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Sample records for minkwan won joonhong

  1. [Medical education in Je Joon Won].

    PubMed

    Park, H W; Park, Y J; Yeo, I S; Kim, I S

    1999-01-01

    Medical education in Je Joong Won was proposed and initiated by Dr. HN Allen. In his proposal of building a new hospital, submitted to the king in 1885, he expressed his wish to teach Western medicine to young Koreans at the hospital. The king welcomed his proposal and the plan was soon realized. Je Joon Won, the first modern hospital in Korea, opened on April 10th, 1885. The following year, on March 29th, Dr. Allen began medical school attached to the hospital. Many applicants were recruited by the government and 16 students were selected through the entrance examination. At first, they were taught English and finally 12 students out of them were selected after three months of teaching. The selected students were taught arithmetic, physics, chemistry, anatomy and physiology. The medical education at this period cannot be evaluated entirely successful since none of the 12 students was presumed to have worked as a practitioner.

  2. Marathon Runs Won't Harm Your Arteries

    MedlinePlus

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_166393.html Marathon Runs Won't Harm Your Arteries Age, not ... average of 11 long races, such as half marathons, marathons and ultramarathons. They ran 36 miles weekly ...

  3. An 'Active' Workstation Won't Lower Your Job Performance

    MedlinePlus

    ... Active' Workstation Won't Lower Your Job Performance Study found using treadmills, bikes or ellipticals while on the job didn't impair thinking skills To use the sharing features on this page, ...

  4. Climate science, character, and the "hard-won" consensus.

    PubMed

    Ranalli, Brent

    2012-06-01

    What makes a consensus among scientists credible and convincing? This paper introduces the notion of a "hard-won" consensus and uses examples from recent debates over climate change science to show that this heuristic standard for evaluating the quality of a consensus is widely shared. The extent to which a consensus is "hard won" can be understood to depend on the personal qualities of the participating experts; the article demonstrates the continuing utility of the norms of modern science introduced by Robert K. Merton by showing that individuals on both sides of the climate science debate rely intuitively on Mertonian ideas--interpreted in terms of character--to frame their arguments.

  5. Questions That Won't Go Away in Participatory Research

    Treesearch

    Jonathan W. Long; Heidi L. Ballard; Larry A. Fisher; Jill M. Belsky

    2016-01-01

    Ethical issues are intrinsic to conducting research regarding society and natural resources, but they often become poignant when engaging in Participatory Action Research. We compiled common and persistent challenges into a list of "Questions That Won't Go Away" or "QTWGAs" that are relevant to people interested in conducting participatory...

  6. College Students Discount Money "Won" More than Money "Owed"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weatherly, Jeffrey N.; Derenne, Adam; Terrell, Heather K.

    2010-01-01

    Evidence in the research literature indicates people may treat "won" money differently than they would their own money. The present study had a sample of 648 college students complete a delay-discounting task that involved the hypothetical monetary amounts of $1,000 or $100,000. Participants were asked repeatedly what amount they would…

  7. College Students Discount Money "Won" More than Money "Owed"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weatherly, Jeffrey N.; Derenne, Adam; Terrell, Heather K.

    2010-01-01

    Evidence in the research literature indicates people may treat "won" money differently than they would their own money. The present study had a sample of 648 college students complete a delay-discounting task that involved the hypothetical monetary amounts of $1,000 or $100,000. Participants were asked repeatedly what amount they would…

  8. More Booze Won't Beat Back That Hangover

    MedlinePlus

    ... gov/news/fullstory_163781.html More Booze Won't Beat Back That Hangover Drinking coffee doesn't ease the agony either, substance abuse expert adds ... to believe, a hair of the dog isn't the best remedy after a night of heavy ...

  9. Vitamin E, Selenium Supplements Won't Curb Men's Dementia Risk

    MedlinePlus

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_164174.html Vitamin E, Selenium Supplements Won't Curb Men's Dementia ... 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A daily dose of vitamin E or selenium supplements won't keep dementia ...

  10. 47 CFR 90.811 - Reduced down payment for licenses won by small businesses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Competitive Bidding Procedures for 900 MHz Specialized Mobile Radio Service § 90.811 Reduced down payment for licenses won by small businesses. Each... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reduced down payment for licenses won by...

  11. 47 CFR 90.811 - Reduced down payment for licenses won by small businesses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Reduced down payment for licenses won by small... Specialized Mobile Radio Service § 90.811 Reduced down payment for licenses won by small businesses. Each winning bidder that qualifies as a small business shall make a down payment equal to ten percent of...

  12. 47 CFR 90.811 - Reduced down payment for licenses won by small businesses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Reduced down payment for licenses won by small... Specialized Mobile Radio Service § 90.811 Reduced down payment for licenses won by small businesses. Each winning bidder that qualifies as a small business shall make a down payment equal to ten percent of...

  13. 47 CFR 90.811 - Reduced down payment for licenses won by small businesses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reduced down payment for licenses won by small... Specialized Mobile Radio Service § 90.811 Reduced down payment for licenses won by small businesses. Each winning bidder that qualifies as a small business shall make a down payment equal to ten percent of...

  14. 47 CFR 90.811 - Reduced down payment for licenses won by small businesses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Reduced down payment for licenses won by small... Specialized Mobile Radio Service § 90.811 Reduced down payment for licenses won by small businesses. Each winning bidder that qualifies as a small business shall make a down payment equal to ten percent of...

  15. How the web was won … by some.

    PubMed

    Tattersall, Andy

    2011-09-01

    HILJ readers may have encountered the phrase library 2.0 which has polarised librarians, with some sceptical whether library 2.0 offers anything new. Others are confident that the convergence of service goals and ideas with emerging Web 2.0 technologies will lead to a new generation of library services. Andrew Tattersall's article, 'How the Web was Won', belongs in the latter camp. His thesis is that Web 2.0 and Library 2.0 have opened up a whole new world for exploration by information and library professionals. Although the Web has created problems for the modern day explorer, potentially there is a bright future for information professionals if they are to succeed in deploying the resources. © 2011 The authors. Health Information and Libraries Journal © 2011 Health Libraries Group.

  16. Ultrasound Won't Help Broken Bones Heal, Expert Panel Says

    MedlinePlus

    ... fullstory_163763.html Ultrasound Won't Help Broken Bones Heal, Expert Panel Says Detailed review suggests it's ... LIPUS) -- to help speed the healing of broken bones. But an international panel of experts now says ...

  17. Probabilistic Discounting of Hypothetical Monetary Gains: University Students Differ in How They Discount "Won" and "Owed" Money

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weatherly, Jeffrey N.; Derenne, Adam

    2013-01-01

    The present study tested whether participants would discount "won" money differently than they would "owed" money in a probability-discounting task. Participants discounted $1000 or $100,000 that they had won in a sweepstakes or that was owed to them using the multiple-choice (Experiment 1) or fill-in-the-blank (Experiment 2) method of collecting…

  18. Probabilistic Discounting of Hypothetical Monetary Gains: University Students Differ in How They Discount "Won" and "Owed" Money

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weatherly, Jeffrey N.; Derenne, Adam

    2013-01-01

    The present study tested whether participants would discount "won" money differently than they would "owed" money in a probability-discounting task. Participants discounted $1000 or $100,000 that they had won in a sweepstakes or that was owed to them using the multiple-choice (Experiment 1) or fill-in-the-blank (Experiment 2) method of collecting…

  19. The "Hollywoodization" of Education Reform in "Won't Back Down"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goering, Christian Z.; Witte, Shelbie; Jennings Davis, Jennifer; Ward, Peggy; Flammang, Brandon; Gerhardson, Ashley

    2015-01-01

    What happens when forces attempting to privatize education create and produce a Hollywood film with an education reform plot line? This essay explores "Won't Back Down" through cultural studies and progressive education lenses in an effort to unveil misrepresentations of education and education reform. Drawing on scholarship in these…

  20. The "Hollywoodization" of Education Reform in "Won't Back Down"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goering, Christian Z.; Witte, Shelbie; Jennings Davis, Jennifer; Ward, Peggy; Flammang, Brandon; Gerhardson, Ashley

    2015-01-01

    What happens when forces attempting to privatize education create and produce a Hollywood film with an education reform plot line? This essay explores "Won't Back Down" through cultural studies and progressive education lenses in an effort to unveil misrepresentations of education and education reform. Drawing on scholarship in these…

  1. Online Educators Won't Be Forced to Spy on Students, New Rules Say

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parry, Marc

    2009-01-01

    Distance educators won't have to become FBI-style investigators, installing cameras in the homes of online students and scanning fingerprints to ensure that people are who they say they are. At least not yet. The recently reauthorized Higher Education Opportunity Act requires accreditors to monitor steps colleges take to verify that an enrolled…

  2. Online Educators Won't Be Forced to Spy on Students, New Rules Say

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parry, Marc

    2009-01-01

    Distance educators won't have to become FBI-style investigators, installing cameras in the homes of online students and scanning fingerprints to ensure that people are who they say they are. At least not yet. The recently reauthorized Higher Education Opportunity Act requires accreditors to monitor steps colleges take to verify that an enrolled…

  3. Training vs. Education in Forming Won Buddhist "Kyomus" in the USA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Bokin

    2006-01-01

    An historically familiar tension in East Asian Buddhism between meditation and cultivation in broad learning has appeared in discussions and planning for preparing ministerial students in Won Buddhism. This paper reviews the history of preparation in this order, which was founded in 1916. While the alternatives of training based on practice and…

  4. Training vs. Education in Forming Won Buddhist "Kyomus" in the USA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Bokin

    2006-01-01

    An historically familiar tension in East Asian Buddhism between meditation and cultivation in broad learning has appeared in discussions and planning for preparing ministerial students in Won Buddhism. This paper reviews the history of preparation in this order, which was founded in 1916. While the alternatives of training based on practice and…

  5. Effects of Wonli Acupuncture Procedure in Patients with LSS: A Clinical, Retrospective Study

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Geon-Mok; Lee, Eun-Yong; Han, Jong-Hyun; Cho, Kyong-Ha; Kang, Se-Rin; Yoon, Sang-Hoon

    2014-01-01

    Background. Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a disease with increasing prevalence due to prolongation of average life span. Despite various treatment methods, many limitations remain unsolved. Objective. We are reporting cases of patients who have been treated with Wonli Acupuncture, a method of treating LSS by directly approaching the intervertebral foramen and interlaminar space with acupuncture needles different from those used in original acupuncture. Methods. A total of 82 patients with LSS were treated with Wonli Acupuncture, and out of those, 47 patients without exclusion criteria were selected for the following research. We compared the pretreatment VAS and ODI scores based on 1-year follow-up measurements. Results. The ODI value dropped by 15.3 ± 24.8 on average (from 35.2 ± 19.9 at the baseline to 19.8 ± 20.6 at the reading) (P < 0.01) and the average VAS also dropped by 19.2 ± 37.2 (from 60.7 ± 23.1 at baseline to 41.5 ± 31.9 at the reading) (P < 0.01). Conclusions. Wonli Acupuncture was found to have clinical efficacy for lumbar spinal stenosis. PMID:25045387

  6. Mechanical and optical characterization of tungsten oxynitride (W-O-N) nano-coatings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nunez, Oscar Roberto

    Aation and cation doping of transition metal oxides has recently gained attention as a viable option to design materials for application in solar energy conversion, photo-catalysis, transparent electrodes, photo-electrochemical cells, electrochromics and flat panel displays in optoelectronics. Specifically, nitrogen doped tungsten oxide (WO3) has gained much attention for its ability to facilitate optical property tuning while also demonstrating enhanced photo-catalytic and photochemical properties. The effect of nitrogen chemistry and mechanics on the optical and mechanical properties of tungsten oxynitride (W-O-N) nano-coatings is studied in detail in this work. The W-O-N coatings were deposited by direct current (DC) sputtering to a thickness of ˜100 nm and the structural, compositional, optical and mechanical properties were characterized in order to gain a deeper understanding of the effects of nitrogen incorporation and chemical composition. All the W-O-N coatings fabricated under variable nitrogen gas flow rate were amorphous. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS) measurements revealed that nitrogen incorporation is effective only for a nitrogen gas flow rates ?9 sccm. Optical characterization using ultraviolet-visible-near infrared (UV-VIS-NIR) spectroscopy and spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE) indicate that the nitrogen incorporation induced effects on the optical parameters is significant. The band gap (Eg) values decreased from ˜2.99 eV to ˜1.89 eV indicating a transition from insulating WO3 to metallic-like W-N phase. Nano-mechanical characterization using indentation revealed a corresponding change in mechanical properties; maximum values of 4.46 GPa and 98.5 GPa were noted for hardness and Young?s modulus, respectively. The results demonstrate a clear relationship between the mechanical, physical and optical properties of amorphous W-O-N nano-coatings. The correlation presented in this thesis could

  7. Professor Jin Yuan in ZOC Won the "Grand Challenge 2015 Young Scientist" Award.

    PubMed

    Seliman, Helen X

    2015-12-01

    Professor Yuan Jin from Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center (ZOC) affiliated with Sun Yat-sen University has recently won the "Grand Challenge 2015 Young Scientist" award in "2015 Innovation Challenge Annual Meeting" held in Beijing. The meeting is organized by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People Republic of China (MOST), the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation in the United States and the US Agency for International Development. The journal Eye Science (ES) is the official publication of ZOC, sponsored by Sun Yat-sen University.

  8. Going beyond Won-Loss Record to Identify Competent Coaches: Development of the Coaching Success Questionnaire-2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillham, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01

    Coaching success is often defined in terms of won-loss records. However, the effort to operationalize more comprehensive strategies for examining coaching success, particularly the development of self-report measures, dates back three decades (e.g., Smith, Smoll, & Curtis, 1979). This project for developing the Coaching Success Questionnaire-2…

  9. Going beyond Won-Loss Record to Identify Competent Coaches: Development of the Coaching Success Questionnaire-2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillham, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01

    Coaching success is often defined in terms of won-loss records. However, the effort to operationalize more comprehensive strategies for examining coaching success, particularly the development of self-report measures, dates back three decades (e.g., Smith, Smoll, & Curtis, 1979). This project for developing the Coaching Success Questionnaire-2…

  10. Abortion: the legal right has been won, but not the moral right.

    PubMed

    Løkeland, Mette

    2004-11-01

    In 1978 the abortion law was liberalised in Norway. It permits abortion on request up to 12 weeks of pregnancy, and after that with the agreement of a medical commission, taking the woman's own views into consideration. In 2003, 96% of abortions took place before 12 weeks of pregnancy. There is considerable support among the population for the current law, and the right to abortion does not seem to be under threat, yet opponents of abortion attack the law frequently. Debates on recent biotechnology laws and difficulties introducing the abortion pill, on the spurious grounds that it would make abortion too easy, imply continuing moral qualms about abortion. While abortion among young, unmarried women is more accepted, many married women feel they have to justify their decision. Women are expected to feel sorrow, shame and guilt because of their sexual conduct for many reasons, but especially if the result is an unwanted pregnancy. It is easier to protect the law when there is recognition of the moral right to choose abortion. The legal battle has been won, but winning the moral battle is important in Norway now. I believe that until having an abortion is considered as acceptable morally as using contraception, women will not have gained their full reproductive rights.

  11. [Fournier's gangrene, a battle won. Traditional cures versus a polyhexanide solution].

    PubMed

    Rodríguez Cancio, M Concepción; Verdú Moresco, Aránzazu; Lorente Fernández, Gemma

    2008-11-01

    This article won the top place in the Third Prontosan Scientific Prize in 2008. Fournier's Gangrene is a rare process having an unknown origin which affects soft tissue in the genital and perirectal area. The authors describe the case of a 61 year old patient suffering from this disease, the recommended treatment by the Nurses' Consulting Office for Bed Sores, or Decubitus Ulcers, and Chronic Skin Ulcerations, and the patient's evolution. The medical team carried out a complete evaluation of this patient and his/her injury and took a sample to make a surface culture from. After this initial evaluation, the medical team's first recommendation was to apply treatment consisting of using polyhexanide combined with a calcic alginate dressing to control oozing; the objective of this treatment is to clean and decontaminate the wound and to provide the optimum conditions for a correct cicatrisation process in the least time possible. After 58 days undergoing treatment, the affected area did not show any sign nor symptom of infection and was practically finished with the cicatrisation process. The use of polyhexanide, in this case, proved to be the ideal therapeutic option to clean, decontaminate and maintain the conditions optimum for a correct cicatrisation of this wound.

  12. General Washington and the patriot soldiers. They won a war with little food. A Bicentennial study.

    PubMed

    Manchester KE Col

    1976-05-01

    The troops in the first action of the American Revolution in Massachusetts were well provisioned through the efforts of Joseph Trumbull of Connecticut, whom the Second Continental Congress appointed Commissary General, at General Washingtion's request. The ration, as ordered, would have provided-by today's standards-more calories, twice as much protein, and adequate minerals and vitamins, except possible vitamin A and ascorbic acid. Unfortunately, all items in the ration were seldom available to the soldiers. Each man was issued his ration and was responsible for cooking it. Trumbull held his post for two years, with little support from the Congress and no departmental organization. When the Army moved to New York, difficulties in provisioning the troops on the march began-and continued until 1781. Following the retreat to Morristown, New Jersey, in 1776, flour and beef, but little else, were available during the winter and into the following summer. Washington pleaded with the Congress for help with food supplies, but to no avail. Finally, Trumbull resigned. Thereafter, followed a series of four reorganizations of the commissariat by the Congress-each disastrously conceived-which brought no relief to the ill-fed soldiers, whose physical condition progressively worsened. Finally, a fifth reorganization in 1781 put into operation a contract plan of procuring food; no longer was it necessary for Washington to order impressment of food from farmers or for the troops to live off the land. The Continental Army "starved, not because the country could not furnish the food, but becasue the people were unwilling to endure taxation and Congress did not understand the importance of administrative centralization; ...the greater part of the hardships" were avoidable. Yes, General Washington and the patriot soldiers won the war with little food.

  13. Why won't it Stick? Positive Psychology and Positive Education.

    PubMed

    White, Mathew A

    Following the launch of the positive psychology movement teachers and educators emerged as early adopters of this fledgling science. This approach was called positive education. It describes scientifically validated programs from positive psychology, taught in schools, that have an impact on student well-being. The growing body of evidence about the reach of positive psychology has formed a convincing case to consider well-being an operational goal for educational systems. It is argued that this goal is pivotal and should be pursued in the same way in which we develop strategies to harness academic growth, school retention rates, and student engagement. National education policies can have widespread influence at the grassroots level on school improvement, good quality of classroom teaching and learning, student performance, creating confident and creative individuals and active and informed citizens, but not necessarily on the preventative skills for lifelong well-being. In this article I take stock on the positive education movement. Three approaches to positive education are identified and eight hurdles to the field are noted as reasons why positive education won't stick in policy. Then, I reflect on two case studies: a Well-being Summit and Round Table held at Wellington College and No. 10 Downing Street and Dr. Martin Seligman's role as Adelaide's Thinker in Residence as examples of grass-roots initiatives in well-being. Finally, six strategies are suggested for researchers and practitioners to grow the field. Last, I argued that until research centers focus on the development of common definitions of the key terms underpinning positive psychology, positive education and well-being the impact of the movement will be limited to a handful of institutions as models of best practice.

  14. [The early medical textbooks in Korea: medical textbooks published at Je Joong Won-Severance Hospital Medical School].

    PubMed

    Park, H W

    1998-01-01

    Kwang Hye Won(Je Joong Won), the first western hospital in Korea, was founded in 1885. The first western Medical School in Korea was open in 1886 under the hospital management. Dr. O. R. Avison, who came to Korea in 1893, resumed the medical education there, which was interrupted for some time before his arrival in Korea. He inaugurated translating and publishing medical textbooks with the help of Kim Pil Soon who later became one of the first seven graduates in Severance Hospital Medical School. The first western medical textbook translated into Korean was Henry Gray's Anatomy. However, these twice-translated manuscripts were never to be published on account of being lost and burnt down. The existing early anatomy textbooks, the editions of 1906 and 1909, are not the translation of Gray's Anatomy, but that of Japanese anatomy textbook of Gonda. The remaining oldest medical textbook in Korean is Inorganic Materia Medica published in 1905. This book is unique among its kind that O. R. Avison is the only translator of the book and it contains the prefaces of O. R. Avison and Kim Pil Soon. The publication of medical textbook was animated by the participation of other medical students, such as Hong Suk Hoo and Hong Jong Eun. The list of medical textbooks published includes almost all the field of medicine. The medical textbooks in actual existence are as follows: Inorganic Materia Medica (1905), Inorganic Chemistry (1906), Anatomy I (1906), Physiology (1906), Diagnostics I (1906), Diagnostics II (1907), Obstetrics (1908), Organic Chemistry (1909), Anatomy (1909), and Surgery (1910).

  15. Synthesis of WOn -WX2 (n=2.7, 2.9; X=S, Se) Heterostructures for Highly Efficient Green Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes.

    PubMed

    Han, Shikui; Yang, Xuyong; Zhu, Yihan; Tan, Chaoliang; Zhang, Xiao; Chen, Junze; Huang, Ying; Chen, Bo; Luo, Zhimin; Ma, Qinglang; Sindoro, Melinda; Zhang, Hao; Qi, Xiaoying; Li, Hai; Huang, Xiao; Huang, Wei; Sun, Xiao Wei; Han, Yu; Zhang, Hua

    2017-08-21

    Preparation of two-dimensional (2D) heterostructures is important not only fundamentally, but also technologically for applications in electronics and optoelectronics. Herein, we report a facile colloidal method for the synthesis of WOn -WX2 (n=2.7, 2.9; X=S, Se) heterostructures by sulfurization or selenization of WOn nanomaterials. The WOn -WX2 heterostructures are composed of WO2.9 nanoparticles (NPs) or WO2.7 nanowires (NWs) grown together with single- or few-layer WX2 nanosheets (NSs). As a proof-of-concept application, the WOn -WX2 heterostructures are used as the anode interfacial buffer layer for green quantum dot light-emitting diodes (QLEDs). The QLED prepared with WO2.9 NP-WSe2 NS heterostructures achieves external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 8.53 %. To our knowledge, this is the highest efficiency in the reported green QLEDs using inorganic materials as the hole injection layer. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  16. Career profile of the Canadian Standardbred. II. Influence of age, gait and sex upon number of races, money won and race times.

    PubMed

    Physick-Sheard, P W

    1986-10-01

    The objective of the study was to examine the career profile of the average racehorse in order to establish normal values for performance. Records of race performance for a population of 762 horses randomly-selected from the 1972 registrations of the Canadian Standardbred Horse Society were summarized to provide annual statistics for number of races, money won, and times for the mile (race times) over the period 1974 to 1983 inclusive. Results were analyzed to determine the influence of sex, gait, age, and year of the first race. The transformation log (1 + X) was used to achieve normality where necessary. The 95% confidence interval for the mean (mean range) for career total for number of races was 21.8 to 69.6. Of the horses which raced, 30% raced 20 or fewer times, 29% raced more than 100 times. Females raced significantly less often than either males or geldings (p less than 0.001), pacers significantly more often than trotters (p less than 0.01). Regardless of the age at which they first competed all horses were raced lightly in their first race year. Mean range for career total for money won was $2,212 to $2,798 (n = 507). Of 507 horses which raced, 65.8% earned less than $10,000, 6.3% more than $50,000. Trotting geldings had the highest mean money won, mean range $2,448 to $38,105. Mean range for money won per race for all horses racing was $67.77 to $74.51. Overall, 58% of horses earned less than $100 per race, 4.5% over $500. Only 4.5% of horses racing met their immediate training expenses. Increase in age at first race was associated with highly significant and progressive reductions in career races, money won, and money won per race. Of 507 horses which raced, 409 or 80% won at least one race and thus acquired an official winning time or mark. Population mean for career mark was 2.126 min (2.07.3.). Population trend in mean mark was for progressive improvement over the ten year racing period amounting to 0.0968 min or 5.81 s. The average horse achieved

  17. The Molybdenum(V) and Tungsten(VI) Oxoazides [MoO(N3 )3 ], [MoO(N3 )3 ⋅2 CH3 CN], [(bipy)MoO(N3 )3 ], [MoO(N3 )5 ](2-) , [WO(N3 )4 ], and [WO(N3 )4 ⋅CH3 CN].

    PubMed

    Haiges, Ralf; Skotnitzki, Juri; Fang, Zongtang; Dixon, David A; Christe, Karl O

    2015-12-14

    A series of novel molybdenum(V) and tungsten(VI) oxoazides was prepared starting from [MOF4 ] (M=Mo, W) and Me3 SiN3 . While [WO(N3 )4 ] was formed through fluoride-azide exchange in the reaction of Me3 SiN3 with WOF4 in SO2 solution, the reaction with MoOF4 resulted in a reduction of Mo(VI) to Mo(V) and formation of [MoO(N3 )3 ]. Carried out in acetonitrile solution, these reactions resulted in the isolation of the corresponding adducts [MoO(N3 )3 ⋅2 CH3 CN] and [WO(N3 )4 ⋅CH3 CN]. Subsequent reactions of [MoO(N3 )3 ] with 2,2'-bipyridine and [PPh4 ][N3 ] resulted in the formation and isolation of [(bipy)MoO(N3 )3 ] and [PPh4 ]2 [MoO(N3 )5 ], respectively. Most molybdenum(V) and tungsten(VI) oxoazides were fully characterized by their vibrational spectra, impact, friction and thermal sensitivity data and, in the case of [WO(N3 )4 ⋅CH3 CN], [(bipy)MoO(N3 )3 ], and [PPh4 ]2 [MoO(N3 )5 ], by their X-ray crystal structures. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  18. Nothing a hot bath won't cure: infection rates of amphibian chytrid fungus correlate negatively with water temperature under natural field settings.

    PubMed

    Forrest, Matthew J; Schlaepfer, Martin A

    2011-01-01

    Dramatic declines and extinctions of amphibian populations throughout the world have been associated with chytridiomycosis, an infectious disease caused by the pathogenic chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). Previous studies indicated that Bd prevalence correlates with cooler temperatures in the field, and laboratory experiments have demonstrated that Bd ceases growth at temperatures above 28°C. Here we investigate how small-scale variations in water temperature correlate with Bd prevalence in the wild. We sampled 221 amphibians, including 201 lowland leopard frogs (Rana [Lithobates] yavapaiensis), from 12 sites in Arizona, USA, and tested them for Bd. Amphibians were encountered in microhabitats that exhibited a wide range of water temperatures (10-50°C), including several geothermal water sources. There was a strong inverse correlation between the water temperature in which lowland leopard frogs were captured and Bd prevalence, even after taking into account the influence of year, season, and host size. In locations where Bd was known to be present, the prevalence of Bd infections dropped from 75-100% in water <15°C, to less than 10% in water >30°C. A strong inverse correlation between Bd infection status and water temperature was also observed within sites. Our findings suggest that microhabitats where water temperatures exceed 30°C provide lowland leopard frogs with significant protection from Bd, which could have important implications for disease dynamics, as well as management applications.There must be quite a few things a hot bath won't cure, but I don't know many of them--Sylvia Plath, "The Bell Jar" (1963).

  19. Nothing a Hot Bath Won't Cure: Infection Rates of Amphibian Chytrid Fungus Correlate Negatively with Water Temperature under Natural Field Settings

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Dramatic declines and extinctions of amphibian populations throughout the world have been associated with chytridiomycosis, an infectious disease caused by the pathogenic chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). Previous studies indicated that Bd prevalence correlates with cooler temperatures in the field, and laboratory experiments have demonstrated that Bd ceases growth at temperatures above 28°C. Here we investigate how small-scale variations in water temperature correlate with Bd prevalence in the wild. We sampled 221 amphibians, including 201 lowland leopard frogs (Rana [Lithobates] yavapaiensis), from 12 sites in Arizona, USA, and tested them for Bd. Amphibians were encountered in microhabitats that exhibited a wide range of water temperatures (10–50°C), including several geothermal water sources. There was a strong inverse correlation between the water temperature in which lowland leopard frogs were captured and Bd prevalence, even after taking into account the influence of year, season, and host size. In locations where Bd was known to be present, the prevalence of Bd infections dropped from 75–100% in water <15°C, to less than 10% in water >30°C. A strong inverse correlation between Bd infection status and water temperature was also observed within sites. Our findings suggest that microhabitats where water temperatures exceed 30°C provide lowland leopard frogs with significant protection from Bd, which could have important implications for disease dynamics, as well as management applications. There must be quite a few things a hot bath won't cure, but I don't know many of them - Sylvia Plath, “The Bell Jar” (1963). PMID:22205950

  20. What won't Turnstones eat?

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Gill, Robert E.

    1986-01-01

    The Turnstone Arenaria interpres probably has one of the most varied diets of any wader species. Besides the 'normal' foods taken (see, e.g., Prater 1972, Nettleship 1973, Jones 1975), a considerable variety of 'unusual' foods and feeding behaviours has also been reported. Items taken include soap, gull excrement, dog food, potato peels, cheese, oatmeal, and the flesh of dead animals, including birds, a sheep Ovis, a wolf Lupus, a cat Felis, and a human corpse (Bell 1961; Campbell 1966; King 1961, 1964, 1982; King 1982; MacDonald & Parmelee 1962; Mercer 1966; Selway & Kendall 1965; Spencer 1966).

  1. My metronomes won't synchronize

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pykett, Colin

    2017-01-01

    Soon after Dutch scientist Christiaan Huygens invented the pendulum clock in the 17th century, he observed that pendulums in nearby clocks often synchronize such that eventually their phases are locked. So why then do my two metronomes not follow the herd?

  2. Have Ability, Won't Travel

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lonergan, David

    2009-01-01

    This article discusses the sad state of affairs in academic recruitment and retention--of library upper management. Anyone who has taken part in searches for library directors or deans knows frustration first-hand. At times there may be more open leadership positions around the country than there are applicants for them (any applicants whatsoever,…

  3. An Admissions Race that's Already Won

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Mitchell L.

    2008-01-01

    The author recently spent a year and a half in the admissions office of a highly selective Eastern college as an ethnographer, seeking to understand just how admissions officers make their decisions. He accompanied them on recruitment trips to high schools and college fairs, helped manage their offices' relentless current of visitors and mail, and…

  4. Colombia: why coal won't wait

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-05-11

    Colombia's coal production target is 68-million tons by the year 2000, with hopes to export 10% of world thermal-coal demand. Colombia's economic commitment to coal marketing is not an option, but an imperative. There are indications that coal production in the US - bogged down by complex transportation, environmental, and other disputes - will be revitalized, partly because Colombia will be added to the list of international coal-market competitors. Some coal-industry analysts recognize that the Colombian factor could, through stimulating price competition, encourage world coal consumption. Despite monumental infrastructure requirements that will turn the area between El Cerrejon and the Caribbean Sea into one integrated complex, the government is throwing itself heart and soul back into the coal age. This issue has the Energy Detente fuel price/tax series and the principal industrial fuel prices for May 1983 for countries of the Eastern Hemisphere.

  5. Why Managers Won't Learn.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salaman, Graeme; Butler, Jim

    1990-01-01

    Some cases of managers' resistance to learning may be explained in terms of the organizational structure in which they work and what these structures teach them. Organizational cultures may generate bonds of loyalty and group cohesion that interfere with attempts at training for change in management practice. (SK)

  6. Venezuelan oil field revival bids won

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-06-29

    This paper reports that four private sector companies or combines will operate inactive oil fields in Venezuela under state owned Petroleos de Venezuela's marginal field reactivation program. The award of operating contract to winning bidders marks the first time private companies will be allowed to produce crude oil in Venezuela since nationalization of the industry in 1976. Winning bidders have committed a total of $720 million in investments to the program during the 1990s. Current plans call for drilling 670 appraisals and development wells, conducting 250 workovers and well repairs, and conducting about 2,9000 line km of seismic surveys. Venezuela's energy ministry is targeting a production level of 90,000 b/d by the end of the decade from the reactivated fields.

  7. How Zucchini Won Fifth-Grade Hearts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavaliere, Denise

    1987-01-01

    A nutrition education program for grades K through 6 in Arizona is described, and essential elements of the program are given. Children learn about foods and the role of nutrients in health through gardening. (MT)

  8. How Zucchini Won Fifth-Grade Hearts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavaliere, Denise

    1987-01-01

    A nutrition education program for grades K through 6 in Arizona is described, and essential elements of the program are given. Children learn about foods and the role of nutrients in health through gardening. (MT)

  9. Johnny Won't Read, and Susie Won't Either: Reading Instruction and Student Resistance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Rebecca; Mcintyre, Ellen; Rightmyer, Elizabeth

    2006-01-01

    Why are children off task? What is going on in classrooms where a majority of children are off task? In this study we analyzed primary-grade classroom literacy instruction in which there was considerable off-task behavior. Using Turner and Paris's frame for understanding student motivation in the classroom, we analyzed 73 activity settings where…

  10. Information Literacy: The Battle We Won That We Lost?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowan, Susanna M.

    2014-01-01

    As we continue to revise our formal definitions of "information literacy" and to hone our delivery of information literacy across higher education, have we failed to see that information literacy as a programmatic aim, for all of its successes to date, is no longer relevant? The essay charts how the institutionalization of information…

  11. How adaptive optics may have won the Cold War

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tyson, Robert K.

    2013-05-01

    While there are many theories and studies concerning the end of the Cold War, circa 1990, I postulate that one of the contributors to the result was the development of adaptive optics. The emergence of directed energy weapons, specifically space-based and ground-based high energy lasers made practicable with adaptive optics, showed that a successful defense against inter-continental ballistic missiles was not only possible, but achievable in a reasonable period of time.

  12. Pakistan and kidney trade: battles won, battles to come.

    PubMed

    Moazam, Farhat

    2013-11-01

    This essay provides a brief overview of the rise of organ trade in Pakistan towards the end of the last century and the concerted, collective struggle--of physicians and medical associations aided by the media, journalists, members of civil society, and senior judiciary--in pressuring the government to bring about and implement a national law criminalizing such practices opposed by an influential pro-organ trade lobby. It argues that among the most effective measures to prevent re-emergence of organ trafficking in the country is increasing ethical live donations and above all, establishing sustainable, public supported deceased donor programs. To do this, the transplant community must recognize that organ transplantation is not merely a donor-recipient-physician transaction but a complex issue in which decisions to donate an organ are influenced by indigenous values and belief systems about human illness, life and death.

  13. Wons A Pon A Time: Writing with Middle Infants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robson, Cliff

    1988-01-01

    Presents guidelines designed to encourage children to focus on the message rather than the word as they write. Offers strategies and ideas designed to help children explore writing in ways they see as relevant. (NH)

  14. [A battle won: the elimination of poliomyelitis in Cuba].

    PubMed

    Chaple, Enrique Beldarraín

    2015-01-01

    Poliomyelitis was introduced in Cuba in the late nineteenth century by American residents in Isla de Pinos. The first epidemics occurred in 1906 and 1909 and increased in intensity between 1930 and 1958. The scope of the paper is to reconstruct the history of the disease and its epidemics in Cuba prior to 1961, the first National Polio Vaccination Campaign (1962) and its results, as well as analyze the ongoing annual vaccination campaigns through to certified elimination of the disease (1994). The logical historical method was used and archival documents and statistics from the Ministry of Health on morbidity and mortality through 2000 were reviewed. Gross morbidity and mortality rates were calculated and interviews with key figures were conducted.

  15. I Won't Back down from Anyone!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pfeifer, Douglas

    2013-01-01

    Routine life stressors can trigger anger and violence with children who have poor emotional regulation. This article describes "Response Ability Pathways" (RAP) strategies that equip youth in managing these daily challenges. The strategies require establishing steps to gain the young persons trust and providing alternative methods to…

  16. Why I Won’t Be a Prime Contractor

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-02-01

    treble damages. Registering to be able to contract: I have a TIN for tax purposes. Competition : FAR Part 6 implements the Competition in Contracting Act...CICA), which require full and open completion. Absent CICA, still “The contracting officer must promote competition to the maximum extent prac...in a future source selection. Competition : I have never had to participate in a competition to be selected for contracted or subcontracted work

  17. 2 Aspirin and Bedrest Won't Help!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scagliotta, Edward G.

    1983-01-01

    The author contends that falling barometric pressure hampers the flow of blood throughout the nervous system, thus encouraging maladaptive behavior in some neurologically impaired children. Among guidelines offered are to create a calm environment and to check the barometer frequently during the day. (CL)

  18. They fought the law and the law won.

    PubMed

    Petsko, Gregory A

    2007-01-01

    The new science geo-engineering doesn't try to alter a few corn plants; it aims to tinker with the entire planet, based on the notion that ultimately we can actively manipulate the planet to have any climate pattern we want. But there is no way we can ever assess all of the likely consequences.

  19. 2 Aspirin and Bedrest Won't Help!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scagliotta, Edward G.

    1983-01-01

    The author contends that falling barometric pressure hampers the flow of blood throughout the nervous system, thus encouraging maladaptive behavior in some neurologically impaired children. Among guidelines offered are to create a calm environment and to check the barometer frequently during the day. (CL)

  20. I Won't Back down from Anyone!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pfeifer, Douglas

    2013-01-01

    Routine life stressors can trigger anger and violence with children who have poor emotional regulation. This article describes "Response Ability Pathways" (RAP) strategies that equip youth in managing these daily challenges. The strategies require establishing steps to gain the young persons trust and providing alternative methods to…

  1. Banning Weapons on Campuses: The Battle Is Far from Won

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLelland, Sandra J.; Frenkil, Steven D.

    2009-01-01

    Utah is the only state that prohibits its state institutions from barring guns on its campuses. The University of Utah fought that statutory requirement vigorously in court, but the interests of pro-gun groups prevailed. In 2006 the Supreme Court of Utah held that the university lacked the authority to issue firearms policies, including barring…

  2. Who Won the Debate in Women Education? Rousseau or Wollstonecraft?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owusu-Gyamfi, Clifford

    2016-01-01

    Curriculum framework in the education of children became debatable during the enlightenment. Jean-Jacque Rousseau's treatise, "Emile," outlined an educational curriculum based on natural rights. Rousseau thought education should be based on espousing and exploring the natural abilities of a person. Therefore, since women have a natural…

  3. Why Won't They Just Do It?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbride, Dennis; Stensrud, Robert

    2008-01-01

    The gap (structural hole) between the manner in which rehabilitation agencies and business are structured, organized and managed has grown exponentially over the past 10-20 years. Three key changes have radically transformed American business: the globalization of financial capital and competition, the information technology revolution, and the…

  4. Winning a won game: caffeine panacea for obesity syndemic.

    PubMed

    Myslobodsky, M; Eldan, A

    2010-06-01

    Over the past decades, chronic sleep reduction and a concurrent development of obesity have been recognized as a common problem in the industrialized world. Among its numerous untoward effects, there is a possibility that insomnia is also a major contributor to obesity. This attribution poses a problem for caffeine, an inexpensive, "natural" agent that is purported to improve a number of conditions and is often indicated in a long-term pharmacotherapy in the context of weight management. The present study used the "common target" approach by exploring the tentative shared molecular networks of insomnia and adiposity. It discusses caffeine targets beyond those associated with adenosine signaling machinery, phosphodiesterases, and calcium release channels. Here, we provide a view suggesting that caffeine could exert some of its effects by acting on several signaling complexes composed of HIF-1α/VEGF/IL-8 along with NO, TNF-α, IL1, and GHRH, among others. Although the relevance of these targets to the reported therapeutic effects of caffeine has remained difficult to assess, the utilization of caffeine efficacies and potencies recommend its repurposing for development of novel therapeutic approaches. Among indications mentioned, are neuroprotective, nootropic, antioxidant, proliferative, anti-fibrotic, and anti-angiogenic that appear under a variety of dissimilar diagnostic labels comorbid with obesity. In the absence of safe and efficacious antiobesity agents, caffeine remains an attractive adjuvant.

  5. Majority of hospitals won't bill for 'never events'.

    PubMed

    2008-01-01

    Policy also includes apologies, reporting events to agencies such as The Joint Commission. What are considered normal customer service practices in other industries are 'radical' in health care. Risk manager says 'doing the right thing' also can help reduce your hospital's liability exposure.

  6. The Indiana Story: How the Extension Movement Was Won

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulholland, Shaila Danielle

    2012-01-01

    While new community colleges proliferated across the nation during the 1950s and 1960s, Indiana's postsecondary educational leaders pursued an alternative route to expanding educational opportunity during the postwar years through extension campuses. The study reported in this article draws on archival documents to gain an understanding of the…

  7. Skeptics Say Billions for Education Won't Stimulate Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Field, Kelly

    2009-01-01

    Skeptics question whether infusion of billions of dollars for education in the economic-stimulus bill before Congress would actually give a healthy jolt to the economy. The bill would help thousands of students pay for college and could give colleges money to fix crumbling buildings. Some members of Congress are calling for the removal of…

  8. Children Who Won't Go to School (Separation Anxiety)

    MedlinePlus

    ... Attachment Disorders Panic Disorder In Children And Adolescents Grief and ... health a reality, consider donating to the Campaign for America’s Kids . Your support will help us continue to produce and distribute ...

  9. The Tests that Won't Go Away

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scherer, Marge

    2009-01-01

    There is no doubt that in the past 10 years, school culture has become a testing culture. But all the "multiple measures" do not really lead one to achieve the three most often cited goals of testing: building proficiency in basic skills, closing achievement gaps, and fostering the top-notch knowledge and skills that students will need…

  10. Administrators from Small Programs Won Support and a National Role.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Christine M.; Stewart, Guy H.

    1996-01-01

    Discusses the lengthy efforts of Perley Isaac Reed, director of the West Virginia University School of Journalism, to receive recognition and approval of the American Association of Schools and Departments of Journalism (AASDJ). Discusses the founding and early history of the American Society of Journalism School Administrators, and Reed's answer…

  11. Why fat taxes won't make us thin.

    PubMed

    Cornelsen, Laura; Green, Rosemary; Dangour, Alan; Smith, Richard

    2015-03-01

    Increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity has led policy-makers to consider health-related taxes to limit the consumption of unhealthy foods and beverages. Such taxes are currently already in place in countries in Europe (e.g. Hungary, France and Finland) and in various states in the USA. Although these taxes are possibly efficient in reducing by a small amount the consumption of targeted products if the tax is fully transmitted to the consumer, there is too little available evidence on what will be consumed instead and whether these food substitutions undermine the hoped-for health benefits of the tax. We also know very little on how the food supply side will respond and what overall impact this will have. Without a proper appreciation of the potential indirect impacts we do not know the overall impact of taxes foods on unhealthy foods and beverages and further that there is a very real possibility that they may not be beneficial for health after all.

  12. Winning a Won Game: Caffeine Panacea for Obesity Syndemic

    PubMed Central

    Myslobodsky, M; Eldan, A

    2010-01-01

    Over the past decades, chronic sleep reduction and a concurrent development of obesity have been recognized as a common problem in the industrialized world. Among its numerous untoward effects, there is a possibility that insomnia is also a major contributor to obesity. This attribution poses a problem for caffeine, an inexpensive, “natural” agent that is purported to improve a number of conditions and is often indicated in a long-term pharmacotherapy in the context of weight management. The present study used the “common target” approach by exploring the tentative shared molecular networks of insomnia and adiposity. It discusses caffeine targets beyond those associated with adenosine signaling machinery, phosphodiesterases, and calcium release channels. Here, we provide a view suggesting that caffeine could exert some of its effects by acting on several signaling complexes composed of HIF-1α/VEGF/IL-8 along with NO, TNF-α, IL1, and GHRH, among others. Although the relevance of these targets to the reported therapeutic effects of caffeine has remained difficult to assess, the utilization of caffeine efficacies and potencies recommend its repurposing for development of novel therapeutic approaches. Among indications mentioned, are neuroprotective, nootropic, antioxidant, proliferative, anti-fibrotic, and anti-angiogenic that appear under a variety of dissimilar diagnostic labels comorbid with obesity. In the absence of safe and efficacious antiobesity agents, caffeine remains an attractive adjuvant. PMID:21119886

  13. Information Literacy: The Battle We Won That We Lost?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowan, Susanna M.

    2014-01-01

    As we continue to revise our formal definitions of "information literacy" and to hone our delivery of information literacy across higher education, have we failed to see that information literacy as a programmatic aim, for all of its successes to date, is no longer relevant? The essay charts how the institutionalization of information…

  14. Fearing Our Students Won't Help Them

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pavela, Gary

    2008-01-01

    This article argues that colleges should not dismiss troubled students first and ask questions later. There are better ways to prevent campus violence than trying to predict students' future behavior, including mental-health support and thoughtful, responsible risk assessment. While no panacea exists, there are helpful, proven strategies: (1)…

  15. Cushioned Shoe Inserts Won't Guard Against Injury: Review

    MedlinePlus

    ... published Dec. 12 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine . SOURCES: Daniel Bonanno, Ph.D., lecturer, podiatry, College ... York City; Dec. 12, 2016, British Journal of Sports Medicine HealthDay Copyright (c) 2016 HealthDay . All rights reserved. ...

  16. Trichinellosis: the zoonosis that won't go quietly.

    PubMed

    Murrell, K D; Pozio, E

    2000-11-01

    Trichinellosis, is normally not included among those regarded as emerging zoonoses because it has been a public health threat for more than 150 years. However, its dramatic re-emergence in many areas around the world over the past 10-20 years, inspite of a century of veterinary public health efforts to control and eradicate it, justifies it being included in this group. The reasons for this re-emergence are diverse, and include human pertubation and manipulation of ecosystems, war and political turmoil, rapidly changing food distribution and marketing systems, and even, surprisingly, rising affluence in developing countries. These influences, and their impact on the epidemiology of both domestic and sylvatic trichinellosis, are discussed, along with recommendations for confronting this altered status as a public health threat.

  17. Why Diversity for Diversity's Sake Won't Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delton, Jennifer

    2007-01-01

    Proponents of "diversity hiring" insist that faculty members of color have a different perspective on issues of race and ethnicity that will increase students' understanding of the multiracial, multicultural world they will inhabit in the 21st century. The mere presence of "diverse" faculty members will prepare students for workplace realities,…

  18. Skeptics Say Billions for Education Won't Stimulate Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Field, Kelly

    2009-01-01

    Skeptics question whether infusion of billions of dollars for education in the economic-stimulus bill before Congress would actually give a healthy jolt to the economy. The bill would help thousands of students pay for college and could give colleges money to fix crumbling buildings. Some members of Congress are calling for the removal of…

  19. Banning Weapons on Campuses: The Battle Is Far from Won

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLelland, Sandra J.; Frenkil, Steven D.

    2009-01-01

    Utah is the only state that prohibits its state institutions from barring guns on its campuses. The University of Utah fought that statutory requirement vigorously in court, but the interests of pro-gun groups prevailed. In 2006 the Supreme Court of Utah held that the university lacked the authority to issue firearms policies, including barring…

  20. Faking It Won't Make It in Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2004-01-01

    For years, educators and researchers have seen teachers at all grade levels attempt to upgrade their grasp of physics, chemistry, and biology, from basic theories to complex material. Now, the pressure on schools and instructors to improve science instruction is likely to intensify, with approaching federal requirements on states to test students…

  1. Wisdom won from illness: the psychoanalytic grasp of human being.

    PubMed

    Lear, Jonathan

    2014-08-01

    From its inception psychoanalysis claimed not merely to be an effective therapy for psychological suffering, but to shed light on the human condition. But what kind of insight does psychoanalysis offer? This paper locates psychoanalysis in the western philosophical tradition, arguing that psychoanalysis provides not only theoretical wisdom about the human, but practical wisdom of a peculiar kind. The human mind, through its self-conscious understanding can be immediately and directly efficacious in shaping its own structure.

  2. No We Won't! Teachers' Resistance to Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berkovich, Izhak

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Teachers' resistance to educational reform has been explored, with special attention given to the reasons driving opposition and the resistance practices employed inside school walls. These studies have not, however, examined the agenda setting strategy employed by teachers opposing new policy on the national level, nor has any extensive…

  3. "We Won't Back Down!" Political Action in Ontario.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coles, Rich

    2001-01-01

    Discusses educators' responses to the attempts to take over the educational system by the government of Ontario, Canada. Discusses the background to the crisis, the "Final Straw" (Bill 160), public relations and the largest work stoppage by educators in North America (October, 1997), and lessons learned from the political protests. (RS)

  4. No We Won't! Teachers' Resistance to Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berkovich, Izhak

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Teachers' resistance to educational reform has been explored, with special attention given to the reasons driving opposition and the resistance practices employed inside school walls. These studies have not, however, examined the agenda setting strategy employed by teachers opposing new policy on the national level, nor has any extensive…

  5. How Zucchini Won 5th-Grade Hearts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavaliere, Denise

    1987-01-01

    Describes an innovative gardening/nutrition education program in Tucson, Arizona, public elementary schools--Meals for Millions "Sow and Grow"--where children in kindergarten to sixth grade invest time and "tender loving cultivation" into their own school vegetable gardens and learn to like foods--zucchini--that are good for…

  6. Ignoring Rock Won't Make It Go Away

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarig, Emmett R.

    1970-01-01

    Since American youth have a strong preference for rock music, music educators should cater to this bias. Youth music is here to stay, and the educator's role will be best fulfilled by sharing rather than shunning it. (CK)

  7. Why Won't They Just Do It?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbride, Dennis; Stensrud, Robert

    2008-01-01

    The gap (structural hole) between the manner in which rehabilitation agencies and business are structured, organized and managed has grown exponentially over the past 10-20 years. Three key changes have radically transformed American business: the globalization of financial capital and competition, the information technology revolution, and the…

  8. Faking It Won't Make It in Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2004-01-01

    For years, educators and researchers have seen teachers at all grade levels attempt to upgrade their grasp of physics, chemistry, and biology, from basic theories to complex material. Now, the pressure on schools and instructors to improve science instruction is likely to intensify, with approaching federal requirements on states to test students…

  9. Nice Suggestion, but It Won't Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neff, Charles B.

    1990-01-01

    Using third-party negotiators in university presidential salary discussions may widen, not bridge, the gap between presidents and boards. It is more promising to educate presidents and boards about compensation packages and the comparative benefits for presidents of similar institutions and acknowledge the relationship between compensation and…

  10. How Zucchini Won 5th-Grade Hearts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavaliere, Denise

    1987-01-01

    Describes an innovative gardening/nutrition education program in Tucson, Arizona, public elementary schools--Meals for Millions "Sow and Grow"--where children in kindergarten to sixth grade invest time and "tender loving cultivation" into their own school vegetable gardens and learn to like foods--zucchini--that are good for…

  11. We won't repeat the mistakes of the past.

    PubMed

    Amanor, A

    1991-09-01

    The Planned Parenthood Association of Ghana and the country's Ministry of Health have seized on an innovative new method for promoting immunization coverage -- a baby contest. The event seeks to promote the benefits of good health habits, a sound environment, and immunization on a child's development. The contest is designed to determine whether the mother has understood the educational lessons concerning family planning and family health given at the immunization centers and welfare clinics. The prize for winning the contest consists of 3 plastic basins, bars of bath soap, and a white shirt. In order to take part in the baby contest, a mother has to demonstrate the following: that she took 2 doses of tetanus vaccine during pregnancy; that she is able to administer first aid and oral rehydration therapy; that she has a certain level of knowledge concerning family planning methods, environmental sanitation, and personal hygiene; and that she is able to prepare Weanimix, a local weaning food for children. The 1st baby contest was held in December 1989 in the 9 communities that form the Integrated Family Planning, Nutrition and Parasite Control Project (IP) area. This 1st competition succeeded in getting 513 mothers to complete their immunization schedules prior to the event. Because the initial contests took place in remote villages, they received little media coverage, which affected attendance. But as more contests were held and more people became involved, the media picked up the story, further increasing participation. Organizers indicate that the number of people taking part in the contests, as well as the number of children being immunized, has increased steadily every month.

  12. "A campaign won as a public issue will stay won": using cartoons and comics to fight national health care reform, 1940s and beyond.

    PubMed

    Knoblauch, Heidi Katherine

    2014-02-01

    On March 23, 2010, President Barack Obama signed the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) into law. As it went through Congress, the legislation faced forceful resistance. Individuals and organizations opposing the ACA circulated propaganda that varied from photographs of fresh graves or coffins with the caption "Result of ObamaCare" to portrayals of President Obama as the Joker from the Batman movies, captioned with the single word "socialism." The arguments embedded in these images have striking parallels to cartoons circulated by physicians to their patients in earlier fights against national health care. Examining cartoons used in the formative health care reform debates of the 1940s provides a means for tracing the lineage of emotional arguments employed against health care reform.

  13. Why won't they come? Stakeholder perspectives on collaborative national forest planning by participation level.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Antony S; Mattor, Katherine M

    2006-10-01

    Collaboration has taken root in national forest planning, providing expanded opportunities for stakeholder participation in decision-making, but are these processes considered meaningful by key stakeholders? Do the processes result in increased participation by key stakeholders? We present results of a study of stakeholder perspectives of a collaborative planning process on the Grand Mesa, Uncompahgre, and Gunnison National Forests in Western Colorado, U.S.A. The stakeholders were stratified by participation levels in order to explore a possible relationship between participation and perceptions of the collaborative process. We used a Q-methodology approach to compare and contrast perspectives across participant levels in the North Fork Valley Landscape Working Group process. The results demonstrate four distinct perspectives on the collaborative process: 1) The collaborative process is valued by the Forest Service and will directly influence planning decisions; 2) The Forest Service, the collaborative process, and other stakeholders are not to be trusted; 3) The collaborative process is most effective when emphasizing place-specific dialogue that primarily involves stakeholders educating the Forest Service about issues; and 4) Forest planning involves issues requiring the application of scientific knowledge and expertise rather than collaboration. These perspectives were not strongly associated with participation levels, with time constraint being the primary mediating factor affecting participation. There are several possible actions policymakers and planners can take to enhance participation and overcome high rates of nonparticipation.

  14. If You Record It, Some Won't Come: Using Lecture Capture in Introductory Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drouin, Michelle A.

    2014-01-01

    In this study, I examined the effects of offering supplemental video lecture recordings to students in a face-to-face introductory psychology course. I employed a quasi-experimental design, in which one section had lectures recordings available (recordings of the face-to-face lecture) and one section did not, and I examined whether class section…

  15. Tinnitus -- The Noise in Your Head that Won't Go Away

    MedlinePlus

    ... the Noise in Your Head that Won’t Go Away Almost everyone has experienced tinnitus—what’s commonly ... inner ear and the brain where things can go wrong to cause tinnitus. If we can understand ...

  16. Patching Bits Won't Fix Vocational Education in Australia--A New Model Is Needed

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wheelahan, Leesa

    2016-01-01

    Australia's vocational education and training (VET) qualifications comprise units of competency that are bundled together in qualifications and nestled in training packages developed for particular industries. This article argues that this model is broken and cannot be fixed by patching bits of the system. Competency-based training (CBT) is based…

  17. Career Planning Inventories: "Do-It-Yourself" Won't Do

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Stephen J.

    1975-01-01

    This article explores the practical difficulties encountered in using self-administering, self-scoring, and self-interpreting career guidance instruments with students who have white-collar aspirations and blue-collar histories. After dramatizing and summarizing the problems, the author describes a model for successful use of one such…

  18. Small Changes Won't Assure Sustainability--but Reimagining Might

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holdaway, Xarissa

    2008-01-01

    Almost every day, the author learns about new green buildings from press releases. One example is that of Arizona State University's new Biodesign Institute, a soaring, "uber"-chic, high-performance, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design-certified center. However, the author maintains that such buildings are undoubtedly a step up…

  19. Beyond 2012: Why the World Won't End A Discussion with Dr. David Morrison

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2012-12-18

    Dr. David Morrison, Astrobiologist and Senior Scientist at NASA Ames Research Center, addresses several theories that the world will end or face some kind of cosmic cataclysm on Friday December 21, 2012. Also known as the Doomsday Prophecy.

  20. Voluntary consent: why a value-neutral concept won't work.

    PubMed

    Wertheimer, Alan

    2012-06-01

    Some maintain that voluntariness is a value-neutral concept. On that view, someone acts involuntarily if subject to a controlling influence or has no acceptable alternatives. I argue that a value-neutral conception of voluntariness cannot explain when and why consent is invalid and that we need a moralized account of voluntariness. On that view, most concerns about the voluntariness of consent to participate in research are not well founded.

  1. When Rights Just Won't Do: Ethical Considerations When Making Decisions for Severely Disabled Newborns.

    PubMed

    Hester, D Micah; Lew, Cheryl D; Swota, Alissa

    2016-01-01

    Children born with severe handicapping conditions, where survival and quality of survival is indeterminate, present special challenges for families and health-care professionals tasked with deciding the best courses of treatment and care. The case of Baby G presents an opportunity to compare the relative effectiveness of ethical versus rights theories in providing guidance about what obligations are owed to such children at bedside and how those obligations pertain to broader societal duties in a rights framework. We review common theories of determining the "best interests standard" of newborn decision-making and the priority of families to decide on behalf of their children. We then discuss what support the rights framework of the U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) might lend to the best implementation of clinical ethics decision-making. Finally, we conclude that the universal nature of rights theory does not provide the particular, specific guidance needed at the bedside of the critically ill infant.

  2. If You Record It, Some Won't Come: Using Lecture Capture in Introductory Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drouin, Michelle A.

    2014-01-01

    In this study, I examined the effects of offering supplemental video lecture recordings to students in a face-to-face introductory psychology course. I employed a quasi-experimental design, in which one section had lectures recordings available (recordings of the face-to-face lecture) and one section did not, and I examined whether class section…

  3. [Situational awareness: you won't see it unless you understand it].

    PubMed

    Graafland, Maurits; Schijven, Marlies P

    2015-01-01

    In dynamic, high-risk environments such as the modern operating theatre, healthcare providers are required to identify a multitude of signals correctly and in time. Errors resulting from failure to identify or interpret signals correctly lead to calamities. Medical training curricula focus largely on teaching technical skills and knowledge, not on the cognitive skills needed to interact appropriately with fast-changing, complex environments in practice. The term 'situational awareness' describes the dynamic process of receiving, interpreting and processing information in such dynamic environments. Improving situational awareness in high-risk environments should be part of medical curricula. In addition, the flood of information in high-risk environments should be presented more clearly and effectively. It is important that physicians become more involved in this regard.

  4. When Boys Won't Be Boys: Discussing Gender with Young Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katch, Hannah; Katch, Jane

    2010-01-01

    In this Voices Inside Schools essay, Hannah Katch and Jane Katch reflect on gender roles and how they are enacted in the classroom. When Timothy, a student in Jane's kindergarten class, refuses to count himself as one of the boys during a math lesson, Jane begins a conversation about social constructions of gender with her daughter, Hannah.…

  5. From Oasis to Mirage: The Aquifers That Won't Replenish.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Gary

    1995-01-01

    Tells the story of three fossil aquifers, in Saudi Arabia, Libya, and the United States, that are mined at nonrenewable rates for agricultural irrigation. Examines the consequences of a collision between rising consumption and falling groundwater supplies. Charts Libya's projected water needs compared to renewable supply, 1985-2030. (LZ)

  6. The TPSR Alliance: Learning with a Family Who Won't Give up on You

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCarthy, John; Ettl, Fritz I.; Altieri, Val

    2016-01-01

    The TPSR Alliance has become a vital community of practice for my graduate students and for me personally. During the past decade, I (the first author) have worked with graduate students at Boston University to provide a program for youth development through sports and fitness at a large, high-needs public high school in the Boston area. Our…

  7. Comprehensive smoke‐free legislation in England: how advocacy won the day

    PubMed Central

    Arnott, Deborah; Dockrell, Martin; Sandford, Amanda

    2007-01-01

    Objective To examine how a government committed to a voluntary approach was forced by an effective advocacy coalition to introduce comprehensive smoke‐free legislation. Methods A diary was kept from the start of the campaign in 2003, backed up by journal and press articles, and information downloaded from the web. Regular public opinion polls were also carried out to supplement government surveys and polls conducted by the media. Results The 1997 Labour Government was committed to a voluntary approach to deal with the problem of secondhand smoke. By 2003, efforts to persuade government to introduce regulation of workplace secondhand smoke through a health and safety code of practice with exemptions for the hospitality trade, had failed. Despite a lack of support from the government, including the health minister, a new strategy by health advocates focusing on comprehensive workplace legislation was able to succeed. Conclusions In a democracy it is crucial to develop public knowledge and belief in the extent of the risks of secondhand smoke. Gaining public and media support for the issue can ensure that government has to take action and that the legislation will be enforceable. The interests of the tobacco industry and the hospitality trade differ and this can be used to gain hospitality trade support for comprehensive national legislation in order to ensure a level playing field and protection from litigation. PMID:18048621

  8. Comprehensive smoke-free legislation in England: how advocacy won the day.

    PubMed

    Arnott, Deborah; Dockrell, Martin; Sandford, Amanda; Willmore, Ian

    2007-12-01

    To examine how a government committed to a voluntary approach was forced by an effective advocacy coalition to introduce comprehensive smoke-free legislation. A diary was kept from the start of the campaign in 2003, backed up by journal and press articles, and information downloaded from the web. Regular public opinion polls were also carried out to supplement government surveys and polls conducted by the media. The 1997 Labour Government was committed to a voluntary approach to deal with the problem of secondhand smoke. By 2003, efforts to persuade government to introduce regulation of workplace secondhand smoke through a health and safety code of practice with exemptions for the hospitality trade, had failed. Despite a lack of support from the government, including the health minister, a new strategy by health advocates focusing on comprehensive workplace legislation was able to succeed. In a democracy it is crucial to develop public knowledge and belief in the extent of the risks of secondhand smoke. Gaining public and media support for the issue can ensure that government has to take action and that the legislation will be enforceable. The interests of the tobacco industry and the hospitality trade differ and this can be used to gain hospitality trade support for comprehensive national legislation in order to ensure a level playing field and protection from litigation.

  9. It All Depends on You: A Rural Music Educator Who Won't Quit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilcox, Ella

    2005-01-01

    Shickley Nebraska is an agricultural community where people have great pride in their school, community, and youth. With 98 percent of the students at the local high school college bound, the town motto is displayed on the brick "Welcome to Shickley" sign, and says "Welcome to Shickley, A Big Little Town." What makes rural…

  10. Why the war on drugs in sport will never be won.

    PubMed

    Smith, Aaron C T; Stewart, Bob

    2015-11-10

    Recent exposes of drug use in sports suggest that doping might be more problematic than doping-control test results reveal. A zero-tolerance (ZT) model, which aims to eliminate the use, has dominated the thinking of sport's policy makers over the last 15 years. In light of the limitations associated with ZT-based policy, we propose an alternative policy, one based on controlled use and harm reduction principles. We argue that substance control policies underpinned by harm reduction (HR) principles of social utility and public value will deliver superior social outcomes. First, a harm reduction approach better accommodates the competitive realities of sports and the impact of elite sports' emphasis on performance at all costs. Second, HR prioritises athlete welfare over sport and brand reputation. Finally, while appreciating the regulatory and risk management responsibilities of sports' governing bodies, the HR model offers greater space to the athlete's right to privacy, and right to personal autonomy.

  11. Gilded and gelded. Hard-won lessons from the PR wars.

    PubMed

    Martin, Dick

    2003-10-01

    A golden statue of a winged youth once perched on the roof of AT&T's old headquarters. But when AT&T lowered the 24-foot-high statue for regilding so that it could be placed in the company's new headquarters, the chairman was shocked to discover that the figure was anatomically correct. So he decreed that it also be gelded. The altered "Golden Boy" thus became a metaphor for AT&T's recent embattled history, and it serves as a cautionary symbol for all companies operating in today's brutal business environment, where perception can be as important as reality. While image consultants and executives work to gild a company's image, special interest groups and the media can geld a company with countless little cuts. The author, a former executive vice president of public relations for AT&T, provides an insider's view of some of the company's most painful public-relations scrapes. They include the collapse of two apparent CEO succession plans, AT&T's inability to meet heightened expectations after Mike Armstrong was appointed CEO, and the racially charged furor over a cartoon in an employee publication. The author offers four lessons: Don't become hypnotized by your own buzz; understand the way the business media think; address the needs of all your stakeholders; and be sensitive to the possible emotional resonance of what appear to be straightforward facts. To illustrate the final point, the author mentions AT&T's elimination of 40,000 jobs in 1996. Wall Street was impressed, but NBC's Tom Brokaw said the workforce reduction might signal "another long, anxious year for the American middle class." No rational argument from AT&T could overcome the layoffs' symbolic impact. Wounded but wiser after numerous public-relations battles, the company eventually learned to stop aggregating job-reduction information for the media.

  12. Mann Gulch fire: A race that couldn't be won

    Treesearch

    Richard C. Rothermel

    1993-01-01

    Describes the final 20 minutes of a smokejumper fire-fighting crew and the fire that overran 16 men as they were attempting to escape. The foreman and two firefighters escaped. Comparison with the behavior of a crew trapped by a fire in 1985 is described.

  13. Social Problems and America's Youth: Why School Reform Won't Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rittenmeyer, Dennis C.

    1987-01-01

    Using the schools to achieve racial balance, eliminate poverty, fight drug abuse, prevent pregnancy, and reduce youth suicide is too large a task. Teachers and principals should address educational issues, not unmet social needs. To improve the educational performance of the schools, the quality of life for youth must first be improved. (MSE)

  14. When Boys Won't Be Boys: Discussing Gender with Young Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katch, Hannah; Katch, Jane

    2010-01-01

    In this Voices Inside Schools essay, Hannah Katch and Jane Katch reflect on gender roles and how they are enacted in the classroom. When Timothy, a student in Jane's kindergarten class, refuses to count himself as one of the boys during a math lesson, Jane begins a conversation about social constructions of gender with her daughter, Hannah.…

  15. What Is Mathematics and Why Won't It Go Away?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colley, Susan Jane

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author reports on a seminar for first-year college students that weaves mathematical proof and problem-solving together with discussions of cultural, philosophical, and aesthetic issues surrounding mathematics. The author's goal is for students to learn some mathematics, and--just as important--to think about the nature of…

  16. OA6 Talking about death won't kill you; introducing die-alogues.

    PubMed

    Kortes-Miller, Katherine

    2015-04-01

    Death holds a significant place in societies despite not being a direct or first-hand experience for many. Fewer people now die in their homes surrounded by family, and we have distanced ourselves from death by geography and the medicalisation of death. Our understanding of dying and death is influenced by the communities we live in. Die-alogues is an initiative hosted by Hospice Northwest intended to support meaningful conversations about dying, death, life and living. The mission of Hospice Northwest is to support end-of-life care in our community. By engaging in open, easy and respectful discussions about death and dying ourselves, we can better prepare ourselves to care for others as they face their own dying and that of those they love. Responding to an identified community need, we have partnered with community organisations including a music and dance studio, a leadership group and a research centre to facilitate this initiative. Our approach has been innovative and included a flash mob, Jeopardy games and various other strategies to facilitate and support community members' discussions of living until we die. Evaluations are positive. Our community has requested more opportunities for Die-alogues to continue. This initiative will hopefully expand in our region including within neighbouring First Nations communities. Our standing room only events demonstrate that our community wants to engage and be active participants in learning about dying and death and supporting one another. This presentation/poster will share some of the lessons learned from the Die-alogues community engagement process. © 2015, Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  17. "They Just Won't Listen to Me": A Teacher's Guide to Positive Behavioral Interventions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rafferty, Lisa A.

    2007-01-01

    It has been estimated that as much as 20 percent of the school population may have some form of unidentified emotional or behavioral disorder; at some point in time, nearly all children exhibit problem behaviors. These behaviors often interfere with the learning environment and make it nearly impossible for teaching and learning to take place…

  18. Classroom Management for Kids Who Won't Sit Still and Other "Bad Apples"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cahill, Susan M.

    2006-01-01

    This article presents a case description of collaboration between an occupational therapist and a general education teacher to develop an effective classroom management system. The classroom management system described here was based on the Alert Program for Self-regulation: How Does Your Engine Run? In addition, the case description provides a…

  19. Higher Education and the "American Dream": Why the Status Quo Won't Get Us There

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keene, Sara E.

    2008-01-01

    The community college represents the only form of universal access to education, and is thus purported to be the gateway to low-income and minority students' realization of the "American Dream." That dream is growing more and more elusive for a substantial number of people. Instead of breaking down ethnic and class barriers to economic…

  20. Trading trash: why the U.S. won't sign on to the Basel convention.

    PubMed Central

    Schmidt, C W

    1999-01-01

    Environmentalists worry that hazardous wastes produced in industrialized nations are being dumped in cash-starved developing countries--the countries with the least political or economic clout to resist and the fewest resources for managing these toxic imports. Imported waste can pose a serious threat to the health of human populations and ecosystems if not managed appropriately. In 1989, the international community initiated efforts to reduce the flow of hazardous wastes from industrialized countries to developing countries by drafting a treaty known as the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Wastes and their Disposal. The convention's mission is to strictly regulate the international transfer of hazardous wastes and to ensure that wastes are managed and disposed of in an environmentally sound manner. Although the United States supports the convention in theory, it remains the only industrialized country within the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development yet to ratify it. However, legislation drafted by the Clinton administration that is soon to go before the 106th Congress could make the United States a party to the convention. PMID:10417374

  1. Build a Wind Tunnel that Won't Blow Your Budget

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzgerald, Mike

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author gives basic information on constructing a wind tunnel that teachers can use for instructional activities with their students for many years to come. He illustrates and describes the procedure and materials that he developed in constructing his own wind tunnel. This information should be viewed as a guide. (Contains 1…

  2. Time pacing: competing in markets that won't stand still.

    PubMed

    Eisenhardt, K M; Brown, S L

    1998-01-01

    Most companies change in reaction to events such as moves by the competition, shifts in technology, or new customer demands. In fairly stable markets, "event pacing" is an effective way to deal with change. But successful companies in rapidly changing, intensely competitive industries take a different approach. They change proactively, through regular deadlines. The authors call this strategy time pacing. Like a metronome, time pacing creates a rhythm to which managers can synchronize the speed and intensity of their efforts. For example, 3M dictates that 25% of its revenues every year will come from new products, Netscape introduces a new product about every six months, and Intel adds a new fabrication facility to its operations approximately every nine months. Time pacing creates a relentless sense of urgency around meeting deadlines and concentrates people on a common set of goals. Its predictability also provides people with a sense of control in otherwise chaotic markets. The authors show how companies such as Banc One, Cisco Systems, Dell Computer, Emerson Electric, Gillette, Intel, Netscape, Shiseido, and Sony implement the two essentials of time pacing. The first is managing transitions--the shift, for example, from one new-product-development project to the next. The second is setting the right rhythm for change. Companies that march to the rhythm of time pacing build momentum, and companies that effectively manage transitions sustain that momentum without missing important beats.

  3. Mission Organization: How One Program Tackled Their Parent Handbook and Won

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Debra

    2007-01-01

    Early care and education center directors have a whole host of reasons for printing comprehensive and informative parent handbooks. The parents of the children who attend early care and education centers have their own set of expectations and needs for information contained in parent handbooks. When these sets of needs and expectations collide, it…

  4. The Precarious Survival and Hard-Won Satisfactions of White Single-Parent Families.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richards, Leslie N.

    1989-01-01

    Examined interviews with 43 White single mothers for thematic content relating to economics of single parenthood, feelings about single parenting, the children's fathers, and stigmatization. Results showed that these women had developed coping strategies and were proud of their ability to survive under adverse circumstances, but that they felt…

  5. "He Won't Get Anything out of This!" Intersections of Race, Disability, and Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Theoharis, George; Causton, Julie

    2016-01-01

    This case describes the leadership role and challenges in moving a school in a more inclusive direction for students with disabilities. Assistant Principal Mosier plays a key role and in that role meets Charles, sixth grader, who has been educated in self-contained special education. While 58% of the students at Reynolds are African American and…

  6. 47 CFR 24.712 - Bidding credits for licenses won for frequency Block C.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Block C. 24.712 Section 24.712 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Competitive Bidding Procedures for Broadband PCS § 24... business, as defined in § 24.720(b)(1), or a consortium of small businesses may use a bidding credit of...

  7. The War on Poverty Must Be Won: Transformative Leaders Can Make a Difference

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shields, Carolyn M.

    2014-01-01

    According to reports, almost one billion children worldwide live in poverty, many of whom find it difficult to attend school on a regular basis. Moreover, when they are able to attend, they too often find themselves unable to succeed, falling farther and farther behind their more affluent peers. By attending to a number of relevant research…

  8. When "t"-Tests or Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney Tests Won't Do

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McElduff, Fiona; Cortina-Borja, Mario; Chan, Shun-Kai; Wade, Angie

    2010-01-01

    "t"-Tests are widely used by researchers to compare the average values of a numeric outcome between two groups. If there are doubts about the suitability of the data for the requirements of a "t"-test, most notably the distribution being non-normal, the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test may be used instead. However, although often…

  9. Memory avoidance by older adults: When `old dogs' won't perform their `new tricks'

    PubMed Central

    Touron, Dayna R.

    2014-01-01

    Learning often involves a transition from responding based on an effortful initial strategy to using a faster and easier memory-based strategy. Older adults shift strategy more slowly compared to younger adults. I describe research establishing that age differences in strategy shift are impacted not only by declines in older adults' learning, but also by a volitional avoidance of memory retrieval. I also discuss the factors that influence older adults' memory avoidance, including age differences in understanding the available strategies' relative efficiency, accuracy, and effort, as well as age differences in the preference for a consistent strategic approach. Last, I consider the implications of memory avoidance for older adults' everyday functioning. This research demonstrates that volition and choice must be taken into account when studying cognitive performance and aging. PMID:26085714

  10. Memory avoidance by older adults: When `old dogs' won't perform their `new tricks'.

    PubMed

    Touron, Dayna R

    2015-06-01

    Learning often involves a transition from responding based on an effortful initial strategy to using a faster and easier memory-based strategy. Older adults shift strategy more slowly compared to younger adults. I describe research establishing that age differences in strategy shift are impacted not only by declines in older adults' learning, but also by a volitional avoidance of memory retrieval. I also discuss the factors that influence older adults' memory avoidance, including age differences in understanding the available strategies' relative efficiency, accuracy, and effort, as well as age differences in the preference for a consistent strategic approach. Last, I consider the implications of memory avoidance for older adults' everyday functioning. This research demonstrates that volition and choice must be taken into account when studying cognitive performance and aging.

  11. Will They or Won't They? Secret Telling in Interpersonal Interactions.

    PubMed

    Kowalski, Robin Marie; Morgan, Chad Alan; Whittaker, Elizabeth; Zaremba, Brittany; Frazee, Laura; Dean, Jessica

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated predictors of within-gender secret telling. Eighty-eight participants were exposed to either a "positive" or a "negative" secret about another individual. Just under 20% of participants told the secret. Conscientiousness, secret condition, empathy, and the conscientiousness by secret condition interaction had effects on the rate of secret telling, χ(2) (5,82) = 17.78, p = .003, AIC = 80.60. Conscientiousness had a negative effect on secret telling among participants that told the "negative" secret.

  12. [Words that won't fade off in the wind: identity and diagnosis in psychiatry].

    PubMed

    Levín, Santiago A

    2013-01-01

    The main focus of this paper is to analyze the role of the word pronounced by members of the health staff as it is constitutive of identity in the patient recepting the word. How is identity constructed? How does the word spoken by a significant Other impinge on this process? In particular, what about the influence of words denoting medical diagnoses? Regarding such queries we also look, on a preliminary basis, at each of the two main currents in Western medicine (biomedicine and medical anthropology), to find out if and how it addresses the relation between the word as an element of identity and the same word as a therapeutic tool.

  13. Misunderstanding Education: Why Increasing College Enrollments Can't and Won't Fix the Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolf, Alison

    2009-01-01

    The College Board has just published a "Wake-up Call to the American People and American Educators." In a report entitled "Coming to Our Senses," it argues that this "nation's dominant position in the world order is at great risk.... Across the globe, leaders have put their faith in education. They understand that economic…

  14. States Increased Student Aid in 2007-8, but It Won't Last

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelderman, Eric

    2009-01-01

    The 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico took advantage of the nation's strong economy during the 2007-8 budget year and spent a total of nearly $10-billion on student aid. That was an increase of 6.6 percent from the year before when adjusted for inflation, according to an annual report released this week by the National…

  15. Talk Alone Won't Close the 30-Million Word Gap

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wasik, Barbara A.; Hindman, Annemarie H.

    2015-01-01

    Interventions that affect children's vocabulary development focus on the quality of language as well as quantity. Children need opportunities to talk, use vocabulary words, and respond to adults' questions. Adults need to create opportunities to talk, provide quality feedback on children's language, and use a lot of new vocabulary repeatedly in…

  16. Between Teacher & Parent: Helping the Child Who Won't Join the Group

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodkin, Adele M.

    2004-01-01

    This article deals with the problem between the teacher and parent of a child who will not participate in group activities. Here, the author features the teacher's story as well as the parent's story. Some children take a long time to warm up to group play. Often, these are imaginative youngsters who are quite content to amuse themselves. They may…

  17. You Won't Get Me: Therapist Responses to Patient Impression Management Tactics.

    PubMed

    Frühauf, Sarah; Figlioli, Patrick; Caspar, Franz

    2017-03-01

    In psychotherapy, therapist and patient influence each other constantly. We aimed to investigate how therapists respond to patient impression management and influence tactics. For 60 videotaped intake interviews, judges rated therapist responses to patient tactics as neutral, desired, or undesired from the patient perspective. Judges rated the therapist responses in 57% as neutral, in 40% as desired, and in 2% as undesired by the patients. The proportions of response outcomes varied across tactics. Therapist responses were unrelated to therapist and patient sex. Therapist experience was related to their responses to the tactic Supplication. Overall, some patient tactics seem to be more challenging for therapists than others. Awareness of such response tendencies can help therapists prepare their reactions to certain patient impression management and influence tactics. Implications for training and research are presented.

  18. Dying Patients Often Given Medicines That Won't Help Them

    MedlinePlus

    ... their remaining life span," said study author Lucas Morin. He is from the Aging Research Center at ... may experience when disease-directed treatments are withdrawn," Morin's team reported. The researchers suggested the need for ...

  19. "No! I Won't!": Understanding and Responding to Student Defiance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Andrea; Bondy, Elizabeth

    2007-01-01

    Student defiance, or resisting the authority of the teacher, is commonplace. In fact, some researchers have reported that the vast majority of discipline referrals are due to defiance. Due to the prevalence of childhood defiance and its potential for bringing instruction to a grinding halt, it is essential for educators to be prepared to…

  20. Minister didn't say government won't support safe staffing bill.

    PubMed

    Clark, June

    2015-03-25

    I am afraid your report on the progress of the safe nurse staffing levels bill, 'Minimum staffing ratios failed to gain Welsh Government support' (News March 11) may give an unnecessarily pessimistic picture of the situation.

  1. Children Who Won't Go to School (Separation Anxiety). Facts for Families. Number 7

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (NJ1), 2011

    2011-01-01

    Going to school is usually an exciting and enjoyable event for young children. However, for some it can cause intense fear or panic. Parents should be concerned if their child regularly complains about feeling sick or often asks to stay home from school with minor physical complaints. Not wanting to go to school may occur at any time, but is most…

  2. I won't tell: Young children show loyalty to their group by keeping group secrets.

    PubMed

    Misch, Antonia; Over, Harriet; Carpenter, Malinda

    2016-02-01

    Group loyalty is highly valued. However, little is known about young children's loyal behavior. This study tested whether 4- and 5-year-olds (N=96) remain loyal to their group even when betraying it would be materially advantageous. Children and four puppets were allocated to novel groups. Two of these puppets (either in-group or out-group members) then told children a group secret and urged them not to disclose the secret. Another puppet (not assigned to either group) then bribed children with stickers to tell the secret. Across ages, children were significantly less likely to reveal the secret in the in-group condition than in the out-group condition. Thus, even young children are willing to pay a cost to be loyal to their group.

  3. Energy loans from the World Bank: a controversy that won't go away

    SciTech Connect

    Madison, C.

    1981-03-28

    When the US withdrew support for an energy-loan facility to be affiliated with the World Bank, it reversed US policy toward Third World development and signaled the Reagan Administration's preference for linking aid and foreign policy through bilateral aid. The debate continues, however, because of the economic problems of nonoil-producing developing countries and their need to develop new energy sources. The World Bank had left the financing of energy development to the private sector until the steep price increases of the 1970s prompted it to expand its loan programs to finance oil and gas exploration in 18 countries. The bank sees this as a stabilizing influence and a justification for expanding the effort with a separate financing facility. A background summary covers the negotiation process and policy issues now under debate. (DCK)

  4. Teenage pregnancy: "having a baby won't affect me that much".

    PubMed

    Spear, H J

    2001-01-01

    This qualitative study explored the experience of pregnancy from the perspectives of female adolescents. Interviews were conducted over a 16-week period with eight pregnant students who attended an alternative school program for pregnant teens. The hermeneutic social science method based on the work of Kockelmans (1975) and Steeves and Kahn (1995) guided the analysis. Overall, participants expressed a sense of optimism and confidence in their abilities to manage single parenthood, achieve educational goals, and maintain supportive relationships with the fathers of their babies. The findings support previous research and raise questions that warrant further study, particularly in relation to fighting behaviors.

  5. He who is well prepared has half won the battle: an FMRI study of task preparation.

    PubMed

    Manelis, Anna; Reder, Lynne M

    2015-03-01

    The neural mechanism underlying preparation for tasks that vary in difficulty has not been explored. This functional magnetic resonance imaging study manipulated task difficulty by varying the working memory (WM) load of the n-back task. Each n-back task block was preceded by a preparation period involving a screen that indicated the level of difficulty of the upcoming task. Consistent with previous work, activation in some brain regions depended on WM load in the task. These regions were used as regions of interest for the univariate and multivariate (classification) analyses of preparation periods. The findings were that the patterns of brain activation during task preparation contain information about the upcoming task difficulty. (1) A support vector machine classifier was able to decode the n-back task difficulty from the patterns of brain activation during task preparation. Those individuals whose activation patterns for anticipated 1- versus 2- versus 3-back conditions were classified with higher accuracy showed better behavioral performance on the task, suggesting that task performance depends on task preparation. (2) Left inferior frontal gyrus, intraparietal sulcus, and anterior cingulate cortex parametrically decreased activation as anticipated task difficulty increased. Taken together, these results suggest dynamic involvement of the WM network not only during WM task performance, but also during task preparation.

  6. At Yale, an Unlikely Champion for "The Building that Won't Go Away"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biemiller, Lawrence

    2008-01-01

    It is most surprising that Yale University is spending $126-million to renovate and add to a 1963 Modernist building that almost everyone has hated for decades. Aside from that, the project's champion is a high-society architect whose own career refutes pretty much the whole Modernist design theology. This article talks about the renovation of…

  7. Average Won't Do: Performance Trends in California Higher Education as a Foundation for Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Colleen; Tan, Connie; Shulock, Nancy

    2014-01-01

    California's public colleges and universities are benefitting from the passage of Proposition 30 in 2012, which provides for temporary tax increases through 2018 to help preserve education funding, and will likely benefit from increasing state revenues. While additional funding will allow the three public postsecondary systems (University of…

  8. From Oasis to Mirage: The Aquifers That Won't Replenish.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Gary

    1995-01-01

    Tells the story of three fossil aquifers, in Saudi Arabia, Libya, and the United States, that are mined at nonrenewable rates for agricultural irrigation. Examines the consequences of a collision between rising consumption and falling groundwater supplies. Charts Libya's projected water needs compared to renewable supply, 1985-2030. (LZ)

  9. Build a Wind Tunnel that Won't Blow Your Budget

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzgerald, Mike

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author gives basic information on constructing a wind tunnel that teachers can use for instructional activities with their students for many years to come. He illustrates and describes the procedure and materials that he developed in constructing his own wind tunnel. This information should be viewed as a guide. (Contains 1…

  10. Stopping the Brain Drain of Skilled Veteran Teachers: Retaining and Valuing Their Hard-Won Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fibkins, William L.

    2011-01-01

    Veteran educators are being encouraged to take early retirement in order to create jobs for less-experienced, lower-paid novices. Veteran educators are not alone: early retirement promotions have become the norm for aging workers in America. Consequently, there is a brain-drain of skilled workers at the national, state, and local levels. The early…

  11. "Trouble won't last always": religious coping and meaning in the stress process.

    PubMed

    Harris, Grant M; Allen, Rebecca S; Dunn, Linda; Parmelee, Patricia

    2013-06-01

    Meaning-based coping, particularly religious coping, might lead to positive emotions in stressful situations. Religious coping is common among older adults. We explored the experience of religious coping, organizational religious affiliation, and one's relationship with God among older adults with advanced chronic illness and their caregivers. Research questions included: How is religious coping experienced in this context? How is a relationship with God experienced in coping? How is meaning experienced in this context? Brief qualitative interviews uncovered descriptions of experiences using the qualitative descriptive method. Three themes were identified: God is a provider, one's religion and relationship with God when coping are essential, and the God-person relationship is intimate. Care recipients coped through their personal relationship with God, whereas caregivers coped through religious beliefs and support. Meaning was defined as purpose, responsibility, and duty.

  12. Why It Won't Happen to Me: How Older Adolescents Make Personal Risk Assessments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapin, John; Chirico, JoAnn

    This study sought to document optimistic bias among older adolescents in the context of numerous hazards. It was among the first studies to triangulate quantitative and qualitative measures to investigate how individuals make personal risk assessments within the optimistic bias literature. Results from a small-scale survey and follow-up interviews…

  13. Setting Limits: How to Help the Child Who Won't Follow Rules

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenberg, Polly

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author provides several strategies on how to help children who will not follow rules. These strategies include: (1) allowing lots of talk time; (2) increasing small group activities; (3) reconsidering one's pacing; (4) scheduling additional free time; (5) reducing transition times; (6) reevaluating classroom rules; (7)…

  14. The Three-Cushion Shot That Won Colin Powell's Support for Affirmative Action in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lemann, Nicholas

    1999-01-01

    Presents the story of how General Colin Powell was persuaded to make a strong statement in support of affirmative action in higher education rather than supporting the Republican Party's nationwide legislative ban on affirmative action, patterned after Proposition 209 in California. (SM)

  15. The Forgotten Airman - Major General Oliver P. Echols and How He Won WWII

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-01

    Spencer’s side. He had bravely manned his guns and shot the Hun off till we escaped tho wounded. Four brave men from this Squadron, Lieut. Miller...164 AU/SAASS/FREEMAN/AY12 Introduction The procurement process itself is a weapon of war no less significant than the guns ...to advance over that ground in the next day or two and the camera would have saved many lives by uncovering new battery positions and machine- gun

  16. Teacher Education at the Crossroads: Burning Questions That Just Won't Go Away

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alter, Mark; Naiditch, Fernando

    2012-01-01

    This article identifies some critical areas regarding teacher education that need to be addressed by any institution responsible for educating teachers. The authors outline some of the paradoxical pressures that constitute the context for this crisis in teacher education and specify the kinds of basic questions that need systematic answers in…

  17. Why I Won't Be Using Rubrics to Respond to Students' Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Maja

    2007-01-01

    Maja Wilson believes that efforts to standardize language through rubrics and generalized comments provide a disservice to students and undermine the power of the reading and writing experience. She advocates making use of our subjectivity as readers, conceding that her values cannot be standardized and often shift in response to interactions with…

  18. Can the War against Child Labour Be Won? Oslo Conference Says an Emphatic "Yes."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    World of Work, 1997

    1997-01-01

    A conference on child labor sponsored by the International Labour Organization and UNICEF identified strategies for eliminating child labor and developing cooperative programs to assess the effects of child labor. (JOW)

  19. Why Won't You Do What I Want? The Informative Failures of Children and Models

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chatham, Christopher H.; Yerys, Benjamin E.; Munakata, Yuko

    2012-01-01

    Computational models are powerful tools--too powerful, according to some. We argue that the idea that models can "do anything" is wrong, and we describe how their failures have been informative. We present new work showing surprising diversity in the effects of feedback on children's task-switching, such that some children perseverate despite this…

  20. Oh, Won't You Stay? Predictors of Faculty Intent to Leave a Public Research University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, John F.; Healy, Richard; Sullivan, Jason

    2012-01-01

    Understanding and predicting faculty intent to leave is important to the development of improved conceptual frameworks of faculty success as well as the implementation of effective retention strategies for academic leaders and institutions that invest considerable resources in recruitment, institutional support, and compensation. This study…

  1. Can the War against Child Labour Be Won? Oslo Conference Says an Emphatic "Yes."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    World of Work, 1997

    1997-01-01

    A conference on child labor sponsored by the International Labour Organization and UNICEF identified strategies for eliminating child labor and developing cooperative programs to assess the effects of child labor. (JOW)

  2. Applying the Helmholtz illusion to fashion: horizontal stripes won't make you look fatter.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Peter; Mikellidou, Kyriaki

    2011-01-01

    A square composed of horizontal lines appears taller and narrower than an identical square made up of vertical lines. Reporting this illusion, Hermann von Helmholtz noted that such illusions, in which filled space seems to be larger than unfilled space, were common in everyday life, adding the observation that ladies' frocks with horizontal stripes make the figure look taller. As this assertion runs counter to modern popular belief, we have investigated whether vertical or horizontal stripes on clothing should make the wearer appear taller or fatter. We find that a rectangle of vertical stripes needs to be extended by 7.1% vertically to match the height of a square of horizontal stripes and that a rectangle of horizontal stripes must be made 4.5% wider than a square of vertical stripes to match its perceived width. This illusion holds when the horizontal or vertical lines are on the dress of a line drawing of a woman. We have examined the claim that these effects apply only for 2-dimensional figures in an experiment with 3-D cylinders and find no support for the notion that horizontal lines would be 'fattening' on clothes. Significantly, the illusion persists when the horizontal or vertical lines are on pictures of a real half-body mannequin viewed stereoscopically. All the evidence supports Helmholtz's original assertion.

  3. "They Just Won't Listen to Me": A Teacher's Guide to Positive Behavioral Interventions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rafferty, Lisa A.

    2007-01-01

    It has been estimated that as much as 20 percent of the school population may have some form of unidentified emotional or behavioral disorder; at some point in time, nearly all children exhibit problem behaviors. These behaviors often interfere with the learning environment and make it nearly impossible for teaching and learning to take place…

  4. "I Won't Write--But I'll Do Calligraphy."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Donnell, Peg; Duncan, Karen F.

    1980-01-01

    The article presents a technique for using calligraphy instruction to develop pride and skill in written expression with special students. Guidelines for the teacher cover materials needed, instructional procedures, and remedial advantages for students with handwriting problems. (SBH)

  5. At Yale, an Unlikely Champion for "The Building that Won't Go Away"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biemiller, Lawrence

    2008-01-01

    It is most surprising that Yale University is spending $126-million to renovate and add to a 1963 Modernist building that almost everyone has hated for decades. Aside from that, the project's champion is a high-society architect whose own career refutes pretty much the whole Modernist design theology. This article talks about the renovation of…

  6. America's uninsured. Rethinking the problem that won't go away.

    PubMed

    Thrall, Terese Hudson; Scalise, Dagmara

    2002-11-01

    Even as the number of uninsured Americans surpasses 41 million and continues to climb, the issue is not a front-burner concern with policy-makers, the public or even many providers. Why does this seeming apathy--and political paralysis--prevail and what will it take to galvanize health care stakeholders to action?

  7. Small Changes Won't Assure Sustainability--but Reimagining Might

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holdaway, Xarissa

    2008-01-01

    Almost every day, the author learns about new green buildings from press releases. One example is that of Arizona State University's new Biodesign Institute, a soaring, "uber"-chic, high-performance, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design-certified center. However, the author maintains that such buildings are undoubtedly a step up…

  8. Youth Work and Ethics: Why the "Professional Turn" Won't Do

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Richard

    2016-01-01

    Youth work is deemed to require a distinctive commitment to ethical behaviour from the adults involved. This is expressed in the requirements for the initial education of workers, in the subject benchmarks and national expectations for youth workers. A significant influence in this debate is Howard Sercombe. Sercombe seeks a substantive framework…

  9. When "t"-Tests or Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney Tests Won't Do

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McElduff, Fiona; Cortina-Borja, Mario; Chan, Shun-Kai; Wade, Angie

    2010-01-01

    "t"-Tests are widely used by researchers to compare the average values of a numeric outcome between two groups. If there are doubts about the suitability of the data for the requirements of a "t"-test, most notably the distribution being non-normal, the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test may be used instead. However, although often…

  10. Teacher Preparation Solutions: Rumbling for Quality Just Won't Do

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brewer, Thomas M.

    2006-01-01

    Due to rapid population growth and critical teacher shortages on the national level in today's fast-changing public school systems, we are witnessing an unprecedented crisis in higher education and teacher preparation. To better understand the current state of teacher certification and preparation, this article examines the contentious atmosphere…

  11. The Humanities: Who Won the '90s in Scholarly Book Publishing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiberley, Stephen E., Jr.

    2002-01-01

    Examines data on prize-winning books during the 1990s from the American Historical Association, American Musicological Society, the College Art Association, and the Modern Language Association. Suggests that studying awards from the leading humanities scholarly associations can tell much about the disciplines, publishing industry, and library…

  12. "You Won't Remember Me": The Schoolboys of Barbiana Speak to Today

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, Marvin

    2007-01-01

    In this volume in the "Between Teacher and Text Series", the author provides a contemporary interpretation of the 1967 text "Letter to a Teacher by the Schoolboys of Barbiana". The original text, a searing indictment of class bias in Italian schools, was released in English in 1970, and its ideas about education and…

  13. When Traditional Won't Do: Experiences from a "Lower-Level" Mathematics Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Crystal

    2010-01-01

    As the last bell rings, students scurry to their respective classrooms, doors begin to close, and the class period begins. Imagine that you are in the hallway of the school and you look into an advanced mathematics class, into an Algebra I, Part I, mathematics class (a course designed for students who have not found success in mathematics). What…

  14. Malaysia family-planning centers strive to maintain gains won in 15-year period.

    PubMed

    Roemer, R

    1968-09-12

    Family planning in Malaysia is discussed. Family planning began in Malaysia about 15 years ago through the efforts of voluntary family Planning Associations in the various Malay states. In 1966 the Malaysian Parliament passed the National Family Planning Act setting up the National FAmily Planning Board to formulate policies and methods for the promotion and spread of family planning knowledge and practice on the grounds of health of mothers and children and welfare of the family. In 1967, the board set a target of 40,000 new acceptors of family planning and 90% of the target was reached. This represents 3% of the child-bearing married women aged 15-49. The target for 1968 of 65,000 new acceptors is being achieved. A survey of acceptors is to be carried out from December 1968 to April 1969 to ascertain how many women who accepted family planning continue to practice it. Malaysia's crude birth rate declined from 46.2 in 1957 to 37.3 in 1966 before the government program was instituted. Abortion attempts have been frequent. The main method of contraception used is oral contraceptives. According to a 1957 survey, 31% of the married women in the metropolitan areas and 2% of rural women were using contraception. Presently, in Malaysia there is a need to: 1) train personnel to provide services, 2) inform and motivate families to accept family planning, 3) continue a broad educational program, 4) reform Malaysia's antiquated abortion law, and 5) integrate family planning services more fully into the general health services of the country.

  15. When Talking Won't Work: Implementing Experiential Group Activities with Addicted Clients

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hagedorn, W. Bryce; Hirshhorn, Meredith A.

    2009-01-01

    Traditional talk therapy, particularly cognitive behavioral techniques, are often ineffective when working with addicted clients for many reasons. By tapping into the power of the group modality, experiential activities can serve as a powerful facilitator of insight and behavior change. The authors provide a brief review of the literature followed…

  16. Who decides who has won the bet? Total and Anthropogenic Warming Indices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haustein, K.; Allen, M. R.; Otto, F. E. L.; Schmidt, A.; Frame, D. J.; Forster, P.; Matthews, D.

    2016-12-01

    An extension of the idea of betting markets as a means of revealing opinions about future climate are climate policies indexed to geophysical indicators: for example, to ensure net zero global carbon dioxide emissions by the time anthropogenic warming reaches 1.5 degrees above pre-industrial, given about 1 degree of warming already, emissions must fall, on average, by 20% of their current value for every tenth of a degree of anthropogenic warming from now on. In principle, policies conditioned on some measure of attributable warming are robust to uncertainty in the global climate response: the risk of a higher or lower response than expected is borne by those affected by climate change mitigation policy rather than those affected by climate change impacts, as is the case with emission targets for specific years based on "current understanding" of the response. To implement any indexed policy, or to agree payout terms for any bet on future climate, requires consensus on the definition of the index: how is it calculated, and who is responsible for releasing it? The global mean surface temperature of the current decade relative to pre-industrial may vary by 0.1 degree or more depending on precisely what is measured, what is defined as pre-industrial, and the treatment of regions with sparse data coverage in earlier years. Indices defined using different conventions, however, are all expected to evolve very similarly over the coming decades, so agreeing on a conservative, traceable index such as HadCRUT is more important than debating the "true" global temperature. A more important question is whether indexed policies and betting markets should focus on total warming, including natural and anthropogenic drivers and internal variability, or an Anthropogenic Warming Index (AWI) representing an unbiased estimate of warming attributable to human influence to date. We propose a simple AWI based solely on observed temperatures and global natural and anthropogenic forcing estimates. It is much less volatile than total observed warming, which might discourage participation in betting markets, but would be a substantial advantage for indexed policies. It is also much more relevant to the UNFCCC goal of limiting anthropogenic warming to "well below" 2 degrees. The 2016 value for the AWI will be announced at AGU.

  17. How Superstition Won and Science Lost. Popularizing Science and Health in the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burnham, John C.

    This book studies the history of changing patterns in the dissemination, or popularization of scientific findings, to the general public since 1830. It focuses on three different areas of science: (1) health; (2) psychology; and (3) the natural sciences. The document explores the ways in which this process of popularization has deteriorated. It…

  18. "We're Number One!" How a First-Year Principal Won South Carolina's "Finest" Award.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pitts, Elizabeth

    1982-01-01

    Describes a number of specific projects undertaken by the new principal of an elementary school in Myrtle Beach (South Carolina) to build staff support and morale, student enthusiasm, and parent and community involvement. (PGD)

  19. Middle management terminations: things HR probably won't tell you.

    PubMed

    Snuttjer, Denise

    2002-01-01

    Being a manager or director, you may have received training for how to prepare your subordinates for layoffs or terminations. But, would you be prepared if the employee being terminated were you? Termination practice rules for a manager are very different from the rules required for a staff employee. There are many things you can do ahead of time to help you respond to being terminated: Keep copies of important information at home. If you are terminated, you may be asked to go home without going back to your office for an extended time. If you are given time to consider options, you will do that from your home. Keep a copy of an updated resume on file. If you do not have internet, email or fax capabilities at your home, get them. Many companies offer ongoing education as a benefit option. Take advantage of it. Ongoing education will keep as many doors open as possible as you look for another job. Keep copies of summary plan descriptions of your benefits, especially your retirement plan. To be prepared for change, you should know the "street value" of the benefits that you require. Make sure you have an attorney you can trust. Find out how many years of experience in employment law he or she has. Also, make sure your current attorney would not have a conflict of interest in handling your case against your company. There are no set laws for severance benefits, but your company may have a policy based on the years of service and the level of management. Upon receipt of a severance agreement, you should have it reviewed by your attorney. You will be given a time frame within which to sign or to respond to the proposal. The company will offer the least amount they feel you will accept, and it is appropriate to negotiate the severance agreement. Termination is not the time to make amends for hard feelings that may have been created in the workplace. The advice, "Always be a little nicer than you have to be," will bear fruit when you are looking for a new job. Your reputation will precede you. Remember that your job does not define who you are. You are defined by the endless decisions you have made, actions you have taken, the relationships you have built and the values you have portrayed. Your job description may change, but you will not. If you have done your job in a way that you can be proud of, then you have been successful. Change can be difficult, but change is always easier if you are prepared. Job changes are not always within your control, but preparing to accept the change is something that managers can control.

  20. Oh, Won't You Stay? Predictors of Faculty Intent to Leave a Public Research University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, John F.; Healy, Richard; Sullivan, Jason

    2012-01-01

    Understanding and predicting faculty intent to leave is important to the development of improved conceptual frameworks of faculty success as well as the implementation of effective retention strategies for academic leaders and institutions that invest considerable resources in recruitment, institutional support, and compensation. This study…

  1. Oh, Won't You Stay? Predictors of Faculty Intent to Leave a Public Research University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, John F.; Healy, Richard; Sullivan, Jason

    2009-01-01

    Understanding and predicting faculty intent to leave is important to the development of improved conceptual frameworks of faculty success as well as the implementation of effective retention strategies for academic leaders and institutions that invest considerable resources in recruitment, institutional support, and compensation. This study…

  2. When Nice Won't Suffice: Honest Discourse Is Key to Shifting School Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacDonald, Elisa

    2011-01-01

    The "culture of nice" is the underlying culture that inhibits a team of teachers from reaching a level of rigorous collaborative discourse where teachers are challenging each other's and their own thinking, beliefs, assumptions, and practice. This article discusses how honest discourse can be the key to shifting school culture. The act of…

  3. Applying the Helmholtz illusion to fashion: horizontal stripes won't make you look fatter

    PubMed Central

    Thompson, Peter; Mikellidou, Kyriaki

    2011-01-01

    A square composed of horizontal lines appears taller and narrower than an identical square made up of vertical lines. Reporting this illusion, Hermann von Helmholtz noted that such illusions, in which filled space seems to be larger than unfilled space, were common in everyday life, adding the observation that ladies' frocks with horizontal stripes make the figure look taller. As this assertion runs counter to modern popular belief, we have investigated whether vertical or horizontal stripes on clothing should make the wearer appear taller or fatter. We find that a rectangle of vertical stripes needs to be extended by 7.1% vertically to match the height of a square of horizontal stripes and that a rectangle of horizontal stripes must be made 4.5% wider than a square of vertical stripes to match its perceived width. This illusion holds when the horizontal or vertical lines are on the dress of a line drawing of a woman. We have examined the claim that these effects apply only for 2-dimensional figures in an experiment with 3-D cylinders and find no support for the notion that horizontal lines would be ‘fattening’ on clothes. Significantly, the illusion persists when the horizontal or vertical lines are on pictures of a real half-body mannequin viewed stereoscopically. All the evidence supports Helmholtz's original assertion. PMID:23145226

  4. Oh, Won't You Stay: A Multilevel Analysis of the Difficulties in Retaining Qualified Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strunk, Katharine Omenn; Robinson, Joseph Paul

    2006-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 requires that every classroom be staffed with a "qualified teacher." A growing literature is focusing on what causes teachers to leave their jobs and/or the teaching occupation, rather than solely on factors influencing teacher recruitment. This article uses nationally representative data from the…

  5. Can Compute, Won't Compute: Women's Participation in the Culture of Computing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Fiona

    2003-01-01

    Surveys of 130 psychology students and 52 computer science students (20 of the latter were interviewed) indicated that more males read computer magazines and were confident in computer use. Many did not perceive an equity problem. Men seemed to feel the equity situation is improving. Some felt that women do not enjoy computing as much as men and…

  6. EPA`s White Paper won`t ease everyone`s Title V headaches

    SciTech Connect

    Merrill, J.W.

    1996-01-01

    The Environmental Protection Agency issued a White Paper for Streamlined Development of a Part 70 Permit Application. The paper was developed in response to industry`s and permitting authorities` concerns that the current permitting process is costly and burdensome. The paper comes on the heels of a recent congressional debate over EPA cutbacks and intervention in the air program. This policy statement appears to be an attempt to keep Congress at bay while appeasing industry in the wake of numerous lawsuits which were filed after the original Part 70 regulations were issued. The White Paper acknowledges the lack of clarity in the original Part 70 permit program, and attempts to limit the scope and responsibility that sources have in preparing a complete Title 5 application. Unfortunately for many sources, states already have initiated their Title 5 programs and, in many cases, already have requested application submittals. It is unlikely that these states will be able to revise state laws, regulations and applications in time for sources to take advantage of the change in EPA`s position.

  7. You Won't Lay an Egg with the Bald Headed Chicken.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gammon, Gareth H.

    1989-01-01

    A computer program titled "The Bald Headed Chicken," written for the Apple IIE and Apple IIGS, is described. The program enables primary-level students, as well as limited-English-speaking students, to manipulate graphics and text to create their own stories which can then be saved on disk or printed. (Author/JDD)

  8. Optimization Tradecraft: Hard-Won Insights from Real-World Decision Support

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-01

    other and win it. If we do not have the option of selecting our favorites of 20 available war plans for such potential engagements, we might have to...maximizing some gauge of sce- nario fulfillment. Whatever plan you select , do your best to document with exquisite clarity your assump- tions and compromises...between you and your sponsor, or between the spon- sor and a supplier , superior, or even the IRS. A written problem description or model statement could

  9. When Face to Face Won't Work: Internet-Based Focus Groups.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Robert S.; Rule, Sarah

    Faculty at Utah State University sought to modify a curriculum for teaching professionals the skills of naturalistic intervention with preschool children with disabilities to make it suitable for primary caregivers, and then to offer the modified curriculum over the Internet to maximize caregiver access. The curriculum development team decided to…

  10. Teacher Preparation Solutions: Rumbling for Quality Just Won't Do

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brewer, Thomas M.

    2006-01-01

    Due to rapid population growth and critical teacher shortages on the national level in today's fast-changing public school systems, we are witnessing an unprecedented crisis in higher education and teacher preparation. To better understand the current state of teacher certification and preparation, this article examines the contentious atmosphere…

  11. 47 CFR 24.712 - Bidding credits for licenses won for frequency Block C.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... business, as defined in § 24.720(b)(1), or a consortium of small businesses may use a bidding credit of..., a winning bidder that qualifies as a very small business, as defined in § 24.720(b)(2), or a consortium of very small businesses may use a bidding credit of twenty-five percent as specified in §...

  12. Who Won the Cold War? A Learning Packet for Secondary Level Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kansas Univ., Lawrence. Center for Russian and East European Studies.

    Realizing that the Cold War is a topic that often is neglected as time runs short at the end of a school year, a group of University of Kansas (Lawrence) educators sought to create effective classroom materials for secondary/community college instructors to teach about the Cold War. The group's main goal was to create a flexible model that…

  13. The Status of Projective Techniques: Or, "Wishing Won't Make It Go Away."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piotrowski, Chris

    The predicted decline in usefulness and emphasis of projective techniques was analyzed from several different perspectives including the academic community, members of the American Psychological Association (APA) Division 12, internship centers, the applied clinical setting, and private practitioners. In addition, an extensive review of empirical,…

  14. Patching Bits Won't Fix Vocational Education in Australia--A New Model Is Needed

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wheelahan, Leesa

    2016-01-01

    Australia's vocational education and training (VET) qualifications comprise units of competency that are bundled together in qualifications and nestled in training packages developed for particular industries. This article argues that this model is broken and cannot be fixed by patching bits of the system. Competency-based training (CBT) is based…

  15. What the Wind Won't Take Away: The Oral History of an African Foraging Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shostak, Marjorie

    1987-01-01

    Describes the author's research with an African hunter-gatherer society and the collection of oral life histories of its members. Discusses five questions about the uses of personal narrative such as "Can personal narrative be used as ethnography?" Concludes that no better tool exists to describe the human condition than the personal…

  16. That I won't translate! Experiences of a family medical interpreter in a multicultural environment.

    PubMed

    Seidelman, Rhona D; Bachner, Yaacov G

    2010-01-01

    Family members used as patients' interpreters are a common occurrence in the medical environments of multicultural societies. It is recognized that the use of the family-member interpreter may have some benefits. However, studies show that this option also has substantial disadvantages and therefore suggest that the use of professional medical interpreters is the preferable option for effective quality care. The purpose of the current study is to present the narrative of a family-member interpreter in Israel, a diverse immigrant society. While numerous studies have been done on the challenges in the doctor-interpreter-patient medical encounter, these studies tend to focus on the experiences of the physicians or the patients, and the perspective of the interpreter is often sidelined. After discussing the various interpreting options, we suggest that the perspective of the family-member interpreter strengthens assertions that professional interpretation is the best option for multilingual medical environments. 2010 Mount Sinai School of Medicine.

  17. Mission Organization: How One Program Tackled Their Parent Handbook and Won

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Debra

    2007-01-01

    Early care and education center directors have a whole host of reasons for printing comprehensive and informative parent handbooks. The parents of the children who attend early care and education centers have their own set of expectations and needs for information contained in parent handbooks. When these sets of needs and expectations collide, it…

  18. Rheumatic disease in wartime: gouty generals in battles lost or won.

    PubMed

    Pinals, Robert S

    2014-10-01

    Leadership by a commander is an important determinant of military outcomes. This report describes 2 19th-century wars in which the commanding general was afflicted with severe, disabling gout. In the First Afghan War (1839-1942), the result was disastrous, but in the Spanish-American War (1898), subordinates ignored the general's orders and saved the day.

  19. When Protein Crystallography Won't Show You the Membranes (446th Brookhaven Lecture)

    SciTech Connect

    Yan, Lin

    2009-02-18

    High fever, stomach ache, coughing, sneezing, and fatigue -- these are all painful signs that you may have caught the flu virus. But how does your body actually 'catch' a virus? Somewhere along the way, the virus infected your body by penetrating the membranes, or surfaces, of some of your body's cells. And then it spreads. Cell membranes are permeable surfaces made of proteins and lipids that allow vital materials to enter and exit cells. Many proteins and cell structures are studied at Brookhaven's National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) using a procedure called protein crystallography. But they sometimes have unique characteristics that do not allow them to be easily studied using this widely adopted method. These characteristics make it difficult to understand the cell membrane structure and its ability to both welcome and refuse certain materials and viruses, such as the flu, on behalf of the cell's internal components. Yang will explain the protein crystallography procedure, the simple structure of the cell membrane, and the unusual characteristics of its proteins and lipids. He will also discuss a new, unique method being developed at the NSLS to study proteins and lipids within their native environment as they form the essential permeable surface of a cell membrane.

  20. Why Won't You Do What I Want? The Informative Failures of Children and Models

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chatham, Christopher H.; Yerys, Benjamin E.; Munakata, Yuko

    2012-01-01

    Computational models are powerful tools--too powerful, according to some. We argue that the idea that models can "do anything" is wrong, and we describe how their failures have been informative. We present new work showing surprising diversity in the effects of feedback on children's task-switching, such that some children perseverate despite this…

  1. Why won't they listen: Negotiating the technological and social context for science teaching

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liuzzo, Anna M.

    The purpose of this study was to gather information to identify the obstacles and the impact an implementation of technology had in a middle school science classroom. This study explored a teaching environment where the teacher planned on using a variety of technology tools including laptops, probeware, hardware and software to promote scientific study. This study took place in two phases consisting of three consecutive years. In phase one the teacher reported great success. In phase two a shift in the school implementation created a significant impact on the learning taking place. This study identified the obstacles faced by a teacher providing an environment that combined her pedagogy with technology implementation. This teacher's pedagogy included research-based practices such a authentic problem-based learning, scientific inquiry, conceptual understanding of problem solving, connections to real-life situations and the use of metacognition in her practice. This study looked to determined if this implementation had an effect on student engagement and achievement; how the nature of technical and professional development impacted the implementation; and the barriers that were faced in creating a student-centered, technology rich approach to science. This qualitative study was conducted meeting the criteria of a case study of one teacher. The participant teacher's accounts of events through interviews were the primary source of data. In addition, multiple sources of information were also gathered. These included the teacher's reflective journal, student interviews, student focus groups, student artifacts, classroom observations, field notes, e-mail correspondences and students' test scores. This study proposes to contribute to the growing research evidence of implementation in the classroom and to identify specific obstacles that hinder success. The current state of education is calling for reform.

  2. When the Battle is Lost and Won: Delayed Chest Closure After Bilateral Lung Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Soresi, Simona; Sabashnikov, Anton; Weymann, Alexander; Zeriouh, Mohamed; Simon, André R.; Popov, Aron-Frederik

    2015-01-01

    In this article we summarize benefits of delayed chest closure strategy in lung transplantation, addressing indications, different surgical techniques, and additional perioperative treatment. Delayed chest closure seems to be a valuable and safe strategy in managing patients with various conditions after lung transplantation, such as instable hemodynamics, need for high respiratory pressures, coagulopathy, and size mismatch. Therefore, this approach should be considered in lung transplant centers to give patients time to recover before the chest is closed. PMID:26456363

  3. Why Won't They Listen: Negotiating the Technological and Social Context for Science Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liuzzo, Anna M.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to gather information to identify the obstacles and the impact an implementation of technology had in a middle school science classroom. This study explored a teaching environment where the teacher planned on using a variety of technology tools including laptops, probeware, hardware and software to promote scientific…

  4. As cost of living grows, a 1% rise won't go far.

    PubMed

    Walker, Christine

    2016-01-20

    A pay rise of no more than 1% is what nurses in England can expect in the coming year. This - coupled with fewer automatic incremental pay increases year on year under the national pay system Agenda for Change and more links to performance - is in the health department's main evidence to the independent pay review body.

  5. Between Teacher & Parent: Helping the Child Who Won't Join the Group

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodkin, Adele M.

    2004-01-01

    This article deals with the problem between the teacher and parent of a child who will not participate in group activities. Here, the author features the teacher's story as well as the parent's story. Some children take a long time to warm up to group play. Often, these are imaginative youngsters who are quite content to amuse themselves. They may…

  6. Report from Oslo conference. Can the war against child labour be won? Oslo conference says an emphatic "yes".

    PubMed

    1997-12-01

    Worldwide, about 250 million children work, often in exploitative and dangerous conditions. Child labor is most prevalent in the less developed countries, with 61% of the world's total child laborers being in Asia, 32% in Africa, and 7% in Latin America. The government of Norway, together with the International Labor Organization (ILO) and UNICEF, recently organized an international conference to organize action against child labor. 350 high-level representatives from governments, workers' and employers' organizations, nongovernmental organizations, and a number of international organizations and independent experts attended. The ILO Director-General proposed a 4-point strategy involving a political commitment to the effective and absolute abolition of child labor; a program of action involving prevention, removal, and rehabilitation; adoption of a new international convention to end all extreme forms of child labor; and a global agreement for international cooperation and mutual assistance to allocate more resources against poverty and child labor. The strategy would also fight the international aspects of the problem, such as the sale and trafficking of children and child sex tourism.

  7. Why National Standards Won't Fix American Education: Misalignment of Power and Incentives. Backgrounder. No. 2413

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Lindsey M.; Marshall, Jennifer A.

    2010-01-01

    American education needs to be fixed, but national standards and testing are not the way to do it. The problems that need fixing are too deeply ingrained in the power and incentive structure of the public education system, and the renewed focus on national standards threatens to distract from the fundamental issues. Besides, federal control over…

  8. Breaking Up Is Hard to Do...When Your Downloaded File Won't Fit into Your Word Processor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koga, James S.

    1989-01-01

    Discussion of lack of room when downloading long searches onto a word processor focuses on three remedies: (1) choosing the right word processor; (2) using a utility program, such as CHOP2 or SPLIT.EXE; and (3) using the EDLIN program, which is part of a DOS disk. (five references) (LRW)

  9. Can't Count or Won't Count? Embedding Quantitative Methods in Substantive Sociology Curricula: A Quasi-Experiment.

    PubMed

    Williams, Malcolm; Sloan, Luke; Cheung, Sin Yi; Sutton, Carole; Stevens, Sebastian; Runham, Libby

    2016-06-01

    This paper reports on a quasi-experiment in which quantitative methods (QM) are embedded within a substantive sociology module. Through measuring student attitudes before and after the intervention alongside control group comparisons, we illustrate the impact that embedding has on the student experience. Our findings are complex and even contradictory. Whilst the experimental group were less likely to be distrustful of statistics and appreciate how QM inform social research, they were also less confident about their statistical abilities, suggesting that through 'doing' quantitative sociology the experimental group are exposed to the intricacies of method and their optimism about their own abilities is challenged. We conclude that embedding QM in a single substantive module is not a 'magic bullet' and that a wider programme of content and assessment diversification across the curriculum is preferential.

  10. "We Won't Hurt You Butterfly!" Second-Graders Become Environmental Stewards from Experiences in a School Garden

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher-Maltese, Carley

    2016-01-01

    This is an important time to catalyze hope about the environment instead of fear and despair. One such opportunity for hope lies in school garden programs. Most of the scant studies on these settings investigate the health/nutritional impacts, science learning potential, or emotional dispositions of students. However, few studies examine the…

  11. The association between computer use and cognition across adulthood: use it so you won't lose it?

    PubMed

    Tun, Patricia A; Lachman, Margie E

    2010-09-01

    Understanding the association between computer use and adult cognition has been limited until now by self-selected samples with restricted ranges of age and education. Here we studied effects of computer use in a large national sample (N = 2,671) of adults aged 32-84, assessing cognition with the Brief Test of Adult Cognition by Telephone (Tun & Lachman, 2005) and executive function with the Stop and Go Switch Task (Tun & Lachman, 2008). Frequency of computer activity was associated with cognitive performance after controlling for age, sex, education, and health status: That is, individuals who used the computer frequently scored significantly higher than those who seldom used the computer. Greater computer use was also associated with better executive function on a task-switching test, even after controlling for basic cognitive ability as well as demographic variables. These findings suggest that frequent computer activity is associated with good cognitive function, particularly executive control, across adulthood into old age, especially for those with lower intellectual ability.

  12. "We Won't Get Ahead Speaking like That!" Expressing and Managing Language Criticism in Hawai'i

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marlow, Mikaela L.; Giles, Howard

    2010-01-01

    Ample research has explored language attitudes and speaker evaluations, yet it has not attended to direct incidences of language criticism. This article presents evidence demonstrating that a majority of those surveyed in Hawai'i have experienced language criticism. Coded data suggest that criticism takes place during employment, educational,…

  13. "Let's See if It Won't Go Away by Itself." LGBT Microaggressions among Teachers in South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Dennis A.; Reygan, Finn

    2016-01-01

    We explored types and qualities of microaggressions or subtle forms of discrimination towards lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people among teachers in South Africa. For data collection, we used in-depth interviews. Twenty-five Life Orientation teachers, nine men and 16 women, from both rural and urban schools throughout the Free…

  14. What you can't feel won't hurt you: Evaluating haptic hardware using a haptic contrast sensitivity function.

    PubMed

    Salisbury, C M; Gillespie, R B; Tan, H Z; Barbagli, F; Salisbury, J K

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we extend the concept of the contrast sensitivity function - used to evaluate video projectors - to the evaluation of haptic devices. We propose using human observers to determine if vibrations rendered using a given haptic device are accompanied by artifacts detectable to humans. This determination produces a performance measure that carries particular relevance to applications involving texture rendering. For cases in which a device produces detectable artifacts, we have developed a protocol that localizes deficiencies in device design and/or hardware implementation. In this paper, we present results from human vibration detection experiments carried out using three commercial haptic devices and one high performance voice coil motor. We found that all three commercial devices produced perceptible artifacts when rendering vibrations near human detection thresholds. Our protocol allowed us to pinpoint the deficiencies, however, and we were able to show that minor modifications to the haptic hardware were sufficient to make these devices well suited for rendering vibrations, and by extension, the vibratory components of textures. We generalize our findings to provide quantitative design guidelines that ensure the ability of haptic devices to proficiently render the vibratory components of textures.

  15. Why "What Works" Won't Work: Evidence-Based Practice and the Democratic Deficit in Educational Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biesta, Gert

    2007-01-01

    In this essay, Gert Biesta provides a critical analysis of the idea of evidence-based practice and the ways in which it has been promoted and implemented in the field of education, focusing on the tension between scientific and democratic control over educational practice and research. Biesta examines three key assumptions of evidence-based…

  16. "Let's See if It Won't Go Away by Itself." LGBT Microaggressions among Teachers in South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Dennis A.; Reygan, Finn

    2016-01-01

    We explored types and qualities of microaggressions or subtle forms of discrimination towards lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people among teachers in South Africa. For data collection, we used in-depth interviews. Twenty-five Life Orientation teachers, nine men and 16 women, from both rural and urban schools throughout the Free…

  17. The European Universities, Citizenship and Its Limits: What Won't Solve the Problems of Our Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lock, Grahame; Martins, Herminio

    2009-01-01

    This article attempts to weave together in an original manner a number of themes regarding citizenship and higher education in Europe. Thus, the authors look critically at the notion of citizenship itself; its role in Aristotle and in Hegel's state-versus-civil-society contrast; its relation to the world of work or labour; its connection with the…

  18. We Won't Get Fooled Again: On the Absence of Angry Responses to Plagiarism in Composition Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robillard, Amy E.

    2007-01-01

    This is an article about the complex relationship between anger and plagiarism in composition studies. Here, the author brings into dialogue two strands of inquiry that have shaped recent disciplinary conversations in composition studies but that have yet to publicly influence each other. Because emotions and authorship have both been perceived…

  19. All Might Have Won, But Not All Have the Prize: Optimal Treatment for Substance Abuse Among Adolescents with Conduct Problems

    PubMed Central

    Spas, Jayson; Ramsey, Susan; Paiva, Andrea L.; Stein, L.A.R.

    2012-01-01

    Considerable evidence from the literature on treatment outcomes indicates that substance abuse treatment among adolescents with conduct problems varies widely. Treatments commonly used among this population are cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), 12-step facilitation, multisystemic therapy (MST), psychoeducation (PE), and motivational interviewing (MI). This manuscript thoroughly and systematically reviews the available literature to determine which treatment is optimal for substance-abusing adolescents with conduct problems. Results suggest that although there are several evidence-based and empirically supported treatments, those that incorporate family-based intervention consistently provide the most positive treatment outcomes. In particular, this review further reveals that although many interventions have gained empirical support over the years, only one holds the prize as being the optimal treatment of choice for substance abuse treatment among adolescents with conduct problems. PMID:23170066

  20. There's More to Groove than Bass in Electronic Dance Music: Why Some People Won't Dance to Techno.

    PubMed

    Wesolowski, Brian C; Hofmann, Alex

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between audio descriptors for groove-based electronic dance music (EDM) and raters' perceived cognitive, affective, and psychomotor responses. From 198 musical excerpts (length: 15 sec.) representing 11 subgenres of EDM, 19 low-level audio feature descriptors were extracted. A principal component analysis of the feature vectors indicated that the musical excerpts could effectively be classified using five complex measures, describing the rhythmical properties of: (a) the high-frequency band, (b) the mid-frequency band, and (c) the low-frequency band, as well as overall fluctuations in (d) dynamics, and (e) timbres. Using these five complex audio measures, four meaningful clusters of the EDM excerpts emerged with distinct musical attributes comprising music with: (a) isochronous bass and static timbres, (b) isochronous bass with fluctuating dynamics and rhythmical variations in the mid-frequency range, (c) non-isochronous bass and fluctuating timbres, and (d) non-isochronous bass with rhythmical variations in the high frequencies. Raters (N = 99) were each asked to respond to four musical excerpts using a four point Likert-Type scale consisting of items representing cognitive (n = 9), affective (n = 9), and psychomotor (n = 3) domains. Musical excerpts falling under the cluster of "non-isochronous bass with rhythmical variations in the high frequencies" demonstrated the overall highest composite scores as evaluated by the raters. Musical samples falling under the cluster of "isochronous bass with static timbres" demonstrated the overall lowest composite scores as evaluated by the raters. Moreover, music preference was shown to significantly affect the systematic patterning of raters' responses for those with a musical preference for "contemporary" music, "sophisticated" music, and "intense" music.

  1. All might have won, but not all have the prize: optimal treatment for substance abuse among adolescents with conduct problems.

    PubMed

    Spas, Jayson; Ramsey, Susan; Paiva, Andrea L; Stein, L A R

    2012-01-01

    Considerable evidence from the literature on treatment outcomes indicates that substance abuse treatment among adolescents with conduct problems varies widely. Treatments commonly used among this population are cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), 12-step facilitation, multisystemic therapy (MST), psychoeducation (PE), and motivational interviewing (MI). This manuscript thoroughly and systematically reviews the available literature to determine which treatment is optimal for substance-abusing adolescents with conduct problems. Results suggest that although there are several evidence-based and empirically supported treatments, those that incorporate family-based intervention consistently provide the most positive treatment outcomes. In particular, this review further reveals that although many interventions have gained empirical support over the years, only one holds the prize as being the optimal treatment of choice for substance abuse treatment among adolescents with conduct problems.

  2. "We Won't Get Ahead Speaking like That!" Expressing and Managing Language Criticism in Hawai'i

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marlow, Mikaela L.; Giles, Howard

    2010-01-01

    Ample research has explored language attitudes and speaker evaluations, yet it has not attended to direct incidences of language criticism. This article presents evidence demonstrating that a majority of those surveyed in Hawai'i have experienced language criticism. Coded data suggest that criticism takes place during employment, educational,…

  3. The Disruptive or ADHD Child: What to Do when Kids Won't Sit Still and Be Quiet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Mary N.

    2005-01-01

    Successful intervention for severely disruptive children is likely to require effort and collaboration among pediatric mental health specialists, parents, and school staff. Children with severe disruptive behavior disorders usually require follow-up with credentialed pediatric mental health specialists and may need special classrooms, schools, or…

  4. A field guide to real-time culture change: just "rolling out" a training program won't cut it.

    PubMed

    Kusy, Mitchell; Holloway, Elizabeth L

    2014-01-01

    Presented as a representative case of how to handle the disruptive behaviors of professionals in healthcare, this article describes the strategies of a systems approach with a five-phase model for culture change. The "large-scale, real-time" culture change process, based on our own evidence-based research on toxic behaviors and the research of others, has been demonstrated to be more effective than one-on-one feedback to change these behaviors. The real-time approach has been applied to other organizational situations--strategy formulation, change management, or service improvement--with more sustainable effects than simply training alone. This article will help your organization with four outcomes: understanding the rationale for a five-phase model for cultural change, describing the advantages of a real-time versus nonreal-time approach to change, identifying the how-to's for application within a systems approach, and articulating a clear evaluation process to sustain successful organizational culture change.

  5. From fission to fusion: a perspective on the research that won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 2013.

    PubMed

    Ray, Krishanu

    2014-03-01

    Secretion is widespread in all eukaryotic cells: all of us experience this in the course of daily life--saliva, mucus, sweat, tears, bile juice, adrenalin, etc.--the list is extremely long. How does a cell manage to repeatedly spit out some stuff without losing the rest? The answer is: through regulated vesicle trafficking within the cell. The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2013 was awarded to Drs Randy Schekman, James E Rothman and Thomas C Südhof for their 'discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells'. Dr Randy Schekman and his colleagues discovered a number of genes required for vesicle trafficking from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi; the James E Rothman group unravelled the protein machinery that allows vesicles to bud off from the membrane and fuse to their targets; and Dr Thomas C Südhof along with his colleagues revealed how calcium ions could instruct vesicles to fuse and discharge their contents with precision. These enabled the biotechnology industry to produce a variety of pharmaceutical and industrial products like insulin and hepatitis B vaccines, in a cost-efficient manner, using yeast and tissue cultured cells.

  6. Sound Bites Won't Prepare the Next Generation: Early Childhood Teacher Education Policy Public-Private Divide in Massachusetts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbate-Vaughn, Jorgelina; Paugh, Patricia C.; Douglass, Anne

    2011-01-01

    The political emphasis on early education speaks of growing expectations for equal access and the need to ensure quality--by way of standard accountability measures--on behalf of all young children. A central element in the improvement of early education focuses on teacher quality. In this article we examine and discuss the challenges related to…

  7. "Drinking won't get you thinking": a content analysis of adolescent-created print alcohol counter-advertisements.

    PubMed

    Banerjee, Smita C; Greene, Kathryn; Hecht, Michael L; Magsamen-Conrad, Kate; Elek, Elvira

    2013-01-01

    Involvement in creating antialcohol advertisements generates enthusiasm among adolescents; however, little is known about the messages adolescents develop for these activities. In this article, we present a content analysis of 72 print alcohol counteradvertisements created by high school (age 14-17 years old) and college (18-25 years old) students. The posters were content analyzed for poster message content, persuasion strategies, and production components, and we compared high school and college student posters. All of the posters used a slogan to highlight the main point/message of the ad and counterarguments/consequences to support the slogans. The most frequently depicted consequences were negative consequences of alcohol use, followed by negative-positive consequence comparison. Persuasion strategies were sparingly used in advertisements and included having fun/one of the gang, humor/unexpected, glamour/sex appeal, and endorsement. Finally, posters displayed a number of production techniques including depicting people, clear setting, multiple colors, different font sizes, and object placement. College and high school student-constructed posters were similar on many features (e.g., posters displayed similar frequency of utilization of slogans, negative consequences, and positive-negative consequence comparisons), but were different on the use of positive consequences of not using alcohol and before-after comparisons. Implications for teaching media literacy and involving adolescents and youth in developing alcohol prevention messages are discussed.

  8. What You Don't Know Won't Hurt Me: Impression Management Functions of Communication Channels in Relationships.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Sullivan, Patrick B.

    2000-01-01

    Addresses the implications of interpersonal communication technology use for personal relationships. Tests elements of an impression management model, which specifies the processes and outcomes of strategic uses of channel and message for self-presentational goals. Supports a functional perspective that views mediated communication channels as a…

  9. It Won't Happen to Me: The Role of Optimistic Bias in African-American Teens' Risky Sexual Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapin, John

    Discovering why adolescents take sexual risks, despite knowledge of consequences, is a vital first step in combating the problem. Optimistic bias, the misperception that one is less likely than others to experience negative consequences from health behaviors, offers a promising explanation for adolescents' sexual risk-taking. Unfortunately,…

  10. The Jung-White dialogue and why it couldn't work and won't go away.

    PubMed

    Dourley, John P

    2007-06-01

    White's Thomism and its Aristotelian foundation were at the heart of his differences with Jung over the fifteen years of their dialogue. The paper examines the precedents and consequences of the imposition of Thomism on the Catholic Church in 1879 in order to clarify the presuppositions White carried into his dialogue with Jung. It then selects two of Jung's major letters to White to show how their dialogue influenced Jung's later substantial work, especially his Answer to Job. The dialogue with White contributed to foundational elements in the older Jung's development of his myth which simply outstripped White's theological imagination and continues to challenge the worlds of contemporary monotheistic orthodoxy in all their variants.

  11. Afghanistan: A War That Can Only Be Won via the Concentration of United States Elements of National Power

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-04

    Advanced Warfighting School in partial satisfaction of the requirements of a Master of Science Degree in Joint Campaign Planning and Strategy. The...its National Security Strategy. Next, the paper addresses the grave threat posed by the Islamic Revolutionary Movement (IRM). JWT, coupled with the...support them. This declaration, coupled 1 U.S. President. National Security Strategy, “The National

  12. They Won't Accept the What of Science If They Don't Get the Why and How

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holt, Rush

    2016-03-01

    Denial of evidence by policy makers on controversial issues, substituting ideology for research-based findings, and suspicion of scientists of bias or even conspiracy are all enormously distasteful and sometimes bewildering to scientists. Whatever the subject-climate change, nuclear power, or GMO's- scientists should understand that the problems originate, not with demagogic or misguided politicians, but rather with millions of Americans who do not appreciate the essence of science and have a poor understanding of the basic nature and procedures of science. The public appreciation of science shows signs of further erosion, suggesting that the problems may get even worse in the future. Scientists do little to help the problem by insistently trying to teach the specifics of the controversial subjects, however clearly and logically, when the public does not even understand how science works.

  13. 'Why I won't eat': patient testimony from 15 anorexics concerning the causes of their disorder.

    PubMed

    Dignon, Andrée; Beardsmore, Angela; Spain, Sean; Kuan, Ann

    2006-11-01

    The following article describes the reasons given by 15 anorexic patients for their illness. The patients were asked the following question in an open-ended interview-'What would you say were the causes of your illness?' In reply detailed complex narratives were gathered from which a number of themes could be identified. These included unhappiness, control, being in a downward spiral, obsession and perfectionism. Most patients, for example explained that they were unhappy. To address their unhappiness, they adopted a strategy of control over food. Being able to exert this control gave patients a sense of enjoyment and pride and enabled them to address their underlying fear that a loss of control may be just around the corner. This pride persuaded patients to restrict further their food in the hope they would experience even greater enjoyment. Patients were thus caught in a dangerous 'spiral' of restriction, weight loss, euphoria and further food refusal. This spiralling behaviour resulted in many patients describing their illness as an obsession. Several patients equated this obsessional behaviour with a perfectionist trait in their personalities. In the following article, these themes of unhappiness, control, spiral, obsession and perfectionism, are presented, along with the patient testimony on which each theme was based.

  14. Line Manager Involvement in Work-Life Balance and Career Development: Can't Manage, Won't Manage?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dick, Penny; Hyde, Rosie

    2006-01-01

    Line manager involvement in HRM is an increasing trend across Europe. With the numbers of employees taking advantage of work-life balance policies also on the increase, line manager responsibility for this specific policy area is likely to become more marked. In this paper, we argue that line managers have a critical role to play in the career…

  15. Why I'm a Yearbook Sponsor Again and Why I Won't Be for Long.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarasovic, Janet

    1995-01-01

    Offers advice, in the form of a letter, to an aspiring teacher about the benefits of being a yearbook advisor. Reviews some of the basic skills needed to be an advisor, such as writing, photography and design skills, computer skills, budgetary and advertising skills, and public relations skills. (TB)

  16. Danusia Latosinski on the Work that Won City College Norwich This Year's AoC President's Award

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Latosinski, Danusia

    2009-01-01

    The transition from school to college can be a daunting experience for any young adult. But for someone who suffers from Asperger Syndrome (AS)--an Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) which affects how a person makes sense of the world, processes information and relates to other people--adapting to new surroundings and meeting new people is an even…

  17. The European Universities, Citizenship and Its Limits: What Won't Solve the Problems of Our Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lock, Grahame; Martins, Herminio

    2009-01-01

    This article attempts to weave together in an original manner a number of themes regarding citizenship and higher education in Europe. Thus, the authors look critically at the notion of citizenship itself; its role in Aristotle and in Hegel's state-versus-civil-society contrast; its relation to the world of work or labour; its connection with the…

  18. NE Won't Return to Pre-Recession Employment until 2015, but Region's "Education" Advantage Could Offer "Economic" Advantage

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gittell, Ross

    2012-01-01

    The New England states continue to experience slow growth and slow recovery of the jobs lost in the 2008 to 2009 recession. The main reason for this is the continued weakness in global and U.S. economic conditions. The U.S. and New England economies continue to be affected by the weak European economy and sovereign debt crisis and by weakness in…

  19. "Why Won't You Just Tell Us the Answer?": Teaching Historical Thinking in Grades 7-12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lesh, Bruce

    2011-01-01

    Every major measure of students' historical understanding since 1917 has demonstrated that students do not retain, understand, or enjoy their school experiences with history. Bruce Lesh believes that this is due to the way we teach history--lecture and memorization. Over the last fifteen years, Bruce has refined a method of teaching history that…

  20. 'I won't be able to go home being pregnant': sex work and pregnancy in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

    PubMed

    Katz, Karen R; McDowell, Misti; Johnson, Laura; Aziz, Sultana

    2016-07-01

    Sex workers report high rates of unintended pregnancy that are inconsistent with widespread reports of condom use. Greater understanding of the implications of an unintended pregnancy and barriers to contraceptive use is needed to better meet the broader sexual and reproductive health needs of this population. We conducted in-depth interviews with 20 women sex workers in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Findings reveal that most women are trying to conform to societal norms and protect their reputations. They fear pregnancy would reveal that they are having unsanctioned sex and that they are sex workers. This could lead to ostracism from families and society, resulting in homelessness and abandonment by partners. Pregnancy may affect a sex worker's ability to work and leave her unable to meet financial obligations. All study participants were using condoms but most acknowledged they could not use them consistently. They had all tried other contraceptive methods, notably injectables and the pill, but some noted experience of side-effects, difficulties in adherence and the desire to use other methods. Understanding the context of sex workers' lives is an important step in informing stakeholders about the range of services needed to improve their sexual and reproductive health.

  1. We Won't Get Fooled Again: On the Absence of Angry Responses to Plagiarism in Composition Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robillard, Amy E.

    2007-01-01

    This is an article about the complex relationship between anger and plagiarism in composition studies. Here, the author brings into dialogue two strands of inquiry that have shaped recent disciplinary conversations in composition studies but that have yet to publicly influence each other. Because emotions and authorship have both been perceived…

  2. The Association Between Computer Use and Cognition Across Adulthood: Use it so You Won't Lose it?

    PubMed Central

    Tun, Patricia A.; Lachman, Margie E.

    2012-01-01

    Understanding the association between computer use and adult cognition has been limited until now by self-selected samples with restricted ranges of age and education. Here we studied effects of computer use in a large national sample (N=2671) of adults aged 32 to 84, assessing cognition with the Brief Test of Adult Cognition by Telephone (Tun & Lachman, 2005), and executive function with the Stop and Go Switch Task (Tun & Lachman, 2008). Frequency of computer activity was associated with cognitive performance after controlling for age, sex, education, and health status: that is, individuals who used the computer frequently scored significantly higher than those who seldom used the computer. Greater computer use was also associated with better executive function on a task-switching test, even after controlling for basic cognitive ability as well as demographic variables. These findings suggest that frequent computer activity is associated with good cognitive function, particularly executive control, across adulthood into old age, especially for those with lower intellectual ability. PMID:20677884

  3. "Why Won't You Speak to Me in Gaelic?" Authenticity, Integration, and the Heritage Language Learning Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armstrong, Timothy Currie

    2013-01-01

    The last speakers of an endangered language often include many individuals who have acquired less than full productive proficiency in the language, language users Nancy Dorian (1977) called semi-speakers. When these individuals enter formal education and seek to learn or relearn their endangered heritage language, they are often frustrated by…

  4. I Can, But I Won’t: An Exploratory Study on People and New Information Technologies in the Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-01

    address the adoption of a new technology. Liang and Wei (2004) studied the adoption of mobile technology in business. At the time, there were few...technology without considering the abilities of the 37 individual. In their Adoption of Mobile Technology in Business (2007), only the nature of...the technology and the requirement of the task were considered for fit. For mobile technology , mobility and reachability were two features for

  5. 'I hope we won't have to understand racism one day': researching or reproducing 'race' in social psychological research?

    PubMed

    Howarth, Caroline

    2009-09-01

    This paper examines the reification and problemization of 'race' in Psychological research in both influential studies in the field and in my empirical work. The main argument is that we need to examine how representations of 'race' are assumed, produced and contested in research practice. This argument is made by (a) showing how research in the area adopts everyday representations of 'race' as essentialized and (b) with an illustration of the construction of 'race' within my study. This study explores how children in a predominantly white setting accept and contest representations that race. twenty two children from a range of cultural backgrounds volunteered to discuss their views and experiences of 'race' and racism in a naturalistic research activity. The analysis reveals that racialized difference is something that is constructed as both 'real' - in that it can be seen, touched and even caught from 'the other' and simultaneously something that is constructed, imposed and damaging. This highlights the possibilities for racialized others to take up positions as agents and not (only) as objects of the racializing and racist gaze, and so presents the case for thinking, debating and researching beyond reifying representations of 'race'. This has important lessons for social psychology: namely, we cannot continue to take racial categorization as a naturalistic or self-evident aspect of the social worlds that our discipline plays an important role in constructing and defending.

  6. The Case for Explicit Teaching: Why What You Don't Know Won't Help You.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Joseph M.; Colomb, Gregory G.

    1993-01-01

    Responds to Aviva Freedman's article on explicit instruction of genre in the same issue of the journal. Reviews Freedman's argument. Disagrees with Freedman's conclusion that explicit instruction is not useful. Argues that research indicates that explicit instruction of genres can be beneficial to students. (HB)

  7. The hard-won benefits of familiarity in visual search: naturally familiar brand logos are found faster.

    PubMed

    Qin, Xiaoyan Angela; Koutstaal, Wilma; Engel, Stephen A

    2014-05-01

    Familiar items are found faster than unfamiliar ones in visual search tasks. This effect has important implications for cognitive theory, because it may reveal how mental representations of commonly encountered items are changed by experience to optimize performance. It remains unknown, however, whether everyday items with moderate levels of exposure would show benefits in visual search, and if so, what kind of experience would be required to produce them. Here, we tested whether familiar product logos were searched for faster than unfamiliar ones, and also familiarized subjects with previously unfamiliar logos. Subjects searched for preexperimentally familiar and unfamiliar logos, half of which were familiarized in the laboratory, amongst other, unfamiliar distractor logos. In three experiments, we used an N-back-like familiarization task, and in four others we used a task that asked detailed questions about the perceptual aspects of the logos. The number of familiarization exposures ranged from 30 to 84 per logo across experiments, with two experiments involving across-day familiarization. Preexperimentally familiar target logos were searched for faster than were unfamiliar, nonfamiliarized logos, by 8 % on average. This difference was reliable in all seven experiments. However, familiarization had little or no effect on search speeds; its average effect was to improve search times by 0.7 %, and its effect was significant in only one of the seven experiments. If priming, mere exposure, episodic memory, or relatively modest familiarity were responsible for familiarity's effects on search, then performance should have improved following familiarization. Our results suggest that the search-related advantage of familiar logos does not develop easily or rapidly.

  8. Slow or swift, your patients' experience won't drift: absence of correlation between physician productivity and the patient experience.

    PubMed

    Lenz, Kasia; McRae, Andrew; Wang, Dongmei; Higgins, Benjamin; Innes, Grant; Cook, Timothy; Lang, Eddy

    2017-09-01

    Absract OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between Emergency Physician (EP) productivity and patient satisfaction with Emergency Department (ED) care. This retrospective observational study linked administrative and patient experience databases to measure correlations between the patient experience and EP productivity. The study was performed across three Calgary EDs (from June 2010 to July 2013). Patients>16 years old with completed Health Quality Council of Alberta (HQCA) ED Patient Experience Surveys were included. EP productivity was measured at the individual physician level and defined as the average number of patients seen per hour. The association between physician productivity and patient experience scores from six composite domains of the HQCA ED Patient Experience Survey were examined using Pearson correlation coefficients, linear regression modelling, and a path analysis. We correlated 3,794 patient experience surveys with productivity data for 130 EPs. Very weak non-significant negative correlations existed between productivity and survey composites: "Staff Care and Communication" (r=-0.057, p=0.521), "Discharge Communication" (r=-0.144, p=0.102), and "Respect" (r=-0.027, p=0.760). Very weak, non-significant positive correlations existed between productivity and the composite domains: "Medication Communication" (r=0.003, p=0.974) and "Pain management" (r=0.020, p=0.824). A univariate general linear model yielded no statistically significant correlations between EP productivity and patient experience, and the path analysis failed to show a relationship between the variables. We found no correlation between EP productivity and the patient experience.

  9. Can't Sing? Won't Sing? Aotearoa/New Zealand "Tone-Deaf" Early Childhood Teachers' Musical Beliefs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swain, Nicola; Bodkin-Allen, Sally

    2014-01-01

    Singing is an important part of teaching for early childhood teachers. However, some teachers find this difficult and may even identify themselves as "tone-deaf". We invited a group of early childhood teachers who self-identified as "tone-deaf" to participate in a study to investigate their beliefs and behaviours about singing…

  10. Minireview: Won't get fooled again: the nonmetabolic roles of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) in the heart.

    PubMed

    Lockyer, Pamela; Schisler, Jonathan C; Patterson, Cam; Willis, Monte S

    2010-06-01

    The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) transcription factors are nuclear receptors initially identified for their key role in regulating metabolic processes. Recent studies designed to identify the role of PPARalpha, -beta, and -gamma in vivo uncovered extrametabolic roles that may be less well known in the heart. In this review, we describe what is known about these extrametabolic roles of PPARs, including regulation of cardiac inflammation, extracellular matrix remodeling, oxidative stress, and regulation of cardiac hypertrophy. Lastly, we discuss the emerging role of PPARs in cell cycle regulation and angiogenesis in noncardiac systems that may be applicable to heart biology. Although this review primarily discusses the extrametabolic role of PPARalpha, the most studied PPAR isoform in the heart, we highlight where possible what is known about the unique and overlapping roles of the PPAR isoforms in terms of metabolic function.

  11. Hate Won, but Love Will Have the Final Word: Critical Pedagogy, Liberation Theology, and the Moral Imperative of Resistance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirylo, James D

    2017-01-01

    In the context of the recent presidential election in the United States, this article examines the place of critical pedagogy and liberation theology and its positionality in impacting the moral imperative of resisting a climate of hate and intolerance. Particularly drawing from the work of Peter McLaren, Gustavo Gutiérrez, Paulo Freire and…

  12. NE Won't Return to Pre-Recession Employment until 2015, but Region's "Education" Advantage Could Offer "Economic" Advantage

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gittell, Ross

    2012-01-01

    The New England states continue to experience slow growth and slow recovery of the jobs lost in the 2008 to 2009 recession. The main reason for this is the continued weakness in global and U.S. economic conditions. The U.S. and New England economies continue to be affected by the weak European economy and sovereign debt crisis and by weakness in…

  13. "But They Won't Come to Lectures..." The Impact of Audio Recorded Lectures on Student Experience and Attendance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larkin, Helen E.

    2010-01-01

    The move to increasingly flexible platforms for student learning and experience through provision of online lecture recordings is often interpreted by educators as students viewing attendance at lectures as optional. The trend toward the use of this technology is often met with resistance from some academic staff who argue that student attendance…

  14. Vascular surgery won a battle but is losing the war: a call to arms for every vascular surgeon.

    PubMed

    Veith, Frank J

    2003-05-01

    This paper describes the present status of the initiative to obtain American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) approval of an independent American Board of Vascular Surgery (ABVS). The need for such a board arises from the evolution of vascular surgery into a distinct, well-defined specialty that deals with all aspects of vascular disease, including knowledge of its natural history, all methods of noninvasive and invasive diagnosis, conservative and medical treatment, open operative treatment, endovascular treatment, and periprocedural care. Because of the greater skill requirements and increased complexity of vascular surgery, its paradigms of training must be changed. Longer periods of vascular training are required with a reciprocal 2- to 3-year shortening of training in general surgery. This cannot be done without an independent ABVS. The effort to obtain ABVS approval has elicited opposition from the American Board of Surgery (ABS) and from some vascular surgery leaders associated with it, making the ABVS a contentious issue. A successful effort was made to reach consensus within vascular surgery, and the ABVS application was submitted to the ABMS. As a result of an ABS campaign that combined pressure and dire warnings, this application encountered intense opposition within the ABMS and its Liaison Committee for Specialty Boards (LCSB). Institutional and professional self-interest, rather than quality of patient care, appeared to be the overriding considerations in the ABS argument. Measures to overcome this ABS opposition and obstructionism are proposed. They require unity, action, and tangible support from all vascular surgeons. If this call to arms goes unheeded, vascular surgery will not continue to be the self-sufficient specialty it has become and, most importantly, patient care will suffer.

  15. "Most Won't Do It!" Examining Homework as a Structure for Learning in a Diverse Middle School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Cory A.

    2017-01-01

    Much attention is placed on helping students develop as complex and creative thinkers, yet many classrooms continue to use learning structures without examining their effectiveness. This is often the case with homework. Research findings on the effectiveness of homework are mixed, and few studies have examined students' and educators' perspectives…

  16. "Why won't they just vaccinate?" Horse owner risk perception and uptake of the Hendra virus vaccine.

    PubMed

    Manyweathers, J; Field, H; Longnecker, N; Agho, K; Smith, C; Taylor, M

    2017-04-13

    Hendra virus is a paramyxovirus that causes periodic serious disease and fatalities in horses and humans in Australia first identified in 1994. Pteropid bats (commonly known as flying-foxes) are the natural host of the virus, and the putative route of infection in horses is by ingestion or inhalation of material contaminated by flying-fox urine or other bodily fluids. Humans become infected after close contact with infected horses. Horse owners in Australia are encouraged to vaccinate their horses against Hendra virus to reduce the risk of Hendra virus infection, and to prevent potential transmission to humans. After the vaccine was released in 2012, uptake by horse owners was slow, with some estimated 11-17% of horses in Australia vaccinated. This study was commissioned to examine barriers to vaccine uptake and potential drivers to future adoption of vaccination by horse owners. This study examined qualitative comments from respondents to an on-line survey, reporting reasons for not vaccinating their horses. The study also investigated scenarios in which respondents felt they might consider vaccinating their horses. Self-reported barriers to uptake of the Hendra virus vaccine by horse owners (N = 150) included concerns about vaccine safety, cost, and effectiveness. Reduction in vaccination costs and perception of immediacy of Hendra virus risk were reported as being likely to change future behaviour. However, the data also indicated that horse owners generally would not reconsider vaccinating their horses if advised by their veterinarian. While changes to vaccine costs and the availability data supporting vaccine safety and efficacy may encourage more horse owners to vaccinate, this study highlights the importance of protecting the relationship between veterinarians and horse owners within the risk management strategies around Hendra virus. Interactions and trust between veterinarians and animal owners has important implications for management of and communication around Hendra virus and other zoonotic disease outbreaks.

  17. Why We Won't See Textbooks in Our Disciplinary Rear View Mirror in the Near Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodrigo, Rochelle

    2012-01-01

    Although not everyone needs textbooks, they still actively serve four audiences within the discipline. The four audiences that benefit from textbooks are students, instructors, the textbook sales force, and the textbook authors themselves. With a growing number of online classes where students have less and less, or even no, face time with their…

  18. The Effects of Teacher Attitudes and Related Factors on FFA Proficiency Awards Won above the Federation Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Robert W.; Scanlon, Dennis C.

    1996-01-01

    A survey of 127 teachers in Ohio and North Carolina with district Future Farmers of America proficiency winners, and in Pennsylvania with state winners, and of 230 teachers without winners in class received 163 responses. A significant relationship appeared between teacher attitudes toward proficiency awards and supervised agricultural experience.…

  19. I Won't Teach Evolution; It's Against My Religion. And Now for the Rest of the Story...

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trani, Randy

    2004-01-01

    In Oregon, biology teachers have a definite understanding of the nature of science and the theory of evolution. These understandings translate into a significant presentation of the theory of evolution in their classrooms.

  20. "Why Won't You Speak to Me in Gaelic?" Authenticity, Integration, and the Heritage Language Learning Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armstrong, Timothy Currie

    2013-01-01

    The last speakers of an endangered language often include many individuals who have acquired less than full productive proficiency in the language, language users Nancy Dorian (1977) called semi-speakers. When these individuals enter formal education and seek to learn or relearn their endangered heritage language, they are often frustrated by…

  1. Won't You Be My Neighbor? Using an Ecological Approach to Examine the Impact of Community on Revictimization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Obasaju, Mayowa A.; Palin, Frances L.; Jacobs, Carli; Anderson, Page; Kaslow, Nadine J.

    2009-01-01

    An ecological model is used to explore the moderating effects of community-level variables on the relation between childhood sexual, physical, and emotional abuse and adult intimate partner violence (IPV) within a sample of 98 African American women from low incomes. Results from hierarchical, binary logistics regressions analyses show that…

  2. When continuous observations just won't do: developing accurate and efficient sampling strategies for the laying hen.

    PubMed

    Daigle, Courtney L; Siegford, Janice M

    2014-03-01

    Continuous observation is the most accurate way to determine animals' actual time budget and can provide a 'gold standard' representation of resource use, behavior frequency, and duration. Continuous observation is useful for capturing behaviors that are of short duration or occur infrequently. However, collecting continuous data is labor intensive and time consuming, making multiple individual or long-term data collection difficult. Six non-cage laying hens were video recorded for 15 h and behavioral data collected every 2 s were compared with data collected using scan sampling intervals of 5, 10, 15, 30, and 60 min and subsamples of 2 second observations performed for 10 min every 30 min, 15 min every 1 h, 30 min every 1.5 h, and 15 min every 2 h. Three statistical approaches were used to provide a comprehensive analysis to examine the quality of the data obtained via different sampling methods. General linear mixed models identified how the time budget from the sampling techniques differed from continuous observation. Correlation analysis identified how strongly results from the sampling techniques were associated with those from continuous observation. Regression analysis identified how well the results from the sampling techniques were associated with those from continuous observation, changes in magnitude, and whether a sampling technique had bias. Static behaviors were well represented with scan and time sampling techniques, while dynamic behaviors were best represented with time sampling techniques. Methods for identifying an appropriate sampling strategy based upon the type of behavior of interest are outlined and results for non-caged laying hens are presented.

  3. Can't Sing? Won't Sing? Aotearoa/New Zealand "Tone-Deaf" Early Childhood Teachers' Musical Beliefs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swain, Nicola; Bodkin-Allen, Sally

    2014-01-01

    Singing is an important part of teaching for early childhood teachers. However, some teachers find this difficult and may even identify themselves as "tone-deaf". We invited a group of early childhood teachers who self-identified as "tone-deaf" to participate in a study to investigate their beliefs and behaviours about singing…

  4. And you try and tell the medical students of today that… and they won't believe ya.

    PubMed

    Harris, Benjamin H L; Wilson, David J

    2016-12-01

    Older clinicians typically engage in reflections on their own early careers and indeed whichever generation of clinician you talk to, their medical school and early career experiences were more challenging than the last. We draw on inspiration from Monty Python and specifically the Four Yorkshiremen to illustrate this point. However, as we strive to lay the foundations of learning that avoids the adage 'whatever doesn't kill you, makes you stronger', we must remember that medics are competitive… even at complaining.

  5. Breaking Up Is Hard to Do...When Your Downloaded File Won't Fit into Your Word Processor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koga, James S.

    1989-01-01

    Discussion of lack of room when downloading long searches onto a word processor focuses on three remedies: (1) choosing the right word processor; (2) using a utility program, such as CHOP2 or SPLIT.EXE; and (3) using the EDLIN program, which is part of a DOS disk. (five references) (LRW)

  6. What I Don't Know Won't Hurt You: The Relation between Professed Ignorance and Later Knowledge Claims

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kushnir, Tamar; Koenig, Melissa A.

    2017-01-01

    Testimony is a valuable source of information for young learners, in particular if children maintain vigilance against errors while still being open to learning from imperfectly knowledgeable sources. We find support for this idea by examining how children evaluate individual speakers who present very different epistemic risks by being previously…

  7. "Why Won't You Just Tell Us the Answer?": Teaching Historical Thinking in Grades 7-12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lesh, Bruce

    2011-01-01

    Every major measure of students' historical understanding since 1917 has demonstrated that students do not retain, understand, or enjoy their school experiences with history. Bruce Lesh believes that this is due to the way we teach history--lecture and memorization. Over the last fifteen years, Bruce has refined a method of teaching history that…

  8. "Mama just won't accept this": adult perspectives on engaging depressed African American teens in clinical research and treatment.

    PubMed

    Breland-Noble, Alfiee M; Bell, Carl C; Burriss, Antoinette

    2011-09-01

    This manuscript focuses on qualitative data collected for AAKOMA Project, a 2-phase treatment engagement intervention trial for depressed African American adolescents and families. Data are presented from our phase I study of adult perspectives on African American adolescent depression, depression treatment, and research engagement. The research team conducted four focus groups (N = 24) and generated major themes from the data including ideas regarding the manifestations of depression in African American youth and psychosocial barriers to participation in depression research and treatment. Findings indicate that success in recruiting and retaining African American youth in depression research and treatment may include using innovative means to overcome the culturally embedded attributions of depression to non-biological causes, beliefs about the cultural insensitivity of treatments and challenges in the logistics of obtaining care. Adults report that encouraging youth and familial involvement in treatments and research should include targeted, community-partnered activities involving diverse staff in leadership roles and including community members as equal partners.

  9. "I want the one that will heal me completely so it won't come back again": the limits of antipsychotic medication in rural Ghana.

    PubMed

    Read, Ursula

    2012-07-01

    Campaigns to scale up mental health services in low-income countries emphasise the need to improve access to psychotropic medication as part of effective treatment yet there is little acknowledgement of the limitations of psychotropic drugs as perceived by those who use them. This paper considers responses to treatment with antipsychotics by people with mental illness and their families in rural Ghana, drawing on an anthropological study of family experiences and help seeking for mental illness. Despite a perception among health workers that there was little popular awareness of biomedical treatment for mental disorders, psychiatric services had been used by almost all informants. However, in many cases antipsychotic treatment had been discontinued, even where it had been recognised to have beneficial effects such as controlling aggression or inducing sleep. Unpleasant side effects such as feelings of weakness and prolonged drowsiness conflicted with notions of health as strength and were seen to reduce the ability to work. The reduction of perceptual experiences such as visions was less valued than a return to social functioning. The failure of antipsychotics to achieve a permanent cure also cast doubt on their efficacy and strengthened suspicions of a spiritual illness which would resist medical treatment. These findings suggest that efforts to improve the treatment of mental disorders in low-income countries should take into account the limitations of antipsychotic drugs for those who use them and consider how local resources and concepts of recovery can be used to maximise treatment and support families.

  10. Key opinion leaders and the corruption of medical knowledge: what the Sunshine Act will and won't cast light on.

    PubMed

    Sismondo, Sergio

    2013-01-01

    The pharmaceutical industry, in its marketing efforts, often turns to "key opinion leaders" or "KOLs" to disseminate scientific information. Drawing on the author's fieldwork, this article documents and examines the use of KOLs in pharmaceutical companies' marketing efforts. Partly due to the use of KOLs, a small number of companies with well-defined and narrow interests have inordinate influence over how medical knowledge is produced, circulated, and consumed. The issue here, as in many other cases of institutional corruption, is that a few actors have accumulated the power to shape the information on which many others base their decisions. Efforts to address this corruption should focus on correcting large imbalances in the current political economy of medical knowledge. A sequestration of pharmaceutical research and development on one hand from pharmaceutical marketing on the other, though difficult to achieve, would address this and many other problems.

  11. Can't play, won't play: longitudinal changes in perceived barriers to participation in sports clubs across the child–adolescent transition

    PubMed Central

    Basterfield, Laura; Gardner, Lauren; Reilly, Jessica K; Pearce, Mark S; Parkinson, Kathryn N; Adamson, Ashley J; Reilly, John J; Vella, Stewart A

    2016-01-01

    Background Participation in sports is associated with numerous physical and psychosocial health benefits, however, participation declines with age, and knowledge of perceived barriers to participation in children is lacking. This longitudinal study of children and adolescents aimed to use the ecological model of physical activity to assess changes in barriers to participation in sports clubs to identify age-specific and weight-specific targets for intervention. Methods Longitudinal study—Perceived barriers to sports participation were collected from a birth cohort, the Gateshead Millennium Study (n>500) at ages 9 and 12 years. The open-ended question ‘Do you find it hard to take part in sports clubs for any reason?’ was completed with free text and analysed using content analysis, and the social–ecological model of physical activity. Results Barriers from across the social-ecological model were reported. Barriers at 9 years were predominantly of a physical environmental nature, and required high parental involvement (for transport, money, permission), or were associated with a lack of suitable clubs. At 12 years, perceived barriers were predominantly classed as intrapersonal (‘they're boring’) or social environmental (‘my friends don't go’). Perceived barriers were not associated with weight status. Conclusions Perceived barriers to sports participation change rapidly in childhood and adolescence. Future interventions aiming to increase sports participation in children and adolescents should target specific age groups, should consider the rapid changes which occur in adolescence, and aim to address prominent barriers from across the socioecological model. Perceived barriers may be unrelated to current weight status, allowing for more inclusive solutions. PMID:27900159

  12. What You Don't Look For, You Won't Find: A Commentary on Card and Giuliano's Examination of Universal Screening

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBee, Matthew T.

    2016-01-01

    Card and Giuliano's National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) working paper on universal screening is discussed. This commentary provides a brief summary and critique of the article, proposes an explanation of the results in light of the author's research on the role of nominations or screening tests in the gifted identification process, and…

  13. Calvin Won't Sit Down! The Daily Behavior Report Card: A Practical Technique to Change Student Behavior and Increase School-Home Communication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mires, Carolyn B.; Lee, David L.

    2017-01-01

    Calvin is a student who will not stay in his seat. He calls out constantly. Calvin does not complete his class work, and his homework is rarely returned. Do you have a student like Calvin? Does he fail to turn in homework, or act disrespectfully toward teachers and peers? Easy to implement, the Daily Behavior Report Card is an empirically based…

  14. What You Don't Look For, You Won't Find: A Commentary on Card and Giuliano's Examination of Universal Screening

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBee, Matthew T.

    2016-01-01

    Card and Giuliano's National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) working paper on universal screening is discussed. This commentary provides a brief summary and critique of the article, proposes an explanation of the results in light of the author's research on the role of nominations or screening tests in the gifted identification process, and…

  15. 'It's The Sun Wot Won It': Evidence of media influence on political attitudes and voting from a UK quasi-natural experiment.

    PubMed

    Reeves, Aaron; McKee, Martin; Stuckler, David

    2016-03-01

    Do print media significantly impact political attitudes and party identification? To examine this question, we draw on a rare quasi-natural experiment that occurred when The Sun, a right-leaning UK tabloid, shifted its support to the Labour party in 1997 and back to the Conservative party in 2010. We compared changes in party identification and political attitudes among Sun readers with non-readers and other newspaper readerships. We find that The Sun's endorsements were associated with a significant increase in readers' support for Labour in 1997, approximately 525,000 votes, and its switch back was associated with about 550,000 extra votes for the Conservatives in 2010. Although we observed changes in readers' party preference, there was no effect on underlying political preferences. The magnitude of these changes, about 2% of the popular vote, would have been unable to alter the outcome of the 1997 General Election, but may have affected the 2010 Election. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  16. The View from Topeka: Brown Plaintiffs, Local Officials Recall Victories Won, Declare Battles that Remain to Be Fought: Brown@50-- How Far Have We Come?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Kendra; Cerstvik, Joan Preston

    2004-01-01

    It's a little-known fact, but, 50 years ago, the junior high and high schools of Topeka, Kan., were integrated--though in name only. Fear was the order of the day at the high school, where an African American assistant superintendent by the name of Harrison Caldwell roamed the halls as the "White folks' enforcer," ensuring that African…

  17. The Next Big Thing We Won't Be Able to Live Without? Fulbright's Half-Life Theory Gives Us Some Ideas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fulbright, Ron

    2015-01-01

    My great-grandparents lived one-half of their lives without electricity. My grandparents lived one-half of their lives without a telephone. My parents lived one-half of their lives without a television. My sister has lived one-half of her life without a computer and I have lived one-half of my life without Google. Today, we could not imagine life…

  18. Myungshin Im, Won-Kee Park, Changsu Choi, Yiseul Jeon, Ji-Hoon Kim (CEOU/SNU), Giseon Baek, Young-Seok Oh, Soojong Pak (Kyunghee Univ.)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Im, Myungshin; Park, Won-Kee; Choi, Changsu; Jeon, Yiseul; Kim, Ji-Hoon; Baek, Giseon; Oh, Young-Seok; Pak, Soojong

    2011-08-01

    On August 30 02:05 UT, we started observations of SN2011fe=PTF11kly (ATel#3581) in grizY and is/iz-bands using CQUEAN on the 2.1m telescope at McDonald observatory, and in zYJHK-bands using UKIRT. SN2011fe is found to have J~11.58 and K~11.55 mag (error~0.05 mag), still brightening in NIR with respect to ATel#3605.

  19. "They Won't Let Us Play ... Unless You're Going out with One of Them": Girls, Boys and Butler's "Heterosexual Matrix" in the Primary Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renold, Emma

    2006-01-01

    Judith Butler's conceptualisation of how gender is routinely spoken through a hegemonic heterosexual matrix has been pivotal for many social scientists researching within and beyond educational settings for exposing the ways in which children's normative gender identities ("intelligible genders") are inextricably tied to dominant notions of…

  20. "I Have Won a World Championship and Now I Can Retire": Exploring Normal Technical Students' Ways of Unpacking Academic Expectations in Singapore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Pauline S. K.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to explore the ways in which lower tracked, "normal technical" students unpack academic requirements and expectations to achieve academic success. Set in Singapore, the study documents the lived experiences of four individuals from the "normal technical" course who have succeeded academically. The…

  1. Won't Get Fooled Again: An Event-Related Potential Study of Task and Repetition Effects on the Semantic Processing of Items without Semantics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laszlo, Sarah; Stites, Mallory; Federmeier, Kara D.

    2012-01-01

    A growing body of evidence suggests that semantic access is obligatory. Several studies have demonstrated that brain activity associated with semantic processing, measured in the N400 component of the event-related brain potential (ERP), is elicited even by meaningless, orthographically illegal strings, suggesting that semantic access is not gated…

  2. "English King Frederick I Won at Arsuf, Then Took Acre, Then They All Went Home": Exploring the Challenges Involved in Reading and Writing Historical Narrative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worth, Paula

    2014-01-01

    Paula Worth draws on three professional traditions in history education in order to build a lesson sequence on the Crusades for her Year 7s. First, she draws on the growing tradition of classroom practice using historical scholarship, not only to inform the teacher's knowledge but to deepen her pupils' direct acquaintance with scholarly work.…

  3. This Arms Control Dog Won’t Hunt: The Proposed Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty at the Conference on Disarmament

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-01-01

    about 75 tons of plutonium. It is estimated that the annual production figure will remain more or less the same until 2010 . The cumulative amount of...before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, May 26, 1994, 3. 13 David Albright, Frans Berkhout , William Walker, World...control separated plutonium either for military or commercial use. See David Albright, Frans Berkhout and William Walker, World Inventory of

  4. Why won't they sit with me? An exploratory investigation of stereotyped cues, social exclusion, and the P3b.

    PubMed

    Kiat, John E; Straley, Elizabeth; Cheadle, Jacob E

    2017-10-01

    The importance of understanding how we anticipate and prepare for being socially excluded is underscored by the numerous adverse mental and physical consequences of social rejection. In this study, we adapted a social exclusion paradigm, the Lunchroom task, to investigate the use of social context cues in the formation of social outcome expectations as indexed by the P3b, an ERP component associated with attention orientation and context updating. In this task, Black and White participants were presented with either neutral or stereotyped cues prior to being exposed to simulated inclusion versus exclusion outcome scenarios. Black participants showed evidence of (1) a significantly reduced P3b response to exclusions preceded by stereotyped cues relative to neutral cue-related exclusions and (2) a marginally significant increase in the P3b response to inclusions relative to exclusions when both were preceded by stereotyped cues. Both of these findings suggest a key role for the use of social cues in the formation of outcome expectations. In line with our hypothesis that the random intermixing of inclusion and exclusion outcomes would prevent formation of outcome expectations when coupled with the absence of self-relevant cues, no overall P3b modulations were observed among a comparison group of White participants.

  5. Won't Get Fooled Again: An Event-Related Potential Study of Task and Repetition Effects on the Semantic Processing of Items without Semantics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laszlo, Sarah; Stites, Mallory; Federmeier, Kara D.

    2012-01-01

    A growing body of evidence suggests that semantic access is obligatory. Several studies have demonstrated that brain activity associated with semantic processing, measured in the N400 component of the event-related brain potential (ERP), is elicited even by meaningless, orthographically illegal strings, suggesting that semantic access is not gated…

  6. Why I Force My Students to Memorize Poetry: Despite the Fact that It Won't Be on the Standardized Test

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waddell, Andy

    2011-01-01

    So often teachers see education as a series of units leading to an examination, which will in turn prepare students for the SATs or APs they need to pass to enter university where, if they pass other examinations, they will graduate and earn large incomes. Teachers hold those future earnings before their students like a carrot while beating them…

  7. In a year, memory will benefit from learning, tomorrow it won't: distance and construal level effects on the basis of metamemory judgments.

    PubMed

    Halamish, Vered; Nussinson, Ravit; Ben-Ari, Liat

    2013-09-01

    Metamemory judgments may rely on 2 bases of information: subjective experience and abstract theories about memory. On the basis of construal level theory, we predicted that psychological distance and construal level (i.e., concrete vs. abstract thinking) would have a qualitative impact on the relative reliance on these 2 bases: When considering learning from proximity or under a low-construal mindset, learners would rely more heavily on their experience, whereas when considering learning from a distance or under a high-construal mindset, they would rely more heavily on their abstract theories. Consistent with this prediction, results of 2 experiments revealed that temporal distance (Experiment 1) and construal level (Experiment 2) affected the stability bias--the failure to predict the benefits of learning. When considering learning from proximity or using a low-construal mindset, participants relied less heavily on their theory regarding the benefits of learning and were therefore insensitive to future learning. However, when considering learning from temporal distance or using a high-construal mindset, participants relied more heavily on their theory and were therefore better able to predict the benefits of future learning, thus overcoming the stability bias.

  8. 'The child that tiire doesn't give you, God won't give you either.' The role of Rotheca myricoides in Somali fertility practices.

    PubMed

    Mire, Sada

    2016-12-01

    The paper introduces the Baanashada Dumarka, a Somali fertility therapy carried out by a spirit medium, known locally as 'Alaqad. Baanashada is aimed at women whose fertility issues are believed to be caused by spirits. The study also explores a component of the Baanashada, namely, the use of tiire (Rotheca myricoides), or the butterfly bush. Although Rotheca myricoides is known to possess a number of medicinal components as confirmed by studies of modern science, so far, there exist no studies on its potential (or lack of) fertility effects. Hence, the alleged fertility benefits of the butterfly bush need examining. In 2008 a British Somali woman died of herbs placed in her cervix by a traditional healer in Somaliland. This piece of information indicated not only the role of herbal medicine in fertility practices, but also the popularity of traditional reproductive medicine beyond border, class or educational background. Yet, current research into Somali women's health focuses mainly on Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), examined often without the context of wider cultural practices. This paper, however, suggests that rituals, beliefs and material culture play a paramount role in women's practices. For example, as explored elsewhere, the wagar, a wooden and sacred object made of the African olive, is critical for fertility practices. The current paper illuminates further the significance of reproduction practices in Somali society and the potential continuity of traditions associated with the perpetuation of kinship. It concludes that fertility rituals are part of a wider context of interaction with sacred landscapes, objects and archaeological sites, often associated with past legends in the Horn of Africa.

  9. Secrets of the Super Net Searchers: The Reflections, Revelations, and Hard-Won Wisdom of 35 of the World's Top Internet Researchers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basch, Reva

    This book presents the collected wisdom of 35 leading Internet hunters and gatherers. Through interviews, these experts offer insights, anecdotes, tips, techniques, and case histories which will raise the "searching IQ" of any serious Internet user. The Super Net Searchers explain how they find valuable information on the Internet,…

  10. When the Cat Is Near, the Mice Won't Play: The Effect of External Examiners in Italian Schools. CEP Discussion Paper No. 1191

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bertoni, Marco; Brunello, Giorgio; Rocco, Lorenzo

    2013-01-01

    We use a natural experiment to show that the presence of an external examiner has both a direct and an indirect negative effect on the performance of monitored classes in standardized educational tests. The direct effect is the difference in the test performance between classes of the same school with and without external examiners. The indirect…

  11. "English King Frederick I Won at Arsuf, Then Took Acre, Then They All Went Home": Exploring the Challenges Involved in Reading and Writing Historical Narrative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worth, Paula

    2014-01-01

    Paula Worth draws on three professional traditions in history education in order to build a lesson sequence on the Crusades for her Year 7s. First, she draws on the growing tradition of classroom practice using historical scholarship, not only to inform the teacher's knowledge but to deepen her pupils' direct acquaintance with scholarly work.…

  12. "You Can Try, But You Won't Stop It. It'll Always Be There": Youth Perspectives on Violence and Prevention in Schools.

    PubMed

    Sundaram, Vanita

    2016-02-01

    The role of schools in preventing violence among teenagers has been highlighted, as has the development of youth-led prevention initiatives. This article explores how young people's views on violence influence their perceptions of its preventability, drawing on focus group discussions with 14- to 16-year-olds from six schools across the north of England. Young people view violence as a highly individualized phenomenon, and gender norms play an important role in shaping young people's perceptions of the preventability of violence. The findings presented here suggest that school-based violence prevention must fundamentally address gender norms and expectations to challenge young people's acceptance and tolerance of violence. © The Author(s) 2014.

  13. "Won't Somebody 'Think' of the Children?" Emotions, Child Poverty, and Post-Humanitarian Possibilities for Social Justice Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Liz

    2014-01-01

    Under models of moral and global citizenship education, compassion and caring are emphasized as a counterpoint to pervasive, heartless, neo-liberal globalization. According to such views, these and related emotions such as empathy, sympathy, and pity, can cause people to act righteously to aid others who are disadvantaged through no fault of their…

  14. Why Johnny Won't Read: Schools Often Dismiss What Boys Like. No Wonder They're Not Wild about Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Michael

    2004-01-01

    It's not that boys can not read, they just do not read. Study after study reveals that boys read less than girls. And according to the U.S. Department of Education, school-age boys tend to read a grade and a half lower than girls. How can librarians get guys to turn the page? For starters, they need to move beyond their traditional "here is a book…

  15. 'If your husband doesn't humiliate you, other people won't': gendered attitudes towards sexual violence in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.

    PubMed

    Kelly, Jocelyn; Kabanga, Justin; Cragin, Will; Alcayna-Stevens, Lys; Haider, Sadia; Vanrooyen, Michael J

    2012-01-01

    More than a decade of fighting in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has resulted in extensive human rights abuses, of which sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is one of the most salient and disturbing features. This paper uses qualitative data, based on 10 focus groups with 86 women and men to better understand gendered community perspectives on SGBV and its consequences in South Kivu. We conclude that for many survivors, rape has consequences far beyond the physiological and psychological trauma associated with the attack. Respondents say sexual violence has become a societal phenomenon, in which the community isolation and shame experienced as a result of the attack become as important as concerns about the attack itself. Male focus group participants explain their own feelings of shame and anger associated with knowing their female relatives were raped. These findings highlight the complexity of community reintegration for survivors and identify a number of programmatic and policy implications, such as the need for counselling for survivors of sexual violence with their families as well as individually; the importance of income-generating training; and the need for improved justice mechanisms to bring perpetrators to justice.

  16. "You Won't Believe What They Said in Class Today": Professors' Reflections on Student Resistance in Multicultural Education Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunn, Alyssa Hadley; Dotson, Erica K.; Ford, Jillian C.; Roberts, Mari Ann

    2014-01-01

    In this article, the authors Dunn, Dotson, Ford, and Roberts, discuss the ways they, as professors of multicultural education with different identities and experiences, attempt to understand and respond to students' implicit or explicit resistance in their classes. Though there has been a broad range of literature on student resistance, the…

  17. What girls won't do for love: human immunodeficiency virus/sexually transmitted infections risk among young African-American women driven by a relationship imperative.

    PubMed

    Raiford, Jerris L; Seth, Puja; DiClemente, Ralph J

    2013-05-01

    Rates of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) continue to increase among African-American youth. Adolescents who have a stronger identity in relation to others (relational identity) rather than to themselves (self-identity) may view intimate relationships as imperative to a positive self-concept, which may lead to risky sexual behavior and abuse. Therefore, the present study assessed the associations among a relationship imperative and HIV/STI-related risk factors and behaviors. Participants were 715 African-American adolescent females, aged 15 to 21 years. They completed measures that assessed how important a relationship was to them and HIV-related risk factors and behaviors. Participants also provided vaginal swab specimens for STI testing. Multivariate logistic regression analyses, controlling for covariates, were conducted. Females who endorsed a relationship imperative (29%), compared to those who did not, were more likely to report: unprotected sex, less power in their relationships, perceived inability to refuse sex, anal sex, sex while their partner was high on alcohol/drugs, and partner abuse. Furthermore, participants with less power, recent partner abuse, and a perceived ability to refuse sex were more likely to test STI positive. These results indicate that if African-American adolescent females believe a relationship is imperative, they are more likely to engage in riskier sexual behaviors. Additionally, less perceived power and partner abuse increases their risk for STIs. HIV/STI prevention programs should target males and females and address healthy relationships, sense of self-worth, self-esteem and the gender power imbalance that may persist in the community along with HIV/STI risk. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  18. "I Won't Trust You if I Think You're Trying to Deceive Me": Relations between Selective Trust, Theory of Mind, and Imitation in Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DiYanni, Cara; Nini, Deniela; Rheel, Whitney; Livelli, Alicia

    2012-01-01

    This study explores connections between 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds' performance in theory-of-mind tasks, their performance on an assessment of selective trust, and their decisions to (not) imitate the questionable tool choices of an adult model. The prediction was that all the tasks would be related, with improvements in theory of mind and selective…

  19. "You Won't Believe What They Said in Class Today": Professors' Reflections on Student Resistance in Multicultural Education Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunn, Alyssa Hadley; Dotson, Erica K.; Ford, Jillian C.; Roberts, Mari Ann

    2014-01-01

    In this article, the authors Dunn, Dotson, Ford, and Roberts, discuss the ways they, as professors of multicultural education with different identities and experiences, attempt to understand and respond to students' implicit or explicit resistance in their classes. Though there has been a broad range of literature on student resistance, the…

  20. "If you don't believe it, it won't help you": use of bush medicine in treating cancer among Aboriginal people in Western Australia

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Little is known about the use of bush medicine and traditional healing among Aboriginal Australians for their treatment of cancer and the meanings attached to it. A qualitative study that explored Aboriginal Australians' perspectives and experiences of cancer and cancer services in Western Australia provided an opportunity to analyse the contemporary meanings attached and use of bush medicine by Aboriginal people with cancer in Western Australia Methods Data collection occurred in Perth, both rural and remote areas and included individual in-depth interviews, observations and field notes. Of the thirty-seven interviews with Aboriginal cancer patients, family members of people who died from cancer and some Aboriginal health care providers, 11 participants whose responses included substantial mention on the issue of bush medicine and traditional healing were selected for the analysis for this paper. Results The study findings have shown that as part of their healing some Aboriginal Australians use traditional medicine for treating their cancer. Such healing processes and medicines were preferred by some because it helped reconnect them with their heritage, land, culture and the spirits of their ancestors, bringing peace of mind during their illness. Spiritual beliefs and holistic health approaches and practices play an important role in the treatment choices for some patients. Conclusions Service providers need to acknowledge and understand the existence of Aboriginal knowledge (epistemology) and accept that traditional healing can be an important addition to an Aboriginal person's healing complementing Western medical treatment regimes. Allowing and supporting traditional approaches to treatment reflects a commitment by modern medical services to adopting an Aboriginal-friendly approach that is not only culturally appropriate but assists with the cultural security of the service. PMID:20569478

  1. Secrets of the Super Net Searchers: The Reflections, Revelations, and Hard-Won Wisdom of 35 of the World's Top Internet Researchers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basch, Reva

    This book presents the collected wisdom of 35 leading Internet hunters and gatherers. Through interviews, these experts offer insights, anecdotes, tips, techniques, and case histories which will raise the "searching IQ" of any serious Internet user. The Super Net Searchers explain how they find valuable information on the Internet,…

  2. I'd Do Anything for Research, But I Won't Do That: Interest in Pharmacological Interventions in Older Adults Enrolled in a Longitudinal Aging Study

    PubMed Central

    Calamia, Matthew; Bernstein, John P. K.; Keller, Jeffrey N.

    2016-01-01

    Alzheimer’s disease (AD) ranks as the 6th leading cause of death in the United States, yet unlike other diseases in this category, there are no disease-modifying medications for AD. Currently there is significant interest in exploring the benefits of pharmacological treatment before the onset of dementia (e.g., in those with mild cognitive impairment); however, recruitment for such studies is challenging. The current study examined interest in pharmacological intervention trials relative to other types of clinical interventions. A total of 67 non-demented older adults enrolled in a longitudinal cognitive aging study completed a questionnaire assessing interest in participating in a variety of hypothetical research study designs. Consistent with past research, results showed that the opportunities for participants to advance science, receive feedback about their current health, and help themselves or others, were associated with increased interest in clinical trial participation. Some factors were not associated with change in interest (e.g., a doctor not recommending participation) while others were associated with decreased interest (e.g., having to come in for multiple visits each week). Relative to other types of interventions, pharmacological intervention trials were associated with the least interest in participation, despite pharmacological interventions being rated as more likely to result in AD treatment. Decreased interest was not predicted by subjective memory concerns, number of current medications, cardiovascular risk, or beliefs about the likely success of pharmacological treatments. These results highlight the challenges faced by researchers investigating pharmacological treatments in non-demented older individuals, and suggest future research could contribute to more effective ways of recruiting participants in AD-related clinical trials. PMID:27438465

  3. "The greatest victory which the chemist has won in the fight (…) against Nature": Nitrogenous fertilizers in Great Britain and the British Empire, 1910s-1950s.

    PubMed

    Page, Arnaud

    2016-12-01

    This paper analyses the rise of synthetic nitrogen in Great Britain and its empire, from the First World War to the aftermath of the Second World War. Rather than focus solely on technological innovations and consumption statistics, it seeks to explain how nitrogen was a central element in the expansion of a form of agricultural governance, which needed simplified, stable, and seemingly universal input/output formulae. In the first half of the twentieth century, nitrogen was thus gradually constructed as a global indicator of development, as it was particularly adapted to scientific and political regimes increasingly relying upon abstraction and quantification. Yet, the history of nitrogenous fertilizers in the interwar years also shows that this cannot be reduced to a simple story of triumphant modernity, as their development and globalization was imperfect, unstable, accompanied by resistance and the resilience or emergence of other models. Rather than assuming an all-powerful "state" project, the paper thus seeks to recover the multiplicity of actors, and attempts to account for the rise of nitrogenous fertilizers; not just as the progressive application of a technological breakthrough, but as a difficult process embedded in technological, financial, and military constraints, corporate strategies, political imperatives, and the changing institutional framework of agricultural research.

  4. The View from Topeka: Brown Plaintiffs, Local Officials Recall Victories Won, Declare Battles that Remain to Be Fought: Brown@50-- How Far Have We Come?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Kendra; Cerstvik, Joan Preston

    2004-01-01

    It's a little-known fact, but, 50 years ago, the junior high and high schools of Topeka, Kan., were integrated--though in name only. Fear was the order of the day at the high school, where an African American assistant superintendent by the name of Harrison Caldwell roamed the halls as the "White folks' enforcer," ensuring that African…

  5. "But They Won't Let You Read!" A Case Study of an Urban Middle School Male's Response to School Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Enriquez, Grace

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative case study presents the perceptions of Derrick, a Black urban adolescent male who enjoys reading but believes that inconsistent school discourses hinder his success and enjoyment as a reader. Findings show that Derrick's purposeful work while reading was limited and misunderstood because, among other factors, there was a pervasive…

  6. "I Won't Out Myself Just to Do a Survey": Sexual and Gender Minority Adolescents' Perspectives on the Risks and Benefits of Sex Research.

    PubMed

    Macapagal, Kathryn; Coventry, Ryan; Arbeit, Miriam R; Fisher, Celia B; Mustanski, Brian

    2016-07-28

    Sexual and gender minority (SGM) adolescents under age 18 are underrepresented in sexual health research. Exclusion of SGM minors from these studies has resulted in a lack of knowledge about the risks and benefits youth experience from sexual health research participation. Institutional Review Boards' (IRB) overprotective stances toward research risks and requirements for guardian consent for SGM research are significant barriers to participation, though few have investigated SGM youth's perspectives on these topics. This study aimed to empirically inform decisions about guardian consent for sexuality survey studies involving SGM youth. A total of 74 SGM youth aged 14-17 completed an online survey of sexual behavior and SGM identity, and a new measure that compared the discomfort of sexual health survey completion to everyday events and exemplars of minimal risk research (e.g., behavioral observation). Youth described survey benefits and drawbacks and perspectives on guardian permission during an online focus group. Participants felt about the same as or more comfortable completing the survey compared to other research procedures, and indicated that direct and indirect participation benefits outweighed concerns about privacy and emotional discomfort. Most would not have participated if guardian permission was required, citing negative parental attitudes about adolescent sexuality and SGM issues and not being "out" about their SGM identity. Findings suggest that sexual health survey studies meet minimal risk criteria, are appropriate for SGM youth, and that recruitment would not be possible without waivers of guardian consent. Decreasing barriers to research participation would dramatically improve our understanding of sexual health among SGM youth.

  7. Why Johnny Won't Read: Schools Often Dismiss What Boys Like. No Wonder They're Not Wild about Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Michael

    2004-01-01

    It's not that boys can not read, they just do not read. Study after study reveals that boys read less than girls. And according to the U.S. Department of Education, school-age boys tend to read a grade and a half lower than girls. How can librarians get guys to turn the page? For starters, they need to move beyond their traditional "here is a book…

  8. "Won't Somebody 'Think' of the Children?" Emotions, Child Poverty, and Post-Humanitarian Possibilities for Social Justice Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Liz

    2014-01-01

    Under models of moral and global citizenship education, compassion and caring are emphasized as a counterpoint to pervasive, heartless, neo-liberal globalization. According to such views, these and related emotions such as empathy, sympathy, and pity, can cause people to act righteously to aid others who are disadvantaged through no fault of their…

  9. Why Some Faces won't be Remembered: Brain Potentials Illuminate Successful Versus Unsuccessful Encoding for Same-Race and Other-Race Faces

    PubMed Central

    Lucas, Heather D.; Chiao, Joan Y.; Paller, Ken A.

    2011-01-01

    Memory is often less accurate for faces from another racial group than for faces from one's own racial group. The mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are a topic of active debate. Contemporary theories invoke factors such as inferior expertise with faces from other racial groups and an encoding emphasis on race-specifying information. We investigated neural mechanisms of this memory bias by recording event-related potentials while participants attempted to memorize same-race (SR) and other-race (OR) faces. Brain potentials at encoding were compared as a function of successful versus unsuccessful recognition on a subsequent-memory test. Late positive amplitudes predicted subsequent memory for SR faces and, to a lesser extent, for OR faces. By contrast, the amplitudes of earlier frontocentral N200 potentials and occipito-temporal P2 potentials were larger for later-remembered relative to later-forgotten OR faces. Furthermore, N200 and P2 amplitudes were larger for OR faces with features considered atypical of that race relative to faces that were race-stereotypical (according to a consensus from a large group of other participants). In keeping with previous reports, we infer that these earlier potentials index the processing of unique or individuating facial information, which is key to remembering a face. Individuation may tend to be uniformly high for SR faces but lower and less reliable for OR faces. Individuation may also be more readily applied for OR faces that appear less stereotypical. These electrophysiological measures thus provide novel evidence that poorer memory for OR faces stems from encoding that is inadequate because it fails to emphasize individuating information. PMID:21441983

  10. "I won't be around forever": Understanding the decision-making experiences of adults with severe TBI and their parents.

    PubMed

    Knox, Lucy; Douglas, Jacinta M; Bigby, Christine

    2016-01-01

    There is growing recognition of the right of all individuals, including those with cognitive impairment, to make decisions about their own lives. However, little is known about how the process of decision making is experienced after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study used constructivist grounded theory to explore processes used by adults with severe TBI and their parents in making decisions about life after injury. Data consisted of 18 individual, in-depth interviews with four dyads (consisting of an individual with severe TBI and his or her parent). The overlying construct emerging from the data was a process of reimagining the future, which influenced how participants approached and participated in making decisions. In line with this construct, two central themes described processes of joint decision making within parent-adult child relationships after severe TBI over time: (1) making decisions with parental support, and (2) reducing parental involvement. These findings emphasise the complexity of supporting decision making after injury, and illustrate that both parents and their adult children with TBI use explicit and implicit strategies to facilitate increased participation in making decisions. This study also underscores the need for brain injury clinicians to consider the needs of parents who find themselves in this role.

  11. "I Won't Trust You if I Think You're Trying to Deceive Me": Relations between Selective Trust, Theory of Mind, and Imitation in Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DiYanni, Cara; Nini, Deniela; Rheel, Whitney; Livelli, Alicia

    2012-01-01

    This study explores connections between 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds' performance in theory-of-mind tasks, their performance on an assessment of selective trust, and their decisions to (not) imitate the questionable tool choices of an adult model. The prediction was that all the tasks would be related, with improvements in theory of mind and selective…

  12. "This Computer Gives You a Hard Bargain": Is It Conflict or Frustration When Software Won't Let You Change Your Mind?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuschner, David

    This study focused on the cognitive conflicts experienced by young children in using software programs that provided them with tools to create and/or combine individual graphic elements into larger structures. Six 5-year-old children, none with prior computer experience, were observed using three programs--Kids at Work, Picture Perfect, and…

  13. We Made Your Bed, Why Won't You Lie in It? Food Availability and Disease May Affect Reproductive Output of Reintroduced Frogs.

    PubMed

    Klop-Toker, Kaya; Valdez, Jose; Stockwell, Michelle; Fardell, Loren; Clulow, Simon; Clulow, John; Mahony, Michael

    2016-01-01

    Mitigation to offset the impacts of land development is becoming increasingly common, with reintroductions and created habitat programs used as key actions. However, numerous reviews cite high rates of poor success from these programs, and a need for improved monitoring and scientific testing to evaluate outcomes and improve management actions. We conducted extensive monitoring of a released population of endangered green and golden bell frogs, Litoria aurea, within a created habitat, as well as complementary surveys of a surrounding wild population. We then compared differences between the created habitat and natural ponds where extant frogs either bred or didn't breed in order to determine factors that contributed to the breeding failure within the created habitat. We evaluated differences of L. aurea abundance, abundance of other fauna, vegetation, water quality, habitat structure, invasive fish, and disease between the three pond types (created habitat, breeding ponds, non-breeding ponds). We discovered that vegetation and invertebrate diversity were low within the created habitat, potentially reducing energy and nutritional resources required for breeding. Also, a greater proportion of frogs in the created habitat were carrying the chytrid fungal pathogen, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, compared to the wild populations. In addition to causing the potentially fatal disease, chytridiomycosis, this pathogen has been shown to reduce reproductive functioning in male L. aurea, and subsequently may have reduced reproductive activities in the created habitat. Conspecific attraction, pond hydrology, and aquatic vegetation may also have had some influence on breeding behaviours, whilst the presence of the invasive mosquitofish, Gambusia holbrooki, and heterospecific tadpoles were unlikely to have deterred L. aurea from breeding within the created habitat. Through the use of scientific testing and monitoring, this study is able to make recommendations for future amphibian breed and release programs, and suggests planting a diversity of plant species to attract invertebrates, creating some permanent ponds, connecting habitat with existing populations, trialling artificial mating calls, and following recommendations to reduce the prevalence of disease within the population.

  14. "No one's at home and they won't pick up the phone": using the Internet and text messaging to enhance partner services in North Carolina.

    PubMed

    Hightow-Weidman, Lisa; Beagle, Steve; Pike, Emily; Kuruc, Joann; Leone, Peter; Mobley, Victoria; Foust, Evelyn; Gay, Cynthia

    2014-02-01

    The Internet and mobile devices are increasingly used by men who have sex with men to find potential partners. Lack of partner information, besides e-mail addresses or user profiles, limits the ability to adequately perform partner notification by traditional means and test those at high risk. To streamline North Carolina Internet Partner Notification (IPN) services, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill collaborated with the North Carolina Division of Public Health beginning in July 2011 to formalize state IPN and text messaging for partner notification (txtPN) policies and centralize notification practices by designating a single IPN/txtPN field coordinator within the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. We compared the number of IPN and txtPN contacts initiated and their outcomes in July 1, 2011, to June 30, 2012, and compared with outcomes in January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2010, the year before the collaboration. Overall, 362 IPN contacts were initiated compared with 133 initiated in 2010. More than half (59.1%) were black; mean age was 28.8 years. Almost all were men who have sex with men (83.7%). Approximately two-thirds (n = 230; 63.5%) of contacts were successfully notified using centralized IPN. Seven new cases of HIV infection, 11 new cases of syphilis, and 19 known previous HIV-positive persons were identified. Text messaging for partner notification was used for 29 contacts who did not initially respond to traditional notification or IPN; 14 (48%) responded to txtPN in a median time of 57.5 minutes (interquartile range, 9-2708). Centralization of IPN services augmented partner detection of new HIV and syphilis diagnoses. Text messaging for partner notification represents a potentially effective method for augmenting traditional partner services. In addition, IPN and txtPN allow identification of HIV-infected persons in need of linkage to care.

  15. In a Year, Memory Will Benefit from Learning, Tomorrow It Won't: Distance and Construal Level Effects on the Basis of Metamemory Judgments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halamish, Vered; Nussinson, Ravit; Ben-Ari, Liat

    2013-01-01

    Metamemory judgments may rely on 2 bases of information: subjective experience and abstract theories about memory. On the basis of construal level theory, we predicted that psychological distance and construal level (i.e., concrete vs. abstract thinking) would have a qualitative impact on the relative reliance on these 2 bases: When considering…

  16. When Multiplication Facts Won't Stick: Could a Language/Story Approach Work? A Research Study Examining the Effectiveness of the "Memorize in Minutes" Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mahler, Joni D.

    2011-01-01

    This study examined whether a story/language based method of teaching the multiplication facts would be helpful to students who previously had difficulty with the memorization of those facts. Using the curriculum "Memorize in Minutes" by Alan Walker (Walker, 2000), the researcher taught six fourth-grade students the multiplication facts (3s…

  17. Age-Related Increases in Verbal Knowledge Are Not Associated With Word Finding Problems in the Cam-CAN Cohort: What You Know Won't Hurt You.

    PubMed

    Shafto, Meredith A; James, Lori E; Abrams, Lise; Tyler, Lorraine K

    2017-01-01

    We tested the claim that age-related increases in knowledge interfere with word retrieval, leading to word finding failures. We did this by relating a measure of crystallized intelligence to tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) states and picture naming accuracy. Participants were from a large (N = 708), cross-sectional (aged 18-88 years), population-based sample from the Cambridge Centre for Ageing and Neuroscience cohort (Cam-CAN; www.cam-can.com). They completed (a) the Spot-the-Word Test (STW), a measure of crystallized intelligence in which participants circled the real word in word/nonword pairs, (b) a TOT-inducing task, and (c) a picture naming task. Age and STW independently predicted TOTs, with higher TOTs for older adults and for participants with lower STW scores. Tests of a moderator model examining interactions between STW and age indicated that STW was a significant negative predictor of TOTs in younger adults, but with increasing age, the effect size gradually approached zero. Results using picture naming accuracy replicated these findings. These results do not support the hypothesis that lifelong knowledge acquisition leads to interference that causes an age-related increase in TOTs. Instead, crystallized intelligence supports successful word retrieval, although this relationship weakens across adulthood. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America.

  18. I won't let you down... or will I? Core self-evaluations, other-orientation, anticipated guilt and gratitude, and job performance.

    PubMed

    Grant, Adam M; Wrzesniewski, Amy

    2010-01-01

    Although core self-evaluations have been linked to higher job performance, research has shown variability in the strength of this relationship. We propose that high core self-evaluations are more likely to increase job performance for other-oriented employees, who tend to anticipate feelings of guilt and gratitude. We tested these hypotheses across 3 field studies using different operationalizations of both performance and other-orientation (prosocial motivation, agreeableness, and duty). In Study 1, prosocial motivation strengthened the association between core self-evaluations and the performance of professional university fundraisers. In Study 2, agreeableness strengthened the association between core self-evaluations and supervisor ratings of initiative among public service employees. In Study 3, duty strengthened the association between core self-evaluations and the objective productivity of call center employees, and this moderating relationship was mediated by feelings of anticipated guilt and gratitude. We discuss implications for theory and research on personality and job performance.

  19. 'They won't change it back in their heads that we're trash': the intersection of sex work-related stigma and evolving policing strategies.

    PubMed

    Krüsi, Andrea; Kerr, Thomas; Taylor, Christina; Rhodes, Tim; Shannon, Kate

    2016-09-01

    In Vancouver, Canada, there has been a continuous shift in the policing of sex work away from arresting sex workers, which led to the implementation of a policing strategy that explicitly prioritised the safety of sex workers and continued to target sex workers' clients. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 26 cisgender and five transgender women street-based sex workers about their working conditions. Data were analysed thematically and by drawing on concepts of structural stigma and vulnerability. Our results indicated that despite police rhetoric of prioritising the safety of sex workers, participants were denied their citizenship rights for police protection by virtue of their 'risky' occupation and were thus responsiblised for sex work related violence. Our findings further suggest that sex workers' interactions with neighbourhood residents were predominantly shaped by a discourse of sex workers as a 'risky' presence in the urban landscape and police took swift action in removing sex workers in the case of complaints. This study highlights that intersecting regimes of stigmatisation and criminalisation continued to undermine sex workers citizenship rights to police protection and legal recourse and perpetuated labour conditions that render sex workers at increased risk for violence and poor health.

  20. What if You Build It and They Still Won't Come? Addressing Student Awareness of Resources and Services with Promotional Videos

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalal, Heather A.; Lackie, Robert J.

    2014-01-01

    After a needs assessment exposed that even daily library users were unaware of the best resources, tools, and services, the Rider University Libraries switched gears from a focus on the creation of long step-by-step tutorials, to the creation of short promotional videos for all users, with attention on the needs of distance learners. This project…

  1. “A Campaign Won as a Public Issue Will Stay Won”: Using Cartoons and Comics to Fight National Health Care Reform, 1940s and Beyond

    PubMed Central

    Knoblauch, Heidi Katherine

    2014-01-01

    On March 23, 2010, President Barack Obama signed the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) into law. As it went through Congress, the legislation faced forceful resistance. Individuals and organizations opposing the ACA circulated propaganda that varied from photographs of fresh graves or coffins with the caption “Result of ObamaCare” to portrayals of President Obama as the Joker from the Batman movies, captioned with the single word “socialism.” The arguments embedded in these images have striking parallels to cartoons circulated by physicians to their patients in earlier fights against national health care. Examining cartoons used in the formative health care reform debates of the 1940s provides a means for tracing the lineage of emotional arguments employed against health care reform. PMID:24328659

  2. Commentary on community-led total sanitation and human rights: should the right to community-wide health be won at the cost of individual rights?

    PubMed

    Bartram, Jamie; Charles, Katrina; Evans, Barbara; O'Hanlon, Lucinda; Pedley, Steve

    2012-12-01

    The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) set out to halve the proportion of the population without access to basic sanitation between 1990 and 2015. The slow pace of progress has lead to a search for innovative responses, including social motivation approaches. One example of this type of approach is 'Community-led Total Sanitation' (CLTS). CLTS represents a major shift for sanitation projects and programmes in recognising the value of stopping open-defecation across the whole community, even when the individual toilets built are not necessarily wholly hygienic. However, recent publications on CLTS document a number of examples of practices which fail to meet basic ethical criteria and infringe human rights. There is a general theme in the CLTS literature encouraging the use of 'shame' or 'social stigma' as a tool for promoting behaviours. There are reported cases where monetary benefits to which individuals are otherwise entitled or the means to practice a livelihood are withheld to create pressures to conform. At the very extreme end of the scale, the investigation and punishment of violence has reportedly been denied if the crime occurred while defecating in the open, violating rights to a remedy and related access to justice. While social mobilisation in general, and CLTS in particular, have drastically and positively changed the way we think about sanitation, they neither need nor benefit from an association with any infringements of human rights.

  3. In the Maelstrom of American Independent Education: A School Leader's Guide to Chaos, Change, Competing Agendas, and the Dilemmas that Won't Go Away

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valentine, Stephen J.

    2014-01-01

    Today, independent school leaders operate at the fault line of pundits, parents, teachers, staff, students, board members, researchers, consultants, and more. They need to lead key constituents while weighing constituent expectations. They need to know how to sift through the increasing flow of evolving practices, research, and viewpoints…

  4. When Whole-Genome Alignments Just Won't Work: kSNP v2 Software for Alignment-Free SNP Discovery and Phylogenetics of Hundreds of Microbial Genomes

    PubMed Central

    Gardner, Shea N.; Hall, Barry G.

    2013-01-01

    Effective use of rapid and inexpensive whole genome sequencing for microbes requires fast, memory efficient bioinformatics tools for sequence comparison. The kSNP v2 software finds single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in whole genome data. kSNP v2 has numerous improvements over kSNP v1 including SNP gene annotation; better scaling for draft genomes available as assembled contigs or raw, unassembled reads; a tool to identify the optimal value of k; distribution of packages of executables for Linux and Mac OS X for ease of installation and user-friendly use; and a detailed User Guide. SNP discovery is based on k-mer analysis, and requires no multiple sequence alignment or the selection of a single reference genome. Most target sets with hundreds of genomes complete in minutes to hours. SNP phylogenies are built by maximum likelihood, parsimony, and distance, based on all SNPs, only core SNPs, or SNPs present in some intermediate user-specified fraction of targets. The SNP-based trees that result are consistent with known taxonomy. kSNP v2 can handle many gigabases of sequence in a single run, and if one or more annotated genomes are included in the target set, SNPs are annotated with protein coding and other information (UTRs, etc.) from Genbank file(s). We demonstrate application of kSNP v2 on sets of viral and bacterial genomes, and discuss in detail analysis of a set of 68 finished E. coli and Shigella genomes and a set of the same genomes to which have been added 47 assemblies and four “raw read” genomes of H104:H4 strains from the recent European E. coli outbreak that resulted in both bloody diarrhea and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), and caused at least 50 deaths. PMID:24349125

  5. "You've Got to Teach People that Racism Is Wrong and Then They Won't Be Racist": Curricular Representations and Young People&'s Understandings of "Race" and Racism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryan, Audrey

    2012-01-01

    This paper critically examines the discursive (mis) representation of "race" and racism in the formal curriculum. Combining qualitative data derived from interviews with 35 young people who were enrolled in a Dublin-based, ethnically diverse secondary school, with a critical discursive analysis of 20 textbooks, the paper explores…

  6. The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act and the First Amendment: why a substantial interest in protecting public health won't save some new restrictions on tobacco advertising.

    PubMed

    Stoll, Elaine

    2010-01-01

    Congress passed the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act in 2009 with the aim of reducing tobacco-related illnesses and deaths by curbing tobacco's appeal to and use by children and adolescents. Legislators considered provisions of the FSPTCA restricting tobacco advertising and labeling key to realizing the law's intended health benefits. But a lawsuit now before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit challenges the tobacco marketing restrictions as impermissible restraints on tobacco companies' commercial speech rights under the First Amendment. This article analyzes the constitutionality of each FSPTCA tobacco advertising and labeling restriction in light of U.S. Supreme Court decisions defining the extent of First Amendment protection for commercial speech, prior efforts to restrict tobacco marketing, and the outcomes of legal challenges to some of the prior marketing restrictions. Several of the FSPTCA tobacco advertising and labeling restrictions were drafted with insufficient accommodations for tobacco companies' First Amendment right to convey and consumers' First Amendment right to receive truthful information about lawful tobacco products and are therefore unconstitutional as currently written.

  7. In the Maelstrom of American Independent Education: A School Leader's Guide to Chaos, Change, Competing Agendas, and the Dilemmas that Won't Go Away

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valentine, Stephen J.

    2014-01-01

    Today, independent school leaders operate at the fault line of pundits, parents, teachers, staff, students, board members, researchers, consultants, and more. They need to lead key constituents while weighing constituent expectations. They need to know how to sift through the increasing flow of evolving practices, research, and viewpoints…

  8. When whole-genome alignments just won't work: kSNP v2 software for alignment-free SNP discovery and phylogenetics of hundreds of microbial genomes.

    PubMed

    Gardner, Shea N; Hall, Barry G

    2013-01-01

    Effective use of rapid and inexpensive whole genome sequencing for microbes requires fast, memory efficient bioinformatics tools for sequence comparison. The kSNP v2 software finds single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in whole genome data. kSNP v2 has numerous improvements over kSNP v1 including SNP gene annotation; better scaling for draft genomes available as assembled contigs or raw, unassembled reads; a tool to identify the optimal value of k; distribution of packages of executables for Linux and Mac OS X for ease of installation and user-friendly use; and a detailed User Guide. SNP discovery is based on k-mer analysis, and requires no multiple sequence alignment or the selection of a single reference genome. Most target sets with hundreds of genomes complete in minutes to hours. SNP phylogenies are built by maximum likelihood, parsimony, and distance, based on all SNPs, only core SNPs, or SNPs present in some intermediate user-specified fraction of targets. The SNP-based trees that result are consistent with known taxonomy. kSNP v2 can handle many gigabases of sequence in a single run, and if one or more annotated genomes are included in the target set, SNPs are annotated with protein coding and other information (UTRs, etc.) from Genbank file(s). We demonstrate application of kSNP v2 on sets of viral and bacterial genomes, and discuss in detail analysis of a set of 68 finished E. coli and Shigella genomes and a set of the same genomes to which have been added 47 assemblies and four "raw read" genomes of H104:H4 strains from the recent European E. coli outbreak that resulted in both bloody diarrhea and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), and caused at least 50 deaths.

  9. "You've Got to Teach People that Racism Is Wrong and Then They Won't Be Racist": Curricular Representations and Young People&'s Understandings of "Race" and Racism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryan, Audrey

    2012-01-01

    This paper critically examines the discursive (mis) representation of "race" and racism in the formal curriculum. Combining qualitative data derived from interviews with 35 young people who were enrolled in a Dublin-based, ethnically diverse secondary school, with a critical discursive analysis of 20 textbooks, the paper explores…

  10. Elementary School Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning By Design, 2001

    2001-01-01

    Highlights elementary school construction projects that have won the Learning By Design Awards for 2001. Projects covered involve new school construction; and renovation, additions, and restoration. (GR)

  11. Other School Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning By Design, 2001

    2001-01-01

    Highlights selected construction projects for learning centers, early childhood and development schools, and special purpose educational facilities that have won the Learning By Design Awards for 2001.(GR)

  12. Sickle cell trait in Ivory Coast athletic champions, 1956-1989.

    PubMed

    Le Gallais, D; Préfaut, C; Dulat, C; Macabies, J; Lonsdorfer, J

    1991-10-01

    Thirteen sickle cell trait carriers (SCTC) were found among 129 Ivory Coast champions or record holders in races for the period from 1956 to 1989 (10.1%). These 13 SCTC won 33 titles and national records (7.0%): 32 (12.5%) in races of 400 m or less and only one (0.004%) in races of 800 m or more, and the highest-performing SCTC won 8 titles and national records. A comparison with non-SCTC Ivory Coast champions shows that SCTC won significantly fewer titles than non-SCTC in long-distance races and that they won fewer titles during their careers.

  13. More than a golden hello.

    PubMed

    Janstarkers

    2017-08-02

    Golden hellos for nurses are okay, but won't improve retention of staff. As soon as new recruits learn how short-staffed wards are and how few trained nurses are on shifts, they won't stay long anyway.

  14. Ralph Bunche's International Legacy: The Middle East, Congo, and United Nations Peacekeeping

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyman, Princeton N.

    2004-01-01

    Ralph Bunche is remembered most for three major achievements in the international field. His mediation of the end of the first Israel-Arab war, for which he won the Nobel Peace Prize; his work in the tumultuous period of independence in the Congo; and his "invention" of United Nations peacekeeping, which itself won the Nobel Peace Prize…

  15. Title Attributes of Successful Books in the United States: 1910-1990.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, William C.

    This study examined titles of successful books, i.e., those that were best sellers or won literary prizes. In all, 3,239 titles in 71 lists by decade were characterized. The single largest category was popular general fiction followed by general nonfiction. About 49% of the titles won or were nominated for awards, and 45% were best sellers. Most…

  16. Student Rights: Winds of Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pepe, Thomas J.

    1973-01-01

    In the area of constitutional rights, especially the First Amendment, in the last five years students have won the right to wear political armbands and protest buttons, and to demonstrate peacefully on school grounds. They have also won the right to voice dissent in school publications, distribute materials on school grounds, and be free from…

  17. Ralph Bunche's International Legacy: The Middle East, Congo, and United Nations Peacekeeping

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyman, Princeton N.

    2004-01-01

    Ralph Bunche is remembered most for three major achievements in the international field. His mediation of the end of the first Israel-Arab war, for which he won the Nobel Peace Prize; his work in the tumultuous period of independence in the Congo; and his "invention" of United Nations peacekeeping, which itself won the Nobel Peace Prize…

  18. Sanctuary … and Other Notes from the "NEJHE" Beat …

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harney, John O.

    2016-01-01

    How will higher education fare under a President Donald Trump? According to this author, the campaign's misogyny shouldn't sit well with a student body that is now majority female, its disavowal of climate changes won't impress research universities, and the xenophobia won't help economies and cultures bolstered by foreign enrollment. The number…

  19. Sanctuary … and Other Notes from the "NEJHE" Beat …

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harney, John O.

    2016-01-01

    How will higher education fare under a President Donald Trump? According to this author, the campaign's misogyny shouldn't sit well with a student body that is now majority female, its disavowal of climate changes won't impress research universities, and the xenophobia won't help economies and cultures bolstered by foreign enrollment. The number…

  20. [An analysis of cost and profit of a nursing unit using performance-based costing: case of a general surgical ward in a general hospital].

    PubMed

    Lim, Ji Young

    2008-02-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze net income of a surgical nursing ward in a general hospital. Data collection and analysis was conducted using a performance-based costing and activity-based costing method. Direct nursing activities in the surgical ward were 68, indirect nursing activities were 10. The total cost volume of the surgical ward was calculated at won 119,913,334.5. The cost volume of the allocated medical department was won 91,588,200.3, and the ward consumed cost was won 28,325,134.2. The revenue of the surgical nursing ward was won 33,269,925.0. The expense of a surgical nursing ward was 28,325,134.2. Therefore, the net income of a surgical nursing ward was won 4,944,790.8. We suggest that to develop a more refined nursing cost calculation model, a standard nursing cost calculation system needs to be developed.

  1. Inflammatory Bile Duct Obstruction during the Healing Stage of Severe Acute Pancreatitis.

    PubMed

    Yamabe, Akane; Irisawa, Atsushi; Shibukawa, Goro; Sato, Ai; Fujisawa, Mariko; Arakawa, Noriyuki; Yoshida, Yoshitsugu; Igarashi, Ryo; Maki, Takumi; Yamamoto, Shogo; Ikeda, Tsunehiko; Abe, Yoko; Hoshi, Koki

    2017-01-01

    The patient was a 62-year-old woman with a history of severe acute pancreatitis complicated by walled-off necrosis (WON), who developed obstructive jaundice during the recovery phase from WON. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) revealed the complete obstruction of the distal bile duct, and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) revealed thickening of the duct wall, with a uniform distribution, and a relatively well-preserved layered structure. A cytopathological examination using ERCP showed no malignancy. The underlying etiology of this case may have been the formation of a cicatricial stricture during the resolution of WON, in addition to fibrosis caused by the spreading of inflammation from pancreatitis.

  2. An Angle of Vision: Black Women and the United States Constitution, 1787-1987.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hine, Darlene Clark

    1988-01-01

    Analyzes how Black women fought for and won basic citizenship rights in the United States. Cites examples which show how the struggle of Black women helped to transform the U.S. Constitution. (Author/BSR)

  3. New marketing mix stresses service.

    PubMed

    Collier, D A

    1991-01-01

    The seven Ps of service management include some nontraditional ingredients to help formulate marketing strategy. Two examples illustrate how competitive advantage can be won or lost based on applying or ignoring the seven Ps.

  4. Toxocariasis (For Parents)

    MedlinePlus

    ... español Toxocariasis When common parasites of dogs and cats infect humans, the illness is called toxocariasis (or ... or kids whose families have pet dogs or cats. Signs and Symptoms Many kids won't have ...

  5. 26 CFR 301.7624-1 - Reimbursement to State and local law enforcement agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... trace of narcotics is found. The driver claims the cash was won in a high stakes poker game. The officer... refund by the taxpayer of the taxes recovered as provided in subchapter B of chapter 66 of the Code or...

  6. 26 CFR 301.7624-1 - Reimbursement to State and local law enforcement agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... trace of narcotics is found. The driver claims the cash was won in a high stakes poker game. The officer... refund by the taxpayer of the taxes recovered as provided in subchapter B of chapter 66 of the Code or...

  7. 26 CFR 301.7624-1 - Reimbursement to State and local law enforcement agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... trace of narcotics is found. The driver claims the cash was won in a high stakes poker game. The officer... refund by the taxpayer of the taxes recovered as provided in subchapter B of chapter 66 of the Code or...

  8. UK businesses bag innovation awards

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Banks, Michael

    2015-09-01

    Five UK firms have received innovation awards from the Institute of Physics (IOP), which publishes Physics World. Hallmarq Veterinary Imaging, Metrasens, M Squared Lasers, Silixa and Tracerco have all won an IOP award for developing new innovative products.

  9. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Preferred Builders, Old Greenwich, Connecticut

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2013-04-01

    The first Challenge Home built in New England features cool-roof shingles, HERS 20–42, and walls densely packed with blown fiberglass. This house won a 2013 Housing Innovation Award in the custom builder category.

  10. Careers and people

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2016-08-01

    A team of scientists led by defence physicist Dennis Baum has won the International Ballistics Society's Neill Griffiths Award for developing a new method of severing the connection between an offshore drilling rig and the seabed.

  11. Canalith Repositioning Procedure

    MedlinePlus

    ... for balance (vestibular labyrinth). BPPV occurs when tiny particles called otoconia in one part of your inner ... organs (utricle) in your ear. Once there, these particles won't cause vertigo and will likely dissolve ...

  12. FIRST LEGO League announces State Championship winners

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2007-12-08

    PEAK Home School Network Team 1832 'Techno Warriors' of Brandon sport the Champions Award they won during the Dec. 8 FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) LEGO League 2007 Mississippi Championship Tournament.

  13. Hereditary Hemochromatosis (For Parents)

    MedlinePlus

    ... defect or a health problem that affects iron absorption, such as alcohol abuse or hepatitis , an inflammation ... oolong teas have tannins, which help reduce iron absorption. (Herbal teas won't help because they don' ...

  14. Lower Back Tattoo: OK to Have an Epidural?

    MedlinePlus

    ... and delivery, postpartum care Could a lower back tattoo keep me from having an epidural during labor? ... Yvonne Butler Tobah, M.D. A lower back tattoo won't necessarily prevent you from having an ...

  15. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Rh Incompatibility?

    MedlinePlus

    ... body can replace them. Red blood cells contain hemoglobin (HEE-muh-glow-bin), an iron-rich protein ... the body. Without enough red blood cells and hemoglobin, the baby won't get enough oxygen. Hemolytic ...

  16. 1978 Pacemaker Newspaper Awards: What Makes a Pacemaker?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brasler, Wayne

    1979-01-01

    Lists the nine high school and college newspapers, and the one newsmagazine, that won Pacemaker Awards in 1978; discusses characteristics that make each of them outstanding, and provides reproductions of a front page from each publication. (GT)

  17. Head Injuries

    MedlinePlus

    ... won't stop crying complains of head and neck pain (younger or nonverbal children may be more fussy) ... vision pupils of unequal size weakness or paralysis neck pain or stiffness seizure If your child is unconscious: ...

  18. High-Dose Vitamin D Failed to Curb Heart Disease in Study

    MedlinePlus

    ... medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_164472.html High-Dose Vitamin D Failed to Curb Heart Disease in Study ... 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Taking high doses of vitamin D once a month won't lower your ...

  19. 3 CFR 8487 - Proclamation 8487 of March 31, 2010. Cesar Chavez Day, 2010

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... The rights and benefits working Americans enjoy today were not easily gained; they had to be won. It... drinking water, toilets, and other basic necessities. The union Cesar later founded with Dolores...

  20. Q&A: Brian Schmidt

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hodson, Richard

    2016-09-01

    In 1998, Brian Schmidt discovered that, contrary to expectations, the expansion of the Universe is accelerating. The discovery won him a share of the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics and launched the search to uncover the nature of dark energy.

  1. 1978 Pacemaker Newspaper Awards: What Makes a Pacemaker?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brasler, Wayne

    1979-01-01

    Lists the nine high school and college newspapers, and the one newsmagazine, that won Pacemaker Awards in 1978; discusses characteristics that make each of them outstanding, and provides reproductions of a front page from each publication. (GT)

  2. Plotting a course from Paris

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2015-12-01

    A new climate agreement won't solve climate change, but it should nudge the world onto a lower-emissions path. Research must drive deeper transformations by translating proposed solutions into workable action.

  3. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: StreetScape Development, LLC, Libertyville, Illinois

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2013-09-01

    These single-family, HERS 45 homes incorporate 2×6 wood framed walls with R-20 open cell spray insulation and OSB. The builder, StreetScape Development, won a 2013 Housing Innovation Award in the custom builder category.

  4. Condensed-matter trio scoop Dirac prize

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Durrani, Matin

    2012-09-01

    Three condensed-matter physicists, who have advanced our understanding of a strange type of material known as a "topological insulator", have won this year's Dirac medal from the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) in Trieste, Italy.

  5. Filtrates and Residues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reeves, Robert, Ed.

    1985-01-01

    Discusses: (1) applications of chemistry problems encountered in the forensic science laboratory; (2) chemistry and the courtroom (inspired by a Sherlock Holmes story); and (3) the 41 women who have won the Garvan award for achievement in chemistry. (JN)

  6. Filtrates and Residues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reeves, Robert, Ed.

    1985-01-01

    Discusses: (1) applications of chemistry problems encountered in the forensic science laboratory; (2) chemistry and the courtroom (inspired by a Sherlock Holmes story); and (3) the 41 women who have won the Garvan award for achievement in chemistry. (JN)

  7. Fluoxetine

    MedlinePlus

    Fluoxetine (Prozac) is used to treat depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (bothersome thoughts that won't go away and the need to perform certain actions over and over), some eating disorders, and panic attacks ( ...

  8. EPA Grantee Wins HEI's 2013 Walter A. Rosenblith New Investigator Award

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Dr. Nga Lee recently won the HEI Walter A. Rosenblith New Investigator Award based on her proposed research efforts investigating the oxidative properties of particulate matter PM mixtures, specifically secondary organic aerosols.

  9. Eating Tips for People with Cirrhosis

    MedlinePlus

    ... Combat Veterans & their Families Readjustment Counseling (Vet Centers) War Related Illness & Injury Study Center Homeless Veterans Returning ... more. But all the water pills in the world won't help if you eat salty foods, ...

  10. Plantar Fasciitis

    MedlinePlus

    ... probably won't need to stop walking or running altogether.If you have either flatfeet or a high arch, ask your doctor about using inserts for your shoes called orthotics. Orthotics are arch supports. You will ...

  11. Ten-minute chat.

    PubMed

    Day, Liz Edmondson

    2016-07-02

    Liz Edmondson Day is the practice manager at Stanley House Veterinary Group, which recently won the Employer of the Year category in the 2016 Pendle Business Awards, which are intended to recognise high achieving businesses in the area.

  12. Whiteface, Texas students receive Presidents Environmental Education Award for helping to eliminate Arsenic

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    DALLAS - (July 17, 2015) Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced that eight middle school children from Whiteface, Texas won the President's Environmental Youth Award for their work to fight arsenic-a public health threat. The awar

  13. 47 CFR 24.11 - Initial authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... applicant must file a single application for an initial authorization for all markets won and frequency blocks desired. (b) Blanket licenses are granted for each market and frequency block. Applications for...

  14. Technology and equipment: essentials of the art of evaluation, negotiation, and acquisition.

    PubMed

    Friedman, V

    1993-07-01

    The competition for scarce finances for equipment/technology purchases can be won with careful preparation and documentation. Planning and implementing effective negotiation strategies can lower the cost of new technology acquisitions.

  15. Needle Biopsy

    MedlinePlus

    ... before the procedure. Preparing for sedation or general anesthesia In certain cases, you may receive intravenous (IV) ... need to stop taking certain medications before undergoing anesthesia. You won't be able to return to ...

  16. Vaccines Stop Illness

    MedlinePlus

    Skip Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Vaccines Stop Illness Past Issues / Spring 2008 Table of ... meningitis won't infect, cripple, or kill children. Vaccine Safety In light of recent questions about vaccine ...

  17. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Amerisips Homes — Miller-Bloch Residence, Johns Island, SC

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2014-09-01

    For this DOE Zero Energy Ready Home that won a Custom Builder award in the 2014 Housing Innovation Awards, the builder uses structural insulated panels to construct the entire building shell, including the roof, walls, and floor of the home.

  18. Down Syndrome May Not Be Big Financial Burden on Families

    MedlinePlus

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_162595.html Down Syndrome May Not Be Big Financial Burden on Families ... HealthDay News) -- Although families with a child with Down syndrome do face extra medical expenses, they probably won' ...

  19. NASA's Space Launch System Building Orion Adapter

    NASA Image and Video Library

    NASA is hard at work designing the nation's next flagship rocket, a heavy-lift launch vehicle that will carry explorers deeper into space than ever before. While the first full-configuration won't ...

  20. Initiating Improvements: The HR Department as the Architect of Quality-of-Life Initiatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reis, Frank William

    2002-01-01

    Describes how a wellness program, campus safety and security program, and institutional knowledge management program are succeeding at Cuyahoga Community College after the human resources (HR) department won administrative support for their implementation. (EV)

  1. Personal Stories | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    MedlinePlus

    ... 2012 Table of Contents "I Plead with People…Go Get Checked for Diabetes!" Carol Dixon (right), diagnosed ... all," she says. "I plead with people to go get checked for diabetes annually. Otherwise, you won' ...

  2. Encephalitis (For Parents)

    MedlinePlus

    ... syphilis. Certain parasites, like toxoplasmosis (found in infected cat feces), can also cause encephalitis in people with ... that won't stop Reviewed by: Nicole A. Green, MD Date reviewed: April 2013 previous 1 • 2 • ...

  3. RNA interference: unraveling a mystery.

    PubMed

    Montgomery, Mary K

    2006-12-01

    Andrew Fire and Craig Mello have won the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology for their discovery of RNA interference. Mary K. Montgomery, then a postdoc in the Fire laboratory, participated in some of the key experiments.

  4. Helping Your Kids Cope with Your Divorce

    MedlinePlus

    ... parents won't feel like they have to love one parent more than the other. Keep everyday life as normal as possible. You may be tempted to relax the rules, but this can actually make kids more insecure. ...

  5. Lugoff-Elgin HS Students Exercise First Amendment Rights to Save Principal's Job.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickey, Beth

    1992-01-01

    Describes how high school students at Lugoff-Elgin High School in South Carolina exercised their first amendment rights of free press and speech and won the first round in a fight to save their principal's job. (SR)

  6. FDA Approves New Treatment for Dust Mite Allergies

    MedlinePlus

    ... 163882.html FDA Approves New Treatment for Dust Mite Allergies Odactra is a year-round treatment for ... 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A new treatment for dust mite allergies has won approval from the U.S. Food ...

  7. Electric Shock Injuries in Children

    MedlinePlus

    ... appliances, or tools are used incorrectly or when electric current makes contact with water in which a child ... sturdy, dry, nonmetallic object that won't conduct electricity. Move the child as little as possible because ...

  8. Albinism

    MedlinePlus

    ... condition where people are born without the usual pigment (color) in their bodies. Their bodies aren't ... gene and the other parent has a normal pigment gene, their children won't have oculocutaneous albinism. ...

  9. 78 FR 8347 - National African American History Month, 2013

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-06

    ... freedom won and honor the individuals who wrote them. We look back to the men and women who helped raise... listen to the echoes of speeches and struggle that made our Nation stronger, and we hear again...

  10. Antidepressants During Pregnancy Safe for Baby

    MedlinePlus

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_166353.html Antidepressants During Pregnancy Safe for Baby: Study It finds ... News) -- Expectant mothers, if you're taking an antidepressant it won't make your newborn cranky or ...

  11. Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea

    MedlinePlus

    ... treatment. C. difficile infection C. difficile is a toxin-producing bacteria that causes antibiotic-associated colitis, which ... doctor feels they're necessary. Antibiotics can treat bacterial infections, but they won't help viral infections, ...

  12. Argonne National Laboratory Wins EPA Federal Green Challenge Award

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    CHICAGO -- The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency today announced that the Argonne National Laboratory has won Federal Green Challenge awards for waste reduction, transportation and electronics. The Challenge encourages federal agencies throughout the na

  13. Making 'Tractor Beams' a Reality (Eventually)

    NASA Image and Video Library

    Tractor beams -- the ability to trap and move objects using laser light -- are the stuff of science fiction, but a team of NASA scientists has won funding to study the concept for remotely capturin...

  14. Asteroid Redirect Mission Robotic Trajectory and Crew Operations

    NASA Image and Video Library

    This concept animation opens with a rendering of the mission's spacecraft trajectory, rendezvous, and approach to asteroid 2008 EV5. Although the mission's target asteroid won't officially be selec...

  15. Careers and people

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2015-05-01

    Adrian Liu's work in the emerging field of hydrogen astronomy has won him a string of plaudits, including a Hubble Fellowship from the Space Telescope Science Institute and, most recently, the first ever Origins Project Postdoctoral Prize Lectureship.

  16. Tachycardia

    MedlinePlus

    ... fast heartbeat. Common types of tachycardia include: Atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation is a rapid heart rate caused by chaotic, ... rapid, uncoordinated, weak contractions of the atria. Atrial fibrillation may be temporary, but some episodes won't ...

  17. Global Issues and the Precautionary Principle

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brody, Charlotte

    2005-01-01

    The author observes that environmental science is finding that industrial chemicals act like pharmaceuticals: a dose that won't hurt an adult can harm a fetus or a child; an amount that won't harm the mother can hurt her child in utero; some people are more sensitive than others to the effect; and one substance can interact with others and cause a…

  18. South Africa: Current Issues and U.S. Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-20

    almost 900 soldiers to the U.N. Operation in Burundi (ONUB), where former President Nelson Mandela played a leading role in brokering a peace...racial segregation, won control of the National Assembly. The Assembly chose as President Nelson Mandela , the ANC leader who had been released from...Assembly to succeed Mandela . Mbeki retained his position as President following the April 2004 parliamentary elections, in which the ANC won almost 70

  19. China in Africa: America’s Soft Power Challenge

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    Has Not Won Over Africans" Center for Strategic and’ International Studies. http://csis.org/blog/why-africom-has-not-won-over-africans. Michel, Serge ...exportation of indigenous persons to become slaves in foreign lands.) 6 Serge Michel and Michel Beuret, China Safari: On the Trail of Beijing’s...US AFRICOM Public Affairs, US Africa Command Home, http://www.africom.mil/getArticle.asp?art==2152& lang =O (Arab Republic of Egypt remains a part of

  20. US Army and the strategy of punitive measures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-26

    how they brought about the peaceful conflict resolution. Carl von Clausewitz writes that war is a contest of wills. This contest is won by imposing...brought about the peaceful conflict resolution. Carl von Clausewitz writes that war is a contest of wills. This contest is won by imposing will upon an...has stymied a transition to conflict resolution and achieving political objectives. Carl von Clausewitz writes that war is a contest of wills. This

  1. What It? How Apportionment Methods Choose Our Presidents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caulfield, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    What if Stephen Douglas instead of Abraham Lincoln had won the U.S. presidential election of 1860? What if John F. Kennedy had not carried some of the eight states he won by 2 percentage points or fewer in 1960? What if six hundred more people in Florida had voted for Al Gore in 2000? And what if, in that same year, the U.S. House of…

  2. Confrontation Analysis: How to Win Operations Other Than War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-08-01

    supposedly won an election. But the secular government of Morya, headed by President Saldin , hoping for Western support, annulled the election results. ISRA...thereupon began a bloody revolt and Saldin asked for Western help. The UN approved the sending of UNFORMOR with a mandate not to take sides, but to...that they have already won elections. President Saldin has gone along with the plan until now in order keep Western support, but he really wants the

  3. Expedition 19 Docks to ISS

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-03-27

    12-year-old Anna Chibiskova of Moscow speaks during the Soyuz post-docking press conference at the Russian mission Control Center in Korolev, Russia on Saturday March 28, 2009. Chibiskova was the winner of an International logo design contest for the Expedition 19 mission. Stas Pyatkin, (not pictured) from the Uglegorsk Amur region, won third place and 12-year-old Keytlin Riley (not pictured) from New York won second place. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)

  4. Kosovo and U.S. Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-07-18

    numbers of ethnic Serbs and Roma ( Gypsies ) left the province, mainly for Serbia and Montenegro. UNHCR estimated that over 200,000 Serbs and Roma left...census) Ethnic Composition: 82.2% Albanian; 9.9% Serbian. Smaller groups include Muslims, Roma , Montenegrins, Turks and others. (1991 Yugoslav census...Four small ethnic Albanian parties won one seat each. The remaining 13 seats were won by parties representing the Bosniak, Turkish and Roma communities

  5. Kosovo and U.S. Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-09

    numbers of ethnic Serbs and Roma ( Gypsies ) left the province, mainly for Serbia and Montenegro. UNHCR estimated that over 200,000 Serbs and Roma ...Albanian; 9.9% Serbian. Smaller groups include Muslims, Roma , Montenegrins, Turks and others. (1991 Yugoslav census) Although the war in Kosovo had...seats. Four small ethnic Albanian parties won one seat each. The remaining 13 seats were won by parties representing the Bosniak, Turkish and Roma

  6. What is the Post-War Role of the U.S. Military?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-06

    The 2010 QDDR “Leading Through Civilian Power” goes some way in attempting to address this issue, although some say it is the militarization of...history we can see the broad theme repeated in WWI : The Allies have won the war. But how have we won? The process is full of warning. We were...Civilian Power” makes progress addressing this issue, although some in the Interagency Community argue that it is the militarization of foreign

  7. What It? How Apportionment Methods Choose Our Presidents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caulfield, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    What if Stephen Douglas instead of Abraham Lincoln had won the U.S. presidential election of 1860? What if John F. Kennedy had not carried some of the eight states he won by 2 percentage points or fewer in 1960? What if six hundred more people in Florida had voted for Al Gore in 2000? And what if, in that same year, the U.S. House of…

  8. Global Issues and the Precautionary Principle

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brody, Charlotte

    2005-01-01

    The author observes that environmental science is finding that industrial chemicals act like pharmaceuticals: a dose that won't hurt an adult can harm a fetus or a child; an amount that won't harm the mother can hurt her child in utero; some people are more sensitive than others to the effect; and one substance can interact with others and cause a…

  9. [Cost analysis of home care with activity-based costing (ABC)].

    PubMed

    Lee, Su-Jeong

    2004-10-01

    This study was carried out to substantiate the application process of activity-based costing on the current cost of hospital home care (HHC) service. The study materials were documents, 120 client charts, health insurance demand bills, salary of 215 HHC nurses, operating expense, 6 HHC agencies, and 31 HHC nurses. The research was carried out by analyzing the HHC activities and then collecting labor and operating expenses. For resource drivers, HHC activity performance time and workload were studied. For activity drivers, the number of HHC activity performances and the activity number of visits were studied. The HHC activities were classified into 70 activities. In resource, the labor cost was 245 won per minute, operating cost was 9,570 won per visit and traffic expense was an average of 12,750 won. In resource drivers, education and training had the longest time of 67 minutes. Average length of performance for activities was 13.7 minutes. The workload was applied as a relative value. The average cost of HHC was 62,741 won and the cost ranged from 55,560 won to 74,016 won. The fixed base rate for a visit in the current HHC medical fee should be increased. Exclusion from the current fee structure or flexible operation of traveling expenses should be reviewed.

  10. Endoscopic Therapy With Lumen-apposing Metal Stents Is Safe and Effective for Patients With Pancreatic Walled-off Necrosis.

    PubMed

    Sharaiha, Reem Z; Tyberg, Amy; Khashab, Mouen A; Kumta, Nikhil A; Karia, Kunal; Nieto, Jose; Siddiqui, Uzma D; Waxman, Irving; Joshi, Virendra; Benias, Petros C; Darwin, Peter; DiMaio, Christopher J; Mulder, Christopher J; Friedland, Shai; Forcione, David G; Sejpal, Divyesh V; Gonda, Tamas A; Gress, Frank G; Gaidhane, Monica; Koons, Ann; DeFilippis, Ersilia M; Salgado, Sanjay; Weaver, Kristen R; Poneros, John M; Sethi, Amrita; Ho, Sammy; Kumbhari, Vivek; Singh, Vikesh K; Tieu, Alan H; Parra, Viviana; Likhitsup, Alisa; Womeldorph, Craig; Casey, Brenna; Jonnalagadda, Sreeni S; Desai, Amit P; Carr-Locke, David L; Kahaleh, Michel; Siddiqui, Ali A

    2016-12-01

    Endoscopic ultrasound-guided transmural drainage and necrosectomy have become the standard treatment for patients with pancreatic walled-off necrosis (WON). Lumen-apposing metal stents (LAMS) have shown success in the management of pancreatic fluid collections. However, there are few data on their specific roles in management of WON. We investigated the efficacy and safety of LAMS in treatment of WON. We performed a retrospective multicenter case series of 124 patients with WON who underwent endoscopic transmural drainage by using LAMS at 17 tertiary care centers from January 2014 through May 2015. Patients underwent endoscopic ultrasound-guided cystogastrostomy or cystoenterostomy with placement of an LAMS into the WON collection. At the discretion of the endoscopist, we performed direct endoscopic necrosectomy, irrigation with hydrogen peroxide, and/or nasocystic drain placement. We performed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with pancreatic duct stent placement when indicated. Concomitant therapies included direct endoscopic debridement (n = 78), pancreatic duct stent placement for leak (n = 19), hydrogen peroxide-assisted necrosectomy (n = 38), and nasocystic irrigation (n = 22). We collected data for a median time of 4 months (range, 1-34 months) after the LAMS placement. The primary outcomes were rates of technical success (successful placement of the LAMS), clinical success (resolution of WON, on the basis of image analysis, without need for further intervention via surgery or interventional radiology), and adverse events. The median size of the WON was 9.5 cm (range, 4-30 cm). Eight patients had 2 LAMS placed for multiport access, all with technical success (100%). Clinical success was achieved in 107 patients (86.3%) after 3 months of follow-up. Thirteen patients required a percutaneous drain, and 3 required a surgical intervention to manage their WON. The stents remained patent in 94% of patients (117 of 124) and migrated in 5.6% of

  11. Endoscopic extra-cavitary drainage of pancreatic necrosis with fully covered self-expanding metal stents (fcSEMS) and staged lavage with a high-flow water jet system

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Ioana B.; Gutierrez, Juan P.; Ramesh, Jayapal; Wilcox, C. Mel; Mönkemüller, Klaus E.

    2015-01-01

    Aim: To present a novel, less-invasive method of endoscopic drainage (ED) for walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WON).We describe the feasibility, success rate, and complications of combined ED extra-cavitary lavage and debridement of WON using a biliary catheter and high-flow water jet system (water pump). Patients and methods: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided drainage was performed with insertion of two 7-Fr, 4-cm double pigtail stents. Subsequently a fully covered self-expanding metal stent (fcSEMS) was placed. The key aspect of the debridement was the insertion of a 5-Fr biliary catheter through or along the fcSEMS into the cavity, with ensuing saline lavage using a high-flow water jet system. The patients were then brought back for repeated, planned endoscopic lavages of the WON. No endoscopic intra-cavitary exploration was performed. Results: A total of 17 patients (15 men, 2 women; mean age 52.6, range 24 – 69; mean American Society of Anesthesiologists [ASA] score of 3) underwent ED of WON with this new method. The mean initial WON diameter was 9.5 cm, range 8 to 26 cm. The total number of ED was 84, range 2 to 13. The mean stenting period was 42.5 days. The mean follow-up was 51 days, range 3 to 370. A resolution of the WON was achieved in 14 patients (82.3 %). There were no major complications associated with this method. Conclusion: ED of complex WON with fcSEMS followed by repeated endoscopic extra-cavitary lavage and debridement using a biliary catheter and high-flow water jet system is a minimally invasive, feasible method with high technical and clinical success and minimal complications. PMID:26135660

  12. Endoscopic extra-cavitary drainage of pancreatic necrosis with fully covered self-expanding metal stents (fcSEMS) and staged lavage with a high-flow water jet system.

    PubMed

    Smith, Ioana B; Gutierrez, Juan P; Ramesh, Jayapal; Wilcox, C Mel; Mönkemüller, Klaus E

    2015-04-01

    To present a novel, less-invasive method of endoscopic drainage (ED) for walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WON).We describe the feasibility, success rate, and complications of combined ED extra-cavitary lavage and debridement of WON using a biliary catheter and high-flow water jet system (water pump). Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided drainage was performed with insertion of two 7-Fr, 4-cm double pigtail stents. Subsequently a fully covered self-expanding metal stent (fcSEMS) was placed. The key aspect of the debridement was the insertion of a 5-Fr biliary catheter through or along the fcSEMS into the cavity, with ensuing saline lavage using a high-flow water jet system. The patients were then brought back for repeated, planned endoscopic lavages of the WON. No endoscopic intra-cavitary exploration was performed. A total of 17 patients (15 men, 2 women; mean age 52.6, range 24 - 69; mean American Society of Anesthesiologists [ASA] score of 3) underwent ED of WON with this new method. The mean initial WON diameter was 9.5 cm, range 8 to 26 cm. The total number of ED was 84, range 2 to 13. The mean stenting period was 42.5 days. The mean follow-up was 51 days, range 3 to 370. A resolution of the WON was achieved in 14 patients (82.3 %). There were no major complications associated with this method. ED of complex WON with fcSEMS followed by repeated endoscopic extra-cavitary lavage and debridement using a biliary catheter and high-flow water jet system is a minimally invasive, feasible method with high technical and clinical success and minimal complications.

  13. Modified single transluminal gateway transcystic multiple drainage technique for a huge infected walled-off pancreatic necrosis: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Minaga, Kosuke; Kitano, Masayuki; Imai, Hajime; Yamao, Kentaro; Kamata, Ken; Miyata, Takeshi; Matsuda, Tomohiko; Omoto, Shunsuke; Kadosaka, Kumpei; Yoshikawa, Tomoe; Kudo, Masatoshi

    2016-01-01

    We report a successful endoscopic ultrasonography-guided drainage of a huge infected multilocular walled-off necrosis (WON) that was treated by a modified single transluminal gateway transcystic multiple drainage (SGTMD) technique. After placing a wide-caliber fully covered metal stent, follow-up computed tomography revealed an undrained subcavity of WON. A large fistula that was created by the wide-caliber metal stent enabled the insertion of a forward-viewing upper endoscope directly into the main cavity, and the narrow connection route within the main cavity to the subcavity was identified with a direct view, leading to the successful drainage of the subcavity. This modified SGTMD technique appears to be useful for seeking connection routes between subcavities of WON in some cases. PMID:27275106

  14. The most important points in grand slam singles tennis.

    PubMed

    O'Donoghue, P G

    2001-06-01

    A computerized data management system was used to enter details of points played in 252 tennis matches from the men's and women's singles events of all four Grand Slam tournaments over a 2-year period. A supplementary data analysis system was developed to determine the proportion of points won by each player on serve at each game score from love all to deuce as well as the proportion of games the player went on to win from each score. Analysis of the 43 matches in which both players served at each score from love all to deuce revealed that the proportion of points won by the server was not significantly influenced by score, F(15, 495) = 0.8, p > .05. A further analysis of the 175 matches consisting of at least 100 points revealed that the proportion of points won by the superior player was not significantly influenced by gender, F(1, 165) = 0.1, p > .05, or surface, F(3, 165) = 0.1, p > .05. However, the proportion of points won when serving was significantly greater in men's singles than women's singles, F(1, 165) = 69.7, p < .001, R2 = .30. Surface also had a significant influence on the proportion of points won when serving, F(3, 165) = 8.1, p < .001, R2 = .13, with a significantly greater proportion of points won when serving by both winning and losing players at Wimbledon than at the Australian and French Opens, p < .05. This suggests that gender and surface should be accounted for when determining the importance of points in Grand Slam tennis.

  15. Technophilic hubris and espionage styles during the Cold War.

    PubMed

    Macrakis, Kristie

    2010-06-01

    During the Cold War the United States developed an espionage style that reflected its love affair with technology (technophilia) whereas the Soviet Union and the East Bloc continued a tradition of using humans to collect intelligence. This essay places the origins and development of these espionage styles during the Cold War in historical and social context, and assesses their strengths and weaknesses by drawing on examples from particular cases. While the United States won the Cold War, the East Bloc won the spy wars because of a more effective espionage style. I conclude with some reflections on the uses of history for future policy, and suggest areas for further study.

  16. Paramont's Black Bear No. 4 mine does it right, again

    SciTech Connect

    Sanda, A.

    2007-07-15

    The Paramont Coal Company Virginia, LLC, a subsidiary of Alpha Natural Resources, recently won the '2007 overall award for excellence in mining and reclamation from the Virginia Division of Mined Land Reclamation and the Virginia Mining Association. Coal People Magazine recently visited Black Bear No. 4 mine where a settling pond was being removed and stream bed placed to drain the area, part of the 451-acre award winning reclamation project. The article recounts discussions with mining engineers about the company's operations with emphasis on the Black Bear No. 4 mine. Black Bear No. 1 mine won five state and national awards last year for conservation and land management practices. 8 photos.

  17. Coup D’Oeil: Strategic Intuition in Army Planning

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-11-01

    the ground, yes, but also brains on the ground. And brains solve problems by coup d’oeil. ENDNOTES 1. Roger Sperry won the Nobel Prize in 1981 for his...Wales, Australia: Currency, 2002. Klein follows in the footsteps of Herbert Simon, who won the 1978 Nobel Prize in Economics for his work on 42 expert...certain, they do not refer to reality." Albert Einstein , "Geometry and Experience," Lecture at the Prussian Academy of Sciences, January 27,1921, cited in

  18. Physicist bags Templeton prize

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Banks, Michael

    2009-04-01

    A French theoretical physicist and philosopher of science who did his PhD with Louis de Broglie has won this year's £1m Templeton Prize, which is awarded for "progress toward research or discoveries about spiritual realities". Bernard d'Espagnat, 87, won the prize for his work on the philosophical implications of quantum mechanics by laying the theoretical groundwork for experimentally testing the violation of "Bell inequalities". He is the seventh physicist in the last 10 years to win the prize, which was set up in 1972 by the late philanthropist Sir John Templeton.

  19. China’s Regional and Global Grand Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-16

    almost the same. Is it just like the image in Richard Lewis’s book, a single eyelid with a Qing Dynasty skull cap?1 The image of China and the Chinese, in...satellite countries, and the sovereignty of its coastline cities. It became worse after the Qing Dynasty won the Sino-French War in 1885. The incompetent... dynasty won the war but submitted the suzerainty in Vietnam to the French. These images didn’t change despite the founding of the Republic of China in

  20. Accountability for Productivity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wellman, Jane

    2010-01-01

    Productivity gains in higher education won't be made just by improving cost effectiveness or even performance. They need to be documented, communicated, and integrated into a strategic agenda to increase attainment. This requires special attention to "accountability" for productivity, meaning public presentation and communication of evidence about…

  1. Nonverbal Communication and the First Amendment: The Rhetoric of the Streets Revisited.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haiman, Franklyn S.

    1982-01-01

    Reviews court cases and current issues involving nonverbal communication and the First Amendment. Concludes that many modes of nonverbal expression have won a firm place under the umbrella of protection of the First Amendment but that some modes (flag and draft card burnings, economic boycotts, and coercive persuasion) still raise troublesome…

  2. UCLA Plans Online Encyclopedia of Egyptology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, Jennifer

    2006-01-01

    The University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) has unveiled plans for what appears to be the world's first online, peer-reviewed encyclopedia devoted to ancient Egypt. The "UCLA Encyclopedia of Egypt," which in April won a $325,000 grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, will include material in Arabic as well as…

  3. Parental Practices in Families of Super-Achieving Math and Science Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lines, Patricia; Hawley, Jill Clark

    This paper examines parenting practices reported by 29 seniors who won scholarships in the 1990 Westinghouse Science Talent Search (STS) for projects in mathematics or science. It uses measures of parenting developed by Sanford Dornbusch and others: Parents are "authoritative" if they encourage family discussions of controversial topics, prefer…

  4. Y-12 Sustainability and Stewardship

    SciTech Connect

    John Krueger

    2009-10-06

    The Y-12 National Security Complex recently won a White House award for its leadership among Government installations for pollution prevention. This video tells the story of the many actions taken by this NNSA National Security Enterprise site towards being a responsible environmental citizen while protecting the national interest.

  5. Turn Your Boys into Readers!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allyn, Pam

    2011-01-01

    Girls outscore boys in reading proficiency levels; the gender gap is startling and concerning. The myth that boys won't read or that it's not "cool" for boys to love reading plays a big part in how these low levels come to be. Low expectations from teachers, and an assumption that boys prefer physical activity, mean that boys often don't find…

  6. Hungry Kids: The Solvable Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Felling, Christy

    2013-01-01

    The numbers speak for themselves in terms of the crisis of hunger among kids in the United States: More than 16 million children--one in five--live in households that struggle to put food on the table. Nearly half of all food stamp recipients are children. But, argues Felling, the battle against childhood hunger can be won; the United States has…

  7. Supported Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erickson, Ron, Ed.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    This "feature issue" reports on major shifts in attitudes, practices, and policies that have led to the growth of supported employment programs for people with disabilities, with special focus on the situation in Minnesota. It contains the following articles: "To the Year 2000 and Beyond: Jobs Won't Be the Problem" (David R.…

  8. Curtis Racer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    James H. Doolittle, the NACA's last chairman, visited Langley in February 1928 in his Curtiss Racer, the plane in which he won the 1925 Schneider Trophy Race. Photograph published in Engineer in Charge: A History of the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, 1917-1958 by James R. Hansen (page 403).

  9. 10 Things We Know So Far about Online Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiser, Kim

    1999-01-01

    Ten tips for online courses are as follow: (1) provide technical support; (2) plan the program; (3) use it for soft skills; (4) offer training during working hours; (5) keep lessons short; (6) keep traffic moving; (7) avoid using plug-ins; (8) teach the basics; (9) retain the human touch; and (10) realize the Web won't put trainers out of…

  10. When Sinuses Attack! (For Kids)

    MedlinePlus

    ... you have a cold? continue When Good Sinuses Go Bad What about that cold that won't go away? A cold virus can: damage the delicate ... if you are feeling well enough, you can go to school or go outside and play. In ...

  11. Hedgehogs and foxes (and a bear)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gibb, Bruce

    2017-01-01

    The chemical universe is big. Really big. You just won't believe how vastly, hugely, mind-bogglingly big it is. Bruce Gibb reminds us that it's somewhat messy too, and so we succeed by recognizing the limits of our knowledge.

  12. Math-Science Bills Advance in Congress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoff, David J.; Cavanagh, Sean

    2007-01-01

    Improving K-12 instruction and student achievement in mathematics and science is at the heart of separate bills intended to bolster America's economic standing that won overwhelming approval in both houses of Congress last week. The House on April 24 approved the 10,000 Teachers, 10 Million Minds Science and Math Scholarship Act by a vote of…

  13. Winning in the Rural Zone: How Cam Henderson Invented the Zone Defense.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnett, Bob

    1992-01-01

    Assesses the distinguished coaching career of Cam Henderson, who won over 611 games in 36 seasons of college basketball and coached over 151 college football wins at West Virginia colleges, mainly at Marshall University (Huntington). His influence has been so pervasive that Marshall University's basketball arena is named in his honor. (LP)

  14. Removal of Books from School Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyers, Judith K.

    This report reviews the seven times that the courts have considered the question of whether school boards can remove books from school libraries. Because the first and the three most recent cases upheld the rights of boards, while the other three cases were won by plaintiffs who had filed their cases against the boards, the differences in the…

  15. A Promising Professor Backs a T.A. Union Drive and Is Rejected for Tenure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fogg, Piper

    2001-01-01

    Discusses how Joel Westheimer, a rising star at New York University who had published and won the support of his department and outside reviewers, was denied tenure after he backed graduate students in a union drive. The university denies a connection. (EV)

  16. Counterfactuals and Causal Models: Introduction to the Special Issue

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sloman, Steven A.

    2013-01-01

    Judea Pearl won the 2010 Rumelhart Prize in computational cognitive science due to his seminal contributions to the development of Bayes nets and causal Bayes nets, frameworks that are central to multiple domains of the computational study of mind. At the heart of the causal Bayes nets formalism is the notion of a counterfactual, a representation…

  17. Two Legacies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Susan

    2012-01-01

    Before Heman Sweatt, an African-American from Houston, won his lawsuit to attend the University of Texas (UT) School of Law, Carlos Cadena, a Mexican-American from San Antonio, was among its brightest students. Cadena graduated summa cum laude from the law school in 1940, a decade before Sweatt's lawsuit forced UT to open its graduate and…

  18. Alma Flor Ada: Writer, Translator, Storyteller.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2003-01-01

    Discusses the work of children's author Alma Flor Ada, a Cuban native who has won awards honoring Latino writers and illustrators. Includes part of an interview that explores her background, describes activity ideas, and presents a bibliography of works written by her (several title published in both English and Spanish) as well as sources of…

  19. Strategies for Directing Existing Educational Systems Towards Life-Long Education: What Algerian Experience Has to Contribute.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skander, O.

    The motive power in Algeria's national educational system has been and still remains the ideological force of the Algerian revolution. After independence was won, a dramatic increase in school enrollments (resulting from decentralization) intensified the need for more teachers, better facilities and materials, new curricula, oriented to national…

  20. Food and Food Constituents, Acute Effects on Human Behavior

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-12-01

    include the following: individual amino acids; herbal products such as ginkgo biloba , St. John’s wort, kava kava and ginseng; weight loss products, which...for example, melatonin, ginkgo biloba , ephedrine, St. John’s won, and kava kava. Many of these naturally occurring products would be classified as drugs

  1. Celebrating Love in All Shades: YA Books with LGBTQ Themes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Letcher, Mark, Ed.

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author highlights outstanding literature written for young adults that contains LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer/questioning) themes, or contains LGBTQ characters. One of the most critically hailed books with LGBTQ characters from 2007 was Perry Moore's debut novel, "Hero" (Hyperion). This book won the Lambda…

  2. Author! Author! Amazing Cartoonist, Gifted Writer: William Steig

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2004-01-01

    This article gives a brief biography of William Steig, one of America's best-known cartoonists and, later in life, a beloved children's author and illustrator. A major motion picture based on Steig's picture book "Shrek!" won the first Oscar in the category of best animated feature film in 2002. Steig passed away at the age of 95 in October, 2003.…

  3. From Hills to Halls: A Modern Parable of Transitioning to Academia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cruz, Laura; Sholder, Jack

    2013-01-01

    This reflective essay tells the story of the transition of a Hollywood director to the professoriate. Jack Sholder's name may be familiar to those who are film buffs. As a filmmaker in Hollywood, he directed such films as "Alone in the Dark," "Nightmare on Elm Street 2," and "The Hidden." In addition, he won an Emmy…

  4. Manos Hadjidakis: The Story of an Anarchic Youth and a "Magnus Eroticus"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miralis, Yiannis

    2004-01-01

    The name of Manos Hadjidakis is probably unknown to contemporary musicians and music educators. After all, the Greek composer achieved his international fame back in 1961 when he won an Oscar for his soundtrack of the movie, "Never on Sunday." Numerous other awards followed from England, Krance, Germany, and of course, Greece. After his…

  5. Reynolds Number Effects on Thrust Coefficients and PIV for Flapping Wing Micro Air Vehicles

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-09

    16 Figure 6. AeroVironment Nano Hummingbird [Keennon 2012] ................................................ 17 Figure 7. Berkeley Micro ...Keennon, M., Klingebiel, K., Won, H., Andriukov, A., “Development of the Nano Hummingbird: A Tailless Flapping Wing Micro Air Vehicle,” AIAA 2012...REYNOLDS NUMBER EFFECTS ON THRUST COEFFICIENTS AND PIV FOR FLAPPING WING MICRO AIR VEHICLES

  6. Teaching Kids Not to Bully

    MedlinePlus

    ... consider an evaluation with a therapist or behavioral health professional. As difficult and frustrating as it can be to help kids stop bullying, remember that bad behavior won't just stop on its own. Think about the success and happiness you want your kids to find in school, ...

  7. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Habitat for Humanity South Sarasota County, Nokomis, FL

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2014-09-01

    The builder won an Affordable Builder award in the 2014 Housing Innovation Awards for this super-insulated home that features a 5.5-inch-thick layer of open-cell spray foam on the inside of the attic ceiling, providing an R-20-insulated, cool, conditioned space for the home’s high-efficiency SEER 15 heat pumps.

  8. Careers and people

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2016-07-01

    Medical physicist Alla Reznik's work on next-generation positron emission tomography (PET) devices - which recently won her a Leadership Award from the Ontario Research and Innovation Optical Network (ORION) - developed out of more than a decade of research into the fundamental properties of wide band-gap semiconductors.

  9. Can the League Cope with a Renegade Owner?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peck, Robert S.

    1983-01-01

    The Raiders won the right in court to move from Oakland to Los Angeles, but they face an appeal by the National Football League (NFL) and a separate lawsuit by the city of Oakland. The NFL's appeal of the antitrust verdict and Oakland's suit based on eminent domain theory are reviewed. (SR)

  10. Tales of A Martian Schoolmarm.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ascenzi, Laurie

    2000-01-01

    A former substitute teacher explains how she won first-graders' attention and significantly improved deportment by pretending to be a Martian with different communication modes and hearing capabilities than terrestrials. Children painlessly learn tips on listening, communicating, and engaging in friendly behaviors. (MLH)

  11. Cultural Resources Survey of Three Mississippi River Levee and Revetment Items, Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-03-01

    34 PIe " 2L Pr.i-e wPreReft NTI"S * iDpametCmes -"Wow- - - CONTR IBUTORS 0 OF IROQUOIS RESEARCH INSTITUTE S Principal Investigators WonD ateC.B.D. and...virginiana) and willow oak (Quercus phellos), nuts from bitter pecan (Carya aquatica) and pecan (Carya illinoensis), fruits from persimmon (Diospyros

  12. Correcting Our Connecting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toshalis, Eric

    2016-01-01

    "We often say to one another that "students won't care what you know until they know that you care," and this may be true. But our students' knowledge that they are cared for depends on what we do far more than on what we say," writes Eric Toshalis. In this impassioned article, he urges educators to rethink what it means to…

  13. Motivational Aspects of Moral Learning and Progress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curren, Randall

    2014-01-01

    This article addresses a puzzle about moral learning concerning its social context and the potential for moral progress: Won't the social context of moral learning shape moral perceptions, beliefs, and motivation in ways that will inevitably "limit" moral cognition, motivation, and progress? It addresses the relationships between…

  14. Native American Mascots in Contemporary Higher Education: Part 1--Politically Acceptable or Ethnically Objectionable?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reamey, Becky Avery

    2009-01-01

    The battle of the Little Big Horn in 1876 was one of the last great wars fought by Native Americans on a grassy battlefield. The battle was fought over territory and the right to live in the Dakota and Montana territories. The Native Americans won the battle of Little Big Horn but eventually lost the war and were forced to live on a reservation…

  15. Synthesizing a Life: An Interview with Carl Djerassi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cardellini, Liberato

    2011-01-01

    In this interview, Carl Djerassi recalls his first years, from his pleasant childhood, to how he escaped the Nazi persecutions, to his college education in America. He remembers how with his research group he won the race for synthesis of cortisone, and how they then synthesized norethindrone, the active ingredient in oral contraceptives. Djerassi…

  16. ProxiScan™: A Novel Camera for Imaging Prostate Cancer

    ScienceCinema

    Ralph James

    2016-07-12

    ProxiScan is a compact gamma camera suited for high-resolution imaging of prostate cancer. Developed by Brookhaven National Laboratory and Hybridyne Imaging Technologies, Inc., ProxiScan won a 2009 R&D 100 Award, sponsored by R&D Magazine to recognize t

  17. Skeptics at NATO’s 60th Anniversary: a Critique of the Criticism

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-08-01

    quote often attributed to Lord Ismay), and "won the Cold War without firing a single shot." Then the linear narrative moves on to 2001: "everything...and rehabilitate former Warsaw Pact nations, as well. Meanwhile, German policy makers starting with Defense Minister Volker Ruhe, saw NATO enlargement

  18. A Promising Professor Backs a T.A. Union Drive and Is Rejected for Tenure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fogg, Piper

    2001-01-01

    Discusses how Joel Westheimer, a rising star at New York University who had published and won the support of his department and outside reviewers, was denied tenure after he backed graduate students in a union drive. The university denies a connection. (EV)

  19. Writing for Publication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Bill

    1991-01-01

    Students at Hume-Fogg Academic High School in Nashville, Tennessee do every kind of writing, have won numerous writing awards, and have published everything from chapbooks to articles in national literary magazines. According to the creative writing teacher, students are first taught to write about things they know--to go back to their own…

  20. Library Referenda 2008: Libraries Build the Case for Voter Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dempsey, Beth

    2009-01-01

    Despite the recent turmoil in the U.S. economy, most libraries that were tracked by "Library Journal" won their referenda at a rate just slightly lower than 2007. Nearly three-quarters of operating referenda passed. Building referenda under $10 million passed at a whopping 85%, with those over $10 million batting slightly better than…

  1. No Tenure? No Problem

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texter, Douglas W.

    2009-01-01

    Adjuncting is the way of the future. In 20 years, there won't exist more than a handful of tenured professors. Universities want cheap, cheap labor, as much of it as they can get. While many lament that state of affairs, the author embraces it and invites other graduate students and newly minted untouchables to do the same. The writer shares how…

  2. Winning in the Rural Zone: How Cam Henderson Invented the Zone Defense.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnett, Bob

    1992-01-01

    Assesses the distinguished coaching career of Cam Henderson, who won over 611 games in 36 seasons of college basketball and coached over 151 college football wins at West Virginia colleges, mainly at Marshall University (Huntington). His influence has been so pervasive that Marshall University's basketball arena is named in his honor. (LP)

  3. "Boys Don't Do Dance, Do They?"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holdsworth, Nadine

    2013-01-01

    In 2005, the Warwick Arts Centre launched the "Boys Dancing" project through the formation of the West Midlands Boys Dance Alliance. Aimed exclusively at boys and young men, the project has offered a range of performance-making opportunities with male professionals including Liam Steel (DV8, Stan Won't Dance) and David McKenna…

  4. Sowing Green Seeds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yingjun, Chen; Jianzhuang, Rong

    2004-01-01

    This article deals with the development of environmental education Hunan Yueyang Middle School Number One. Famous for its beautiful environment and lush green trees, the school has won titles such as "park" unit, "garden" school, "green school" and "National Advanced Unit for Environmental Education." In…

  5. The Education Charter for the Future: A Strategic Tool for Education Quality in Portugal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benavente, Ana

    2006-01-01

    For over a century and a half, Portugal invested very little in education, which explains why it found itself in such a different situation from that of the developed countries of the Protestant industrialized North, or even from that of the Catholic Latin countries of southern Europe. In 1995, when elections were won by the Socialist party which…

  6. 10 Stimulating Ideas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Mike

    2009-01-01

    This fall, the Los Angeles Unified School District sold about $2 billion in bonds to finance more projects in its massive school construction program. But the cost of repaying that debt won't be as burdensome as it could have been. Los Angeles took advantage of two federal programs available to school systems through the American Reinvestment and…

  7. What Have We Learned from the War on Drugs? An Assessment of Mexico’s Counternarcotics Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    material author,‖ or gunman. Ochoa, called El Chocorrol ( Chocolate Roll) because of his dark skin, reportedly worked for Zorrilla until he was killed...began under a dark cloud. The election, which has generally been acknowledged to have been fraudulent, was barely won by Salinas and the PRI

  8. Occupational Experience: How Much is Enough?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welch, Frederick G.; Garner, William C.

    1976-01-01

    The vocational teacher education program at Penn State has been studied with regard to the relative merits of work experience and college credits in producing competent teachers. The baccalaureate won according to the authors who concede there will always be room for certificate programs, but that years of occupational experience can reach…

  9. The Roots of Gender Inequity in Technical Areas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, James Reed

    1991-01-01

    Describes a study of the academic self-concepts, attributions, and achievements of male and female Asian-American and European-American students who won Westinghouse Awards (n=301). Results showed that fewer European-American female recipients anticipated college majors in technical areas and scored lower on the SAT, self-concept scales, and…

  10. Risk averse` DOE is wasting time, money in cleanup effort-GAO

    SciTech Connect

    Newman, P.

    1994-09-01

    According to an August 1994 GAO report, internal strife, poor decisionmaking and conflicting stakeholder interests have plague the cleanup effort and prevented DOE from taking advantages of what its won technology program call the best hope for ensuring a substantive waste reduction. This article details the problems effecting radioactive waste cleanup at DOE facilities, and lists the five technology priorities which have been established.

  11. Higher Education in Recessionary Times: A UK Colloquium

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Mary

    2010-01-01

    This article talks about a meeting on "Higher Education in Recessionary Times" on March 24, 2010, which was hosted by the Society for Higher Education Research Policy Network. Although the meeting did take place in the context of an expected General Election, and on budget day, there was a general sense on the day that whoever won the…

  12. Engaging in Distancing Tactics among Sport Fans: Effects on Self-Esteem and Emotional Responses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bizman, Aharon; Yinon, Yoel

    2002-01-01

    Examines the effects of distancing tactics on self-esteem and emotions following a win or loss of one's favorite basketball team. Measures the self-esteem and emotional responses of basketball fans as they exited the sport arena after their team won or lost an official game. (CMK)

  13. Outcry against Violence: Beating Death of Student in Chicago Spurs Attention to a Nationwide Problem

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aarons, Dakarai I.

    2010-01-01

    In the wake of the beating death of a Chicago high school student in September, law-enforcement officials and educators have called for renewed efforts to stem youth violence. But they also acknowledged that money and programs alone won't solve the problem. U.S. Attorney General Eric H. Holder and Secretary of Education Arne Duncan traveled to…

  14. Bay State Bravado

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roach, Ronald

    2005-01-01

    As a bright and ambitious youngster growing up poor in Southside Chicago, Deval L. Patrick won a scholarship to Milton Academy, a private Massachusetts boarding school, courtesy of the acclaimed "A Better Chance" initiative. Attending the prestigious and rigorous prep school altered the course of Patrick's life. He flourished at Milton…

  15. Facilities of Environmental Distinction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pascopella, Angela

    2011-01-01

    Three of nine school buildings that have won the latest Educational Facility Design Awards from the American Institute of Architects (AIA) Committee on Architecture for Education stand out from the crowd of other school buildings because they are sustainable and are connected to the nature that surrounds them. They are: (1) Thurston Elementary…

  16. Students in Boston's "Pilot" Schools Outpacing Others

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manzo, Kathleen Kennedy

    2007-01-01

    This article reports how the 10 "pilot" schools conceived by the Boston district in 1994 are seeing more students through graduation than regular high schools in the area. Conceived a decade ago as the district's response to charter schools, pilot schools have won praise from educators, business leaders, and community groups for…

  17. Milton M. Holland: Panola County Recipient of the Medal of Honor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Jennifer, Ed.

    1992-01-01

    This publication features an article about Milton M. Holland, a black American from East Texas, who is credited with being the first black Texan to have won the Congressional Medal of Honor during the U.S. Civil War. The articles in the issue concern Milton Holland and other black Americans who served in the Civil War. The articles include:…

  18. Courthouses Rife with Education Policy Fights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2011-01-01

    State-level battles over changes in education policy have shifted in many places from legislative chambers to courthouses, as unions and other critics of new laws challenge them on the grounds that they violate state constitutions and worker contracts. Republican governors and lawmakers--their ranks bolstered by the 2010 elections--won passage…

  19. KSC-2012-6393

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2012-12-05

    ORLANDO, Fla. – The Emergency Response Team, or ERT, from NASA's Kennedy Space Center competed in the 30th Annual SWAT Round-Up International in Orlando, Florida. The team won the international competition in 2011, besting special operations squads from law enforcement agencies around the world. Photo credit: NASA/Jim Grossmann

  20. Tactical Speedball

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gubacs-Collins, Klara

    2010-01-01

    Virtually all conscientious teachers in the field of physical education aim to enhance the quality of their classes by introducing both content and approach innovations into their gymnasiums and classrooms, because the "same old stuff" just won't help achieve the goal of creating and maintaining an interest in the topic. Thus, one way to…

  1. Lessons for Tennessee from Florida's Education Revolution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ladner, Matthew

    2011-01-01

    Jeb Bush campaigned for governor on a clear and bracing set of education reforms in 1998. Having won office, he immediately pursued a dual-track strategy for reforming Florida's K-12 education system: standards and accountability for public schools, choice and options for parents. Florida lawmakers followed those reforms with additional measures.…

  2. Hungry Kids: The Solvable Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Felling, Christy

    2013-01-01

    The numbers speak for themselves in terms of the crisis of hunger among kids in the United States: More than 16 million children--one in five--live in households that struggle to put food on the table. Nearly half of all food stamp recipients are children. But, argues Felling, the battle against childhood hunger can be won; the United States has…

  3. TACSCE Research Annual 1991.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lesko, Silvia Jo

    1991-01-01

    This annual contains the paper that won the 1991 President's Award of the Texas Association for Community Service and Continuing Education (TACSCE) as well as the runner-up paper and other articles. An editorial, "Learning to Crawl" (Silvia Lesko), focuses on the editor's "discovery" of the adult learner. "Ethics and…

  4. "Mac"Roon and White: A School Newspaper Comes of Age on a Macintosh Computer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Wayne

    After placing second in an international school newspaper competition for which they had won first prize seven consecutive years, and discovering that the reasons for the drop included typographical errors and poor printing, the staff of the student newspaper of Danville (Illinois) High School invested in a Macintosh 128K computer. The Macintosh…

  5. Night Terrors (For Parents)

    MedlinePlus

    ... kids often remember, kids won't have any memory of a night terror the next day because they were in deep sleep when it happened — and there are no mental images to recall. What Causes Night Terrors? Night terrors are caused ...

  6. Towering tribute to botany.

    PubMed

    Williams, Nigel

    2003-08-05

    One of the world's greatest plant collections has won a top heritage award at a time when it is highlighting with a tree-top walkway the need to study the forest canopy which is one of the most crucial but least understood habitats.

  7. Off the Clock: Moving Education from Time to Competency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bramante, Fred; Colby, Rose

    2012-01-01

    What if you could remove time and space pressures from the process of teaching and learning? The authors of "Off the Clock" not only suggest this, but they have implemented it in New Hampshire. Due in part to their work, the New England Consortium won the 2011 Frank Newman Award for State Innovation through the Education Commission of…

  8. Joseph Rotblat: Influences, Scientific Achievements and Legacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Underwood, Martin

    2008-01-01

    Joseph Rotblat was one of the most distinguished nuclear physicists and peace campaigners of the post Second World War period. His peace activities rank alongside those of Albert Einstein and Bertrand Russell; he won the Nobel Peace Prize, jointly with the Pugwash movement, that he helped found. However, he made significant contributions to…

  9. St. Louis Blues: Tax Credits down and out in Missouri

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rich, Wilbur C.

    2008-01-01

    Many school choice enthusiasts think school choice legislation can be passed if only a number of minority political leaders can be won to the cause. Polls show that African Americans are among the strongest supporters of vouchers, tax credits, and charter schools. If minority leaders can be weaned away from traditional alliances, the underlying…

  10. Co-providing: understanding the logistics.

    PubMed

    Dickerson, Pamela S

    2011-11-01

    Continuing nursing education providers have sometimes said that they don't want to co-provide because "it's too much trouble" or they "won't be able to control what happens" or because they don't understand the process. This column clarifies the logistics of the co-provider relationship. Copyright 2011, SLACK Incorporated.

  11. The Poetics of Remembering.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldblatt, Eli

    1996-01-01

    Argues that writing charged with spiritual awareness can also be politically responsible. Uses poetry as an illustration, specifically the poetry of George Oppen, a Jewish-American who won the Pulitzer Prize for poetry in 1969. Discusses his poetry. Examines what the act of remembering means for a researcher and composition teacher. (PA)

  12. Joseph Rotblat: Influences, Scientific Achievements and Legacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Underwood, Martin

    2008-01-01

    Joseph Rotblat was one of the most distinguished nuclear physicists and peace campaigners of the post Second World War period. His peace activities rank alongside those of Albert Einstein and Bertrand Russell; he won the Nobel Peace Prize, jointly with the Pugwash movement, that he helped found. However, he made significant contributions to…

  13. Mystery #24 Answer

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2013-04-22

    ... reduction in shipping. Answer: False. The Yellow River or Huang He, is the second longest river in China. The river is ... has won several awards in international wine contests. 5.   Rapid population development, as seen in the rim areas, has resulted in ...

  14. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: KB Home — Double ZeroHouse, Lancaster, CA

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2014-09-01

    The home that won a Production Builder award in the 2014 Housing Innovation Awards serves as a model for this builder, showcasing high-tech features including an electric car charging station; a compressed natural gas (CNG) car fueling station; a greywater recycling system that filters shower, sink, and clothes washer water for yard irrigation; smart appliances; and an electronic energy management system.

  15. Award-Winning Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bollag, Burton

    2006-01-01

    Kenneth E. Brashier, Mark S. Lewine, Alexei V. Filippenko, and Donna C. Boyd were the four professors who won the Professors of the Year for 2006. They were chosen from nearly 300 candidates nominated by their institutions for their "outstanding commitment to teaching undergraduate students and their influence on teaching." The annual…

  16. Harmonized sales tax a taxing issue for MDs in Atlantic Canada

    PubMed Central

    Robb, N

    1997-01-01

    Physicians in 3 atlantic provinces say the linking of provincial sales taxes with the GST exacerbates the inequity physicians face because it yet again adds to their overhead costs. Physicians in Nova Scotia have already won an annual rebate to compensate them for the heavier tax burden. Doctors in the Maritimes warn that heavier taxes make recruiting there even more difficult. PMID:9371073

  17. Toward a Mathematical Theory of Counterterrorism (Proteus USA, Volume 1, Issue 2, December 2007)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    is too crude a measure; Paris’s Troy may have been sacked, but not Petain’s Paris.�� One could declare a battle won if the terrorist cell has not...Press, 2002). Matthew J. Dombroski and Kathleen M. Carley, “NETEST: Estimating a Terrorist Network’s Structure—Graduate Student Best Paper Award, CASOS

  18. JPRS Report, Science & Technology. Europe, Economic Competitiveness.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Mandelli won all the stakes; not at Caterpillar , which chose Mandelli (Italy), Waldrich and Schiess (Germany), and Pegard (Belgium) for its ambitious...daily ASAHI reports that a tentative decision has been reached. The Science and Technology Agency, however, is a great deal more guarded on the subject

  19. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Southern Energy Homes — First DOE Zero Energy Ready Manufactured Home, Russellville, AL

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2014-09-01

    This home is the first manufactured home built to the DOE Zero Energy Ready Home standard and won an Affordable Builder award in the 2014 Housing Innovations Awards. This manufactured home achieved a HERS score of 57 without photovoltaics and includes superior insulation and air sealing.

  20. The International Sailing Canoe: A Technical Review

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-10-01

    Mermaid , considered the ultimate develop- ment in the 16 x 30 class, as she with skipper Leo Friede won the New York Cup in 1914. Various sailing...canoes, including Kestrel (circa 1890), Bee (circa 1890), Argonaut (cirea 1910), Mermaid (ci rca 1913, 1923) and an example of a "Rob Roy" Canoe (circa