Science.gov

Sample records for military forces gdr

  1. Children in the GDR.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1979

    The four chapters of this book and the many accompanying color photographs describe and portray comprehensive programs of socialist education provided for children in the German Democratic Republic (GDR). The introduction indicates the scope of educational objectives within national and international contexts. The first chapter of the book…

  2. Noroviruses: a challenge for military forces.

    PubMed

    Delacour, H; Dubrous, P; Koeck, J L

    2010-12-01

    For military forces, the control of infectious acute gastroenteritis constitutes an old, constant and unsolved concern. Recent epidemiological studies suggest that the common bacterial causes are being overtaken by viruses. Norviruses are the most alarming group and norovirus outbreaks in military forces are regularly reported. Illness is generally mild and characterised by acute vomiting and diarrhoea, which lasts for a few days on average, but may be severe and potentially life-threatening in subjects who are already dehydrated due to daily activity. Moreover, outbreaks may diminish operational effectiveness. Prevention of norovirus infection currently relies on strict application of personal and collective hygiene rules including isolation of the cases, to the greatest possible extent. Although noroviruses are frequently mentioned as the cause of gastroenteritis outbreaks in troops deployed overseas, laboratory diagnosis is rarely done. So their real burden in military forces remains unclear and further epidemiological studies are required to determine the full impact of norovirus gastroenteritis on troops.

  3. Military Review: Training the Force.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    sin our- tmat eapnnon sto coff the for that the woridat next mori aocfne fustiure bcretaiellc ads ronflit asou ton techooy wudiFos nhis arie widns...with newly released animosities fragmenting by a newly tyrannical Gorbachev or by military the grand coalition of Americans, East Asians , and rule...and now be- bility that a new ideology will challenge democratic tween Russians and Central Asians . . . " He capitalism. He contends that, "One may

  4. 32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Air Force military real property. 644.327... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Disposal Procedure for Placing Real Property in Excess Status § 644.327 Air Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the...

  5. 32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Air Force military real property. 644.327 Section... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Disposal Procedure for Placing Real Property in Excess Status § 644.327 Air Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the...

  6. 32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Air Force military real property. 644.327... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Disposal Procedure for Placing Real Property in Excess Status § 644.327 Air Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the...

  7. 32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Air Force military real property. 644.327 Section... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Disposal Procedure for Placing Real Property in Excess Status § 644.327 Air Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the...

  8. 32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Air Force military real property. 644.327 Section... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Disposal Procedure for Placing Real Property in Excess Status § 644.327 Air Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the...

  9. Site Plan: Real Estate, Custer Reserve Forces Training Area, Military ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Site Plan: Real Estate, Custer Reserve Forces Training Area, Military Reservation, USACOE, 20 July 1948 - Fort Custer Military Reservation, Bounded by Territorial, Dickman, & Longman Roads & Route 94 Business, Battle Creek, Calhoun County, MI

  10. 26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of... § 301.7701-8 Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States. The term “military or naval forces of the United States” and the term “Armed Forces of the United States” each includes all...

  11. Military Expenditure, Force Potential, and Relative Military Power.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    of Abraham Becker. Without his contribution this project would not have been possible. I also wish to thank Abram Bergson and Mark Hopkins for their...estimated by Abram Bergson .’" His estimate must be adjusted to 1970 prices. Beginning with the 1955 estimates indicated above, the growth rates associated...levels of gross investment, a high estimate of military capital for 1967 is 241.1 billion rubles. The low estimate obtained by w’See Abram Bergson . The

  12. Collectivity in Light Nuclei and the GDR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maj, A.; Styczeń, J.; Kmiecik, M.; Bednarczyk, P.; Brekiesz, M.; GrȨBOSZ, J.; Lach, M.; MȨCZYŃSKI, W.; ZiȨBLIŃSKI, M.; Zuber, K.; Bracco, A.; Camera, F.; Benzoni, G.; Leoni, S.; Million, B.; Wieland, O.

    2005-03-01

    The results are presented from the experiments using the EUROBALL and RFD/HECTOR arrays, concerning various aspects of collectivity in light nuclei. A superdeformed band in 42Ca was found. A comparison of the GDR line shape data with the predictions of the thermal shape fluctuation model, based on the most recent rotating liquid drop LSD calculations, shows evidence for a Jacobi shape transition in hot, rapidly rotating 46Ti and strong Coriolis effects in the GDR strength function. The preferential feeding of the SD band in 42Ca by the GDR low energy component was observed

  13. Report Task Force on Women in the Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-01-01

    Continue on reverse if ne,:essary and identify by block nui wer) FIELD GROUP SUB-GROUP Military Personnel, Women in the Military, 4B&R, Armed Forces, Sexual ...Women in the Services A. Approach .......................... ............ .... B. Sexual Harassment ............................... 1 C. Quality of...Similarly, Defense policy is specific with regard to respect for women insofar as attitudes or actions constituting sexual harassment are concerzned

  14. The Changing Composition of the Military and the Effect on Labor Force Data.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sider, Hal; Cole, Cheryl

    1984-01-01

    Examines some of the changes in the military that have resulted from the all-volunteer armed forces. Compares labor force data that include the military with traditional statistics that measure the civilian labor market. (SK)

  15. Educating the Military Work Force: A Worldwide Initiative.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Donald W.; Saltman, Lenore E.

    1989-01-01

    The Department of Defense, in cooperation with a number of colleges and universities, offers a variety of higher education opportunities to military personnel: the Community College of the Air Force, the Army and Navy's Servicemembers Opportunity Colleges, and Defense Activity for Nontraditional Education Support (DANTES). (SK)

  16. Military social work in the South African National Defence Force.

    PubMed

    Kruger, A; Van Breda, A D

    2001-11-01

    The transformation of the South African National Defence Force has prompted a critical reassessment of the Directorate of Social Work. As a result, the directorate realized the need for a formal business plan to align the profession strategically with the core business of the military system. After completion of the business plan, the need for a unique military social work practice model was identified. Such a model should present social workers with a strategy for the achievement of the goals and objectives of the business plan. The practice model rests on two key concepts: binocular vision and practice positions. Since the onset of the transformation process in the South African National Defence Force, these two documents have reflected the changing milieu within which social work is practiced. The main concepts of these documents are presented.

  17. Task Force on the Future of Military Health Care

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    management and financing . In August 2007, four members of the Task Force travelled to Qatar, Iraq, and Germany to meet with leadership at Military Treatment...process; – create a system of checks and balances by separating the acquisition functions from the requirements/operations and the budget/ finance ...the MHS and other experts in health care manage- ment and financing . (See Appendix D for meeting dates, locations, speakers, and participating

  18. Personnel Security during Joint Operations with Foreign Military Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-01

    century society into the twenty-first century encounters a number of obstacles. Illiteracy and innumeracy rates are high, and repressive social values are...Operations with Foreign Military Forces Feature quickly degraded into executions for social infractions like blasphemy. Repression soon followed, and the...is functionally illiterate, how do we expect to close this gap without a massive education program to support it? Miscommunication is the breeding

  19. 48 CFR 552.237-72 - Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Quasi-Military Armed Forces.â 552.237-72 Section 552.237-72 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... Provisions and Clauses 552.237-72 Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.” As prescribed in 537.110(b), insert the following clause: Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces” (SEP...

  20. 48 CFR 552.237-72 - Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Quasi-Military Armed Forces.â 552.237-72 Section 552.237-72 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... Provisions and Clauses 552.237-72 Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.” As prescribed in 537.110(b), insert the following clause: Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces” (SEP...

  1. 48 CFR 37.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Services of quasi-military... quasi-military armed forces. Contracts with Pinkerton Detective Agencies or similar organizations are...-military armed forces for hire, or with their employees, regardless of the contract's character....

  2. 48 CFR 552.237-72 - Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Quasi-Military Armed Forces.â 552.237-72 Section 552.237-72 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... Provisions and Clauses 552.237-72 Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.” As prescribed in 537.110(b), insert the following clause: Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces” (SEP...

  3. 48 CFR 37.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Services of quasi-military... quasi-military armed forces. Contracts with Pinkerton Detective Agencies or similar organizations are...-military armed forces for hire, or with their employees, regardless of the contract's character....

  4. 48 CFR 552.237-72 - Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Quasi-Military Armed Forces.â 552.237-72 Section 552.237-72 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... Provisions and Clauses 552.237-72 Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.” As prescribed in 537.110(b), insert the following clause: Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces” (SEP...

  5. 48 CFR 552.237-72 - Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Quasi-Military Armed Forces.â 552.237-72 Section 552.237-72 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... Provisions and Clauses 552.237-72 Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.” As prescribed in 537.110(b), insert the following clause: Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces” (SEP...

  6. Total force fitness: the military family fitness model.

    PubMed

    Bowles, Stephen V; Pollock, Liz Davenport; Moore, Monique; Wadsworth, Shelley MacDermid; Cato, Colanda; Dekle, Judith Ward; Meyer, Sonia Wei; Shriver, Amber; Mueller, Bill; Stephens, Mark; Seidler, Dustin A; Sheldon, Joseph; Picano, James; Finch, Wanda; Morales, Ricardo; Blochberger, Sean; Kleiman, Matthew E; Thompson, Daniel; Bates, Mark J

    2015-03-01

    The military lifestyle can create formidable challenges for military families. This article describes the Military Family Fitness Model (MFFM), a comprehensive model aimed at enhancing family fitness and resilience across the life span. This model is intended for use by Service members, their families, leaders, and health care providers but also has broader applications for all families. The MFFM has three core components: (1) family demands, (2) resources (including individual resources, family resources, and external resources), and (3) family outcomes (including related metrics). The MFFM proposes that resources from the individual, family, and external areas promote fitness, bolster resilience, and foster well-being for the family. The MFFM highlights each resource level for the purpose of improving family fitness and resilience over time. The MFFM both builds on existing family strengths and encourages the development of new family strengths through resource-acquiring behaviors. The purpose of this article is to (1) expand the military's Total Force Fitness (TFF) intent as it relates to families and (2) offer a family fitness model. This article will summarize relevant evidence, provide supportive theory, describe the model, and proffer metrics that support the dimensions of this model.

  7. 48 CFR 37.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... armed forces. 37.109 Section 37.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION... quasi-military armed forces. Contracts with Pinkerton Detective Agencies or similar organizations are...-military armed forces for hire, or with their employees, regardless of the contract's character....

  8. 48 CFR 37.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... armed forces. 37.109 Section 37.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION... quasi-military armed forces. Contracts with Pinkerton Detective Agencies or similar organizations are...-military armed forces for hire, or with their employees, regardless of the contract's character....

  9. 48 CFR 37.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... armed forces. 37.109 Section 37.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION... quasi-military armed forces. Contracts with Pinkerton Detective Agencies or similar organizations are...-military armed forces for hire, or with their employees, regardless of the contract's character....

  10. The cooperative monitoring of military forces: An exercise in strategy

    SciTech Connect

    1998-04-01

    This exercise examines a hypothetical security problem associated with conventional military forces and border security: a surprise attack. The goal of the exercise is to provide an opportunity to think about how cooperative monitoring can be part of regional security. Two hypothetical countries, VOLCANOES and MOUNTAINS, have been created for this exercise based on the US states of Arizona and New Mexico. They were selected for their size and variety of terrain. Hypothetical background information and characteristics of the two countries are provided. An outline of activities is given, including prioritization of security concerns and monitoring of objectives for security concerns. 6 tabs.

  11. 26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Force. The terms also include the Coast Guard. The members of such forces include commissioned officers and the personnel below the grade of commissioned officer in such forces. ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces...

  12. 26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Force. The terms also include the Coast Guard. The members of such forces include commissioned officers and the personnel below the grade of commissioned officer in such forces. ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces...

  13. 26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Force. The terms also include the Coast Guard. The members of such forces include commissioned officers and the personnel below the grade of commissioned officer in such forces. ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces...

  14. 26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Force. The terms also include the Coast Guard. The members of such forces include commissioned officers and the personnel below the grade of commissioned officer in such forces. ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces...

  15. Authorities to Use US Military Force Since the Passage of the 1973 War Powers Resolution

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-26

    legislation changes the manner in which the US government approached global problems that may possibly require the use of military force. This discovery...leads us to the next question of how and when is US foreign policy and strategy developed given this new legislation regulating the use of military...attempting use their authorities to provide military force, in order to solve global crises. Those uses of force examined took place after the 1973 War

  16. 42 CFR 70.8 - Members of military and naval forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Members of military and naval forces. 70.8 Section..., INSPECTION, LICENSING INTERSTATE QUARANTINE § 70.8 Members of military and naval forces. The provisions of §§ 70.3, 70.4, 70.5, 70.7, and this section shall not apply to members of the military or naval...

  17. 42 CFR 70.8 - Members of military and naval forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Members of military and naval forces. 70.8 Section..., INSPECTION, LICENSING INTERSTATE QUARANTINE § 70.8 Members of military and naval forces. The provisions of §§ 70.3, 70.4, 70.5, 70.7, and this section shall not apply to members of the military or naval...

  18. Role of the U.S. Military in the Professionalization of the Armed Forces of Liberia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    with the input from the military, has the ability to reform, review, and change the structure and role of the military. The three case studies all...to support the influential role of the MAF in its ability to change the force structure, nor did the study show find evidence to show budgetary...THE ROLE OF THE U.S. MILITARY IN THE PROFESSIONALIZATION OF THE ARMED FORCES OF LIBERIA A thesis presented to the Faculty

  19. The Privatisation of Military Force: Economic Virtues, Vices and Government Responsibility

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-01-01

    0 The Privatisation of Military Force: Economic Virtues , Vices and Government Responsibility ERIC FREDLAND Professor. Department of Economics...COVERED 00-00-1999 to 00-00-1999 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE The Privatisation of Military Force: Economic Virtues , Vices and Government Responsibility...vehicle shipping service for civilian and military personnel has resulted in more vehicles arriving on time, according to program managers’.5 Do

  20. 42 CFR 70.8 - Members of military and naval forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Members of military and naval forces. 70.8 Section..., INSPECTION, LICENSING INTERSTATE QUARANTINE § 70.8 Members of military and naval forces. The provisions of §§ 70.3, 70.4, 70.5, 70.7, and this section shall not apply to members of the military or naval...

  1. 48 CFR 237.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Services of quasi-military armed forces. 237.109 Section 237.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... Contracts-General 237.109 Services of quasi-military armed forces. See 237.102-70b for prohibition...

  2. 48 CFR 237.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Services of quasi-military armed forces. 237.109 Section 237.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... Contracts-General 237.109 Services of quasi-military armed forces. See 237.102-70b for prohibition...

  3. 75 FR 30002 - Federal Advisory Committee; Defense Task Force on Sexual Assault in the Military Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-28

    ... terminating the Defense Task Force on Sexual Assault in the Military Services, effective June 1, 2010. FOR... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; Defense Task Force on Sexual Assault in the Military Services AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD). ACTION: Termination of federal advisory committee....

  4. 32 CFR 644.475 - Excessing Army military and Air Force property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Excessing Army military and Air Force property... the Related Land) § 644.475 Excessing Army military and Air Force property. The procedures for placing... commander concerned is required. When, under AFR 87-4, the responsible DE is called upon by the Air...

  5. 32 CFR 644.475 - Excessing Army military and Air Force property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Excessing Army military and Air Force property... the Related Land) § 644.475 Excessing Army military and Air Force property. The procedures for placing... commander concerned is required. When, under AFR 87-4, the responsible DE is called upon by the Air...

  6. 32 CFR 644.475 - Excessing Army military and Air Force property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Excessing Army military and Air Force property... the Related Land) § 644.475 Excessing Army military and Air Force property. The procedures for placing... commander concerned is required. When, under AFR 87-4, the responsible DE is called upon by the Air...

  7. 32 CFR 644.415 - Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation. 644.415 Section 644.415 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY... Interests § 644.415 Army military and Air Force lands—$50,000 limitation. (a) 10 U.S.C. 2672 authorizes...

  8. 32 CFR 644.415 - Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation. 644.415 Section 644.415 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY... Interests § 644.415 Army military and Air Force lands—$50,000 limitation. (a) 10 U.S.C. 2672 authorizes...

  9. 32 CFR 644.415 - Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation. 644.415 Section 644.415 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY... Interests § 644.415 Army military and Air Force lands—$50,000 limitation. (a) 10 U.S.C. 2672 authorizes...

  10. 32 CFR 644.415 - Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation. 644.415 Section 644.415 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY... Interests § 644.415 Army military and Air Force lands—$50,000 limitation. (a) 10 U.S.C. 2672 authorizes...

  11. 32 CFR 644.475 - Excessing Army military and Air Force property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Excessing Army military and Air Force property... the Related Land) § 644.475 Excessing Army military and Air Force property. The procedures for placing... commander concerned is required. When, under AFR 87-4, the responsible DE is called upon by the Air...

  12. 32 CFR 644.415 - Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation. 644.415 Section 644.415 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY... Interests § 644.415 Army military and Air Force lands—$50,000 limitation. (a) 10 U.S.C. 2672 authorizes...

  13. 32 CFR 644.475 - Excessing Army military and Air Force property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Excessing Army military and Air Force property... the Related Land) § 644.475 Excessing Army military and Air Force property. The procedures for placing... commander concerned is required. When, under AFR 87-4, the responsible DE is called upon by the Air...

  14. 48 CFR 237.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Services of quasi-military armed forces. 237.109 Section 237.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... Contracts-General 237.109 Services of quasi-military armed forces. See 237.102-70b for prohibition...

  15. 48 CFR 237.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Services of quasi-military armed forces. 237.109 Section 237.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... Contracts-General 237.109 Services of quasi-military armed forces. See 237.102-70b for prohibition...

  16. 48 CFR 237.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Services of quasi-military armed forces. 237.109 Section 237.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... Contracts-General 237.109 Services of quasi-military armed forces. See 237.102-70b for prohibition...

  17. The Social Determinants of Health in Military Forces of Iran: A Qualitative Study

    PubMed Central

    Bahadori, Mohammadkarim; Sanaeinasab, Hormoz; Ghanei, Mostafa; Mehrabi Tavana, Ali; Ravangard, Ramin; Karamali, Mazyar

    2015-01-01

    Providing effective health interventions and achieving equity in health need to apply the community-based approaches such as social determinants of health. In the military organizations, these determinants have received less attention from the military health researchers and policymakers. Therefore, this study aimed to identify and explain the social determinants affecting the health of military forces in Iran. This was a qualitative study which was conducted in 2014. The required data were collected through semistructured interviews and analyzed through Conventional Content Analysis. The studied sample consisted of 22 military health experts, policymakers, and senior managers selected using purposeful sampling method with maximum variation sampling. MAXQDA.2007 was used to analyze the collected data. After analyzing the collected data, two main contents, that is, “general social determinants of health” and “military social determinants of health,” with 22 themes and 90 subthemes were identified as the social determinants of military forces' health. Main themes were religious rule, spirituality promotion policies, international military factors, military command, and so forth. Given the role and importance of social factors determining the military forces' health, it can be recommended that the military organizations should pay more attention to these determinants in making policies and creating social, economic, and cultural structures for their forces. PMID:26379716

  18. Military Psychology.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), *MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY , *TEXTBOOKS, USSR, ORGANIZATIONS, COMBAT READINESS, PSYCHOMOTOR FUNCTION, REASONING, SURVEYS...TRANSLATIONS, MILITARY TRAINING, OFFICER PERSONNEL, PERCEPTION( PSYCHOLOGY ), PERSONALITY, COMMUNISM, INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS, EMOTIONS.

  19. Russian Military and Security Forces: A Postulated Reaction to a Nuclear Detonation

    SciTech Connect

    Ball, D

    2005-04-29

    In this paper, we will examine how Russia's military and security forces might react to the detonation of a 10-kiloton nuclear weapon placed next to the walls surrounding the Kremlin. At the time of this 'big bang,' Putin is situated outside Moscow and survives the explosion. No one claims responsibility for the detonation. No other information is known. Numerous variables will determine how events ultimately unfold and how the military and security forces will respond. Prior to examining these variables in greater detail, it is imperative to elucidate first what we mean by Russia's military and security forces.

  20. The Peaceful Uses of Military Forces. Praeger Special Studies in International Politics and Public Affairs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanning, Hugh

    This study of the peaceful uses of military forces (PUMF) offers a compendium of information and principles for the planning and conduct of such PUMF activities as meeting disaster or emergency relief situations, education and training, and economic and social projects. The provision of training opportunities by the military is a means of…

  1. Report of the Defense Task Force on Sexual Assault in the Military Services

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    that military separation physicals shall include an assessment of sexual trauma, previously disclosed or undisclosed, during active duty service...comply with these standards. Further, SAPRO must be actively engaged in prevention policy development and legislation. Defense Task Force on Sexual ...SAPRO develop training policies and exercise oversight over Military Service training programs. Sexual assault prevention and response training must

  2. Engaging Military Fathers in a Reflective Parenting Program: Lessons from Strong Families Strong Forces

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeVoe, Ellen R.; Paris, Ruth

    2015-01-01

    Through Strong Families Strong Forces, a reflective parenting program for military families with young children, we were privileged to work with contemporary military fathers who served in the post-9/11 conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. Due to this work, the authors gained valuable insight into the complexity of fathering during wartime, the…

  3. The Impact of International and Domestic Factors on the Military Outcomes of National Unification: A Study of Four Historical Cases with Lessons for Korean Unification

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-01

    1945, but concerns that it might become “a fertile breeding ground for the development of Nazi pan-Germanism” led France, Britain, the United States...to engage in constructive diplomacy, the Soviet Union stationed SS -22 missiles in the GDR. The event revealed that while East German leadership had...division.81 One apparent similarity between the two military forces early on was that both sought a psychological break from Germany’s Nazi past

  4. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-11-06

    A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief Matthew C. Weed Analyst in...00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current...by ANSI Std Z39-18 A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: In Brief Congressional Research Service Contents The

  5. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-10-21

    A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief Matthew C. Weed Analyst in...00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current...by ANSI Std Z39-18 A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: In Brief Congressional Research Service Contents The

  6. The Gap that Will Not Close: Civil-Military Relations and the All-Volunteer Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-04

    34An unprecedented number of veterans in our civilian community, and particularly their organized spokesmen, produce a military consciousness in spite...John Allen Williams and David R. Segal, Chapter 2 (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2000),19-20. 44 Peter D. Feaver, Richard H. Kohn, and...Krista E. Wiegand and David L. Paletz, "The Elite Media and the Military-Civilian Culture Gap," Armed Forces and Society 27, no. 2 (Winter 2001): 189. 48

  7. The U.S. Militarys Force Structure: A Primer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-07-01

    CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE CBO The U.S. Military’s Force Structure : A Primer JULY 2016 CBONotes Unless otherwise...Military’s Force Structure ? 1 What Does This Analysis Indicate About the Budgetary Effects of Altering the Force Structure ? 4 How Is This Report...Organized? 51 Introduction 7What Is Force Structure ? 8 BOX 1-1. DEFINING SUPPORT UNITS 10 How CBO Estimated the Costs of the Military’s Force Structure 10

  8. Task Force Gator: Best Practices in Civil-Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-08-17

    speaking, most CMOCs will employ a Civil-Military Officer (CMO), Project Purchasing Officer ( PPO ), Pay Agent (PA), Public Affairs Officer (PAO), Civil...companies, where each commander had a qualified PPO and PA at his disposal. This structure was also maintained during the battalion‟s micro grant surge

  9. A New Element of National Security: Military Forces in Environmental Protection

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-04-01

    sort of scenario. If Brazil continues to cut all the rain forests and if the predictions are true, would we deploy military forces to physically stop...U.S.D.A., Forest Service o T I C FI-ECTE ;,’. MAR 14 1994 Faculty Research Advisor,"’ D Mr. J. Dawson Ahalt S The Industrial College of the Armed...Executive Research Project A105 A New Element of National Security: Military Forces in Environmental Protection Harry D. Croft U.S.D.A., Forest Service

  10. Navies and Soft Power: Historical Case Studies of Naval Power and the Nonuse of Military Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    Finally, it assesses how these deployments might relate to future Chinese naval development. Historical Background A sharp increase in piracy attacks...42 Navies and Soft Power Historical Case Studies of Naval Power and the Nonuse of Military Force N A V A L W A R C O LLE G E N E W P O R T PA P...Newport, Rhode Island, authenticates Navies and Soft Power: Historical Case Studies of Naval Power and the Nonuse of Military Force, edited by Bruce A

  11. The Debate about Soviet Military Doctrine and Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-01-01

    themselves to small, manageable topics. Because the big picture is so overwhelming, and because such analysis implies the need to criticize the...34ektivnyi faktor sderzhivaniya agressivnykh sil" [Military-Strategic Parity: The Objective Factor of Deterring Aggressive Forcesl, Voennaya Mysl’, no. 2...expertise of their researchers, who quickly discover that fluency in English and other languages can earn them, as translators and interpreters for

  12. Military Retirement: Reform for the 21st Century Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-24

    being governed under an ERISA type structure with main characteristics being the advocacy of member savings, adopting portable retirement benefits...aspects to include a future military retirement system such as being governed under an ERISA type structure with main characteristics being the...requirements of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act ( ERISA ). ERISA , the federal law requiring private-sector employers to vest employees in

  13. Military Education: Implementation of Recommendations at the Armed Forces Staff College. Report to the Chairman, Panel on Military Education, Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. National Security and International Affairs Div.

    This study evaluates the Armed Forces Staff College's implementation of selected recommendations from the April 1989 report of the Panel on Military Education. In particular, this report discusses Phase II officer professional military education (PME) programs taught at the Joint and Combined Staff Officer School in Norfolk, Virginia. The study…

  14. Collateral gains from the military? A cross-national analysis of the armed forces crime relationship.

    PubMed

    Sun, Ivan Y; Sung, Hung-En; Chu, Doris C

    2007-10-01

    Research has repeatedly showed that males aged between 16 and 24 years old account for a disproportionately large volume of crime. Armed forces are major employers of young males in their crime-prone ages and thus could play an essential role in crime prevention. The military is a highly structured and regimented total institution in which rigid behavioral norms and very close monitoring are imposed both on soldiers and on officers. Using data from 65 countries for the period of 1995 to 1999, this study assesses the crime-reduction function of the military by testing the influence of the relative size of the armed forces and the existence of conscription on national rates of homicide. The findings show that the size of the military and the existence of conscription are significantly related to homicide rates. Implications for future research are discussed.

  15. Total Force Fitness in units part 1: military demand-resource model.

    PubMed

    Bates, Mark J; Fallesen, Jon J; Huey, Wesley S; Packard, Gary A; Ryan, Diane M; Burke, C Shawn; Smith, David G; Watola, Daniel J; Pinder, Evette D; Yosick, Todd M; Estrada, Armando X; Crepeau, Loring; Bowles, Stephen V

    2013-11-01

    The military unit is a critical center of gravity in the military's efforts to enhance resilience and the health of the force. The purpose of this article is to augment the military's Total Force Fitness (TFF) guidance with a framework of TFF in units. The framework is based on a Military Demand-Resource model that highlights the dynamic interactions across demands, resources, and outcomes. A joint team of subject-matter experts identified key variables representing unit fitness demands, resources, and outcomes. The resulting framework informs and supports leaders, support agencies, and enterprise efforts to strengthen TFF in units by (1) identifying TFF unit variables aligned with current evidence and operational practices, (2) standardizing communication about TFF in units across the Department of Defense enterprise in a variety of military organizational contexts, (3) improving current resources including evidence-based actions for leaders, (4) identifying and addressing of gaps, and (5) directing future research for enhancing TFF in units. These goals are intended to inform and enhance Service efforts to develop Service-specific TFF models, as well as provide the conceptual foundation for a follow-on article about TFF metrics for units.

  16. [The state of health of the US Armed Forces military personnel in 2012].

    PubMed

    Golota, A S; Krassiĭ, A B; Nagibovich, O A; Sivashchenko, P P

    2013-08-01

    The current article is dedicated to the state of health of the US Armed Forces military active component personnel in 2012 according to the report published by the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center in April 2013 issue of Center's Medical Surveillance Monthly Report. Sequentially, the key characteristics of ambulatory visits and hospitalization for the leading disease chapters and certain disease groups have been presented. The data have been given for the total personnel as well as for male and female separately. The general hospitalization has also been presented for the US Armed Forces components.

  17. Military Assistance to Mexico: Use of Special Operations Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-31

    91 Donald Sparks, " Jackal Stone 2009; Special Opcmti011s Forces Multinational Training in Croatia", Tt/J of the Spear, USSCOM, Tampa FL, 92 Sparks...Data Analysis from 2001-2009" Justice in Mexico Project, Trans Border Institute, University of San Diego, January 2009. Sparks, Donald " Jackal Stone

  18. Environmental Assessment: Military Family Housing Privatization Maxwell Air Force Base

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-01

    Water Resources) Montgomery Chamber of Commerce George , Randall (President) Montgomery County – City Public Library Montgomery County...Force Base Personnel, Interviewer; Tamara Carroll. Zervos , Spero G. 2001. A Brief History of Maxwell AFB. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University History...35486- 6999 205-247-3589 Montgomery Chamber of Commerce President Randall George 41 Commerce Street Montgomery, AL 36101 PO Box 79 Montgomery, AL

  19. Military Manpower and the All-Volunteer Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-09-01

    managed , not with the fundamental concept or policy. Other problems remain, such as those of reserve forces manning and first-term enlisted attrition...ways in which the DoD uses and manages its human resources. The legacy ofthe draft means that fundamental changes in manpower management and...mentioned, but these have been largely problems with the way that the transition was managed , not with the fundamental concept or policy. Other

  20. Culture Wars: Air Force Culture and Civil-Military Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-01

    giving stability and legacy to a proud institution. But can this cultural ballast push a service to rock the boat instead?” Does Air Force culture lead...1997 with a bachelor of science in engineering degree in civil engineering and from The George Washington University in 2005 with a master of arts ...of supporting the Army.”49 In between these poles, a vast landscape of operational art lay fallow, underdeveloped and under- appreciated. After his

  1. Codes of professional conduct for Australian Defence Force military physicians: evenomating the serpent?

    PubMed

    O'Connor, Mike

    2010-09-01

    The scandal of health professionals' involvement in recent human rights abuses in United States military detention centres has prompted concern that Australian military physicians should be well protected against similar pressures to participate in harsh interrogations. A framework of military health ethics has been proposed. Would a code of professional conduct be a partial solution? This article examines the utility of professional codes: can they transform unethical behaviour or are they only of value to those who already behave ethically? How should such codes be designed, what support mechanisms should be in place and how should complaints be managed? A key recommendation is that codes of professional conduct should be accompanied by publicly transparent procedures for the investigation of serious infractions and appropriate disciplinary action when proven. The training of military physicians should also aim to develop a sound understanding of both humanitarian and human rights law. At present, both civil and military education of physicians generally lacks any component of human rights law. The Australian Defence Force (ADF) seems well placed to add codes of professional conduct to its existing ethical framework because of strong support at the highest executive levels.

  2. Military Schools for Prospective Officers of the Soviet Armed Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-03-31

    SCHOOLS4FOR IROSPECTIVE O’FICERS, OF TilE SOVIET MED FORCES DDC(, 1. ie i E II n - CAPTAIN JA MES- - G RU S ID501UDUTION s81.’ . Approved jot l Divtiumion...Ma~or 2 Gonoral WK ’Kre 01amalycsakia komandirikie -navyki, Voonnyl etlk o (1973), Pp. 57-58. 4 14400 orel N. Ar4litov and~ Captain Y., Ptamolo0...cosmopolitan mision (frequent ’foreign contacts), also are doing well In this field. eCf., Naval Captain L. Ufimtsev and Commander A.- I)t~Aktual’nyt zaclach

  3. Civil-Military Roles of Indigenous Armed Forces (CRIAF). Volume 1. Executive Summary. Volume 2. Main Report. Volume 3. Appendixes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1974-07-01

    AD-A009 190 CIVIL-MILITARY ROLES OF INDIGENOUS ARMED FORCES (CRIAF). VOLUME I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY . VOLUME II MAIN REPORT . VOLUME III...H FINAL REPORT VOLUME I - EXECUTIVE SUMMARY VOLUME II - MAIN REPORT VOLUME III - APPENDIXES o o DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY...Sussex: Conference of Political Development, 1968. 23. Einaudi, Luigi R. The Peruvian Military: A Summary Political Analysis . Santa

  4. A Methodology for Modeling the Flow of Military Personnel Across Air Force Active and Reserve Components

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    C O R P O R A T I O N Research Report A Methodology for Modeling the Flow of Military Personnel Across Air Force Active and Reserve Components...Lisa M. Harrington, James H . Bigelow, Alexander Rothenberg, James Pita, Paul D. Emslie Limited Print and Electronic Distribution Rights This document...of a particular component—whether active , guard, or reserve. As a result, when personnel policies are implemented in one component, little is known

  5. Preparing The U.S. Air Force for Military Operations Other Than War,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-01-01

    chooses to embrace MOOTW and develop some of the technologies described in this report , air and space power could become the most versatile military...If the USAF chooses to embrace MOOTW and develop some of the technologies described in this report , air and space power could be- come the most...Stillion Äpprorsd ffti RAND The research reported here was sponsored by the United States Air Force under Contract F49642-96-C-0001. Further information

  6. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military Affairs, 70th Anniversary of the Soviet Armed Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-07-27

    views on medical support for the troops and naval forces. This presupposes not only a thorough analysis of the research carried out but also the...ships in Chelyabinsk and Magnitogorsk, and specific work is being carried out with schoolchildren and students in the PTU [ vocational -technical... Research Service (JPRS) publications contain political, economic, military, and sociological news, commentary, and other information, as well as

  7. Air Force Professional Military Education and Executive Leadership and Management Development - A Summary and Annotated Bibliography

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-01-01

    open publication and /or public release by the appropriate Office of Information in accordance with AFR 190-17 and DODD 5230.9. There is no objection...number) Air Force 1’rofcssional Military Education (PME) is examined in a framework of thic, uxcutt[ve leadership and management development as found in...Resident programs are offered to only a percentage of the officers eligible, but alternative seminar and correspondence programs are open to everyone

  8. Recapitalizing the Air Force Intellect: Essays on War, Airpower, and Military Education

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-01

    Military Education Dennis M. Drew Colonel, USAF, Retired Fairchild Paper Air University Press Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama 36112-5962 May 2008 00...government agency. Cleared for public release: distribution unlimited. This Fairchild Paper and others in the series are avail- able electronically at...journal articles, research papers , and his first three books. In 1991 yet another Air University commander selected him to become the dean of the

  9. Conventional Force Modernization and the Asymmetries of Military Doctrine: Historical Reflections on Airland Battle and the Operational Maneuver Group

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-09-20

    echelon, or Follow-On Forces Attack ( FOFA ). 6 1 The core of the workshop report on the Soviet threat was Christopher Donnelly’s analysis of an emerging...debate regarding the military-political implications of operational-maneuver-groups, AirLand Battle and Follow-On- Forces-Attack ( FOFA ), marks the...decisive manner at the operational-strategic level. 31 To some extent the surprise was the result of the poverty of Western analysis of Soviet military

  10. DOD Financial Management: Improved Documentation Needed to Support the Air Force’s Military Payroll and Meet Audit Readiness Goals

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-01

    DOD FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT Improved Documentation Needed to Support the Air Force’s Military Payroll and Meet Audit ...Improved Documentation Needed to Support the Air Force’s Military Payroll and Meet Audit Readiness Goals Why GAO Did This Study As part of DOD’s...efforts to achieve auditability of its financial statements, the Air Force in July 2014 asserted audit readiness for its Schedule of Budgetary

  11. Tuberculosis as a force health protection threat to the United States military.

    PubMed

    Sanchez, Jose L; Sanchez, Joyce L; Cooper, Michael J; Hiser, Michelle J; Mancuso, James D

    2015-03-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a communicable disease that poses a threat to force health protection to the U.S. military. The rate of TB disease in the military is low; however, there are unique challenges for its control in this setting. As a low-risk population, TB testing in the U.S. military can be scaled back from the universal testing approach used previously. Reactivation of latent TB infection (LTBI) present at accession into service is the most important factor leading to TB disease; therefore, its diagnosis and treatment among recruits should be given a high priority. Deployment and overseas military service is an uncommon but important source of TB infection, and rigorous surveillance should be ensured. Case management of TB disease and LTBI can be improved by the use of cohort reviews at the service and installation levels and case finding and delays in the diagnosis of TB disease can be improved by education of providers, as well as increased use of molecular diagnostic tests. Program outcomes can be improved by making LTBI treatment compulsory, offering shorter treatment regimens, and increasing accountability through oversight and evaluation. The diagnosis of LTBI can be improved by implementing targeted testing in all settings and reducing confirmatory interferon-gamma release assay testing.

  12. Effect of Polysaccharide from Cordyceps militaris (Ascomycetes) on Physical Fatigue Induced by Forced Swimming.

    PubMed

    Xu, Yan-Feng

    2016-01-01

    Cordyceps militaris is the one of the most important medicinal mushrooms, widely used in East Asian countries. Polysaccharide is considered to be the principal active component in C. militaris and has a wide range of biological and pharmacological properties. This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of polysaccharide from C. militaris (PCM) on physical fatigue induced in animals through a forced swimming test. The mice were divided into 4 groups receiving 28 days' treatment with drinking water (exercise control) or low-, medium-, and high-dose PCM (40, 80, and 160 mg/kg/day, respectively). After 28 days, the mice were subjected to the forced swimming test; the exhaustive swimming time was measured and fatigue-related biochemical parameters, including serum lactic acid, urea nitrogen, creatine kinase, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, superoxide dismutase, glutathi- one peroxidase, catalase, malondialdehyde, liver glycogen, and muscle glycogen, were analyzed. The results showed that PCM could significantly prolong the exhaustive swimming time of mice; decrease concentrations of serum lactic acid, urea nitrogen, creatine kinase, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and malondialdehyde; and increase liver and muscle glycogen contents and the concentrations of serum superoxide dismutase, glutathione per- oxidase, and catalase. The data suggest that PCM has an antifatigue effect, and it might become a new functional food or medicine for fatigue resistance.

  13. [Health conditions and physical development of soldiers during enrollment in the Armed Forces of Ukraine and military service in 2001-2010].

    PubMed

    Didenko, L V; Ustinova, L A; Khyzhniak, M I

    2012-01-01

    Fitness of soldiers in military reserve for military service at the stage in the Armed Forces of Ukraine has been studied in the article. It has been established that the growing number of soldiers in military reserve with changes in health and physical condition indicates insufficient level of their health which has a negative impact on their capability and gradually on their fitness for military service. Priorities of changes in organization of the process of completion by human resources of the soldiers' military reserve in the Armed Forces of Ukraine during their transition towards professional army have been defined, to include optimization of criteria of fitness for military service.

  14. Military deployment health surveillance policy and its application to Special Operations Forces.

    PubMed

    Hartman, Richard T; Wolfson, Jay; Yevich, Steven J

    2004-01-01

    An evaluation research methodology was used to determine whether deployment health surveillance for Special Operations Forces conformed with Department of Defense policy directives for the specified target population. Data for this methodology were based on pre- and postdeployment health assessments as well as patient encounters recorded during deployments. The data represented 1,094 individual and unique Special Operations Forces members deployed to 12 different countries from October 2000 through December 2001. Results from the study suggested that military deployment health surveillance policy goals for predeployment medical referrals, patient data capture, and documentation during the deployment and postdeployment medical referrals were being poorly met when Department of Defense and Joint Chiefs of Staff mandates were applied to Special Operations Forces in an unconventional operations environment. Preliminary evaluation indicates that deployment health surveillance implementation could be improved with the introduction of policy awareness education, training, and technology.

  15. Studies on potato irradiation in the G.D.R.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luther, Th.; Hübner, G.; Grahn, Ch.; Döllstädt, R.

    The studies of potato irradiation have been conducted in the framework of the National Food Irradiation Research Project for 4 years. Although in the G.D.R. the use of chemical sprout inhibitors is allowed, potato irradiation can be an alternative technique for potato processing. Before irradiation a wound healing period of approx. 2 weeks is absolutely necessary to protect the potatoes from Fusarium. The method that presents the minimum risk of damage is irradiation in containers. Economic evaluations for the irradiation of potatoes are also made.

  16. HIV infection among U.S. Army and Air Force military personnel: sociodemographic and genotyping analysis.

    PubMed

    Singer, Darrell E; Bautista, Christian T; O'Connell, Robert J; Sanders-Buell, Eric; Agan, Brian K; Kijak, Gustavo H; Hakre, Shilpa; Sanchez, Jose L; Sateren, Warren B; McCutchan, Francine E; Michael, Nelson L; Scott, Paul T

    2010-08-01

    Since 1985, the U.S. Department of Defense has periodically screened all military personnel for HIV allowing for the monitoring of the infection in this dynamic cohort population. A nested case-control study was performed to study sociodemographics, overseas assignment, and molecular analysis of HIV. Cases were newly identified HIV infections among U.S. Army and Air Force military personnel from 2000 to 2004. Controls were frequency matched to cases by gender and date of case first positive HIV screening test. Genotyping analysis was performed using high-throughput screening assays and partial genome sequencing. HIV was significantly associated with black race [odds ratio (OR) = 6.65], single marital status (OR = 4.45), and age (OR per year = 1.07). Ninety-seven percent were subtype B and 3% were non-B subtypes (A3, CRF01_AE, A/C recombinant, G, CRF02_AG). Among cases, overseas assignment in the period at risk prior to their first HIV-positive test was associated with non-B HIV subtype infection (OR = 8.44). Black and single military personnel remain disproportionately affected by HIV infection. Most non-B HIV subtypes were associated with overseas assignment. Given the increased frequency and length of assignments, and the expanding HIV genetic diversity observed in this population, there is a need for active HIV genotyping surveillance and a need to reinforce primary HIV prevention efforts.

  17. Environmental Impact Analysis Process. Environmental Assessment, U.S. Air Force, Military Airlift Command. Repair and Extension of Taxiways A, AA, and E, Kirtland Air Force Base, NM

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-08-01

    Kirtland Air Force Base New MexicoU I I Prepared for I Department of the Air Force Headquarters Military Airlift Command Scott Air Force Base, Illinois...Mariah Associates (1988), and USAF (ND). Birds are the most commonly reported wildlife in the area. Common species include the horned lark (Eremophila...already exclude all but the few species fully adapted to urban environments. These include several rodent and bird species which tolerate the noise and

  18. PREFACE Proceedings of GDR-AFPAC Meeting, January 2010

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lowe, Mike; Saffari, Nader; Lhemery, Alain; Deschamps, Marc; Leger, Alain; Abrahams, David

    2011-01-01

    A joint meeting of two Anglo-French scientific research communities was held from 18 to 22 January 2010, in Kendal, Cumbria, UK. This was the sixth conference of the Groupe De Recherche (GDR) 2501, and the ninth conference of the Anglo-French Physical Acoustics Conference (AFPAC). This was the first time these two conferences have been run concurrently. The meeting was entitled GDR-AFPAC. The interests of the GDR group focus on studying the propagation of ultrasound in inhomogeneous media, including the relevance to its use for Non Destructive Evaluation (NDE). The GDR was set up in France in 2002, as a network of university research groups and industrial organisations, with support from the French national funding agency CNRS, under the code 2501. The network was expanded to include membership of university research groups in the UK in 2008, and has support from the UK Research Centre in NDE (RCNDE). A significant extra benefit of the UK membership is that it brings together the UK researchers in applied mathematics with those in engineering. The GDR holds its conferences approximately every 18 months; all GDR conferences prior to this one have been held in France. The interests of the AFPAC group pertain to studying physical acoustics. The AFPAC conference series is a collaboration between the Physical Acoustics Group (PAG) of the Institute of Physics and the Groupe d'Acoustique Physique, Sous-marine et UltraSonore (GAPSUS) of the Société Française d'Acoustique. First established in 2001, the aim of its annual conference is to provide a forum where the most recent research developments in the field of Physical Acoustics in the UK and France are reviewed. AFPAC alternates between venues in the UK and France, and the format has been designed to be 'small and friendly'. The conference attracts the main research leaders of both countries, and in particular aims to encourage research students to have their debut presentations at the event. Thus both of these

  19. Concept for a Predeployment Assessment of Basic Military Fitness in the German Armed Forces.

    PubMed

    Rohde, Ulrich; Sievert, Alexander; Rüther, Thomas; Witzki, Alexander; Leyk, Dieter

    2015-11-01

    Military fitness is defined as a hierarchical 4-level construct in the German armed forces: (a) "Fundamental/Baseline Fitness," (b) "Basic Military Fitness," (c) "Task Fitness," and (d) "Mission Fitness." "Fundamental/Baseline Fitness" is assessed with the "Basic Fitness Test." However, this test alone is not sufficient to assess readiness for the physical demands of deployments. The first part of the article describes the development of a tool mirroring the specific physiological requirements of military operations on a joint forces level. The "Basic Military Fitness Tool" (BMFT) combines 4 crucial military demands into one single timed test run performed with field uniform (5 kg), body armor (13.4 kg), and helmet (1.6 kg): (a) maneuver under fire: 130 m run with changes in direction, velocity, and body position, (b) casualty rescue: 40 m of dragging a 50 kg load, (c) load carrying: 100 m carrying of two 18 kg loads, and (d) load lifting: lifting a 24 kg load on to a 1.25 m high rack 5 times. The second part covers the first assessment of BMFT selectivity between high- and low-performing groups. Muscle mass and strength are important factors for working with loads. Thus, female soldiers are expected to need more time to complete BMFT because of their on average lower muscle mass. Eighteen female (age = 28.5 ± 6.6 years, lean body mass [LBM] = 45.0 ± 4.5 kg; mean ± SD) and 104 male soldiers (age = 30.0 ± 8.4, LBM = 64.3 ± 7.1) completed isometric strength testing (hand grip = 344.3 ± 51.4 N and 547.3 ± 79.1 N, elbow flexors = 118.9 ± 16.9 and 235.1 ± 42.0, knee extensors = 433.2 ± 87.4 and 631.4 ± 111.4) and BMFT (259.2 ± 44.0 and 150.0 ± 21.1 s). Except age, all variables differed significantly (p < 0.01) between groups.

  20. Cognitive Apprenticeship in Military Teacher Induction: Facilitating the Transition from War Fighter to Educator at the United States Air Force Academy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swaim, Thomas T.

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative research study examined teacher induction in the military undergraduate education context. The U.S. Air Force Academy relies on approximately 520 military and civilian instructors to educate nearly 4000 future military officers each year. It is imperative to our nation's security that these educators be highly skilled and…

  1. An Integrated Survey System for Addressing Abuse and Misconduct Toward Air Force Trainees During Basic Military Training

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    An Integrated Survey System for Addressing Abuse and Misconduct Toward Air Force Trainees During Basic Military Training Kirsten M. Keller, Laura...00-00-2015 to 00-00-2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE An Integrated Survey System for Addressing Abuse and Misconduct Toward Air Force Trainees During...RAND Project AIR FORCE to help develop an integrated survey system to help address abuse and misconduct toward trainees in the BMT environment. This

  2. The prevalence and treatment of dental caries among Israeli permanent force military personnel.

    PubMed

    Sgan-Cohen, H D; Horev, T; Zusman, S P; Katz, J; Eldad, A

    1999-08-01

    A survey was conducted to determine dental caries prevalence and treatment among 1,095 25- to 44-year-old permanent force Israeli military personnel. Caries experience, by decayed, missing, and filled permanent teeth (DMFT), was 11.66, with an average of 1.37 untreated caries, 2.40 extracted teeth, and 7.90 treated teeth. Caries was positively associated with age (p < 0.001). Females demonstrated statistically higher DMFT levels than males (p = 0.009). Negative associations were detected for education levels and untreated and extracted components (p < 0.001), and a positive association was detected for the treated caries component (p < 0.001). Permanent military personnel treated by private dentists exhibited 17.6% untreated caries, compared with 9.4% among personnel treated in the army. Officers had lower levels of untreated caries (8.6%) than others (13.3%). Among the present population, 77% had attended a dental clinic in the preceding 2 years. Permanent force personnel are offered free, comprehensive, and accessible dental treatment. The data emphasize a need for further dental health education.

  3. Force and acceleration characteristics of military foot drill: implications for injury risk in recruits

    PubMed Central

    Carden, Patrick P J; Izard, Rachel M; Greeves, Julie P; Lake, Jason P; Myers, Stephen D

    2015-01-01

    Background Foot drill involving marching and drill manoeuvres is conducted regularly during basic military recruit training. Characterising the biomechanical loading of foot drill will improve our understanding of the contributory factors to lower limb overuse injuries in recruits. Aim Quantify and compare forces, loading rates and accelerations of British Army foot drill, within and between trained and untrained personnel. Methods 24 trained soldiers (12 men and 12 women; TRAINED) and 12 civilian men (UNTRAINED) performed marching and five drill manoeuvres on force platforms; motion capture recorded tibial position. Peak vertical impact force (PF), peak vertical loading rate (PLR), expressed as multiples of body weight (BW) and peak tibial impact acceleration (PTA) were recorded. Results Drill manoeuvre PF, PLR and PTA were similar, but higher in TRAINED men (PF, PLR: p<0.01; PTA: p<0.05). Peak values in TRAINED men were shown for the halt (mean (SD); PF: 6.5 (1.5) BW; PLR: 983 (333) BW/s PTA; PTA: 207 (57) m/s2) and left turn (PF: 6.6 (1.7) BW; PLR: 928 (300) BW/s; 184 (62) m/s2). Marching PF, PLR, PTA were similar between groups and lower than all drill manoeuvres (PF: 1.1–1.3 BW; PLR: 42–70 BW/s; p<0.01; PTA: 23–38 m/s2; p<0.05). Conclusions Army foot drill generates higher forces, loading rates and accelerations than activities such as running and load carriage, while marching is comparable to moderate running (10.8 km/h). The large biomechanical loading of foot drill may contribute to the high rate of overuse injuries during initial military training, and strategies to regulate/reduce this loading should be explored. PMID:27900110

  4. Military Representation: The Theoretical and Practical Implications of Population Representation in the American Armed Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-10-01

    REPRESENTATION AND SOCIAL EQUITY: PAST AND PRESENT EXPERIENCES.. ............... 103 Equity in the Military Melting Pot Black Representation in the...Vietnam The Vietnam-Era Draft in Retrospect Military Representation and Social Equity under the AVF Measures of Social Equity Implications CHAPTER V...MILITARY REPRESENTATION AND SOCIAL EQUITY: THE POLICY MAZE ........ ..................... ... 183 Benefits vs. Burdens of Military Service

  5. Tobacco Research in the Military: Reflections on 20 Years of Research in the United States Air Force.

    PubMed

    Talcott, G Wayne; Ebbert, Jon O; Klesges, Robert C; Linde, Brittany D; Seals, Robert W; Krukowski, Rebecca A; Grieser, Emily A; Oh, John Y; Martin-Zona, Denise M

    2015-08-01

    The U.S. military is one of the world's largest employers. Approximately 30% of active duty military personnel smoke cigarettes and more than 14% use smokeless tobacco. The military has historically supported tobacco use and more recently is attempting to combat its use. Through 20 years of collaborative research with the United States Air Force, we have learned that smoking bans are effective, recruits who have never previously smoked cigarettes initiate tobacco use, smokeless tobacco serves as a gateway for smoking initiation, smoking is associated with discharge, smoking adds significant proximal training costs, tobacco use increases during deployment, and tobacco quitline counseling with a provision of medication is effective. Our findings may provide groundwork for future tobacco control efforts in the U.S. military.

  6. Weapons proliferation and organized crime: The Russian military and security force dimension

    SciTech Connect

    Turbiville, G.H.

    1996-06-01

    One dimension of international security of the post-Cold War era that has not received enough attention is how organized crime facilitates weapons proliferation worldwide. The former Soviet Union (FSU) has emerged as the world`s greatest counterproliferation challenge. It contains the best developed links among organized crime, military and security organizations, and weapons proliferation. Furthermore, Russian military and security forces are the principle source of arms becoming available to organized crime groups, participants in regional conflict, and corrupt state officials engaged in the black, gray, and legal arms markets in their various dimensions. The flourishing illegal trade in conventional weapons is the clearest and most tangible manifestation of the close links between Russian power ministries and criminal organizations. The magnitude of the WMD proliferation problem from the FSU is less clear and less tangible. There have been many open reports of small-scale fissile material smuggling out of the FSU. The situation with regard to the proliferation of chemical weapon usually receives less attention but may be more serious. With an acknowledged stockpile of 40,000 metric tons of chemical agents, the potential for proliferation is enormous.

  7. Operational Stress and Correlates of Mental Health Among Joint Task Force Guantanamo Bay Military Personnel.

    PubMed

    Webb-Murphy, Jennifer A; De La Rosa, Gabriel M; Schmitz, Kimberly J; Vishnyak, Elizabeth J; Raducha, Stephanie C; Roesch, Scott C; Johnston, Scott L

    2015-12-01

    Military personnel deployed to Joint Task Force Guantanamo Bay (JTF-GTMO) faced numerous occupational stressors. As part of a program evaluation, personnel working at JTF-GTMO completed several validated self-report measures. Personnel were at the beginning, middle, or end of their deployment phase. This study presents data regarding symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, alcohol abuse, depression, and resilience among 498 U.S. military personnel deployed to JTF-GTMO in 2009. We also investigated individual and organizational correlates of mental health among these personnel. Findings indicated that tenure at JTF-GTMO was positively related to adverse mental health outcomes. Regression models including these variables had R2 values ranging from .02 to .11. Occupation at JTF-GTMO also related to mental health such that guards reported poorer mental health than medical staff. Reluctance to seek out mental health care was also related to mental health outcomes. Those who reported being most reluctant to seek out care tended to report poorer mental health than those who were more willing to seek out care. Results suggested that the JTF-GTMO deployment was associated with significant psychological stress, and that both job-related and attitude-related variables were important to understanding mental health symptoms in this sample.

  8. Energy Requirements of US Army Special Operation Forces During Military Training

    PubMed Central

    Margolis, Lee M.; Crombie, Aaron P.; McClung, Holly L.; McGraw, Susan M.; Rood, Jennifer C.; Montain, Scott J.; Young, Andrew J.

    2014-01-01

    Special Operations Forces (SOF) regularly engage in physically demanding combat operations and field training exercises, resulting in high daily energy expenditure, and thus increased energy requirements. However, the majority of studies assessing energy requirements of SOF have been conducted on soldiers going through intense SOF initiation training. The objective of the current investigation was to determine the energy expenditure of SOF conducting military training operations. Thirty-one soldiers taking part in Pre-Mission Training (PMT n = 15) and Combat Diver Qualification Courses (CDQC n = 16) volunteered to participate in this observational study. Energy expenditure was determined using doubly labeled water. Body weight (83 ± 7 kg) remained stable during both training periods. Overall energy expenditure adjusted for body composition was 17,606 ± 2326 kJ·day−1. Energy expenditure was 19,110 ± 1468 kJ·day−1 during CDQC and 16,334 ± 2180 kJ·day−1 during PMT, with physical activity levels of 2.6 ± 0.2 and 2.2 ± 0.3 during CDQC and PMT, respectively. Compared to the Military Dietary Reference Intakes for energy (13,598 kJ·day−1), these data are in agreement with previous reports that energy requirement for SOF Soldiers exceed that of the average soldier. PMID:24824290

  9. Life in and after the Armed Forces: social networks and mental health in the UK military.

    PubMed

    Hatch, Stephani L; Harvey, Samuel B; Dandeker, Christopher; Burdett, Howard; Greenberg, Neil; Fear, Nicola T; Wessely, Simon

    2013-09-01

    This study focuses on the influence of structural aspects of social integration (social networks and social participation outside work) on mental health (common mental disorders (CMD), that is, depression and anxiety symptoms, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and alcohol misuse). This study examines differences in levels of social integration and associations between social integration and mental health among service leavers and personnel still in service. Data were collected from regular serving personnel (n=6,511) and regular service leavers (n=1,753), from a representative cohort study of the Armed Forces in the UK. We found that service leavers reported less social participation outside work and a general disengagement with military social contacts in comparison to serving personnel. Service leavers were more likely to report CMD and PTSD symptoms. The increased risk of CMD but not PTSD symptoms, was partially accounted for by the reduced levels of social integration among the service leavers. Maintaining social networks in which most members are still in the military is associated with alcohol misuse for both groups, but it is related to CMD and PTSD symptoms for service leavers only.

  10. CONTACT: An Air Force technical report on military satellite control technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weakley, Christopher K.

    1993-07-01

    This technical report focuses on Military Satellite Control Technologies and their application to the Air Force Satellite Control Network (AFSCN). This report is a compilation of articles that provide an overview of the AFSCN and the Advanced Technology Program, and discusses relevant technical issues and developments applicable to the AFSCN. Among the topics covered are articles on Future Technology Projections; Future AFSCN Topologies; Modeling of the AFSCN; Wide Area Communications Technology Evolution; Automating AFSCN Resource Scheduling; Health & Status Monitoring at Remote Tracking Stations; Software Metrics and Tools for Measuring AFSCN Software Performance; Human-Computer Interface Working Group; Trusted Systems Workshop; and the University Technical Interaction Program. In addition, Key Technology Area points of contact are listed in the report.

  11. Advances in damage control resuscitation and surgery: implications on the organization of future military field forces.

    PubMed

    Tien, Homer; Beckett, Andrew; Garraway, Naisan; Talbot, Max; Pannell, Dylan; Alabbasi, Thamer

    2015-06-01

    Medical support to deployed field forces is increasingly becoming a shared responsibility among allied nations. National military medical planners face several key challenges, including fiscal restraints, raised expectations of standards of care in the field and a shortage of appropriately trained specialists. Even so, medical services are now in high demand, and the availability of medical support may become the limiting factor that determines how and where combat units can deploy. The influence of medical factors on operational decisions is therefore leading to an increasing requirement for multinational medical solutions. Nations must agree on the common standards that govern the care of the wounded. These standards will always need to take into account increased public expectations regarding the quality of care. The purpose of this article is to both review North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) policies that govern multinational medical missions and to discuss how recent scientific advances in prehospital battlefield care, damage control resuscitation and damage control surgery may inform how countries within NATO choose to organize and deploy their field forces in the future.

  12. Advances in damage control resuscitation and surgery: implications on the organization of future military field forces

    PubMed Central

    Tien, Col Homer; Beckett, Maj Andrew; Garraway, LCol Naisan; Talbot, LCol Max; Pannell, Capt Dylan; Alabbasi, Thamer

    2015-01-01

    Medical support to deployed field forces is increasingly becoming a shared responsibility among allied nations. National military medical planners face several key challenges, including fiscal restraints, raised expectations of standards of care in the field and a shortage of appropriately trained specialists. Even so, medical services are now in high demand, and the availability of medical support may become the limiting factor that determines how and where combat units can deploy. The influence of medical factors on operational decisions is therefore leading to an increasing requirement for multinational medical solutions. Nations must agree on the common standards that govern the care of the wounded. These standards will always need to take into account increased public expectations regarding the quality of care. The purpose of this article is to both review North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) policies that govern multinational medical missions and to discuss how recent scientific advances in prehospital battlefield care, damage control resuscitation and damage control surgery may inform how countries within NATO choose to organize and deploy their field forces in the future. PMID:26100784

  13. GDR (Genome Database for Rosaceae): integrated web-database for Rosaceae genomics and genetics data.

    PubMed

    Jung, Sook; Staton, Margaret; Lee, Taein; Blenda, Anna; Svancara, Randall; Abbott, Albert; Main, Dorrie

    2008-01-01

    The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR) is a central repository of curated and integrated genetics and genomics data of Rosaceae, an economically important family which includes apple, cherry, peach, pear, raspberry, rose and strawberry. GDR contains annotated databases of all publicly available Rosaceae ESTs, the genetically anchored peach physical map, Rosaceae genetic maps and comprehensively annotated markers and traits. The ESTs are assembled to produce unigene sets of each genus and the entire Rosaceae. Other annotations include putative function, microsatellites, open reading frames, single nucleotide polymorphisms, gene ontology terms and anchored map position where applicable. Most of the published Rosaceae genetic maps can be viewed and compared through CMap, the comparative map viewer. The peach physical map can be viewed using WebFPC/WebChrom, and also through our integrated GDR map viewer, which serves as a portal to the combined genetic, transcriptome and physical mapping information. ESTs, BACs, markers and traits can be queried by various categories and the search result sites are linked to the mapping visualization tools. GDR also provides online analysis tools such as a batch BLAST/FASTA server for the GDR datasets, a sequence assembly server and microsatellite and primer detection tools. GDR is available at http://www.rosaceae.org.

  14. GDR (Genome Database for Rosaceae): integrated web-database for Rosaceae genomics and genetics data

    PubMed Central

    Jung, Sook; Staton, Margaret; Lee, Taein; Blenda, Anna; Svancara, Randall; Abbott, Albert; Main, Dorrie

    2008-01-01

    The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR) is a central repository of curated and integrated genetics and genomics data of Rosaceae, an economically important family which includes apple, cherry, peach, pear, raspberry, rose and strawberry. GDR contains annotated databases of all publicly available Rosaceae ESTs, the genetically anchored peach physical map, Rosaceae genetic maps and comprehensively annotated markers and traits. The ESTs are assembled to produce unigene sets of each genus and the entire Rosaceae. Other annotations include putative function, microsatellites, open reading frames, single nucleotide polymorphisms, gene ontology terms and anchored map position where applicable. Most of the published Rosaceae genetic maps can be viewed and compared through CMap, the comparative map viewer. The peach physical map can be viewed using WebFPC/WebChrom, and also through our integrated GDR map viewer, which serves as a portal to the combined genetic, transcriptome and physical mapping information. ESTs, BACs, markers and traits can be queried by various categories and the search result sites are linked to the mapping visualization tools. GDR also provides online analysis tools such as a batch BLAST/FASTA server for the GDR datasets, a sequence assembly server and microsatellite and primer detection tools. GDR is available at http://www.rosaceae.org. PMID:17932055

  15. The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR): year 10 update.

    PubMed

    Jung, Sook; Ficklin, Stephen P; Lee, Taein; Cheng, Chun-Huai; Blenda, Anna; Zheng, Ping; Yu, Jing; Bombarely, Aureliano; Cho, Ilhyung; Ru, Sushan; Evans, Kate; Peace, Cameron; Abbott, Albert G; Mueller, Lukas A; Olmstead, Mercy A; Main, Dorrie

    2014-01-01

    The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR, http:/www.rosaceae.org), the long-standing central repository and data mining resource for Rosaceae research, has been enhanced with new genomic, genetic and breeding data, and improved functionality. Whole genome sequences of apple, peach and strawberry are available to browse or download with a range of annotations, including gene model predictions, aligned transcripts, repetitive elements, polymorphisms, mapped genetic markers, mapped NCBI Rosaceae genes, gene homologs and association of InterPro protein domains, GO terms and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway terms. Annotated sequences can be queried using search interfaces and visualized using GBrowse. New expressed sequence tag unigene sets are available for major genera, and Pathway data are available through FragariaCyc, AppleCyc and PeachCyc databases. Synteny among the three sequenced genomes can be viewed using GBrowse_Syn. New markers, genetic maps and extensively curated qualitative/Mendelian and quantitative trait loci are available. Phenotype and genotype data from breeding projects and genetic diversity projects are also included. Improved search pages are available for marker, trait locus, genetic diversity and publication data. New search tools for breeders enable selection comparison and assistance with breeding decision making.

  16. The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR): year 10 update

    PubMed Central

    Jung, Sook; Ficklin, Stephen P.; Lee, Taein; Cheng, Chun-Huai; Blenda, Anna; Zheng, Ping; Yu, Jing; Bombarely, Aureliano; Cho, Ilhyung; Ru, Sushan; Evans, Kate; Peace, Cameron; Abbott, Albert G.; Mueller, Lukas A.; Olmstead, Mercy A.; Main, Dorrie

    2014-01-01

    The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR, http:/www.rosaceae.org), the long-standing central repository and data mining resource for Rosaceae research, has been enhanced with new genomic, genetic and breeding data, and improved functionality. Whole genome sequences of apple, peach and strawberry are available to browse or download with a range of annotations, including gene model predictions, aligned transcripts, repetitive elements, polymorphisms, mapped genetic markers, mapped NCBI Rosaceae genes, gene homologs and association of InterPro protein domains, GO terms and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway terms. Annotated sequences can be queried using search interfaces and visualized using GBrowse. New expressed sequence tag unigene sets are available for major genera, and Pathway data are available through FragariaCyc, AppleCyc and PeachCyc databases. Synteny among the three sequenced genomes can be viewed using GBrowse_Syn. New markers, genetic maps and extensively curated qualitative/Mendelian and quantitative trait loci are available. Phenotype and genotype data from breeding projects and genetic diversity projects are also included. Improved search pages are available for marker, trait locus, genetic diversity and publication data. New search tools for breeders enable selection comparison and assistance with breeding decision making. PMID:24225320

  17. [The Russian Armed Forces Military Medical Service: condition and ways of improvement].

    PubMed

    Fisun, A Ia

    2014-01-01

    In 2013 the main efforts of the Medical Service were aimed at the following tasks: optimization of management system of military medical service, improvement of medical evacuation system, medical service security for military contingents, assigned according to territory principle to military-medical facilities of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, implementation of innovations at all stages of medical evacuation in peace- and wartime, security of combat and mobilization readiness of regulatory bodies of the Medical Service, medical military units and military medical facilities, medical service of troops battle training, improvement of material and technical resources, security of regular pharmacy and equipment supply, activation of research work in the Medical Service interests. Lines of military medicine development in 2014 are: transfer of treatment facilities that are not used by the Ministry of Defence into the Federal Biomedical Agency till the end of 2014, prevention of pneumonia and meningitis in military personnel, improvement of early diagnosis system, medical service for military contingents according to territory principle, improvement of diagnostic and treatment work in military-medical units and subunits and military-medical facilities by means of development of material and technical resources, monitor the implementation of innovative diagnostic and treatment technologies, completion of construction projects of central military hospitals and etc.

  18. [The outcomes and the lessons of medical provision of the military forces during the great patriotic war].

    PubMed

    Knopov, M Sh; Taranukha, V K

    2010-01-01

    The progressive type of the system of of the military forces during the Great Patriotic War was ensured by the following features: the availability and maintenance of the principles of integrated field military medical doctrine, the theoretical validity of the propositions of the mentioned doctrine and the implementation of advanced achievements of medicine in developing the principles of organization of medical care and methods of treatment of wounded and ill patients; the dynamic development of content and organization of curative evacuative measures and their permanent development during the War; the systematic and close interrelationships of civil and military health care which ensured the ultimately possible implementation of national health care resources and scientific technical and industrial potentials of medical and closely-related industries in the interests of development of necessary material technical foundation of curative evacuative system during all stages of war.

  19. Major Cost Drivers of Motor Vehicle Crashes Involving Air Force Military Personnel and the Influence of the Military Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-09-01

    crashes ( MVCs ) involving USAF military personnel when off duty/off base are a critical concern for the Department of Defense (DoD), due to potential...impact on mission readiness. In addition, the cost of MVCs places excessive financial burden on the USAF budget, apart from productivity loss and...leading to MVCs is crucial to establishing effective preventive measures to mitigate the negative consequences of MVCs . This thesis applied

  20. Citizens, Soldiers, and War: Comparing American Societal-Military Relationships with the Use of Forces Abroad, 1975-2014

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    of military forces abroad. The inverse relationship was expected as a result of the trends depicted in each chapter. However, even though the...the basis on which the two relationships affect each other, the study depicted surprisingly parallel behavior, visually evident trends , strong...Because this is unlikely considering recent policy trends , the following suggestions attempt to improve the relationship by making other changes besides

  1. The Military Decision-Making Process and Special Forces Mission Planning: "A Square Peg for a Round Hole?"

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    second step of the Military Decision-Making Process is a staff that has a shared visualization of an operation in time and space consistent with their...organizational functions in a more efficent and timely manner. 19980731 054 14.SUBJECT TERMS MDMP, Special Forces, FOB,SFOB, AOB,SFOD-A,SOCCE,SOLE,JSOTF...multiple and simultaneous operations to perform their organizational functions in a more efficient and timely manner. in ACKNOWLEDGMENTS During the

  2. Malaria in U.S. military forces: a description of deployment exposures from 2003 through 2005.

    PubMed

    Ciminera, Paul; Brundage, John

    2007-02-01

    U.S. service members are often deployed to regions endemic for malaria. Preventive measures play an important role in mitigating the risk of disease and adverse effects on mission performance. Currently, a large contingent of U.S. forces is deployed in malarious regions in southeast and southwest Asia. The purpose of this study was to describe malaria cases reported by the tri-service reportable medical events system in terms of exposure (deployment history) and latency of infection. We conducted a retrospective analysis of population health data routinely collected for disease surveillance. All malaria reports received into the Defense Medical Surveillance System by January 3, 2006 with a date of onset between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2005 in which the individual diagnosed is a member of the active or reserve military components linked to personnel and deployment data were analyzed to determine assignment and deployment history. The main outcome measure was the ICD9-CM diagnosis of malaria (Plasmodium vivax, P. falciparum, P. ovale, P. malaria, and unspecified malaria) by date of onset and days from exposure. A total of 423 cases of malaria were reported during the study period. The Army (n = 325) and the Marine Corps (n = 46) had the highest number of reported cases. Plasmodium vivax (n = 242) and P. falciparum (n = 92) caused nearly four-fifths of all reported cases. During the period from 2003 through 2005, 34% of deployed cases were exposed to more than one malaria-endemic region. Seventy-four cases had been assigned in the Republic of Korea, and all were present in Korea during the high risk transmission period. Seventy-eight cases had documented service in Afghanistan; only 4 had off-season exposure and no other documented exposures. Sixty cases had documented exposure during Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). Only six seasonally exposed and six off seasonally exposed OIF cases had no other documented exposure. Fifty percent of Korean cases were

  3. Intimate Partner Violence in the Canadian Armed Forces: Psychological Distress and the Role of Individual Factors Among Military Spouses.

    PubMed

    Skomorovsky, Alla; LeBlanc, Manon Mireille

    2017-01-01

    Unique military demands can have a significant impact upon family life. Although most Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) families are able to cope effectively with the stressors of military life, some may experience marital conflicts, contributing to spousal violence. Moreover, there is evidence that certain personal resources can buffer the impact of spousal violence on psychological distress. The present study examined the roles of spousal violence and personal resources, including coping, mastery, and social support, in the psychological distress of CAF members' spouses (N = 1,892). Hierarchical regression analyses showed that violence significantly predicted psychological distress among spouses of CAF members; although physical violence was no longer significant, emotional violence remained a unique predictor. Coping, mastery, and perceived social support, entered together, significantly predicted psychological distress among spouses, over and above the role of violence. Specifically, emotion-focused coping, mastery, and social support remained unique predictors of distress. Furthermore, perceived social support buffered the negative impact of emotional violence on psychological distress. The study has important organizational implications, illuminating the risks related to the spousal violence in the military and the psychological consequences of such violence. These results can be used to improve treatment and prevention programs, enhancing the well-being of military families.

  4. [Company centredness in the rehabilitation system of the German Democratic Republic, GDR].

    PubMed

    Höhne, A; Behrens, J; Schaepe, C; Schubert, M; Zimmermann, M

    2007-08-01

    This article describes major aspects of the rehabilitation system of the former German Democratic Republic, GDR. Based on presentation of the actors in the medical and occupational rehabilitation system, differences are pointed out in comparison to the notion of rehabilitation in the former Federal Republic of Germany, FRG. The article focuses on the system of rehabilitation after stroke, which is outlined with relevant scientific literature. The health and rehabilitation system of the GDR was company-centred. Patients in rehabilitation received comprehensive care and guidance, and especially the companies played an integrative part and adjusted the occupational activity of the patients in rehabilitation to their physical and mental abilities in order to avoid early retirement. On account of the political and social transformation process as well as transfer of the health and rehabilitation legislation of the old FRG, the company-centred rehabilitation system of the GDR was replaced, implementing West German rehabilitation structures in East Germany as well.

  5. Prevalence and Predictors of Hookah Use in US Air Force Military Recruits

    PubMed Central

    Linde, Brittany D.; Ebbert, Jon O.; Pasker, Christin K.; Talcott, G. Wayne; Schroeder, Darrell R.; Hanson, Andrew C.; Klesges, Robert C.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Hookah use has gained recent popularity among U.S. youth. The current study describes the characteristics and correlates associated with hookah use in late adolescent and young adult US Air Force (USAF) recruits. Methods Data were obtained from a cross-sectional questionnaire of USAF personnel in Technical Training School at Joint Base San Antonio (N=10,997). Response rate was 78%. Logistic regression was used to analyze the associations between hookah use, demographic variables, other tobacco and nicotine containing product (TNCP) use, and the social environment. Results The prevalence of ever hookah use was 28%; at least monthly hookah use was 10%. Increased hookah use was positively associated with Hispanic ethnicity (OR [odds ratio] 1.52; 95% CI: 1.25, 1.85), cigarette smoking (OR 4.05; CI: 3.41, 4.82) and smokeless tobacco use (OR 1.35; 95% CI: 1.07, 1.71). Hookah use was negatively associated with age (OR 0.84; 95% 0.71 to 1.00), living as married (OR 0.54; 95% CI: 0.40-0.72), African American (OR 0.53; 95% CI: 0.40, 0.69) and ≥ 4-year degree (OR 0.54; 95% CI: 0.35, 0.82). Hookah use was highest among recruits who “many or almost all” of their friends smoked cigarettes (OR 2.43; 95% CI: 1.80, 3.30) and for those who reported willingness to try a tobacco product that claims to be safer than cigarettes (OR 3.16; 95% CI: 2.64, 3.77). Conclusions Hookah use among military recruits is similar to the civilian population. A willingness to try TNCPs claiming to be safer than cigarettes may influence hookah use. Public health campaigns disseminating accurate information about hookah health risks may be needed to reduce hookah use among youth. PMID:25841088

  6. U.S. Army Helicopters and U.S. Air Force Expeditionary Forces: Implications for Halting Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-06-01

    tried and proven day and night tank killer with excellent tactical range, target standoff and loiter time. Its capabilities enhance, complement, and...in Military Operations Jan S. Breemer, December 2000 20 Using Lasers in Space: Laser Orbital Debris Removal and Asteroid Deflection Jonathan W

  7. Effective GDR Width of 132Ce at High Spins and Temperatures from the LSD Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mazurek, K.; Kmiecik, M.; Maj, A.; Dudek, J.; Schunck, N.

    2007-04-01

    The Lublin--Strasbourg Drop (LSD) model, which reproduces quite satisfactorily the nuclear fission barriers, has been used as a basis for the thermal shape fluctuation method in order to compute effective GDR shapes of hot nuclei in particular at the regime of Jacobi shape transitions. In particular, the effective GDR width of 132Ce evolution as a function of angular momentum and temperature was calculated and compared to the existing experimental results. The need of including the effect of compound nucleus lifetime for temperatures higher than 2 MeV is discussed.

  8. Operation Slipper: The Australian Defence Force and Private Military Contractors in Afghanistan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-21

    specified area of operations is increasing exponentially . Although the rise in the reliance of private military contractors is not a new phenomenon, the...a specified area of operations is increasing exponentially . Although the rise in the reliance of private military contractors is not a new...analyze the causes of the growth of PMCs during the late 20th century and early 21st century US experience by relying on the demand for and supply of

  9. 21st Century Combat Post-Traumatic Stress: An Effective and Resilient Military Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-30

    WITH PTSD, SENIOR MILITARY LEADERS, STIGMA WITH PTSD, PTSD SYMPTOMS, RE-EXPERIENCING, HYPERAROUSAL, AVOIDANCE, 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17...still carries a tremendous stigma not only within the culture of the U.S. military service, but also within the perception of this society...cover areas such as identifying something is wrong, the stigma of seeking medical assistance, managing PTSD after being properly diagnosed, “fitting in

  10. Transforming and Relevant: Military Police in the Operating Forces-A Paradigm Shift for the Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-04-01

    Printing Office, 11 February 1992), 1-1. Cited hereafter as U.S. Marine Corps FMFM 3-5; and Major William M. Webber , USMC, Head, Military Police Unit, HQMC...21 All organizational charts are taken from, Webber , subject: “FDP Organization Description for the...the MAGTF elements on respective core competencies, and organizes CSS to more effectively support the warfighter, see Webber , “Military Police

  11. Not Again! 20th Century Hollow Force Lessons Learned for the 21st Century Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-17

    made without regard to military specialty. In 1961, the United States mobilized 120,000 reservists to beef up the North Atlantic Treaty Organization...the United States can be more selective in the choice and timing of large military hardware production commitments. But it does require maintenance...operational use of horses ended in the 1920’s, yet British artillery units had a seventh man on their Table of Organization whose function was to hold the

  12. Influence of running shoes and cross-trainers on Achilles tendon forces during running compared with military boots.

    PubMed

    Sinclair, Jonathan; Taylor, P J; Atkins, S

    2015-06-01

    Military recruits are known to be susceptible to Achilles tendon pathology. The British Army have introduced footwear models, the PT-03 (cross-trainer) and PT1000 (running shoes), in an attempt to reduce the incidence of injuries. The aim of the current investigation was to examine the Achilles tendon forces of the cross-trainer and running shoe in relation to conventional army boots. Ten male participants ran at 4.0 m/s in each footwear condition. Achilles tendon forces were obtained throughout the stance phase of running and compared using repeated-measures ANOVAs. The results showed that the time to peak Achilles tendon force was significantly shorter when running in conventional army boots (0.12 s) in comparison with the cross-trainer (0.13 s) and running shoe (0.13 s). Achilles tendon loading rate was shown to be significantly greater in conventional army boots (38.73 BW/s) in comparison with the cross-trainer (35.14 BW/s) and running shoe (33.57 BW/s). The results of this study suggest that the running shoes and cross-trainer footwear are associated with reductions in Achilles tendon parameters that have been linked to the aetiology of injury, and thus it can be hypothesised that these footwear could be beneficial for military recruits undertaking running exercises.

  13. TOPEX Software Document Series. Volume 5; Rev. 1; TOPEX GDR Processing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, Jeffrey; Lockwood, Dennis; Hancock, David W., III

    2003-01-01

    This document is a compendium of the WFF TOPEX Software Development Team's knowledge regarding Geophysical Data Record (GDR) Processing. It includes many elements of a requirements document, a software specification document, a software design document, and a user's manual. In the more technical sections, this document assumes the reader is familiar with TOPEX and instrument files.

  14. Explaining Performance on Military Tasks in the Canadian Armed Forces: The Importance of Morphological and Physical Fitness Characteristics.

    PubMed

    Tingelstad, Hans Christian; Theoret, Daniel; Spicovck, Michael; Haman, Francois

    2016-11-01

    Several occupations apply physical fitness tests to assess occupational physical performance to confirm that their employees meet minimum physical employment standards. Knowledge about factors affecting performance on these physical fitness tests could provide valuable information concerning mode of training. The main purpose of this study was to determine which morphological and/or physiological characteristics could explain overall performance outcome on six complex military tasks used to measure Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) members' occupational fitness. Measures of morphology (height, weight, and body composition) and physical fitness (grip strength, shuttle run time, and plank time etc.), together with performance on six common military tasks were recorded from female (n = 127) and male (n = 294) CAF members. Results showed large differences in both morphology and physical fitness between top and bottom performers in both the male and female group. Despite large differences in morphology, multiple linear regression analyses showed that measures of upper body strength and aerobic capacity could explain a large part of the performance variability in both the male and female group. This study showed that total performance on the CAF military physical fitness test is dependent on physical fitness rather than morphology.

  15. U.S. Army Military Police: The Force of Choice for Defense Support to Civil Authorities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-22

    from natural disaster, acts of civil disobedience and 4Eric Gay , “A Military Helicopter Makes a Food and Water Drop to Survivors of Hurricane Katrina...Accreditation. “Accredited Academies.” https://www.fleta. gov/AboutFLETA/accredited-academies.html (accessed 5 March 2014). Gay , Eric. “A Military...14 March 2011. http://armypubs.army.mil/epubs/pdf/ r525_29.pdf (accessed 1 March 2014). Healy, Gene . “Domestic Militarization: A Disaster in the Making

  16. GDR (Genome Database for Rosaceae): integrated web resources for Rosaceae genomics and genetics research

    PubMed Central

    Jung, Sook; Jesudurai, Christopher; Staton, Margaret; Du, Zhidian; Ficklin, Stephen; Cho, Ilhyung; Abbott, Albert; Tomkins, Jeffrey; Main, Dorrie

    2004-01-01

    Background Peach is being developed as a model organism for Rosaceae, an economically important family that includes fruits and ornamental plants such as apple, pear, strawberry, cherry, almond and rose. The genomics and genetics data of peach can play a significant role in the gene discovery and the genetic understanding of related species. The effective utilization of these peach resources, however, requires the development of an integrated and centralized database with associated analysis tools. Description The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR) is a curated and integrated web-based relational database. GDR contains comprehensive data of the genetically anchored peach physical map, an annotated peach EST database, Rosaceae maps and markers and all publicly available Rosaceae sequences. Annotations of ESTs include contig assembly, putative function, simple sequence repeats, and anchored position to the peach physical map where applicable. Our integrated map viewer provides graphical interface to the genetic, transcriptome and physical mapping information. ESTs, BACs and markers can be queried by various categories and the search result sites are linked to the integrated map viewer or to the WebFPC physical map sites. In addition to browsing and querying the database, users can compare their sequences with the annotated GDR sequences via a dedicated sequence similarity server running either the BLAST or FASTA algorithm. To demonstrate the utility of the integrated and fully annotated database and analysis tools, we describe a case study where we anchored Rosaceae sequences to the peach physical and genetic map by sequence similarity. Conclusions The GDR has been initiated to meet the major deficiency in Rosaceae genomics and genetics research, namely a centralized web database and bioinformatics tools for data storage, analysis and exchange. GDR can be accessed at . PMID:15357877

  17. Joint Task Force-Bravo: A Case Study in Military Operations Other Than War.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Pheasant , was initiated. The United States military elements along with their Honduran allies were in positions within thirty-six hours of the...Second, multinational exercises are effective as foreign deterrence options. Big Pine II and Operation Golden Pheasant produced diplomatic, social

  18. Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force ON Control of Military Excess and Surplus Materiel

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-12-01

    Commerce Control List (CCL). Each CCL entry is preceded by a four-digit Export Control Classification Number ( ECCN ) and those ECCNs ending in the...Administration EAR Export administration Regulation ECCN Export Control Classification Number Control of Military Excess and Surplus Materiel D-1 FAA FBI

  19. Military Occupational Outcomes in Canadian Armed Forces Personnel with and without Deployment-Related Mental Disorders

    PubMed Central

    Zamorski, Mark A.

    2016-01-01

    Objective: Mental disorders are common in military organizations, and these frequently lead to functional impairments that can interfere with duties and lead to costly attrition. In Canada, the military mental health system has received heavy investment to improve occupational outcomes. We investigated military occupational outcomes of diagnosed mental disorders in a cohort of 30,513 personnel who deployed on the Afghanistan mission. Methods: Cohort members were military personnel who deployed on the Afghanistan mission from 2001 to 2008. Mental disorder diagnoses and their attribution to the Afghanistan mission were ascertained via medical records in a stratified random sample (n = 2014). Career-limiting medical conditions (that is, condition-associated restrictions that reliably lead to medically related attrition) were determined using administrative data. Outcomes were assessed from first Afghanistan-related deployment return. Results: At 5 years of follow-up, the Kaplan-Meier estimated cumulative fraction with career-limiting medical conditions was 40.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] 35.5 to 46.4) among individuals with Afghanistan service–related mental disorders (ARMD), 23.6% (CI 15.5 to 31.8) with other mental disorders, and 11.1% (CI 8.9 to 13.3) without mental disorders. The adjusted Cox regression hazard ratios for career-limiting medical condition risk were 4.89 (CI 3.85 to 6.23) among individuals with ARMD and 2.31 (CI 1.48 to 3.60) with other mental disorders, relative to those without mental disorders. Conclusions: Notwithstanding the Canadian military’s mental health system investments, mental disorders (particularly ARMD) still led to a high risk of adverse military occupational outcomes. Such investments have intrinsic value but may not translate into reduced medically related attrition without improvements in prevention and treatment effectiveness. PMID:27254844

  20. Gastrointestinal illnesses among French forces deployed to Djibouti: French military health surveillance, 2005-2009.

    PubMed

    Ollivier, Lénaïck; Decam, Christophe; Pommier de Santi, Vincent; Darar, Houssein Y; Dia, Aïssata; Nevin, Remington L; Romand, Olivier; Bougère, Jacques; Deparis, Xavier; Boutin, Jean-Paul

    2010-10-01

    Despite an increase in foreign tourism and in the numbers of foreign military personnel deployed to Djibouti, little is known about the risk of gastrointestinal illness in this country in eastern Africa. To assess risk and to describe common features of gastrointestinal illnesses, reports of illness derived from military health surveillance data collected during 2005-2009 among French service members deployed to Djibouti were reviewed. Diarrhea was the most common problem; it had an annual incidence ranging from 260 to 349 cases per 1,000 person-years. The risk was higher among soldiers deployed short-term (four months) than among soldiers deployed long-term (two years). This five-year review of French health surveillance data documents a significant burden of diarrhea among French soldiers in Djibouti. The identification of factors associated with risk may permit efficient targeting of interventions to reduce morbidity from gastrointestinal illness.

  1. The Impact of Internal Unrest and Disputed Borders on Chinese Military Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-07-26

    north . The march began with 87,000 soldiers, broke into several different groups and swarmed north . A year later, only 10,000 survivors reached...United States and the Sino-Soviet Split: The Key Role of Nuclear Superiority." Journal of Slavic Military Studies 17, no. 2 (January 2004): 271-272. 10...Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Iran have demonstrated. A middle class has arisen from Chinese economic reform, but it is not typical of its namesake in the

  2. Effects of National Strategic Policy on the Military Engineer Force Structure from 1919 through 1991

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-11-30

    Marine Engineer, 9-10. 95 Forty, Marine Handbook, 45 29 peacetime strength for the military and the debate over the relevance of the Marines resurfaced ...https://www.afresearch.org/ skins /rims/q_mod_be0e99f3-fc56- 4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153/q_act_downloadpaper/q_obj_994d38f1-5e99-4ee0-8ada- 41931c9f4781

  3. Environmental Assessment: Military Housing Privatization Initiative at Scott Air Force Base, Illinois

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    Scientific Name White Pine Pinus strobus Ornamental Crabapple Malus (Pyrus) spp. Green Ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica Red Maple Acer rubrum Eastern...level produces ratings of “barely acceptable” for intelligibility of spoken material. Increasing the level of noise to 80 dB reduces the...Protection and Enhancement, are to: • Evaluate and minimize environmental impacts from noise produced by military activities; • Comply with federal

  4. Final Environmental Assessment for the Military Housing Privatization Initiative (MHPI), Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    Communities near Eielson AFB include Moose Creek to the north and Salcha to the south. Base lands include 19,790 contiguous acres bounded on the west by...Century Park South Rainbow Court Broadway Moose Lake ~ Ravenswood N 0 0.15 0.3 Purpose and Need for Action May 2011 Military Housing Privatization...Existing Housing Area Estimated Size of Lease (Acres) Length of Lease (Years) Number of Units Conveyed French Creek 50 50 215 Moose Lake 47

  5. The Rise of Robots: The Military’s Use of Autonomous Lethal Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-02-17

    autonomous lethal engagement ability. As military professionals, we have a duty to ensure the legal framework, proper policy, moral and ethical ...recommendations for potential paths forward. To facilitate the discussion, the paper is divided into three major areas: the legal implications, ethical ...the legal framework, proper policy, moral and ethical considerations, as well as proper tactics and doctrine are in place to ensure compliance with

  6. Wake-Sleep Cycle Management during SUSOPS and CONOPS in French Military Forces: Policy and Ethics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-01

    Slow release Caffeine 3.2.1 Presentation of the molecule Coffee is the stimulant beverage the most ingested in the world. Coffee consumption...minor effects, i.e. diuretic effect, palpitations or slight tremor, are observed with high plasma concentrations of caffeine . The brief pharmacologic...Figure 8: Pharmacokinetic profiles of SR- Caffeine vs. Coffee 3.2.2 In practice SR- Caffeine will be very soon available in our military operational

  7. United States Air Force Response to Problems of Child Abuse within the Military Community.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-01-01

    a physically deformed child, (5) a retarded child, (6) a colicky • ° -. ............................... ...... 43 baby, (7) an incontinent child, and...dirty diaper 1 1/2-hour constant crying 2 physicians 1 military policeman 1 social worker Sift 2 inexperienced, slightly bruised parents and 2 tender...husband from field and immediately add 1 fifth of alcohol or an equal amount of beer. Soak one teething, cranky baby in one double dirty diaper and

  8. Environmental Assessment of the Privatization of Military Family Housing at Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-05-01

    congressional legislation. b. Ensures that eligible military members and their families have access to quality, attractive , and affordable housing...average annual temperature at Andrews AFB is 56 degrees Fahrenheit (ºF), the mean annual precipitation is 42.5 inches, the mean average snowfall is...surface water turbidity, which can raise water temperature and impede photosynthetic processes. Sediment runoff into surface water bodies also

  9. [Shock therapy and psychosurgery in the early German Democratic Republic (GDR)].

    PubMed

    Rzesnitzek, L

    2015-11-01

    Patient files, textbooks and published articles of the time show that the wide range of psychiatric therapies of the 1950s and 1960s was also used in the early German Democratic Republic (GDR). The use of insulin coma therapy, cardiazol and electroconvulsive therapies and especially of leucotomy in the GDR must not only be seen in the context of the international development and debate concerning these therapies up to the introduction of psychopharmaceutic therapy but also, in a similar way as in the Federal Republic of Germany, in relation to the locally sometimes different availability of insulin and cardiazol in the post-war period, different schools of academic thought and scientific research interest and priorities of the clinics concerned.

  10. Women in Military Aircrews: Possible Outlooks for the French Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-05-01

    French MAC) DOD Department of Defense ERA Equal Rights Amendment FAF French Air Force FFA Forces F ~ minines de l’Air FY Fiscal Year IP Instructor...however, that the reality is much more compli- cated and that the issue is still passionate and emotional. Between hardline reactions such as " leadership ...compete for leadership positions.) Female officers graduating from the "Ecole de l’Air" (French Air Force Academy) are not eligible for this program

  11. Today`s thermal imaging systems: Background and applications for civilian law enforcement and military force protection

    SciTech Connect

    Bisbee, T.L.; Pritchard, D.A.

    1997-10-01

    Thermal (infrared) imagers can solve many security assessment problems associated with the protection of high-value assets at military bases, secure installations, or commercial facilities. Thermal imagers can provide surveillance video from security areas or perimeters both day and night without expensive security lighting. In the past, thermal imagers required cryogenic cooling to operate. The high cost and maintenance requirements restricted their use. However, recent developments in reliable, linear drive cryogenic coolers and uncooled infrared imagers have dramatically reduced system cost. These technology developments are resulting in greater accessibility and practicality for military as well as civilian security and force protection applications. This paper discusses recent advances in thermal imaging technology including uncooled and cryo-cooled. Applications of Forward Looking InfraRed (FLIR) systems are also discussed, including integration with a high-speed pan/tilt mount and remote control, video frame storage and recall, low-cost vehicle-mounted systems, and hand-held devices. Other facility installation topics will be discussed, such as site layout, assessment ranges, imager positioning, fields-of-view, sensor and alarm reporting systems, and communications links.

  12. Final Environmental Impact Statement for Proposed White Elk Military Operations Area, Hill Air Force Base, Utah

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-01

    Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 i RECORD OF DECISION FOR THE WlllTE ELK MILITARY OPERATIONS AREA WIDTE PINE AND ELKO COUNTIES, NEVADA This document...western edge of the existing UTTR over White Pine County and Elko County in Nevada. Establishment of the additional airspace linked to the existing...proximity to Hill AFB for establishment of the new MOA Page2 airspace but only one, the area over White Pine County and Elko County on the western edge

  13. When Military Parents Come Home: Building "Strong Families Strong Forces," a Home-Based Intervention for Military Families with Very Young Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paris, Ruth; Acker, Michelle L.; Ross, Abigail M.; DeVoe, Ellen R.

    2011-01-01

    The long wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have presented unique challenges to military-connected families with very young children, yet few evidence-based services are available to support these families through deployment and reintegration. Although many military families have shown remarkable resilience throughout the intense demands of the wars,…

  14. Force of No Choice: The Role of the Military in Interagency Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-19

    of influence able to be established by occupying forces over indigenous populations. In an era of globalised communications and continuous media...initial degree of influence able to be established by occupying forces over indigenous populations. In an era of globalised communications and near...easily be seen as favoring more developed nations. Globalised media, communications, travel and the

  15. [Studies on prenosological diagnostics of health of armed forces personnel on compulsory military service].

    PubMed

    2012-01-01

    Federal budget scientific institution "Nizhny Novgorod research institute for hygiene and occupational pathology", Federal service of supervision in sphere of protection of the rights of consumers and wellbeing of the person. The authors have evaluated physical development of contract military persons divided in following age groups (under 30, 30-34, 35-39, 40-44, 45-49, over 50 years old), according to morphofunctional indices, index of functional measurement in human organism, pathological affection. Obtained data give evidence about presence of health risk factors in all observed groups. Preventive measures are the most necessary in 1 and 2 groups. The highest health risk group is age group of 35-39 years old.

  16. An Analysis of the Design-Build Delivery Approach in Air Force Military Construction

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-01

    Budget projects awarded NLT 31 Mar 06. Congressional Insert Projects FY06 Congressional Insert projects awarded NLT 30 Sep 06 CWE/PA Ratio The sum of the...Pacific Air Forces (PACAF) (2004). Automated Civil Engineer System Project Management (ACES-PM) Desktop Reference Manual. Conifer CO: OLA

  17. Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps Indicators of Leadership Development in Undergraduate Military Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shannon, Christopher C.

    2013-01-01

    The selection and retention assessment process is dynamic. Dipboye, Smith, and Howell (1994) argued that the most influential portion of the final hiring process is the result of the interviewer's impression of the applicants. The Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps program is responsible for selecting, retaining and ultimately hiring…

  18. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military Affairs, The Armed Forces Disaster Relief Effort in Armenia.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    According to the Yerevan seismic station, the tremors measured more than force 10 in the epicenter, which was in the area of the city of Leninakan. It...room for over 100,000 people, 22,000 padded jackets and trousers (mainly for the rural regions), and thousands of hats with earflaps and warm mittens

  19. Annex to the Report of the Defense Task Force on Sexual Assault in the Military Services

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    Knowledge a. Text. “(a) Any person subject to this chapter who commits an act of sexual intercourse by force and without consent, is guilty of rape ...circumstances not amounting to rape , commits an act of sexual intercourse with a person— (1) who is not his or her spouse; and (2) who has not attained the...range of sex-related criminal offenses (i.e., rape , carnal knowledge, sodomy (forcible and consensual), indecent assault, indecent acts or liberties

  20. Urban Counterinsurgency: Case Studies and Implications for U.S. Military Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-10-01

    Salvador , U.S. forces have been engaged almost continuously, either directly or indirectly, in LIC situations from the late 1940s to the present. This...had demanded in return.) VENEZUELA In 1958, a revolution replaced dictator Perez Jimenez. A wide range of political elements joined in the victorious...increasing violent clashes with the police and soldiers. In the midst of the civilian uprising, the navy revolted and the dictator, Perez Jimenez, fled. A

  1. Korean Military Advisory Group: Insights for Future Security Force Assistance Efforts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-10

    National Defense, to create a plan for a Korean national defense force. Champeny developed a plan called BAMBOO , proposing a 25,000-man constabulary...1946.45 Plan BAMBOO called for the establishment of U.S.-style infantry company-sized elements, without heavy weapons platoons, with one unit...Koreans. President Rhee dubbed it the ―Home of the Nation’s Warriors.‖ The construction of the Korean Army Training Center brought pride and first class

  2. Advising Host Nations and Host Nation Security Forces: The United States Military Advisory Efforts through 2020

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-22

    Forces AOR Area of Responsibility ARCENT US Army Central ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASI Additional Skill Identifier AWG ...Development (RAND) Corporation, at the bequest of the Army’s Asymmetric Warfare Group ( AWG ) between January and April 2013 in Afghanistan, 58 percent of those...ABCT while deployed. The U.S. Army Asymmetric Warfare Group ( AWG ) conducted an overview of how it provides operational advisory and Solution

  3. Costs of Supporting and Modernizing Current U.S. Military Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-09-01

    will postpone some defense expenditures . Details of these slowdowns are not yet publicly available, but for the sake of illustration CBO has assumed...costs by electing to modernize a smaller force or by maintaining lower operating tempos. Efficiencies in defense spending also might offset some future...Average Annual Real Growth 1990-1994: 3 percent to 4 percent 1990-2000: 1 percent to 2 percent Total Defense Spending 1990-1994: $1.6trilion to

  4. Properties of Hot Nuclei at Extreme Angular Momenta Studied by the GDR

    SciTech Connect

    Maj, Adam; Kmiecik, Maria; Schunck, Nicolas; Styczen, Jan

    2005-11-21

    Hot nuclei, from both heavy and light mass regions, were investigated at extreme angular momenta by means of the gamma decay of Giant Dipole Resonance. It was found that the 216Rn nucleus possesses an almost spherical equilibrium shape up to the fission limit, while 46Ti undergoes a Jacobi shape transition. Preferential feeding of the highly deformed band in 42Ca by the low energy GDR component in 46Ti is found. The experimental results are interpreted within the newest liquid drop model LSD.

  5. Medical Malpractice Claims Against Military and Civilian Personnel of the Armed Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-08-24

    Civilian Personnel of the Armed Forces References: (a) Public Law 94-464, & l(a), 90 Stat. 1985, Title 10, United States Code, SectionD TI 1089 (f)ELECTE (b...OF AUTHORITY 1. The authority vested in the Secretary of Defense by I, ’I Title 10, U.S. C., section 1089 (f) (reference (a)) to hold harm- /’i...Title 10, U.S. C., section 1089 (f) (reference (a)). D. PROCEDURES 1. In all cases under Title 10, U.S.C., section 1089 , medical per- sonnel shall be

  6. Looking Through the Fog: United States National Security Strategy, National Military Strategy, Air Force Doctrine and the Impacts to ISR (1990-2012)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-01

    imagery available, and 90% of the targeting information to the ground forces.9 In Kosovo, Maj Gen William T. Hobbins wrote, “we never dropped a bomb on a... EO / IR ) or ASARS (SAR) during ground ops. 5 platforms provided military planners a different approach to battlefield intelligence. Much like the...capability to carry electro-optical ( EO )/ infrared ( IR ) camera, or a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) system, depending on the mission set or intelligence

  7. Military Man in Space: A History of Air Force Efforts to Find a Manned Space Mission

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-02-01

    f romn Air Command arid oraf f Research Report (_ to m b e r e ( it 1 eI I .... i. ±9 t I ySi u t:h o r ------ .... Thi s notice mus t be ic, !.udetd...I;ý.k SAMP. AS HIýT OT C, I.’.f RS 11 N1 U C LA SS IF I FE) 22a NAMi 0( RIýSI𔃺Ni)ILIIO\\IUt21 II PIISIP 2 IF` M , h! , I ,,o A 1 ,ŕ ACS;C/FDCC...Orbiting Laboratory, Secretary of the Air Force Eugene M . Zuckert test ified before the Ho•se Armed Services Committee: In the field of mil itary

  8. [Veterinary medicine of the GDR in strained relations between technical instructions and political guidelines].

    PubMed

    Prange, H; Azar, J

    2003-01-01

    The development of Veterinary Medicine in the Soviet Occupation Zone in Germany and the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) is sketched in highlights. After the collectivization of agriculture (1960) a centralistically controlled national veterinary system was established. It was suited to the requirements of the industrially organized animal production. The successive classification of socialistic veterinary administration was associated with the following matters: the extension of veterinary subject matters, a vertical division of work with the aid of newly created technical veterinary professions, and a penetration of the profession with political guidelines. As the professional level of the veterinary system in the GDR was relatively high the reflection in retrospective needs to be evaluated in a differentiated way considering the textual and social conditions. In spite of centralism and indoctrination the veterinary system remained professionally autonomous with islands of political independence, which sustained the identity of this profession. The latter formed the base for self renewal of the East German veterinary system at the end of the socialistic area 1989/1990.

  9. Advanced Technology Development Program for Lithium-Ion Batteries: Gen 2 GDR Performance Evaluation Report

    SciTech Connect

    Jon P. Christophersen; Chinh D. Ho; Gary L. Henriksen; David Howell

    2006-07-01

    The Advanced Technology Development Program has completed the performance evaluation of the second generation of lithium-ion cells (i.e., Gen 2 cells). This report documents the testing and analysis of the Gen 2 GDR cells, which were used to learn and debug the newly developed Technology Life Verification Test Manual. The purpose of the manual is to project a 15-year, 150,000 mile battery life capability with a 90% confidence interval using predictive models and short-term testing. The GDR cells were divided into two different matrices. The core-life test matrix consisted of calendar- and cycle-life cells with various changes to the four major acceleration factors (temperature, state-of-charge, throughput, and power rating). The supplemental-life test matrix consisted of cells subjected either to a path dependence study, or a comparison between the standard hybrid pulse power characterization test and the newly-developed minimum pulse power characterization test. Resistance and capacity results are reported.

  10. Military Perspectives on Cyberpower

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-07-01

    Zimet and Charles L. Barry Military cyberpower is the application of the domain of cyber- space to operational concepts to accomplish military objec...pable global backbone, unrestrained information sharing among com- mands, and truly interoperable networks wherein every authorized user can access...Special Operations Forces (SOF), and space forces performing missions around the world, and their supporting in- telligence networks. DOD divides

  11. Description of Officers and Enlisted Personnel in the U.S. Armed Forces. A Reference for Military Manpower Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doering, Zahava D.; And Others

    As part of a project to improve the quality of survey data and to link survey data to policy formulation and research needs in the military, a study was made of more than 54,000 men and women military officers and enlisted personnel in 1978-79. The survey sought information about their personal preferences and attitudes, past behavior, and career…

  12. On the Social Status and Career Prospects of Youth in Agriculture in the GDR (German Democratic Republic).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tittel, Guenter

    The new Youth Act passed by the People's Chamber of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in 1974 assumes that the interests of young people concur with the interests of their socialist society and state, for it reforms the rights and conditions for the further development of young people and defines their duties and responsibilities in terms of…

  13. Military History of the American Revolution. Proceedings of the Military History Symposium (6th) Held at the Air Force Academy, Colo. on 10-11 October 1974,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-01-01

    in 1776 and not maintained subsequently because forces were dispersed ."• Evidence that the timing of the Dcclaratior. wi independence was in part...that it was determined to make them submit by taking or sinking their ships, devastating their ports, destroying their armed forces, and dispersing ...Still, it was confident that such a force of regulars would be able to disperse any number of untrained colonists and that Britain would gain a

  14. GDR as a Probe of the Collective Motion in Nuclei at High Spins, Temperatures or Isospins

    SciTech Connect

    Maj, Adam

    2008-11-11

    The gamma-decay of the Giant Dipole Resonance (GDR), the high-frequency collective vibration of protons against neutrons, has been proven to be a basic probe for the shapes of hot nuclei, especially to study the effective shape evolution caused by the collective rotation of a nucleus. In this context an interesting question arises: what is the nuclear shape at extreme values of spin or temperatures, close to the limit impose by another collective motion--fission, and how evolves the giant dipole collective vibrations as a function of isospin. Short overview of the results from the experiments aimed to answer these questions are presented and possible perspectives of these type of studies for exotic nuclei to be obtained with the novel gamma-calorimeter PARIS and soon available intense radioactive beams are discussed.

  15. [The role of preventive chemotherapy in the present tuberculosis epidemiology of GDR (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Krebs, A

    1977-01-01

    The risk of "Gesunde Befundträger" (healthy carriers of pulmonary lesions) to develop pulmonary tuberculosis is compared with that of persons with X-ray shadows in the lung. In the group of "Gesunde Befundträger" this risk can be further differentiated, being highest among males with positive tuberculin skin test and more extended X-ray shadows in the lung. Judging from a follow-up of 4 years in the double-blind trial on isoniazid preventive treatment in persons with fibrotic lesions, the risk of developing pulmonary tuberculosis is reduced by 2/3 by giving 300 mg isoniazid daily during 24 weeks. In the present epidemiological stage of tuberculosis in GDR, preventive treatment of persons with highest risk of developing tuberculosis disease is the most promising prophylactic measure. The recommedations to reduce side-effects must be observed.

  16. The Role of the Armed Forces in the Americas: Civil-Military Relations for the 21st Century

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-04-01

    politics, in nostalgic prose and poetry than in academic writings. Authors such as Octavio Paz, Pedro Nava or Jorge Luis Borges had a greater political...Democracy in the Americas Licenciado Luis Tibiletti Ser 2000, Argentina 77 Part Three: National Security and Civil-Military Relations in the 21st...Century: Three Views From Latin America 83 6. Civil-Military Relations in the Americas for the 21st Century: A Latin American Perspective Professor Luis

  17. In the Middle of the Fight: An Assessment of Medium-Armored Forces in Past Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    History , U.S. Army, [1961] 1984. Bochkarev, Vladimir, and Vladimir Komol’tzev, “Rossiyskaya ‘Burya v Gorakh’ [Russian ‘ Mountain Storm...Office of the Chief of Military History , U.S. Army, 1989. Matyash, Vladimir, “Uchast’ Banditov V Gorakh Predpreshena [Fate of Bandits in Mountains ...Center of Military History The research described in this report was sponsored by the United States Army under Contract No. W74V8H-06-C-0001. Library of

  18. Strategic Studies Quarterly: An Air Force-Sponsored Strategic Forum for Military, Government, and Academic Professionals. Volume 1, Number 2

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    These historic shifts altered the priorities and structures of national security. As we adjust our military organizations and capabilities to this...brought on by aging fleets and infrastructure, and spiraling modernization costs. We must also anticipate shifts in federal fiscal priorities driven...enabling economies of speed across all elements of national power-diplomatic, information, military, and economic-and raising the priority of ISR to

  19. Military Forces in Transition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    assessed to be the primary weapon carriers. The AS -X- 19 Koala ALCM and the similar SS-NX-24 Scorpion submarine-launched cruise mis- sile (SLCM), both...over 145,000 kilometers of track in the Soviet rail network. Most remaining SS- 19 silos are likely to be destroyed as part of the START Treaty. long...NX-24 program is very much in doubt. AS -X- 19s have been linked with Bear H heavy bombers; however. Bear Hs can only carry two AS -X- 19s , and the

  20. Military Strategy,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1968-01-01

    with a grass surface. This aircraft has the following cal- culated characteristics: maximum «peed 2500-2700 km/hour, service cell - ing up to...mobi- lisation of all the national resources to repel the enemy, and the systematic growth of the technical equipment of our Armed Forces. For...bombers. Cannon- machlnegun aircraft weapons have been replaced by rocket weapons. In recent years the speed and celling of military planes has

  1. U.S. Army Helicopters and U.S. Air Force Expeditionary Forces: Implications for Halting Military Operations (Occasional Paper Number 22)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-06-01

    proven day and night tank killer with excellent tactical range, target standoff and loiter time. Its capabilities enhance, complement, and support...Military Operations Jan S. Breemer, December 2000 20 Using Lasers in Space: Laser Orbital Debris Removal and Asteroid Deflection Jonathan W

  2. Force.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gamble, Reed

    1989-01-01

    Discusses pupil misconceptions concerning forces. Summarizes some of Assessment of Performance Unit's findings on meaning of (1) force, (2) force and motion in one dimension and two dimensions, and (3) Newton's second law. (YP)

  3. Psychological and Physiological Selection of Military Special Operations Forces Personnel (Selection psychologique et physiologique des militaires des forces d’operations speciales)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-01

    Cognitive Function during Stressful Military Training’ Lieutenant-Colonel Tony Littrell Presentation: ‘Overview of USASOC’ viii...physical pressures with quick recovery. In addition, they must be stable and stress -resistant, able to overcome fears, and endure and maintain...these tests into a single battery would be labour intensive and time consuming. Because several studies have demonstrated a strong link between working

  4. Music in the Military.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Amanda

    1981-01-01

    Following a very brief history of military bands, the author describes the musical performance opportunities currently available in the United States Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force, and Coast Guard, for young musicians who may wish to enlist. (SJL)

  5. Moral Injury in Military Operations: A Review of the Literature and Key Considerations for the Canadian Armed Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-01

    that was linked to the Afghan mission. This paper focuses on a particular psychological aftermath of military operations, that which may be...concept of moral injury, formally defined as the psychological anguish that can result from“[p]erpetrating, failing to prevent, bearing witness to...moral injuries, which in turn, are associated with a wide range of damaging psychological , interpersonal, occupational and life threatening outcomes for

  6. The Impact to NATO and the United States of the European Union’s Military Rapid-Reaction Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Orenstein , Ph.D. _________________________________________, Member Major Patrick R. Allen, M.A. Accepted this 31st day of May 2002 by...improving European military capabilities, 19 November. Accessed on-line, 2 February 2002, <http://www.defense-aerospace.com/data/verbatim/data/ve236> Evans ...1 Reynolds Ave., Building 111 Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-1352 5. Harold S. Orenstein , Ph.D. Combined Arms Doctrine Directorate ATTN: ATZL-FD-CD 1

  7. Beyond Triage: The Escalation of Empowerment by U.S. Military Forces in Support of International Disaster Response

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-06-13

    international institutions, and a mass of non -governmental organizations shed new light on the difficulties of disaster response. The U.S. military...circumstances. Triage provides a clinical calculus that matches conditions to effects. By rounding down the extremes, focused effort is expended on the...response unavailable from Non -Governmental Organizations, International Institutions, and Private-Voluntary Organizations? 5. Does an initial focus on

  8. Injury Reduction Effectiveness of Prescribing Running Shoes Based on Foot Shape in Air Force Basic Military Training

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-08-01

    between injury risk and body weight and this is in consonance with other basic training studies that have examined this relationship (81, 86, 132). There...Generally, BMI shows a close relationship with body fat in military and civilian samples, demonstrating correlations on the order of 0.7 (102, 137, 138...However, this means that only about 50% of the variance in BMI is accounted for by body fat. The relationship between BMI and injury in basic

  9. The Military and Society. Proceedings of the Military History Symposium (5th), United States Air Force Academy, 5-6 October 1972,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1972-01-01

    34 ’- Speaking for many of his fellow Army officers,G..neral Henry H. Arnold put it more succinctly: "Negro pilots cannotbe used in our present Air Force...demonstrated, and Yarmolinsky approached the Secretary on the idea economic sanctio of forming a committee under Attorney Gerhard Gesell to survey the the duty...this group argued, was the need to protect Gesell Committ the physical well-being of the individual black soldier. In a decade when G963 d it civil

  10. Updates: Routine screening for antibodies to HIV-1, civilian applicants for U.S. military service and U.S. Armed Forces, active and reserve components.

    PubMed

    2011-08-01

    During routine testing of civilian applicants for U.S. military service, the overall seroprevalence of antibodies to HIV-1 was lower in 2010 than in any year since 1990. Among members of the active components of the U.S. Army and Air Force, HIV-1 seroprevalences were higher in 2008-2010 than in recent prior years. Among members of the active components of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps, the Marine Corps Reserve, and the Army National Guard, HIV-1 seroprevalences have slightly declined or remained relatively stable for at least ten years. In the reserve components of most of the service branches, it is difficult to discern long-term trends because of instability of seroprevalences observed in the relatively small numbers of reserve component members tested each year.

  11. Labor Force

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The labor force is the number of people ages 16 or older who are either working or looking for work. It does not include active-duty military personnel or the institutionalized population, such as prison inmates. Determining the size of the labor force is a way of determining how big the economy can get. The size of the labor force depends on two…

  12. 20 CFR 212.5 - Verification of military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Verification of military service. 212.5... MILITARY SERVICE § 212.5 Verification of military service. Military service may be verified by the... armed forces that shows the beginning and ending dates of the individual's active military service; or...

  13. 20 CFR 212.5 - Verification of military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Verification of military service. 212.5... MILITARY SERVICE § 212.5 Verification of military service. Military service may be verified by the... armed forces that shows the beginning and ending dates of the individual's active military service; or...

  14. 20 CFR 212.5 - Verification of military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Verification of military service. 212.5... MILITARY SERVICE § 212.5 Verification of military service. Military service may be verified by the... armed forces that shows the beginning and ending dates of the individual's active military service; or...

  15. 20 CFR 212.5 - Verification of military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true Verification of military service. 212.5... MILITARY SERVICE § 212.5 Verification of military service. Military service may be verified by the... armed forces that shows the beginning and ending dates of the individual's active military service; or...

  16. 20 CFR 212.5 - Verification of military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Verification of military service. 212.5... MILITARY SERVICE § 212.5 Verification of military service. Military service may be verified by the... armed forces that shows the beginning and ending dates of the individual's active military service; or...

  17. USSR Report, Military Affairs, No. 1780, Communist of the Armed Forces, Nos. 5-6, March 1983

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-07-19

    keeps them in an exemplary state and is able to control them under the most complex situation and to quickly take correct decisions. The results of...possibility of constantly keeping the coastal states in its sights. Secondly, as the Indian newspaper NAV BHARAT TIMES emphasizes, to land an assault force...order to shorten the time for increasing the grouping of its armed forces for operations in the Indian Ocean, the United States is constant- ly keeping

  18. [Cerebrospinal fluid diagnostics in Germany since 1950 : Developments in the GDR and FRG in the context of society and science].

    PubMed

    Reiber, H

    2016-12-01

    The 40 years of separated development in two countries with extremely different political and social utopias allow consideration of the connection between science and society. The society-dependent development of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diagnostics in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) is shown in the context of the international scientific development of the post-war era with new paradigms in physics, biology and genetics. As part of this contribution to the philosophy of science the consequences of the complex life science for a new view of disease research are discussed in contrast to the currently dominating, reductionistic medical industrial complex.

  19. Force Drawdowns and Demographic Diversity: Investigating the Impact of Force Reductions on the Demographic Diversity of the U.S. Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    and After 2000s Drawdown: Air Force Officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 D.1. Sample Legal Authorities and DoD...management policy experts and diversity policy experts about policy options to address demographic diversity in a drawdown. These experts noted the legal ...recruit- ing and accessions) and providing flexible career options to personnel as ways to address demographic diversity. Because of the legal

  20. What Strategic Considerations Should Affect a Decision by the United States to Intervene with Military Force in Bosnia-Hercegovina?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-06-04

    in the vicinity of Biograd-na-Moru, near modern Zadar and Sibenik on the Dalmatian coast. Zagreb only became the focus of Croatian politics after the...Croatian Serb forces to take the port of Zadar , this has become a dead issue. Serbia will remain content 72 with its rail access through Montenegro to the

  1. The Future U.S. Military Presence in Europe: Forces and Requirements for the Post-Cold War Era

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-01-01

    product, rising unemployment, unstable monetary policies, rapid inflation, a mammoth but now-useless defense industry, sluggish foreign investment...Spitsbergen) to provide improved protection of SSBN bastions after acci- dental collision between Soviet SSBN and trailing U.S. SSN in Soviet...by the Commander, Allied Air Forces, Central Europe (COMAAFCE). 3 Under COMAAFCE, air defense, strike, lThis nomenclature is that used by the

  2. Hard Power and Soft Power: The Utility of Military Force as an Instrument of Policy in the 21st Century

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-01

    as a substitute for the threat or use of mili- tary force. Each kind of power has its limitations, but the obvious and familiar challenges ...Nicolson, 2005); Strategy and History: Essays on Theory and Practice (Routledge, 2007; Potomac Books, 2009); National Security Dilem- mas: Challenges ...terms mainly of calcu- lable costs and benefits , principally the former, soft power works through the persuasive potency of ideas that foreigners find

  3. Inadequate Contract Oversight of Military Construction Projects in Afghanistan Resulted in Increased Hazards to Life and Safety of Coalition Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-08

    applicable fire protection standards for two of the three projects we reviewed that required a fire sprinkler system . Specifically, the Secure...RSOI and Command and Control facilities do not have fire sprinkler systems as required by Unified Facilities Criteria 3-600-01, Section 4-2.2...stated that, as such, those facilities did not need fire sprinkler systems . Based on the justification provided by the Air Force on the DD Form 1391s

  4. The Effects of Attendance at Initial Professional Military Education on the Personal Values of United States Air Force Officers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-04-01

    self - esteem or self -conceptions. As one means of reducing this self -dissatisfaction, some of these individuals changed their behaviors to become more...Force officers have an excessive concern for self -enhancement rather than mission effectiveness. He goes on to say that junior officers in their first...34. . . work through established chan- nels but for their own ends and not to advance larger than self social issues" (p. 501). He says these people are

  5. The Military Dimension of the Niger Delta Crisis: Increasing the Effectiveness of Security Forces Through Information Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-11

    on the happenings in the Niger Delta region. Much of the writings on the Niger Delta are from the marginalization, human rights or descriptive ...complacency of the western world who he said are only interested in the proverbial golden eggs while neglecting the goose that lays it (Peel 2009...government‘s side; and the use of minimum force to avoid alienating the local population‖ (Dixon 2009, 4). Lieutenant Colonel Bridgewater, in his description

  6. Military Spending in Eastern Europe,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-05-01

    on defense (the sums are less than the corresponding expenditures by the republics) or whether they involve military spending above and beyond that...certain military expenditures on personnel are included in budgetary categories other than defense spending . Transportation of soldiers to their first... expenditures and forces and military spending decisions in Eastern Europe. iii L SUMMARY Although the Soviet Union is the most threatening potential

  7. A Conscript Military Force as a Credible Defense System for a Small Nation: The Case of Singapore and Taiwan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-06-03

    AND SCIENCE by DANIEL ONG BOON HWEE, MAJ, SAF B. Soc. SC. (ECONS) Hons, National University of Singapore, 1984 i _D7I ELECTE FOT 65 1988 " Fort...APR edition may be used until exhausted. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAE All other editions are obsolete. iD-9 UNCLASSIFIED 0tc0TY GEA-StPI&ATWW OP...militia and the all -volunteer armed forces. The best example of a rilitia system is that of the Swiss Militia Army, and it is not surprising that the

  8. A Prospective Study of Acute Diarrhea in a Cohort of United States Military Personnel on Deployment to the Multinational Force and Observers, Sinai, Egypt

    PubMed Central

    Riddle, Mark S.; Rockabrand, David M.; Schlett, Carey; Monteville, Marshall R.; Frenck, Robert W.; Romine, Marcy; Ahmed, Salwa F.; Sanders, John W.

    2011-01-01

    To better understand the epidemiology of diarrhea in deployed personnel to the Middle East, a prospective cohort study of travelers' diarrhea (TD) was conducted between May 2004 and January 2005 at the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) camp in the southern Sinai. A baseline entry questionnaire and stool specimen was provided on study entry, and volunteers were followed every 6 weeks. Of 211 volunteers, 145 (68.7%) completed one or more follow-up visits. In total, 416 follow-up surveys were completed, which described an overall incidence of 25.2 episodes per 100 person months (95% confidence interval = 21.2–30.0). Additionally, stools were collected in 72 of 77 diarrhea-associated clinic visits, with bacterial pathogens most commonly isolated (enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in 30 [42%] samples and Campylobacter jejuni in 7 [10%] samples) Despite modern preventive methods, diarrhea is still a common problem for deployed US military personnel in Egypt, frequently resulting in diminished ability to work. PMID:21212203

  9. Improved resiliency and well-being among military personnel in a Swedish Naval Force after a counter-piracy operation off the coast of Somalia.

    PubMed

    Bäccman, Charlotte; Hjärthag, Fredrik; Almqvist, Kjerstin

    2016-08-01

    The aim of this study was to explore: (1) how the psychological health of the members of the first European Union Naval Force (ME01) was affected by international deployment off the coast of Somalia; and (2) if and how organizational and personal factors (e.g., type of personnel category, previous experiences, and resilience) affected their psychological health and well-being post-deployment. The study had an exploratory longitudinal design, where the participants were assessed both before and after deployment (i.e., T1 and T2). The participants (n = 129, 120 men, 9 women) were equally distributed between officers (n = 68; 64 men, 4 women) and sailors (n = 61; 56 men, 5 women). The members' average age was 31 years, ranging from 20 to 61. For the majority (78%) ME01 was their first international deployment and officers were, in general, more experienced than sailors. The overall results showed that the members' reported a positive experience with improved resilience and well-being (e.g., sense of coherence). However, the result also showed that type of personnel category (i.e., officer or sailor) affected their psychological health. Why and how these differences among military personnel arise is discussed, but deserves further attention.

  10. Labor Force

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The labor force is the number of people aged 16 or older who are either working or looking for work. It does not include active-duty military personnel or institutionalized people, such as prison inmates. Quantifying this total supply of labor is a way of determining how big the economy can get. Labor force participation rates vary significantly…

  11. Tragic Pages: How the GDR, FRG and Japan Processed Their War History--Lessons for Education for Peace. Peace Education Miniprints No. 39.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aspeslagh, Robert

    This document describes the ways in which Japan and the German nations have taught the history of World War II. According to the document, the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) took a pro-communist and anti-fascist approach to the subject. At the same time, the Western Allies pressured the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) to institute a…

  12. Occupations: Military--Civilian Occupational Source Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armed Forces Vocational Testing Group, Universal City, TX.

    Information on enlisted military occupations is offered in the source book to arrive at a comprehensive statement of job tasks in the military service and their similarities to jobs in civilian life. Basic information about five areas of the U.S. military services (Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard) focuses on their military…

  13. Single-Leg Balance Impairments Persist in Fully Operational Military Special Forces Operators With a Previous History of Low Back Pain

    PubMed Central

    Sell, Timothy C.; Clark, Nicholas C.; Wood, Dallas; Abt, John P.; Lovalekar, Mita; Lephart, Scott M.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Single-leg balance (SLB) can be chronically impaired after low back pain (LBP). Impaired SLB is a risk factor for recurrent LBP and lower extremity injury. In the United States military, the special forces operator (SFO) deploys on high-risk missions under extreme conditions, and impaired SLB can potentially threaten SFO safety and mission success. Purpose: To compare SLB in fully operational SFOs with and without a history of LBP. The hypothesis was that SLB deficits would be present in SFOs with a history of LBP. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A total of 226 SFOs were included in this analysis. Comparisons were made between SFOs with and without medical chart documented history of LBP (LBP group [n = 43]: mean age = 31.2 ± 10.3 years, mean height = 177.3 ± 7.2 cm, mean mass = 87.3 ± 11.8 kg; healthy group [n = 183]: mean age = 28.0 ± 6.0 years, mean height = 177.9 ± 6.0 cm, mean mass = 84.9 ± 8.8 kg). Bilateral SLB was tested (eyes open and eyes closed) in both groups using a force plate. The variability in the ground-reaction forces was averaged across 3 trials for each leg for both conditions. Comparisons were made between legs in the LBP and between the LBP and healthy group (α = .05). Results: There were significant between-group differences for each leg for both conditions, with the healthy group demonstrating better SLB compared with the LBP group. P values ranged from .01 to .03. Conclusion: Impaired SLB persists in SFOs with previously reported LBP. Balance assessments of individuals who report LBP may assist with designing targeted interventions to address potential deficits that may increase the risk of future injury. Clinical Relevance: SFOs with a known history of LBP would benefit from examination of SLB and may benefit from balance training to resolve any deficits that may be present to lower the potential risk for future injury. PMID:26535329

  14. Military Government

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1949-07-01

    CGSC MG MILITARY GOVERNMENT LIBHARY ARI\\’IY WAR COLLEGE CJ\\RLISLE BARRACKS, PAa This text is approved for resident and extension-course...and functions · of ’ military government . It conforms ·substantially to the subject matter , of Field Manual 27-5, Civil Affairs/ Military Government ...Teaching experience at the Command and General Staff College has ···--·demonstrated the need for a military government text which brings to- gether

  15. 75 FR 26055 - Military Spouse Appreciation Day, 2010

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-11

    ... Armed Forces, servicemembers' spouses keep our military families on track. They balance family life, military life, and their careers-- all while supporting other military families and giving back to their...#0;#0; #0; #0;Title 3-- #0;The President ] Proclamation 8515 of May 6, 2010 Military...

  16. Joint Doctrine for Civil-Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-02-08

    significant patient population differences, (e.g., normal military population , pediatric , and relative health status of the local population and environmental...authorities, and the general population , resources, and institutions in friendly, neutral, or hostile areas where their forces are employed in order to...reduce friction between the civilian population and the military force. The objective is to minimize interference with military operations by the

  17. Military Training: Potential Roles for Vocational Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruff, Richard R.; And Others

    This paper examines potential roles vocational education could play to assist the military in meeting its training responsibilities within the context of three major military and training issues: survival of the All Volunteer Force, use of the Total Force Management concept, and demands of high technology. Discussion is divided into three…

  18. Chinese Military Reforms: A Pessimistic Take

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-10-01

    sion (CMC) while a separate PLAA head- quarters has been created, comparable to the headquarters of the PLA Navy, Air Force, and Rocket Force...the commanders of the military region air forces (MRAFs) and, if applicable, PLA Navy fleets who were based in a military region were deputy...headquarters of the PLA Air Force and Navy. Now each theater command has established a joint command post and, presumably, at least in a small-scale

  19. Update: Routine screening for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus, civilian applicants for U.S. military service and U.S. Armed Forces, active and reserve components, January 2011-June 2016.

    PubMed

    2016-09-01

    This report contains an update through June 2016 of the results of routine screening for antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among civilian applicants for military service and among members of the active and reserve components of the U.S. Armed Forces. During the surveillance period, annual seroprevalences among civilian applicants for military service peaked in 2015 (0.31 per 1,000 tested), up 29% from 2014 (0.24 per 1,000 tested). Seroprevalences among Marine Corps reservists, Navy active component service members, and Navy reservists also peaked in 2015. In the Army National Guard and the reserve component of the Marine Corps, full-year seroprevalences have trended upward since 2011. Overall (January 2011-June 2016) seroprevalences were highest for Army reservists, Army National Guard members, Navy active component members, and Navy reservists. Among active and reserve component service members, seroprevalences continue to be higher among Army and Navy members and males than their respective counterparts.

  20. Update: routine screening for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus, civilian applicants for U.S. military service and U.S. Armed Forces, active and reserve components, January 2008-June 2013.

    PubMed

    2013-08-01

    This report contains an update through June 2013 on the results of screening for HIV infection among civilian applicants for military service and among members of the active and reserve components of the Armed Forces. Among civilian applicants, annual rates of prevalence of HIV infection showed a continuing downward trend. Rates among black, non-Hispanic applicants were higher than other racial/ethnic groups but have declined sharply since 2008. Among service members, annual rates have varied by service and component, with higher rates in the Army and Navy and lower rates in the Marine Corps and Air Force. Members of the Army and Air Force Reserves have had consistently higher rates than members of their respective active components. For both civilian applicants and service members, rates among men are notably higher than among women. The possible roles of unprotected sex and pre-deployment behaviors and the associated challenges to prevention of HIV infection are discussed.

  1. Military Forces in Urban Antiterrorism

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-10-01

    in the elections of 1968, but Jorge Areco Pacheco was elected and assumed the presidency in 1968. After his election, he closed two radical newspapers...refer to the Tupamaros by name. Inrstead they were referred to as "criminals" or simply "the nameless ones." After Jorge Areco Pacheco assumed the...Political Change and Social Change in Lebanon (Alexandria, VA: Abbott Associates, 1983). 28 See Laurent and Easbous, Guerres; Wadi D. Haddad , Lebanon

  2. Evaluation of low-residue soldering for military and commercial applications: A report from the Low-Residue Soldering Task Force

    SciTech Connect

    Iman, R.L.; Anderson, D.J.; Burress, R.V.

    1995-06-01

    The LRSTF combined the efforts of industry, military, and government to evaluate low-residue soldering processes for military and commercial applications. These processes were selected for evaluation because they provide a means for the military to support the presidential mandate while producing reliable hardware at a lower cost. This report presents the complete details and results of a testing program conducted by the LRSTF to evaluate low-residue soldering for printed wiring assemblies. A previous informal document provided details of the test plan used in this evaluation. Many of the details of that test plan are contained in this report. The test data are too massive to include in this report, however, these data are available on disk as Excel spreadsheets upon request. The main purpose of low-residue soldering is to eliminate waste streams during the manufacturing process.

  3. Military Civic Action in Colombia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-08-01

    llanos region to counter the growing Liberal forces. Also during this period the government formed and trained the police Battalion " Vargas " specifically...Guzmin Campos , Orlando Fals Borda, and Eduardo Umaia Luna, La violencia en Colombia: Estudio de un proceso social, 2d ed. (BogotA: Ediciones Tercer Mundo...military aid and training beginning in the late nineteenth century. Colombia received its first United States military advisor, Lieutenant Henry H

  4. Cost as a Military Requirement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    advances in military weaponry, Lanchester’s basic observation—that quantity is essential to military success—remains true today. Yet weapons system...quantity changes, and schedule extensions . And, although these challenges have been studied and understood for decades, government initiatives have not...proportional to the square of the number of its units. In theory , then, a force of 15 pieces of artillery will have a nine-fold advantage (in terms

  5. Military Review: Airland Battle Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-02-01

    the forward support Certainl: we like our current organizations battalions and will also support uncommitted and our ways of doing business today...became. As a president envisages in describing the Desert result, decades of major Soviet military invest - Shield theater campaign at the strategic...doctrine must word political, military and economic elicit both the confidence of these forces and power, alies are even more important for that of the

  6. Military Robotics and Collateral Damage

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-06-01

    Applications and Operations Military Robotics and Collateral Damage Robert Douglass (Primary POC) SET Associates 3811 N. Fairfax...2004 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Military Robotics and Collateral Damage 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S...Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 Abstract We explore a concept of a combined force of air and ground combat robots

  7. Continued growth for military PAs.

    PubMed

    Salyer, Steven W

    2002-10-01

    The US military physician assistant (PA) originated from the corpsmen and medics of the army, navy, air force, and Coast Guard. PAs have been present in every military campaign since 1980 and serve in a wide variety of medical roles. Their combat role has expanded so that in many instances the PA has replaced the physician as the front-line care provider. All have moved from warrant officer into the commissioned officer ranks, a change that has enabled them to rise into command and administrative positions. Narrowing of the pay differential between military and civilian PAs has contributed to their retention.

  8. Defense Science Board 1996 Summer Study Task Force On Tactics and Technology for 21st Century Military Superiority. Volume 2, Part 1. Supporting Materials

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-10-01

    for Mobile 1-53 Forces" Reza Eftekari, MITRE Corporation 1.5. "Theater Tactical Communications" 1-69 Charles W. Niessen, MIT Lincoln Laboratory II...distributed force is the initial JTF 3 GEITING EFFECTIVE FORCES TO THEATER ENHANCE STRATEGIC MOBILITY OF ROBUST FORCES EFFECTIVENESS ENHANCE EFFECTIVENESS...tactical means of mobility . The following scenario provides a framework for illustrating how a Leading Edge Strike Force (LESTFOR) could be

  9. Military Contingency Operations: The Lessons of Political-Military Coordination

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-06-06

    of political-rntlitary coordination* case I studies of contingency force interventions, and comparative analysis of the interventions, fact~ors...srvey of the lIt erature of political-military coordination, case studies of contingency force Interventions, and comparative analysis of’ the...intervontions, factors fundamental to successful contln- gency operations are developed. The study finds that many contingency force opera- tions have

  10. USSR Report, Military Affairs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-04-24

    Contents: TEKHNIKA I VOORUZHENIYE No 1, 1985 (TEKHNIKA I VOORUZHENIYE, No 1, Jan 85) 18 AIR / AIR DEFENSE FORCES Party Work, Improving Technical...One night an enemy aircraft flew over us and dropped its supply of bombs which, I think, our air defense troops and fighters did not allow it to...Eastern, Carpathian, Kiev and Turkestan military districts, the Baltic Fleet, the Moscow Air Defense District, and the organizations led by comrades

  11. USSR Report, Military Affairs.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    notorious questionnaire method, haste and thoughtlessness lead to sad results. For example, in one unit in the Northern Group of Forces a person...the Komsomol member and how they worried that he was military, cocky and sharp-tongued! And his shoulders were squared and his craving to dare, to...examples in this work and make a contribution to the implementation of the nation’s Food Pro- gram. This year too, working in the kolkhoz and sovkhoz

  12. Research on 6R Military Logistics Network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jie, Wan; Wen, Wang

    The building of military logistics network is an important issue for the construction of new forces. This paper has thrown out a concept model of 6R military logistics network model based on JIT. Then we conceive of axis spoke y logistics centers network, flexible 6R organizational network, lean 6R military information network based grid. And then the strategy and proposal for the construction of the three sub networks of 6Rmilitary logistics network are given.

  13. SERVARE VITAS- Political Consequences for Romanian National Government and Military of Hostage Deaths in a Romanian Special Operations Forces Hostage Rescue Operation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-01

    plan (U.S. Joint Pub 3.07,1998, p. VI-2). This study will focus on the requirements that present a great risk to hostages in a hostage-taking...identified by Major General Shlomo Gazit, now retired, who, as Israel’s director of military intelligence, participated in the planning of the 1976... planning of the rescue operation, including detailed approval of all contingency plans . If there are other solutions or efforts that can free the

  14. The Role of the Federal Government in the Civilian Conversion of Military Installations: A Case Study of Gentile Air Force Station

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-09-01

    been unable to coordinate a plan for eliminating them ( Malamed , 1988:84). Base closures are difficult for politicians because the closures disrupt local...objection of local communities ( Malamed , 1988:84). Military bases contribute to local economies in terms of "procurement of supplies and services of the... Malamed , 1988:84). In a 1976 thesis, Robert Parsons concluded that local communities protest the closure of nearby bases because they overestimate the

  15. The Role and Mission of the Military in a Post-Colonial Developing Nation: A Study of the Malaysian Armed Forces, 1970-1983.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    14 6 j. Saravanamuttu, op. cit., p. 125. 74 relations with China during his visit with Chairman Mao Tse-tung and Premier Chou En-lai. The visit was...Enloe, Cynthia H., eds. Ethnicity and the Military in Asia. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Books, 1981. Enloe, Cynthia H. "Civilian Control of the...SUNY-Buffalo, 18-19 October 1974. Enloe, Cynthia H. Ethnic Soldiers: State Security in Divided Societies. Harmondsworth, England: Penguin Books Ltd

  16. Gender Integration of Women into U.S. Army Special Forces Operational Detachments Alpha as an 18 Series Military Occupational Specialty

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    ground combat roles was the easiest of all the essential tasks required for subsequent and full gender integration. The main purpose and scope of this...other nation states’ military experiences with women in combat roles and their experiences with gender integration will conclude this review. Women of...since 2002 regarding the effectiveness of mixed gender teams in combat environments? 2. Is your nation employing women in combat roles /environments? 3

  17. Military Exposures

    MedlinePlus

    ... Military Sexual Trauma Radiation Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Weapons Cold Injury Hearing Impairment Visual Impairment Former Prisoners ... Categories Chemicals (Agent Orange, contaminated water…) Radiation (nuclear weapons, X-rays…) Air Pollutants (burn pit smoke, dust…) ...

  18. Can Academic Freedom Work in Military Academies?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niday, Jackson A., II; Harrington, Kathleen

    2007-01-01

    This article addresses the thorny question of military discipline vs. academic freedom, demonstrating that the military academy is the perfect proving ground if you want to test the value of academic freedom. The authors, who are also Air Force officers, embarked on a two-year quest to determine what place academic freedom has at a military…

  19. Military Base Closures: Implementing the 2005 Round

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-05-09

    private partnerships ; and (3) consider exchanging military land with private developers in return for building new base facilities. In another example, a...Force Base. Other grants have been awarded to (1) establish links between military bases and state universities; (2) utilize the potential for public

  20. The Demographics of Military Children and Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clever, Molly; Segal, David R.

    2013-01-01

    Since the advent of the all-volunteer force in the 1970s, marriage, parenthood, and family life have become commonplace in the U.S. military among enlisted personnel and officers alike, and military spouses and children now outnumber service members by a ratio of 1.4 to 1. Reviewing data from the government and from academic and nonacademic…

  1. American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-26

    16 Table 14. Operation Iraqi Freedom: Military Deaths , March 19, 2003, Through...Freedom: Military Deaths , March 19, 2003, Through February 6, 2010 Casualty Type Totals Army Navya Marines Air Force Hostile 3,469 2,524 65 851 29...2 Table 2. Worldwide U.S. Active Duty Military Deaths

  2. The Racial History of the U.S. Military Academies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Susan D.

    1999-01-01

    Presents the history of the entry of African American students and faculty into the nation's prestigious military institutions: the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, and the U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs. Notes that the military's effort to diversify its troops and officer corps is a recent…

  3. Intergenerational Occupational Inheritance in the Military: A Reexamination.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowen, Gary Lee

    1986-01-01

    Based on stratified probability sample of Air Force married enlisted personnel and officers, examines relationship between military service patterns of fathers and career intentions of their sons who enlist in military service. Provides no support for intergenerational linkage between military service patterns of fathers and career intentions and…

  4. 32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Civil-military cooperative programs. 634.42...-military cooperative programs. (a) State-Armed Forces Traffic Workshop Program. This program is an organized effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities throughout a State or...

  5. 32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Civil-military cooperative programs. 634.42...-military cooperative programs. (a) State-Armed Forces Traffic Workshop Program. This program is an organized effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities throughout a State or...

  6. 32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Civil-military cooperative programs. 634.42...-military cooperative programs. (a) State-Armed Forces Traffic Workshop Program. This program is an organized effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities throughout a State or...

  7. Suicide prevention in military organizations.

    PubMed

    Zamorski, Mark A

    2011-04-01

    Suicide is an important public health problem in the demographic group that forms the bulk of military populations, namely young and middle-aged men. Suicide in the military also has special significance: certain aspects of military service can lead to serious mental disorders that increase the risk of suicidal behaviour. Moreover, military organizations have control over a broad range of factors (notably the direct delivery of mental health care) that could mitigate suicide risk. This article will review the literature on suicide risk in military organizations to answer the important question: Are military personnel at increased risk for suicide? Next, Mann et al.'s (2005) model for specific suicide preventive interventions in civilian settings will be reviewed and then expanded, with an emphasis on identifying special opportunities for suicide prevention in military organizations, including: 1) organizational interventions to mitigate work stress; 2) selection, resilience training, and risk factor reduction; 3) interventions to overcome barriers to care; and 4) systematic quality improvement efforts in mental health care. Finally, the evidence behind comprehensive suicide prevention programmes will be reviewed, with a special focus on the US Air Force's benchmark programme.

  8. Update: routine screening for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus, civilian applicants for U.S. military service and U.S. Armed Forces, active and reserve components, January 2010-June 2015.

    PubMed

    2015-08-01

    This report contains an update through June 2015 of the results of routine screening for antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among civilian applicants for military service and among members of the active and reserve components of the U.S. Armed Forces. Seroprevalences among civilian applicants in 2014 and the first half of 2015 (0.21 and 0.22 per 1,000 tested, respectively) were markedly lower than in 2012 (0.28 per 1,000 tested). In nearly every component of every military service, seroprevalences in 2014 and 2015 were either lower than, or relatively similar to, prevalences in prior years; however, in the Army National Guard, seroprevalences increased each year and approximately doubled from 2010 (0.18 per 1,000 tested) to 2014-2015 (0.36-0.39 per 1,000 tested). Among active and reserve component service members, seroprevalences continue to be higher among Army and Navy members and males than their respective counterparts.

  9. Military women as wives and mothers.

    PubMed

    Wahl, C K; Rundall, V F

    1996-01-01

    The increasing number of women in the military, especially married women and mothers, is forcing the military to accommodate populations it did not have to deal with in the past. The military community has responded by initiating programs that address the needs of active duty wives and mothers, especially with regard to family support, health care, and available child care facilities. However, many policy questions pertaining to military women remain, including nondeployment of breastfeeding women or mothers of small infants, treating the family as the unit of analysis and not just the service member, and providing programs such as WIC and Head Start to its members overseas.

  10. The Glass Ceiling Effect and Its Impact on Mid-Level Female Military Officer Career Progression in the United States Marine Corps and Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-03-01

    society . The Defense Department assured the committee that there would be no attempt to remove restrictions on the kind of military duties women ...lower than the men. Nevertheless more women are entering the Air 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Pe rc en t Ac ad em y RO TC Di rec t A pp t OC S / OT S Ot he...Stay. Womens ’ Enews. Retrieved from http://www.womensenews.org Rostker, B., Thie, H., Lacy, J. L., Kawata, J. H., & Purnell, S . W.(1993). The

  11. [The current state and development prospectives of military nephrology].

    PubMed

    Nagibovich, O A; Golota, A S; Krassiĭ, A B

    2014-05-01

    This article is dedicated to the current state and prospectives of military nephrology. Using as examples the nephrology services of the armed forces of Serbia, France, Great Britain and USA it is shown that this branch of military healthcare plays an important role abroad. The brief review of military nephrology formation and development history demonstrates the growing significance of military nephrology in the general system of medical care at the battlefield.

  12. Training military surgeons: a challenge for the future.

    PubMed

    MacFarlane, Campbell; Ryan, James

    2002-03-01

    The last 10 years has seen a reduction in defense spending and a contraction in military force size in all NATO countries. This has had a direct effect on military medical capability. In some allied countries, this reduction has extended to the virtual disappearance of independent military hospitals. Military surgeons are now few in number, and fewer still have had recent operational experience. This article addresses the problem and offers some solutions.

  13. Building (Family) Muscle: How Prolonged Conflicts Can Strengthen Military Families

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-12

    military spouse characteristics like independence, self - esteem , and empowerment. A service wide initiative encouraging children to participate in...society and subsequently the military forced the services to modify both its attitude toward military families and its policies. The effects of...challenges of military life; become self -reliant and confident; and lead fulfilling, satisfying family lives.5 How is it possible that the VUCA

  14. Military Career Guide: Employment and Training Opportunities in the Military.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Military Entrance Processing Command (DOD), North Chicago, IL.

    This copiously illustrated guide is a single reference source for the diverse employment and training opportunities in the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. It is divided into two major sections. The first section contains descriptions of 134 enlisted military occupations and provides information regarding the aptitudes needed…

  15. [The Appointment of Paediatric Professorships in the Soviet Occupation Zone and the early GDR. The Impact of the Political System Change after 1945].

    PubMed

    Hinz-Wessels, Annette

    2016-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of the political system change after 1945 on the appointment of paediatric professorships in the Soviet Occupation Zone and the GDR up until the time the Wall was built in 1961. It can be demonstrated that the political purge in the post-war period had only minor impact on the appointment of professorships and the National Socialist past no longer mattered after the conclusion of denazification. In 1957, the proportion of former NSDAP members among East German university professors of paediatrics was 100 per cent. When it came to new appointments, both members of the "bourgeois" academic non-professorial teaching staff from the GDR as well as paediatricians from West Germany, who had largely gained their scientifically qualifications under National Socialism, were in the running. A politically-controlled elite exchange did not take place until the construction of the Wall. State and party organs generally followed the personnel proposals of the universities since an insufficient number of qualified candidates was available for the systematic appointment of ,,progressive" paediatricians. Given the lack of staff, the SED personnel policy was aimed at the integration of previous elites, as long as they behaved loyally towards the new state. Since the East German faculties continued to make the questioning of the professionally competent professors in West Germany and East Germany the basis for their appointment lists, West German university paediatricians were able to exert considerable influence on the appointment of East German paediatric professorship until 1960s.

  16. The Unequal Professional Dialogue: American Civil-Military Relations and the Professional Military Ethic

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-11-01

    soldiers have succumbed to the courtier mentality rather than that true harmony exists." 6 The "Normal" Theory of Civil-Military Relations...34 Joint Forces Quarterly (Summer 2002), 51. 5 Cohen contrasts his theory of civil-military relations with what he terms the "normal theory " of civil...military relations. This theory assumes a rather clear cut division of labor and authority between general and statesmen. The statesman decides on

  17. Military Aircraft: Policies on Government Officials’ Use of 89th Military Airlift Wing Aircraft

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-04-01

    Dear Mr. Horton: This report responds to your request that we review the policies governing the use of military aircraft from the Air Force’s 89th... military aircraft by government officials is addressed in a variety of official policy documents, including Office of Management and Budget Circular A-126...specific aircraft management issues at individual agencies, and specific questions concerning the use of both government and military aircraft in certain

  18. Literacy Instruction in the Military.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duffy, Thomas M.

    Despite the fact that military careers require much higher levels of literacy than do comparable civilian careers, the range of literacy levels of enlistees is roughly representative of the abilities found amoung high school graduates. In response to the need to raise the literacy levels of their personnel, the Armed Forces have paid increasing…

  19. New business with the new military.

    PubMed

    Apgar, Mahlon; Keane, John M

    2004-09-01

    A $200 billion market has appeared on your business horizon, but you may not have noticed it. It's the U.S. military--the new U.S. military. Virtually all aspects of the military are changing to ensure it can fight unpredictable threats while sustaining the infrastructure needed to support and train forces. The military is turning to non-traditional business partners to meet a wide range of needs, from health care to housing to information technology. The Defense Department is yielding its monopoly on every aspect of national security and adopting a more businesslike model in which the military's warfighting capabilities are supported through outsourcing and business alliances. Civilians are replacing military personnel in many noncombat roles. Military functions with corporate equivalents are candidates for outsourcing and privatization. Market standards are replacing the heavy customization that has locked many companies out of this marketplace. The authors have participated in the transformation process from different perspectives--one civilian, the other military. Together, they highlight the prospects that transformation is creating for companies outside the traditional defense industry and reveal paths to success in this complex market. They also present six principles for doing business with the military that require persistence, integrity, and a willingness to master the intricacies of a distinctive culture. By understanding the logic of military transformation, executives can identify and create vast new business opportunities. And by mastering the six principles, they can build profitable long-term relationships.

  20. 32 CFR 809a.2 - Military responsibility and authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military responsibility and authority. 809a.2 Section 809a.2 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE... Entry Policy § 809a.2 Military responsibility and authority. (a) Air Force installation commanders...

  1. 32 CFR 809a.2 - Military responsibility and authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Military responsibility and authority. 809a.2 Section 809a.2 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE... Entry Policy § 809a.2 Military responsibility and authority. (a) Air Force installation commanders...

  2. 32 CFR 809a.2 - Military responsibility and authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Military responsibility and authority. 809a.2 Section 809a.2 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE... Entry Policy § 809a.2 Military responsibility and authority. (a) Air Force installation commanders...

  3. Current Canadian Forces Education and Training for Moral and Ethical Decision Making in Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    College Saint- Jean (RMCSJ), Canadian Forces College (CFC), Canadian Forces Military Law Centre (CFMLC), Canadian Forces Chaplain School and Centre (CFCSC...2.1.2 Royal Military College Saint- Jean (RMCSJ)............................................................................. 11 2.1.3 Canadian Forces...College RMCSJ Royal Military College Saint- Jean ROEs Rules of Engagement SA Scientific Authority SAP Senior Appointment Programme SGBV Sexual

  4. Pending crisis in Russian civil military relations

    SciTech Connect

    Ball, D.Y.

    1997-10-01

    A key issue in the study of civil-military relations has been how to create a military sufficiently strong to ensure security from external threats while simultaneously preventing the military from using its preponderance of power in the domestic arena. This dilemma arises from the fear engendered by a large armed force created to combat foreign threats, but which is also inherently a threat to the society that created it. In Russia, however, the question is not how the civilian leadership can keep the military out of politics, but how the military can keep the leadership from politicizing the armed forces. The Russian military has no interest in resolving Russia`s domestic political problems. It is a professional military that prefers to leave politics to the politicians, and to carry out its mission of defending the nation against external attack. But the lack of responsible central leadership and the poor state of the economy are driving the military toward involvement in domestic politics if for no other reason than to ensure its own survival.

  5. JPRS Report, Central Eurasia: Military Affairs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-31

    NEZAVISIMAYA GAZETA 29 Feb] 16 Fate of Strategic Forces, Weapons Viewed [NARODNAYA ARMIYA 14 Feb] 16 CIS: AIR, AIR DEFENSE FORCES Lt Gen Pavlov on...assistance in the resolution of many social problems. CIS: AIR, AIR DEFENSE FORCES Lt Gen Pavlov on Performance, Specifications of ’Hokum’ Helicopter...by Lieutenant General of Aviation V. Pavlov , commander of Ground Forces Army Aviation, HSU, Honored Military Pilot of the USSR: "Helicopter

  6. The demographics of military children and families.

    PubMed

    Clever, Molly; Segal, David R

    2013-01-01

    Since the advent of the all-volunteer force in the 1970s, marriage, parenthood, and family life have become commonplace in the U.S. military among enlisted personnel and officers alike, and military spouses and children now outnumber service members by a ratio of 1.4 to 1. Reviewing data from the government and from academic and nonacademic research, Molly Clever and David R. Segal find several trends that distinguish today's military families. Compared with civilians, for example, service members marry younger and start families earlier. Because of the requirements of their jobs, they move much more frequently than civilians do, and they are often separated from their families for months at a time. And despite steady increases since the 1970s in the percentage of women who serve, the armed forces are still overwhelmingly male, meaning that the majority of military parents are fathers. Despite these distinguishing trends, Clever and Segal's chief finding is that military families cannot be neatly pigeonholed. Instead, they are a strikingly diverse population with diverse needs. Within the military, demographic groups differ in important ways, and the service branches differ from one another as well. Military families themselves come in many forms, including not only the categories familiar from civilian life--two-parent, single-parent, and so on--but also, unique to the military, dual-service families in which both parents are service members. Moreover, military families' needs change over time as they move through personal and military transitions. Thus the best policies and programs to help military families and children are flexible and adaptable rather than rigidly structured.

  7. National Military Family Association

    MedlinePlus

    ... have good news and bad news for military families. MORE Military Families Brace for What’s Next In Syria President Trump ordered an airstrike in Syria leaving military families wondering what's next. More April is the Month ...

  8. Is Military Science Scientific?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    84 Commentary / Is Military Science “Scientific”? JFQ 75, 4th Quarter 2014 Is Military Science “Scientific”? By Glenn Voelz T he term military ...definition. This vague categorization is somewhat reflective of the term’s diminished status from its 19th-century usage when Military Science was... military theory. A second factor, rapid industrialization, firmly established science and technology as the central pillars of American military power and

  9. Rethinking Posse Comitatus: The Use of Military Force in Combating Urban Crime Using British Royal Marines in Northern Ireland as a Model

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-01-01

    quelling prison riots, to include Marine volunteers putting down a riot on Alcatraz Island in 1946.31 The most significant period of involvement with civil...that he or she is not armed. You may not use deadly force to prevent the escape of the prisoner unless, in the course of the escape attempt, the... escape and evasion tactics and driving of various types of vehicles, to include armored and unmarked vehicles. Medical training is extensive due to the

  10. DEFENSE MANAGEMENT. Industry Practices Can Help Military Exchanges Better Assure That Their Goods Are Not Made by Child or Forced Labor

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-01-01

    eliminating sweatshops in the United States. However, we reported on the "widespread existence" of sweatshops within the United States in the 1980s and 1990s.6...Monte, California, and found sweatshop working conditions-workers were confined behind razor wire fences and forced to work 20 hours a day for 70 cents...association, the El Monte raid provoked a public outcry and galvanized the U.S. government’s efforts against sweatshops . Concern in the United States about

  11. Department of the Air Force FY 1994 Budget Estimates, Military Construction and Family Housing. Volume 1. Justification Data Submitted to Congress April 1993

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-01-01

    VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE, CALIFORNIA 4. PROJECT TITLE 5. PROJECT NUMBER SLFI - TPO -18 RADAR FACILITY XUKU885002 savings of $8,000/yr. The temporary...Upon completion of this project the IWTP would be retained as a pretreatment facility and the STP will be closed. IMPACT IF NOT PROVIDED: The base...trickling filter components, pumps, meters, a pump station and ancillary items. Upgrade laboratories and provide pretreatment facilities at steam plants

  12. A Bumpy Road and a Bridge too Far? An Analysis of the Realistic Bridging and Horizontal Construction Capabilities of the Canadian Military Engineers in the Force 2013 Structure

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-17

    capabilities generated specifically for combat in the Afghanistan theatre of operations. This marks a period of transition from the Army of Today to...Government of Canada, 1999), 1-4. Mobility defined as the ability of air, land and sea forces to move and to conduct operations throughout the theatre at... theatre specific capability development when responding to urgent combat requirements in Afghanistan. Throughout operations in Afghanistan, elements of

  13. The Mix of Military and Civilian Faculty at the United States Air Force Academy: Finding a Sustainable Balance for Enduring Success

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. This electronic document was made available from www.rand.org as...Balance for Enduring Success PROJECT AIR FORCE The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through...team members to work together.” An example for organizational leadership development is “learning how to motivate all members of an organiza- tion

  14. Lower limb stress fractures in military training.

    PubMed

    Wood, A M; Porter, A

    2015-01-01

    This article describes stress fractures that are seen in military training, and reviews the relevant literature. The information is vital for medical personnel who work with the United Kingdom (UK) Armed Forces, particularly those working in training establishments. The author suggests areas for further research and discusses some of the issues in current UK Armed Forces training.

  15. Assessing Public Opinion Toward the Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-05-01

    aimed at a military audience, it has potential for providing the public information about the Air Force. This is just one of the many creative ... activities which could be used to educate, to pass on to the public correct information about the nature and business of the Air Force. 46 In

  16. Education vs. Training: A Military Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kime, Steve F.; Anderson, Clinton L.

    Civilian educators have long argued that the U.S. armed forces must be maintained as a reflection of society and that civilian education institutions must share responsibility in educating servicemembers. Political changes and technological advances have made education a strategic issue in structuring military forces for the third millennium. In…

  17. U.S. Military Forces and Police Assistance in Stability Operations: The Least-Worst Option to Fill the U.S. Capacity Gap

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-08-01

    force. David Bayley in his study, “Democratizing the Po- lice Abroad: What to Do and How to Do It,” after surveying the relevant literature...Ibid., p. 3-6. 5. Ibid., p. 3-7. 6. Ibid., p. 3-7. 7. Ibid., pp. 6-17 - 6-18. 8. Robert Tabor , War of the Flea: The Classic Study of Guerrilla Warfare...Sector Reform, Governance, and Economics, jointly sponsored by AUSA, CNA, and PKSOI, Washington, DC, April 6, 2009. 29. David H. Bayley, “U.S. Aid

  18. State Defense Forces: Forces for NORTHCOM and Homeland Security?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-26

    Listing of State Defense Forces: 1. Alabama State Defense Force (ALSDF). http://www.alsdf.org 2. Alaska State Defense Force ( ASDF ) http://www.ak...prepared.com/ asdf 3. California State Military Reserve (CASMR) http://www.militarymuseum.org/CASMR.html 4. Connecticut State Militia http://ctarng

  19. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military Affairs.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    3 National Security in the Nuclear Age [V. Serebryannikov; KOMMUNIST VOORUZHENNYKH SIL No 9, May 88] 5 MILITARY SCIENCE Military Aspect of...words. This is the main order issued by the party conference. 07045 National Security in the Nuclear Age 18010259 Moscow KOMMUNIST VOORUZHENNYKH SIL...Nuclear Age "] [Text] Ensuring national security has always been con- sidered the holy of holies of every state. The armed forces and weapons

  20. Women in the Military: A Selected Bibliography

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-08-01

    For older materials, please see Women in the Military: A Selected Bibliography, compiled by Jacqueline S . Bey, January 2005. All items are available...Bey, Jacqueline S ., comp. Women in the Military: A Selected Bibliography. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College Library, January 2005. 28pp. (U413...no. 1/2 (2006): 24-38. ProQuest Iskra, Darlene M. "Attitudes toward Expanding Roles for Navy Women at Sea." Armed Forces & Society 33 (January 2007

  1. The United States Military and Humanitarian Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-01-01

    stated that, "The wave of the future will be putting together task forces that will be able to respond to crisis management or humanitarian...equipped for combat. "The skills needed to feed hungry people in Africa or build tent cities for hurricane victims are different from the skills needed...examine three options for the military’s role in humanitaria operations at home and abroad. Option 1: Virtually Eliminate Anv Military Role This is the

  2. Predicting Dishonorable Discharge Among Military Recruits

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining...the time of signing the contract. The results of the model show that the variables female, age, number of dependents, prior military service, AFQT...dependents, prior military service, Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) score, weight, height, and citizenship status at the time of signing the contract

  3. Small Scale Water Disinfection for Military Purposes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-01-01

    AD-A268 654 Small scale water disinfection for military purposes. Gary Thomson DSTO DoGC Materials Research Laboratory ELECTE P.O. Box 147 m...Scottsdale AUG 2 4 •9 3 1. SUMTasmania 7260 E When a military force is in the field, it is impossible to apply at all times the normal practices of water ...purification such as coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, filtration and chlorination used for a municipal water supply. For personnel who are

  4. Defense Downsizing and Blacks in the Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-06-01

    8217IIa NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL Monterey, California AD-A272 415 THESIS DEFENSE DOWNSIZING AND BLACKS IN THE MILITARY by Roy L. Nixon June 1993 Thesis...include security classification) DEFENSE DOWNSIZING AND BLACKS IN TIE MILITARY 12 Plersonal Author(s) Roy L. Nixon 1 3a Type of Report I13b Time Covered...end of the draft. However. the armed forces are now engaged in the process of downsizing , and there is some speculation that blacks may be

  5. Socioeconomic issues of United States military neurosurgery.

    PubMed

    Moquin, Ross R; Ecklund, James M

    2002-04-15

    Although the practice of neurosurgery in the United States (US) Armed Forces is in many ways similar to the civilian practice of neurosurgery, there are many differences as well. The unique challenges, duties, and opportunities US military neurosurgeons are given, both in peacetime and in times of conflict, are discussed, as are pathways for entering into service. The advantages of military service for neurosurgeons include sponsored training, decreased direct exposure to tort actions, little involvement with third-party payers, significant opportunities for travel, and military specific experiences. The most appealing aspect of military practice is serving fellow members of the US Armed Forces. Disadvantages include the extreme gap between the military and civilian pay scales, lack of support personnel, and in some areas low surgery-related case volume. The greatest concern faced by the military neurosurgical community is the failure to retain experienced neurosurgeons after their obligated service time has been completed, for which several possible solutions are described. It is hoped that future changes will make the practice of military neurosurgery attractive enough so that it will be seen as a career in itself and not an obligation to endure before starting practice in the "real world."

  6. Civil Military Cooperation for Counterterrorism Operations within the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    military, specifically Special Operations Forces, possesses a pool of talent in advanced counterterrorism operations that is not being utilized by...United States. The U.S. military, specifically Special Operations Forces, possesses a pool of talent in advanced counterterrorism operations that...examine and restructure the force allowing creativity to be applied to existing and older problems. The Army has created new and effective ideas when

  7. Military traumatic brain injury: a review.

    PubMed

    Chapman, Julie C; Diaz-Arrastia, Ramon

    2014-06-01

    Military mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) differs from civilian injury in important ways. Although mTBI sustained in both military and civilian settings are likely to be underreported, the combat theater presents additional obstacles to reporting and accessing care. The impact of blast forces on the nervous system may differ from nonblast mechanisms, mTBI although studies comparing the neurologic and cognitive sequelae in mTBI survivors have not provided such evidence. However, emotional distress appears to figure prominently in symptoms following military mTBI. This review evaluates the extant literature with an eye towards future research directions.

  8. Update: Routine screening for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus, civilian applicants for U.S. military service and U.S. Armed Forces, active and reserve components, January 2009-June 2014.

    PubMed

    2014-08-01

    This report contains an update through June 2014 of the results of routine screening for antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among civilian applicants for military service and among members of the active and reserve components of the U.S. Armed Forces. Seroprevalences among civilian applicants in 2013 and the first half of 2014 (0.19 and 0.15 per 1,000 tested, respectively) were markedly lower than in 2012 (0.27 per 1,000 tested). In nearly every component of every service, seroprevalences in 2013 and 2014 were either similar or lower than in prior years; however, in the Army National Guard, seroprevalences increased each year and approximately doubled from 2010 (0.18 per 1,000 tested) to 2013-2014 (0.35-0.41 per 1,000 tested). Among active and reserve component service members, seroprevalences continue to be higher among Army and Navy members and males than their respective counterparts.

  9. Updates: Routine screening for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1), civilian applicants for U.S. military service and U.S. Armed Forces, active and reserve components.

    PubMed

    2012-08-01

    During routine testing of civilian applicants for U.S. military service, the overall seroprevalence of antibodies to HIV-1 in 2011 was the second lowest of any year since 1990. Among members of the active components of the U.S. Army, HIV-1 seroprevalences were higher during 2008 to 2011 than in recent prior years. Among members of the active components of the U.S. Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps, the Marine Corps Reserve, and the Army National Guard, HIV-1 seroprevalences have slightly declined or remained relatively stable for at least ten years. In the reserve components of most service branches, it is difficult to discern long-term trends because of instability of seroprevalences in the relatively small numbers of reserve component members tested each year. Monitoring of HIV-1 seroprevalences can help target and focus prevention initiatives. The recent repeal of the Don't Ask Don't Tell policy has created opportunities for prevention messages targeted to men who have sex with men.

  10. Applying Culture to Military Operations: A Review of Foreign Militaries

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-04

    competency and therefore must be trained in basic media , communication , cultural and linguistic skills and specific in-country knowledge.” 26 But...ability to effectively communicate with and understand the cultures of coalition forces, international partners, and local populations.” 2 and the DoD...terms of beliefs, traditions, religions, and social norms. The challenge for militaries with defining culture is that the definition seems

  11. Comparative Analysis of the Use of Foreign Military Sales (FMS) and Direct Commercial Sales (DCS) in the Procurement of US Defense Articles by the Philippine Government for the Use of the Armed Forces of the Philippines

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-06-01

    1 B. BACKGROUND ..............................................................................................1 C ...15 C . SECURITY ASSISTANCE FOR COUNTERTERRORISM....................20 D. SUMMARY...24 c . Appropriations Acts ................................................................25 B. FOREIGN MILITARY

  12. Military vaccines in today's environment.

    PubMed

    Schmaljohn, Connie S; Smith, Leonard A; Friedlander, Arthur M

    2012-08-01

    The US military has a long and highly distinguished record of developing effective vaccines against pathogens that threaten the armed forces. Many of these vaccines have also been of significant benefit to civilian populations around the world. The current requirements for force protection include vaccines against endemic disease threats as well as against biological warfare or bioterrorism agents, to include novel or genetically engineered threats. The cost of vaccine development and the modern regulatory requirements for licensing vaccines have strained the ability of the program to maintain this broad mission. Without innovative vaccine technologies, streamlined regulatory strategies, and coordinating efforts for use in civilian populations where appropriate, the military vaccine development program is in jeopardy.

  13. Automobile or Other Conveyance and Adaptive Equipment Certificate of Eligibility for Veterans or Members of the Armed Forces With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Connected to Military Service. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-01-13

    The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) published an Interim Final Rule on February 25, 2015, to amend its adjudication regulations to provide a certificate of eligibility for financial assistance in the purchase of an automobile or other conveyance and adaptive equipment for all veterans with service-connected amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and servicemembers serving on active duty with ALS. The amendment authorized automatic issuance of a certificate of eligibility for financial assistance in the purchase of an automobile or other conveyance and adaptive equipment to all veterans with service-connected ALS and members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty with ALS. The intent of this final rule is to confirm the amendment made by the interim final rule without change.

  14. The use of telecommunications satellites by the air, sea, and land military forces and by civil defense - Project SICRAL AM/136/80

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lorenzoni, A.

    1983-03-01

    The projected uses and design concept of SICRAL, an Italian satellite program being developed for classified and emergency communications, are discussed. It is shown that a dedicated satellite, as a complement to terrestrial systems, is ideally suited to serve the needs of the armed forces, in cooperation with NATO, and of the civil defense organizations. SICRAL should provide normal and secure telephone, telegraph and teletype, facsimile, and data-transmission services to a variable mix of fixed and mobile stations, using the SHF, UHF, and EHF bands. Present plans call for two 1400-kg triaxially stabilized multiple-payload-type geostationary satellites, one operational and one in reserve, with a third satellite ready for launch as soon as the reserve satellite becomes operational. SICRAL could be launched by Ariane IV or Shuttle for preoperational testing within five years and full operational status in six or seven years, including time for ground-facility construction.

  15. [Current state and prospects of military personnel health monitoring].

    PubMed

    Rezvantsev, M V; Kuznetsov, S M; Ivanov, V V; Zakurdaev, V V

    2014-01-01

    The current article is dedicated to some features of the Russian Federation Armed Forces military personnel health monitoring such as legal and informational provision, methodological basis of functioning, historical aspect of formation and development of the social and hygienic monitoring in the Russian Federation Armed Forces. The term "military personnel health monitoring" is defined as an analytical system of constant and long-term observation, analysis, assessment, studying of factors determined the military personnel health, these factors correlations, health risk factors management in order to minimize them. The current state of the military personnel health monitoring allows coming to the conclusion that the military health system does have forces and resources for state policy of establishing the population health monitoring system implementation. The following directions of the militarily personnel health monitoring improvement are proposed: the Russian Federation Armed Forces medical service record and report system reorganization bringing it closer to the civilian one, implementation of the integrated approach to the medical service informatisation, namely, military personnel health status and medical service resources monitoring. The leading means in this direction are development and introduction of a military serviceman individual health status monitoring system on the basis of a serviceman electronic medical record card. Also it is proposed the current Russian Federation Armed Forces social and hygienic monitoring improvement at the expense of informational interaction between the two subsystems on the basis of unified military medical service space.

  16. The Best of Both Worlds: Psychiatry Training at Combined Civilian-Military Programs.

    PubMed

    Welton, Randon S; Hamaoka, Derrick A; Broderick, Pamela J; Schillerstrom, Jason E

    2015-08-01

    Air Force psychiatry faces the task of training competent military psychiatrists in an era of continuing reductions. Beginning in the 1980s, the Air Force started collaborating with University partners to create hybrid training programs, civilian-military psychiatry residencies. These mergers provide stability for Air Force psychiatry training in the face of increased operational missions and uncertain military recruiting. As a result of these combined programs, Air Force psychiatry residents gain access to a broader range of civilian clinical experience and expertise while maintaining a focus on distinctive military requirements. The combining of programs opens up options for academic activities which may not have otherwise existed. Both military and civilian residents benefit from the occupational psychiatry experiences available within military clinical sites. These programs give civilian residents a chance to assist active duty members and their families and provide insight into the military "lifecycle." These collaborations benefit the universities by providing access to a larger pool of residents and faculty. The synthesis of the military and civilian programs raises some ongoing obstacles such as civilian residents' ability to gain access to military resources. The programs must also accommodate separate mechanisms for selecting residents (the National Residency Matching Program versus the Joint Selection Board for Graduate Medical Education). Military residents must also comply with military standards and requirements while maintaining the universities' standards of conduct and professionalism. Merging military training programs into university programs creates a vibrant opportunity to create exceptional military and civilian psychiatrists.

  17. Military Sexual Trauma

    MedlinePlus

    Military Sexual Trauma What is military sexual trauma (MST)? Military sexual trauma, or MST, is the term used by VA to refer to experiences of sexual assault ... that a Veteran experienced during his or her military service. The definition used by the VA comes ...

  18. Slowing Military Change

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-10-01

    Military Models to Ottoman Turkey and Meiji Japan,” in Theo Farrell and Terry Terriff, eds., The Sources of Military Change: Culture, Politics, Technology...2002; Farrell and Terriff, “The Sources of Military Change”; Goldman, “The Spread of Western Military Models to Ottoman Turkey and Meiji Japan.” 107

  19. Countering Terrorism on Military Installations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-07-29

    Iran, Washington, Post, 22 November 1976. 3. Biolgi Warfare and the Urban Battleground, Griffith, G.W. En- forcement Journal. Vol. 14, 1975. 4. Cuban...security forces consist of 38 dogs and handlers, 2 e;-plosive detection dogs , 48 military police, and the 4099th Labor Service Company consisting of 240...to arrival at the depot. One problem he faces is that of untrained dog handlers. While losses of ammunition had heen reported it was felt that

  20. Stability operations and the implications for military health services support.

    PubMed

    Bricknell, M C M; Hanhart, N

    2007-03-01

    This paper examines the implications of the new military campaign type--Stability Operations--on military health service support. The paper uses the format of the medical estimate process and shows how the health service support planning factors of Mission Analysis; Ground; Enemy forces; Friendly forces; Time and Space; Security; Casualty Estimate; Medical Command, Control, Communication, Computers and Information (C4I); Medical Capabilities; Medical Force Protection; Medical Logistics; and Medical CBRN are affected by this change. The paper also identifies two new roles for military medical services, assistance to security sector reform and assistance to reconstruction and development. These two new roles will be discussed more fully in later papers.

  1. Military and the Media - What’s Next After Embedding?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-08

    Foundation, 1998). http://www.commongroundradio.org/ shows/98/9828.html Program 9828; Strobel: “ Margaret Thatcher had just completed a war in the...reports may have played a role in preventing the United States military from invading Haiti. The United States and Haitian national leadership were in...installations for Haiti that the Haitian military leadership agreed to permissive intervention by U.S. forces.16 Military Control of Media. Until the latter part

  2. Student Reports in Soviet Military Doctrine and Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-09-30

    Mikhaylov) Fundamentals of the Theory of Troop Douglas E. Walker 114 Control (P.K. Altukhov, et al.) Civil Defense Steven A. White 120 (P.T. Yegorov...broadening "their outlook on military theory and solving problems related to the training and education of their subordinates" (p. xi). At times a very...the CPSU and the Soviet Armed Forces, Marxist-Leninist Military Theory -- to the not so expected -- The Fundamentals of Military Psychology and

  3. Nationalities in the Soviet Military: A Problem for Perestroika.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-05-31

    government qency. NATIONALITIES IN THE SOVIET MILITARY: - -, A PROBLEM FOR PERESTROIKA? BY COLONEL DONALD D. DALZIEL, CANADIAN FORCES . A mSTT.UT1oW TATOEWT k...GOVT ACCESSION NO. I RECIPIENT’S CATALOG NUMBER 4. TITLE (and Suhtitle)- TYPE OF REPORT & PERIOD COVERED Nationalities in the Soviet Military: A...SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 11. KEY WORDS (Continue on reverse side if necessery end Identify by block number) Nationalities , Soviet Military 20. ABST-RACT

  4. Service and Joint Training: Lessons Learned from Recent Conflicts. Hearing before the Military Forces and Personnel Subcommittee of the Committee on Armed Services. House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Armed Services.

    This document contains the oral and written statements of persons whose testimony was presented before a Congressional hearing on training lessons learned from recent military conflicts. Principal witness was Mark E. Gebicke, Director of Military Operations and Capabilities Issues, National Security and International Affairs Division, U.S. General…

  5. Disruptive technology for vector control: the Innovative Vector Control Consortium and the US Military join forces to explore transformative insecticide application technology for mosquito control programmes.

    PubMed

    Knapp, Jennifer; Macdonald, Michael; Malone, David; Hamon, Nicholas; Richardson, Jason H

    2015-09-26

    Malaria vector control technology has remained largely static for decades and there is a pressing need for innovative control tools and methodology to radically improve the quality and efficiency of current vector control practices. This report summarizes a workshop jointly organized by the Innovative Vector Control Consortium (IVCC) and the Armed Forces Pest Management Board (AFPMB) focused on public health pesticide application technology. Three main topics were discussed: the limitations with current tools and techniques used for indoor residual spraying (IRS), technology innovation to improve efficacy of IRS programmes, and truly disruptive application technology beyond IRS. The group identified several opportunities to improve application technology to include: insuring all IRS programmes are using constant flow valves and erosion resistant tips; introducing compression sprayer improvements that help minimize pesticide waste and human error; and moving beyond IRS by embracing the potential for new larval source management techniques and next generation technology such as unmanned "smart" spray systems. The meeting served to lay the foundation for broader collaboration between the IVCC and AFPMB and partners in industry, the World Health Organization, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and others.

  6. Military specifications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reynolds, Philip

    1987-01-01

    The current situation relative to the military specification is that there is not one specific model of turbulence which people are using. Particular disagreement exists on how turbulence levels will vary with qualitative analysis. It does not tie one down to specifics. When it comes to flying quality specifications, many feel that one should stay with the definitions of the Cooper-Harper rating scale but allow the levels to shift depending on the level of turbulence. There is a ride quality specification in the MIL-SPEC having to do with flight control systems design that is related to a turbulence model. This spec (MIL-F8785C) and others are discussed.

  7. [New approaches to assessment of military personnel health status].

    PubMed

    Sivashchenko, P P; Ivanov, V V; Grigor'ev, S G; Baranovskiĭ, A M

    2013-05-01

    For the first time were suggested some indices such as the index of ratio of one unit's (higher/highest formation) hospitalization, lost worktime, discharge and mortality to the primary morbidity for one military unit and the same index of ratio to the same criteria for the group of military unit. The mentioned peculiarities are intended for impartial and comprehensive estimation of Armed Forces of the Russian Federation military personnel health status and medical units (establishments) activity. These indices include as criteria of diseases prevalence, morbidity, hospitalization, discharge and mortality characteristics. Employment of the new tools provides the possibility of the military health care system analysis by means of such health status components as military labor character peculiarities of medical support, as well as medical service forces and resources availability in the Army, Navy and Air Force.

  8. PTSD among military personnel.

    PubMed

    Creamer, Mark; Wade, Darryl; Fletcher, Susan; Forbes, David

    2011-04-01

    Although symptoms characteristic of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been noted in military personnel for many centuries, it was not until 1980 that the disorder was formally recognized and became the focus of legitimate study. This paper reviews our current state of knowledge regarding the prevalence and course of this complex condition in past and present members of the defence forces. Although rates vary across conflicts and countries, there is no doubt that PTSD affects substantial numbers of personnel and results in considerable impairment in functioning and quality of life. The paper goes on to discuss recent attempts to build resilience and to promote adjustment following deployment, noting that there is little evidence at this stage upon which to draw firm conclusions. Finally, effective treatment for PTSD is reviewed, with particular reference to the challenges posed by this population in a treatment setting.

  9. Sleep in the Military

    PubMed Central

    Troxel, Wendy M.; Shih, Regina A.; Pedersen, Eric R.; Geyer, Lily; Fisher, Michael P.; Griffin, Beth Ann; Haas, Ann C.; Kurz, Jeremy; Steinberg, Paul S.

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Sleep disturbances are a common reaction to stress and are linked to a host of physical and mental health problems. Given the unprecedented demands placed on U.S. military forces since 2001, there has been growing concern about the prevalence and consequences of sleep problems for servicemembers. Sleep problems often follow a chronic course, persisting long after servicemembers return home from combat deployments, with consequences for their reintegration and the readiness and resiliency of the force. Therefore, it is critical to understand the role of sleep problems in servicemembers’ health and functioning and the policies and programs available to promote healthy sleep. This study provides the first comprehensive review of sleep-related policies and programs across the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), along with a set of actionable recommendations for DoD, commanders, researchers, and medical professionals who treat U.S. servicemembers. The two-year multimethod study also examined the rates and correlates of sleep problems among post-deployed servicemembers, finding negative effects on mental health, daytime impairment, and perceived operational readiness. The research reviewed evidence-based interventions to treat sleep disturbances among servicemembers and veterans and exposed several individual- and system-level barriers to achieving healthy sleep. Implementing evidence-based treatments is just one step toward improving sleep across the force; as the research recommendations highlight, it is equally important that policies and programs also focus on preventing sleep problems and their consequences. PMID:28083395

  10. 32 CFR 809a.2 - Military responsibility and authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... their responsibility to protect and to preserve order on the installation and to safeguard persons and... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Military responsibility and authority. 809a.2... Entry Policy § 809a.2 Military responsibility and authority. (a) Air Force installation commanders...

  11. 32 CFR 809a.2 - Military responsibility and authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... their responsibility to protect and to preserve order on the installation and to safeguard persons and... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Military responsibility and authority. 809a.2... Entry Policy § 809a.2 Military responsibility and authority. (a) Air Force installation commanders...

  12. 32 CFR 154.15 - Military appointment, enlistment, and induction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Military appointment, enlistment, and induction... Requirements § 154.15 Military appointment, enlistment, and induction. (a) General. The appointment, enlistment, and induction of each member of the Armed Forces or their Reserve Components shall be subject to...

  13. 10 CFR 70.14 - Foreign military aircraft.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Foreign military aircraft. 70.14 Section 70.14 Energy....14 Foreign military aircraft. The regulations in this part do not apply to persons who carry special nuclear material (other than plutonium) in aircraft of the armed forces of foreign nations subject to 49...

  14. 10 CFR 70.14 - Foreign military aircraft.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Foreign military aircraft. 70.14 Section 70.14 Energy....14 Foreign military aircraft. The regulations in this part do not apply to persons who carry special nuclear material (other than plutonium) in aircraft of the armed forces of foreign nations subject to 49...

  15. 10 CFR 70.14 - Foreign military aircraft.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Foreign military aircraft. 70.14 Section 70.14 Energy....14 Foreign military aircraft. The regulations in this part do not apply to persons who carry special nuclear material (other than plutonium) in aircraft of the armed forces of foreign nations subject to 49...

  16. 10 CFR 70.14 - Foreign military aircraft.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Foreign military aircraft. 70.14 Section 70.14 Energy....14 Foreign military aircraft. The regulations in this part do not apply to persons who carry special nuclear material (other than plutonium) in aircraft of the armed forces of foreign nations subject to 49...

  17. 10 CFR 70.14 - Foreign military aircraft.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Foreign military aircraft. 70.14 Section 70.14 Energy....14 Foreign military aircraft. The regulations in this part do not apply to persons who carry special nuclear material (other than plutonium) in aircraft of the armed forces of foreign nations subject to 49...

  18. Joint Logistics: A Direct Approach to Effective U.S. Military Foreign Disaster Assistance

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-03

    large 5 variety of military forces and multinational and other government organizations ( OGAs ). 10 The JLE exists within this operational...decrease parallel efforts of the military, OGAs and NGOs. Fixing the inefficiencies in the military logistical system is the first step to providing a

  19. State Policymakers: Supporting Military Families with Children. Policy Briefing Series. Issue 15

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Melissa; Lettieri, Chelsea

    2008-01-01

    Managing work and family responsibilities is particularly difficult for military families with children. While military life has always been demanding, in recent years an increasing number of military personnel in both the Active Duty Force and Selected Reserves have had to confront the additional demands of parenthood. Providing resources to…

  20. 3 CFR 8816 - Proclamation 8816 of May 11, 2012. Military Spouse Appreciation Day, 2012

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... families play in keeping our Armed Forces strong and our country safe. Our military spouses are a vital... depends on the well-being of our military spouses and families, and my Administration remains committed to... investments in education and childcare for military families, increased the availability of...

  1. 32 CFR 631.15 - Air Force policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Air Force policy. 631.15 Section 631.15 National...-Installation Operations (Military Patrols and Investigative Activities) and Policy § 631.15 Air Force policy. (a) Airmen, military and/or Department of the Air Force Civilian (DAFC) police performing...

  2. 32 CFR 631.15 - Air Force policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Air Force policy. 631.15 Section 631.15 National...-Installation Operations (Military Patrols and Investigative Activities) and Policy § 631.15 Air Force policy. (a) Airmen, military and/or Department of the Air Force Civilian (DAFC) police performing...

  3. 32 CFR 631.15 - Air Force policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Air Force policy. 631.15 Section 631.15 National...-Installation Operations (Military Patrols and Investigative Activities) and Policy § 631.15 Air Force policy. (a) Airmen, military and/or Department of the Air Force Civilian (DAFC) police performing...

  4. 32 CFR 631.15 - Air Force policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Air Force policy. 631.15 Section 631.15 National...-Installation Operations (Military Patrols and Investigative Activities) and Policy § 631.15 Air Force policy. (a) Airmen, military and/or Department of the Air Force Civilian (DAFC) police performing...

  5. 32 CFR 631.15 - Air Force policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Air Force policy. 631.15 Section 631.15 National...-Installation Operations (Military Patrols and Investigative Activities) and Policy § 631.15 Air Force policy. (a) Airmen, military and/or Department of the Air Force Civilian (DAFC) police performing...

  6. Jet Fuel Exposure and Neurological Health in Military Personnel

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-07-01

    study to examine predicted dose - response relationships. The field study is being carried out with military (Air Force) personnel. Working groups have been convened and, currently, the Tier I phase is being planned.

  7. NASA’s Astro Camp for Military Children

    NASA Video Gallery

    NASA uses its unique assets to help enrich the lives and education of military children. NASA Stennis Space Center partnered with Keesler Air Force Base to conduct a weeklong science and space camp...

  8. Malaria prevention and control in the United States military.

    PubMed

    Robert, L L

    2001-01-01

    Malaria continues to be a serious threat to deployed military forces in many areas of the World. United States experiences during, and lessons learned from, World War II, Viet Nam, and Somalia have significantly changed the way that military planners, medical and preventive medicine personnel are facing the malaria challenge. Currently, the US military has a powerful arsenal of educational courses and materials, personal protective measures, and malaria surveillance and control techniques in place to fight malaria. These new tools will hopefully reduce malaria morbidity and mortality during military deployments in the future.

  9. A review of cardiovascular risk factors in US military personnel.

    PubMed

    McGraw, Leigh K; Turner, Barbara S; Stotts, Nancy A; Dracup, Kathleen A

    2008-01-01

    As the civilian population exhibits increasing trends in major cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in younger age groups, the US military is observing similar trends. These worrisome developments are seen even in young adulthood. Despite the need for a fit, combat-ready force, increases in CV risk are increasingly evident in the military population. This review provides an overview of coronary artery disease in the young and the prevalence of risk factors in the military population. With increases in current military operations in an acutely stressful environment, the role of stress and the manifestation of CV disease are also examined.

  10. Force Structure Valuation Model

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-01-01

    PTS,. Legena 6 ra 328X0 Force Structure pr.Jdotl- V.alu. Notes (After 2th "OSSoo re tent Ion c Mance i o 11th Year Retentton Chang e. _- 32SX0 Suo...Defense-Office of the Secretary of Defense. (1984). Military retirees’ and seoarates ’ post-service earnings (Fifth QRMC - Appendix Q). Flamholtz, E. G

  11. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    commander B-61 Joint Pub 1 -02 Appendix B MNF Multinational Force MNFC multinational force commander MNP master navigation plan MNS mission needs statements...component logistics staff officer N- 5 Navy component plans staff officer B-64 Joint Pub 1 -02 Appendix B N-6 Navy component communications staff officer NAAG...Terminology Points of Contact a. Joint Military Terminology Group (JMTG) ( 1 ) Office, Joint Military Terminology Group Operational Plans and Interoperability

  12. Military Suicide

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-05-01

    CDYA) programs. (S) Evaluate the appropriateness and, if appropriate, the Feasibility of operating a crisis hot line in all Army MTFs which maintain...Affairs), Washington, D.C., July 1985. 2. Deparatment of Health and Human Services, Helth Unitgd States. 1584, December 1S8’*. 3. Wood, Major Billy R...James E., Jr. "Suicide Prevention in the Air Force: A Training Guide For Crisis Intervention Service Volunteer Counselors". Unpublished Air Command

  13. Military nursing competencies.

    PubMed

    Ross, Mary Candice

    2010-06-01

    Competencies for military nurses are much broader in scope than their civilian counterparts. Not only must they be proficient at basic nursing skills, but they must also quickly master such military skills as protecting themselves and others during attack or threat of attack, caring for major trauma victims under austere conditions, and preparing such patients for transport through the military system of evacuation. This requires consistent and specialized training. This article describes the competencies necessary for practice by military nurses.

  14. Military Suicide Research Consortium

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-10-01

    postdoctoral pilot grants, and providing thirteen dissertation awards to expert and future leaders in the field of military suicide research. The Denver staff...from military sources), so that military issues can be informed in a comprehensive manner. 4. Train future leaders in military suicide research...Suicide, Drs. Jill Holm-Denoma and Tracy Witte, University of Denver/Auburn University, $139, 620 o Identifying Factors Associated with Future Suicidal Self

  15. Women in the United States Military: A Contemporary Perspective.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-06-21

    the combat exclusion for women , and all other military policies which were applied differently to males than to females . The Equal Rights Amendment...increases. Where are women in the U.S. military in 1985? Women in the U.S. Military Today. The U.S. armed forces have in 1985 more female members than any...Air Force policy which restricts women from combat is prescribed in Title 10, U.S. Code, Section 8549 which pro- vides: Female members of the Air

  16. An Analysis of Military Family Housing Energy Consumption.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-09-01

    ftG? 129 AN ANAYSIS OF MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING ENEM / CONSUMPTION(U) AIR FORCE INST OF TECH MRIOHT-PATTERSON RFI OH SCHOOL OF SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS...111110 W, IM 111 1- L 4.0 1 2.0- L..25 0 ricFILE CMP voww 00 AN ANALYSIS OF MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING ENERGY CONSUMPTION THESIS/ William L. Jones Captain...University, the United States Air Force, or the Department of Defense. . AFITiGEM/DEM/87S-12 .’ AN ANALYSIS OF MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING ENERGY CONSUMPTION

  17. Ending the Military’s Counternarcotics Mission

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-03

    substances to the United States,” as a principal foreign policy objective of the Bush Administration. The Directive stated that narcotics abuse is...would purchase illegal substances . Toward that end, the US military trains and equips the armed forces and law enforcement agencies of other countries...countries: Peru, Colombia , Afghanistan, Bolivia, Ecuador, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia

  18. Status Configurations, Military Service and Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Lin; Elder, Glen H., Jr.; Spence, Naomi J.

    2012-01-01

    The U.S. Armed Forces offer educational and training benefits as incentives for service. This study investigates the influence of status configurations on military enlistment and their link to greater educational opportunity. Three statuses (socioeconomic status of origin, cognitive ability and academic performance) have particular relevance for…

  19. Meeting the Military’s Manpower Challenges

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-01

    percent. And the armed forces continued to discharge thousands of qualified service men and women on the basis of their sexual orientation , even... sexual orientation . Eighth, as recommended by the 10th Quadrennial Review of Military Compensation (QRMC), the Pentagon should take a broader

  20. Continuing Professional Education in the Military

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gleiman, Ashley; Zacharakis, Jeff

    2016-01-01

    The military relies on continuing professional education as a key component to the success of its organization. With decreasing budgets and increasing importance for a force that operates efficiently and thinks critically, the cognitive tension among training, education, and learning comes center stage.

  1. International Military Cooperation: From Concepts to Constructs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Orazio, Vito

    2013-01-01

    International cooperation on issues of security is a central concept in many theoretical debates in international relations. This dissertation is an attempt to lay the foundation for measuring military cooperation and understanding the forces brought forth through its expansion. The central notion is that the set of policies related to military…

  2. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military Affairs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-11-30

    23 Russian Leadership Meets with Military Deputies [ N . Burbyga, I. Demchenko; IZVESTIYA, 4 Nov 90...Oct 90] .......................................................... 27 ARMED FORCES Lt-Gen Just Petukhov on Servicemen’s Protection Decree [ N ...Colonels V. Galushkin, P. Shakhoval, V. Colonel. Koval, and A. Lobzenko, Major N . Goriglyad, Warrant Born 15 June 1948 in the village of Knyazevo

  3. Military Manpower Training Report for FY 1990.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-03-01

    and training capacities to complement force plans as of the date of this year’s MOTR data submission. Fundinp for Individual Training Funds required to... planning considerations for Reserve Component personnel are es- I sentially similar to those for the active force; detailed phasing of this training is...recognized and exploited in planning officer procurement. The Service Academies present a long lead-time program that produces highly trained career military

  4. [The reform of military medical education and the tasks of the Military Medical Academy in improving personnel training].

    PubMed

    Shevchenko, Iu L

    1994-08-01

    The Military Medical Academy is a military educational institution which carries out the primary profile training of physicians for the Armed Services and all types of post-graduation training and advanced training of the scientific-pedagogical and medical specialists. Internship as a first stage of the post-graduation training is intended to improve practical medical training of the graduates of the Russian Military Medical Academy and other medico-military educational institutions by means of their primary specialization in one of the clinical or profile branches of medicine. The reforming of the post-graduation training rest system in the Military Medical Academy aims at its further development and putting specialists' training system into accordance with the Armed Forces reorganizations. This will make it possible to ensure high professional qualification of military doctors at the level of national and international standards.

  5. Joining Forces for Military Mental Health Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Sen. Reed, Jack [D-RI

    2011-08-01

    08/01/2011 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Armed Services. (text of measure as introduced: CR S5194-5195) (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  6. Military Modernization and the Russian Ground Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    enjoy full academic freedom, provided they do not disclose classified information, jeopardize operations security, or mis- represent official U.S...policy. Such academic freedom empowers them to offer new and sometimes controversial perspectives in the interest of furthering debate on key issues...had to accept low salaries. Promises to raise pay scales were not kept. There was thus little financial incentive to become a professional soldier

  7. OAS and the Use of Military Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1966-04-08

    regional agencies was stated by United States Representative Adlai E. Stevenson on 22 May 1965 during the Security Council debate on the situation in...guarantee the safety of American and foreign nationals and to preserve law and order. Why did not the United States consult the Organization of American

  8. Military Assistance Advisory Group-Vietnam (1954-1963): The Battle of Ap Bac

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-08

    prioritization from senior ARVN leaders, non-existent training infrastructure , and continuous operational assignments. MAAGV built a force equipped with......training infrastructure , and developing a professional military education system.94 These more administrative efforts resulted in an approved force

  9. 26 CFR 1.112-1 - Combat zone compensation of members of the Armed Forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... (and members of the Armed Forces are described) in section 7701(a)(15). (4) Military compensation only... States or by an international organization to a member of the Armed Forces whose military active duty... supplement the member's military compensation or is labeled by the employer as compensation for...

  10. 26 CFR 1.112-1 - Combat zone compensation of members of the Armed Forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... (and members of the Armed Forces are described) in section 7701(a)(15). (4) Military compensation only... States or by an international organization to a member of the Armed Forces whose military active duty... supplement the member's military compensation or is labeled by the employer as compensation for...

  11. 26 CFR 1.112-1 - Combat zone compensation of members of the Armed Forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... (and members of the Armed Forces are described) in section 7701(a)(15). (4) Military compensation only... States or by an international organization to a member of the Armed Forces whose military active duty... supplement the member's military compensation or is labeled by the employer as compensation for...

  12. 26 CFR 1.112-1 - Combat zone compensation of members of the Armed Forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... (and members of the Armed Forces are described) in section 7701(a)(15). (4) Military compensation only... States or by an international organization to a member of the Armed Forces whose military active duty... supplement the member's military compensation or is labeled by the employer as compensation for...

  13. 26 CFR 1.112-1 - Combat zone compensation of members of the Armed Forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... (and members of the Armed Forces are described) in section 7701(a)(15). (4) Military compensation only... States or by an international organization to a member of the Armed Forces whose military active duty... supplement the member's military compensation or is labeled by the employer as compensation for...

  14. Military psychiatry in India

    PubMed Central

    Prabhu, H. R. A.

    2010-01-01

    Military personnel, because of the unique nature of their duties and services, are likely to be under stress which at times has no parallel in civilian life. The stress of combat and service in extreme weather conditions often act as major stressors. The modern practices in military psychiatry had their beginning during the two World Wars, more particularly, the IInd World War. The GHPU concept had the beginning in India with military hospitals having such establishments in the care of their clientele. As the nation gained independence, many of the military psychiatrists shifted to the civil stream and contributed immensely in the development of modern psychiatry in India. In the recent years military psychiatry has been given the status of a subspecialty chapter and the military psychiatrists have been regularly organizing CMEs and training programs for their members to prepare them to function in the special role of military psychiatrists. PMID:21836702

  15. [Therapeutic morbidity rate among female military personnel, with exposure to occupational hazards in the period of service in the Armed Forces its influence on the course of pregnancy and fetal development].

    PubMed

    Negrusha, N A; Gordienko, A V; Shmidt, A A

    2012-08-01

    The study was made into therapeutic incidence among female military personnel who had contact with various kinds of occupational hazards in the period of military service, its impact on pregnancy and fetal development. Special attention was also paid to long-term consequences of obstetric and therapeutic pathological comorbidity on the development of the child. It has been established, that in the spectrum of therapeutic morbidity among female military personnel chronic gastritis, pyelonephritis and autoimmune thyroiditis prevail and often have a chronic stress as a background for their development. Children born to mothers, who in the period of pregnancy showed the combination of chronic pyelonephritis, autoimmune thyroiditis and late gestosis are a group of high risk for the development of the intracranial hypertension in children and/or infectious diseases.

  16. Radiation exposure of U.S. military individuals.

    PubMed

    Blake, Paul K; Komp, Gregory R

    2014-02-01

    The U.S. military consists of five armed services: the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard. It directly employs 1.4 million active duty military, 1.3 million National Guard and reserve military, and 700,000 civilian individuals. This paper describes the military guidance used to preserve and maintain the health of military personnel while they accomplish necessary and purposeful work in areas where they are exposed to radiation. It also discusses military exposure cohorts and associated radiogenic disease compensation programs administered by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, the U.S. Department of Justice, and the U.S. Department of Labor. With a few exceptions, the U.S. military has effectively employed ionizing radiation since it was first introduced during the Spanish-American War in 1898. The U.S military annually monitors 70,000 individuals for occupational radiation exposure: ~2% of its workforce. In recent years, the Departments of the Navy (including the Marine Corps), the Army, and the Air Force all have a low collective dose that remains close to 1 person-Sv annually. Only a few Coast Guard individuals are now routinely monitored for radiation exposure. As with the nuclear industry as a whole, the Naval Reactors program has a higher collective dose than the remainder of the U.S. military. The U.S. military maintains occupational radiation exposure records on over two million individuals from 1945 through the present. These records are controlled in accordance with the Privacy Act of 1974 but are available to affected individuals or their designees and other groups performing sanctioned epidemiology studies.Introduction of Radiation Exposure of U.S. Military Individuals (Video 2:19, http://links.lww.com/HP/A30).

  17. Military Advice and Civil-Military Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-21

    Ballinger Publishing Company, 1985. Builder, Carl H. The Masks of war: American Military Styles in Strategy and Analysis. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins...9 Carl H. Builder, The Masks of war: American Military Styles in Strategy and Analysis (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins...11 Carl von Clausewitz, On War, ed. Michael Howard and Peter Paret (New York, New York: Everyman’s Library , 1993), 733. 6 importance and thus the

  18. Military Advice and Civil-Military Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-01

    Ballinger Publishing Company, 1985. Builder, Carl H. The Masks of war: American Military Styles in Strategy and Analysis. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins...9 Carl H. Builder, The Masks of war: American Military Styles in Strategy and Analysis (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins...11 Carl von Clausewitz, On War, ed. Michael Howard and Peter Paret (New York, New York: Everyman’s Library , 1993), 733. 6 importance and thus the

  19. Cyber Professionals in the Military and Industry-Partnering in Defense of the Nation: A Conversation between Maj Gen Suzanne Vautrinot, Commander, Twenty-Fourth Air Force, and Mr. Charles Beard, Chief Information Officer, Science Applications International Corporation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    military controlled, across several different networks, including foreign systems, making it critical to establish relationships with com- mercial...level, you had to go beyond awareness. Peo- ple had to get on board, understand the codependency , and see its benefit to the individual. Having the

  20. 75 FR 28185 - Armed Forces Day, 2010

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-20

    ...#0;#0; ] Proclamation 8522 of May 14, 2010 Armed Forces Day, 2010 By the President of the United... Armed Forces Day, we pay tribute to these patriots who risk their lives, sometimes giving their last... days of independence. Today, we have the greatest military force in the history of the world because...

  1. About Military Sexual Trauma

    MedlinePlus Videos and Cool Tools

    ... out why Close About Military Sexual Trauma Veterans Health Administration Loading... Unsubscribe from Veterans Health Administration? Cancel Unsubscribe Working... Subscribe Subscribed Unsubscribe 12, ...

  2. Reflections on military psychiatry.

    PubMed

    Arthur, R J

    1978-07-01

    The need for psychiatrists in the military was recognized for the first time during World War I, which involved millions of men in unusually protracted warfare. The policy of treating psychiatric casualties close to the from and returning soldiers to their military units as quickly as possible proved of great significance in the U.S. war effort. During World War II, the Korean conflict, and the war in Viet Nam, military psychiatry made great contributions and learned many lessions, both at home and abroad. The lessions learned by military psychiatry have important applications for the rest of medicine, especially in the fields of stress, crisis therapy, and community psychiatry.

  3. Cyber Situational Awareness for Joint Force Commanders

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-02-15

    Officer assigned to the Air War College, Air University, Maxwell AFB, AL. Lt Col Payne is a graduate of Ohio University with a Bachelor of Science...manner. The central thesis being addressed is that military commanders need a common framework for cyber situation awareness in order to aid the force...The central thesis being addressed is that military commanders need a common framework for cyber SA in order to aid the force with building a

  4. Force Integration Doctrine and Division Staff Organization.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-06-06

    Marriot , William T. 1II, LTC. "Force Integration’s Next Big Challenge," Military Review 66 (April 1986), pp.4-13. 6. Starry, Donn A., GEN. "To Change an...Power," Army 33 (December 1983): 34-45. Marriot , William T. III., LTC. "Force Integration’s Next Big Challenge," Military Review 66 (April 1986): 4-13

  5. Pathways to the All-Volunteer Military

    PubMed Central

    Elder, Glen H.; Wang, Lin; Spence, Naomi J.; Adkins, Daniel E.; Brown, Tyson H.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives The present study investigates the role of a disadvantaged background, the lack of social connectedness, and behavioral problems in channeling young men to the opportunities of the all-volunteer military instead of to college and the labor market. Methods Data from three waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health in the United States. The analytic sample consists of 6,938 white, black, and other males. Results The greatest likelihood of military service versus college and the labor force occurs when young men of at least modest ability come from disadvantaged circumstances, experience minimal connectedness to others, and report a history of adolescent fighting. Discussion Findings suggest the importance of access to post-high school education and worklife opportunities as a military service incentive for less advantaged young men in the all volunteer era. PMID:21960728

  6. Status Configurations, Military Service and Higher Education

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Lin; Elder, Glen H.; Spence, Naomi J.

    2012-01-01

    The U.S. Armed Forces offer educational and training benefits as incentives for service. This study investigates the influence of status configurations on military enlistment and their link to greater educational opportunity. Three statuses (socioeconomic status of origin, cognitive ability and academic performance) have particular relevance for life course options. We hypothesize that young men with inconsistent statuses are more likely to enlist than men with consistent status profiles, and that military service improves access to college for certain configurations. Analyses of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) show (1. that several status configurations markedly increased the likelihood of military enlistment and (2. within status configurations, recruits were generally more likely to enroll in higher education than nonveterans, with associate degrees being more likely. PMID:24511161

  7. [Haemovigilance and blood safety in overseas military].

    PubMed

    Sailliol, A; Plang, S; Martinaud, C; Pouget, T; Vedy, S; Clavier, B; Cellarier, V; Roche, C; Civadier, C; Ausset, S

    2014-11-01

    The French military blood institute (FMBI) is the only military blood supplier in France. FMBI operates independently and autonomously under the Ministry of Defense's supervision, and accordingly, to the French, European and NATO technical and safety guidelines. FMBI is in charge of the collection, preparation and distribution of blood products to supply transfusion support to armed forces, especially during overseas operations. In overseas military, a primary physician is responsible for haemovigilance in permanent relation with an expert in the FMBI to manage any adverse reaction. Additionally, traceability of delivered or collected blood products during overseas operation represents a priority, allowing an appropriate management of transfusion inquiries and assessment of practices aiming to improve and update procedures and training. Transfusion safety in overseas operation is based on regular and specific training of people concerned by blood supply chain in exceptional situation.

  8. Civil-Military Relations in Thailand: Military Autonomy or Civilian Control?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-01

    institutions and this policy had the support early on from various factions within the military to include The Young Turks and the Democratic Soldiers.45...supremacy of the armed forces early in the formative years is clearly reflected in the composition of the Cabinet, which between 1932-1958 was

  9. The Usefulness of Graduate Engineering Management Education for Military Officers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, Alan E. M.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    To prepare military and civilian engineers for middle and upper-level engineering management positions, the Air Force Institute of Technology offers a masters-level graduate engineering management program for the United States Air Force and other organizations. A study of this program's effectiveness, as perceived by graduates and their…

  10. Soviet military power: an assessment of the threat

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-01-01

    Contents include: the nature of the Soviet threat--Soviet national-security policies; Soviet foreign policy under Gorbachev; military resources allocation; Soviet strategic programs and space forces; Soviet conventional forces; an assessment of the threat--the strategic balance; regional and functional balances; research and development: the technological competition; collective security: our risks and responsibilities.

  11. Committee on Military Nutrition Research

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-06-01

    MILITARY RESEARCH, * NUTRITION , MILITARY PERSONNEL, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), METABOLISM, NUTRIENTS, HIGH ENERGY, MEDICAL RESEARCH, FOOD, DIET, MENTAL ABILITY, WORKSHOPS, BIOMEDICINE, CAFFEINE, SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE.

  12. [Adult male circumcision for military men: history and future].

    PubMed

    Li, Philip Shihua; Lü, Nian-Qing; Masson, Puneet; Huang, Yu-Feng; Sun, Ying-Hao

    2010-06-01

    Adult male circumcision (MC) has been shown to reduce the transmission of HPV, HSV, and HIV significantly during vaginal intercourse. However, the benefits of adult MC for men in military service have been poorly documented. Soldiers in war time have additional challenges in maintaining good penile hygiene, rendering uncircumcised men vulnerable to inflammation and infection; these maladies not only negatively impact these individuals, but also undermine the overall military strength. Adult MC can provide some long-term benefits for these military service men. Many African countries have already taken a special interest in adult MC for their military forces, resulting in increased numbers of these surgeries among this special population of men. In this review, we discuss the history of adult MC in the military along with the current trends and economic significance.

  13. UK role 4 military infection services: past, present and future.

    PubMed

    Dufty, Ngozi E; Bailey, M S

    2013-09-01

    NATO describes 'Role 4' military medical services as those provided for the definitive care of patients who cannot be treated within a theatre of operations and these are usually located in a military force's country of origin and may include the involvement of civilian medical services. The UK Defence Medical Services have a proud history of developing and providing clinical services in infectious diseases and tropical medicine, sexual health and HIV medicine, and medical microbiology and virology. These UK Role 4 Military Infection Services have adapted well to recent overseas deployments, but new challenges will arise due to current military cutbacks and a greater diversity of contingency operations in the future. Further evidence-based development of these services will require leadership by military clinicians and improved communication and support for 'reach-back' services.

  14. A Chance in Hell: Evaluating the Efficacy of U.S. Military Health Systems in Foreign Disaster Relief

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-10

    military disaster assessment team to El Salvador following an earthquake.25 While these examples illustrate a utility for U.S. military forces in...the volume and quality of planning resources for the U.S. military health systems has grown substantially for foreign disaster response. The second... environmental conditions and reliably restore the social well-being of the affected population to an acceptable level.13 Although the U.S. military has a

  15. Early Childhood Military Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pelo, Ann

    2011-01-01

    Does the country's national security rely on top-quality early childhood education? Yes, say the military leaders of Mission: Readiness, an organization led by retired military commanders that promotes investment in education, child health, and parenting support. Actually, the generals are right, but for all the wrong reasons. The generals' aim is…

  16. Sustaining the Military Arts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-09-01

    pidgin isn’t the antidote for strategic illiteracy. The military arts of strategy, operations, and tactics are merely the creative bridges that allow...Strategic pidgin isn’t the antidote for strategic illiteracy. about military arts and sciences is not merely a ’question of rhetorical clarity. Indeed

  17. Military Psychology: An Overview,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-05-01

    psychology , using ..._*.; 4nearly every branch of the discipline; industrial, organizational, general , experimental, physiological, clinical...research sites. For additional information, write: Psychology Consultant, Office of the Surgeon General , HQDA (DASG-HCC-H), Room 20528, The Pentagon...military psychology ? (NPS-54-80-09). Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School. Crawford, M. P. (1970). Military psychology and general psychology

  18. Advising Transfer Military Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Steven

    2011-01-01

    Today's students can come from a larger area than just high school. With the entire world's conflicts and today's society, more and more of our present day students may have come from the military ranks. Though we have not come to an actual draft system, more and more modern day students have served their time in the military, to keep America…

  19. Science, Technology, and Warfare. Proceedings of the Military History Symposium (3rd) Held at the United States Air Force Academy (Colorado Springs, Colorado) on 8-9 May 1969

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1970-09-01

    practice (unless we call the tram-road and truck, as in Agricola , a conveyor) . I believe we will not go far wrong in supposing that pick, shovel, and...it up-+not of course the really dangerous and dirty business but the definable and fascinating problem of the flight of bodies through the air. It...civilians that the military had no business to be dabbling with technological experiments. Writing for the theatergoers of Puritan London, Ben Jonson

  20. Fernando de Szyszlo Military Professionalization in Chile and Peru.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-12-01

    1925. As a youth, he attended tht Jesuit School La Immaculada in Lima, and de- cided to choose architecture as his profession. His first year of...of the Military in Peruvian Politics," Air University Documentary Research Study (Maxwell Air Force Base, Ala.: Air University, 1970), p. 46. 59...Monica, Calif.: The Rand Corporation, 1971. Estep, Raymond. "The Role of the Military in Peruvian Politics." Air University Documentary Research

  1. Military Engineers: An Interagency Bridge Between Hard and Soft Power

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-30

    objectives is “to further rebalance the capabilities of America’s Armed Forces to prevail in today’s wars, while building the capabilities needed to deal...Military engineers possess expertise and equipment needed to build and repair civil infrastructure as well as that often displayed by combat engineers...crises occur with the military contribution to these efforts focused on mobilizing cooperation and building relationships to enhance regional

  2. Civil-Military Relations in Indonesia: Reformasi and Beyond

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-09-01

    4 (July). Crouch, Harold. 1988. The Army and Politics in Indonesia . Revised edition, Ithaca: Cornell University Press. -----. 1999. “Wiranto and...University of North Carolina Press. Kammen, Douglas and Siddharth Chandra. 1999. A Tour of Duty: Changing Patterns of Military Politics in Indonesia in...1996. The Dual Function of the Indonesian Armed Forces: Military Politics in Indonesia . Canberra: Australian Defence Studies Centre. Mohammed Fajrul

  3. Iraq Stability: Foreign Military Sales in a New War Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-06

    21-07-2014 to 12-06- 2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER Iraq Stabili ty : Foreign Military Sales in a New War Environment 5b. GRANT...DEFENSE UNIVERSITY JOINT FORCES STAFF COLLEGE JOINT ADVANCED W ARFIGHTING SCHOOL IRAQ STABILITY: FOREIGN MILITARY SALES IN A NEW WAR ENVIRONMENT by... ENVIRONMENT by Alonzo J. Jones Civilian, U.S. Department of Defense A paper submitted to the Faculty of the Joint Advanced Warfighting School in partial

  4. Military Ethics and Professionalism: A Collection of Essays

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-01-01

    in American X society. The impact was the same-it further reduced the dwindling reserve of self-respect so necessary to the professional image. A...second development of the 1970s was the advent of the All- Volunteer Force, the impact of which is not yet even partially under- stood. The All-Volunteer...virtually every military career field and into the military academies has had subtle, and as yet un- fathomable, impact on the profession. Much has been

  5. Outing the costs of civil deference to the military.

    PubMed

    Hillman, Elizabeth L

    2013-01-01

    Placing the costs and process of repeal into the framework of U.S. civil governance and military power reveals the faltering state of civilian control over, and understanding of, contemporary military institutions. The excessive delays, repetitive studies, and lack of judicial oversight that characterized the process of repeal expose a military unmoored from the constitutional and democratic constraints of civilian control. The end of Don't Ask, Don't Tell is more than a civil rights triumph. It is also a lesson in the steep costs and troubling consequences of excessive civilian deference to the armed forces.

  6. The Impact of Family Income on Military Reserve Retention

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-09-01

    OTIC ,lE COPY C0 4c ~OF THE IMPACT OF FAMILY INCOME ON MILITARY RESERVE RETENTION THESIS Dale C. Figart Captain, USAF / AFIT/GSM/LSY/90S-9 I ST1BTON...TECHNOLOGY Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 90 12 20 102 AFIT/GSM/LSY/90S-9 THE IMPACT OF FAMILY INCOME ON MILITARY RESERVE RETENTION THESIS Dale C...Unsinnounced 0 justificatio AFIT/GSM/LSY/90S-9 THE IMPACT OF FAMILY INCOME ON MILITARY RESERVE RETENTION THESIS Presented to the Faculty of the School

  7. A review of military research into alcohol consumption.

    PubMed

    Verrall, N G

    2011-06-01

    Alcohol consumption is a part of military history. The impacts in terms of both short-term and long-term consequences require modern militaries to develop and instigate a duty of care for its personnel, which informs the military's 'cradle to the grave' approach in addressing alcohol consumption and other risky health behaviours (e.g. smoking, driving, sex, drugs, obesity, etc.). Thus, in recent years there have been numerous studies that have either focused on, or included, measures of alcohol consumption among various military populations. Therefore, a synthesis of this research is warranted in order to provide a contemporary understanding of this topic. This review addresses the military research regarding alcohol consumption. It reviews the methodological issues associated with the breadth of research, as well as commenting on a range of factors that need to be considered when interpreting and comparing the different research studies; for example, (1) when comparing findings across military to civilian and pan-military populations, (2) deployment-related research, (3) military groups at risk, and (4) the impact on readiness, operational effectiveness and force sustainability.

  8. Military vaccines in today’s environment

    PubMed Central

    Schmaljohn, Connie S.; Smith, Leonard A.; Friedlander, Arthur M.

    2012-01-01

    The US military has a long and highly distinguished record of developing effective vaccines against pathogens that threaten the armed forces. Many of these vaccines have also been of significant benefit to civilian populations around the world. The current requirements for force protection include vaccines against endemic disease threats as well as against biological warfare or bioterrorism agents, to include novel or genetically engineered threats. The cost of vaccine development and the modern regulatory requirements for licensing vaccines have strained the ability of the program to maintain this broad mission. Without innovative vaccine technologies, streamlined regulatory strategies, and coordinating efforts for use in civilian populations where appropriate, the military vaccine development program is in jeopardy. PMID:22854669

  9. Military Diplomacy: A Need for Doctrine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-04

    The contents of this paper reflect my own personal views and are not necessarily endorsed by the NWC or the Department of the Navy. 14. ABSTRACT...future. Its establishment will formalize a type of operation that military forces commonly perform and will lead to a more effective execution of...Operations. The contents of this paper reflect my own personal views and are not necessarily endorsed by the Naval War College or the Department

  10. Tax Advantage Retirement Savings for the Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-04-01

    proposal has not been passed in the House of Representatives and is still a long way from becoming law . The Chiefs of Staff have gone on record as making...this proposal their number one priority. They are hoping to persuade Congress to enact the plan into law .17 But will they be successful? According... Admistration and Regulation of a Military Retirement System Funded by Private Sector Investments. AFIT/GOR/ENS/90M-14. Wright Patterson AFB, OH: Air Force

  11. Is Japan a military threat to Asia?

    SciTech Connect

    Halloran, R.

    1994-11-01

    The foreign minister of Japan, Yohei Kono, stood in the UN General Assembly in September and sought to reassure delegates that Japan would not again employ military power in the international area. {open_quotes}Japan does not, nor will it, resort to the use of force prohibited by its constitution,{close_quotes} Kono said, {open_quotes}Japan will remain resolutely a nation of peace.{close_quotes}

  12. China Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Literary Works (WEN ZHAI BAO, No 105, 7 Oct 83) 25 RENMIN RIBAO on Improving Quality of Literature (Feng Mu; RENMIN RIBAO, 10 Oct 83) 29 Editor...government. It calls for an end to arms supply or other military assistance to either of the contending forces in the Salvadoran civil war. The U.S. claims...cooperation treaty between Korea and Ethiopia was signed here yesterday which stresses the right and free- dom of every country to determine its own fate

  13. The Validity of Soviet Military Power

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-01

    references that were not mentioned by Gervasi. (1) Pergamon- Brassey is an international firm that publishes numerous books by defense analysts. (2) NATO...Soviet Military Balance 1980- 1985. McLean, VA: Oergamon- Brasseys International Defense Publishers, 1985, p. 204. 32International Institute for Strategic...49Jones, David R. Soviet Armed Forces Review Annual 1984- 1985. Gulf Breeze, FL: Academic International Press, 1986, p. 26. 5QJane’s Soviet Intelligence

  14. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military Affairs.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    of party political work. Opinions are discussed and correct decisions are worked out together. Col A. PAVLOV , deputy chief of the social sciences...Marshal of the Soviet Union [MSU] Ivan Khristo- forovich Bagramyan.... They call him their son in Russia, in the Caucasus, in the Ukraine and in...Forces A. Babadzhanyan. The military biography of the twice Hero of the Soviet Union Ivan Khristoforovich Bagramyan, who would have been 90 years

  15. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military Affairs.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    directorate of the SA and the VMF, signed by V. Yakimov, chief of the department of culture and art , to a question by S. Barsov, a reader from Kishinev...artistic level. Thus, how can young people in 2 or 3 years of service not only become skilled in their military specialty but also at least maintain...Service’ and by regulations of the armed forces of the USSR. Taking into account the specific nature of the conditions and peculiarities of

  16. Study of Naval Officers’ Attitudes Toward Homosexuals in the Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-03-01

    draws a distinction between homosexual conduct and one’s sexual orientation . Sexual orientation is considered a private matter, but engaging in... Orientation , and Military Personnel Policy," in Out in Force: Sexual Orientation and the Military, ed. Gregory M. Herek, Jared B. Jobe, and Ralph M... Sexual Orientation and the Military, ed. Gregory M. Herek, Jared B. Jobe, and Ralph M. Carney (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1996

  17. The Origins of the American Military Coup of 2012 (Parameters, Winter 2010-11)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    93 issue of Parameters. The letter that follows takes us on a darkly imagined excursion into the future. A military coup has taken place in the... letter to an old War College classmate discussing the “Origins of the American Military Coup of 2012.” In it, he argues that the coup was the outgrowth...the armed forces, and the insularity of the military community. His letter survives and is here presented verbatim. It goes without saying (I hope

  18. An Application of the Analytic Hierarchy Process to Evaluate Candidate Locations for Building Military Housing.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-12-01

    ington: Government Printing Office, 1 Jan 1980. 8. Department of Defense. Instructions for Completing DD Form 1523, Military Family Housing ...PROCESS TO EVALUATE CANDIDATE LOCATIONS FOR BUILDING MILITARY HOUSING THESIS Gary A. Luethke’ Second Lieutenant, USAF AFIT/GOR/ENS/87D-10 DTIC ^Et-ECTED MAR...EVALUATE CANDIDATE LOCATIONS FOR BUILDING MILITARY HOUSING THESIS Presented to the Faculty of the School of Engineering of the Air Force Institute of

  19. Military Science and Academies,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-10-06

    AD-AL06 093 FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIV WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFG OH F/G 5/9 MILITARY SCIENCE AND ACAO(MIES, CU) OCT 81 P A ROTMISTROY UNC LASIED FTO-ID(RS)T...1102-61IL FTD-ID(RS )T-1142-8l FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIVISION MILITARY SCIENCE AND ACADEMIES by P. A. Rotmistrov DTIC ELECTE NV2 1981 B Approved for...Distribution/ Availability Codes jAvail and/or Dist Special MILITARY SCIENCE AND ACADEMIES Chief Marshal of Armored Troops P. A. Rotmistrov The Central

  20. Military Careers: A Guide to Military Occupations and Selected Military Career Paths, 1992-1994.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Defense, Washington, DC.

    This book was developed to help educators and youth learn about career opportunities in the military. It is a compendium of military occupational, training, and career information and is designed for use by students interested in the military. The first section, military occupations, contains descriptions of 197 enlisted and officer occupations.…

  1. Nasal Colonization with Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Military Personnel in a Developing Country - Development of a Skin and Soft Tissue Infection Surveillance System in the Peruvian Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-07

    and soft tissue infection surveillance system in the Peruvian Air Force by Joan Neyra, MD, MPH Dissertation...and soft tissue infection surveillance system in the Peruvian Air Force” is appropriately acknowledged and, beyond brief excerpts, is with the... infection surveillance system in the Peruvian Air Force: Joan Neyra, MD, MPH, 2015 Thesis directed by: David L. Blazes, MD, MPH, Professor

  2. [From the history of military-medical examination in the Far East (to the 60th anniversary of the 4th Branch of the Main center of military-medical examination of the Ministry of Defense of RF)].

    PubMed

    Pashkovskiĭ, R D

    2013-09-01

    Military-medical examination is a part of medical service of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and plays a significant role in recruiting military troops with healthy, physically vigorous soldiers, in saving and improving of health of military personnel, in undertaking prophylaxis and therapeutic measures, in solving social problems of servicemen and their families. Military-medical examination board of Eastern Command plays a significant role in the system of military-medical examination of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. The article is devoted to the history of formation and development of military-medical examination in the Far East depending on aims and goals of military-medical service at different stages of military formation. Eastern Command dated back to the Civil War, has changed its organization, boundaries, structure and name many times. According these changes many new military-medical departments, including military-medical examination board, were reorganized, disbanded and created. Various military-medical commissions alternating or working simultaneously at different military units were created in the Far East.

  3. Military Sexual Trauma

    MedlinePlus

    ... Budget, & Performance VA Center for Innovation (VACI) Agency Financial Report (AFR) Budget Submission Recovery Act Resources Business ... Depression Military Sexual Trauma PTSD Schizophrenia Substance Use Suicide Prevention I am a... Returning Veteran Veteran in ...

  4. TRICARE, Military Health System

    MedlinePlus

    ... Preventive Services Healthy Living Enter Profile Get My Plan Info Service Status Countries Zip Code Enter valid ... My Military Health Record Less Find a TRICARE Plan Answer some questions to find the right TRICARE ...

  5. Movies and the Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1972-01-01

    motion picture history- movies (with two exceptions discussed below) were not made about the war. Anti-war films , and films with...of this aberration. Motion pictures are made to make money, and producers of films about the military make movies which reflect the anti-military...screen. Much of our culture is defined and transmitted by movies .2 The images implanted in the mind by motion pictures are vivid and lasting.

  6. Military Air Cargo Containerization.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-05-01

    MILITARY AIR CARGO CONTAINERIZATION GRADUATE RESEARCH PAPER Joseph W. Mancy, Major, USAF AFIT/ GMO /LAL/96J-4 : ."•" ’* ■- ’ DEPARTMENT OF...Approved to public release; Distribution UnHmlted ? DTIC QUALITY INSPECTED 1 AFIT/ GMO /LAL/96J-4 MILITARY AIR CARGO CONTAINERIZATION GRADUATE RESEARCH...PAPER Joseph W. Mancy, Major, USAF AFIT/ GMO /LAL/96J-4 19960617 134 Approved for public release; distribution unlimited The views expressed in this

  7. Assessing Israeli Military Effectiveness

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-01

    did during the 1967 Arab -Israeli War. If this is the case, is it due to a decline in IDF military effectiveness? If so, what are the factors that led...conflict, low-intensity conflict, hybrid conflict, Arab -Israeli War, Operation Accountability, Operation Grapes of Wrath, Operation Change of Direction...has not been able to consistently sustain the ability to achieve decisive military success as it did during the 1967 Arab -Israeli War. If this is

  8. Evaluating Military Compensation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-01

    has also compared the out-of-pocket health costs of families who use its preferred-provider organization ( PPO ) or fee-for-service options with those...comparison controlled for demographic differ- ences between military and civilian families. EVALUATING MILITARY COMPENSATION 17using PPO plans. In 2005...governments would have to absorb the difference. A PP E N D IX A Total Compensation for the Median Enlisted MemberUsing a different approach from

  9. FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-07-29

    in an armed force, a component, a branch, a grade, or any other category of the armed forces.” 10 U.S.C. §101( b )(11). As such, end- strengths are...Benefits for Former Spouses: Legislation and Policy Issues, by David F . Burrelli. CRS Point of Contact: Kristy N. Kamarck, x7-7783. *Survivor...and CRS Report RL31664, The Military Survivor Benefit Plan: A Description of Its Provisions, by David F . Burrelli. 23 CRS Report RL31664, The Military

  10. Military Service and Educational Attainment in the All-Volunteer Era

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teachman, Jay

    2007-01-01

    This article uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to examine the relationship between service in the All Volunteer Force (AVF) military and educational attainment. Through the use of fixed-effects estimators, the author generated estimates of the effect of military service on the highest grade of school completed by men that…

  11. The Success of a National Dialogue on Sustainable Military Range Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siegel, Lenny

    2003-01-01

    Military munitions are the silent giant of hazardous waste management and cleanup in the United States. Toward the end of the first Clinton administration, the Navy and Air Force prevailed upon the Army--the armed service with the biggest ordnance problem--to consider co-sponsoring a formal dialogue on military munitions facilitated by the…

  12. Ethics and the Military Profession. The Noncommissioned Officer and the Professional Ethic

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-04-01

    the Sociology of Military Organiza- tion." In Studies in the Scope and Method of ’The American Soldier." Ed. Robert K. Merton and Paul F. Lazarsfeld ...34 Social Forces, 33 (1955), 3*2-347. Bowers, R. V. "The Military Establishment." In The Uses of Sociology. Ed. P. F. Lazarsfeld , W. H. Sewell, and

  13. Radiometry in military applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chrzanowski, Krzysztof

    2001-08-01

    Missiles guided using optoelectronic methods, optoelectronic imaging systems (thermal imaging systems, night vision devices, LLLTV cameras, TV cameras), and optoelectronic countermeasures (smoke screens, camouflage paints and nets, IR flares, decoys, jamming systems, warning systems) are one of the most important components of modern military armament. There are numerous military standards, some of them secret, that precise radiometric parameters to be measured and the testing methods to be used. There is also much literature on the subject of testing of the systems mentioned above, although mostly on subject of testing of the thermal imaging systems. In spite of this apparently numerous literature, there still significant confusion in this area due to secrecy of some parameters and testing methods, differences in recommendations of different military standards, fast progress in military optoelectronics, and also due to enormous number of different types of optoelectronics systems used in the military armament. A review of testing methods of the three basic groups of optoelectronics systems used in modern military armament: the missiles guided using optoelectronics methods, the optoelectronic imaging systems, and the optoelectronic countermeasures is presented in this paper. Trends in the measuring sets.

  14. The challenge of military surgical education.

    PubMed

    Becker, Horst Peter; Gerngross, Heinz; Schwab, Robert

    2005-01-01

    Now that field hospitals and rescue stations have been provided with state-of-the-art equipment, it is important to tailor the medical qualifications of military surgeons to the specific requirements of missions outside Germany. The objective of this article is to provide guidelines for a new training model. Einsatzchirurgie is defined as surgical treatment provided under restricted conditions in an unfamiliar environment. Its purpose is, first and foremost, to provide emergency treatment. The spectrum of Einsatzchirurgie, however, also encompasses maximum medical treatment on a case-by-case basis and emergency surgical treatment in a mass casualty situation. Training, for example, may consist of a 6-year basic training course in surgery followed by specialist training in abdominal surgery, traumatology, and courses in further disciplines--e.g., urology, gynecology, or neurosurgery. In addition to the qualifications required by the Landesärztekammem (professional organizations of German physicians at the federal countries level), military surgeons who are to become senior medical officers should also be qualified to provide immediate non-surgical emergency care. In these times, the education of military surgeons remains a great challenge. Motivation to work as a surgeon in the armed forces with multiple deployments during the career requires enthusiasm and professionalism. The attractiveness of the training institution and the home hospital is key for successful work as a military surgeon.

  15. Military Munitions Waste Working Group report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-11-30

    This report presents the findings of the Military Munitions Waste Working Group in its effort to achieve the goals directed under the Federal Advisory Committee to Develop On-Site Innovative Technologies (DOIT Committee) for environmental restoration and waste management. The Military Munitions Waste Working Group identified the following seven areas of concern associated with the ordnance (energetics) waste stream: unexploded ordnance; stockpiled; disposed -- at known locations, i.e., disposal pits; discharged -- impact areas, unknown disposal sites; contaminated media; chemical sureties/weapons; biological weapons; munitions production; depleted uranium; and rocket motor and fuel disposal (open burn/open detonation). Because of time constraints, the Military Munitions Waste Working Group has focused on unexploded ordnance and contaminated media with the understanding that remaining waste streams will be considered as time permits. Contents of this report are as follows: executive summary; introduction; Military Munitions Waste Working Group charter; description of priority waste stream problems; shortcomings of existing approaches, processes and technologies; innovative approaches, processes and technologies, work force planning, training, and education issues relative to technology development and cleanup; criteria used to identify and screen potential demonstration projects; list of potential candidate demonstration projects for the DOIT committee decision/recommendation and appendices.

  16. The Soviet Turn Toward Conventional Force Reduction: The Internal Struggle and the Variables at Play

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-12-01

    military budget of 77.3 billion rubles, or about 9 per- cent of Soviet GNP as the latter is estimated by the U.S. govern - ’Statement was attributed to Col...continued to omit some categories of military spending from its depiction of the total military budget. The Soviet government has subsequently confirmed...0uSEWe Md idmtp k? Wbf* WNv) Military Forces (Foreign) USSR Military Force Levels 2W. ASTRACT (CosWw* - vwa I, neg M o..Wp kt- l byi~ We waum~eq See

  17. An Analysis of Messages About Tobacco in Military Installation Newspapers

    PubMed Central

    Haddock, C. Keith; Parker, L. Carrie; Taylor, Jennifer E.; Poston, Walker S.C.; Lando, Harry; Talcott, G. Wayne

    2005-01-01

    Objectives. We sought to gauge the relative attention that tobacco control receives in military newspapers by comparing coverage of tobacco use with that of other health topics of importance to the military. Methods. We examined tobacco-related articles and industry advertisements in 793 newspapers published during 1 year at 16 representative military installations (4 Air Force, 6 Army, 2 Marine, 4 Navy). Newspaper content was coded with a standardized coding manual developed through previous research. Results. Tobacco use received the fewest instances of coverage and the least print space in military installation newspapers of all the health topics examined. The primary “message frame” used in tobacco control articles was that smokers are putting themselves at health risk, a theme that has not been found to have a strong effect on smokers. Nearly 10% of the newspapers contained tobacco advertisements. Conclusions. Tobacco control messages are underrepresented in military installation newspapers compared with other health issues. Furthermore, military newspapers send mixed messages to military personnel by providing advertisements for tobacco while also claiming that tobacco use is harmful. PMID:16043672

  18. Responses of Raptorial Birds to Low Level Military Jets and Sonic Booms: Results of the 1980-1981 Joint U.S. Air Force-U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Study

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Ellis, D.H.

    1981-01-01

    Summary: For this study, we gathered several kinds of data to determine the likely effects of low level jets and sonic booms on nesting Peregrine Falcons and other raptors. We directly observed responses to worst case stimulus loads: responses to extremely frequent and extremely nearby jet aircraft were often minimal, seldom significant and never associated with reproductive failure. Likewise, responses to real and simulated sonic booms were often minimal and never productivity limiting. In addition to directly observing behavioral responses, in 1981 we invited jet passes at four Prairie Falcon eyries during courtship and incubation when the adults were most likely to abandon, on an ad libitum basis. All four eyries fledged young. Nesting success and site reoccupancy rates were high for all eyries. In tests of two relatively naive captive Peregrine Falcons, we failed to detect significantly negative responses. Typically the birds either quickly resumed feeding or other activities within a few seconds following a pass or boom. The female falcon repeatedly made hunting forays as jets swept overhead. From heart rate (HR) data taken via a telemetering egg during incubation at a wild Prairie Falcon eyrie, we determined that stimulus induced HR alterations were comparable to rate changes of the birds settling to incubate following flight. No significant long term responses were identified. The falcons successfully fledged two young even with the more disruptive activities associated with entering the eyrie three times to position and recover the telemetering eggs. Significantly, birds ofprey of several genera commonly nest in the supersonic military operations areas in southern Arizona. In addition, raptor eyries are frequently found at locations where low level jet traffic naturally concentrates. For example, Prairie Falcon Site 11 is directly on the approach path to strafing and bombing targets. Prairie Falcon Site 1 is in a narrow canyon through which A-10 aircraft

  19. Are Armed Forces infants more at risk than civilian infants?

    PubMed

    Yoong, S Y; Miles, D; McKinney, P A; Feltbower, R G; Spencer, N

    2000-09-01

    The aim of the present study is to compare the health status of Armed Forces and civilian infants, accounting for social class. In a prospective cohort study, demographic data were obtained from mothers of liveborn infants from 436 civilian and 162 Armed Forces families. Birth details were taken from hospital maternity and child health systems. A six month follow-up was completed by health visitors. Standard social class classification, based on occupation, was used for civilian families and a new equivalent scheme for military personnel. No significant differences were found between civilian and military infants for birthweight, prematurity and failure to thrive. Military infants had significantly more hospital admissions (P=0.015) and accident and emergency attendances (P=0.002) mainly accounted for by the 'manual' social classes of the Armed Forces. Infant health status of civilian and military babies did not differ overall. Increased uptake of hospital services by military families can be explained by local circumstances.

  20. Military space station implications. Study project

    SciTech Connect

    Bourne, G.D.; Skirvin, G.D.; Wilson, G.R.

    1987-03-23

    Justifying the relevancy of a Manned Military Space Station (MMSS) and subsequently proposing its deployment to capitalize upon the United States' national security interests is the essence and purpose of this group study project. The MMSS is intended to perform a two-fold purpose: (1) facilitate military peacetime operations while simultaneously supporting and promoting civilian space initiatives; and, (2) act as a force multiplier for space and terrestrial force operations in the event of conventional, theater nuclear, and/or strategic nuclear war. Data to support the future value of the MMSS was obtained from individual and group research using unclassified sources such as professional journals, books, US Air Force Staff College reference material, and information from the US Air Force space coordinating staff in Washington, DC. The importance of space to our future and especially of a MMSS by America's national leaders and its people has yet to be fully appreciated and/or realized. The significance of space and its nexus to the United States' national security has been growing dramatically in importance since the launching of the Sputnik in 1957 by Russian. Space, as the forth dimension, cannot and should not be understated in importance as it relates to commercialism, deterrence to war, and to the stability of world order.

  1. Air Force and Diversity: The Awkward Embrace

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-02-14

    implications for civil-military relations, with respect to political leadership and the broader civilian society. As former House Armed Services...there has been tension between military and civilian leadership. Increasing divergence in the attitudes of the Air Force and political leadership...female sailors (officers and enlisted). Eighty-two percent of survey participants who reached a retention decision while in the program elected to

  2. A content analysis of military commander messages about tobacco and other health issues in military installation newspapers: what do military commanders say about tobacco?

    PubMed

    Poston, Walker S C; Haddock, Christopher K; Jahnke, Sara A; Hyder, Melissa L; Jitnarin, Nattinee

    2015-06-01

    Military installation newspapers are a primary means used by military commanders to communicate information about topics important to military personnel including leadership, training issues, installation events, safety concerns, and vital health issues. We conducted a content analysis of military commanders' messages about health issues that were published in online military installation newspapers/newsfeeds. We identified a total of 75 publicly accessible installation newspapers/newsfeeds with commanders' messages (n = 39 Air Force, n = 19 Army, n = 7 Navy, n = 1 Marine, and n = 9 Joint Bases). Commander messages published from January 2012 to December 2012 were collected, screened, and coded. Coder inter-rater reliability was 98.9%. Among the 2,479 coded commanders' messages, 132 (5.3%) addressed a health topic as the primary focus. There were no significant differences between service branches in the percentage of health-oriented messages (χ(2) = 5.019, p = 0.285). The most commonly addressed health topics were exercise/fitness (23.5%), other mental health concerns (19.7%), alcohol/driving under the influence (13.6%), and suicide (12.1%). Tobacco use was directly addressed as a primary health aim in only two commanders' messages (1.5%). Health topics, and particularly tobacco-related content, are rarely written about by military commanders. The absence of tobacco-related health messages from line leadership contributes to the perception that tobacco control is a low priority.

  3. Military Individual Readiness (Etat de Preparation Militaire de L’Individu)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-01

    what was learned in military school (knowledge and skills). Weak methods are appropriate for ill-structured problems. For example, war gaming is taught...all retired or active employees from regular to reserve force, as well as the RCMP. The PFSS is made up of 3 operational divisions . The CF Exchange...Wainwright, Winnipeg , Yellowknife). The Military Family Resource Centres (National Defence and the Canadian Forces, 2009) provide CF members and families

  4. Learning to Leave. The Preeminence of Disengagement in US Military Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-01

    disengagement, end state and exit strategy. See also Hallenbeck, Military Force; and Martin and Walcott , Best Laid Plans. 72. Bame, Exit Strategy Myth...16; and Hallenbeck, Military Force, 28–30. 73. Martin and Walcott , Best Laid Plans, 93–94. 74. Bame, Exit Strategy Myth, 18. 75. Hammel, Root, 38. 76...Columbia University Press, 2004. BIBLIOGRAPHY 131 Martin, David C., and John Walcott . Best Laid Plans. New York: Harper and Row, 1988. McGrath, Roger

  5. The Soviet Union: Political and military trends

    SciTech Connect

    Pilat, J.F.; Garrity, P.J.

    1990-01-01

    On July 20, 1989, the Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) of the Los Alamos National Laboratory held a workshop on The Soviet Union: Political and Military Trends.'' The morning session was devoted to a discussion of the magnitude of the problems confronting the Soviet Union, the political and economic reforms designed to address those problems, and the repercussions of those reforms on Soviet foreign policy and defense spending. In the afternoon session, the Soviet view of the changing character of warfare, the technologies and force structures that the Soviets might develop and deploy to anticipate the battlefield of the future, and the role that conventional arms control might play in Soviet political and military strategy were examined.

  6. Psychiatric considerations in military aerospace medicine.

    PubMed

    Jones, D R; Marsh, R W

    2001-02-01

    Military aerospace medicine requires a psychiatric selection and certification process that determines not only the absence of significant mental disorders, but also the presence of positive qualities in the realms of motivation, ability and stability: not all normal people are fit to fly. Other issues of aerospace psychiatry involve maintenance of mental resilience and hardiness during a flying career, aeromedical decisions about when to remove from flight duties and when to return, criteria for waivers for psychiatric conditions, use of medications for treatment of psychiatric symptoms, questions of substance abuse, and research in such areas as genetics. This report reviews the basis for military aerospace psychiatry, primarily as practiced in the United States Air Force (USAF), and presents some of its underlying principles as they apply to clinical situations.

  7. Military parachute mishap fatalities: a retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Mellen, P F; Sohn, S S

    1990-12-01

    Military parachuting is relatively safe. Most injuries involve vertebral bodies or the lower extremity, and fatalities are rare. We studied 49 military parachute accident facilities occurring during 1964-1989. Causes of the accidents included accidental deployment of reserve parachute in aircraft, static line failures and entanglements, equipment (canopy) failures, in-air collisions, landing injuries, drowning, and dragging. Rarely, preexisting illness such as coronary artery disease caused or contributed to an accident. Pathologic findings revealed a high proportion of deceleration and blunt force injuries: cardiac, aortic and liver laceration, and skull, pelvic and extremity fractures. Isolated head injury, strangulation, and post traumatic pulmonary embolus were occasionally noted. Toxicological examination demonstrated contributing factors such as alcohol intoxication or antihistamine use in a small number of cases. Background investigations, scene inspections, autopsy and toxicology studies all yielded important data or pertinent negatives during investigations. We propose an investigation protocol.

  8. Aerospace and military

    SciTech Connect

    Adam, J.A.; Esch, K

    1990-01-01

    This article reviews military and aerospace developments of 1989. The Voyager spacecraft returned astounding imagery from Neptune, sophisticated sensors were launched to explore Venus and Jupiter, and another craft went into earth orbit to explore cosmic rays, while a huge telescope is to be launched early in 1990. The U.S. space shuttle redesign was completed and access to space has become no longer purely a governmental enterprise. In the military realm, events within the Soviet bloc, such as the Berlin Wall's destruction, have popularized arms control. Several big treaties could be signed within the year. Massive troop, equipment, and budget reductions are being considered, along with a halt or delay of major new weapons systems. For new missions, the U.S. military is retreating to its role of a century ago - patrolling the nation's borders, this time against narcotics traffickers.

  9. Committee on Military Nutrition Research

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    AD_________________ Award Number: DAMD17-99-1-9478 TITLE: COMMITTEE ON MILITARY NUTRITION ...COVERED (From - To) 01 Jun 99 – 31 Dec 06 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE COMMITTEE ON MILITARY NUTRITION RESEARCH 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER...report presents the activities of the National Academy of Sciences/Institute of Medicine’s Committee on Military Nutrition Research (CMNR) for the

  10. Academic and Military Instructional Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Branson, Robert K.

    This paper examines the practices and accomplishments of the military in the area of instructional technology. An examination of historical background is used to increase the precision of the definition of instructional technology. Specific contributions of the military are described and then uses of instructional technology in the military and…

  11. Advancing Military Professionalism in Africa

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-07-01

    costs for not having established strong professional militaries are high: persistent instability, chronic poverty , deterred investment, and stunted...attributes become the norm throughout the continent. Breaking the spiral of instability, poverty , and misgovernance depends on it. Advancing Military...officers. Lieutenant training included socialization (to become militarily minded ), armed combat training, and military education (understanding the

  12. Measuring Underemployment Among Military Spouses

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    widespread underemployment among military wives, this underemployment does not necessarily translate into dissatisfaction with the military...households (DMDC, 2004). Thus, a per- sistent lack of employment opportunity affects a spouse’s quality of life, and perennial dissatisfaction with...its own right, since wives’ dissatisfaction may translate into higher service member attrition from military service. The primary outcome of interest

  13. Success in Kashmir: a positive trend in civil-military integration during humanitarian assistance operations.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Wiley C

    2010-01-01

    The modern cast of disaster relief actors includes host nations, non-governmental organisations, private volunteer organisations, military organisations and others. Each group, civilian or military, has valuable skills and experiences critical to disaster relief work. The goal of this paper is to supplement the study of civil-military relief efforts with contemporary anecdotal experience. The paper examines the interaction between US military forces and other disaster relief actors during the 2005 Kashmir earthquake relief effort. The author uses direct observations made while working in Pakistan to contrast the relationships and activities from that effort with other accounts in prevailing scholarly disaster literature and military doctrine. Finally, this paper suggests that the Kashmir model of integration, coordination and transparency of intent creates a framework in which future humanitarian assistance operations could be successfully executed. Recommendations to improve civil-military interaction in future relief efforts will also be addressed.

  14. 78 FR 10608 - David Grant United States Air Force Medical Center Specialty Care Travel Reimbursement...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-14

    ... of the Secretary David Grant United States Air Force Medical Center Specialty Care Travel... States Air Force Medical Center Specialty Care Travel Reimbursement Demonstration Project. This... MTF, and sustain readiness-related medical skills activities for the military providers....

  15. Evaluating the Impacts of Technology Education on Military Maintenance Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Jeremy D.; Curtis, Christopher

    2010-01-01

    The United States Air Force (USAF) provides career and technical education (CTE) to a wide variety of specialty career fields. Training airmen to carry out the mission while honoring the USAF core values of integrity first, service before self, and excellence in all we do is the top priority of military leaders and trainers. Vehicle maintenance is…

  16. 32 CFR 538.4 - Convertibility of military payment certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Navy and Air Force disbursing officers and their agents. Major overseas commanders may specifically... areas where finance and accounting officers, Class “B” Agent Officers, including military attache agent officers, or exchange facilities are not readily available to the traveler. (b) The provisions of...

  17. 32 CFR 538.4 - Convertibility of military payment certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Navy and Air Force disbursing officers and their agents. Major overseas commanders may specifically... areas where finance and accounting officers, Class “B” Agent Officers, including military attache agent officers, or exchange facilities are not readily available to the traveler. (b) The provisions of...

  18. Military and Civilian Undergraduates: Attitudes toward Women, Masculinity, and Authoritarianism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kurpius, Sharon E. Robinson; Lucart, A. Leigh

    2000-01-01

    Surveyed students at the U.S. Naval Academy, U.S. Air Force Academy, Reserve Officer Training Corp, and a civilian university about attitudes toward gender roles and authoritarianism. Military students had the most traditional authoritarian beliefs and gender role attitudes, with Naval Academy males holding the most traditional attitudes toward…

  19. Military Recruiters Are Using and Abusing Our Kids

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayers, William

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses the military recruiting in high schools that has been a mainstay of the so-called all-volunteer armed forces from the start. High school kids are at an age when being a member of an identifiable group with a grand mission and a shared spirit--and never underestimate a distinctive uniform--is of exaggerated…

  20. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-02-15

    by command and control structures, enduring family support facilities, and strengthened force protection measures. Also called MOB . See also...and organizing personnel, supplies, and materiel. Also called MOB . (JP 4-05) mobilization base — The total of all resources available, or that can...memorandum of agreement; military operating area MOADS maneuver-oriented ammunition distribution system MOB main operating base; mobilization

  1. Joint Military Ethics: A Framework for the Future.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    a vain attempt to put out a forest that is burning to the ground. The military is currently undergoing an evolution in mission and force structure...severely hamper future operations. CHARACTER DEVELOPMENT "A man of character in peace will be a man of courage in war." - Lord Moron By most accounts

  2. How Military Service Affects Student Veteran Success at Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Rourke, Patrick C., Jr.

    2013-01-01

    Increasingly more service members are separating from the military as the United States draws down the force and moves towards a post-war era. Tens of thousands of these veterans will leverage their GI Bill tuition and housing benefits in an attempt to access Southern California community colleges and bolster their transition into mainstream…

  3. Mortality of first world war military personnel: comparison of two military cohorts

    PubMed Central

    Clement, Christine; Summers, Jennifer A; Bannister, John; Harper, Glyn

    2014-01-01

    Objective To identify the impact of the first world war on the lifespan of participating military personnel (including in veterans who survived the war). Design Comparison of two cohorts of military personnel, followed to death. Setting Military personnel leaving New Zealand to participate in the first world war. Participants From a dataset of the New Zealand Expeditionary Forces, we randomly selected participants who embarked on troopships in 1914 and a comparison non-combat cohort who departed on troopships in late 1918 (350 in each group). Main outcome measures Lifespan based on dates of birth and death from a range of sources (such as individual military files and an official database of birth and death records). Results A quarter of the 1914 cohort died during the war, with deaths from injury predominating (94%) over deaths from disease (6%). This cohort had a significantly shorter lifespan than the late 1918 “non-combat” cohort, with median ages of death being 65.9 versus 74.2, respectively (a difference of 8.3 years shown also in Kaplan-Meier survival curves, log rank P<0.001). The difference for the lifespan of veterans in the postwar period was more modest, with median ages of death being 72.6 versus 74.3, respectively (a difference of 1.7 years, log rank P=0.043). There was no evidence for differences between the cohorts in terms of occupational class, based on occupation at enlistment. Conclusions Military personnel going to the first world war in 1914 from New Zealand lost around eight years of life (relative to a comparable military cohort). In the postwar period they continued to have an increased risk of premature death. PMID:25516379

  4. How we teach military medicine to medical cadets at Phramongkutklao College of Medicine.

    PubMed

    Panichkul, Suthee; Rangsin, Ram; Aimpun, Pote; Mungthin, Mathirut; Pradubpongsa, Panitan; Heebthamai, Danai; Areekul, Wirote

    2009-02-01

    Phramongkutklao College of Medicine has a unique curriculum for "Military Medicine." Military Medicine involves prevention, threat assessment, evacuations and clinical management of diseases and injuries resulting from military occupational exposures. The Military Medicine curriculum covers all the entities of knowledge of Military Sciences, Combat Medical Skills, Military Preventive Medicine, Military Applied Physiology and Military Contingency Medicine. The highlight of the curriculum is "Operation Petcharavut" that represents simulated battlefield operations, involving multidisciplinary clinical integration and military regulation. In this course, medical cadets review all the knowledge that they have learnt and in addition, Medical Platoon leader strategies, Advanced Cardiac Life support and Phramongkutklao Traumatic Life support, crucial medical practices. Medical cadets would experience simulated patients with minimal injuries to critical wounds and complications including combat stress syndromes in various situations, from advancing to retreating units and from Battalion Aid Station to Division Medical Operations Center, whether during day or night. Since the medical cadets experience all Military Medicine courses from the second to the sixth year class and pass all medical knowledge-based examinations, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine expects all graduates to be excellent in not only all standard requirements of the medical professional set forth by the Medical Council of Thailand but also ready to serve the nation effectively in the Royal Thai Armed Forces.

  5. The influence of military service on auditory health and the efficacy of a Hearing Conservation Program.

    PubMed

    Muhr, Per; Rosenhall, Ulf

    2011-01-01

    The influence of military service on self-assessed hearing symptoms and measured auditory function was studied as well as the efficacy of the Hearing Conservation Program (HCP) of the Swedish Armed Forces. 839 conscripts were recruited for the study at reporting to military service. They were all exposed to noise over the risk-limits from weapons and vehicles and used earmuffs and/or earplugs. Questionnaires and pure tone screening audiometry were studied at the start and the end of the military service. Retrospective information regarding audiometry at conscription before military service was included as control. The prevalence values of tinnitus were 23% before and 32% after the service and of sensitivity to noise 16% and 19% respectively. The prevalence values of hearing impairment were 6.3% at conscription, 14.5% at reporting to military service, and 24% after the training period. The incidence values of hearing decline were 3.7% during the period with no military noise exposure and 6.6% during the military service. Acoustic accident increased the risk of worsened tinnitus and sensitivity to noise four times and for a high frequency hearing decline six times. We observed elevated prevalence values of tinnitus, sensitivity to noise and hearing impairment at discharge compared to before military service. We observed an elevated risk of hearing decline during military service. Acoustic accident increased the risk of tinnitus, noise sensitivity and hearing decline. We suggest improvements regarding inclusion criteria for military service, and for education regarding the HCP.

  6. Work/Family Attitudes of Dual Military Member Couples

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-04-01

    MilitarW familW statistics in its annual almanac. The Air Force began its own research after the 1980 appointment of the Assistant for Air Force...leveling off of the numbers of dual military member couples since 1983 ( after 12 years of rapid increase) may have something to do with the increasing...stability and internal consistency. However, after its first 2 years of use, Dansby (1M) examined the stability of factor construction through a series

  7. United States Special Operations Command Professional Military Education

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-01

    Force Management and Development Division; Gap Analysis; Formal Documents; Command and Staff College ; Admiral William H. McRaven; Senior Officers...ACSC Air Command and Staff College ARSOF Army Special Operations Forces CAC Combined Arms Center CGSC Command and General Staff College CJCS...Corps Command and Staff College MCU Marine Corps University MCWAR Marine Corps War College MMS Master’s of Military Science NCR National Capital

  8. LESSONS LEARNED, HEADQUARTERS, I FIELD FORCE VIETNAM ARTILLERY

    DTIC Science & Technology

    During the period 1 November 1967 through 31 January 1968, I Field Force Vietnam Artillery continued to support United States, Vietnamese, and Free...World Military Assistance Forces in II Corps Tactical Zone (CTZ). I Field Force Vietnam Artillery units, totaling two artillery groups, eleven

  9. Enlisted Force Management: Past Practices and Future Challenges

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-22

    overlunder POF Page 31 GAO/NSIAD-9148 Eilisted Force Managie ~met Chapter 3 DOD Enlisted Force Management Requirements Figure 3.10: Fiscal Year 1989 Army E...military pay and retirement benefits. A more senior force brings higher current compensation costs, greater "T’rhese result.’ were discussed in a July 30

  10. Understanding and preventing military suicide.

    PubMed

    Bryan, Craig J; Jennings, Keith W; Jobes, David A; Bradley, John C

    2012-01-01

    The continual rise in the U.S. military's suicide rate since 2004 is one of the most vexing issues currently facing military leaders, mental health professionals, and suicide experts. Despite considerable efforts to address this problem, however, suicide rates have not decreased. The authors consider possible reasons for this frustrating reality, and question common assumptions and approaches to military suicide prevention. They further argue that suicide prevention efforts that more explicitly embrace the military culture and implement evidence-based strategies across the full spectrum of prevention and treatment could improve success. Several recommendations for augmenting current efforts to prevent military suicide are proposed.

  11. Irregular Warfare. Air Force Doctrine Document 2-3

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-08-01

    often force US and coalition forces to mass, preventing smaller, less intrusive exposure to the civilian population. 13 The level of violence...involvement when required. These effects can be lethal or non-lethal. In addition, these effects can be sustained for a long period with less risk ...The minimal footprint of Air Force forces allows the application of military force with relatively little exposure to adversaries and populations

  12. Why Military History?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bunting, Josiah, III

    2008-01-01

    Interest in military history is as strong as it has ever been--except on American college campuses. Lt. Gen. Josiah Bunting III examines why today's undergraduates need to study the facts of war, and why knowing its causes and consequences remain a vital part of our common knowledge.

  13. Resilience among Military Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Easterbrooks, M. Ann; Ginsburg, Kenneth; Lerner, Richard M.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the authors present their approach to understanding resilience among military connected young people, and they discuss some of the gaps in their knowledge. They begin by defining resilience, and then present a theoretical model of how young people demonstrate resilient functioning. Next they consider some of the research on…

  14. Soviet Union, Military Affairs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    agency of the Soviet Union. Permission for further reproduction must be obtained from copyright owner. SOVIET UNION MILITARY AFFAIRS CONTENTS...internationalists, it has always embodied the inviolable friendship of the peoples of the USSR. But are some of us not hypnotized by this principle

  15. On Military Theory

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-07-01

    sciences and philosophies are based on dubious premises or are in fact pseudosciences. Modern military theory was heavily influenced by empiricism and...determinism. Empiricism is described as a logical process based on pursuing knowledge through observation and experiments. One can make sensible

  16. The Military Cooperation Group

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-12-01

    stay in their respective countries and continue to face their host nation contacts daily. For host nation relations , it may be more expedient to...NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA THESIS Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited THE MILITARY...THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK i REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for this

  17. Organization, Contents and Methods of Adult Vocational Education in Relation to Job Changes and the Acquisition of New Skills in the GDR. Studies in Technical and Vocational Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pogodda, Gerhard, Ed.; And Others

    Economic and social policies are at the core of the job development process in the German Democratic Republic. New jobs must be available before the process of transfer of labor is actually initiated by further education and training of the work force. The acceleration of the rate of technological innovation has caused a demand for job change…

  18. Childhood predictors of military fitness: a prospective, community-based, follow-up study from age 8 to age 18.

    PubMed

    Multimäki, Petteri; Sourander, Andre; Nikolakaros, Georgios; Helenius, Hans; Aronen, Eeva; Tamminen, Tuula; Kumpulainen, Kirsti; Moilanen, Irma; Piha, Jorma; Almqvist, Fredrik; Parkkola, Kai

    2008-02-01

    Knowledge of the impact of childhood psychosocial problems on success in military service is scarce. The purpose of the study was to assess whether childhood psychosocial problems are associated with suitability for military service. The subjects were 2,622 Finnish boys born in 1981. They were first assessed with the Rutter parent and teacher questionnaires and self-reports (Children's Depression Inventory) at age 8. Their suitability for military service was assessed at age 18. A wide range of childhood problems, especially internalizing disorders, predicted release from military service. All informants had predictive association with later suitability for military service. The majority of children with psychiatric problems were later estimated to be fit for military service. The results show a predictive association between childhood psychiatric problems and early adult psychosocial impairment, as estimated by the ability to serve in the military forces.

  19. Force Structure: Army’s Analyses of Aviation Alternatives

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-27

    Army’s Analyses of Aviation Alternatives In anticipation of budget and military end-strength reductions, the Army is undertaking an extensive effort...to reduce the size of its force and rebalance its combat aviation capabilities. In October 2013, the Army Chief of Staff approved a force-structure...proposal—called the Army Aviation Restructuring Initiative—that would cut approximately 10,700 military positions from the Army’s end strength by

  20. Incidence of Salmonella infections among service members of the active and reserve components of the U.S. Armed Forces and among other beneficiaries of the Military Health System, 2000-2013.

    PubMed

    Clark, Leslie L; Daniele, Denise O; O'Donnell, Francis L

    2015-01-01

    This report reviews the incidence of cases of typhoidal and non-typhoidal Salmonella infections based on diagnoses recorded in healthcare records and reported through the Armed Forces reportable medical event (RME) system. During 2000-2013, there were 1,815 incident cases of non-typhoidal Salmonella and 456 incident cases of typhoidal Salmonella diagnosed in the active component force. The crude incidence rate for non-typhoidal Salmonella was 0.91 cases per 10,000 person years (p-yrs) and the rate for typhoidal Salmonella was 0.23 cases per 10,000 p-yrs. Among retirees and family members, children under 5 years of age and those aged 75 years or older comprised the greatest number of non-typhoidal Salmonella cases. Preventive measures for reducing the risk of infection with Salmonella are discussed.

  1. Training and Organization of the U.S. Army Reserve Components: A reference Text for Total Force Trainers and a Guide to Other U.S. Military Services, 1988-1989

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-06-01

    Operations and Mobilization Directorate, ATTN: ATTG-P, Fort Monroe, Virginia 23651-5000. While this text is widely distributed within the Total Force, it...to: Director, Plans, Operations and Mobilization Directorate, ATTN: ATTG-P, Fort Monroe, Virginia 23651-5000. iL0 N, III Colon,1, U.S. Presi ent U.S...Programs/Requirements . . . 43 Unit Training . . . . *. . . . . * . . . . 47 Full-Time Assistance to RC . o . . . . 52 Mobilization . ............... 57

  2. To Determine if a Combined U.S. and Afghanistan Military-Civilian Counter-Narcotics Joint Task Force Should Be Created to Support the Fight Against Counterinsurgencies in the Afghan Theater of War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-10

    would like to thank Mr. Jonathan ―Mark‖ Williams , Staff Group Advisor (SGA) for Staff Group 24B. Without his ―rule number one‖ and expertise...The DoD also funded Technical Assistance Field Training Teams ( TAFT ) that continued their assistance in the training and readiness of both COLAR and...culture. The commander in charge of training the Afghan army into a force capable of taking over for coalition troops, Lt. Gen. William Caldwell, has

  3. Paddling permanent white water: managing within the paradigm shifts in military medicine.

    PubMed

    Brown, F W

    1994-09-01

    The challenges of managing military medicine over the last three decades have been complicated by rapidly changing priorities and redirections. Inspired by Kuhn's theory of "paradigm shifts," we can identify five distinct paradigms and four paradigm shifts that have dominated military medicine over the last 25 years. These shifts began in the early 1970s when military medicine was forced to make a transition from a focus on combat casualty care to the problems of becoming an all-volunteer force. These paradigm shifts continue in the form of the current challenges of simultaneously embracing new cost-conscious forms of health care delivery while downsizing the force. Each of the shifts has been characterized by a lack of anticipation and the onset of crisis. The present challenges faced by military medical leadership are not necessarily unprecedented; prescience in regard to inevitable future shifts could reduce turmoil and enhance adaptation.

  4. The Analysis of Soviet Military Manpower

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-12-01

    retrc &nforod In Block 20. If dliffore~t from Report) IS. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 19. KEY WORDS (Cont/tu.on r-o,er. *ld. If nocoo*ay ., d identify by block...30dm;ini.zr ,tive sciv nce jre2a as wý?il I s military m ,-nx-)w~r ra.Havinn such -a bi-,, armed force. thý_a Sovitot UnIrion rqonfmnirni 7, Lnow-rr...December 1984 Author:_ _ _ Approved by:__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ D . C. Daniel, ineslS Advisor . . wen on,- a- Isor Willis K. Greer, j

  5. Politico-Military Relations, a Basis for Military Interaction between Argentina and the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-15

    POLITICO -MILITARY RELATIONS, A BASIS FOR MILITARY INTERACTION BETWEEN ARGENTINA AND THE UNITED STATES N IN w Fn STRATEGY AND CAMPAIGN DEPARTMENT...FUNDING NUMBERS PROGRAM PROJECT TASK WORK UNIT ELEMENT NO NO NO ACCESSION NO 11 TITLE (Include Security Classificationi Politico -Military Relations, A...America. Politico -Military relations. civil-military relations, military coups. military to military relations. South American democracy -con- 𔄃

  6. Avoiding a Hollow Force: Force Planning with Any Budget

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-30

    directly affects the likelihood of successfully achieving that end state . An increase in risk will equate to a decrease in the likelihood of...SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14.ABSTRACT The United States military has experienced a predictable cycle in force structure development that leads to a "hollow...2. REPORT TYPE. State the type of report, such as final, technical, interim, memorandum, master’s thesis, progress, quarterly, research, special

  7. Force Structure: Preliminary Observations on Air Force A-10 Divestment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-25

    disclosure . Therefore, this report omits certain information about military plans or operations, vulnerabilities or capabilities of systems or...Special Operations Command; Headquarters Air Force (A3, A5, A8, A9, and Financial Management); Air Combat Command (A3, A4, A5, and A8); Army (G-3/5/7 and...copyrighted images or other material , permission from the copyright holder may be necessary if you wish to reproduce this material separately. Page 9

  8. "I Serve 2": Meeting the needs of military children in civilian practice.

    PubMed

    Rossiter, Alicia Gill; Dumas, Mary Anne; Wilmoth, Margaret C; Patrician, Patricia A

    2016-01-01

    The American Academy of Nursing launched the "Have You Ever Served in the Military?" campaign in 2013 in conjunction with the Joining Forces campaign spearheaded by First Lady Michelle Obama and Dr. Jill Biden. The "Have You Ever Served in the Military?" campaign provides guidance and resources for nurses outside the Military Health System and Veterans Health Administration where upwards of 80% of veterans receive care. However, most military personnel do not serve alone. More than half of the 2.2 million active duty, National Guard, and Reserve service members currently serving in the armed forces have families and many military children experience stress and anxiety secondary to parental military service. Although strides have been made to improve identification and treatment of the visible and invisible wounds of war for service members, little to no information exists regarding the impact parental service has on the physical, psychological, and behavioral health of military children. In addition, there is no mechanism in place to identify military children in civilian practice nor resources providing evidence-based best practices when caring for these children.

  9. Innovating to integrate the intangibles into the learning Air Force.

    PubMed

    Hazen, Benjamin T; Weigel, Fred K; Overstreet, Robert E

    2014-01-01

    United States federal law and other regulations require the US military services to provide professional military education to their forces. Meeting that requirement will become increasingly difficult with the absence of a federal government budget, significant cuts to defense spending, and expected future cuts to both defense spending and manpower. Additionally, the operations tempo remains high despite the withdrawal of troops from Iraq and the planned withdrawal from Afghanistan. The resulting time and budget constraints will likely make it more difficult for the services to provide every member with the opportunity to compete for positions in coveted in-residence professional military education programs. Thus, the Air Force is considering a new lifetime learning approach to professional military education. As the Air Force seeks to develop its new paradigm, we must understand what benefits of the current system should be retained and what drawbacks should be allayed. Unfortunately, there is little research in this area. We content analyze data collected from Air Force officers attending in-residence professional military education, synthesize our findings with education and technology literature, and suggest innovative technologies that can maximize the intangible benefits and minimize the drawbacks of professional military education. The blended approach we present can create a richer, more meaningful learning experience for the service member, while simultaneously lowering the cost per member and providing greater opportunity to attend in-residence professional military education.

  10. The Shrinking U. S. Military. What To Do with the Excess Equipment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-07-01

    force downsizing , specifically as a resource for any force expansion that may be required within the next ten years or so. Once decisions are reached...modem as the total force is downsized . The Air Force position with respect to these aircraft is that their principal use will be for foreign military...issue is the erosion of the workforce skill base. In some cases, the inventory of skilled workers may decline as a result of layoffs , retirements, etc

  11. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  12. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  13. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  14. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  15. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  16. Hybrid Warfare: A Military Revolution or Revolution in Military Affairs?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-14

    4MacGregor Knox and Williamson Murray, eds., The Dynamics of Military Revolution 1300-2050 (Cambridge: Cambridge... Dynamics of Military Revolution 1300-2050.12 A case study helps compare the extrapolation of the analysis and synthesis of their writings on MR to...affairs as defined by Knox and Murray in their book The Dynamics of Military Revolution, 1300-2050. 37 Professors Knox and Murray, provide a conceptual

  17. ENLISTED MEN SEPARATING FROM THE MILITARY SERVICE AS A POTENTIAL SOURCE OF TEACHERS FOR VOCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL SCHOOLS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HENSEL, JAMES W.; AND OTHERS

    THE PRIMARY PURPOSE OF THE STUDY WAS TO DETERMINE WHETHER THE MILITARY SERVICES OFFERED A POTENTIAL SOURCE FOR VOCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL TEACHERS. MILITARY OFFICIALS DESIGNATED ONE ARMY, ONE NAVY, AND ONE AIR FORCE BASE WHICH REPRESENTED A TYPICAL SEPARATION CENTER FOR EACH PARTICULAR SERVICE. A QUESTIONNAIRE, ADMINISTERED BY DESIGNATED BASE…

  18. Mechanisms of Risk and Resilience in Military Families: Theoretical and Empirical Basis of a Family-Focused Resilience Enhancement Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saltzman, William R.; Lester, Patricia; Beardslee, William R.; Layne, Christopher M.; Woodward, Kirsten; Nash, William P.

    2011-01-01

    Recent studies have confirmed that repeated wartime deployment of a parent exacts a toll on military children and families and that the quality and functionality of familial relations is linked to force preservation and readiness. As a result, family-centered care has increasingly become a priority across the military health system. FOCUS…

  19. Incidence of Campylobacter infections among service members of the active and reserve components of the U.S. Armed Forces and among other beneficiaries of the Military Health System, 2000-2013.

    PubMed

    2014-12-01

    This report reviews the incidence of illness due to Campylobacter bacteria based on diagnoses recorded in healthcare records and reported through the Armed Forces reportable medical event (RME) system. During 2000-2013, incident cases of Campylobacter infection were diagnosed in 1,393 active component service members, 188 members of the reserve component, and 3,891 retirees and family members. Among members of the active component, incidence rates tended to be higher among females, those aged 40 years or older, members of the Army and Air Force, and offi cers. Incidence rates declined from 2002 through 2007 but have risen steadily since, especially from 2010 through 2013. Among retirees and family members, the highest numbers of cases were diagnosed among those aged 5 years or younger and those aged 75 years or older. Cases identifi ed through RME reports (n=2,938) showed the highest numbers of cases in May-August, especially July, and that cases reported from Fort Shafter, HI, accounted for 20% of all cases. Measures and precautions important in preventing Campylobacter infections as well as other food- and waterborne infections are discussed.

  20. The Professional Military Ethic

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-14

    114 I employ violence only when necessary to protect the innocent .........................114 I target only the hostile, taking...man of character already possesses a fair understanding of the morality of interpersonal violence prior to entering the military, the logic of...interpersonal violence is inadequate to reveal moral obligations in an environment of conflict wherein one is acting as a professional representative of a

  1. Selection of Military Advisors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    this thesis will focus on the methods for selecting the best military personnel for advisor tasks. In doing so, specific qualities , capabilities...attract and keep the best personnel for subsequent advisory requirements. Finally, this document will analyze the quality and suitability of advisor...2006, p. 5-2. 5 study in its own right . Lastly, this thesis relies heavily on current published counterinsurgency doctrine since many aspects of

  2. Military display performance parameters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Desjardins, Daniel D.; Meyer, Frederick

    2012-06-01

    The military display market is analyzed in terms of four of its segments: avionics, vetronics, dismounted soldier, and command and control. Requirements are summarized for a number of technology-driving parameters, to include luminance, night vision imaging system compatibility, gray levels, resolution, dimming range, viewing angle, video capability, altitude, temperature, shock and vibration, etc., for direct-view and virtual-view displays in cockpits and crew stations. Technical specifications are discussed for selected programs.

  3. USSR Report Military Affairs.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Problems in Construction 20 - a - Future Warrant Officers Denied Practical Training 21 Incompatibility of Video Components Prevents Use, by N...Incompatibility of Video Components Prevents Use Moscow KRASNAYA ZVEZDA in Russian 24 Aug 86 p 2 [Letter from Gds WO N. Bolsunovskiy, Red Banner Kiev...Military District, under the rubric "Letters to the Editor": "The ’ Video ’ Does Not See"] [Text] Respected editor! Our unit has received an

  4. Military Suicide Research Consortium

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-10-01

    Annual Report YR3 Gutierrez, P. M. (in press). Suicide Risk among Lesbian, Gay , Bisexual, and Transgender Military Personnel and Veterans: What...eating in heterosexual and gay college students. Body Image, 8, 232-236. 16. Smith, A., Li, N., & Joiner, T. (2011). The pursuit of success: Can...individuals by variation in the promoter region of the serotonin transporter gene . Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 20, 794-806. 20. Pettit, J

  5. Military Suicide Research Consortium

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-01

    21 ( DASS - 21 ): Further examination of dimensions, scale reliability, and correlates. Journal of Clinical Psychology. York, J., Lamis, D. A...Consortium will warehouse knowledge about suicidal behavior in general (e.g., from civilian and international sources as well as from military sources), so...reports (months 15, 18, 21 , 24) • The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th quarter reports were prepared and distributed on time. Task 10. Continue to refine

  6. USSR Report, Military Affairs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    praporshchiki] and officers bade farewell to the colors. I am sure that these instants when they pressed down to the crimson silk of the sacred military...clarify the results of the last firing in the battalion. According to the headquarters training data , those who were not at the exercise achieved...television camera, artificially developed target data is photographed and superimposed on a real air situation pre-recorded on videotape. In a matter of

  7. Military Pay Comparability

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-04-01

    for promotions and for pay based on ability. Also included in this idea is one of equal pay for basically equal work. Thus, the sub-principle of...Report established for the first time the idea that pay within the services for basically equal jobs should be the same and that the pay should be...foundation for legislation creating the first idea of 4 P "regular military compensation" (basic pay , subsistence allowance and quarters allowance) as a

  8. Military Review: Leadership

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-05-01

    development this, the proponent defines the life-cycle model techn:ques, and advances in our ability todefine. to be tollowed. prect,,e, the SKAs...amnns, we nust population through the Civilian Integration continue to provide leaders the critical experi- into the Personnel Proponent System ( CIPPS ... model is not easy. Demonstrating 32 May 1991 e MILITARY REVIEW - BECKCETAMD NORTH uncompromising integrity, inculcating values But accomplishing the

  9. USSR Report, Military Affairs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    and leading seaman and honor student. The brothers Giya and Guliver Nikolaishvili of Sukhumi, Dato Metreveli of Kutaisi, who is at the Kiev higher...policy is closely related to its domestic and foreign policy and the strategy of accelerating social and economic development based on scientific...and special informational publications and become acquainted with patent materials. There is yet one more important concept in our military lexicon

  10. Soviet Military Power 1990

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-01-01

    deployed in both a fixed and mobile ver- Kremlin should cease its massive military aid rrograms. sion. the mobile SS-25, and the new version of the...Libya. Angola, Vict- ability of mobile systems, coupled with greater yield and nam, Syria, and especially Cuba, which is only 90 miles accuracy of the...of severe repression in Poland, Moscow also deployed SS-20 intermediate-range mobile nuclear missiles that These apparent contradictions in Soviet

  11. Rebalancing the Military Profession

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-17

    of individual officers than the traditional ethics .”3 The authors contend this primacy of careerism over selfless service began during World War II...states the military officer, by virtue of being a professional with an oath of office and a code of ethics , is granted the moral autonomy to openly...War College on 18 April 1970, to analyze “the state of discipline, integrity, morality, ethics , and professionalism in the Army.”32 This

  12. [The 175th anniversary of the District Military Clinical Hospital of the Leningrad Military District].

    PubMed

    Liutov, V V

    2010-09-01

    For 175 years a hospital made a great contribution to the development of national health care, gaining a wealth experience in high quality health care for the soldiers. Especially the biggest merit was made by the hospital during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, when 82% of the wounded soldiers ware returned for further service. The hospital was glorified by famous medical scientists of XIX-XX-centuries, such as: V. Bekhterev, R. Wreden, N. Sklifosovsky, P. Kupriyanov, N. Petrov and others. Currently, the hospital takes a worthy place among the best military medical agencies of Russian Armed Forces. The hospital is equipped with modern medical equipment. There work highly qualified personnel: 17 distinguished doctors of the Russian Federation, 2 doctors and 27 candidates of medical sciences. In practice the hospital successfully uses achievements of the leading Russian military medical facilities. The staff treat with care historical traditions of the hospital.

  13. [Civilian-military coordination].

    PubMed

    de Montravel, G

    2002-01-01

    Current humanitarian emergencies create complex, mutidimensional situations that stimulate simultaneous responses from a wide variety of sources including governments, non-governmental organizations (NGO), United Nations agencies, and private individuals. As a result, it has become essential to establish a coherent framework in which each actor can contribute promptly and effectively to the overall effort. This is the role of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Regardless of the circumstances and level of coordination, cooperation and collaboration between humanitarian and military personnel, it is necessary to bear in mind their objectives. The purpose of humanitarian action is to reduce human suffering. The purpose of military intervention is to stop warfare. The author of this article will discuss the three major obstacles to civilian-military coordination (strategic, tactical, and operational). Operations cannot be conducted smoothly and differences cannot be ironed out without mutual respect between the two parties, an explicit definition of their respective duties and responsibilities, a clear understanding of their cultural differences, and the presence of an organization and facilities for coordination and arbitrage by a neutral referee.

  14. Military Healthcare Battlefield Immunity.

    PubMed

    Kelly, J C

    2012-12-01

    The combatant soldier on the battlefield remains protected from any claim in negligence by the doctrine of combat immunity for any negligent act or omission they may make when fighting. In other words, the combatant soldier does not owe a fellow soldier a duty of care on the battlefield, as the duty of care is non-justiciable. However, the non-combatant Military Healthcare Professional, although sometimes operating in the same hostile circumstances as the fighting soldier, is unlikely to benefit from combat immunity for any clinical negligence on the battlefield. This is because they continue to owe their patient a duty of care, although this has not been tested in the courts. This paper considers if any military healthcare professional could ever benefit from combat immunity, which is unlikely due to their non-combatant status. Instead, this paper suggests that a modified form of immunity; namely, Military Healthcare Battlefield Immunity could be a new, unique and viable doctrine, however, this could only be granted in rare circumstances and to a much lesser degree than combat immunity.

  15. Triage in military settings.

    PubMed

    Falzone, E; Pasquier, P; Hoffmann, C; Barbier, O; Boutonnet, M; Salvadori, A; Jarrassier, A; Renner, J; Malgras, B; Mérat, S

    2017-02-01

    Triage, a medical term derived from the French word "trier", is the practical process of sorting casualties to rationally allocate limited resources. In combat settings with limited medical resources and long transportation times, triage is challenging since the objectives are to avoid overcrowding medical treatment facilities while saving a maximum of soldiers and to get as many of them back into action as possible. The new face of modern warfare, asymmetric and non-conventional, has led to the integrative evolution of triage into the theatre of operations. This article defines different triage scores and algorithms currently implemented in military settings. The discrepancies associated with these military triage systems are highlighted. The assessment of combat casualty severity requires several scores and each nation adopts different systems for triage on the battlefield with the same aim of quickly identifying those combat casualties requiring lifesaving and damage control resuscitation procedures. Other areas of interest for triage in military settings are discussed, including predicting the need for massive transfusion, haemodynamic parameters and ultrasound exploration.

  16. [Morbidity in draft military personnel].

    PubMed

    Mukhametzhanov, A M; Smagulov, N K

    2015-01-01

    Military service activity appeared to influence health state of military personnel. Body strain at initial stages of the service, connected with stress situation, affects general body resistance and manifests in higher general morbidity level with transitory disablement that decreases with adaptation. Based on normalized intensity parameters, the equation enables to ease a procedure of evaluation and forecast of transitory disablement morbidity in draft military personnel.

  17. Benefits for Military Veterans with ALS

    MedlinePlus

    ... Advocate Get Involved Donate Military Veterans Resources for Military Veterans, Families & Survivors The ALS Association is working everyday to ... and Caregivers Newly Diagnosed Clinical Trials Familial ALS Military Veterans For Caregivers Resources Read stories ... Site ...

  18. Molecular characterization of adenoviruses among finnish military conscripts.

    PubMed

    Mölsä, Markos; Hemmilä, Heidi; Rönkkö, Esa; Virkki, Maria; Nikkari, Simo; Ziegler, Thedi

    2016-04-01

    Although adenoviruses were identified as important respiratory pathogens many years ago, little information is available concerning the prevalence of different adenovirus serotypes, which are circulating and causing epidemics in Finnish military training centers. Over a period of five years from 2008 to 2012, 3577 respiratory specimens were collected from military conscripts presenting with symptoms compatible with acute respiratory tract infection. Upon initial testing for certain respiratory viruses by real-time PCR, 837 of these specimens were identified as adenovirus-positive. For 672 of these specimens, the serotype of the adenovirus responsible was successfully determined by DNA sequencing. Serotypes 1, 2, 3, and 4 were detected in 1, 3, 181, and 487 samples, respectively. Adenovirus epidemics were observed during each year of this study. Based on these findings, adenovirus vaccination should be considered for military conscripts in the Finnish Defence Forces.

  19. Operation United Assistance: infectious disease threats to deployed military personnel.

    PubMed

    Murray, Clinton K; Yun, Heather C; Markelz, Ana Elizabeth; Okulicz, Jason F; Vento, Todd J; Burgess, Timothy H; Cardile, Anthony P; Miller, R Scott

    2015-06-01

    As part of the international response to control the recent Ebola outbreak in West Africa, the Department of Defense has deployed military personnel to train Liberians to manage the disease and build treatment units and a hospital for health care volunteers. These steps have assisted in providing a robust medical system and augment Ebola diagnostic capability within the affected nations. In order to prepare for the deployment of U.S. military personnel, the infectious disease risks of the regions must be determined. This evaluation allows for the establishment of appropriate force health protection posture for personnel while deployed, as well as management plans for illnesses presenting after redeployment. Our objective was to detail the epidemiology and infectious disease risks for military personnel in West Africa, particularly for Liberia, along with lessons learned from prior deployments.

  20. Military History for the Military Professional

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1972-01-01

    i t s f o u n d e m p l o y m e n t- t h e i r advan tages a n d disadvantages in terms of discipline, morale , efficiency-as well as the...like Warner Sombart, Lewis Mumford, F. W. Nietzsche and Stanislav Andreski have stressed the positive force of war in societal and technological