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Sample records for microcomputer database management

  1. Microcomputer Database Management Systems for Bibliographic Data.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pollard, Richard

    1986-01-01

    Discusses criteria for evaluating microcomputer database management systems (DBMS) used for storage and retrieval of bibliographic data. Two popular types of microcomputer DBMS--file management systems and relational database management systems--are evaluated with respect to these criteria. (Author/MBR)

  2. Implementing a Microcomputer Database Management System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manock, John J.; Crater, K. Lynne

    1985-01-01

    Current issues in selecting, structuring, and implementing microcomputer database management systems in research administration offices are discussed, and their capabilities are illustrated with the system used by the University of North Carolina at Wilmington. Trends in microcomputer technology and their likely impact on research administration…

  3. Implementing a Microcomputer Database Management System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manock, John J.; Crater, K. Lynne

    1985-01-01

    Current issues in selecting, structuring, and implementing microcomputer database management systems in research administration offices are discussed, and their capabilities are illustrated with the system used by the University of North Carolina at Wilmington. Trends in microcomputer technology and their likely impact on research administration…

  4. Producing an Index with Your Microcomputer Database Manager.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jonassen, David

    1985-01-01

    Describes a procedure for using commonly available database management systems to produce indexes on microcomputers. Production steps discussed include creation of the database, data entry, database sort, formatting, and editing. (Author/MBR)

  5. Authority Files for Microcomputer Databases.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brandt, Scott

    1988-01-01

    Examines the function of an authority file and the application of authority control to microcomputer-based library databases. Capabilities of relational database management systems which allow for an authority control system on the microcomputer level are noted. (10 references) (MES)

  6. A Method to Calculate and Analyze Residents' Evaluations by Using a Microcomputer Data-Base Management System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mills, Myron L.

    1988-01-01

    A system developed for more efficient evaluation of graduate medical students' progress uses numerical scoring and a microcomputer database management system as an alternative to manual methods to produce accurate, objective, and meaningful summaries of resident evaluations. (Author/MSE)

  7. Experience with a Commercial Microcomputer Database Management System

    PubMed Central

    Covvey, H.D.; Craven, N.H.; Colman, F.

    1984-01-01

    The designer of an applications system to support a medical database must review a large number of potential packages on which to base his or her work. The number of packages, and their widely differing functional capabilities, costs and performance characteristics make the selection process difficult. Having selected any product, limitations must be faced and some of these will only be found after selection. While recognizing that using such packages is superior to developing one de novo, not realizing the problems and limitations can lead to disappointment, delays and even project failure.

  8. Database Management for Item Banking and Test Development: An Application of dBase II for the Microcomputer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowers, John J.

    The background and results of an effort to use dBASE II, a microcomputer database management package, to establish, maintain, and update an item bank useful in a complex test development process are presented. The paper explores some of the perspectives and considerations in designing such a database which make the test development process easier,…

  9. Database Management for Item Banking and Test Development: An Application of dBase II for the Microcomputer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowers, John J.

    The background and results of an effort to use dBASE II, a microcomputer database management package, to establish, maintain, and update an item bank useful in a complex test development process are presented. The paper explores some of the perspectives and considerations in designing such a database which make the test development process easier,…

  10. Microcomputer-assisted filing system of cardiac catheterization records using a relational database management system.

    PubMed

    Mohri, M; Kikuchi, Y; Sagara, T; Sugihara, M

    1988-03-01

    To efficiently store and retrieve cardiac catheterization records, we have developed a computer-assisted database, which comprises a 16-bit microcomputer with dual floppy disk drives, a 20 MB random-access memory, hard disk drive, and a line printer. All programmings were accomplished using a relational database management system (R:base 5000, Microrim, Inc.). Data inquiry procedures could be performed with direct operational commands of the system as well as with preprogrammed command files, and final results of searches were printed out with a line printer. The major advantages of the present system described in this report include: (1) the relatively easy and rapid creation of the database, (2) ease of modification of the database structures even after the system design is finished, (3) operational commands in combination with conditional operator(s) are flexible and powerful enough to allow the end user to retrieve data based on various kinds of criteria, (4) a high-level programming language provided by the R:base automates a series of database procedures with relative ease, (5) relational capabilities of the database management system can enhance the possibility of reconstruction of a new data file from a single or several preexisting data files, and (6) the system can be realized at reasonable cost.

  11. Selecting Data-Base Management Software for Microcomputers in Libraries and Information Units.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pieska, K. A. O.

    1986-01-01

    Presents a model for the evaluation of database management systems software from the viewpoint of librarians and information specialists. The properties of data management systems, database management systems, and text retrieval systems are outlined and compared. (10 references) (CLB)

  12. Microcomputers: Data Base Management Software. Evaluation Guide Number 7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Peter J.

    This manual on microcomputer-based database management programs provides a description of the key characteristics of database software as well as guidelines for designing a database, uses of database programs, and selecting the right software. Three sets of concepts related to database management are listed and explained: creating a database,…

  13. Database Management System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    In 1981 Wayne Erickson founded Microrim, Inc, a company originally focused on marketing a microcomputer version of RIM (Relational Information Manager). Dennis Comfort joined the firm and is now vice president, development. The team developed an advanced spinoff from the NASA system they had originally created, a microcomputer database management system known as R:BASE 4000. Microrim added many enhancements and developed a series of R:BASE products for various environments. R:BASE is now the second largest selling line of microcomputer database management software in the world.

  14. An Introduction to Database Management Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warden, William H., III; Warden, Bette M.

    1984-01-01

    Description of database management systems for microcomputers highlights system features and factors to consider in microcomputer system selection. A method for ranking database management systems is explained and applied to a defined need, i.e., software support for indexing a weekly newspaper. A glossary of terms and 32-item bibliography are…

  15. Developing a Library Microcomputing Profile: 101 Spectra to Be Used in Analysis by Microcomputer Managers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grass, Charlene

    1991-01-01

    Presents 101 variables for use in developing a microcomputing profile and determining the type of microcomputing management appropriate for a library. Variables are presented in 16 categories, including the larger institutional, library, and financial profiles; administration's stance on microcomputing; user profiles; training and support for…

  16. Developing pharmacy applications using a microcomputer relational database in a long-term care psychiatric hospital.

    PubMed

    Salek, W

    1989-03-01

    The database applications developed with a microcomputer for a 1000 bed long-term care forensic psychiatric care hospital are described. The implementation of a microcomputer system was instituted as an interim measure prior to the development of a hospital wide minicomputer system. Primary emphasis was placed on increasing the efficiency of professional staff while enhancing clinical therapeutic monitoring. The system operates on an IBM-AT with 30 megabyte hard disk drive and an Epson FX-100 dot matrix printer. A relational database manager, Team-Up, was utilized in the development of applications that included census maintenance, scheduled drug inventory, drug regimen review, drug utilization protocols and a skilled nursing unit dose patient profile. Other ancillary functions included generation of stock labels, a literature abstract database and an on-line policy and procedure manual. Advantages of the system include an increase in staff productivity through the use of information that is readily attainable from the patient database. Possible disadvantages are the programming and hardware limitations imposed by a microcomputer system. Long term care psychiatric facilities may be able to enhance staff efficiency by computerizing existing manual systems. Because of the diverse and specialized requirements of long term care facilities, a microcomputer used in conjunction with a programmable relational database can be easily customized to fulfill this need.

  17. Managing Microcomputer Technology as an Organizational Resource.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khosrowpour, Mehdi; Amoroso, Donald

    With the realization that microcomputers provide an extraordinary value to the organization follows the need to address a variety of issues in order to more effectively manage these resources. Each of the 14 chapters, consisting of papers written by different authors, represents a different perspective existing in organizations with respect to the…

  18. Managing Microcomputer Technology as an Organizational Resource.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khosrowpour, Mehdi; Amoroso, Donald

    With the realization that microcomputers provide an extraordinary value to the organization follows the need to address a variety of issues in order to more effectively manage these resources. Each of the 14 chapters, consisting of papers written by different authors, represents a different perspective existing in organizations with respect to the…

  19. Database Manager

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Andrew

    2010-01-01

    It is normal practice today for organizations to store large quantities of records of related information as computer-based files or databases. Purposeful information is retrieved by performing queries on the data sets. The purpose of DATABASE MANAGER is to communicate to students the method by which the computer performs these queries. This…

  20. Database Manager

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Andrew

    2010-01-01

    It is normal practice today for organizations to store large quantities of records of related information as computer-based files or databases. Purposeful information is retrieved by performing queries on the data sets. The purpose of DATABASE MANAGER is to communicate to students the method by which the computer performs these queries. This…

  1. Educational Management through Microcomputer Software.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gander, Sharon L.

    In order to determine whether business software packages (word processing, financial management, data management, graphics, statistical, or multi-functional integrated software packages with business applications) are effective tools for public service professionals (educators and government workers) when applied directly to individuals' daily…

  2. Management Applications of the Microcomputer: Promises and Pitfall.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haugo, John E.

    1981-01-01

    Examines the advantages and disadvantages of using microcomputers in educational management, for instance in handling financial, personnel, or student data. Draws on a study by the Minnesota Educational Computing Consortium, to compare microcomputers to large computers and manual record keeping in school administration. (Author/RW)

  3. Microcomputing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beiser, Karl

    1986-01-01

    Describes a product--BiblioFile, Library Corporation's catalog production system--and a service--reproduction of public domain software on CD-ROM for sale to those interested--which revolve around the ultra-high-density storage capacity of CD-ROM discs. Criteria for selecting microcomputers are briefly reviewed. (MBR)

  4. An Evaluator's Guide to Using DB MASTER: A Microcomputer Based File Management Program. Research on Evaluation Program, Paper and Report Series No. 91.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Peter J.

    Ways a microcomputer can be used to establish and maintain an evaluation database and types of data management features possible on a microcomputer are described in this report, which contains step-by-step procedures and numerous examples for establishing a database, manipulating data, and designing and printing reports. Following a brief…

  5. The microcomputer as a management tool.

    PubMed

    Gordon, K R; Davenport, S R

    1987-11-01

    Computer technology must be applied to the use of administrative time with the same fervor that has been attached to the computerization of the medical record functions. This article explains database management systems and spreadsheet software, exploring their application to several administrative functions appropriate for medical record managers and supervisors. The benefits of integrated software are also discussed.

  6. Improving Recall Using Database Management Systems: A Learning Strategy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jonassen, David H.

    1986-01-01

    Describes the use of microcomputer database management systems to facilitate the instructional uses of learning strategies relating to information processing skills, especially recall. Two learning strategies, cross-classification matrixing and node acquisition and integration, are highlighted. (Author/LRW)

  7. Database Management

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    Management of the data within a planetary data system (PDS) is addressed. Principles of modern data management are described and several large NASA scientific data base systems are examined. Data management in PDS is outlined and the major data management issues are introduced.

  8. Database Management

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    Management of the data within a planetary data system (PDS) is addressed. Principles of modern data management are described and several large NASA scientific data base systems are examined. Data management in PDS is outlined and the major data management issues are introduced.

  9. Creative Classroom Assignment Through Database Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shah, Vivek; Bryant, Milton

    1987-01-01

    The Faculty Scheduling System (FSS), a database management system designed to give administrators the ability to schedule faculty in a fast and efficient manner is described. The FSS, developed using dBASE III, requires an IBM compatible microcomputer with a minimum of 256K memory. (MLW)

  10. Design and Implementation of a Prototype Microcomputer Database Management System for the Standardization of Data Elements for the Department of Defense

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-09-01

    Pypher at DMD , Ft. Belvoir. Cheers! vii I. DZFINITZON PHASE A. sACMOROWND The need for data management standardization has been clearly identified by...90370 minicomputer and is managed by the Data Management Directorate ( DMD ), a subagency of the Army Information Systems Command (ISC). The ADD is a 3...element dictionary within the given constraints. This dictionary will employ the logical model and physical table structure of the ADD ADSS to the

  11. Microcomputers in Science Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spraggs, Laurence D.

    1984-01-01

    Encourages the use of microcomputers in the science classroom, providing information on uses (e.g., simulation and modeling, drill and practice programs, interface with lab equipment, conceptual data analysis, database management, and word processing), logistics, equipment, and software. (DMM)

  12. Microcomputers in Science Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spraggs, Laurence D.

    1984-01-01

    Encourages the use of microcomputers in the science classroom, providing information on uses (e.g., simulation and modeling, drill and practice programs, interface with lab equipment, conceptual data analysis, database management, and word processing), logistics, equipment, and software. (DMM)

  13. Library Micro-Computing, Vol. 1. Reprints from the Best of "ONLINE" [and]"DATABASE."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Online, Inc., Weston, CT.

    Reprints of 18 articles pertaining to library microcomputing appear in this collection, the first of two volumes on this topic in a series of volumes of reprints from "ONLINE" and "DATABASE" magazines. Edited for information professionals who use electronically distributed databases, these articles address such topics as: (1) an integrated library…

  14. Library Micro-Computing, Vol. 2. Reprints from the Best of "ONLINE" [and]"DATABASE."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Online, Inc., Weston, CT.

    Reprints of 19 articles pertaining to library microcomputing appear in this collection, the second of two volumes on this topic in a series of volumes of reprints from "ONLINE" and "DATABASE" magazines. Edited for information professionals who use electronically distributed databases, these articles address such topics as: (1)…

  15. Library Micro-Computing, Vol. 1. Reprints from the Best of "ONLINE" [and]"DATABASE."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Online, Inc., Weston, CT.

    Reprints of 18 articles pertaining to library microcomputing appear in this collection, the first of two volumes on this topic in a series of volumes of reprints from "ONLINE" and "DATABASE" magazines. Edited for information professionals who use electronically distributed databases, these articles address such topics as: (1) an integrated library…

  16. Microcomputer-based geologic well data base management system

    SciTech Connect

    Harrison, M.D.; Morris, G.

    1986-05-01

    Using a microcomputer-based system with a geologic well data base, the exploration geologist can efficiently manage large amounts of data. Software developed by G.A.P.S. Geological Consultants (UK) is used to demonstrate the storage, retrieval, and graphical representation of information in a well data base. Well header information, engineering data, lithological, chronological, and/or stratigraphic tops, lithological data, and wireline logs can be stored in this data base. These data can then be accessed to aid the exploration geologist in producing listings, lithological logs, cross-sections, and maps. Wireline logs in conjunction with lithological data and tops are used to show how correlation can be achieved interactively on screen. There will be a brief discussion on the pros and cons of microcomputer stand-alone workstations and the linking of microcomputers to mainframe data bases.

  17. Use of microcomputers for planning and managing silviculture habitat relationships.

    Treesearch

    B.G. Marcot; R.S. McNay; R.E. Page

    1988-01-01

    Microcomputers aid in monitoring, modeling, and decision support for integrating objectives of silviculture and wildlife habitat management. Spreadsheets, data bases, statistics, and graphics programs are described for use in monitoring. Stand growth models, modeling languages, area and geobased information systems, and optimization models are discussed for use in...

  18. Microcomputers and the Library: A Planning Guide for Managers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walton, Robert A.

    This manual was designed to provide the library manager or supervisor with a basic understanding of microcomputer hardware, software, procurement, and supervision. While developed for a summer workshop series, it can also serve as an introductory text. Separate chapters cover 10 major topics: (1) the microtechnology revolution; (2) how a…

  19. Microcomputers & Educational Researchers: Writing, Project Management, Statistics Software, & Data Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knirk, Frederick G.

    Designed to assist educational researchers in utilizing microcomputers, this paper presents information on four types of computer software: writing tools for educators, statistical software designed to perform analyses of small and moderately large data sets, project management tools, and general education/research oriented information services…

  20. The Microcomputer in Historical Research: Accessing Commercial Databases.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowney, Don Karl

    1985-01-01

    Online information services (e.g., DIALOG, ORBIT) and computer databases (e.g., Social Sciences Citation Index, Historical Abstracts) that historians can use in their historical research are discussed. The important differences among representative databases are described. (RM)

  1. Feasibility Study, Microcomputer Expert System for Federal Contract Management

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-10-30

    A microcomputer-based expert system to be used in managing federal contract changes was found to be both necessary as indicated by potential user...comments, and feasible within the realm of current expert system software shells . The knowledge domain of contract changes was determined to be...sufficiently structured and defined to support a floppy disk sized expert system which would not require supplementary manuals as documentation. A

  2. Chesapeake Bay database (version 1. 00) (for microcomputers). Data file

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-11-11

    The Chesapeake Bay Database contains 337 records of discrete water quality observations, collected on 3 oceanographic cruises during the summers of 1985, 1986, and 1987. Each record contains 64 fields listing the hydrographic, chemical and biological data measured for each observation.

  3. Database Searching by Managers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, Stephen E.

    Managers and executives need the easy and quick access to business and management information that online databases can provide, but many have difficulty articulating their search needs to an intermediary. One possible solution would be to encourage managers and their immediate support staff members to search textual databases directly as they now…

  4. The Creation of a Central Database on a Microcomputer Network.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-03-01

    all facets of business , government is finding increased Fressures tc reduce expenditures and still prcvide service to the people. To meet the...challenges of reduc-ng costs and maintaining service levels, governmant managers are looking toward office automation and computerizaticn to increase...Material Section of FMSO (Coda 91423) is designated as the overall monitor for the quality deficiency management informaticn reporting system. A

  5. Remote Access MicroMeSH: Evaluation of a Microcomputer System for Searching the MEDLINE Database

    PubMed Central

    Lowe, Henry J.; Barnett, G. Octo; Scott, Jon; Mallon, Laurie; Blewett, Dyan Ryan

    1989-01-01

    Remote Access MicroMeSH (RAMM) is a powerful but easy to use microcomputer system for searching the MEDLINE database. RAMM incorporates MicroMeSH, a microcomputer implementation of the National Library of Medicine's (NLM) Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) vocabulary. RAMM facilitates the creation of highly specific MEDLINE search queries. Our goals in creating RAMM were to provide a system that could be used to search the medical literature and to teach the basic skills required to use MeSH and MEDLINE. During the past two years RAMM has been used by clinicians, library professionals, researchers and students at Harvard Medical School and at selected academic sites in the U.S. and Canada. In February of 1989 we began an effort to formally evaluate RAMM. This paper describes the preliminary results of that evaluation.

  6. Application of Informatics to Production Management and Prospective Uses of Microcomputers,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    Production management in an industrial environment includes monitoring and controlling the various parameters in a manner that would result in the...application of informatics to production management got a shot in the arm with the advent of microcomputers. Individual microcomputer machines built

  7. Microcomputers in Small Business Management. Leadership and Training Series No. 64.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heath, Betty; Camp, William G.

    This guide is designed to assist vocational educators in training individuals at the secondary, postsecondary, and adult levels to use microcomputers in small business management. An overview of the use of microcomputers in the small business setting is provided in the introduction. Included in the next section is a multi-page matrix dealing with…

  8. The Development of a Microcomputer-Based Nurse Management System

    PubMed Central

    Flanders, John; Lutgen, Timothy

    1984-01-01

    The Nurse Management System is an automated scheduling and staffing system designed to run on an IBM personal computer. The system generates four- or six-week schedules for several classifications of nursing staff. Daily rosters and staffing variance analysis reports are also generated based on manually entered census and acuity data. The system was written in a user-friendly language which enables nursing staff to make custom modifications. Custom ad hoc reports can also be generated using special features such as the automated report writer. The system has been in operation for approximately 20 months and currently schedules over 1,500 nursing staff. The developmental and operational costs of the system are favorable due to the fact that the system is microcomputer-based and is totally under the nursing department's control.

  9. Making Work Easy: Administrative Applications of Microcomputers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schneider, Gail Thierbach

    This survey of the administrative applications of microcomputers identifies word processing, database management, spreadsheet functions, and graphics as four areas in which microcomputer use will reduce repetition, improve cost efficiency, minimize paperwork, enhance filing and retrieval systems, and save time. This will allow administrators and…

  10. InfoTrac TFD: a microcomputer implementation of the Transcription Factor Database TFD with a graphical user interface.

    PubMed

    Hoeck, W G

    1994-06-01

    InfoTrac TFD provides a graphical user interface (GUI) for viewing and manipulating datasets in the Transcription Factor Database, TFD. The interface was developed in Filemaker Pro 2.0 by Claris Corporation, which provides cross platform compatibility between Apple Macintosh computers running System 7.0 and higher and IBM-compatibles running Microsoft Windows 3.0 and higher. TFD ASCII-tables were formatted to fit data into several custom data tables using Add/Strip, a shareware utility and Filemaker Pro's lookup feature. The lookup feature was also put to use to allow TFD data tables to become linked within a flat-file database management system. The 'Navigator', consisting of several pop-up menus listing transcription factor abbreviations, facilitates the search for transcription factor entries. Data are presented onscreen in several layouts, that can be further customized by the user. InfoTrac TFD makes the transcription factor database accessible to a much wider community of scientists by making it available on two popular microcomputer platforms.

  11. Considerations in Selecting Microcomputers for Instructional Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthews, John I.

    1981-01-01

    Suggestions are made for choosing microcomputers for instructional design. Elements discussed include hardware (system components, selection procedures, operations and hardware); equipment suppliers; software development (database management, simulation); and implementation (acquisition of hardware, probable difficulties). (CT)

  12. Use of Microcomputers for School Hearing Screening and Evaluation Records.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Coleen O'Rourke

    A pilot project evaluated the use of a microcomputer database system to maintain hearing screening, evaluation, and followup records in a school for physically, emotionally, or educationally handicapped children (6 months-18 years). Using a universal database management system for a microcomputer, a program was designed which would allow for easy…

  13. Use of microcomputers for inventory management with uncertain demand

    SciTech Connect

    Meadows, B F

    1984-01-01

    This paper describes how a microcomputer is used for analysis of inventory trends to optimize inventory investment and customer service level in a distribution environment with uncertain demand, and to support an inventory subsystem resident on a main computer.

  14. Administrative Uses of the Microcomputer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spuck, Dennis W.; Atkinson, Gene

    1983-01-01

    An outline of microcomputer applications for administrative computing in education is followed by discussions of aspects of office automation, database management systems, management information systems, administrative computer systems, and software. Several potential problems relating to administrative computing in education are identified.…

  15. Microcomputer Based School Information Management Systems (SIMS) in Alberta Junior and Senior High Schools. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, P.; Valbonesi, P.

    This report comprises a detailed evaluation of three IBM microcomputer-based school information management systems: Student Information and Records System (SIRS) by Management Information Group, The School System (TSS) by Columbia Computing Services, and Computer Educational Management Accounting System (CEMAS) by Computerlib. These three systems…

  16. Managing Microcomputers: A Survival Kit for Functional Managers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-04-01

    PO Up 4 000;, ’I I I AIR COMMAND STAFF COLLEGE STUDENT REPORT MANAGI NG MI CROCOMPUTERS : A SURVIVAL , KIT FOR FUNCTIONAL MANAGERS S Major Emile C...reinforce the training syllabus. And, third, it snould provide repetitive instruction to compensate for personnel turnover. The program should focus

  17. Microcomputers in the School Office: Primer for Administrators. School Management Digest Series Number 30.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindelow, John

    Microcomputers are now affordable tools for managing schools and school districts--and fast becoming essential. This digest, designed to help school administrators begin computerizing their offices, depicts tomorrow's computerized office, introduces computer applications in management, and outlines procedures for computerizing an office. A…

  18. A National Study of Microcomputer Use in Industrial Engineering and Management Education in Taiwan, Republic of China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duo, Jeong-Feong; Yuen, Steve Chi-Yin

    A study investigated the availability and current use of microcomputers in industrial engineering and management education in Taiwan, Republic of China. It gathered information about the knowledge, interests, and attitudes of industrial engineering and management instructors toward microcomputers and their opinions regarding a number of…

  19. Implementation and use of a microcomputer-based management information system to monitor dairy herd performance

    PubMed Central

    Lissemore, Kerry D.; Leslie, Ken E.; Menzies, Paula I.; Martin, S. Wayne; Meek, Alan H.; Etherington, Wayne G.

    1992-01-01

    A microcomputer-based herd management information system was implemented as part of the herd health program provided to 13 dairy clients by the Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph. The study was conducted over a two year period. Data were collected from on-farm event diaries, veterinary visit reports, and production testing information. Selected indices of reproduction, udder health, production, and heifer performance were reported. It was concluded that the implementation of a microcomputer-based information management system, operated as a bureau service, was feasible. However, limitations to the implementation in veterinary practice were identified. PMID:17423945

  20. Online Searching of Bibliographic Databases: Microcomputer Access to National Information Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coons, Bill

    This paper describes the range and scope of various information databases available for technicians, researchers, and managers employed in forestry and the forest products industry. Availability of information on reports of field and laboratory research, business trends, product prices, and company profiles through national distributors of…

  1. Online Searching of Bibliographic Databases: Microcomputer Access to National Information Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coons, Bill

    This paper describes the range and scope of various information databases available for technicians, researchers, and managers employed in forestry and the forest products industry. Availability of information on reports of field and laboratory research, business trends, product prices, and company profiles through national distributors of…

  2. Database Management in Design Optimization.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-10-30

    database managers do a poor job if the architecture is poorly conceived. Database management systems of two commonly used finite element software systems...in the application software . The absence of memory management in the program architecture is the principal shortcoming of SPAR. An obvious retort is to...there are some requirements that stretch the limitations of not only computer systems but also the methodology behind software development. This

  3. Evolution of a Microcomputer Based Statewide Kidney Dialysis Registry Management and Reporting System

    PubMed Central

    Solanchick, J. C.; Jamieson, R. C.

    1983-01-01

    This paper provides a brief description of the development and application of micro-computer technology and a custom designed data base management system to the specialized needs of a small, federally funded, Renal Network Council organization. The hardware evolves from word processing equipment to a business level hard disk microcomputer. The software progression is from list processing to actuarial life table reports written in compiled BASIC. The file structure and size changes from a 160K list processing file to a 1.3 megabyte random access file.

  4. Microcomputers in the School Office. ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management: ERIC Digest, Number Eight.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis, Thomas I.

    Microcomputers can vastly improve the efficiency of data management, data analysis, and communications in the school office, but implementation should be carefully planned, with attention to relative cost for benefits obtained, appropriateness of software and hardware, and potential security risks. (TE)

  5. An End-User Approach to Using Microcomputers in Teaching Production/Operations Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luebbe, Richard L.; Finch, Byron J.

    1989-01-01

    Advocates using an end-user approach to microcomputers in production/operations management. This approach requires the student to design and create spreadsheet models to solve problems, enhancing subject area knowledge, creativity, and problem-solving and computer skills. (SK)

  6. Microcomputer Software for In-House Databases. . . Four Top Packages under $2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lundeen, Gerald; Tenopir, Carol

    1985-01-01

    Four information retrieval packages that run on single user microcomputers--CAIRS, INMAGIC, Sci-Mate, SIRE--are examined based on following criteria: storage requirements; hardware requirements; search features (Boolean logic, comparison searching, set building, truncation, and wild card characters); system output; security; system maintenance…

  7. Microcomputer Software for In-House Databases. . . Four Top Packages under $2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lundeen, Gerald; Tenopir, Carol

    1985-01-01

    Four information retrieval packages that run on single user microcomputers--CAIRS, INMAGIC, Sci-Mate, SIRE--are examined based on following criteria: storage requirements; hardware requirements; search features (Boolean logic, comparison searching, set building, truncation, and wild card characters); system output; security; system maintenance…

  8. Urological history-taking and management recommendations by microcomputer.

    PubMed

    Glen, E S; Small, D R; Morrison, L M; Pollock, K

    1989-02-01

    A system has been developed to acquire a complete urological history using an Apple microcomputer. The system can ask up to 300 multiple choice questions which the patient answers using a light pen. The questions are grouped into blocks for urological symptoms and complicating factors. A printout summarises the history and the recommended further investigations. A copy of this is given to the patient and the referring doctor. The clinician discusses the printout and proposed investigations with the patient. The system has been tested against experienced clinicians and the results are presented. The computer system was evaluated for 26 patients and was found to record all of the important information. The system is now in regular use in the out-patient clinic as the first part of the diagnostic work-up in suitable referrals. This system has shortened waiting times for first appointments. To date 261 patients have used the system. The consultant urologist continues his practice of reading all referral letters and allocating priorities. Conditions requiring immediate physical examination (e.g. testicular swelling) are not suitable for this type of approach.

  9. The Microcomputer in the Administrative Office.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huntington, Fred

    1983-01-01

    Discusses microcomputer uses for administrative computing in education at site level and central office and recommends that administrators start with a word processing program for time management, an electronic spreadsheet for financial accounting, a database management system for inventories, and self-written programs to alleviate paper…

  10. The Microcomputer in the Administrative Office.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huntington, Fred

    1983-01-01

    Discusses microcomputer uses for administrative computing in education at site level and central office and recommends that administrators start with a word processing program for time management, an electronic spreadsheet for financial accounting, a database management system for inventories, and self-written programs to alleviate paper…

  11. Automating the Air Force Retail-Level Equipment Management Process: An Application of Microcomputer-Based Information Systems Techniques

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-09-01

    could use the assistance of a microcomputer-based management information system . However, adequate system design and development requires an in-depth...understanding of the Equipment Management Section and the environment in which it functions were asked and answered. Then, a management information system was...designed, developed, and tested. The management information system is called the Equipment Management Information System (EMIS).

  12. Laboratory Microcomputing

    PubMed Central

    York, William B.

    1984-01-01

    Microcomputers will play a major role in the laboratory, not only in the calculation and interpretation of clinical test data, but also will have an increasing place of importance in the management of laboratory resources in the face of the transition from revenue generating to the cost center era. We will give you a glimpse of what can be accomplished with the management data already collected by many laboratories today when the data are processed into meaningful reports.

  13. A Database Management Assessment Instrument

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landry, Jeffrey P.; Pardue, J. Harold; Daigle, Roy; Longenecker, Herbert E., Jr.

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes an instrument designed for assessing learning outcomes in data management. In addition to assessment of student learning and ABET outcomes, we have also found the instrument to be effective for determining database placement of incoming information systems (IS) graduate students. Each of these three uses is discussed in this…

  14. Interconnecting heterogeneous database management systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gligor, V. D.; Luckenbaugh, G. L.

    1984-01-01

    It is pointed out that there is still a great need for the development of improved communication between remote, heterogeneous database management systems (DBMS). Problems regarding the effective communication between distributed DBMSs are primarily related to significant differences between local data managers, local data models and representations, and local transaction managers. A system of interconnected DBMSs which exhibit such differences is called a network of distributed, heterogeneous DBMSs. In order to achieve effective interconnection of remote, heterogeneous DBMSs, the users must have uniform, integrated access to the different DBMs. The present investigation is mainly concerned with an analysis of the existing approaches to interconnecting heterogeneous DBMSs, taking into account four experimental DBMS projects.

  15. Microcomputer Use in Administrative Decision Support Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Kenneth G.; Droegemueller, Lee

    1983-01-01

    Some of the major problems facing higher education over the next decade and how microcomputer-based decision support systems can be used to address these as well as everyday administrative problems are discussed. Examples using electronic spreadsheets and database management systems are provided. (Author/MLW)

  16. Microcomputers in Libraries: The Quiet Revolution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boss, Richard

    1985-01-01

    This article defines three separate categories of microcomputers--personal, desk-top, multi-user devices--and relates storage capabilities (expandability, floppy disks) to library applications. Highlghts include de facto standards, operating systems, database management systems, applications software, circulation control systems, dumb and…

  17. Generalized Database Management System Support for Numeric Database Environments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dominick, Wayne D.; Weathers, Peggy G.

    1982-01-01

    This overview of potential for utilizing database management systems (DBMS) within numeric database environments highlights: (1) major features, functions, and characteristics of DBMS; (2) applicability to numeric database environment needs and user needs; (3) current applications of DBMS technology; and (4) research-oriented and…

  18. Farm Management Extension Programs and the Use of Microcomputers on Farms. Faculty Paper Series 85-3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGrann, James M.; And Others

    The Cooperative Extension Service faces the challenge of helping United States farmers and ranchers use microcomputers in managing their farms. Farm management extension education programs are delivered to farmers and ranchers through such activities as (1) local meetings and workshops organized by county agents and producer advisory groups, (2)…

  19. Administrative Uses of Microcomputers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Chase

    1987-01-01

    This paper examines the administrative uses of the microcomputer, stating that high performance educational managers are likely to have microcomputers in their organizations. Four situations that would justify the use of a computer are: (1) when massive amounts of data are processed through well-defined operations; (2) when data processing is…

  20. Administrative Uses of Microcomputers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Chase

    1987-01-01

    This paper examines the administrative uses of the microcomputer, stating that high performance educational managers are likely to have microcomputers in their organizations. Four situations that would justify the use of a computer are: (1) when massive amounts of data are processed through well-defined operations; (2) when data processing is…

  1. Microcomputers in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLean, Robert S., Ed.; McLean, Ruth W., Ed.

    1981-01-01

    Some of the areas in which Ontario educators currently employ microcomputers in higher education are addressed in several articles, bibliographies, and book reviews. Various uses of computer-managed instruction and computer-assisted instruction (CAI) at Humber College of Applied Arts and Technology are outlined by Frank A. Ford. Microcomputer CAI…

  2. A Micro-Computer Based System for the Management of the Critically Ill

    PubMed Central

    Comerchero, Harry; Thomas, Gregory; Shapira, Gaby; Greatbatch, Mennen; Hoyt, John W.

    1978-01-01

    A central station based system is described which employs a micro-computer for continuous monitoring of hemodynamic parameters for multiple patients. Monitored vital signs are displayed on a “WARD STATUS” video monitor and processed for long-term trend storage and retrieval. Alarm events and changes in module settings at the bedside are immediately reflected on the WARD STATUS display. Medication administration can be indicated and presented together with the graphical trends of any monitored parameter. Optional features of the system include on-line determination of Cardiac Output, Pulmonary Wedge Pressure Measurements, Arrhythmia and Respiratory Monitoring. An alphanumeric terminal connected to the micro-computer facilitates “background” programming in high level languages. This facility can be used to provide tailored patient data management capability to the medical staff or can be used as a tool for in-house development of special purpose application programs. The system is currently implemented on a Digital Equipment Corporation LSI-11 with 28K memory and dual floppy disks. ImagesFig. 2

  3. The FPbase microcomputer system for managing community health screening and intervention data bases.

    PubMed Central

    Assaf, A R; Banspach, S W; Lasater, T M; Ramsey, J; Tidwell, R J; Carleton, R A

    1992-01-01

    Health promotion and intervention projects at State and community levels need computerized data bases to assist in making policy decisions and in operating the projects. Computer data base systems are used in entering, storing, retrieving, and analyzing information about health project activities and their participants in a timely and cost-effective manner. Computer support is essential for such labor-intensive tasks as post-screening followup of participants, identifying subpopulations, and evaluating recruitment efforts and behavior change programs. The Pawtucket Heart Health Program developed a microcomputer software package, FPbase, for community health project data base management. FPbase is described and is available for use by other organizations. FPbase incorporates formative and process interactive data base activities and is suitable for use in operating intervention and screening programs at State and local levels. The system accommodates management of data for social marketing, evaluation, followup, and promotional activities. PMID:1333621

  4. An Evaluation of Farm Management and Agricultural Marketing Microcomputer-Assisted Instruction in Training Vocational Agriculture Instructors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trede, Larry D.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    A study found that there is a significant difference in student achievement when teaching farm management and agricultural marketing concepts and problem solving with microcomputer-assisted instruction as compared to the lecture-discussion teaching method; and that there is little difference in achievement when comparing teachers' knowledge and…

  5. TWRS technical baseline database manager definition document

    SciTech Connect

    Acree, C.D.

    1997-08-13

    This document serves as a guide for using the TWRS Technical Baseline Database Management Systems Engineering (SE) support tool in performing SE activities for the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS). This document will provide a consistent interpretation of the relationships between the TWRS Technical Baseline Database Management software and the present TWRS SE practices. The Database Manager currently utilized is the RDD-1000 System manufactured by the Ascent Logic Corporation. In other documents, the term RDD-1000 may be used interchangeably with TWRS Technical Baseline Database Manager.

  6. Construction of file database management

    SciTech Connect

    MERRILL,KYLE J.

    2000-03-01

    This work created a database for tracking data analysis files from multiple lab techniques and equipment stored on a central file server. Experimental details appropriate for each file type are pulled from the file header and stored in a searchable database. The database also stores specific location and self-directory structure for each data file. Queries can be run on the database according to file type, sample type or other experimental parameters. The database was constructed in Microsoft Access and Visual Basic was used for extraction of information from the file header.

  7. Negative Effects of Learning Spreadsheet Management on Learning Database Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vágner, Anikó; Zsakó, László

    2015-01-01

    A lot of students learn spreadsheet management before database management. Their similarities can cause a lot of negative effects when learning database management. In this article, we consider these similarities and explain what can cause problems. First, we analyse the basic concepts such as table, database, row, cell, reference, etc. Then, we…

  8. Accessing ERIC with Your Microcomputer. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klausmeier, Jane A.

    Focusing on how to use a microcomputer as a terminal for searching online databases, this digest addresses the following topics: (1) hardware and software requirements; (2) configuring the software; and (3) basic requirements for specific microcomputers. Special features in communications software which allow microcomputer users to do database…

  9. Microcomputer Data Base Programs in Social Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tate, C. Neal

    1986-01-01

    Microcomputer uses by social researchers include writing programs, standard spreadsheets and data base management. In addition, microcomputers can increase the effectiveness and efficiency of information gathering by improving notetaking and organizing. Software developments will help make microcomputer data base management tools, now not…

  10. MICRO-VERS. Micro-computer Software for the Vocational Education Reporting System. User's Guide and Reference Manual. Version 2.0 Apple II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield. Dept. of Adult, Vocational and Technical Education.

    This manual is designed for use with the Apple II microcomputer and software packages for the Microcomputer Vocational Education Reporting System 2.0 MICRO-VERS. It is intended to aid local agencies in building and managing a database of information required by the State Board for reporting vocational program enrollment. An introductory section,…

  11. MICRO-VERS. Microcomputer Software for the Vocational Education Reporting System. User's Guide and Reference Manual. Version 1.0 Apple II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield. Dept. of Adult, Vocational and Technical Education.

    This manual is designed for use with the Apple II microcomputer and software packages for the Microcomputer Vocational Education Reporting System 1.0 (MICRO-VERS). It is intended to aid local agencies in building and managing a database of information required by the State Board for reporting vocational program enrollment. An introduction…

  12. The land management and operations database (LMOD)

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    This paper presents the design, implementation, deployment, and application of the Land Management and Operations Database (LMOD). LMOD is the single authoritative source for reference land management and operation reference data within the USDA enterprise data warehouse. LMOD supports modeling appl...

  13. Personal Database Management System I TRIAS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamamoto, Yoneo; Kashihara, Akihiro; Kawagishi, Keisuke

    The current paper provides TRIAS (TRIple Associative System) which is a database management system for a personal use. In order to implement TRIAS, we have developed an associative database, whose format is (e,a,v) : e for entity, a for attribute, v for value. ML-TREE is used to construct (e,a,v). ML-TREE is a reversion of B+-tree that is multiway valanced tree. The paper focuses mainly on the usage of associative database, demonstrating how to use basic commands, primary functions and applcations.

  14. Research on computer virus database management system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qi, Guoquan

    2011-12-01

    The growing proliferation of computer viruses becomes the lethal threat and research focus of the security of network information. While new virus is emerging, the number of viruses is growing, virus classification increasing complex. Virus naming because of agencies' capture time differences can not be unified. Although each agency has its own virus database, the communication between each other lacks, or virus information is incomplete, or a small number of sample information. This paper introduces the current construction status of the virus database at home and abroad, analyzes how to standardize and complete description of virus characteristics, and then gives the information integrity, storage security and manageable computer virus database design scheme.

  15. Microcomputer Use in Illinois Vocational Agriculture Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Janet L.

    1985-01-01

    A study was conducted to assess the current status of microcomputer use by vocational agriculture instructors in Illinois. The study identified the number and types of microcomputers currently being used by vocational agriculture instructors, determined the techniques for managing microcomputer use, and identified the types of software currently…

  16. Expert systems identify fossils and manage large paleontological databases

    SciTech Connect

    Beightol, D.S. ); Conrad, M.A.

    1988-02-01

    EXPAL is a computer program permitting creation and maintenance of comprehensive databases in marine paleontology. It is designed to assist specialists and non-specialists. EXPAL includes a powerful expert system based on the morphological descriptors specific to a given group of fossils. The expert system may be used, for example, to describe and automatically identify an unknown specimen. EXPAL was first applied to Dasycladales (Calcareous green algae). Projects are under way for corresponding expert systems and databases on planktonic foraminifers and calpionellids. EXPAL runs on an IBM XT or compatible microcomputer.

  17. [Total quality management of clinical database].

    PubMed

    Okubo, Suguru; Miyata, Hiroaki; Tomotaki, Ai; Motomura, Noboru; Murakami, Arata; Ono, Minoru; Iwanaka, Tadashi

    2013-06-01

    Data entry system should be constructed considering utility, accuracy, propriety, and feasibility. The methods for developing useful and accurate clinical databases are 1)system development based on the concept of "error proofing", 2)system test by real users, 3)guidances for participants, and 4)incentive for accurate data entry. In terms of propriety, to gain patient's consent on data collection and to publicly announce objectives and methods of clinical database are necessary. Confidentiality and anonymization of data are also important. Balancing efficacy and propriety for maximization of patients' and societal benefit is one of the important responsibilities of database management organizations. In addition, assessment of data quality such as audit and feedback is useful for enhancing accuracy and reliability of clinical databases.

  18. Organizing a breast cancer database: data management.

    PubMed

    Yi, Min; Hunt, Kelly K

    2016-06-01

    Developing and organizing a breast cancer database can provide data and serve as valuable research tools for those interested in the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. Depending on the research setting, the quality of the data can be a major issue. Assuring that the data collection process does not contribute inaccuracies can help to assure the overall quality of subsequent analyses. Data management is work that involves the planning, development, implementation, and administration of systems for the acquisition, storage, and retrieval of data while protecting it by implementing high security levels. A properly designed database provides you with access to up-to-date, accurate information. Database design is an important component of application design. If you take the time to design your databases properly, you'll be rewarded with a solid application foundation on which you can build the rest of your application.

  19. Choosing the Right Database Management Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vockell, Edward L.; Kopenec, Donald

    1989-01-01

    Provides a comparison of four database management programs commonly used in schools: AppleWorks, the DOS 3.3 and ProDOS versions of PFS, and MECC's Data Handler. Topics discussed include information storage, spelling checkers, editing functions, search strategies, graphs, printout formats, library applications, and HyperCard. (LRW)

  20. The Cocoa Shop: A Database Management Case

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pratt, Renée M. E.; Smatt, Cindi T.

    2015-01-01

    This is an example of a real-world applicable case study, which includes background information on a small local business (i.e., TCS), description of functional business requirements, and sample data. Students are asked to design and develop a database to improve the management of the company's customers, products, and purchases by emphasizing…

  1. A Database Management System for Interlibrary Loan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Amy

    1990-01-01

    Discusses the increasing complexity of dealing with interlibrary loan requests and describes a database management system for interlibrary loans used at Texas Tech University. System functions are described, including file control, records maintenance, and report generation, and the impact on staff productivity is discussed. (CLB)

  2. Consider a microcomputer.

    PubMed

    Slubowski, M A

    1982-01-01

    Although computers have proven to be effective tools in managing the administrative aspects of a medical group practice, many groups are hesitant to invest in this new technology. They are concerned about huge capital expenditures for equipment, the consequences of the implementation period, and failures that many groups are reported to have experienced in this endeavor. Microcomputers are a low-cost method through which a medical group can experiment with computerized information systems without taking the risk of total conversion from a manual to an automated system. The experience of the Sterling Heights Center in implementing a microcomputer is helpful to any group considering such a system.

  3. Microcomputers in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freeze, D. Richard

    1988-01-01

    Microcomputer applications for four areas of special education are discussed: (1) information management and decision making for administrators; (2) characteristics of quality second generation computer assisted instructional programs for teachers; (3) communications and early prostheses advances for educators of the severely and multiply…

  4. Microcomputers in Business Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muscat, Eugene

    1980-01-01

    This article acquaints business educators with the equipment, terminology, and the wide range of applications microcomputers have in business education programs. Areas examined include hardware, software, computer-assisted instruction (drill and practice, simulation, and tutorial), computer-managed instruction, and word processing. (CT)

  5. Software Choices for In-House Databases.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tenopir, Carol; Lundeen, Gerald W.

    1988-01-01

    Categorizes software packages for microcomputer database creation by their typical features and strengths, and discusses appropriate applications of each category. A directory of vendors for each type of software--text retrieval, file managers, database management, information storage and retrieval, integrated bibliographic systems, and library…

  6. How Should We Manage All Those Databases?

    SciTech Connect

    Langley, K E

    1998-10-01

    In an organization where there are many DBAs working with many instances and databases on many machines with many developers - how do you manage all of this without total chaos? This paper will outline how the central Database Support organization at Lockheed Martin Energy Systems in Oak Ridge, TN manages more than 250 instances on more than 90 systems with a variety of operating systems. This discussion will include how tasks and responsibilities are divided between System DBAs, Application Project DBAs, and developers. The use of standards as well as local routines to maintain the systems will be discussed. Information on the type of communications used to keep the different group informed and up-to-date will also be presented.

  7. How Should we Manage all These Databases?

    SciTech Connect

    Langley, K.E.

    1998-11-01

    In an organization where there are many DBAs working with many instances and databases on many machines with many developers - how do you manage all of this without total chaos? This paper will outline how the central Database Support organization at Lockheed Martin Energy Systems in Oak Ridge, TN manages more than 250 instances on more than 90 systems with a variety of operating systems. This discussion will include how tasks and responsibilities are divided between System DBAs, Application Project DBAs, and developers. The use of standards as well as local routines to maintain the systems will be discussed. Information on the type of communications used to keep the different groups informed and up-to-date will also be presented.

  8. SPIRE Data-Base Management System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fuechsel, C. F.

    1984-01-01

    Spacelab Payload Integration and Rocket Experiment (SPIRE) data-base management system (DBMS) based on relational model of data bases. Data bases typically used for engineering and mission analysis tasks and, unlike most commercially available systems, allow data items and data structures stored in forms suitable for direct analytical computation. SPIRE DBMS designed to support data requests from interactive users as well as applications programs.

  9. SPIRE Data-Base Management System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fuechsel, C. F.

    1984-01-01

    Spacelab Payload Integration and Rocket Experiment (SPIRE) data-base management system (DBMS) based on relational model of data bases. Data bases typically used for engineering and mission analysis tasks and, unlike most commercially available systems, allow data items and data structures stored in forms suitable for direct analytical computation. SPIRE DBMS designed to support data requests from interactive users as well as applications programs.

  10. The Impact of Microcomputing on Political Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garson, G. David

    1985-01-01

    Future impacts of microcomputing on political science are discussed. Scenarios dealing with networking, data access, field research, course management, and simulations and artificial intelligence are described. (RM)

  11. The Impact of Microcomputing on Political Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garson, G. David

    1985-01-01

    Future impacts of microcomputing on political science are discussed. Scenarios dealing with networking, data access, field research, course management, and simulations and artificial intelligence are described. (RM)

  12. "Speaking" Microcomputer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mandy, C.; Annerton, J.

    1986-01-01

    Microcomputer system allows blind person to use portable computer and communicate with remote mainframe computer. System prepares data for transmission to mainframe, translates data transmitted from mainframe for its own use, and converts data ordinarily displayed on its video screen into synthesized speech.

  13. "Speaking" Microcomputer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mandy, C.; Annerton, J.

    1986-01-01

    Microcomputer system allows blind person to use portable computer and communicate with remote mainframe computer. System prepares data for transmission to mainframe, translates data transmitted from mainframe for its own use, and converts data ordinarily displayed on its video screen into synthesized speech.

  14. Microcomputer Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fors, George, Ed.

    Designed for use by school districts introducing computer mathematics into the curriculum, this manual provides guidelines for selecting a microcomputer system, as well as objectives and an outline for an introductory course in computer programming. Also presented are topics for computer applications in science, mathematics, chemistry, and…

  15. Inside Microcomputers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frederick, Franz J.

    1982-01-01

    The internal processes of microcomputer functioning are explained. Components include: (1) a central processing unit; (2) memories which store programs and data; (3) a clock which determines the order in which a computer performs its operations; (4) a bus consisting of receptacles for additional installations; (5) interfaces which connect the…

  16. Microcomputer Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fors, George, Ed.

    Designed for use by school districts introducing computer mathematics into the curriculum, this manual provides guidelines for selecting a microcomputer system, as well as objectives and an outline for an introductory course in computer programming. Also presented are topics for computer applications in science, mathematics, chemistry, and…

  17. Service Management Database for DSN Equipment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zendejas, Silvino; Bui, Tung; Bui, Bach; Malhotra, Shantanu; Chen, Fannie; Wolgast, Paul; Allen, Christopher; Luong, Ivy; Chang, George; Sadaqathulla, Syed

    2009-01-01

    This data- and event-driven persistent storage system leverages the use of commercial software provided by Oracle for portability, ease of maintenance, scalability, and ease of integration with embedded, client-server, and multi-tiered applications. In this role, the Service Management Database (SMDB) is a key component of the overall end-to-end process involved in the scheduling, preparation, and configuration of the Deep Space Network (DSN) equipment needed to perform the various telecommunication services the DSN provides to its customers worldwide. SMDB makes efficient use of triggers, stored procedures, queuing functions, e-mail capabilities, data management, and Java integration features provided by the Oracle relational database management system. SMDB uses a third normal form schema design that allows for simple data maintenance procedures and thin layers of integration with client applications. The software provides an integrated event logging system with ability to publish events to a JMS messaging system for synchronous and asynchronous delivery to subscribed applications. It provides a structured classification of events and application-level messages stored in database tables that are accessible by monitoring applications for real-time monitoring or for troubleshooting and analysis over historical archives.

  18. Processing requirements of secure C3/I and battle management systems - Development of Gemini trusted multiple microcomputer base

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tao, T. F.; Schell, R. R.

    The present investigation is concerned with the potential applications of trusted computer system technologies in space. It is suggested that the rapidly expanding roles of new space defense missions will require space-borne command, control, communication, intelligence, and battle management (C2/I-BM) systems. The trusted computer system technology can be extended to develop new computer architectures which are able to support the broader requirements of C3/I-BM processing. The Gemini Trusted Multiple Microcomputer Base product is being developed to meet the demanding requirements and to support simultaneously the multiple capabilities. Attention is given to recent important events of trusted computer system developments, and to the Gemini system architecture.

  19. Microcomputers in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Camille C.

    1978-01-01

    The definition of a microcomputer along with examples and resource information for such systems, the advantages of microcomputer kits, and the value of the microcomputers to the student are discussed. (MN)

  20. Microcomputers in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Camille C.

    1978-01-01

    The definition of a microcomputer along with examples and resource information for such systems, the advantages of microcomputer kits, and the value of the microcomputers to the student are discussed. (MN)

  1. Integrated Space Asset Management Database and Modeling

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    MacLeod, Todd; Gagliano, Larry; Percy, Thomas; Mason, Shane

    2015-01-01

    Effective Space Asset Management is one key to addressing the ever-growing issue of space congestion. It is imperative that agencies around the world have access to data regarding the numerous active assets and pieces of space junk currently tracked in orbit around the Earth. At the center of this issues is the effective management of data of many types related to orbiting objects. As the population of tracked objects grows, so too should the data management structure used to catalog technical specifications, orbital information, and metadata related to those populations. Marshall Space Flight Center's Space Asset Management Database (SAM-D) was implemented in order to effectively catalog a broad set of data related to known objects in space by ingesting information from a variety of database and processing that data into useful technical information. Using the universal NORAD number as a unique identifier, the SAM-D processes two-line element data into orbital characteristics and cross-references this technical data with metadata related to functional status, country of ownership, and application category. The SAM-D began as an Excel spreadsheet and was later upgraded to an Access database. While SAM-D performs its task very well, it is limited by its current platform and is not available outside of the local user base. Further, while modeling and simulation can be powerful tools to exploit the information contained in SAM-D, the current system does not allow proper integration options for combining the data with both legacy and new M&S tools. This paper provides a summary of SAM-D development efforts to date and outlines a proposed data management infrastructure that extends SAM-D to support the larger data sets to be generated. A service-oriented architecture model using an information sharing platform named SIMON will allow it to easily expand to incorporate new capabilities, including advanced analytics, M&S tools, fusion techniques and user interface for

  2. NGNP Risk Management Database: A Model for Managing Risk

    SciTech Connect

    John Collins; John M. Beck

    2011-11-01

    The Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Risk Management System (RMS) is a database used to maintain the project risk register. The RMS also maps risk reduction activities to specific identified risks. Further functionality of the RMS includes mapping reactor suppliers Design Data Needs (DDNs) to risk reduction tasks and mapping Phenomena Identification Ranking Table (PIRTs) to associated risks. This document outlines the basic instructions on how to use the RMS. This document constitutes Revision 1 of the NGNP Risk Management Database: A Model for Managing Risk. It incorporates the latest enhancements to the RMS. The enhancements include six new custom views of risk data - Impact/Consequence, Tasks by Project Phase, Tasks by Status, Tasks by Project Phase/Status, Tasks by Impact/WBS, and Tasks by Phase/Impact/WBS.

  3. NGNP Risk Management Database: A Model for Managing Risk

    SciTech Connect

    John Collins

    2009-09-01

    To facilitate the implementation of the Risk Management Plan, the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project has developed and employed an analytical software tool called the NGNP Risk Management System (RMS). A relational database developed in Microsoft® Access, the RMS provides conventional database utility including data maintenance, archiving, configuration control, and query ability. Additionally, the tool’s design provides a number of unique capabilities specifically designed to facilitate the development and execution of activities outlined in the Risk Management Plan. Specifically, the RMS provides the capability to establish the risk baseline, document and analyze the risk reduction plan, track the current risk reduction status, organize risks by reference configuration system, subsystem, and component (SSC) and Area, and increase the level of NGNP decision making.

  4. The fundamentals of object-oriented database management systems.

    PubMed

    Plateau, D

    1993-01-01

    The purpose of this document is to characterize the two technologies (database and object-oriented technologies) which constitute the foundation of object-oriented database management systems. The O2 Object-Oriented DataBase Management System is then described as an example of this type of system.

  5. Database Management Systems: New Homes for Migrating Bibliographic Records.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Terrence A.; Bierbaum, Esther G.

    1987-01-01

    Assesses bibliographic databases as part of visionary text systems such as hypertext and scholars' workstations. Downloading is discussed in terms of the capability to search records and to maintain unique bibliographic descriptions, and relational database management systems, file managers, and text databases are reviewed as possible hosts for…

  6. Database Management Systems: New Homes for Migrating Bibliographic Records.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Terrence A.; Bierbaum, Esther G.

    1987-01-01

    Assesses bibliographic databases as part of visionary text systems such as hypertext and scholars' workstations. Downloading is discussed in terms of the capability to search records and to maintain unique bibliographic descriptions, and relational database management systems, file managers, and text databases are reviewed as possible hosts for…

  7. Database Software for the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beiser, Karl

    1990-01-01

    Examines trends in the design of database management systems for microcomputers and predicts developments that may occur in the next decade. Possible developments are discussed in the areas of user interfaces, database programing, library systems, the use of MARC data, CD-ROM applications, artificial intelligence features, HyperCard, and…

  8. The database management system: A topic and a tool

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Plummer, O. R.

    1984-01-01

    Data structures and data base management systems are common tools employed to deal with the administrative information of a university. An understanding of these topics is needed by a much wider audience, ranging from those interested in computer aided design and manufacturing to those using microcomputers. These tools are becoming increasingly valuable to academic programs as they develop comprehensive computer support systems. The wide use of these tools relies upon the relational data model as a foundation. Experience with the use of the IPAD RIM5.0 program is described.

  9. The database management system: A topic and a tool

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Plummer, O. R.

    1984-01-01

    Data structures and data base management systems are common tools employed to deal with the administrative information of a university. An understanding of these topics is needed by a much wider audience, ranging from those interested in computer aided design and manufacturing to those using microcomputers. These tools are becoming increasingly valuable to academic programs as they develop comprehensive computer support systems. The wide use of these tools relies upon the relational data model as a foundation. Experience with the use of the IPAD RIM5.0 program is described.

  10. The Network Configuration of an Object Relational Database Management System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Diaz, Philip; Harris, W. C.

    2000-01-01

    The networking and implementation of the Oracle Database Management System (ODBMS) requires developers to have knowledge of the UNIX operating system as well as all the features of the Oracle Server. The server is an object relational database management system (DBMS). By using distributed processing, processes are split up between the database server and client application programs. The DBMS handles all the responsibilities of the server. The workstations running the database application concentrate on the interpretation and display of data.

  11. The Network Configuration of an Object Relational Database Management System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Diaz, Philip; Harris, W. C.

    2000-01-01

    The networking and implementation of the Oracle Database Management System (ODBMS) requires developers to have knowledge of the UNIX operating system as well as all the features of the Oracle Server. The server is an object relational database management system (DBMS). By using distributed processing, processes are split up between the database server and client application programs. The DBMS handles all the responsibilities of the server. The workstations running the database application concentrate on the interpretation and display of data.

  12. Resident database interfaces to the DAVID system, a heterogeneous distributed database management system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moroh, Marsha

    1988-01-01

    A methodology for building interfaces of resident database management systems to a heterogeneous distributed database management system under development at NASA, the DAVID system, was developed. The feasibility of that methodology was demonstrated by construction of the software necessary to perform the interface task. The interface terminology developed in the course of this research is presented. The work performed and the results are summarized.

  13. The Microcomputer and School Transportation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dembowski, Frederick L.

    1984-01-01

    Microcomputers have many cost- and time-saving uses in school transportation management. Applications include routing and scheduling, demographic analysis, fleet maintenance, and personnel and contract management. Word processing is especially promising for storing and updating documents like specifications. Enrollment forecasting and inventory…

  14. Applications of GIS and database technologies to manage a Karst Feature Database

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Gao, Y.; Tipping, R.G.; Alexander, E.C.

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes the management of a Karst Feature Database (KFD) in Minnesota. Two sets of applications in both GIS and Database Management System (DBMS) have been developed for the KFD of Minnesota. These applications were used to manage and to enhance the usability of the KFD. Structured Query Language (SQL) was used to manipulate transactions of the database and to facilitate the functionality of the user interfaces. The Database Administrator (DBA) authorized users with different access permissions to enhance the security of the database. Database consistency and recovery are accomplished by creating data logs and maintaining backups on a regular basis. The working database provides guidelines and management tools for future studies of karst features in Minnesota. The methodology of designing this DBMS is applicable to develop GIS-based databases to analyze and manage geomorphic and hydrologic datasets at both regional and local scales. The short-term goal of this research is to develop a regional KFD for the Upper Mississippi Valley Karst and the long-term goal is to expand this database to manage and study karst features at national and global scales.

  15. Portuguese food composition database quality management system.

    PubMed

    Oliveira, L M; Castanheira, I P; Dantas, M A; Porto, A A; Calhau, M A

    2010-11-01

    The harmonisation of food composition databases (FCDB) has been a recognised need among users, producers and stakeholders of food composition data (FCD). To reach harmonisation of FCDBs among the national compiler partners, the European Food Information Resource (EuroFIR) Network of Excellence set up a series of guidelines and quality requirements, together with recommendations to implement quality management systems (QMS) in FCDBs. The Portuguese National Institute of Health (INSA) is the national FCDB compiler in Portugal and is also a EuroFIR partner. INSA's QMS complies with ISO/IEC (International Organization for Standardisation/International Electrotechnical Commission) 17025 requirements. The purpose of this work is to report on the strategy used and progress made for extending INSA's QMS to the Portuguese FCDB in alignment with EuroFIR guidelines. A stepwise approach was used to extend INSA's QMS to the Portuguese FCDB. The approach included selection of reference standards and guides and the collection of relevant quality documents directly or indirectly related to the compilation process; selection of the adequate quality requirements; assessment of adequacy and level of requirement implementation in the current INSA's QMS; implementation of the selected requirements; and EuroFIR's preassessment 'pilot' auditing. The strategy used to design and implement the extension of INSA's QMS to the Portuguese FCDB is reported in this paper. The QMS elements have been established by consensus. ISO/IEC 17025 management requirements (except 4.5) and 5.2 technical requirements, as well as all EuroFIR requirements (including technical guidelines, FCD compilation flowchart and standard operating procedures), have been selected for implementation. The results indicate that the quality management requirements of ISO/IEC 17025 in place in INSA fit the needs for document control, audits, contract review, non-conformity work and corrective actions, and users' (customers

  16. Glide Path Management with Single- and Multiple-instrument Rotary Systems in Curved Canals: A Micro-Computed Tomographic Study.

    PubMed

    Kirchhoff, Alison Luís; Chu, Rene; Mello, Isabel; Garzon, Andres Dario Plazas; dos Santos, Marcelo; Cunha, Rodrigo Sanches

    2015-11-01

    Securing a reproducible glide path before instrumentation is recommended to maintain the original geometry of the root canal system and to prevent file separation. Mechanical glide path management systems have been introduced to expedite this step. The aim of this study was to compare apical transportation, canal volume increase, and working time during glide path management with ProGlider (PG; Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK) and PathFiles (PF, Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties). Forty curved mesial canals of mandibular molars were randomly allocated into 2 experimental groups (n = 20) according to the glide path management system: PG or PF. A glide path was achieved according to the manufacturers' protocol. Micro-computed tomographic analysis was performed to assess apical transportation at 1, 3, and 5 mm and volume increase. The time required to achieve the glide path was measured. The overall apical transportation mean values (± standard error) were 13.33 ± 3.37 μm for PG and 19.21 ± 4.4 μm for PF (P > .05). The mean (± standard error) volume increase values were 0.49 ± 0.06 mm(3) for PG and 0.48 ± 0.06 mm(3) for PF (P > .05). A statistically significant difference in the working time was found between the groups (P < .0001) where the mean (± standard error) values for time were 7.38 ± 1.73 seconds for PG and 20.61 ± 5.54 seconds for PF. Similar apical transportation and volume increase occurred during glide path management with PG single-file and PF multi-file systems; however, PG achieved glide path faster than PF. Copyright © 2015 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Database Design for Preservation Project Management: The California Newspaper Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayman, Lynne M.

    1997-01-01

    Describes a database designed to manage a serials preservation project in which issues from multiple repositories are gathered and collated for preservation microfilming. Management information, added to bibliographic and holdings records, supports the production of reports tracking preservation activity. (Author)

  18. Database Design and Management in Engineering Optimization.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-02-01

    weight control and FLOKEAL. File Structures and Databases ltr CAD. IFIP. 1982 % dsgtoosNASA Con jerence Publi cation 2033. 1978 Fulton. R. E. and Vuigt...the functions of ~.- Reading, Mass.. 1977 a relational database system, lant. Conlf an Alanagarent oj Data Deiwa. G. F. Advanced program weight ...The University 146 of Iowa, 1983 Ulfsby, S. Steiner, S. and Olan, J. TORNADO: A DBMS for 13 Steekanta Murthy, T. and Arors, 1. S. Database design metho

  19. Attitudes and expectations of producers to the use of a microcomputer-based management information system to monitor dairy herd performance

    PubMed Central

    Lissemore, Kerry D.; Leslie, Ken E.; Martin, S. Wayne; Menzies, Paula I.; Meek, Alan H.

    1992-01-01

    The attitudes and expectations of producers toward the use of a microcomputer-based herd management information system were assessed. The study was conducted over a two-year period, beginning in January 1986, and was operated as a bureau service. The implementation and use of the program are described elsewhere. Pre- and posttrial questionnaires were administered to assess producer attitudes. We found that the monthly analysis reports were used in the management of the dairy farms and were found to be a useful management tool. The majority of producers indicated a willingness to pay, on average, $6.86/cow/year for such a service. PMID:17423946

  20. Pest management in Douglas-fir seed orchards: a microcomputer decision method

    Treesearch

    James B. Hoy; Michael I. Haverty

    1988-01-01

    The computer program described provides a Douglas-fir seed orchard manager (user) with a quantitative method for making insect pest management decisions on a desk-top computer. The decision system uses site-specific information such as estimates of seed crop size, insect attack rates, insecticide efficacy and application costs, weather, and crop value. At sites where...

  1. Creation of a Book Order Management System Using a Microcomputer and a DBMS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neill, Charlotte; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Describes management decisions and resultant technology-based system that allowed a medical library to meet increasing workloads without accompanying increases in resources available. Discussion covers system analysis; capabilities of book-order management system, "BOOKDIRT;" software and training; hardware; data files; data entry;…

  2. Microcomputers and the Department Image.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donaghy, William C.; Donaghy, Carole D.

    Ways in which various uses or applications of a microcomputer can help improve the image of a college or university department are discussed in this paper. The paper discusses applications such as instruction, word processing, management, programing, communications, statistics, and graphics, and audiences for these applications, such as department…

  3. Automating Reference Desk Files with Microcomputers in a Public Library: An Exploration of Data Resources, Methods, and Software.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miley, David W.

    Many reference librarians still rely on manual searches to access vertical files, ready reference files, and other information stored in card files, drawers, and notebooks scattered around the reference department. Automated access to these materials via microcomputers using database management software may speed up the process. This study focuses…

  4. A Microcomputer Abstract Representation of the Marine Corps’ SABRS Financial Management System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-12-01

    4. Comptroller .General of the United States , Implementation of the Accounting System for Operations in the Department of Defense, report to...ABSTRACT fCffimma .0wre side If nebeenp And Iuhnit 6F Week e~ The objective of this thesis is to provide financial managers in the United States Marine...Marine Corps’ SABRS Financial Management System by Richard H. Myers Major, United States Marine Corps B.S., Troy State University, 1969 Dennis H. Grimm

  5. Microcomputers in Marketing Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heath, Betty

    Microcomputers are becoming increasingly available in education, especially in secondary education. It is estimated that in 1980, 50 percent of secondary schools had at least one microcomputer or computer terminal available. Within 3 years, there may be 400,000 microcomputers in secondary schools and 50,000 secondary teachers with computing as…

  6. Microcomputers in Geography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snaden, James N.; And Others

    Geographers in the United States rely heavily on microcomputers. They employ microcomputers to enhance three general categories of tasks: word processing and other productivity needs, geographic instruction, and discipline-specific applications. Word processing and desktop publishing continue to be the primary uses of microcomputers by…

  7. Basic Information on Microcomputers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dembowski, Frederick L.

    1983-01-01

    The second in a series of articles on the use of microcomputers in the school business office contains a summary of the most important concepts and issues concerning the central processing unit and internal storage aspects of the microcomputer. All microcomputer jargon is italicized for easy recognition. (MLF)

  8. Microcomputers in Geography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snaden, James N.; And Others

    Geographers in the United States rely heavily on microcomputers. They employ microcomputers to enhance three general categories of tasks: word processing and other productivity needs, geographic instruction, and discipline-specific applications. Word processing and desktop publishing continue to be the primary uses of microcomputers by…

  9. Integrated Space Asset Management Database and Modeling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gagliano, L.; MacLeod, T.; Mason, S.; Percy, T.; Prescott, J.

    The Space Asset Management Database (SAM-D) was implemented in order to effectively track known objects in space by ingesting information from a variety of databases and performing calculations to determine the expected position of the object at a specified time. While SAM-D performs this task very well, it is limited by technology and is not available outside of the local user base. Modeling and simulation can be powerful tools to exploit the information contained in SAM-D. However, the current system does not allow proper integration options for combining the data with both legacy and new M&S tools. A more capable data management infrastructure would extend SAM-D to support the larger data sets to be generated by the COI. A service-oriented architecture model will allow it to easily expand to incorporate new capabilities, including advanced analytics, M&S tools, fusion techniques and user interface for visualizations. Based on a web-centric approach, the entire COI will be able to access the data and related analytics. In addition, tight control of information sharing policy will increase confidence in the system, which would encourage industry partners to provide commercial data. SIMON is a Government off the Shelf information sharing platform in use throughout DoD and DHS information sharing and situation awareness communities. SIMON providing fine grained control to data owners allowing them to determine exactly how and when their data is shared. SIMON supports a micro-service approach to system development, meaning M&S and analytic services can be easily built or adapted. It is uniquely positioned to fill this need as an information-sharing platform with a proven track record of successful situational awareness system deployments. Combined with the integration of new and legacy M&S tools, a SIMON-based architecture will provide a robust SA environment for the NASA SA COI that can be extended and expanded indefinitely. First Results of Coherent Uplink from a

  10. MST radar data-base management

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wickwar, V. B.

    1983-01-01

    Data management for Mesospheric-Stratospheric-Tropospheric, (MST) radars is addressed. An incoherent-scatter radar data base is discussed in terms of purpose, centralization, scope, and nature of the data base management system.

  11. The Information Scientist as Database Manager in a Corporate Environment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Janet L.

    1986-01-01

    Special librarians are in unique position to become directly involved in the design, development, and management of automated in-house databases. Software packages called application generators enable the librarian/information scientist to develop database applications without programmer intervention and with very little or no knowledge of…

  12. Teaching Database Management System Use in a Library School Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Michael D.

    1985-01-01

    Description of database management systems course being taught to students at School of Library and Information Studies, University of California, Berkeley, notes course structure, assignments, and course evaluation. Approaches to teaching concepts of three types of database systems are discussed and systems used by students in the course are…

  13. The role of databases in areawide pest management

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    A database is a comprehensive collection of related data organized for convenient access, generally in a computer. The evolution of computer software and the need to distinguish the specialized computer systems for storing and manipulating data, stimulated development of database management systems...

  14. High Performance Database Management for Earth Sciences

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rishe, Naphtali; Barton, David; Urban, Frank; Chekmasov, Maxim; Martinez, Maria; Alvarez, Elms; Gutierrez, Martha; Pardo, Philippe

    1998-01-01

    The High Performance Database Research Center at Florida International University is completing the development of a highly parallel database system based on the semantic/object-oriented approach. This system provides exceptional usability and flexibility. It allows shorter application design and programming cycles and gives the user control via an intuitive information structure. It empowers the end-user to pose complex ad hoc decision support queries. Superior efficiency is provided through a high level of optimization, which is transparent to the user. Manifold reduction in storage size is allowed for many applications. This system allows for operability via internet browsers. The system will be used for the NASA Applications Center program to store remote sensing data, as well as for Earth Science applications.

  15. A database management capability for Ada

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chan, Arvola; Danberg, SY; Fox, Stephen; Landers, Terry; Nori, Anil; Smith, John M.

    1986-01-01

    The data requirements of mission critical defense systems have been increasing dramatically. Command and control, intelligence, logistics, and even weapons systems are being required to integrate, process, and share ever increasing volumes of information. To meet this need, systems are now being specified that incorporate data base management subsystems for handling storage and retrieval of information. It is expected that a large number of the next generation of mission critical systems will contain embedded data base management systems. Since the use of Ada has been mandated for most of these systems, it is important to address the issues of providing data base management capabilities that can be closely coupled with Ada. A comprehensive distributed data base management project has been investigated. The key deliverables of this project are three closely related prototype systems implemented in Ada. These three systems are discussed.

  16. Comparing Text, Document, and Relational Database Management Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Clifford

    1990-01-01

    Discusses the critical need for tools to manage, access, and disseminate text and image information ranging from free-form ASCII data to scanned documents stored on optical media. Current types of integrated text/image databases are described and the advancement of technology toward systems that manage large collections of documents made up of…

  17. The ID Database: Managing the Instructional Development Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piña, Anthony A.; Sanford, Barry K.

    2017-01-01

    Management is evolving as a foundational domain to the field of instructional design and technology. However, there are few tools dedicated to the management of instructional design and development projects and activities. In this article, we describe the development, features and implementation of an instructional design database--built from a…

  18. Development of a Relational Database for Learning Management Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deperlioglu, Omer; Sarpkaya, Yilmaz; Ergun, Ertugrul

    2011-01-01

    In today's world, Web-Based Distance Education Systems have a great importance. Web-based Distance Education Systems are usually known as Learning Management Systems (LMS). In this article, a database design, which was developed to create an educational institution as a Learning Management System, is described. In this sense, developed Learning…

  19. Expansion of the MANAGE database with forest and drainage studies

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The “Measured Annual Nutrient loads from AGricultural Environments” (MANAGE) database was published in 2006 to expand an early 1980’s compilation of nutrient export (load) data from agricultural land uses at the field or farm spatial scale. Then in 2008, MANAGE was updated with 15 additional studie...

  20. Geoscience research databases for coastal Alabama ecosystem management

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hummell, Richard L.

    1995-01-01

    Effective management of complex coastal ecosystems necessitates access to scientific knowledge that can be acquired through a multidisciplinary approach involving Federal and State scientists that take advantage of agency expertise and resources for the benefit of all participants working toward a set of common research and management goals. Cooperative geostatic investigations have led toward building databases of fundamental scientific knowledge that can be utilized to manage coastal Alabama's natural and future development. These databases have been used to assess the occurrence and economic potential of hard mineral resources in the Alabama EFZ, and to support oil spill contingency planning and environmental analysis for coastal Alabama.

  1. Relational Information Management Data-Base System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Storaasli, O. O.; Erickson, W. J.; Gray, F. P.; Comfort, D. L.; Wahlstrom, S. O.; Von Limbach, G.

    1985-01-01

    DBMS with several features particularly useful to scientists and engineers. RIM5 interfaced with any application program written in language capable of Calling FORTRAN routines. Applications include data management for Space Shuttle Columbia tiles, aircraft flight tests, high-pressure piping, atmospheric chemistry, census, university registration, CAD/CAM Geometry, and civil-engineering dam construction.

  2. Relational Information Management Data-Base System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Storaasli, O. O.; Erickson, W. J.; Gray, F. P.; Comfort, D. L.; Wahlstrom, S. O.; Von Limbach, G.

    1985-01-01

    DBMS with several features particularly useful to scientists and engineers. RIM5 interfaced with any application program written in language capable of Calling FORTRAN routines. Applications include data management for Space Shuttle Columbia tiles, aircraft flight tests, high-pressure piping, atmospheric chemistry, census, university registration, CAD/CAM Geometry, and civil-engineering dam construction.

  3. An integrated microcomputer system using immobilized cellular electrodes for drug screening.

    PubMed

    Li, X M; Schwartz, R M; Cesar, E Y; Wang, H Y

    1988-01-01

    Biosensors based on immobilized microbial cells were developed for drug screening in our laboratory. Compared with the conventional methods such as diffusion and dilution tests, biosensors have been demonstrated to be superior in sensitivity and require much shorter screening time. An integrated microcomputer system has been developed for data acquisition, database management, and mode of action estimation, which automates the screening processes and reduces the labor requirements significantly.

  4. DOE technology information management system database study report

    SciTech Connect

    Widing, M.A.; Blodgett, D.W.; Braun, M.D.; Jusko, M.J.; Keisler, J.M.; Love, R.J.; Robinson, G.L.

    1994-11-01

    To support the missions of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Special Technologies Program, Argonne National Laboratory is defining the requirements for an automated software system that will search electronic databases on technology. This report examines the work done and results to date. Argonne studied existing commercial and government sources of technology databases in five general areas: on-line services, patent database sources, government sources, aerospace technology sources, and general technology sources. First, it conducted a preliminary investigation of these sources to obtain information on the content, cost, frequency of updates, and other aspects of their databases. The Laboratory then performed detailed examinations of at least one source in each area. On this basis, Argonne recommended which databases should be incorporated in DOE`s Technology Information Management System.

  5. Evidence generation from healthcare databases: recommendations for managing change.

    PubMed

    Bourke, Alison; Bate, Andrew; Sauer, Brian C; Brown, Jeffrey S; Hall, Gillian C

    2016-07-01

    There is an increasing reliance on databases of healthcare records for pharmacoepidemiology and other medical research, and such resources are often accessed over a long period of time so it is vital to consider the impact of changes in data, access methodology and the environment. The authors discuss change in communication and management, and provide a checklist of issues to consider for both database providers and users. The scope of the paper is database research, and changes are considered in relation to the three main components of database research: the data content itself, how it is accessed, and the support and tools needed to use the database. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  6. TRENDS: The aeronautical post-test database management system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bjorkman, W. S.; Bondi, M. J.

    1990-01-01

    TRENDS, an engineering-test database operating system developed by NASA to support rotorcraft flight tests, is described. Capabilities and characteristics of the system are presented, with examples of its use in recalling and analyzing rotorcraft flight-test data from a TRENDS database. The importance of system user-friendliness in gaining users' acceptance is stressed, as is the importance of integrating supporting narrative data with numerical data in engineering-test databases. Considerations relevant to the creation and maintenance of flight-test database are discussed and TRENDS' solutions to database management problems are described. Requirements, constraints, and other considerations which led to the system's configuration are discussed and some of the lessons learned during TRENDS' development are presented. Potential applications of TRENDS to a wide range of aeronautical and other engineering tests are identified.

  7. A survey of commercial object-oriented database management systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Atkins, John

    1992-01-01

    The object-oriented data model is the culmination of over thirty years of database research. Initially, database research focused on the need to provide information in a consistent and efficient manner to the business community. Early data models such as the hierarchical model and the network model met the goal of consistent and efficient access to data and were substantial improvements over simple file mechanisms for storing and accessing data. However, these models required highly skilled programmers to provide access to the data. Consequently, in the early 70's E.F. Codd, an IBM research computer scientists, proposed a new data model based on the simple mathematical notion of the relation. This model is known as the Relational Model. In the relational model, data is represented in flat tables (or relations) which have no physical or internal links between them. The simplicity of this model fostered the development of powerful but relatively simple query languages that now made data directly accessible to the general database user. Except for large, multi-user database systems, a database professional was in general no longer necessary. Database professionals found that traditional data in the form of character data, dates, and numeric data were easily represented and managed via the relational model. Commercial relational database management systems proliferated and performance of relational databases improved dramatically. However, there was a growing community of potential database users whose needs were not met by the relational model. These users needed to store data with data types not available in the relational model and who required a far richer modelling environment than that provided by the relational model. Indeed, the complexity of the objects to be represented in the model mandated a new approach to database technology. The Object-Oriented Model was the result.

  8. The methodology of database design in organization management systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chudinov, I. L.; Osipova, V. V.; Bobrova, Y. V.

    2017-01-01

    The paper describes the unified methodology of database design for management information systems. Designing the conceptual information model for the domain area is the most important and labor-intensive stage in database design. Basing on the proposed integrated approach to design, the conceptual information model, the main principles of developing the relation databases are provided and user’s information needs are considered. According to the methodology, the process of designing the conceptual information model includes three basic stages, which are defined in detail. Finally, the article describes the process of performing the results of analyzing user’s information needs and the rationale for use of classifiers.

  9. A Database of Systems Management Cases

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-09-01

    flaws in the Argyris analysis. Argyris contended that "the case method produced learner problems of conformity, error camouflage, risk minimization, and...would "buy"/take over management of the existing AIL contract. This would decrease the risk associated with th- contract 44 because of Rockwell’s...Irft o 014a00Mad taon. 121 IS 40 eWUM O6ISHihwev l uite 1204. Arlington. ’IA 22202-4302, and to the Oflce of Managemnet and Suidgert PacerwOrs

  10. Universal Disk Controller for Microcomputers.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-12-01

    The research accomplished for this project was not aimed at solving the entire problem, but was focussed on an area which was manageable, and most...CP/M files. CP/M is an operating system for CI microcomputers produced by Digital Research . There are versions of CP/M for a wide variety of...its own disk controller for its domestic file activities. Orer-o Presentation Thefolowig captrsdiscuss the research , design, and implementation of the

  11. 76 FR 59170 - Hartford Financial Services, Inc., Corporate/EIT/CTO Database Management Division, Hartford, CT...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-23

    ... Employment and Training Administration Hartford Financial Services, Inc., Corporate/EIT/CTO Database...) applicable to workers and former workers Hartford Financial Services, Inc., Corporate/EIT/CTO Database Management Division, Hartford, Connecticut (The Hartford, Corporate/EIT/CTO Database Management...

  12. Development of the ageing management database of PUSPATI TRIGA reactor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramli, Nurhayati; Maskin, Mazleha; Tom, Phongsakorn Prak; Husain, Nurfazila; Farid, Mohd Fairus Abd; Ramli, Shaharum; Adnan, Amirul Syazwan; Abidin, Nurul Husna Zainal

    2016-01-01

    Since its first criticality in 1982, PUSPATI TRIGA Reactor (RTP) has been operated for more than 30 years. As RTP become older, ageing problems have been seen to be the prominent issues. In addressing the ageing issues, an Ageing Management (AgeM) database for managing related ageing matters was systematically developed. This paper presents the development of AgeM database taking into account all RTP major Systems, Structures and Components (SSCs) and ageing mechanism of these SSCs through the system surveillance program.

  13. The Database Management Module of the Splice System.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-06-01

    a use= tries to access global daa, -:hs operating system or CBMS calls upon, the di4r=ec-ory tf I r.d the Iccatict of that data. Finally, Kzoenke...AD-A132 795 THE DATABASE MANAGEMENT MODULE OF THE SPLICE SYSTEM U) // NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA E J DIXON JUN 83 UNCLASSIFED / 155 N...SCHOOL cl Monterey, California jY) I SEP 2 2 Q83. THESIS A THE DATABASE MANAGEMENT MODULE OF THE SPLICE SYSTEM by E. Jean Dixon June 1983 Thesis Advisor

  14. Development of the ageing management database of PUSPATI TRIGA reactor

    SciTech Connect

    Ramli, Nurhayati Tom, Phongsakorn Prak; Husain, Nurfazila; Farid, Mohd Fairus Abd; Ramli, Shaharum; Maskin, Mazleha; Adnan, Amirul Syazwan; Abidin, Nurul Husna Zainal

    2016-01-22

    Since its first criticality in 1982, PUSPATI TRIGA Reactor (RTP) has been operated for more than 30 years. As RTP become older, ageing problems have been seen to be the prominent issues. In addressing the ageing issues, an Ageing Management (AgeM) database for managing related ageing matters was systematically developed. This paper presents the development of AgeM database taking into account all RTP major Systems, Structures and Components (SSCs) and ageing mechanism of these SSCs through the system surveillance program.

  15. Doing Physics with Microcomputers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bak, Per

    1983-01-01

    Describes how microcomputers can perform very demanding/large-scale physics calculations at speeds not much slower than those of modern, full-size computers. Among the examples provided are a Monte Carlo simulation of the three-dimensional Ising model and a program (for the Apple microcomputer) using the time-independent Schrodinger Equation. (JN)

  16. Microcomputers in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Turnkey Systems, Inc., Falls Church, VA.

    One of four reports designed to assess the current state of new technologies, the document reviews the status of microcomputers in regular and special education now and for the next five years. Briefly discussed are components, software, and prices of microcomputers. Next addressed are general educational usage for instructional and administrative…

  17. The Microcomputer Revolution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinne, Harold C.

    The history of the development of the microcomputer industry since its inception in 1975 is explored in this brief paper, which pays special attention to the advent of the small business computer. The author describes the growth of sales, the development of successful companies, the early resistance to use of microcomputers in business, and the…

  18. Doing Physics with Microcomputers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bak, Per

    1983-01-01

    Describes how microcomputers can perform very demanding/large-scale physics calculations at speeds not much slower than those of modern, full-size computers. Among the examples provided are a Monte Carlo simulation of the three-dimensional Ising model and a program (for the Apple microcomputer) using the time-independent Schrodinger Equation. (JN)

  19. Microcomputer Troubleshooting Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heiserman, Russell L.

    The microcomputer troubleshooter is regarded as a technically knowledgeable member of the team and is more active in equipment selection, site preparation, site supervision and preventive maintenance, and on-site training of operators, maintenance people, and programmers. Microcomputer troubleshooting can be incorporated into an electronics…

  20. Problem Solving Using Microcomputers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demana, Franklin; Waits, Bert

    1987-01-01

    It is argued that microcomputer technology has evolved to the stage that it should be routinely used by mathematics students at all levels. It is shown how the use of microcomputers can change the way problems are solved. Computer-generated graphics are highlighted. (PK)

  1. Microcomputer Software Collections.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demas, Samuel

    1985-01-01

    Presents overview of special considerations in developing microcomputer software collections, review of standardized cataloging practices, and discussion of problems of selection and acquisition of software. Policies governing loan procedures for microcomputer software which involve four types of copy protection (patent, trade secret, contract,…

  2. Microcomputers "Goto" School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piele, Donald T.

    This paper is a report of a pilot project in which a microcomputer was placed in a sixth grade classroom for eight weeks for the purpose of developing logical thinking skills. Students were first given instruction on how to program the APPLE II microcomputer to draw color graphics designs; they were then given similar problems to solve using the…

  3. The Microcomputer Revolution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinne, Harold C.

    The history of the development of the microcomputer industry since its inception in 1975 is explored in this brief paper, which pays special attention to the advent of the small business computer. The author describes the growth of sales, the development of successful companies, the early resistance to use of microcomputers in business, and the…

  4. Circulation Systems on Microcomputers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Gary

    1984-01-01

    Reports on the use of microcomputers in comprehensive library circulation systems. Topics covered include system requirements (reliability, completeness); determining circulation system needs (saving money, improving service, modernization); limitations of microcomputers (capacity, kinds of data stored, number of stations or terminals); system…

  5. Communications Software for Microcomputers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bruman, Janet L.

    Focusing on the use of microcomputers as "smart terminals" for accessing time-sharing systems for libraries, this document discusses the communications software needed to allow the microcomputer to appear as a terminal to the remote host. The functions which communications software programs are designed to perform are defined and…

  6. Microcomputers for Information Storage and Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanters, Ben

    1983-01-01

    Report on use of the microcomputer for information storage and retrieval (ISR) notes hardware (floppy disks, keyboard, screen, printer); functions of ISR software; standardization of the operating system; database creation; data entry; indexing; search process; choice of ISR software package; software market and user; training and instruction; and…

  7. Use of Knowledge Bases in Education of Database Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radványi, Tibor; Kovács, Emod

    2008-01-01

    In this article we present a segment of Sulinet Digital Knowledgebase curriculum system in which you can find the sections of subject-matter which aid educating the database management. You can follow the order of the course from the beginning when some topics appearance and raise in elementary school, through the topics accomplish in secondary…

  8. Selecting a Relational Database Management System for Library Automation Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shekhel, Alex; O'Brien, Mike

    1989-01-01

    Describes the evaluation of four relational database management systems (RDBMSs) (Informix Turbo, Oracle 6.0 TPS, Unify 2000 and Relational Technology's Ingres 5.0) to determine which is best suited for library automation. The evaluation criteria used to develop a benchmark specifically designed to test RDBMSs for libraries are discussed. (CLB)

  9. Multiresource inventories incorporating GIS, GPS, and database management systems

    Treesearch

    Loukas G. Arvanitis; Balaji Ramachandran; Daniel P. Brackett; Hesham Abd-El Rasol; Xuesong Du

    2000-01-01

    Large-scale natural resource inventories generate enormous data sets. Their effective handling requires a sophisticated database management system. Such a system must be robust enough to efficiently store large amounts of data and flexible enough to allow users to manipulate a wide variety of information. In a pilot project, related to a multiresource inventory of the...

  10. Building a GIS Database for Space and Facilities Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valcik, Nicolas A.; Huesca-Dorantes, Patricia

    2003-01-01

    Growth and technology have driven the University of Texas at Dallas (UTD) to build a geographic information system (GIS) database for its facilities and space management. This chapter reviews several issues concerning this implementation: (1) the challenges involved in implementing the system; (2) the lack of efficiency and accuracy that existed…

  11. Selecting a Relational Database Management System for Library Automation Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shekhel, Alex; O'Brien, Mike

    1989-01-01

    Describes the evaluation of four relational database management systems (RDBMSs) (Informix Turbo, Oracle 6.0 TPS, Unify 2000 and Relational Technology's Ingres 5.0) to determine which is best suited for library automation. The evaluation criteria used to develop a benchmark specifically designed to test RDBMSs for libraries are discussed. (CLB)

  12. Interface between astrophysical datasets and distributed database management systems (DAVID)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Iyengar, S. S.

    1988-01-01

    This is a status report on the progress of the DAVID (Distributed Access View Integrated Database Management System) project being carried out at Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The objective is to implement an interface between Astrophysical datasets and DAVID. Discussed are design details and implementation specifics between DAVID and astrophysical datasets.

  13. Integration of Information Retrieval and Database Management Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deogun, Jitender S.; Raghavan, Vijay V.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses the motivation for integrating information retrieval and database management systems, and proposes a probabilistic retrieval model in which records in a file may be composed of attributes (formatted data items) and descriptors (content indicators). The details and resolutions of difficulties involved in integrating such systems are…

  14. Microcomputer Applications in Analytical Chemistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Long, Joseph W.

    The first part of this paper addresses the following topics: (1) the usefulness of microcomputers; (2) applications for microcomputers in analytical chemistry; (3) costs; (4) major microcomputer systems and subsystems; and (5) which microcomputer to buy. Following these brief comments, the major focus of the paper is devoted to a discussion of…

  15. Microcomputer Applications in Analytical Chemistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Long, Joseph W.

    The first part of this paper addresses the following topics: (1) the usefulness of microcomputers; (2) applications for microcomputers in analytical chemistry; (3) costs; (4) major microcomputer systems and subsystems; and (5) which microcomputer to buy. Following these brief comments, the major focus of the paper is devoted to a discussion of…

  16. Implementation of schema management in STEP-based object-oriented engineering database management system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiao, Ke; Zhao, Zhige; Sun, Jiaguang

    1996-03-01

    Engineering database management system (EDBMS) is the kernel of CAD/CAM system integration, and object-oriented EDBMS (OOEDBMS) is the best implementation. While STEP is becoming the standard of product data exchange and representation, supporting STEP in engineering database becomes more and more important. In this paper we introduce the architecture of STEP based OOEDBMS in our CAD/CAM integrated system GHCAD. We focus on schema management and three-grade database management in OOEDBMS. Topics such as DDL compiler, transformation from EXPRESS to DDL, DDL tools are discussed. Finally further research directions of schema management in OOEDBMS are present.

  17. An image database management system for conducting CAD research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gruszauskas, Nicholas; Drukker, Karen; Giger, Maryellen L.

    2007-03-01

    The development of image databases for CAD research is not a trivial task. The collection and management of images and their related metadata from multiple sources is a time-consuming but necessary process. By standardizing and centralizing the methods in which these data are maintained, one can generate subsets of a larger database that match the specific criteria needed for a particular research project in a quick and efficient manner. A research-oriented management system of this type is highly desirable in a multi-modality CAD research environment. An online, webbased database system for the storage and management of research-specific medical image metadata was designed for use with four modalities of breast imaging: screen-film mammography, full-field digital mammography, breast ultrasound and breast MRI. The system was designed to consolidate data from multiple clinical sources and provide the user with the ability to anonymize the data. Input concerning the type of data to be stored as well as desired searchable parameters was solicited from researchers in each modality. The backbone of the database was created using MySQL. A robust and easy-to-use interface for entering, removing, modifying and searching information in the database was created using HTML and PHP. This standardized system can be accessed using any modern web-browsing software and is fundamental for our various research projects on computer-aided detection, diagnosis, cancer risk assessment, multimodality lesion assessment, and prognosis. Our CAD database system stores large amounts of research-related metadata and successfully generates subsets of cases that match the user's desired search criteria.

  18. Microcomputers: Software Evaluation. Evaluation Guides. Guide Number 17.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Peter J.

    This guide discusses three critical steps in selecting microcomputer software and hardware: setting the context, software evaluation, and managing microcomputer use. Specific topics addressed include: (1) conducting an informal task analysis to determine how the potential user's time is spent; (2) identifying tasks amenable to computerization and…

  19. An Overview of Microcomputers in the Secondary Science Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nakhleh, Mary B.

    1983-01-01

    Advantages and disadvantages of microcomputer use are noted. Computer managed and assisted instruction are discussed, followed by guidelines for software and microcomputer selection. Uses of CAI in the science curriculum are noted: simulation, modeling, gaming, drills, and tutorials. Finally, a project to disseminate instructional materials in…

  20. Management and Planning Issues in the Use of Microcomputers in Schools. Occasional Paper in Educational Planning, Management and Statistics No. 11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lancaster, David

    Reasons underlying the growth of interest in Asia and the Pacific region in educational computing and issues raised by such developments are examined in this paper, which begins by describing three main areas of use of microcomputers in schools--for teaching computer studies, for computer assisted learning, and for school adminstration. Reasons…

  1. Concierge: Personal Database Software for Managing Digital Research Resources

    PubMed Central

    Sakai, Hiroyuki; Aoyama, Toshihiro; Yamaji, Kazutsuna; Usui, Shiro

    2007-01-01

    This article introduces a desktop application, named Concierge, for managing personal digital research resources. Using simple operations, it enables storage of various types of files and indexes them based on content descriptions. A key feature of the software is a high level of extensibility. By installing optional plug-ins, users can customize and extend the usability of the software based on their needs. In this paper, we also introduce a few optional plug-ins: literature management, electronic laboratory notebook, and XooNlps client plug-ins. XooNIps is a content management system developed to share digital research resources among neuroscience communities. It has been adopted as the standard database system in Japanese neuroinformatics projects. Concierge, therefore, offers comprehensive support from management of personal digital research resources to their sharing in open-access neuroinformatics databases such as XooNIps. This interaction between personal and open-access neuroinformatics databases is expected to enhance the dissemination of digital research resources. Concierge is developed as an open source project; Mac OS X and Windows XP versions have been released at the official site (http://concierge.sourceforge.jp). PMID:18974800

  2. Concierge: personal database software for managing digital research resources.

    PubMed

    Sakai, Hiroyuki; Aoyama, Toshihiro; Yamaji, Kazutsuna; Usui, Shiro

    2007-01-01

    This article introduces a desktop application, named Concierge, for managing personal digital research resources. Using simple operations, it enables storage of various types of files and indexes them based on content descriptions. A key feature of the software is a high level of extensibility. By installing optional plug-ins, users can customize and extend the usability of the software based on their needs. In this paper, we also introduce a few optional plug-ins: literature management, electronic laboratory notebook, and XooNlps client plug-ins. XooNIps is a content management system developed to share digital research resources among neuroscience communities. It has been adopted as the standard database system in Japanese neuroinformatics projects. Concierge, therefore, offers comprehensive support from management of personal digital research resources to their sharing in open-access neuroinformatics databases such as XooNIps. This interaction between personal and open-access neuroinformatics databases is expected to enhance the dissemination of digital research resources. Concierge is developed as an open source project; Mac OS X and Windows XP versions have been released at the official site (http://concierge.sourceforge.jp).

  3. Database system for analysing and managing coiled tubing drilling data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suh, J.; Choi, Y.; Park, H.; Choe, J.

    2009-05-01

    This study present a prototype of database system for analysing and managing petrophysical data from coiled tubing drilling in the oil and gas industry. The characteristics of coiled tubing drilling data from cores were analyzed and categorized according to the whole drilling process and data modeling including object relation diagram, class diagram was carried out to design the schema of effective database system such as the relationships between tables and key index fields to create the relationships. The database system called DrillerGeoDB consists of 22 tables and those are classified with 4 groups such as project information, stratum information, drilling/logging information and operation evaluate information. DrillerGeoDB provide all sort of results of each process with a spreadsheet such as MS-Excel via application of various algorithm of logging theory and statistics function of cost evaluation. This presentation describes the details of the system development and implementation.

  4. Region and database management for HANDI 2000 business management system

    SciTech Connect

    Wilson, D.

    1998-08-26

    The Data Integration 2000 Project will result in an integrated and comprehensive set of functional applications containing core information necessary to support the Project Hanford Management Contract. It is based on the Commercial-Off-The-Shelf product solution with commercially proven business processes. The COTS product solution set, of PassPort and People Soft software, supports finance, supply and chemical management/Material Safety Data Sheet, human resources.

  5. Microcomputer Technical Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moursund, David

    1984-01-01

    A rationale for understanding computer operations is given. An overview of microcomputer technology, including an introduction to computer software, hardware, input and output devices, central processing unit, primary and secondary memory, and videodisk interactive systems is presented. (Author/BS)

  6. Microcomputers in Library Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Large, J. A.; Guy, R. F.

    1982-01-01

    Develops a rationale for using microcomputers in the professional education of librarians in such courses as online searching and subject indexing and describes the use of computer assisted instruction at the College of Librarianship in Wales. (JJD)

  7. Microcomputers in Training Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mason, Emanuel J.

    1982-01-01

    Factors in selecting and using microcomputers for school, business, and industry are outlined. Considerations include: (1) computer literacy; (2) networking; (3) training of handicapped people; (4) training and work applications; and (5) technology developments. (FG)

  8. An engineering database management system for spacecraft operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cipollone, Gregorio; Mckay, Michael H.; Paris, Joseph

    1993-01-01

    Studies at ESOC have demonstrated the feasibility of a flexible and powerful Engineering Database Management System in support for spacecraft operations documentation. The objectives set out were three-fold: first an analysis of the problems encountered by the Operations team in obtaining and managing operations documents; secondly, the definition of a concept for operations documentation and the implementation of prototype to prove the feasibility of the concept; and thirdly, definition of standards and protocols required for the exchange of data between the top-level partners in a satellite project. The EDMS prototype was populated with ERS-l satellite design data and has been used by the operations team at ESOC to gather operational experience. An operational EDMS would be implemented at the satellite prime contractor's site as a common database for all technical information surrounding a project and would be accessible by the cocontractor's and ESA teams.

  9. CURRENT STATUS OF THE IAEA'S NET ENABLED WASTE MANAGEMENT DATABASE

    SciTech Connect

    Csullog, G.W.; Pozdniakov, I.; Bellag, M.J.

    2003-02-27

    The International Atomic Energy Agency's Net Enabled Waste Management Database (NEWMDB) contains information on national radioactive waste management programs and organizations, plans and activities, relevant laws and regulations, policies and radioactive waste inventories. The NEWMDB, which was launched on the Internet July 6, 2001, is the successor to the Agency's Waste Management Database (WMDB), which was in use during the 1990's. The NEWMDB's first data collection cycle took place from July 2001 to March 2002. Agency Member State participation in the first data collection cycle was low--only 22 submissions were received. However, the first data collection cycle demonstrated that: the NEWMDB could be used to collect information on national radioactive waste management programs and radioactive waste inventories annually, the NEWMDB data can support the routine reporting of status and trends in radioactive waste management based on quantitative data, the NEWMDB can support the compilation of a consolidated, international radioactive waste inventory based on a unified waste classification scheme, the data needed to compute an indicator of sustainable development for radioactive waste management are available at the national level, NEWMDB data can be used to assess the development and implementation of national systems for radioactive waste management, and the NEWMDB can support the reporting requirements of the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management. Agency Member States that had not made data submissions in the first cycle were asked to submit data during an extension of the first cycle (July 2002--January 2003). When this paper was written, the Agency had conducted two of three international workshops to provide training for future NEWMDB data collection cycles and to compile lessons learned for the first data collection cycle. A third workshop was scheduled for January 2003. This paper provides

  10. Fifty "Best" Database and File Management Packages for Academic Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garten, Edward D.

    1985-01-01

    Lists computer programs selected on basis of following criteria: (1) applicability or easy adaptability to academic or research library environment; (2) operative on three microcomputer brands found in academic and research libraries; (3) good or excellent reviews appearing in software magazines; (4) price ranging from $50-$350. Vendor addresses…

  11. The Oil and Natural Gas Knowledge Management Database from NETL

    DOE Data Explorer

    The Knowledge Management Database (KMD) Portal provides four options for searching the documents and data that NETL-managed oil and gas research has produced over the years for DOE’s Office of Fossil Energy. Information includes R&D carried out under both historical and ongoing DOE oil and gas research and development (R&D). The Document Repository, the CD/DVD Library, the Project Summaries from 1990 to the present, and the Oil and Natural Gas Program Reference Shelf provide a wide range of flexibility and coverage.

  12. A Support Database System for Integrated System Health Management (ISHM)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schmalzel, John; Figueroa, Jorge F.; Turowski, Mark; Morris, John

    2007-01-01

    The development, deployment, operation and maintenance of Integrated Systems Health Management (ISHM) applications require the storage and processing of tremendous amounts of low-level data. This data must be shared in a secure and cost-effective manner between developers, and processed within several heterogeneous architectures. Modern database technology allows this data to be organized efficiently, while ensuring the integrity and security of the data. The extensibility and interoperability of the current database technologies also allows for the creation of an associated support database system. A support database system provides additional capabilities by building applications on top of the database structure. These applications can then be used to support the various technologies in an ISHM architecture. This presentation and paper propose a detailed structure and application description for a support database system, called the Health Assessment Database System (HADS). The HADS provides a shared context for organizing and distributing data as well as a definition of the applications that provide the required data-driven support to ISHM. This approach provides another powerful tool for ISHM developers, while also enabling novel functionality. This functionality includes: automated firmware updating and deployment, algorithm development assistance and electronic datasheet generation. The architecture for the HADS has been developed as part of the ISHM toolset at Stennis Space Center for rocket engine testing. A detailed implementation has begun for the Methane Thruster Testbed Project (MTTP) in order to assist in developing health assessment and anomaly detection algorithms for ISHM. The structure of this implementation is shown in Figure 1. The database structure consists of three primary components: the system hierarchy model, the historical data archive and the firmware codebase. The system hierarchy model replicates the physical relationships between

  13. A multidisciplinary database for geophysical time series management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Montalto, P.; Aliotta, M.; Cassisi, C.; Prestifilippo, M.; Cannata, A.

    2013-12-01

    The variables collected by a sensor network constitute a heterogeneous data source that needs to be properly organized in order to be used in research and geophysical monitoring. With the time series term we refer to a set of observations of a given phenomenon acquired sequentially in time. When the time intervals are equally spaced one speaks of period or sampling frequency. Our work describes in detail a possible methodology for storage and management of time series using a specific data structure. We designed a framework, hereinafter called TSDSystem (Time Series Database System), in order to acquire time series from different data sources and standardize them within a relational database. The operation of standardization provides the ability to perform operations, such as query and visualization, of many measures synchronizing them using a common time scale. The proposed architecture follows a multiple layer paradigm (Loaders layer, Database layer and Business Logic layer). Each layer is specialized in performing particular operations for the reorganization and archiving of data from different sources such as ASCII, Excel, ODBC (Open DataBase Connectivity), file accessible from the Internet (web pages, XML). In particular, the loader layer performs a security check of the working status of each running software through an heartbeat system, in order to automate the discovery of acquisition issues and other warning conditions. Although our system has to manage huge amounts of data, performance is guaranteed by using a smart partitioning table strategy, that keeps balanced the percentage of data stored in each database table. TSDSystem also contains modules for the visualization of acquired data, that provide the possibility to query different time series on a specified time range, or follow the realtime signal acquisition, according to a data access policy from the users.

  14. The Perils of Personals: Microcomputers in Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, David H.

    1985-01-01

    Explores microcomputer revolution and assesses role of microcomputers in libraries. Highlights include characteristics of three types of computers (mainframes, minicomputers, microcomputers); hardware limitations of microcomputers (storage capacity, processing speed); advancing technology; the local area network; software problems; and…

  15. Lessons Learned from Deploying an Analytical Task Management Database

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    O'Neil, Daniel A.; Welch, Clara; Arceneaux, Joshua; Bulgatz, Dennis; Hunt, Mitch; Young, Stephen

    2007-01-01

    Defining requirements, missions, technologies, and concepts for space exploration involves multiple levels of organizations, teams of people with complementary skills, and analytical models and simulations. Analytical activities range from filling a To-Be-Determined (TBD) in a requirement to creating animations and simulations of exploration missions. In a program as large as returning to the Moon, there are hundreds of simultaneous analysis activities. A way to manage and integrate efforts of this magnitude is to deploy a centralized database that provides the capability to define tasks, identify resources, describe products, schedule deliveries, and generate a variety of reports. This paper describes a web-accessible task management system and explains the lessons learned during the development and deployment of the database. Through the database, managers and team leaders can define tasks, establish review schedules, assign teams, link tasks to specific requirements, identify products, and link the task data records to external repositories that contain the products. Data filters and spreadsheet export utilities provide a powerful capability to create custom reports. Import utilities provide a means to populate the database from previously filled form files. Within a four month period, a small team analyzed requirements, developed a prototype, conducted multiple system demonstrations, and deployed a working system supporting hundreds of users across the aeros pace community. Open-source technologies and agile software development techniques, applied by a skilled team enabled this impressive achievement. Topics in the paper cover the web application technologies, agile software development, an overview of the system's functions and features, dealing with increasing scope, and deploying new versions of the system.

  16. Computerized database management system for breast cancer patients.

    PubMed

    Sim, Kok Swee; Chong, Sze Siang; Tso, Chih Ping; Nia, Mohsen Esmaeili; Chong, Aun Kee; Abbas, Siti Fathimah

    2014-01-01

    Data analysis based on breast cancer risk factors such as age, race, breastfeeding, hormone replacement therapy, family history, and obesity was conducted on breast cancer patients using a new enhanced computerized database management system. My Structural Query Language (MySQL) is selected as the application for database management system to store the patient data collected from hospitals in Malaysia. An automatic calculation tool is embedded in this system to assist the data analysis. The results are plotted automatically and a user-friendly graphical user interface is developed that can control the MySQL database. Case studies show breast cancer incidence rate is highest among Malay women, followed by Chinese and Indian. The peak age for breast cancer incidence is from 50 to 59 years old. Results suggest that the chance of developing breast cancer is increased in older women, and reduced with breastfeeding practice. The weight status might affect the breast cancer risk differently. Additional studies are needed to confirm these findings.

  17. Probing Microcomputer-Based Laboratories.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lam, Tom

    1985-01-01

    Microcomputer-based laboratories (MBLs) refer to a laboratory where a microcomputer gathers and displays data directly from the environment. Program listings for a response timer (using game paddles) to illustrate the nature of MBLs are presented. (JN)

  18. Teaching Real Science with a Microcomputer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naiman, Adeline

    1983-01-01

    Discusses various ways science can be taught using microcomputers, including simulations/games which allow large-scale or historic experiments to be replicated on a manageable scale in a brief time. Examples of several computer programs are also presented, including "Experiments in Human Physiology,""Health Awareness…

  19. Criteria for the Evaluation of Microcomputer Courseware.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Vicki Blum

    1983-01-01

    Discusses attributes which are offered as set of standards to judge instructional software--those unique to design of microcomputer courseware and those included in design of all instruction. Curriculum role, modes of interaction, computer managed instruction, graphics, feedback, packaging, and manuals are noted. Fourteen references are included.…

  20. Criteria for the Evaluation of Microcomputer Courseware.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Vicki Blum

    1983-01-01

    Discusses attributes which are offered as set of standards to judge instructional software--those unique to design of microcomputer courseware and those included in design of all instruction. Curriculum role, modes of interaction, computer managed instruction, graphics, feedback, packaging, and manuals are noted. Fourteen references are included.…

  1. Microcomputers in ARL Libraries. SPEC Kit 104.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Research Libraries, Washington, DC. Office of Management Studies.

    This document, the 10th in a series distributed annualy to provide a central source of timely information and materials on the management and operations of large academic and research libraries, presents the results of a 1984 Systems and Procedures Exchange Center (SPEC) survey of microcomputer use in the Association of Research Libraries (ARI)…

  2. Integrating Microcomputing into Preparation Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peseau, Bruce A.

    This paper presents an example of a course syllabus that integrates the use of microcomputers as part of a recommendation that administrators become specialists in microcomputing in their preparatory programs. Computers' dramatically reduced costs, in combination with increased power, has made them easily available in the form of microcomputers.…

  3. Management Guidelines for Database Developers' Teams in Software Development Projects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rusu, Lazar; Lin, Yifeng; Hodosi, Georg

    Worldwide job market for database developers (DBDs) is continually increasing in last several years. In some companies, DBDs are organized as a special team (DBDs team) to support other projects and roles. As a new role, the DBDs team is facing a major problem that there are not any management guidelines for them. The team manager does not know which kinds of tasks should be assigned to this team and what practices should be used during DBDs work. Therefore in this paper we have developed a set of management guidelines, which includes 8 fundamental tasks and 17 practices from software development process, by using two methodologies Capability Maturity Model (CMM) and agile software development in particular Scrum in order to improve the DBDs team work. Moreover the management guidelines developed here has been complemented with practices from authors' experience in this area and has been evaluated in the case of a software company. The management guidelines for DBD teams presented in this paper could be very usefully for other companies too that are using a DBDs team and could contribute towards an increase of the efficiency of these teams in their work on software development projects.

  4. Technology and Microcomputers for an Information Centre/Special Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daehn, Ralph M.

    1984-01-01

    Discusses use of microcomputer hardware and software, telecommunications methods, and advanced library methods to create a specialized information center's database of literature relating to farm machinery and food processing. Systems and services (electronic messaging, serials control, database creation, cataloging, collections, circulation,…

  5. Technology and Microcomputers for an Information Centre/Special Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daehn, Ralph M.

    1984-01-01

    Discusses use of microcomputer hardware and software, telecommunications methods, and advanced library methods to create a specialized information center's database of literature relating to farm machinery and food processing. Systems and services (electronic messaging, serials control, database creation, cataloging, collections, circulation,…

  6. Integrated Electronic Health Record Database Management System: A Proposal.

    PubMed

    Schiza, Eirini C; Panos, George; David, Christiana; Petkov, Nicolai; Schizas, Christos N

    2015-01-01

    eHealth has attained significant importance as a new mechanism for health management and medical practice. However, the technological growth of eHealth is still limited by technical expertise needed to develop appropriate products. Researchers are constantly in a process of developing and testing new software for building and handling Clinical Medical Records, being renamed to Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems; EHRs take full advantage of the technological developments and at the same time provide increased diagnostic and treatment capabilities to doctors. A step to be considered for facilitating this aim is to involve more actively the doctor in building the fundamental steps for creating the EHR system and database. A global clinical patient record database management system can be electronically created by simulating real life medical practice health record taking and utilizing, analyzing the recorded parameters. This proposed approach demonstrates the effective implementation of a universal classic medical record in electronic form, a procedure by which, clinicians are led to utilize algorithms and intelligent systems for their differential diagnosis, final diagnosis and treatment strategies.

  7. Microcomputer Software Technician Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    EASTCONN Regional Educational Services Center, North Windham, CT.

    This curriculum guide, developed for high schools in Connecticut, outlines a 4-year program for training microcomputer software technicians. Following a list of nine general objectives of the program, the guide provides a list of competencies that students are expected to develop in each of the courses of the 4-year program. The guide then…

  8. Storage Media for Microcomputers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trautman, Rodes

    1983-01-01

    Reviews computer storage devices designed to provide additional memory for microcomputers--chips, floppy disks, hard disks, optical disks--and describes how secondary storage is used (file transfer, formatting, ingredients of incompatibility); disk/controller/software triplet; magnetic tape backup; storage volatility; disk emulator; and…

  9. Troubleshooting the Classroom Microcomputer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grandgenett, Neal; Sullivan, Kimber

    1990-01-01

    Provides a checklist for troubleshooting malfunctions in classroom microcomputers and explains steps involved for each component. Areas that are addressed include tools to have available; checking computer cables; disk drives; the computer itself; the monitor, or receiver; printers; and software. (LRW)

  10. Microcomputers in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Cheryl A.

    Designed to answer basic questions educators have about microcomputer hardware and software and their applications in teaching, this paper describes the revolution in computer technology that has resulted from the development of the microchip processor and provides information on the major computer components; i.e.; input, central processing unit,…

  11. Storage Media for Microcomputers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trautman, Rodes

    1983-01-01

    Reviews computer storage devices designed to provide additional memory for microcomputers--chips, floppy disks, hard disks, optical disks--and describes how secondary storage is used (file transfer, formatting, ingredients of incompatibility); disk/controller/software triplet; magnetic tape backup; storage volatility; disk emulator; and…

  12. Teaching with Microcomputers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerber, Michael M.

    1986-01-01

    The introduction to the special section on microcomputers in special education reviews the trend toward increasing computer use, raises such issues as the need for special educators to provide leadership in the use of computers for individualized instruction, and summarizes remaining articles in the section. (DB)

  13. A framework for cross-observatory volcanological database management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aliotta, Marco Antonio; Amore, Mauro; Cannavò, Flavio; Cassisi, Carmelo; D'Agostino, Marcello; Dolce, Mario; Mastrolia, Andrea; Mangiagli, Salvatore; Messina, Giuseppe; Montalto, Placido; Fabio Pisciotta, Antonino; Prestifilippo, Michele; Rossi, Massimo; Scarpato, Giovanni; Torrisi, Orazio

    2017-04-01

    In the last years, it has been clearly shown how the multiparametric approach is the winning strategy to investigate the complex dynamics of the volcanic systems. This involves the use of different sensor networks, each one dedicated to the acquisition of particular data useful for research and monitoring. The increasing interest devoted to the study of volcanological phenomena led the constitution of different research organizations or observatories, also relative to the same volcanoes, which acquire large amounts of data from sensor networks for the multiparametric monitoring. At INGV we developed a framework, hereinafter called TSDSystem (Time Series Database System), which allows to acquire data streams from several geophysical and geochemical permanent sensor networks (also represented by different data sources such as ASCII, ODBC, URL etc.), located on the main volcanic areas of Southern Italy, and relate them within a relational database management system. Furthermore, spatial data related to different dataset are managed using a GIS module for sharing and visualization purpose. The standardization provides the ability to perform operations, such as query and visualization, of many measures synchronizing them using a common space and time scale. In order to share data between INGV observatories, and also with Civil Protection, whose activity is related on the same volcanic districts, we designed a "Master View" system that, starting from the implementation of a number of instances of the TSDSystem framework (one for each observatory), makes possible the joint interrogation of data, both temporal and spatial, on instances located in different observatories, through the use of web services technology (RESTful, SOAP). Similarly, it provides metadata for equipment using standard schemas (such as FDSN StationXML). The "Master View" is also responsible for managing the data policy through a "who owns what" system, which allows you to associate viewing/download of

  14. Web Application Software for Ground Operations Planning Database (GOPDb) Management

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lanham, Clifton; Kallner, Shawn; Gernand, Jeffrey

    2013-01-01

    A Web application facilitates collaborative development of the ground operations planning document. This will reduce costs and development time for new programs by incorporating the data governance, access control, and revision tracking of the ground operations planning data. Ground Operations Planning requires the creation and maintenance of detailed timelines and documentation. The GOPDb Web application was created using state-of-the-art Web 2.0 technologies, and was deployed as SaaS (Software as a Service), with an emphasis on data governance and security needs. Application access is managed using two-factor authentication, with data write permissions tied to user roles and responsibilities. Multiple instances of the application can be deployed on a Web server to meet the robust needs for multiple, future programs with minimal additional cost. This innovation features high availability and scalability, with no additional software that needs to be bought or installed. For data governance and security (data quality, management, business process management, and risk management for data handling), the software uses NAMS. No local copy/cloning of data is permitted. Data change log/tracking is addressed, as well as collaboration, work flow, and process standardization. The software provides on-line documentation and detailed Web-based help. There are multiple ways that this software can be deployed on a Web server to meet ground operations planning needs for future programs. The software could be used to support commercial crew ground operations planning, as well as commercial payload/satellite ground operations planning. The application source code and database schema are owned by NASA.

  15. National Levee Database: monitoring, vulnerability assessment and management in Italy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barbetta, Silvia; Camici, Stefania; Maccioni, Pamela; Moramarco, Tommaso

    2015-04-01

    Italian levees and historical breach failures to be exploited in the framework of an operational procedure addressed to the seepage vulnerability assessment of river reaches where the levee system is an important structural measure against flooding. For its structure, INLED is a dynamic geospatial database with ongoing efforts to add levee data from authorities with the charge of hydraulic risk mitigation. In particular, the database is aimed to provide the available information about: i) location and condition of levees; ii) morphological and geometrical properties; iii) photographic documentation; iv) historical levee failures; v) assessment of vulnerability to overtopping and seepage carried out through a procedure based on simple vulnerability indexes (Camici et al. 2014); vi) management, control and maintenance; vii)flood hazard maps developed by assuming the levee system undamaged/damaged during the flood event. Currently, INLED contains data of levees that are mostly located in the Tiber basin, Central Italy. References Apel H., Merz B. & Thieken A.H. Quantification of uncertainties in flood risk assessments. Int J River Basin Manag 2008, 6, (2), 149-162. Camici S,, Barbetta S., Moramarco T., Levee body vulnerability to seepage: the case study of the levee failure along the Foenna stream on 1st January 2006 (central Italy)", Journal of Flood Risk Management, in press. Colleselli F. Geotechnical problems related to river and channel embankments. Rotterdam, the Netherlands: Springer, 1994. H. R.Wallingford Consultants (HRWC). Risk assessment for flood and coastal defence for strategic planning: high level methodology technical report, London, 2003. Mazzoleni M., Bacchi B., Barontini S., Di Baldassarre G., Pilotti M. & Ranzi R. Flooding hazard mapping in floodplain areas affected by piping breaches in the Po River, Italy. J Hydrol Eng 2014, 19, (4), 717-731.

  16. Cryptanalysis of Password Protection of Oracle Database Management System (DBMS)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koishibayev, Timur; Umarova, Zhanat

    2016-04-01

    This article discusses the currently available encryption algorithms in the Oracle database, also the proposed upgraded encryption algorithm, which consists of 4 steps. In conclusion we make an analysis of password encryption of Oracle Database.

  17. Management of the life and death of an earth-science database: some examples from geotherm

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bliss, J.D.

    1986-01-01

    Productive earth-science databases require managers who are familiar with and skilled at using available software developed specifically for database management. There also should be a primary user with a clearly understood mission. The geologic phenomenon addressed by the database must be sufficiently understood, and adequate appropriate data must be available to construct a useful database. The database manager, in concert with the primary user, must ensure that data of adequate quality are available in the database, as well as prepare for mechanisms of releasing the data when the database is terminated. The primary user needs to be held accountable along with the database manager to ensure that a useful database will be created. Quality of data and maintenance of database relevancy to the user's mission are important issues during the database's lifetime. Products prepared at termination may be used more than the operational database and thus are of critical importance. These concepts are based, in part, on both the shortcomings and successes of GEOTHERM, a comprehensive system of databases and software used to store, locate, and evaluate the geology, geochemistry, and hydrology of geothermal systems. ?? 1986.

  18. Training to Use Microcomputers for Accounting Procedures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halvorsen, Nancy

    1982-01-01

    Discusses microcomputer instruction as an addition to the accounting curriculum and various elements to consider: equipment configuration needed, instructor training, adapting the microcomputer to the classroom, and outcomes of microcomputer use. (CT)

  19. The Microcomputer in the Library: I. Introduction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leggate, Peter; Dyer, Hilary

    1985-01-01

    This first in a series of six articles introducing microcomputer applications in smaller libraries discusses microcomputer components (hardware, operating systems, applications software); microcomputer history; current hardware; library applications; performance criteria; factors influencing performance; integrated systems; information retrieval;…

  20. TLC for Growing Minds. Microcomputer Projects. Elementary Intermediate Microcomputer Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buxton, Marilyn

    Designed to improve students' thinking, learning, and creative skills while they learn to program a microcomputer in BASIC programing language, this book for intermediate learners at the elementary school level provides a variety of microcomputer activities designed to extend the concepts learned in accompanying instructional manuals (Volumes 3…

  1. The Pan-STARRS Object Data Manager Database

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heasley, James N.; Nieto-Santisteban, M.; Szalay, A.; Thakar, A.

    2007-05-01

    The Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System (Pan-STARRS) project is an observing system to support wide-field survey observing programs for a multitude of scientific objectives. The composite images of the sky that will be produced over the 3.5 year mission of the PS-1 prototype telescope are expected to yield over 5 billion distinct objects. A significant fraction of these sources will be measured up 60 times through filters on the Sloan g, r, i, z, and y system thus providing information on their time history. A major challenge for the Pan-STARRS project has been the design of our database, the Object Data Manager (ODM), that will keep track of the catalogs of these objects in the stationary sky, their associated time-history of detections, and provide an interface that will allow users to access these data. The ODM is a key component of the Pan-STARRS Published Sciences Products Subsystem (PSPS). In this poster we describe the the challenges presented by the ODM design, how it fits into the PSPS, and the prototype design we are working on to build an ODM that will handle an order of magnitude more distinct objects found in either the SDSS or 2MASS surveys.

  2. Integrating a medical database and advisory system.

    PubMed

    Goodyear, O M; Hobsley, M; Jameson, D G; Scurr, J; Shamsolmaali, A

    1991-01-01

    A system is described which incorporates the use of a diagnostic and treatment advice expert system into the routine information-handling functions of a surgical breast clinic. The main focus of the system is on identification and management of non-malignant breast disease. The advisor is linked with a clinical database which is used to hold summary case notes, and from which reports forming the basis for audit of case-mix and resource utilization can be produced. The system uses backward chaining of extended production rules and a relational database, and runs on a desktop microcomputer.

  3. Exercise, Health, and the Microcomputer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Felts, W. Michael; And Others

    1983-01-01

    The microcomputer can be an important tool for the health educator faced with the task of designing exercise programs for a variety of individuals in community or worksite settings. The EXERFIT exercise prescription program at the University of Maryland illustrates an application of the microcomputer. (CJ)

  4. Early Childhood Education and Microcomputers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Marjorie W.

    Soon families of every socioeconomic level will have microcomputers in their homes. Most classrooms and probably all schools will have at least one such machine. Many potential advantages may result from the involvement of young children with microcomputers. Some of these are the stimulation of reflective thinking, the development of cognitive…

  5. Microcomputer Competencies for Vocational Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roth, Gene L.; Tesolowski, Dennis G.

    1984-01-01

    This joint research and development project of two state departments of education used the DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process to identify microcomputer competencies for vocational instructors. Brainstorming techniques were used to identify five categories of microcomputer applications and to determine which competencies belonged in each…

  6. Chips and Diodes of Microcomputers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherbon, James W.

    1983-01-01

    Common computer terminology, microcomputer systems, peripheral equipment, and internal workings are discussed. Factors affecting establishment of a microcomputer in a music department are objectives and needs, available or easily created software, and hardware configurations that fit budgets yet provide needed power and flexibility. (KC)

  7. Microcomputers in the Media Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherouse, Vicki, Ed.; Post, Richard, Ed.

    Produced to provide educators and library media personnel with some understanding of and direction in the rapidly expanding field of microcomputers and their applications, this monograph includes several articles dealing specifically with media center applications and others concerned more generally with the microcomputer in educational settings.…

  8. Microcomputer Software for Vocational Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levy, Laurie, Comp.

    This listing offers educators a resource for locating microcomputer software to meet the specific needs of their vocational programs and students. Approximately 650 separate items of microcomputer software for vocational education programs are included. The software is categorized under 10 skill areas: agriculture, business, careers, computer…

  9. Trends In Microcomputer Image Processing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Strum, William E.

    1988-05-01

    We have seen, in the last four years, the microcomputer become the platform of choice for many image processing applications. By 1991, Frost and Sullivan forecasts that 75% of all image processing will be carried out on microcomputers. Many factors have contributed to this trend and will be discussed in the following paper.

  10. Microcomputers: Applications in Vocational Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodenstein, Judith, Ed.; Lambert, Roger, Ed.

    This handbook was assembled for vocational educators so that they can see the applications of microcomputers in both their instructional and administrative tasks. The 22 papers included in the handbook were written by educators who are and have been using microcomputers extensively in their work. The first section of the handbook discusses the…

  11. A General Introduction to Microcomputers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muiznieks, Viktors

    This basic introduction to microcomputers provides the neophyte with the terminology, definitions, and concepts that explain the microcomputer and computing technology in general. Mathematical operations with binary numbers, computer storage, controlling logic, and the concepts of stack and interrupt are explained. (RAO)

  12. Microcomputer Use in Collection Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welsch, Erwin K.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Describes different applications of microcomputers for acquisitions and collection development in three of the university libraries at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Highlights include differences in hardware and software for similar tasks, utilization problems, generalizations about strategies for effective microcomputer use in collection…

  13. Microcomputers and School Libraries in the United Kingdom: Part II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pain-Lewins, Helen; Watson, Linda

    1990-01-01

    Describes study of seven local education authorities in the United Kingdom which was conducted to discover how models of microcomputer use were being adopted by school libraries. Highlights include database information retrieval; computerized catalogs; improving students' information-handling skills; curriculum-centered plans; integrated systems;…

  14. User's guide to FBASE: Relational database software for managing R1/R4 (Northern/Intermountain Regions) fish habitat inventory data

    Treesearch

    Sherry P. Wollrab

    1999-01-01

    FBASE is a microcomputer relational database package that handles data collected using the R1/R4 Fish and Fish Habitat Standard Inventory Procedures (Overton and others 1997). FBASE contains standard data entry screens, data validations for quality control, data maintenance features, and summary report options. This program also prepares data for importation into an...

  15. Keeping Track of Our Treasures: Managing Historical Data with Relational Database Software.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gutmann, Myron P.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Describes the way a relational database management system manages a large historical data collection project. Shows that such databases are practical to construct. States that the programing tasks involved are not for beginners, but the rewards of having data organized are worthwhile. (GG)

  16. Health technology management: a database analysis as support of technology managers in hospitals.

    PubMed

    Miniati, Roberto; Dori, Fabrizio; Iadanza, Ernesto; Fregonara, Mario M; Gentili, Guido Biffi

    2011-01-01

    Technology management in healthcare must continually respond and adapt itself to new improvements in medical equipment. Multidisciplinary approaches which consider the interaction of different technologies, their use and user skills, are necessary in order to improve safety and quality. An easy and sustainable methodology is vital to Clinical Engineering (CE) services in healthcare organizations in order to define criteria regarding technology acquisition and replacement. This article underlines the critical aspects of technology management in hospitals by providing appropriate indicators for benchmarking CE services exclusively referring to the maintenance database from the CE department at the Careggi Hospital in Florence, Italy.

  17. The Impact of Microcomputers on Rural Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Frank A.

    This review of articles and facts about microcomputers focuses on the development of hardware and software and the use of microcomputers in education, particularly rural education. In addition to presenting a brief history of microcomputers, the review presents information regarding the costs and brands of microcomputers; the development, use,…

  18. On Some Applications of Microcomputers in Teleinformatics,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-03-02

    called *: microcomputers. The present article is an attempt to outline the place and role of : microprocessors and microcomputers n teleinformatics...for this situation is that the current applications of telecomunications for voice and digital data transmission are in constant develop- sent, which... article will be devoted exclusively to microcomputers used in teleinformatics equipment, systems and networks. The Place of Microcomputers in

  19. Database Design Methodology and Database Management System for Computer-Aided Structural Design Optimization.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-12-01

    1983). Several researchers Lillehagen and Dokkar (1982), Grabowski, Eigener and Ranch (1978), and Eberlein and Wedekind (1982) have worked on database...Proceedings of International Federation of Information Processing. pp. 335-366. Eberlein, W. and Wedekind , H., 1982, "A Methodology for Embedding Design

  20. A Vibroacoustic Database Management Center for Shuttle and expendable launch vehicle payloads

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thomas, Valerie C.

    1987-01-01

    A Vibroacoustic Database Management Center has recently been established at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). The center uses the Vibroacoustic Payload Environment Prediction System (VAPEPS) computer program to maintain a database of flight and ground-test data and structural parameters for both Shuttle and expendable launch-vehicle payloads. Given the launch-vehicle environment, the VAPEPS prediction software, which employs Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) methods, can be used with or without the database to establish the vibroacoustic environment for new payload components. This paper summarizes the VAPEPS program and describes the functions of the Database Management Center at JPL.

  1. A Vibroacoustic Database Management Center for Shuttle and expendable launch vehicle payloads

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thomas, Valerie C.

    1987-01-01

    A Vibroacoustic Database Management Center has recently been established at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). The center uses the Vibroacoustic Payload Environment Prediction System (VAPEPS) computer program to maintain a database of flight and ground-test data and structural parameters for both Shuttle and expendable launch-vehicle payloads. Given the launch-vehicle environment, the VAPEPS prediction software, which employs Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) methods, can be used with or without the database to establish the vibroacoustic environment for new payload components. This paper summarizes the VAPEPS program and describes the functions of the Database Management Center at JPL.

  2. Information survey for microcomputer systems integration

    SciTech Connect

    Hake, K.A.

    1991-12-01

    One goal of the PM-AIM is to provide US Army Project Managers (PMs) and Project Executive Officers (PEOs) with a fundamental microcomputing resource to help perform acquisition information management and its concomitant reporting requirements. Providing key application software represents one means of accomplishing this goal. This workstation would furnish a broad range of capabilities needed in the PM and PEO office settings as well as software tools for specific project management and acquisition information. Although still in the conceptual phase, the practical result of this exercise in systems integration will likely be a system called the Project Manager`s Information System (PMIS) or the AIM workstation. It would include such software as, Project Manager`s System Software (PMSS), Defense Acquisition Executive Summary (DAES), and Consolidated Acquisition Reporting System (CARS) and would conform to open systems architecture as accepted by the Department of Defense. ORNL has assisted PM-AIM in the development of technology ideas for the PMIS workstation concept. This paper represents the compilation of information gained during this process. This information is presented as a body of knowledge (or knowledge domain) defining the complex technology of microcomputing. The concept of systems integration or tying together all hardware and software components reflects the nature of PM-AIM`s task in attempting to field a PMIS or AIM workstation.

  3. Improving the Use of Microcomputers in the Administration of Adult Basic Education. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Richard W.; Evans, Mary M.

    The major goal of a program was to improve the use of microcomputers in the management of New York State's adult basic education programs. Subgoals were optimizing the use of available microcomputer facilities, aiding the largest number of programs permitted by project funds, serving the particular needs of individual programs, and maximizing the…

  4. Microcomputers and Evaluation Research: Potential Benefits and Problems. Paper and Report Series, No. 98.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Peter J.

    This paper deals with two questions: (1) what are the the applications that might be made of microcomputers in evaluation? and (2) what are the kinds of problems (personnel, organizational, and technical) that must be overcome if microcomputers are to be used effectively? The applications include proposals and planning, management, data…

  5. The Development and Application of Advanced Video and Microcomputer- Based Command and Control (C2) Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-12-01

    video recorders; microcomputers; spatial data management; shared data microcomputer software design; 6502 Microprocessor; APPLE II M AUSTRAC -T (CaeUE...maintain a key role in supporting the continued development of the technology. In 1979, work began at the Computer Corporation of Amer- ica to

  6. Information Resources on Microcomputers in Library Instruction. A Selected ERIC Bibliography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Information Resources, Syracuse, NY.

    Nine articles published between 1981 and 1984 and cited in "Resources in Education" and "Current Index to Journals in Education" are listed in this bibliography on uses of microcomputers in library instruction. Emphasis is on how school libraries are using the microcomputer as educational media and library management tools. Topics include the…

  7. An Object-Oriented Approach to Security Policies and their Access Controls for Database Management

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-09-01

    single object-oriented database management system . 20 L)ISTRIB8UTION’AVA" AE’U V OF ABSI RACT III AB3STnAC Sz URi lTYCLASi~CA lION 3UNCLASSIFIED...intended for managing production or design assemblies. Thus, the hierarchical data- base system is good for keeping track of product or design assemblies...models and their database systems for oer security applications. Since the use of object-ori- ented approaches to the secure database management is a

  8. Application of cloud database in the management of clinical data of patients with skin diseases.

    PubMed

    Mao, Xiao-fei; Liu, Rui; DU, Wei; Fan, Xue; Chen, Dian; Zuo, Ya-gang; Sun, Qiu-ning

    2015-04-01

    To evaluate the needs and applications of using cloud database in the daily practice of dermatology department. The cloud database was established for systemic scleroderma and localized scleroderma. Paper forms were used to record the original data including personal information, pictures, specimens, blood biochemical indicators, skin lesions,and scores of self-rating scales. The results were input into the cloud database. The applications of the cloud database in the dermatology department were summarized and analyzed. The personal and clinical information of 215 systemic scleroderma patients and 522 localized scleroderma patients were included and analyzed using the cloud database. The disease status,quality of life, and prognosis were obtained by statistical calculations. The cloud database can efficiently and rapidly store and manage the data of patients with skin diseases. As a simple, prompt, safe, and convenient tool, it can be used in patients information management, clinical decision-making, and scientific research.

  9. A convenient and adaptable microcomputer environment for DNA and protein sequence manipulation and analysis.

    PubMed Central

    Pustell, J; Kafatos, F C

    1986-01-01

    We describe the further development of a widely used package of DNA and protein sequence analysis programs for microcomputers (1,2,3). The package now provides a screen oriented user interface, and an enhanced working environment with powerful formatting, disk access, and memory management tools. The new GenBank floppy disk database is supported transparently to the user and a similar version of the NBRF protein database is provided. The programs can use sequence file annotation to automatically annotate printouts and translate or extract specified regions from sequences by name. The sequence comparison programs can now perform a 5000 X 5000 bp analysis in 12 minutes on an IBM PC. A program to locate potential protein coding regions in nucleic acids, a digitizer interface, and other additions are also described. PMID:3753784

  10. GAS CHROMATOGRAPHIC RETENTION PARAMETERS DATABASE FOR REFRIGERANT MIXTURE COMPOSITION MANAGEMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Composition management of mixed refrigerant systems is a challenging problem in the laboratory, manufacturing facilities, and large refrigeration machinery. Ths issue of composition management is especially critical for the maintenance of machinery that utilizes zeotropic mixture...

  11. Design, Development and Utilization Perspectives on Database Management Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shneiderman, Ben

    1977-01-01

    This paper reviews the historical development of integrated data base management systems and examines competing approaches. Topics include management and utilization, implementation and design, query languages, security, integrity, privacy and concurrency. (Author/KP)

  12. GAS CHROMATOGRAPHIC RETENTION PARAMETERS DATABASE FOR REFRIGERANT MIXTURE COMPOSITION MANAGEMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Composition management of mixed refrigerant systems is a challenging problem in the laboratory, manufacturing facilities, and large refrigeration machinery. Ths issue of composition management is especially critical for the maintenance of machinery that utilizes zeotropic mixture...

  13. Interfacing Microcomputers with Laboratory Instruments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Long, Joseph W.

    1983-01-01

    Describes development of microcomputer-controlled gamma scintillation spectrometer and chromatographic data analyzer, including design and construction of interface electronics and production of software. Includes diagrams of electric circuits and project evaluation indicating that both instruments functioned as intended. (JN)

  14. Using Microcomputers for Institutional Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suttle, J. Lloyd

    1984-01-01

    Many institutional researchers will find that the microcomputer leads to greater efficiency in everything that they do, especially in the two most critical elements of their jobs: thinking and communicating. (Author/MLW)

  15. Simple Interval Timers for Microcomputers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McInerney, M.; Burgess, G.

    1985-01-01

    Discusses simple interval timers for microcomputers, including (1) the Jiffy clock; (2) CPU count timers; (3) screen count timers; (4) light pen timers; and (5) chip timers. Also examines some of the general characteristics of all types of timers. (JN)

  16. Microcomputer Systems for Medical Researchers

    PubMed Central

    Bassler, Richard A.

    1982-01-01

    A bewildering array of choices awaits the medical researchers in the selection of microcomputer systems. These are real computers capable of producing real products. Choosing one is difficult. Software is the starting point. Inexpensive computing is possible for everyone.

  17. Knowledge Based Engineering for Spatial Database Management and Use

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Peuquet, D. (Principal Investigator)

    1984-01-01

    The use of artificial intelligence techniques that are applicable to Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are examined. Questions involving the performance and modification to the database structure, the definition of spectra in quadtree structures and their use in search heuristics, extension of the knowledge base, and learning algorithm concepts are investigated.

  18. A Web Database To Manage and Organize ANSI Standards Collections.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matylonek, John C.; Peasley, Maren

    2001-01-01

    Discusses collections of standards by ANSI (American National Standards Institute) and the problems they create for technical libraries. Describes a custom-designed Web database at Oregon State University that is linked to online catalog records, thus enhancing access to the standards collection. (LRW)

  19. Knowledge Based Engineering for Spatial Database Management and Use

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Peuquet, D. (Principal Investigator)

    1984-01-01

    The use of artificial intelligence techniques that are applicable to Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are examined. Questions involving the performance and modification to the database structure, the definition of spectra in quadtree structures and their use in search heuristics, extension of the knowledge base, and learning algorithm concepts are investigated.

  20. Database Program To Manage Slides and Images for Teaching and Presentations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byers, John A.

    1999-01-01

    Describes a computer program that manages a collection of pictures such as photographic slides, overheads, or computer images in one or more databases. Discusses organizing the database, searching, and keeping track of the time needed to present the images. (Author/LRW)

  1. Use of an administrative database to determine clinical management and outcomes in congenital heart disease.

    PubMed

    Gutgesell, Howard P; Hillman, Diane G; McHugh, Kimberly E; Dean, Peter; Matherne, G Paul

    2011-10-01

    We review our 16-year experience using the large, multi-institutional database of the University HealthSystem Consortium to study management and outcomes in congenital heart surgery for hypoplastic left heart syndrome, transposition of the great arteries, and neonatal coarctation. The advantages, limitations, and use of administrative databases by others to study congenital heart surgery are reviewed.

  2. Information survey for microcomputer systems integration

    SciTech Connect

    Hake, K.A.

    1991-12-01

    One goal of the PM-AIM is to provide US Army Project Managers (PMs) and Project Executive Officers (PEOs) with a fundamental microcomputing resource to help perform acquisition information management and its concomitant reporting requirements. Providing key application software represents one means of accomplishing this goal. This workstation would furnish a broad range of capabilities needed in the PM and PEO office settings as well as software tools for specific project management and acquisition information. Although still in the conceptual phase, the practical result of this exercise in systems integration will likely be a system called the Project Manager's Information System (PMIS) or the AIM workstation. It would include such software as, Project Manager's System Software (PMSS), Defense Acquisition Executive Summary (DAES), and Consolidated Acquisition Reporting System (CARS) and would conform to open systems architecture as accepted by the Department of Defense. ORNL has assisted PM-AIM in the development of technology ideas for the PMIS workstation concept. This paper represents the compilation of information gained during this process. This information is presented as a body of knowledge (or knowledge domain) defining the complex technology of microcomputing. The concept of systems integration or tying together all hardware and software components reflects the nature of PM-AIM's task in attempting to field a PMIS or AIM workstation.

  3. Zebrafish Database: Customizable, Free, and Open-Source Solution for Facility Management.

    PubMed

    Yakulov, Toma Antonov; Walz, Gerd

    2015-12-01

    Zebrafish Database is a web-based customizable database solution, which can be easily adapted to serve both single laboratories and facilities housing thousands of zebrafish lines. The database allows the users to keep track of details regarding the various genomic features, zebrafish lines, zebrafish batches, and their respective locations. Advanced search and reporting options are available. Unique features are the ability to upload files and images that are associated with the respective records and an integrated calendar component that supports multiple calendars and categories. Built on the basis of the Joomla content management system, the Zebrafish Database is easily extendable without the need for advanced programming skills.

  4. Military services fitness database: development of a computerized physical fitness and weight management database for the U.S. Army.

    PubMed

    Williamson, Donald A; Bathalon, Gaston P; Sigrist, Lori D; Allen, H Raymond; Friedl, Karl E; Young, Andrew J; Martin, Corby K; Stewart, Tiffany M; Burrell, Lolita; Han, Hongmei; Hubbard, Van S; Ryan, Donna

    2009-01-01

    The Department of Defense (DoD) has mandated development of a system to collect and manage data on the weight, percent body fat (%BF), and fitness of all military personnel. This project aimed to (1) develop a computerized weight and fitness database to track individuals and Army units over time allowing cross-sectional and longitudinal evaluations and (2) test the computerized system for feasibility and integrity of data collection over several years of usage. The computer application, the Military Services Fitness Database (MSFD), was designed for (1) storage and tracking of data related to height, weight, %BF for the Army Weight Control Program (AWCP) and Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) scores and (2) generation of reports using these data. A 2.5-year pilot test of the MSFD indicated that it monitors population and individual trends of changing body weight, %BF, and fitness in a military population.

  5. Military Services Fitness Database: Development of a Computerized Physical Fitness and Weight Management Database for the U.S. Army

    PubMed Central

    Williamson, Donald A.; Bathalon, Gaston P.; Sigrist, Lori D.; Allen, H. Raymond; Friedl, Karl E.; Young, Andrew J.; Martin, Corby K.; Stewart, Tiffany M.; Burrell, Lolita; Han, Hongmei; Hubbard, Van S.; Ryan, Donna

    2009-01-01

    The Department of Defense (DoD) has mandated development of a system to collect and manage data on the weight, percent body fat (%BF), and fitness of all military personnel. This project aimed to (1) develop a computerized weight and fitness database to track individuals and Army units over time allowing cross-sectional and longitudinal evaluations and (2) test the computerized system for feasibility and integrity of data collection over several years of usage. The computer application, the Military Services Fitness Database (MSFD), was designed for (1) storage and tracking of data related to height, weight, %BF for the Army Weight Control Program (AWCP) and Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) scores and (2) generation of reports using these data. A 2.5-year pilot test of the MSFD indicated that it monitors population and individual trends of changing body weight, %BF, and fitness in a military population. PMID:19216292

  6. Survey of standards applicable to a database management system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Urena, J. L.

    1981-01-01

    Industry, government, and NASA standards, and the status of standardization activities of standards setting organizations applicable to the design, implementation and operation of a data base management system for space related applications are identified. The applicability of the standards to a general purpose, multimission data base management system is addressed.

  7. [Role and management of cancer clinical database in the application of gastric cancer precision medicine].

    PubMed

    Li, Yuanfang; Zhou, Zhiwei

    2016-02-01

    Precision medicine is a new medical concept and medical model, which is based on personalized medicine, rapid progress of genome sequencing technology and cross application of biological information and big data science. Precision medicine improves the diagnosis and treatment of gastric cancer to provide more convenience through more profound analyses of characteristics, pathogenesis and other core issues in gastric cancer. Cancer clinical database is important to promote the development of precision medicine. Therefore, it is necessary to pay close attention to the construction and management of the database. The clinical database of Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center is composed of medical record database, blood specimen bank, tissue bank and medical imaging database. In order to ensure the good quality of the database, the design and management of the database should follow the strict standard operation procedure(SOP) model. Data sharing is an important way to improve medical research in the era of medical big data. The construction and management of clinical database must also be strengthened and innovated.

  8. A new Volcanic managEment Risk Database desIgn (VERDI): Application to El Hierro Island (Canary Islands)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bartolini, S.; Becerril, L.; Martí, J.

    2014-11-01

    One of the most important issues in modern volcanology is the assessment of volcanic risk, which will depend - among other factors - on both the quantity and quality of the available data and an optimum storage mechanism. This will require the design of purpose-built databases that take into account data format and availability and afford easy data storage and sharing, and will provide for a more complete risk assessment that combines different analyses but avoids any duplication of information. Data contained in any such database should facilitate spatial and temporal analysis that will (1) produce probabilistic hazard models for future vent opening, (2) simulate volcanic hazards and (3) assess their socio-economic impact. We describe the design of a new spatial database structure, VERDI (Volcanic managEment Risk Database desIgn), which allows different types of data, including geological, volcanological, meteorological, monitoring and socio-economic information, to be manipulated, organized and managed. The root of the question is to ensure that VERDI will serve as a tool for connecting different kinds of data sources, GIS platforms and modeling applications. We present an overview of the database design, its components and the attributes that play an important role in the database model. The potential of the VERDI structure and the possibilities it offers in regard to data organization are here shown through its application on El Hierro (Canary Islands). The VERDI database will provide scientists and decision makers with a useful tool that will assist to conduct volcanic risk assessment and management.

  9. Microcomputer stratigraphic applications

    SciTech Connect

    Choyce, R.

    1984-04-01

    With the advent of large-capacity computer files, interactive languages for retrieval of large data bases, and low-cost effective microcomputers, the approach to stratigraphic analysis has been dramatically improved. In terms of immediate payoff, the computer assumes the role of retriever and data presenter, while the geologist concentrates on analysis of retrieved data. The biggest benefit of these new approaches is a measurable increase in productivity for the geologist. Through use of the computer, gathering and interpretive data from sample logs are greatly facilitated. With the computer, logs are encoded electronically for access by the geologist via a computer terminal, and analysis of the data is accomplished interactively. The process obviates the need for the time-consuming process of locating the appropriate logs, hanging them for analysis, and researching each log to locate appropriate intervals for correlation and interpretation. Recent studies indicate that through computerized approaches, time required for these steps is vastly diminished, and resulting productivity is 40-80% greater than with conventional manual methods. A by-product of this approach results from the data being created in a form that lends itself to graphic presentation upon demand by the geologist. This avoids the time-consuming delays inherent in interrelating with the computing department for mapping requests to ensure that the results of the analysis are as expected. With the computer, many kinds of maps become practical to produce from the terminal, including base maps, cross sections, and lithofacies, structures, and isopach maps.

  10. PACSY, a relational database management system for protein structure and chemical shift analysis.

    PubMed

    Lee, Woonghee; Yu, Wookyung; Kim, Suhkmann; Chang, Iksoo; Lee, Weontae; Markley, John L

    2012-10-01

    PACSY (Protein structure And Chemical Shift NMR spectroscopY) is a relational database management system that integrates information from the Protein Data Bank, the Biological Magnetic Resonance Data Bank, and the Structural Classification of Proteins database. PACSY provides three-dimensional coordinates and chemical shifts of atoms along with derived information such as torsion angles, solvent accessible surface areas, and hydrophobicity scales. PACSY consists of six relational table types linked to one another for coherence by key identification numbers. Database queries are enabled by advanced search functions supported by an RDBMS server such as MySQL or PostgreSQL. PACSY enables users to search for combinations of information from different database sources in support of their research. Two software packages, PACSY Maker for database creation and PACSY Analyzer for database analysis, are available from http://pacsy.nmrfam.wisc.edu.

  11. Microcomputers in the Research Office.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daly, Brian E.

    There are three valuable types of computer software needed by the professional researcher--word processing, spreadsheet, and database management. In general, these packages are required for the effective operation of offices; however, researchers may have special needs which can only be met with more specialized software. Recently, word processing…

  12. Microcomputers in the Research Office.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daly, Brian E.

    There are three valuable types of computer software needed by the professional researcher--word processing, spreadsheet, and database management. In general, these packages are required for the effective operation of offices; however, researchers may have special needs which can only be met with more specialized software. Recently, word processing…

  13. Application of a Database System for Korean Military Personnel Management.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-03-01

    at the top of the tree is called the root. Every node of a. tree has a parent -the node immediately above it. Figure 3.6 shows a tree relationship. (2...more. than one parent , as long as the parents are diterent types of 6Deen S. M., undamentals o/ Database Systems, p.134,H-ayden book company INC...in the *i--------CAREERS f’ile, check to see if nersonnel *--------order Already exists in the CARERS file. CASE FOUNDO( FIND &sns COPY TO temp WHILE

  14. PylotDB - A Database Management, Graphing, and Analysis Tool Written in Python

    SciTech Connect

    Barnette, Daniel W.

    2012-01-04

    PylotDB, written completely in Python, provides a user interface (UI) with which to interact with, analyze, graph data from, and manage open source databases such as MySQL. The UI mitigates the user having to know in-depth knowledge of the database application programming interface (API). PylotDB allows the user to generate various kinds of plots from user-selected data; generate statistical information on text as well as numerical fields; backup and restore databases; compare database tables across different databases as well as across different servers; extract information from any field to create new fields; generate, edit, and delete databases, tables, and fields; generate or read into a table CSV data; and similar operations. Since much of the database information is brought under control of the Python computer language, PylotDB is not intended for huge databases for which MySQL and Oracle, for example, are better suited. PylotDB is better suited for smaller databases that might be typically needed in a small research group situation. PylotDB can also be used as a learning tool for database applications in general.

  15. PylotDB - A Database Management, Graphing, and Analysis Tool Written in Python

    SciTech Connect

    Barnette, Daniel W.

    2012-01-04

    PylotDB, written completely in Python, provides a user interface (UI) with which to interact with, analyze, graph data from, and manage open source databases such as MySQL. The UI mitigates the user having to know in-depth knowledge of the database application programming interface (API). PylotDB allows the user to generate various kinds of plots from user-selected data; generate statistical information on text as well as numerical fields; backup and restore databases; compare database tables across different databases as well as across different servers; extract information from any field to create new fields; generate, edit, and delete databases, tables, and fields; generate or read into a table CSV data; and similar operations. Since much of the database information is brought under control of the Python computer language, PylotDB is not intended for huge databases for which MySQL and Oracle, for example, are better suited. PylotDB is better suited for smaller databases that might be typically needed in a small research group situation. PylotDB can also be used as a learning tool for database applications in general.

  16. Generic Natural Systems Evaluation - Thermodynamic Database Development and Data Management

    SciTech Connect

    Wolery, T W; Sutton, M

    2011-09-19

    they use a large body of thermodynamic data, generally from a supporting database file, to sort out the various important reactions from a wide spectrum of possibilities, given specified inputs. Usually codes of this kind are used to construct models of initial aqueous solutions that represent initial conditions for some process, although sometimes these calculations also represent a desired end point. Such a calculation might be used to determine the major chemical species of a dissolved component, the solubility of a mineral or mineral-like solid, or to quantify deviation from equilibrium in the form of saturation indices. Reactive transport codes such as TOUGHREACT and NUFT generally require the user to determine which chemical species and reactions are important, and to provide the requisite set of information including thermodynamic data in an input file. Usually this information is abstracted from the output of a geochemical modeling code and its supporting thermodynamic data file. The Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) developed two qualified thermodynamic databases to model geochemical processes, including ones involving repository components such as spent fuel. The first of the two (BSC, 2007a) was for systems containing dilute aqueous solutions only, the other (BSC, 2007b) for systems involving concentrated aqueous solutions and incorporating a model for such based on Pitzer's (1991) equations. A 25 C-only database with similarities to the latter was also developed for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP, cf. Xiong, 2005). The NAGRA/PSI database (Hummel et al., 2002) was developed to support repository studies in Europe. The YMP databases are often used in non-repository studies, including studies of geothermal systems (e.g., Wolery and Carroll, 2010) and CO2 sequestration (e.g., Aines et al., 2011).

  17. The Microcomputer as a Tool for Literature Searches

    PubMed Central

    Dunn, Earl V.

    1986-01-01

    Within the past several decades, computerized databases have been created for physicians. Technology now allows any physician who has access to a microcomputer to do computer literature searches. This article describes some of the hardware, software, and databases available to computer searchers. Two useful database providers, Dialog and Bibliographic Retrieval Services, are described. Two examples are given to illustrate the technique of literature search by computer. Basic skills needed to conduct searches are outlined, as are the advantages and disadvantages to physicians doing their own computer searches. PMID:21267160

  18. Microcomputer processing for Loran-C

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lilley, R. W.; Mccall, D. L.; Novacki, S. M., III

    1981-01-01

    Schematic diagrams are presented for the microcomputer processing for Loran-C. Diagrams are included for the following: microcomputer Loran-C loop improvements; Loran-C receiver commutated AGC; and DC-DC power supply.

  19. Idaho State University Bookstore Features Microcomputer Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogg, Robert; Hill, Leland R.

    1983-01-01

    A microcomputer fair held during homecoming and in conjunction with the opening of the ISU Microcomputer Learning Facility resulted in an unprecedented explosion of interest and buying. The store was also selling computer books, supplies, and software. (Author/MLW)

  20. Microcomputers: Tools of the Present and Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lopez, Antonio M., Jr.

    1981-01-01

    Identifies commercially available microcomputer systems, briefly reviews the use of microcomputers in education, describes uses of computers in the home, and sketches the role of computers in libraries. Seven references are cited. (FM)

  1. Microcomputer Network for Computerized Adaptive Testing (CAT): Program Listing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quan, Baldwin; And Others

    This program listing is a supplement to the Microcomputer Network for Computerized Adaptive Testing (CAT). The driver textfile program allows access to major subprograms of the CAT project. The test administration textfile program gives examinees a prescribed set of subtests. The parameter management textfile program establishes a file containing…

  2. Microcomputers: Statistical Analysis Software. Evaluation Guide Number 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Peter J.

    This guide discusses six sets of features to examine when purchasing a microcomputer-based statistics program: hardware requirements; data management; data processing; statistical procedures; printing; and documentation. While the current statistical packages have several negative features, they are cost saving and convenient for small to moderate…

  3. Microcomputer Network for Computerized Adaptive Testing (CAT): Program Listing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quan, Baldwin; And Others

    This program listing is a supplement to the Microcomputer Network for Computerized Adaptive Testing (CAT). The driver textfile program allows access to major subprograms of the CAT project. The test administration textfile program gives examinees a prescribed set of subtests. The parameter management textfile program establishes a file containing…

  4. Microcomputers and School Libraries in the United Kingdom: Part I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pain-Lewins, Helen; Watson, Linda

    1990-01-01

    Discussion of the use of microcomputers in school libraries in the United Kingdom focuses on three models of school library computerization: (1) a library management-centered model, which addresses routine library operations; (2) a pupil-centered information skills model; and (3) a curriculum-centered model, which furthers pupil learning in…

  5. Management of CD-ROM Databases in ARL Libraries. SPEC Kit 169.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welch, C. Brigid, Ed.

    This kit is based on 73 responses to a survey conducted by the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) Office of Management Services to obtain information on the management of CD-ROM database installations in ARL libraries. The survey sought information in the areas of CD-ROM funding, instruction and publicity, organization, equipment, security,…

  6. Planning the future of JPL's management and administrative support systems around an integrated database

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ebersole, M. M.

    1983-01-01

    JPL's management and administrative support systems have been developed piece meal and without consistency in design approach over the past twenty years. These systems are now proving to be inadequate to support effective management of tasks and administration of the Laboratory. New approaches are needed. Modern database management technology has the potential for providing the foundation for more effective administrative tools for JPL managers and administrators. Plans for upgrading JPL's management and administrative systems over a six year period evolving around the development of an integrated management and administrative data base are discussed.

  7. Planning the future of JPL's management and administrative support systems around an integrated database

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ebersole, M. M.

    1983-01-01

    JPL's management and administrative support systems have been developed piece meal and without consistency in design approach over the past twenty years. These systems are now proving to be inadequate to support effective management of tasks and administration of the Laboratory. New approaches are needed. Modern database management technology has the potential for providing the foundation for more effective administrative tools for JPL managers and administrators. Plans for upgrading JPL's management and administrative systems over a six year period evolving around the development of an integrated management and administrative data base are discussed.

  8. Managing Geological Profiles in Databases for 3D Visualisation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jarna, A.; Grøtan, B. O.; Henderson, I. H. C.; Iversen, S.; Khloussy, E.; Nordahl, B.; Rindstad, B. I.

    2016-10-01

    Geology and all geological structures are three-dimensional in space. GIS and databases are common tools used by geologists to interpret and communicate geological data. The NGU (Geological Survey of Norway) is the national institution for the study of bedrock, mineral resources, surficial deposits and groundwater and marine geology. 3D geology is usually described by geological profiles, or vertical sections through a map, where you can look at the rock structure below the surface. The goal is to gradually expand the usability of existing and new geological profiles to make them more available in the retail applications as well as build easier entry and registration of profiles. The project target is to develop the methodology for acquisition of data, modification and use of data and its further presentation on the web by creating a user-interface directly linked to NGU's webpage. This will allow users to visualise profiles in a 3D model.

  9. Design of Student Information Management Database Application System for Office and Departmental Target Responsibility System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Hui

    It is the inevitable outcome of higher education reform to carry out office and departmental target responsibility system, in which statistical processing of student's information is an important part of student's performance review. On the basis of the analysis of the student's evaluation, the student information management database application system is designed by using relational database management system software in this paper. In order to implement the function of student information management, the functional requirement, overall structure, data sheets and fields, data sheet Association and software codes are designed in details.

  10. A database to manage flood risk in Catalonia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Echeverria, S.; Toldrà, R.; Verdaguer, I.

    2009-09-01

    We call priority action spots those local sites where heavy rain, increased river flow, sea storms and other flooding phenomena can cause human casualties or severe damage to property. Some examples are campsites, car parks, roads, chemical factories… In order to keep to a minimum the risk of these spots, both a prevention programme and an emergency response programme are required. The flood emergency plan of Catalonia (INUNCAT) prepared in 2005 included already a listing of priority action spots compiled by the Catalan Water Agency (ACA), which was elaborated taking into account past experience, hydraulic studies and information available by several knowledgeable sources. However, since land use evolves with time this listing of priority action spots has become outdated and incomplete. A new database is being built. Not only does this new database update and expand the previous listing, but adds to each entry information regarding prevention measures and emergency response: which spots are the most hazardous, under which weather conditions problems arise, which ones should have their access closed as soon as these conditions are forecast or actually given, which ones should be evacuated, who is in charge of the preventive actions or emergency response and so on. Carrying out this programme has to be done with the help and collaboration of all the organizations involved, foremost with the local authorities in the areas at risk. In order to achieve this goal a suitable geographical information system is necessary which can be easily used by all actors involved in this project. The best option has turned out to be the Spatial Data Infrastructure of Catalonia (IDEC), a platform to share spatial data on the Internet involving the Generalitat de Catalunya, Localret (a consortium of local authorities that promotes information technology) and other institutions.

  11. Data management and database structure at the ARS Culture Collection

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The organization and management of collection data for the 96,000 strains held in the ARS Culture Collection has been an ongoing process. Originally, the records for the four separate collections were maintained by individual curators in notebooks and/or card files and subsequently on the National C...

  12. Evaluation and Selection of a Data-Base Management System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbott, Michael; White, Bard F.

    1974-01-01

    Based on existing literature and user experience, the systematic approach to data base evaluation presented here provides a method by which data processing administrators can optimize the probability of selecting the data base management system best suited for their institution. (Author/WM)

  13. Federated Web-accessible Clinical Data Management within an Extensible NeuroImaging Database

    PubMed Central

    Keator, David B.; Wei, Dingying; Fennema-Notestine, Christine; Pease, Karen R.; Bockholt, Jeremy; Grethe, Jeffrey S.

    2010-01-01

    Managing vast datasets collected throughout multiple clinical imaging communities has become critical with the ever increasing and diverse nature of datasets. Development of data management infrastructure is further complicated by technical and experimental advances that drive modifications to existing protocols and acquisition of new types of research data to be incorporated into existing data management systems. In this paper, an extensible data management system for clinical neuroimaging studies is introduced: The Human Clinical Imaging Database (HID) and Toolkit. The database schema is constructed to support the storage of new data types without changes to the underlying schema. The complex infrastructure allows management of experiment data, such as image protocol and behavioral task parameters, as well as subject-specific data, including demographics, clinical assessments, and behavioral task performance metrics. Of significant interest, embedded clinical data entry and management tools enhance both consistency of data reporting and automatic entry of data into the database. The Clinical Assessment Layout Manager (CALM) allows users to create on-line data entry forms for use within and across sites, through which data is pulled into the underlying database via the generic clinical assessment management engine (GAME). Importantly, the system is designed to operate in a distributed environment, serving both human users and client applications in a service-oriented manner. Querying capabilities use a built-in multi-database parallel query builder/result combiner, allowing web-accessible queries within and across multiple federated databases. The system along with its documentation is open-source and available from the Neuroimaging Informatics Tools and Resource Clearinghouse (NITRC) site. PMID:20567938

  14. Federated web-accessible clinical data management within an extensible neuroimaging database.

    PubMed

    Ozyurt, I Burak; Keator, David B; Wei, Dingying; Fennema-Notestine, Christine; Pease, Karen R; Bockholt, Jeremy; Grethe, Jeffrey S

    2010-12-01

    Managing vast datasets collected throughout multiple clinical imaging communities has become critical with the ever increasing and diverse nature of datasets. Development of data management infrastructure is further complicated by technical and experimental advances that drive modifications to existing protocols and acquisition of new types of research data to be incorporated into existing data management systems. In this paper, an extensible data management system for clinical neuroimaging studies is introduced: The Human Clinical Imaging Database (HID) and Toolkit. The database schema is constructed to support the storage of new data types without changes to the underlying schema. The complex infrastructure allows management of experiment data, such as image protocol and behavioral task parameters, as well as subject-specific data, including demographics, clinical assessments, and behavioral task performance metrics. Of significant interest, embedded clinical data entry and management tools enhance both consistency of data reporting and automatic entry of data into the database. The Clinical Assessment Layout Manager (CALM) allows users to create on-line data entry forms for use within and across sites, through which data is pulled into the underlying database via the generic clinical assessment management engine (GAME). Importantly, the system is designed to operate in a distributed environment, serving both human users and client applications in a service-oriented manner. Querying capabilities use a built-in multi-database parallel query builder/result combiner, allowing web-accessible queries within and across multiple federated databases. The system along with its documentation is open-source and available from the Neuroimaging Informatics Tools and Resource Clearinghouse (NITRC) site.

  15. Statistical Software Packages for the Microcomputer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finley, Sevilla, Comp.

    The nine microcomputer statistical software packages that are described comprise the statistical software collection at the Appalachia Educational Laboratory (AEL). The packages are compatible with AEL's Apple II microcomputer, though many are also available with other microcomputers. References to software reviews are included for some programs.…

  16. Library Microcomputers: Some Notes Gained from Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fosdick, Howard

    1984-01-01

    Responses to librarians' questions about library microcomputers cover simple applications to be used by staff with little experience, minimizing risk factor, choosing a microcomputer, hardware obsolescence, uses of mainframes and minicomputers, capacity planning for microcomputers, security of library's data, copyrighted software, and future use…

  17. Satellite Doppler data processing using a microcomputer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schmid, P. E.; Lynn, J. J.

    1977-01-01

    A microcomputer which was developed to compute ground radio beacon position locations using satellite measurements of Doppler frequency shift is described. Both the computational algorithms and the microcomputer hardware incorporating these algorithms were discussed. Results are presented where the microcomputer in conjunction with the NIMBUS-6 random access measurement system provides real time calculation of beacon latitude and longitude.

  18. Microcomputer Support in Basic Statistics Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schafer, William D; Johnson, Charles E.

    This paper presents examples of effective uses of microcomputers to support basic statistics instruction. All programs are written in Applesoft BASIC for Apple II Plus microcomputers and compatible equipment. They have been field tested in statistics courses at the University of Maryland. Microcomputers can be used with color monitors for…

  19. An Extensible "SCHEMA-LESS" Database Framework for Managing High-Throughput Semi-Structured Documents

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Maluf, David A.; Tran, Peter B.

    2003-01-01

    Object-Relational database management system is an integrated hybrid cooperative approach to combine the best practices of both the relational model utilizing SQL queries and the object-oriented, semantic paradigm for supporting complex data creation. In this paper, a highly scalable, information on demand database framework, called NETMARK, is introduced. NETMARK takes advantages of the Oracle 8i object-relational database using physical addresses data types for very efficient keyword search of records spanning across both context and content. NETMARK was originally developed in early 2000 as a research and development prototype to solve the vast amounts of unstructured and semistructured documents existing within NASA enterprises. Today, NETMARK is a flexible, high-throughput open database framework for managing, storing, and searching unstructured or semi-structured arbitrary hierarchal models, such as XML and HTML.

  20. An Extensible Schema-less Database Framework for Managing High-throughput Semi-Structured Documents

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Maluf, David A.; Tran, Peter B.; La, Tracy; Clancy, Daniel (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    Object-Relational database management system is an integrated hybrid cooperative approach to combine the best practices of both the relational model utilizing SQL queries and the object oriented, semantic paradigm for supporting complex data creation. In this paper, a highly scalable, information on demand database framework, called NETMARK is introduced. NETMARK takes advantages of the Oracle 8i object-relational database using physical addresses data types for very efficient keyword searches of records for both context and content. NETMARK was originally developed in early 2000 as a research and development prototype to solve the vast amounts of unstructured and semi-structured documents existing within NASA enterprises. Today, NETMARK is a flexible, high throughput open database framework for managing, storing, and searching unstructured or semi structured arbitrary hierarchal models, XML and HTML.

  1. NETMARK: A Schema-less Extension for Relational Databases for Managing Semi-structured Data Dynamically

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Maluf, David A.; Tran, Peter B.

    2003-01-01

    Object-Relational database management system is an integrated hybrid cooperative approach to combine the best practices of both the relational model utilizing SQL queries and the object-oriented, semantic paradigm for supporting complex data creation. In this paper, a highly scalable, information on demand database framework, called NETMARK, is introduced. NETMARK takes advantages of the Oracle 8i object-relational database using physical addresses data types for very efficient keyword search of records spanning across both context and content. NETMARK was originally developed in early 2000 as a research and development prototype to solve the vast amounts of unstructured and semi-structured documents existing within NASA enterprises. Today, NETMARK is a flexible, high-throughput open database framework for managing, storing, and searching unstructured or semi-structured arbitrary hierarchal models, such as XML and HTML.

  2. Database Design for Personnel Management in Republic of Korea Army.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-06-01

    degree of MISTER OF SCIENCE IN COMPUTER SCIENCE from the NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL June 1984 Author: Approved by:_ z.W Thasis Advisor Sacond Reader...storage of a computer . It is characterized by rapid access and volatility. Long term memory is compared t the secon- dary storage, in that it is more...get far better information than wis possible prior to computers , and the information will be much more timely. Personnel managers need to adopt more

  3. Flight Deck Interval Management Display. [Elements, Information and Annunciations Database User Guide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lancaster, Jeff; Dillard, Michael; Alves, Erin; Olofinboba, Olu

    2014-01-01

    The User Guide details the Access Database provided with the Flight Deck Interval Management (FIM) Display Elements, Information, & Annunciations program. The goal of this User Guide is to support ease of use and the ability to quickly retrieve and select items of interest from the Database. The Database includes FIM Concepts identified in a literature review preceding the publication of this document. Only items that are directly related to FIM (e.g., spacing indicators), which change or enable FIM (e.g., menu with control buttons), or which are affected by FIM (e.g., altitude reading) are included in the database. The guide has been expanded from previous versions to cover database structure, content, and search features with voiced explanations.

  4. The Future of Asset Management for Human Space Exploration: Supply Classification and an Integrated Database

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shull, Sarah A.; Gralla, Erica L.; deWeck, Olivier L.; Shishko, Robert

    2006-01-01

    One of the major logistical challenges in human space exploration is asset management. This paper presents observations on the practice of asset management in support of human space flight to date and discusses a functional-based supply classification and a framework for an integrated database that could be used to improve asset management and logistics for human missions to the Moon, Mars and beyond.

  5. The Future of Asset Management for Human Space Exploration: Supply Classification and an Integrated Database

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shull, Sarah A.; Gralla, Erica L.; deWeck, Olivier L.; Shishko, Robert

    2006-01-01

    One of the major logistical challenges in human space exploration is asset management. This paper presents observations on the practice of asset management in support of human space flight to date and discusses a functional-based supply classification and a framework for an integrated database that could be used to improve asset management and logistics for human missions to the Moon, Mars and beyond.

  6. Continuing Education in Micro-Computers for Academic and Practicing Psychologists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lupo, James V.; Ware, Mark E.

    1984-01-01

    A workshop designed to teach participants how to use microcomputers for practice management, psychological testing, word processing, peripheral interface, and data analysis was found to meet the interests and needs of both academic and practicing psychologists. (RM)

  7. A microcomputer-based emergency response system*.

    PubMed

    Belardo, S; Howell, A; Ryan, R; Wallace, W A

    1983-09-01

    A microcomputer-based system was developed to provide local officials responsible for disaster management with assistance during the crucial period immediately following a disaster, a period when incorrect decisions could have an adverse impact on the surrounding community. While the paper focuses on a potential disaster resulting from an accident at a commercial nuclear power generating facility, the system can be applied to other disastrous situations. Decisions involving evacuation, shelter and the deployment of resources must be made in response to floods, earthquakes, accidents in the transportation of hazardous materials, and hurricanes to name a few examples. As a decision aid, the system was designed to enhance data display by presenting the data in the form of representations (i.e. road maps, evacuation routes, etc.) as well as in list or tabular form. The potential impact of the event (i.e. the release of radioactive material) was displayed in the form of a cloud, representing the dispersion of the radioactive material. In addition, an algorithm was developed to assist the manager in assigning response resources to demands. The capability for modelling the impact of a disaster is discussed briefly, with reference to a system installed in the communities surrounding the Indian Point nuclear power plant in New York State. Results demonstrate both the technical feasibility of incorporating microcomputers indecision support systems for radiological emergency response, and the acceptance of such systems by those public officials responsible for implementing the response plans.

  8. Technical Aspects of Interfacing MUMPS to an External SQL Relational Database Management System

    PubMed Central

    Kuzmak, Peter M.; Walters, Richard F.; Penrod, Gail

    1988-01-01

    This paper describes an interface connecting InterSystems MUMPS (M/VX) to an external relational DBMS, the SYBASE Database Management System. The interface enables MUMPS to operate in a relational environment and gives the MUMPS language full access to a complete set of SQL commands. MUMPS generates SQL statements as ASCII text and sends them to the RDBMS. The RDBMS executes the statements and returns ASCII results to MUMPS. The interface suggests that the language features of MUMPS make it an attractive tool for use in the relational database environment. The approach described in this paper separates MUMPS from the relational database. Positioning the relational database outside of MUMPS promotes data sharing and permits a number of different options to be used for working with the data. Other languages like C, FORTRAN, and COBOL can access the RDBMS database. Advanced tools provided by the relational database vendor can also be used. SYBASE is an advanced high-performance transaction-oriented relational database management system for the VAX/VMS and UNIX operating systems. SYBASE is designed using a distributed open-systems architecture, and is relatively easy to interface with MUMPS.

  9. Evaluation of relational and NoSQL database architectures to manage genomic annotations.

    PubMed

    Schulz, Wade L; Nelson, Brent G; Felker, Donn K; Durant, Thomas J S; Torres, Richard

    2016-12-01

    While the adoption of next generation sequencing has rapidly expanded, the informatics infrastructure used to manage the data generated by this technology has not kept pace. Historically, relational databases have provided much of the framework for data storage and retrieval. Newer technologies based on NoSQL architectures may provide significant advantages in storage and query efficiency, thereby reducing the cost of data management. But their relative advantage when applied to biomedical data sets, such as genetic data, has not been characterized. To this end, we compared the storage, indexing, and query efficiency of a common relational database (MySQL), a document-oriented NoSQL database (MongoDB), and a relational database with NoSQL support (PostgreSQL). When used to store genomic annotations from the dbSNP database, we found the NoSQL architectures to outperform traditional, relational models for speed of data storage, indexing, and query retrieval in nearly every operation. These findings strongly support the use of novel database technologies to improve the efficiency of data management within the biological sciences.

  10. High-performance Negative Database for Massive Data Management System of The Mingantu Spectral Radioheliograph

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shi, Congming; Wang, Feng; Deng, Hui; Liu, Yingbo; Liu, Cuiyin; Wei, Shoulin

    2017-08-01

    As a dedicated synthetic aperture radio interferometer in China, the MingantU SpEctral Radioheliograph (MUSER), initially known as the Chinese Spectral RadioHeliograph (CSRH), has entered the stage of routine observation. More than 23 million data records per day need to be effectively managed to provide high-performance data query and retrieval for scientific data reduction. In light of these massive amounts of data generated by the MUSER, in this paper, a novel data management technique called the negative database (ND) is proposed and used to implement a data management system for the MUSER. Based on the key-value database, the ND technique makes complete utilization of the complement set of observational data to derive the requisite information. Experimental results showed that the proposed ND can significantly reduce storage volume in comparison with a relational database management system (RDBMS). Even when considering the time needed to derive records that were absent, its overall performance, including querying and deriving the data of the ND, is comparable with that of a relational database management system (RDBMS). The ND technique effectively solves the problem of massive data storage for the MUSER and is a valuable reference for the massive data management required in next-generation telescopes.

  11. Aerial image databases for pipeline rights-of-way management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jadkowski, Mark A.

    1996-03-01

    Pipeline companies that own and manage extensive rights-of-way corridors are faced with ever-increasing regulatory pressures, operating issues, and the need to remain competitive in today's marketplace. Automation has long been an answer to the problem of having to do more work with less people, and Automated Mapping/Facilities Management/Geographic Information Systems (AM/FM/GIS) solutions have been implemented at several pipeline companies. Until recently, the ability to cost-effectively acquire and incorporate up-to-date aerial imagery into these computerized systems has been out of the reach of most users. NASA's Earth Observations Commercial Applications Program (EOCAP) is providing a means by which pipeline companies can bridge this gap. The EOCAP project described in this paper includes a unique partnership with NASA and James W. Sewall Company to develop an aircraft-mounted digital camera system and a ground-based computer system to geometrically correct and efficiently store and handle the digital aerial images in an AM/FM/GIS environment. This paper provides a synopsis of the project, including details on (1) the need for aerial imagery, (2) NASA's interest and role in the project, (3) the design of a Digital Aerial Rights-of-Way Monitoring System, (4) image georeferencing strategies for pipeline applications, and (5) commercialization of the EOCAP technology through a prototype project at Algonquin Gas Transmission Company which operates major gas pipelines in New England, New York, and New Jersey.

  12. CAD-CAM database management at Bendix Kansas City

    SciTech Connect

    Witte, D.R.

    1985-05-01

    The Bendix Kansas City Division of Allied Corporation began integrating mechanical CAD-CAM capabilities into its operations in June 1980. The primary capabilities include a wireframe modeling application, a solid modeling application, and the Bendix Integrated Computer Aided Manufacturing (BICAM) System application, a set of software programs and procedures which provides user-friendly access to graphic applications and data, and user-friendly sharing of data between applications and users. BICAM also provides for enforcement of corporate/enterprise policies. Three access categories, private, local, and global, are realized through the implementation of data-management metaphors: the desk, reading rack, file cabinet, and library are for the storage, retrieval, and sharing of drawings and models. Access is provided through menu selections; searching for designs is done by a paging method or a search-by-attribute-value method. The sharing of designs between all users of Part Data is key. The BICAM System supports 375 unique users per quarter and manages over 7500 drawings and models. The BICAM System demonstrates the need for generalized models, a high-level system framework, prototyping, information-modeling methods, and an understanding of the entire enterprise. Future BICAM System implementations are planned to take advantage of this knowledge.

  13. Online system for managing watermarked-images database

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chareyron, Ga"l.; Da Rugna, Jerome; Konik, Hubert; Trémeau, Alain

    2004-12-01

    Universities, Governmental administrations, photography agencies and many other companies or individuals need framework to manage their multimedia documents and the copyright or authenticity attached to their images. We purpose a web-based interface able to realize many operations: storage, image navigation, copyright insertion, authenticity verification. When a photography owner wants to store and to publish the document on the Internet, he will use the interface to add his images and set the internet sharing rules. The user can choose for example watermarking method or resolution viewing. He set the parameters visually in way to consider the best ratio between quality and protection. We propose too an authenticity module which will allow online verification of documents. Any user on internet, knowing the key encoding, will be able to verify if an watermarked image have been altered or not. Finally, we will give some practical examples of our system. In this study, we merge the last technology in image protection and navigation to offer a complete scheme able to manage the images published. It allows to use only one system to supply the security and the publication of their images.

  14. Online system for managing watermarked-images database

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chareyron, Gael; Da Rugna, Jerome; Konik, Hubert; Tremeau, Alain

    2005-01-01

    Universities, Governmental administrations, photography agencies and many other companies or individuals need framework to manage their multimedia documents and the copyright or authenticity attached to their images. We purpose a web-based interface able to realize many operations: storage, image navigation, copyright insertion, authenticity verification. When a photography owner wants to store and to publish the document on the Internet, he will use the interface to add his images and set the internet sharing rules. The user can choose for example watermarking method or resolution viewing. He set the parameters visually in way to consider the best ratio between quality and protection. We propose too an authenticity module which will allow online verification of documents. Any user on internet, knowing the key encoding, will be able to verify if an watermarked image have been altered or not. Finally, we will give some practical examples of our system. In this study, we merge the last technology in image protection and navigation to offer a complete scheme able to manage the images published. It allows to use only one system to supply the security and the publication of their images.

  15. The Evaluation System Design of GIS-Based Oil and Gas Resources Carbon Emission Database Management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Wenju; Bi, Jiantao; Wang, Xingxing; Zhu, Zuojia; Pang, Wenqi

    2014-03-01

    Due to the importance of research on carbon budgets in natural processes, it is critical to be able to effectively manage and process all types of data in order to get measure carbon emissions. For this purpose, data produced in oil and gas exploration and natural processes are the focus of this research. Various tools are used including Oracle11g for data storage, Arc Engine combined with Microsoft Visual C# among others including C++ and the Database Storage Management Platform with GIS software functions. The IPCC algorithms are the most important reference, combine this with actual events, a new calculation model about oil and gas resources carbon emission was constructed. This model will analyze and predict the amount of carbon emissions in the oil and gas production in the future. Putting the new calculation model into the Database Storage Management Platform, an Intelligent Prediction Database Platform contained the new calculation model was established.

  16. Microcomputer authoring systems: valuable tools for health educators.

    PubMed

    Whiteside, M F; Whiteside, J A

    Writing courseware with the aid of an authoring system is a bold step that can bring together the health education content expert and the power of the microcomputer. The microcomputer can be programmed to present essential knowledge to students in a low pressure setting, specifically geared to their levels of comprehension and rates of progression. Microcomputer-based simulations and patient management problems seem suited to the task helping students develop adequate problem-solving skills in health education (Lewis, 1983; Peterson, 1984). Furthermore, many lecture hours can be replaced by an infinitely patient tutor with which students can interact at their convenience. Creating self-study materials delivered via microcomputer is also a step toward providing the most effective type of learning experiences for individual students. Despite the fact that putting authoring systems in the hands of well-informed content specialists may meet a number of pressing needs in health education, there is one drawback. Authoring systems have a built-in pedagogical structure that, to some extent, dictates the design of the lesson. However, spending time in the evaluation process prior to purchase will enable educators to identify a system that can be used to develop courseware that very closely matches the desires of the author. Integrating microcomputer courseware into health education courses is certainly an attractive solution to some of the educational problems faced in health education today. An authoring system can be used to develop courseware that can substituted for lectures on basic concepts. In addition, students will have more opportunities to develop the ability to apply, in problem-solving situations, the factual knowledge they are learning before they are responsible for making judgments in real-life situations. The time is ripe, then, for health educators to investigate how authoring systems can help them utilize the technology of the microcomputer to improve

  17. Comparison of scientific and administrative database management systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stoltzfus, J. C.

    1983-01-01

    Some characteristics found to be different for scientific and administrative data bases are identified and some of the corresponding generic requirements for data base management systems (DBMS) are discussed. The requirements discussed are especially stringent for either the scientific or administrative data bases. For some, no commercial DBMS is fully satisfactory, and the data base designer must invent a suitable approach. For others, commercial systems are available with elegant solutions, and a wrong choice would mean an expensive work-around to provide the missing features. It is concluded that selection of a DBMS must be based on the requirements for the information system. There is no unique distinction between scientific and administrative data bases or DBMS. The distinction comes from the logical structure of the data, and understanding the data and their relationships is the key to defining the requirements and selecting an appropriate DBMS for a given set of applications.

  18. Managed care discounting: evidence from the MarketScan database.

    PubMed

    Dor, Avi; Koroukian, Siran M; Grossman, Michael

    2004-01-01

    The paper examines price discounting by health maintenance organizations (HMOs) and preferred provider organizations (PPOs) in markets for hospital services. Our empirical analysis focuses on transaction prices for angioplasty, which is a relatively common procedure with well-defined "product" characteristics. After controlling for patient and procedure heterogeneity and market power, we find that on average angioplasty prices are 8% lower for PPOs than for fee-for-service plans, followed by point-of-service HMOs, which capture a 24% discount. Our results are in general agreement with earlier work by Cutler, McClellan, and Newhouse (2000), who show that managed care discounts are "real," after accounting for case severity and process of care.

  19. Comparison of scientific and administrative database management systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stoltzfus, J. C.

    1983-01-01

    Some characteristics found to be different for scientific and administrative data bases are identified and some of the corresponding generic requirements for data base management systems (DBMS) are discussed. The requirements discussed are especially stringent for either the scientific or administrative data bases. For some, no commercial DBMS is fully satisfactory, and the data base designer must invent a suitable approach. For others, commercial systems are available with elegant solutions, and a wrong choice would mean an expensive work-around to provide the missing features. It is concluded that selection of a DBMS must be based on the requirements for the information system. There is no unique distinction between scientific and administrative data bases or DBMS. The distinction comes from the logical structure of the data, and understanding the data and their relationships is the key to defining the requirements and selecting an appropriate DBMS for a given set of applications.

  20. Microcomputer Business Applications. Teacher Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James, Marcia; And Others

    This curriculum guide is designed to teach concepts associated with business applications of microcomputers. It can be used in marketing, office education, and computer literacy courses. Most activities can be done in less than 1 hour. The course is organized in eight units that cover the following: (1) systems and software; (2) electronic filing;…

  1. Networking and Microcomputers. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klausmeier, Jane

    Computer networks can fall into three broad categories--local area networks (LAN), microcomputer based messaging systems (this includes computer bulletin board systems), or commercial information systems. Many of the same types of activities take place within the three categories. The major differences are the types of information available and…

  2. Microcomputer Application in Industrial Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthews, John I.

    1980-01-01

    A microcomputer for use in industrial education programs is described. The system has wide application and does not require programing skills. Graduate students may purchase disks formatted to do word processing and statistics then proceed to do the thesis or dissertation final copy at the keyboard of the terminal. (CT)

  3. Microcomputer Hardware. Energy Technology Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Technical Education Research Centre-Southwest, Waco, TX.

    This course in microcomputer hardware is one of 16 courses in the Energy Technology Series developed for an Energy Conservation-and-Use Technology curriculum. Intended for use in two-year postsecondary technical institutions to prepare technicians for employment, the courses are also useful in industry for updating employees in company-sponsored…

  4. Microcomputer Modules for Undergraduate Geography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Groop, Richard; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Described and evaluated are microcomputer units of instruction that were developed for use in undergraduate geography courses. Students responded favorably to the modules--"Socioeconomic Patterns,""Economic Rent,""Sampling Distribution of Sample Means,""Land Use Competition,""Data Classing,""Weather and Climate," and "Landforms." (RM)

  5. Software design methodologies for microcomputers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dowsing, R. D.

    1982-05-01

    It is the development phase of the software lifecycle which has attracted a great deal of interest in the last few years. This paper surveys the stages in software production and the need for a rigorous, formal approach. This type of approach is illustrated by the development of a program for a microcomputer using structured programming techniques.

  6. Microcomputers for Laboratory Data Collection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMillen, Jack D.; Esch, Harald E.

    1984-01-01

    Advantages of computerized data acquisition and three approaches to data collection are discussed. Interfacing techniques and use of microcomputers as physiological recorders are also discussed. Examples of computerized data acquisition are provided. These include computer monitoring of animal activity and collecting data from species distribution…

  7. Microcomputer Operations. Energy Technology Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

    This course in microcomputer operations is one of 16 courses in the Energy Technology Series developed for an Energy Conservation-and-Use Technology curriculum. Intended for use in two-year postsecondary technical institutions to prepare technicians for employment, the courses are also useful in industry for updating employees in company-sponsored…

  8. Assessing Functional Vision Using Microcomputers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spencer, Simon; Ross, Malcolm

    1989-01-01

    The paper describes a software system which uses microcomputers to aid in the assessment of functional vision in visually impaired students. The software also aims to be visually stimulating and to develop hand-eye coordination, visual memory, and cognitive abilities. (DB)

  9. History Microcomputer Games: Update 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sargent, James E.

    1985-01-01

    Provides full narrative reviews of B-1 Nuclear Bomber (Avalon, 1982); American History Adventure (Social Science Microcomputer Review Software, 1985); Government Simulations (Prentice-Hall, 1985); and The Great War, FDR and the New Deal, and Hitler's War, all from New Worlds Software, 1985. Lists additional information on five other history and…

  10. Microcomputer Business Applications. Teacher Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James, Marcia; And Others

    This curriculum guide is designed to teach concepts associated with business applications of microcomputers. It can be used in marketing, office education, and computer literacy courses. Most activities can be done in less than 1 hour. The course is organized in eight units that cover the following: (1) systems and software; (2) electronic filing;…

  11. History Microcomputer Simulations: An Update.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sargent, James E.

    1985-01-01

    This article summarizes seven currently available microcomputer simulations for history. The seven included are: Government Simulations (Prentice-Hall, 1984), Nomination (Brady Company, 1984), Tigers in the Snow (Strategic Simulations, 1981), Lincoln's Decisions (Educational Activities, 1982), Watergate Simulation (Social Science Research and…

  12. History Microcomputer Simulations: An Update.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sargent, James E.

    1985-01-01

    This article summarizes seven currently available microcomputer simulations for history. The seven included are: Government Simulations (Prentice-Hall, 1984), Nomination (Brady Company, 1984), Tigers in the Snow (Strategic Simulations, 1981), Lincoln's Decisions (Educational Activities, 1982), Watergate Simulation (Social Science Research and…

  13. Microcomputer Series. Duty Task List.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater. Curriculum and Instructional Materials Center.

    This document contains the occupational duty/task lists for eight occupations in the microcomputer series. Each occupation is divided into 5 to 11 duties. A separate page for each duty in the occupation lists the tasks in that duty along with its code number and columns to indicate whether that particular duty has been taught and to provide space…

  14. Microcomputer Series. Duty Task List.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater. Curriculum and Instructional Materials Center.

    This document contains the occupational duty/task lists for eight occupations in the microcomputer series. Each occupation is divided into 5 to 11 duties. A separate page for each duty in the occupation lists the tasks in that duty along with its code number and columns to indicate whether that particular duty has been taught and to provide space…

  15. Special-Interest Microcomputing Publications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colsher, William L.

    1980-01-01

    This article describes computer journals, newsletters, and cassette magazines that are devoted to a particular brand of personal computer, such as the TRS-80, or to a particular microprocessor, such as the 6502, used in the Apple II, Commodore PET, and other microcomputers. Publishers' addresses and rates are listed. (Author/SJL)

  16. Microcomputer Applications in Interaction Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wadham, Rex A.

    The Timed Interval Categorical Observation Recorder (TICOR), a portable, battery powered microcomputer designed to automate the collection of sequential and simultaneous behavioral observations and their associated durations, was developed to overcome problems in gathering subtle interaction analysis data characterized by sequential flow of…

  17. Microcomputer Infusion Project: A Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rossberg, Stephen A.; Bitter, Gary G.

    1988-01-01

    Describes the Microcomputer Infusion Project (MIP), which was developed at Arizona State University to provide faculty with the necessary hardware, software, and training to become models of computer use in both lesson development and presentation for preservice teacher education students. Topics discussed include word processing; database…

  18. History Microcomputer Games: Update 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sargent, James E.

    1985-01-01

    Provides full narrative reviews of B-1 Nuclear Bomber (Avalon, 1982); American History Adventure (Social Science Microcomputer Review Software, 1985); Government Simulations (Prentice-Hall, 1985); and The Great War, FDR and the New Deal, and Hitler's War, all from New Worlds Software, 1985. Lists additional information on five other history and…

  19. Integrative database management for mouse development: systems and concepts.

    PubMed

    Singh, Amar V; Rouchka, Eric C; Rempala, Greg A; Bastian, Caleb D; Knudsen, Thomas B

    2007-03-01

    Cells in the developing embryo must integrate complex signals from the genome and environment to make decisions about their behavior or fate. The ability to understand the fundamental biology of the decision-making process, and how these decisions may go awry during abnormal development, requires a systems biology paradigm. Presently, the ability to build models with predictive capability in birth defects research is constrained by an incomplete understanding of the fundamental parameters underlying embryonic susceptibility, sensitivity, and vulnerability. Key developmental milestones must be parameterized in terms of system structure and dynamics, the relevant control methods, and the overall design logic of metabolic and regulatory networks. High-content data from genome-based studies provide some comprehensive coverage of these operational processes but a key research challenge is data integration. Analysis can be facilitated by data management resources and software to reveal the structure and function of bionetwork motifs potentially associated with an altered developmental phenotype. Borrowing from applied mathematics and artificial intelligence, we conceptualize a system that can help address the new challenges posed by the transformation of birth defects research into a data-driven science. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  20. Automated Developmental Disabilities Out-Patient Treatment Review System (ADDOPTRS)—Development and Automation of a Microcomputer Based Case Management System

    PubMed Central

    Fisch, Clifford B.; Fisch, Martin L.

    1979-01-01

    The Stanley S. Lamm Institute for Developmental Disabilities of The Long Island College Hospital, in conjunction with Micro-Med Systems has developed a low cost micro-computer based information system (ADDOP TRS) which monitors quality of care in outpatient settings rendering services to the developmentally disabled population. The process of conversion from paper record keeping systems to direct key-to-disk data capture at the point of service delivery is described. Data elements of the information system including identifying patient information, coded and English-grammar entry procedures for tracking elements of service as well as their delivery status are described. Project evaluation criteria are defined including improved quality of care, improved productivity for clerical and professional staff and enhanced decision making capability. These criteria are achieved in a cost effective manner as a function of more efficient information flow. Administrative applications including staff/budgeting procedures, submissions for third party reimbursement and case reporting to utilization review committees are considered.

  1. Integration of solid modeling and database management for CAD/CAM

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Y.C.

    1984-01-01

    Focusing on geometric completeness and data independence respectively, solid modeling and database management could be bridged together so as to provide a CAD/CAM environment with a unified geometric database for multiple application uses. The proposed approach is based on the CSG (Constructive Solid Geometry) scheme for solid modeling and the generic relational model for database management, primarily for the purpose of data conciseness while obeying a rigorous database design discipline. To facilitate data scheme definition, a systematic procedure was devised to convert a set of grammar rules into a generic scheme. A relational query language, SEQUEL, was modified to define, control, and manipulate the flat relations that represent the highly structural generic relational model. To further justify the usefulness of the proposed geometric database management system as well as its supporting query language, two application issues, namely, a solid modeler for CAD and a preprocessor for CAM, were also investigated. The solid modeler implemented not only acts as an application to be interfaced by the query language but also serves as a tool to visually verify the geometric data. Research efforts on CAM issues have also resulted in an algorithm capable of extracting and unifying certain manufacturing features that are embedded in CSG trees.

  2. Medical student database development: a model for record management in a multi-departmental setting.

    PubMed Central

    Vercillo, D. M.; Holmes, K. C.; Pingree, M. J.; Bray, B. E.; Lincoln, M. J.

    1999-01-01

    Student records flow through medical school offices at a rapid rate. Much of this data is often tracked on paper, spread across multiple departments. The Medical Student Informatics Group at the University of Utah School of Medicine identified offices and organizations documenting student information. We assessed departmental needs, identified records, and researched database software available within the private sector and academic community. Although a host of database applications exist, few publications discuss database models for storage and retrieval of student records. We developed and deployed an Internet based application to meet current requirements, and allow for future expandability. During a test period, users were polled regarding utility, security, stability, ease of use, data accuracy, and potential project expansion. Feedback demonstrated widespread approval, and considerable interest in additional feature development. This experience suggests that many medical schools would benefit from centralized database management of student records. Images Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 PMID:10566507

  3. Management of three-dimensional and anthropometric databases: Alexandria and Cleopatra

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paquet, Eric; Robinette, Kathleen; Rioux, Marc

    2000-10-01

    This paper describes two systems for managing 3D and anthropometric databases, namely Alexandria and Cleopatra. Each system is made out of three parts: the crawler, the analyzer, and the search engine. The crawler retrieves the content from the network while the analyzer describes automatically the shape, scale, and color of each retrieved object and writes down a compact descriptor. The search engine applies the query by example paradigm to find and retrieve similar or related objects from the database based on different aspects of 3D shape, scale, and color distribution. The descriptors are defined and the implementation of the system is detailed. The application of the system to the CAESAR anthropometric survey is discussed. Experimental results from the CAESAR database and from generic databases are presented.

  4. Insight: An ontology-based integrated database and analysis platform for epilepsy self-management research.

    PubMed

    Sahoo, Satya S; Ramesh, Priya; Welter, Elisabeth; Bukach, Ashley; Valdez, Joshua; Tatsuoka, Curtis; Bamps, Yvan; Stoll, Shelley; Jobst, Barbara C; Sajatovic, Martha

    2016-10-01

    We present Insight as an integrated database and analysis platform for epilepsy self-management research as part of the national Managing Epilepsy Well Network. Insight is the only available informatics platform for accessing and analyzing integrated data from multiple epilepsy self-management research studies with several new data management features and user-friendly functionalities. The features of Insight include, (1) use of Common Data Elements defined by members of the research community and an epilepsy domain ontology for data integration and querying, (2) visualization tools to support real time exploration of data distribution across research studies, and (3) an interactive visual query interface for provenance-enabled research cohort identification. The Insight platform contains data from five completed epilepsy self-management research studies covering various categories of data, including depression, quality of life, seizure frequency, and socioeconomic information. The data represents over 400 participants with 7552 data points. The Insight data exploration and cohort identification query interface has been developed using Ruby on Rails Web technology and open source Web Ontology Language Application Programming Interface to support ontology-based reasoning. We have developed an efficient ontology management module that automatically updates the ontology mappings each time a new version of the Epilepsy and Seizure Ontology is released. The Insight platform features a Role-based Access Control module to authenticate and effectively manage user access to different research studies. User access to Insight is managed by the Managing Epilepsy Well Network database steering committee consisting of representatives of all current collaborating centers of the Managing Epilepsy Well Network. New research studies are being continuously added to the Insight database and the size as well as the unique coverage of the dataset allows investigators to conduct

  5. Digital map and spatial database requirements for advanced traffic management systems

    SciTech Connect

    Lerner-Lam, E.; Smith, W.T.; Francisca, J.R.; Rathi, A.

    1993-12-31

    Advanced Traffic Management Systems (ATMS) depend on good-quality digital maps and spatial databases. Concerns over the availability of digital maps and spatial databases for ATMS`s in the United States were initially raised in early meetings of IVHS America ATMS committee. While there has been little argument regarding the important role of the private sector in providing ``value-added`` data for sale to public and private parties, the IVHS community has since been engaged in a lively debate over the appropriates roles of the public and private sectors in providing ``base data`` for the nation`s Intelligent Vehicle and Highway Systems. This paper summarizes the activities of the ATMS Committee over the past 1 1/2 years and offers recommendations for next steps to be taken toward laying the foundations for efficient and effective deployment of digital map and spatial database resources for use in advanced traffic management systems.

  6. Microsoft Enterprise Consortium: A Resource for Teaching Data Warehouse, Business Intelligence and Database Management Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kreie, Jennifer; Hashemi, Shohreh

    2012-01-01

    Data is a vital resource for businesses; therefore, it is important for businesses to manage and use their data effectively. Because of this, businesses value college graduates with an understanding of and hands-on experience working with databases, data warehouses and data analysis theories and tools. Faculty in many business disciplines try to…

  7. Database Design Learning: A Project-Based Approach Organized through a Course Management System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dominguez, Cesar; Jaime, Arturo

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes an active method for database design learning through practical tasks development by student teams in a face-to-face course. This method integrates project-based learning, and project management techniques and tools. Some scaffolding is provided at the beginning that forms a skeleton that adapts to a great variety of…

  8. Functions and Relations: Some Applications from Database Management for the Teaching of Classroom Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hauge, Sharon K.

    While functions and relations are important concepts in the teaching of mathematics, research suggests that many students lack an understanding and appreciation of these concepts. The present paper discusses an approach for teaching functions and relations that draws on the use of illustrations from database management. This approach has the…

  9. Design and implementation of dEDBMS: a distributed engineering database management system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Tao; Lin, Zongkai; Guo, Yuzhai

    1996-03-01

    dEDBMS is a practical distributed engineering database management system in the CAD application fields. This paper systematically introduces its system architecture, data distribution, security mechanism and concurrency control strategy etc., especially discusses in more detail the concept and implementation of the two categories and three kinds of `lock' mechanism which is presented by the authors.

  10. The Subject-Object Relationship Interface Model in Database Management Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yannakoudakis, Emmanuel J.; Attar-Bashi, Hussain A.

    1989-01-01

    Describes a model that displays structures necessary to map between the conceptual and external levels in database management systems, using an algorithm that maps the syntactic representations of tuples onto semantic representations. A technique for translating tuples into natural language sentences is introduced, and a system implemented in…

  11. Database Design Learning: A Project-Based Approach Organized through a Course Management System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dominguez, Cesar; Jaime, Arturo

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes an active method for database design learning through practical tasks development by student teams in a face-to-face course. This method integrates project-based learning, and project management techniques and tools. Some scaffolding is provided at the beginning that forms a skeleton that adapts to a great variety of…

  12. Database Management: Building, Changing and Using Databases. Collected Papers and Abstracts of the Mid-Year Meeting of the American Society for Information Science (15th, Portland, Oregon, May 1986).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Society for Information Science, Washington, DC.

    This document contains abstracts of papers on database design and management which were presented at the 1986 mid-year meeting of the American Society for Information Science (ASIS). Topics considered include: knowledge representation in a bilingual art history database; proprietary database design; relational database design; in-house databases;…

  13. Database Management: Building, Changing and Using Databases. Collected Papers and Abstracts of the Mid-Year Meeting of the American Society for Information Science (15th, Portland, Oregon, May 1986).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Society for Information Science, Washington, DC.

    This document contains abstracts of papers on database design and management which were presented at the 1986 mid-year meeting of the American Society for Information Science (ASIS). Topics considered include: knowledge representation in a bilingual art history database; proprietary database design; relational database design; in-house databases;…

  14. The ICRC AM/PM Database: Challenges in forensic data management in the humanitarian sphere.

    PubMed

    Hofmeister, Ute; Martin, Shuala S; Villalobos, Carlos; Padilla, Juliana; Finegan, Oran

    2017-10-01

    Large-scale forensic investigations should include a robust data management system with software capable of performing all tasks relevant to achieving the objectives of the investigation. Data management involves the collection, archiving, analysis and reporting of data. A successful data management system requires the development of protocols, procedures and policies, such as on data protection, as well as tools, including software. Adequate training for staff is also required, along with strict quality control and assurance regimens. In 2007, the ICRC launched its AM/PM Database to help fill a gap in readily available software to manage large quantities of data on missing persons and unidentified human remains. The database is now used in 14 countries around the world, including in Mexico and Central America where the ICRC advises the authorities on setting up search mechanisms and forensic data management systems, for addressing the issue of missing persons and the large number of unidentified dead, among them migrants that die in the region on route to the United States. The ICRC also works with various European nations to address the thousands of individuals who die annually while trying to cross the Mediterranean. The ICRC is currently working on the first major revision to the AM/PM Database, set for launch in 2018, based on challenges and lessons learned over the last decade in relation to forensic data management. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Toward public volume database management: a case study of NOVA, the National Online Volumetric Archive

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fletcher, Alex; Yoo, Terry S.

    2004-04-01

    Public databases today can be constructed with a wide variety of authoring and management structures. The widespread appeal of Internet search engines suggests that public information be made open and available to common search strategies, making accessible information that would otherwise be hidden by the infrastructure and software interfaces of a traditional database management system. We present the construction and organizational details for managing NOVA, the National Online Volumetric Archive. As an archival effort of the Visible Human Project for supporting medical visualization research, archiving 3D multimodal radiological teaching files, and enhancing medical education with volumetric data, our overall database structure is simplified; archives grow by accruing information, but seldom have to modify, delete, or overwrite stored records. NOVA is being constructed and populated so that it is transparent to the Internet; that is, much of its internal structure is mirrored in HTML allowing internet search engines to investigate, catalog, and link directly to the deep relational structure of the collection index. The key organizational concept for NOVA is the Image Content Group (ICG), an indexing strategy for cataloging incoming data as a set structure rather than by keyword management. These groups are managed through a series of XML files and authoring scripts. We cover the motivation for Image Content Groups, their overall construction, authorship, and management in XML, and the pilot results for creating public data repositories using this strategy.

  16. PRAIRIEMAP: A GIS database for prairie grassland management in western North America

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    ,

    2003-01-01

    The USGS Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center, Snake River Field Station (SRFS) maintains a database of spatial information, called PRAIRIEMAP, which is needed to address the management of prairie grasslands in western North America. We identify and collect spatial data for the region encompassing the historical extent of prairie grasslands (Figure 1). State and federal agencies, the primary entities responsible for management of prairie grasslands, need this information to develop proactive management strategies to prevent prairie-grassland wildlife species from being listed as Endangered Species, or to develop appropriate responses if listing does occur. Spatial data are an important component in documenting current habitat and other environmental conditions, which can be used to identify areas that have undergone significant changes in land cover and to identify underlying causes. Spatial data will also be a critical component guiding the decision processes for restoration of habitat in the Great Plains. As such, the PRAIRIEMAP database will facilitate analyses of large-scale and range-wide factors that may be causing declines in grassland habitat and populations of species that depend on it for their survival. Therefore, development of a reliable spatial database carries multiple benefits for land and wildlife management. The project consists of 3 phases: (1) identify relevant spatial data, (2) assemble, document, and archive spatial data on a computer server, and (3) develop and maintain the web site (http://prairiemap.wr.usgs.gov) for query and transfer of GIS data to managers and researchers.

  17. MST-80B microcomputer trainer

    SciTech Connect

    Jones, G.D.; Fisher, E.R.; Spann, J.M.

    1980-04-01

    The microcomputer revolution in electronics is spreading so rapidly that it is difficult to educate enough people quickly and thoroughly in the new technology. Lawrence Livermore Laboratory's MST-80B was developed as a way to speed learning in in-house training courses, and it is now being widely used outside LLL. The MST-80B trainer is a complete, self-contained, microcomputer system housed in a briefcase. The trainer uses the Intel 8080A 8-Bit Microprocessor (CPU), and it has its own solid-state memory, a built-in keyboard, input and output ports, and a display for visual output. The trainer is furnished with a permanent Monitor Program (in Read-Only Memory) that allows users to enter, debug, modify, and run programs of their own easily. 8 figures, 3 tables.

  18. GSIMF : a web service based software and database management system for the generation grids.

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, N.; Ananthan, B.; Gieraltowski, G.; May, E.; Vaniachine, A.; Tech-X Corp.

    2008-01-01

    To process the vast amount of data from high energy physics experiments, physicists rely on Computational and Data Grids; yet, the distribution, installation, and updating of a myriad of different versions of different programs over the Grid environment is complicated, time-consuming, and error-prone. Our Grid Software Installation Management Framework (GSIMF) is a set of Grid Services that has been developed for managing versioned and interdependent software applications and file-based databases over the Grid infrastructure. This set of Grid services provide a mechanism to install software packages on distributed Grid computing elements, thus automating the software and database installation management process on behalf of the users. This enables users to remotely install programs and tap into the computing power provided by Grids.

  19. Microcomputers and the Electrical Engineer.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-07-01

    MicroPro personnel will verify number of computers per training site and may conduct audits at any time . Licenses cannot be granted to organizations...Chapter 1 Legalities of Software Duplication Any discussion of microcomputers will, sooner or later, lead to the topic of whether or...It is important that these discussions are based on fact and that legal agreements have been made with manufacturers of software before any

  20. Documentation of a spatial data-base management system for monitoring pesticide application in Washington

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Schurr, K.M.; Cox, S.E.

    1994-01-01

    The Pesticide-Application Data-Base Management System was created as a demonstration project and was tested with data submitted to the Washington State Department of Agriculture by pesticide applicators from a small geographic area. These data were entered into the Department's relational data-base system and uploaded into the system's ARC/INFO files. Locations for pesticide applica- tions are assigned within the Public Land Survey System grids, and ARC/INFO programs in the Pesticide-Application Data-Base Management System can subdivide each survey section into sixteen idealized quarter-quarter sections for display map grids. The system provides data retrieval and geographic information system plotting capabilities from a menu of seven basic retrieval options. Additionally, ARC/INFO coverages can be created from the retrieved data when required for particular applications. The Pesticide-Application Data-Base Management System, or the general principles used in the system, could be adapted to other applica- tions or to other states.

  1. Microcomputer Audit Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adkins, Meredith C.; Lucas, Kathleen C.

    1986-01-01

    This checklist provides guidance on how to measure adequacy of control and security of computer systems, identifies areas of risk, raises management and user awareness of their stewardship responsibilities, and reviews issues relative to system documentation, maintenance, integrity, and reliability. (MBR)

  2. The Coral Triangle Atlas: An Integrated Online Spatial Database System for Improving Coral Reef Management

    PubMed Central

    Cros, Annick; Ahamad Fatan, Nurulhuda; White, Alan; Teoh, Shwu Jiau; Tan, Stanley; Handayani, Christian; Huang, Charles; Peterson, Nate; Venegas Li, Ruben; Siry, Hendra Yusran; Fitriana, Ria; Gove, Jamison; Acoba, Tomoko; Knight, Maurice; Acosta, Renerio; Andrew, Neil; Beare, Doug

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we describe the construction of an online GIS database system, hosted by WorldFish, which stores bio-physical, ecological and socio-economic data for the ‘Coral Triangle Area’ in South-east Asia and the Pacific. The database has been built in partnership with all six (Timor-Leste, Malaysia, Indonesia, The Philippines, Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea) of the Coral Triangle countries, and represents a valuable source of information for natural resource managers at the regional scale. Its utility is demonstrated using biophysical data, data summarising marine habitats, and data describing the extent of marine protected areas in the region. PMID:24941442

  3. The Coral Triangle Atlas: an integrated online spatial database system for improving coral reef management.

    PubMed

    Cros, Annick; Ahamad Fatan, Nurulhuda; White, Alan; Teoh, Shwu Jiau; Tan, Stanley; Handayani, Christian; Huang, Charles; Peterson, Nate; Venegas Li, Ruben; Siry, Hendra Yusran; Fitriana, Ria; Gove, Jamison; Acoba, Tomoko; Knight, Maurice; Acosta, Renerio; Andrew, Neil; Beare, Doug

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we describe the construction of an online GIS database system, hosted by WorldFish, which stores bio-physical, ecological and socio-economic data for the 'Coral Triangle Area' in South-east Asia and the Pacific. The database has been built in partnership with all six (Timor-Leste, Malaysia, Indonesia, The Philippines, Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea) of the Coral Triangle countries, and represents a valuable source of information for natural resource managers at the regional scale. Its utility is demonstrated using biophysical data, data summarising marine habitats, and data describing the extent of marine protected areas in the region.

  4. NDT-COMP9 microcomputer

    SciTech Connect

    Dodd, C.V.; Cowan, R.F.

    1980-09-01

    An 8080-based microcomputer system, the NDT-COMP9, has been designed for instrumentation control and data analysis in eddy-current tests. The NDT-COMP9 represents a significantly more powerful computer system than the NDT-COMP8 microcomputer from which it was developed. The NDT-COMP9 system is contained on a 240- by 120-mm (9.5- by 4.8-in.) circuit board and will fit in a four-wide Nuclear Instrumentation Module (NIM) BIN with 26-pin edge connectors. In addition to the 8080-compatible central processing unit (CPU), an arithmetic processing unit (APU) is available to provide up to 32-bit fixed- or floating-point, basic or transcendental math functions. The 16K of read only memory (ROM) and random access memory (RAM), one serial input-output (I/O) port (RS-232-C at a maximum speed of 9600 baud), and 72 parallel I/O ports are available. The baud rate is under software control. A system monitor and math package are available for use with the microcomputer.

  5. Microcomputer Checks Butt-Weld Accuracy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clisham, W.; Garner, W.; Cohen, C.; Beal, J.; Polen, R.; Lloyd, J.

    1982-01-01

    Electrical gage and microcomputer eliminate time-consuming manual measurements. Alinement and angle of plates on either side of butt weld are measured and recorded automatically by hand-held gage and desk-top microcomputer. Gage/micro-computer quickly determine whether weld is within dimensional tolerances or whether reworking is needed. Microcomputer prints out measurements while operator moves gage from point to point along weld. Out-of-tolerance measurements are marked by an asterisk on printout.

  6. TheSNPpit—A High Performance Database System for Managing Large Scale SNP Data

    PubMed Central

    Groeneveld, Eildert; Lichtenberg, Helmut

    2016-01-01

    The fast development of high throughput genotyping has opened up new possibilities in genetics while at the same time producing considerable data handling issues. TheSNPpit is a database system for managing large amounts of multi panel SNP genotype data from any genotyping platform. With an increasing rate of genotyping in areas like animal and plant breeding as well as human genetics, already now hundreds of thousand of individuals need to be managed. While the common database design with one row per SNP can manage hundreds of samples this approach becomes progressively slower as the size of the data sets increase until it finally fails completely once tens or even hundreds of thousands of individuals need to be managed. TheSNPpit has implemented three ideas to also accomodate such large scale experiments: highly compressed vector storage in a relational database, set based data manipulation, and a very fast export written in C with Perl as the base for the framework and PostgreSQL as the database backend. Its novel subset system allows the creation of named subsets based on the filtering of SNP (based on major allele frequency, no-calls, and chromosomes) and manually applied sample and SNP lists at negligible storage costs, thus avoiding the issue of proliferating file copies. The named subsets are exported for down stream analysis. PLINK ped and map files are processed as in- and outputs. TheSNPpit allows management of different panel sizes in the same population of individuals when higher density panels replace previous lower density versions as it occurs in animal and plant breeding programs. A completely generalized procedure allows storage of phenotypes. TheSNPpit only occupies 2 bits for storing a single SNP implying a capacity of 4 mio SNPs per 1MB of disk storage. To investigate performance scaling, a database with more than 18.5 mio samples has been created with 3.4 trillion SNPs from 12 panels ranging from 1000 through 20 mio SNPs resulting in a

  7. TheSNPpit-A High Performance Database System for Managing Large Scale SNP Data.

    PubMed

    Groeneveld, Eildert; Lichtenberg, Helmut

    2016-01-01

    The fast development of high throughput genotyping has opened up new possibilities in genetics while at the same time producing considerable data handling issues. TheSNPpit is a database system for managing large amounts of multi panel SNP genotype data from any genotyping platform. With an increasing rate of genotyping in areas like animal and plant breeding as well as human genetics, already now hundreds of thousand of individuals need to be managed. While the common database design with one row per SNP can manage hundreds of samples this approach becomes progressively slower as the size of the data sets increase until it finally fails completely once tens or even hundreds of thousands of individuals need to be managed. TheSNPpit has implemented three ideas to also accomodate such large scale experiments: highly compressed vector storage in a relational database, set based data manipulation, and a very fast export written in C with Perl as the base for the framework and PostgreSQL as the database backend. Its novel subset system allows the creation of named subsets based on the filtering of SNP (based on major allele frequency, no-calls, and chromosomes) and manually applied sample and SNP lists at negligible storage costs, thus avoiding the issue of proliferating file copies. The named subsets are exported for down stream analysis. PLINK ped and map files are processed as in- and outputs. TheSNPpit allows management of different panel sizes in the same population of individuals when higher density panels replace previous lower density versions as it occurs in animal and plant breeding programs. A completely generalized procedure allows storage of phenotypes. TheSNPpit only occupies 2 bits for storing a single SNP implying a capacity of 4 mio SNPs per 1MB of disk storage. To investigate performance scaling, a database with more than 18.5 mio samples has been created with 3.4 trillion SNPs from 12 panels ranging from 1000 through 20 mio SNPs resulting in a

  8. MouseNet database: digital management of a large-scale mutagenesis project.

    PubMed

    Pargent, W; Heffner, S; Schäble, K F; Soewarto, D; Fuchs, H; Hrabé de Angelis, M

    2000-07-01

    The Munich ENU Mouse Mutagenesis Screen is a large-scale mutant production, phenotyping, and mapping project. It encompasses two animal breeding facilities and a number of screening groups located in the general area of Munich. A central database is required to manage and process the immense amount of data generated by the mutagenesis project. This database, which we named MouseNet(c), runs on a Sybase platform and will finally store and process all data from the entire project. In addition, the system comprises a portfolio of functions needed to support the workflow management of the core facility and the screening groups. MouseNet(c) will make all of the data available to the participating screening groups, and later to the international scientific community. MouseNet(c) will consist of three major software components:* Animal Management System (AMS)* Sample Tracking System (STS)* Result Documentation System (RDS)MouseNet(c) provides the following major advantages:* being accessible from different client platforms via the Internet* being a full-featured multi-user system (including access restriction and data locking mechanisms)* relying on a professional RDBMS (relational database management system) which runs on a UNIX server platform* supplying workflow functions and a variety of plausibility checks.

  9. ALARA database value in future outage work planning and dose management

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, D.W.; Green, W.H.

    1995-03-01

    ALARA database encompassing job-specific duration and man-rem plant specific information over three refueling outages represents an invaluable tool for the outage work planner and ALARA engineer. This paper describes dose-management trends emerging based on analysis of three refueling outages at Clinton Power Station. Conclusions reached based on hard data available from a relational database dose-tracking system is a valuable tool for planning of future outage work. The system`s ability to identify key problem areas during a refueling outage is improving as more outage comparative data becomes available. Trends over a three outage period are identified in this paper in the categories of number and type of radiation work permits implemented, duration of jobs, projected vs. actual dose rates in work areas, and accuracy of outage person-rem projection. The value of the database in projecting 1 and 5 year station person-rem estimates is discussed.

  10. A Conceptual Model and Database to Integrate Data and Project Management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guarinello, M. L.; Edsall, R.; Helbling, J.; Evaldt, E.; Glenn, N. F.; Delparte, D.; Sheneman, L.; Schumaker, R.

    2015-12-01

    Data management is critically foundational to doing effective science in our data-intensive research era and done well can enhance collaboration, increase the value of research data, and support requirements by funding agencies to make scientific data and other research products available through publically accessible online repositories. However, there are few examples (but see the Long-term Ecological Research Network Data Portal) of these data being provided in such a manner that allows exploration within the context of the research process - what specific research questions do these data seek to answer? what data were used to answer these questions? what data would have been helpful to answer these questions but were not available? We propose an agile conceptual model and database design, as well as example results, that integrate data management with project management not only to maximize the value of research data products but to enhance collaboration during the project and the process of project management itself. In our project, which we call 'Data Map,' we used agile principles by adopting a user-focused approach and by designing our database to be simple, responsive, and expandable. We initially designed Data Map for the Idaho EPSCoR project "Managing Idaho's Landscapes for Ecosystem Services (MILES)" (see https://www.idahoecosystems.org//) and will present example results for this work. We consulted with our primary users- project managers, data managers, and researchers to design the Data Map. Results will be useful to project managers and to funding agencies reviewing progress because they will readily provide answers to the questions "For which research projects/questions are data available and/or being generated by MILES researchers?" and "Which research projects/questions are associated with each of the 3 primary questions from the MILES proposal?" To be responsive to the needs of the project, we chose to streamline our design for the prototype

  11. Rhode Island Water Supply System Management Plan Database (WSSMP-Version 1.0)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Granato, Gregory E.

    2004-01-01

    In Rhode Island, the availability of water of sufficient quality and quantity to meet current and future environmental and economic needs is vital to life and the State's economy. Water suppliers, the Rhode Island Water Resources Board (RIWRB), and other State agencies responsible for water resources in Rhode Island need information about available resources, the water-supply infrastructure, and water use patterns. These decision makers need historical, current, and future water-resource information. In 1997, the State of Rhode Island formalized a system of Water Supply System Management Plans (WSSMPs) to characterize and document relevant water-supply information. All major water suppliers (those that obtain, transport, purchase, or sell more than 50 million gallons of water per year) are required to prepare, maintain, and carry out WSSMPs. An electronic database for this WSSMP information has been deemed necessary by the RIWRB for water suppliers and State agencies to consistently document, maintain, and interpret the information in these plans. Availability of WSSMP data in standard formats will allow water suppliers and State agencies to improve the understanding of water-supply systems and to plan for future needs or water-supply emergencies. In 2002, however, the Rhode Island General Assembly passed a law that classifies some of the WSSMP information as confidential to protect the water-supply infrastructure from potential terrorist threats. Therefore the WSSMP database was designed for an implementation method that will balance security concerns with the information needs of the RIWRB, suppliers, other State agencies, and the public. A WSSMP database was developed by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the RIWRB. The database was designed to catalog WSSMP information in a format that would accommodate synthesis of current and future information about Rhode Island's water-supply infrastructure. This report documents the design and implementation of

  12. Watershed Data Management (WDM) Database for Salt Creek Streamflow Simulation, DuPage County, Illinois

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Murphy, Elizabeth A.; Ishii, Audrey

    2006-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with DuPage County Department of Engineering, Stormwater Management Division, maintains a database of hourly meteorologic and hydrologic data for use in a near real-time streamflow simulation system, which assists in the management and operation of reservoirs and other flood-control structures in the Salt Creek watershed in DuPage County, Illinois. The majority of the precipitation data are collected from a tipping-bucket rain-gage network located in and near DuPage County. The other meteorologic data (wind speed, solar radiation, air temperature, and dewpoint temperature) are collected at Argonne National Laboratory in Argonne, Illinois. Potential evapotranspiration is computed from the meteorologic data. The hydrologic data (discharge and stage) are collected at USGS streamflow-gaging stations in DuPage County. These data are stored in a Watershed Data Management (WDM) database. This report describes a version of the WDM database that was quality-assured and quality-controlled annually to ensure the datasets were complete and accurate. This version of the WDM database contains data from January 1, 1997, through September 30, 2004, and is named SEP04.WDM. This report provides a record of time periods of poor data for each precipitation dataset and describes methods used to estimate the data for the periods when data were missing, flawed, or snowfall-affected. The precipitation dataset data-filling process was changed in 2001, and both processes are described. The other meteorologic and hydrologic datasets in the database are fully described in the annual U.S. Geological Survey Water Data Report for Illinois and, therefore, are described in less detail than the precipitation datasets in this report.

  13. Drug residues in urban water: A database for ecotoxicological risk management.

    PubMed

    Destrieux, Doriane; Laurent, François; Budzinski, Hélène; Pedelucq, Julie; Vervier, Philippe; Gerino, Magali

    2017-12-31

    Human-use drug residues (DR) are only partially eliminated by waste water treatment plants (WWTPs), so that residual amounts can reach natural waters and cause environmental hazards. In order to properly manage these hazards in the aquatic environment, a database is made available that integrates the concentration ranges for DR, which cause adverse effects for aquatic organisms, and the temporal variations of the ecotoxicological risks. To implement this database for the ecotoxicological risk assessment (ERA database), the required information for each DR is the predicted no effect concentrations (PNECs), along with the predicted environmental concentrations (PECs). The risk assessment is based on the ratio between the PNECs and the PECs. Adverse effect data or PNECs have been found in the publicly available literature for 45 substances. These ecotoxicity test data have been extracted from 125 different sources. This ERA database contains 1157 adverse effect data and 287 PNECs. The efficiency of this ERA database was tested with a data set coming from a simultaneous survey of WWTPs and the natural environment. In this data set, 26 DR were searched for in two WWTPs and in the river. On five sampling dates, concentrations measured in the river for 10 DR could pose environmental problems of which 7 were measured only downstream of WWTP outlets. From scientific literature and measurements, data implementation with unit homogenisation in a single database facilitates the actual ecotoxicological risk assessment, and may be useful for further risk coming from data arising from the future field survey. Moreover, the accumulation of a large ecotoxicity data set in a single database should not only improve knowledge of higher risk molecules but also supply an objective tool to help the rapid and efficient evaluation of the risk. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. The Kepler DB, a Database Management System for Arrays, Sparse Arrays and Binary Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    McCauliff, Sean; Cote, Miles T.; Girouard, Forrest R.; Middour, Christopher; Klaus, Todd C.; Wohler, Bill

    2010-01-01

    The Kepler Science Operations Center stores pixel values on approximately six million pixels collected every 30-minutes, as well as data products that are generated as a result of running the Kepler science processing pipeline. The Kepler Database (Kepler DB) management system was created to act as the repository of this information. After one year of ight usage, Kepler DB is managing 3 TiB of data and is expected to grow to over 10 TiB over the course of the mission. Kepler DB is a non-relational, transactional database where data are represented as one dimensional arrays, sparse arrays or binary large objects. We will discuss Kepler DB's APIs, implementation, usage and deployment at the Kepler Science Operations Center.

  15. A Prescribed Fire Emission Factors Database for Land Management and Air Quality Applications

    SciTech Connect

    Lincoln, Emily; Hao, WeiMin; Baker, S.; Yokelson, Robert J.; Burling, Ian R.; Urbanski, Shawn; Miller, J. Wayne; Weise, David; Johnson, Timothy J.

    2010-12-20

    The Clean Air Act, its amendments, and air quality regulations require that prescribed fire managers estimate the quantity of emissions that a prescribed fire will produce. Information on emissions is available for these calculations; however, it is often incomplete or difficult to find. Tables and computer models can also provide some of this information, but the quality and applicability of the data to a specific site are unknown. In conjunction with three research projects developing new emissions data and meteorological tools to assist prescribed fire managers, the Resource Conservation and Climate Change Program Area of the Department of Defense's Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program is supporting development of a database that contains emissions information related to prescribed burning. Ultimately the vetted database will be available on the Internet and will contain emissions information that has been developed from laboratory and field-scale measurements and has been published.

  16. Dynamic tables: an architecture for managing evolving, heterogeneous biomedical data in relational database management systems.

    PubMed

    Corwin, John; Silberschatz, Avi; Miller, Perry L; Marenco, Luis

    2007-01-01

    Data sparsity and schema evolution issues affecting clinical informatics and bioinformatics communities have led to the adoption of vertical or object-attribute-value-based database schemas to overcome limitations posed when using conventional relational database technology. This paper explores these issues and discusses why biomedical data are difficult to model using conventional relational techniques. The authors propose a solution to these obstacles based on a relational database engine using a sparse, column-store architecture. The authors provide benchmarks comparing the performance of queries and schema-modification operations using three different strategies: (1) the standard conventional relational design; (2) past approaches used by biomedical informatics researchers; and (3) their sparse, column-store architecture. The performance results show that their architecture is a promising technique for storing and processing many types of data that are not handled well by the other two semantic data models.

  17. Dynamic Tables: An Architecture for Managing Evolving, Heterogeneous Biomedical Data in Relational Database Management Systems

    PubMed Central

    Corwin, John; Silberschatz, Avi; Miller, Perry L.; Marenco, Luis

    2007-01-01

    Data sparsity and schema evolution issues affecting clinical informatics and bioinformatics communities have led to the adoption of vertical or object-attribute–value-based database schemas to overcome limitations posed when using conventional relational database technology. This paper explores these issues and discusses why biomedical data are difficult to model using conventional relational techniques. The authors propose a solution to these obstacles based on a relational database engine using a sparse, column-store architecture. The authors provide benchmarks comparing the performance of queries and schema-modification operations using three different strategies: (1) the standard conventional relational design; (2) past approaches used by biomedical informatics researchers; and (3) their sparse, column-store architecture. The performance results show that their architecture is a promising technique for storing and processing many types of data that are not handled well by the other two semantic data models. PMID:17068350

  18. Integrating Micro-computers with a Centralized DBMS: ORACLE, SEED AND INGRES

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hoerger, J.

    1984-01-01

    Users of ADABAS, a relational-like data base management system (ADABAS) with its data base programming language (NATURAL) are acquiring microcomputers with hopes of solving their individual word processing, office automation, decision support, and simple data processing problems. As processor speeds, memory sizes, and disk storage capacities increase, individual departments begin to maintain "their own" data base on "their own" micro-computer. This situation can adversely affect several of the primary goals set for implementing a centralized DBMS. In order to avoid this potential problem, these micro-computers must be integrated with the centralized DBMS. An easy to use and flexible means for transferring logic data base files between the central data base machine and micro-computers must be provided. Some of the problems encounted in an effort to accomplish this integration and possible solutions are discussed.

  19. Integrating Micro-computers with a Centralized DBMS: ORACLE, SEED AND INGRES

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hoerger, J.

    1984-01-01

    Users of ADABAS, a relational-like data base management system (ADABAS) with its data base programming language (NATURAL) are acquiring microcomputers with hopes of solving their individual word processing, office automation, decision support, and simple data processing problems. As processor speeds, memory sizes, and disk storage capacities increase, individual departments begin to maintain "their own" data base on "their own" micro-computer. This situation can adversely affect several of the primary goals set for implementing a centralized DBMS. In order to avoid this potential problem, these micro-computers must be integrated with the centralized DBMS. An easy to use and flexible means for transferring logic data base files between the central data base machine and micro-computers must be provided. Some of the problems encounted in an effort to accomplish this integration and possible solutions are discussed.

  20. Performance Measurement of Three Commercial Object-Oriented Database Management Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-12-01

    24 2.6 Computer Simulation .............................. 26 2.7 Current Simulation Systems Using Object-Oriented DBMSs. .. 26 2.7.1 Visual...the performance levels offered in current commercial object-oriented database management systems. We also concluded that a programming language...about DBMS benchmarks and current simulations to define a simple simulation. The benchmark was to be qualitative as well as quantitative. The benchmark

  1. Database Access Manager for the Software Engineering Laboratory (DAMSEL) user's guide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    Operating instructions for the Database Access Manager for the Software Engineering Laboratory (DAMSEL) system are presented. Step-by-step instructions for performing various data entry and report generation activities are included. Sample sessions showing the user interface display screens are also included. Instructions for generating reports are accompanied by sample outputs for each of the reports. The document groups the available software functions by the classes of users that may access them.

  2. Database system for management of health physics and industrial hygiene records.

    SciTech Connect

    Murdoch, B. T.; Blomquist, J. A.; Cooke, R. H.; Davis, J. T.; Davis, T. M.; Dolecek, E. H.; Halka-Peel, L.; Johnson, D.; Keto, D. N.; Reyes, L. R.; Schlenker, R. A.; Woodring; J. L.

    1999-10-05

    This paper provides an overview of the Worker Protection System (WPS), a client/server, Windows-based database management system for essential radiological protection and industrial hygiene. Seven operational modules handle records for external dosimetry, bioassay/internal dosimetry, sealed sources, routine radiological surveys, lasers, workplace exposure, and respirators. WPS utilizes the latest hardware and software technologies to provide ready electronic access to a consolidated source of worker protection.

  3. Pan Air Geometry Management System (PAGMS): A data-base management system for PAN AIR geometry data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hall, J. F.

    1981-01-01

    A data-base management system called PAGMS was developed to facilitate the data transfer in applications computer programs that create, modify, plot or otherwise manipulate PAN AIR type geometry data in preparation for input to the PAN AIR system of computer programs. PAGMS is composed of a series of FORTRAN callable subroutines which can be accessed directly from applications programs. Currently only a NOS version of PAGMS has been developed.

  4. Adding Hierarchical Objects to Relational Database General-Purpose XML-Based Information Managements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lin, Shu-Chun; Knight, Chris; La, Tracy; Maluf, David; Bell, David; Tran, Khai Peter; Gawdiak, Yuri

    2006-01-01

    NETMARK is a flexible, high-throughput software system for managing, storing, and rapid searching of unstructured and semi-structured documents. NETMARK transforms such documents from their original highly complex, constantly changing, heterogeneous data formats into well-structured, common data formats in using Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and/or Extensible Markup Language (XML). The software implements an object-relational database system that combines the best practices of the relational model utilizing Structured Query Language (SQL) with those of the object-oriented, semantic database model for creating complex data. In particular, NETMARK takes advantage of the Oracle 8i object-relational database model using physical-address data types for very efficient keyword searches of records across both context and content. NETMARK also supports multiple international standards such as WEBDAV for drag-and-drop file management and SOAP for integrated information management using Web services. The document-organization and -searching capabilities afforded by NETMARK are likely to make this software attractive for use in disciplines as diverse as science, auditing, and law enforcement.

  5. SNPpy - Database Management for SNP Data from Genome Wide Association Studies

    PubMed Central

    Mitha, Faheem; Herodotou, Herodotos; Borisov, Nedyalko; Jiang, Chen; Yoder, Josh; Owzar, Kouros

    2011-01-01

    Background We describe SNPpy, a hybrid script database system using the Python SQLAlchemy library coupled with the PostgreSQL database to manage genotype data from Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS). This system makes it possible to merge study data with HapMap data and merge across studies for meta-analyses, including data filtering based on the values of phenotype and Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) data. SNPpy and its dependencies are open source software. Results The current version of SNPpy offers utility functions to import genotype and annotation data from two commercial platforms. We use these to import data from two GWAS studies and the HapMap Project. We then export these individual datasets to standard data format files that can be imported into statistical software for downstream analyses. Conclusions By leveraging the power of relational databases, SNPpy offers integrated management and manipulation of genotype and phenotype data from GWAS studies. The analysis of these studies requires merging across GWAS datasets as well as patient and marker selection. To this end, SNPpy enables the user to filter the data and output the results as standardized GWAS file formats. It does low level and flexible data validation, including validation of patient data. SNPpy is a practical and extensible solution for investigators who seek to deploy central management of their GWAS data. PMID:22039405

  6. Representing and querying conceptual graphs with relational database management systems is possible.

    PubMed Central

    Schadow, G.; Barnes, M. R.; McDonald, C. J.

    2001-01-01

    This is an experimental study on the feasibility of maintaining medical concept dictionaries in production grade relational database management systems (RDBMS.) In the past, RDBMS did not support transitive relational structures and had therefore been unsuitable for managing knowledge bases. The revised SQL-99 standard, however, may change this. In this paper we show that modern RDBMS that support recursive queries are capable of querying transitive relationships in a generic data model. We show a simple but efficient indexed representation of transitive closure. We could confirm that even challenging combined transitive relationships can be queried in SQL. PMID:11825256

  7. Designing an efficient electroencephalography system using database with embedded images management approach.

    PubMed

    Yu, Tzu-Yi; Ho, Hsu-Hua

    2014-01-01

    Many diseases associated with mental deterioration among aged patients can be effectively treated using neurological treatments. Research shows that electroencephalography (EEG) can be used as an independent prognostic indicator of morbidity and mortality. Unfortunately, EEG data are typically inaccessible to modern software. It is therefore important to design a comprehensive approach to integrate EEG results into institutional medical systems. A customized EEG system utilizing a database management approach was designed to bridge the gap between the commercial EEG software and hospital data management platforms. Practical and useful medical findings are discoursed from statistical analysis of large amounts of EEG data. © 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  8. Combining new technologies for effective collection development: a bibliometric study using CD-ROM and a database management program.

    PubMed Central

    Burnham, J F; Shearer, B S; Wall, J C

    1992-01-01

    Librarians have used bibliometrics for many years to assess collections and to provide data for making selection and deselection decisions. With the advent of new technology--specifically, CD-ROM databases and reprint file database management programs--new cost-effective procedures can be developed. This paper describes a recent multidisciplinary study conducted by two library faculty members and one allied health faculty member to test a bibliometric method that used the MEDLINE and CINAHL databases on CD-ROM and the Papyrus database management program to produce a new collection development methodology. PMID:1600424

  9. Reengineering a database for clinical trials management: lessons for system architects.

    PubMed

    Brandt, C A; Nadkarni, P; Marenco, L; Karras, B T; Lu, C; Schacter, L; Fisk, J M; Miller, P L

    2000-10-01

    This paper describes the process of enhancing Trial/DB, a database system for clinical studies management. The system's enhancements have been driven by the need to maximize the effectiveness of developer personnel in supporting numerous and diverse users, of study designers in setting up new studies, and of administrators in managing ongoing studies. Trial/DB was originally designed to work over a local area network within a single institution, and basic architectural changes were necessary to make it work over the Internet efficiently as well as securely. Further, as its use spread to diverse communities of users, changes were made to let the processes of study design and project management adapt to the working styles of the principal investigators and administrators for each study. The lessons learned in the process should prove instructive for system architects as well as managers of electronic patient record systems.

  10. A microcomputer-controlled laser beam analyzer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hand, L. E.; Nagle, H. T., Jr.; Kerns, D. V., Jr.

    1982-07-01

    A microcomputer-controlled laser beam analyzer is described. It uses five INTEL 8080 microcomputers to calculate the beam's peak intensity, peak intensity coordinates, centroid coordinates, beam energy, and beam quality in real time. Its application to the U.S. Army's gas-dynamic laser is illustrated.

  11. Diversity of Microcomputer Implementations: A Process Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bond, Elden A.

    1988-01-01

    Discussion of educational innovations and their implementation highlights a study of school principals in Washington State that was conducted to determine whether the microcomputer is similar or fundamentally different to other educational innovations. Attitudes toward the educational use of microcomputers were examined as well as relationships…

  12. Using a Microcomputer in Science Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowbotham, Neil

    1981-01-01

    Explores several options and advantages of using microcomputers in science teaching. Describes programs for calculating pH, Maxwell-Boltzman distribution of velocities in a gas, atomic orbitals, and lattice energies. Also suggests use of microcomputers in the areas of simulations, scoring tests, and controlling stock. (DS)

  13. The Apple Microcomputer in School Learning Centers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, John W.

    1982-01-01

    The learning center is a cost-effective and popular way to introduce hearing impaired students and their teachers to microcomputers. (A brief listing of software companies and computer periodicals is included.) The use of the Apple microcomputer in a learning center in a school for the deaf is discussed. (CL)

  14. The Effectiveness of Microcomputers in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ploeger, Floyd D.

    This in-depth review of the literature synthesizes articles and abstracts identified as education-oriented microcomputer research studies published since 1979. A brief, historic overview of educational computing is followed by a review of the Becker (1983) survey, which concerned the distribution of microcomputers in education in the United…

  15. Using the Microcomputer to Develop Listening Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohler, Stephen C.

    A college-level introductory Spanish instructional system uses an interactive combination of microcomputer and program-stop tape recorder to enhance students' listening skills. The basic content is listening drills, adapted to the computer medium. Microcomputer use adds considerable versatility to instructional materials, including such features…

  16. Microcomputers in Education. Report No. 4798.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feurzeig, W.; And Others

    A brief review of the history of computer-assisted instruction and discussion of the current and potential roles of microcomputers in education introduce this review of the capabilities of state-of-the-art microcomputers and currently available software for them, and some speculations about future trends and developments. A survey of current…

  17. A microcomputer-based preventive maintenance system.

    PubMed

    Rohrer, R A

    1983-01-01

    A medical equipment preventive maintenance system using a Radio Shack microcomputer is described. The system generates a schedule of equipment to be inspected each week. The software is written in BASIC for easy modification or transfer to other commercially available microcomputers. The system has been in use for nine months with good results.

  18. Integrating Mainframe Data Bases on a Microcomputer

    PubMed Central

    Marciniak, Thomas A.

    1985-01-01

    Microcomputers support user-friendly software for interrogating their resident data bases. Many medical data bases currently consist of files on less accessible mainframe computers with more limited inquiry capabilities. We discuss the transferring and integrating of mainframe data into microcomputer data base systems in one medical environment.

  19. Introduction to Microcomputers. Inservice Series No. 16.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Mary Alice

    This manual is designed to introduce adults to microcomputers. It is planned for use with a series of five two-hour labs on Apple II or IIe computers, with participants expected to review sections and practice on a microcomputer between sessions. The goals are to have participants (1) understand how programing languages work, (2) understand the…

  20. Using Microcomputers in Teaching Vocational Agriculture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrick, R. Kirby, Ed.

    This collection of articles is designed to help vocational agriculture teachers use microcomputers in teaching. The guide covers both the different types of software and the ways they can be applied in teaching. The guide is organized in three sections. The first section covers types of programs and includes "Selection of Microcomputer Hardware…

  1. The Microcomputer-Based Science Laboratory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bross, Thomas R.

    1986-01-01

    Discusses the use of microcomputers in science education: (1) computer-assisted instruction; (2) testing; (3) data processing; (4) simulation; (5) teacher assistance; and (6) data collection. Gives educational applications of microcomputer-based laboratories, pointing out advantages and disadvantages. Outlines current drawbacks and makes…

  2. Use of Microcomputers to Prepare Scientific Documents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ristroph, John H.

    1987-01-01

    Presents methods for preparing technical documents on microcomputers by modifying WordStar and using inexpensive software to create scientific symbols and other characters needed. Procedures are described for use with a Zenith A-100 microcomputer and an Epson FX dot matrix printer, and may be adapted for other configurations. (LRW)

  3. Microcomputers in Special Education: Promises and Pitfalls.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Budoff, Milton; Hutten, Leah R.

    1982-01-01

    The paper indicates major features of microcomputer systems and suggests limitations of the current microcomputer systems for special education applications. Many questions about the effectiveness of computer assisted instruction with special populations remain. Teachers must become computer literate, knowledgeable in instructional classroom…

  4. Preschooler's Use of Microcomputers and Input Devices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, John; Alloway, Nola

    1992-01-01

    Describes a study that measured preschoolers' use of microcomputers in the following areas: (1) efficiency of use of input devices, including the keyboard, the joystick, and the mouse; (2) use during free-play activities, including interaction with the microcomputer and with each other; and (3) gender differences. (40 references) (LRW)

  5. Microcomputer Usage in Schools, 1984-1985.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quality Education Data, Inc., Denver, CO.

    Results are presented for the fourth annual survey of all U.S. school districts by Quality Educational Data, Inc. Findings are displayed in tabular form and include information on the following: market penetration by major brands of microcomputers in school districts and buildings; school districts that use microcomputers and the brand or…

  6. Metabolonote: a wiki-based database for managing hierarchical metadata of metabolome analyses.

    PubMed

    Ara, Takeshi; Enomoto, Mitsuo; Arita, Masanori; Ikeda, Chiaki; Kera, Kota; Yamada, Manabu; Nishioka, Takaaki; Ikeda, Tasuku; Nihei, Yoshito; Shibata, Daisuke; Kanaya, Shigehiko; Sakurai, Nozomu

    2015-01-01

    Metabolomics - technology for comprehensive detection of small molecules in an organism - lags behind the other "omics" in terms of publication and dissemination of experimental data. Among the reasons for this are difficulty precisely recording information about complicated analytical experiments (metadata), existence of various databases with their own metadata descriptions, and low reusability of the published data, resulting in submitters (the researchers who generate the data) being insufficiently motivated. To tackle these issues, we developed Metabolonote, a Semantic MediaWiki-based database designed specifically for managing metabolomic metadata. We also defined a metadata and data description format, called "Togo Metabolome Data" (TogoMD), with an ID system that is required for unique access to each level of the tree-structured metadata such as study purpose, sample, analytical method, and data analysis. Separation of the management of metadata from that of data and permission to attach related information to the metadata provide advantages for submitters, readers, and database developers. The metadata are enriched with information such as links to comparable data, thereby functioning as a hub of related data resources. They also enhance not only readers' understanding and use of data but also submitters' motivation to publish the data. The metadata are computationally shared among other systems via APIs, which facilitate the construction of novel databases by database developers. A permission system that allows publication of immature metadata and feedback from readers also helps submitters to improve their metadata. Hence, this aspect of Metabolonote, as a metadata preparation tool, is complementary to high-quality and persistent data repositories such as MetaboLights. A total of 808 metadata for analyzed data obtained from 35 biological species are published currently. Metabolonote and related tools are available free of cost at http://metabolonote.kazusa.or.jp/.

  7. Metabolonote: A Wiki-Based Database for Managing Hierarchical Metadata of Metabolome Analyses

    PubMed Central

    Ara, Takeshi; Enomoto, Mitsuo; Arita, Masanori; Ikeda, Chiaki; Kera, Kota; Yamada, Manabu; Nishioka, Takaaki; Ikeda, Tasuku; Nihei, Yoshito; Shibata, Daisuke; Kanaya, Shigehiko; Sakurai, Nozomu

    2015-01-01

    Metabolomics – technology for comprehensive detection of small molecules in an organism – lags behind the other “omics” in terms of publication and dissemination of experimental data. Among the reasons for this are difficulty precisely recording information about complicated analytical experiments (metadata), existence of various databases with their own metadata descriptions, and low reusability of the published data, resulting in submitters (the researchers who generate the data) being insufficiently motivated. To tackle these issues, we developed Metabolonote, a Semantic MediaWiki-based database designed specifically for managing metabolomic metadata. We also defined a metadata and data description format, called “Togo Metabolome Data” (TogoMD), with an ID system that is required for unique access to each level of the tree-structured metadata such as study purpose, sample, analytical method, and data analysis. Separation of the management of metadata from that of data and permission to attach related information to the metadata provide advantages for submitters, readers, and database developers. The metadata are enriched with information such as links to comparable data, thereby functioning as a hub of related data resources. They also enhance not only readers’ understanding and use of data but also submitters’ motivation to publish the data. The metadata are computationally shared among other systems via APIs, which facilitate the construction of novel databases by database developers. A permission system that allows publication of immature metadata and feedback from readers also helps submitters to improve their metadata. Hence, this aspect of Metabolonote, as a metadata preparation tool, is complementary to high-quality and persistent data repositories such as MetaboLights. A total of 808 metadata for analyzed data obtained from 35 biological species are published currently. Metabolonote and related tools are available free of cost at http

  8. Libraries in the Information Age: Where Are the Microcomputer and Laser Optical Disc Technologies Taking Us?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Ching-chih

    1986-01-01

    This discussion of information technology and its impact on library operations and services emphasizes the development of microcomputer and laser optical disc technologies. Libraries' earlier responses to bibliographic utilities, online databases, and online public access catalogs are described, and future directions for library services are…

  9. Solving Administrative Problems: Student Scheduling and Tracking System for the Microcomputer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolton, Brenda Anthony

    1982-01-01

    Describes the Student Scheduling and Tracking System (SSTS), which is a computerized student record database used in Davidson High School in Mobile, Alabama. The microcomputer-based system is used in report card preparation, student scheduling, and maintaining current student records. (JJD)

  10. Downsizing a database platform for increased performance and decreased costs

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, M.M.; Tolendino, L.F.

    1993-06-01

    Technological advances in the world of microcomputers have brought forth affordable systems and powerful software than can compete with the more traditional world of minicomputers. This paper describes an effort at Sandia National Laboratories to decrease operational and maintenance costs and increase performance by moving a database system from a minicomputer to a microcomputer.

  11. Microcomputer Polling Improvements for AFSATCOM.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-06-01

    SBC 80/20 SINGLE BOARD COMPUTER 28 5.2 NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR BLC 416 16K PROM BOARD 32 5.3 INTEL 450 16K RAM BOARD 32 5.4 I/O AND DISPLAY CIRCUITS 32...Data Adapter (Sheet 6) 41 5-10 SBC 80/20 Single Board Computer Interfaces (Sheet 7) 42 5-11 Slot Counter/Display (Sheet 8) 43 5-12 RS-232 Serial...report describes a breadb6ard microcomputer system based on an Intel SBC 80/20 Single Board Computer (SBC) which fulfills the project demonstration

  12. BDC: Operational Database Management for the SPOT/HELIOS Operations Control System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guiral, P.; Teodomante, S.

    Since operational database is essential for the executable environment of satellite control system (e.g. for monitoring and commanding), the French Space Agency (CNES), as ground segment designer and satellite operator, allocates important resources to Operational Database Management tools development. Indeed, this kind of tool is necessary in order to generate and maintain the operations control system (OCS) data repository during all the relevant space system life. In this context, the objectives of this paper are firstly to present lessons learnt from SPOT/Helios product line and secondly to point out the new challenges related to the increasing number of satellite systems to qualify and maintain during the upcoming years. "BDC", as a component of the SPOT / Helios operations control, is an Operational Database Management tool designed and developed by CNES. This tool has been used since 1998 for SPOT4, then has been upgraded for Helios 1A / 1B, SPOT5 and currently is being customized for Helios 2A. We emphasize the need for CNES of having at one's disposal a tool enabling a significant flexibility in handling data modification during technical and operational qualification phases. This implies: an evolution of the data exchanges between the satellite contractor, Astrium, and • CNES. constraints on the tool development process, leading to the choice of developing • first a prototype and then industrializing it. After a brief data description, the tool is technically described, in particular its architecture and the design choices that allow reusability for different satellites lines. Keywords: Satellite operations, Operations Control System, Data management, Relational Database.

  13. Enhancing Disaster Management: Development of a Spatial Database of Day Care Centers in the USA

    SciTech Connect

    Singh, Nagendra; Tuttle, Mark A.; Bhaduri, Budhendra L.

    2015-07-30

    Children under the age of five constitute around 7% of the total U.S. population and represent a segment of the population, which is totally dependent on others for day-to-day activities. A significant proportion of this population spends time in some form of day care arrangement while their parents are away from home. Accounting for those children during emergencies is of high priority, which requires a broad understanding of the locations of such day care centers. As concentrations of at risk population, the spatial location of day care centers is critical for any type of emergency preparedness and response (EPR). However, until recently, the U.S. emergency preparedness and response community did not have access to a comprehensive spatial database of day care centers at the national scale. This paper describes an approach for the development of the first comprehensive spatial database of day care center locations throughout the USA utilizing a variety of data harvesting techniques to integrate information from widely disparate data sources followed by geolocating for spatial precision. In the context of disaster management, such spatially refined demographic databases hold tremendous potential for improving high resolution population distribution and dynamics models and databases.

  14. Enhancing Disaster Management: Development of a Spatial Database of Day Care Centers in the USA

    DOE PAGES

    Singh, Nagendra; Tuttle, Mark A.; Bhaduri, Budhendra L.

    2015-07-30

    Children under the age of five constitute around 7% of the total U.S. population and represent a segment of the population, which is totally dependent on others for day-to-day activities. A significant proportion of this population spends time in some form of day care arrangement while their parents are away from home. Accounting for those children during emergencies is of high priority, which requires a broad understanding of the locations of such day care centers. As concentrations of at risk population, the spatial location of day care centers is critical for any type of emergency preparedness and response (EPR). However,more » until recently, the U.S. emergency preparedness and response community did not have access to a comprehensive spatial database of day care centers at the national scale. This paper describes an approach for the development of the first comprehensive spatial database of day care center locations throughout the USA utilizing a variety of data harvesting techniques to integrate information from widely disparate data sources followed by geolocating for spatial precision. In the context of disaster management, such spatially refined demographic databases hold tremendous potential for improving high resolution population distribution and dynamics models and databases.« less

  15. Database technology and the management of multimedia data in the Mirror project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Vries, Arjen P.; Blanken, H. M.

    1998-10-01

    Multimedia digital libraries require an open distributed architecture instead of a monolithic database system. In the Mirror project, we use the Monet extensible database kernel to manage different representation of multimedia objects. To maintain independence between content, meta-data, and the creation of meta-data, we allow distribution of data and operations using CORBA. This open architecture introduces new problems for data access. From an end user's perspective, the problem is how to search the available representations to fulfill an actual information need; the conceptual gap between human perceptual processes and the meta-data is too large. From a system's perspective, several representations of the data may semantically overlap or be irrelevant. We address these problems with an iterative query process and active user participating through relevance feedback. A retrieval model based on inference networks assists the user with query formulation. The integration of this model into the database design has two advantages. First, the user can query both the logical and the content structure of multimedia objects. Second, the use of different data models in the logical and the physical database design provides data independence and allows algebraic query optimization. We illustrate query processing with a music retrieval application.

  16. Fleet-Wide Prognostic and Health Management Suite: Asset Fault Signature Database

    SciTech Connect

    Vivek Agarwal; Nancy J. Lybeck; Randall Bickford; Richard Rusaw

    2015-06-01

    Proactive online monitoring in the nuclear industry is being explored using the Electric Power Research Institute’s Fleet-Wide Prognostic and Health Management (FW-PHM) Suite software. The FW-PHM Suite is a set of web-based diagnostic and prognostic tools and databases that serves as an integrated health monitoring architecture. The FW-PHM Suite has four main modules: (1) Diagnostic Advisor, (2) Asset Fault Signature (AFS) Database, (3) Remaining Useful Life Advisor, and (4) Remaining Useful Life Database. The paper focuses on the AFS Database of the FW-PHM Suite, which is used to catalog asset fault signatures. A fault signature is a structured representation of the information that an expert would use to first detect and then verify the occurrence of a specific type of fault. The fault signatures developed to assess the health status of generator step-up transformers are described in the paper. The developed fault signatures capture this knowledge and implement it in a standardized approach, thereby streamlining the diagnostic and prognostic process. This will support the automation of proactive online monitoring techniques in nuclear power plants to diagnose incipient faults, perform proactive maintenance, and estimate the remaining useful life of assets.

  17. A cohort and database study of airway management in patients undergoing thyroidectomy for retrosternal goitre.

    PubMed

    Gilfillan, N; Ball, C M; Myles, P S; Serpell, J; Johnson, W R; Paul, E

    2014-11-01

    Patients undergoing thyroid surgery with retrosternal goitre may raise concerns for the anaesthetist, especially airway management. We reviewed a multicentre prospective thyroid surgery database and extracted data for those patients with retrosternal goitre. Additionally, we reviewed the anaesthetic charts of patients with retrosternal goitre at our institution to identify the anaesthetic induction technique and airway management. Of 4572 patients in the database, 919 (20%) had a retrosternal goitre. Two cases of early postoperative tracheomalacia were reported, one in the retrosternal group. Despite some very large goitres, no patient required tracheostomy or cardiopulmonary bypass and there were no perioperative deaths. In the subset of 133 patients managed at our institution over six years, there were no major adverse anaesthetic outcomes and no patient had a failed airway or tracheomalacia. In the latter cohort, of 32 (24%) patients identified as having a potentially difficult airway, 17 underwent awake fibreoptic tracheal intubation, but two of these were abandoned and converted to intravenous induction and general anaesthesia. Eleven had inhalational induction; two of these were also abandoned and converted to intravenous induction and general anaesthesia. Of those suspected as having a difficult airway, 28 (87.5%) subsequently had direct laryngoscopy where the laryngeal inlet was clearly visible. We found no good evidence that thyroid surgery patients with retrosternal goitre, with or without symptoms and signs of tracheal compression, present the experienced anaesthetist with an airway that cannot be managed using conventional techniques. This does not preclude the need for multidisciplinary discussion and planning.

  18. Vasculitis integrated clinical assessment database: a data management system to support studies into systemic vasculitis.

    PubMed

    Wilson, Andrew S; Bacon, Paul A; Young, Stephen P; Carruthers, David M

    2010-01-01

    The systemic vasculitides are characterized by immune inflammation affecting blood vessels, which can lead to organ and tissue damage. Treatment has improved but optimum long-term management still remains unsatisfactory, requiring ongoing therapeutic studies. These often base their measures of efficacy on the outcome of clinical assessments which include the Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score and the Vasculitis Damage Index. Efficient management of assessment data is complex and often hampered by working with time-consuming paper-based systems. The Vasculitis Integrated Clinical Assessment Database (VICAD) was created to improve the process. VICAD was developed using Microsoft Access. Visual Basic for Applications and the Data Access Objects Application Programming Interface provide the functionality to assist with scoring, calculation of results, and storing of data. VICAD is an efficient system for managing data. Evaluation of its use showed an improvement in the completeness of patient assessments from 77% (paper based: n = 44) to 98% (computer based: n = 30). During development clinicians (n = 4) rated it at 8/10 for its layout and visual presentation and 8/10 for easy to use (intuitiveness and navigability). The development of an integrated and standardized system of data collection (VICAD) helps to support clinical decision making processes and report findings in a more timely manner. It is available free for use and modification under the GNU General Public License. The open source nature of VICAD could help to inform the design of other databases where management of complex information into important multisystem diseases is needed.

  19. An integrated proteome database for two-dimensional electrophoresis data analysis and laboratory information management system.

    PubMed

    Cho, Sang Yun; Park, Kang-Sik; Shim, Jung Eun; Kwon, Min-Seok; Joo, Kil Hong; Lee, Won Suk; Chang, Joon; Kim, Hoguen; Chung, Hyun Cheol; Kim, Hyun Ok; Paik, Young-Ki

    2002-09-01

    We describe an integrated proteome database, termed Yonsei Proteome Research Center Proteome Database (YPRC-PDB) which can store, retrieve and analyze various information including two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) images and associated spot information that were obtained during studies of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). YPRC-PDB is also designed to perform as a laboratory information management system that manages sample information, clinical background, conditions of both sample preparation and 2-DE, and entire sets of experimental results. It also features query system and data-mining applications, which are amenable to automatically analyze expression level changes of a specific protein and directly link to clinical information. The user interface is web-based, so that the results from other laboratories can be shared effectively. In particular, the master gel image query is equipped with a graphic tool that can easily identify the relationship between the specific pathological stage of HCC and expression levels of a potential marker protein on the master gel image. Thus, YPRC-PDB is a versatile integrated database suitable for subsequent analyses. The information in YPRC-PDB is updated easily and it is available to authorized users on the World Wide Web (http://yprcpdb.proteomix.org/ approximately damduck/).

  20. A Prescribed Fire Emission Factors Database for Land Management and Air Quality Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lincoln, E.; Hao, W.; Baker, S.; Yokelson, R. J.; Burling, I. R.; Urbanski, S. P.; Miller, W.; Weise, D. R.; Johnson, T. J.

    2010-12-01

    Prescribed fire is a significant emissions source in the U.S. and that needs to be adequately characterized in atmospheric transport/chemistry models. In addition, the Clean Air Act, its amendments, and air quality regulations require that prescribed fire managers estimate the quantity of emissions that a prescribed fire will produce. Several published papers contain a few emission factors for prescribed fire and additional results are found in unpublished documents whose quality has to be assessed. In conjunction with three research projects developing detailed new emissions data and meteorological tools to assist prescribed fire managers, the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) is supporting development of a database that contains emissions information related to prescribed burning. Ultimately, this database will be available on the Internet and will contain older emissions information that has been assessed and newer emissions information that has been developed from both laboratory-scale and field measurements. The database currently contains emissions information from over 300 burns of different wildland vegetation types, including grasslands, shrublands, woodlands, forests, and tundra over much of North America. A summary of the compiled data will be presented, along with suggestions for additional categories.

  1. National information network and database system of hazardous waste management in China

    SciTech Connect

    Ma Hongchang

    1996-12-31

    Industries in China generate large volumes of hazardous waste, which makes it essential for the nation to pay more attention to hazardous waste management. National laws and regulations, waste surveys, and manifest tracking and permission systems have been initiated. Some centralized hazardous waste disposal facilities are under construction. China`s National Environmental Protection Agency (NEPA) has also obtained valuable information on hazardous waste management from developed countries. To effectively share this information with local environmental protection bureaus, NEPA developed a national information network and database system for hazardous waste management. This information network will have such functions as information collection, inquiry, and connection. The long-term objective is to establish and develop a national and local hazardous waste management information network. This network will significantly help decision makers and researchers because it will be easy to obtain information (e.g., experiences of developed countries in hazardous waste management) to enhance hazardous waste management in China. The information network consists of five parts: technology consulting, import-export management, regulation inquiry, waste survey, and literature inquiry.

  2. An online spatial database of Australian Indigenous Biocultural Knowledge for contemporary natural and cultural resource management.

    PubMed

    Pert, Petina L; Ens, Emilie J; Locke, John; Clarke, Philip A; Packer, Joanne M; Turpin, Gerry

    2015-11-15

    With growing international calls for the enhanced involvement of Indigenous peoples and their biocultural knowledge in managing conservation and the sustainable use of physical environment, it is timely to review the available literature and develop cross-cultural approaches to the management of biocultural resources. Online spatial databases are becoming common tools for educating land managers about Indigenous Biocultural Knowledge (IBK), specifically to raise a broad awareness of issues, identify knowledge gaps and opportunities, and to promote collaboration. Here we describe a novel approach to the application of internet and spatial analysis tools that provide an overview of publically available documented Australian IBK (AIBK) and outline the processes used to develop the online resource. By funding an AIBK working group, the Australian Centre for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (ACEAS) provided a unique opportunity to bring together cross-cultural, cross-disciplinary and trans-organizational contributors who developed these resources. Without such an intentionally collaborative process, this unique tool would not have been developed. The tool developed through this process is derived from a spatial and temporal literature review, case studies and a compilation of methods, as well as other relevant AIBK papers. The online resource illustrates the depth and breadth of documented IBK and identifies opportunities for further work, partnerships and investment for the benefit of not only Indigenous Australians, but all Australians. The database currently includes links to over 1500 publically available IBK documents, of which 568 are geo-referenced and were mapped. It is anticipated that as awareness of the online resource grows, more documents will be provided through the website to build the database. It is envisaged that this will become a well-used tool, integral to future natural and cultural resource management and maintenance. Copyright © 2015. Published

  3. Remote sensing and geographic database management systems applications for the protection and conservation of cultural heritage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palumbo, Gaetano; Powlesland, Dominic

    1996-12-01

    The Getty Conservation Institute is exploring the feasibility of using remote sensing associated with a geographic database management system (GDBMS) in order to provide archaeological and historic site managers with sound evaluations of the tools available for site and information management. The World Heritage Site of Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, a complex of archeological sites dating to the 10th to the 13th centuries AD, was selected as a test site. Information from excavations conducted there since the 1930s, and a range of documentation generated by the National Park Service was gathered. NASA's John C. Stennis Space Center contributed multispectral data of the area, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory contributed data from ATLAS (airborne terrestrial applications sensor) and CAMS (calibrated airborne multispectral scanner) scanners. Initial findings show that while 'automatic monitoring systems' will probably never be a reality, with careful comparisons of historic and modern photographs, and performing digital analysis of remotely sensed data, excellent results are possible.

  4. Mars Science Laboratory Frame Manager for Centralized Frame Tree Database and Target Pointing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kim, Won S.; Leger, Chris; Peters, Stephen; Carsten, Joseph; Diaz-Calderon, Antonio

    2013-01-01

    The FM (Frame Manager) flight software module is responsible for maintaining the frame tree database containing coordinate transforms between frames. The frame tree is a proper tree structure of directed links, consisting of surface and rover subtrees. Actual frame transforms are updated by their owner. FM updates site and saved frames for the surface tree. As the rover drives to a new area, a new site frame with an incremented site index can be created. Several clients including ARM and RSM (Remote Sensing Mast) update their related rover frames that they own. Through the onboard centralized FM frame tree database, client modules can query transforms between any two frames. Important applications include target image pointing for RSM-mounted cameras and frame-referenced arm moves. The use of frame tree eliminates cumbersome, error-prone calculations of coordinate entries for commands and thus simplifies flight operations significantly.

  5. Mars Science Laboratory Frame Manager for Centralized Frame Tree Database and Target Pointing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kim, Won S.; Leger, Chris; Peters, Stephen; Carsten, Joseph; Diaz-Calderon, Antonio

    2013-01-01

    The FM (Frame Manager) flight software module is responsible for maintaining the frame tree database containing coordinate transforms between frames. The frame tree is a proper tree structure of directed links, consisting of surface and rover subtrees. Actual frame transforms are updated by their owner. FM updates site and saved frames for the surface tree. As the rover drives to a new area, a new site frame with an incremented site index can be created. Several clients including ARM and RSM (Remote Sensing Mast) update their related rover frames that they own. Through the onboard centralized FM frame tree database, client modules can query transforms between any two frames. Important applications include target image pointing for RSM-mounted cameras and frame-referenced arm moves. The use of frame tree eliminates cumbersome, error-prone calculations of coordinate entries for commands and thus simplifies flight operations significantly.

  6. The evolution of a health hazard assessment database management system for military weapons, equipment, and materiel.

    PubMed

    Murnyak, George R; Spencer, Clark O; Chaney, Ann E; Roberts, Welford C

    2002-04-01

    During the 1970s, the Army health hazard assessment (HHA) process developed as a medical program to minimize hazards in military materiel during the development process. The HHA Program characterizes health hazards that soldiers and civilians may encounter as they interact with military weapons and equipment. Thus, it is a resource for medical planners and advisors to use that can identify and estimate potential hazards that soldiers may encounter as they train and conduct missions. The U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine administers the program, which is integrated with the Army's Manpower and Personnel Integration program. As the HHA Program has matured, an electronic database has been developed to record and monitor the health hazards associated with military equipment and systems. The current database tracks the results of HHAs and provides reporting designed to assist the HHA Program manager in daily activities.

  7. Using Relational Data Base Management Systems Capabilities to Increase the Usefulness of Open-Ended Survey Responses. AIR 1985 Annual Forum Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seppanen, Loretta J.

    The use of Relational Database Management Systems (RDBMS), a type of microcomputer application software, to analyze open-ended survey questions is discussed. Using open-ended questions allows researchers to ask respondents to express themselves freely about their attitudes and beliefs. This approach also can elicit a precise answer even though the…

  8. Microcomputer Use in Higher Education. Executive Summary of a Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lukesh, Susan S.; And Others

    This executive summary of the 1986 Survey of Microcomputers in Higher Education presents the highlights of each of the major areas covered by the survey: (1) general policy; (2) microcomputer availability; (3) microcomputer access; (4) microcomputer acquisition; (5) software availability; and (6) software support. The 211 survey respondents were…

  9. The Use of SQL and Second Generation Database Management Systems for Data Processing and Information Retrieval in Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leigh, William; Paz, Noemi

    1989-01-01

    Describes Structured Query Language (SQL), the result of an American National Standards Institute effort to standardize language used to query computer databases and a common element in second generation database management systems. The discussion covers implementations of SQL, associated products, and techniques for its use in online catalogs,…

  10. The Use of SQL and Second Generation Database Management Systems for Data Processing and Information Retrieval in Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leigh, William; Paz, Noemi

    1989-01-01

    Describes Structured Query Language (SQL), the result of an American National Standards Institute effort to standardize language used to query computer databases and a common element in second generation database management systems. The discussion covers implementations of SQL, associated products, and techniques for its use in online catalogs,…

  11. Head-to-Head Evaluation of the Pro-Cite and Sci-Mate Bibliographic Database Management Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saari, David S.; Foster, George A., Jr.

    1989-01-01

    Compares two full featured database management systems for bibliographic information in terms of programs and documentation; record creation and editing; online database citations; search procedures; access to references in external text files; sorting and printing functions; style sheets; indexes; and file operations. (four references) (CLB)

  12. Database Administrator

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Pam

    2010-01-01

    The Internet and electronic commerce (e-commerce) generate lots of data. Data must be stored, organized, and managed. Database administrators, or DBAs, work with database software to find ways to do this. They identify user needs, set up computer databases, and test systems. They ensure that systems perform as they should and add people to the…

  13. FIREMON Database

    Treesearch

    John F. Caratti

    2006-01-01

    The FIREMON database software allows users to enter data, store, analyze, and summarize plot data, photos, and related documents. The FIREMON database software consists of a Java application and a Microsoft® Access database. The Java application provides the user interface with FIREMON data through data entry forms, data summary reports, and other data management tools...

  14. Database Administrator

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Pam

    2010-01-01

    The Internet and electronic commerce (e-commerce) generate lots of data. Data must be stored, organized, and managed. Database administrators, or DBAs, work with database software to find ways to do this. They identify user needs, set up computer databases, and test systems. They ensure that systems perform as they should and add people to the…

  15. An Introduction to Database Structure and Database Machines.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Detweiler, Karen

    1984-01-01

    Enumerates principal management objectives of database management systems (data independence, quality, security, multiuser access, central control) and criteria for comparison (response time, size, flexibility, other features). Conventional database management systems, relational databases, and database machines used for backend processing are…

  16. Ultra-Structure database design methodology for managing systems biology data and analyses.

    PubMed

    Maier, Christopher W; Long, Jeffrey G; Hemminger, Bradley M; Giddings, Morgan C

    2009-08-19

    Modern, high-throughput biological experiments generate copious, heterogeneous, interconnected data sets. Research is dynamic, with frequently changing protocols, techniques, instruments, and file formats. Because of these factors, systems designed to manage and integrate modern biological data sets often end up as large, unwieldy databases that become difficult to maintain or evolve. The novel rule-based approach of the Ultra-Structure design methodology presents a potential solution to this problem. By representing both data and processes as formal rules within a database, an Ultra-Structure system constitutes a flexible framework that enables users to explicitly store domain knowledge in both a machine- and human-readable form. End users themselves can change the system's capabilities without programmer intervention, simply by altering database contents; no computer code or schemas need be modified. This provides flexibility in adapting to change, and allows integration of disparate, heterogenous data sets within a small core set of database tables, facilitating joint analysis and visualization without becoming unwieldy. Here, we examine the application of Ultra-Structure to our ongoing research program for the integration of large proteomic and genomic data sets (proteogenomic mapping). We transitioned our proteogenomic mapping information system from a traditional entity-relationship design to one based on Ultra-Structure. Our system integrates tandem mass spectrum data, genomic annotation sets, and spectrum/peptide mappings, all within a small, general framework implemented within a standard relational database system. General software procedures driven by user-modifiable rules can perform tasks such as logical deduction and location-based computations. The system is not tied specifically to proteogenomic research, but is rather designed to accommodate virtually any kind of biological research. We find Ultra-Structure offers substantial benefits for

  17. Ultra-Structure database design methodology for managing systems biology data and analyses

    PubMed Central

    Maier, Christopher W; Long, Jeffrey G; Hemminger, Bradley M; Giddings, Morgan C

    2009-01-01

    Background Modern, high-throughput biological experiments generate copious, heterogeneous, interconnected data sets. Research is dynamic, with frequently changing protocols, techniques, instruments, and file formats. Because of these factors, systems designed to manage and integrate modern biological data sets often end up as large, unwieldy databases that become difficult to maintain or evolve. The novel rule-based approach of the Ultra-Structure design methodology presents a potential solution to this problem. By representing both data and processes as formal rules within a database, an Ultra-Structure system constitutes a flexible framework that enables users to explicitly store domain knowledge in both a machine- and human-readable form. End users themselves can change the system's capabilities without programmer intervention, simply by altering database contents; no computer code or schemas need be modified. This provides flexibility in adapting to change, and allows integration of disparate, heterogenous data sets within a small core set of database tables, facilitating joint analysis and visualization without becoming unwieldy. Here, we examine the application of Ultra-Structure to our ongoing research program for the integration of large proteomic and genomic data sets (proteogenomic mapping). Results We transitioned our proteogenomic mapping information system from a traditional entity-relationship design to one based on Ultra-Structure. Our system integrates tandem mass spectrum data, genomic annotation sets, and spectrum/peptide mappings, all within a small, general framework implemented within a standard relational database system. General software procedures driven by user-modifiable rules can perform tasks such as logical deduction and location-based computations. The system is not tied specifically to proteogenomic research, but is rather designed to accommodate virtually any kind of biological research. Conclusion We find Ultra-Structure offers

  18. Development of an Epidemiological Database Management, Extraction, and Analysis System (EPISYS)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-07-01

    NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER DEVELOPMENT OF AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL DATABASE MANAGEMENT, EXTRACTION, AND ANALYSIS a) SYSTEM (EPISYS) I M. R. White 94...31520 Technical Document 93-6F Appr-urd for pubbc tuIee dotribution rIhwated NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER P. 0. BOX 85122 SAN DIE(;O, CNLIFORNIA 92186...ANALYSIS SYSTEM (EPISYS) Prepared for: N AV AL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER P.O. BOX 85122 San Diego, CA 92186-5122 - . . U’ : t".3. i ______ 1 I - Lii Prepared

  19. Development of genome viewer (Web Omics Viewer) for managing databases of cucumber genome

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wojcieszek, M.; RóŻ, P.; Pawełkowicz, M.; Nowak, R.; Przybecki, Z.

    Cucumber is an important plant in horticulture and science world. Sequencing projects of C. sativus genome enable new methodological aproaches in further investigation of this species. Accessibility is crucial to fully exploit obtained information about detail structure of genes, markers and other characteristic features such contigs, scaffolds and chromosomes. Genome viewer is one of tools providing plain and easy way for presenting genome data for users and for databases administration. Gbrowse - the main viewer has several very useful features but lacks in managing simplicity. Our group developed new genome browser Web Omics Viewer (WOV), keeping functionality but improving utilization and accessibility to cucumber genome data.

  20. Performance of online drug information databases as clinical decision support tools in infectious disease medication management.

    PubMed

    Polen, Hyla H; Zapantis, Antonia; Clauson, Kevin A; Clauson, Kevin Alan; Jebrock, Jennifer; Paris, Mark

    2008-11-06

    Infectious disease (ID) medication management is complex and clinical decision support tools (CDSTs) can provide valuable assistance. This study evaluated scope and completeness of ID drug information found in online databases by evaluating their ability to answer 147 question/answer pairs. Scope scores produced highest rankings (%) for: Micromedex (82.3), Lexi-Comp/American Hospital Formulary Service (81.0), and Medscape Drug Reference (81.0); lowest includes: Epocrates Online Premium (47.0), Johns Hopkins ABX Guide (45.6), and PEPID PDC (40.8).

  1. Object-Oriented Database for Managing Building Modeling Components and Metadata: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Long, N.; Fleming, K.; Brackney, L.

    2011-12-01

    Building simulation enables users to explore and evaluate multiple building designs. When tools for optimization, parametrics, and uncertainty analysis are combined with analysis engines, the sheer number of discrete simulation datasets makes it difficult to keep track of the inputs. The integrity of the input data is critical to designers, engineers, and researchers for code compliance, validation, and building commissioning long after the simulations are finished. This paper discusses an application that stores inputs needed for building energy modeling in a searchable, indexable, flexible, and scalable database to help address the problem of managing simulation input data.

  2. Managing vulnerabilities and achieving compliance for Oracle databases in a modern ERP environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hölzner, Stefan; Kästle, Jan

    In this paper we summarize good practices on how to achieve compliance for an Oracle database in combination with an ERP system. We use an integrated approach to cover both the management of vulnerabilities (preventive measures) and the use of logging and auditing features (detective controls). This concise overview focusses on the combination Oracle and SAP and it’s dependencies, but also outlines security issues that arise with other ERP systems. Using practical examples, we demonstrate common vulnerabilities and coutermeasures as well as guidelines for the use of auditing features.

  3. System configuration management plan for the TWRS controlled baseline database system [TCBD

    SciTech Connect

    Spencer, S.G.

    1998-09-23

    LHMC, TWRS Business Management Organization (BMO) is designated as system owner, operator, and maintenance authority. The TWAS BMO identified the need for the TCBD. The TWRS BMO users have established all requirements for the database and are responsible for maintaining database integrity and control (after the interface data has been received). Initial interface data control and integrity is maintained through functional and administrative processes and is the responsibility of the database owners who are providing the data. The specific groups within the TWRS BMO affected by this plan are the Financial Management and TWRS Management Support Project, Master Planning, and the Financial Control Integration and Reporting. The interfaces between these organizations are through normal line management chain of command. The Master Planning Group is assigned the responsibility to continue development and maintenance of the TCBD. This group maintains information that includes identification of requirements and changes to those requirements in a TCBD project file. They are responsible for the issuance, maintenance, and change authority of this SCW. LHMC, TWRS TCBD Users are designated as providing the project`s requirement changes for implementation and also testing of the TCBD during development. The Master Planning Group coordinates and monitors the user`s requests for system requirements (new/existing) as well as beta and acceptance testing. Users are those individuals and organizations needing data or information from the TCBD and having both a need-to-know and the proper training and authority to access the database. Each user or user organization is required to comply with the established requirements and procedures governing the TCBD. Lockheed Martin Services, Inc. (LMSI) is designated the TCBD developer, maintainer, and custodian until acceptance and process testing of the system has been completed via the TWRS BMO. Once this occurs, the TCBD will be completed and

  4. Microcomputers and consultation psychiatry in the general hospital.

    PubMed

    Hammer, J S; Hammond, D; Strain, J J; Lyons, J S

    1985-04-01

    The microcomputer allows for the design of a system that functions integrally with both the day-to-day and long-term needs of a consultation-liaison psychiatric service. This article describes a microcomputer system and data structure that can accomplish many of the same research tasks as a minicomputer system. In addition, the same data item inputs can be used to develop management reports that can facilitate the administrative as well as the pedagogic needs of a consultation-liaison service. Because of the daily availability and review of output reports, supervisors' corrections are made that enhance the reliability of the data. The program format provides 1) an intake form with pertinent identifying demographic data; 2) an activity file that contains every encounter between the consultant and the patient as well as research, supervisory, and liaison activities (which permit cost-effectiveness analysis); 3) a master clinical data base containing 255 variables for each case seen; 4) a computer-generated chart note; 5) letters to referring physicians; 6) clinical activity descriptions for billing; and 7) a file for pertinent literature searches. Since certain analyses may be limited in the microsystem, its interactive capacity with mainframe computers allows for complex functions. The microsystem described presently emphasizes flexibility, accessibility, and step-by-step development of files as needed by a particular consultation-liaison service. Finally, microcomputers are available at a fraction of the cost of the minicomputer or mainframe systems.

  5. Life sciences flight experiments microcomputer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bartram, Peter N.

    1987-01-01

    A promising microcomputer configuration for the Spacelab Life Sciences Lab. Equipment inventory consists of multiple processors. One processor's use is reserved, with additional processors dedicated to real time input and output operations. A simple form of such a configuration, with a processor board for analog to digital conversion and another processor board for digital to analog conversion, was studied. The system used digital parallel data lines between the boards, operating independently of the system bus. Good performance of individual components was demonstrated: the analog to digital converter was at over 10,000 samples per second. The combination of the data transfer between boards with the input or output functions on each board slowed performance, with a maximum throughput of 2800 to 2900 analog samples per second. Any of several techniques, such as use of the system bus for data transfer or the addition of direct memory access hardware to the processor boards, should give significantly improved performance.

  6. Towards evidence-based management: creating an informative database of nursing-sensitive indicators.

    PubMed

    Patrician, Patricia A; Loan, Lori; McCarthy, Mary; Brosch, Laura R; Davey, Kimberly S

    2010-12-01

    The purpose of this paper is to describe the creation, evolution, and implementation of a database of nursing-sensitive and potentially nursing-sensitive indicators, the Military Nursing Outcomes Database (MilNOD). It discusses data quality, utility, and lessons learned. Prospective data collected each shift include direct staff hours by levels (i.e., registered nurse, other licensed and unlicensed providers), staff categories (i.e., military, civilian, contract, and reservist), patient census, acuity, and admissions, discharges, and transfers. Retrospective adverse event data (falls, medication errors, and needle-stick injuries) were collected from existing records. Annual patient satisfaction, nurse work environment, and pressure ulcer and restraint prevalence surveys were conducted. The MilNOD contains shift level data from 56 units in 13 military hospitals and is used to target areas for managerial and clinical performance improvement. This methodology can be modified for use in other healthcare systems. As standard tools for evidence-based management, databases such as MilNOD allow nurse leaders to track the status of nursing and adverse events in their facilities. No claim to original US government works.

  7. Ethical management in the constitution of a European database for leukodystrophies rare diseases.

    PubMed

    Duchange, Nathalie; Darquy, Sylviane; d'Audiffret, Diane; Callies, Ingrid; Lapointe, Anne-Sophie; Loeve, Boris; Boespflug-Tanguy, Odile; Moutel, Grégoire

    2014-09-01

    The EU LeukoTreat program aims to connect, enlarge and improve existing national databases for leukodystrophies (LDs) and other genetic diseases affecting the white matter of the brain. Ethical issues have been placed high on the agenda by pairing the participating LD expert research teams with experts in medical ethics and LD patient families and associations. The overarching goal is to apply core ethics principles to specific project needs and ensure patient rights and protection in research addressing the context of these rare diseases. This paper looks at how ethical issues were identified and handled at project management level when setting up an ethics committee. Through a work performed as a co-construction between health professionals, ethics experts, and patient representatives, we expose the major ethical issues identified. The committee acts as the forum for tackling specific issues tied to data sharing and patient participation: the thin line between care and research, the need for a charter establishing the commitments binding health professionals and the information items to be delivered. Ongoing feedback on the database, including delivering global results in a broad-audience format, emerged as a key recommendation. Information should be available to all patients in the partner countries developing the database and should be scaled to different patient profiles. This work led to a number of recommendations for ensuring transparency and optimizing the partnership between scientists and patients. Copyright © 2014 European Paediatric Neurology Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. 275 C Downhole Microcomputer System

    SciTech Connect

    Chris Hutchens; Hooi Miin Soo

    2008-08-31

    An HC11 controller IC and along with serial SRAM and ROM support ICs chip set were developed to support a data acquisition and control for extreme temperature/harsh environment conditions greater than 275 C. The 68HC11 microprocessor is widely used in well logging tools for control, data acquisition, and signal processing applications and was the logical choice for a downhole controller. This extreme temperature version of the 68HC11 enables new high temperature designs and additionally allows 68HC11-based well logging tools and MWD tools to be upgraded for high temperature operation in deep gas reservoirs, The microcomputer chip consists of the microprocessor ALU, a small boot ROM, 4 kbyte data RAM, counter/timer unit, serial peripheral interface (SPI), asynchronous serial interface (SCI), and the A, B, C, and D parallel ports. The chip is code compatible with the single chip mode commercial 68HC11 except for the absence of the analog to digital converter system. To avoid mask programmed internal ROM, a boot program is used to load the microcomputer program from an external mask SPI ROM. A SPI RAM IC completes the chip set and allows data RAM to be added in 4 kbyte increments. The HC11 controller IC chip set is implemented in the Peregrine Semiconductor 0.5 micron Silicon-on-Sapphire (SOS) process using a custom high temperature cell library developed at Oklahoma State University. Yield data is presented for all, the HC11, SPI-RAM and ROM. The lessons learned in this project were extended to the successful development of two high temperature versions of the LEON3 and a companion 8 Kbyte SRAM, a 200 C version for the Navy and a 275 C version for the gas industry.

  9. Managing Large Scale Project Analysis Teams through a Web Accessible Database

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    O'Neil, Daniel A.

    2008-01-01

    Large scale space programs analyze thousands of requirements while mitigating safety, performance, schedule, and cost risks. These efforts involve a variety of roles with interdependent use cases and goals. For example, study managers and facilitators identify ground-rules and assumptions for a collection of studies required for a program or project milestone. Task leaders derive product requirements from the ground rules and assumptions and describe activities to produce needed analytical products. Disciplined specialists produce the specified products and load results into a file management system. Organizational and project managers provide the personnel and funds to conduct the tasks. Each role has responsibilities to establish information linkages and provide status reports to management. Projects conduct design and analysis cycles to refine designs to meet the requirements and implement risk mitigation plans. At the program level, integrated design and analysis cycles studies are conducted to eliminate every 'to-be-determined' and develop plans to mitigate every risk. At the agency level, strategic studies analyze different approaches to exploration architectures and campaigns. This paper describes a web-accessible database developed by NASA to coordinate and manage tasks at three organizational levels. Other topics in this paper cover integration technologies and techniques for process modeling and enterprise architectures.

  10. Hotspot management for spacer patterning technology with die-to-database wafer inspection system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hagio, Yoshinori; Nagahama, Ichirota; Matsuoka, Yasuo; Mukai, Hidefumi; Hashimoto, Koji

    2009-03-01

    We have constructed hotspot management flow with a die-to-database (D2DB) inspection system for spacer patterning technologies (SPTs) which are among the strongest candidates in double patterning technologies below 3x nm half-pitch generations. At SPIE 2006[1], we reported in "Hotspot management" that extracted hotspot by full-chip lithography simulation could be quickly fed back to OPC, mask making, etc. Since the SPT includes process complexity from resist patterning to final device patterning, however, it is difficult to exactly estimate hotspots on final patterned features on wafers by full-chip lithography simulation. Therefore, experimental full-chip inspection methodologies for hotspots extraction are necessary in order to construct hotspot management for SPTs. In this work, we applied the D2DB inspection system with electron beam (EB) to SPTs in hotspot management flow. For the D2DB inspection system, the NGR-2100 has remarkable features for the full-chip inspection within reasonable operating time. This system provides accurate hotspot extraction by EB with wider field of view (FOV) than that of SEMs. With the constructed hotspot management flow, extracted hotspots for SPT involving errors of around 10nm could easily be fed back to fix the wafer processes and mask data.

  11. Graph Databases for Large-Scale Healthcare Systems: A Framework for Efficient Data Management and Data Services

    SciTech Connect

    Park, Yubin; Shankar, Mallikarjun; Park, Byung H.; Ghosh, Dr. Joydeep

    2014-01-01

    Designing a database system for both efficient data management and data services has been one of the enduring challenges in the healthcare domain. In many healthcare systems, data services and data management are often viewed as two orthogonal tasks; data services refer to retrieval and analytic queries such as search, joins, statistical data extraction, and simple data mining algorithms, while data management refers to building error-tolerant and non-redundant database systems. The gap between service and management has resulted in rigid database systems and schemas that do not support effective analytics. We compose a rich graph structure from an abstracted healthcare RDBMS to illustrate how we can fill this gap in practice. We show how a healthcare graph can be automatically constructed from a normalized relational database using the proposed 3NF Equivalent Graph (3EG) transformation.We discuss a set of real world graph queries such as finding self-referrals, shared providers, and collaborative filtering, and evaluate their performance over a relational database and its 3EG-transformed graph. Experimental results show that the graph representation serves as multiple de-normalized tables, thus reducing complexity in a database and enhancing data accessibility of users. Based on this finding, we propose an ensemble framework of databases for healthcare applications.

  12. Managing expectations: assessment of chemistry databases generated by automated extraction of chemical structures from patents.

    PubMed

    Senger, Stefan; Bartek, Luca; Papadatos, George; Gaulton, Anna

    2015-12-01

    First public disclosure of new chemical entities often takes place in patents, which makes them an important source of information. However, with an ever increasing number of patent applications, manual processing and curation on such a large scale becomes even more challenging. An alternative approach better suited for this large corpus of documents is the automated extraction of chemical structures. A number of patent chemistry databases generated by using the latter approach are now available but little is known that can help to manage expectations when using them. This study aims to address this by comparing two such freely available sources, SureChEMBL and IBM SIIP (IBM Strategic Intellectual Property Insight Platform), with manually curated commercial databases. When looking at the percentage of chemical structures successfully extracted from a set of patents, using SciFinder as our reference, 59 and 51 % were also found in our comparison in SureChEMBL and IBM SIIP, respectively. When performing this comparison with compounds as starting point, i.e. establishing if for a list of compounds the databases provide the links between chemical structures and patents they appear in, we obtained similar results. SureChEMBL and IBM SIIP found 62 and 59 %, respectively, of the compound-patent pairs obtained from Reaxys. In our comparison of automatically generated vs. manually curated patent chemistry databases, the former successfully provided approximately 60 % of links between chemical structure and patents. It needs to be stressed that only a very limited number of patents and compound-patent pairs were used for our comparison. Nevertheless, our results will hopefully help to manage expectations of users of patent chemistry databases of this type and provide a useful framework for more studies like ours as well as guide future developments of the workflows used for the automated extraction of chemical structures from patents. The challenges we have encountered

  13. ‘Isotopo’ a database application for facile analysis and management of mass isotopomer data

    PubMed Central

    Ahmed, Zeeshan; Zeeshan, Saman; Huber, Claudia; Hensel, Michael; Schomburg, Dietmar; Münch, Richard; Eylert, Eva; Eisenreich, Wolfgang; Dandekar, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    The composition of stable-isotope labelled isotopologues/isotopomers in metabolic products can be measured by mass spectrometry and supports the analysis of pathways and fluxes. As a prerequisite, the original mass spectra have to be processed, managed and stored to rapidly calculate, analyse and compare isotopomer enrichments to study, for instance, bacterial metabolism in infection. For such applications, we provide here the database application ‘Isotopo’. This software package includes (i) a database to store and process isotopomer data, (ii) a parser to upload and translate different data formats for such data and (iii) an improved application to process and convert signal intensities from mass spectra of 13C-labelled metabolites such as tertbutyldimethylsilyl-derivatives of amino acids. Relative mass intensities and isotopomer distributions are calculated applying a partial least square method with iterative refinement for high precision data. The data output includes formats such as graphs for overall enrichments in amino acids. The package is user-friendly for easy and robust data management of multiple experiments. Availability: The ‘Isotopo’ software is available at the following web link (section Download): http://spp1316.uni-wuerzburg.de/bioinformatics/isotopo/. The package contains three additional files: software executable setup (installer), one data set file (discussed in this article) and one excel file (which can be used to convert data from excel to ‘.iso’ format). The ‘Isotopo’ software is compatible only with the Microsoft Windows operating system. Database URL: http://spp1316.uni-wuerzburg.de/bioinformatics/isotopo/. PMID:25204646

  14. A Microcomputer-Based Computer Science Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Compeau, Larry D.

    1984-01-01

    Examines the use of the microcomputer in computer science programs as an alternative to time-sharing computers at North Country Community College. Discusses factors contributing to the program's success, security problems, outside application possibilities, and program implementation concerns. (DMM)

  15. The Seven Deadly Sins of Online Microcomputing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Alan

    1989-01-01

    Offers suggestions for avoiding common errors in online microcomputer use. Areas discussed include learning the basics; hardware protection; backup options; hard disk organization; software selection; file security; and the use of dedicated communications lines. (CLB)

  16. Microcomputer-Aided Control Systems Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roat, S. D.; Melsheimer, S. S.

    1987-01-01

    Describes a single input/single output feedback control system design program for IBM PC and compatible microcomputers. Uses a heat exchanger temperature control loop to illustrate the various applications of the program. (ML)

  17. Considerations in Choosing a Microcomputer for Graphics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Gerald J.

    1984-01-01

    Presents the options and limitations available in microcomputer-based graphic systems. Factors that must be considered when selecting a system--resolution, color, video-compatibility, and cost--and the relationship between these factors are discussed. (MBR)

  18. A Microcomputer-Based Computer Science Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Compeau, Larry D.

    1984-01-01

    Examines the use of the microcomputer in computer science programs as an alternative to time-sharing computers at North Country Community College. Discusses factors contributing to the program's success, security problems, outside application possibilities, and program implementation concerns. (DMM)

  19. Considerations in Choosing a Microcomputer for Graphics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Gerald J.

    1984-01-01

    Presents the options and limitations available in microcomputer-based graphic systems. Factors that must be considered when selecting a system--resolution, color, video-compatibility, and cost--and the relationship between these factors are discussed. (MBR)

  20. Microcomputers in a Beginning Tertiary Physics Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearce, J. M.; O'Brien, R.

    1986-01-01

    Describes a college-level physics course which focuses on both physics knowledge/skills and use of microcomputers. Types of experiments done with the computers and how students use the computers to treat data are considered. (JN)

  1. Introducing a Microcomputer into Adult Education Classes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bostock, Stephen; Seifert, Roger

    1983-01-01

    There are now plenty of adult education classes on how to use a computer; this article is an account of how microcomputers were actually used as an aid to learning in the biological, natural, and social sciences. (Author/SSH)

  2. Utilization of Educationally Oriented Microcomputer Based Laboratories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzpatrick, Michael J.; Howard, James A.

    1977-01-01

    Describes one approach to supplying engineering and computer science educators with an economical portable digital systems laboratory centered around microprocessors. Expansion of the microcomputer based laboratory concept to include Learning Resource Aided Instruction (LRAI) systems is explored. (Author)

  3. Microcomputer Instruction for the Learning Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schiffman, Gilbert; And Others

    1982-01-01

    The advantages of using microcomputers, particularly with learning-disabled (LD) students, are pointed out; and an example of a successful program utilizing computers at the Johns Hopkins University is described. (SW)

  4. Microcomputer Simulated CAD for Engineering Graphics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huggins, David L.; Myers, Roy E.

    1983-01-01

    Describes a simulated computer-aided-graphics (CAD) program at The Pennsylvania State University. Rationale for the program, facilities, microcomputer equipment (Apple) used, and development of a software package for simulating applied engineering graphics are considered. (JN)

  5. The Seven Deadly Sins of Online Microcomputing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Alan

    1989-01-01

    Offers suggestions for avoiding common errors in online microcomputer use. Areas discussed include learning the basics; hardware protection; backup options; hard disk organization; software selection; file security; and the use of dedicated communications lines. (CLB)

  6. Information flow in the DAMA Project beyond database managers: Information flow managers

    SciTech Connect

    Russell, L.; Wolfson, O.; Yu, C.

    1996-03-01

    To meet the demands of commercial data traffic on the information highway, a new look at managing data is necessary. One projected activity, sharing of point-of-sale information, is being considered in the Demand Activated Manufacturing Project of the American Textile Partnership project. A scenario is examined in which 100,000 retail outlets communicate over a period of days. They provide the latest estimate of demand for sewn products across a chain of 26,000 suppliers through the use of bill-of-materials explosions at four levels of detail. A new paradign the information flow manager, is developed to handle this situation, including the case where members of the supply chain fail to communicate and go out of business. Techniques for approximation are introduced to keep estimates of demand as current as possible.

  7. Numeric Databases in the 80s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fried, John B.; Kovacs, Gabor J.

    1982-01-01

    Defining a numeric database as a computer-readable collection of data predominantly numeric in nature, this article reviews techniques and technologies having a positive influence on the growth of numeric databases, such as videotex, mini- and microcomputers, artificial intelligence, improved software, telecommunications, and office automation.…

  8. A User Oriented Microcomputer and Monitor System.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-02-15

    the host computer would operate in real time using specialized avionics computer probe devices and avionics subsystem simulation models, 14 which...mi crocomputer. 2. The system shall provide support for non.-real time PIO simulations . In this regard, the microcomputer external real world shall be... simulated by capturing the micro- computer input/output address, in a Capture Register, logically holding the microcomputer bus, interrupting the DEC

  9. Database Objects vs Files: Evaluation of alternative strategies for managing large remote sensing data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baru, Chaitan; Nandigam, Viswanath; Krishnan, Sriram

    2010-05-01

    Increasingly, the geoscience user community expects modern IT capabilities to be available in service of their research and education activities, including the ability to easily access and process large remote sensing datasets via online portals such as GEON (www.geongrid.org) and OpenTopography (opentopography.org). However, serving such datasets via online data portals presents a number of challenges. In this talk, we will evaluate the pros and cons of alternative storage strategies for management and processing of such datasets using binary large object implementations (BLOBs) in database systems versus implementation in Hadoop files using the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS). The storage and I/O requirements for providing online access to large datasets dictate the need for declustering data across multiple disks, for capacity as well as bandwidth and response time performance. This requires partitioning larger files into a set of smaller files, and is accompanied by the concomitant requirement for managing large numbers of file. Storing these sub-files as blobs in a shared-nothing database implemented across a cluster provides the advantage that all the distributed storage management is done by the DBMS. Furthermore, subsetting and processing routines can be implemented as user-defined functions (UDFs) on these blobs and would run in parallel across the set of nodes in the cluster. On the other hand, there are both storage overheads and constraints, and software licensing dependencies created by such an implementation. Another approach is to store the files in an external filesystem with pointers to them from within database tables. The filesystem may be a regular UNIX filesystem, a parallel filesystem, or HDFS. In the HDFS case, HDFS would provide the file management capability, while the subsetting and processing routines would be implemented as Hadoop programs using the MapReduce model. Hadoop and its related software libraries are freely available

  10. Comparison of eight microcomputer dietary analysis programs with the USDA Nutrient Data Base for Standard Reference.

    PubMed

    Lee, R D; Nieman, D C; Rainwater, M

    1995-08-01

    To compare the general operating features and nutrient databases of eight microcomputer dietary analysis programs. A 3-day food record with 73 food items was entered into each program by the authors. The general operating features of the program were summarized and evaluated. The nutrient database was evaluated by comparing the nutrient analysis output with the 1993 US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Nutrient Data Base for Standard Reference (NDB), full version, release 10, for microcomputers. The programs varied in cost, number of foods and nutrients in the database, use of non-USDA data, and inputting of data for missing values. We also found differences in the quality of user manuals and help screens, ease of food entry and averaging of 3-day nutrient intake, speed of analyzing and printing results, quality and number of print/export options, and overall ease of learning and using the program. All but one of the programs were within 15% of the USDA NDB for energy, protein, total fat, and total carbohydrates. However, there was some difference in the number of other nutrients and food components varying more than 15% from the USDA NDB. These differences occurred because of variations in the number of food items included in each programs' database and the number of missing nutrient values in the database. Our results demonstrate the importance of carefully choosing a microcomputer dietary analysis program that is suitable to the user's specific and predetermined needs.

  11. Management of epididymo-orchitis in primary care: results from a large UK primary care database

    PubMed Central

    Nicholson, Amanda; Rait, Greta; Murray-Thomas, Tarita; Hughes, Gwenda; Mercer, Catherine H; Cassell, Jackie

    2010-01-01

    Background Epididymo-orchitis is a common urological presentation in men but recent incidence data are lacking. Guidelines for management recommend detailed investigation and treatment for sexually transmitted pathogens, such as Chlamydia trachomatis. Data from secondary care indicate that these guidelines are poorly followed. It is not known how epididymo-orchitis is managed in UK general practice. Aim To estimate the incidence of cases of epididymo-orchitis seen in UK general practice, and to describe their management. Design of study Cohort study. Setting UK general practices contributing to the General Practice Research Database (GPRD). Method Men, aged 15–60 years, consulting with a first episode of epididymo-orchitis between 30 June 2003 and 30 June 2008 were identified. All records within 28 days either side of the diagnosis date were analysed to describe the management of these cases (including location) and to compare this management with guidelines. Results A total of 12 615 patients with a first episode of epididymo-orchitis were identified. The incidence was highest in 2004–2005 (25/10 000) and declined in the later years of the study. Fifty-seven per cent (6943) of patients were managed entirely within general practice. Of these, over 92% received an antibiotic, with ciprofloxacin being the most common one prescribed. Only 18% received a prescription for doxycycline. Most men, including those under 35 years, had no investigation recorded and fewer than 3% had a test for chlamydia. Conclusion These results indicate low rates of specific testing and treatment for sexually transmitted infections in males who attend general practice with symptoms of epididymo-orchitis. There is a need for further research to understand the pattern of care delivered in general practice. PMID:20883615

  12. Knowledge management: An abstraction of knowledge base and database management systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Riedesel, Joel D.

    1990-01-01

    Artificial intelligence application requirements demand powerful representation capabilities as well as efficiency for real-time domains. Many tools exist, the most prevalent being expert systems tools such as ART, KEE, OPS5, and CLIPS. Other tools just emerging from the research environment are truth maintenance systems for representing non-monotonic knowledge, constraint systems, object oriented programming, and qualitative reasoning. Unfortunately, as many knowledge engineers have experienced, simply applying a tool to an application requires a large amount of effort to bend the application to fit. Much work goes into supporting work to make the tool integrate effectively. A Knowledge Management Design System (KNOMAD), is described which is a collection of tools built in layers. The layered architecture provides two major benefits; the ability to flexibly apply only those tools that are necessary for an application, and the ability to keep overhead, and thus inefficiency, to a minimum. KNOMAD is designed to manage many knowledge bases in a distributed environment providing maximum flexibility and expressivity to the knowledge engineer while also providing support for efficiency.

  13. ePORT, NASA's Computer Database Program for System Safety Risk Management Oversight (Electronic Project Online Risk Tool)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, Paul W.

    2008-01-01

    ePORT (electronic Project Online Risk Tool) provides a systematic approach to using an electronic database program to manage a program/project risk management processes. This presentation will briefly cover the standard risk management procedures, then thoroughly cover NASA's Risk Management tool called ePORT. This electronic Project Online Risk Tool (ePORT) is a web-based risk management program that provides a common framework to capture and manage risks, independent of a programs/projects size and budget. It is used to thoroughly cover the risk management paradigm providing standardized evaluation criterion for common management reporting, ePORT improves Product Line, Center and Corporate Management insight, simplifies program/project manager reporting, and maintains an archive of data for historical reference.

  14. Novel statistical tools for management of public databases facilitate community-wide replicability and control of false discovery.

    PubMed

    Rosset, Saharon; Aharoni, Ehud; Neuvirth, Hani

    2014-07-01

    Issues of publication bias, lack of replicability, and false discovery have long plagued the genetics community. Proper utilization of public and shared data resources presents an opportunity to ameliorate these problems. We present an approach to public database management that we term Quality Preserving Database (QPD). It enables perpetual use of the database for testing statistical hypotheses while controlling false discovery and avoiding publication bias on the one hand, and maintaining testing power on the other hand. We demonstrate it on a use case of a replication server for GWAS findings, underlining its practical utility. We argue that a shift to using QPD in managing current and future biological databases will significantly enhance the community's ability to make efficient and statistically sound use of the available data resources. © 2014 WILEY PERIODICALS, INC.

  15. Developing a database management system to support birth defects surveillance in Florida.

    PubMed

    Salemi, Jason L; Hauser, Kimberlea W; Tanner, Jean Paul; Sampat, Diana; Correia, Jane A; Watkins, Sharon M; Kirby, Russell S

    2010-01-01

    The value of any public health surveillance program is derived from the ways in which data are managed and used to improve the public's health. Although birth defects surveillance programs vary in their case volume, budgets, staff, and objectives, the capacity to operate efficiently and maximize resources remains critical to long-term survival. The development of a fully-integrated relational database management system (DBMS) can enrich a surveillance program's data and improve efficiency. To build upon the Florida Birth Defects Registry--a statewide registry relying solely on linkage of administrative datasets and unconfirmed diagnosis codes-the Florida Department of Health provided funding to the University of South Florida to develop and pilot an enhanced surveillance system in targeted areas with a more comprehensive approach to case identification and diagnosis confirmation. To manage operational and administrative complexities, a DBMS was developed, capable of managing transmission of project data from multiple sources, tracking abstractor time during record reviews, offering tools for defect coding and case classification, and providing reports to DBMS users. Since its inception, the DBMS has been used as part of our surveillance projects to guide the receipt of over 200 case lists and review of 12,924 fetuses and infants (with associated maternal records) suspected of having selected birth defects in over 90 birthing and transfer facilities in Florida. The DBMS has provided both anticipated and unexpected benefits. Automation of the processes for managing incoming case lists has reduced clerical workload considerably, while improving accuracy of working lists for field abstraction. Data quality has improved through more effective use of internal edits and comparisons with values for other data elements, while simultaneously increasing abstractor efficiency in completion of case abstraction. We anticipate continual enhancement to the DBMS in the future

  16. Developing genomic knowledge bases and databases to support clinical management: current perspectives.

    PubMed

    Huser, Vojtech; Sincan, Murat; Cimino, James J

    2014-01-01

    Personalized medicine, the ability to tailor diagnostic and treatment decisions for individual patients, is seen as the evolution of modern medicine. We characterize here the informatics resources available today or envisioned in the near future that can support clinical interpretation of genomic test results. We assume a clinical sequencing scenario (germline whole-exome sequencing) in which a clinical specialist, such as an endocrinologist, needs to tailor patient management decisions within his or her specialty (targeted findings) but relies on a genetic counselor to interpret off-target incidental findings. We characterize the genomic input data and list various types of knowledge bases that provide genomic knowledge for generating clinical decision support. We highlight the need for patient-level databases with detailed lifelong phenotype content in addition to genotype data and provide a list of recommendations for personalized medicine knowledge bases and databases. We conclude that no single knowledge base can currently support all aspects of personalized recommendations and that consolidation of several current resources into larger, more dynamic and collaborative knowledge bases may offer a future path forward.

  17. Developing genomic knowledge bases and databases to support clinical management: current perspectives

    PubMed Central

    Huser, Vojtech; Sincan, Murat; Cimino, James J

    2014-01-01

    Personalized medicine, the ability to tailor diagnostic and treatment decisions for individual patients, is seen as the evolution of modern medicine. We characterize here the informatics resources available today or envisioned in the near future that can support clinical interpretation of genomic test results. We assume a clinical sequencing scenario (germline whole-exome sequencing) in which a clinical specialist, such as an endocrinologist, needs to tailor patient management decisions within his or her specialty (targeted findings) but relies on a genetic counselor to interpret off-target incidental findings. We characterize the genomic input data and list various types of knowledge bases that provide genomic knowledge for generating clinical decision support. We highlight the need for patient-level databases with detailed lifelong phenotype content in addition to genotype data and provide a list of recommendations for personalized medicine knowledge bases and databases. We conclude that no single knowledge base can currently support all aspects of personalized recommendations and that consolidation of several current resources into larger, more dynamic and collaborative knowledge bases may offer a future path forward. PMID:25276091

  18. MAGIC-SPP: a database-driven DNA sequence processing package with associated management tools

    PubMed Central

    Liang, Chun; Sun, Feng; Wang, Haiming; Qu, Junfeng; Freeman, Robert M; Pratt, Lee H; Cordonnier-Pratt, Marie-Michèle

    2006-01-01

    Background Processing raw DNA sequence data is an especially challenging task for relatively small laboratories and core facilities that produce as many as 5000 or more DNA sequences per week from multiple projects in widely differing species. To meet this challenge, we have developed the flexible, scalable, and automated sequence processing package described here. Results MAGIC-SPP is a DNA sequence processing package consisting of an Oracle 9i relational database, a Perl pipeline, and user interfaces implemented either as JavaServer Pages (JSP) or as a Java graphical user interface (GUI). The database not only serves as a data repository, but also controls processing of trace files. MAGIC-SPP includes an administrative interface, a laboratory information management system, and interfaces for exploring sequences, monitoring quality control, and troubleshooting problems related to sequencing activities. In the sequence trimming algorithm it employs new features designed to improve performance with respect to concerns such as concatenated linkers, identification of the expected start position of a vector insert, and extending the useful length of trimmed sequences by bridging short regions of low quality when the following high quality segment is sufficiently long to justify doing so. Conclusion MAGIC-SPP has been designed to minimize human error, while simultaneously being robust, versatile, flexible and automated. It offers a unique combination of features that permit administration by a biologist with little or no informatics background. It is well suited to both individual research programs and core facilities. PMID:16522212

  19. Telecommunications issues of intelligent database management for ground processing systems in the EOS era

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Touch, Joseph D.

    1994-01-01

    Future NASA earth science missions, including the Earth Observing System (EOS), will be generating vast amounts of data that must be processed and stored at various locations around the world. Here we present a stepwise-refinement of the intelligent database management (IDM) of the distributed active archive center (DAAC - one of seven regionally-located EOSDIS archive sites) architecture, to showcase the telecommunications issues involved. We develop this architecture into a general overall design. We show that the current evolution of protocols is sufficient to support IDM at Gbps rates over large distances. We also show that network design can accommodate a flexible data ingestion storage pipeline and a user extraction and visualization engine, without interference between the two.

  20. Maryland power plant siting program radioecology database management system: format for coding radioecology data. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Domotor, S.L.

    1986-01-01

    The Radioecology Laboratory of the State of Maryland Power Plant Siting Program (PPSP) conducts routine radiological monitoring programs designed to assess the environmental impact of radionuclides released by nuclear power plants affecting Maryland. The PPSP radioecology database management system was initiated to store existing and future monitoring data collected by PPSP and its subcontractors in a computer file format. From these files, SAS (Statistical Analysis System) datasets are created for qualitative and quantitative analysis of monitoring data, for modeling studies through incorporation of this data, or for predicting environmental impact. The system was designed to accommodate both gamma and beta radionuclide analyses from water, sediment, soil, air, foodstuff, and aquatic and terrestrial flora and fauna sample types. Plant releases of radionuclides and physical and chemical environmental parameters can also be stored.