Science.gov

Sample records for military culture state

  1. Applying Culture to Military Operations: A Review of Foreign Militaries

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-04

    competency and therefore must be trained in basic media , communication , cultural and linguistic skills and specific in-country knowledge.” 26 But...ability to effectively communicate with and understand the cultures of coalition forces, international partners, and local populations.” 2 and the DoD...terms of beliefs, traditions, religions, and social norms. The challenge for militaries with defining culture is that the definition seems

  2. Negotiating Race: Military Manpower Policy in Multiethnic States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    against ethnic groups face a daunting dilemma : the state demands military service but mistrusts certain ethnicities. Some militaries brutalize......groups” are a distinct category of the population with a culture different from that of the larger society, with its members bound together by common

  3. Cultural intelligence support for military operations

    SciTech Connect

    Guthormsen, Amy M.; MacKerrow, Edward P; Merritt, Terence M; Morgart, Ruth E

    2010-04-08

    It has long been recognized that military success relies on knowledge of the enemy. In the context of standard warfare, adequate knowledge of the enemy may be gained by analyzing observable, measurable data. In the context of modern counterinsurgency operations and the global war on terror, the task of predicting the behavior of the enemy is vastly more complex and difficult. Without an understanding of the ways individuals in the host nation interpret and react to events, no amount of objective information can provide the insight required to accurately predict behavior. US military doctrine has begun to recognize the importance of the many ways that local culture can affect operation success. Increasingly military decision makers use cultural information in the service of operation planning, and troops are provided with pre-deployment cultural training. However, no amount of training can cover the breadth and depth of potentially useful cultural information, and no amount of careful planning can avoid the need to adapt as situations develop. Therefore, a critical challenge is to provide useful tools to US personnel in their efforts to collect, analyze, and utilize cultural information. Essential functions for cultural support tools include the following: (1) to narrow down a broad range of available data and focus the user's attention on context-relevant information, (2) to present cultural information in an easily understood form, (3) to prompt the user to seek relevant information in the environment, (4) to synthesize information, and (5) to predict outcomes based on possible courses of operation. In this paper, we begin by reviewing the ways in which military operations can benefit from cultural intelligence. We then discuss frameworks for analyzing cultural information in the context of a military operation. We conclude with a demonstration of our current efforts to develop a tool that meets the aforementioned functional challenges.

  4. Exploring Cultural Predictors of Military Intervention Success

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-01

    AU/ACSC/Wade, E/AY15 AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY EXPLORING CULTURAL PREDICTORS OF MILITARY INTERVENTION SUCCESS by Dr...qualitative analysis to identify cultural factors that might predict intervention success. The study concluded that Central American former Spanish...analysis in the limited scope of United Nations (UN) interventions over the past few decades. This research seeks to identify predictive cultural

  5. Cultural Dimensions of Military Training

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-13

    Wars” Background Within the globalization process, due to interaction through social - media and communications systems, immigrations and the...cross-cultural awareness training in various commercial sectors, the field of cross-cultural communication (also known as intercultural communication ... intercultural competence is mostly based on the individual’s experiences that may motivate the individual to acquire skills that can help to communicate the

  6. Cultural heritage training in the US military.

    PubMed

    Svec, Leedjia

    2014-01-01

    Cultural competence is a vital component of many missions in today's military. Cultural competence enables one to further a mission, save resources, and save lives. Conversely, a lack of cultural competence may bring about challenges to mission completion, requirement for more resources, waste of resources, and destruction of lives. Cultural competence involves many components. One particular component is cultural heritage awareness and protection of cultural property. This study sought to assess current understanding of cultural property protection and determine the effectiveness of a training aimed at increasing cultural property protection awareness, knowledge, and comfort within the military setting. It was hypothesized that participants would vary in their level of awareness, knowledge, and comfort of cultural property protection, and that all would show a significant improvement in knowledge scores post training. Factors such as deployment experience were examined for potential correlation with measures such as awareness. A 14 question pre-read survey was developed to assess participants' demographics, awareness, knowledge, and comfort with cultural property protection. Awareness included value, laws, and procedures while knowledge examined "know how" such as how to bed down in a protected structure or communicate information about the structure. Comfort assessed one's comfort with engaging in the knowledge based tasks. A 24 question post read survey was administered to assess awareness, knowledge, and comfort, and to solicit additional feedback on the manual itself. The survey utilized a 1-5 rating scale with 1 representing no awareness, knowledge, or comfort and 5 representing absolute awareness, knowledge, and comfort with different aspects of cultural property protection. Cultural property protection value was highest pre and post training while knowledge regarding recovery of property was rated lowest pre and post training. Results are encouraging for

  7. Politico-Military Relations, a Basis for Military Interaction between Argentina and the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-15

    POLITICO -MILITARY RELATIONS, A BASIS FOR MILITARY INTERACTION BETWEEN ARGENTINA AND THE UNITED STATES N IN w Fn STRATEGY AND CAMPAIGN DEPARTMENT...FUNDING NUMBERS PROGRAM PROJECT TASK WORK UNIT ELEMENT NO NO NO ACCESSION NO 11 TITLE (Include Security Classificationi Politico -Military Relations, A...America. Politico -Military relations. civil-military relations, military coups. military to military relations. South American democracy -con- 𔄃

  8. Understanding Military Culture: A Guide for Professional School Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Rebekah F.

    2014-01-01

    School counselors must be knowledgeable about military culture in order to help military students and their families in a culturally competent manner. This article explores the nature of this unique culture, which is often unfamiliar to educators, including its language, hierarchy, sense of rules and regulations, self-expectations and…

  9. 32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6... ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of the catalogue, United States Military Academy, contains additional...

  10. 32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6... ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of the catalogue, United States Military Academy, contains additional...

  11. 32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6... ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of the catalogue, United States Military Academy, contains additional...

  12. 32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6... ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of the catalogue, United States Military Academy, contains additional...

  13. 32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6... ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of the catalogue, United States Military Academy, contains additional...

  14. US Military Innovation: Fostering Creativity in a Culture of Compliance

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-10-01

    Views September–October 2014 Air & Space Power Journal | 128 US Military Innovation Fostering Creativity in a Culture of Compliance Col John F. Price... creativity . Understanding Innovation The landscape of American military dialogue on innovation has be- come cluttered over the last two decades with...REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE US Military Innovation: Fostering Creativity in a Culture of

  15. The United States Military and Humanitarian Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-01-01

    stated that, "The wave of the future will be putting together task forces that will be able to respond to crisis management or humanitarian...equipped for combat. "The skills needed to feed hungry people in Africa or build tent cities for hurricane victims are different from the skills needed...examine three options for the military’s role in humanitaria operations at home and abroad. Option 1: Virtually Eliminate Anv Military Role This is the

  16. Socioeconomic issues of United States military neurosurgery.

    PubMed

    Moquin, Ross R; Ecklund, James M

    2002-04-15

    Although the practice of neurosurgery in the United States (US) Armed Forces is in many ways similar to the civilian practice of neurosurgery, there are many differences as well. The unique challenges, duties, and opportunities US military neurosurgeons are given, both in peacetime and in times of conflict, are discussed, as are pathways for entering into service. The advantages of military service for neurosurgeons include sponsored training, decreased direct exposure to tort actions, little involvement with third-party payers, significant opportunities for travel, and military specific experiences. The most appealing aspect of military practice is serving fellow members of the US Armed Forces. Disadvantages include the extreme gap between the military and civilian pay scales, lack of support personnel, and in some areas low surgery-related case volume. The greatest concern faced by the military neurosurgical community is the failure to retain experienced neurosurgeons after their obligated service time has been completed, for which several possible solutions are described. It is hoped that future changes will make the practice of military neurosurgery attractive enough so that it will be seen as a career in itself and not an obligation to endure before starting practice in the "real world."

  17. Soldiers Working Internationally: Impacts of Masculinity, Military Culture, and Operational Stress on Cross-Cultural Adaptation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keats, Patrice A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the ramifications of masculinized military culture and operational stress on cross-cultural adaptation. The author examines how characteristics of military culture may obstruct effective cross-cultural adaptation by promoting a hypermasculinity that tends to oppose effective management of trauma, and thereby suppresses skills…

  18. Don't tell: Military culture and male rape.

    PubMed

    O'Brien, Carol; Keith, Jessica; Shoemaker, Lisa

    2015-11-01

    The issue of sexual assault that occurs during military service has been a focus of attention over the past several years. Although approximately 50% of survivors of military sexual assault are men, virtually all of the literature focuses on the assault of female service members. Research has demonstrated that cultural variables are robust correlates of the sexual assault of women. This paper proposes that cultural variables are equally important when examining the rape of men, especially when this assault occurs in military contexts. We discuss male rape myths and related constructs as they are expressed within military culture. The results of data analysis from a treatment sample of veterans with military sexual trauma (MST)-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and clinical case examples are presented to further explore the concepts. We conclude that male rape myths and related beliefs that arise from cultural norms and are further amplified and modified by military culture impact male MST survivors and delay or obstruct their recovery. Suggestions for clinical application and future research are offered to encourage further efforts in this important area of practice.

  19. Jewish Culture and the American Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-01

    example, since the mid-1990s, Jewish personnel have a choice of kosher field rations, or Meals Ready to Eat. Previously, kosher field rations could...have problems.” The general finished his speech by 85 Russell Working, “ Kosher Firm Finds Military Niche,” Chicago Tribune...provided kosher rations. 2. Cases of Intolerance None of the interviewees felt that the military had an ingrained or institutionalized religious

  20. Commentary on: Combat-related gunshot wounds in the United States military: 2000-2009.

    PubMed

    Camm, Christian Fielder; Agha, Riaz Ahmed; Edison, Eric

    2012-01-01

    Gunshot wounds are an important cause of both morbidity and mortality within the military. With the deployment of the United States military into a two theater campaign over the past decade, the role of gunshot wounds in military personnel has come to the forefront. Gunshot wounds are often used and glamourized in popular culture. They are also fascinating to clinicians due to the difficulty in assessing such patients for injuries and treatment options.(1) Gunshot wounds also provide an opportunity to develop certain aspects of trauma management.(2) Walker et al. provide a coherent analysis of gunshot wounds to US military personnel during this period.(3).

  1. English Discussion Groups: A Means for the Military to Understand Culture

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-25

    dialogue between people, not "soldiers", can not only educate the world on truly how great the United States is but also teach the military how...understanding of diverse cultures. A simple dialogue between people, not “soldiers”, can not only educate the world on truly how great the United States is...roles creates the foundation for culture. Simply put, Bob cannot just be a father or just a coach; he is an amalgamation of all his identities

  2. [The current state and development prospectives of military nephrology].

    PubMed

    Nagibovich, O A; Golota, A S; Krassiĭ, A B

    2014-05-01

    This article is dedicated to the current state and prospectives of military nephrology. Using as examples the nephrology services of the armed forces of Serbia, France, Great Britain and USA it is shown that this branch of military healthcare plays an important role abroad. The brief review of military nephrology formation and development history demonstrates the growing significance of military nephrology in the general system of medical care at the battlefield.

  3. Military medical graduates' perceptions of organizational culture in Turkish military medical school.

    PubMed

    Ozer, Mustafa; Bakir, Bilal; Teke, Abdulkadir; Ucar, Muharrem; Bas, Turker; Atac, Adnan

    2008-08-01

    Organizational culture is the term used to describe the shared beliefs, perceptions, and expectations of individuals in organizations. In the healthcare environment, organizational culture has been associated with several elements of organizational experience that contribute to quality, such as nursing care, job satisfaction, and patient safety. A range of tools have been designed to measure organizational culture and applied in industrial, educational, and health care settings. This study has been conducted to investigate the perceptions of military medical graduates on organizational culture at Gülhane Military Medical School. A measurement of organizational culture, which was developed by the researchers from Akdeniz University, was applied to all military medical graduates in 2004. This was a Likert type scale that included 31 items. Designers of the measurement grouped all these items into five main dimensions in their previous study. The items were scored on a five-point scale anchored by 1: strongly agree and 5: strongly disagree. Study participants included all military physicians who were in clerkship training period at Gulhane Military Medical Academy in 2004. A total of 106 graduates were accepted to response the questionnaire. The mean age of participants was 25.2 +/- 1.1. At the time of study only 8 (7.5%) graduates were married. The study results have showed that the measurement tool with 31 items had a sufficient reliability with a Cronbach's alpha value of 0.91. Factor analysis has resulted a final measurement tool of 24 items with five factors. Total score and the scores of five subdimensions have been estimated and compared between groups based on living city and marital status. The study has shown the dimension of symbol received positive perceptions while the dimension of organizational structure and efficiency received the most negative perceptions. GMMS has a unique organizational culture with its weak and strong aspects. Conducting this kind

  4. Japanese Naval Military Culture in the Pacific War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-22

    AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S) Command and General Staff College 731 McClellan Avenue Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 66027-2134...USMC School of Advanced Military Studies United States Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth, Kansas AY 2013-001 REPORT...NUMBER School of Advanced Military Studies 250 Gibbon Avenue Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 66027-2134 9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S

  5. Job Satisfaction and the Perceived Organizational Culture of U.S. Military and Military Affiliated Personnel

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diffenauer, Deborah A.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between demographic characteristics, level of job satisfaction, and current/preferred organizational culture in a sample of 139 off-campus military degree program participants. Responses were received from undergraduate students in the fields of engineering, applied sciences and arts, and education. "The Job…

  6. Breaking Down Cultural Barriers to Military Entry into Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollis, Michael J.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to identify a problem in higher education that needed a new solution and draft a viable proposal for how to resolve it. I chose the problem of cultural barriers that veterans often face when attempting to return to many universities following military service. The method used was a combination of existing literature…

  7. Malaria prevention and control in the United States military.

    PubMed

    Robert, L L

    2001-01-01

    Malaria continues to be a serious threat to deployed military forces in many areas of the World. United States experiences during, and lessons learned from, World War II, Viet Nam, and Somalia have significantly changed the way that military planners, medical and preventive medicine personnel are facing the malaria challenge. Currently, the US military has a powerful arsenal of educational courses and materials, personal protective measures, and malaria surveillance and control techniques in place to fight malaria. These new tools will hopefully reduce malaria morbidity and mortality during military deployments in the future.

  8. United States military strategy in the Persian Gulf. Study project

    SciTech Connect

    Whitehead, E.E.

    1989-03-27

    The importance of Persian Gulf oil, in the context of United States national security has been demonstrated in recent political, economic, and military terms. Substantial United States military resources have been devoted to maintain national security interests in the Persian Gulf region. This paper analyzes the United States military strategy designed to insure the US and its allies continued access to Persian Gulf oil and to suggest alternatives for possible improvement. Although the focus is on US military strategy in the Persian Gulf, it also covers others aspects of US national security policy and strategy. US military policy in the Persian Gulf is derived from a complex process that inextricably links the elements of national strategy with the elements of national power. Conclusions about US policy and strategy in the Persian Gulf that are properly focused and logical require an understanding of US interests and their priorities; US strategies and their feasibility; plus US capabilities and their limitations.

  9. Mental Health and Military-Connected Students on Campus: Culture, Challenges, and Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonar, Ted C.

    2016-01-01

    This chapter provides an overview of common challenges faced by military-connected students on university campuses. The characteristics, culture, and experiences of service members and veterans are described through vignettes based on military-connected students.

  10. United States Strategic Military Access in Northeast Africa.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-12-01

    STATES STRATEGIC MILITARY ACCESS IN NORTHEAST AFRICA * by CD Harold L. Bakken L.J December 1984 Thesis Advisor: M. W. Clough * Approved for public release...ACCESSION NO. 3 RECIPIENT’S CATALOG NUMBER 4. TITLE (..nd Subtitlej S TYPE OF REPORT & PERIOD COVERED United States Strategic Military Access Master’s Thesis ...the state of israel and other important friendly nations in the region. 3. To check the spread of Soviet influence in this strategic region and, by

  11. [Current state and prospects of military personnel health monitoring].

    PubMed

    Rezvantsev, M V; Kuznetsov, S M; Ivanov, V V; Zakurdaev, V V

    2014-01-01

    The current article is dedicated to some features of the Russian Federation Armed Forces military personnel health monitoring such as legal and informational provision, methodological basis of functioning, historical aspect of formation and development of the social and hygienic monitoring in the Russian Federation Armed Forces. The term "military personnel health monitoring" is defined as an analytical system of constant and long-term observation, analysis, assessment, studying of factors determined the military personnel health, these factors correlations, health risk factors management in order to minimize them. The current state of the military personnel health monitoring allows coming to the conclusion that the military health system does have forces and resources for state policy of establishing the population health monitoring system implementation. The following directions of the militarily personnel health monitoring improvement are proposed: the Russian Federation Armed Forces medical service record and report system reorganization bringing it closer to the civilian one, implementation of the integrated approach to the medical service informatisation, namely, military personnel health status and medical service resources monitoring. The leading means in this direction are development and introduction of a military serviceman individual health status monitoring system on the basis of a serviceman electronic medical record card. Also it is proposed the current Russian Federation Armed Forces social and hygienic monitoring improvement at the expense of informational interaction between the two subsystems on the basis of unified military medical service space.

  12. Culture Wars: Air Force Culture and Civil-Military Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-01

    giving stability and legacy to a proud institution. But can this cultural ballast push a service to rock the boat instead?” Does Air Force culture lead...1997 with a bachelor of science in engineering degree in civil engineering and from The George Washington University in 2005 with a master of arts ...of supporting the Army.”49 In between these poles, a vast landscape of operational art lay fallow, underdeveloped and under- appreciated. After his

  13. Culture Wars: Air Force Culture and Civil-Military Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    integration with civilian values.”4 Peter Feaver fills this theoretical void with a deductive theory that accounts for the rational incentives that...understanding of specific self-interest in shaping policy preferences. Research Question Using agency theory for the structural context, this... Michael Salomone, Managing Defense Transformation: Agency, Culture and Service Change (Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2007). 4 evaluates national security

  14. The Cultural Impact of US-Arab Military Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-06-24

    to the complexity of growing up and can foster schizoid personality traits. Many arabists have commented on the rapid change cf Arab emotions and...my own personal views and are not necessarily endorsed by the Naval War College or the Department of the Navy. Signature: 24 June 1981• ,-,DTIC...Clawnifatiln1 The Cultural Impact of US-Arab Military Relations 12. PERSONAL AUTHOR(S). Badolato , Edward V. 1 .D T FRP G O N m 3a. TYPE OF REPORT l3b. TIME

  15. Cultural Self-Awareness as a Crucial Component of Military Cross-Cultural Competence

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-08

    and business community as way to assess someone’s sensitivity for becoming interculturally competent and has been studied for validity.48 19 In...in developing the cultural competence. With the emphasis on Irregular Warfare and interagency cooperation, intercultural exchanges will become more...military in carrying out our National Security Strategy. Conclusion: With the emphasis on Irregular Warfare and interagency cooperation intercultural

  16. Civil Military Cooperation for Counterterrorism Operations within the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    military, specifically Special Operations Forces, possesses a pool of talent in advanced counterterrorism operations that is not being utilized by...United States. The U.S. military, specifically Special Operations Forces, possesses a pool of talent in advanced counterterrorism operations that...examine and restructure the force allowing creativity to be applied to existing and older problems. The Army has created new and effective ideas when

  17. 32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... and direct the installation law enforcement officer to pursue reciprocity with state or host nation... formal military reciprocity, the procedures below will be adopted: (1) Commanders will recognize official... agreement concerning reciprocity may be permitted at a particular overseas installation, the commander...

  18. 32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... and direct the installation law enforcement officer to pursue reciprocity with state or host nation... formal military reciprocity, the procedures below will be adopted: (1) Commanders will recognize official... agreement concerning reciprocity may be permitted at a particular overseas installation, the commander...

  19. Affordable Housing for Military Families: State/Federal Inducement Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-04-01

    14 THE FEDERAL LOW INCOME HOUSING TAX CREDIT AND MILITARY FAMILY ELIGIBILITY...29 Investors ...................................... 29 Financing Low Income Housing Projects With the Tax Credit ......................... 30 Pro...SUMMARY Prov-ding decent housing for low income families is a perennial problem for public policy in the United States. The Federal government has

  20. First War Syndrome: Military Culture, Professionalization, and Counterinsurgency Doctrine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-01

    MASSACHUSETTS INSTIUT OF TECHNOLOGY LIBRARIES Copyright 2010 Masschusetts Institute of Technology. All rights reserved. ’I / I> // /Signature of...shared values for the organization’s members. Thus culture actually improves an organization’s ability to respond to some environmental challenges, tying...enduring power of culture. See also Andrew M. Scott, " Environmental Change and Organizational Adaptation: The Problem of the State Department," and John E

  1. 76 FR 41490 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-14

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of... States Military Academy, Office of the Secretary of the General Staff (MASG), 646 Swift Road, West...

  2. 76 FR 60816 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-30

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of... statements should be sent to the Designated Federal Officer (DFO) at: United States Military Academy,...

  3. 76 FR 5143 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-28

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... States Military Academy Board of Visitors. This is the 2011 Organizational Meeting of the USMA Board of... States Military Academy Board of Visitors. 2. Date: Wednesday, February 16, 2011. ] 3. Time: 12...

  4. 77 FR 58529 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-21

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of... statements should be sent to the Designated Federal Officer (DFO) at: United States Military Academy,...

  5. 78 FR 60266 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-01

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of... statements should be sent to the Designated Federal Officer (DFO) at: United States Military Academy,...

  6. 78 FR 13030 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-26

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of... (DFO) at: United States Military Academy, Office of the Secretary of the General Staff (MASG),...

  7. Integrating Military and Veteran Culture in Social Work Education: Implications for Curriculum Inclusion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canfield, Julie; Weiss, Eugenia

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the conceptual question of how to best integrate military culture and issues into social work education. Military service members, veterans, and their families are returning to civilian communities with the ending of conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan and seeking community-based providers for health and mental health…

  8. The culture of war: a study of women military nurses in Vietnam.

    PubMed

    Scannell-Desch, E

    2000-04-01

    Many books and studies have described the male Vietnam War culture, whereas similar literature about women is almost nonexistent. This study describes the culture of war nursing as experienced by 24 U.S. women military nurses. Data were generated using a core question and in-depth interviews. Phenomenology served as the research method, incorporating data analysis procedures of Colaizzi and Lincoln and Guba. Nine theme categories were identified to describe the culture of war nursing. Core values of the military culture were threaded throughout descriptions, and activities to make their environment more homelike embodied the positive values of their culture.

  9. United States Military Posture for FY 1989.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    modernized munitions while M-1 ABRAMS MAIN BATTLE TANK 9.. LVTP-7 TRACKED LANDING VEHICLES t working toward an interim goal of 40 tactical fighter replace...Command and Control System in industrial expansion and modernization, enable the Study . The United States and its NATO allies are United States to...rorism and the isolation/elimination of IsraeL. Much world and, consequently, to the security of the United work remains to establish a climate in the

  10. 77 FR 31339 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-25

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of... provide the Board updates on the following: Physical, Moral/Ethical and Military Programs, to...

  11. 75 FR 20827 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-21

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of... provide the Board updates on the following: Military Program, Physical Program, Intercollegiate...

  12. 78 FR 32241 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA); Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-29

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA); Meeting AGENCY: Department... Committee: United States Military Academy Board of Visitors. 2. Date: Wednesday, June 19, 2013. 3. Time: 2 p... provide the Board updates on the following: Graduation 2013, Class of 2017, Military Program...

  13. 78 FR 65977 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-04

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will not take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board... of appropriations, the Department of Defense cancelled the meeting of the U.S. Military Academy...

  14. FOLLOW ME! Assisting United States Government Organizations Supporting Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-26

    Briem, Christopher, Joint is dead, what is next?, Proceedings of the United States Naval Institute, January 2004, Volume 130. Bronson , Rachel...20021101faessay99997/rachel- bronson /when- soldiers-become-cops.html. Building Security, Interagency Security Committee Has Had Limited Success in Fulfilling Its...Russell, Richard L. Tug of war: the CIA’s uneasy relationship with the military, SAIS Review, Summer/Fall 20023, volume 22. 72 Shapiro, Shlomo

  15. Adolescent Well-Being in Washington State Military Families

    PubMed Central

    Reed, Sarah C.; Edwards, Todd C.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives. We examined associations between parental military service and adolescent well-being. Methods. We used cross-sectional data from the 2008 Washington State Healthy Youth Survey collected in public school grades 8, 10, and 12 (n = 10 606). We conducted multivariable logistic regression analyses to test associations between parental military service and adolescent well-being (quality of life, depressed mood, thoughts of suicide). Results. In 8th grade, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting thoughts of suicide among adolescent girls (odds ratio [OR] = 1.66; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.19, 2.32) and higher odds of low quality of life (OR = 2.10; 95% CI = 1.43, 3.10) and thoughts of suicide (OR = 1.75; 95% CI = 1.15, 2.67) among adolescent boys. In 10th and 12th grades, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting low quality of life (OR = 2.74; 95% CI = 1.79, 4.20), depressed mood (OR = 1.50; 95% CI = 1.02, 2.20), and thoughts of suicide (OR = 1.64; 95% CI = 1.13, 2.38) among adolescent boys. Conclusions. Parental military deployment is associated with increased odds of impaired well-being among adolescents, especially adolescent boys. Military, school-based, and public health professionals have a unique opportunity to develop school- and community-based interventions to improve the well-being of adolescents in military families. PMID:21778477

  16. United States military casualty comparison during the Persian Gulf War.

    PubMed

    Helmkamp, J C

    1994-06-01

    The United States undertook an extensive mobilization of military forces in Southwest Asia after the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in August 1990. With this massive buildup and the short duration of the Persian Gulf War, an epidemiological comparison of military casualties was of interest. Information extracted from the Worldwide Casualty System maintained by the Department of Defense was used to describe the casualties. Of the 219 (212 men and 7 women) US casualties, 154 were killed in battle and 65 died from nonbattle causes. Thirty-five of the battle deaths were a result of friendly fire. Eighty-three percent of all casualties were white and the mean age at death for all casualties was 26.9 years. The Army had the highest proportion of both battle (58%) and nonbattle (71%) casualties and the Marine Corps had the highest battle casualty rate (0.52 per 1000 personnel) and nonbattle casualty rate (0.31).

  17. United States Military-To-Military Contact with the People’s Liberation Army of China

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-06-01

    might help avert these very crises that may lead to war. In addition, case studies of Indonesia and El Salvador show that the long-held traditions of...Engagement, Military Exchanges, Military Relations, Peacetime Engagement, International Military Education and Training, IMET, Indonesia , El Salvador...very crises that may lead to war. In addition, case studies of Indonesia and El Salvador show that the long-held traditions of strong military

  18. French and American Cross-Cultural Military Education and Relations: One Naval Officer’s Perspective

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-03-01

    determine whether cross- cultural education would have changed the outcome of history. However, a historical perspective may alert the reader to a ...from the perspective of the author of this paper. First, both schools possess the progressive potential to incorporate a formal cross- cultural ...AU/ACSC/0605C/97-03 FRENCH AND AMERICAN CROSS- CULTURAL MILITARY EDUCATION AND RELATIONS: ONE NAVAL OFFICER’S PERSPECTIVE A Research Paper

  19. 77 FR 14006 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-08

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of.... Written statements should be sent to the Designated Federal Officer (DFO) at: United States...

  20. 75 FR 65460 - Renewal of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committee; United States Military Academy Board...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-25

    ... of the Secretary Renewal of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committee; United States Military... Department of Defense gives notice that it is renewing the charter for the United States Military Academy... advice and recommendation to the President of the United States on matters relating to the U.S....

  1. 75 FR 34989 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-21

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Agency: Department of... States Military Academy Board of Visitors. This is the 2010 Summer Meeting of the USMA Board of Visitors... following Federal advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States...

  2. 75 FR 65006 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-21

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... States Military Academy Board of Visitors. This is the 2010 Annual Meeting of the USMA Board of Visitors... following Federal advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States...

  3. 76 FR 63188 - Hawaii State Plan; Change in Level of Federal Enforcement: Military Installations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-12

    ... Administration 29 CFR Part 1952 Hawaii State Plan; Change in Level of Federal Enforcement: Military Installations... document gives notice of OSHA's approval of a change to the state of Hawaii's occupational safety [[Page... military installations. The state of Hawaii, Department of Labor and Industrial Relations, requested in...

  4. 76 FR 31308 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-31

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of.... Written statements should be sent to the Designated Federal Officer (DFO) at: United States...

  5. Recent research on permethrin-treated United States military uniforms

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    History is replete with examples of arthropod-borne illnesses affecting the outcome of military conflicts. Therefore, protection of our U.S. military is paramount when they are deployed on missions throughout the world. A part of the system to protect military personnel consists of wearing permeth...

  6. Simple and efficient isolation of cordycepin from culture broth of a Cordyceps militaris mutant.

    PubMed

    Masuda, Mina; Hatashita, Masanori; Fujihara, Shinya; Suzuki, Yu; Sakurai, Akihiko

    2015-12-01

    Isolation of cordycepin from the culture broth of Cordyceps militaris mutant was investigated. Based on the solubility curve, three crystallizing processes, temperature shift (process I), pH shift (process II), and pH shift followed by temperature shift (process III) were carried out. Process III was the most promising method regarding both purity and yield.

  7. The Cultural Imperative for Professional Military Education and Leader Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    culture -general, knowledge-based approach comes from the principles and Winter2009-10 23 methods of organizational psychology . Researchers have...comparative, dimensional frameworks from orga- nizational psychology can be misleading. Although they do provide a struc- ture for considering cultural ...or Fiction?” JournalofPersonalityandSocial Psychology , 79(August 2000), 204-10. 9. Andrew D. Pressey and Habte G. Selassie, “Are Cultural

  8. Entrepreneurial Expeditionary Economics and the United States Military. Right Task, Wrong Tool?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-01

    British Army School of Advanced Military Studies United States Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth, Kansas AY 2011-02 Approved...ADDRESS(ES) 8. PERFORMING ORG REPORT School of Advanced Military Studies NUMBER 250 Gibbon Avenue Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-2134 9. SPONSORING I...expeditionary economics into a new approach to the successful delivery of aid? This study explores whether the military is the right actor to deliver

  9. [Influence of work factors on health state in personnel servicing military nuclear technical objects].

    PubMed

    Poluboiarinov, V N; Iusov, I G; Ivanchenko, A V; Turlakov, Iu S

    2014-01-01

    Complex of occupational studies and medical, statistical research helped to reveal climate, geographic and other factors influencing health state of personnel servicing military nuclear technical objects. Considering peculiarities of occupational activities in various specialists, the authors specified measures to improve medical service for nuclear technical military officers directly working with nuclear ammunition. Practical application of the measures helped to gain 1.5-1.7 times improvement in morbidity parameters among nuclear technical military officers.

  10. Cultural Diversity in Military Teams: Which Factors Influence Effectiveness?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-01

    Effectiveness. Dependent var Unstand. coeff SE B P Long vs short term 0.117 0.087 0.166 0.182 Masculinity/ feminity 0.041 0.091 0.056 0.657 Uncertainty...Creating hybrid team cultures: An empirical test of transnational team functioning. Academy of Management Journal, 43, 26-49. Edwards. J.E.; Rosenfeld

  11. 48 CFR 252.225-7007 - Prohibition on Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military Companies. 252.225-7007 Section... Chinese Military Companies. As prescribed in 225.1103(4), use the following clause: Prohibition On Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items From Communist Chinese Military Companies (SEP 2006)...

  12. Women in the United States Military: A Contemporary Perspective.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-06-21

    the combat exclusion for women , and all other military policies which were applied differently to males than to females . The Equal Rights Amendment...increases. Where are women in the U.S. military in 1985? Women in the U.S. Military Today. The U.S. armed forces have in 1985 more female members than any...Air Force policy which restricts women from combat is prescribed in Title 10, U.S. Code, Section 8549 which pro- vides: Female members of the Air

  13. Military NGO Interaction: The Value of Cultural Competence

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-08

    jan/17/haiti-quake-injured-hospitals. Tuleja, Elizabeth A. 2008. Intercultural communication for business . Mason, OH. USA: South- Western Cengage...provide case studies to examine the applicability and validity of these ideas. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Culture, Communication , Non -Governmental...symbols, verbal and non - verbal . Words have meanings that are not always the same, even in the same language, and ideas that are self-evident to a

  14. Military Culture: A Paradigm Shift? (Maxwell Paper, Number 10)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-02-01

    status (i.e., sexual orientation ) and actual sex - ual conduct. Although a few individual gays legally chal - lenged their dismissal based upon DOD policy...47 The court ruled that the military’s homosexual ban violates New York’s ban on discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation by any state agency... sexual orientation is considered a pri - vate matter and not grounds for discharge. In contrast, RAND’s 1993 study (a 518-page comprehen - sive analysis

  15. [The history of military training at the First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M.Sechenov].

    PubMed

    Chizh, I M; Putilo, V M; Tregubov, V N; Timakov, V V

    2011-11-01

    In 2011, the oldest medical educational institution of Russia--the First Moscow State Medical University n. a. I.M.Sechenov celebrates 85 years of military training. Passing not easy, but at the same time, glorious path of military training in First MGMU n. a. I.M.Sechenov today occupies a key place in the training of military physicians.

  16. Military Spending and Economic Well-Being in the American States: The Post-Vietnam War Era

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borch, Casey; Wallace, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Using growth curve modeling techniques, this research investigates whether military spending improved or worsened the economic well-being of citizens within the American states during the post-Vietnam War period. We empirically test the military Keynesianism claim that military spending improves the economic conditions of citizens through its use…

  17. 26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of... § 301.7701-8 Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States. The term “military or naval forces of the United States” and the term “Armed Forces of the United States” each includes all...

  18. Spontaneous and Deliberate Dissociative States in Military Personnel: Relationships to Objective Performance Under Stress

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-01

    Disorders , Ed 4. Washington, DC, APA, 1994. 2. Eisen ML, Lynn SJ: Dissociation , memory and suggestibility in adults and children. Appl Cogn Psychol 2001; 15...Pacella ML, Irish L, Ostrowski SA, et al: Avoidant coping as a mediator between peritraumatic dissociation and posttraumatic stress disorder . J Trauma...BRIEF REPORTS MILITARY MEDICINE, 179, 9:955, 2014 Spontaneous and Deliberate Dissociative States in Military Personnel: Relationships to Objective

  19. Reflections on the United States Military 1941-1987

    PubMed Central

    Mandels, Mary; Eveleigh, Douglas E

    2009-01-01

    This article, 'Reflections on the United States Military 1941-1987' written by my grandmother, Mary Mandels, illustrates her passion for life. Her outreach article was considered most appropriate for publication in this forum. Her career activities are outlined in the prior article 'Mary Elizabeth Hickox Mandels, 90, Bioenergy Leader' while her accomplishments were fully recognized, for instance, nationally through the American Chemical Society and through her induction into the Hall of Fame at the US Army Soldier Systems Center in Natick, Massachusetts. As illustrated, along with Dr Elwyn Reese at Natick's Pioneering Research Laboratory, she headed a bioengineering group that is particularly remembered for developing a process for the enzymatic conversion of waste cellulosic biomass into soluble sugars that could be fermented to ethanol for an alternate liquid fuel (gasohol). This technology remains a subject of interest with growing environmental concerns and an oil shortage crisis. Mary broke the promotional glass ceiling in her own field, all the more remarkable from the perspective that she was born 3 years before women gained the right to vote. Her talents as the family storyteller, enthralling her four siblings while growing up, later reflected her abilities as an outstanding mentor to young scientists. Mary's passions went beyond her career with a love of nature and the outdoors, taking frequent canoe, hiking, skiing, and camping trips. She had a broad fascination for science, foci including her encyclopedic knowledge of plants and wildlife. When not outdoors Mary enjoyed listening to music, from opera to 'Bobby' Dylan, as she called him. Her voracious appetite for books was apparent by the tomes that covered her coffee table. She was never shy to share her political opinions and would send long handwritten letters to politicians who did something to her disapproval. She was strong willed and passionate in everything that she did. In particular was her love

  20. Compliance with antimalarial chemoprophylaxis recommendations for wounded United States military personnel admitted to a military treatment facility.

    PubMed

    Rini, Elizabeth A; Weintrob, Amy C; Tribble, David R; Lloyd, Bradley A; Warkentien, Tyler E; Shaikh, Faraz; Li, Ping; Aggarwal, Deepak; Carson, M Leigh; Murray, Clinton K

    2014-06-01

    Malaria chemoprophylaxis is used as a preventive measure in military personnel deployed to malaria-endemic countries. However, limited information is available on compliance with chemoprophylaxis among trauma patients during hospitalization and after discharge. Therefore, we assessed antimalarial primary chemoprophylaxis and presumptive antirelapse therapy (primaquine) compliance among wounded United States military personnel after medical evacuation from Afghanistan (June 2009-August 2011) to Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in Landstuhl, Germany, and then to three U.S. military hospitals. Among admissions at Landstuhl Regional Medical Center, 74% of 2,540 patients were prescribed primary chemoprophylaxis and < 1% were prescribed primaquine. After transfer of 1,331 patients to U.S. hospitals, 93% received primary chemoprophylaxis and 33% received primaquine. Of 751 trauma patients with available post-admission data, 42% received primary chemoprophylaxis for four weeks, 33% received primaquine for 14 days, and 17% received both. These antimalarial chemoprophylaxis prescription rates suggest that improved protocols to continue malaria chemoprophylaxis in accordance with force protection guidelines are needed.

  1. Compliance with Antimalarial Chemoprophylaxis Recommendations for Wounded United States Military Personnel Admitted to a Military Treatment Facility

    PubMed Central

    Rini, Elizabeth A.; Weintrob, Amy C.; Tribble, David R.; Lloyd, Bradley A.; Warkentien, Tyler E.; Shaikh, Faraz; Li, Ping; Aggarwal, Deepak; Carson, M. Leigh; Murray, Clinton K.

    2014-01-01

    Malaria chemoprophylaxis is used as a preventive measure in military personnel deployed to malaria-endemic countries. However, limited information is available on compliance with chemoprophylaxis among trauma patients during hospitalization and after discharge. Therefore, we assessed antimalarial primary chemoprophylaxis and presumptive antirelapse therapy (primaquine) compliance among wounded United States military personnel after medical evacuation from Afghanistan (June 2009–August 2011) to Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in Landstuhl, Germany, and then to three U.S. military hospitals. Among admissions at Landstuhl Regional Medical Center, 74% of 2,540 patients were prescribed primary chemoprophylaxis and < 1% were prescribed primaquine. After transfer of 1,331 patients to U.S. hospitals, 93% received primary chemoprophylaxis and 33% received primaquine. Of 751 trauma patients with available post-admission data, 42% received primary chemoprophylaxis for four weeks, 33% received primaquine for 14 days, and 17% received both. These antimalarial chemoprophylaxis prescription rates suggest that improved protocols to continue malaria chemoprophylaxis in accordance with force protection guidelines are needed. PMID:24732457

  2. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-11-06

    A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief Matthew C. Weed Analyst in...00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current...by ANSI Std Z39-18 A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: In Brief Congressional Research Service Contents The

  3. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-10-21

    A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief Matthew C. Weed Analyst in...00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current...by ANSI Std Z39-18 A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: In Brief Congressional Research Service Contents The

  4. The Infusion of Language, Regional, and Cultural Content into Military Education: Status Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    Arabic, Russian, or Japanese and at least one has to be a romance or Germanic language . The faculty looks at academic composite scores to place...I N S T I T U T E F O R D E F E N S E A N A LY S E S IDA Document D-4261 The Infusion of Language , Regional, and Cultural Content into Military...Jessica L. Knight, Contributor Joseph Adams, Contributor iii Executive Summary This report documents IDA’s examination of the infusion of language

  5. Production of cordycepin and mycelia by submerged fermentation of Cordyceps militaris in mixture natural culture.

    PubMed

    Xie, Chun-yan; Gu, Zhen-xin; Fan, Gong-jian; Gu, Fei-rong; Han, Yong-bin; Chen, Zhi-gang

    2009-08-01

    The submerged fermentation of Cordyceps militaris for cordycepin production and mycelial growth was investigated in this study. Three natural materials of brown rice paste (BRP), beerwort (B), and soybean meal juice (SMJ) were used for fermentation of C. militaris in shaking flasks. The effects of the ratio of three natural materials on dry mycelium weight (DMW) and on cordycepin yield (CY) were analyzed. D-Optional mixture design was used to optimize the ratio of these materials. Compared with the signal culture, the higher mycelial growth and cordycepin production were obtained in mixture. The analysis of Design Expert 6.0 indicated that BRP, B, and SMJ very significantly influenced (P < 0.001) DMW and CY of C. militaris, respectively. The highest DMW (18.96 g/l) and CY (2.17 mg/g) were both obtained at a ratio of 53:6:42. The experiments' results indicated that the above mixture of these natural materials by D-optional mixture design can be used as a proper medium for the growth of mycelium and the production of cordycepin.

  6. Paramilitary Culture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibson, James William

    1989-01-01

    Identifies the movie, "Rambo," and "Soldier of Fortune" magazine as artifacts of "paramilitary culture." Contends that they are a social phenomenon which helps legitimate the United States government's rapid escalation of military forces. (MS)

  7. Authorities for Military Operations Against Terrorist Groups: The State of the Debate and Options for Congress

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    11. As of mid-2016, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) had been responsible for multiple terrorist attacks outside Iraq and Syria. It...Qaeda in Iraq AUMF authorization for the use of military force DoD U.S. Department of Defense H.J. Res. House joint resolution ISIL Islamic State of Iraq...and the Levant, also commonly known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) S.J. Res. Senate joint resolution 1 Authorities for Military

  8. Military westernization and state repression in the post-Cold War era.

    PubMed

    Swed, Ori; Weinreb, Alexander

    2015-09-01

    The waves of unrest that have shaken the Arab world since December 2010 have highlighted significant differences in the readiness of the military to intervene in political unrest by forcefully suppressing dissent. We suggest that in the post-Cold War period, this readiness is inversely associated with the level of military westernization, which is a product of the acquisition of arms from western countries. We identify two mechanisms linking the acquisition of arms from western countries to less repressive responses: dependence and conditionality; and a longer-term diffusion of ideologies regarding the proper form of civil-military relations. Empirical support for our hypothesis is found in an analysis of 2523 cases of government response to political unrest in 138 countries in the 1996-2005 period. We find that military westernization mitigates state repression in general, with more pronounced effects in the poorest countries. However, we also identify substantial differences between the pre- and post-9/11 periods.

  9. United States Special Operations Command Professional Military Education

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-01

    Force Management and Development Division; Gap Analysis; Formal Documents; Command and Staff College ; Admiral William H. McRaven; Senior Officers...ACSC Air Command and Staff College ARSOF Army Special Operations Forces CAC Combined Arms Center CGSC Command and General Staff College CJCS...Corps Command and Staff College MCU Marine Corps University MCWAR Marine Corps War College MMS Master’s of Military Science NCR National Capital

  10. Why They Leave: Resignations from the United States Military Academy Class of 1966.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leider, Robert

    The study explores the reasons for the resignation from the United States Army among graduates of the United States Military Class of 1966. It seeks to determine reasons for resignations, quality of resignees compared with nonresignees, and what can be done to reduce resignations of Academy graduates. Through questionnaires and personal…

  11. 75 FR 60159 - Determination Concerning the Bolivian Military and Police Under the Department of State, Foreign...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Determination Concerning the Bolivian Military and Police Under the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and... police personnel who have been credibly alleged to have violated internationally recognized human...

  12. State of innovation in suicide intervention research with military populations.

    PubMed

    Conner, Kenneth R; Simons, Kelsey

    2015-06-01

    A systematic search was performed to identify active, externally funded randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that target suicidal ideation or behavior as a primary or secondary outcome among U.S. military service members, guard-reservists, and veterans. Twenty-three studies were identified, most funded by the U.S. Department of Defense or U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Several innovations were identified based on departures from or modernizations of usual practices and included the targeting of suicide deaths or attempts as primary outcome, delivery of interventions through technology and/or outside clinical settings, and examinations of rarely studied treatments.

  13. Success of High Tibial Osteotomy in the United States Military

    PubMed Central

    Waterman, Brian R.; Hoffmann, Jeffrey D.; Laughlin, Matthew D.; Burks, Robert; Pallis, Mark P.; Tokish, John M.; Belmont, Philip J.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Historically, high tibial osteotomy (HTO) has been performed to treat isolated medial gonarthrosis with varus deformity. Purpose: To evaluate the occupational outcomes of HTO in a high-demand military cohort. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A retrospective analysis of active duty service members undergoing HTO for coronal plane malalignment and/or intra-articular pathology was performed using the Military Health System between 2003 and 2011. Demographic parameters and surgical variables, including rates of perioperative complications, secondary surgery, activity limitations, and medical discharge, were extracted from electronic medical records. For the current study, cumulative failure was defined as conversion to knee arthroplasty or postoperative medical discharge for persistent knee dysfunction. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify statistical associations with cumulative failure after HTO. Results: A total of 181 service members (202 HTOs) were identified at an average follow-up of 47.5 months (range, 24-96 months). Mean age was 35.7 years (range, 19-55 years), and the majority were men (93%) and of enlisted rank (78%). All index procedures utilized a valgus-producing, opening wedge technique. Concomitant or staged procedures were performed in 87 patients (48%), including 40 ligamentous, 48 meniscal, and 48 chondral procedures. Complications occurred in 19.3% of knees (n = 39), with unplanned reoperation in 26 knees (12.8%). Fifty-three patients (40.7%) had minor activity limitations during military duty postoperatively. Eleven knees (5.4%) underwent conversion to total knee arthroplasty. The cumulative failure rate was 28.2% (n = 51) at 2- to 8-year follow-up. Patient age younger than 30 years at the time of surgery was associated with an independently higher risk of failure, whereas sex, concomitant/staged procedures, and perioperative complications were not significantly associated with

  14. 48 CFR 225.770 - Prohibition on acquisition of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Prohibition on acquisition of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military companies. 225.770 Section 225... of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military companies. This...

  15. Explaining unsafe sexual behaviour: cultural definitions and health in the military.

    PubMed

    Whitehead, P C; Carpenter, D

    1999-01-01

    This study examined the reasons why military personnel in the Canadian Forces (CF) engaged in risky sexual practices despite their knowledge acquired during educational/informal training programs. Analytic induction and grounded theory were used to generate and test their explanations. Interviews were first conducted with seven key informants and later with 71 members of the CF in order to formulate, test and reshape hypotheses accounting for heterosexual acts without the use of condoms. Findings suggest that unsafe sexual behavior were not viewed as irrational or deviant. Rather, they were considered meaningful for the individual concerned and conformed to certain cultural ideals. Unsafe sexual practices were rooted in localized socially constructed meanings of sex, risk and relationships within the military. The meanings have implications for the ways in which public health information was taken up and used by armed forces personnel, and led individuals to put themselves at risk of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases in certain social contexts. This relatively new explanation of taking sexual risks forms the basis for programs and interventions of a type not hitherto tried in armed service environments.

  16. The Sociology Program in a Professional School Setting: The United States Military Academy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Segal, Mady Wechsler; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Contends that new sociology programs are more likely to be established in professional schools than in liberal arts curricula. Argues that the experience of the United States Military Academy, where a full sociology major was established in the context of a professional curriculum, provides lessons in how such development might take place.…

  17. Construction of Military Facilities in Afghanistan: Is the United States Utilizing the Best Course of Action?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-02

    history, the late Dr. Louis Dupree, stated in reference to the 1946 Helmand Valley Project: "Given the ingredients of the non-literate, peasant-tribal...small, inefficient coke stove for wrumth?2 P. Jors 8 In early 1941, the US Military developed the Quonset Hut whose semi-cylindrical form was copied

  18. Developing Leaders of Character at the United States Military Academy: A Relational Developmental Systems Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Callina, Kristina Schmid; Ryan, Diane; Murray, Elise D.; Colby, Anne; Damon, William; Matthews, Michael; Lerner, Richard M.

    2017-01-01

    A paucity of literature exists on the processes of character development within diverse contexts. In this article, the authors use the United States Military Academy at West Point (USMA) as a sample case for understanding character development processes within an institution of higher education. The authors present a discussion of relational…

  19. 75 FR 7571 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... Government in the Sunshine Act of 1976 (5 U.S.C. 552b, as amended), and 41 CFR 102-3.150, the Department...

  20. Korean Higher Education under the United States Military Government: 1945-1948

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Jeong-Kyu

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine Korean higher education under the United States Military Government (1945-1948). In order to review this study, the author uses a descriptive analysis methodology. In addition, to research the study systematically, this paper first of all outlines the historic and political context of post-World War II in…

  1. The United States Military’s Role in Combating Transnational Organized Crime

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    functional and cross cultural interdependence, it is clear that the disintermediation of economic resources and information systems, the transformation in...Luminoso) that gleaned considerable revenues from narcotics trafficking. In Sri Lanka, the military has fought the Tamil Tigers who derive significant... literature does not suggest that further development into a hybrid organization that shares goals and dogma is inevitable or even probable. The final merger

  2. Geo-Environmental Change and the United States Military: How History Can Inform Future Arctic Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-17

    Middle East and South Asia ,‖ in USWB, 13.3.1981, 12. 177 Bowman and Lefebvre, ―The Indian Ocean,‖ in Dowdy and Trood, 421. 178 Larry W. Bowman...U.S. interests in the region varied over time, however. According to Ashok Kapur, ―In Middle East and South Asia military crises (1967, 1971, and...to East Asia emerged either in the State Department or the military,‖ and (4) ―the rapid decline of interest among the American public once most US

  3. Characterization of culturable heterotrophic bacteria in hydrocarbon-contaminated soil from an alpine former military site.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Dechao; Margesin, Rosa

    2014-06-01

    We characterized the culturable, heterotrophic bacterial community in soil collected from a former alpine military site contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons. The physiologically active eubacterial community, as revealed by fluorescence-in situ-hybridization, accounted for 14.9 % of the total (DAPI-stained) bacterial community. 4.0 and 1.2 % of the DAPI-stained cells could be attributed to culturable, heterotrophic bacteria able to grow at 20 and 10 °C, respectively. The majority of culturable bacterial isolates (23/28 strains) belonged to the Proteobacteria with a predominance of Alphaproteobacteria. The remaining isolates were affiliated with the Firmicutes, Actinobacteria and Bacteroidetes. Five strains could be identified as representatives of novel species. Characterization of the 28 strains demonstrated their adaptation to the temperature and nutrient conditions prevailing in the studied soil. One-third of the strains was able to grow at subzero temperatures (-5 °C). Studies on the effect of temperature on growth and lipase production with two selected strains demonstrated their low-temperature adaptation.

  4. United States Military in Central Asia: Beyond Operation Enduring Freedom

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-23

    Malinowski , advocacy director for Human Rights Watch, stated, “the United States is most effective in promoting liberty around the world when people...26 U.S. President, The National Security Strategy of the United States of America, page? 27 Thomas Malinowski , “Testimony

  5. Advising China, 1924-1948: The Role of Military Culture in Foreign Advisory Missions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-27

    environment in which many officers valued political loyalty over military competency, quantity over quality, tradition over modernization, and endurance...disciplinary action. Enlisted soldiers on the other 10 hand were subject to beatings, brandings , and executions even for small transgressions.21...Military Academy. Whampoa heavily contributed to the Nationalist Army’s rigid dependence on political loyalty over military proficiency. 35 While the

  6. The intersection of a military culture and indigenous peoples in conservation issues.

    PubMed

    Marler, Thomas E

    2013-11-01

    Military operations impose various positive and negative consequences on the environment. Three case studies are presented illuminating how local indigenous peoples as stakeholders may be vulnerable to being disenfranchised from important discussions concerning military activities. The study of ecological issues associated with sustaining a military footprint may be particularly useful for informing the global debate that pits strict conservation against human well-being.

  7. Weapon carrying, physical fighting and gang membership among youth in Washington state military families.

    PubMed

    Reed, Sarah C; Bell, Janice F; Edwards, Todd C

    2014-10-01

    To examine associations between parental military service and school-based weapon carrying, school-based physical fighting and gang membership among youth. We used cross-sectional data from the 2008 Washington State Healthy Youth Survey collected in 8th, 10th, and 12th grades of public schools (n = 9,987). Parental military service was categorized as none (reference group), without combat zone deployment, or deployed to a combat zone. Multivariable logistic regression was used to test associations between parental military service and three outcomes: school-based weapon carrying, school-based physical fighting and gang membership. Standard errors were adjusted for the complex survey design. In 8th grade, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting gang membership (OR = 1.8) among girls, and higher odds of physical fighting (OR = 1.6), and gang membership (OR = 1.9) among boys. In 10th/12th grade, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting physical fighting (OR = 2.0) and gang membership (OR = 2.2) among girls, and physical fighting (OR = 2.0), carrying a weapon (OR = 2.3) among boys. Parental military deployment is associated with increased odds of reporting engagement in school-based physical fighting, school-based weapon carrying, and gang membership, particularly among older youth. Military, school, and public health professionals have a unique, collaborative opportunity to develop school- and community-based interventions to prevent violence-related behaviors among youth and, ultimately, improve the health and safety of youth in military families. Ideally, such programs would target families and youth before they enter eighth grade.

  8. Salinity-Induced Anti-Angiogenesis Activities and Structural Changes of the Polysaccharides from Cultured Cordyceps Militaris

    PubMed Central

    Zeng, Yangyang; Han, Zhangrun; Qiu, Peiju; Zhou, Zijing; Tang, Yang; Zhao, Yue; Zheng, Sha; Xu, Chenchen; Zhang, Xiuli; Yin, Pinghe; Jiang, Xiaolu; Lu, Hong; Yu, Guangli; Zhang, Lijuan

    2014-01-01

    Cordyceps is a rare and exotic mushroom that grows out of the head of a mummified caterpillar. Many companies are cultivating Cordyceps to meet the increased demand for its medicinal applications. However, the structures and functions of polysaccharides, one of the pharmaceutical active ingredients in Cordyceps, are difficult to reproduce in vitro. We hypothesized that mimicking the salty environment inside caterpillar bodies might make the cultured fungus synthesize polysaccharides with similar structures and functions to that of wild Cordyceps. By adding either sodium sulfate or sodium chloride into growth media, we observed the salinity-induced anti-angiogenesis activities of the polysaccharides purified from the cultured C. Militaris. To correlate the activities with the polysaccharide structures, we performed the 13C-NMR analysis and observed profound structural changes including different proportions of α and β glycosidic bonds and appearances of uronic acid signals in the polysaccharides purified from the culture after the salts were added. By coupling the techniques of stable 34S-sulfate isotope labeling, aniline- and D5-aniline tagging, and stable isotope facilitated uronic acid-reduction with LC-MS analysis, our data revealed for the first time the existence of covalently linked sulfate and the presence of polygalacuronic acids in the polysaccharides purified from the salt added C. Militaris culture. Our data showed that culturing C. Militaris with added salts changed the biosynthetic scheme and resulted in novel polysaccharide structures and functions. These findings might be insightful in terms of how to make C. Militaris cultures to reach or to exceed the potency of wild Cordyceps in future. PMID:25203294

  9. A Century of Misunderstanding: The History of the Development of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Understanding in the United States Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    A CENTURY OF MISUNDERSTANDING: THE HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER UNDERSTANDING IN THE UNITED STATES...Development of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Understanding in the United States Military 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT...thesis examines the development of Post - Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) understanding within the United States Military. The study follows the

  10. United States Military Presence in Central Asia: Implications of United States Basing for Central Asian Stability

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-06-01

    shaped the way American leaders focus on their global military posture strategy. Immediately following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack, the...two decades, and the changing international security environment, have shaped the way American leaders focus on their global military posture...for her outstanding support and unconditional love. The stay in Monterey was sweetened by the addition of our two daughters, Amani and Tracy. Much

  11. Assessing Climate Change Impacts for Military Installations in the Southwest United States During the Warm Season

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castro, C.

    2013-05-01

    Arid and semi-arid regions are experiencing some of the most adverse impacts of climate change with increased heat waves, droughts, and extreme weather. These events will likely exacerbate socioeconomic and political instabilities in regions where the United States has vital strategic interests and ongoing military operations. The Southwest U.S. is strategically important in that it houses some of the most spatially expansive and important military installations in the country. The majority of severe weather events in the Southwest occur in association with the North American monsoon system (NAMS), and current observational record has shown a 'wet gets wetter and dry gets drier' global monsoon precipitation trend. We seek to evaluate the warm season extreme weather projection in the Southwest U.S., and how the extremes can affect Department of Defense (DoD) military facilities in that region. A baseline methodology is being developed to select extreme warm season weather events based on historical sounding data and moisture surge observations from Gulf of California. Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP)-type high resolution simulations will be performed for the extreme events identified from Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) model simulations initiated from IPCC GCM and NCAR Reanalysis data in both climate control and climate change periods. The magnitude in extreme event changes will be analyzed, and the synoptic forcing patterns of the future severe thunderstorms will provide a guide line to assess if the military installations in the Southwest will become more or less susceptible to severe weather in the future.

  12. 32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... infractions by Armed Service personnel off post. Installation commanders will honor the reciprocal authority... immediately for refusal to submit to a lawful BAC test. The notification will be sent to the appropriate state... for the suspension/revocation and the BAC level if applicable. (d) OCONUS installation commanders...

  13. 32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... infractions by Armed Service personnel off post. Installation commanders will honor the reciprocal authority... immediately for refusal to submit to a lawful BAC test. The notification will be sent to the appropriate state... for the suspension/revocation and the BAC level if applicable. (d) OCONUS installation commanders...

  14. 32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... infractions by Armed Service personnel off post. Installation commanders will honor the reciprocal authority... immediately for refusal to submit to a lawful BAC test. The notification will be sent to the appropriate state... for the suspension/revocation and the BAC level if applicable. (d) OCONUS installation commanders...

  15. China’s Military Space Program: A Threat to the United States or a Peaceful Endeavor

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-02-15

    AIR WAR COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY CHINA’S MILITARY SPACE PROGRAM: A THREAT TO THE UNITED STATES OR A PEACEFUL ENDEAVOR...Biography Colonel Timothy Wulff is an Army intelligence officer assigned to the Air War College , Air University, Maxwell AFB, AL...use of space. The U.S will employ a variety of measures to help assure the use of space for all responsible parties , and, consistent with the

  16. Can and Should the United States Preserve A Military Capability for Revolutionary Conflict

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1972-01-01

    relentlessly into more costly intervencions . This concern ignores the fact that the United States has for many years been providing a modest level of...34 "ad" crisis management" in opposition to what was increasingly viewed as the bankrupt notion of "massive retaliation." That notion had. failed to deter...considerable capacity to learn, the military organizations responsible for assessing crisis and threat situations are burdened with long-standing

  17. Northeast Asia Regional Security and the United States Military: Context, Presence, and Roles

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-11-01

    144 Michael O ’ Hanlon , “Keep US Forces in Korea After Unification,” The Korean Journal of Defense Analysis X, no. 1 (Summer 1998): 5. 145...of Koreans Oppose NMD,” The Korea Times, April 9, 2001. Accessed online. 113 William O . Odom, “The United States Military in a Reunified Korea...The Diplomatic Role of Non-Weaponized Programs. Rosalind R. Reynolds, January 1996 8. Five Minutes Past Midnight: The Clear and Present Danger

  18. Slowing Military Change

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-10-01

    Military Models to Ottoman Turkey and Meiji Japan,” in Theo Farrell and Terry Terriff, eds., The Sources of Military Change: Culture, Politics, Technology...2002; Farrell and Terriff, “The Sources of Military Change”; Goldman, “The Spread of Western Military Models to Ottoman Turkey and Meiji Japan.” 107

  19. A Peacetime/Wartime Framework. Soviet and Chinese Views of Military and Non-Military Factors in the Balance of Power and Their Implications for the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-01-31

    8217Military Factors the Balance of Power and their Implications for the United States Banning N. Garrett 0 Bennie S. Glaser LJI C ~~ Palomar Corporation 1715...fuel for diesel engines, the Soviets have stored hundreds of coal-burning locomotives . pp. 125-126. The Soviets also have huge stacks of assembled

  20. The intersection of a military culture and indigenous peoples in conservation issues

    PubMed Central

    Marler, Thomas E

    2013-01-01

    Military operations impose various positive and negative consequences on the environment. Three case studies are presented illuminating how local indigenous peoples as stakeholders may be vulnerable to being disenfranchised from important discussions concerning military activities. The study of ecological issues associated with sustaining a military footprint may be particularly useful for informing the global debate that pits strict conservation against human well-being. PMID:24567778

  1. Revolving Doors: The Impact of Multiple School Transitions on Military Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruff, S. Beth; Keim, Michael A.

    2014-01-01

    There are 1.2 million school-age children with military parents in the United States, and approximately 90% attend public schools. On average, military children move three times more often than their civilian peers. Tensions at home, enrollment issues, adapting to new schools, and a lack of familiarity with military culture by public school…

  2. Catalog of the Orientalia Collection of the U.S. Military Academy Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Pingkun; Kao, Angela H.H.

    This bibliography of the holdings of the United States Military Academy Library's Orientalia Collection as of January 1977 lists books and periodicals written mostly in Chinese, with a few words in Japanese and English. The major subjects include general and military history, history of military art and science, biography, culture, geography,…

  3. State institutions and social identity: National representation in soldiers' and civilians' interview talk concerning military service.

    PubMed

    Gibson, Stephen; Condor, Susan

    2009-06-01

    Theory and research deriving from social identity or self-categorization perspectives often starts out with the presumption that social actors necessarily view societal objects such as nations or states as human categories. However, recent work suggests that this may be only one of a number of forms that societal representation may take. For example, nations may be understood variously as peoples, places, or institutions. This paper presents findings from a qualitative interview study conducted in England, in which soldiers and civilians talked about nationhood in relation to military service. Analysis indicated that, in this context, speakers were often inclined to use the terms 'Britain', 'nation', and 'country' as references to a political institution as opposed to a category of people. In addition, there were systematic differences between the ways in which the two samples construed their nation in institutional terms. The civilians were inclined to treat military service as a matter of obedience to the dictates of the Government of the day. In contrast, the soldiers were more inclined to frame military service as a matter of loyalty to state as symbolically instantiated in the body of the sovereign. Implications for work adopting a social identity perspective are discussed.

  4. Strategic culture and ballistic missile defense: Russia and the United States. Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Becker, M.D.

    1993-06-01

    This thesis examines U.S. and Russian history and current policy debates to advance understanding of: (1) the strategic cultures of these nations, particularly with respect to BMD policies in the recent past; and (2) whether and how their strategic cultures and approaches to BMD are changing and how that may affect future strategic BMD developments and the status of the ABM Treaty. The development of BMD strategies, including policies concerning the ABM Treaty, within the framework of the established American and Russian strategic cultures is studied, with due attention to the Soviet experience and legacy in the Russian case. U.S. strategic culture does not seem to have changed significantly with the end of the Cold War, but U.S. BMD priorities have been redefined to reflect a higher priority attached to regional and theater-level defenses. It is apparent that the Soviet experience did have a significant impact on Russian strategic culture. Faced with major changes in its international status, domestic political-military arrangements, and scope of national security concerns, Russian strategic culture is nonetheless moving beyond the old Soviet culture. Future Russian policies regarding the transfer of BMD technology, sharing early warning data, and participating in a global protective system are heavily dependent on domestic political developments. United States, Russia, USSR, Strategic culture, Ballistic missile defense, National strategy, Nuclear strategy, Strategic defense, ABM Treaty, Arms control, Strategic stability.

  5. Epidemiology of Sexually Transmitted Infections among Human Immunodeficiency Virus Positive United States Military Personnel.

    PubMed

    Tzeng, Jeff S; Clark, Leslie L; Garges, Eric C; Otto, Jean Lin

    2013-01-01

    Background. Minimal data exist that describe the epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections (STI) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive populations across the pre- and post-diagnosis periods for HIV. Purpose. The purpose of this study was to identify and describe the epidemiology of gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, herpes simplex virus, and human papillomavirus in an HIV-positive population. Methods. All 1,961 HIV seropositive United States active duty military personnel from 2000-2010 were identified. STI diagnoses relative to HIV diagnosis from 1995, which was the earliest electronic medical record available, to 2010 were examined. Results. The incidence diagnosis rates of STI generally increased during the period leading up to eventual HIV diagnosis. The rates of STI during the post-HIV diagnosis period fluctuated, but remained elevated compared to pre-HIV diagnosis period. Approximately 45%-69% with an STI in the HIV seropositive military population were diagnosed with their first STI greater than one year after their HIV diagnosis. Of those who were diagnosed with an STI in the post-HIV diagnosis period, 70.6% had one STI diagnosis, 23.5% had two STI diagnoses, and 5.8% had three or more STI diagnoses. Conclusions. Despite aggressive counseling, high-risk sexual behavior continues to occur in the HIV-positive military population.

  6. Nutrient Recovery of Starch Processing Waste to Cordyceps militaris: Solid State Cultivation and Submerged Liquid Cultivation.

    PubMed

    Lee, Joonyeob; Cho, Kyungjin; Shin, Seung Gu; Bae, Hyokwan; Koo, Taewoan; Han, Gyuseong; Hwang, Seokhwan

    2016-09-01

    This study demonstrated the potential for managing starch processing waste (SPW) by bioconversion to Cordyceps militaris mycelia using solid state cultivation (SSC) and submerged liquid cultivation (SLC). The growth characteristics of C. militaris mycelium were accessed and compared for SSC and SLC systems on SPW under various conditions of initial SPW concentration, pH, and operating temperature. To quantify the mycelial biomass in SLC, original primer sets targeting the 18S rRNA gene of C. militaris were developed. In SSC, a maximum mycelial growth rate (543.1 mm(2)/day) was predicted to occur at 25.6 g SPW/L, pH 5.5, and 23.8 °C. In SLC, a maximum mycelial growth rate (1918.6 mg/L/day) was predicted to occur at 35.5 g SPW/L, pH 5.5, and 22.0 °C. Temperature was suggested as the most significant factor in both systems. The higher optimum substrate concentration observed for SLC than for SSC was likely due to difference in mycelial morphology and mixing effect.

  7. [The state of health of the US Armed Forces military personnel in 2012].

    PubMed

    Golota, A S; Krassiĭ, A B; Nagibovich, O A; Sivashchenko, P P

    2013-08-01

    The current article is dedicated to the state of health of the US Armed Forces military active component personnel in 2012 according to the report published by the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center in April 2013 issue of Center's Medical Surveillance Monthly Report. Sequentially, the key characteristics of ambulatory visits and hospitalization for the leading disease chapters and certain disease groups have been presented. The data have been given for the total personnel as well as for male and female separately. The general hospitalization has also been presented for the US Armed Forces components.

  8. Tobacco Research in the Military: Reflections on 20 Years of Research in the United States Air Force.

    PubMed

    Talcott, G Wayne; Ebbert, Jon O; Klesges, Robert C; Linde, Brittany D; Seals, Robert W; Krukowski, Rebecca A; Grieser, Emily A; Oh, John Y; Martin-Zona, Denise M

    2015-08-01

    The U.S. military is one of the world's largest employers. Approximately 30% of active duty military personnel smoke cigarettes and more than 14% use smokeless tobacco. The military has historically supported tobacco use and more recently is attempting to combat its use. Through 20 years of collaborative research with the United States Air Force, we have learned that smoking bans are effective, recruits who have never previously smoked cigarettes initiate tobacco use, smokeless tobacco serves as a gateway for smoking initiation, smoking is associated with discharge, smoking adds significant proximal training costs, tobacco use increases during deployment, and tobacco quitline counseling with a provision of medication is effective. Our findings may provide groundwork for future tobacco control efforts in the U.S. military.

  9. Cultural Continuity and Change in Mexico and the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Marion J.; Barnes, Buckley R.

    Culture is the main subject of this student material for a quarter or one-semester course on a comparative study of Mexico and the United States. The ongoing processes of continuity and change in culture and their relationship are emphasized. The first chapter is devoted to the concept of culture, the total way of life of a people from language…

  10. Army Materiel Requirements to Support the Continental United States Military Mobilization Base Structure

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-10-01

    Materiel Command AMOPS ............. Army Mobilization and Operations Planning System AMPC .............. Army Military Personnel Center AR...must train. The Army Military Personnel Center ( AMPC ) uses an automated mobilization manpower (MOB MAN) requirements data manipulator system to

  11. State Policymakers: Supporting Military Families with Children. Policy Briefing Series. Issue 15

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Melissa; Lettieri, Chelsea

    2008-01-01

    Managing work and family responsibilities is particularly difficult for military families with children. While military life has always been demanding, in recent years an increasing number of military personnel in both the Active Duty Force and Selected Reserves have had to confront the additional demands of parenthood. Providing resources to…

  12. Challenges Faced by Military Families: Perceptions of United States Marine Corps School Liaisons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aronson, Keith R.; Perkins, Daniel F.

    2013-01-01

    The global war on terror has placed a number of stressful demands on service members and their families. Although the military offers a wide range of services and supports to military families, not all families are willing or able to use them. For example, geographically dispersed families can find it challenging to connect with military support…

  13. Toward Development of Afghanistan National Stability: Analyses in Historical Military and Cultural Contexts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-21

    increasingly clear that strategic focus must include a plan to concentrate upon and continue development of a stable and secure central government...government, Afghan political history, International Security Assistance Force 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT 18...continue the development of a stable and secure central government supported appropriately by an Afghan National Military. The evolution and

  14. Resistance to Organizational Cultural Change in the Military -- A JFO Case Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-02

    just by the beret and the lingo . The U.S. Air Force has its own artifacts, especially in the fighter jet community. Many outside the military will...4. 9 Ibid., 6. 10 Ibid., 7. 11 Ibid., 9. 12 Ibid., 10. 13 H. Leach, The Interagency Process— Analysis and Reform Recommendations, Strategy

  15. That’s Not What I Joined to Do, Sir -- Understanding Military Culture and Ethos is Critical for the Correct Use of the Military Instrument of Power

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-21

    is arguable that more so now than ever before should senior military leaders be fully integrated into the decision to go to war. Like the people ...that of the rank and file, the military leadership, and their relationship with the political entity. The Nature of War and the People Who Wage It...inherent nature of war and the people they ask to wage it. These natures endure regardless of any transformation or adaptation of the military in

  16. Religious Education Reform under the US Military Occupation: The Interpretation of State Shinto in Japan and Nazism in Germany

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shibata, Masako

    2004-01-01

    This article discusses the treatment of religion in Japanese education in the post-World War Two period. During the Allied Military Occupation, Japan adopted the principle of the separation of state and religion as a means to democratize the totalitarian, ethno-nationalistic education system of pre-1945. The case of Germany is also dealt with here…

  17. Mental Health and Resilience: Soldiers’ Perceptions about Psychotherapy, Medications, and Barriers to Care in the United States Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-08-01

    Perceptions about Psychotherapy , Medications, and Barriers to Care in the United States Military PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Steven Southwick, MD...SUBTITLE Mental Health and Resilience: Soldier’s Perceptions about 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER Psychotherapy , Medications, and Barriers to...negative beliefs about psychotherapy , were found to contribute to decreased healthcare utilization, especially in Service Members with severe PTSD

  18. Cultural Mechanisms in Neighborhood Effects Research in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Harding, David J.; Hepburn, Peter

    2015-01-01

    This paper discusses the current state of the U.S. literature on cultural mechanisms in neighborhood effects research. We first define what we mean by neighborhood effects and by cultural mechanisms. We then review and critique two theoretical perspectives on the cultural context of disadvantaged neighborhoods that are explicitly integrated into recent neighborhood effects literature in the U.S.: “deviant subculture” and “cultural heterogeneity.” We then draw on other related U.S. literatures from urban studies, cultural sociology, and culture and inequality to suggest some other conceptualizations that may be useful in advancing our understanding of the role of culture in neighborhood effects. We discuss the conceptual and methodological issues that will have to be grappled with in order to move this literature forward and conclude by offering concrete suggestions, both short-term and long-term, for a research agenda. PMID:26504263

  19. The United States Culture Collection Network (USCCN): Enhancing Microbial Genomics Research through Living Microbe Culture Collections

    PubMed Central

    Boundy-Mills, Kyria; Hess, Matthias; Bennett, A. Rick; Ryan, Matthew; Kang, Seogchan; Nobles, David; Eisen, Jonathan A.; Inderbitzin, Patrik; Sitepu, Irnayuli R.; Torok, Tamas; Brown, Daniel R.; Cho, Juliana; Wertz, John E.; Mukherjee, Supratim; Cady, Sherry L.

    2015-01-01

    The mission of the United States Culture Collection Network (USCCN; http://usccn.org) is “to facilitate the safe and responsible utilization of microbial resources for research, education, industry, medicine, and agriculture for the betterment of human kind.” Microbial culture collections are a key component of life science research, biotechnology, and emerging global biobased economies. Representatives and users of several microbial culture collections from the United States and Europe gathered at the University of California, Davis, to discuss how collections of microorganisms can better serve users and stakeholders and to showcase existing resources available in public culture collections. PMID:26092453

  20. The United States Culture Collection Network (USCCN): Enhancing Microbial Genomics Research through Living Microbe Culture Collections

    SciTech Connect

    Boundy-Mills, K.; Hess, Matthias; Bennett, A. R.; Ryan, Matthew; Kang, Seogchan; Nobles, David; Eisen, Jonathan A.; Inderbitzin, Patrik; Sitepu, Irnayuli R.; Torok, Tamas; Brown, Daniel R; Cho, Juliana; Wertz, John E.; Mukherjee, Supratim; Cady, Sherry L.; McCluskey, Kevin

    2015-09-01

    The mission of the United States Culture Collection Network (USCCN; http://usccn.org) is "to facilitate the safe and responsible utilization of microbial resources for research, education, industry, medicine, and agriculture for the betterment of human kind." Microbial culture collections are a key component of life science research, biotechnology, and emerging global biobased economies. Representatives and users of several microbial culture collections from the United States and Europe gathered at the University of California, Davis, to discuss how collections of microorganisms can better serve users and stakeholders and to showcase existing resources available in public culture collections.

  1. The United States Culture Collection Network (USCCN): Enhancing Microbial Genomics Research through Living Microbe Culture Collections.

    PubMed

    Boundy-Mills, Kyria; Hess, Matthias; Bennett, A Rick; Ryan, Matthew; Kang, Seogchan; Nobles, David; Eisen, Jonathan A; Inderbitzin, Patrik; Sitepu, Irnayuli R; Torok, Tamas; Brown, Daniel R; Cho, Juliana; Wertz, John E; Mukherjee, Supratim; Cady, Sherry L; McCluskey, Kevin

    2015-09-01

    The mission of the United States Culture Collection Network (USCCN; http://usccn.org) is "to facilitate the safe and responsible utilization of microbial resources for research, education, industry, medicine, and agriculture for the betterment of human kind." Microbial culture collections are a key component of life science research, biotechnology, and emerging global biobased economies. Representatives and users of several microbial culture collections from the United States and Europe gathered at the University of California, Davis, to discuss how collections of microorganisms can better serve users and stakeholders and to showcase existing resources available in public culture collections.

  2. Attachment and Culture: Security in the United States and Japan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rothman, Fred; Weisz, John; Pott, Martha; Morelli, Gilda; Miyake, Kazuo

    2000-01-01

    Highlights evidence of cultural variations in child attachment, noting how western values and meanings permeate attachment theory. Comparisons of the United States and Japan emphasize the cultural relativity of three core hypotheses of attachment theory related to: caregiver sensitivity, child social competence, and a secure base for exploring the…

  3. Language and Culture Acquisition among Iranians in the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, Diane M.

    1989-01-01

    The relationship between language use and second culture acquisition is examined in this study of first generation Iranian immigrants and exiles in the United States. The use of both Farsi and English is found to be instrumental in the process by which American culture is incorporated within the Iranian worldview. (AF)

  4. Blast waves from detonated military explosive reduce GluR1 and synaptophysin levels in hippocampal slice cultures.

    PubMed

    Smith, Marquitta; Piehler, Thuvan; Benjamin, Richard; Farizatto, Karen L; Pait, Morgan C; Almeida, Michael F; Ghukasyan, Vladimir V; Bahr, Ben A

    2016-12-01

    Explosives create shockwaves that cause blast-induced neurotrauma, one of the most common types of traumatic brain injury (TBI) linked to military service. Blast-induced TBIs are often associated with reduced cognitive and behavioral functions due to a variety of factors. To study the direct effects of military explosive blasts on brain tissue, we removed systemic factors by utilizing rat hippocampal slice cultures. The long-term slice cultures were briefly sealed air-tight in serum-free medium, lowered into a 37°C water-filled tank, and small 1.7-gram assemblies of cyclotrimethylene trinitramine (RDX) were detonated 15cm outside the tank, creating a distinct shockwave recorded at the culture plate position. Compared to control mock-treated groups of slices that received equal submerge time, 1-3 blast impacts caused a dose-dependent reduction in the AMPA receptor subunit GluR1. While only a small reduction was found in hippocampal slices exposed to a single RDX blast and harvested 1-2days later, slices that received two consecutive RDX blasts 4min apart exhibited a 26-40% reduction in GluR1, and the receptor subunit was further reduced by 64-72% after three consecutive blasts. Such loss correlated with increased levels of HDAC2, a histone deacetylase implicated in stress-induced reduction of glutamatergic transmission. No evidence of synaptic marker recovery was found at 72h post-blast. The presynaptic marker synaptophysin was found to have similar susceptibility as GluR1 to the multiple explosive detonations. In contrast to the synaptic protein reductions, actin levels were unchanged, spectrin breakdown was not detected, and Fluoro-Jade B staining found no indication of degenerating neurons in slices exposed to three RDX blasts, suggesting that small, sub-lethal explosives are capable of producing selective alterations to synaptic integrity. Together, these results indicate that blast waves from military explosive cause signs of synaptic compromise without

  5. The United States Humanitarian Demining Program: Civil-Military Relations in Humanitarian Demining

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-23

    allow a critical analysis of the Humanitarian Demining Program in cases in Afghanistan and Kosovo. Perceptions from the people, government, and...military add greater depth to the understanding of tensions in civil-military relations. This understanding leads to the conclusion that focusing on civil...Figure 3. Perceptions of the Humanitarian Demining Program…………………………..………23 Figure 4. Civil-military Relations in the HDP in Afghanistan

  6. Coercion: A Credible and Capable United States Military Instrument of Power Key to Future US Foreign Policy Success

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-17

    important because the Reagan Administration, which he was part of, had embarked on an ambitious plan to increase military capacity. He states...barracks in Beirut, Lebanon.20 The tragic loss of life and a lack of clear objective led President Reagan to withdraw the forces. Regarding the...strength or using it when necessary.”35 While Secretary of State, he advocated use of force in Lebanon, Central America, Grenada , Libya and Panama in

  7. Nutrient Intake Evaluation of Male and Female Cadets at the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-04-01

    AD-RIE 126 NUTRIENT INTRKE EVALUATION OF HALE RND FENRL! CADETS RT THE UNITED STRTES..(U) LETTERMRN ARMY INST OF RESERRCH PRESIDIO OF SRN FRRNCISCO...TEsfi C H A R T Ii Ill -- INSTITUTE REPORT NO. 218 00 NUTRIENT INTAKE EVALUATION OF MALE AND FEMALE CADETS ’AT THE SUNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY...ARMY INSTITUTE OF RESEARCH PRESIDIO OF SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA 94129 Nutrient Intake Evaluation of Male and Female Cadets at the United States

  8. The Civil-Military Gap in the United States. Does It Exist, Why, and Does It Matter?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    ensure high standards for research quality and objectivity. Thomas S. Szayna, Kevin F. McCarthy, Jerry M. Sollinger, Linda J. Demaine, Jefferson P ... p . cm. Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 978-0-8330-4157-9 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Civil-military relations—United States. 2...Title. UA23.C555 2007 322 ’.50973—dc22 2007010935 The research described in this report was sponsored by the United States Army under Contract No. DASW01

  9. Measuring Sense of Community in the Military: Cross-Cultural Evidence for the Validity of the Brief Sense of Community Scale and Its Underlying Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wombacher, Jorg; Tagg, Stephen K.; Burgi, Thomas; MacBryde, Jillian

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the authors present a German Sense of Community (SOC) Scale for use in military settings. The scale is based on the translation and field-testing of an existing U.S.-based measure of neighborhood SOC (Peterson, Speer, & McMillan, 2008). The methodological intricacies underlying cross-cultural scale development are highlighted, as…

  10. Development of New Repellents and Improved Permethrin-Treated Uniforms for the United States Military

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    History contains numerous examples of the impact of arthropod-borne illnesses on the outcome of military conflicts. Therefore, protection of our US military is paramount when they are deployed on missions throughout the world. Two components of the Department of Defense system for personal protect...

  11. An Evaluation of the Latent Tuberculosis Control Program in the United States Military at Accession

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-10-15

    peripheral neuropathy .[58] Finally, the quality control, documentation, follow-up, and adherence to therapy for skin test reactors in military populations...for screening. The epidemiology of tuberculosis TB in the US military is similar to the general population with an incidence that is low and...1 TUBERCULOSIS EPIDEMIOLOGY ............................................................................ 2 The Global Burden and Epidemiology

  12. Independent nuclear state: the United States, Britain and the military atom

    SciTech Connect

    Simpson, J.

    1983-01-01

    Anglo-American relationships concerning nuclear weapons development from the World War II period up through the present are reviewed. The development of Great Britain as an independent nuclear state is examined in detail. The political factors affecting the cooperative efforts and alliances are discussed in detail as well as the trade in information and materials for reactor and weapons development.

  13. 75 FR 434 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-05

    ... Cultural Items: Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA AGENCY... cultural items in the possession of the Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum (Burke...

  14. Emergence of solid state helmet-mounted displays in military applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Casey, Curtis J.

    2002-08-01

    Helmet Mounted Displays (HMDs) are used to provide pilots with out-the-window capabilities for engaging tactical threats. The first modern system to be employed was the Apache Integrated Helmet Display Sighting System (IHADSS). Using an optical tracker and multiple sensors, the pilot is able to navigate and engage the enemy with his weapons systems cued by the HMD in day and night conditions. Over the next several years HMDs were tested on tactical jet aircraft. The tactical fighter environment - high G maneuvering and the possibility of ejection - created several problems regarding integration and head-borne weight. However, these problems were soon solved by American, British, Israeli, and Russian companies and are employed or in the process of employment aboard the respective countries' tactical aircraft. It is noteworthy that the current configuration employs both the Heads-Up Display (HUD) as well as the HMD. The new Joint Strike Fighter (JSF), however, will become the first tactical jet to employ only a HMD. HMDs have increasingly become part of the avionics and weapons systems of new aircraft and helicopter platforms. Their use however, is migrating to other military applications. They are currently under evaluation on Combat Vehicle platforms for driving tasks to target acquisition and designation tasks under near-all weather, 24-hour conditions. Their use also has penetrated the individual application such as providing data and situational awareness to the individual soldier; the U.S. Army's Land Warrior Program is an example of this technology being applied. Current HMD systems are CRT-based and have many short-comings, including weight, reliability. The emergence of new microelectronics and solid state image sources - Flat Panel Displays (FPDs) - however, has expanded the application of vision devices across all facets of military applications. Some of the greatest contributions are derived from the following Enabling Technologies, and it is upon those

  15. Training, Developing, and Assessing Cross-Cultural Competence in Military Personnel

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-01

    and taboos, communication (including both verbal and non - verbal ), history, art, and material culture (i.e., the material things people value and...Language, verbal and non - verbal behaviors, narrative styles)  History (What people have been through, and how they think about this)  Expressive...learning outcomes and methods for developing culture-general capabilities that apply in any intercultural setting, whether in interactions with host nation

  16. [The 90th anniversary of the Center of State Sanitation-and-Epidemiological Control of Privolzhsky-Ural military region].

    PubMed

    Krylov, I K; Tomberg, A L

    2009-10-01

    There was exposed in brief the history of "The 1321" Center of state sanitation-and-epidemiological control of Privolzhsky-Ural military region". Nowadays it's a profile institute, where high-qualified and low-grade physicians are working. The Center successfully solves the tasks of securing of sanitarium-epidemiological well-being of regional troops, realizes a grand volume of education-methodical, science-practical and info-analyzing work.

  17. Optimization of Large-Scale Culture Conditions for the Production of Cordycepin with Cordyceps militaris by Liquid Static Culture

    PubMed Central

    Kang, Chao; Wen, Ting-Chi; Kang, Ji-Chuan; Meng, Ze-Bing; Li, Guang-Rong; Hyde, Kevin D.

    2014-01-01

    Cordycepin is one of the most important bioactive compounds produced by species of Cordyceps sensu lato, but it is hard to produce large amounts of this substance in industrial production. In this work, single factor design, Plackett-Burman design, and central composite design were employed to establish the key factors and identify optimal culture conditions which improved cordycepin production. Using these culture conditions, a maximum production of cordycepin was 2008.48 mg/L for 700 mL working volume in the 1000 mL glass jars and total content of cordycepin reached 1405.94 mg/bottle. This method provides an effective way for increasing the cordycepin production at a large scale. The strategies used in this study could have a wide application in other fermentation processes. PMID:25054182

  18. Army Materiel Requirements to Support the Continental United States Military Mobilization Base Structure

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-10-01

    Level of Organization AMC ............... Army Materiel Command AMOPS ............. Army Mobilization and Operations Planning System AMPC ...Military Personnel Center ( AMPC ) uses an automated mobilization manpower (MOB MAN) requirements data manipulator system to prepare time- phased

  19. United States Military Academy: 25 Years of Enlightening Research. 2012 Program Review

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    University, 1993, Professor and Head, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. COL Leon L. Robert, Ph.D. in Entomology , Texas A&M...military, defense, and forensic . Now LIBS demonstrates the capability of being a promising technique for future application to crucial Army missions...for direct collection which is a desirable quality in many fields including defense, military and forensic . The basic principles of LIBS are

  20. The Proper Role of the United States Military in Combatting Drug Smuggling.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-04-01

    Nashville, Tennessee and his Masters Degree in Human Resources Management from Pepperdine University, Malibu, California in 1981. He received his Air Force...produced for US import. The largest foreign sources of marijuana are Columbia, Mexico, and Jamaica . (79:1) The use of US military resources in these...DC, as the Head- quarters Pacific Basing Manager . His professional military education includes Squadron Officer School, Air Command Staff College

  1. Longitudinal Study of Sleep Patterns of United States Military Academy Cadets

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    athletic status. Although menstrual cycle is known is to be associated with lower reported sleep quality and increased sleep disturbanc- es,40-43 this...poor sleep hygiene which could quite possibly result in lifelong habits that could follow them into their military careers. This possibility is...decision making are commonly experienced by managers and military leaders who work extended hours during times of cri- ses. In their review, they

  2. Military Psychology.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), *MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY , *TEXTBOOKS, USSR, ORGANIZATIONS, COMBAT READINESS, PSYCHOMOTOR FUNCTION, REASONING, SURVEYS...TRANSLATIONS, MILITARY TRAINING, OFFICER PERSONNEL, PERCEPTION( PSYCHOLOGY ), PERSONALITY, COMMUNISM, INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS, EMOTIONS.

  3. Peaceful Relations?: United Nations Peacekeeping Operations and the Military Relations between the United States and the People’s Republic of China

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-08

    blame for hindering U.S. and Chinese military relations is the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000, which established a limitation...on the authority of the Secretary of Defense regarding military interaction with China. Specifically, the act as signed by President Clinton states...transfers. 11. Release of classified or restricted information. 12. Access to a Department of Defense laboratory.15 The act includes two stated

  4. Multiplying steady-state culture in multi-reactor system.

    PubMed

    Erm, Sten; Adamberg, Kaarel; Vilu, Raivo

    2014-11-01

    Cultivation of microorganisms in batch experiments is fast and economical but the conditions therein change constantly, rendering quantitative data interpretation difficult. By using chemostat with controlled environmental conditions the physiological state of microorganisms is fixed; however, the unavoidable stabilization phase makes continuous methods resource consuming. Material can be spared by using micro scale devices, which however have limited analysis and process control capabilities. Described herein are a method and a system combining the high throughput of batch with the controlled environment of continuous cultivations. Microorganisms were prepared in one bioreactor followed by culture distribution into a network of bioreactors and continuation of independent steady state experiments therein. Accelerostat cultivation with statistical analysis of growth parameters demonstrated non-compromised physiological state following distribution, thus the method effectively multiplied steady state culture of microorganisms. The theoretical efficiency of the system was evaluated in inhibitory compound analysis using repeated chemostat to chemostat transfers.

  5. A Self-Assessment of Cultural Competence in Military Mental Health Providers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-31

    framework) of multicultural counseling competencies (i.e., cultural competence): (1) beliefs- attitudes , (2) knowledge , and (3) skills (Sue et al., 1982...and techniques. By cross-classifying these three general characteristics with the three earlier proposed dimensions (beliefs- attitudes , knowledge ...Counseling Knowledge and Awareness Scale (MCKAS; Ponterotto et al., 2002). Multicultural Awareness/ Knowledge /Skills Survey (MAKSS) The Multicultural

  6. Framing Cultural Attributes for Human Representation in Military Training and Simulations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-01

    within a culture that limits external communication and open discourse. One result can be anomie . As Émile Durkheim and later theorists argue... anomie is a reaction against or a retreat from the regulatory social controls of society. People who feel alienated from the surrounding society may

  7. Smokeless Tobacco Use in the United States Military: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Hunt, Yvonne M.; Augustson, Erik

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Smokeless tobacco (ST) use represents an important target for intervention in the U.S. military population because it impairs “military readiness” and harms the health of the military. This paper aims to provide a systematic review of ST studies conducted in the U.S. military population in order to assess the content of existing ST research in this population, provide estimates of prevalence and clinically relevant use patterns, and discuss how these findings might be used to guide future ST research among this population. Methods: We reviewed articles published through December 2010 using PubMed and PsycINFO databases, Google Scholar, and any relevant articles’ reference lists. Inclusion criteria included focus on a U.S. military sample, English language, measured tobacco use, and ST prevalence was reported or could be calculated. To the extent possible, each article was coded for demographics, socioeconomic status, prevalence, amount, frequency, and length of use, and quit intentions/attempts. Results: Thirty-nine articles met criteria for inclusion. Less than half focused primarily on ST use among military personnel. The remaining studies measured ST use in the context of other behaviors. Findings related to clinically relevant behaviors included a need for more cohort and intervention studies, a better understanding of ST use in combination with cigarettes (i.e., concurrent use), and identifying risk factors for ST initiation and use. Discussion: ST use is prevalent among military personnel, as is concurrent use of cigarettes and ST. We provide a number of recommendations to guide future research in this important, yet understudied, area. PMID:22123789

  8. Cultural Immersion in Indonesia through Pancasila: State Ideology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitch, Robert M.; Webb, Sheila Anne

    1989-01-01

    Offers guidelines for Westerners seeking to gain an understanding of Indonesian culture. Explains the five principles or Silas of Pancasila, which serves as both the state ideology and civil religion of Indonesia. Considers other sources of the country's value system. Discusses the implications of Pancasila for Westerners conducting business in…

  9. Forming a Better Joint Team: Understanding Service Culture Impact on the Effectiveness of Senior Military Leaders

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-13

    the United States Army,” Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki /Chief_of_Staff_of_the_United_States_Army (accessed November 22, 2014). 17 period... medical corps, engineers, transportation personnel, and aviators support their infantry, armor, and artillery officers. This can cause friction between...54 Wikipedia, “Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force,” http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki

  10. China’s Strategic Culture: A Perspective for the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-02-17

    they used Korea as a springboard. First they attacked our three eastern provinces, then using these as a springboard, they launched a large scale...power can be considered one of the most important developments post-Cold War world.2 Over the past decade China watchers have noted, some with...militarily with the United States and field disruptive military technologies that could over time offset traditional U.S. military advantages.”6 This was

  11. Multiplicity of steady states in glycolysis and shift of metabolic state in cultured mammalian cells.

    PubMed

    Mulukutla, Bhanu Chandra; Yongky, Andrew; Grimm, Simon; Daoutidis, Prodromos; Hu, Wei-Shou

    2015-01-01

    Cultured mammalian cells exhibit elevated glycolysis flux and high lactate production. In the industrial bioprocesses for biotherapeutic protein production, glucose is supplemented to the culture medium to sustain continued cell growth resulting in the accumulation of lactate to high levels. In such fed-batch cultures, sometimes a metabolic shift from a state of high glycolysis flux and high lactate production to a state of low glycolysis flux and low lactate production or even lactate consumption is observed. While in other cases with very similar culture conditions, the same cell line and medium, cells continue to produce lactate. A metabolic shift to lactate consumption has been correlated to the productivity of the process. Cultures that exhibited the metabolic shift to lactate consumption had higher titers than those which didn't. However, the cues that trigger the metabolic shift to lactate consumption state (or low lactate production state) are yet to be identified. Metabolic control of cells is tightly linked to growth control through signaling pathways such as the AKT pathway. We have previously shown that the glycolysis of proliferating cells can exhibit bistability with well-segregated high flux and low flux states. Low lactate production (or lactate consumption) is possible only at a low glycolysis flux state. In this study, we use mathematical modeling to demonstrate that lactate inhibition together with AKT regulation on glycolysis enzymes can profoundly influence the bistable behavior, resulting in a complex steady-state topology. The transition from the high flux state to the low flux state can only occur in certain regions of the steady state topology, and therefore the metabolic fate of the cells depends on their metabolic trajectory encountering the region that allows such a metabolic state switch. Insights from such switch behavior present us with new means to control the metabolism of mammalian cells in fed-batch cultures.

  12. Culture and the Military in the Middle East: The Case of Kuwait

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-01-01

    CONTEXT ................................................................................................10 Historical Context: Pre- Oil ...10 Historical Context: Post- Oil ...Administration, when to protect the flow of oil from Iranian attacks, the United States reflagged Kuwaiti oil tankers in an operation designed to

  13. Walking a Gender Tightrope: A Qualitative Study of Female Student Veterans' Experiences within Military and Campus Cultures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iverson, Susan V.; Seher, Christin L.; DiRamio, David; Jarvis, Kathryn; Anderson, Rachel

    2016-01-01

    This article describes findings from a qualitative study of the experiences of female student veterans in the military and in college. Twelve women were interviewed from two public research universities. Findings revealed individuals "betwixt and between" the complex intersection of identities: in the military, grappling with a sense of…

  14. A New Generation of Women? How Female ROTC Cadets Negotiate the Tension between Masculine Military Culture and Traditional Femininity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silva, Jennifer M.

    2008-01-01

    The inclusion of women in the U.S. military is generally understood as radically transforming traditional gender relations. Drawing from 38 interviews with women and men in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, I ask: how do women negotiate gender identities within the "masculine" military institution, and what types of transformations in their…

  15. Nurturing a positive research culture: the Academic Department of Military Nursing perspective.

    PubMed

    Lamb, Di

    2015-12-01

    The structure and quality of nurse education in the UK has been scrutinised for many decades, culminating in a significant shift from ward-based learning at certificate level to that at diploma or degree level being delivered in higher education institutions. This professionalisation of nursing in the last decade of the 20th century was influenced by major changes in Department of Health policy, which demanded that a sound evidence base must be applied to nursing practice thereby replicating the model of evidence-based medicine. The requirement for care delivery to be evidence based is built on the premise that a continual research programme to investigate, disseminate and implement findings will enhance decision making in the clinical environment, thereby improving standards of care and patient outcomes. However, for this to be achieved there is an organisational responsibility to drive a positive research culture in order to effectively generate new knowledge and expertise. This paper explores the nursing research culture in the NHS and the strategies employed by the Defence Medical Services for supporting its nurses to generate the high-quality evidence that informs best practice.

  16. Attachment and culture. Security in the United States and Japan.

    PubMed

    Rothbaum, F; Weisz, J; Pott, M; Miyake, K; Morelli, G

    2000-10-01

    Attachment theorists maintain that cultural differences are relatively minor, and they focus on universals. Here the authors highlight evidence of cultural variations and note ways in which attachment theory is laden with Western values and meaning. Comparisons of the United States and Japan highlight the cultural relativity of 3 core hypotheses of attachment theory: that caregiver sensitivity leads to secure attachment, that secure attachment leads to later social competence, and that children who are securely attached use the primary caregiver as a secure base for exploring the external world. Attachment theorists use measures of sensitivity, competence, and secure base that are biased toward Western ways of thinking: The measures emphasize the child's autonomy, individuation, and exploration. In Japan, sensitivity, competence, and secure base are viewed very differently, calling into question the universality of fundamental tenets of attachment theory. The authors call for an indigenous approach to the psychology of attachment.

  17. For God or Country? Religious Tensions Within the United States Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-12-01

    of attention in the mid-80s and 90s was Wicca . According to the Spiritual Philosophy and Practice of Wicca in the U.S. Military, Wicca is a Neo...Pagan, earth based, mystery religion. . . The Latin roots of the word “ Wicca ” mean “wise ones”, or wisdom. The 90 Craig Atwood and Samuel Hill and

  18. Tuberculosis as a force health protection threat to the United States military.

    PubMed

    Sanchez, Jose L; Sanchez, Joyce L; Cooper, Michael J; Hiser, Michelle J; Mancuso, James D

    2015-03-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a communicable disease that poses a threat to force health protection to the U.S. military. The rate of TB disease in the military is low; however, there are unique challenges for its control in this setting. As a low-risk population, TB testing in the U.S. military can be scaled back from the universal testing approach used previously. Reactivation of latent TB infection (LTBI) present at accession into service is the most important factor leading to TB disease; therefore, its diagnosis and treatment among recruits should be given a high priority. Deployment and overseas military service is an uncommon but important source of TB infection, and rigorous surveillance should be ensured. Case management of TB disease and LTBI can be improved by the use of cohort reviews at the service and installation levels and case finding and delays in the diagnosis of TB disease can be improved by education of providers, as well as increased use of molecular diagnostic tests. Program outcomes can be improved by making LTBI treatment compulsory, offering shorter treatment regimens, and increasing accountability through oversight and evaluation. The diagnosis of LTBI can be improved by implementing targeted testing in all settings and reducing confirmatory interferon-gamma release assay testing.

  19. Beyond Military Service: An Analysis of United States Naval Academy Graduates’ Civilian Career Experiences

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK xiii LIST OF TABLES Table 1. Demographic Breakdown of the Currently Enrolled Classes’ Incoming Plebe Profiles...approximately 1,200 candidates enter as Plebes (USNA Website, 2005). B. ADMISSIONS Admission to military academies differs greatly from civilian colleges and...3. Demographics Even with criticism of the selection process, a quick statistical overview of the incoming freshman ( Plebes ) demonstrates the very

  20. Does Military Culture Adequately Prepare Senior Leaders to Provide Clear Objective, and Useful Strategic Advice?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-17

    complete success is often not an option. This is because the implied and explicit connotations of phases II and III require a fairly rigid definition of... definitions of success. For phase II, JP 5-0, states that the conditions for success include “forcing the adversary to offensive culmination… and gain[ing...they lend themselves to binary definitions of success. Either the enemy has or has not culminated; either friendly forces have or have not gained

  1. Tinted Blue: Air Force Culture and American Civil-Military Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    Hamilton , “with all its limitations and frustrations, has achieved the vital interests of the United States.”87 For- mer secretaries of defense William ...Raptors were enough, Moseley responded, “No, sir .” Later, in March 2008, Secretary Gates started beating his own familiar drum—support for the...White, Crises after the Storm, 59. 91. William Mitchell, Winged Defense: The Development and Possibilities of Modern Air Power (Tuscaloosa: University

  2. The Significance of Religion as an Essential Component of the Military’s Cultural Framework Strategy and Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-13

    peace. John Lennon John Lennon‘s lyrics in his song Imagine touch a belief held by many in Western culture that religion does more to incite...John W. Bruton wrote, ―There are human problems to be solved, that no amount of coercion or repression can for long contain human developmental...is because realism, the long -dominant model for understanding and contending with the behavior of nation-states, is poorly suited to understanding

  3. The National Military Strategy of the United States of America 2015: The United States Military’s Contribution to National Security

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    need to counter revisionist states that are challenging international norms as well as violent extremist organizations (VEOs) that are undermining...more information than entire governments once possessed. They can swiftly organize and act on what they learn, sometimes leading to violent change...urging both nations to settle their disputes peacefully and in accordance with international law. Concurrent with state challenges, violent

  4. The Musculoskeletal Readiness Screening Tool-Injury Predictor for United States Military Academy Preparatory Cadets

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-10-30

    predict injury and tasks unique to 86 military personnel. Tests include the weight bearing forward lunge, modified deep 87 squat, closed kinetic chain...weight bearing ankle dorsiflexion was associated with 176 lower extremity injury.10,11,13,17 Lack of weight- bearing dorsiflexion may impair, 177...Readiness Screening Tool (MRST). The components of the MRST 256 include the weight bearing forward lunge, the modified deep squat, the Closed 257

  5. First United States Army Observers of Military Conflicts in Post Napoleonic Europe (1855-1871)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    their time. Several observations and recommendations would bear fruit for the U.S. Army; however, many seemingly simple observations and recommendations...military contemporaries of their time. Several observations and recommendations would bear fruit for the U.S. Army; however, many seemingly simple...southern United States’ claim on slave bearing territories in stark contrast to the progressive abolitionist stances of France and England. The

  6. Review and Analysis of United States Policy: U.S. Military Use of Commercial Sealift

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-19

    Review In 1776 in his An Inquiry in to the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations Adam Smith penned: Since such, therefore, are the advantages of...market to the produce of every sort of labour...1 Adam Smith realized then, as did the fledgling U.S. Government, that merchant maritime shipping would...to quickly deliver U.S. military equipment and material to areas of conflict is not an acceptable alternative. 22 Endnotes 1 Adam Smith , That

  7. Safeguarding the Internal Security of the United States - Old Mission, New Challenges for the Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-03-19

    forces into South Carolina for disaster reliet operations. Upon a Presidential declaration of a major disaster in several counties in South Carolina...Specifically, It was the task of Captain Meriwether Lewis, Lieutenant William Clark, four sergeants, twenty-three privates, and several guides and...domest. sorder without using military force. If armed power bt ne necessary, it would be applied at the local level by llce, at the county level by

  8. India’s Military Aviation Market: Opportunities for the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    colonialism .” India, therefore, pursued the LCA with familiar results: cost overruns, lengthy delays, obsolescence, and the inability to meet...potential adversaries acting in collusion. • To sustain the capability to fight a prolonged low intensity conflict in Kashmir and other sensitive...there was a contraction in the spare parts available to sustain India’s largely Soviet military arsenal.20 The relationship was revived in the late

  9. 21ST Century United States Military Strategy for East Asia: Countering an Emerging China

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-31

    with other nations.16 China opened its diplomatic and economic doors in the 1960s and 1970s. At first glance it might appear as a symbolic gesture to be...both the U.S. and China have avoided direct military engagement, tacitly acknowledging the potential consequences of open conflict on their...Dragon or Dinosaur ? Nuclear Weapons in a Modernizing China, ”Parameters 34 (Winter 2003-04): 101. 6 Alfred D. Wilhelm, Jr., The Chinese at the

  10. United States Air Force Response to Problems of Child Abuse within the Military Community.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-01-01

    a physically deformed child, (5) a retarded child, (6) a colicky • ° -. ............................... ...... 43 baby, (7) an incontinent child, and...dirty diaper 1 1/2-hour constant crying 2 physicians 1 military policeman 1 social worker Sift 2 inexperienced, slightly bruised parents and 2 tender...husband from field and immediately add 1 fifth of alcohol or an equal amount of beer. Soak one teething, cranky baby in one double dirty diaper and

  11. 21st Century Military Reform: Will the United States Be Prepared to Face Future Threats?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-09

    09-04-2012 2. REPORT TYPE Master of Military Studies Research Paper 3 . DATES COVERED (From - To) September 2011 - April 2012 4. TITLE AND...etc. 3 . DATES COVERED . Indicate the time during which the work was performed and the report was written, e.g., Jun 1997 - Jun 1998; 1-10 Jun 1996... 3 . 38 James F. Dunnigan and Raymond M Macedonia, 97. 39 Thomas Withington, What If We Battled a Real Army?” Long Island Newsday, August 27,2003

  12. Understanding and preventing military suicide.

    PubMed

    Bryan, Craig J; Jennings, Keith W; Jobes, David A; Bradley, John C

    2012-01-01

    The continual rise in the U.S. military's suicide rate since 2004 is one of the most vexing issues currently facing military leaders, mental health professionals, and suicide experts. Despite considerable efforts to address this problem, however, suicide rates have not decreased. The authors consider possible reasons for this frustrating reality, and question common assumptions and approaches to military suicide prevention. They further argue that suicide prevention efforts that more explicitly embrace the military culture and implement evidence-based strategies across the full spectrum of prevention and treatment could improve success. Several recommendations for augmenting current efforts to prevent military suicide are proposed.

  13. A Framework for Developing Management Goals for Species at Risk and Application to Military Installations in the United States

    SciTech Connect

    Efroymson, Rebecca Ann; Jager, Yetta; Dale, Virginia H; Westervelt, James D.

    2009-01-01

    A decision framework for setting management goals for species at risk is presented. Species at risk are those whose potential future rarity is of concern. Listing these species as threatened or endangered could potentially result in significant restrictions to activities in resource management areas in order to maintain those species. The management areas in the example application are United States (US) military installations, which are concerned about potential restrictions to military training capacity if species at risk become regulated under the US Endangered Species Act. The decision framework, designed to foster proactive management, has nine steps: identify species at risk on and near the management area, describe available information and potential information gaps for each species, determine the potential distribution of species and their habitat, select metrics for describing species status, assess the status of local population or metapopulation, conduct threat assessment, set and prioritize management goals, develop species management plans, and develop criteria for ending special species management where possible. This framework will aid resource managers in setting management goals that minimally impact human activities while reducing the likelihood that species at risk will become rare in the near future. The benefits of the proactive management set forth in this formal decision framework are that it is impartial, provides a clear procedure, calls for identification of causal relationships that may not be obvious, provides a way to target the most urgent needs, reduces costs, enhances public confidence, and, most importantly, decreases the chance of species becoming more rare.

  14. Framework for Developing Management goals for Species at Risk and Application to Military Installations in the United States

    SciTech Connect

    Jager, Yetta; Dale, Virginia H; Westervelt, James D.

    2009-01-01

    A decision framework for setting management goals for species at risk is presented. Species at risk are those whose potential future rarity is of concern. Listing these species as threatened or endangered could potentially result in significant restrictions to activities in resource management areas in order to maintain those species. The decision framework, designed to foster proactive management, has nine steps: identify species at risk on and near the management area, describe available information and potential information gaps for each species, determine the potential distribution of species and their habitat, select metrics for describing species status, assess the status of local population or metapopulation, conduct threat assessment, set and prioritize management goals, develop species management plans, and develop criteria for ending special species management where possible. This framework will aid resource managers in setting management goals that minimally impact human activities while reducing the likelihood that species at risk will become rare in the near future. The management areas in many of the examples are United States (US) military installations, which are concerned about potential restrictions to military training capacity if species at risk become regulated under the US Endangered Species Act. The benefits of the proactive management set forth in this formal decision framework are that it is impartial, provides a clear procedure, calls for identification of causal relationships that may not be obvious, provides a way to target the most urgent needs, reduces costs, enhances public confidence, and, most importantly, decreases the chance of species becoming more rare.

  15. Childhood Ideology in the United States: A Comparative Cultural View

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoffman, Diane M.

    2003-03-01

    Childhood ideology functions in each nation as a complex of ideas about what children are like and how best to teach and socialise them. One important domain of childhood ideology concerns ideas and practices related to children's development and behaviour management. Drawing from an analysis of popular childrearing magazines and early childhood education materials in the United States, this cultural study describes contemporary American mainstream beliefs concerning children's early emotional and behavioural development. In particular, the paper explores themes of emotional expression, autonomy, individuality, power, and consumerism. Some comparisons with Japanese views on child development and emotional/behavioural socialisation are also made. The paper suggests that popular ideas and techniques of emotional and behavioural management in the United States in both families and early childcare environments reflect a dominant ideology of children that has potentially negative consequences for children's welfare. Furthermore, childhood ideologies, while retaining culturally specific values and ideas neither remain static nor exist in isolation from one another. The paper questions the global diffusion of a Western-style professionalised discourse of child psychology that may not be applicable to all nations and their children.

  16. Outbreak of staphylococcal food poisoning from a military unit lunch party - United States, July 2012.

    PubMed

    2013-12-20

    On July 30, 2012, the emergency department at a military hospital was visited by 13 persons seeking care for gastrointestinal illness with onset 2-3 hours after a work lunch party. The hospital responded by opening up temporary evaluation and treatment capacity in primary-care clinics and a progressive-care unit and by diverting one patient to a local civilian hospital. An immediate outbreak investigation was conducted by local military public health personnel with assistance from CDC. Initial epidemiologic analysis implicated "perlo" (a chicken, sausage, and rice dish) and bacterial intoxication as the outbreak mechanism. This enabled public health personnel to 1) recommend no further consumption of perlo and 2) reassure appropriate authorities that no additional ill persons likely would be seeking care and advise that nothing more than supportive care of ill persons likely would be required. After interviewing party attendees, investigators found nine additional persons who met their case definition. Subsequent CDC laboratory analysis of a sample of perlo detected staphylococcal enterotoxin A, supporting the epidemiologic findings. Improper food handling and preparation measures were identified and addressed by the appropriate authorities, who provided additional detailed education on food preparation safety for the persons who prepared the meal.

  17. Biofilms and persistent wound infections in United States military trauma patients: a case–control analysis

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Complex traumatic injuries sustained by military personnel, particularly when involving extremities, often result in infectious complications and substantial morbidity. One factor that may further impair patient recovery is the persistence of infections. Surface-attached microbial communities, known as biofilms, may play a role in hindering the management of infections; however, clinical data associating biofilm formation with persistent or chronic infections are lacking. Therefore, we evaluated the production of bacterial biofilms as a potential risk factor for persistent infections among wounded military personnel. Methods Bacterial isolates and clinical data from military personnel with deployment-related injuries were collected through the Trauma Infectious Disease Outcomes Study. The study population consisted of patients with diagnosed skin and soft-tissue infections. Cases (wounds with bacterial isolates of the same organism collected 14 days apart) were compared to controls (wounds with non-recurrent bacterial isolates), which were matched by organism and infectious disease syndrome. Potential risk factors for persistent infections, including biofilm formation, were examined in a univariate analysis. Data are expressed as odds ratios (OR; 95% confidence interval [CI]). Results On a per infected wound basis, 35 cases (representing 25 patients) and 69 controls (representing 60 patients) were identified. Eight patients with multiple wounds were utilized as both cases and controls. Overall, 235 bacterial isolates were tested for biofilm formation in the case–control analysis. Biofilm formation was significantly associated with infection persistence (OR: 29.49; CI: 6.24-infinity) in a univariate analysis. Multidrug resistance (OR: 5.62; CI: 1.02-56.92), packed red blood cell transfusion requirements within the first 24 hours (OR: 1.02; CI: 1.01-1.04), operating room visits prior to and on the date of infection diagnosis (OR: 2.05; CI: 1

  18. Geographic mapping of HIV infection among civilian applicants for United States military service.

    PubMed

    Bautista, Christian T; Sateren, Warren B; Sanchez, José L; Singer, Darrell E; Scott, Paul

    2008-09-01

    We assessed the geographic distribution of HIV infection among civilian applicants for US military service. High smoothed HIV prevalences were observed among white applicants in California, Texas, Florida, New York, and New Jersey, and among African-American applicants in New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Washington DC, North and South Carolina, Florida, and California. Three HIV spatial clusters were found among whites: New York/New Jersey, southern California, and in south and central Texas. Among African-Americans, three HIV spatial clusters were found: New York/New Jersey, Washington DC/Virginia, and south and central California. The South accounted for a significant proportion of HIV-infected African-American applicants.

  19. Diversity and distribution of sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) in a military area in the state of Amazonas, Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Gomes, Luís Henrique Monteiro; Albuquerque, Maria Ivonei Carvalho; da Rocha, Liliane Coelho; Pinheiro, Francimeire Gomes; Franco, Antonia Maria Ramos

    2013-01-01

    This study reports the distribution, ecotopes and fauna diversity of sandflies captured in five training bases on a military reserve in Manaus, state of Amazonas (AM). A total of 10,762 specimens were collected, which were distributed among 58 species, with the highest number recorded at Base Instruction 1 (BI1). A higher rate of species richness was found at the Base Instruction Boina Rajada and low levels of diversity associated with a high abundance index with the clear dominance of Lutzomyia umbratilis, Lutzomyia ruii and Lutzomyia anduzei were found at BI1. The abundance of Lu. umbratilis raises the possibility of outbreaks of American cutaneous leishmaniasis by the main vector of the disease in AM. PMID:23903983

  20. Analysis of the Effects of Individual Differences on Cognitive Performance for the Development of Military Socio-Cultural Performance Moderators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bagley, Katherine G.

    2012-01-01

    Technological devices are ubiquitous in nearly every facet of society. There are substantial investments made in organizations on a daily basis to improve information technology. From a military perspective, the ultimate goal of these highly sophisticated devices is to assist soldiers in achieving mission success across dynamic and often chaotic…

  1. Evaluation of metal ions and surfactants effect on cell growth and exopolysaccharide production in two-stage submerged culture of Cordyceps militaris.

    PubMed

    Cui, Jian-Dong; Zhang, Ya-Nan

    2012-11-01

    During the two-stage submerged fermentation of medicinal mushroom Cordyceps militaris, it was found that K(+), Ca(2+), Mg(2+), and Mn(2+) were favorable to the mycelial growth. The EPS production reached the highest levels in the media containing Mg(2+) and Mn(2+). However, Ca(2+) and K(+) almost failed to increase significantly exopolysaccharides (EPS) production. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) significantly enhanced EPS production compared with that of without adding SDS when SDS was added on static culture stage of two-stage cultivation process. The presence of Tween 80 in the medium not only simulated mycelial growth but also increased EPS production. By response surface methods (RSM), EPS production reached its peak value of 3.28 g/L under optimal combination of 27.6 mM Mg(2+), 11.1 mM Mn(2+), and 0.05 mM SDS, which was 3.76-fold compared with that of without metal ion and surfactant. The results obtained were useful in better understanding the regulation for efficient production of EPS of C. militaris in the two-stage submerged culture.

  2. Movies and the Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1972-01-01

    motion picture history- movies (with two exceptions discussed below) were not made about the war. Anti-war films , and films with...of this aberration. Motion pictures are made to make money, and producers of films about the military make movies which reflect the anti-military...screen. Much of our culture is defined and transmitted by movies .2 The images implanted in the mind by motion pictures are vivid and lasting.

  3. Shrinking the Civil-Military Divide: A Military Perspective

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-13

    military divide: The Culture Divide, the Control Divide, the Connectivity Divide, and the Knowledge Divide. The author recommends methods to improve each...divide: The Culture Divide, the Control Divide, the Connectivity Divide, and the Knowledge Divide. The author recommends methods to improve each...1 Chapter 2: Defining the Divides: A New Clausewitzian Paradigm……………. 4 Chapter 3: The Culture Divide: The Military and the People………………….. 11

  4. Bibliography of Women: A Survey of Women Past and Present as Reflected by the Holdings of the United States Military Academy Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Earl, Martha M., Comp.

    The publication of this bibliography on "Women" is an appropriate event in that it closely follows the passage of the law which for the first time permits women to enter the United States Military Academy in its 173 year history. Over 500 titles are presently extant in the USMA Library collection on the subject of women, representing woman's role…

  5. Use of the MBTI as a Predictor of Successful Academic and Military Performance at the United States Coast Guard Academy. Report 10-93.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connor, John C., III

    This study provides an analysis of a random sample of 100 cadets from the United States Coast Guard Academy class of 1993. Emphasis is placed on the cadets' academic achievements, their military performance, and their resignation status to determine whether the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) preferences can be used to predict success in these…

  6. 32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Military Academy. 575.1 Section 575.1 National... MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.1 Military Academy. (a) Organization and administration. (1) The United States Military Academy is under the general direction and supervision of the Department of the Army....

  7. A New Type of Great Power Relationship Between the United States and China: The Military Dimension

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-01

    the moment, the East is generally regarded as being in the ascendant, significantly rising relative to the West. 5 Recently, this debate has narrowed...closer consideration. Soft Power: The Socio-cultural Dimension. In the socio-cultural dimension, the Chinese lan- guage and Chinese concepts are...win over public opinion in the outside world (something that historically was rarely of concern to the Chinese before the modern era) have proved

  8. An Aspect on the School Culture in Turkey and the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sahin, Semiha

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to get a better understanding on school culture in the United States and Turkey. In this quantitative investigation, data were collected using the "School Culture Inventory" from 157 teachers in Izmir, Turkey and 161 teachers in the United States. The findings show that both countries have a positive culture.…

  9. Indian History of New York State. Part I: Pre-Iroquoian Cultures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ritchie, William A.

    It is reported that the New York State Indians, descendants of Asiatic immigrants, participated in leading cultural episodes of the eastern United States. Since their remains illustrate processes of cultural growth, the New York prehistoric cultures are described in terms of archaeological findings under 3 major stages of development: the…

  10. Music in the Military.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Amanda

    1981-01-01

    Following a very brief history of military bands, the author describes the musical performance opportunities currently available in the United States Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force, and Coast Guard, for young musicians who may wish to enlist. (SJL)

  11. Consequences of Making Weight: A Review of Eating Disorder Symptoms and Diagnoses in the United States Military

    PubMed Central

    Bodell, Lindsay; Forney, Katherine Jean; Keel, Pamela; Gutierrez, Peter; Joiner, Thomas E.

    2015-01-01

    Eating disorders are serious psychiatric illnesses associated with health problems. Such problems may compromise military performance, highlighting the need to establish the level of eating pathology that exists in military samples. This article qualitatively reviews prevalence estimates of eating disorder symptoms and diagnoses in military samples, providing nonmilitary estimates for context. Findings suggest that eating disorder symptoms are prevalent in cadets and active duty service members, especially when using self-report measures. The increased salience of weight in the military and increased exposure to trauma may influence risk for eating disorders. Alternatively, individuals at risk for eating disorders may self-select into the military. Overall, this review suggests that eating disorder symptoms are common in military samples and that further research is warranted. PMID:25642105

  12. Persistence of serogroup C antibody responses following quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccination in United States military personnel.

    PubMed

    Patel, Manisha; Romero-Steiner, Sandra; Broderick, Michael P; Thomas, Cynthia G; Plikaytis, Brian D; Schmidt, Daniel S; Johnson, Scott E; Milton, Andrea S; Carlone, George M; Clark, Thomas A; Messonnier, Nancy E; Cohn, Amanda C; Faix, Dennis J

    2014-06-24

    Serogroup C meningococcal (MenC) disease accounts for one-third of all meningococcal cases and causes meningococcal outbreaks in the U.S. Quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine conjugated to diphtheria toxoid (MenACYWD) was recommended in 2005 for adolescents and high risk groups such as military recruits. We evaluated anti-MenC antibody persistence in U.S. military personnel vaccinated with either MenACYWD or meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine (MPSV4). Twelve hundred subjects vaccinated with MenACYWD from 2006 to 2008 or MPSV4 from 2002 to 2004 were randomly selected from the Defense Medical Surveillance System. Baseline serologic responses to MenC were assessed in all subjects; 100 subjects per vaccine group were tested during one of the following six post-vaccination time-points: 5-7, 11-13, 17-19, 23-25, 29-31, or 35-37 months. Anti-MenC geometric mean titers (GMT) were measured by rabbit complement serum bactericidal assay (rSBA) and geometric mean concentrations (GMC) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Continuous variables were compared using the Wilcoxon rank sum test and the proportion of subjects with an rSBA titer ≥ 8 by chi-square. Pre-vaccination rSBA GMT was <8 for the MenACWYD group. rSBA GMT increased to 703 at 5-7 months post-vaccination and decreased by 94% to 43 at 3 years post-vaccination. GMT was significantly lower in the MenACWYD group at 5-7 months post-vaccination compared to the MPSV4 group. The percentage of MenACWYD recipients achieving an rSBA titer of ≥ 8 decreased from 87% at 5-7 months to 54% at 3 years. There were no significant differences between vaccine groups in the proportion of subjects with a titer of ≥ 8 at any time-point. GMC for the MenACWYD group was 0.14 μg/mL at baseline, 1.07 μg/mL at 5-7 months, and 0.66 μg/mL at 3 years, and significantly lower than the MPSV4 group at all time-points. Anti-MenC responses wane following vaccination with MenACYWD; a booster dose is needed to maintain protective levels

  13. Military Tobacco Policies: The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly

    PubMed Central

    Jahnke, Sara A.; Hoffman, Kevin M.; Haddock, C. Keith; Long, Mark A. D.; Williams, CAPT Larry N.; Lando, Harry A.; Carlos Poston, W. S.

    2012-01-01

    The United States military has the legacy of a pro-tobacco culture and still has prevalence rates of tobacco use that are higher than their civilian counterparts. One tactic for decreasing use and the subsequent health problems is through effective tobacco control policies. We collected available tobacco control policies from all four branches of the military and, through qualitative analysis, identified policies that were unique either as providing more or less detail and restriction than peer group policies. Best and worst practice policies in the areas of enforcement, smoking cessation, smokeless tobacco use, environmental tobacco smoke, framing tobacco as non-normative, designated tobacco use areas, and monitoring of tobacco use are presented. Because policy making can be an effective tool for improving the health of military members, understanding what policy components are comparatively positive or negative is an important tool for health advocates both in the military and civilian settings. PMID:22338352

  14. Military tobacco policies: the good, the bad, and the ugly.

    PubMed

    Jahnke, Sara A; Hoffman, Kevin M; Haddock, C Keith; Long, Mark A D; Williams, Larry N; Lando, Harry A; Poston, W S Carlos

    2011-12-01

    The United States military has the legacy of a pro-tobacco culture and still has prevalence rates of tobacco use that are higher than their civilian counterparts. One tactic for decreasing use and the subsequent health problems is through effective tobacco control policies. We collected available tobacco control policies from all four branches of the military and, through qualitative analysis, identified policies that were unique either as providing more or less detail and restriction than peer group policies. Best and worst practice policies in the areas of enforcement, smoking cessation, smokeless tobacco use, environmental tobacco smoke, framing tobacco as non-normative, designated tobacco use areas, and monitoring of tobacco use are presented. Because policy making can be an effective tool for improving the health of military members, understanding what policy components are comparatively positive or negative is an important tool for health advocates both in the military and civilian settings.

  15. A Retrospective Review of Factors Associated with Vasovasostomies in United States Military Members

    PubMed Central

    Masterson, J.; Avalos, E.; Santomauro, M.; Walters, R.; Marguet, C.; L'Esperance, J.; Drain, D.

    2013-01-01

    Background Men seeking a vasectomy should receive counseling prior to the procedure that includes discussion of later seeking a reversal. We sought to determine demographic factors that may predispose patients to possibly later seek a vasectomy reversal. Methods All U.S. Military electronic health records were searched between 2000 and 2009 for either a vasectomy or vasovasostomy procedure code. Aggregate demographic information was collected and statistical analysis performed. Result A total of 82,945 patients had a vasectomy of which 4,485 had a vasovasostomy resulting in a vasovasostomy-to-vasectomy rate of 5.04%. The average age at vasovasostomy was 34.9±5.0, with an average interval of 4.1±2.2 years. Men undergoing a vasectomy at a younger age were more likely to have a vasovasostomy. Various religions did have statistically significant differences. Within ethnic groups, only Native Americans [OR=1.39 (95% CI 1.198-1.614)] and Asians [OR=0.501 (95% CI 0.364-0.690)] had statistically significant differences when compared to Caucasians. Men with more children at the time of vasectomy were more likely to have a vasovasostomy. Conclusion Younger men, Native Americans, and men with more children at vasectomy were more likely to undergo a vasovasostomy. The reason for these differences is unknown, but this information may assist during pre-vasectomy counseling. PMID:24917734

  16. [Research Scientific Centre of Military Medicine, Military-medical Techniques and Pharmacy of State Research Scientific Institute of Military Medicine of Ministry of Defence of RF celebrates 80 years].

    PubMed

    Bukhtiiarov, I V; Varlachev, A V; Medvedev, V R

    2010-11-01

    The history of the 80-year activity of the Institute of Military Medicine, established in the Workers and Peasants, Red Army, Soviet Union. The Institute was founded in 1930 in Moscow and was originally called the Military Sanitary Institute. In a subsequent Institute repeatedly reformed, had different names, with the first years of its existence, has made and continues to contribute significantly to the development of means of medical services and other medical devices. The concrete results of operations and information about the staff are established.

  17. 32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY PERSONNEL ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.1 Military Academy. (a) Organization and administration. (1) The United States.... (b) Mission. The mission of the United States Military Academy is to educate, train, and motivate...

  18. Implications of China’s Growing Military Diplomatic Clout for the United States: Cooperation, Competition or Conflict

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-01

    NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA THESIS Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited IMPLICATIONS OF...in Asia through its military interactions. vi THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK vii TABLE OF CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION ...BLANK 1 I. INTRODUCTION A. MAJOR RESEARCH QUESTION The military capabilities of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) are improving. One facet

  19. Adaptation to Stress: An Investigation into the Lives of United States Military Families with a Child Who Is Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fallon, Moira A.; Russo, Theresa J.

    2003-01-01

    This study surveyed 253 military families with children who have disabilities to determine if they experienced difficulties in adapting to military life. Responses indicated that 25 percent of children with disabilities were 3 years or younger and 75 percent were age 4 through 6 years. Twenty-one families reported not having adjusted to military…

  20. Assisting Children and Families with Military-Related Disruptions: The United States Marine Corps School Liaison Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aronson, Keith R.; Caldwell, Linda L.; Perkins, Daniel F.; Pasch, Kenneth W.

    2011-01-01

    Military families face a number of unique challenges, including frequent relocations and school transitions, as well as extended separations from loved ones. The military, schools, and communities have been working together to build the capacity of children, youth, and families to successfully cope with the stressors they encounter. Most branches…

  1. China Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs, PRC State Council Bulletin, No. 15, 10 June 1985

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    the second category: .1) It must have a travel agency charter that conforms to state regulations; 2) It must have a definite organization and legal...must exist for establishing and running a tourist agency of the third category: 1) It must have a travel agency charter that conforms to the state

  2. China Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs. PRC State Council Bulletin, No. 17, 10 August 1984

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Approval, Circulation of Commerce Ministry Report on Certain Questions Concerning Restructuring Present Urban Commercial System 6 Commerce...Ministry Report on Certain Questions Concerning Restructuring Present Urban Commercial System 8 State Council Circular on Approval, Circulation of Report...by State Commission for Restructuring Economic System , Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fishery on Further

  3. 32 CFR 9.2 - Establishment of Military Commissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.2 Establishment of Military Commissions. In accordance with the President's Military...

  4. 32 CFR 9.2 - Establishment of Military Commissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.2 Establishment of Military Commissions. In accordance with the President's Military...

  5. 32 CFR 9.2 - Establishment of Military Commissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.2 Establishment of Military Commissions. In accordance with the President's Military...

  6. 32 CFR 9.2 - Establishment of Military Commissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.2 Establishment of Military Commissions. In accordance with the President's Military...

  7. 32 CFR 9.2 - Establishment of Military Commissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.2 Establishment of Military Commissions. In accordance with the President's Military...

  8. The Barracks Subculture of Military School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poliakov, R. Iu.

    2011-01-01

    The subcultures that develop among military students have a powerful influence on their values and behavior, and in some situations are more influential than the official, military culture. Any attempt to improve levels of discipline in the military cannot afford to ignore these subcultures. [This article was translated by Kim Braithwaite.

  9. Military Government

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1949-07-01

    CGSC MG MILITARY GOVERNMENT LIBHARY ARI\\’IY WAR COLLEGE CJ\\RLISLE BARRACKS, PAa This text is approved for resident and extension-course...and functions · of ’ military government . It conforms ·substantially to the subject matter , of Field Manual 27-5, Civil Affairs/ Military Government ...Teaching experience at the Command and General Staff College has ···--·demonstrated the need for a military government text which brings to- gether

  10. Sexual Harassment in the United States Military: The Development of the DoD Survey

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-09-30

    State University Normal, Illinois for The Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute Patrick Air Force Base, Florida United States Navy-ASEE 1988...Month, Day) 5. PAGE COUNT Final FROM 16ay TO _2_3J 880930 20 16. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTATION Prepared as a part of the Defense Equal Opportunity Management...the Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute. 20. DISTRIBUTION /AVAILABILITY OF ABSTRACT 21. ABSTRACT SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

  11. The Emerging Pattern of Civil-Military Relations in Islamist States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    notes, “Islam itself is basically a faith, a cultural system , and an ethics—and hence not necessarily political by its nature.”5 Islamism, by contrast...phenomenon rather than a specific belief system or ideology, this thesis seeks to avoid the thornier debates about theology and interpretations of the...governing themselves. The Quran addresses society with such phrases as: “O people!” and “O believers!” The duties entrusted to modern democratic systems

  12. Cultivation of medicinal caterpillar fungus, Cordyceps militaris (Ascomycetes), and production of cordycepin using the spent medium from levan fermentation.

    PubMed

    Wu, Fang-Chen; Chen, Yi-Lin; Chang, Shu-Ming; Shih, Ing-Lung

    2013-01-01

    A process of tandem cultivation for the production of green and invaluable bioproducts (levan and Cordycepes militaris) useful for medical applications has been successfully developed. The process involves first cultivating Bacillus subtilis strain natto in sucrose medium to produce levan, followed by the subsequent cultivation of C. militaris in liquid- and solid-state cultures using the spent medium from levan fermentation as substrates. The factors affecting the cell growth and production of metabolites of C. militaris were investigated, and the various metabolites produced in the culture filtrate, mycelia, and fruiting body were analyzed. In addition, cordycepin was prepared from the solid waste medium of C. militaris. This is an excellent example in the development of cost effective biorefineries that maximize useful product formation from the available biomass. The preparation of cordycepin from solid waste medium of C. militaris using a method with high extraction efficiency and minimum solvent usage is also environmentally friendly.

  13. An Organizational Culture Assessment Using the Competing Values Framework: A Profile of Ohio State University Extension.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berrio, Angel A.

    2003-01-01

    Current and preferred culture of Ohio State University Extension was assessed by 297 extension staff categorized by gender, location, program area, title, age, and years employed. Most categories selected a Clan culture type as dominant in both the current and preferred situations. The Clan culture portrays an organization that concentrates on…

  14. Foreign Military Sales: A Growing Concern. Departments of State and Defense

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-06-01

    tipoing the United States by 12 perc0nt~ In lY74 this margin was increased to L 50 percent. Soviet arms wore directed at a few ~ountries with Syria...er the sales market . It is also evident that ~any na~ions want ~ot only the eauipment but also the follow-on support and assistance which, when...restraint in * * * the overall level of u.s. arms sales, the percentage of each national defense market the United States enjoys, the

  15. [Cell engineering in nephrology: The current state and prospectives from the point of view of military medicine].

    PubMed

    Bel'skih, A N; Golota, A S; Krassii, A B; Nagibovich, O A

    2015-09-01

    This article is dedicated to the current state and prospectives of cell engineering in nephrology from the point of view of military medicine. The review is based on publications from January 1, 2014, to June 1, 2015, and consists of two parts. In the first part the main directions of the cell engineering development are mentioned. The only two clinical trials existed in the field are discussed in more detail. The second part deals with prospectives of cell engineering in nephrology. It is shown that currently this field is in the stage of preclinical experimentation. Of the two known clinical trials the first has failed to demonstrate any effectiveness of cell engineering, the second--will be completed only at the end of 2016. Also, the review notes an extraordinary cost of cell engineering experiments in nephrology. The analysis of publications allows to come to a conclusion that the future progress in prevention and treatment of acute kidney injury could go not in the direction of cell engineering but rather non-cell technologies. One of. the practical consequence of such a conclusion is a necessity to continue the improvement of already existing methods of machine renal replacement therapy.

  16. Culture and the State: Manufacturing Traditions for Tourism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leong, Wai-Teng

    1989-01-01

    Examines how Singapore's government influences the production and patterning of cultures through the policy of national tourism. Describes how a national culture is actively created and projected to the international polity and international mass market by advertising and manufacturing ethnic "traditions" of selected groups for the…

  17. Terrorist Threat To United States Military Bases - Are We On The Verge Of Another Pearl Harbor?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    George M. Birdsong , Weapons of Mass Destruction-Terrorist Use and the State of Domestic Response (Carlisle Barracks, PA: U.S. Army War College, 1997...and Paul T. Gerard, Jr. Combatting the Terrorist Threat. Carlisle Barracks, PA: U.S. Army War College, 1985. Birdsong , George M. Weapons of Mass

  18. United States Military Medicine’s Role in Low-Intensity Conflict in Latin America

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-12-14

    distribution is unlliited. U.S. ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS, PENNSYLVANIA 17013 ABSTR’ACT AUTHOR: William E. Gonzale :. COL. MC TITLE: United States...commander with three deputies. Those would be the hospital commander. the USARSO surgec-, and the commander of medical elememt JTF Bravo . 38 Very close

  19. The United States’ Overseas Contingency Operations/Global War on Terror: A Military Revolution?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-21

    The issue of homeland security is one of the most important challenges facing our nation, and the decisions we make today about the strategy and......this process has been highly developmental. To that end, I would like to thank the United States Army and the Command and Staff College for making

  20. Military Music in the United States: A Historical Examination of Performance and Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gleason, Bruce P.

    2015-01-01

    As of 2014, the U.S. Department of Defense is the largest employer of musicians in the United States, with more than 6,000 musicians serving in active-duty, reserve, and National Guard bands. From its dual origins with drums and fifes in infantry units (foot soldiers) and trumpets in the cavalry (horse-mounted troops), music has served crucial…

  1. The Civic Culture of the United States and Its Challenges to Civic Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patrick, John J.

    The core civic ideas that helped form a consensus around a United States Constitution in 1787 are the seeds that produce the civic culture of the United States today. Constitutionalism, republicanism, communitarianism, and classical liberalism were related ideas at the center of U.S. civic culture in the 1780s. Two hundred years later, with some…

  2. 75 FR 62439 - The Entire United States and U.S. Territories; Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-08

    ... conflict or have received notice of an expected call-up, and those employees are essential to the success... duty in his or her role as a military reservist. These loans are intended only to provide the amount...

  3. A Model Midshipman: Factors Related to Academic and Military Success of Prior Enlisted Midshipmen at the United States Naval Academy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-01

    40 1. Plebe Year Academic Performance..................................................40 2. First Class Year Academic Performance...43 3. Plebe Military Performance..............................................................44 4. First...41 Table 5. Plebe Year CAQPR Regression Output

  4. Examining the relationship between coping strategies and suicidal desire in a sample of United States military personnel.

    PubMed

    Khazem, Lauren R; Law, Keyne C; Green, Bradley A; Anestis, Michael D

    2015-02-01

    Suicidal desire in the military has been previously examined through the lens of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS). However, no research has examined the impact of specific coping strategies on perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and suicidal ideation in a large population of individuals serving in the US military. Furthermore, the factor structure of previously utilized coping clusters did not apply to our sample of military personnel. Therefore, we found a three-factor solution to be tested in this sample. We hypothesized that specific types of coping behavior clusters (Adaptive and Maladaptive) would predict both IPTS constructs and suicidal ideation. Results indicated that Adaptive and Maladaptive coping clusters predicted the IPTS constructs in the hypothesized directions. However, only the Maladaptive cluster predicted suicidal ideation. These findings implicate the need for further research and suicide prevention efforts focusing on coping strategies, specifically those that are maladaptive in nature, in relation to suicidal ideation in military members.

  5. United States Military Support to American Strategic Goals in the Philippines

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-14

    Forces, Joint, National Security, Theater Engagement, Philippines, Department of State (DoS), Strategic 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION ...Approved by: , Thesis Committee Chair Lt Col Brian L. Reece , M.A. , Member Paul D. Van Gorden, M.S. , Member Joseph R...pages of this document. Lastly, I want to the thank the chair of the committee, Lt Col Brian Reece . Thank you for balancing your classes, Air War

  6. The Implications of Network-Centric Warfare for United States and Multinational Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    impact of network-centric warfare on United States naval operations will be without conducting much more research and many more experiments. Until...recognizable as the same species it is today? Perhaps, but progress will be slow. As a result, the impact of NCW on the Navy between now and 2010...force deployments in the future will be associated with multinational operations.1 This paper will focus initially on the impact of NCW on United

  7. A High Power Solid State Circuit Breaker for Military Hybrid Electric Vehicle Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-01

    Electric Vehicle Applications Page 2 of 8 Silicon MOSFETs, SiC MOSFETs, and IGBTs are all worth considering with regard to extremely fast...over IGBTs for minimizing the steady- state conduction loss, since the IGBT static losses become quite large at high currents and voltages. MOSFETs...high voltage, high current, and high temperature environments. COMPARISON OF SWITCH TECHNOLOGIES We first compared SiC MOSFET, Si IGBT , and Si

  8. China Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs, PRC State Council Bulletin, No. 13, 20 May 1985

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Natural rubber 55 Soda 56 Caustic soda Excluding sodium hydroxide reagent 57 Calcium carbide 58 Ethylene resin 59 Polypropylene Excluding random...contexts) at the time of purchase or before the vehicle is put into use. Article 4. The purchaser or user (including state organs and PLA units) of the...transportation is a sector of production which is of a service nature , and which should do independent accounting and shoulder sole responsibility for

  9. Non-Military Education and the United States Army: A History

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1972-01-01

    way that the Academy functioned through- out its early history, however. In 1834 the General Assem- bly of Ohio sent a resolution to the United States...harnessmaker, and whitesmith, the last being an old term for a worker of "finished" iron or tin. In addition, there would be training as musicians for...commissioned officers, musicians , artificiers, and privates." 1 The effectiveness of these chaplains was lauded by General Winfield Scott in his 1843 report

  10. Simulation of advective flow under steady-state and transient recharge conditions, Camp Edwards, Massachusetts Military Reservation, Cape Cod, Massachusetts

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Walter, Donald A.; Masterson, John P.

    2003-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey has developed several ground-water models in support of an investigation of ground-water contamination being conducted by the Army National Guard Bureau at Camp Edwards, Massachusetts Military Reservation on western Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Regional and subregional steady-state models and regional transient models were used to (1) improve understanding of the hydrologic system, (2) simulate advective transport of contaminants, (3) delineate recharge areas to municipal wells, and (4) evaluate how model discretization and time-varying recharge affect simulation results. A water-table mound dominates ground-water-flow patterns. Near the top of the mound, which is within Camp Edwards, hydraulic gradients are nearly vertically downward and horizontal gradients are small. In downgradient areas that are further from the top of the water-table mound, the ratio of horizontal to vertical gradients is larger and horizontal flow predominates. The steady-state regional model adequately simulates advective transport in some areas of the aquifer; however, simulation of ground-water flow in areas with local hydrologic boundaries, such as ponds, requires more finely discretized subregional models. Subregional models also are needed to delineate recharge areas to municipal wells that are inadequately represented in the regional model or are near other pumped wells. Long-term changes in recharge rates affect hydraulic heads in the aquifer and shift the position of the top of the water-table mound. Hydraulic-gradient directions do not change over time in downgradient areas, whereas they do change substantially with temporal changes in recharge near the top of the water-table mound. The assumption of steady-state hydraulic conditions is valid in downgradient area, where advective transport paths change little over time. In areas closer to the top of the water-table mound, advective transport paths change as a function of time, transient and steady-state paths

  11. Political Change in Europe and the Future of United States Military Presence in Germany

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-01

    www.warsawvoice.pl/view/4556, Internet, accessed 9 January 2005. 95 Ibid. 96 Bartosz Węglarczyk, “Czy mamy bać się wyjścia USA?”, Gazeta Wyborcza...Eastern European countries that are desperate to have a relationship with the United States,” said retired U.S. Army Gen. Wesley Clark , the former...accessed 15 January 2005. 43. Węglarczyk Bartosz. Czy mamy bać się wyjścia USA?. Gazeta Wyborcza, 18 August 2004. 61 INITIAL

  12. Multi-Body-Site Microbiome and Culture Profiling of Military Trainees Suffering from Skin and Soft Tissue Infections at Fort Benning, Georgia.

    PubMed

    Singh, Jatinder; Johnson, Ryan C; Schlett, Carey D; Elassal, Emad M; Crawford, Katrina B; Mor, Deepika; Lanier, Jeffrey B; Law, Natasha N; Walters, William A; Teneza-Mora, Nimfa; Bennett, Jason W; Hall, Eric R; Millar, Eugene V; Ellis, Michael W; Merrell, D Scott

    2016-01-01

    Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are common in the general population, with increased prevalence among military trainees. Previous research has revealed numerous nasal microbial signatures that correlate with SSTI development and Staphylococcus aureus colonization. Thus, we hypothesized that the ecology of the inguinal, oropharynx, and perianal regions may also be altered in response to SSTI and/or S. aureus colonization. We collected body site samples from 46 military trainees with purulent abscess (SSTI group) as well as from 66 asymptomatic controls (non-SSTI group). We also collected abscess cavity samples to assess the microbial composition of these infections. Samples were analyzed by culture, and the microbial communities were characterized by high-throughput sequencing. We found that the nasal, inguinal, and perianal regions were similar in microbial composition and significantly differed from the oropharynx. We also observed differences in Anaerococcus and Streptococcus abundance between the SSTI and non-SSTI groups for the nasal and oropharyngeal regions, respectively. Furthermore, we detected community membership differences between the SSTI and non-SSTI groups for the nasal and inguinal sites. Compared to that of the other regions, the microbial compositions of the nares of S. aureus carriers and noncarriers were dramatically different; we noted an inverse correlation between the presence of Corynebacterium and the presence of Staphylococcus in the nares. This correlation was also observed for the inguinal region. Culture analysis revealed elevated methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) colonization levels for the SSTI group in the nasal and inguinal body sites. Together, these data suggest significant microbial variability in patients with SSTI as well as between S. aureus carriers and noncarriers. IMPORTANCE While it is evident that nasal colonization with S. aureus increases the likelihood of SSTI, there is a significant lack of

  13. Mind Games: Setting Conditions for Successful Counterinsurgency Military Information Support Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-12-01

    culturally and technologically. Second, both the United States and United Kingdom had closely linked military policy because of their common bonds...Now totaling six variables, the refined list used in this study is as follows: cultural knowledge, responsiveness to target audience feedback...on which to plan their actions. Such a framework would undoubtedly be based on their mission, but would have to include at least some cultural

  14. [Morbidity in draft military personnel].

    PubMed

    Mukhametzhanov, A M; Smagulov, N K

    2015-01-01

    Military service activity appeared to influence health state of military personnel. Body strain at initial stages of the service, connected with stress situation, affects general body resistance and manifests in higher general morbidity level with transitory disablement that decreases with adaptation. Based on normalized intensity parameters, the equation enables to ease a procedure of evaluation and forecast of transitory disablement morbidity in draft military personnel.

  15. The Influence of Strategic and Organizational Cultures on the Revolution in Military Affairs Within the U.S. Army

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-01

    term effects of continuing this disparity could be grave. Accurate strategic net assessments constitute a good tool for sensitizing key...explores the influence of culture on the requirements for a Revolution in Militaty Affairs (RMA) . It assesses how cultural factors at the strategic and the...PAGES net assessments , national cognitive style 17. SECURITY 18. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF CLASSIFICATION OF TffiS REPORT PAGE Unclassified

  16. Mechanism for multiplicity of steady states with distinct cell concentration in continuous culture of mammalian cells.

    PubMed

    Yongky, Andrew; Lee, Jongchan; Le, Tung; Mulukutla, Bhanu Chandra; Daoutidis, Prodromos; Hu, Wei-Shou

    2015-07-01

    Continuous culture for the production of biopharmaceutical proteins offers the possibility of steady state operations and thus more consistent product quality and increased productivity. Under some conditions, multiplicity of steady states has been observed in continuous cultures of mammalian cells, wherein with the same dilution rate and feed nutrient composition, steady states with very different cell and product concentrations may be reached. At those different steady states, cells may exhibit a high glycolysis flux with high lactate production and low cell concentration, or a low glycolysis flux with low lactate and high cell concentration. These different steady states, with different cell concentration, also have different productivity. Developing a mechanistic understanding of the occurrence of steady state multiplicity and devising a strategy to steer the culture toward the desired steady state is critical. We establish a multi-scale kinetic model that integrates a mechanistic intracellular metabolic model and cell growth model in a continuous bioreactor. We show that steady state multiplicity exists in a range of dilution rate in continuous culture as a result of the bistable behavior in glycolysis. The insights from the model were used to devise strategies to guide the culture to the desired steady state in the multiple steady state region. The model provides a guideline principle in the design of continuous culture processes of mammalian cells.

  17. Cross-Cultural Strategies for Improving the Teaching, Training, and Mentoring Skills of Military Transition Team Advisors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-01

    communicate more effectively in both verbal and non - verbal modes; assist them in developing essential interpersonal relationships, both to facilitate...social groups. National culture provides one set of guidelines that influence the verbal and nonverbal communication patterns of individual group...Much intercultural research has been applied to the fields of business , diplomacy, health, and education. Research is abundant with regards to

  18. 32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... the administration and training of the Corps of Cadets and is also head of the Department of Tactics. (b) Mission. The mission of the United States Military Academy is to educate, train, and motivate the... military training. In accomplishing its mission, the Military Academy strives to develop in each cadet...

  19. Arsenite maintains germinative state in cultured human epidermal cells

    SciTech Connect

    Patterson, Timothy J.; Reznikova, Tatiana V.; Phillips, Marjorie A.; Rice, Robert H. . E-mail: rhrice@ucdavis.edu

    2005-08-22

    Arsenic is a well-known carcinogen for human skin, but its mechanism of action and proximal macromolecular targets remain to be elucidated. In the present study, low micromolar concentrations of sodium arsenite maintained the proliferative potential of epidermal keratinocytes, decreasing their exit from the germinative compartment under conditions that promote differentiation of untreated cells. This effect was observed in suspension and in post-confluent surface cultures as measured by colony-forming ability and by proportion of rapidly adhering colony-forming cells. Arsenite-treated cultures exhibited elevated levels of {beta}1-integrin and {beta}-catenin, two proteins enriched in cells with high proliferative potential. Levels of phosphorylated (inactive) glycogen synthase kinase 3{beta} were higher in the treated cultures, likely accounting for the increased levels of transcriptionally available {beta}-catenin. These findings suggest that arsenic could have co-carcinogenic and tumor co-promoting activities in the epidermis as a result of increasing the population and persistence of germinative cells targeted by tumor initiators and promoters. These findings also identify a critical signal transduction pathway meriting further exploration in pursuit of this phenomenon.

  20. Translating sexual assault prevention from a college campus to a United States military installation: piloting the know-your-power bystander social marketing campaign.

    PubMed

    Potter, Sharyn J; Stapleton, Jane G

    2012-05-01

    One population that shares both similar and different characteristics with traditional college-age students is the U.S. Military. Similarities include a high concentration of 18- to 26-year-olds dealing with new found independence, peer pressure, and the presence of social norms that support violence and hypermasculinity. Sexual violence is a major public health problem in the United States, and because of the similarities in the age group of college and military populations, the problems regarding sexual violence in both constituencies have been well-documented. In the current pilot study we seek to add to both current knowledge about and promising practices of translating prevention strategies from one target audience to another. We describe how we translated, administered, and evaluated a bystander intervention social marketing campaign focused on sexual assault prevention that had been found to significantly affect attitude change on a college campus for a U.S. Army installation in Europe. In addition to demonstrating the process of translating prevention strategies across target audiences, findings from this pilot study contribute to the evaluation data on the effectiveness of sexual violence prevention strategies implemented with members of the U.S. Military. From our analysis, we see that research participants indicate that the degree to which the images resonate with them and the familiarity of the context (i.e., social self-identification) significantly effect the participants' personal responsibility for reducing sexual assault, confidence in acting as a bystander, and reported engagement as a bystander.

  1. Warrior culture, spirituality, and prayer.

    PubMed

    Malmin, Mark

    2013-09-01

    Research has shown an increase in suicides by military veterans and law enforcement officers in the United States. Etiologic research elucidates warrior culture and subculture as contributing factors of this pathology. This paper examines the idiosyncratic nature and influence of warrior culture and subculture and offers recommendations to promote culture change. Faith-based spirituality and prayer are examined as adjunct modalities for stress management and emotional healing. Further research is recommended to assess the associated hidden cost factors and long-term financial impact of warrior culture on society.

  2. Grandparents in the United States and the Republic of China: A Comparison of Generations and Cultures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strom, Robert D.; Strom, Shirley K.; Wang, Chih-Mei; Shen, Yuh-Ling; Griswold, Dianne; Chan, Hou-Sheng; Yang, Chu-Yin

    1999-01-01

    Examines grandparent behaviors in the United States and in the Republic of China to identify curriculum themes for helping them learn to adjust to their changing roles. Results revealed significant differences in perceptions about grandparents across cultures as well as between generations within cultures. Provides specific guidelines and…

  3. State Assessment of Educational Progress in North Carolina, 1973-74, Cultural Arts, Grade 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Research.

    A representative sample of about 2,500 third-graders took the Cultural Arts Test, a perception survey which was part of the 1973-74 State Assessment of Educational Progress in North Carolina. The test dealt with students' perceptions of their own competence, interests, preferences, and happiness in the cultural arts; of their teachers. and…

  4. Cultural Capital and Transnational Parenting: The Case of Ghanaian Migrants in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coe, Cati; Shani, Serah

    2015-01-01

    What does cultural capital mean in a transnational context? In this article, Cati Coe and Serah Shani illustrate through the case of Ghanaian immigrants to the United States that the concept of cultural capital offers many insights into immigrants' parenting strategies, but that it also needs to be refined in several ways to account for the…

  5. Rules of Engagement: Considering Good Policy and Practice with Online Military Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Starr-Glass, David

    2015-01-01

    In online distance learning environments military learners may not stand out or be particularly distinctive from their non-military peers. However, military learners do possess a degree of difference that needs to be recognized. The military can be considered to possess a Janusian culture--two distinctive cultural patterns that emerge in different…

  6. India and Pakistan Civil-Military Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-21

    India and Pakistan Civil -Military Relations A Monograph by MAJ Brent Williams United States Army School of Advanced...2015 2. REPORT TYPE Master’s Thesis 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) JUN 2014 – MAY 2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE India and Pakistan Civil Military...explains civil -military relationships throughout a wide range of interactions between a society and the society’s military. The monograph uses this

  7. 32 CFR 884.6 - Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United States and its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE MILITARY PERSONNEL DELIVERY OF PERSONNEL TO... delivery of service members, the Air Force will normally deliver service members when the request is... properly identified Federal officer represents that such a warrant has been issued. (b) A U.S....

  8. 32 CFR 884.6 - Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United States and its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE MILITARY PERSONNEL DELIVERY OF PERSONNEL TO... delivery of service members, the Air Force will normally deliver service members when the request is... properly identified Federal officer represents that such a warrant has been issued. (b) A U.S....

  9. 26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Force. The terms also include the Coast Guard. The members of such forces include commissioned officers and the personnel below the grade of commissioned officer in such forces. ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces...

  10. 26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Force. The terms also include the Coast Guard. The members of such forces include commissioned officers and the personnel below the grade of commissioned officer in such forces. ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces...

  11. 26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Force. The terms also include the Coast Guard. The members of such forces include commissioned officers and the personnel below the grade of commissioned officer in such forces. ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces...

  12. 26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Force. The terms also include the Coast Guard. The members of such forces include commissioned officers and the personnel below the grade of commissioned officer in such forces. ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces...

  13. 76 FR 58032 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate a Cultural Item: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, WI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-19

    ... National Park Service Notice of Intent To Repatriate a Cultural Item: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, WI AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The State Historical Society... believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the cultural item may contact the State Historical...

  14. 75 FR 8741 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ... National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Stephen F. Austin State University... to repatriate cultural items in the control of Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, TX... under contract with Stephen F. Austin State University. In 1957, 15 cultural items were removed from...

  15. Military Force and Culture Change: Systems, Narratives, and the Social Transmission of Behavior in Counter-Terrorism Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-03-01

    available online at (Last accessed, 20 March 2006) https://repository.ust.hk/dspace/handle/1783.1/1337 (2004) and Daniel Dennett , “The Self as Center of...Science Board. “Strategic Communication.” <http://www.acq.osd.mil/dsb/reports/2004-09-Strategic_Communication.pdf> (20 June 2005). Dennett , Daniel ...in Folkways and Mores (New York: Schocken, 1906), 3, culture results from “…the frequent repetition of petty acts.” 2 Daniel G. Bates and Fred Plog

  16. 78 FR 3325 - Appointing Authority for Military Commissions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-16

    ... of the Secretary 32 CFR Part 18 Appointing Authority for Military Commissions AGENCY: Department of... Authority for Military Commissions. This rule pertains to a military function of the United States and is.... As a result of the enactment of Military Commissions Act of 2009, the Deputy Secretary's issuance...

  17. 20 CFR 614.21 - Findings of Federal military agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Findings of Federal military agency. 614.21... UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION FOR EX-SERVICEMEMBERS Responsibilities of Federal Military Agencies and State Agencies § 614.21 Findings of Federal military agency. (a) Findings in military documents....

  18. 20 CFR 614.21 - Findings of Federal military agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Findings of Federal military agency. 614.21... UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION FOR EX-SERVICEMEMBERS Responsibilities of Federal Military Agencies and State Agencies § 614.21 Findings of Federal military agency. (a) Findings in military documents....

  19. 20 CFR 614.21 - Findings of Federal military agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Findings of Federal military agency. 614.21... UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION FOR EX-SERVICEMEMBERS Responsibilities of Federal Military Agencies and State Agencies § 614.21 Findings of Federal military agency. (a) Findings in military documents....

  20. 20 CFR 614.21 - Findings of Federal military agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Findings of Federal military agency. 614.21... UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION FOR EX-SERVICEMEMBERS Responsibilities of Federal Military Agencies and State Agencies § 614.21 Findings of Federal military agency. (a) Findings in military documents....

  1. 20 CFR 614.21 - Findings of Federal military agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Findings of Federal military agency. 614.21... UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION FOR EX-SERVICEMEMBERS Responsibilities of Federal Military Agencies and State Agencies § 614.21 Findings of Federal military agency. (a) Findings in military documents....

  2. Culture and Healthy Eating: The Role of Independence and Interdependence in the United States and Japan.

    PubMed

    Levine, Cynthia S; Miyamoto, Yuri; Markus, Hazel Rose; Rigotti, Attilio; Boylan, Jennifer Morozink; Park, Jiyoung; Kitayama, Shinobu; Karasawa, Mayumi; Kawakami, Norito; Coe, Christopher L; Love, Gayle D; Ryff, Carol D

    2016-10-01

    Healthy eating is important for physical health. Using large probability samples of middle-aged adults in the United States and Japan, we show that fitting with the culturally normative way of being predicts healthy eating. In the United States, a culture that prioritizes and emphasizes independence, being independent predicts eating a healthy diet (an index of fish, protein, fruit, vegetables, reverse-coded sugared beverages, and reverse-coded high fat meat consumption; Study 1) and not using nonmeat food as a way to cope with stress (Study 2a). In Japan, a culture that prioritizes and emphasizes interdependence, being interdependent predicts eating a healthy diet (Studies 1 and 2b). Furthermore, reflecting the types of agency that are prevalent in each context, these relationships are mediated by autonomy in the United States and positive relations with others in Japan. These findings highlight the importance of understanding cultural differences in shaping healthy behavior and have implications for designing health-promoting interventions.

  3. The American Military and the Far East, Proceedings of the Ninth Military History Symposium, United States Air Force Academy, 1-3 October 1980,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-10-01

    Philippines to deny control of Manila to both native rebels and Spanish troops. In the summer of 1900, he authorized the use of American sailors, soldiers...of the State Department’s Division of Southeast Asian Affairs that Ho Chi Minh, as a native nationalist, did not endanger Asian or American security...support- ing a native leader capable of bidding successfully against Ho for the sup- port of the anti-colonial revolution. Finally in the Elysee

  4. Military Exposures

    MedlinePlus

    ... Military Sexual Trauma Radiation Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Weapons Cold Injury Hearing Impairment Visual Impairment Former Prisoners ... Categories Chemicals (Agent Orange, contaminated water…) Radiation (nuclear weapons, X-rays…) Air Pollutants (burn pit smoke, dust…) ...

  5. Towards Reengineering the United States Department of Defense: A Financial Case for a Functionally-Aligned, Unified Military Structure

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-01

    and enduring role for which an organization is designed , equipped, and trained. (Joint Publication 1-02, 2010:115) Hammer & Champy define process...structural designs . In this vein, the research gives consideration to countries that have adopted a unified, functionally-aligned military structure...Agency (DIA) had been created since the 1940s. These agencies were designed to provide common support to all DoD components. However, the agencies

  6. Training and Educating Army Officers for the 21st Century: Implications for the United States Military Academy.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-03-11

    accept nontraditional roles.1,2 A WHOLE NEW PLAYING FIELD I contend that many issues in this new Information era will have extreme relevancy to the...comfort and stability of a middle-class life is utterly unknown, find war and a barracks existence a step up.൘ It is obvious that the Information ... era offers tremendous implications for our future military leaders. They will need to be flexible enough to adapt to these new challenges

  7. Incidence of Norovirus-Associated Medical Encounters among Active Duty United States Military Personnel and Their Dependents

    PubMed Central

    Rha, Brian; Lopman, Benjamin A.; Alcala, Ashley N.; Riddle, Mark S.; Porter, Chad K.

    2016-01-01

    Background Norovirus is a leading cause of gastroenteritis episodes and outbreaks in US military deployments, but estimates of endemic disease burden among military personnel in garrison are lacking. Methods Diagnostic codes from gastroenteritis-associated medical encounters of active duty military personnel and their beneficiaries from July 1998–June 2011 were obtained from the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center. Using time-series regression models, cause-unspecified encounters were modeled as a function of encounters for specific enteropathogens. Model residuals (representing unexplained encounters) were used to estimate norovirus-attributable medical encounters. Incidence rates were calculated using population data for both active duty and beneficiary populations. Results The estimated annual mean rate of norovirus-associated medically-attended visits among active duty personnel and their beneficiaries was 292 (95% CI: 258 to 326) and 93 (95% CI: 80 to 105) encounters per 10,000 persons, respectively. Rates were highest among beneficiaries <5 years of age with a median annual rate of 435 (range: 318 to 646) encounters per 10,000 children. Norovirus was estimated to cause 31% and 27% of all-cause gastroenteritis encounters in the active duty and beneficiary populations, respectively, with over 60% occurring between November and April. There was no evidence of any lag effect where norovirus disease occurred in one population before the other, or in one beneficiary age group before the others. Conclusions Norovirus is a major cause of medically-attended gastroenteritis among non-deployed US military active duty members as well as in their beneficiaries. PMID:27115602

  8. The Impact to NATO and the United States of the European Union’s Military Rapid-Reaction Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Orenstein , Ph.D. _________________________________________, Member Major Patrick R. Allen, M.A. Accepted this 31st day of May 2002 by...improving European military capabilities, 19 November. Accessed on-line, 2 February 2002, <http://www.defense-aerospace.com/data/verbatim/data/ve236> Evans ...1 Reynolds Ave., Building 111 Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-1352 5. Harold S. Orenstein , Ph.D. Combined Arms Doctrine Directorate ATTN: ATZL-FD-CD 1

  9. A Descriptive Study of Military Police Officer Graduates of the Master of Arts Program of Sam Houston State University

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-12-07

    Robert M. Factors Related to Felony Recidivism in Texas. (1970). Analyses a randomly selected group of recidivistic offenders to determine the...required for handling the diversity of offenders (Joint Commission, 1969). These changes were not only needed in civilian correctional systems but were...rehabilitation of military offenders (G.G. Kapral, personal communication, 17 October, 1991). This study will provide Department of the Army officials with

  10. State Political Culture, Higher Education Spending Indicators, and Undergraduate Graduation Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heck, Ronald H.; Lam, Wendy S.; Thomas, Scott L.

    2014-01-01

    Issues concerning higher education today (e.g., rising costs, declining public trust, changing state economics) have created new demands for postsecondary institutions to demonstrate their productivity. We examine whether differences in states' political cultures (i.e., underlying traditions, values, and public policy choices) are reflected…

  11. Chinese Culture in the United States of America; An Annotated Bibliography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanchez, Alberto R., Comp.

    Materials on the Chinese in the United States are listed and briefly reviewed. Works cited include bibliographies, general literature on the origin of Chinese culture and on the Chinese in the United States, and specialized works dealing with various aspects of Chinese American life. Entries for these specialized works are listed under the…

  12. A Cross-Cultural Study of Teachers' Instructional Practices in Singapore and the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanTassel-Baska, Joyce; Feng, Annie; MacFarlane, Bronwyn; Heng, Mary Anne; Teo, Chua Tee; Wong, Marie Linda; Quek, Chwee G.; Khong, Beng Choo

    2008-01-01

    This cross-cultural study, utilizing a structured instructional behavior rating form, examined distinguishing and comparable teaching practices in secondary gifted classrooms in Singapore and the United States. Teachers from Singapore (n = 67) and teachers from the United States (n = 33) in 5 subject domains including math, science, English,…

  13. State Policy and Guidance for Identifying Learning Disabilities in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Amy N.; Boynton Hauerwas, Laura; Brown, Rachel D.

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates how state Departments of Education address the needs of culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) students as they relate to the identification of students with a specific learning disability (SLD). A qualitative research design of directed content analysis was used to examine each state's regulatory criteria for SLD, as…

  14. Developing a Culture of Writing at Virginia State University: A New Writing Emphasis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Freddy L.

    2009-01-01

    Beginning in the fall of 2008 (and continuing through the spring of 2013), Virginia State University, America's first fully state supported four-year institution of higher learning for Blacks and one of two land-grant institutions in the Commonwealth of Virginia, launched a comprehensive and ambitious program to develop a culture of writing (and…

  15. The United States Special Operations Command Civil Military Engagement Program - A Model for Military-Interagency Low Cost / Small Footprint Activities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-02

    institutional and educational initiatives. 15. SUBJECT TERMS United States public diplomacy, doctrine and strategy; Foreign Internal Defense; Building...through institutional and educational initiatives. The purpose of the CME Program is to develop 1...46 CHAPTER 5:…………………………………………………………………………….51 Recommendations……………………………………………………………………..51 Education and Training...………………………………………………………...51

  16. 76 FR 49525 - Delegation by the Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs of Certain...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-10

    ... Delegation by the Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs of Certain Functions to the Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Educational and Cultural Affairs By virtue of the authority vested in me as the Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs,...

  17. Rebalancing the Military Profession

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-17

    of individual officers than the traditional ethics .”3 The authors contend this primacy of careerism over selfless service began during World War II...states the military officer, by virtue of being a professional with an oath of office and a code of ethics , is granted the moral autonomy to openly...War College on 18 April 1970, to analyze “the state of discipline, integrity, morality, ethics , and professionalism in the Army.”32 This

  18. Cross-cultural medical education in the United States: key principles and experiences.

    PubMed

    Betancourt, Joseph R; Cervantes, Marina C

    2009-09-01

    The field of cross-cultural care focuses on the ability to communicate effectively and provide quality health care to patients from diverse sociocultural backgrounds. In recent years, medical schools in the United States have increasingly recognized the growing importance of incorporating cross-cultural curricula into medical education. Cross-cultural medical education in the United States has emerged for four reasons: (1) the need for providers to have the skills to care for a diverse patient population; (2) the link between effective communication and health outcomes; (3) the presence of racial/ethnic disparities that are, in part, due to poor communication across cultures; and (4) medical school accreditation requirements. There are three major approaches to cross-cultural education: (1) the cultural sensitivity/awareness approach that focuses on attitudes; (2) the multicultural/categorical approach that focuses on knowledge; and (3) the cross-cultural approach that focuses on skills. The patient-based approach to cross-cultural care combines these three concepts into a framework that can be used to care for any patient, anytime, anywhere. Ultimately, if cross-cultural medical education is to evolve, students must believe it is important and understand that the categorical approach can lead to stereotyping; it should be taught using patient cases and highlighting clinical applications; it should be embedded in a longitudinal, developmentally appropriate fashion; and it should be integrated into the larger curriculum whenever possible. At the Harvard Medical School, we have tried to apply all of these lessons to our work, and we have started to develop a strategic integration process where we try to raise awareness, impart knowledge, and teach cross-cultural skills over the 4 years of schooling.

  19. [Turbidostat culture of yeast during transition from a resting state to active growth].

    PubMed

    Kaliuzhin, V A

    1991-01-01

    The age components of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae 14 culture and the kinetics of its growth were studied afer the quiescent state at the onset active growth. The following factors induced the quiescent state: the cessation of a chemostat flow for 24 h, growth inhibition with 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP) for 24 h, the storage of a culture growing on agar in a refrigerator during 24 h. The process of transition from the point of growth activation to the maximum rate of growth was then studied in turbidostat. This process took the shortest time in a refrigerated culture as well as in a culture that had been limited with a phosphorus source and in a culture limited with a nitrogen source and grown in chemostat at D = 0.26 h-1. The process was longer in cultures that had been either limited with glucose or inhibited with DNP and longest in a chemostat culture limited with a nitrogen source at D = 0.15 and 0.05 h-1. The rate of initial mitosis phases in the yeast is presumed to exert the greatest effect on the duration of this transition process.

  20. Patient safety culture in two Finnish state-run forensic psychiatric hospitals.

    PubMed

    Kuosmanen, Anssi; Tiihonen, Jari; Repo-Tiihonen, Eila; Eronen, Markku; Turunen, Hannele

    2013-01-01

    Safety culture refers to the way patient safety is regarded and implemented within an organization and the structures and procedures in place to support this. The aim of this study was to evaluate patient safety culture, identify areas for improvement, and establish a baseline for improving state hospitals in Finland. Cross-sectional design data were collected from two state-run forensic hospitals in Finland using an anonymous, Web-based survey targeted to hospital staff based on the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture questionnaire. The response rate was 43% (n = 283). The overall patient safety level was rated as excellent or very good by 58% of respondents. The highest positive grade was for "teamwork within units" (72%). The lowest rating was for "nonpunitive response to errors" (26% positive). Good opportunities for supplementary education had a statistically significant (p ≤ 0.05) effect on 9 of 12 Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture dimensions. Statistically significant (p ≤ 0.05) differences in patient safety culture were also found in the staff's educational background, manager status, and between the two hospitals. These findings suggest there are a number of patient safety problems related to cultural dimensions. Supplementary education was shown to be a highly significant factor in transforming patient safety culture and should therefore be taken into account alongside sufficient resources.

  1. The work-family interface in the United States and Singapore: conflict across cultures.

    PubMed

    Galovan, Adam M; Fackrell, Tamara; Buswell, Lydia; Jones, Blake L; Hill, E Jeffrey; Carroll, Sarah June

    2010-10-01

    This article examines the work-family interface in a cross-cultural comparison between two nationally representative samples from the United States (n = 1,860) and Singapore (n = 1,035) with emphasis on work-family conflict. Family-to-work conflict was negatively related to marital satisfaction in both Singapore and the United States, although the effect was stronger in the United States. Similarly, family-to-work conflict was positively related to job satisfaction in the United States but was negatively related in Singapore. As expected, schedule flexibility was negatively related to depression in the United States, but in Singapore the relationship was positive. These findings suggest that theoretical relationships in the work-family interface developed in the more culturally individualistic West may need to be adapted when studying populations in the more collectivist East.

  2. Characteristics of the Social Status of Students at Military Centers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karlova, E. N.

    2013-01-01

    Research on the motivations of Russian college students in military training centers and military departments, and cadets enrolled in military service academies shows that the first two occupy a marginal position. This is reflected in the ambiguity of their status and the fact that they are at the interface between two cultures, manifested in…

  3. Cognitive Apprenticeship in Military Teacher Induction: Facilitating the Transition from War Fighter to Educator at the United States Air Force Academy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swaim, Thomas T.

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative research study examined teacher induction in the military undergraduate education context. The U.S. Air Force Academy relies on approximately 520 military and civilian instructors to educate nearly 4000 future military officers each year. It is imperative to our nation's security that these educators be highly skilled and…

  4. Implementing the CASPiE course-based research experience at the United States Military Academy: Affective responses and effects on critical thinking

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chase, Anthony Michael

    The Center for Authentic Science Practices in Education (CASPiE) pioneered a course-based research experience approach to teaching chemistry laboratory courses. The method had previously been studied in a variety of institutional settings. Recently, the United States Military Academy at West Point decided to develop CASPiE-style modules for the introductory honors chemistry course. This research setting presents clean experimental-control comparisons and a group of faculty who were completely new to the method. Equipping students with authentic research experiences early in their education is important regardless of the institution. However, cadets at a military academy must make decisions relatively early (the outset of their second year) as to what their career trajectory will be as eventual officers. In the new CASPiE-based experience, cadets are given the opportunity to select from one of three different modules (analytical chemistry, toxicology, and chemical engineering) in which to participate during the course. These three modules represent subsections of an overall Army waste-to-energy research project. Cadets generate unique hypotheses, real data, and research posters towards the advancement of the project. Posters are then presented in a session. that includes an audience of project stakeholders, course instructors, and other academy faculty and staff. Here, I will present my research methods, evaluative procedures, and findings in the affective domain, critical thinking, and laboratory content comprehension.

  5. Military Civic Action in Colombia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-08-01

    llanos region to counter the growing Liberal forces. Also during this period the government formed and trained the police Battalion " Vargas " specifically...Guzmin Campos , Orlando Fals Borda, and Eduardo Umaia Luna, La violencia en Colombia: Estudio de un proceso social, 2d ed. (BogotA: Ediciones Tercer Mundo...military aid and training beginning in the late nineteenth century. Colombia received its first United States military advisor, Lieutenant Henry H

  6. Military Theory, Strategy, and Praxis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-01

    institutions. The conduct of network-centric warfare and precision strikes across the depth of the battlefield has introduced a new calculus (and...in the context of the Newtonian universe. Today’s military theorists confront a universe of quantum mechanics generating wicked problems. Good...position and out of the cities? How do you deal with non -state combatants? How does the civil population fit into the military calculations? The

  7. The Death of Military Justice

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    Department of Defense’s report regarding the repeal of Section 654. Thus, the report will have no power to mitigate the effects , because to restore or...will have no effect on those powers. Five findings discuss in general terms military service. Finding 4 states the primary purpose of the armed...importance of cohesion to military effectiveness . The remaining six findings, 2, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 14, are key, because they define the principles

  8. United States Indigenous Populations and Dementia: Is There a Case for Culture-based Psychosocial Interventions?

    PubMed

    Browne, Colette V; Ka'opua, Lana Sue; Jervis, Lori L; Alboroto, Richard; Trockman, Meredith L

    2016-04-05

    Dementia is an issue of increasing importance in indigenous populations in the United States. We begin by discussing what is known about dementia prevalence and elder family caregiving in American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian populations. We briefly highlight examples of culture-based programming developed to address a number of chronic diseases and conditions that disproportionately affect these communities. These programs have produced positive health outcomes in American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian populations and may have implications for research and practice in the dementia context of culture-based interventions. Evidence-based and culture-based psychosocial programming in dementia care for indigenous populations in the United States designed by the communities they intend to serve may offer elders and families the best potential for care that is accessible, respectful, and utilized.

  9. New business with the new military.

    PubMed

    Apgar, Mahlon; Keane, John M

    2004-09-01

    A $200 billion market has appeared on your business horizon, but you may not have noticed it. It's the U.S. military--the new U.S. military. Virtually all aspects of the military are changing to ensure it can fight unpredictable threats while sustaining the infrastructure needed to support and train forces. The military is turning to non-traditional business partners to meet a wide range of needs, from health care to housing to information technology. The Defense Department is yielding its monopoly on every aspect of national security and adopting a more businesslike model in which the military's warfighting capabilities are supported through outsourcing and business alliances. Civilians are replacing military personnel in many noncombat roles. Military functions with corporate equivalents are candidates for outsourcing and privatization. Market standards are replacing the heavy customization that has locked many companies out of this marketplace. The authors have participated in the transformation process from different perspectives--one civilian, the other military. Together, they highlight the prospects that transformation is creating for companies outside the traditional defense industry and reveal paths to success in this complex market. They also present six principles for doing business with the military that require persistence, integrity, and a willingness to master the intricacies of a distinctive culture. By understanding the logic of military transformation, executives can identify and create vast new business opportunities. And by mastering the six principles, they can build profitable long-term relationships.

  10. Culturally Conscious Curriculum: The Fight Between State and Federal Policies in Tucson

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blankenship, Ann E.; Locke, Leslie Ann

    2015-01-01

    This case study outlines the struggle for desegregation and the adoption of culturally responsive curricula in the Tucson Unified School District (TUSD) as it attempted to balance state politics and federal court oversight. The case offers a detailed illustration of the political and legal events that led up to the adoption, elimination, and…

  11. New insight and old dilemma: a cross-cultural comparison of Japan and the United States.

    PubMed

    Lebra, T S

    2000-01-01

    Conflict in close relationships, or "generative tension," characterizes both the United States and Japan, with differences only in the style and timing of its manifestation. The potentially fruitful strategy of Rothbaum et al.'s article is constrained by their cross-cultural comparative methodology.

  12. "The State of Chihuahua", Lesson Plan for "Cultural Unit: Focus on Mexico."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Llewellyn, Marianne

    This lesson plan was designed for students in Montana schools. The objectives for this culture unit are having: (1) students recognize the similarities between their home stat of Montana and the Mexican state of Chihuahua; (2) students learn about features unique to Chihuahua; and (3) students create an advertising brochure marketing Chihuahua to…

  13. Teaching at the University Level: Cross-Cultural Perspectives from the United States and Russia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiseman, Dennis G.; Hunt, Gilbert H.; Zhukov, Vassiliy I.; Mardahaev, Lev V.

    2007-01-01

    Interest in what constitutes effective teaching in Pre-K-12 and higher education is nearly universal. This important text explores this interest at the college and university level from a unique, international perspective. "Teaching at the University Level: Cross-Cultural Perspectives from the United States and Russia" brings to one…

  14. The importance of the viable but non-culturable state in human bacterial pathogens

    PubMed Central

    Li, Laam; Mendis, Nilmini; Trigui, Hana; Oliver, James D.; Faucher, Sebastien P.

    2014-01-01

    Many bacterial species have been found to exist in a viable but non-culturable (VBNC) state since its discovery in 1982. VBNC cells are characterized by a loss of culturability on routine agar, which impairs their detection by conventional plate count techniques. This leads to an underestimation of total viable cells in environmental or clinical samples, and thus poses a risk to public health. In this review, we present recent findings on the VBNC state of human bacterial pathogens. The characteristics of VBNC cells, including the similarities and differences to viable, culturable cells and dead cells, and different detection methods are discussed. Exposure to various stresses can induce the VBNC state, and VBNC cells may be resuscitated back to culturable cells under suitable stimuli. The conditions that trigger the induction of the VBNC state and resuscitation from it are summarized and the mechanisms underlying these two processes are discussed. Last but not least, the significance of VBNC cells and their potential influence on human health are also reviewed. PMID:24917854

  15. Distance Higher Education Experiences of Arab Gulf Students in the United States: A Cultural Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Harthi, Aisha S.

    2005-01-01

    This article reports on a phenomenological research study that was undertaken to provide cultural understanding about the nature of distance education experiences of Arab graduate students pursuing degree programs in the United States. As a theoretical framework, Hofstede's international difference dimensions and Hall's concept of low and high…

  16. "Their Little Wooden Bricks": A History of the Material Culture of Kindergarten in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prochner, Larry

    2011-01-01

    This article explores the material culture of kindergarten in the United States in relation to the production and consumption of materials and kindergarten theory and pedagogy. The focus is on Friedrich Froebel's building gifts as they were manufactured and sold by the Milton Bradley Company from 1869 to 1939. A review of trade catalogues over the…

  17. 32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Civil-military cooperative programs. 634.42...-military cooperative programs. (a) State-Armed Forces Traffic Workshop Program. This program is an organized effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities throughout a State or...

  18. 32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Civil-military cooperative programs. 634.42...-military cooperative programs. (a) State-Armed Forces Traffic Workshop Program. This program is an organized effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities throughout a State or...

  19. 32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Civil-military cooperative programs. 634.42...-military cooperative programs. (a) State-Armed Forces Traffic Workshop Program. This program is an organized effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities throughout a State or...

  20. Functional status after blast-plus-impact complex concussive traumatic brain injury in evacuated United States military personnel.

    PubMed

    MacDonald, Christine L; Johnson, Ann M; Nelson, Elliot C; Werner, Nicole J; Fang, Raymond; Flaherty, Stephen F; Brody, David L

    2014-05-15

    Fundamental questions remain unanswered about the longitudinal impact of blast-plus-impact complex traumatic brain injuries (TBI) from wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. This prospective, observational study investigated measures of clinical outcome in US military personnel evacuated to Landstuhl Regional Medical Center (LRMC) in Germany after such "blast-plus" concussive TBIs. Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended assessments completed 6-12 months after injury indicated a moderate overall disability in 41/47 (87%) blast-plus TBI subjects and a substantial but smaller number (11/18, 61%, p=0.018) of demographically similar US military controls without TBI evacuated for other medical reasons. Cognitive function assessed with a neuropsychological test battery was not different between blast-plus TBI subjects and controls; performance of both groups was generally in the normal range. No subject was found to have focal neurological deficits. However, 29/47 (57%) of blast-plus subjects with TBI met all criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) versus 5/18 (28%) of controls (p=0.014). PTSD was highly associated with overall disability; 31/34 patients with PTSD versus 19/31 patients who did not meet full PTSD criteria had moderate to severe disability (p=0.0003). Symptoms of depression were also more severe in the TBI group (p=0.05), and highly correlated with PTSD severity (r=0.86, p<0.0001). Thus, in summary, high rates of PTSD and depression but not cognitive impairment or focal neurological deficits were observed 6-12 months after concussive blast-plus-impact complex TBI. Overall disability was substantially greater than typically reported in civilian non-blast concussive ("mild") patients with TBI, even with polytrauma. The relationship between these clinical outcomes and specific blast-related aspects of brain injuries versus other combat-related factors remains unknown.

  1. New York Operation: Military Kids Afterschool Universe Cosmic Camps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schaff, N.

    2010-08-01

    The Cornell Center for Radiophysics and Space Research education and public outreach program and the New York State Operation: Military Kids program partnered to plan four weekend "Cosmic Camps" for youth from military families using the NASA Afterschool Universe program.

  2. Face and Facework in Conflict: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of China, Germany, Japan, and the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oetzel, John; Ting-Toomey, Stella; Masumoto, Tomoko; Yokochi, Yumiko; Pan, Xiaohui; Takai, Jiro; Wilcox, Richard

    2001-01-01

    Investigates face and facework during conflicts among undergraduate students across four national cultures: China, Germany, Japan, and the United States. Presents major findings concerning self-construals; power distance; individualistic, small-power distance cultures; large-power distance cultures; and relational closeness and status. Discusses…

  3. The Type of Culture at a High Performance Schools and Low Performance School in the State of Kedah

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daud, Yaakob; Raman, Arumugam; Don, Yahya; O. F., Mohd Sofian; Hussin, Fauzi

    2015-01-01

    This research aims to identify the type of culture at a High Performance School (HPS) and Low Performance School (LPS) in the state of Kedah. The research instrument used to measure the type of organizational culture was adapted from Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument (Cameron & Quinn, 2006) based on Competing Values Framework Quinn…

  4. Counseling and Connecting with the Military Undergraduate: The Intersection of Military Service and University Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonar, Ted C.; Domenici, Paula L.

    2011-01-01

    The majority of military undergraduates at universities are National Guard and Reserve personnel and prior-service military veterans, all difficult to identify on campus. These students face unique cultural challenges. Though the academic literature primarily addresses disability services and administrative programs often focus on "wounded…

  5. To Design or Not to Design (Part Four): Taking Lines out of Non-Linear; How Design Must Escape ’Tacticization’ Bias of Military Culture

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-05

    also sent them back to school to study their very profession the hard way, by abstract meditation , profound reading, and reflective learning...them in the classrooms and textbooks because they are easier to understand.” 24 Military organizations model most learning through the reductionist

  6. Supporting Student Veterans: Utilizing Game-Based Role-Plays with Virtual Humans to Build Military Cultural Competency and Helping Behaviors in Faculty and Staff

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cate, Chris A.; Albright, Glenn

    2015-01-01

    Veterans and military service members enter the classroom with valuable life and leadership experience; however, transitioning to student life represents unique challenges. Like the larger veteran population, student veterans may bring to campus the negative aftereffects of their combat experiences in the form of post-traumatic stress, substance…

  7. [Civilian-military coordination].

    PubMed

    de Montravel, G

    2002-01-01

    Current humanitarian emergencies create complex, mutidimensional situations that stimulate simultaneous responses from a wide variety of sources including governments, non-governmental organizations (NGO), United Nations agencies, and private individuals. As a result, it has become essential to establish a coherent framework in which each actor can contribute promptly and effectively to the overall effort. This is the role of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Regardless of the circumstances and level of coordination, cooperation and collaboration between humanitarian and military personnel, it is necessary to bear in mind their objectives. The purpose of humanitarian action is to reduce human suffering. The purpose of military intervention is to stop warfare. The author of this article will discuss the three major obstacles to civilian-military coordination (strategic, tactical, and operational). Operations cannot be conducted smoothly and differences cannot be ironed out without mutual respect between the two parties, an explicit definition of their respective duties and responsibilities, a clear understanding of their cultural differences, and the presence of an organization and facilities for coordination and arbitrage by a neutral referee.

  8. Approaches to death and dying: a cultural comparison of Turkey and the United States.

    PubMed

    Beaty, Darla D

    2015-01-01

    Three principles that guide the bioethics movement in the United States and other Western societies apply to the approaches of death and dying in both the United States and Turkey. These three principles, Autonomy, Beneficence, and justice, are reflected in the practices of people in both countries. The issue of autonomy is of greater concern to those in the United States, while decisions are made entirely with family and physician involvement in Turkey. Beneficence and Justice can be identified as ethical issues in both countries. Similarities with end-of-life experiences are linked by faith-based beliefs of Islam and Christianity. Differences in sociocultural influences, such as policies about advance directives in the United States, account for differences in end-of-life decision making. This article examines the spiritual, cultural, legal, and political factors that inform the experience of people in Turkey and in the United States when death is at hand.

  9. The ambiguities of disciplinary professionalization: The state and cultural dynamics of Canadian inter-war anthropology.

    PubMed

    Nurse, Andrew

    2007-01-01

    The professionalization of Canadian anthropology in the first half of the twentieth century was tied closely to the matrix of the federal state, first though the Anthropology Division of the Geological Survey of Canada and then the National Museum. State anthropologists occupied an ambiguous professional status as both civil servants and anthropologists committed to the methodological and disciplinary imperatives of modern social science but bounded and guided by the operation of the civil service. Their position within the state served to both advance disciplinary development but also compromised disciplinary autonomy. To address the boundaries the state imposed on its support for anthropology, state anthropologists cultivated cultural, intellectual, and commercially-oriented networks that served to sustain new developments in their field, particularly in folklore. This essay examines these dynamics and suggests that anthropology's disciplinary development did not create a disjuncture between professionalized scholarship and civil society.

  10. Military Strategy,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1968-01-01

    with a grass surface. This aircraft has the following cal- culated characteristics: maximum «peed 2500-2700 km/hour, service cell - ing up to...mobi- lisation of all the national resources to repel the enemy, and the systematic growth of the technical equipment of our Armed Forces. For...bombers. Cannon- machlnegun aircraft weapons have been replaced by rocket weapons. In recent years the speed and celling of military planes has

  11. Intracellular CHO Cell Metabolite Profiling Reveals Steady-State Dependent Metabolic Fingerprints in Perfusion Culture.

    PubMed

    Karst, Daniel J; Steinhoff, Robert F; Kopp, Marie R G; Serra, Elisa; Soos, Miroslav; Zenobi, Renato; Morbidelli, Massimo

    2016-12-20

    Perfusion cell culture processes allow the steady-state culture of mammalian cells at high viable cell density, which is beneficial for overall product yields and homogeneity of product quality in the manufacturing of therapeutic proteins. In this study, the extent of metabolic steady state and the change of the metabolite profile between different steady states of an industrial Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line producing a monoclonal antibody (mAb) was investigated in stirred tank perfusion bioreactors. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) of daily cell extracts revealed more than a hundred peaks, among which 76 metabolites were identified by tandem MS (MS/MS) and high resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) MS. Nucleotide ratios (Uridine (U)-ratio, nucleotide triphosphate (NTP)-ratio and energy charge (EC)) and multivariate analysis of all features indicated a consistent metabolite profile for a stable culture performed at 40 × 10(6) cells/mL over 26 days of culture. Conversely, the reactor was operated continuously so as to reach three distinct steady states one after the other at 20, 60, and 40 × 10(6) cells/mL. In each case, a stable metabolite profile was achieved after an initial transient phase of approximately three days at constant cell density when varying between these set points. Clear clustering according to cell density was observed by principal component analysis, indicating steady-state dependent metabolite profiles. In particular, varying levels of nucleotides, nucleotide sugar, and lipid precursors explained most of the variance between the different cell density set points. © 2016 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 2016.

  12. Does culture affect divorce? evidence from European immigrants in the United States.

    PubMed

    Furtado, Delia; Marcén, Miriam; Sevilla, Almudena

    2013-06-01

    This article explores the role of culture in determining divorce by examining country-of-origin differences in divorce rates of immigrants in the United States. Because childhood-arriving immigrants are all exposed to a common set of U.S. laws and institutions, we interpret relationships between their divorce tendencies and home-country divorce rates as evidence of the effect of culture. Our results are robust to controlling for several home-country variables, including average church attendance and gross domestic product (GDP). Moreover, specifications with country-of-origin fixed effects suggest that immigrants from countries with low divorce rates are especially less likely to be divorced if they reside among a large number of coethnics. Supplemental analyses indicate that divorce culture has a stronger impact on the divorce decisions of females than of males, pointing to a potentially gendered nature of divorce taboos.

  13. A Study of the Need for Cross-Cultural Capability Development in the Members of the United States Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-06-16

    burning ,a US psychological operations team broadcast information regarding the burning to local villages and mountain areas where they suspected enemy...fight on one block, humanitarian assistance on the next block, peace operations two blocks over, and psychological and 31 information operations...analysis in chapter 4 of this study. The detailed analysis and subsequent synthesis of data in chapter 4 represents a comprehensive alchemy of the data

  14. National Military Family Association

    MedlinePlus

    ... have good news and bad news for military families. MORE Military Families Brace for What’s Next In Syria President Trump ordered an airstrike in Syria leaving military families wondering what's next. More April is the Month ...

  15. Culture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1997

    Twelve conference papers on cultural aspects of second language instruction include: "Towards True Multiculturalism: Ideas for Teachers" (Brian McVeigh); Comparing Cultures Through Critical Thinking: Development and Interpretations of Meaningful Observations" (Laurel D. Kamada); "Authority and Individualism in Japan and the…

  16. Microchemostat array with small-volume fraction replenishment for steady-state microbial culture.

    PubMed

    Park, Jaewon; Wu, Jianzhang; Polymenis, Michael; Han, Arum

    2013-11-07

    A chemostat is a bioreactor in which microorganisms can be cultured at steady-state by controlling the rate of culture medium inflow and waste outflow, thus maintaining media composition over time. Even though many microbial studies could greatly benefit from studying microbes in steady-state conditions, high instrument cost, complexity, and large reagent consumption hamper the routine use of chemostats. Microfluidic-based chemostats (i.e. microchemostats) can operate with significantly smaller reagent consumption while providing accurate chemostatic conditions at orders of magnitude lower cost compared to conventional chemostats. Also, microchemostats have the potential to significantly increase the throughput by integrating arrays of microchemostats. We present a microchemostat array with a unique two-depth culture chamber design that enables small-volume fraction replenishment of culture medium as low as 1% per replenishment cycle in a 250 nl volume. A system having an array of 8 microchemostats on a 40 × 60 mm(2) footprint could be automatically operated in parallel by a single controller unit as a demonstration for potential high throughput microbial studies. The model organism, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, successfully reached a stable steady-state of different cell densities as a demonstration of the chemostatic functionality by programming the dilution rates. Chemostatic functionality of the system was further confirmed by quantifying the budding index as a function of dilution rate, a strong indicator of growth-dependent cell division. In addition, the small-volume fraction replenishment feature minimized the cell density fluctuation during the culture. The developed system provides a robust, low-cost, and higher throughput solution to furthering studies in microbial physiology.

  17. Is Military Science Scientific?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    84 Commentary / Is Military Science “Scientific”? JFQ 75, 4th Quarter 2014 Is Military Science “Scientific”? By Glenn Voelz T he term military ...definition. This vague categorization is somewhat reflective of the term’s diminished status from its 19th-century usage when Military Science was... military theory. A second factor, rapid industrialization, firmly established science and technology as the central pillars of American military power and

  18. Infectious Mononucleosis at the United States Military Academy. A Prospective Study of a Single Class Over Four Years 1

    PubMed Central

    Hallee, T. James; Evans, Alfred S.; Niederman, James C.; Brooks, Charles M.; Voegtly, John H.

    1974-01-01

    A prospective study of EB virus infections was initiated in July, 1969 in the entering class of 1401 cadets, at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y. and continued over 4 yr. On entry 63.5% possessed EBV antibody and 36.5 lacked EBV antibody. The rate of antibody prevalence varied with the geographic area from which the cadet originated. Except in two cadets already ill on first bleeding no evidence of clinical infectious mononucleosis (I.M.) occurred over the 4 yr period in the 890 cadets entering the Academy with EBV antibody. Among 437 cadets without antibody on entry, 54 or 12.4% were infected (seroconverted) in the freshman year; 15 of these had clinical I.M., 12 had suggestive I.M., and 39 had no known mono-like illness. The annual infection rates in susceptible cadets in the second, third, and fourth years were 24.4, 15.1, and 30.8 per 100, respectively. Of 201 cadets infected with EBV over 4 yr only 26.4% were manifested by heterophile positive clinical infectious mononucleosis. Overall, 46% of the 437 cadets entering without EBV antibody became infected over 40 mo of serologic observation; definite clinical infectious mononucleosis developed in 53 cadets, a clinical attack rate of 12.1 per 100 for 4 yr. The EBV infection rate among exposed and susceptible roommates of known cases was no higher than in roommates not so exposed. Elevations of EBV-specific and total IgM occurred during acute illness and disappeared in late convalescence. Total IgG and IgA levels were less commonly elevated. EBV-specific-IgM antibody was demonstrable during the acute illness but was absent 12 mo later. Analysis of EBV infection rates revealed no difference among persons of different ABO blood groups. PMID:4374836

  19. Some Major Contributions of the Military to the Field of Adult and Continuing Education in the United States (A Work in Progress).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Clinton L.; Kime, Steve F.

    The U.S. military has made numerous important contributions to the development of adult and continuing education. As in civilian adult education, military innovations in education have consistently used workplace learning. The educational benefits produced by the GI Bill democratized education by exploding the myth that "common" people…

  20. Satellite vegetation index data as a tool to forecast population dynamics of medically important mosquitoes at military installations in the continental United States.

    PubMed

    Britch, Seth C; Linthicum, Kenneth J; Anyamba, Assaf; Tucker, Compton J; Pak, Edwin W; Maloney, Francis A; Cobb, Kristin; Stanwix, Erin; Humphries, Jeri; Spring, Alexandra; Pagac, Benedict; Miller, Melissa

    2008-07-01

    The United States faces many existing and emerging mosquito-borne disease threats, such as West Nile virus and Rift Valley fever. An important component of strategic prevention and control plans for these and other mosquito-borne diseases is forecasting the distribution, timing, and abundance of mosquito vector populations. Populations of many medically important mosquito species are closely tied to climate, and historical climate-population associations may be used to predict future population dynamics. Using 2003-2005 U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine mosquito surveillance data, we looked at populations of several known mosquito vectors of West Nile virus, as well as possible mosquito vectors of Rift Valley fever virus, at continental U.S. military installations. We compared population changes with concurrent patterns for a satellite-derived index of climate (normalized difference vegetation index) and observed instances of population changes appearing to be direct responses to climate. These preliminary findings are important first steps in developing an automated, climate-driven, early warning system to flag regions of the United States at elevated risk of mosquito-borne disease transmission.

  1. USAWC (United States Army War College) Military Studies Program Paper. The Ingredients of Deterrence: Theory, Practice, and Implications.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-26

    country. In its simplest genre , deterrence amounts to the threat of one state to punish another state in order to keep the latter from acting against the...Deterrence Thirty Years Later - What Has Changed? Villars, Switzerland: International Institute for Strategic StudiesTwenty-first Annual Conference, 6

  2. 75 FR 19877 - Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who Are Assigned Outside the United States in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-16

    ... Assigned Outside the United States in Support of U.S. Armed Forces Operations AGENCY: Federal Aviation... in support of U.S. Armed Forces operations. SFAR 100-2 also continues to allow FSDOs to accept... outside the United States in support of U.S. Armed Forces operations. This action is necessary to...

  3. Military Base Closures: Implementing the 2005 Round

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-05-09

    private partnerships ; and (3) consider exchanging military land with private developers in return for building new base facilities. In another example, a...Force Base. Other grants have been awarded to (1) establish links between military bases and state universities; (2) utilize the potential for public

  4. 77 FR 66515 - Military Family Month, 2012

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-06

    ... Month, 2012 By the President of the United States of America A Proclamation Since our Nation's earliest... Military Family Month, we honor our military families and recommit to showing them the fullest care and... who have perished in the line of duty. This month, we reaffirm that we will always lift up...

  5. Adenovirus Serotype 14 Pneumonia at a Basic Military Training Site in the United States, Spring 2007: A Case Series

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    adenovirus serotype 14 were studied retrospectively. The clinical picture was characterized by cough (88.9%) and sputum production (77.8%). All...hospitalized patients with the combination of fever, productive cough , normal WBC, a differential showing high monocytes and low lymphocytes in an...and cough or sore throat)" and were sent to the NHRC and/or AFIOH for analysis. These speci- mens were analyzed through culture-based testing and PCR

  6. Disrupted modular organization of resting-state cortical functional connectivity in U.S. military personnel following concussive 'mild' blast-related traumatic brain injury.

    PubMed

    Han, Kihwan; Mac Donald, Christine L; Johnson, Ann M; Barnes, Yolanda; Wierzechowski, Linda; Zonies, David; Oh, John; Flaherty, Stephen; Fang, Raymond; Raichle, Marcus E; Brody, David L

    2014-01-01

    Blast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been one of the "signature injuries" of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. However, neuroimaging studies in concussive 'mild' blast-related TBI have been challenging due to the absence of abnormalities in computed tomography or conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the heterogeneity of the blast-related injury mechanisms. The goal of this study was to address these challenges utilizing single-subject, module-based graph theoretic analysis of resting-state functional MRI (fMRI) data. We acquired 20min of resting-state fMRI in 63 U.S. military personnel clinically diagnosed with concussive blast-related TBI and 21 U.S. military controls who had blast exposures but no diagnosis of TBI. All subjects underwent an initial scan within 90days post-injury and 65 subjects underwent a follow-up scan 6 to 12months later. A second independent cohort of 40 U.S. military personnel with concussive blast-related TBI served as a validation dataset. The second independent cohort underwent an initial scan within 30days post-injury. 75% of the scans were of good quality, with exclusions primarily due to excessive subject motion. Network analysis of the subset of these subjects in the first cohort with good quality scans revealed spatially localized reductions in the participation coefficient, a measure of between-module connectivity, in the TBI patients relative to the controls at the time of the initial scan. These group differences were less prominent on the follow-up scans. The 15 brain areas with the most prominent reductions in the participation coefficient were next used as regions of interest (ROIs) for single-subject analyses. In the first TBI cohort, more subjects than would be expected by chance (27/47 versus 2/47 expected, p<0.0001) had 3 or more brain regions with abnormally low between-module connectivity relative to the controls on the initial scans. On the follow-up scans, more subjects than expected by chance (5

  7. Security Culture in Times of War: How Did the Balkan War Affect the Security Cultures in Germany and United States?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-01

    like to thank Professor Rafael Biermann and Professor Donald Abenheim for their ongoing support and guidance as thesis advisors and for sharing their...relevant to the increasingly shared security culture among actors in the transitional process. The basic insight is this: culture matters in world...security cultures and changed policy choices. The thesis focuses on two components of security cultures, the shared perception of the use of force and

  8. A direct protein kinase B-targeted anti-inflammatory activity of cordycepin from artificially cultured fruit body of Cordyceps militaris

    PubMed Central

    Yoon, Ju Young; Kim, Ji Hye; Baek, Kwang-Soo; Kim, Geum Soog; Lee, Seung Eun; Lee, Dae Young; Choi, Je Hun; Kim, Seung Yu; Park, Hyun Bong; Sung, Gi-Ho; Lee, Kang Ro; Cho, Jae Youl; Noh, Hyung Jun

    2015-01-01

    Background: Cordyceps militaris is one of well-known medicinal mushrooms with anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, and anti-obesity activities. Objective: The objective of the following study is to isolate chemical components from the ethanol extract (Cm-EE) from Cordyceps militaris and to evaluate their anti-inflammatory activities. Materials and Methods: Column chromatographic separation was performed and anti-inflammatory roles of these compounds were also examined by using NO production and protein kinase B (AKT) activity assays. Results: From Cm-EE, 13 constituents, including trehalose (1), cordycepin (2), 6-hydroxyethyladenosine (3), nicotinic amide (4), butyric acid (5), β-dimorphecolic acid (6), α-dimorphecolic acid (7), palmitic acid (8), linoleic acid (9), cordycepeptide A (10), 4-(2-hydroxy-3-((9E,12E)-octadeca-9,12-dienoyloxy)propoxy)-2-(trimethylammonio)butanoate (11), 4-(2-hydroxy-3-(palmitoyloxy)propoxy)-2-(trimethylammonio)butanoate (12), and linoleic acid methyl ester (13) were isolated. Of these components, compound 2 displayed a significant inhibitory effect on NO production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW264.7 cells. Furthermore, this compound strongly and directly suppressed the kinase activity of AKT, an essential signalling enzyme in LPS-induced NO production, by interacting with its ATP binding site. Conclusion: C. militaris could have anti-inflammatory activity mediated by cordycepin-induced suppression of AKT. PMID:26246722

  9. Narcissism and United States' culture: The view from home and around the world.

    PubMed

    Miller, Joshua D; Maples, Jessica L; Buffardi, Laura; Cai, Huajian; Gentile, Brittany; Kisbu-Sakarya, Yasemin; Kwan, Virginia S Y; LoPilato, Alex; Pendry, Louise F; Sedikides, Constantine; Siedor, Lane; Campbell, W Keith

    2015-12-01

    The issue of Americans' levels of narcissism is subject to lively debate. The focus of the present research is on the perception of national character (PNC) of Americans as a group. In Study 1, American adults (N = 100) rated Americans as significantly more narcissistic than they perceived themselves and acquaintances. In Study 2, this finding was replicated with American college students (N = 322). PNC ratings of personality traits and externalizing behaviors revealed that Americans were perceived as disagreeable and antisocial as well. In Study 3, we examined the broader characteristics associated with PNC ratings (N = 183). Americans rated the typical American as average on a variety of characteristics (e.g., wealth, education, health, likability) and PNC ratings of narcissism were largely unrelated to these ratings. In Study 4 (N = 1,202) Americans rated PNCs for different prespecified groups of Americans; as expected, PNC ratings of narcissism differed by gender, age, and occupational status such that American males, younger Americans, and Americans working in high-visibility and status occupations were seen as more narcissistic. In Study 5 (N = 733), citizens of 4 other world regions (Basque Country, China, England, Turkey) rated members of their own region as more narcissistic than they perceived themselves, but the effect sizes were smaller than those found in the case of Americans' perceptions of Americans. Additionally, members of these other regions rated Americans as more narcissistic than members of their own region. Finally, in Study 6, participants from around the world (N = 377) rated Americans as more narcissistic, extraverted, and antagonistic than members of their own countries. We discuss the role that America's position as a global economic and military power, paired with a culture that creates and reifies celebrity figures, may play in leading to perceptions of Americans as considerably narcissistic.

  10. Culture and Difference. Critical Perspectives on the Bicultural Experience in the United States. Critical Studies in Education and Culture Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darder, Antonia, Ed.

    The teaching and politics of cultural difference and identity are explored in these essays, which examine the possibilities of living with cultural differences through new ethical and pedagogical frameworks. The following chapters are included: (1) "Introduction. The Politics of Biculturalism: Culture and Difference in the Formation of…

  11. 22 CFR 120.7 - Significant military equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Significant military equipment. 120.7 Section 120.7 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.7 Significant military equipment. (a) Significant military equipment means articles...

  12. 22 CFR 120.7 - Significant military equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Significant military equipment. 120.7 Section 120.7 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.7 Significant military equipment. (a) Significant military equipment means articles...

  13. 22 CFR 120.7 - Significant military equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Significant military equipment. 120.7 Section 120.7 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.7 Significant military equipment. (a) Significant military equipment means articles...

  14. 22 CFR 120.7 - Significant military equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Significant military equipment. 120.7 Section 120.7 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.7 Significant military equipment. (a) Significant military equipment means articles...

  15. Civil-Military Relations: Has the Balance Been Lost?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    balance in civil-military relations took hold in the United States. While the seed was planted during the period of early American colonization , it...want to do is reconnect America to its military.” —William S. Cohen, Secretary of Defense, 1999 “On the contrary, a continuing gap between military

  16. Behavior of transition state regulator AbrB in batch cultures of Bacillus thuringiensis.

    PubMed

    Lozano Goné, Astrid Magdalena; Dinorín Téllez Girón, Jabel; Jiménez Montejo, Fabiola Eloisa; Hidalgo-Lara, María Eugenia; López Y López, Víctor Eric

    2014-11-01

    The transition state regulator AbrB is involved in the regulation of various cellular functions such as exponential growth, transition state and sporulation onset, due to its ability to activate, suppress or prevent the inappropriate expression of various genes in Bacillus subtilis. In order to understand combined behavior in batch cultures of AbrB in Bacillus thuringiensis, we cloned and expressed the abrB gene of B. thuringiensis in Escherichia coli. The deduced sequence of abrB gene coded for a protein consisting of 94 amino acids with ~10.5 kDa protein that shares 100 and 85 % identity with those from Bacillus cereus and Bacillus subtilis. The recombinant AbrB protein was used as antigen for the production of rabbit polyclonal antibodies anti-AbrB. Two media cultures with carbon: nitrogen ratios of 7.0, but varying access to nutrients were tested in batch cultures. In the case of both media, AbrB accumulation occurred from the beginning of the process and was maximal during early exponential growth. Thereafter, the level of AbrB decreased when there were no nutrient limitations and coincided with a decreased value in specific growth rate, although growth continued exponentially. Nonetheless, sporulation onset was determined 3 h and 4 h later, in media with highly metabolizable nutrients clean medium and Farrera medium, respectively. Hence, the maximal level of AbrB accumulation in batch cultures of B. thuringiensis is not influenced by limiting nutrients; however, nutrient availability affects the required time lapse for transition state regulator accumulation.

  17. United States Service Academy Admissions: Selecting for Success at the Military Academy/West Point and as an Officer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    selected extracurricular activities (each worth 600 points). Participation in Boys / Girls Nation. 700 High school class president. Editor-in-chief of...a school publication. Participation in Boys / Girls State, president of National Honor Society or recipient of a national or state award. Eagle Scout... Boy Scouts) or Gold Award ( Girl Scouts). Triple participation or honors and awards in selected extracurricular activities (each worth 500 points

  18. The military and the transition to adulthood.

    PubMed

    Kelty, Ryan; Kleykamp, Meredith; Segal, David R

    2010-01-01

    Ryan Kelty, Meredith Kleykamp, and David Segal examine the effect of military service on the transition to adulthood. They highlight changes since World War II in the role of the military in the lives of young adults, focusing especially on how the move from a conscription to an all-volunteer military has changed the way military service affects youths' approach to adult responsibilities. The authors note that today's all-volunteer military is both career-oriented and family-oriented, and they show how the material and social support the military provides to young servicemen and women promotes responsible membership in family relationships and the wider community. As a result, they argue, the transition to adulthood, including economic independence from parents, is more stable and orderly for military personnel than for their civilian peers. At the same time, they stress that serving in the military in a time of war holds dangers for young adults. The authors examine four broad areas of military service, focusing in each on how men and women in uniform today make the transition to adulthood. They begin by looking at the social characteristics of those who serve, especially at differences in access to the military and its benefits by socio-demographic characteristics, such as age, gender, race and ethnicity, social class, and sexual orientation. Military service also has important effects on family formation, including the timing of marriage and parenthood, family structure, and the influence of military culture on families. Family formation among servicemen and women, the authors observe, is earlier and more stable than among civilians of the same age. The authors then consider the educational and employment consequences of service. Finally, they scrutinize the dangers of military service during times of war and examine the physical and psychological effects of wartime military service. They also note the sexual trauma endured both by male and female military

  19. Synchronous environmental and cultural change in the prehistory of the northeastern United States.

    PubMed

    Munoz, Samuel E; Gajewski, Konrad; Peros, Matthew C

    2010-12-21

    Climatic changes during the late Quaternary have resulted in substantial, often abrupt, rearrangements of terrestrial ecosystems, but the relationship between these environmental changes and prehistoric human culture and population size remains unclear. Using a database of archaeological radiocarbon dates alongside a network of paleoecological records (sedimentary pollen and charcoal) and paleoclimatic reconstructions, we show that periods of cultural and demographic change in the northeastern United States occurred at the same times as the major environmental-climatic transitions of that region. At 11.6, 8.2, 5.4, and 3.0 kyr BP (10(3) calendar years before present), changes in forest composition altered the distribution, availability, and predictability of food resources which triggered technological adjustments manifested in the archaeological record. Human population level has varied in response to these external changes in ecosystems, but the adoption of maize agriculture during the late Holocene also resulted in a substantial population increase. This study demonstrates the long-term interconnectedness of prehistoric human cultures and the ecosystems they inhabited, and provides a consolidated environmental-cultural framework from which more interdisciplinary research and discussion can develop. Moreover, it emphasizes the complex nature of human responses to environmental change in a temperate region.

  20. Biodegradation of Palm Kernel Cake by Cellulolytic and Hemicellulolytic Bacterial Cultures through Solid State Fermentation

    PubMed Central

    Alshelmani, Mohamed Idris; Loh, Teck Chwen; Foo, Hooi Ling; Lau, Wei Hong; Sazili, Awis Qurni

    2014-01-01

    Four cellulolytic and hemicellulolytic bacterial cultures were purchased from the Leibniz Institute DSMZ-German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Culture (DSMZ) and the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC). Two experiments were conducted; the objective of the first experiment was to determine the optimum time period required for solid state fermentation (SSF) of palm kernel cake (PKC), whereas the objective of the second experiment was to investigate the effect of combinations of these cellulolytic and hemicellulolytic bacteria on the nutritive quality of the PKC. In the first experiment, the SSF was lasted for 12 days with inoculum size of 10% (v/w) on different PKC to moisture ratios. In the second experiment, fifteen combinations were created among the four microbes with one untreated PKC as a control. The SSF lasted for 9 days, and the samples were autoclaved, dried, and analyzed for proximate analysis. Results showed that bacterial cultures produced high enzymes activities at the 4th day of SSF, whereas their abilities to produce enzymes tended to be decreased to reach zero at the 8th day of SSF. Findings in the second experiment showed that hemicellulose and cellulose was significantly (P < 0.05) decreased, whereas the amount of reducing sugars were significantly (P < 0.05) increased in the fermented PKC (FPKC) compared with untreated PKC. PMID:25019097

  1. Cultural perspectives on aging and well-being: a comparison of Japan and the United States.

    PubMed

    Karasawa, Mayumi; Curhan, Katherine B; Markus, Hazel Rose; Kitayama, Shinobu S; Love, Gayle Dienberg; Radler, Barry T; Ryff, Carol D

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated age differences in multiple aspects of psychological well-being among midlife and older adults in Japan (N = 482) and the United States (N = 3,032) to test the hypothesis that older Japanese adults would rate aspects of their well-being (personal growth, purpose in life, positive relations with others) more highly that older U.S. adults. Partial support was found: older adults in Japan showed higher scores on personal growth compared to midlife adults, whereas the opposite age pattern was found in the United States. However, purpose in life showed lower scores for older adults in both cultural contexts. Interpersonal well-being, as hypothesized, was rated significantly higher, relative to the overall well-being, among Japanese compared to U.S. respondents, but only among younger adults. Women in both cultures showed higher interpersonal well-being, but also greater negative affect compared with men. Suggestions for future inquiries to advance understanding of aging and well-being in distinct cultural contexts are detailed.

  2. The Absurdity of Moderation in War: Is Military Force a Credible Means to Compel United States Political Will in the 21st Century?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-01

    tolerances of United States (U.S.) society. However, these constraints are not the direct result of U.S social intolerance or even the nation’s founding...as their indigenous adversaries. Due to cultural incompatibility with the indigenous people and the existential nature of the threat they presented...this very concern. Relative intolerance for casualties in the U.S. “can be largely accounted for by several factors: the strength of American

  3. Military Sexual Trauma

    MedlinePlus

    Military Sexual Trauma What is military sexual trauma (MST)? Military sexual trauma, or MST, is the term used by VA to refer to experiences of sexual assault ... that a Veteran experienced during his or her military service. The definition used by the VA comes ...

  4. Differentiation state affects morphine induced cell regulation in neuroblastoma cultured cells.

    PubMed

    Fiore, Giovina; Ghelardini, Carla; Bruni, Giancarlo; Guarna, Massimo; Bianchi, Enrica

    2013-10-25

    Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common extracranial solid cancer in childhood and the most common cancer in infancy. Our purpose was to investigate in vitro how cancer cell survival occurs in presence of morphine in undifferentiated and differentiated SHSY-5Y human neuroblastoma cultured cell line. Exposure of differentiated cells to morphine dose-dependently induced apoptosis in these cells through c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)/caspase pathway. Otherwise, morphine induced activation for mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway, caused positive regulation of cell survival in undifferentiated cells. Therefore, cell differentiation state bimodally affects the cellular regulation activity triggered by morphine in isolated cultured neuroblastoma cells raising concerns about the application of morphine to this type of cancer patients.

  5. Former military officers from the Republic of Vietnam now living in the united states (US): exploring their perceptions of the US healthcare system.

    PubMed

    Stephens, Elisabeth K; Nguyen, Phuong L; Radecki Breitkopf, Carmen; Jatoi, Aminah

    2011-12-01

    Few studies have focused on perceptions of healthcare among Vietnamese who came to the United States (US) as refugees. A 48-item survey that included information on demographics, health status, and satisfaction with healthcare [including the Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire-18 (PSQ-18)] was sent to 49 former Vietnamese military officers, who are now living in the US, based on their current geographic residence. A total of 22 of 49 delivered questionnaires were completed and returned, yielding a response rate of 45%. The survey was sent in Vietnamese and English, and all except one was completed in Vietnamese. In response to "Language barriers have prevented me from accessing health care when I need it," 77% of respondents acknowledged that this was "sometimes" the case even today. Most respondents otherwise viewed the healthcare system favorably, but cost concerns were an issue: 28% strongly agreed or agreed with the statement, "I have to pay for more of my medical care than I can afford." In contrast, only 9% described that they would have strongly agreed or agreed to this statement upon first arriving to the US. Write-in comments revealed themes that centered on language barriers, favorable impressions of healthcare in the US, financial concerns, and patriotism towards the US. Further study of this aging population of Vietnamese Americans might help shed light on concerns faced by other refugee populations who have arrived more recently.

  6. Use of the dental disease nonbattle injury encounter module to assess the emergency rate on an Army military installation within the United States.

    PubMed

    Colthirst, Paul; DeNicolo, Philip; Will, Randy; Simecek, John W

    2012-09-01

    The objectives of this study are (1) to establish a baseline rate for dental emergencies (DE) occurring within a Brigade Combat Team (BCT) garrisoned on a military installation located in the continental United States (CONUS), and (2) to determine if differences in risk of DE are observed in soldiers of different Dental Fitness Classifications (DFC). Data concerning DE were documented by Army Dental Corps providers using CONUS Dental Disease Nonbattle Injury Emergency Encounter module of the Corporate Dental Application (CDA). The data were collected from September 1, 2011 to December 15, 2011. The number of soldiers at risk, the BCT dental readiness, the DFC of each soldier who experienced a DE, and the date of the dental visit that preceded the DE were documented from CDA. The estimated rate of 221 DE per 1,000 soldiers per year was observed. The risk of DE for DFC 3 soldiers was five times that of soldiers who were DFC 1 or 2. Assessing the DE rate of a BCT in garrison is useful for stakeholders and policymakers who must accommodate the impact of DE on mission readiness.

  7. Comparison of Major Bioactive Compounds of the Caterpillar Medicinal Mushroom, Cordyceps militaris (Ascomycetes), Fruiting Bodies Cultured on Wheat Substrate and Pupae.

    PubMed

    Guo, Mingmin; Guo, Suping; Huaijun, Yang; Bu, Ning; Dong, Cai-Hong

    2016-01-01

    In this study, the main bioactive compounds of the fruit bodies of Cordyceps militaris-such as adenosine, cordycepin, polysaccharides, mannitol, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and carotenoids-were cultivated on wheat and pupae, as well as sclerotium (the pupae portion) and sclerotium with fruiting bodies. The amounts of adenosine and polysaccharide in all the tested samples (except for the polysaccharides of sclerotium) are higher than the quality standards (adenosine ≥0.055% and polysaccharide ≥2.5%) determined by the Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China. As the most important bioactive compound in C. militaris, cordycepin is the highest in the fruiting bodies on pupae than in other samples, whereas it is the lowest in the sclerotium. The amounts of cordycepin, carotenoids, and SOD were higher in the fruiting bodies on pupae than that in the fruiting bodies on wheat, whereas the amounts of adenosine, polysaccharides, and mannitol were higher in the fruiting bodies on wheat than in the fruiting bodies on pupae. There was no significant difference in the amounts of cordycepin, carotenoids, and SOD in the sclerotium with fruiting bodies and the fruiting bodies on wheat. The adenosine, polysaccharide, and mannitol contents in the sclerotium with fruiting bodies were significantly lower than those of the fruiting bodies on wheat. Overall, the results of this evaluation could not distinguish which is better: the fruiting bodies on pupae or those on wheat; each has its own merits. The fruiting bodies of C. militaris cultivated on both wheat and pupae are important candidates for medicinal and tonic use for the welfare of humankind.

  8. Military Humanitarian/Civic Action: The Reserve Component as An Instrument of United States Strategy in Latin America.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    UNITED STATES STRATEGY IN LATIN AMERICA by LTC George R. Lindsey COL Michael R. Gonzales Project Advisor The views expressed in this paper are those...exclusively on training to an explicit acknowledgment of the importance of H/CA. The mission statement from Task Force Bravo in Honduras for

  9. Cultural Understanding: Is it Possible to Understand Another’s Culture Without a Firm Grasp of One’s Own?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-06

    as it relates to culture and the subsequent perceptions by non -Americans. The business and communication fields have already identified the need for...relationship to intercultural communication will be examined. A look into current U.S. military culture training will help to form the foundation...United States not only did not understand the Somali desire for verbal communication , but also failed to appreciate the collective nature of now

  10. Joint-Service Integration: An Organizational Culture Study of the United States Department of Defense Voluntary Education System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benson, Martin K.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the descriptive case study with a multiple case framework was to (a) describe the organizational cultures of education programs and leaders in the United States (U.S.) Department of Defense (DoD) voluntary education system on Oahu, Hawaii; (b) determine if an overlapping common organizational culture exists; and (c) assess the…

  11. College Students' Spontaneous Self-Concept: The Effect of Culture among Respondents in Hong Kong, Japan, and the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bond, Michael H.; Cheung, Tak-Sing

    1983-01-01

    The Twenty Statements Test was administered to university students in Japan, the United States, and Hong Kong to assess cultural influences on self-concept. Numerous cultural differences were found in the frequency of categories and subcategories used for self-statements and in the level of self-esteem. (AOS)

  12. 75 FR 5103 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: University of Nebraska State Museum, University of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-01

    ... National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: University of Nebraska State Museum...), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the University of... ``unassociated funerary objects'' under 25 U.S.C. 3001. This notice is published as part of the National...

  13. 76 FR 28066 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate a Cultural Item: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-13

    ... National Park Service Notice of Intent To Repatriate a Cultural Item: Museum of Anthropology at Washington.... 3005, of the intent to repatriate a cultural item in the possession of the Museum of Anthropology at... glass beads was given to the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University on an unknown...

  14. 76 FR 14045 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate a Cultural Item: Museum of Anthropology at Washington State...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-15

    ... National Park Service Notice of Intent To Repatriate a Cultural Item: Museum of Anthropology at Washington.... 3005, of the intent to repatriate a cultural item in the possession of the Museum of Anthropology at... given to the Museum of Anthropology at Washington State University for intended repatriation by...

  15. A Cross-Cultural Study of the Career Maturity of Korean and United States High School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Ki-Hak

    2001-01-01

    High school students in Korea (n=331) and the United States (n=266) completed the Career Attitude Maturity Inventory in Korean or English versions. Constructs of career maturity were similar across both cultures. Level of maturity was culture related: U.S. students had greater confidence; Koreans were more prepared. (Contains 28 references.) (SK)

  16. Contact and Connection: A Cross-Cultural Look at Parenting Styles in Bali and the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kestenberg-Amighi, Janet

    2004-01-01

    This article argues that a culturally approved style of nonverbal parent-infant interaction influences the unfolding parent-child relationship and the child's social development. The author, an anthropologist, compares parenting styles in the "low-contact" culture of the United States with parenting in the "high-contact"…

  17. "Attraction, Attention, and Desire": Consumer Culture as Pedagogical Paradigm in Museums in the United States, 1900-1930

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cain, Victoria

    2012-01-01

    Urged on by a young generation of reform-minded professionals, museums in the United States adopted the premises and practices of consumer culture in the early twentieth century. This article argues that this turn towards consumer culture resulted from a new institutional commitment to public education and a radical re-conception of visual…

  18. An Organizational Culture Study of Missouri State University Faculty/Staff in Relation to the University's Public Affair Mission

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weaver, Marissa LeClaire

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to address a problem of practice of the public affairs mission through the perceptions of faculty and staff members at Missouri State University of the University's organizational culture. The design included a phenomenological study with a set of organizational culture procedural questions related to the perceptions…

  19. Proteomic Analysis of Extracellular Proteins from Aspergillus oryzae Grown under Submerged and Solid-State Culture Conditions

    PubMed Central

    Oda, Ken; Kakizono, Dararat; Yamada, Osamu; Iefuji, Haruyuki; Akita, Osamu; Iwashita, Kazuhiro

    2006-01-01

    Filamentous fungi are widely used for the production of homologous and heterologous proteins. Recently, there has been increasing interest in Aspergillus oryzae because of its ability to produce heterologous proteins in solid-state culture. To provide an overview of protein secretion by A. oryzae in solid-state culture, we carried out a comparative proteome analysis of extracellular proteins in solid-state and submerged (liquid) cultures. Extracellular proteins prepared from both cultures sequentially from 0 to 40 h were subjected to two-dimensional electrophoresis, and protein spots at 40 h were identified by peptide mass fingerprinting using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry. We also attempted to identify cell wall-bound proteins of the submerged culture. We analyzed 85 spots from the solid-state culture and 110 spots from the submerged culture. We identified a total of 29 proteins, which were classified into 4 groups. Group 1 consisted of extracellular proteins specifically produced in the solid-state growth condition, such as glucoamylase B and alanyl dipeptidyl peptidase. Group 2 consisted of extracellular proteins specifically produced in the submerged condition, such as glucoamylase A (GlaA) and xylanase G2 (XynG2). Group 3 consisted of proteins produced in both conditions, such as xylanase G1. Group 4 consisted of proteins that were secreted to the medium in the solid-state growth condition but trapped in the cell wall in the submerged condition, such as α-amylase (TAA) and β-glucosidase (Bgl). A Northern analysis of seven genes from the four groups suggested that the secretion of TAA and Bgl was regulated by trapping these proteins in the cell wall in submerged culture and that secretion of GlaA and XynG2 was regulated at the posttranscriptional level in the solid-state culture. PMID:16672490

  20. The United States on Trial: An Analysis of the Case Concerning Military and Paramilitary Activities in and Against Nicaragua

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-04-06

    surrounded the revelation of two publications, Operactones Sicologicas en Guerra de Guerrillas (Psychological Operations in Guerilla Warfare) and the...constituted court, affording all the judicial guarantees which are recognized as indispensable by civilized peoples. (2) The wounded and sick shall be...of the State’s sovereignty; the Chicago Convention on Civil Aviation334 and the Geneva Convention on the Territorial Sea335 declare these principles

  1. Military Intervention in Intrastate Conflicts in West Africa: Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group as a Case Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group as a Case Study Approved by: , Thesis Committee Chair Bruce W. Menning...also goes to my committee chairman, Dr. Bruce W. Menning, who gave me the needed encouragement from the very start and continued to the end. Despite...Mutual Assistance on Defence MODEL Movement for Democracy in Liberia MPCI Patriotic Movement of Côte d’ Iviore NATO North Atlantic Treaty

  2. Military specifications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reynolds, Philip

    1987-01-01

    The current situation relative to the military specification is that there is not one specific model of turbulence which people are using. Particular disagreement exists on how turbulence levels will vary with qualitative analysis. It does not tie one down to specifics. When it comes to flying quality specifications, many feel that one should stay with the definitions of the Cooper-Harper rating scale but allow the levels to shift depending on the level of turbulence. There is a ride quality specification in the MIL-SPEC having to do with flight control systems design that is related to a turbulence model. This spec (MIL-F8785C) and others are discussed.

  3. A Guide to Directors of Homeland Security, Emergency Management, and Military Departments in the States and Territories of the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    electors of this State at the same time and in the same manner and for the same term of office as other State officials. His rank shall be that of major...http://www.fortaleza.gobierno.pr/admin_fortaleza/ sistema /ordens/0028.pdf. Adjutant General Director: Colonel David Carrion Baralt Functions

  4. Military Librarians Workshop (19th). Intellectual Updating: Changes in the State of the Art of Librarianship, 30 September - 2 October 1975

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-01-01

    09834 Base Librarian NW-CL Vance AFB, OK 73701 DORIS HUNTER US Army Military History Research PAUL KLINEFELTER Carlisle Barracks, PA 17013 Deputy...which we hope to achieve an knowledge of world history and the great awareness among our cadets of the need for American past, an awareness of his present...Army Military History Reference Librarian Research Collection US Army Engineer School Carlisle Barracks, PA 17013 Fort Belvoir, VA 22060 FRANCES L

  5. The U.S. Army School of the Americas and its Impact on United States-Latin America Military Relations in the 1980s

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-06-08

    Spanish Crown was based--the military, the larnded gentry, and the Church-.were all repre- sented during the colonization of Latin America. The...Board, addressed this issue and conciuded that Latin American duty inhibits officer careers, thus preventing quality 5 Cristobal A. Nava, A., Colonel...Policy." Military issues research memorandum, U.F, Army War College, 24 June 1977. (DDC Doc AD A047575.) Cristobal A. Navas A, Questionnaire response to

  6. How Much Culture Is Enough? Inuit Teachers' Perceptions on the State of Inuit Culture in Nunavik Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevenson, Blair

    2014-01-01

    This paper highlights findings of a survey conducted with the Kativik School Board, Canada, to gain insight into the perceptions of Inuit teachers concerning how Inuit culture is taught in the classroom. While findings indicate that teachers are integrating Inuit culture to varying degrees, roughly half of respondents suggest that not enough Inuit…

  7. Homosexuality, Morality, and Military Policy.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-03-01

    religious heritage of the United States, the First Amendment to the Constitution, and the history of military policies toward homosexuals; and an...heritage, and that the First Amendment to the Constitution was not written to exclude Christian moral influence from the public-decision making

  8. Peak Politics: Resource Scarcity and Libertarian Political Culture in the United States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schneider-Mayerson, Matthew

    My dissertation uses the "peak oil" movement as a lens to analyze the convergence of apocalyptic environmental thinking and libertarian political culture in the recent United States. The "peak oil" movement was a twenty-first century American social movement of Americans who came to believe that oil depletion and other environmental problems would lead to the imminent collapse of global industrial society. Dedicated adherents developed a rich subculture, primarily online, and prepared themselves for the "post-carbon" future by conserving energy, changing occupations, and even purchasing land. Drawing on surveys of over 1,500 participants, ethnographic research, discourse analysis of peak oil websites and literary analysis of subcultural fiction, my research reveals a group of mostly white, male, liberal Americans struggling with the perceived threat of economic, environmental and geopolitical decline while the country undergoes a broad shift in political culture: the continued rise of libertarian ideals, accelerated by the influence of Internet technology. I view this apocalyptic subculture in the context of petroleum dependence, eco-apocalyptic discourses, the environmental discourse of "limits to growth," white masculinity, climate change, and the influence of conservative individualism on American political culture.

  9. Expression of apolipoprotein E by cultured vascular smooth muscle cells is controlled by growth state

    PubMed Central

    1988-01-01

    Rat vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) in culture synthesize and secrete a approximately 38,000-Mr protein doublet or triplet that, as previously described (Majack and Bornstein. 1984. J. Cell Biol. 99:1688- 1695), rapidly and reversibly accumulates in the SMC culture medium upon addition of heparin. In the present study, we show that this approximately 38,000-Mr heparin-regulated protein is electrophoretically and immunologically identical to apolipoprotein E (apo-E), a major plasma apolipoprotein involved in cholesterol transport. In addition, we show that expression of apo-E by cultured SMC varies according to growth state: while proliferating SMC produced little apo-E and expressed low levels of apo-E mRNA, quiescent SMC produced significantly more apo-E (relative to other proteins) and expressed markedly increased levels of apo-E mRNA. Northern analysis of RNA extracted from aortic tissue revealed that fully differentiated, quiescent SMC contain significant quantities of apo-E mRNA. These data establish aortic SMC as a vascular source for apo-E and suggest new functional roles for this apolipoprotein, possibly unrelated to traditional concepts of lipid metabolism. PMID:2458361

  10. Conversion of yellow wine lees into high-protein yeast culture by solid-state fermentation

    PubMed Central

    Hu, Yuanliang; Pan, Lina; Dun, Yaohao; Peng, Nan; Liang, Yunxiang; Zhao, Shumiao

    2014-01-01

    This study is focussed on the possibility of producing a yeast culture with yellow wine lees as a substrate by solid-state fermentation (SSF). Results showed that a yeast count of 1.58 × 109 CFU/g was achieved by signal factor and orthogonal experiments. After fermentation, the starch content in the yeast culture reduced from 32.2% ± 0.5% to 7.5% ± 0.2%, and the contents of crude protein and peptide increased from 36.1% ± 0.8% to 48.0% ± 1.0% and 3.9% ± 0.2% to 7.2% ± 0.4%, respectively. Additionally, large amounts of short peptides and free amino acids were detected by fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC). These results suggest that yellow wine lees are a suitable substrate for the production of yeast cultures. It can serve as a growth-promoting factor and help reduce the shortage of protein feed in the animal industry. This research provides a potential way for the utilization of agro-industrial residues. PMID:26019568

  11. Toward the Computational Representation of Individual Cultural, Cognitive, and Physiological State: The Sensor Shooter Simulation

    SciTech Connect

    RAYBOURN,ELAINE M.; FORSYTHE,JAMES C.

    2001-08-01

    This report documents an exploratory FY 00 LDRD project that sought to demonstrate the first steps toward a realistic computational representation of the variability encountered in individual human behavior. Realism, as conceptualized in this project, required that the human representation address the underlying psychological, cultural, physiological, and environmental stressors. The present report outlines the researchers' approach to representing cognitive, cultural, and physiological variability of an individual in an ambiguous situation while faced with a high-consequence decision that would greatly impact subsequent events. The present project was framed around a sensor-shooter scenario as a soldier interacts with an unexpected target (two young Iraqi girls). A software model of the ''Sensor Shooter'' scenario from Desert Storm was developed in which the framework consisted of a computational instantiation of Recognition Primed Decision Making in the context of a Naturalistic Decision Making model [1]. Recognition Primed Decision Making was augmented with an underlying foundation based on our current understanding of human neurophysiology and its relationship to human cognitive processes. While the Gulf War scenario that constitutes the framework for the Sensor Shooter prototype is highly specific, the human decision architecture and the subsequent simulation are applicable to other problems similar in concept, intensity, and degree of uncertainty. The goal was to provide initial steps toward a computational representation of human variability in cultural, cognitive, and physiological state in order to attain a better understanding of the full depth of human decision-making processes in the context of ambiguity, novelty, and heightened arousal.

  12. Socio Cultural and Geographical Determinants of Child Immunisation in Borno State, Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Immunisation has been an important strategy for disease prevention globally. Despite proven successes in other settings, child immunisation has continued to be problematic in developing countries including Nigeria. In addressing the problems, policy in Nigeria is largely directed at overcoming socio cultural issues surrounding parents’ rejection of vaccines. However, determinants of immunisation have geographical implications as well. A cross sectional survey was used to select 484 mothers/caregivers through a multi stage cluster sampling technique from the three senatorial districts of Borno State, Nigeria. Mothers or caregivers of children 12–23 months were interviewed using a structured questionnaire adapted from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (2008). Socio cultural factors measured include mother’s education, religion, husband’s permission and sex of child while spatial variables include location i.e. whether rural or urban, and distance measured in terms of physical distance, cost and perception of physical distance. Descriptive statistics, univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to analyse the results. Data indicate that only 10.5% of children were fully immunised. Though immunisation uptake differed between the senatorial districts, this was not significant (P=0.1). In the bivariate analysis, mothers living in urban areas, <1 km to immunisation centre, their perception of travel distance and travel cost were the spatial predictors of immunisation while literacy and husband’s permission were the socio-cultural factors of significance. However, in the multivariate regression only two geographical factors i.e. living in an urban area [odds ratio (OR) 3.42, confidence interval (CI) 1.40–8.33] and mothers’ perception of distance (OR 4.52, CI 2.14–9.55) were protective against under immunisation while mother’s education was the only socio cultural variable of significance (OR 0.10, CI 0.03–0.41). It was concluded

  13. Cultural impacts on public perceptions of agricultural biotechnology: A comparison of South Korea and the United States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nader, Richard Harrison

    According to Millar (1996), the gulf between science and society is growing. Technologies are tools cultures develop to solve society's problems. The rapid dispersion of science and technology across cultural borders through trade, technology transfer and exchange, increasingly requires people in different cultures to make choices about accepting or rejecting artifacts of science and technology such as genetically modified (GM) foods, which originate primarily from the United States. These issues challenge policy makers and scientists to account for the affects of different cultural perspectives on controversial scientific issues. Given the controversy across cultures over acceptance or rejection of genetically modified (GM) foods, GM foods are an excellent example with which to begin to reveal how culture impacts public perceptions of the risk and benefits of science and technology in different societies. This research will: (1) Define public awareness and understanding of science, specifically GM foods; (2) Examine culture's impact on knowledge, including different cultural approaches to research; and (3) Compare recent findings of a bi-national public opinion survey on GM comparing in South Korea and the United States. The proposed research outlines two research questions: (1) How and in what ways do South Koreans and Americans differ in their opinions about GMOs? This question is important for gathering current points of contrast about how the two cultures may differ; and (2) What role does culture play on opinion formation about GM foods? Through grounded theory, the researcher will investigate how cultural differences help explain opinion on public perceptions of GM foods. Is it possible to identify common cultural factors that impact public perceptions of GM foods between South Koreans and Americans? The study will utilize both qualitative and quantitative methodologies. Higher education is a major producer of new science and technology. The study is

  14. The Cellular State Determines the Effect of Melatonin on the Survival of Mixed Cerebellar Cell Culture

    PubMed Central

    Franco, Daiane Gil; Markus, Regina P.

    2014-01-01

    The constitutive activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), a key transcription factor involved in neuroinflammation, is essential for the survival of neurons in situ and of cerebellar granule cells in culture. Melatonin is known to inhibit the activation of NF-κB and has a cytoprotective function. In this study, we evaluated whether the cytoprotective effect of melatonin depends on the state of activation of a mixed cerebellar culture that is composed predominantly of granule cells; we tested the effect of melatonin on cultured rat cerebellar cells stimulated or not with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The addition of melatonin (0.1 nM–1 µM) reduced the survival of naïve cells while inhibiting LPS-induced cell death. Melatonin (100 nM) transiently (15 min) inhibited the nuclear translocation of both NF-κB dimers (p50/p50, p50/RelA) and, after 60 min, increased the activation of p50/RelA. Melatonin-induced p50/RelA activity in naïve cells resulted in the transcription of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and the production of NO. Otherwise, in cultures treated with LPS, melatonin blocked the LPS-induced activation of p50/RelA and the reduction in p50/p50 levels and inhibited iNOS expression and NO synthesis. Therefore, melatonin in vehicle-treated cells induces cell death, while it protects against LPS-induced cytotoxicity. In summary, we confirmed that melatonin is a neuroprotective drug when cerebellar cells are challenged; however, melatonin can also lead to cell death when the normal balance of the NF-κB pathway is disturbed. Our data provide a mechanistic basis for understanding the influence of cell context on the final output response of melatonin. PMID:25184316

  15. Totipotent embryonic stem cells arise in ground-state culture conditions.

    PubMed

    Morgani, Sophie M; Canham, Maurice A; Nichols, Jennifer; Sharov, Alexei A; Migueles, Rosa Portero; Ko, Minoru S H; Brickman, Joshua M

    2013-06-27

    Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are derived from mammalian embryos during the transition from totipotency, when individual blastomeres can make all lineages, to pluripotency, when they are competent to make only embryonic lineages. ESCs maintained with inhibitors of MEK and GSK3 (2i) are thought to represent an embryonically restricted ground state. However, we observed heterogeneous expression of the extraembryonic endoderm marker Hex in 2i-cultured embryos, suggesting that 2i blocked development prior to epiblast commitment. Similarly, 2i ESC cultures were heterogeneous and contained a Hex-positive fraction primed to differentiate into trophoblast and extraembryonic endoderm. Single Hex-positive ESCs coexpressed epiblast and extraembryonic genes and contributed to all lineages in chimeras. The cytokine LIF, necessary for ESC self-renewal, supported the expansion of this population but did not directly support Nanog-positive epiblast-like ESCs. Thus, 2i and LIF support a totipotent state comparable to early embryonic cells that coexpress embryonic and extraembryonic determinants.

  16. The Culture War, Modern Economics, and Environmental Education in The United States.

    PubMed

    Hargrove, Eugene C

    2016-01-01

    Teaching ethics in public schools in the United States has been made almost impossible because of the Culture War and Modern Economics. When Catholics began to migrate to the United States in the early nineteenth century, they found that Protestant religion and ethics were taught in public schools and they created their own parochial schools. This controversy has continued for two hundred years. To encourage the Catholics to send their children to the public schools, by 1860 religion and ethics had been removed from the public schools. Concern about the teaching of ethics spread to other religious and non-religious groups. These groups attack the teaching of ethics as the indoctrination of the personal values of teachers, and when teachers include alternative ethical views to avoid indoctrination they are accused of relativism. According to Modern Economics, value terms are meaningless unless they have been translated into economic terms based on willingness to pay. This approach overlooks the social values that make up the cultural heritage of a society. Although children acquire these social values tacitly, since they are not taught these values as a common heritage, they come to believe that they invented them ahistorically and that they are just how they feel (ethical emotivism). By teaching children social values as a common heritage, the charges of indoctrination and relativism and the replacement of these values with economic terms can be avoided, later permitting a more objective role for ethics in public affairs among adults.

  17. Optimization of polyhydroxybutyrate production by marine Bacillus megaterium MSBN04 under solid state culture.

    PubMed

    Sathiyanarayanan, G; Kiran, G Seghal; Selvin, Joseph; Saibaba, G

    2013-09-01

    A marine sponge-associated bacterium Bacillus megaterium MSBN04 was used for the production of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) under solid state culture (SSC). A central composite design (CCD) was employed to optimize the production medium and to find out the interactive effects of four independent variables, viz. tapioca industry waste, palm jaggery, horse gram flour and trace element solution on PHB production. The maximum yield of PHB 8.637 mg g(-1) of substrate (tapioca industry waste) was achieved from biomass 15.203 mg g(-1) of substrate, using statistically optimized medium. The horse gram flour (nitrogen source) and trace element solution were found to be critical control factors for PHB synthesis. The (1)H NMR analysis revealed that the polymer was a PHB monomer. PHB obtained from this study having high molecular weight (6.7×10(5) Da) with low polydispersity index (PDI) value (1.71) and produced PHB was used to synthesize PHB polymeric nanoparticles using solvent displacement approach. Therefore, B. megaterium MSBN04 is an ideal candidate that can be exploited biotechnologically for the commercial production of PHB under solid state culture.

  18. Totipotent Embryonic Stem Cells Arise in Ground-State Culture Conditions

    PubMed Central

    Morgani, Sophie M.; Canham, Maurice A.; Nichols, Jennifer; Sharov, Alexei A.; Migueles, Rosa Portero; Ko, Minoru S.H.; Brickman, Joshua M.

    2013-01-01

    Summary Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are derived from mammalian embryos during the transition from totipotency, when individual blastomeres can make all lineages, to pluripotency, when they are competent to make only embryonic lineages. ESCs maintained with inhibitors of MEK and GSK3 (2i) are thought to represent an embryonically restricted ground state. However, we observed heterogeneous expression of the extraembryonic endoderm marker Hex in 2i-cultured embryos, suggesting that 2i blocked development prior to epiblast commitment. Similarly, 2i ESC cultures were heterogeneous and contained a Hex-positive fraction primed to differentiate into trophoblast and extraembryonic endoderm. Single Hex-positive ESCs coexpressed epiblast and extraembryonic genes and contributed to all lineages in chimeras. The cytokine LIF, necessary for ESC self-renewal, supported the expansion of this population but did not directly support Nanog-positive epiblast-like ESCs. Thus, 2i and LIF support a totipotent state comparable to early embryonic cells that coexpress embryonic and extraembryonic determinants. PMID:23746443

  19. Single-Cell-State Culture of Human Pluripotent Stem Cells Increases Transfection Efficiency

    PubMed Central

    Nii, Takenobu; Kohara, Hiroshi; Marumoto, Tomotoshi; Sakuma, Tetsushi; Yamamoto, Takashi; Tani, Kenzaburo

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Efficient gene transfer into human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) holds great promise for regenerative medicine and pharmaceutical development. In the past decade, various methods were developed for gene transfer into hPSCs; however, hPSCs form tightly packed colonies, making gene transfer difficult. In this study, we established a stable culture method of hPSCs at a single-cell state to reduce cell density and investigated gene transfection efficiency followed by gene editing efficiency. hPSCs cultured in a single-cell state were transfected using nonliposomal transfection reagents with plasmid DNA or mRNA encoding enhanced green fluorescent protein. We found that most cells (DNA > 90%; mRNA > 99%) were transfected without the loss of undifferentiated PSC marker expression or pluripotency. Moreover, we demonstrated an efficient gene editing method using transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs) targeting the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene. Our new method may improve hPSC gene transfer techniques, thus facilitating their use for human regenerative medicine. PMID:27257519

  20. Are cultures becoming individualistic? A cross-temporal comparison of individualism-collectivism in the United States and Japan.

    PubMed

    Hamamura, Takeshi

    2012-02-01

    Individualism-collectivism is one of the best researched dimensions of culture in psychology. One frequently asked but underexamined question regards its cross-temporal changes: Are cultures becoming individualistic? One influential theory of cultural change, modernization theory, predicts the rise of individualism as a consequence of economic growth. Findings from past research are generally consistent with this theory, but there is also a body of evidence suggesting its limitations. To examine these issues, cross-temporal analyses of individualism-collectivism in the United States and Japan were conducted. Diverging patterns of cultural changes were found across indices: In both countries, some of the obtained indices showed rising individualism over the past several decades, supporting the modernization theory. However, other indices showed patterns that are best understood within the frameworks of a shifting focus of social relationships and a persisting cultural heritage. A comprehensive theory of cultural change requires considerations of these factors in addition to the modernization effect.

  1. Multivitamin and protein supplement use is associated with positive mood states and health behaviors in US Military and Coast Guard personnel.

    PubMed

    Austin, Krista G; McGraw, Susan M; Lieberman, Harris R

    2014-10-01

    Approximately 60% of Armed Forces personnel regularly consume dietary supplements (DSs). We investigated the association of mood and health behaviors with multiple classes of DSs in military and Coast Guard personnel (N = 5536). Participants completed a survey of DS use and the Quick Mood Scale to assess mood domains of wakeful-drowsiness, relaxed-anxious, cheerful-depressed, friendly-aggression, clearheaded-confused, and well coordinated-clumsy. Supplements were categorized as multivitamin/minerals (MVM), individual vitamin/minerals, protein/amino acid supplements (PS), combination products (C), herbals (H), purported steroid analogs, (S) and other (O). One-way analyses of covariance assessed associations of DSs and perceived health behavior with mood controlling for age. Logistic regression determined associations between DS use and health behavior. Users of MVM and PS reported feeling significantly (P < 0.05) more awake, relaxed, cheerful, clearheaded, and coordinated. Participants using PS and S reported feeling less friendly (more aggressive, P < 0.02). Users of MVM and PS were more likely to report their general health, eating habits, and fitness level as excellent/good (P < 0.05). Participants reporting health behaviors as excellent/good were more (P < 0.01) awake, relaxed, cheerful, friendly, clearheaded, and coordinated. As no known biological mechanisms can explain such diverse effects of MVM and PS use on multiple mood states, health, eating habits, and fitness, we hypothesize these associations are not causal, and DS intake does not alter these parameters per se. Preexisting differences in mood and other health-related behaviors and outcomes between users versus nonusers of DSs could be a confounding factor in studies of DSs.

  2. Pending crisis in Russian civil military relations

    SciTech Connect

    Ball, D.Y.

    1997-10-01

    A key issue in the study of civil-military relations has been how to create a military sufficiently strong to ensure security from external threats while simultaneously preventing the military from using its preponderance of power in the domestic arena. This dilemma arises from the fear engendered by a large armed force created to combat foreign threats, but which is also inherently a threat to the society that created it. In Russia, however, the question is not how the civilian leadership can keep the military out of politics, but how the military can keep the leadership from politicizing the armed forces. The Russian military has no interest in resolving Russia`s domestic political problems. It is a professional military that prefers to leave politics to the politicians, and to carry out its mission of defending the nation against external attack. But the lack of responsible central leadership and the poor state of the economy are driving the military toward involvement in domestic politics if for no other reason than to ensure its own survival.

  3. [Optimum of polysaccharide distillation on scrap Cordyceps militaris medium].

    PubMed

    Ren, Shu-Yu; Zhao, Chun-Yan; Song, Hui-Yi; Zhao, Hao-Lu; Sun, Jun-De

    2008-03-01

    A mass of scrap Cordyceps militaris solid culture medium could not be utilized better. In this test, using orthogonal design the optimal technique parmeter of extracting polysaccharide was 80 degrees C, two times, in twenty times of water, and 120 minutes each time. Temperature was the most important factor. The referenced data could be provided to depurative production of Cordyceps militaris and resource utilization.

  4. Military and the Media - What’s Next After Embedding?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-08

    Foundation, 1998). http://www.commongroundradio.org/ shows/98/9828.html Program 9828; Strobel: “ Margaret Thatcher had just completed a war in the...reports may have played a role in preventing the United States military from invading Haiti. The United States and Haitian national leadership were in...installations for Haiti that the Haitian military leadership agreed to permissive intervention by U.S. forces.16 Military Control of Media. Until the latter part

  5. Military Review. Volume 87, Number 6, November-December 2007

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    led to “patton beats Rommel.” Ditto Japanese carrier aviation. Ditto Soviet atomic rock - ets. Ditto too the Soviets’ vaunted “military-technical...both technology and operational art . this permitted non-state groups to challenge “old state” military institutions. The Basis of Non-state Military...enemy operational art infused by our technology provides a constant boost to their renewed identity. We have given our enemy tools their prayers

  6. Rhetoric and the Death of a Top Gun: Technology, Gender, and the Military.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sadler, Tori

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the author's ongoing research analyzing several sites of discourse related to a military training accident that resulted in the death of the first female military pilot assigned to a combat position. Contributes to scholarship discussing interactions of technology, gender, and military culture. Explores how language influences…

  7. Moral Dilemmas in a Military Context. a Case Study of a Train the Trainer Course on Military Ethics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Baarle, Eva; Bosch, Jolanda; Widdershoven, Guy; Verweij, Desiree; Molewijk, Bert

    2015-01-01

    Moral competence is important for soldiers who have to deal with complex moral dilemmas in practice. However, openly dealing with moral dilemmas and showing moral competence is not always easy within the culture of a military organization. In this article, based on analysis of experiences during a train the trainer course on military ethics, we…

  8. Military nursing competencies.

    PubMed

    Ross, Mary Candice

    2010-06-01

    Competencies for military nurses are much broader in scope than their civilian counterparts. Not only must they be proficient at basic nursing skills, but they must also quickly master such military skills as protecting themselves and others during attack or threat of attack, caring for major trauma victims under austere conditions, and preparing such patients for transport through the military system of evacuation. This requires consistent and specialized training. This article describes the competencies necessary for practice by military nurses.

  9. Military Suicide Research Consortium

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-10-01

    postdoctoral pilot grants, and providing thirteen dissertation awards to expert and future leaders in the field of military suicide research. The Denver staff...from military sources), so that military issues can be informed in a comprehensive manner. 4. Train future leaders in military suicide research...Suicide, Drs. Jill Holm-Denoma and Tracy Witte, University of Denver/Auburn University, $139, 620 o Identifying Factors Associated with Future Suicidal Self

  10. Late Holocene climate and cultural changes in the southwestern United States.

    PubMed

    Polyak, V J; Asmerom, Y

    2001-10-05

    Columnar stalagmites in caves of the Guadalupe Mountains during the late Holocene record a 4000-year annually resolved climate history for the southwestern United States. Annual banding, hiatuses, and high-precision uranium-series dating show a present day-like climate from 4000 to 3000 years ago, following a drier middle Holocene. A distinctly wetter and cooler period from 3000 to 800 years ago was followed by a period of present day-like conditions, with the exception of a slightly wetter interval from 440 to 290 years before the present. The stalagmite record correlates well with the archaeological record of changes in cultural activities of indigenous people. Such climate change may help to explain evidence of dwelling abandonment and population redistribution.

  11. Characterization of a potent refractory state and persistence of herpes simplex virus 1 in cell culture.

    PubMed

    Barreca, Cristina; O'Hare, Peter

    2006-09-01

    Herpes simplex virus (HSV) normally undergoes productive cytocidal infection in culture and is thought of as relatively resistant to innate immune responses such as interferon. We previously described an unusual pattern of infection in culture in MDBK cells, which after initial productive infection, surprisingly resulted in progressive suppression of replication and cell recovery. The dominance of the refractory state was due to the inability to suppress interferon production and subsequent paracrine signaling. Here, using a wild-type HSV-1 strain expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP)-VP16, we analyze aspects of long-term HSV persistence resulting from this oscillating refractory state. We show that the gradual suppression of GFP-VP16 expression correlated with a biphasic pattern of accumulation of viral DNA and extracellular virus titers. We quantify virus maintenance in a minor subpopulation of cells during subculture, show the reemergence of virus by infectious center assay, and demonstrate that this required intracellular events over a 24- to 48-h time course. We also demonstrate that conditioned medium (cMed) from infected cells induced a profound shutoff of HSV gene expression at the transcriptional level. Finally, we demonstrate that this suppression was extremely rapid, requiring only 1 h of treatment to essentially abolish HSV immediate-early expression, and surprisingly persisted for almost 2 days after removal of the cMed. These combined effects underpin the oscillating effect both in plaque progression, where infection spreads but is overwhelmed by the accumulation of inhibitory components, enabling cell recovery, and virus maintenance in a subpopulation of cells. These results may be relevant to consider in studies of HSV latency in different animal models.

  12. Toward a culture-by-context perspective on negotiation: negotiating teams in the United States and Taiwan.

    PubMed

    Gelfand, Michele J; Brett, Jeanne; Gunia, Brian C; Imai, Lynn; Huang, Tsai-Jung; Hsu, Bi-Fen

    2013-05-01

    Within the United States, teams outperform solos in negotiation (Thompson, Peterson, & Brodt, 1996). The current research examined whether this team advantage generalizes to negotiators from a collectivist culture (Taiwan). Because different cultures have different social norms, and because the team context may amplify the norms that are salient in a particular culture (Gelfand & Realo, 1999), we predicted that the effect of teams on negotiation would differ across cultures. Specifically, we predicted that since harmony norms predominate in collectivist cultures like Taiwan, the team context would amplify a concern with harmony, leading Taiwanese teams to negotiate especially suboptimal outcomes. In support, 2 studies showed that Taiwanese teams negotiated less-optimal outcomes than Taiwanese solos. We also used a moderated-mediation analysis to investigate the mechanism (Hayes, 2012), documenting that the interactive effect of culture and context on outcomes was mediated by harmony norms. By showing that the same situational conditions (team negotiations) can have divergent effects on negotiation outcomes across cultures, our results point toward a nuanced, sociocontextual view that moves beyond the culture-as-main-effect approach to studying culture and negotiations.

  13. 76 FR 73663 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Washington State University, Museum of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-29

    ... any Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the cultural items may contact... cultural items should contact WSU at the address below by December 29, 2011. ADDRESSES: Mary Collins... the cultural items should contact Mary Collins, Director of the Museum of Anthropology at...

  14. The influence of national culture on the perceived fairness of grading procedures: a comparison of the United States and China.

    PubMed

    Tata, Jasmine

    2005-09-01

    Although the desire to be treated fairly is a fundamental human preference, perceptions of fair treatment can be influenced by cultural beliefs and values. For this article, the author used a scenario-based experimental study to examine students' fairness perceptions of grading procedures in 2 countries with distinct national cultures, China and the United States. The results suggest that culture can influence students' perceptions of the fairness of 2 aspects of procedural justice: voice and interpersonal justice. Chinese students were more likely to value interpersonal justice (i.e., being treated with dignity and respect, and being provided with explanations of grading procedures) and perceived the lack of interpersonal justice as less fair than did U.S. participants. In contrast, U.S. students were more likely to perceive voice (i.e., the opportunity to discuss and appeal a grading decision) as fair. These findings are connected to differences in the cultural values of the United States and China.

  15. Impact of Military Deployment on the Development and Behavior of Children.

    PubMed

    Nelson, Suzie C; Baker, Matthew J; Weston, Christina G

    2016-10-01

    Many US military families have faced separations of at least 1 family member for extended periods of time. This article shows how changes in military culture have increased the repercussions for military families, and especially for military-connected children. This article provides an introduction to aspects of military culture that are most applicable to children, an overview of important aspects of childhood development, a discussion of the impact of deployment on the emotional development and behavior of children left at home and their caregivers, and a review of some interventions and resources available to help these families navigate these challenges.

  16. Approaches to Teaching about Korea in a World Cultures Social Studies Curriculum. A guide for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Linda; Linton, Stephen

    Korea, a country of major significance within the East Asian culture sphere, is also a country of historical and contemporary importance to the United States. Divided in 1945 into two zones, the North and the South, the communist northern sector became a formidable economic and military power, while the phenomenal growth of the southern sector's…

  17. Memorandum About the Science and Ethics Review of USDA Protocol for Laboratory Evaluation of Bite Protection from Repellent-treated Clothing for the United States Military

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This review assesses the scientific aspects of the proposed research for a special efficacy study to assess etofenprox-treated U.S. Military uniforms in terms of the recommendations of the EPA and of the EPA Human Studies Review Board.

  18. USAWC (United States Army War College) Military Studies Program. The Russio-Finnish War, 1939-1940. A Study in Leadership, Training, and Esprit-de- Corps

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-05-15

    forces the most significant international result of the war. There were several military lessons which the Soviet army learned in its " acid test" as...yllsadloto Tartan VultIor tle4ottasgltaksea 3.vtttivakol, - ylllpItUL joukkojnn taltelahenkea toinittmaula valise tushenGOutO803e uaterlaala, Jak&ausil

  19. Translating Sexual Assault Prevention from a College Campus to a United States Military Installation: Piloting the Know-Your-Power Bystander Social Marketing Campaign

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potter, Sharyn J.; Stapleton, Jane G.

    2012-01-01

    One population that shares both similar and different characteristics with traditional college-age students is the U.S. Military. Similarities include a high concentration of 18- to 26-year-olds dealing with new found independence, peer pressure, and the presence of social norms that support violence and hypermasculinity. Sexual violence is a…

  20. 14 CFR Special Federal Aviation... - 1-Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who Are Assigned Outside the United States in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 100 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... INSTRUCTORS Pt. 61, SFAR 100-1 Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 100-1—Relief for U.S. Military and.... Expiration date. This Special Federal Aviation Regulation No.100-1 expires June 20, 2010, unless...

  1. 14 CFR Special Federal Aviation... - 2-Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who are Assigned Outside the United States in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 100 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... INSTRUCTORS Pt. 61, SFAR No. 100-2 Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 100-2—Relief for U.S. Military and... September 11, 2001, to termination of SFAR 100-2. 4. Expiration date. This Special Federal...

  2. 14 CFR Special Federal Aviation... - 2-Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who are Assigned Outside the United States in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 100 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... INSTRUCTORS Pt. 61, SFAR No. 100-2 Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 100-2—Relief for U.S. Military and... September 11, 2001, to termination of SFAR 100-2. 4. Expiration date. This Special Federal...

  3. Toward Academic Quality Off-Campus: Monitoring Requirements of Institutional Accrediting Bodies and the States for Off-Campus, Military Base, and Study Abroad Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuhns, Eileen; Martorana, S. V.

    Results of a study of the monitoring requirements of off-campus programs are presented. Summaries are provided of the monitoring requirements for off-campus, military base, and study abroad programs of member institutions of the Council on Postsecondary Accreditation. After defining types of off-campus programs, a conceptual plan is presented for…

  4. Academic and Military Programs of the Five Service Academies. Report to the Congress by the Comptroller General of the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Staats, Elmer B.

    The academic and military programs of the five service academies are reviewed and found generally to produce qualified officers, but several aspects of their program could be improved. It is noted that only the Naval and Merchant Marine Academies require a comprehensive examination to evaluate students' professional competence before graduation…

  5. 20 Years Later: Professional Military Education. Testimony before the Sub-Committee on Oversight and Investigations, Armed Services Committee, United States House of Representatives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carafano, James

    2009-01-01

    "The Pentagon is currently undertaking a congressionally mandated Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) of strategy, force structure, missions, and resources. One issue that should be on the table is defining professional military education requirements. The current system is inadequate. The Department of Defense (DOD) should restructure it to…

  6. Transcriptional monitoring of steady state and effects of anaerobic phases in chemostat cultures of the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei

    PubMed Central

    Rautio, Jari J; Smit, Bart A; Wiebe, Marilyn; Penttilä, Merja; Saloheimo, Markku

    2006-01-01

    Background Chemostat cultures are commonly used in production of cellular material for systems-wide biological studies. We have used the novel TRAC (transcript analysis with aid of affinity capture) method to study expression stability of approximately 30 process relevant marker genes in chemostat cultures of the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei and its transformant expressing laccase from Melanocarpus albomyces. Transcriptional responses caused by transient oxygen deprivations and production of foreign protein were also studied in T. reesei by TRAC. Results In cultures with good steady states, the expression of the marker genes varied less than 20% on average between sequential samples for at least 5 or 6 residence times. However, in a number of T. reesei cultures continuous flow did not result in a good steady state. Perturbations to the steady state were always evident at the transcriptional level, even when they were not measurable as changes in biomass or product concentrations. Both unintentional and intentional perturbations of the steady state demonstrated that a number of genes involved in growth, protein production and secretion are sensitive markers for culture disturbances. Exposure to anaerobic conditions caused strong responses at the level of gene expression, but surprisingly the cultures could regain their previous steady state quickly, even after 3 h O2 depletion. The main effect of producing M. albomyces laccase was down-regulation of the native cellulases compared with the host strain. Conclusion This study demonstrates the usefulness of transcriptional analysis by TRAC in ensuring the quality of chemostat cultures prior to costly and laborious genome-wide analysis. In addition TRAC was shown to be an efficient tool in studying gene expression dynamics in transient conditions. PMID:17010217

  7. A Study of Cross-Cultural Communication for U.S. Military Application: Identifying Mind/Minefields and Avenues of Approach

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-04-01

    the divine and human nature of Christ was primarily the result of whether you read the Bible in Greek, Syriac or Coptic.33 Franz Boas warns that, “A...29 Franz Boas , “Introduction to the...Culture and Society, ed Ben G. Blount (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Winthrop Publishers, Inc. 1874). Boas , Franz , “Introduction to the Handbook of

  8. Filamentous fungi and media for cellulase production in solid state cultures

    PubMed Central

    Kilikian, B.V.; Afonso, L.C.; Souza, T.F.C.; Ferreira, R.G.; Pinheiro, I.R.

    2014-01-01

    Cellulase production was evaluated in two reference strains (T. reesei Rut-C30 and T. reesei QM9414), two strains isolated from a sugarcane cultivation area (Trichoderma sp. IPT778 and T. harzianum rifai IPT821) and one strain isolated in a program for biodiversity preservation in São Paulo state (Myceliophthora thermophila M77). Solid state cultures were performed using sugarcane bagasse (C), wheat bran (W) and/or soybean bran (S). The highest FPA was 10.6 U/gdm for M77 in SC (10:90) at 80% moisture, which was 4.4 times higher than production in pure W. C was a strong inducer of cellulase production, given that the production level of 6.1 U/gdm in WC (40:60) was 2.5 times higher than in pure W for strain M77; T. reesei Rut-C30 did not respond as strongly with about 1.6-fold surplus production. S advantageously replaced W, as the surplus production on SC (20:80) was 2.3 times relative to WC (20:80) for M77. PMID:24948946

  9. M. tuberculosis Gene Expression during Transition to the "Non-Culturable" State

    PubMed Central

    Salina, E.G.; Kaufmann, S.H.E.; Kaprelyants, A.S.

    2009-01-01

    We analyzed the gene expression profile under specific conditions during reversible transition of M. tuberculosis cells to the "non-culturable" (NC) state in a prolonged stationary phase. More than 500 genes were differentially regulated, while 238 genes were upregulated over all time points during NC cell formation. Approximately a quarter of these upregulated genes belong to insertion and phage sequences indicating a possible high intensity of genome modification processes taking place under transition to the NC state. Besides the high proportion of hypothetical/conserved hypothetical genes in the cohort of upregulated genes, there was a significant number of genes belonging to intermediary metabolism, respiration, information pathways, cell wall and cell processes, and genes encoding regulatory proteins. We conclude that NC cell formation is an active process involved in the regulation of many genes of different pathways. A more detailed analysis of the experimental data will help to understand the precise molecular mechanisms of dormancy/latency/persistence of M. tuberculosis in the future. The list of upregulated genes obtained in this study includes many genes found to be upregulated in other models of M. tuberculosis persistence. Thirteen upregulated genes, which are common for different models, can be considered as potential targets for the development of new anti-tuberculosis drugs directed mainly against latent tuberculosis. PMID:22649605

  10. Effect of phorbol esters on contractile state and calcium flux in cultured chick heart cells

    SciTech Connect

    Leatherman, G.F.; Kim, D.; Smith, T.W.

    1987-07-01

    Phorbol esters are potent tumor promoters that have been widely used in studies of transmembrane signaling because of their ability to activate protein kinase C. To study the effect of phorbol esters (and indirectly, the role of protein kinase C) on the cardiac muscle contractility, the authors examined the effects of phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) on contractile state, transmembrane /sup 45/Ca fluxes, and cytosolic free Ca concentration ((Ca)/sub i/) using spontaneously contracting cultured chick ventricular cells. PMA produced a concentration- and time-dependent decrease in the amplitude of cell motion (half maximum inhibitory concentration) with maximal effect observed at 1 ..mu..M. PMA (1 ..mu..M) reduced /sup 45/Ca uptake rate by 16 /plus minus/ 4% and the size of the rapidly exchangeable Ca pool by 11 /plus minus/ 2%, but did not alter the /sup 45/Ca efflux rate. In fura-2-loaded cells. PMA produced a decrease in (Ca)/sub i/ from 96 /plus minus/ 7 to 72 /plus minus/ 5 nM with a time course similar to that of alteration in contractile amplitude. These results indicate that PMA influences transsarcolemmal Ca uptake, and thus the excitation-contraction process, and suggest that protein kinase C may modulate myocardial Ca homeostassis and contractile state.

  11. Military Social Work: Opportunities and Challenges for Social Work Education.

    PubMed

    Wooten, Nikki R

    Military social work is a specialized field of practice spanning the micro-macro continuum and requiring advanced social work knowledge and skills. The complex behavioral health problems and service needs of Iraq and Afghanistan veterans highlight the need for highly trained social work professionals who can provide militarily-relevant and culturally-responsive evidence-informed services. Responding to the military behavioral health workforce and service needs of recently returned veterans presents both opportunities and challenges for military social work education. This article discusses the rationale for a military social work specialization, the need for military social work education, and opportunities and challenges for social work education. An integrated model of intellectual capital is proposed to guide strategic planning for future military social work education.

  12. Military Social Work: Opportunities and Challenges for Social Work Education

    PubMed Central

    Wooten, Nikki R.

    2015-01-01

    Military social work is a specialized field of practice spanning the micro-macro continuum and requiring advanced social work knowledge and skills. The complex behavioral health problems and service needs of Iraq and Afghanistan veterans highlight the need for highly trained social work professionals who can provide militarily-relevant and culturally-responsive evidence-informed services. Responding to the military behavioral health workforce and service needs of recently returned veterans presents both opportunities and challenges for military social work education. This article discusses the rationale for a military social work specialization, the need for military social work education, and opportunities and challenges for social work education. An integrated model of intellectual capital is proposed to guide strategic planning for future military social work education. PMID:26089628

  13. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military Affairs.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    3 National Security in the Nuclear Age [V. Serebryannikov; KOMMUNIST VOORUZHENNYKH SIL No 9, May 88] 5 MILITARY SCIENCE Military Aspect of...words. This is the main order issued by the party conference. 07045 National Security in the Nuclear Age 18010259 Moscow KOMMUNIST VOORUZHENNYKH SIL...Nuclear Age "] [Text] Ensuring national security has always been con- sidered the holy of holies of every state. The armed forces and weapons

  14. Handbook for Military Justice and Civil Law

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-09-01

    to say nothing at all. Concerning this point, the Court of Military Appeals has said: "We are not disposed to adopt the view . . . that Article 31 (b...his authorization and those executing it acted in good faith. The Court of Military Appeals adopted the exception in United States v. Lopez, 35 M.J...area coordinator if he is superior in rank or command to the officer who imposed the punishment. d. For mobile units, the area coordinator for the

  15. Role of Pre-Morbid Factors and Exposure to Blast Mild Traumatic Brain Injury on Post-Traumatic Stress in United States Military Personnel.

    PubMed

    Manners, Jody L; Forsten, Robert D; Kotwal, Russ S; Elbin, R J; Collins, Michael W; Kontos, Anthony P

    2016-10-01

    Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), the signature injury of the recent wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, is a prevalent and potentially debilitating condition that is associated with symptoms of post-traumatic stress/post-traumatic stress disorder (PTS/PTSD). Prior mTBI, severity and type of injury (blast vs. non-blast), and baseline psychiatric illness are thought to impact mTBI outcomes. It is unclear if the severity of pre-morbid PTS/PTSD is a risk factor of post-injury levels of PTS and mTBI symptoms. The objective of the study was to examine predictors of post-injury PTS/PTSD, including pre-morbid PTS symptoms, and physical and cognitive symptoms in the sub-acute phase (1 week-3 months) following an acute mTBI. A retrospective review of medical records was performed of 276 servicemen assigned to the United States Army Special Operations Command referred for mTBI evaluation between December 2009 and March 2011. Post-Concussion Symptom Scale and PTSD Checklist scores were captured pre- and post-injury. A total of 276 records were reviewed. Pre-morbid and post-injury data were available for 91% (251/276). Of the 54% (136/251) of personnel with mTBI, 29% (39/136) had positive radiology findings and 11% (15/136) met criteria for clinical PTS symptoms at baseline. Logistic regression analysis found baseline PTS symptoms predicted personnel who met clinical levels of PTSD. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that baseline PTS (p = 0.001), baseline mTBI symptoms (p = 0.001), and positive radiology (magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography) findings for complicated mTBI (p = 0.02) accurately identified personnel with clinical levels of PTSD following mTBI. Years of military service, combat deployment status, age, and injury mechanism (blast vs. non-blast) were not associated with increased risk of PTS following mTBI. Pre-morbid PTS symptoms are associated with an increased risk for clinical levels of PTS following a subsequent m

  16. Growth Phase, Oxygen, Temperature, and Starvation Affect the Development of Viable but Non-culturable State of Vibrio cholerae.

    PubMed

    Wu, Bin; Liang, Weili; Kan, Biao

    2016-01-01

    Vibrio cholerae can enter into a viable but non-culturable (VBNC) state in order to survive in unfavorable environments. In this study, we studied the roles of five physicochemical and microbiological factors or states, namely, different strains, growth phases, oxygen, temperature, and starvation, on the development of VBNC of V. cholerae in artificial sea water (ASW). Different strains of the organism, the growth phase, and oxygen levels affected the progress of VBNC development. It was found that the VBNC state was induced faster in V. cholerae serogroup O1 classical biotype strain O395 than in O1 El Tor biotype strains C6706 and N16961. When cells in different growth phases were used for VBNC induction, stationary-phase cells lost their culturability more quickly than exponential-phase cells, while induction of a totally non-culturable state took longer to achieve for stationary-phase cells in all three strains, suggesting that heterogeneity of cells should be considered. Aeration strongly accelerated the loss of culturability. During the development of the VBNC state, the culturable cell count under aeration conditions was almost 10(6)-fold lower than under oxygen-limited conditions for all three strains. The other two factors, temperature and nutrients-rich environment, may prevent the induction of VBNC cells. At 22 or 37°C in ASW, most of the cells rapidly died and the culturable cell count reduced from about 10(8) to 10(6)-10(5) CFU/mL. The total cell counts showed that cells that lost viability were decomposed, and the viable cell counts were the same as culturable cell counts, indicating that the cells did not reach the VBNC state. VBNC state development was blocked when ASW was supplied with Luria-Bertani broth (LB), but it was not affected in ASW with M9, suggesting that specific nutrients in LB may prevent the development of VBNC state. These results revealed that the five factors evaluated in this study had different roles during the progress of VBNC

  17. Military Housing: Enhancements Needed to Housing Allowance Process and Information Sharing among Services

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    United States Government Accountability Office GAO Report to Congressional Committees MILITARY HOUSING Enhancements Needed...separately. Page ii GAO-11-462 Military Housing Page 1 GAO-11-462 United States Government Accountability Office Washington, DC 20548 May 16...00-2011 to 00-00-2011 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Military Housing : Enhancements Needed to Housing Allowance Process and Information Sharing among

  18. Military psychiatry in India

    PubMed Central

    Prabhu, H. R. A.

    2010-01-01

    Military personnel, because of the unique nature of their duties and services, are likely to be under stress which at times has no parallel in civilian life. The stress of combat and service in extreme weather conditions often act as major stressors. The modern practices in military psychiatry had their beginning during the two World Wars, more particularly, the IInd World War. The GHPU concept had the beginning in India with military hospitals having such establishments in the care of their clientele. As the nation gained independence, many of the military psychiatrists shifted to the civil stream and contributed immensely in the development of modern psychiatry in India. In the recent years military psychiatry has been given the status of a subspecialty chapter and the military psychiatrists have been regularly organizing CMEs and training programs for their members to prepare them to function in the special role of military psychiatrists. PMID:21836702

  19. The Role of State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems in Promoting Cultural Competence and Effective Cross-Cultural Communication. Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series, Number 8

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sareen, Harvinder; Visencio, Diane; Russ, Shirley; Halfon, Neal

    2005-01-01

    If early childhood systems are to be effective at the population level then they must be able to provide family-centered care to all the racial, ethnic and cultural groups that they serve. Despite major policy driven and technological advances in healthcare, health disparities across different races and ethnicities persist. For example, the infant…

  20. Cultural lag: A new challenge for mastitis control on dairy farms in the United States.

    PubMed

    Erskine, R J; Martinez, R O; Contreras, G A

    2015-11-01

    Recent changes in the US dairy industry include increases in herd size and the proportion of milk that is produced by large herds. These changes have been accompanied by an increased reliance on hired employees and an increasing role of immigrant labor to perform critical tasks such as milking cows. Thus, there is a growing need for training and education programs for dairy employees because many employees lack previous dairy experience and employee turnover rates are problematic on many farms. Although extension programs have played an important role in the education and support of dairy producers and allied professionals in attaining improved milk quality, dairy employees have limited access to educational programs. Additionally, metrics to assess employee learning are not validated and the ability to sustain work-related behavioral change has not been well described. In this article, we propose a model that may further our understanding of communication and cultural barriers between dairy managers and employees, based on a demonstration project in 12 Michigan dairy herds. As part of this demonstration, a pilot survey was tested to assess the management culture on dairy farms. Results from this survey found that only 23% of employees across all herds were able to meet with farm management on a regular basis, 36% of employees did not know somatic cell count goals for the farm for which they worked, and 71% of employees stated they primarily received training on milking protocols by other employees or that they learned on their own. Latino employees were more likely to not know farm goals or receive primary training on milking protocols from other employees or on their own compared with their English-speaking counterparts. The survey information, along with input from focus group discussions with participating dairy producers, veterinarians, and employees, suggests that extension needs to build capacity for on-farm training and education for employees to support

  1. Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging for cultural heritage management: state of art and perspectives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Catapano, Ilaria; Soldovieri, Francesco

    2014-05-01

    Non-invasive diagnostic tools able to provide information on the materials and preservation state of artworks are crucial to help conservators, archaeologists and anthropologists to plan and carry out their tasks properly. In this frame, technological solutions exploiting Terahertz (THz) radiation, i.e., working at frequencies ranging from 0.1 to 10 THz, are currently deserving huge attention as complementary techniques to classical analysis methodologies based on electromagnetic radiations from X-rays to mid infrared [1]. The main advantage offered by THz spectroscopy and imaging systems is referred to their capability of providing information useful to determine the construction modality, the history life and the conservation state of artworks as well as to identify previous restoration actions [1,2]. In particular, unlike mid- and near-infrared spectroscopy, which provides fingerprint absorption spectra depending on the intramolecular behavior, THz spectroscopy is related to the structure of the molecules of the investigated object. Hence, it can discriminate, for instance, the different materials mixed in a paint [1,2]. Moreover, THz radiation is able to penetrate several materials which are opaque to both visible and infrared materials, such as varnish, paint, plaster, paper, wood, plastic, and so on. Accordingly, it is useful to detect hidden objects and characterize the inner structure of the artwork under test even in the direction of the depth, while avoiding core drillings. In this frame, THz systems allow us to discriminate different layers of materials present in artworks like paints, to obtain images providing information on the construction technique as well as to discover risk factors affecting the preservation state, such as non-visible cracks, hidden molds and air gaps between the paint layer and underlying structure. Furthermore, adopting a no-ionizing radiation, THz systems offer the not trivial benefit of negligible long term risks to the

  2. Live Site Demonstrations - Massachusetts Military Reservation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-26

    MetalMapper Sensor; Advanced electromagnetic induction ; UXO; Classification; Live Site Demonstration; Massachusetts Military Reservation 16. SECURITY...Berkeley UXO Discriminator CD cultural debris CIA Central Impact Area cm centimeter DAQ data acquisition computer EMI electromagnetic induction ...advanced electromagnetic induction sensors developed specifically for discrimination on real sites under operational conditions. • Investigate in

  3. Paradigm Change in Military Education and Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Herbert H.; Reigeluth, Charles M.

    2014-01-01

    All branches of the U.S. military are moving toward education and training that is tailored to meet individuals' needs wherever they are and whenever they are ready to learn. The result will be a culture of continuous, personalized learning with learner progress that is based on proficiency and a greater emphasis on technology-enabled immersive…

  4. PTSD among military personnel.

    PubMed

    Creamer, Mark; Wade, Darryl; Fletcher, Susan; Forbes, David

    2011-04-01

    Although symptoms characteristic of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been noted in military personnel for many centuries, it was not until 1980 that the disorder was formally recognized and became the focus of legitimate study. This paper reviews our current state of knowledge regarding the prevalence and course of this complex condition in past and present members of the defence forces. Although rates vary across conflicts and countries, there is no doubt that PTSD affects substantial numbers of personnel and results in considerable impairment in functioning and quality of life. The paper goes on to discuss recent attempts to build resilience and to promote adjustment following deployment, noting that there is little evidence at this stage upon which to draw firm conclusions. Finally, effective treatment for PTSD is reviewed, with particular reference to the challenges posed by this population in a treatment setting.

  5. The Impact of Cultural Diversity on Special Education Provision in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palawat, Manisara; May, Michael E.

    2012-01-01

    Cultural background influences one's understanding of intellectual and/or developmental disabilities. More specifically, the cultural perspectives of parents and special education professionals may affect decision-making in providing appropriate services for children with disabilities. Therefore, cultural distinctions may present a unique…

  6. Culture, state and varieties of capitalism: a comparative study of life insurance markets in Hong Kong and Taiwan.

    PubMed

    Chan, Cheris Shun-Ching

    2012-03-01

    This article examines the interplay between local culture, the state, and economic actors' agency in producing variation across markets. I adopt a political-cultural approach to examining why life insurance has been far more popular in Taiwan than Hong Kong, despite the presence of a cultural taboo on the topic of premature death in both societies. Based on interview data and documentary references, the findings reveal that as an independent state, the Taiwanese government heavily protected domestic insurance firms during their emergence. These domestic firms adopted a market-share approach by re-defining the concept of life insurance to accommodate the local cultural taboo. The colonial Hong Kong government, on the other hand, adopted laissez-faire policies that essentially favoured foreign insurance firms. When faced with the tension between local adaptation and the profitability of the business, these foreign firms chose the latter. Their reluctance to accommodate local cultures, however, resulted in a smaller market. I argue that state actions mediate who the dominant economic players are and that the nature of the dominant players affects the extent of localization. Specifically, the presence of competitive domestic players alongside transnational corporations is more likely to produce varieties of capitalism.

  7. Gallic acid and tannase accumulation during fungal solid state culture of a tannin-rich desert plant (Larrea tridentata Cov.).

    PubMed

    Treviño-Cueto, B; Luis, M; Contreras-Esquivel, J C; Rodríguez, R; Aguilera, A; Aguilar, C N

    2007-02-01

    Larrea tridentata (Sesse & Mocino ex DC.) Coville, also known as Larrea, gobernadora, chaparral, or creosote bush, is a shrubby plant which dominates some areas of the desert southwest in the United States and Northern Mexico and its use has not been exploited and standardized. In this study, gobernadora was studied to evaluate its potential use for support of solid state culture. Influence of two minimal media added with gobernadora powder as the sole carbon source and inducer of tannin-degrading enzymes was evaluated. Cultures were initially 70% moisture, had a pH of 5.5 and were inoculated with Aspergillus niger Aa-20 at 2 x 10(7) spores per gram of media. Analysis of pH, moisture, tannin uptake, gallic acid accumulation and tannase production were evaluated. Results indicated a high content of condensed (39.4%dm) and hydrolysable (22.8%dm) tannins. Invasion capacity of fungal growth was of 0.15 mmh(-1). Tannase production reached values of 1040 Ul(-1) at 43 h of culture. During the first 48 h of culture, the concentration of gallic acid accumulation was 0.33 gl(-1). Gobernadora is a potential source of gallic acid and tannase production by solid state culture; however, further optimization of the process is needed.

  8. Invertase activity of intact cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae growing on sugar cane molasses. 1. Steady-state continuous culture tests

    SciTech Connect

    Vitolo, M.; Vairo, M.L.R.; Borzani, W.

    1985-08-01

    During the steady-state continuous culture of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on sugar cane blackstrap molasses under different experimental conditions, oscillatory variations of the invertase activity of the intact yeast cells were observed. The continuous morphological changes of the cells wall and of the periplasmic space affecting the interaction between invertase and sucrose molecules could be responsible by the observed oscillatory phenomena. The average invertase activity at the steady state is linearly correlated to the cell's growth rate.

  9. Environment, People, and Culture. New Mexico State University: A Land-Grant Institution. Vol. 1, Parts 1 and 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodwell, David, Ed.; And Others

    The tri-dimensional mandate of the land-grant institution--to teach, to research, and to serve--finds a common meeting place at the New Mexico State University. The New Mexico State University has tri-cultural concerns arising from the special needs of the population that it serves. The age-old problem of water in an arid land, the new challenge…

  10. Secondary and tertiary transfer of vaccinia virus among U.S. military personnel--United States and worldwide, 2002-2004.

    PubMed

    2004-02-13

    In December 2002, the Department of Defense (DoD) began vaccinating military personnel as part of the pre-event vaccination program. Because vaccinia virus is present on the skin at the site of vaccination, it can spread to other parts of the body (i.e., autoinoculation) or to contacts of vaccinees (i.e., contact transfer). To prevent autoinoculation and contact transfer, DoD gave vaccinees printed information that focused on hand washing, covering the vaccination site, and limiting contact with infants (1,2). This report describes cases of contact transfer of vaccinia virus among vaccinated military personnel since December 2002; findings indicate that contact transfer of vaccinia virus is rare. Continued efforts are needed to educate vaccinees about the importance of proper vaccination-site care in preventing contact transmission, especially in household settings.

  11. Decolorization of synthetic dyes by solid state cultures of Lentinula (Lentinus) edodes producing manganese peroxidase as the main ligninolytic enzyme.

    PubMed

    Boer, Cinthia Gandolfi; Obici, Larissa; de Souza, Cristina Giatti Marques; Peralta, Rosane M

    2004-09-01

    The ability of the white-rot fungus Lentinula (Lentinus) edodes to decolorize several synthetic dyes was investigated using solid state cultures with corn cob as substrate. Cultures, containing amido black, congo red, trypan blue, methyl green, remazol brilliant blue R, methyl violet, ethyl violet and Poly R478 at 200 ppm, were completely decolorized after 18 days of incubation. Partial decolorization was observed in the cultures containing 200 ppm of brilliant cresyl blue and methylene blue. High manganese peroxidase activity (2600 U/g substrate), but very low lignin peroxidase (<10 U/g substrate) and laccase (<16 U/g substrate) activities were detected in the cultures. In vitro, the dye decolorization was markedly decreased by the absence of manganic ions and H2O2. These data suggest that manganese peroxidase appear to be the main responsible for the capability of L. edodes to decolorize synthetic dyes.

  12. Implementation and dissemination of military informed and evidence-based interventions for community dwelling military families.

    PubMed

    Murphy, Robert A; Fairbank, John A

    2013-12-01

    Community dwelling military families from the National Guard and Reserve contend with deployment-related stressors in relative isolation, living in communities where mental health providers may have little knowledge of military culture. When they are community residents, active duty service members and families tend to live in close proximity to their military installations. This article will focus primarily on the challenges to quality mental health care for reserve component (RC) families. Where studies of RC families are absent, those of active component (AC) families will be highlighted as relevant. Upon completion of a deployment, reintegration for RC families is complicated by high rates of symptomatology, low service utilization, and greater barriers to care relative to AC families. A paucity of providers skilled in evidence-based treatments (EBTs) limits community mental health capacity to serve RC military families. Several emergent programs illustrate the potential for better serving community dwelling military families. Approaches include behavioral health homes, EBTs and treatment components, structured resiliency and parent training, military informed schools, outreach methods, and technology-based coping, and psychoeducation. Methods from implementation science to improve clinical skill acquisition and spread and sustainability of EBTs may advance access to and quality of mental health treatment and are reviewed herein. Recommendations related to research methods, military knowledge and treatment competencies, and transition to a public health model of service delivery are discussed.

  13. Historical and contemporary cultural ecosystem service values in the rapidly urbanizing city state of Singapore.

    PubMed

    Thiagarajah, Jharyathri; Wong, Shermaine K M; Richards, Daniel R; Friess, Daniel A

    2015-11-01

    Cultural ecosystem services are a function of people and place, so may change as a location transitions from rural to urban. Singapore has undergone rapid urbanization after its independence in 1965, with a concomitant decline in natural habitat extent and accessibility. Using coastal mangrove forests as a case study habitat, changing cultural values were explored with a novel array of techniques, including qualitative archival analysis (photographs, oral histories), current sources (publically uploaded social media photographs), and surveys of (a) the general public and (b) visitors to publically accessible mangroves. Cultural value changed through time, with a significant transition from intrinsic, intrapersonal values (spiritual, cultural heritage) to instrumental, interpersonal values (recreation, education). Additionally, cultural value varied between different mangroves depending on their public accessibility, and the evolving degree of human interaction with the ecosystem as urban development occured. Cultural values change as development transitions, though mangroves still play an important cultural role in a heavily urbanized environment.

  14. Low temperature-induced viable but not culturable state of Ralstonia eutropha and its relationship to accumulated polyhydroxybutyrate

    PubMed Central

    Nowroth, Verena; Marquart, Lisa; Jendrossek, Dieter

    2016-01-01

    The culturability of Escherichia coli, Ralstonia eutropha and Bacillus subtilis after incubation in phosphate-buffered saline at either 5°C or 30°C was determined. The culturability of B. subtilis showed little dependence on temperature. The culturability of E. coli rapidly decreased at 30°C but remained almost constant at 5°C. In contrast, the culturability of R. eutropha decreased by three orders of magnitude at 5°C within 24 h but only moderately decreased (one order of magnitude) at 30°C. Remarkably, prolonged incubation of R. eutropha at 30°C resulted in a full recovery of colony forming units in contrast to only a partial recovery at 5°C. Ralstonia eutropha cells at 30°C remained culturable for 3 weeks while culturability at 5°C constantly decreased. The effect of temperature was significantly stronger in a polyhydroxybutyrate-negative mutant. Our data show that accumulated polyhydroxybutyrate has a cold-protective function and can prevent R. eutropha entering the viable but not culturable state. PMID:27810883

  15. Proceedings of the (20th) Annual Military Librarians’ Workshop on Public Relations, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, 20-22 October 1976

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-10-22

    of their overall collection. Paul Klinefelter has remarked that DDC intends someday to provide the kind of snared cataloging for technical reports that...Military History Research Collection Naval Observatory Library Carlisle Uarracks, Pennsylvania 17013 34th and Massachusetts Avenue, N.W. - Autovon: 242-3600...Maryland 20910 Columbus, Georgia 31905 Autovon: 290-2545 Autovon: 835-4053 I PAUL KLINEFELTER UNA HUGGINS Deputy Dircctor of Technical Services Army

  16. Past Childhood Abuse and Present Alcohol Use as Risk Factors for Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempt in United States Military Active Duty Personnel, 2008

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-01

    Abuse and Alcoholism, Research Findings on Underage Drinking and the Minimum Legal Drinking Age, 28 Aug 2008, URL: http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/AboutNIAAA...a notable rate of current heavy drinking among members. Prior studies in the general population demonstrated associations between childhood abuse...of active duty military revealed a high prevalence of members with past childhood abuse and a notable rate of current heavy drinking among members

  17. Genomic Characterization of Adenovirus 21 Strains Associated With Outbreaks of Febrile Respiratory Illness in United States Military Recruit Training Centers Between 1996 and 2005

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-02

    available for Dutch and German Ad21 strains (2, 29) and also for Malaysian strains isolated during an outbreak of enterovirus 71 -associated hand, foot, and...surveillance efforts in these highly susceptible and impacted populations. Ad21 infections among US military recruits 3 INTRODUCTION 1 2 3 4...affect the majority of the recruit population and result in hospitalization of large numbers of individuals. Aside from the unacceptable impact on

  18. The Proceedings of the War and Morality Symposium held at United States Military Academy, West Point, New York on 1-2 May 1980,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-01-01

    RESPONSIBILITIES IN WAR.....................29 by LTG William R. Peers (USA, Reired) THE MORALITY OF MILITARY INTERVENTION THE MORALITY OF...University from 1973-74. Two of Profes- sor Brandt’s books are Ethical Th (1959) andA Theory of the Good anT "h" Kt (19). .Professo Thomas Nagel -Thomas... Nagel is Professor of Philosophy atPilnceton University. He was edu- cated at Cornell, Oxford, and Harvard and taught for three years at Berkeley

  19. Looking Through the Fog: United States National Security Strategy, National Military Strategy, Air Force Doctrine and the Impacts to ISR (1990-2012)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-01

    imagery available, and 90% of the targeting information to the ground forces.9 In Kosovo, Maj Gen William T. Hobbins wrote, “we never dropped a bomb on a... EO / IR ) or ASARS (SAR) during ground ops. 5 platforms provided military planners a different approach to battlefield intelligence. Much like the...capability to carry electro-optical ( EO )/ infrared ( IR ) camera, or a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) system, depending on the mission set or intelligence

  20. Military Suicide

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-05-01

    CDYA) programs. (S) Evaluate the appropriateness and, if appropriate, the Feasibility of operating a crisis hot line in all Army MTFs which maintain...Affairs), Washington, D.C., July 1985. 2. Deparatment of Health and Human Services, Helth Unitgd States. 1584, December 1S8’*. 3. Wood, Major Billy R...James E., Jr. "Suicide Prevention in the Air Force: A Training Guide For Crisis Intervention Service Volunteer Counselors". Unpublished Air Command

  1. The role of the United States military in the development of vector control products, including insect repellents, insecticides, and bed nets.

    PubMed

    Kitchen, Lynn W; Lawrence, Kendra L; Coleman, Russell E

    2009-06-01

    Arthropod-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue, scrub typhus, and leishmaniasis continue to pose a significant threat to U.S. military forces deployed in support of operational and humanitarian missions. These diseases are transmitted by a variety of arthropods, including mosquitoes, ticks, chiggers, sand flies, and biting midges. In addition to disease threats, biting arthropods can cause dermatitis, allergic reactions, and sleep loss; therefore, monitoring of vector impact and integrated use of personal protective measures (PPM) and methods to reduce the vector populations are needed to protect service members. The U.S. military has played a vital role in vector identification tools and the development and testing of many of the most effective PPM and vector control products available today, including the topical repellent DEET and the repellent/insecticide permethrin, which is applied to clothing and bed nets. Efforts to develop superior products are ongoing. Although the U.S. military often needs vector control products with rather specific properties (e.g., undetectable, long-lasting in multiple climates) in order to protect its service members, many Department of Defense vector control products have had global impacts on endemic disease control.

  2. Culturally Diverse and Underserved Populations of Gifted Students in the United States and in Taiwan: Equitable Access to Gifted Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Ya-Ting

    2014-01-01

    There is a continuing increase in the African American and Hispanic student populations in public schools. The students who are invited to gifted programs are overwhelmingly White. This is the situation in schools in the United States and also in Taiwan. Misunderstanding or unawareness of culture difference among educators might contribute to…

  3. Is Longing Only for Germans? A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Sehnsucht in Germany and the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scheibe, Susanne; Blanchard-Fields, Fredda; Wiest, Maja; Freund, Alexandra M.

    2011-01-01

    "Sehnsucht", the longing or yearning for ideal yet seemingly unreachable states of life, is a salient topic in German culture and has proven useful for understanding self-regulation across adulthood in a German sample (e.g., Scheibe, Freund, & Baltes, 2007). The current study tested whether findings for German samples could be…

  4. A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Factors Associated with School Bullying in Japan and the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilton, Jeanne M.; Anngela-Cole, Linda; Wakita, Juri

    2010-01-01

    Researchers in both Japan and in the United States have documented that bullying is a common and potentially damaging form of violence among children. The authors' review highlights distinct cross-cultural patterns of personal, family, peer, and school characteristics that predict gender differences in bullying and victimization. Cross-cultural…

  5. Living in the United States. A Brief Introduction to the Culture for Visitors, Students and Business Travelers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawkinson, Anni; Clark, Raymond C.

    The guide provides a brief introduction to the culture and language of the United States, and is designed for visitors, students, and business travelers. It offers practical information on various aspects of daily living, including: money and banks; food; restaurants; drinking and smoking laws; hotels; postal and telecommunications services;…

  6. Culturally Afforded Tensions in the Second Life Metaverse: From Sustainability Initiatives in Europe to Sustainability Practices in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadjistassou, Stella K.

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated the culturally contingent tensions afforded by the implementation of Second Life in transatlantic communications among 13 college-level students at a Southwestern academic institution in the United States and their instructor and an assistant professor and his graduate student at a Greek-speaking academic institution. The…

  7. She Is My Language Broker: How Does Cultural Capital Benefit Asian Immigrant Children in the United States?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Md-Yunus, Sham'ah

    2011-01-01

    Cultural capital benefits Asian immigrant children when they become language brokers. This skill can also benefit their parents and families in the United States. Language brokering may shape and possibly enhance students' academic performance and can further children's linguistic and academic achievement. (Contains 2 figures and 1 table.)

  8. Reverse micellar extraction of fungal glucoamylase produced in solid-state fermentation culture.

    PubMed

    Paraj, Aliakbar; Khanahmadi, Morteza; Karimi, Keikhosro; Taherzadeh, Mohammad J

    2014-12-28

    Partial purification of glucoamylase from solid-state fermentation culture was, firstly, investigated by reverse micellar extraction (RME). To avoid back extraction problems, the glucoamylase was kept in the original aqueous phase, while the other undesired proteins/ enzymes were moved to the reverse micellar organic phase. The individual and interaction effects of main factors (i.e., pH and NaCl concentration in the aqueous phase, and concentration of sodium bis-2-ethyl-hexyl-sulfosuccinate (AOT) in the organic phase) were studied using response surface methodology. The optimum conditions for the maximum recovery of the enzyme were pH 2.75, 100 mM NaCl, and 200 mM AOT. Furthermore, the optimum organic to aqueous volume ratio (Vorg/Vaq) and appropriate number of sequential extraction stages were 2 and 3, respectively. Finally, 60% of the undesired enzymes including proteases and xylanases were removed from the aqueous phase, while 140% of glucoamylase activity was recovered in the aqueous phase and the purification factor of glucoamylase was found to be 3.0-fold.

  9. Military Advice and Civil-Military Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-21

    Ballinger Publishing Company, 1985. Builder, Carl H. The Masks of war: American Military Styles in Strategy and Analysis. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins...9 Carl H. Builder, The Masks of war: American Military Styles in Strategy and Analysis (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins...11 Carl von Clausewitz, On War, ed. Michael Howard and Peter Paret (New York, New York: Everyman’s Library , 1993), 733. 6 importance and thus the

  10. Military Advice and Civil-Military Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-01

    Ballinger Publishing Company, 1985. Builder, Carl H. The Masks of war: American Military Styles in Strategy and Analysis. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins...9 Carl H. Builder, The Masks of war: American Military Styles in Strategy and Analysis (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins...11 Carl von Clausewitz, On War, ed. Michael Howard and Peter Paret (New York, New York: Everyman’s Library , 1993), 733. 6 importance and thus the

  11. Success of Job Corps Personnel Entering the Military.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-01

    unlimited Success of Job Corps Personnel Entering the Military by Guy Joseph Carrier Lieutenant, United States Navy B.S., United States Naval Academy, 1972...military service of the United States during the period 1968-1978. The intent of this introductory chapter is twofold. First, a short description of...8Congressional Budget Office, Congress of the United States , CETA Reauthorization Issues, August, 1978. 9Benefits and Responsibilities, portion of DOD/DOL

  12. The cultural gap delivering health care services to Arab American populations in the United States.

    PubMed

    Aboul-Enein, Basil H; Aboul-Enein, Faisal H

    2010-01-01

    The relationship between Middle Eastern patients and populations of Arab origin with western health care professionals are by no means free of cultural misunderstandings. The relationship is often strained by mutual cultural misunderstanding as well as communicative and linguistic hardship. Even though people from the Middle East do vary racially, they do have shared values and behavior. This can include the importance of family cohesion, and interactive attitudes toward ailments and health. Some issues and concerns in providing health care could vary from attaining adequate information to communicated suggested behavioral change by a patient. Culturally and linguistically appropriate guidelines are warranted to provide an understanding of the cultural distinctiveness of Arab Eastern patients by shortening the gap between the Arab cultures with the western medical culture thus improving their healthcare needs.

  13. Ending the Military’s Counternarcotics Mission

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-03

    substances to the United States,” as a principal foreign policy objective of the Bush Administration. The Directive stated that narcotics abuse is...would purchase illegal substances . Toward that end, the US military trains and equips the armed forces and law enforcement agencies of other countries...countries: Peru, Colombia , Afghanistan, Bolivia, Ecuador, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia

  14. About Military Sexual Trauma

    MedlinePlus Videos and Cool Tools

    ... out why Close About Military Sexual Trauma Veterans Health Administration Loading... Unsubscribe from Veterans Health Administration? Cancel Unsubscribe Working... Subscribe Subscribed Unsubscribe 12, ...

  15. Reflections on military psychiatry.

    PubMed

    Arthur, R J

    1978-07-01

    The need for psychiatrists in the military was recognized for the first time during World War I, which involved millions of men in unusually protracted warfare. The policy of treating psychiatric casualties close to the from and returning soldiers to their military units as quickly as possible proved of great significance in the U.S. war effort. During World War II, the Korean conflict, and the war in Viet Nam, military psychiatry made great contributions and learned many lessions, both at home and abroad. The lessions learned by military psychiatry have important applications for the rest of medicine, especially in the fields of stress, crisis therapy, and community psychiatry.

  16. Grooming and cultural socialization: a mixed method study of caregiving practices in Burma (Myanmar) and the United States.

    PubMed

    Thein-Lemelson, Seinenu M

    2015-02-01

    Grooming behaviours are thought to be a crucial aspect of parenting and integral to the sociality of non-human mammals, but there have been few empirical studies on how grooming might be relevant to parenting and socialization processes in humans. Study 1 is a quantitative cross-cultural comparison of grooming practices in two cultural settings: an urban centre in Burma (Myanmar) and an urban centre in the United States. The study uses naturalistic video data of 57 families to analyse grooming behaviours directed at children. A broad range of ages was sampled in each culture to examine the developmental trajectory of grooming behaviours. Results indicate that significant cultural differences exist between Burma and the United States, with Burmese children being groomed by their caregivers more often than U.S. children. Results also indicate that cultural differences in grooming practices begin early and remain constant across age. An unexpected finding was that Burmese families were more variable in their behaviour than U.S. families. Study 2 attempts to explain this variability by using ethnography to describe how sociodemographic changes in Burma are leading to changes in parental values and socialization practices in the schools, but how embodied primary care in the homes appear resistant to change.

  17. A PRELIMINARY STUDY OF ACQUIRING CROSS-CULTURAL INTERACTION SKILLS THROUGH SELF-CONFRONTATION. FINAL REPORT JUL 1964-AUG 1964.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    EACHUS, HERBERT T.; HAINES, DONALD B.

    AN EXPERIMENT CARRIED OUT TO ASSESS THE RELATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF TWO METHODS OF TRAINING UNITED STATES AIR FORCE MILITARY ADVISORS IN CROSS-CULTURAL SKILLS REQUIRED SUBJECTS TO PLAY THE ROLE OF AN AMERICAN AIR FORCE CAPTAIN WHO HAD TO INTERACT, IN SPECIFIED WAYS, WITH A FOREIGN COUNTERPART PLAYED BY AN ACTOR. A LIST OF 34 BEHAVIORS APPROPRIATE TO…

  18. ACQUISITION AND RETENTION OF CROSS-CULTURAL INTERACTION SKILLS THROUGH SELF-CONFRONTATION. FINAL REPORT APR 1965-SEP 1965.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    EACHUS, HERBERT T.; KING, PHILIP H.

    AN EXPERIMENT TESTED THE RELATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF TWO TECHNIQUES FOR TRAINING UNITED STATES AIR FORCE MILITARY ADVISORS IN CROSS CULTURAL COMMUNICATION SKILLS. RETENTION OF SKILLS OVER TIME AND EFFECTS OF ATTITUDE ON LEARNING WERE ALSO STUDIED. SUBJECTS PLAYED THE ROLE OF AN AIR FORCE CAPTAIN INTERACTING WITH A FOREIGN COUNTERPART, PLAYED BY A…

  19. Correlations between social-emotional feelings and anterior insula activity are independent from visceral states but influenced by culture

    PubMed Central

    Immordino-Yang, Mary Helen; Yang, Xiao-Fei; Damasio, Hanna

    2014-01-01

    The anterior insula (AI) maps visceral states and is active during emotional experiences, a functional confluence that is central to neurobiological accounts of feelings. Yet, it is unclear how AI activity correlates with feelings during social emotions, and whether this correlation may be influenced by culture, as studies correlating real-time AI activity with visceral states and feelings have focused on Western subjects feeling physical pain or basic disgust. Given psychological evidence that social-emotional feelings are cognitively constructed within cultural frames, we asked Chinese and American participants to report their feeling strength to admiration and compassion-inducing narratives during fMRI with simultaneous electrocardiogram recording. Trial-by-trial, cardiac arousal and feeling strength correlated with ventral and dorsal AI activity bilaterally but predicted different variance, suggesting that interoception and social-emotional feeling construction are concurrent but dissociable AI functions. Further, although the variance that correlated with cardiac arousal did not show cultural effects, the variance that correlated with feelings did. Feeling strength was especially associated with ventral AI activity (the autonomic modulatory sector) in the Chinese group but with dorsal AI activity (the visceral-somatosensory/cognitive sector) in an American group not of Asian descent. This cultural group difference held after controlling for posterior insula (PI) activity and was replicated. A bi-cultural East-Asian American group showed intermediate results. The findings help elucidate how the AI supports feelings and suggest that previous reports that dorsal AI activation reflects feeling strength are culture related. More broadly, the results suggest that the brain's ability to construct conscious experiences of social emotion is less closely tied to visceral processes than neurobiological models predict and at least partly open to cultural influence and

  20. Persistence and Potential Viable but Non-culturable State of Pathogenic Bacteria during Storage of Digestates from Agricultural Biogas Plants

    PubMed Central

    Maynaud, Geraldine; Pourcher, Anne-Marie; Ziebal, Christine; Cuny, Anais; Druilhe, Céline; Steyer, Jean-Philippe; Wéry, Nathalie

    2016-01-01

    Despite the development of on-farm anaerobic digestion as a process for making profitable use of animal by-products, factors leading to the inactivation of pathogenic bacteria during storage of digestates remain poorly described. Here, a microcosm approach was used to evaluate the persistence of three pathogenic bacteria (Salmonella enterica Derby, Campylobacter coli and Listeria monocytogenes) in digestates from farms, stored for later land spreading. Nine samples, including raw digestates, liquid fractions of digestate and composted digestates, were inoculated with each pathogen and maintained for 40 days at 24°C. Concentrations of pathogens were monitored using culture and qPCR methods. The persistence of L. monocytogenes, detected up to 20 days after inoculation, was higher than that of Salmonella Derby, detected for 7–20 days, and of C. coli (not detected after 7 days). In some digestates, the concentration of the pathogens by qPCR assay was several orders of magnitude higher than the concentration of culturable cells, suggesting a potential loss of culturability and induction of Viable but Non-Culturable (VBNC) state. The potential VBNC state which was generally not observed in the same digestate for the three pathogens, occurred more frequently for C. coli and L. monocytogenes than for Salmonella Derby. Composting a digestate reduced the persistence of seeded L. monocytogenes but promoted the maintenance of Salmonella Derby. The effect of NH4+/NH3 on the culturability of C. coli and Salmonella Derby was also shown. The loss of culturability may be the underlying mechanism for the regrowth of pathogens. We have also demonstrated the importance of using molecular tools to monitor pathogens in environmental samples since culture methods may underestimate cell concentration. Our results underline the importance of considering VBNC cells when evaluating the sanitary effect of an anaerobic digestion process and the persistence of pathogens during the storage of

  1. Effect of cultural conditions on antrodin C production by basidiomycete Antrodia camphorata in solid-state fermentation.

    PubMed

    Xia, Yongjun; Wang, Yuanlong; Zhang, Bobo; Xu, Ganrong; Ai, Lianzhong

    2014-01-01

    Antrodia camphorata is a medicinal fungus and antrodin C is one of the main bioactive components of A. camphorata in the submerged fermentation (SmF). To optimize the culture conditions, the factors influencing the production of antrodin C by A. camphorata under solid-state fermentation (SSF) were investigated in this study. Different solid substrates and external nitrogen sources were tested for their efficiency in producing antrodin C. The response surface methodology was applied to evaluate the influence of several variables, namely, the concentrations of soybean meal, initial moisture content, and inoculum density on antrodin C production in solid-state fermentation. The experimental results show that the optimum fermentation medium for antrodin C production by A. camphorata was composed of 0.578 g soybean meal, 0.05 g Na2 HPO4 , 0.05 g MgSO4 for 100 g rice, with 51.83% initial moisture content, 22 day culture time, 28 °C culture temperature, and 35.54% inoculum density. At optimized conditions, 6,617.36 ± 92.71 mg kg(-1) yield of antrodin C was achieved. Solid-state fermentation is one good cultural method to improve the production of antrodin C by A. camphorata.

  2. Marriage of military and commercial RECCE products for surveillance applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Regan, Brendan P.

    1994-10-01

    During recent years, in order to meet increased demands for aerial surveillance data and due to decreased availability of support from military tactical reconnaissance organizations, many state and federal agencies have begun to expand their organic reconnaissance capabilities. Agencies have attempted to minimize system costs by procuring excess military sensors, only to find that adaptation of existing military sensor control and data annotation systems, or development of application specific systems, is cost prohibitive. One proposed solution to this dilemma, as presented within this paper, is user integrated reconnaissance systems which can include excess military sensors, but which also make extensive use of cost effective commercially procurable reconnaissance management system (RMS) components.

  3. Funeral Processions, Street Urchins, Education, and Surveillance--The Relationship between Education, State Building, Vagrancy, and Cultural Change in Stockholm, Sweden in the Latter Half of the Seventeenth Century

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandin, Bengt

    2003-01-01

    A modernization of the educational system was an important priority for the government. Sweden emerged as a dominant military power during the 17th century. The new schools were then established in the midst of a social, political, and cultural transformation with fundamental effects on the school system. The new schools had difficulties freeing…

  4. Committee on Military Nutrition Research

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-06-01

    MILITARY RESEARCH, * NUTRITION , MILITARY PERSONNEL, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), METABOLISM, NUTRIENTS, HIGH ENERGY, MEDICAL RESEARCH, FOOD, DIET, MENTAL ABILITY, WORKSHOPS, BIOMEDICINE, CAFFEINE, SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE.

  5. A Comparison of Safety Culture Associated with Three Engineered Systems in Japan and the United States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tokuhiro, Akira

    The internationally reported nuclear criticality accident at JCO in Tokaimura, Japan has further eroded public confidence in nuclear energy, its related facilities and the (Japanese) government’s ability to handle such a crisis. The JCO accident marked the sixth nuclear-related incident since 1995. The existing state of “safety culture” is being questioned and re-evaluated at a national level. In this work the safety culture associated with engineered systems (ES) such as the automobile, commercial airplane and nuclear power plants (NPP) are evaluated based on a scale-analysis (SA), via proposition of two fundamental parameters called eigenmetrics. The identified eigenmetrics are time- (τ) and number-scales (N) describing both ES and human factors, at the individual and/or societal levels. The SA approach is appropriate because human perception of risk (POR), perception of benefit (POB) and level of (technology) acceptance (LOA) are inherently subjective, therefore “fuzzy” and rarely quantifiable in exact magnitude. POR expressed in terms of the psychometric factors “dread risk” and “unknown risk”, contain both time- and number-scale elements. The JCO accident, as well as auto-fatalities, commercial airline accidents and hypothetical NPP accidents are characterized in terms of τ, N and two additional derived parameters of relevance, Nτ and N/τ. We contend that LOA infers a POB at least two orders of magnitude larger than POR. The “amplification” influence of mass-media is also deduced as being 100 to 1000 fold the actual number of fatalities/serious injuries in a nuclear-related accident.

  6. Purification and characterization of two arabinofuranosidases from solid-state cultures of the fungus Penicillium capsulatum.

    PubMed Central

    Filho, E X; Puls, J; Coughlan, M P

    1996-01-01

    Two arabinofuranosidases, termed Ara I and Ara II, from solid-state cultures of Penicillium capsulatum were purified to apparent homogeneity as judged by electrophoresis and isoelectric focusing. Each enzyme is a single subunit glycoprotein, and they have M(r)s and pIs of 64,500 and 4.15 (Ara I) and 62,700 and 4.54 (Ara II), respectively. Ara I is most active at pH 4.0 and 60 degrees C, while Ara II exhibits optimal activity at pH 4.0 and 55 degrees C. Ara I is the more thermostable, with its half-life at 70 degrees C and pH 4.0 being 17.5 min. By contrast, the half-life of Ara II is only 9 min at 60 degrees C and pH 4.0. Ara I has the lower Km and higher catalytic constant values with p-nitrophenyl-alpha-L-arabinofuranoside being used as the substrate. Arabinose, a competitive inhibitor (Ki, 16.4 mM) of Ara II, has no effect on Ara I activity at concentrations of up to 40 mM. Each enzyme catalyzes the release of arabinose from pectin, araban, and certain arabinose-containing xylans. The last activity is enhanced by pretreatment of the relevant substrates with xylanase, ferulic acid esterase, or combinations of these enzymes. Thus, arabinoxylooligosaccharides in which arabinose is the sole side chain substituent appear to be the preferred substrates. On the basis of the evidence cited above, each enzyme has been classified as an alpha-L-arabinofuranoside arabinofuranohydrolase (EC 3.2.1.79). PMID:8572693

  7. Purification and characterization of two arabinofuranosidases from solid-state cultures of the fungus Penicillium capsulatum.

    PubMed

    Filho, E X; Puls, J; Coughlan, M P

    1996-01-01

    Two arabinofuranosidases, termed Ara I and Ara II, from solid-state cultures of Penicillium capsulatum were purified to apparent homogeneity as judged by electrophoresis and isoelectric focusing. Each enzyme is a single subunit glycoprotein, and they have M(r)s and pIs of 64,500 and 4.15 (Ara I) and 62,700 and 4.54 (Ara II), respectively. Ara I is most active at pH 4.0 and 60 degrees C, while Ara II exhibits optimal activity at pH 4.0 and 55 degrees C. Ara I is the more thermostable, with its half-life at 70 degrees C and pH 4.0 being 17.5 min. By contrast, the half-life of Ara II is only 9 min at 60 degrees C and pH 4.0. Ara I has the lower Km and higher catalytic constant values with p-nitrophenyl-alpha-L-arabinofuranoside being used as the substrate. Arabinose, a competitive inhibitor (Ki, 16.4 mM) of Ara II, has no effect on Ara I activity at concentrations of up to 40 mM. Each enzyme catalyzes the release of arabinose from pectin, araban, and certain arabinose-containing xylans. The last activity is enhanced by pretreatment of the relevant substrates with xylanase, ferulic acid esterase, or combinations of these enzymes. Thus, arabinoxylooligosaccharides in which arabinose is the sole side chain substituent appear to be the preferred substrates. On the basis of the evidence cited above, each enzyme has been classified as an alpha-L-arabinofuranoside arabinofuranohydrolase (EC 3.2.1.79).

  8. Dual Language Teachers' Stated Barriers to Implementation of Culturally Relevant Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freire, Juan A.; Valdez, Verónica E.

    2017-01-01

    Culturally relevant pedagogy receives limited attention in many U.S. dual language classrooms. This article focuses on understanding the barriers eight elementary Spanish-English dual language teachers saw as preventing the implementation of culturally relevant pedagogy in their urban classrooms. Employing critical sociocultural theory and drawing…

  9. Good Citizen/Bad Activist: The Cultural Role of the State in Youth Activism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennelly, Jacqueline

    2009-01-01

    Cultural studies is positioned to address various dilemmas by asking, among other important and relevant questions: Who is responding to current urgent social issues, and how are these responders both regulated by and resisting the wider cultural forces within which they navigate? The purpose of this article is to offer some response to these…

  10. Comparing Higher Education Practices and Cultural Competences in Kenya and the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Musamali, Kennedy; Martin, Barbara N.

    2016-01-01

    Examined within this paper are effective leadership practices across two cultures. Specifically, this study examined the relationship between cultural competency and effective leadership practices in higher education institutions. A quantitative design was used to investigate and compare effective practices of educational leaders in two distinct…

  11. Cultural and social determinants of health among indigenous Mexican migrants in the United States.

    PubMed

    Lee, Junghee; Donlan, William; Cardoso, Edgar Ezequiel Orea; Paz, Juan Jesus

    2013-01-01

    Despite growing numbers, indigenous Mexican migrants are relatively invisible to health practitioners who group them with nonindigenous, mestizo Mexican-origin populations. Associations between indigenous and mestizo cultural identifications with psychosocial characteristics and health indicators among indigenous Mexican migrants were examined. Results revealed gender differences in cultural identifications, perceived discrimination, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and various health indicators including depression severity, culture-bound syndromes, and self-rated health. Multivariate regression and structural equation path modeling demonstrated how indigenous cultural identification and perceived discrimination affects health. Findings suggest that interventions should utilize indigenous community-based activities designed to promote self-esteem and the value of indigenous culture, with a focus on females.

  12. An International Comparison of Military Compensation.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-12-01

    for public release; distribution unlimited An International Comparison Of Military Compensation by Myron Clifford Oyloe Major, United States Army B.S...COMPENSATION by Myron Clifford Oyloe Major, United States Army B.S. North Dakota State University, 1967 December 1980 Thesis Advisor: Ragnhild Sohlberg...V) IMyron Clifford /oyloe IMajor, United States Army S. PERFORMING ORG"NI2ATIONMNAME9 AND A0G1RE68 10. PROGRAM ELEMENT. PROJECT. TASK Naval

  13. Clinical and Epidemiologic Characteristics of an Outbreak of Novel H1N1 (Swine Origin) Influenza A Virus among United States Military Beneficiaries

    PubMed Central

    Crum-Cianflone, Nancy F.; Blair, Patrick J.; Faix, Dennis; Arnold, John; Echols, Sara; Sherman, Sterling S.; Tueller, John E.; Warkentien, Tyler; Sanguineti, Gabriela; Bavaro, Mary; Hale, Braden R.

    2010-01-01

    Background A novel swine-origin influenza A (H1N1) virus was identified in March 2009 and subsequently caused worldwide outbreaks. The San Diego region was an early focal point of the emerging pandemic. We describe the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of this novel strain in a military population to assist in future outbreak prevention and control efforts. Methods We performed an epidemiologic evaluation of novel H1N1 virus infections diagnosed in San Diego County among 96,258 local US military beneficiaries. The structured military medical system afforded the ability to obtain precise epidemiologic information on the impact on H1N1 virus infection in a population. The novel H1N1 virus was confirmed using real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR). Results From 21 April through 8 May 2009, 761 patients presented with influenza-like illness and underwent rRT-PCR testing. Of these patients, 97 had confirmed novel H1N1 virus infection, with an incidence rate of 101 cases per 100,000 persons. The median age of H1N1 patients with H1N1 virus infection was 21 years (interquartile range, 15–25 years). Fever was a universal symptom in patients with H1N1 virus infection; other symptoms included cough (present in 96% of patients), myalgia or arthralgia (57%), and sore throat (51%). Sixty-eight (70%) of our patients had an identifiable epidemiologic link to another confirmed patient. The largest cluster of cases of H1N1 virus infection occurred on a Navy ship and involved 32 (8%) of 402 crew members; the secondary attack rate was 6%–14%. The rapid influenza testing that was used during this outbreak had a sensitivity of 51% and specificity of 98%, compared with rRT-PCR. Only 1 patient was hospitalized, and there were no deaths. Conclusions A novel H1N1 influenza A virus caused a significant outbreak among military beneficiaries in San Diego County, including a significant cluster of cases onboard a Navy ship. The outbreak described here

  14. The Glass Ceiling Effect and Its Impact on Mid-Level Female Military Officer Career Progression in the United States Marine Corps and Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-03-01

    society . The Defense Department assured the committee that there would be no attempt to remove restrictions on the kind of military duties women ...lower than the men. Nevertheless more women are entering the Air 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Pe rc en t Ac ad em y RO TC Di rec t A pp t OC S / OT S Ot he...Stay. Womens ’ Enews. Retrieved from http://www.womensenews.org Rostker, B., Thie, H., Lacy, J. L., Kawata, J. H., & Purnell, S . W.(1993). The

  15. [State-of-the-art and prospects of high-tech medical aid to patients with cardiac arrhythmia based at military medical facilities].

    PubMed

    Steklov, V I

    2014-01-01

    Analysis of provision of high-tech medical aid to patients with cardiac arrhythmia based at military medical facilities showed that the available means and workforce are sufficient for the purpose. In order to facilitate access to high-tech medical aid it is necessary to equip arrhythmologic departments with up-to-date-instruments and set up cabinets of electrocardiostimulation in regional (naval) hospitals for implantation of temporary and permanent pacemakers. A program is pending for education (primary specialization) and advanced training of specialists in clinical cardiac electrophysiology, interventional and surgical arrhythmology.

  16. Russian Basic Course: Military Situations, Exercises 1-35.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Defense Language Inst., Washington, DC.

    Thirty-five military situations treated in this volume provide exercises in the use of practical military terminology received from the United States Army General School. Each exercise is devoted to a specific topic, and in each case lists of new words and idioms together with their English equivalents are provided. Lessons consist primarily of…

  17. 32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Civil-military cooperative programs. 634.42... ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS MOTOR VEHICLE TRAFFIC SUPERVISION Traffic Supervision § 634.42 Civil... organized effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities throughout a State or...

  18. 32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS MOTOR VEHICLE TRAFFIC SUPERVISION Traffic Supervision § 634.42 Civil... 32 National Defense 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Civil-military cooperative programs. 634.42... organized effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities throughout a State or...

  19. Guide to Military-Loan Film (16mm).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1969

    Over 1,400 16 millimeter films are listed which are available from United States military organizations. They are free of charge for public, non-profit exhibition and cover a widely diverse range of subjects including vocational education, military history, industrial safety, transportation, and public works. The guide lists these films in…

  20. Liminal Cultural Work in Family Childcare: Latino Immigrant Family Childcare Providers and Bicultural Childrearing in the United States, 2002-2004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uttal, Lynet

    2010-01-01

    Immigrants find themselves in a liminal state of limbo between two societies. In this zone, competing cultural ideas coexist. This essay examines how Latino immigrant family childcare providers in the United States questioned US norms of childrearing and how they engaged in liminal cultural work to produce a bicultural childrearing. They are…