Science.gov

Sample records for military forces gdr

  1. Military Forces in Transition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    families of military professionals withdrawn from East- em Europe are living in hostels , prefabricated barracks, or tents. In some cases, conscripts...Technological Capabilities: USSR/US Semiconductor Materials and Microelectronic C ircuils Software Producibility Parallel Computer Architectures ^ r...underground leadership bunker adjacent to Moscow State University . These fa- cilities are intended for the national command authority in wartime

  2. Children in the GDR.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1979

    The four chapters of this book and the many accompanying color photographs describe and portray comprehensive programs of socialist education provided for children in the German Democratic Republic (GDR). The introduction indicates the scope of educational objectives within national and international contexts. The first chapter of the book…

  3. Children in the GDR.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1979

    The four chapters of this book and the many accompanying color photographs describe and portray comprehensive programs of socialist education provided for children in the German Democratic Republic (GDR). The introduction indicates the scope of educational objectives within national and international contexts. The first chapter of the book…

  4. NATO's military strategy and forces. Student report

    SciTech Connect

    Christensen, J.L.

    1988-04-01

    This paper analyzes NATO's military objectives and the strategy employed to accomplish those objectives. It also looks at the components of this strategy: Forward Defense and Follow on Forces Attack. The main body of the paper is an analysis of NATO's military forces including their nuclear and conventional forces. This analysis looks at the deployment of the air, land, and ground forces and details their strengths and weaknesses. Included in this study are C3I assets and logistics. Finally, the study makes some recommendations to improve NATO's warfighting ability.

  5. Military Modernization and the Russian Ground Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    role in shaping Russian society. The military, indeed, saw itself as a force for social good. There was a sense that all young Russian men should...experience conscript service as a means of creating a sense of na- tional pride. Previously, in Soviet times, the military had been the only state...institution that could develop in young men, from Lithuania to Kyrgyzstan, and from Novaya Zemlya to Sakhalin, a sense of ”sovietness,” of nationhood

  6. Noroviruses: a challenge for military forces.

    PubMed

    Delacour, H; Dubrous, P; Koeck, J L

    2010-12-01

    For military forces, the control of infectious acute gastroenteritis constitutes an old, constant and unsolved concern. Recent epidemiological studies suggest that the common bacterial causes are being overtaken by viruses. Norviruses are the most alarming group and norovirus outbreaks in military forces are regularly reported. Illness is generally mild and characterised by acute vomiting and diarrhoea, which lasts for a few days on average, but may be severe and potentially life-threatening in subjects who are already dehydrated due to daily activity. Moreover, outbreaks may diminish operational effectiveness. Prevention of norovirus infection currently relies on strict application of personal and collective hygiene rules including isolation of the cases, to the greatest possible extent. Although noroviruses are frequently mentioned as the cause of gastroenteritis outbreaks in troops deployed overseas, laboratory diagnosis is rarely done. So their real burden in military forces remains unclear and further epidemiological studies are required to determine the full impact of norovirus gastroenteritis on troops.

  7. Military Review: Training the Force.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    sin our- tmat eapnnon sto coff the for that the woridat next mori aocfne fustiure bcretaiellc ads ronflit asou ton techooy wudiFos nhis arie widns...with newly released animosities fragmenting by a newly tyrannical Gorbachev or by military the grand coalition of Americans, East Asians , and rule...and now be- bility that a new ideology will challenge democratic tween Russians and Central Asians . . . " He capitalism. He contends that, "One may

  8. 32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Air Force military real property. 644.327... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Disposal Procedure for Placing Real Property in Excess Status § 644.327 Air Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the...

  9. 32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Air Force military real property. 644.327 Section... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Disposal Procedure for Placing Real Property in Excess Status § 644.327 Air Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the...

  10. 32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Air Force military real property. 644.327 Section... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Disposal Procedure for Placing Real Property in Excess Status § 644.327 Air Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the...

  11. 32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Air Force military real property. 644.327 Section 644.327 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) REAL... Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the Air...

  12. 32 CFR 644.327 - Air Force military real property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Air Force military real property. 644.327 Section 644.327 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) REAL... Force military real property. Military real property under the control of the Department of the Air...

  13. Site Plan: Real Estate, Custer Reserve Forces Training Area, Military ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Site Plan: Real Estate, Custer Reserve Forces Training Area, Military Reservation, USACOE, 20 July 1948 - Fort Custer Military Reservation, Bounded by Territorial, Dickman, & Longman Roads & Route 94 Business, Battle Creek, Calhoun County, MI

  14. 26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of... § 301.7701-8 Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States. The term “military or naval forces of the United States” and the term “Armed Forces of the United States” each includes all...

  15. Military Expenditure, Force Potential, and Relative Military Power.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    of Abraham Becker. Without his contribution this project would not have been possible. I also wish to thank Abram Bergson and Mark Hopkins for their...estimated by Abram Bergson .’" His estimate must be adjusted to 1970 prices. Beginning with the 1955 estimates indicated above, the growth rates associated...levels of gross investment, a high estimate of military capital for 1967 is 241.1 billion rubles. The low estimate obtained by w’See Abram Bergson . The

  16. Collectivity in Light Nuclei and the GDR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maj, A.; Styczeń, J.; Kmiecik, M.; Bednarczyk, P.; Brekiesz, M.; GrȨBOSZ, J.; Lach, M.; MȨCZYŃSKI, W.; ZiȨBLIŃSKI, M.; Zuber, K.; Bracco, A.; Camera, F.; Benzoni, G.; Leoni, S.; Million, B.; Wieland, O.

    2005-03-01

    The results are presented from the experiments using the EUROBALL and RFD/HECTOR arrays, concerning various aspects of collectivity in light nuclei. A superdeformed band in 42Ca was found. A comparison of the GDR line shape data with the predictions of the thermal shape fluctuation model, based on the most recent rotating liquid drop LSD calculations, shows evidence for a Jacobi shape transition in hot, rapidly rotating 46Ti and strong Coriolis effects in the GDR strength function. The preferential feeding of the SD band in 42Ca by the GDR low energy component was observed

  17. Report Task Force on Women in the Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-01-01

    Continue on reverse if ne,:essary and identify by block nui wer) FIELD GROUP SUB-GROUP Military Personnel, Women in the Military, 4B&R, Armed Forces, Sexual ...Women in the Services A. Approach .......................... ............ .... B. Sexual Harassment ............................... 1 C. Quality of...Similarly, Defense policy is specific with regard to respect for women insofar as attitudes or actions constituting sexual harassment are concerzned

  18. Educating the Military Work Force: A Worldwide Initiative.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Donald W.; Saltman, Lenore E.

    1989-01-01

    The Department of Defense, in cooperation with a number of colleges and universities, offers a variety of higher education opportunities to military personnel: the Community College of the Air Force, the Army and Navy's Servicemembers Opportunity Colleges, and Defense Activity for Nontraditional Education Support (DANTES). (SK)

  19. Personnel Security during Joint Operations with Foreign Military Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-01

    this article. Princi- pally among these is the desire to keep one’s family together in a safe, stable home. A closer look at the perpetrators of...military personnel overseas, the US Air Force’s security forces are well suited to aid in de- veloping an advanced training module (fig. 6).25 Those

  20. The Changing Composition of the Military and the Effect on Labor Force Data.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sider, Hal; Cole, Cheryl

    1984-01-01

    Examines some of the changes in the military that have resulted from the all-volunteer armed forces. Compares labor force data that include the military with traditional statistics that measure the civilian labor market. (SK)

  1. Selected Soviet Military Translations (Air Force and Civil Defense Materials),

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1960-06-24

    34* -■»•■"-.^*" JPRS: 3439 CSO: 2800-D/15 SELECTED SOVIET.MILITARY TRANSLATIONS ■ (Air Force and Civil Defense Materials) THE SCHOOL AND LIFE (Following is a...10 March I960, page 271 ON STRENGTHENING; THE TIES BETWEEN THEORY AND PRACTICE School and life’. Those are the two indivisible concepts* Close...Aviation Military School is exerting efforts to ensure a high quality of training and,indoctrination of t-e.students and steady improvement of the

  2. Military Retirement. Dream or Dilemma for Air Force Chaplains

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-02-01

    early, shop around, get a program that fits your present needs and your future dreams ." " ’Get into the housing market. Learn skills in CDIs that are...a.. ·o (.,) L.LJ __, -u.. ~ AIR WAR COI.I.EGE RESEARCH REPORT No. AU-AWC-83-161 ~ MILITARY RETIREMENT: {’- ~ DREAM OR DILEMMA FOR ~ FORCE...3. RECIPIENT’S CATALOG NUMBER AU-AWC-83-161I 4. TITLE (aid Subtitle) S TYPE OF REPORT & PERIOD COVERED Military Retirement: Dream or Dilemma for Air

  3. The effect of military load carriage on ground reaction forces.

    PubMed

    Birrell, Stewart A; Hooper, Robin H; Haslam, Roger A

    2007-10-01

    Load carriage is an inevitable part of military life both during training and operations. Loads carried are frequently as high as 60% bodyweight, and this increases injury risk. In the military, load is carried in a backpack (also referred to as a Bergen) and webbing, these combined form a load carriage system (LCS). A substantial body of literature exists recording the physiological effects of load carriage; less is available regarding the biomechanics. Previous biomechanical studies have generally been restricted to loads of 20% and 40% of bodyweight, usually carried in the backpack alone. The effect of rifle carriage on gait has also received little or no attention in the published literature. This is despite military personnel almost always carrying a rifle during load carriage. In this study, 15 male participants completed 8 conditions: military boot, rifle, webbing 8 and 16 kg, backpack 16 kg and LCS 24, 32 and 40 kg. Results showed that load added in 8 kg increments elicited a proportional increase in vertical and anteroposterior ground reaction force (GRF) parameters. Rifle carriage significantly increased the impact peak and mediolateral impulse compared to the boot condition. These effects may be the result of changes to the vertical and horizontal position of the body's centre of mass, caused by the restriction of natural arm swing patterns. Increased GRFs, particularly in the vertical axis, have been positively linked to overuse injuries. Therefore, the biomechanical analysis of load carriage is important in aiding our understanding of injuries associated with military load carriage.

  4. Military social work in the South African National Defence Force.

    PubMed

    Kruger, A; Van Breda, A D

    2001-11-01

    The transformation of the South African National Defence Force has prompted a critical reassessment of the Directorate of Social Work. As a result, the directorate realized the need for a formal business plan to align the profession strategically with the core business of the military system. After completion of the business plan, the need for a unique military social work practice model was identified. Such a model should present social workers with a strategy for the achievement of the goals and objectives of the business plan. The practice model rests on two key concepts: binocular vision and practice positions. Since the onset of the transformation process in the South African National Defence Force, these two documents have reflected the changing milieu within which social work is practiced. The main concepts of these documents are presented.

  5. 48 CFR 37.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Services of quasi-military... quasi-military armed forces. Contracts with Pinkerton Detective Agencies or similar organizations are...-military armed forces for hire, or with their employees, regardless of the contract's character....

  6. 48 CFR 552.237-72 - Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Quasi-Military Armed Forces.â 552.237-72 Section 552.237-72 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... Provisions and Clauses 552.237-72 Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.” As prescribed in 537.110(b), insert the following clause: Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces” (SEP...

  7. 48 CFR 37.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Services of quasi-military... quasi-military armed forces. Contracts with Pinkerton Detective Agencies or similar organizations are...-military armed forces for hire, or with their employees, regardless of the contract's character....

  8. 48 CFR 552.237-72 - Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Quasi-Military Armed Forces.â 552.237-72 Section 552.237-72 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... Provisions and Clauses 552.237-72 Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.” As prescribed in 537.110(b), insert the following clause: Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces” (SEP...

  9. 48 CFR 552.237-72 - Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Quasi-Military Armed Forces.â 552.237-72 Section 552.237-72 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... Provisions and Clauses 552.237-72 Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.” As prescribed in 537.110(b), insert the following clause: Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces” (SEP...

  10. 48 CFR 37.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Services of quasi-military... quasi-military armed forces. Contracts with Pinkerton Detective Agencies or similar organizations are...-military armed forces for hire, or with their employees, regardless of the contract's character. An...

  11. 48 CFR 37.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Services of quasi-military... quasi-military armed forces. Contracts with Pinkerton Detective Agencies or similar organizations are...-military armed forces for hire, or with their employees, regardless of the contract's character. An...

  12. 48 CFR 552.237-72 - Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Quasi-Military Armed Forces.â 552.237-72 Section 552.237-72 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... Provisions and Clauses 552.237-72 Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.” As prescribed in 537.110(b), insert the following clause: Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces” (SEP 1999...

  13. 48 CFR 552.237-72 - Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Quasi-Military Armed Forces.â 552.237-72 Section 552.237-72 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... Provisions and Clauses 552.237-72 Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces.” As prescribed in 537.110(b), insert the following clause: Prohibition Regarding “Quasi-Military Armed Forces” (SEP 1999...

  14. Total force fitness: the military family fitness model.

    PubMed

    Bowles, Stephen V; Pollock, Liz Davenport; Moore, Monique; Wadsworth, Shelley MacDermid; Cato, Colanda; Dekle, Judith Ward; Meyer, Sonia Wei; Shriver, Amber; Mueller, Bill; Stephens, Mark; Seidler, Dustin A; Sheldon, Joseph; Picano, James; Finch, Wanda; Morales, Ricardo; Blochberger, Sean; Kleiman, Matthew E; Thompson, Daniel; Bates, Mark J

    2015-03-01

    The military lifestyle can create formidable challenges for military families. This article describes the Military Family Fitness Model (MFFM), a comprehensive model aimed at enhancing family fitness and resilience across the life span. This model is intended for use by Service members, their families, leaders, and health care providers but also has broader applications for all families. The MFFM has three core components: (1) family demands, (2) resources (including individual resources, family resources, and external resources), and (3) family outcomes (including related metrics). The MFFM proposes that resources from the individual, family, and external areas promote fitness, bolster resilience, and foster well-being for the family. The MFFM highlights each resource level for the purpose of improving family fitness and resilience over time. The MFFM both builds on existing family strengths and encourages the development of new family strengths through resource-acquiring behaviors. The purpose of this article is to (1) expand the military's Total Force Fitness (TFF) intent as it relates to families and (2) offer a family fitness model. This article will summarize relevant evidence, provide supportive theory, describe the model, and proffer metrics that support the dimensions of this model.

  15. The cooperative monitoring of military forces: An exercise in strategy

    SciTech Connect

    1998-04-01

    This exercise examines a hypothetical security problem associated with conventional military forces and border security: a surprise attack. The goal of the exercise is to provide an opportunity to think about how cooperative monitoring can be part of regional security. Two hypothetical countries, VOLCANOES and MOUNTAINS, have been created for this exercise based on the US states of Arizona and New Mexico. They were selected for their size and variety of terrain. Hypothetical background information and characteristics of the two countries are provided. An outline of activities is given, including prioritization of security concerns and monitoring of objectives for security concerns. 6 tabs.

  16. 48 CFR 37.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... armed forces. 37.109 Section 37.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION... quasi-military armed forces. Contracts with Pinkerton Detective Agencies or similar organizations are...-military armed forces for hire, or with their employees, regardless of the contract's character....

  17. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Issues and Current Proposals

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-15

    plans for expanded use of military force against the Islamic State in a televised speech to the American people, the President ordered U.S. military...State in a televised speech to the American people, the President ordered U.S. military airstrikes in Syria against both IS forces and forces of the... connection with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, February 11, 2015, http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press- office/2015/02/11/letter-president

  18. Overseas Basing of U.S. Military Forces: An Assessment of Relative Costs and Strategic Benefits

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    U.S. Military Forces: An Assessment of Relative Costs and Strategic Benefits 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6...Pettyjohn, Jerry M. Sollinger, Stephen M. Worman Overseas Basing of U.S. Military Forces An Assessment of Relative Costs Prepared for the...Military Forces An Assessment of Relative Costs and Strategic Benefits Michael J. Lostumbo, Michael J. McNerney, Eric Peltz, Derek Eaton, David R

  19. 42 CFR 70.8 - Members of military and naval forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Members of military and naval forces. 70.8 Section..., INSPECTION, LICENSING INTERSTATE QUARANTINE § 70.8 Members of military and naval forces. The provisions of §§ 70.3, 70.4, 70.5, 70.7, and this section shall not apply to members of the military or naval forces...

  20. 42 CFR 70.8 - Members of military and naval forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Members of military and naval forces. 70.8 Section..., INSPECTION, LICENSING INTERSTATE QUARANTINE § 70.8 Members of military and naval forces. The provisions of §§ 70.3, 70.4, 70.5, 70.7, and this section shall not apply to members of the military or naval forces...

  1. 42 CFR 70.8 - Members of military and naval forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Members of military and naval forces. 70.8 Section..., INSPECTION, LICENSING INTERSTATE QUARANTINE § 70.8 Members of military and naval forces. The provisions of §§ 70.3, 70.4, 70.5, 70.7, and this section shall not apply to members of the military or naval forces...

  2. 42 CFR 70.8 - Members of military and naval forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Members of military and naval forces. 70.8 Section..., INSPECTION, LICENSING INTERSTATE QUARANTINE § 70.8 Members of military and naval forces. The provisions of §§ 70.3, 70.4, 70.5, 70.7, and this section shall not apply to members of the military or naval forces...

  3. 26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Force. The terms also include the Coast Guard. The members of such forces include commissioned officers and the personnel below the grade of commissioned officer in such forces. ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces...

  4. 26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Force. The terms also include the Coast Guard. The members of such forces include commissioned officers and the personnel below the grade of commissioned officer in such forces. ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces...

  5. 26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Force. The terms also include the Coast Guard. The members of such forces include commissioned officers and the personnel below the grade of commissioned officer in such forces. ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces...

  6. 26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Force. The terms also include the Coast Guard. The members of such forces include commissioned officers and the personnel below the grade of commissioned officer in such forces. ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces...

  7. Military Manpower Training Report for FY 1985. Volume 4. Force Readiness Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-02-01

    training at the task force level, cannot be conducted at Camp Lejuene . Each training center throughout the world has a unique set of capabilities and...mandatory summer camps or cruises which are designed to give the student realistic military experience and a first-hand view of military life. The ROTC...military members in an active duty status and are not included in military manpower training loads. However, ROTC Basic Camp loads are included in the

  8. Role of the U.S. Military in the Professionalization of the Armed Forces of Liberia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    with the input from the military, has the ability to reform, review, and change the structure and role of the military. The three case studies all...to support the influential role of the MAF in its ability to change the force structure, nor did the study show find evidence to show budgetary...THE ROLE OF THE U.S. MILITARY IN THE PROFESSIONALIZATION OF THE ARMED FORCES OF LIBERIA A thesis presented to the Faculty

  9. 42 CFR 70.8 - Members of military and naval forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Members of military and naval forces. 70.8 Section..., INSPECTION, LICENSING INTERSTATE QUARANTINE § 70.8 Members of military and naval forces. The provisions of §§ 70.3, 70.4, 70.5, 70.7, and this section shall not apply to members of the military or naval...

  10. The Privatisation of Military Force: Economic Virtues, Vices and Government Responsibility

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-01-01

    0 The Privatisation of Military Force: Economic Virtues , Vices and Government Responsibility ERIC FREDLAND Professor. Department of Economics...COVERED 00-00-1999 to 00-00-1999 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE The Privatisation of Military Force: Economic Virtues , Vices and Government Responsibility...vehicle shipping service for civilian and military personnel has resulted in more vehicles arriving on time, according to program managers’.5 Do

  11. 32 CFR 644.475 - Excessing Army military and Air Force property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Excessing Army military and Air Force property... the Related Land) § 644.475 Excessing Army military and Air Force property. The procedures for placing... commander concerned is required. When, under AFR 87-4, the responsible DE is called upon by the Air...

  12. 32 CFR 644.475 - Excessing Army military and Air Force property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Excessing Army military and Air Force property... the Related Land) § 644.475 Excessing Army military and Air Force property. The procedures for placing... commander concerned is required. When, under AFR 87-4, the responsible DE is called upon by the Air...

  13. 32 CFR 644.415 - Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation. 644.415 Section 644.415 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY... Interests § 644.415 Army military and Air Force lands—$50,000 limitation. (a) 10 U.S.C. 2672 authorizes...

  14. 32 CFR 644.415 - Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation. 644.415 Section 644.415 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY... Interests § 644.415 Army military and Air Force lands—$50,000 limitation. (a) 10 U.S.C. 2672 authorizes...

  15. 32 CFR 644.475 - Excessing Army military and Air Force property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Excessing Army military and Air Force property... the Related Land) § 644.475 Excessing Army military and Air Force property. The procedures for placing... commander concerned is required. When, under AFR 87-4, the responsible DE is called upon by the Air...

  16. 32 CFR 644.415 - Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation. 644.415 Section 644.415 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY... Interests § 644.415 Army military and Air Force lands—$50,000 limitation. (a) 10 U.S.C. 2672 authorizes...

  17. 75 FR 30002 - Federal Advisory Committee; Defense Task Force on Sexual Assault in the Military Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; Defense Task Force on Sexual Assault in the Military... terminating the Defense Task Force on Sexual Assault in the Military Services, effective June 1, 2010. FOR...

  18. 32 CFR 644.415 - Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation. 644.415 Section 644.415 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY... Interests § 644.415 Army military and Air Force lands—$50,000 limitation. (a) 10 U.S.C. 2672 authorizes...

  19. 48 CFR 237.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Services of quasi-military armed forces. 237.109 Section 237.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... Contracts-General 237.109 Services of quasi-military armed forces. See 237.102-70b for prohibition...

  20. 48 CFR 237.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Services of quasi-military armed forces. 237.109 Section 237.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... Contracts-General 237.109 Services of quasi-military armed forces. See 237.102-70b for prohibition...

  1. 48 CFR 237.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Services of quasi-military armed forces. 237.109 Section 237.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... Contracts-General 237.109 Services of quasi-military armed forces. See 237.102-70b for prohibition...

  2. 48 CFR 237.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Services of quasi-military armed forces. 237.109 Section 237.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... Contracts-General 237.109 Services of quasi-military armed forces. See 237.102-70b for prohibition on...

  3. 48 CFR 237.109 - Services of quasi-military armed forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Services of quasi-military armed forces. 237.109 Section 237.109 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... Contracts-General 237.109 Services of quasi-military armed forces. See 237.102-70b for prohibition on...

  4. 32 CFR 644.475 - Excessing Army military and Air Force property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Excessing Army military and Air Force property. 644.475 Section 644.475 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY... the Related Land) § 644.475 Excessing Army military and Air Force property. The procedures for placing...

  5. 32 CFR 644.415 - Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation. 644.415 Section 644.415 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY... Interests § 644.415 Army military and Air Force lands—$50,000 limitation. (a) 10 U.S.C. 2672 authorizes the...

  6. Military aviators, special operations forces, and causal malaria prophylaxis.

    PubMed

    Chambers, James A

    2003-12-01

    U.S. military aviators are currently restricted to the use of chloroquine or doxycycline for malaria prophylaxis. Ground forces are allowed the additional option of taking mefloquine. These medications are begun before deployment, must be taken for 4 weeks after leaving the malarious area, and primaquine must be added to the regimen the last 2 of those 4 weeks. Compliance with this regimen is often poor, especially in populations who travel abroad frequently for short periods of time. Causal malaria prophylaxis offers potential benefits of decreased length of postdeployment regimens and obviates the need for a second medication for terminal prophylaxis. Potential obstacles include adverse drug reactions, cost, and rapid development of resistance to new medications by Plasmodium species, which should be weighed against the risks to health and mission success in each deployment.

  7. The Social Determinants of Health in Military Forces of Iran: A Qualitative Study

    PubMed Central

    Sanaeinasab, Hormoz; Ghanei, Mostafa; Mehrabi Tavana, Ali; Ravangard, Ramin; Karamali, Mazyar

    2015-01-01

    Providing effective health interventions and achieving equity in health need to apply the community-based approaches such as social determinants of health. In the military organizations, these determinants have received less attention from the military health researchers and policymakers. Therefore, this study aimed to identify and explain the social determinants affecting the health of military forces in Iran. This was a qualitative study which was conducted in 2014. The required data were collected through semistructured interviews and analyzed through Conventional Content Analysis. The studied sample consisted of 22 military health experts, policymakers, and senior managers selected using purposeful sampling method with maximum variation sampling. MAXQDA.2007 was used to analyze the collected data. After analyzing the collected data, two main contents, that is, “general social determinants of health” and “military social determinants of health,” with 22 themes and 90 subthemes were identified as the social determinants of military forces' health. Main themes were religious rule, spirituality promotion policies, international military factors, military command, and so forth. Given the role and importance of social factors determining the military forces' health, it can be recommended that the military organizations should pay more attention to these determinants in making policies and creating social, economic, and cultural structures for their forces. PMID:26379716

  8. The Social Determinants of Health in Military Forces of Iran: A Qualitative Study.

    PubMed

    Bahadori, Mohammadkarim; Sanaeinasab, Hormoz; Ghanei, Mostafa; Mehrabi Tavana, Ali; Ravangard, Ramin; Karamali, Mazyar

    2015-01-01

    Providing effective health interventions and achieving equity in health need to apply the community-based approaches such as social determinants of health. In the military organizations, these determinants have received less attention from the military health researchers and policymakers. Therefore, this study aimed to identify and explain the social determinants affecting the health of military forces in Iran. This was a qualitative study which was conducted in 2014. The required data were collected through semistructured interviews and analyzed through Conventional Content Analysis. The studied sample consisted of 22 military health experts, policymakers, and senior managers selected using purposeful sampling method with maximum variation sampling. MAXQDA.2007 was used to analyze the collected data. After analyzing the collected data, two main contents, that is, "general social determinants of health" and "military social determinants of health," with 22 themes and 90 subthemes were identified as the social determinants of military forces' health. Main themes were religious rule, spirituality promotion policies, international military factors, military command, and so forth. Given the role and importance of social factors determining the military forces' health, it can be recommended that the military organizations should pay more attention to these determinants in making policies and creating social, economic, and cultural structures for their forces.

  9. Military Psychology.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    TRANSLATIONS, MILITARY TRAINING, OFFICER PERSONNEL, PERCEPTION( PSYCHOLOGY ), PERSONALITY , COMMUNISM, INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS, EMOTIONS....MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), *MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY , *TEXTBOOKS, USSR, ORGANIZATIONS, COMBAT READINESS, PSYCHOMOTOR FUNCTION, REASONING, SURVEYS

  10. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Issues and Current Proposals

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-02-21

    facilities, advise Iraqi security forces, and conduct intelligence gathering and reconnaissance, President Obama began ordering U.S. military...televised speech to the American people, the President ordered U.S. military airstrikes in Syria against both IS forces and forces of the “Khorasan...Group,” identified by the President as part of Al Qaeda. In 2015, the President ordered new deployments to Iraq, and the Administration announced

  11. The Military Life Scale: a measure of perceived stress and support in the Israeli Defense Force.

    PubMed

    Zohar, Ada H; Shen, Gila; Dycian, Anat; Pauls, David; Apter, Alan; King, Robert; Cohen, Donald; Kron, Shmuel

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to construct a reliable and valid measure of perceived stress and support by adolescents in the Israeli military, and to explore its structure and psychometric properties. A large stratified sample of soldiers, representing different types of units, different lengths of service in the Israel Defense Force, and different ranks, were administered the Military Life Scale. Principal component factor analysis with varimax rotation resulted in a 5-factor structure for the stress scale, and a 5-factor structure for the support scale. All factor-derived scales showed satisfactory scale reliability and discriminant validity. The Military Life Scale is useful for measuring the stress experienced by individuals and groups within the Israel Defense Force. In addition, the Military Life Scale may be of use in other military environments, and with minor revision, in non-military environments in which the normative passage from late adolescence into adulthood occurs, such as a college setting.

  12. Force XXI Technology and the Cognitive Approach to the Military Decision Making Process (MDMP)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-05-01

    Force XXI Technology and the Cognitive Approach to the Military Decision Making Process (MDMP) A Monograph By Lieutenant Colonel Michael C. Sevcik... Approach to the Military Decision Making Process (MDMP) by Michael C. Sevcik, US Army, 43 pages. The United States Army has invested millions of dollars...Michael C. Sevcik Title of Monograph: FXXI Technology and the Cognitive Approach to the Military Decision Making Process (MDMP) Approved by

  13. Russian Military and Security Forces: A Postulated Reaction to a Nuclear Detonation

    SciTech Connect

    Ball, D

    2005-04-29

    In this paper, we will examine how Russia's military and security forces might react to the detonation of a 10-kiloton nuclear weapon placed next to the walls surrounding the Kremlin. At the time of this 'big bang,' Putin is situated outside Moscow and survives the explosion. No one claims responsibility for the detonation. No other information is known. Numerous variables will determine how events ultimately unfold and how the military and security forces will respond. Prior to examining these variables in greater detail, it is imperative to elucidate first what we mean by Russia's military and security forces.

  14. The Peaceful Uses of Military Forces. Praeger Special Studies in International Politics and Public Affairs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanning, Hugh

    This study of the peaceful uses of military forces (PUMF) offers a compendium of information and principles for the planning and conduct of such PUMF activities as meeting disaster or emergency relief situations, education and training, and economic and social projects. The provision of training opportunities by the military is a means of…

  15. Engaging Military Fathers in a Reflective Parenting Program: Lessons from Strong Families Strong Forces

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeVoe, Ellen R.; Paris, Ruth

    2015-01-01

    Through Strong Families Strong Forces, a reflective parenting program for military families with young children, we were privileged to work with contemporary military fathers who served in the post-9/11 conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. Due to this work, the authors gained valuable insight into the complexity of fathering during wartime, the…

  16. The Peaceful Uses of Military Forces. Praeger Special Studies in International Politics and Public Affairs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanning, Hugh

    This study of the peaceful uses of military forces (PUMF) offers a compendium of information and principles for the planning and conduct of such PUMF activities as meeting disaster or emergency relief situations, education and training, and economic and social projects. The provision of training opportunities by the military is a means of…

  17. Engaging Military Fathers in a Reflective Parenting Program: Lessons from Strong Families Strong Forces

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeVoe, Ellen R.; Paris, Ruth

    2015-01-01

    Through Strong Families Strong Forces, a reflective parenting program for military families with young children, we were privileged to work with contemporary military fathers who served in the post-9/11 conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. Due to this work, the authors gained valuable insight into the complexity of fathering during wartime, the…

  18. Culture Wars: Air Force Culture and Civil-Military Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-01

    into the civil-military implications of this founda- tional legislation is certainly needed. Another tectonic plate moving slowly beneath our feet is the...service? Lastly, there are tectonic movements in place that could be changing Amer- ican civil-military relations in slow but steady ways. For example

  19. Military robots: the fighting force of the future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-03-03

    Ordnance Disposal HMMWV High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle ISIL Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant ISR Intelligence, Surveillance, and...Military Robot Theorists The theory of military robots has its origin in science fiction. Some of the greatest authors of the genre have written about...experience in manned platforms, and a misunderstanding of the capabilities of UAVs, both of which could be alleviated by more education and funding

  20. Tinted Blue: Air Force Culture and American Civil-Military Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    philosophy of decisive force than it did with the Iraqis or the tangled politics of the Middle East. —Michael R . Gordon and Bernard E. Trainor The...components, see Williamson Murray , “Does Military Culture Matter?” Orbis 43, no. 1 (1999): 34; Theo Farrell, “Figuring Out Fighting Organisations: The...4Publications/PubLibrary / R .20090917.An_Air_Force_Strat/ R .20090917.An_Air_Force_Strat.pdf. 54. For a summary of the conventional civil-military accounts, see

  1. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-11-06

    A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief Matthew C. Weed Analyst in...00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current...by ANSI Std Z39-18 A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: In Brief Congressional Research Service Contents The

  2. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-10-21

    A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief Matthew C. Weed Analyst in...00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current...by ANSI Std Z39-18 A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: In Brief Congressional Research Service Contents The

  3. Major Cost Drivers of Motor Vehicle Crashes Involving Air Force Military Personnel and the Influence of the Military Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-09-01

    levels and alcohol abuse has become a subject of many studies. Therefore, it is important to discriminate how the military community perceives stress... i ) Gathering information of demographic characteristics of the victims as well as geographical features and the circumstances of the accident...investigated to provide valuable information about MVCs involving USAF personnel. Being a US Air Force member is completely different from being a

  4. The Cost of a Military Person-Year. A Method for Computing Savings from Force Reductions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    civilianization decisions that involve forced military career terminations offer some kind of buyout or compensation, typically at a much lower level than...is not how a service would act in reality. However, since there are many ways of managing the retention rates through promo- tion boards and buyouts ...military posi- tions and offering equitable buyouts to the affected personnel. However, this conclusion must be weighed against the important

  5. Ensuring Operational Readiness: Private Military Contractor Support for the United States Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-03-15

    general strategy used to test the hypotheses. In the next section, a case study is presented that provides answers to the structure focused questions...States Air Force School of Advanced Military Studies United States Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 2017 Approved...Director, School of Advanced Military Studies James C. Markert, COL Accepted this 25th day of May 2017 by: ___________________________________, Director

  6. Military Training. Lessons Learned and Their Implications for the Future. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Military Forces and Personnel, Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gebicke, Mark E.

    Training of active duty forces is a never-ending process beset with challenges and lessons. Despite the widely shared view that today's military forces are the best trained forces in the world, some common recurring weaknesses reinforce the need for a continuing emphasis on repetitive training if U.S. forces are to be prepared to fight and win the…

  7. Experiences of the GDR in space sciences and technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stiller, H.; Knuth, R.; Bormann, P.

    Following a historical review of the first activities of GDR scientists in the fields of space research, especially on astronomical and geodetical satellite-observations and in atmospheric and magnetospheric research, the growing scientific and increasingly efficient technological and economic benefits of the cooperation of the Academy of sciences and other scientific and technological institutions of the GDR within the Intercosmos-programme are described. Especially, the experiences in connection with remote sensing, of the cooperation with countries as Cuba and the Peoples Republic of Vietnam and of the common USSR - GDR manned spaceflight are discussed under the viewpoint of the mutual interests of developing and developed countries in the fields of space science and technology.

  8. Military Manpower and the All-Volunteer Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-09-01

    Harvard University Press, Cambridge. Mass., 1947; and Robert M. Solow , "The Production Function and the Theory of Capital," Review of Economic Studies...unpublished paper, December 1971. Huck, Daniel F., "The Elimination of the Military Draft: A Case Study in the Application ofthe Unbalanced Growth...Defense Manpower Policy, The Rand Corporation, forthcom- ing. Solow , Robert, "The Production Function and the Theory of Capital," Review of

  9. The Debate about Soviet Military Doctrine and Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-01-01

    themselves to small, manageable topics. Because the big picture is so overwhelming, and because such analysis implies the need to criticize the...34ektivnyi faktor sderzhivaniya agressivnykh sil" [Military-Strategic Parity: The Objective Factor of Deterring Aggressive Forcesl, Voennaya Mysl’, no. 2...expertise of their researchers, who quickly discover that fluency in English and other languages can earn them, as translators and interpreters for

  10. The U.S. Militarys Force Structure: A Primer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-07-01

    associated with the day-to-day running of units. Those costs include pay and benefits for military personnel, compensation for most civilian employees ...that support DoD and the Army (such as recruiting , basic training, and administrative support). By itself, such an armored brigade costs $500...administra- tive organizations devoted to such functions as recruit - ing, training, acquisition, maintenance, and medical care; in addition, there are various

  11. Military Retirement: Reform for the 21st Century Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-24

    being governed under an ERISA type structure with main characteristics being the advocacy of member savings, adopting portable retirement benefits...aspects to include a future military retirement system such as being governed under an ERISA type structure with main characteristics being the...requirements of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act ( ERISA ). ERISA , the federal law requiring private-sector employers to vest employees in

  12. A New Element of National Security: Military Forces in Environmental Protection

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-04-01

    sort of scenario. If Brazil continues to cut all the rain forests and if the predictions are true, would we deploy military forces to physically stop...U.S.D.A., Forest Service o T I C FI-ECTE ;,’. MAR 14 1994 Faculty Research Advisor,"’ D Mr. J. Dawson Ahalt S The Industrial College of the Armed...Executive Research Project A105 A New Element of National Security: Military Forces in Environmental Protection Harry D. Croft U.S.D.A., Forest Service

  13. Total Force Fitness in units part 1: military demand-resource model.

    PubMed

    Bates, Mark J; Fallesen, Jon J; Huey, Wesley S; Packard, Gary A; Ryan, Diane M; Burke, C Shawn; Smith, David G; Watola, Daniel J; Pinder, Evette D; Yosick, Todd M; Estrada, Armando X; Crepeau, Loring; Bowles, Stephen V

    2013-11-01

    The military unit is a critical center of gravity in the military's efforts to enhance resilience and the health of the force. The purpose of this article is to augment the military's Total Force Fitness (TFF) guidance with a framework of TFF in units. The framework is based on a Military Demand-Resource model that highlights the dynamic interactions across demands, resources, and outcomes. A joint team of subject-matter experts identified key variables representing unit fitness demands, resources, and outcomes. The resulting framework informs and supports leaders, support agencies, and enterprise efforts to strengthen TFF in units by (1) identifying TFF unit variables aligned with current evidence and operational practices, (2) standardizing communication about TFF in units across the Department of Defense enterprise in a variety of military organizational contexts, (3) improving current resources including evidence-based actions for leaders, (4) identifying and addressing of gaps, and (5) directing future research for enhancing TFF in units. These goals are intended to inform and enhance Service efforts to develop Service-specific TFF models, as well as provide the conceptual foundation for a follow-on article about TFF metrics for units. Reprint & Copyright © 2013 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  14. Military Education: Implementation of Recommendations at the Armed Forces Staff College. Report to the Chairman, Panel on Military Education, Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. National Security and International Affairs Div.

    This study evaluates the Armed Forces Staff College's implementation of selected recommendations from the April 1989 report of the Panel on Military Education. In particular, this report discusses Phase II officer professional military education (PME) programs taught at the Joint and Combined Staff Officer School in Norfolk, Virginia. The study…

  15. Military and veteran's health integration across missions: how a college of nursing "joined forces".

    PubMed

    Morrison-Beedy, Dianne; Passmore, Denise; D'Aoust, Rita

    2015-01-01

    To address the unique needs of our returning military and veterans, the White House initiated the Joining Forces campaign and has encouraged colleges of nursing throughout the nation to support this mission. At the University of South Florida College of Nursing, we have implemented a multifaceted approach that addresses education, research, and employment. These military-related programs have been unified under our RESTORE LIVES (Research and Education to Rehabilitate and Restore the Lives of Veterans, Services Members and their Families) initiative. To accomplish this mission, we enhanced our curriculum to include veteran health care issues, developed research that addresses veteran wellness, launched an accelerated program to enable veterans and military personnel with medical experience to obtain their baccalaureate in nursing, and encouraged a culture within the college that is supportive of military-based health care and employment needs. We have shared our experiences through webinars and presentations and by hosting a national conference. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. [Military medical doctrine--the scientific basis for medical support of the Armed Forces].

    PubMed

    Chizh, I M; Zhiliaev, E G; Galin, L L; Belozerov, V V

    1995-12-01

    Basing upon the experience of soviet medicine during the Great Patriotic War, organization of medical security of the Troops and Navy personnel in the post-war period, especially during the war in Afghanistan and local military conflicts and analysis of modern tendencies in military medicine development in the armies of foreign countries the authors formulate the principles of military-medical doctrine of the Armed Forces. The authors consider the following organizing principles of military-medical doctrine to be the main ones: the use of medical service mobile forces relying on the territorial system of troops medical security; focusing of the main medical service efforts at crucial moment in the necessary direction; maximal approximation of its forces and means to the regions of sanitary loss occurrence; wide use of the automatic managing systems; optimization of the Mobile Forces medical security as a type of the Armed Forces; similar approaches to the treatment of wounds caused by the weapons of modern types; maximal reduction of the medical evacuation stages; early and active detection of visceral complications in the wounded; selection of the infectious patients into separate stream, their treatment and rehabilitation in the specialized hospitals.

  17. Canine Supply for Physical Security: An Analysis of the Royal Australian Air Force Military Working Dog Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-03-01

    PHYSICAL SECURITY: AN ANALYSIS OF THE ROYAL AUSTRALIAN AIR FORCE MILITARY WORKING DOG PROGRAM by Mark W. Powell March 2016 Thesis...AN ANALYSIS OF THE ROYAL AUSTRALIAN AIR FORCE MILITARY WORKING DOG PROGRAM 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S) Mark W. Powell 7. PERFORMING...increased demand on its physical security elements. Its military working dog (MWD) workforce is required to meet an inventory of 204 by end of year 2023 as

  18. Exclusive studies of the GDR in excited nuclei.

    SciTech Connect

    Nanal, V.

    1998-09-07

    The GDR in {sup 164}Er at 62 MeV excitation energy has been studied in coincidence with the evaporation residues, selected using the Argonne fragment mass analyzer (FMA). The {sup 164}Er* has a prolate shape with deformation statistical model fit to the data indicate that similar to the ground state.

  19. Collateral gains from the military? A cross-national analysis of the armed forces crime relationship.

    PubMed

    Sun, Ivan Y; Sung, Hung-En; Chu, Doris C

    2007-10-01

    Research has repeatedly showed that males aged between 16 and 24 years old account for a disproportionately large volume of crime. Armed forces are major employers of young males in their crime-prone ages and thus could play an essential role in crime prevention. The military is a highly structured and regimented total institution in which rigid behavioral norms and very close monitoring are imposed both on soldiers and on officers. Using data from 65 countries for the period of 1995 to 1999, this study assesses the crime-reduction function of the military by testing the influence of the relative size of the armed forces and the existence of conscription on national rates of homicide. The findings show that the size of the military and the existence of conscription are significantly related to homicide rates. Implications for future research are discussed.

  20. Cypriot and greek army military boot cushioning: ground reaction forces and subjective responses.

    PubMed

    Paisis, Panagiotis; Hanley, Brian; Havenetidis, Konstantinos; Bissas, Athanassios

    2013-04-01

    Lower limb injuries are a continual and serious issue for military personnel. Such injuries have been associated with the requirement to train in military boots (MBs) and might be offset with commercial insoles. In this study, ground reaction forces were measured in seven male participants wearing running shoes (RS), MBs commonly used by Cypriot and Greek Army personnel, and the MBs with two types of shock-absorbing insole. The participants performed 4-min trials at walking pace (5 km·h-1) and running pace (10 km·h-1) at a 5% gradient on a treadmill under all four shod conditions. The treadmill incorporated two force plates under its belt, which provided measurements of key kinetic variables. During walking, RS showed significantly lower values for impact peak force (p < 0.01), maximum force (p < 0.05), and push-off rate (p < 0.05) compared with other conditions, although no significant differences were found during running. Although the RS were rated significantly more comfortable than any other condition, neither insole made the MBs more comfortable to wear. With little evidence to support wholesale adoption of insoles in MBs, their use by military personnel can only be recommended on a case-by-case basis. Reprint & Copyright © 2013 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  1. 32 CFR 644.475 - Excessing Army military and Air Force property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... the Related Land) § 644.475 Excessing Army military and Air Force property. The procedures for placing buildings and improvements in excess status are set forth in AR 405-90 and AFR 87-4. In instances of land... Command to furnish an estimate of the value of buildings and improvements for the purpose of...

  2. The Effects of Basic Military Training on the Attitude of Air Force Enlistees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harburg, Fred D.

    This report discusses the objectives and current practices in basic military training in relation to the attitudes and experience of recent recruits into the Air Force. Selected research studies bearing on effective training and career motivation are discussed. Suggestions are made for adaptation of basic training procedures to changing attitudes…

  3. Critical behavior in the variation of GDR width at low temperature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pandit, Deepak; Mukhopadhyay, S.; Pal, Surajit; De, A.; Banerjee, S. R.

    2012-07-01

    We present the first experimental giant dipole resonance (GDR) width systematics, in the temperature region 0.8-1.2 MeV for 201Tl, a near Pb nucleus, to investigate the evolution of the GDR width in shell effect and pairing dominated region. The extracted GDR widths are well below the predictions of shell effect corrected thermal shape fluctuation model (TSFM) and thermal pairing included phonon damping model. A similar behavior of the GDR width is also observed for 63Cu measured in the present work and 119Sb, measured earlier. This discrepancy is attributed to the GDR induced quadrupole moment leading to a critical point in the increase of the GDR width with temperature. We incorporate this novel idea in the phenomenological description based on the TSFM for a better understanding of the GDR width systematics for the entire range of mass, spin and temperature.

  4. Military Assistance to Mexico: Use of Special Operations Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-31

    91 Donald Sparks, " Jackal Stone 2009; Special Opcmti011s Forces Multinational Training in Croatia", Tt/J of the Spear, USSCOM, Tampa FL, 92 Sparks...Data Analysis from 2001-2009" Justice in Mexico Project, Trans Border Institute, University of San Diego, January 2009. Sparks, Donald " Jackal Stone

  5. Environmental Assessment: Military Family Housing Privatization Maxwell Air Force Base

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-01

    Water Resources) Montgomery Chamber of Commerce George , Randall (President) Montgomery County – City Public Library Montgomery County...Force Base Personnel, Interviewer; Tamara Carroll. Zervos , Spero G. 2001. A Brief History of Maxwell AFB. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University History...35486- 6999 205-247-3589 Montgomery Chamber of Commerce President Randall George 41 Commerce Street Montgomery, AL 36101 PO Box 79 Montgomery, AL

  6. Recapitalizing the Air Force Intellect: Essays on War, Airpower, and Military Education

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-01

    management, etc.).5 Thus the Air Force is in the paradoxical position of putting a high value on graduate-level education that is largely...than lit- erary leanings. . . . The Air Force has never boasted a high percentage of scholars.”9 25-P4-S3- Educating Air Force Off217 217 4/16/08 2...sides Essays on War, Airpower, and Military Education Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the

  7. [The state of health of the US Armed Forces military personnel in 2012].

    PubMed

    Golota, A S; Krassiĭ, A B; Nagibovich, O A; Sivashchenko, P P

    2013-08-01

    The current article is dedicated to the state of health of the US Armed Forces military active component personnel in 2012 according to the report published by the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center in April 2013 issue of Center's Medical Surveillance Monthly Report. Sequentially, the key characteristics of ambulatory visits and hospitalization for the leading disease chapters and certain disease groups have been presented. The data have been given for the total personnel as well as for male and female separately. The general hospitalization has also been presented for the US Armed Forces components.

  8. [Theory and practice of Pavlov Sleep Therapy in the GDR].

    PubMed

    Scholtz, Doreen; Steinberg, Holger

    2011-10-01

    The following study describes theoretical foundations and practical application of Pavlov Sleep Therapy within the GDR in the 1950s and earlier 1960s. Implementing the sleeping treatment as a psychiatric therapy examplifies how the ideological guideline to integrate Pavlov's teachings was converted into medical practice in the GDR. One of the protagonists of this approach was Dietfried Müller-Hegemann in Leipzig. Although being successful with some diseases such as fatigue, its practical application ceased after several cases of death that were brought in connection with the sleep treatment. Indirectly this discontinuation of Pavlov Sleep Therapy also terminated Müller-Hegemann's academic career. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  9. Codes of professional conduct for Australian Defence Force military physicians: evenomating the serpent?

    PubMed

    O'Connor, Mike

    2010-09-01

    The scandal of health professionals' involvement in recent human rights abuses in United States military detention centres has prompted concern that Australian military physicians should be well protected against similar pressures to participate in harsh interrogations. A framework of military health ethics has been proposed. Would a code of professional conduct be a partial solution? This article examines the utility of professional codes: can they transform unethical behaviour or are they only of value to those who already behave ethically? How should such codes be designed, what support mechanisms should be in place and how should complaints be managed? A key recommendation is that codes of professional conduct should be accompanied by publicly transparent procedures for the investigation of serious infractions and appropriate disciplinary action when proven. The training of military physicians should also aim to develop a sound understanding of both humanitarian and human rights law. At present, both civil and military education of physicians generally lacks any component of human rights law. The Australian Defence Force (ADF) seems well placed to add codes of professional conduct to its existing ethical framework because of strong support at the highest executive levels.

  10. Tuberculosis as a force health protection threat to the United States military.

    PubMed

    Sanchez, Jose L; Sanchez, Joyce L; Cooper, Michael J; Hiser, Michelle J; Mancuso, James D

    2015-03-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a communicable disease that poses a threat to force health protection to the U.S. military. The rate of TB disease in the military is low; however, there are unique challenges for its control in this setting. As a low-risk population, TB testing in the U.S. military can be scaled back from the universal testing approach used previously. Reactivation of latent TB infection (LTBI) present at accession into service is the most important factor leading to TB disease; therefore, its diagnosis and treatment among recruits should be given a high priority. Deployment and overseas military service is an uncommon but important source of TB infection, and rigorous surveillance should be ensured. Case management of TB disease and LTBI can be improved by the use of cohort reviews at the service and installation levels and case finding and delays in the diagnosis of TB disease can be improved by education of providers, as well as increased use of molecular diagnostic tests. Program outcomes can be improved by making LTBI treatment compulsory, offering shorter treatment regimens, and increasing accountability through oversight and evaluation. The diagnosis of LTBI can be improved by implementing targeted testing in all settings and reducing confirmatory interferon-gamma release assay testing. Reprint & Copyright © 2015 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  11. Description and Rate of Musculoskeletal Injuries in Air Force Basic Military Trainees, 2012-2014.

    PubMed

    Nye, Nathaniel S; Pawlak, Mary T; Webber, Bryant J; Tchandja, Juste N; Milner, Michelle R

    2016-11-01

     Musculoskeletal injuries are common in military trainees and have significant medical and operational effects.  To provide current musculoskeletal injury epidemiology data for US Air Force basic military trainees.  Descriptive epidemiologic study with cross-sectional features.  US Air Force Basic Military Training, Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas.  All recruits who entered training between July 1, 2012, and June 30, 2014.  Incidence density rate of all musculoskeletal injuries (stratified by body region and type) and factors and costs associated with injuries.  Of the 67 525 trainees, 12.5% sustained 1 or more musculoskeletal injuries. The overall incidence density rate was 18.3 injuries per 1000 person-weeks (15.1 for men and 29.4 for women). The most common diagnosis (n = 2984) was Pain in joint, lower leg, as described in the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification, code 719.46. Injuries were more common among those with lower levels of baseline aerobic and muscular fitness. Injured trainees were 3.01 times (95% confidence interval = 2.85, 3.18) as likely to be discharged, and injured trainees who did graduate were 2.88 times (95% confidence interval = 2.72, 3.04) as likely to graduate late. During the surveillance period, injuries resulted in more than $43.7 million in medical ($8.7 million) and nonmedical ($35 million) costs.  Musculoskeletal injuries, predominantly of the lower extremities, have significant fiscal and operational effects on Air Force Basic Military Training. Further research into prevention and early rehabilitation of these injuries in military trainees is warranted.

  12. Military Schools for Prospective Officers of the Soviet Armed Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-03-31

    SCHOOLS4FOR IROSPECTIVE O’FICERS, OF TilE SOVIET MED FORCES DDC(, 1. ie i E II n - CAPTAIN JA MES- - G RU S ID501UDUTION s81.’ . Approved jot l Divtiumion...Ma~or 2 Gonoral WK ’Kre 01amalycsakia komandirikie -navyki, Voonnyl etlk o (1973), Pp. 57-58. 4 14400 orel N. Ar4litov and~ Captain Y., Ptamolo0...cosmopolitan mision (frequent ’foreign contacts), also are doing well In this field. eCf., Naval Captain L. Ufimtsev and Commander A.- I)t~Aktual’nyt zaclach

  13. Civil-Military Roles of Indigenous Armed Forces (CRIAF). Volume 1. Executive Summary. Volume 2. Main Report. Volume 3. Appendixes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1974-07-01

    AD-A009 190 CIVIL-MILITARY ROLES OF INDIGENOUS ARMED FORCES (CRIAF). VOLUME I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY . VOLUME II MAIN REPORT . VOLUME III...H FINAL REPORT VOLUME I - EXECUTIVE SUMMARY VOLUME II - MAIN REPORT VOLUME III - APPENDIXES o o DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY...Sussex: Conference of Political Development, 1968. 23. Einaudi, Luigi R. The Peruvian Military: A Summary Political Analysis . Santa

  14. [Role of the army physician in health protection of military personnel of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation].

    PubMed

    Belevitin, A B; Shelepov, A M; Kul'nev, S V; Mironkin, N A

    2011-01-01

    In the article are considered: the history of formation of military medicine in Russia; requirements, presented to the level of processing of military doctors and formulated in the form of competences. The disadvantages are analyzed and single out the ways of perfection in work of the troop echelon of medical service in modern conditions of reforming of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

  15. Effect of an All-Volunteer Force on Input into the School of Military Sciences, Officer Training Program. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guinn, Nancy; And Others

    To determine the impact of the volunteer force on officer accessions, a total of 3,931 trainees entering the school of Military Sciences, officer training program during 1972-73 were surveyed and categorized into groups based on draft vulnerability and expressed attitude toward voluntary military service, prior service experience, rated/nonrated…

  16. Defense Science Board Task Force on Military Satellite Communication and Tactical Networking. Executive Summary

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-03-01

    product of the Defense Science Board (DSB). The DSB is a Federal Advisory Committee established to provide independent advice to the Secretary of Defense...December 2014, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics (USD(AT&L)) signed the “Terms of Reference – Defense Science ...Board Task Force on Military Satellite Communication and Tactical Networking.” As a result, the Chairman of the Defense Science Board established a

  17. Declarations of War and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force: Historical Background and Legal Implications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-08-11

    Elizabeth Bazan and Jennifer K. Elsea, Jan . 5, 2006. 45 Hamdan v. Rumsfeld, 548 U.S. __ (2006), rev’g 415 F.3d 33 (D.C. Cir. 2005). For a summary and...Ackerman, Elizabeth Bazan , Richard Beth, and Charles Doyle. Declarations of War and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force: Historical Background and...Paper on NSA Legal Authorities (“Legal Authorities Supporting the Activities of the National Security Agency Described by the President”) (PDF) ( Jan . 19

  18. Final Environmental Assessment: Military Family Housing Privatization at Keesler Air Force Base, Mississippi

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-01

    the bay. Coastal marshes form the northern border of the base on the Back Bay of Biloxi. In addition, a small stormwater swale extends along a...F i n a l E n v i r o n m e n t a l A s s e s s m e n t Military Family Housing Privatization at Keesler Air Force Base , Mississippi...Prepared for Keesler Air Force Base February 2010 Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the

  19. Conventional Force Modernization and the Asymmetries of Military Doctrine: Historical Reflections on Airland Battle and the Operational Maneuver Group

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-09-20

    echelon, or Follow-On Forces Attack ( FOFA ). 6 1 The core of the workshop report on the Soviet threat was Christopher Donnelly’s analysis of an emerging...debate regarding the military-political implications of operational-maneuver-groups, AirLand Battle and Follow-On- Forces-Attack ( FOFA ), marks the...decisive manner at the operational-strategic level. 31 To some extent the surprise was the result of the poverty of Western analysis of Soviet military

  20. Optimizing the utility of military injury surveillance systems: a qualitative study within the Australian Defence Force.

    PubMed

    McKinnon, Adam D; Ozanne-Smith, Joan; Pope, Rodney

    2009-05-01

    Injury prevention guided by robust injury surveillance systems (ISS's) can effectively reduce military injury rates, but ISS's depend on human interaction. This study examined experiences and requirements of key users of the Australian Defence Force (ADF) ISS to determine whether the operation of the ISS was optimal, whether there were any shortcomings, and if so, how these shortcomings might be addressed. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 18 Australian Defence Department participants located throughout Australia. Grounded theory methods were used to analyze data by developing an understanding of processes and social phenomena related to injury surveillance systems within the military context. Interviews were recorded and professionally transcribed and information contained in the transcripts was analyzed using NVivo. Key themes relating to the components of an injury surveillance system were identified from the analysis. A range of processes and sociocultural factors influence the utility of military ISS's. These are discussed in detail and should be considered in the future design and operation of military ISS's to facilitate optimal outcomes for injury prevention.

  1. Effect of Polysaccharide from Cordyceps militaris (Ascomycetes) on Physical Fatigue Induced by Forced Swimming.

    PubMed

    Xu, Yan-Feng

    2016-01-01

    Cordyceps militaris is the one of the most important medicinal mushrooms, widely used in East Asian countries. Polysaccharide is considered to be the principal active component in C. militaris and has a wide range of biological and pharmacological properties. This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of polysaccharide from C. militaris (PCM) on physical fatigue induced in animals through a forced swimming test. The mice were divided into 4 groups receiving 28 days' treatment with drinking water (exercise control) or low-, medium-, and high-dose PCM (40, 80, and 160 mg/kg/day, respectively). After 28 days, the mice were subjected to the forced swimming test; the exhaustive swimming time was measured and fatigue-related biochemical parameters, including serum lactic acid, urea nitrogen, creatine kinase, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, superoxide dismutase, glutathi- one peroxidase, catalase, malondialdehyde, liver glycogen, and muscle glycogen, were analyzed. The results showed that PCM could significantly prolong the exhaustive swimming time of mice; decrease concentrations of serum lactic acid, urea nitrogen, creatine kinase, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and malondialdehyde; and increase liver and muscle glycogen contents and the concentrations of serum superoxide dismutase, glutathione per- oxidase, and catalase. The data suggest that PCM has an antifatigue effect, and it might become a new functional food or medicine for fatigue resistance.

  2. Gender Integration of Women into U.S. Army Special Forces Operational Detachments Alpha as an 18 Series Military Occupational Specialty

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    GENDER INTEGRATION OF WOMEN INTO U.S. ARMY SPECIAL FORCES OPERATIONAL DETACHMENTS ALPHA AS AN 18 SERIES MILITARY OCCUPATIONAL SPECIALTY... Integration of Women into U.S. Army Special Forces Operational Detachments Alpha as an 18 series Military Occupational Specialty 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER...rescinded by the Department of Defense. The military services were allowed to gradually and systematically integrate women into male-only military

  3. [Health conditions and physical development of soldiers during enrollment in the Armed Forces of Ukraine and military service in 2001-2010].

    PubMed

    Didenko, L V; Ustinova, L A; Khyzhniak, M I

    2012-01-01

    Fitness of soldiers in military reserve for military service at the stage in the Armed Forces of Ukraine has been studied in the article. It has been established that the growing number of soldiers in military reserve with changes in health and physical condition indicates insufficient level of their health which has a negative impact on their capability and gradually on their fitness for military service. Priorities of changes in organization of the process of completion by human resources of the soldiers' military reserve in the Armed Forces of Ukraine during their transition towards professional army have been defined, to include optimization of criteria of fitness for military service.

  4. Air Force use of civil airworthiness criteria for testing and acceptance of military derivative transport aircraft

    SciTech Connect

    Marx, R.I.; Chapman, D.M.; Langley, M.J.; Fouts, R.S.

    1990-01-01

    A review of commercial aircraft programs and the use of FAA certification criteria in the acquisition of off-the-shelf transport aircraft by the USAF to fulfill its airlift requirements is presented. In addition, major differences between military and commercial test programs and acquisition are cited to illustrate the principal benefits to the Air Force of this method. Significantly reduced acquisition time, and reduced ground and flight testing and development costs are shown as benefits of this process. The unique aspects of certification of military derivatives, recent initiatives to codify the processes, and the impacts on changes required in the manner in which the USAF currently contracts for aircraft are discussed. 20 refs.

  5. Studies on potato irradiation in the G.D.R.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luther, Th.; Hübner, G.; Grahn, Ch.; Döllstädt, R.

    The studies of potato irradiation have been conducted in the framework of the National Food Irradiation Research Project for 4 years. Although in the G.D.R. the use of chemical sprout inhibitors is allowed, potato irradiation can be an alternative technique for potato processing. Before irradiation a wound healing period of approx. 2 weeks is absolutely necessary to protect the potatoes from Fusarium. The method that presents the minimum risk of damage is irradiation in containers. Economic evaluations for the irradiation of potatoes are also made.

  6. Military deployment health surveillance policy and its application to Special Operations Forces.

    PubMed

    Hartman, Richard T; Wolfson, Jay; Yevich, Steven J

    2004-01-01

    An evaluation research methodology was used to determine whether deployment health surveillance for Special Operations Forces conformed with Department of Defense policy directives for the specified target population. Data for this methodology were based on pre- and postdeployment health assessments as well as patient encounters recorded during deployments. The data represented 1,094 individual and unique Special Operations Forces members deployed to 12 different countries from October 2000 through December 2001. Results from the study suggested that military deployment health surveillance policy goals for predeployment medical referrals, patient data capture, and documentation during the deployment and postdeployment medical referrals were being poorly met when Department of Defense and Joint Chiefs of Staff mandates were applied to Special Operations Forces in an unconventional operations environment. Preliminary evaluation indicates that deployment health surveillance implementation could be improved with the introduction of policy awareness education, training, and technology.

  7. Stabilization Operations Through Military Capacity Building-Integration Between Danish Conventional Forces and Special Operations Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-12-01

    N.Y: Frank Cass Publishers, 1998), 82–83. 146 Adams, US. Special Operations Forces in Action, 84–85. 147 Krepinevich Jr., The Army and Vietnam, 69...liaison teams, which were considered an important factor in the development of the Afghan National Army ( ANA ). Operational mentoring and liaison...Chief of Defence. Adams, Thomas K. U.S. Special Operations Forces in Action: The Challenge of Unconventional Warfare. New York: Frank Cass Publishers

  8. Fatal injury epidemiology among the New Zealand military forces in the First World War.

    PubMed

    Wilson, Nick; Summers, Jennifer A; Baker, Michael G; Thomson, George; Harper, Glyn

    2013-11-01

    Despite the large mortality burden of First World War (WW1) on New Zealand (NZ) military forces, no analysis using modern epidemiological methods has ever been conducted. We therefore aimed to study injury-related mortality amongst NZ military forces in WW1. An electronic version of the Roll-of-Honour for NZ Expeditionary Force (NZEF) personnel was supplemented with further coding and analysed statistically. We also performed literature searches to provide context. Out of a total of 16,703 deaths occurring during the war (28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918), injury deaths predominated: 65.1% were "killed in action" (KIA), 23.4% "died of wounds" (DOW), 1.0% were other injuries (e.g. "accidents", drownings, suicides and executions), and 10.5% were other causes (mainly disease). During the course of the war, the annual mortality rate from injury (for KIA + DOW) per 10,000 NZEF personnel in the North Hemisphere peaked at 1335 in 1915 (Gallipoli campaign) and then peaked again in 1917 at 937 (largely the Battle of Passchendaele). Some of the offensive campaigns involved very high mortality peaks (e.g. 2 days with over 450 deaths per day in October 1917). Participation in First World War was by far the worst fatal injury event in New Zealand's history. Many of these injury deaths could be considered to have been preventable through: better diplomacy (to prevent the war), improved military planning to reduce failed campaigns (e.g. Gallipoli, Passchendaele), earlier use of protective equipment such as helmets, and improved healthcare services.

  9. Tobacco Research in the Military: Reflections on 20 Years of Research in the United States Air Force.

    PubMed

    Talcott, G Wayne; Ebbert, Jon O; Klesges, Robert C; Linde, Brittany D; Seals, Robert W; Krukowski, Rebecca A; Grieser, Emily A; Oh, John Y; Martin-Zona, Denise M

    2015-08-01

    The U.S. military is one of the world's largest employers. Approximately 30% of active duty military personnel smoke cigarettes and more than 14% use smokeless tobacco. The military has historically supported tobacco use and more recently is attempting to combat its use. Through 20 years of collaborative research with the United States Air Force, we have learned that smoking bans are effective, recruits who have never previously smoked cigarettes initiate tobacco use, smokeless tobacco serves as a gateway for smoking initiation, smoking is associated with discharge, smoking adds significant proximal training costs, tobacco use increases during deployment, and tobacco quitline counseling with a provision of medication is effective. Our findings may provide groundwork for future tobacco control efforts in the U.S. military. Reprint & Copyright © 2015 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  10. PREFACE Proceedings of GDR-AFPAC Meeting, January 2010

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lowe, Mike; Saffari, Nader; Lhemery, Alain; Deschamps, Marc; Leger, Alain; Abrahams, David

    2011-01-01

    A joint meeting of two Anglo-French scientific research communities was held from 18 to 22 January 2010, in Kendal, Cumbria, UK. This was the sixth conference of the Groupe De Recherche (GDR) 2501, and the ninth conference of the Anglo-French Physical Acoustics Conference (AFPAC). This was the first time these two conferences have been run concurrently. The meeting was entitled GDR-AFPAC. The interests of the GDR group focus on studying the propagation of ultrasound in inhomogeneous media, including the relevance to its use for Non Destructive Evaluation (NDE). The GDR was set up in France in 2002, as a network of university research groups and industrial organisations, with support from the French national funding agency CNRS, under the code 2501. The network was expanded to include membership of university research groups in the UK in 2008, and has support from the UK Research Centre in NDE (RCNDE). A significant extra benefit of the UK membership is that it brings together the UK researchers in applied mathematics with those in engineering. The GDR holds its conferences approximately every 18 months; all GDR conferences prior to this one have been held in France. The interests of the AFPAC group pertain to studying physical acoustics. The AFPAC conference series is a collaboration between the Physical Acoustics Group (PAG) of the Institute of Physics and the Groupe d'Acoustique Physique, Sous-marine et UltraSonore (GAPSUS) of the Société Française d'Acoustique. First established in 2001, the aim of its annual conference is to provide a forum where the most recent research developments in the field of Physical Acoustics in the UK and France are reviewed. AFPAC alternates between venues in the UK and France, and the format has been designed to be 'small and friendly'. The conference attracts the main research leaders of both countries, and in particular aims to encourage research students to have their debut presentations at the event. Thus both of these

  11. Military Manpower Training Report FY 1987. Volume 4. Force Readiness Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-03-01

    IV-12. V- -1. V- -2. V- -3. V- ■4. V- •5. V- ■6. V- ■7. V- -8. V- -9. V-: LO. V-: LI. V-: L2 . VI- -1. VI- -2. VI- -3. VI- -4. VI -5...to provide the operational forces with personnel adequately trained to assume jobs in military units. Without effective training and education...where war may break out or count on an extended period for mobilization, we must have effective individual training conducted in training

  12. Declarations of War and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force: Historical Background and Legal Implications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-08

    Information, by Elizabeth Bazan and Jennifer K. Elsea, Jan . 5, 2006. 45 Hamdan v. Rumsfeld, 548 U.S. __ (2006), rev’g 415 F.3d 33 (D.C. Cir. 2005). For a...David Ackerman, Elizabeth Bazan , Richard Beth, and Charles Doyle. Declarations of War and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force: Historical...PDF) ( Jan . 19, 2006) [http://news.findlaw.com/hdocs/docs/nsa/dojnsa11906wp.pdf]. For an analysis of the Administration position as presented prior to

  13. HIV infection among U.S. Army and Air Force military personnel: sociodemographic and genotyping analysis.

    PubMed

    Singer, Darrell E; Bautista, Christian T; O'Connell, Robert J; Sanders-Buell, Eric; Agan, Brian K; Kijak, Gustavo H; Hakre, Shilpa; Sanchez, Jose L; Sateren, Warren B; McCutchan, Francine E; Michael, Nelson L; Scott, Paul T

    2010-08-01

    Since 1985, the U.S. Department of Defense has periodically screened all military personnel for HIV allowing for the monitoring of the infection in this dynamic cohort population. A nested case-control study was performed to study sociodemographics, overseas assignment, and molecular analysis of HIV. Cases were newly identified HIV infections among U.S. Army and Air Force military personnel from 2000 to 2004. Controls were frequency matched to cases by gender and date of case first positive HIV screening test. Genotyping analysis was performed using high-throughput screening assays and partial genome sequencing. HIV was significantly associated with black race [odds ratio (OR) = 6.65], single marital status (OR = 4.45), and age (OR per year = 1.07). Ninety-seven percent were subtype B and 3% were non-B subtypes (A3, CRF01_AE, A/C recombinant, G, CRF02_AG). Among cases, overseas assignment in the period at risk prior to their first HIV-positive test was associated with non-B HIV subtype infection (OR = 8.44). Black and single military personnel remain disproportionately affected by HIV infection. Most non-B HIV subtypes were associated with overseas assignment. Given the increased frequency and length of assignments, and the expanding HIV genetic diversity observed in this population, there is a need for active HIV genotyping surveillance and a need to reinforce primary HIV prevention efforts.

  14. Concept for a Predeployment Assessment of Basic Military Fitness in the German Armed Forces.

    PubMed

    Rohde, Ulrich; Sievert, Alexander; Rüther, Thomas; Witzki, Alexander; Leyk, Dieter

    2015-11-01

    Military fitness is defined as a hierarchical 4-level construct in the German armed forces: (a) "Fundamental/Baseline Fitness," (b) "Basic Military Fitness," (c) "Task Fitness," and (d) "Mission Fitness." "Fundamental/Baseline Fitness" is assessed with the "Basic Fitness Test." However, this test alone is not sufficient to assess readiness for the physical demands of deployments. The first part of the article describes the development of a tool mirroring the specific physiological requirements of military operations on a joint forces level. The "Basic Military Fitness Tool" (BMFT) combines 4 crucial military demands into one single timed test run performed with field uniform (5 kg), body armor (13.4 kg), and helmet (1.6 kg): (a) maneuver under fire: 130 m run with changes in direction, velocity, and body position, (b) casualty rescue: 40 m of dragging a 50 kg load, (c) load carrying: 100 m carrying of two 18 kg loads, and (d) load lifting: lifting a 24 kg load on to a 1.25 m high rack 5 times. The second part covers the first assessment of BMFT selectivity between high- and low-performing groups. Muscle mass and strength are important factors for working with loads. Thus, female soldiers are expected to need more time to complete BMFT because of their on average lower muscle mass. Eighteen female (age = 28.5 ± 6.6 years, lean body mass [LBM] = 45.0 ± 4.5 kg; mean ± SD) and 104 male soldiers (age = 30.0 ± 8.4, LBM = 64.3 ± 7.1) completed isometric strength testing (hand grip = 344.3 ± 51.4 N and 547.3 ± 79.1 N, elbow flexors = 118.9 ± 16.9 and 235.1 ± 42.0, knee extensors = 433.2 ± 87.4 and 631.4 ± 111.4) and BMFT (259.2 ± 44.0 and 150.0 ± 21.1 s). Except age, all variables differed significantly (p < 0.01) between groups.

  15. Environmental Impact Analysis Process. Environmental Assessment, U.S. Air Force, Military Airlift Command. Repair and Extension of Taxiways A, AA, and E, Kirtland Air Force Base, NM

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-08-01

    Kirtland Air Force Base New MexicoU I I Prepared for I Department of the Air Force Headquarters Military Airlift Command Scott Air Force Base, Illinois...Mariah Associates (1988), and USAF (ND). Birds are the most commonly reported wildlife in the area. Common species include the horned lark (Eremophila...already exclude all but the few species fully adapted to urban environments. These include several rodent and bird species which tolerate the noise and

  16. Heat strain during military training activities: The dilemma of balancing force protection and operational capability.

    PubMed

    Hunt, Andrew P; Billing, Daniel C; Patterson, Mark J; Caldwell, Joanne N

    2016-01-01

    Military activities in hot environments pose 2 competing demands: the requirement to perform realistic training to develop operational capability with the necessity to protect armed forces personnel against heat-related illness. To ascertain whether work duration limits for protection against heat-related illness restrict military activities, this study examined the heat strain and risks of heat-related illness when conducting a military activity above the prescribed work duration limits. Thirty-seven soldiers conducted a march (10 km; ∼5.5 km h(-1)) carrying 41.8 ± 3.6 kg of equipment in 23.1 ± 1.8°C wet-bulb globe temperature. Body core temperature was recorded throughout and upon completion, or withdrawal, participants rated their severity of heat-related symptoms. Twenty-three soldiers completed the march in 107 ± 6.4 min (Completers); 9 were symptomatic for heat exhaustion, withdrawing after 71.6 ± 10.1 min (Symptomatic); and five were removed for body core temperature above 39.0°C (Hyperthermic) after 58.4 ± 4.5 min. Body core temperature was significantly higher in the Hyperthermic (39.03 ± 0.26°C), than Symptomatic (38.34 ± 0.44°C; P = 0.007) and Completers (37.94 ± 0.37°C; P<0.001) after 50 min. Heat-related symptom severity was significantly higher among Symptomatic (28.4 ± 11.8) compared to Completers (15.0 ± 9.8, P = 0.006) and Hyperthermic (13.0 ± 9.6, P = 0.029). The force protection provided by work duration limits may be preventing the majority of personnel from conducting activities in hot environments, thereby constraining a commander's mandate to develop an optimised military force. The dissociation between heat-related symptoms and body core temperature elevation suggests that the physiological mechanisms underpinning exhaustion during exertional heat stress should be re-examined to determine the most appropriate physiological criteria for prescribing work duration limits.

  17. Cognitive Apprenticeship in Military Teacher Induction: Facilitating the Transition from War Fighter to Educator at the United States Air Force Academy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swaim, Thomas T.

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative research study examined teacher induction in the military undergraduate education context. The U.S. Air Force Academy relies on approximately 520 military and civilian instructors to educate nearly 4000 future military officers each year. It is imperative to our nation's security that these educators be highly skilled and…

  18. Cognitive Apprenticeship in Military Teacher Induction: Facilitating the Transition from War Fighter to Educator at the United States Air Force Academy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swaim, Thomas T.

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative research study examined teacher induction in the military undergraduate education context. The U.S. Air Force Academy relies on approximately 520 military and civilian instructors to educate nearly 4000 future military officers each year. It is imperative to our nation's security that these educators be highly skilled and…

  19. The prevalence and treatment of dental caries among Israeli permanent force military personnel.

    PubMed

    Sgan-Cohen, H D; Horev, T; Zusman, S P; Katz, J; Eldad, A

    1999-08-01

    A survey was conducted to determine dental caries prevalence and treatment among 1,095 25- to 44-year-old permanent force Israeli military personnel. Caries experience, by decayed, missing, and filled permanent teeth (DMFT), was 11.66, with an average of 1.37 untreated caries, 2.40 extracted teeth, and 7.90 treated teeth. Caries was positively associated with age (p < 0.001). Females demonstrated statistically higher DMFT levels than males (p = 0.009). Negative associations were detected for education levels and untreated and extracted components (p < 0.001), and a positive association was detected for the treated caries component (p < 0.001). Permanent military personnel treated by private dentists exhibited 17.6% untreated caries, compared with 9.4% among personnel treated in the army. Officers had lower levels of untreated caries (8.6%) than others (13.3%). Among the present population, 77% had attended a dental clinic in the preceding 2 years. Permanent force personnel are offered free, comprehensive, and accessible dental treatment. The data emphasize a need for further dental health education.

  20. Force and acceleration characteristics of military foot drill: implications for injury risk in recruits

    PubMed Central

    Carden, Patrick P J; Izard, Rachel M; Greeves, Julie P; Lake, Jason P; Myers, Stephen D

    2015-01-01

    Background Foot drill involving marching and drill manoeuvres is conducted regularly during basic military recruit training. Characterising the biomechanical loading of foot drill will improve our understanding of the contributory factors to lower limb overuse injuries in recruits. Aim Quantify and compare forces, loading rates and accelerations of British Army foot drill, within and between trained and untrained personnel. Methods 24 trained soldiers (12 men and 12 women; TRAINED) and 12 civilian men (UNTRAINED) performed marching and five drill manoeuvres on force platforms; motion capture recorded tibial position. Peak vertical impact force (PF), peak vertical loading rate (PLR), expressed as multiples of body weight (BW) and peak tibial impact acceleration (PTA) were recorded. Results Drill manoeuvre PF, PLR and PTA were similar, but higher in TRAINED men (PF, PLR: p<0.01; PTA: p<0.05). Peak values in TRAINED men were shown for the halt (mean (SD); PF: 6.5 (1.5) BW; PLR: 983 (333) BW/s PTA; PTA: 207 (57) m/s2) and left turn (PF: 6.6 (1.7) BW; PLR: 928 (300) BW/s; 184 (62) m/s2). Marching PF, PLR, PTA were similar between groups and lower than all drill manoeuvres (PF: 1.1–1.3 BW; PLR: 42–70 BW/s; p<0.01; PTA: 23–38 m/s2; p<0.05). Conclusions Army foot drill generates higher forces, loading rates and accelerations than activities such as running and load carriage, while marching is comparable to moderate running (10.8 km/h). The large biomechanical loading of foot drill may contribute to the high rate of overuse injuries during initial military training, and strategies to regulate/reduce this loading should be explored. PMID:27900110

  1. What Roles and Missions for Europe’s Military and Security Forces in the 21st Century?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-08-01

    and provides us with his recommendation on which forces demonstrate the greatest utility across the range of new requirements. He plows new ground...some tasks? What military and security forces are the most useful , given the novel range of threats that we face? This paper offers an analytical...mission sets; this evaluation is then used to determine which types of forces are best suited for each of the mission sets. The foregoing analysis

  2. Normative Data for the NeuroCom Sensory Organization Test in US Military Special Operations Forces.

    PubMed

    Pletcher, Erin R; Williams, Valerie J; Abt, John P; Morgan, Paul M; Parr, Jeffrey J; Wohleber, Meleesa F; Lovalekar, Mita; Sell, Timothy C

    2017-02-01

    Postural stability is the ability to control the center of mass in relation to a person's base of support and can be affected by both musculoskeletal injury and traumatic brain injury. The NeuroCom Sensory Organization Test (SOT) can be used to objectively quantify impairments to postural stability. The ability of postural stability to predict injury and be used as an acute injury-evaluation tool makes it essential to the screening and rehabilitation process. To our knowledge, no published normative data for the SOT from a healthy, highly active population are available for use as a reference for clinical decision making. To present a normative database of SOT scores from a US Military Special Operations population that can be used for future comparison. Cross-sectional study. Human performance research laboratory. A total of 542 active military operators from Naval Special Warfare Combatant-Craft Crewmen (n = 149), Naval Special Warfare Command, Sea, Air, and Land (n = 101), US Army Special Operations Command (n = 171), and Air Force Special Operations Command (n = 121). Participants performed each of the 6 SOT conditions 3 times. Scores for each condition, total equilibrium composite score, and ratio scores for the somatosensory, visual, and vestibular systems were recorded. Differences were present across all groups for SOT conditions 1 (P < .001), 2 (P = .001), 4 (P > .001), 5 (P > .001), and 6 (P = .001) and total equilibrium composite (P = .000), visual (P > .001), vestibular (P = .002), and preference (P > .001) NeuroCom scores. Statistical differences were evident in the distribution of postural stability across US Special Operations Forces personnel. This normative database for postural stability, as assessed by the NeuroCom SOT, can provide context when clinicians assess a Special Operations Forces population or any other groups that maintain a high level of conditioning and training.

  3. Military Representation: The Theoretical and Practical Implications of Population Representation in the American Armed Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-10-01

    REPRESENTATION AND SOCIAL EQUITY: PAST AND PRESENT EXPERIENCES.. ............... 103 Equity in the Military Melting Pot Black Representation in the...Vietnam The Vietnam-Era Draft in Retrospect Military Representation and Social Equity under the AVF Measures of Social Equity Implications CHAPTER V...MILITARY REPRESENTATION AND SOCIAL EQUITY: THE POLICY MAZE ........ ..................... ... 183 Benefits vs. Burdens of Military Service

  4. Meeting the healthcare needs of transgender people within the armed forces: putting UK military policy into practice.

    PubMed

    Whybrow, Dean; New, Chris; Coetzee, Rik; Bickerstaffe, Paul

    2016-12-01

    To explain how the healthcare needs of transgender personnel are met within the United Kingdom Armed Forces. It may be that when transgender people disclose their gender preference that they are at increased risk of social exclusion. The United Kingdom Armed Forces has an inclusive organisational policy for the recruitment and management of transgender personnel. This is a position paper about how the healthcare needs of transgender military personnel are met by the United Kingdom Armed Forces. United Kingdom Armed Forces policy was placed into context by reviewing current research, discussing medical terminology and describing the policy. This was followed by an account of how UK AF policy is applied in practice. Where armed forces had an inclusive policy for the management of transgender personnel, there seemed to be little cause for secrecy and zero tolerance of discrimination when compared to nations where this was not the case. Medical terminology has changed to reflect a more inclusive, less stigmatising use of language. The United Kingdom Armed Forces policy has been described as progressive and inclusive. The application of this policy in practice may be dependent upon strong leadership and training. The wider United Kingdom Armed Forces seems capable of adopting a pragmatic and flexible approach to meeting the healthcare needs of transgender personnel. The United Kingdom Armed Forces value diversity within their workforce and have a progressive, inclusive policy for the recruitment and management of transgender personnel. When supporting a transgender military person, healthcare professionals, civilian organisations and military line managers should consider referring to United Kingdom Armed Forces policy as early as possible. Other military and uniformed services may wish to examine the United Kingdom Armed Forces exemplar in order to consider the applicability within their own organisational setting. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Energy Requirements of US Army Special Operation Forces During Military Training

    PubMed Central

    Margolis, Lee M.; Crombie, Aaron P.; McClung, Holly L.; McGraw, Susan M.; Rood, Jennifer C.; Montain, Scott J.; Young, Andrew J.

    2014-01-01

    Special Operations Forces (SOF) regularly engage in physically demanding combat operations and field training exercises, resulting in high daily energy expenditure, and thus increased energy requirements. However, the majority of studies assessing energy requirements of SOF have been conducted on soldiers going through intense SOF initiation training. The objective of the current investigation was to determine the energy expenditure of SOF conducting military training operations. Thirty-one soldiers taking part in Pre-Mission Training (PMT n = 15) and Combat Diver Qualification Courses (CDQC n = 16) volunteered to participate in this observational study. Energy expenditure was determined using doubly labeled water. Body weight (83 ± 7 kg) remained stable during both training periods. Overall energy expenditure adjusted for body composition was 17,606 ± 2326 kJ·day−1. Energy expenditure was 19,110 ± 1468 kJ·day−1 during CDQC and 16,334 ± 2180 kJ·day−1 during PMT, with physical activity levels of 2.6 ± 0.2 and 2.2 ± 0.3 during CDQC and PMT, respectively. Compared to the Military Dietary Reference Intakes for energy (13,598 kJ·day−1), these data are in agreement with previous reports that energy requirement for SOF Soldiers exceed that of the average soldier. PMID:24824290

  6. Operational Stress and Correlates of Mental Health Among Joint Task Force Guantanamo Bay Military Personnel.

    PubMed

    Webb-Murphy, Jennifer A; De La Rosa, Gabriel M; Schmitz, Kimberly J; Vishnyak, Elizabeth J; Raducha, Stephanie C; Roesch, Scott C; Johnston, Scott L

    2015-12-01

    Military personnel deployed to Joint Task Force Guantanamo Bay (JTF-GTMO) faced numerous occupational stressors. As part of a program evaluation, personnel working at JTF-GTMO completed several validated self-report measures. Personnel were at the beginning, middle, or end of their deployment phase. This study presents data regarding symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, alcohol abuse, depression, and resilience among 498 U.S. military personnel deployed to JTF-GTMO in 2009. We also investigated individual and organizational correlates of mental health among these personnel. Findings indicated that tenure at JTF-GTMO was positively related to adverse mental health outcomes. Regression models including these variables had R2 values ranging from .02 to .11. Occupation at JTF-GTMO also related to mental health such that guards reported poorer mental health than medical staff. Reluctance to seek out mental health care was also related to mental health outcomes. Those who reported being most reluctant to seek out care tended to report poorer mental health than those who were more willing to seek out care. Results suggested that the JTF-GTMO deployment was associated with significant psychological stress, and that both job-related and attitude-related variables were important to understanding mental health symptoms in this sample. Copyright © 2015 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies.

  7. Weapons proliferation and organized crime: The Russian military and security force dimension

    SciTech Connect

    Turbiville, G.H.

    1996-06-01

    One dimension of international security of the post-Cold War era that has not received enough attention is how organized crime facilitates weapons proliferation worldwide. The former Soviet Union (FSU) has emerged as the world`s greatest counterproliferation challenge. It contains the best developed links among organized crime, military and security organizations, and weapons proliferation. Furthermore, Russian military and security forces are the principle source of arms becoming available to organized crime groups, participants in regional conflict, and corrupt state officials engaged in the black, gray, and legal arms markets in their various dimensions. The flourishing illegal trade in conventional weapons is the clearest and most tangible manifestation of the close links between Russian power ministries and criminal organizations. The magnitude of the WMD proliferation problem from the FSU is less clear and less tangible. There have been many open reports of small-scale fissile material smuggling out of the FSU. The situation with regard to the proliferation of chemical weapon usually receives less attention but may be more serious. With an acknowledged stockpile of 40,000 metric tons of chemical agents, the potential for proliferation is enormous.

  8. Report of the Defense Science Board task force on military system applications of superconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1988-10-01

    The Task Force found a number of superconductivity applications that could result in significant new military capabilities, including electronics and high power applications. In particular, superconducting materials could enable significant military improvements in: Magnetic Field Sensors with greatly increased sensitivity for improved detection and identification capability; Passive Microwave and Millimeter-wave Components enabling increased detection range and discrimination in clutter; Staring Infrared Focal Plane Array sensors incorporating superconducting electronics permitting significant range and sensitivity increases over current scanning IR sensors; Wideband Analog and Ultra-Fast Digital Signal Processing for radar and optical sensors; High Power Motors and Generators for ship and aircraft propulsion leading to: decreased displacement; drive system flexibility; increased range; or longer endurance on station; Magnets/Energy Storage for high power microwave, millimeter-wave or optical generators (e.g., free electron laser); capability for powering quiet propulsion systems; Electro-Magnetic Launchers capable of launching hypervelocity projectiles for antiarmor weapons and close-in ship defense weapons; and Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Propulsion enabling ultra quiet drives for submarines, torpedoes, and surface ships.

  9. Life in and after the Armed Forces: social networks and mental health in the UK military.

    PubMed

    Hatch, Stephani L; Harvey, Samuel B; Dandeker, Christopher; Burdett, Howard; Greenberg, Neil; Fear, Nicola T; Wessely, Simon

    2013-09-01

    This study focuses on the influence of structural aspects of social integration (social networks and social participation outside work) on mental health (common mental disorders (CMD), that is, depression and anxiety symptoms, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and alcohol misuse). This study examines differences in levels of social integration and associations between social integration and mental health among service leavers and personnel still in service. Data were collected from regular serving personnel (n=6,511) and regular service leavers (n=1,753), from a representative cohort study of the Armed Forces in the UK. We found that service leavers reported less social participation outside work and a general disengagement with military social contacts in comparison to serving personnel. Service leavers were more likely to report CMD and PTSD symptoms. The increased risk of CMD but not PTSD symptoms, was partially accounted for by the reduced levels of social integration among the service leavers. Maintaining social networks in which most members are still in the military is associated with alcohol misuse for both groups, but it is related to CMD and PTSD symptoms for service leavers only.

  10. CONTACT: An Air Force technical report on military satellite control technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weakley, Christopher K.

    1993-07-01

    This technical report focuses on Military Satellite Control Technologies and their application to the Air Force Satellite Control Network (AFSCN). This report is a compilation of articles that provide an overview of the AFSCN and the Advanced Technology Program, and discusses relevant technical issues and developments applicable to the AFSCN. Among the topics covered are articles on Future Technology Projections; Future AFSCN Topologies; Modeling of the AFSCN; Wide Area Communications Technology Evolution; Automating AFSCN Resource Scheduling; Health & Status Monitoring at Remote Tracking Stations; Software Metrics and Tools for Measuring AFSCN Software Performance; Human-Computer Interface Working Group; Trusted Systems Workshop; and the University Technical Interaction Program. In addition, Key Technology Area points of contact are listed in the report.

  11. GDR (Genome Database for Rosaceae): integrated web-database for Rosaceae genomics and genetics data

    PubMed Central

    Jung, Sook; Staton, Margaret; Lee, Taein; Blenda, Anna; Svancara, Randall; Abbott, Albert; Main, Dorrie

    2008-01-01

    The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR) is a central repository of curated and integrated genetics and genomics data of Rosaceae, an economically important family which includes apple, cherry, peach, pear, raspberry, rose and strawberry. GDR contains annotated databases of all publicly available Rosaceae ESTs, the genetically anchored peach physical map, Rosaceae genetic maps and comprehensively annotated markers and traits. The ESTs are assembled to produce unigene sets of each genus and the entire Rosaceae. Other annotations include putative function, microsatellites, open reading frames, single nucleotide polymorphisms, gene ontology terms and anchored map position where applicable. Most of the published Rosaceae genetic maps can be viewed and compared through CMap, the comparative map viewer. The peach physical map can be viewed using WebFPC/WebChrom, and also through our integrated GDR map viewer, which serves as a portal to the combined genetic, transcriptome and physical mapping information. ESTs, BACs, markers and traits can be queried by various categories and the search result sites are linked to the mapping visualization tools. GDR also provides online analysis tools such as a batch BLAST/FASTA server for the GDR datasets, a sequence assembly server and microsatellite and primer detection tools. GDR is available at http://www.rosaceae.org. PMID:17932055

  12. GDR (Genome Database for Rosaceae): integrated web-database for Rosaceae genomics and genetics data.

    PubMed

    Jung, Sook; Staton, Margaret; Lee, Taein; Blenda, Anna; Svancara, Randall; Abbott, Albert; Main, Dorrie

    2008-01-01

    The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR) is a central repository of curated and integrated genetics and genomics data of Rosaceae, an economically important family which includes apple, cherry, peach, pear, raspberry, rose and strawberry. GDR contains annotated databases of all publicly available Rosaceae ESTs, the genetically anchored peach physical map, Rosaceae genetic maps and comprehensively annotated markers and traits. The ESTs are assembled to produce unigene sets of each genus and the entire Rosaceae. Other annotations include putative function, microsatellites, open reading frames, single nucleotide polymorphisms, gene ontology terms and anchored map position where applicable. Most of the published Rosaceae genetic maps can be viewed and compared through CMap, the comparative map viewer. The peach physical map can be viewed using WebFPC/WebChrom, and also through our integrated GDR map viewer, which serves as a portal to the combined genetic, transcriptome and physical mapping information. ESTs, BACs, markers and traits can be queried by various categories and the search result sites are linked to the mapping visualization tools. GDR also provides online analysis tools such as a batch BLAST/FASTA server for the GDR datasets, a sequence assembly server and microsatellite and primer detection tools. GDR is available at http://www.rosaceae.org.

  13. Military Unions: The Advantages and Disadvantages of Unionization within the Armed Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    advantages and disadvantages of military unionization are presented along with the possible limitations on a military union should it become a reality...Two military unions operating with some degree of success in West Germany and Norway, respectively, are analyzed. Limitations common to both the

  14. Advances in damage control resuscitation and surgery: implications on the organization of future military field forces.

    PubMed

    Tien, Homer; Beckett, Andrew; Garraway, Naisan; Talbot, Max; Pannell, Dylan; Alabbasi, Thamer

    2015-06-01

    Medical support to deployed field forces is increasingly becoming a shared responsibility among allied nations. National military medical planners face several key challenges, including fiscal restraints, raised expectations of standards of care in the field and a shortage of appropriately trained specialists. Even so, medical services are now in high demand, and the availability of medical support may become the limiting factor that determines how and where combat units can deploy. The influence of medical factors on operational decisions is therefore leading to an increasing requirement for multinational medical solutions. Nations must agree on the common standards that govern the care of the wounded. These standards will always need to take into account increased public expectations regarding the quality of care. The purpose of this article is to both review North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) policies that govern multinational medical missions and to discuss how recent scientific advances in prehospital battlefield care, damage control resuscitation and damage control surgery may inform how countries within NATO choose to organize and deploy their field forces in the future.

  15. Advances in damage control resuscitation and surgery: implications on the organization of future military field forces

    PubMed Central

    Tien, Col Homer; Beckett, Maj Andrew; Garraway, LCol Naisan; Talbot, LCol Max; Pannell, Capt Dylan; Alabbasi, Thamer

    2015-01-01

    Medical support to deployed field forces is increasingly becoming a shared responsibility among allied nations. National military medical planners face several key challenges, including fiscal restraints, raised expectations of standards of care in the field and a shortage of appropriately trained specialists. Even so, medical services are now in high demand, and the availability of medical support may become the limiting factor that determines how and where combat units can deploy. The influence of medical factors on operational decisions is therefore leading to an increasing requirement for multinational medical solutions. Nations must agree on the common standards that govern the care of the wounded. These standards will always need to take into account increased public expectations regarding the quality of care. The purpose of this article is to both review North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) policies that govern multinational medical missions and to discuss how recent scientific advances in prehospital battlefield care, damage control resuscitation and damage control surgery may inform how countries within NATO choose to organize and deploy their field forces in the future. PMID:26100784

  16. [Evaluation of the incidence of congenital rubella in GDR].

    PubMed

    Sandow, D; Denkmann, N; Starke, G

    1976-01-01

    Annual number of congenital rubellas in GDR was evaluated by means of a mathematic model. Dates of inmunity rate of rubella in L. and P. districts obtained by means of haemagglutination inhibition reaction were taken into account. From these dates of a number of possible primary cases of rubella infection in wifes in the first 3 months of pregnancy as well as literary dates on mean number of monsters determined after the infection, i.e. 10--15--25% cases, were evaluated. There were obtained in relation with different mean numbers of monsters 37--56--93 cases of congenital rubellas for live born children from mothers at the age of 14 to 45 years. It results in total that the incidence of disease for live born children from mothers up to 45 years, is 0,2--0,5%, i.e. 2--5 children with congenital rubella on 10 000 live born children. Compared with literary data, it results a good correlation between proper evaluations and numbers of congenital rubella incidence quoted by other authors. In view of these evaluations, a conclusion to introduce protective rubella vaccination, is fully justified.

  17. The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR): year 10 update

    PubMed Central

    Jung, Sook; Ficklin, Stephen P.; Lee, Taein; Cheng, Chun-Huai; Blenda, Anna; Zheng, Ping; Yu, Jing; Bombarely, Aureliano; Cho, Ilhyung; Ru, Sushan; Evans, Kate; Peace, Cameron; Abbott, Albert G.; Mueller, Lukas A.; Olmstead, Mercy A.; Main, Dorrie

    2014-01-01

    The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR, http:/www.rosaceae.org), the long-standing central repository and data mining resource for Rosaceae research, has been enhanced with new genomic, genetic and breeding data, and improved functionality. Whole genome sequences of apple, peach and strawberry are available to browse or download with a range of annotations, including gene model predictions, aligned transcripts, repetitive elements, polymorphisms, mapped genetic markers, mapped NCBI Rosaceae genes, gene homologs and association of InterPro protein domains, GO terms and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway terms. Annotated sequences can be queried using search interfaces and visualized using GBrowse. New expressed sequence tag unigene sets are available for major genera, and Pathway data are available through FragariaCyc, AppleCyc and PeachCyc databases. Synteny among the three sequenced genomes can be viewed using GBrowse_Syn. New markers, genetic maps and extensively curated qualitative/Mendelian and quantitative trait loci are available. Phenotype and genotype data from breeding projects and genetic diversity projects are also included. Improved search pages are available for marker, trait locus, genetic diversity and publication data. New search tools for breeders enable selection comparison and assistance with breeding decision making. PMID:24225320

  18. The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR): year 10 update.

    PubMed

    Jung, Sook; Ficklin, Stephen P; Lee, Taein; Cheng, Chun-Huai; Blenda, Anna; Zheng, Ping; Yu, Jing; Bombarely, Aureliano; Cho, Ilhyung; Ru, Sushan; Evans, Kate; Peace, Cameron; Abbott, Albert G; Mueller, Lukas A; Olmstead, Mercy A; Main, Dorrie

    2014-01-01

    The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR, http:/www.rosaceae.org), the long-standing central repository and data mining resource for Rosaceae research, has been enhanced with new genomic, genetic and breeding data, and improved functionality. Whole genome sequences of apple, peach and strawberry are available to browse or download with a range of annotations, including gene model predictions, aligned transcripts, repetitive elements, polymorphisms, mapped genetic markers, mapped NCBI Rosaceae genes, gene homologs and association of InterPro protein domains, GO terms and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway terms. Annotated sequences can be queried using search interfaces and visualized using GBrowse. New expressed sequence tag unigene sets are available for major genera, and Pathway data are available through FragariaCyc, AppleCyc and PeachCyc databases. Synteny among the three sequenced genomes can be viewed using GBrowse_Syn. New markers, genetic maps and extensively curated qualitative/Mendelian and quantitative trait loci are available. Phenotype and genotype data from breeding projects and genetic diversity projects are also included. Improved search pages are available for marker, trait locus, genetic diversity and publication data. New search tools for breeders enable selection comparison and assistance with breeding decision making.

  19. Hearing threshold shifts among military pilots of the Israeli Air Force.

    PubMed

    Kampel-Furman, Liyona; Joachims, Z; Bar-Cohen, H; Grossman, A; Frenkel-Nir, Y; Shapira, Y; Alon, E; Carmon, E; Gordon, B

    2017-09-06

    Military aviators are potentially at risk for developing noise-induced hearing loss. Whether ambient aircraft noise exposure causes hearing deficit beyond the changes attributed to natural ageing is debated. The aim of this research was to assess changes in hearing thresholds of Israeli Air Force (IAF) pilots over 20 years of military service and identify potential risk factors for hearing loss. A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted of pure-tone air conduction audiograms of pilots, from their recruitment at 18 years of age until the last documented medical check-up. Mean hearing thresholds were analysed in relation to age, total flight hours and aircraft platform. Comparisons were made to the hearing thresholds of air traffic controllers (ATCs) who were not exposed to the noise generated by aircraft while on duty. One hundred and sixty-three pilots were included, with flying platforms ranging from fighter jets (n=54), combat helicopters (n=27), transport helicopters (n=52) and transport aircraft (n=30). These were compared with the results from 17 ATCs. A marked notch in the frequency range of 4-6 kHz was demonstrated in the mean audiograms of all platforms pilots, progressing with ageing. Hearing threshold shifts in relation to measurements at recruitment were first noted at the age of 30 years, particularly at 4 kHz (mean shift of 2.97 dB, p=0.001). There was no statistical association between flying variables and hearing thresholds adjusted for age by logistic regression analysis. The audiometric profile of IAF pilots has a pattern compatible with noise exposure, as reflected by characteristic noise notch. However, no flight variable was associated with deterioration of hearing thresholds, and no significant difference from non-flying controls (ATCs) was seen. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  20. Epidemiology of HIV among US Air Force Military Personnel, 1996–2011

    PubMed Central

    Hakre, Shilpa; Mydlarz, Dariusz G.; Dawson, Peter; Danaher, Patrick J.; Gould, Philip L.; Witkop, Catherine T.; Michael, Nelson L.; Peel, Sheila A.; Scott, Paul T.; Okulicz, Jason F.

    2015-01-01

    Objective The objectives of this study were to describe the epidemiology of HIV in the United States Air Force (USAF) from 1996 through 2011 and to assess whether socio-demographic characteristics and service-related mobility, including military deployments, were associated with HIV infection. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of USAF personnel who were HIV-infected during the study period January 1, 1996 through December 31, 2011 and a matched case-control study. Cases were USAF personnel newly-diagnosed with HIV during the study period. Five randomly-selected HIV-uninfected controls were matched to each case by age, length of service, sex, race, service, component, and HIV test collection date. Socio-demographic and service-related mobility factors and HIV diagnosis were assessed using conditional logistic regression. Results During the study period, the USAF had 541 newly diagnosed HIV-infected cases. HIV incidence rate (per 100,000 person-years) among 473 active duty members was highest in 2007 (16.78), among black/ African-American USAF members (26.60) and those aged 25 to 29 years (10.84). In unadjusted analysis restricted to personnel on active duty, 10 characteristics were identified and considered for final multivariate analysis. Of these single (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 8.15, 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.71–11.6) or other marital status (aOR 4.60, 95% CI 2.72–7.75), communications/ intelligence (aOR 2.57, 95% CI 1.84–3.60) or healthcare (aOR 2.07, 95% CI 1.28–3.35) occupations, and having no deployment in the past 2 years before diagnosis (aOR 2.02, 95% CI 1.47–2.78) conferred higher odds of HIV infection in adjusted analysis. Conclusion The highest risk of HIV infection in the USAF was among young unmarried deployment-naïve males, especially those in higher risk occupation groups. In an era when worldwide military operations have increased, these analyses identified potential areas where targeted HIV prevention efforts

  1. Epidemiology of HIV among US Air Force Military Personnel, 1996-2011.

    PubMed

    Hakre, Shilpa; Mydlarz, Dariusz G; Dawson, Peter; Danaher, Patrick J; Gould, Philip L; Witkop, Catherine T; Michael, Nelson L; Peel, Sheila A; Scott, Paul T; Okulicz, Jason F

    2015-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to describe the epidemiology of HIV in the United States Air Force (USAF) from 1996 through 2011 and to assess whether socio-demographic characteristics and service-related mobility, including military deployments, were associated with HIV infection. We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of USAF personnel who were HIV-infected during the study period January 1, 1996 through December 31, 2011 and a matched case-control study. Cases were USAF personnel newly-diagnosed with HIV during the study period. Five randomly-selected HIV-uninfected controls were matched to each case by age, length of service, sex, race, service, component, and HIV test collection date. Socio-demographic and service-related mobility factors and HIV diagnosis were assessed using conditional logistic regression. During the study period, the USAF had 541 newly diagnosed HIV-infected cases. HIV incidence rate (per 100,000 person-years) among 473 active duty members was highest in 2007 (16.78), among black/ African-American USAF members (26.60) and those aged 25 to 29 years (10.84). In unadjusted analysis restricted to personnel on active duty, 10 characteristics were identified and considered for final multivariate analysis. Of these single (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 8.15, 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.71-11.6) or other marital status (aOR 4.60, 95% CI 2.72-7.75), communications/ intelligence (aOR 2.57, 95% CI 1.84-3.60) or healthcare (aOR 2.07, 95% CI 1.28-3.35) occupations, and having no deployment in the past 2 years before diagnosis (aOR 2.02, 95% CI 1.47-2.78) conferred higher odds of HIV infection in adjusted analysis. The highest risk of HIV infection in the USAF was among young unmarried deployment-naïve males, especially those in higher risk occupation groups. In an era when worldwide military operations have increased, these analyses identified potential areas where targeted HIV prevention efforts may be beneficial in reducing HIV incidence in

  2. [The Russian Armed Forces Military Medical Service: condition and ways of improvement].

    PubMed

    Fisun, A Ia

    2014-01-01

    In 2013 the main efforts of the Medical Service were aimed at the following tasks: optimization of management system of military medical service, improvement of medical evacuation system, medical service security for military contingents, assigned according to territory principle to military-medical facilities of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, implementation of innovations at all stages of medical evacuation in peace- and wartime, security of combat and mobilization readiness of regulatory bodies of the Medical Service, medical military units and military medical facilities, medical service of troops battle training, improvement of material and technical resources, security of regular pharmacy and equipment supply, activation of research work in the Medical Service interests. Lines of military medicine development in 2014 are: transfer of treatment facilities that are not used by the Ministry of Defence into the Federal Biomedical Agency till the end of 2014, prevention of pneumonia and meningitis in military personnel, improvement of early diagnosis system, medical service for military contingents according to territory principle, improvement of diagnostic and treatment work in military-medical units and subunits and military-medical facilities by means of development of material and technical resources, monitor the implementation of innovative diagnostic and treatment technologies, completion of construction projects of central military hospitals and etc.

  3. Effects of a New Cooling Technology on Physical Performance in US Air Force Military Personnel.

    PubMed

    O'Hara, Reginald; Vojta, Christopher; Henry, Amy; Caldwell, Lydia; Wade, Molly; Swanton, Stacie; Linderman, Jon K; Ordway, Jason

    2016-01-01

    Heat-related illness is a critical factor for military personnel operating in hyperthermic environments. Heat illness can alter cognitive and physical performance during sustained operations missions. Therefore, the primary purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of a novel cooling shirt on core body temperature in highly trained US Air Force personnel. Twelve trained (at least 80th percentile for aerobic fitness according to the American College of Sports Medicine, at least 90% on the US Air Force fitness test), male Air Force participants (mean values: age, 25 ± 2.8 years; height, 178 ± 7.9cm; body weight 78 ± 9.6kg; maximal oxygen uptake, 57 ± 1.9mL/kg/ min; and body fat, 10% ± 0.03%) completed this study. Subjects performed a 70-minute weighted treadmill walking test and 10-minute, 22.7kg sandbag shuttle test under two conditions: (1) "loaded" (shirt with cooling inserts) and (2) "unloaded" (shirt with no cooling inserts). Core body temperature, exercise heart rate, capillary blood lactate, and ratings of perceived exertion were recorded. Core body temperature was lower (ρ = .001) during the 70-minute treadmill walking test in the loaded condition. Peak core temperature during the 70-minute walking test was also significantly lower (ρ = .038) in the loaded condition. This lightweight (471g), passive cooling technology offers multiple hours of sustained cooling and reduced core and peak body temperature during a 70-minute, 22.7kg weighted-vest walking test. 2016.

  4. [The outcomes and the lessons of medical provision of the military forces during the great patriotic war].

    PubMed

    Knopov, M Sh; Taranukha, V K

    2010-01-01

    The progressive type of the system of of the military forces during the Great Patriotic War was ensured by the following features: the availability and maintenance of the principles of integrated field military medical doctrine, the theoretical validity of the propositions of the mentioned doctrine and the implementation of advanced achievements of medicine in developing the principles of organization of medical care and methods of treatment of wounded and ill patients; the dynamic development of content and organization of curative evacuative measures and their permanent development during the War; the systematic and close interrelationships of civil and military health care which ensured the ultimately possible implementation of national health care resources and scientific technical and industrial potentials of medical and closely-related industries in the interests of development of necessary material technical foundation of curative evacuative system during all stages of war.

  5. Environmental Assessment for the Relocation of the Marine Corps Reserve Training Center, Military Police Company C, 4th Force Service Support Group from Armed Forces Reserve Center, Dayton, Ohio, to Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-02-23

    will be for the United States Marine Corps (USMC) Reserve Military Police Company C, 4th Force Service Support Group (FSSG) currently located at the...near Building 450), and Alternative 3 is near Wright Airfield (Runway 9/27), in the vicinity of the National Museum of the United States Air Force. 15...DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS UNITED STATES AIR FORCE FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT FOR RELOCATION AND CONSTRUCTION OF

  6. Adverse events following pandemic influenza vaccine Pandemrix® reported in the French military forces--2009-2010.

    PubMed

    Mayet, Aurélie; Ligier, Caroline; Gache, Kristel; Manet, Ghislain; Nivoix, Philippe; Dia, Aissata; Haus-Cheymol, Rachel; Verret, Catherine; Duron, Sandrine; Faure, Nina; Piarroux, Martine; De Laval, Frank; Simon, Fabrice; Decam, Christophe; Chaudet, Hervé; Meynard, Jean-Baptiste; Rapp, Christophe; Deparis, Xavier; Migliani, René

    2011-03-21

    In the face of the A(H1N1) 2009 influenza pandemic, in October 2009 the French military health service (SSA) initiated a large vaccination campaign with Pandemrix(®) vaccine in the military forces. The aim of this study was to describe vaccine adverse events (VAE) reported during this campaign. VAE and the number of people vaccinated were surveyed by the SSA Epidemiological network across all military forces during the campaign, from October 2009 to April 2010. For each case, a notification form was completed, providing patient and clinical information. Three types of VAE were considered: non-serious, serious and unexpected. There were 315.4 reported VAE per 100,000 vaccinations. Vaccination and VAE incidence rate peaks coincided with influenza epidemic peak in early December. The number of injected doses was 49,138, corresponding to a 14.5% vaccination coverage among military personnel, and 155 VAE were reported, including 5 serious VAE (1 Guillain-Barre syndrome, 2 malaises and 1 convulsive episode). Most VAE were non-serious (97.1%). Among these, 6 cases of local, rapidly regressive paresthesia were observed. The military VAE surveillance system constitutes the only observatory on benign VAE in France. The reporting rate was much higher after the pandemic vaccine than after the seasonal vaccine, which may be a reflection of stimulated reporting. This report provides a useful description of VAE among military personnel during a mass emergency vaccination program, showing that the tolerance of the pandemic vaccine appeared acceptable. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. The influence of sexual harassment on mental health among female military personnel of the Republic of Korea Armed Forces

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Tae Kyung; Lee, H-C; Lee, S G; Han, K-T; Park, E-C

    2017-01-01

    Introduction Reports of sexual harassment are becoming more frequent in Republic of Korea (ROK) Armed Forces. This study aimed to analyse the impact of sexual harassment on mental health among female military personnel of the ROK Armed Forces. Methods Data from the 2014 Military Health Survey were used. Instances of sexual harassment were recorded as ‘yes’ or ‘no’. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was carried out to compare Kessler Psychological Distress Scale 10 (K-10) scores. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to identify associations between sexual harassment and K-10 scores. Results Among 228 female military personnel, 13 (5.7%) individuals experienced sexual harassment. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that sexual harassment had a significantly negative impact on K-10 scores (3.486, p<0.04). Higher K-10 scores among individuals experiencing sexual harassment were identified in the unmarried (including never-married) group (6.761, p<0.04), the short-term military service group (12.014, p<0.03) and the group whose length of service was <2 years (11.067, p<0.02). Conclusions Sexual harassment has a negative impact on mental health. Factors associated with worse mental health scores included service classification and length of service. The results provide helpful information with which to develop measures for minimising the negative psychological effects from sexual harassment and promoting sexual harassment prevention policy. PMID:27084842

  8. Prevalence of PTSD and Depression, and Associated Sexual Risk Factors, among Male Rwanda Defense Forces Military Personnel

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-01

    Naval Health Research Center Prevalence of PTSD and Depression , And Associated Sexual Risk Factors, Among Male Rwanda Defense Forces Military...human subjects in research. Naval Health Research Center 140 Sylvester Road San Diego, California 92106-3521 Prevalence of PTSD and depression ...Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA Abstract objectives To assess depression and PTSD prevalence among the Rwanda Defense

  9. Is the Botswana Defence Force Poised to Attain the Level of Military Effectiveness Espoused by Its Vision

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-02-13

    security than conventional military missions. In response to the nation’s Wildlife Anti- poaching Unit’s failure to cope with increasingly violent... poaching activities, the government brought in the BDF (they would eventually take primary responsibility). In addition, the BDF began a losing battle to...missions is when it went into Lesotho with the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) (more than two decades ago). 7 Concurrently poaching in

  10. The Military Decision-Making Process and Special Forces Mission Planning: "A Square Peg for a Round Hole?"

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    second step of the Military Decision-Making Process is a staff that has a shared visualization of an operation in time and space consistent with their...organizational functions in a more efficent and timely manner. 19980731 054 14.SUBJECT TERMS MDMP, Special Forces, FOB,SFOB, AOB,SFOD-A,SOCCE,SOLE,JSOTF...multiple and simultaneous operations to perform their organizational functions in a more efficient and timely manner. in ACKNOWLEDGMENTS During the

  11. Malaria in U.S. military forces: a description of deployment exposures from 2003 through 2005.

    PubMed

    Ciminera, Paul; Brundage, John

    2007-02-01

    U.S. service members are often deployed to regions endemic for malaria. Preventive measures play an important role in mitigating the risk of disease and adverse effects on mission performance. Currently, a large contingent of U.S. forces is deployed in malarious regions in southeast and southwest Asia. The purpose of this study was to describe malaria cases reported by the tri-service reportable medical events system in terms of exposure (deployment history) and latency of infection. We conducted a retrospective analysis of population health data routinely collected for disease surveillance. All malaria reports received into the Defense Medical Surveillance System by January 3, 2006 with a date of onset between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2005 in which the individual diagnosed is a member of the active or reserve military components linked to personnel and deployment data were analyzed to determine assignment and deployment history. The main outcome measure was the ICD9-CM diagnosis of malaria (Plasmodium vivax, P. falciparum, P. ovale, P. malaria, and unspecified malaria) by date of onset and days from exposure. A total of 423 cases of malaria were reported during the study period. The Army (n = 325) and the Marine Corps (n = 46) had the highest number of reported cases. Plasmodium vivax (n = 242) and P. falciparum (n = 92) caused nearly four-fifths of all reported cases. During the period from 2003 through 2005, 34% of deployed cases were exposed to more than one malaria-endemic region. Seventy-four cases had been assigned in the Republic of Korea, and all were present in Korea during the high risk transmission period. Seventy-eight cases had documented service in Afghanistan; only 4 had off-season exposure and no other documented exposures. Sixty cases had documented exposure during Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). Only six seasonally exposed and six off seasonally exposed OIF cases had no other documented exposure. Fifty percent of Korean cases were

  12. Prevalence of hepatitis B and C viruses infection among military personnel at Bahir Dar Armed Forces General Hospital, Ethiopia.

    PubMed

    Birku, Tigist; Gelaw, Baye; Moges, Feleke; Assefa, Abate

    2015-12-01

    Military personnel are high-risk people for parenteral and sexually transmitted diseases such as hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). Data regarding HBV and HCV prevalence among military personnel in Ethiopia is limited. Hence, the study aimed to determine sero-prevalence and associated risk factors of HBV and HCV among military personnel at Bahir Dar Armed Forces General Hospital, Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a total of 403 military personnel from February to May 2015. Socio-demographic characteristics and risk factors were collected through face to face interview using structured questionnaire. HBV and HCV infection was determined using HBsAg and anti-HCV antibody rapid tests. Logistic regression analysis was employed to assess possible risk factors for HBV and HCV infections. The sero-prevalence of HBV and HCV infection were 4.2 and 0.2%, respectively. None of the study subjects were co-infected with HBV and HCV. Higher prevalence of HBV infection (11.3%) was observed in the age group of 40 and above. Being at the age of 40 years and above (COR 7.6; 95% CI 2.0-29.0, p = 0.003), history of nose piercing (COA 5.9; 95% CI 1.2-29.9, p = 0.033) and sexually transmitted infection (COR 4.3; 95% CI 1.1-16.4, p = 0.03) were significantly associated with these viral hepatitis infections. Intermediate prevalence of HBV and low prevalence of HCV were observed among military personnel. Strengthening HBV screening strategies among military personal may further reduce these viral diseases.

  13. [Diphtheria in the military forces: lessons and current status of prophylaxis, prospects of epidemiological control process].

    PubMed

    Belov, A B; Ogarkov, P I

    2014-01-01

    We analyzed the epidemiological situation of diphtheria in the world and in Russia and experience of mass vaccination of military personnel and civil population with diphtheria toxoid for the last 50 years. Early diagnosis of diphtheria in military personnel has a prognostic value. Authors described the peculiarities of epidemiological process of diphtheria in military personnel in 80-90 years of 20th century and organizational aspects of mass vaccination with diphtheria toxoid. Authors analyzed current problems of epidemiology and prophylaxis of diphtheria in military personnel and civil population and possible developments. According to long-term prognosis authors mentioned the increase of morbidity and came to conclusion that it is necessary enhance the epidemiological surveillance. Authors presented prospect ways of improvement of vaccination and rational approaches to immunization of military personnel under positive long-term epidemiological situation.

  14. [Complex analysis of the actual nutrition and nutritional conditions in the GDR].

    PubMed

    Henel, H; Mer, M

    1977-01-01

    In the GDR the nutritional balance is characterized by an excessive consumption of fats and also a slight deficiency of some mineral substances and vitamins. The consumption of food products, the calorific intake and that of nutrients depend upon the sociological structure of the society (workers, employees, collective farmers, pensioners) on the socio-economic factors (income, the household size, number of family members) and upon biological parameters. With greater expenditures on alimentation the actual nutritional pattern generally does not improve. In the GDR 20 per cent of males and 40 per cent women suffer from obesity. From among factors influencing the nutritional status subject to consideration are the sex, age, physical activity and body constitution. Model analyses carried out in GDR helped obtain some indications as to the alimentary habits in people with normal and excessive weight.

  15. [Company centredness in the rehabilitation system of the German Democratic Republic, GDR].

    PubMed

    Höhne, A; Behrens, J; Schaepe, C; Schubert, M; Zimmermann, M

    2007-08-01

    This article describes major aspects of the rehabilitation system of the former German Democratic Republic, GDR. Based on presentation of the actors in the medical and occupational rehabilitation system, differences are pointed out in comparison to the notion of rehabilitation in the former Federal Republic of Germany, FRG. The article focuses on the system of rehabilitation after stroke, which is outlined with relevant scientific literature. The health and rehabilitation system of the GDR was company-centred. Patients in rehabilitation received comprehensive care and guidance, and especially the companies played an integrative part and adjusted the occupational activity of the patients in rehabilitation to their physical and mental abilities in order to avoid early retirement. On account of the political and social transformation process as well as transfer of the health and rehabilitation legislation of the old FRG, the company-centred rehabilitation system of the GDR was replaced, implementing West German rehabilitation structures in East Germany as well.

  16. Intimate Partner Violence in the Canadian Armed Forces: Psychological Distress and the Role of Individual Factors Among Military Spouses.

    PubMed

    Skomorovsky, Alla; LeBlanc, Manon Mireille

    2017-01-01

    Unique military demands can have a significant impact upon family life. Although most Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) families are able to cope effectively with the stressors of military life, some may experience marital conflicts, contributing to spousal violence. Moreover, there is evidence that certain personal resources can buffer the impact of spousal violence on psychological distress. The present study examined the roles of spousal violence and personal resources, including coping, mastery, and social support, in the psychological distress of CAF members' spouses (N = 1,892). Hierarchical regression analyses showed that violence significantly predicted psychological distress among spouses of CAF members; although physical violence was no longer significant, emotional violence remained a unique predictor. Coping, mastery, and perceived social support, entered together, significantly predicted psychological distress among spouses, over and above the role of violence. Specifically, emotion-focused coping, mastery, and social support remained unique predictors of distress. Furthermore, perceived social support buffered the negative impact of emotional violence on psychological distress. The study has important organizational implications, illuminating the risks related to the spousal violence in the military and the psychological consequences of such violence. These results can be used to improve treatment and prevention programs, enhancing the well-being of military families.

  17. Military milk: breastfeeding rates among Australian Defence Force women who return to military service following maternity leave.

    PubMed

    Stewart, Kelley

    2015-02-01

    The breastfeeding behaviors among Australian Defence Force women have not previously been examined. Studies have shown that breastfeeding prevalence and duration are affected by maternity leave entitlements and returning to work. This study aimed to benchmark breastfeeding initiation, prevalence, and duration among a cohort of Australian Defence Force women and to compare these findings against Australian population norms. A cross-sectional survey was conducted via email in 2008 for Australian Defence Force women who had taken maternity leave in the Australian financial year of 2006/2007. Analysis of breastfeeding indicators was undertaken. Ninety-eight percent of Australian Defence Force women in this cohort initiated breastfeeding and breastfed for a median duration of 8 months, returning to work when the mean age of the child was 8.4 months. Breastfeeding prevalence did not meet 2003 Australian National Health and Medical Research Council targets by 6 months postpartum but compared favorably to the Australian population norms. Sixty-six percent of the respondents returned to work full-time, with a median breastfeeding duration of 7 months. Women who returned to work part-time had a longer median duration of 10 months. Breastfeeding rates among this cohort of Australian Defence Force women compare favorably with the general Australian population until 9 months, coinciding with returning to work after a period of maternity leave. The results support recent Australian population studies on breastfeeding and employment. © The Author(s) 2014.

  18. Prevalence and Predictors of Hookah Use in US Air Force Military Recruits

    PubMed Central

    Linde, Brittany D.; Ebbert, Jon O.; Pasker, Christin K.; Talcott, G. Wayne; Schroeder, Darrell R.; Hanson, Andrew C.; Klesges, Robert C.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Hookah use has gained recent popularity among U.S. youth. The current study describes the characteristics and correlates associated with hookah use in late adolescent and young adult US Air Force (USAF) recruits. Methods Data were obtained from a cross-sectional questionnaire of USAF personnel in Technical Training School at Joint Base San Antonio (N=10,997). Response rate was 78%. Logistic regression was used to analyze the associations between hookah use, demographic variables, other tobacco and nicotine containing product (TNCP) use, and the social environment. Results The prevalence of ever hookah use was 28%; at least monthly hookah use was 10%. Increased hookah use was positively associated with Hispanic ethnicity (OR [odds ratio] 1.52; 95% CI: 1.25, 1.85), cigarette smoking (OR 4.05; CI: 3.41, 4.82) and smokeless tobacco use (OR 1.35; 95% CI: 1.07, 1.71). Hookah use was negatively associated with age (OR 0.84; 95% 0.71 to 1.00), living as married (OR 0.54; 95% CI: 0.40-0.72), African American (OR 0.53; 95% CI: 0.40, 0.69) and ≥ 4-year degree (OR 0.54; 95% CI: 0.35, 0.82). Hookah use was highest among recruits who “many or almost all” of their friends smoked cigarettes (OR 2.43; 95% CI: 1.80, 3.30) and for those who reported willingness to try a tobacco product that claims to be safer than cigarettes (OR 3.16; 95% CI: 2.64, 3.77). Conclusions Hookah use among military recruits is similar to the civilian population. A willingness to try TNCPs claiming to be safer than cigarettes may influence hookah use. Public health campaigns disseminating accurate information about hookah health risks may be needed to reduce hookah use among youth. PMID:25841088

  19. Prevalence and predictors of hookah use in US Air Force military recruits.

    PubMed

    Linde, Brittany D; Ebbert, Jon O; Pasker, Christin K; Wayne Talcott, G; Schroeder, Darrell R; Hanson, Andrew C; Klesges, Robert C

    2015-08-01

    Hookah use has gained recent popularity among U.S. youth. The current study describes the characteristics and correlates associated with hookah use in late adolescent and young adult US Air Force (USAF) recruits. Data were obtained from a cross-sectional questionnaire of USAF personnel in Technical Training School at Joint Base San Antonio (N=10,997). Response rate was 78%. Logistic regression was used to analyze the associations between hookah use, demographic variables, other tobacco and nicotine containing product (TNCP) use, and the social environment. The prevalence of ever hookah use was 28%; at least monthly hookah use was 10%. Increased hookah use was positively associated with Hispanic ethnicity (OR [odds ratio] 1.52; 95% CI: 1.25, 1.85), cigarette smoking (OR 4.05; CI: 3.41, 4.82) and smokeless tobacco use (OR 1.35; 95% CI: 1.07, 1.71). Hookah use was negatively associated with age (OR 0.84; 95% 0.71 to 1.00), living as married (OR 0.54; 95% CI: 0.40-0.72), African American (OR 0.53; 95% CI: 0.40, 0.69) and ≥4-year degree (OR 0.54; 95% CI: 0.35, 0.82). Hookah use was highest among recruits who "many or almost all" of their friends smoked cigarettes (OR 2.43; 95% CI: 1.80, 3.30) and for those who reported willingness to try a tobacco product that claims to be safer than cigarettes (OR 3.16; 95% CI: 2.64, 3.77). Hookah use among military recruits is similar to the civilian population. A willingness to try TNCPs claiming to be safer than cigarettes may influence hookah use. Public health campaigns disseminating accurate information about hookah health risks may be needed to reduce hookah use among youth. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Effective GDR Width of 132Ce at High Spins and Temperatures from the LSD Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mazurek, K.; Kmiecik, M.; Maj, A.; Dudek, J.; Schunck, N.

    2007-04-01

    The Lublin--Strasbourg Drop (LSD) model, which reproduces quite satisfactorily the nuclear fission barriers, has been used as a basis for the thermal shape fluctuation method in order to compute effective GDR shapes of hot nuclei in particular at the regime of Jacobi shape transitions. In particular, the effective GDR width of 132Ce evolution as a function of angular momentum and temperature was calculated and compared to the existing experimental results. The need of including the effect of compound nucleus lifetime for temperatures higher than 2 MeV is discussed.

  1. U.S. Army Helicopters and U.S. Air Force Expeditionary Forces: Implications for Halting Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-06-01

    tried and proven day and night tank killer with excellent tactical range, target standoff and loiter time. Its capabilities enhance, complement, and...in Military Operations Jan S. Breemer, December 2000 20 Using Lasers in Space: Laser Orbital Debris Removal and Asteroid Deflection Jonathan W

  2. [Use of functional packages of medical stuff by military level of medical service of the Armed Forces].

    PubMed

    Miroshnichenko, Iu V; Kononov, V N; Miliaev, A V; Stupnikov, A V; Slobodeniuk, A V

    2013-11-01

    Authors submitted results of recent developments made by The Kirov Military-Medical Academy and OOO "Special medical equipment" in accordance with State defence order in the area of modernization of the system of organizational equipment of military level of medical service of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. Along with other samples of organizational equipment, new functional equipment of medical stuff was developed and approved as supply. New equipment of medical stuff meets modern requirements and is highly valuated by medical services of foreign countries. Authors came to conclusion that functional equipment which is approved as supply and included into the Supply rate provides operational flexibility of set-up/tear-down stages of medical evacuation under the conditions of battlefield, allows to deliver medical aid on the basis of innovative medical technologies.

  3. Operation Slipper: The Australian Defence Force and Private Military Contractors in Afghanistan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-21

    Decisions” (Monograph, School of Advanced Military Studies, 2013), 43-44. 29 Ryan J. Scott, “The Use of Private Security by the United Kingdom and the...30 Kevin Clarke, “Microeconomics, Private Security, and the Significance to Operational Planning” (Monograph, School of Advanced...2003. Clarke, Kevin. “Microeconomics, Private Security, and The Significance to Operational Planning.” Monograph, School of Advanced Military

  4. Transforming and Relevant: Military Police in the Operating Forces-A Paradigm Shift for the Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-04-01

    Printing Office, 11 February 1992), 1-1. Cited hereafter as U.S. Marine Corps FMFM 3-5; and Major William M. Webber , USMC, Head, Military Police Unit, HQMC...21 All organizational charts are taken from, Webber , subject: “FDP Organization Description for the...the MAGTF elements on respective core competencies, and organizes CSS to more effectively support the warfighter, see Webber , “Military Police

  5. 21st Century Combat Post-Traumatic Stress: An Effective and Resilient Military Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-30

    WITH PTSD, SENIOR MILITARY LEADERS, STIGMA WITH PTSD, PTSD SYMPTOMS, RE-EXPERIENCING, HYPERAROUSAL, AVOIDANCE, 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17...still carries a tremendous stigma not only within the culture of the U.S. military service, but also within the perception of this society...cover areas such as identifying something is wrong, the stigma of seeking medical assistance, managing PTSD after being properly diagnosed, “fitting in

  6. Authorities to Use US Military Force Since the Passage of the 1973 War Powers Resolution

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-26

    Monograph by LTC Jeremy P. McGuire US Army School of Advanced Military Studies United States Army Command and General Staff College Fort...U.S. Army Command and General Staff College or any other government agency.(References to this study should include the foregoing statement.) Fair use...Vietnam War, historian Russell F. Weigley concluded the American ways and means of war have stressed one of annihilation of the enemy’s military power

  7. Not Again! 20th Century Hollow Force Lessons Learned for the 21st Century Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-17

    made without regard to military specialty. In 1961, the United States mobilized 120,000 reservists to beef up the North Atlantic Treaty Organization...the United States can be more selective in the choice and timing of large military hardware production commitments. But it does require maintenance...operational use of horses ended in the 1920’s, yet British artillery units had a seventh man on their Table of Organization whose function was to hold the

  8. The influence of sexual harassment on mental health among female military personnel of the Republic of Korea Armed Forces.

    PubMed

    Kim, Tae Kyung; Lee, H-C; Lee, S G; Han, K-T; Park, E-C

    2017-04-01

    Reports of sexual harassment are becoming more frequent in Republic of Korea (ROK) Armed Forces. This study aimed to analyse the impact of sexual harassment on mental health among female military personnel of the ROK Armed Forces. Data from the 2014 Military Health Survey were used. Instances of sexual harassment were recorded as 'yes' or 'no'. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was carried out to compare Kessler Psychological Distress Scale 10 (K-10) scores. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to identify associations between sexual harassment and K-10 scores. Among 228 female military personnel, 13 (5.7%) individuals experienced sexual harassment. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that sexual harassment had a significantly negative impact on K-10 scores (3.486, p<0.04). Higher K-10 scores among individuals experiencing sexual harassment were identified in the unmarried (including never-married) group (6.761, p<0.04), the short-term military service group (12.014, p<0.03) and the group whose length of service was <2 years (11.067, p<0.02). Sexual harassment has a negative impact on mental health. Factors associated with worse mental health scores included service classification and length of service. The results provide helpful information with which to develop measures for minimising the negative psychological effects from sexual harassment and promoting sexual harassment prevention policy. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  9. Analysis of the change of health status among the republic of Korea air force soldiers during military service.

    PubMed

    Yoo, Seok-Ju; Park, Won-Ju; Lee, Kwan; Lim, Hyun-Sul; Kim, Hyun-Jin; Lee, Suk-Ho

    2014-07-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether the health status of Republic of Korea Air Force (ROKAF) soldiers changed after one year of military service. We selected 483 ROKAF soldiers from the 11 749 recruits who participated in the 2011 physical examination. The selected soldiers underwent another physical examination in 2012 for advancement to senior airman. Data from 2011 and 2012 were merged. To collect data on lifestyle, a questionnaire was sent to all included subjects via the military intranet e-mail service. The percentage of recruits with an abnormal alanine transaminase level (normal range <40 IU/L) decreased from recruitment (13.7%) to the following year (2.7%). Moreover, the percentage of obese soldiers (body mass index ≥25 kg/m(2)) decreased from recruitment (20.5%) to the following year (10.4%). There was a significant change in mean duration of exercise carried out each day before (0.8±1.3 hours) and after (1.0±0.7 hours) joining the ROKAF service. These ROKAF soldiers were generally in good health before and after joining the armed service. After one year of military service, the health status of most soldiers improved, especially with respect to body mass index and alanine transaminase level. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the health status of Republic of Korea Air Force (ROKAF) soldiers changed after one year of military service. We selected 483 ROKAF soldiers from the 11 749 recruits who participated in the 2011 physical examination. The selected soldiers underwent another physical examination in 2012 for advancement to senior airman. Data from 2011 and 2012 were merged. To collect data on lifestyle, a questionnaire was sent to all included subjects via the military intranet e-mail service. The percentage of recruits with an abnormal alanine transaminase level (normal range <40 IU/L) decreased from recruitment (13.7%) to the following year (2.7%). Moreover, the percentage of obese soldiers (body mass index ≥25 kg/m(2

  10. A Guide to Interagency Support for DoD: Military Force Deployment, Civilian Noncombatant Repatriation, and Military Patient Regulation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-10-01

    Mobilization Plan. Efforts are underway to develop guides to address specific responsibilities of organizations involved in industrial mobilization. The...Oifice of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Acquisition and Logistics) [OASD(A&L)l has sponsored development of industrial mobilization handbooks for... industry and government as part of this ongoing process. Similarly, OASD (Force Management and Personnel) [OASD(FM&P)l has sponsored development of a

  11. TOPEX Software Document Series. Volume 5; Rev. 1; TOPEX GDR Processing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, Jeffrey; Lockwood, Dennis; Hancock, David W., III

    2003-01-01

    This document is a compendium of the WFF TOPEX Software Development Team's knowledge regarding Geophysical Data Record (GDR) Processing. It includes many elements of a requirements document, a software specification document, a software design document, and a user's manual. In the more technical sections, this document assumes the reader is familiar with TOPEX and instrument files.

  12. GDR (Genome Database for Rosaceae): integrated web resources for Rosaceae genomics and genetics research

    PubMed Central

    Jung, Sook; Jesudurai, Christopher; Staton, Margaret; Du, Zhidian; Ficklin, Stephen; Cho, Ilhyung; Abbott, Albert; Tomkins, Jeffrey; Main, Dorrie

    2004-01-01

    Background Peach is being developed as a model organism for Rosaceae, an economically important family that includes fruits and ornamental plants such as apple, pear, strawberry, cherry, almond and rose. The genomics and genetics data of peach can play a significant role in the gene discovery and the genetic understanding of related species. The effective utilization of these peach resources, however, requires the development of an integrated and centralized database with associated analysis tools. Description The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR) is a curated and integrated web-based relational database. GDR contains comprehensive data of the genetically anchored peach physical map, an annotated peach EST database, Rosaceae maps and markers and all publicly available Rosaceae sequences. Annotations of ESTs include contig assembly, putative function, simple sequence repeats, and anchored position to the peach physical map where applicable. Our integrated map viewer provides graphical interface to the genetic, transcriptome and physical mapping information. ESTs, BACs and markers can be queried by various categories and the search result sites are linked to the integrated map viewer or to the WebFPC physical map sites. In addition to browsing and querying the database, users can compare their sequences with the annotated GDR sequences via a dedicated sequence similarity server running either the BLAST or FASTA algorithm. To demonstrate the utility of the integrated and fully annotated database and analysis tools, we describe a case study where we anchored Rosaceae sequences to the peach physical and genetic map by sequence similarity. Conclusions The GDR has been initiated to meet the major deficiency in Rosaceae genomics and genetics research, namely a centralized web database and bioinformatics tools for data storage, analysis and exchange. GDR can be accessed at . PMID:15357877

  13. Analysis of the Change of Health Status Among the Republic of Korea Air Force Soldiers During Military Service

    PubMed Central

    Yoo, Seok-Ju; Park, Won-Ju; Lee, Kwan; Lim, Hyun-Sul; Kim, Hyun-Jin; Lee, Suk-Ho

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the health status of Republic of Korea Air Force (ROKAF) soldiers changed after one year of military service. Methods: We selected 483 ROKAF soldiers from the 11 749 recruits who participated in the 2011 physical examination. The selected soldiers underwent another physical examination in 2012 for advancement to senior airman. Data from 2011 and 2012 were merged. To collect data on lifestyle, a questionnaire was sent to all included subjects via the military intranet e-mail service. Results: The percentage of recruits with an abnormal alanine transaminase level (normal range <40 IU/L) decreased from recruitment (13.7%) to the following year (2.7%). Moreover, the percentage of obese soldiers (body mass index ≥25 kg/m2) decreased from recruitment (20.5%) to the following year (10.4%). There was a significant change in mean duration of exercise carried out each day before (0.8±1.3 hours) and after (1.0±0.7 hours) joining the ROKAF service. Conclusions: These ROKAF soldiers were generally in good health before and after joining the armed service. After one year of military service, the health status of most soldiers improved, especially with respect to body mass index and alanine transaminase level. PMID:25139169

  14. Explaining Performance on Military Tasks in the Canadian Armed Forces: The Importance of Morphological and Physical Fitness Characteristics.

    PubMed

    Tingelstad, Hans Christian; Theoret, Daniel; Spicovck, Michael; Haman, Francois

    2016-11-01

    Several occupations apply physical fitness tests to assess occupational physical performance to confirm that their employees meet minimum physical employment standards. Knowledge about factors affecting performance on these physical fitness tests could provide valuable information concerning mode of training. The main purpose of this study was to determine which morphological and/or physiological characteristics could explain overall performance outcome on six complex military tasks used to measure Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) members' occupational fitness. Measures of morphology (height, weight, and body composition) and physical fitness (grip strength, shuttle run time, and plank time etc.), together with performance on six common military tasks were recorded from female (n = 127) and male (n = 294) CAF members. Results showed large differences in both morphology and physical fitness between top and bottom performers in both the male and female group. Despite large differences in morphology, multiple linear regression analyses showed that measures of upper body strength and aerobic capacity could explain a large part of the performance variability in both the male and female group. This study showed that total performance on the CAF military physical fitness test is dependent on physical fitness rather than morphology.

  15. Military Occupational Outcomes in Canadian Armed Forces Personnel with and without Deployment-Related Mental Disorders.

    PubMed

    Boulos, David; Zamorski, Mark A

    2016-06-01

    Mental disorders are common in military organizations, and these frequently lead to functional impairments that can interfere with duties and lead to costly attrition. In Canada, the military mental health system has received heavy investment to improve occupational outcomes. We investigated military occupational outcomes of diagnosed mental disorders in a cohort of 30,513 personnel who deployed on the Afghanistan mission. Cohort members were military personnel who deployed on the Afghanistan mission from 2001 to 2008. Mental disorder diagnoses and their attribution to the Afghanistan mission were ascertained via medical records in a stratified random sample (n = 2014). Career-limiting medical conditions (that is, condition-associated restrictions that reliably lead to medically related attrition) were determined using administrative data. Outcomes were assessed from first Afghanistan-related deployment return. At 5 years of follow-up, the Kaplan-Meier estimated cumulative fraction with career-limiting medical conditions was 40.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] 35.5 to 46.4) among individuals with Afghanistan service-related mental disorders (ARMD), 23.6% (CI 15.5 to 31.8) with other mental disorders, and 11.1% (CI 8.9 to 13.3) without mental disorders. The adjusted Cox regression hazard ratios for career-limiting medical condition risk were 4.89 (CI 3.85 to 6.23) among individuals with ARMD and 2.31 (CI 1.48 to 3.60) with other mental disorders, relative to those without mental disorders. Notwithstanding the Canadian military's mental health system investments, mental disorders (particularly ARMD) still led to a high risk of adverse military occupational outcomes. Such investments have intrinsic value but may not translate into reduced medically related attrition without improvements in prevention and treatment effectiveness. © Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of National Defence, 2013.

  16. U.S. Army Military Police: The Force of Choice for Defense Support to Civil Authorities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-22

    from natural disaster, acts of civil disobedience and 4Eric Gay , “A Military Helicopter Makes a Food and Water Drop to Survivors of Hurricane Katrina...Accreditation. “Accredited Academies.” https://www.fleta. gov/AboutFLETA/accredited-academies.html (accessed 5 March 2014). Gay , Eric. “A Military...14 March 2011. http://armypubs.army.mil/epubs/pdf/ r525_29.pdf (accessed 1 March 2014). Healy, Gene . “Domestic Militarization: A Disaster in the Making

  17. Physical Performance and Attrition Among U.S. Air Force Trainees Participating in the Basic Military Training Fueling Initiative.

    PubMed

    Bartlett, Carrissa G; Stankorb, Susan

    2017-01-01

    Dietary intake of military initial entry trainees is often inadequate because of the structured food environment, lack of snacking, and limited time for meals. Inadequate intake during training increases risk for injury, poor performance, and attrition from training. A performance nutrition initiative was implemented at Joint Base San Antonio Lackland to mitigate this inadequacy in Air Force trainees and better reflect recommendations for active populations and mitigate nutritional inadequacy. Trainees (N = 867) in two squadrons either received a nutrition bar before bed (snack squadron n = 423) or did not (standard squadron n = 444). This study retrospectively compared trainees' attrition and fitness measures as recorded in the Basic Military Training (BMT) Surveillance database. Both groups had similar rates of attrition and graduation at the end of 8 weeks (p = 0.23). At the start of training, only one out of four trainees in either Squadron passed the Physical Fitness Assessment (PFA). Although both squadrons' fitness measures improved as a result of the effects of training, the snack squadron had a significantly greater percent improvement in all PFA categories (p < 0.001), as represented by improved muscular fitness measures (p < 0.001), decreased median run time (p = 0.001), and greater improvement in scaled run scores (p = 0.013) as compared to the standard squadron. Those who received the snack were 1.62 (confidence interval: 1.2-2.2) times more likely to pass the PFA at 4 weeks than those who did not receive the snack. This study shows that military trainees' fitness improves with a modest nutritional supplement and suggests that optimizing overall nutrition benefits trainees. Attrition from BMT costs the U.S. Air Force up to $22,000 per trainee lost. In contrast, a trainee could receive one nutrition bar per day during BMT for $34. As the nutrition bar initiative improves fitness as well as costs less than recruiting and medically treating trainees whom

  18. Analysis and Modeling of Motor Vehicle Crashes Involving Air Force Military Personnel

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-09-01

    male drivers. These thesis results revealed the value of wearing seatbelts for the prevention of severe injuries during crashes. Finally, ANOVA...60 Figure 21. Key Military Injury Prevention Partners...and readiness, so as to prevent mishaps caused by MVCs, mitigating lost workdays, and operational costs, fatalities and injuries . The main purpose

  19. The Gap that Will Not Close: Civil-Military Relations and the All-Volunteer Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-04

    that the bonds and loyalty - that organizations try to develop in the business world C. Military leaders care more about the people 88.2 85.2 70.2...society, but also of a higher caliber then the people that it is serving. To address the proposition that a culture of consumerism impacts the AVF, one only

  20. Joint Task Force-Bravo: A Case Study in Military Operations Other Than War.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Pheasant , was initiated. The United States military elements along with their Honduran allies were in positions within thirty-six hours of the...Second, multinational exercises are effective as foreign deterrence options. Big Pine II and Operation Golden Pheasant produced diplomatic, social

  1. Military Compensation in the Armenian Armed Forces: Life Cycle Cost Model for the Armenian Army

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-01

    have been, by other sources ( Asch & Warner, 1994), (Goldberg, 2012). Of particular interest, and worth some extra discussion here, is how the...November 3, 2013, from http://www.armedforces.co.uk/armypayscales.htm Asch , B. J., & Warner, J. T. (1994). A theory of military compensation and

  2. Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force ON Control of Military Excess and Surplus Materiel

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-12-01

    Commerce Control List (CCL). Each CCL entry is preceded by a four-digit Export Control Classification Number ( ECCN ) and those ECCNs ending in the...Administration EAR Export administration Regulation ECCN Export Control Classification Number Control of Military Excess and Surplus Materiel D-1 FAA FBI

  3. Military Occupational Outcomes in Canadian Armed Forces Personnel with and without Deployment-Related Mental Disorders

    PubMed Central

    Zamorski, Mark A.

    2016-01-01

    Objective: Mental disorders are common in military organizations, and these frequently lead to functional impairments that can interfere with duties and lead to costly attrition. In Canada, the military mental health system has received heavy investment to improve occupational outcomes. We investigated military occupational outcomes of diagnosed mental disorders in a cohort of 30,513 personnel who deployed on the Afghanistan mission. Methods: Cohort members were military personnel who deployed on the Afghanistan mission from 2001 to 2008. Mental disorder diagnoses and their attribution to the Afghanistan mission were ascertained via medical records in a stratified random sample (n = 2014). Career-limiting medical conditions (that is, condition-associated restrictions that reliably lead to medically related attrition) were determined using administrative data. Outcomes were assessed from first Afghanistan-related deployment return. Results: At 5 years of follow-up, the Kaplan-Meier estimated cumulative fraction with career-limiting medical conditions was 40.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] 35.5 to 46.4) among individuals with Afghanistan service–related mental disorders (ARMD), 23.6% (CI 15.5 to 31.8) with other mental disorders, and 11.1% (CI 8.9 to 13.3) without mental disorders. The adjusted Cox regression hazard ratios for career-limiting medical condition risk were 4.89 (CI 3.85 to 6.23) among individuals with ARMD and 2.31 (CI 1.48 to 3.60) with other mental disorders, relative to those without mental disorders. Conclusions: Notwithstanding the Canadian military’s mental health system investments, mental disorders (particularly ARMD) still led to a high risk of adverse military occupational outcomes. Such investments have intrinsic value but may not translate into reduced medically related attrition without improvements in prevention and treatment effectiveness. PMID:27254844

  4. When Military Fitness Standards No Longer Apply: The High Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Recent Air Force Retirees.

    PubMed

    Cranston, Marcus M; True, Mark W; Wardian, Jana L; Carriere, Rishawn M; Sauerwein, Tom J

    2017-07-01

    Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease. With MetS prevalence rates increasing in the U.S. population, prevention efforts have largely focused on diet and exercise interventions. Before retirement, military service members have met fitness requirements for at least 20 years, and have lower MetS rates compared to age-matched U.S. population controls (23.4% vs. 39.0%), which suggests a protective effect of the lifestyle associated with military service. However, MetS rates in military retirees have not been previously reported, so it is unknown whether this protective effect extends beyond military service. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of MetS and individual diagnostic criteria in a population of recent U.S. Air Force (USAF) retirees. We obtained institutional review board approval for all participating sites at Wilford Hall Ambulatory Surgical Center. From December 2011 to May 2013, USAF retirees within 8 years of their date of retirement were recruited at five USAF bases. Consenting subjects underwent examination and laboratory studies to assess the five diagnostic criteria measures for MetS. We used binary logistic regression to examine the relationship between various factors and the presence of MetS. The study population (n = 381) was primarily male (81.9%), enlisted (71.1%) and had a mean age of 48.2 years. When applying the American Heart Association MetS diagnostic criteria to this population, the MetS prevalence was 37.2%. When using alternative diagnostic criteria found in other published studies that did not include the use of cholesterol medications, the MetS prevalence was 33.6%. Per American Heart Association criteria, the prevalence of each of the MetS diagnostic criteria was as follows: central obesity, 39.8%; elevated fasting glucose, 32.4%; high blood pressure, 56.8%; low-high-density lipoproteins cholesterol, 33.3%; and elevated triglycerides, 42.7%. MetS was more common among males

  5. Gastrointestinal illnesses among French forces deployed to Djibouti: French military health surveillance, 2005-2009.

    PubMed

    Ollivier, Lénaïck; Decam, Christophe; Pommier de Santi, Vincent; Darar, Houssein Y; Dia, Aïssata; Nevin, Remington L; Romand, Olivier; Bougère, Jacques; Deparis, Xavier; Boutin, Jean-Paul

    2010-10-01

    Despite an increase in foreign tourism and in the numbers of foreign military personnel deployed to Djibouti, little is known about the risk of gastrointestinal illness in this country in eastern Africa. To assess risk and to describe common features of gastrointestinal illnesses, reports of illness derived from military health surveillance data collected during 2005-2009 among French service members deployed to Djibouti were reviewed. Diarrhea was the most common problem; it had an annual incidence ranging from 260 to 349 cases per 1,000 person-years. The risk was higher among soldiers deployed short-term (four months) than among soldiers deployed long-term (two years). This five-year review of French health surveillance data documents a significant burden of diarrhea among French soldiers in Djibouti. The identification of factors associated with risk may permit efficient targeting of interventions to reduce morbidity from gastrointestinal illness.

  6. Enable and Succeed, Force and Fail: Military Intervention to Enable Democratization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-05-25

    the forced democratization approach, but successes in West Germany, Japan, and South Korea provide compelling counter arguments. Identifying...install democratic governments only magnifies the importance of studying why force democratization so often fails. The United States’ success in...The record of these interventions is littered with failures, suggesting limitations in the forced democratization approach, but successes in West

  7. Interaction of Drugs, Biologics, and Chemicals in U.S. Military Forces: Current and Future Issues.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-12-01

    the U.S. mili- tary, in other human populations, or in model systems (e.g., animal, in vitro , and computer)? 3. Do the experiences of the militaries...prospective animal studies. By this approach, potential hazards can first be identified in ap- propriately chosen in vitro studies. Studies can then be extended...Potential - Use matrix approach to predict or identify the interaction - Conduct studies (in vitro , animal, or human volunteer) - Use surveillance Unknown

  8. Environmental Assessment of the Privatization of Military Family Housing at Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-05-01

    congressional legislation. b. Ensures that eligible military members and their families have access to quality, attractive , and affordable housing...average annual temperature at Andrews AFB is 56 degrees Fahrenheit (ºF), the mean annual precipitation is 42.5 inches, the mean average snowfall is...surface water turbidity, which can raise water temperature and impede photosynthetic processes. Sediment runoff into surface water bodies also

  9. Establish the Delta Military Operations Areas Environmental Assessment Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    calf death, nor did cow -calf pairs exhibit increased movement in response to the overflights. Maier et al. (1998) found that cow -calf pairs of the...low-income populations. The essential purpose of EO 12898 is to ensure the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of...concluded that military overflights did not cause any calf deaths, nor did cow -calf pairs exhibit increased movement in response to the overflights

  10. Final Environmental Assessment for the Military Housing Privatization Initiative (MHPI), Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    Communities near Eielson AFB include Moose Creek to the north and Salcha to the south. Base lands include 19,790 contiguous acres bounded on the west by...Century Park South Rainbow Court Broadway Moose Lake ~ Ravenswood N 0 0.15 0.3 Purpose and Need for Action May 2011 Military Housing Privatization...Existing Housing Area Estimated Size of Lease (Acres) Length of Lease (Years) Number of Units Conveyed French Creek 50 50 215 Moose Lake 47

  11. China’s Military Transformation -- Signaling an Aggressive Global Force Projection Strategy?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-16

    outside its land and people " barbarians ." 1,2 Much of its early growth was through the conquering and subjugation of regional tribes. The 20th...their lands from the " barbarians ." Leadership. Another possible indicator about the direction of the PRC’s grand and national military...the "middle- kingdom" and all others are " barbarians ." Thirdly, Confucianism’s stable society requires unequal relationships. It is from these points

  12. The Impact of Internal Unrest and Disputed Borders on Chinese Military Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-07-26

    north . The march began with 87,000 soldiers, broke into several different groups and swarmed north . A year later, only 10,000 survivors reached...United States and the Sino-Soviet Split: The Key Role of Nuclear Superiority." Journal of Slavic Military Studies 17, no. 2 (January 2004): 271-272. 10...Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Iran have demonstrated. A middle class has arisen from Chinese economic reform, but it is not typical of its namesake in the

  13. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military Affairs, 70th Anniversary of the Soviet Armed Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-07-27

    Vodopyanov and I. Doronin—partici- pants of the Chelyushkin saga and V. Chkalov and M. Gromov who made the nonstop flights from Moscow across the North...questions of organizing and conducting two-sided exercises on the unit level, as well as in the wider use of real flights by military aviation...malfunctions. A procedure was instituted where on the eve of conducting an integrated drill they inspected the readiness of the exercise leaders

  14. The British Armed Forces Covenant - Protection for Tommy or a Civil Military Battleground

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-01

    believed that his outburst would, and knew it should, cause Mr Blair to sack him; and [Dannatt] has the guts to go through with it. Whether Mr Blair...Paris article is telling, “I agree with every word Dannatt said. But he has got to be sacked ”.37 While the analysis above shows that Dannatt was...word Dannatt said. But he has got to be sacked , The Times, Military Bargain. New York: The Continuum International Publishing Group, 2011 Ministry

  15. Effects of National Strategic Policy on the Military Engineer Force Structure from 1919 through 1991

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-11-30

    Marine Engineer, 9-10. 95 Forty, Marine Handbook, 45 29 peacetime strength for the military and the debate over the relevance of the Marines resurfaced ...https://www.afresearch.org/ skins /rims/q_mod_be0e99f3-fc56- 4ccb-8dfe-670c0822a153/q_act_downloadpaper/q_obj_994d38f1-5e99-4ee0-8ada- 41931c9f4781

  16. Policies for Managing Reductions in Military End Strength: Using Incentive Pays to Draw Down the Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    knowledge within the service, and members can foresee a slower speed of advancement or lower chance of promotion. This decreases the value of staying in...the military and could induce personnel to leave, especially those who feel that their chances of advancement are low. If the promotion system is...working to select higher performers for advancement , a decrease in promotion speed and opportunity would be proselective on quality in that lower

  17. United States Air Force Response to Problems of Child Abuse within the Military Community.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-01-01

    a physically deformed child, (5) a retarded child, (6) a colicky • ° -. ............................... ...... 43 baby, (7) an incontinent child, and...dirty diaper 1 1/2-hour constant crying 2 physicians 1 military policeman 1 social worker Sift 2 inexperienced, slightly bruised parents and 2 tender...husband from field and immediately add 1 fifth of alcohol or an equal amount of beer. Soak one teething, cranky baby in one double dirty diaper and

  18. Influence of running shoes and cross-trainers on Achilles tendon forces during running compared with military boots.

    PubMed

    Sinclair, Jonathan; Taylor, P J; Atkins, S

    2015-06-01

    Military recruits are known to be susceptible to Achilles tendon pathology. The British Army have introduced footwear models, the PT-03 (cross-trainer) and PT1000 (running shoes), in an attempt to reduce the incidence of injuries. The aim of the current investigation was to examine the Achilles tendon forces of the cross-trainer and running shoe in relation to conventional army boots. Ten male participants ran at 4.0 m/s in each footwear condition. Achilles tendon forces were obtained throughout the stance phase of running and compared using repeated-measures ANOVAs. The results showed that the time to peak Achilles tendon force was significantly shorter when running in conventional army boots (0.12 s) in comparison with the cross-trainer (0.13 s) and running shoe (0.13 s). Achilles tendon loading rate was shown to be significantly greater in conventional army boots (38.73 BW/s) in comparison with the cross-trainer (35.14 BW/s) and running shoe (33.57 BW/s). The results of this study suggest that the running shoes and cross-trainer footwear are associated with reductions in Achilles tendon parameters that have been linked to the aetiology of injury, and thus it can be hypothesised that these footwear could be beneficial for military recruits undertaking running exercises. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  19. [Shock therapy and psychosurgery in the early German Democratic Republic (GDR)].

    PubMed

    Rzesnitzek, L

    2015-11-01

    Patient files, textbooks and published articles of the time show that the wide range of psychiatric therapies of the 1950s and 1960s was also used in the early German Democratic Republic (GDR). The use of insulin coma therapy, cardiazol and electroconvulsive therapies and especially of leucotomy in the GDR must not only be seen in the context of the international development and debate concerning these therapies up to the introduction of psychopharmaceutic therapy but also, in a similar way as in the Federal Republic of Germany, in relation to the locally sometimes different availability of insulin and cardiazol in the post-war period, different schools of academic thought and scientific research interest and priorities of the clinics concerned.

  20. Training Australian Defence Force Medical Officers to civilian general practice training standards--reflections on military medicine and its links to general practice education and training.

    PubMed

    Kitchener, Scott J; Rushbrook, Elizabeth; Brennan, Leonard; Davis, Stephen

    2011-06-06

    This article examines military medicine and its links to civilian general practice education and training, drawing attention to the variations and difficulties in, and successful approaches for, training Australian Defence Force (ADF) Medical Officers. Military medicine has been an area of change over the 10 years of the Australian General Practice Training (AGPT) program. Crisis situations like those in Timor Leste and Afghanistan have focused attention and recognition on the importance of primary health care in the work of the ADF. To train doctors in military medicine, there are several different models at different locations around Australia, as well as large variations in military course and experience recognition and approvals between AGPT regional training providers. At times, the lack of standardisation in training delays the progress of ADF registrars moving through the AGPT program and becoming independently deployable Medical Officers.

  1. Comparison of the Air Force Female and Male Pilot Grounded Time in the Air Force Military Airlift Command.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-06-01

    Force School of Aerospace Medicine", Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, October 1993, pp.929-931. 9. Kantor , Jeff wry; Noble, Bart; Leisey...pilots performance, completed in 1979, by Dr. 3. Kantor .(9) I interviewed Dr. Kantor in January 1985, hoping that he would be aware of any recent

  2. [Research on Depression in the GDR - Historical Lines of Development and Therapeutic Approaches].

    PubMed

    Thormann, J; Himmerich, H; Steinberg, H

    2014-02-01

    Historical research has raised the issue of whether GDR psychiatry was isolated from Western influences to such an extent that an autonomous East German psychiatry developed. Taking a chronological approach and being based on a clearly defined range of topics, the objective of this paper is to identify specific contributions made by GDR psychiatry to academic research as well as the degree of its international orientation by focusing on the treatment and research on depression. We have performed a systematic review of the East German psychiatric journal "Psychiatrie, Neurologie und medizinische Psychologie" and a screening of all psychiatric textbooks that appeared in the GDR. Although East German psychiatry was oriented towards Soviet as well as Western developments, some internationally used therapeutic or conceptual innovations reached East German clinics only with some delay. Yet, East German psychiatrists have also contributed their own, independent nosological and therapeutic concepts to research on depression. Pivotal figures included, among others, R. Lemke (Jena), D. Müller-Hegemann (Leipzig) or K. Leonhard (Berlin). With regard to research on depression one cannot truly speak of an autonomous East German psychiatry. Developments in East and West were largely running in parallel. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  3. Women in Military Aircrews: Possible Outlooks for the French Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-05-01

    French MAC) DOD Department of Defense ERA Equal Rights Amendment FAF French Air Force FFA Forces F ~ minines de l’Air FY Fiscal Year IP Instructor...however, that the reality is much more compli- cated and that the issue is still passionate and emotional. Between hardline reactions such as " leadership ...compete for leadership positions.) Female officers graduating from the "Ecole de l’Air" (French Air Force Academy) are not eligible for this program

  4. Today`s thermal imaging systems: Background and applications for civilian law enforcement and military force protection

    SciTech Connect

    Bisbee, T.L.; Pritchard, D.A.

    1997-10-01

    Thermal (infrared) imagers can solve many security assessment problems associated with the protection of high-value assets at military bases, secure installations, or commercial facilities. Thermal imagers can provide surveillance video from security areas or perimeters both day and night without expensive security lighting. In the past, thermal imagers required cryogenic cooling to operate. The high cost and maintenance requirements restricted their use. However, recent developments in reliable, linear drive cryogenic coolers and uncooled infrared imagers have dramatically reduced system cost. These technology developments are resulting in greater accessibility and practicality for military as well as civilian security and force protection applications. This paper discusses recent advances in thermal imaging technology including uncooled and cryo-cooled. Applications of Forward Looking InfraRed (FLIR) systems are also discussed, including integration with a high-speed pan/tilt mount and remote control, video frame storage and recall, low-cost vehicle-mounted systems, and hand-held devices. Other facility installation topics will be discussed, such as site layout, assessment ranges, imager positioning, fields-of-view, sensor and alarm reporting systems, and communications links.

  5. Determining the level of job satisfaction of nurses working at Turkish military forces hospitals.

    PubMed

    Demir, Cesim; Ozaltin, Hazim; Celik, Yusuf

    2002-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the level of job satisfaction of nurses working at Turkish military hospitals. A questionnaire was prepared as a data-gathering tool. This study measured the job satisfaction level at two stages. At the first stage, nurses' expectations for their jobs were measured with a Likert-type scale; at the second stage, the current level of satisfaction was determined. The differences between expectations and current level of satisfaction was calculated as the level of job satisfaction.

  6. When Military Parents Come Home: Building "Strong Families Strong Forces," a Home-Based Intervention for Military Families with Very Young Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paris, Ruth; Acker, Michelle L.; Ross, Abigail M.; DeVoe, Ellen R.

    2011-01-01

    The long wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have presented unique challenges to military-connected families with very young children, yet few evidence-based services are available to support these families through deployment and reintegration. Although many military families have shown remarkable resilience throughout the intense demands of the wars,…

  7. When Military Parents Come Home: Building "Strong Families Strong Forces," a Home-Based Intervention for Military Families with Very Young Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paris, Ruth; Acker, Michelle L.; Ross, Abigail M.; DeVoe, Ellen R.

    2011-01-01

    The long wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have presented unique challenges to military-connected families with very young children, yet few evidence-based services are available to support these families through deployment and reintegration. Although many military families have shown remarkable resilience throughout the intense demands of the wars,…

  8. Bosnia and the European Union Military Force (EUFOR): Post-NATO Peacekeeping

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-12-05

    Gian Marco Chiarini taking over as EU Force Commander. ! On November 13, 2006, EU foreign and defense ministers considered a proposal to reduce EUFOR’s...December 5, German Rear Admiral Hans-Jochen Witthauer replaced General Marco Chiarini as EU Force Commander for EUFOR-Althea. EUFOR Outlook The

  9. Force of No Choice: The Role of the Military in Interagency Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-19

    of influence able to be established by occupying forces over indigenous populations. In an era of globalised communications and continuous media...initial degree of influence able to be established by occupying forces over indigenous populations. In an era of globalised communications and near...easily be seen as favoring more developed nations. Globalised media, communications, travel and the

  10. The Absurdity of Moderation in War: Is Military Force a Credible Means to Compel United States Political Will in the 21st Century?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-01

    Cooper, a former Director of the Defense Advanced Projects Research Agency, spelt out the underlying cultural calculus : “It’s my view that this society...POLITICAL WILL IN THE 21ST CENTURY? Mark C. P. Ellwood MBE Lt Col, British Army Joint Forces Staff College - NDU Joint Advanced Warfighting School 7800...COLLEGE JOINT ADVANCED WARFIGHTING SCHOOL THE ABSURDITY OF MODERATION IN WAR: IS MILITARY FORCE A CREDIBLE MEANS TO COMPEL UNITED STATES

  11. The Next Generation Senior Military Logistician: An Empirical Study of United States Air Force Lieutenant Colonels.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-09-01

    STATES AIR FORCE LIEUTENANT COLONELS - THESIS John K. Beals Captain, USAF AFIT/GLM/L.SZM/6 7S - 3 -- I DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE AIR UNIVERSITY 87 12 .09...specialists has not been agreed upon, there have been some resent proposals. Zavada reported one such proposal was made by Colonel 4M William McKinsey ...this research. Scorin guidelines. The same weightings developed :y :avada for each model component were ised to ,2ompute a mode ! score for each

  12. 2002 IDA Cost Research Symposium: Estimating the Costs of Transforming U.S. Military Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-08-01

    positioned assets: Modernized Maritime and Afloat Pre- Positioning Forces – Advanced capability ships such as the Strategic Tanker The critical...and advanced capability ships, e.g., the strategic tanker . VII-9 10 Dominating Land, Sea, Air and Space Battlespace • Objective: Counter...Forces Advanced Strategic Tanker Poor Poor Poor Poor Poor Poor Fair Fair Good Fair Good Good The weapon systems shown on this slide are identified as

  13. [Studies on prenosological diagnostics of health of armed forces personnel on compulsory military service].

    PubMed

    2012-01-01

    Federal budget scientific institution "Nizhny Novgorod research institute for hygiene and occupational pathology", Federal service of supervision in sphere of protection of the rights of consumers and wellbeing of the person. The authors have evaluated physical development of contract military persons divided in following age groups (under 30, 30-34, 35-39, 40-44, 45-49, over 50 years old), according to morphofunctional indices, index of functional measurement in human organism, pathological affection. Obtained data give evidence about presence of health risk factors in all observed groups. Preventive measures are the most necessary in 1 and 2 groups. The highest health risk group is age group of 35-39 years old.

  14. Military Hydrology. Report 4. Evaluation of an Automated Water Data Base for Support to the Rapid Deployment Joint Task Force (RDJTF).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-11-01

    AD-AI09 590 BATTELLE COLUMBUS LASS ON F,. 8/6 MILITARY HYDROL.OGY. REPORT 4. EVALUATION OF AM AUTOMATED WATER --ETC(U) NOV 81 H W CALKINS, T Rt...MISCELLANEOUS PAPER EL-79-6 MILITARY HYDROLOGY Report 4 EVALUATION OF AN AUTOMATED WATER DATA BASE FOR SUPPORT TO THE RAPID DEPLOYMENT JOINT TASK FORCE...Report 4, S. TYPE OF REPORT & PERIOD COVERED EVALUATION OF AN AUTOMATED WATER DATA BASE FOR Report 4 of a series SUPPORT TO THE RAPID DEPLOYMENT JOINT

  15. Military Forces: What is the Appropriate Size for the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-24

    another Army division could require more Air Force tactical air control parties and training sorties. 8 Joseph C. Anselmo , “Pentagon Plans for...For FY2006: Army, 512,400; Navy 352,700; Marine Corps, 179,000; and, Air Force, 357,400. 12 Joseph C. Anselmo , “Pentagon Plans for Bigger, Better Army...359,300 to 388,000; the Marine Corps from 175,000 to 190,000; and, left the Navy at 373,800. 16 Anselmo , op. cit., “Duncan Hunter, R-Calif., chairman of

  16. Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps Indicators of Leadership Development in Undergraduate Military Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shannon, Christopher C.

    2013-01-01

    The selection and retention assessment process is dynamic. Dipboye, Smith, and Howell (1994) argued that the most influential portion of the final hiring process is the result of the interviewer's impression of the applicants. The Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps program is responsible for selecting, retaining and ultimately hiring…

  17. Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps Indicators of Leadership Development in Undergraduate Military Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shannon, Christopher C.

    2013-01-01

    The selection and retention assessment process is dynamic. Dipboye, Smith, and Howell (1994) argued that the most influential portion of the final hiring process is the result of the interviewer's impression of the applicants. The Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps program is responsible for selecting, retaining and ultimately hiring…

  18. An Analysis of the Design-Build Delivery Approach in Air Force Military Construction

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-01

    Budget projects awarded NLT 31 Mar 06. Congressional Insert Projects FY06 Congressional Insert projects awarded NLT 30 Sep 06 CWE/PA Ratio The sum of the...Pacific Air Forces (PACAF) (2004). Automated Civil Engineer System Project Management (ACES-PM) Desktop Reference Manual. Conifer CO: OLA

  19. Report of the Defense Task Force on Sexual Harassment and Violence at the Military Service Academies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Defense, 2005

    2005-01-01

    In creating this report the Task Force gathered information by conducting site visits; communicating with numerous individuals, including victims; reviewing the Department of Defense survey data; reviewing Academy and Service policies, reports, and data; consulting with subject matter experts; and communicating with related committees and task…

  20. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military Affairs, The Armed Forces Disaster Relief Effort in Armenia.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    According to the Yerevan seismic station, the tremors measured more than force 10 in the epicenter, which was in the area of the city of Leninakan. It...room for over 100,000 people, 22,000 padded jackets and trousers (mainly for the rural regions), and thousands of hats with earflaps and warm mittens

  1. New empirical formula for (γ, n) reaction cross section near GDR peak for elements with Z ⩾ 60.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Makwana, Rajnikant; Mukherjee, S.; Wang, Jian-Song; Chen, Zhi-Qiang

    2017-04-01

    A new empirical formula has been developed that describes the (γ, n) nuclear reaction cross sections for isotopes with Z ⩾ 60. The results were supported by calculations using TALYS - 1.6 and EMPIRE - 3.2.2 nuclear modular codes. The energy region for incident photon energy has been selected near the giant dipole resonance (GDR) peak energy. The evaluated empirical data were compared with available data in the experimental data library EXFOR. The data produced using TALYS - 1.6 and EMPIRE - 3.2.2 are in good agreement with experimental data. We have tested and presented the reproducibility of the present new empirical formula. We observe the reproducibility of the new empirical formula near the GDR peak energy is in good agreement with the experimental data and shows a remarkable dependency on key nuclei properties: the neutron, proton and atomic number of the nuclei. The behavior of nuclei near the GDR peak energy and the dependency of the GDR peak on the isotopic nature are predicted. An effort has been made to explain the deformation of the GDR peak in (γ, n) nuclear reaction cross sections for some isotopes, which could not be reproduced with TALYS - 1.6 and EMPIRE - 3.2.2. The evaluated data have been presented for the isotopes 180W, 183W, 202Pb, 203Pb, 204Pb, 205Pb, 231Pa, 232U, 237U and 239Pu, for which there are no previous measurements.

  2. Military Business Success

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-06-01

    NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA MBA PROFESSIONAL REPORT Military Business Success By: Lieutenant...TITLE AND SUBTITLE: Military Business Success 6. AUTHOR(S) Ahmad, Mohamad Krastev, Radostin Puciato, Arkadiusz 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 7. PERFORMING...unlimited. MILITARY BUSINESS SUCCESS Mohamad Ahmad, Lieutenant Colonel, Malaysian Air Force Radostin Krastev, Captain, Bulgarian Air

  3. Properties of Hot Nuclei at Extreme Angular Momenta Studied by the GDR

    SciTech Connect

    Maj, Adam; Kmiecik, Maria; Schunck, Nicolas; Styczen, Jan

    2005-11-21

    Hot nuclei, from both heavy and light mass regions, were investigated at extreme angular momenta by means of the gamma decay of Giant Dipole Resonance. It was found that the 216Rn nucleus possesses an almost spherical equilibrium shape up to the fission limit, while 46Ti undergoes a Jacobi shape transition. Preferential feeding of the highly deformed band in 42Ca by the low energy GDR component in 46Ti is found. The experimental results are interpreted within the newest liquid drop model LSD.

  4. Urban Counterinsurgency: Case Studies and Implications for U.S. Military Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-10-01

    Inteligencia de las Fuerzas Armadas (Armed Forces Intelligence Service)--Venezuela SP self-propelled (self-propelled guns) TKT Turk Mukavemet...pro- -de new powers to government and yet preserve social goods. Communications designed to protect the incumbent government image from predictable...content. Even if the purpose is to alter government economic or social policies, this is a clearly Dolitical purpose, as it aims at policy change

  5. Orchestra of Change: Strategically Harmonizing National Character, Military Forces, and the Character of War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    SPACE STUDIES AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AIR FORCE BASE , ALABAMA JUNE 2015 DISTRIBUTION A. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited...its recommendations more robust. Limitations and Assumptions This paper presents a generalized theory of strategy based upon Clausewitz’s trinity...debating a single version of revolution risks missing the opportunity presented to the strategist by synthesizing revolution’s multiple forms to generate

  6. [Results of the experiment of skin disease reduction in military personnel of Air-Force troops].

    PubMed

    Samtsov, A V; Glad'ko, V V; Goriachev, A I; Kalachev, O V; Deriabin, V F; Adon'ev, V S; Ustinov, M V

    2010-11-01

    The article reflects the results of the experiment of skin disease reduction in the Airborne troops. Some aspects of skin disease in the individual armed services are revealed, the reasons of its increase in comparison with the analogous data in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in whole, concrete measures to reduce the number of diseases are offered. The most effective interventions are clothing exchange and bath operations 2 times a week, as well as the use of personal hygiene kits.

  7. Teutoburg Forest, Little Bighorn, and Maiwand: Why Superior Military Forces Sometimes Fail

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-12

    Little Bighorn Reconstructed. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993. Greenberg, William L. General Crook and Counterinsurgency Warfare. Fort...Colonel Gibbon located in current-day Montana, a large detachment of cavalry and infantry under General Crook , and another large force commanded by...columns would be led by Crook in the south, Terry in the east, and Gibbon in the west. However the plan might have looked on paper, in execution

  8. Advising Host Nations and Host Nation Security Forces: The United States Military Advisory Efforts through 2020

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-22

    Forces AOR Area of Responsibility ARCENT US Army Central ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASI Additional Skill Identifier AWG ...Development (RAND) Corporation, at the bequest of the Army’s Asymmetric Warfare Group ( AWG ) between January and April 2013 in Afghanistan, 58 percent of those...ABCT while deployed. The U.S. Army Asymmetric Warfare Group ( AWG ) conducted an overview of how it provides operational advisory and Solution

  9. Annex to the Report of the Defense Task Force on Sexual Assault in the Military Services

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    Knowledge a. Text. “(a) Any person subject to this chapter who commits an act of sexual intercourse by force and without consent, is guilty of rape ...circumstances not amounting to rape , commits an act of sexual intercourse with a person— (1) who is not his or her spouse; and (2) who has not attained the...range of sex-related criminal offenses (i.e., rape , carnal knowledge, sodomy (forcible and consensual), indecent assault, indecent acts or liberties

  10. Final Environmental Assessment for the Military Housing Privatization Initiative (MHPI), Moody Air Force Base, Georgia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-01

    transport of eroded soils into nearby drainages. In undeveloped areas, the quality and productivity of soil are critical components of agricultural ... sedimentary sands and clays. Alluvial soils near streams and tributaries generally originated from material eroded from the uplands (U.S. Air Force...a prime farmland soil type. Table 3-6. Soil Types at Moody AFB Housing Parcel Soil Acres Restrictive Development Soil Features for Dwellings

  11. Contract versus Military Pilot Training in Today’s Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-05-01

    payback. Taxpayer expectation, Reagan administration philosophy of decentralization and pro-business government, and aggressive business marketing ...cost. Contracting is cheaper by about 20 per cent. AF’s main argument, and for some reason we 7 have been unable to adequately communicate this...that contract instruction would exacerbate rather than alleviate the pilot shortage by establishing a competing job market for Air Force trained

  12. Costs of Supporting and Modernizing Current U.S. Military Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-09-01

    will postpone some defense expenditures . Details of these slowdowns are not yet publicly available, but for the sake of illustration CBO has assumed...costs by electing to modernize a smaller force or by maintaining lower operating tempos. Efficiencies in defense spending also might offset some future...Average Annual Real Growth 1990-1994: 3 percent to 4 percent 1990-2000: 1 percent to 2 percent Total Defense Spending 1990-1994: $1.6trilion to

  13. NATO Transformation and Operational Support in the Canadian Forces: Part 2: The Military and Institutional Dimensions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-11-01

    difficile. C’est dans ce contexte que les pays membres de l’OTAN élaborent un nouveau concept stratégique – le premier du genre depuis plus d’une...fait que bon nombre de projets multinationaux ont été mis en œuvre au cours des récentes années, ce qui montre une forte volonté de regrouper les...4745196&c=EUR&s=TOP, accessed on 13 August 2010. 17 Government of Canada, Canada First Defence Strategy, http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/pri/first- premier

  14. Organizing for Coalition Warfare: The Role of East European Warsaw Pact Forces in Soviet Military Planning

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-09-01

    Central Army Group (NATO) CFM Committee of Foreign Ministers (WTO) C-in-C Commander-in-Chief CP Communist Party CPSU Communist Party of the Soviet Union CWC...8217 4,100 832 2 Navies Major and minor warships 300W Few’ < 1 SOURCES: D. . Ustinov, Marshal of the Soviet Union , Chairman of the Main Editorial Commission...of Group of Soviet Forces in Germany (GSFG) disions with Northern Tier East Europea divisions Soviet armored division, Category 1 1.00 Soviet MD

  15. Challenges Facing Military Organizational Cultural Reform: A study of the 2004 Air Force Materiel Command Reorganization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-03-01

    organizational cultures (Shafritz and Ott, 2001). Increased competition in global markets has forced the U.S. industry to take a new look at the way...the Commander, presented a briefing on study results regarding the resizing of headquarters based on ratios found in industry of supervisors-to...Some College Associates Degree Bachelors Degree Graduate Degree Doctorat e Other .6% 6.3% 2.5% 24.5% 55.3% 6.9% 3.7% Table 14: Time in

  16. Military Forces: What is the Appropriate Size for the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-01-03

    sorties). 8 Joseph C. Anselmo , “Pentagon Plans for Bigger, Better Army With ‘Spike,’” CQ Weekly, January 31, 2004, p. 270. “pockets of unreadiness...for FY2005 are: Army, 502,400; Navy, 365,900; Marine Corps, 178,000; and, Air Force, 359,700. 12 Joseph C. Anselmo , “Pentagon Plans for Bigger, Better...from 359,300 to 388,000; the Marine Corps from 175,000 to 190,000; and, left the Navy at 373,800. 16 Anselmo , op. cit., “Duncan Hunter, R-Calif

  17. Military Forces: What is the Appropriate Size for the United States?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-02-10

    8 Joseph C. Anselmo , “Pentagon Plans for Bigger, Better Army With ‘Spike,’” CQ Weekly, Jan. 31, 2004, p. 270. Concerns about increased requirements...Air Force, 359,700. 12 Joseph C. Anselmo , “Pentagon Plans for Bigger, Better Army With “Spike”,” Congressional Quarterly Weekly, January 31, 2004, p...left the Navy at 373,800. 16 Anselmo , op. cit., “Duncan Hunter, R-Calif., chairman of the HASC, is pushing for the permanent addition of two Army

  18. Medical Malpractice Claims Against Military and Civilian Personnel of the Armed Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-08-24

    Civilian Personnel of the Armed Forces References: (a) Public Law 94-464, & l(a), 90 Stat. 1985, Title 10, United States Code, SectionD TI 1089 (f)ELECTE (b...OF AUTHORITY 1. The authority vested in the Secretary of Defense by I, ’I Title 10, U.S. C., section 1089 (f) (reference (a)) to hold harm- /’i...Title 10, U.S. C., section 1089 (f) (reference (a)). D. PROCEDURES 1. In all cases under Title 10, U.S.C., section 1089 , medical per- sonnel shall be

  19. Advanced Technology Development Program for Lithium-Ion Batteries: Gen 2 GDR Performance Evaluation Report

    SciTech Connect

    Jon P. Christophersen; Chinh D. Ho; Gary L. Henriksen; David Howell

    2006-07-01

    The Advanced Technology Development Program has completed the performance evaluation of the second generation of lithium-ion cells (i.e., Gen 2 cells). This report documents the testing and analysis of the Gen 2 GDR cells, which were used to learn and debug the newly developed Technology Life Verification Test Manual. The purpose of the manual is to project a 15-year, 150,000 mile battery life capability with a 90% confidence interval using predictive models and short-term testing. The GDR cells were divided into two different matrices. The core-life test matrix consisted of calendar- and cycle-life cells with various changes to the four major acceleration factors (temperature, state-of-charge, throughput, and power rating). The supplemental-life test matrix consisted of cells subjected either to a path dependence study, or a comparison between the standard hybrid pulse power characterization test and the newly-developed minimum pulse power characterization test. Resistance and capacity results are reported.

  20. [Veterinary medicine of the GDR in strained relations between technical instructions and political guidelines].

    PubMed

    Prange, H; Azar, J

    2003-01-01

    The development of Veterinary Medicine in the Soviet Occupation Zone in Germany and the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) is sketched in highlights. After the collectivization of agriculture (1960) a centralistically controlled national veterinary system was established. It was suited to the requirements of the industrially organized animal production. The successive classification of socialistic veterinary administration was associated with the following matters: the extension of veterinary subject matters, a vertical division of work with the aid of newly created technical veterinary professions, and a penetration of the profession with political guidelines. As the professional level of the veterinary system in the GDR was relatively high the reflection in retrospective needs to be evaluated in a differentiated way considering the textual and social conditions. In spite of centralism and indoctrination the veterinary system remained professionally autonomous with islands of political independence, which sustained the identity of this profession. The latter formed the base for self renewal of the East German veterinary system at the end of the socialistic area 1989/1990.

  1. Military Perspectives on Cyberpower

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-07-01

    Zimet and Charles L. Barry Military cyberpower is the application of the domain of cyber- space to operational concepts to accomplish military objec...pable global backbone, unrestrained information sharing among com- mands, and truly interoperable networks wherein every authorized user can access...Special Operations Forces (SOF), and space forces performing missions around the world, and their supporting in- telligence networks. DOD divides

  2. Description of Officers and Enlisted Personnel in the U.S. Armed Forces. A Reference for Military Manpower Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doering, Zahava D.; And Others

    As part of a project to improve the quality of survey data and to link survey data to policy formulation and research needs in the military, a study was made of more than 54,000 men and women military officers and enlisted personnel in 1978-79. The survey sought information about their personal preferences and attitudes, past behavior, and career…

  3. Joint Task Force - Bravo: The U.S. Military Presence in Honduras, U.S. Policy for an Evolving Region

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-05-06

    cultural machismo of Latin American militaries makes rank very important in the minds of Latin American officers. Also, the DAO and USMilGP positions are...elected in Nicaragua. The military dictatorship in Haiti, recent coup attempt in Venezuela and insurgency in Mexico point to a Hemisphere that is not

  4. On the Social Status and Career Prospects of Youth in Agriculture in the GDR (German Democratic Republic).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tittel, Guenter

    The new Youth Act passed by the People's Chamber of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in 1974 assumes that the interests of young people concur with the interests of their socialist society and state, for it reforms the rights and conditions for the further development of young people and defines their duties and responsibilities in terms of…

  5. GDR as a Probe of the Collective Motion in Nuclei at High Spins, Temperatures or Isospins

    SciTech Connect

    Maj, Adam

    2008-11-11

    The gamma-decay of the Giant Dipole Resonance (GDR), the high-frequency collective vibration of protons against neutrons, has been proven to be a basic probe for the shapes of hot nuclei, especially to study the effective shape evolution caused by the collective rotation of a nucleus. In this context an interesting question arises: what is the nuclear shape at extreme values of spin or temperatures, close to the limit impose by another collective motion--fission, and how evolves the giant dipole collective vibrations as a function of isospin. Short overview of the results from the experiments aimed to answer these questions are presented and possible perspectives of these type of studies for exotic nuclei to be obtained with the novel gamma-calorimeter PARIS and soon available intense radioactive beams are discussed.

  6. [The role of preventive chemotherapy in the present tuberculosis epidemiology of GDR (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Krebs, A

    1977-01-01

    The risk of "Gesunde Befundträger" (healthy carriers of pulmonary lesions) to develop pulmonary tuberculosis is compared with that of persons with X-ray shadows in the lung. In the group of "Gesunde Befundträger" this risk can be further differentiated, being highest among males with positive tuberculin skin test and more extended X-ray shadows in the lung. Judging from a follow-up of 4 years in the double-blind trial on isoniazid preventive treatment in persons with fibrotic lesions, the risk of developing pulmonary tuberculosis is reduced by 2/3 by giving 300 mg isoniazid daily during 24 weeks. In the present epidemiological stage of tuberculosis in GDR, preventive treatment of persons with highest risk of developing tuberculosis disease is the most promising prophylactic measure. The recommedations to reduce side-effects must be observed.

  7. Military History of the American Revolution. Proceedings of the Military History Symposium (6th) Held at the Air Force Academy, Colo. on 10-11 October 1974,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-01-01

    in 1776 and not maintained subsequently because forces were dispersed ."• Evidence that the timing of the Dcclaratior. wi independence was in part...that it was determined to make them submit by taking or sinking their ships, devastating their ports, destroying their armed forces, and dispersing ...Still, it was confident that such a force of regulars would be able to disperse any number of untrained colonists and that Britain would gain a

  8. A PERSPECTIVE ON MILITARY MEDICAL SERVICE ROLE IN STABILIZATION OPERATIONS: EXPANSION OF AIR FORCE MEDICAL SERVICE CAPABILITIES INMEDICAL DIPLOMACY

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-04-06

    iv Abstract This research paper advocates that the US military health workers will be more effective in medical diplomacy than their NGO...environments, civilian aid workers are restricted in conducting their missions creating a critical “gap” in rebuilding health care infrastructure in...in stabilizing the area. The military health workers through medical diplomacy with early intervention during the transition phase can assist the JTF

  9. Reaching a consensus on management practices and vaccine development targets for mitigation of infectious diarrhoea among deployed US military forces.

    PubMed

    Riddle, Mark S; Tribble, David R

    2008-04-01

    This study is part of a research effort to identify and quantify factors related to the cost-effectiveness of a vaccine acquisition strategy to reduce the burden of infectious diarrhoea on US military personnel deployed overseas. Where evidence is lacking in the scientific literature, or considerable uncertainty exists, it is often necessary to develop best estimates with ranges of certainty. To this end, a modified 'Delphi' survey technique to obtain the best estimates for uncertain parameters including clinical care-seeking behaviour for acute diarrhoea, routine diarrhoea management in a deployed setting, and vaccine development time frames and costs were developed from a diverse panel of experts. The study was conducted in three survey iterations. During each iteration, participants were contacted and given 2-3 weeks to complete a web-based survey designed to ascertain estimates, ranges of variability, and level of certainty for these estimates. In all, 25 of 43 solicited experts agreed to participate in the study. These included three (12%) experts who identified themselves primarily as being currently involved in Vaccine Industry, six (24%) Academic/Military Diarrheal Vaccine Development, five (20%) Military Product Acquisition, five (20%) Military Preventive Medicine, two (8%) Tropical/Travel Medicine and four (16%) Military Clinical Infectious Disease. Management practices in deployed military populations (for both provider and self-treatment) were consistent with recently published literature. Similar target time frames for vaccine licensure were established for Enterotoxigenic E. coli, Campylobacter, Shigella and Norovirus of around 9-11 years. Targets for vaccine efficacy appear to be lower than currently licensed travel vaccines (60-80%), and there was consensus on more conservative adverse event rates. These data should prove useful to researchers and policy makers working in the area of vaccine acquisition for the US military and provide continued

  10. Military Strategy,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1968-01-01

    with a grass surface. This aircraft has the following cal- culated characteristics: maximum «peed 2500-2700 km/hour, service cell - ing up to...mobi- lisation of all the national resources to repel the enemy, and the systematic growth of the technical equipment of our Armed Forces. For...bombers. Cannon- machlnegun aircraft weapons have been replaced by rocket weapons. In recent years the speed and celling of military planes has

  11. U.S. Army Helicopters and U.S. Air Force Expeditionary Forces: Implications for Halting Military Operations (Occasional Paper Number 22)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-06-01

    proven day and night tank killer with excellent tactical range, target standoff and loiter time. Its capabilities enhance, complement, and support...Military Operations Jan S. Breemer, December 2000 20 Using Lasers in Space: Laser Orbital Debris Removal and Asteroid Deflection Jonathan W

  12. All the Missiles Work: Technological Dislocations and Military Innovation: A Case Study in US Air Force Air-to-Air Armament, Post-World War II through Operation Rolling Thunder

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    DREW PAPERS THE Steven A. Fino Lieutenant Colonel, USAF 12 “All the Missiles Work” Technological Dislocations and Military Innovation A Case Study...2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE All the Missiles Work: Technological Dislocations and Military Innovation: A Case Study in US Air Force Air-to-Air...technological dislocations advanced by this thesis is a refinement of Hughes???s theory and is more reflective of the complex, interdependent

  13. Military and Contractor Justice in Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    PI) governed under Article 32 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice.xliv For the most serious offenses, such as murder or manslaughter, the IG...mission in Iraq. While the military is governed under the Uniform Code of Military Justice, and the application of deadly force determined...mission of the military should be held accountable for their actions in the same manner as the US military, under the Uniform Code of Military

  14. Hebrew Military Reader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abarbanel, Joel I.

    Designed to give the military student a broad range of vocabulary on military subjects and a general understanding of the structure and operations of the Israel Defense Forces, this reader parallels advanced materials prepared for Foreign Service students of Hebrew and consists of short reading passages, each followed by a vocabulary list…

  15. Staphylococcus aureus and other skin and soft tissue infections among basic military trainees, Lackland Air Force Base, Texas, 2008-2012.

    PubMed

    Webber, Bryant J; Federinko, Susan P; Tchandja, Juste N; Cropper, Thomas L; Keller, Patrick L

    2013-01-01

    Military training environments have been identified as high-risk settings for acquisition of skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs), including those caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Among the 148,355 basic military trainees at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas, between 1 October 2008 and 30 September 2012, there were 289 SSTIs, including 48 cases of culture-confirmed MRSA and 48 cases of possible MRSA-defined as SSTIs treated with both incision and drainage and MRSA drug coverage (i.e., trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, clindamycin, a tetracycline, or linezolid). The period prevalence rates of all SSTIs and MRSA SSTIs increased annually since fiscal year 2010. Of the 87 SSTIs cultured during the surveillance period, 74 were positive: MRSA (n=48); methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (n=24); Haemophilus parainfluenzae (n=1); and viridans Streptococcus (n=1). Among MRSA positive cultures, three were resistant to clindamycin, one to tetracycline, and one to both clindamycin and tetracycline; none was resistant to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. An algorithmic clinical approach and heightened public health measures may reduce rates of future SSTIs among basic trainees at Lackland Air Force Base.

  16. [A questionnaire-based survey of the quality of life of 783 air-force soldiers and officers in the southern military region of China].

    PubMed

    Wang, Bin-hui; Yu, Shou-yi

    2005-05-01

    To investigate the quality of life of the air-force soldiers and officers in the southern military region of China. A self-rated health measurement scale was used to evaluate the quality of life of 783 air-force soldiers and officers in view of their physical, mental and social statuses. The quality of life of the subjects was at an intermediate level. Their physical, mental and social scores were 66.33+/-9.38, 58.99+/-10.09 and 53.69+/-12.40, respectively, with a total score of 178.44+/-22.60. The quality of life of the soldiers and officers significantly differed with educational background (P<0.01), places of enlisting (P<0.01), arm of the service (P<0.05), identities or positions (P<0.01), and occupation before enlisting (P<0.01). The quality of life of the soldiers and officers can be affected by such factors as educational back- ground, places of enlisting, arm of the service, identities or positions, and occupation before enlisting, but the nationalities or status of being the only child in family does not obviously influence the quality of life of the military personnel.

  17. Force.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gamble, Reed

    1989-01-01

    Discusses pupil misconceptions concerning forces. Summarizes some of Assessment of Performance Unit's findings on meaning of (1) force, (2) force and motion in one dimension and two dimensions, and (3) Newton's second law. (YP)

  18. Force.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gamble, Reed

    1989-01-01

    Discusses pupil misconceptions concerning forces. Summarizes some of Assessment of Performance Unit's findings on meaning of (1) force, (2) force and motion in one dimension and two dimensions, and (3) Newton's second law. (YP)

  19. Homosexuality and the military.

    PubMed

    Jones, F D; Koshes, R J

    1995-01-01

    Homosexuality has remained a focus of military concern despite society's increasing acceptance of homosexual men and women and evidence that homosexuals have served and currently serve in the U.S. armed forces. President Clinton has stated a determination to end discrimination against homosexuals in the military and reverse the exclusionary policy on homosexuals serving in the armed forces. The authors review the history of the policy of the U.S. military to exclude homosexuals from serving in the armed forces. The data for this study were drawn from military archives and court cases that have shaped U.S. policy excluding homosexuals from serving in the armed forces. The three main arguments are addressed: 1) homosexuality is a mental disorder rendering a person unstable, 2) homosexual service members are a source of poor morale for military units, and 3) homosexual service members are poor security risks. Considerable evidence demonstrates that homosexuals in the military pose no documented threat to national security and show no evidence of poor work performance. Although issues of morale and fraternization in the military remain challenges, no evidence in this review supports the exclusion of homosexuals from service in the U.S. armed forces.

  20. Environmental Assessment Supplement: Proposed Military Construction Project, Deployable Medical System Training Area and Military Equipment Parking, Fairchild Air Force Base, Washington

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-11-01

    Reserve Center ? Fairchild Air Force Base, Washington, January 2007. This EA Supplement has been prepared because the original Base Realignment and...because the original Base Realignment and Closure project did not include the DEPMEDS training area or additional MEP (per the 1391 dated Oct 20 I 0...Washington, January 2007. This EA Supplement has been prepared because the original Base Realignment and Closure project did not include the DEPMEDS

  1. Music in the Military.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Amanda

    1981-01-01

    Following a very brief history of military bands, the author describes the musical performance opportunities currently available in the United States Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force, and Coast Guard, for young musicians who may wish to enlist. (SJL)

  2. Music in the Military.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Amanda

    1981-01-01

    Following a very brief history of military bands, the author describes the musical performance opportunities currently available in the United States Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force, and Coast Guard, for young musicians who may wish to enlist. (SJL)

  3. Operation TOMODACHI: A Model for American Disaster Response Efforts and the Collective use of Military Forces Abroad

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    the Pacific Ocean. The vast majority of military installations resided well outside of the 25 nautical mile radius where primary health risks were...risk was acknowledged as a necessity. Upon returning back to the base, the radiation was deemed to be low enough in quantity to not pose a health ...tactical level issues . Ultimately, MOD deployed 80 personnel from the Japanese Internal Bureau throughout the bilateral coordination centers to help

  4. The Impact to NATO and the United States of the European Union’s Military Rapid-Reaction Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Orenstein , Ph.D. _________________________________________, Member Major Patrick R. Allen, M.A. Accepted this 31st day of May 2002 by...improving European military capabilities, 19 November. Accessed on-line, 2 February 2002, <http://www.defense-aerospace.com/data/verbatim/data/ve236> Evans ...1 Reynolds Ave., Building 111 Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-1352 5. Harold S. Orenstein , Ph.D. Combined Arms Doctrine Directorate ATTN: ATZL-FD-CD 1

  5. Beyond Triage: The Escalation of Empowerment by U.S. Military Forces in Support of International Disaster Response

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-06-13

    international institutions, and a mass of non -governmental organizations shed new light on the difficulties of disaster response. The U.S. military...circumstances. Triage provides a clinical calculus that matches conditions to effects. By rounding down the extremes, focused effort is expended on the...response unavailable from Non -Governmental Organizations, International Institutions, and Private-Voluntary Organizations? 5. Does an initial focus on

  6. Use of complementary health approaches at military treatment facilities, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2010-2015.

    PubMed

    Williams, Valerie F; Clark, Leslie L; McNellis, Mark G

    2016-07-01

    Survey-based research has demonstrated the increasing use and acceptance of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in general and military populations. This report summarizes the use of three CAM procedures (chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation, acupuncture, and biofeedback) among active component service members from 2010 through 2015. Findings document a marked increase in the use of chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation and acupuncture procedures since 2010. The majority of the 240 military installations in this analysis provided chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation; more than three-quarters provided acupuncture; and approximately one-third provided biofeedback procedures. "Other and unspecified disorders of the back" was the most frequent condition for which chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation and acupuncture were used. "Non-allopathic lesions not elsewhere classified" was the second most frequent diagnosis during chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation-related visits. The second and third most frequent diagnoses during acupuncture-related visits were "acute and chronic pain" and "adjustment reaction," respectively. "Adjustment reaction" was the second most frequent diagnosis associated with biofeedback. Continued research is needed to gain a better understanding of why military personnel are using CAM and the role these procedures play in their health care.

  7. [The experience of 183 medical special forces of the Volga-Urals Military District in the elimination of the health effects of the emergency in the Republic of Indonesia].

    PubMed

    Korniushko, I G; Iakovlev, S V; Vladimirov, A V

    2011-08-01

    The article is based on personal experience of the authors with assistance in the aftermath of the tsunami in the Republic of Indonesia, which killed about 120 thousand (December 26, 2004 at 255 km to the west coast of Sumatra). In the disaster area were sent to 183 medical detachments for special purposes of the Volga-Urals Military District, reinforced brigade of specialized medical care of military medical institutions under the central government and the Moscow Military District. As the authors noted, in the aftermath of a disaster like the tsunami, at first put forward preventive measures among displaced persons. The experience gained by the Medical Service of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in the aftermath of natural disaster in the Republic of Indonesia, is used to plan future humanitarian operations abroad with the assistance of military medical specialists from Russia.

  8. Strengthening malaria prevention and control: integrating West African militaries' malaria control efforts. The inaugural meeting of the West African Malaria Task Force, April 24-26, 2013, Accra, Ghana.

    PubMed

    McCollum, Jeffrey T; Hanna, Refaat; Halbach, Alaina C; Cummings, James F

    2015-01-01

    From April 24 to 26, 2013, the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center and the U.S. Africa Command cosponsored the inaugural meeting of the West Africa Malaria Task Force in Accra, Ghana. The meeting's purpose was to identify common challenges, explore regional and transcontinental collaborations, and to share knowledge about best practices in the fight against malaria in West Africa. Military representatives from Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Liberia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Togo participated in the Task Force; various U.S. Government agencies were also represented, including the Department of Defense, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Agency for International Development. African nation participants presented brief overviews of their military's malaria prevention and control measures, surveillance programs, diagnostic capabilities, and treatment regimens emphasizing gaps within existing programs. Representatives from U.S. agencies discussed activities and capabilities relevant for the region, challenges and lessons learned regarding malaria, and highlighted opportunities for enhanced partnerships to counter malaria in West Africa. This article summarizes the major conclusions of the Task Force meeting, identifies relevant focus areas for future Task Force activities, and outlines opportunities for further inclusion of West African militaries to improve regional malaria surveillance and control efforts. Reprint & Copyright © 2015 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  9. 78 FR 28461 - Military Spouse Appreciation Day, 2013

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-14

    ... military spouses are at the core of our Armed Forces, and on Military Spouse Appreciation Day, we celebrate... certification process, we can help ensure the financial stability of our military families, strengthen our Armed...

  10. Durations of military service after diagnoses of HIV-1 infections among active component members of the U.S. Armed Forces, 1990-2013.

    PubMed

    Brundage, John F; Hunt, Devin J; Clark, Leslie L

    2015-08-01

    This report describes the trends in length of military service for active component members of the U.S. Armed Forces who were diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infections during 1990-2013. Durations of service after service members' initial diagnoses of HIV-1 infection were compared for five different cohorts that corresponded to when diagnoses were made during the 5-year intervals beginning in 1990, 1995, 2000, and 2005, and the 4-year interval of 2010-2013. By several measures, the durations of service after initial diagnoses of HIV-1 infection increased from the earliest to the later cohorts. The findings are discussed in the context of changes in several factors during the surveillance period: the growing availability and effectiveness of treatments for HIV-1 disease; the stigmas associated with the diagnosis of HIV-1 infection and its link to homosexuality; and the changes in U.S. military policy about the inclusion of homosexuals in its ranks. Also discussed are the limitations of the estimates for the most recent cohorts and the future prospects for continued lengthening of service for those infected with HIV-1.

  11. An Integrated Survey System for Addressing Abuse and Misconduct Toward Air Force Trainees During Basic Military Training

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    Stephens and Sommer, 1996), but ultimately settled on an established measure by Carlson, Kacmar, and Williams (2000) that had good psychometric...2012_Workplace_and_Gender_Relations_Survey_ of_Active_Duty_Members-Survey_Note_and_Briefing.pdf Rock, L. M., R. N. Lipari, P. J. Cook, and A. D. Hale , 2010 Workplace and...Measurement of Sexual Harassment: Shortening the SEQ-DoD Using Item Response Theory,” Military Psychology, Vol. 14, 2002, pp. 49–72. Stephens , G. K., and

  12. Moral Injury in Military Operations: A Review of the Literature and Key Considerations for the Canadian Armed Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-01

    Majesté la Reine (en droit du Canada), telle que représentée par le ministre de la Défense nationale, 2015 DRDC-RDDC-2015-R029 i ...associated with the moral and ethical challenges that personnel face in military missions. More specifically, in this paper I provide an introduction to the...or learning about acts that transgress deeply held moral beliefs and expectations (Litz et al., 2014, p. 697). I begin with a brief overview of the

  13. Updates: Routine screening for antibodies to HIV-1, civilian applicants for U.S. military service and U.S. Armed Forces, active and reserve components.

    PubMed

    2011-08-01

    During routine testing of civilian applicants for U.S. military service, the overall seroprevalence of antibodies to HIV-1 was lower in 2010 than in any year since 1990. Among members of the active components of the U.S. Army and Air Force, HIV-1 seroprevalences were higher in 2008-2010 than in recent prior years. Among members of the active components of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps, the Marine Corps Reserve, and the Army National Guard, HIV-1 seroprevalences have slightly declined or remained relatively stable for at least ten years. In the reserve components of most of the service branches, it is difficult to discern long-term trends because of instability of seroprevalences observed in the relatively small numbers of reserve component members tested each year.

  14. [Health Care in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) from the Patients' View: A Survey of Petitions Sent to the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED)].

    PubMed

    Bruns, F

    2016-05-01

    The aim of this paper is to explore the patients' view of the health system in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in the 1980 s. It investigates how patients experienced everyday medical care in the GDR beyond the ideals of official health policy. A systematic analysis of patients' written petitions to the Central Committee of the Socialist Party in the GDR was undertaken. Patients articulated their experiences and expectations quite critically, using characteristic patterns of argumentation and, at times, successfully exerting pressure on the regime to answer their demands. Conflicts concerning disability pensions, factual or putative malpractice and complaints about run-down health facilities belong to the issues most frequently addressed. Persons who mentioned their membership in the Socialist Party had better chances to get their problems solved than those who did not disclose any affiliation to the Socialist Party. The petitions surveyed in this study provide insight into the lives of patients in the late GDR. Patients made particular demands of the socialist state and its health system. It is important to integrate the patients' perspective into historical research on medical care in the GDR. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  15. [Cerebrospinal fluid diagnostics in Germany since 1950 : Developments in the GDR and FRG in the context of society and science].

    PubMed

    Reiber, H

    2016-12-01

    The 40 years of separated development in two countries with extremely different political and social utopias allow consideration of the connection between science and society. The society-dependent development of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diagnostics in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) is shown in the context of the international scientific development of the post-war era with new paradigms in physics, biology and genetics. As part of this contribution to the philosophy of science the consequences of the complex life science for a new view of disease research are discussed in contrast to the currently dominating, reductionistic medical industrial complex.

  16. 20 CFR 212.5 - Verification of military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Verification of military service. 212.5... MILITARY SERVICE § 212.5 Verification of military service. Military service may be verified by the... armed forces that shows the beginning and ending dates of the individual's active military service; or...

  17. 20 CFR 212.5 - Verification of military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Verification of military service. 212.5... MILITARY SERVICE § 212.5 Verification of military service. Military service may be verified by the... armed forces that shows the beginning and ending dates of the individual's active military service; or...

  18. 20 CFR 212.5 - Verification of military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true Verification of military service. 212.5... MILITARY SERVICE § 212.5 Verification of military service. Military service may be verified by the... armed forces that shows the beginning and ending dates of the individual's active military service; or...

  19. 20 CFR 212.5 - Verification of military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Verification of military service. 212.5... MILITARY SERVICE § 212.5 Verification of military service. Military service may be verified by the... armed forces that shows the beginning and ending dates of the individual's active military service; or a...

  20. 20 CFR 212.5 - Verification of military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Verification of military service. 212.5... MILITARY SERVICE § 212.5 Verification of military service. Military service may be verified by the... armed forces that shows the beginning and ending dates of the individual's active military service; or a...

  1. DOD Financial Management: Improved Documentation Needed to Support the Air Force’s Military Payroll and Meet Audit Readiness Goals

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-01

    pervasive weaknesses in its financial and business management systems, as well as control deficiencies,5 which have adversely affected its ability to...manual processing (such as faxing or scanning); and is ultimately stored in electronic form in one of two Air Force document management systems, one of... management process a breakdown occurred, resulting in missing or incomplete documentation. While the Air Force was able to provide supporting

  2. USSR Report, Military Affairs, No. 1780, Communist of the Armed Forces, Nos. 5-6, March 1983

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-07-19

    keeps them in an exemplary state and is able to control them under the most complex situation and to quickly take correct decisions. The results of...possibility of constantly keeping the coastal states in its sights. Secondly, as the Indian newspaper NAV BHARAT TIMES emphasizes, to land an assault force...order to shorten the time for increasing the grouping of its armed forces for operations in the Indian Ocean, the United States is constant- ly keeping

  3. Labor Force

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The labor force is the number of people ages 16 or older who are either working or looking for work. It does not include active-duty military personnel or the institutionalized population, such as prison inmates. Determining the size of the labor force is a way of determining how big the economy can get. The size of the labor force depends on two…

  4. Military and Contractor Justice in Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-23

    governed under the Uniform Code of Military Justice, and the application of deadly force determined appropriate by the Rules of Engagement; PSC’ s...accountable for their actions in the same manner as the US military, under the Uniform Code of Military Justice. The Office of the Inspector General...in Baghdad. Conversely, the U.S. military defines the appropriate use of force under the Rules of Engagement(ROE), as defined by Combatant Commander

  5. Trauma readiness training for military deployment: a comparison between a U.S. trauma center and an Air Force Theater Hospital in Balad, Iraq.

    PubMed

    Maureen, McCunn; York, Gregory B; Hirshon, Jon Mark; Jenkins, Donald H; Scalea, Thomas M

    2011-07-01

    The U.S. Air Force created the Center for Sustainment of Trauma and Readiness Skills at the Shock Trauma Center (STC) where staffs rotate before deployment. We sought to investigate the value of this training. A retrospective review of prospectively collected data of patient volume, injury severity, mechanism of injury, operative cases, and massive transfusion data from September 2006 to August 2007 was obtained from the STC in Baltimore and the Air Force Theater Hospital (AFTH) in Balad. Severity of injury and massive transfusions were higher at the AFTH. Soft tissue wound care represented approximately 25% of AFTH cases; a soft tissue service performed 465 operative debridements for severe soft tissue infections at STC. The STC's high-volume of major soft tissue debridement cases may offer the closest approximation of high energy wound care. Training at selected U.S. trauma centers may prepare military staff to care for war injuries, particularly those who do not practice in high-volume Level 1 trauma centers.

  6. Environmental Impact Statement Supersonic Flight Operations in the Valentine Military Operations Area, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-01-01

    AM COMMAND 7’A .- 1 9-19’ 3: -42 FPr- H0 iF rEH TO ;777’-, P. OF ~ Air Forc~e Environmental Planning Division (HQ USAF/CEVP) lXoma S’B69 1260 Air...the width reduces to about three feet. Applying this data to Valentine would show the probability of a focus boom impacting any one spot where the...future research may provide a better understanding I of the relationship between noise and non-auditory ill-health; however, in the interim decisions

  7. What Strategic Considerations Should Affect a Decision by the United States to Intervene with Military Force in Bosnia-Hercegovina?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-06-04

    in the vicinity of Biograd-na-Moru, near modern Zadar and Sibenik on the Dalmatian coast. Zagreb only became the focus of Croatian politics after the...Croatian Serb forces to take the port of Zadar , this has become a dead issue. Serbia will remain content 72 with its rail access through Montenegro to the

  8. Hard Power and Soft Power: The Utility of Military Force as an Instrument of Policy in the 21st Century

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-01

    as a substitute for the threat or use of mili- tary force. Each kind of power has its limitations, but the obvious and familiar challenges ...Nicolson, 2005); Strategy and History: Essays on Theory and Practice (Routledge, 2007; Potomac Books, 2009); National Security Dilem- mas: Challenges ...terms mainly of calcu- lable costs and benefits , principally the former, soft power works through the persuasive potency of ideas that foreigners find

  9. Inadequate Contract Oversight of Military Construction Projects in Afghanistan Resulted in Increased Hazards to Life and Safety of Coalition Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-08

    applicable fire protection standards for two of the three projects we reviewed that required a fire sprinkler system . Specifically, the Secure...RSOI and Command and Control facilities do not have fire sprinkler systems as required by Unified Facilities Criteria 3-600-01, Section 4-2.2...stated that, as such, those facilities did not need fire sprinkler systems . Based on the justification provided by the Air Force on the DD Form 1391s

  10. The Future U.S. Military Presence in Europe: Forces and Requirements for the Post-Cold War Era

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-01-01

    product, rising unemployment, unstable monetary policies, rapid inflation, a mammoth but now-useless defense industry, sluggish foreign investment...Spitsbergen) to provide improved protection of SSBN bastions after acci- dental collision between Soviet SSBN and trailing U.S. SSN in Soviet...by the Commander, Allied Air Forces, Central Europe (COMAAFCE). 3 Under COMAAFCE, air defense, strike, lThis nomenclature is that used by the

  11. The Military Dimension of the Niger Delta Crisis: Increasing the Effectiveness of Security Forces Through Information Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-11

    on the happenings in the Niger Delta region. Much of the writings on the Niger Delta are from the marginalization, human rights or descriptive ...complacency of the western world who he said are only interested in the proverbial golden eggs while neglecting the goose that lays it (Peel 2009...government‘s side; and the use of minimum force to avoid alienating the local population‖ (Dixon 2009, 4). Lieutenant Colonel Bridgewater, in his description

  12. North Korea’s Military Threat: Pyongyang’s Conventional Forces, Weapons of Mass Destruction, and Ballistic Missiles

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-04-01

    PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Army War College,Strategic Studies Institute,122 Forbes Avenue,Carlisle,PA,17013-5244 8 . PERFORMING...OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON a. REPORT unclassified b. ABSTRACT unclassified c. THIS PAGE unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8 -98) Prescribed by...North Korean name of all branches of North Korea’s armed forces is the Chosen Inking or KPA. 8 This monograph will address the following topics: the

  13. Military Spending in Eastern Europe,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-05-01

    on defense (the sums are less than the corresponding expenditures by the republics) or whether they involve military spending above and beyond that...certain military expenditures on personnel are included in budgetary categories other than defense spending . Transportation of soldiers to their first... expenditures and forces and military spending decisions in Eastern Europe. iii L SUMMARY Although the Soviet Union is the most threatening potential

  14. Cases in Joint Force Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-10-01

    forces in the future. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Force Development; Joint Force Development; Air War College Curriculum; Force Planning; Military Planning; Joint...6 1. Class Participation .....................................................................................7 2. Term ...Paper Prospectus ..............................................................................7 3. Term Paper

  15. A Conscript Military Force as a Credible Defense System for a Small Nation: The Case of Singapore and Taiwan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-06-03

    AND SCIENCE by DANIEL ONG BOON HWEE, MAJ, SAF B. Soc. SC. (ECONS) Hons, National University of Singapore, 1984 i _D7I ELECTE FOT 65 1988 " Fort...APR edition may be used until exhausted. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAE All other editions are obsolete. iD-9 UNCLASSIFIED 0tc0TY GEA-StPI&ATWW OP...militia and the all -volunteer armed forces. The best example of a rilitia system is that of the Swiss Militia Army, and it is not surprising that the

  16. Tragic Pages: How the GDR, FRG and Japan Processed Their War History--Lessons for Education for Peace. Peace Education Miniprints No. 39.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aspeslagh, Robert

    This document describes the ways in which Japan and the German nations have taught the history of World War II. According to the document, the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) took a pro-communist and anti-fascist approach to the subject. At the same time, the Western Allies pressured the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) to institute a…

  17. Coping with the New System: Self-Assessment, Role-Definition and Professional Expectations of Journalism Students in Former GDR after Democratization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frohlich, Romy

    A study investigated what kind of expectations former GDR (German Democratic Republic) journalism students have about their futures as journalists and what their general perceptions of journalism are. About 80 journalism students in their last semester at Leipzig University were administered surveys during the two days directly preceding the…

  18. Analysis of M1G-dR in DNA by aldehyde reactive probe labeling and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.

    PubMed

    Jeong, Yo-Chan; Sangaiah, Ramiah; Nakamura, Jun; Pachkowski, Brian F; Ranasinghe, Asoka; Gold, Avram; Ball, Louise M; Swenberg, James A

    2005-01-01

    A novel method for the measurement of pyrimido[1,2-a]purin-10(3H)one (M1G) has been developed. Previous methods for analysis of M1G have been confounded by the fact that this lesion exists in equilibrium between a ring-closed form and a ring-opened aldehyde form. Poor detection sensitivity of the aldehydic form can result from loss of the adduct during analysis by its reaction with amines or proteins. We utilized the aldehyde reactive probe (ARP) to produce a stable ARP-M1G-deoxyribose (ARP-M1G-dR) conjugate to minimize adduct loss. This conjugate has increased the hydrophobicity that enhances separation of ARP-M1G-dR from unmodified DNA nucleosides by using solid phase extraction. In addition, measuring ARP-M1G-dR by selective reaction monitoring (SRM) of the [ARP-M1G-dR + H]+ (635) --> [M1G + H]+ (188) transition increases the detection sensitivity by nearly an order of magnitude relative to the measurement of M1G-dR by SRM. For accurate measurement, analytical standard (AS) DNA and internal standard (IS) DNA were used. High purity 15N-labeled DNA was isolated from Escherichia coli that had been grown in minimum salt medium containing (15NH4)2SO4. The 15N-DNA and calf thymus DNA were treated with malondialdehyde to induce a high number of M1G adducts to prepare the IS and AS DNA, respectively. A consistent calibration curve was established from the analysis of 200 microg of blank DNA, 23 ng of IS DNA (400 fmol of 15N5-M1G-dR), and AS DNA containing 0-810 fmol of M1G-dR. With the use of this novel IS DNA and selective labeling, this assay is a useful tool for monitoring oxidative stress-induced DNA damage from small amounts of DNA without the need of a specific antibody or laborious procedures. By this assay, two M1G adducts/10(8) guanines can readily be detected. Furthermore, this approach should be applicable to the analysis of other aldehydic DNA adducts as well as the measurement of an array of DNA lesions.

  19. Improved resiliency and well-being among military personnel in a Swedish Naval Force after a counter-piracy operation off the coast of Somalia.

    PubMed

    Bäccman, Charlotte; Hjärthag, Fredrik; Almqvist, Kjerstin

    2016-08-01

    The aim of this study was to explore: (1) how the psychological health of the members of the first European Union Naval Force (ME01) was affected by international deployment off the coast of Somalia; and (2) if and how organizational and personal factors (e.g., type of personnel category, previous experiences, and resilience) affected their psychological health and well-being post-deployment. The study had an exploratory longitudinal design, where the participants were assessed both before and after deployment (i.e., T1 and T2). The participants (n = 129, 120 men, 9 women) were equally distributed between officers (n = 68; 64 men, 4 women) and sailors (n = 61; 56 men, 5 women). The members' average age was 31 years, ranging from 20 to 61. For the majority (78%) ME01 was their first international deployment and officers were, in general, more experienced than sailors. The overall results showed that the members' reported a positive experience with improved resilience and well-being (e.g., sense of coherence). However, the result also showed that type of personnel category (i.e., officer or sailor) affected their psychological health. Why and how these differences among military personnel arise is discussed, but deserves further attention.

  20. A Prospective Study of Acute Diarrhea in a Cohort of United States Military Personnel on Deployment to the Multinational Force and Observers, Sinai, Egypt

    PubMed Central

    Riddle, Mark S.; Rockabrand, David M.; Schlett, Carey; Monteville, Marshall R.; Frenck, Robert W.; Romine, Marcy; Ahmed, Salwa F.; Sanders, John W.

    2011-01-01

    To better understand the epidemiology of diarrhea in deployed personnel to the Middle East, a prospective cohort study of travelers' diarrhea (TD) was conducted between May 2004 and January 2005 at the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) camp in the southern Sinai. A baseline entry questionnaire and stool specimen was provided on study entry, and volunteers were followed every 6 weeks. Of 211 volunteers, 145 (68.7%) completed one or more follow-up visits. In total, 416 follow-up surveys were completed, which described an overall incidence of 25.2 episodes per 100 person months (95% confidence interval = 21.2–30.0). Additionally, stools were collected in 72 of 77 diarrhea-associated clinic visits, with bacterial pathogens most commonly isolated (enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in 30 [42%] samples and Campylobacter jejuni in 7 [10%] samples) Despite modern preventive methods, diarrhea is still a common problem for deployed US military personnel in Egypt, frequently resulting in diminished ability to work. PMID:21212203

  1. Air Force expeditionary medical support unit at the Houston floods: use of a military model in civilian disaster response.

    PubMed

    D'Amore, Adanto R; Hardin, Charles K

    2005-02-01

    From June 6 to 10, 2001, Tropical Storm Allison delivered 40 inches of rain to the city of Houston, Texas. Nine of the city's hospitals were closed or severely curtailed services as a result of the flooding. All area hospitals were full to capacity, intensive care unit beds were unavailable, and patient wait times for emergency department care were 18 to 21 hours. Emergency department and intensive care unit congestion placed the entire emergency medical system of Houston in jeopardy. In response to a Federal Emergency Management Agency request, the Air Force deployed a 25-bed expeditionary medical support field hospital to Houston on June 13, 2001. The expeditionary medical support unit treated its first patient only 3.5 hours after arrival and was fully operational 8 hours later. During its 11-day stay, the facility treated 1,036 patients, including 312 ambulance arrivals, 48 inpatients, and 33 intensive care unit patients, and performed 33 dental procedures and 16 operations.

  2. Occupations: Military--Civilian Occupational Source Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armed Forces Vocational Testing Group, Universal City, TX.

    Information on enlisted military occupations is offered in the source book to arrive at a comprehensive statement of job tasks in the military service and their similarities to jobs in civilian life. Basic information about five areas of the U.S. military services (Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard) focuses on their military…

  3. Limits of Military Power for National Security.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melman, Seymour

    1981-01-01

    Reviews the post World War II nuclear-military arms race and claims that it is possible to define significant limits of military power for national security. Topics discussed include public opinion regarding the arms race, constraints on military power, conventional forces, checkmating conventional strategy, and the seriousness of nuclear false…

  4. 32 CFR 1602.17 - Military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Military service. 1602.17 Section 1602.17 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM DEFINITIONS § 1602.17 Military service. The term military service includes service in the Army, the Navy, the Air Force...

  5. 32 CFR 1602.17 - Military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military service. 1602.17 Section 1602.17 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM DEFINITIONS § 1602.17 Military service. The term military service includes service in the Army, the Navy, the Air Force...

  6. Labor Force

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The labor force is the number of people aged 16 or older who are either working or looking for work. It does not include active-duty military personnel or institutionalized people, such as prison inmates. Quantifying this total supply of labor is a way of determining how big the economy can get. Labor force participation rates vary significantly…

  7. Respiratory Syncytial Virus Outbreak in the Basic Military Training Camp of the Republic of Korea Air Force

    PubMed Central

    Park, Won-Ju; Yoo, Seok-Ju; Lee, Suk-Ho; Chung, Jae-Woo; Jang, Keun-Ho; Moon, Jai-Dong

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: An outbreak of acute febrile illness occurred in the Republic of Korea Air Force boot camp from May to July 2011. An epidemiological investigation of the causative agent, which was of a highly infective nature, was conducted. Methods: Throat swabs were carried out and a multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay was performed to identify possible causative factors. Results: The mean age of patients who had febrile illness during the study period was 20.24 years. The multiplex RT-PCR assay identified respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) as the causative agent. The main symptoms were sore throat (76.0%), sputum (72.8%), cough (72.1%), tonsillar hypertrophy (67.9%), and rhinorrhea (55.9%). The mean temperature was 38.75°C and the attack rate among the recruits was 15.7% (588 out of 3750 recruits), while the mean duration of fever was 2.3 days. The prognosis was generally favorable with supportive care but recurrent fever occurred in 10.1% of the patients within a month. Conclusions: This is the first epidemiological study of an RSV outbreak that developed in a healthy young adult group. In the event of an outbreak of an acute febrile illness of a highly infective nature in facilities used by a young adult group, RSV should be considered among the possible causative agents. PMID:25652706

  8. Aircraft modifications: Assessing the current state of Air Force aircraft modifications and the implications for future military capability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hill, Owen Jacob

    How prepared is the U.S. Air Force to modify its aircraft fleet in upcoming years? Aircraft modernization is a complex interaction of new and legacy aircraft, organizational structure, and planning policy. This research will take one component of modernization: aircraft modification, and apply a new method of analysis in order to help formulate policy to promote modernization. Departing from previous small-sample studies dependent upon weight as a chief explanatory variable, this dissertation incorporates a comprehensive dataset that was constructed for this research of all aircraft modifications from 1996 through 2005. With over 700 modification programs, this dataset is used to examine changes to the current modification policy using policy-response regression models. These changes include separating a codependent procurement and installation schedule, reducing the documentation requirements for safety modifications, and budgeting for aging aircraft modifications. The research then concludes with predictive models for the F-15 and F-16 along with their replacements: the F-22 and F-35 Joint Strike Fighter.

  9. Respiratory syncytial virus outbreak in the basic military training cAMP of the republic of Korea Air Force.

    PubMed

    Park, Won-Ju; Yoo, Seok-Ju; Lee, Suk-Ho; Chung, Jae-Woo; Jang, Keun-Ho; Moon, Jai-Dong

    2015-01-01

    An outbreak of acute febrile illness occurred in the Republic of Korea Air Force boot camp from May to July 2011. An epidemiological investigation of the causative agent, which was of a highly infective nature, was conducted. Throat swabs were carried out and a multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay was performed to identify possible causative factors. The mean age of patients who had febrile illness during the study period was 20.24 years. The multiplex RT-PCR assay identified respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) as the causative agent. The main symptoms were sore throat (76.0%), sputum (72.8%), cough (72.1%), tonsillar hypertrophy (67.9%), and rhinorrhea (55.9%). The mean temperature was 38.75°C and the attack rate among the recruits was 15.7% (588 out of 3750 recruits), while the mean duration of fever was 2.3 days. The prognosis was generally favorable with supportive care but recurrent fever occurred in 10.1% of the patients within a month. This is the first epidemiological study of an RSV outbreak that developed in a healthy young adult group. In the event of an outbreak of an acute febrile illness of a highly infective nature in facilities used by a young adult group, RSV should be considered among the possible causative agents.

  10. A Prospective Study of Acute Diarrhea in a Cohort of United States Military Personnel on Deployment to the Multinational Force and Observers, Sinai, Egypt

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    direction among military populations is different to what has been traditionally found in previous non-military cohort studies or among general...However, to estimate disease risk and provide a plat- form for primary preventive interventions (e.g., prophylaxis or vaccines), trials and cohort studies need

  11. Single-Leg Balance Impairments Persist in Fully Operational Military Special Forces Operators With a Previous History of Low Back Pain

    PubMed Central

    Sell, Timothy C.; Clark, Nicholas C.; Wood, Dallas; Abt, John P.; Lovalekar, Mita; Lephart, Scott M.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Single-leg balance (SLB) can be chronically impaired after low back pain (LBP). Impaired SLB is a risk factor for recurrent LBP and lower extremity injury. In the United States military, the special forces operator (SFO) deploys on high-risk missions under extreme conditions, and impaired SLB can potentially threaten SFO safety and mission success. Purpose: To compare SLB in fully operational SFOs with and without a history of LBP. The hypothesis was that SLB deficits would be present in SFOs with a history of LBP. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A total of 226 SFOs were included in this analysis. Comparisons were made between SFOs with and without medical chart documented history of LBP (LBP group [n = 43]: mean age = 31.2 ± 10.3 years, mean height = 177.3 ± 7.2 cm, mean mass = 87.3 ± 11.8 kg; healthy group [n = 183]: mean age = 28.0 ± 6.0 years, mean height = 177.9 ± 6.0 cm, mean mass = 84.9 ± 8.8 kg). Bilateral SLB was tested (eyes open and eyes closed) in both groups using a force plate. The variability in the ground-reaction forces was averaged across 3 trials for each leg for both conditions. Comparisons were made between legs in the LBP and between the LBP and healthy group (α = .05). Results: There were significant between-group differences for each leg for both conditions, with the healthy group demonstrating better SLB compared with the LBP group. P values ranged from .01 to .03. Conclusion: Impaired SLB persists in SFOs with previously reported LBP. Balance assessments of individuals who report LBP may assist with designing targeted interventions to address potential deficits that may increase the risk of future injury. Clinical Relevance: SFOs with a known history of LBP would benefit from examination of SLB and may benefit from balance training to resolve any deficits that may be present to lower the potential risk for future injury. PMID:26535329

  12. Single-Leg Balance Impairments Persist in Fully Operational Military Special Forces Operators With a Previous History of Low Back Pain.

    PubMed

    Sell, Timothy C; Clark, Nicholas C; Wood, Dallas; Abt, John P; Lovalekar, Mita; Lephart, Scott M

    2014-05-01

    Single-leg balance (SLB) can be chronically impaired after low back pain (LBP). Impaired SLB is a risk factor for recurrent LBP and lower extremity injury. In the United States military, the special forces operator (SFO) deploys on high-risk missions under extreme conditions, and impaired SLB can potentially threaten SFO safety and mission success. To compare SLB in fully operational SFOs with and without a history of LBP. The hypothesis was that SLB deficits would be present in SFOs with a history of LBP. Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. A total of 226 SFOs were included in this analysis. Comparisons were made between SFOs with and without medical chart documented history of LBP (LBP group [n = 43]: mean age = 31.2 ± 10.3 years, mean height = 177.3 ± 7.2 cm, mean mass = 87.3 ± 11.8 kg; healthy group [n = 183]: mean age = 28.0 ± 6.0 years, mean height = 177.9 ± 6.0 cm, mean mass = 84.9 ± 8.8 kg). Bilateral SLB was tested (eyes open and eyes closed) in both groups using a force plate. The variability in the ground-reaction forces was averaged across 3 trials for each leg for both conditions. Comparisons were made between legs in the LBP and between the LBP and healthy group (α = .05). There were significant between-group differences for each leg for both conditions, with the healthy group demonstrating better SLB compared with the LBP group. P values ranged from .01 to .03. Impaired SLB persists in SFOs with previously reported LBP. Balance assessments of individuals who report LBP may assist with designing targeted interventions to address potential deficits that may increase the risk of future injury. SFOs with a known history of LBP would benefit from examination of SLB and may benefit from balance training to resolve any deficits that may be present to lower the potential risk for future injury.

  13. Military Government

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1949-07-01

    CGSC MG MILITARY GOVERNMENT LIBHARY ARI\\’IY WAR COLLEGE CJ\\RLISLE BARRACKS, PAa This text is approved for resident and extension-course...and functions · of ’ military government . It conforms ·substantially to the subject matter , of Field Manual 27-5, Civil Affairs/ Military Government ...Teaching experience at the Command and General Staff College has ···--·demonstrated the need for a military government text which brings to- gether

  14. DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-03-01

    DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms As of March 2017 PREFACE i 1. Scope The DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms...DOD Dictionary) sets forth standard US military and associated terminology to encompass the joint activity of the Armed Forces of the United States...These military and associated terms, together with their definitions, constitute approved Department of Defense (DOD) terminology for general use by

  15. [The cradle of military medicine].

    PubMed

    Tsygan, V N

    2013-12-01

    The Kirov Military Medical Academy, included into the State Code of Particularly Valuable Objects of Cultural Heritage of the Peoples of the Russian Federation, plays an important role in national military-medical science and education during XVIII and XIX centuries. Today the Kirov Military Medical Academy consists of 7 faculties, 63 departments (52 military departments and 11 civil departments), 31 clinics (17 surgical clinics and 14 therapeutic clinics), center of extracorporeal detoxification, 3 departments, taking part in treatment and diagnostic process, 11 clinical subdivisions, research center consisting of 4 research subdivisions and 2 laboratories, and also 14 research laboratories, 32 supply subdivisions and publications department. Glorious staff and graduates of the Academy took part in all russian wars. All famous medical schools were founded in the Academy in XIX-XX centuries. At the present time the Kirov Military Medical Academy is the main military medical university, leading research center and treatment facility of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

  16. Military Training: Potential Roles for Vocational Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruff, Richard R.; And Others

    This paper examines potential roles vocational education could play to assist the military in meeting its training responsibilities within the context of three major military and training issues: survival of the All Volunteer Force, use of the Total Force Management concept, and demands of high technology. Discussion is divided into three…

  17. Chinese Military Reforms: A Pessimistic Take

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-10-01

    sion (CMC) while a separate PLAA head- quarters has been created, comparable to the headquarters of the PLA Navy, Air Force, and Rocket Force...the commanders of the military region air forces (MRAFs) and, if applicable, PLA Navy fleets who were based in a military region were deputy...headquarters of the PLA Air Force and Navy. Now each theater command has established a joint command post and, presumably, at least in a small-scale

  18. Update: Routine screening for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus, civilian applicants for U.S. military service and U.S. Armed Forces, active and reserve components, January 2012-June 2017.

    PubMed

    2017-09-01

    This report contains an update through June 2017 of the results of routine screening for antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus among civilian applicants for military service and among members of the active and reserve components of the U.S. Armed Forces. During the surveillance period, annual seroprevalences among civilian applicants for military service peaked in 2015 (0.33 per 1,000 tested) and then decreased slightly in 2016. Seroprevalences among Marine Corps reservists, Navy active component service members, and Navy reservists also peaked in 2015. Overall (1 January 2012 through 30 June 2017) seroprevalences were highest for Army reservists, Army National Guard members, Navy reservists, and Navy active component members. Among active and reserve component service members, seroprevalences continue to be higher among males than females.

  19. Update: Routine screening for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus, civilian applicants for U.S. military service and U.S. Armed Forces, active and reserve components, January 2011-June 2016.

    PubMed

    2016-09-01

    This report contains an update through June 2016 of the results of routine screening for antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among civilian applicants for military service and among members of the active and reserve components of the U.S. Armed Forces. During the surveillance period, annual seroprevalences among civilian applicants for military service peaked in 2015 (0.31 per 1,000 tested), up 29% from 2014 (0.24 per 1,000 tested). Seroprevalences among Marine Corps reservists, Navy active component service members, and Navy reservists also peaked in 2015. In the Army National Guard and the reserve component of the Marine Corps, full-year seroprevalences have trended upward since 2011. Overall (January 2011-June 2016) seroprevalences were highest for Army reservists, Army National Guard members, Navy active component members, and Navy reservists. Among active and reserve component service members, seroprevalences continue to be higher among Army and Navy members and males than their respective counterparts.

  20. False Assumptions: Military Assistance Command Vietnam s (MACV) use of the Combined Strategic Objectives Plan, 1970 and its Operationalization at the Field Force Level

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-04

    operational approach a military commander must choose to pursue their objectives. 1 Center of Military History , United States Army, Historical Perspectives of... theory , this whole of government approach creates a unity of effort that will more easily overwhelm an adversary and bring victory. Operational art is... history and philosophy, Saburo Ienaga, the very structure of the Japanese government following the development of the General Staff and the adoption

  1. From a Guerrilla Force to a State Military: An Assessment of the Transformation of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) from 2006-2010

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-01

    22202-4302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188) Washington DC 20503. 11. AGENCY USE ONLY (Leave blank...reform (SSR), which emphasizes the management and governance of the military (along with other security institutions) under civilian authority.3...discipline, morale and agility; developing a professional military-education (PME) system; and establishing a training- management -cycle system

  2. Fraternization - A Military Offense?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-04-01

    34While Jiaf-ing of an appropriate regulation might be diffcult, %e recommend it to the responsible military services" (8:1.60). :iteen years later in...rank or positions for personal gain, and are prejudicial to good order and discipline, action must be taken against those involved. "The basic role and...vital, and responsive military oiqa[)_Jiza-1cn5: addition, the Air Force encourages open members*,:_ arc --_ _cpation in base *recreat ional1 ac t ivi t

  3. Update: routine screening for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus, civilian applicants for U.S. military service and U.S. Armed Forces, active and reserve components, January 2008-June 2013.

    PubMed

    2013-08-01

    This report contains an update through June 2013 on the results of screening for HIV infection among civilian applicants for military service and among members of the active and reserve components of the Armed Forces. Among civilian applicants, annual rates of prevalence of HIV infection showed a continuing downward trend. Rates among black, non-Hispanic applicants were higher than other racial/ethnic groups but have declined sharply since 2008. Among service members, annual rates have varied by service and component, with higher rates in the Army and Navy and lower rates in the Marine Corps and Air Force. Members of the Army and Air Force Reserves have had consistently higher rates than members of their respective active components. For both civilian applicants and service members, rates among men are notably higher than among women. The possible roles of unprotected sex and pre-deployment behaviors and the associated challenges to prevention of HIV infection are discussed.

  4. Military Forces in Urban Antiterrorism

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-10-01

    Organizaciones Coordinandos para las Operaciones Antisubversivas (Coordinating Organizations for Antisubversive Operations)--Montevideo OIRA Official. Irish...role in most cases. Op* tics and bom~b detection and disposal technologies have melde signal contributions ,o. active tactics. Advances in automiated...11sip),, nor Mal secur ity or at-tadChe r ol e-, C!( tense (I f V. . I k’dI 1pxo~’.et Y assets.5 eNt.r acti 1 Mot U. S. nat-ionil S, andJ r~I tic ’ .cpO

  5. The effect of chiropractic treatment on the reaction and response times of special operation forces military personnel: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

    PubMed

    DeVocht, James W; Smith, Dean L; Long, Cynthia R; Corber, Lance; Kane, Bridget; Jones, Thomas M; Goertz, Christine M

    2016-09-20

    Chiropractic care is commonly used to treat musculoskeletal conditions and has been endorsed by clinical practice guidelines as being evidence-based and cost-effective for the treatment of patients with low back pain. Gaps in the literature exist regarding the physiological outcomes of chiropractic treatment. Previous pilot work has indicated the possibility of improvements in response time following the application of chiropractic treatment. However, it is unknown whether or not chiropractic treatment is able to improve reaction and response times in specific populations of interest. One such population is the U.S. military special operation forces' (SOF) personnel. This study is a randomized controlled trial of 120 asymptomatic volunteer SOF personnel. All participants are examined by a study doctor of chiropractic (DC) for eligibility prior to randomization. The participants are randomly allocated to either a treatment group receiving four treatments of chiropractic manipulative therapy (CMT) over 2 weeks or to a wait-list control group. The wait-list group does not receive any treatment but has assessments at the same time interval as the treatment group. The outcome measures are simple reaction times for dominant hand and dominant foot, choice reaction time with prompts calling for either hand or either foot, response time using Fitts' law tasks for small movements involving eye-hand coordination, and brief whole body movements using the t-wall, a commercially available product. At the first visit, all five tests are completed so that participants can familiarize themselves with the equipment and protocol. Assessments at the second and the final visits are used for data analysis. SOF personnel are highly motivated and extremely physically fit individuals whose occupation requires reaction times that are as quick as possible during the course of their assigned duties. A goal of CMT is to maximize the functionality and integration of the neuromusculoskeletal

  6. Evaluation of low-residue soldering for military and commercial applications: A report from the Low-Residue Soldering Task Force

    SciTech Connect

    Iman, R.L.; Anderson, D.J.; Burress, R.V.

    1995-06-01

    The LRSTF combined the efforts of industry, military, and government to evaluate low-residue soldering processes for military and commercial applications. These processes were selected for evaluation because they provide a means for the military to support the presidential mandate while producing reliable hardware at a lower cost. This report presents the complete details and results of a testing program conducted by the LRSTF to evaluate low-residue soldering for printed wiring assemblies. A previous informal document provided details of the test plan used in this evaluation. Many of the details of that test plan are contained in this report. The test data are too massive to include in this report, however, these data are available on disk as Excel spreadsheets upon request. The main purpose of low-residue soldering is to eliminate waste streams during the manufacturing process.

  7. Military Review: Airland Battle Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-02-01

    the forward support Certainl: we like our current organizations battalions and will also support uncommitted and our ways of doing business today...became. As a president envisages in describing the Desert result, decades of major Soviet military invest - Shield theater campaign at the strategic...doctrine must word political, military and economic elicit both the confidence of these forces and power, alies are even more important for that of the

  8. Military Robotics and Collateral Damage

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-06-01

    Applications and Operations Military Robotics and Collateral Damage Robert Douglass (Primary POC) SET Associates 3811 N. Fairfax...2004 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Military Robotics and Collateral Damage 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S...Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 Abstract We explore a concept of a combined force of air and ground combat robots

  9. Cost as a Military Requirement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    advances in military weaponry, Lanchester’s basic observation—that quantity is essential to military success—remains true today. Yet weapons system...quantity changes, and schedule extensions . And, although these challenges have been studied and understood for decades, government initiatives have not...proportional to the square of the number of its units. In theory , then, a force of 15 pieces of artillery will have a nine-fold advantage (in terms

  10. Continued growth for military PAs.

    PubMed

    Salyer, Steven W

    2002-10-01

    The US military physician assistant (PA) originated from the corpsmen and medics of the army, navy, air force, and Coast Guard. PAs have been present in every military campaign since 1980 and serve in a wide variety of medical roles. Their combat role has expanded so that in many instances the PA has replaced the physician as the front-line care provider. All have moved from warrant officer into the commissioned officer ranks, a change that has enabled them to rise into command and administrative positions. Narrowing of the pay differential between military and civilian PAs has contributed to their retention.

  11. A Study of the Relationship between Military Service in the Armed Forces and Criminality. Criminal Justice Monograph Vol. III, No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tracy, Robert G.; And Others

    To determine the effects of military service on subsequent criminal behavior, especially violent crimes, this study compared veteran and non-veteran felons incarcerated at the Texas Department of Corrections. Available programed data on inmates born since 1930 were supplemented by interview and questionnaire data on 200 veterans concerning…

  12. Return to Clark Air Force Base: Establishing Permanent Military Bases in the Philippines as part of the United States Grand Strategy in the South China Sea

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-02-16

    ultimate strategic objectives in the region. The idea of the “China Dream ” has been advocated which means that China’s grand strategy is to become... artificial islands on the Spratly islands that can support military facilities and airfields.16 China has made numerous strategic aggressive moves

  13. Defense Science Board 1996 Summer Study Task Force On Tactics and Technology for 21st Century Military Superiority. Volume 2, Part 1. Supporting Materials

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-10-01

    for Mobile 1-53 Forces" Reza Eftekari, MITRE Corporation 1.5. "Theater Tactical Communications" 1-69 Charles W. Niessen, MIT Lincoln Laboratory II...distributed force is the initial JTF 3 GEITING EFFECTIVE FORCES TO THEATER ENHANCE STRATEGIC MOBILITY OF ROBUST FORCES EFFECTIVENESS ENHANCE EFFECTIVENESS...tactical means of mobility . The following scenario provides a framework for illustrating how a Leading Edge Strike Force (LESTFOR) could be

  14. USSR Report, Military Affairs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-04-24

    Contents: TEKHNIKA I VOORUZHENIYE No 1, 1985 (TEKHNIKA I VOORUZHENIYE, No 1, Jan 85) 18 AIR / AIR DEFENSE FORCES Party Work, Improving Technical...One night an enemy aircraft flew over us and dropped its supply of bombs which, I think, our air defense troops and fighters did not allow it to...Eastern, Carpathian, Kiev and Turkestan military districts, the Baltic Fleet, the Moscow Air Defense District, and the organizations led by comrades

  15. Sound Military Decision

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1942-01-01

    included all available and’ pertinent military writings. Care has also been taken to in- S~~clude, from civil sources, the findings of those...The Advisory Function. Understanding between the civil representatives of the State and the leaders of the armed forces is manifestly essential to...conduct of war thus requires that under- standing exist (see pages 9 and 10) between the civil repre- sentatives of the State and the leaders of the armed

  16. Is Military Science Scientific?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    approaches to strategy, doctrine, and planning. Early military theory in the United States was based largely on inherited European traditions pro...frequently capi- talized and placed alongside Physics, Philosophy, and other well-established academic disciplines. An irony of the term’s decline is...WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) National Defense University,Joint Force Quarterly,260 Fifth Avenue, S.W

  17. Research on 6R Military Logistics Network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jie, Wan; Wen, Wang

    The building of military logistics network is an important issue for the construction of new forces. This paper has thrown out a concept model of 6R military logistics network model based on JIT. Then we conceive of axis spoke y logistics centers network, flexible 6R organizational network, lean 6R military information network based grid. And then the strategy and proposal for the construction of the three sub networks of 6Rmilitary logistics network are given.

  18. [Economic problems in military public health].

    PubMed

    Petrov, G M; Moretskiĭ, A A

    2000-03-01

    There are discussed the problems of military treatment and prophylactic institution (TPI) functioning under conditions of market reform of Russian public health. Main marketing concepts in military health are determined and some recommendations on work improvement in TPI of the Armed Forces in the system of obligatory medical insurance are presented, granting population paid medical services. It is necessary to form a new type of director--military and medical manager.

  19. Commander’s (Executive officer’s) Guide for Detecting and Deterring Procurement Frauds in Military Unit (Organization) of Armed Forces of Ukraine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-01

    in the Ukrainian Armed Forces. Financial control system in Ukrainian Armed Forces is historically based on professional audit. Decentralization of...an internal control system throughout the Ukrainian government including the uniformed services. Conceptually, this system will be based on the U.S...Financial control system in Ukrainian Armed Forces is historically based on professional audit. Decentralization of management and control is a

  20. The Role of the Federal Government in the Civilian Conversion of Military Installations: A Case Study of Gentile Air Force Station

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-09-01

    been unable to coordinate a plan for eliminating them ( Malamed , 1988:84). Base closures are difficult for politicians because the closures disrupt local...objection of local communities ( Malamed , 1988:84). Military bases contribute to local economies in terms of "procurement of supplies and services of the... Malamed , 1988:84). In a 1976 thesis, Robert Parsons concluded that local communities protest the closure of nearby bases because they overestimate the

  1. Military Base Closures: Implementing the 2005 Round

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-05-09

    private partnerships ; and (3) consider exchanging military land with private developers in return for building new base facilities. In another example, a...Force Base. Other grants have been awarded to (1) establish links between military bases and state universities; (2) utilize the potential for public

  2. Can Academic Freedom Work in Military Academies?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niday, Jackson A., II; Harrington, Kathleen

    2007-01-01

    This article addresses the thorny question of military discipline vs. academic freedom, demonstrating that the military academy is the perfect proving ground if you want to test the value of academic freedom. The authors, who are also Air Force officers, embarked on a two-year quest to determine what place academic freedom has at a military…

  3. Can Academic Freedom Work in Military Academies?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niday, Jackson A., II; Harrington, Kathleen

    2007-01-01

    This article addresses the thorny question of military discipline vs. academic freedom, demonstrating that the military academy is the perfect proving ground if you want to test the value of academic freedom. The authors, who are also Air Force officers, embarked on a two-year quest to determine what place academic freedom has at a military…

  4. The Demographics of Military Children and Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clever, Molly; Segal, David R.

    2013-01-01

    Since the advent of the all-volunteer force in the 1970s, marriage, parenthood, and family life have become commonplace in the U.S. military among enlisted personnel and officers alike, and military spouses and children now outnumber service members by a ratio of 1.4 to 1. Reviewing data from the government and from academic and nonacademic…

  5. Suicide prevention in military organizations.

    PubMed

    Zamorski, Mark A

    2011-04-01

    Suicide is an important public health problem in the demographic group that forms the bulk of military populations, namely young and middle-aged men. Suicide in the military also has special significance: certain aspects of military service can lead to serious mental disorders that increase the risk of suicidal behaviour. Moreover, military organizations have control over a broad range of factors (notably the direct delivery of mental health care) that could mitigate suicide risk. This article will review the literature on suicide risk in military organizations to answer the important question: Are military personnel at increased risk for suicide? Next, Mann et al.'s (2005) model for specific suicide preventive interventions in civilian settings will be reviewed and then expanded, with an emphasis on identifying special opportunities for suicide prevention in military organizations, including: 1) organizational interventions to mitigate work stress; 2) selection, resilience training, and risk factor reduction; 3) interventions to overcome barriers to care; and 4) systematic quality improvement efforts in mental health care. Finally, the evidence behind comprehensive suicide prevention programmes will be reviewed, with a special focus on the US Air Force's benchmark programme.

  6. The Racial History of the U.S. Military Academies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Susan D.

    1999-01-01

    Presents the history of the entry of African American students and faculty into the nation's prestigious military institutions: the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, and the U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs. Notes that the military's effort to diversify its troops and officer corps is a recent…

  7. Intergenerational Occupational Inheritance in the Military: A Reexamination.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowen, Gary Lee

    1986-01-01

    Based on stratified probability sample of Air Force married enlisted personnel and officers, examines relationship between military service patterns of fathers and career intentions of their sons who enlist in military service. Provides no support for intergenerational linkage between military service patterns of fathers and career intentions and…

  8. 32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Civil-military cooperative programs. 634.42...-military cooperative programs. (a) State-Armed Forces Traffic Workshop Program. This program is an organized effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities throughout a State or...

  9. 32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Civil-military cooperative programs. 634.42...-military cooperative programs. (a) State-Armed Forces Traffic Workshop Program. This program is an organized effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities throughout a State or...

  10. 32 CFR 634.42 - Civil-military cooperative programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Civil-military cooperative programs. 634.42...-military cooperative programs. (a) State-Armed Forces Traffic Workshop Program. This program is an organized effort to coordinate military and civil traffic safety activities throughout a State or...

  11. American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-26

    16 Table 14. Operation Iraqi Freedom: Military Deaths , March 19, 2003, Through...Freedom: Military Deaths , March 19, 2003, Through February 6, 2010 Casualty Type Totals Army Navya Marines Air Force Hostile 3,469 2,524 65 851 29...2 Table 2. Worldwide U.S. Active Duty Military Deaths

  12. 75 FR 26055 - Military Spouse Appreciation Day, 2010

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-11

    ...#0;#0; #0; #0;Title 3-- #0;The President ] Proclamation 8515 of May 6, 2010 Military Spouse... responsibility. As we mark Military Spouse Appreciation Day, we reaffirm our steadfast commitment to supporting... Armed Forces, servicemembers' spouses keep our military families on track. They balance family life...

  13. Military Dog Training for Law Enforcement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atwell, Lou E.

    1977-01-01

    Describes five courses involved in the intensive training that dogs and their handlers go through in the Military Dog Studies Branch at Lackland Air Force Base (San Antonio, Texas) in preparation for duties in law enforcement. (HD)

  14. Update: routine screening for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus, civilian applicants for U.S. military service and U.S. Armed Forces, active and reserve components, January 2010-June 2015.

    PubMed

    2015-08-01

    This report contains an update through June 2015 of the results of routine screening for antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among civilian applicants for military service and among members of the active and reserve components of the U.S. Armed Forces. Seroprevalences among civilian applicants in 2014 and the first half of 2015 (0.21 and 0.22 per 1,000 tested, respectively) were markedly lower than in 2012 (0.28 per 1,000 tested). In nearly every component of every military service, seroprevalences in 2014 and 2015 were either lower than, or relatively similar to, prevalences in prior years; however, in the Army National Guard, seroprevalences increased each year and approximately doubled from 2010 (0.18 per 1,000 tested) to 2014-2015 (0.36-0.39 per 1,000 tested). Among active and reserve component service members, seroprevalences continue to be higher among Army and Navy members and males than their respective counterparts.

  15. Military women as wives and mothers.

    PubMed

    Wahl, C K; Rundall, V F

    1996-01-01

    The increasing number of women in the military, especially married women and mothers, is forcing the military to accommodate populations it did not have to deal with in the past. The military community has responded by initiating programs that address the needs of active duty wives and mothers, especially with regard to family support, health care, and available child care facilities. However, many policy questions pertaining to military women remain, including nondeployment of breastfeeding women or mothers of small infants, treating the family as the unit of analysis and not just the service member, and providing programs such as WIC and Head Start to its members overseas.

  16. [The Appointment of Paediatric Professorships in the Soviet Occupation Zone and the early GDR. The Impact of the Political System Change after 1945].

    PubMed

    Hinz-Wessels, Annette

    2016-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of the political system change after 1945 on the appointment of paediatric professorships in the Soviet Occupation Zone and the GDR up until the time the Wall was built in 1961. It can be demonstrated that the political purge in the post-war period had only minor impact on the appointment of professorships and the National Socialist past no longer mattered after the conclusion of denazification. In 1957, the proportion of former NSDAP members among East German university professors of paediatrics was 100 per cent. When it came to new appointments, both members of the "bourgeois" academic non-professorial teaching staff from the GDR as well as paediatricians from West Germany, who had largely gained their scientifically qualifications under National Socialism, were in the running. A politically-controlled elite exchange did not take place until the construction of the Wall. State and party organs generally followed the personnel proposals of the universities since an insufficient number of qualified candidates was available for the systematic appointment of ,,progressive" paediatricians. Given the lack of staff, the SED personnel policy was aimed at the integration of previous elites, as long as they behaved loyally towards the new state. Since the East German faculties continued to make the questioning of the professionally competent professors in West Germany and East Germany the basis for their appointment lists, West German university paediatricians were able to exert considerable influence on the appointment of East German paediatric professorship until 1960s.

  17. [The current state and development prospectives of military nephrology].

    PubMed

    Nagibovich, O A; Golota, A S; Krassiĭ, A B

    2014-05-01

    This article is dedicated to the current state and prospectives of military nephrology. Using as examples the nephrology services of the armed forces of Serbia, France, Great Britain and USA it is shown that this branch of military healthcare plays an important role abroad. The brief review of military nephrology formation and development history demonstrates the growing significance of military nephrology in the general system of medical care at the battlefield.

  18. The Cultural Antecedents of U.S. Military Planning

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-03-01

    government and the nation than it was accustomed to holding during peace. It also forced the uniformed military into the unfamilar role of military...National Military Establishment, it has been virtually impossible since the National Security Act of 1947 to treat the uniformed military as an entity...National Defense, the senior uniformed representative, would serve as an advisory body to the Secretary and President. [Ref. 53) 66Congress was at

  19. Training military surgeons: a challenge for the future.

    PubMed

    MacFarlane, Campbell; Ryan, James

    2002-03-01

    The last 10 years has seen a reduction in defense spending and a contraction in military force size in all NATO countries. This has had a direct effect on military medical capability. In some allied countries, this reduction has extended to the virtual disappearance of independent military hospitals. Military surgeons are now few in number, and fewer still have had recent operational experience. This article addresses the problem and offers some solutions.

  20. Building (Family) Muscle: How Prolonged Conflicts Can Strengthen Military Families

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-12

    military spouse characteristics like independence, self - esteem , and empowerment. A service wide initiative encouraging children to participate in...society and subsequently the military forced the services to modify both its attitude toward military families and its policies. The effects of...challenges of military life; become self -reliant and confident; and lead fulfilling, satisfying family lives.5 How is it possible that the VUCA

  1. Military Career Guide: Employment and Training Opportunities in the Military.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Military Entrance Processing Command (DOD), North Chicago, IL.

    This copiously illustrated guide is a single reference source for the diverse employment and training opportunities in the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. It is divided into two major sections. The first section contains descriptions of 134 enlisted military occupations and provides information regarding the aptitudes needed…

  2. Special Operations Forces Interagency Counterterrorism Reference Manual, Second Edition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-01

    Civil-Military Coordination Center ( CMCC ) is typically located within a secured, military-controlled facility. Access is limited to the key HN...United States of America www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2008/07/107063.htm Civil-Military Cooperation Center Civil-Military Coordination Center ( CMCC ...Operations Task Force (DoD) CMCC . Civil-Military Coordination Center CMM. Conflict Management and Mitigation (USAID) CMO. Civil-Military Operations (DoD) CMOC

  3. The Unequal Professional Dialogue: American Civil-Military Relations and the Professional Military Ethic

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-11-01

    soldiers have succumbed to the courtier mentality rather than that true harmony exists." 6 The "Normal" Theory of Civil-Military Relations...34 Joint Forces Quarterly (Summer 2002), 51. 5 Cohen contrasts his theory of civil-military relations with what he terms the "normal theory " of civil...military relations. This theory assumes a rather clear cut division of labor and authority between general and statesmen. The statesman decides on

  4. Military Aircraft: Policies on Government Officials’ Use of 89th Military Airlift Wing Aircraft

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-04-01

    Dear Mr. Horton: This report responds to your request that we review the policies governing the use of military aircraft from the Air Force’s 89th... military aircraft by government officials is addressed in a variety of official policy documents, including Office of Management and Budget Circular A-126...specific aircraft management issues at individual agencies, and specific questions concerning the use of both government and military aircraft in certain

  5. Military Civic Action in Colombia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-08-01

    terror to destroy the Liberal forces.59 However, the government under G6mez also pursued other policies as a means to end the violence. Gomez attempted...military did initiate a number of civic action projects. One of these was the Servicio de Aeronavegaci6n a los Territorios Nacionales (SATENA

  6. Literacy Instruction in the Military.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duffy, Thomas M.

    Despite the fact that military careers require much higher levels of literacy than do comparable civilian careers, the range of literacy levels of enlistees is roughly representative of the abilities found amoung high school graduates. In response to the need to raise the literacy levels of their personnel, the Armed Forces have paid increasing…

  7. New business with the new military.

    PubMed

    Apgar, Mahlon; Keane, John M

    2004-09-01

    A $200 billion market has appeared on your business horizon, but you may not have noticed it. It's the U.S. military--the new U.S. military. Virtually all aspects of the military are changing to ensure it can fight unpredictable threats while sustaining the infrastructure needed to support and train forces. The military is turning to non-traditional business partners to meet a wide range of needs, from health care to housing to information technology. The Defense Department is yielding its monopoly on every aspect of national security and adopting a more businesslike model in which the military's warfighting capabilities are supported through outsourcing and business alliances. Civilians are replacing military personnel in many noncombat roles. Military functions with corporate equivalents are candidates for outsourcing and privatization. Market standards are replacing the heavy customization that has locked many companies out of this marketplace. The authors have participated in the transformation process from different perspectives--one civilian, the other military. Together, they highlight the prospects that transformation is creating for companies outside the traditional defense industry and reveal paths to success in this complex market. They also present six principles for doing business with the military that require persistence, integrity, and a willingness to master the intricacies of a distinctive culture. By understanding the logic of military transformation, executives can identify and create vast new business opportunities. And by mastering the six principles, they can build profitable long-term relationships.

  8. The National Military Command Structure,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-07-01

    Defense Command ( ADCOM )--a Specified Command--is the single manager of US forces for the surveillance, warning, and defense of the United States against...Force has conducted a study of alternatives for changing the management of assets currently assigned to ADCOM without changing its basic missions. This...issues, the President should consider the formation of a group of National Military Advisers. 78 SLOSSARY ADCOM Aerospace Defense Command ASD/ISA

  9. Military Authority.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martz, Carlton; Hayes, Bill

    2001-01-01

    This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" explores questions of military authority. The first article looks at the French Army mutinies in World War I and how the French Army dealt with them. The second article examines President Truman's firing of popular and powerful General Douglas MacArthur during the Korean War. The final article…

  10. 32 CFR 809a.2 - Military responsibility and authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Military responsibility and authority. 809a.2 Section 809a.2 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE... Entry Policy § 809a.2 Military responsibility and authority. (a) Air Force installation commanders...

  11. 32 CFR 809a.2 - Military responsibility and authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Military responsibility and authority. 809a.2 Section 809a.2 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE... Entry Policy § 809a.2 Military responsibility and authority. (a) Air Force installation commanders...

  12. 32 CFR 809a.2 - Military responsibility and authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Military responsibility and authority. 809a.2 Section 809a.2 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE... Entry Policy § 809a.2 Military responsibility and authority. (a) Air Force installation commanders are...

  13. 32 CFR 809a.2 - Military responsibility and authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military responsibility and authority. 809a.2 Section 809a.2 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE... Entry Policy § 809a.2 Military responsibility and authority. (a) Air Force installation commanders are...

  14. 32 CFR 809a.2 - Military responsibility and authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Military responsibility and authority. 809a.2 Section 809a.2 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE... Entry Policy § 809a.2 Military responsibility and authority. (a) Air Force installation commanders are...

  15. Biographical Data as Predictors of Success in Military Aviation Training

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-12-01

    Jeffrey Kantor (The United States Air Force Systems Command/Human Systems Division, Brooks Air Force Base, Texas). My thanks also to the men and women...measured in the early days of military flight training and the criterion for present day technologically advanced fighter aircraft. The same criterion...costs have made the optimal selection of 17 military pilots of primary concern to the Air Force ( Kantor and Bordelon, 1985). In today’s Air Force

  16. Soviet Military Power

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-03-01

    military lpresence. To cite just one example, a Soviet Navy task force operated in the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico from November 1982 to February 1985...year, Other Surface Combatants: Additionally, the Mi Prduction Naval Ship Cmo itlfon. . USSR and NATO USSR and NATO MI.l T6ype 1976’ 1979’ 1m, 101I...the Caribbean, Gulf of Soviet assistance to Grenada has taken the • Mexico and nearby portions of the Atlantic form of supplying weapons, construction

  17. Gulf Cooperation Council: Arabian Gulf Cooperation Continues Defense Forces (Peninsula Shield Force)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-23

    Gulf Cooperation Council: Arabian Gulf Cooperation Continues Defense Forces (Peninsula Shield Force) A Monograph by...... Arabian Gulf Security Studies; Peninsula Shield Force; GCC Joint Military Command; GCC Security, GCC Geopolitics; Gulf Cooperation Council Threats

  18. Pending crisis in Russian civil military relations

    SciTech Connect

    Ball, D.Y.

    1997-10-01

    A key issue in the study of civil-military relations has been how to create a military sufficiently strong to ensure security from external threats while simultaneously preventing the military from using its preponderance of power in the domestic arena. This dilemma arises from the fear engendered by a large armed force created to combat foreign threats, but which is also inherently a threat to the society that created it. In Russia, however, the question is not how the civilian leadership can keep the military out of politics, but how the military can keep the leadership from politicizing the armed forces. The Russian military has no interest in resolving Russia`s domestic political problems. It is a professional military that prefers to leave politics to the politicians, and to carry out its mission of defending the nation against external attack. But the lack of responsible central leadership and the poor state of the economy are driving the military toward involvement in domestic politics if for no other reason than to ensure its own survival.

  19. Air Power and Warfare. The Proceedings of the Military History Symposium (8th), United States Air Force Academy, 18-20 October 1978,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-01-01

    respective air arms within the fiscal constraints imposed by the state of the national economy and inevitably slim budgets. The Army Air Corps justified...and that coordination with OPD and other War De- partment agencies was ever becoming more of a question of mere cour- tesy .""’ Arnold’s respect for...protesting the cut in the Air Force’s Fiscal Year 1949 (FY 1949) budget request. The JCS had confirmed the Seventy-Group Air Force as necessary for

  20. The demographics of military children and families.

    PubMed

    Clever, Molly; Segal, David R

    2013-01-01

    Since the advent of the all-volunteer force in the 1970s, marriage, parenthood, and family life have become commonplace in the U.S. military among enlisted personnel and officers alike, and military spouses and children now outnumber service members by a ratio of 1.4 to 1. Reviewing data from the government and from academic and nonacademic research, Molly Clever and David R. Segal find several trends that distinguish today's military families. Compared with civilians, for example, service members marry younger and start families earlier. Because of the requirements of their jobs, they move much more frequently than civilians do, and they are often separated from their families for months at a time. And despite steady increases since the 1970s in the percentage of women who serve, the armed forces are still overwhelmingly male, meaning that the majority of military parents are fathers. Despite these distinguishing trends, Clever and Segal's chief finding is that military families cannot be neatly pigeonholed. Instead, they are a strikingly diverse population with diverse needs. Within the military, demographic groups differ in important ways, and the service branches differ from one another as well. Military families themselves come in many forms, including not only the categories familiar from civilian life--two-parent, single-parent, and so on--but also, unique to the military, dual-service families in which both parents are service members. Moreover, military families' needs change over time as they move through personal and military transitions. Thus the best policies and programs to help military families and children are flexible and adaptable rather than rigidly structured.

  1. Current Canadian Forces Education and Training for Moral and Ethical Decision Making in Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    College Saint- Jean (RMCSJ), Canadian Forces College (CFC), Canadian Forces Military Law Centre (CFMLC), Canadian Forces Chaplain School and Centre (CFCSC...2.1.2 Royal Military College Saint- Jean (RMCSJ)............................................................................. 11 2.1.3 Canadian Forces...College RMCSJ Royal Military College Saint- Jean ROEs Rules of Engagement SA Scientific Authority SAP Senior Appointment Programme SGBV Sexual

  2. Disruptive Technology for Vector Control: the Innovative Vector Control Consortium and the US Military Join Forces to Explore Transformative Insecticide Application Technology for Mosquito Control Programmes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-09-26

    Forces Pest Management Board (AFPMB) focused on public health pesticide application technology. Three main top- ics were discussed: the limitations...programmes are using constant flow valves and erosion resistant tips; introducing compression sprayer improvements that help minimize pesticide ...industry, the World Health Organization, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and others. Keywords: Pesticide application, Indoor residual spraying (IRS

  3. Defense Manpower Commission Staff Studies and Supporting Papers. Volume 3. Military Recruitment and Accessions and Future of the All Volunteer Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-05-01

    officers of the Regular Force completing their terms of service were e0e160ed to Re- cruiting Services for their " twilight tours". Duriag the draft...departments/sections conducts a broad market communications program. Efforts range from preparation and placement of printed ads in saga - Zino

  4. The Glass Ceiling Effect and Its Impact on Mid-Level Female Military Officer Career Progression in the United States Marine Corps and Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-03-01

    General’s have not been anywhere else. Why not the FSSG at Lejuene , why not the FSSG at Camp Pendleton? Finally this Colonel (MC17) added: I think...responses. Marine Corps interviews were conducted at NPS, Camp Pendleton, MCAS Miramar, and MCRD San Diego. Air Force interviews took place at NPS

  5. Final Environmental Assessment for the Update and Implementation of the Total Force Training Mission for Visiting Units (Operation Snowbird, Multi-Service, and Foreign Military Sales), Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-14

    at website: http://www.epa.gov/air/emissions/index/htm. U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO). 2000. Report to the Honorable James L. Oberstar...AZ 85712 cc: Deborah Lee James , Secretary of the Air Force Ms. Miranda A. A. Ballentine, Air Force Asst. Sec. for Installations, Environment and...Frecht, Daniela, Ghosh, Rebecca, Laszlo, Helga, Pearson, Clare, Beale, Linda, Beevers, Sean, Gulliver, John , Best, Nicky, Richardson, Sylvia, Elliott

  6. PILOT SHORTAGES AHEAD. AN EXAMINATION OF THE COMPENSATION OF CAREER MILITARY PILOTS AS CONTRASTED TO COMMERCIAL AVIATION AIRLINE PILOTS.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    MANPOWER, *AIR TRANSPORTATION, *PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, MILITARY REQUIREMENTS, PILOTS, COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT, AVIATION PERSONNEL, AIRCRAFT INDUSTRY, AIR...FORCE PERSONNEL, AIR FORCE TRAINING, TRAINING, ATTRITION, SALARIES, CIVIL AVIATION .

  7. National Military Family Association

    MedlinePlus

    ... have good news and bad news for military families. MORE Military Families Brace for What’s Next In Syria President Trump ordered an airstrike in Syria leaving military families wondering what's next. More April is the Month ...

  8. DEFENSE MANAGEMENT. Industry Practices Can Help Military Exchanges Better Assure That Their Goods Are Not Made by Child or Forced Labor

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-01-01

    eliminating sweatshops in the United States. However, we reported on the "widespread existence" of sweatshops within the United States in the 1980s and 1990s.6...Monte, California, and found sweatshop working conditions-workers were confined behind razor wire fences and forced to work 20 hours a day for 70 cents...association, the El Monte raid provoked a public outcry and galvanized the U.S. government’s efforts against sweatshops . Concern in the United States about

  9. A Bumpy Road and a Bridge too Far? An Analysis of the Realistic Bridging and Horizontal Construction Capabilities of the Canadian Military Engineers in the Force 2013 Structure

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-17

    capabilities generated specifically for combat in the Afghanistan theatre of operations. This marks a period of transition from the Army of Today to...Government of Canada, 1999), 1-4. Mobility defined as the ability of air, land and sea forces to move and to conduct operations throughout the theatre at... theatre specific capability development when responding to urgent combat requirements in Afghanistan. Throughout operations in Afghanistan, elements of

  10. The Mix of Military and Civilian Faculty at the United States Air Force Academy: Finding a Sustainable Balance for Enduring Success

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. This electronic document was made available from www.rand.org as...Balance for Enduring Success PROJECT AIR FORCE The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through...team members to work together.” An example for organizational leadership development is “learning how to motivate all members of an organiza- tion

  11. Lower limb stress fractures in military training.

    PubMed

    Wood, A M; Porter, A

    2015-01-01

    This article describes stress fractures that are seen in military training, and reviews the relevant literature. The information is vital for medical personnel who work with the United Kingdom (UK) Armed Forces, particularly those working in training establishments. The author suggests areas for further research and discusses some of the issues in current UK Armed Forces training.

  12. Improving Military Integration in Coalitions in Africa

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-01

    Congo MNF -I Multi-National Forces – Iraq MNLA National Movement for the Liberations of Azawad MTWG Military Technical Working Group MUJWA Movement...Coalition in Operation Desert Storm, the Multi-National Force–Iraq ( MNF -I), the International Security Assistance Forces (ISAF) in Afghanistan, or

  13. Education vs. Training: A Military Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kime, Steve F.; Anderson, Clinton L.

    Civilian educators have long argued that the U.S. armed forces must be maintained as a reflection of society and that civilian education institutions must share responsibility in educating servicemembers. Political changes and technological advances have made education a strategic issue in structuring military forces for the third millennium. In…

  14. Assessing Public Opinion Toward the Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-05-01

    aimed at a military audience, it has potential for providing the public information about the Air Force. This is just one of the many creative ... activities which could be used to educate, to pass on to the public correct information about the nature and business of the Air Force. 46 In

  15. [Soldier's social adaptation during the military service].

    PubMed

    Dedić, Gordana

    2004-01-01

    Soldier's social adaptation includes his interpersonal relationships with his environment integration into the military community and the ability to fulfill his role in the military environment and to function adequately outside of it. The aim of this study was to establish the dynamics of soldier's social adaptation during the military service. The study involved soldiers of two platoons of the Armed Forces of Serbia and Montenegro, divided into three groups according to the period of the study: after the first month, after the basic training and at the end of the military service. The instruments applied for the study were sociodemografic questionnaire and Social Adaptation Self-evaluation Scale. Statistical analysis of the obtained data was done using Stident's t-test. The results of the study that soldier's contentment with his professional role and with the quality of his interpersonal relations was highest during the basic training, but the quality of leisure activities was lowest at the end of the military service.

  16. U.S. Military Forces and Police Assistance in Stability Operations: The Least-Worst Option to Fill the U.S. Capacity Gap

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-08-01

    force. David Bayley in his study, “Democratizing the Po- lice Abroad: What to Do and How to Do It,” after surveying the relevant literature...Ibid., p. 3-6. 5. Ibid., p. 3-7. 6. Ibid., p. 3-7. 7. Ibid., pp. 6-17 - 6-18. 8. Robert Tabor , War of the Flea: The Classic Study of Guerrilla Warfare...Sector Reform, Governance, and Economics, jointly sponsored by AUSA, CNA, and PKSOI, Washington, DC, April 6, 2009. 29. David H. Bayley, “U.S. Aid

  17. Intersex patients in military service.

    PubMed

    Marom, Tal; Itskoviz, David; Ostfeld, Ishay

    2008-11-01

    The term "intersex" describes a variety of medical conditions in which sex determination is atypical. One of its most severe forms is an inadequate response to androgens due to mutations in the androgen receptor gene, which may manifest as a complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS). In this form of intersex condition, genetically male individuals do not form masculine genitalia, but have a female phenotype. Officially, Israel Defense Forces policy does not prohibit intersex patients' draft. However, it is uncommon to encounter intersex patients in the military setting. In this report, we describe a case of a combat Israeli Defense Forces female soldier, whose CAIS diagnosis was not reported to the military health authorities before her recruitment, but was revealed only during active service. Medical and other professional issues were discreetly handled, permitting her to successfully fulfill her 2 years of duty service. Although CAIS is a rare entity, it should be appropriately addressed in medical, psychological, social, and command aspects in the unique military setting. Our recommendation is to allow intersex patients military service, but not in combat units.

  18. Socioeconomic issues of United States military neurosurgery.

    PubMed

    Moquin, Ross R; Ecklund, James M

    2002-04-15

    Although the practice of neurosurgery in the United States (US) Armed Forces is in many ways similar to the civilian practice of neurosurgery, there are many differences as well. The unique challenges, duties, and opportunities US military neurosurgeons are given, both in peacetime and in times of conflict, are discussed, as are pathways for entering into service. The advantages of military service for neurosurgeons include sponsored training, decreased direct exposure to tort actions, little involvement with third-party payers, significant opportunities for travel, and military specific experiences. The most appealing aspect of military practice is serving fellow members of the US Armed Forces. Disadvantages include the extreme gap between the military and civilian pay scales, lack of support personnel, and in some areas low surgery-related case volume. The greatest concern faced by the military neurosurgical community is the failure to retain experienced neurosurgeons after their obligated service time has been completed, for which several possible solutions are described. It is hoped that future changes will make the practice of military neurosurgery attractive enough so that it will be seen as a career in itself and not an obligation to endure before starting practice in the "real world."

  19. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military Affairs.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    3 National Security in the Nuclear Age [V. Serebryannikov; KOMMUNIST VOORUZHENNYKH SIL No 9, May 88] 5 MILITARY SCIENCE Military Aspect of...words. This is the main order issued by the party conference. 07045 National Security in the Nuclear Age 18010259 Moscow KOMMUNIST VOORUZHENNYKH SIL...Nuclear Age "] [Text] Ensuring national security has always been con- sidered the holy of holies of every state. The armed forces and weapons

  20. Defense Downsizing and Blacks in the Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-06-01

    8217IIa NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL Monterey, California AD-A272 415 THESIS DEFENSE DOWNSIZING AND BLACKS IN THE MILITARY by Roy L. Nixon June 1993 Thesis...include security classification) DEFENSE DOWNSIZING AND BLACKS IN TIE MILITARY 12 Plersonal Author(s) Roy L. Nixon 1 3a Type of Report I13b Time Covered...end of the draft. However. the armed forces are now engaged in the process of downsizing , and there is some speculation that blacks may be

  1. The United States Military and Humanitarian Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-01-01

    stated that, "The wave of the future will be putting together task forces that will be able to respond to crisis management or humanitarian...equipped for combat. "The skills needed to feed hungry people in Africa or build tent cities for hurricane victims are different from the skills needed...examine three options for the military’s role in humanitaria operations at home and abroad. Option 1: Virtually Eliminate Anv Military Role This is the

  2. Small Scale Water Disinfection for Military Purposes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-01-01

    AD-A268 654 Small scale water disinfection for military purposes. Gary Thomson DSTO DoGC Materials Research Laboratory ELECTE P.O. Box 147 m...Scottsdale AUG 2 4 •9 3 1. SUMTasmania 7260 E When a military force is in the field, it is impossible to apply at all times the normal practices of water ...purification such as coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, filtration and chlorination used for a municipal water supply. For personnel who are

  3. The Military Theater Distribution Network Design Problem

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-26

    The Military Theater Distribution Network Design Problem THESIS MARCH 2015 Robert R. Craig, MAJ, USA AFIT-ENS-MS-15-M-137 DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE...subject to copyright protection in the United States. AFIT-ENS-MS-15-M-137 THE MILITARY THEATER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK DESIGN PROBLEM THESIS Presented...DISTRIBUTION NETWORK DESIGN PROBLEM THESIS Robert R. Craig, B.S., M.S. MAJ, USA Committee Membership: LTC Brian J. Lunday, Ph.D. Chair Dr. Ray R. Hill

  4. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military Affairs.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    of colonels A. Denisov and V . Materikin, senior instructors at the Military Academy of Armored Troops imeni MSU R. Ya. Malinovskiy. Each of these...Response to Arms Initiatives Criticized [Capt. V . Kuzar; KRASNAYA ZVEZDA, 17 Jul 88] 6 ARMED FORCES Results of KRASNAYA ZVEZDA’S On-Going Readers...Shkadov; KRASNAYA ZVEZDA, 26 Apr 88] 18 Maj Gen Dorofeyev on Educational Reform in Military Academies [ Yu . Dorofeyev; KRASNAYA ZVEZDA, 24 Apr 88] 20

  5. Predicting Dishonorable Discharge Among Military Recruits

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining...the time of signing the contract. The results of the model show that the variables female, age, number of dependents, prior military service, AFQT...dependents, prior military service, Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) score, weight, height, and citizenship status at the time of signing the contract

  6. Civil Military Relations And Sexual Assault

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-01

    numbers suggest, the civilian justice system may not be doing such a good job either. Civil-military relations revolve around who controls what...counterpart. Yet, as the numbers suggest, the civilian justice system may not be doing such a good job either. Civil-military relations revolve...3 serious charges and good evidence of sexual assault, if the accused is particularly decorated or well liked. Air Force Col. Don Christensen, the

  7. Military traumatic brain injury: a review.

    PubMed

    Chapman, Julie C; Diaz-Arrastia, Ramon

    2014-06-01

    Military mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) differs from civilian injury in important ways. Although mTBI sustained in both military and civilian settings are likely to be underreported, the combat theater presents additional obstacles to reporting and accessing care. The impact of blast forces on the nervous system may differ from nonblast mechanisms, mTBI although studies comparing the neurologic and cognitive sequelae in mTBI survivors have not provided such evidence. However, emotional distress appears to figure prominently in symptoms following military mTBI. This review evaluates the extant literature with an eye towards future research directions.

  8. Update: Routine screening for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus, civilian applicants for U.S. military service and U.S. Armed Forces, active and reserve components, January 2009-June 2014.

    PubMed

    2014-08-01

    This report contains an update through June 2014 of the results of routine screening for antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among civilian applicants for military service and among members of the active and reserve components of the U.S. Armed Forces. Seroprevalences among civilian applicants in 2013 and the first half of 2014 (0.19 and 0.15 per 1,000 tested, respectively) were markedly lower than in 2012 (0.27 per 1,000 tested). In nearly every component of every service, seroprevalences in 2013 and 2014 were either similar or lower than in prior years; however, in the Army National Guard, seroprevalences increased each year and approximately doubled from 2010 (0.18 per 1,000 tested) to 2013-2014 (0.35-0.41 per 1,000 tested). Among active and reserve component service members, seroprevalences continue to be higher among Army and Navy members and males than their respective counterparts.

  9. Updates: Routine screening for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1), civilian applicants for U.S. military service and U.S. Armed Forces, active and reserve components.

    PubMed

    2012-08-01

    During routine testing of civilian applicants for U.S. military service, the overall seroprevalence of antibodies to HIV-1 in 2011 was the second lowest of any year since 1990. Among members of the active components of the U.S. Army, HIV-1 seroprevalences were higher during 2008 to 2011 than in recent prior years. Among members of the active components of the U.S. Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps, the Marine Corps Reserve, and the Army National Guard, HIV-1 seroprevalences have slightly declined or remained relatively stable for at least ten years. In the reserve components of most service branches, it is difficult to discern long-term trends because of instability of seroprevalences in the relatively small numbers of reserve component members tested each year. Monitoring of HIV-1 seroprevalences can help target and focus prevention initiatives. The recent repeal of the Don't Ask Don't Tell policy has created opportunities for prevention messages targeted to men who have sex with men.

  10. Civil Military Cooperation for Counterterrorism Operations within the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    military, specifically Special Operations Forces, possesses a pool of talent in advanced counterterrorism operations that is not being utilized by...United States. The U.S. military, specifically Special Operations Forces, possesses a pool of talent in advanced counterterrorism operations that...examine and restructure the force allowing creativity to be applied to existing and older problems. The Army has created new and effective ideas when

  11. Comparative Analysis of the Use of Foreign Military Sales (FMS) and Direct Commercial Sales (DCS) in the Procurement of US Defense Articles by the Philippine Government for the Use of the Armed Forces of the Philippines

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-06-01

    1 B. BACKGROUND ..............................................................................................1 C ...15 C . SECURITY ASSISTANCE FOR COUNTERTERRORISM....................20 D. SUMMARY...24 c . Appropriations Acts ................................................................25 B. FOREIGN MILITARY

  12. Military vaccines in today's environment.

    PubMed

    Schmaljohn, Connie S; Smith, Leonard A; Friedlander, Arthur M

    2012-08-01

    The US military has a long and highly distinguished record of developing effective vaccines against pathogens that threaten the armed forces. Many of these vaccines have also been of significant benefit to civilian populations around the world. The current requirements for force protection include vaccines against endemic disease threats as well as against biological warfare or bioterrorism agents, to include novel or genetically engineered threats. The cost of vaccine development and the modern regulatory requirements for licensing vaccines have strained the ability of the program to maintain this broad mission. Without innovative vaccine technologies, streamlined regulatory strategies, and coordinating efforts for use in civilian populations where appropriate, the military vaccine development program is in jeopardy.

  13. Slowing Military Change

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-10-01

    Military Models to Ottoman Turkey and Meiji Japan,” in Theo Farrell and Terry Terriff, eds., The Sources of Military Change: Culture, Politics, Technology...2002; Farrell and Terriff, “The Sources of Military Change”; Goldman, “The Spread of Western Military Models to Ottoman Turkey and Meiji Japan.” 107

  14. The use of telecommunications satellites by the air, sea, and land military forces and by civil defense - Project SICRAL AM/136/80

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lorenzoni, A.

    1983-03-01

    The projected uses and design concept of SICRAL, an Italian satellite program being developed for classified and emergency communications, are discussed. It is shown that a dedicated satellite, as a complement to terrestrial systems, is ideally suited to serve the needs of the armed forces, in cooperation with NATO, and of the civil defense organizations. SICRAL should provide normal and secure telephone, telegraph and teletype, facsimile, and data-transmission services to a variable mix of fixed and mobile stations, using the SHF, UHF, and EHF bands. Present plans call for two 1400-kg triaxially stabilized multiple-payload-type geostationary satellites, one operational and one in reserve, with a third satellite ready for launch as soon as the reserve satellite becomes operational. SICRAL could be launched by Ariane IV or Shuttle for preoperational testing within five years and full operational status in six or seven years, including time for ground-facility construction.

  15. Automobile or Other Conveyance and Adaptive Equipment Certificate of Eligibility for Veterans or Members of the Armed Forces With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Connected to Military Service. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2016-01-13

    The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) published an Interim Final Rule on February 25, 2015, to amend its adjudication regulations to provide a certificate of eligibility for financial assistance in the purchase of an automobile or other conveyance and adaptive equipment for all veterans with service-connected amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and servicemembers serving on active duty with ALS. The amendment authorized automatic issuance of a certificate of eligibility for financial assistance in the purchase of an automobile or other conveyance and adaptive equipment to all veterans with service-connected ALS and members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty with ALS. The intent of this final rule is to confirm the amendment made by the interim final rule without change.

  16. Rorschach variables and Big Five scales as predictors of military training completion: a replication study of the selection of candidates to the naval special forces in Norway.

    PubMed

    Hartmann, Ellen; Grønnerød, Cato

    2009-05-01

    We tested 140 male candidates at the Naval Special Forces (NFS) of Norway on the Rorschach (Exner, 2003; Rorschach, 1921/1942) and the Norwegian version of the Big Five personality dimensions (Engvik & Føllesdal, 2005). Rorschach variables significantly correlated with training completion (effect sizes of r(e) = .14-.25), whereas none of the Big Five factors or facets did. The combination of Rorschach and Big Five variables framed in the illusory mental health concept provided strong predictive ability. Testing under stress produced slightly higher predictive validity coefficients between the Rorschach variables and pass-fail than under calm testing. The findings support the results of Hartmann, Sunde, Kristensen, and Martinussen (2003), indicating that Rorschach variables and indications of good mental health may be valid predictors of NFS training.

  17. State Defense Forces: Forces for NORTHCOM and Homeland Security?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-26

    Listing of State Defense Forces: 1. Alabama State Defense Force (ALSDF). http://www.alsdf.org 2. Alaska State Defense Force ( ASDF ) http://www.ak...prepared.com/ asdf 3. California State Military Reserve (CASMR) http://www.militarymuseum.org/CASMR.html 4. Connecticut State Militia http://ctarng

  18. Deterrence in Professional Military Education

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-08-01

    guide operational planning; moreover, complex escalation scenarios in- creasingly are the focus of tabletops and war games in the strategic forces...that can deliver advantages not only in power pro - jection but in all aspects of strategic warfare. Professional military education (PME), however...but it is not clear how well such disparate activities address deterrence. A good model for working-level pro - fessionals is the Strategic Policy

  19. Genetic Counseling in Military Hospitals

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-04-01

    maintain an action for negligent prenatal care provided to the plaintiff’s mother while the mother and father were on active duty in the Air Force. The court...military physicians have generally met the standards of care for genetic counseling, but increased funding for personnel and equipment is necessary for...20 IV. LEGAL ISSUES IN GENETIC COUNSELING ............... 25 A. Standard of Care in Genetic Counseling ............... 25 B. Genetic Counseling

  20. Countering Terrorism on Military Installations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-07-29

    Iran, Washington, Post, 22 November 1976. 3. Biolgi Warfare and the Urban Battleground, Griffith, G.W. En- forcement Journal. Vol. 14, 1975. 4. Cuban...security forces consist of 38 dogs and handlers, 2 e;-plosive detection dogs , 48 military police, and the 4099th Labor Service Company consisting of 240...to arrival at the depot. One problem he faces is that of untrained dog handlers. While losses of ammunition had heen reported it was felt that

  1. [Current state and prospects of military personnel health monitoring].

    PubMed

    Rezvantsev, M V; Kuznetsov, S M; Ivanov, V V; Zakurdaev, V V

    2014-01-01

    The current article is dedicated to some features of the Russian Federation Armed Forces military personnel health monitoring such as legal and informational provision, methodological basis of functioning, historical aspect of formation and development of the social and hygienic monitoring in the Russian Federation Armed Forces. The term "military personnel health monitoring" is defined as an analytical system of constant and long-term observation, analysis, assessment, studying of factors determined the military personnel health, these factors correlations, health risk factors management in order to minimize them. The current state of the military personnel health monitoring allows coming to the conclusion that the military health system does have forces and resources for state policy of establishing the population health monitoring system implementation. The following directions of the militarily personnel health monitoring improvement are proposed: the Russian Federation Armed Forces medical service record and report system reorganization bringing it closer to the civilian one, implementation of the integrated approach to the medical service informatisation, namely, military personnel health status and medical service resources monitoring. The leading means in this direction are development and introduction of a military serviceman individual health status monitoring system on the basis of a serviceman electronic medical record card. Also it is proposed the current Russian Federation Armed Forces social and hygienic monitoring improvement at the expense of informational interaction between the two subsystems on the basis of unified military medical service space.

  2. The Best of Both Worlds: Psychiatry Training at Combined Civilian-Military Programs.

    PubMed

    Welton, Randon S; Hamaoka, Derrick A; Broderick, Pamela J; Schillerstrom, Jason E

    2015-08-01

    Air Force psychiatry faces the task of training competent military psychiatrists in an era of continuing reductions. Beginning in the 1980s, the Air Force started collaborating with University partners to create hybrid training programs, civilian-military psychiatry residencies. These mergers provide stability for Air Force psychiatry training in the face of increased operational missions and uncertain military recruiting. As a result of these combined programs, Air Force psychiatry residents gain access to a broader range of civilian clinical experience and expertise while maintaining a focus on distinctive military requirements. The combining of programs opens up options for academic activities which may not have otherwise existed. Both military and civilian residents benefit from the occupational psychiatry experiences available within military clinical sites. These programs give civilian residents a chance to assist active duty members and their families and provide insight into the military "lifecycle." These collaborations benefit the universities by providing access to a larger pool of residents and faculty. The synthesis of the military and civilian programs raises some ongoing obstacles such as civilian residents' ability to gain access to military resources. The programs must also accommodate separate mechanisms for selecting residents (the National Residency Matching Program versus the Joint Selection Board for Graduate Medical Education). Military residents must also comply with military standards and requirements while maintaining the universities' standards of conduct and professionalism. Merging military training programs into university programs creates a vibrant opportunity to create exceptional military and civilian psychiatrists.

  3. Military specifications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reynolds, Philip

    1987-01-01

    The current situation relative to the military specification is that there is not one specific model of turbulence which people are using. Particular disagreement exists on how turbulence levels will vary with qualitative analysis. It does not tie one down to specifics. When it comes to flying quality specifications, many feel that one should stay with the definitions of the Cooper-Harper rating scale but allow the levels to shift depending on the level of turbulence. There is a ride quality specification in the MIL-SPEC having to do with flight control systems design that is related to a turbulence model. This spec (MIL-F8785C) and others are discussed.

  4. Disruptive technology for vector control: the Innovative Vector Control Consortium and the US Military join forces to explore transformative insecticide application technology for mosquito control programmes.

    PubMed

    Knapp, Jennifer; Macdonald, Michael; Malone, David; Hamon, Nicholas; Richardson, Jason H

    2015-09-26

    Malaria vector control technology has remained largely static for decades and there is a pressing need for innovative control tools and methodology to radically improve the quality and efficiency of current vector control practices. This report summarizes a workshop jointly organized by the Innovative Vector Control Consortium (IVCC) and the Armed Forces Pest Management Board (AFPMB) focused on public health pesticide application technology. Three main topics were discussed: the limitations with current tools and techniques used for indoor residual spraying (IRS), technology innovation to improve efficacy of IRS programmes, and truly disruptive application technology beyond IRS. The group identified several opportunities to improve application technology to include: insuring all IRS programmes are using constant flow valves and erosion resistant tips; introducing compression sprayer improvements that help minimize pesticide waste and human error; and moving beyond IRS by embracing the potential for new larval source management techniques and next generation technology such as unmanned "smart" spray systems. The meeting served to lay the foundation for broader collaboration between the IVCC and AFPMB and partners in industry, the World Health Organization, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and others.

  5. Service and Joint Training: Lessons Learned from Recent Conflicts. Hearing before the Military Forces and Personnel Subcommittee of the Committee on Armed Services. House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Armed Services.

    This document contains the oral and written statements of persons whose testimony was presented before a Congressional hearing on training lessons learned from recent military conflicts. Principal witness was Mark E. Gebicke, Director of Military Operations and Capabilities Issues, National Security and International Affairs Division, U.S. General…

  6. Military and the Media - What’s Next After Embedding?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-08

    Foundation, 1998). http://www.commongroundradio.org/ shows/98/9828.html Program 9828; Strobel: “ Margaret Thatcher had just completed a war in the...reports may have played a role in preventing the United States military from invading Haiti. The United States and Haitian national leadership were in...installations for Haiti that the Haitian military leadership agreed to permissive intervention by U.S. forces.16 Military Control of Media. Until the latter part

  7. Student Reports in Soviet Military Doctrine and Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-09-30

    Mikhaylov) Fundamentals of the Theory of Troop Douglas E. Walker 114 Control (P.K. Altukhov, et al.) Civil Defense Steven A. White 120 (P.T. Yegorov...broadening "their outlook on military theory and solving problems related to the training and education of their subordinates" (p. xi). At times a very...the CPSU and the Soviet Armed Forces, Marxist-Leninist Military Theory -- to the not so expected -- The Fundamentals of Military Psychology and

  8. Nationalities in the Soviet Military: A Problem for Perestroika.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-05-31

    government qency. NATIONALITIES IN THE SOVIET MILITARY: - -, A PROBLEM FOR PERESTROIKA? BY COLONEL DONALD D. DALZIEL, CANADIAN FORCES . A mSTT.UT1oW TATOEWT k...GOVT ACCESSION NO. I RECIPIENT’S CATALOG NUMBER 4. TITLE (and Suhtitle)- TYPE OF REPORT & PERIOD COVERED Nationalities in the Soviet Military: A...SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 11. KEY WORDS (Continue on reverse side if necessery end Identify by block number) Nationalities , Soviet Military 20. ABST-RACT

  9. Stability operations and the implications for military health services support.

    PubMed

    Bricknell, M C M; Hanhart, N

    2007-03-01

    This paper examines the implications of the new military campaign type--Stability Operations--on military health service support. The paper uses the format of the medical estimate process and shows how the health service support planning factors of Mission Analysis; Ground; Enemy forces; Friendly forces; Time and Space; Security; Casualty Estimate; Medical Command, Control, Communication, Computers and Information (C4I); Medical Capabilities; Medical Force Protection; Medical Logistics; and Medical CBRN are affected by this change. The paper also identifies two new roles for military medical services, assistance to security sector reform and assistance to reconstruction and development. These two new roles will be discussed more fully in later papers.

  10. [New approaches to assessment of military personnel health status].

    PubMed

    Sivashchenko, P P; Ivanov, V V; Grigor'ev, S G; Baranovskiĭ, A M

    2013-05-01

    For the first time were suggested some indices such as the index of ratio of one unit's (higher/highest formation) hospitalization, lost worktime, discharge and mortality to the primary morbidity for one military unit and the same index of ratio to the same criteria for the group of military unit. The mentioned peculiarities are intended for impartial and comprehensive estimation of Armed Forces of the Russian Federation military personnel health status and medical units (establishments) activity. These indices include as criteria of diseases prevalence, morbidity, hospitalization, discharge and mortality characteristics. Employment of the new tools provides the possibility of the military health care system analysis by means of such health status components as military labor character peculiarities of medical support, as well as medical service forces and resources availability in the Army, Navy and Air Force.

  11. The impact of the military mission in Afghanistan on mental health in the Canadian Armed Forces: a summary of research findings

    PubMed Central

    Zamorski, Mark A.; Boulos, David

    2014-01-01

    Background As Canada's mission in Afghanistan winds down, the Canadian Forces (CF) are reflecting on the psychological impact of the mission on more than 40,000 deployed personnel. Methods All major CF studies of mental health outcomes done before and during the Afghanistan era are summarized, with an eye toward getting the most complete picture of the mental health impact of the mission. Studies on traumatic brain injury (TBI), high-risk drinking, and suicidality are included given their conceptual link to mental health. Results CF studies on the mental health impact of pre-Afghanistan deployments are few, and they have inadequate detail on deployment experiences. Afghanistan era findings confirm service-related mental health problems (MHPs) in an important minority. The findings of the studies cohere, both as a group and in the context of data from our Allies. Combat exposure is the most important driver of deployment-related MHPs, but meaningful rates will be found in those in low-threat areas. Reserve service and cumulative effects of multiple deployments are not major risk factors in the CF. Many deployed personnel will seek care, but further efforts to decrease the delay are needed. Only a fraction of the overall burden of mental illness is likely deployment attributable. Deployment-related mental disorders do not translate into an overall increase in in-service suicidal behavior in the CF, but there is concerning evidence of increased suicide risk after release. TBI occurred in a distinct minority on this deployment, but severe forms were rare. Most TBI cases do not have persistent “post-concussive” symptoms; such symptoms are closely associated with MHPs. Conclusion The mental health impact of the mission in Afghanistan is commensurate with its difficult nature. While ongoing and planned studies will provide additional detail on its impacts, greater research attention is needed on preventive and therapeutic interventions. PMID:25206951

  12. PTSD among military personnel.

    PubMed

    Creamer, Mark; Wade, Darryl; Fletcher, Susan; Forbes, David

    2011-04-01

    Although symptoms characteristic of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been noted in military personnel for many centuries, it was not until 1980 that the disorder was formally recognized and became the focus of legitimate study. This paper reviews our current state of knowledge regarding the prevalence and course of this complex condition in past and present members of the defence forces. Although rates vary across conflicts and countries, there is no doubt that PTSD affects substantial numbers of personnel and results in considerable impairment in functioning and quality of life. The paper goes on to discuss recent attempts to build resilience and to promote adjustment following deployment, noting that there is little evidence at this stage upon which to draw firm conclusions. Finally, effective treatment for PTSD is reviewed, with particular reference to the challenges posed by this population in a treatment setting.

  13. Sleep in the Military

    PubMed Central

    Troxel, Wendy M.; Shih, Regina A.; Pedersen, Eric R.; Geyer, Lily; Fisher, Michael P.; Griffin, Beth Ann; Haas, Ann C.; Kurz, Jeremy; Steinberg, Paul S.

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Sleep disturbances are a common reaction to stress and are linked to a host of physical and mental health problems. Given the unprecedented demands placed on U.S. military forces since 2001, there has been growing concern about the prevalence and consequences of sleep problems for servicemembers. Sleep problems often follow a chronic course, persisting long after servicemembers return home from combat deployments, with consequences for their reintegration and the readiness and resiliency of the force. Therefore, it is critical to understand the role of sleep problems in servicemembers’ health and functioning and the policies and programs available to promote healthy sleep. This study provides the first comprehensive review of sleep-related policies and programs across the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), along with a set of actionable recommendations for DoD, commanders, researchers, and medical professionals who treat U.S. servicemembers. The two-year multimethod study also examined the rates and correlates of sleep problems among post-deployed servicemembers, finding negative effects on mental health, daytime impairment, and perceived operational readiness. The research reviewed evidence-based interventions to treat sleep disturbances among servicemembers and veterans and exposed several individual- and system-level barriers to achieving healthy sleep. Implementing evidence-based treatments is just one step toward improving sleep across the force; as the research recommendations highlight, it is equally important that policies and programs also focus on preventing sleep problems and their consequences. PMID:28083395

  14. Mathematical Models for Simulating Physiological Responses to Severe Military Stress: Renal Function Details,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    Stress(Physiology), *Mathematical models, *Response(Biology), Urinary system, Air force, Kidneys, Medical research, Military medicine, Blood pressure, Computerized simulation, Osmosis , Experimental data, Metabolism

  15. A Military Guide to Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-08-15

    Attack Threats to U.S. Forces.................................................. 4-13 General ...B Firearms ................................................................................................... B-1 General ...Appendix C Conventional Military Munitions .......................................................... C-1 General

  16. Theater Military Intelligence Brigade (TMIB) Mission Area Assessment Support

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    DAMO-FM Department of the Army Military Operations Force Management DOCEX Document Exploitation EEA Essential Elements of Analysis ECB Echelon...the spectrum of military operations would be determining factors, vice all 5 phases for echelon Corps and below ( ECB ) capabilities. 1.5.2. HQDA G-3

  17. 10 CFR 70.14 - Foreign military aircraft.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Foreign military aircraft. 70.14 Section 70.14 Energy....14 Foreign military aircraft. The regulations in this part do not apply to persons who carry special nuclear material (other than plutonium) in aircraft of the armed forces of foreign nations subject to 49...

  18. 10 CFR 70.14 - Foreign military aircraft.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Foreign military aircraft. 70.14 Section 70.14 Energy....14 Foreign military aircraft. The regulations in this part do not apply to persons who carry special nuclear material (other than plutonium) in aircraft of the armed forces of foreign nations subject to 49...

  19. Memetics--A Growth Industry in US Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection of...unclassified c. THIS PAGE unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 Table of Contents Disclaimer... form present a daunting challenge for most conventionally trained military forces. Tomorrow’s US military must approach warfighting with an

  20. 10 CFR 70.14 - Foreign military aircraft.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Foreign military aircraft. 70.14 Section 70.14 Energy....14 Foreign military aircraft. The regulations in this part do not apply to persons who carry special nuclear material (other than plutonium) in aircraft of the armed forces of foreign nations subject to 49 U...

  1. State Policymakers: Supporting Military Families with Children. Policy Briefing Series. Issue 15

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Melissa; Lettieri, Chelsea

    2008-01-01

    Managing work and family responsibilities is particularly difficult for military families with children. While military life has always been demanding, in recent years an increasing number of military personnel in both the Active Duty Force and Selected Reserves have had to confront the additional demands of parenthood. Providing resources to…

  2. 3 CFR 8816 - Proclamation 8816 of May 11, 2012. Military Spouse Appreciation Day, 2012

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... families play in keeping our Armed Forces strong and our country safe. Our military spouses are a vital... depends on the well-being of our military spouses and families, and my Administration remains committed to... investments in education and childcare for military families, increased the availability of...

  3. Joint Logistics: A Direct Approach to Effective U.S. Military Foreign Disaster Assistance

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-03

    large 5 variety of military forces and multinational and other government organizations ( OGAs ). 10 The JLE exists within this operational...decrease parallel efforts of the military, OGAs and NGOs. Fixing the inefficiencies in the military logistical system is the first step to providing a

  4. 32 CFR 631.15 - Air Force policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Air Force policy. 631.15 Section 631.15 National...-Installation Operations (Military Patrols and Investigative Activities) and Policy § 631.15 Air Force policy. (a) Airmen, military and/or Department of the Air Force Civilian (DAFC) police performing...

  5. 32 CFR 631.15 - Air Force policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Air Force policy. 631.15 Section 631.15 National...-Installation Operations (Military Patrols and Investigative Activities) and Policy § 631.15 Air Force policy. (a) Airmen, military and/or Department of the Air Force Civilian (DAFC) police performing...

  6. 32 CFR 631.15 - Air Force policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Air Force policy. 631.15 Section 631.15 National...-Installation Operations (Military Patrols and Investigative Activities) and Policy § 631.15 Air Force policy. (a) Airmen, military and/or Department of the Air Force Civilian (DAFC) police performing...

  7. 32 CFR 631.15 - Air Force policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Air Force policy. 631.15 Section 631.15 National...-Installation Operations (Military Patrols and Investigative Activities) and Policy § 631.15 Air Force policy. (a) Airmen, military and/or Department of the Air Force Civilian (DAFC) police performing...

  8. 32 CFR 631.15 - Air Force policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Air Force policy. 631.15 Section 631.15 National...-Installation Operations (Military Patrols and Investigative Activities) and Policy § 631.15 Air Force policy. (a) Airmen, military and/or Department of the Air Force Civilian (DAFC) police performing...

  9. Jet Fuel Exposure and Neurological Health in Military Personnel

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-07-01

    study to examine predicted dose - response relationships. The field study is being carried out with military (Air Force) personnel. Working groups have been convened and, currently, the Tier I phase is being planned.

  10. NASA’s Astro Camp for Military Children

    NASA Image and Video Library

    NASA uses its unique assets to help enrich the lives and education of military children. NASA Stennis Space Center partnered with Keesler Air Force Base to conduct a weeklong science and space camp...

  11. Malaria prevention and control in the United States military.

    PubMed

    Robert, L L

    2001-01-01

    Malaria continues to be a serious threat to deployed military forces in many areas of the World. United States experiences during, and lessons learned from, World War II, Viet Nam, and Somalia have significantly changed the way that military planners, medical and preventive medicine personnel are facing the malaria challenge. Currently, the US military has a powerful arsenal of educational courses and materials, personal protective measures, and malaria surveillance and control techniques in place to fight malaria. These new tools will hopefully reduce malaria morbidity and mortality during military deployments in the future.

  12. A review of cardiovascular risk factors in US military personnel.

    PubMed

    McGraw, Leigh K; Turner, Barbara S; Stotts, Nancy A; Dracup, Kathleen A

    2008-01-01

    As the civilian population exhibits increasing trends in major cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in younger age groups, the US military is observing similar trends. These worrisome developments are seen even in young adulthood. Despite the need for a fit, combat-ready force, increases in CV risk are increasingly evident in the military population. This review provides an overview of coronary artery disease in the young and the prevalence of risk factors in the military population. With increases in current military operations in an acutely stressful environment, the role of stress and the manifestation of CV disease are also examined.

  13. The Changing Face of Civil-Military Relations: An Examination in the Post 9/11 Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-01

    Ethics and Policy Development”, Journal of Military Ethics 5, no. 3 (2006), 162. 10 Walter A. McDougall, … the Heavens and the Earth: A Political...The Postmodern Military: Armed Forces after the Cold War that provided a sociological examination arguing that a new type of military, a post-modern...Hopkins University Press, 2001). 22 Charles C. Moskos, John Allen Williams, and David R. Segal, eds., The Postmodern Military: Armed Forces After the

  14. Military Preparedness

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-09-01

    are all the right capabilities on hand for X?” Even if all current capabilities are on hand and fully mission capable, this still may not be enough...then be reviewed separately as practiced in the current U.S. Department of Defense. B. Collins’ Nine Principles of Preparedness As preparedness is...U.S. planners, programmers, and budgeters fashion ready, sustainable armed forces, at reasonable costs ”4. As Collins wrote these shortly after the

  15. Military Suicide

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-05-01

    CDYA) programs. (S) Evaluate the appropriateness and, if appropriate, the Feasibility of operating a crisis hot line in all Army MTFs which maintain...Affairs), Washington, D.C., July 1985. 2. Deparatment of Health and Human Services, Helth Unitgd States. 1584, December 1S8’*. 3. Wood, Major Billy R...James E., Jr. "Suicide Prevention in the Air Force: A Training Guide For Crisis Intervention Service Volunteer Counselors". Unpublished Air Command

  16. Military nursing competencies.

    PubMed

    Ross, Mary Candice

    2010-06-01

    Competencies for military nurses are much broader in scope than their civilian counterparts. Not only must they be proficient at basic nursing skills, but they must also quickly master such military skills as protecting themselves and others during attack or threat of attack, caring for major trauma victims under austere conditions, and preparing such patients for transport through the military system of evacuation. This requires consistent and specialized training. This article describes the competencies necessary for practice by military nurses.

  17. 2015 Military Investigation and Justice Experience Survey (MIJES). Overview Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-03-16

    to case closure. This is the only formal assessment of this population across all military Services, including active duty and Reserve component...the active duty (Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force), the Reserve (Army Reserve , Navy Reserve , Marine Corps Reserve , and Air Force Reserve ... Reserve component members. The MIJES fielded in the last quarter of FY2015 in order to capture initial findings from those eligible military members

  18. Continuing Professional Education in the Military

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gleiman, Ashley; Zacharakis, Jeff

    2016-01-01

    The military relies on continuing professional education as a key component to the success of its organization. With decreasing budgets and increasing importance for a force that operates efficiently and thinks critically, the cognitive tension among training, education, and learning comes center stage.

  19. Military Medicine: One Profession Not Two

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-13

    CPG Clinical practice guideline FMR Fully medically ready FORSCOM United States Army Forces Command GMO General medical officer IAD Institutional...physicians served as general medical officers ( GMOs ) with a military unit after completing medical school and internship, but before residency...I gathered a negative perception of GMOs from senior medical physicians and mentors.6 The Army medical community placed different values on

  20. International Military Cooperation: From Concepts to Constructs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Orazio, Vito

    2013-01-01

    International cooperation on issues of security is a central concept in many theoretical debates in international relations. This dissertation is an attempt to lay the foundation for measuring military cooperation and understanding the forces brought forth through its expansion. The central notion is that the set of policies related to military…

  1. Role of the Military, Unit III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Terry

    This unit on the role of the military in Wyoming history provides activities which focus on the system of forts which began in 1849, Indian conflicts, World War II, and the Army and Air National Guard. Student activities include illustrating various battles, locating major Wyoming forts on a map, field trips to F.E. Warren Air Force Base and Fort…

  2. Meeting the Military’s Manpower Challenges

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-01

    percent. And the armed forces continued to discharge thousands of qualified service men and women on the basis of their sexual orientation , even... sexual orientation . Eighth, as recommended by the 10th Quadrennial Review of Military Compensation (QRMC), the Pentagon should take a broader

  3. Military Leadership in the 1990s

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-06-01

    Professir.al Soldier. 3 This book has become recognized as the best study of the United States military ever written. The influence of this monumental ...chances for flag rank. There is no such question in the Marine Coros and Air Force where service school selection and attendance is almost mandatory for

  4. USSR Report, Military Affairs, No. 1807.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-10-25

    of collectivism and comradeship, and irreconcilability toward a lack of spirituality, egoism , and relapses of consumer psychology find broad...moral code of the builder of communism, to speak out more often on questions of moral indoctrination and the military ethic , and, by the force of the

  5. Status Configurations, Military Service and Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Lin; Elder, Glen H., Jr.; Spence, Naomi J.

    2012-01-01

    The U.S. Armed Forces offer educational and training benefits as incentives for service. This study investigates the influence of status configurations on military enlistment and their link to greater educational opportunity. Three statuses (socioeconomic status of origin, cognitive ability and academic performance) have particular relevance for…

  6. International Military Cooperation: From Concepts to Constructs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Orazio, Vito

    2013-01-01

    International cooperation on issues of security is a central concept in many theoretical debates in international relations. This dissertation is an attempt to lay the foundation for measuring military cooperation and understanding the forces brought forth through its expansion. The central notion is that the set of policies related to military…

  7. Continuing Professional Education in the Military

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gleiman, Ashley; Zacharakis, Jeff

    2016-01-01

    The military relies on continuing professional education as a key component to the success of its organization. With decreasing budgets and increasing importance for a force that operates efficiently and thinks critically, the cognitive tension among training, education, and learning comes center stage.

  8. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military Affairs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-11-30

    23 Russian Leadership Meets with Military Deputies [ N . Burbyga, I. Demchenko; IZVESTIYA, 4 Nov 90...Oct 90] .......................................................... 27 ARMED FORCES Lt-Gen Just Petukhov on Servicemen’s Protection Decree [ N ...Colonels V. Galushkin, P. Shakhoval, V. Colonel. Koval, and A. Lobzenko, Major N . Goriglyad, Warrant Born 15 June 1948 in the village of Knyazevo

  9. Challenges in applying artificial intelligence methodologies to military operations

    SciTech Connect

    Arrowood, L.F.; Hilliard, M.R.; Hwang, H.L.; Emrich, M.L.

    1986-01-01

    Artificial intelligence methodologies are being applied to support decision making at all levels of military operations. Applications being studied include assessing force readiness, reliability and capability; planning complex missions; and integrating data from multiple sources. Unclassified research is addressing the considerable challenges presented by supporting such decision making in time-sensitive environments. We examine current efforts to utilize artificial intelligence in the military, discuss difficulties which need to be resolved before intelligent systems can become fully operational, and identify potential applications of artificial intelligence for the Military Airlift Command of the US Air Force.

  10. An Analysis of Military Family Housing Energy Consumption.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-09-01

    ftG? 129 AN ANAYSIS OF MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING ENEM / CONSUMPTION(U) AIR FORCE INST OF TECH MRIOHT-PATTERSON RFI OH SCHOOL OF SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS...111110 W, IM 111 1- L 4.0 1 2.0- L..25 0 ricFILE CMP voww 00 AN ANALYSIS OF MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING ENERGY CONSUMPTION THESIS/ William L. Jones Captain...University, the United States Air Force, or the Department of Defense. . AFITiGEM/DEM/87S-12 .’ AN ANALYSIS OF MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING ENERGY CONSUMPTION

  11. Joining Forces for Military Mental Health Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Sen. Reed, Jack [D-RI

    2011-08-01

    08/01/2011 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Armed Services. (text of measure as introduced: CR S5194-5195) (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  12. OAS and the Use of Military Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1966-04-08

    regional agencies was stated by United States Representative Adlai E. Stevenson on 22 May 1965 during the Security Council debate on the situation in...guarantee the safety of American and foreign nationals and to preserve law and order. Why did not the United States consult the Organization of American

  13. Military Manpower Training Report for FY 1990.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-03-01

    and training capacities to complement force plans as of the date of this year’s MOTR data submission. Fundinp for Individual Training Funds required to... planning considerations for Reserve Component personnel are es- I sentially similar to those for the active force; detailed phasing of this training is...recognized and exploited in planning officer procurement. The Service Academies present a long lead-time program that produces highly trained career military

  14. [The reform of military medical education and the tasks of the Military Medical Academy in improving personnel training].

    PubMed

    Shevchenko, Iu L

    1994-08-01

    The Military Medical Academy is a military educational institution which carries out the primary profile training of physicians for the Armed Services and all types of post-graduation training and advanced training of the scientific-pedagogical and medical specialists. Internship as a first stage of the post-graduation training is intended to improve practical medical training of the graduates of the Russian Military Medical Academy and other medico-military educational institutions by means of their primary specialization in one of the clinical or profile branches of medicine. The reforming of the post-graduation training rest system in the Military Medical Academy aims at its further development and putting specialists' training system into accordance with the Armed Forces reorganizations. This will make it possible to ensure high professional qualification of military doctors at the level of national and international standards.

  15. Military psychiatry in India

    PubMed Central

    Prabhu, H. R. A.

    2010-01-01

    Military personnel, because of the unique nature of their duties and services, are likely to be under stress which at times has no parallel in civilian life. The stress of combat and service in extreme weather conditions often act as major stressors. The modern practices in military psychiatry had their beginning during the two World Wars, more particularly, the IInd World War. The GHPU concept had the beginning in India with military hospitals having such establishments in the care of their clientele. As the nation gained independence, many of the military psychiatrists shifted to the civil stream and contributed immensely in the development of modern psychiatry in India. In the recent years military psychiatry has been given the status of a subspecialty chapter and the military psychiatrists have been regularly organizing CMEs and training programs for their members to prepare them to function in the special role of military psychiatrists. PMID:21836702

  16. How Can the U.S. Military Avoid Another 9/15?: An Analysis of the Inability of U.S. Military Leaders to Provide an Adequate Strategy for Responding to the 9/11 Attacks

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    part of U.S. military forces. It is only intended to facilitate a trend analysis of the requirement for the deployment of U.S. military forces...it is only intended to facilitate a trend analysis of the requirement for the deployment of U.S. military forces, between 1947 and 2001, and does...reflect a significant trend in the history of these operations. Additionally, the coding employed of the adversaries’ strategy in each event listed

  17. National surveys of military personnel, nursing students, and the public: drivers of military nursing careers.

    PubMed

    Donelan, Karen; Romano, Carol; DesRoches, Catherine; Applebaum, Sandra; Ward, Johanna Rm; Schoneboom, Bruce A; Hinshaw, Ada Sue

    2014-05-01

    The U.S. health care system is facing a projected nursing shortage of unprecedented magnitude. Although military nursing services recently have been able to meet their nursing recruitment quotas, national studies have predicted a long-term nursing shortage that may affect future recruitment for the Nurse Corps of the three military services. Data are needed to plan for recruitment incentives and the impact of those incentives on targeted populations of likely future nurses. Data are drawn from three online surveys conducted in 2011-2012, including surveys of 1,302 Army, Navy, and Air Force personnel serving on major military bases, 914 nursing students at colleges with entry Bachelor of Science in Nursing programs located nearby major military bases, and a qualitative survey of 1,200 young adults, age 18-39, in the general public. The three populations are different in several demographic characteristics. We explored perceptions of military careers, nursing careers and barriers, and incentives to pursue military nursing careers in all populations. Perceptions differ among the groups. The results of this study may help to inform strategies for reaching out to specific populations with targeted messages that focus on barriers and facilitators relevant to each to successfully recruit a diverse Nurse Corps for the future. Reprint & Copyright © 2014 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  18. 26 CFR 1.112-1 - Combat zone compensation of members of the Armed Forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... (and members of the Armed Forces are described) in section 7701(a)(15). (4) Military compensation only... States or by an international organization to a member of the Armed Forces whose military active duty... supplement the member's military compensation or is labeled by the employer as compensation for...

  19. 26 CFR 1.112-1 - Combat zone compensation of members of the Armed Forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... (and members of the Armed Forces are described) in section 7701(a)(15). (4) Military compensation only... States or by an international organization to a member of the Armed Forces whose military active duty... supplement the member's military compensation or is labeled by the employer as compensation for...

  20. 26 CFR 1.112-1 - Combat zone compensation of members of the Armed Forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... (and members of the Armed Forces are described) in section 7701(a)(15). (4) Military compensation only... States or by an international organization to a member of the Armed Forces whose military active duty... supplement the member's military compensation or is labeled by the employer as compensation for...