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Sample records for matt damon vitleb

  1. Obituary: Damon Paul Simonelli, 1959-2004

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buratti, Bonnie Jean; Veverka, Joseph

    2005-12-01

    Damon Paul Simonelli died unexpectedly on 1 December 2004 after he collapsed of heart failure at his home near Pasadena, California. Damon led pioneering studies in the scientific exploration of the satellites of the Solar System with spacecraft. He was a longtime member of the AAS's Division for Planetary Sciences community. Only two weeks before his death he attended the 2004 DPS meeting in Louisville where he presented a paper on the surface roughness of Phoebe based on Cassini observations. Damon was born in the Bronx, New York, on 15 August 1959. His father, Aldo Simonelli (d. 1990), was a clarinetist for the New York City Opera Company, and his mother, Alice Kennard Simonelli, was a secretary. His parents met while they were both students at the Julliard School. Family history has it that Damon's mother was an opera student, but she ruined her voice after singing when she had the flu. By junior high school, Damon had become a master at convincing his mother to wake him up at 3 AM to watch televised moonwalks, and to allow the entire family to view Star Trek episodes at the dinner table. Damon graduated from the Bronx High School of Science in 1976, with a composition on the New York State Regents exam that mentioned the significance of bicentennial toilet bowl lids. In addition to placing great emphasis on humor, the Simonelli family valued education. Damon's younger sister Danelle graduated from Vassar College and has served many years as a U. S. Park Ranger at Liberty Island. Damon graduated with a BA summa cum laude in physics from Cornell in 1980, where he had begun working with Carl Sagan. Damon had painstakingly gone through all the Viking images to look for any possibility of sentient life on Mars (he didn't find any). Perhaps the arrival of data from the first great explorers of the outer Solar System - Voyagers 1 and 2 - convinced Damon to continue at Cornell with Joe Veverka. While at Cornell, Damon began his pioneering work on the use of

  2. The direct electrorefining of copper matte

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McKay, Douglas J.

    1993-03-01

    Direct electrorefining of copper matte would be a desirable alternative to copper converting and its associated troublesome sulfur dioxide emissions. After more than 100 years of study, however, no commercial process has been developed, even though an analogous process for the direct electrorefining of nickel matte anodes has been operating successfully for several decades. The unique difficulties associated with copper matte electrorefining are related to the properties of the matte's decomposition products.

  3. Touring Protein Space with Matt

    PubMed Central

    Daniels, Noah M.; Kumar, Anoop; Cowen, Lenore J.; Menke, Matt

    2012-01-01

    Using the Matt structure alignment program, we take a tour of protein space, producing a hierarchical clustering scheme that divides protein structural domains into clusters based on geometric dissimilarity. While it was known that purely structural, geometric, distance-based measures of structural similarity, such as Dali/FSSP, could largely replicate hand-curated schemes such as SCOP at the family level, it was an open question as to whether any such scheme could approximate SCOP at the more distant superfamily and fold levels. We partially answer this question in the affirmative, by designing a clustering scheme based on Matt that approximately matches SCOP at the superfamily level, and demonstrates qualitative differences in performance between Matt and DaliLite. Implications for the debate over the organization of protein fold space are discussed. Based on our clustering of protein space, we introduce the Mattbench benchmark set, a new collection of structural alignments useful for testing sequence aligners on more distantly homologous proteins. PMID:21464511

  4. Antimony activities in copper mattes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hino, M.; Toguri, J. M.

    1987-03-01

    A mass spectrometric technique combined with a double Knudsen cell was used to determine the antimony and copper activities in the Cu-Sb binary system at 1373 K and in the two-melt composition range of the Cu-S-Sb ternary system at 1423 K. The antimony and copper activities were calculated based on the intensity ration of the gaseous Sb and Cu species, over the unknown and known activity samples, respectively. γ{Sb/o} were found to be 1.1×10-2 in molten copper at 1373 K, and 1.8×10-2 and 0.44 in a copper-rich phase and in a matter phase, of the Cu-S-Sb ternary system at 1423 K, respectively. These values indicate, that antimony can be removed during the matte smelting and slagging stage of the copper smelting process. Interaction parameters of antimony in molten copper slagging stage of the copper smelting process. Interaction parameters of antimony in molten copper at 1423 K were calculated and found to be 10.7, -5.4, and 6.3 for ɛ{Sb/Sb} · ρSb Sb, and ɛ{Sb/S}, respectively.

  5. A comparative investigation into relative bond strengths of Damon3, Damon3MX, and APC II brackets using different primer and adhesive combinations.

    PubMed

    Izadi, Maryam I; Sherriff, Martyn; Cobourne, Martyn T

    2012-12-01

    This investigation measured and compared shear bond strength (SBS) and adhesive remnant indices (ARIs) of Damon3 and Damon3MX brackets bonded with their recommended primer/adhesive combination or Transbond XT primer/adhesive, with APC II brackets bonded using Transbond XT. Sixty non-carious human third molars were collected and randomly divided into six equal groups of 10. Amongst these, one group was used to standardize the testing methodology, with the remainder constituting the five experimental groups. Upper right central incisor brackets represented each bracket type. Specifically, Damon3 brackets were bonded using either OrthoSolo primer/Blugloo (recommended) or Transbond XT primer/adhesive; Damon3MX brackets were bonded using OrthoSolo primer/Grengloo (recommended) or Transbond XT primer/adhesive, and APC II brackets were bonded with Transbond XT primer. Brackets were debonded by shear force using an Instron machine and the SBS measured. Scores for ARI were determined for all groups after bracket failure by magnified inspection of the tooth surface. Logrank tests showed a significantly higher SBS with Damon3 brackets bonded with OrthoSolo/Blugloo compared with Transbond XT, but no significant differences between the SBS of Damon3MX brackets bonded with OrthoSolo/Grengloo compared with Transbond XT. There were no significant differences in SBS of all three bracket types when bonded with Transbond XT. Pearson's chi-square test showed no difference in the locus of debond. All three adhesive systems are reliable when bonding Damon3 and Damon3MX brackets. Some caution should be taken when using Damon3 brackets bonded with OrthoSolo/Blugloo due to the higher SBS, although no enamel fractures were noted in this study.

  6. Microscopic theory of Damon-Eshbach modes in ferromagnetic films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leite, R. V.; Costa Filho, R. N.

    2001-05-01

    The surface spin wave branches in ferromagnetic films are studied using a microscopic theory which considers both magnetic dipole-dipole and Heisenberg exchange interactions. The dipole terms are expressed in a Hamiltonian formalism, and the dipole sums are calculated in a rapidly convergent form. The Damon-Eshbach surface modes are analyzed for different directions of the spin-wave propagation and also for different ratios of the strength of the dipole interactions relative to the exchange interactions. Numerical results are presented using parameters for Fe and GdCl 3.

  7. 1. Perspective of Mattes Street Signal Tower looking southwest. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Perspective of Mattes Street Signal Tower looking southwest. - Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad, Scranton Yards, Mattes Street Signal Tower, 80 feet Southwest of Railroad Alley & Cedar Avenue, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA

  8. Matt Rogers on AES Energy Storage

    SciTech Connect

    Rogers, Matt

    2010-01-01

    The Department of Energy and AES Energy Storage recently agreed to a $17.1M conditional loan guarantee commitment. This project will develop the first battery-based energy storage system to provide a more stable and efficient electrical grid for New York State's high-voltage transmission network. Matt Rogers is the Senior Advisor to the Secretary for Recovery Act Implementation.

  9. Matte painting in stereoscopic synthetic imagery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eisenmann, Jonathan; Parent, Rick

    2010-02-01

    While there have been numerous studies concerning human perception in stereoscopic environments, rules of thumb for cinematography in stereoscopy have not yet been well-established. To that aim, we present experiments and results of subject testing in a stereoscopic environment, similar to that of a theater (i.e. large flat screen without head-tracking). In particular we wish to empirically identify thresholds at which different types of backgrounds, referred to in the computer animation industry as matte paintings, can be used while still maintaining the illusion of seamless perspective and depth for a particular scene and camera shot. In monoscopic synthetic imagery, any type of matte painting that maintains proper perspective lines, depth cues, and coherent lighting and textures saves in production costs while still maintaining the illusion of an alternate cinematic reality. However, in stereoscopic synthetic imagery, a 2D matte painting that worked in monoscopy may fail to provide the intended illusion of depth because the viewer has added depth information provided by stereopsis. We intend to observe two stereoscopic perceptual thresholds in this study which will provide practical guidelines indicating when to use each of three types of matte paintings. We ran subject tests in two virtual testing environments, each with varying conditions. Data were collected showing how the choices of the users matched the correct response, and the resulting perceptual threshold patterns are discussed below.

  10. Clinical applications of Matte Blanco's thinking.

    PubMed

    Sanchez-Cardenas, Michel

    2016-12-01

    Ignacio Matte Blanco (1908-1995) left very few specific indications about the applications of his theoretical notions to his interpretative style. The author shows how he uses Matte Blanco to formulate some of his own interpretations. The first part of the paper uses clinical vignettes to illustrate some of Matte-Blanco's concepts. Their theoretical vocabulary is thus made explicit. Then two psychoanalytic sessions are discussed at greater length, together with one from a therapy, so that the use of Matte-Blanco's notions can be seen clearly, allowing for a fresh perspective on areas of psychoanalytic theory, particularly dreams, psychopathology viewed according to the proportions of asymmetrical and symmetrical functioning in the patient's bi-logical mental system, the multidimensionality of the unconscious, the structural unconscious, the emotion-thought relationship, projective identification, resistance, and negative therapeutic reaction. The practical consequences of all this are elaborated, particularly the ensuing possibility of 'thinking with the patient' in the session. This enables the patient to introject a form of mental functioning in which the asymmetrical mode is not invaded by the symmetric mode (a parallel can be seen here with the Bionian concept of dialogue between the psychotic and non-psychotic parts of the mind).

  11. Matt Rogers on AES Energy Storage

    ScienceCinema

    Rogers, Matt

    2016-07-12

    The Department of Energy and AES Energy Storage recently agreed to a $17.1M conditional loan guarantee commitment. This project will develop the first battery-based energy storage system to provide a more stable and efficient electrical grid for New York State's high-voltage transmission network. Matt Rogers is the Senior Advisor to the Secretary for Recovery Act Implementation.

  12. Cognitive Interaction and the Development of Sociality: A Commentary on Damon and Killen.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broughton, John M.

    1982-01-01

    Comments on Damon and Killen's study, pointing out that the methodological difficulties in examining spontaneous moral discussions have led to the appropriation of a dyadic social-cognitive conflict paradigm that focuses on dialogic interaction. (Author/RH)

  13. A clinical trial of Damon 2 vs conventional twin brackets during initial alignment.

    PubMed

    Miles, Peter G; Weyant, Robert J; Rustveld, Luis

    2006-05-01

    The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness and comfort of Damon 2 brackets and conventional twin brackets during initial alignment. Sixty consecutive patients participated in a split mouth design. One side of the lower arch was bonded with the Damon 2 bracket and the other with a conventional twin bracket. The sides were alternated with each consecutive patient. The irregularity index (II) was measured for each half of the arch at baseline, at 10 weeks at the first archwire change, and at another 10 weeks at the second archwire change. Any difference in discomfort was assessed within the first few days of archwire placement and again at the first archwire change. Comfort on the lips, preferred look, and bracket failure rates were also recorded. The twin bracket was more uncomfortable with the initial archwire (P = .04). However, at 10 weeks, substantially more patients reported discomfort with the Damon 2 bracket when engaging the archwire (P = .004). At both archwire changes at 10 and 20 weeks (P = .001), the conventional bracket had achieved a lower II than the Damon 2 bracket by 0.2 mm, which is not clinically significant. Patients preferred the look of the twin bracket over the Damon 2 (P < .0005) and more Damon 2 brackets debonded during the study (P < .0005). The Damon 2 bracket was no better during initial alignment than a conventional bracket. Initially, the Damon 2 bracket was less painful, but it was substantially more painful when placing the second archwire and had a higher bracket failure rate.

  14. The Lost Worlds of Messmore & Damon: Science, Spectacle & Prehistoric Monsters in early-twentieth century America.

    PubMed

    Manias, Chris

    2016-09-01

    In 1924, the model-making company Messmore & Damon, Inc. of New York unleashed their masterpiece: the Amphibious Dinosaurus Brontosaurus, a moving, breathing, roaring animatronic dinosaur, based on displays in the American Museum of Natural History. Over the 1920s and 1930s, this became the focus of an ever-increasing publicity campaign, as Messmore & Damon exhibited prehistoric automata in department stores, the media, and the Chicago World Fair of 1933-34. These displays were hugely popular and widely discussed, drawing from the increasing public appeal of paleontology. Mixing commercial entertainment with invocations of scientific value, Messmore & Damon's prehistoric creations offer a window into the meaning and popularity of the deep time sciences in early-twentieth century America, and the links between science and spectacle in this period. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Oxygen solubility and speciation in sulphide-rich mattes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fonseca, Raúl O. C.; Campbell, Ian H.; O'Neill, Hugh St. C.; Fitzgerald, John D.

    2008-06-01

    Sulphide-rich liquids are common in magmatic environments forming over a wide range of temperature, pressure, fO 2 and fS 2. They are economically important because they sequester valuable metals such as Cu, Ni, Au and Pt from silicate melts. The presence of accessory amounts of primary oxides associated with sulphide mineralisations is often ignored or unexplained. Experimental work has shown that large amounts of oxygen can dissolve into mattes at fO 2 typical of terrestrial environments. At the quartz-fayalite-magnetite fO 2 buffer, the molar fraction of O in the matte exceeds that of S, placing the composition of the matte to the magnetite side of the mss (monosulphide solid solution)-magnetite join in the Fe-S-O system. However, sulphides crystallise before magnetite in most sulphide mineralisations and are much more abundant. Moreover, the speciation of O in a matte is not well known. Here we report the results of an experimental study of the solubility of O in mattes as a function of fS 2, fO 2, temperature, and composition. We confirm previous observations that Ni and Cu have a negative effect on the solubility of O in mattes. We show evidence for the existence of FeSO as a structural constituent of mattes in the Fe-S-O system. We present a simple parameterisation of the amount of O dissolved in mattes under relevant geological conditions, and use this parameterisation to discuss mechanisms for the crystallisation of primary spinels associated with sulphides in the Kambalda massive sulphide deposit (Western Australia) and the Sudbury Igneous Complex (Ontario, Canada).

  16. [Indications for non-extraction treatment of dental crowding with Damon appliance].

    PubMed

    Tang, Guo-hua; Zhang, Lei; Xu, Xiao-cen; Li, Xuan; Chu, Feng-ting

    2008-08-01

    To analyze the indications for successful non-extraction correction of dental crowding with Damon appliance. METHODSú 19 patients with non-extraction orthodontic treatment were reviewed. They had Class I skeletal pattern and both arches were treated with Damon 3 or Damon MX appliances. According to the initial diagnosis before treatment (T1), 7 cases needed extraction, but they rejected it. After correction of crowding (T2), they were allotted into either successful group or unsuccessful group. The successful group contained those subjects in whom the Z angle at T2 was no less than 70 degrees or that of T1. Others were allotted into the unsuccessful group. The dental casts and cephalometric radiophotographs were analyzed at T1 and T2. The difference between the two groups was analyzed with SPSS15.0 software package for Student's t test. There were 11 cases in successful group. All the 7 cases rejecting extraction were finally allotted into the unsuccessful group. No significant difference in upper arch perimeter and arch width was detected between the two groups at both T1 and T2. The upper and lower incisors and upper lip showed a more retruded position in successful group at T1, although they showed a similar amount of protrusion from T1 to T2 in both groups. The forward movement of lower lip was 3.4mm in the unsuccessful group, which was significantly larger than that of 1.6mm in successful group(P<0.05). Z angle decreased 10.7 degrees in the unsuccessful group, while no significant change was detected in the successful group. The Holdaway upper lip strain was comparable in two groups, but the successful group showed significantly less soft chin strain than unsuccessful group (P<0.05). Damon appliance can not rescue extraction cases. Straight soft tissue profile and upright incisor position are prerequisite for non-extraction treatment. And a harmonious chin and lip position is the key leading to the successful non-extraction treatment with Damon appliance.

  17. Example of the Refractory Corrosion Test Work with Nickel Matte

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gregurek, D.; Ressler, A.; Spanring, A.; Pichler, C.

    In order to improve the refractory lining life at one of the RHI key customer test procedures were developed within a two years collaboration project. In the first year of cooperation detailed refractory corrosion work in the rotary kiln with Ca-ferritic slag was performed. The main results of the second year of cooperation, reported in this article, involve a detailed testing work with nickel matte and pre-selected refractory brands which was performed in TBRC. A first part of this work was a complete chemical and mineralogical characterization as well as FactSage calculations carried out on provided matte samples. According to these results testing in the TBRC was realized at different process temperatures with several magnesia-chromite bricks. Based on the mineralogical investigation a high chemothermal load caused by sulfidic matte resulted in a deep reaching infiltration of the brick microstructure and partly corrosion of main brick components.

  18. Do you do Damon®? What is the current evidence base underlying the philosophy of this appliance system?

    PubMed

    Wright, Natasha; Modarai, Faranak; Cobourne, Martyn T; Dibiase, Andrew T

    2011-09-01

    Self-ligating bracket systems are increasing in popularity amongst orthodontists. This reflects their high quality engineering, improved reliability and relative ease of use. However, it might also be related to claims of superior function made by the manufacturers of these appliances. In particular, the Damon(®) appliance system claims to offer significant advantages to both orthodontist and patient over conventional-ligation and other forms of self-ligated appliances. We have reviewed current literature relating to use of the Damon(®) appliance system. There is some evidence to suggest this appliance may lead to reductions in chairside time for the orthodontist, particularly those experienced with this system, in comparison to conventional-ligation. However, evidence that pain experience is reduced for the patient when using Damon(®) brackets is not conclusive. In the presence of identical archwire sequences, there is no evidence that Damon(®) brackets can align teeth faster or in a qualitatively differently manner, when compared with conventional-ligation. There is no high quality evidence that treatment with the Damon(®) appliance takes place more rapidly or leads to a superior occlusal or aesthetic result. Indeed, the best available evidence would suggest there is no difference in treatment outcome or time, at least in extraction cases. There is no evidence that treatment with the Damon(®) appliance is more stable. Claims relating to improved clinical performance of the Damon(®) appliance system are currently being made to orthodontists and patients that are not substantiated in the scientific literature.

  19. Unexpected attraction of polarotactic water-leaving insects to matt black car surfaces: mattness of paintwork cannot eliminate the polarized light pollution of black cars.

    PubMed

    Blaho, Miklos; Herczeg, Tamas; Kriska, Gyorgy; Egri, Adam; Szaz, Denes; Farkas, Alexandra; Tarjanyi, Nikolett; Czinke, Laszlo; Barta, Andras; Horvath, Gabor

    2014-01-01

    The horizontally polarizing surface parts of shiny black cars (the reflection-polarization characteristics of which are similar to those of water surfaces) attract water-leaving polarotactic insects. Thus, shiny black cars are typical sources of polarized light pollution endangering water-leaving insects. A new fashion fad is to make car-bodies matt black or grey. Since rough (matt) surfaces depolarize the reflected light, one of the ways of reducing polarized light pollution is to make matt the concerned surface. Consequently, matt black/grey cars may not induce polarized light pollution, which would be an advantageous feature for environmental protection. To test this idea, we performed field experiments with horizontal shiny and matt black car-body surfaces laid on the ground. Using imaging polarimetry, in multiple-choice field experiments we investigated the attractiveness of these test surfaces to various water-leaving polarotactic insects and obtained the following results: (i) The attractiveness of black car-bodies to polarotactic insects depends in complex manner on the surface roughness (shiny, matt) and species (mayflies, dolichopodids, tabanids). (ii) Non-expectedly, the matt dark grey car finish is much more attractive to mayflies (being endangered and protected in many countries) than matt black finish. (iii) The polarized light pollution of shiny black cars usually cannot be reduced with the use of matt painting. On the basis of these, our two novel findings are that (a) matt car-paints are highly polarization reflecting, and (b) these matt paints are not suitable to repel polarotactic insects. Hence, the recent technology used to make matt the car-bodies cannot eliminate or even can enhance the attractiveness of black/grey cars to water-leaving insects. Thus, changing shiny black car painting to matt one is a disadvantageous fashion fad concerning the reduction of polarized light pollution of black vehicles.

  20. Unexpected Attraction of Polarotactic Water-Leaving Insects to Matt Black Car Surfaces: Mattness of Paintwork Cannot Eliminate the Polarized Light Pollution of Black Cars

    PubMed Central

    Blaho, Miklos; Herczeg, Tamas; Kriska, Gyorgy; Egri, Adam; Szaz, Denes; Farkas, Alexandra; Tarjanyi, Nikolett; Czinke, Laszlo; Barta, Andras; Horvath, Gabor

    2014-01-01

    The horizontally polarizing surface parts of shiny black cars (the reflection-polarization characteristics of which are similar to those of water surfaces) attract water-leaving polarotactic insects. Thus, shiny black cars are typical sources of polarized light pollution endangering water-leaving insects. A new fashion fad is to make car-bodies matt black or grey. Since rough (matt) surfaces depolarize the reflected light, one of the ways of reducing polarized light pollution is to make matt the concerned surface. Consequently, matt black/grey cars may not induce polarized light pollution, which would be an advantageous feature for environmental protection. To test this idea, we performed field experiments with horizontal shiny and matt black car-body surfaces laid on the ground. Using imaging polarimetry, in multiple-choice field experiments we investigated the attractiveness of these test surfaces to various water-leaving polarotactic insects and obtained the following results: (i) The attractiveness of black car-bodies to polarotactic insects depends in complex manner on the surface roughness (shiny, matt) and species (mayflies, dolichopodids, tabanids). (ii) Non-expectedly, the matt dark grey car finish is much more attractive to mayflies (being endangered and protected in many countries) than matt black finish. (iii) The polarized light pollution of shiny black cars usually cannot be reduced with the use of matt painting. On the basis of these, our two novel findings are that (a) matt car-paints are highly polarization reflecting, and (b) these matt paints are not suitable to repel polarotactic insects. Hence, the recent technology used to make matt the car-bodies cannot eliminate or even can enhance the attractiveness of black/grey cars to water-leaving insects. Thus, changing shiny black car painting to matt one is a disadvantageous fashion fad concerning the reduction of polarized light pollution of black vehicles. PMID:25076137

  1. L1-Regularized Reconstruction Error as Alpha Matte

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnson, Jubin; Cholakkal, Hisham; Rajan, Deepu

    2017-04-01

    Sampling-based alpha matting methods have traditionally followed the compositing equation to estimate the alpha value at a pixel from a pair of foreground (F) and background (B) samples. The (F,B) pair that produces the least reconstruction error is selected, followed by alpha estimation. The significance of that residual error has been left unexamined. In this letter, we propose a video matting algorithm that uses L1-regularized reconstruction error of F and B samples as a measure of the alpha matte. A multi-frame non-local means framework using coherency sensitive hashing is utilized to ensure temporal coherency in the video mattes. Qualitative and quantitative evaluations on a dataset exclusively for video matting demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed matting algorithm.

  2. Human visual cortical responses to specular and matte motion flows.

    PubMed

    Kam, Tae-Eui; Mannion, Damien J; Lee, Seong-Whan; Doerschner, Katja; Kersten, Daniel J

    2015-01-01

    Determining the compositional properties of surfaces in the environment is an important visual capacity. One such property is specular reflectance, which encompasses the range from matte to shiny surfaces. Visual estimation of specular reflectance can be informed by characteristic motion profiles; a surface with a specular reflectance that is difficult to determine while static can be confidently disambiguated when set in motion. Here, we used fMRI to trace the sensitivity of human visual cortex to such motion cues, both with and without photometric cues to specular reflectance. Participants viewed rotating blob-like objects that were rendered as images (photometric) or dots (kinematic) with either matte-consistent or shiny-consistent specular reflectance profiles. We were unable to identify any areas in low and mid-level human visual cortex that responded preferentially to surface specular reflectance from motion. However, univariate and multivariate analyses identified several visual areas; V1, V2, V3, V3A/B, and hMT+, capable of differentiating shiny from matte surface flows. These results indicate that the machinery for extracting kinematic cues is present in human visual cortex, but the areas involved in integrating such information with the photometric cues necessary for surface specular reflectance remain unclear.

  3. Human visual cortical responses to specular and matte motion flows

    PubMed Central

    Kam, Tae-Eui; Mannion, Damien J.; Lee, Seong-Whan; Doerschner, Katja; Kersten, Daniel J.

    2015-01-01

    Determining the compositional properties of surfaces in the environment is an important visual capacity. One such property is specular reflectance, which encompasses the range from matte to shiny surfaces. Visual estimation of specular reflectance can be informed by characteristic motion profiles; a surface with a specular reflectance that is difficult to determine while static can be confidently disambiguated when set in motion. Here, we used fMRI to trace the sensitivity of human visual cortex to such motion cues, both with and without photometric cues to specular reflectance. Participants viewed rotating blob-like objects that were rendered as images (photometric) or dots (kinematic) with either matte-consistent or shiny-consistent specular reflectance profiles. We were unable to identify any areas in low and mid-level human visual cortex that responded preferentially to surface specular reflectance from motion. However, univariate and multivariate analyses identified several visual areas; V1, V2, V3, V3A/B, and hMT+, capable of differentiating shiny from matte surface flows. These results indicate that the machinery for extracting kinematic cues is present in human visual cortex, but the areas involved in integrating such information with the photometric cues necessary for surface specular reflectance remain unclear. PMID:26539100

  4. Book Review. "Greater Expectations: Overcoming the Culture of Indulgence in America's Homes and Schools," by William Damon.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, Edward S.

    1997-01-01

    Maintains that America's lowered expectations about education are not a loss of previous American virtues but neither are they a "culture of indulgence" as Damon suggests; they are simply adaptations by the populace to the difficult job of getting along in a highly competitive world. (MDM)

  5. Generating Damon-Eshbach Spin Waves in Py using a Conducting Diffraction Grating

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sklenar, J.; Bhat, V. S.; Delong, L.; Ketterson, J. B.

    2012-02-01

    We have patterned silver hole arrays directly on top of uniform permalloy (Py) films. Typical Py and Ag film thicknesses are 25nm and 40 nm respectively; the holes in the Ag have a 500nm diameter and are patterned on a 1 micron lattice constant. We have measured resonant modes arising from a quasi-uniform microwave excitation field, applied in the plane of the sample, as a function of the in-plane external field and the in-plane field orientation relative to the principal axes of the array. Measurements were done using our broadband meanderline-based ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) spectrometer.ootnotetextC. C. Tsai, J. Choi, S. Cho, B. K. Sarma, C. Thompson, O. Chernyashevskyy, I. Nevirkovets, and J. B Ketterson, Rev. of Sci. Instr. 80, 023904 (2009). In addition to a uniform FMR mode we observe satellite modes that correspond to the Damon-Eshbach spin wavesootnotetextR. W. Damon and J. R. Eshbach J. Phys. Chem. Solids 19, 308 (1961). with wave vectors having Fourier components of the reciprocal lattice of the silver array. Hence, in an otherwise uniform magnetic film the silver array acts as a diffraction grating which excites spin waves with k 0 from the dynamic k 0 microwave magnetic field. The observed spin wave angular dispersion is in excellent agreement with a magnon dispersion relation for spin waves in a uniform film given by Kriesel et al.ootnotetextA. Kreisel, F. Sauli, L. Bartosch, and P. Kopietz, Eur. Phys. J. B 71, 59 (2009).

  6. Symmetry: Matte-Blanco's theory and Borges's fiction.

    PubMed

    Priel, B

    1994-08-01

    Matte-Blanco's theory reformulates the Freudian unconscious from the perspective of mathematical set theory, pointing to symmetric logic as the distinctive mark of the unconscious. Borges's fictional creations are presented as thematising and dramatising, in the act of reading, Matte-Blanco's main concepts of symmetry, bi-logic and the fundamental antinomy of human beings. This study's main thesis is that aesthetic experiences, such as the reading of Borges's literary creation, may allow for a broader experience of symmetrical being than the one conveyed through everyday language. In this context, the analysis of some of Borge's themes and main stylistic devices seems to shed light on bi-logic, from the perspective of the reader's experience and creation of meaning. Borge's characteristic use of literary allusions, as well as the suggested interchangeability of reader, writer and character, are understood as devices which increase the reader's awareness of relations of resemblance, destroying chronology and differences, uniting the text and the reference. From this perspective, a main effect of Borges's creation stems from an enhanced awareness of the interplay of symmetry and asymmetry, and the problem of the translation of symmetric into asymmetric being. Borges's stories effect in the reader an experience of infiniteness, timelessness, multidimensionality and assimilation of the proper part to the whole, as the background of the theme of (asymmetric) story-telling.

  7. Thermodynamic simulation model of the isasmelt process for copper matte

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagamori, M.; Errington, W. J.; Mackey, P. J.; Poggi, D.

    1994-12-01

    A computer model has been constructed to simulate thermodynamically the behavior of the minor elements Zn, Pb, As, Sb, and Bi as well as the major elements Cu, Fe, Si, O, and S in the Isasmelt process, producing copper matte. The model is based on the new concept that there are two independent reaction sites in a slag bath: one for fast oxidation and the other for slow reduction. The oxidizing reaction at the first site produces matte, magnetite-rich slag and gas from chalcopyritic concentrate and siliceous flux. The slag is then partially reduced with lump coal at a site removed from the first site. The oxidizing and reducing reactions are assumed to proceed under a separate set of equilibrium conditions. The process heat balance and thermodynamic distribution of the minor elements are united and expressed as functions of varying weights and compositions of concentrate, flux (silica, limestone), coal, oil, and oxygen-enriched air. The process chemistry was analyzed in terms of Fe3O4, FeO, and FeS activities, as well as SO2 partial pressure. The thermodynamic model explains well the minor element distributions observed in the 15 tons per hour pilot furnace, and it is used to project the optimal smelting conditions for the full-scale 100 tons per hour Isasmelt furnace.

  8. The Damon System and release of substance P in gingival crevicular fluid during orthodontic tooth movement in adults.

    PubMed

    Yamaguchi, Masaru; Takizawa, Tsutomu; Nakajima, Ryo; Imamura, Ryuichi; Kasai, Kazutaka

    2009-01-01

    Metabolism by peptidases plays an important role in modulating the levels of biologically active neuropeptides. One of these neuropeptides, substance P (SP), a component of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), may exponentiate the inflammatory process during orthodontic tooth movement. The aim of this study was to investigate the GCF levels of SP in patients using different bracket systems. Subjects were 10 patients (four males, six females; mean age, 25.1 ± 4.4 years) undergoing orthodontic movement (leveling) in the maxilla. Conventional brackets were placed on the left side, while the teeth on the right received self-ligating brackets. The teeth on the mandibular left side without any orthodontic attachments served as controls. GCF was sampled at 0, 1, 24, and 168 hours after initiation of treatment. Prevention of plaque-induced inflammation allowed assessment of the dynamics of mechanically stimulated SP levels in the GCF, which was determined using commercially enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA) kits. GCF levels of SP for the Damon System sites were significantly lower than for the teeth with conventional brackets at 24 hours. This result indicates that the Damon System inhibited an increase in the amount of SP in the GCF. Thus, the Damon System is useful to reduce the inflammation and pain resulting from orthodontic forces.

  9. An SPH Study of Molten Matte-Slag Dispersion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Natsui, Shungo; Nashimoto, Ryota; Kumagai, Takehiko; Kikuchi, Tatsuya; Suzuki, Ryosuke O.

    2017-02-01

    The transient behaviors of two immiscible liquids, namely, molten matte and molten slag, with a high interfacial tension were investigated using the smoothed particle hydrodynamics model. Numerical simulations were performed using a discrete-element-type method that could track the movement of both the continuous liquid phase and the dispersed one directly. Numerical simulations were also performed for conditions corresponding to different interfacial tension and density values. Further, the predicted topological changes as well as the relationship between the physical properties and the droplet size distribution were investigated. It was found that, with an increase in the interfacial tension, the large droplets formed aggregate quickly with the bulk phase, owing to the buoyancy force. It was also found that the absolute value of the interfacial tension determines the interfacial area, suggesting that it also affects the droplet settling time. As such, we can conclude that the nonlinearly changed interface shape can easily become unstable as a result of only a slight change in the curvature.

  10. An SPH Study of Molten Matte-Slag Dispersion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Natsui, Shungo; Nashimoto, Ryota; Kumagai, Takehiko; Kikuchi, Tatsuya; Suzuki, Ryosuke O.

    2017-06-01

    The transient behaviors of two immiscible liquids, namely, molten matte and molten slag, with a high interfacial tension were investigated using the smoothed particle hydrodynamics model. Numerical simulations were performed using a discrete-element-type method that could track the movement of both the continuous liquid phase and the dispersed one directly. Numerical simulations were also performed for conditions corresponding to different interfacial tension and density values. Further, the predicted topological changes as well as the relationship between the physical properties and the droplet size distribution were investigated. It was found that, with an increase in the interfacial tension, the large droplets formed aggregate quickly with the bulk phase, owing to the buoyancy force. It was also found that the absolute value of the interfacial tension determines the interfacial area, suggesting that it also affects the droplet settling time. As such, we can conclude that the nonlinearly changed interface shape can easily become unstable as a result of only a slight change in the curvature.

  11. Linear thermal expansion coefficients for an epoxy/glass matte-insulated solid cast transformer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dudek, J. A.; Kargol, J. A.

    1988-03-01

    Glass matte/epoxy-reinforced composites provide high-quality electrical insulation, structural integrity, and environmental protection in solid cast transformers. The thermal expansion characteristics of those composites are very important; the thermal expansion must be compatible with the conductor of the transformer in order to minimize stresses and prevent decohesion between the composite and the copper. The glass matte orientation and loading greatly influence the thermal expansion characteristics of the composite. A section was removed from a glass matte/bisphenol A epoxy-insulated, copper conductor wound cylindrical transformer coil. The linear expansion coefficients of the glass matte/epoxy composite were determined by differential dilatometry for three mutually perpendicular orientations with respect to the cylindrical coil. The expected reduction in thermal expansion of the epoxy in the tangential and axial directions due to the glass matte, which produced improved thermal expansion compatibility with the copper windings, was demonstrated. The measured linear thermal expansion coefficients were compared with theoretical values derived from a model for thermal expansion of a two-dimensional isotropic composite filled with fibers randomly oriented in a plane. An alternate composite system used for solid cast coil transformers, consisting of a cycloaliphatic resin filled with silica flour, was also investigated for comparison.

  12. Reciprocal Damon-Eshbach-type spin wave excitation in a magnonic crystal due to tunable magnetic symmetry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huber, R.; Krawczyk, M.; Schwarze, T.; Yu, H.; Duerr, G.; Albert, S.; Grundler, D.

    2013-01-01

    We report spin-wave (SW) propagation in a one-dimensional magnonic crystal (MC) explored by all electrical spectroscopy. The MC consists of a periodic array of 255 nm wide permalloy nanowires with a small edge-to-edge separation of 45 nm. Provoking antiparallel alignment of the magnetization of neighboring nanowires, we unexpectedly find reciprocal excitation of Damon-Eshbach type SWs. The characteristics are in contrast to ferromagnetic thin films and controlled via, both, the external magnetic field and magnetic states. The observed reciprocal excitation is a metamaterial property for SWs and attributed to the peculiar magnetic symmetry of the artificially tailored magnetic material. The findings offer great perspectives for nanoscale SW interference devices.

  13. Minimization of copper losses to slag in matte smelting by colemanite addition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rüşen, Aydın; Geveci, Ahmet; Topkaya, Yavuz A.

    2012-11-01

    In any copper production plant, more than two tons of slag is discarded with 0.7-2.3%Cu to produce each ton of copper. Therefore, minimizing copper losses is crucial during the copper matte smelting. In order to reduce the copper losses to slag in copper production, the addition of colemanite (a boron compound; 2CaO.3B2O3.5H2O) to slag was investigated in the present study. In experiments, the effects of other oxides such as ZnO, PbO, CaO and Al2O3 which are generally known to be present in copper matte smelting slag were not taken into account by using a synthetic slag and a matte. Therefore, a slag consisting of FeO-Fe2O3-SiO2 and a matte with Cu-Fe-S were only used. After producing synthetically a slag without copper and a matte, they were melted together at 1250 °C under nitrogen atmosphere in silica crucibles. During these experiments, calcined colemanite addition in various amounts (0%, 2%, 4% and 6% of charge), and duration (0.5, 1, 2, 4 h) were chosen as variables. At the end of experiments, the results showed that when the calcined colemanite addition to synthetic slag-matte couple was increased from 0% to 6%, the copper content in resultant slag decreased substantially from about 1.50% to about 0.40%. It was also seen that the addition of calcined colemanite reduced the duration to reach equilibrium. By applying this method, the quality of production process could be improved as well as reducing the cost of processing of slag.

  14. Cuticular microstructures turn specular black into matt black in a stick insect.

    PubMed

    Maurer, Doris L; Kohl, Tobias; Gebhardt, Michael J

    2017-03-01

    The stick insect Peruphasma schultei stands out from other insects by its deep matt black cuticle. We tested whether the appearance of P. schultei is due to microstructures of the cuticle, a phenomenon that has recently been described for the velvet black scales of the Gaboon viper. The shiny black stick insect Anisomorpha paromalus served as a control. We found that the P. schultei cuticle is characterised by two different types of microstructures, tall elevations with a maximum size of 18 μm and small structures with a height of 4 μm. Other than in the snake, P. schultei microstructures do not bear nanostructures. The microstructures scatter light independently of the viewing angle. This causes the matt appearance of the cuticle, whereas pigments are responsible for the black colouration, resulting in a maximum reflectance of 2.8% percent. The microstructures also cause the hydrophobic properties of the cuticle with contact angles near 130°. Resin replicas and bleaching of the cuticle strongly support these results. Moreover, the matt black cuticle has a higher heat absorption compared to the control. We discuss the selective benefit of the matt black appearance of P. schultei in the context of behaviour, ecology and phylogeny.

  15. Direct observation of isolated Damon-Eshbach and backward volume spin-wave packets in ferromagnetic microstripes.

    PubMed

    Wessels, Philipp; Vogel, Andreas; Tödt, Jan-Niklas; Wieland, Marek; Meier, Guido; Drescher, Markus

    2016-02-24

    The analysis of isolated spin-wave packets is crucial for the understanding of magnetic transport phenomena and is particularly interesting for applications in spintronic and magnonic devices, where isolated spin-wave packets implement an information processing scheme with negligible residual heat loss. We have captured microscale magnetization dynamics of single spin-wave packets in metallic ferromagnets in space and time. Using an optically driven high-current picosecond pulse source in combination with time-resolved scanning Kerr microscopy probed by femtosecond laser pulses, we demonstrate phase-sensitive real-space observation of spin-wave packets in confined permalloy (Ni80Fe20) microstripes. Impulsive excitation permits extraction of the dynamical parameters, i.e. phase- and group velocities, frequencies and wave vectors. In addition to well-established Damon-Eshbach modes our study reveals waves with counterpropagating group- and phase-velocities. Such unusual spin-wave motion is expected for backward volume modes where the phase fronts approach the excitation volume rather than emerging out of it due to the negative slope of the dispersion relation. These modes are difficult to excite and observe directly but feature analogies to negative refractive index materials, thus enabling model studies of wave propagation inside metamaterials.

  16. Direct observation of isolated Damon-Eshbach and backward volume spin-wave packets in ferromagnetic microstripes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wessels, Philipp; Vogel, Andreas; Tödt, Jan-Niklas; Wieland, Marek; Meier, Guido; Drescher, Markus

    2016-02-01

    The analysis of isolated spin-wave packets is crucial for the understanding of magnetic transport phenomena and is particularly interesting for applications in spintronic and magnonic devices, where isolated spin-wave packets implement an information processing scheme with negligible residual heat loss. We have captured microscale magnetization dynamics of single spin-wave packets in metallic ferromagnets in space and time. Using an optically driven high-current picosecond pulse source in combination with time-resolved scanning Kerr microscopy probed by femtosecond laser pulses, we demonstrate phase-sensitive real-space observation of spin-wave packets in confined permalloy (Ni80Fe20) microstripes. Impulsive excitation permits extraction of the dynamical parameters, i.e. phase- and group velocities, frequencies and wave vectors. In addition to well-established Damon-Eshbach modes our study reveals waves with counterpropagating group- and phase-velocities. Such unusual spin-wave motion is expected for backward volume modes where the phase fronts approach the excitation volume rather than emerging out of it due to the negative slope of the dispersion relation. These modes are difficult to excite and observe directly but feature analogies to negative refractive index materials, thus enabling model studies of wave propagation inside metamaterials.

  17. Direct observation of isolated Damon-Eshbach and backward volume spin-wave packets in ferromagnetic microstripes

    PubMed Central

    Wessels, Philipp; Vogel, Andreas; Tödt, Jan-Niklas; Wieland, Marek; Meier, Guido; Drescher, Markus

    2016-01-01

    The analysis of isolated spin-wave packets is crucial for the understanding of magnetic transport phenomena and is particularly interesting for applications in spintronic and magnonic devices, where isolated spin-wave packets implement an information processing scheme with negligible residual heat loss. We have captured microscale magnetization dynamics of single spin-wave packets in metallic ferromagnets in space and time. Using an optically driven high-current picosecond pulse source in combination with time-resolved scanning Kerr microscopy probed by femtosecond laser pulses, we demonstrate phase-sensitive real-space observation of spin-wave packets in confined permalloy (Ni80Fe20) microstripes. Impulsive excitation permits extraction of the dynamical parameters, i.e. phase- and group velocities, frequencies and wave vectors. In addition to well-established Damon-Eshbach modes our study reveals waves with counterpropagating group- and phase-velocities. Such unusual spin-wave motion is expected for backward volume modes where the phase fronts approach the excitation volume rather than emerging out of it due to the negative slope of the dispersion relation. These modes are difficult to excite and observe directly but feature analogies to negative refractive index materials, thus enabling model studies of wave propagation inside metamaterials. PMID:26906113

  18. Recovery of DNA from latent fingerprint tape lifts archived against matte acetate.

    PubMed

    Steadman, Shelly A; Hoofer, Steven R; Geering, Sarah C; King, Stephanie; Bennett, Marc A

    2015-05-01

    This study was driven by court order to examine methods to remove, extract, and STR-type potential DNA entrapped between latent fingerprint lifting tape and matte acetate that was collected from a 1977 crime scene. Results indicate that recovery of appreciable quantities of DNA is more challenging once adhesive is attached to matte acetate cards and even more difficult when fixed following black powder enhancement. STR amplification of extracts from entrapped fingermarks collected following the dusting/lifting procedure did not produce robust profiles, and extraneous peaks not expressed by print donors were detected for some samples. A hearing was set to argue whether there was DNA remaining to be tested, and if so, whether that DNA could be exculpatory in this postconviction matter. The studies herein provided the basis for the court's decision to not require the testing. © 2015 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

  19. Recovery Act update from Sr. Advisor Matt Rogers -- End of Obligations

    ScienceCinema

    Rogers, Matt

    2016-07-12

    Senior Advisor to the Secretary for Recovery Act Implementation Matt Rogers shares his thoughts as the Recovery Act reaches a critical milestone -- the end of the 2010 fiscal year and the last day to obligation contract and grant funding under the Recovery Act. For more information about the Recovery Act at the Department of Energy: http://www.energy.gov/recovery Follow the Department of Energy! http://facebook.com/energygov http://twitter.com/energy

  20. Recovery Act update from Sr. Advisor Matt Rogers -- End of Obligations

    SciTech Connect

    Rogers, Matt

    2010-01-01

    Senior Advisor to the Secretary for Recovery Act Implementation Matt Rogers shares his thoughts as the Recovery Act reaches a critical milestone -- the end of the 2010 fiscal year and the last day to obligation contract and grant funding under the Recovery Act. For more information about the Recovery Act at the Department of Energy: http://www.energy.gov/recovery Follow the Department of Energy! http://facebook.com/energygov http://twitter.com/energy

  1. Evolutionary transitions and mechanisms of matte and iridescent plumage coloration in grackles and allies (Icteridae)

    PubMed Central

    Shawkey, Matthew D; Hauber, Mark E; Estep, Laura K; Hill, Geoffrey E

    2006-01-01

    Iridescent structural colour is found in a wide variety of organisms. In birds, the mechanisms that create these colours are diverse, but all are based on ordered arrays of melanin granules within a keratin substrate in barbules. The feathers of the grackles and allies in the family Icteridae range in appearance from matte black to iridescent. In a phylogenetic analysis of this clade, we identified several evolutionary transitions between these colour states. To describe a possible mechanistic explanation for the lability of plumage coloration, we used spectrometry, transmission electron microscopy and thin-film optical modelling of the feathers of 10 icterid species from five genera, including taxa with matte black or iridescent feathers. In matte black species, melanin was densely packed in barbules, while in iridescent species, melanin granules were arranged in ordered layers around the edges of barbules. The structured arrangement of melanin granules in iridescent species created optical interfaces, which are shown by our optical models to be critical for iridescent colour production by coherent scattering. These data imply that rearrangement of melanin granules in barbules is a mechanism for shifts between black and iridescent colours, and that the relative simplicity of this mechanism may explain the lability of plumage colour state within this group. PMID:17015306

  2. Treating children with affect dysregulation. Discussion of Dr. Wendy Olesker's analysis of Matt.

    PubMed

    Yanof, Judith A

    2012-01-01

    This paper is a discussion of Dr. Wendy Olesker's sensitive analytic treatment of an impulsive, affectively dysregulated, preschool child. Drawing on her knowledge and understanding of developmental interference, trauma, and conflict, Dr. Olesker uses a variety of nonverbal, interpretative, developmental, and play techniques during the analysis to help this boy progress in his development. She also works with the parents collaboratively as part of the therapeutic process. Because Dr. Olesker's description of Matt might easily fit a diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, it is suggested that child analysts recognize the usefulness of considering child analysis when they are evaluating or treating children with this diagnosis.

  3. Verification of the Multi-Axial, Temperature and Time Dependent (MATT) Failure Criterion

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Richardson, David E.; Macon, David J.

    2005-01-01

    An extensive test and analytical effort has been completed by the Space Shuttle's Reusable Solid Rocket Motor (KSKM) nozzle program to characterize the failure behavior of two epoxy adhesives (TIGA 321 and EA946). As part of this effort, a general failure model, the "Multi-Axial, Temperature, and Time Dependent" or MATT failure criterion was developed. In the initial development of this failure criterion, tests were conducted to provide validation of the theory under a wide range of test conditions. The purpose of this paper is to present additional verification of the MATT failure criterion, under new loading conditions for the adhesives TIGA 321 and EA946. In many cases, the loading conditions involve an extrapolation from the conditions under which the material models were originally developed. Testing was conducted using three loading conditions: multi-axial tension, torsional shear, and non-uniform tension in a bondline condition. Tests were conducted at constant and cyclic loading rates ranging over four orders of magnitude. Tests were conducted under environmental conditions of primary interest to the RSRM program. The temperature range was not extreme, but the loading ranges were extreme (varying by four orders of magnitude). It should be noted that the testing was conducted at temperatures below the glass transition temperature of the TIGA 321 adhesive. However for the EA946, the testing was conducted at temperatures that bracketed the glass transition temperature.

  4. Symmetric frenzy and catastrophic change: a consideration of primitive mental states in the wake of Bion and Matte Blanco.

    PubMed

    Lombardi, Riccardo

    2009-06-01

    The author explores the connections between Matte Blanco's notion of symmetric frenzy, i.e. the turbulence characteristic of the deepest levels of mental functioning, and Bion's concept of catastrophic change. For Bion, mental links are retrieved from the formless darkness of infinity. With catastrophic change, emotional violence and the confining nature of representation come into conflict, leaving the subject prey to an explosiveness that paralyses mental resources. Matte Blanco identifies indivisibility as the abyss in which all differentiation ceases; he bases his model on the conflict between symmetry and asymmetry. Infinity, he maintains, is where the first forms of mentalization develop. Both Bion and Matte Blanco emphasize the contrast between the immensity of mental space and the spatio-temporal order introduced by the activation of thinking functions. The author presents clinical material from the analysis of a psychotic patient, stressing the need to encourage both working through the defect of thinking (Bion) and 'unfolding' manifestations of symmetry (Matte Blanco) so as to foster the activation of the resources of thought, meanwhile postponing transference interpretation. He concludes with two later sessions, in which recognition of the analyst in the transference allows the analysand to develop his capacity for containment and asymmetric differentiation.

  5. Improved Multi-Axial, Temperature and Time Dependent (MATT) Failure Model

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Richardson, D. E.; Anderson, G. L.; Macon, D. J.

    2002-01-01

    An extensive effort has recently been completed by the Space Shuttle's Reusable Solid Rocket Motor (RSRM) nozzle program to completely characterize the effects of multi-axial loading, temperature and time on the failure characteristics of three filled epoxy adhesives (TIGA 321, EA913NA, EA946). As part of this effort, a single general failure criterion was developed that accounted for these effects simultaneously. This model was named the Multi- Axial, Temperature, and Time Dependent or MATT failure criterion. Due to the intricate nature of the failure criterion, some parameters were required to be calculated using complex equations or numerical methods. This paper documents some simple but accurate modifications to the failure criterion to allow for calculations of failure conditions without complex equations or numerical techniques.

  6. Technical Note: On the Matt-Shuttleworth approach to estimate crop water requirements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lhomme, J. P.; Boudhina, N.; Masmoudi, M. M.

    2014-11-01

    The Matt-Shuttleworth method provides a way to make a one-step estimate of crop water requirements with the Penman-Monteith equation by translating the crop coefficients, commonly available in United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) publications, into equivalent surface resistances. The methodology is based upon the theoretical relationship linking crop surface resistance to a crop coefficient and involves the simplifying assumption that the reference crop evapotranspiration (ET0) is equal to the Priestley-Taylor estimate with a fixed coefficient of 1.26. This assumption, used to eliminate the dependence of surface resistance on certain weather variables, is questionable; numerical simulations show that it can lead to substantial differences between the true value of surface resistance and its estimate. Consequently, the basic relationship between surface resistance and crop coefficient, without any assumption, appears to be more appropriate for inferring crop surface resistance, despite the interference of weather variables.

  7. ISACONVERT™—Continuous converting of nickel/PGM matte with calcium ferrite slag

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bakker, M. L.; Nikolic, S.; Alvear, G. R. F.

    2011-05-01

    The ISASMELT™ process is a top submerged lance (TSL) bath smelting technology which has been developed and optimized over the last 25 years. By the end of 2011, the total installed capacity of the ISASMELT technology will exceed 9,000,000 tonnes per year of feed materials in copper and lead smelters around the world. Commercial plants, operating in Belgium and Germany, are also batch converting copper materials in ISASMELT furnaces. This TSL technology is equally effective for continuous converting processes, whereupon it is called ISACONVERT™. Xstrata Technology (XT) has recently patented a new ISACONVERT process for the continuous converting of nickel/platinum group metal (PGM) mattes using the calcium ferrite slag system. This paper outlines the development of this new process and presents a conceptual flowsheet for how it can be integrated into an existing nickel/PGM smelter.

  8. Efficient and selective recovery of Ni, Cu, and Co from low-nickel matte via a hydrometallurgical process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Guang-ju; Gao, Jian-ming; Zhang, Mei; Guo, Min

    2017-03-01

    Low-nickel matte was intensively characterized, and Ni, Cu, and Co were determined to exist mainly as (Fe,Ni)9S8 and FeNi3, Cu5FeS4, and (Fe,Ni)9S8 and Fe3O4 (in isomorphic form), respectively. The efficient and selective extraction of Ni, Cu, and Co from the low-nickel matte in an (NH4)2S2O8/NH3·H2O solution system was studied. The effects of (NH4)2S2O8 and NH3·H2O concentrations, leaching time, and leaching temperature on the metal extraction efficiency were systematically investigated. During the oxidative ammonia leaching process, the metal extraction efficiencies of Ni 81.07%, Cu 93.81%, and Co 71.74% were obtained under the optimal conditions. The relatively low leaching efficiency of Ni was mainly ascribed to NiFe alloy deactivation in ammonia solution. By introducing an acid pre-leaching process into the oxidative ammonia leaching process, we achieved the high extraction efficiencies of 98.03%, 99.13%, and 85.60% for the valuable metals Ni, Cu, and Co, respectively, from the low-nickel matte.

  9. Evaluation of a Multi-Axial, Temperature, and Time Dependent (MATT) Failure Model

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Richardson, D. E.; Anderson, G. L.; Macon, D. J.; Rudolphi, Michael (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    To obtain a better understanding the response of the structural adhesives used in the Space Shuttle's Reusable Solid Rocket Motor (RSRM) nozzle, an extensive effort has been conducted to characterize in detail the failure properties of these adhesives. This effort involved the development of a failure model that includes the effects of multi-axial loading, temperature, and time. An understanding of the effects of these parameters on the failure of the adhesive is crucial to the understanding and prediction of the safety of the RSRM nozzle. This paper documents the use of this newly developed multi-axial, temperature, and time (MATT) dependent failure model for modeling failure for the adhesives TIGA 321, EA913NA, and EA946. The development of the mathematical failure model using constant load rate normal and shear test data is presented. Verification of the accuracy of the failure model is shown through comparisons between predictions and measured creep and multi-axial failure data. The verification indicates that the failure model performs well for a wide range of conditions (loading, temperature, and time) for the three adhesives. The failure criterion is shown to be accurate through the glass transition for the adhesive EA946. Though this failure model has been developed and evaluated with adhesives, the concepts are applicable for other isotropic materials.

  10. A Phenomenological Perspective of Educating Students at the Matt Garcia Learning Center: Resiliency Development, Responsibility Development and Relationship Building Development Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez, Robert Anthony

    2013-01-01

    The professional educators of Matt Garcia Learning Center (MGLC) have undertaken a monumental task of providing education to students considered to be significantly at-risk in a public school of choice. These educators are focusing on quelling the "negative success trajectory" prevalent for each of the students of MGLC. Understanding the…

  11. Calculation of Distribution Coefficients of Cobalt and Copper in Matte and Slag Phases in Reduction-Vulcanization Process of Copper Converter Slag

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Du, Ke; Li, Hongxu; Zhang, Mingming

    2017-08-01

    Copper and cobalt are two of the most valuable metals that can be recovered from copper converter slag. In the reduction-vulcanization process, copper is reduced before cobalt, while FeS vulcanizes Cu2O into Cu2S and forms the matte phase. The matte phase can dissolve the reduced metals as solvent. In this study, the distribution coefficient of cobalt between metallic cobalt in matte and CoO in slag, namely L Co, was calculated to be 5000-8500 at the reaction temperature of 1600-1700 K, while the distribution coefficient between CoS and CoO, namely L_{Co}^{{^' } }} , was calculated to be between 6 and 8. The distribution coefficient of copper between metallic copper in matte and Cu2O in slag, namely L Cu, was calculated to be in the range of 7500-8500, while the coefficient between Cu2S and Cu2O, namely L_{Cu}^{{^' } }} , was calculated to be in the range of 60,000-75,000.

  12. A Phenomenological Perspective of Educating Students at the Matt Garcia Learning Center: Resiliency Development, Responsibility Development and Relationship Building Development Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez, Robert Anthony

    2013-01-01

    The professional educators of Matt Garcia Learning Center (MGLC) have undertaken a monumental task of providing education to students considered to be significantly at-risk in a public school of choice. These educators are focusing on quelling the "negative success trajectory" prevalent for each of the students of MGLC. Understanding the…

  13. Transformation/dissolution characteristics of a nickel matte and nickel concentrates for acute and chronic hazard classification.

    PubMed

    Skeaff, James M; Beaudoin, Robert

    2015-01-01

    For the purposes of aquatic hazard classification under the United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification (UNGHS), we have examined the transformation/dissolution (T/D) characteristics of a Ni matte and 4 Ni concentrates at pH 6 using the United Nations (UN) Transformation/Dissolution Protocol (T/DP) for metals and sparingly soluble metal compounds. Among the analytes Ni, Co, and Cu, Ni was released into the T/D solutions in the highest concentrations and was thus the main driver in establishing the hazard classification. We applied an extrapolation-scaling approach to obtain concentrations of total dissolved Ni at low loadings of 0.1 and 0.01 mg/L for derivation of chronic classification outcomes in the European Union (EU) classification, labeling, and packaging (CLP) scheme. The T/D data would classify the Ni matte as Acute 2-Chronic 2 under the Globally Harmonized System (GHS) scheme, and Chronic 1 under the EU CLP. Three of the 4 Ni concentrates would classify as GHS Acute 2-Chronic 2 and EU CLP Chronic 2, whereas the 4th would classify as GHS Acute 3-Chronic 3 and EU CLP Chronic 3. In applying the critical surface area (CSA) approach to the Ni concentrates, acute and chronic hazard classification outcomes were the same as those derived from direct application of the T/D data to the GHS and EU schemes. Such agreement provided confidence that the CSA approach could yield scientifically defensible acute and chronic hazard classification outcomes.

  14. Experimental Investigation of Gas/Slag/Matte/Tridymite Equilibria in the Cu-Fe-O-S-Si System in Controlled Atmospheres: Development of Technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fallah-Mehrjardi, Ata; Hidayat, Taufiq; Hayes, Peter C.; Jak, Evgueni

    2017-08-01

    The majority of primary pyrometallurgical copper making processes involve the formation of two immiscible liquid phases, i.e., matte product and the slag phase. There are significant gaps and discrepancies in the phase equilibria data of the slag and the matte systems due to issues and difficulties in performing the experiments and phase analysis. The present study aims to develop an improved experimental methodology for accurate characterisation of gas/slag/matte/tridymite equilibria in the Cu-Fe-O-S-Si system under controlled atmospheres. The experiments involve high-temperature equilibration of synthetic mixtures on silica substrates in CO/CO2/SO2/Ar atmospheres, rapid quenching of samples into water, and direct composition measurement of the equilibrium phases using Electron Probe X-ray Microanalysis (EPMA). A four-point-test procedure was applied to ensure the achievement of equilibrium, which included the following: (i) investigation of equilibration as a function of time, (ii) assessment of phase homogeneity, (iii) confirmation of equilibrium by approaching from different starting conditions, and (iv) systematic analysis of the reactions specific to the system. An iterative improved experimental methodology was developed using this four-point-test approach to characterize the complex multi-component, multi-phase equilibria with high accuracy and precision. The present study is a part of a broader overall research program on the characterisation of the multi-component (Cu-Fe-O-S-Si-Al-Ca-Mg), multi-phase (gas/slag/matte/metal/solids) systems with minor elements (Pb, Zn, As, Bi, Sn, Sb, Ag, and Au).

  15. Regeneration patterns of European oak species (Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl., Quercus robur L.) in dependence of environment and neighborhood.

    PubMed

    Annighöfer, Peter; Beckschäfer, Philip; Vor, Torsten; Ammer, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Quercus robur L. (pedunculate oak) and Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl. (sessile oak) are two European oak species of great economic and ecological importance. Even though both oaks have wide ecological amplitudes of suitable growing conditions, forests dominated by oaks often fail to regenerate naturally. The regeneration performance of both oak species is assumed to be subject to a variety of variables that interact with one another in complex ways. The novel approach of this research was to study the effect of many ecological variables on the regeneration performance of both oak species together and identify key variables and interactions for different development stages of the oak regeneration on a large scale in the field. For this purpose, overstory and regeneration inventories were conducted in oak dominated forests throughout southern Germany and paired with data on browsing, soil, and light availability. The study was able to verify the assumption that the occurrence of oak regeneration depends on a set of variables and their interactions. Specifically, combinations of site and stand specific variables such as light availability, soil pH and iron content on the one hand, and basal area and species composition of the overstory on the other hand. Also browsing pressure was related to oak abundance. The results also show that the importance of variables and their combinations differs among the development stages of the regeneration. Light availability becomes more important during later development stages, whereas the number of oaks in the overstory is important during early development stages. We conclude that successful natural oak regeneration is more likely to be achieved on sites with lower fertility and requires constantly controlling overstory density. Initially sufficient mature oaks in the overstory should be ensured. In later stages, overstory density should be reduced continuously to meet the increasing light demand of oak seedlings and saplings.

  16. Cleaning of a copper matte smelting slag from a water-jacket furnace by direct reduction of heavy metals.

    PubMed

    Maweja, Kasonde; Mukongo, Tshikele; Mutombo, Ilunga

    2009-05-30

    Cleaning experiments of a copper matte smelting slag from the water-jacket furnace was undertaken by direct reduction in a laboratory-scale electric furnace. The effects of coal-to-slag ratio, w, and the reduction time, t, were considered for two different coal/slag mixing procedures. In the first procedure, metallurgical coal was added to the molten slag, whereas in the second procedure, coal was premixed with the solid slag before charging into the furnace. The recovery of heavy metals (Cu, Co), and the fuming of Pb and Zn were investigated. Contamination of the metal phase by iron and the acidity index of the final slag were analysed as these may impede the economical viability of the process. The lower w value of 2.56% yielded a recovery rate of less than 60% for copper and less than 50% for cobalt, and around 70% for zinc. However, increasing w to 5% allowed the recovery of 70-90% for Cu, Co and Zn simultaneously after 30-60 min reduction of the molten slag. After reduction, the cleaned slags contained only small amounts of copper and cobalt (<0.4 wt%). Fuming of lead and zinc was efficient as the %Pb of the residual slag dropped to levels lower than 0.04% after 30 min of reduction. Ninety percent of the lead was removed from the initial slag and collected in the dusts. The zinc content of the cleaned slags quickly dropped to between 1 and 3 wt% from the initial 8.2% after 30 min reduction for w value of 5 and after 60 min reduction for w value of 2.56. The dusts contained about 60% Zn and 10% Pb. Recovery of lead from fuming of the slag was higher than 90% in all the experimental conditions considered in this study.

  17. Regeneration Patterns of European Oak Species (Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl., Quercus robur L.) in Dependence of Environment and Neighborhood

    PubMed Central

    Annighöfer, Peter; Beckschäfer, Philip; Vor, Torsten; Ammer, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Quercus robur L. (pedunculate oak) and Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl. (sessile oak) are two European oak species of great economic and ecological importance. Even though both oaks have wide ecological amplitudes of suitable growing conditions, forests dominated by oaks often fail to regenerate naturally. The regeneration performance of both oak species is assumed to be subject to a variety of variables that interact with one another in complex ways. The novel approach of this research was to study the effect of many ecological variables on the regeneration performance of both oak species together and identify key variables and interactions for different development stages of the oak regeneration on a large scale in the field. For this purpose, overstory and regeneration inventories were conducted in oak dominated forests throughout southern Germany and paired with data on browsing, soil, and light availability. The study was able to verify the assumption that the occurrence of oak regeneration depends on a set of variables and their interactions. Specifically, combinations of site and stand specific variables such as light availability, soil pH and iron content on the one hand, and basal area and species composition of the overstory on the other hand. Also browsing pressure was related to oak abundance. The results also show that the importance of variables and their combinations differs among the development stages of the regeneration. Light availability becomes more important during later development stages, whereas the number of oaks in the overstory is important during early development stages. We conclude that successful natural oak regeneration is more likely to be achieved on sites with lower fertility and requires constantly controlling overstory density. Initially sufficient mature oaks in the overstory should be ensured. In later stages, overstory density should be reduced continuously to meet the increasing light demand of oak seedlings and saplings

  18. Experimental Investigation of Gas/Slag/Matte/Tridymite Equilibria in the Cu-Fe-O-S-Si System in Controlled Gas Atmospheres: Experimental Results at 1473 K (1200 °C) and P(SO2) = 0.25 atm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fallah-Mehrjardi, Ata; Hidayat, Taufiq; Hayes, Peter C.; Jak, Evgueni

    2017-08-01

    Experimental studies were undertaken to determine the gas/slag/matte/tridymite equilibria in the Cu-Fe-O-S-Si system at 1473 K (1200 °C), P(SO2) = 0.25 atm, and a range of P(O2)'s. The experimental methodology involved high-temperature equilibration using a substrate support technique in controlled gas atmospheres (CO/CO2/SO2/Ar), rapid quenching of equilibrium phases, followed by direct measurement of the chemical compositions of the phases with Electron Probe X-ray Microanalysis (EPMA). The experimental data for slag and matte were presented as a function of copper concentration in matte (matte grade). The data provided are essential for the evaluation of the effect of oxygen potential under controlled atmosphere on the matte grade, liquidus composition of slag and chemically dissolved copper in slag. The new data provide important accurate and reliable quantitative foundation for improvement of the thermodynamic databases for copper-containing systems.

  19. Using “Sub-cement” to simulate the long-term fatigue response of cemented femoral stems in a cadaver model: could a novel pre-clinical screening test have caught the Exeter matte problem?

    PubMed Central

    Race, Amos; Miller, Mark A.; Mann, Kenneth A.

    2010-01-01

    Previously, we formulated cement with degraded fatigue properties (sub-cement) to simulate long-term fatigue in short-term cadaver tests. The present study determined the efficacy of sub-cement in a `pre-clinical' test of a design change with known clinical consequences: the “polished” to “matte” transition of the Exeter stem (revision rates were twice as high for matte stems). Contemporary stems were bead-blasted to give Ra=1micron (matte finish). Matte and polished stems were compared in cadaver pairs under stair-climbing loads (3 pairs size-1, 3 pairs size-3). Stem micromotion was monitored during loading. Post-test, transverse sections were examined for cement damage. Cyclic retroversion decreased for polished stems but increased for matte stems (p<0.0001). Implant size had a substantial effect: retroversion of (larger) size-3 stems was half that of size-1 stems and polished size-3 stems subsided 2½ times more than the others. Cement damage measures were similar and open through-cracks occurred around both stems of two pairs. Stem retroversion within the mantle resulted in stem-cement gaps of 50–150microns. Combining information on cyclic motion, cracks, and gaps, we concluded that this test `predicted' higher revision rates for matte stems (it also implied that polished size-3 stems might be superior to size-1). PMID:20476506

  20. Sulfurization of Fe-Ni-Cu-Co Alloy to Matte Phase by Carbothermic Reduction of Calcium Sulfate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeong, Eui Hyuk; Nam, Chul Woo; Park, Kyung Ho; Park, Joo Hyun

    2016-04-01

    Calcium sulfate (CaSO4) is proposed as an alternative sulfur source to convert the Fe-Ni-Cu-Co alloy to the matte phase. Solid carbon was used as a reducing agent and the influence of oxide fluxes on the sulfurization efficiency at 1673 K (1400 °C) in a CO-CO2-SO2-Ar atmosphere was investigated. When CaSO4 was equilibrated with the Fe-Ni-Cu-Co alloy without any reducing agent, it was reduced by Fe in the liquid alloy, resulting in the formation of FeS. The sulfurization efficiency was about 56 pct, even though an excess amount of CaSO4 (gypsum equivalent, G eq = 1.7) was added. Adding solid carbon as the reducing agent significantly shortened the equilibration time from 36 to 3.5 hours and increased the sulfurization efficiency from 56 to 91 pct, even though the amount of carbon was lower than the theoretical equivalent for carbothermic reduction of CaSO4, viz. C eq = 0.7. Although CaS (not FeS) was formed as a primary reaction product, it continuously reacted with CaSO4, forming CaO-rich slag. Neither the carbothermic reduction time nor the sulfurization efficiency were affected by the addition of Al2O3 (-SiO2) fluxes, but the equilibration time fell to 2.5 hours with the addition of Al2O3-Fe2O3 flux because the former systems produced primarily calcium silicate and calcium aluminate, which have relatively high melting points, whereas the latter system produced calcium ferrite, which has a lower melting point. Consequently, calcium sulfate (waste gypsum) can replace expensive pure sulfur as a raw material in the sulfurization of Fe-Ni-Cu-Co alloy with small amounts of iron oxide (Fe2O3) as a flux material. The present results can be used to improve the recovery of rare metals, such as Ni and Co, from deep sea manganese nodules.

  1. Total hip arthroplasty with cement and use of a collared matte-finish femoral component: nineteen to twenty-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Callaghan, John J; Liu, Steve S; Firestone, Daniel E; Yehyawi, Tameem M; Goetz, Devon D; Sullivan, Jason; Vittetoe, David A; O'Rourke, Michael R; Johnston, Richard C

    2008-02-01

    In the mid- to late 1970s, on the basis of laboratory and finite element data, many surgeons in the United States began using collared matte-finish femoral components and metal-backed acetabular components in their total hip arthroplasties. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term results of the use of one such construct in arthroplasties performed by a single surgeon in a consecutive nonselected patient cohort. Between January 1984 and December 1985, 273 patients underwent a total of 304 consecutive nonselected total hip arthroplasties with cement and use of the Iowa femoral component (which is collared, has a proximal cobra shape, and has a matte finish) and a metal-backed TiBac acetabular component performed by a single surgeon. At nineteen to twenty years postoperatively, only two patients (two hips) were lost to follow-up. For clinical evaluation, we attempted to interview all living patients and the families of the patients who had died to verify the status of the hip prosthesis or any revisions. Radiographic evaluation consisted of analysis for loosening and osteolysis as well as wear of the acetabular component. At the time of the nineteen to twenty-year follow-up, the rate of revision of the arthroplasty for any reason was 10.5% (thirty-two hips) for all patients and 25% (twenty-three hips) for living patients. The rate of revision due to aseptic femoral loosening was 2.6% (eight hips). There was radiographic evidence of loosening of the femoral component in fifteen hips (4.9%), including those that were revised, and femoral osteolysis was seen distal to the trochanters in twenty-two hips (7.2%). The rate of revision due to aseptic loosening of the acetabular component was 7.9% (twenty-four hips), and there was radiographic evidence of acetabular loosening in forty-two hips (13.8%), including those that were revised. This study demonstrates the durability of a cemented matte-finish collared femoral component at twenty years postoperatively

  2. Letter to the editor concerning the article "Effects of acoustic feedback training in elite-standard Para-Rowing" by Schaffert and Mattes (2015).

    PubMed

    Hill, Holger

    2015-01-01

    In a case study, Schaffert and Mattes reported the application of acoustic feedback (sonification) to optimise the time course of boat acceleration. The authors attributed an increased boat speed in the feedback condition to an optimised boat acceleration (mainly during the recovery phase). However, in rowing it is biomechanically impossible to increase the boat speed significantly by reducing the fluctuations in boat acceleration during the rowing cycle. To assess such a, potentially small, optimising effect experimentally, the confounding variables must be controlled very accurately (that is especially the propulsive forces must be kept constant between experimental conditions or the differences in propulsive forces between conditions must be much smaller than the effects on boat speed resulting from an optimised movement pattern). However, this was not controlled adequately by the authors. Instead, the presented boat acceleration data show that the increased boat speed under acoustic feedback was due to increased propulsive forces.

  3. Negligible sulfur isotope fractionation during partial melting: Evidence from Garrett transform fault basalts, implications for the late-veneer and the hadean matte

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Labidi, J.; Cartigny, P.

    2016-10-01

    MORBs and ITLs record the 34S/32S ratio of their mantle source. The concept of sulfide melts segregating from the mantle, sinking and being added to the core during planetary differentiation was termed the 'Hadean Matte'. The segregation of sulfides from the mantle to the core during planetary differentiation could account for various geochemical features of the Earth's mantle. Based on S isotopic mass balance, we derive a lower and upper limit for the hadean matte. While the lower bound corresponds to a virtually negligible hadean matte, the upper limit is 3.36 ×1024gS (i.e. ∼10% of the bulk terrestrial S), which remains 5 to 10 times lower than previous estimates. This upper bound nonetheless requires high mantle S content >1000 ppm S before the extraction of the hadean matte. This suggestion would have chronological requirements, requiring any sulfide melt to have formed after the core extraction but before late accretion of the highly siderophile elements.

  4. MATTS- A Step Towards Model Based Testing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herpel, H.-J.; Willich, G.; Li, J.; Xie, J.; Johansen, B.; Kvinnesland, K.; Krueger, S.; Barrios, P.

    2016-08-01

    In this paper we describe a Model Based approach to testing of on-board software and compare it with traditional validation strategy currently applied to satellite software. The major problems that software engineering will face over at least the next two decades are increasing application complexity driven by the need for autonomy and serious application robustness. In other words, how do we actually get to declare success when trying to build applications one or two orders of magnitude more complex than today's applications. To solve the problems addressed above the software engineering process has to be improved at least for two aspects: 1) Software design and 2) Software testing. The software design process has to evolve towards model-based approaches with extensive use of code generators. Today, testing is an essential, but time and resource consuming activity in the software development process. Generating a short, but effective test suite usually requires a lot of manual work and expert knowledge. In a model-based process, among other subtasks, test construction and test execution can also be partially automated. The basic idea behind the presented study was to start from a formal model (e.g. State Machines), generate abstract test cases which are then converted to concrete executable test cases (input and expected output pairs). The generated concrete test cases were applied to an on-board software. Results were collected and evaluated wrt. applicability, cost-efficiency, effectiveness at fault finding, and scalability.

  5. Generating wave vector specific Damon-Eshbach spin waves in Py using a diffraction grating

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sklenar, J.; Bhat, V. S.; Tsai, C. C.; DeLong, L. E.; Ketterson, J. B.

    2012-07-01

    A patterned square silver antidot lattice on a thin uniform permalloy film facilitates direct coupling of a quasi-uniform microwave field to short wavelength magnetic modes. The resulting modes are studied as a function of both the magnitude and orientation (relative to the symmetry axes of the array) of an in-plane, external DC magnetic field. The observed modes are identified as surface spin waves with wavelengths matching the Fourier components of the silver array.

  6. Hey Matt! There's a "Reason" We Write Like Every Day!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toussant, Molly

    2007-01-01

    Fifth grade teacher Molly Toussant realized with chagrin that she habitually mouthed her precepts about teaching writing in the same rote way she had recited the Apostles' Creed in Sunday school, and that her students had no idea why they had to write "like every day." So she wrote this explication in which she shows, with many examples, how her…

  7. Light-induced magnetic precession in (Ga,Mn)As slabs: Hybrid standing-wave Damon-Eshbach modes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, D. M.; Ren, Y. H.; Liu, X.; Furdyna, J. K.; Grimsditch, M.; Merlin, R.

    2007-06-01

    Coherent oscillations associated with spin precessions were observed in ultrafast optical experiments on ferromagnetic (Ga,Mn)As films. Using a complete theoretical description of the processes by which light couples to the magnetization, values for the anisotropy constants and the spin stiffness were unambiguously determined from the data. Estimates for the hole-Mn exchange coupling are significantly larger than those previously reported. Results also reveal an important negative contribution to the energy due to surface anisotropy leading to excitations that are a mixture of bulk waves and surface modes.

  8. Court to Kid: Sorry, Matt, You Can't Say That at a School Assembly.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sendor, Benjamin

    1986-01-01

    Examines a United States Supreme Court decision upholding the Bethel, Washington, school district in disciplining a student for giving a sexually provocative speech. Refers to the 1969 decision in "Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District," in which students had been suspended for wearing symbols of opposition to the…

  9. The Feingold Diet: An Assessment of the Reviews by Mattes, by Kavale and Forness and Others.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rimland, Bernard

    1983-01-01

    The author responds to two other articles (EC 152 801 and 152 802) questioning the benefits of the Feingold diet as treatment for hyperactivity. He cites six weaknesses with studies evaluating the Feingold approach, including small dosage levels, failure to recognize and control relevant variables, and arbitrary negative conclusions. (CL)

  10. In Conversation with Sarah and Matt: Perspectives on Creating and Performing Original Music

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGillen, Christopher William

    2004-01-01

    This paper is the result of a research project that set out to document a group of adolescent musicians in a rural Australian secondary school as they wrote and performed their own music. The processes they developed are reflective of a cooperative approach to group composition where upwards of 21 students composed and "jammed" their way…

  11. Optimal decision making modeling for copper-matte Peirce-Smith converting process by means of data mining

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Yanpo; Peng, Xiaoqi; Tang, Ying; Hu, Zhikun

    2013-07-01

    To improve the operation level of copper converter, the approach to optimal decision making modeling for coppermatte converting process based on data mining is studied: in view of the characteristics of the process data, such as containing noise, small sample size and so on, a new robust improved ANN (artificial neural network) modeling method is proposed; taking into account the application purpose of decision making model, three new evaluation indexes named support, confidence and relative confidence are proposed; using real production data and the methods mentioned above, optimal decision making model for blowing time of S1 period (the 1st slag producing period) are developed. Simulation results show that this model can significantly improve the converting quality of S1 period, increase the optimal probability from about 70% to about 85%.

  12. Genome scanning for interspecific differentiation between two closely related oak species [Quercus robur L. and Q. petraea (Matt.) Liebl.].

    PubMed

    Scotti-Saintagne, Caroline; Mariette, Stéphanie; Porth, Ilga; Goicoechea, Pablo G; Barreneche, Teresa; Bodénès, Catherine; Burg, Kornel; Kremer, Antoine

    2004-11-01

    Interspecific differentiation values (G(ST)) between two closely related oak species (Quercus petraea and Q. robur) were compiled across different studies with the aim to explore the distribution of differentiation at the genome level. The study was based on a total set of 389 markers (isozymes, AFLPs, SCARs, microsatellites, and SNPs) for which allelic frequencies were estimated in pairs of populations sampled throughout the sympatric distribution of the two species. The overall distribution of G(ST) values followed an L-shaped curve with most markers exhibiting low species differentiation (G(ST) < 0.01) and only a few loci reaching >10% levels. Twelve percent of the loci exhibited significant G(ST) deviations to neutral expectations, suggesting that selection contributed to species divergence. Coding regions expressed higher differentiation than noncoding regions. Among the 389 markers, 158 could be mapped on the 12 linkage groups of the existing Q. robur genetic map. Outlier loci with large G(ST) values were distributed over 9 linkage groups. One cluster of three outlier loci was found within 0.51 cM; but significant autocorrelation of G(ST) was observed at distances <2 cM. The size and distribution of genomic regions involved in species divergence are discussed in reference to hitchhiking effects and disruptive selection.

  13. Genome Scanning for Interspecific Differentiation Between Two Closely Related Oak Species [Quercus robur L. and Q. petraea (Matt.) Liebl.

    PubMed Central

    Scotti-Saintagne, Caroline; Mariette, Stéphanie; Porth, Ilga; Goicoechea, Pablo G.; Barreneche, Teresa; Bodénès, Catherine; Burg, Kornel; Kremer, Antoine

    2004-01-01

    Interspecific differentiation values (GST) between two closely related oak species (Quercus petraea and Q. robur) were compiled across different studies with the aim to explore the distribution of differentiation at the genome level. The study was based on a total set of 389 markers (isozymes, AFLPs, SCARs, microsatellites, and SNPs) for which allelic frequencies were estimated in pairs of populations sampled throughout the sympatric distribution of the two species. The overall distribution of GST values followed an L-shaped curve with most markers exhibiting low species differentiation (GST < 0.01) and only a few loci reaching >10% levels. Twelve percent of the loci exhibited significant GST deviations to neutral expectations, suggesting that selection contributed to species divergence. Coding regions expressed higher differentiation than noncoding regions. Among the 389 markers, 158 could be mapped on the 12 linkage groups of the existing Q. robur genetic map. Outlier loci with large GST values were distributed over 9 linkage groups. One cluster of three outlier loci was found within 0.51 cM; but significant autocorrelation of GST was observed at distances <2 cM. The size and distribution of genomic regions involved in species divergence are discussed in reference to hitchhiking effects and disruptive selection. PMID:15579711

  14. Authors' response to the letter to the editor: "Effects of acoustic feedback training in elite-standard Para-Rowing" by Schaffert and Mattes (2015).

    PubMed

    Schaffert, Nina; Mattes, Klaus

    2015-01-01

    Our article in the Journal of Sports Sciences was designed to examine effects of auditory feedback on mean boat speed during on-water training of visually impaired athletes in elite-standard Para-Rowing. This aim is stated explicitly in the title, abstract, introduction and discussion section. The effects were analysed on the basis of a conservative approach to using inferential statistics by emphasising measures that communicate meaningful differences and effect sizes to help interpret the data's practical importance for sport competition. Biomechanical measurements have been combined with standardised questionnaires to assess the athletes' perceived experience during rowing with acoustic feedback. An application for high-performance rowing has already been used to successfully investigate the effects of acoustic feedback on the time structure of the rowing cycle during the recovery phase. In this response, we provide our comments to the concerns presented in the 'Letter to the Editor' along with a brief description of the issues that relate to research in high-performance sport.

  15. Strength, diversity and plasticity of postmating reproductive barriers between two hybridizing oak species (Quercus robur L. and Quercus petraea (Matt) Liebl.).

    PubMed

    Abadie, P; Roussel, G; Dencausse, B; Bonnet, C; Bertocchi, E; Louvet, J-M; Kremer, A; Garnier-Géré, Pauline

    2012-01-01

    Very little is known about the nature and strength of reproductive isolation (RI) in Quercus species, despite extensive research on the estimation and evolutionary significance of hybridization rates. We characterized postmating pre- and postzygotic RI between two hybridizing oak species, Quercus robur and Quercus petraea, using a large set of controlled crosses between different genotypes. Various traits potentially associated with reproductive barriers were quantified at several life history stages, from pollen-pistil interactions to seed set and progeny fitness-related traits. Results indicate strong intrinsic postmating prezygotic barriers, with significant barriers also at the postzygotic level, but relatively weaker extrinsic barriers on early hybrid fitness measures assessed in controlled conditions. Using general linear modelling of common garden data with clonal replicates, we showed that most traits exhibited important genotypic differences, as well as different levels of sensitivity to micro-environmental heterogeneity. These new findings suggest a large potential genetic diversity and plasticity of reproductive barriers and are confronted with hybridization evidence in these oak species.

  16. Helping Students Find a Sense of Purpose

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tully, Susan

    2009-01-01

    William Damon, a professor of education at Stanford University, has long advocated "character education" as a key component of school reform. The author of several books on the subject, his latest is "The Path to Purpose: Helping Our Children Find Their Calling in Life". In this article, the author presents an interview with Damon. He discusses…

  17. Developmental Consistencies in Children's Socio-Moral Knowledge: Justice Reasoning and Altruistic Behavior.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blotner, Roberta; Bearison, David J.

    This study examined the relationship between moral reasoning and altruistic behavior in 120 boys, 4- to 11-years old. Subjects were administered Damon's Positive- Justice Interview, and were presented helping and sharing tasks under five behavioral conditions corresponding to Damon's justice levels. Findings supported cognitive- developmental…

  18. Building on Treacherous Ground: Sense-of-Purpose Research and Demarcating Problematic Purposes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waddington, David I.

    2010-01-01

    Developmental psychologist Damon's (Damon, Menon, & Cotton Bronk, 2003) ongoing research program on youth purpose may have important practical implications for education. However, in the course of the development of this research, two fundamental conceptual questions have not yet been resolved satisfactorily: (a) How should "sense of purpose" be…

  19. Building on Treacherous Ground: Sense-of-Purpose Research and Demarcating Problematic Purposes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waddington, David I.

    2010-01-01

    Developmental psychologist Damon's (Damon, Menon, & Cotton Bronk, 2003) ongoing research program on youth purpose may have important practical implications for education. However, in the course of the development of this research, two fundamental conceptual questions have not yet been resolved satisfactorily: (a) How should "sense of purpose" be…

  20. A Diversity Visionary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Susan

    2012-01-01

    Today's chief diversity officer could be tomorrow's university president, says Dr. Damon Williams. The author profiles Damon Williams who shines as sought-after expert on issues surrounding higher education inclusion. As head of a diversity division with an eight-figure budget at Wisconsin's flagship state university, Williams oversees four…

  1. A Diversity Visionary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Susan

    2012-01-01

    Today's chief diversity officer could be tomorrow's university president, says Dr. Damon Williams. The author profiles Damon Williams who shines as sought-after expert on issues surrounding higher education inclusion. As head of a diversity division with an eight-figure budget at Wisconsin's flagship state university, Williams oversees four…

  2. The Impact of Turbulent Fluctuations on Light Propagation in a Controlled Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-07-01

    Turbulent Fluctuations on Light Propagation in a Controlled Environment 6, AUTHOR(S) Silvia Matt, Weilin Hou and Wesley Goode 5a. CONTRACT...controlled environment Silvia Matt ■’, Weilin Hou ^, and Wesley Goode ^ ^ National Research Council Postdoctoral Research Associate ^ Ocean Sciences...author: Silvia Matt: E-mail: silvia.matt.ctr@nrlssc.navy.mil 2X)\\^0U$’^%1 Ocean Sensing and Monitoring VI, edited by Weilin W. Hou, Robert A. Arnone

  3. Measurements of Turbulent Dissipation During the Bahamas Optical Turbulence Experiment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-07-16

    Bahamas Optical Turbulence Experiment 0601153N 73-6604-03-5 Silvia Matt, Weilin Hou, Sarah Woods, Ewa Jarosz, Wesley Goode and Alan Weidemann Naval...of turbulent dissipation during the Bahamas Optical Turbulence Experiment Silvia Matt 1,2, Weilin Hou 2, Sarah Woods 3, Ewa Jarosz 2, Wesley Goode 2...SPEC Inc., Boulder, CO, USA Corresponding author: Silvia Matt: E-mail: silvia.matt.ctr.de@nrlssc.navy.mil Figure 1. Location of stations during BOTEX

  4. ARC-2007-ACD07-0073-062

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2007-04-14

    Lunar CRater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) and P.I. at NASA Ames Research Center - Total Luminance Photometer shake test in N-244 EEL Laboratory; Gi Kojima foreground and Damon Flansbury in backgroud.

  5. 78 FR 68464 - Performance Review Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-14

    ..., Jemine A. Bryon, Stanley A. Gimont, John P. Benison, David R. Ziaya, Damon Y. Smith, Mary K. Kinney, Charles S. Coulter, Jean Lin Pao, Ricky T. Valentine, and Mary E. McBride as members of the Departmental...

  6. Spin Wave Diffraction and Perfect Imaging of a Grating

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mansfeld, S.; Topp, J.; Martens, K.; Toedt, J. N.; Hansen, W.; Heitmann, D.; Mendach, S.

    2012-01-01

    We study the diffraction of Damon-Eshbach-type spin waves incident on a one-dimensional grating realized by microslits in a thin Permalloy film. By means of time-resolved scanning Kerr microscopy, we observe unique diffraction patterns behind the grating which exhibit replications of the spin wave field at the slits. We show that these spin wave images, with details finer than the wavelength of the incident Damon-Eshbach spin wavelength, arise from the strongly anisotropic spin wave dispersion.

  7. Weight Measurements and Standards for Soldiers, Phase 2

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-10-01

    of Travel Nov12-14 2010 LANG Units throughout Louisiana Derrick Foster, Verdis Walker, Jonathan Zeno, Matt McGucken - Conduct LANG Drill...registration drives and promotions 17 Nov 2010 Monthly Camp Beau Meeting Derrick Foster, Verdis Walker, Jonathan Zeno, Matt McGucken, Dr...Louisiana Verdis Walker, Jonathan Zeno, Matt McGucken - Conduct LANG Drill registration drives and promotions Dec 15 2010 Monthly Camp Beau Meeting

  8. 2. Signal Tower, looking east. Delaware, Lackawanna & Western ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Signal Tower, looking east. - Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad, Scranton Yards, Mattes Street Signal Tower, 80 feet Southwest of Railroad Alley & Cedar Avenue, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA

  9. 3. West elevation of Signal Tower. Delaware, Lackawanna & ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. West elevation of Signal Tower. - Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad, Scranton Yards, Mattes Street Signal Tower, 80 feet Southwest of Railroad Alley & Cedar Avenue, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA

  10. Waves of Hope: The U.S. Navy’s Response to the Tsunami in Northern Indonesia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-02-01

    25. Matt Pottinger and Barry Wain , “U.S. Mili- tary Ties to Region Allowed Faster Re- sponse,” Asian Wall Street Journal, 10 January 2005. 26...Effort Picks Up on Indonesian Coast.” New York Times, 4 January 2005. Pottinger, Matt, and Barry Wain . “U.S. Military Ties to Region Allowed Faster

  11. Theory of unidirectional spin heat conveyer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adachi, Hiroto; Maekawa, Sadamichi

    2015-05-01

    We theoretically investigate the unidirectional spin heat conveyer effect recently reported in the literature that emerges from the Damon-Eshbach spin wave on the surface of a magnetic material. We develop a simple phenomenological theory for heat transfer dynamics in a coupled system of phonons and the Damon-Eshbach spin wave, and demonstrate that there arises a direction-selective heat flow as a result of the competition between an isotropic heat diffusion by phonons and a unidirectional heat drift by the spin wave. The phenomenological approach can account for the asymmetric local temperature distribution observed in the experiment.

  12. Theory of unidirectional spin heat conveyer

    SciTech Connect

    Adachi, Hiroto Maekawa, Sadamichi

    2015-05-07

    We theoretically investigate the unidirectional spin heat conveyer effect recently reported in the literature that emerges from the Damon-Eshbach spin wave on the surface of a magnetic material. We develop a simple phenomenological theory for heat transfer dynamics in a coupled system of phonons and the Damon-Eshbach spin wave, and demonstrate that there arises a direction-selective heat flow as a result of the competition between an isotropic heat diffusion by phonons and a unidirectional heat drift by the spin wave. The phenomenological approach can account for the asymmetric local temperature distribution observed in the experiment.

  13. Exploring defocus matting: nonparametric acceleration, super-resolution, and off-center matting.

    PubMed

    Joshi, Neel; Matusik, Wojciech; Avidan, Shai; Pfister, Hanspeter; Freeman, William T

    2007-01-01

    Defocus matting is a fully automatic and passive method for pulling mattes from video captured with coaxial cameras that have different depths of field and planes of focus. Nonparametric sampling can accelerate the video-matting process from minutes to seconds per frame. In addition a super-resolution technique efficiently bridges the gap between mattes from high-resolution video cameras and those from low-resolution cameras. Off-center matting pulls mattes for an external high-resolution camera that doesn't share the same center of projection as the low-resolution cameras used to capture the defocus matting data.

  14. F-16 Speaker-Independent Speech Recognition System Using Cockpit Commands (70 Words)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-12-01

    speakers are Matt, Gary , Dave, Kris, and Debbie. The vocabulary list is shown in Figure 4.3. Notice the size of vocabulary is significantly increased from...Percent Debbie (Female) 4/10 40 Kris (Female) 2/10 20 Dave (Male) 8/10 80 Gary (Male) 6/10 60 * Matt (Male) 10/10 100 TOTAL 30/50 60 5-3 S I I for...Percent Debbie (Female) 8/10 80 Kris (Female) 3/10 30 Dave (Male) 5/10 50 Gary (Male) 8/10 80 * Matt (Male) 10/10 100 TOTAL 34/50 68 to the time length of

  15. Parenting Styles as They Relate to Self-Esteem and Adjustment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sigward, Timothy M.; And Others

    This study was conducted to examine the relationships between parental styles and the components of self-esteem that correspond to Damon and Hart's conceptualization of the self. Specifically, high levels of both parental control and parent acceptance were hypothesized to be positively related to self-esteem. Undergraduate students (N=225) rated…

  16. Global Kids Organizing in the Global City: Generation of Social Capital in a Youth Organizing Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Jesús, Anthony; Oviedo, Sofia; Feliz, Scarlett

    2015-01-01

    Positive youth development and youth organizing are strengths-based approaches to the lives, needs, and contributions of young people (Damon & Gregory, 2003). These approaches privilege the voices of youth as they engage with issues in their communities and challenge institutions to respond. Few studies, however, have explored the role of…

  17. ARC-2007-ACD07-0073-048

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2007-04-14

    Lunar CRater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) and P.I. at NASA Ames Research Center - Total Luminance Photometer lens and electronics units on shake table in N-2444 EEL Laboratory with (l) Gi Kojima (bk - middle) Damon Flansburg (r) Dana Lynch

  18. ARC-2007-ACD07-0073-044

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2007-04-14

    Lunar CRater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) and P.I. at NASA Ames Research Center - (l to r) Kim Ennico, Damon Flansburg and Gi Kojima check out the LCROSS Total Luminance Photometer lens and electronics attached to a metal plate in preparation for a vibe (vibration) test on the shake table in N-2444 EEL Laboratory

  19. 33 CFR 177.08 - Regulated boating areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... northward along the seaward shoreline to the beginning. (d) Columbia River Bar, Wash.-Oreg. From a point on.... thence northward to 46°55′00″ N., 124°03′30″ W. thence northwestward to Damon Point at 46°56′50″ N., 124...

  20. 33 CFR 177.08 - Regulated boating areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... northward along the seaward shoreline to the beginning. (d) Columbia River Bar, Wash.-Oreg. From a point on.... thence northward to 46°55′00″ N., 124°03′30″ W. thence northwestward to Damon Point at 46°56′50″ N., 124...

  1. 33 CFR 177.08 - Regulated boating areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... northward along the seaward shoreline to the beginning. (d) Columbia River Bar, Wash.-Oreg. From a point on.... thence northward to 46°55′00″ N., 124°03′30″ W. thence northwestward to Damon Point at 46°56′50″ N., 124...

  2. Self Concept in People with Williams Syndrome and Prader-Willi Syndrome

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plesa-Skwerer, Daniela; Sullivan, Kate; Joffre, Kristen; Tager-Flusberg, Helen

    2004-01-01

    This study explored self concepts in matched groups of adolescents and adults with Williams syndrome (WS) and Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), using Damon and Hart's [Self-understanding in Childhood and Adolescence, Cambridge University Press, New York, 1988] semi-structured interview. The main findings were that the WS participants were more…

  3. Creating a Classroom Community.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicholes, Daniel R.; Kubelick, Cheryl L.

    This manual for elementary school teachers discusses the stages of social reasoning and suggests methods for establishing a classroom and school-wide community to aid students in social reasoning and self-governance. The document contains five sections. Section one focuses on the stages of social reasoning according to William Damon: premoral…

  4. Intratask and Intertask Consistency of Moral Judgment Indices in First-, Third-, and Fifth-Grade Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, Sandra; Kurdek, Lawrence A.

    1979-01-01

    Damon's positive justice task, Selman's social-moral dilemmas, and a variation of Piaget's intent/consequence stories were administered to 72 elementary school students. Results showed that the level of moral reasoning increased with grade level, but inconsistencies in task performance were found at both the intratask and the intertask levels.…

  5. Learning to Share: How Literature Can Help.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krogh, Suzanne Lowell; Lamme, Linda Leonard

    1983-01-01

    Discusses elements of developmental theory needed in selecting literature for children, synthesizing Damon's (1977) and Selman's (1976) primary school stages. Criteria for choosing books about sharing are suggested, and an annotated list of books about sharing is offered along with suggestions for using the books. (RH)

  6. Moral Judgment, Self-Understanding, and Moral Actions: The Role of Multiple Constructs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Derryberry, W. Pitt; Thoma, Stephen J.

    2005-01-01

    Current models of moral functioning such as those of Rest (1983) and Damon and Hart (1988) have maintained that optimal moral development and consistent moral action require the presence of multiple constructs. In order to examine the importance of the presence of multiple variables relevant to moral functioning, structural equation modeling was…

  7. U.S. Space Program Benefits to Education. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Space of the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Science, Space and Technology.

    This hearing was held to review the educational benefits of the U.S. Space Program. Testimony was given by three panels of experts related to this topic. The three panels consisted of: (1) Daniel S. Goldin, Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA); Dan Brandenstein, Captain, U.S. Navy, NASA Astronaut; and Damon Butler,…

  8. "But What about Sharing?" Children's Literature and Moral Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krogh, Suzanne Lowell; Lamme, Linda Leonard

    1985-01-01

    Briefly states the stages of moral development in children (Damon 1977). Discusses ways in which children's literature dealing with social issues can help children reason about topics such as distributive justice. Identifies guidelines for related discussions and lists books and questions that stimulate discussion on sharing. (AS)

  9. Majority of Youths Found to Lack a Direction in Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Viadero, Debra

    2008-01-01

    A majority of young people are struggling to make the leap into adulthood, and educators, parents, and communities should make a more concerted effort to help rudderless youths find a clear direction and overarching sense of purpose, according to a new book by Stanford University psychologist William Damon. In "The Path to Purpose: Helping Our…

  10. Book Review. Studying Change in Children: Structuralist versus Interactionist Approaches.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Unruh, David R.

    1979-01-01

    Assesses points of disagreement and agreement between symbolic interactionist (Denzin, N. "Childhood Socialization," 1977) and structural-developmental psychologist (Damon, W. "The Social World of the Child," 1977). Argues that there are perhaps more points of convergence between the two perspectives than one would initially…

  11. Moral Education for Young Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stengel, Susan R.

    1982-01-01

    Provides an overview of Kohlberg's five stages of moral reasoning and Damon's levels of positive justice. Argues that a conditioning approach to moral development is inadequate, suggesting teaching methods for facilitating moral development based on helping children understand principles and reasons. (RH)

  12. The Development of Justice Conceptions and the Unavoidability of the Normative.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kristjansson, Kristjan

    2003-01-01

    Defines ways normative concerns enter into the design and interpretation of empirical research on children's development of justice conceptions. Emphasizes William Damon's stage theory of development. Suggests an alternative research program based on adjustments between the normative and the empirical. Argues this program must focus on children's…

  13. How Do We Teach What Is Right? Research and Issues in Ethical and Moral Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perry, Constance M.

    1996-01-01

    Enhances understanding of values-education issues by addressing research on moral and ethical development. Presents Damon's tripartite distinction among moral reflection, moral emotion, and moral conduct--head, heart, and habit--to show moral development's complexity. Although promoting prosocial behavior is parents' responsibility, literature is…

  14. A Winning Combination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthews, Frank J.

    2006-01-01

    Recently ranked among the 101 most influential minorities in sports by Sports Illustrated magazine, Damon Evans is the first Black athletic director in the history of the Southeastern Conference and one of the youngest athletic directors in the country. He oversees a $65 million budget and a program that includes 21 intercollegiate sports teams,…

  15. Achieving Inclusive Excellence: Strategies for Creating Real and Sustainable Change in Quality and Diversity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Damon A.

    2007-01-01

    Since the 1990s, the University of Connecticut has made several shifts in its culture and practice that have resulted in improved educational quality and greater success rates for students from traditionally underrepresented populations. Damon Williams shares his institution's approach. (Contains 4 notes.)

  16. Perspective Taking and Moral Judgment: A Developmental Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Diane T.; Serafica, Felicisima C.

    In this study of perspective taking and moral judgment 20 children (10 boys and 10 girls) at each age level between 4 and 10 years were given Feffer's Social Role-Taking Task, a spatial perspective-taking task and Damon's Test of Positive Justice. Investigated were: (1) the specific developmental sequences for role taking, spatial…

  17. Children's Concepts of Fair Sharing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huntsman, Robert W.

    1984-01-01

    The Damon hierarchy of development of children's sense of positive justice is examined for its usefulness in predicting fairness in behavior and reliability in age patterning of its stated levels of reasoning. The hierarchy's value as a developmental schedule for teacher guidance may be questionable. (Author)

  18. Temperature dependence of the spin wave in Co/CoO bilayers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moradi, H.

    Damon-Eschbach model is applied to analyze the frequency of spin waves in ferromagnetic layer in thin ferromagnetic/anti-ferromagnetic bilayers. In this model, the effect of anti-ferromagnetic order on ferromagnetic layer is taken into as the exchange biased in the effective field. Within this model I can explain a positive frequency shift upon reducing temperature.

  19. A Question of Ethics: Themes in the Science Fiction Genre.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNurlin, Kathleen Woitel

    1995-01-01

    Continues an article that began in the summer 1995 "Interdisciplinary Humanities." Examines ethical concerns about nuclear power, societal control, and prejudice articulated in science fiction literature. Authors studied include Ray Bradbury, Philip K. Dick, and Damon Knight. The earlier article covered literature concerned with ecology…

  20. An Ecological Validation of Social Cognitive Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Enright, Robert D.; Sutterfield, Sara J.

    Two classrooms of first graders (n-40) were administered Damon's moral judgment measure, Spivack and Shure's social problems solving measure and Stanford-Binet vocabulary. Concurrently, two observers recorded in the children's school environment incidences of successful resolutions of interactions, amount of derogation, and the number of times a…

  1. Missing Developmental Perspectives in Moral Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Kathryn.

    1987-01-01

    Three developmental perspectives complementary to Kohlberg's cognitive theory of moral development are addressed. The research of Damon, Selman, and Gilligan, is explained in light of their contributions to a more complete view of moral development. Implications of this research for moral education are discussed and a comprehensive model of moral…

  2. An Ecological Validation of Social Cognitive Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Enright, Robert D.; Sutterfield, Sara J.

    1980-01-01

    Two classrooms of first graders (N=40) were administered Damon's moral judgment measure, Shure and Spivack's social problem solving measure, and the Stanford-Binet vocabulary. Concurrently, two observers in the children's school environment recorded incidences of successful resolutions of interactions, amount of derogation, and the number of times…

  3. Volunteerism as Purpose: Examining the Long-Term Predictors of Continued Community Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barber, Carolyn; Mueller, Conrad T.; Ogata, Sachiko

    2013-01-01

    This study frames continued long-term participation in community engagement activities as indicative of a sense of "purpose" as defined by Damon, Menon, and Cotton Bronk (2003). Using data from US-based National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, we examined factors that predict whether students participating in civic engagement…

  4. An Exploratory Study on the Assessment of Pre-Service Teacher Dispositions by Teacher Education Programs in Iowa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brindle, Sharon Evans

    2012-01-01

    Problem: Within the higher education community there is discourse regarding teacher dispositions and the assessment of dispositions. Murray (2007) and Damon (2007) posited that additional scholarship and research were needed to provide a meaningful construct of dispositions. With this lack of consensus, teacher education programs need to explore…

  5. Volunteerism as Purpose: Examining the Long-Term Predictors of Continued Community Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barber, Carolyn; Mueller, Conrad T.; Ogata, Sachiko

    2013-01-01

    This study frames continued long-term participation in community engagement activities as indicative of a sense of "purpose" as defined by Damon, Menon, and Cotton Bronk (2003). Using data from US-based National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, we examined factors that predict whether students participating in civic engagement…

  6. The World We Want

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Handler, Philip

    1970-01-01

    This is the text of the Damon lecture which the author presented as the keynote address on the theme of the 1970 NSTA Annual Meeting. The great world problems of over-population, hunger, environmental pollution, and war and peace are discussed. The relationships between science, technology, and society are reviewed. The author asserts that…

  7. 75 FR 62518 - Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC; Notice of Application Ready for Environmental Analysis and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC; Notice of Application Ready for....: 12717-002. c. Date filed: May 27, 2009. d. Applicant: Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC. e. Name of...). h. Applicant Contact: Damon Zdunich, Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC, 801 Oakland Avenue,...

  8. 75 FR 62516 - Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC; Notice of Application Ready for Environmental Analysis and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC; Notice of Application Ready for....: 12626-002. c. Date filed: March 31, 2009. d. Applicant: Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC. e. Name of... Power Act, 16 U.S.C. 791 (a)-825(r). h. Applicant Contact: Damon Zdunich, Northern Illinois...

  9. Children's Concepts of Fair Sharing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huntsman, Robert W.

    1984-01-01

    The Damon hierarchy of development of children's sense of positive justice is examined for its usefulness in predicting fairness in behavior and reliability in age patterning of its stated levels of reasoning. The hierarchy's value as a developmental schedule for teacher guidance may be questionable. (Author)

  10. An Exploratory Study on the Assessment of Pre-Service Teacher Dispositions by Teacher Education Programs in Iowa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brindle, Sharon Evans

    2012-01-01

    Problem: Within the higher education community there is discourse regarding teacher dispositions and the assessment of dispositions. Murray (2007) and Damon (2007) posited that additional scholarship and research were needed to provide a meaningful construct of dispositions. With this lack of consensus, teacher education programs need to explore…

  11. The World We Want

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Handler, Philip

    1970-01-01

    This is the text of the Damon lecture which the author presented as the keynote address on the theme of the 1970 NSTA Annual Meeting. The great world problems of over-population, hunger, environmental pollution, and war and peace are discussed. The relationships between science, technology, and society are reviewed. The author asserts that…

  12. A Question of Ethics: Themes in the Science Fiction Genre.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNurlin, Kathleen Woitel

    1995-01-01

    Continues an article that began in the summer 1995 "Interdisciplinary Humanities." Examines ethical concerns about nuclear power, societal control, and prejudice articulated in science fiction literature. Authors studied include Ray Bradbury, Philip K. Dick, and Damon Knight. The earlier article covered literature concerned with ecology…

  13. ARC-2010-ACD10-0123-001

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2010-06-24

    Park Avenue Elementary Teachers Visit / Thank You for Donation of Computers. From left to right are Dennis Wingo, Skycorp, Damon Reid, Property Disposal Officer NASA Ames, Andy Dominguez, Property Disposal Specialist NASA Ames, Kenneth Zin, PKZ Corp. Pete Worden, Director, NASA Ames Research Center, Sergio Torres, Vice Principle Park Avenue Elementary, unkown, Betty Maxwell, Speech Languare Pathologist.

  14. Investigation into the effects of stainless steel ligature ties on the mechanical characteristics of conventional and self-ligated brackets subjected to torque.

    PubMed

    Al Fakir, Hussam; Carey, Jason P; Melenka, Garrett W; Nobes, David S; Heo, Giseon; Major, Paul W

    2014-09-01

    Torque is applied to orthodontic brackets in order to alter the buccal-lingual angulation of a tooth. One factor that can affect torque is the ligation mode used to retain the archwire in the bracket slot. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of stainless steel ligation on torque expression and bracket deformation. This study utilized 60 upper right central incisor Damon Q brackets and 60 Ormco Orthos Twin brackets. The brackets used in this study were subdivided into four groups: (1) Damon Q ligated with SS ligature; (2) Damon Q with the sliding bracket door; (3) Orthos Twin bracket ligated with SS wire; and (4) Orthos Twin ligated with elastic ties. All brackets were tested using an orthodontic torque simulating device that applied archwire rotation from 0° to 45°. All brackets ligated with stainless steel ties exhibited greater torque expression and less deformation than brackets without stainless steel ties. As well, Damon Q brackets exhibit less bracket deformation than Orthos Twin brackets. Stainless steel ties can reduce the amount of plastic deformation for both types of brackets used in this study. © 2014 British Orthodontic Society.

  15. 77 FR 66639 - Advisory Committee on Construction Safety and Health (ACCSH)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-06

    ... Secretary) in the formulation of standards affecting the construction industry, and on policy matters... Occupational Safety and Health Administration Advisory Committee on Construction Safety and Health (ACCSH... general information about ACCSH and ACCSH meetings: Mr. Damon Bonneau, OSHA Directorate of Construction...

  16. 33 CFR 165.1325 - Regulated Navigation Areas; Bars Along the Coasts of Oregon and Washington.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... northwestward to Damon Point at 46°56′50″ N., 124°06′30″ W. thence westward along the north shoreline of the... fishing vessel, fish tender vessel, or a fish processing vessel. (5) Designated representative means any... to act on his behalf. (6) Fish processing vessel means a vessel that commercially prepares fish or...

  17. 33 CFR 165.1325 - Regulated Navigation Areas; Bars Along the Coasts of Oregon and Washington.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... northwestward to Damon Point at 46°56′50″ N., 124°06′30″ W. thence westward along the north shoreline of the... fishing vessel, fish tender vessel, or a fish processing vessel. (5) Designated representative means any... to act on his behalf. (6) Fish processing vessel means a vessel that commercially prepares fish or...

  18. 33 CFR 165.1325 - Regulated Navigation Areas; Bars Along the Coasts of Oregon and Washington.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... northwestward to Damon Point at 46°56′50″ N., 124°06′30″ W. thence westward along the north shoreline of the... fishing vessel, fish tender vessel, or a fish processing vessel. (5) Designated representative means any... to act on his behalf. (6) Fish processing vessel means a vessel that commercially prepares fish or...

  19. 33 CFR 165.1325 - Regulated Navigation Areas; Bars Along the Coasts of Oregon and Washington.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... northwestward to Damon Point at 46°56′50″ N., 124°06′30″ W. thence westward along the north shoreline of the... fishing vessel, fish tender vessel, or a fish processing vessel. (5) Designated representative means any... to act on his behalf. (6) Fish processing vessel means a vessel that commercially prepares fish or...

  20. Comment on {open_quote}{open_quote}Confirmation of the Sigma Meson{close_quote}{close_quote}

    SciTech Connect

    Isgur, N.; Speth, J.

    1996-09-01

    A Comment on the Letter by Nils A. T{umlt o}rnqvist and Matts Roos, Phys. Rev. Lett. {bold 76}, 1575 (1996). The authors of the Letter offer a Reply. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  1. Comment on {open_quotes}Confirmation of the Sigma Meson{close_quote}{close_quote}

    SciTech Connect

    Harada, M.; Sannino, F.; Schechter, J.; Sannino, F.

    1997-02-01

    A Comment on the Letter by Nils A. Tornqvist and Matts Roos, Phys.Rev.Lett.{bold 76}, 1575 (1996). The authors of the Letter offer a Reply. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  2. NASA Now: Science as Inquiry: Microgravity Drop Tower

    NASA Image and Video Library

    In this NASA Now program, Nancy Hall, a research scientist at NASA’s Glenn Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio, discusses the different ways gravity on Earth and microgravity in space affect matte...

  3. EAGLE: galaxy evolution with the E-ELT

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Evans, Chris; Morris, Simon; Swinbank, Mark; Cuby, Jean-Gabriel; Lehnert, Matthew; Puech, Mathieu

    2010-04-01

    Chris Evans, Simon Morris, Jean-Gabriel Cuby, Matt Lehnert, Mark Swinbank and Mathieu Puech describe an instrument that could bring distant galaxies and stellar populations within reach of the European Extremely Large Telescope.

  4. ARC-2006-ACD06-0091-001

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2006-06-05

    Space shuttle STS-121 FIT (Fly Immunity and Tumors) payload. Using Drosophila (fruit fly) to complete the experiments. Matt Lera doing sample preparation for post light analysis of Drosophila melanogaster (fruit fly) larva

  5. FINDING THE SOMETHING IN NOTHING.

    PubMed

    Robbins, Michael

    2016-07-01

    Formless Infinity: Clinical Explorations of Matte Blanco and Bion. By Riccardo Lombardi. Translated by Karen Christenfeld, Gina Atkinson, Andrea Sabbadini, and Philip Slotkin. London/New York: Routledge, 2016. 282 pp.

  6. 75 FR 30710 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Wisconsin; Particulate Matter...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-02

    .... FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Matt Rau, Environmental Engineer, Criteria Pollutant Section, Air... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Withdrawal of direct final rule. SUMMARY: Due to the receipt of...

  7. 78 FR 19164 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Ohio; Particulate Matter Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-29

    ... how to submit comments. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Matt Rau, Environmental Engineer, Control... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... Matter Standards AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is...

  8. Sustainable environmental nanotechnology using nanoparticle surface modification.

    EPA Science Inventory

    Reactive nanomaterials used for environmental remediation require surface modification to make them mobile in the subsurface. Nanomaterials released into the environment inadvertently without an engineered surface coating will acquire one (e.g. adsorption of natural organic matt...

  9. The Endurance Bioenergy Reactor

    SciTech Connect

    Laible, Philip

    2012-01-01

    Argonne biophysicist Dr. Philip Laible and Air Force Major Matt Michaud talks about he endurance bioenergy reactor—a device that contains bacteria that can convert energy from the sun into fuel molecules.

  10. Speciation of Total Organic Gas and Particulate Matter Emissions from Onroad Vehicles in the Next Version of MOVES

    EPA Science Inventory

    Calculation of organic gas measures used in MOVES (total hydrocarbons, methane, non-methane hydrocarbons, volatile organic compounds, non-methane organic gases, and total organic gases). Incorporation of speciation within MOVES to produce total organic gas and particulate matte...

  11. 7. Detail of first floor doorway to Signal Tower. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Detail of first floor doorway to Signal Tower. - Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad, Scranton Yards, Mattes Street Signal Tower, 80 feet Southwest of Railroad Alley & Cedar Avenue, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA

  12. 6. Detail of windows in north wall of Signal Tower. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Detail of windows in north wall of Signal Tower. - Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad, Scranton Yards, Mattes Street Signal Tower, 80 feet Southwest of Railroad Alley & Cedar Avenue, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA

  13. 75 FR 40819 - Records Governing Off-the-Record Communications; Public Notice

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-14

    ... Byron Dale Simon). \\4\\ Record of telephone call with Matt Maraglio of New York State Division of Coastal Resources regarding Natural Dam hydroelectric project. Kimberly D. Bose, Secretary. BILLING CODE 6717-01-P ...

  14. Sustainable environmental nanotechnology using nanoparticle surface modification.

    EPA Science Inventory

    Reactive nanomaterials used for environmental remediation require surface modification to make them mobile in the subsurface. Nanomaterials released into the environment inadvertently without an engineered surface coating will acquire one (e.g. adsorption of natural organic matt...

  15. Speciation of Total Organic Gas and Particulate Matter Emissions from Onroad Vehicles in the Next Version of MOVES

    EPA Science Inventory

    Calculation of organic gas measures used in MOVES (total hydrocarbons, methane, non-methane hydrocarbons, volatile organic compounds, non-methane organic gases, and total organic gases). Incorporation of speciation within MOVES to produce total organic gas and particulate matte...

  16. Recovery Act Milestones

    SciTech Connect

    Rogers, Matt

    2009-01-01

    Every 100 days, the Department of Energy is held accountable for a progress report on the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Update at 200 days, hosted by Matt Rogers, Senior Advisor to Secretary Steven Chu for Recovery Act Implementation.

  17. Recovery Act Milestones

    ScienceCinema

    Rogers, Matt

    2016-07-12

    Every 100 days, the Department of Energy is held accountable for a progress report on the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Update at 200 days, hosted by Matt Rogers, Senior Advisor to Secretary Steven Chu for Recovery Act Implementation.

  18. West Europe Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-08-07

    Adding Lime to Waters Hurt by Acid Rain Creating New Problems (Matts Dahlstrom; DAGENS NYHETER, 11 Jul 84) 105 POLITICAL’" * EUROPEAN AFFAIRS DE...ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY SWEDEN ADDING LIME TO WATERS HURT BY ACID RAIN CREATING NEW PROBLEMS Stockholm DAGENS NYHETER in Swedish 11 Jul 84 p 6 [Article by Matts...on within the iceberg . "The direction imposed by Moscow on the French com- munists," Philippe Robrieux opportunely pointed out to us, "is that of

  19. Voltage Identify Based Encryption (VIBE)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-01

    PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED. 13. ABSTRACT (Maximum 200 Words) Invented by Dr. Dan Boneh and Dr. Matt Franklin in 2001, Identity-Based...20 Introduction Invented by Dr. Dan Boneh and Dr. Matt Franklin in 2001, Identity-Based Encryption or IBE, is a breakthrough in...the effectiveness of the technology developed to implement the Boneh -Franklin IBE. This contract provided for the necessary hardware and software

  20. A Controlled Laboratory Environment to Study EO Signal Degradation Due to Underwater Turbulence

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-11

    turbulence Iii. uf Paper or P resentation A controlled laboratory environment to AUTHOR(s) LEGAL NAMES(s) OF RECORD Silvia Matt 7333, Wellin Hou 7333, A...controlled laboratory environment to study EO signal degradation due to underwater turbulence Silvia Matt*a, Weilin Houa, Wesley Goodea, Guigen Liub, Ming...to examine and mitigate turbulence effects, we set up a laboratory turbulence environment allowing the variation of turbulence intensity. Convective

  1. Focusing a Transition: A Report by the Defense Business Board

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    real change to occur, and (4) necessities to achieve a successful legacy. Early in the transition, the Department must focus on reducing the risks ...national security objectives, oversee budgetary and fi scal matt ers, conduct program analysis and evaluation, oversee personnel policy matt ers, and...were in place by May 1, 2001). The risk , of course, is not having a “seasoned” leadership team in place ready to handle a crisis. (Historically, each

  2. Light scattering by magnons in whispering gallery mode cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, Sanchar; Blanter, Yaroslav M.; Bauer, Gerrit E. W.

    2017-09-01

    Brillouin light scattering is an established technique to study magnons, the elementary excitations of a magnet. Its efficiency can be enhanced by cavities that concentrate the light intensity. Here, we theoretically study inelastic scattering of photons by a magnetic sphere that supports optical whispering gallery modes in a plane normal to the magnetization. Magnons with low angular momenta scatter the light in the forward direction with a pronounced asymmetry in the Stokes and the anti-Stokes scattering strength, consistent with earlier studies. Magnons with large angular momenta constitute Damon-Eschbach modes which are shown to inelastically reflect light. The reflection spectrum contains either a Stokes or anti-Stokes peak, depending on the direction of the magnetization, a selection rule that can be explained by the chirality of the Damon-Eshbach magnons. The controllable energy transfer can be used to manage the thermodynamics of the magnet by light.

  3. What makes a feather shine? A nanostructural basis for glossy black colours in feathers

    PubMed Central

    Maia, Rafael; D'Alba, Liliana; Shawkey, Matthew D.

    2011-01-01

    Colours in feathers are produced by pigments or by nanostructurally organized tissues that interact with light. One of the simplest nanostructures is a single layer of keratin overlying a linearly organized layer of melanosomes that create iridescent colours of feather barbules through thin-film interference. Recently, it has been hypothesized that glossy (i.e. high specular reflectance) black feathers may be evolutionarily intermediate between matte black and iridescent feathers, and thus have a smooth keratin layer that produces gloss, but not the layered organization of melanosomes needed for iridescence. However, the morphological bases of glossiness remain unknown. Here, we use a theoretical approach to generate predictions about morphological differences between matte and glossy feathers that we then empirically test. Thin-film models predicted that glossy spectra would result from a keratin layer 110–180 nm thick and a melanin layer greater than 115 nm thick. Transmission electron microscopy data show that nanostructure of glossy barbules falls well within that range, but that of matte barbules does not. Further, glossy barbules had a thinner and more regular keratin cortex, as well as a more continuous underlying melanin layer, than matte barbules. Thus, their quasi-ordered nanostructures are morphologically intermediate between matte black and iridescent feathers, and perceived gloss may be a form of weakly chromatic iridescence. PMID:21123257

  4. What makes a feather shine? A nanostructural basis for glossy black colours in feathers.

    PubMed

    Maia, Rafael; D'Alba, Liliana; Shawkey, Matthew D

    2011-07-07

    Colours in feathers are produced by pigments or by nanostructurally organized tissues that interact with light. One of the simplest nanostructures is a single layer of keratin overlying a linearly organized layer of melanosomes that create iridescent colours of feather barbules through thin-film interference. Recently, it has been hypothesized that glossy (i.e. high specular reflectance) black feathers may be evolutionarily intermediate between matte black and iridescent feathers, and thus have a smooth keratin layer that produces gloss, but not the layered organization of melanosomes needed for iridescence. However, the morphological bases of glossiness remain unknown. Here, we use a theoretical approach to generate predictions about morphological differences between matte and glossy feathers that we then empirically test. Thin-film models predicted that glossy spectra would result from a keratin layer 110-180 nm thick and a melanin layer greater than 115 nm thick. Transmission electron microscopy data show that nanostructure of glossy barbules falls well within that range, but that of matte barbules does not. Further, glossy barbules had a thinner and more regular keratin cortex, as well as a more continuous underlying melanin layer, than matte barbules. Thus, their quasi-ordered nanostructures are morphologically intermediate between matte black and iridescent feathers, and perceived gloss may be a form of weakly chromatic iridescence.

  5. 27. A black & white photograph, 7 1/2" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    27. A black & white photograph, 7 1/2" x 10" on glossy paper. An aerial oblique of central Terre Haute. This view, taken looking north, shows the gas company building on the bottom margin, slightly right of center. On reverse, in black pencil, "Summer, 1965 Arnold-Damon Studio" and in blue ink cursive script, "Aerial Views 1974". Source: Indiana State University Archives. - John T. Beasley Building, 632 Cherry Street (between Sixth & Seventh Streets), Terre Haute, Vigo County, IN

  6. Spin Wave Power Flow and Caustics in Ultrathin Ferromagnets with the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Joo-Von; Stamps, Robert L.; Camley, Robert E.

    2016-11-01

    The Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in ultrathin ferromagnets can result in nonreciprocal propagation of spin waves. We examine theoretically how spin wave power flow is influenced by this interaction. We show that the combination of the dipole-dipole and Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions can result in unidirectional caustic beams in the Damon-Eshbach geometry. Morever, self-generated interface patterns can also be induced from a point-source excitation.

  7. Design and construction of a spin-wave lens

    PubMed Central

    Toedt, Jan-Niklas; Mundkowski, Mark; Heitmann, Detlef; Mendach, Stefan; Hansen, Wolfgang

    2016-01-01

    In this work, we present the focusing of a Damon-Eshbach wave in a Ni80Fe20 film by a shaped, discrete transition of the film thickness. We devised an algorithm to determine the required shape of a spin-wave lens. Due to the anisotropy three geometries qualify as plano-convex lenses. One lens geometry has been realized experimentally and the emitted spin-wave pattern is investigated by time-resolved scanning Kerr microscopy. PMID:27650652

  8. Time-domain excitation of quantized magnetostatic spin-wave modes in patterned NiFe thin film ensembles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crawford, T. M.; Covington, M.; Parker, G. J.

    2003-01-01

    We measure quantized spin waves excited by a spatially inhomogeneous pulsed magnetic field in patterned NiFe thin films by inductive detection of the dynamic magnetization. When anisotropy and numerically calculated demagnetizing fields are included in the magnetostatic Damon Eshbach spin-wave dispersion relation, the predicted mode frequencies agree closely with measurements. Micromagnetic calculations predict the correct mode frequencies and agree remarkably well with time-domain measurements.

  9. Magnetostatic spin wave modes excitation in yttrium-iron-garnet film under various temperatures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaack, M.; Jun, S.; Nikitov, S. A.; Pelzl, J.

    1999-09-01

    Temperature-dependent magnetostatic spin wave modes spectra in a ferromagnetic thin film of yttrium-iron-garnet are investigated by means of conventional and photothermally modulated ferromagnetic resonance techniques. Values for the anisotropy field are derived from the evaluation of resonance spectra. In the wide range of temperature the resonance characteristics of spin wave modes spectra are consistent with the Damon-Eshbach theory. Close to the Curie temperature they, however, strongly deviate from the theoretical predictions.

  10. Spin-Wave Interference in Three-Dimensional Rolled-Up Ferromagnetic Microtubes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balhorn, Felix; Mansfeld, Sebastian; Krohn, Andreas; Topp, Jesco; Hansen, Wolfgang; Heitmann, Detlef; Mendach, Stefan

    2010-01-01

    We have investigated spin-wave excitations in rolled-up Permalloy microtubes using microwave absorption spectroscopy. We find a series of quantized azimuthal modes which arise from the constructive interference of Damon-Eshbach-type spin waves propagating around the circumference of the microtubes, forming a spin-wave resonator. The mode spectrum can be tailored by the tube’s radius and number of rolled-up layers.

  11. Treatment efficiency of conventional vs self-ligating brackets: effects of archwire size and material.

    PubMed

    Turnbull, Nicholas R; Birnie, David J

    2007-03-01

    In this prospective clinical study, we assessed the relative speed of archwire changes, comparing self-ligating brackets with conventional elastomeric ligation methods, and further assessed this in relation to the stage of orthodontic treatment represented by different wire sizes and types. The time taken to remove and ligate archwires for 131 consecutive patients treated with either self-ligating or conventional brackets was prospectively assessed. The study was carried out in the orthodontic department of a district general hospital in the United Kingdom. The main outcome measure was the time to remove or place elastomeric ligatures or open/close self-ligating brackets for 2 matched groups of fixed appliance patients: Damon2 self-ligating bracket (SDS Ormco, Orange, Calif) and a conventional mini-twin bracket (Orthos, SDS Ormco). The relative effects of various wire sizes and materials on ligation times were investigated. The study was carried out by 1 operator experienced in the use of self-ligating and conventional brackets. The Damon2 self-ligating system had a significantly shorter mean archwire ligation time for both placing (P <.001) and removing (P <.01) wires compared with the conventional elastomeric system. Ligation of an archwire was approximately twice as quick with the self-ligating system. Opening a Damon slide was on average 1 second quicker per bracket than removing an elastic from the mini-twin brackets, and closing a slide was 2 seconds faster per bracket. This difference in ligation time between the Damon2 and the conventional mini-twin brackets became more marked for larger wire sizes used in later treatment stages. The type of bracket and the size of wire used are statistically significant predictors for speed of ligation and chairside time. The self-ligating system offered quicker and arguably more efficient wire removal and placement for most orthodontic treatment stages.

  12. America’s Soft Underbelly: Economic Espionage

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-10

    internal combustion engine” for the Hybrid Synergy Drive (HSD) system which is also used on the Toyota Prius , their flagship hybrid vehicle.26 In addition...to the one-time patent infringement violation fee of $4.3 million, Toyota has been directed to pay Paice LLC a fee of $25 dollars for every Prius ...2008, linked from http://www.autobloggreen.com/tag/paice+llc/ (accessed September 22, 2008). 27 Damon Lavrinc, “Toyota Losses Patent Appeal in Prius

  13. Spin Wave Power Flow and Caustics in Ultrathin Ferromagnets with the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction.

    PubMed

    Kim, Joo-Von; Stamps, Robert L; Camley, Robert E

    2016-11-04

    The Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in ultrathin ferromagnets can result in nonreciprocal propagation of spin waves. We examine theoretically how spin wave power flow is influenced by this interaction. We show that the combination of the dipole-dipole and Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions can result in unidirectional caustic beams in the Damon-Eshbach geometry. Morever, self-generated interface patterns can also be induced from a point-source excitation.

  14. Design and construction of a spin-wave lens

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Toedt, Jan-Niklas; Mundkowski, Mark; Heitmann, Detlef; Mendach, Stefan; Hansen, Wolfgang

    2016-09-01

    In this work, we present the focusing of a Damon-Eshbach wave in a Ni80Fe20 film by a shaped, discrete transition of the film thickness. We devised an algorithm to determine the required shape of a spin-wave lens. Due to the anisotropy three geometries qualify as plano-convex lenses. One lens geometry has been realized experimentally and the emitted spin-wave pattern is investigated by time-resolved scanning Kerr microscopy.

  15. Design and construction of a spin-wave lens.

    PubMed

    Toedt, Jan-Niklas; Mundkowski, Mark; Heitmann, Detlef; Mendach, Stefan; Hansen, Wolfgang

    2016-09-21

    In this work, we present the focusing of a Damon-Eshbach wave in a Ni80Fe20 film by a shaped, discrete transition of the film thickness. We devised an algorithm to determine the required shape of a spin-wave lens. Due to the anisotropy three geometries qualify as plano-convex lenses. One lens geometry has been realized experimentally and the emitted spin-wave pattern is investigated by time-resolved scanning Kerr microscopy.

  16. The U.S. Armored Brigade Combat Team Versus Current Hybrid Threat: How Should the U.S. ABCT be Organized and Equipped to Address the Current Hybrid Threat

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-06-09

    Look at Russia’s ‘Hybrid War’” ( Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, DC, l April 2015). 46 Ibid. 22 of the new form of...Hybrid War’.” Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, DC, l April 2015. Love, James B. JSOU Report 10-5, Hezbollah: Social...Herbst, Eliot Higgins, Alina Polyakova, and Damon Wilson is the result of an Atlantic Council Working Group was written to examine direct Russian

  17. Toxicity of Depleted Uranium

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-02-01

    Exposure to Uranium Hexafluoride NUREG /CR- 5566, PNL-7328, Prepared for US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC, 1990. 27. Thun MJ, Baker DB... NUREG /CR-495 1, Prepared for US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC, 1987. 31. Morrow PE, Leach LJ, Smith FA, Goloin RM, Scott JB, Belter HD...of Uranium Hexafluoride, NUREG /CR- 2268, RH, Prepared for Division of Health Siting and Waste Management, Washington, DC, 1982. 32. Eidson AF, Damon

  18. Correlation between frictional force and surface roughness of orthodontic archwires.

    PubMed

    Choi, Samjin; Hwang, Eun-Young; Park, Hun-Kuk; Park, Young-Guk

    2015-01-01

    Lateral force microscopy measures the lateral bending of the cantilever depending on the frictional force acting between the tip and surface. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the relationship between the surface roughness and frictional resistance of four archwire and bracket combinations consisting of the 0.016-inch NiTi and 0.019 × 0.025-inch stainless steel archwires interacting clinically with two representative self-ligating brackets, active-type Clippy-C(®) ceramic self-ligating brackets, and passive-type Damon(®) stainless steel self-ligating brackets, using the lateral force microscopy technique. A 0.016-inch NiTi archwire interacting with passive-type Damon(®) stainless steel self-ligating brackets showed the smoothest surface roughness and the lowest frictional resistance compared to other combinations. The archwires interacting with passive-type Damon(®) stainless steel self-ligating brackets showed significantly lower surface roughness and frictional resistance than those interacting with active-type Clippy-C(®) ceramic self-ligating brackets. The frictional force in the in vivo archwire and bracket system increased with increasing surface roughness of the archwire. This positive correlation suggests that surface roughness can be used as an evaluating marker for estimating the efficiency of orthodontic treatment, rather than the direct measurement of frictional force. © Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. Injection technology to recover nickel and cobalt from spent catalysts

    SciTech Connect

    Thapliyal, P.; Zhao, Y.F.; Irons, G.A.

    1996-12-31

    The petroleum refining industry generates over a million tons of spent catalyst per year, containing valuable metals. Currently, these materials are recycled to smelting furnaces, but the fundamental mechanisms controlling the recovery processes are poorly understood. Furthermore, submerged injection of finely divided materials is potentially a means to obtain high recoveries of pay metals. In this study, a catalyst containing 10% Ni and 1% Co was injected into 45 kg heats of matte. A copper matte was chosen so that the nickel and cobalt recoveries were measurable. It was found that the recovery ranged from 40 to 70%, increasing with catalyst feed rate, decreasing with catalyst particle size and decreasing with the oxygen content of the carrier gas. A mathematical model was developed to account for the results, and to permit extrapolation to nickel mattes. The industrial implications are discussed. 7 refs., 7 figs., 4 tabs.

  20. Test Generator for MATLAB Simulations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Henry, Joel

    2011-01-01

    MATLAB Automated Test Tool, version 3.0 (MATT 3.0) is a software package that provides automated tools that reduce the time needed for extensive testing of simulation models that have been constructed in the MATLAB programming language by use of the Simulink and Real-Time Workshop programs. MATT 3.0 runs on top of the MATLAB engine application-program interface to communicate with the Simulink engine. MATT 3.0 automatically generates source code from the models, generates custom input data for testing both the models and the source code, and generates graphs and other presentations that facilitate comparison of the outputs of the models and the source code for the same input data. Context-sensitive and fully searchable help is provided in HyperText Markup Language (HTML) format.

  1. Synchronicity, the infinite unrepressed, dissociation and the interpersonal.

    PubMed

    Carvalho, Richard

    2014-06-01

    This paper uses the logic derived by Matte Blanco to provide an Archimedean point and a mathematics, both of which Jung complained of lacking, with which to validate the notion of synchronicity and to demonstrate that it is one of the inevitable properties of an unconscious which is unrepressed such as Jung's collective unconscious, and that such an unconscious will also be affective and interpersonal as well as intrapersonal. These have important clinical implications. After an exposition of Matte Blanco's thinking, some clinical material is presented of an episode in which patient and author both suffered the same psychosomatic symptom some time just prior to a session. Correspondences between Matte Blanco's logically derived ideas and Jung's phenomenological observations are made.

  2. Distribution and Behavior of Arsenic During the Reducing-Matting Smelting Process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Weichun; Tian, Shunqi; Wu, Jianxun; Chai, Liyuan; Liao, Qi

    2017-04-01

    The distribution and behavior of arsenic during the reducing-matting smelting process were investigated with various values of the carbon addition ratio, arsenic content, CaO/SiO2 ratio, and Fe/SiO2 ratio. The carbon addition ratio significantly affected the arsenic distribution among the phases, and most arsenic could be retained in an iron-rich matte with a carbon addition ratio greater than 20%. An increasing Fe/SiO2 ratio favored the retention and stabilization of arsenic in the iron-rich matte, and an increase in the CaO/SiO2 ratio decreased the arsenic volatilization and improved arsenic stability in the iron-rich matte and slag. It may be concluded from this study that the reducing-matting smelting process could be optimized by increasing the carbon addition ratio, CaO/SiO2 ratio, and Fe/SiO2 ratio and by decreasing the arsenic content.

  3. Thermodynamic Modeling of Arsenic in Copper Smelting Processes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Chunlin; Zhang, Ling; Jahanshahi, Sharif

    2010-12-01

    Published data on the activity coefficients of arsenic in liquid copper, matte and, slag have been reviewed, assessed, and used in the development of thermodynamic databases for solution models of melts. The databases were validated against the literature data on the equilibrium distribution of arsenic between the matte and the slag. The models and databases were used in investigating the effects of matte grade, slag chemistry, SO2 partial pressure, arsenic loading, and temperature on the equilibrium distribution of arsenic between the melts and gas phase during copper smelting and converting. The results obtained show that the continuous smelting processes operates close to equilibrium between condensed phases with most arsenic reporting to the gas phase. A comparison of the batch and continuous converting processes showed a considerable difference with respect to the elimination of the arsenic from condensed phases. These results indicate batch processes to be more efficient in the removal of arsenic through the gas stream.

  4. Thou Shalt Not Kill: Conscientious Objection and the Decalogue

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-01

    is a child of God. Without the manward look religion can become a remote and detached mysticism in which a man is concerned with his own soul and...Brave New World, 118-1 9; c( Matt 22:39; Eph 5:28-29, 33. 92 Matt 27:5; Acts I: 18. 93 I.e. suicide, assisted suicide, voluntary euthanasia , mercy...killing, etc. 22 94 For a comprehensive treatment of the historical, legal, ethical, and theological aspects of euthanasia , see Edward J. Larson and

  5. Bidirectional reflectance distribution function of diffuse reflectance standards around the retro-reflection direction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rabal, A. M.; Ferrero, A.; Campos, J.; Pons, A.; Hernanz, M. L.

    2014-06-01

    The increase in the bidirectional reflectance distribution function around the retro-reflection direction was characterized for four common diffuse standard reflectance materials: Spectralon, matte white Russian opal glass, matte white ceramic standard and pressed barium sulphate (BaSO4) powder. The characterized increase or surge is high enough to be considered in low-uncertainty reflectance factor measurements, where the values are usually extrapolated around that direction due to instrumental limitations. In order to make the corrections for this surge, the coherent backscattering of light model and a much simpler exponential function were fitted to the measurements.

  6. Decision Support for Infrastructure Renewal in the US Army

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Joseph Whitaker , and LTC Joseph Alexander, Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Installations, Logistics, & Environment; Colonel Matt...infrastructure 12 3.2. Standards General Carl E. Vouno, former Chief of Staff of the Army, has said, "A great sergeant major once told me, The only time we

  7. Effect of Swirl on an Unstable Single-Element Gas-gas Rocket Engine (Briefing Charts)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-07-01

    Single-Element Gas-gas Rocket Engine 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER Matt Harvazinski, Venke...the Apollo program > 2000 full scale tests > $400 million for propellants alone (2010 prices) 4 Approved for public release; distribution unlimited

  8. Herbicide sorption in a biochar-amended coastal plain soil under conventional and conservation tillage management

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Commercial cropping systems worldwide depend on herbicides for weed control. “Soil residual herbicides” applied to soil prior to crop emergence are an important class of these products. Sorption of active ingredients by soil colloids impacts both weed control and soil persistence. Soil organic matte...

  9. Choosing Advocacy. Occasional Paper Series 21

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matt, Megan; Morrison, Danielle

    2008-01-01

    Two articles comprise this publication. In "Beyond the Story-Book Ending: Literature for Young Children About Parental Estrangement and Loss," Megan Matt analyzes over 30 books for young children on the topics of abandonment, estrangement, divorce, and foster care. She observes that this loss might appear as an event within the story or…

  10. Software Assurance Curriculum Project Volume 2: Undergraduate Course Outlines

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-08-01

    Software Assurance Curriculum Project Volume II: Undergraduate Course Outlines Nancy R . Mead, Software Engineering Institute Thomas B...this document. Dick Fairley Dan Shoemaker, University of Detroit Mercy Carol Sledge, Software Engineering Institute We also acknowledge the...Mead, Nancy R . Software Security Engineering: A Guide for Project Managers [Allen 2008]. 12 | CMU/SEI-2010-TR-019 Bishop, Matt. Computer

  11. SSC San Diego Command History Calendar Year 2007

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-01

    Diaz, Minh Nguyen, Roman Covarrubias, Dennis Lovingood, Richard Orchard, Cheryll Carter, Roderick Frillot, Matt Tuttle, Asako Sueki, and Yasunobu...members included Brian Whyte, Billy Haynes, Louis Gates, Dennis Mattison, Alan Godwin, Binh Duong, Alan Chu, Robert Ducote, Robert Barksdale. Ultra...Notification and Early Warning systems. Dennis Cheng completed a short-fused, high-visibility project to extend Combined Enterprise Regional Information

  12. Intellectualist Aristotelian Character Education: An Outline and Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferkany, Matt; Creed, Benjamin

    2014-01-01

    Since its resurgence in the 1990s, character education has been subject to a bevy of common criticisms, including that it is didactic and crudely behaviorist; premised on a faulty trait psychology; victim-blaming; culturally imperialist, racist, religious, or ideologically conservative; and many other horrible things besides. Matt Ferkany and…

  13. 78 FR 68019 - Performance Review Board Appointments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-13

    ..., Charles; Milton, William; Moulton, Robert Jeffrey; Parker, Carolyn C.; Parham, Gregory L.; Paul, Matt.... FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: William Milton, Director, Office of Human Resources Management, telephone: (202) 690-2139, email: william.milton@dm.usda.gov .or Patricia Moore, Director,...

  14. Signs of Drug Use and Addiction

    MedlinePlus

    ... Use and Addiction Signs of Drug Use and Addiction Listen PDF: EasyToRead_WhatIsAddiction_Final_012017.pdf People ... English Español "I feel so helpless against his addiction." ©istock.com/ Antonio_Diaz Matt's brother Stephen is ...

  15. Educating "The Simpsons": Teaching Queer Representations in Contemporary Visual Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Padva, Gilad

    2008-01-01

    This article analyzes queer representation in contemporary visual media and examines how the episode "Homer's Phobia" from Matt Groening's animation series "The Simpsons" can be used to deconstruct hetero- and homo-sexual codes of behavior, socialization, articulation, representation and visibility. The analysis is contextualized in the…

  16. Missouri River Flood 2011 Vulnerabilities Assessment Report. Volume 2 - Technical Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-01

    Brigadier General Theodore Harrison, Colonel Robert Ruch, Brigadier General John McMahon and Major General William Grisoli speak with South Dakota...vi LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1. Brigadier General Theodore Harrison, Colonel Robert Ruch, Brigadier General John McMahon and Major General William...iv Figure 2. Brigadier General John McMahon speaks with South Dakota Lt. Governor Matt

  17. Parents Leading the Way.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolf, Kathy Goetz

    1996-01-01

    This special issue of the Family Resource Coalition Report presents personal experiences and reflections regarding parent involvement and leadership in family support. Articles in this issue are: (1) "The Vaughn Family Center: It's My Story" (Jorge Lara and Matt Oppenheim); (2) "Asking the Right Questions is Key to Developing Parent…

  18. Genotyping-by-sequencing of waxy and glossy near-isogenic broccoli lines

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Wild-type Brassica oleracea L. have matte blue-green leaves caused by an interaction between leaf pigmentation and a waxy bloom coating the surface. Glossy mutants have reduced and/or altered epicuticular wax giving the leaves a shiny green appearance and have been identified in most B. oleracea cro...

  19. 16 CFR 1512.18 - Tests and test procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... be guided by a tube with holes, but not restricted in free fall. Pedal reflectors are exempt from... retroreflective tires or rims shall have all exposed metallic surfaces, including spokes, masked in flat black so... the reflecting strip and shall be masked off with opaque, matte black tape in testing the...

  20. FRC Compression Heating Experiment (FRCHX) at AFRL

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-01

    Air Force Research Laboratory ( AFRL ) and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) have been... Air Force Research Laboratory , Directed Energy Directorate, 3550 Aberdeen Avenue SE Kirtland AFB, NM 87117-5776 USA 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT...Matt Domonkos, Don Gale, Bernard Martinez, Jerry Parker, Dale Ralph, Ed Ruden, and Wayne Sommars Air Force Research Laboratory , Directed

  1. Emissions from prescribed burning of timber slash piles in Oregon.

    EPA Science Inventory

    Emissions from burning piles of post-harvest timber slash (Douglas fir) in Grande Ronde, Oregon were sampled using an instrument platform lofted into the plume using a tether-controlled aerostat or balloon. Emissions of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, methane, particulate matte...

  2. Coal + Biomass → Liquids + Electricity (with CCS)

    EPA Science Inventory

    In this presentation, Matt Aitken applies the MARKet ALlocation energy system model to evaluate the market potential for a class of technologies that convert coal and biomass to liquid fuels and electricity (CBtLE), paired with carbon capture and storage (CCS). The technology is ...

  3. Wireless Sensor Network Metrics for Real-Time Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-20

    107. [99] Victor Shnayder, Bor rong Chen, Konrad Lorincz, Thaddeus R. F. Fulford-Jones, and Matt Welsh, “Sensor networks for medical care,” Division of...Gilman Tolle, Joseph Polastre, Robert Szewczyk, David Culler, Neil Turner, Kevin Tu, Stephen Burgess, Todd Dawson, Phil Buonadonna, David Gay , and Wei

  4. ARC-2011-ACD11-0110-015

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2011-07-15

    Ames hosts Press Event for talk with STS-135 Astronauts onboard the Space Shuttle. Bob Redell KNTV NBC Channel-11 (far left) and Matt Bigler, KCBS - Radio (CBS-Bay Area) middle participate in live interview with the Astronauts onboard STS-135 (in the near frame Rachel Hover, PAO officer monitors interview) NBC cameraman documents event.

  5. Still Teaching for America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kronholz, June

    2013-01-01

    In this article, June Kronholz talks to co-chief executives of Teach For America (TFA), Elisa Villanueva Beard and Matt Kramer about how TFA has managed to keep its forward momentum for almost 24 years. Four primary reasons are discussed: (1) Common Vision, Regional Innovation; (2) Data-Driven Improvement; (3) Global Reach; and (4) Stoking the…

  6. Still Teaching for America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kronholz, June

    2013-01-01

    In this article, June Kronholz talks to co-chief executives of Teach For America (TFA), Elisa Villanueva Beard and Matt Kramer about how TFA has managed to keep its forward momentum for almost 24 years. Four primary reasons are discussed: (1) Common Vision, Regional Innovation; (2) Data-Driven Improvement; (3) Global Reach; and (4) Stoking the…

  7. Good & Plenty: It Used to Be Hard to Find Good Graphic Novels for the K-4 Crowd. My, How Times Have Changed

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gutierrez, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Just a couple of years ago, it was tough to find good graphic novels for the K-4 crowd. Sure, there were some standout selections, such as Andy Runton's "Owly", Jimmy Gownley's "Amelia Rules!", and Jennifer and Matt Holm's "Babymouse", but they were lonely exceptions in a barren landscape. Things quickly changed when publishers realized that the…

  8. Facilities Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bete, Tim, Ed.

    1998-01-01

    Presents responses from Matt McGovern, "School Planning and Management's" Maintenance and Operations columnist, on the issue of school facility maintenance. McGovern does not believe schools will ever likely meet acceptable levels of maintenance, nor use infrared thermography for assessing roofs, outsource all maintenance work, nor find…

  9. 75 FR 10814 - National Register of Historic Places; Weekly Listing of Historic Properties

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-09

    ... Square, Adel, 09000106, LISTED, 12/18/09 Polk County Mattes, Minnie Y. and Frank P., House, 1305 34th St... County Crafts Street City Stable, 90 Crafts St., Newton, 09001095, LISTED, 12/18/09 (Newton MRA) Plymouth... 3rd Ave. NE, 12- 118 5th Ave. NW, 212-258 5th Ave., Hickory, 09001103, LISTED, 12/18/ 09 (Hickory MRA...

  10. Microfilm Viewer Experiments. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reintjes, J. F.; And Others

    Two new designs for microfilm viewers are described. Both viewers are front projection viewers utilizing matte surface display screens. One viewer with an adjustable horizontal screen has a normal magnification rate and is mounted on a desk top. The other viewer has a high (4x) magnification rate in a mini-theater configuration with remote…

  11. DEVELOPMENT OF THE METAL FINISHING FACILITY RISK SCREENING TOOL

    EPA Science Inventory

    Enhancement of the US Environmental Protection Agency's
    Metal Finishing Facility Risk Screening Tool (MFFRST)

    William M. Barrett Jr, Ph.D., P.E. , P.E.; Paul Harten, Ph.D.1, Matt Lorber , Charles Peck , and Steve Schwartz, P.E., Q.E.P.3

    Recently, the US Environ...

  12. 40 CFR 63.11151 - What definitions apply to this subpart?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Primary Copper Smelting Area Sources... and dusts, fluxes, and other materials blended together for feeding to the smelting vessel. Copper matte means a material predominately composed of copper and iron sulfides produced by smelting...

  13. Investing in Futures: A New Compact for Public Higher Education. Luncheon Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldstein, Matthew

    2005-01-01

    On November 17, 2005, the Center for Educational Innovation-Public Education Association (CEI-PEA) had the honor of hosting Matthew Goldstein, Chancellor of the City University of New York (CUNY), as speaker at its luncheon series. Matt has spoken at a number of its luncheons since he took leadership of CUNY approximately six years ago and began…

  14. Respiratory Deposition of Fine and Coarse Particles during Moderate Exercise

    EPA Science Inventory

    During exercise breathing patterns change by increasing ventilation rate and this has a direct impact on risk to exposure to ambient pollutants. Although the number of people increases participating in more active life styles, specific data for lung deposition of particulate matt...

  15. The Strategic Knucklehead

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-09-13

    States, with professionalism, technical expertise, and operational aplomb. Regrettably, the David Situation reflects cavalier , cowboy-ish execution...Operational Risk Management, 5 May 04; Clark A. Murdock, Authors: Matt Squeri, Chris Jones, Becca S. Smith , Risk Management in Non-DoD U.S

  16. Phototaxis and polarotaxis hand in hand: night dispersal flight of aquatic insects distracted synergistically by light intensity and reflection polarization.

    PubMed

    Boda, Pál; Horváth, Gábor; Kriska, György; Blahó, Miklós; Csabai, Zoltán

    2014-05-01

    Based on an earlier observation in the field, we hypothesized that light intensity and horizontally polarized reflected light may strongly influence the flight behaviour of night-active aquatic insects. We assumed that phototaxis and polarotaxis together have a more harmful effect on the dispersal flight of these insects than they would have separately. We tested this hypothesis in a multiple-choice field experiment using horizontal test surfaces laid on the ground. We offered simultaneously the following visual stimuli for aerial aquatic insects: (1) lamplit matte black canvas inducing phototaxis alone, (2) unlit shiny black plastic sheet eliciting polarotaxis alone, (3) lamplit shiny black plastic sheet inducing simultaneously phototaxis and polarotaxis, and (4) unlit matte black canvas as a visually unattractive control. The unlit matte black canvas trapped only a negligible number (13) of water insects. The sum (16,432) of the total numbers of water beetles and bugs captured on the lamplit matte black canvas (7,922) and the unlit shiny black plastic sheet (8,510) was much smaller than the total catch (29,682) caught on the lamplit shiny black plastic sheet. This provides experimental evidence for the synergistic interaction of phototaxis (elicited by the unpolarized direct lamplight) and polarotaxis (induced by the strongly and horizontally polarized plastic-reflected light) in the investigated aquatic insects. Thus, horizontally polarizing artificial lamplit surfaces can function as an effective ecological trap due to this synergism of optical cues, especially in the urban environment.

  17. Phototaxis and polarotaxis hand in hand: night dispersal flight of aquatic insects distracted synergistically by light intensity and reflection polarization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boda, Pál; Horváth, Gábor; Kriska, György; Blahó, Miklós; Csabai, Zoltán

    2014-05-01

    Based on an earlier observation in the field, we hypothesized that light intensity and horizontally polarized reflected light may strongly influence the flight behaviour of night-active aquatic insects. We assumed that phototaxis and polarotaxis together have a more harmful effect on the dispersal flight of these insects than they would have separately. We tested this hypothesis in a multiple-choice field experiment using horizontal test surfaces laid on the ground. We offered simultaneously the following visual stimuli for aerial aquatic insects: (1) lamplit matte black canvas inducing phototaxis alone, (2) unlit shiny black plastic sheet eliciting polarotaxis alone, (3) lamplit shiny black plastic sheet inducing simultaneously phototaxis and polarotaxis, and (4) unlit matte black canvas as a visually unattractive control. The unlit matte black canvas trapped only a negligible number (13) of water insects. The sum (16,432) of the total numbers of water beetles and bugs captured on the lamplit matte black canvas (7,922) and the unlit shiny black plastic sheet (8,510) was much smaller than the total catch (29,682) caught on the lamplit shiny black plastic sheet. This provides experimental evidence for the synergistic interaction of phototaxis (elicited by the unpolarized direct lamplight) and polarotaxis (induced by the strongly and horizontally polarized plastic-reflected light) in the investigated aquatic insects. Thus, horizontally polarizing artificial lamplit surfaces can function as an effective ecological trap due to this synergism of optical cues, especially in the urban environment.

  18. 40 CFR 61.174 - Test methods and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Arsenic Emissions From Primary Copper Smelters § 61.174 Test methods and procedures. (a) To determine... converter arsenic charging rate as follows: (1) Collect daily grab samples of copper matte and any lead... determine the weight percent of inorganic arsenic contained in each sample. (3) Calculate the converter...

  19. 40 CFR 61.174 - Test methods and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Arsenic Emissions From Primary Copper Smelters § 61.174 Test methods and procedures. (a) To determine... converter arsenic charging rate as follows: (1) Collect daily grab samples of copper matte and any lead... determine the weight percent of inorganic arsenic contained in each sample. (3) Calculate the converter...

  20. 40 CFR 61.174 - Test methods and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Arsenic Emissions From Primary Copper Smelters § 61.174 Test methods and procedures. (a) To determine... converter arsenic charging rate as follows: (1) Collect daily grab samples of copper matte and any lead... determine the weight percent of inorganic arsenic contained in each sample. (3) Calculate the converter...

  1. 40 CFR 61.174 - Test methods and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Arsenic Emissions From Primary Copper Smelters § 61.174 Test methods and procedures. (a) To determine... converter arsenic charging rate as follows: (1) Collect daily grab samples of copper matte and any lead... determine the weight percent of inorganic arsenic contained in each sample. (3) Calculate the converter...

  2. 40 CFR 61.174 - Test methods and procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Arsenic Emissions From Primary Copper Smelters § 61.174 Test methods and procedures. (a) To determine... converter arsenic charging rate as follows: (1) Collect daily grab samples of copper matte and any lead... determine the weight percent of inorganic arsenic contained in each sample. (3) Calculate the converter...

  3. Material for "Substrate temperature controls molecular orientation in two-component vapor- deposited glasses." Soft Matter, 2016, 12, 3265.

    DOE Data Explorer

    Jiang, Jing [Nanjing University; Walters, Diane M [University of Wisconsin-Madison; Zhou, Dongshan [Nanjing University; Ediger, Mark D [University of Wisconsin-Madison

    2016-08-18

    Data set for work presented in Jiang, J.; Walters, D. M.; Zhou, D.; Ediger, M. D. “Substrate Temperature Controls Molecular Orientation in Two -Component Vapor-deposited Glasses.” Soft Matt. 2016, 12, 3265. Includes all data presented in the manuscript as well as example raw data and analysis.

  4. Examination of the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) Model Performance over the North American and European Domains

    EPA Science Inventory

    The CMAQ modeling system has been used to simulate the air quality for North America and Europe for the entire year of 2006 as part of the Air Quality Model Evaluation International Initiative (AQMEII) and the operational model performance of O3, fine particulate matte...

  5. Examination of the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) Model Performance over the North American and European Domains

    EPA Science Inventory

    The CMAQ modeling system has been used to simulate the air quality for North America and Europe for the entire year of 2006 as part of the Air Quality Model Evaluation International Initiative (AQMEII) and the operational model performance of O3, fine particulate matte...

  6. Removing Obstacles to Easy Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fiske, David

    1994-01-01

    Argues for changes in the way technical communicators design new documentation systems to accommodate readers with impaired vision, mental abilities, and motor control. Recommends use of larger type, careful choice of ink and paper color, use of matte-finish paper, thoughtful page and screen design, and use of contextual aids, priming strategies,…

  7. Participation Cartography: Blurring the Boundaries of Space, Autobiography, and Memory by Means of Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sotelo-Castro, Luis Carlos

    2010-01-01

    In this article, I focus on the empowering potential of a participatory practice that frames walking as integral to a performative, self-mapping, and aesthetic process. By discussing my experience as a participant in "Ere Be Dragons" (2007), a work by the artists collective Active Ingredient (Rachel Jacobs and Matt Watkins), I set out some new…

  8. Graphing Inequalities, Connecting Meaning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Switzer, J. Matt

    2014-01-01

    Students often have difficulty with graphing inequalities (see Filloy, Rojano, and Rubio 2002; Drijvers 2002), and J. Matt Switzer's students were no exception. Although students can produce graphs for simple inequalities, they often struggle when the format of the inequality is unfamiliar. Even when producing a correct graph of an…

  9. The History Research Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Estes, Matt; Brady, Ann

    2005-01-01

    Matt Estes, a social studies teacher, mentions the main instructional goals for his students like understanding the importance of proper citation and attribution presenting the Machiavelli project that deals with the skills he wants his students to develop and the course material that must be covered. In addition, Ann Brady, a library media…

  10. CHARACTERIZATION OF EMISSIONS FROM BURNING INCENSE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The primary objective of this study was to improve the characterization of particulate matter emissions from burning incense. Emissions of particulate matter were measured for 23 different types of incense using a cyclone/filter method. Emission rates for PM2.5 (particulate matte...

  11. CHARACTERIZATION OF EMISSIONS FROM BURNING INCENSE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The primary objective of this study was to improve the characterization of particulate matter emissions from burning incense. Emissions of particulate matter were measured for 23 different types of incense using a cyclone/filter method. Emission rates for PM2.5 (particulate matte...

  12. Multi-Modal Interaction for Robotic Mules

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-02-26

    gaze , hand and arm signals, and fine- grained finger movements. Gesture- based interaction with computers ...evaluation, and a prototype multi - modal interface that can be used to command a robotic platform. 15. SUBJECT TERMS multi - modal interaction , human -robot... Multi - Modal Interaction for Robotic Mules Glenn Taylor, Mike Quist, Matt Lanting, Cory Dunham, Patrick Theisen, Paul Muench

  13. Making the Case for Primary Care and Mandated Suicide Prevention Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stuber, Jennifer; Quinnett, Paul

    2013-01-01

    During its 2012 legislative session, Washington State passed ESHB 2366, otherwise known as the Matt Adler Suicide Assessment, Treatment, and Management Act of 2012. ESHB 2366 is a significant legislative achievement as it is the first law in the country to require certain health professionals to obtain continuing education in the assessment,…

  14. Ex-King of Campus Gossip Turns to Saving Web Reputations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Alexandra

    2012-01-01

    Matt Ivester became notorious on campuses across the country in 2007 for publishing gossip--not about celebrities but about students--on Juicy-Campus, the Web site he created. The site was blocked by some colleges, banned by several student governments, and threatened with legal action by several students who claimed that defaming comments on the…

  15. Study of timing properties of single gap high-resistive bakelite RPC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Biswas, S.; Bhattacharya, S.; Bose, S.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Saha, S.; Viyogi, Y. P.

    2010-05-01

    The time resolution for several single gap (2 mm) prototype Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) made of high resistive ( ρ~1010-1012 Ω cm), 2 mm thick matt finished bakelite paper laminates with silicone coating on the inner surfaces, has been measured. The time resolution for all the modules has been found to be ~2 ns at the plateau region.

  16. Optical characterization of display screens by speckle patterns

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pozo, Antonio M.; Castro, José J.; Rubiño, Manuel

    2013-10-01

    In recent years, flat-panel display (FPD) technology has undergone great development, and now FPDs appear in many devices. A significant element in FPD manufacturing is the display front surface. Manufacturers sell FPDs with different types of front surfaces, which can be matte (also called anti-glare) or glossy screens. Users who prefer glossy screens consider these displays to show more vivid colors compared with matte-screen displays. However, on the glossy screens, external light sources may cause unpleasant reflections that can be reduced by a matte treatment in the front surface. In this work, we present a method to characterize FPD screens using laser-speckle patterns. We characterize three FPDs: a Samsung XL2370 LCD monitor of 23 in. with matte screen, a Toshiba Satellite A100 LCD laptop of 15.4 in. with glossy screen, and a Grammata Papyre 6.1 electronic book reader of 6 in. with ePaper screen (E-ink technology). The results show great differences in speckle-contrast values for the three screens characterized and, therefore, this work shows the feasibility of this method for characterizing and comparing FPDs that have different types of front surfaces.

  17. Optical characterization of display screens by speckle-contrast measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pozo, Antonio M.; Castro, José J.; Rubiño, Manuel

    2012-10-01

    In recent years, the flat-panel display (FPD) technology has undergone great development. Currently, FPDs are present in many devices. A significant element in FPD manufacturing is the display front surface. Manufacturers sell FPDs with different types of front surface which can be matte (also called anti-glare) or glossy screens. Users who prefer glossy screens consider images shown in these types of displays to have more vivid colours compared with matte-screen displays. However, external light sources may cause unpleasant reflections on the glossy screens. These reflections can be reduced by a matte treatment in the front surface of FPDs. In this work, we present a method to characterize the front surface of FPDs using laser speckle patterns. We characterized three FPDs: a Samsung XL2370 LCD monitor of 23" with matte screen, a Toshiba Satellite A100 laptop of 15.4" with glossy screen, and a Papyre electronic book reader. The results show great differences in speckle contrast values for the three screens characterized and, therefore, this work shows the feasibility of this method for characterizing and comparing FPDs which have different types of front surfaces.

  18. Graphing Inequalities, Connecting Meaning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Switzer, J. Matt

    2014-01-01

    Students often have difficulty with graphing inequalities (see Filloy, Rojano, and Rubio 2002; Drijvers 2002), and J. Matt Switzer's students were no exception. Although students can produce graphs for simple inequalities, they often struggle when the format of the inequality is unfamiliar. Even when producing a correct graph of an…

  19. 76 FR 55357 - Floor-Standing, Metal-Top Ironing Tables and Certain Parts Thereof From the People's Republic of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-07

    ... painted, plated, or matte, and they are available with various features, including iron rests, linen racks... an iron rest or linen rack. The term ``complete'' ironing table means product sold as a ready-to- use...., iron rest or linen rack. The term ``incomplete'' ironing table means product shipped or sold as a...

  20. Digital Forensics Research: The Next 10 Years

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    Kreibich Christian, Levchenko Kirill, Enright Brandon, Voelker Geoffrey M, Paxson Vern, Savage Stefan. Spamalytics: an empirical analysis of spam... Kara , Hay Brian, Bishop Matt. Digital forensics: defining a research agenda. In: Proceedings of the 42nd Hawaii international conference on system...Nance Kara , Hay Brian, Dodge Ronald C, p Craiger Phili, Burke Paul, Marberry Chris, Brubaker Bryan. Virtualization and digital forensics: a research

  1. Application of Detailed Chemical Kinetics to Combustion Instability Modeling

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-04

    Briefing Charts 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) Nov 2015 – Jan 2016 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Application of Detailed Chemical Kinetics to Combustion Instability...Chemical Kinetics to Combustion Instability Modeling Matt Harvazinski, Doug Talley, Venke Sankaran Air Force Research Laboratory Edwards AFB, CA...Distribution A: approved for public release; distribution unlimited. 2 Challenges of Combustion Instability Damaged engine injector faceplate

  2. Good & Plenty: It Used to Be Hard to Find Good Graphic Novels for the K-4 Crowd. My, How Times Have Changed

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gutierrez, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Just a couple of years ago, it was tough to find good graphic novels for the K-4 crowd. Sure, there were some standout selections, such as Andy Runton's "Owly", Jimmy Gownley's "Amelia Rules!", and Jennifer and Matt Holm's "Babymouse", but they were lonely exceptions in a barren landscape. Things quickly changed when publishers realized that the…

  3. Coal + Biomass → Liquids + Electricity (with CCS)

    EPA Science Inventory

    In this presentation, Matt Aitken applies the MARKet ALlocation energy system model to evaluate the market potential for a class of technologies that convert coal and biomass to liquid fuels and electricity (CBtLE), paired with carbon capture and storage (CCS). The technology is ...

  4. 16 CFR 1512.18 - Tests and test procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... be guided by a tube with holes, but not restricted in free fall. Pedal reflectors are exempt from... surfaces, including spokes, masked in flat black so that when measured these surfaces indicate no... be masked off with opaque, matte black tape in testing the reflecting material. (ii)...

  5. 16 CFR 1512.18 - Tests and test procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... be guided by a tube with holes, but not restricted in free fall. Pedal reflectors are exempt from... surfaces, including spokes, masked in flat black so that when measured these surfaces indicate no... be masked off with opaque, matte black tape in testing the reflecting material. (ii)...

  6. Comparison of a Structured-LES and an Unstructured-DES Code for Predicting Combustion Instabilities in a Longitudinal Mode Rocket

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-01

    Structured-LES and an Unstructured-DES Code for Predicting Combustion Instabilities in a Longitudinal Mode Rocket 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT...Predicting Combustion Instabilities in a Longitudinal Mode Rocket Matt Harvazinski, Doug Tally, & Venke Sankaran Air Force Research Laboratory Edwards

  7. Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Volumetric Analysis: Novel Tools to Study Thyroid Hormone Disruption and Its Effect on White Matter Development

    EPA Science Inventory

    Humans and wildlife are exposed to environmental pollutants that have been shown to interfere with the thyroid hormone system and thus may affect brain development. Our goal was to expose pregnant rats to propylthiouracil (PTU) to measure the effects of a goitrogen on white matte...

  8. About EPA's Acting Chief of Staff

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Matt Fritz is the Chief of Staff at EPA. His responsibilities include serving as a key advisor to Administrator Gina McCarthy, managing the day-to-day operations of the agency and developing strategic initiatives to guide programmatic activities.

  9. Is It Possible for Teachers to Take Students beyond a Rudimentary Introduction to an Activity?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This brief article presents student and professor responses to the question: Is it possible for teachers to take students beyond a rudimentary introduction to an activity? [Responses to this question were provided by Kevin Reilly, Terra Marjonen, Scott A. G. M. Crawford, Jason S. Whitworth, Brianne Mahoney, Erin Sereduk, Sam Thielen, Matt Lassen,…

  10. 76 FR 79671 - Parker Knoll Hydro, LLC; Notice of Application Tendered for Filing With the Commission and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-22

    ... Mountain, near the Town of Richfield, Piute County, Utah. The project would occupy 458.7 acres of Federal... Knoll Hydro, LLC., 975 South State Highway, Logan, UT 84321; (435) 752-2580. i. FERC Contact: Matt... Mountain, in Piute County, Utah. The proposed project would be a closed-loop pumped storage system, with an...

  11. Gifted Asian American Adolescent Males: Portraits of Cultural Dilemmas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kao, Chen-yao; Hebert, Thomas P.

    2006-01-01

    Many gifted Asian American adolescent males face cultural issues that may impact their success. This article presents important cultural dilemmas faced by 2 gifted Asian American young men. Through a qualitative approach, the acculturation experiences of John and Matt, gifted Taiwanese, second generation immigrants, are described.…

  12. Rendezvous with a comet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taylor, Matt

    2014-10-01

    After making a successful rendezvous with Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko earlier this year, Europe's Rosetta craft is now riding alongside this celestial body and next month is set to land a probe on its surface. Matt Taylor describes the excitement of this unique project and the scientific insights that it hopes to achieve.

  13. News and Views: A VISTA of the Orion Nebula; Grote Reber Award; Leverhulme Prize; GNSS workshop; Farming in space; Space messages

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2010-04-01

    The recipient of the 2010 Grote Reber Award is Dr Alan Rogers, a Research Affiliate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Haystack Observatory. Matt King, a Reader in Polar Geodesy in the School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences at the University of Newcastle, was awarded a Philip Leverhulme Prize in 2009.

  14. Basic Media in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrell, John

    Intended as a guide to the use of different media for use in the classroom, this document demonstrates alternative approaches that may be taken to depicting and communicating images and concepts to others. Some basic tools and materials--including a ruler, matte knife, rubber cement, stapler, felt-tip pens, paint brushes, and lettering pens--are…

  15. Making the Case for Primary Care and Mandated Suicide Prevention Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stuber, Jennifer; Quinnett, Paul

    2013-01-01

    During its 2012 legislative session, Washington State passed ESHB 2366, otherwise known as the Matt Adler Suicide Assessment, Treatment, and Management Act of 2012. ESHB 2366 is a significant legislative achievement as it is the first law in the country to require certain health professionals to obtain continuing education in the assessment,…

  16. Is It Possible for Teachers to Take Students beyond a Rudimentary Introduction to an Activity?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This brief article presents student and professor responses to the question: Is it possible for teachers to take students beyond a rudimentary introduction to an activity? [Responses to this question were provided by Kevin Reilly, Terra Marjonen, Scott A. G. M. Crawford, Jason S. Whitworth, Brianne Mahoney, Erin Sereduk, Sam Thielen, Matt Lassen,…

  17. SEASONAL MODELING OF THE EXPORT OF POLLUTANTS FROM NORTH AMERICA USING THE MULTI-SCALE AIR QUALITY SIMULATION PLATFORM (MAQSIP)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Attention in recent years has focused on the trans-boundary transport of ozone and fine particulate matte between the United States and Mexico and Canada and across state boundaries in the United States. In a similar manner, but on a larger spatial scale, the export of pollutant...

  18. SEASONAL MODELING OF THE EXPORT OF POLLUTANTS FROM NORTH AMERICA USING THE MULTI-SCALE AIR QUALITY SIMULATION PLATFORM (MAQSIP)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Attention in recent years has focused on the trans-boundary transport of ozone and fine particulate matte between the United States and Mexico and Canada and across state boundaries in the United States. In a similar manner, but on a larger spatial scale, the export of pollutant...

  19. ARC-2011-ACD11-0012-012

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2011-01-26

    Technology Partnerships awards: Federal Laboratory Consortium Far West Region Award for Outstanding Technology Development for Multi-Aircraft Control System. In particular order are Connie Brasil, Todd Callantine, Al Globus, Jeff Homola, Rich Jacoby, George Lawton, Paul Lee, Matt Mainini, Joey Mercer, Ev Palmer, Tom Prevot, Nancy Smith, Easter Wang, James Wong.

  20. Educating "The Simpsons": Teaching Queer Representations in Contemporary Visual Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Padva, Gilad

    2008-01-01

    This article analyzes queer representation in contemporary visual media and examines how the episode "Homer's Phobia" from Matt Groening's animation series "The Simpsons" can be used to deconstruct hetero- and homo-sexual codes of behavior, socialization, articulation, representation and visibility. The analysis is contextualized in the…

  1. NASA Now: Newton’s Laws of Motion: Ballistics

    NASA Image and Video Library

    Newton’s Laws of Motion come to life every day in the Ballistics Impact Lab at NASA’s Glenn Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio! Aerospace engineer Matt Melis gives a tour of the three gas guns ...

  2. Distribution Behaviours of Cu, Co and Fe during Cu Smelter Slag Cleaning Process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Chao-bo; Li, Yun; Chen, Yong-ming; Yang, Sheng-hai; Ye, Long-gang; Xue, Hao-tian

    In order to achieve high recovery of Cu and Co during cobalt-bearing copper sulphide ore smelting process, reducing agent (coke) and sulphidizing agent (pyrite) were added into molten smelter slag for reducing-sulphidizing smelting to product Cu-Co matte. Effects of reductive atmosphere, pyrite dosage, smelting temperature and smelting duration on Cu, Co, Fe distribution behaviours were investigated. The results show that the distributions of Cu and Co are mainly enriched in Cu-Co matte, and the distribution ratio, LCu and LCo, improve with increasing of coke amount or pyrite addition, whereas above 6 wt.% coke or 20 wt.% pyrite, Cu and Co tend to transfer from matte to cleaned slag. A properly high temperature(1300°C) and smelting duration(3h) are beneficial to the enhancement of the distribution ratio of valuable metals, and under the given set of conditions, LCu >LCo generally. However, an undesired high Fe contents in matte limit further increase of LCu and LCo.

  3. 40 CFR 63.11151 - What definitions apply to this subpart?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... other effect to continuously monitor relative particulate matter loadings. Batch copper converter means... blister copper. Copper concentrate means copper ore that has been beneficiated to increase its copper... matte means a material predominately composed of copper and iron sulfides produced by smelting copper...

  4. Investigating the Relationship between Customer Wait Time and Operational Availability through Simulation Modeling

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-01

    NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA MBA PROFESSIONAL REPORT Investigating the Relationship between Customer Wait Time...Investigating the Relationship between Customer Wait Time and Operational Availability through Simulation Modeling 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S... RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CUSTOMER WAIT TIME AND OPERATIONAL AVAILABILITY THROUGH SIMULATION MODELING Dustin Thorn, Major, United States Marine Corps Matt

  5. Patterned Neuronal Networks for Robotics, Neurocomputing, Toxin Detection and Rehabilitation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-12-01

    PATTERNED NEURONAL NETWORKS FOR ROBOTICS, NEUROCOMPUTING, TOXIN DETECTION AND REHABILITATION Jung F. Kang*, Matt Poeta, Lisa Riedel, Mainak Das...systems work, how neuronal networks can process information and how basic physiological control circuits function 2) exploring the possibilities for...to engineer neuronal networks . Surface chemistry utilizing self- assembled monolayers (Laibinis, Hickman et al. 1989) (SAMs) is an excellent

  6. Zombie physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ornes, Stephen

    2016-05-01

    What makes for a fun student project that provides useful results, a journal publication and a high-profile conference talk? Stephen Ornes describes how Alex Alemi and Matt Bierbaum spiced up their learning by mixing statistical physics with their love of zombie tales.

  7. U.S. EPA to Announce Millions to Improve Local Water Infrastructure, Water Quality Statewide

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    LOS ANGELES - Tomorrow, U.S. EPA Regional Administrator Jared Blumenfeld will be joined by City of Carlsbad Mayor Matt Hall to announce millions of dollars in funding to the state that will improve local water infrastructure and control water pollution st

  8. RAND Arroyo Center Annual Report 2009

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    The doctoral program is available through the Pardee RAND Graduate School, a separate unit of the RAND Corporation; Army officers enrolled as...Major Mathew Guerrie (standing) and Matt Lewis and Aimee Bower (seated). 2 6 r e s e A r c h A g e n D A To accomplish its mission, the program

  9. Transparent Watercolor. Art Education: 6673.07.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenaway, Jean E.

    An introductory course designed to develop skills and techniques in transparent watercolor offers an exploration of a variety of techniques emphasizing drawing and composition and allowing the student to create and matt his own paintings. Students in grades 7 through 12 develop competencies in flat and graded wash and dry and stipple brush…

  10. Participation Cartography: Blurring the Boundaries of Space, Autobiography, and Memory by Means of Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sotelo-Castro, Luis Carlos

    2010-01-01

    In this article, I focus on the empowering potential of a participatory practice that frames walking as integral to a performative, self-mapping, and aesthetic process. By discussing my experience as a participant in "Ere Be Dragons" (2007), a work by the artists collective Active Ingredient (Rachel Jacobs and Matt Watkins), I set out some new…

  11. Respiratory Deposition of Fine and Coarse Particles during Moderate Exercise

    EPA Science Inventory

    During exercise breathing patterns change by increasing ventilation rate and this has a direct impact on risk to exposure to ambient pollutants. Although the number of people increases participating in more active life styles, specific data for lung deposition of particulate matt...

  12. Masters of the universe?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Austin, Matt; Stock, Dave

    2010-08-01

    MEETING REPORT Massive stars make a profound impact on their surroundings, their galaxies and the evolution of the universe as a whole. Matt Austin and Dave Stock report on an RAS Discussion Meeting that considered current progress in understanding these complex stars.

  13. Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Volumetric Analysis: Novel Tools to Study Thyroid Hormone Disruption and Its Effect on White Matter Development

    EPA Science Inventory

    Humans and wildlife are exposed to environmental pollutants that have been shown to interfere with the thyroid hormone system and thus may affect brain development. Our goal was to expose pregnant rats to propylthiouracil (PTU) to measure the effects of a goitrogen on white matte...

  14. Parenting the Gifted: The Ongoing Riddle of Which Nurture is Best for What Nature: Parents Promoting Gifted Potential

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haensly, Patricia

    2004-01-01

    Matt Ridley, an Oxford-trained zoologist and science writer whose latest book is "Nature via Nurture: Genes, Experience, and What Makes Us Human" (2003a), wrote such an impressively clear and fascinating piece on "What Makes You Who You Are" that the author decided to use it to introduce the continuing pursuit of "What do I do to best promote…

  15. 75 FR 29199 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-25

    ...: Collier City of Marco Island, February 19, 2010; Mr. Stephen T. Thompson, February 9, 2010 120426 (09-04..., Suite 910, Ogden, UT 84401. Washington: King City of Snoqualmie, February 5, 2010; The Honorable Matt.... Snoqualmie, P.O. Box 987, Snoqualmie, WA 98065. King Unincorporated areas February 5, 2010; The Honorable...

  16. Intellectualist Aristotelian Character Education: An Outline and Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferkany, Matt; Creed, Benjamin

    2014-01-01

    Since its resurgence in the 1990s, character education has been subject to a bevy of common criticisms, including that it is didactic and crudely behaviorist; premised on a faulty trait psychology; victim-blaming; culturally imperialist, racist, religious, or ideologically conservative; and many other horrible things besides. Matt Ferkany and…

  17. Photo-magnonics: excitation of magnonic materials by femtosecond laser pulses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Muenzenberg, Markus

    2010-03-01

    Analogue the photonic crystals, a periodic modification of a magnetic material is prepared by forming an anti-dot lattice for spin waves. The resulting bands are generally complex in the magnetic case because of different dispersions along different magnetization directions (backward volume and Damon-Eshbach mode). They depend on the variation strength of the periodic magnetostatic potential. All-optical femtosecond laser experiments allow the excitation of spin-waves with comparable amplitudes as field pulse and resonance techniques today. It is a promising valuable alternative method to study spin-waves and their relaxation paths in a magnonic material. Laser pulses with a duration of 60 fs from a Ti:Sapphire regenerative laser system are used for optical excitation (pump pulse) as well as for the observation of the subsequent magnetic relaxation (probe pulse). The initial local single spin-flip excitation is subsequently decaying into spin waves lower in energy within the pico- and nanosecond regime over a wide spectral range. In focus of our investigation is the propagation and localization of dipolar surface modes (Damon-Eshbach) in thin Nickel and (low damped) CoFeB film cubic and hexagonal lattice structures. Their mode dispersion is measured by applying different magnetic fields which shift the energy of the mode and allows identifying them. We find well defined modes in the condensed state with a specific pronounced k-value determining the properties of the propagating spin wave. One example for a distinct modification of the magnonic periodic structure is a line defect that can function as a wave guide inside the magnonic gap region. An increased intensity of the Damon Eshbach mode by a factor of two is found in the wave guide region. A study of these wave guides will allow to specifically design the material properties, making magnonic materials the material of choice for advanced spin computing devices.

  18. Nickel Ion Release from Three Types of Nickel-titanium-based Orthodontic Archwires in the As-received State and After Oral Simulation

    PubMed Central

    Ramazanzadeh, Barat Ali; Ahrari, Farzaneh; Sabzevari, Berahman; Habibi, Samaneh

    2014-01-01

    Background and aims. This study aimed to investigate release of nickel ion from three types of nickel-titanium-based wires in the as-received state and after immersion in a simulated oral environment. Materials and methods. Forty specimens from each of the single-strand NiTi (Rematitan "Lite"), multi-strand NiTi (SPEED Supercable) and Copper NiTi (Damon Copper NiTi) were selected. Twenty specimens from each type were used in the as-received state and the others were kept in deflected state at 37ºC for 2 months followed by autoclave sterilization. The as-received and recycled wire specimens were immersed in glass bottles containing 1.8 mL of artificial saliva for 28 days and the amount of nickel ion released into the electrolyte was determined using atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Results. The single-strand NiTi released the highest quantity of nickel ion in the as-received state and the multi-strand NiTi showed the highest ion release after oral simulation. The quantity of nickelion released from Damon Copper NiTi was the lowest in both conditions. Oral simulation followed by sterilization did not have a significant influence on nickel ion release from multi-strand NiTi and Damon Copper NiTi wires, but single-strand NiTi released statistically lower quantities of nickel ion after oral simulation. Conclusion. The multi-strand nature of Supercable did not enhance the potential of corrosion after immersion in the simulated oral environment. In vitro use of nickel-titanium-based archwires followed by sterilization did not significantly increase the amount of nickel ion released from these wires. PMID:25093049

  19. Books in Action: Armed Services Editions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-01-01

    Evidence of Things Seen E-126 DAMON, BERTHA. A Sense of Humus R-14 DAMPIER, SIR WILLIAM CECIL . A Shorter History of Science 1221 DANIELS, JONATHAN...32 HERMAN, FRED. Dynamite Cargo 1056 HERRICK, ROBERT. Love Poems (Edited by Louis Untermeyer)t B-57 HERRING, HUBERT . Good Neighbors 1278 HERRON...Days and Nights o-9 SIODMAK, CURT. Donovan’s Brain N- 16 SIRINGO, CHARLES A. Riata and Spurs P-9 SKIDMORE, HUBERT D. ValleY of the Sky Q-1 SKINNER

  20. Reconfigurable heat-induced spin wave lenses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dzyapko, O.; Borisenko, I. V.; Demidov, V. E.; Pernice, W.; Demokritov, S. O.

    2016-12-01

    We study the control and manipulation of propagating spin waves in yttrium iron garnet films using a local laser-induced heating. We show that, due to the refraction of spin waves in the thermal gradients, the heated region acts as a defocusing lens for Damon-Eshbach spin waves and as a focusing lens for backward volume waves enabling collimation of spin-wave beams in the latter case. In addition to the focusing/defocusing functionality, the local heating allows one to manipulate the propagation direction of the spin-wave beams and to efficiently suppress their diffraction spreading by utilizing caustic effects.

  1. Observation and suppression of quantized spin waves in microfabricated permalloy elements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamamoto, Tatsuya; Seki, Takeshi; Ono, Shimpei; Takanashi, Koki

    2014-01-01

    We report the observation and suppression of quantized spin wave modes in a microfabricated rectangular permalloy (Py) element. The Py element was located on a coplanar waveguide and was connected to a Cu wire. The quantized Damon-Eshbach spin wave and the perpendicular standing spin wave modes appeared in the resonance spectra for the Py elements. Those non-uniform magnetization dynamics were suppressed when the non-uniformity of the radio frequency magnetic field for the excitation was reduced by changing the design of the device structure.

  2. Temperature dependence of the linewidth of spin-waves in Co/CoO bilayers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moradi, H.

    2004-07-01

    Broadening of spin-wave modes in the ferromagnetic thin layer with temperature is investigated within the Born approximation in a coupled ferromagnetic/anti-ferromagnetic bilayer. The Damon-Eschbach mode is used as a model to calculate the frequency of spin-waves in the ferromagnetic layer. Exchange bias by interface coupling and a random magnetic field due to inhomgeneities of the interface are represented by an effective field. Within this model we can explain the observed broadening of spin wave modes with temperature.

  3. Quantization of spin waves in oval-shaped nanorings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tan, C. G.; Lim, H. S.; Wang, Z. K.; Ng, S. C.; Kuok, M. H.; Goolaup, S.; Adeyeye, A. O.; Singh, N.

    Regular arrays of oval-shaped permalloy nanorings have been fabricated using deep ultraviolet lithography and their spin dynamics measured by Brillouin light scattering with the magnetic field applied along long (easy) axes of the rings. The dispersionless behavior of the spin wave modes observed reveals their standing wave nature. Two-dimensional simulations and analytical calculations have been performed for a single isolated nanoring. Results reveal that the observed modes can be interpreted in terms of quantized Damon-Eshbach modes due to lateral confinement in the finite size rings.

  4. Generation of propagating backward volume spin waves by phase-sensitive mode conversion in two-dimensional microstructures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brächer, T.; Pirro, P.; Westermann, J.; Sebastian, T.; Lägel, B.; Van de Wiele, B.; Vansteenkiste, A.; Hillebrands, B.

    2013-04-01

    We present the generation of propagating backward volume (BV) spin waves in a T shaped Ni81Fe19 microstructure. These waves are created from counterpropagating Damon Eshbach spin waves, which are excited using microstrip antennas. By employing Brillouin light scattering microscopy, we show how the phase relation between the counterpropagating waves determines the mode generated in the center of the structure, and prove its propagation inside the longitudinally magnetized part of the T shaped microstructure. This gives access to the effective generation of backward volume spin waves with full control over the generated transverse mode.

  5. Influence of the magnetic tip in ferromagnetic resonance force microscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Charbois, V.; Naletov, V. V.; Youssef, J. Ben; Klein, O.

    2002-06-01

    We compare mechanically detected ferromagnetic resonance spectra for different separations h between the magnetic tip and sample surface. When the bias field generated by the tip is smaller than a few hundred gauss, the prominent changes are shifts of the entire spectrum (without line shape distortions) to higher frequency as h decreases. These results are in agreement with the Damon and Eshbach model for spin waves propagating in a potential perturbed by the additional field of the probe magnet. It is used to predict the spatial resolution limit for magnetostatic modes bounded by the stray field of the tip. The answer is approx4 mum for yttrium iron garnet.

  6. Interface effects on the magnetic properties of exchange coupled Co/Fe multilayers studied by Brillouin light scattering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    D'Orazio, F.; Lucari, F.; Carlotti, G.; Gubbiotti, G.; Carbucicchio, M.; Ruggiero, G.

    2001-05-01

    Exchange-coupled 5[Co ( x) /Fe (3 x) ]/Co ( x) with x=5, 10, 15 nm multilayers were grown by UHV electron-beam evaporation. The influence of the interface magnetic anisotropy and interlayer exchange interaction on the magnetic properties was studied by means of Brillouin light scattering from thermally excited spin waves. Both the Damon-Eshbach surface mode of the total multilayer and bulk standing modes are present in the BLS spectra. A careful study of spin waves frequency dependence on the applied magnetic field allowed the determination of the magnetic parameters of the Co/Fe multilayers.

  7. Mechanical detection of ferromagnetic resonance spectrum in a normally magnetized yttrium-iron-garnet disk

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Charbois, V.; Naletov, V. V.; Ben Youssef, J.; Klein, O.

    2002-05-01

    The ferromagnetic resonance spectrum of a normally magnetized yttrium-iron-garnet disk, with thickness of 4.75 μm and radius of 80 μm, is measured at room temperature both by magnetic resonance force microscopy and by standard detection of the microwave susceptibility. The comparison indicates that magnetic resonance force microscopy represents one of the most potent means of obtaining the complete ferromagnetic resonance spectra of micron-size samples. In the weak coupling regime, the measured data can be quantitatively understood within the framework of the Damon and Eshbach model.

  8. Spin-wave modes in granular superferromagnetic (SiO2)Co/GaAs films observed using Brillouin light scattering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stashkevich, A. A.; Roussigné, Y.; Stognij, A. I.; Novitskii, N. N.; Kostylev, M. P.; Wurtz, G. A.; Zayats, A. V.; Lutsev, L.

    2008-12-01

    Behavior of dipole-exchange spin waves (SWs) in the Damon-Eshbach geometry in a nanocomposite (SiO2)100-xCox superferromagnetic (x=80at.%) film has been studied by Brillouin light scattering. The measured value of the effective exchange constant turned out to be three times less than its value for the bulk cobalt. A qualitative theoretical model has been proposed to explain this reduction. It has been shown that the “superspin” approximation, identifying each nanoparticle with a “magnetic point” with no internal structure, is not sufficient to account for the description of the SW behavior of a concentrated nanocomposite medium.

  9. Brillouin light scattering observation of the transition from the superparamagnetic to the superferromagnetic state in nanogranular (SiO2)Co films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stashkevich, A. A.; Roussigné, Y.; Djemia, P.; Billet, D.; Stognij, A. I.; Novitskii, N. N.; Wurtz, G. A.; Zayats, A. V.; Viau, G.; Chaboussant, G.; Ott, F.; Gautrot, S.; Kostylev, M. P.; Lutsev, L. V.; Belotelov, V.

    2008-11-01

    Evolution of magnetic excitations from purely magnetostatic modes to dipole-exchange spin waves in the Damon-Eshbach geometry in nanocomposite (SiO2)100-xCox (50 at. %

  10. Direct Excitation of Propagating Spin Waves by Focused Ultrashort Optical Pulses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Au, Y.; Dvornik, M.; Davison, T.; Ahmad, E.; Keatley, P. S.; Vansteenkiste, A.; Van Waeyenberge, B.; Kruglyak, V. V.

    2013-03-01

    An all-optical experiment long utilized to image phonons excited by ultrashort optical pulses has been applied to a magnetic sample. In addition to circular ripples due to surface acoustic waves, we observe an X-shaped pattern formed by propagating spin waves. The emission of spin waves from the optical pulse epicenter in the form of collimated beams is qualitatively reproduced by micromagnetic simulations. We explain the observed pattern in terms of the group velocity distribution of Damon-Eshbach magnetostatic spin waves in the reciprocal space and the wave vector spectrum of the focused ultrafast laser pulse.

  11. Magnetic excitations in (SiO 2)Co nano-composite films: Brillouin light scattering study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stashkevich, A. A.; Roussigné, Y.; Stognij, A. I.; Novitskii, N. I.; Wurtz, G.; Zayats, A. V.; Viau, G.; Chaboussant, G.; Ott, F.; Lutsev, L. V.; Djemia, P.; Kostylev, M. P.; Belotelov, V.

    2009-04-01

    Behaviour of magnetic excitations in the Damon-Eshbach (DE) and backward volume (BV) geometries in nano-composite (SiO 2) 100-xCo x (50% at< x<80% at) films has been studied by Brillouin light scattering (BLS). It has been shown that it is the structure of Stokes/anti-Stokes BLS lines in the DE geometry that allows reliable identification of dipole-exchange spin waves (SW) and numerical estimation of the value of the effective exchange constant A eff of a super-ferromagnetic nano-granular sample ( x=80% at).

  12. Symmetry dependence of spin-wave eigenmodes in Landau-domain patterns

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bolte, M.; Meier, G.; Bayer, C.

    2007-09-01

    Spin-wave eigenmodes in thin permalloy squares with Landau-domain patterns are investigated by micromagnetic simulation. Both the spatial symmetry of an exciting field pulse and the symmetry of the internal field determine the frequency and spatial distribution of the spin waves. With each symmetry, only a subset of all the possible eigenmodes can be observed. Our findings confirm the presence of longitudinally and transversally localized modes. Comparison with dispersion relations from analytical theory allows the unambiguous identification of the modes as backward volume and Damon-Eshbach modes, respectively.

  13. Spin-wave population in nickel after femtosecond laser pulse excitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lenk, Benjamin; Eilers, Gerrit; Hamrle, Jaroslav; Münzenberg, Markus

    2010-10-01

    The spin-wave relaxation mechanisms after intense laser excitation in ferromagnetic nickel films are investigated with all-optical pump-probe experiments. Uniform precession (Kittel mode), Damon-Eshbach surface modes and perpendicular standing spin waves can be identified by their dispersion ω(Hext) . However, different to other ferromagnets ω(Hext) deviates from the expected behavior. Namely, a mode discontinuity is observed that can be attributed to a nonlinear process. Above a critical field the power spectrum reveals a redistribution of the energy within the spin-wave spectrum populated.

  14. KSC-08pd1929

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2008-07-10

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – In the tile shop at NASA's Kennedy Space Center, United Space Alliance technician Damon Petty appies a TUFI coating to Boeing Rigid Insulation-18, or BRI-18, tile. BRI-18 is the strongest material used for thermal insulation on the orbiters and, when coated to produce toughened unipiece fibrous insulation, provides a tile with extremely high-impact resistance. It is replacing other tiles on areas of the vehicle where impact risk is high, such as the landing gear doors, the wing leading edge and the external tank doors. Photo credit: NASA/Jim Grossmann

  15. Generation of propagating backward volume spin waves by phase-sensitive mode conversion in two-dimensional microstructures

    SciTech Connect

    Braecher, T.; Sebastian, T.; Pirro, P.; Westermann, J.; Laegel, B.; Hillebrands, B.; Van de Wiele, B.; Vansteenkiste, A.

    2013-04-01

    We present the generation of propagating backward volume (BV) spin waves in a T shaped Ni{sub 81}Fe{sub 19} microstructure. These waves are created from counterpropagating Damon Eshbach spin waves, which are excited using microstrip antennas. By employing Brillouin light scattering microscopy, we show how the phase relation between the counterpropagating waves determines the mode generated in the center of the structure, and prove its propagation inside the longitudinally magnetized part of the T shaped microstructure. This gives access to the effective generation of backward volume spin waves with full control over the generated transverse mode.

  16. Development of High Level Electrical Stress Failure Threshold and Prediction Model for Small Scale Junction Integrated Circuits

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-09-01

    Integrated Circuits i! By Hugh B . O’Denneil and Dante M. Tasca f ’.T ?• "Prepared byGeneral Electric Space Division . . Valley Forge Space Center...oHihLvElectrica Spc Division-ort Valele forg SpalScae Center nInerae II.~~~~S CONTROLLINR OFICRAMANNADRS b -/ 14 MONIT ORI GANIZEINC N AME & A NDOESf ADD fRESS...f10Cetr~~Offr) . SRCURIAY CLASSN . PROf ET TASK~pf HarnryDamon Labori SatorDiiesio ARE 6- WORK Unclassified AeP.i. Bo D 20783 SCiadlEDaULE110 16

  17. GOES-R Science Briefing

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2016-11-17

    In the Kennedy Space Center's Press Site auditorium, Damon Penn, assistant administrator for response at the Federal Emergency Management Agency, speaks to the media during a mission briefing on the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES-R). GOES-R is the first satellite in a series of next-generation GOES satellites for NOAA, the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. It will launch to a geostationary orbit over the western hemisphere to provide images of storms and help meteorologists predict severe weather conditionals and develop long-range forecasts.

  18. NASA Goddard's Shorty Awards Campaign Video

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-09-27

    NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., was nominated for a 2013 Shorty award. This video offers just a small slice of what goes on at Goddard. shortyawards.com/nasagoddard Music: Title- Agent of Justice Damon Criswell, composer Published by Ocean Life Music Credit: NASA/Goddard NASA image use policy. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center enables NASA’s mission through four scientific endeavors: Earth Science, Heliophysics, Solar System Exploration, and Astrophysics. Goddard plays a leading role in NASA’s accomplishments by contributing compelling scientific knowledge to advance the Agency’s mission. Follow us on Twitter Like us on Facebook Find us on Instagram

  19. Direct excitation of propagating spin waves by focused ultrashort optical pulses.

    PubMed

    Au, Y; Dvornik, M; Davison, T; Ahmad, E; Keatley, P S; Vansteenkiste, A; Van Waeyenberge, B; Kruglyak, V V

    2013-03-01

    An all-optical experiment long utilized to image phonons excited by ultrashort optical pulses has been applied to a magnetic sample. In addition to circular ripples due to surface acoustic waves, we observe an X-shaped pattern formed by propagating spin waves. The emission of spin waves from the optical pulse epicenter in the form of collimated beams is qualitatively reproduced by micromagnetic simulations. We explain the observed pattern in terms of the group velocity distribution of Damon-Eshbach magnetostatic spin waves in the reciprocal space and the wave vector spectrum of the focused ultrafast laser pulse.

  20. KSC-2012-1592

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2012-03-01

    CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Damon Petty, a United Space Alliance technician at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, inspects a heat shield tile that will be installed to the backshell of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle's Exploration Flight Test EFT-1 capsule. The work to manufacture and inspect the tiles is taking place in Kennedy's Thermal Protection System Facility. EFT-1 will be used during Orion's first test flight in space. For more information, visit www.nasa.gov/orion. Photo credit: Frankie Martin

  1. Toxicological risks to humans of toxaphene residues in fish.

    PubMed

    Leonards, Pim E G; Besselink, Harrie; Klungsøyr, Jarle; McHugh, Brendan; Nixon, Eugene; Rimkus, Gerhard G; Brouwer, Abraham; de Boer, Jacob

    2012-07-01

    A revised risk assessment for toxaphene was developed, based on the assumption that fish consumers are only exposed to toxaphene residues that differ substantially from technical toxaphene due to environmental degradation and metabolism. In vitro studies confirmed that both technical toxaphene and degraded toxaphene inhibit gap junctional intercellular communication that correlates with the mechanistic potential to cause tumor promotion. In vivo rat studies established the NOAEL for degraded and technical toxaphene at the highest dose tested in the bioassay. Toxaphene residue intakes from European fishery products were estimated and compared to the provisional tolerable daily intakes (TDIs) from various regulatory agencies including Canada, the United States, and Germany. The estimated intake was also compared to a new calculated provisional MATT pTDI. The MATT pTDI is based on new toxicological information (in vivo rat studies) developed on a model for environmental toxaphene residues rather than technical toxaphene. A MATT pTDI (1.08 mg total toxaphene for a person of 60 kg) for tumor promotion potency was adopted for use in Europe and is referred to here as the MATT pTDI. These new data result in a better estimate of safety and a higher TDI than previously used. Based on realistic fish consumption data and recent baseline concentration data of toxaphene in European fishery products, the toxaphene intake for the consumers of Germany, Ireland, Norway, and the Netherlands was estimated. For an average adult fish consumer, the average daily intake of toxaphene was estimated to be 1.2, 0.4, 0.5, and 0.2 µg for the consumers of Norway, Germany, Ireland, and the Netherlands, respectively. The toxaphene intake of these average fish consumers was far below the MATT pTDI of 1.08 mg/60 kg bw. In conclusion, based on the most relevant toxicological studies and the most realistic estimates of fish consumption and recent concentrations of toxaphene in European fishery

  2. Interface boundary conditions for dynamic magnetization and spin wave dynamics in a ferromagnetic layer with the interface Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction

    SciTech Connect

    Kostylev, M.

    2014-06-21

    In this work, we derive the interface exchange boundary conditions for the classical linear dynamics of magnetization in ferromagnetic layers with the interface Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (IDMI). We show that IDMI leads to pinning of dynamic magnetization at the interface. An unusual peculiarity of the IDMI-based pinning is that its scales as the spin-wave wave number. We incorporate these boundary conditions into an existing numerical model for the dynamics of the Damon-Eshbach spin wave in ferromagnetic films. IDMI affects the dispersion and the frequency non-reciprocity of the travelling Damon-Eshbach spin wave. For a broad range of film thicknesses L and wave numbers, the results of the numerical simulations of the spin wave dispersion are in a good agreement with a simple analytical expression, which shows that the contribution of IDMI to the dispersion scales as 1/L, similarly to the effect of other types of interfacial anisotropy. Suggestions to experimentalists how to detect the presence of IDMI in a spin wave experiment are given.

  3. Design of an Orthodontic Torque Simulator for Measurement of Bracket Deformation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Melenka, G. W.; Nobes, D. S.; Major, P. W.; Carey, J. P.

    2013-12-01

    The design and testing of an orthodontic torque simulator that reproduces the effect of archwire rotation on orthodontic brackets is described. This unique device is capable of simultaneously measuring the deformation and loads applied to an orthodontic bracket due to archwire rotation. Archwire rotation is used by orthodontists to correct the inclination of teeth within the mouth. This orthodontic torque simulator will provide knowledge of the deformation and loads applied to orthodontic bracket that will aide clinicians by describing the effect of archwire rotation on brackets. This will also impact that design on new archwirebracket systems by providing an assessment of performance. Deformation of the orthodontic bracket tie wings is measured using a digital image correlation process to measure elastic and plastic deformation. The magnitude of force and moments applied to the bracket though the archwire is also measured using a six-axis load cell. Initial tests have been performed on two orthodontic brackets of varying geometry to demonstrate the measurement capability of the orthodontic torque simulator. The demonstration experiment shows that a Damon Q bracket had a final plastic deformation after a single loading of 0.022 mm while the Speed bracket deformed 0.071 mm. This indicates that the Speed bracket plastically deforms 3.2 times more than the Damon Q bracket for similar magnitude of applied moment. The demonstration experiment demonstrates that bracket geometry affect the deformation of orthodontic brackets and this difference can be detected using the orthodontic torque simulator.

  4. Interface boundary conditions for dynamic magnetization and spin wave dynamics in a ferromagnetic layer with the interface Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kostylev, M.

    2014-06-01

    In this work, we derive the interface exchange boundary conditions for the classical linear dynamics of magnetization in ferromagnetic layers with the interface Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (IDMI). We show that IDMI leads to pinning of dynamic magnetization at the interface. An unusual peculiarity of the IDMI-based pinning is that its scales as the spin-wave wave number. We incorporate these boundary conditions into an existing numerical model for the dynamics of the Damon-Eshbach spin wave in ferromagnetic films. IDMI affects the dispersion and the frequency non-reciprocity of the travelling Damon-Eshbach spin wave. For a broad range of film thicknesses L and wave numbers, the results of the numerical simulations of the spin wave dispersion are in a good agreement with a simple analytical expression, which shows that the contribution of IDMI to the dispersion scales as 1/L, similarly to the effect of other types of interfacial anisotropy. Suggestions to experimentalists how to detect the presence of IDMI in a spin wave experiment are given.

  5. Non-reciprocity of dipole-exchange spin waves in thin ferromagnetic films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kostylev, M.

    2013-02-01

    The non-reciprocity and asymmetry of the modal profiles for dipole-exchange spin waves have been investigated theoretically. We were interested in the most important case for applications: the waves propagating in in-plane magnetized ferromagnetic films at a right angle to the applied magnetic field. For large-magnetic moment ferromagnetic metallic films with typical thicknesses 10-60 nm which are largely considered promising for magnonic and spintronic applications, the contribution of exchange energy to the total magnetic energy is important; however, their dynamics is most often treated using the exchange-free Damon-Eschbach approach. In this work, we show that although this approach is valid for treatment of wave dispersion, it fails to properly describe such fundamental property of wave excitations as wave modal profiles. Namely we show that the fundamental mode of the dipole-exchange spectrum is localized at the film surface opposite to the surface of localization of the exchange-free Damon-Eshbach surface wave. This "anomalous" localization of the wave does not affect the non-reciprocity of spin wave excitation by microstrip and coplanar transducers but may be detected in other types of experiments.

  6. Brillouin light scattering investigation of dynamic spin modes confined in cylindrical Permalloy dots

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gubbiotti, G.; Carlotti, G.; Okuno, T.; Shinjo, T.; Nizzoli, F.; Zivieri, R.

    2003-11-01

    The quantized mode spectrum of standing spin waves and edge modes in cylindrical Permalloy dots with a radius R in the range between 100 and 500 nm, thickness L=50 nm, and separation 2R, is examined from both experimental and theoretical points of view. Brillouin scattering measurements in the Damon-Eshbach geometry give evidence of a marked discretization of the spectra with respect to that of the continuous Permalloy film. The modes can be classified into two distinct families according to their frequency. The upper one consists of the usual Damon-Eshbach, dipole-exchange modes. The modes belonging to the lower family, instead, oscillate parallel to the applied field and are reminescent of the backward modes of the film. Brillouin measurements performed with the applied field parallel to the transferred spin-wave wave vector, confirm this interpretation. The frequencies of these waves have been calculated using a simple theoretical model including the exchange field. Also, a laterally confined mode belonging to this family is observed and its frequency is independent on the dot radius.

  7. Evaluation of Friction in Orthodontics Using Various Brackets and Archwire Combinations-An in Vitro Study

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Sujeet; Hamsa P.R, Rani; Ahmed, Sameer; Prasanthma; Bhatnagar, Apoorva; Sidhu, Manreet; Shetty, Pramod

    2014-01-01

    AIM: The aim of this study was to compare frictional resistance which was produced between conventional brackets (0.022 slot Otho-Organiser) and self ligating brackets (active Forestadent and passive Damon III) by using various arch wire combinations (0.016 Niti, 0.018 Niti, 0.017 x 0.025 SS and 0.019 x 0.025 SS). Methods: An experimental model which consisted of 5 aligned stainless steel 0.022-in brackets was used to assess frictional forces which were produced by SLBs (self ligating brackets) and CELs (conventional elastomeric ligatures) with use of 0.016 nickel titanium, 0.018 nickel titanium, 0.017 X 0.025”stainless steel and 0.019 X 0.025”stainless steel wires. Statistical analysis: One way ANOVA test was used to study the effect of the bracket type, wire alloy and section on frictional resistance test . Results: Conventional brackets produced highest levels of friction for all bracket/archwire combinations. Both Damon III and Forestadent brackets were found to produce significantly lower levels of friction when they were compared with elastomerically tied conventional brackets. Conclusion: SLBs are valid alternatives for low friction during sliding mechanics. PMID:24995241

  8. Asperger through the looking glass: an exploratory study of self-understanding in people with Asperger's syndrome.

    PubMed

    Jackson, Paul; Skirrow, Paul; Hare, Dougal Julian

    2012-05-01

    Hobson (Autism and the development of mind. Lawrence Erlbaum, Hove, UK 1993) has proposed that the cognitive and linguistic disabilities that characterise autism result from abnormalities in inter-subjective engagement during infancy, which in turn results in impaired reflective self-awareness. The aim of the present study was to test Hobson's hypothesis by examining self-understanding in Asperger's syndrome (AS) using Damon and Hart's (Self-understanding in childhood and adolescence. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1988) model of self-concept. Ten participants with Asperger's syndrome were compared with ten non AS controls using the Self-understanding Interview (Damon and Hart in Self-understanding in Childhood and Adolescence. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1988). The study found that the Asperger's group demonstrated impairment in the "self-as-object" and "self-as-subject" domains of the Self-understanding Interview, which supported Hobson's concept of an impaired capacity for self-awareness and self-reflection in people with ASD. The results are discussed with reference to previous research regarding the development of self-understanding in people with ASD.

  9. Failure Criterion For Isotropic Time Dependent Materials Which Accounts for Multi-Axial Loading

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Richardson, D. E.; Anderson, G. L.; Macon, D. J.

    2003-01-01

    The Space Shuttle's Reusable Solid Rocket Motor (RSRM) nozzle program has recently conducted testing to characterize the effects of multi-axial loading, temperature and time on the failure characteristics of TIGA321, EA913NA, EA946 (three filled epoxy adhesives). From the test data a "Multi-Axial, Temperature, and Time Dependent" or MATT failure criterion was developed. It is shown that this criterion simplifies, for constant load and constant load rate conditions, into a form that can be easily used for stress analysis. Failure for TIGA321 and EA913NA are characterized below their glass transition temperature. Failure for EA946 is characterized for conditions that pass through its glass transition. The MATT failure criterion is shown to be accurate for a wide range of conditions for these adhesives.

  10. Polarized light diffusely scattered under smooth and rough interfaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Germer, Thomas A.

    2003-12-01

    We develop models for light scattering appropriate for glossy and matte paints. Volume scattering is treated in the single scattering regime and the diffusive scattering regime. In the single scattering regime, scattering is treated in the Rayleigh-Gans approximation, using a Henyey-Greenstein phase function. Interaction of the light with the smooth or rough interface is treated in the facet approximation. The theory for transmissive light scattering by a rough interface in the facet approximation is presented. To treat volume scattering under a rough interface, a Monte Carlo approach is used, where light is allowed to interact with the surface twice, once upon entering the material and once upon exiting. We compare the polarization and intensity predicted by the models with experimental data from glossy and matte paint samples. The results indicate that the new models are an improvement over the Maxwell-Beard model.

  11. In vivo surface wear mechanisms of femoral components of cemented total hip arthroplasties: the influence of wear mechanism on clinical outcome.

    PubMed

    Howell, J R; Blunt, L A; Doyle, C; Hooper, R M; Lee, A J C; Ling, R S M

    2004-01-01

    The appearance and mechanism of femoral stem wear was studied in 172 retrieved femoral components, of which 74 stems had been stable in vivo. Macroscopic, microscopic, and nano-level scales of examination were used. Loss of stem surface in response to micromotion (wear) was found to affect 93% of stems. However, changes were frequently difficult to see with the naked eye, and in 19% of cases they would have been missed completely without the use of light microscopy. The surface finish of the prosthesis determined the mechanism of stem wear. Matte surfaces showed typical abrasive processes that also damage the cement, releasing particulate debris from the cement and metal surfaces. This may destabilize the stem within the cement. Polished stems showed a typical fretting appearance with retention of debris on the stem surface and without significant damage to the cement. These differences in wear mechanism between matte and polished stems have significant effects on stem function.

  12. King Receives 2012 Geodesy Section Award: Citation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clarke, Peter; Anandakrishnan, Sridhar

    2013-10-01

    We have known Matt for more than a decade, since shortly after he completed his Ph.D. research at the University of Tasmania, Australia, in 2001 and relocated to Newcastle University, U.K. His work has concerned geodetic applications in solid Earth and cryospheric studies, with his pioneering use of precise Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) in glaciology especially notable. His research has involved novel and fruitful studies to mitigate a range of GNSS error phenomena, particularly subdaily errors related to tides and multipath and their biasing effects on longer-term coordinate time series. From these technical insights, Matt and collaborating glaciologists have made groundbreaking discoveries of the nonlinear behavior of glaciers and ice streams. His current research efforts focus on constraining Antarctic Holocene deglaciation and Earth rheology through measurements of glacial isostatic adjustment (GIA), with an end goal of improving our understanding of the present-day ice mass balance.

  13. Copper foils with gradient structure in thickness direction and different roughnesses on two surfaces fabricated by double rolling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xi-yong; Liu, Xue-feng; Zou, Wen-jiang; Xie, Jian-xin

    2013-12-01

    Copper foils with gradient structure in thickness direction and different roughnesses on two surfaces were fabricated by double rolling. The two surface morphologies of double-rolled copper foils are quite different, and the surface roughness values are 61 and 1095 nm, respectively. The roughness value of matt surface can meet the requirement for bonding the resin matrix with copper foils used for flexible printed circuit boards, thus may omit traditional roughening treatment; the microstructure of double-rolled copper foils demonstrates an obviously asymmetric gradient feature. From bright surface to matt surface in thickness direction, the average grain size first increases from 2.3 to 7.4 μm and then decreases to 3.6 μm; compared with conventional rolled copper foils, the double-rolled copper foils exhibit a remarkably increased bending fatigue life, and the increased range is about 16.2%.

  14. Metamaterial and Metastructural Architectures for Novel C4ISR Devices and Sensors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-01

    OEIC for chip-scale integrated photonics, RF-photonics, and systems for communication, radar, computation and sensor applications . 19 2.8...and Sensors by Weimin Zhou, Gerard Dang, Monica Taysing-Lara, Daniel Shreiber, Melanie Cole, Eric Ngo, Matt Ivill, Grace Metcalfe, Nathaniel...Architectures for Novel C4ISR Devices and Sensors by Weimin Zhou, Gerard Dang, Monica Taysing-Lara, Grace Metcalfe, Nathaniel Woodward, and Amir

  15. Foundational and Systems Support for Quantitative Trust Management (QTM)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-10

    Venkatasubramanian , • Collaborators – Nick Feamster, Boon Loo, Aravind Joshi, Jason Nieh 6/10/10 ONR MURI Review 2 Sampath Insup Matt Oleg Jonathan Angelos...Georgia Tech Sigma Xi Faculty Best Paper Award • Publications – J. Chang, K. Venkatasubramanian , A. G. West, S. Kannan, I. Lee, B. T. Loo, O. Sokolsky...the 19th USENIX Security Symposium, Washington DC, August, 2010 (to appear). – J. Chang, K. Venkatasubramanian , A. G. West, S. Kannan, I. Lee, B. T

  16. The Strategic Plan: Is There Such a Thing for the Remotely Piloted Aircraft?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-10

    military than even he may have guessed, most notably for the RPA. Securing a camera or weapon to an unmanned, remotely controlled platform for target...frustrates a logical crossing of the Great Divide. Budget programming flows up from those who own the budget and essentially skip the strategy formation...transparent forum for academic and military subject matter experts to discuss the usefulness of the RPA as a form of military power. 47Matt Compton

  17. Surface-Streamline Flow Visualization

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Langston, L.; Boyle, M.

    1985-01-01

    Matrix of ink dots covers matte surface of polyester drafting film. Film placed against wind-tunnel wall. Layer of methyl salicylate (oil of wintergreen) sprayed over dotted area. Ink dot streaklines show several characteristics of flow, including primary saddle point of separations, primary horseshoe vortex and smaller vortex at cylinder/ endwall junction. Surface streamline flow visualization technique suitable for use in low-speed windtunnels or other low-speed gas flows.

  18. Disaster Response: Improving Effectiveness

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    2005, had winds of 130-150 mph winds and produced an enormous amount of rain . The energy of the hurricane created a storm surge as high as 27 feet...were hoping for a speedy evacuation. Finally, late on 4 September, the last of individuals residing in the Superdome were evacuated. Hurricane ...REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED Master’s Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Disaster Response: Improving Effectiveness 6. AUTHOR( S ) Matt Benivegna 5

  19. Resource Control in Large-Scale Mobile-Agents Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-07-01

    Narula ’02 (wireless networks, hand-held com- puters), Fred Reiss ’00, Dan Scholnick ’00, Matt Soldo ’99 (communication), Jeffrey Steeves ’99 (resource...George Cybenko, David Kotz, and Daniela Rus. Mobile agents: Motivations and state of the art. In Jeffrey Bradshaw, editor, Handbook of Agent Technology...Martin Hofmann, Jeffrey Bradshaw, Maggie Breedy, Renia Jeffers, and Niranjan Suri. Mobile-agent versus client/server performance: Scalability in an

  20. Spring Research Festival and NICBR Collaboration Winners Announced | Poster

    Cancer.gov

    By Carolynne Keenan, Contributing Writer, and Ashley DeVine, Staff Writer The winners of the 2014 Spring Research Festival (SRF), held May 7 and 8, were recognized on July 2, and included 20 NCI at Frederick researchers: Matthew Anderson, Victor Ayala, Matt Bess, Cristina Bergamaschi, Charlotte Choi, Rami Doueiri, Laura Guasch Pamies, Diana Haines, Saadia Iftikhar, Maria Kaltcheva, Wojciech Kasprzak, Balamurugan Kuppusamy, James Lautenberger, George Lountos, Megan Mounts, Uma Mudunuri, Martha Sklavos, Gloriana Shelton, Alex Sorum, and Shea Wright.

  1. The Other Quiet Professionals: Lessons for Future Cyber Forces from the Evolution of Special Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    workshops included MG (ret.) John Defreitas (INSCOM), COL Wayne Parks (U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command [TRADOC] Combined Arms Center), LTC Bryant...Component Command–Network Warfare [JFCC-NW]), Tim Thomas (Foreign Mili- tary Studies Office), LTC (ret.) Matt Stern, John Mahony (1st Information Opera...tions Command), John Mense (INSCOM), Paul Schuh (JFCC-NW), Russell Fenton (U.S. Army Network Enterprise Technology Command), and CW5 Todd Boudreau and

  2. Effects of Climate Change, Urban Development, and Threatened and Endangered Species Management on Army Training Capabilities: Firing Ranges

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    Threatened and Endangered Species Management on Army Training Capabilities Firing Ranges En gi ne er R es ea rc h an d D ev el op m en t Ce nt... Endangered Species Management on Army Training Capabilities Firing Ranges Juliana Wilhoit, Scott Tweddale, Matt Hohmann, David Delaney, Michelle E...impacting an installation’s training areas, and the potential impact of currently listed and species at risk of being listed to the endangered

  3. U.S. Army’s Ground Vehicle Energy Storage R&D Programs & Goals

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-11-10

    Electromagnetic Armor Power Maturation • Nickel- Zinc 6T Battery Development • Development of 6T battery for SLI and silent watch using Li-ion chemistries...Absorbed Glass Matt lead acid battery for 24V military 4HN battery • Lithium plating phenomenon in Li-ion batteries • Study on the mechanism... batteries • Development of high energy density anode materials for improved Li-ion batteries • Alternative electrolyte for use in lithium-ion batteries

  4. U.S. Army’s Ground Vehicle Energy Storage R&D Programs and Goals

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-11-17

    Nickel- Zinc 6T Battery Development • Development of 6T battery for SLI and silent watch using Li-ion chemistries • Absorbed Glass Matt lead acid battery ...for 24V military 4HN battery • Lithium plating phenomenon in Li-ion batteries • Study on the mechanism of thermal runaway in VRLA Batteries and Methods...materials for improved Li-ion batteries • Alternative electrolyte for use in lithium-ion batteries (higher voltage, improved performance) • Hybrid Power

  5. AMP Short Course: Neurological, Psychiatric and Psychological Aspects of Aerospace Medicine (Aspects Neurologiques, Psychiatriques et Psychologiques de la Medecine Aerospatiale)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-09-01

    Influencing Performance .ad Aviation Safety: II 1I by J J Picano Psychiatric Reactions to Common Medications 12 by I) RiJones Sequelae of Head Injury 13...flying physical. return to fly a’ er injury or deficit, admiitistrative organization as well as the individual aviator against recomnmenidatitons such as...other airerew conutroils are even less fiead injury get writtetn statements which fiecomeu part availabie ’Matt leaves us to review the fort-aerospace

  6. Role of microstructure in caustic stress corrosion cracking of Alloy 690

    SciTech Connect

    Mertz, D.A.; Duda, P.T.; Pica, P.N.; Spahr, G.L.

    1995-12-31

    Alloy 690 has been selected for nuclear heat transport system tubing application in recent commercial reactor plants due to its resistance to multiple types of corrosion attack. Typical corn final heat treatments for this material are a mill-anneal (MA, approximately 1,070 C) to completely dissolve the carbides and develop the final grain structure plus a thermal treatment (TT, approximately 700 C) to precipitate carbides at the grain boundaries. Tubing with grain boundary carbides and no or few intragranular carbides has been found resistant to intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) in caustic environments. In this work, first, Alloy 690 plate was subjected to a variety of MA and MA-TT heat treatments to create microstructures of carbide-decorated grain boundaries and undecorated boundaries. Caustic IGSCC test results were consistent with tubing data. Second, experiments were conducted to understand the mechanism by which caustic-corrosion resistance is imparted to Alloy 690 by grain boundary carbides. Tubing with a fully-developed MA-TT carbide microstructure was strained and heat-treated to create a mixed microstructure of new grain boundaries with no carbide precipitate decoration, intermixed with intragranular carbide strings from prior grain boundaries. Caustic SCC performance of this material was identical to that of material with the MA-TT carbide-decorated grain boundaries. This work suggests that the fundamental cause of good IGSCC resistance of MA-TT Alloy 690 in caustic does not derive solely from grain boundary carbides. It is suggested that matrix strength, as measured by yield stress, could be a controlling factor.

  7. Army Enlisted Personnel Competency Assessment Program: Phase 2 Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    Army Leadership on many important levels . The Army Test Program Advisory Team (ATPAT) The functions and contributions of the ATPAT, as a group, are...SGM (R) James Herrell CSM Robie Roberson SGM Enrique Hoyos CSM Otis Smith Jr CSM Nick Piacentini MSG Matt Northen iv ARMY ENLISTED PERSONNEL... levels must possess the interpersonal, technical, and organizational knowledge, skills, and other attributes (KSAs) to perform effectively in complex

  8. An Active Noise Control Stethoscope

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-08-24

    Laboratories delayed this final report beyond the 8-15-93 deadline. A large vehicle was driven in order to transport scientific equipment for making ...testing procedure with Al Williams, the director of Memphis Wings. Figure lb depicts two of the pi- lots, Bob Randall and Phil Scruggs, helping make room...Figures 2a and 2b depicts Jim Hendrix and Matt Miley making sure everything is working. Figures. 3a and 3b depict Bob Randall gettiug on board and running

  9. Differentially Constrained Motion Planning with State Lattice Motion Primitives

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-02-01

    requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Robotics The Robotics Institute Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 February 2012 ...Thesis Committee Alonzo Kelly, Chair Matt Mason Tony Stentz Steve LaValle, University of Illinois Copyright c© 2012 by Mihail N. Pivtoraiko. All...REPORT DATE FEB 2012 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00- 2012 to 00-00- 2012 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Differentially Constrained Motion Planning

  10. Distributed Tracing of Intruders

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-01-01

    place. Matt Bishop shared his wide knowledge of Unix Security and the literature of the eld with me on many oc- casions. Biswanath Mukherjee provided...presently about 20 bytes per iv minute per connection of storage for the thumbprints. In addition, the existing (very limited) literature on the tracing...little attention in the literature . Here we review what is known about it. Firstly, several works describe the exploits of particular hackers and the

  11. Coordinating Learning Agents for Active Information Collection

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-30

    Coevolution of Heterogeneous Multi-Robot Teams. Pro- ceedings of the 2010 Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference. Portland, OR, July 2010...Tumer. Coevolution of Heterogeneous Multi-Robot Teams. Proceedings of the 2010 Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference. Portland, OR, July 2010. 8...of collectives, Adv. Complex Syst. 4 (2001) 265–279. Coevolution of Heterogeneous Multi-Robot Teams Matt Knudson Oregon State University Corvallis, OR

  12. From Ultrafine Thiolate-Capped Copper Nanoclusters toward Copper Sulfide Nanodiscs: A Thermally-Activated Evolution Route

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-08-13

    Kim, K . T .; Jeong, Y. J .; Hong, S. H . 1. Mater. Res. 2006, 21 , 2371. (19) Wang, J. ; Huang, H. ; Kesapragada, S. V.; Gall , D . Nano. Lett...1183. ( 21 ) (a) Wang, T.; Yang, W. ; Wu, L. ; Chen, c.; Chu, C. Nanotechnology 2006, 17,7 19. (b) Kim, c.; Gu, W ; Briceno, M. ; Robertson, I. M.; Choi...104, 1206. Matt et al. deposition, 19,20 chemical vapor deposition, 21 y-irradiation,22 UV-light irradiation,23 and sonochemical methods. 24

  13. Standards and Procedures for Application of Radiometric Sensors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    considered diffuse. Matte paint and etched glass are examples of diffuse surfaces. A special type of diffuse surface is a Lambertian surface. Lambert’s...chamber causes the temperature, and thus the pressure, of the gas to rise. The varying pressure causes an exterior wall (usually a thin membrane ...scope of this document; however, a great deal of information is available in the open literature and from the various manufacturers. An old term for

  14. Class Notes: Programming Parallel Algorithms CS 15-840B (Fall 1992)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-02-01

    840: Programming Parallel Algorithms Lecture #15 Scribe: Bob Wheeler Thursday, 6 Nov 92 Overview * Connected components (continued). * Minimum spanning...Sriram Sethuraman Singular value decomposition Ken Tew EEG analysis Eric Thayer Speech recognition Xuemei Wang & Bob Wheeler Matrix operations Matt...Computing, 14(4):862-874, 1985. [33] L. W. Tucker, C. R. Feynman , and D. M. Fritzsche. Object recognition using the Connection Machine. Proceedings CVPR 󈨜

  15. Testing Current and Developing Novel Therapies for NF1-Mutant Sarcomas in a Genetically Engineered Mouse Model

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-01

    valid OMB control number. PLEASE DO NOT RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS. 1. REPORT DATE April 2015 2. REPORT TYPE Annual 3. DATES COVERED 15 ...NF1-mutant sarcomas.    These studies may identify more efficacious treatments for patients with NF1-mutant sarcomas. 15 . SUBJECT TERMS sarcoma...training for two high school students. Mr. Matt Mosca, a high-school sophomore , worked in our lab over the summer and received scientific training

  16. Protecting the Force: Lessons from Fort Hood

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    learned and best practices. The Services appear to have insufficient data to assess traumatic stress and healthcare provider burnout , critical elements...Crisis Communication: Workplace and School Violence, Stockholm Syndrome , and Abnormal Psychology,” Annals of the American Psychotherapy Association...88-106; Matt DeLisi, Andy Hochstetler, Aaron M. Scherer, Aaron Purhmann, and Mark T. Berg, “The Starkweather Syndrome : Exploring Criminal History

  17. Performance of Passive and Active Sonars in the Philippine Sea

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-30

    150 km, or two and one half CZ’s. We label such figures as a depth-direction sine 1Both the internal wave and RAM MATLAB codes were provided by Matt...solution reflects a CZ like behavior.) The figures have encapsulate the ray arrivals very Figure 2: Left: Directional wave spectra vs subaperture...no shallow rays near the surface. Significant energy does not appear until approximately 250 m. After this there are just two paths until 1500 m

  18. A Framework for Enhancing Airlift Planning and Execution Capabilities within the Joint Expeditionary Movement System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    Bash , Deputy DIRMOBFOR, and Director of AMD. We also thank Lt Col Hans Petry and Maj Matt Lacy for guiding us through the AMD. In the AFFOR/A4, we...TPFDD Time-Phased Force Deployment Data TWCF Transportation Working Capital Fund USTRANSCOM U.S. Transportation Command ULN Unit line number UTC Unit...National security strategy National security objectives National economic objectives National mission objectives Tailor forces Deploy Operational task1

  19. The Navy Supply Corps Newsletter. Contracting Innovations: Navy Electronic Commerce Online Navy Afloat Purchase Card Program. Volume 62, No. 3.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-06-01

    tf • lovy Electronic Commerce Online m Afloat Purchase Card Program4 % y5.ll ’ ’"’#K5&. ifekj 1IÜN AB iräri.1 . ■■-■ 11...Contracting Innovations NAVSUP Electronic Commerce in Contracting for Beginners 8 The Afloat Purchase Card Program: Decentralizing Purchasing for...there. J- May/June NAVSUP Electronic Commerce in Contracting for Beginners By Matt Nielsen, NECO Project Manager, Naval Supply Systems Command M he

  20. Properties and Types of Significant Photothermal Retinal Lesion Injuries

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-01

    formation 1flt does not display a currently valid OMB·control num ber PLEASE DO NOT RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ORGANIZATION. 1. REPORT DATE (00...PROJECT NUMBER Risk of Significant Injury Teclmical Working Group: Wesley Burgei, Shannon Foley, Matt Pandullo, Melissa Nass-Flores, George L Fischer...photothennal retinal lesion injuries that is consistent with the language and intent of DoD Instruction 3200.19. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Non-lethal, risk of

  1. Seed Planting in Veggie Pillows

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-08-08

    Matt Romeyn, a NASA biologist, secures seeds in plant pillows for the Veggie plant growth system inside a laboratory in the Space Station Processing Facility at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The plant pillows, containing Outredgeous lettuce, Mizuna Mustard and Waldmann's green lettuce seeds, were packed for delivery to Veggie on SpaceX's 12th commercial resupply services mission to the International Space Station.

  2. "Walk Softly and Carry a Big Stick": An Analysis of the Impact of Colonialism/Imperialism on the Operational Art for Campaign Planners Assigned to AFRICOM Using the Darfur Crisis as a Case Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-01

    provide some recommendations to operational planners. I want to thank Dr. Paolo Tripodi for his mentorship throughout this process. His role as a...http://www.africom.mil/AboutAFRICOM.asp. (accessed September 5, 2008). 25 15 Greg Mills, Terence McNamee, Mauro De Lorenzo, and Matt-hew Utley, "AFRICOM...Center for Strategic & International Studies. June 8, 2008. https://forums.csis.org/africa/?p=119&print=1, (accessed December 12,2008). 23 Paolo

  3. A Civilian/Military Trauma Institute: National Trauma Research Coordinating Center

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-10-01

    Participants will practice placing the LMA brand and I-Gel brand supraglottic airways and will intubate the trachea using the LMA brand Fastrach...laryngoscopy techniques. Participants will intubate using the LMA brand McGrath video laryngoscope. Station 11 Percutaneous Airway Dr. (Capt) Matt...bronchoscope and an intubation catheter. Participants will practice placing LMA supraglottic airway devices and will intubate the trachea using a

  4. Combating Terrorism, Rebel Groups, and Armed Militias in the Face of Economic Prosperity Opportunities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-04

    the region by providing them with increased job opportunities and a better quality of life . 37 For example in Kenya, the project is expected to more...have a vital link in the LAPSSET project also. Once participation is agreed to, a thorough Strength-Weakness- Opportunity-Threat ( SWOT ) analysis...5d. PROJECT NUMBER LCDR Christopher Douglas, USCG 5e. TASK NUMBER Paper Advisors: Col (ret) Mike McGauvran, LtCol Matt Stanton, CDR

  5. Identification of Alternatives to Reduce Shoaling in the Lower Matagorda Ship Channel, Texas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-06-01

    ERDC/TN RSM-17-1 June 2017 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Regional Sediment Management: Integrated Solutions for...Campbell, Matt Duke, Leslie Olson, Lauren Dunkin, and Lihwa Lin PURPOSE: The purpose of this U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Regional Sediment...Management Technical Note (RSM-TN) is to document the development of a regional sediment budget and to investigate design alternatives to reduce

  6. Youthwork as Modern Dance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krueger, Mark

    2004-01-01

    Nicole and Matt are working together at Nexus, a group home, with six youth: Cathie, Maria, Ramon, Ron, Cheryl, and Nick. Nexus is a two-story house in the center of a medium-sized city. It is an older building that has been decorated and enlivened with the youth's art and music. Their story is presented in this article to illustrate how youthwork…

  7. [Study on the physicochemical properties of cultivated soil of genuine crude and no-enuine crude Chinese Angelica].

    PubMed

    Zhao, Yang-jing; Chen, Si-bao; Gao, Gong-yao; Feng, Yu-xiu; Yang, Shi-Lin; Xu, Li-zhen; Du, Li-jun; Hu, Shi-lin; Feng, Xue-feng

    2002-01-01

    To provide basis for environmental factors of genuine crude Chinese angelica. On-the-spot investigation and indoor chemical analysis were made to study the physicochemical properties of cultivated soil of Chinese angelica. The physical properties and the organic matte and mineral nutrition of cultivated soil of Chinese angelica are best in Min County, Gansu Province. The ecological environment is the leading factor in forming genuine crude Chinese angelica.

  8. The Impact of the Housing Crisis on Home-Owning Marines

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-02-19

    The Frugal Gourmets, Value Is the Watchword as Shoppers Search for Supermarket Bargains,” The Washington Post, November 21, 2008, sec D. 6 Matt...and ready to deploy. 19 JPMorganChase online . “Chase Unveils Military-Tailored Support in...Advance of Veteran’s Day,” (2007): http://www.investor.shareholder.com/jpmorganchase/press/releasedetail.cfm?rel easeid=274846 20 PBS online . “Financial

  9. Eight Is Enough

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Michelle

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author narrates her story as a job-market widow. In each of the last eight years, she has seen how her husband, Matt, has gone on the market in search of a tenure-track position in English. She describes their eight-year stretch on the academic job market as a harsh tutor, but it has taught them things about themselves, their…

  10. Spectral and geometrical variation of the bidirectional reflectance distribution function of diffuse reflectance standards.

    PubMed

    Ferrero, Alejandro; Rabal, Ana María; Campos, Joaquín; Pons, Alicia; Hernanz, María Luisa

    2012-12-20

    A study on the variation of the spectral bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) of four diffuse reflectance standards (matte ceramic, BaSO(4), Spectralon, and white Russian opal glass) is accomplished through this work. Spectral BRDF measurements were carried out and, using principal components analysis, its spectral and geometrical variation respect to a reference geometry was assessed from the experimental data. Several descriptors were defined in order to compare the spectral BRDF variation of the four materials.

  11. Error Processing Techniques for the Modified Read Facsimile Code.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-09-01

    MARSHALL L . CAIN Senior Electronics Engineer Assistant Manager Office of NCS Technology (Technology and Standards) and Standards National Communications...headed by National Communications System Assistant Manager Marshall L . Cain, is responsible for the managemene of the Federal Tele- communications...projet,et comporte obligatoirement un bon analyste attacti. A P’ap- plication. It - L ’!MIPLANTATION GEOGRAPHIQUE D’UN RESEAU JNFORtMATtQUE PERFORMANT

  12. US Army And The Emergence Of Unmanned Threats

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-26

    Nations Possess Drones ,” Washington Times, 10 November 2013, accessed 28 September 2015, http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2013/nov/10/skys-the-limit...for-wide-wild-world-of­ drones /. 5 Matt Tedesco, Tom Arnold, and Christopher Lowe, “The Future Challenge to US Air Superiority,” Fires (March-April...Sydney J. Freedburg, “Russian Drone Threat: Army Seeks Ukraine Lessons,” Breaking Defense, 14 October 2015, accessed 17 March 2015, http

  13. 2008 Homeland Security S and T Stakeholders Conference West

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-16

    Cellucci , Chief Commercialization Officer DHS S&T Directorate Training Session 28: SBIR Tutorial Ms. Lisa Sobolewski, DHS S&T Training Session 29...Dr. Tom Cellucci Chief Commercialization Officer DHS S&T Directorate (confirmed) Training Workshop Track 2 Training Session 23 Homeland Security...Security Opportunities Moderator: Mr. Tom Cellucci Chief Commercialization Officer DHS S&T Directorate (confirmed) Panelists: Matt McCooe

  14. 2008 Homeland Security S and T Stakeholders Conference West-Volume 3 Tuesday

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-16

    Cellucci , Chief Commercialization Officer DHS S&T Directorate Training Session 28: SBIR Tutorial Ms. Lisa Sobolewski, DHS S&T Training Session 29...DHS S&T Dr. Tom Cellucci Chief Commercialization Officer DHS S&T Directorate (confirmed) Training Workshop Track 2 Training Session 23 Homeland...Harnessing Global Security Opportunities Moderator: Mr. Tom Cellucci Chief Commercialization Officer DHS S&T Directorate (confirmed) Panelists: Matt

  15. 2008 Homeland Security S and T Stakeholders Conference West. Volume 4. Wednesday

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-16

    Cellucci , Chief Commercialization Officer DHS S&T Directorate Training Session 28: SBIR Tutorial Ms. Lisa Sobolewski, DHS S&T Training Session 29...DHS S&T Dr. Tom Cellucci Chief Commercialization Officer DHS S&T Directorate (confirmed) Training Workshop Track 2 Training Session 23 Homeland...Harnessing Global Security Opportunities Moderator: Mr. Tom Cellucci Chief Commercialization Officer DHS S&T Directorate (confirmed) Panelists: Matt

  16. 40 CFR 421.74 - Standards of performance for new sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Zinc .000 .000 Total suspended solids .000 .000 pH (1) (1) 1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all... bullion produced Lead .000 .000 Zinc .000 .000 Total suspended solids .000 .000 pH (1) (1) 1Within the... slag, speiss, or matte granulated Lead .000 .000 Zinc .000 .000 Total suspended solids .000 .000 pH...

  17. Youthwork as Modern Dance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krueger, Mark

    2004-01-01

    Nicole and Matt are working together at Nexus, a group home, with six youth: Cathie, Maria, Ramon, Ron, Cheryl, and Nick. Nexus is a two-story house in the center of a medium-sized city. It is an older building that has been decorated and enlivened with the youth's art and music. Their story is presented in this article to illustrate how youthwork…

  18. Advancements in the Micromirror Array Projector Technology II

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-01-01

    Figure 1: DMD Package Advancements in the Micromirror Array Projector Technology II D. Brett Beasley, Matt Bender, Jay Crosby, Sean McCall, Tim...develop systems for new projection and test applications. The MAPS is based upon the Texas Instruments Digital Micromirror Device ( DMD ) which has...MAPS include increasing the format of the micromirror array to 1280x1024, increasing the video frame rate to >230 Hz, development of a DMD active

  19. Advancements in the Micromirror Array Projector Technology

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-01-01

    Figure 1 – DMD Package Advancements in the Micromirror Array Projector Technology D. Brett Beasley, Matt Bender, Jay Crosby, Tim Messer, and...systems for new projection and test applications. The MAPS is based upon the Texas Instruments Digital Micromirror Device ( DMD ) which has been modified...technology and develop systems for new projection and test applications. The MAPS is based upon the Texas Instruments Digital Micromirror Device ( DMD

  20. Current Status of IR Scene Projection at the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-01-01

    technology called the Micromirror Array Projector System (MAPS) which is based upon the Texas Instruments Digital Micromirror Device ( DMD ). This projector... DMD MWIR projector, and an IR and visible Dynamic Sensor Test Set (DSTS). 2.3.1 Micromirror Array Projector System (MAPS) The MAPS IR projector...Matt Bender, Mr. Jay Crosby, Mr. Tim Messer, and Mr. Tracy Reynolds for their support. 4.0 TRADEMARKS Digital Micromirror Device, DMD , Digital

  1. Spring Research Festival and NICBR Collaboration Winners Announced | Poster

    Cancer.gov

    By Carolynne Keenan, Contributing Writer, and Ashley DeVine, Staff Writer The winners of the 2014 Spring Research Festival (SRF), held May 7 and 8, were recognized on July 2, and included 20 NCI at Frederick researchers: Matthew Anderson, Victor Ayala, Matt Bess, Cristina Bergamaschi, Charlotte Choi, Rami Doueiri, Laura Guasch Pamies, Diana Haines, Saadia Iftikhar, Maria Kaltcheva, Wojciech Kasprzak, Balamurugan Kuppusamy, James Lautenberger, George Lountos, Megan Mounts, Uma Mudunuri, Martha Sklavos, Gloriana Shelton, Alex Sorum, and Shea Wright.

  2. Distribution and Abundance of the Interior Population of the Least Tern (Sternula Antillarum), 2005; A Review of the First Complete Range-Wide Survey in the Context of Historic and Ongoing Monitoring Efforts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-11-01

    the Niobrara National Recreational River and the 18 miles of river upstream of the NRR to Spencer Dam; Stephen Dinsmore of Iowa State University for...Greenfield, Bob Gress, Jeff Haas, Bob Harms, Tim Hayes, Tony Hipp , Mike Hubert, John Hughes, Carl Ivy, Matt Jaeger, Galen Jons, Racheal Kasner, Alyssa...this is the largest distribu- tional gap on major interior rivers within the breeding range of the ILT. Upstream of Sioux City on the Missouri River

  3. Effects of surface reflectance and 3D shape on perceived rotation axis.

    PubMed

    Doerschner, Katja; Yilmaz, Ozgur; Kucukoglu, Gizem; Fleming, Roland W

    2013-09-10

    Surface specularity distorts the optic flow generated by a moving object in a way that provides important cues for identifying surface material properties (Doerschner, Fleming et al., 2011). Here we show that specular flow can also affect the perceived rotation axis of objects. In three experiments, we investigate how three-dimensional shape and surface material interact to affect the perceived rotation axis of unfamiliar irregularly shaped and isotropic objects. We analyze observers' patterns of errors in a rotation axis estimation task under four surface material conditions: shiny, matte textured, matte untextured, and silhouette. In addition to the expected large perceptual errors in the silhouette condition, we find that the patterns of errors for the other three material conditions differ from each other and across shape category, yielding the largest differences in error magnitude between shiny and matte, textured isotropic objects. Rotation axis estimation is a crucial implicit computational step to perceive structure from motion; therefore, we test whether a structure from a motion-based model can predict the perceived rotation axis for shiny and matte, textured objects. Our model's predictions closely follow observers' data, even yielding the same reflectance-specific perceptual errors. Unlike previous work (Caudek & Domini, 1998), our model does not rely on the assumption of affine image transformations; however, a limitation of our approach is its reliance on projected correspondence, thus having difficulty in accounting for the perceived rotation axis of smooth shaded objects and silhouettes. In general, our findings are in line with earlier research that demonstrated that shape from motion can be extracted based on several different types of optical deformation (Koenderink & Van Doorn, 1976; Norman & Todd, 1994; Norman, Todd, & Orban, 2004; Pollick, Nishida, Koike, & Kawato, 1994; Todd, 1985).

  4. Design options for a bunsen reactor.

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, Robert Charles

    2013-10-01

    This work is being performed for Matt Channon Consulting as part of the Sandia National Laboratories New Mexico Small Business Assistance Program (NMSBA). Matt Channon Consulting has requested Sandia's assistance in the design of a chemical Bunsen reactor for the reaction of SO2, I2 and H2O to produce H2SO4 and HI with a SO2 feed rate to the reactor of 50 kg/hour. Based on this value, an assumed reactor efficiency of 33%, and kinetic data from the literature, a plug flow reactor approximately 1%E2%80%9D diameter and and 12 inches long would be needed to meet the specification of the project. Because the Bunsen reaction is exothermic, heat in the amount of approximately 128,000 kJ/hr would need to be removed using a cooling jacket placed around the tubular reactor. The available literature information on Bunsen reactor design and operation, certain support equipment needed for process operation and a design that meet the specification of Matt Channon Consulting are presented.

  5. The effects of surface gloss and roughness on color constancy for real 3-D objects.

    PubMed

    Granzier, Jeroen J M; Vergne, Romain; Gegenfurtner, Karl R

    2014-02-21

    Color constancy denotes the phenomenon that the appearance of an object remains fairly stable under changes in illumination and background color. Most of what we know about color constancy comes from experiments using flat, matte surfaces placed on a single plane under diffuse illumination simulated on a computer monitor. Here we investigate whether material properties (glossiness and roughness) have an effect on color constancy for real objects. Subjects matched the color and brightness of cylinders (painted red, green, or blue) illuminated by simulated daylight (D65) or by a reddish light with a Munsell color book illuminated by a tungsten lamp. The cylinders were either glossy or matte and either smooth or rough. The object was placed in front of a black background or a colored checkerboard. We found that color constancy was significantly higher for the glossy objects compared to the matte objects, and higher for the smooth objects compared to the rough objects. This was independent of the background. We conclude that material properties like glossiness and roughness can have significant effects on color constancy.

  6. Assessment of substratum effect on the distribution of two invasive Caulerpa (Chlorophyta) species

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Infantes, Eduardo; Terrados, Jorge; Orfila, Alejandro

    2011-02-01

    Two-year monitoring of the invasive marine Chlorophyta Caulerpa taxifolia and Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea shows the great influence of substratum on their spatial distribution. The cover of C. taxifolia and C. racemosa was measured in shallow (<8 m) areas indicating that these species are more abundant in rocks with photophilic algae and in the dead matte of the seagrass Posidonia oceanica than in sand or inside the P. oceanica meadow. A short-term experiment comparing the persistence of C. taxifolia and C. racemosa planted either in a model of dead matte of P. oceanica or in sand shows that the persistence of these species was higher in the dead matte model than in sand. Correlative evidence suggests that C. taxifolia and C. racemosa tolerate near-bottom orbital velocities below 15 cm s -1 and that C. taxifolia cover declines at velocities above that value. These results contribute to understand the process of invasion of these Caulerpa species predicting which substrata would be more susceptible to be invaded and to the adoption of appropriate management strategies.

  7. Infinite sets and double binds.

    PubMed

    Arden, M

    1984-01-01

    There have been many attempts to bring psychoanalytical theory up to date. This paper approaches the problem by discussing the work of Gregory Bateson and Ignacio Matte-Blanco, with particular reference to the use made by these authors of Russell's theory of logical types. Bateson's theory of the double bind and Matte-Blanco's bilogic are both based on concepts of logical typing. It is argued that the two theories can be linked by the idea that neurotic symptoms are based on category errors in thinking. Clinical material is presented from the analysis of a middle-aged woman. The intention is to demonstrate that the process of making interpretations can be thought of as revealing errors in thinking. Changes in the patient's inner world are then seen to be the result of clarifying childhood experiences based on category errors. Matte-Blanco's theory of bilogic and infinite experiences is a re-evaluation of the place of the primary process in mental life. It is suggested that a combination of bilogic and double bind theory provides a possibility of reformulating psychoanalytical theory.

  8. Motion regularization for matting motion blurred objects.

    PubMed

    Lin, Hai Ting; Tai, Yu-Wing; Brown, Michael S

    2011-11-01

    This paper addresses the problem of matting motion blurred objects from a single image. Existing single image matting methods are designed to extract static objects that have fractional pixel occupancy. This arises because the physical scene object has a finer resolution than the discrete image pixel and therefore only occupies a fraction of the pixel. For a motion blurred object, however, fractional pixel occupancy is attributed to the object’s motion over the exposure period. While conventional matting techniques can be used to matte motion blurred objects, they are not formulated in a manner that considers the object’s motion and tend to work only when the object is on a homogeneous background. We show how to obtain better alpha mattes by introducing a regularization term in the matting formulation to account for the object’s motion. In addition, we outline a method for estimating local object motion based on local gradient statistics from the original image. For the sake of completeness, we also discuss how user markup can be used to denote the local direction in lieu of motion estimation. Improvements to alpha mattes computed with our regularization are demonstrated on a variety of examples.

  9. Variations in pore structure of reaction-bonded silicon nitride /RBSN/

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Danforth, S. C.; Richman, M. H.

    1979-01-01

    A discussion is presented relating the observed pore structures (sizes) to the reaction mechanisms in reaction-bonded silicon nitride (alpha- and beta-Si3N4) on the basis of information available from the literature. While the techniques for reducing the residual macroporosity are quite well-developed for reaction-bonded Si3N4 (RBSN), it is important to be aware of three other orders of magnitude for porosity present in RBSN as a result of the nitriding process itself, and how these types of nitridation-induced porosity can be controlled. For ease of description, these types of nitridation-induced porosity are called micropores, nanopores, and picopores in order of their decreasing size. A scanning electron micrograph is presented, showing nanopores isolated in the unreacted Si and picopores in the alpha-matte Si3N4. The assumption that an alpha-matte growth mechanism is active explains the occurrence of nanopores and their partial filling with alpha-Si3N4, leaving behind very fine-grained alpha-matte and picopores.

  10. Numerical analysis on fluid flow and heat transfer in the smelting furnace of mitsubishi process for Cu refining

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Jong-ha; Park, Soo-sang; Han, Xue-feng; Yi, Kyung-woo

    2016-01-01

    To understand complex behavior in the smelting furnace of Mitsubishi continuous process for copper refining, comprehensive 3-D numerical simulation and field experiment were performed. The numerical simulation results showed that strong and complex velocity fields of gas, matte and slag were generated in the furnace and large amounts of matte and slag were splashed into the gas area. Temperature measurements at the lance during field operation revealed that wide range of temperature variation appeared depending on the injection condition of concentrates. Numerical simulation results provided good agreements with experiments results and showed that the chemical reaction induces temperature increase during gas injection period. On the other hand, lance temperature is decreasing because of cold concentrates during gas and particles injection period. From the FFT analysis results, the fluctuations of matte and slag volume fraction near the lance induce temperature fluctuations of the lance. Through these experimental and simulation results, it was revealed that the lances in the smelting furnace were exposed to severe conditions such as high temperature, repeated large temperature change and cyclic change of large temperature gradient across the thickness.

  11. Direct physical formation of anatomical structures by cell traction forces. An interview with Albert Harris by Lev Beloussov.

    PubMed

    Harris, Albert

    2006-01-01

    Albert Harris was educated at The Norfolk Academy, Norfolk, Virginia, USA (1961). He then earned a Batchelor of Arts Degree in Biology from Swarthmore College, in Pennsylvania, USA (1965), followed by a Ph.D. in Biology (1971) from Yale University, where his Dissertation Advisor was the great John Phillip Trinkaus. He held a Damon-Runyon Postdoctoral Fellowship in Cancer Research in 1970-72, under Michael Abercrombie, FRS, at the Strangeways Research Laboratory of Cambridge University, England. Then he accepted a position as Assistant Professor in the Zoology Department of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, N.C. USA. In 1977, he was promoted to Associate Professor of Zoology, and in 1983 was promoted to Full Professor of Biology. In Oct.-Nov. 1991 he was honored to be Distinguished Visiting Professor of Zoology at the University of California at Davis.

  12. Nonlinear magneto-optic measurement of flux propagation dynamics in thin Permalloy films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Silva, T. J.; Pufall, M. R.; Kabos, Pavel

    2002-02-01

    Time-resolved nonlinear optics are used to study the propagation of magnetic flux pulses in a 250 nm Permalloy film. The flux is generated in the film by coupling it to a coplanar waveguide structure driven with broadband voltage pulses. Flux pulses propagated in the film with a phase velocity of 4.2×105 m/s and a group velocity of 1.5×105 m/s. Both velocities are consistent with the predictions of Damon-Eshbach theory for magnetostatic surface waves with 200-300 μm wavelengths. Within 100 μm of the excitation source, flux pulses decayed monotonically but with no measurable delay.

  13. Brillouin light scattering study of Co2Cr0.6Fe0.4Al and Co2FeAl Heusler compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaier, O.; Hamrle, J.; Trudel, S.; Conca Parra, A.; Hillebrands, B.; Arbelo, E.; Herbort, C.; Jourdan, M.

    2009-04-01

    The thermal magnonic spectra of Co2Cr0.6Fe0.4Al (CCFA) and Co2FeAl were investigated using Brillouin light scattering (BLS) spectroscopy. For CCFA, the exchange constant A (exchange stiffness D) is found to be 0.48 ± 0.04 µerg cm-1 (203 ± 16 meV Å2), while for Co2FeAl the corresponding values of 1.55 ± 0.05 µerg cm-1 (370 ± 10 meV Å2) were found. The observed asymmetry in the BLS spectra between the Stokes and anti-Stokes frequencies was assigned to an interplay between the asymmetrical profiles of hybridized Damon-Esbach and perpendicular standing spin-wave modes, combined with the optical sensitivity of the BLS signal to the upper side of the CCFA or Co2FeAl film.

  14. Spin waves in magnetic wires:. a Brillouin study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chérif, S. M.; Roussigné, Y.; Dugautier, C.; Moch, P.

    2000-12-01

    A detailed Brillouin light scattering study of the dispersion of surface spin waves in cobalt wires is reported. A comparison with the dispersion curve of the unpatterned continuos film is achieved and the effects of the size-dependent demagnetizing field are discussed. Concerning the pseudo-bulk modes appearing in the patterned film, as expected, their variation is quasi-independent from the variation of the angle of incidence. The experimental Brillouin spectra do not display any splitting of the Damon-Eshbach mode into a set of discrete lines in contrast with previously published results on permalloy. We interpret this difference as arising from the large experimental linewidth combined with the presence of an anisotropy in the case of cobalt. A qualitative model of the scattering intensity is presented in order to illustrate this difference. The involved eigenfrequencies are derived from numerical calculations which also allow us to discuss the relevant quantization conditions of the in-plane wave vector.

  15. Theory of spin wave modes in tangentially magnetized thin cylindrical dots: A variational approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zivieri, R.; Stamps, R. L.

    2006-04-01

    We present a theoretical study of the quantized spin wave spectrum in tangentially magnetized cylindrical thin magnetic dots. Low-energy spin waves in magnetic dots may be subdivided into four families: Damon-Eshbach like, backward like, mixed, and end modes. Frequencies and mode profiles are found using a variational approach based on carefully chosen trial functions. The variational method has the advantage that it can be used for large dots that are not practical to treat using numerical finite-element methods. Results for small dots generated using the variational method compare well with micromagnetic results. The variational method is demonstrated with an analysis of data obtained from experimental Brillouin light scattering data from saturated thin cylindrical Permalloy dots. Our approach allows for the definition of parameters describing important contributions to the spin wave energies. As an example, we show that a variational parameter γ provides a measure of spin wave localization near the dot border for one class of modes.

  16. Brillouin light scattering from quantized spin waves in micron-size magnetic wires

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jorzick, J.; Demokritov, S. O.; Mathieu, C.; Hillebrands, B.; Bartenlian, B.; Chappert, C.; Rousseaux, F.; Slavin, A. N.

    1999-12-01

    An experimental study of spin-wave quantization in arrays of micron-size magnetic Ni80Fe20 wires by means of Brillouin light-scattering spectroscopy is reported. Dipolar-dominated Damon-Eshbach spin-wave modes laterally quantized in a single wire with quantized wave vector values determined by the width of the wire are studied. The frequency splitting between quantized modes, which decreases with increasing mode number, depends on the wire sizes and is up to 1.5 GHz. The transferred wave vector interval, where each mode is observed, is calculated using a light-scattering theory for confined geometries. The frequencies of the modes are calculated, taking into account finite-size effects. The results of the calculations are in a good agreement with the experimental data.

  17. Femtosecond laser excitation of multiple spin waves and composition dependence of Gilbert damping in full-Heusler Co2Fe1-xMnxAl films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, Chuyuan; Meng, Kangkang; Li, Shufa; Zhao, Jianhua; Lai, Tianshu

    2013-12-01

    Spin-wave dynamics in 30 nm thick Co2Fe1-xMnxAl full-Heusler films is investigated using time-resolved magneto-optical polar Kerr spectroscopy under an external field perpendicular to films. Damon-Eshbach (DE) and the first-order perpendicular standing spin-wave (PSSW) modes are observed simultaneously in four samples with x = 0, 0.3, 0.7, and 1. The frequency of DE and PSSW modes does not apparently depend on composition x, but damping of DE mode significantly on x and reaches the minimum as x = 0.7. The efficient coherent excitation of DE spin wave exhibits the promising application of Co2Fe0.3Mn0.7Al films in magnonic devices.

  18. X-Ray Lithography Patterning of Magnetic Materials and Their Characterization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Candeloro, Patrizio; Kumar, Rakesh; Altissimo, Matteo; Businaro, Luca; Fabrizio, Enzo Di; Conti, Massimo; Gubbiotti, Gianluca; Carlotti, Giovanni; Gerardino, Annamaria; Zivieri, Roberto; Donzelli, Onofrio

    2003-06-01

    Magnetic arrays of rectangular dots 1100 nm× 300 nm with 200 nm spacing (pattern a) and dots 800 nm× 550 nm with 200 nm spacing (pattern b) with the nominal thickness of 30 nm in Permalloy (Ni81Fe19) material were fabricated using X-ray lithography in combination of lift-off technique. A detailed magnetic characterization of the dot arrays was accomplished by magneto-optical Kerr effect investigations and micro-magnetic simulations, with emphasis given to the dependence of the hysteresis loop of the dots on their aspect ratio (shape anisotropy). In addition, the high frequency dynamical properties were probed by Brillouin light scattering (BLS) showing a marked discretization of the Damon-Eshbach surface spin-wave mode induced by the finite lateral dimensions. The measured frequencies compare fairly well to those calculated by an analytical method which considers spin waves confined in rectangular prisms.

  19. Nonreciprocal dispersion of spin waves in ferromagnetic thin films covered with a finite-conductivity metal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mruczkiewicz, M.; Krawczyk, M.

    2014-03-01

    We study the effect of one-side metallization of a uniform ferromagnetic thin film on its spin-wave dispersion relation in the Damon-Eshbach geometry. Due to the finite conductivity of the metallic cover layer on the ferromagnetic film, the spin-wave dispersion relation may be nonreciprocal only in a limited wave-vector range. We provide an approximate analytical solution for the spin-wave frequency, discuss its validity, and compare it with numerical results. The dispersion is analyzed systematically by varying the parameters of the ferromagnetic film, the metal cover layer and the value of the external magnetic field. The conclusions drawn from this analysis allow us to define a structure based on a 30 nm thick CoFeB film with an experimentally accessible nonreciprocal dispersion relation in a relatively wide wave-vector range.

  20. Spin-wave edge modes in finite arrays of dipolarly coupled magnetic nanopillars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lisenkov, Ivan; Tyberkevych, Vasyl; Slavin, Andrei; Bondarenko, Pavel; Ivanov, Boris A.; Bankowski, Elena; Meitzler, Thomas; Nikitov, Sergey

    2014-09-01

    The frequency spectrum of spin-wave edge modes localized near the boundaries of a finite array of dipolarly coupled magnetic nanopillars is calculated theoretically. Two mechanisms of edge mode formation are revealed: inhomogeneity of the internal static magnetic field existing near the array boundaries and time-reversal symmetry breaking of the dipole-dipole interaction. The latter mechanism is analogous to the formation mechanism of a surface Damon-Eschbach mode in continuous in-plane magnetized magnetic films and is responsible for the nonreciprocity of edge modes in finite-width nanopillar arrays. The number of edge modes in nanopillar arrays depends on the spatial profile of the internal static magnetic field near the array boundaries and several edge modes are formed if a substantial field inhomogeneity extends over several rows of nanopillars.

  1. Field-dependent spin-wave damping in ferromagnet/antiferromagnet bilayers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moradi, H.

    2006-04-01

    Damon Eshbach mode is used to explain the dependence of spin-wave frequency of ferromagnetic layer in thin ferromagnetic (FM)/antiferromagnetic bilayer (FM/AFM) (Fe/FeF2) as a function of external field. We show that the exchange bias changes as a function of external field. Field-dependent spin-wave damping is calculated by Born approximation. A random field, due to roughness at interface, is invoked to explain the large broadening of the spin-wave mode when the AFM layer is present. In this calculation, the broadening of the spin-wave mode depends on the square of linewidth random fields. To explain the broadening of the spin-wave mode with observed results, the linewidth random fields should decrease with external field. For a magnitude of external field, we have a peak in broadening that can also be observed in experimental results.

  2. A scenario for magnonic spin-wave traps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Busse, Frederik; Mansurova, Maria; Lenk, Benjamin; von der Ehe, Marvin; Münzenberg, Markus

    2015-08-01

    Spatially resolved measurements of the magnetization dynamics on a thin CoFeB film induced by an intense laser pump-pulse reveal that the frequencies of resulting spin-wave modes depend strongly on the distance to the pump center. This can be attributed to a laser generated temperature profile. We determine a shift of 0.5 GHz in the spin-wave frequency due to the spatial thermal profile induced by the femtosecond pump pulse that persists for up to one nanosecond. Similar experiments are presented for a magnonic crystal composed of a CoFeB-film based antidot lattice with a Damon Eshbach mode at the Brillouin zone boundary and its consequences are discussed.

  3. Growth and spin-wave properties of thin Y3Fe5O12 films on Si substrates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stognij, A. I.; Lutsev, L. V.; Bursian, V. E.; Novitskii, N. N.

    2015-07-01

    We describe synthesis of submicron Y3Fe5O12 (YIG) films sputtered on Si substrates and present results of the investigation of ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) and spin waves in YIG/SiO2/Si structures. It is found that decrease of the annealing time leads to essential reduction of the FMR linewidth ΔH and, consequently, to reduction of relaxation losses of spin waves. Spin-wave propagation in in-plane magnetized YIG/SiO2/Si structures is studied. We observe the asymmetry of amplitude-frequency characteristics of the Damon-Eshbach spin waves caused by different localizations of spin waves at the free YIG surface and at the YIG/SiO2 interface. Growth of the generating microwave power leads to spin-wave instability and changes amplitude-frequency characteristics of spin waves.

  4. Tunneling of magnetoacoustic waves through a gap in ferromagnetic crystals with a relative longitudinal displacement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vilkov, E. A.; Moiseev, A. V.; Shavrov, V. G.

    2011-03-01

    The tunneling of a plane monochromatic acoustic wave through a gap between two ferromagnets under conditions of their relative longitudinal displacement has been considered. It has been shown that, when the gap thickness h is comparable to the wavelength, the complete transmission of the acoustic wave at the Damon-Eshbach frequency becomes possible. When the gap thickness is smaller than the wavelength, the complete transmission of the acoustic wave occurs but already at two resonant frequencies. The inclusion of the longitudinal displacement of one of the crystals, in all cases, leads to the violation of resonance conditions and, consequently, to a noticeable decrease in the coefficient of transmission of the acoustic wave through the gap between two ferromagnets; this effect is more pronounced, the higher is the velocity of motion of the crystal. It has been demonstrated that there is a possibility of the wave front reversal occurring with the amplification of the reflected magnetoacoustic wave.

  5. Interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in perpendicularly magnetized Pt/Co/AlOx ultrathin films measured by Brillouin light spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Belmeguenai, Mohamed; Adam, Jean-Paul; Roussigné, Yves; Eimer, Sylvain; Devolder, Thibaut; Kim, Joo-Von; Cherif, Salim Mourad; Stashkevich, Andrey; Thiaville, André

    2015-05-01

    Spin waves in perpendicularly magnetized Pt/Co/AlOx/Pt ultrathin films with varying Co thicknesses (0.6-1.2 nm) have been studied with Brillouin light spectroscopy in the Damon-Eshbach geometry. The measurements reveal a pronounced nonreciprocal propagation, which increases with decreasing Co thickness. This nonreciprocity, attributed to an interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI), is significantly stronger than asymmetries resulting from surface anisotropies for such modes. Results are consistent with an interfacial DMI constant Ds=-1.7 ±0.11 pJ /m, which favors left-handed chiral spin structures. This suggests that such films below 1 nm in thickness should support chiral states such as skyrmions at room temperature.

  6. Magnetoelastic wave tunneling via a gap between ferroelectric crystals with relative longitudinal displacement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vilkov, E. A.; Moiseev, A. V.; Shavrov, V. G.

    2009-09-01

    The tunneling of a plane monochromatic acoustic wave via a gap between two ferromagnetic crystals exhibiting relative longitudinal displacement has been studied. It is shown that, at a gap width comparable with the wavelength, the acoustic wave can exhibit complete transmission at the Damon-Eshbach mode frequency. If the gap width is much smaller than the wavelength, the complete transmission takes place at two resonance frequencies. Allowance for the longitudinal displacement of one crystal leads in all cases to violation of the resonance conditions, which results in a significant decrease in the transmission coefficient. The greater the velocity of crystal displacement, the stronger the decrease in the acoustic wave transmission though the gap between ferromagnetic crystals.

  7. Spin-Wave Excitations in Finite Rectangular Elements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bayer, Christian; Jorzick, Jörg; Demokritov, Sergej O.; Slavin, Andrei N.; Guslienko, Konstantin Y.; Berkov, Dmitry V.; Gorn, Natalia L.; Kostylev, Mikhail P.; Hillebrands, Burkard

    A review on recent Brillouin light scattering work on spin-wave modes in arrays of micrometer-size magnetic Ni80Fe20 stripes and rectangular elements is given. Several effects caused by the lateral confinement in the stripes are reviewed: 1. lateral quantization of dipole-dominated Damon-Eshbach spin-wave modes in a longitudinally magnetized stripe due to its finite width, 2. localization of exchange-dominated spin-wave modes near the edges and dipole-dominated spin-wave modes near the center of a transversely magnetized long magnetic stripe due to the inhomogeneity of its internal magnetic field, 3. combination of quantization and localization effects for the spin-wave modes in rectangular elements. The observed effects are analyzed using an analytical approach and numerical simulations.

  8. Observation of spin-wave cooling effect in magnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    An, Toshu; Uchida, Ken-Ichi; Harii, Kazuya; Kajiwara, Yosuke; Yamagichi, Kazuya; Jungfleisch, M. B.; Chumak, A. V.; Vasyuchka, V. I.; Hillebrands, Burkard; Saitoh, Eiji

    2012-02-01

    We focused on utilizing a surface spin wave (Damon-Eshbach mode); traveling on top and bottom surfaces in a non reciprocal manner, as a good carrier of heat. As a sample, Yttrium iron garnet (YIG) was chosen because the spin waves excited in the YIG is known to have a long coherence length propagating distances even a few millimeters. By exciting the surface spin wave of only one side, heat transportation was successfully observed by measuring sample temperature with an infrared thermocamera. More interestingly, the temperature where the spin wave is initially excited shows cooling effect to drop its temperature just after the excitation of the surface spin wave. Here we call this effect as microwave cooling effect which is introducing a new cooling principle.

  9. Interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction studied by time-resolved scanning Kerr microscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Körner, H. S.; Stigloher, J.; Bauer, H. G.; Hata, H.; Taniguchi, T.; Moriyama, T.; Ono, T.; Back, C. H.

    2015-12-01

    We investigate the influence of the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) on the propagation of Damon-Eshbach spin waves in micrometer-sized Pt(2 nm)/Co(0.4 nm)/Py(5 nm)/MgO(5 nm) stripes. We use time-resolved scanning Kerr microscopy to image the spin waves excited by a microwave antenna and to directly access their dispersion. The presence of an interfacial DMI manifests itself in an asymmetry in the dispersion for counterpropagating spin waves which reverses sign upon reversal of the direction of the externally applied magnetic field. From this asymmetry we deduce the strength of the interfacial DMI. Micromagnetic simulations confirm that the observed difference in the wave numbers and the signature of the asymmetry are characteristic for the occurrence of an interfacial DMI at the Pt/Co interface and cannot be explained by the uniaxial perpendicular magnetic anisotropy field originating from the same interface.

  10. Spin wave quantization in continuous film with stripe domains

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ha, Seung-Seok; Yoon, Jungbum; Lee, Sukmock; You, Chun-Yeol; Jung, Myung-Hwa; Kim, Young Keun

    2009-04-01

    We investigated the spin wave dynamics of CoFeSiB film, which has a stripe domain structure at a low magnetic field region (<1 kOe). We measured the spin wave excitation spectra by employing Brillouin light scattering. Abnormal field dependence and dispersion relations were observed, and they are similar to spin wave quantization in laterally confined magnetic structures such as arrays of magnetic nanowires. The observed spin wave excitation spectra must be interpreted with spin wave quantization such as Damon-Eshbach mode separation. It was found that the spin wave quantization is related to the stripe magnetic domain structure in continuous film. The physical origin of the quantization is the partial reflection of the propagating spin wave at the periodic stripe domain boundaries.

  11. Brillouin light scattering study of spin waves in NiFe/Co exchange spring bilayer films

    SciTech Connect

    Haldar, Arabinda; Banerjee, Chandrima; Laha, Pinaki; Barman, Anjan

    2014-04-07

    Spin waves are investigated in Permalloy(Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20})/Cobalt(Co) exchange spring bilayer thin films using Brillouin light scattering (BLS) experiment. The magnetic hysteresis loops measured by magneto-optical Kerr effect show a monotonic decrease in coercivity of the bilayer films with increasing Py thickness. BLS study shows two distinct modes, which are modelled as Damon-Eshbach and perpendicular standing wave modes. Linewidths of the frequency peaks are found to increase significantly with decreasing Py layer thickness. Interfacial roughness causes to fluctuate exchange coupling at the nanoscale regimes and the effect is stronger for thinner Py films. A quantitative analysis of the magnon linewidths shows the presence of strong local exchange coupling field which is much larger compared to macroscopic exchange field.

  12. Experimental study of spin-wave dispersion in Py/Pt film structures in the presence of an interface Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stashkevich, A. A.; Belmeguenai, M.; Roussigné, Y.; Cherif, S. M.; Kostylev, M.; Gabor, M.; Lacour, D.; Tiusan, C.; Hehn, M.

    2015-06-01

    Brillouin light scattering (BLS), complemented by ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) characterization, has been used for studying spin-wave (SW) propagation in Py (L )/Pt (6 -nm ) bilayers of various Py thicknesses (4 nm ≤L ≤10 nm ) . The FMR measurements allowed determination of the pertinent magnetic parameters and revealed the existence of a normal surface anisotropy. A pronounced asymmetry of Damon-Eshbach (DE) wave frequencies has been evidenced by BLS. Therefore, the difference between Stokes and anti-Stokes DE frequencies has been measured versus SW wave number for all the samples. A detailed discussion about the origin of this frequency difference is reported, which concludes that this is due to interface Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (IDMI).

  13. Brillouin light scattering study of spin waves in NiFe/Co exchange spring bilayer films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haldar, Arabinda; Banerjee, Chandrima; Laha, Pinaki; Barman, Anjan

    2014-04-01

    Spin waves are investigated in Permalloy(Ni80Fe20)/Cobalt(Co) exchange spring bilayer thin films using Brillouin light scattering (BLS) experiment. The magnetic hysteresis loops measured by magneto-optical Kerr effect show a monotonic decrease in coercivity of the bilayer films with increasing Py thickness. BLS study shows two distinct modes, which are modelled as Damon-Eshbach and perpendicular standing wave modes. Linewidths of the frequency peaks are found to increase significantly with decreasing Py layer thickness. Interfacial roughness causes to fluctuate exchange coupling at the nanoscale regimes and the effect is stronger for thinner Py films. A quantitative analysis of the magnon linewidths shows the presence of strong local exchange coupling field which is much larger compared to macroscopic exchange field.

  14. KSC-04PD-0625

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Damon Petty, with United Space Alliance, removes another insulation blanket from a shelf prior to heat cleaning and waterproofing. The blankets fit inside the nose cap of an orbiter. They consist of layered, pure silica felt sandwiched between a layer of silica fabric (the hot side) and a layer of S-Glass fabric. The blanket is through-stitched with pure silica thread in a 1-inch grid pattern. After fabrication, the blanket is bonded directly to the vehicle structure and finally coated with a high purity silica coating that improves erosion resistance. The blankets are semi-rigid and can be made as large as 30 inches by 30 inches.

  15. KSC-04PD-0622

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Damon Petty, with United Space Alliance, removes an insulation blanket from a shelf prior to heat cleaning and waterproofing. The blankets fit inside the nose cap of an orbiter. They consist of layered, pure silica felt sandwiched between a layer of silica fabric (the hot side) and a layer of S-Glass fabric. The blanket is through-stitched with pure silica thread in a 1-inch grid pattern. After fabrication, the blanket is bonded directly to the vehicle structure and finally coated with a high purity silica coating that improves erosion resistance. The blankets are semi-rigid and can be made as large as 30 inches by 30 inches.

  16. KSC-04pd1776

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2004-09-14

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - United Space Alliance workers Dallas Lewis (left) and Damon Petty clean up hurricane debris inside the Thermal Protection System Facility (TPSF). Much of the roof was torn off by Hurricane Frances as it passed over Central Florida during the Labor Day weekend. Undamaged equipment has been moved to the RLV hangar at KSC. The TPSF, which creates the TPS tiles, blankets and all the internal thermal control systems for the Space Shuttles, is almost totally unserviceable at this time after losing approximately 35 percent of its roof. The maximum wind at the surface from Hurricane Frances was 94 mph from the northeast at 6:40 a.m. on Sunday, September 5. It was recorded at a weather tower located on the east shore of the Mosquito Lagoon near the Cape Canaveral National Seashore. The highest sustained wind at KSC was 68 mph.

  17. KSC-04pd1777

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2004-09-14

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - United Space Alliance workers Dallas Lewis (left) and Damon Petty carry out equipment from the Thermal Protection System Facility (TPSF). The TPSF, which creates the TPS tiles, blankets and all the internal thermal control systems for the Space Shuttles, is almost totally unserviceable at this time after losing approximately 35 percent of its roof due to Hurricane Frances, which blew across Central Florida Sept. 4-5. Undamaged equipment is being moved to the RLV hangar at KSC. The maximum wind at the surface from Hurricane Frances was 94 mph from the northeast at 6:40 a.m. on Sunday, September 5. It was recorded at a weather tower located on the east shore of the Mosquito Lagoon near the Cape Canaveral National Seashore. The highest sustained wind at KSC was 68 mph.

  18. Effect of anti-thyroxin autoantibodies on radioimmunoassay of free thyroxin in serum

    SciTech Connect

    Konishi, J.; Iida, Y.; Kousaka, T.; Ikekubo, K.; Nakagawa, T.; Torizuka, K.

    1982-06-01

    Serum thyroxin was nearly or completely undetectable by radioimmunoassay in an elderly patient with Graves' disease being treated with methimazole. Abnormal binding of thyroxin to antibodies of the IgG variety was shown, the association constant of the complex being 8.0 x 10/sup 8/ L/mol and the binding capacity 6.3 nmol/g of IgG. The effect of the antibody on results of radioimmunoassay of free thyroxin was studied with three commercial kits, two of which (Clinical Assays and Damon Diagnostics) gave essentially the same values as did equilibrium dialysis. The third (Amersham International) gave falsely high results because the /sup 125/I-labeled thyroxin derivative used in the kit was bound by the autoantibody.

  19. Investigation of non-reciprocal magnon propagation using lock-in thermography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wid, Olga; Bauer, Jan; Müller, Alexander; Breitenstein, Otwin; Parkin, Stuart S. P.; Schmidt, Georg

    2017-04-01

    We have investigated the unidirectional spin wave heat conveyer effect in a 200 nm thin yttrium iron garnet (YIG) film using lock-in thermography (LIT). This originates from the non-reciprocal propagation of magnons, which leads to an asymmetric heat transport. To excite the spin waves we use two different respective antenna geometries: a coplanar waveguide (CPW) or a ‘microstrip’-like antenna on top of the YIG. By using the CPW and comparing the results for the Damon-Eshbach and the backward volume modes we are able to show that the origin of the asymmetric heat profile are indeed the non-reciprocal spin waves. Using the ‘microstrip’-like geometry we can confirm these results and we can even observe a distinct excitation profile along the antenna due to small field inhomogeneities.

  20. GOES-R Science Briefing

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2016-11-17

    In the Kennedy Space Center's Press Site auditorium, members of the media participate in a mission briefing on the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES-R). Briefing participants from left are: Steven Goodman, NOAA's GOES-R program scientist; Joseph A. Pica, director of the National Weather Service Office of Observations; Sandra Cauffman, deputy director of NASA's Earth Science Division; and Damon Penn, assistant administrator for response at the Federal Emergency Management Agency. GOES-R is the first satellite in a series of next-generation GOES satellites for NOAA, the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. It will launch to a geostationary orbit over the western hemisphere to provide images of storms and help meteorologists predict severe weather conditionals and develop long-range forecasts.

  1. KSC-04PD-1776

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. United Space Alliance workers Dallas Lewis (left) and Damon Petty clean up hurricane debris inside the Thermal Protection System Facility (TPSF). Much of the roof was torn off by Hurricane Frances as it passed over Central Florida during the Labor Day weekend. Undamaged equipment has been moved to the RLV hangar at KSC. The TPSF, which creates the TPS tiles, blankets and all the internal thermal control systems for the Space Shuttles, is almost totally unserviceable at this time after losing approximately 35 percent of its roof. The maximum wind at the surface from Hurricane Frances was 94 mph from the northeast at 6:40 a.m. on Sunday, September 5. It was recorded at a weather tower located on the east shore of the Mosquito Lagoon near the Cape Canaveral National Seashore. The highest sustained wind at KSC was 68 mph.

  2. KSC-04PD-1777

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. United Space Alliance workers Dallas Lewis (left) and Damon Petty carry out equipment from the Thermal Protection System Facility (TPSF). The TPSF, which creates the TPS tiles, blankets and all the internal thermal control systems for the Space Shuttles, is almost totally unserviceable at this time after losing approximately 35 percent of its roof due to Hurricane Frances, which blew across Central Florida Sept. 4-5. Undamaged equipment is being moved to the RLV hangar at KSC. The maximum wind at the surface from Hurricane Frances was 94 mph from the northeast at 6:40 a.m. on Sunday, September 5. It was recorded at a weather tower located on the east shore of the Mosquito Lagoon near the Cape Canaveral National Seashore. The highest sustained wind at KSC was 68 mph.

  3. KSC-04pd0627

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2004-03-25

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Damon Petty, with United Space Alliance, prepares the cover of another insulation blanket in the “oven” prior to heat cleaning. The blankets fit inside the nose cap of an orbiter. They consist of layered, pure silica felt sandwiched between a layer of silica fabric (the hot side) and a layer of S-Glass fabric. The blanket is through-stitched with pure silica thread in a 1-inch grid pattern. After fabrication, the blanket is bonded directly to the vehicle structure and finally coated with a high purity silica coating that improves erosion resistance. The blankets are semi-rigid and can be made as large as 30 inches by 30 inches.

  4. KSC-04pd0624

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2004-03-25

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Damon Petty, with United Space Alliance, removes a piece of insulation blanket from an “oven” after heat cleaning. The blankets fit inside the nose cap of an orbiter. They consist of layered, pure silica felt sandwiched between a layer of silica fabric (the hot side) and a layer of S-Glass fabric. The blanket is through-stitched with pure silica thread in a 1-inch grid pattern. After fabrication, the blanket is bonded directly to the vehicle structure and finally coated with a high purity silica coating that improves erosion resistance. The blankets are semi-rigid and can be made as large as 30 inches by 30 inches.

  5. KSC-04pd0623

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2004-03-25

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Damon Petty, with United Space Alliance, places pieces of insulation blanket into an “oven” for heat cleaning. The blankets fit inside the nose cap of an orbiter. They consist of layered, pure silica felt sandwiched between a layer of silica fabric (the hot side) and a layer of S-Glass fabric. The blanket is through-stitched with pure silica thread in a 1-inch grid pattern. After fabrication, the blanket is bonded directly to the vehicle structure and finally coated with a high purity silica coating that improves erosion resistance. The blankets are semi-rigid and can be made as large as 30 inches by 30 inches.

  6. KSC-04pd0622

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2004-03-25

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Damon Petty, with United Space Alliance, removes an insulation blanket from a shelf prior to heat cleaning and waterproofing. The blankets fit inside the nose cap of an orbiter. They consist of layered, pure silica felt sandwiched between a layer of silica fabric (the hot side) and a layer of S-Glass fabric. The blanket is through-stitched with pure silica thread in a 1-inch grid pattern. After fabrication, the blanket is bonded directly to the vehicle structure and finally coated with a high purity silica coating that improves erosion resistance. The blankets are semi-rigid and can be made as large as 30 inches by 30 inches.

  7. KSC-04pd0625

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2004-03-25

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Damon Petty, with United Space Alliance, removes another insulation blanket from a shelf prior to heat cleaning and waterproofing. The blankets fit inside the nose cap of an orbiter. They consist of layered, pure silica felt sandwiched between a layer of silica fabric (the hot side) and a layer of S-Glass fabric. The blanket is through-stitched with pure silica thread in a 1-inch grid pattern. After fabrication, the blanket is bonded directly to the vehicle structure and finally coated with a high purity silica coating that improves erosion resistance. The blankets are semi-rigid and can be made as large as 30 inches by 30 inches.

  8. KSC-04pd0628

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2004-03-25

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Damon Petty, with United Space Alliance, gets ready to place insulation blankets on the shelf after they have been heated. The blankets fit inside the nose cap of an orbiter. They consist of layered, pure silica felt sandwiched between a layer of silica fabric (the hot side) and a layer of S-Glass fabric. The blanket is through-stitched with pure silica thread in a 1-inch grid pattern. After fabrication, the blanket is bonded directly to the vehicle structure and finally coated with a high purity silica coating that improves erosion resistance. The blankets are semi-rigid and can be made as large as 30 inches by 30 inches.

  9. KSC-04pd0626

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2004-03-25

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Damon Petty, with United Space Alliance, covers another insulation blanket in the “oven” prior to heat cleaning. The blankets fit inside the nose cap of an orbiter. They consist of layered, pure silica felt sandwiched between a layer of silica fabric (the hot side) and a layer of S-Glass fabric. The blanket is through-stitched with pure silica thread in a 1-inch grid pattern. After fabrication, the blanket is bonded directly to the vehicle structure and finally coated with a high purity silica coating that improves erosion resistance. The blankets are semi-rigid and can be made as large as 30 inches by 30 inches.

  10. GOES-R Science Briefing

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2016-11-17

    In the Kennedy Space Center's Press Site auditorium, members of the media participate in a mission briefing on the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES-R). Briefing participants from left are: Sean Potter of NASA Communications; Steven Goodman, NOAA's GOES-R program scientist; Joseph A. Pica, director of the National Weather Service Office of Observations; Sandra Cauffman, deputy director of NASA's Earth Science Division; and Damon Penn, assistant administrator for response at the Federal Emergency Management Agency. GOES-R is the first satellite in a series of next-generation GOES satellites for NOAA, the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. It will launch to a geostationary orbit over the western hemisphere to provide images of storms and help meteorologists predict severe weather conditionals and develop long-range forecasts.

  11. Growth and spin-wave properties of thin Y{sub 3}Fe{sub 5}O{sub 12} films on Si substrates

    SciTech Connect

    Stognij, A. I.; Novitskii, N. N.; Lutsev, L. V. Bursian, V. E.

    2015-07-14

    We describe synthesis of submicron Y{sub 3}Fe{sub 5}O{sub 12} (YIG) films sputtered on Si substrates and present results of the investigation of ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) and spin waves in YIG/SiO{sub 2}/Si structures. It is found that decrease of the annealing time leads to essential reduction of the FMR linewidth ΔH and, consequently, to reduction of relaxation losses of spin waves. Spin-wave propagation in in-plane magnetized YIG/SiO{sub 2}/Si structures is studied. We observe the asymmetry of amplitude-frequency characteristics of the Damon-Eshbach spin waves caused by different localizations of spin waves at the free YIG surface and at the YIG/SiO{sub 2} interface. Growth of the generating microwave power leads to spin-wave instability and changes amplitude-frequency characteristics of spin waves.

  12. Obama Speaks to ISS and STS-133 Crews

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2011-03-03

    President Barack Obama makes a phone call with the crew of the Space Shuttle Discovery and the International Space Station from the Oval Office, March 3, 2011. Listening in the background are, from left: Ted Wackler, Acting Chief of Staff, Office of Science and Technology; Damon Wells, Assistant Director for Aeronautics and Space, Office of Science and Technology; and NASA Administrator Charles Bolden. (Official White House Photo by Samantha Appleton) This photograph is provided by THE WHITE HOUSE as a courtesy and may be printed by the subject(s) in the photograph for personal use only. The photograph may not be manipulated in any way and may not otherwise be reproduced, disseminated or broadcast, without the written permission of the White House Photo Office. This photograph may not be used in any commercial or political materials, advertisements, emails, products, promotions that in any way suggests approval or endorsement of the President, the First Family, or the White House.

  13. Spin-wave propagation in ultra-thin YIG based waveguides

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Collet, M.; Gladii, O.; Evelt, M.; Bessonov, V.; Soumah, L.; Bortolotti, P.; Demokritov, S. O.; Henry, Y.; Cros, V.; Bailleul, M.; Demidov, V. E.; Anane, A.

    2017-02-01

    Spin-wave propagation in microfabricated 20 nm thick, 2.5 μm wide Yttrium Iron Garnet (YIG) waveguides is studied using propagating spin-wave spectroscopy (PSWS) and phase resolved micro-focused Brillouin Light Scattering (μ-BLS) spectroscopy. We demonstrate that spin-wave propagation in 50 parallel waveguides is robust against microfabrication induced imperfections and extract spin-wave propagation parameters for the Damon-Eshbach configuration in a wide range of excitation frequencies. As expected from its low damping, YIG allows for the propagation of spin waves over long distances; the attenuation lengths is 25 μm at μ 0 H = 45 mT. Moreover, direct mapping of spin waves by μ-BLS allows us to reconstruct the spin-wave dispersion relation and to confirm the multi-mode propagation in the waveguides, glimpsed by propagating spin-wave spectroscopy.

  14. KSC-04PD-1776

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. United Space Alliance workers Dallas Lewis (left) and Damon Petty clean up hurricane debris inside the Thermal Protection System Facility (TPSF). Much of the roof was torn off by Hurricane Frances as it passed over Central Florida during the Labor Day weekend. Undamaged equipment has been moved to the RLV hangar at KSC. The TPSF, which creates the TPS tiles, blankets and all the internal thermal control systems for the Space Shuttles, is almost totally unserviceable at this time after losing approximately 35 percent of its roof. The maximum wind at the surface from Hurricane Frances was 94 mph from the northeast at 6:40 a.m. on Sunday, September 5. It was recorded at a weather tower located on the east shore of the Mosquito Lagoon near the Cape Canaveral National Seashore. The highest sustained wind at KSC was 68 mph.

  15. KSC-04PD-1777

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. United Space Alliance workers Dallas Lewis (left) and Damon Petty carry out equipment from the Thermal Protection System Facility (TPSF). The TPSF, which creates the TPS tiles, blankets and all the internal thermal control systems for the Space Shuttles, is almost totally unserviceable at this time after losing approximately 35 percent of its roof due to Hurricane Frances, which blew across Central Florida Sept. 4-5. Undamaged equipment is being moved to the RLV hangar at KSC. The maximum wind at the surface from Hurricane Frances was 94 mph from the northeast at 6:40 a.m. on Sunday, September 5. It was recorded at a weather tower located on the east shore of the Mosquito Lagoon near the Cape Canaveral National Seashore. The highest sustained wind at KSC was 68 mph.

  16. Tailoring dynamic magnetic characteristics of F e60A l40 films through ion irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tahir, N.; Bali, R.; Gieniusz, R.; Mamica, S.; Gollwitzer, J.; Schneider, T.; Lenz, K.; Potzger, K.; Lindner, J.; Krawczyk, M.; Fassbender, J.; Maziewski, A.

    2015-10-01

    Magnetization dynamics in F e60A l40 thin films possessing depth-varying saturation magnetization (MS) have been studied experimentally and theoretically. Variation in MS was achieved by irradiation of 40 nm thick, chemically ordered (B2 phase) F e60A l40 films with N e+ ions with energies between 0-30 keV. The initial B2 phase is paramagnetic, and as the penetrating ions cause chemical disordering, the ion-affected region transforms to the ferromagnetic A2 phase. The effective ferromagnetic thickness and the depth of the A2/B2 phase boundary depend on the ion energy (E ); the effective thicknesses are 8.5 and 40 nm, respectively, for E =2.5 and 30 keV. Thermally excited spin waves in films with varying effective ferromagnetic thicknesses were analyzed by employing Brillouin light scattering and vector network analyzer ferromagnetic resonance spectroscopy. The analytical calculations are in good agreement with the experimental values and show that the observed spin-wave modes are directly related to the effective ferromagnetic thickness; films irradiated with E <15 keV only show the Damon-Eshbach mode, whereas for 15 ≤ E <20 keV , an additional lower frequency standing spin-wave mode is observed. In films irradiated with E ≥20 keV , the Damon-Eshbach mode is observed to lie between two standing spin-wave modes. Furthermore, the A2/B2 phase boundary can be shown to act as an asymmetric pinning site. Controlling the depth of the phase boundary by varying the ion energy can be a path to manipulate spin-wave propagation in materials displaying the phenomenon of disorder induced ferromagnetism.

  17. Influence of Friction Resistance on Expression of Superelastic Properties of Initial NiTi Wires in “Reduced Friction” and Conventional Bracket Systems

    PubMed Central

    Reznikov, Natalie; Har-Zion, Gilad; Barkana, Idit; Abed, Yosef; Redlich, Meir

    2010-01-01

    Objectives. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of resistance to sliding on expression of superelastic properties of NiTi wires. Methods and Materials. A three-point bending test was performed for 0.014 NiTi wire engaged in self-ligating (Damon, SmartClip, In-Ovation) and conventional brackets (Victory) ligated with regular and reduced friction modules (Slide). The wire was deflected in the buccal direction and allowed to straighten. The maximum load, unloading plateau and unloading capacity were registered. Results. The lowest activation load was required in the active self-ligating group (In-Ovation 2.2 ± 0.4 N) and reduced friction module group (Victory/Slide 2.9 ± 0.4 N), followed by the passive self-ligating systems (Damon 3.6 ± 0.7 N, SmartClip 3.7 ± 0.4 N). Higher activation load was obtained in the conventionally ligated group (Victory/module 4.5 ± 0.4 N). Unloading plateau phase with the load magnitude ranging from 1.27 ± 0.4 N (In-Ovation) to 1.627 ± 0.4 N (Slide) was distinct in all groups but one (Victory). Conclusions. Higher friction at flanking points reduces the net force delivered by the wire. Unloading plateau phase of NiTi load-deflection curve disappears in the conventionally ligated group thus indicating to an incomplete expression of NiTi superelastic properties. A rigid passive bracket clip amplifies resistance to sliding in an active configuration and produces a permanent deflection of the wire. PMID:20981153

  18. Chemsheet as a Simulation Platform for Pyrometallurgical Processes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Penttilä, Karri; Salminen, Justin; Tripathi, Nagendra; Koukkari, Pertti

    ChemSheet is a thermodynamic multi-phase multi-component simulation software, which is used as an Add-in in Microsoft Excel. In ChemSheet, the unique Constrained Gibbs free energy method can be used to include dynamic constraints and reaction rates of kinetically slow reactions, yet retaining full consistency of the multiphase thermodynamic model. With appropriate data, ChemSheet models can be used to simulate reactors and processes in all fields of thermochemistry. The presentation will cover off-line modeling of Cu-flash smelters and advanced thermochemical simulation coupled with on-line process control of Cu-Ni smelting. The presentation will describe an off-line model of Cu-smelter based on critically assessed properties of the Al-Ca-Cu-Fe-O-S-Si -system (slag, matte and liquid metal) by using the quasichemical model. A four-stage reactor model (shaft, settler, uptake and bath) is used for optimizing process parameters and feed particle distribution. As a second example, an advanced thermochemical model of a Ni-Cu sulphide smelting plant will be given. The on-line model covers the operation of treating Ni-Cu-S concentrate via roasters, electric furnace and converters, producing a high grade Bessemer matte product for further refining. The model integrates the thermochemistry of the roasters and electric furnace, and predicts important process parameters such as degree of sulphur elimination in the fluid-bed roasters, matte grade, iron metallization, slag losses and the iron to silica ratio in the electric furnace slag. Both models can be used to assist process engineers and operators in calculating the addition rates of coke, flux and air for different feed scenarios.

  19. Investigation of Sn Whisker Growth in Electroplated Sn and Sn-Ag as a Function of Plating Variables and Storage Conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chang, Jaewon; Kang, Sung K.; Lee, Jae-Ho; Kim, Keun-Soo; Lee, Hyuck Mo

    2014-01-01

    Sn whiskers are becoming a serious reliability issue in Pb-free electronic packaging applications. Among the numerous Sn whisker mitigation strategies, minor alloying additions to Sn have been proven effective. In this study, several commercial Sn and Sn-Ag baths of low-whisker formulations are evaluated to develop optimum mitigation strategies for electroplated Sn and Sn-Ag. The effects of plating variables and storage conditions, including plating thickness and current density, on Sn whisker growth are investigated for matte Sn, matte Sn-Ag, and bright Sn-Ag electroplated on a Si substrate. Two different storage conditions are applied: an ambient condition (30°C, dry air) and a high-temperature/high-humidity condition (55°C, 85% relative humidity). Scanning electron microscopy is employed to record the Sn whisker growth history of each sample up to 4000 h. Transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, and focused ion beam techniques are used to understand the microstructure, the formation of intermetallic compounds (IMCs), oxidation, the Sn whisker growth mechanism, and other features. In this study, it is found that whiskers are observed only under ambient conditions for both thin and thick samples regardless of the current density variations for matte Sn. However, whiskers are not observed on Sn-Ag-plated surfaces due to the equiaxed grains and fine Ag3Sn IMCs located at grain boundaries. In addition, Sn whiskers can be suppressed under the high-temperature/high-humidity conditions due to the random growth of IMCs and the formation of thick oxide layers.

  20. Marine Technology for Teachers and Students: A Multi-modal Approach to Integrate Technology and Ocean Sciences Instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gingras, A.; Knowlton, C. W.; Scowcroft, G. A.; Babb, I.; Coleman, D.; Morin, H.

    2016-02-01

    The Marine Technology for Teachers and Students (MaTTS) Project implements a year-long continuum of activities beginning with educators reading and reporting on peer-reviewed publications, followed by face-to-face, hands-on weekend workshops and virtual professional development activities. Teams of teacher and student leaders then participate in an intensive, residential Summer Institute (SI) that emphasizes hands-on building of marine related technologies and exposure to career pathways through direct interactions with ocean scientists and engineers. During the school year, teachers integrate ocean science technology and data into their classrooms and participate, along with colleagues and students from their schools, in science cafes and webinars. Student leaders transfer knowledge gained by engaging their district's middle school students in ocean science activities and technologies by serving as hosts for live broadcasts that connect classrooms with ocean scientists and engineers though the Inner Space Center, a national ocean science telecommunications hub. Communication technologies bridge formal and informal learning environments, allowing MaTTS participants to interact with their fellow cohort members, scientists, and engineers both during and outside of school. Evaluation results indicate that for teachers both the weekend workshops and SI were most effective in preparing them to integrate ocean science and technology in STEM curricula and increase their ocean science content knowledge and leadership characteristics. For students the SI and the middle school interactions supported gains in knowledge, awareness, leadership skills and interest in ocean sciences and technologies, and related STEM careers. In particular, the connections made by working directly with scientists have positively impacted both student and teacher leaders. This presentation will provide an overview of the MaTTS model and early evaluation results.

  1. Femoral head fractures: hemiarthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty?

    PubMed

    Ullmark, Gösta

    2014-10-02

    Most femoral neck fractures are osteoporotic fractures in the elderly. The one-year mortality after neck fracture in this group is 24%.For hemiarthroplasty (HA) the bipolar heads have a risk reduction for reoperation due to acetabular erosion compared with monoblock heads. Surprisingly, the bipolar head had an increased reoperation risk for dislocation, infection and for periprosthetic fracture.Total hip arthroplasty (THA) after fracture has a four-fold raised risk for dislocation compared with THA after osteoarthritis. A larger head on the same neck (head to neck ratio) results in a theoretically larger range of movement and hence less risk for dislocation. The dual mobility bearing has, theoretically, the largest range of movement and good clinical results.Functional results are better for THA compared with HA. Arthroplasty for fracture has much better results compared with arthroplasty after a failed internal fixation; the risk for reoperation is more than doubled for the latter.A Swedish hip arthroplasty register study found a 20-fold higher risk for periprosthetic fracture when comparing uncemented HA with matt cemented HA. Also a polished cemented stem had 13½-fold higher risks compared with a matt.The mortality during the first day after surgery is higher for cemented compared with uncemented arthroplasties, but lower after one week, one month and one year. Analysing the time points together resulted in no difference.A matt cemented THA with a maximum head size, maybe dual mobility, has the best results, and is also for the low-demanding elderly.

  2. AFLOW: An Automatic Framework for High-throughput Materials Discovery

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-11-14

    Society for Metals, Materials Park, OH, 1990. [25] P. Villars , M. Berndt, K. Brandenburg, K. Cenzual, J. Daams, F. Hulliger, T. Massalski, H. Okamoto...Conden. Matt. 21 (2009) 395502. [30] J. K. Nørskov, T. Bligaard, J. Rossmeisl, C. H. Christensen, Nat. Chem. 1 (2009) 37. [31] P. Villars , in: J. H...A. Pople, J. Chem. Phys. 106 (1997) 1063. [78] G. Kresse, A. Gil , P. Sautet, Phys. Rev. B 68 (2003) 073401. [79] M. Shishkin, M.Marsman, G. Kresse

  3. Test and Evaluation of Two Prototype Model Underwater Decompression Monitors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-12-01

    polyurethsne paint or matte black powder coat finish Straps: VelcroG 12.1 x 40 cm. Slotted throuih four 1.9 cm long stainless steel pine on the bottom of...threaded through two stainless steel pins in the case body used to connect the unit to the arm of the user. Straps are 2.4 cm wide and 35 cm long. Display...pla.stic buckles were slotted through four 1.9 cm long stainless steel pins on the bottom of the case (Figure 2). The pin holders were off-set, presumably

  4. Quality Assessment and Accessibility Applications of Crowdsourced Geospatial Data: A Report on the Development and Extension of the George Mason University Geocrowdsourcing Testbed

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-01

    Matt Rice et al., “Design Considerations for Haptic and Auditory Map Interfaces,” Cartography and Geographic Information Science 32, no. 4 (2005...The Process of Experiencing Haptic Maps and Graphics,” The Professional Geographer 57, no. 3 (August 2005): 339–49, doi:10.1111/j.0033...Experiencing   Haptic  Maps  and  Graphics.”  The  Professional  Ge-­‐ ographer  57,  no.  3  (August  2005):  339–49.  doi:10.1111

  5. On the R-Dependence of the Spin-Orbit Coupling Constant: Potential Energy Functions of Xe2+ by High-Resolution Photoelectron Spectroscopy and ab initio Quantum Chemistry

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    thank Professor Dr. Laura Gagliardi and Professor (1978). Dr. Roland Lindh for helpful discussions regarding the usage 41W. R. Wadt, J. Chem. Phys. 68...Karlstrdm, R. Lindh , P.-A. Malmqvist, B. 0. Roos, U. Ryde, V. Verya- 6 B. J. Whitaker, C. A. Woodward, P. J. Knowles, and A. J. Stace, J. Chem. zov, P...Reiher and A. Wolf, Phys. Lett. A 360, 603 (2007). 3J. Fedor, R. Parajuli, S. Matt-Leubner, 0. Echt, E Hagelberg, K. Gluch, B. 0. Roos, R. Lindh , P-A

  6. Pavement Functional Condition Indicators

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-02-01

    Diagonal Braked Vehicle 6M 65 Correlation olC alitornia >kKl lesier and Pennsyl’ ania State Drag Skid Jester 70 66 Correlation Betvuvn the Wei Dry...aj Paw- matt Frolili’ | Pennsylvania Department of Trans - portation. I%9|.) ’. I’he i-iiunl valui-s appcarin)! i" the AH) liibulalion rt’liiti...applieri to the autocorrelation function R(T) of a sample funciion y(x). The resulting Fourier trans - form ol R(T) is also the power spectral density

  7. Episode 2: The Clean Energy Geek Squad (Direct Current – An Energy.gov Podcast)

    ScienceCinema

    Lantero, Allison; Dozier, Matt; Phear, Nicky; Wood, Daniel; Lester, Paul

    2016-07-12

    In this episode of Direct Current - An Energy.gov Podcast, Matt calls up the Clean Energy Solutions Center, a "help desk" that provides free expert advice on clean energy policy to governments all over the world. Allison talks to Nicky Phear, a professor who cycles hundreds of miles across Montana to teach her students about climate change. Nicky just received a big award at the C3E Women in Clean Energy Symposium for her education work, and she's basically an energy rockstar. Dan and Paul put their heads together to come up with a better way to measure energy -- starting with the humble burrito.

  8. Ceramics with decorative aspect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voica, Cezara

    2009-08-01

    The last decades brought the development of bone china techniques used for producing the decorative articles. These products can be glazed with a transparent and thin glaze layer, even with more special (decorative) ones which gives new aesthetic aspect. The present article presents the results obtained after the studies performed for matte glazes for decorative bone china. As microcrystalization agent were used zinc oxide; the content of this oxide bring some changes of the basic glaze thus the chemical composition must be adjusted as the fluxes would present the desired properties after the heating process.

  9. Evaluation of Identity Based Encryption (IBE) Capabilities for the US DHS S&T Secure Wireless Communications Program and the CAN-US Security Enhanced Blackberry Trial

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    Invented by Dr. Dan Boneh and Dr. Matt Franklin in 2001, Identity-Based Encryption [1] or IBE, is a breakthrough in asymmetric cryptography that, for the...2004-??? [BF] D. Boneh and M. Franklin, “Identity-based encryption from the Weil pairing”, In Proc. Crypto ’01, LNCS 2139, pages 213–229, 2001...contract F30602-99-1-0530. This project led to the invention of Boneh -Franklin IBE algorithm [1], the first IBE technology that was found to be both

  10. Selective reduction of heavy metals

    SciTech Connect

    Bjorling, G.

    1984-12-11

    The present invention relates to selective reduction of heavy metals out of finey grained, substantially oxidic material by blowing the oxidic material into a furnace together with an amount of reducing agent required for obtaining desired selectivity while simultaneously heat energy is supplied by a gas heated in a plasma generator, the temperature being adjusted to such a level as to correspond to the oxygen potential at which the desired metals are transformed into a particular, isolatable phase as metal melt, metal vapor, speiss or matte and at which the remaining metals enter into a slag phase and can be isolated as slag melt.

  11. Shuttle Enterprise Flight To New York

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2012-04-27

    Space shuttle Enterprise, mounted atop a NASA 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA), is seen as it flies over the Hudson River, Friday, April 27, 2012, in New York. Enterprise was the first shuttle orbiter built for NASA performing test flights in the atmosphere and was incapable of spaceflight. Originally housed at the Smithsonian's Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Enterprise will be demated from the SCA and placed on a barge that will eventually be moved by tugboat up the Hudson River to the Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum in June. Photo Credit: (NASA/Matt Hedges)

  12. Computationally Efficient Substrate Noise Coupling Estimation in Lightly Doped Silicon Substrates

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-22

    sparing their valuable time to serve on my committee. My research group-mates Matt, Jim, Chris, Arathi, Chenggang and Sasi and other friends in...substrate with channel-stop implant. 8 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 R 12 ( Ω...one of the two-contact cases is shown in Figure 2.5. 0 20 40 60 80 100 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 separation (μm) R 12 fl oa tin g ba ck pl

  13. Recovery of Precious Metals from Lead Bullion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jung, Volker

    1981-10-01

    An improved technique for recovering precious metals from secondary sources, using a blast furnace to separate and slag the nonmetallic components of these materials, is discussed. The composition of the blast furnace products (lead bullion, matte, slag, and flue dust) is presented. The non-precious metals in the lead bullion are oxidized in an oxygen top-blown rotary converter. Design and functioning of the blast furnace and the converter are described. Some results and the most important changes of the converter process are reported compared to the normally used rever-beratory furnace process.

  14. Experimental Investigation and Modeling of Copper Smelting Slags

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Starodub, Konstantin; Kuminova, Yaroslava; Dinsdale, Alan; Cheverikin, Vladimir; Filichkina, Vera; Saynazarov, Abdukahhar; Khvan, Alexandra; Kondratiev, Alex

    2016-10-01

    Effective extraction of copper from sulfide ores requires careful operation of a copper smelter, which in turn depends very much on chemistry of the feed and resulted slag and matte. For example, chemical composition of copper smelting slags has to be in a certain range to ensure that their properties are within specific limits. Disobeying these rules may lead to complications in smelting operation, poor quality of the copper products, and premature shutdown of the copper smelter. In the present paper the microstructure and phase composition of slags from the Almalyk copper flash smelter were investigated experimentally and then modeled thermodynamically to evaluate potential ways of improvement and optimization of the copper smelting process and its products. The slag samples were taken at different stages of the copper smelting process: on slag tapping, after slag transportation to a deposition site, and at the site. Experimental investigation included the XRD, XRF, and SEM techniques, which were also confirmed by the traditional wet chemistry analysis. Thermodynamic modeling was carried out using thermochemical software package MTDATA, which enables thermodynamic and physical properties of the matte, slag, and gas phases to be calculated in a wide range of temperatures, pressures, and chemical compositions. In addition, slag viscosities and corresponding matte settling rates were estimated using the modified Urbain and Utigard-Warczok models, and the Hadamard-Rybczynski equation, respectively. It was found that the copper content in the slags may vary significantly depending on the location of slag sampling. Cu was found to be present as sulfide particles, almost no Cu was found to be dissolved in the slag. Analysis of microstructure and phase composition showed that major phase found in the samples is fayalite, while other phases are complex spinels (based on magnetite), different sulfides, and a glass-like phase. Thermodynamic calculations demonstrated the

  15. Episode 2: The Clean Energy Geek Squad (Direct Current – An Energy.gov Podcast)

    SciTech Connect

    Lantero, Allison; Dozier, Matt; Phear, Nicky; Wood, Daniel; Lester, Paul

    2016-06-03

    In this episode of Direct Current - An Energy.gov Podcast, Matt calls up the Clean Energy Solutions Center, a "help desk" that provides free expert advice on clean energy policy to governments all over the world. Allison talks to Nicky Phear, a professor who cycles hundreds of miles across Montana to teach her students about climate change. Nicky just received a big award at the C3E Women in Clean Energy Symposium for her education work, and she's basically an energy rockstar. Dan and Paul put their heads together to come up with a better way to measure energy -- starting with the humble burrito.

  16. Dominant factors of the laser gettering of silicon wafers

    SciTech Connect

    Bokhan, Yu. I. E-mail: yuibokhan@gmail.com; Kamenkov, V. S.; Tolochko, N. K.

    2015-02-15

    The laser gettering of silicon wafers is experimentally investigated. The typical gettering parameters are considered. The surfaces of laser-treated silicon wafers are investigated by microscopy. When studying the effect of laser radiation on silicon wafers during gettering, a group of factors determining the conditions of interaction between the laser beam and silicon-wafer surface and affecting the final result of treatment are selected. The main factors determining the gettering efficiency are revealed. Limitations on the desired value of the getter-layer capacity on surfaces with insufficiently high cleanness (for example, ground or matte) are established.

  17. 26. A sepia photograph, 7 1/2" x 8 1/2" oh ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    26. A sepia photograph, 7 1/2" x 8 1/2" oh semi-matte paper, aerial oblique of central Terre Haute with negative inscribed letters (prints on positive as white) along the bottom margin, "(02105-631K-118) (3-10-37. 10:30A) (R-1000) (State Normal College, Terre Haute, Ind.)" This view taken looking east shows the gas building in the near foreground right. On the reverse in red pencil, "Campus Scenes 10" and in black pencil, "1937". Source: Indiana State University Archives. - John T. Beasley Building, 632 Cherry Street (between Sixth & Seventh Streets), Terre Haute, Vigo County, IN

  18. 'The right direction'. Primary-care docs see promise in CMS' proposed pay for non face-to-face work.

    PubMed

    Robeznieks, Andis

    2013-07-15

    The CMS has proposed paying physicians for managing patients apart from face-to-face office visits. Among the details under consideration are requiring practices to use an electronic health-record system that supports access to care, care coordination, care management and communications. "It's a step in the right direction. The devil will be in the details and, if the burden of documentation is so high, people may choose not to spend their time doing it," says Dr. Matt Handley, physician and medical director for quality at the Group Health Cooperative.

  19. New species Victoriopisa bruneiensis and Apocorophium acutum (Chevreux, 1908) from Brunei (Crustacea: Peracarida: Amphipoda).

    PubMed

    Hossain, M Belal; Hughes, L E

    2016-06-01

    One new and one invasive species of amphipod are described from the subtidal waters of Brunei. The new species Victoriopisa bruneiensis (Melitidae) and the invasive species Apocorophium acutum (Chevereux, 1908) (Corophiidae) were collected from the Sungai Brunei Estuary. Victoriopisa bruneiensis sp. nov. is one of only four Victoriopisa where the eyes are present. An updated key to twelve world species of Victoriopisa is provided. Apocorophium acutum occurs in high density algal matts on pylons/rocks. This is the sixth species of Apocorophium described for the genus.

  20. ARC-2007-ACD07-0170-004

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2007-07-18

    Haughton-Mars Project: - Photo credit to Matt Deans (NASA) K-10 Rover 'Red' base camp at Haughton Creater Devon Island, Nunavut, in the Canadian high arctic. Which lies in the 'frost rubble zone' of the Earth, i.e., in a polar desert environment and is the only crater known to lie in such an environment. Beginning in 1997, the crater and its surroundings are studied as a promising Mars analog by the NASA-led Haughton-Mars Project. (photo reference MCD_0859.JPG)

  1. ARC-2007-ACD07-0170-003

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2007-07-18

    Haughton-Mars Project: - Photo credit to Matt Deans (NASA) K-10 Rover 'Red' base camp at Haughton Creater Devon Island, Nunavut, in the Canadian high arctic. Which lies in the 'frost rubble zone' of the Earth, i.e., in a polar desert environment and is the only crater known to lie in such an environment. Beginning in 1997, the crater and its surroundings are studied as a promising Mars analog by the NASA-led Haughton-Mars Project. (photo reference MCD_0838.JPG)

  2. ARC-2007-ACD07-0170-005

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2007-07-19

    Haughton-Mars Project: - Photo credit to Matt Deans (NASA) K-10 Rover 'Black' and K-10 'RED' conducting systematic site survey at Haughton Creater Devon Island, Nunavut, in the Canadian high arctic. Which lies in the 'frost rubble zone' of the Earth, i.e., in a polar desert environment and is the only crater known to lie in such an environment. Beginning in 1997, the crater and its surroundings are studied as a promising Mars analog by the NASA-led Haughton-Mars Project. (photo reference MCD_0888.JPG)

  3. ARC-2007-ACD07-0170-007

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2007-07-20

    Haughton-Mars Project: - Photo credit to Matt Deans (NASA) K-10 Rover 'Red' base camp at Haughton Creater Devon Island, Nunavut, in the Canadian high arctic. Which lies in the 'frost rubble zone' of the Earth, i.e., in a polar desert environment and is the only crater known to lie in such an environment. Beginning in 1997, the crater and its surroundings are studied as a promising Mars analog by the NASA-led Haughton-Mars Project. (photo reference K10-R-haughton.jpg - crop of ACD07-0170-4 MCD_0859.JPG)

  4. ARC-2007-ACD07-0170-001

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2007-07-23

    Haughton-Mars Project: - Photo credit to Matt Deans (NASA) K-10 Rover 'Black' driving on 'Drill Hill at Haughton Creater Devon Island, Nunavut, in the Canadian high arctic. Which lies in the 'frost rubble zone' of the Earth, i.e., in a polar desert environment and is the only crater known to lie in such an environment. Beginning in 1997, the crater and its surroundings are studied as a promising Mars analog by the NASA-led Haughton-Mars Project. (photo reference IMG_1278.JPG)

  5. ARC-2007-ACD07-0170-002

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2007-07-18

    Haughton-Mars Project: - Photo credit to Matt Deans (NASA) K-10 Rover 'Black' operating with ground-penetrating radar at Haughton Creater Devon Island, Nunavut, in the Canadian high arctic. Which lies in the 'frost rubble zone' of the Earth, i.e., in a polar desert environment and is the only crater known to lie in such an environment. Beginning in 1997, the crater and its surroundings are studied as a promising Mars analog by the NASA-led Haughton-Mars Project. (photo reference MCD_0745.JPG

  6. An Evaluation of the Media Coverage Concerning the Mission to Secure the Dog Kennel during the Panama Invasion on December 20, 1989

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-12-01

    34 Reflections, Winter 1989, 13. Matthews, William. "Commanders Downplay Women In Combat," Army Times, February 26, 1990, 9. Maze, Rick . "Byron: No Women in...Combat," Army Times, March 26, 1990. 18. Maze, Rick . "Women Need To Learn Infantry Skills, Warner Says," Arm7y Times, February 5, 1990, 10. McCarthy...January 4, 1990, 3. Yancey , Matt. "Women-Combat," Associated Press, January 14, 1990. Yarbrough, Jean. "The Feminist Mistake," Policy Review, 1983, 48

  7. Construction and Characterization of Human Mammary Epithelial Cell Lines Containing Mutations in the p53 or BRCAl Genes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-10-01

    We originally proposed the Differential Display method (Liang and Pardee 1992) to identify genes that are modulated by p53 and BRCA1 deficiency. As...retroviral delivery of tetracycline-inducible genes in a single autoregulatory cassette. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 93:5185-5190 (1996). Liang P, Pardee A...Shoemaker A, Dove W. ApcMin: a mouse model for intestinal and mammary tumorigenesis. Eur J Cancer 3 1A: 1061-4 (1995). Moser A, Mattes E, Dove W, Lindstrom M

  8. The Search for Life Beyond Earth

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2014-07-14

    Matt Mountain, Director of the Space Telescope Science Institute and telescope scientist for the James Webb Space Telescope, speaks during a panel discussion on the search for life beyond Earth in the James E. Webb Auditorium at NASA Headquarters on Monday, July 14, 2014 in Washington, DC. The panel discussed how NASA's space-based observatories are making new discoveries and how the agency's new telescope, the James Webb Space Telescope, will continue this path of discovery after its schedule launch in 2018. Photo Credit: (NASA/Joel Kowsky)

  9. Creating a Linear Model to Optimize Satellite Communication Bandwidth Utilization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-01

    Don’t write a GRP to fill an academic square; write a paper that will be useful to someone.” Lt Col Rick Folks and Maj Matt Lupone at JCS/J6SC were kind...radio waves for global communications is bending those straight paths of travel around the curvature of the earth. While some radio frequencies can...communications. A solution to bending the signal around the world is to “bounce” it off some object that can reflect it around the curvature of the earth

  10. Sparse Coding for Alpha Matting.

    PubMed

    Johnson, Jubin; Varnousfaderani, Ehsan Shahrian; Cholakkal, Hisham; Rajan, Deepu

    2016-07-01

    Existing color sampling-based alpha matting methods use the compositing equation to estimate alpha at a pixel from the pairs of foreground ( F ) and background ( B ) samples. The quality of the matte depends on the selected ( F,B ) pairs. In this paper, the matting problem is reinterpreted as a sparse coding of pixel features, wherein the sum of the codes gives the estimate of the alpha matte from a set of unpaired F and B samples. A non-parametric probabilistic segmentation provides a certainty measure on the pixel belonging to foreground or background, based on which a dictionary is formed for use in sparse coding. By removing the restriction to conform to ( F,B ) pairs, this method allows for better alpha estimation from multiple F and B samples. The same framework is extended to videos, where the requirement of temporal coherence is handled effectively. Here, the dictionary is formed by samples from multiple frames. A multi-frame graph model, as opposed to a single image as for image matting, is proposed that can be solved efficiently in closed form. Quantitative and qualitative evaluations on a benchmark dataset are provided to show that the proposed method outperforms the current stateoftheart in image and video matting.

  11. Sparse Coding for Alpha Matting.

    PubMed

    Johnson, Jubin; Varnousfaderani, Ehsan; Cholakkal, Hisham; Rajan, Deepu

    2016-04-21

    Existing color sampling based alpha matting methods use the compositing equation to estimate alpha at a pixel from pairs of foreground (F) and background (B) samples. The quality of the matte depends on the selected (F,B) pairs. In this paper, the matting problem is reinterpreted as a sparse coding of pixel features, wherein the sum of the codes gives the estimate of the alpha matte from a set of unpaired F and B samples. A non-parametric probabilistic segmentation provides a certainty measure on the pixel belonging to foreground or background, based on which a dictionary is formed for use in sparse coding. By removing the restriction to conform to (F,B) pairs, this method allows for better alpha estimation from multiple F and B samples. The same framework is extended to videos, where the requirement of temporal coherence is handled effectively. Here, the dictionary is formed by samples from multiple frames. A multi-frame graph model, as opposed to a single image as for image matting, is proposed that can be solved efficiently in closed form. Quantitative and qualitative evaluations on a benchmark dataset are provided to show that the proposed method outperforms current state-of-the-art in image and video matting.

  12. FeXXV and FeXXVI lines from low-velocity, photoionized gas in the X-ray spectra of active galactic nuclei

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bianchi, Stefano; Matt, Giorgio; Nicastro, Fabrizio; Porquet, Delphine; Dubau, Jacques

    2005-02-01

    We have calculated the equivalent widths of the absorption lines produced by FeXXV and FeXXVI in a Compton-thin, low-velocity photoionized material illuminated by the nuclear continuum in active galactic nuclei. The results, plotted against the ionization parameter and the column density of the gas, are a complement to those presented by Bianchi & Matt for the emission lines from the same ionic species. As an extension to the work by Bianchi & Matt, we also present a qualitative discussion on the different contributions to the He-like iron emission line complex in the regimes where recombination or resonant scattering dominates, providing a useful diagnostic tool to measure the column density of the gas. Future high-resolution missions (e.g. Astro-E2) will allow us to fully take advantage of these plasma diagnostics. In the meantime, we compare our results with an up-to-date list of Compton-thick and unobscured (at least at the iron line energy) Seyfert galaxies with emission and/or absorption lines from H- and He-like iron observed with Chandra and XMM-Newton.

  13. Perceived surface color in binocularly viewed scenes with two light sources differing in chromaticity.

    PubMed

    Boyaci, Huseyin; Doerschner, Katja; Maloney, Laurence T

    2004-08-23

    We examined the effect of perceived orientation on the perceived color of matte surfaces in rendered three-dimensional scenes illuminated by a blue diffuse light and a yellow punctate light. On each trial, observers first adjusted the color of a matte test patch, placed near the center of the scene, until it appeared achromatic, and then estimated its orientation by adjusting a monocular gradient probe. The orientation of the test patch was varied from trial to trial by the experimental program, effectively varying the chromaticity of the light mixture from the two light sources that would be absorbed and reemitted by a neutral test patch. We found that observers' achromatic settings varied with perceived orientation but that observers only partially discounted orientation in making achromatic settings. We developed an equivalent illuminant model for our task in which we assumed that observers discount orientation using possibly erroneous estimates of the chromaticities of the light sources and/or their spatial distribution. We found that the observers' failures could be explained by two factors: errors in estimating the direction to the punctate light source and errors in estimating the chromaticities of the two light sources. We discuss the pattern of errors in estimating these factors across observers.

  14. Effect of physical characteristics on bioleaching using indigenous acidophilic bacteria for recovering the valuable resources

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wi, D.; Kim, B.; Cho, K.; Choi, N.; Park, C.

    2011-12-01

    Bioleaching technology which is based on the ability of bacteria to transform solid compounds into soluble or extractable elements that can be recovered, has developed rapidly in recent decades for its advantages, such as mild reaction, low energy consumption, simple process, environmentally friendly and suitable for low-grade mine tailing and residues. This study investigated the bioleaching efficiency of copper matte under batch experimental conditions (various mineral particle size) using the indigenous acidophilic bacteria collected from acidic hot spring in Hatchnobaru, Japan. We conducted the batch experiments at three different mineral particle sizes: 0.06, 0.16 and 1.12mm. The results showed that the pH in the bacteria inoculating sample increased than initial condition, possibly due to buffer effects by phosphate ions in growth medium. After 22 days from incubation the leached accumulation content of Cu was 0.06 mm - 1,197 mg/L, 0.16 mm - 970 mg/L and 1.12 mm - 704 mg/L. Additionally, through SEM analysis we found of gypsum formed crystals which coated the copper matte surface 6 days after inoculation in 1.12mm case. This study informs basic knowledge when bacteria apply to eco-/economic resources utilization studies including the biomining and the recycling of mine waste system.

  15. Functional optics of glossy buttercup flowers.

    PubMed

    van der Kooi, Casper J; Elzenga, J Theo M; Dijksterhuis, Jan; Stavenga, Doekele G

    2017-02-01

    Buttercup (Ranunculus spp.) flowers are exceptional because they feature a distinct gloss (mirror-like reflection) in addition to their matte-yellow coloration. We investigated the optical properties of yellow petals of several Ranunculus and related species using (micro)spectrophotometry and anatomical methods. The contribution of different petal structures to the overall visual signal was quantified using a recently developed optical model. We show that the coloration of glossy buttercup flowers is due to a rare combination of structural and pigmentary coloration. A very flat, pigment-filled upper epidermis acts as a thin-film reflector yielding the gloss, and additionally serves as a filter for light backscattered by the strongly scattering starch and mesophyll layers, which yields the matte-yellow colour. We discuss the evolution of the gloss and its two likely functions: it provides a strong visual signal to insect pollinators and increases the reflection of sunlight to the centre of the flower in order to heat the reproductive organs.

  16. Design fabrication and testing of a low cost ceramic collector panel. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Earl, W.A.; Johnson, P.F.; Sisson, J.C.

    1983-02-01

    The effects of fabrication procedures on the thermal performance of various ceramic systems for active solar applications were investigated. A shale-based structural clay body was used as a standard. This body was also coated with silicon carbide, a glossy black glaze and a matte black glaze. Metal samples used included copper, aluminum and aluminum coated with a flat black paint. Experiments were performed using a solar test box linked to an automated data acquisition system. Temperatures of samples were recorded at 3 min. intervals for 4 h solar periods. An F-statistical analysis was performed on the resulting data and was correlated with total solar emittance, total solar reflectance and monochromatic reflectance as a function of incident wavelength. The information above was also utilized in developing a computer model used to simulate the performance of various materials in active solar testing. Results suggest that a structural clay body fired to maturity and coated with a matte black glaze could be commercially useful for applications requiring large quantities of heated water.

  17. Topographic characterization of glazed surfaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fröberg, Linda; Hupa, Leena

    2008-01-01

    Detailed characterization of surface microstructure, i.e. phase composition and surface geometry, has become an important criterion of glazed ceramics. Topographic characterization is an important parameter in, e.g. estimating the influence of additional films on the average roughness of a surface. Also, the microscaled and nanoscaled roughnesses correlate with the cleanability and the self-cleaning properties of the surfaces. In this work the surface geometry of several matte glazes were described by topography and roughness as given by whitelight confocal microscopy and atomic force microscopy. Different measuring parameters were compared to justify the usefulness of the techniques in giving a comprehensive description of the surface microstructure. The results suggest that confocal microscopy is well suited for giving reliable topographical parameters for matte surfaces with microscaled crystals in the surfaces. Atomic force microscopy was better suited for smooth surfaces or for describing the local topographic parameters of closely limited areas, e.g. the surroundings of separate crystals in the surface.

  18. Design fabrication and testing of ceramic solar absorber plates

    SciTech Connect

    Sisson, J.C.

    1983-01-01

    The effects of fabrication procedures on the thermal performance of various ceramic systems for active solar applications were investigated. A shale-based structural clay body was used as a standard. This body was also coated with silicon carbide, a glossy black glaze and a matte black glaze. Metal samples used included copper, aluminum and aluminum coated with a flat black paint. Experiments were performed using a solar test box linked to an automated data acquisition system. Temperatures of samples were recorded at 3 min. intervals for 4 h solar periods. An F-statistical analysis was performed on the resulting data and was correlated with total solar emittance, total solar reflectance and monochromatic reflectance as a function of incident wavelength. The information above was also utilized in developing a computer model used to simulate the performance of various materials in active solar testing. Results suggest that a structural clay body fired to maturity and coated with a matte black glaze could be commercially useful for applications requiring large quantities of heated water.

  19. Model development and simulation of a slurry-based fiberglass preform manufacturing process

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, R.W.

    1997-12-31

    The U.S. Department of Energy is currently supporting the development of a computer-based model to simulate a slurry process under development to manufacture fiberglass mattes in complex shapes for automobile components. The Automotive Composites Consortium of USCAR has provided oversight and direction for the modeling effort currently underway at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The overall objective of the sponsored work is to minimize nonuniformity of fiberglass mass per unit area in the complex mattes in order to ensure desired properties for the final component. A model has been developed to simulate the buildup of fiberglass on a screen mounted in the center of a piston which is driven through the slurry. The screen is constructed to have the shape of the desired component. The present paper discusses the physics of the slurry process, the approach used to build a computer model of the process, model simulations and comparison of the model simulations with experimental data from actual fiberglass preforms.

  20. Static coefficient of friction between stainless steel and PMMA used in cemented hip and knee implants.

    PubMed

    Nuño, N; Groppetti, R; Senin, N

    2006-11-01

    Design of cemented hip and knee implants, oriented to improve the longevity of artificial joints, is largely based on numerical models. The static coefficient of friction between the implant and the bone cement is necessary to characterize the interface conditions in these models and must be accurately provided. The measurement of this coefficient using a repeatable and reproducible methodology for materials used in total hip arthroplasty is missing from the literature. A micro-topographic surface analysis characterized the surfaces of the specimens used in the experiments. The coefficient of friction between stainless steel and bone cement in dry and wet conditions using bovine serum was determined using a prototype computerized sliding friction tester. The effects of surface roughness (polished versus matt) and of contact pressure on the coefficient of friction have also been investigated. The serum influences little the coefficient of friction for the matt steel surface, where the mechanical interactions due to higher roughness are still the most relevant factor. However, for polished steel surfaces, the restraining effect of proteins plays a very relevant role in increasing the coefficient of friction. When the coefficient of friction is used in finite element analysis, it is used for the debonded stem-cement situation. It can thus be assumed that serum will propagate between the stem and the cement mantle. The authors believe that the use of a static coefficient of friction of 0.3-0.4, measured in the present study, is appropriate in finite element models.

  1. Color reproduction on inkjet printers and paper colorimetric properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fernandez-Reche, Jesus; Uroz, Joan; Diaz, Jose A.; Garcia-Beltran, Antonio

    2003-12-01

    The goal of this work is to study the relationship between the colorimetric characteristics that identify a kind of paper and those that allow us to evaluate its color reproduction capabilities on inkjet printers. A set of 29 different commercial papers from several companies has been tested. The category of those papers ranged from photo quality to prepress proof and ordinary office papers, being their finishing matte, semi-matte or glossy. For each sample, we have measured their reflectance, intrinsic reflectance, opacity, CIE whiteness index and tint. All these measurements followed the procedures established in the international standards about paper and board. Then, we have printed on three different sheet of each paper the color chart proposed in the international standard for color printer characterization ANSI IT8/7.3. When calculated the CIELAB coordinates using the D50 standard illuminant, we studied the dynamic range, color gamut and the rendering linearity. The results show that the colorimetric properties and reproduction capabilities of the 29 commercial papers let us cluster them in accordance with their behavior. However, we found no systematic correlation between color reproduction and specific colorimetric properties of the types of paper: we should search for other physical (not just colorimetric) properties (for instance, gloss or ink absorption capacity).

  2. Interface Electronic Structure and Possible Superconductivity in CuCl/Si(111)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rhim, S. H.; Yu, J.

    2005-03-01

    To investigate a possible interfacial superconductivity ootnotetextB.L. Mattes, Physica C 162,554 (1989); B.L. Mattes and C. L. Foiles, Physica 135B, 139 (1985) in CuCl/Si(111), we carried out electronic structure calculations using the highly precise FLAPW ootnotetextWimmer, Krakauer, Weinert, and Freeman, Phys.Rev.B, 24, 864 (1981) method. As a result of charge transfer between CuCl and Si layers, two-dimensional (2D) metallic states are found to be formed at the interface. From the geometry relaxation, it is shown that the ionic bonding of CuCl is weakened and there is mixed metallic and covalent bonding at the interface. The 2D conduction bands at the interface, sandwiched by the highly polarizable dielectric layers, resemble the 2D Cu-O dpσ bands of the Cu-oxide superconductors, which are considered to be responsible for high Tc superconductivity. To obtain Tc of the CuCl/Si interface based on the conventional electron-phonon(e-p) interactions, we calculated the e-p coupling constant, λ, within the rigid ion approximation ootnotetextG. D. Gaspari and B. L. Gyorffy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28 801 (1972). The results indicate that a strong e-p coupling is present at the interface layers but is not enough to explain the previously reported high transition temperature^2.

  3. Survival of Staphylococcus aureus exposed to UV radiation on the surface of ceramic tiles coated with TiO2.

    PubMed

    Szczawiński, J; Tomaszewski, H; Jackowska-Tracz, A; Szczawińska, M E

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine and compare the antimicrobial activity of UV radiation of wavelength 253.7 nm (used in typical germicidal lamps) against Staphylococcus aureus on the surfaces of conventionally produced white ceramic wall tiles (matt and shiny) and the same tiles coated with TiO2 using three different methods: RF diode sputtering, atmospheric pressure chemical vapour deposition (APCVD) and spray pyrolysis deposition (SPD). Results clearly indicate that the bactericidal action of UV radiation is much stronger on the surfaces of tiles coated with TiO2 than on the tiles uncovered. The strongest bactericidal effect of UV radiation was found for film prepared by APCVD. Results of experiments for shiny and matt tiles did not differ statistically. The use of ceramic wall tiles coated with TiO2 films in hospitals, veterinary clinics, laboratories, food processing plants and other places where UV radiation is applied for disinfection should greatly improve the efficiency of this treatment.

  4. Why is it worth flying at dusk for aquatic insects? Polarotactic water detection is easiest at low solar elevations.

    PubMed

    Bernáth, Balázs; Gál, József; Horváth, Gábor

    2004-02-01

    Using 180 degrees field-of-view imaging polarimetry, we measured the reflection-polarization patterns of two artificial surfaces (water-dummies) in the red, green and blue spectral ranges under clear and partly cloudy skies at different solar elevations. The dummies consisted of a horizontal glass pane with a matt black or matt light grey cloth underneath, imitating a dark or bright water body, respectively. Assuming that polarotactic water insects interpret a surface as representing water if the degree of linear polarization of reflected light is higher than a threshold and the deviation of the direction of polarization from the horizontal is lower than a threshold, we calculated the proportion, P, of the artificial surfaces detected polarotactically as water. We found that at sunrise and sunset P is maximal for both water-dummies and their reflection-polarizational characteristics are most similar. From this, we conclude that polarotactic water detection is easiest at low solar elevations, because the risk that a polarotactic insect will be unable to recognize the surface of a dark or bright water body is minimal. This partly explains why many aquatic insect species usually fly en masse at dusk. The daily change in the reflection-polarization pattern of water surfaces is an important visual ecological factor that may contribute to the preference of the twilight period for habitat searching by polarotactic water insects. Air temperature at sunrise is generally low, so dusk is the optimal period for polarotactic aquatic insects to seek new habitats.

  5. Color Perception of 3D Objects: Constancy with Respect To Variation of Surface Gloss.

    PubMed

    Xiao, Bei; Brainard, David H

    2006-01-01

    What determines the color appearance of real objects viewed under natural conditions? The light reflected from different locations on a single object can vary enormously. This variation is enhanced when the material properties of the object are changed from matte to glossy. Yet humans have no trouble assigning a color name to most things. We studied how people perceive the color of spheres in complex scenes. Observers viewed graphics simulations of a three-dimensional scene containing two spheres, test and match. The observer's task was to adjust the match sphere until its color appearance was the same as that of the test sphere. The match sphere was always matte, and observers varied its color by changing the simulated spectral reflectance function. The surface gloss of the test spheres was varied across conditions. The data show that for fixed test sphere body reflectance, color appearance depends on surface gloss. This effect is small, however, compared to the variation that would be expected if observers simply matched the average of the light reflected from the test.

  6. Local electron heating in nanoscopic conductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    D'Agosta, Roberto; Sai, Na; di Ventra, Massimiliano

    2007-03-01

    The electron current density in nanoscale junctions is typically several orders of magnitude larger than the corresponding one in bulk electrodes. Consequently, the electron-electron scattering rate increases substantially in the junction. This leads to local electron heating of the underlying Fermi sea [1] in analogy to the local ionic heating that is due to the increased electron-phonon scattering rates [2]. By using a novel hydrodynamic formulation of transport [3], we predict the bias dependence of local electron heating in quasi-ballistic nanoscale conductors [1], its effect on ionic heating [1], and the consequent observable changes in the inelastic conductance [4]. [1] R. D'Agosta, N. Sai and M. Di Ventra, accepted in Nano Letters (2006). [2] Y.-C. Chen, M. Zwolak, and M. Di Ventra, Nano Lett. 3, 1961 (2003); Nano Lett. 4, 1709 (2004); Nano Lett. 5, 621 (2005). M. J. Montgomery, T. N. Todorov, and A. P. Sutton, J. Phys. Cond. Matt. 14, 5377 (2002). [3] R. D'Agosta and M. Di Ventra, J. Phys. Cond. Matt. in press. [4] R. D'Agosta and M. Di Ventra, in preparation.

  7. Translucency and the perception of shape.

    PubMed

    Chowdhury, Nahian S; Marlow, Phillip J; Kim, Juno

    2017-03-01

    Previous studies have shown that the perceived three-dimensional (3D) shape of objects depends on their material composition. The majority of this work has focused on glossy, flat-matte, or velvety materials. Here, we studied perceived 3D shape of translucent materials. We manipulated the spatial frequency of surface relief perturbations of translucent and opaque objects. Observers indicated which of two surfaces appeared to have more bumps. They also judged local surface orientation using gauge probe figures. We found that translucent surfaces appeared to have fewer bumps than opaque surfaces with the same 3D shape (Experiment 1), particularly when self-occluding contours were hidden from view (Experiment 2). We also found that perceived local curvature was underestimated for translucent objects relative to opaque objects, and that estimates of perceived local surface orientation were similarly correlated with luminance for images of both opaque and translucent objects (Experiment 3). These findings suggest that the perceived mesoscopic shape of completely matte translucent objects can be underestimated due to a decline in the steepness of luminance gradients relative to those of opaque objects.

  8. The influence of proximal stem geometry and surface finish on the fixation of a double-tapered cemented femoral stem.

    PubMed

    Sangiorgio, Sophia N; Longjohn, Donald B; Dorr, Lawrence D; Ebramzadeh, Edward

    2011-01-04

    In this study, the in vitro fixation of four otherwise identical double-tapered stem-types, varying only in surface finish (polished or matte) and proximal stem geometry (with or without flanges) were compared under two conditions. First, four specimens of each stem type were tested with initially bonded stem-cement interfaces, representing early post-operative conditions. Then, simulating conditions a few weeks to months later, stems were implanted in unused synthetic femurs, with a thin layer coating the stem to prevent stem-cement adhesion. Per-cycle motions were measured at both cement interfaces throughout loading. Overall, surface finish had the smallest relative effect on fixation compared to flanges. Flanges increased axial fixation by 22 μm per-cycle, regardless of surface finish (P=0.01). Further, all stems moved under dynamic load at the stem-cement interface during the first few cycles of loading, even without a thin film. The results indicate that flanges have a greater effect on fixation than surface finish, and therefore adverse findings about matte surfaces should not necessarily apply to all double-tapered stems. Specifically, dorsal flanges enhance the stability of a tapered cemented femoral stem, regardless of surface finish.

  9. Ceramic colorant from untreated iron ore residue.

    PubMed

    Pereira, Oscar Costa; Bernardin, Adriano Michael

    2012-09-30

    This work deals with the development of a ceramic colorant for glazes from an untreated iron ore residue. 6 mass% of the residue was added in suspensions (1.80 g/cm(3) density and 30s viscosity) of white, transparent and matte glazes, which were applied as thin layers (0.5mm) on engobeb and not fired ceramic tiles. The tiles were fired in laboratory roller kiln in a cycle of 35 min and maximum temperatures between 1050 and 1180°C. The residue and glazes were characterized by chemical (XRF) and thermal (DTA and optical dilatometry) analyses, and the glazed tiles by colorimetric and XRD analyses. The results showed that the colorant embedded in the transparent glaze results in a reddish glaze (like pine nut) suitable for the ceramic roof tile industry. For the matte and white glazes, the residue has changed the color of the tiles with temperature. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Investigation of Copper Losses to Synthetic Slag at Different Oxygen Partial Pressures in the Presence of Colemanite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rusen, Aydın; Derin, Bora; Geveci, Ahmet; Topkaya, Yavuz Ali

    2016-09-01

    Copper losses to slag are crucial for copper matte smelting and converting stages. One factor affecting the copper losses to slag during these processes is partial pressure of oxygen. In this study, theoretical and experimental investigations of oxygen partial pressure effect on copper losses to fayalite type slag in the presence of colemanite were investigated. Theoretical considerations include liquidus temperatures and phase diagrams of the fayalite type slag calculated by the FactSage software program. In the experiments, a synthetic matte-slag (SM-SS) was produced by melting certain amounts of reagent grade Fe2O3-SiO2 and metallic Fe as starting materials. Experiments were carried out with SM-SS pair by the addition of calcined colemanite (from 0% to 6%) under various partial pressures of oxygen (10-7, 10-9, 10-11 atm) at 1250°C for 2 h. From the experimental results, it was found that the amount of copper in slag decreased slowly when colemanite was increased under all oxidizing atmospheres. The lowest copper content in synthetic slag was obtained as 0.38% after 6% colemanite addition.

  11. Highlights, disparity, and perceived gloss with convex and concave surfaces.

    PubMed

    Kerrigan, Iona S; Adams, Wendy J

    2013-01-04

    Glossy and matte objects can be differentiated using specular highlights: bright patches in the retinal image produced when light rays are reflected regularly from smooth surfaces. However, bright patches also occur on matte objects, due to local illumination or reflectance changes. Binocular vision provides information that could distinguish specular highlights from other luminance discontinuities; unlike surface markings, specular highlights lie not at the surface depth, but "float" in front of concave surfaces and behind convex ones. We ask whether observers implicitly understand and exploit the peculiarities of specular geometry for gloss and shape perception. Our participants judged the glossiness and shape of curved surfaces that included specular highlights at various depths. Observers demonstrated substantial deviations from a full geometric model of specular reflection. Concave surfaces appeared glossy both when highlights lay in front of and (incorrectly) behind the surface. Failings in the interpretation of monocular highlights were also apparent. Highlight disparity had no effect on shape perception. However, the perceived gloss of convex surfaces did follow geometric constraints: only highlights at appropriate depths produced high gloss ratings. We suggest, in contrast with previous work, that the visual system invokes simple heuristics as gloss indicators to accommodate complex reflections and inter-reflections that occur particularly inside concavities.

  12. TYPE-SPECIFIC PROTECTION AND IMMUNITY FOLLOWING INTRANASAL INOCULATION OF MONKEYS WITH GROUP A HEMOLYTIC STREPTOCOCCI

    PubMed Central

    Watson, Robert F.; Rothbard, Sidney; Swift, Homer F.

    1946-01-01

    1. Nasopharyngeal carrier states of several weeks to several months duration were induced in the Macaca mulatta by the intranasal inoculation with matt strains of group A streptococci. 2. Following such a successful inoculation with a particular type of group A streptococcus, the animal was usually resistant to reimplantation with that same type for several months to a year or more, although reimplantation with a heterologous type could generally be easily effected. 3. This resistance was shown to be closely correlated with the antibodies directed toward the type-specific M antigen, not toward the T antigen of the strains employed. 4. A majority (83.8 per cent) of the animals in which intranasal inoculation was followed by successful implantation developed significant increases in the antistreptolysin O titres of their sera; and in a limited number of instances, type-specific agglutinins and bacteriostatic antibodies were demonstrable in the animals' sera following successful implantation. 5. Nasopharyngeal carrier states could not be induced with the glossy, avirulent variants of group A streptococci; these animals, moreover, failed to show antibody responses and were susceptible to implantation with the matt variants of the homologous glossy strains. 6. The findings are in accord with the known facts regarding immunity to group A streptococci gained through experiments on rodents; and the possible relationship of these observations to the problem of type-specific immunity in human beings is discussed. PMID:19871558

  13. Look but don't touch: Visual cues to surface structure drive somatosensory cortex

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Hua-Chun; Welchman, Andrew E.; Chang, Dorita H.F.; Di Luca, Massimiliano

    2016-01-01

    When planning interactions with nearby objects, our brain uses visual information to estimate shape, material composition, and surface structure before we come into contact with them. Here we analyse brain activations elicited by different types of visual appearance, measuring fMRI responses to objects that are glossy, matte, rough, or textured. In addition to activation in visual areas, we found that fMRI responses are evoked in the secondary somatosensory area (S2) when looking at glossy and rough surfaces. This activity could be reliably discriminated on the basis of tactile-related visual properties (gloss, rough, and matte), but importantly, other visual properties (i.e., coloured texture) did not substantially change fMRI activity. The activity could not be solely due to tactile imagination, as asking explicitly to imagine such surface properties did not lead to the same results. These findings suggest that visual cues to an object's surface properties evoke activity in neural circuits associated with tactile stimulation. This activation may reflect the a-priori probability of the physics of the interaction (i.e., the expectation of upcoming friction) that can be used to plan finger placement and grasp force. PMID:26778128

  14. Look but don't touch: Visual cues to surface structure drive somatosensory cortex.

    PubMed

    Sun, Hua-Chun; Welchman, Andrew E; Chang, Dorita H F; Di Luca, Massimiliano

    2016-03-01

    When planning interactions with nearby objects, our brain uses visual information to estimate shape, material composition, and surface structure before we come into contact with them. Here we analyse brain activations elicited by different types of visual appearance, measuring fMRI responses to objects that are glossy, matte, rough, or textured. In addition to activation in visual areas, we found that fMRI responses are evoked in the secondary somatosensory area (S2) when looking at glossy and rough surfaces. This activity could be reliably discriminated on the basis of tactile-related visual properties (gloss, rough, and matte), but importantly, other visual properties (i.e., coloured texture) did not substantially change fMRI activity. The activity could not be solely due to tactile imagination, as asking explicitly to imagine such surface properties did not lead to the same results. These findings suggest that visual cues to an object's surface properties evoke activity in neural circuits associated with tactile stimulation. This activation may reflect the a-priori probability of the physics of the interaction (i.e., the expectation of upcoming friction) that can be used to plan finger placement and grasp force. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Lulwoana sp., a dark septate endophyte in roots of Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile seagrass.

    PubMed

    Torta, L; Lo Piccolo, S; Piazza, G; Burruano, S; Colombo, P; Ottonello, D; Perrone, R; Di Maida, G; Pirrotta, M; Tomasello, A; Calvo, S

    2015-03-01

    Posidonia oceanica is the most common, widespread and important monocotyledon seagrass in the Mediterranean Basin, and hosts a large biodiversity of species, including microorganisms with key roles in the marine environment. In this study, we ascertain the presence of a fungal endophyte in the roots of P. oceanica growing on different substrata (rock, sand and matte) in two Sicilian marine meadows. Staining techniques on root fragments and sections, in combination with microscope observations, were used to visualise the fungal presence and determine the percentage of fungal colonisation (FC) in this tissue. In root fragments, statistical analysis of the FC showed a higher mean in roots anchored on rock than on matte and sand. In root sections, an inter- and intracellular septate mycelium, producing intracellular microsclerotia, was detected from the rhizodermis to the vascular cylinder. Using isolation techniques, we obtained, from both sampling sites, sterile, slow-growing fungal colonies, dark in colour, with septate mycelium, belonging to the dark septate endophytes (DSEs). DNA sequencing of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region identified these colonies as Lulwoana sp. To our knowledge, this is the first report of Lulwoana sp. as DSE in roots of P. oceanica. Moreover, the highest fungal colonisation, detected in P. oceanica roots growing on rock, suggests that the presence of the DSE may help the host in several ways, particularly in capturing mineral nutrients through lytic activity.

  16. Effect of illuminating and viewing geometry on the color coordinates of samples with various surface textures.

    PubMed

    Billmeyer, F W; Marcus, R T

    1969-04-01

    Color measurements with several different illuminating/viewing geometries were carried out for samples with four different surface textures in four different colors: matte papers, glossy papers, ceramic or porcelain enamel tiles, and polished opaque glasses, with ISCC-NBS color designations moderate pink, pale orange-yellow, dark bluish-green, and dark gray. On a single instrument (Cary 14 spectrophotometer), three geometries were used: normal/diffuse (N/D), diffuse/normal (D/N) and normal/45 degrees (N/45). For comparison, measurements were also made on a GE spectrophotometer (GERS) using near-normal/diffuse geometry. All integrating sphere (diffuse) measurements were made with specular component both included and excluded. Specular gloss and goniophotometric reflectance measurements were made. For these samples, the Cary 14 N/D and GERS results are in good agreement, and the results with N/D and D/N geometries are essentially equivalent, but there is strong evidence of the serious problem of incomplete exclusion of the specular component with all of the integrating sphere geometries when operated in the specular-excluded mode, even with samples normally considered to be highly glossy or highly matte.

  17. Vulnerability of marine habitats to the invasive green alga Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea within a marine protected area.

    PubMed

    Katsanevakis, Stelios; Issaris, Yiannis; Poursanidis, Dimitris; Thessalou-Legaki, Maria

    2010-08-01

    The relative vulnerability of various habitat types to Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea invasion was investigated in the National Marine Park of Zakynthos (Ionian Sea, Greece). The density of C. racemosa fronds was modelled with generalized additive models for location, scale and shape (GAMLSS), based on an information theory approach. The species was present in as much as 33% of 748 randomly placed quadrats, which documents its aggressive establishment in the area. The probability of presence of the alga within randomly placed 20 x 20 cm quadrats was 83% on 'matte morte' (zones of fibrous remnants of a former Posidonia oceanica bed), 69% on rocky bottoms, 86% along the margins of P. oceanica meadows, 10% on sandy/muddy substrates, and 6% within P. oceanica meadows. The high frond density on 'matte morte' and rocky bottoms indicates their high vulnerability. The lowest frond density was observed within P. oceanica meadows. However, on the margins of P. oceanica meadows and within gaps in fragmented meadows relative high C. racemosa densities were observed. Such gaps within meadows represent spots of high vulnerability to C. racemosa invasion.

  18. INTRODUCTION: Focus on Climate Engineering: Intentional Intervention in the Climate System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2009-12-01

    Geoengineering techniques for countering climate change have been receiving much press recently as a `Plan B' if a global deal to tackle climate change is not agreed at the COP15 negotiations in Copenhagen this December. However, the field is controversial as the methods may have unforeseen consequences, potentially making temperatures rise in some regions or reducing rainfall, and many aspects remain under-researched. This focus issue of Environmental Research Letters is a collection of research articles, invited by David Keith, University of Calgary, and Ken Caldeira, Carnegie Institution, that present and evaluate different methods for engineering the Earth's climate. Not only do the letters in this issue highlight various methods of climate engineering but they also detail the arguments for and against climate engineering as a concept. Further reading Focus on Geoengineering at http://environmentalresearchweb.org/cws/subject/tag=geoengineering IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science is an open-access proceedings service available at www.iop.org/EJ/journal/ees Focus on Climate Engineering: Intentional Intervention in the Climate System Contents Modification of cirrus clouds to reduce global warming David L Mitchell and William Finnegan Climate engineering and the risk of rapid climate change Andrew Ross and H Damon Matthews Researching geoengineering: should not or could not? Martin Bunzl Of mongooses and mitigation: ecological analogues to geoengineering H Damon Matthews and Sarah E Turner Toward ethical norms and institutions for climate engineering research David R Morrow, Robert E Kopp and Michael Oppenheimer On the possible use of geoengineering to moderate specific climate change impacts Michael C MacCracken The impact of geoengineering aerosols on stratospheric temperature and ozone P Heckendorn, D Weisenstein, S Fueglistaler, B P Luo, E Rozanov, M Schraner, L W Thomason and T Peter The fate of the Greenland Ice Sheet in a geoengineered

  19. Metal mobilization from metallurgical wastes by soil organic acids.

    PubMed

    Potysz, Anna; Grybos, Malgorzata; Kierczak, Jakub; Guibaud, Gilles; Fondaneche, Patrice; Lens, Piet N L; van Hullebusch, Eric D

    2017-07-01

    Three types of Cu-slags differing in chemical and mineralogical composition (historical, shaft furnace, and granulated slags) and a matte from a lead recovery process were studied with respect to their susceptibility to release Cu, Zn and Pb upon exposure to organic acids commonly encountered in soil environments. Leaching experiments (24-960 h) were conducted with: i) humic acid (20 mg/L) at pH t0 = 4.4, ii) fulvic acid (20 mg/L) at pH t0 = 4.4, iii) an artificial root exudates (ARE) (17.4 g/L) solution at pH t0 = 4.4, iv) ARE solution at pH t0 = 2.9 and v) ultrapure water (pH t0 = 5.6). The results demonstrated that the ARE contribute the most to the mobilization of metals from all the wastes analyzed, regardless of the initial pH of the solution. For example, up to 14%, 30%, 24% and 5% of Cu is released within 960 h from historical, shaft furnace, granulated slags and lead matte, respectively, when exposed to the artificial root exudates solution (pH 2.9). Humic and fulvic acids were found to have a higher impact on granulated and shaft furnace slags as compared to the ultrapure water control and increased the release of metals by a factor up to 37.5 (Pb) and 20.5 (Cu) for granulated and shaft furnace slags, respectively. Humic and fulvic acids amplified the mobilization of metals by a maximal factor of 13.6 (Pb) and 12.1 (Pb) for historical slag and lead matte, respectively. The studied organic compounds contributed to different release rates of metallic contaminants from individual metallurgical wastes under the conditions tested. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Much damage for little advantage: Field studies and morphodynamic modelling highlight the environmental impact of an apparently minor coastal mismanagement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lasagna, Roberta; Montefalcone, Monica; Albertelli, Giancarlo; Corradi, Nicola; Ferrari, Marco; Morri, Carla; Bianchi, Carlo Nike

    2011-09-01

    While coastal management activities have long been known to exert a strong influence on the health of marine ecosystems, neither scientists nor administrators have realized that small interventions may lead to disproportionately larger impacts. This study investigated the broad and long-lasting environmental consequences of the construction of an ill-planned, although small (only 12 m long) jetty for pleasure crafts on the hydrodynamic conditions and on the meadow of the seagrass Posidonia oceanica of an embayed cove in the Ligurian Sea (NW Mediterranean). There, P. oceanica used to develop on a high (>1.5 m) matte (a lignified terrace causing seafloor elevation) in which the leaves reach the surface and form a compact natural barrier to waves in front of the beach. Such a so-called 'fringing reef' of P. oceanica is today recognized of high ecological value and specific conservation efforts are required. The construction of the jetty implied the cutting of the matte, which directly destroyed part of the fringing reef. In addition, meadow mapping and sedimentological analyses coupled with morphodynamic modelling showed that the ecosystem of the whole cove had been greatly altered by the jetty. We used the geometric planform approach, a proper tool in the study of headland-controlled embayment, both to characterise the present situation of Prelo cove and to simulate the original one, before the jetty was built. In the long term, such a small jetty completely altered the configuration and the hydrodynamic conditions of the whole cove, splitting the original pocket beach into two smaller ones and creating strong rip-currents flowing seaward along the jetty. These rip-currents enhanced erosion of residual shallow portions of the meadow and further modified the sedimentary fluxes in shallow waters. A century after the construction of the jetty, an irreversible environmental damage has occurred, as the slow growing rate of P. oceanica implies that the high matte terrace

  1. Bedrock geologic and joint trend map of the Pinardville quadrangle, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Burton, William C.; Armstrong, Thomas R.

    2013-01-01

    The bedrock geology of the Pinardville quadrangle includes the Massabesic Gneiss Complex, exposed in the core of a regional northeast-trending anticlinorium, and highly deformed metasedimentary rocks of the Rangeley Formation, exposed along the northwest limb of the anticlinorium. Both formations were subjected to high-grade metamorphism and partial melting: the Rangeley during the middle Paleozoic Acadian orogeny, and the Massabesic Gneiss Complex during both the Acadian and the late Paleozoic Alleghanian orogeny. Granitoids produced during these orogenies range in age from Devonian (Spaulding Tonalite) to Permian (granite at Damon Pond), each with associated pegmatite. In the latest Paleozoic the Massabesic Gneiss Complex was uplifted with respect to the Rangeley Formation along the ductile Powder Hill fault, which also had a left-lateral component. Uplift continued into the early Mesozoic, producing the 2-kilometer-wide Campbell Hill fault zone, which is marked by northwest-dipping normal faults and dilational map-scale quartz bodies. Rare, undeformed Jurassic diabase dikes cut all older lithologies and structures. A second map is a compilation of joint orientations measured at all outcrops in the quadrangle. There is a great diversity of strike trends, with northeast perhaps being the most predominant.

  2. Frictional force released during sliding mechanics in nonconventional elastomerics and self-ligation: An in vitro comparative study

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Davender; Dua, Vinay; Mangla, Rajat; Solanki, Ravinder; Solanki, Monika; Sharma, Rekha

    2016-01-01

    Aim and Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the frictional forces generated by five different orthodontic brackets when used in combination with stainless steel (SS), titanium molybdenum alloy (TMA), and nickel-titanium (NiTi) archwires in dry conditions at physiological temperature. Materials and Methods: Five different types of maxillary upper right side self-ligating brackets (SLBs) (Damon 3MX, Smart Clip and Carriere LX) and conventional SS brackets (Mini 2000, Optimum Series and Victory Series) with a slot size 0.022 inch were coupled with 0.016” NiTi and 0.019 × 0.025” SS/titanium molybdenum alloy (TMA) archwires. Tests were carried out for each group of the bracket-wire combination at physiological temperature and in the dry state. Frictional forces were measured by Instron universal testing machine. Results: SLB showed lower fictional values in comparison with elastic ligatures. Frictional force increased proportionally to the wire size; TMA and NiTi archwires presented higher frictional resistance than SS archwires. Conclusion: SS brackets tied with conventional ligatures produced high and low friction when ligated with SLBs with passive clip. PMID:27433047

  3. Friction forces during sliding of various brackets for malaligned teeth: an in vitro study.

    PubMed

    Crincoli, Vito; Perillo, Letizia; Di Bisceglie, Maria Beatrice; Balsamo, Antonio; Serpico, Vitaliano; Chiatante, Francesco; Pappalettere, Carmine; Boccaccio, Antonio

    2013-01-01

    To measure the friction force generated during sliding mechanics with conventional, self-ligating (Damon 3 mx, Smart Clip, and Time 3) and low-friction (Synergy) brackets using different archwire diameters and ligating systems in the presence of apical and buccal malalignments of the canine. An experimental setup reproducing the right buccal segment of the maxillary arch was designed to measure the friction force generated at the bracket/wire and wire/ligature interfaces of different brackets. A complete factorial plan was drawn up and a three-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was carried out to investigate whether the following factors affect the values of friction force: (i) degree of malalignment, (ii) diameter of the orthodontic wire, and (iii) bracket/ligature combination. Tukey post hoc test was also conducted to evaluate any statistically significant differences between the bracket/ligature combinations analyzed. ANOVA showed that all the above factors affect the friction force values. The friction force released during sliding mechanics with conventional brackets is about 5-6times higher than that released with the other investigated brackets. A quasilinear increase of the frictional forces was observed for increasing amounts of apical and buccal malalignments. The Synergy bracket with silicone ligature placed around the inner tie-wings appears to yield the best performance.

  4. Friction Forces during Sliding of Various Brackets for Malaligned Teeth: An In Vitro Study

    PubMed Central

    Crincoli, Vito; Di Bisceglie, Maria Beatrice; Balsamo, Antonio; Serpico, Vitaliano; Chiatante, Francesco; Pappalettere, Carmine; Boccaccio, Antonio

    2013-01-01

    Aims. To measure the friction force generated during sliding mechanics with conventional, self-ligating (Damon 3 mx, Smart Clip, and Time 3) and low-friction (Synergy) brackets using different archwire diameters and ligating systems in the presence of apical and buccal malalignments of the canine. Methods. An experimental setup reproducing the right buccal segment of the maxillary arch was designed to measure the friction force generated at the bracket/wire and wire/ligature interfaces of different brackets. A complete factorial plan was drawn up and a three-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was carried out to investigate whether the following factors affect the values of friction force: (i) degree of malalignment, (ii) diameter of the orthodontic wire, and (iii) bracket/ligature combination. Tukey post hoc test was also conducted to evaluate any statistically significant differences between the bracket/ligature combinations analyzed. Results. ANOVA showed that all the above factors affect the friction force values. The friction force released during sliding mechanics with conventional brackets is about 5-6times higher than that released with the other investigated brackets. A quasilinear increase of the frictional forces was observed for increasing amounts of apical and buccal malalignments. Conclusion. The Synergy bracket with silicone ligature placed around the inner tie-wings appears to yield the best performance. PMID:23533364

  5. Role of lubricants on friction between self-ligating brackets and archwires.

    PubMed

    Leal, Renata C; Amaral, Flávia L B; França, Fabiana M G; Basting, Roberta T; Turssi, Cecilia P

    2014-11-01

    To evaluate the effect of different lubricants on friction between orthodontic brackets and archwires. Active (Quick, Forestadent) and passive (Damon 3MX, Ormco) self-ligating brackets underwent friction tests in the presence of mucin- and carboxymethylcellulose (CMC)-based artificial saliva, distilled water, and whole human saliva (positive control). Dry friction (no lubricant) was used as the negative control. Bracket/wire samples (0.014 × 0.025 inch, CuNiTi, SDS Ormco) underwent friction tests eight times in a universal testing machine. Two-way analysis of variance showed no significant interaction between bracket type and lubricant (P  =  .324). Friction force obtained with passive self-ligating brackets was lower than that for active brackets (P < .001). Friction observed in the presence of artificial saliva did not differ from that generated under lubrication with natural human saliva, as shown by Tukey test. Higher friction forces were found with the use of distilled water or when the test was performed under dry condition (ie, with no lubricant). Lubrication plays a role in friction forces between self-ligating brackets and CuNiTi wires, with mucin- and CMC-based artificial saliva providing a reliable alternative to human natural saliva.

  6. Ultrastructural effect of self-ligating bracket materials on stainless steel and superelastic NiTi wire surfaces.

    PubMed

    Choi, Samjin; Lee, Sunghoon; Cheong, Youjin; Park, Ki-Ho; Park, Hun-Kuk; Park, Young-Guk

    2012-08-01

    Frictional interactions between wires and brackets reduce the efficacy in orthodontic treatments. Self-ligating brackets (SLBs) are now more often used due to lower frictional forces when compared with conventional-ligating brackets. In this study, scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy were used to examine the microstructural effects of stainless steel and ceramic SLBs on the surface roughness of stainless steel and superelastic NiTi wires both after in vivo clinical orthodontic treatment as well as in in vitro three-point bending experiments. A combination of two wires-0.019 in. × 0.025 in. stainless steel wires and 0.016 in. superelastic NiTi wires-and two SLBs-both passive-type stainless steel SLBs and active-type ceramic SLBs-was applied for 4 months (bicuspid-extraction) in an in vivo setting and for 1 month in an in vitro setting (200 g loads). After the SLB treatments, all wires exhibited severe scratches secondary to frictional interactions with the brackets. When used with the stainless steel SLBs (Damon 3MX®), the surfaces of 0.019 in. × 0.025 in. stainless steel (P < 0.0001) and 0.016 in. superelastic NiTi wires (P < 0.05) were significantly smoother than when used with the ceramic SLBs (Clippy-C®). Such results suggest that orthodontic treatments with stainless steel SLBs are more effective than with ceramic SLBs.

  7. Three-dimensional deformation of orthodontic brackets

    PubMed Central

    Melenka, Garrett W; Nobes, David S; Major, Paul W

    2013-01-01

    Braces are used by orthodontists to correct the misalignment of teeth in the mouth. Archwire rotation is a particular procedure used to correct tooth inclination. Wire rotation can result in deformation to the orthodontic brackets, and an orthodontic torque simulator has been designed to examine this wire–bracket interaction. An optical technique has been employed to measure the deformation due to size and geometric constraints of the orthodontic brackets. Images of orthodontic brackets are collected using a stereo microscope and two charge-coupled device cameras, and deformation of orthodontic brackets is measured using a three-dimensional digital image correlation technique. The three-dimensional deformation of orthodontic brackets will be evaluated. The repeatability of the three-dimensional digital image correlation measurement method was evaluated by performing 30 archwire rotation tests using the same bracket and archwire. Finally, five Damon 3MX and five In-Ovation R self-ligating brackets will be compared using this technique to demonstrate the effect of archwire rotation on bracket design. PMID:23762201

  8. Effects of heat inactivation on HIV antibody screening and confirmatory test systems.

    PubMed

    Fipps, D R; Damato, J J; Burke, D S

    1988-06-01

    In order to evaluate the effect of heat inactivation on serum undergoing testing for HIV antibody, 100 heat-inactivated and nonheat-inactivated serum samples were tested by two modifications of Abbott's screening assays for human T-cell lymphotropic virus type-III (lot numbers 1037 and 3036) and by two confirmatory assays (Cambridge BioScience CBre3-EIA; Damon Corporation Western blot). The samples consisted of 75 HIV antibody-negative and 25 HIV antibody-positive sera. The specimens were divided into two equal aliquots. One set was not subjected to heat inactivation, while the others were subjected to heat inactivation at 56 degrees C for 30 min. Heat inactivation had no significant effect on the HIV-position sera; however, heat-inactivated, negative sera evaluated by Abbott lot numbers 1037 and 3036 resulted in false-positive rates of 8% and 7%, respectively. No false positives were generated by the two confirmatory assays; however, the CBre3-EIA recombinant envelope protein assay had a significantly increased optical density reading following heat inactivation of the negative sera. The Western blot procedure used in the study was not affected by heat inactivation.

  9. Electron microscopy analysis of different orthodontic brackets and their adhesion to the tooth enamel.

    PubMed

    Ciocan, Delia Ioana; Stanciu, Dragoş; Popescu, Manuela Anca; Miculescu, Florin; Plotog, Ioan; Vărzaru, Gaudenţiu; Ciocan, Lucian Toma

    2014-01-01

    This study proposed to evaluate the surface morphology of different types of orthodontic brackets and the characteristics of their adhesion to the tooth enamel. There have been taken into study six metallic, five ceramic and one polymeric bracket from different brands (Ormco, Lancer, Leone, Damon, 3M, Ultradent, American Orthodontics, Rocky Mountain). The surface base of the each bracket it have been ESEM analyzed using scanning electron microscope Phillips XL-30 ESEM. There have been investigated several parameters that have a potential influence of the bracket-bonding agent interface joint: chemical composition, roughness, surface morphology and wideness. After ESEM analysis, the same metallic and ceramic brackets have been afterwards collated on extracted teeth and subjected to mechanical tests. After the mechanical testing, the samples were once again ESEM investigated. All fractures occurred in the area of the adhesive system, recording adhesive fractures of the tooth-composite resin and composite-bracket, cohesive fractures and both. The metallic brackets surfaces that are optima for a good adhesion is that of a mesh sand blasted and acid etched. From the esthetic brackets, the ceramic ones are superior to polymeric ones regarding bonding to teeth.

  10. Red Light Curve of MWC349 in the Years 1967-1981: Possible Periodicity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jorgenson, Regina A.; Kogan, Leonid R.; Strelnitski, Vladimir

    2000-06-01

    The results of a red photographic photometry of the variable masing star MWC 349 are presented for 14 years, 1967-1981. Fourteen plates from the Harvard Damon collection were selected for the photometry. The plates were measured with the Cuffey iris photometer of the Maria Mitchell Observatory and were calibrated with the aid of two standard stars, both brighter than MWC 349. The magnitude of MWC 349 was then determined by extrapolation, assuming that the star is on the linear part of the calibration curve. In spite of larger errors, our results are in good agreement with one photoelectric observation made during the period covered. The obtained red light curve is indicative of periodic light variations. A combined Fourier-least-squares analysis gives a probable period of T=9.1+/-0.3 yr. The deduced period and phase of variations are not incompatible with the subsequent photoelectric photometry of Bergner et al. Possible mechanisms responsible for the periodic light variations are briefly discussed.

  11. Predicting Solar Cycle 24 and beyond

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clilverd, Mark A.; Clarke, Ellen; Ulich, Thomas; Rishbeth, Henry; Jarvis, Martin J.

    2006-09-01

    We use a model for sunspot number using low-frequency solar oscillations, with periods 22, 53, 88, 106, 213, and 420 years modulating the 11-year Schwabe cycle, to predict the peak sunspot number of cycle 24 and for future cycles, including the period around 2100 A.D. We extend the earlier work of Damon and Jirikowic (1992) by adding a further long-period component of 420 years. Typically, the standard deviation between the model and the peak sunspot number in each solar cycle from 1750 to 1970 is +/-34. The peak sunspot prediction for cycles 21, 22, and 23 agree with the observed sunspot activity levels within the error estimate. Our peak sunspot prediction for cycle 24 is significantly smaller than cycle 23, with peak sunspot numbers predicted to be 42 +/- 34. These predictions suggest that a period of quiet solar activity is expected, lasting until ~2030, with less disruption to satellite orbits, satellite lifetimes, and power distribution grids and lower risk of spacecraft failures and radiation dose to astronauts. Our model also predicts a recovery during the middle of the century to more typical solar activity cycles with peak sunspot numbers around 120. Eventually, the superposition of the minimum phase of the 105- and 420-year cycles just after 2100 leads to another period of significantly quieter solar conditions. This lends some support to the prediction of low solar activity in 2100 made by Clilverd et al. (2003).

  12. Magnetic properties of uniaxial synthetic antiferromagnets for spin-valve applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Zhiya; Mani, P.; Mankey, G. J.; Gubbiotti, G.; Tacchi, S.; Spizzo, F.; Lee, W.-T.; Yu, C. T.; Pechan, M. J.

    2005-03-01

    The magnetic properties of synthetic antiferromagnetic Si(100)/Ta(5nm)/Co(t1)/Ru(0.65nm)/Co(t2)/Ta(10nm) with an obliquely sputtered Ta underlayer are reported as a function of the top Co layer thickness, t2 . The morphological origin of the large in-plane magnetic anisotropy created by the obliquely sputtered Ta underlayer is revealed by atomic force microscopy. The magnetic anisotropy of the base Co layer is determined by measuring the dispersion of the Damon-Eshbach spin-wave mode with Brillouin light scattering. Ferromagnetic resonance measurements and hysteresis loops reveal that both the anisotropy and the saturation field of the trilayer system decrease with increasing top Co layer thickness. The dependence of the saturation field on layer thickness is fitted to an energy minimization equation that contains both bilinear and biquadratic exchange coupling constants. Magnetoresistance and polarized neutron reflectometry results both confirm that the magnetic reversal process of the system is through magnetic domain formation followed by rotation.

  13. Coated Rectangular Composite Archwires: A Comparison Of Self-Ligating And Conventional Bracket Systems During Sliding Mechanics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Woods, David Keith

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the resistance to sliding of coated rectangular fiber reinforced composite archwires using various brackets systems and second-order bracket angulations. Resistance to sliding was investigated for eight bracket systems: six self-ligating brackets (four passive and two passive-active) and two conventional brackets. A rectangular fiber reinforced composite archwire of 0.019 x 0.025-in dimension from BiomersRTM SimpliClear was drawn through a three-bracket model system at ten millimeters per minute for 2.5 millimeters. For each bracket, the resistance to sliding was measured at four bracket angulations (0°, 2.5°, 5°, and 10°) in a dry state at room temperature. The fiber reinforced composite archwire produced the lowest sliding resistance with the passive self-ligating bracket system (Damon DQ) at each bracket angulation tested. Overall, self-ligating bracket systems generated lower sliding resistance than conventionally ligated systems, and one passive/active self-ligating bracket system (In-Ovation-R). There was a significant increase in resistance to sliding as bracket angulation increased for all bracket systems tested. Microscopic analysis revealed increased perforation of the archwire coating material as bracket angulations were increased. Our findings show that the rectangular fiber reinforced composite archwire may be acceptable for sliding mechanics during the intermediate stages of orthodontic tooth movement, however more long-term studies are needed.

  14. Investigation of the unidirectional spin heat conveyer effect in a 200 nm thin Yttrium Iron Garnet film

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wid, Olga; Bauer, Jan; Müller, Alexander; Breitenstein, Otwin; Parkin, Stuart S. P.; Schmidt, Georg

    2016-06-01

    We have investigated the unidirectional spin wave heat conveyer effect in sub-micron thick yttrium iron garnet (YIG) films using lock-in thermography (LIT). Although the effect is small in thin layers this technique allows us to observe asymmetric heat transport by magnons which leads to asymmetric temperature profiles differing by several mK on both sides of the exciting antenna, respectively. Comparison of Damon-Eshbach and backward volume modes shows that the unidirectional heat flow is indeed due to non-reciprocal spin-waves. Because of the finite linewidth, small asymmetries can still be observed when only the uniform mode of ferromagnetic resonance is excited. The latter is of extreme importance for example when measuring the inverse spin-Hall effect because the temperature differences can result in thermovoltages at the contacts. Because of the non-reciprocity these thermovoltages reverse their sign with a reversal of the magnetic field which is typically deemed the signature of the inverse spin-Hall voltage.

  15. Impact of eddy currents on the dispersion relation of surface spin waves in thin conducting magnetic films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maksymov, I. S.; Kostylev, M.

    2013-12-01

    We propose a rigorous solution to a long-standing problem of the impact of eddy currents on the dispersion relation of surface spin waves propagating in thin conducting magnetic films. Our results confirm the prediction of the Almeida-Mill's exchange-free theory that the inclusion of the eddy-current contribution results in a deviation of the dispersion curve for the fundamental mode from the Damon-Eshbach law and a substantial linewidth broadening in a large wave vector range. We show that the decrease in the spin-wave frequency is due to an increase in the in-plane component of the dynamic magnetic field within the conducting film. The decrease in the frequency is accompanied by a drastic change in the asymmetry of the modal profiles for the waves. This effect is not observable in magneto-insulating films and therefore it is unambiguously attributed to eddy currents that appear in conducting films only. We also show that the wave vector range in which eddy currents affect the dispersion curve is strongly correlated with the value of the film conductivity. This result holds for conducting films with the thickness 10-100 nm, which are considered promising for future magnonic and spintronic applications.

  16. Imaging of quantized magnetostatic modes using spatially resolved ferromagnetic resonance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tamaru, S.; Bain, J. A.; van de Veerdonk, R. J. M.; Crawford, T. M.; Covington, M.; Kryder, M. H.

    2002-05-01

    We present a measurement technique for performing spatially resolved ferromagnetic resonance and directly imaging quantized magnetostatic modes in magnetic samples that undergo high frequency magnetic drive fields (up to 8 GHz). The dynamic response of a 50×50 μm2 permalloy structure (100 nm thick) under a 7.04 GHz highly nonuniform drive field was measured as a function of the dc bias field using this technique. The magnetization variation observed indicates that quantized magnetostatic mode waves appear at certain bias fields, with the number of nodes decreasing with an increase in the bias field. We tentatively assign the indices of each mode using the Damon-Eshbach (DE) model. Similar modes have been observed for a similar sample geometry using an inductive measurement and they showed good agreement with the DE model. However, the result measured using this technique showed some discrepancy with the DE model and the spatial patterns observed are more complicated than simple one-dimensional standing waves. This complexity suggests that analysis beyond that of the DE model is required to explain the observations.

  17. Brillouin light scattering in ferromagnetic single layers: hysteresis loop and backward geometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Djemia, P.; Roussigné, Y.; Chérif, S.-M.; Billet, D.; Stashkevich, A.; Moch, P.

    2006-09-01

    We present a Brillouin light scattering study of a thick ferromagnetic single layer Ni80Fe20 (44 nm) film, using two different geometrical setup: (i) the so-called Damon-Eschbach (DE) geometry where the in-plane wave vector Q// of the studied spin wave is perpendicular to the external magnetic field H and (ii) the backward geometry (BW) where it is parallel to H (Q// and H lie in the film plane). An in-plane uniaxial anisotropy that do not exceed 100 Oe is evidenced through the analysis of the variations of DE mode frequency and of the Stokes/anti-Stokes dissymmetry versus H. The experimental magnetic Brillouin spectra showing the presence of dipolar and exchange standing spin waves are well reproduced for both geometries by our calculations of the scattered intensity using the following magnetic parameters: 4πM = 9400 G; g = 2.13; A = 0.93 10-6 erg.cm-1 for different values of the magnetic field H and of the in-plane wave vector amplitude Q //.

  18. Dynamic contributions to the anisotropy of thin NiFe films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schneider, Michael; Lopusnik, Radek; Kos, Anthony; Silva, Thomas

    2004-03-01

    We have characterized the effect of waveguide width for Pulsed Inductive Microwave Magnetometer measurements. NiFe films of thickness < 100 nm are excited with step pulses delivered by coplanar waveguides. Waveguides that are narrower than the studied samples cause a shift in the gyromagnetic precession frequency that can be partially accounted for by an additional induced magnetic dipole field term in the Kittel equation. Theory and data confirm that the induced dipole term is a function of the ratio of sample thickness to waveguide width. The theory assumes that the field profile of the waveguide excitation couples to a distribution of Damon-Eshbach magnetostatic modes. The average effect of the mode distribution is to increase the resonance frequency relative to the FMR frequency. We find that there are three contributions to the anisotropy in thin Permalloy films: (1) the induced anisotropy, (2) the dipolar contribution , and (3) a rotatable anisotropy that is independent of sample orientation or waveguide width. We speculate on the origin of the rotatable contribution.

  19. Intrinsic and non-local Gilbert damping in polycrystalline nickel studied by Ti : sapphire laser fs spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walowski, J.; Djordjevic Kaufmann, M.; Lenk, B.; Hamann, C.; McCord, J.; Münzenberg, M.

    2008-08-01

    The use of femtosecond laser pulses generated by a Ti : sapphire laser system allows us to gain an insight into the magnetization dynamics on time scales from sub-picosecond up to 1 ns directly in the time domain. This experimental technique is used to excite a polycrystalline nickel (Ni) film optically and probe the dynamics afterwards. Different spin-wave modes (the Kittel mode, perpendicular standing spin-wave modes and dipolar spin-wave modes (Damon-Eshbach modes)) are identified as the Ni thickness is increased. The Kittel mode allows determination of the Gilbert damping parameter α extracted from the magnetization relaxation time τα. The non-local damping by spin currents emitted into a non-magnetic metallic layer of vanadium (V), palladium (Pd) and the rare earth dysprosium (Dy) are studied for wedge-shaped Ni films of 1-30 nm. The damping parameter increases from α = 0.045 intrinsic for nickel to α > 0.10 for the heavy materials, such as Pd and Dy, for the thinnest Ni films below 10 nm thickness. Also, for the thinnest reference Ni film thickness, an increased magnetic damping below 4 nm is observed. The origin of this increase is discussed within the framework of line broadening by locally different precessional frequencies within the laser spot region.

  20. Direct Observation of Interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction from Asymmetric Spin-wave Propagation in W/CoFeB/SiO2 Heterostructures Down to Sub-nanometer CoFeB Thickness

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chaurasiya, Avinash Kumar; Banerjee, Chandrima; Pan, Santanu; Sahoo, Sourav; Choudhury, Samiran; Sinha, Jaivardhan; Barman, Anjan

    2016-09-01

    Interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (IDMI) is important for its roles in stabilizing the skyrmionic lattice as well as soliton-like domain wall motion leading towards new generation spintronic devices. However, achievement and detection of IDMI is often hindered by various spurious effects. Here, we demonstrate the occurrence of IDMI originating primarily from W/CoFeB interface in technologically important W/CoFeB/SiO2 heterostructures using Brillouin light scattering technique. Due to the presence of IDMI, we observe asymmetry in the peak frequency and linewidth of the spin-wave spectra in the Damon-Eshbach (DE) geometry at finite k wave-vectors. The DMI constant is found to scale as the inverse of CoFeB thickness, over the whole studied thickness range, confirming the presence of IDMI in our system without any extrinsic effects. Importantly, the W/CoFeB interface shows no degradation down to sub-nanometer CoFeB thickness, which would be useful for devices that aim to use pronounced interface effects.