before BM harvest. There were no differences in pneumococcal antibody concentrations between the two groups. Immunization of patients before bone marrow harvest resulted in higher anti-HIB antibody concentrations following ABMT and may be an effective strategy to prevent infectious complications.

  2. Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma developed 11 years after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for acute lymphatic leukemia.

    PubMed

    Miyawaki, Yutaka; Imoto, Issei; Tokairin, Yutaka; Kawada, Kenro; Nakajima, Yasuaki; Nishikage, Tetsuro; Nagai, Kagami; Kajiwara, Michiko; Inazawa, Johji; Kawano, Tatsuyuki

    2013-01-01

    Younger patients (aged <30 years) presenting with esophageal cancer are rare. Bone marrow transplantation offers a curative therapy in patients with malignant and nonmalignant lymphohematopoietic diseases and other disorders. However, one important late complication in transplantation survivors is the development of secondary malignancies including solid tumors. Although some solid cancers have been demonstrated to occur after bone marrow transplantation, only a few cases of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma have thus far been reported. We herein describe the case of a 27-year-old male with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, who was diagnosed with T-cell-type acute lymphatic leukemia at the age of 12 and relapsed 5 years later. He achieved a second complete remission and underwent bone marrow transplantation at the age of 17. A genetic analysis revealed germ-line lineage-derived chimeric cellular populations of the donor and patient on both the esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and non tumorous portions of the patient's esophageal mucosa with a preponderance of the patient's germ-line lineage-derived cells, suggesting that repopulated donor-derived hemopoietic stem cells in the esophageal epithelia only partially contributed to the carcinogenesis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma several years after bone marrow transplantation. Multiple events occurring during the course of treatment for primary hematological disorder may play an important role in the development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

  3. Parentage testing implications of male fertility after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Lipton, J H; Marshall, W H; Waye, J S

    1999-01-01

    Fertility is expected to be reduced after the extensive chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy that is needed for conditioning prior to bone marrow transplantation. However, a male patient can be fertile, and in very rare situations such as reported here, this may confuse subsequent paternity testing. The patient, initially excluded as the biological father by red cell types but not by HLA, was subsequently included after the history of his previous marrow transplant was revealed, a review of the HLA results and further RFLP testing on buccal mucosal cells. This case points to the need for good history taking before performing paternity testing.

  4. Living related liver transplant following bone marrow transplantation from same donor: long-term survival without immunosuppression.

    PubMed

    Granot, E; Loewenthal, R; Jakobovich, E; Gazit, E; Sokal, E; Reding, R

    2012-02-01

    We report long-term (seven yr) immunological tolerance in a 16-yr-old boy, to a liver allograft donated by his father following a bone marrow transplant at age 2.5 yr from the same donor. The bone marrow transplant was complicated by severe GVHD leading to liver failure and the ensuing need for a liver transplant, performed under planned avoidance of immunosuppression. At one wk post-transplant, although a liver biopsy was histologically compatible with acute rejection, favorable clinical and biochemical evolution precluded initiating immunosuppressive therapy, thus highlighting the need for caution when interpreting early histological changes so that administration of unnecessary immunosuppression can be avoided. Induction of tolerance in transplant recipients remains an elusive goal. In those patients who had received conventional bone marrow transplants and had endured the consequences of GVHD, development of macrochimerism may allow immunosuppression-free solid organ transplantation from the same donor. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

  5. Ventricular arrhythmias following intracoronary bone marrow stem cell transplantation.

    PubMed

    Villa, Adolfo; Sanchez, Pedro L; Fernandez-Aviles, Francisco

    2007-12-01

    We describe the appearance of delayed episodes of ventricular arrhythmias in 4 patients out of 72 undergoing intracoronary transplantation of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMC) following ST elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI). Two cases with severely depressed systolic function presented electrical storms with monomorphic sustained ventricular tachycardia (SVT) within 2 to 3 days following cell transplantation, even though there were no periprocedural complications. Both patients were implanted with an internal defibrillator (ICD) after ruling out coronary re-occlusion. The remaining 2 patients presented several asymptomatic episodes of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia within one month following cell transfer. Only one of the latter presented syncopal SVT through programmed ventricular stimulation, undergoing ICD implantation afterwards. Neither new arrhythmic episodes nor ICD interventions have occurred during later follow-up of the three ICD patients (639+/-59 days). Information from large multicenter databases and our historical cohort of STEMI patients indicates that the rate of VT occurring within the first weeks after the initial 48 hours of infarction is significantly lower than that observed in our cell-therapy experience. The lack of information regarding the appearance of malignant arrhythmias in patients with severe systolic dysfunction following this type of therapy after STEMI requires us to be extremely cautious. However, any claim of a mechanism related to cell transfer would be completely speculative with the available data. Therefore, our only aim when reporting our findings is to recommend a short but longer stay (2-3 days) following cell transplantation, particularly in patients with a natural tendency to develop arrhythmic events.

  6. Bone marrow failure unresponsive to bone marrow transplant is caused by mutations in thrombopoietin.

    PubMed

    Seo, Aaron; Ben-Harosh, Miri; Sirin, Mehtap; Stein, Jerry; Dgany, Orly; Kaplelushnik, Joseph; Hoenig, Manfred; Pannicke, Ulrich; Lorenz, Myriam; Schwarz, Klaus; Stockklausner, Clemens; Walsh, Tom; Gulsuner, Suleyman; Lee, Ming K; Sendamarai, Anoop; Sanchez-Bonilla, Marilyn; King, Mary-Claire; Cario, Holger; Kulozik, Andreas E; Debatin, Klaus-Michael; Schulz, Ansgar; Tamary, Hannah; Shimamura, Akiko

    2017-08-17

    We report 5 individuals in 3 unrelated families with severe thrombocytopenia progressing to trilineage bone marrow failure (BMF). Four of the children received hematopoietic stem cell transplants and all showed poor graft function with persistent severe cytopenias even after repeated transplants with different donors. Exome and targeted sequencing identified mutations in the gene encoding thrombopoietin (THPO): THPO R99W, homozygous in affected children in 2 families, and THPO R157X, homozygous in the affected child in the third family. Both mutations result in a lack of THPO in the patients' serum. For the 2 surviving patients, improvement in trilineage hematopoiesis was achieved following treatment with a THPO receptor agonist. These studies demonstrate that biallelic loss-of-function mutations in THPO cause BMF, which is unresponsive to transplant due to a hematopoietic cell-extrinsic mechanism. These studies provide further support for the critical role of the MPL-THPO pathway in hematopoiesis and highlight the importance of accurate genetic diagnosis to inform treatment decisions for BMF. © 2017 by The American Society of Hematology.

  7. Enhanced mobilization of the bone marrow–derived circulating progenitor cells by intracoronary freshly isolated bone marrow cells transplantation in patients with acute myocardial infarction

    PubMed Central

    Turan, R G; Bozdag-T, I; Turan, C H; Ortak, J; Akin, I; Kische, S; Schneider, H; Rauchhaus, M; Rehders, T C; Kleinfeldt, T; Belu, C; Amen, S; Hermann, T; Yokus, S; Brehm, M; Steiner, S; Chatterjee, T; Sahin, K; Nienaber, C A; Ince, H

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Autologous bone marrow cell transplantation (BMCs-Tx) is a promising novel option for treatment of cardiovascular disease. We analysed in a randomized controlled study the influence of the intracoronary autologous freshly isolated BMCs-Tx on the mobilization of bone marrow–derived circulating progenitor cells (BM-CPCs) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Sixty-two patients with AMI were randomized to either freshly isolated BMCs-Tx or to a control group without cell therapy. Peripheral blood (PB) concentrations of CD34/45+- and CD133/45+-circulating progenitor cells were measured by flow cytometry in 42 AMI patients with cell therapy as well as in 20 AMI patients without cell therapy as a control group on days 1, 3, 5, 7, 8 and 3, 6 as well as 12 months after AMI. Global ejection fraction (EF) and the size of infarct area were determined by left ventriculography. We observed in patients with freshly isolated BMCs-Tx at 3 and 12 months follow up a significant reduction of infarct size and increase of global EF as well as infarct wall movement velocity. The mobilization of CD34/45+ and CD133/45+ BM-CPCs significantly increased with a peak on day 7 as compared to baseline after AMI in both groups (CD34/45+: P < 0.001, CD133/45+: P < 0.001). Moreover, this significant mobilization of BM-CPCs existed 3, 6 and 12 months after cell therapy compared to day 1 after AMI. In control group, there were no significant differences of CD34/45+ and CD133/45+ BM-CPCs mobilization between day 1 and 3, 6 and 12 months after AMI. Intracoronary transplantation of autologous freshly isolated BMCs by use of point of care system in patients with AMI may enhance and prolong the mobilization of CD34/45+ and CD133/45+ BM-CPCs in PB and this might increase the regenerative potency after AMI. PMID:21707914

  8. NKT cells, Treg, and their interactions in bone marrow transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Kohrt, Holbrook E.; Pillai, Asha B.; Lowsky, Robert; Strober, Samuel

    2010-01-01

    Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is a potentially curative treatment for patients with leukemia and lymphoma. Tumor eradication is promoted by the anti-tumor activity of donor T cells contained in the transplant; however, donor T cells also mediate the serious side effect of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Separation of GVHD from graft anti-tumor activity is an important goal of research in improving transplant outcome. One approach is to take advantage of the immunomodulatory activity of regulatory NKT cells and CD4+ CD25+ Treg of host and/or donor origin. Both host and donor NKT cells and donor Treg are able to prevent GVHD in murine models. In this review, we summarize the mechanisms of NKT cell- and Treg-mediated protection against GVHD in mice while maintaining graft anti-tumor activity. In addition, we also examine the interactions between NKT cells and Treg in the context of BMT, and integrate the data from murine experimental models with the observations made in humans. PMID:20583031

  9. Key role of staff competencies for patient and donor safety in a bone marrow transplantation unit: design and implementation of an accredited training and self-assessment program.

    PubMed

    Lamanna, C; Baroni, M; Bisin, S; Gianassi, S; Bambi, F; Caselli, D; Aricò, M

    2010-01-01

    Human resources represent at the moment the most critical factor in an hospital setting characterized by a high rate of staff turnover. It is important to ensure a consistent level of expertise and knowledge of professionals who work in health care facilities to provide quality services and simultaneously support the implementation of strategies for patient safety. Unfortunately, the development of effective interventions for training newly added staff and self-evaluation of skills possessed by trained staff are closely related to understanding critical aspects of the organization. At the new Center for Bone Marrow Transplantation and Blood Transfusion Service in Meyer Hospital, during the last year, a group of professional nurses and technicians completed a specific plan to train new staff and, at the same time, a program of self-assessment of skills for experienced staff. The main purpose of this project was to promote skills development by newly added as well as experienced staff, to identify areas of weaknesses, and to correct them with training (organized by the hospital, departmental, or individual) designed to improve performance. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. The future for treatment by bone marrow transplantation for adrenoleukodystrophy, metachromatic leukodystrophy, globoid cell leukodystrophy and Hurler syndrome.

    PubMed

    Krivit, W; Lockman, L A; Watkins, P A; Hirsch, J; Shapiro, E G

    1995-01-01

    Within the past decade, bone marrow transplantation has been applied to over 200 patients worldwide with the intention of treating storage diseases. Bone marrow transplantation has provided a method for treatment of adrenoleukodystrophy, metachromatic leukodystrophy, globoid cell leukodystrophy and Hurler syndrome. After engraftment, significant improvement in the clinical course of each of these diseases occurs. Survival data of engrafted patients are superior to those of non-transplanted. Engraftment and the resulting enzymatic reconstitution are concordant. Outcomes based on neuropsychological tests indicate continued maintenance and in some cases increase in cognitive function. Magnetic resonance imaging as well as spectroscopic examinations of the brain provide further evidence that positive changes occur in the central nervous system following long-term engraftment. A better quality of life follows engraftment. Greater gains from use of bone marrow transplantation for these particular storage diseases will occur in the future. Earlier diagnosis will allow bone marrow transplantation in the presymptomatic stage at a younger age, providing an enhancement of positive effects noted from such treatment. At the same time, advances in bone marrow technology will serve to reduce the risk factors involved with the bone marrow transplantation process itself. These two factors taken together will be more than additive in providing benefits from use of bone marrow transplantation.

  11. Analyzing the cellular contribution of bone marrow to fracture healing using bone marrow transplantation in mice

    SciTech Connect

    Colnot, C. . E-mail: colnotc@orthosurg.ucsf.edu; Huang, S.; Helms, J.

    2006-11-24

    The bone marrow is believed to play important roles during fracture healing such as providing progenitor cells for inflammation, matrix remodeling, and cartilage and bone formation. Given the complex nature of bone repair, it remains difficult to distinguish the contributions of various cell types. Here we describe a mouse model based on bone marrow transplantation and genetic labeling to track cells originating from bone marrow during fracture healing. Following lethal irradiation and engraftment of bone marrow expressing the LacZ transgene constitutively, wild type mice underwent tibial fracture. Donor bone marrow-derived cells, which originated from the hematopoietic compartment, did not participate in the chondrogenic and osteogenic lineages during fracture healing. Instead, the donor bone marrow contributed to inflammatory and bone resorbing cells. This model can be exploited in the future to investigate the role of inflammation and matrix remodeling during bone repair, independent from osteogenesis and chondrogenesis.

  12. 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing reveals shift in patient faecal microbiota during high-dose chemotherapy as conditioning regimen for bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Montassier, Emmanuel; Batard, Eric; Massart, Sébastien; Gastinne, Thomas; Carton, Thomas; Caillon, Jocelyne; Le Fresne, Sophie; Caroff, Nathalie; Hardouin, Jean Benoit; Moreau, Philippe; Potel, Gilles; Le Vacon, Françoise; de La Cochetière, Marie France

    2014-04-01

    Gastrointestinal disturbances are a side-effect frequently associated with haematological malignancies due to the intensive cytotoxic treatment given in connection with bone marrow transplantation (BMT). However, intestinal microbiota changes during chemotherapy remain poorly described, probably due to the use of culture-based and low-resolution molecular methods in previous studies. The objective of our study was to apply a next generation DNA sequencing technology to analyse chemotherapy-induced changes in faecal microbiota. We included eight patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma undergoing one course of BMT conditioning chemotherapy. We collected a prechemotherapy faecal sample, the day before chemotherapy was initiated, and a postchemotherapy sample, collected 1 week after the initiation of chemotherapy. Total DNA was extracted from faecal samples, denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography based on amplification of the V6 to V8 region of the 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene, and 454-pyrosequencing of the 16 S rRNA gene, using PCR primers targeting the V5 and V6 hypervariable 16S rRNA gene regions were performed. Raw sequence data were screened, trimmed, and filtered using the QIIME pipeline. We observed a steep reduction in alpha diversity and significant differences in the composition of the intestinal microbiota in response to chemotherapy. Chemotherapy was associated with a drastic drop in Faecalibacterium and accompanied by an increase of Escherichia. The chemotherapy-induced shift in the intestinal microbiota could induce severe side effects in immunocompromised cancer patients. Our study is a first step in identifying patients at risk for gastrointestinal disturbances and to promote strategies to prevent this drastic shift in intestinal microbiota.

  13. A simple technique for red blood cell removal in major ABO-incompatible bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Mayer, G; Wernet, D; Northoff, H; Schneider, W

    1994-01-01

    A simple technique for red blood cell (RBC) removal in major ABO-incompatible bone marrow transplantation is reported requiring two centrifugation steps, special blood bags and a mechanical device to separate the buffy coat from RBCs within the bag. In 42 transplantations an average of 84% of nucleated cells was recovered with an average contamination of 7.5 ml packed RBCs. The preparations were well tolerated in all patients whose isoagglutinin titers had not been reduced. Bone marrow engraftment was not significantly different from control groups.

  14. Oral administration of cyclosporin A for recipients of allogeneic marrow transplants: implications of clinical gut dysfunction.

    PubMed

    Atkinson, K; Biggs, J C; Britton, K; Short, R; Mrongovius, R; Concannon, A; Dodds, A

    1984-02-01

    Cyclosporin A (CyA) was used to minimize graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in 28 recipients of allogeneic marrow transplants. When given orally, the absorption of CyA was markedly dependent on normal gut function. Patients without gut dysfunction showed normal serum concentration-time curves while those with diarrhoea from any cause (chemo-radiation enteritis, acute GVHD of the gut, infectious enteritis) showed minimal absorption of the drug. These data indicate the desirability of the intravenous administration of CyA during periods of gut dysfunction in marrow transplant recipients.

  15. Disseminated nocardiosis after unrelated bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Hino, Yutaro; Doki, Noriko; Senoo, Yasushi; Sekiya, Noritaka; Kurosawa, Shuhei; Tsuboi, Satoshi; Ohashi, Kazuteru

    2016-12-01

    Nocardiosis is a rare bacterial infection occurring mainly in patients with deficient cell-mediated immunity. Although disseminated nocardiosis after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is a rare complication, it is associated with high mortality. Moreover, after allo-HSCT, nocardiosis may be mistaken for other bacterial or fungal infections because clinical and radiographic findings of pulmonary, cerebral, and cutaneous nocardiosis lesions are non-specific. Here, we report a case of disseminated nocardiosis (caused by Nocardia abscessus) with skin, pulmonary, liver, lymph node, and multiple brain abscesses in a patient after allo-HSCT. The patient initially responded clinically and radiographically to imipenem/cilastin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole therapy. Clinicians should be aware of the possibility of nocardiosis in allo-HSCT recipients who are treated with multiple immunosuppressive agents to control chronic graft-versus-host disease. Accurate diagnosis and identification of disseminated nocardiosis is important to ensure administration of the correct antibiotic regimen. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Unrelated Donor Bone Marrow Transplantation for Children With Acute Myeloid Leukemia Beyond First Remission or Refractory to Chemotherapy

    PubMed Central

    Bunin, Nancy J.; Davies, Stella M.; Aplenc, Richard; Camitta, Bruce M.; DeSantes, Kenneth B.; Goyal, Rakesh K.; Kapoor, Neena; Kernan, Nancy A.; Rosenthal, Joseph; Smith, Franklin O.; Eapen, Mary

    2008-01-01

    Purpose Identify prognostic factors that influence outcome after unrelated donor bone marrow transplantation in children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Patients and Methods Included are 268 patients (age ≤ 18 years) with AML in second complete remission (n = 142), relapse (n = 90), or primary induction failure (n = 36) at transplantation. All patients received bone marrow grafts from an unrelated donor and a myeloablative conditioning regimen. Cox regression models were constructed to identify risk factors that influence outcome after transplantation. Results In this analysis, the only risk factor that predicted leukemia recurrence and overall and leukemia-free survival was disease status at transplantation. The 5-year probabilities of leukemia-free survival were 45%, 20%, and 12% for patients who underwent transplantation at second complete remission, relapse, and primary induction failure, respectively. As expected, risk of acute but not chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was lower with T-cell–depleted bone marrow grafts; T-cell–depleted grafts were not associated with higher risks of leukemia recurrence. We observed similar risks of leukemia relapse in patients with and without acute and chronic GVHD. Conclusion Children who underwent transplantation in remission had a superior outcome compared with children who underwent transplantation during relapse or persistent disease. Nevertheless, 20% of children who underwent transplantation in relapse are long-term survivors, suggesting that unrelated donor bone marrow transplantation is an effective therapy in a significant proportion of children with recurrent or primary refractory AML. PMID:18779619

  17. Current status of unrelated-donor bone marrow transplantation. The International Marrow Unrelated Search and Transplant (IMUST) Study.

    PubMed

    Bradley, B A; Hows, J M; Gore, S M; Bidwell, J L; Clay, T; Downie, T R; Gluckman, E; Howard, M R; Laundy, G J

    1992-01-01

    1. The International Marrow Unrelated Search and Transplant (IMUST) Study 1 provides novel prognostic data on outcome of unrelated-donor (UD) searches for patients with well-defined clinical characteristics. Case-types analyzed by multifactorial methods reveal the importance of HLA phenotype, ethnic mismatching, and stage of disease at search request, in predicting search outcome. White patients, with common HLA types and early disease, were least likely to suffer search failure. In contrast, searches for non-White patients with unusual HLA phenotypes and advanced disease were most likely to fail. Of importance, 70% of patients had HLA phenotypes defined as uncommon. 2. Overall donor yield at the 2 UK registries between 1989 and 1991 was 7%, significantly below expectations. Reasons for this shortfall are that theoretical predictions did not consider ethnic mismatch and logistical delays incurred by outdated UD search routines and most importantly HLA-typing inaccuracies. 3. IMUST Study 2 is a prospective multicenter-controlled cohort study comparing HLA-identical sibling donor (ID) and UD-bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for factors affecting BMT outcome. Generous support was provided by 83 BMT centers worldwide. An interim analysis of 165 UD- and 368 ID-BMT, with at least 6 months follow-up after BMT, is described. Unifactorial analysis showed a probability of engraftment at day 100 of 89% after UD- compared with 98% after ID-BMT (p < 0.001). Probability of Grades II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (AGvHD) at 100 days was 52% after UD- compared with 42% after ID-BMT (p < 0.01). Probability of overall survival at day 400 was 42% after UD- compared with 63% after ID-BMT (p < 0.001). Survival on day 400 of those patients receiving UD-BMT for early disease was encouraging at 52%. 4. Multifactorial analysis was performed on combined data from UD- and ID-BMT cohorts to identify various factors predicting engraftment, AGvHD, and overall survival. Survival after UD

  18. Hypocellular acute myeloid leukemia treated with bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Keino, Dai; Kondoh, Kensuke; Ohyama, Ryo; Morimoto, Mizuho; Mori, Tetsuya; Ito, Masafumi; Kinoshita, Akitoshi

    2017-04-01

    Hypocellular acute myeloid leukemia (AML) mainly occurs in elderly patients, and is extremely rare in childhood. There is still no established treatment for hypocellular AML. We report the case of an 11-year-old boy with hypocellular AML who was treated successfully with allogenic bone marrow transplantation (allo-BMT). He presented with fever, pallor and pancytopenia. Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy confirmed a diagnosis of hypocellular AML. Although low-dose cytarabine induced reduction of blasts, it did not lead to complete remission. He subsequently received myeloablative conditioning and allo-BMT. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis included short-course methotrexate and cyclosporine. Neutrophil engraftment (>5 × 10(8) /L) and platelet recovery (>10 × 10(10) /L) were achieved on days 13 and 27, respectively. He developed acute GVHD of the skin (grade 2), which responded well to treatment with prednisolone. He has remained in complete remission for 5 years since allo-BMT. We consider allo-BMT to be feasible for children with hypocellular AML. © 2017 Japan Pediatric Society.

  19. Fatal 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) in a bone marrow transplant recipient.

    PubMed

    Abdo, Anselmo; Alfonso, Carlos; Diaz, Guillermo; Wilford, Mario; Rocha, Maykel; Verdecia, Niurka

    2011-03-02

    Conditions characterized by immunosuppression have been recently reported as risk factors for severe novel swine-origin influenza A (H1N1) virus (S-OIV) infection during the current 2009 pandemic.  We report clinical and virological findings, antiviral therapy, and post-mortem study of S-OIV in an adult bone marrow transplant recipient. The viral genome was amplified by real time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) from a nasopharyngeal swab specimen. The patient developed acute respiratory distress syndrome, septic shock, and eventually succumbed with a severe pulmonary haemorrhage. To the best of our knowledge, the entire clinical/therapy management and pathological examination in a transplant recipient infected with the S-OIV has not been previously documented. The fatal ending in this bone marrow transplant recipient supports recommendations that call for education measures, S-OIV vaccination, early diagnosis and aggressive treatment in the transplant population.

  20. Bone marrow transplantation for globoid cell leukodystrophy, adrenoleukodystrophy, metachromatic leukodystrophy, and Hurler syndrome.

    PubMed

    Krivit, W; Aubourg, P; Shapiro, E; Peters, C

    1999-11-01

    Bone marrow transplantation protocols for inherited metabolic storage diseases are unique for each disorder treated. Differences depend also upon how old the patient was when onset occurred and rate of progression of disease. Treatment is directed to prevent or ameliorate the inexorable neurological deterioration that is the major pathophysiological event in all of these inherited metabolic storage diseases.

  1. Cytomegalovirus sinusitis in a child with chronic myelogenous leukemia following bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Rayes, Ahmad; Sahni, Kiren; Hanna, Christian; Suryadevara, Manika; Goyal, Parul; Cherrick, Irene

    2011-07-01

    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common opportunistic pathogen. CMV sinusitis has been described in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients, but not in other immune compromising conditions. In this report, we describe CMV sinusitis in a child with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) following bone marrow transplantation.

  2. Probable graft-vs-graft reaction in an infant after exchange transfusion and marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Lauer, B A; Githens, J H; Hayward, A R; Conrad, P D; Yanagihara, R T; Tubergen, D G

    1982-07-01

    A newborn with graft-vs-host (GVH) disease following an exchange transfusion was treated by attempting to eradicate the incompatible graft and to reconstitute the child hematologically and immunologically with a bone marrow transplant. The patient was a female term infant (blood group B, Rh+ Coombs test positive) who received a one-unit group O, Rh- exchange transfusion from an unrelated female donor for hyperbilirubinemia due to ABO incompatibility on day 2. Signs of acute GVH disease began on day 8 and the clinical diagnosis was supported by skin biopsy. With antithymocyte globulin and high dose dexamethasone, the GVH reaction improved somewhat. Cyclophosphamide, 200 mg/kg total dose, was given over four days followed by a marrow graft from a brother who was HLA-A, B identical, and probably also D locus compatible in mixed lymphocyte culture. All signs of GVH resolved with cyclophosphamide treatment and hematologic reconstitution was evident by 14 days after transplant. Two weeks later the GVH reaction and aplastic anemia recurred and Y chromatin was detected in only 6% of marrow cells. The infant died on day 80. Autopsy showed disseminated candidiasis, disseminated cytomegalovirus infection, thymic dysplasia, hypoplastic marrow, and other histopathologic changes consistent with GVH disease. The persistence of female cells in blood and bone marrow and the destruction of the reconstituted marrow suggest that the original incompatible transfusion-derived graft was not eliminated and that it ultimately rejected the histocompatible marrow graft.

  3. Twenty years of unrelated donor bone marrow transplantation for pediatric acute leukemia facilitated by the National Marrow Donor Program.

    PubMed

    MacMillan, Margaret L; Davies, Stella M; Nelson, Gene O; Chitphakdithai, Pintip; Confer, Dennis L; King, Roberta J; Kernan, Nancy A

    2008-09-01

    The National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP) has facilitated unrelated donor hematopoietic cell transplants for more than 20 years. In this time period, there have been many changes in clinical practice, including improvements in HLA typing and supportive care, and changes in the source of stem cells. Availability of banked unrelated donor cord blood (incorporated into the NMDP registry in 2000) as a source of stem cells has become an important option for children with leukemia, offering the advantages of immediate availability for children with high-risk disease, the need for a lesser degree of HLA match, and expanding access for those with infrequent HLA haplotypes. Overall survival (OS) in children with acute leukemia transplanted with unrelated donor bone marrow (BM) is markedly better in more recent years, largely attributable to less treatment-related mortality (TRM). Within this cohort, 2-year survival was markedly better for patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in first complete response (CR1) (74%) versus second complete response (CR2) (62%) or more advanced disease (33%). Similar findings are observed with patients with AML, suggesting earlier referral to bone marrow transplant (BMT) is optimal for survival. Notably, this improvement over time was not observed in unmodified peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) recipients, suggesting unmodified PBSC may not be the optimal stem cell source for children.

  4. HLA Typing for Bone Marrow Transplantation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-10-31

    storage of the first product at the apheresis center. It is also common, particularly if products arrive late in the business day, for either PBSC or marrow...over time with products stored at 20°C whereas no notable change was observed with products stored at 4’C (p ɘ.0003). However for BM, platelet

  5. Bone Marrow Transplantation Confers Modest Benefits in Mouse Models of Huntington’s Disease

    PubMed Central

    Kwan, Wanda; Magnusson, Anna; Chou, Austin; Adame, Anthony; Carson, Monica J.; Kohsaka, Shinichi; Masliah, Eliezer; Möller, Thomas; Ransohoff, Richard; Tabrizi, Sarah J.; Björkqvist, Maria; Muchowski, Paul J.

    2013-01-01

    Huntington’s disease (HD) is caused by an expanded polyglutamine tract in the protein huntingtin (htt). Although HD has historically been viewed as a brain-specific disease, htt is expressed ubiquitously, and recent studies indicate that mutant htt might cause changes to the immune system that could contribute to pathogenesis. Monocytes from HD patients and mouse models are hyperactive in response to stimulation, and increased levels of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines are found in pre-manifest patients that correlate with pathogenesis. In this study, wild-type (WT) bone marrow cells were transplanted into two lethally irradiated transgenic mouse models of HD that ubiquitously express full-length htt (YAC128 and BACHD mice). Bone marrow transplantation partially attenuated hypokinetic and motor deficits in HD mice. Increased levels of synapses in the cortex were found in HD mice that received bone marrow transplants. Importantly, serum levels of interleukin-6, interleukin-10, CXC chemokine ligand 1, and interferon-γ were significantly higher in HD than WT mice but were normalized in mice that received a bone marrow transplant. These results suggest that immune cell dysfunction might be an important modifier of pathogenesis in HD. PMID:22219276

  6. Visceral leishmaniasis: a differential diagnosis to remember after bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Dantas Brito, Margarida; Campilho, Fernando; Branca, Rosa; Pinho Vaz, Carlos; Silva, Cristina; Sousa, Teresa; Mendes, Carlos; Campos, António

    2014-01-01

    Leishmania infection in immunocompromised hosts is reported in the literature, mostly concerning human immunodeficiency virus infected patients. It is not well characterized in the context of stem cell transplantation. We report a rare case clinical case of visceral leishmaniasis after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. A 50-year-old Caucasian male was referred to allogeneic bone marrow transplantation with a high-risk acute lymphoblastic B leukemia in first complete remission. Allogeneic SCT was performed with peripheral blood stem cells from an unrelated Portuguese matched donor. In the following months, patient developed mild fluctuating cytopenias, mostly thrombocytopenia (between 60 and 80∗10(9)/L). The only significant complaint was intermittent tiredness. The common causes for thrombocytopenia in this setting were excluded-no evidence of graft versus host disease, no signs of viral or bacterial infection, and no signs of relapsed disease/dysplastic changes. The bone marrow smear performed 12 months after transplantation revealed an unsuspected diagnosis: a massive bone marrow infiltration with amastigotes.

  7. Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis in Recessive Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa following Bone Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Boull, Christina L; Hylwa, Sara A; Sajic, Dusan; Wagner, John E; Tolar, Jakub; Hook, Kristen P

    2016-06-01

    A 3-year-old child with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa treated with bone marrow transplantation subsequently developed body-wide epidermal detachment distinct from his epidermolysis bullosa. Toxic epidermal necrolysis was diagnosed by examination and skin biopsy. Although graft-vs-host disease was considered, he had no features of this diagnosis by laboratory studies or skin biopsy, and he improved without addition of further immune suppressants. Throughout the episode, the patient was maintained on cyclosporine A, a component of his transplant regimen, and also a reported therapy for toxic epidermal necrolysis. He had full recovery. Re-epithelialization occurred in a unique folliculocentric pattern, which we postulate was related to the patient's mesenchymal stem cell infusion, received as an adjunct to his marrow transplantation. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Anti-CD45 radioimmunotherapy using 211At with bone marrow transplantation prolongs survival in a disseminated murine leukemia model

    SciTech Connect

    Orozco, Johnnie J.; Back, Tom; Kenoyer, Aimee L.; Balkin, Ethan R.; Hamlin, Donald K.; Wilbur, D. Scott; Fisher, Darrell R.; Frayo, Shani; Hylarides, Mark; Green, Damian J.; Gopal, Ajay K.; Press, Oliver W.; Pagel, John M.

    2013-05-15

    Anti-CD45 Radioimmunotherapy using an Alpha-Emitting Radionuclide 211At Combined with Bone Marrow Transplantation Prolongs Survival in a Disseminated Murine Leukemia Model ABSTRACT Despite aggressive chemotherapy combined with hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT), many patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) relapse. Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) using antibodies (Ab) labeled primarily with beta-emitting radionuclides has been explored to reduce relapse.

  9. Imiquimod and Photodynamic Therapy Are Useful in the Treatment of Porokeratosis in Children with Bone Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Gracia-Cazaña, Tamara; Vera-Álvarez, Jesús; García-Patos, Vicente; Gilaberte, Yolanda

    2015-01-01

    Porokeratosis is an uncommon disorder that affects keratinization. Immunosuppression may favor the development of porokeratotic lesions. Patients who receive allogenic transplants represent a therapeutic challenge to dermatologists. We report two cases of porokeratosis in children with bone marrow transplant and their excellent response to imiquimod and photodynamic therapy. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. Bone marrow transplantation reverses new-onset immunoinflammatory diabetes in a mouse model.

    PubMed

    Lv, Cheng-Lan; Wang, Jing; Xie, Ting; Ouyang, Jian

    2014-01-01

    Bone marrow transplantation might be an effective method to cure type 1 diabetes mellitus. This study aimed to investigate whether bone marrow transplantation could reverse hyperglycemia in diabetic mice and whether high-dose total body irradiation followed by high-dose bone marrow mononuclear cell infusion could improve the efficiency of bone marrow transplantation in treating diabetic mice. Diabetic mice after multiple low doses of streptozotocin injection were irradiated followed by infusion with approximately 1×10(7) bone marrow mononuclear cells intravenously. Before and after bone marrow transplantation, fasting blood glucose, intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test, serum insulin, pancreatic histology, and the examination of insulin and glucagon in islets were processed. All recipients returned to near euglycemic within 1 week after undergoing bone marrow transplantation. No mice became hyperglycemia again during investigation period. The change of serum insulin, glucose tolerance test, pancreatic histology and the expression of insulin and glucagon in recipient islets after bone marrow transplantation all revealed islets regeneration and significant amelioration when compared respectively with those of diabetic mice without bone marrow transplantation. Bone marrow transplantation contributed to reduce blood glucose, prevent further blood glucose hike in diabetic recipients, and promote islets regeneration. High-dose total body irradiation in combination with high-dose bone marrow monoclear cell infusion could improve the efficiency of bone marrow transplantation in treating streptozotocin-induced diabetes.

  11. HEMATOPOIETIC PROGENITOR CELL CONTENT OF VERTEBRAL BODY MARROW USED FOR COMBINED SOLID ORGAN AND BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION

    PubMed Central

    Rybka, Witold B.; Fontes, Paulo A.; Rao, Abdul S.; Winkelstein, Alan; Ricordi, Camillo; Ball, Edward D.; Starzl, Thomas E.

    2010-01-01

    While cadaveric vertebral bodies (VB) have long been proposed as a suitable source of bone marrow (BM) for transplantation (BMT), they have rarely been used for this purpose. We have infused VB BM immediately following whole organ (WO) transplantation to augment donor cell chimerism. We quantified the hematopoietic progenitor cell (HPC) content of VB BM as well as BM obtained from the iliac crests (IC) of normal allogeneic donors (ALLO) and from patients with malignancy undergoing autologous marrow harvest (AUTO). Patients undergoing WOIBM transplantation also had AUTO BM harvested in the event that subsequent lymphohematopoietic reconstitution was required. Twenty-four VB BM, 24 IC BM-ALLO, 31 IC AUTO, and 24 IC WO-AUTO were harvested. VB BM was tested 12 to 72 hr after procurement and infused after completion ofWO grafting. IC BM was tested and then used or cryopreserved immediately. HPC were quantified by clonal assay measuring CFU-GM, BFU-E, and CFU-GEMM, and by flow cytometry for CD34+ progenitor cells. On an average, 9 VB were processed during each harvest, and despite an extended processing time the number of viable nucleated cells obtained was significantly higher than that from IC. Furthermore, by HPC content, VB BM was equivalent to IC BM, which is routinely used for BMT. We conclude that VB BM is a clinically valuable source of BM for allogeneic transplantation. PMID:7701582

  12. Haploidentical bone marrow transplantation in Mexico.

    PubMed

    Vázquez-Meraz, José Eugenio; Arellano-Galindo, José; Mendoza-García, Emma; Jiménez-Hernández, Elva; Martínez Avalos, Armando; Velázquez Guadarrama, Norma; Mejía Arangure, Juan Manuel

    2012-11-01

    Haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation using CD34(+) cells depleted of T lymphocytes by the CliniMACS is a treatment for hematological malignancy. We report on four Mexican children, three with acute lymphocytic leukemia and one with chronic myelocytic leukemia, who was transplanted with 12 × 10(6) CD34(+) stem cells/kg body weight (98% of purity) with a follow-up of 9½ years. The engraftment was successful in three of the four children. All showed cytomegalovirus reactivation, and one died because of graft rejection and infectious complication. The risk of infections was a major problem.

  13. A history of bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    de la Morena, M Teresa; Gatti, Richard A

    2010-02-01

    The last 40 years has seen the emergence of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation as a therapeutic modality for fatal diseases and as a curative option for individuals born with inherited disorders that carry limited life expectancy and poor quality of life. Despite the rarity of many primary immunodeficiency diseases, these disorders have led the way toward innovative therapies and further provide insights into mechanisms of immunologic reconstitution applicable to all hematopoietic stem cell transplants. This article represents a historical perspective of the early investigators and their contributions. It also reviews the parallel work that oncologists and immunologists have undertaken to treat both primary immunodeficiencies and hematologic malignancies.

  14. Regulatory Immunotherapy in Bone Marrow Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Morales-Tirado, Vanessa; Luszczek, Wioleta; van der Merwe, Marié; Pillai, Asha

    2011-01-01

    Every year individuals receive hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) to eradicate malignant and nonmalignant disease. The immunobiology of allotransplantation is an area of ongoing discovery, from the recipient's conditioning treatment prior to the transplant to the donor cell populations responsible for engraftment, graft-versus-host disease, and graft-versus-tumor effect. In this review, we focus on donor-type immunoregulatory T cells, namely, natural killer T cells (NKT) and regulatory T cells (Treg), and their current and potential roles in tolerance induction after allogeneic HSCT. PMID:22262950

  15. Mycoses in the transplanted patient.

    PubMed

    Dictar, M O; Maiolo, E; Alexander, B; Jacob, N; Verón, M T

    2000-01-01

    The incidence of invasive fungal infection (IFI) has increased considerably over the past 20 years, and transplant recipients are at especially high risk for fungal infections owing to their overall immunosuppressed condition. Organ transplantation procedures were incorporated as a therapeutic option for many patients who lacked the normal functions of organs such as the heart, liver, kidney, lung, pancreas and small bowel. The prevalence of IFI in solid organ transplant (SOTR) patients ranges from 5 to 50% in kidney and liver transplants, respectively. In bone marrow transplant (BMT) patients, IFI are major causes of morbidity and mortality due to the protracted neutropenic period and graft-versus-host disease. Candida spp. and Aspergillus spp. account for >80% of fungal episodes in both SOTR and BMT. The development of new immunosuppressive agents, new prophylaxis strategies (as pre-emptive therapy) and the improvement in surgical techniques led to increase survival of transplant recipients. In this session, a clear and concise update of the recent advances in the laboratory diagnosis of candidiasis and aspergillosis in this kind of patients was presented. However, we still need to establish more rapid, sensitive and specific methods for IFI diagnosis. Representatives of the 'Subcomision de Infecciones en el Paciente Neutropenico y Transplantado (SIPNYT)' de la Sociedad Argentina de Infectologia (SADI), presented the results of an unusual multicenter study both retrospective and descriptive studies of IFI in SOTR and BMT patients in Argentina. In addition, a study of IFI in 1,861 SOTR patients from four centers and the analysis of IFI in 2,066 BMT patients from all 12 BMT centers from Argentina was presented. From these studies it can be concluded that 'all transplant recipients are not the same' and that they should be stratified according to their different risk degrees in order to determine the best prophylaxis and treatment strategies.

  16. Normalization of red cell enolase level following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in a child with Diamond-Blackfan anemia.

    PubMed

    Park, Jeong A; Lim, Yeon Jung; Park, Hyeon Jin; Kong, Sun Young; Park, Byung Kiu; Ghim, Thad T

    2010-04-01

    We describe a girl with Diamond-Blackfan anemia with accompanying red cell enolase deficiency. At the age of 9 yr old, the patient received allogeneic bone marrow transplantation from her HLA-identical sister who had normal red cell enolase activity. While the post transplant DNA analysis with short tandem repeat has continuously demonstrated a stable mixed chimerism on follow-up, the patient remains transfusion independent and continues to show a steady increase in red cell enolase activity for over two and a half years following bone marrow transplantation.

  17. Safety of live vaccinations on immunosuppressive therapy in patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases, solid organ transplantation or after bone-marrow transplantation - A systematic review of randomized trials, observational studies and case reports.

    PubMed

    Croce, Evelina; Hatz, Christoph; Jonker, Emile F; Visser, L G; Jaeger, Veronika K; Bühler, Silja

    2017-03-01

    Live vaccines are generally contraindicated on immunosuppressive therapy due to safety concerns. However, data are limited to corroborate this practice. To estimate the safety of live vaccinations in patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID) or solid organ transplantation (SOT) on immunosuppressive treatment and in patients after bone-marrow transplantation (BMT). A search was conducted in electronic databases (Cochrane, Pubmed, Embase) and additional literature was identified by targeted searches. Randomized trials, observational studies and case reports. Patients with IMID or SOT on immunosuppressive treatment and BMT patients <2years after transplantation. Live vaccinations: mumps, measles, rubella (MMR), yellow fever (YF), varicella vaccine (VV), herpes zoster (HZ), oral typhoid, oral polio, rotavirus, Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), smallpox. One author performed the data extraction using predefined data fields. It was cross-checked by two other authors. 7305 articles were identified and 64 articles were included: 40 on IMID, 16 on SOT and 8 on BMT patients. In most studies, the administration of live vaccines was safe. However, some serious vaccine-related adverse events occurred. 32 participants developed an infection with the vaccine strain; in most cases the infection was mild. However, in two patients fatal infections were reported: a patient with RA/SLE overlap who started MTX/dexamethasone treatment four days after the YFV developed a yellow fever vaccine-associated viscerotropic disease (YEL-AVD) and died. The particular vaccine lot was found to be associated with a more than 20 times risk of YEL-AVD. One infant whose mother was under infliximab treatment during pregnancy received the BCG vaccine at the age of three months and developed disseminated BCG infection and died. An immunogenicity assessment was performed in 43 studies. In most cases the patients developed satisfactory seroprotection rates. In the IMID group, YFV and VV

  18. Acute parkinsonian syndrome with demyelinating leukoencephalopathy in bone marrow transplant recipients.

    PubMed

    Lockman, L A; Sung, J H; Krivit, W

    1991-01-01

    A syndrome of rigidity, bradykinesia, spasticity, and often myoclonus and dementia developed acutely in 5 patients who had undergone successful engraftment of bone marrow transplants for the treatment of various hematologic diseases. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated widespread changes in white matter; brain biopsy disclosed mild demyelination associated with active phagocytosis of myelin. One patient, who was not treated, remains severely demented. Patients treated with very high-dose methylprednisolone had complete clinical recovery.

  19. Chronic myelogenous leukemia and acute promyelocytic leukemia: new bone marrow transplantation options.

    PubMed

    Viele, C S

    1996-04-01

    To describe new bone marrow transplantation (BMT) options for chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), as well as their applications and prognoses, and to describe the role of the oncology nurse in caring for the BMT recipient and options for future nursing research. Published articles, book chapters, and personal experience. Various pretransplant agents and methods are under investigation to improve the outcome and reduce the costs of allogeneic and autologous BMT and peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) transplants. Preliminary results of current studies indicate that autologous BMTs and PBPC transplants have merit as a treatment option in patients with AML and require further research. For patients with APL, BMT usually is reserved for those who fail to achieve or relapse after achieving remission with chemotherapy. Preliminary data show that patients with CML and APL who receive a PBPC transplant engraft more rapidly with decreased morbidity and mortality. BMT options for patients with CML and APL continue to evolve as advances in pretransplant methods and symptom management become capable of improving the outcome, decreasing costs, and shifting patient care to the outpatient and homecare settings. Understanding the marrow transplant options available to patients with CML and APL is essential for nurses. They must stay informed about ongoing improvements in pretransplant processes and symptom-management procedures that reduce BMT morbidity and mortality. Inpatient and outpatient nurses need to collaborate and participate in nursing research to find better ways of providing the best care possible for patients.

  20. Cure of murine thalassemia by bone marrow transplantation without eradication of endogenous stem cells

    SciTech Connect

    Wagemaker, G.; Visser, T.P.; van Bekkum, D.W.

    1986-09-01

    alpha-Thalassemic heterozygous (Hbath/+) mice were used to investigate the possible selective advantage of transplanted normal (+/+) hemopoietic cells. Without conditioning by total-body irradiation (TBI), infusion of large numbers of normal bone marrow cells failed to correct the thalassemic peripheral blood phenotype. Since the recipients' stem cells are normal with respect to number and differentiation capacity, it was thought that the transplanted stem cells were not able to lodge, or that they were not stimulated to proliferate. Therefore, a nonlethal dose of TBI was given to temporarily reduce endogenous stem cell numbers and hemopoiesis. TBI doses of 2 or 3 Gy followed by infusion of normal bone marrow cells proved to be effective in replacing the thalassemic red cells by normal red cells, whereas a dose of 1 Gy was ineffective. It is concluded that cure of thalassemia by bone marrow transplantation does not necessarily require eradication of thalassemic stem cells. Consequently, the objectives of conditioning regimens for bone marrow transplantation of thalassemic patients (and possibly other nonmalignant hemopoietic disorders) should be reconsidered.

  1. An alternative model of vascularized bone marrow transplant: partial femur transplantation.

    PubMed

    Chen, Jian-Wu; Chen, Chen; Su, Ying-Jun; Yan, Lun; Wang, Shi-Ping; Guo, Shu-Zhong

    2014-12-01

    The vascularized whole femur transplantation model is one of the commonly used vascularized bone marrow transplant models. It involves technical complexity and morbidities. To optimize this model, we took 2/3 femur as the carrier of bone marrow cells, and developed a vascularized partial femur model. Four experimental groups were carried out, namely, the syngeneic partial femur transplantation, allogeneic partial femur transplantation with or without cyclosporine A, and allogeneic whole femur transplantation with cyclosporine A. The results showed that the partial femur model was technically simpler and shortened the operative and ischemia time compared to the whole femur model. Gross and histologic appearance confirmed the viability of femur, and its bone marrow inside the bone could also maintain normal morphologically at 60-day posttransplant. Besides, donor multilineage chimerism could be continuously detected in immunosuppressed allogeneic partial femur recipients at 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, and 8-week posttransplant, and it showed no significant differences when compared with whole femur transplantation. Meanwhile, long-term engraftment of donor-origin cells was also confirmed in recipients' bone marrow, lymph nodes, and spleen, but not in thymus. Therefore, the vascularized partial femur can serve as a continuous resource of bone morrow cells and may provide a useful tool for the study of immune tolerance in vascularized composite allotransplantation.

  2. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation for myelodysplastic syndromes with bone marrow fibrosis

    PubMed Central

    Kröger, Nicolaus; Zabelina, Tatjana; van Biezen, Anja; Brand, Ronald; Niederwieser, Dietger; Martino, Rodrigo; Lim, Zi Yi; Onida, Francesco; Schmid, Christoph; Garderet, Laurent; Robin, Marie; van Gelder, Michael; Marks, Reinhard; Symeonidis, Argiris; Kobbe, Guido; de Witte, Theo

    2011-01-01

    Background Bone marrow fibrosis in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome is associated with a poor outcome, but whether the outcome after allogeneic stem cell transplantation is related to the degree of bone marrow fibrosis is unknown. Design and Methods Patients with myelodysplastic syndrome and known bone marrow histology (n=721) who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were classified according to the degree of bone marrow fibrosis into those without fibrosis (n=483), those with mild or moderate fibrosis (n=199) and those with severe fibrosis (n=39) and analyzed regarding engraftment, treatment-related mortality, relapse and survival. Results The degree of fibrosis was not associated with disease status or abnormal cytogenetics. The cumulative incidence of engraftment achieved at day +30 in non-fibrotic patients was 93% and was significantly lower in those with mild or moderate fibrosis (89%) and severe fibrosis (75%) (P=0.009). Neutrophil engraftment occurred later in patients with mild or moderate fibrosis and severe fibrosis than in patients without fibrosis (median 17 versus 20 versus 16 days, respectively; P=0.002). The cumulative incidence of relapse at 3 years was significantly higher in patients with severe fibrosis than in those with a lesser degree of fibrosis or no fibrosis (47% versus 28% versus 27%, respectively; P=0.04), resulting in comparable 3-year disease-free survival rates in patients without fibrosis and in those with mild or moderate fibrosis (42% versus 38%, respectively) but a lower disease-free survival rate in those with severe fibrosis (18%; P=0.002). Severe fibrosis remained an independent factor for reduced survival (hazard ratio, 1.9; P=0.006). Conclusions Among patients with myelodysplastic syndromes, only severe fibrosis affects survival after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation while patients with mild or moderate fibrosis have an outcome comparable to that of patients without bone marrow fibrosis. PMID:20971823

  3. Bone marrow transplantation for CVID-like humoral immune deficiency associated with red cell aplasia.

    PubMed

    Sayour, Elias J; Mousallem, Talal; Van Mater, David; Wang, Endi; Martin, Paul; Buckley, Rebecca H; Barfield, Raymond C

    2016-10-01

    Patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) have a higher incidence of autoimmune disease, which may mark the disease onset; however, anemia secondary to pure red cell aplasia is an uncommon presenting feature. Here, we describe a case of CVID-like humoral immune deficiency in a child who initially presented with red cell aplasia and ultimately developed progressive bone marrow failure. Although bone marrow transplantation (BMT) has been associated with high mortality in CVID, our patient was successfully treated with a matched sibling BMT and engrafted with >98% donor chimerism and the development of normal antibody titers to diphtheria and tetanus toxoids. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  4. Autologous bone marrow transplantation by photodynamic therapy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gulliya, Kirpal S.

    1992-06-01

    Simultaneous exposure of Merocyanine 540 dye containing cultured tumor cells to 514-nm laser light (93.6 J/cm2) results in virtually complete cell destruction. Under identical conditions, 40% of the normal progenitor (CFU-GM) cells survive the treatment. Laser- photoradiation treated, cultured breast cancer cells also were killed, and living tumor cells could not be detected by clonogenic assays or by anti-cytokeratin monoclonal antibody method. Thus, laser photoradiation therapy could be useful for purging of contaminating tumor cells from autologous bone marrow.

  5. Prevention of diabetes in rats by bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Alinaji; Silvers, W K; Bellgrau, D; Anderson, A O; Plotkin, S; Barker, C F

    1981-09-01

    Hyperglycemia, hypoinsulinemia and ketonemia often develop abruptly in previously normal young "BB" rats. The syndrome mimics human juvenile diabetes closely and is, thus, appropriate for assessing pancreatic transplantation. Transplantation of islet cells from closely histocompatible Wistar Furth (WF) donor resulted in permanent normoglycemia when immunosuppression with ALS was given. However, when islet cells from nondiabetic "BB" donors were transplanted to nonimmunosuppressed diabetic "BB" recipients, only transient normoglycemia followed. Transplantation of WF islets cells also failed in diabetic "BB" rats which were tolerant of WF antigens, again suggesting destruction of transplanted islet cells by the original disease process-possibly autoimmunity. Evidence for autoimmunity was strengthened by the finding that newly diabetic "BB" rats could be rendered normoglycemic by immunosuppression. Since genetic susceptibility to spontaneous autoimmune diabetes is unique to some members of the "BB" stock, an attempt was made to alter their vulnerability by modifying their cellular immune system. Accordingly, 50 million bone marrow cells from WF donors were inoculated into half the newborn members of "BB" litters, leaving the littermates as unmodified controls. Most bone marrow recipients were protected, only four of 37 (10.8%) ever becoming diabetic, while the incidence of diabetes in noninoculated littermates was 22 of 39 (56.4%). The ultimate goal in human diabetes, which also seems very likely to be an autoimmune disease, may not be replacement of destroyed islet cells but identification of potentially susceptible children and prevention of islet destruction by immunologic manipulation.

  6. Mouse Models in Bone Marrow Transplantation and Adoptive Cellular Therapy

    PubMed Central

    Arber, Caroline; Brenner, Malcolm K.; Reddy, Pavan

    2014-01-01

    Mouse models of transplantation have been indispensable to the development of bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Their role in the generation of basic science knowledge is invaluable and is subject to discussion below. However, this article focuses on the direct role and relevance of mouse models towards the clinical development and advances in BMT and adoptive T-cell therapy for human diseases. The authors aim to present a thoughtful perspective on the pros and cons of mouse models while noting that despite imperfections these models are obligatory for the development of science-based medicine. PMID:24216170

  7. [Preliminary study on autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells transplantation for lower limb chronic venous ulcer].

    PubMed

    Huang, Wen; Wang, Liwei; Tan, Bin; Zhang, Guozhen; Zhao, Yu; Ren, Guosheng

    2011-05-01

    To investigate the effectiveness of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells transplantation on lower limb chronic venous ulcer. Between May 2009 and September 2010, 17 patients with lower limb chronic venous ulcer were treated with autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells transplantation (transplantation group) and 10 patients treated without cells transplantation served as control group. In the transplantation group, there were 9 males and 8 females with age of (33.3 +/- 6.1) years, including 11 cases of simple great saphenous vein varicosity and 6 cases of chronic venous insufficiency; the area of ulcer was (4.39 +/- 2.46) cm2; and the duration of ulcer ranged from 3 months to 6 years. In the control group, there were 4 males and 6 females with age of (39.2 +/- 10.3) years, including 7 cases of simple great saphenous vein varicosity and 3 cases of chronic venous insufficiency; and the area of ulcer was (5.51 +/- 2.63) cm2; and the duration of ulcer ranged from 3 months to 2 years. All patients in both groups were classified as C6 according to clinical etiology anatomy pathophysiology (CEAP) classification. No significant difference was found in the general data between 2 groups (P > 0.05). The healing process of ulcer was observed. The granulation tissue was harvested for HE staining before operation and at 3 days after operation in the transplantation group. The microvessel density (MVD) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression of ulcer granulation tissue were observed. In the transplantation group, ulcer healing was accelerated; complete healing was observed in 15 cases, partial healing in 1 case, and no healing in 1 case with the median healing time of 22 days. However, in the control group, the healing process was slower; complete healing of ulcer was observed in 7 cases and no healing in 3 cases with the median healing time of 57.5 days. There was significant difference in the healing time between 2 groups (Z = 0.001 4, P = 0.0027). HE

  8. Abnormal cervical cytology after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Negri, Giovanni; Herz, Martina; Deola, Sara; Piccin, Andrea; Casini, Marco; Babich, Bianca; Tauber, Martina; Messini, Sergio; Marucci, Maria Raffaella; Vittadello, Fabio

    2014-08-01

    Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is a procedure mostly used for high-risk hematologic malignances. In women, follow-up protocols after BMT include gynecologic checkups with Papanicolaou (Pap) smears. We evaluated 117 Pap smears in 54 women who underwent allogeneic BMT and correlated the smear morphology with the BMT-related medical treatment. Abnormal Pap smears after BMT were found in 13 (24.1%) women. Four (7.4%) women had at least one smear with atypical squamous cells of unknown significance, six (11.1%) had a low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, and three (5.6%) had atypical squamous cells/high-grade lesion cannot be excluded (ASC-H). The three patients with ASC-H showed high-grade atypia mimicking cancer but had a negative follow-up. Nine women, including the three with ASC-H, had undergone a conditioning therapy for BMT that included busulfan. No association between other drugs and therapy-related atypia was found. Pap smears after BMT show a high incidence of dysplastic lesions. Moreover, conditioning including busulfan is often associated with therapy-related cytologic atypia, which may lead to unnecessary colposcopies and biopsies. Knowledge of the patient's history and a careful evaluation of the smears are mandatory in these cases. Copyright© by the American Society for Clinical Pathology.

  9. Clinical impact of absolute lymphocyte count on day 30 after unmanipulated haploidentical blood and marrow transplantation for pediatric patients with hematological malignancies.

    PubMed

    Chang, Ying-Jun; Zhao, Xiang-Yu; Huo, Ming-Rui; Xu, Lan-Ping; Liu, Dai-Hong; Liu, Kai-Yan; Huang, Xiao-Jun

    2011-02-01

    Currently, limited information is available regarding the effects of early lymphocyte recovery on transplant outcomes in pediatric patients with hematological malignancies after unmanipulated haploidentical transplantation. In this study, we evaluated the association of Day 30 absolute lymphocyte count (ALC-30) with transplant outcomes in 60 consecutive pediatric patients with hematological malignancies receiving T-cell-repleted transplantation from an haploidentical related donors. After median follow-up of 36 months (range, 1.4-75 months), higher relapse rate was observed in patients with an ALC-30 < 300 cells/μL compared to patients with an ALC-30 ≥ 300 cells/μL (35.5% vs. 13.8%, P = 0.049). More patients died of infections in those with an ALC-30 < 300 cells/μL compared with patients with an ALC-30 ≥ 300 cells/μL (25.8% vs. 3.4%, P = 0.015). The ALC-30 above the cutoff value 300 cells/μL was associated with improved overall-survival (HR 0.301, 95% CI 0.117-0.771; P = 0.012), leukemia free survival (HR 0.195, 95% CI 0.078-0.498; P=0.002), less relapse (HR 0.224 95% CI 0.070-0.717; P = 0.012), and less transplant- related mortality (HR=0.166; 95%CI 0.037-0.750; P = 0.020). Our results suggest that a higher ALC-30 ≥ 300 cells/μL) could be a useful and simple tool to predict pediatric patients with a superior outcome after unmanipulated haploidentical transplantation.

  10. Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Aggressive NK Cell Leukemia. A Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research Analysis.

    PubMed

    Hamadani, Mehdi; Kanate, Abraham S; DiGilio, Alyssa; Ahn, Kwang Woo; Smith, Sonali M; Lee, Jong Wook; Ayala, Ernesto; Chao, Nelson; Hari, Parameswaran; Bolaños-Meade, Javier; Gress, Ronald; Smedegaard Anderson, Niels; Chen, Yi-Bin; Farooq, Umar; Schiller, Gary; Yared, Jean; Sureda, Anna; Fenske, Timothy S; Olteanu, Horatiu

    2017-02-01

    Aggressive NK cell leukemia (ANKL) is an exceedingly rare form of leukemia and carries a poor prognosis, with a median survival of only 2 months. Using the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research database, we evaluated outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) in patients with ANKL. Twenty-one patients with a centrally confirmed diagnosis of ANKL were included. Median patient age was 42 years and 15 patients (71%) were Caucasian. Fourteen patients (67%) were in complete remission (CR) at the time of alloHCT, and 5 patients had active disease. Median follow-up of survivors was 25 months (range, 12 to 116). The 2-year estimates of nonrelapse mortality, relapse/progression, progression-free (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were 21%, 59%, 20%, and 24%, respectively. The 2-year PFS of patients in CR at the time of alloHCT was significantly better than that of patients with active disease at transplantation (30% versus 0%; P = .001). The 2-year OS in similar order was 38% versus 0% (P < .001). In conclusion, this registry analysis that included majority non-Asian patient population shows that alloHCT can provide durable disease control in a subset of ANKL patients. Achieving CR before transplantation appears to be a prerequisite for successful transplantation outcomes.

  11. Mixed donor chimerism in non-malignant haematological diseases after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Shamshad, Ghassan Umair; Ahmed, Suhaib; Bhatti, Farhat Abbas; Ali, Nadir

    2012-12-01

    To determine the frequency of mixed donor chimerism in patients of non-malignant haematological diseases after allogeneic bone marrow transplant. A cross-sectional, observational study. Department of Haematology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP), Rawalpindi, from July 2010 to June 2011. Donor chimerism was assessed in patients of aplastic anaemia and beta-thalassaemia major who underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Peripheral blood samples were used to assess chimerism status by analysis of short tandem repeats (STR). In patients where pre-transplant blood sample was not available, swab of buccal mucosa was used for pre-transplant STR profile. A standard set of primers for STR markers were used and the amplified DNA was resolved by gel electrophoresis and stained with silver nitrate. The percentage of donor origin DNA was estimated by densitometer. Out of 84 patients, 52 (62%) were males, while 32 (38%) were females. In patients of beta-thalassaemia major, 31 (62%) developed mixed donor chimerism (MC), 13 (26%) developed complete donor chimerism (CC) and 6 (12%) had graft failure. In aplastic anaemia, 17 patients (50%) achieved MC, 13 (38.2%) had CC and 4 (11.8%) developed graft failure. The combined frequency of mixed donor chimerism for both the diseases was 58.3%. D3S1358 was the most informative STR marker in these patients. Majority of the studied patients developed mixed donor chimerism following bone marrow transplantation, whereas only a minor percentage of the patients had graft failure. Analysis of D3S1358 was the most informative in assessing donor chimerism in patients who underwent BMT.

  12. Contribution of transplanted bone marrow cells to Purkinje neurons in human adult brains

    PubMed Central

    Weimann, James M.; Charlton, Carol A.; Brazelton, Timothy R.; Hackman, Robert C.; Blau, Helen M.

    2003-01-01

    We show here that cells within human adult bone marrow can contribute to cells in the adult human brain. Cerebellar tissues from female patients with hematologic malignancies, who had received chemotherapy, radiation, and a bone marrow transplant, were analyzed. Brain samples were obtained at autopsy from female patients who received male (sex-mismatched) or female (sex-matched, control) bone marrow transplants. Cerebella were evaluated in 10-μm-thick, formaldehyde-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections that encompassed up to ≈50% of a human Purkinje nucleus. A total of 5,860 Purkinje cells from sex-mismatched females and 3,202 Purkinje cells from sex-matched females were screened for Y chromosomes by epifluorescence. Confocal laser scanning microscopy allowed definitive identification of the sex chromosomes within the morphologically distinct Purkinje cells. In the brains of females who received male bone marrow, four Purkinje neurons were found that contained an X and a Y chromosome and two other Purkinje neurons contained more than a diploid number of sex chromosomes. No Y chromosomes were detected in the brains of sex-matched controls. The total frequency of male bone marrow contribution to female Purkinje cells approximated 0.1%. This study demonstrates that although during human development Purkinje neurons are no longer generated after birth, cells within the bone marrow can contribute to these CNS neurons even in adulthood. The underlying mechanism may be caused either by generation de novo of Purkinje neurons from bone marrow-derived cells or by fusion of marrow-derived cells with existing recipient Purkinje neurons. PMID:12576546

  13. T cell regeneration after allogenic bone marrow transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Favrot, Marie; Janossy, G.; Tidman, N.; Blacklock, Hilary; Lopez, Elisa; Bofill, Margarita; Lampert, I.; Morgenstein, G.; Powles, R.; Prentice, H. G.; Hoffbrand, A. V.

    1983-01-01

    Various T cell subsets were characterized by double immunofluorescent staining using monoclonal antibodies (MoAb) in blood, bone marrow (BM) and tissues of 29 patients after allogeneic BM transplantation (BMT). In an attempt to prevent graft versus host disease (GvHD), 15 patients received cyclosporin A (Cy A). In the remaining 14 patients the BM was pre-incubated with a MoAb, OKT3. The regeneration of T4+ subset was delayed and the level of T8+ cells was abnormally high even 1 year after engraftment. This did not have any predictive value for the appearance of complications such as GvHD or severe viral infections. The number of T8+ cells was lower in the group of patients who received Cy A than in the OKT3 group (0·7±0·2 vs 1·5±0·3×109/1 at day 90). In contrast to normal individuals, the T4/T8 ratio in both blood and regenerating BM of BMT patients was <1. A sizeable subset of circulating T cells expressed the phenotype T8+,T10+,HNK-1+,DR+. Circulating cells of this phenotype were transiently very high (up to 50%) in patients with active GvHD or suffering from severe viral infection. This subpopulation of lymphocytes was not found in the epidermal infiltrate that accompanied GvHD where the predominant phenotype was T8+,T1-,T10-,HNK-1-,DR-. We conclude therefore that after BMT the number and phenotype of circulating T cells reflects the T cell distribution seen in the regenerating BM. PMID:6352107

  14. Body Composition After Bone Marrow Transplantation in Childhood

    PubMed Central

    Ruble, Kathy; Hayat, Matthew; Stewart, Kerry J.; Chen, Allen

    2014-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives To describe the body composition and fat distribution of childhood bone marrow transplantation (BMT) survivors at least one year post-transplantation and examine the ability of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria to identify survivors with elevated body fat percentage. Design Cross-sectional, descriptive. Setting Pediatric oncology program at a National Cancer Institute–designated comprehensive cancer center. Sample 48 childhood BMT survivors (27 males and 21 females). Methods Measurements included dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scan, height, weight, and physical activity. Descriptive statistics were reported and mixed-model linear regression models were used to describe findings and associations. Main Research Variables Total body fat percentage and central obesity (defined as a ratio of central to peripheral fat of 1 or greater). Findings Fifty-four percent of survivors had body fat percentages that exceeded recommendations for healthy body composition and 31% qualified as having central obesity. Previous treatment with total body irradiation was associated with higher body fat percentage and central obesity, and graft-versus-host disease was associated with lower body fat percentage. The body mass index (BMI) criteria did not correctly identify the BMT survivors who had elevated body fat percentage. Conclusions Survivors of childhood BMT are at risk for obesity and central obesity that is not readily identified with standard BMI criteria. Implications for Nursing Nurses caring for BMT survivors should include evaluation of general and central obesity in their assessments. Patient education materials and resources for healthy weight and muscle building should be made available to survivors. Research is needed to develop appropriate interventions. PMID:22374492

  15. Fatal Hemorrhagic Gastrointestinal Angioectasia after Bone Marrow Transplantation for Dyskeratosis Congenita.

    PubMed

    Imai, Jin; Suzuki, Takayoshi; Yoshikawa, Marie; Dekiden, Makiko; Nakae, Hirohiko; Nakahara, Fumio; Tsuda, Shingo; Mizukami, Hajime; Koike, Jun; Igarashi, Muneki; Yabe, Hiromasa; Mine, Tetsuya

    Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is a rare inherited disease in which the telomere complex cannot be maintained. Shortened telomeres can cause a number of clinical conditions. We herein report a case of unrelated bone marrow transplantation due to aplastic anemia associated with DC. The patient died of uncontrollable refractory intestinal bleeding. Three cases of DC with life-threatening hemorrhaging after transplantation have been reported; however, the bleeding origin could not be determined. Our case is the only patient in which a gastrointestinal bleeding point, jejunal multiple angioectasia, was determined.

  16. Fatal Hemorrhagic Gastrointestinal Angioectasia after Bone Marrow Transplantation for Dyskeratosis Congenita

    PubMed Central

    Imai, Jin; Suzuki, Takayoshi; Yoshikawa, Marie; Dekiden, Makiko; Nakae, Hirohiko; Nakahara, Fumio; Tsuda, Shingo; Mizukami, Hajime; Koike, Jun; Igarashi, Muneki; Yabe, Hiromasa; Mine, Tetsuya

    2016-01-01

    Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is a rare inherited disease in which the telomere complex cannot be maintained. Shortened telomeres can cause a number of clinical conditions. We herein report a case of unrelated bone marrow transplantation due to aplastic anemia associated with DC. The patient died of uncontrollable refractory intestinal bleeding. Three cases of DC with life-threatening hemorrhaging after transplantation have been reported; however, the bleeding origin could not be determined. Our case is the only patient in which a gastrointestinal bleeding point, jejunal multiple angioectasia, was determined. PMID:27904106

  17. INFLUENCE OF AGE AND HISTOLOGY ON OUTCOME IN ADULT NON-HODGKIN’S LYMPHOMA PATIENTS UNDERGOING AUTOLOGOUS HCT: A REPORT FROM THE CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL BLOOD & MARROW TRANSPLANT RESEARCH (CIBMTR)

    PubMed Central

    Lazarus, Hillard M.; Carreras, Jeanette; Boudreau, Christian; Loberiza, Fausto R.; Armitage, James O.; Bolwell, Brian J.; Freytes, César O.; Gale, Robert Peter; Gibson, John; Hale, Gregory A.; Inwards, David J.; LeMaistre, Charles F.; Maharaj, Dipnarine; Marks, David I.; Miller, Alan M.; Pavlovsky, Santiago; Schouten, Harry C.; van Besien, Koen; Vose, Julie M.; Bitran, Jacob D.; Khouri, Issa F.; McCarthy, Philip L.; Yu, Hongmei; Rowlings, Philip; Serna, Derek S.; Horowitz, Mary M.; Rizzo, J. Douglas

    2009-01-01

    To compare the clinical outcomes of older (age ≥ 55 years) non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) patients with younger NHL patients (< 55 years) receiving autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) while adjusting for patient-, disease-, and treatment-related variables. We compared autologous HCT outcomes in 805 NHL patients age ≥ 55 years to 1,949 NHL patients < 55 years during the years 1990–2000 using data reported to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR). In multivariate analysis, older patients with aggressive histologies were 1.86 times [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.43–2.43, p<0.001] more likely than younger patients to experience treatment-related mortality. Relative death risks were 1.33 times (CI 1.04–1.71, p=0.024) and 1.50 times (CI 1.33–169, p<0.001) higher in older compared to younger patients with follicular grade I/II and aggressive histologies, respectively. Autologous HCT in older NHL patients is feasible but most disease-related outcomes are statistically inferior to younger patients. Studies addressing supportive care particular to older patients who are most likely to benefit from this approach are recommended. PMID:19041053

  18. Tandem Autologous versus Single Autologous Transplantation Followed by Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Patients with Multiple Myeloma: Results from the Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network (BMT CTN) 0102 Trial

    PubMed Central

    Krishnan, Amrita; Pasquini, Marcelo C.; Logan, Brent; Stadtmauer, Edward A.; Vesole, David H.; Alyea, Edwin; Antin, Joseph H.; Comenzo, Raymond; Goodman, Stacey; Hari, Parameswaran; Laport, Ginna; Qazilbash, Muzaffar H.; Rowley, Scott; Sahebi, Firoozeh; Somlo, George; Vogl, Dan T.; Weisdorf, Daniel; Ewell, Marian; Wu, Juan; Geller, Nancy L.; Horowitz, Mary M.; Giralt, Sergio; Maloney, David G.

    2012-01-01

    Background Autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) improves survival in patients with multiple myeloma, but disease progression remains a challenge. Allogeneic HCT (alloHCT) has the potential to reduce disease progression through graft-versus-myeloma effects. The aim of the BMT CTN 0102 trial was to compare outcomes of autologous HCT (autoHCT) followed by alloHCT with non-myeloablative conditioning (auto-allo) to tandem autoHCT (auto-auto) in patients with standard risk myeloma. Patients in the auto-auto arm were randomized to one year of thalidomide and dexamethasone (Thal-Dex) maintenance therapy or observation (Obs). Methods Patients with multiple myeloma within 10 months from initiation of induction therapy were classified as standard (SRD) or high risk (HRD) disease based on cytogenetics and beta-2-microglobulin levels. Assignment to auto-allo HCT was based on availability of an HLA-matched sibling donor. Primary endpoint was three-year progression-free survival (PFS) according to intent-to-treat analysis. Results 710 patients were enrolled completed a minimum of 3-year follow up. Among 625 SRD patients, 189 and 436 were assigned to auto-allo and auto-auto, respectively. Seventeen percent (33/189) of SR patients in the auto-allo arm and 16% (70/436) in the auto-auto arm did not receive a second transplant. Thal-Dex was not completed in 77% (168/217) of assigned patients. PFS and overall survival (OS) did not differ between the Thal-Dex (49%, 80%) and Obs (41%, 81%) cohorts and these two arms were pooled for analysis. Three year PFS was 43% and 46% (p=0·671) and three-year OS was 77% and 80 % (p=0·191) with auto-allo and auto-auto, respectively. Corresponding progression/relapse rates were 46% and 50% (p=0·402); treatment-related mortality rates were 11% and 4% (p<0·001), respectively. Auto/allo patients with chronic graft-vs-host disease had a decreased risk of relapse. Most common grade 3 to 5 adverse events in auto-allo was hypebilirubenemia

  19. Haemopoietic recovery in spleen and marrow after transplantation of bone marrow from either normal or hydroxyurea treated mice.

    PubMed

    Hasthorpe, S; Hodgson, G S

    1977-09-01

    Haemopoietic regeneration was studied following x-irradiation and transplantation of bone marrow from either normal or hydroxyurea-treated donor mice, to ascertain the contribution of proliferating progenitor cells to regeneration. With transplantation of equivalent numbers of CFU-S, total DNA and 3HTdR uptake into DNA in spleen and femoral bone marrow and the erythroid, granulocytic and mononuclear cell populations were not significantly different between normal (NBM) and hydroxyurea-treated (HUBM) marrow. The response of hypertransfused x-irradiated mice to erythropoietin (EPO) administration was also not significantly different in spleens of mice receiving normal or hydroxyurea-treated marrow.

  20. Bone Marrow or Peripheral Blood for Reduced-Intensity Conditioning Unrelated Donor Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Eapen, Mary; Logan, Brent R.; Horowitz, Mary M.; Zhong, Xiaobo; Perales, Miguel-Angel; Lee, Stephanie J.; Rocha, Vanderson; Soiffer, Robert J.; Champlin, Richard E.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose There have been no randomized trials that have compared peripheral blood (PB) with bone marrow (BM) grafts in the setting of reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) transplantations for hematologic malignancy. Because immune modulation plays a significant role in sustaining clinical remission after RIC, we hypothesize that higher graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) associated with PB transplantation may offer a survival advantage. Patients and Methods The primary outcome evaluated was overall survival. Cox regression models were built to study outcomes after transplantation of PB (n = 887) relative to BM (n = 219) for patients with acute myeloid leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, or non-Hodgkin lymphoma, the three most common indications for unrelated RIC transplantation. Transplantations were performed in the United States between 2000 and 2008. Conditioning regimens consisted of an alkylating agent and fludarabine, and GVHD prophylaxis involved a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) with either methotrexate (MTX) or mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). Results After adjusting for age, performance score, donor-recipient HLA-match, disease, and disease status at transplantation (factors associated with overall survival), there were no significant differences in 5-year rates of survival after transplantation of PB compared with BM: 34% versus 38% with CNI-MTX and 27% versus 20% with CNI-MMF GVHD prophylaxis. Conclusion Survival after transplantation of PB and BM are comparable in the setting of nonirradiation RIC regimens for hematologic malignancy. The effect of GVHD prophylaxis on survival merits further evaluation. PMID:25534391

  1. Co-transplantation of autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and Schwann cells through cerebral spinal fluid for the treatment of patients with chronic spinal cord injury: safety and possible outcome.

    PubMed

    Oraee-Yazdani, S; Hafizi, M; Atashi, A; Ashrafi, F; Seddighi, A-S; Hashemi, S M; Seddighi, A; Soleimani, M; Zali, A

    2016-02-01

    This is a clinical trial (phase 1). The objective of this study was to asses the safety and feasibility of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) and Schwann cell (SC) co-injection through cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) for the treatment of patients with chronic spinal cord injury. Six subjects with complete spinal cord injury due to trauma according to International Standard of Neurological Classification for Spinal Cord Injury (ISNCSCI) developed by the American Spinal Injury Association were enrolled. They received autologous co-transplantation of MSC and SC through lumbar puncture. Neurological status of the patients was determined by ISNCSCI, as well as by assessment of functional status by Spinal Cord Independent Measure. Before and after cell transplantation, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed for all the patients. Before the procedure, all the patients underwent electromyography, urodynamic study (UDS) and MRI tractograghy. After transplantation, these assessments were performed in special cases when the patients reported any changes in motor function or any changes in urinary sensation. Over the mean 30 months of follow-up, the radiological findings were unchanged without any evidence of neoplastic tissue overgrowth. American Spinal Injury Association class in one patient was changed from A to B, in addition to the improvement in indexes of UDS, especially bladder compliance, which was congruous with axonal regeneration detected in MRI tractography. No motor score improvement was observed among the patients. No adverse findings were detected at a mean of 30 months after autologous transplantation of the combination of MSCs and SCs through CSF. It may suggest the safety of this combination of cells for spinal cord regeneration.

  2. [Current status of allogenic bone marrow transplantation in chronic myelocytic leukemia].

    PubMed

    Speck, B; Gratwohl, A; Osterwalder, B; Nissen, C; Buser, U; Reusser, P; Tichelli, A; Würsch, A; Jeannet, M

    1984-10-06

    Bone marrow transplants were carried out in 18 patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in the chronic phase (CP). 12 (67%) are still alive, 11 without evidence of leukemia after a mean observation period of 24 (3-44) months, 1 relapsed and 6 died. The most frequent cause of death was GvHD and interstitial pneumonia (5). 1 patient died of septicemia. 2 grafts were performed in patients with CML in the accelerated phase (AP); both died, one from leukemic relapse and one from GvHD. The authors also participated in an international study in which 117 patients were evaluated. In CP there was a survival plateau at 63%, in AP at 36% and in blastic crisis at 12%. In CP mortality was primarily age-dependent and relapses occurred in only 7%. It is concluded that bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is a highly successful treatment for CML, with the CP the optimum moment for grafting. Longlasting cytogenetic and clinical remissions with potential for cure are possible in a high percentage of patients. The incidence of transplant-related mortality is acceptable. The incidence of leukemic relapse is low in CP. Patients under age 40 with HLA-identical siblings should be transplanted in CP. At present BMT is the only treatment with curative potential for CML.

  3. Muscle-specific kinase antibody associated myasthenia gravis after bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Heidarzadeh, Zeinab; Mousavi, Seyyed-Asadollah; Ostovan, Vahid Reza; Nafissi, Shahriar

    2014-02-01

    Myasthenia gravis is a rare complication of bone marrow transplantation and graft versus host disease. We report a 30-year-old woman presented with oculobulbar and proximal limb weakness after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for chronic myelogenous leukemia. Also, she developed graft versus host disease following bone marrow transplantation. Investigations led to the diagnosis of muscle specific kinase antibody related myasthenia gravis. There have been only two case reports of muscle specific kinase antibody positive myasthenia gravis after bone marrow transplantation in the literature, but none of the previously reported cases had graft versus host disease.

  4. Bone marrow necrosis complicating post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder: resolution with rituximab.

    PubMed

    Rossi, Davide; Ramponi, Antonio; Franceschetti, Silvia; Stratta, Piero; Gaidano, Gianluca

    2008-05-01

    Bone marrow necrosis is a rare cause of bone marrow failure. Malignancy is the most frequent cause of bone marrow necrosis. Among malignancies, non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) accounts for 10% of cases of bone marrow necrosis. Virtually all reported cases of NHL-associated bone marrow necrosis have developed in immunocompetent hosts. We report on a case of bone marrow necrosis complicating post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) and resolving after rituximab monotherapy. This case report provides the first evidence of (i) bone marrow necrosis as a complication of PTLD; (ii) rapid resolution of NHL-associated bone marrow necrosis after rituximab treatment.

  5. Organization and Development of Bone Marrow Donation and Transplantation in Poland.

    PubMed

    Filipiak, Jagoda; Dudkiewicz, Małgorzata; Czerwiński, Jarosław; Kosmala, Karolina; Łęczycka, Anna; Malanowski, Piotr; Żalikowska-Hołoweńko, Jolanta; Małkowski, Piotr; Danielewicz, Roman

    2015-10-01

    This paper describes bone marrow donation and transplantation in Poland in terms of its history, current state, and information on the quality control system. Based on data gathered from the informatics systems of the Polish Central Unrelated Potential Bone Marrow Donor and Cord Blood Registry and the Polish transplant registries, as well as World Marrow Donor Association statistics, we performed an overview study to collect and compare numbers on hematopoietic stem cells donations and transplantations in Poland in the years 2010-2014. In the last 5 years, the number of registered potential hematopoietic stem cells donors in Poland increased by more than 4 times, from about 146,000 to over 750,000. During the same period, the number of patients qualified to hematopoietic stem cells transplantation from unrelated donor increased from 557 in 2010 to 817 in 2014. We observed a striking change in the percentage of transplantations performed in Polish centers using material collected from national donors--from 24% to 60%. This shift was also evident in the number of search procedures closed with acceptation of Polish donors--from 27% in 2010 to 58% in 2014. Another consequence of Polish registry growth is the increasing number of donations from Polish donors for international patients. Between 2010 and 2014, the percent of donation for non-national patient increased from 33% to 76%, placing Poland in 6th place in the ranking of the HSC "exporters" worldwide. Growth of transplantation rates involves standardization process, which is a natural way of development for national organizations in the field of HSCT because of its international character.

  6. Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation for Shwachman-Diamond disease: a study from the European Group for blood and marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Cesaro, Simone; Oneto, Rosi; Messina, Chiara; Gibson, Brenda E; Buzyn, Agnes; Steward, Colin; Gluckman, Eliane; Bredius, Robbert; Breddius, Robbert; Boogaerts, Marc; Vermylen, Christiane; Veys, Paul; Marsh, Judith; Badell, Isabel; Michel, Gerard; Güngör, Tayfun; Niethammer, Dietrich; Bordigoni, Pierre; Oswald, Cecilia; Favre, Claudio; Passweg, Jakob; Dini, Giorgio

    2005-10-01

    This report assessed the results of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) in 26 patients with Shwachman-Diamond disease (SDS) and severe bone marrow abnormalities. The conditioning regimen was based on busulphan (54%), total body irradiation (23%), fludarabine (15%) or other chemotherapy combinations (8%). Standard prevention of graft versus host disease (GVHD) with cyclosporin +/- methotrexate was adopted in 54% of the patients whilst in vivo or in vitro T-cell depletion was used in 17 and four patients respectively. Neutrophil and platelet engraftment were achieved in 21 (81%) and 17 (65%) of 26 patients after a median time of 18 days and 29 days respectively. The incidence of grade III and IV acute GVHD was 24% and of chronic GVHD 29%. Nine patients died after a median time of 70 d, post-SCT. After a median follow-up of 1.1 years, the transplant-related mortality was 35.5% (95% CI 17-54) whilst the overall survival was 64.5% (95% CI 45.7-83.2). Allo-SCT was found to be successful in more than half of SDS patients with severe bone marrow dysfunction. Further improvements would be anticipated by a better definition of the optimum time in the course of disease to transplant and by the adoption of less toxic conditioning regimens.

  7. No evidence of myocardial restoration following transplantation of mononuclear bone marrow cells in coronary bypass grafting surgery patients based upon cardiac SPECT and 18F-PET

    PubMed Central

    Tossios, Paschalis; Müller-Ehmsen, Jochen; Schmidt, Matthias; Scheid, Christof; Ünal, Nermin; Moka, Detlef; Schwinger, Robert HG; Mehlhorn, Uwe

    2006-01-01

    Background We tested the hypothesis, that intramyocardial injection of mononuclear bone marrow cells combined with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery improves tissue viability or function in infarct regions with non-viable myocardium as assessed by nuclear imaging techniques. Methods Thus far, 7 patients (60 ± 10 [SD] years) undergoing elective CABG surgery after a myocardial infarction were included in this study. Prior to sternotomy, bone marrow was harvested by sternal puncture. Mononuclear bone marrow cells were isolated by gradient centrifugation and resuspended in 2 ml volume of Hank's buffered salt solution. At the end of CABG surgery 10 injections of 0.2 ml each were applied to the core area and borderzones of the infarct. Global and regional perfusion and viability were evaluated by ECG-gated 99mTc-tetrofosmin myocardial single-photon emission computed tomograph (SPECT) imaging and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in all study patients < 6 days before and 3 months after the intervention. Results Non-viable segments indicating transmural defects were identified in 5 patients. Two patients were found to have non-transmural defects before surgery. Concomitant surgical revascularisation and bone marrow cell injection was performed in all patients without major complications. The median total injected mononuclear cell number was 7.0 × 107 (range: 0.8–20.4). At 3 months 99mTc-tetrofosmin SPECT and 18F-FDG-PET scanning showed in 5 patients (transmural defect n = 4; non-transmural defect n = 1) no change in myocardial viability and in two patients (transmural defect n = 1, non-transmural defect n = 1) enhanced myocardial viability by 75%. Overall, global and regional LV ejection fraction was not significantly increased after surgery compared with the preoperative value. Conclusion In CABG surgery patients with non-viable segments the concurrent use of intramyocardial cell transfer did not show any clear improvement in

  8. Blood and marrow transplantation for sickle cell disease: is less more?

    PubMed

    Bolaños-Meade, Javier; Brodsky, Robert A

    2014-11-01

    Blood and marrow transplantation is a curative therapy for patients with sickle cell disease yet this option is seldom used. Clinical studies have shown however that children transplanted for this condition can achieve excellent results. In children with sickle cell disease transplanted following conditioning with busulfan, cyclophosphamide, and anti-thymocyte globulin, cure rates in excess of 80% can be obtained when an HLA-matched sibling is used as the donor. However, the large majority of patients with sickle cell disease will not have such a donor, or will not be able to tolerate high dose conditioning regimens. Therefore novel approaches such as non-myeloablative regimes, and alternative donors such as haploidentical, unrelated, or cord blood grafts are currently being explored in clinical trials. Recent reports on non-myeloablative conditioning (HLA-matched or haploidentical donors) highlight the safety and efficacy of these approaches with low mortality and high efficacy suggesting that in the near future non-myeloablation could be the preferred type of conditioning and donor availability will not be a barrier anymore to proceed to transplant. This review will focus on the results obtained when bone marrow transplants are used to treat sickle cell disease and will discuss the results obtained with these novel approaches.

  9. The intra-bone marrow injection of cord blood cells extends the possibility of transplantation to the majority of patients with malignant hematopoietic diseases.

    PubMed

    Frassoni, Francesco; Varaldo, Riccardo; Gualandi, Francesca; Bacigalupo, Andrea; Sambuceti, GianMario; Sacchi, Nicoletta; Podestà, Marina

    2010-06-01

    Cord blood transplant (CBT) in adult patients is scarcely utilized because of the risk of graft failure or very delayed platelet recovery. To improve the capacity and the speed to engraft, we have developed an intra-bone (IB) cord blood transplant technique. 75 patients with hematological malignancies, categorized by disease phase as early (18%), intermediate (20%) and advanced (62%), were transplanted. The median cell dose (TNC) infused was: 2.6 (1.35-5.4)×10(7)/kg; the HLA disparity was: 12 cases=5/6, 62 cases=4/6 and 1 case=3/6 matched antigens. 72/75 patients engrafted (96%); median day of recovery of neutrophils (PMN) >500×10(9)/L and platelets (PLT) >20 000×10(9)/L was: 23 (14-44) and 35 (16-70) days respectively. The outcomes at 2 years according to Kaplan-Meier are: OS=46%±5; RI=18%±2; NRM=39%±5. Acute GVHD incidence/severity was: grade 0-I=64%, II=14%, III-IV=0%. The incidence of Chronic GVHD was globally low but in 3 cases was very severe. Intra-bone CBT is associated with high rate of engraftment, early and robust platelet recovery, low incidence of acute GVHD. A very promising aspect is that the relapse rate is low considering the advanced phase of the disease in two/thirds of patients. A suitable CBU was found for nearly every patient searching for a CBU. Therefore, IB CBT extends the possibility to transplant any patient for whom this approach represents the sole possibility of long-term survival.

  10. High-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation in patients with POEMS syndrome: a retrospective study of the Plasma Cell Disorder sub-committee of the Chronic Malignancy Working Party of the European Society for Blood & Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Cook, Gordon; Iacobelli, Simona; van Biezen, Anja; Ziagkos, Dimitris; LeBlond, Veronique; Abraham, Julie; McQuaker, Grant; Schoenland, Stefan; Rambaldi, Alessandro; Halaburda, Kazimierz; Rovira, Maria; Sica, Simona; Byrne, Jenny; Sanz, Ramon Garcia; Nagler, Arnon; van de Donk, Niels W C J; Sinisalo, Marjatta; Cook, Mark; Kröger, Nicolaus; De Witte, Theo; Morris, Curly; Garderet, Laurant

    2017-01-01

    POEMS syndrome is a rare para-neoplastic syndrome secondary to a plasma cell dyscrasia. Effective treatment can control the disease-related symptom complex. We describe the clinical outcome of autologous stem cell transplantation for patients with POEMS syndrome, determining the impact of patient- and disease-specific factors on prognosis. One hundred and twenty-seven patients underwent an autologous stem cell transplantation between 1997-2010 with a median age of 50 years (range 26-69 years). Median time from diagnosis to autologous stem cell transplantation was 7.5 months with 32% of patients receiving an autologous stem cell transplantation more than 12 months from diagnosis. Engraftment was seen in 97% patients and engraftment syndrome was documented in 23% of autologous stem cell transplantation recipients. Hematologic response was characterized as complete response in 48.5%, partial response in 20.8%, less than partial repsonse in 30.7%. With a median follow up of 48 months (95%CI: 38.3, 58.6), 90% of patients are alive and 16.5% of patients have progressed. The 1-year non-relapse mortality was 3.3%. The 3-year probabilities of progression-free survival and overall survival are 84% and 94%, respectively, with 5-year probabilities of progression-free survival and overall survival of 74% and 89%. In a cohort of graft recipients, detailed organ-specific symptom response demonstrated clear symptom benefit after autologous stem cell transplantation especially in relation to neurological symptom control. The data analyzed in this study demonstrate the clinical utility of autologous stem cell transplantation for patients with POEMS syndrome.

  11. High-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation in patients with POEMS syndrome: a retrospective study of the Plasma Cell Disorder sub-committee of the Chronic Malignancy Working Party of the European Society for Blood & Marrow Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Cook, Gordon; Iacobelli, Simona; van Biezen, Anja; Ziagkos, Dimitris; LeBlond, Veronique; Abraham, Julie; McQuaker, Grant; Schoenland, Stefan; Rambaldi, Alessandro; Halaburda, Kazimierz; Rovira, Maria; Sica, Simona; Byrne, Jenny; Sanz, Ramon Garcia; Nagler, Arnon; van de Donk, Niels W.C.J.; Sinisalo, Marjatta; Cook, Mark; Kröger, Nicolaus; De Witte, Theo; Morris, Curly; Garderet, Laurant

    2017-01-01

    POEMS syndrome is a rare para-neoplastic syndrome secondary to a plasma cell dyscrasia. Effective treatment can control the disease-related symptom complex. We describe the clinical outcome of autologous stem cell transplantation for patients with POEMS syndrome, determining the impact of patient- and disease-specific factors on prognosis. One hundred and twenty-seven patients underwent an autologous stem cell transplantation between 1997–2010 with a median age of 50 years (range 26–69 years). Median time from diagnosis to autologous stem cell transplantation was 7.5 months with 32% of patients receiving an autologous stem cell transplantation more than 12 months from diagnosis. Engraftment was seen in 97% patients and engraftment syndrome was documented in 23% of autologous stem cell transplantation recipients. Hematologic response was characterized as complete response in 48.5%, partial response in 20.8%, less than partial repsonse in 30.7%. With a median follow up of 48 months (95%CI: 38.3, 58.6), 90% of patients are alive and 16.5% of patients have progressed. The 1-year non-relapse mortality was 3.3%. The 3-year probabilities of progression-free survival and overall survival are 84% and 94%, respectively, with 5-year probabilities of progression-free survival and overall survival of 74% and 89%. In a cohort of graft recipients, detailed organ-specific symptom response demonstrated clear symptom benefit after autologous stem cell transplantation especially in relation to neurological symptom control. The data analyzed in this study demonstrate the clinical utility of autologous stem cell transplantation for patients with POEMS syndrome. PMID:27634201

  12. The Application of Bone Marrow Transplantation to the Treatment of Genetic Diseases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parkman, Robertson

    1986-06-01

    Genetic diseases can be treated by transplantation of either normal allogeneic bone marrow or, potentially, autologous bone marrow into which the normal gene has been inserted in vitro (gene therapy). Histocompatible allogeneic bone marrow transplantation is used for the treatment of genetic diseases whose clinical expression is restricted to lymphoid or hematopoietic cells. The therapeutic role of bone marrow transplantation in the treatment of generalized genetic diseases, especially those affecting the central nervous system, is under investigation. The response of a generalized genetic disease to allogeneic bone marrow transplantation may be predicted by experiments in vitro. Gene therapy can be used only when the gene responsible for the disease has been characterized. Success of gene therapy for a specific genetic disease may be predicted by its clinical response to allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

  13. Bone marrow or peripheral blood for reduced-intensity conditioning unrelated donor transplantation.

    PubMed

    Eapen, Mary; Logan, Brent R; Horowitz, Mary M; Zhong, Xiaobo; Perales, Miguel-Angel; Lee, Stephanie J; Rocha, Vanderson; Soiffer, Robert J; Champlin, Richard E

    2015-02-01

    There have been no randomized trials that have compared peripheral blood (PB) with bone marrow (BM) grafts in the setting of reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) transplantations for hematologic malignancy. Because immune modulation plays a significant role in sustaining clinical remission after RIC, we hypothesize that higher graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) associated with PB transplantation may offer a survival advantage. The primary outcome evaluated was overall survival. Cox regression models were built to study outcomes after transplantation of PB (n = 887) relative to BM (n = 219) for patients with acute myeloid leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, or non-Hodgkin lymphoma, the three most common indications for unrelated RIC transplantation. Transplantations were performed in the United States between 2000 and 2008. Conditioning regimens consisted of an alkylating agent and fludarabine, and GVHD prophylaxis involved a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) with either methotrexate (MTX) or mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). After adjusting for age, performance score, donor-recipient HLA-match, disease, and disease status at transplantation (factors associated with overall survival), there were no significant differences in 5-year rates of survival after transplantation of PB compared with BM: 34% versus 38% with CNI-MTX and 27% versus 20% with CNI-MMF GVHD prophylaxis. Survival after transplantation of PB and BM are comparable in the setting of nonirradiation RIC regimens for hematologic malignancy. The effect of GVHD prophylaxis on survival merits further evaluation. © 2014 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.

  14. Bone marrow transplant cure for beta-thalassaemia major: initial experience from a developing country.

    PubMed

    Ullah, Khalil; Khan, Badshah; Raza, Shahid; Ahmed, Parvez; Satti, Tariq M; Butt, Tariq; Tariq, Waheed Z; Kamal, Muhammad K

    2008-08-01

    Between July 2001 and June 2007, 48 consecutive patients with beta-thalassaemia major received allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplants (allo HSCT) from human-leukocyte-antigen-matched siblings at the Armed Forces Bone Marrow Transplant Centre, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, using standard conditioning regimens. The median age of the patient cohort was 4 years (range, 1-14 years). Thirty-one patients were in risk class I, 11 in class II and six patients were in class III. Engraftment was achieved in all patients. Survival was calculated from the date of transplant to death or last follow-up. Major post-transplant complications encountered were acute graft versus host disease (Ac GvHD) (grades II-IV), 35.4%; chronic GvHD, 8.3%; haemorrhagic cystitis, 12.5%; veno-occlusive disease (VOD) of the liver, 6.2%; bacterial infections, 37.5%; fungal infections, 19%; cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, 6.2%; herpes infection, 6.2%; and tuberculosis in 2% of patients. Graft rejection was observed in five patients. Three patients received second transplants. Mortality was observed in 20.8% of patients. Major fatal complications included GvHD, VOD, intracranial haemorrhage, septicaema, CMV disease and disseminated tuberculosis. Overall survival and disease-free survival were 79% and 75%, respectively, at 6 years post-HSCT.

  15. Recommended screening and preventive practices for long-term survivors after hematopoietic cell transplantation: joint recommendations of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research, and the American Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Rizzo, J Douglas; Wingard, John R; Tichelli, Andre; Lee, Stephanie J; Van Lint, Maria Teresa; Burns, Linda J; Davies, Stella M; Ferrara, James L M; Socié, Gérard

    2006-02-01

    More than 40000 hematopoietic cell transplants (HCTs) are performed worldwide each year. With improvements in transplant technology, larger numbers of transplant recipients survive free of the disease for which they were transplanted. However, there are late complications that can cause substantial morbidity. Many survivors are no longer under the care of transplant centers, and many community health care providers may be unfamiliar with health matters relevant to HCT. The Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR), European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT), and American Society for Bone Marrow Transplantation (ASBMT) have developed these recommendations to offer care providers suggested screening and prevention practices for autologous and allogeneic HCT survivors.

  16. Increased serum IgE concentrations during infection and graft versus host disease after bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed Central

    Walker, S A; Rogers, T R; Perry, D; Hobbs, J R; Riches, P G

    1984-01-01

    Serum IgE concentrations estimated in 25 bone marrow transplant recipients during episodes of infection or graft versus host disease, or both, were raised not only in some patients with acute graft versus host disease but also in many patients with infection. Raised values were not seen in chronic graft versus host disease. The routine estimation of serum IgE in bone marrow transplant recipients had minimal value because of the lack of specificity of the IgE response. PMID:6368605

  17. Mean platelet volume as an indicator of platelet rejuvenation following bone-marrow transplantation. Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Seanger, D.G.

    1986-07-01

    Thrombocytopenia of unpredictable duration and severity is an expected outcome of the radiation/chemotherapy protocols performed prior to bone-marrow transplantation. Serial evaluation of the platelet count and mean platelet volume of patients diagnosed with acute leukemia demonstrated the mean platelet volume to increase into reference limits 24 to 40 hours prior to a rise in the platelet count in those patients whose bone-marrow successfully responded to induction chemotherapy. Serial platelet counts and measurements of mean platelet volume were performed on 31 patients following bone marrow transplantation. Numerous platelet transfusions, together with sustained thrombocytopenia, inhibited accurate assessment of 29 of 31 patients. Two patients, however, demonstrated a rise in the mean platelet volume prior to an increase in the platelet count. Both of these patients received no platelet transfusions during the period preceding or following the rise in the platelet count. It was proposed that the serial evaluation of the mean platelet volume may assist practitioners in the decision-making process of deciding whether platlet transfusions are required, or an increase in the number of circulating platelets is imminent. A decision not to transfuse would have the direct benefit of decreasing patient costs, in conjunction with eliminating a potential source for the development of an antibody against platelets.

  18. Chagas' disease after bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Altclas, J; Jaimovich, G; Milovic, V; Klein, F; Feldman, L

    1996-08-01

    Chagas' disease is caused by Trypanosoma cruzi. It is endemic in Latin America where 16 to 18 million people are infected. Immunocompromised patients such as BMT recipients are at risk of Chagas' disease either due to reactivation or transfusion. We report a case of acute Chagas' disease in the setting of BMT.

  19. Multivariate analyses of prognostic factors associated with hematopoietic recovery in autograft patients with different sources of progenitor cells. A GATMO experience. Argintine Group of Bone Marrow Transplant.

    PubMed

    Pavlovsky, S; Koziner, B; Milone, G; Lastiri, F; Bayo, R; Fernández, I; Dengra, C; Martinez Rolón, J; Feldman, L; Kusminsky, G; Corrado, C; Bullorsky, E; Milone, J; Garcia, J J; Cerutti, I; Saporito, G; Robinson, A; Canepa, C

    1996-09-01

    To evaluate in a multivariate analysis the prognostic factors associated with hematopoietic recovery and the supportive care requirements after autotransplant of progenitor cells (PC) from various sources: bone marrow (BMPC), BMPC & peripheral blood (PBPC), and PBPC alone. A total of 570 patients with hematological malignancies and solid tumors underwent high-dose therapy followed by autotransplant. PBPC were obtained after mobilization with chemotherapy and/or cytokines. One-hundred five patients received BMPC, 217 received BMPC & PBPC and 248 PBPC alone; all of the patients received G-CSF or GM-CSF after infusion. In a multivariate analysis the recovery of neutrophils was adversely associated with low numbers of nucleated cells infused (P < 0.13), bone marrow progenitor cell source, and diagnosis of multiple myeloma and acute leukemia (P < 0.001). The factors that adversely affected platelet recovery were low number of nucleated cells and diagnosis of multiple myeloma and acute leukemia (P < 0.001). We conclude that BMPC adversely affect neutrophil recovery while low numbers of nucleated cells and diagnosis of multiple myeloma and acute leukemia adversely affect both neutrophil and platelet recovery.

  20. Pure red-cell aplasia of long duration after major ABO-incompatible bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Volin, L; Ruutu, T

    1990-01-01

    We describe a patient with an exceptionally long-lasting red-cell aplasia of 330 days following ABO-incompatible bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Before BMT, the anti-B titre was high, 1:1,024, and it was only temporarily reduced by extensive plasma exchange. The anti-B titre remained above the level of 1:64 for 270 days, and host-derived isoagglutinin could still be detected 3 years after BMT. In vitro bone marrow cultures during the red-cell aplasia showed greatly reduced numbers or total absence of CFU-E, while the number of BFU-E colonies was only moderately subnormal. Six years after BMT, bone marrow and peripheral-blood cell counts are normal.

  1. Disturbances in dental development after total body irradiation in bone marrow transplant recipients

    SciTech Connect

    Dahlloef, G.B.; Barr, M.; Bolme, P.; Modeer, T.; Loennqvist, B.R.; Ringden, O.; Heimdahl, A.

    1988-01-01

    The dental status of 16 children who had been treated with bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for serious bone marrow diseases was followed for up to 6 years. Several types of disturbances in dental development were observed in children who had been conditioned with total body irradiation (TBI) at 10 Gy before BMT. Thus, impaired root development that caused short V-shaped roots was found in all patients, a complete failure of root development and premature apical closure were found in five patients, enamel hypoplasia was observed in four patients, and microdontia was observed in three patients conditioned with TBI. Patients younger than 6 years of age at BMT exhibited the most severe and extensive dental aberrations. The TBI at 10 Gy appeared to be the major cause of the disturbances found.

  2. Long-term follow-up of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for patients with chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia prepared with a regimen consisting of cyclophosphamide, cytarabine and single-dose total body irradiation conditioning.

    PubMed

    Zaretsky, Y; Rifkind, J; Lockwood, G; Tsang, R; Kiss, T; Hasegawa, W; Fyles, G; Tejpar, I; Loach, D; Minden, M; Messner, H; Lipton, J H

    2007-09-01

    We evaluated long-term toxicities and outcomes in 96 patients with chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia treated with a single bone marrow allograft regimen. Conditioning was cytosine arabinoside, cyclophosphamide (120 mg/kg) and single fraction total body irradiation (500 cGy). Median follow-up was 12.8 years (0.4-19.9 years). Graft failure occurred in one patient, nonfatal veno-occlusive disease in 13 patients (14%). Overall incidences of acute (a) and chronic (c) graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) were 77 and 63%. The 100-day and 1-year transplant-related mortality (TRM) were 1 and 9.2%, respectively, with no change through 5 years. Five- and 10-year event-free survival rates were 56 and 49%, overall survival (OS) rates 72 and 70%, respectively. Forty patients have relapsed: 8 cytogenetic (20%), 10 hematologic (25%) and 22 molecular (55%). Most have been salvaged with donor-leukocyte infusion, second transplants and/or imatinib therapy. Survival was worse for patients transplanted >2 years from diagnosis (10-year OS 56 vs 78%, P=0.01), for patients over 50 years old (10-year OS 44 vs 75%, P=0.05) and for patients without cGVHD (10-year OS 53 vs 86%, P<0.001). This regimen resulted in successful engraftment, low risk of TRM and long-term survival. In an era when imatinib is first line therapy, this regimen offers a potentially low-toxicity, highly successful alternative in the event of poor imatinib response.

  3. Pharmacokinetic and Maximum Tolerated Dose Study of Micafungin in Combination with Fluconazole versus Fluconazole Alone for Prophylaxis of Fungal Infections in Adult Patients Undergoing a Bone Marrow or Peripheral Stem Cell Transplant

    PubMed Central

    Hiemenz, J.; Cagnoni, P.; Simpson, D.; Devine, S.; Chao, N.; Keirns, J.; Lau, W.; Facklam, D.; Buell, D.

    2005-01-01

    In this dose escalation study, 74 adult cancer patients undergoing bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation received fluconazole (400 mg/day) and either normal saline (control) (12 subjects) or micafungin (12.5 to 200 mg/day) (62 subjects) for up to 4 weeks. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of micafungin was not reached, based on the development of Southwest Oncology Group criteria for grade 3 toxicity; drug-related toxicities were rare. Commonly occurring adverse events considered related to micafungin were headache (6.8%), arthralgia (6.8%), hypophosphatemia (4.1%), insomnia (4.1%), maculopapular rash (4.1%), and rash (4.1%). Pharmacokinetic profiles for micafungin on days 1 and 7 were similar. The mean half-life was approximately 13 h, with little variance after repeated or increasing doses. Mean maximum concentrations of the drug in serum and areas under the concentration-time curve from 0 to 24 h were approximately proportional to dose. There was no clinical or kinetic evidence of interaction between micafungin and fluconazole. Five of 12 patients (42%) in the control group and 14 of 62 (23%) in the micafungin-plus-fluconazole groups had a suspected fungal infection during treatment which resulted in empirical treatment with amphotericin B. The combination of micafungin and fluconazole was found to be safe in this high-risk patient population. The MTD of micafungin was not reached even at doses up to 200 mg/day for 4 weeks. The pharmacokinetic profile of micafungin in adult cancer patients with blood or marrow transplants is consistent with the profile in healthy volunteers, and the area under the curve is proportional to dose. PMID:15793107

  4. Pharmacokinetic and maximum tolerated dose study of micafungin in combination with fluconazole versus fluconazole alone for prophylaxis of fungal infections in adult patients undergoing a bone marrow or peripheral stem cell transplant.

    PubMed

    Hiemenz, J; Cagnoni, P; Simpson, D; Devine, S; Chao, N; Keirns, J; Lau, W; Facklam, D; Buell, D

    2005-04-01

    In this dose escalation study, 74 adult cancer patients undergoing bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation received fluconazole (400 mg/day) and either normal saline (control) (12 subjects) or micafungin (12.5 to 200 mg/day) (62 subjects) for up to 4 weeks. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of micafungin was not reached, based on the development of Southwest Oncology Group criteria for grade 3 toxicity; drug-related toxicities were rare. Commonly occurring adverse events considered related to micafungin were headache (6.8%), arthralgia (6.8%), hypophosphatemia (4.1%), insomnia (4.1%), maculopapular rash (4.1%), and rash (4.1%). Pharmacokinetic profiles for micafungin on days 1 and 7 were similar. The mean half-life was approximately 13 h, with little variance after repeated or increasing doses. Mean maximum concentrations of the drug in serum and areas under the concentration-time curve from 0 to 24 h were approximately proportional to dose. There was no clinical or kinetic evidence of interaction between micafungin and fluconazole. Five of 12 patients (42%) in the control group and 14 of 62 (23%) in the micafungin-plus-fluconazole groups had a suspected fungal infection during treatment which resulted in empirical treatment with amphotericin B. The combination of micafungin and fluconazole was found to be safe in this high-risk patient population. The MTD of micafungin was not reached even at doses up to 200 mg/day for 4 weeks. The pharmacokinetic profile of micafungin in adult cancer patients with blood or marrow transplants is consistent with the profile in healthy volunteers, and the area under the curve is proportional to dose.

  5. Recovery of hair coat color in Gray Collie (cyclic neutropenia)-normal bone marrow transplant chimeras.

    PubMed Central

    Yang, T. J.

    1978-01-01

    Gray Collie-normal bone marrow transplantation chimeras showed normal coloration of the hair coat on tails and several other areas 2 years after successful transplantation of bone marrow to correct cyclic neutropenia of the Gray Collie syndrome. Images Figures 1-2 PMID:347941

  6. Effects of intrabone marrow-bone marrow transplantation plus adult thymus transplantation on survival of mice bearing leukemia.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yuming; Hosaka, Naoki; Cui, Yunze; Shi, Ming; Li, Ming; Li, Qing; Ikehara, Susumu

    2012-06-10

    We recently found that allogeneic intrabone marrow-bone marrow transplantation (IBM-BMT) plus adult thymus transplantation (ATT) from the same donor is effective in mice bearing solid tumors. In the current study, we examined the effects of this strategy on the survival of mice with leukemia. One week after intravenous injection of 1×10(6) leukemic cells (EL-4, H-2(b)) into 8-week-old B6 (H-2(b)) mice, the mice were 8 Gy irradiated and transplanted with 1×10(7) bone marrow cells (BMCs) from 8-week-old BALB/c mice (H-2(d)) by IBM-BMT with or without donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) or ATT. All the mice without treatment died within 70 days after injection of EL-4. About 40% of those treated with IBM-BMT alone died within 100 days due to tumor relapse. In contrast, those treated with IBM-BMT+DLI or ATT showed the longest survival rate without relapse of leukemia. In addition, the former showed less graft versus host disease (GVHD) than the latter. The mice treated with IBM-BMT+ATT also showed an intermediate percentage of effector memory (EM) and central memory (CM) cells between those treated with BMT alone and those treated with IBM-BMT+DLI. The numbers and functions of T cells increased in those treated with IBM-BMT+ATT with interleukin-2 and interferon-γ production. These results suggest that IBM-BMT+ATT is effective in the treatment of leukemia with strong graft versus leukemia without increased risk of GVHD.

  7. Composite vascularized skin/bone transplantation models for bone marrow-based tolerance studies.

    PubMed

    Ozmen, Selahattin; Ulusal, Betul G; Ulusal, Ali E; Izycki, Dariusz; Siemionow, Maria

    2006-03-01

    There is an ongoing need to understand the mechanisms of bone marrow-based allograft tolerance. This is important in clarifying the diverse variables influencing the ultimate outcome of the solid organ and composite tissue transplants. To establish bone marrow transplantation as a routine clinical application, further experimental studies should be conducted to overcome the obstacles related to the bone marrow transplantation. These obstacles include graft versus host disease, immunocompetence, and toxicity of the conditioning regimens. For these purposes, novel experimental models are needed. In an attempt to provide a reliable research tool for bone marrow-based tolerance induction studies, we introduced different experimental models of modified vascularized skin/bone marrow (VSBM) transplantation technique for tolerance induction, monitoring, and maintenance studies. In this skin/bone transplantation model, the technical feasibility of concurrent or consecutive transplantation of the combination of bilateral vascularized skin, vascularized bone marrow, or vascularized skin/bone marrow transplants was investigated. Isograft transplantations were performed between genetically identical Lewis (LEW, RT1) rats. Five different experimental designs in 5 groups of 5 animals each were studied. Group I: Bilateral vascularized skin (VS) transplantation; group II: bilateral vascularized skin/bone transplantation; group III: vascularized skin transplantation on one side and vascularized skin/bone transplantation on the contralateral side; group IV: vascularized bone transplantation on one side and vascularized skin/bone transplantation on the contralateral side; group V: vascularized bone transplantation on one side and vascularized skin transplantation on the contralateral side. Successful transplantations were performed in all groups. The survival of the isograft transplants was evaluated clinically and histologically. All skin flaps remained pink and pliable and grew new

  8. [Haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: Guidelines from the Francophone society of marrow transplantation and cellular therapy (SFGM-TC)].

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Stéphanie; Chalandon, Yves; Lemarie, Claude; Simon, Sophie; Masson, Dominique; Dhedin, Nathalie; Suarez, Felipe; Renaud, Barbara; Charbonnier, Amandine; Yafour, Nabil; François, Sylvie; Duléry, Rémy; Blaise, Didier; Yakoub-Agha, Ibrahim; Rubio, Marie-Thérèse

    2016-11-01

    Haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is being increasingly used due to improvement of the transplantation procedures allowing a reduction of graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) and of transplant-related mortality (TRM). Such improvements have been particularly observed after administration of T-replete HSCT graft associated to an in vivo T cell depletion by the administration of high-doses of cyclophosphamide (HD-Cy) after transplantation. Here, we have analyzed the results of haplo-identical T replete HSC transplants, in particular, when performed with post-transplant HD-Cy in order to provide recommendations for the clinical practice. Criteria of choice for a haploidentical donor by priority order are absence of donor-specific antibodies (DSA) and to prioritize: CMV seronegative recipient/donor couples, ABO matching in case of deserythrocytation, male donor for a male recipient, the youngest donor. There is no clear argument in favor of the use of bone marrow versus peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) after non myeloablative conditioning regimen, while after ablative conditioning PBSC seem to be associated with higher risks of GVHD without obvious impact on survival. Results of haploidentical HSCT, confirmed by several groups, are interesting in lymphomas (in particular Hodgkin disease) and for acute leukemia. Outcomes of patients rely on age, disease status at transplant and conditioning intensity. At equivalent disease risk, results of haploidentical HSCT seem comparable to those of HLA matched HSCT, raising the question of the classification of such transplants as alternatives. In all cases, we recommend to include patients in prospective clinical trials.

  9. Giant anal condyloma (giant condyloma acuminatum of anus) after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation associated with human papillomavirus: a case report.

    PubMed

    Hyun, Jin-Soo; Kim, Gee-Bum; Choi, Byung-Seok; Kim, Min-Sung; Park, Sang-Gon

    2015-01-19

    Condyloma acuminatum are caused by human papillomavirus. Giant condyloma acuminatum is a locally invasive, destructive, and large sized mass. Risk factors for the development of giant condyloma acuminatum include an immunodeficient state, such as human immunodeficiency virus infection, post-organ transplantation, or post-allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. However, reports of giant condyloma after bone marrow transplantation are extremely rare (0.3 to 1.3%). The standard treatment for giant condyloma acuminatum is recommended as wide surgical resection due to its high rate of success and low rate of recurrence. A 31-year-old Korean man presented to our hospital with anal discomfort for more than one month due to a protruding mass. He had a history of BCR-ABL-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia and had undergone an allogenic stem cell transplantation. Gross findings revealed a large perianal cauliflower-like mass over 7cm in size with invasion of the anal orifice. He was diagnosed with giant anal condyloma occurring after an allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. However, we achieved successful treatment using a combination of topical podophyllin and cryotherapy and transanal surgical excision, followed by bleomycin irrigation. We report an extremely rare case of giant condyloma acuminatum of anus due to human papillomavirus type six in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia following an allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. The tumor was successfully treated with a combination of topical podophyllin and cryotherapy and transanal surgical excision, followed by bleomycin irrigation.

  10. Complete remission of VZV reactivation treated with valganciclovir in a patient with total lymphocyte depletion and acute kidney injury after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Maximova, Natalia; Antonio, Pizzol; Marilena, Granzotto; Rovere, Francesca; Tamaro, Paolo

    2015-01-01

    Varicella zoster virus (VZV), a threat for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients, is still one of the most common viral pathogens that affect these patients with a reported incidence ranging between 17% and 50% in the post transplantation period. Valganciclovir (V-GCV), a valine ester pro-drug of GCV orally administrable, has recently shown great activity against CMV infections, but there are no reports of its clinical efficacy against VZV. We here report a case history of a patient with positive serologic test for VZV, who underwent allogeneic HSCT and developed an atypical varicella-like illness. First-line therapy with foscarnet had to be discontinued due rapid development of renal impairment (creatinine: 2.60 mg/dL, urea: 130.6 mg/dL) and therefore was switched to V-GCV. The renal impairment and skin lesions of the patient fully recovered after few days of therapy, even though the patient had complete lymphocyte depletion. This is the first case of a patient with chickenpox-like illness treated successfully with V-GCV. © 2014 APMIS. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. Blood and marrow transplantation: a perspective from the University of Minnesota.

    PubMed

    Kersey, John H

    2007-01-01

    On the occasion of the first meeting of the Robert A. Good Immunology Society in June of 2006, I was asked to provide a perspective on the history and progress of the field of bone marrow transplantation. I was honored to provide this perspective at that meeting and subsequently in this manuscript. This review has a strong University of Minnesota bias, as Minneapolis is a place where important roots in this field were developed. Minnesota is also where I have spent my career in this field learning the excitement of laboratory research beginning as a medical student under Bob Good and Carlos Martinez in 1960, and clinical research in pediatrics under Bill Krivit and Mark Nesbit beginning in 1970. This review is dedicated to two of my recently deceased mentors: Bob Good was a pioneer in so many ways and a true giant in immunology and blood and marrow transplantation. Bill Krivit taught me a great deal about genetic diseases and the critical role of compassion and understanding patients and their families in dealing with fatal illness and new treatments such as bone marrow transplantation that are often risky and themselves may result in suffering and death. My affection for Bob Good and Bill Krivit is unending.

  12. Delayed Donor Bone Marrow Infusion Induces Liver Transplant Tolerance.

    PubMed

    Xie, Yan; Wu, Yang; Xin, Kang; Wang, Jiao-Jing; Xu, Hong; Ildstad, Suzanne T; Leventhal, Joseph; Yang, Guang-Yu; Zhang, Zheng; Levitsky, Josh

    2017-05-01

    Nonmyeloablative conditioning followed by donor bone marrow infusion (BMI) to induce tolerance has not been robustly tested in liver transplantation (LT) and may be unsafe at the time of LT. We hypothesized T cell-depleted BMI is effective in inducing tolerance when delayed after LT, resulting in potentially safer future clinical applications. Nonimmunosuppressed syngeneic (Lewis to Lewis) and allogeneic (ACI to Lewis) rat LT transplants were initially performed as controls. Three experimental allogeneic LT groups were treated with tacrolimus (TAC) for 3 to 4 weeks and then underwent: (1) TAC withdrawal alone; (2) nonmyeloablative conditioning (anti-αβTCR mAb + total body irradiation [300 cGy]) followed by TAC withdrawal; (3) Nonmyeloablative conditioning + donor BMI (100 × 10 T cell-depleted bone marrow cells) followed by TAC withdrawal. All group 1 recipients developed chronic rejection. Group 2 had long-term survival but impaired liver function and high donor-specific antibody (DSA) levels. In contrast, group 3 (conditioning + BMI) had long-term TAC-free survival with preserved liver function and histology, high mixed chimerism and blood/liver/spleen CD4 + CD25 + Foxp3+ regulatory T cells, and low DSA titers, similar to syngeneic grafts. While donor-specific tolerance was observed post-BMI, graft-versus-host disease was not. These results support that donor-specific tolerance can be achieved with BMI even when delayed after LT and this tolerance correlates with increased mixed chimerism, regulatory T cell generation, and diminished DSA.

  13. Variation in approval by insurance companies of coverage for autologous bone marrow transplantation for breast cancer.

    PubMed

    Peters, W P; Rogers, M C

    1994-02-17

    The proper evaluation of new forms of technology depends on the results of clinical trials. However, the treatment of patients in grant-sponsored clinical trials of cancer therapy usually requires that the proposed treatment be approved in advance by an insurance carrier in a process called predetermination. We examined the consistency of predetermination decisions by insurance companies for 533 patients enrolled in grant-supported clinical trials of high-dose chemotherapy and autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) for breast cancer from 1989 through 1992. These decisions about coverage were compared with peer-reviewed decision making according to the study protocol and with clinical outcomes. Requests for insurance coverage for ABMT were approved in 77 percent of the cases. Of these patients, 23 percent did not undergo bone marrow transplantation for protocol-based or medical reasons. Insurance coverage for ABMT was denied in response to the other requests, primarily because the therapy was considered experimental; of these patients, 51 percent eventually underwent bone marrow transplantation despite the denial of insurance. In some instances, the patient had to hire an attorney to gain coverage. The frequency of approval was not influenced by the pretreatment clinical characteristics of the patients, the design or phase of the study, the year in which the predetermination request was made, or the response to induction therapy. There was substantial inconsistency in the frequency of approval of coverage both among insurers and between decisions made by some individual insurers, even for patients in the same study protocol. The predetermination process as applied to patients receiving care in clinical research trials of cancer therapy was arbitrary and capricious. Although most of the patients eventually received financial coverage for entry into clinical trials, the process of predetermination by insurers did not correlate with protocol-based medical

  14. Filgrastim-Stimulated Bone Marrow Compared with Filgrastim-Mobilized Peripheral Blood in Myeloablative Sibling Allografting for Patients with Hematologic Malignancies: A Randomized Canadian Blood and Marrow Transplant Group Study.

    PubMed

    Couban, Stephen; Aljurf, Mahmoud; Lachance, Sylvie; Walker, Irwin; Toze, Cynthia; Rubinger, Morel; Lipton, Jeffrey H; Lee, Stephanie J; Szer, Richard; Doocey, R; Lewis, Ian D; Huebsch, Lothar; Howson-Jan, Kang; Lalancette, Michel; Almohareb, Fahad; Chaudhri, Nadeem; Ivison, Sabine; Broady, Raewyn; Levings, Megan; Fairclough, Diane; Devins, Gerald; Szwajcer, David; Foley, Ronan; Smith, Clayton; Panzarella, Tony; Kerr, Holly; Kariminia, Amina; Schultz, Kirk R

    2016-08-01

    In adult hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), filgrastim-mobilized peripheral blood (G-PB) has largely replaced unstimulated marrow for allografting. Although the use of G-PB results in faster hematopoietic recovery, it is also associated with more chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD). A potential alternative allograft is filgrastim-stimulated marrow (G-BM), which we hypothesized may be associated with prompt hematopoietic recovery but with less cGVHD. We conducted a phase 3, open-label, multicenter randomized trial of 230 adults with hematologic malignancies receiving allografts from siblings after myeloablative conditioning to compare G-PB with G-BM. The primary endpoint was time to treatment failure, defined as a composite of extensive cGVHD, relapse/disease progression, and death. With a median follow-up of 36 months (range, 9.6 to 48), comparing G-BM with G-PB, there was no difference between the 2 arms with respect to the primary outcome of this study (hazard ratio [HR], .91; 95% confidence interval [CI], .68 to 1.22; P = .52). However, the cumulative incidence of overall cGVHD was lower with G-BM (HR, .66; 95% CI, .46 to .95; P = .007) and there was no difference in the risk of relapse or progression (P = .35). The median times to neutrophil recovery (P = .0004) and platelet recovery (P = .012) were 3 days shorter for recipients allocated to G-PB compared with those allocated to G-BM, but there were no differences in secondary engraftment-related outcomes, such as time to first hospital discharge (P = .17). In addition, there were no graft failures in either arm. This trial demonstrates that, compared with G-PB, the use of G-BM allografts leads to a significantly lower rate of overall cGVHD without a loss of the graft-versus-tumor effect and comparable overall survival. Our findings suggest that further study of this type of allograft is warranted.

  15. Stress responses after pediatric bone marrow transplantation: preliminary results of a prospective longitudinal study.

    PubMed

    Stuber, M L; Nader, K; Yasuda, P; Pynoos, R S; Cohen, S

    1991-11-01

    This paper reports the preliminary findings of a longitudinal prospective study of young children undergoing bone marrow transplantation. Symptoms of post-traumatic stress were seen in these children up to 12 months after transplant. The bone marrow transplantation survivors demonstrated more denial and avoidance and fewer arousal symptoms than has been noted in children traumatized by a violent life threat, such as a sniper attack. These data suggest the use of post-traumatic stress as a model in understanding some of the symptoms of pediatric bone marrow transplantation survivors and may be applicable to other children exposed to the double life threat of serious illness and intensive medical intervention.

  16. Prolonged survival in mice with advanced tumors treated with syngeneic or allogeneic intra-bone marrow-bone marrow transplantation plus fetal thymus transplantation.

    PubMed

    Hosaka, Naoki; Cui, Wenhao; Zhang, Yuming; Takaki, Takashi; Inaba, Muneo; Ikehara, Susumu

    2010-07-01

    Thymic function decreases in line with tumor progression in patients with cancer, resulting in immunodeficiency and a poor prognosis. In the present study, we attempted to restore thymic function by BALB/c (H-2(d)) syngeneic (Syn), or B6 (H-2(b)) allogeneic (Allo) bone marrow transplantation (BMT) using intra-bone marrow-bone marrow transplantation (IBM-BMT) plus Syn-, Allo- or C3H (H-2(k)) 3rd-party fetal thymus transplantation (TT). Although the BALB/c mice with advanced tumors (Meth-A sarcoma; H-2(d), >4 cm(2)) treated with either Syn- or Allo-BMT alone showed a slight improvement in survival compared with non-treated controls, the mice treated with BMT + TT showed a longer survival. The mice treated with Allo-BMT + Allo-TT or 3rd-party TT showed the longest survival. Interestingly, although there was no difference in main tumor size among the BMT groups, lung metastasis was significantly inhibited by Allo-BMT + Allo-TT or 3rd-party TT. Numbers of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells, Con A response, and IFN-gamma production increased significantly, whereas number of Gr-1(+)/CD11b(+) myeloid suppressor cells and the percentage of FoxP3(+) cells in CD4(+) T cells significantly decreased in these mice. Furthermore, there was a positive correlation between survival days and the number of T cells or T cell function, while there was a negative correlation between survival days and lung metastasis, the number of Gr-1(+)/CD11b(+) cells, or the percentage of FoxP3(+) cells. These results suggest that BMT + TT, particularly Allo-BMT + Allo-TT or 3rd-party TT, is most effective in prolonging survival as a result of the restoration of T cell function in hosts with advanced tumors.

  17. Quarterly Performance/Technical Reports: HLA Typing for Bone Marrow Transplantation, and Development of Medical Technology for Contingency Response to Marrow Toxic Agents

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-31

    55413 1-800-526-7809 T Task 1 -Product Validation1 National Marrow Donor Program® N00014-05-1-0310 HLA Typing for Bone Marrow Transplantation *Progress... Bone Marrow Transplantation *Progress Report for the Period 9 Funding January 1, 2007 - March 31, 2007 Task 2: Validation of the Expectation

  18. Autologous bone marrow transplantation in decompensated liver: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Pankaj, Prasoon; Zhang, Qi; Bai, Xue-Li; Liang, Ting-Bo

    2015-07-28

    To evaluate the efficacy of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cell transplantation in decompensated liver disease. Medline, EMBASE, PubMed, Science Direct, and the Cochrane Library were searched for relevant studies. Retrospective case-control studies were included along with randomized clinical trials. Meta-analysis was performed in line with recommendations from the Cochrane Collaboration software review manager. Heterogeneity was assessed using a random-effects model. Four randomized controlled trials and four retrospective studies were included. Cell transplantation increased serum albumin level by 1.96 g/L (95%CI: 0.74-3.17; P = 0.002], 2.55 g/L (95%CI: 0.32-4.79; P = 0.03), and 3.65 g/L (95%CI: 0.76-6.54; P = 0.01) after 1, 3, and 6 mo, respectively. Patients who had undergone cell transplantation also had a lower level of total bilirubin [mean difference (MD): -1.37 mg/dL; 95%CI: -2.68-(-0.06); P = 0.04] after 6 mo. This decreased after 1 year when compared to standard treatment (MD: -1.26; 95%CI: -2.48-(-0.03); P = 0.04]. A temporary decrease in alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase were significant in the cell transplantation group. However, after 6 mo treatment, patients who had undergone cell transplantation had a slightly longer prothrombin time (MD: 5.66 s, 95%CI: 0.04-11.28; P = 0.05). Changes in the model for end-stage liver disease score and Child-Pugh score were not statistically significant. Autologous bone marrow transplantation showed some benefits in patients with decompensated liver disease. However, further studies are still needed to verify its role in clinical treatment for end-stage liver disease.

  19. Allogeneic Blood or Marrow Transplantation with Post-Transplantation Cyclophosphamide as Graft-versus-Host Disease Prophylaxis in Multiple Myeloma.

    PubMed

    Ghosh, Nilanjan; Ye, Xiaobu; Tsai, Hua-Ling; Bolaños-Meade, Javier; Fuchs, Ephraim J; Luznik, Leo; Swinnen, Lode J; Gladstone, Douglas E; Ambinder, Richard F; Varadhan, Ravi; Shanbhag, Satish; Brodsky, Robert A; Borrello, Ivan M; Jones, Richard J; Matsui, William; Huff, Carol Ann

    2017-07-12

    Allogeneic blood or marrow transplantation (alloBMT) may lead to long-term disease control in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). However, historically, the use of alloBMT in MM has been limited by its high nonrelapse mortality (NRM) rates, primarily from graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). We previously demonstrated that post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy) decreases the toxicities of both acute and chronic GVHD after alloBMT. Here, we examine the impact of PTCy in patients with MM undergoing alloBMT at Johns Hopkins Hospital. From 2003 to 2011, 39 patients with MM underwent bone marrow or peripheral blood alloBMT from HLA-matched related/unrelated or haploidentical related donors after either myeloablative or nonmyeloablative conditioning. Post-transplantation GVHD prophylaxis consisted of cyclophosphamide (50 mg/kg) on days +3 and +4 with or without mycophenolate mofetil and tacrolimus. Engraftment was detected in 95% of patients, with neutrophil and platelet recovery at a median of 15 and 16 days, respectively. The cumulative incidences of acute grades 2 to 4 and grades 3 and 4 GVHD were .41 and .08, respectively, and no cases of grade 4 acute GVHD were observed. The cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was .13. One patient succumbed to NRM. All cases of chronic GVHD involved extensive disease and 60% of these patients received systemic therapy with complete resolution. After alloBMT, the overall response rate was 62% with complete, very good partial, and partial response rates of 26%, 21%, and 15%, respectively. The median progression-free survival was 12 months and was associated with the depth of response but not cytogenetic risk. The estimated cumulative incidence of relapse was .46 (95% confidence interval [CI], .3 to .62) at 1 year and .56 (95% CI, .41 to .72) at 2 years. At last follow-up, 23% of patients remain without evidence of disease at a median follow-up of 10.3 years after alloBMT. The median overall survival was 4.4 years and the

  20. Bone marrow transplantation for acquired severe aplastic anemia.

    PubMed

    Bacigalupo, Andrea

    2014-12-01

    This article addresses current transplant options for patients with acquired severe aplastic anemia (SAA). This discussion includes ongoing progress in the use of SAA in the setting of unrelated donor transplants, which now provide outcomes similar, though still not identical, to HLA-identical sibling transplants. Recent data on stem cell source, conditioning regimens, and graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis are outlined. Other donor types such as cord blood and haploidentical mismatched family donors are also discussed. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Second allogeneic stem cell transplant for aplastic anaemia: a retrospective study by the Severe Aplastic Anaemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Cesaro, Simone; Peffault de Latour, Regis; Tridello, Gloria; Pillon, Marta; Carlson, Kristina; Fagioli, Franca; Jouet, Jean-Pierre; Koh, Mickey B C; Panizzolo, Irene Sara; Kyrcz-Krzemien, Slawomira; Maertens, Johan; Rambaldi, Alessandro; Strahm, Brigitte; Blaise, Didier; Maschan, Alexei; Marsh, Judith; Dufour, Carlo

    2015-11-01

    We analysed the outcome of a second allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplant (alloHSCT) in 162 patients reported to the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation between 1998 and 2009. Donor origin was a sibling in 110 and an unrelated donor in 52 transplants, respectively. The stem cell source was bone marrow in 31% and peripheral blood in 69% of transplants. The same donor as for the first alloHSCT was used in 81% of transplants whereas a change in the choice of stem cell source was reported in 56% of patients, mainly from bone marrow to peripheral blood. Neutrophil and platelet engraftment occurred in 85% and 72% of patients, after a median time of 15 and 17 days, respectively. Grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and chronic GVHD occurred in 21% and 37% of patients, respectively. Graft failure (GF) occurred in 42 patients (26%). After a median follow-up of 3·5 years, the 5-year overall survival (OS) was 60·7%. In multivariate analysis, the only factor significantly associated with a better outcome was a Karnofsky/Lansky score ≥80 (higher OS). We conclude that a second alloHSCT is feasible rescue option for GF in SAA, with a successful outcome in 60% of cases.

  2. Sirolimus Pharmacokinetics in Early Postmyeloablative Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Goyal, Rakesh K.; Han, Kelong; Wall, Donna A.; Pulsipher, Michael A.; Bunin, Nancy; Grupp, Stephan A.; Mada, Sripal R.; Venkataramanan, Raman

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the pharmacokinetics of sirolimus in pediatric allogeneic blood and marrow transplantation (BMT) recipients in the presence and absence of concomitant fluconazole. Forty pediatric BMT recipients received a daily oral dose of sirolimus and a continuous i.v. infusion of tacrolimus for graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis. Fluconazole was administered i.v. to 19 patients and orally to 6 patients. Full pharmacokinetic profiles of sirolimus within a single dosing interval were collected. Whole-blood sirolimus concentrations were measured by HPLC/mass spectrometry. Noncompartmental analysis was performed using WinNonlin. Nonlinear mixed-effects pharmacokinetic models were developed using NONMEM following standard procedures. The mean ± SD sirolimus trough level before the dose (C0) was 8.0 ± 4.6 ng/mL (range, 1.8–21.6 ng/mL). The peak concentration was 19.9 ± 11.8 ng/mL (range, 3.9–46.1 ng/mL), and the trough level 24 hours later (C24) was 9.1 ± 5.3 ng/mL (range, 1.0–19.1 ng/mL). The terminal disposition half-life (T1/2) was 24.5 ± 11.2 hours (range, 5.8–53.2 hours), and the area under the concentration-versus-time curve (AUC0–24) was 401.1 ± 316.3 ng·h/mL (range, 20.7–1332.3 ng·h/mL). In patients at steady state, C0 and C24 were closely correlated (R2 = 0.77) with a slope of 0.99, indicating the achievement of steady state. C24 was 1.7-fold greater (P = .036) and AUC0–24 was 2-fold greater (P = .012) in Caucasian patients (n = 22) compared with Hispanic patients (n = 9). The average apparent oral clearance was 3-fold greater (P = .001) and the apparent oral volume of distribution was 2-fold greater (P = .018) in patients age ≤12 years compared with those age >12 years. C24 was significantly lower in patients (n = 10) who developed grade III–IV aGVHD (n = 10) than in those with grade 0-II aGVHD (n = 22) (6.1 ± 2.9 ng/mL versus 9.4 ± 5.5 ng/mL; P = .044). Dose-normalized sirolimus trough concentrations were significantly

  3. [Deep fascia composite autologous red bone marrow transplantation for the treatment of fracture nonunion].

    PubMed

    Ling, Hui-Min; Wu, Heng-Xuan; Huang, Cui-Ye; Ma, Shi-Qian

    2009-11-01

    According to bone regeneration under the membrane and the bone regeneration deep fascia composite autologous red bone marrow transplantation applied in the treatment of fracture nonunion, in order to find a simple and effective clinical treatment of nonunion. Since March 2006 to March 2009,17 patients of fracture nonunion were treated by the deep fascia composite autologous bone marrow transplantation,included 10 males and 7 females, aged from 7 to 52 years old (means 32 years). There were 10 cases of tibia, 5 cases of radius, 2 cases of clavicle. Injured to admission time was from 7 to 36 months (means 12 months). Ten cases underwent operation for 1 time,5 cases for twice and 2 cases for 3 times. The position of nonunion were all at bone shaft and the condition of the skin and soft tissue was good. X-ray film showed 11 cases of hyperplasia nonunion, 6 cases of shrinking. The original fixation were removed and the intramedullary nail or plate fixation were re-used, and fracture ends were sutured closed by autogenous deep fascia and implanted with autologous red bone marrow. Seventeen patients were followed-up for from 5 months to 2 years with an average of 1 year. Fracture healing time was from 12 to 20 weeks (means 16 weeks). According to the criteria of fracture healing to assess efficacy, the results were excellent in 14 cases, good in 2 cases and poor in 1 case. Deep fascia composite autologous autologous red bone marrow transplantation for the treatment of fracture nonunion is suitable at the bone shaft and good condition of skin and soft tissue. The method has been observed that the fracture healing time is short.

  4. Cutaneous and bone marrow histoplasmosis after 18 years of renal allograft transplant.

    PubMed

    Ibrahim, K Y; Carvalho, N B; Mimicos, E V; Yeh-Li, H; Sotto, M N; França, F O S

    2014-10-01

    The frequency of histoplasmosis among solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients appears to be low where there are only a few case series, mostly among renal and liver transplant recipients. Herein we report a case of a 44-year-old woman who underwent a living-related renal transplant 18 years prior to evaluation, developed a nodule after followed by ulceration upon her posterior right leg and a second one upon her left leg 3 months and 2 months before her hospitalisation, respectively. The biopsy of lesion revealed the presence of Histoplasma spp. Bone marrow aspiration was performed and also revealed the same organism. She had initially received itraconazole without improvement of lesions, while a new lesion appeared on her left arm. Healing of all lesions could be observed after 40 days of liposomal amphotericin B when she was submitted to skin grafts on the legs and a surgical treatment on the arms, and the myelosuppression improved simultaneously. Histoplasmosis seems to be very uncommon among patients who underwent to organ solid transplantation. Most cases occur within 12-18 months after transplantation, although unusual cases have been presented many years post-transplant. There are cases reported in the literature, occurring from 84 days to 18 years after organ transplantation, but without cutaneous involvement. Our patient developed lesions on limbs and myelosuppression after 18 years of chronic immunosuppression medication. This case suggests that besides cutaneous histoplasmosis is an uncommon infection following iatrogenic immunosuppression and even rarer over a long period after the transplantation. Clinicians who care SOT recipient patients must bear in mind histoplasmosis infection as differential diagnosis in any case of cutaneous injury with prolonged fever and try to use as many tools as possible to make the diagnosis, once this disease presents a good prognosis if it is diagnosed and treated promptly.

  5. Late Effects Screening Guidelines after Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Inherited Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes: Consensus Statement From the Second Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Consortium International Conference on Late Effects After Pediatric HCT.

    PubMed

    Dietz, Andrew C; Savage, Sharon A; Vlachos, Adrianna; Mehta, Parinda A; Bresters, Dorine; Tolar, Jakub; Bonfim, Carmem; Dalle, Jean Hugues; de la Fuente, Josu; Skinner, Roderick; Boulad, Farid; Duncan, Christine N; Baker, K Scott; Pulsipher, Michael A; Lipton, Jeffrey M; Wagner, John E; Alter, Blanche P

    2017-09-01

    Patients with inherited bone marrow failure syndromes (IBMFS), such as Fanconi anemia (FA), dyskeratosis congenita (DC), or Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA), can have hematologic manifestations cured through hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Subsequent late effects seen in these patients arise from a combination of the underlying disease, the pre-HCT therapy, and the HCT process. During the international consensus conference sponsored by the Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Consortium on late effects screening and recommendations following allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for immune deficiency and nonmalignant hematologic diseases held in Minneapolis, Minnesota in May 2016, a half-day session was focused specifically on the unmet needs for these patients with IBMFS. This multidisciplinary group of experts in rare diseases and transplantation late effects has already published on the state of the science in this area, along with discussion of an agenda for future research. This companion article outlines consensus disease-specific long-term follow-up screening guidelines for patients with IMBFS. Copyright © 2017 The American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. All rights reserved.

  6. Liver Transplantation After Bone Marrow Transplantation for End Stage Liver Disease with Severe Hepatopulmonary Syndrome in Dyskeratosis Congenita: A Literature First

    PubMed Central

    Mahansaria, Shyam Sunder; Kumar, Senthil; Bharathy, Kishore G.S.; Kumar, Sachin; Pamecha, Viniyendra

    2015-01-01

    Dyskeratosis congenita is a multisystem genetic disorder. Although hepatic involvement is reported in about 7% of patients with dyskeratosis congenita, it is not well characterized and often attributed to hemochromatosis from frequent blood transfusions. A few case reports describe cirrhosis and hepatic cell necrosis in affected individuals in autosomal dominant pedigrees. Bone marrow failure and malignancies are the principal causes of death in dyskeratosis congenita. We describe the first case of living donor liver transplantation, in dyskeratosis congenita for decompensated cirrhosis with portal hypertension. The patient also had associated severe hepatopulmonary syndrome, interstitial lung disease, bilateral hip replacement for avascular necrosis of the head of femur, and a past history of bone marrow transplantation for bone marrow failure. PMID:26900277

  7. B- and T-lymphocyte number and function in HIV(+)/HIV(-) lymphoma patients treated with high-dose chemotherapy and autologous bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Bertoli, Diego; Re, Alessandro; Chiarini, Marco; Sottini, Alessandra; Serana, Federico; Giustini, Viviana; Roccaro, Aldo M; Cattaneo, Chiara; Caimi, Luigi; Rossi, Giuseppe; Imberti, Luisa

    2016-12-01

    Combination of anti-retroviral therapy, high-dose chemotherapy (HCT) and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) has led to an improved survival of HIV(+) non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients. We compared T- and B-cell subset recovery and related capability to respond to in-vitro stimulation, as well as T-cell repertoire modifications of HIV(+) and HIV(-) NHL patients undergoing HCT and ASCT as first-line consolidation or salvage treatment, using sequential blood samples obtained before and at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after ASCT. B lymphocyte recovery occurred earlier, reaching higher levels in HIV(+) patients as compared to HIV(-) patients and healthy controls; in particular, immature and naïve B cells were significantly higher in HIV(+) patients who had received rituximab in the pre-ASCT period. These lymphocytes equally responded to in-vitro stimulation. Newly produced T cells similarly increased in HIV(+) and HIV(-) NHL patients, but their levels remained constantly lower than in healthy controls. T lymphocytes showed a reduced proliferative capacity, but their repertoire was reassorted by the treatment. The functional and numeric B-cell recovery and the qualitative modifications of T-cell receptor repertoire may explain, at least in part, the success of this aggressive therapeutic approach in HIV(+) patients.

  8. B- and T-lymphocyte number and function in HIV+/HIV− lymphoma patients treated with high-dose chemotherapy and autologous bone marrow transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Bertoli, Diego; Re, Alessandro; Chiarini, Marco; Sottini, Alessandra; Serana, Federico; Giustini, Viviana; Roccaro, Aldo M.; Cattaneo, Chiara; Caimi, Luigi; Rossi, Giuseppe; Imberti, Luisa

    2016-01-01

    Combination of anti-retroviral therapy, high-dose chemotherapy (HCT) and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) has led to an improved survival of HIV+ non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients. We compared T- and B-cell subset recovery and related capability to respond to in-vitro stimulation, as well as T-cell repertoire modifications of HIV+ and HIV− NHL patients undergoing HCT and ASCT as first-line consolidation or salvage treatment, using sequential blood samples obtained before and at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after ASCT. B lymphocyte recovery occurred earlier, reaching higher levels in HIV+ patients as compared to HIV− patients and healthy controls; in particular, immature and naïve B cells were significantly higher in HIV+ patients who had received rituximab in the pre-ASCT period. These lymphocytes equally responded to in-vitro stimulation. Newly produced T cells similarly increased in HIV+ and HIV− NHL patients, but their levels remained constantly lower than in healthy controls. T lymphocytes showed a reduced proliferative capacity, but their repertoire was reassorted by the treatment. The functional and numeric B-cell recovery and the qualitative modifications of T-cell receptor repertoire may explain, at least in part, the success of this aggressive therapeutic approach in HIV+ patients. PMID:27905485

  9. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Activity in Pediatric Cancer between 2008 and 2014 in the United States: A Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research Report.

    PubMed

    Khandelwal, Pooja; Millard, Heather R; Thiel, Elizabeth; Abdel-Azim, Hisham; Abraham, Allistair A; Auletta, Jeffery J; Boulad, Farid; Brown, Valerie I; Camitta, Bruce M; Chan, Ka Wah; Chaudhury, Sonali; Cowan, Morton J; Angel-Diaz, Miguel; Gadalla, Shahinaz M; Gale, Robert Peter; Hale, Gregory; Kasow, Kimberly A; Keating, Amy K; Kitko, Carrie L; MacMillan, Margaret L; Olsson, Richard F; Page, Kristin M; Seber, Adriana; Smith, Angela R; Warwick, Anne B; Wirk, Baldeep; Mehta, Parinda A

    2017-08-01

    This Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research report describes the use of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in pediatric patients with cancer, 4408 undergoing allogeneic (allo) and3076 undergoing autologous (auto) HSCT in the United States between 2008 and 2014. In both settings, there was a greater proportion of boys (n = 4327; 57%), children < 10 years of age (n = 4412; 59%), whites (n = 5787; 77%), and children with a performance score ≥ 90% at HSCT (n = 6187; 83%). Leukemia was the most common indication for an allo-transplant (n = 4170; 94%), and among these, acute lymphoblastic leukemia in second complete remission (n = 829; 20%) and acute myeloid leukemia in first complete remission (n = 800; 19%) werethe most common. The most frequently used donor relation, stem cell sources, and HLA match were unrelated donor (n = 2933; 67%), bone marrow (n = 2378; 54%), and matched at 8/8 HLA antigens (n = 1098; 37%) respectively. Most allo-transplants used myeloablative conditioning (n = 4070; 92%) and calcineurin inhibitors and methotrexate (n = 2245; 51%) for acute graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis. Neuroblastoma was the most common primary neoplasm for an auto-transplant (n = 1338; 44%). Tandem auto-transplants for neuroblastoma declined after 2012 (40% in 2011, 25% in 2012, and 8% in 2014), whereas tandem auto-transplants increased for brain tumors (57% in 2008 and 77% in 2014). Allo-transplants from relatives other than HLA-identical siblings doubled between 2008 and 2014 (3% in 2008 and 6% in 2014). These trends will be monitored in future reports of transplant practices in the United States. Copyright © 2017 The American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Celebrating 40 years of progress in bone marrow transplantation: a report from the 40th Annual Meeting of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Pagano, Livio; Lyon, Sue

    2014-01-01

    The European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation was established in 1974 to enable scientists and physicians involved in clinical bone marrow transplantation to share their experience and develop cooperative studies. The organization celebrated its 40th anniversary with a meeting that considered hematopoietic stem cell transplantation not as a standalone procedure, but as part of a complex therapeutic program managed by a multidisciplinary professional team. The role of antifungal prophylaxis, emerging resistance in Aspergillus, the management of mucormycosis and new guidelines on antifungal therapy were among the topics discussed by the physicians, nurses, allied health professionals and scientists attending the 40th Annual Meeting of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

  11. Exercise and stress management training prior to hematopoietic cell transplantation: Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network (BMT CTN) 0902.

    PubMed

    Jacobsen, Paul B; Le-Rademacher, Jennifer; Jim, Heather; Syrjala, Karen; Wingard, John R; Logan, Brent; Wu, Juan; Majhail, Navneet S; Wood, William; Rizzo, J Douglas; Geller, Nancy L; Kitko, Carrie; Faber, Edward; Abidi, Muneer H; Slater, Susan; Horowitz, Mary M; Lee, Stephanie J

    2014-10-01

    Studies show that engaging patients in exercise and/or stress management techniques during hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) improves quality of life. The Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network tested the efficacy of training patients to engage in self-directed exercise and stress management during HCT. The study randomized 711 patients at 21 centers to receive 1 of 4 training interventions before HCT: a self-directed exercise program, a self-administered stress management program, both, or neither. Participants completed self-reported assessments at enrollment and up to 180 days after HCT. Randomization was stratified by center and transplant type. There were no differences in the primary endpoints of the Physical Component Summary and Mental Component Summary scales of the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 at day +100 among the groups, based on an intention-to-treat analysis. There also were no differences in overall survival, days of hospitalization through day +100 post-HCT, or in other patient-reported outcomes, including treatment-related distress, sleep quality, pain, and nausea. Patients randomized to training in stress management reported more use of those techniques, but patients randomized to training in exercise did not report more physical activity. Although other studies have reported efficacy of more intensive interventions, brief training in an easy-to-disseminate format for either self-directed exercise or stress management was not effective in our trial.

  12. Mobilized Peripheral Blood Stem Cells Versus Unstimulated Bone Marrow As a Graft Source for T-Cell-Replete Haploidentical Donor Transplantation Using Post-Transplant Cyclophosphamide.

    PubMed

    Bashey, Asad; Zhang, Mei-Jie; McCurdy, Shannon R; St Martin, Andrew; Argall, Trevor; Anasetti, Claudio; Ciurea, Stefan O; Fasan, Omotayo; Gaballa, Sameh; Hamadani, Mehdi; Munshi, Pashna; Al Malki, Monzr M; Nakamura, Ryotaro; O'Donnell, Paul V; Perales, Miguel-Angel; Raj, Kavita; Romee, Rizwan; Rowley, Scott; Rocha, Vanderson; Salit, Rachel B; Solh, Melhem; Soiffer, Robert J; Fuchs, Ephraim Joseph; Eapen, Mary

    2017-09-10

    Purpose T-cell-replete HLA-haploidentical donor hematopoietic transplantation using post-transplant cyclophosphamide was originally described using bone marrow (BM). With increasing use of mobilized peripheral blood (PB), we compared transplant outcomes after PB and BM transplants. Patients and Methods A total of 681 patients with hematologic malignancy who underwent transplantation in the United States between 2009 and 2014 received BM (n = 481) or PB (n = 190) grafts. Cox regression models were built to examine differences in transplant outcomes by graft type, adjusting for patient, disease, and transplant characteristics. Results Hematopoietic recovery was similar after transplantation of BM and PB (28-day neutrophil recovery, 88% v 93%, P = .07; 100-day platelet recovery, 88% v 85%, P = .33). Risks of grade 2 to 4 acute (hazard ratio [HR], 0.45; P < .001) and chronic (HR, 0.35; P < .001) graft-versus-host disease were lower with transplantation of BM compared with PB. There were no significant differences in overall survival by graft type (HR, 0.99; P = .98), with rates of 54% and 57% at 2 years after transplantation of BM and PB, respectively. There were no differences in nonrelapse mortality risks (HR, 0.92; P = .74) but relapse risks were higher after transplantation of BM (HR, 1.49; P = .009). Additional exploration confirmed that the higher relapse risks after transplantation of BM were limited to patients with leukemia (HR, 1.73; P = .002) and not lymphoma (HR, 0.87; P = .64). Conclusion PB and BM grafts are suitable for haploidentical transplantation with the post-transplant cyclophosphamide approach but with differing patterns of treatment failure. Although, to our knowledge, this is the most comprehensive comparison, these findings must be validated in a randomized prospective comparison with adequate follow-up.

  13. Prevention and treatment of fungal infections in bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Mossad, Sherif B

    2003-07-01

    There has not been as much success in the prevention and treatment of invasive fungal infections, particularly aspergillosis, compared to the prevention and treatment of cytomegalovirus infection and graft-versus-host disease in bone marrow transplant (BMT) recipients. Allogeneic BMT recipients who develop graft-versus-host disease and remain immunosuppressed for long periods are at major risk for development of these infections. Prevention of environmental exposure, antifungal chemoprophylaxis, and attempts at early diagnosis are essential for the reduction of mortality from invasive fungal infections. Chest computerized axial tomography is extremely useful in diagnosing pulmonary aspergillosis. However, microbiologic or histologic identification of infection remains essential. Unfortunately, the response to therapy in BMT recipients remains suboptimal. With the development of the lipid formulations of amphotericin B, the newer azoles, and the echinocandins, safer and more efficacious options have become available. The optimal use of antifungal agents or their combinations remains to be determined.

  14. Allogeneic marrow transplantation following cyclophosphamide and escalating doses of hyperfractionated total body irradiation in patients with advanced lymphoid malignancies: A phase I/II trial

    SciTech Connect

    Demirer, T.; Petersen, F.B.; Appelbaum, F.R.

    1995-07-15

    The purpose of this investigation was to define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of unshielded total body irradiation (TBI) delivered from dual {sup 60}C sources at an exposure rate of 0.08 Gy/min and given in thrice daily fractions of 1.2 Gy in patients with advanced lymphoid malignancies. Forty-four patients with a median age of 28 (range 6-48) years were entered into a Phase I/II study. All patients received cyclophosphamide (Cy), 120 mg/kg administered over 2 days before TBI. Marrow from human leukocyte antigen (HLA) identical siblings was infused following the last dose of TBI. An escalation-deescalation schema designed to not exceed an incidence of 25% of Grade 3-4 regimen-related toxicities (RRTs) was used. The first dose level tested was 13.2 Gy followed by 14.4 Gy. None of the four patients at the dose level of 13.2 Gy developed Grade 3-4 RRT. Two of the first eight patients receiving 14.4 Gy developed Grade 3-4 RRT, establishing this as the MTD. An additional 32 patients were evaluated at the 14.4 Gy level to confirm these initial observations. Of 40 patients receiving 14.4 Gy, 13 (32.5%) developed Grade 3-4 RRTs; 46% in adults and 12% in children. The primary dose limiting toxicity was Grade 3-4 hepatic toxicity, which occurred in 12.5% of patients. Noninfectious Grade 3-4 interstitial pneumonia syndrome occurred in 5% of patients. The actuarial probabilities of event-free survival, relapse, and nonrelapse mortality at 2 years were 0.10, 0.81, and 0.47, respectively, for patients who received 14.4 Gy of TBI. The outcome for patients receiving 14.4 Gy of TBI was not different from previous studies of other CY and TBI regimens in patients with advanced lymphoid malignancies. These data showed that the incidence of Grade 3-4 RRTs in adults was greater than the 25% maximum set as the goal of this study, suggesting that 13.2 Gy is a more appropriate dose of TBI for adults, while 14.4 Gy is an appropriate dose for children. 36 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

  15. Reversal of new-onset type 1 diabetes in mice by syngeneic bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Wen, Yanting; Ouyang, Jian; Yang, Rong; Chen, Junhao; Liu, Yong; Zhou, Xiaojun; Burt, Richard K

    2008-09-19

    Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has recently been performed as a novel strategy to treat patients with new-onset type 1 diabetes (T1D). However, the mechanism of autologous HSCT-induced remission of diabetes remains unknown. In order to help clarify the mechanism of remission-induction following autologous HSCT in patients with T1D, mice treated with multiple low doses of streptozotocin to induce diabetes were used as both donors (n=20) and recipients (n=20). Compared to streptozocin-treated mice not receiving transplantation, syngeneic bone marrow transplantation (syn-BMT) from a streptozocin-treated diabetic donor, if applied during new-onset T1D (day 10 after diabetes onset), can reverse hyperglycemia without relapse (P<0.001), maintain normal blood insulin levels (P<0.001), and preserve islet cell mass. Compared to diabetic mice not undergoing HSCT, syn-BMT, results in restoration of Tregs in spleens (P<0.01), increased Foxp3 mRNA expression (P<0.01) and increased Foxp3 protein expression (P<0.05). This diabetic-remission-inducing effect occurred in mice receiving bone marrow from either streptozocin-treated diabetic or non-diabetic normal donors. We conclude that autologous HSCT remission of diabetes is more than transient immune suppression, and is capable of prolonged remission-induction via regeneration of CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ Tregs.

  16. Myeloid regeneration after whole body irradiation, autologous bone marrow transplantation, and treatment with an anabolic steroid.

    PubMed

    Ambrus, C M; Ambrus, J L

    1975-01-01

    Stumptail monkeys (Macaca speciosa) received lethal whole body radiation. Autologous bone marrow injection resulted in survival of the majority of the animals. Treatment with Deca-Durabolin, an anabolic steroid, caused more rapid recovery of colony-forming cell numbers in the bone marrow than in control animals. Both the Deca-Durabolin-treated and control groups were given autologous bone marrow transplantation. Anabolic steroid effect on transplanted bone marrow colonyforming cells may explain the increased rate of leukopoietic regeneration in anabolic steroid-treated animals as compared to controls.

  17. Congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia: a case report of pediatric twins undergoing matched unrelated bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Rao, Amulya A N; Gourde, Julia A; Marri, Preethi; Galardy, Paul J; Khan, Shakila P; Rodriguez, Vilmarie

    2015-05-01

    Congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia (CAMT) is a rare inherited disorder that presents with thrombocytopenia in infancy and evolves into bone marrow failure over time. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant remains the only curative treatment option. We report our experience with identical twin sisters diagnosed with CAMT and treated successfully with matched unrelated donor bone marrow transplants. Before the transplant, 1 twin developed pancytopenia, whereas the other had a relatively benign clinical course. Choice of conditioning regimens was based on their pretransplant bone marrow cellularity and presence or absence of panyhypoplasia. Both twins tolerated the procedure well with no significant complications.

  18. Unmanipulated haploidentical bone marrow transplantation and post-transplant cyclophosphamide for hematologic malignanices following a myeloablative conditioning: an update.

    PubMed

    Bacigalupo, A; Dominietto, A; Ghiso, A; Di Grazia, C; Lamparelli, T; Gualandi, F; Bregante, S; Van Lint, M T; Geroldi, S; Luchetti, S; Grasso, R; Pozzi, S; Colombo, N; Tedone, E; Varaldo, R; Raiola, A M

    2015-06-01

    This is a report of 148 patients with hematologic malignancies who received an unmanipulated haploidentical bone marrow transplant (BMT), followed by post-transplant high-dose cyclophosphamide (PT-CY). All patients received a myeloablative conditioning consisting of thiotepa, busulfan, fludarabine (n=92) or TBI, fludarabine (n=56). The median age was 47 years (17-74); 47 patients were in first remission (CR1), 37 in second remission (CR2) and 64 had an active disease; all patients were first grafts. The diagnosis was acute leukemia (n=75), myelodisplastic syndrome (n=24), myelofibrosis (n=16), high-grade lymphoma (n=15) and others (n=18). GVHD prophylaxis consisted in PT-CY on days +3 and +5, cyclosporine (from day 0), and mycophenolate (from day +1). The median day for neutrophil engraftment was day +18 (13-32). The cumulative incidence of grades II-IV acute GVHD was 24%, and of grades III-IV GVHD 10%. The incidence of moderate-severe chronic GVHD was 12%. With a median follow-up for the surviving patients of 313 days (100-1162), the cumulative incidence of transplant-related mortality (TRM) is 13%, and the relapse-related death is 23%. The actuarial 22 months overall survival is 77% for CR1 patients, 49% for CR2 patients and 38% for patients grafted in relapse (P<0.001). Major causes of death were relapse (22%), GVHD (2%) and infections (6%). We confirm our initial results, suggesting that a myeloablative conditioning regimen followed by unmanipulated haploidentical BMT with PT-CY, results in a low risk of acute and chronic GVHD and encouraging rates of TRM and overall survival, also for patients with active disease at the time of transplant.

  19. Targeted agents for chronic myelogenous leukemia: will that be the end of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for that disease?

    PubMed

    Liang, Yuzhen; Lai, Yongrong; Schwarzenberger, Paul; Li, Qiaochuan; Ma, Jie; Luo, Jun; Liu, Rongrong; Shi, Lingling; Zhou, Jicheng; Peng, Zhigang; Yang, Jie; Deng, Donghong; Zhou, Yizhen

    2010-06-01

    Although the drug imatinib has been accepted as the treatment of choice for chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in chronic phase (CP) throughout the Western world, allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) continues to remain a widely practiced first-line treatment in countries with limited health care budgets. The rationale is not scientific, but largely economically based. We analyzed a cohort of 46 CML patients who participated in a graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis clinical trial and underwent related HLA-matched allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. The median time of follow-up in surviving patients was 43 months (range: 4-89 months). Risk stratification of the population was done by European Blood and Marrow Transplant (EBMT) criteria. The estimated probabilities of overall survival (OS) and leukemia-free survival (LFS) at 3 years in low EBMT risk score (0-2) patients were both 91%, respectively. We conclude that in countries with restricted access to imatinib, allo-SCT should be considered early on as front-line therapy. Continued research support for bone marrow transplantation will be needed to make a global impact on this disease. Copyright 2010 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Oral care in Brazilian bone marrow transplant centers

    PubMed Central

    Eduardo, Fernanda de Paula; Bezinelli, Letícia Mello; Hamerschlak, Nelson; Andrade, Claudia Toledo; Morelli, Leonardo Raul; Corrêa, Luciana

    2011-01-01

    Background Oral care is a fundamental procedure for the success of the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, particularly regarding the control of oral infectious diseases. Information about oral care protocols and the inclusion of dental professionals in transplantation medical staff is poorly known. Objective The aim of this study was to carry out a survey about the protocols of Brazilian dental professionals with regard to oral care of HSCT patients. Methods A questionnaire was mailed to 36 Brazilian transplant centers with questions about basic oral care protocols, the indication of specific mouthwashes, antibiotic therapy regimens, laser therapy, and treatment of oral mucositis and graft-versus-host disease. All the respondent centers (n = 12) have dentists as members of the HSCT medical staff. Results The majority indicate non-alcoholic chlorhexidine (n = 9; 75.0%) and sodium bicarbonate (n = 5; 41.7%) as routine mouthwashes. Laser therapy was frequently indicated (n= 9; 75.0%), mainly in the prevention of oral mucositis and in oral pain control. In the post-transplant period, antibiotic therapy was only indicated for invasive dental treatments (n= 8; 66.7%). Several treatments for graft-versus-host disease were mentioned without a trend towards establishing a standard protocol. Conclusion Basic oral care constitutes regular assessment in the routine treatment of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation patients in Brazilian centers. PMID:23284237

  1. A Melanoma Lymph Node Metastasis with a Donor-Patient Hybrid Genome following Bone Marrow Transplantation: A Second Case of Leucocyte-Tumor Cell Hybridization in Cancer Metastasis

    PubMed Central

    Duvall, Eric; Grasmick, Zachary; Haedicke, Kay

    2017-01-01

    Background Metastatic disease is the principal cause of mortality in cancer, yet the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Macrophage-cancer cell fusion as a cause of metastasis was proposed more than a century ago by German pathologist Prof. Otto Aichel. Since then this theory has been confirmed in numerous animal studies and recently in a patient with metastatic melanoma. Methods Here we analyzed tumor DNA from a 51-year-old man who, 8 years following an allogeneic BMT from his brother for treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), developed a nodular malignant melanoma on the upper back with spread to an axillary sentinal lymph node. We used laser microdissection to isolate FFPE tumor cells free of leucocytes. They were genotyped using forensic short tandem repeat (STR) length-polymorphisms to distinguish donor and patient genomes. Tumor and pre-transplant blood lymphocyte DNAs were analyzed for donor and patient alleles at 15 autosomal STR loci and the sex chromosomes. Results DNA analysis of the primary melanoma and the nodal metastasis exhibit alleles at each STR locus that are consistent with both the patient and donor. The doses vary between these samples indicative of the relative amounts of genomic DNA derived from the patient and donor. Conclusion The evidence supports fusion and hybridization between donor and patient cells as the initiator of metastasis in this patient. That this phenomenon has now been seen in a second case suggests that fusion is likely to play a significant role for melanoma and other solid tumor metastasis, perhaps leading to new avenues of treatment for this most problematic disease. PMID:28146572

  2. Optimal Threshold and Time of Absolute Lymphocyte Count Assessment for Outcome Prediction after Bone Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Bayraktar, Ulas D; Milton, Denái R; Guindani, Michele; Rondon, Gabriela; Chen, Julianne; Al-Atrash, Gheath; Rezvani, Katayoun; Champlin, Richard; Ciurea, Stefan O

    2016-03-01

    The recovery pace of absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) is prognostic after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Previous studies have evaluated a wide range of ALC cutoffs and time points for predicting outcomes. We aimed to determine the optimal ALC value for outcome prediction after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). A total of 518 patients who underwent BMT for acute leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome between 1999 and 2010 were divided into a training set and a test set to assess the prognostic value of ALC on days 30, 60, 90, 120, 180, as well as the first post-transplantation day of an ALC of 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, and 1000/μL. In the training set, the best predictor of overall survival (OS), relapse-free survival (RFS), and nonrelapse mortality (NRM) was ALC on day 60. In the entire patient cohort, multivariable analyses demonstrated significantly better OS, RFS, and NRM and lower incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in patients with an ALC >300/μL on day 60 post-BMT, both including and excluding patients who developed GVHD before day 60. Among the patient-, disease-, and transplant-related factors assessed, only busulfan-based conditioning was significantly associated with higher ALC values on day 60 in both cohorts. The optimal ALC cutoff for predicting outcomes after BMT is 300/μL on day 60 post-transplantation. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation in adult patients with acute myeloid leukaemia and 17p abnormalities in first complete remission: a study from the Acute Leukemia Working Party (ALWP) of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT).

    PubMed

    Poiré, Xavier; Labopin, Myriam; Maertens, Johan; Yakoub-Agha, Ibrahim; Blaise, Didier; Ifrah, Norbert; Socié, Gérard; Gedde-Dhal, Tobias; Schaap, Nicolaas; Cornelissen, Jan J; Vigouroux, Stéphane; Sanz, Jaime; Michaux, Lucienne; Esteve, Jordi; Mohty, Mohamad; Nagler, Arnon

    2017-01-18

    Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) with 17p abnormalities (abn(17p)) carries a very poor prognosis due to high refractoriness to conventional chemotherapy, and allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) appears as the only potential curative option. To address outcomes after allo-SCT in patients with abn(17p), we retrospectively analysed de novo or secondary AML undergoing SCT between 2000 and 2013 from the EBMT registry. One hundred thirty-nine patients with confirmed abn(17p) have been selected. At the time of transplant, one hundred twenty-five were in first remission (CR1). Median age was 54 years old. Abn(17p) was associated with a monosomal karyotype in 83% of patients, complex karyotype in 91%, monosomy 5 or 5q deletion (-5/5q-) in 55%, monosomy 7 (-7) in 39% and both -5/5q and -7 in 27%. Seventy-three patients (59%) had a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen. The 2-year overall survival (OS) and leukaemia-free survival (LFS) were 28 and 24%, respectively. The 2-year non-relapse mortality (NRM) was 15%, and 2-year relapse incidence (RI) was 61%. The cumulative incidence of grade II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) was 24% and that of chronic GvHD was 21%. In multivariate analysis, the presence of a -5/5q- in addition to abn(17p) was significantly and independently associated with worse OS, LFS and higher RI. Age and donor types did not correlate with outcome. Conditioning intensity was not statistically associated with OS, LFS and NRM when adjusted for patients' age. In contrast to the dismal prognosis reported for AML patients harbouring abn(17p) undergoing conventional chemotherapy, allogeneic SCT provides responses in about 25% of those patients transplanted in CR1.

  4. In vivo cell kinetics of the bone marrow transplantation using dual colored transgenic rat system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kai, Kotaro; Teraoka, Satoshi; Adachi, Yasushi; Ikehara, Susumu; Murakami, Takashi; Kobayashi, Eiji

    2008-02-01

    Because bone marrow is an adequate site for bone marrow stem cells, intra-bone marrow - bone marrow transplantation (IBM-BMT) is an efficient strategy for bone marrow transplantation (BMT). However, the fate of the transplanted cells remains unclear. Herein, we established a dual-colored transgenic rat system utilizing green fluorescent protein (GFP) and a luciferase (luc) marker. We then utilized this system to investigate the in vivo kinetics of transplanted bone marrow cells (BMCs) after authentic intravenous (IV)-BMT or IBM-BMT. The in vivo fate of the transplanted cells was tracked using an in vivo luminescent imaging technique; alterations in peripheral blood chimerism were also followed using flow cytometry. IBM-BMT and IV-BMT were performed using syngeneic and allogeneic rat combinations. While no difference in the proliferation pattern was observed between the two treatment groups at 7 days after BMT, different distribution patterns were clearly observed during the early phase. In the IBM-BMT-treated rats, the transplanted BMCs were engrafted immediately at the site of the injected bone marrow and expanded more rapidly than in the IV-BMT-treated rats during this phase. Graft-versus-host disease was also visualized. Our bio-imaging system using dual-colored transgenic rats is a powerful tool for performing quantitative and morphological assessments in vivo.

  5. Impact of prior rituximab on outcomes of autologous stem-cell transplantation in patients with relapsed or refractory aggressive B-cell lymphoma: a multicentre retrospective Spanish group of lymphoma/autologous bone marrow transplant study.

    PubMed

    Redondo, Alba M; Pomares, Helena; Vidal, María J; Pascual, María J; Quereda, Belén; Sancho, Juan M; Polo, Marta; López, Javier; Conde, Eulogio; Jarque, Isidro; Alonso, Natalia; Ramírez, María J; Fernández, Pascual; Sayas, María J; Requena, María J; Salar, Antonio; González, José D; González-Barca, Eva; Arranz, Reyes; Caballero, Dolores; Martín, Alejandro

    2014-03-01

    The use of highly effective rituximab-containing therapy for treating diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) makes it more difficult to salvage relapsed or refractory patients. Autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) is the reference treatment for these patients, but the impact of previous exposure to rituximab on the subsequent results of ASCT remains unknown. We analysed 248 patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL or grade 3B follicular lymphoma pre-treated with rituximab as part of first-line therapy (R+ group) who received ASCT, in comparison with a control group of 127 patients without previous exposure to rituximab (R- group). The complete remission (CR) rates were similar in both groups. Multivariate analysis identified age-adjusted International Prognostic Index at diagnosis, extranodal involvement and disease status at transplant, and the number of previous chemotherapy lines as independent factors with a negative influence on CR rate. Compared with R- patients, those in the R+ group had a significantly better progression-free survival (63% vs. 48% at 5 years) and overall survival (72% vs. 61% at 5 years). This observation was independent of other prognostic factors that affected these outcomes. In conclusion, ASCT is no less effective in patients with relapsed or refractory aggressive B-cell lymphoma pre-treated with first-line rituximab-containing therapy than in rituximab-naive patients. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Autologous Transplantation of Bone Marrow Adult Stem Cells for the Treatment of Idiopathic Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    PubMed Central

    Westphal, Ricardo João; Bueno, Ronaldo Rocha Loures; Galvão, Paulo Bezerra de Araújo; Zanis Neto, José; Souza, Juliano Mendes; Guérios, Ênio Eduardo; Senegaglia, Alexandra Cristina; Brofman, Paulo Roberto; Pasquini, Ricardo; da Cunha, Claudio Leinig Pereira

    2014-01-01

    Background Morbimortality in patients with dilated idiopathic cardiomyopathy is high, even under optimal medical treatment. Autologous infusion of bone marrow adult stem cells has shown promising preliminary results in these patients. Objective Determine the effectiveness of autologous transplantation of bone marrow adult stem cells on systolic and diastolic left ventricular function, and on the degree of mitral regurgitation in patients with dilated idiopathic cardiomyopathy in functional classes NYHA II and III. Methods We administered 4,54 x 108 ± 0,89 x 108 bone marrow adult stem cells into the coronary arteries of 24 patients with dilated idiopathic cardiomyopathy in functional classes NYHA II and III. Changes in functional class, systolic and diastolic left ventricular function and degree of mitral regurgitation were assessed after 3 months, 6 months and 1 year. Results During follow-up, six patients (25%) improved functional class and eight (33.3%) kept stable. Left ventricular ejection fraction improved 8.9%, 9.7% e 13.6%, after 3, 6 and 12 months (p = 0.024; 0.017 and 0.018), respectively. There were no significant changes neither in diastolic left ventricular function nor in mitral regurgitation degree. A combined cardiac resynchronization and implantable cardioversion defibrillation was implanted in two patients (8.3%). Four patients (16.6%) had sudden death and four patients died due to terminal cardiac failure. Average survival of these eight patients was 2.6 years. Conclusion Intracoronary infusion of bone marrow adult stem cells was associated with an improvement or stabilization of functional class and an improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction, suggesting the efficacy of this intervention. There were no significant changes neither in left ventricular diastolic function nor in the degree of mitral regurgitation. PMID:25590932

  7. Measurement of serum C reactive protein concentration after bone marrow transplantation for leukaemia.

    PubMed Central

    Rowe, I F; Worsley, A M; Donnelly, P; Catovsky, D; Goldman, J M; Galton, D; Pepys, M B

    1984-01-01

    C reactive protein concentration was measured serially in 19 patients with leukaemia after bone marrow transplantation. Six episodes of graft versus host disease occurred in the presence of fever but with no evidence of infection, and these were associated with C reactive protein concentrations as high as 200 mg/l. C reactive protein values were also increased in 12 febrile episodes associated with infection, in seven of which graft versus host disease was also present. C reactive protein concentrations are of no value in differentiating infection from graft versus host disease, but in both cases they may be useful as an objective index of response to appropriate treatment. PMID:6365979

  8. [Erythrocyte substitution and isoagglutinin titer following ABO-incompatible bone marrow transplantation].

    PubMed

    Henneberg-Quester, K B; Luboldt, W; Schaefer, U W; Beelen, D W; Quabeck, K

    1990-01-01

    About 2 or 3 weeks after transplantation, even ABO-Incompatible bone marrow shows a successful graft. Haemopoiesis is not always free of problems. Suppression of erythropoiesis is caused by persistently incompatible agglutinins. Patient's well-being is limited by longer periods of low levels of haemoglobin concentration. Long-lasting need for transfusions is related to the well-known risk of infections. A procedure to eliminate the residual titers of alloantibodies should be discussed in time with the staff of the transfusion department.

  9. The fate of cells with chromosome aberrations after total-body irradiation and bone marrow transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    Carbonell, F.; Ganser, A.; Fliedner, T.M.; Arnold, R.; Kubanek, B.

    1983-03-01

    Cytogenetic studies were done on bone marrow cells and peripheral lymphocytes of four patients (three with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia, one with aplastic anemia) at various intervals up to 861 days after total-body X irradiation (TBI) at doses between 4.5 and 10 Gy (450-1000 rad) followed by syngeneic or allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Whereas no radiation-induced aberrations could be found in the bone marrow, apart from a transient finding in the patient with the lowest radiation dose, aberrant metaphases were seen in the peripheral lymphocytes of three patients in the range from 2.5 to 46% even at 861 days after the exposure. There were no demonstrable aberrations related to TBI in the only patient developing graft-versus-host disease. The dicentric yield as determined in the aberrant metaphases with 46 centromeres ranged between 3.4 +/- 1.3 and 4.9 +/- 0.4. In one patient it was demonstrated by BUdR-labeling that after 10 Gy (1000 rad) TBI the surviving and heavily damaged lymphocytes can go into cell cycle and reach at least the third mitosis. The percentage of aberrant cells diminished by about 25% at each mitotic division.

  10. Clinical and histological study of permanent alopecia after bone marrow transplantation*

    PubMed Central

    Basilio, Flávia Machado Alves; Brenner, Fabiane Mulinari; Werner, Betina; Rastelli, Graziela Junges Crescente

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND Permanent alopecia after bone marrow transplantation is rare, but more and more cases have been described, typically involving high doses of chemotherapeutic agents used in the conditioning regimen for the transplant. Busulfan, classically described in cases of irreversible alopecia, remains associated in recent cases. The pathogenesis involved in hair loss is not clear and there are few studies available. In addition to chemotherapeutic agents, another factor that has been implicated as a cause is chronic graft-versus-host disease. However, there are no histopathological criteria for defining this diagnosis yet. OBJECTIVE the study aims to evaluate clinical and histological aspects in cases of permanent alopecia after bone marrow transplantation, identifying features of permanent alopecia induced by myeloablative chemotherapy and alopecia as a manifestation of chronic graft-versus-host disease. METHODS data were collected from medical records of 7 patients, with description of the clinical features and review of slides and paraffin blocks of biopsies. RESULTS Two distinct histological patterns were found: one similar to androgenetic alopecia, non-scarring pattern, and other similar to lichen planopilaris, scarring alopecia. CONCLUSION The first pattern corroborates the literature cases of permanent alopecia induced by chemotherapeutic agents, and the second is compatible with manifestation of chronic graft-versus-host disease on scalp, that has never been described yet. The results contribute to the elucidation of the factors involved in these cases, including the development of therapeutic methods PMID:26734861

  11. Clinical and histological study of permanent alopecia after bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Basilio, Flávia Machado Alves; Brenner, Fabiane Mulinari; Werner, Betina; Rastelli, Graziela Junges Crescente

    2015-01-01

    Permanent alopecia after bone marrow transplantation is rare, but more and more cases have been described, typically involving high doses of chemotherapeutic agents used in the conditioning regimen for the transplant. Busulfan, classically described in cases of irreversible alopecia, remains associated in recent cases. The pathogenesis involved in hair loss is not clear and there are few studies available. In addition to chemotherapeutic agents, another factor that has been implicated as a cause is chronic graft-versus-host disease. However, there are no histopathological criteria for defining this diagnosis yet. the study aims to evaluate clinical and histological aspects in cases of permanent alopecia after bone marrow transplantation, identifying features of permanent alopecia induced by myeloablative chemotherapy and alopecia as a manifestation of chronic graft-versus-host disease. data were collected from medical records of 7 patients, with description of the clinical features and review of slides and paraffin blocks of biopsies. Two distinct histological patterns were found: one similar to androgenetic alopecia, non-scarring pattern, and other similar to lichen planopilaris, scarring alopecia. The first pattern corroborates the literature cases of permanent alopecia induced by chemotherapeutic agents, and the second is compatible with manifestation of chronic graft-versus-host disease on scalp, that has never been described yet. The results contribute to the elucidation of the factors involved in these cases, including the development of therapeutic methods.

  12. Bone marrow transplantation in hindlimb muscles of motoneuron degenerative mice reduces neuronal death and improves motor function.

    PubMed

    Pastor, Diego; Viso-León, Mari Carmen; Botella-López, Arancha; Jaramillo-Merchan, Jesus; Moraleda, Jose M; Jones, Jonathan; Martínez, Salvador

    2013-06-01

    Bone marrow has proved to be an adequate source of stem cells for the treatment of numerous disorders, including neurodegenerative diseases. Bone marrow can be easily and relatively painlessly extracted from a patient or allogenic donor and then transplanted into the degenerative area. Here, the grafted cells will activate a number of mechanisms in order to protect, repair, and/or regenerate the damaged tissue. These properties make the bone marrow a feasible source for cell therapy. In this work, we transplanted bone marrow cells into a mouse model of motoneuron degeneration, with the particularity of placing the cells in the hindlimb muscles rather than in the spinal cord where neuronal degeneration occurs. To this end, we analyze the possibility for the transplanted cells to increase the survival rate of the spinal cord motoneurons by axonal-guided retrograde neurotrophism. As a result, the mice significantly improved their motor functions. This coincided with an increased number of motoneurons innervating the treated muscle compared with the neurons innervating the non-treated contralateral symmetric muscle. In addition, we detected an increase in glial-derived neurotrophic factor in the spinal cord, a neurotrophic factor known to be involved in the rescue of degenerating motoneurons, exerting a neuroprotective effect. Thus, we have proved that bone marrow injected into the muscles is capable of rescuing these motoneurons from death, which may be a possible therapeutic approach for spinal cord motoneuron degenerative diseases, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

  13. Bone Marrow Transplantation in Hindlimb Muscles of Motoneuron Degenerative Mice Reduces Neuronal Death and Improves Motor Function

    PubMed Central

    Viso-León, Mari Carmen; Botella-López, Arancha; Jaramillo-Merchan, Jesus; Moraleda, Jose M.; Jones, Jonathan; Martínez, Salvador

    2013-01-01

    Bone marrow has proved to be an adequate source of stem cells for the treatment of numerous disorders, including neurodegenerative diseases. Bone marrow can be easily and relatively painlessly extracted from a patient or allogenic donor and then transplanted into the degenerative area. Here, the grafted cells will activate a number of mechanisms in order to protect, repair, and/or regenerate the damaged tissue. These properties make the bone marrow a feasible source for cell therapy. In this work, we transplanted bone marrow cells into a mouse model of motoneuron degeneration, with the particularity of placing the cells in the hindlimb muscles rather than in the spinal cord where neuronal degeneration occurs. To this end, we analyze the possibility for the transplanted cells to increase the survival rate of the spinal cord motoneurons by axonal-guided retrograde neurotrophism. As a result, the mice significantly improved their motor functions. This coincided with an increased number of motoneurons innervating the treated muscle compared with the neurons innervating the non-treated contralateral symmetric muscle. In addition, we detected an increase in glial-derived neurotrophic factor in the spinal cord, a neurotrophic factor known to be involved in the rescue of degenerating motoneurons, exerting a neuroprotective effect. Thus, we have proved that bone marrow injected into the muscles is capable of rescuing these motoneurons from death, which may be a possible therapeutic approach for spinal cord motoneuron degenerative diseases, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. PMID:23282201

  14. Plasma concentrations of 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide and phosphoramide mustard in patients repeatedly given high doses of cyclophosphamide in preparation for bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Sladek, N E; Doeden, D; Powers, J F; Krivit, W

    1984-10-01

    Plasma half-life and area under the curve (AUC) values for cyclophosphamide were determined in patients given this agent iv at doses of 50-60 mg/kg/infusion. Apparent plasma half-life and AUC values for the metabolites 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide and phosphoramide mustard were also determined in some of these patients. Disappearance from the plasma of the parent compound as well as that of the metabolites was approximately first-order. Plasma half-life values for cyclophosphamide ranged from 45 to 480 mins; AUC values ranged from 10 to 188 mM X min. As expected, AUC values for cyclophosphamide increased approximately linearly with an increase in its plasma half-life. Apparent plasma half-life values for 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide and phosphoramide mustard increased approximately linearly with an increase in plasma half-life values for cyclophosphamide; the slopes of these relationships were 1.35 and 1.97, respectively, but did not quite extrapolate to zero. AUC values for 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide and phosphoramide mustard remained approximately constant at about 5 and 15 mM X min, respectively, over the relatively wide range of plasma half-life and AUC values obtained for cyclophosphamide. On the basis of these observations we suggest that (a) changes in the rate of cyclophosphamide hydroxylation, effected by whatever means, will not alter the systemic therapeutic and toxic responses to a given dose of cyclophosphamide, given that the cytotoxic effects of this agent are directly proportional to AUC values of 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide and/or phosphoramide mustard, and (b) in most cases, 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide, and not phosphoramide mustard, is likely to be the circulating metabolite of therapeutic importance in humans since the AUC values for phosphoramide mustard exceeded those for 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide by only a factor of 3 and tumor and bone marrow cells proliferating in culture are generally substantially (8-25-fold) more sensitive to 4

  15. Bone marrow B cell precursor number after allogeneic stem cell transplantation and GVHD development.

    PubMed

    Fedoriw, Yuri; Samulski, T Danielle; Deal, Allison M; Dunphy, Cherie H; Sharf, Andrew; Shea, Thomas C; Serody, Jonathan S; Sarantopoulos, Stefanie

    2012-06-01

    Patients without chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) have robust B cell reconstitution and are able to maintain B cell homeostasis after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). To determine whether B lymphopoiesis differs before cGVHD develops, we examined bone marrow (BM) biopsies for terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) and PAX5 immunostaining early post-HSCT at day 30 when all patients have been shown to have high B cell activating factor (BAFF) levels. We found significantly greater numbers of BM B cell precursors in patients who did not develop cGVHD compared with those who developed cGVHD (median = 44 vs 2 cells/high powered field [hpf]; respectively; P < .001). Importantly, a significant increase in precursor B cells was maintained when patients receiving high-dose steroid therapy were excluded (median = 49 vs 20 cells/hpf; P = .017). Thus, we demonstrate the association of BM B cell production capacity in human GVHD development. Increased BM precursor B cell number may serve to predict good clinical outcome after HSCT. Copyright © 2012 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Minor histocompatibility antigens on transfused leukoreduced units of red blood cells induce bone marrow transplant rejection in a mouse model.

    PubMed

    Desmarets, Maxime; Cadwell, Chantel M; Peterson, Kenneth R; Neades, Renee; Zimring, James C

    2009-09-10

    When successful, human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched bone marrow transplantation with reduced-intensity conditioning is a cure for several nonmalignant hematologic disorders that require chronic transfusion, such as sickle cell disease and aplastic anemia. However, there are unusually high bone marrow transplant (BMT) rejection rates in these patients. Rejection correlates with the number of transfusions before bone marrow transplantation, and it has been hypothesized that preimmunization to antigens on transfused blood may prime BMT rejection. Using a novel mouse model of red blood cell (RBC) transfusion and major histocompatibility complex-matched bone marrow transplantation, we report that transfusion of RBC products induced BMT rejection across minor histocompatibility antigen (mHA) barriers. It has been proposed that contaminating leukocytes are responsible for transfusion-induced BMT rejection; however, filter leukoreduction did not prevent rejection in the current studies. Moreover, we generated a novel transgenic mouse with RBC-specific expression of a model mHA and demonstrated that transfusion of RBCs induced a CD8(+) T-cell response. Together, these data suggest that mHAs on RBCs themselves are capable of inducing BMT rejection. Cellular immunization to mHAs is neither monitored nor managed by current transfusion medicine practice; however, the current data suggest that mHAs on RBCs may represent an unappreciated and significant consequence of RBC transfusion.

  17. Kinetics of versican-expressing macrophages in bone marrow after cord blood stem cell transplantation for treatment of acute myelogenous leukaemia.

    PubMed

    Senda, Miho; Fukuyama, Ryuichi; Nagasaka, Tetsuro

    2016-10-01

    To determine versican-producing cells in normocellular bone marrow and to evaluate chronological alteration in the number of versican-producing macrophages in bone marrow of patients with acute myelogenous leukaemia (AML) after cord blood stem cell transplantation (CBSCT) to gain insight in the significance of versican in recovery of haematopoiesis. We enrolled seven age-matched unrelated patients with normocellular bone marrow for determining versican-producing cells in bone marrow, CBSCT-treated patients with AML, 18 with fine and other four with poor engraftment, for determining chronological alteration of versican-expressing and CD68-expressing cells in transplanted bone marrow in reference to the total cells. Clot samples of patients with AML were collected from the +16 to +55 day after transplantation and separated into four groups. We included an AML case whose specimen was obtained on the +9 day. Cells positive in immunohistochemistry using antibodies to versican and CD68 were counted to obtain the mean±SD in a unit area of the bone marrow, plotted chronologically and compared with the numbers from the age-matched normocellular group. We determined by a double immunohistochemistry that the versican-expressing cells in bone marrow are macrophages. The time-course curve demonstrated an inverse relationship between the versican-positive macrophages and the total cells in the transplanted bone marrow for over 55 days. In bone marrow of poor engraftment cases, versican-positive macrophages appeared to be decreased in comparison with age-matched and sampling day-matched patients. These results suggest that versican and/or versican-expressing macrophages positively contribute to bone marrow regeneration of patients with AML after CBSCT. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  18. Genetic Differences in Hemoglobin as Markers for Bone Marrow Transplantation in Mice

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1959-03-01

    derived. Thus, genetic differences in hemoglobin can be used as markers for bone marrow transplantation in irradiated mice. Hemoglobin typing may be particularly useful where the H-2 markers cannot be used.

  19. Comparative analysis of curative effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell and bone marrow mononuclear cell transplantation for spastic cerebral palsy.

    PubMed

    Liu, Xuebin; Fu, Xiaojun; Dai, Guanghui; Wang, Xiaodong; Zhang, Zan; Cheng, Hongbin; Zheng, Pei; An, Yihua

    2017-02-24

    Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) and bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNCs) are both used to treat spastic cerebral palsy. However, the differences in therapeutic effect remain unknown. A total of 105 patients with spastic cerebral palsy were enrolled and randomly assigned to three groups: the BMMSC group, the BMMNC group and the control group. Patients in both transplantation groups received four intrathecal cell injections. Patients in the control group received Bobath therapy. The gross motor function measure (GMFM) and the fine motor function measure (FMFM) were used to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy before transplantation and 3, 6, and 12 months after transplantation. Three months after cell transplantation, scores in the A dimension of GMFM and the A and C dimensions of FMFM scores in the BMMSC group are all higher than those of the BMMNC and the control groups (P < 0.05). Six months after cell transplantation, scores in the A, B dimensions of GMFM and the A, B, C, D, and E dimensions of FMFM scores in the BMMSC group are higher than those of the BMMNC and the control groups (P < 0.05). Twelve months after cell transplantation, scores in the A, B, and C dimensions of GMFM and the A, B, C, D, and E dimensions of FMFM scores in the BMMSC group are all higher than those of the BMMNC and the control groups (P < 0.05). No obvious adverse effects were investigated during follow-up. BMMSC transplantation for the treatment of cerebral palsy is safe and feasible, and can improve gross motor and fine motor function significantly. In addition, compared with BMMNC, the motor function of children improved significantly in terms of gross motor and fine motor functions.

  20. Comparison of Blood Transfusion Plus Chelation Therapy and Bone Marrow Transplantation in Patients with β-Thalassemia: Application of SF-36, EQ-5D, and Visual Analogue Scale Measures.

    PubMed

    Javanbakht, Mehdi; Keshtkaran, Ali; Shabaninejad, Hossien; Karami, Hassan; Zakerinia, Maryam; Delavari, Sajad

    2015-06-13

    β-Thalassemia is a prevalent genetic disease in Mediterranean countries. The most common treatments for this disease are blood transfusion plus iron chelation (BTIC) therapy and bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Patients using these procedures experience different health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The purpose of the present study was to measure HRQoL in these patients using 2 different multiattribute quality of life (QoL) scales. In this cross-sectional study, data were gathered using 3 instruments: a socio-demographic questionnaire, EQ-5D, and SF-36. A total of 196 patients with β-thalassemia were randomly selected from 2 hospitals in Shiraz (Southern Iran). Data were analyzed using logistic regression and multiple regression models to identify factors that affect the patients' HRQoL. The average EQ-5D index and EQ visual analog scale (VAS) scores were 0.86 (95% CI: 0.83-0.89) and 71.85 (95% CI: 69.13-74.58), respectively. Patients with BMT reported significantly higher EQ VAS scores (83.27 vs 68.55, respectively). The results showed that patients who lived in rural area and patients with BMT reported higher EQ VAS scores (rural; β= 10.25, P = .006 and BMT; β= 11.88, P = .000). As well, SF-36 between 2 groups of patients were statistically significant in physical component scale (PCS). Patients in the BMT group experienced higher HRQoL in both physical and mental aspects compared to those in the BTIC group. More studies are needed to assess the relative cost-effectiveness of these methods in developing countries. © 2015 by Kerman University of Medical Sciences.

  1. Bone marrow versus peripheral blood allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation for haematological malignancies in adults.

    PubMed

    Holtick, Udo; Albrecht, Melanie; Chemnitz, Jens M; Theurich, Sebastian; Skoetz, Nicole; Scheid, Christof; von Bergwelt-Baildon, Michael

    2014-04-20

    Allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is an established treatment option for many malignant and non-malignant disorders. In the past two decades, peripheral blood stem cells replaced bone marrow as stem cell source due to faster engraftment and practicability. Previous meta-analyses analysed patients treated from 1990 to 2002 and demonstrated no impact of the stem cell source on overall survival, but a greater risk for graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) in peripheral blood transplants. As transplant indications and conditioning regimens continue to change, whether the choice of the stem cell source has an impact on transplant outcomes remains to be determined. To assess the effect of bone marrow versus peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in adult patients with haematological malignancies with regard to overall survival, incidence of relapse and non-relapse mortality, disease-free survival, transplant-related mortality, incidence of GvHD and time to engraftment. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library 2014, Issue 1), MEDLINE (from 1948 to February 2014), trial registries and conference proceedings. The search was conducted in October 2011 and was last updated in February 2014. We did not apply any language restrictions. We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing bone marrow and peripheral blood allogeneic stem cell transplantation in adults with haematological malignancies. Two review authors screened abstracts and extracted and analysed data independently. We contacted study authors for additional information. We used the standard methodological procedures expected by The Cochrane Collaboration. We included nine RCTs that met the pre-defined selection criteria, involving a total of 1521 participants. Quality of data reporting was heterogeneous among the studies. Overall, the risk of bias in the included studies was low.For the primary outcome overall survival, our

  2. Cytomegalovirus pneumonia in transplant patients: CT findings

    SciTech Connect

    Eun-Young Kang; Patz, E.F. Jr.; Mueller, N.L.

    1996-03-01

    Our goal was to assess the CT findings of cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonia in transplant patients. The study included 10 transplant patients who had chest CT scan and pathologically proven isolated pulmonary CMV infection. Five patients had bone marrow transplant and five had solid organ transplant. The CT scans were retrospectively reviewed for pattern and distribution of disease and the CT findings compared with the findings on open lung biopsy (n = 9) and autopsy (n = 1). Nine of 10 patients had parenchymal abnormalities apparent at CT and I had normal CT scans. The findings in the nine patients included small nodules (n = 6), consolidation (n = 4), ground-glass attenuation (n = 4), and irregular lines (n = 1). The nodules had a bilateral and symmetric distribution and involved all lung zones. The consolidation was most marked in the lower lung zones. The CT findings of CMV pneumonia in transplant patients are heterogeneous. The most common patterns include small nodules and areas of consolidation. 13 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  3. Use of spleen organ cultures to monitor hemopoietic progenitor cell regeneration following irradiation and marrow transplantation

    SciTech Connect

    von Melchner, H.; Metcalf, D.; Mandel, T.E.

    1980-11-01

    After lethal irradiation of C57BL mice followed by the injection of 10/sup 7/ marrow cells, total cellularity and progenitor cell levels exceeded pretreatment levels within 12 days in the spleen, but regeneration remained incomplete in the marrow. The exceptional regenerative capacity of progenitor populations in the spleen was observed in organ cultures of spleen slices prepared 24 h after irradiation and transplantation, excluding continuous repopulation from the marrow as a significant factor in splenic regeneration.

  4. Bridging defects in chronic spinal cord injury using peripheral nerve grafts combined with a chitosan-laminin scaffold and enhancing regeneration through them by co-transplantation with bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells: Case series of 14 patients

    PubMed Central

    Amr, Sherif M.; Gouda, Ashraf; Koptan, Wael T.; Galal, Ahmad A.; Abdel-Fattah, Dina Sabry; Rashed, Laila A.; Atta, Hazem M.; Abdel-Aziz, Mohammad T.

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of bridging defects in chronic spinal cord injury using peripheral nerve grafts combined with a chitosan-laminin scaffold and enhancing regeneration through them by co-transplantation with bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Methods In 14 patients with chronic paraplegia caused by spinal cord injury, cord defects were grafted and stem cells injected into the whole construct and contained using a chitosan-laminin paste. Patients were evaluated using the International Standards for Classification of Spinal Cord Injuries. Results Chitosan disintegration leading to post-operative seroma formation was a complication. Motor level improved four levels in 2 cases and two levels in 12 cases. Sensory-level improved six levels in two cases, five levels in five cases, four levels in three cases, and three levels in four cases. A four-level neurological improvement was recorded in 2 cases and a two-level neurological improvement occurred in 12 cases. The American Spinal Impairment Association (ASIA) impairment scale improved from A to C in 12 cases and from A to B in 2 cases. Although motor power improvement was recorded in the abdominal muscles (2 grades), hip flexors (3 grades), hip adductors (3 grades), knee extensors (2–3 grades), ankle dorsiflexors (1–2 grades), long toe extensors (1–2 grades), and plantar flexors (0–2 grades), this improvement was too low to enable them to stand erect and hold their knees extended while walking unaided. Conclusion Mesenchymal stem cell-derived neural stem cell-like cell transplantation enhances recovery in chronic spinal cord injuries with defects bridged by sural nerve grafts combined with a chitosan-laminin scaffold. PMID:24090088

  5. Syngeneic transplantation in aplastic anemia: pre-transplant conditioning and peripheral blood are associated with improved engraftment: an observational study on behalf of the Severe Aplastic Anemia and Pediatric Diseases Working Parties of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Gerull, Sabine; Stern, Martin; Apperley, Jane; Beelen, Dietrich; Brinch, Lorentz; Bunjes, Donald; Butler, Andrew; Ganser, Arnold; Ghavamzadeh, Ardeshir; Koh, Mickey B; Komarnicki, Mieczyslaw; Kröger, Nicolaus; Maertens, Johan; Maschan, Alexei; Peters, Christina; Rovira, Montserrat; Sengeløv, Henrik; Socié, Gerard; Tischer, Johanna; Oneto, Rosi; Passweg, Jakob; Marsh, Judith

    2013-11-01

    Aplastic anemia is usually treated with immunosuppression or allogeneic transplant, depending on patient and disease characteristics. Syngeneic transplant offers a rare treatment opportunity with minimal transplant-related mortality, and offers an insight into disease mechanisms. We present here a retrospective analysis of all syngeneic transplants for aplastic anemia reported to the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Between 1976 and 2009, 88 patients received 113 transplants. Most transplants (n=85) were preceded by a conditioning regimen, 22 of these including anti-thymocyte globulin. About half of transplants with data available (39 of 86) were followed by posttransplant immunosuppression. Graft source was bone marrow in the majority of cases (n=77). Transplant practice changed over time with more transplants with conditioning and anti-thymocyte globulin as well as peripheral blood stem cells performed in later years. Ten year overall survival was 93% with 5 transplant-related deaths. Graft failure occurred in 32% of transplants. Risk of graft failure was significantly increased in transplants without conditioning, and with bone marrow as graft source. Lack of posttransplant immunosuppression also showed a trend towards increased risk of graft failure, while anti-thymocyte globulin did not have an influence. In summary, syngeneic transplant is associated with a significant risk of graft failure when no conditioning is given, but has an excellent long-term outcome. Furthermore, our comparatively large series enables us to recommend the use of pre-transplant conditioning rather than not and possibly to prefer peripheral blood as a stem cell source.

  6. Outcomes after related and unrelated umbilical cord blood transplantation for hereditary bone marrow failure syndromes other than Fanconi anemia

    PubMed Central

    Bizzetto, Renata; Bonfim, Carmen; Rocha, Vanderson; Socié, Gérard; Locatelli, Franco; Chan, KaWah; Ramirez, Oscar; Stein, Joel; Nabhan, Samir; Miranda, Eliana; Passweg, Jakob; de Souza, Carmino Antonio; Gluckman, Eliane

    2011-01-01

    Background Allogeneic stem cell transplantation is the only curative option for patients with hereditary bone marrow failure syndromes. Umbilical cord blood is an alternative source of stem cells for allogeneic transplantation. Design and Methods This multicenter, retrospective study is based on data reported to the Eurocord Registry about patients with hereditary bone marrow failure syndrome who underwent umbilical cord blood transplantation. Results Sixty-four patients with hereditary bone marrow failure syndromes were transplanted from related (n=20) or unrelated donors (n=44). Diagnoses were Diamond-Blackfan anemia (21 patients), congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia (16 patients), dyskeratosis congenita (8 patients), Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (2 patients), severe congenital neutropenia (16 patients) and unclassified (1 patient). In the group of patients who received grafts from related donors, all patients but one received an HLA-matched sibling transplant. The median number of total nucleated cells infused was 5×107/kg. The cumulative incidence of neutrophil recovery at 60 days was 95%. Two patients had grade II–IV acute graft-versus-host disease, while the 2-year cumulative incidence of chronic graft-versus-host disease was 11%. The 3-year overall survival rate was 95%. In the group of patients who received grafts from unrelated donors, 86% had HLA-mismatched grafts and three received two umbilical cord blood units. The median number of total nucleated cells infused was 6.1×107/kg. The cumulative incidence of neutrophil recovery at day 60 in this group was 55%. The 100-day cumulative incidence of grade II–IV acute graft-versus-host disease was 24%, while the 2-year cumulative incidence of chronic graft-versus-host disease was 53%. The 3-year overall survival rate was 61%; better overall survival was associated with age less than 5 years (P=0.01) and 6.1×107/kg or more total nucleated cells infused (P=0.05). Conclusions In patients with

  7. Chronic myeloid leukemia relapsing ten years after allogenic bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Hino, Yutaro; Doki, Noriko; Yamamoto, Keita; Senoo, Yasushi; Sasajima, Satoshi; Sakaguchi, Masahiro; Hattori, Keiichiro; Kaito, Satoshi; Kurosawa, Shuhei; Harada, Kaito; Ikegawa, Shuntaro; Watanabe, Daisuke; Hagino, Takeshi; Yoshioka, Kosuke; Watakabe, Kyoko; Igarashi, Aiko; Najima, Yuho; Kobayashi, Takeshi; Kakihana, Kazuhiko; Sakamaki, Hisashi; Ohashi, Kazuteru

    2016-05-01

    A 58-year-old female was diagnosed with Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in blast crisis (BC) in 2004. The patient received imatinib, which quickly induced molecular remission, and subsequently underwent bone marrow transplantation (BMT) from an unrelated human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical donor. The post-transplant clinical course was essentially uneventful. In 2014, ten years after the BMT, the patient was admitted to our hospital complaining of lymphadenopathy, and blasts were observed in peripheral blood. The patient was diagnosed as having a CML relapse in myeloid BC, with leukemic infiltration in lymph nodes, and was treated with dasatinib. Subsequently, pleural effusion developed and nilotinib was administered, which induced normal blood counts without blasts and partial cytogenetic remission, one month after administration. Six months after the relapse, this patient underwent a second BMT from an HLA-matched unrelated donor. Recent studies have demonstrated the cumulative incidence of CML relapse more than five years after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) to be higher than in acute myeloid leukemia. Although rare, the possibility of late relapse should be considered in patients diagnosed with CML after allo-HSCT.

  8. HLA-matched sibling bone marrow transplantation for β-thalassemia major

    PubMed Central

    Sabloff, Mitchell; Chandy, Mammen; Wang, Zhiwei; Logan, Brent R.; Ghavamzadeh, Ardeshir; Li, Chi-Kong; Irfan, Syed Mohammad; Bredeson, Christopher N.; Cowan, Morton J.; Gale, Robert Peter; Hale, Gregory A.; Horan, John; Hongeng, Suradej; Eapen, Mary

    2011-01-01

    We describe outcomes after human leukocyte antigen-matched sibling bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for 179 patients with β-thalassemia major. The median age at transplantation was 7 years and the median follow-up was 6 years. The distribution of Pesaro risk class I, II, and III categories was 2%, 42%, and 36%, respectively. The day 30 cumulative incidence of neutrophil recovery and day 100 platelet recovery were 90% and 86%, respectively. Seventeen patients had graft failure, which was fatal in 11. Six of 9 patients with graft failure are alive after a second transplantation. The day 100 probability of acute graft-versus-host disease and 5-year probability of chronic graft-versus-host disease was 38% and 13%, respectively. The 5-year probabilities of overall- and disease-free survival were 91% and 88%, respectively, for patients with Pesaro risk class II, and 64% and 62%, respectively, for Pesaro risk class III. In multivariate analysis, mortality risks were higher in patients 7 years of age and older and those with hepatomegaly before BMT. The leading causes of death were interstitial pneumonitis (n = 7), hemorrhage (n = 8), and veno-occlusive disease (n = 6). Proceeding to BMT in children younger than 7 years before development of end-organ damage, particularly in the liver, should improve results after BMT for β-thalassemia major. PMID:21119108

  9. Pulmonary, gonadal, and central nervous system status after bone marrow transplantation for sickle cell disease.

    PubMed

    Walters, Mark C; Hardy, Karen; Edwards, Sandie; Adamkiewicz, Thomas; Barkovich, James; Bernaudin, Francoise; Buchanan, George R; Bunin, Nancy; Dickerhoff, Roswitha; Giller, Roger; Haut, Paul R; Horan, John; Hsu, Lewis L; Kamani, Naynesh; Levine, John E; Margolis, David; Ohene-Frempong, Kwaku; Patience, Melinda; Redding-Lallinger, Rupa; Roberts, Irene A G; Rogers, Zora R; Sanders, Jean E; Scott, J Paul; Sullivan, Keith M

    2010-02-01

    We conducted a prospective, multicenter investigation of human-leukocyte antigen (HLA) identical sibling bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in children with severe sickle cell disease (SCD) between 1991 and 2000. To determine if children were protected from complications of SCD after successful BMT, we extended our initial study of BMT for SCD to conduct assessments of the central nervous system (CNS) and of pulmonary function 2 or more years after transplantation. In addition, the impact on gonadal function was studied. After BMT, patients with stroke who had stable engraftment of donor cells experienced no subsequent stroke events after BMT, and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) exams demonstrated stable or improved appearance. However, 2 patients with graft rejection had a second stroke after BMT. After transplantation, most patients also had unchanged or improved pulmonary function. Among the 11 patients who had restrictive lung changes at baseline, 5 were improved and 6 had persistent restrictive disease after BMT. Of the 2 patients who had obstructive changes at baseline, 1 improved and 1 had worsened obstructive disease after BMT. There was, however, significant gonadal toxicity after BMT, particularly among female recipients. In summary, individuals who had stable donor engraftment did not experience sickle-related complications after BMT, and were protected from progressive CNS and pulmonary disease.

  10. Immunophenotypic and ultrastructural study in peripheral blood neutrophil granulocytes following bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Masat, T; Feliu, E; Villamor, N; Castellsagué, J; Ordi, J; Fabregues, M; Rozman, C

    1997-08-01

    Neutrophil studies after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) describe chemotactic and phagocytotic alterations and dyshaemopoiesis. Neutrophil granulocytes (NG) in peripheral blood after BMT were analysed in 28 patients. 14 patients (six receiving GM-CSF) underwent autologous BMT and 14 underwent allogeneic BMT. Immunophenotypic and electron microscopic studies were performed during post-BMT granulopoietic regeneration. Results were compared with NG from 15 healthy bone marrow donors (control group A) and from six patients receiving intensive chemotherapy before autologous BMT (control group B). A significant increase in CD15 and a decrease in 8C7 antigen expression was observed in peripheral blood NG from BMT patients compared with controls A. MPO-7 in NG after BMT did not differ from control group A. Autologous BMT patients showed a lower percentage of NG expressing 13F6, 31D8 and CD16 (Leu 11a) than allogeneic BMT patients, and a significant decrease in 8C7 antigen expression compared with patients receiving intensive chemotherapy. Ultrastructurally, a marked decrease of azurophilic granules was observed in NG from BMT patients compared with control groups A and B. These data indicate that repopulation after BMT was made by phenotypically less mature NG with dysgranulopoietic features. Differences between autologous and allogeneic BMT patients may be partly related to GM-CSF usage. In conclusion, NG present immunophenotypic and ultrastructural changes after BMT which may be involved in abnormal NG response against bacterial infections, although further investigation is needed.

  11. Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for severe aplastic anemia: the Vancouver experience.

    PubMed

    Cuthbert, R J; Shepherd, J D; Nantel, S H; Barnett, M J; Reece, D E; Klingemann, H G; Chan, K W; Spinelli, J J; Sutherland, H J; Phillips, G L

    1995-04-01

    We report a retrospective analysis of the experience of a single centre in treating severe aplastic anemia (SAA) with allogeneic bone marrow transplant (BMT). Between 1982 and 1992, we transplanted 21 patients with SAA (14 males, 7 females); median age at BMT was 15 y (range 2-40 y); median time from diagnosis of SAA to BMT was 29 d (range 6 d-5.5 y). Thirteen patients had received multiple transfusions before BMT. Patients were conditioned with cyclophosphamide 50 mg/kg for 4 d, +/- total body irradiation 300-500 cGy as a single fraction; 1 patient received total nodal irradiation (750 cGy) plus antithymocyte globulin. Sixteen patients received bone marrow from human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-identical siblings, 3 from haplo-identical parents, and 2 from unrelated volunteer donors; graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis was variable. Three patients failed to fully engraft following BMT; 2 achieved successful engraftment following a second BMT. Six of 20 evaluable patients (30%) developed grade II-IV acute GVHD, of whom 3 died; 3 patients developed limited and 5 patients (31%) developed extensive chronic GVHD, of whom 1 died. Fourteen patients (67%) are alive and well following BMT with a median follow-up of 6 y (range 2.1-11 y). Survival was superior in patients receiving sibling-donor BMT (75%) compared with those receiving parent- or unrelated-donor BMT (40%). We conclude that allogeneic BMT remains an important mode of treatment for SAA, but long-term survival remains limited by graft failure and GVHD.

  12. Detection of the influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus carrying the K-15E, P83S and Q293H mutations in patients who have undergone bone marrow transplant.

    PubMed

    Mesquita, Milene; Resende, Paola; Marttorelli, Andressa; Machado, Viviane; Sacramento, Carolina Q; Fintelman-Rodrigues, Natalia; Abrantes, Juliana L; Tavares, Rita; Schirmer, Marcelo; Siqueira, Marilda M; Souza, Thiago Moreno L

    2014-01-01

    The 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus emerged and caused considerable morbidity and mortality in the third world, especially in Brazil. Although circulating strains of A(H1N1)pdm09 are A/California/04/2009-like (CA-04-like) viruses, various studies have suggested that some mutations in the viral hemagglutinin (HA) may be associated with enhanced severity and fatality. This phenomenon is particularly challenging for immunocompromised individuals, such as those who have undergone bone marrow transplant (BMT), because they are more likely to display worse clinical outcomes to influenza infection than non-immunocompromised individuals. We studied the clinical and viral aspects of post-BMT patients with confirmed A(H1N1)pdm09 diagnosis in the largest cancer hospital in Brazil. We found a viral strain with K-15E, P83S and Q293H polymorphisms in the HA, which is presumably more virulent, in these individuals. Despite that, these patients showed only mild symptoms of infection. Our findings complement the discovery of mild cases of infection with the A(H1N1)pdm09 virus with the K-15E, P83S and Q293H mutations in Brazil and oppose other studies that have linked these changes with increased disease severity. These results could be important for a better comprehension of the impact of the pandemic influenza in the context of BMT.

  13. Autologous bone marrow transplantation in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).

    PubMed

    Mangoni, L; Rizzoli, V

    1996-01-01

    Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is an indolent disease characterized by an abnormal proliferation of monoclonal lymphocytes in the bone marrow and lymphoid tissues. Most of the cases (> 90%) belong to the B-lymphocyte lineage and the course of the disease is variable depending on the presence of poor prognostic factors at diagnosis. Therefore optimal treatment is still questioned; presently there are no proven cures for CLL, but the natural history of the disease and the advanced age of the majority of patients makes prolongation of survival a reasonable therapeutic goal in most cases. The traditional therapeutic approach has been based on the activity of alkylating agents and corticosteroid, while patients resistant have been treated with nucleoside analogs. However, patients ultimately relapse and the choice of salvage therapy by conventional methods does not offer many chances. Particularly in younger patients, with poor prognostic factors, the therapeutic options may substantially change in the near future, based on alternative and innovative approaches aimed at achieving cure or long disease-free-survival. The results of high-dose therapy followed by reinfusion of hematopoietic stem cells, either from bone marrow or peripheral blood, will be presented and discussed.

  14. Infections after Transplantation of Bone Marrow or Peripheral Blood Stem Cells from Unrelated Donors.

    PubMed

    Young, Jo-Anne H; Logan, Brent R; Wu, Juan; Wingard, John R; Weisdorf, Daniel J; Mudrick, Cathryn; Knust, Kristin; Horowitz, Mary M; Confer, Dennis L; Dubberke, Erik R; Pergam, Steven A; Marty, Francisco M; Strasfeld, Lynne M; Brown, Janice Wes M; Langston, Amelia A; Schuster, Mindy G; Kaul, Daniel R; Martin, Stanley I; Anasetti, Claudio

    2016-02-01

    Infection is a major complication of hematopoietic cell transplantation. Prolonged neutropenia and graft-versus-host disease are the 2 major complications with an associated risk for infection, and these complications differ according to the graft source. A phase 3, multicenter, randomized trial (Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network [BMT CTN] 0201) of transplantation of bone marrow (BM) versus peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) from unrelated donors showed no significant differences in 2-year survival between these graft sources. In an effort to provide data regarding whether BM or PBSC could be used as a preferential graft source for transplantation, we report a detailed analysis of the infectious complications for 2 years after transplantation from the BMT CTN 0201 trial. A total of 499 patients in this study had full audits of infection data. A total of 1347 infection episodes of moderate or greater severity were documented in 384 (77%) patients; 201 of 249 (81%) of the evaluable patients had received a BM graft and 183 of 250 (73%) had received a PBSC graft. Of 1347 infection episodes, 373 were severe and 123 were life-threatening and/or fatal; 710 (53%) of these episodes occurred on the BM arm and 637 (47%) on the PBSC arm, resulting in a 2-year cumulative incidence 84.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 79.6 to 89.8) for BM versus 79.7% (95% CI, 73.9 to 85.5) for PBSC, P = .013. The majority of these episodes, 810 (60%), were due to bacteria, with a 2-year cumulative incidence of 72.1% and 62.9% in BM versus PBSC recipients, respectively (P = .003). The cumulative incidence of bloodstream bacterial infections during the first 100 days was 44.8% (95% CI, 38.5 to 51.1) for BM versus 35.0% (95% CI, 28.9 to 41.1) for PBSC (P = .027). The total infection density (number of infection events/100 patient days at risk) was .67 for BM and .60 for PBSC. The overall infection density for bacterial infections was .4 in both arms; for viral infections

  15. Prevention of transmission of hepatitis C virus in bone marrow transplantation by treating the donor with alpha-interferon.

    PubMed

    Vance, E A; Soiffer, R J; McDonald, G B; Myerson, D; Fingeroth, J; Ritz, J

    1996-11-15

    Transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the setting of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation can occur through an infected marrow donor. Prevention of transmission may reduce the risks of peritransplant complications. We describe a 43-year-old patient with chronic myelogenous leukemia whose HLA-identical donor was found to be HCV antibody positive and HCV RNA positive by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The patient was HCV antibody negative and HCV RNA negative by PCR of the serum. For 6 months before bone marrow transplantation, the donor was treated with alpha-interferon at a standard dose. After 3 months, HCV RNA was no longer detectable by PCR. Interferon was discontinued 1 week before harvest. Bone marrow cellularity was normal. Engraftment was prompt. The recipient's serum remained negative for HCV RNA at 1, 3, 5, and 10 months after transplantation. Hepatitis C transmission from a viremic donor to an HCV-seronegative recipient may be preventable by treating the donor with alpha-interferon.

  16. Current Knowledge and Priorities for Future Research in Late Effects after Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HCT) for Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Patients: A Consensus Statement from the Second Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Consortium International Conference on Late Effects after Pediatric HCT.

    PubMed

    Heimall, Jennifer; Puck, Jennifer; Buckley, Rebecca; Fleisher, Thomas A; Gennery, Andrew R; Neven, Benedicte; Slatter, Mary; Haddad, Elie; Notarangelo, Luigi D; Baker, K Scott; Dietz, Andrew C; Duncan, Christine; Pulsipher, Michael A; Cowan, Mort J

    2017-03-01

    Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is 1 of the most common indications for pediatric hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in patients with primary immunodeficiency. Historically, SCID was diagnosed in infants who presented with opportunistic infections within the first year of life. With newborn screening (NBS) for SCID in most of the United States, the majority of infants with SCID are now diagnosed and treated in the first 3.5 months of life; however, in the rest of the world, the lack of NBS means that most infants with SCID still present with infections. The average survival for SCID patients who have undergone transplantation currently is >70% at 3 years after transplantation, although this can vary significantly based on multiple factors, including age and infection status at the time of transplantation, type of donor source utilized, manipulation of graft before transplantation, graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis, type of conditioning (if any) utilized, and underlying genotype of SCID. In at least 1 study of SCID patients who received no conditioning, long-term survival was 77% at 8.7 years (range out to 26 years) after transplantation. Although a majority of patients with SCID will engraft T cells without any conditioning therapy, depending on genotype, donor source, HLA match, and presence of circulating maternal cells, a sizable percentage of these will fail to achieve full immune reconstitution. Without conditioning, T cell reconstitution typically occurs, although not always fully, whereas B cell engraftment does not, leaving some molecular types of SCID patients with intrinsically defective B cells, in most cases, dependent on regular infusions of immunoglobulin. Because of this, many centers have used conditioning with alkylating agents including busulfan or melphalan known to open marrow niches in attempts to achieve B cell reconstitution. Thus, it is imperative that we understand the potential late effects of these agents in this patient

  17. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in childhood: report from the bone marrow transplantation group of the Associazione Italiana Ematologia Oncologia Pediatrica (AIEOP).

    PubMed

    Pession, A; Rondelli, R; Paolucci, P; Pastore, G; Dini, G; Bonetti, F; Madon, E; Mandelli, F; Zanesco, L; Uderzo, C; Prete, A; Rabusin, M; Ugazio, A; Di Bartolomeo, P; Favre, C; Bojd-Faulkner, L; Poggi, V; Luksch, R; Donfrancesco, A; Argiolu, F; La Nasa, G; Amici, A; Locatelli, F

    2000-06-01

    Transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells from different sources is being increasingly used to treat a variety of diseases in children. Transplant procedures and indications have changed considerably during recent years. Monitoring of information about these changes is useful for interpretation of nationwide collected data. Since 1985, Centers belonging to the AIEOP (Associazione Italiana Ematologia Oncologia Pediatrica), performing hematopoietic stem cell transplants (HSCT) in children, and members of the AIEOP-Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT) Group annually report data on their transplant activity to the AIEOP-BMT Registry employing specially prepared patient-oriented forms. From January 1985 to December 1998, a total of 2,474 bone marrow (BM), peripheral blood (PB) or umbilical cord blood (CB) transplants were reported: 1,296 (52%) were allogeneic (Allo) and 1,178 (48%) autologous (Auto) transplants. These transplants were performed in 19 Italian Centers on 2,249 patients aged less than 17 years. Among Allo-transplants, 1,198 (92%) were performed using BM progenitor cells, whereas 49 (4%) CB, 42 (3%) were PB, 4 BM plus PB, and 3 BM plus CB allografts; they were performed using HLA-identical sibling donors in 867 cases (67%) and alternative donors (i.e. partially-matched relatives or unrelated donors) in the remaining 429 (33%) cases. Allogeneic transplants were performed on 786 (67%) patients with malignancy and on 395 (33%) patients with non-malignant disorders. In the last 6 years, the number of Allo-transplants per year exceeded that of Auto-transplants. Of the Auto-transplants, 775 (66%) were performed using BM, and 403 (34%) using PB alone or combined with BM hematopoietic stem cells. Indications for Auto-BMT were myelo-lymphoproliferative disorders in 524 (49%) cases, solid tumor in 533 (50%) cases and non-malignant disease in 11 (1%) cases. In the last 5 years, the use of PB for autografts has increased from 7% to 70%. These data reflect the development and

  18. Myelodysplastic syndrome after autologous bone marrow transplantation: an additional late complication of curative cancer therapy.

    PubMed

    Miller, J S; Arthur, D C; Litz, C E; Neglia, J P; Miller, W J; Weisdorf, D J

    1994-06-15

    Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a complication of conventional antineoplastic therapy but has rarely been reported after autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT). We reviewed records of 206 patients who underwent ABMT for lymphoma at the University of Minnesota (Minneapolis, MN) between 1974 and 1993. Of 206 patients who underwent ABMT for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) or Hodgkin's disease (HD), 9 patients developed an MDS or secondary acute leukemia between 5 and 60 months (median 34 months) post-BMT. Two patients had relapsed after transplant and received additional therapy before the diagnosis of MDS. They were censored from the statistical analysis, resulting in a cumulative incidence of 14.5% +/- 11.6% (95% confidence interval) at 5 years. Three patients (15.2% +/- 18.0%) had HD, and four (14.0% +/- 14.7%) had NHL. In vitro BM purging had no affect on the incidence of MDS, although patients receiving peripheral blood stem cells had a projected MDS incidence of 31% +/- 33% versus 10.5% +/- 12% if BM cells were used (p = .0035). The patients had received a median of 14 cycles (range, 6 to 40) of chemotherapy before autologous transplantation; Five of nine patients received radiation therapy before BMT conditioning, and all patients received radiation before the diagnosis of MDS. No BM cytogenetic abnormalities were evident pretransplant in three of three patients studied, and all nine had normal pretransplant BM morphology. All patients had morphologic BM findings typical of MDS, and six of six studied had clonal cytogenetic abnormalities. At the diagnosis of MDS, all nine patients were without clinical, radiographic, or autopsy evidence of recurrent lymphoma; Three of the nine patients have died from complications of cytopenias at 23, 36, and 45 months after transplant (3 to 10 months after the diagnosis of MDS), whereas 6 survive 8 to 63 months after transplantation (1 to 34 months post-MDS). These data emphasize the cumulative leukemogenic potential of

  19. LRBA is Essential for Allogeneic Responses in Bone Marrow Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Park, Mi Young; Sudan, Raki; Srivastava, Neetu; Neelam, Sudha; Youngs, Christie; Wang, Jia-Wang; Engelman, Robert W.; Kerr, William G.

    2016-01-01

    The PH-BEACH-WD40 (PBW) protein family members play a role in coordinating receptor signaling and intracellular vesicle trafficking. LPS-Responsive-Beige-like Anchor (LRBA) is a PBW protein whose immune function remains elusive. Here we show that LRBA-null mice are viable, but exhibit compromised rejection of allogeneic, xenogeneic and missing self bone-marrow grafts. Further, we demonstrate that LRBA-null Natural Killer (NK) cells exhibit impaired signaling by the key NK activating receptors, NKp46 and NKG2D. However, induction of IFN-γ by cytokines remains intact, indicating LRBA selectively facilitates signals by receptors for ligands expressed on the surface of NK targets. Surprisingly, LRBA limits immunoregulatory cell numbers in tissues where GvHD is primed or initiated, and consistent with this LRBA-null mice also demonstrate resistance to lethal GvHD. These findings demonstrate that LRBA is redundant for host longevity while being essential for both host and donor-mediated immune responses and thus represents a unique and novel molecular target in transplant immunology. PMID:27824136

  20. Abdominal complications in pediatric bone marrow transplant recipients.

    PubMed

    Day, D L; Carpenter, B L

    1993-09-01

    Abdominal problems and catastrophes often complicate the clinical course after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in children. These complications can be grouped into categories of infection, chemotherapy and radiation toxicity, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), recurrent or de novo malignancy, and miscellaneous complications and can involve the hepatobiliary system, pancreas, spleen, gastrointestinal tract, and urinary tract. Infection is common after BMT: the causative organism depends on the changing immunologic state of the recipient and even on environmental factors such as recent construction, humidity, and antibiotic use. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy can cause hepatic veno-occlusive disease, pancreatitis, nephritis, and hemorrhagic cystitis. GVHD is a process in which donor lymphoid cells produce damage to recipient target organs, especially skin, liver, and intestinal mucosa. Recurrent or de novo disease or malignancies, particularly B-cell lymphomas, may develop in chronically immunocompromised children. Other problems include stone disease, splenic and renal infarction, and complications of hyperalimentation therapy. Abdominal imaging, including plain radiography, contrast material-enhanced studies of the bowel, real-time and duplex sonography, and computed tomography, is essential in diagnosing these problems and evaluating response to therapy.

  1. HIGH-DOSE CHEMOTHERAPY WITH BLOOD OR BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTS FOR RHABDOMYOSARCOMA

    PubMed Central

    Stiff, Patrick J.; Agovi, Manza-A.; Antman, Karen H.; Blaise, Didier; Camitta, Bruce M.; Cairo, Mitchell S.; Childs, Richard W.; Edwards, John R; Gale, Robert Peter; Hale, Gregory A.; Lazarus, Hillard M.; Arora, Mukta

    2009-01-01

    Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), the most common soft-tissue sarcoma in children, is cured with conventional therapy in 70%. However, 5 year survival for those who relapse is about 30% and drops to about 15% for those with unfavorable histologies (alveolar/undifferentiated subtypes). We describe outcomes of 62 subjects receiving autologous blood/bone marrow transplants for RMS between 1989 and 2003 and reported to CIBMTR. Histological subtype was confirmed by reviewing pathology reports. Transplant-related mortality (TRM), progression-free survival (PFS) and survival were evaluated. Overall 73% of subjects were < 20 years; 39% had cancer bulk >5cm, 63% had metastasis at diagnosis, 55% had unfavorable histologies, 92% had cancer responsive to chemotherapy pretransplant and 67% were in 1st remission. The 1-year TRM was 5% (95% CI, 1–12%) and the 5 year PFS and survival were 29% (95% CI, 18–41%) and 32% (95% CI, 21–44%) respectively. There was only a 4% relapse rate after the first year. There were no differences in 5 year PFS or survival based on histological subtype, transplant in 1st remission vs. relapse (36% vs. 29%; p=0.5), or transplantation for poor-risk histologies in 1st remission vs. relapse (34% vs. 33%; p=0.9). Our data indicate that autotransplants for RMS disease are typically done in patients with disease responsive to chemotherapy pretransplant, with approximately one-third long-term survivors. Despite high risk factors, we also found a low TRM, perhaps reflecting the migration from marrow to blood stem cells as the graft source. Even when performed after relapse for alveolar/undifferentiated histologies, long-term survivals were seen seemingly better than results with conventional therapies. PMID:19961947

  2. Biological significance of HLA locus matching in unrelated donor bone marrow transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Kashiwase, Koichi; Matsuo, Keitaro; Azuma, Fumihiro; Morishima, Satoko; Onizuka, Makoto; Yabe, Toshio; Murata, Makoto; Doki, Noriko; Eto, Tetsuya; Mori, Takehiko; Miyamura, Koichi; Sao, Hiroshi; Ichinohe, Tatsuo; Saji, Hiroo; Kato, Shunichi; Atsuta, Yoshiko; Kawa, Keisei; Kodera, Yoshihisa; Sasazuki, Takehiko

    2015-01-01

    We hypothesized that the compatibility of each HLA loci between donor and patient induced divergent transplant-related immunologic responses, which attributed to the individualized manifestation of clinical outcomes. Here, we analyzed 7898 Japanese pairs transplanted with T-cell–replete marrow from an unrelated donor with complete HLA allele typing data. Multivariable competing risk regression analyses were conducted to evaluate the relative risk (RR) of clinical outcomes after transplantation. A significant RR of HLA allele mismatch compared with match was seen with HLA-A, -B, -C, and -DPB1 for grade III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and HLA-C for chronic GVHD. Of note, only HLA-C and HLA-DPB1 mismatch reduced leukemia relapse, and this graft-versus-leukemia effect of HLA-DPB1 was independent of chronic GVHD. HLA-DRB1 and HLA-DQB1 double (DRB1_DQB1) mismatch was revealed to be a significant RR for acute GVHD and mortality, whereas single mismatch was not. Thus, the number of HLA-A, -B, -C, -DPB1, and DRB1_DQB1 mismatches showed a clear-cut risk difference for acute GVHD, whereas the number of mismatches for HLA-A, -B, -C, and DRB1_DQB1 showed the same for mortality. In conclusion, we determined the biological response to HLA locus mismatch in transplant-related immunologic events, and provide a rationale for use of a personalized algorithm for unrelated donor selection. PMID:25519752

  3. CCN1 enhances angiogenic potency of bone marrow transplantation in a rat model of hindlimb ischemia.

    PubMed

    Yin, Cunping; Liang, Yuan; Guo, Shuguang; Zhou, Xingli; Pan, Xinghua

    2014-09-01

    Implantation of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells (BM-MNCs) has been performed in ischemic tissues, for stimulation of angiogenesis, but the limited number of BM-MNCs in patients with hindlimb ischemia disease may offset their overall therapeutic efficacy. CCN1 is a novel and essential regulator during angiogenesis. We evaluated whether CCN1 and BM-MNC are capable of promoting angiogenesis in hindlimb ischemia. In this study, we created the rat model of hindlimb ischemia, and then the rats were randomly divided into four groups: CCN1 infusion plus BM-MNC transplantation (CCN1 + BM-MNCs group), CCN1 infusion plus PBS injection (CCN1 group), vehicle infusion plus BM-MNC transplantation (BM-MNCs group) and vehicle infusion plus PBS injection (control group). The combination of CCN1 and BM-MNC therapy could increase blood perfusion, capillary/muscle fiber ratio and tissue oxygenation in ischemic hindlimb. Moreover, CCN1 could not only inhibit the apoptosis of BM-MNCs, but also enhance the adhesiveness of BM-MNCs to HUVEC. Taken together, CCN1 enhanced angiogenesis of BM-MNC transplantation, and combining CCN1 with BM-MNC transplantation is a useful alternative for ischemic limbs.

  4. Cataracts after total body irradiation and marrow transplantation: a sparing effect of dose fractionation

    SciTech Connect

    Deeg, H.J.; Flournoy, N.; Sullivan, K.M.; Sheehan, K.; Buckner, C.D.; Sanders, J.E.; Storb, R.; Witherspoon, R.P.; Thomas, E.D.

    1984-07-01

    Two hundred seventy-seven patients, who have been followed for 1 to 12 years after marrow transplantation, have been examined for cataract development. In preparation for transplantation, 96 patients with aplastic anemia were conditioned with chemotherapy only, while 181 patients (two with aplastic anemia and 179 with a hematologic malignancy) were conditioned with a regimen of total body irradiation (TBI) and chemotherapy. TBI was delivered from two opposing /sup 60/Co sources at an exposure rate of 4 to 8 cGy/min, either as a single dose of 10 Gy (105 patients) or in fractions (76 patients). To date, 86 patients have developed cataracts. Kaplan-Meier product limit estimates of the incidence of cataracts for patients given chemotherapy only and no TBI, single-dose TBI, and fractionated TBI are 19, 80, 18%, respectively. On the basis of proportional hazards regression analyses, patients given single-dose TBI had a relative risk of developing cataracts that was 4.7-fold higher than in patients given fractionated TBI or chemotherapy only, suggesting a significant sparing effect with use of TBI dose fractionation.

  5. Donor lymphocyte infusion to treat relapse after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for myelodysplastic syndrome.

    PubMed

    Depil, S; Deconinck, E; Milpied, N; Sutton, L; Witz, F; Jouet, J P; Damaj, G; Yakoub-Agha, I

    2004-03-01

    Donor lymphocyte infusion has become established as a salvage therapy for patients with hematological disorders relapsing after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). The role of donor lymphocyte infusion for patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) remains to be established. Between July 1993 and October 2001, 14 patients with MDS relapsing after allogeneic BMT received DLI as salvage therapy. At the time of BMT, one patient had RA, nine had RAEB, of whom three were in CR after induction-type chemotherapy, two had RAEB-T, one had CMML and one had AML. Donors were HLA-matched siblings (n=12), HLA-matched other relative (n=1) and unrelated (n=1). At the time of relapse, the median marrow blast count was 9%. The median CD3+ cell dose administered was 6.3 x 10(7)/kg. With a median follow-up of 49 months, six patients were alive, of whom two were in CR after DLI alone and remained disease-free, two were in CR after a second BMT and two had active disease. Eight patients died of disease progression. Although DLI alone seems to be effective in a small number of patients with MDS, other treatment strategies, including prior debulking chemotherapy, deserve investigation.

  6. Epstein-Barr virus-related lymphoproliferative disorders following bone marrow transplantation: an immunologic and genotypic analysis.

    PubMed

    Davey, D D; Kamat, D; Laszewski, M; Goeken, J A; Kemp, J D; Trigg, M E; Purtilo, D T; Davis, J; Dick, F R

    1989-01-01

    Four patients from 1.5 to 18 yr of age who had received partially matched T-cell-depleted bone marrow transplants for acute leukemia succumbed to a widespread lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD) at 56 to 147 days after transplant. Premortem diagnosis of LPD was suggested in two because plasmacytoid cells were observed in the blood and bone marrow, and in the cerebrospinal fluid of one of these patients. Serum clonal immunoglobulins (Igs) were also demonstrated in these two patients premortem, while the other two had clonal Igs in serum obtained at autopsy. Autopsies revealed a plasmacytoid infiltrate or immunoblastic lymphoma involving lymph nodes, spleen, liver, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, and kidneys. Immunoglobulin gene rearrangement studies performed in three revealed B-cell clonality. Both immunohistochemical and DNA gene rearrangement studies were useful in differentiating the LPD from the pretransplant leukemia. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genome was found in the tissues of the three patients studied. The diagnosis of EBV-induced LPD must be considered in bone marrow transplant patients who deteriorate and who exhibit serum clonal Igs or prominent plasmacytoid cells in laboratory specimens.

  7. Wolman disease successfully treated by bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Krivit, W; Peters, C; Dusenbery, K; Ben-Yoseph, Y; Ramsay, N K; Wagner, J E; Anderson, R

    2000-09-01

    Wolman disease is characterized by severe diarrhea and malnutrition leading to death during infancy. Lysosomal acid lipase deficiency is the cause of the symptoms and signs. It is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. All Wolman disease patients have adrenal gland calcification. Previous therapeutic attempts have failed to provide remission. We report successful long-ter